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This picture, from a photograph, presents the charac- 
teristic costume of the older village folk in Ireland, and 
the spinning wheel denotes an industry which has not yet 
died out. 










J05D D. fl?ORRIS & C0^17PAPy 







of the Catholic University, JAMES JEFFREY ROCHE, LL.D. 

Washington Editor The Pilot 



D. J. O'DoNOGHUE Prof. W. P. TRENT, of Columbia 
Prof. F. N. ROBINSON, of Har- University 

vard University Prof. H. S. PANCOAST 


CHARLES WELSH, Managing Editor 
Author of * The Life of John Newbery ' (Goldsmith's friend and publisher). 



MODERN IRISH POETRY .... William Butler Yeats 
PEAN LITERATURE Dr. George Sigerson 

IRISH NOVELS Maurice Francis Egan, LL.D. 

IRISH WIT AND HUMOR . . . . D. J. O'Donoghue 












initeAt>Ati X 

An "OpArttA S-A^e^AC. (Scioj?4n guinn) 

A5US At>ftA1t1 I1A tTOAOITie. 
Tlij ATI $ Af AI "6ui6 (An CpAOiDfn -00 Ctilfi fiof 



A CgAnAij; An Cuit CeAngAilee. (t)icco) 
Coijuiin nA n-Aicinne. (t)icco) 

,n ppKuAit). (T>ICCO) . . 

nA 5cleAf . (t)icco) . 
tTlobpon A|\ An bpAippse. ("Oicco) 

An bUACAltt "DO bl A bpAT) A|l A 

Heipn. (-oicco) 


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luipe. (-oicco) 

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. < 3748 
. r 3750 

(oicco) 3764 
. 3776 
. 3778 
. . 3788 
. 3794 
. 3806 
. . 3812 
(t)icco) 3822 

Cj\oipe tlAorhCA. (An c-AcAif\ 

t)eAn nA T>ct\i mbo 

1 H5Aet>eit5. (c|\umni$Ce teif An 
Aoibmn) ....... 

AS suAm HA ti-6meAtin. 

\ An T)iomAif . ( u Con4n ITlAOt." p. S. 6 







THE IRISH DRAMA. Stephen Gwynn. . * . xiii 
INTRODUCTION. The Modern Literature of the Irish 

Language. . ' .. 3711 


King of the Black Desert. Douglas Hyde. . 3713 
Ringleted Love of my Youth. Polk Song 

from " Love Songs of Connacht." . . . 3735 
Coirnin of the Furze. Douglas Hyde. . . 3737 
The Red Man's Wife. Folk Song from " Love 

Songs of Connacht." . . . . 3748 

The Knight of the Tricks. Douglas Hyde. . 3751 
My Grief on the Sea. Folk Song from " Love 

Songs of Connacht." 3763 

The Boy who was Long on his Mother. Doug- 
las Hyde. . . . . . . . 3765 

The Brow of Nefin. Folk Song from "Love 

Songs of Connacht." 3777 

The Red Duck. I). Hyde. Trs. by O. Welsh. 3779 
The Keening of the Three Marys. Tradi- 
tional Folk Ballad. Douglas Hyde. . . 3789 
Mary's Well. A Religious Folk Tale. Doug- 
las Hyde 3794 

Mary and St. Joseph. Folk Song. Douglas 

Hyde 3807. 

Saint Peter. A Folk Story. Douglas Hyde. 3813 
How Covetousness Came into the Church. 

Douglas Hyde 3823 

The Sign of the Cross For Ever. Folk Song. 3829 
The Woman of Three Cows. J. Clarence 

Mangan. ... 
IRISH RANNS. Douglas Hyde. 

Shane the Proud. A fragment of Irish His- 
tory. P. J. O'Shea 


C-AiUn n-A mbftditpe. (Se^muf t)ub$-Aitl) 
An gxvo m-AftA. (Se-Atnuf tDubs-Ailt) . 

. (An CjvAOibin Aoibinn) . 
5-Ab.A. (Se-Amuf T)tib$AiU). 
btuipe -Af (^n c-X\t-Ai|\ 


n Cetcmn 










If f At),A 6 cui|\eA-6 f iof . 
ttl-Att-ACc .An t)6eif\. (pe-A^ 5-An -Ainm) 
CfirhA c|\oi*e CAilin. 
tXAn-Cnuic 6ipe-Ann 0. 

otiAniA SAti nuAt>-5Aet>eil5 

Cxif-A-6 An cfug^in. (An CfiAotbm Aotbinn) 


. . 3910 

. . 3916 

. . 3922 

. . 3928 

. . 3932 

111-Ac Conm-A^-A) 3936 

CtlllUAS AR HA SeAH-t55T)AnAir). 5Aet>eit5e ^ A 
bfuitcfA<ic inf n-A n-imteAbttAib f eo 6 I. 50 IX. . 

CUIICAS HA t1UAt).tI5 > OAnAlt) ^AeteAlACA A bjruil 
^n-obAijA 1 m-t3^Af LA. ..... 

tlo i ngAe-Oeits inf ^n 1tyte^b^n fo. . . 





Contents. j x 




The Friar's Servant Girl. James Doyle. 

Trs. by Mary Doyle 3875 

The " Gad Mara." -James Doyle. Trs. by 

Mary Doyle. . . . . ... 3875 

An Allegory. Douglas Hyde. Trs. by 

Norma Borthwick. . . . . 3878 

Tim, the Smith. James Doyle. Trs. by Mary 

Doyle. . . . . . . . 3887 

Seadna's Three Wishes. From " Seadna." 

Rev. Peter O'Leary 3941 

The Thankfulness of Dermot. Patrick 

O'Leary 3953 

Geoffrey Keating. From " Irish Prose." 

Rev. Patrick 8. Dineen 3959 

"East, West, Home's Best." From "An 

Cneamhaire." Agnes 0. Farrelly. . . 3967 
The Cavern. From "An Giobl&chan." 

Thomas Hayes . 3977 

The Echo. From "An Giobl&chan." T. Hayes. 3983 

Raftery's Repentance. Douglas Hyde. . 3911 
The Cuis-dd-ple. (Political.) A. Raferty. . 3917 
How Long Has It Been Said? (Political.) 

A. Raftery . 3923 

The Curse of the Boers on England. ( Politi- 
cal. )-*o<fy Gregory 3928 

Grief of a Girl's Heart (Love Song.) Lady 

Gregory. ....... 3933 

The Fair Hills of Eire. (Patriotic.) Dr. 

George Sigerson. . ... 3937 


The Twisting of the Rope. Douglas Hyde. . 3989 

work appears in Volumes I-IX. . . 4011 


appears in Volume X. . 


INDEX. 4041 



THE OLD PLAID SHAWL. ..... Frontispiece 

From a photograph. 

It is from the lips of the aged peasantry that most of the Folk 
Tales, Folk Songs, Ranns, etc., have been taken down by Dr. 
Douglas Hyde and others. This picture presents the characteris- 
tic costume of the older village folk in Ireland, and the spinning 
wheel denotes an industry which has not yet died out. 

PATRICK J. O'SHEA. (Conan Maol.) 3842 

From a photograph by Allison's, Belfast, Armagh and 



Photographic facsimile from the original. 


Photographed from the painting by Jack B. Yeats. 


From a painting formerly in the possession of J. Hardiman, 
after the print engraved and published by John Martyn, 
Dublin, 1822. 

After Joyce and others. 


IN an article in the Fortnightly Review for December, 
1901, Mr. Stephen Gwyrin, the eminent critic, told the 
story of the Irish Literary Theater. We present here his 
account of the Irish National Dramatic Society, written 
in December, 1902. With regard to the first named he 
says : 

Its work may be summed up in a sentence: It produced 
in Ireland, with English actors, seven plays written in 
English on Irish subjects. These were: two by Mr. Yeats, 
'The Countess Cathleen' and ' The Land of^Heart's De- 
sire'; two by Mr. Martyn, ' The Heather Field' and 
i Maeve ' ; one by Miss Milligan, ' The Last Feast of the 
Fianna '; one by Mr. Moore, ' The Bending of the Bough '; 
and one, ' Diarmuid and Grania,' by Mr. Yeats and Mr. 
Moore in collaboration. At the time when the last was 
produced by Mr. Benson, a troupe of amateurs played Dr. 
Hyde's < Casadh an t-Sug&in,' and the advantage that Irish 
amateurs had, even over good English professionals, for 
the purpose in hand was obvious. I suppose that this oc- 
curred to Mr. Fay, for it was after this that he and some 
friends all of them people earning their bread by daily 
labor banded together to devote their leisure to the acting 
of Irish plays; and the new experiment was inaugurated 
last Easter, when this company of Irish actors played two 
Irish plays, " A. E.'s " < Deirdre ' and Mr. Yeats' < Cath- 
leen ni Hoolihan.' It was renewed on a much larger scale 
this Samhain-tide, when in the course of a week some plays 
(including one short farce in Gaelic) were given; the sub- 
jects ranging from poetic handling of the oldest mythology 
down to contemporary satire on the town corporation. 
The whole thing was absolutely and entirely uncommercial. 
Authors and actors alike gave their services for the benefit 
of Cumann na Gael, under whose auspices the plays were 
produced, calling themselves the Irish National Dramatic 

The more one thinks about it, the plainer one sees that 
for full enjoyment of drama the auditor must be one of a 
sympathetic crowd. For instance, a comedy of Mr. Shaw's 



The Irish Drama. 

played before the Stage Society is infinitely more enjoya- 
ble than when it is played in Kennington or Notting Hill. 
But the Stage Society, which makes an ideal audience for 
wit, is perhaps too sophisticated for poetry; too much 
under the domination of modern comedy. In Dublin Mr. 
Yeats and the rest had a hall full of people not less intelli- 
gent but less over-educated, less subservient to the critical 
faculty; in a word, more natural. This audience had all 
the local knowledge necessary to give dramatic satire its 
point (and that is scarcely possible in a place so big as 
London), and had also a community of certain emotions 
arising out of distinctive ideas. And, above all, the people 
composing it came to the theater much as they might have 
gone to church or to a political meeting, ready to be moved 
by grave emotions or by serious ideas. Two of the plays 
could, I think, have held their own with any audience. But 
without that special audience ' Cathleen ni Hoolihan ' and 
* The Laying of Foundations ' would have been by far less 
dramatic than they were. 

It should be said at once that these plays were for the 
most part extremely modest in scope. Only one had so 
many as three acts or required a change of scene; and two 
or three were at best " curtain raisers." In this class must 
be put Mr. McGinley's ' Eilis agus an Bhean Decree ' 
('Eilish and the Beggar Woman'), which I cannot criti- 
cise, as no text was procurable and my Gaelic was not equal 
to following the dialogue closely. I do not think that a 
higher rank can be claimed for Mr. Yeats' farce, ' A Pot of 
Broth,' which, however, afforded Mr. W. G. Fay the chance 
for a capital piece of broad comic acting. The story is one, 
common among Irish peasants, of a beggar, who comes to a 
churlish woman's house, and knowing well that asking will 
get him neither bite nor sup, plays on her credulity by dis- 
playing a wonderful stone which will make the best of 
broth. All he asks is the use of a pot and water in it, and 
while the miserly housewife listens to his praise of the 
saving to be effected by such a stone, he dilates upon its 
other qualities its effect on a chicken if you put it in with 
it, or on a ham-bone or the like till gradually one eatable 
after another slips into the pot, and the beggar in a fit of 
generosity presents the stone to the housewife, taking in 
return merely the broth and a few unconsidered trifles. 

The Irish Drama. xy 

That was all, and it was little enough. But it was interest- 
ing to find Mr. Yeats as a purveyor of laughter for the 
little piece was genuinely droll, and interesting too to 
notice how, for his comedy as for his tragedy, he went to 
folk lore and the peasant's cottage. 1 

I may dismiss at once Mr. Seumas O'Cuisin, author of 
two of the plays. His < Kacing Lug ' was a little story of 
sea-faring folk, apparently so cut down as to be barely in- 
telligible. This was in prose ; his other production, ' The 
Sleep of the King,' was simply a poetic tableau, showing 
how Connla, son of Conn the Hundred-fighter, left a prof- 
fered throne to follow after a fairy woman. 

" He follows on for ever, when all your chase is done, 
He follows after shadows, the King of Ireland's son." 

Mrs. Chesson has put the gist of it into the haunting little 
poem from which I quote these two lines, and put it much 
more effectively than Mr. O'Cuisin. Still, his little piece 
in verse and very creditable verse gave the troupe their 
one opportunity of showing how they spoke what was writ- 
ten in meter. They spoke verse not as actors generally do, 
but as poets speak it, in a kind of chant, which I confess 
seems to me the natural and proper manner. 

It was just this quality the absence of all stage manner- 
isms, the willingness to speak poetry simply as poetry, to 
speak it for its own sake, and not to show the actor's ac- 
complishments that rendered possible the production of 
< Deirdre ; ' and it would have been a pity for work so good 
not to have been produced. Nevertheless I cannot regard 
' Deirdre ' as a good or successful piece of drama. The au- 
thor, " A. E., " ranks high in my judgment as a lyrical 
poet, but even as a lyrical poet his appeal must necessarily 
be to the few. Mystic in the blood and bone, he stands 
habitually apart, and moves in ways of thought and emo- 
tion where it is difficult to follow him. And yet it was 
striking to observe how well the audience responded to his 
interpretation of the famous and beautiful story, and to 
the thoughts that he wove into its fabric. The first act 
tells how the sons of Usnach found Deirdre in the secret 
abode where the High King Conchobar had secluded her 

1 The story is told in Griffin's ' The Collegians,' see Volume IV. 

xvi The Irish Drama. 

fatal beauty, and how she fled with Naisi, obedient to the 
voice of a new wonder; and in this act I could see little or 
nothing to praise. But in the second, which shows Deirdre 
in the kingdom that Naisi and his brother had won on the 
shore of Loch Etive, there was work of a very different 
quality. In a passage of singular beauty the poet for the 
play, though written in prose, is sheer poetry shows 
Deirdre looking out on a glorious sunset. It is the sunset 
not of one but of many days, she says, and the stars that 
had lost each other in the mists and heat of the sun, know 
again their friends' faces across the firmament. And so, 
too, she and Naisi, awaking at last from the long swoon of 
sunshine, see at last into each other's hearts, and she sees 
in him a regret. It is the regret of pride that he has fled 
without confronting King Conchobar; the regret of chiv- 
alry that he has broken the rules of the Red Branch Order. 
It is, indeed, for comradeship in the Red Branch that he 
pines, not knowing it; and on the top of this discourse 
comes the shout of a man of Erin from his galley in the 
loch. And Deirdre, who has Cassandra's gift, foreknows 
the whole; so that when Fergus enters, the dearest of 
Naisi's friends, with pledge of forgiveness and of restora- 
tion to the Red Branch, she has no heart to greet him. She 
can only implore Naisi to stay, and her sorrow angers him, 
till her love and her knowledge yield to his pride. 

I thought the w r hole of this act very well planned and 
full of beauty, and, even when the beauty was recondite, 
it conveyed itself surprisingly well. Deirdre in her lament 
says that the Gods have told her her love and happiness are 
ended, and are yet immortal, for they are destined to live 
forever as a memory in the minds of the Gael ! and one felt 
that slight stir run through the silent audience which tells 
of a point gone home. And the spectacular beauty, even 
on that mean stage, was considerable; the figures moving 
behind a gauze veil in costumes designed by the author, 
who is artist as well as poet, and moving no more than was 
essential for the action. It was a great relief to see actors 
stand so still, and never to have attention distracted from 
the person on whom it naturally fell. But the whole thing 
was too literary, depended too much on the accidental 
beauties of thought or phrasing, and not enough on a 
strong central emotion. I do not think that " A. E." 

The Irish Drama. 

achieved more than to demonstrate the possibility, of a 
drama on an Irish heroic subject which should appeal to 
an Irish audience. But such a drama would have to be 
written by a most skillful dramatist. 

The other two plays of which I have to speak had their 
way, as it seemed, made almost absurdly easy for them ; so 
directly did they spring out of the mind of the audience. 
And yet these things are not quite so easy as they appear, 
and Mr. Eyan succeeded when Mr. Moore and Mr. Martyn 
had failed. Mr. Moore's ' Bending of the Bough ' was a dra- 
matic satire on Irish politicians: so was Mr. Martyn's 
6 Tale of a Town/ But though Mr. Moore and Mr. Martyn 
knew well how Ibsen had done that sort of thing, they were 
not familiar at first-hand with local politics; they did not 
show that perfect knowledge of local types which gave a 
value to ' The Laying of Foundations.' 

The action of this comedy passes in the house of Mr. 
O'Loskin, town councilor (and patriot), immediately after 
a municipal election. To him come his friends, Alder- 
man Farrelly and another, for a discussion of pros- 
pects. The alderman and his ally have their own little 
game to play; to secure for a building syndicate in which 
they are concerned the contract for erecting a new asylum. 
Mr. O'Loskin, on his part, desires the post of city architect 
for his son Michael. There is an obvious fitness in the ar- 
rangement by which Mr. O'Loskin will back the one job, 
while Mr. Farrelly completes the other; indeed, the only 
obstacle to this and all other good plans lies in one Nolan, 
the editor of a plaguy print, who has succeeded in captur- 
ing one of the wards, and will have a new means of annoy- 
ance as if his Free Nation, with his rancorous comment 
on the private arrangements of public men, were not 
troublesome enough already. " And the worst of it is," 
says Alderman Farrelly, with pious indignation, " that I 
don't believe the fellow can be squared." Needless to say, 
the Free Nation has its counterparts in real life: the 
United Irishman, and another clever paper, The Leader, 
have been for some time back making things very unpleas- 
ant for patriot publicans and others. Nor was this all. 
Even the obiter dicta of prominent men found a new pub- 
licity given to them on the stage. " This fellow Nolan," 
says Alderman Farrelly, " is never done putting absurd no- 

xviii The Irish Drama. 

tions into poor people's heads. He says a working man 
ought to get twenty-four shillings a week. Twenty-four 
shillings!" (They all roar with laughter.) "Eighteen 
shillings is plenty for any laboring man. What would they 
do with more if they had it? Drink it! " And he slaps 
his thigh, leans back, and drains his tumbler of mon- 
strously stiff whisky and water. This trait did not lose 
any of its pungency before an audience which remembered 
how a certain Lord Mayor had recently fixed eighteen shil- 
lings as the highest wage any working man should look 

After the opening dialogue the action begins to develop. 
Michael, the future city architect, is an almost incredibly 
ingenuous youth. He only knows his father as the promi- 
nent patriot, the liberal subscriber to charities. And he is 
vastly overjoyed at the prospect, but he does not see how 
it is to be accomplished. How exactly is Alderman Far- 
relly going to secure favors from Alderman Sir John Bull, 
the leading Unionist? How is he, Michael, going to con- 
sent to receive them? Mr. O'Loskin has to explain that 
Sir John Bull is a large employer of labor, and, no matter 
what his politics, which is the better patriot, the man who 
gives the means of livelihood to hundreds, or one of your 
starveling fellows who goes about making trouble and stir- 
ring up ill-will? Michael yields easily, for Michael is en- 
gaged, and this will mean marriage; but the young lady, 
Miss Delia, is not so sanguine. She has been infected with 
the venom of Nolan, she distrusts Mr. O'Loskin, she warns 
Michael against a trap. Nevertheless, Michael accepts. 

Two months later finds him installed, and coming grad- 
ually face to face with facts. Alderman Farrelly is right- 
eously indignant because Michael has pedantically re- 
ported that the foundations of the new asylum are being 
laid with four feet of concrete instead of the stipulated 
eight. Worse still, Michael has condemned, root and 
branch, certain slum tenements not knowing that they 
are the joint property of Alderman Farrelly and his own 
father. Here again one may observe that the audience bore 
in mind how a rickety tenement owned by a prominent and 
patriotic member of the Corporation had finally collapsed, 
killing some of the inmates. Michael's eyes are finally 
opened completely by an interview with Mr. Nolan, and, 

The Irish Drama. 


Delia backing him 5 he takes his stand. In vain does Al- 
derman Farrelly inclose a check for 500 as " a wedding 
present." In vain does Mr. O'Loskin tear his paternal 
hair. " Michael, I always thought you would take after 
me. See what comes of giving a boy a good education." 
(That, I will be bold to say, is a stroke of irony worthy of 
Swift himself.) Michael is obdurate, and the curtain falls 
on his righteous protestations. 

Up to a certain point, as will be evident, the thing is 
purely analogous to Ibsen's work but might have been 
written by one who had never read a line of that master. 
Only, if Ibsen had drawn Michael as Mr. Ryan drew him, 
and as Mr. Kelly represented him, there would certainly 
have been a third act, showing, in a bitter sequel, Michael's 
surrender. This is a defect in the art, for Michael is ill- 
drawn; and Miss Delia is rather a needlessly aggressive 
young lady. But whatever Mr. O'Loskin and Mr. Farrelly 
nave to say and do is excellent, and the sentence which I 
have quoted is a fair illustration of the irony which per- 
vades the whole. And a wholly subordinate character, 
Mrs. Macfadden, wife of the third town councilor, has an 
admirable scene in which she speaks her mind of Miss 
Delia and her extraordinary notions and goings on. Noth- 
ing could be better played than this was by Miss Honor 
Lavalle ; she was the Dublin Catholic bourgeoise to the life. 

I do not say that the play was a masterpiece. I do say 
that it was live art ; and that here was a new force let loose 
in Ireland : the clear sword of ridicule, deftly used from the 
point of greatest vantage, striking home again and again. 
Here there was no reference to the stranger ; here was Ire- 
land occupied with her own affairs, chastising her own cor- 
ruption. I wish I could have been present on the Saturday 
night when the programme began with ' The Laying of 
Foundations' and ended with ' Cathleen ni Hoolihan.' 
That would have been to see drama pass from its cauteriz- 
ing the ignoble to its fostering the noble in national life: 
from the comedy of municipal corruption to the tragedy, 
brief, indeed, but drawing centuries into its compass of 
Ireland's struggle for freedom. 

It is necessary to explain for English readers that " Cath- 
leen ni Hoolihan " was one of the names which poets in the 
eighteenth century used to cloak, in the disguise of love- 


The Irish Drama. 

songs, their forbidden passion for Ireland ; that the " Shan 
Van Vocht," or " Poor Old Woman," was another of these 
names; and that Killala, near which, in 1798, is laid the 
scene of Mr. Yeats' play, is the place where Humbert's ill- 
starred but glorious expedition made its landing. But 
there was no need to tell all this to the Dublin audience. 

The stage shows a peasant's house, window at the back, 
door on the right, hearth on the left. Three persons are in 
the cottage, Peter Gillane, his wife Bridget, and their sec- 
ond son Patrick. Outside is heard a distant noise of cheer- 
ing, and they are wondering what it is all about. Patrick 
goes to the window and sees nothing but an old woman 
coming toward the house; but she turns aside. Then on 
a sudden impulse he faces round and says, " Do you re- 
member what Winnie of the Cross Koads was saying the 
other day about the strange woman that goes through the 
country the time there 's war or trouble coming? " But 
the father and mother are too busy with other thoughts to 
attend to such fancies ; for Bridget is spreading out her son 
Michael's wedding clothes, and Peter is expecting the boy 
back with the girl's fortune. A hundred pounds, no less. 
Things have prospered with the Gillanes; and when 
Michael, the fine young lad, comes in with the bag of 
guineas he is radiant with thinking of the girl, Delia 
Cahel, and Bridget is radiant with looking at him, and 
Peter with handling the gold and planning all that can be 
done with it. And through it all again and again breaks 
the sound of distant cheering. Patrick goes off to learn 
the cause, and Michael goes to the window in his turn. 
He, too, sees the old woman, but this time she is coming to 
the house, and her face is seen for a moment, pale like a 
banshee's, through the thick glass of the window. And 
Michael shivers a little. " I 'd sooner a stranger not to 
come to the house the night before the wedding." But his 
mother bids him open the door, and in walks the old way- 

Miss Maud Gonne, as every one knows, is a woman of 
superb stature and beauty; she is said to be an orator, and 
she certainly has the gifts of voice and gesture. To the 
courage and sincerity of her acting I can pay no better 
tribute than to say that her entrance brought instantly 
to my mind a half-mad old-wife in Donegal whom I have 

TJie Irish Drama. xx j 

always known. She spoke in that sort of keening cadence 
so frequent with beggars and others in Ireland who lament 
their state. But for all that, tall and gaunt as she looked 
under her cloak, she did not look and she was not meant to 
look like a beggar; and as she took her seat by the fire, the 
boy watched her curiously from across the stage. The old 
people question her and she speaks of her travel on the 

BRIDGET. It is a wonder you are not worn out with so much 

OLD WOMAN. Sometimes my feefc are tired and my hands are 
quiet, but there is no quiet in my heart. When the people see me 
quiet they think old age has come on me, and that all the stir has 
gone out of me. 

BRIDGET. What was it put you astray ? 

OLD WOMAN. Too many strangers in the house. 

BRIDGET. Indeed, you look as if you had had your share of 

OLD WOMAN. I have had trouble indeed. 

BRIDGET. What was it put the trouble on you ? 

OLD WOMAN. My land that was taken from me. 

BRIDGET. Was it much land they took from you ? 

OLD WOMAN. My four beautiful green fields. 

PETER (aside to Bridget). Do you think, could she be the 
Widow Casey that was put out of her holding at Kilglas a while 

BRIDGET. She is not. I saw the Widow Casey one time at the 
market in Ballina, a stout, fresh woman. 

PETER (to Old Woman}. Did you hear a noise of cheering and 
you coming up the hill ? 

OLD WOMAN. I thought I heard the noise I used to hear when 
my friends came to visit me. (She begins singing half to herself. ) 

" I will go cry with the woman, 
For yellow-haired Donough is dead, 
With a hempen rope for a neck-cloth, 
And a white cloth on his head." 

The sound of her strange chant draws the boy over to her 
as if by a fascination; and she tells him of the men that 
had died for love of her. 

" There was a red man of the O'Donnells from the North, and a 
man of the O'Sullivans from the South, and there was one Brian 
that lost his life at Clontarf by the sea, and there were a great 
many in the West, some that died hundreds of years ago, and there 
are some that will die to-morrow." 

The boy draws nearer to her, and plies her with ques- 
tions, and the old people talk pityingly of the poor crea- 

xxii The Irish Drama. 

ture that has lost her wits. They offer her bread and milk, 
and Peter, under his wife's reproaches, offers her a shil- 
ling. But she refuses. 

"If any man would give me help he must give me himself, he 
must give me all." 

And Michael starts to go with her, to welcome the friends 
that are coming to help her. But his mother interposes 
sharply, with a note of terror, and she reminds him whom 
it is he has to welcome. Then turning to the stranger 

Maybe you don't know, ma'am, that my son is going to be mar- 
ried to-morrow. 

OLD WOMAN. It is not a man going to his marriage that I look 
to for help. 

PETER (to Bridget). Who is she, do you think, at all ? 

BRIDGET. You did not tell us your name yet, ma'am. 

OLD WOMAN. Some call me the Poor Old Woman, and there are 
some that call me Cathleen ni Hoolihan. 

It sounds flat and cold when you write it down; it did 
not sound cold when it was spoken. And the audience felt, 
too, in a flash, all that lay in Peter's comment, " I think I 
knew some one of that name once. It must have been some 
one I knew when I was a boy." 

The stranger goes out then, chanting an uncanny chant, 
after she has told them what the service means that she 
asks of men. " They that had red cheeks will have pale 
cheeks for my sake; and for all that they will think they 
are well paid." And she leaves the boy in a kind of trance, 
from which his mother tries to waken him with talk of his 
wedding clothes. But as Bridget speaks the door is thrown 
open, Patrick bursts in with the neighbors : " There are 
ships in the bay; the French are landing at Killala ! " 

Delia Cahel may come with him, may cling about 
Michael; but the chant is heard outside and the bride- 
groom flings away the bride and rushes out, leaving them 
all silent. Then old Peter crosses to Patrick and asks, 
" Did you see an old woman going down the path? " And 
the lad answers, " I did not ; but I saw a young gir 1 and 
she had the walk of a queen." 

The actors played the piece as it was written; that is, 
they lessened instead of heightening the dialect and the 
brogue; they left the points unemphasized. But they had 

TJie Irish Drama. xxiii 

the house thrilling. I have never known altogether what 
drama might be before. Take a concrete instance. Pew 
things in modern literature seem to me so fine as the third 
act in < Herod ' ; few pieces of acting have pleased me bet- 
ter than Mr. Tree's in that scene. But I have never felt in 
reading it over that I missed anything by lacking the stage 
presentment, and I felt obscurely glad to be spared the 
sense of an audience only half in sympathy. ' Herod ' 
came to the audience from outside; Mr. Yeats put before 
them in a symbol the thought of their own hearts. He had 
such a response as is only found in England by the singers 
of patriotic ditties in the music halls. " Cathleen ni Hooli- 
han " is the Irish equivalent for the " Absent-minded Beg- 
gar " or the " Handy Man." It is superfluous to do more 
than suggest the parallel. 

I do not for a moment mean to imply that these Irish 
plays are worthy the attention of English managers. 
There is no money in them. They will be played, no doubt, 
a few times in Dublin, where Mr. Fay and his fellows have 
taken a small house for occasional performances. They 
will be played up and down through the country to people 
paying sixpences and pennies for admission. Some of 
them will, I hope, be produced by the Irish Literary So- 
ciety in London for an Irish audience. But wherever they 
are played they will represent a wholly different order 
of dramatic art from that which prevails in the English 
theater; and the difference will lie chiefly in their inten- 
tion, first, in the fact that they are not designed to make 

Wherever they are played I hope they may find per- 
formers so good as Mr. W. G. or Mr. F. J. Fay, or Mr. 
Digges an actor of extraordinary range, who played the 
parts of Naisi, of Michael Gillane, and of Alderman Far- 
relly, with equal success. The ladies of the company were 
hardly equal to the men, but Miss M. Quinn and Miss M. 
nic Shiubhlaigh both acted with fine intelligence. And the 
whole company, by their absence of stage tricks, showed 
the influence of Mr. Yeats, who is President of the com- 

Part of the propaganda was an address delivered by him 
on the scheme which he has so much at heart for establish- 
ing a fixed manner by means of notation for speaking verse. 

xxiv i The Irish Drama. 

I was unable to be present, but have heard his views before, 
and have heard Miss Farr speak or chant verse on his 
method, accompanying herself on a queer stringed instru- 

The important thing is the deliberate attempt to re-estab- 
lish what has never died out among Irish speakers 
a tradition of poetry with a traditional manner of speak- 
ing it. Put briefly, it comes to this: Mr. Yeats and many 
others wanted to write for Ireland, not for England, if 
only because they believed that any sound art must ad- 
dress itself to an audience which is coherent enough to 
yield a response. The trouble was that Ireland had lost 
altogether the desire to read, the desire for any art at all, 
except, perhaps, that of eloquent speech and even in that 
her taste was rapidly degenerating. What the Gaelic 
League has done is to infuse into Ireland the zeal for a 
study which, as Dr. Starkie says, " is at heart disinter- 
ested." What Mr. Yeats and his friends have done is to 
kindle in Ireland the desire for an art which is an art of 
ideas. No matter in how small a part of Ireland the desire 
is kindled, nothing spreads so quick as fire. 

It is noticeable that Mr. Fay's company has more and 
more limited its efforts to two types of play the prose 
idyll, tragic or comic, of peasant life, and the poetic drama 
of remote and legendary subjects. In the former kind a 
new dramatist has revealed himself, Mr. J. M. Synge, 
whose little masterpiece, ' Kivers to the Sea/ was the most 
successful of five plays produced by the company at the 
Royalty Theater in London in the spring of 1904. Mr. 
Synge had not been heard of before, but his work in prose 
is no less accomplished and complete than that of Mr. 
Yeats in poetry, in the days of poetic plays. " A. E.'s " 
6 Deirdre ' has been succeeded by Mr. Yeats' Morality ' The 
Hornglass,' written like it in cadenced prose, and this by 
4 The King's Threshold ' and < The Shadowy Waters.' In 
both of these plays we have heard Frank Fay and Maire nic 
Shiubhaigh speak beautiful and dramatic verse as it is 
seldom spoken, and in ' The Shadowy Waters/ especially, 
what the piece lacked in dramatic quality was made up by 
the mounting, which showed how much solemn beauty 
could be achieved with little cost from common materials 
handled by an artist. 

The Irish Drama. * xxv 

It is satisfactory to add that a theater has been ar- 
ranged in Dublin where these players will in future have 
the advantages of a proper stage, however modest its di- 

In September, 1903, we learn from an article by Mr. W. 
B. Yeats in Samhain that the movement, the beginnings of 
which Mr. Stephen Gwynn has chronicled in the foregoing, 
has grown to such an extent that the year's doings could not 
be described in detail. 

Father Dineen, Father O'Leary, P. Colum, and Dr. Hyde 
produced new plays which, with those by "A. E.," Mr. 
Cousins, Mr. Ryan, W. B. Yeats, Dr. Hyde, Lady Gregory, 
etc., were witnessed not only by thousands throughout the 
length and breadth of Ireland, but by large and apprecia- 
tive audiences in London as well. The Irish Literary 
Society of New York also has been active in presenting 
several of these plays, and the effect of the new-born Irish 
drama is being strongly felt in this country also. 

Let Lady Gregory say the last word on this subject : 

" There has always, on the part of the Irish people, been 
a great taste for dramatic dialogue. The ' Arguments of 
Oisin and Patrick ? are repeated by peasants for hours to- 
gether with the keenest delight and appreciation. Other 
dramatic i arguments ' appeal to them the ' Argument of 
Raftery with Death/ the < Argument of Raftery ..with 
Whisky,' or the argument between a Connaught herd and a 
Munster herd as to the qualities of the two provinces. 
These old pieces are recited and followed with excitement, 
showing how naturally the dramatic sense appeals to the 
Celtic nature. It is curious, therefore, that only now 
should Irish drama be finding its full expression, and not at 
all curious that it has taken such a hold upon the country. 
The dramatic movement has made really an enduring im- 
pression upon the life and intellectual activity of the 
people." [C. W. 

, seAri-Atm,&iri, 

t)U3me AS scAift HA 

^^AtUA, T)nUA, A^tlS T)tlAmA; 

16 tl-f5$ > OAftAlt> Atl 


-ti unit) e Act 1 

Ci'Ofirm'o infAn irnteAbAf\ oeijti'6 feo, fomptAi'oe Af\ 
$Ae>6eit5 nA nt)Aoine, rnAf "oo bi fi ACA m f An "DA ceAt) btiAt>An 
f o "oo cnAit) tAjAjvAinn, A^uf triA^ <D& fi ACA Anoif. Tli't ACC ntiA'6- 
te f AAit Ann f o, i CAitp-6 An tei$teoin A 
V An .cfeAn-^Aet)eit5 te consn-Afh n.A 
"oo tt5xMriA|\ mfnA h-imteAt)^ 1 ^ eite. tli 
Ae'beils Ann fo, oiji if |AO "6eACAif\ A cuigfinc "oo Aon t)tnne 
n-oeAi\nA fmiDeA^ACc fpeifiAtCA mnci. 
UA f^eAtcA, AttfVAin, i fi^it)ce nA n-OAome pein, te p^$Ait mfAn 
teAt5A|\ fo, i c^ CUIT) rh6|\ "oiot) fo fs^iobtA fiof te f5otAi|\it> 6 
t>eAt nA feAn-"OAoine 1 n-6i|\mn nA|\ ttug A "oceAn^A pein T>O 
nA "oo teigeAt). A6c c^ cuit) eite t>e, A^uf if ot)Ai|\ nA 
if ctifoe i ot>Aif\ nA f5i\i6t>noif\ ACA AS -oeAnArh tic|\i > o- 

T>O tfiumncin nA h-6i^eAnn int>iti, mA]i AUA An c- 
O tAO$Aif\e, SetimAf O T)ut)$Aitt, ConAn TTlAOt (tTlAC 
SeA$t)A), PAT)|\A15 O tAoAij\e, UomAf O h-Aot)A, An c 
O T)umnin, "UnA m ^eA|\Aitte, " U6|\nA " ] QAome eite. 

1f An->oeACAit\ An put) e beA]\tA ceAfic btAfOA t)o Cuf\ A|\ 

I^A if e mo t>A^ ArhAit nAC ttpuit Aon "oA teAn^A AH tAtArh nA 
ugeACcA if mo T)ipit\ eACOf\fA pem 'nA IA-O. A^tif ci-6 50 
) A Cotfi pAT)A fin 'nA feAfArh A|\ An Aon oiteAn, CAot) te 
if pio|\-t)eA5 An 10^5 "o'fA^ ceAnn ACA A|\ An gceAnn eite, 
if pioH-beA^An t)'f outturn nA "OAome tAt>|\Af 1A"O 6 n-A ceite. 

U.A f^oitce nA n-6i|\eAnn, pA|\AO|\ ! p,d fdutiugAt) -oAoine "O'A 

An UlAJAtCAf SACfAnAC An fU1Uflt1$At) O^fA, A^tlf t)1 nA 

OAome feo 1 scorhnui'oe 1 n-AAit) nA n^Ae'oeAt A^tif i n-A^Ait) 
ceAn^Ai!) nA cii\e. tli't eotAf AS T>tnne AJV bit ACA tuffi ACc oifveAT) 
te Af At no te butoig. O ceAt^A|\ "oe nA "OAOinib feo 'nA tnbjteiteArh- 
6 ctii|\ceAnnAib An X)ti$e, nAc bptnt pioc eotAif ACA AJA 
ACC c'f snAt-obAi]\ teo "OAome cionncACA T>O > OAO|\A > O, 
iAT) trmmncifi nA h-6i^eAnn, 'gxS 5C^ fA bi\eiteArhnAf 
AineotAif, fAT) A tnbeAtA, 1 -ocAoib nA neite bAineAf teo fem -j 
te nA *oui|\. UA feAf eite ACA 'nA uACCAjvAn AJ\ CotAifue nA 
if ftiAt nA n^Ae-oeAt An AIC fin Aguf C-A CUTO nion 



WE shall see in this last volume specimens of the ordinary 
Irish language of the people, as they have had it for the last 
couple of hundred years, and as they have it now. There is 
nothing but modern Irish to be found in this volume, and 
hence the reader must form his own opinion of the old Irish 
literature by the help of the English translations that have 
been given in the other volumes. We give here no old Irish, 
because it is too difficult to understand for any person who 
has not made a special study of it. 

There are stories, songs and sayings of the people themselves 
to be found in this book, and a great many of these have 
been written down by scholars from the mouths of old people 
in Ireland who did not know how to read and write their 
own language. But there is another portion of the book 
which is the work of the cleverest writers, the work* of writers 
who are making a modern literature for the people of Ireland 
to-day, such as Father Peter O'Leary, James Doyle, Conan Maol 
(O'Shea), Patrick O'Leary, Thomas Hayes, Father Dinneen, 
Miss O'Farrelly, Tadhg O'Donoghue, and others. 

It is a very difficult thing to put correct tasteful English 
upon Irish, for it is my opinion that there are no two languages 
in the lands of Christendom which differ more between them- 
selves than they do. And although they have been so long 
standing side by side upon one island, very little is the trace 
that either of them has left upon the other, and it is very 
little that the people who speak them have learned from one 
another either. 

The schools of Ireland also, are, alas, under the dominance 
of people to whom the English Government has given tte 
control over them, and these people have always been against 
the Irish, and against the language of the country. Not one 


An fluA'O'Licfi'deACt 

eile ACA nA nt)Aoinib-tiAif te f Ai-obf e 5.411 Aon e6tAf f peifiAtcA ACA 
Af fsoitdb n,d Af fsottujeAcc ; A^uf T>O toiftneAfs fiA-o SAet)- 
eit3 "00 rhunA'6 mf nA f^oitcib, no *oo tAbAifc teif nA fSotAifib, 50 
oui cfi no ceAtAf "oe btiAt>AncAib 6 f om. CA Atfu^^'O ^nn Anoif, 
j 50, 'ocugAit) X)M t)umn 50 mb^it) f 6 bu^n ! Hi rhe-Af Aim 50 JVAID 
Aon ci]\ eite A|\ tAt-Atfi nA Cfiofct>i$eACcA fi^ni, -A f AID -A 
fin T>e fSAnnAit te peicfinc innci Agtif t)o t)i i n- 


beA|\tA ACA ! Hi 
nA t,ici\i > oeACtA Af nA "OAomib, 

Af CA SAC oi-oeAf, stiocAf , cfionACc, Aguf f cAim *oo 
AnuAf CucA 6 n-A finnfeAj\Ait> fompA. ACc Anoif, niAf\ 
A]\ Conn^ A"6 nA gAe'oeilse c^ An J^ 6 " 061 ^? A 5 ceACc Cuici 
f em Af\if ; A^uf if f oiteif\ e Anoif, "oo'n "oorhAn A^A f AT>, m-d cA 
6i]te te beit 'nA n^ifiun A^ teit, no te belt J nA ftj"o A|\ bit ACC 
'nA Con"OAe $f AnnA &ACf AnAi$, (Aguf i A^ "oeAnAfh AitiMf 50 pAon 
fAnn fUA|\ An nCfAib nA SACfAnAC) 50 5CAitit> fl iompo-6 A|\ A 
ceAn^Ait) pein A]\if -j Uu|\it)eACc ntiAt!) CeAp^t) mnci. 

A^uf c 6i^e AS coftt^A'd Af fin -oo oeAnArh 6eAnA pein, -A^uf 
cA fomptAit)e Af A bpuit pi "o'-d "beAnAtn mfAn teAbAf fo. tli't 
lonncA f o 50 teif (obAif nA nt)eiC mbtiA'OAn f o 6tAit) tAff Ainn) 
ACC ceA-o-bt-AtA An eAff AI$. C-A An SAtfifAt) te ceACc p6f te 
congnAtii 'Oe; 


f O ptoititi, 6 tietiUACMiA-mtiice (Swinford 1 ml)e|ttA) -o'ttinif Ati 

fo t)o 

O ConcubAift 1 mb't'^rttiAiti, 6 A 

mife e. 

bl O Conc^bAif 'nA fi$ Af 6ifmn bi f6 'nA c6rhnui > 6e i 
ConnAtc: t)i Aon rhAC ArhAin Aige, A6c nuAif "o'^-Af 
ftJAf, bi f 6 piA-OxXin, ^5f niof f eut) An fi fmAcc -oo Cuf Aif j 
A toit pem Ai^e inp ^AC uite niftj 

The Modem Literature of the Irish Language. 3713 

of them knows anything about it, more than so many asses 
or bullocks. Four of these men are judges from the courts 
of law, who have no particle of knowledge about education; 
but since their ordinary work is to condemn the guilty, they 
condemn the people of Ireland, sentencing them to life-long 
ignorance about the things that concern themselves and their 
country. Another of them is the Provost of Trinity College, 
that place that is Fuath na nGaedheal, and a great number 
more of them are wealthy country gentlemen, without any 
special knowledge of schools or scholarship; and these men 
practically forbade the Irish language to be taught in the 
schools or to be spoken to the scholars until three or four years 
ago. A change has come now. God grant that it may be a 
lasting one! 

I do not think that there was ever any other country in 
the lands of Christendom in which such a scandal was to 
be witnessed as in Ireland masters and mistresses of schools 
who did not know a word of Irish, " teaching " ( !) children who 
did not know a word of English! It is no wonder that the 
spirit of literature was banished out of the people, and that 
all instruction, intelligence, wisdom and natural ability, that 
had come down to them from their ancestors before them, were 
driven out of them. But now thanks to the Gaelic League 
the Irish language is coming to itself again, and it is evident 
at last to the whole world that if Ireland is to be a nation 
apart, or anything at all except an ugly English county, 
(imitating, in a manner lifeless, feeble, and cold, the manners 
of the English), she must turn to her own language again, 
and create herself a new literature in it. 

And Ireland is beginning to do this, even already, and 
there are specimens of what she is doing in this book. These 
the works of the last ten years are yet nothing but the first 
spring blossoms. The summer is to come with the help of 


This story was told by one Laurence O'Flynn, from near Swinford, in 
the County Mayo, to my friend, the late F. O'Conor, of Athlone, from 
whom I got it in Irish. It is the eleventh story in the " Sgeuluidhe 
Gaodhalach." Douglas Hyde. 

When O'Conor was king over Ireland, he was living in 
Eathcroghan of Connacht. He had one son, but he, when he 
grew up, was wild, and the king could not control him, 
because he would have his own will in everything. 

3714 Ki$ An f AfAig t)uiD. 

Aon mAi-oin Am-din CUAI-O f AmAc, 
A cu te rA coif 

A f 6A^AC AH A t>O1f 

T>'A iomcAH, 

6 AH A$Ai-6, A$ AbAit fAinn Abn<in t>6 jrem 50 
fe com PAT* te fgeAtAc mop T>O bi A$ fAf AH 
. t)i feAn-"ouine tiAt 'nA fuit)e AS bun nA fgeiCe, 
OU&A1] c f e : "A rtiic An fi$, mA tig teAC irni|Ac Corn tn^it A J f 
15 ICAC AttjUn -oo $At)Ait, but) n^Ait tiom ctuiCe -o'lniiitc teAC." 
mAC Ati fi$ 5^1^ r eAn "' ou1ne mi-Ceitifbe "oo bi Ann, Ajuf 
g fe, CAit ff\iAn tA^ $eu5, Aguf fui"6 fiof le CAoib Ati 
cfeAn-t)uine tiAt. tAt\|\Ain5 feifeAn PACA cAfOAit) ATTIAC A$uf 
o* |riAp|Aui$ : " An "ocij teAC IAT) f o "o'lmif c ? " 
tiom," A]A f An mAc-fi$. 

imedfiAtnAoit) AI^ ? " Aft f An f eAn-'ouine tiAt. 
H bit if miAn teAC," AJ\ f An mAc-]\i$. 
50 teop, mA $n6tAiim-fe CAitpt) cuf A ni-b A^ bit A 
6 "beunAm t)Am, A^uf m-A $n6CAi$eAnn cufA, cAitpt) 
mife nit> AJ\ bit lA^pAf cuf A opm "beunAtfi "buicf e," Ap f An f eAn- 


m6 f AfUA," Aft f An mAC-tti. 

fiA-o An ctuiCe A^uf buAit An mAC fi$ An feAn -ouine 
tiAt. Ann nn *oubAi|\c fe, " c^eAtj *oo but!) miAn teAC mife "oo 
beunAm t>uic, A mic An fi$ ? " 

" Hi iA|\|\fAit> m6 ofc ni-6 A^ bit -oo -oeunAm -OAm," AJ\ f An 

niAc-f\i$, " fAoitim nAC bpuit cu lonnAnn m6^An t)o "beunAm." 
" 11^1 bAc teif fin," A^ f An feAn "ouine, " cAitpit) ci3 tAp|\Ai'o 

|\ y> ei5in "oo "beunArh, niojt CAitt m6 geAtt 
m6 A !oc. v 

fflAfl t)tibAii\c me, fAoit An mAC f\i$ su]\ feAn -ouine miCeittro 
t)o Di Ann, Aguf te nA f Af u$At) "oubAi^c f 6 teif * 

" t)Ain An ceAnn "oe mo teAfrhAtAi|\ A^uf CUIJA ceAnn 

AJ\ peAt) feA6crhAine 


" "OeunpAt) fin -ouic," AH f An feAn -ouine tiAt: 
An mAC |\i$ AS mAt\cui$eAcc AH A CApAtt, 

A cu te TIA coif 

-A f 6AtAC AH A DOIf, 

6 A AA1"6 AH AIC eite, A^uf nioH Cuimni$ f6 niof m6 
AH An feAn t>ume tiAt, 50 T>cAini5 f 6 A-bAite. 

puAiH f6 Ain -A^uf bn<3n mon in fAn ^cAifteAn. T)'innif nA 
feAHbfrOgAncAit) t)6 50 t)CAiTii5 -OHAoi-beA-ooiH AfceAc ' 
*n AIC A n^iti -An bAinniosAn Aguf gun cuin f 6 ceAnn 
t n-Aic A cinn f ein: 

The King of the Black Desert. 3715 

One morning he went out 

His hound at his foot, 

And his hawk on his hand, 

And his fine black horse to bear him, 

and he went forward, singing a verse of a song to himself, 
until he came as far as a big bush that was growing on the 
brink of a glen. There was a gray old man sitting at the 
foot of the bush, and he said, " King's son, if you are able to 
play as well as you are able to sing songs, I should like to 
play a game with you." The King's son thought that it was 
a silly old man that was in it, and he alighted, threw bridle 
over branch, and sat down by the side of the gray old man. 

The old man drew out a pack of cards and asked, " Can 
you play these? " 

" I can," said the King's son. 

" What shall we play for? " said the gray old man. 

" Anything you wish," says the King's son. 

"All right; if I win, you must do for me anything I shall 
ask of you, and if you win I must do for you anything you 
ask of me," says the gray old man. 

" I'm satisfied," says the King's son. 

They played the game, and the King's son beat the gray 
old man. Then he said, "What would you like me to do 
for you, King's son?" 

" I won't ask you to do anything for me," says the King's 
son, " I think that you are not able to do much." 

" Don't mind that," said the old man. " You must ask mo 
to do something. I never lost a bet yet that I wasn't able to 
pay it." 

As I said, the King's son thought that it was a silly old 
man that was in it, and to satisfy him he said to him " Take 
the head of my stepmother and put a goat's head on her for 
a week." 

" I'll do that for you," said the gray old man. 

The King's son went a-riding on his horse 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand 

and he faced for another place, and never thought more about 
the gray old man until he came home. 

He found a cry and great grief before him in the castle, 
servants told him that an enchanter had come into the room 
where the Queen was, and had put a goat's head on her in place 
of her own head. 




t.Aim, if 

ni-6 6 fin, 

"O.A mbeit>mn f^ 11 tnbAite t)o bAinpnn -AH ceAnn "oe te mo ctAit)- 

fe fiof A 
> o'j:iAff\ui$ fe "66 -An f\Aib iof Aige CIA An CAOI 

Uom fin inn- 



An nit) feo t)o'n bAinf\io$Ain. 

T)tJ1C," A^ f 61f 6An, 

tei5 An mAC -|M$ Ai-p p6in 50 

t>einiin ni 

-A cu le tiA coif 

A f CAt)AC Afl A t)O1f 

e6tAf Af bit 


50 oc^inis f6 Corh fA*OA teif An 
AI\ b|\uAC An $teAnnA. t)i An f eAn T>ume tiAt J nA 
Ann fin p AOI An f^eiC A^uf *oubAi|\c f6 : " A tine An f\i$, 
ctuice A^At) An'oiu ? " tuiftmg An mAC JM$ Ajuf t)tibAi|\c : 
teif fin, CAit fe An ffiAn tA|\ $et>5, Aguf ftn-6 fiof te 
An cfeAn "oume. tJA|\f\Ain5 feifeAn nA cAfOAit) Am AC, A^tif 
"oe'n rhAC fi$ An bp uAip f 6 An nit) -00 $notAi f e AnT>e. 
" U^ fin ceAfc 50 te6|\," AJ\ f An mAC fi$. 
** 1meof AmAoiT) A^ An ngeAtt ceu'onA An*oiw, J> AJ\ f An feAn 
oume tiAt. 

" "C& me f-dfCA," Aft f An mAC fi$. 

T)'imif fiAt), A^tif $n6tAi$ An mAC fi$. " CfeAT* "oo but) rniAn 
mife -00 OeunAtfi t)uic An c-Am f o ? " AJ\ f An feAn mime 
SmiiAin An mAC fi$ A^tif iDtibAifc teif f em, " beuffAit) m6 
obAif\ cfuiAit) t>6 An c-Am f o." Ann fin "oubAifc f e : " T^S pAif\c 
feAcc n-ACfA A^t cut CAifte^m m J AtA^, biot) fi tionuA Af mAiT)ii. 
AmA|\A6 te bAt (buAib) ^An Aon bei-pc ACA "oo belt AJ\ Aon t)At, A|\ 
Aon Aiffoe, no AH Aon Aoif ArhAm." 

" t)eit) fin "oetmuA," Ap f An feAn "ouine tiAt: 

An mAC ^1$ -AS mA|tci$eAcc AJ\ A CApAtt, 

A cu te TIA coif 

A f6AOAC Aft A t)O1f, 

A$Ait) A-bAite. "bi An fig 50 b|A<5nAC i -ocAoib nA 
t)i "ooccuifit) Af n-uite AIC i n-6ifmn, ACC niop fr 
fiA"o Aon rhAic "oo "OetinAm "61. 

Af mAiT)in, tA A|\ nA rh-dfAC, ctiAit) mAOf\ An fi$ Am AC 50 moc,- 
A^uf 6onnAifC fe An p.Aif\c A|\ Cut An CAifteAm tioncA te bAC 
(buAib) A^uf 5An Aon bei^c ACA *oe 'n "OAt ceu'onA no "oe'n 
f eut>nA, no *oe'n Ai|\T)e ceu'onA. *O'imti5 fe AfceA6, Aguf 
Ce An f^eut lon^AncAC t>o'n |\1$. *' Ceifi$ Aguf ciom-din 
fAn fi. "puAif An mAon fif, Ajuf cuAit) fe te6 

The King of the Black Desert. 3717 

"By my hand, but that's a wonderful thing," says the 
King's son. "If I had been at home I'd have whipped the 
head off him with my sword." 

There was great grief on the King, and he sent for a wise 
councillor and asked him did he know how the thing happened 
to the Queen. 

" Indeed, I cannot tell you that," said he, " it's a work of 

The King's son did not let on that he had any knowledge 
of the matter, but on the morrow morning he went out 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 
And his fine black horse to bear him, 

and he never drew rein until he came as far as the big bush 
on the brink of the glen. The gray old man was sitting there 
under the bush and said, "King's son, will you have a game 
to-day? " The King's son got down and said, " I will." With 
that he threw bridle over branch and sat down by the side 
of the old man. He drew out the cards and asked the King's 
son did he get the thing he had won yesterday. 

" That's all right," says the King's son. 

" We'll play for the same bet to-day," says the gray old man. 

" I'm satisfied," said the King's son. 

They played the King's son won. " What would you like 
me to do for you this time? " says the gray old man. The 
King's son thought and said to himself, " I'll give him a hard 
job this time." Then he said, " there's a field of seven acres 
at the back of my father's castle, let it be filled to-morrow 
morning with cows, and no two of them to be of one colour 
or one height or one age." 

;< That shall be done," says the gray old man. 

The King's son went riding on his horse, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 

and faced for home. The King was sorrowful about the Queen ; 
there were doctors out of every place in Ireland, but they 
could not do her any good. 

On the morning of the next day the King's herd went out 
early, and he saw the field at the back of the castle filled with 
cows, and no two of them of the same color, the same age, 
or the same height. He went in and told the King the 
wonderful news. " Go and drive them out," says the King. 
The herd got men, and went with them driving out the cows, 

3718 tti An MAi t)uib. 

ciotnAinc nA nibo AniAC, AC tii tuAice CuijvpeA-6 f6 AtriAC Ap Aon 

CAOlb 1AT) 'nA ClUCf-At) f1A"0 AfCeAC AfV An CAOlb Cite. CuAlt) An 

"oo'n |M$ Apif, -A^uf "oubAijAC teif nAC'Df.A'6 An rneAt) 
bi 1 n-6if\mn nA bAt fin -00 bi f An bpAijAc T>o Cup AtriAC. " 1f 

bAC X>]AAO1 > 6eACCA 1A"O," Afl f An f\1$. 

HuAif\ 6onnAipc An mAC-pi$ nA bAt, "oubAittc f6 teif p6in : 
[ * t)6it) cluiCe eite ^^rn ceif ^n f eAn "ouine tiAt Ant>iu. n *O'imti$ 
An tfiAi-om r in > 

A cu te nA coif 

A f 6A5AC A|1 A fcOlf 

-A'f A GApAtt b|teA5 "oub "D'A iom6A|t, 

niop tAjA^ms f6 f^iAn 50 oc^mis f6 Coif) pA-OA teif An 
f bf\uAC An gteAnnA. t)i An feAn "ouine liAt Ann fin 
T> ? iAf\jt f6 A1|\ An mbeitieAt) ctuiCe c^ixtJAit) Aige. 
AJ\ f An mAC f 1$ ; " ACc c^ fiof AJA^O 50 mAit 50 "oci^ 
tiom tu bAtAt) AS imipc c^t\T)A." 

" t>6it> cttiice eite AgAinn," A|\ f An feAn -ouine tiAt. "Aj\ imif\ 
cu UAtdi'O AiArh ? " 

50 "oeiriiin," A^ f.\n mAC f\i$ ; " ACc fAoitim 5;o 
bf.uit cufA ^6 feAn te tiAC|\6it) "o'lmipc, A^;uf Cop teif fin ni't 
Aon -die A^Ainn Ann f o te n'imi|\c." 

" tn^ CA cuf A urhAt te n-iminn, seobAit) mif e AIC," Af f An feAn 
oume tiAt. 

" UAim urhAt," Ap f An mAC fi$. 

" teAn mif e," Af f An feAn x>uine tiAc. 

teAn An AC pi$ e cpi-o An n^teAnn, 50 oc-An^A'OAf 50 cnoc 

5tAf. Ann fin, cA|\|\Ain5 fe AHIAC ftAicin 
"oubAipu f.octA nAp tuis mAC An pi, Aguf fAoi CeAnn 

An cnoC Aguf CuAi-6 An bei^c AfceAC, A^uf CuAi-6 fiAt> 
Cfvi-o A t^n T>e h^ttAib b]\e^$A 50 ocAnsA'OAf AniAC i ns^ifvoin. t)i 
5AC uite nit) niof bf\e^A 'nA Ceite in fAn n5Ai^t)in fin, Aguf Ag 
bun An $AipT)in bi Aic te tiACp6it> *o'irnifc. 

fiA-o pior^ AI^SI-O f uAf te f.eicfinc CIA ACA mbei^eAt) t^rii- 
f.uAi|\ An feAn x>uine tiAt fin. 

Ann fin, Aguf niop fCA"o AI feAn "oume j;u|\ 
fe An ctuiCe. Hi j\Aib tiof AS An mAC f^$ c|\6At) t>o 
fe; ^AOI -fteoit) -o'friAppuig fe t>e'n CfeAn--oume cpeAt) 
oo but) rhAit teif 6 T>O "6eunArfi 1)6. 

" 1f mife Ui$ A|\ An b^AfAC *Oub, A^uf CAicpi* cuf A me f.em 
A^uf m'ic-C6riitiui'oe "o'f AAit AmAC f.Aoi CeAnn IS Aguf btiA"6Ain, 
n6 geobAit) mife tufA AmAC A^uf CAittpt) cu "oo CeAnn." 

Ann fin cuj; f e An mAC |\i AniAC An beAtAC ceu*onA A 
f6 AfceAC. 'Of^i'o An cnoc $tAf 'nA "61A1$ A^uf -o'lmtig An 
t)ume tiAt Af 

The King of the Black Desert. 3719 

but no sooner would he put them out on one side than they 
would come in on the other. The herd went to the King again, 
and told him that all the men that were in Ireland would not 
be able to put out these cows that were in the field. " They're 
enchanted cows," said the King. 

When the King's son saw the cows he said to himself, " I'll 
have another game with the gray man to-day ! " That 
morning he went out, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 
And his fine black horse to bear him, 

and he never drew rein till he came as far as the big bush 
on the brink of the glen. The gray old man was there before 
him, and asked him would he have a game of cards. 

" I will," says the King's son, " but you know well that I 
can beat you playing cards." 

" We'll have another game, then," says the gray old man. 
" Did you ever play ball?" 

"I did, indeed," says the King's son; "but I think that 
you are too old to play ball, and, besides that, we have no 
place here to play it." 

" If you're contented to play, I'll find a place," says the 
gray old man. 

" I'm contented," says the King's son. 

" Follow me," says the gray old man. 

The King's son followed him through the glen until he came 
to a fine green hill. There he drew out a little enchanted rod, 
spoke some words which the King's son did not understand, 
and after a moment the hill opened and the two went in, and 
they passed through a number of splendid halls until they 
came out into a garden. There was everything finer than 
another in that garden, and at the bottom of the garden there 
was a place for playing ball. They threw up a piece of silver 
to see who would have hand-in, and the gray old man got it. 

They began then, and the gray old man never stopped until 
he won out the game. The King's son did not know what he 
would do. At last he asked the old man what would he desire 
him to do for him. 

" I am King over the Black Desert, and you must find out 
myself and my dwelling-place within a year and a day, or 
I shall find you out and you shall lose your head." 

Then he brought the King's son out the same way by which 
he went in. The green hill closed behind them, and the gray 
old man disappeared out of sight. 

3720 Rig An AfAi 

CuAit> -An triAC fug AS mAjvcuiseAcc AJ\ A 

-A cu te nA coif, 

-A feADAC Aft A OOlf, 

bf <3nAc 50 

An cj\AtnonA fin, T>O bfeAtnuig ^vn f\i$ 50 ^Aib bpon 
buAit)fveAt> mo|\ Afi An mAC 65, Asuf nuAijv cuAit) fe 'nA 

An jus ^5r 5 AC uae *uine -oo bi in fAn ^CAifleAn 
Aguf fiArhAtAi-O uAit). t)i An f\i$ pAoi b|A6n ceAnn 
oo belt A|V An tnbAinjM'ojAin, ACc but) rheAfA 6 feACc 
nAi|\ t)'innif An niAc t)6 An fgeut, niA|\ CA^IA 6 tuf 50 

A|A C6rhAi]\teoi-t\ cjvfonA, A^uf o'pAp^uig f6 -06 An 

C1A An A1C A j\Alb An Tli$ A|\ An bpAfA6 T)ub 'nA 


" Tli't, 50 -Deitum," A|\ f eif eAn ; " ACc Corh cmnce A J f cA ^ubAtt 
(eA]\bAtt) AI\ An SCAC munA bpxi$Ait) An c-oi-o^e 65 An T)fVAOit)- 
eAT>6i|\ fin AniAt, CAilLp-o f6 A CeAnn." 

t)i b]\6n mC|\ i ^CAifteAn An fi$ An tA fin. t)i ceAnn 
Af An mbAinfvio^Ain, A^uf An niAC-i\i$ "out AS c6fui$eACc 
eA-odfA, 5An friof An ociticpAt) fe A|\ Aif 50 t>e6. 

UA-J\ eif feACcrhAine [*oo] bAineAt) An ceAnn 
|vio$Ain, A^uf cui|\eAt> A ceAnn pem ui|\|\i. HUAI^ CUAIAI'O fi An 
CA01 A|\ cui^eA-o An ceAnn ^AbAijA tii^i, tAimj; puAt m6f uijtfti 
AnA$Ait) An rhic |\i$, A^uf -oubAi^c fi : " TI-Afi tA^Ait) fe Af Aif 
be6 nA mAfib." 

AIA niAiTun, T)1A luAin, "o'f AS f e A beAnnAcc AS A ACAIJA A^uf AS 
A $Aot, bi A rhAlA-fiubAit ceAnsAUce A|t A -o^uirn, Asuf -o'lmti^ f e, 

-A cu te HA coif 

A f 6At)AC Af1 A OOlf 

CApAtt bjieAJ x>ub -O'A 

fe An tA fin 50 jtAib An $fiAn imtiCe fAoi fs^ite tiA 
Scnoc, Asf 50 j\Aib "oo|\cAt)Af nA n-oit)6e AS ceAcc, 5An 
ciA'n Aic A bftngfeAt) f6 ICifcin. t)feAtnui$ fe coitt 
tAoib A tAin'ie ct6, AstJf tA^fAins fe tn|\|M corh CApA 

fe, te f uit An oi"6ce T>O CAiteAtfi fAoi fAfs^"o nA 
fe fiof fAoi bun cf Ainn rh6if "OAitAC, o'fofSAit fe A 
fiubAit te biAt) ] -oeoc -oo 6AiteArh, nuAif connAifc f e iotA|\ 
AS CCACC cuise. 

" HA biot) f Aicciof o|\c f\6rhArn-f A, A rtnc fi. Aitm$im Cu, if 
cu niAc tJi ContubAif fi$ 6ifeAnn. 1f CA^\ AIT> me, A^wf mA tusAnn 
cu t)o cApAtt "OAni-f A te cAbAi^c te n'lte T>O ceicjve eAntAit OC|\ACA 

The King of the Black Desert. 3721 

The King's son went home, riding on his horse, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 

and he sorrowful enough. 

That evening the King observed that there was grief and 
great trouble on his young son, and when he went to sleep 
the King and every person that was in the castle heard heavy 
sighing and ravings from him. The King was in grief a 
goat's head to be on the Queen ; but he was seven times worse 
when they told him the (whole) story how it happened from 
beginning to end. 

He sent for a wise councillor and asked him did he know 
where the King of the Black Desert was living. 

" I do not, indeed," said he, " but as sure as there's a tail 
on a cat, unless the young heir finds out that enchanter ho 
will lose his head." 

There was great grief that day in the castle of the King. 
There. was a goat's head on the Queen, and the King's son 
was going searching for an enchanter, without knowing 
whether he would ever come back. 

After a week the goat's head was taken off the Queen, and 
her own head was put upon her. When she heard of how 
the goat's head was put upon her, a great hate came upon 
her against the King's son, and she said, " That he may never 
come back alive or dead ! " 

Of a Monday morning he left his blessing with his father 
and his kindred, his traveling bag was bound upon his shoulder, 
and he went, 

Hi hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 
And his fine black horse to bear him. 

He walked that day until the sun was gone beneath the 
shadow of the hills and till the darkness of the night was 
coming, without' knowing where he could get lodgings. He 
noticed a large wood on his left-hand side, and he drew 
towards it as quickly as he could, hoping to spend the night 
under the shelter of the trees. He sat down at the foot of a 
large oak tree, and opened his traveling bag to take some food 
and drink, when he saw a great eagle coming towards him. 

" Do not be afraid of me, King's son; I know you, you are 
the son of O'Conor, King of Ireland. I am a friend, and i 
you grant me your horse to give to eat to four hungry birds 


ACA AgAm, beAffAit) mife niof f time 'n-d -oo beA^f At> t>o 

tu, Aguf b'ei-oip 50 5cuif\finn t\\ Ap tops An ce ACA cu 'coi\ui$- 

teAC An CApAtt "oo beit A^At) A^uf f Aitce," A^ fAn ITIAC 
$, " cit> 5i\ bfvonAC me 45 f5A|\AmAinc teif ." 
" UA 50 mAit, beit> mife Ann f o AJ\ mAiT)in AmAf At te 
nn fin t)'pof5Ait fi A job 

A t)A tAOlb AnAJAlt) 'A 
Af AtTIA|\C. 

T)'it Atif t)'6t An rriAC fl$ A f^it, Cui|\ An 
A^uf nioit bpA^A 50 
50 X)CAini5 An c-iolA 

n-Atn "oumn belt '5 imteACc, CA AifceA]\ PAT>A jAdrhAinn, bei|\ 
AJ\ -00 n^iAtA A^uf teim ftiAf A^ mo -OtAuim." 

, mo b^6n ! " A|\ feifeAn, " CAitpit) me rsAjvArhAinc te mo 
te mo feAbAC." 
" V(A biot) b|\6n 0|\c," A^ fife ; " bei-6 fiAt) Ann f o i\6mAt) 

nA1|\ tltlCf Af CU Al\ Alf." 

Ann fin t6im fe fiiAf A-p A > ot\tiim, $tAC fife fpAtAn, A^uf Af 
50 bjAAt teite 'fAn Ae^. tJu^ fi e tA^\ cnocAib A^tif gteAnncAib, 
moi|\ A^uf CA^ coittcib, guf fAOit fe 50 fVAib fe Ag 
An -oottiAin. tluAi^ bi An $|\iAn AS -out fAOi f^Aite nA 
jcnoc, t-dims fi 50 CAtAm i tAi\ fAf AI$ mOif , A^uf -oubAi^c teif : 
" teAn An CAf An A^ tAoib t)o tAime -oeife, Aguf beAff Ai-6 fe tti 
50 ceA6 CA^At). CAitpiti mife fitteAt) Afi Aif te fotAtA^ "oo 

teAn feifeAn An CAfAn, A^tif niot\ bfAT)A 50 TCAini5 fe 50 T>CI 
An ceAc, A^uf cttAit) f e Af ceAC. t)i f eAn-'otune tiAt 'nA f tnt>e 'fAn 
gcoi^neutt ; T>'ei]ti$ fe i t)tbAi|\c, " Ceut) mite f Aitce pCrhA'o, A 
rhic Hi$ Af tlAt-CfiuACAn ConnACc." 

" lli't e6tAf A^Am-f A o|\c," Af fAn mAC f\i$. 

" t)i Aitne A^Am-f A AJ\ t)o feAn-AtAi^ ," Af fAn f eAn t>uine tiAt ; 
" f tuft fiof ; if T>6ig 50 bf uit CA|\C A^uf octuif o^c." 

" tli't me f Aojt UAtA," A|t fAn mAC fi$- t)uAit An feAn *ome A 
6A boif AnA$Ait> A Ceite, A^tif tAini^ bei^c f eif\bif CAC, A^uf teAg- 
At)Ai\ boi\T> te mAi^c-f:e6it, CAOi^-peoit, mmc-peoit Agtjf te neAfit 
A|\Ain i tAtAi^ An rhic fig, A^tif "oubAifc An feAn t>tnne teif : " 1t 
Aguf 6t "oo fAit, b'ei"oif 50 mbut) f AT>A 50 bftn^fit) cu A teiteit) 
A^if." T)'it A^tif t)'6t fe oi|veAX) A^tif but) miAn teif, 
btn-oeA6Af Af A f on. 

Ann fin -DubAi^c AH feAn ouine, " cA cu -ottt A 
An ^Af AI$ *6uib ; cei^i$ A^ cot)tAT!) Anoif, A^tif f\ACAit> mife 
mo teAb|\Aib te feuCAinc An "005 tiom Aic-comntufte An i\i$ 

The King of the Black Desert. 3723 

that I have, I shall bear you farther than your horse 
would bear you, and, perhaps, I would put you on the track 
of him you are looking for." 

" You can have the horse, and welcome," says the King's 
son, " although I am sorrowful at parting from him." 

" All right, I shall be here to-morrow at sunrise." With 
that she opened^ her great gob, caught hold of the horse, struck 
in his two sides against one another, took wing, and 
disappeared out of sight. 

The King's son ate and drank his enough, put his traveling 
bag under his head, and it was not long till he was asleep, 
and he never woke until the eagle came and said, "It is 
time for us to be going, there is a long journey before us; 
take hold of your bag and leap up upon my back." 

"But my grief! " says he, "I must part from my hound 
and my hawk." 

" Do not be grieved," says she, " they will be here before 
you when you come back." 

Then he leaped up on her back; she took wing, and off 
and away with her through the air. She brought him across 
hills and hollows, over a great sea, and over woods, till he 
thought that he was at the end of the world. When the sun was 
going under the shadow of the hills she came to earth in the 
midst of a great desert, and said to him, " Follow the path on 
your right-hand side, and it will bring you to the house of a 
friend. I must return again to provide for my birds." 

He followed the path, and it was not long till he came to 
the house, he went in. There was a gray old man sitting 
in the corner. He rose and said, " A hundred thousand 
welcomes tc you, King's son, from Rathcroghan of Connacht." 

" I have no knowledge of you," said the King's son. 

" I was acquainted with your grandfather," said the gray 
old man. "Sit down; no doubt there is hunger and thirst 
on you." 

" I am not free from them," said the King's son. 

The old man then smote his two palms against one another, 
and two servants came and laid a board with beef, mutton, 
pork, and plenty of bread before the King's son, and the old 
man said to him, " Eat and drink your enough.^ Perhaps it 
may be a long time before you get the like again." 

He ate and drank as much as he desired, and thanked him 
for it. 

Then the old man said, "You are going seeking for the 
King of the Black Desert; go to sleep now, and I will go 



fin ofA'sAit AmAc. Ann fin, buAit f e A bof A ; t-Amis feif bif CAC, 
A^uf "oubAifc f 6 teif " UAbAif An IDAC fi$ 50 t>ci A feomf A." Cuj 
fe 50 feomfA bfeA^j e, AjjUf niof bfAT)A guf ttnc fe J nA cotitAt). 

Af mAi'oin, tA Af nA m^fAc, t^im^ An feAn "ouine Aj^uf "oub- 
Aif c : " 6ifi$, cxS Aif ceAf f A-OA f orhA-o. CAitpt) cu cui5 ceu-o 
mite "6etinArh ^oirti meAiion-tAe." 

" tli fJeu'op-AiTin e t)o t)ettnArh," Af f An triAC |\i$.' 

U, t)6Af|?A1 > 6 mife CAp-Alt t)tl1C 

1f IA-Q 

mAf\ oeAfi^f cuf A, Ajt f An mAC f\i$. 
An feAn "owine neAi\c le n'iCe A^tif te n'6t "06, 
t>i f 6 -pAtAC, tus f e 5eA|\|\-An beA$ b^n "06, 
ceA-o A 6mn 'oo'n $eA]A|\An, A^tif nuAi 
Aej\ A^tif peicpi-6 cu c|\i eAtAit>e Corn ^eAt te 
pin C|\i in$eAnA Tli$ An lf4f AI$ t)it). t>eit) nAipicm 
eAtA ACA, fin i An in^eAn if 6156, A^uf ni't neAC t>e6 

til "00 tAttAI^C 50 C1$ R1$ An "fAfA1$ t)tllE> A6C 1. HUA1|\ fCOpfAf 

An 5eA|t|\An, beit) cu 1 nAj\ "oo toC ; ciucp Ai"6 nA Cfi eAtAi*6e 50 
CAtArn Aft E>f\uAC An toCA fin, A^uf "oeunfAiT) c-piup rnn^S (t>An) 65 
T>iot> fem, A^tif fACAit) fiA"o AfceAC 'fAn toC A^ fnArh A^tif A^ 
fine. Con^bAi^ "oo fuit A]\ An nAipicin gtAf A^uf nuAijt $eot)Af 
cu nA mnA 6^A 'f An toC, ceifi$ A^uf f A$ An nAipicin Ajuf 
teif . Uei|M$ 1 bf otAC f AOI Cf Ann A^uf nuAip tuicf A1"6 nA trm-A 
AmAC, "oeunf A1-0 bei|\c ACA eAtAit>e t)iob fein A^iif imteGCAi-O 
'f An A6]t. Ann fin, oeAff A1-6 An m$eAn if Ci^e, " "OetinfAit) me 
mt) A^ bit "oo'n ce beA|\f Af mo nAipicin OAm." UAJA i t-dtAi^ Ann 
fin, A5f t* ;A1|\ An nAipicin "of, i AbAijt nAC bfuit nit) AJ\ bit Ag 
ceAfcAt UAIU, ACC tjo tAbAifvc 50 ci$ A ti-AtAp, Agtif mnif -01 5|t 
mAC i\i$ tti Af cijA CumAccAi$/ J 

Hmne An mAC fi$ ^AC nit) mA|\ "oubAifc An feAn x>uine teif, 
A5f nuAit\ t5 fe An nAipicin -o'lngm tli$ An ^fAi 
Ai|\c f e : " 1f mife mAC tli ConcubAi|\, Ttt ConnACc. 
50 "oci t)'AtAi|\ : f A-OA me t)'^ t6|\ui$eAcc." 

** n^tt bpeA^p *o uic i6 "it) ei^m eite t)o t)etinAni 

" W!'t Aon nit) eite AX; ceAfc^t uAirn, Af f eif eAn. 
tAif b^AnAim An ceAC x>uic nAC mbeit) cu f ^fC 
Af feifeAn. 

" Anoif ," Af fif e, " Af -D'AnAm nA n-innif t)o m j AtAif ^f mife 
oo tt5 Cum A tie-feAn tu, Agiif beit) mife mo cAfAit) itiAit 
t)ic ; A^tif tei5 ofc fem," Af fif e, " 50 bf uit mof-curhACc 


AJA fife. 

" T)eunf AT> mAf T>eif cu, Af 

The King of the Black Desert. 3725 

through my books to see if I can find out the dwelling-place 
of that King." Then he smote his palms (together), and a 
servant came, and he told him, " Take the King's son to his 
chamber." He took him to a fine chamber, and it was not 
long till he fell asleep. 

On the morning of the next day the old man came and said, 
" Rise up, there is a long journey before you. You must 
do five hundred miles before midday." 

"I could not do it," said the King's son. 

" If you are a good ride]? I will give you a horse that will 
bring you over the journey." 

" I will do as you say," said the King's son. 

The old man gave him plenty to eat and to drink and, 
when he was satisfied, he gave him a little white garran and 
said, " Give the garran his head, and when he stops look up 
into the air, and you will see three swans as white as snow. 
Those are the three daughters of the King of the Black Desert. 
There will be a green napkin in the mouth of one of them, 
that is the youngest daughter, and there is not anyone alive 
except her who could bring you to the house of the King of 
the Black Desert. When the garran stops you will be near 
a lake, the three swans will come to land on the brink of 
that lake, and they will make three young women of them- 
selves, and they will go into the lake swimming and dancing. 
Keep your eye on the green napkin, and when you get the 
young women in the lake go and get the napkin, and do not 
part with it. Go into hiding under a tree, and when the 
young women will come out two of them will make swans 
of themselves, and will go away in the air. The*i the youngest 
daughter will say, ' I will do anything for him who will give 
me my napkin.' Come forward then and give her the napkin, 
and say that there is. nothing you want but to bring you to 
her father's house, and tell her that you are a king's son from 
a powerful country." 

The King's son did everything as the old man desired him, 
and when he gave the napkin to the daughter of the King 
of the Black Desert he said, " I am the son of O'Conor, King 
of Connacht. Bring me to your father. Long am I seeking 

" Would not it be better for me to do something else for you? " 
said she. 

" I do not want anything else," said he. 

" If I shciw you the house will you not be satisfied? " said 


g An 

Ann fin finne f i eAtA t>i pem A$uf "oubAif c : " l6im f UAf Af 
mo mum, Aguf cuif "00 tArhA fAoi mo mumeAt, Aguf conjbAig 
5feim cfUAi"6." 

ftinne f6 AmtAit), A$uf CfAit fi A fsiAcAnA, -| Af 50 bf At tite 
tAf cnocAib A 5 f tAf gteAnncAib, tAf muif A$uf tAf fteibcib, 50 
fi 50 CAtAm mAf T>O bi An gfiAn A 5 ^^^ PAOI. Ann fin 
fi teif : " An bpeice^nn cu An ce^C mot\ fin tAtt ? Sm 
tAf\. St^n te^c. Am AJA bit 
mife te "DO t^oib." Ann fin t)'imti$ fi 

An mAC -^1$ 6w An cie, CUAI* Afce^e, A^uf CIA 
Ann fin 'nA ftii-be i scAtAoif 6i|\, ACc An feAn -otune 
cAfVOAit) Agtif An tiAtjv6iT> teif. 
, A mic |\1$," A|\ f eifeAn, " 50 bf UAI|A cu me AmAc 
bUAt>Ain. C-i fA-o 6 o'fr-As cu An bAite ? " 
" A|\ mAit)in Ant)iu, ntAi|\ bi me Ag 6i|\$e Af mo teAbtut), conn- 
AI|AC me ctiA$-ceAtA, ^mne me teim, fSA^ me mo t)^ Coif AIJ\, A^uf 
fleAmnAi$ me Com f AT>A teif feo." 

" T)A|\ mo tAm, if m6i\ An $Aif5i-6eA6c T>o ^mne cu," AIA f An 




t\u"o niof longAncAige 'n-d fin t>o oeunAm, 
A|\ fAn mAc |\i$. 

neite A^Am -ouic te -oeunAm," Af fAn feAn fig, 
teAC IA"O "oo "OeunAm, beit) fo$A mo tfiuif 
mAf mnAoi, A$uf munA "ocis teAC lAt) T>O "beunAm, 
cu "oo ceAnn mAf 6Aitt cuit) mAit T>e "dAoimb OJA f orhAT)." 

Ann fin -oubAifc f e, " Tli bionn ite nA 6t m mo ci$-f e, A6c 
Aon uAif Arh-Am 5 f An cfeAccrhAin, A^uf bi f A^Ainn Af mAiiDin 


" 1f cumA tiom-f A," Af fAn mAc fi$ ; " ci^ tiom cf of^At) "oo 
oeunArh Af feAt) miofA T)^ mbei'oeA'6. CfUA*665 Ofm." 

" 1f t)6i$ 50 -Deis teAC "out 5An Co-otAt) mAf An 5ceut)nA 
fAn feAn f i$. 

Uom 5An Arhf Af," Af fAn mAc fi$. 

teAbui-6 cfUAit) A^A-O Anocc mAf fin, 
fig ; " CAf tiom 50 t)CAif beAnf A1"6 m6 "ouic e." 
Ann fin e, -j tAifbeAn fe "06 cfAnn m6f A^u 
Aifc : " Ueifig f UAf Ann fin Aguf cot)Ait m fAn 
bi fei"6 te tveifge nA ^feme." 

CuAi-6 f 6 fUAf m fAn ngAbtois, ACc com tuAt 
fig 'nA Co'otA'O, tAinis An mgeAn 65 A^uf tug AfceAC 50 feomfA 
e, A^uf Con^bAij; fi Ann fin e 50 fAib An feAn fig Af ci 

Ann fin cuif fi e AmAC Afif 1 ngAbtois An 6f Ainn. 
te h-eifge nA ^feme, tAimj An feAn fig cui^e A^uf -oubAifC, 

Af fAn 

f e AmA6 
Aif, -] t)ub- 

bi An feAn 

Th? King of the Black Desert. 3727 

" I will be satisfied/' said he. 

" Now," said she, " upon your life do not tell my father that 
it was I who brought you to his house, and I shall be a good 
friend to you, but let on," said she, "that you have great 
powers of enchantment." 

" I will do as you say," says he. 

Then she made a swan of herself and said, " Leap up on 
my back and put your hands under my neck, and keep a 
hard hold." 

He did so, and she shook her wings, and off and away with 
her over hills and over glens, over sea and over mountains, 
until she came to earth as the sun was going under. Then 
she said to him, " Do you see that great house yonder? That 
is my father's house. Farewell. Any time you are in 
danger I shall be at your side." Then she went from him. 

The King's son came to the house and went in, and whom 
should he see sitting in a golden chair but the gray old man 
who had played the cards and the ball with him. 

" King's son," said he, "I see that you found me out before 
the day and the year. How long since you left home? " 

" This morning when I was rising out of my bed I saw a 
rainbow; I gave a leap, spread my two legs on it and slid 
as far as this." 

" By my hand, it was a great feat you performed," said 
the old King. 

" I could do a more wonderful thing than that if I chose," 
said the King's son. 

" I have three things for you to do," says the old King, " and 
if you are able to do them you shall have the choice of my 
three daughters for wife, and unless you are able to do them 
you shall lose your head, as a good many other young men 
have lost it before you." 

Then he said, "there he's neither eating nor drinking 
in my house except once in the week, and we had it this 

"It's all one to me," said the King's son, "I could fast 
for a month if I were on a pinch." 

" No doubt you can go without sleep also," says the old King. 

" I can, without doubt," said the King's son. 

"You shall have a hard bed to-night, then," says the old 
King. " Come with me till I show it to you." He brought 
him out then and showed him a great tree with a fork in it, and 
said, " Get up there and sleep in the fork, and be ready with 
the rise of the sun." 


An f AfAi t)uib; 

AnuAf Anoif, i CAJA tiom-fA 50 "ocAifbeAnfAit) me "61111: An 
nit) AcA ASAT) te T)eunArh AnTmi." 

fe An mAC |\1$ 50 bj\UAC toCA -j tAifbeAr p "66 feAn-CAif- 
teif, " CAit JAC mte CtoC 'f An scAifteAn pn 


AtriAC 'fAn toC, 1 biot) re "oeuncA ASAT> feAt mA T>ceit)eAnn An 
fAoi, cjAAtnonA." T)'imti$ p6 uAit) Ann fin. 

An mAC -|A1$ AS obAif, ACc bi nA cto^A 5^ eAniu1 te "D'A" 
Corh c|\tAit) pn, nA"|A fretit) f6 Aon CtoC ACA "oo COsbAit, A^uf 
mbenieAT!) f6 AS obAi^ 50 T>ci An t^ -po, ni t>ei'6eA > 6 ctoC Af ATT 

Suit) re fiof Ann fin AS fmuAineA > & cf\eAT) "oo 
t)6 t>eunArh, AS^T "1^ tipA-oA 50 "ocAinis mgeAn An 
^15 6tiise, T oubAifc, " CA-O e -pAt "oo b^6m ? " X)'itinif f6 t>i An 
obAi|\ "oo bi Aise te "oetinArh. " HA cuij\eAti pn b|\on o|\c ; "oeun- 
pAit) mife e," A|\ Pfe. Ann pn Cus p Ajvdn, mAi|\cpeoit -| pion 
06, tAtMVAins Am AC ftAicin "o^Aoi-beACcA, buAit buiUe A^ An c-f eAn- 
CAifteAn, Asf pAoi CeAnn m6imi'o bi s A6 tl1 ^ e Ctoft "oe AJ\ bun 
An toCA. " Anoif," A|\ fife, " nA ti-mnif "oo m'AtAijA su^ mife "oo 
l\mne An obAitv t)tnc." 

bi xxn $fiAn AS "out PAOI, c^AtnonA, tAims An feAn |\1$ 
> oubAi|\c : " peicim 50 bpuit "o'cbAip tAe "oeuncA ASAT)." 
" UA," At\ fAn mAC f\i$, " cis tiom obAif\ A^ bit T>O t>eunAm." 
SAOit An feAn ]M$ Anoif s f^ib ciimACc m6|\ OfVAoitteACcA AS 
An mAC f\i$, AS^T "oubAijAC teif, " Se -D'obAifv tAe AmA|\AC nA ctocA 
oo tosbAit A/* An to6, Asup An CAifteAn t>o Cu|v AJ\ bun mA|\ bi 
rt CeAnA." 

An niAC f\t$ A-bAite Asf "oubAi^c teif, " Uei|\i$ -00 

1C 4 f A1t) Cu An oit)ce 
6uAit> An 

e cum A feom|AA pem, 
An ' 

e 1 nsAbtCis An c|\Ainn." 
te ti-eip$e nA ^neme. tAims An feAn 
i n*Am "OU1C "out scionn t)'oib|\e." 

" Hi't T>eipi]A Ap Die O^m," Afv fAn mAC 
50 "OC15 tiom m obAijt tAe "6eunAm 

f6 s bfUAC An toCA Ann pn, ACc n'o^ feuT) fe ctoC 
bt An c-uifse Com -oub pn. Suit) f fiof AJA CALAIS ,* 
nio^t bfA"OA 50 -ocAims ponnsuAtA, but) n-e pn Ainm ingme 
An cfeAn pi, Cuise, A$uf T>ubAi^c : " CAT) cA ASAT) te "oeunAth 
AnT)iu ? " "O'mniv fe t)i, Asf T)ubAi^c p' : " HA biot) b|\6n OJAC ; 
cis tiom-fA An obAif pn "OeunArh t)uic." Ann pn tus fi t)d 
A^An, mAi^tr-peoit, As^f CAOif\-f e6it Asf p'on. Ann pn tAffAins 
fi AmAC An cftAicin T)^Aoit)eACcA, buAit uif se An toCA teite, A$uf 

tAims An m$eAn 65 
ConsbAi$ Ann pn e 50 
Ann pn Cui|\ fi ATTIAC 

** UA fe 

mA|\ cA fiof 

ITie King of the Black Desert. 3729 

He went up into the fork, but as soon as the old King was 
asleep the young daughter came and brought him into a fine 
room and kept him there until the old King was about to rise. 
Then she put him out again into the fork of the tree. 

With the rise of the sun the old King came to him and 
said, " Come down now, and come with me until I show you 
the thing that you have to do to-day." 

He brought the King's son to the brink of a lake and showed 
him an old castle, and said to him, " Throw every stone in 
that castle out into the loch, and let you have it done before 
the sun goes down in the evening." He went away from him 

The King's son began working, but the stones were stuck to 
one another so fast that he was not able to raise one of them, 
and if he were to be working until this day, there would not 
be one stone out of the castle. He sat down then, thinking 
what he ought to do, and it was not long until the daughten 
of the old King came to him and said, " What is the cause of 
your grief? " He told her the work which he had to do. " Let 
that put no grief on you, I will do it," said she. Then she 
gave him bread, meat, and wine, pulled out a little enchanted 
rod, struck a blow on the old castle, and in a moment every 
stone of it was at the bottom of the lake. " Now," said she, 
" do not tell my father that it was I who did the work for you." 

When .the sun was going down in the evening, the old King 
came and said, " I see that you have your day's work done." 

" I have," said the King's son; " I can do any work at all." 

The old King thought now that the King's son had great 
powers of enchantment, and he said to him, "Your day's 
work for to-morrow is to lift the stones out of the loch, and to 
set up the castle again as it was before." 

He brought the King's son home and said to him, " Go to 
sleep in the place where you were last night." 

When the old King went to sleep the young daughter came 
and brought him into her own chamber and kept him there 
till the old King was about to rise in the morning. Then 
she put him out again in the fork of the tree. 

At sunrise the old King came and said, " It's time for you 
to get to work." 

" There's no hurry on me at all," says the King's son, 
" because I know I can readily do my day's work." 

He went then to the brink of the lake, but he was not able 
to see a stone, the water was that black. He sat down on a 
rock, and it was not long until Finnuala that was the name 

3730 tti An AAi t>uib. 

ceAnn moimiT) bi -An feAn-CAifteAn AJ\ bun mA|\ bi fe An tA" 
j\oime. Ann fin "oubAif\c fi teif : " Af "D'AnAm, n-d n-innif T>O 
m'AtAit\ 50 n'oeAjmAi'd mife An obAif feo *6uic, no 50 bptnt eotAf 
AJ\ bit ASAT> ojtni." 

U|VAtn6nA An tAe fin, tAinis An f eAn |\i$ Asf "DubAi^c, 
50 bfuit obAif\ An tAe "oeuncA ASA*O." 

" UA," A|\ fAn niAC JM$, " obAi|\ f 6i-"OetincA i fin ! " 
Ann fin fAoit An feAn |\1 50 -pAib niof m6 CurhACc 

g An niAC -|\1$ 'nA -oo bi Ai$e -pem, A^uf T)ubAitAC fe : " tli't 
Aon fu'o eite A^AT) te "oeunArh." Cuj; f6 A-bAite Ann fin 6, -j 
Ctii|\ f 6 6 te cot)LAt> 1 n5Abtoi5 An CjVAinn, ACc tAini^ 
T Cuip fi m A feomj\A p6in e, Aguf A|\ niAiT)in, Ctnj\ fi 
A|\ An gcfVAnn e. te n-6ij\$e nA 5|teme, tAim^ An feAn 

*otibAi]AC teif : " UA|\ tiom 50 "ocAif beAnf Ait) me t)tnc 


fe An niAC ^1$ 50 ^leAnn m6f, A^uf CAifbeAn -oO cobAf, ; 
oubAi|\c : " CAitt mo rhAtAif\-m6|A f Ainne m fAn cobAf fin, 

e feAl m& "oceit) An $^ 1An P A01 > cfAtnonA." 
Anoif bi An cobA|\ fo cetit) C|AO1$ A|\ "donrine 

^uf bi fe UoncA te n-uif^e, Aguf bi AtAm Af ippionn 
An f Ainne. 

o'imd$ An feAn |\i$, txSimj; ponnguAtA 
CA-O cA A^A-O te -oeunAm An-oiu ? " T)'innif f e 
fi, " 1f t)eACAi]\ An obAi|\ i fin, ACc "oeunf Ait) me mo "oitdott te 
op beAtA T>O fAbAit." An fin tu^ fi "66 mAif\cp eoit, A^An, A^tif 
fion. Hmne fi fi-oeAC * t>i fem Aguf etiAi-6 fiof 'f An cobA|\. 
nio]\ bfA-OA 50 bpACAi-0 f6 -oeACAt A^tif cmnceAC AS teACc AmA6 
Af An cobAf, A^tif co|\An Ann n\&\( coifneAC AJ\T>, A^tjf "oume A|\ 
bit "oo bei'oeA'o AS eifceACc teif An co^An fin fAoitpeAt) fe 50 
^Aib A|\m if|\mn AS c^ 01*0. 

PAOI CeAnn CAmAitt, o'lmtijg An T>eACAC, toifs An cmnceAC Asf 
An coi^neAC, ASf tAims 'pionngwAtA Aniof leif An bfAinne. 
SeACAiT) fi An -p Ainne t>o rhAC An JM$, Asf T>ubAiju; fi : " Jn6tAi$ 
me An CAt, ~\ CA T>O beAtA fAbAtcA, Ate fet>6, CA tAi^i^cin mo 
tAime "oeife bfifce. ACc b'eiT)i|\ s u 1^ A-dAmAit An ni"6 

e. HtJAi^ tiucfAf m'AtAin, nA cAbAi^t An fAinne "66, 

e s c-puAit). t)eA|\fAi-6 fe tu Ann fin te T>O beAn -00 
, Asf fed An CAOI -beunf Af cu -oo fo$A. t)eit) mife 
mo t)ei|\bfiufACA 1 feom^A, bei'O pott AJ\ An "oo^Af, -j 
ite Af tArhA AmAC mAjA C-ptiimifsin. Ctn^p'O ctifA "DO tAm 
An bpott, Asuf An tAm ConsboCAf cu 5f eim tnf^i nuAi|\ 

no f ui-oeAc = " 

The King of the Black Desert. 3731 

of the old King's daughter came to him and said, "What 
have you to do to-day?" He told her, and she said, ''Let 
there be no grief on you. I can do that work for you." Then 
she gave him bread, beef, mutton, and wine. After that she 
drew out the little enchanted rod, smote the water of the lake 
with it, and in a moment the old castle was set up as it had 
been the day before. Then she said to him " On your life, 
don't tell my father that I did this work for you, or that you 
have any knowledge of me at all." 

On the evening of that day the old King came and said, 
" I see that you have the day's work done." 

" I have," said the King's son, " that was an easy-done job." 

Then the eld King thought that the King's son had more 
power of enchantment than he had himself, and he said, " You 
have only one other thing to do." He brought him home then, 
and put him to sleep in the fork of the tree, but Finnuala came 
and put him in her own chamber, and in the morning she 
sent him out again into the tree. At sunrise the old King came 
to him and said : " Come with me till I show you your day's 

He brought the King's son to a great glen, and showed him 
a well, and said, " My grandmother lost a ring in that well, and 
do you get it for me before the sun goes under this morning," 

Now, this well was one hundred feet deep and twenty feet 
round about, and it was filled with water, and there was an 
army out of hell watching the ring. 

When the old King went away Finnuala came and asked, 
" What have you to do to-day? " He told her, and she said, 
" That is a difficult task, but I shall do my best to save your 
life." Then she gave him beef, bread, and wine. Then she 
made a sea-bird of herself, and went down into the well. 
It was not long till he saw smoke and lightning coming up 
out of the well, and (he heard) a sound like loud thunder, and 
anyone who would be listening to that noise he would think 
that the army of hell was fighting. 

At the end of a while the smoke went away, the lightning 
and thunder ceased, and Finnuala came up with the ring. 
She handed the ring to the King's son, and said, "I won 
the battle, and your life is saved. But, look, the little finger 
of my right hand is broken; but perhaps it is a lucky thing 
that it was broken. When my father comes do not give him 
the ring, but threaten him stoutly. He will bring you then 
to choose your wife, and this is how you shall make your 
choice. I and my sisters will be in a room, there will be a 



m J AtAif\ ^n t)ot\Af, if i fin t^rh -An ce beit>eAf 454-0 mAj\ 
teAC mife x>'Aitrie AJA tno tAnbifcin bjufce." 

tiorn, Aguf 5^ At> mo ct\oit>e tu, A ponnguAtA," A|\ fAti 


An tAe fin, tAinij; An feAnr |\1$ 
cu fAinne mo mAtA^ moi|\e ? " 

50 "oeimm, AI\ f An mAC |\1$ ; " t>i 
, ACc t>tiAit mife IA-O, A^uf GuAitpnn A -peACc n- 
fMOf A^A-O sut\ ConnACcAC m6 ? " 

t)Am An pAinne," AI\ f An f eAn -pig. 

5 "oeimin, ni tiutt^At)," AJ\ f eif eAn ; " Cf 01*0 m6 50 
A fon ; ACC CADAI^ -OArh-fA mo beAn. CeAfCAi$' uAim 

An f eAn t\i Af ceAC e, Aguf -OUDAI^C, O mo 
-peomf\A -pin IT)' tAtAi^. UA tAm ^AC Aom ACA fince AmA6, 
An ce 6onst>6CAf cu 5^eim uiffti 50 bpof^otAit) mife An 
, fin i t)o t>eAn." 

An mAC j\i$ A tAtfi cfi-o An bpott t)o tri A]\ An t)O|\Af, 
fe s^ 61111 A V t-iirft An tAit>if\cin t>^ifc 

i|\, 5t>t\ f of^Ait An f eAn fi$ "oof\Af An 
" 'S i f e<3 mo beAn," A|\ f An mAC ^1$ ; " cAbAip t>Am Anoif 

" Tlf't "oe f pf 6 Aici te f AAit A6c CAoit-eA6 t>onn te fib -no 
CAbAi|\u AbAite, Aguf nA^ tA^Ait) fib A-|\ Aif, be6 n^ mA|\b, 50 

066 ! " 

CUAI* An mAC tu$ ] ^ionn$UAtA A^ mAfctngeACc A^ An scAoit- 
eAC t)onn ; Aguf nio^ bfAt)A 50 -ocAnsA^A^ 50 -oci An Coitt J n A^ 
f-A]5 An mAC i\i A cu Aguf A f eAbAC. "bi fiAt) Ann fin f oime, mA|\ 
Aon te nA CApAtt bf\eA$ "oub. Cui^ f6 An c-eAc CAOt "oonn Af 
Aif Ann fin. Ctni\ fe ponn^uAtA Ag mA|\cui$6Acc A|\ A CApAtt, 
teim fUAf, e pein, 

u te ti- 

A fCAtbAC 4f1 A boif , 

nio^ fCAt) f^ 50 t)c^mi5 fe 50 TIAt 

t)t fAitce m6]\ -|\oirhe Ann fin, A^tif niof bfAt)A 5|\ p6fA'6 6 
m Aguf "pionn$uAtA. CAit fiAt> beAtA frAT)A fetinrhA^, ACC if 

mA cA tO|\5 An cf eAn-CAifteAin te f A$Ait An^iu i 
Ain ConnAccj 

The King of the Black Desert. 3733 

hole in the door, and we shall all put our hands out in a 
cluster. You will put your hand through the hole, and the 
hand that you will keep hold of when my father will open 
the door that is the hand of her you shall have for wife. You 
can know me by my broken little finger." 

" I can ; and the love of my heart you are, Finnuala," says 
the King's son. 

On the evening of th t day the old King came and asked, 
" Did you get my grandmother's ring? " 

" I did, indeed," says the King's son; " there was an army 
out of hell guarding it, but I beat them; and I would beat 
seven times as many. Don't you know I'm a Connachtman? " 

" Give me the ring," says the old King. 

"Indeed I won't give it," says he; "I fought hard for it; 
but do you give me my wife, I want to be going." 

The old King brought him in and said, " My three daughters 
are in that room before you. The Hand of each of them is 
stretched out, and she on whom you will keep your hold until 
I open the door, that one is your wife." 

The King's son thrust his hand through the hole that was 
in the door, and caught hold of the hand with the broken 
little finger, and kept a tight hold of it until the old King 
opened the door of the room. 

" This is my wife," said the King's son. " Give me now 
your daughter's fortune." 

" She has no fortune to get, but the brown slender steed 
to bring you home, and that ye may never come back, alive 
or dead ! " 

The King's son and Finnuala went riding on the brown 
slender steed, and it was not long till they came to the wood 
where the King's son left his hound and his hawk. They were 
there before him, together with his fine black horse. He sent 
the brown slender steed back then. He set Finnuala riding 
on his horse, and leaped up himself. 

His hound at his heel, 
His hawk on his hand, 

and he never stopped till he came to Rathcroghan. 

There was great welcome before him there, and it was not 
long till himself and Finnuala were married. They spent a 
long prosperous life; but it is scarcely that (even) the track 
of this old castle is to be found to-day in Rathcroghan of 



AH em 

A 6AnAi$ An Ctiit 

Le A t\Aib m6 feAt 1 n 

CU V^TS A11 t>eAtAC f O, 

ni Cairn cu T>O 




Ann mo 

i$e mo 
te *OiA 50 5 

bmn A 
An tA 6 
AS f uit te btAf -oo 


fAoit me A 

^o mbut) $eAtAC A^uf 5|MAti tti; 
f Aoit me 'nnA X)1A1$ -pin 
50 mbut) fneAtcA AI\ An CfliAb 
fAoil m6 'nn A t)iAi$ fin 
50 mbut) tCCjAAnn o "OiA tu, 
Ab uu An -peutc-eotAif 
T>ul fv6rhAm A'f mo t>iAi$ tuj 

cti fiot)A f fAicm t)Am 

CAttA1X)e 'f b^6A 4|VOA, 

A'f $eAtt cu CAJA eif fin 

50 teAnfA cf\ix> An cfn^rii me; 
Til mAfi ftn ACA m6 

A6c mo f$eA6 1 mbeut 

noin A*f ^A6 mAiT)in 

AS feucAinc age m' AtA|\; 



[Translated by Douglas Hyde in " Love Songs of Connacht."] 

Ringleted youth of my love, 

With thy locks bound loosely behind thee, 
You passed by the road above, 

But you never came in to find me ; 
Where were the harm for you 

If you came for a little to see me ; 
Your kiss is a wakening dew 

Were I ever so ill or so dreamy. 

If I had golden store 

I would make a nice little boreen 
To lead straight up to his door, 

The door of the house of my storeen ; 
Hoping to God not to miss 

The sound of his footfall in it, 
I have waited so long for his kiss 

That for days I have slept not a minute. 

I thought, O my love ! you were so 

As the moon is, or sun on a fountain, 
And I thought after that you were snow, 

The cold snow on top of the mountain ; 
And I thought after that you were more 

Like God's lamp shining to find me, 
Or the bright star of knowledge before, 

And the star of knowledge behind me. 

You promised me high-heeled shoes, 

And satin and silk, my storeen, 
And to follow me, never to lose, 

Though the ocean were round us roaring 1 ; 
Like a bush in a gap in a wall 

1 am now left lonely without thee, 
And this house, I grow dead of, is ail 

That I see around or about me. 




x\ bpAT> 6 fom, in fAn c-feAn-Aimfin, t)i bAinc^eAbAC 
Ainm bfM'^it) tli $fiA-oAi5, J nA comnui-oe 1 5Cont>A6 nA 
t)i Aon rhAc AmAin AICI "OAft b'Ainm UAt>s. Hu^At) 6 mi CAJ\ eif 
bAif A AtAf i tAfv coitte bise Aicinne "oo bi AS fAf AJ\ tAoib Cnuic 
"oo'n 05. x\^ -ATI At>bAtA fiti, $Aijt nA t>Aome Coif\tiin TIA 

eAf-xMtim Aif\. t^im^ cmne^f ob^nn 
t)i -pi ^5 fe6Uv6 nA mb6 


f6 50 mAi 50 i\Aib f 6 ceit|te bliAt>n.A "o^oif, A6c 6n ^m fin 
niot\ fr^f f 6 otvotAC 50 -p^ib f 6 CIAI bti-A'OnA "oeu^, no nio|\ Cui|\ 
cof PAOI te coifc6im -oo fiubAt, ^Cc o'peu'opyt) f 

50 te<5f\ A|\ A t)A tAlttl A^Uf A^ A tAOlb flA|\, A^Uf 

f 6 Aon "oume AS ceACc Cum An cie, "oo buAitpeAt) f6 A t>4 
pAoi, A^uf -00 |\ACAt> f6 "o'Aon tim Atfi^in o'n ceine 50 t>ci 
An > oot\Af ; A^uf "oo Cui^peAt) ceut) mite police poirh An c6 tAmig. 
m6|\ A^ Aoif 615 An bAHe AI^, mAfv -oo eibeAt> fiAX) 5^ eAnn 
5A6 tute oitiCe. C'n Am bi f6 feACc mbLiAt>nA t) J Aoif, bi 

oo bi 'n 

fe AJ\ A 

c6mnuit>e 1 n-Aon ci$ leif . 1n 

Uf A|\ A tAOlb-flAJ\ ftJAf A|\ tAOlb An CnU1C, T 

nA h-Aicmne mA|\ $AbA|t. t)f AbAnn beAj Ann, 




AbAinn Com n-A6f\eAC te 

"but) f eAn-$o5Ait)e An m^tAi|\-m6f\. t)i fi 
bAtb, A^uf b'iomt)A C|\OIT> t)o blot) Aid pem 

Aon tA AmAin, T)ubAi|\c An rhAtAi|\ te 



me, A 




b|Aeit)in, A$uf nuAi|\ beit>eAf f 6 "oeuncA 
cAittiu|\ te cei]tt) t)'fro$tuim. n 

f A UAt>5, " ni h-e fin An 
tli't m fAn cAittiuft ACc An nAorhA-o CUIT> 
ci5 ceijvo Afi bit t)Am, -oeun piobAi^e t)iom cA fpeif 
m fAn ^ceot." 
mA|t fin," 

fi Cum An bAite m6i|t teif An 
buACAittit) beA^A An bAite 50 t\Aib An 

pOC ^AbAI^ t)O bi A5 pA1T>ln t)ACAC O 

Coijtnin AS mAfcuigeACc Aif. Af 50 

An tA 'nA t>iAi fin, 

O Cormcut>Aifi -oo 

me Ati fjeAt fo. 



(Translated by Douglas Hyde.) 

LONG ago, in the olden time, there was a widow, whose name 
was Bridget O'Grady, living in the County Galway. She had 
an only son, whose name was Teig. He was born a month 
after his father's death in a little wood of furze that was grow- 
ing on the side of a hill near the house. For that reason the 
people called him " Coirnin* of the Furze " as a nickname. 
The poor woman was suddenly taken ill as she was driving 
the cows up the side of the hill. 

"When Teig was born he was a fine infant, and grew well 
till he was four years of age, but from that time on he did not 
grow an inch until he was thirteen, nor did he put a foot under 
him to walk a step, but he was able to go quickly enough on 
his two hands and his back, and if he would hear anyone 
coming to the house he would strike his two hands under him, 
and would go of a single leap from the fire to the door, and 
he would put a hundred thousand welcomes before whoever 
came. The youth of the village liked him greatly, for they 
used to get great amusement out of him every night. From 
the time he was seven years of age he was handy and useful 
to his mother, and to his grandmother who was living in the 
one house with him. In the harvest time he used to go on 
his hands and his back up the side of the hill, and he used to 
be eating the furze blossoms like a goat. There was a little 
river on it there, between the house and the hill, and he used 
to go over the river of a leap, as airy as a hare. 

The grandmother was a silly old woman ; she was deaf and 
almost dumb, and many was the fight herself and Teig used 
to have. 

One day the mother said to Teig, " Teigeen, I must put a 
leather seat on your breeches ; I'm destroyed buying frieze, and 
as soon as I have it done, you must go to a tailor to learn a 

" By my word," says Teig, " that is not the trade I'll have. 
A tailor is only the ninth part of a man. If you ^ give me a 
trade at all, make a piper of me. I've a great liking for the 

" Let it be so," says the mother. The day after that she 
went to the town to get the leather, and when the little lads of 

* Pronounced " Curneen." 

3738 Coipnin nA n-Aicmne. 

teif An bpoc, AS meiptc corh n-AflT) Astif t>'f etm f e, -j 
A rhtnti AS fsneA'OAOit mAj\ "cume Af A ceVtt, Le fAicciof 50 
fe, Asuf buACAittit> ATI bAite 'nA "OIAI^. tus An poc 
AJ\ botxin p^it)in, Asuf nuAijA connAifc p4it)in An poc i 

iflAf AC AS CeACC, fAOlt fe JUjt b'e An feAtl-bUACAltt "DO bi AS 

'nA 6omne. tlio|\ fiubAit pAi*oin coifc6im te feACc mbtiAt)- 
i\oirhe fin, A6c, nAi|\ ConnAi^c f6 An poc AS ceAcc AfceA6 
A|\ An "oo^Af, CUAI* f6 "D'Aon t6im AniAC AJ\ An bptunne 

A|\ nA cOrhA|\fAnnAib 6 "oo fAbAit o'n "oiAbAt t)o bi 

An poc Ajt mi^ e, A^uf AHIAC A]\if teif Af An CCAC. T1uAi|\ 6onnAi^c 
ceAcc An TDA^A UAI^V, Af 50 b|\xSt teif, A^uf -An poc 
n A|\ A rhum 'nA "biAit). t)i At>AfvcA f At)A A^ An b|\oc, 
bi Sf 61111 An t 1 ^ bAit)ce AS Coi|\nin O|\|\A 
A|\ Aittirh, Aguf An poc t>'A teAnAttiAinu. t)'ei|\i$ An 

"OAome nA mbAitce A$ SAC CAOib "oe'n botA|\ AITIAC, 
t)e $-d|\CAoit ni |\Aib AjMArh 1 scont)Ae nA ^AitUnie 
fCA"o pAi-oin 50 n-oeACAit) fe AfceAc 1 scAtAi|\ nA ^AiUitfie Asf 
An poc -j A rhAfvcAC te nA f AtAib. "butt IA mAt^s-Ait) e Asuf b! nA 
ff\AmeAnnA tioncA te T>Aoimb. tofAig p^iT)in AS 5^"^ -^SUf 
AS 5A]\tAoit Ap nA "OAoimb e "oo f AbAit Astif bi fiAt)-f An AS "oeunArfi 
mASAi^ fAoi. CAit) f6 fAf f^Ait) Asf AntiAf ff\Ait) eite 
bi AS imteAcc 50 fAib An ^AY\ AS -out fAoi ' 

teO, ASf tAinis -otJit rh6f, Aip, cxn-o T>e nA n-ubtAib T>O belt 
Ss^oit fe A ^t 161111 A ^ -At)A]\CAibAn ptnc Asf cuAit) fe t>e teim 
ctAfv nA n-bAtt. Af 50 b^At teif An c-feAn-beAn Asf "o 
fi nA n-tibtA 'nA t)iAi$, oi|\ bi fi teAt-rhA|\b teif An f5Annf\At). 

Hioft bf A-OA bi Coi^nin AS ite nA n-ubAtt nuAi|\ tAims A 
1 t^tAi|\, Asuf nuAin 6onnAi|\c fi Coifnin, eA|\|\ fi to^s nA c|\oife 
1|V|\1 f em, i "OtJbAi|\c, " 1 n-Ainm t)e, A Coif\nin, CAT) T>O tts Ann 
f o C<J ? " 

" pAffi$ fin T>e pAiT)in O CeAttAi Asiif't)'^ poc 5AbAi|\ ; c4 
An C-A^O O|\u, A rh-dtAi]A, nAc bpuit mo ifiuineut b|\ifce." 

Cui|\ fi Coiftnin AfceAc m A p^Aifse Asf ts -ASAIX) An An 

Ace if AifceA6 An nit) tAntA T>O "pAi^in O CeAttAi. HUAI^ 
Coinnin teif An bpoc, teAn fe pAiT>in AITIAC A|\ An mb6tA|\ 
CAmis fAf teif, ctnf A t><S At)Aiitc PAOI, CAit AJI A > 6nuim e, 
nio|\ feAf s "ocAitiig fe A-bAite. tuintms p-di'oin AS An 
Asf tic An poc niAfb A\( An CAi]\fi$. CUAIX) pAit)in 'n4 
), 6i|\ bi fe teAt-rhApb Asuf bi fe mAtt 'fAn oix>ce, 

Coirnin of the Furze. 3739 

the village found that the mother was gone, they got a buck 
goat that belonged to lame Paddy Kelly, and they put Coirnin 
riding on it. Off and away with the buck, bleating as loud as 
he could, and Coirnin on his back screeching like a person out 
of his senses, with fear lest he should fall, and the boys of 
the village after him. The buck faced for Paddy's cottage; 
and when Paddy saw the buck and his rider coming he thought 
that it was the old boy that was coming for him. Paddy had 
not walked a step for seven years before that, but when he saw 
the buck coming in at the door he went of a single leap out 
through the window, and called on the neighbors to save him 
from the devil that was after him. 

The boys were laughing and clapping their hands till they 
set the buck mad, and off again with him, out of the house. 
When Paddy saw him coming the second time, off and away 
with him, and the buck with Coirnin on his back after him. 
There were long horns on the buck, and Coirnin had the 
" drowning man's grip " on them. Paddy faced for Galway, 
with the buck following him. The cry rose, and the people of 
the villages on each side of the road came out, and such shouting 
there never was before in the County Galway. Paddy never 
stopped till he came into the City of Galway, and the buck and 
his rider at his heels. It was a market day, and the streets were 
filled with people. Paddy began crying and yelling on the 
people to save him, and they were making a mock of him. 
He went up one street and down another street, and he was 
going until the sun was setting in the evening. 

Coirnin saw fine apples on a board, and an old woman near 
them, and there came a great wish on him to have a share of 
the apples. He loosed his grasp on the buck's horns, and went 
with a leap on the board of apples. Away for ever with the 
old woman, and she left the apples behind her, for she was 
half dead with the fright. 

It was not long that Coirnin was eating the apples, when 
his mother came by, and when she saw Coirnin she cut the 
sign of the Cross on herself, and' she said" In the name of 
God, Coirnin, what brought you here?" 

11 Ask that of Paddy Kelly and his buck goat; there's luck 
on you, mother, that my neck is not broken." 

She put Coirnin into her apron and faced for home. 

But it's curious the thing that Happened to Paddy Kelly. 
When Coirnin parted with the buck, the animal followed 
out on the high road, came up with him, put his two horns under 
him, threw Paddy upon his own back, and never stood still 

3740 Coipnin nA n-Aicinne. 

T>'eijM$ f6 AJA mdiT)in, nf f\Aib An poc te f A$Ait be<5 
T>ubAif\c nA "OAoine uite 50 mbut) poc OfAAoi'beAccA t)o bi 
Ann. A]\ CAOI AJA bit tu$ fe coifit)eAcc T)O pAi-oin O CeAttAi, 
ftut> nAc f\Aib 4150 te feAcc mbtiAtmAib jAoime fin. 

CuAit) An fseut CJAIT) An cij\, 50 scuAtAit) $AC uite feAp, beAn, i 
pAifoe i scon'OAe nA 5 A1 l-time > A 5 u f i r 10^ cujA-fiof "oo bi 
Aijt, |\oirh C|\Atn6nA An tAe fin. T)ubAit\c ctnt> 5Uf\ poc "OfAAoit)- 
edccA "oo bi i bpoc pAi-oin, i 50 ttAib fe t\Ann^Ai|\ceAC teif ; -oub- 
Ai|\c cult) eite 50 tnbut> ^eA]\ fft>e Coit\nin, A$uf 50 rnbut) c6i^ 
A -66$At). 

An oi"6ce fin, "o'lnnif Coi|\nin h-tnle ni"6 i "DCAoib nA CAOI t)o 
tug An poc 50 5 A1 ^ 1r " ^> 1 tAinis nA buACAitU'o 50 ceA6 "btxigiT) 
Hi 5t\At>Ai$, Ajuf bi 5^ eAriri m P ACA A 5 eifceACc te Coi|\nin A^ 
innpnc 1 "ocAoib nA mA|\cui$eAccA "oo bi Ai^e 50 5 A1 ^ 1t1?l A P niuin 
puic pAixun tli CeAttAig, A^uf JAC nit) tA|\tA teif AI\ peAt) An 

An oi"6ce fin, nuAift CuAit) Coijtnin A^ A teAbuit), tAini^ b|\6n 
ei^in Aif\, A^ttf i n-Aic co"OAtCA tofAi$ fe AS feic|tit. T)'f:iAft\ui$ 
A tfiAtAijt -be c]AeAT) t)o bi Aip. t)ubAit\c feifeAn nA6 

" nf t OJAC ACC f eAf 6iT)," A^A fife ; " f cop t>o Cuit) f eic^it, 
j teis "ouinn co-otA-6." Ace niop fcop fe 50 mAiTnn. 

A|\ niAi-om niott freut) fe 5^ e1tTI 'o'iCe, A^uf t)ubAittc fe te nA 
" RACAT) AmAc, 50 bf eicfi"6 me An nt>eunpAi > 6 An c-Ae|t 

50 n'oeunfA'b," A^ fife. 

l,eif fin, buAit fe A t)A tAirh f AOI, A^uf ciiAit) "o'Aon teim ArhAin 
t>ci An t)ot\Af, A^uf AtriAC teif. C5 f 6 A$Ai-6 AH nA n-AiceAn- 
nioj\ fCAt> 50 nt>eA6Ai > 6 fe AfceAc 'nA meAf^. 6in fe e 
pem it)i]\ "oA f^eA6 A^uf nio|A bf AT>A 50 j\Aib fe 'nA co'otAt). t3i 
bfiionst6iT) Ai^e 50 fAiD An poc te n-A tAoib, AS iAf\HAit) CAinc 
t>o 6u]\ AI^. "Ouifi$ f e, A6c 1 n-Aic An puic bi 
cAob teif, i T>tJbAi|\c fe, " A Coit\nin, n^ biot) 
fA. 1f CAJVA1T) me, ] cA me Ann fo te cdmAi^te -oo teAfA -oo 
t)uic, mA tACAnn cu Aim i. U^ cu T)O ctAi|\ineAC 6 
tu, i T>O cuif-mASAit) AS buACAittib An bAite. 1f mife An 
poc 5AbAi|\ t)o tug 50 ^Aittirh tu, ACC c^ me At^uijte Anoif 50 
oci An jviocc m A bfeiceAnn cu me. Hi freuT)f Ainn An C-ACJ\U$A > O 
50 "octisfAinn An rhAiACuigeAcc fin "otiic, A^uf Anoif cA 
o^ AJAUI. T)'freuT)f Ainn *oo teAf uAt) A|\ bAtt, ACC 
f At) nA c6mA^fAnnA 50 f Aib c f Ann-pAi]AceAC teif nA fit>e, 
ni freu'Of^ An bAj\AriiAit fin bAinc t)iob. UA cu "oo fuit>e Anoif 
50 t)i|\eAc m fAn AIC An ^usAt) tu, i c4 pocA 6if 1 
c|\oi$e t)o*o' tAoib-fiAf, A6c ni't cu te bAinc teif 50 f6it, 
ni freu'Of A uf Ait) rhAit *oo "6eunAm *6e. Uei|M$ A-bAite Anoif 

te T> 

Coirnin of the Furze. 3741 

till he came home. Paddy came off at the door, and the buck 
fell dead at the threshold. Paddy went to sleep, for he was 
half dead and it was late in the night, and when he arose in 
the morning the buck was not to be got alive or dead; and 
all the people said that it was an enchanted buck that was in 
it. Anyway it gave power to walk to Paddy Kelly, a thing he 
had not had for seven years before that. 

The story went through the country till every man, woman, 
and child in the County of Gal way heard it, and many was the 
version that was on it before the evening of that day. Some 
said it was an enchanted buck that Paddy had, and that he 
was in league with it; others said that Coirnin was a fairy 
man, and that it would be right to burn him. 

That night Coirnin told everything about the way the buck 
took him to Galway, and the boys came to Bridget O'Grady's 
house, and they had great fun listening to Coirnin telling 
about the ride that he had to Galway on the back of Paddy 
Kelly's buck, and everything that happened him throughout 
the day. 

^ That night when Coirnin went to bed some sorrow came over 
him, and instead of sleeping he began sighing. His mother 
asked him what was on him. He said that he did not know. 

" There's nothing on you but nonsense," says she. " Stop 
that sighing and let us sleep." But he did not stop till morn- 

In the morning he was not able to eat a morsel, and he said 
to his mother 

" I'll go out till I see if the air will do me good." 

" Maybe it would," says she. 

With that he struck his hands under him and went of one 
leap to the door, and out with him. He faced for the furze, 
and he did not stop till he came in amongst it. He stretched 
himself between two bushes, and it was not long till he was 
asleep. He had a dream that the buck was beside him trying 
to make him talk. He awoke, but instead of the buck there 
was a fine wizard man beside him, and he said, " Coirnin, 
don't be afraid of me ; I'm a friend, and I'm here to give you 
profitable counsel if you will take it from me. You are a 
cripple since you were born, and a laughing-stock to the boys 
of the village ; I am the buck goat that took you to Galway, 
but I am changed now to the form in which you see me. I 
was not able to get the change till I should have given you that 
ride, and now I have great power. I would have cured you on 
the spot, but the neighbors would have said that you were in 

3742 Coifuiin nA tt-Aicmne. 

50 ftAib tuib AS fAf te coif nA h-Aibne t>o t)uf\pv6 fiubAt 
tut t>uic ; AbAijA ATI f\ut) ceut>nA tei cpi mAi-om AntMAis A 
ceite, A$uf Cfei'Dpi-o fi 50 bpuit f6 fioft. HUAIJA ftAtAf cu A$ 
c6j\ui$eACc nA tuibe seobAit) cu i A$ fAf CAob-fiof oe'ti 
moij\ niseACAin ACA A$ bf\uAC nA n-Aibne ; c.At>Aift te-Ac i 

1, A^Uf 61 ATI f U$, A^Uf b^lt) CtJ 1OtinAn f AfA T)O |\1C 

bit in fAti bpAjtfAifce. 'b^i't) lon^AncAf AJ\ TIA 
Cc ni rhAi|\pit) fin A-bt^At). t)6it> cu c|\i btiAt)nA 
An 14 fin. UAJ\ J f An oit)6e Cum nA n-Aice feo ; bn& Ati pocA 

ACC A]\ "DO b6AtA COngbAlg "o'lnndnn A^AT) 

n-mnif T)o "buine Ap bit 50 bpACAit) cu mife. 1mti$ 
Anoif. StAn teAC." 

Coi^nin 50 n"oeuni:At) f6 JAC ni"6 "oubAijtc An S^UA^AC 
6 A-bAite, lutjAi^eAC 50 teC|\. "D^eAtnAig An 
Corh 5t^ UArTIA6 A 5 u f oi f 6 f u ^ & nx>eACAit) 
AtnAC, A^uf T>ubAii\c fi, " SAoitim, A tfiic, 50 n-oeAfnAit) An 
A6|\ rriAit "6U1C.*' 
" tlmne 50 "oeirhin," Ap feifeAn, " Aguf CAbAi^ f ut) te n'lte 

fin, 1 n-A"ic t>o beit A^ feic|\it, CoT>Ait f6 50 
Aft mAi-om oubAittc fe te n-A rh^tAi|\, " t)i bitionstdit 
A|\ei]A, A niAtAi|\. J 
" HA cAbAijt Aon A"ijvo A]\ OfiongtOfO,*' AI\ f An rhAtAif\ ; " 1f 

cuiceAnn fiA*o AniAC.** 

Coi|\nin An tA AS fmuAineAt) A|\ An scOttitvA-C) -oo b! 
teif An n5fiuA5A6 beA^, -] AJ\ An fAi"6b^eAf m6|t t)o bi te 
Ai^e; A|t mAit)in, tA AI\ nA niA|\AC, "oubAifu; f6 te 
" t)i An b|Mon5t6iT) bf eA 5 T 1n -^5^^ A^ei^ Af\ff." 

" 5o meA-OAi^i-b T)IA An rhAit, 7 50 tAg-oAi^i* S6 An c-otc," A 
f An rhAtAi^ ; " CuAtAit) m6 50 mime "oA mbeit>eAt) An b|\ion5t6i 
CeAt>nA A5 t)ume C|\i oi*6Ce Ant)iAi$ A Ceite, 50 mbeitieAt) fi p iop. 
An cttiorhAt) mAit)in, T>'ei|ti$ Coitvnin 50 moC A^uf -oubAifc f 
le n-A rhAtAi]A, " t)i An b|vion5t6it) bfveA$ fin A^AITI Aj\ei| 
, 6 tAftA 50 -ocAim^ f6 Cu^Am c^i oitxie Ant)iAi$ A 

te feuCAinc bfuit Aon ^ifinn mnci. ConnAi^c rn6 tuib 
m mo b|Aion5t6iT> t)o beAffAt) mo fiubAt A^uf mo tut OAtn." 

" An bf ACA1-0 cu m f An mb|vion5t(5ix) cA fAib An tmb Ag -pAf ? " 
A^ fAn mAtAi]\. 

" ConnAfCAf 50 tDeimm," AJ\ feifeAn ; " cA fi A^ f Af cAob teif 
An sctoiC moi|\ mgeAcAm ACA AJ\ bfUAC nA h-Aibne." 

" 5o oeimm, ni't Aon tuib AS pAf AnAice teif An sctoi6 ni$- 
fAn mAtAift ; " bi m6 *f An Aic fin 50 mime, A^uf ni 
T>f A"6 fi beit Ann 

Coirnin of the Furze. 3743 

league with the fairies, and you would not have been able to 
take that opinion from them. You are seated now in exactly 
the same spot you were born in, and there is a pot of gold 
within a foot of your back, but you are not to touch it yet, 
because you would not be able to make a good use of it. Go 
home now, and to-morrow morning tell your mother that you 
had a fine dream, that there was a herb growing beside 
the river that would bring walk and activity to you. Tell the 
same thing to her three mornings after each other, and she 
will believe that it is true. When you go seeking the herb, 
you will find it growing down from the big washing stone that 
is on the edge of the river. Take it with you, and boil it, and 
drink the juice, and you will be able to run a race against 
any boy in the parish. There will be wonder on the people 
at first, but that won't last long. You will be thirteen years 
old that day. Come in the night to this place. I will have the 
pot of gold lifted, but for your life keep your intentions to 
yourself, and don't tell any person at all that you saw me. Go 
now ; farewell." 

Coirnin promised that he would do everything the little 
wizard man told him, and he came home joyous enough. The 
mother observed that he was not so gloomy as he was before 
he went out, and she said 

" I think, son, the air did you good." 

"It did, indeed," says he, " and give me something to 
eat now." 

That night, instead of being sighing, he slept finely, and in 
the morning he said to his mother- " I had a fine dream last 
night, mother." 

" Don't give any importance to a dream," says the mother, 
" it's contrary they fall out." 

" Coirnin spent the day thinking on the discourse he had 
with the little wizard man and of the great riches he was to 
get. In the morning the next day he said to his mother I 
had that fine dream again last night." 

" May God increase the good and may He decrease the bad," 
says his mother. " I often heard that if a person^had the same 
dream three nignts after other, it would be true." 

The third morning Coirnin got up early and said to his 
mother, "I had that fine dream again last night, and since 
it chanced that it came to me three nights after other 1 11 go 
to see if there is any truth in it. I saw an herb in my dream 
that would give my walk and my activity to me." 

3744 Coipnin nA ti-Aicmne. 

11 t)'ei'oif\ 511^ f Af fi Ann 6 f om," A^f A Coi|\nin, " Aj;uf f ACAI<> 
mife T>A c6f\Ai;geAcc." 

t)UAit fe A t)A tAini f AO1, A^uf cuAit) t^Aon teim ArhAin 50 t)Ci 
An "oojvAf, A^uf AniAc teif. tlio^ bjrA'OA 50 i\Ait> fe A5 An jctoiG 
m$eACAm, Aguf puAift fe An ttub. tJug fe teimeAnnA mAf\ 1A"6 
A mbei-oeAt) 5At>A|t '$ teAnArhAinc, AS ceACc A-E>Aite te ceAnn- 


tr6 An tuit>. Cuij\ fiof "CAtti An pocA A^uf b^uit t)Am 6. 
Oui|\ An niAtAi^ An tuit> V^ n bpocA, A^uf cimCioU CA^CA 

Ajuf nuAit\ t)i fi b^uitce A^uf An fu ptiAjt, -o'dt Coi^nin 
Hi |\Ait> f6 m6imit) m A t>ot5 nuAi|\ feAf -p6 fuAf Af A 6ofAib 

A tflAtAI^. JOfA1$ fi A5 CAt)A1fU tTlite 5t6lf\ AJUf AtCU^At) "DO 

T!)IA ; Ann fin $^1^ fi A^ nA c6niA|\f AnnAit) Ajuf "o'lnnif T)6it) 
Coit\nin, A^uf An 6AO1 A tifUAi^ f6 OfAit) A Cof. t)i 

^\|\A tnle, mA|\ t>i bfigit) tli ST^^S >t1 
t>i meAf ACA uite uiftjti. 

An oit>e fin, C|Atjmm$ buACAittit) An t>Aite AfceA6 te 
oo t>eunAfh te Coi^nin A^uf te n-A niAtAi|\. tluAi^ t)iot)A|\ tnte 

A5 Cdrfl^ti CIA flUttAtf At) AfCeAC ACC pA1t)in O CeAttA1$. t)i f1AT) 

uite AS CAinc J?AOI An ^CAOI A t)ftiAi|\ Coipnin A fiut)At A^tif tiiC 
A cn^rh. 

" 5 'oeirhm if -OAni-f A btiti CCi^t -6(3 teit buit>eA6 ; 'f e An 
Cj\AAt> "oo Cus mo poc-$AbAij\-fe "66 "oo jtinne An obAi|\, A^uf c4 
fiof Ag fi-tnte t)uine 50 "ocuj An rhAfcuigeACc "oo f\mne fe, tjf AIT> 
m6 cof Af Aif t>Am f em. Oc, mo b^6n ! 50 bpuAip mo poc bpeA$ 

bAf ! " 

" 115 cu h-eiteAC," A]\ Coi|\nin, " 'f 1 * At1 ^ u1 ^ " tei$eAf AI$ m6. 
Rmne m6 bjMonstoit) c^i oit)Ce AnT)iAi$ A ceite 50 teigfeoCAi!) An 
tuib me, A^uf 15 te mo mAtAijt A c|\ot$A-6 -50 |\Aib me mo 6t-Ai|\- 
ineAt CA]\ eif mo CeA6c' 6 ^Aittirh, juf 6t me fu$ nA tuibe." 

" 'O'feu'OfAinn mo mionnA AbAif\c 50 bfuit mo rhAC AJ mnfinc 
nA fijMnne ^tAine," AJ\ f An rhAtAi|\. 

Ann fin tof A1$ cAC AJ T>eunAirh mA^Ait) f AOI pAi-oin 
f e Am AC. 

^A6 ite ni"6 50 triAit te Coifinin A^tif te n-A 
fe6. Aon oiiice ArhAin niiAi|\ cuAi'O An rhAtAi|\ A^tif nA 
'nA ^co'otA'O, CUAIT!) Coi^nin cum nA n-Aicmne. t)l 
A CAfAiT>, An 5|AUA5A6 beA^, Ann fin foime, A^tif bi An pocA oi]\ 
l\eit) -oo. 

" Se6 "btJic Anoif An pocA 61^ ; ctii|\ 1 "DCAifse 6 1 n-Aic AJ\ bit 
if coit teAC. UA An oit\eAT> Ann A^uf -beunfAf t)uic fA-o -00 

Goirnin of the Furze. 3745 

* 'fHcf you see in your dream where the herb.was growing ?" 
says the mother, 

" I did, indeed," says he; " it's growing beside the big wash- 
ing stone that's at the edge of the river." 

" Indeed there's no herb growing near tne washing stone," 
says his mother. " I was in that place often, and it could not 
be in it unbeknownst to me." 

" Maybe it grew in it since," says Coirnin, " and I'll go to 
look for it." 

He struck his two hands under him, and went at one leap 
to the door, and out with him. It was not long till he was 
at the washing stone, and he found the herb. He gave leaps 
like a deer that a hound would be following, coming home 
with excessive joy. 

" Mother," says he, *' my dream was true for me. I got the 
herb. Put down the pot for me, and boil it for me." 

The mother put the herb in the pot and about a quart of 
water with it, and when it was boiled and the juice' co)d, 
Coirnin drank it. It was not a moment inside him when he 
stood upon his feet and began running up and down. There 
was great astonishment on his mother. She began giving 
a thousand glories and praises to God. Then she called the 
neighbors and told them Coirnin's dream and how he got the 
use of his feet. There was great joy on them all, for Bridget 
O'Grady was a good neighbor, and they all had a regard for 

That night the boys of the village gathered in to make 
rejoicing with Coirnin and his mother. When they were all 
discoursing who should walk in but Paddy Kelly ! They were 
all talking of how Coirnin got his walk, and the activity of 
his bones. 

" Indeed, it's to myself he has a right to be thankful ; it's 
the jolting my buck goat gave him that did the work, and 
everyone knows that the ride he took gave me back the use 
of my feet again. Och! my grief that my fine buck died!" 

" You lie ! " says Coirnin; " it's the herb that cured me. I 
had a dream three nights after other that the herb would cure 
me, and iny mother can prove it that I was a cripple after 
coming from Galway till I drank the juice of the herb." 

" I'd take my oath that my son is telling the clean truth," 
says his mother. Then each of the people began mocking 
Paddy, till he went out. 

Everything went well with Coirnin and his mother after 
that. One night, when his mother and the neighbors went 


Coiftnin nA h-Aicmne. 

bi fi 

SAOitim so bfASfAit) me e m fAn bpott A jtAib fe Ann, 
f A Coipnin " ACc beAjvpAi"6 me jtomn "oe A-bAite tiotn." 

" HA CAbAijt teAc f 6f 6, ACc biot> b^ionstoiT) eite ASAT) 
bi ASA-O CeAnA, AUf, 'nA t>iAi$ fin, 05 teAc pomn "06 -oo 
te^c. CeAtinAi An c-AtAtfi fo -A^uf cwi|\ ce^6 Af bun m 
mbAlt A|\ tAugAt) tu, A^tif ni freicpit) cu p6m nA Aon t)tJine i 
ci$ teAc, tA bo6c fA-o "oo be-AtA. StAn teAc Anoif ni 
cu m6 niof *n6." 

Cui|\ Coi|\n!n An pocA -piof m fAn bpott, 
6ionn, A^uf tAini^ f6 A-bAite. 

6 te n-A rhAtAi|\ : 
An C]\eAf niAit)in, 
Anoif gAn AttiitAf, bi fi 
An "OA UAIJA eite ; fin 
f e6 mnfeACc x>uic 
A6c ni cis tiom Aon ^ut) eite "DO 
XXn oitxie fin, cuAi"6 f6 Cum An ^>OCA 6i|\, -j 
06 AbAite teif, A^tif AH niAi-oin tug 
m6," At)ei^ f6, " in fAn -die A t)CAini5 fin Af, 
6uic 6 nuAif\ b6i"6eAf f6 AS ceAfCAt UAIC, AC nA 
-O'A tAoib." 

fAt)A J nA "6iAi$ feo, ^ut\ CeAnnAi$ 
bAinne i Cuifv AJA feuj\Ac i. CuAit> fi f 6m 
50 mAit, A^uf nuAij\ bi f6 pCe btiA'OAn t) J Aoif, 
AtcAf m6|\ cAtrhAn cim6iott nA h-Aicmne, 
A^ bun Aft An mbAtt A^ fusA'b 6. SeAt 
f6 beAn. t)i muitMm rh6|\ Ai^e, A^uf nuAi|\ 
AOif, "O'^AS fe 6f A^uf Aifsiot) AS A Ctomn, 
ouine "oo COmnAi$ in fAn ci$ fin t-d boCc 

cj\Ap65 of A 


ti, A mo 
50 "oifeAC niA|\ 
Ant)iAit> A C6ite, Aguf 
cu t4 boCc fA-o t)o 
teAc -O'A CAoib." 

tAn fpo^Ain 
6. " UA niof 
obAit) m6 





nA "oiAig fin 
fe bAf te 
ni f^ACAi-6 Aon 

Coirnin of the Furze. 3747 

to sleep, Coirnin went to the furze. His friend the little 
wizard was there before him, and the pot of gold was ready 
for him. " Here now is the pot of gold for you, stow it away 
in any place you like; there's as much in it as will do you 
throughout your life." 

" I think I'll leave it in the hole where it was," says Coirnin, 
" but I'll bring a share of it home with me." 

" Don't take it with you yet, but have another dream like the 
one you had already, and after that you can take a share with 
you. Buy this ground and set up a house on the spot where 
you were born, and neither you yourself nor anyone in the 
same house with you will ever see a day's poverty during your 
life. Farewell to you now; you shall see me no more." 

Coirnin put the pot down in the hole and clay on the top of 
it, and came home. 

In the morning he said to his mother " I had another dream 
last night, but I won't tell it to you till I see if I will have it 
again three nights after other." 

" The second morning he said " I had the dream again last 
night; " and the third morning he said to her " My dream is 
true now without doubt. I had it last night just as I had it 
the two other times, that's three times alter one another, and I 
can tell you this that you won't see a poor day during your 
life, but I cannot tell you anything else about it." 

That night he went to the pot of gold, and brought the full 
of a purse of it home with him, and in the morning he gave it 
to his mother. " I have more," says he, " in the place where 
that came from, and I'll get it for you when you'll be wanting 
it, but ask no question of me about it." 

It was not long after this till Bridget O'Grady bought a 
milch cow and put her on grass. She herself and Coirnin 
went on well, and when he was twenty years of age he bought 
a large holding of land round the furse, and set up a fine house 
on the spot where he was born. A short time after that he 
married a wife. He had a large family, and when he died of 
old age he left gold and silver to his children, and not a person 
who lived in that house saw a poor day ever. 



fiAT> "O 

5f f Aitin f OCA1|\ t mbj\<5i5,' 
UA f 1A-0 -O'A p^ 

5i\ cu beitin CAnA 
U f lAt) "O'A f At) 

A mite 5t\At5 50 

50 t)ptit peA]\ te 

'S teif 

cu 6-dm 
e-An An 1 


nAoi rnt 

!\ mO 



ttlAf\ tAtJAfpAt) 6AtA 

ponn t)O t>eit fince 
Siof te t)eAn An |?ii\ 

mif e A 
50 mt>eit>' Aon 



50 mbpeusi:^ mo teAno A|\ -oo 
tTlAttACc tli neime 

Ay An c6 fin t)Ain t)iom-fA mo 
Sm, A^tif tute 50 tei^ 

6 ' tu; 


O CjAAnn Ann f An 
Aif A t>pAfAn 
An A1\ teA^Aim mo tAm 

bt-dt Dit>e; 


'S 6 f6tAf 50 

A'f 6 -o'pASAit o frtAiteAf 
Aon -pCi^m ArhAin, 

A'f e o'f AgAit o t)eAn An 


50 T>C15 t4 An Cf AO$A!t 

|\etibpA]\ cnuic 
fmuic A|\ An 

'S bei-6 nA neuttCA Com -cub teif An 
t)en!!> An frAijtge ci|\m 

A'f ciocpAit) nA bf\<5ncA 'f nA 
'S bei"0 An CAittiufv A 

An tA fin f AOI t)eAn An 



[Translated by Douglas Hyde in " Love bongs of Connacht."] 
. Tis what they say, 

Thy little heel fits in a shoe, 
'Tis what they say, 

Thy little mouth kisses well, too. 
'Tis what they say, 

Thousand loves that you leave me to rue ; 
That the tailor went the way 

That the wife of the Red man knew. 
Nine months did I spend 

In a prison closed tightly and bound; 
Bolts on my smalls* 

And a thousand locks frowning around) 
But o'er the tide 

I would leap with the leap of a swan, 
Could I once set my side 

By the bride of the Red-haired man. 

I thought, O my life, 

That one house between us love would be ; 
And I thought I would find 

You once coaxing my child on your knee ; 
But now the curse of the High One 

On him let it be, 
And on all of the band of the liars 

Who put silence between you and me. 

There grows a tree in the garden 

With blossoms that tremble arid shake, 
I lay my hand on its bark 

And I feel that my heart must break. 
On one wish alone 

My soul through the long months ran, 
One little kiss 

From the wife of the Red-haired man. 

But the day of doom shall come, 

And hills and harbors be rent; 
A mist shall fall on the sun 

From the dark clouds heavily sent ; 
The sea shall be dry, 

And earth under mourning and banj 
Then loud shall he cry 

For the wife of the Red-haired man. 

* There are three "smalls," the wrists, elbows, and ankles. In Irish 
romantic literature we often meet mention of men being bound "with 
the binding of the three smalls." 


t)i peitmeAp [no -oume-uAfAt] Ann f An cfjt Aguj ti! fiAib 
dec Jion riiAC ArhAin. 11115 f6 feo [Kitn^e nA gcteAf] 
AfueAC ujVAtnonA oit>ce, A^tif T>'iApri fe toifciri t>6 fem 

Aft fAn f eitmeAji, 

pi of A 

>i An 

-po 6i|\ije ftiAf 
fo, A 




" mAifeA-6," 

An cige, 

" nio|\ 


mo tfiAc 

DO n T>A- f\- eus T>O bi i n-empeACC teif. 
tiom mA|i c4 f6 ASA te c' 

"OU1C 6 ASUf T>O X)' 1 

corh mAic A J f bi f6 Aige, 
An Tli"oijAe A|\ An "oA-'f 
oo "oeunArii "oo'n 

D! ACA. 

An T>ume feo A^iAifi piofA 

An "ouine-tiAfAt, 

tiom An oirieAt) fo j/oe fAit)b|AeAf] 'nA T>A 
lonnAnn fin [x>o] "OeunAm." 

" leis tiom-f A 6," A|\ Rit)if\e nA ^cteAf, " 50 ceAnn tA 
btiA-OAin, A^uf b6it> fe Com mAic te CCACCA^ -oe nA 

" Lei5f eAT>," At\ fAn "otune-tiAf At, " ACc 50 "ociubfAit) cw A^A Aif 
e 1 ^ceAnn nA btiAtmA." 

ClUbflAT)," Afl "RlTDIfie nA ^CteAf, " A-|A A1f CU^At) 6." 

b|\6ACf Afc Atv mAit^m, tA A|t nA mAf AC, *o6ib, nuAi|\ bio'DAft 
out AS imteAcc, A^uf teis An "owine-uAfAt An mAC teo, Ajtif 
An fiAt> Amui$ tA A^uf btiAt)Ain. 
SceAnn A' tA A^uf btiAiiAin tAitiig fiAT> A-pif A-bAite 

A mAC f6m i n-empeAcc te6. t)i fe [AS] fAi-pe of|\A, 
bi fAitce -pompA AIS^, Asf bi oittce rhAit ACA. TluAiri biot)A|\ 
A fiiip^itt, T>iibAi|tc "Ri"oi|ie nA s c ^ e ^r teif An T)A-'f\-'etis 
ftiAf At\if Asuf s^ 1 r5 1>oeACC "oo "oeunArh T>o'n T)iiine-tiAfAt 
oo bi UAbAi^u An cf uip6if T>6ib. Anoif bi A mAC f em Ann, pj\eifin, 
bi f 6 i HS-AH "oo belt corii mAit te ceAccA-p ACA. " Tli't f6 
SAifSi"oeAc f 6f com mAiC te mo ctn'o-fe feAf, ACC teis tiom-fA 



nA jjcteAf , A|\ 

btiAt)Ain eite. 

A|\ f eifeAn, ACC 50 "ociubf A1"6 ctj 
1 ^ceAnn An tA A^tif btiA"6Ain. si *OubAi^c fe 50 
fiA-o ted, An t Af nA rh^Ac ' 
Amtii tA A^tif btiA"OAin eite.- 
btiA"6Ain connAij\c An "otnne-uAfAt An comtiiA'OAf 




* CA -ATI f^eut fo f ocAt Ajt pocAt 50 t>ifieAc 
f 5Hi'ot>Af fiof e 6 t>eul rilAjirAin UWAI-O Ui ^l 

-oo pAi|ieAf 
(f o|foe i 

triA-p x>o 


Written down word for word by me from the dictation of Martin Rua 
M. Gl , 1J ^ na ' or " Fo r de >" nea r Monivea, Co. Galway (a small farmer 
about 50 years old, Irish-speaking only). DOUGLAS HYDE. 

THERE was a farmer [read gentleman] in the country, and he 
had only one son. And this man [the Knight of the Tricks] 
came in to see him, on the evening of a night, and asked 
lodgings for himself and the twelve who were along with him. 

" I think it miserable how I have it for you," said the gentle- 
man, " but I'll give it to you and to your twelve." Supper 
was got ready for them, as good as he had it, and when the 
supper was eaten, the knight asked these twelve to rise up and 
perform a piece of exercise for this man, showing the deeds 
[accomplishments] they had. 

The twelve rose up and performed feats for him, and this 
man had never seen any feat like them. " Musha," says the 
gentleman, the man of the house, " I wouldn't sooner [own] 
all this much riches, than that my son should be able to do 

" Leave him with me," said the Knight of the Tricks, " till 
the end of a year and a day, and he will be as good as any of 
these boys that I have." 

" I will," says the gentleman, " but [on condition] that you 
must bring him back to me at the end of the year." 

" Oh, I will bring him back to you," said the Knight of the 

Breakfast was got for them in the morning of the next 
day when they were going a-departing, and the gentleman let 
the son with them, and they remained away a day and a year. 

At the end of the day and the year, they came home again 
to him, and his own son along with them. He was watching 
for them, and had a welcome for them, and they had a good 
night. When they were after their supper, the Knight of the 
Tricks told the twelve to rise up and perform feats for the 
gentleman who was giving them the supper. Now his own 
son was there also, and he was near to being as good as any 
of them. 

" He is not yet a champion as good as my men are, but let 
him with me," said the Knight of the Tricks, " for another day 
and a year." 

" I will," said he, " but that you will bring him back to me at 
the end of the day and a year." He said he would bring him. 




cuie Aitif. us fe police AUf fuipeAjv -0615, te tucAir\e IAT> 
oo beic Art Aif Arvif Aguf A rhAC teo. 

CAiteA*OAit -An fuipeArt, Aguf nuAiri biot)A-|t 'r\eif 
t>ubAir\c fe te n-A cuix> peAf\ ei|\i$e fUAf -A^uf piofA 
oo oeunArh "oo'n T>ume-UAfAt T>O bi CAbAif\c H 
t>6ib. tyeirtit; fiAT> f uAf, cfii pit "oeus, A$uf bA 6 A rh^c 
oo b'freAi\n "oe'n m^At) fin. til i\Aib peAi\ A^ bit lonnAnn ceAf\c 
oo bAinc -oe ACc tli-oiiie nA ^cteAf jrein. 

T)eii\ An "oume-tiAf At, u ni't peA^ AI\ bit ACA lonn^nn ^Aif^it)- 
6A6c "oo oeunATfi te mo rhAc pem." 

" tli't, 50 oeimm," A^ RiTnite nA jcteAf " Aon f eAit lonnAnn A 
oeunAtti ACc mif e ; -A^uf mA teigeAnn cu bArh-f A e 
eite, belt) f6 'nA $Aif5it>eAC Com mAit tiom 

eigpeAt)," A^ -pAn T)ine-iiAf At, " teigpitl) me teAC 
e," At)eiit f6. 

Am of, nioit lAitit f6 Aiit, An c-Am fo, A CAbAiitc A^ Aif Ajtif, mAit 
Itmne f6 nA n-AtnAnncA eite, A^uf niof Cuiit fe Ann A $eAf Aib e. 

An t^ -ASUf btiA^Ain, bi An -otune-uAf AX A^ f AnAmAinc 
f uit te n-A rhAC, ACc ni tAim^ An mAC n^ KiT>if\e nA jcteAf . 
t)i An c-AtAiit, Ann fin, fAoi imm'be moijt nA6 ^Aib An mAC A$ 
ceA6c A-bAite ttn^e, A^uf -oubAiitc fe : " pe b'e AIC -oe'ir T)omAn 
A bpuit fe, cAitp-6 me A .d$Ait AmAC." 

*O'imti$ f 6 Ann fin A^tif bi fe A^ imteAcc ^w-ft CAit f e ci\! 
A^uf ci\i t^ AS fitibAt. tAinis Ann fin AfceAC 1 n-Aic A fiAi 
bf\e,A$, A^uf Amui$ AnAgAit) An "ooittiif m6ii\ bi ci\i fii\ "oeuj; 
buAtA"6 bAife Ann ; A^uf feAf f6 A^ peuCAinc A^ nA ci\i 

-o'-d buAtA-6, A^iif bi Aon feAp Am^m t)'^ buAtA-6 te -OA-'IA- 
ACA. tJAmi5 fe 'fAn AIC A ftAbAtDAit AfceAC Ann A meAf^ Ann 
fin, A^uf 'fe A rhAC -pem bi A^ buAtA* An bAiite teif An t)A-'if Jetl 5 

Ctnit fe f Aitce rioirh An AtAiri Ann fin. *' O ! A AtAif\," At>eiit 
f 6, " ni't Aon AAit A^At) orim. Tli i\mne cuf A," At>eiit f 6, " -oo 
$nAtA (^no^) ceAfvc ; nuAi-|t bi cu [A^] "oetinAm mAfi^Ait) teif eAn 
nio-(t IAI\I\ uu Aift ; mif e [*oo] tAbAirtc Aft Aif cu^At)." 

" 1f fioit fin," At>eiit An c-AtAii\: 

" xXnoif," AT>eii\ An mAC, " ni bp tujfi-o c feucAinc ofm Anocc^ 
ACC t>etjnf A-|t crii cotAim "oeti^ "oinn A^tif CAitfi"6eAf sjvAnA coirvce 
A^ An urvtAit A^tif "oeuitf Ait) tliTHfe nA ^cteAf mA AitmJeAnn ctt 
oo rhAC orirvA fin [ = Ann A meAf g-f An] 50 bf mgfi-O cu e. 11! 
beit!) mife AS ite Aon fv^m A^uf bei-6 nA cmn eite AS ice. t)ei*6 
tnife t)ut Anonn 'f AnAtt 'f AS buAtA*6 pr\iocA Ann fAn^^cuiT) eite 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3753 

They went away with themselves the next day, after their 
morning's meal, and they remained away for another day and 
a year. And at the end of the day and a year the gentleman 
saw the company coming to him again. He gave them a 
welcome and a supper, for joy them to be back again and his 
son with them. 

They ate their supper, and when they were after their 
supper he said to the men to rise up and perform some feats for 
the gentleman who was showing them this kindness. They 
rose up, thirteen men, and his son was the best man of all the 
lot. There was no man at all able to take the right from him 
[overcome him] but the Knight of the Tricks himself. 

Says t^ie gentleman then, " There's not a man of them able 
to perform feats with my own son." 

" There is not indeed one man," says the Knight of the 
Tricks, " able to do it but me, and if you leave him to me for 
another day and a year he will be a champion as good as 

" Musha, then I will," says the gentleman, " I'll let him 
with you," says he. 

Now this time he did not ask him to take him back, as he 
had done the other times, and he did not put it in his con- 

At the end of the day and the year the gentleman was wait- 
ing and hoping for his son, but neither the son nor the Knight 
of the Tricks came. The father was then in great anxiety lest 
his son was not coming home at all to him, and he said, " what- 
ever place in the world he is in, I must find him out." 

He departed then, and he was going until he spent three days 
and three nights traveling. He then came into a place where 
there was a fine dwelling, and outside of it, over against the 
great door, there were thirteen men playing hurley, and he 
stood looking at the thirteen men playing, and there was^a 
single man hurling against twelve of them. He came in 
amongst them then, to the place where they were, and it was 
his own son that was playing against the other twelve. 

He welcomed his father then. " Oh, father," says he, " you 
have no getting of me, you did not do," says he, " your business 
right : when you were making your bargain with him you did 
not ask him to bring me back to you." 

" That is true," says the father. 

" Now," said the son, " you won't get a sight of me to-night, 
but thirteen pigeons will be made of us, and grains of oats? 
thrown on the floor, and the Knight of the Tricks will say that 

3754 Hitn^e nA 

oe nA cotAtnAib. SeobAi-6 cu t)o -po&An Asuf t)6>A|\pxMt) cu 
SUft b'6 m6 cosfAf cu. Sm 6 ATI corhAficA beirum t>uic, i 
50 n-AitneGtAit) cu mife AmeAfs nA scotAm eite, Asuf mA 
cu 50 ceAjtc, belt) me ASAX) .An UAijt fin." 

"O'fAS An mAC e Ann fin, Asuf CAims fe AfceAC Ann fAn 
Asuf Cuij\ Ki-oifte nA ^cteAf police j\oime. T)ubAirtc An -ouine- 
uAfAt 50 T>cAinis f6 AS lAjtjvAit) A niic nuAijt nAC t)Ct>5 An "Rit)it\e 
A|\ Aif teif 6 1 sceAnn nA btiAtinA. " tliojt Cuijt cu fin Ann fAn 

mAf\5A'6," Ajt fAn Ri'oi^e, " ACc 6 tAinij; cu Corn f AT>A fin 

f6 t>eit AgAt), m^ 'f p^i-oif teAC A to$A-6 
6 AfceA6 Ann fin 6 50 feomriA A f\Aift cpi cotAim "oeus Ann, 

> OUt)A1|\C f6 teif, A ttO$A COtAim T)O COAt) AmAC, AJUf t)A 

ti-6 A rhAC f6m "oo Cogf A* f6 50 ociucfA'6 teif A ConsbAit. 
t)i nA cotAim uite AS piocAt) nA njjrtAnA coi^ce -oe'n upl&p, ACc 
Aon CeAnn ArhAm t)O tM ^AbAit tAfic A^uf A^ buAlAt) PJMOCA Ann 
fAn 5CU1T) eite ACA. T)o to$ An "oume-uAf At An ceAnn fin. " U4 
oo rhAC sn6tAi$ce AJA-O," A^ fAn Ri'oi|\e. 

CAIC fiAT) An oit)Ce fin bit (?) A C6ile, Ajuf T)'irnci$ An t>tnne- 
UAfAt A^uf A rfiAC An tA A]\ nA rhAjvdC A^tif of^SA'OA^ Ri"oi|\e n/x 
jjcteAf. 11uAi|\ bi fiAT) AS "out A-bAite Ann fin, tAims fiAt> 50 
bAite-m6r\, A^uf bi AonAC Ann, A^uf nuAi|\ biot)Ati t>ut AfceAC Ann 
fAn AonA6 t)'iA|\^ An mAC A^ A ACAIJ\ f|\6Ans "oo CeAnnA6 A^uf t)O 
oeunAiti A"OAfCAi|A "66. f< 'OeunfAi'6 mife fCAit t)iorn f^m," At>eit\ 
-oiotf Ai-6 cu m6 A|\ An AonAC f o. Uiucf Ait) Ki > oit\e nA 
A|\ An AonAC c-A f6 t)o t>' teAnArhAinc Anoif A^uf 
ceAnn66Ai"O f6 mife UAIC. HuAi|\ bSi'beAf cu '5 Am' "biot, n4 

An C-At)AfCA]\ UA1C ACC COn^bAI^ CUSAT) f6in ^, AUf [if] 
Uom-fA C6ACC Ap A1f CUgAT) ACC An C-At)AfCA|\ T)O 

llmne An mAC fCAit "06 -p6m Ann fin, A^uf fUAif An c-ACAif 
A^AfCAn A^uf Cui|t f6 A1|\ 6. tA|\iAAins f6 fUAf Ann fin A^ An 
AonAC 6, Aguf if seA^ri -oo bi f6 'nA feAfArh Ann fin, nuAi|\ 
Ri-oi|\e nd scteAf tui^e A^uf T>'iAt\^ f6 CIA rn^AT) X)o 
An fCAit Ai^e. " U|\i ceut) puncA " T>eif\ An "oume-uAf At. " Uiu 

ife fin t>uic," "oei^ HiTn^e nA $cteAf tiub^At) f6 
bic "66 AS f uit s bf ui$peA-6 f 6 An mAC A^ Aif , mAt\ bi 

s WAiC s u t^ b ' 6 >DO Gi A11T1 f At1 fCAit. " Uiub^ 
6 AJ\ An Ait\s 1o> f 1n >" A t^ T Ari "oume-UAf At, " ACc ni 

An C-Al!)AfCAt\." ;< tout) CeAf\C An C-At)AfCA^ *OO CAbA1f\C, A|\ fAn 

An Tli'oi^e Ann fin Asuf An fCAit teif , ASf "olmti^ An 
oume-uAfAt Afv A beAtA6 pm AS "out A-bAite. x\Cc ni 
ACc Amuig Af An AonAC 'fAn Am A T>c^inic An mAC fUAf teif 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3755 

if you recognise your son amongst those, you shall get him. I 
will not be eating my grain, but the others will be eating. I 
will be going back and forwards and picking at the rest of 
the pigeons. You shall get your choice, and you will tell him 
that it is I you will take. That is the sign I give you now, 
so that you may know me amongst the other pigeons, and if 
you choose right you will have me then." 

The son left him after that, and he came into the house, and 
the Knight of the Tricks bade him welcome. The gentleman 
said that he was come looking for his son, since the Knight did 
not bring him back with him at the end of the year. " You 
did not put that in the bargain," said the Knight, " but since 
you are come so far to look for him you must have him if you 
can choose him out." He brought him in then to the room 
where the thirteen pigeons were, and told him to choose out his 
choice pigeon, and if it was his own son he should choose that 
he might keep him. The other pigeons were picking grains of 
oats off the floor, all but one, who was going round and picking 
at the others. The gentleman chose that one. " You have 
your son gained," said the Knight. 

They spent that night together, and the gentleman and his 
son departed next day and left the Knight of the Tricks. When 
they were going home then, they came to a town, and there was a 
fair in it, and when they were going into the fair the son asked 
the father to buy a rope and make a halter for him. " I'll 
make a stallion of myself," said he, " and you will sell me 
at this fair. The Knight of the Tricks will come up to you 
on the fair he is following you now and he will buy me 
from you. When you will be selling me don't give away the 
halter, but keep it for yourself, and I can come back to you 
only you to keep the halter." 

The son made a stallion of himself then, and the father got 
the halter and put it on him. He drew him up after that on 
the fair, and it was short he was standing there when the 
Knight of the Tricks came up to him, and asked him how 
much would he be wanting for the stallion. " Three hundred 
pounds," says the gentleman. " I'll give you that," said the 
Knight of Tricks he would give him anything at all hoping 
that he might get the son back, for he knew well that it was 
he that was in the stallion. " I'll give him to you at that 
money," said the gentleman, " but I won't give the halter." 
" It were right to give the halter," said the Knight. 

The Knight went away then, and the stallion with him, and 
the gentleman departed on his own road going home, but he 


UiT)it\e nA scteAf: 

^ me Af f A"$Ait Antnu ASAT>, ACC cA AonAC 
AtnAjvAc Asuf jvACAmAoit) AfceA6 Ann." 

bioT>AH AS "out AfceAC -Ann fAn 
" "OeunpAit) me fCAit "oiom pein 



fUAf A|\ Att 

An c- 

" A AtAijt," A-DeifA f e, " 
Ann A teiteit) feo "o'Ai 

An t-A AJ\ nA mAjVA 
eiLe, "oubAifvc An mAC : 

Tli > oi|\e nA scteAf Afiif *oom' ceAnnAc. 
A|\ bit o^m A lAjvpfAf cu, ACc cui|\ Ann fAn 

CUfA An C-At)AfCA|\ "DO. 

Ann fin, A^tif junne f6 fCAit "06 

if 56A|\f\ t)o t>i f6 Ann, 

nA gcteAf Ctn^e Aguf o'piAp|ti$ f 6 t!)6 CIA rh^A-o -DO t>eit- 
An -pcAit Aige. " S ceuT) puncA," Af\ fAn otune-UAfAt. 
fin ouic," At)eif\ f6. " Ace ni tiubt\Ait) m6 An 

1S t)!!^ CCAjAC An C-At)AfCA|\ tAt)A1]\C AfCOAC 

'fAn mA^At)," A|\ An tlitjifxe, ACC ni tif uAi]t f e 6. 

T)'inici$ tliT>if\e nA gcteAf Ann fin A^uf An fCAit teif, 
o'imtis An "otune-uAfAt AJ\ A tteAlAc AS "out A-t)Aite, A6c ni 
f6 i mbeA|AnA A' cofctum AS "out AmAC Af An AonAC Am [ntiAi]\] 
A oc-Aims An mAC A^if fUAf teif. 

" C-d 50 mAic, AtAijt " At>ei|\ f6, " CA An UAI|\ fe<3 snotAigce 
A^Ainn, ACC ni't f^iof A^AITI c^euT) t>eunfAf An t-d-AmA|AAC tmn. 
U^ AonA6 Ann A teiceit) fe6 -o'^ic AHIA^AC 

fin AJA An AonAC An t^ AH n-A rh^Ac, 
An mAC fCAit T)6 p^in, Agtif ctujA An C-ACAIJA At)AfCA]t AIJA, 

"oo tM f6 J nA feAfAm A^ An AonAC i n-Am tAim^ Rit)i|\e 
A|vif ctn^e. T)'fiAftuii An Ri'DijAe CIA m^At) T)O 
f 6 AS iA|\|\Ait) AJA An fCAit t)]AeA$ fin *oo t)i Ai^e Ann fAn A*6AfCAjt. 
" HAOI scent) puncA CA mife AS lA^Ait) A1]\," AJA fAn "otune-uAfAt. 
T1io|\ f AOit f 6 50 ociut>f\A > 6 f6 fin -06. Ace ni cons^ocAt) 
Ajt bit An fCAit o'n HiT)i|\e. " Uiub^Ait) m6 fin "otiic, 

f 6 A tAm Ann A POCA Asf tus f6 An nAoi s ceu> o piincA t)6, 
l^t>S f A r ^ n fCAit teif An tAim eae, Asf T>'imti$ f teif 
com ttiAt fin s u t* ^^A^mAt) An "oume-uAfAt 6 "DO Cti^ Ann fAn 

mAHS^'6 -Atl C-At)AfCA^ tAbA1|\C Af A1f "O6. 

*O'frAn f e AS f uit 50 bfittpeAt) An mAC, ACC niof fitt f 6. tJts 
f6 fUAf 6 Ann fin Astif *oubAij\c f e nAc f Aib Aon triAit t)6 c^uf On 
(?) [belt AS fit] 50 b|\At teif, nA te n-A teAcc AJ\ Aif A-pif 50 

nA scteAf Ann fin An mAC teif, Asf bi fe 
pionnif Astif Ofo6-tif/li > oe t>6, Asuf ni 
6 AJ\ bo|\ > o te Aon "oume AS ite A beAtA, ACC bi f e Ann fin ceAn- 
A$uf An t^ teispeA* f 6 nA S A1 f5 1 * 1 5 eite -Am AC, ni 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3757 

was only just out of the fair when the son came up to him 
again.^ "'Father," says he, "you have got me to-day, but 
there is a fair in such-and-such a place to-morrow, and we'll 
go to it." 

The next day when they were going into the other fair, the 
son said, " I will make a stallion of myself, and the Knight of 
the Tricks will come again to buy me. He'll give you any 
money that you may ask for me, but put it in the bargain that 
you will not give him the halter." They drew up on the fair 
then, and he made a stallion of himself, and the father put a 
halter on him; and it was short he was standing there when 
the Knight of the Tricks came to him and asked him how much 
he'd be wanting for the stallion. " Six hundred pounds," 
says the gentleman. " I'll give you that," says he ; " but I 
won't give you the halter," said the gentleman. " It were only 
right to give the halter into the bargain," said the Knight, 
but he did not get it. 

^The Knight of the Tricks departed then, and the stallion 
with him, and the gentleman went on his way, going home; 
but he was not as far as the custom-gap, going out of the fair, 
when the son came up with him again. 

" It is well, father," says he, " we have gained this time, but 
I don't know what will to-morrow do with us. There is a fair 
in such-and-such a place to-morrow, and we will go down to it." 

They went to the fair accordingly next day, and the son 
made a stallion of himself, and the father put a halter on him, 
and it was short he was standing on the fair when the Knight of 
the Tricks came up to him again. The Knight asked how much 
he would be wanting for that fine stallion that he had there 
by the halter. " Nine hundred pounds I'm asking for him," 
says the gentleman. He never thought he would give him 
that. But no money would keep the stallion from the Knight. 
" I'll give you that," says he. He put his hand in his pocket 
and gave him the nine hundred pounds, and with the other 
hand he seized the stallion and went off with him so quick 
that the gentleman forgot to put it into his bargain that he 
should give him back the halter. , 

He waited, hoping the son would return, but he did not He 
gave him up then, and said that there was no good for him to 
be expecting him for ever, or expecting him to ever come back 

The Knight of the Tricks then took away the son with him, 
and was giving him all sorts of punishment and bad usage, 
and would not let him [sit down] at table with anyone to eat 


ftiT>ijAe nA 

f4 eif eAn ted: )i f feAt fAt)A triA^ fin, 

AS ctif\ otAoc-rheAf AIJ\ Asuf AS cAbAifvc tute foi|\c pionnuif -06; 

tJuic f6 AtnAc sup imti$ tlitn^e nA scteAf -An t-d fo Af bAite, 
Asuf o'f.dsbAi'6 fe eifeAn -Ann fAn bpuinnechs if -dijvoe 'fAn CGAC, 
'n ic nAC f\Aib ftm AJ\ bit te 
Ann fin, f u^f i n-.AijA'oe. A^uf 
fin, A^uf 5An A|t An c-fjAAit) AC 
oeoC uifge 1 n-Ainm T)6, AJ\ An 

AicCiof uip|Ai "o-A t)pA$At) A 

tute "Ouine initiate 
An cAitin, x>'iAf\]t f6 
An CAitin 50 
i, 50 

" Hi Ctoiffit> -ouine A^ bit 50 t>e6 6," At)eif\ f 6, " nA 
p AicCiOf A|t bit o|\c, nf tnife innf e<5CAf [ mne<5f Af] t)6 6." 
ff fUAf An "oeoC uif^e Cui^e Ann fin, A^uf nuAi|\ 
lonn Ann f An uifge, A$ 6t An uif^e, 
CuAit) f 6 fiof Ann f An f oiteAC. t3> 
oe 'n "oottuf bi [A^] |\it 50 n-oeACAit) 
A^uf CAit ff AtriAC Ann fAn f^ot^n 
f oiteAC AICI. t)i feifeAn AS imteACc Ann fin* A5Uf 6 'nA eAfCtnn 
Ann fAn AbAinn, AS CA|A|\Ainsc A-bAite. 

." 115 
A 61015- 
6 eAfcon t)6 p6 
beA$ uifge CAOb 
AfceAC ^nn fAn AbAinn, 
A f\Ait> 

f eA*6 f 6 An 
T)ubAi|\c An CAitin 

nA scteAf A-bAite, 
f & ceAn^Aitce, 
>e 'n 

ACC 50 

f fUAf 50 bfeic- 
ni bf UAIJ\ f6 6 -poirhe 

fi 6 A 
fi p6m b|\Aon 

t)0 bi 
'fAn f j\otAn AmA6 6," A^ fife. 

f6 initiate 'nA eAf cum Ann fAn AbAin, 
f uAf ," A"oeitv f 6, teif An "o^-'i 
teAnf AniAOiT) 6." 

tlinneA'OAjx t)A rhA'OAi'6 "oeus wif^e "6iob 

A-oei|\ f 6. 

f 6, 



Ann fAn AbAin & ; Agtif nuAip bioTJA^ A^ CCACC f Af teif Ann 
AbAinn "o'Sinig f6 'nA ewn Af An AbAinn Ann fAn AJ\. 

fiA-o fin AniAC su|\ imti$ f 6 Af An AbAinn, 

feAbAC "oeus "oiob f6m A^tif o'imti$eA > OA|\ Ant)iAi$ An 6m 
-00 junne f 6 -66 f 6in A^tjf bio-OAft AS ceAcr ftiAf teif . 

HuAi|\ PUAI^ f6 1AT) AS ceAnnA-6 teif, Asf nA6 jvAib f6 lonnAnn 

OUt tIAtA, bi f A1UC1Of ni6^ A1j\ t)l b6Att AS CxXtAt) AmtJIS Af A1j\C 

bAm. tuiftms f6 'nuAf Af An AJ\, 6 beit 'nA eun, 1 nsA|v "oo'n 
coiftce, Astif fmne f6 sM^ 1 ^ coipce t)6 f 6m. 

f 6m 'n 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3759 

his food, but he was there tied, and the day he would let the 
other champions out he would not let him out with them. He 
was like this for a long time and the Knight of the Tricks 
putting dishonor on him, and giving him every kind of punish- 

It fell out that on this day [of which we are going to tell] 
the Knight of the Tricks went from home, and left him at the 
window that was highest in the house, where he had nothing 
at all to get, and him tied there, up on high. And then when 
everybody was gone away and nobody left on the street (i.e., 
about the place) but himself and a servant-girl, he asked the 
girl, in the name of God, for a drink of water. The girl said 
that if her master were to find it out he would kill her. 

" Nobody shall ever hear it," says he : " don't be a bit 
afraid, it's not I who'll tell him." She brought up the drink 
of water to him then, and when he put his head into the water, 
drinking the water, he made an eel of himself, and he went 
down into the vessel. There was a little streamlet of water 
beside the door, that was running until it went into the river, 
and she cast out into the little stream all the remains that she 
had in the vessel. He kept going, then, and he an eel, in the 
river, drawing towards home. 

When the Knight of the Tricks came home, he went up to 
see the man he had left bound, and he did not find him there 
before him. He asked the girl if she felt [perceived] him 
going, or if she perceived anything that gave him leave to go. 
The girl said that she perceived nothing, but that she herself 
brought a drop of water up to him. 

" And where did you put the leavings that you had ?" 
says he. 

" I threw it out into the little stream," says she. 

" He's gone as an eel into the river," says he. " Prepare 
yourselves," says he to the twelve champions, " till we follow 

They made twelve water-dogs of themselves, and they fol- 
lowed him in the river, and when they were coming up with 
him in the river, he rose up as a bird, out of the river into 
the air. 

When they found this out. that he had gone out of the river, 
they made twelve hawks of themselves, and pursued after the 
bird it was a lark he made of himself and they were coming 
up to him. 

When he found them closing on him, and that he was not 
able to escape from them, there was great terror on him. 



Tli > oit\e 


S ite An coij\ce Ann fin A^tif fAoit fiAt) e tteit itce ACA, 
ni fVAit>. t)i fiAt) AS ite An CoijAce 50 f\Aib -piAt) 1 n^A^ "oo 


nieAf feifeAn 50 ]AAit A f^it itce ACA, Agtif nAC 
mo^n eite T>O "OetinArh, t)'ei|\i5 fe ftiAf A^tif finne 
"oe pem, A^uf OAin f 6 An ctoisionn "oe'n "o^ pi\AncAC 

-oe'n CoiteAc; 

ceAt) Aige "otit A-GAite "O'A AtAijA Ann fin nuAi]\ t)io'OA|\ uite 
Agtif fin "oei^e UitJi^e nA 

The Knight of the Tricks. 376] 

There was a woman winnowing [oats] out in a bare field. He 
descended out of the air from being a bird, near to the oats, 
and he made a grain of oats of himself. 

They themselves descended after him, and made twelve 
turkeys of themselves, and the Knight was the turkey cock. 
They began eating the oats, and they thought that they had 
him eaten, but they had not. They were eating the oats until 
they were near to being satiated. 

When he considered that they had enough eaten and that 
they were not able to do much more, he rose up and made a 
fox of himself, and took the heads off the twelve turkeys and 
turkey cock. 

He had leave to go home to his father then, when he had 
"hem all killed. And that is the end of the Knight of Tricks. 

mo tmon Am An 


1f 6 cA m6f\, 

1f e 5At>Ail it)i|\ me 

*S mo mile 

AOTI cf wit CA|\ f Aite tiom 
^ 50 

ITlo teun nA6 bptut mife 
o mui|\nin 


tlo i g-con-OAe An 

mo mite 


t)i pum 

6 Ait me AmA6 
te ceAf An tAe: 

te mo tAeo 

betit A|\ 



My grief on the sea, 

How the waves of it roll I 

For they heave between me 
And the love of my soul 1 

Abandoned, forsaken, 

To grief and to care, 
Will the sea ever waken 

Relief from despair? 

My grief and my trouble ! 

Would he and I were 
In the province of Leinster 

Or county of Clare. 

Were I and my darling- 
Oh, heart-bitter wound I- 
On board of the ship 
For America bound. 

On a green bed of rushes 

All last night I lay, 
And I flung it abroad 

With the heat of the day. 

And my love came behind me- 
He came from the South ; 

His breast to my bosom. 
His mouth to my mouth. 

* Literally: My grief on the sea, It is it that is big. It is it that is 
going between me And i*y thousand treasures. I was left at home 
Making grief, Without any hope of (going) over sea with me, For ever 
and aye. My grief that I am not, And my white moorneen, In the 
province of Leinster Or County of Clare. My sorrow I am not, And my 
thousand loves On board of a ship Voyaging to America. A bed of 
rushes Was under me last night And I threw it out With the heat of 
the day. My love came To my side, Shoulder to shoulder And mouth 
on mouth. [" Love Songs of Connacht."! 


AT) t)11ACAlU, T)O t)T A t)xVO AU A tflxtA1tt.* 

A bpAt) 6 foir bi tAnAriiAin opCA t>Aj\ b' 
TluAtA ni CiAj\ACAin. tH'oeA'OAfA btiAftAin Aguf pCe popCA 
Aon CtAnn "oo beit ACA, A^uf bi bf\6n m6j\ of\j\A, mAf\ 
Aon oit)]\e ACA te HA scuiT) f ATobpip T>' At;bAit Aige. t) 
c^trh^n, bo, A^tif p6i^e ^AbA^ ACA, A^tif t)i cuAi^m ACA 50 

|\At)A > DA|\ -pAlt)!!)!^. 

Aon oit>Ce ArtiAm, t>i PA-O^AIS ceACc A-bAite o teA6 "otJine 
tfiuirmcitM5, A^tif ntiAii\ tAimg f6 torn -pA-OA teif An 
CAinis feAn -otune UAt AniAC A^uf ouGAif\c : " JJo 
T)1A -Ouic." " 50 tnbeAnnAi$' T)IA 'jti 
t\Ais. " CA-O AC& AS cufi b^oin oj\c ? " A|\ f An -peAn omne. " Tli't 
nio^An 50 oeirhm," A|\ pA-oitAi^, " ni b6i"6 m6 A bpAT> be6, A^iif 
ni't mAC J nA in$eAn te CAOineAt) mo "oiAig nuAijA geobAf m6 bAf ." 
" t)' eit)i|\ nA6 mbeitieA rnA|\ fin," A|\ f An -peAn-T)tiine. " 

A]\ PAT>|\A15, " CAim bilAt)Ain 

nit Aon Cop AtntACc pO-p." " 5^ AC tn'^ocAt-f-A 50 rnbeit) mAC 65 

A5 "oo rhnAoi, C|\i ]\Aite o'n oi"6Ce AnoCc." CuAit) pAt)f AI^ A-bAite, 
tut$Aii\eA6 50 te6|\, Agup "o'lnnip An f^eut T>O HuAtA. " 
ni t^Aib Ann fAn cpeAn -ouine A^C so^Aitte, A bi AS -oeunArh 
. " 1p rnAit An pseutuit) An 

t)i 50 mAit Agtip ni |\Aib 50 ti-otc ; f eAt mA (fut) n-oeACAi-6 
tA|\c, ConnAifc pAt)i\Ai5 50 fAib TluAtA "out oit)f\e 
oo tAbAi^c t)6, A^tif bi bjxot) moy Aif\. torm$ -p6 A$ cuj\ nA 
peitme i n-otvou$A-6, Ajuf A^ pA^bAit ^AC ni-6 f^it) te n-A^Ait) An 
615. An t^ tAini5 cmneAf ctomne Aft UtiAtA, bi PAT^AIS 
cu|\ f\Ainn 615 A tAtAijt "oofiAif An ci$e. HUAIJ\ CAini5 An 

50 -jvAib mAC 65 AS TluAtA, bi An oi|\eAt) fin 
Cuic fe mA|\b te cmneAf c^oit>e. 

t)i b|\6n moit A1|\ TluAtA, A^tif -oubAi^c fi teif An 

" tli Coi-pspt) m6 tu Cm' Cic 50 mb6i"6 uu lonAnn An c^Ann "oo 
trt -o' AtAii\ AS cuf\ nuAifi -puAif fe bA-p t)o tAfjvAms Ap nA 

pAiT)in A^ An nAonieAnAn, A^uf tus An mAtAi|\ cio6 
06 50 fAib f6 feAcc mbtiA'onA "o'Aoif. Ann fin tts fi AHIAC 6 
te peuCAinc An fAib f6 lonAnn An cjvdnn "oo tA|\-pAins, ACc ni f\Aib. 
tlio|\ 6ui|\ fin Aon onoC-rheifneAC A|\ An mAtAif, tts -pi ApceAc e, 

* O pexxft T)AII b'Ainm btAcA, 1 ti-Aice te TDAite-Aii-jtobA, ^CotTOAe fhuij-eo. 




(Translated by Douglas Hyde.) 

THERE was long ago a married couple of the name of Patrick 
and Nuala O'Keerahan. They were a year and twenty 
married, without having any children, and there was great 
grief on them because they had no heir to leave their share 
of riches to. They had two acres of land, a cow, and a pair 
of goats, and they supposed that they were rich. 

One night Patrick was coming home from a friend's house, 
and when he was come as far as the ruined churchyard, there 
came out a gray old man and said, " God save you." 

"God and Mary save you," says Patrick. 

"-What's putting grief on you? " says the old man. 

;< There isn't much indeed putting grief on me," says 
Patrick, " but I won't be long alive, and I have neither son 
nor daughter to keen after me when I find death." 

" Perhaps you won't be so," says the old man. 

" Alas ! I will," says Patrick, " I'm a year and twenty 
married, and there's no sign yet." 

l ' Take my word that your wife will have a young son 
three-quarters of a year from this very night." 

Patrick went home, joyous enough, and told the story to 

" Arrah, there was nothing in the old man but a dotard 
who was making a mock of you," says Nuala. 

[i Well, ' time is a good story-teller,' " said Patrick. 

It was well, and it was not ill. Before half a year went 
by Patrick saw that Nuala was going to give him an heir, 
and there was great pride on him. He began putting the 
farm in order and leaving everything ready for the young 
heir. The day that sickness came on Nuala, Patrick was 
planting a young tree before the door of the house. When 
the news came to him that Nuala had a young son, there 
was that much joy on him that he fell dead with heart-disease. 

There was great grief on Nuala, and she said to the infant, 
" I will not wean you from my breast u titil you will be able 
to pull up out of the roots the tree that your father was 
planting when he died." 

The infant was called Paudyeen, or little Pat, and the 
mother nursed him at her breast until he was seven years old. 
Then she brought him out to see was he able to pull up the 
tree, but he was not. That put no discouragement on the 
mother; she brought him in, and nursed him for seven years 


An buACAitt "oo bi A 3f At) AJ\ A 

tug cioC feACc mbtiA'onA eite "66, A$uf ni tvAib AO 
Aitt -Ann fAn cij\ lon-dnn teACc fUAf teif 1 n-obAijt. 

AOI CeAnn "oeiftit) nA ceit^e btiAftnA "oeug tux; A mAtAii\ AmA6 
6, te peuCAinc An j\Aib fe icmAnn An cjvAnn -oo CA^jVAins, ACc ni 
mAjt bi ^n cjvAnn 1 n-icip mAit, AUf 45 pAf 50 m6|\. 
fin Aon > ot\o6-rhifneA6 A|\ An niAtAip. 

fi cio6 feACc mbtiAt)nA eite "66, Aguf pAOi Ce^nn 
fin, bi f6 Coni m6^ Aguf Corh tAit)!^ te -pAtAC. 

An ttiAtAift AmA6 6 A^uf -oubAi^c : " tTlup (munA) b-puit cu 
lonAnn An cjvAtin fin TO tA|A|\Ain5 Anoif, ni titibjvAit) m6 Aon 
eite ci6e "Ouic.'* Cuif pdi'Din fmu^Aifte A|\ A tArhAib, 
51Aeim A|\ bun An CfVAinn. An teu-o-iA^Ait) T>O tug 
An cAtAnh -peACc bp^ijAfe A|\ gA6 CAOib T>e, A^uf teif An t)A|\A 
tog fe An C|\Anrr Af nA f|AeAniAib, Aguf cimCiott 

connA T>e C^eAf 615 teif. " 5M* mo C^oi'be tu," AJI fAn niAtAi|\, 
"if -piu ciCe btiAt>Ain Aguf pCe tu." " A niAtAi^," A|\ p-Ai-oin, 
" *o'oib|\i$ cu 50 c^uAiti te biAt) A^uf t>eo6 "oo CAbAijvc -OAni-f A 6 

m6, A^uf c-d f6 i n-Am t)Am Anoif ^ut) ei^m "oo *6eunArh 
ouic-fe, Ann "oo feAn-tAetib. 1f e fed An Ceut>-Cf\Ann t>o CAfi|\- 
me Aguf oeunf Ait) me mAi-oe tAime t)Am pem -oe." Ann fin 
fAb Aguf cuA5, A^uf $eA^ An c|\Ann, AS p.A'sbAit cim- 
e c|\oi$ "oe 'n bun, Aguf bi cnAp AI^, Com m6|\ te cu|\ 
t>e nA cujtAib c|\umne t)o bit>eAt) i n-6i]Mnn An c-Atn fin. tDi Of 
cionn connA meAt)ACAin Ann fAn mAiT)e tAime nuAij\ bi fe 

, tA A|\ nA m^fAC, -puAifi pAit)in 

A beAnnACc Ag A rhAtAif, A$uf -o'lmtig Ag c6|Aui$eACc 
bife. t!)i fe AS fiubAt 50 ocAims fe 50 CAifteAn fiig tAi$eAn. 

T)'^1^t tU1 $ AT1 "P^S * CA> T)O ^^ f^ 'lA^Alt). 

oib^e, mA f6 *oo toit," A|\ pAit>in. " t)fuit Aon 

pAi-oin, " A6c 15 tiom obAi|\ A^ bit T) 
eunAm." " T)eunf Alt) me mA^5At> teAC, 

fAn t\i$, mA tig teAC n-uite mt) A ojAt)6(iAf mif e t>uic A "6eun 
fe mi, beujtfAit) m6 "oo meA'OACAn fem 
oi-ib6fCA, A6c munA *ocis teAC 

ieunAm, CAittfi* cu t>o 6eAnn." " Oim f^fCA teif An 
^n," A-p p-AitDin. " Ueit> AfceAC 'f An fgiobat, Aguf bi A 
bA (buAib) 50 mbeit> T>O CeuT)-pt\onn ^ eit>." 

AfceAC, A^uf puAi|\ An fuifce, ACC ni $Art An 
ACc niAft t|\Aittit^ 1 tAim pAt)-pAis, Aguf "oubAi^c fe teif 
if -peAft^ ^o mAiT>e-tAim' 'n<A An steuf fin." tofui fe 
buAtA* teif An mAit>e-tAim' A^uf nio-p bfAT) 50 

An meA-o 

The Boy who was Long on His Mother. 3767 

more, and there was not a lad in the country who was able 
to keep up with him in his work. 

At the end of fourteen years his mother brought him out 
to see was he able to pull up the tree, but he was not, for the 
tree was in good soil, and growing greatly. That put no 
discouragement on the mother. 

She nursed him for seven more years, and at the end of 
that time he was as large and as strong as a giant. 

His mother brought him out then and said, " Unless you 
are able to pull up that tree now, I will never nurse you again." 

Paudyeen spat on his hands, and got a hold of the bottom 
of the tree, and the first effort he made he shook the ground 
for seven perches on each side of it, and at the second effort 
he lifted the tree from the roots, and about twenty ton of clay 
along with it. 

. " The love of my heart you are," said the mother, " you're 
worth nursing for one and twenty years." 

"Mother," says Paudyeen, "you worked hard to give me 
food and drink since I was born, and it is time now for me 
to do something for you in your old days. This is the first 
tree I ever pulled up, and I'll make myself a hand-stick of it. 
Then he got a saw and axe, and cut the tree, leaving about 
twenty feet of the bottom, and there was a knob on it as big 
as a round tower of the round towers that used to be in 
Erin at that time. There was above a ton weight in the 
hand-stick when Paudyeen had it dressed. 

On the morning of the next day, Paudyeen caught a hold 
of his stick, left his blessing with his mother, and went away 
in search of service. He was traveling till he came to the 
castle of the King of Leinster. The king asked him what he 
was looking for. " Looking for work, if you please," says 

"Have you e'er a trade? " says the king. 

" No," says Paudyeen, " but I can do any work in life that 
ever man did." 

"I'll make a bargain with you," says the king; "if you 
can do everything that I'll order you to do during six months, 
I'll give you your own weight in gold, and my daughter as 
your married wife; but if you are not able to do each thing 
you shall lose your head." 

" I'm satisfied with that bargain," says Paudyeen. 

" Go into the barn, and be threshing oats for the cows till 
your breakfast is ready." 

Paudyeen went in and got the flail, and the flailee/i was 

3768 An buACAitt *oo bi -A bjM'o AH A 

DO bi Ann r An fgiobot buAitce Aige. Ann fin CUAIT> re AITIAC 
rAn nsAjvbA Aguf cofuij AS buAtA-6 nA -pcAcA coi|\ce A$ur c|\uit- 
neACCA, gun cuin fe citeAnnA sn A1n AH peAt) nA cine. Ain/s An 
|\1$ AttiAc Aj;ur t)ubAinc, " Coirs t)o tAtfi, At>eifim, no 
cu me. Uei"6 A$ur bein cuptA buiceut) tnrse cum nA 
Af An toe UT> fiof, A^tjf b6it> An teice ptiA^ 50 le<5f\ 
cu Afv Aif." T)'peu6 pAi'oin tA]tc, A^uf 6onnAi|\c f6 *OA 
mo^ potAm, te coif bAtlA. PWAI^ f6 st 161 " 1 ft M > ceAnn 
Ann 5AC tAirh, CuAit) Cum An toCA, Aguf tug IAT> UoncA 50 cut 
An CAifle^m. t)i lon^AncAf A]\ An j\i nuAi|\ connAi|\c f6 

C6ACC, A^Uf T)UbA1|\C f t61f.: *' C^1t!) AfC6AC, C^ An 

teice |\ei-6 "buic." CUAI-O pAiT>in AfceAC, A^uf CUAI* An pig cum 
T)Aitt lic "oo bi Aige, Aguf "o'lnntp re "66 An mA^SAt) T>O |\mne 
pe te pAit)in, A^uf o'friAp|\ui$ fe t>e, c^eut) "oo but) C6i|\ "06 
tAbAif\c te t>eunAm t)o pAi-oin. " x\bAi|\ teif -out fiof A^uf An 
toe t)o tAO'bmA'o, A^tif e t>o beit "oeuncA Aise, feAt mA ocei'6 An 
An CfiAtn6nA fo." 

An fi5 ^r pAiT>in Aguf T>ubAi|AC teif : " CAO'bm An toe 
fin fiof Aguf biot) f6 "oeuncA A^AT) feAt mA ocei'b An j^iAn fAoi 
W CftAtnonA f o." " TTlAit 50 teop," A|\ pAit)in, " ACC CIA An Aic 
^ cui|\-peAf me An c-uifge ? " " Cui^ Ann f An ngteAnn mojt ACA i 
n^A^ "oo'n toe e," A|\ fAn fig. Hi JVAIO it)i|\ An gteAnn A^uf -A" 
toe ACC fgonf A, A^uf bi-OeAt) nA -OAoine AS t>eunAm b6tAi^-coife 
6e. "puAip pAit)in buiceut), picdit) A^uf tAitie, Aguf cuAit) cum 
An to6A. t)i bun An gteAnnA cot^om te bun An tocA. CuAit) 
pAiT)in AfceA6 'f AT1 tigteAnn A^uf pinne pott AfceAc 50 bun An 
tocA. Ann fin Cui^ re A beut A^ An bpott, CAf|\Ains AnAt 
frAS r^ b|\Aon tir5^> 1A f5> nA b^t), Ann 

6 -AWA6 teir An AnAt r in > ^s^f ^^ cui|\ 

Ann p n " u11 f r uA f At1 pott. 
tluAi|\ "o'freuc An ^15 p o rj connAi^c re An to6 com ci|\m te boir 
oo tAime, A^ur niot\ bpAt) 50 "oc^ims p^i-oin cuij;e Agur "oub- 
'* UA An obAi^v r it1 cftfocnuigte, CAT) "oeun-pAr me "ouic 
? " " Hi't Aon HUT) eite te "oeunAm A^AT) Antnu, ACC 
ASAT> te "oeunAm AniA^Ac." An oiTbce ^rt, cui|\ An -^15 
AH AH nT)Att Stic, Aur "o'lnm-p "06 An CAOI AH cAot)m pAiT)in An 
toe, Aur nAC H A1 fior Aige cneut) -oo beAHf At) r^ "oo te t>eunAm. 
" UxS por A^Am-r^ An mt) HAC mb6ii!) r^ lonAnn A t)eunAm, AH 
mAiT)in AmAHAc, CAbAiH rst 1 ^ 11111 ^^ ct>rn "^c* t>eAHbH^cAH 1 
im, AbAiH teir "o^ piciT) connA cntii^ieAccA "DO tAbAinc cu^At), 
A beit AH Air Ann f P^oi ceAnn ceitne uAine AH 
An creAn-tAiH Agur A cAiHC "06, A$ur cig teAC beit cmnce nAc 
^ -AT 1 A1 f'" ^ triAiTtm, t-A AH nA rhAnAC, AIH ^n H^S 

The Boy who was Long on His Mother. 3769 

only like a traneen in Paudyeen's hand, and he said to himself, 
" My hand-stick is better than that contrivance." He begar 
threshing with the hand-stick, and it was not long till he had 
all that was in the barn threshed. Then he went out into 
the garden and began threshing the stacks of oats and wheat, 
so that he sent showers of grain throughout the country. 

The king came out and said, " Hold your hand, or you'll 
destroy me. Go and bring a couple of buckets of water to 
the servants out of that loch down there, and the stirabout 
will be sufficiently cool when you come back." 

Paudyeen looked round, and he saw two great empty barrels 
beside the wall. He caught hold of them, one in each hand, 
went to the lake, and brought them filled to the back of the 
castle door. There was wonder on the king when he saw 
Paudyeen arriving, and he said to him, " Go in, the stirabout's 
ready for you." 

Paudyeen went in, but the king went to a Dall Glic, or 
'cunning blind man that he had, and told him the bargain 
that he made with Paudyeen, and asked him what he ought 
to give Paudyeen to do. 

" Tell him to go down and teem [bail out] that lake, and 
him to have it done before the sun goes under this evening." 

The king called Paudyeen, and said to him, " Teem that 
lake down there, and let you have it done before the sun 
goes under this evening." 

" Very well," says Paudyeen, " but where shall I put the 

" Put it into the great glen that is near the lake," says the 

There was nothing but a scunce [ditch-bank] between the 
glen and the lake, and the people used to make a foot-road of it. 

Paudyeen got a bucket, a pickaxe, and a loy [narrow spade], 
and he went to the lake. The bottom of the glen was even 
with the bottom of the lake. Paudyeen went into the glen 
and made a hole in the bottom of the lake. Then he put 
his mouth to the hole, drew a long breath, and never left 
boat, fish, or drop of water in the lake that he did not draw 
out through his body, and cast into the glen. Then he closed 
up the hole. 

When the king looked down he saw the lake as dry as the 
palm of your hand, and it was not long till Paudyeen came 
to him and said, " That work is finished, what shall I do 

" You have nothing else to do to-day, but you shall have 
plenty to do to-morrow." 


An tuiACAill -oo bi A bf A-O Af A 

pAiT>in, A^uf tt>5 An fgfibmn t>6, Aguf t)ubAifU leif, PA$ -An 
t4if Aj;uf An c*XifC Aguf ceit) 50 ^Aittim. t^AbAif An fgfibmn 
feo "oom' t>eAfbfAtAif, A5Uf AbAif teif t>A ficit> connA cftnt- 
neAccA "oo tAbAifc "ouic, A$uf bi Af Aif Ann f o PAOI ceAnn ceitfe 

UA1fe Af fMCIt)." 

puAif pAit>in An LAijt A^uf An cAifC, A^uf 6uAit> A^ An 
Hi |\Aib An t^i|\ lonAnn niof mo nA ceit|\e mite f An UAIJA "oo 
CeAn^Ait, pAiT>in An tAi^ A|\ An SCAIJAC, Cuif\ A|\ A guAlAin e, 
Af 50 bj\At teif, CA]t cnocAib Agtif 5leAnncAit>, 50 mDeACAit) f6 50 
fe An Uci^ "oo t)eA|\Gt\AtAit\ An |\i$, PUAI^ An 

ui|\ A|\ An SCAIJAC 6. tluAi^ Cuifi -pe An tAi|\ 
An SCAIJAC, iMnneAt) "oA teit T)'A x>tunm. Cui^ pAi'oin An 

Ann fAn f^iobot. TluAi]\ CuAit) muinncifv An CAifteAin 'nA 
-AiiDin Cum An CuAin, A^uf nio|\ fA$ fe ftAt>f\A 
A|\ An tom^eAf nA^A tu^ f6 teif. Ann fin -p6mAi|\ fe fAoi An 
f5iob6t, CeAn^Ait nA ftAb|\ACA cimCiott AIJA, A$uf Af 50 
teif, Aguf An fgiobOt A^uf ^AC A j\Aib Ann A|\ A t>junm. 
fe CA|A cnocAib A5Uf gteAnncAib, A^uf nio^ fcop 
f^iobot 1 tAtAit\ 6AifleAin An fi$- t)i tA6Ai 
eA6A Ann fAn fjiobdt. Af mAi-om 50 moC, o'feut An fit; 
Af A feomfA A^uf cfeut) "o'feicfeAt) f6 A6c fgiobCt A t>eA|\ 

" TTT AnAm 6'n oiAbAt," Af fAn fi$ " f 6 fin An f eAf if 
ion5AncAie 5 f An "oorhAn." tJAim^ fe AnAf 
te nA mAit)e Ann A t^im, 'nA feAfAm te coif An 

" An "ociis cu An cfuitneAcc cuj;Am ? " Af fAn fi. 

" tJu^Af ," Af pAiT>in, " ACC c^ An cf eAn-tAif mAfb." Ann 
fin "o'lnnif fe t>o'n fig gA6 ni"6 "o*^ n'oeAfnAi'b fe 6 t)'imti$ fe 
50 t)C-dmi5 f6 Af Aif. 

Hi fAib fiof AS An fi$ cfeut) "oo "beun-pAt) fe, A^ttf "o'imti$ fe 
6um An t!)AiU, $tic, A^uf "oubAifc teif , " muf (munA) 
cu "6Am ni*6 nA6 mbeit) An feAf fin lonnAn A 
m6 An ceAnn t)ioc." 

SmuAin An t)AU ^tic CAmAtt A^tif -oubAifc, " AbAif teif 50 
bfuit X)0 -beAfbfAtAif i n-iffionn, A^tif 50 mbut) rhAit teAC 
ArhAfC t)o beit A^A^O Aif, A^tif AbAif teif 6 T>O tAbAi-pc 
50 mbeit) ArhAfc AJ;AT> Aif ; nuAif A geobAf fiAt) m n 
e, ni tei5fi-6 fiAt) *oo ceAcc Af Aif ." 

5-iif An fi pxSi-oin A^tjf *oubAifc teif , " CA -oeAfbf AtAif 
1 n-iffionn A^uf CAbAif cu^Am e, 50 mbei* ArhAfc A^Am Aif." 
CIA An 6AO1 AitneotAit) me T>O tieAfbfAtAif 6 nA "OAoimb eite 
'fAn Aic fin ? " Af 


The Boy who was Long on His Mother. 3771 

That night the king sent for the Ball Glic, and told him the 
way that Paudyeen teemed out the lake, and [said] that he 
did not know what to give him to do. 

" I know the thing that he won't be able to do. To-morrow 
morning give him 'a writing to your brother in Gal way, and 
tell him to bring you forty tons of wheat, and to be back 
here in twenty-four hours. Give him the old mare and the 
cart, and you may be sure he won't come back." 

On the morning of the next day the king called Paudyeen 
and gave him the writing and said to him, " Get the mare and 
the cart, and go to Galway. Give the writing to my brother, 
and tell him to give you twenty tons of wheat, and be back 
here in twenty-four hours." 

Paudyeen got the mare and the cart, and went on the road. 
The mare was not able to travel more than four miles in the 
hour. Paudyeen tied the mare to the cart, put it on 
his shoulder, and off and away with him over hills and 
hollows, till he came to Galway. He gave the letter to the 
king's brother, got the wheat, and put it on the cart. When 
he put the mare under the cart, there were two halves made 
of its back [the load was so heavy]. Then Paudyeen put the 
wheat back into the barn. When the people of the castle 
went to sleep, Paudyeen went to the harbor, and he never 
left a chain on the shipping that he did not take with him. 
Then he dug under the barn [slipped the chains under] and 
tied them round it, and off and away with him, and the barn 
with all that was in it on his back. He went over hills and 
glens, and never stopped till he left the barn in front 
of the king's castle. There were ducks, hens, and geese in 
the barn. Early in the morning the king looked out of his 
room, and what should he see but his brother's barn. 

" My soul from the devil," said the king, " but that's the 
most wonderful man in the world." He came down and found 
Paudyeen with his stick in his hand standing beside the barn. 

" Did you bring me the wheat? " says the king. 

" I brought it," says Paudyeen, " but the old mare is dead." 
Then he told the king everything he had done from the time 
he went away till he came back. 

The king did not know what he should do, and he went to 
the Ball Glic, and said to him, " Unless you tell me a thing 
which that man will not be able to do, I will strike the head 
off you." 

The Ball Glic thought for a while and said, "Tell him that 
your brother is in hell, and that you would like to have a 
sight of him; and to bring him to you, until you have a 


An buACAitt t>o bi A 

flACAlt fTAT)A 1 5CeAj\C-tAp A CApbAIT) UACCAJtA1$, 


Ctii|t pAi-oin ftrmsAiiae ay, A thAnse, buAit An btftAf, Ajuf niojt 
50 t>CAini5 fe 50 seACA ipt^nn. t)uAit p6 buitte A^ -An 
n^eACA "oo cuij\ ApceAC Atnedfs nA nT>iAbAt 6, A^uf fiubAit fe 
pem AfceAC 5 nA "6iAi$. tluAifi ConnAi^c t)etfibut> 6 A^ 
A1|\, A$uf > O'FIAFI\UI$ f6 "66 c^eut) "oo 


" A^ t)elfibtJb. 
"O'peuC pAi-oin tAiAC, ACc puAif f6 niof m6 nA t)A 161-0 

f A CAbAlt) UACCA\A1 ACA. 

m6 An c-iomtAn ACA tiom, A^uf cig teif An 

lOCAt) AfCA." 

f 6 t)A ficit) ACA AmA6 f oinie, A^uf n!o|\ -prop 50 
CAifteAin An t\i$. Ann fin $AIJ\ f6 A|\ An f 
leif, "p 1oc 

x>o ^eA^b^AtAi^ Af nA -pijx (j?eAj\Aib) f e6." 
connAi|\c f 6 nA "oiAbAit te n-At)A|\CAib 


Ajt A1f 1AT). 

te nA 

t)tlbA1|\C, " CAbA1|A 

cui|\ f 6 A|V Aif 50 

CuAi-6 An ftf$ cum An t)Aitt $tic, 

t)6 An 


l\mne pAit)in, 

teif , " ni ^15 teAC mnfinc "OAm Aon 

nit) nAc bpuit f^ lonAnn A t>eunArii, 


CAittpt) cu t)o CeAnn 

An ConnACCA6 A bjMT) be6. xX-p mAit)in 

teif, An CObA^A ACxi 1 tAtA1f\ An CAifteAin "DO tAO"6- 

biot) p|\ |\6it!) A^AT), A^uf nt>Ai^ A eobAf c fiof Ann fAn 
6, AbAi^ teip nA pi|\ (^eA^Aib), An cto6 rhuitmn ACA te coif 
An bAttA -oo CAiteArh fiop 'nA niuttA6, A^uf mAfbOcAit) fin e.'* 

A^\ mAiTHn, tA Afv nA rhAfVAC, $ A1 t* An ^$ pAiTJin A^uf "oubAifu; 
*' ceit) A^tip CAot>m An cobA^ pm CA i tAtAi|\ An 6Aif teAin, 
tJAif A b6it>eAf f6 oeuncA A^At), beuf-pAit) m6 IIACA 
t)uic, if ftiA^AC An cAibin e fin AC^ o^c." 

An j\i te pAiT)in bo6c "oo rhA^bA 

50 bf UAC An cobAifi, tii!) fiof AIJ\ A beut 

The Boy who was Long on His Mother. 3773 

look at him. But when they get him in hell, they won't let 
him come back." 

The king called Paudyeen and said to him, " I have a 
brother in hell, and bring him to me until I have a look at 

" How shall I know your brother from the other people that 
are in that place? " said Paudyeen. 

" He had a long tooth in the very middle of his upper gum," 
says the king. 

Paudyeen spat on his stick, struck the road, and it was not 
long till he came to the gate of hell. He struck a blow upon 
ti^e gate which drove it in amongst the devils, and he himself 
walked in after it. When Belzibub saw him coming there 
came a fear on him, and he asked him what he was wanting. 

" A brother of the King of Leinster is what I am wanting," 
says he. 

" Well, pick him out," says Belzibub. 

Paudyeen looked round him, but he found more than forty 
men who had a long tooth in the very middle of their upper 

" For fear I shouldn't have the right man," said Paudyeen, 
" I'll drive the whole lot of them with me, and the king can 
pick his brother out from among them." 

He drove forty of them out before him, and never stopped 
till he came to the king's castle. Then he called the king 
and said to him, " Pick out your brother from these men." 

When the king looked and saw the devils with horns on 
them, there was fear on him. He screamed to Paudyeen, and 
said, "Bring them back." 

Paudyeen began beating them with his stick, till he sent 
them back to hell. 

The king went to the Dall Glic and told him the thing 
Paudyeen did, and said to him, " You cannot tell me anything 
that he is not able to do, and you shall lose your head 
to-morrow morning." 

" Give me another trial," says the Dall Glic, " and the 
Connachtman won't be long alive. Tell him to-morrow 
morning to teem the well that is before the castle. Let you 
have men ready, and when you get him down in the well, 
tell the men to throw down the millstone that is beside the 
wall on top of him, and that will kill him." 

On the morning of the next day the king called Paudyeen, 
and said to him, " Go and teem that well in front of the castle, 
and as soon as you have that done I'll give you a new hat; 
that's a miserable old caubeen that's on you." 

3774 xMi bUACAitt t)0 bi A bfAt) Af A 

AS CAffAinj; Ati uifje AfceAC Ann -A beut, 
Am AC uAit) Afif 50 fAib An cobAf lonnAnn Ax;u-p cifm 
fomn beA 1 mt>un An cobAif nAC fAib CAO'omtA, -Aguf CuAi"6 
fiof te nA cif miujAt). tAinij; nA pif teif An ^ctoiC rhoif 
muitmn A^uf CAiteAt)Af fiof Af muttAC pAi'Oin 6. t)i An pott 
oo oi 1 t-AH nA ctoiCe 50 t)itteA6 Corh m6|\ te ceAnn "pAi-oin, 
fAOit fe 5t\ b' 6 An TIACA ntiAt) T>O CAit An -pig fiof Cui^e, 
$LAot) fe fWAf : " cAim buit)eA(i "oiou, A rhAi^i-pciiA, A-JA -pon An 
tiAUA nuAnX" Ann fin tAimg fe fUAf teif An ^ctoiC nitntinn AJA 
A 6eAnn. t)i b|A6T) m6j\ Ai^e Af An IIACA nuA'o. t)i 
A 1 ! |\i$ A^uf AJA ti-tnte "oume eite, 
t^if An sctoiC rhtntmn Af A CeAnn. 

)i fiof AS An fi nAC |\Aib Aon rhAit -66 Aon nit) eite t)o 
oo pAit)in te oeunArh, A^tif T>ubAi|\c -pe teif, " if cu An -peA|Ab- 
fr 6$AncA if peA|\f\ "oo bi A^Am AfiArh ; ni't Aon nil!) eite A^Ain "otnc 
te "oeunArh, A^tif CA|\ tiom-f A, 50 "ocugAit) me "oo CUA-JA AfCAt 
tli't m* m$eAn feAn 50 tedf te pCfA'd, ACc nuAijv A bei-OeAf 
btiAt)Ain Asup pice -D'Aoif, 15 teAC i T>O beit 

tli't "o'mgeAn A 1 ceAfC^t ikMm," AJA 

An -pig e Cum An Cipce, An ^ic A j\Aib 50 teCf 6i]\, 
teif : " bAin "oioc *oo IIACA nuA'o, A^uf ceit) 

" 5 "oeiifiin. ni bAinfi'o m6 mo IIACA "610m, b|\onn cufA o^m e," 
A|\ p^i"oin, <; bei'beAt) fe Com mAit "otiic mo bfifce "oo bAinc 

Hi ^Aib An oifAeA'o 61^ A^uf A meAt)6CA'6 IIACA 'pAi'oin, ACc 

fOC|AU1$ An |A1$ teif A5 CAbA1f\C T)6 T>^ tflAtA <31|A. CtJ1| 

ce-Atin ACA -pAOi 5AC AfCAtt, fUAij\ s^eim A1|\ A rhAi'oe, An 
nuA-6 A|\ A CeAnn, A^uf Af 50 b|\At ttif, CAJ\ cnocAib 
, 50 T)cAmi5 fe A-bAite. 

ConnAij\c "OAome An bAite p^it)in A$ ueACc teif An 
mtntmn Af A CeAnn, bi longAncAf m(3|\ offA ; ACc ntiAi 
An m^tAif An t)^ rh^tA 6i|\, but) beA^ nAf ttnc fi mAf b te tuc- 
$Aife. t:ofui$ pAi"oin, Ajuf Cuif\ fe ceAC bfe^$ Af bun TX5 
pem, A^uf *o'^ m^CAif. Tlinne fe ceitfe teit (teACAnnA) "oe 'n 
HACA nuAt), A^uf finne ctoCA cuinne t)iob *oo 'n ceAC: Congbuig 
fe A mAcAif mAf mnAoi uAfAit 50 bpuAif fi bAf te feAti-.oif, 
CAit f e pem beAtA tfiAit i nsf-A-O T)e Aguf HA 5-c6mA|\fAti. 


The Boy who was Long on His Mother. 3775 

The king had the men ready to kill poor Paudyeen if they 
were able. 

^ Paudyeen came to the brink of the well, and lay down with 
his mouth under, and began drawing the water into his mouth 
and spouting it out behind him until he had the well all as 
one as dry. There was a little quantity of water on the bottom 
of the well that was not teemed, and Paudyeen went down to 
dry it. The men came then with the great millstone, am\ 
threw it down on the top of Paudyeen. The hole that was in 
the middle of the stone was just as big as Paudyeen's head, 
and he thought it was the new hat the king had thrown down 
to him, and called up and said, " I'm thankful to you, master, 
for the new hat." Then he came up with the millstone on his 
head. He had great pride out of the new hat. There was 
wonder on the king and on every one else when they saw 
the millstone on his head. 

The king knew that it was no use for him to give Paudyeen 
anything else to do, so he said to him, " You're the best servant 
that ever I had. I've nothing else for you to do, but come 
with me till I give you your wages. My daughter is not 
old enough to marry, but when she is one and twenty years 
of age you can have her." 

" I do not want your daughter," said Paudyeen. 

The king brought him then to the treasury, where there 
was plenty of gold, and said, " Take off your new hat and 
get into the scales." 

" Indeed I won't take off my new hat ; you gave it to me/' 
said Paudyeen; " you might as well take off my breeches." 

There was not as much gold as would weigh Paudyeen's 
hat, but the king settled with him by giving him two bags of 
gold. Paudyeen put one of them under each oxter [arm-pit], 
got hold of his stick his new hat on his head and off and 
away with him over hills and hollows till he came home. 

When the people of the village saw Paudyeen coming with 
the millstone on his head, there was great wonder on them; 
but when the mother saw the two bags of gold, it was little 
but she fell dead with joy. 

Paudyeen began working, and set up a fine house for himself 
and his mother. He made four parts of the new hat, and 
made corner-stones of them for the house. He kept his mother 
like a lady, until she died of old age; and he spent a good 
life himself, in the love of God and of tho neighbors. 


T)^ mbei'oinn-fe AIJA TtlAtA rieifin 
*S mo Ceu'o-tjjvA'o te mo CAOIO,- 

1f tA$AC CoiT>e6tAtnAOif 
TT)Af\ ATI c-einin Aij\ -ATI 

*S6 "oo beitin bmn 
"Oo rheu'OAig A1|\ mo 
co-oUro ciOm ni 

tHo CAijvoe tiite p^oi 
' clti 

6 mo 
bexxn mo 

Aoibinn -oo TIA h- 

A ^it^S^f 5 
'S A Co-oUii$e-Af i 

Ai^ Aon 6jvAoibin 
Hi mA|\ fin t)Am p^m 

A'f *oo m' Ceut> mite 
If p^'OA 6 nA C6ite o|\i\Ainn 


CCAf A1]\ An 

HA A1|\ An tAn-mA|\A AS 
te n-eu-OAn An Ctoi*6e 
biof An 

T)o tei eA-o A 





[" Love Songs of Connacht."] 

Did I stand on the bald top of Ne*fin 

And my hundred-times loved one with me, 
We should nestle together as safe in 

Its shade as the birds on a tree. 
From your lips such a music is shaken, 

When you speak it awakens my pain, 
And my eyelids by sleep are forsaken, 

And I seek for my slumber in vain. 

But were I on the fields of the ocean 

I should sport on its infinite room, 
I should plow through the billows' commotion 

Though my friends should look dark at my doom. 
For the flower of all maidens of magic 

Is beside me where'er I may be, 
And my heart like a coal is extinguished, 

Not a woman takes pity on me. 

How well for the birds in all weather, 

They rise up on high in the air, 
And then sleep upon one bough together 

Without sorrow or trouble or care; 
But so it is not in this world 

For myself and my thousand-times fair, 
For, away, far apart from each other, 

Each day rises barren and bare. 

Say, what dost thou think of the heavens 

When the heat overmasters the day, 
Or what when the steam of the tide 

Rises up in the face of the bay ? 
Even so is the man who has given 

An inordinate love-gift away, 
Like a tree on a mountain all riven 

Without blossom or leaflet or spray. 



Sgriobh me an sgeul so, focal ar fhocal. o bheul sean-mhna de mhuinntir 
Bhriain ag Cill-Aodain, anaice le Coilite-mach i gcondae Mhuigh-E6. 

An CftAoibhin. 

Bhi righ i n-Eirinn, fad 6 shoin, agus bhi da 'r 'eag mac aige: 
Agus ghabh so amach la ag siiibhal anaice le loch, agus chonnairc 
se lacha agus dha cheann deag d' eanachaibh leithe. Bhi si [ag] 
bualadh an domhadh ceann deag uaithi, agus ag congbhail aoin 
cheann deag leithe fein. 

Agus thainig an righ a-bhaile chuig a bhean fein, agus dubhairt 
se leithe go bhfacaidh se iongnadh mor andhiii, go bhfacaidh se 
lacha agus dha cheann deag d' eanachaibh leithe, agus go raibh 
si ag dibirt an domhadh ceann deag uaithi. Agus dubhairt an 
bhean leis, " ni de thir na de thalamh thu, nach bhfuil fhios agad 
gur gheall si ceann do'n Deachmhaidh agus go raibh si chomh 
cineaita agus go dtug si amach an da cheann deag." 

" Ni de thir na de thalamh thu," ar seisean, " ta dha cheann 
deag de mhacaibh agam-sa, agus caithfidh ceann dul chuig an 

" Ni h-ionnann na daoine agus eanacha na gcnoc le cheile," 
[ar sise]. 

Ghabh se sios ann sin chuig an Sean-Dall Glic, agus dubhairt 
an Sean-Dall Glic nach ionnann daoine agus eanacha na gcnoc le 
cheile. Dubhairt an righ go gcaithfidh ceann aca dul chuig an 
Deachmhaidh, " agus cad e an ceann," ar seisean, " bhearfas me 
chuig an Deachmhaidh ? " 

" Ta do dha-deag cloinne ag dul chum sgoile, agus abair leo 
lamh thabhairt i laimh a-cheile, dul chum sgoile, agus an chead 
fhear aca bheidheas 'san mbaile agad go dtiubhraidh tii dinear 
maith dho, agus cuir an fear deiridh chum bealaigh ann sin." 

Rhine se sin. An t-oidhre do bhi ar deireadh, agus nior fhead 
se an t-oidhre chur chum bealaigh. 

Chuir se amach ag tiomaint ann sin iad, seisear ar gach taoibh 
agus an taobh do bhi ag gnothughadh, bhi se ag tarraing fear 
[fir] uaithi, agus da thabhairt do ? n taoibh do bhi ag cailleamhain. 
Faoi dheireadh bhain aon fhear amhain an liathroid de'n aon 
fhear deag. Dubhairt an t-athair leis, ann sin, " a mhic," ar 
seisean, " caithfidh tu dul chuig an Deachmhaidh." 

" Ni rachaidh mise chuig an Deachmhaidh, a athair," ar seisean 



[Written down in Irish by Douglas Hyde at the dictation of an old 
woman in County Mayo, and translated from the French of G Dottin 
by Charles Welsh.] 

ONCE upon a time in Ireland, and a long time ago at tliat, there 
was a king who had twelve sons. He went one day to walk 
by the borders of a lake, and there he saw a female duck with 
twelve little ones. Eleven of them she kept close by her side, 
but with the twelfth she would have nothing to do, and was 
always chasing it away. 

The King went home and told his wife that he had seen a 
very wonderful thing that day; that he had seen a female 
duck with twelve little ones. Eleven she kept close by her side, 
but with the twelfth she would have nothing to do, and was 
always chasing it away. 

His wife said, " You're neither of people or land. Do you 
know that she has promised one of her brood to the 
Deachmhaidh, and that the duck is of such a fine breed that 
she has hatched out twelve." 

" You re neither of people or land," he replied. " I have 
twelve sons, and one of them must certainly go to the Deachm- 

His wife answered him, " People and birds of the hillside 
are not the same thing." 

Then he went to find the old blind diviner, and the old blind 
diviner told him that the people and the birds of the hillside 
were not the same. 

The King told the old blind diviner that one out of his 
children must go to the Deachmhaidh. " And what I want to 
know," said he, " is which one shall I send to the Deachm- 

" Your children are now going to school. Tell them to walk 
hand-in-hand as they go to school, and that you will give to 
him who shall be first in the house again a good dinner ; and 
it will be the last one that you will be sending away." 

He did so, but it was his son and heir who was the last one, 
and he couldn't think of sending his son and heir away. He 
then sent them to play a hurling match six on one side and 
six on the other and from the side which won he took one away 
and gave it to the side which lost. At last, a single one swept 
away the ball from the eleven others. Then he said to ^ that 
one/*' My son, it is you that will be going to the Deachmhaidh." 

3780 An Lacha Dhearg; 

" tabhair dham costas, agus rachaidh me ag feachain m' fhor- 

D'imthigh se ar maidin, agus bhi se ag siubhal go dtainig an 
oidhche, agus casadh asteach i dteach beag e nach raibh ann acht 
sean-fhear, agus chuir se failte roimh Realandar mac righ Eireann. 
" Ni'l mall ort " [ar seisean leis an mac righ] " do shaidhbhreas 
do dheunamh amarach ma ta aon mhaith ionnat id' /ow/-eiridh, 
[seilgire]. Ta inghean righ an Domhain-Shoir ag tigheacht chuig 
an loch beag sin shios, amarach, agus nior thainig si le seacht 
mbliadhnaibh roimhe ; agus beidh da cheann deag de mhnaibh- 
coimhdeacht leithe. Teirigh i bhfolach ann san tseisg go gcaithfidh 
siad a da cheann deag de cochaill diobh. Leagfaidh sise a cochall 
fein leith-thaobh, mar ta [an oiread sin] d' onoir innti, agus nuair 
gheobhas tusa amuigh ann san tsnamh iad, eirigh agus beir ar an 
gcochall: Fillfidh sise, asteach ar ais, agus dearfaidh si, " a mhic 
righ Eireann tabhair dham mo chochall." Agus dearfaidh tusa 
nach dtiubhraidh [tii]. Agus dearfaidh sise leat, " muna dtugann 
tii ded' dheoin go dtiubhraidh tii ded' aimhdheoin e." Abair 
leithe nach dtiubhraidh tii ded' dheoin, na de d' aimhdheoin di e 
[muna ngeallann si do phosadh]. Dearfaidh si, ann sin, nach 
bhfuil sin le faghail agad mur [muna] n-aithnigheann tii i aris. 
Geobhaidh siad amach uait ann san tsnamh aris, agus deanfaidh 
siad tri easconna deag diobh fein. Beidh sise 'na rubailin [ear, 
baillin] suarach ar uachtar ; ni thig leithe bheith ar deireadh- 
mar ta onoir innti, agus beidh si ag caint leat. Aithneochaidh tii 
air sin i, agus abair go dtogfaidh tii i fein i gcomhnuidhe, an ceann 
a bheidheas ag caint leat. Dearfaidh sise ann sin, " Caillte an 
sgeul, an fear thug a athair do'n Deachmhaidh areir, geallamhain 
posta ag inghin Righ an Domhain-Shoir andhiii air' ! " 

[Dubhairt an mac righ leis an sean-fhear go ndeanfadh se gach 
rud mar dubhairt se leis. Chuaidh se amach ar maidin chuig an 
loch agus thdrla h-uile short go direach mar dubhairt an sean- 

Nuair bhi an bhean gn6thaighthe aige] d'imthigh an da-Yeug 
cailin a-bhaile. Tharraing sise amach slaitin draoidheachta, agus 
bhuail si ar dha bhuachalldn buidhe i, agus rinne si dd chapall 
marcuigheachta dhiobh. 

Bhi siad ag siiibhal ann sin, go dtainig an oidhche, agus bhi si 
ag teach oncail di, ar dtuitim na h-oidhche. Agus dubhairt si le 
mac righ Eireann eochair riima na sead d' iarraidh ar an oncal, 
agus go bhfuighfeadh se i fein astigh ann san riima roimhe. [Ni 
raibh fhios ag an oncal, go raibh sise ann, chor ar bith, agus shaoil 
se gur ag iarraidh a inghine fein thainig mac righ Eireann chuige.] 

The Red DucL 3781 

" I will not be going to the DeachmhaidK," said He. " Give 
me some money and I will go and make my fortune." He 
started off the next morning, and walked until it was night, 
and came to a little house where there was nobody but an old 
man, who welcomed Realander, the son of the King of Ireland. 

" It will be no delay of you," said he, to the son of the 
King, " to make your fortune to-morrow morning, if you are 
any good as a hunter of birds. The daughter of the King of 
the Eastern World is coming to the little lake you see down 
there to-morrow morning. She will have twelve women 
attendants with her. Hide yourself in the rushes until they 
throw down their twelve hoods and cloaks. The daughter of 
the King will throw her hood and cloak in a separate place 
from the rest ; and when you see them go in to swim, jump up 
and take her hood and cloak. The Princess will come to the 
edge of the lake, and she will say, " Son of the King of 
Ireland, give me my hood, and cloak." And you will tell her 
then that you will not ; and she will say to you, " If you don't 
give it to me with a good will, you will give it to me with a 
bad will." Tell her that you will neither give it to her with a 

ood will or a bad will, unless she will promise to marry you. 
he will then say, that you shall not have her, unless you can 
recognise her again. 

Then she and her attendants will swim away, and they will 
be changed into thirteen eels. She will be the smallest and the 
meanest one, but she will lead, because she is a person of 
honor, and could not follow her train, and she will speak to 
you. You will recognize her again by this, and you will say 
that you will marry the eel who has spoken to you. Then she 
will say, " Oh, unhappy story, he whose father sent him to the 
Deachmhaidh last night, has to-day received a promise of 
marriage from the daughter of the King of the Eastern 

The King's son told the wise old man that he would do all 
that he told him to do. The next morning he went to the lake, 
and everything happened as the wise old man had said. 

When he had gained the daughter of the King of the 
Eastern World, the twelve attendants started for home. 
The Princess drew a magic wand and struck two tufts of 
yellow ragwort with it, and they were at once turned into two 
saddle-horses. They travelled on until night was coming, 
and when night came, they found themselves at the home of 
an uncle of hers. She told the son of the King of Ireland to 
ask her uncle for the key of the treasure chamber, and that he 
would find her in that chamber. The uncle did not know that 

1782 An Lacha Dhezrg. 

Fuair se an eocliair 6'n oncal, agus chuaidh se asteach, agus 
fuair se mar bean bhreagh astigh ann san riima i. Bhi siad ag 
caint go h-am suipeir. D'iarr si air, a cheann do leagan ar a 
h-uchd. Rinne se sin, agus chuir si bioran suain ann a cheann go 
maidin. Nuair tharraing si amach an bioran ar maidin, dhuisigh 
se, agus dubhairt si leis go raibh fathach mor le marbhadh aige 
ar son inghine a h-oncail. 

Ghabh se amach chum na coille [ag iarraidh an fhathaigh]. 
" Fud, fad, feasog ! " ar san fathach, " mothaighim boladh an 
Eireannaigh bhreagaigh bhradaigh." 

" Nar ba soirmid (?) bidh na digh ort, a fhathaigh bhroich ! " 

" Cad e [is] fearr leat-sa caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga 
no gabhail de sgeannaibh glasa i mbarr easnacha a-cheile ? " 

" Is fearr liom-sa caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga, 'n ait 
a mbeidh mo chosa mine uaisle i n-uachtar, agus do spaga mio- 
stuamacha ag dul i n-iochtar." 

Rug an dias gaisgidheach ar a cheile, agus da dteidhfidhe ag 
amharc ar ghaisge ar bith na ar chruadh-chomhrac, is orra racha 
d'amharc. Dheanfadh siad cruadhan de 'n bhogan agus bogan 
den chruadhan, agus tharrongadh siad toibreacha fior-uisge tre 
lar na gcloch glas. [Bhi siad ag troid mar sin] gur chuimhnigh 
mac righ Eireann nach raibh fear a chaointe na a shinte aige. 
Leis sin thug se fasgadh do'n fhathach do chuir go dti na gliina 
e, agus an dara fasgadh go dti an basta, agus an triomhadh 
fasgadh go meall a bhraghaid go doimhin. 

" Fod glas os do chionn a fhathaigh ! " 

" Is fior sin ; seoide mac-righ agus tighearna bhearfas me dhuit, 
acht sporail m'anam dam." 

" Do sheoide i lathair a bhodaigh ! " " Bhearfaidh me cloidh- 
eamh solais a bhfuil faobhar an ghearrtha agus faobhar an 
bhearrtha [air agus] treas faobhar, teine 'na chiil, agus ceol ann 
a mhaide." 

" Cia [chaoi] bhfeachaidh me mianach do chloidhimh ? " 

" Sin thall sean-smotan maide [ata ann sin] le bliadhain agus 
seacht gcead bliadhan." 

" Ni fheicim aon smota 'san gcoill is mo chuir grain orm 'na do 
shean-cheann fein." Bhuail se i gcomhgar a chinn a bhinn agus 
a mhuineill e. Bhain se an ceann de, gan meisge gan mearbhal. 
Chaith se naol n-iomaire agus naoi n-eitrighe uaidh e. 

The Red Duck. 3733 

she was there at all, but he thought it was in search of his 
own daughter the son of the King of Ireland had come. 

He got the key from the uncle; he went in and found her 
in the chamber in the form of a beautiful woman. They talked 
together until supper time. She asked him to rest his head on 
her bosom; he did so, and she trust the pin of sleep into his 
head, until morning. 

When she took out the pin he woke up, and she told him 
that he had a giant to kill because of her uncle's daughter. 

He went out into the woods to seek the giant. " Fud fod 
fesog," said the giant, "I smell the smell of a lying Irish 

^ " May you be without the food and without the drink, you 
dirty giant." 

"Which do you prefer, to fight on the red-hot flagstones, or 
shall we fight to plunge the knives of gray steel in each other's 
sides? " 

" I prefer to fight on the red-hot flagstones, where my small 
pretty feet shall be on top, and where your heavy, ill-built 
hoofs shall be going to the bottom." 

The two warriors then attacked each other, and if you would 
go to see the brave and the fierce fighting, it is there that you 
would go to see it. They made a hard place of a soft place 
and a soft place of a hard place, and they made wells of 
fresh water run over the gray flagstones. And so they went 
on fighting until the son of the King of Ireland remembered 
that he had no one who would keene over him if he died, 
nor who would lay him out or wake him. 

Thereupon he gave the giant a terrible grip, and buried him 
into the ground up to his knees, and then another which 
buried him up to his waist, and then another which buried 
him deep up as far as the lump of the throat. "Now for a 
green turf over your head, giant." 

"It is true. The treasures of the sons of the kings and 
lords I will give them to you, but spare my life." 

"The treasures on the spot, you rascal." 

"I will give you the sword of life, which has an edge to 
cut and an edge to raze, and a third edge of fire in the back, 
and music in the handle." 

" How shall I try the temper of your sword? " 

"There is an old block of wood which has been there for 
seven hundred years." 

"I see no block in the wood which is more frightful than 
your head." He smote it at the point where the head joins the 

3784 An Lacha Dhearg. 

" Is fior sin," ar san ceann, " da dteidhinn suas ar an gcolalnn 
aris, a raibh i n-Eirinn ni bhainfeadh siad anuas me ! " 

" Is dona an ghaisgidheacht do rinne tu nuair bhi tu shuas ! n 

Thainig se abhaile [agus ceann an fhathaigh ann a laimh] agus 
dubhairt an t-oncal go raibh trian d'a inghin gnothaighthe aige. 

" Ni buidheach diot-sa ta me, a bhodaigh," ar se. 

Ghabh se asteach ann sin go dti a chailin mna fein, agus chuir 
si bioran suain ann a cheann aris go d' eirigh an la. Bhi dolas 
m6r air nuair nach raibh cead cainte aige l^ithe go maidin. [Nuair 
dhuisigh se ar maidin dubhairt si leis] " ta f attach eile le marb- 
hadh agad, sin d' obair andiii ar son inghine m' oncail aris." 

Chuaidh se chum na coille, agus thainig an fear mor roimhe. 
" Fud, fad, feasog ! mothaighim boladh an Eireannaigh bhradaigh 
bhreagaigh ar fud m' fhoidin diithaigh ! " 

u Ni Eireannach bradach na breagach me, acht fear le ceart 
agus le coir do bhaint asad-sa." 

" Cia fearr leat, caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga na gabhail 
de sgeannaibh glasa i mbarr easnacha a-cheile ? " 

" Is fearr liom-sa caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga, 5 n ait a 
mbeidh mo chosa mine uaisle i n-uachtar, agus do spaga mio- 
stuamacha ag dul i n-iochtar." 

Bhi siad ag troid ann sin gur chuimhnigh mac righ Eireann 
nach raibh fear a chaointe na a shinte aige. Leis sin thug se 
fasgadh do'n fhathach go dti na gliina, agus an dara fasgadh go 
di an basta, agus an triomhadh fasgadh go dti meall a bhraghaid 
'san talamh. 

" Fod glas os do chionn a fhathaigh ! " 

" Is fior sin, is tu an gaisgidheach is fearr d'a bhfacaidh me" 
riarnh no d'a bhfeicfidh m6 choidhche. Agus bhearfaidh me 
seoide mac-righ agus tighearna dhuit, acht sporail m'anam." 

" Do sheoide i lathair a bhodaigh ! " 

"Bhe"arfaidh m6 each caol donn duit, bh6arfas naoi n-uaire 
ar an ngaoith roimpi, sul mbeiridh [sul do bheir] an ghaoth 'na 
diaigh aon uair amhain uirri." 

Thog s an cloidheamh agus chaith se an ceann d6, agus chuir 
se naoi n-iomaire agus naoi n-eitrighe uaidh 6 le neart na buille 

" Ochon go deo?" ar san ceann, "da bhfaghainn dul suas ar 
an gcolainn aris, agus a bhfuil i n-Eirinn ni bhearfadh siad anuas 

The Red Duck. 3785 

neck. He cut off his head without error or mishap ; he threw 
it nine ridges and nine furrows away from him. 

"It is true," said the head, " if I could only join my body 
again, all that is in Ireland could never cut it off." 

" It is a wretched business the feat you did perform when 
you were there." He went to the house with the head of the 
giant in his hand, and the uncle told him he had gained the 
third part of his daughter. 

" I am in no way grateful to you for that, you churl." 

He went into the house and sat by the young girl, who 
again put the pin of sleep into his head until the dawn of 
day. He had great sorrow because he was not allowed to 
speak to her until the morning. When he woke up in the 
morning, she said to him, "You have another giant to kill; 
that is your task again for the daughter of my uncle." 

He went to the wood to seek the giant. " Fud fod fesog," 
said the giant, " I smell the blood of a lying Irish rascal." 

" I am neither lying nor a rascally Irishman, but a man 
who will make you do right and justice." 

" Which do you prefer, to fight on the red-hot flagstones, 
or shall we fight to plunge the knives of gray steel in each 
other's sides ? " 

" I prefer to fight on the red-hot flagstones, where my small 
pretty feet shall be on top, where your heavy ill-built hoofs 
shall be going down." 

They fought until the son of the King of Ireland remembered 
that there was no man to \veep for his loss or to lay him out 
when he was dead. Thereupon he caught the giant in a grip, 
and forced him up to his knees into the earth; a second sent 
him in up to his waist, and a third up to the lump of his throat. 

" A green turf over your head, giant ! " 

" It is true that you are the best fighter than I ever saw, 
or ever shall see, and I will give you the treasures of the sons 
of kings and lords, but spare my life." 

" Give me the treasures on the spot, you rascal." 

" I will give you my light-brown horse, which will beat the 
wind in swiftness nine times before the wind can beat him 

He lifted the sword, cut off the giant's head, and by the force 
of the blow sent it nine ridges and nine furrows away. 

"Alas, what luck," said the head; "if only I got on my 
body again, all that there is in Ireland could never take me 
down again." 

3786 An Lacha Dhearg. 

" Budh bheag an ghaisgidheacht do rinne tii, nuair bhf tii shuas 
uirri cheana ! " 

Thainig se a-bhaile ann sin, agus thainig an t-oncal amach 
roimhe aris : " Ta da dtrian de m' inghin gnothuighthe agad 

" Ni buidheach diot-sa ta me, a bhodaigh." 

Ghabh se asteach ann sin ann san riima, agus fuair se a chailin 
mna fein roimhe, agus ni raibh bean 'san domhan budh bhreagh- 
dha 'na i. Bhi siad ag caint go h-am suipeir, agus dubhairt si 
leis tar eis an t-suipeir a cheann do ieagan ar a h-uchd, agus 
nuair rinne se sin chuir si bioran suain ann go maidin. Bhi se 
triobloideach nuair nach raibh cead cainte aige leithe go maidin. 
[Nuair dhiiisigh se dubhairt si leis.] " Ta fathach eile le marbh- 
adh agad ar son inghine m' oncail aris andiii, agus ta faitchios 
orm go bhfiiighfidh tii cruaidh e seo. Acht seo coileainin beag 
madaidh dhuit, agus leig amach faoi n-a chosaibh e. agus b* 
eidir go dtiubhraidh se congnamh beag duit. Agus amharc ar 
an meadhon-lae de'n la, ar do ghualainn dheis, agus geobhaidh 
tii raise mo cholum geal, agus bhearfaidh me congnamh dhuit." 

Chuaidh se chum na coille agus thainig an fathach mor 

chuige. " Ni mharbhochaidh tii mise le do choinin granna mar 

mharbh tii mo bheirt dhearbhrathar, a raibh fear aca ciiig 
bliadhna agus fear aca seacht mbliadhna go leith." 

"Fualr me garbh go leor iad sin fein," ar sa mac righ 

Ghabh siad de na sgeannaibh glasa i mbarr easnacha a-cheile, 
chuirfeadh siad cith teineadh d'a gcroicionn arm agus eadaigh. 
Nuair thainig an meadhon-lae, d'amharc se ar a ghualainn 
dheis agus chonnairc se an colum geal. Nuair chonnairc an 
fathach mor an colum, rinne se seabhac de fein, acht rinne sise 
tri meirrliuin di fein, de'n choilean, agus de mhac righ Eireann, 
agus throid siad leis an seabhac ann san aer, agus thuirling siad 
ar an talamh aris. Dubhairt an fathach mor ann sin, " is tii an 
fear gan cheill, cad e 'n sort act-al ata agad, thii fein agus an da 
ruidin granna sin ? Ni'l aon fhear le faghail le mise do mharbhadh 
acht Kealandar mac righ Eireann." 

" c Mise an fear sin." 

Ma's tii e," ar san fathach, " tarrn6chaidh [tarrongaidh] tii 
an cloidheamh so." Shaith se a chloidheamh asteach 'san 
gcarraig, agus dubhairt, " tarraing an cloidheamh so ma 's tii 



The Red Luck. 3787 

"It was a pretty small good you did when you were up 
there before." 

^ He went to the house then, and the uncle came out to meet 

him, and said, " You have gained two-thirds of my daughter." 

" I am in no way grateful to you for that, you churl." 

He went indoors then, and in the room he found his young girl 

before him, and there was no woman in the whole world who 

was more beautiful than she. They talked until supper-time, 

and after supper she told him to lay his head upon her breast, 

and when he had done so, she put the pin of sleep into his 

head until morning. He was vexed because he was not allowed 

to speak to her until morning. 

When he was awake again, she said to him, " You have yet 
another giant to kill for the daughter of my uncle to-day, 
but I fear that it will be hard for you; but here is a little 
dog for you, let him follow at your heels, and it is possible that 
he may be of some use to you; and in the middle of the day 
look over your right shoulder; you will find me there in the 
form of a white dove, and I will bring you help." 

He went to the wood, and the great giant came to him. 
" You will not kill me with your horrible little dog, as you 
have killed my two other brothers, one of whom was five years 
old and the other seven and a half." 

" I found them, nevertheless, fierce enough," said the son of 
the King of Ireland. Then each of them plunged their gray 
steel knives at each other's sides, and they would send a rain 
of fire out of their skins, their arms and their clothes. 

When the middle of the day came, he looked upon his right 
shoulder, and he saw the white dove. When the giant saw the 
dove he changed himself into a falcon; but she made 
three hawks, one of herself, one of the little dog, and one 
of the son of the King of Ireland, and they fought with the 
falcon in the air, until they came down to earth again. 

" You are a fool," the great giant said then. " What 
joke are you playing me, you and those two wretched little 
things? The man that could kill me is not to be found, except 
Eealander, fche son of the King of Ireland." 

" I am that man ! " 

" If you are," said the giant, " you will pull out this sword." 

He plunged his sword into a rock, and said, " Pull out the 
sword if you are Realander." 


CAomeAt) rt-A CJM muifie, 

Tharraing se an cloidheamh, agus bhuail se an fathach mor 
leis, agus chaith se an ceann de. Bhi se fein loite. Bhi gearradh 
mor faoi bhonn a chich' deas [deise]. Tharraing si amach 
buideull beag iocshlainte, agus chneasaigh si e. Chuaidh se a- 
bhaile ann sin, agus thainig an t-oncal roimhe. 

;< Ta m'inghean gnothuighthe agad anocht." 

" Ni buidheach diot-sa ata mise a bhodaigh." 

Ghabh se asteach ann a ruma fein, agus fuair se a bhean 
astigh. ann roimhe. 

ctn rhtune. 

[From Douglas Hyde's " Religious Son rs of Connacht."] 

Cum An cfte"itie 
^o tnoC A\( mAiTu 
(OC6n A^uf oC on 6,) 


bi f 



cu mo 
oC 6n 6.) 

oC 6n 6.) 


oc 6n 6.) 

06 on 6.) 

T>O finne mo 
(Ocon Aguf oC 6n o.) 

Literally: We shall go to the mountains early in the morning to- 
morrow, ochone and ochone, ! Peter of the apostles, did you see my 
white Love. Ochone and ochone, ! 

Musha, O Mother, I did see him just now, ochone and ochone, O ! 
And he was caught firmly in the midst of his enemies, ochone and 
ochone, O ! 

Judas was near him, and he took a hold of his hand, ochone, etc. 
" Musha, O vile Judas, what did my love do to you, ochone," etc. 

He never did anything to child or infant, ochone, etc. And he put 
anger on his mother never, ochone, etc 

The Keening of the Three Marys. 3789 

He pulled out the sword and smote the great giant, and cut 
off his head. He was wounded himself; he had a great cut 
above his right breast; she drew out a little bottle of balsam 
and cured him. 

He went into the house then and the uncle said to him, 
" You have gained my daughter this evening." 
" I am not at all grateful to you for it, you churl." 
He went into his room and there found his wife before him. 

A Traditional Folk Ballad. 

Taken down from O'Kearney, a schoolmaster near Belmullet, Co. Mayo. 
[From the " Religious Songs of Connacht," by Douglas Hyde.] 

Let us go to the mountain 

All early on the morrow, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
"Hast thou seen my bright darling, 

O Peter, good apostle ? " 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) : 


" Aye ! truly, O Mother, 

Have I seen him lately, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
Caught by his foemen, 

They had bound him straitly." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

"Judas, as in friendship 

Shook hands, to disarm him." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
O Judas ! vile Judas ! 

Mv love did never harm him, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

* This is nearly in the curious wild metre of the original. ' A"us,":= " and," is 
pronounced "osrsrus." In another version of this piece, which I heard from my 
friend Michael MacRuaidhrigh, the cur-fd ran most curiously, tick och agus och uch 
an, after the first two lines, and&vi och, agus, och 6n o after the next two. Thus: 

l/CA^AT) ArmAf 1 fl-DCT) A TriAtrAft 6 

(Oc, 6c, A^up oc uc An) 
^AOAi-o A tenfe. A T>A rhuijie A^uf cAoini5ix>e. 
(Oc oc, Ajtif oc tfn 6.) 

3790 CAomeA-o nA cj\i 

" til > 6eAt\nAi'6 f 6 AfiAtti 
"OAT* .A AJA leAnb nA 
(O66n Aguf 06 on 6.) 

(Ocon A^uf 06 

mbut) i p6m A 

06 On 6.) 

(OCon A^uf oC 6n C !) 


(OC6n A^uf oC On 6 !) 
fi i tAi^e 

t)i A stun 
(OC6n A^uf 06 Cn 6 !) 

t>Ain te mo 
06 6n 

(OC6n A^tif oC on 6 !) 


An tA fin 6 n-A tAtAif\,- 
(O60n A^uf 06 on !) 
X)O teAn An 
IAT> Ann f An 
(OC6n Aguf oC On 6 !) 

" CIA An oeAii i fin 

'Tl-d|t nt)iAi$ Ann f An op^f A6 ? ** 

(Oc6n A^uf 06 6n 6 !) 
" 5 "oeirnin mA c^ beAn A|\ bit Ann 

'Si tno rhAtAit\," 

(OcOn A^vjf 06 6n 6 !) 

They tore with them the captive, that day from her presence, ochone, 
etc. But the Virgin followed them, into the wilderness, ochone, etc. 

What woman is that after us in the wilderness, ochone, etc. Indeed, 
if there is any woman in it, it is my mother, ochone, etc. 

Tlie Keening of the TJiree Marys. 3791 


No child has he injured, 

Not the babe in the cradle, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
Nor angered his mother 

Since his birth in the stable. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

When the demons discovered 

That she was his mother, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
They raised her on their shoulders, 

The one with the other ; 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

And they cast her down fiercely 

On the stones all forlorn, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
And she lay and she fainted 

With her knees cut and torn. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" For myself, ye may beat me, 

But, oh, touch not my mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
" Yourself we shall beat you, 

But we'll slaughter your mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

They dragged him off captive, 

And they left her tears flowing, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
But the Virgin pursued them, 

Through the wilderness going. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" Oh, who is yon woman ? 

Through the waste comes another." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
" If there comes any woman 

It is surely my mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

When the demons found out that she herself was his mother, ochone, 
etc., they lifted her up upon their shoulders on high, ochone, etc. 

And they smote her down upon the stones of the street, ochone, etc. 
She went into a faint, and her knees were cut, ochone, etc. 

Beat myself, but do not touch my mother, ochone, etc. We shall 
beat yourself, and we shall kill your mother, ochone, etc. 


CAomeA-6 nA cni mtnne: 

A 661 n, pen 6, 
CtifVAm mo 
(OC on A;uf 06 6n 6.) 

(Ocon A^uf oC on 6 !) 

cuAtAit) -An mAi$"oeAn 
An ceiteADHA-o ctUi'Ote 
(Ocon A^uf 06 on 6 !) 

tim* 50 
(OCon A^uf oC On o I) 

CIA ti- An peA^ t>|AeA$ fin 
At^ 6|\Ann nA pAife 
(OC6n Agtif 06 on 6 !) 

X\n 6 nAC n-Aitm$eAnn cti 
'Oo rhAC A riiAtAijt ? 

C 6n o ! 

An 6 fin mo teAno 
A "o'lomtAit m6 c 
(Oc6n Agtif oc 6n 6 !) 

Ho An 6 fin An teAno 
T)o h-oaeA-6 1 n-ucc 
(Oc6n Aguf oc on 6 !) 


(Oc6n A^uf oC 6n o !) 
" Sm CU5A1D Anoif 6 

A^uf CAOim^it) t>vi^ f Ait A:|\, JI 
(Oc6n, A^uf oc 6n 6 !) 

J\ nA ct\i ltluii\e 

(O66n, A^uf oC Cn 6 !) 
T>o CHIT* mnA-CAomce 
te bfveit p6f A rhAtAitt 
(Oc6n, Agtif 06 6n 6!) 

Is that my child that I carried for three-quarters of a year, ochone, 
etc. Or is that the child that was reared in the bosom of Mary, 
ochone, etc. 

O Owen (i.e., John) see, I leave to thee the care of my mother, ochone, 
etc. Keep her from me until I finish this passion, ochone, etc. 

When the Virgin heard the sorrowful notes, ochone, etc. She gave 
a leap past the guard, and the second leap to the tree of the passion, 
ochone, etc. 

The Keening of the Three Marys. 3793 

" O John, care her, keep her, 

Who comes in this fashion," 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
But oh, hold her from me 

Till I finish this passion." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

When the Virgin had heard him 

And his sorrowful saying, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
She sprang past his keepers 

To the tree of his slaying. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" What fine man hangs there 

In the dust and the smother ? w 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
"And do you not know him? 

He is your son, O Mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

a Oh, is that the child whom 

I bore in this bosom, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
Or is that the child who 

Was Mary's fresh blossom?" 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

They cast him down from them, 

A mass of limbs bleeding. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
" There now he is for you, 

Now go and be keening." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

Go call the three Marys 

Till we keene him forlorn, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
O mother, thy keeners 

Are yet to be born, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

Who is that fine man on the tree of the passion, ochone, etc. Is it 
that you do not recognise your son. O mother, ochone, etc. 

They threw him down [a mass of] cut limbs, ochone, etc. There he is 
for you now, and keene your enough over him, ochone, etc. 

Call the three Marys until we keene our bright love, ochone, etc. Thy 
share of woman-keeners are yet to be born, ochone ; etc. 

Thou shalt be with me yet in the garden of Paradise, ochone, etc. 
Until thou be a . . . (?) woman in the bright city of the graces, 
ochone, and ochone, etc. 


cu tiom-fA 
o f <5it 1 

oC 6n 6 !) 

cu "oo beAn iomf\At> 
$it nA nj;fAf A 
(O66n Aguf oC On 6 !) 


bfAt) (3 fom "oo bi cobAf beAnnAi$ce 1 mt)Aite An 

ttlui$ 66. t)i niAinifCif -Ann fAn AIC A bfuit An cobAf 
if A]\ to|^5 Atc6|\A nA mAimfC|\e "oo b^f ^^ cobA]\ 
AmA6. t)i An rhAinifCi|\ A|\ tAoib Cnuic, ACc nuAi^ tAim^ C|\omAit 
A 6uit) f5t\iOfA > o6i|\ Cum nA ci|\e fe6, teASA-OAtx An rhAinifd|\, 
niot\ frASA-OAtx ctoC of cionn ctoiCe t)e'n AtcCi|\ 

fin tA 

Ann fAn 

t)tiAt)Ain 6*n tA "DO teA^ATJA^ An 
'f An eA|\]\AC, J f eA>6 Dfur An cot>A|\ Am AC 
if lon^AncAC An fvut) te |\At) nAC |\Aib b|\Aon 
t)o t>i A$ bun An Cnuic o'n tA t>o bfif An cobA|\ 

t)i b^AtAi|\ bo6c AS "out nA flie An tA ceu-onA, A^uf CuAi-6 f6 
Af A beAtAC te pAiT)i|\ "oo fAt) Aj\ to^s nA n-Atc6fA beAnnAijte, 



nuAij\ ConnAi|\c fe 


A tl-A1C. 

nuAij\ CuAtAit) fe 5ut A^ fVAft, cui|\ t)ioc "oo 
tAtAni beAnnAigte, cA cu Af bfUAC UobAif Thuife, 
nA mitce CAOC Ann. t)eit) T)uine tei$eAfCA te 
fin AnA$Ait> 5AC uite t>ume "o'eifc Aiffionr. 1 


cA cu 
nA h-Atc6fA 

*oo bi Ann fAn AIC Ann A bpuit An cobAf Anoif, m-A bionn 
cumtA cfi ti-uAife Ann, 1 n-Ainm An AcAf An tthc 

bi A 




* This is not the Roscommon Ballintubber, celebrated for the ancient 
castle of the O'Conors, which is called in Irish " Baile-an-tobair Ui Chon- 
chubhair," or " O' Conor's Ballintubber," but a place near the middle of 
the County Mayo, celebrated for its splendid abbey, founded by one of 
the Mac a' Mhilidhs, a name taken by the Stauntons [Mac-a-Veely, i.e., 
"son of the warrior," now pronounced so that no remains of any vulgar 
Irish sound may cling to it, as "Mac Evilly!]. The prophecy is current 
in Mayo that when the abbey is re-roofed Ireland shall be free. My 

Mary's Well. 3795 

Thyself shall come with me 

Into Paradise garden. 

(Ochone agus ochone, !) 
To a fair place in heaven 

At the side of thy darling. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

A Religious Folk Tale. 

[From the "Religious Songs of Connacht," by Douglas Hyde.] 
[Taken down from Proinsias O'Conchubhair.] 

LONG ago there was a blessed well in Ballintubber (i.e., town 
of the well),* in the County Mayo. There was once a 
monastery in the place where the well is now, and it was on 
the spot where stood the altar of the monastery that the well 
broke out. The monastery was on the side of a hill, but when 
Cromwell and his band of destroyers came to this county, they 
overthrew the monastery, and never left stone on top of stone 
in the altar that they did not throw down. 

A year from the day that they threw down the altar that 
was Lady Day in spring the well broke out on the site of 
the altar, and it is a wonderful thing to say, but there was 
not one drop of water in the stream that was at the foot of 
the hill from the day that the well broke out. 

There was a poor friar going the road the same day, and 
he went out of his way to say a prayer upon the site of the 
blessed altar, and there was great wonder on him when he 
saw a fine well in its place. He fell on his knees and began 
to say his paternoster, when he heard a voice saying: "Put 
off your brogues, you are upon blessed ground, you are on 
the brink of Mary's Well, and there is the curing of thousands 
of blind in it; there shall be a person cured by the water of 
that well for every person who heard Mass in front of the 
altar that was in the place where the well is now, if they be 
dipped three times in it, in the name of the Father, the Son, 
and the Holy Spirit." 

When the friar had his prayers said, he looked up and 

friend, Colonel Maurice Moore, told me that when he was a young boy he 
often wondered why the people did not roof the abbey and so free Ire- 
land without any more trouble. The tomb of the notorious Shaun-na- 
Sagart, the priest hunter, which is not far from it ; is still pointed out 
by the people. It is probably he who is the " spy " in this story, though 
his name is not mentioned. 

3796 CobAf rhuife. 

ConnAifC cotum m6f ste^eAt Af CfAnn *;!ubAif 1 nAf t><5. 1 
Ti-i An cotum "oo bi AS CAinc. t)i -An bfAtAif steufc-A 1 n- 
euT>Aisib-bfeise, mAf bi tuAC Af A CeAnn, Corn mof A$uf "oo bi 
Af CeAnn mAT>f A-AttA. 

Af CAOI Af bit o'fuAs^if f -ATI fseut *oo "bAomib -An bAite 15, 
AUf niof bp^'OA 50 nTJe-AC-Ait) f6 CfiiT) -An cif. 'bu'b boCc -An ^ic 
!, -Aj;ur m |\^ib -ACc botAm ^5 nA "OAoimb, -Agtif 1^*0 UoncA te 
oeAUAt. xXf -An -dttbAH fin bi CUTO rh^it -oe -6Aoimb CAOCA -Ann. 
te ctApfotAf, t-A A|\ nA rhA|\AC, bi of cionn -oA -jriciT) -OAOine -Ann, 
-A5 cob-A|\ ttlui^e, Aguf ni |\-Aib pe^j\ n-d be^n X\C-A n^C oc^mis -Af 
Ai te f\At)A|\c mAit* 

ctu cob-Aijt ttltii]Ae CIM-O -An cij\, A5tjf niot\ bpATJA 50 |VAit> 
6 5^6 tute on-o.Ae ^5 ce^Cc 50 UobAf\ ttluife, Agtif 
ni Oe^cAi'6 -Aon ne-AC ACA Ap Aif j^n beit t6i$e-AfCA ; A^U? -p-Ao? 
Ce^nn CAniAitt "oo bi'oeA'O "OAome Af cioptAib eite pem, -AS 
50 *oci UobA^ ttlui|te. 

t)i pe-Af\ mi-C|\ei > orheAC 'nA corhnuit>e 1 n^A^ x>o t)-Aite-An- 
T)tnne ti.Af.At -oo bi Ann, A^uf nio|\ CfxeiT) fe 1 teigeAf An 
beAnnAi$te. T)ubAittc fe nAC |\Aib Ann ACc pifC^eo^A, A^uf te 
niA^At) "oo "oetinAni AJA nA "OAomib Cu^ f6 AfAtt t)Att "oo bi Ai^e 
Cum An cobAi|\ A^tif turn A CeAnn f AOI An tiif^e. "puAift An c-Af Att 
r\At)At\c, ACc cw^At) An mA5AT)6ii\ A-bAite Corn -OAtt te bun "oo 

CeAnn btiAt)nA tmc f 6 AITIAC 50 r\Aib f A^AfxC AS obAir* 

S An "cume-tiAf At -oo bi -OAtt. t)i An f A5Afc 
tnAf\ freA|\-oibr\e, Aguf ni f\Aib f^iof AJ "otune Af bit 50 mbu'o 
oo bi Ann: Aon t-A" ArhAm bi An "ouine tiAfAt bfeoi'oce 

"o'lAff fe A|\ A feAfbf O$AnCA & >OO tAbA1|\C AniAC 'f An 

TluAif\ tAinis f6 Cum nA n-.dice A fAib An fA^Afc AS obAif, fui"6 
fe fiof: " tlAC mofv An CJ\UA$ 6," A|\ f eif eAn, " nAC oci^ tiom 
mo A^VOA bt\6A$ o'f eiceAt ! " 

JtAC An S^|\t)A > O6lfx CfUAIj t)6 AUf *OUbA1|\C, " "CA 

c^ bfuit feAf -oo lei$fe6CA > 6 tu, ACc cA tuAC A|\ A CeAnn 
$eAtt Af A Cfeit>eAm." 

!< t)eifim-fe rn'^ocAt nAC nt^eunfAit) mife fpi'beA'ooifeACu Aif 
A^uf iocfAit) m6 50 mAit e Af fon A tfiobt6it)e," Af fAn "oume 


" x\Cc b'6i"Oif\ n-Af rhAit teAC "out Cfit) An Cfti$e-f tAnAigte ACA" 
Ai^e," Af fAn ^AfOATJOif: 

" 1f cumA tiom CIA An Cf tie AZA Ai^e m-d tu^Ann f e mo f A-oAf c 
t)Am," Af fAn "oume UAfAt. 

Anoif, bi t)foC-Ctu Af An "oume-uAfAt, mAf bf Ait f A t^n "oe 

Mary's Well. 3797 

saw a large white dove upon a fir tree near him. It was the 
dove who was speaking. The friar was dressed in false clothes, 
because there was a price on his head, as great as on the 
head of a wild-dog. 

At any rate he proclaimed the story to the people of the 
little village, and it was not long till it went out through the 
country. It was a poor place, and the people in it had nothing 
[to live in] but huts, and these filled with smoke. On that 
account there were a great many weak-eyed people amongst 
them. With the dawn, on the next day, there were about forty 
people at Mary's Well, and there was never man nor woman 
of them but came back with good sight. 

The fame of Mary's Well went through the country, and it 
was not long till there were pilgrims from every county coming 
to it, and nobody went back without being cured ; and at the 
end of a little time even people from other countries used to 
be coming to it. 

There was an unbeliever living near Mary's Well. It was 
a gentleman he was, and he did not believe in the cure. He 
said there was nothing in it but pishtrogues (charms), and to 
make a mock of the people he brought a blind ass, that he 
had, to, the well, and he dipped its head under the water. 
The ass got its sight, but the scoffer was brought home at* 
blind as the sole of your shoe. 

At the end or a year it so happened that there was a priest 
working as a gardener with the gentleman who was blind. 
The priest was dressed like a workman, and nobody at all 
knew that it was a priest who was in it. One day the 
gentleman was sickly, and he asked his servant to take him 
out into the garden. When he came to the place where the 
priest was working he sat down. "Isn't it a great pity," 
says he, " that I cannot see my fine garden?" 

The gardener took compassion on him, and said, " I know 
where there is a man who would cure you, but there is a price 
on his head on account of his religion." 

" I give my word that I'll do no spying on him, and I'll 
pay him well for his trouble," said the gentleman. 

" But perhaps you would not like to go through the mode- 
of-curing that he has," says the gardener. 

" I don't care what mode he has, if he gives me my sight," 
said the gentleman. 

Now, the gentleman had an evil character, because he 


j\oime fin ; "msAm An t-Ainm T>O bi Aifi. Af\ CAOI AJ\ 
bit $tAC An fASAjtt meifneAC Asuf "oubAifvt, " tHot) t>o Coifte 
AJA mAiT>in AmAjvAC, Asuf tiomAmpt) mife tu 50 T>ti Ait T>O 
m tis te coifceoi|\ nA te Aon "otnne eite belt i tAtAijt ACt 
, Asf nA h-mnif -o'Aon -oume AJ\ bit cA bftnt cu ^5 -out, no 

A-O e TO jn^ite (^no)." 

A|\ mAiT)in, tA A|\ nA niA|\A6, bi coifce tDingAm j^eit), Agu 
f6 pem AfceAC, teif An n5A^t)A > o6i|\ T)'A tiomAinc. ;< P^ 
Ann f An mbAile An c-Am f o," A|\ f 6 teif An 5-c6ifce6ip, 
tiomAinpt) An 5Af\'6A > o6m me." t)i An c6ifceoif\ 'n 
A^uf bi eu-o A1|\, A^uf $tAC fe fitin 50 mbei-beAt) fe AS pAijie nA 
coifce, te fA^Ait AtriAC CIA An AIC fVAib fiAT> te "out. t)i A jteuf 
e AS An fA^Ajtc, cAob-Afd$ "oe'n eut)AC eite. TitiAi|\ 
50 UobA]\ ttlin]\e "oubAiixc An fA^A^c teif, " 1f 
mife, cA m6 "out te "oo i\At)A^c o'|rA$Ait T>UIC 'f An ^ 1C 
cu e." Ann fin turn fe C|\1 tJAipe Ann f An cobA^ e, 1 n-Ainm An 
An ttlic A^uf An Spio|\Ait) tlAoim, Aguf tAim^ A |\At)At\c 
Com mAit A^uf bi fe AfiAm. 

" t^eu^fAi-b m6 cent) punt -DUIC," A|\ f A "bingAm, " Com tuAt 

Ajllf |\ACfAf m6 A-bAlte." 

t)i An coifce6if\ AS fAifve, A^uf Com tuAt Ajuf ConnAi|\c fe An 
fA^Afc Ann A jteuf beAnnAi^te, CuAit) fe 50 tuCc An t)tie 
b|\Ait fe An f A5A|\c. T)o SAbA*6 Aguf T)O CftoCAt) e 

'O'freu'OfAt) An feA|A T>O bi CA]\ eif A 

A|\ Alf, An fA5A|\C t)O f AO|\At), ACC niOf tAbA1|\ fe f OCAt 

A|\ A fon. 

UimCiott miofA 'nA "61A1 fe<5, t-dims fA^Attc eite 50 
6 gteufCA mA]A $A]r6Atx5it\, A^uf O'IAJAIA f6 obAi-p AJV 
-ptiAii\ tiAit) i. Act m fAib f 6 A bf AT> Ann A f ei^bif 50 T)tA|\tA 

ti'o t>o t)msAm. CUAI* fe AmAC Aon tA ArhAin AS 
nA pAi^ceAnnAib, Asf "oo cAfAt) CAitin mAifeAC, 
boiCt, A1|\, Astif f\mne fe mAftugAt) mfpi> ^S^f "o'f-^5 teAt-rhA|\b 
i. t)i tfviu|\ "oeAivbtAAtAf AS An scAitin, Asuf ttis^tJAjt mionnA 50 
mAfb6CAt> fiAt) e Com tuAt Asuf $eobAit>if si^ eirn ^p. Hi |\Aib A 
bf AT> te f AnArhAint ACA. 5AbAT)A|\ e f An Ait CeuT>nA A|V mAftAig 
f6 An CAitin, Asuf C|\OCA'OA|\ e AJA C|\Ann, ASf "o'f ASAt)A|t Ann fin 
e 'nA CfoCAt). 

Aft mAit)in, An tA A|\ nA mAt\AC, bi mittiumit) t)e miott^SAib 
c^tunmste, mAf Cnoc mC|\, timCiott An C^Ainn, Asiif niofv feut) 
t)ume A|\ bit "out AnAice teif, mAi\ $eAtt A^ An mbotAt) b|\eAn 
oo bi timCiott nA n-Aite, Astif "otune A|\ bit "oo |\ACAt> AnAice 
teif, t)0 "OAttfA* nA miottosA e. 

Mary's Well. 3799 

betrayed a number of priests before that. Bingham was the 
name that was on him. However, the priest took courage, and 
said, " Let your coach be ready on to-morrow morning, and 
I will drive you to the place of the cure ; neither coachman nor 
anyone else may be present but myself, and do not tell to 
anyone at all where you are going, or give anyone a knowledge 
of what is your business." 

On the morning of the next day Bingham's coach was ready, 
and he himself got into it, with the gardener driving him. 
" Do you remain at home this time," says he to the coachman, 
" and the gardener will drive me." The coachman was a 
villain, and there was jealousy on him. He conceived the idea 
of watching the coach to see what way they were to go. His 
blessed vestments were on the priest, inside of his other clothes. 
When they came to Mary's Well the priest said to him, " I am 
going to get back your sight for you in the place where you 
lost it." Then he dipped him three times in the well, in the 
name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and his 
sight came to him as well as ever it was. 

" I'll give you a hundred pounds," said Bingham, " as soon 
as I go home." 

The poachman was watching, and as soon as he saw the 
priest in his blessed vestments, he went to the people of the 
law, and betrayed the priest. He was taken and hanged, 
without judge, without judgment. The man who was after 
getting back his sight could have saved the priest, but he 
did not speak a word in his behalf. 

About a month after this, another priest came to Bingham, 
and he dressed like a gardener, and he asked work of 
Bingham, and got it from him; but he was not long in his 
service until an evil thing happened to Bingham. He went 
out one day walking through his fields, and there met him 
a good-looking girl, the daughter of a poor man, and he 
assaulted her, and left her half dead. The girl had ^ three 
brothers, and they took an oath that they would kill him as 
soon as they could get hold of him. They had not long to 
wait. They caught him in the same place where he assaulted 
the girl, and hanged him on a tree, and left him there hanging. 

On the morning of the next day millions of flies were 
gathered like a great hill round about the tree, and nobody 
could go near it on account of the foul smell that was round 
the place, and, anyone who would go near it, the midges would 
blind him. 


beAn A^uf mAc "Dm^Am ceut> punc x/Aon "otune "oo 
An COHP AniAc. Umne cui*o rhAit T)Aome lAHHAit) AIH fin *oo 
"oetmAm, ACC nion fetmATJAH. PUAIH fiAT> PU-OAH te cnAtAt) AH nA 
miotc65Aib, Aj;uf seu^A cfAnti te tiA mbtiAtAt), ACC nion 
.A f^ApAt), n^ "out Corn fAT)A teif AH sc^Atin. t)i Ati 
An ei|\ie niof meAfA, -A^uf bi eA^tA AJ\ TIA corhAfifAnnAib 50 
tiA tniotco^A Aguf An cofp b|\eun pt^i$ of\fA. 

A^Afvc 'nA 5^|\ > 6A > o6it\ AS "bin^Am 'f^n Am f o, A6c 
tuCc An ci$e jujt f A5A|\c "oo bi Ann, OIJA "DA mbeit)- 
5 tuCc An "DUge no A^ nA fpi > 6eA > o6i|\ib, "oo $eobA"6 


t)1 An 
m |\Aib 

tei 50 


Af peiT>if\ teif nA miotco^A "oo 
ACc A feAcc n-oijteA-o. 

" Ace," AJA fiAT>-f An, " "oA mbeit)' 
e, "oo 6tAocpAt)Aoif e, 
A fwt AH Aif -06. 
fe nA miotco^A "oo 

" tli't t 1o 

An oi*66e fin 
"06 CAT) 


e6tAf ACA A|\ -otune -00 
6t>5Am e," A|\ fife, " A^tif 
m n-e An *otiAif f m jeobAf 


c6rfiAi|\te teif An 

CI\QC fiAT) An peA|\ T>O 
" A|\ fife, " nAC bpeti'opA'6 
tucc-An-T)ti$e ? " 




A6c beAtA f Ao^AtCA te cAitteArhAinc, 

f An 

beA|\fAit) m6 i 
ptAi$ Ann fAn cif\ munA 
Aib. AH mAit)in AmAfVAC 
6ibiHC, A^uf cA mt>ini$m 
pe iiie 6 mo cuit) nArhAt). Ueit) 
AbAif\ tei 50 mbeit) m6 1 n^A^ t>o'n 
Af\ mAit)in Am^H A( ^) ^S^f AbAin tei 
5COHP "oo cun 'r An t>Ai$." 

fiAT) cum nA mnA-t>Aifte, 

An fA^AHC. 

TTIA eiHi$^Ann teif ," AH 

f on nA nT)Aome bocc, 
me T>ibi|\c A|A nA 
A^Am 1 n-Ainm T)6 1AT) 
x>6tcAf i nt)iA 50 
An beAn-uAf Ait Anoif, 

nA 5|\6ine 


T>O beit 1 

An -pA^AHC An oit>ce fin 1 n- 
nA 5H^ 1fie CUAI* fe cum nA 
1 bf otAc. Cuin fe fin 
te tiif^e coifneA^tA Ann fAn 
A HAib nA miotcC^A. 
S CHAtAt) 

X)i An meAt) 


teAt-tAin n 1 
A $tetif beAnn- 
Ann A teAt-tAim 
eite, CUAI'O fe cum nA 
fe Ann fin AJ teigeAt) Af A 
AH nA miotco^Aib, 1 n- 

Mary's Well. 3801 

Bingham's wife and son offered a hundred pounds to anyone 
who would bring out the body. A good many people made 
an effort to do that, but they were not able. They got 
dust to shake on the flies, and boughs of trees to beat them 
with, but they were not able to scatter them, nor to go as far 
as the tree. The foul smell was getting worse, and the 
neighbours were afraid that the flies and noisome corpse would 
bring a plague upon them. 

The second priest was at this time a gardener with Bingham, 
but the people of the house did not know that it was a priest 
who was in it, for if the people of the law or the spies knew they 
would take and hang him. The Catholics went to Bingham's 
wife and told her that they knew a man who would banish 
the flies. "Bring him to me," said she, " and if he is able 
to banish the flies, that is not the reward he'll get, but seven 
times as much." 

" But," said they, " if the people of the law knew, they would 
take him and hang him, as they hung the man who got back 
the sight of his eyes for him before." " But," said she, " could 
not he banish the flies without the knowledge of the people of 
the law? " 

"We don't know," said they, "until we take counsel with 

That night they took counsel with the priest and told him 
what Bingham's wife said. 

" I have only an earthly life to lose," said the priest, " and 
I shall give it up for the sake of the poor people, for there will 
be a plague in the country unless I banish the flies. On 
to-morrow morning I shall make an attempt to banish them in 
the name of God, and I have hope and confidence in God that 
he will save me from my enemies. Go to the lady now, and 
tell her that I shall be near the tree at sunrise to-morrow- 
morning, and tell her to have men ready to put the corpse in 
the grave." 

They went to the lady and told her all the priest said. 
" If it succeeds with him," said she, " I shall have the reward 
ready for him, and I shall order seven men to be present." 

The priest spent that night in prayer, and half an hour 
before sunrise he went to the place where his blessed vestments 
were hidden; he put these on, and with a cross in one hand, 
and with holy water in the other, he went to the place where 
were the flies. He then began reading out of his book and 


UobAf rhuife. 


teAn An 

Ainm An AtAf ATI 1T)ic Aguf An SpiofAit) TlAOim. "Oeifig Ar\ cr>oc 
miotcoj;, A$uf "o'eiuiU, fiAt) fUAf 'fAn Aef, Ajuf finneAt>Af An 
fpeif com "oofCA teif -An oit)Ce. Hi fAib fiof AS nA "OAOimb CIA 
An AIC A nT>eACAT>Af, ACC f AOI ceAnn le.At-u.Aife ni f Aib ceAnn t)iob 
te feiceAt (peicfinc). 

t)i tut$Aife mof Af nA "OAomib, ACC niojt 
An fpifte "ooif ^5 ce^Cc, A^uf tAot> fiAt) A|\ An 
6orh UApA A J f tii Ann. 135 An -pA^AfC "oo nA bomn 
fpi > 6eAT)6i|\ 6, A^uf fjiAn Ann AC tAirh A 
fe ceACc fUAf teif, CAit fe An fgiAn 'nA "OiAi^;. HuAif t)i An 

A5 "OUt tA|\ $UAtAin An CfA^AIfU, CU1f fe A lAtfl Cte fUAf, 

fe An f^iAn, A^tif CAit fe An f^iAn Af Aif $An 
fiAf "oe. t)uAit fi An feAf, A^tif CuAit) fi cfi-o A Cfoiibe, juf 
tuiu fe mAfti, Aguf "o'lmtij; An f AgAfc fAOf . 

nA fif cofp "DinjAni, A^tif CtnfeAT>Af Ann f An AI e, ACc 
CuA'OAf cofp An fpit>eA'o6f A -00 Cuf, fuAifeAtJAf nA milce 
oe ttiC65Ait) mofA cimCiotl Aif, A^uf m fAiti 5feim pe6lA Af A 
nAC fAiti itce ACA. Hi CoffoCA'6 fiAt) *oe'n Cofp 


T>O t)l 

niof fretm nA "OAome IA-O t>o 
bfrA^bAit of cionn CAtrhAn. 

Cuif An fA^Afc A leuf beAnnAi^te i bpotA6, 
obAif 'f An ti^Af^A nuAif Cuif beAn tDin^Am fiof Aif, 
Aif An *ouAif *oo tAC-At) Af fon nA miotcC^A t)o "6ibifC, 
oo tAbAifc T)o'n feAf "DO t)ibif IAT) mA bi eotAf Ai$e Aif . 

" UA e6tAf A^Am Aif, A^uf TmbAifc fe tiom An t)t>Aif t)O 
Ano^c, mAf CA fun Aige An cif t>'A5bAil, fut mA 
tucic An x)ti$e e." 

" Se6 "Ouic i," Af fif e, A^uf feACAit) fi fpof An 6if t>6. 

Af mAiT)in, tA Af nA rhAfAC, "oNmtig An fA^Afc 50 coif HA 
f Aiff^e ; f uAif f e ton^ >oo bi A$ "out Cum nA "Pf Aince, CuAit!> f6 
Af bofo, A^uf Com tuAt Aguf "o'frA^ f6 An cuAn Cuif f6 Aif A 

6Ut)A1$ fAJAIfC, AJUf tUg bUlt>eA(iAf T>O *OlA fA01 n-A tAbAifC 

fAOf. Tli't friof A^Ainn CA"O tAftA -66 'nA "61A1$ fin. 

if fin t)o bi'oeA'6 t)Aome t)AttA A^uf CAO^A AS 
50 UobAf thuife, A^uf niof fritt Aon t>ume ACA AfiAtti Af Aif 
A beit tei$eAfCA. Acu m f Aib fuT> mAit Af bit AfiAm Ann f An 
cif feo, nAf miUeA-6 te t)uine ei^m, A$uf mitteAt) An cobAf, 


Marifs Well. 3803 

scattering holy-water on the flies, in the name of the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. The hill of flies rose, and flew 
up into the air, and made the heaven as dark as night. The 
people did not know where they went, but at the end of half 
an hour there was not one of them to be seen. 

There was great joy on the people, but it was not long till 
they saw the spy coming, and they called to the priest to run 
away as quick as it was in him to run. The priest gave to 
the butts * (took to his heels) , and the spy followed him, and 
a knife in each hand with him. When he was not able to 
come up with the priest he flung the knife after him. As the 
knife was flying out past the priest's shoulder he put up his 
left hand and caught it, and without ever looking behind him 
he flung it back. It struck the man and went through his 
heart, so that he fell dead and the priest went free. 

The people got the body of Bingham and buried it in the 
grave, but when they went to bury the body of the spy they 
found thousands of rats round about it, and there was not a 
morsel of flesh on his bones that they had not eaten. The rats 
would not stir from the body, and the people were not able to 
hunt them away, so that they had to leave the bones overground. 

The priest hid away his blessed vestments and was working 
in the garden when Bingham' s wife sent for him, and told him 
to take the reward that was for banishing the flies, and to 
give it to the man who banished them, if he knew him. 

"I do know him, and he told me to bring him the reward 
to-night, because he has the intention of leaving the country 
before the law-people hang him." 

" Here it is for you," said she, and she handed him a purse 
of gold. 

On the morning of the next day the priest went to the brink 
of the sea, and found a ship that was going to France. He 
went on board, and as soon as he had left the harbor he put 
his priest's clothes on him, and gave thanks to God for bringing 
him safe. We do not know what happened to him from that 

After that, blind and sore-eyed people used to be coming 
to Mary's Well, and not a person of them ever returned without 
being cured. But there never yet was anything good in this 
country that was not spoilt by somebody, and the well was 
spoilt in this way. 

* This *s the absurd way the people of Connacht translate it when 
talking English. " Bonn " means both " sole " (of foot) and " butt." 


t)i cAilin 1 rnt>Aite-An-cobAit% A^uf bi fi AJ\ ci beic 

feAn-beAn CAOC Cuici A$ lAffVAit) "oeipce i n-onoif\ "oo 
t)o rhuij\e. 

" tli't Aon fum A^AITI te CA^XM^C *oo feAn-CAoCfAn c^itti$e, 

" T1A jAAit) pAinne An pofUA o|\c A-Coi-6Ce 50 mbeitf cu Corh 
CAO6 A*f CA mife," A^V f An Cf 6An-t>eAn. 

tnAit)in, t^ A|\ nA tfiAjVAC, t)i fuite An tAitin 615 mtfmeAC, 
A|\ mAitDin 'nA "biAij fin bi fi beA^-nAC T)Att, A^uf T)tit)Ai|AC 
c<3rhAf\fAnnA 50 tnbut) C61|\ t)i "out 50 UobAf ttltii|\e. 

|\ mAitnn 50 mo6, *o'6i^i5 ^i, A^tJf CuAit) fl Cum An cobAift, 
c^^ut) t)'f:eicpeAt) fi Ann AC An cfeAn-beAn "O'IA^ An t)6i]tc 
'nA ftn^e AS b^uAC An cobAi|\, A^ ciAj\At> A cmn of ctonn An 

, A CA1U6A6 gf^nnA, An A 

ACA cu ? " A|\ f An CAitin ; " imtig teAC no b|\if pit) m6 -00 

" tli't Aon on6i|\ n-A meAf A^A-O AJ\ *OiA nA AJA ttlui|\e, -o' 
cu t)6i|\c t)o CAbAifc 1 n-on6i|\ "o6ib, Ap An A"6bA|\ fin m 
cu tu p^m 'fAn cobAfl." 

)TuAi|\ An CAitin 5|\eim A^ An 5CAitti$, AS peucAinc I "oo 
Aitc 6'n cobAjA, ACC teif An fC|\eA6Aitc T)O bi eACO|\ftA t)o Cuic An 
bei|\c AfceAC 'fAn cobAft A^uf bAiteAt) IAT). 

O'n tA fin 50 *oci An tA f o m f Aib Aon l6ieAf Ann 

Mary's Well. 3805 

There was a girl in Ballintubber and she was about to be 
married, when there came a half-blind old woman to her asking 
alms in the honor of God and Mary. 

" I've nothing to give to an old blind-thing of a hag, it's 
bothered with them I am," said the girl. 

"That the wedding ring may never go on you until you 
are as blind as I am," said the old woman. 

Next day, in the morning, the young girl's eyes were sore, 
and the morning after that she was nearly blind, and the 
neighbours said to her that she ought to go to Mary's Well. 

In the morning, early, she rose up and went to the well, 
but what should she see at it but the old woman who asked 
the alms of her, sitting on the brink, combing her head over 
the blessed well. 

" Destruction on you, you nasty hag, is it dirtying Mary's 
Well you are?" said the girl; "get out of that or I'll break 
your neck." 

"You have no honor nor regard for God or Mary, you 
refused to give alms in honor of them, and for that reason 
you shall not dip yourself in the well." 

The girl caught a hold of the hag, trying to pull her from 
the well, and with the dragging that was between them, the 
two of them fell into the well and were drowned. 

From that day to this there has been no cure in the well. 




nAOtfitA T)O bi tlAorh 
Cf f 6 tTlui|\e 

"DO fUA1j\ An CAbAf\CAf 

T)o b' feAfAjt 'nA An fAO$Al 

*OliitiU:Ai$ f6 oo'n 6|\ buttle 
"oo'n Ci\<5m TK> bi A$ 
b' fe^|A|\ teif beit ^5 




tnug fi le<3, i 
O bolAt) b^e^$ nA n-ubAtt 
t)ni 50 cubA|\tA 

Ann fin "oo tAbAif An 
T)e'n C6rh|\At) bf pAnn, 

<$ t)Ain "OAm nA f edit) fin 
UA AS p .df Afi An scf Anna 

*Now ill-called "Caldwell" in English. 

t Literally: Is it not holy that St. Joseph was when he married Mary 
Mother; is it not that he got the gift that was better than Adam's 
world ? He refused the .yellow gold and the crown that David had had, 
and he preferred to be guiding and showing the way to Mary Mother. 
One day that the couple were walking in the garden among the 
fragrant cherries, apple-blossoms and sloes, Mary conceived a desire for 
them, and fancied them at once, [enticed] by the fine scent of the 
apples that were fragrant and nice from the High King [i.e., God]. 
Then spake the Virgin with utterance that was feeble, " Pluck for me 
yon jewels which are growing on the tree. Pluck me enough of them, 
for I am weak and faint, and the works of the King of the graces are 
growing beneath my bosom." Then spake St. Joseph with utterance 
that was stout, " I shall not pluck thee the jewels, and I like not thy 
child. Call upon his father, it is he you may be stiff with." Then 
stirred Jesus blessedly beneath her bosom. Then spake Jesus holily, 
" Bend low in her presence, O tree." The tree bowed down to her in their 


From Michael Rogers and Martin O'Calally,* in Erris Co. Mayo.- 


Holy was good St. Joseph 
When marrying Mary Mother, 

Surely his lot was happy, 
Happy beyond all other, f 

Refusing red gold laid down, 
And the crown by David worn, 

With Mary to be abiding 

And guiding her steps forlorn. 

One day that the twain were talking, 
And walking through gardens early, 

Where cherries were redly growing, 
And blossoms were growing rarely, 

Mary the fruit desired, 

For faint and tired she panted, 

At the scent on the breezes' wing 

Of the fruit that the King had planted. 

Then spake to Joseph the Virgin, 

All weary and faint and low, 
" O pull me yon smiling cherries 
That fair on the tree do grow, 

presence, without delay, and she got the desire of her inner-heart quite 
directly off the tree. Then spake St. Joseph, and cast himself upon the 
ground, "Go home, O Mary, and lie upon thy couch, until I go to 
Jerusalem doing penance for my sin." Then spake the Virgin with 
utterance that was blessed. " I shall not go home, and I shall not lie 
upon my couch, but you have forgiveness to find from the King of the 
graces for your sins." 

Three months from that day, the blessed child was born, there came 
three kings making adoration before the child. Three months from that 
night the blessed child was born in their cold bleak stable between a 
bullock and an ass. 

Then spake the Virgin softly and sensibly, " O Son of the King of 
the friends, in what way shalt thou be on the world ? " 

"I shall be on Thursday, and I sold to my enemy, and I shall be on 
Friday a sieve [full] of holes with the nails. My head shall be on the 
top of a spike, and the blood of my heart on the middle of the street, 
and a spear of venom going through my heart with contempt upon 
that day." 


Ittmjte A]=;ur flAom 

" t)Ain t>Am mo 

Oif\ c^ me 
A'f cu 



Ann fin "oo 

T)e j n 
" Hi 

A' m 

tM ce^nn, 
t)uiu n 
tiom "oo 

1f Aifv if coi|\ 
Ann fin "oo 
50 t>e-Ann-Aite 

Ann fin "oo 

5o n.Aorht.A 
" Tfd$ 50 ti-ifiott 




-An cjVAnn fiof "01 
Ann -A ttpixvOnuife s^n rh-Aittj 
fi miAn A 

Ann fin T)O 




50 oc6i > 6 m6 50 
A "oeun-Arh 

Ann mo 
An TTIliAi5 > oeAn 

Ann fin "oo 

'* 111 |\A6A1"6 ttl6 A-t)Alte 

A'f m ttmipit) m6 A|\ mo 

ACc cA mAiteAriinAf te pA^A 

f\i$ nA n^fVAfCA Ann "oo 

* "Ann A 5-CAtVt" x>ut>Aiftt; tTlAc -pc ftuAixnj, ACC -ouftAific An 
tAj; fAnn " CA me Ann A gcAitt = " UeAfctujeAnn t>Aim IAC. 

Mary and St. Joseph. 3809 

"For feeble I am and weary, 

And my steps are but faint and slow, 
And the works of the King of the graces 
I feel within me grow." 

Then out spake the good St. Joseph, 

And stoutly indeed spake he, 
" I shall not pluck thee one cherry. 
Who art unfaithful to me. 

" Let him come fetch you the cherries, 

Who is dearer than I to thee." 
Then Jesus hearing St. Joseph, 
Thus spake to the stately tree, 

" Bend low in her gracious presence, 

Stoop down to herself, O tree, 
That my mother herself may pluck thee, 
And take thy burden from thee." 

Then the great tree lowered her branches 

At hearing the high command, 
And she plucked the fruit that it offered, 

Herself with her gentle hand. 

Loud shouted the good St. Joseph, 

He cast himself on the ground, 
"Go home and forgive me, Mary, 

To Jerusalem I am bound; 
I must go to the holy city, 

And confess my sin profound."* 

Then out spake the gentle Mary, 
She spake with a gentle voice, 
"I shall not go home, O Joseph, 
But I bid thee at heart rejoice, 
For the King of Heaven shall pardon 
The sin that was not of choice." 

* These six-line verses are alien to the spirit of the Irish Language, and 
probably arise from the first half of the next quatrain being forgotten. 


fl1utt\e AUf flAotfi lofeph 

|\i mi <3*n t fin 
TlusA'6 An teAno 


U|ti mi 6 5 n oi^ee fin 

UugAt) An te-dntt t>eAnnui$te, 
Ann A fC-dbtA 

Ann fin T)O 

go ciun A^uf 50 ciU,it>e, 
" A rtiic ^1$ nA 

CIA 'n n6f 

cu A^\ An cf AO$At ? 


m6 oiolCA AS mo 
me T)1A nAoine 
pott AS nA 

mo Ceann i mtxf\t\ fpice 
'S ftut mo 6]\oi"6e i tA"f\ nA 
*S An Cftei$ mme "out c^e mo 
te fpi'oeAtAci An l& fin. 

Mary and St. Joseph 3811 

Three months from that self-same morning, 

The blessed child was born, 
Three kings did journey to worship 

That babe from the land of the mom. 

Three months from that very evening, 

He was born there in a manger, 
With asses, and kine and bullocks, 

In the strange, cold place of a stranger. 

To her child said the Virgin softly, 

Softly she spake and wisely, 
" Dear Son of the King of Heaven, 
Say what may in life betide Thee." 


"I shall be upon Thursday, Mother, 
Betrayed and sold to the foeman, 
And pierced like a sieve on Friday, 
With nails by the Jew and Roman. 

On the streets shall my heart's blood flow, 

And my head on a spike be planted, 
And a spear through my side shall go, 

Till death at the last be granted. 

Then thunders shall roar with lightnings, 

And a storm over earth come sweeping, 
The lights shall be quenched in the heavens 

And the sun and the moon be weeping. 
While angels shall stand around me, 

With music and joy and gladness, 
As I open the road to Heaven, 

That was lost by the first man's madness." 

Christ built that road into heaven, 

In spite of the Death and Devil, 
Let us when we leave the world 

Be ready by it to travel. 



O Coti6utbAif, i tn'bt'AC-UiAin, AH fjctit fo 6 feAn- 
t>Af 5' Ainm bfiji-o ni CtlACAfAijj 6 bhAite--6A-<sbAin 1 jjcomDAe 

AJUf JMlAlf tnifC tlAI-6-f CAT! C. 

Ann fAn "Am A fAib ttAom peAT>Af ASf Af S f tAnui$ce6if AS 
nA cif e, if lom-OA lons^ncAf -oo CAif beAn A 1TlnAi$ifcif t)6, 
t)A mbut) t>ume eite -oo bi Ann, t>'f eicpeAt) teAC An oifit>, if 
5 nibenieAt) A -OOtCAf Af A TnnAi$ifci|\ niof tAi-O|\e 'nA bi 

Aon tA ArtiAin T>O blo-OA^ AS ceACc AfceAC 50 bAite-m6tt 
oo t>l peAfx-cedit teAt Aft meifge 'nA fui-6e A^ tAoib An 
Ajuf 6 AS iAj\jvdi'6 t)6ipce: Cnu^ A^ StAnm$te6i|t piof A Aif 5113 

O6 A|t n^AbAlt tAj\C "OOJ t)tl1 lOn^AnCAf All ptieA"OA|\ fAOl fin, 6l|t 

oubAi|\c f 6 teif p6in " 1f iomt)A "otune botc t)o bi i n-eAf buiti rh6ip, 
o'eidg mo niAi$ifd|\, ACc Anoif tug f 6 "oSi-pc Tjo'tt freAf-ceoit fed 
ACA An meif^e. A6c b' ei"oin," Af fe teif fein, " b'eitNf 50 bpuit 
"ouit Ai^e fAn 5ce6t." 

"Do bi ^iOf Ag Af StAnui^teoif cfeAT> -oo t>i i n-inncmn 
pneAt)Aif, ACC niof tAbAif pe pocAt t)'^ tAoib. 

An tA Af n-A Ifl^f AC t)0 biOt>Af A5 flUbAt Aflf, AgUf t)0 CAf Att 

boCc offA, A^uf 6 cfom teif An Aoif, Aguf beAs-nA6 
"O'lAff fe t>eifc Af Af StAnui$Ce6if, ACc ni tts SeifeAn 
Aon Aifo Ain, Aguf niof ffeAgAif S6 A irnpi-6e. 

" Sm ni"6 eite nAC bpuit ceAfC," Af f A tlAOrh peA"OAf Ann A 
inncinn pem ; bi eA^tA Aif tAbAifC teif An TTlAi$ifcif -D'A CAoib, 
ACc bi fe AS CAitteAtnAinc A onOtCAif S A( ^ U1 ^ e ^ A - 

An CfAtnOnA ceut)nA bio'OAf AS ceA6c s bAite eite ntiAif 
CAfA"6 peAf t)Att OffA, Asuf e AS iAffAi"6 "oeifce. Cntiif Af 

CAinc Aif Asf "oubAifc " cf eut> CA UAIC ? " 
t6if cin oi"6Ce, tuA6 f uit> te n' 
AS ceAfCAt uAim AmAf A6 ; mA 
cu cuiciu$A > 6 m6f, 
Af An Cf AO$At bf 6nA6 f o." 

" 1f mAit i t)o CAinc," Af fAn Ui$eAf nA, '* AC ni't cu A6c AS 
iAffAi"6 mo rheAttAii, ni't eAfbtut) tuAiC-toifcin r\& fit) te n'lte 
ofc, cA Of A5f AifsioT) Ann t>o p6c&, Astif but) Coif "ouic t>o 
buiiieACAf T>O tAbAifc "oo T)hiA pAoi -Qo -biot so tA t)o beic ASAT>.' 

Hi f Aib fiof AS An T)Att suf b'e Af StAntn$te6if T>O bi AS 

An oif eAt) 
teAC-f A A CAbAifC t)Am, 

t>ubAifc f6 teif : " Hi feAnmof A ACC "oeifce ACA me 

if cmnce m6 


50 fAib 6f 



A Folk Story. 

A u,- old f ^ an . named B i dd y Casey, from near Riverstown, in the 
Co. Siigo, told this story to O'Conor in Athlone, from whom I got it 
DOUGLAS HYDE [in Eeligious Songs of Connacht.] 

AT the time that Saint Peter and our Saviour were walking 
the country, many was the marvel that his Master showed him, 
and if it had been another person who was in it, and who had 
seen half as much, no doubt his confidence in his Master would 
have been stronger than that of Peter. 

One day they were entering a town, and there was a 
musician sitting half drunk on the side of the road and he 
asking for alms. Our Saviour gave him a piece of money, 
going by of him. There came wonder on Peter at that, for 
he said to himself, " Many's the poor man in great want that 
my Master refused, but now He has given alms to this drunken 
musician ; but perhaps," says he to himself, " perhaps He likes 

Our Saviour knew what was in Peter's mind, but He did 
not speak a word about it. 

On the next day they were journeying again and a poor 
friar (sic) met them, and he bowed down with age and almost 
naked. He asked our Saviour for alms, but He took no notice 
of him, and did not answer his request. 

" There's another thing that's not right," said Peter in his 
own mind. He was afraid to speak to his Master about it, but 
he was losing his confidence in Him every day. 

The same evening they wero approaching another village 
when a blind man met them and he asking alms. Our Saviour 
talked with him and said, "What do you want?" " The 
price of a night's lodging, the price of something to eat, and 
as much as I shall want to-morrow; if you can give it to me 
you shall get great recompense, and recompense that is not to 
be found in this sorrowful world." 

" Good is your talk," said the Lord, " but you are only 
seeking to deceive me? you are in no want of the price of a 
lodging or of anything to eat; you have gold and silver in 
your pocket; and you ought to give thanks to God for your 
having enough (to do you) till (next) day." 

The blind man did not know that it was our Saviour who 
was talking to him, and Ee said to him, "It is not sermons, 




Aj;Am 50 mbAinfe.** t>iom 6, ' tu^A ' leAC* Anoif, m teAf- 


o "061111111 if *oi-Ceittit)e An f 6Aj\ cu," AJA f An UijeA-pnA, " ni 
on; n& AI^SIO-O ASA-O 1 bjM-o," A^uf teif fin o'p.As f 6 An t>Att. 

t)ni pe-dtMH A 61fC6ACU teif An SCtfriljVAt), AUf bl T>Ult A1$e A 

innfeACc "oo'n "OAtt ^up mbut) 6 4^ StAnui$ce6ij\ "oo t>! A^ CAinc 
teif, ACc m QptiAif\ f 6 Aon f Aitt. x\6c t>o EM t?eAj\ eite 

nUA1|\ T)Ut)A1|AC Aj\ StAnU1$t6dl|V 50 fVAltt 6f\ Agtlf A1|\510T) 
t)Att. t)ut) f5|MOf AT)O1|\ miltC6A6 t)O t>1 Ann, ACC "DO 

nA]i mnif &$ St^ntJi^teOi^ Aon t>|\eti5 A-piArh. Chom 
SeifeAn Aguf tlAorh peA-OAft imtigte, t^inig An 

An X)Altt AJUf OUt)A1t\C t61f, " UAt)A1^ t)Am t)0 

-oo C|\oi-6e." 
A|\ f An "OAit, " t)4 mbei'beAt), ni 


6115061^ t>'^ -oeunArh At\ An t)Att, 

5 peAttCAC, ^5 
CAinc A^ L& An b^eiteArhnAif," A-J\ 

** Uui5im tu, ni'l Aon yu-o 1 bpotAC tiAic A 1TliiAi$ifci|\," 

no cui|\peA-o 



fin t)o pAi|A An 
T>O bAin T>6 An m6At) "oo of 


An CAOI Ceu'on-A, 

X\n tA nA "61A1$ fin -oo bi-beATJA^ AS fiubAt coif 

teCrhAn cioc^AC AmAC. " Anoif A pneAt)Ai|\," A^A 
StAntn$te6i-[\, " if mime AT>ubAiitc cu 50 ^CAittpe^ x>o beAtA 
mo fon, Anoif ceij\i Ajuf CAbAif Cu pein oo'n leorhAn 
imt66CAit> rnife fAo^." 

T)o fmuAin peAt)At\ Ai^e p6m A^uf "oubAi^c, " b'freAf|\ Horn 
A|\ bit eite t>'$&&4it 'nA tei^inc "oo teorhAn rn'ite ; cAniAoit) cof- 
tuAt AUf tis tmn -pit UAI*, A^uf mA freicim e A^ ceACc ft>Af 
tmn f Anp Ait) me A|\ "oei^eAt), A^uf 15 teAC-f A imteACc f AO|\." 

" t)iot) mA]\ fin," Af A^ St^nui$teoir\: 

T)o tei5 An teCrhAn f^fveAt), A^tif Af 50 bf-dt teif 'nA nt>iAi, 

bfAT)A 50 t\Alb f e A5 b^eit OffA, AJUf 1 bf O^Af "OClb. 

A ph6AT)A1f," A|\ An StA>IUlgte6lp , ACC t615 peAt)Atl 

f6in nAC ^cuAtAit) fe focAt, A^uf T>'imti$ f6 AmAC poirh A 

. T)'lOmpA1$ An Ul$6A|\nA Af A Cut AJUf "OUbAlfVC f6 

leif An l66rhAn, " Uei^i$ Ati Aif 50 T>CI An f-&f AC, 
6 ArhtAi-6. 

* " t?; A teAC "=" imcij teAr," " AITIAC leAr," no jiu-o -oe'n cf 6|ic f m. 
|i "cui^e teAC " bti-6 66i|i -oo t>eit Ann, 7 61113 An "OeAtriAn 1" 

Saint Peter. 3815 

but alms, I am looking for. I am certain that if you did 
know that there was gold or silver about me, you would take 
it from me. Get off now; I don't want your talk. 

" Indeed, you are a senseless man," said the Lord; " you will 
not have gold or silver long," and with that He left him. 

Saint Peter was listening to the discourse, and he had a wish 
to tell the blind man that it was our Saviour who was talking 
to him, but he got no opportunity. But there was another 
man listening when our Saviour said that the blind man had 
gold and silver. It was a wicked robber who was in 
it; but he knew that our Saviour never told a lie. As soon 
as He and Saint Peter were gone, this robber came to the blind 
man, and said to him, " Give me your gold and silver, or I'll put 
a knife through your heart." 

" I have no gold or silver," said the blind man; "if I had 
I wouldn't be looking for alms." But with that the robber 
caught hold of him, put him under him, and took from him 
all he had. The blind man shouted and screamed as loud as 
he was able, and our Saviour and Peter heard him. 

" There's wrong being done to the blind man," said Peter. 

" Get treacherously and it will go the same way," said our 
Saviour, " not to speak of the Day of Judgment." 

" I understand you; there is nothing hid from you, Master," 
said Peter. 

The day after that they were journeying by a desert, and 
a greedy lion came out. " Now, Peter," said our Saviour, " you 
often said that you would lose your life for Me ; go now and 
give yourself to the lion, and I shall escape safe." 

Peter thought to himself and said, "I would sooner meet 
any other death than let a lion eat me; we are swift-footed and 
we can run from him, and if I see him coming up with us I 
will remain behind, and you can escape safe." 

" Let it be so," said our Saviour. 

The lion gave a roar, and off and away with him after them, 
and it was not long till he was gaining on them, and close 
up to them. . 

"Kemain behind, Peter," said our Saviour; but Peter let 
on that he never heard a word, and went running out before 
his Master. The Lord turned round and said to the lion, Uo 
back to the desert," and so he did. 

Peter looked behind him, and when he saw the lion going 
back, he stood till our Saviour came up with him. 

3810 riAom peA-OAjv. 

T)'euC peAT)Af\ cAob-fiAjA "oe, Aguf nuAip ConnAij\c fe An 
te6riiAn AS >out AJA Aif t>o feAf f6 50 OCA' in 15 AJA StAnuijceoijA 
fUAf teif. " A peA'OAijA," AJA Se, " "O'PAJ; cu me i mbAO^At, Aj;uf 
jAut) but) meAfA 'nA fin, "o'lnnif cu b^eu^A." 

" tlmne me fin," AJA peA-OAjA, " map bi fiof ASAtn 50 bpuit 
curhAcc A^At) of cionn 5^6 nit>, m h-6 AtftAin Ay teOrh^n ^ 

" Coifs "oo betit, Agtif n bi ^5 mnf e^Cc b^eug, ni 
)A bfeicpeA m6 1 rnb^oAt ^m^t\AC -oo t|A 
piof ^5Am ^p ftnu^incib "oo C^oit)e." 
ftnu^in rn6 AfiArh 50 troe^fin-Ait) c ^on mt) n-AC 

-' Sin bf\eu5 eite," Af\ ^ StAntngCeCitt. " fUC ctjirhm te-AC ^n 
l^ t>o tug m6 > o6i|\c -oo'n fe.Ap-ce<3a "oo bi te^C A^ meif^e, bi 
lon^AncAf o^c A^uf "oubAi^u cu te^c p6m 5U|\ iomt)A "oume 
oo bi i n-eAfbui'O rhoif\ T)'eici$ m6, Aj;uf 50 "octis 
feA|A t)o bi A]A meifse mAjt bi T>uit A^Atn i ^ceOt. -An 
fin "o'eici^ m6 ^n feAn-b^AtAif, A^uf t)ubAitAC cu n^C jvdib -An 
rin ceA|\c. An cfVAtn6n.A ceut)nA if cuitfiin te^c cfeut) 
"O-Ailt. IDineoCAit) m6 Anoif "ouiu CA"O fAc 
fin. tlmne An fCA|\-ce6it niof mo T>e rhAit 'nA finne 

6 pugA-D 1AT). SnAb^a f6 AnAm CAitin 6 
CAib ip|Ainn. t)ti! eAfbuit) bomn Aifv^it) tJi|A|\i A^uf bi fi A^ "out 
peACA-6 mAtAbtAC TO t>eunArfi te nA p A$Ait, A6c Coif\mif5 An peAjv 
ce6it i, tus f 6 An bonn t)i, cit) 50 |\Aib eAf btut) t)i$e AI^ p 6in An 
c-Atti ceti'onA. ITlAitJifA teif An mb|\AtAi|t, m ^Aib Aon eAfbuit) 
cit) 50 bpuAift f6 Ainrn b^AtAfi but) bAtt t>e'n "oiAbAt 6, 
fin 6 An fAt nAC "ocus m6 Aon Ai|\-o Ai|\. ItlAi-oifv teif An 
OAtt, "oo bi A T)tiiA Ann A ^)OCA, 6ijt if f io|i An f eAn-f ocAt, " An 
AIC A bpuit "oo 6ifce b^it) t)o Cfvoi-oe I6i." 

SeAt 56A^^ 'nA t)1A1$ f1fl T>UbA1|\C peATJAjt, " A TTItlAllfC1fA, C^ 

edtAf A^At) AJA nA ftriuAincib if uAi^nige 1 50^ 01*66 An t)ume, 
6'n nOinut) fed AmAC seittim T>UIC Annf gA6 mt). J> 

Uimtiott feACcrhAine 'nA "oiAi^-fin "oo bioTJA^ A^ fiubAt 
6nocAib A^uf fteibcib, A^uf 6AitteA-oA|\ An beAtAc. te cuicim n 
h-oitxie tAini^ cemnceAC Aguf coif\neA6 Aj;uf feAfftAin tftorn 
t)lii An oit)Ce Corh "OO^CA fin n^jt f:eut)A > OA|\ cof^n 

; Unuic peAT)A|\ AnA$Ai"6 CA^fVAi^e A^uf toic fe A 
"oonA fin n^]\ eut> fe coifceim "oo fiubAt. 
ChonnAijtc &p StAnuijte6itt fotuf beA^ fAOi bun cnuic, 
oubAi|\c Se te peAT>A|\, " f An triA^ cA cu A^uf fACAit) tnife 

Saint Peter: 3817 

"Peter," said He, "you left me in danger, and, what was 
worse than that, you told lies." 

" I did that," said Peter, " because I knew that you have 
power over everything, not alone over the lion of the wilder- 

" Silence your mouth, and do not be telling lies; you did 
not know, and if you were to see Me in danger to-morrow you 
would forsake Me again. I know the thoughts of your heart." 

" I never thought that you did anything that was not right," 
said Peter. 

"That is another lie," said our Saviour; "do you not 
remember the day that I gave alms to the musician who was 
half drunk, there was wonder on you, and you said to yourself 
that many's the poor man in great want whom I refused, and 
that I gave alms to a drunken man because I liked music. 
The day after that I refused the old friar, and you said that 
that was not right ; and the same evening you remember what 
happened about the blind man. I will explain to you now 
why I acted like that. That musician did more good than 
twenty friars of his sort since ever they were born. He saved 
a girl's soul from the pain of hell. She wanted a piece of 
money and was going to commit a deadly sin to get it, but 
the musician prevented her, and gave her the piece of money, 
though he himself was in want of a drink at the same time. 
As for the friar, he was not in want at all; although he had 
the name of friar, he was a limb of the devil, and that was 
why I paid him no heed. As for the blind man, his God was 
in his pocket, for the old word is true, " Where your store is, 
your heart will be with it.' ' 

A short time after that Peter said, " Master, you have a 
knowledge of the most lonesome thoughts in the heart of man, 
and from this moment out I submit to you in everything." 

About a week after that they were traveling through hills 
and mountains, and they lost their way. With the fall of 
night there came lightning, thunder, and heavy rain. The 
night was so dark they could not see a sheep's path. Peter 
fell against a rock and hurt his foot so badly that he was 
not able to walk a step. 

Our Saviour saw a little light under the foot of a hill, and 
He said to Peter, " Remain where you are, and I will go to 
seek help to carry you." 

"There is no help to be found in this wild place," said 
Peter, " and don't leave me here in danger by myself." 

" Be it so," said our Saviour, and with that He gave a whistle, 



*' : tli't Aon 6onsnAm te fAAit Ann f An Aic iA-6Am fe6," AJI 
DeAt>Aj\, " x\5Uf nA teij; Ann fo m6 i mbAO&At tiotn pein " 
" t)iot) mAjA fin," Aft Ajt StAnuistedits Aguf teif fin *oo 
feAT>, Aj;uf Ami5 ceAtjtAft feAj\, A^uf CM bi 'nA cAipcin 
-oo f5F 1o r An "OAtt feAt jtoime fin. 

A^, -A^uf t)ut>Ai^c f6 te 

peAt)A|\ olomCA^ 50 ct\AtnAC 50 "od An -A"ic-c<5rhntnt>e *oo 
AtneAfs nA ^cnoc. " Chtn|\ An tieijtc feo," AJA fe, " <3|\ 
510-0 Ann mo oeAlAC-f A feAt seAttp 6 fom." 
T)'iom6Aifv fiAT> peAT)A|\ 50 "oci feomf\A 
bt\e^$ Ann, A^uf CuipeA-OAp An feA|\ toicte i 
AT)A|\ -oeo6 "06. Unuic f6 Ann A. co-olAt) 
SlAntn$teoi|i to|\5 nA 


; bi ceme 
t)i, A^ti 
-oo t\inne 
te n-A meAjt, of cionn nA toice, 

com mAit A^uf o'feu'o f6 |\iAm 





bAin "06. T)'mnif 

" ShAoit me," A|\ f A peAT)A|\, " 50 ^Aib m6 mA|\b Aguf 50 f AID 
m6 fuAf AS oofuf ftAitif, ACc nio|\ feu-o m6 t)tit AfceA6 mA|\ 
bi An -oojuif "otvui-oce, Agtif m -|VAib t)oi|\feoitA te fA^Ait." 

" Atftms T>O bi A^A-O " A|\ Ap St^nuigteoitA, " ACc if fio|\ 
i ; cA An p tAiteAf -o^ui-oce A^tif m't f6 te beit f of^Aitce 50 
bf^$' mife bAf AJA fon peACAit) An cme X)AonnA, -oo Cuiy feAftg 
A]\ m'AtAi|\. Hi bAf coiccionncA ACC b^f nAif\eA6 geobAf me, ACC 
eitteoCAiti m6 At\Tf 50 5t<3f\mAj\ A^tif f oifseOtAit) m6 An 
oo bi t)|Aui > oce, Aguf beit) cuf A "oo "6oi^fe6i|t ! " 

" C|\A, A mtiAi5ifcin," A|v fA peAT)Afv, " m fei-oiji 50 
bAf nAif\eAC, nAC teigpeA -bAm-f A bAf p AAit AJ\ t)o fon-fA, cA m6 

guf coitceAnnAc." 
SAoiteAnn cu fin," A^V A]\ 

An c-Am A fAib A|t StAntti5te6i]t te bAf fAAit. An 
|\oime fin bi f6 fein A^tif An t)A AbfCAt "oeug A^ fei|\e, 
nuAif\ "oubAifvc fe, " cA feAji A^Aib A^ "out mo bjtAt." t)hi cfiob- 
m6|\ OfVjVA A^uf "oubAi|\c 5A6 AOH ACA " An mife e ? " X\cc 
SeifeAn, " An c6 tumAf te n-A tAim Ann f An meif tiom, 
if e fin An feAfi b|VAitfeAf me." 

*OubAi|\c peAT)A|v Ann fin, " "oA mbei'oeAt) An "oomAn lomtAn 
i o'AgAit)," A|\ feifeAn, " m bei-6 mife 1 O'AJAI'O," ACc 
StAntn$te6i|A teif, " f ut mA oi]\eAnn An CoiteAC AnoCc 
(f eunf Ait>) ct m6 C|\1 n-uAipe." 

" T)o ^eobAinn bAf fut mA ceitpmn tu," A]A fA peAT)A|\, ** 50 
t)eimm m CeitfeAt) tu." 

Saint Peter; 3819 

and there came four men; and who was captain of them but 
the person who robbed the blind man a while before that ! He 
recognised our Saviour and Peter, and told his men to carry 
Peter carefully to the dwelling-place they had among the hills ; 
" these two put gold and silver in my way a short time ago," 
said he. 

They carried Peter into a chamber under the ground. There 
was a fine fire in it, and they put the wounded man near it, 
and gave him a drink. He fell asleep, and our Saviour made 
the sign of the cross with his finger above the wound, and 
when he awoke he was able to walk as well as ever. There 
was wonder on him when he awoke, and he asked " what 
happened to him." Our Saviour told him each thing, and how 
it occurred. 

" I thought," said Peter, " that I was dead, and that I was 
up at the gate of heaven; but I could not get in, for the door 
was shut, and there was no doorkeeper to be found." 

" It was a vision you had," said our Saviour, " but it is true. 
Heaven is shut, and is not to be opened until I die for the sin 
of the human race, who put anger on My Father. It is not a 
common, but a shameful, death I shall get; but I shall rise 
again gloriously, and open the heaven that was shut, and you 
shall be doorkeeper." 

" Ora ! Master," said Peter, " it cannot be that you would 
get a shameful death ; would you not allow me to die for you ; 
I am ready and willing." 

" You think that," said our Saviour. 

The time came when our Saviour was to get death. The 
evening before that He himself and His twelve disciples were 
at supper, when He said, " There is a man of you going to betray 
me." There was great trouble on them, and each of them 
said, " Am I he? " But He said, " He who dips with his hand 
in the dish with Me, he is the man who shall betray Me." 

Peter then said, " If the* whole world were against you, 
" I will not be against you." But our Saviour said to him, 
" Before the cock crows to-night you will reneague (deny) Me 
three times." 

"I would die before I would reneague you," said Peter; 
" indeed I shall not reneague you." 

When death-judgment was passed upon our Saviour, His 
enemies were beating Him and spitting on Him. Peter was 




bfteiteArnnAf bxXif Aft 4ft Sl^nuite6if, t>l A 
S CAtAt> fmusAijae AIJ\. t)tii 

t>ut!)Ait\c teif 

A|\ f A 



bite, " fin 

t)i ctif A te nfof A." " tli'l 

CA CU t\At)." 

S "out AtriAC An 5GACA, Ann fin, x>ut)Ai|\c CAitin 
"oo t>i te nTof A," ACC tt>5 f eifeAn A rhionnA 
|\Ait) e6tAf AJA bit Ai^e Ai|\. Ann fin t)tJt>Aifvc cuit) "oe nA 
oo t>i AS 6ifceA6c, " ni't Ani|\Af A|\ bit nAC fAib cu teif, Aitm$rni > o 
AJ\ "oo CAinc e." ^nu^ fe nA mionnAit) m6|\A Ann fin, nA]A teif 
^> A 5 u r A H t)Att "oo $tAO"6 An coiteAc, AgtJf Cirhni$ f6 Ann fin 
Ajt nA poclAib t)ubAi|tc Af\ SlAnui$te<3i]A, A^uf "oo fit fe nA t)eC|\A 
Aiti\i$e, A^uf f UAIH f e niAiteATfinAf c'n ce t)o ceit f e. UA COC^ACA 
Anoif, A^uf mA fiteAnn finne nA iDeOfA Aitfie f AOI 
toccAib mA|\ *oo fit f eifeAn 1AT), seobAmAoiT) mAiteAriinAf 
puAi|\ f eifeAn e, Aguf cttiftfit) fe cent) mite p-Aitce ^\6rhAinn. 
finne 50 

Saint Peter. 3821 

outside in the court, when there came a servant-girl to him 
and said to him, " You were with Jesus." " I don't know," 
says Peter, " what you are saying." 

Then when he was going out the gate another girl said, 
" There's the man who was with Jesus," but he took his oath 
that he had no knowledge at all of Him. Then some of the 
people who were listening said, " There is no doubt at all but 
you were with Him; we know it by your talk." He took the 
great oaths then that he was not with Him. And on the 
spot the cock crew, and then he remembered the words our 
Saviour said, and he wept the tears of repentance, and he 
found forgiveness from Him whom he denied. He has the keys 
of heaven now, and if we shed the tears of repentance for our 
faults, as he shed them, we shall find forgiveness as he found 
it, and he will welcome us with a hundred thousand welcomes 
when we go to the door of heaven. 


txitii5 ATI 


t)tii AH "otune boCc 
Atif feAn-CCcA fcf oicte, 


t)ti! A] 

Cf\Atn6nA, Asuf x>o CAfAt) 
fin 50 -oonA, ni f\Aib Aijt ACc 

rnbj\6s f AOI n-A 

50 T>ciuttf\A > 6 AH 

Aon cf turn Ann, 
t)hi lon^AncAf 
fAOit f6 50 ociubiAA'6 An Ui$eAj\nA -00 

1\ AOH nit) T)0 

615111 t><5; 
fe tAi|\if 






An t^ AH nA n^At\A6 t)i An UigeAfinA A^tif peA"OAtv AS fpAif- 
T>e6fA6c Aj\if AJ\ An mb6tA|\ ceuT>nA, A^uf CIA "o'-feicfe 
ceACc 'nA gcomne Ann f An sceA|\c--Aic Ann A |\Ait> An 
bo6c An tA jvoitne fin ACc |\iob^liti > 6e A^uf ctoifteArh noCcA 
Ann A t-Aitn: Uti-dmis f6 CUCA A^uf t)'iAHH 
Untis An Ui$eAf\nA An C-AIHSIO-O t)6 ^An ocAt oo 
An fob-dititte. t)ni lon^AncAf oubAtCA AJ\ pneAt)A|\ Ann fin, 
fAOit f6 50 H^1^ -A" iomA|\ctii 1 6 meifni$ AS 

"OO tA^AI^C T)O gAtJUl* Af fA1C6lOf. tlUAIH bl An Ul$eA|\nA 

peAT)At\ initiate CAmAtt beAs AJ\ An mb6tA|\ 

ceifc "oo Cu^ A1|\.' 

cti OA'DA^i "oo'n "oonAn boCc "O'IAHH 'o&pc of\c Ant)6, 

50 "ecus cu Ai-pSiot) oo'n biteAtfmAC s A>ot;l1>(!)e * Winig 
te cloitteAtn Ann A t-Airh : nA6 fAib finn-ne 'n AJ\ mbeijAC 
ni H AI ^ -A -ACc -peA^ ArhAm ; c^ ctoi"OeArti A5Am-f A " t)eiH f 6 
" Aguf b' f eAt\i\ An f eAt\ mif e 'nA eif eAn ! " "A pneA'DAip " A 
f An Ci$eA^nA " m feiceAnn cuf A A6c An CAOb 

" TlAC md^ An fseut A UrnseAt\nA 

f Ai|\ me ATI f sent f o, o peAjt-oibfte t>o t)i A$ ne-oinjcon *Oe Tloif re, 

, ACC 6uAtAf 30 mime 6. m h-iAt> f o A ceA|tc-f ocAit Ann A bpuAi jieAf e. 



This is a story I have often heard. The above version I got from 
a man near Monivea, in Galway, though I do not give his exact words. 
1 heard one nearly identical, only told in English, in the Co. Tipperary. 
The story reminded me so strongly of those strange semi-comic 
mediaeval moralities, common at an early date to most European 
languages such pieces as Goethe has imitated in his story of " St. Peter 
and the Horse-shoe " that I could not resist the temptation to turn it 
into rhyme, though it is not rhymed in the original. More than one 
celebrated piece of both English and French literature founded upon 
the same motif as this story will occur to the student. DOUGLAS HYDE. 
[Eeligious Songs of Connacht.] 

As once our Saviour and St. Peter 

Were walking over the hills together, 

In a lonesome place that was by the sea, 

Beside the border of Galilee, 

Just as the sun to set began 

Whom should they meet but a poor old man ! 

His coat was ragged, his hat was torn, 

He seemed most wretched and forlorn, 

Penury stared in his haggard eye, 

And he asked an alms as they passed him by. 

Peter had only a copper or two, 
So he looked to see what the Lord would do. 
The man was trembling it seemed to him 
With hunger and cold in every limb. 
But, nevertheless, our Lord looked grave, 
He turned away and He nothing gave. 
And Peter was vexed awhile at that 
And wondered what our Lord was at, 
Because he had thought Him much too good 
To ever refuse a man for food. 
But though he wondered he nothing said, 
Nor asked the cause, for he was afraid. 

It happened that the following day 
They both returned that very way, 
And whom should they meet where tne man had been, 
But a highway robber, gaunt and lean 1 
And in his belt a naked sword 
For an alms he, too, besought the Lord. 
"He's an ass," thought Peter, "to meet us thus; 
He won't get anything from us." 
But Peter was seized with such surprise, 
He scarcely could believe his eyes 
When he saw the Master, without a word, 
Give to the man who had the sword. 

After the man was gone again 
His wonder Peter could not restrain, 
But turning to our Saviour, said : 
" Master, the man who asked for bread, 


An c &Ainc Annf An 

f e An CAob-Afci$ : m f eiceAnn tuf A ACC cojip nA n-OAome 
peicim-f e An ct\oi>6e . x\cu beit> f iof A^AX) 50 f Cit " A-|\ Se 
" Cf\euT> pAt t>o fmne m6 fin." 

Utitnc f6 AtnAC Aon t^ AtfiAin J nA "6iAi fin 50 n'oeACAit) AH 

|\ nA fteit>ciE). t)ni cemnueA6 
Ann, A^tif t>f fiA*o bAii!)ce, A^tif 

An D(5tAi\ CAittce ACA. CIA t)'f eicpeA-6 -piAt) tticA Ann fin ACc An 
t\obAitit>e cetJt)nA A t>ctJ5 An UigeAfinA Ai^pot) "06 An IA fin, 
HuAi|\ tAmi5 f6 CUCA t)i C1AUA15 Ai^e t!)6it), A^uf -puj 
50 t)ci UAI$ TJO Oi Ai^e -pAoi t>un CAi^i^e, AmeAf^ nA 
Aguf t)Ain f6 An c-eu-OAC -ptmC t)iot) A^uf etn^ 
O|\]AA, A^uf tug neA|\c te n'lte A^tif te n'dl t)6ir) Ajtif teAbui-6 
te ttii'Oe Ai\, Ati AC uite Cc "a'etit) 6 "OetinArh t)Cit> t)O 




A|\ An Tttt)6tAft C6A|\C 

" TTIo 


f 6 

1AX), Agtif tug t6n t)6it) te h-A$Ait> An 

A|\ peAX)Af\ teif pein Ann fin, " t)i An CCAJU; 

An peAjA An 5At)tnx)e ; if iomt)A peAjt c6i|v," A|\ 

nt)eA|\nAit) An oi^eAt) fin t)Afh-f A ! " 

Th t^A^ fiAT) A t)fAX) imtigte A^V An mbot:A|\ Ann fin 50 

mAjtE) Agiif 6 fince Af CnAirh A t)t\omA Af tA|A An t>CCAi|\, 
Aitnig peAX)A|\ 6 gup Ab e An feAn-feAf ceuT)nA "oo 
An Ui$eA^nA An T>ei^c t)6. " t)'otc TO tMnneAmAt\ " A^ 
teif f em, " Aifv^iot) x>o T)iutcu5At) "oo'n t)ume boCc fin, 
po6 6 mA^b Anoif te "oonAf A^uf An]\6. 
Afi f An UigeA^nA " ceit) tAtt 61115 An tip eA^ fin Aguf f eu6 
c^ Ai$e Ann A POCA." CUAIX> peATDA-jt Anonn Cui^e A^uf CofAi$ 
fe AS tAirhri$At) A feAn-66cA A^uf c^eut) t>o pwAi^ fe Ann A6c 
A t-An AijApo-o jeAt, A^uf timdott ciiptA fitiT) bonn 6i|t. " xX 
AJ\ fA peA-OAfi, " t)nl An ceA^c A5AT)-fA, Aguf CIA b6 
t>eunfAf c no t>eAf\fAf cw Afif, m fACAit) m6 i x>' A$AIX). )S 
<f "OeunfAit) fin A pneATDAifi," &$. fAn Ci$eAt\nA. " 5 tAC 
An c-Ai^5iot) fin Anoif A^tJf CAit AfceA6 6 Ann fAn bpott 

How Covetousness came into the Church t 3826 

The poor old man of yesterday, 

Why did you turn from him away ? 

But to this robber, this shameless thief, 

Give, when he asked you for relief. 

I thought it most strange for you to do; 

We needn't have feared him, we were two, 

I have a sword here, as you see, 

And could have used it as well as he ; 

And I am taller by a span, 

For he was only a little man." 

"Peter," said our Lord, "you see 
Things but as they seem to be. 
Look within and see behind, 
Know the heart and read the mind, 
'Tis not long before you know 
Why it was I acted so." 

After this it chanced one day 
Our Lord and Peter went astray, 
Wandering on a mountain wide, 
Nothing but waste on every side. 
Worn with hunger, faint with thirst, 
Peter followed, the Lord went first. 
Then began a heavy rain, 
Lightning gleamed and flashed again, 
Another deluge poured from heaven, 
The slanting hail swept tempest-driven. 
Then, when fainting, frozen, spent, 
A man came towards them through the bent, 
And Peter trembled with cold and fright, 
When he knew again the robber wight. 
But the robber brought them to his cave, 
And what he had he freely gave. 
He gave them wine, he gave them bread, 
He strewed them rushes for a bed, 
He lent them both a clean attire 
And dried their clothes before the fire, 
And when they rose the following day 
He gave them victuals for the way, 
And never left them till he showed 
The road he thought the straightest road. 

"The Master was right," thought Peter then, 
"The robber is better than better men, 
There's many an honest man," thought he, 
"Who never did as much for me." 

They had not left the robber's ground 
Above an hour, when lo, they found 
A man upon the mountain track 
Lying dead upon his back. 
And Peter soon, with much surprise, 
The beggarman did recognize. 



An u SAinc Annf An 

m<3nA tAtt, ni tMonn Ann fAn 
Chjunnnig peAT>AH An c-A 
An pott-tti<5nA teip ; ACC 

fo "oo 6u|A AtnugA, 
\ An 

50 mime ACC niAtlACc 
te c6ite, A^uf ctJAit) f 50 
t)i f 6 "out T>'A 6AiteArh 
Ait)t)6ut An C|\UA$ An 
if mime bionn 
ni tuAnn 6 Aon 


T>e n 

An c- 

fo AJ\ -pon 

fin T>O 

, A-pceA6 Ann f An bpott, 1 ^iocc 50 
An Ui$eAj\nA An cof\An, A^tif 50 fAoitpeAt) fe 50 
CAitce AfceAc. tliiAif tAim^ f 6 A^ Aif Ann fin > o'fiAFtuji$ An 
eA|\nA, "66 " A pneA-oAi^," A|\ f 6, " A-p CAit cu An c-AiH^iot) fin mle 
AfceAc." " CnAiteAf " AH peAT>At\, " ACC AtfiAin piof A 6i|\ no 
06, -oo Const)Ai$ m6 te biA-6 A^uf -oeoc -oo ceAnnAC -ouic-fe." 

" O ! A pneAt)AiH," AH f An UigeAnnA, " cneAT) pAt nAC n-oeAH- 
cu mAH "oubAinn mife teAC. pe-Af fAnncAC tw, A^tif bei-6 
CfAinc fin one 50 tH At -" 
Sin 6 An f AC JTAOI A Dpuit An CAgtAif f Annexe 6 

How Covetousness came into the Church: 3827 

" Ochone !" thought Peter, " we had no right 

To refuse him alms the other night. 

He's dead from the cold and want of food, 

And we're partly guilty of his blood." 

" Peter," said our Lord, " go now 

Feel his pockets and let us know 

What he has within his coat." 

Then Peter turned them inside out, 

And found within the lining plenty 

Of silvej coins, and gold ones twenty. 

"My Lord," said Peter, "now I know 

Why it was you acted so. 

Whatever you say or do with men, 

I never will think you wrong again." 

"Peter," said our Saviour, "take 

And throw those coins in yonder lake, 

That none may fish them up again, 

For money is often the curse of men." 
Peter gathered the coins together, 

And crossed to the lake through bog and heather. 

But he thought in his mind : " It's a real sin 

To be flinging this lovely money in. 

We're often hungry, we're often cold, 
And money is money I'll keep the gold 

To spend on the Master ; He needs the pelf, 

For He's very neglectful of Himself." 

Then down with a splash does Peter throw 

The silver coins to the lake below, 

And hopes our Lord from the splash would think 

He had thrown the whole from off the brink. 

And then before our Lord he stood 

And looked as innocent as he could. 

Our Lord said : " Peter, regard your soul ; 
Are you sure you have thrown in the whole?" 
"Yes, all," said Peter, "is gone below, 
But a few gold pieces I wouldn't throw, 
Since I thought we might find them very good 
For bed, or for drink, or a bite of food. 
Because our own are nearly out, 
And they are inconvenient to do without. 
But, if you wish it, of course I'll go 
And fling the rest of the lot below." 
"Ah, Peter, Peter," said our Lord, 

" You should have obeyed me at my word, 
For a greedy man you are, I see. 
And a greedy man you will ever be; 
A covetous man you are of gain, 

And a covetous man you will remain." 
And that's the reason, as I've been told, 
The clergy are since so fond of gold. 


tix\ cnoise 

O nlrhA'O mo crteix>im, n^rhAt) mo tirT, 
rno ctomne 'f rno ceite, 

"oeun mo comAir\ce 
te pio$Air\ nA C|\oife 

te b-df tiA Crioipe cexMinxMg cu 
SUotc [mi-] ortcutiAC 60^, 

fom AnuAf if beAnnAite 

xXn corh-Ar\tx3i f o -djVO-n.domt.A. 


"Do Cf\oiC ATI "oomATi 50 h-e.ACc.AC, 
o'^f\'OAT$eA > 6 fu-Af An 
|\ 6r\uim nA Cr\oife 

A Didn fin, An c6 
HAC mb^Tfj A crxOT'oe T)'A 
xX'f x>e6Ttt Aitr\T$e AS piteA' 

Of c6tfiATf\ nA Cr\oif e nAomtA ! 

1f geAtAfi 6 r\6Tm An otnne tA*5 

Si of te fAn An c-fAoAit-fe, 
tli tAorhAnn (?) An SpiotvA-o mALttngte 
pio$AT|\ nA Cftoife TlAorfitAj 

S5Annr\6cA|\ ^AC Aon f AOI fieim An 
"O'A tACCA-6 ftiAf, AS eusA-6, 

1f T)o6c b6i"6 tA An 
5-An fgAt nA Cfvoife 



[I came across this religious poem in Irish among the MSS. of William 
Bmith O'Brien, the Irish Leader, at Cahermoyle. It was attributed to 
a Father O'Meehan. DOUGLAS HYDE, in " Religious Songs of Connacht."] 

From the foes of my land, from the foes of my faith, 

From the foes who would us dissever, 
O Lord, preserve me in life, in death, 

With the Sign of the Cross for ever. 

By death on the Cross was the race restored, 

For vain was our endeavor ; 
Henceforward blessed, O blessed Lord, 

Be the Sign of the Cross for ever. 

Rent were the rocks, the sun did fade 

The darkening world did quiver, 
When on the tree our Saviour made 

The Sign of the Cross for ever. 

Therefore I mourn for him whose heart 

Shall neither shrink nor shiver, 
Whose tears of sorrow refuse to start 

At the Sign of the Cross for ever. 

Swiftly we pass to the unknown land, 

Down like an ebbing river, 
But the devils themselves cannot withstand 

The Sign of the Cross for ever. 

When the hour shall come that shall make us dust, 

When the soul and the body sever, 
Fearful the fear if we may not trust 

In tKe Sign of the Cross for ever. 



beAn nA -ocjti rnb6 ! 
Af t)o b6l ACC nA bi ceAnn : 
T)o -ConnAifc meifi $An 56, 
t)eAn if bA "6A nio A beAnnj 

Hi rhAi|teAnn f Ai-objieAf T>O n4 
T)o neA6 n4 CAbAif\ rAif 50 rn 

Cu^AC AH C-6A5 A-p SA6 CAOtt ; 

50 f^it), A beAn HA *oc|\i mbd 

6o$Ain ttl6i|\ 'f 
ACc T>o$tii ctu 

A f eotCA 5-|t t^iseA-DAiA f ;of ; 

, A beAti r.A -oct\i mb6 ! 

CtAtin $A1f^e tJigeAtMIA An 

XV n-imteACc-fAn, bA tA teom, 
^Ati fuit ^e n-A -oceACc 50 

, A beAti HA t)ct\i mb6 ! 

*O6rhtiAlt 6 *0i4ti bAoi HA tons, 
HA SuitteAbAiti tiA'p tim stOtt ; 

tine 'f Atl SpAin t\e ctAi-6eAtti : 
^ beAn tiA "oci mb6 ! 


"L& 1 n 

If 1tlA5'Ul > 6lft| t)O bl 

'HA tAti beoit ; 
imti Ati t)if : 
beAn HA T)ct\! tnbd ! 

Slot sCeAfbAitt -oo b! ceAtin; 
te mbeifiti SAC ^eAlt 1 n^ted ; 
Hi rhAi^eAnn Aon t)iob, mo "bit t 
50 nfei'O, A beAn tiA t)C|\i tnb6 ! 

AOH bom AttiAin t)o 
XXf rhtiAoi eite, if I A t)6, 
*Oo |viniiif-f e iomof C 

A beAn nA t)C? mb6 t 


tn'fAUuinj, A 


*Oo bfof 

An f ACmtjf *oo $tACAif fet>* btaAib 
bfA$Ainn-fe feAtb A ccAtAijt "oo 




Woman of Three Cows, agra \ don't let your tongue thus rattle 1 
Oh, don't be saucy, don't be stiff, because you may have cattle. 

1 have seen and, here's my hand to you, I only say what's true 
A many a one with twice your stock not half so proud as you. 

Good luck to you, don't scorn the poor, and don't be their despiser ; 
For worldly wealth soon melts away, and cheats the very miser ; 
And death soon strips the proudest wreath from haughty human brows 
Then don't be stiff, and don't be proud, good Woman of Three Cows. 

See where Momonia's heroes lie, proud Owen Mor's descendants. 
3 Tis they that won the glorious name, and had the grand attendants ; 
If they were forced to bow to Fate, as every mortal bows, 
Can you be proud, can you be stiff, my Woman of Three Cows ? 

The brave sons of the Lord of Clare, they left the land to mourning ; 
Mavrone ! for they were banished, with no hope of their returning. 
Who knows in what abodes of want those youths were driven to house ? 
Yet you can give yourself these airs, O Woman of Three Cows. 

Oh, think of Donnel of the Ships, the Chief whom nothing daunted, 
See how he fell in distant Spain unchronicled, unchanted ; 
He sleeps, the gieat O'Sullivan, where thunder cannot rouse 
Then ask yourself, should you be proud, good Woman of Three Cows ? 

O'Ruark, Maguii e, those souls of fire, whose names are shrined in story : 
Think how their high achievements once made Erin's greatest glory. 
Yet now their bones lie mouldering under weeds and cypress boughs 
And so. for all your pride, will yours, O Woman of Three Cows. 

Th' O'Carrols, also, famed when fame was oaly for the boldest, 

Rest in forgotten sepulchres with Erin's best and oldest; 

Yet who so great as they of yore in battle or carouse? 

Just think of that, and hide your head, good Woman of Three Cows. 

Your neighbour's poor ; and you, it seems, are big with vain ideas, 
Because, inagh \ you've got three cows one more, I see, than she has ; 
That tongue of yours wags more at times than charity allows ; 
But if you're strong, be merciful great Woman of Three Cows. 


Now, there you go ; you still, of course, keep up your scornful bearing, 
And I'm too poor to hinder you ; but, by the cloak I'm wearing, 
If I had but four cows myself, even though you were my spouse, 
I'd thwack you well, to cure your pride, my Woman of Three Cows. 

First published by O'Curry in the "Irish Penny Journal" (Gnnn & Cameron's) 
No. 9, 29th August, 1840, with an introductory note, and Mangan's famous metrical 
version (pp. 63, 69). 


An UArm 5Aet>eAtAC. 

AS ? flAnn teAt-pA"s.AncA eite -DO CuAtAf 6 Otnne o Cont>A6 
"Otiin-nA-nsAtt ; bu-6 rm-fuAitfineAC fcAfo nA ti-ipeAnn, mAjx if 

tnife -otntie A|\ bit 
A'f nA^ rhAfbAi-6 Aon t)uine 
tn-A cA Aon T>tnne Af ci mo 
50 mbut) mif e rfi-A|\bpAf 6 ! 

AS fo tVArm eite Ay. An 
oo bei O 

, t>o b! AOA i 



Le buittm nA ctei|\e nA "oeun 
Tlo if bAo$At "oo "o'Cuit) tiite 




, t>o 


Hi meifse if mifce tiom, 

ACc teifs A peicfinc oi\m, 

5-Ati "01$ nA meifge if mifce An 5f\eAnn, 

ACc m gn^tAt meifge gAn rm-$fveAnn. 

AS fo f\Ann "oo CuAlAf 6'n bpeAf ceu-onA, Af rhnAoi 
pe ACA 1 sCuise TTIurhAn mAp An 

ceme pAoi toC 
Ho CAiteArh ctoC te ctJAn, 
C6riiAij\te T>O tAbAi^c "oo rhnAoi boi^b 
1 buitte " 

AS fo |\Ann tni-t^$A6 eite Af nA mn-dib, *oo CuAtAf i 


if t)oiti$ A munA-6 
t)eAn, trmc, A^tif muile ! 

*Alitcr, "-ooijtn," 



[From " Songs of Connacht," by DOUOLAS HTDB.] 
Here is a half-Pagan rann which I heard from a man in 
Donegal. The state of Ireland seems to have been unsettled 
at the time it was made 

I hope and pray that none may kill me, 
Nor I kill any, with woundings grim, 

But if ever any should think to kill me 
I pray thee, God, let me kill him.* 

Here is another rann about the clerics which O'Daly gives 
Avoid all stewardship of church or Kill, 
It is ill to be much in the clerics' way, 
Lest you live to see that which with pains you save, 

Like foam on the wave float far away.f 

Here is a rann on drunkenness which I got from my friend 
Thomas Barclay. It is almost in Deibhidh metre 
I mind not being drunk, but then 
Much mind to be seen drunken. 
Drink only perfects all our play, 
Yet breeds it discord alway.| 

Here is another rann on the fierce or wayward woman, which 
I heard from the same; it is also current in Munster 
Like a fire kindled beneath a lake, 

Like a stone to break an advancing sea, 
Like a blow that is struck upon iron cold, 
To the wayward woman thy counsels be. 

Here is another discourteous rann on women that I heard 
in Connacht 

If you hope to teach, you must be a fool, 
A woman, a porker, or a mule.|| 

* Literally : That I may kill no man at all, and that no man may kill 
me ! But if there is anyone bent on killing me, that it may be I who 
shall kill him! 

t Literally : Avoid the stewardship of a Kill (or church). With the 
band of the clerics do not make agreement, or there is a danger of all 
your portion departing like leaves on the top of the tide. 

t Literally: It is not intoxication I think the worse of, but [am] loath 
it to be seen on me. Without the drink of intoxication fun is the worse, 
but intoxication is not usual without dis-fun [i.., something the opposite 
of fun]. 

Literally : The kindling of a fire beneath a lake or the throwing of 
stones against the harbor, to give advice to a wayward (or fierce) 
woman, it is a blow of a fist upon cold iron. 

\\Literally: Three things difficult to teach [are] a woman, a pig, and 
a mule I 



x\n TUtin 
AH An bpeAjt bopb, -oo CtiAtAf i 

C6mAifle -oo tAbAit\c -oo "bume bojib 

til b^tut Ann ACc nit> $An c6 
5o sclAoi-bceAn 6 'nA toCc 

S 50 ni$ceAp 6 'nA Aim-teAf 







'S 50 bpmt " notion " ^5^-0 n4^ CteA6c -oo 
t)6tACc-bte-ACc "oo b'Aice te6 A 
*S ni COCA bfe^c A]\ pte-AC (?) "oo 


," " if t)6i$ tiom," -A* 

Horn |:6in, 

".n c^i fri-A'onuife 


6'n sconce tet)nA 50 
ouine A |\Aib An-6Ainc A$uf CO$A An 


A f uAtA-6 50 

-00 t\mne 

x\5 fo fAnn niAiC AJA An Cfiof-t|\oi'o -pin AC^ AJ\ bun 
coit A^uf An cuisfinCjj Aif\ AJ\ tAbAi^ An R6m-AnAC, 
f 6, video meliora probo-que deteriora sequor 

bo6c An coifs A*f An co^ Ann A bpuitim i bp6m ! 
THo tui5finc Cm' toit, A J f mo toit AS t>|ttnx)im 6m' 
Hi tui^teA-fv T>om 5 toil gA6 to6c "oom' tui^finc if 
tlo mA tui^teAf, ni coil t6i, ACc coit A ctnsfionA 


* Literally : To give advice to a wayward [or fierce] man, there is 
nothing in it but an act devoid of sense, until he be overthrown in his 
fault, and until he is washed [i.e., laid out dead] in his own misfortune. 

t Literally. My pretty girl, do not think that great is your sense, and 
sure you have a notion that your people [literally, " seed "] never 
practised, milk-kine on a mountain they liked better, and not a speckled 
ooat behind. 

Irish Ranns. 3535 

Here is a rann on the fierce or wayward man, which I heard 
in the County Roscommon 

To a wayward man thine advice to bring 
Is a foolish thing, and a loss of time, 

His fault must find him, he must be crost, 
Till death be the cost of his frantic crime.* 

Here is an advice which a priest in the County Mayo gave 
to a girl who was too foreign-mannered and dressy; I heard 
it from the same 

My girl, I fear your sense is not great at all, 
Your fathers, my dear, would rate such sense as small, 
They loved good cheer and not state, and a well-filled stall, 
Not garments queer to inflate like the purse-proud Gall.f 

Here is a forcible saying from the County Mayo 

"No doubt sure," "Myself believes," "Thinks I," 
Three witnesses these of the common lie!J 

A man from the same county said pithily to someone who 
had fine talk and choice English, but who made bad whiskey 

It's to mix-without-fault, 

And not English, makes malt! 

Here is a good rann on that constant combat which is ever 
on foot between the will and the reason, of which the Latin 
spoke when he said, "I see the better things and approve of 
them, but I follow the worse " 

How sad is my case, I am surely in plight most ill, 
My will with my reason, my reason fights with my will, 
My reason sees faults that my will remains blind to still, 
Or should my will see them, my reason strikes to my will.|| 

I Literally: "I think," "I'm near-sure," and "it seems to me," those 
are three witnesses that the lie has. 

% Literally: It is not English makes malt, but to mix it well. 

|| Literally: Is it ot poor, the way and the condition in which I am 
in pain, my understanding [moving away] from my will, and my will 
moving away from my understanding. Each fault which is plain to my 
understanding is not understood by my will, or if it is understood she 
wills it not, but [wills] the will of her own understanding. 


An R-Atin 

^5 T 
f AtAC An 

eite ; *f f eAn-f ocAt coiccionn " m tuigeAnn AH 

S m tAinis F 1Arf1 C|\A$A-6 An tAn-ifmi|\ 
Hi ttionn pAi^c AS trmAib te sfo^Aip 
S ni tug An t)Af fpAf -oo liuine A|\ bit 





*OiAf nA6 
1f "061$ te 

'be pein 

te Ceite ! 

A ceitte ! 

fo fAnn eite A^ An t)uine A Oputt A Aij\e Aguf A mncinn 

An c-i 
Hi t)ionn Coi^Ce ^An bAjtf 5tAf, 

n A t>eit J fAn mt>Aite 
TleAC Ann A*f A Aipe Af ! 

mo^An fAnn Ann, 

50 tipuit An 
Hi tiut)f A>0 

innfinc "oeiiAit) neiteA-6 AH 
if m6 ACA coicCionn t>o'n oite^in 
ceAnn ACA niAft fomptA, t)o |\eip 

tomge, bAtA"6, 
'Oei^eA'6 Aite, 


An sceu'onA A t^n T>e 
" tTlAi|\5 " AS -oeunArh c^tJAi$e 

teif AH 


* Literally: The mild satisfied one never felt [for] the hungry one, 
and there never came an ebb without a full tide close behind it. No 
woman has any part with a gray-haired dotard (?), and death has never 
given respite to anyone. 

t Literally : Sense and un-sense, two who do not go together. The 
man without sense is certain that he himself is the author of sense. 

Irish Manns. 3337 

Here is another rann : The satiated does not understand 
the lean " is a common proverb 

The satisfied man for the hungry one never feels, 
There never comes ebb without full tide close at* its heels, 
To the gray-haired dotard no woman her heart reveals, 
From death when he comes no praying a respite steals!* 

Here is another rann on sense and folly 

Though the senseless and sensible 

Never foregather, 
Yet the senseless one thinks 

He is Sense's own father, t 

Here is another rann on the man whose attention and mind 
are astray 

A constant tree is the yew to me, 

It is green to see, and grows never gray, 
'T were as good for a man through the world to roam 

As to live at home with his mind away.| 

There exist many ranns telling the end of the things of the 
world. I believe the most of these are common to the entire 
island. I shall only give one of them here as a specimen, in 
the form it has in the County Mayo 

The end of a ship is drowning, 

The end of a kiln is burning, 
The end of a feast is frowning, 

The end of man's health is mourning. 

There are also a great number of ranns beginning with the 
word " alas," or " woe," lamenting over various things. Here 

| A tree of fruit is the yewtree, it is never without a green top. It is 
the same thing for a man not to be at home as for him to be there with 
his attention away. [The idea seems to be that wherever a man is 
planted, he should remain there with his mind fresh and green like the 
yew and not grow withered by wishing to be where he cannot be.] 

Literally : The end of a ship drowning ; the end of a kiln burning ; 
the end of a feast reviling ; the end of health a sigh. 



fo cuptA fomptA -0105 fo, Af An 

CUAtAf 1A-0 

UofcomAin, niAf* oo 




1f rnAij\5 biof i "Dcif $An beit 
1f rnAips "oo $111*6 cCrhjvA'O A 

"o-A rhAi]\5 n^6 -5cuif\e.Arm 

A beats 


1f mAif5 A mtMonn A 

1f m.Aij\5 A mbionn -A CtAnn 
1f rnAijtg A t)it)6Af i mbot^n boCc, 
-A t>it)eA An otc 


te " If 

1f ptiAt tiom CAifteAn Aft rhdn, 

1f -puAt tiom p6$rhAf\ beit 
1f ptJAt tiom beAn buinneAC (?) A|\ 


AS yeAt (f\it) Af\ put) age,' 

1f fUAt tlOTTl "OUine-tJAfAt 


|\ATin cof rhuit teif f e6 i t>CAOit> prunn ITIIiic 

rnt> "o'-d 
Cu C|\UA$, 



$nAtA6 teif nA t^Aoimb beitit>eAC ^igm To 
o'iCe oi'OCe pneite tTlnA|\CAin; CtiA^tA, An oi-bCe fe6, tiAC 
te mAi\bAt) AS mnAoi An cije A6c muc bjteAc, A^uf nio^ niAit t6i 
fin t)o "OetinArh. x\Cc bu* rhiAn teif An mAC b^ite rhAit -oo belt 

(a) Aliter, cf 

Literally: Alas for who makes land fallow without seed [to put in it], 
alas for him who is in a land without being strong, alas for who makes 
conversation without elegance, and twice alas for him who places no 
control over his mouth. 


Irish Ranns. 3339 

are a couple of examples of them just as I heard them in the 
County Roscommon 

Alas for who plow without seed to sow, 

For the weak who go through a foreign land, 
For the man who speaks badly >et does not know, 
Twice woe for the mouth under no command.* 
And again 

Alas for the man who is weak in friends, 

For the man whose sons do not make him glad, 

For the man of the hut through which winds can blow, 
Twice woe for who neither is good nor badt 

There is also many a rann beginning with the words " I 
hate." Such as 

I hate a castle on bog-land built, 

And a harvest spilt through the constant wet, 

I hate a woman who spoils the quern, 
And I hate a priest to be long in debt. { 


I hate poor hounds about a house 

That drag their mangy life, 
I hate to see a gentlema_n 

Attending on his wife ? 

There is a rann somewhat like this about Finn Mac Cool 

Four things did Finn dislike indeed, 

A slow-foot steed, a hound run wild, 
An unwise lord who breeds but strife, 

And a good man's wife who bears no child. || 

It used to be the custom of the people to kill and eat some 
beast on St. Martin's Night. It happened on this night that 
the woman of the house had nothing she could kill except a 
speckled pig, and she did not like to do this. But her son 

t Literally : Alas for him whose friend is feeble, and alas for him 
whose children are without prosperity, alas for him who is in a poor 
bothy or hut, and twice alas for him who is without either bad or good. 
. [Perhaps ^this last clause is a reminiscence of the Apocalyptic 
o<f>e\ov ij/vxpbs'ijs ^ 6e<rr6s-] 

| Literally : I hate a castle on a bog, I hate a harvest to be drowned, 
I hate a * * * (?) woman at a quern, and I hate debt on a priest. 

% Literally: I hate a miserable hound running throughout a house, I 
hate a gentleman atending [i.e., for want of servants] on his wife. 

|! Literally: Four things to which Finn gave hatred, a miserable hound, 
a slow steed, a country's lord not to be prudent, and a man's wife who 
would not bear children. 

3840 An ttAnn 

CuAi-6 re i ttpotAC AH Cut A 

f "oe $t6fi 5|\AnnA uAtti-dpAC An juuin f o 

ITlife tTUfvcAn -DeA-pS T)1A, 

Asr Af SAC feAttt buAimni -peoit, 
ITlAf\ nAjA niAj\t> cufA An tfmc t>j\eAC 

tTlAf\t>jMi't> mife "oo rhAc CoftniAC 65. 

T)o f5Ann|\AieA'6 An rh-dtAi^, 6if\ f Aoit fi gup t>'6 TlAorh 
p6in "DO t>i AS tAbAijAU, Agiif rhAfib fi An rhuc. 

X\5 f a rseut >DO f5^ ot> ^^ P f ^^ut ttliCe^t Itlic 
" An pile Af Cont)A6 ttlui$-66," mA|\ teAnAf : 

" t)i bei^c fA^A|\c AS fpAifoeo^ACc, Aon \,& Arh^m, A^iif Conn- 
fiAT> [A^] ci^eACc 'nA n-AjAi*6 teAt-AniA'oAn nAC f\Ait) Aon 
, ACc t)i f6 An eAt\f\-t\iobAttAC [56i|\-f:|\eA5Ai\tAC], Aguf 
ceAnn "oe nA f A^AI^C teif An tpeAp eite, ' ctujvpit) rn6 ceifc 

otnc A tei^eAn tA|\c ' Ajt f An peAf\ eite. tltiAii\ 

1 n-incig (?) [= 1 ngA^] "0616, A^fA ceAnn t)o nA f A^AI^C teif, ' 

AniAoit) ofc [= piApfUiiSinii'o "oioc] cAt) 6 An WAifv t)^it>eAf A 

AS An bpt\AC.dn t)tit) ' ? t!)eAt\c tDiAitmuit) ftiAf Ann f An A$Ait> 

A-p An fA5At\c, Aguf * innf eoCAit) rn6 fin -otnu,' A|\ f eif eAn 

HA1|\ C6tfin6CAf An c-it|ttAC c-iotA^ AJA An 

T1tiAi|t $tAnpAf An ce6 "oe nA cnuic, 
T1uAit\ imtedCAf* An cfAinc T>e nA 
A CAinc A An 

A^ f An f A^Afvc eite, ' n^|\ bpeAi\|\ t>wic 6ifceA6c te 
t)iAj\trmi > o ! ' " 

A5 f P^^tt cite "oo puAin me 6'n 


[A] bpeti-oAf A 
An -peA|\ 
5AC A $eAttCAt\ 50 

fo ceAnn eite c Con"OA6 lTliitii$ 66 

An c6 teigeAf A 
A'f nAC sctiifeAnn e 1 
t1tAi|\ CAitteAnn |*e A 
t)ionn 6 J n 

* "Air 50 n-imci5," otibAific niAC tn UuAi'6|ii5, ACC m teijt -oAm fin. 
j = 50 t)ptJi5fi-6 f e JAC ni-6 

Irish Ranns. 3341 

wished to have a good meal, and he went and hid at the back 
of the house, changed his voice, and spoke this rann in hideous, 
awful tones 

I am God's Martin, hear my word, 

Out of every herd one head is mine, 
I must slay your Cormac 'Og this day 

Since you will not slay the spotted swine.* 

The mother was frightened, for she thought it was St. Martin 
himself who was speaking, and she killed the pig. 

Here is a story which I wrote down from the mouth of 
Michael Mac Rory [Rogers], the " poet from the County Mayo/' 
as follows 

" There were two priests out walking one day, and they saw coming 
towards them a half fool who had no sense, but he was very short-tailed 
[i.e., quick-at-answer], and says one of the priests to the other 'I'll 
ask Diarmuid a question when he comes near us.' ' It's best for you 
to let him pass,' says the other one. When Dairmuid came near them 
one of the priests says to him, ' We're asking you when shall the black 
crow have speech/ Diarmuid looked up in the priest's face, and ' I'll 
tell you that,' says he : 

' When the eagle shall nest in the hollow glen, 

When mountain and fen shall from mists be free, 
When the priests shall no longer for gold be seeking, 
The crow shall be speaking as plain as we.' 

"'Now!' says the other priest, 'wasn't it better for you to listen to 
[i.e., let be] Diarmuid ' ! " 

Here is another rann from which I got from the same 

The lying man has promised 

Whatever thing he could, 
The greedy man believes him, 

And thinks His promise good.f 

Here is another, also from the County Mayo 

The man who only took 
His learning from his book, 
If that from him be took 
He knows not where to look.J 

* I am Martin red-God ( ?) and out of every herd, do I take meat ; as 
you have not killed the speckled pig, I shall kill your son Cormac Oge. 

(This use of the word feAlb (which now means any possession) for 
" herd " is ancient and curious, but Father O'Growney tells me it is still 
used in Donegal in this sense.) 

t Literally: The lying man will promise all that his heart is able [to 
invent], the covetous man will think that he will get all that is promised. 

t Literally: He who reads his book, and does not put it into his 
memory, when he loses his book he becomes a simpleton ( ?). 


fcltimfn AS suxMti 

CA1b. 1; 

t)ile TIA ccntte; 

1f lonroA -p eA F 5<Aif5eArhAit -00 h-oiteAt) 1 n-tltA-6 6 Coin 
CutAinn AnuAf 50 "oci SeAjAn An "OiomAif. 1 bpAt) mf nA ciAn- 
"oo fiusAt) Ann TliAtt nAoi n^i^ttAC, fi curhACCAC "oo bi i 
1f mime "oo rhotui$ n^ Uorh^nAi$ i 

sce^nn -o'-d tuftuf,Ait> tug f6 teif 
t)'^f\ b'^inm 'n^ t)iAit) fux) pA"OftJi5. *Oo b'6 -An 
iit) An CAitgin 5U|\ innif nA "opAoite |\oim J\AC A teACc. U^ 
A Ctu, -j A CeAnnAf 50 n-Ait)it> pof imeAfg 5Aet)eAt, AC -OAIA 
n^Ht nAoi ngiAttAig if t)6A5 nAC Gpuit A Ainm -oeA-pniA-ocA. Af 
A fon foin t)A ni6|\ te ^At) An |\i ut) tA, -j Af A teAff\ACA T>' pAf 
An Aicme bA CumAfAi$e -j DA CAtmA -D'A |\AID i n6i|\mn te n-A tinn 
pem, 'nA b'feit)if A^ t)|\tJim An "ooniAin. CtA|\T)Ai fCAi|\ nA 
gc^ioC eite, peAC imeA-ps AicmiG Abuf -j tAtt -j ni bptuspf pijt 
t) 5 Aon CineAt) AniAin "DO b'Aitne "o^eAC, -oo bA CAtmA 1 n^teO, "oo 
bA $tei|\-inncmeAC 1 5c6rfiAi|\te 'nA nA fAij\-f?if\ "oo fiot|\Ait!) AJ\ 
peAt) nA 5C6A-OCA btiAt)An Af An b-p^eirh wAfAit fin mumtin Tleitt. 
^A mAf\ T>O tiuA nn An $Aot rho^ cunCeAtt cfAinn "OAitAe i 
n'AonA|\ A|A tA|\ niA(iAi|\e, $An bAinc te n-A neA^c ACc AtiiAm nA 

*6e -] -po-CeAnn T)'A j^A^Aib "oo 
fin "oo nA SAfAnAig A-p -peAt) 
pein 1 gcommb nA 5ctJ^Ait)e ut) "oo 
-j if 6 mo ttJAi|Mm nA buAi'opi'oe 
Coit)ce o|\tA f ut) munA mbeAt) 5t>f\ eifMjeATJAf i n-AjAit) A ceite. 

Hi f\Aib j?eAf\ Af An ^cineAt) bA trio CAit 'nA An SeAgAn fo "oo 
tuA'bmm'o. 6i|\eAnnAC 'nA bAttAib *oo b^A* e, corn mAit 'tiA 
toccAib i 'nA tfveitib -peAf ArhtA. Tli fAib f e cOrh jtic 1 5c6rh- 
Corn eA-ciiieAC 1 ceir-c te n-x\ot) Tleitt 



iA|\|\ACc, "oo bA 
btiAt)An T>'A 
6 11iAtt 

tli fAib bun-eotAf COJAI'O Ai^e c6rh ctifoe te n-6oAn 
nio|\ fArvuij Aon T>ume ACA -po e 1 n^Aif^e, 1 n^niorh, 
TD'A tif. UA Aon finAt ArhAin Af A Ainm. *O'poittfi$ 


At) 6 Coin 

A ClAn- 
00 tl 1 

T)o t)'6 ^n 
. O 

PATRICK J. O'SHEA (Conan Maol) 
From a photograph by A/titon's, Belfast, Armagh and Dublin 

i inn 
fvuim An X)OtfiAin. -<,$ fr;Ai|t TIA 

v -oo 

-,.vpAit fin ^T^^ 

oo n-A 







THERE was many a valiant man reared in Ulster, from 
Cuchulainn to Shane the Proud. Far back in the old times 
Mall of the Mne Hostages was born there, a powerful king in 
Tara. The Romans in Britain often experienced the havoc 
wrought by him. In one of his expeditions he took Avith him as 
a prisoner of war a young boy whose name afterwards was 
Patrick. That slave was the saintly child whose coming the 
Druids foretold. His fame and his power are fresh and strong 
still among Gaels. But as to Mall of the Nine Hostages his 
name is almost forgotten. But nevertheless that king was 
very great once, and from his loins sprang the most powerful 
and the most valiant race that existed in all Ireland in their 
own time, or perhaps in the whole world. Search the history 
of other countries, seek among the tribes here and elsewhere, 
and you will not find men of any one race who were hand- 
somer in appearance or more valiant in battle or more intellec- 
tual in counsel than the brave men who, during hundreds of 
years, sprang from that noble root of the O'Neills. 

As the wind howls round about an oak-tree standing by 
itself in the middle of a plain without reducing its strength, 
but only snatching leaves from it and breaking an odd one of 
its branches by a great effort, so it was with the English for 
four hundred years, flinging themselves against those cham- 
pions descended from Mall of the Nine Hostages : and it is my 
opinion that the latter would never have been conquered but 
for the fact that they rose up against each other. 

There was no man of the family more renowned than this 
Shane of whom we speak. He was an Irishman all over, as 
well in his faults as in his manly qualities. He was not so 
clever in counsel nor so subtle in disquisition as Hugh O'Neill, 
who learned state-craft in the house of Elizabeth, Queen of 
England. He was not so skilful in the science of warfare as 
Owen Roe, but neither of these surpassed him in valor, in 



nA SAfAnAig 50 foiteijA ATI fniAt fom >ouinn 50 
bA beAg OftA SeAgAn neat. T)'UA > OA15 fe beAn CAtbAi tl! 
*OomnAitt, *oeifbfiu^ t)O tijeAjtnA nA nChteAn coif AtbAin, i if 
0016 te n-A tAn UJ'OAH 5uj\ eAttnj; fife teif te n-A cent fem. 1f 
nAC jVAib f6 C6rh n-otc teif HA SA^An-Aig -p^m -AJ\ 

AtriAin 50 n-ATntioCAt!) feifeAn A 6fvoC-CteAecA > 
t)A pmineAC 6, ACc peA^ pi^inneAt n-d ceitpeAt) A 

CAit). 2. 

te n-A Unti: 


rio^rnAtiAC 1 sctiAti Af " C^1$ An t)Aint> " te 'OiAfunAi'o nA n 

inf An mt>tiAt)Ain 1169. ^ini5 nA Ho^mAnAi$ 50 

ceA>0 t>tiAt>An foim An Am -rom, 

*00 f5A1peAT>Al\ HA SAfAHAlg 1 n-AOn t)ftJ1$in 

t3i nA SAfAnAi$ -p-d Coif ^An tfioitt -j rio|\m^nA6 J nA |M$ i 'nA 
tiuAnnA O|\tA -peAfOA. Tliof bA t)AtA -pom "o'^iiMnn. C'n fi -pm 
An -OA-pA tlAnfl 50 "oci An c-oCcrhA > 6 llAn^i bi ^$^e ^AfAnA 'nA 
" -oci$eAt\nAib " A|A 6ifmn. tli -pAib fe 1 mif neA6 Aon f\i ACA tli 






AtnA6 50 



y Aon 

50 mbfonn-pA'b -p6 cioT>Ait -j CAtAni 
t)o b'6 nof nA T>CAoipeAC fom 50 "o 
An -ocfveib i -p^ 01ritieA * A "ocfveibe -pm "oo 
rnA|\ CeAnn Af Tnumci-f\ t)fiAin, H6itt 

tleitt, T mAj\ fin T>6ib. Cuifipt) An c-oCcrhA-b 
tei-p An n6-p fom -peAfOA, -j "O'A |\ei|\ fin ctn-peAnn pe 

At\*o-tAoifeACAib 6i|\eAnn nAC bptut UAH!) 
"oo t>eAnAt) te6, i 50 nTJ^An-pAit) fe cigeA^nAi m6]AA t)iob, -j 50 
fe CAtArh nA u-peibe o^tA ACc ^eitteAt) fto. T)o 
nA CAOifi$. T)o -pei^ nof nA ri-6if\eAnn An UAIJI fin 
' teif An T>CAoif eA6 CAtArh nA Cfveibe, A6c teo f em -j teifeAn 
i -oceAnncA C^ite. t3i feifeAn mA-p CeAnn oftA mAf o'Atvotn- 
-pem e AI\ ComjeAtt 50 t)CAbAttf A* fe ce^rvc "ooib. .At\ ,in 
fom bio'OAF fAO|\ i ni teorfifAt) An CAOifeAi; A 50111-0 

Shane the Proud. 3845 

action, nor in love of his country. There is just one stain upon 
his name. The English have shown us that stain clearly and 
gladly, for they detested Shane O'Neill. He carried off Cal- 
vach O'Donnell's wife, sister to the Lord of the Isles on the 
coast of Scotland; and many authors think that she eloped 
with him of her own will. He was very nearly as bad as the 
English themselves in that way, except that he would admit 
his evil conduct, for he was no hypocrite, but a truthful man, 
who would not conceal his fault. 



Inisfail never saw a day's peace after the sails of the Normans 
were lowered in the harbor at Traig-an-Vaniv,* with Foreign 
Dermot, in the year 1169. The Normans came to England 
from France a hundred years before that time, under the 
command of William the Conqueror, and they routed the 
Saxons in one single battle. The Saxons were overcome at 
once, and a Norman was King and task-master over them 
thenceforward. It was not thus with Ireland. From that 
King, Henry II., to Henry VII., the Kings of England were 
" lords " of Ireland. Not one of them had the courage to call 
himself King of Ireland until Henry VIII. thought that he 
ought to be really King over the Irish. 

He therefore issued a proclamation that all the great chiefs 
of Ireland must assemble in one place so that he might present 
them with titles and lands. 

Until then, it was the custom of those chiefs to be heads of 
the clans and to take the family name of their own clan. 
O'Brien was head of the O'Brien family, O'Neill of the O'Neill 
family, and so with all of them. Henry VIII. will put an end 
to this custom for the future, and accordingly he sends a notice 
to the high chiefs of Ireland that he wants nothing but to make 
peace with them, and that he will make great lords of them, and 
that he will bestow upon them the lands of their clan, provided 
they submit themselves to him. The chieftains reflected. 
According to Irish customs at that time the land of the clan 
did not belong to the chief, but to themselves and to him 
jointly. He was their head, because they themselves appointed 
him on condition that he would give them their rights. For 
that reason they were free, and the chief would not dare to 

* Somewhere on the coast of Wexford. The name is not now recognizable. 


n An "OtoniAip. 

Mi T>O DAinu "oioo mAfi bi An oineAT> CIJAC ACA jrein Cum 
CAtmAn fom i bi AtjjefeAn. 

ACc peAC An "otije -peo "oo CeAp An r-oCutiiA'o VlAnfvi -j A 
ceif\ tic Wolsey. t)eA*6 An CAoipeAC peAfOA mA|\ tfiAiipcip 
SAC cj\eib 1 n-ionAt) belt niAp T>o bi re 50 t)ci fo J nA 
oj\tA. nio|A tAitm$ An ^no i n-Aon Co|\ teif An "oc^eit), Ate t)o 
^6i"6ci$ f6 50 "oiAn niAit teif nA CAOifeACAit), *] "oo -pmuAintt) 
ceAnn ACA Af\ A fon -p6m 50 f\Ait> f 6 ) A "ocAinis -poitnif 

te cOrhfAC 1 n-4$Ait> nA SAfAnAC, -\ 511^ rhitit) cofg t)O 
teif An ini|\eAf. 

T)'^ Cionn fom t^igmit) 511^ tfiAtt CAoifi$ rn6fA nA h-6if\eAnn 
Anonn 50 ttin'ouin Cum tlAn^i mf An mbtiA'bAin 1541, ) 'nA meAfs 
Conn TI6itt; 7 50 -pAib An fvi 50 piAt, -pAitceAC, utAf^itreAC te6, 
1 50 n'oeA'txnAi'O f6 lAftAi i ci$eA|\nAi T)iot) T>o ^1^ A 

t)A tubAifceAC An cu^uf 6 mAj\ t)o 
C'n n6f "oo t>i ACA teif nA 
t)<5it) p6m Af An < oc^eit> ^An 
fiAT) peAfOA urhAtu^At) T)o'n 

f6 -pin ptAit T)O 
-oo f\i$ ^AfAnA. 
nuA-0 fo -DO Cum An 

|\i "061^, *] munA 
Cum CAttf\uite 

nTJ An. Tli 

p^m n6 A|\ > o6CAi > 6 
mumceA|\t)A t)o'n 

urhAt X 
An lA|\tA nuAt) 1 

"oo'n lAi\tA nuAt) teif 
lA|\tA eite ' 

*oo Cu-j\ A]\ An 
tAt)Ai|vc -06 
A Gei-6 urhAt 

CAib. 3; 

50 fAib fiofmA|\nAi$ i t)Ufp 66$Ain A^ teACc 
n-Aip "oo'n lAftA nuAt), i co^AfnAC i c-potAt) ceAnn ] tAinV 
ctAi'beAm 50 bA^A^tAC Abuf ] tAtt. " 1f 6 An Conn f o An 
C6AT> T1itt "oo C-pom A gLun Cum |\l lAfACcA," A-p fiAT>pAn, i 
A$An, AOf AnAC Cumn. " U^ A"6bA|\ fig Ann," 
te C6ite ; " pAn 50 bpAfAi-6 f6. p^AC An f UAI 
, fionn f om Aif , -j An T>A fuit tApniA^A $tAf A f om 
U^ -p6 AS t)ot\^* S C1U $- ^^ b|\eif i f cf oi$te A|\ Ai|\T)e Ann 
CeAnA -p^m; p^AC 50 c-pumn AIJA, nAC teAtAn-guAitneAC -pumnce 
C6m X)iveAC te tei, Com tutmA^ te piA"0^ 

Shane the Proud. 384*3 

take their land from them, for they had as much right to that 
land as he had. 

But observe this law that Henry VIII. and his cunning 
minister, Wolsey, devised. The chieftain would in future be 
the master of each clan, instead of being, as he had been 
hitherto, the head man of them. The business did not please 
the clan at all, but it suited the chieftains thoroughly well, and 
each of them thought for his own part that he and all who 
came before him were worried and tired with fighting against 
the English, and that it was time to put a stop the struggle. 

And so it is that we read that the great chiefs of Ireland 
traveled over to London to Henry in the year 1541, and among 
them Conn O'Neill ; and that the King was most generous and 
hospitable and respectful towards them, and that he made earls 
and lords of them according to their rank in life. 

It was an unlucky journey, for it parted every clan in Ire- 
land from the custom they had had for ages that is, making a 
prince for themselves from among the clan, independently of 
the King of England. Henceforward they will have to obey 
this new Earl that the King has made for them, and if they 
will not be obedient to him, the soldiers of England will be 
sent to help the new Earl in order to repress the unruly tribe. 
The new Earl, too, must needs mind himself, or England will 
put up another Earl in his place who will be obedient and 
friendly to the Government. 



It was no wonder that there was whispering in Tir-Eoghain 
when the new Earl came back, whispering and shaking of 
heads and a threatening handling of swords on this side and 
that. " This Conn is the first O'Neill who bent his knee to a 
foreign King," said they, and they cast their eyes on Shane, 
Conn's eldest son. 

" There is the making of a King in him," they said to each 
other; "wait till he grows up. See that long, curly fair hair 
on him, and those two fiery gray eyes he has. He is growing 
fast. He is more than six feefc in height already. Look at him 
closely; see how broad-shouldered, well-knif; and sinewy he is, 
as straight as a spear, as fleet as a stag, as bold as the bull of 
a herd. Shane shall be prince over us, and Henry the Eighth s 
new Earl will have to take himself off." 


SeAjAn An TMomAif. 

66rh t)An te CAj\b cAnA. t)eit> SeA^An mAf\ ptAit ojtAinn 

1*6 lAf\tA nUAt) AH OCCtflAt) tlAnftf JjAeA'OA'O teif." 

CuAtAi'o Conn tleitt An cosAjvnAC "j *oo goitt fi Aij\. 
CuAtAit) fe fifi AS CAinc te Ceite ] fAobA^ 'nA fVA-OA^c. " 1f 
AnnfA teif An mAC cojAftA, TTlActj An peA|\T)O|\6A, 'n^ SeA^An 
A rhAc "otifcmeAC -pem "oo tti^ A OeAn-ojeA^nA "66, An t>eAn if 
i n-6i|\mn teif." T)o b'f rnAtAi|\ SeAgAin injeAn An 
, lA|\tA Citte T)A^A, ^n feA|\ bA CurhACcAige 
An c-oCcrhAt) tlAnfi Ajt Conn A oij|\e 
Afi Conn, ] ftmneA'o t)A|\un 
" CAit-peA-o-f A mo ceA|vc -o' 

ConnAic Conn O Tleitt An tAfAijA i futAio A true. 
gftJAim A]t An *ocf\eio. :< bei 
fe -p-A oeijAeA-o, CA|A eif mo^An 

O'lAt^ tTlACU CADA1|\ A!\ SAfAnA ~] fUAIjA fe 1 

bA rtiAit teif riA 5 A ^ A1D ATl teAtfgeAt Cum rotund^ tleitt T>O 
A|\ ceAfAib A Ceite. Ctn|\eAt) fiof tAitjAeAC A|\ Conn tleitt 
6mAi|\ fAfAirh T>O bAinc T>e i "bCAob illACu "oo > 6i-tAtAi|\t>$A > 6, 
ni ^ACAt) fe fiAfi A|\ A $eAttArhAinc "oo SeAjAn -j 
$tAf i mt)Aite-ACA-ctiAt e. 


ConnAic fe An 


CAib; 4: 

T)o btA"6m Se-d$ AT1 An T)fomAif 
mtiincii\ eifv$e AmAc, te n' AtAi|\ "o'frtiAfstAt)- THoft b'peAf|\ teif 
tiA SAfAnAig sn(5 bi ACA. SeotAt) ftuA$ 6 tuAit> 50 cui^e 
i j;c<3mAijt fmAi6c T)O cup AJ\ An bfeA|A 65 bAOt fo, ACc "oo 
feifeAn AniAjA o|\tA 50 n-obAinn, t)o Ab f6 t|\ 
AS bAinc nA fAtA "b'A ceite AS ceiCeAt) t>Ait>. *Oo 
eite AJ\ An mbtiA'OAin T>O bi cu^Ainn (1552), ACC "oo ciomAin 
|\oimif IAT> 'nof fgACA gAbA^. t)i peAj\ i n-A$Ait) nA 
An co|\ fo. S^AoiteAt) Conn Tleitt te ci fiotcAnA 
oo "OeAnAt) ACc bA beA^ An niAiteAf e. T)o btAif SeA$An An 
*OiomAif f tut. 

*' CAitpeAf\ An -peAf m6|\t)AtA6 bo-pb f o -oo Cofs," A|Af An 

Shane the Proud. 8849 

Conn O'Neill heard the whispering, and it troubled him. He 
heard men talking together, with daggers (lit. an edge) in 
their looks. " He prefers the bastard son, Matthew, the dark 
man, to Shane, his own lawful son, whom his lady gave him 
the noblest woman in Ireland, too! " 

Shane's mother was a daughter of the Geraldine, the Earl 
of Kildare, the most powerful man in Ireland. 

Henry VIII. asked Conn to name his heir. " Matthew," 
said Conn, and Matthew was made Baron Dungannon forth- 
with. " / must get my right," said Shane. Conn O'Neill saw 
the Hash in his son's eyes; he saw the sullenness of the clan. 
" Shane shall be my heir," said he at last, after a great deal 
of persuasion. 

Matthew asked assistance from England, and he got it imme- 
diately, for the foreigners liked the excuse to put the family 
of O'Neill to worrying each other. Word was sent at once to 
Conn O'Neill in order to get satisfaction out of him for 
displacing Matthew, but he would not go back on his promise to 
Shane, and he was thrown into prison in Dublin. 



Shane the Proud started up and called to his people to rise 
out and release his father. Nothing pleased the English better. 
An army was sent northward to Ulster to bring this foolish 
young man to discipline, but he came upon them suddenly from 
the West and rushed right through them, and they were knock- 
ing the heels off each other in flying from him. Another army 
was prepared the next year (1552), but Shane drove it before 
him like a flock of goats. There was a mem opposing the 
English this time. They released Conn O'Neill in order to 
make peace, but it was little good. Shane the Proud had 
tasted blood. 

" Somebody must check this proud, arrogant man," said the 
Lord Deputy from England, and he put in order and pre- 
pared a strong body of men. Their visit to the North was in 
vain, for Shane used to meet them in a place where they did 
not expect him ; he used to startle them and inflict damage on 
them, and he would go off bold and domineering. 

Matthew gathered together a body of the clan, for some of 
them continued under his flag, and he started to help the 
foreigners, but Shane stole upon them in the middle of the 
night, and he routed Matthew speedily. "Let us build a 


An T))om. 

1on^t> 6 &AfAnA, 7 T>O Coifig 7 -oo gteAf f6 

t)i A 5 

1 n-Aif*oeA^ mAj\ *oo 


'fA n-Aic nAC 
fe 5 e AfOA, "I 


comne Ueif, bAineAt) fe geic AfOA, 
fe teif 50 "OAn, mioCuibeAfAC. 

T>e'n t/|\eib, triA^ T>O teAn cuit> ACA 


1 tnt)6Atpeinfoe Cum 

oo tuCc 

neAT>A|\ teo 

An tAm tAit)ifv i 

ATI "oun neAm-C|AioCnui$Ce uT) 7 "oo mitt f6 A 
ceAt)nA ifce^C A|\ "b^e^m eite 
coif T)oitAe i "oo f^Aip fe IAT>. 
A|t nA SAfAnACAit) "\ gun fsein- 
50 t3Aite-AtA-cliAt. 

t)6 A|\ peA-o ceit^e mbtiA^An 'nA -oiAit) fuT) (1554-8), 
ni |\Aib Aon |ronn fUAirhnif Aft SeA$An An "OioniAif. 
pe suf\ te n-A finnfeAjt cui^e UtAt). 
n-UAC-oAi|\, At>ei|t fe teif fein. tDeAt) fe 

-66. *OA mbeAt) f6 Com 5110 te h-Aot) Tleitt t)o 
f6 ceAn^At ] CA|\At)Af teif nA CAoifeACAib bo^bA ut) 
1 n-ionAt> "oo Cup "o'fiACAib O|\CA ^eitteAt) "66. 

T)ubAit\c O HiA$AttAi, lAftA nuAt) t)|\epni, teif nAC jeittfeAT!) 
f6 pein i n-Aon coj\ -06, ACc teim An peAjt ceinnceAC t^i-o, -j t)O 
b'^igeAn "oo rhAc Hi UiA$AttAi$ belt uniAt "06 peAfOA. tliojA 
mA|\ fin t>e 6 T)omnAitt i "oUiji ConAitt. Hi mo 'n^ jeitt ^n 
T)6mnAitt 6 AtbAinn O'AICI^ nA ^teAnncA coif -pAi|\f\5e t 
ACU tug SeA$An A^Ait) O|\tA 50 tijt it)ip S Ae>O1 ^ 1 
tlio|\ ei|\i$ teif 50 mAit mf An iA|\^ACc "oo $nit> fe cum 
ctAnnA cjtuA'bA Ui|\ ConAitt "oo tAbAi|\c p A nA ftiA$Ait, mAf p|\eAb 
CAtbAC T)omnAitt 1 ^An fiof Aip 'nA CAb^n ifc oit)Ce AS t)Aite- 
AjAit)-CAoin i bA beA5 nA|i mitt fe SeAgAn. T)o tuic A tAn t)'^ 
CuiT) peA]A inf An fUA^At) obAnn ut), i "oo CAitt fe Ai|\m 7 CApAitt, 
1 'nA meAfs A eAC ciont)ub fem. 
An CApAtt bA bfeA^-O 
ui|\te. PUAIJA SeAjAn 
cof5 AbfAT> teif An 
*Oo tuic ITlAcu 1 
inf An mbtiAt)Ain 1558, -j "oo jmt) nA SAfAnAi^ iAf\fAcc Af\ An 
5coi|\ t)o CUJA 1 teit SeAjAin pein ACC T)ubAit\c fe nAc fAib Aon 
bAinc Aige te bAf ttlACu 7 50 gcAitfitDif belt fAfCA teif An 
fom. puAifv Conn Tleitt bAf Ay. An mbtiA'OAin t?o bi 
" UA An botAf\ ^ei-o t>o 6eA$An Anoif," 
ni beit) 1A^ tA niA|\ ceAnn o|\Ainn A tuitteAt). 

T)o b'e An c-eAC co^Ait) ut) 
1 n-6ijMnn. rnAC-An-piotAii\ "oo cugtAoi 
f n-Aif Afif i. Tliop cui^ An bAC ut) 

te CUIT) "oe 

Shane the Proud. 3851 

stronghold in Belfast to keep him in order," said the Knight, 
Sir William Brabazon. Shane broke in upon them in the 
unfinished fort, and destroyed most of them. He broke in, 
in the same way, upon another body of Brabazon's party near 
Derry, and scattered them. It was no wonder that fear fell 
upon the English, and that they fled back to Dublin. 

They let him alone for four years after that (1554-8), but 
Shane the Proud had no desire for peace. He remembered that 
Ulster had belonged to his ancestors. Let the strong hand be 
uppermost, said he to himself. It would be necessary for the 
other chiefs to submit to him. If he had been as clever as 
Hugh O'Neill, he would have made bonds and friendship with 
those haughty chiefs instead of forcing them to yield to him. 

O'Reilly, the new Earl of Breffny, said to him that he would 
not submit to him in any case; but the fiery man leaped 
through him (i.e., through his forces), and O'Reilly was obliged 
to be humble towards him for the future. It was not so with 
O'Donnell in Tir-Conaill, nor did the Clan Donal from Scot- 
land yield, who inhabited the glens by the sea in Antrim; but 
Shane turned his face against them all, both Gaels and 
foreigners. He did not succeed very well in the attempt he 
made to bring the sturdy children of Tir-Conaill under his 
rule, for Calvach O'Donnell sprang upon him secretly in his 
tent at night at Balleegan (on Loch Swilly), and he nearly 
destroyed Shane. A great many of his men fell in that sudden 
rout, and he lost arms and horses, and among them his own 
coal-black steed. That charger was the finest horse in Ireland. 
They called him the Son of the Eagle. Shane got him back 
again. That check did not long hinder so powerful and in- 
trepid a man. 

Matthew fell in some brawl with a few of Shane's people in 
the year 1558, and the English tried to attribute the crime to 
Shane himself ; but he said he had nothing to do with Matthew's 
death, and that they would have to be satisfied with that 
answer. Conn O'Neill died the following year (1559). 

" The road is clear for Shane now," said the clan; " we will 
have no earl for a head over us any more." 



Out with you to th^ top of Tullahogue, Shane the Proud! 
The royal flagstone is there, waiting for you to plant your right 
foot upon it, as your ancestors the Kings did before you! And 


CAib. 5. 

6 neat 

teAC A|\ t)A|\|A UutAi$6i5, ^ SeAgAin -An TMomAif ! O 
Ann A$ peiteArh teAC tet)' coif t>eif "oo buAtA"6 

f 6rh.dc ! -A^uf *oo 

An teAC f 

uij\te mAfv tjni'oeA'o T>O finnf eAfi 

feAfAim SeA$An "fleitt AJA 


cAtt)A|\|\ A|i A Ce.Ann. 
C^f At) mite cLdit>- 

Cf cionn ceAnn -j oiJifijeAt) ITJAC AttA nA ^ceAnncA^ te 
piiAiin-$t6|\ mite f50]AnA6 " tleitt Abu ! mAi-|tit) A|\ t>tAit 
A to$A ! " T)o tAitmm An $|\iAn AJ\ CeAnnAigce t)AtAmAit, tuif- 
neAttiAit tli Heitt, *j "oo Ctn^ com rhojvA At\ lAttAiG ArhAfctAA6 AfOA 
pe mAf CtiAtA-OA^ iiAt-pA|\CAi$ An rhAcci^e J fA coat i ^eim nA 
ti-eitiue A|t An gcnoc. 

" *Oo b'onCit\i$e tiom Geit Am' * tleitt tltAt) ' "nA Am' |ii AJ\ 
SpAmn," AjAfA x\ot) ti|\ 66$Am CAtnAtt mAic 'nA "biAit) -put). 
*' 1f m6 te r>-tltCAi$ An Amm '0 H6itt ' 'nA ' CAef A^ ' te 
TlorhAnAij," Apf An fSf 10 ^ 061 ^ Mountjoy. 

CAib. 6; 

CAitteA*6 tTlAi|\e, bAinfiogAin SAfAnA -pA'n Am fo, ~\ bi 6tif 
A h-ionAt). T)o t>' i An beAn mi-bAnAtriAit feo An cfoifte Ctoite 
An beAn bA tri6 mncteAcc te n-A tmn. T)o 

fe 6 

1 nA 

c|tom -pi -pem i A 
Sydney t>o b'Amm t 
50 'Oun'oeAt^Am -\ 
tei5 SeAgAn 

-peA]\-ionAT) 1 n-6ifinn. 
og|AA Cum SeAgA 
JA CuAtAit) fe An FO^JVA ACc 

cum Sydney ceAcc cum A cie -| Geit 'nA ACAIH bAifci"6e 
O'A triAc 65. tliotA t)iutCAi$ An peAtt-ionAt) t)6 -| T>O feAfAirri fe 
teif An mAC. " UAim-fe Am' fleitt i n-tltAt) te coit nA u^eibe 
feo," A|\f A SeAjAn. " Hi teAfouigeAnn uAim corhf AC te SAfAnA 


T>om ACC mA 


Sydney fAfUA teif fin i bi fiotcAm 

biot) ofAib fem. 
CAmAitt 1 n 


Shane the Proud. 3853 

Shane O'Neill stood on Tullahogue, and a straight, white wand 
was handed to him as a symbol of his true balance of justice to 
his clan; an embroidered cloak was put over his powerful 
shoulders, and a helmet on his head. His shoe was thrown 
behind him over his shoulder. A thousand swords were waved 
overhead, and the echoes of the whole district were awakened 
with the sound of voices from a thousand throats " O'Neill 
for ever! May our Prince live to enjoy his election!" The 
sun shone on the handsome, bright features of O'Neill, and the 
great hounds in their leashes bayed as if they heard the howl 
of the wolf in the forest and the cry of the fawn on the hill. 

" I would think it a greater honour to be ' O'Neill of Ulster ' 
than to be King of Spain," said Hugh of Tir-Eoghain a good 
while after. " The name * O'Neill ' is greater in the eyes of 
Ulstermen than ' Caesar ' was to the Romans," said the exter- 
minator Mount joy. 


Mary, Queen of England, died about this time, and Elizabeth 
was Queen in her stead. This unwomanly woman, with the 
heart of stone and the bowels of brass, was the cleverest woman 
of her time. She and her Government began at once to inter- 
fere with Shane. Sydney was the name of her Deputy in Ire- 
land. He proceeded northwards to Dundalk, and sent notice 
to Shane to come to him. Shane did not pretend to have 
heard the notice, but he sent an invitation to Sydney to come 
to his house and be godfather to his infant son. The Deputy 
did not refuse him, and he stood for his son. " I am O'Neill 
of Ulster by the will of this clan," said Shane. " I do not 
want any fighting with England if I am let alone, but if they 
provoke me, let them take the consequences." Sydney was 
satisfied with -that, and there was peace in Ulster for awhile, 
until Sussex came as Deputy to Ireland. " I shall have no 
peace," said he, " till O'Neill is overthrown," and he prepared 
and fitted out an army for the purpose. This Sussex was a 
false, cruel, cunning man, but he was not so clear-headed as 
Sydney. Calvach O'Donnell assisted him,, and also the 
Scottish O'Donnells in Antrim. Shane the Proud complained 
that they were annoying him without cause. His province 
was prospering in wealth and well-doing. Let a messenger 
come from Elizabeth and he would see. Elizabeth took no 


Se$An An 




Sussex 'nA feAf-ionA-o 50 h-ij\mn. " tli be"A-o 
f UAitfmeAp," A-oeif f^, " 50 mbeit) tieilt pA coif ," -j -oo 
1 T)O coijug ftuA te n-A^Ai-O An notA. {TeAf -peAttCAc, bojvb, 
Stic, -oo b'eAt> Sussex p ACC ni f\Aib pe" c<5rh seAf-mncmeAC te 
Sydney. t)o CAb^uig T)6mnAitt teip, -j mAj\ An 
ctAnn T)omnAitt nA nAtbAnn, i nAoncf\uim. T)o 

-t)ioinAif 50 fiAbt-A 
-out Cum cmn 1 niAom -j 1 

6. Tlio|\ Cui|\ 6Uf -ptnm 

-peAfv-ionAT) gtuAifeACc 6 tuAit) 50 n-/d|A > o-!TlACA 

SeAgAn 50 h-obAnn ifceAC 50 Ui|\ ConAilt fut A 
comne teif T t)O fgiob f6 teif -peAn CAtbAC T)6rhnAiU i A beAn 
65, An beAn tit) 'o'pAg An fmAt AJA A Ainrn. T)o CtJijt An cleAp 
cogAit) obAnn fom meAj\btAtt AI\ nA OJA ConAiUi -j -oo toCuif 
Sussex A CeAnn te CAngcAfv. CAP SeAjAn o t>eAf -p^ mA^ T>O 

C1 1Aflf\AlCC "DO tAbA1j\C pA t)Alte-AtA-CllAt. t)l TTlAC- 

-pA i niop b'lonncAoib SeA$An A|\ mum An eiC fin A^ 
Si^eAC T)' UtcACAib. Hio|\ tui^ Sussex CA-O 6 
t)o bi p^ 6eA$An. p^ -bei^eAt) -oo fiti-6 p6 50 
'nA JtAice Ai^e i "oo beA^cuij f6 mmt "06. "Do 
f6 mite -peA|\ ipceAC 50 Ui|\ 66Ain A$ ct\eACA i AJ cop5Ai|\c, i 
o' f?An p6 -p6m coif ^i|\T)-tTlACA A^ -peiteAm te SeA^An. t)Aiti$ 
An mite peA]\ nA ce"AT>CA bA "oubA, nA CAOif\i$ bAnA, i nA CApAitt, 

1 "DO 5tUA1feAT)Al\ AfV n-A1f 50 bUACAC. " ]?eA6 THAC-An-pOtA1|\," 

AUPA t)uine ^i^m, " CA SeAgAn An T)iomAip Cu^Aib ! " Hi |VAib 
te: SeA^An A^ An tAtAi|\ UTD ACc ce"AT> i pCe mA|\cAC i t>A C^AT) 
coipi-Ote, ACc 5Aip5i-6i$ bto-psbeimeACA t)o b'eA* IA-O. t)i cmn 
1 copA 'nA 5CA|\nAnAib AJ\ An mACAif e UTJ pA CeAnn uAi|te An 
An -pinjteAC beA^ c^^At'OA, fcotttA, AS -p^emneAt) 50 


An SA1|\-CAtA UAtfmAC UT) - " t^fh 



|\Aon-mA"6mA "oo 

mnreAnn Sussex p^m te 
cuif\eAt> Aifv. " Hi f\Aib f 
feAfArh Am' AjAni-fe, ACc 
A teAt n-oifreAT) -peA^ tiom, A 
A^\ mACAi|\e j\6it) teAtAn. T)o 
'nA teite"i-o "O'AIC ^An coitt 1 
CUIT> peA|\. ITIo 
-oom' AJWI bed 1 n-uAi^v An ctoij, 

An CUIT> eite AmA6 teif 

Hi Cf om-pAt) Sussex Aft tin Go$Ain T>O c|\eACAt> 50 
Cui|\ An bpipteAC u-o f^AnnfiAt) o^tA 1 tun'oum -j t)'iA^ etif 

cf\oit)e An 


mT)iu tleitt feo ] 
b|\uCcAt!) ifceAC A^ mo A|\m 
ui^pinn cum " 

i mite -66 te 



nA|\ pcfiAc 

Shane the Proud. 3855 

notice of what he said, but she allowed her Deputy to go north 
to Armagh in the year 1561. 

Shane rushed suddenly into Tir-Conaill before they expected 
him, and he carried off old Calvach O'Donnell and his young 
wife that woman who left the stain on his name. This sudden 
feat of arms dismayed the Tir-Conaill men, and Sussex 
scratched his head with vexation. Shane turned southward, 
as if he were about to make an attack on Dublin. The " Son 
of the Eagle" was under him, and Shane was not to be 
trusted on the back of that horse at the head of an active body 
of Ulstermen. Sussex did not know how great was the 
energetic force of Shane. At last he thought he had Shane in 
his grip, and he laid a trap for him. He sent a thousand men 
into Tir-Eoghain to plunder and ravage, and he himself 
remained near Armagh waiting for Shane. The thousand n^en 
collected hundreds of black cows, of white sheep, and horses, 
and they were returning, much elated. " See the ' Son of the 
Eagle ' ! " said one of them ; " Shane the Proud is upon us ! " 
Shane had only a hundred and twenty horsemen and two 
hundred foot in the place, but they were warriors who dealt 
loud-resounding blows. Heads and feet were in heaps upon 
that field at the end of an hour, and the little remnant, 
wounded and torn, were flying to Armagh, the keen-edged axes 
cutting and slaughtering them, and that terrifying war-cry, 
" tArh -oe^ns Abu !" in their ears. Sussex himself tells with 
sorrow of heart the utter rout that was inflicted on him*: 
" No Irishman ever before had the courage to stand against 
me; but see this O'Neill to-day, and he having only half as 
many men as I, bursting in upon my fine army on a smooth, 
wide plain. I would pray to God to get a chance at him in 
such a place, without a wood within three miles of him to 
give shelter to his men. My shame ! He was like not to have 
left a creature of my army alive in one hour, and it wanted 
little but he would have dragged me and the rest out of the 
fortress of Armagh." 

Sussex would not attempt to plunder Tir-Eoghain again for 
awhile. That defeat terrified them in London, and Elizabeth 
asked the Earl of Kildare, a relative of Shane the Proud, to 
make peace. She sent a message of pardon to Shane, and an 
invitation to come to London to speak with her. " I will not 
stir a foot," said Shane, " till the English army takes the road 
out of Ulster." " Be it so," said Elizabeth. 

* In all cases ^vhere qaotations from English writers have been translated into Irish 
by ConAn tTUot, such quotations have been re-translated into English, and there- 
fore differ slightly in form, though not in sense, from the English originals. ED. 

3856 SeA$An An "OiomAif. 

lA|\tA Citte-OAfA, bjvACAin SeA$Ain ATI "OiomAif, fiotCAin T>O 
CUIJA fi teACcAij\eACc mAiteAriinAif Cum SeAjAin -j 
Cui;$e ceACc 50 t,un*ouin te tAbAijAC ti. " Hi 
cof," At>eif\ SeA$An, " 50 ocusAi'b Af\m &&f4fid A mb6cAt\ 
Af tltA-6." " t)iot> mAf\ fin," A-oubAipc etif. 

T1u.Aif\ T)O rhe^t Sussex Ce-Ap f6 -A Cte^f -peitt "oo Cuf 1 t)f eit)tn. 
CA A fgniDinn p6m Cum etife m^|\ friA-OnAife ^ An OpeAU. 1 
mi nA tujnAfA 1561, fSt\iot)Ann f6 Cum nA bAinfiosnA fin 

AC c6A*o m^|\c 'fA mbtiAt)-Ain *oe t-ALAtfi -oo 
mAOfci$e tJi riill, A|\ Com$e-Att 50 mui|\t)e6CAt> 
fin. " Do tfiuine-Af -00 ctonnuf 'o'^AtOCAt) f 6 teif 

," At)ei]\ f6. Hi fiof "ouinn An fAit) HiAtt 
, ACC $ib6 fS^At 6 ni CtoifceAj\ su|\ $nit> f 6,i 

CAibj 7: 

1 ttJrrotiitij 

tlmne lA^tA dtte'OAjvA fiocCAm 1*01^ 
bA m6f\ te ft- (3 H6itt e", I "oo feotA"OAt\ AjvAon Anonn 50 tun'oum 
1 n > oeif\eA > 6 nA btiAt>nA, i SAJVOA ^AttogtAC i n-mfeACc teo. 

T)ubAj\CAf te SeAAn nAC bpittpeA-6 f6 AJ\ Aif 50 t)e6, coifs 
50 |\Aib An CUAJ i An ceAp 'nA C6rhAi|\ Ag Ctif, ACc bi muimgin 
AigefeAn Af A ceAn^A tiomtA ~\ bi "odC Aige nA|\ meAt f6 f\iArii 
t n-Aon CurhAn^AC. 

t)eAn uAttAC "oo b'eAt) 6tif; t)i fi "OAtAmAit, SfUAi^ fUAt) 
uijAte, i futA stAfA Aid, An C-AT)AC bA b^eA$t)A i bA "OAoi^e te 
f^jAit uifte, i An loniAt) *oe Aid te n-i f6m "oo Co^ugAt) 50 
mime 'fA t6. p^Acos t>o b'eAt) i te f^ACAinc uij\te, ACC bi 
Cfoi'be An beACAt)Ai5 AttcA, gAn CJ\UA$, ^An CjuiAgme^t Aid, T 
inncm -j Ai^ne CAfv mnxSib An "oomAin. " xVn tAbAfvtAi^ t)6A|\tA 
Cuici ? " A|\fA -oume Cijin te SeAgAn. " Hi tAbo|\At) 50 oenriin," 
A|\ feifeAn, " mA|\ teonf A* An ceAn^A t)UAi|\c j\ AnnA f om mo 
CopjAAin." t)i "p^Aincif I SpAinif *] tAiTDeAnn 
oceAnncA A teAn^A bmn btAfOA f6m. tDeAn ceAn^ACA "DO 
Gtif teif, i t>ubAncAf i^u\( fAj\ui$ SeA$An '^A bp^Aincif i 
fi comp^'o teif 5 fA ceAn^A f om. 

Shane the Proud. 3857 

When Sussex had failed, he thought he would put his cunning 
in treachery to account. His own letter to Elizabeth exists as 
a witness to the treachery. In the month of August, 1561, he 
writes to that Queen that he had offered land to the value of a 
hundred marks a year to Grey Niall, O'Neill's house-steward, 
on condition that he should kill that prince. " I showed him 
how he should escape after the act," said he. We do not know 
whether Grey Niall was in earnest, but in any case we do not 
hear that he made any attempt to murder Shane. 



The Earl of Kildare made peace between O'Neill and 
England, for O'Neill had a great regard for him, and they both 
traveled over to London at the end of the year, taking a guard 
of gallowglasses with them. 

It was said to Shane that he would never come back, because 
Elizabeth had the axe and the block in readiness for him ; but 
he had confidence in his own keen and ready tongue, and he 
thought that he had never failed in any difficulty. 

Elizabeth was a vain woman. She was handsome ; she had 
red hair and gray eyes, and she wore the most beautiful and the 
most expensive clothes, and she had more than enough of them 
to decorate herself many times in the day. She was like a 
peacock to look at; but she had the heart of a wild beast, 
without pity or compassion, and more intellect and mind than 
any other woman in the world. " Will you speak English to 
her," said somebody to Shane. "Indeed I will not," said he; 
" for that rugged, ugly language would sprain my jaw." 
Shane had French and Spanish and Latin as well as his own 
sweet musical tongue. Elizabeth was a linguist too, and it is 
said that Shane outdid her in French, and that she refused 
to converse with him in that language. 

On Little Christmas Day, in the year 1562, he walked into the 
royal room of Elizabeth. There were valiant men of six feet 
and more around her, especially young Herbert; but it was 
seen at once that they were but insignificant men beside Shane 
the Proud. English history gives an account of his visit and 
of his appearance. " He had a yellowish-red mantle of fine 
material flowing down behind him to the ground, and light red 
hair, crisp and curly, falling over his shoulders to the middle 
of his back ; he had wild gray eyes that looked out at you as 

3858 SeAAn ATI "OioniAif. 

txl not)tA5 beA$ mf An tnbtiAt>Ain 1562 T>O buAit 
50 feOtnjAA piojAC'OA 6tif. t)i pp cAtrnA fe cpoigte I niof rncf 
nA cui'oeACcA, 50 rnoj\ rii6f\ Herbert 05, ACC ConnACAtAf 
tAiCj\eAC nAC j\Aib lonncA ACc fppeAfAin i n-Aice 6eA$Ain-An- 
TMoniAif. Uti^Anti fUAif\ nA SAfAnAC cuncuf AJA A CUAIJAC ) A|\ A 
Cf\uc. " t)i fAttuinj; t)tii > Oe-t)eA|\5 t)O t)e"Anriiuf t>AOp Ap fiteA-6 
50 CAtArh teif, *i 5t^ UA1 5 pionn-|\tiAt) 50 cpipineAC, CAtn- 
A fLinneAnAit) fiof 50 tA|A A t)|\omA, 
6tti tonn-[\A6 te 

ptnrmce tttfiAf\ Ai^e -j ceAnn-Aigte "oAn." t)i TIA c6AT)CA 
A-6Ai|\c *o'pA$Aa A1|\ -p6m -| Ap A 
50 f\At)A'OA|\ fo ceAtin-tomnoCcA, poitc fiontiA 

C mtune^t 50 stun o|\tA, C]AoiceAnn mAccifie 

$tJAltmt) 5AC p|\ ACA, 1 5eAj\f\-tUA$ CAtA 1 tAltfl ^AC AOn ACA. 

tlio|\ t>' lonncAoib peAfg "DO Cup AJ\ A teit6iT>it) fiuT). If "oeAtt- 

|\At)A'OAf\ 1 tnt)|VU1$in ^pTDtTJACA. '' t5ttlAtt11$lt) ! " A|\fA 

"oe gut Jto^AC ~\ ni fAit) AH -pocAt Af A t)6At nuAi|\ t)o 
t)i tiA jAtto^tAi^ Af\ A teAt-tuin. ScAt) f6 1 5C<3tfij;Ai\ "OO'TI 

1O5ACT)A tTIA|A A f\A1& 6Uf, A^Uf 1 ^ATWlJte Af T6f 

-oo C|\om f6 A CeAnn, -oo Cpom f6 A $tun, i -oo f eAf Aim 

te j^mne. T)' fr^AC f6 ^6m 
An "DA" ftiit A|\ A C6ite. lAt>Ai|\ fi i lAit)eAnn teif i t 

1 50 binn-btMAt|\AC. T)o niot fe" A rnO|\'6ACc 

t)Att A f^^irh i A Cjuit 6, mAp t)A rhin i A teAn^A te 
6tlf |\iArh A|\ A teit6it) *o' -peAf i b^i *inn 
*Oo CeAfb^m ft *66 i n-Ain^oedn A 
t6i, 51^) 50 jAAit) HA c6rhAipte6i|\i fin 

A Ctut) fotA *oo t)6|vcAt). T)ub|\A > OAf\ te6 f6m 50 ^Ait> 
ACA Anoif n6 jviArh A1|\, i 51*6 511^ tu^A'OAf nA commit T>6 
n^ bAinfi-6e teif Af A tuftif, ifieAfAtMis niAf bA $nAtAC, An tAf 
oo buAtAt) A1|\. " OtAoi Af ci An Comjit -oo bpifeA-6," A|\ 
Se^An 50 T>An. " tei^peAf A-p n-Aif cu iiAif Ci^in," A|\ Cecil 
teif, " ACc ni fruit Aon Am Alfijte ceAptngte 'f A comgeAlt 
f om ! " " meAttA-6 m^," Aff A SeA$An teif p6in, -j t)o buAit f 6 
ifceAc 50 t^tAif Gtife i "o'lApp f6 coimif\c tupte: " Hi teCrhCAfi 
Aon t>A|\CAinn -00 ttSAnAt) otnc," A-oeip fi teif, " ACC 
fAnArhAinc A^Ainn 50 poit." HI fiof cionnuf "oo meAtt 
13 t)A rfiAit t6i te n-A n-Aif 6, f meAfCA-p 50 |\Aib fA$Af 
Ainrhi-6e Aid "66, 1 if 6 lon^nAt) SAC teite6fA 511^ fS^oit f! 
f A t>ei|\eAt> A|\ geAtt 50 tnb^A-6 f 6 urhAt T)i f 6m AtriAm -j 

1 n-6i]Ainn teif. T)eifvteAt\ 50 
t>i|\te teif "o'A gcuijtci'Oe 1 sctubfeAC 6 50 
1Tliiincit\ TI6itt -ptAit t)e Uoijv6eAtbAC tumeAC C 

Shane the Proud. 3859 

bright as sunbeams; a well-knit, active frame, and haughty 
features." There were hundreds of people trying to get a sight 
of himself and of his gallowglasses. This account says that these 
latter were bare-headed, with fair heads of hair, wearing shirts 
of mail from the neck to the knee, each man having a wolf- 
skin across his shoulders and a sharp battle-axe in his hand. 
One would not trust the consequences of provoking the like of 
those fellows. It is probable that they were in the fight at 
Armagh. " Make your obeisance ! " said Shane in a sonorous 
voice, and the word was not out of his mouth when the gallow- 
glasses were on one knee. He stood close to the throne where 
Elizabeth sat, dressed like a peacock; he bent his head, he 
bent his knee, and then he stood up as straight as a rod. He 
and Elizabeth looked at each other between the eyes. She 
spoke to him in Latin, and he answered her in sweet-sounding 
words. He praised her greatness, and he said that her beauty 
and her form dazzled him, for he had a smooth tongue with 
women. Elizabeth's eye had never rested on a man like him, 
and she liked to hear him flattering her. She showed him, 
in spite of her advisers, that he pleased her, though those same 
advisers were ready to shed his blood. They said to themselves 
that they had a grip of him now or never; and although they 
had agreed to the condition that no one should molest him 
on his journey, they thought, as was their custom, to close 
the lock upon him. " Ye intend to break the conditions," said 
Shane boldly. " You will be allowed to go back some time," said 
Cecil to him; " but there is no particular time decided upon in 
that agreement." "They have deceived me," said Shane to 
himself, and he walked into the presence of Elizabeth and 
demanded her protection. " They will not dare to do you any 
injury," said she to him; "but you will have to remain with 
us for a while." There is no knowing how Shane persuaded 
her. She liked him to be about her, and it is supposed that 
she had a kind of animal affection for him, and every reader 
is surprised that she let him go away from her at last on his 
promising that he would obey herself alone, and that her 
Deputy in Ireland should have nothing to do with him. It is 
said that she was afraid also that if he were put in fetters the 
O'Neills would make Turlough Luineach O'Neill prince in his 
stead, and she preferred Shane to him. Sussex was gnawing 
his tongue with rage because they had not taken Shane's head 
from his body in London, and he sent word to Elizabeth that 
it was spread abroad through Ireland that Shane had deceived 
her, great as was her intelligence, and that she had made him 


SeA&An An TMomAip. 

*oo b'AnnpA te"i 

te buite coipt; 
n 1 tunTiuin, -j 
teAtuA AJ\ -put) 

-j $UJA nit) fi 
50 t)Aite-At 

bi SeAgAii f\6--AtfiAfAfAC i nio|\ 
sit) 5U|\ geAtt Sussex A t)ei^bfiw|\ 

t)l Sussex AS co^Ainc A 
p bAineAt) -An ceAnn -oe CotAinn 
f6 ft^AtA Cum etife 50 fiAib f6 
meAtt SeAAn i T)',d eAbA i A 




ftit) (.1. 1563) *oo 6fom Sussex 
m-p^e -p^ t^t-Arh "DO 


1tif ATI mbtiA'b-Ain 'TIA 
ipce-AC A|\ SeA$An ] 
p6in i 6tip. 
ConAitti$ T 
6 tt>Ai"6 50 

iAtfioi* coi-pe "6e 

611111 Sussex 
rfiAit "06 belt teip. 

T)o $ni-t) Sussex -put) A-p 6tip, -| A]\ An Am 

Cum Sexi$Ain-^-tiAtAC pionA meAp^tngte te mm: 
A tinn-cige cui*o "oe'n pon ] "o'fobAifx 50 

, te Sussex, -j t)o 
1563, ACc tn 

t)'A fttJAg, ] bi Sussex An- 
te n'AnAm. Sgfiob 6tif 
"oo t)6AnAt> te Se-d$An, mA|\ n-AC ^Aib AOTI 

T)'<3t Se^$An 
p ' 



pA'o te 
6tip tnjtte 50 

1 *00 eAtt fi 50 

gtACA-6. t)o 


teip An mbAf AT\ -peA-6 
io|\ b'lon^nAt) 50 
te"Ap -p6 A buitteAn Cum 
buite 1 "ocAob An f eitt-beA|\c u"o 

pi CeA^C t)6 ACC A fUAIfhneAp T)0 

pi AbAite Af Sussex, teig pi tnjAte sti-fi 
mAf\ f ApAm "oo SeAjAn ^, ACc T>O b'e" An Cuif T>O bi Aid A|\ Sussex 
meAt p^. t)o fnAit>m fi piotCxSm i CA^A*OAf mA-p "ft'eAtt te 
Af\ip, i bi p 'nA fvij *oAif\ifib AJA tltAt) Anoif i tei^eAi!) 
o<3. Ace mAf\ fin -p^m bi A ftiAt "oo'n $Att Com j;e"Af\ i bi p6 
t\iAm. T)'^ C6mAt\tA pom Cum pe" CAipteAn A|\ bfUAC toCA n-6CAC. 
^A^tA "oo b'eA* 6 -j CeAp pe" guf beA$ Af nA 
An CAifte-Am pm ) T>o bAipc f6 AI^\ " pt>At n 

CeAp pe" An UAIJ\ feo fiojACc nA ti-6ifieAnn -00 

Shane the Proud. 3861 

King over Ulster. He asked her permission to decoy Shane 
to Dublin in order to get a grip of him; but Shane was too 
suspicious, and he did not go near Dublin, although Sussex 
promised him his sister for a wife if he only went to see her. 



In the year after that (1563) Sussex began to interfere with 
Shane, and to make mischief between him and Elizabeth. 
Shane's old enemies, the Tir-Conaill men and the Scots of 
Antrim, assisted Sussex, and the latter went north to Ulster 
in the April of 1563 ; but if he did go, Shane made a football 
of himself and his army, and Sussex was very thankful that 
he was able to fly with his life. Elizabeth wrote to Sussex 
to make peace with Shane, for it was no use for him to be 
attacking him. 

Sussex did as Elizabeth bade him, and at the same time he 
sent a gift of peace to Shane a cargo of wine mixed with 
poison. Shane and his household drank some of the wine, and 
he was like to have become a corpse. He was fighting with 
death for two days, and when he recovered it was not surprising 
that he was in a red flame of rage, and that he prepared his 
troop for war. Elizabeth pretended that she was furious about 
this act of treachery, and she promised that she would give 
him satisfaction if he would only keep quiet. She recalled 
Sussex. She pretended it was to satisfy Shane, but the cause 
of complaint that she had against Sussex was that he had 
failed. She tied the bonds of (pretended) peace and friendship 
with Shane again, and he was really King over Ulster now, 
and they let him alone. But for all that his hatred of the 
stranger was as keen as ever. As a sign of it he built a 
castle on the shore of Lough Neagh. He was a wittily-spoken 
man, and he thought that the English would not enjoy the 
sight of that castle, and he christened it " The Hate of the 
Strangers." It is said that he thought at that time of taking 
to himself the kingdom of Ireland, and of clearing the English 
out of it. But the Irish did not help him. He wrote to the 
King of France to ask help from him. "If you lend me 
six thousand men," he said, " I will drive the English out of 
this country into the sea." He could have got ten times as 
many as that in Ireland itself if they had been willing to rise 
with him, but they did not stir a foot. 



Ctn^e fem, -j HA SAfAnAig t>o <4;tAnAt> ArnAC Aifoe. 
r.iojA CAbtAtnj; HA ti-6if\eAnnAi$ teif. T)o fSjAiob fe Curn f\i HA 

ITU cu^Ann cu t>otn f e 
ioniAin^eA'o HA SAfAtiAig 
T)o eottAt) 6 A "6ei(i 


e AS 1A1A1AA1*6 consnAirh AIJA. 
" AJA feife-An, 

AJA lAfACc, 

foin i 

mb'Ait teO 

teif, ACc niop 

CAib; 9. 

TYlttnA ^CAttftn^it) 6if\e tinti, triAf fin p^in CAitpeAtn -out A^\ 
i AH CtAtin T)orhrjAitt feo i nAonc|\tjim 6 t>Ai|\' 50 
cAt)|\u$A > 6 teif tiA SAfAfiAig. ArhAfAnnA t)o b'eAt) HA 

x\ttAin A|V 

PAT) T>o 



pifi CAtmA UT). 

J A AtA|\, *J T)O 

e^jAti fAfCA 'DA 

T)6 1 X)O 

Aon lonncAoiti ^156 AfOA 
Aige O|\CA, ) nAC |\Ait> f6 
n-A T)coa fein. T)o 

" SeAt) tnA'f eA-6," A"oei|\ SeA$An teo, 
Hi ftut Aon $no AjAmfA 6!U feAfOA." 
Ti-AtbAnAi$ cots OJACA f6in -| *otJb|\A'OA|t teif 
A f\Ait> ACA 5An fpteA-OACAf x>6 f oiti; " T)o 
fe CeAnA i A|\ Sussex 'HA :'eAtincA/ 8 

T)O teAt SeA$AH-AH- > OiomA1f A 

b-Aiti$ fe A ftuAigce cirnCeAtt AI 
n-x\onc|vtJim A^A nof ctnrme 
ti^teAtincAife 'HA nT)|\eAmAib 
ptntceAC eAcoftA. UA feAti-botA|\ 
AbArm t)iriHe, 1 scotroAe AonctitJim, ] -oo 

Cumn tli tleitt 


$61 tt- 


f\Aib Aon 
At) teif, 
Ctif IAT> 1 

ACc t>o Ctiif\ 


HA n--AtbAnAi$ T>AriA. 

COfA A|\ itlAC-AH-pOtAlf, 

-j t>o b|Mf f6 ifceAC 50 
t)tJAit HA H-AtbAHAi$ teif 1 
-j *oo feAjAfAt) CAC 
*oe'n bAite fin t)n- 
SeA$An-Ati- > OiotnAif 

A eAC ClO-fA'OtJb, 1TlAC-Ari-potA1f, A|A COf -1H-A1f T)e CAfA 

AtbAtiAC Ann, i fA meA'Oon tAe bi CtAnn T)6ninAitt 'HA f|AAtAib 
fince cimCeAtt AIJA. T)o tnAiAbtngeAT) AnnftJT) Aongtif TTlAC 
T)6rhnAitt -j feACc ^ceAT) T>'A Cui-o feAfA, T>O gAbAt) -j "oo 
SeAmtif tTlAC T)orhnAitt, f x>o co^ SeAgAn teif SorhAifte 
AH cAoifeAC eite bi o|AtA. T)o b'f?eA|A|A t>oib T>'A ocogfA'cuif A 

Shane the Proud. 3863 


If Ireland will not help us, still we must go forward. These 
MacDonnells in Antrim were helping the English from time to 
time. These brave men were mercenary soldiers. They came 
from Scotland on the invitation of Conn O'Neill and of his 
father, and they settled in Antrim and in Dalriada (the present 
counties Antrim and Down). Shane was not easy in his mind 
as long as they were in the country. They submitted to him 
and assisted him once, but he had no confidence in them. They 
told him he had no control over them, and that there was no 
necessity for them to help him except by their own free will. 
Queen Elizabeth used covertly to encourage them. " Very well 
so," said Shane to them. " Get ye away home. I have no 
further business of ye." But the Scotsmen assumed a 
threatening attitude, and they said to him that they would 
stay where they were without dependence on him. " We got 
the better of your father before, and of Sussex besides," said 
the bold Scots. 

Shane the Proud threw his leg over his horse Mac-an-Fhiolar, 
gathered his hosts around him, and broke in upon Antrim like 
a wave of the sea. The Scots met him in Glenshesk, in fierce 
bands, and a bloody battle was waged between them. There is 
an old road behind the village of Cushendun, in County 
Antrim, and Shane the Proud galloped his coal-black horse 
Mac-an-Fhiolar over the bodies of Scotsmen in it, and by the 
middle of the day the MacDonnells were stretched in rows 
around him. Angus MacDonnell and seven hundred of his 
men were killed, James MacDonnell was wounded and taken 
prisoner, and Shane also took Somerled the Sallow (or Sorley 
Boy), the other chief over them. It would have been better 
for them if they had taken his advice and gone off out of his 
way, and it would have been better for himself too, for it was 
the remnant of that company who treacherously killed him 
two years later. 

At this time he was only thirty-eight years of age, and 
there was no man in Ireland of greater reputation and power 
than he. The English pretended to be great friends with him. 
They were very glad at first that he had routed the Clan 
Donnell of Scotland, and they rejoiced with him. Shane 
understood them right well. Not without reason was that 
proverb made : " An Englishman's laugh is a dog's grin " 

3864 SeA$An An "OiomAif. 

5j\eA'OA'6 teo Af A fti$e, i T>O b^eAjvp t)6 foin teif 
e, mAf "oo b'lAt) puijteAc nA buit>ne tit) "oo rhAipb te peAtt 
pem "DA btiA"6Ain 'nA "oiAit) -put). 

Hi fAib re An UA1|\ feo ACC occ mbtiA'onA "OCAS AJ\ 
o'Aoir> i ni jvAib Aon feAft 1 n-6if\mn bA mo CAit i ctimAcc 

oft-d 50 ^AbAt)^ 50 mofv teif. t)i 
t)cuif 511^ tfiitt f6 CtAnti t3orhnAitt 6 AtbAin -j -oo 

^j^n 50 THATI itiAit IAT). Hi 5^n p-At t)o 
re.An-poc.At tiT) " "o^AnncAn niAT)f A 5-Aij\e SAfAn-Ai$. 

" CtAnn T)6ninAitt T)o 
& li-Atn T>O CAbnoCA-ouip teip n-A 
fin pein t>eit> O fleitt |\6-tAiT)i|\ A|\ pAT> 

1p c|\tiA5 nA 5 p gmt) pe CAf At)Af te CAoipeACAib 6i|\eAnn An 
feo. 1 n' ionA-o fom c-pom f6 A^\ A cu|i t)'piACAib optA 
"DO sit>6 otc triAit teo 6. " CAitpt) CAoifij ConAcc A 
n DtiAt)AncAniAit "oo tAbAif\c "oorhf A inA|\ t>A gnAtAc teo "oo 
tltAt)," Ajt feifeAn. T)'eici$ nA ConAccAij e i p|\eAb f e 
50 n-obAnn it^CAi|\ tijeA^nA Ctomn UIOC^T), An peA^ bA tf\eife 
i sConAcc, -j rhitt f6 e $An puinn -otiAit). *Oo CfeAC fe Ui|A 
ConAitt inf An tnbtiA'OAin 5ceA"onA (1566), -| 
Af SAf AnA. T)o 5|\iofAit) Gtif lA]AtA peA|\ 
te h-eif\e 'nA AgAit), ACC T>O meiteAt) An mAjui-Oiji f A niA-|\ t)o 
rheitpeAt) b|\o rhuitmn *oo|\n^n coi^ce. 

I. T)o b'e Sydney bi 'nA Af'oitJifcif Af\if A^ 6ifinn An UAI|\ u'o 
Sussex, 7 bi Aitne niAit Aige A^ 6eA$An. Ctn^ fe 
-piA$AtCAif "o'^f b'Ainm Stukeley cm^e te h-AiteArh 
belt peit). " t1^ n-ei|\i$ AUIAC i nAgAit!) nA SAf AHAC ~\ 
nit) "oo CeAfotngeAnn UAIC, ' A|\ Stukeley. " T)eAn- 
d't\ eojAin TH'OC mA'f niAit teAC e." Ctn^ SeAgAn 
ff\Ann Af i tAbAi^ fe 50 neAmAtAC. ' bfeAgAn if eAt) An 
f om," A-p feifeAn. " T)o $ni'6eAbAif\ lAftA "oe ttlAc 
1 sctnge murhAn, -j c^ buACAitti Aimfife i -pii\ CApAtt 
mAit t)'peAf\ teif fin. T)o rheAfAbAif me Ct\ocA"6 
t)o bi Sfeim A^Aib o|Am. Hi ptut Aon rhtnni$in A^Atn Af 
eAttArhnA. Hiof\ iA^f\Af fioCCAin AJ\ An mbAinjiiojAin ACC 
fife o^nifA i i if fibfe -pein t)o b|\if i. T)o ciomAineAf 
nA SAfAnAi$ Af An 1ubAi|A i Af T)unT)f omA -j ni teiKf^At) "odb 
ceAcc AH n-Aif 50 "oeo. Hi teonifAit) T)oriinAitt beit 'nA ftAit 
Afif A|\ tif\ ConAitt niA|\ if tiomf A An AIC fin f eAfOA. HA biot) 
Aon rheA|\btAtt o^c 5tjf\ tiomfA cuige UtAt). t)i mo fmnfeA^ 
fomAm 'nA fi$tib tii|\te. T)o biiA-bAf i tern' ctAit>eAm ] tern' 
ctAi-beAm t)o comsbedCA'o i." 

Shane the Proud. 3865 

[i.e., a preparation for biting]. "It is a good thing," said 
they, " that the Clan Donnell are defeated, for we never knew 
when they might help the Irish; but, for all that, O'Neill 
will be too strong altogether now." 

It is a pity he did not make friends with the chieftains of 
Ireland at this time. Instead of that he began to force them 
to submit to him, whether they liked it or not. " The princes of 
Connacht must give me tneir yearly tribute, as they used to 
give it to the Kings of Ulster," said he. The Connachtmen 
refused, and he rushed suddenly upon the lord of Clan Rickard, 
the strongest man in Connacht, and despoiled him without 
much trouble. He plundered Tir-Conaill in the same year 
(1566), and fear fell upon England. Elizabeth incited 
Maguire, Earl of Fermanagh, to rise against him; but the 
Maguire was crushed as a millstone would crush a handful 
of oats. 

Sydney was Lord Justice (or Deputy) of Ireland again at 
this time in place of Sussex, and he knew Shane well. He 
sent a Government envoy, named Stukely, to him to urge upon 
him that he should keep quiet. " Do not rise out against the 
English, and you shall get whatever you want," said Stukely. 
" They will make you Earl of Tir-Eoghain, if you would like 
that." Shane snorted, and he spoke defiantly. " That earldom 
is a toy," said he. " Ye made an earl of MacCarthy in 
Munster, and I have serving-boys and stable-men that are as 
good men as he. Ye thought to hang me when ye had a grip 
of me. I have no trust in your promises. I did not ask peace 
of the Queen, but she asked i . of me, and it is ye yourselves 
that have broken it. I drove the English out of Newry and 
out of Dundrum, and I will never let them come back. 
O'Donnell will not dare to be prince again in Tir-Conaill, for 
that place is mine henceforward. Let there be no doubt upon 
you that Ulster is mine. My ancestors before me were kings 
over it. I won it with my sword, and with my sword I will 
keep it." 

Though Sydney was a very brave, courageous man, his heart 
was in his mouth when Stukely told him this conversation. 
"If we do not make a great effort Ireland will be gone out 
of our hand. O'Neill owns the whole of Ulster, and he must 
be checked," said Sydney to Elizabeth. " Attack him at once," 
said she. She sent a troop of English over,_ and Sydney 
collected men from every quarter of Ireland, English and Irish, 
for there was many a chief who assisted him. Some of them 
were sufficiently disinclined for the business; but they had to 

3888 SeA$An ATI T)iomAif. 

51*6 50 fvAib Sydney 'nA feAjA -An-rmftie.Arh.Ail, cf\An, tM A 
cfvoit)e 'nA beAt Aige nuAif\ "o'lnnif Stukeley "66 An corhfvAt) fom. 
" tTlunA nt>eAncAfi Afvt> IAJAJ\ACC beit> 6ifve imtijte Af -dp tAim. 
1f te n-0 ttitt tJtA-6 50 tip ] CAitfeAf\ 6 cofs," Af\ Sydney te 
n-6tife. " t)UAit 6 tAicr\eAC," Aji fife. "Oo f eo1 - fi Oj\eAm 
SAfAnAc AnAtt ~] r>o bAiti Sydney pr Af ^AC AI^T) i n-if\inn, 
SAfAnAi$ i 6ir\eAnnAi5, niAfv if iornt>A cAoifCA6 "oo CAbr\ui$ teif. 
t)o t)i cuit) ACA teif56ArhAit 50 teojA turn An n c)tA ACc t)o 
b'^ijeAn -ooib beArvdJ$At) o|AtA eum cAt>A|\tA te 
oo ni'dit) mT)iu. 

T>O buit>eAn t>eA tAoC. tli 

'nA con^nArh "oirj 6 6mneA6 

X\n "pAt)Ait "oo 5Oir\tit>e 

t)Ail,e-AtA-CliAt. T)o t^im SeA^An ifceA6 innce 
T)o r\Aot> } t) J Ar\5Ain f6 i 50 bAllAi'Oe t)Aile-AtA-CUAt. 

A *6Ain5eAn nA SAfAnAt 1 n'Oun'oeAt^Ain ) t>i br\uijeAn 
te Sydney coif An bAite fin. "DiceAf f6-rhAit t>o 
AnnfuT), -| cuir\eAt) Af\ gcut 6 te "ouAt), Ate o'imip f6 
AH ftuA$tAib Sydney r-ut AP Orvuit) f teif. teAn Sydney 
A^ A$Aifj. T)o $ttiAir r^ Ci\6 tip OogAin, ] Af ro 1 " 5 
ConAitt, 1 n-Ain-6eom SeA$Ain, A6c -00 teAn 
oe'n Cftige 6 i bA beAg An fUAimneAf "oo tu^ pe" t)6 A|A peAt) An 
teAfbAin f6 r\iArh r\oirhe fin cteAfA corhr\Aic niof 
'nA An Air\ feo. t)i Sydney i A f^^S tionrhArv 

T)o "briuiT) f 

tAirn te T)oif\e i tu$ CAt t)0ib. )]tuieAn $Af\5 t)o 
oo tuic A tAn -peAfi A|\ $A6 CAOD, -j fArhtui$ SeA$An 50 fvAib An 
ACC fAi|\e 50 bfvAt ! p6AC An -ot\eArn f o A$ 
A Uir\ ConAitti$ C^UA-OA -pA T)ornnAitt T>o bf 1 

6ei|\eA > 6. 

T)o > 6r\ui > o f6 teif Af\ ^cut 50 
ofvAnncAn Art Sydney. t)i f6 Corn neArheA^tAt fom, -\ C6rh 
muini$neAC fom Af pem 50 |\Aib fAictiof A^ nA 
'nA $oirie -| "oo 5ttiAifeAT)A|\ oftA 50 t)Aite-AtA-CtiAt 
pvimn "oo bArvft A "octirvtjif ACA. " Ctnr\peA'o f\iAn mo tAtfi orvtA 
f of," At>eirv SeAjAn. " Tli fvACAft AICI-Q ACA A|\ n-Aif tnunA 
nA cuifvptij fin 1 t)Uir\ ConAitt ; cA f Aite beAc Annf om ACA 
cpAt) i Am' ceAt^ te fAT>A, ACC bAin An CttiAf "oiom, ?;o 

1A"Of An A|V bAtt." 

Shane the Proud. 3867 

make themselves ready for the assistance of England, as they 
do at this day. 

They are coming against you, Shane the Proud, horseman of 
the sharp sword! Get ready Mac-an-Fhiolar, and arrange 
your little band of heroes. Ye have nothing but the strength 
of your own arms, for there is no help nor succor for ye from 
anyone outside. 

The English districts about Dublin were called the Pale. 
Into the Pale Shane leaped like a thunderstorm. He ravaged 
and plundered it to the walls of Dublin. He made an attempt 
upon the English in Dundalk, and he had a fight with Sydney 
near that town. They were too much for Shane that time, and 
with some difficulty they repulsed him; but he made havoc 
among Sydney's troops before he moved off. Sydney continued 
to press on. He went through Tir-Eoghain, and from that to 
Tir-Conaill, in spite of Shane; but the latter followed him 
every inch of the way, and little rest he gave him during the 
journey. Never did he show better skill in tactics than at that 
time. Sydney and his numerous army were harassed and 
wearied by Shane's sudden attacks. He moved close up to 
them near Derry and gave them battle. A tough fight it was, 
for many men fell on both sides, and Shane thought the victory 
was with him; but beware! See this company coming from 
the West upon him the stern Tir-Conaill men under 
O'Donnell, who was always against him and Shane was 
defeated at last. 

He fell back to the passes of Tir-Eoghain, growling at 
Sydney. He was so fearless and so confident in himself, that 
the foreigners were afraid to come near him, and they betook 
themselves to Dublin again, having got very little by their 
journey. " I will put the mark of my hand on them yet," said 
Shane. " Not a creature of them would have gone back if it 
were not for those villains in Tir-Conaill. There is a swarm 
of bees there that are worrying and stinging me this long 
while ; but cut the ear off me but I will smoke them out very 



Shane was preparing himself secretly, and the English were 
not asleep. They were secretly aiding O'Donnell, and spurring 
him on against Shane. Hugh was the name of the O'Donnell 
who was now in Tir-Conaill, for Calvach had lately died. This 


SeAgAn AH TMoniAif. 

CAib. 10. 

t)f SeAgAH 50 fotui$teAc '^A uttAtfiugA'o fem -j nl pAib HA 

SAfAHAIj 'HA 5COT>tA. tHO'OAH A CAbfUJAt) te H-0 "OOttlHAltt 1 

5AH fMOf, -j '^A SfiofAt) i scomnib SeAgAin. Ao* t)o 
oe'n T)6ninAitt t>o Of Anoif AJ\ tip ConAitt, 

CAtbAC te 

615111 t)o 


t)O C]\6AC fe AH CAOb 




T>1. T)O t)Ulb *] 

ctAit>eAtfi Ai-e tleill 

"OorhriAitt Af AH 5cof5Ai|\c feo ! 


f\oitri eif$e sjveme i "ocofAC TIA t)eAtcAine 
AH mbtiAt)Ain 1567. Cf\om riA com triCfiA A|\ uAitt te ceAf bAC 

tlA ftUA$, "J A5 tUCAlt "] A CfOtAt) A TI-eA^bAtt, tTIA|\ t)O 

50 mbiA-6 r e1 ^5 -ACA mAf\ bA $nAtAC. "RiC ATI 
1 AH mAccijAe i t>|?otAc mf tiA coittcib tn<5f-t)cimceAtt 
fiteAt)A|v f oin teif te ct>i5firic AH AiHttiitie 50 

tlf tvAtb otjit i feAts AS tleitt AH cof fo, 
A1|A cum T)orhHAitt "DO t^AOCAt), -j t)o btJAit 
c|\f tfiite peAjt fiA]A 6 

50 fAlb HA CA^A A 

AH-T)ioniAif AH niAiT)eAH fo, 

HA p1ObA1|\eACC AH tO1H "OtJlb 1HT)1U. 


-pein I A 

C1OHH Tlje 6eA$A1H- 

cuAtAit) fe ceCt HA cuAice 

1A"O HA Uf|t oHAitti$ feo, *i nAC rn(5|A AH 

belt 'gA scufv A ftije A niA^vbtA," AJV feifeAH, HUAI|\ t)o COHHAIC 
fe T)orhHAitt ] A buit>eAH beAg fui*6ce A|i ^^*o AH jAi^e A|\ 

AH "OCAOb tUAlt) T)'lHbeAH Stiltlj 1 Ht)UH HA H^Att. 

t)i AH cAOit)e cfAigce Af AH inbeA]\ "j T>O fiti"6 tleut 5i\ 
5AiHirh ti|Arn "oo bi AHH 1 5c6rhHui'6e. tlio^ rhAf fin "oo 

DorhHAitt. t)i Aitne ifiAit Ai^efeAH A|\ AH Aic tit), "j "oo 
fe i 1 5c6rhAitt e fein -| A cuiT> feAf t>o cofAinc AJA tleitt, 

AH CAOI-Oe 50 C1U$ ] 50 H-ObAHH AHHfUt). 

eAC 1 H-AC|\AHH te ceite AH ftiocc -oo CAinig 6 

fhAC tleitt HA01 H^IAttAIS HA CfjA OoHAltt!$ CoHAtt 

1 HA Ui^ eo$AiHi$ 6 6o$AH, e fiti-o "oo bfUf A cfoitje te 

CoHAltt HUA1|\ *OO IDAf btHj^eA'O AH CU^At) fO1H. 

nAc -pAib AOH -JTOHH bfvtJiHe Af\ C'tleitt HUAI "oo 

Shane the Proud. 3869 

new prince must needs do some act of valor at the beginning 
of his reign, as was the custom with every prince at that time. 
Hugh broke into Tir-Eoghain by order of the English, and 
plundered the north-western part of. Shane the Proud turned 
black and red with anger. By the champion-sword of Niall of 
the Nine Hostages, O'Donnell shall pay for this raid ! 

You would see foot and horsemen traveling from every 
quarter towards the great house of Benburb before sunrise, in 
the beginning of May, in the year 1567. The great hounds 
began to bay with excitement at the approach of the troops, 
and to jump about and wag their tails, for they thought they 
were to have a hunt, as usual. The red deer and the wolf 
ran to hide themselves in the woods all around, for they too 
thought, with the animal's instinct, that they were going to 
be pursued. 

O'Neill had no desire for hunting this time, for he was in a 
hurry to subdue O'Donnell, and he and his host of three 
thousand men struck out to the north-west. Superstitious 
people would say that the jackdaws were screaming over the 
house of Shane the Proud this morning, and that he did not 
hear the music of the cuckoo nor the piping of the blackbird 

" Are they not bold, these Tir-Conaill fellows, and is it not a 
great pity for them to be putting themselves in the way of their 
death?" said he, when he saw O'Donnell and his little band 
posted upon Ardingary, on the north side of Lough Swilly, in 

The tide had ebbed out of the estuary, and O'Neill thought 
that the sand in it was always dry. Not so with O'Donnell. 
He knew that place well, and he chose it in order to protect 
himself and his men from O'Neill, for the tide rises strongly 
and suddenly there. 

And see, struggling together, the race that came from the 
two sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages the Tir-Conaill men 
from Conall Gulban, and the Tir-Eoghain men from Eoghen, 
the man who broke his heart with sorrow after Conall when 
that warrior was killed! 

It is said that O'Neill had no wish to fight when he saw the 
small army that O'Donnell had against him, and that he would 
rather that they would have surrendered; but for all that he 
arranged his men carefully, and he ordered them in companies 
and troops across the inlet of the sea. O'Donnell made a furious 
attack on the first party that got across and broke them up. 
If they had not many men, they were all like wild cats. He did 




T)omnAitt 'HA Comnib, 
tnA|\ fin pem T>O 

6 'nA nt)jAeAmAib *) 
tug C TDomnAitt 

"oo bf\ip pe iAt). 
'eAt) IAT) 50 
CAtmA. " 

*oo bi 

T)A nseittpiTHp, 

p6 A 6111*0 peAp 50 cjunnn -j T>O 
nt>iopmAib CA-ppnA An CuAip pAip^e IAT>. 
peAjAj;AC pA'n 5ceA*o Cuix> t)O pj\oiC Anonn 
ITIunA f Ait) mojvAn V 6 ^ -Aige, CAIC p At)Ai5 t)o b' 
Kinne f6 rnAi\ An 5ceAt)nA teif An t)A|\nA cipe 

Af r 1r >)" -Af\f.A rieitl, 1 T)O 

ACc T)O peAb mAfvcAig tli *OorhnAitl 
gAoite, -\ -D'A freAbAf 6 SeAjAn-An-TKomAif 
f 6 'nA CumAf cof 5 -00 Cup teo. 

T>'A t)|\eAmAit) meAf^tA tp& n-A 
6 n-A C6ite. tliop ting SeA$An 

fe An CAoiT>e A$ eipge i 
T)orhnAitt te n-A bui'oeAn tAo6 
tliop meAC ci\oit)e Se^jAin mf An 


ceAnn c6|\ 
105 Aij\ 'n6f 


A tuitteAt) ACA 





A-JA 6ipteAC te n-A 

50 piAt)Ain, 



Annf o -] Annf ut) AJ 5tAOt)AC A|\ A CmnpeA'onA A 

OIfMUJAt). t)O gnit) f6 pem 1A^|\ACC A|\ An fttJAJ "OO 

teif i n-eAgAp C6i]\, ACc ni |\Ait) fti$e Cum CAfAt) ACA, 
bi cult) ACA 50 5lunAit> 1 n-uifge "] An CAOiT)e A 

A t)pupni6|\. 


pn\ 6 tA^ cuAtA -oo 
O O|\CA -j bfife t)AfA. 
jeAt) C|\i ceA"o 

oei|\eAnnAC Se-A5Ain-An-T)ioniAif 6 
tA|\tui$ |\iArii *oo. x\n m^it) A 
mitceAC Suitij *oo teiceA*OAf\ teo, 
coif nA tiAbAnn AJ cuAt\t)AC AtA, 
teAfbAin d'p ConAttAC "D'AJA b'Ainm 
6 \ rhite C pAipc An buAtA-6 A^uf -oo 
Ap Uif\ ConAitt, Attuf A1|\, A teAn^A 
te fmeApoiT) ceme, Aguf cnAp nA 
t)i "OomnAitL i A fAp-fri|A 50 
ACA "o'eif An buAit), ACc ni p Aib 
oibpe nA SAfAnAC, obAip t)O teip 
btiA*6nA "oeA^ |\oirhe 1 m, git) gup 
oA rnittiun punc 
CA-O *oo *6eAnpAit) 
OttArhAin 50 
An $Ai|\e, ACc ni fruit 
ux) po-AiseAncArhAit 

AJ\ ptubAijeAt 
bptujne ArhAin. Hi t\Aib 
mipneAC An teorriAin i 





' CAt 

rh6 t>o 

-oo f^emn A bptAit 
T>of\n niA^CAC teif. T)o 
At 'fAn AbAinn -06 
SeAjAn tleitt A Cut 
A CAfbAilt Corn ce, 
te buAit 

-j A -ocemnce cnArh 
ACA 50 f\AbAT)A]\ AS 

nA ^ A1 ^ f in ^ 
CAitteAT)Ap nA mitce 

C tleitt 

Anoif ? TJeip teAbAf nA 
eA*oc[\om 'nA CeAnn OAJA eif bfvuigne 
A mei-o pm ACc cop CAince. t)i An 
po-lAi-oip 1 scpoi-Oe -j A scopp Cum 
Ap CneAT>Ai5 1 "ocAob bpif A"6 Aon 
btiAtiAn -o'Aoif pop -j bi 
*O'iAr\p cuit) t> A 

Shane the Proud. 3871 

the same to the second brave file. "We must put them out 
of that," said O'Neill, and he thrust himself at the head of a 
detachment of horse; but O'Donnell's horsemen rushed out on 
him from a hollow like a gale of wind, and great as was Shane 
the Proud it was with difficulty that he was able to check him. 
He looked around him. Some of his companies were mixed 
up together, and some of them were separated from each other. 
Shane did not understand the reason of the confusion till he 
saw the tide rising and terror coming upon his men, and 
O'Donnell with his band of heroes pressing upon them severely. 
Shane's heart did not fail in that moment of distress, and he, 
with his horsemen, began slaughtering savagely, and galloping 
to and fro, calling upon his captains to put their men in order. 
He tried to gather the army together himself in proper order, 
but they had not room to turn, and some of them were up to 
the knees in water and the tide flowing up all round them. 
Most of them were inland men. A fresh panic fell on them 
and they broke away. 

Thirteen hundred of them were drowned or killed. It was 
Shane the Proud's last battle, and the greatest disaster that 
ever happened to him. As many as crossed the terrible estuary 
of the Swilly in safety fled away, and their prince rushed up 
the side of the river to look for a ford, with a few horsemen. 
A Tir-Conaill man of the name of Gallagher showed him a 
ford in the river two miles from the battle-field, and Shane 
O'Neill turned his back on Tir-Conaill, sweating, his tongue 
and his palate as hot and dry as a coal of fire, and a lump in 
his throat from trouble of mind. 

O'Donnell and his good men were right merry, and they had 
bonfires after the battle; but they did not know that they 
were doing the work of the English work which it had failed 
those foreigners to do for fifteen years before that, though they 
had lost thousands of men and two millions of money in the 

What will O'Neill of Ulster do now? The Book of the Four 
Masters says that he was light in his head after the fight at 
Ardingary, but that is only a turn of expression. That hero 
was too high-minded and too strong of heart and of limb to fall 
to blubbering and to groaning over the loss of one battle. He 
was not forty years of age yet, and he always had the courage 
of a lion. Some of his military officers begged him to yield 
to the English, but that was not Shane's intention at all. He 
released Somerled the Sallow (Sorley Boy), whom he had had 
in captivity as a prisoner of war for two years, and sent him 

3872 Se^An An 

"oo AfAnA ACC niofi b6 fin mcinn 
SeAAin 1 n-Aon coj\. S^AOI 1 f SorhAij\te t)uit>e "oo bi tri^p 
citne Ai$e te t)A btiA'bAin, "j cuif niAj\ teAccAipe 50 Ctomn 
T)6tfmAitt 1 n AtbAin AS lAffVAit) con^AncA OJXCA. T)o jeAtlATJAfi 
06 i, i jnit) f6 |:6in ) 5Af\t)A m^fCAC ionAT) comne teo t 
mt)tinAt)-Ann *Otnnne, 1 nAonc^tum. *O' urhtt>i$eA > oA^ 50 CAlAtfi 
06 i 5t6Af-AT)A^ p6 fOA 1 scAbAti -pAi^fiti^ t)6. t^inig peA|\ eiie 
AJ\ An tAtAif\ teif, T)'A|\ t)'Aintn Pierce, t>|\AtAT)oi|A 6 6tife T)O 
CuAtAit) CAt) *oo t)i A|t fit>t) t AS SeA$An. ni ^uit Aon f5|\iOinn 
te pA$Ait "oo t)eAt\bui$ Ann 5p tuj; An cApcAen Pierce ut) -oiol 
"oo nA TiAit)AnAi$, ACC cA rh^Af S^A^A A^ $AC U$ > OA|\ A1|\. 
SeAjAin-An-'OiomAif, cA "oo gno 
x>o nAttiAit)e p6m AniAin, 50 
An t)eAf\ tA^, i 
1*0' ceAnnuAf\Ait> tet)' Unn. 
DO gnAt An fui'Oe cum bit!) 50 tnbiAt) A fAit "oen f?eoit t)o 
A|A T>ei|\teA, A$ bocc ib C^iofo, T>O c 
ACc cA oeifeA'O let) 5 freiteACc -| le-o' 

CA nA fix\U>AnAi$ 50 CIOC^AC A^ co5A|\nAi$ te Captain 
Pierce mf An gCAbAn. Tli ctoifpit\ uAilt -oe conAif\c A^tif ni teAn- 
An pA"0 ftiAt) t^e coittcib cn6 nA U|tiucA 50 "oed A^if. Hi 
66Ain "oo $Ai|\CAtA niof m6, tnA|\ cA pice 
"DO cut A 5An fMOf t)uic -j Pietce T)'A nsiviogAt) j;uft 
rhA|\btnjif A n-Ait|\eACA 1 mbfxuijm JteAnnA rAife. p|\eAb 1*0' 
fui"6e 6'n tnbO-pT) fom A SeA^Am-An-'OioniAif i -p^AC "OIA CiA|\ 
01 oc wAf\ cA An cfteA$ 1 nsio^Acc C|\tAi$ -oe-o' > 6|\om teAtAn. 

Asuf tiUsAnn An coi^ftiun Atnuic AJA 5^ut nA TTlAoite, i 
b|MfeAnn nA connA bAnA AJ\ An "OC^AIJ te ^tiAim coif t)unAt>Ann 
X)umne, 7 ceAfbAr.Ann nA "OAOine AnnftiT) CA|\n ctoC 1 to^ mA|\ A 
bptnt SeA$An-An-T)iomAif 'nA CoT)tA le b|\eif Aguf cf\i 


mbtiAt>nA SeAfccAcc cuic cet) 
TDite btiA"bAin if ni bf\e^cc, 
Co bAY cSeAAm mic mic Cumn 

Pierce teif An ceAnn T>O b'^ane 1 n^i^nn i bAmeA* An 
AOfv T>e cofp -oiceAnncA tli Tiatt. PUAI|\ Pierce A rhite 
niAfi t)iot Af An ^ceAnn 6'n mbAin^iojAin, ~\ buAiteAt) An 
cAidreA6 ut) AI\ bio^ Ait An |\mn "oo b'Aifvoe A 



Photographic facsimile from the original 


\\&tc Of 




2!ni "* in th'ir mount ittDmrripo Drbnof onrlpf(lto"icu3v i tt<n*t<rufir(uifrl)isirunto priii* 

at.D fprnr fit poiTr flvcns of Drurr* hrr iinirftir s true nuo Mrt! tnl (tiUtcts teitOm tt)f ^ingfrf^ 

pair lur ,iiior-5-r i(on,in rort.rtatr.rstritosiualimcrpcutc ClKrlof father i me 

nnfi f:is brother f oito:autr tii*t!:ltii anDtuc fubicrts i Cdrujtcs to Jsrr inatllie 

f?.D.Camcll. ^.Oimt, . ***.. 

I. 3amcs. ^lant. CortooRr. 

MFI8 WvHains. ^>f nrp, Eaortuf. J Sf 

rSw, c rt i:?r. ssss* 

^tinifrfp, 'yyamf* 3QyR ^uallcnc r 

Jtnprrnff b itt DBb'm, 

Shane the Proud. 3873 

as an envoy to the Clan Donal in Scotland, to ask aid of them. 
They promised it to him, and he and a guard of horsemen 
appointed a place of meeting with them at Cushendun, in 
Antrim. They bowed to the ground before him, and prepared 
a feast for him in a large tent. Another man came to the 
place also, whose name was Pierce, a spy from Elizabeth, who 
had heard what Shane was doing. There is no written 
evidence to be found which proves that this Captain Pierce 
gave blood-money to the Scots, but every author has a strong 
suspicion of it. 

Shane the Proud, your business is done. 

Your very enemies say that your strong hand was ever as a 
shield to the weak, and that there was not a robber nor an unruly 
man in your territories during your time. They say, too, that 
it was your custom not to sit down to your food until, as you 
would say, Christ's poor, who gathered on your threshold, 
had had their fill of the best meat. But there is an end to 
your generosity and to your valiant deeds now, for the Scots 
are eagerly whispering with Captain Pierce in the tent. You 
will never again hear the baying of the pack, nor follow the 
red deer through the nut-woods of the cantred for evermore. 
The hosts of Tir-Eoghain will hear your battle-cry no more, 
for there are twenty Scots behind you unknown to you, and 
Pierce is nagging at them that you killed their fathers in the 
battle of Glenshesk. Spring to your feet from that table, 
Shane the Proud, and look behind you, for the spear is within 
an inch of your broad back. 

And the curlew cries away out on the Moyle Water, and the 
white waves break soundingly on the strand near Cushendun, 
and the people there show a cairn of stones in a hollow, where 
Shane the Proud sleeps these three hundred years and more. 

" Seven years, sixty, five hundred 
(And) a thousand years, it is no lie, 
To the death of Shane the grandson of Conn 
From, the coming of Christ in the Body. ' ' 

Pierce took away with him the most beautiful head in 
Ireland, and they took the rich clothing from the headless body 
of O'Neill. Pierce received his thousand pounds from the 
Queen in payment for the head, and that beloved and lovely 
head was stuck upon a spike on the highest battlement of 
Dublin Castle. 




SeAmuf UA 

t)i CAitin pAt) 6 1 T>CI$ nA mb|AAitf\e 
teif An meiT> oibj\e biox> fi A cuj\ f oimpi te 
1f cuniA 

ni bioT> Aon ce6f\A 

beAt> SAn "oeAnArii Aguf b'f?eiT)ift 50 mbeAX) 
feAt> j\Aite, nuAij\ T)eA|\pAiX)e tei AH 

66AtiArh, 'f e An 

biot) Aid 1 5c6trinuiX)e : " biof 

6 fin A t)6AnAtfi m6 -pem. 

CAitin AnAT)iceAttAC ACA, 

cAitin Agtif AS niAoit)eArii 

Aon tA ArhAin A 

CeAp nA b|\Ait|\e Af t)cuif 50 

1-p mime A biT)1f Ag motAt) An 
te b|\Aitfvib eite. 

feAn-b|\AtAi|\ CUCA 6 rhAinifdi\ eite, 
ntiAifv A CuAtA f6 An c-AjVO-rhotAX) A-JA CAitin nA mbf\Aitjte, 

-f A," AJ\ f e^f eAn, " An bpuit fi com niAit 
oei|\teA|\ tiom i beit." 

" Co5Ai\,' J A^ f eif eAn te ceAnn -oe nA 

5CAitin ceACc ifceAc 1 feom^A nA teAbA^ 

Ann, AbAif t6i 51^^ ceA|\c "01 nA 



AbAit\ teif An 
ntiAi]\ A belt) fi 
A mje." 

mAi\ fin f oimpi ? 
finn. Ili 



t)eAt) peA|\5 tiif 
CAitin rnA^A i 'f A$Ait 
" T)eAn ^ux) o^ni, 
T)o $tAot>tii$ f6 A|\ An gcAitin A^wf ni |\Aib fi 1 bf AT> AS ceAcc, 
ntiAifv A tAini5 fi, "oubAiju; An feAn-bfVAtAi|A tei 50 bog 
" Ctoifim sujt AnACAitin tu. 1f m6|\ An c-ionsnAt) tiom, 

nA teAbAijA f eo belt ^An m$e AJAC f 6f ." 
[t t)iof T)it\eAc cun 6 fin A *6eAnAm, m6 fem, A AtAif." 
" ni jAbAt) t)uic e, A t)^i5iT>,* J AfVf' An b|\AtAif eite 50 feA|\b; 
'n tA fAin 50 "oci An tA inT)iu cA CAitin nA mt)|\Ait|\e mA^ Ainm 
A|\ emne A bionn " cun e fin x>eAnArh " 1 n-ionAX) e belt 

(f) ATI 5 AT) tTIAllA 

An tons ^n 

mAit 6 fom Anoif bi t)Aome 'nA 5comnuit)e 1 n-oiteAn 
1 n-ioccAf nA n6i^eAnn A^uf ni f\Aib ACA ACC An 5Aet)it5. 
jeAtt Ai-p 50 mbiot) "OAome fAix>b|\e AS ceAcc Afi ctJAi^c A|\ 



By JAMES DOYLE. Translated by MARY DOYLE. 

THERE was a servant long ago at the friary, and there were 
no bounds to the amount of work she used to be about doing. 

It did not matter what was left undone, and perhaps it would 
be without doing for a quarter, when the servant would be 
asked to do it the answer she always had was, " I was going 
to do that myself." The friars at first thought they had a 
very diligent servant, and often they used to be praising the 
girl, and boasting of her to other friars. 

One day an old brother came to them from another 
monastery, and when he heard the great praises of the friars' 
servant, he said, " I'll find out if she is as good as she is said 
to be." 

" Whisper," said he to one of the brothers; "tell the girl 
to come into the library, and when she is inside there, tell her 
she ought to wash the books." 

" And why should I set her such a fool's job? She would 
be angry, and perhaps she would leave us. It is not easy to 
get a servant like her, I assure you." 

" Do as I tell you," said the old friar. 

He called the girl; she was not long coming, and when she 
came the old friar said to her, soft and smooth, "I am told 
you are a great girl. I wonder very much, Brigid, that you 
have those books so long without washing." 

" I was just now going to do that myself, father." 

" Oh you need not, Brigid," said the other brother, sharply. 

From that day to this " the friars' servant girl " is applied 
to any one who is always going to do the thing instead of 
having it done. 


A GOOD while ago now there lived people in a little island in 
a remote part of Ireland and they had no language but Irish. 
Because wealthy people used to visit the island now and again, 
the poor people imagined that all they wanted was to have 



n6 AJ\ 

An beAf\tA. 

ati o^teAn Anoir A-cur A|\i'r ceAp nA T)Aome boccA nA f Aib HACA 
ACC ATI OeAtttA o't6$tuim A^uf 50 mbeiT)if f AiT)bit\ 50 T>e6. teAn- 
Ann Ar\ ^AtAtj ceATmA m6f\An T)Aome A ceApAnn niof me ceitte 

ACA 'nA bi AS trmmcifv An oiteAin. 
" Ace cA f\Aib An t)eAtaA te fA$Ait ? " b'm i An Ceifc 


t3l 'flOf ACA 50 

An t)6A|\tA T)ob' 

-oorfiAn 1 mt)Aite 


An tA bi An 
ice A b! f 6 AS -out. 
rnwincii\ An oiteAin 50 
ni-peAnn Aguf cuifeA 
mbAt) bA rh6 A\ An oiteAn. 

CtiAt Af\ to^ An 
A^ imteACc bAt) "6615 teAC 
t)i An tA 'nA tA f Aoi|\e AJ\ An oiteAn. 
65 A^uf cjvionnA, 50 "oci 

An peA|\ Anonn A^ An T)Ci|A 


50 nAitneit\- 



" Good-morrow," 
pitteAt) A bAite. t)i 

An t)A|\tA ftAn ACA A^u-p T>'itnti$ AI^V 50 t)Aite 

f A belt CAfHAtt 'fA CAtA1f\ bl t)6A|\tA Al^e, t)A 

ceAp -p6 50 |\Aib f 6 i n'Am 
ct>i|\f6AC 50 te6jA 6 beit AS coifi- 
6 50 T)ci peit An CiocAig. 1 n-Aice 


nA pocAit 50 c^umn 
cAittce Ai^e, biot) f 6 
" good-morrow," " good-morrow. 

t)f An Aimfi|\ ptit>c -A5Uf bi 
bi fi 'nA c6m A|\ 

I te neA^tA 50 
niA|\ ^AiT>|\in " Good-morrow," 

5 "oeirfiin, 
bocc A *out 

nuAif\ A bi An 


e pem ArnAC 1 SCUUIA eicmc ASU^ bAin fe AmA6 An 
xXcc, mo c]\eAC if mo CAf ! bi An t3eAftA CAittce 
HtiAi|\ A tAims fe A bAite A^tif nuAi|\ "o'lnnif fe A 
muinci|A An oiteAm, bioT)A-f\ btJAi-beA^tA 50 teo^, A^uf '-p6 
SAC otime ACA teif pem sujv m6|\ An CI\UA$ nAC e f6in A 
50 t)Aite-xtA-CtiAt. 

Ace CAT) A bi te oeAnAtfi Anoif ? t)i An t)eA|\tA CAittce 1 
An CiocAi Asf b'frei'oif 50 mbeA-o fe te f A$Ait f c-f . 

T)o $tuAif feifeAf T>e muincitA An oiteAin Anonn A-JA bA-o s 
oci An "oci^ rh6i|\ Astif -peAf\ An t)eA|\tA te n-A s c 1 f' 
re t)6ib cA|\ CAitt fe An t)eAftA 1 tAf nA eite. 

C|\omA > oA-p s ^^T 1 ^ An -^ 1C A ^obAC Astif A 
nio|\ b'fAt)A t)6ib AS S A ^ A1 ^ "oo'n obAii\ r eo ntJAif x>o buAit SAT) 
m e An f ocAt," " Sm e An p ocAt," A^fAceACCAi|\e An 

SAX) mAf A," " SAT) " 

The Gad Mara, or in Searcli of English. 3877 

English and that they would be rich for ever. The same 
ailment follows a good many who think they have much more 
sense than had the people of the island. 

But where was the English to be had ; that was now the 
question. They knew there was English in Ireland, but they 
had heard the best English in the world was in Dublin. 

After much talk and discussion they fixed on one of them- 
selves to be sent to Dublin in search of English. 

The day the man was leaving you would think it was to 
America he was going. The day was a holiday on the island. 
The whole population of the island, young and old, came down 
to Port Erinn, and the man was put across on the mainland in 
the biggest boat on the island. 

The English delegate bade them farewell, and proceeded on 
his way to Dublin. After being a short time in the city he 
had English, " Good morrow," two words, and he thought it 
was time for him to be returning home. He was tired enough 
from walking, and when he came as far as " the Left-handed 
Man's swamp," close to the sea, he sat down. He had the words 
correctly, and lest he should lose them, he used to be repeating 
them like a prayer -" Good morrow, good morrow." 

The weather was wet and the swamp soft. Indeed it was a 
regular quagmire; and when the poor man was crossing he 
went bogging, and was near being drowned. He pulled himself 
out some way and got to dry land. But, sorrow and 
distraction, he had lost the English. 

When he reached home, and when he told his tale to the 
people of the island, they were troubled enough, and it is 
what each said to himself, that it was a pity that it was not he 
himself that was sent to Dublin. 

But what was to be done now. The English was lost in 
the swamp of the Left-handed Man, and maybe it would be 
found yet. 

Six of the islanders went over in a boat to the mainland, 
and the " English " man with them. He showed them, where 
he lost the English in the middle of the swamp. They all set 
to work to dig and shovel the place, and they were not long 
at the work when they came upon a gad mara, or sea rod. 

"That's the word, that's the word," said the messenger, 
"Gad mara, gad mara." 


Hi ttA6Ai-6 mife 50 bjiAC AJI scut 

fT!A ; f ipn beic utiiAt x>Aoib 'f mop mo tetm, 

ITIunA "ons tiom fiubAt, mtmA onj; tiom fiubAt, 
tnutiA "OC15 liom fiubAt Ajt mo pAific-fe pein. 

An CfAtnonA ceit, i fin m6 fiAf Af bAncA bfteA 
tAoib An b<5tAij\, Asuf niop b'fAT)A SUJA tuic mo Co"otAt> 

t)o t)i 

6 .AjMArfi |\oime feO 1 n-Aon cift Cofrfiuit t6i, t)i fi Com 
fin. t)i b6it|\e CAOIA T)C-fiut)AtcA ^5 "out c^it) An cij\ 
feo, Aguf "oo bi pAi|\ceAnnA gtAf A Aguf -pAt\ 1)05 uAitne, 
h-tnte f ofit bt^t -o'^ b-pACAi-6 ftiil A-piAm, Ag -pAf A|A AC Aon 
CAoib "oe'n botAfv. ACc "oo bi An botAf -pm cAm CO|\|\AC ctoCAC, 
bi fpfvuilteAC AS p6i > oeAt) Aif, t>o toic A^tJf TJO -bAtt finite 
nt)Aoine *oo bi A iubAt Ann. 


An b6tA]A mA|\ T>O bi 
m6 An c-Og^nAc fo AS -peAfArh 50 mime Cum An puT)Ai-p ci-pm "oo 
bi t)'A f6it>eA'6 Af\ An mb6CA|\ "oo Ctnrmlc "D'A fuiUb. xV^uf T>O 
bi An botA|\ Com ri-Aim^it) A^uf Com ctoCAC -pm su|t tuic f6 
Anoif A^uf Afif mA|\ bi f6 AS pub At. As^f An UAIJ\ "oeiiAeAnnAC 
oo tuic f6 nio|\ f?6AT) f6 ime no 50 "ocAinis mife Com fAt)A 
teif, Asuf tusAf mo tAtfi "06 s^t 1 ^5 ^^ ^ 
TubAi|tc m6 teif 50 ^\Aib fuit ASAHI nAC 

feifeAn t>e bi\iAt|\Aib bin tie btAfCA nAC fAib fe 
cuigte s tn6fv, ACc 50 |\Aib fAicdof AI^ nAC octucfAt) f6 s 
oei^eAt) A AifdjA An tA fin, niA|\ T>O bi An botAf\ Com s A f tt A E^T 
Com CfiuAi'o fin. A$uf > o'friAp|\ui$ mife "66 An fA'OA "oo bi te "out 
Aise. T)ubAinc feifeAn nAfv bfAT)A, ACu s^f ffiiAti ^ ei f 'wt 50 
bAite-mo|\ T>o bi cuis mite AmAC uAinn, fut t^ims An oit)Ce AIJ\, 
CIJA but) miAn teif ^wo te n'lte, As^f teAbui"0, fA$Ait, A$uf s An 
An oit)Ce T>O CAiteArti Amui$ A|\ An mbotA|\ fiA'OAin fin. 

CuAtAi-6 m6 fin T)O bi lonsAncAf ofm, 6i|\ bi -6A 
Ainn f 6f, t\oim tuit>e nA sf^^e, AS'tif t>'f oj\f T>O 
oume A|\ bit "oo bi Com tutmAt\ tAit)if teif An os^nAC fin 
mite "oo fiubAt m f An Am fin, "oA bf ASP At) f 6 An of\oCb6tA|v 
oA fiubAtfAt) f6 A|\ An mACAi^e b eAg |\eit) "oo bi te n-A tAotb ; 
A$uf "oubAi^c m6 fin leif. 

" HA biot) lonsAncAf o|\c f um-fA," A "oei|\ f e, " oi|\ ni -peit)i^ 
te *ouine AJA bit m fAn cif\ feo An botAp fAsbAit. Com ctoCAC 
COJ\JAAC A^uf ACA An botAjA, CAitfit) T)uine fAnArhAinc A1|\. 





(Translated by NORMA BORTHWICK.) 

THE evening became hot, and I stretched back on a fine grassy 
bank at the side of the road, and it was not long till I fell 
asleep. And in my sleep I saw a vision. 

I was walking, as I thought in my dream, in an unknown 
country, such that I was never before in any country like it, 
it was so fine. There were narrow roads, very bad for walking, 
running through this beautiful country, and there were green 
fields and soft green grass, and every sort of flower that the 
eye ever saw, growing on each side of the road. But the road 
itself was crooked and uneven and stony, and there was a 
dusty wind blowing on it that hurt and blinded the eyes of 
the people that were walking in it. 

And it was not long till I saw a young, active, strong man 
out before me, going the same road as I was myself. And I 
saw this young fellow standing often to rub out of his eyes the 
dry dust that was being blown on the road. And the road was 
so uneven and so stony that he fell now and again as he was 
walking. And the last time that he fell he could not rise 
until I came up to him, and I gave him my hand till I raised 
him up on his feet again, and I said to him that I hoped he 
was not hurt. He answered in sweet, pleasant-sounding words 
that he was not much hurt, but that he was afraid he would 
not come to the end of his journey that day, as the road was 
so rough and so hard. And I asked him if he had far to go. 
He said he had not far, but that he wished to go to a big 
town, that was five miles out from us, before night came on 
him, for he wanted to get something to eat and a bed, and 
not to spend the night outside on that wild road. 

And when I heard that there was wonder on me, for we had 
two hours of the day yet before sunset, and it would be easy 
for anybody who was so active and strong as that young man 
to walk five miles in that time if he left the bad road, and 
if he walked on the fine, smooth plain that was beside it; and 
I said that to him. 

" Do not be surprised at me," says he, " for it is impossible 
for any person in this country to leave the road. As stony 
and knotty and rugged as the road is, a person must stay on 
it. If he leaves the road to walk on the fine, smooth plain, 


1TIA fAgAnn f6 -An bocA-p te fiubAt Apt -An niACAifle 

iocpAit) f6 Af 50 5&Af. O tucc 

Ap\ n-tnte botAfi m fAn cip\ peo 

nA f A jg'oiufvAi'o feo *oo fimne J;AC Aon 

if otc "oo junneA'OAfv iAt), ACC mxi 

te fiubAt A|\ -An mACAi|\ 


A|\ f A tnif e teif An f c^Ainf Af , " m p^i'oifv 50 bpuit An 
fin t>e fAi5"oiiii\Aib "oubA A|\ ^A6 Aon botA|\ m -pAn ci|\ te 
fiubAtcA nA rnbotAf T>O -ptnACcugAt) A^uf "oo 
fin. tlAt rnbionn tucc-fiubAtuA nA mbotA|\ niof iomAT)ArhtA ' 

An 5^1\T)A "OWb fO, AJtlf nAC bp^ATJ-pAt) f1A"O An t-Afh tJACCA1|\ 


tnor\A T>ubA. 1f IAT> 
Ann fAn cip\ fe<5 A^uf 
t>uine cuiff CAC Art t)6t.Ajt 
An ns^f'OA T)tt) f o, 
50 5Ct>ij\p > o A^ An 

O|\|\A, Agtif bfifeAt) AfceAC, m A n-Airht)eom, AJ\ An mACAi-pe ir>in 
AttJinn fin, Aguf ^An pAnArhAinc A^ An mbotAjA g|\^nnA put)AfAC 
pott-tionrhAfi f o ? " 

" T)'ip6A > o|?Ai > oif fin *66AnArh 50 cmnce, 
" 6if bionn pCe -peAf t^iT)if A^A An mbotA|\ 1 n-A$Ai*6 An Aon 

.n, ACc AC^ p6]AC T)|\Aoi > 6eACcA pgApfcA A^ An n^AfOA t)t>b, Ann 
pp6i|v op cionn nA tnb6tA|\, A^up i-p "061$ teip An tucc-piubAit 
bptut Aon neA|\c ACA nA bCit|\e o'fA^b.&it, ^^up CA^ 6ip 
)oCAi]A A^uf "o^t^ip t)'-d "DCA^Ann O]\^\A Ann 
mAttuijte pe6, ni' An c|\oit)e nA An co-pAipce ACA IAT) 
A^tip ip T>61$ 5ti\ Ab 6 pm mAjA ^eAtt A^ An O|\Aoi > 6eAcc 
oo f^Ap nA "OAome "oubA. ACc 1-p 6 An fut) ip lon^AnuAi^e ACA 
tiite, nAc bptut m fAn ^cu t) ip mC *oe nA pAi5"oiu|\Aib pe<5 ACC 
coptfiui eACcA f Ai5t)it;if Ait) ; ip psAiti'oe ^An bf\i$ ^An pubpcAinc 
1AT>, ACC ip T>6 5 te tucc-pitibAtCA nA mbotA]\ 57\ ptut ^5tp 
1A"O, Agtip 50 toicpit) piAT) An "oume pAjjpAp An botAp te n-A 

Ann pm, 


piop A|\ An 

An cuippe optvAirm 50 m6^. 
" Hi b^mn corn "oonA po "DA" 

A]\ A^ n-A$Ai-6 te 
corn -pAj\tti$te pin 

*oo oitt An 
Ann fin teip An 

ubAtt, ceAtrvArhA rhite AmAC rvorhAinn, ACC 
CAoib Apcig "oe'n ttAitbe, m fAn rnACAirie, 
out corn pAtDA teip." 

T>O goitt An CAp\c op\m corn m6^ pin 50 
itit) m6 6t /f, *oA mApibocAi'oe A|\ An rn6imit> 
50 "oci An cobAjt fo." tJAim^ fAicciof AH An 6$A>iAC, 

fe, " 1f i mo corhAirxte "Ouic ^An "out Ann, ACC rnA 
m bAcAit) m6 tu. 


A pe" Ap\ An 
ni otip'oeAnnAc 6 

An Allegory, 3881 

he will pay for it severely. There are guards on this road and 
on every road in this country great black soldiers. It was 
these soldiers who made every single road in this country, and 
'tis bady they made them; but if a weary person leaves the 
road to walk on the plain, they follow him with this black 
guard, and they catch him and drive him before them till they 
put him on the road again in spite of him." 

" But," said I to the stranger, " there cannot be so many 
black soldiers on every road in the country as to repress and 
overcome the people who walk the roads like that. Are not 
the people who walk the roads more numerous than this black 
guard, and could not they get the upper hand of them, and 
break in, in spite of them, upon that smooth, beautiful plain, 
and not stay on this ugly, dusty road, full of holes? " 

" They could do that certainly," said the stranger, " for there 
are twenty strong men on the road against the one guardsman, 
but the black guard have scattered a sort of enchantment in the 
air over the roads, and the travelers think they are not 
able to leave the roads, and after all the want and trouble and 
misery that comes on them in these awful, accursed roads, 
they have not the heart nor the courage to leave them, and 
probably that is on account of the enchantment that the black 
fellows have scattered. But the most extraordinary of all 
these things is that most of these soldiers are only imitation 
soldiers; they are shadows without force or substance, but 
the people who walk the roads think that they are flesh and 
blood, and that they would wound anybody who would leave 
the road with their weapons." 

We walked forward together then, and it was not long till 
we were so tired that we had to sit down on the road, and thirst 
and fatigue oppressed us greatly. I said then to the young 
man, " I would not be so bad if I had a drink of water." 

" There is a fine well of spring- water," said he, " at the foot 
of a beautiful apple-tree, a quarter of a mile out before us, but 
it is on the inner side of the ditch, in the plain, and it is not 
lawful to go as far as it." 

But the thirst troubled me so much that I said, " I must 
drink out of it, if I were to be kil]ed on the instant. Lead me 
to this well." Fear came upon the young man, and he said, 
" 'Tis my advice to you not to go there, but if you must, I will 
not hinder you. I will leave your company when I come as 
far as the well. Kill yourself, if you wish; but you shall 
not kill me." 

We rose then, and we walked together till we saw a great. 


tiucfAf m6 Com fAT>A teif An cobAp. ITlAttb tu pem, mA'f 
; ACc ni mAj\b6CAi'6 cu mif e." 

eif\i5eAmAt\ Ann -pm, Aguf fiublAmAf\ te Ceite, 50 

mop Alumn A$ eipige Af An mACAipe, cimCiott pCe 
AfueAC o'n mbotAp. CuAit) me fUAf AJ\ bApp An CtAi"6e "oo bi 
tAoib An botAif\, Aguf ConnAic me cobAf\ 
o'A fgeiteAt) AmAC pA bun An Cj\Ainn A\CO -dttunn, Aguf ConnAic 

m6 btAtA bAnA AJtJf UblA beA^A A^Uf UblA teAt-AptJlt) AJWf UbtA 

mC-jAA oeAf^A tAn-Apui*6, A$ -pAf te Ceite A^ An j;cf\Ann fin. x\Cc 
t)O bi An oijieAt) fin "oe ftnACc Ajuf "oe fgAnn^At) A|\ t)Aoinib nA 
fin nA|\ bAineAt) oi^eAt) A^tif Aon ubAtt ACA, A?;t>f bA tei|\ 
, A-p An bpeAf pAT)A -pAfAttiAit "00 bi tA|\c tiniCiott An cobAij\ 
CAorh-Atumn fin, nA6 "ocAimt; Aon "otune 1 n-Aice teif te n-ot. 
A6c ntAi|\ ConnAic mife An meAt) fin "oo $eic mo C-poTbe 1 tA|\ 
mo Cteib, AgtJf "oubAi^c me '5 Of-Ajvo, " t)Ainfit) me cuit) *oe nA 
n-ubtAib fin Aguf otfAit) me mo t)6CAin "oe'n cobA|\ fin, mA 5 fe 
An bAf ACA 1 n*oAn "OAm." 

A^tif teif fin t)'ei]M me "oe teim AI|\T) eAt)C|\om AejVAC "oe 
An CtAit)e-(Ceo|\Ann Aguf AfceAC AJ\ An mACAi|\e min Atumn. 
nAi|t ConnAic An c-o^AnAC An nit) fin, T>O tei^ fe ofnA Af, 6ijt 
bA "6615 teif 5iif\ b'e mo bAf TJO bi me 

Agtif nt>Ai|\ tAini<5 mife teAt-beAtAi$ it)i-p An 
An cobA^, "o'ei|\i fAigiDiu^ "oub, mA|\ beit AI\|\ACC Ai-obeAt ufv- 
t\AnnA, ftiAf, Af An bj?eAj\ fAT>A, Aguf T>O tog fe ctAi-oeAm mop 
te mo ceAnn T>O fgotCAt), mA|\ fAoit me. X^suf "oo CuAtAit) me 
A|\ mo Cut An fs^^* "O ^uijt An c-o^AnAC A|\ An mbotAp Af, te 
ceAnn-fAicciof: Hiop tugA 'nA fin An fAicdof t)o bi opm fem, 
6i|\ m |\Aib A|\m Af bit AgAm te mo CofAinc. x\Cc "oo Cf\om me 
A|\ ctoiC tfiAit moi|\ *oo bi fA mo Coif, Com mo|\ te mo "bo^n fem, 
A^uf tug me COA ti^CAif "oe'n Ctoi6 fin teif An fAi5"oiufv Ait>- 
beAt. t)o buAit An CtoC e, mA|\ fAoit me, 1 sceApc-tAjv A eA-OAin, 
fi Am AC cjAiT* A CeAnn, ArhAit A^tif nAC -pAib Ann ACc 
An moimiT> niof\ teijv t)Am C|\ut nA cumA An 
ACc T>O bi put) ^An cput Ann ArhAit ftAm "oe'n Ceo, 
T>O teA$ An ceo fin, Agtjf T>O f^Ap fe Ann fAn fpeip, A^tif 
m f\Aib OA'OAit) eAT)|\Aim-fe Agtif An cobAf\. Uuig me Ann fin 
nAC fAi5T>iuf\ nA f eA|\ co^Ait) T>O bi Ann, ACc put) b^eA^AC i f^Aite 
t>o pmneAt) te t)|\Aoi > 6eACC, Cum nA nt)Aome T>O fgAnnptigAt) 6 J n 
cobA-p. CtJAit) me 50 "oci An c-tiifge Aguf niop bAC |\wo A|\ bit 
eite m6. CfomAf A-p An uif^e Agtif "o'otAf mo fAit t>e, 
tiom-fA 50 fVAib f6 Com mAit te pion. tDAin me ubAtt tr6f\ 
oe'n CfAnn Ann fin Aguf T)'iteAf e, A^uf T)O bi fe Com mitif 

tluAip ConnAic me fin, gtAot) me A|\ An 
me teif " ceACc Afc AC Cu$Am, 6i|\ nAC -pAib 

An Allegory. 3883 

beautiful tree rising out of the plain, about twenty perches in 
from the road. I went up on the top of the ditch that was 
at the side of the road, and I saw a pure, bright-looking well 
of spring-water gushing out under the foot of the beautiful 
high tree, and I saw white blossoms and little apples and half- 
ripe apples and large, red, fully-ripe apples growing together 
on that tree. But there was so much repression and terror 
on the people of that country that nobody gathered as much as 
one apple of them, and it was clear to me, by the long-growing 
grass that was round about that lovely well, that no person 
came near it to drink. But when I saw that much, my heart 
leaped within my breast, and I said aloud, " I will gather some 
of those apples, and I will drink my fill of that well if it is 
death that is in store for me." 

And with that I rose in a high, light, active jump from the 
top of the boundary ditch and in upon the smooth, beautiful 
plain. And when the young fellow saw that, he gave a sigh, 
for he thought it was my death I was seeking. 

And when I came half-way between the ditch and the well, a 
black soldier arose, like a great, hideous monster, up out of the 
long grass, and he took up a great sword to split my head, as 
I thought. And I heard behind me the scream that the young 
man on the road put out of him, with intense fear. No less than 
that was the fear that was on myself, for I had no weapon at 
all to defend myself. But I stooped for a good big stone that 
was under my foot, as big as my own fist, and I gave a choice 
throw of that stone at the terrible soldier. The stone hit him, 
as I thought, in the very middle of his forehead, and it went 
out through his head, as if he were nothing but a shadow. 
And on the instant the appearance and shape of the soldier 
were dim to me, but there was a shapeless thing there like a 
wreath of mist, and that mist melted, and it dispersed into 
the air, and there was nothing between myself and the well. 
Then I knew that he was not a soldier nor a warrior, but an 
unreal thing and a shadow, made by magic to frighten the 
people from the well. I went to the water, and no other 
thing hindered me. I bent down to the water and I drank my 
fill of it, and in my opinion it was as good as wine. I pulled 
a big red apple from the tree then and ate it, and it was as 
sweet in my mouth as honey. When I saw that, I called to 
the young man, and said to him " to come in to me, for there 
was nothing to prevent him." As soon as he perceived that, 
he came in over the ditch himself, and he in great fear, and 
he made for the well. He drank his fill out of it, and he ate 


te n-A bACA*6." Corh tuAt Aguf tt>5 fe fin fA T>eAjAA, 

j?ein AfceAC CAJ\ AH 5CtAi"6e, Aguf 6 fA eA^tA mojA, A^uf jAinn f6 

AfA ATI CObAJA. T)'6t f A fA1C Af, AUf T>'lt f6 A fA1C "06 I1A 

ti-ubtAib, A^uf fineAmAjA fiAj\ te ceite AJA An bfeAjA bjAeAg boj, 
Aj;uf cofuijeAtriAjA A CAinu. Aj;uf "o'fiAftAuij; me "be Ainm nA 
cijxe fin, " oijA " AJA f A mife teif , " if i An ci|A if longAncAi^e "O'A 
An oorhAn i." 

f6 Ann fin A$ mnpnc f^eutA nA ci^^ t" ln "o^^i* ^B^f 
fe, " UA An ci|\ feo 'nA n-oiteAn, A^uf "oo 6fvutAi$ T)1A 
Ann fAn Aij;ein nioi|\ A|A An CAoit) fiAj\ "oe'n "ootriAn, An 
AIC A jAbAnn An $fiAn Cum A teAptAn Ann fAn oit)Ce. A^wf if 
i An CI^A if Aitte A^uf if stAife A^uf if ui^e i T>'A ttptnt, pA J n 
n^fem. A^tif "oei^ cufA 5i\ cijt lon^AncAC i, ACc ni 
ct teAt A h-ionjjAncAir 50 poitt. xX^uf CA C|\i AinmneAtA 
t)AnbA A^tif po'OtA A^tif 6i|\e." 

TluAifv CuAtAii!> m6 -pin, "oo tug me t6im, A^up t>UAit m6 mo 
CeAnn te jeA^An "oe'n CjvAnn, mA|\ fAoit me, Ajup i!)uifi$ me. 

bpofSAitc mo fuite t)Am, fiu-o me mo tui'oe AI\ An 

tAOlb An b6tA1|A, 1*01^ t)Alt-At-CtlAt AJU 

mo CA|\A T)iA|\mvii > o t)An '5 Am' f AtA"6 1 m' 

f A 

te mAi"oe. * 'S mitit) "otnc beit "out A-bAite, 
" GJAA A > OiA|\mtii > o," A|\ f A mif e, " nA bAin tiom. Hi 
mAC mAtAt\ AfiAm A teiteit) T)' Aiftm^ A^uf ConnAic 

teif fin "o'lnnif m6 mo bmonstoi-o -06, 6 tuf 50 
ITlAifeA-6 ! mo g^" tu,*' AJ\ fA T)iA|\mui > o, nuAi|\ bi me 
b' pio|\ -oo biMonstdi-o. PAI* A^uf pite tu," At)eif 
Cionnuf fin ? " A|\ f A mif e, " mim t)Am e." 
1f A^ tAtAm nA ti-6if\eAnn t)o bi en $An Aon Amf\Af," 

" ACC t)o bi cu AJ fiubAt, mA|\ CA nA 
uite AS fiubAt, AJA nA b6iti\ib -oo pitine nA SACfAnAi$ te n-A 
otigce A^tif te n-A ^ctut) p Aifiun f em, A^tif fin boitfe nAC 
te 5- Ae>oeAl - fiubAt OJ\I\A ^An cuiftiugAt) A^uf 5An cuicim, 
ooCA^ A^uf jAn t)6tAf. ACc mA t^ei^eAnn fiAT) botA^ 

CSACfA^ACAIf A^Uf An t) eA]At ACA1 f , AUf 1AT) "DO "OUt AfC6A6 Af\ 

A mACAi|\e bjAeA$ feu|AmAi|A fein m beit' fiA*o A^ fiubAt 50 cjAUAit) 
A|\ feAt) An tAe lomtAin, mA^ An c-6ifeAnnAC bocc fin "oo connAic 
cuf A, te teAbui-6 Aguf te f uipeA]\ *o'f A$Ait fAn oit>6e ; ACC "oo 
fACAit)if f A -06 niof f Ait)e, 1 teAt An AniA. Aguf An cobA|\ pioi\- 
uifSe fin -oo connAic cu, An cobAjA nA6 tei^peAt) nA sA^-OAi-b 
oubA fin "oo nA "OAoimb t)'ot Af, nAC "ocuigeAnn cu ^UJA cobAn 
nA stAn-jAe-oeitse e fin, A^uf CIA b6 6i|AeAnnAC otfAf T>eoC Af, 
bionn fe mA^A pion m A beAt, "O'A neA^cugAt) Aguf T>'A fionn- 
fuAjAAt). Aguf An f Ai5X)iujA t)ub fin "o'eiiAig 1*01^ cuf A A^uf c|AAnn 
HA n-ubAtt, b' 6 fin An pAifiun SACfAnAC, A$uf HUAIJA buAit cu 


An Allegory. 3885 

his fill of the apples, and we stretched back on the fine, soft 
grass together, and began to talk. And I asked him the name 
of that country; "for," said I to him, "it is the most extra- 
ordinary country of all there are in the world." 

He began then to tell me the history of that country, and he 
said, " This country is an island, and God created it out in 
the great ocean on the western side of the world, the place 
where the sun goes to his bed in the night. And it is the 
most beautiful and the greenest and the freshest country of 
all under the sun. And you say it is an extraordinary country, 
but you do not know half its wonderfulness yet. And there 
are three names on it Banba and Fodhla and Ireland." 

When I heard that I gave a jump, and I struck my head 
against a branch of the tree, as I thought and I awoke. 

And when I opened my eyes, there I was lying on the ditch 
at the side of the road, between Dublin and Boharnabreena, 
and my friend Dermot " Ban " was poking me in the ribs with a 

" Tis time for you to be going home," says he. 

" Oro, Dermot," said I, " let me alone. No mother's son ever 
saw the like of such a vision as I have seen." And with that 
I told him my dream from beginning to end. 

" Musha, man dear ! " said Dermot, when I was done, " and 
your dream was true. A prophet and a poet you are," says he. 

" How so? " said I. " Explain it to me." 

" 'Tis on the soil of Ireland you were without any doubt," 
said Dermot, " but you were walking, as all Irishmen are 
walking, on the roads which the English made with their own 
laws and with their own fashions, and those are roads that a 
Gael cannot walk on without stumbling and falling, without 
trouble and distress. But if they leave the road of 
Anglicisation and of English-speaking, and go in on their own 
fine, grassy plain, they will not be walking hard all day long 
like that poor Irishman you saw, to get a bed and a supper 
at night, but they would go twice as far in half the time. 
And that well of spring water that you saw, the well that 
those black sentries would not let the people drink 
from, don't you understand that that is the well of pure 
Irish, and whatever Irishman drinks a drink put of 
it, it is as wine in his mouth, strengthening him and 
cooling him. And that black sentry that got up between you 
and the apple-tree, that was the English Fashion, and when 
you struck him he went out of sight, like a mist, for fashions 
come like mist, and if a person defends himself from them they 


e tMmcig f6 Af AffiA^c niAfv ce<5, 6i|\ oseAnn HA f Affitim triAtt ced, 
mA CofnAnn -ouine 6 fem of\f\A imciseAnn fiAT> mAft ce6 
xxsuf nA blAcA bAnA, Asuf HA h-ubtA, "oo ConnAic cu A|\ 
An sctAAnn AfAt) Atumn, fin 6 An coj\At> ACA AS fAf AJ\ niACAi|te 
nA 5Aet)AtCACcA, A^uf m^ pA^Ann nA ^Ae-Oea nA boitjte i^t A^ 
nA SACfAnAit; lAt) te "out AfceAC AJ\ A T>CAtAiri p6m A^A, nA 
fin n^|\ t)tAf fiAt) te "6-A CeAT) btiAi!)An bAinp* fiAT)fAt\if 
50 0115 IAT). AgtJf AS fin "otnc Anoif, A Cj\Aoit)in, mA|\ rhim $im 
fe T)'Aiftin5," A]\ fe. 

" TTl' AnAni A "OiA, A *OiAf\mtn > o," AJA fA mif e, " ni't "oo f AtriAit 
oe rhinigteoi|v AJ\ tAtAfh nA n-6ifveAnn, Aguf An CeAT) Aiftmg eite 
t)6i*6eAf A^Atn if Cu5At)-fA CiucfAf me. 1f feA|\|\ 'nA "OAniet Cu. 
t>i\Ofcui$ o|\c Anoif Aguf Delimit) A$ "out A-t>Aiter' s 

CA1t)1T)1l 1. 

>i A Ce^fVoCA A|\ tAOit) An 

t)6tAi|\ i n-Aice te T)f\oiCeA'o nA 5 eA>OA1 $ e > "0^16 mite 1 "ocAoitt 
tiA^ "oo dtt ^ifvne. 

CeAjvoAie mAit t)o b'eAii UA^S. Hi ^Aib 5 nA pAf^^ifoe -pem, 
nA t)'fei-oif 1 5CiAffVAit)e, -peA]\ -oo b'feA-p-^ 
CApAtt nA ctAf\ A|\ CeAC'OA. ACc mA^ fin fem, ni 
A toCt)AiE> fein. 1f T)66A nA|\ CAinig |MAm tA AonAig nA 
nA feicfi*6e UAt>5 A|\ f^AiT> Citt xXi^ne, A^tif if ^6-AnnAtti A t)i 
fe A5 ceACc AbAite Cf\Atn6nA ^An beit ftJ^AC 50 teof , no b' eiT>i|\ 
A|\ meif^e. T)A n'oeA^fAt) Aon'ne te UAt)5 Af mAit)in tAe ATI 
AonAi$, " x\n bftntijt AS "out 50 Citt /Aipne int)iu, A ^1*65 ? " 'fe 
An ff\eA5|tA A $eobA-6 f e, " Hi feA-OAf," no " b'feitDi^ t>om " 
'fAn Am CeA-onA AS buAtA-6 buitte t)A CAfU|\ Af An iAft\Ann no AJ\ 
An mneom, Corh mAit if -oA mbeAt) fe AS fA-o, " 1f m6|\ ACA pof 

T1tiAi|\ A bi tA An rhA|\5Ai > o Ann bi 'frif AS S A( ^ tl1 ^ e "o^me soe 

^o M'S & &V An gceAjVoCAin s mb'froeAffi -06 f ui|\eAC f 
OA mbAt) mAit teif A s^o beit "oeAncA 1 sceA|\c. 1f lonrbA 
S^eATitiw^ ^ tti &V fUAi'o nA pA-p-pCifoe cimceAtt tJAi"6s Asuf A 
6uvo oibfie niAiXjiii LAe AonAi$, rnA-p A|\ Cui|\ fe CAi|\nsei mbeo, tA, 
1 s CA P A ^ SeAgAm leit, As^f mAf A|\ pott fe AH moft 
ctA|\ A bi Aise "6A CUJA A|\ CeAfOA te T)omnAtt tlA t)|\uiin. 

Tim the Smith. 3887 

go away like mist again. And the white blossoms and the 
apples that you saw on the beautiful tall tree, that is the 
fruit that is growing on the Plain of Gaeldom, and if the 
Gaels leave the roads on which the English put them, to go 
back on their own land again those apples which they did 
not taste for two hundred years they shall gather them again 
plentifully. And there is for you now, A C|w>it>in, how I 
interpret your dream," said he. 

" My soul to God, Dermot," said I, " there isn't your like 
of an interpreter on the soil of Ireland, and the next dream 
I have, 'tis to you I will come. You are better than Daniel. 
Hurry now, and we will be going home." 

By JAMBS DOYLE. Translated by MART DOYLE. 

TIM O'BYRNE was a smith, and his forge was on the side of 
the road close to Giddagh Bridge, ten miles west of Killarney. 

Tim was a good tradesman. There was not in his own 
parish, nor maybe in Kerry, a man who could better shoe a 
horse or put a board in a plow. But, for all that, Tim was 
not without his own faults. It is probable that there never 
came a fair or market day that Tim was not seen in the 
streets of Killarney, and it was very seldom he came home in 
the evening without being pretty merry, or perhaps drunk. 
If any one would ask Tim on the morning of a fair, " Are 
you going to Killarney to-day, Tim? " the answer he would 
get would be, " I don't know," or " Maybe I would "at the 
same time striking a blow of his hammer on the iron or on 
the anvil, as much as if he were to say, " It is much you 
want knowledge " (How inquisitive you are). 

When the fair day came, everyone who had business at 
the forge knew that he had better stay at home if he wanted a 
job done well. Many curious stories were through the parish 
about Tim and his work on a fair morning: how he had 
put a nail in the quick in a horse of Jack Liah, and how he 
bored altogether wrong a board he was putting in a plow for 
Daniel Breen. 

3888 UA-OS 

t)i fei|uneoit\ beAs 'nA comnAi'oe 1 mfteAt nA 5eAT>Aie 
Ainrn "06 THiceAt C|\6n, ACC nio|\ uns^t) fiArii AIJV Act THiceAt nA 
SCteAf. T)A mbeAt) Aon $no AS THiceAt HA sC^eAf Af\ An sceAjvo- 
cAin ni fAfocAt) Aon tA t>6 "out Ann Act tA An AonAig no An tA 
50 i\Aib 'fMOf Ai$e 50 j\Aib UAt>s AS "out 50 Citt xSijuie no 50 Citt 

Atn f o oiot) niA|A5At) Citt /difvne A|\ An SAtA^n A^uf 010*0 
AonA6 Ann An C6At> tuAn "oo'n ml, niA^ ACA Anoif. 

tAe AonAi$ bi TttiCeAt AS An ^ceAf-oCAin Cun f|\6inint 
*oA niucA, Agtif ConnAic f6 nA fAib pumn te T)6AnArh A^ 

1f oCCA, tAi"65," f f A miCeAl, " 50 mbfei* c ' AJA An 

" t)'fr6i'0it\ -bom," ^-pf A ^^-65. " t)i 
Mom mx>6 50 mb^At) f6 AS $A Ait foi|\ cimceAtt An r-Aon 
O^AS, i T)A mbAt)-rhAit tiom "out teif 50 bjMi$mn 


" ITIA'f mA|\ fin AcA -n f^At," A^fA TTIiceAt, " ni't Aon 

oom mo c^AC'OA A b|\eit AnuAf Cun 6 Cui\ i "o |\eo. 

" tlft, 50 'oeimin ; cAim An uAt, ^^uf CAitpib m "out A 


A bi ITIiceAt nA ^CleA AS "out A bAite t)o cAf f6 i 
ci$e pitib 615, "pei ( meoi|\ beA^ eite bi 'nA ComnAi'oe 1 n-Aice 
e rmceAl p6m. 

" CA lAAbAlf, A ttlicit ? " A^TA plUb. 

" t)iof AS An s ceA f "oCAin AS p^A Ainc An mb^At) An 5^0 \ uttAm 
cun pionnAi J 6u]A im' bfAcA. t)i U "65 AS CAtAnc O|\m 

m"oiu mAtv nA j\Aib m6|\An te 
bptut r^ ^5 "out 50 Cat AiiAne ? 

e AS t^ 50 mbeAt) iA6Att AIJ\ An c-Af At A Cu^ 50 Citt 
A -o'lA^Ait) beAsAn suAit." 
1f niAi : tiom s|\ AbAif if ceA6 CusAtn. t)iof AS CAinu te 

At|M>s A> mT)e, AS^T *fe "oubAi^c pe tiom nA beAt) Am 
Aon ni A "oeAnArh tern' CeAct)A 50 "oci T)iA CeA"OAom feo 
UA An Aimfi|A AS fteAmntjgAt) UAim Asuf s AT1 P^mn "oeAnuA 
*S6 if peAf\[\ "bom A "66An m mo 66 Ct)A A bjveit Cuise Anoif 6 cA 
CADI AS An nsAbA. Hi b 1*6 Aon'ne AS ceACc 611156 in"oiti." 
T)o *6eAfvs ITIiCeAt A piopA, Astif "o'lmtig f e A1|\ A bAite. 

"o'fAs TTIiCeAt An 6eA|At)6A, Asf 6 nA |\Aib Aon ni eite te 
AS UAt)5 CuAit) f6 ifceA6 6un 6 pem A beAfVjAAt) ] A 

n AonAis. Hi ^ Aib f 5 
A ceAnn iceA6 An "ooA ^ At) " t)AU o 

Annf o. '* 

f tTlui|\e t)tic," AffA UA^S, Act ni 6 n-A 6^01*66, mAfv bi 

Tim the Smith. 3889 

There was a little farmer living close to the Giddagh whose 
name was Michael Crone, but he was never called any other 
than Mick of the Tricks. If Tricky Mick had any job at the 
forge no day would satisfy him to go there but a fair day, 
or a day on which he knew Tim would be going to Killarney 
or Killorglin. 

At this time the Killarney market was on a Saturday, and 
there used to be a fair the first Monday of the month, as now. 

One fair morning Mick was at the forge to get nose rings 
for his pigs, and he saw that Tim had not much to do. "I 
suppose, Tim," says Mick, "you'll be at the fair?" 

" Maybe I would," says Tim. " James Tailor was telling me 
he would be passing (east) about 11 o'clock, and if I liked 
to go with him I might have a lift from him." 

" If that is the case," says Mick, " it is no use for me to 
bring dawn my plow to put it in order." 

" No, indeed ; I am without coal, and I must go for a little 
coal and some iron." 

When Tricky Mick was going home he turned into the house 
of Phil Oge, a little farmer who lived close to Mick himself. 
"Where were you, Mick?" says Phil. 
"I was at the forge to see if the smith would be ready 
to-morrow to put pins in my harrow. Tim was pressing me 
to send to him to-day, as he had but little to do." 
"Is he not going to Killarney?" 

"I heard him say that he should send the donkey to 
Killorglin for a little coal." 

"I am glad you came in to me. I was speaking to Tim 
yesterday, and he told me he could not do anything to my 
plow until next Wednesday. The time is slipping from me, 
and with little done. I had better take my plow to him now, 
as the smith has leisure. No one will be coming to him 

Mick lit his pipe and went on home. When Mick left the 
forge, and since he had nothing else to do, Tim went in to 
shave and clean himself for the fair. He was but half-shaved 
when Phil struck his head in the door, saying, " God bless 
all here." 

" God and Mary bless you," says Tim, but not from his 
heart, as he had a notion that Phil did not come without 
business. " I suppose you're going to town." 

" Indeed I am not ; I have something else to do besides 
street- walking," says Phil. 


nAjA tAmis pitib $An no ; " if T>6CA 50 

out ^f & 
" ni'tim, 50 

eACC," Aff A pitib. 

" 1f IOTTTOA tA beit) cu Af\ tAoib An ceAmpAitt, A 

" 1TIA 'feAt> f em, 'f e if ceApc "oom mo TMCeAtt A "beAnArh An 
fAiT) AUAim AJ\ An fAogAt fo, i Anoif bAt) mAit tiom T>A 
mo C6ACT)A 1 "OCfveo t)Am. Cim nAC bpuit cu 1x0-511 OCAC." 

' 1f c^uAg tiom, A pitib, nAC peiT)if\ Horn Aon ni A 
tet)' CAC*OA inx)iu ni't Aon $UAI ASAHI, Asuf CA lACAtt oj\m "out 
50 Citt x^ijme T)A iA|\|AAit)." 

" tli s^^ A> t)uic Aon Cftiobtoit) A beit oj\c mA|v $eAtt Aifv fin ; 
cA iriAitin suAit f A c|\ucAitt ASAm." 

tAib. " CAT) CA te "oeAnAm Af\ T)O C6ACT5A, A pmb ? " 

'* UA CtA|\ A CtJf A1|A, CfUAlt) A CU-JA A|\ An f OC, "] 

D. UeAfcui^eAnn beASAn cnuAit>e o bA|\|v An 
botCA nuA A "beAnAm "oo'n |\ACA." 

f\uAit) ASAHI ACc Aon fmuicin AriiAm A s^^ 1 ^ A r A 
A|\ j\Ann-Aicm T>O SeAgAn jSeAmuif," A|\fA An 5AbA. 

" UA t^n mo "bCcAin cpuAi'be ASAm-fA fA bA^te," A|\fA pitib. 
" t)i-fe AS bAinc An cfeAn-CtAi|\ "oo'n CeAiTJA; beAT)-|A A|\ n-Aif 
An s c t^ A1>o 5 AT1 moitt." 

but) mAit tiom, "oA mb'pei'oif tiom e, *oo n6 A T)eAnAm mT)iti, 
oo fsoit cof m'ui|\T) nT)e nuAi|\ A biof AS cuj\ lAfAinn A^A -pot 
te SeASAn t)f\e<c, A$uf bei"6 lACAtt o|\m cof nuA Cu|\ Ann. t3iOf 
cof A b|\eit AbAite tiom mT)iti 6'n AonAC." 

beAs CAnncAp AC T)O b'eAt) pmb Os- ConnAic fe 50 
A "o'lA^fAit) teit-fseit T)O x>eAnAm "oo bi 
bi A CoCAt AS eipe. 

' 'Se mo tuAipim, A CAI^S," A|\ feif oAn f A 
bfuit Aon fonn of\c rn'obAip "oo "beAnAm. t)At) CCi^ s 
mo CuiT) Aifs 1>o 'r e Com mAit te nAiiAs eA> ttliCit tiA 
Cim nAC mA|\ fin ACA An fs^At, Asuf 6 CA mo Cof A|\ An mbocAjA 
cA s^ 1 ^^^ eite 'fA pAf\f\6ifoe C6m mAic teAC-f A." 

" T)eAn T)O ^OSA f\uT) ; ni'tim-f e A' b|\Ait A|\ "oo CuiT) AifsiT), A 
fSAnn|\6i|\ ! t)eip teAC T)O f eAn-CeACT)A pe ^ic if mAit teAC,' t 

AfVf ' An SAbA. 

" 1f mAit e mo bui-6eACAf, A CAI-OS ; ACc if "061$ tiom 50 
mb'feA|\|\ t)uic pAnArhAinc 'fA bAite 'nA beit 1*0' mAiT)tM'n tAtAi$e 
A|\ f fVAit) Citt Ai|\ne, AS CAiceAm T>O Cot)' Aipsit) -\ T)O ftAince." 

*' 1f cumA t)uic-f e, 1 n-Ainm An T)iAbAit ! Hi ne "oo CuiT) AifsiT)- 
fe A bim AS CAiteAm, A fp|\iuntoisin. 'b'fei'oifv nAC e SAC Aon 
Com bos teAC if biof-fA AS "oeAnAm c|Auit)te 


Tim the Smith. 3891 

"You'll be many a day beside the church, Phil." 

"Even so, I ought to do my best while in this world; and 
now I would like you to put my plow in order for me. I see 
you are not very busy." 

" I am sorry, Phil ; I cannot do anything to your plow 
to-day. I have no coal, and I am obliged to go to Killarney 
for it." 

" You need not trouble about that, I have a bag of coal in 
the cart." 

" Bad luck to you and your plow," says Tim, under his 
teeth. " What has to be done to your plow, Phil? " 

"It wants a board, to steel the sock, and to put it a little 
in the sod. The point of the coulter wants a little steel, and 
you must make a new bolt for the rack." 

" I have no steel but one little scrap I promised to to put on a 
furze spade for Jack James," says the smith. 

" I have plenty of steel at home," says Phil. " You be 
taking the old board off the plow and I'll be back with the 
steel without delay." 

" I would like if I could to do your job to-day, but the 
handle of my sledge split yesterday when I was putting tires 
on a wheel for Jack Brack, and I must put a new handle on 
it. I was going to bring home a handle from the fair." 

Phil Oge was a cantankerous little man. He saw clearly 
that it was trying to make excuses Tim the Smith was, and 
his choler was rising. 

" It is my opinion, Tim," says he at last," that you have 
no intention of doing my work. One would think my money 
would be as good as Tricky Mick's; but I see that is not how 
the case stands, and as my foot is on the road, there are other 
smiths in the parish besides you." 

"Do as you like; I'm not depending on your money, you 
fright. Take your old plow to where you please," said the 

" How well I am thanked, Tim, but I do think it would be 
better for you to stay at home than to be puddle-trotting on 
the streets of Killarney, spending your money and your health. 

" You need not care a damn. It is not your money I am 
spending, you mean little creature. Maybe 'tis not every smith 
would be as easy with you as I have been, making shoes ior 
your ' crock ' out of your gathering of old iron. Be off now, 
and maybe you would pick up an old horseshoe on the road, 
and with that Tim shut the door. 


Af T>O bAiti^A* feAn-iApf\Ainn. 
T b'eiT>ip 50 fA$tA feAn-Cpu'o CApAitt 

1mcig teAC Anoif, 
A' mbotAp, 

teif f 1ri "o 

t)i pitib AX; cup t)e gup bAin f6 AITIAC ceAptxiA 
t)'e AH AbA bi 1 n-Afro-A'-Ctuigin peA|\ 65 A bi CAtriAtt mAit 6 
fom 'n-A ppmcifeAc AS UA-OS ^AbA. "o'pAs fe CA-OS bi f6 
CAtnAtt "DA Aimfij\ 1 sCopCAig i btiAt>Ain no "66 1 nAtbAin. t)uAC- 
Aitt ciAttniA^ T>O Oi Ann -j ceAf\'OAit)e niAit. GojAn tlA tAo$Ai|\e 
oo b'Ainm "06: Hi ]\Aib m6|\An pAitce Aige j\oirii pitib nuAi|\ T)O 
ConnAic f6 6 AS ceACc, Agtif ni mo 'n^ fin bi Ai$e foirnif 
o'mnif pitib T>6 A|\ An 5CAifmi^c t)o bi 1*01^ 6 pem ] An 


T)ubAi|\c An 5AbA 65 te pitib 50 |\Aib eA^tA AI^ nA b^A"6 CAOI 
Aon ni t>o t)6AnAni te n-A C6ACT)A 50 "oci "oeipeAt) nA 
HiojA rhAit teif pitib *o'eiceAC, ACc bi fiiit Ai^e n^ 
pitib fAfCA te peiteArh com PAT>A fin Aguf 50 mbeAt) fe 

A ceAC"OA teif A|\ n-Aif 50 "oci CAt>5 n6 50 "oci 
eite, ACc ni fAib Aon rhAit t>6 Ann. 
" pA5pAt)-f A Annfo mo ceAct)A," A|Vf A pitib, " " 
oom puifveAc teif 50 ceAnn coi^ci-oif C 'nx)iw, -j CA^ eif An Aoi"oe 
beit A puAipeAf 6 tAt)5 ^AbA An tA fo ni bAO$At "06 50 

f f A 6o$An, " cA A fiof A^AC 50 mAit nA6 
t)iom-fA 1 "ouAoib ceAcc Annfo, A^tif 
ni'tim A t\A"6 ACC An pifinne ntiAi|\ A "oeifim 50 mb'f?eAt\f\ tiom 50 
mop nA pA^pA-f A ceAjvocA tJAit^ cun ceAcc cun mo ceAjvocAn-fA." 

" Ap An -fi|Mnne if cC|\A |\At A beit," A^fA pitib, " ACC -oeifMrn 
teAC mtinA mbeA"6 Aon $AbA eite Af fo 50 cAtAip Cof\CAi$e nA 
pAigeAt) UA"O5 UA t)|\om Aon ni te "oeAnArh uAim-fe." 

t)i A peAftJn pem A$ Go^An tlA t,AoAi|\e. Hi fVAib "oo ctAinn 
AS UAt)5 ^AbA ACC Aon meAn AmAm. Tli i\Aib fi ACC 'n-A 
CAite AS T>ut A^ f5 01 ^ tiuAi^ "oo bi 6o$An 'n-A ^ 
hAtAip. t)i fi AnA-ceAnArhAit Af Go^An, A^uf niop b'Aon 
e. ftuACAitt sfvA'omAf fubAitceAC "oo bi Ann ; niop 
belt 'meAfs buACAitti eite mAf\ 6 pem 'nA beit 1 tAf\ 

5te6 ACA T)O CtJ1|\peAt) AttAlt)1f OfC. tTlAf $6Att A1|\ 

teAnb 'fA bAite ^An beit ceAnArhAit A]A An n^AbA 65, 

50 tei|\ 50 tiAn-UAi^neAC nuAip "o'fA^ fe UA^S tlA t)]\om. 
t)A m6 An c-tJAi^neAf t)o bi A^ tleitti bi^ A' AbA 'nA AJ\ Aon'ne 
eite nuAi|\ -o'imti$ GogAn, A^uf CAoin fi 50 ftn$eA6 'nA "OIAI*. 
T)'f?Af lleitti fUAf 'n-A CAitin -oeAf gpAfCAmAit. "Do CAitteA-6 A 
ntiAiyv bi fi feACC mbtiA"6nA "oeA^ "o'AOif, A^tif 6 bAf A 


fi Tleitti bi 

beAn-cije AS 

50 |\Aib fi 'n-A mnAoi-cige rhAit. tli 

ni mifoe A 

nA UiiAite 

Tim the Smith. 3393 

Phil continued on his way till he came to the forge of 
Ard-a-Clugeen. The smith at Ard-a-Clugeen was a youno- 
man who had been a good while ago an apprentice with Tim 
the Smith. Since he left Tim he spent part of his time in 
Cork, and a year or two in Scotland. A sensible young man 
was he, and a good tradesman. Owen O'Leary was his name. 
He had not much welcome for Phil when he saw him coming, 
and he had less for him when Phil told him of the row between 
himself and ^the old smith. The young smith told Phil that 
he was afraid he would have no "time to do anything to his 
plow until the end of the week. He did not like to refuse 
Phil, but he was hoping that Phil would not be satisfied to 
wait so long, and that he would be taking his plow back to 
Tim, or to some other smith, but it was all in vain. 

" I'll leave my plow here," says Phil, " if I had to wait 
for it till this day fortnight; and after the abusive language 
I got to-day from Tim the Smith, from this day forward there 
is no chance of his ever again receiving a penny from me." 

" Now, Phil," says Owen, " you know very well Tim is not 
too thankful to me for coming here, and I am but telling the 
truth when I say that I would much rather you did not leave 
Tim's forge to come to mine." 

"It is the truth which should thrive ('Tis in the truth the 
luck ought to be)," says Phil; "but I tell you, that if there 
was not another smith from this to the city of Cork, Tim 
O'Byrne would get nothing to do from me." 

Owen O'Leary had his own reasons. The only family Tim 
the Smith had was a daughter. She was but a little girl going 
to school when Owen was an apprentice with her father. She 
was very fond of Owen, and little wonder. He was an 
affectionate, soft-natured boy. He would as soon be in the 
midst of a pack of children, who would deafen you with 
their noise, as with other lads like himself. On this account 
there was not a child in the village who was not fond of the 
young smith, and they were all very lonesome when he left 
Tim O'Byrne. The smith's little Nelly was more lonely than 
anyone else when Owen went away, and she cried bitterly 
after him. 

Nelly grew up to be a pretty, graceful girl. Her mother died 
when she was seventeen years of age, and from the death of 
her mother Nelly was housekeeper to Tim, and it is not amiss 
to say that she was a good housewife. There was not a man in 
the Tuogh flock who had a prettier stocking than Nelly's 

3894 CA-OS 

feAj\ bA "beife fCocA 'nA ACAIJX tteitti, Asuf AJ\ fon 50 
'n-A $AbA, As^f s An cj\oiceAnn j\6-$eAt AIJ\, ni f Aib teme 
Aij\c fem niof site 'nA A teme Ajt mAiTMn T)iA T)otfmAi5. 

1f beAs AH c-ionsnAt) nt>Aif\ tAims GogAn tlA l,AO5Aif\e AbAite 
50 nT>ubAif\c fe teif fem 50 mbeAt) tteitti 65 mAf\ mnAoi Ai$e, 
Asuf if t)6i$ tiom 50 fVAitt fife A|\ An AigneAt) C^A'onA, ACc nio^A 
mAf\ fin t)o'n Cf eAn-$At>A. Hi |\Aib Aon t>eAt)A > 6 Ai|\ Cun cteArhnAif 
oo "b^AnAni *b^ ingin, mA|\ t>i A fnof Ai^e 50 niAit 50 mbeAt) f6 
An-teAttArriAC $An tleitti, ACc 1 n-A AigneAt) f6m t)A*6 rhAit teif, 
DA" tnb^At) fonn p6fCA t>i|\f\i, 50 mbeAt) S^Amuf 

t3i feit\m tteAg CAttfiAn A^ SeAmuf, ACc bA rhimce 6 
AS An sceAtvoCAin, A plop 'n-A b6At Aige Aguf e AS 
nA mbtiit5 "oo'n $AbA, nd A* buAtAt) t)6 ntJAi|\ "oo bi UAt>5 
CjMiAit) A|\ |\Ainn no A$ "oeAnArii c|\ut) T>o CApAitt, I, A|\ nof 
p6m, bi An-t)i4it Ai$e 1 f|\^it)it)eACc. t)i c^i fAbAitini b6 Ai^ 

CUptA COtpAC, 1 1AT) SO t6l|t Af\ CdgAlt Af\ teACC nA TTIA|\CA. Hi 

pitib 1 bpAT> CAJ\ 6if imteACcA nt>Ai|\ t)o bi SeAmuf UAittiu]\A 

A t]MJCAltt AS "OO^Af An JJAbA. 
" t)fUlt CU tlttAfh, A tAlt)S " -A|\fA SeAtTIUf. 

" U^im 1 nsio|\]AA6c "06," A^f A UAt>s ; " ni't ASAHI te "oeAnArh 
mo bp6sA "oo Cu^ o|\m. t)fiofcui$ o|\c, A Heitti ; cA An bf<5s 
fin niAit s teOfi Anoif. CA bptut mo CAj\AbAC ? tl^ bAC teif 
A* fs^t^n. Anoif, A SeAtrwif, cAim uttAm." 

" HA6 bftnt cufA A* C6A6C tmn, A tleiUi ? " 

" tli'tim, A SeAmuif , 50 p6itt ; b'frei'oitt A|\ bAtV 50 1*4541 rm 
pem te coif ttl^i|\e Cf6in, Asuf b^it) A' c-Af At ASAinn." 

" 1f fe^i* t)tnc ceACc tmn-ne. *Oxi otcAf mo CApAtt, if 
e 'nA AfAitin ttl^i^e." 

" 5 f A1 niAit ASAC, A 6eAmuif, T)o ^eAttAf T>O 
f ui|\eA6 tei. t)eAm 1 n-Am 50 te6|\ 1 sCitt ^i]\ne ; ni't pumn te 
oeAnAm ASAm-fA AJ\ An AonA6." 

" t)eAtA t>tJine A toit," A]AfA SeAmuf, Asuf A|\ fiubAt te6. 

HUAI|\ A bio'OAp CAmAtt beAs A|\ A' mbotAp "oubAifC <CAt)s te 
SeAmuf, " Af\ buAit pitib 65 umAC ? " 

" HiOf\ bUAlt ; CAT) 'n-A tAOb ? " 

" t)i fe Annfo CAmAtt beAs 6 f om te n-A ceAct)A. T)o $eAttAf 
06, c^ feAccrhAin 6 fom, 50 mb6inn uttAm T)IA CeAt>Aoin' ; ACC 
n1 beAt) fe f-dfCA s At1 ceAcc cus^m AJA mAiT)in, Asuf me CA^\ eif 
ttlicit nA sCteAf T>O teismc AbAite mA|\ $eAtt A|A nA ]tAib Aon 
ASAm. t)i s^ 6 f e f^At) ASAinn te 'n-A ceite s i^AbAn 
feA]\5A6. T)'A|\ > otii$ pitib A ceACT>A teif, A5f if -OOCA nA beit) 
teif 50 mbuAitfeA*6 f6 ceAf'oCA 6osAinin tli tAo$Aif\e." 
ttliCeAt nA sCteAf AS An sceAt\X)CAin Af m4it)in in*oiu ? " 

Tim the Smith. 3895 

father, and though Tim was a smith, and without a very white 
skin, still the priest's alb on Sunday morning was no whiter 
than his Sunday shirt. 

It is little wonder that when Owen O'Leary came home 
he said to himself that he would have young Nelly for a wife; 
and I think she was of the same mind; but such was not the 
case with the old smith. He was in no hurry to make a match 
for his daughter, for he knew very well he would be badly off 
without Nelly; but in his own mind he wished, if she had a 
notion of marrying, that he would have James Tailor for a 

James had a little farm of land; but James was oftener at 
the forge, his pipe in his mouth, and he blowing the bellows 
for the smith, or sledging for him when Tim would be steeling 
a spade, or making shoes for horses, and like Tim himself he 
was very fond of street- walking. He had three little tatters of 
cows, and a couple of heifers that were lifting (ready to fall 
with hunger) on the coming of March. 

Phil had not long gone when James Tailor and his cart 
were at the smith's door. 

" Are you ready, Tim? " said James. 

" I'm near it," says Tim. " I have but to put on my shoes. 
Hurry on, Nelly. That shoe is all right now. Where is my 
cravat? Never mind the looking-glass. Now, James, I am 

"Are you not coming, Nelly?" 

" I am not, James, yet awhile. Maybe by and by I would 
go with Mary Crone, and we shall have the ass." 

" You had better come with us. Bad as my horse is, he is 
better than Mary's little donkey." 

" Thank you, James. I promised Mary to wait for her. 
We shall have time enough in Killarney. I have not much to 
do at the fair." 

"Have your own way," says James, and away with them. 

When they were a short time on the road Tim said to James, 
"Did you meet Phil Oge?" 

"No. Why?" 

" He was here awhile ago with his plow. I promised him 
a week ago that I should be ready on Wednesday, but he would 
not be content without coming to me this morning, and I after 
letting Tricky Mick home because I had no coal. We had 
every second word with each other until we were both angry, 


" tlAC bf uitih, CArt 61 r A rA*6 teAC 50 |\Aib cun ram 615111 "oo 
CeAnArii te 'n-A ceACt>A." 

" t>iot> 56Att," A|\fA SeAtnuf " survAb e tTliceAt -oo ctnrt i 
SceAnn pitib ceACc CUSAC." 

" Art rh'AnAtn -j s Ari -0^016-111 Arv m'AnAtn, 50 mb'f ei-oifv 50 bfint 
-AH ceAf\c ASAC, Asuf mA'f mAfi fin AcA An fseAt nAf\A f AT>A 50 
TTIiceAt corvA-6 A t>e.A$-oit>t\e.A<i-A. T)ut>^c te 
Aon gu-At -A^Ain, A^uf tug pitit) rn^ititi ju^it 'n--A 
bun -A' 

" 1f "0615 Uom pem nA beAt) fe f-AfCA 5^n b^it -AS 

fin. Art CtJAtAit)if CAT> T>O -6ein f e AJA 
T)orrm.Att AS -out te foe 50 t>ci ceArvT)CA IIA 
nu.Ai|\ tAmi5 TTliCe-At r\A gCte-Af fu-Af teif, Aguf e ^5 "out -A 

r\Ait rhonA 6'n bportrAC. 
" * CA bptnt cu AS -out ? ' AjtfA ITIiCeAt. 

* UAIITI AS "out teif feo 50 TJCI An CeA|\t)CA Cun e Cur\ btuif\e 

'f A bpot). UAtnAoiT) AS ufeAbAt) pAi|\cin nA sCtoC, "] if 

i tr\eAbAt> te f oc AC<S beA$An Af A bp 6*0.' 
-oo foe J f A ct\CAitt A$uf CAr\ ifceAC tu pem. 1f m6t\ 
ni Anj\6 nA mArtCAi > 6eA6cA. > 

* 50 r\Aib triAit ASAC, A ttlicit ; Asuf b'freiTurx 6 cAirn teAt- 

50 bf ASP A An f oc AS An sceAr\T)CAin ; AbAirt te UomAf e 
v'.urt fiorv-beASAn 'f A bpdt)/ 

" ' T)eAnf At) 6 fin Asuf f Aitce,' Ar\f A miceAt, Astif t)'iompui$ 
"OorhnAtt HUA* AbAite. Ace CAT) t>o t>em An cteAfAit)e ACC A 
r\Ai!) teif A' nsAbA f oc "OorhnAitt -oo curi beA$An eite Af An bp 6*0, i 
50 fvAib A ceACT>A ^o m6|\ niof meAfA n<S bi fe. 
eite bi tTliceAt A -o'lArvrxAit) fteAgAin tAtt Af\ An n^ofc 
f6 ifceAC 1 nT>o|VAf SeAtnuif ttlAoit. tDi SeAtnuf 
'n-A ftn"6e Art fcdt A|\ ASAI* An "oorxAif ifceAt AS cur\ cAoibin A|\ 
A bf\ois. bi An t-A 50 tiAn-br\oCAttAC, Astif SeAmtif AS ct>f\ 
AttAif -oe, -oo bAin fe "Oe fem A ^)eir\bic A$uf crvoc fe A|\ CfucA 
e 1 T>CAoib tiAri t)o'n t)or\Af. T)o "OeArvs miceAt A piop Asf bi 
f6 AS s^-Ait -O.A cmt) br\eAfCAit)eAccA, mAri bA gnAtAC teif. UAJ\ 
6if teAt-tiAi|\ no niAr\ fin "oo Orvtut) fe fiof 1 n-Aice An "oortAif. 
T)'pAn f e AS An *oorvAf cAmAtt beAs Asf A tArh A|\ An teAt-t)O|AAf . 
T)'p6AC fe Afi An SCJAUCA, AS teismc A1|\ 50 |\Aib nAirve Airv. ' 'S 
ArhtAii!),' Art f eif eAn, ' t>o cturv TTlAirve Anonn me f eACAinc A bf A$- 
Amn lAfAcc nA fiu'OA fin (An peirvbic) cun ceAf\c "oo Ctirv AS sor\ 

" t)i SeAmuf TTlAot AJI > oeAr\s-^wite, Asf teim fe y n-A ft>it>e, 
ACC mA teim bi THiceAt irniste. T)o CAit SeAtrmf A CAfur\ teif, 

Tim the Smith. 3897 

and I suppose he will not stop now until he reaches Owney 
O'Leary's forge." 

" Was Tricky Mick at the forge this morning? " 

" Am I not after telling you that he was, to get something 
done to his plow." 

" I'll bet," says James, " that it is Mick put it into Phil's 
head to come to you? " 

" On my soul, and not putting anything bad on my soul, I 
believe you are right, and if such is the case, I hope it won't 
be long until Mick gets the reward of his good works. I told 
Mick himself I had no coal, and Phil had a little bag of coal 
in the cart with him. Without doubt Mick is the root of the 

" I would not put it past him." 

" I think myself he would not be happy if he were not 
making mischief between neighbors," says Tim. 

" 'Tis true for you. Did you hear what he did to Daniel 
Eoe? Daniel was going with a sock to the Cappagh forge, 
when Tricky Mick overtook him as he was going for a rail 
of turf to the bog." 

" ' Where are you going,' says Mick. 

" ' I am going with this to the forge, to put it a little bit " in 
the sod." We are plowing the little stony field, and it is very 
hard to plow it with a sock a little out of the sod.' 

" * Pitch the sock into the cart and come in yourself. It is 
a good thing to get the lift.' 

"'Thank you, Mick; and maybe, as I am very short of 
hands, you would leave the sock at the forge. Tell Tom to 
put it just a little in the sod.' 

" ' I will do that and welcome,' says Mick, and Daniel turned 
home. But what did the trickster do, but tell the smith to 
put Daniel's sock a little more out of the sod, so that his plow 
was far worse than before. 

" Another day Mick was looking for a slaan over at Fortbee. 
He turned into the house of James the Bald. James was 
sitting on a stool opposite the door putting, a patch on his 
shoe. As the day was sultry and James sweating, he took off 
his wig and hung it on a hook behind the door. Mick lit his 
pipe, and he was, as usual, going on with his pranks. After 
half an hour or so he moved down near the door. He stayed 
at the door a little while, with his hand on the half-door. He 
looked at the hook, pretending that he was ashamed, 
how,' says he, ' Mary sent me over to see if I could get the 


ACC, 1 n-ionAt) Illicit "oo buAtAt) teif An ^cAfUfv, > o'-Aimfi^ f 

COttCAn tttOn 0! Afl 1AfACC AS A ttinAOl Ctm OttAn T)O t>ACU$At). 

t)ptnt GosAn tlA t,Ac>5Aine 'nA ceAn-oAise tfiAic ? " 

" Cxi bfiof OArii-f A f om," Anf A UA-OS, i ni 50 n6-rhitif ; " ACC 
ni "0615 Horn sunAb e feAbAf A ceAn-oAi-OeACc' ACA AS cAnnAc nA 
nT>Aome cuise ; 'fe A 6111*0 t>lAT)Ai|\ ttieAltAnn IAT>. t)i 
50 fteAtriAin |\iAfh Ai^e. t)At) CuniA tiom "DA sctn^eA 
"06 6m Ag "OfioiCeAT) HA leAtfiriA n6 tiof A|\ A TTIiAtitif, ACc if 
061$ tiom-fA 5U|\ tn6|\ ATI riAi|\e "66 ceACc -j ceA|\x>CA t)o 
66rh AtCurnAifV -OAtn Aguf CA f6 'tioif." 

nio|\ t>'f A-QA 
CAfAt) O^|\A 
Tli |\Aib teAt An tAe CAitce 


nA -OAome A^ A ceite, 
-Ace rii CAfCA|i nA cnwic tiA 

An t>ei|\c Citt -di^ne 

ACA i > oci$ 66Amuif tli tDtvuijm 'f A Sf^i-o tltJAit), 
50 -pAib bfVAon eite ACA i St\AiT) 
n6 c^iuf eite A^uf CA^C O|\|\A. 
bi An 5AbA TUSAC 50 teo-p. 

HI JVAlb Tleitti 1 bfAT) A|\ A' fjAxSlt) 5U|t COnnAIC fl A tlAtA1|\ 

e A|\ teAt-rheifge. 1f ^AI^IT) "oo bi fi pem A^uf An CAitin eite 
AS T>eAnAni A n^notA. HUAI^ T>O bioT)A|t uttArh cun ceACc AbAite 
DO t>em Heitti A "oiCeAtt A tiAtAi-p t)o n^eAttAt) tei, ACC ni j\Aib 
T)i beit A CAtAnc A1|\ ; "o'^An f 6 pem Aguf SeAtnuif A|\ An 
50 "oci cuicim nA honbce A^uf 50 |\AbAt)A|\ A]\Aon AJ\ 
no 1 nsio^ACc t>6. 

t!)i cApAittin beAg cneAfCA AS SeAmuf U^ittiuf\A. t)i An 
|\eit) A^tif An oit)Ce 
meit) T)O bi 6tCA ACA 
F^eAt 50 mAiC ACA, ACC ni 
nA LeArhnA bi "oeoc te beic ACA, 
Af An "ociMJCAitt ctnc fe A|\ 
'fAn Am CeA-onA TJO cui|\ fvtm 
An \ot c\eAnA tAitfie t:Ait> 

mbeAt) An beij\c fAfCA teif An 
^Ait) Citt ^i|\ne beAt) An 
HuAi|\ tAn5AT>A^ 50 'O^oiceA'o 
nuAi|\ bi An ^AbA AS ceAcc AniA6 

A t)|\omA AJ\ An mbotAf, 
m An CApAtt Af fiubAt. 
T)o fst\eAt) An peAf\ bocc corh 

pn sun; nic nA "OAome AniAt ctnse, Astif nuAin connACAT)Af 
6 fince An An mb6tAn fAoileA'OAn 50 nAib A t-drh bnifce, ACC ni 


t)A rh6|\ An ni 50 nAib An "ooccuin 'n-A corhnAi'Oe An tAoib An 
b<5tAin AS T)noi6i > oin nA SpioT>oise ; bi f 6 AS bAite. UAn eif 
feACAinc An tAirh An S A ^ A 'f^ "oubAinc An "ooccuin, " Hi't Aon 
cnArii bnifce, ACC beit) f e CAiriAtt 50 mbeit) sfei'din ASAC AJ\ CAf On, 
A UAit)s." *Oo b'pion -oof An ; bi An 
mAn geAtt An A tAirh. 

Tim the Smith. 3899 

loan of that thing (the wig) to set a hen hatching in it.' 
James the Bald was mad ; he jumped up, but if he did Mick 
was gone. James threw the hammer after him, but instead of 
hitting Mick with the hammer, he struck a big pot which his 
wife had borrowed to dye wool in. Is Owen O'Leary a good 
tradesman ? " 

"How do I know?" says Tim, and not sweetly; "but I 
don't think it is the excellence of his workmanship that is 
drawing the people to him; his blarney, that coaxes. He has 
always the slipping tongue. I would not mind had he set up 
at Laune Bridge, or below at Meanus, but I do think it is a 
shame for him to come and set up his forge so near to me as 
it is now." 


" People meet, but hills and mountains don't." 

"When the two reached Killarney they must have a drink 
in James Breen's house in the new street, and it was not long 
until they had another drop in Hen-street, where they meet 
three others with a thirst on them. Half the day was not 
spent when the smith was tipsy enough. 

Nelly was not long in town when she saw her father, and 
he half-drunk. Herself and the other girl were but a short 
time doing their business. When they were ready to come home 
Nelly did her best to coax her father with her, but it was 
useless trying to persuade him. Himself and James stayed in 
town till nightfall, and until they were both drunk, or near it. 

James Tailor had a gentle little horse. The road was good 
and the night bright, and had the pair been satisfied with what 
they had drunk when they left the town of Killarney things 
would have been well with them, but they were not satisfied. 
When they came to Laune Bridge they were to have a drink, 
and when the smith was coming out of the cart he fell on the 
flat of his back on the road, while at the same time something 
caused the horse to move. The wheel passed over Tim's hand. 
The poor man screamed so bitterly that the people ran out to 
him, and when they saw him stretched on the road they 
thought his hand was broken, but it was not. It was a great 
matter (it was fortunate) that the doctor was living close to 


t^fl nA bAfiAC CAJA eif tAe AH AonAig, Asuf t)Aome AS ceACc 50 
oci ceA^iT>CA t7Ait>s bi fe buA"6A-|AtA 50 teof. Cuip fe fseAtA Cun 
SAbA nA Ce.ap.Ai5e bi An-mumceAtvoA teif i scomnAi-oe, -AS -peAC- 
Ainc ^n scuifipeA-6 fe A AC CtJige AJA peAt> feAccmAine Ctm 50 
mbeA-6 Am Aise AJA peAj\ 15111 eite "oo folAtA^. 

'Se An -pt\eA5|\A -puAif\ An ceACcAi|\e 50 ^AtiA'OAp f6-teAt 
A]\ An 5CeApAi5, ACc b'frei-oitA 1 n-oei^eAt) nA feACcrhAine 50 
An peA|A 65 AbAtcA A^\ -out AJ\ peAt) tAe no t)6 Cwn CAbfxugAt) le 

" An -ppfteAltAijAin f 5A15, A|\fA UAt)5, nuAif A CuAtA -p6 CAT) 
t)ut)Ai|\c A "Oume muinceA|\t)A, " CA f:iof A5Am-fA 50 mAit CAt> c^ 
'n-A 6eAnn ; ACc belt) An fseAt 50 cjuiAi'O o|\m-fA n6 f A|\6CA > o-f A 
e." 11uAi|\ CUAIA OogAn UA t,AO5Ai|\e CA*O "oo tuic AITIAC Af AtAi|\ 
TleitU niO|\ b'pvo \ 50 fAib f6 AS t)O|\Af ci$e An AbA. tli |\Aib 
tnojAAn pAitce AS UA^S f\oimif, ACc fA^ A^ AS fe An ceinceAn 
bi CAob eite A|\ A' fseAt. 

" 1f C|\UA5 tiom," A]\fA OogAn, " cuf A beit mA^ 'CAOI, 
Aon'ne ASAC ACc cti pein. An pei-oi^ Uom-fA Aon nit) "oo 
6uic ? " 

" Hi ^eA-oAix," A]Af A UA-OS ; " if -ooCA 50 bfuit "oo t>6tAin te 
t)6AnArh ASAC pem, A5Uf belt) niof m6 ASAC Anoif 6 CAim-fe 

* An ce bionn fiof buAitceA]\ cof A1|\, 

Asuf An ce bionn fWAf otCA|\ -oeoC A1^. J ' 

" Hi beip 1 bfA-o fiof , te consnAm *O6 ; A5f mo tAm if m'frocAt 
QU1C nAc bp uit Aon CfAinnc O|\m-fA obAijt A b|\eit tAic-fe. 1TlA|\ 
A bpuit Aon $AbA eite ASAC -pOf cuii\peA"o-fA mo 

Ait ASAC," A]\fA <CAt>5, AS cu|\ tAime ftAn 
AS b|\eit 5|\eim "OAinseAn AJ\ tAim GosAin. 
TltiAif\ bi An 5AbA 65 AS imteAcc |\us tleitti AJ\ tAim AI^ 

THite beAnnACc GI\C. t)iof A' cuimneAm OJAC ; bi fuit 
teAC, Ate bi eAstA Ofvm t)A otiocpA peims 50 mbeAt) m'AtAijt 
teAC, mA|\ bi piof A5Am 50 niAit nA t\Aib fe f\6- 

Hi m6f\ if f eiT)!^ tiom A t)6AnAm, ACC 'oeAnpA'D mo t>iceAtt ; 
CA ? f ASAC-fA, A Tleitti, 50 nT)eAnpAinn moftAn A|\ "oo 

50 HAn-buit)eA6 t)ioc, A 6o$Ain," AffA tleitti, -j tuifne 


An sAbA 65 AbAite 'f nio|\ b'^ATJA CA|\ eif imteA6c' "oo 
go T>CAinis SeAmwf UAittiu]\A ifceAt. t)i tleitti AS An 
" CAnnof cA c'AtAif, A tleitti ? " 

Tim the Smith. 3901 

little Spiddogue Bridge. He was at home. After looking at 
the smith's hand the doctor said " there was no bone broken, 
but it win be a while before you can handle a hammer, Tim." 
'Twas true for him. The smith was three months without 
doing anything, owing to his hand. 

Next morning after the fair, and people coming to Tim's 
forge, he was troubled enough. He sent a messenger to the 
Cappagh smith, who was always very friendly with him, to 
see if he would send his son to him for a week, until he had 
time to provide some other man. 

The answer the messenger got was that they were very busy 
at Cappagh, but perhaps at the end of the week the young man 
might be able to go for a clay or two to help Tim. " The 
little sooty sweep," says Tim, when he heard what his 
friend said, " I know what is in his head, but it will go hard 
with me or I'll be even with him." 

When Owen O'Leary heard what had happened to Nelly's 
father it was not long until he was at the smith's door. Tim 
had not much welcome for him, but before he left the hearth 
there was another side to the story. " I am sorry," says Owen, 
" to see you as you are, with no one but yourself. Can I do 
anything for you? " 

" I don't know," says Tim. "I suppose you have plenty to 
do yourself, and you will have more now since I am as I am. 

" He that is down is trampled ; 
He that is up is toasted." 

" You won't be long down, please God, and my hand and 
word to you, I do not covet the taking of your work from you. 
If you have no other smith yet, I will send my apprentice to 
you without delay." 

" Thank you," says Tim, putting out his sound hand and 
firmly grasping the hand of Owen. 

When the young smith was leaving Nelly caught him by 
the hand, saying, "A thousand blessings on you. I was 
thinking of you, but I feared that even if you did come 
my father would be too surly with you, for I know very well 
he was not too thankful to you." 

" It is not much I can do, but I'll do my best, and you 
know, Nelly, I would do much for your sake." 

" I am very grateful to you, Owen," says Nelly, and a blush 
on her countenance. 


" UA 'p ASAC 50 niAit CAnnop cA pe, A SeAtntnp. UA p 
Un$e AJA A teAbAi-6 A^up cA eA^tA o^m 50 mbei-6 pe Ann 50 p6itt. 
t)uAit puAp eui$e ; cAim-pe 45 t>ut A o'lAppAit) CAnA tnp^e o'n 

t)'pAn SeAmup CAtnAtt mAit A^up nuAifv bi pe initiate -oo 

$ UA-OS A|\ tleitti Cun *oeoC tnp^e puAip -oo tAt>Ai|\c t>6. " Suit) 

\ A' gcAtAoif 50 pCitt, A Tleitti, A CuiT> ; CA ftit) ei^m AgAtn te 

T)o fuit> tleitti A|V An 5CAtAoi|\ AS CAOitt nA 
emnne AICI CA-O T>O t>! 'n-A CeAnn. 

" UA eA^tA o^m 50 mbeAT) im' riiAifurineAC, A Tleitti, 1 n-eA|\bAtt 
mo f AogAit ; ACC bA-6 CutnA tiom -OA bpeicpnn cvipA AJU^ -oo 
temceAn -pem A^AC. 1f "ooCA T)A mbeAt) 50 -pAigmn-fe cumne 
WA1C Ann." 

f AfCA mA|\ A b-ptntim," Aff A tleitti ; 

beit it)' rhAii\cineAC, ni mA|\ fin A t>eit> An f^eAt AJAC, te 

fin, A 5t\At) ; ACc niA|\ fin pem bAt) niAit tiom "O-d 
bpeicmn tu pdfCA." 

'" tli't Aon f onn p6fCA o^vm-f A, A AtAifi, A^uf T>A mbeA-6 pem 
ni Anoif An c-Am Cun beit A^ cuimneAm AI^." 

" UAim-fe "out 1 n-AOif, ACc bAt) m6i\ An -pAfArh Ai^ni-D o-pm e 
oA mbeiteA-fA 1 T)'AIC big -pem. UA peifvm beA^ -6eAf A^ SeAmtjf 
UAittiujvA, ni't ciof C|\om Ai-p, ] cA fiof A^Am nA6 bpuit CAitin 
eite 'f A pAftAdfoe -oo b'freAf^ te SeAmtif A beit mA|\ mnAoi 
'nA cti pem." 

" CAim An-bt>i-6eAC t>o SeAmtif. Hi te heAfbAit) mnA ci$e 
b6i"6 f6 AS popA'O ; ctijAnn A mAtAij\ Ai|\e "oop nA btiAib 
teAtAnn A t>ei|vbfiijif\ An c-AoiteAC A|\ nA pf ACAI. An 

ACA UAlt) AnO1f ? " 

D'ofgAit UAt)5 A fuite. Hi fAib Aon Cumne Ai^e nA beA"6 A 
m$eAn fAfCA te SeAtrm-p -oo p6pAt). t3Am A n-oubAipc -pi An 
c-AnAt "oe A^tif ni ^Aib' -piop Ai^e CA-O T>O b'peA^A t)6 -co t\At> 
1 ^ceAnn CAtriAitt "ovibAi|\c f6 

, A tleitti, 50 -pAbAif pem A^wp SeAmuf UAittiu|\A 

50 te6f te Ceite." 

Af f on nA6 bptJitim no-bui'oeAC "oe J> ocAoib oibfie An 

" 50-0 e An teigeAp A bi Ai^e A1|\ ? " 

" T)A mbeAt) -pe J fA bAite AS UAbAi^c Ai|\e "oA no pem, 'n-Aic 
bA C<5|\A t>(5 beit, docpA-fA AbAite tiom-fA, A^up ni beit)CeA niA|\ 

ACA01 inT)1U." 

" UAOI no-C^uAit) A|\ SeAmuf boCu, A tleitti. Ci'oeAnn cw 511^ 
mime A tA^Ann pe Cun congnAm A tAbAipc t)om-pA nuAi|\ A bim 

Tim the Smith. 3903 

The young smith went home. It was not long after his 
departure when James Tailor came in. Kelly was at the door. 

" How is your father, Nelly ? " 

"You know very well how he is, James. He is lying in 
bed. I fear he will be there awhile yet. Go up to him ; I am 
going for a can of water to the river." 

James stayed a good while, and when he was gone Tim 
called Kelly to bring him a drink of cold water. " Sit on the 
chair awhile, Kelly dear, I have something to say to you." 

Kelly sat in the chair beside the bed, but without any notion 
what was in his head. 

" I am afraid I shall be a cripple, Kelly, in the end of my 
life ; but I would not mind if I saw you in possession of your 
own hearth. I suppose if you had it, I would get a corner from 
you in it." 

" I am content as I am," says Kelly, " and as to your being 
a cripple, that is not how the case will be with you, with 
God's help." 

" Maybe so, Kelly, my dear ; but all the same, I wish I saw 
you married." 

" I have no notion of marrying, father, and, even if I had, 
this is not the time to be thinking of it." 

" I am getting into age, and it would be a great satisfaction 
to my mind if you were in your own place. James Tailor 
has a nice little farm, there is not a heavy rent on it, and t 
know that there is not another girl in the parish he would 
rather have for a wife than yourself." 

" I am very thankful to James. It is not for want of a 
housekeeper he will marry; his mother minds the cows, and 
his sister spreads the manure on the potatoes. Is it a plow- 
woman he wants now? " 

Tim opened his eyes. He had no notion that his daughter 
would not be ready to marry James. What she said took his 
breath away, and he did not know what he had better say, 
but after awhile he said 

" I thought, Kelly, that you and James were very friendly 
with each other." 

" We are, though I am not too thankful to him as to the 
work of yesterday." 

"How could he help it?" 


n6 nuAij\ A bionn obAijv c-porn 


A ctifv 
i>oit\ tAm' 

" t)'feAjAj\A "66 50 m6|A Aipe A tAbAific "DA pAifoe beA$ CAtrhAn. 
tlAc mime 1T>' beAt * An r6 bionn 'n-A > 6jtoCfeij\bifeAC "06 fem, 
bionn fe 'nA feifbifeAC rhAit "oo nA T>Aomib eite.' ' 
" 1f beA^ A f AoiteA"6, A tleitti, n^ o^AnpA |\UT> o|\m." 

iAit tiotn fUT) A > 6,An.Arh o-pc, A AtAi|\ ; ACc rriAf A tnt>6 ^t) 
A' "oorhAin ^Cc 6 p6m ^rhAin ni t)6inn mA\ C6ite 

te n-A tinti fin 

tleittl ^n feomjvA, 

T>O $ot fi 50 


teif Cun Tleitti An 
1 fiopA 

T>ta -A^uf An " 

t>o potMt). t)i f6 

n An "LeAfA tun btui|\e 


A tArh 


cobAC Ajjuf 

cobAc -oo 

** An poj\," A|\f A SeAgAn An leAf A, " 
AS ceACc 6 Cut xSifne A^6i|\ ? " 

" tli't f^ pioit A^uf ni't f^ biA^A^AC," A^f A SAmut\ " Hi't A 
tAttj bfifce, ACc CA fi 5oi^ci$te Cotfi m6|\ fin 50 bptut eA^lA of\m 
nA b6it> Aon tfiAit Ann 50 T)e6. UA An peA|\ botc buA'OAjAtA 50 
te6|t, ACc 'f6 An ixut) if m6 CA ct|\ AIJ\ Anoif, gAn lleitti beit 


iti i Tb6fAT!>, A S^Amuif. tli -putAijt n<5 c4 
S UAt>5, A^uf cA tleitti 'n-A CAitin CiAtt- 


CeAjvoCAn Cun 


lA Af nA t>A|\A6 bi 
cteAtfinAf -oeAncA ITDI^ SeAmuf i m$m An $AbA. 

UA t,Ao$Ai|\e 
l\it nA 

cAtnAtt beA5 
tAmi5 An 
6o$An ceACc Anoif 

A pfAincifeAC obAi|\ An " 
05 6 t)Aite An fhtntmn. 

te tleitti. 

cAinc te UAI^S pem 

eite 6 t)Aite An ttlui tinti 

A|\if nuAi^ A beAt> Am 

50 mime. HtiAi|\ biot) An beijvc -\ "ouine ACA A^ AC CAob "oo'n 
ceme if mo fut) *oo biot) ACA A$ cti|A u|\e 'nA c6ite, i tleitti i mbun 
A n^notA fem cimceAtt nA cifomeAc. tluAif f UA1|\ GojAn f^eAtA 
50 fVAib cteAmnAf focAi|\ 1T)1|\ tleitti A^uf SeAmuf UAittiufA bi 
ACc *oubAi|\c fe teif fem mA'f mA|\ fin "oo bi An 
nA |AAib fe ceA|\c t)6-f An A belt com mime ifceAc 'f AHIAC i 

Tim the Smith. 3905 

" If he were at home attending to his own business, where 
he ought to be, you would have come home with me, and you 
would not be as you are to-day." 

" You are too hard on poor James, Nelly. You see it is 
often he comes to give me help when I am putting tires on 
wheels, or when I have other similar heavy work on hands." 

" It would be much better for him to mind his little bit of 
land. Have I not often heard from your own mouth, ' He who 
is a bad servant for himself is a good one for others '? " 

" I little thought, Nelly, that you would not obey me." 

" I would like to obey you, father; but if there was but him 
alone on the face of the earth, I would not be the partner of 
James Tailor," With that Nelly left the room, and she cried 
bitterly for awhile. 

When James left the smith's house, he was satisfied 
enough. He thought that he had nothing to do but to go and 
bring home the lines in order to marry the smith's Nelly. He 
was without tobacco, and he turned into John of the Lis to 
buy a bit of tobacco. 

" Is it true," said John of the Lis, " that the smith broke 
his hand coming from Killarney last night? " 

" Tisn't true and 'tisn't lying," said James. " His hand 
isn't broken, but it is hurt so much that I am afraid it will 
never be any use. The poor man is troubled enough, and the 
thing that is troubling him most is Nelly to be unmarried." 

;< You'd better marry her yourself, James. It isn't possible 
but Tim has a bit of money, and Nelly is a sensible girl." 

" Maybe I would," said James, and went on home. 

Next morning it was spread all over the parish that there 
was a match made between James and the smith's daughter. 
For a week after the injury to Tim's hand Owen and his 
apprentice did the work of the two forges until Tim got a 
young smith from Milltown. There were few days during the 
week that Owen wasn't at Tim's forge, and a little time talking 
to Tim himself, and maybe to Nelly. 

When the other smith from Milltown came, Tim asked Owen 
to come now and again when he had time; and he often came, 
when the pair of them used to be one at each side of the fire. 
They used to discuss many things while Nelly was about her 
own business in the house. When Owen heard the news, that 
a match was settled between Nelly and James Tailor, he was 
surprised; but he said to himself, if that was the case, it 
wasn't right for himself to be in and out so often at the forge 

3906 UAt> 

oui$ nA ceAjVOCAn. T)'imti5 tA no "66 niAfi feo -j 5x3,11 
eoj;Ain AJ\ ATI sceAjvocAin. AjvfA CAt>5 te tleitti : 
" A bfeACA cu eojAn m"oiu no mT)e ? " 

" ni f eACA," A|\f A tieitti. 

" UA fuit ASAITI nAc bfuit Aon ni AIJ\. Hi t^ib fe Annfo 'tiif 6 
'n-oe ; ni eAt)Af\ CAT> cA A coimeAT>." 

" tli't fMOf A^Ani-fA," A"OUbA1f\C fife, ACC 01 Afh^Af A1C1, mA|\ 

fi fS^At An 

1f *o66A nA ^AAIO GojAn ^G-fAfUA 1 n'Ai^neAt). t)i ponn if 
A1|\. t)At) rhAit teif cuf Af T>O tADAifvc Anonn 50 ceAfv 
fin p6m oi beA^An nAij\e A1|\ geitteAt) 50 
t)i f6 AS obAift 50 "oiAn, ACc bA CuniA -66 belt 
ofottiAom no gndtAc, nio|\ b'^i-oiix teif pofAt) tleitti x>o Cti^ -Af 
A CeAnn. 

Uf\Atn6nA An CA^nA tA, nuAijt "oo bi "oei^eAt) te hobAif\ An tAe 
An 6eA|\T)CA "ouncA, buAit 6o$An c|\eAfnA nA pAi|\ceAnnA, 
bi f6 ^5 cti|A "oe 50 T>cAni5 fe AmA6 A^A An mb6tA|\ i n-Aice 
uige nA ceAf\t)CAn. t)i tleitti A^ An t)O]AAf. 
" CAnnof cA C'ACAI|\, A tleitti ? " A|\fA 6oAn. 
" CA fe "out i bfeAbAf. UAJ\ ifceAc. Hi't fe teAt-uAij\ 6 bi 
fe AS CAinc o^c. t)i lon^nAt) A1|\ 50 |\AbAif Corh f AX>A ^An buAtA-0 

" tli beAT) AS x)tit ifceA6 Anoif, A tleitti. UA -oeAbAt) 
" 'tl 6 fin 6o$An, A tleitti ? " A^f' An $AbA. 

" 'S6, A AtA1|\." 

" CA-O 'n-A tAob nAC bfuit fe ceACc ifceA6 ? " 

'* "Oeijt f e 50 bf uit -oeAbA-o Aiit, A AtAij\." 

" AbAif\ teif ceACc ifceAc. UA jno A^Am tie" 

T)o buAit GogAn ifceAc. 

Aff A An $AbA, " CA -pAbAif te f eACcniAin ? t)iof Cun 
Ct>|\ Anonn CugAC feA6Ainc CAT) A bi o|\c." 

" ! m |\Aib pioc ot\m, ACC 50 f^bAf An-notAC, 
fAoiteAf 50 mbeA-6 ^wo ei^in eite bu|\ scup c|\e 'n-A Ceite ' 
fib A beit A cuirfineArh ojvm-fA." 

" ACc 50 mb6At) mo tArti bACA6 ftAn A^Am Ajtif, A^u 
te "OiA cA fi "out cun cmn 50 ttiAit, ni beAt) Aon ni AS cujv 

"oeirtiin, ni ciiif buAt)A^tA An fgeAt A^Aib, ACC A rhAtAij\c, 
50 n-eijMsit) bu|\ bpOfAt) tib," A^ifA 6o$An, Aguf coCc 'n-^i 

An p6fAt) A|\fA 

bftut tleitti A$uf SeAtntif 
An CA|\Ai$if ?" 

J T)O tleitti pem An fiojA 6 no 

Tim the Smith. 3907 

house. A day or two passed in this way without Owen taking 
a turn to the forge. 

Says Tim to Nelly, " Did you see Owen to-day or yesterday? " 

" I did not," says Nelly. 

" I hope there's nothing wrong with him. He wasn't here 
since 'ere yesterday. I don't know what's keeping him." 

"I don't know," says she; but she had a suspicion, for she 
heard the tale of the match. 

It is likely Owen wasn't very easy in his mind. He was 
between hope and fear. He would like to take a turn over 
to Tim's forge; but for all that, he was a little ashamed to 
admit his trouble of mind. He was working hard, but it was 
all the same to him whether idle or busy, he could'nt put Nelly's 
marriage out of his head. 

On the evening of the second day, when the day's work was 
finished and the forge shut up, Owen went over across the 
fields, and was going ahead until he came out on the road 
close to the forge house. Nelly was at the door. 

" How's your father, Nelly," says Owen. 

" He's improving. Gome in. It isn't half an hour since he 
was speaking of you. He was wondering you were so long 
without dropping in to him." 

" I won't be going in now, Nelly, I'm in a hurry." 

" Is that Owen, Nelly? " says the smith. 
, " Tis, father." 

11 Why isn't he coming in? " 

" He says he is in a hurry, father." 

"Tell him to come in. I want him." 

Owen walked in. 

Says the smith, "Where have you been this week past? I 
was going to send over a message to see what was wrong with 

" Oh, there wasn't a bit wrong with me, but that I was 
very busy, and that I thought you would have other things 
to bother you than for you to be thinking of me." 

" Were my lame hand but better again, and, thank God, it 
is going on well, there would be nothing troubling me." 

" Indeed, your case is not a case of trouble, but the opposite, 
and I hope the marriage will be prosperous," said Owen, with 
a load at his heart. 

"Why, then, what marriage? " said Tim the Smith. 

" Are not Nelly and James Tailor to be married after Lent? " 

" Ask Nelly if it is truth or falsehood." 


" An pioft 6, A neiUi ? " 
" tli't, Aj;ur ni t>eit> 50 

Aft peA-6 CAttiAilt niojt 
A ^1-65," 


Aon'ne oo'n tieit\c 
eo$An, " 50 

fin A 
innfinc CAT) 6 An 



if peAftf A t>uic Ar 
_ _ "oo uif\, A^uf ni _ 
6 tleitti. t)i An pAftj\cifoe v _ 
p UA1^ f 6 fuopCi^in OeAj5 6 JteAnn nA gCoiteAt n^ |\Ait> 
50 t\Ait> pCe punc fp|\6it) 

A ; 

U A 5tt As 


bo miserable cows. 

" lifting," not able to lift themselves owing to winter want. 
A fexvo or 546 fte fexvo every second word, "one word borrowed 


if seAiju-o = if K 6 ^! 1 :r = 1 f S 01 ! 11 " soon, rery soon. 
Ajt m'AtiAtn by my soul. The m is aspirated. 
pAipeA^ dispensation from banns. 
rnuiftte be-Aj; ^1^51-0 a little lump of money. 
Co6c 'nA 6|toi-6e a load at his heart. 
SeAti-5fio5A an old, worthless horse. 

Tim tfte Smith* 3909 


"Is it true, Nelly?" 

" No, and it never will be," says Nelly, and out the door with 

For awhile neither of the pair spoke a word. 

" Maybe, Tim," says Owen, " you'd give Nelly to me? " 

" You'd better put that question to herself." 

And he did, and it is needless tc tell the answer he got from 

The parish was laughing at James Tailor ; but he got a little 
stump from Glennagolagh, who wasn't too young, but who 
had a fortune of twenty pounds. 


fli CA Afv neirh 'f A 
'S A cuij\eAf cAf 1 bpeACAt) 
C ! p5t xeA>OA1iri t lc Anoif, of -AJVO, 
O if te "oo $tAAf A CA me AS full. 

U-A m6 1 n-Aoif, A*f "oo C^ion mo 

1f lonrbA tA m6 ^5 "out 
*Oo tuic m 
c-d H 

bi rn6 65 b'otc 1-AT) mo 
m<5t\ mo fp^if 1 fct^ip f 1 
tiom 50 mo^ ^5 imi|\c 'f .45 ot 

tiom fui-oe n Aice OAiUn 615 
114 te mnAoi 6fCA ^ 
T)o mionnxMD mojvA "oo bi 

no p6ice nio|\ teig me 

-An tib-Ailt, mo 6^*6 'f mo tetm I 
1f e mitt An f Ao$At m-Ap jeAtt A^ bei|\c i 
'f 6 V C01 t^ -A 11 ctvAOf ACA mife fiof, 
\ m'AnAm/boCc. 

T)oib niA 
mt) btJAit AnuAf Af\ mo CotAinn 
Rig nA 5toi|\e 'guf CAi\|\tAi$ 

* Literally : O King, who art in Heaven and who created st Adam, and 
who payest regard to the sin of the apple, I scream to Thee again and 
aloud, for it is Thy grace that I hope for. I am in age, and my bloom 
has withered, many a day am I going astray, I have fallen into sin more 
than nine fathoms (deep), but the graces are in the hands of the Lamb. 

When I was young, evil were my accomplishments, great was my 


[From Douglas Hyde's edition of " Songs ascribed to Raftery," page 356.] 

King of Heaven, who didst create 
The man who ate of that sad tree, 

To Thee I cry, oh turn Thy face, 

Show heavenly grace this day to me.* 

Though shed be now our bloom of youth, 

And though in truth our sense be dull, 
Though fallen in sin and shame I am, 

Yet God the Lamb is merciful. 

When I was young my ways were evil, 

Caught by the devil I went astray ; 
On sacred mornings I sought not Mass, 

But I sought, alas ! to drink and play. 

Married or single, grave or gay, 
Each in her way was loved by me, 

1 shunned not the senses' sinful sway, 
I shunned not the body's mastery. 

From the sin of the apple, the crime of two, 

Our virtues are few, our lusts run free, 
For my riotous appetite Christ alone 

From His mercy's throne can pardon me. 

Ah, many a crime has indeed been mine, 

But grant to me time to repent the whole, 
Still torture my body and bruise it sorely, 

Thou King of Glory, but save the soul. 

delight in quarrels and rows. I greatly preferred playing or drinking 
on a Sunday morning to going to Mass. I did not like better to sit 
beside a young girl than by a married woman on a rambling-visit awhile. 
To great oaths (I was) given, and lustfulness and drunkenness, I did not 
let (pass) me by. The sin of the apple, my destruction and my grief ! 
it is that which destroyed the world on account of two. Since gluttony 
is a crime I am down (fallen) unless Jesus shall have mercy on my poor 


Ait]M$e An 

An tA A'P niof 65 m6 An 
Ho gti^ iteAtyf ATI bxf\|A Ann Aft 
^if\>o-t\i$ An Ceifit, Anoif 




A ptiuc mo full; 

1f te -oo itAf A -DO tAn cu 

xX'f f AO|A cti > OAibi > T>O jtmne An 
t)o tus cu ITlAoife fUn 6'n 

fAO|\ CU An 



mo t>t\6in c2l mo 
ITlA|\ fe6it m6 An fcop AI\ An 



OC ! 

CA" t^n "oe 

ion t>en 
cu An 

mif e. 

O A Tof A 

A'f "oo 


A o'futAinx; An 

mA|\ "oo bi cu timAt, 

t>Ai|\ mo 

CAbAi|\ "OAm cut. 


A 5 f nAom, 



Ct>iiD|ti-6" i 

i n-Aic "comAijice," .7. "oi-oionn. 

It is on me, alas ! that the great crimes are, but I shall reject them if 
I live for a while (longer), beat down everything upon my body yet, O 
King of Glory, but save my soul. The day has stolen away, and I have 
not raised the hedge, until the crop in which Thou delightedst was 
eaten. But, O High King of the Right, settle my case, and with the 
flood of graces wet mine eye. It was by Thy graces Thou didst cleanse 
Mary, and didst save David who made repentance, and Thou broughtest 
Moses safe from drowning, and, O Merciful Christ, rescue me. For I 

Eaftenfs Reven'ance. 3913 

The day is now passed, yet the fence not made, 
The crop is betrayed, with its guardian by ; 

King of the Right, forgive my case, 
With the tears of grace bedew mine eye. 

In the flood of Thy grace was Mary laved, 

And David was saved upon due repentance, 
And Moses was brought through the drowning sea, 

O Christ, upon me pass gracious sentence. 

For I am a sinner who set no store 
By holy lore, by Christ or Mary ; 

1 rushed my bark through the wildest sea, 
With the sails set free, unwise, unwary. 

O King of Glory, O Lord divine, 

Who madest wine of the common water, 
Who thousands hast fed with a little bread, 

Must I be led to the pen of slaughter ! 

Jesus Christ to the Father's will 
Submissive still who wast dead and buried, 

1 place myself in Thy gracious hands 

Ere to unknown lands my soul be ferry'd. 

Queen of Paradise, mother, maiden, 
Mirror of graces, angel and saint, 

1 lay my soul at thy feet, grief-laden, 
And I make to Mary my humble plaint. 

am a sinner who never made a store, or (gave) great satisfaction to God 
or to Mary, but, cause of my grief ! my crimes are before me, since I 
sailed my scud (aliter score) upon the longest finger (i.e., put things off). 

O King of Glory, who art full of grace, it was Thou who madest 
beoir and wine of the water ; with a little bread Thou didst provide 
for the multitude, oh, attend to, help, and save me. Jesus Christ, 
who didst suffer the passion and wast buried, because Thou wast humble, 
I placo the shelter of my soul under Thy protection, and at the hour of 
my death turn not Thy back upon me. 


Aitfi$e An 

*1101f CA ttt6 1 n-AOIf V Af tifUAC Atl bA1f, 

*S if seAff An fP A f 5 t>ceiim 1 n-ui 
ACc if 6Af\f 50 -oeifeAnnAC nA 50 bfAt, 

nA nt)uU 

1f cuAitle An rhAit me i 

Ho if cofrhuH te bA-o m6 A CAitt A 

T)0 t)lMfpt)e AfC6A6 A n-A^Alt) CALAIS 'f A 

'S "oo GeiTieAt) IDA t)AtAt> 'fnA conncAit) 

A TofA Cfiiofc A puAift bAf *OiA ti-x\oine, 
A "0*61^1$ A|\if Ann x>o fig ^An toCc, 

llA6 cu tug An Cflige te Aitf\i$e "oo 

'S nA6 beA5 An fmuAineAt) "oo finneAf of c ! 

T)o ^A^tA, Af t)cuf, mite 'f ofc 
An pCe 50 beACc, 1 gceAnn An 
C'n Atn tuifvlms C^iofC t)o |\eb An 
50 t)d An t)UAt)Ain A 

* Aliter, "If cuAitte coji me 1 n-eA'OAti pAit," G. 
j- zzrpAiftfge. Aliter, *' Af bjiuAC nA cfA." 
Aliter, "t)ei-6eA-6 'JA bAcA-o Y A 6AittfeA-6 A 

; alitcr 

aliter, " fiu$At " ; ACC 

AH tine te coriifUAim t>o 

Queen of Paradise, mother and maiden, mirror of graces, angel and 
saint, I place the protection of my soul in thy hand, O Mary, refuse me 
not, and I shall be saved. 

Now I am in age, and on the brink of the death, and short is the 
time till I go into the ground, but better is late than never, and I 
appeal for kindness to (or perhaps, *' I proclaim that I am on th side 
of ") the King of the elements. 

1 am a worthless wattle in a corner of a hedge, or I am like a boat 

Raftery's Repentance. 3915 

Now since I am come to the brink of death 
And my latest breath must soon be drawn, 

May heaven, though late, be my aim and mark 
From day till dark, and from dark till dawn. 

I am left like a stick in a broken gap, 
Or a helmless ship on a sunless shore, 

Where the ruining billows pursue its track, 
While the cliffs of death frown black before. 

O Jesus Christ, who hast died for men, 
And hast risen again without stain or spot, 

Unto those who have sought it Thou showest the way, 
Ah, why in my day have I sought it not ! 

One thousand eight hundred years of the years, 
And twenty and twelve, amid joys and fears, 
Have passed since Christ burst hell's gates and defences, 
To the year when Raftery made this Repentance. 

that has lost its rudder, that would be beaten in against a rock in the 
ocean, and that would be a-drowning in the cold waves. O Jesus Christ, 
who didst die on a Friday, and didst rise again as a faultless King, was 
it not Thou who gavest me the way to make repentance, and was it 
not little that I thought about Thee ? There first happened one 
thousand and eight hundred (years), and twenty exactly, in addition to 
twelve, from the time that Christ descended, who burst the gates, until 
the year when Raftery made the "Repentance." 



(teif An 


ctoit>eAtfi A J 

uAiE> An Cui5, cA 'n OxScA cAitce, 
r5Fi ot) nA n AbfOAit nA nAoirh 'f An 
An CoinneAlt te rnuCA'6 Ctig tuicei|\ tAfCA teif, 

An ctlAn 'f b6i-6 An U AS nA CACOtCAi$, 

An mriwrhAn ct\e tAfAt) *f An Cnuif -O'A pt6it). 

tnurhAn A^A fiuttAt, 'f ni 
t)eACrhAt) A*f ciof 
con^nArh A*f i^e [t)o] feAf Afh 

' bftii$ce i 
t)|\eiteArti A'f Jt^yt ! "OC6A6 cuij\ce 
mA|\b, 'f An C|\6m A|\ 

A|\ Aif ACA, 
bAite ' 

" 1115-066111 " YAH ms. 

t 'S e 

" coifce" AH c-Ainm ceAjtr coi6cionn A6c oeift AH UeA6cu|iAc " Ju|iy " te 
t)A," no coiti-fUAim, t>o -oeAnAth te "cut" Atif "bjtuijce." 

* Literally: Rise ye up, the course is drawing near to you, let ye have 
sword and spear with sharp edge, not-far-off from you in the [mystic num- 
ber] *' Five," the date is expired, as have written the apostles, the saints, 
and the clergy. The candle is to be quenched which Luther brought lit 
with him, but go ye on your knees and ask a petition. Pray ye the 
Lamb and the day shall be won by the Catholics, Munster is on fire, and 
GUIS da pie i.e., the cause is a-pleading. 

t This would make it appear that Raftery composed his song in 1833 
or 1834, since the tithe war did actually come to a successful issue in 
1835, and in the same year Thomas Drummond inaugurated a new regime 
at Dublin Castle. 

t Pronounced " Koosh daw play," which means " the cause a-pleading." 

The two provinces of Munster are afoot, and will net stop till tithes 

be overthrown by them, and rents according, and if help were given 



(From "The Religious Songs of Connacht.") 

Rise up and come, for the dawn is approaching,* 

With sword, and with spear, and with weapon to slay, 

For the hour foretold by the saints and apostles, 
The time of the " FIVE "f is not far away. 

We'll quench by degrees the light of the Lutherns. 

Down on your knees, let us pray for the Southerns, 

God we shall please with the prayers of the Catholics, 
Munster's afire and Cuis da ple.J 

There's a fire afoot in the Munster provinces ; 
It's "down with the tithes and the rents we pay."|| 

When we are behind her, and Munster challenges, 
The guards of England must fall away. 

Though Orangemen grudge our lives, the fanatics, 

We'll make them budge, we accept their challenges ; 

W T e'll have jury and judge in the courts for Catholics, 
And England come down in the Cuis da pie*. 

them and [we were] to stand by Ireland the [English] guards would be 
tee bio, and every gap [made] easy. The Galls (i.e., English) will be on 
their back, without ever returning again, and the Orangemen bruised 
in the borders of every town, a judge and a jury in the courtr-house for 
the Catholics, England dead, and the crown on the Gael. 

|| From this verse it appears that some at least of the peasantry, even 
at that early period, distinctly associated the struggle against tithes with 
the idea of a possible struggle against rents. Very few appear to have 
seen this at the time, though Dr. Hamilton, the collection of whose 
tithes led to the sanguinary affair of Carrickshock, m Kilkenny, where no 
less than 28 of the police were killed and wounded, said to the spokes- 
man of a deputation of the peasantry who waited on him, " I tell you 
wkat it is, you are refusing to pay tithes now ; you will refuse to pay 
rents by and by." To which the spokesman of the peasantry retorted, 
" There is a great difference, sir, between tithes and rents ; we get some 
value for the rents, we get the land anyway for them ; but we get no 
value at all for the tithes." The incredibly bitter feelings engendered 
by the struggle at Carrickshock, in 1831, found vent in an English 
ballad founded on an Irish model, one verse of which I heard from my 
friend Michael Cavanagh, of Washington, D.C., who was once private 
secretary to John O'Mahony, and author of the " Life of Meagher, who 
was himself "raised" in that neighbourhood. This verse struck me as 
being so revoltingly savage and at the same time so good a specimen or 

3918 <&" Cuif TD'A ptei-6; 

"belt) A^Ainn FA01 CliA-ps pleAj\ACA ' 
Ot A'f imi-[\c A J f fpOju; T)A feij\, 
triAife '^uf totAt Ajuf -pAf AJ\ 

fit) pAn A 5 f ne-Arh-^T) A|\ Sti-ACf ATIA 
te p^n A^uf teA^At) A J f te^t\ (?) 
cn^rh Ann 5^6 Ap-o ^5 nA CACOICAI$', 
'S nAC fin i gAn bi\At)AC (?) An Cnuif -o' 

1f lonrbA peA|\ b^eA$ PAOI An cf AC f o ceit^te* 
O CnofiCA 50 ti-1nnif 'f 50 t)Aite KoifC|\6, 

bAnA te p-dn AS irnteACc 
O fiaiT> Cnitle-CnAinni$ 50 " t)AnctM t)Ae." 

An CAJVOA 'f beit) t^rh rhAit 
An rhA-6 A|\ CtA^ nA n-imi|\Ce, 
X)A t>peicpmn-fe An |\AfA o pno|\ctAif5e 50 
Snemnfrmn 50 "oeirhm An Cnuip "D'A pteit>. 

An pocAt f o tnx3k|i " cticie." 1f pocAt coir6ionn i 
"fci fe ceitgte " Agtif "ChtiAiti bueiteATtiriAf TIA cui|tce 

Irish vowel-rhyming, that it were a pity not to preserve it. It runs 
thus, as well as I can remember it 

" Oh, who could desire to see better sporting, 

Than the peelers groping among the rocks, 
With skulls all fractured, and eyeballs broken, 

Their fine long noses and ears cut off! 
Their roguish sergeant with heart so hardened, 

May thank his heels that so nimbly ran, 
But all that's past is but a token, 

To what we'll show them at Slieve-na-man !" 

It is worth mentioning that the Kilkenny peasants who made this 
desperate attack gave their words of command in Irish, and, no doubt, 
felt that they were the " Gael " once more attacking the " Gall." 

The " Cuis da Pie." 3919 

When Easter arrives we'll have mirth and revelry,* 

Eating and drinking, and sport, and play, 
Beautiful flowers, and trees, and foliage, 

Dew on the grass through the live-long day.f 
We'll set in amaze the Gall and the Sassenach, 
Thronging the ways they will all fly back again, 
Our fires shall blaze to the halls of the firmament, 

Kindling the chorus of Cuis da pie. 

There are many fine men at this moment a-pining 
From Ennis to Cork, and the town of Roscrea, 
And many a Whiteboy in terror a-flying 

From the streets of Kilkenny to Bantry Bay. 
But there's change on the cards and we'll now take a hand again, 
Our trumps show large, let us play them manfully, 
Boys, when ye charge them from Birr into Waterford, 
It is I who shall lilt for you the Cuis da pie. t 

Joseph Sheridan Lefanu, almost the best of our Anglo-Irish novelists, 
prophesied of the landlords who looked on quiescent during the tithe 
war : " Never mind, their time will come ; rents will be attacked aa 
tithes are now, with the same machinery and with like success/' " His 
prophecy," says his brother, W. R. Lefanu, "was laughed at." Long 
after, one who had heard him said to him, " Well, Lefanu, your rent 
war hasn't come." All he said was, " 'Twill come, and soon, too," as 
it did. 

* By Easter we shall have revelry and company, drinking and playing, 
and sport according ; there shall be beauty and blossom and growth on 
trees, fairness and fineness and dew upon the grass. Ye shall see 
falling-off and contempt on the Sassenachs, our enemy precipitated, and 
overthrow and defeat (?) upon them, bonfires in every art, (i.e., point of 
the compass) for the Catholics, and is not that, and nothing over, the 
Cuis da pie. 

tThe Celtic imagination of this verse, and its "revolt against the 
despotism of fact," is characteristic in the highest degree of the Irish 

J There is many a fine man at this time sentenced, from Cork to Ennis 
and the town of Roscrea. and White Boys wandering, and departing from 
the street of Kilkenny to Bantry Bay. But tho cards shall turn, and 
we shall have a good hand ; the trump shall stand on the board we play 
at. If I were to see the race on f hem [i.e., them driven to fly] from 
Waterford to Birr, I would sing you indeed the Cuis da pie. 

3920 An Cuir "O'A 

Af\ An scnoc A^uf j;tACAi$ ttujv 

A 5^^f A A 'f ^^* f ' n 
t)iot> AgxMt) meifne^C, if t)|\e^$ AH 
Ann gAC Ait\t) t) 

t)Aitit) An ctAn *f b^it) nA c^'o^i-O ceACc 
CtAi-6e Af t-dirh, Anoif, ftAince TlAipcetMt), 

t)Aitt A An Cui -O'A 

* Rise up and proceed all of yon, come upon the hill and take your 
equipment, God has the graces, and He shall be in your company. Let 
ye have courage ; it is a fine story [I have to tell you], ye shall gain the 

The "Cuis da Pie." 3921 

Up then and come in the might of your thousands, 

Stand on the hills with your weapons to slay ; 
God is around us and in our company, 
Be not afraid of their might this day. 
Our band is victorious, their cards are valueless, 
Our victory glorious, we'll smash the Sassenachs, 
Now drink ye in chorus, " Long life to Raftery," 
For it'j he who could sing you the Cuis da J>16.* 

day in every quarter from the Sassenachs. Strike ye the board and the 
cards will be coming to you. Drink out of hand now a health to 
Raftery ; it is he who would put success for you on the Ciiis da pie. 





1f pAT>A 6 cuitteA-O pof 50 t)CiticpAt) f 6 ' 

50 nt)6ijAcpi'6e puit 'f 50 nTDeunpAibe 
T)o f\ein mA|\ rsfviott nA nAoini t mt>liA > 6Ain An HAOI* c.d 'n 


1TIA gSittimit) *oo'n f^ttiopcui 
An DAltA t)eunuA|\ -pt>A|\ m pAnAnn f6 A 

An Aic A n-oeACAit) An c-Aot ni Cof\6CAi-0 cloC Af 




1f fiot\]\tnt)e feAn An Cnuif\c r>o 

ACc 'f 6 tfteAfAim-fe 5ti|\ m-6 nAC 
UA tlAOTfi peAt)A|\ te n-A t)ft>AC Aguf C|\!of c [-00] Ceuf An 
fiA*o nA n-Ain te Ceite. 

An c-OCc T>O 

jut A J f 

O^Angemen " 50 


A|\iArh An " conf ACjtACion. 

* 1f coftfiuil 50 fXAift AH 

'S An f otAnAn 
Seinnp-6 AH 
1r>in A h-occ 

feo 1 g-ctnthne Ag AH 
Ati teoifiAn A neA]\c 

50 binn binn 

1-p coi'inuiL 50 meAj*5Ann fe An 
ceile ! l>AbAi^\ceA|\ " b^ogAt " triAn " bAoijeAi " Ann f o, AC 

" "OA bpoi^peA'6 ^e o'xi nAnn oeunpA'6 
" t>e '* nAothcA " ! 


* No doubt Raftery is alluding to the old prophecy scarcely yet for- 
gotten, which may be thus translated : 

" When the tawny Lion shall lose its strength, 

And the bracket Thistle begin to pine, 
Sweet, sweet shall the wild Harp sound at length, 
Between the Eight and the Nine." 




How long has it been said that the world should be bled, 

And blood flow red like a river? 
In the year of the "NINE," when the crimson moon shall shine, 

(It stands written in the Scripture for ever). 
The wall that has been built where no blood-cement is spilt 

Slips forth from its uncertain foundation, 
But where blood has gone and lime, it shall stand through tide 
and time, 

As a bulwark and a rock to the nation.f 

Everlasting is the court that they thought to make their sport ; 

But that court can stand wind, rain, and weather? 
St. Peter is on guard, with Christ to watch and ward, 

And to gather all his lambs in, together. 
Adultery and lust began the game at first, 

When Henry the Eighth ruled the nation ; 
But shout and rout pursue that bloody Orange crew, 

Never favored by our Lord's consecration. \ 

Literally: "When the Lion shall lose his strength and the speckled 
thistle his vigor, the harp shall play sweetly, sweetly, between the 
Eight and the Nine." In another poem of his called the "History of 
the Bush," he alludes to a prophecy that the " Gaels would score a point 
in the 29th year." 

t Literally : It is long since it was set down that it would come into 
the world that blood should be spilt and slaughter made, according as 
the saints wrote, in the year of the Nine is the danger, if we submit to 
the Holy Scripture. The wall which is built cold [i.e., without mortar] 
it does not stay long up, it slips from the bad foundation, but where the 
lime went, a stone shall not move out of it forever; the rock is under it 
settled, which shall not burst. 

| Everlasting and ancient is the Court that it was thought to bring 
down, but 'tis what I think, that it is a thing impossible, St. Peter is at 
its brink (i.e., by it side), and Christ, whom the multitude crucified, and 
they will keep the lambs together. Adultery and lust began the story 
first, and Henry VIII. who forsook his consort, but vengeance, running 
and rout [fall] speedily on the Orangemen, who never got the con- 


o cuif\eA-6 

J\ An IM, 

"Do C|\utAi AH fAt) -An cme -OAonnA, 
1f lonrOA co|\ 'fAn nsAoit, ACc ni UA 'nA 'f An CfAo$At, 

1 f fce^S An CAOI te' Opuijimif fvei-OceAC: 
"00 fAoit An eA$tAif tAbAij\c |:AOI t>ti$e 

X^5 Ctf\ AnA$Alt) An t)6AtA nAOriltA, 

fi i n^eitnonn fiof A J f twicei^ te n-A 
'5 ^ oc 5 cjuiAit) pAoi An 

An -pp6|\c An "o^eAm "oo fAoit AJ\ n 
5o mbu-6 eigm T)6it) A t)6cA -DO feunAt), 
'f "UittiAm "oo tionf^Ain gteo A'f "oo Cui^ nA 

niof mO 
t)AinpeAf clog 'fAn R6irh, t>6i-6 ceinnce cn^rti A*f cefit, 

Ann Y SAC beA^ Ajtif [S AC ] ^^t^ c f e 6ifinn, 
O tAinis SeCiffe 1 5-ct\6in CA O^An^emen -pAOi 
neA|\c ACA A ff 6n t)o 

fo-pA tetifCA i gcfAnn nA ^eu6 A|\ tAjt An 
TlAf tiiot An tteAn -o'cit tu A^ Aon Cop, 
tuicei|\ 'f A t)ti$e CAm 'f An btmA-6 C|\eit)e-Af Ann 
HAC otc An ceAju; 50 t>pui$it)if 

'f pio|\ "oo O|\An5emen ni't niAit "oo'n 
'SA CfotugAt) A|\ put) te tei$eA"6 A 
eusc6i|\ -pionAit 'f peAtt A^uf ctifeAt) ctAinne 
T)'iompAi$ An t)iobtA Anonn ' 

A|* 1 n- 
1 mbeu^tA 

(= "6ipnn "). nA ceuo 
nA foctA fo AfceAC Ann 

* On rising up of you and on your lying down, think ye upon the King 
who created, throughout, the human race ; there is many a change in 
the wind, but not more plentiful than are in the world, and it is a little 
way through which we might find rescue. Isabel (i.e., Elizabeth), who 
thought to bring the Church under law, opposing the holy life, she is 
down in chains, and Luther at her side paying dearly for the Reformation. 

How long has it been said? 3925 

Whene'er ye rise or lie, think upon God on high, 

And practise all his virtues we need them 
This strange world changes fast, as change both wind and blast ; 

From a small thing may arise our freedom. 
Elizabeth, who thought Faith might be sold and bought, 

And who harassed all the just of the nation, 
In chains she now is tied with Luther at her side, 

They are paying for their " Reformation."* 

Dear God ! but this is play ! they thought to burn and slay, 

But their courage ebbs away down to zero ; 
Their William clad in mail, who left in chains the Gael, 

They shall never again see that hero. 
A bell is rung in Rome, it says our triumph's come, 

With bonfires, and music, and cheering, 
Since George is on the throne the Orangemen make moan, 

They run cold in every bone they are fearing ! f 

O Christ for us who died, we never sold Thy bride, 

Do not see us set aside we beseech Thee ; 
But they who sing the praise of Luther's crooked ways, 

Shall their impious petitions reach Thee ! 
The Orangemen assert that our clergy are but dirt, 

Insulting us since Luther's arrival ; 
May treachery and shame be their lot who bear the blame 

Of turning into English the Bible. \ 

t Oh, God ! is it not great the sport, the Jot that thought to burn us, 
how they had to deny their vote? And William, who began the fight, 
and who put the Gael out of their way, they shall see him no more 
prepared [for fight}. A bell shall be struck in Rome, there shall be 
bonfires and music in every little and in every great [place] throughput 
Erin. Since George came to the throne the Orangemen are under grief, 
and without power to blow their nose. 

| O Jesus crucified on tree, do not see the people put down who never 
sold the woman who reared thee, on any consideration; but Luther and 
his crooked way, and the family that believe in him, is it not a bad right 
that they should get submission. If it is true for the Orangemen, there 
is no use for the clergy in their talk, and the proof of that, Ireland has to 
read, that it is injustice, murder and treachery, and the deception (?) 
of the children of the Galls that turned the Bible over into English. 




ChuAtAi'6 me, tnunAt) b]\e5, 50 t>ciucf Ait) f6 fAn Cf Ae$Al 
^o s-cuijvpi-be niAisifci^ teim Ann SAC cumne, 

tli optut 'f^ 11 5 c ^f ACc fseirn* AS rneAttA-6 UAinn An 
Asuf "oiutcAigi-o -00 notAisio 

CjAei-oit) oo'n Cteip 'f nA cei-oit) A^ 
Tlo CAittpt) fib 1TIAC T)6 'f A 

*S An tons fo 6t>Ai-6 A 1,615 (?) niA t^nbeAnn fitt Ann -oe 
fi A'f b^it) fib 

T)1A, CA An 

^oCAit) f6 
X\n ftiocc 1 5-CAt nA 1 




U-i CtAnnA 5^tt 'n Ap nT)iAi$ IDAJA oei'oeA'o niAT)|\A AttA AJ\ 
t)neit)' AS 1A|\|\A1'6 An c-uAn T)O 501*0 o'n rhAtAi]A. 
ff] O CeAttAi5 "6eunf A"6 A opA'OAC ^An cu $An eAC 


' ctirhACc \i nA n 


tli't fieA'o6ijA t^un nA 

HAC rnbionn A^ piocAt) 
A mbiobtA A|A bAf\f A mAf\, 

Ace focf AIT!) fiAT) i nt)ei|\e ciiife. 

6i$eAn A 
te AJV' > oub|\A > 6, 
'[S] At)ei|\ 50 ptAiteAf T)6 nAc fACAi-6 neAC 50 n-e5 
AS pte te teAbtiAio 


*I heard, unless it be a lie, tliat it shall come in the world that a 
master of learning shall be placed in every corner. There is nothing in 
the case but a scheme deceiving the flock from us, and refuse ye the 
works of Luther. Believe in the clergy and go not exchanging grass, 
[i.e., remain on your own pasture] or ye shall lose the Son of God and 
His power, and this ship that went to ruin (?), if ye go into it of a 
leap, it will turn and ye shall be underneath it. 

How long has it been soid? 3927 


I heard, if it be true, a rumor strange and new, 

That they mean to plant schools in each corner; 
The plan is for our scaith, to steal away our faith, 

And to train up the spy and suborner. 
Our clergy's word is good, oh seek no other food, 

Our church has God's own arm round her ; 
But if ye will embark on this vessel in the dark, 

It shall turn in the sea and founder.* 

But thanks be to the Lord, Father Bartley is our sword, 

Set fast in our midst as a nail is ; 
'Tis he shall guard the sheep, his clan was not for sleep, 

He will stand against the Burkes and the Dalys.t 
The Gall is on our tracks, like wolves that rage in packs, 

They seek to tear the lamb from the mother ; 
But O'Kelly is our hound, and to hunt them he is bound, 

Till we see them fall to tear one another. J 

The man who weaves our frieze, the cobbler who tells lies, 

They lead learned authors now! cause for laughter 
Their Bible on their lips and at their finger tips ! 

But they'll pay for it all hereafter. 
A blind unlettered man expounds to you his plan, 

Raftery, whose heart in him is burning, 
Who bids ye all to know that none to heaven can go 

On the strength of their Luther's learning. 

+ The Dalys of Dunsandie, no doubt. 

J Render thanks to God, Father Bartley [i.e., Bartholomew] is in the 
West, and he will keep guard over the sheep, he is of the race that in 
battle or conflict never sold the passion [perhaps a mistake for " sold the 
pass "1, and he will stand against Burkes and Dalys. The children of the 
Gall are after us, as it were wolves upon the mountains, that wouM 
be seeking to steal the lamb from the mother; but O'Kelly will hunt 
them without hound, horse, or bridle, by the will and the power of the 
King of the Graces. 

There is not a weaver of lawn or frieze, or a cobbler after his day, 
that does not be picking lies out of authors, their Bible on the top of 
their fingers, assuring and perjuring; but they shall pay at the end of 
the case, A man without sight, without learning [it is] who expounds 
to you the story, Raftery. who listened to all that was said, and who 
says that to the heaven cf God no one shall ever go who will be pleading 
with the books of Luther. 


Att t)0em Aft 
(teif An "n^ASAn 5tAf.") 

A "OiA gup 501^1*0 
An u-dip 'f An tA 
A bpeicpirni'o SACfAn-d 
AJA tAj\ I 


An tA 'gtif An 
A bpeicpirni-o 1 

A'f A C|\oit>e-fe 50 

*S i 

An co|\ Ann A 
^An cop Ann A cj\oit>e. 


1361-6 An t>AiniAio$Ain 
50 Cftdi-Oce A'f 50 

An tA fin, A' 

nA f otA ' 
T)o t!)6it\c fi ' 
nA tip eAp 
ftut nA 

5Cfoit)e fin 

T)o tttuf f 1 ' 5 C1 
Cf oi'ote t>i bAn 


tAC n 

UA -D'A mbAnt>A'6 
CnArhA nA mt)An 

cnAniA nA nT)uE> 

An OCA|AA1f 

fi A|\ tonn, 
nA bpiAbtvAf 
fi te ponnj 



O God, may it come shortly, 

The hour and this day, 
When we shall see England 

Utterly overthrown. 

O God, may it shortly come, 

This day and this hour, 
When we shall see her 

And her heart turned cold. 

It is she was a Queen, 

A Queen without sorrow ; 
But we will take from her, 

One day her Crown. 

That Queen that was beautiful 
Will be tormented and darkened, 

For she will get her reward 
In that day, and her wage. 

Her wage for the blood 

She poured out on the streams; 

Blood of the white man, 
Blood of the black man. 

Her wage for those hearts 
That she broke in the end; 

Hearts of the white man, 
Hearts of the black man. 

Her wage for the bones 

That are whitening to-day; 
Bones of the white man, 
the black man. 

Her wage for the hunger 
That she put on foot ; 

Her wage for the fever, 

That is an old tale with her. 


tuAc nA 

Cuij\ fi AH t>iot\. 

fi Cum 



T)o tub fi 'f "oo t>|\if, 
A mittiun ; 


t)o tuic te n-A Unnj 


Hi 6ifceAnn An 

te mAttACc HA 
Ace eifcpt) Se Coitxie 

Le oftiA f AOI t)e6i|\. 

Se coittce 
e CAomeAt) rA 
'S c4 CAoince HA 

The Curse of the Boers on England. 3931 


Her wage for the white villages 

She has left without men ; 
Her wage for the brave men 

She has put to the sword. 

Her wage for the orphans 

She has left under pain ; 
Her wage for the exiles 

She has spent with wandering. 

For the people of India 

(Pitiful is their case) ; 
For the people of Africa 

She has put to death. 

For the people of Ireland, 

Nailed to the cross ; 
Wage for each people 

Her hand has destroyed. 

Her wage for the thousands 

She deceived and she broke ; 
Her wage for the thousands 

Finding death at this hour. 

O Lord, let there fall 

Straight down on her head 
The curse of the peoples 

That have fallen with us. 

The curse of the mean, 
And the curse of the small, 

The curse of the weak 
And the curse of the low. 

The Lord does not listen 
To the curse of the strong, 

But He will listen 
To sighs and to tears. 

He will always listen 

To the crying of the poor, 
And the crying of thousands 

Is abroad to-night. 


nA CAomce 
50 T)IA, CA 

til JM-OA 50 

5 AC mAllACc A 

t>ei-6 ctiriiACc, An Li fit 

AS 5-A6 uite -6e6|\ 
tons-cosAi-6 -oo bAtA-6 




A *66rhnAitt 615, 




A *Oonti6A'6A "DO 6iji 



Anonn c 

CA cut pionn Ajtif && fuit $tAf A 
*OA CocAn "O^AS 1*0' cut 
A-bC no 





1f ctj it) 
'S 50 

A|\ -put) nA 


T)o $eAttAif "OArh-f A, 

^o mbeiteA potfiAm-f A AS C|\6 nA 

T)o teigeAf feA-o A 

'S ni bptiA]\Af Ann ACc uAn A 

t)Afh-fA, ni bA 

6i|v PA 6pAnn-f eoit 
bAite -OCAS "oo bAitcib 

AOtt)A CO1f CAOb 


The Grief of a Girl's Heart. 3933 


That crying will rise up 

To God that is above ; 
It is not long till every curse 

Comes to His ears. 

Every single tear 

Shall have power in that day, 
To whelm a warship 

In the great deep. 

And they shall fall for a curse 

Heavily upon the people 
Who have left Africa a waste 

And the Boers in poverty. 



O Donall og, if you go across the sea, bring myself with you and 
do not forget it; and you will have a sweetheart for fair days and 
market days, and the daughter of the King of Greece beside you at 

It is late last night the dog was speaking of you; the snipe was 
speaking of you in her deep marsh. It is you are the lonely bird 
through the woods ; and that you may be without a mate until you 
find me. 

You promised me, and you said a lie to me, that you would be 
before me where the sheep are flocked ; I gave a whistle and three 
hundred cries to you, and I found nothing there but a bleating lamb. 

You promised me a thing that was hard for you, a ship of gold 
under a silver mast ; twelve towns with a market in all of them, and 
a fine white court by the side of the sea. 


CumA Ct\oi-6e 

T)o eAttAif T>Am-fA, n! 

50 T)citibjvt.<i tAimmne *oo cj\oiceAn 

^o "ocitibntA b^o^A T)O 

1f cutAi>6 -DD'H cfiox>A bA 

"DAm ; 

A t)omnAitt 01$, 
'HA beAn uAf At tJAibf\eAC 
T)o Cjxu'Op-AniTi bo -A^uf o 
, t)o 

i n 


oinc ; 

OC, o6n, A^uf ni te lioc|\Af, 
tht\eAf DA bi-6, > oi$e, nA co-otACA, 


1f moC A^ rnAi'oin T)o ContiAC-f A AH t- 
Afv mtmi CApAitt AS 5AbAit An t>6tAif\ ; 
tiom if 


oftm ; 
*S Af mo CAf At) AbAite "DAm 'f eA"6 *oo goiteAf mo TiCtAiH: 

C6i*im-fe peiti 50 UOOAJA AH 
Stn*6im fiof AS "oeATiAm buAt)A|\CA, 

HtJA1|A (Mm AH f AOgAt 1f HA 6161111 1TJO 
50 |\Alb fSAlt AH 6mA1|\ 1 mt)A^|\ A 

e AH T)omHA6 "oo C 
AH T)omnAC T>i|\eAC j\oim 
If mife A|\ mo $tumib A 
bi mo t>A uit A 

HA p 


! A*6e, A 

If CAbA1t\ A bptllt AAC 

61^1$ f eiH AS 

m6 pein "oo, 

H Cf AOJAt 50 tei]\ "DO J 

fiAfv HA AHIA|\ im 

"OubAijvc mo mAitfiH tiom ^AH tAbAi|\c teAC 
lHt)i HA 1 mbAifveAC HA T)1A T)omHAi$, 

1f OtC AH CjAAt T>0 tug fl |\0$A t)Am, 

*S 6 " "OUHAt) AH "OO^AIf 6 CAJA 61f HA f O$tA. 

O mo Cjxoi'oe-fe 6om *oub te 

T16 te 5UAt "oub A beA"6 1 

TIC te boHH bj\6ise beAt> Af HAttAib bAHA ; 

tionn t)tjb t)iom of cionn mo ftAince; 

T)6 bA1H1f f01H t)10m, 1f "00 bA1H1f flAfl 

T)o bAimf -porhAm, if T>O bAimf im' -61A1-6 oiom, 

T)0 bA1H1f ^eAtAC, 1f t)0 bA1H1f ^jMAH *O1Om, 

'S if t\6-mo|\ m'eA^tA 511^ bAimf *OiA t)iom ! 

The Grief of a Girl's Heart. 3C35 

You promised me a thing that is not possible, that you would give 
me gloves of the skin of a fish ; that you would give me shoes of the 
skin of a bird ; and a suit of the dearest silk in Ireland. 

O Donall 6g, it is I would be better to you than a high, proud, 
spendthrift lady: I would milk the cow; I would bring help to you; 
and if you were hard pressed, I would strike a blow for you. 

O, ochone, and it's not with hunger or with wanting food, or 
drink, or sleep, that I am growing thin, and my life is shoitened; 
but it is the love of a young man has withered me away. 

It is early in the morning that I saw him coming, going along 
the road on the back of a horse ; he did not come to me ; he made 
nothing of me ; and it is on my way home that I cried my fill. 

When I go by myself to the Well of Loneliness, I sit down and I 
go through my trouble; when I see the world and do not see my 
boy, he that has an amber shade in his hair. 

It was on that Sunday I gave my love to you; the Sunday that is 
last before Easter Sunday. And myself on my knees reading the 
Passion ; and my two eyes giving love to you for ever. 

O, aya ! my mother, give myself to him ; and give him all that you 
have in the world ; get out yourself to ask for alms, and do not come 
back and forward looking for me. 

My mother said to me not to be talking with you to-day, or to- 
morrow, or on the Sunday; it was a bad time she took for telling me 
that ; it was shutting the door after the house was robbed. 

My heart is as black as the blackness of the sloe, or as the black 
coal that is on the smith's forge ; or as the sole of a shoe left in white 
halls ; it was you put that darkness over my life. 

You have taken the east from me; you have taken the west from 
me ; you have taken what is before me and what is behind me ; you 
have taken the moon, you have taken the sun from me, and my feai 
is great that you have taken God from me ! 



(le T)onnCA'6 TTlAC 

\)ei|*. beAnnAcc 6m* Cf\oit>e 50 cift nA 
t)An-cnoic 6meAnn 6$ ! 

Cum A mAif\eAnn "oe fiottvAt) 1p A 5 f 

A^ bAn-cnoic 6if\eAnn 6$. 

An Aic (5-0 'nAjt b'Aoibinn bmn-$urj eAn, 

1TlAf\ f Am-cfunc cAom 

*S6 mo CAf A t>eit mite mite 1 seem, 
ttAtvCnoic 6i|\eAnn 

t)it!>eArm bAffA bo^ ftim 

t)An-Cnoic 6 
*S if -peAt\t\A TIA 'n cif fo oit $A6 fteibe Ann, 


T)ot) ^fo A coittce 'f DA 
J S A mbtlt mA^t AOt A|\ mAoitmn 

5 rno 6t\of6e i m'incmn pein 

*Oo bAn-Cnoic 

CA 5Af|\A tionrhA^ 1 "ociit nA ti-6i|\eAnn, 
t)An-cnoic 6if\eAnn o$ ! 

A'f peA|\A6om Sjxoi'Oe nA ctAoi'OpeA'6 cetmcd 
A^A bAn-Cnoic 6i]\eAnn 6$ ! 

TTl' ^A-ocui^fe c^oi^e 'f mo Cuimne f^eut, 

1AT) AS ^AttA^oic fiof |:A $t\eim, mo teun i 
T>'A fomn pA Ciof 50 
t)An-Cnoic 6ipeAnn 6$ I 



5CU1T) meAtA 511^ UACCAI^ A^tuAifeACc 'nA ftAot>A, 

Aft bAn-Cnoic 6i|AeAnn 6$: 
me AJ\ CUAI^C no if tuAC mo 
T)o'n CAtAm beAg fuAi|vc fin if "ouAt t)o 
9 S 50 tnb'-peA^iAA tiom 'nA "otiAif r>S uAifteAcc e 
"belt Afv bAn-Cnoic 6if\eAnn 6$. 

* Composed whilst the poet was in exile, on the Continent (at Ham- 
burg), during the penal regime. The name Eire (Ireland) is dissyllabic 
and may be pronounced as " eyrie." The bard was born at Cratloe, 
Clare County, about 1710, and outlived the century. In spite of the 
penal laws against education, he succeeded in acquiring, at home and 




(Translated by Dr. Sigerson in "Bards of the Gael and Gall.") 

Air: "Uileacan Dub O." 

Take my heart's blessing over to dear Eire's strand 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
To the Remnant that love her Our Forefathers' Land ! 

Fair Hills of Eir O ! 

How sweet sing the birds, o'er mount there and vale, 
Like soft-sounding chords, that lament for the Gael, 
And I, o'er the surge, far, far away must wail 

The Fair Hills of Eire" O. 

How fair are the flowers on the dear daring peaks, 

Fair Hills of Eir6 O ! 
Far o'er foreign bowers I love her barest reeks, 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 

Triumphant her trees, that rise on ev'ry height, 
Bloom-kissed, the breeze comes odorous and bright, 
The love of my heart ! O my very soul's delight ! 

The Fair Hills of Eir O ! 

Still numerous and noble her sons who survive, 

Fair Hills of Eire O ! 
The true hearts in trouble, the strong hands to strive 

Fair Hills of Erie O ! 

Ah, 'tis this makes my grief, my wounding and my woe 
To think that each chief is now a vassal low, 
And my Country divided amongst the Foreign Foe 

The Fair Hills of Erie O ! 

In purple they gleam, like our High Kings of yore, 

The Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
With honey and cream are her plains flowing o'er, 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 

Once more I will come, or very life shall fail, 
To the heart-haunted home of the ever-faithful Gael, 
Than king's boon more welcome the swift swelling sail 

For the Fair Hills of Eire O ! 

on the Continent, a mastery of classic and foreign languages. Besides 
short poems, he wrote a mock-heroic ^Eneid, detailing his adventures. 
In his old age he became blind, and the Irish teachers and pupils in 
Waterford, with old-time liberality and appreciativeness, laid a tribute 
on themselves for his maintenance. 








' bf\ucc 



AH AIC pn 


tiA ftAince A 

A mt)An-ctioic 
^ rneu^A AJ\ t6AT)Ait) ceoit, 
5eirn|\eAt!) A tAo$ 'f A mb6, 

The Fair Hills of Eire. 3939 

The dew-drops sparkle, lik^ diamonds on the corn. 

Fair Hills of Eir6 O ! 
Where green boughs darkle the bright apples burn 

Fair Hills of Eir6 O ! 

Behold, in the valley, cress and berries bland, 
Where streams love to dally, in that Wondrous Land, 
While the great River-voices roll their music grand 

Round ftie Fair Hills of Eire O 1 

Oh, 'tis welcoming, wide-hearted, that dear land of love ! 

Fair Hills of Eire O ! 
New life unto the martyred is the pure breeze above 

The Fair Hills of Eire O ! 

More sweet than tune flowing o'er the chords of gold 
Comes the kine's soft lowing, from the mountain fold, 
Oh, the Splendor of the Sunshine on them all, Young and Old. 

'Mid the Fair Hills of Eir6 OI 


(Coif HA ceineA-6 : peg, n6j\4, ^obnwic, Site beAg, CAIC tii 

; A peg, mnif f^eut oumn. 
. t) J Aic tiorn fin ! 1nnif pem f^eut: 

. tti't Aon tiiAic innci, A peg ; b'f eAfp tmn "oo fjeut-f A. 
Site. T)em, -A "peg ; bei-omi-o AnA-f ocAijt. 

nAj\ AnAif focAif\ At\eij\, 'nuAif\ bi ** TTlA-OfVA nA 

Site. THA^ fin ni fCA'opAt) C^ic ni t)ACAtt-A ^6 -Am 

. Uti5Aif "o'eiteAt ! Hi jVAtt-Af-fA A*O J ptMoc^t), A 

. H.A bAC i pem, A CAIC ; ni ^ Ait xxoinne' "O-A 
jinc m^ti. 
Site. T)o bi, -Afcdin ; -Aguf munA mbeiiieA-O 50 JVAI&, tii 

te peg n^C tipAit\ Anoif, -A Sriite, 

Site. Hi tiu^jMt), A peg, p6 -put) imteo6Ai'6 

peg. Tn-d'f e-A-6, fuig Atinfo Am' Aice, 
Aomne* tu pjMocAt) gAn pof 'oom. 

CAIC. tDiiieAt) ^eAtt 50 bp^iocpAi* An CAC i. A toice 
beit>eAt> f^eut bjACAj AgAinn, munA mbei^eAt) cu pein i x>o 

. 6ifc, A CIIAIC, no cuifp|A A^ ^ut i, ] bei-dmi-o ^An fgeut. 

eA|\5 A^V pe$, ni mneofAit) fi AOH 
, A pe~s> c ^ 5 A6 Aomne' cium, A$ b^At 
peA|\ Ann pAT> 6, ~\ if 6 Ainm "oo bi A1|\, SeAt>nA ; -| 
b'eAti 6 ; bi ci$ beA^ "oeAf cttitrhAft Aige, AI^ bun 
cnuic, A|\ tAob nA poitine ; bi cAtAoi|\ f u^An Ai^e t)o 
"oo F ein > *] bA $nAt teif fuit)e innci tim tt\Acn6n 

obAi]\ An tAe cpioCnui jce ; i 'nAi|\ f uitteA'O f 6 mnci, 
f6 A|\ A fAfCACc. t!)i meAtb65 mine Ai^e, AJ\ c|vo6At) i 
HA cemeA* ; ~\ Anoif -j A|\if Cuif\eA'0 f6 A Utfi :nnci, ] tC^At) 
fe tAn A >6ui|\n "oe'n mm, ) bi'deA'O t)A co^Ainc A|\ A fuAirhneAf. 
t)i C|\Ann ubAtt AS f Af AI\ An -ocAob AmuiC "oe -OotMif Ai^e, -] 

Ait\, 6 beic AS co^Ainc nA mine, CuijAeA-6 f6 tAm J 
f An, -j tD^Ai!) f 6 ceAnn -oe 'f nA n-ubtAib, -| o'lteA'o f 6 e 
Site. O A UrnA^CAif ! A ptie^, nA|\ "OeAf 6 ! 
peg. CIACO, An CAtAoijA, n6 An mm, no An c-ubAtt, bA -oeAf ? 
Site. An c-ubAtt, 




NORA. Peg, tell us a story. 

PEG. I'd like that. Tell a story yourself. 

GOBNET. She is no good, Peg; we prefer your story. 

SHEILA. Do, Peg; we will be very quiet. 

PEG. How well you did not keep quiet last night, when I 
was telling " The dog with the eight legs." 

SHEILA. Because Kate Buckley would not stop, but 
pinching me. 

KATE. You lie ! I was not pinching you, you little hag ! 

GOB. Don't mind her, Kate. There was no one pinching 
her, but she pretending it. 

SHEILA. But there was; and only that there was I would 
not screech. 

NORA. Tell Peg that you won't screech now, and she will 
tell us a story. 

SHEILA. I won't screetch now, Peg, whatever will happen 
to me. 

PEG. Well, then, sit here near me so that no one can pinch 
unknown to me. 

KATE. I'll engage the cat will pinch her. You little hussy, 
we would have a fine story but for yourself and your screeching. 

GOB. Whist! Kate, or you'll make her cry, and we'll be 
without a story. If Peg is made angry she will not tell a 
story to-night. There, now, Peg, everyone is mute, expecting 
a story from you. 

PEG. There was a man long ago and the name that was 
on him was Seadhna, and he was a shoemaker. He had a 
nice well-sheltered little house at the foot of a hill, on the side 
of the shelter. He had a chair of soogauns which he himself 
faiade for himself, and it was usual with him to sit in it in 
the evening when the work of the day used to be completed, 
and when he sat in it he was quite at his ease. He had a 
malvogue of meal hanging up near the fire, and now and then 
he used to put his hand into it and take a fist-full of the meal, 
and be chewing at his leisure. He 'had an apple-tree growing 
outside his door, and when he used to be thirsty from chewing 
the meal, he used to put his hand into that tree and take one 
of the apples and eat it. 

3942 SeA-onA. 

CAIC. t)'eAf\tt tiom-fA -An rhm ; tii bAinpeAt) AH c-ubAtt AH 
c-ocjAAf T>e "bume. 

5ob. t)'f eAj\t\ tiom-f A AH CACAOI^ ; ~\ Ctiitvpinn peg i n-A f ui"6e 
innci, Ais mnfinc nA fseut. 

pes 1f mAit Cum ptAtnAif cu, -A Jobnuic. 

5ob. 1f feAf\j\ Cum HA fseut cufA, A pnes- Cionnuf T>'imci$ 
te SeAtmA ? 

peg. LA *oA f\Aib fe AS "oeAnAm bj\6s, tug fe f6 troe-AjVA nA 
f\Aib A cuitte teAtAi^ Aige, rA A ttntte f riAite, n.A A tuitte 
t)i An CAOiDin t)6it)eAnAC fAf, -j An 5^ e1rn "o6it)eAnA 

niOJAt) frutAI^A *OO t)Ut -| At)GA|\ *OO fOtAtA|\ ftJt A t)fet> > OpAt) f6 A 

Cuitte ^65 "oo t)6AnArh. 

T)o gttiAif f6 A|A rnAi-om, T t>i c|\i f 51111 n^e 'n-A pOcA, -j ni fAiti 
mite O'n -ocig 'ntJAi^ t>Ait mime boCc mme, AIJ iA|\f\Ait> 
" UAttAi]A -Oom -oei^c AJ\ f on An cStAnui$teo|\A, -| te n- 
"oo rhAfb, I CAJA CeAnn "oo ftAmce," Aj\f An oume 
5 SeAt>nA fgittms "oo, -\ AnnfAn ni j\Aib Ai^e ACc t)A 
f Sitting. T)ubAij\c fe teif pem s mbpeit)!^ 50 n^oeAnpAt) An 
X)A fgittms A sn3. 

Tli t^iti fe ACC mite eite 6 bAite 'nuAi|\ t)Ait beAn boCu tume, 
1 i cof-noCcui$te. " UAbAi|\ "bom con^nAt) eism," AJA fifi, " <&$ 
fon An cStAnui$teofA, -| te n-AnmAnnAib "oo rhAf\b, -j CA|A CeAnn 
oo ftAince." T)o $tAC cf\uAi$e -oi e, -j tug f6 fgittms -oi, -\ 
o'imti$ fi. tDo bi Aon fS 1 ^ lT1 5 Am Am Annfom Aise, ACC T>O 
tiomAin fe teif, A b^At Aip 50 mbuAitpeAt) fiAnf eigm mme t>o 
Ctn^peAt) A|\ A Cumuf A $no A t)eAnAm. tlio-pb fAT>A st>|\ CAfAt) 
Aif\ teAnb i e AS sut te fUACc I te h-oc]\Af. " Af\ f on An cStAn- 
mteot\A, J> Aff An teAnb, " CAbAip t>om -pu-o eism te n-ite. n t)i 
cis 6fCA 1 tiS-A|\ "ooib, i "oo CuAit) SeAt>nA ifceAC Ann, } CeAnnuiJ 
f^ b|\ic A|\Am "j ts fe 6um An temb e. 'tluAi^ fUAi|\ An teAnb 
An c-A|\An "O'AC^UIS A t>eAtb ; "o'frAf f 6 ftiAf i n-Ai^*oe, ] "oo tAf 
fotAf lons^tiCAC 'n-A fuitib "\ J n-A ceAnACAib, 1 "ocpeo s 

Site. T)1A tmn ! A pes, if t)6cA s^l^ tuic SeA*6nA boCc 1 
tliof tuic ; ACC mA'f eA*, bA -oiCeAtt -06. Cnom 
"o'-^eu-o f 6 tAbAi|\c, X)ubAit\c f 6 : " CAT) 6 An f At>Af -otune 
? " Asuf if e f |\eAst\A f UAIJA f e : "A SheA-onA, cd T)iA 
"Oioc. AmseAt ifeAt) mife. 1f m6 An ci\iorhA > 6 ti- 
11 ^ tus^ 1 f "oei]\c t)6 Ant)iu A|\ fon An 
C.A cfi $tnt)e ASAC te f AgAit t!)iA n 

Aon c|\i $tnt)e if coit teAC, i geobAtf iAt) ; Ate CA Aon CorhAi|\te 
AmAin ASAmfA te cAbAij\c "omc, nA oeA^muit) An U|\6cAi|\e." 

Seadna's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3943 

SHEILA. Oh, my goodness! Peg, wasn't it nice? 

PEG. Which is it; the chair or the meal or the apple, that 
was nice. 

SHEILA. The apple, to be sure. 

KATE. I would prefer the -meal. The apple would not 'take 
the hunger off a person. 

GOB. I would prefer the chair, for I would put Peg sitting 
in it telling the stories. 

PEG. You are good for flattery, Gobnet. 

GOB. You are better for the stories, Peg. How did it go 
with Seadhna? 

PEG. One day as he was making shoes he noticed that he 
had no more leather nor any more thread nor any more wax. 
He had the last piece on, and the last stitch put, and it was 
necessary for him to go and provide materials before he could 
make any more shoes. He set out in the morning and there 
were three shillings in his pocket, and he was only a mile 
from the house when he met a poor man asking for alms. 
" Give me alms for the sake of the Saviour and for the souls of 
your dead and for your health," said the poor man. Seadhna 
give him one shilling, and then he had but two shillings. He 
said to himself that possibly two shillings would do his 
business. He was only another mile from home when he met 
a poor woman, and she barefooted. " Give me some help," 
said she, " for the sake of the Saviour and for the souls of 
your dead and for your health." He felt compassion for her 
and gave her a shilling, and she went away. He had one 
shilling then; still he went on expecting that he would meet 
some good fortune which would put it in his power to do his 
business. It was not long till he met a child and he crying 
with cold and hunger. " For the sake' of the Saviour," said 
the child, " give me something to eat." There was a stage 
house near them and Seadhna went into it, and he bought a loaf 
of bread and he brought it to the child. When the child got 
the bread his figure changed. He grew up very tall, and light 
flamed in his two eyes and in his countenance, so that Seadhna 
became terrified. 

SHEILA. Oh ! God help us ! Peg, I suppose poor Seadhna 

PEG. He did not, but then, he was very near it. As soon 
as he could speak, he said, " What sort of person are you? " 
The answer he got was, " Seadhna, God is thankful to you. 
I am an angel. I am the third angel to whom you have given 
alms to-day for the sake of the Saviour. And now you have 

3944 SeA-onA. 

" Aguf An tiT)ei|\i^ tiom 50 bfAi$eAT> mo $ui-6e ? " 
" T)eit\im, An AmjvAf," Aff' Ar| c-Ain^eAt. " UA 50 tnAit," Aj\f A 
SeA-onA, " CA CACA01JA beA$ -oeAf f u^An A^AITI 'f A bAite, -j An uite 
t>Aitcin A cA^Ann AfceAC, tii futAij\ teif fui'be innce. An Ceut> 
otnne eite A ftn-ofi-6 mnce, ACc me fein, 50 ^ceAn^lAit) fe 
innce ! " " PAI^ e, f Ai^\e ! A SneA'onA," Aj\f' An c-AingeAt ; " fin 
5tii>6e bfveAj; initiate $An CAij\be. UA -6A CeAnn eile A^AC, -j n4 
oeA|\mtn > o An Ut^6cAif e." " C^," A|\f A SeAt>nA, 
mine A^AITI 'f A ^Aite, T An uite -OAitcin A tA^Ann AfceAC, ni 
teif A t)O|\n A fAtAt) innce. An Cew'o T>uine eite A 6tii|\pit) tArh 
'p A meAttiois fin, ACc me pem, 50 sceAn^tAit) fe mnce, treuC ! " 
" O A SneAftnA, A SneA'OnA, ni't V A VS -^5^^ ! " A-pf' An c-Ain^eAt. 
" tli't AJ;AC Anoif ACc Aon gtn-be Am^m eite. IA^ Ut^6cAi^e T)e 
oo c'AnAm." " O, if pop "Otiic," A|\f A SeA-OnA, " t>A t)6t>Ai^ t)om 
6 > 6eA|imA > o. UA ci\Ann beAg uoAtt A^Am 1 teAt-cAoib mo -bo^uif, 
1 An tute t)Aitcin A tA^Ann An Cjteo, ni ptitAi|\ teif A tArh T>O CtJt^ 
i n-Aijvoe -| tibAtt -oo fCAtA-6 i T)O b|\eit teif. An ceu-o -oume 
eite ACc me pem, A cuitApt) A t^m '-pA 6|\Ann fom, 50 
fe Ann O ! A "OAome ! " A$ feifeAn, Ag f5Ai|\ceAt) A] 
A beit> An fp6|\c o|\f A ! " 

f 6 Af nA CIMCI-OID, T)'p et>6 f e f uAf -j bi An 

imti$ce. 'Oem f6 A rhAccnAm AI^ fem A|\ peAt) CAniAitt mAit, 
p6 Oei|\eA > 6 fiA|\ tAtt, T)ubAij\c fe teif pein : " peuC Anoif, n 
Aon AniA'OAn 1 n-6i|\mn if m6 ionA me ! *OA 
ceAn^Aitce AgAm wm An "OCACA fo, "otiine J f A ' CAtAoijt, *otnng. 
J fA 5 meAtboi5, i "ouine 'fA* C|\Ann, CAT> e An rhAic T>O "oeAnfAf 
fAn -oomfA i m6 1 bpAT) 6 bAite, ^An biAt), ^An t)eoC, An Aig 
^eAT) ? " Hi ctiifj;e bi An meit) fin CAince t\4it>ce Aige n-d cu, 
fe fe nTeAt^A of A C6rhAij\ AHIAC, 'fAn ^ic A ^Aib An 
f eAjA f At)A CAOt "otib, i e AS 5tmneAmAinc Aifv, i ceme 
ceACc Af A "OA fuit 'n-A fp]\eACAib mme. t)i "OA 

eifbott mAjA bei'beAt) AJ\ mA'OA'o |\u<ro, -\ cjAub AJA coif teif 
cj\ub cAir\b. "Do teAt A bent -\ A t>A fuit Aft StieA'bnA, i "oo fCAt> 
A CAinc. 1 ^ceAnn CAtnAitt T)O tAbAip An f eA^ "cub. " A 
SheAt)nA," A|\ feifeAn, " ni ^At) t>uic Aon eA^tA *oo belt of\c |\0m- 
Amf A ; ni'tim A|\ ci t)o *6io$bAtA. t)A miAn tiom CAir\be ei^m "oo 
OeAnAm t>uic, "oA n^tActA mo comAi|\te. T)o CtoifeAf tu, Anoif 
beA5, "DA |\A"6 50 ^ AbAif ^An biAt), ^An T>eoc, ^An Aif^eAt). dub- 
l\Ainn-fe Ait\5eAT> "oo t)6tAin "otnc A^A Aon comgiott beA^ AmAm." 

CAinc "06 ; " nA f eut)f A An meit) fin "oo fAt) ^An "oume "oo rhitteAt) 
tet)' cuiT) 5tmneAmnA, pe n-e tu f em ? " " 1f cumA tbmc CIA n-e 
me., ACc beu^fAT) An oi|\eAT> Ai|\5ix> *otJic Anoif 

Seadna's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3945 

three wishes to get from the God of Glory. Ask now of God 
any three wishes you please, and you will get them. But I 
have one advice to give you. Don't forget Mercy." " And 
do you tell me that I shall get my wish? " said Seadhna. " I 
do, certainly," said the angel. "Very well," said Seadhna. 
" I have a nice little soogaun chair at home, and every dalteen 
that comes in makes it a point to sit in it. The next person 
that will sit in it, except myself, that he may cling in it ! " 
" Oh, fie, fie! Seadhna," said the angel; " there is a beautiful 
wish gone without good. You have two more. Don't forget 
Mercy ! " "I have," said Seadhna, " a little malvogue of meal 
at home, and every dalteen that comes in makes it a point to 
stick his fist into it. The next person that puts his hand into 
that malvogue, except myself, that he may cling in it, see! " 
" Oh, Seadhna, Seadhna, my son, you have not an atom of 
sense! you have now but one wish more. Ask the Mercy of 
God for your soul." " Oh, that's true for you," said Seadhna, 
" I was near forgetting it. I have a little apple-tree near my 
door and every dalteen that comes the way makes it a point 
to put up his hand and to pluck an apple and carry it away 
with him. The next other person, except myself, that will 
put his hand into that tree, that he may cling in it! Oh! 
people!" said he, bursting out laughing, " is'nt it I that will 
have the amusement at them ! " 

When he came out of his laughing fits and looked up, the 
angel was gone. He made his reflection for a considerable 
time, and "at long last he said to himself, " See now, there is 
not a fool in Ireland greater than I ! If there were three people 
stuck by this time, one in the chair, one in the malvogue, and 
one in the tree, what good would that do for me and I far 
from home, without food, without drink, without money?'* 

No sooner had he that much talk uttered than he observed 
opposite him, in the place where the angel had been, a long, 
slight, black man and he staring at him, and electric fire 
coming out of his two eyes in venomous sparks. There were 
two horns on him, as there would be on a he-goat, and a long, 
coarse, greyish-blue beard, a tail as there would be on a fox, 
and a hoof on one of his feet like a bull's hoof. Seadhna's 
mouth and his two eyes opened wide upon him, and his speech 
stopped. After a while the black man spoke : " Seadhna," 
said he, " you need not have any dread of me. I am not bent 
on your harm. I should wish to do you some good if you 
would accept my advice. I heard you just now say that you 
were without food, without drink, without money. I would 


An oifAe-At) teAtAif -A^tif CoimeA'opAitf A$ obAip t<5 50 ceAnn cpf 
mbtiAt>Ain iroeus, AJ\ At) scomgiolt fo 50 > ocioe.dif\ tiom An 
UA1JA fin ? " 

An UA1J\ fin 
beAj; t)ic An Ceifc fin "oo Cup, 'nuAip belt) An teAtA|\ 

? " " UAi|t ^eutACuifeAC biot) AJAU, -peic- 
An c-Ai^seAt)." " U-di^-f e geu^ Cuif eAC, -petit ! " *Oo Cui]A An 
"otib A t^tfi 'n-A p6cA, *j tAf|\Ain5 fe AmA6 fpAf^n rn<3^, -j Af 
An fpAf\^n "oo teig fe AmA6 Af A bAif cA|\n beAg *o J 6t\ bjteA$ 

! " A|\ -peifeAn ; ) fin -pe A t^rh "] Cuif\ pe An cAfn *oe 
steoi'Oce st^meArhtA -pe fuitib SneA-6nA boiCc. T)o fin 
A "6 tAirh, q "oo teAtA'OAf A t!)A tA$A|\ Ct>m An Cif . " 5 
! " A|\p' An -peAf t)ub, A^ cA^Ainjc An 01|\ Ctn^e Af ceAC ; 
ni't An mAfSAt) "oeAncA f of ." " biot) 'n-A rhApsAt) ! " Af\f A 

ceip ? " A^f' An f eAjt t)b. " 5 Att ceip," Aff A SeAt>nA. 
b\i nA mionn ? " A' An eA x>tib. 


[An oi"66e nA "61A1 fin.] 

H6j\A. SeAt) ! A $e c^mAOit) Annfo Afif c^ fAotAft 
biof Ag -pit bi eA^tA o|\m 50 mbei'beAt) An fgeut AJ\ fiubAt 
l\orhAm, i 50 rnbeit>eAt> cuit) "oe CAittce A^Am. 

. Am' % b|MAtA|\ 50 b-p AnpAtnAoip teAC, A H6|\A, A tAoi$. tli't 
6 tAinis ^obnuic. 

TTlAf fin *oo bi ctn^ion A^Am t)-d *6eunArh, -\ b'ei^m "oorh- 
fA "out fiA|\ teif An im 50 t)eut An JeAfftA, -\ J nuAij\ biof Ag 

A bAite An corh^Af, x>o ttnu An oi"6Ce of\m, ; geAttAim t>tnc 
bAineA-6 pfie^b AfAm. t)iof A^ cirhniti5At) A^ SeAt>nA -\ AJ\ 
An 6f\ 1 AJ\ An bpeAf nt)tib, ) A|\ nA fpfveACAib bi Ag ceACc Af A 

>> ' 

, i me AS fnt fut A mbeit>inn > oei'6eAnAC, 'nuAif\ tC^Af mo 
1 CAT) "oo cipmn ACC An put) 'n-A feAfAm A|\ m' 

Seadna's (Shay no) Three Wishes. 3947 

give you money enough on one little condition." " And, torture 
through the middle of your lungs ! " said Seadhna, as soon 
as he got his talk, " could you not say that much without 
paralysing a person with your staring, whoever you are ? " 
" You need not care who I am ; but I will give you as much 
money now as will buy as much leather as will keep you 
working for thirteen years, on this condition, that you will 
come with me then." 

" And if I make the bargain with you, whither shall we go 
at that time ? " " Will it not be time enough for you to ask 
that question when the leather is used up and we will be 
starting ? " " You are sharp-witted. Have your way. Let 
us see the money." " You are sharp-witted. Look ! " The 
black man put his hand into his pocket, and drew out a largo 
purse, and from the purse he let out on his palm a little heap 
of beautiful yellow gold. 

" Look ! " said he, and he stretched his hand and he put the 
heap of exquisite glittering pieces up under the eyes of poor 
Seadhna. Seadhna stretched both his hands, and the fingers 
of the two hands opened for the gold. 

"Gently! " said the black man; "the bargain is not yet 

" Let it be a bargain," said Seadhna. 

" Without fail? " said the black man. 

" Without fail," said Seadhna. 

" By the virtue of the Holy Things? " (shrines : hence oaths) 
said the black man. 

" By the virtue of the Holy Things ! " said Seadhna. 


NORA. There! Peg we are here again . There's 

a saothar on me . I was running. I was afraid that the 

story would be going on before me, and that I would have 
some of it lost. 

PEG. Indeed, Nora, my dear, we would wait for you. It 
is not long since Gobnet came. 

GOB. Yes, for we were making a churn, and it was 
necessary for me to go west with the butter to Beul-an- 
Ghearrtha; and when I was coming home the short cut, the 
night fell on me, and I promise you that there was a start 
taken out of me. There was not the like of it of a jump ever 
taken out of me. I was thinking of Seadhna, and of the gold, 
and of the black man, and of the sparks that were coming 
out of his eyes, and I running before I would be late, when 



Aip, t>o 

An 5^^ n A V An 5ceuT> AtfiApc 

An teAbAp 50 pAlb At)ApCA A1p ! 

IICpA. A oiAifiAipe, A Jobnuic, eipc *oo beut, -| r\& bi T>Ap mbot)- 
pAt> tet)' gottAnAib i te*o' AX>ApcAib. AttApCA Ap 
petit Aip pm ! 

ob. t)'eiT>ip, T>A mbeit>teA pern Ann, sup beA$ An ponn 
DO beifteAt) ope. 

Site. euc Anoip ! CIA 
gctn^peAt) CAIC Hi tDuACAtlA 

CA1C; Hi Cuij\pt>, A Site. 

cops An fgeit ? 

A e. 

At)' CAitin niAit AnoCc, 



ope. TTlo 

i fin ! TTIo 


50 T)ipeAC ! pAn 50 mbeit) 

ope ! T b'eiT)i|\ 


. Seo, peo ! pCAt>Ai > 6, A CAitini'oe. TTIipe i mo gotten pA 
An obAip peo. CAIC UAIC An pcocA pom, A peg, ) p^Aoit 
An pgetit. An bptiAip SeAtmA An ppA^An ? 1p iotnt>A 
oume bi i pioCc ppApAin "o'pASAit -j nAC bpuAip. 

peg. Com tuAt i "otibAipc SeA-onA An pocAt, " T)Ap bpi$ nA 
mionn ! " "oo tAimj Atpu^At) jn6 A|\ An bpeAp nx>tib. *Oo noCc 

p6 A plACtA flop 1 CpUAp, 1 1p 1AX) "DO bi 50 T)tU1Ce A]\ A 

Ceite. tJAimg pCpt) cpCnAin Ap A beut, ) x>o Ceip Ap SeAtinA A 
beunAm AmAc CIA 'co AS 5Aipit)e bi pe n6 A^ T>pAnncti$AX). ACc 
'nuAif\ T)'petC pe puAp 1T)1|\ An "OA ftJit Aip, bA t)CbAi|\ 50 ociucpA'6 
An p^AnnpAt) ceti-onA Aip A tAmig Aip 1 -ocopAC. T)o tuig pe 50 
trAit i A6 AS sAipi-Oe bi An oiottfmmeAc. tli peACAit) pe piAtfi 
poime pm Aon T>A puit bA meApA 'nA IAX>, Aon peuCAinc bA rhAtt- 
tnte 'nA An freucAinc T>O bi ACO, Aon 6tAp eut)Ain Com "oiip, com 
i5eAncA teip An gctAp eutJAin "oo bi <5p A ^cionn. tliop 
pe, i "oo p n' pe A tMceA'.t ^An A tei^mc Aip j;up tt>5 p6 
pe n^eApA An opAnnctisA'o. Le n-A tmn pm, "oo teig An peAp 
T>ub An c-6p AmAc Apip Ap A bAip, i T>O c<5mAipim. 

" Seo ! " Ap peipeAn, " A SeAt>nA. Sm ceA*o pttnc AJAC Ap An 

mx>iu. An bpuitip -oiotcA ? " 

50 bpuitim. 5 ' 

" 1p mCp An bpeip i ! " AppA SeA-onA. 
" C6ip nO e5coip," App* An peAp -otib, " An bpuitip X)iotcA ? " 
"I "oo $euptn$ i "oo bpopx>ui$ Ap An niDpAnnctigAt). 

" 6 ! CAim "oiotcA, CAim "oiotCA ! " AppA SeAt>nA, " 50 pAib 


Seo ! niA 'peA"6," Ap peipeAn. " Sm ceAT) eite ASAC Ap An 

Sm i An 
Sm i An 

oo'n mnAoi A bi cop-noccuigce. : 
oo'n mnAoi uApAit ceutinA." 

Seadna's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3949 

I raised my head, and what should I see but the thing standing 

out overright me the Gollan! On the first look I gave it 

I'd swear there were horns on it. 

NORA. Oyewisha, Gobnet, whist your mouth, and don't be 
bothering us with your Gollans and your horns. Horns on a 
Gollan! Look at that! 

GOB. Maybe if you were there yourself, 'tis little of the 
inclination of fun would be on you. 

SHEILA. See, now! who is stopping the story? Maybe Kate 
Buckley would put it on me. 

KATE. I will not, Sheila; you are a good girl to-night. I 
am very fond of you. My darling she is ! My darling in my 
heart within she is! 

SHEILA. Yes, indeed ! Wait till you are angry, and maybe 
then you would not say " my darling she is." 

NORA. Come, come ! stop, girls. I and my Gollan are the 
cause of this work. Throw away that stocking, Peg, and let 
us have the story. Did Seadhna get the purse? Many a 
person was on the point of getting a purse, and did not. 

PEG. As soon as Seadhna uttered the words " By the vir- 
tue of the Holy Things!" a change of apearance came on the 
black man. He bared his teeth above and below, and it is 
they that were clenched upon each other. A sort of low sound 
came out of his mouth, and it failed Seadhna to make out 
whether it was laughing he was or growling. But when he 
looked up between the two eyes on him, the same terror was 
near coming on him that came on him at first. He understood 
well that it was not laughing the " lad " was. He never before 
then saw any two eyes that were worse than they, any look 
that was more malignant than the look they had, any forehead 
as evil-minded as the forehead that was above them. He did 
not speak, and he did his best to pretend that he did not notice 
the growling. At the same time the black man let the gold 
out again on his palm and counted it. 

" Here ! " said he, " Seadhna, there are a hundred pounds for 
you for the first shilling you gave away to-day. Are you 
paid? " 

"I should think I am." 

"Eight or wrong! " said the black man, " are you paid? " 
and the growling became sharper and quicker. 

" Oh ! I am paid, I am paid," said Seadhna, " thank you! " 

" Here ! if so," said he, " there is another hundred for you, 
for the second shilling you gave away to-day." 



" TYIA bA beAn uAfAt i, CAT) "oo beip cof-no6ctute i, ] CAt> *oo 
bei|t t)i tno f5 lUlri 5 " o tt|teit tiAirn-fe, -j $An A^AHI ACC f sitting 

eite 1 n-A "OIAIT!) ? 

" fflA bA beAn uAf At i ! T)^ tribei-DeA* A f iof A$AC ! Sin f ATI 
beAn uAfAt T>O tfiitt mife ! " 

te tinn TIA tipocAt f Am "oo ^"6 "60, "oo tAim^ c]\it Cof T tAtfi 
AI^, "oo fCAt) An T>|VArmtA>i, "oo tui$ A CeAnn fiAt^ A|i A rhume^t, 
o'^euC f6 fUAf inf A' fp^it^, tAinis -D|Mu6 b^i 
A|\ A CeAnnACAiG. 

CoTiTiAic SeAt)tiA An iompAit U fin, 

" Hi ftit^if," Ap feifeAn, 50 neArfi$uifeA6, " n<3 ni h6 feo An 

T)o t6im An peA^ -otit). T)o tuiAit f t>tntte "oA C|\t4ib Af An 
ocAtArh, i t)C|\eo 5U]t Cj\it An p Ot) "oo bi f 6 Coif SeA"6nA. 

" ClotttAOAt) o|\c ! " A|\f' eif eAn. " 6ifc "oo t>eul no bAfgpAp 
CO I" 

" ^AbAim pAfown ASAC, A t)tiine uAf Ait ! " A|\f A SeA"6nA, 50 
mot>ArfiAit, " 6eApAf 50 mb' eit>if\ 5^ bfAon beA^ -00 bi 

f 5U|t tUgAlf C^AX) ptinC niA|\ ttlAtAI^C A|\ 

) T>A "ociocpAt) liom bAinc 0n 

"oo |\in' An flitting C^A'onA, A6c 'nuAip Cu^Aif UAIC f AJI 
fon An cSt^nui$Ce6|\A, ni p^itnf A CAifbe *oo toe Coit)ce." 

," Aj\f A SeA"6nA, " CAT) if s^t) An rhAit "oo toe ? TI4 

*' U-d An iomAt) cAince A^AC An iomAT> AJ\ fAT). "OutiAfvc teAC 
oo beut T)' 6if ceACC. Seo I fin 6 An fpAjUn &$ f AT) AJ;AC," Af f' 
An peA^ T>tib. 

" Hi n6iX)itv, A -ouine Af Ait," Aff A SeAt)nA, " nA bei'oeA'o 
t)Aoitin nA riAimfi^e Ann; 1f iomt)A tA 1 x>ci\i btiAt>nAib -0^5. 
1f iomt)A b|\65 bei'deAt) "oetincA Ag "ouine 1 ^cAiteAtfi An iti6it) fin 
Aimfijte, i if iomt)A cumA i n-A n-oit^peAt) f^ittm^ "oo." 

** tlA biot) ceifc oi\c," Ajtf' An peAf\ "oub, AJ cup fmucA s^ifve 
Af. M CAf\tvAin5 Af corh 5e|\ 1 n6iftmn I if mAit teAC 6. t)eiX> 
f6 corrt ceAnn An tA X)6i-6eAnAC T c4 f6 int)iu; tli beit) puinn 
AJAC t>e Af fAin AniAC." 

Seadntfs (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3951 

"That is the shilling I gave to the woman who was bare- 

" That is the shilling you gave to the same gentlewoman." 

" If she was a gentlewoman, what made her barefooted? and 
what made her take from me my shilling, and I having but 
another shilling left?" 

" If she was a gentlewoman ! If you only knew ! she is the 
gentlewoman that ruined me! " 

While he was saying those words a trembling of hands and 
feet came on him. The growling ceased. His head leaned 
backwards on his neck. He gazed up into the sky. An 
attitude of death came on him, and the stamp of a corpse came 
on his face. 

When Seadhna saw this deadly change, the wonder of his 
heart came on him. 

" It must be," said he, in a careless sort of way, " that this 
is not the first time with you hearing something about her." 

The black man jumped. He struck a blow of his hoof on 
the ground, so that the sod which was under Seadhna's foot 

" Mangling to you !" said he; " shut your mouth or you will 
be maimed ! " 

" I beg your pardon, sir," said Seadhna, meekly ; " I thought 
that perhaps it was a little drop you had taken, and to say 
that you gave me a hundred pounds in exchange for a shilling." 

" I would, and seven hundred, if I could succeed in 
taking from the good which that same shilling did; but when 
you gave it away for the sake of the Saviour it is not possible 
to spoil its good for ever." 

" And," said Seadhna, " what need is there to spoil the 
good? May you not as well have the good of that shilling 
as it is?" 

!< You have too much talk; too much altogether. I told 
you to shut your mouth. Here! there is the purse entirely 
for you," said the black man. 

" I suppose there is no danger, sir," said Seadhna, " that 
there would not be enough for the time in it. There is many 
a day in thirteen years. 'Tis many a shoe a man would have 
made in the lapse of that portion of time, and many a way 
he would want a shilling." 

" Don't be uneasy," said the black man, putting a bit of a 
laugh out of him. " Draw out of it as hard as ever you can. 
It will be as plump the last day as it is to-day. You will 
not have much business of it from that forward." 


'Oo tAfvpAis "OiAtMntn-o A otii'otn -cub -601111 Af A <3CA, -| t>o fin 
Cuise I, T -o'ltntig T T>O CuAit) feifeAn AnnfAn 50 tneAtAtACAn 
cemeA-o -oo bi AJ\ bAt\F nA cjUsA, beifeAf AJ\ riieAtAn Aifci -j feiT>- 
eAf, f eiT>eAf i 50 cf eAn ciu$ ceAf ui'be ; AC t>-A tj\eme A AtiAt 
j "DA tiusA A fei'oeAt), ni f\Aib niAit "60 Ann ; feiT>eAf Aj\if ^ 
Afii-p eite niof cf6me, niof CIU$A, niof ceAftnt>e nA CeAnA, ACc T>O 
t)i A no 'n-A frAf AC A1|\, niA|\ X)o tti An ceAf ion 6Ag Anf An f pfv^ig. 
"beineAf At\ fPf^S 61 ^ e 1 r^i'oceAf puiCi 50 -peA^AC ^tnnneAriiAil 
pioCtfiA|\, ] A fuite AI\ -OeA-pstAfAt), i p^iteAnnA A tfminil c6rh 

ACtJ1$te fin 5O f\AE>AT)AlA 1 |\6A6C A bpt^Af^tA '. "DOt)' f AnAC t)O A 

fit)eA'6 Atfi. t)eii\eAf A|\ An fp^i5 "I CAiteAf ifceAC 1 
teAtAn An CtiAin i, AS j\At>, " 5 f^itDi'O mAtAif\ An 
tu niAf temit) ! " i cu5tA|\ btntte t)A Coif "oeif *oo'n Cuit) eite 
oo'n cemit) ^ -pCAipfceAjA Af -put) An OAin 1. T)o connAic An 
eite 6 -oi^eAC -oonn te n-A tinn fin, -j "00 CtH]\eAt)A|\ Aon 
Aiftei$ ArhAin A-pCA -oo tos-pA-6 nA mAifo Af A n-uAi$io. 
tae An meiT> A J f nA6 JAAID i n-A feAfArh t)iot) -j CA^AI-Q 1 n-A 
timCiotl, AS ttJbAf\nAis te teAtAn-$-dife -j AS fceAircA-o A|\ A t-dn- 
OiCiott. t)eit\eAf X)ume A|\ rPt^S* "otiine eite Ay. fp^^s eite, 7 
niA|\ fom t)6it) T 1A F fiof 50 heA|\OAtt cimciott, An tieA^ 7 An rh6|\, 
An c-6s i An c-AOfCA ; "] f eo AS fei"oeAt) IAT>, A|\ CnArh A nT>icitt, 
AS cntit te ceim-6 -| ceAf t>o CU^A Afif i nsAC f pf eis, 1 e fiAf OJ\^A, 
oo t)|\is sti-p FSAJA ceot)ACc te SAC pmeACAit) *oiob beAs nAC o tu;b 

ceme i 
" Sei-o teAc A bwACAitt ! " A|\fA T)oninAtt. " C^ bpuit cu ? - 

T)o teim f6 -oe tuit-p^eib -j tAmic i n-A Aice " Seit> ! f ei-o, A 
biAbAit ! " A|\ f eifion, " ~\ n-d teis -AH fmeACAit) ion et>s f eit) ! 

AJA "DO bAf felt) ! " 

T)o teis An buACAitt fceA|\CA -j "DO fcop "oe'n CfeiTDeAt); 

" CAif beAm of u, A -oiAbAit ! " A|\ f eifion. 

*Oo ttic An buACAitt Af\ bAinit) $Aifit) ; bei|iiof -pem A^ An 
fpt\eis, te AmptAt) -j AI^C Cun S AI ^> "oogcAjA A 6i\T)6s ] CAiteAf 
An fpf^S ^^"^ t>'lA|\|iA6c. ttic fi A]A An mbAn ; niop b^if fi 
AttiACc. Cui^eAf A ojvoos 1 n-A beAt te coif nA piopA. 

" CALAIS ! cAff Ais Anoif ! " A^f A ,dittCeoi|\ eism i n-A meAfg. 
tDo bi f6 A|\ buite, beijuof Ap An fpf^is te n-A t^im Cte, T 




DERMOT drew his dark-brown dudeen from his pocket and 
handed it to him, and he went then to a smouldering fire which 
was at the top of the strand. He catches a dying coal of fire 
out of it and blows, blows it strong, quick, fierce ; but though 
strong his breath, and though quick his blowing, it was in 
vain for him. He blows again and again stronger, quicker, 
fiercer than before, but his labour was of no. avail, for the 
heat had died in the ember. He seizes* another ember and 
blows it angrily, livelily, wrathfully, his two eyes flaming, 
and the veins of his neck swelled to such an extent that they 
were ready to burst; his blowing was to no purpose, however. 
He catches the ember and flings it into the centre of the 
harbour, saying, "May the devil's mother blow you for a 
fire! " and deals a blow of his right leg to the rest of the 
fire and scatters it about the bawn. The others saw him just at 
that very moment, and they raised one wild, ringing shout 
that would wake the dead out of their graves. They all rise 
such of them as were not standing and they gather round 
him, breaking their sides with broad mirth, and laughing 
their level best. One catches up an ember, another another, 
and so on of all the rest from first to last, small and big, young 
and old, and they set to blowing as well as ever they could, 
fain to put fire and heat again into each ember, and it 
impossible, for warmth had parted from each little coal of them 
all but a few. 

" There is fire in my coal," said someone. 

" Blow on, my boy ! " said Donal. " Where are you? blow 
on till I come to you.'* 

He jumped quickly and came to his side. " Blow ! blow, you 
devil ! " says he ; " and don't let the little ember die blow ! 
for your life, blow ! " 

The boy laughed and stopped blowing. 

" Fetch it to me, aroo, you devil ! " says he. 

The boy burst into a fit of insuppressible laughter; himself 
seizes the coal through greed and burning desire for a smoke; 
he burns his thumb and throws down the coal all of a sudden. 
It fell on the bawn; but it did not break though. He puts 
his thumb in his along with the pipe. 

" Smoke ! smoke now ! " says some arch fellow in the crowd. 

He was raging mad. He seizes a coal with his left hand 
and blows it so furious that sparks flew from it. He blows 

3954 "Hi AP thA A t)tn>6eAeAf. 

fi-oeAf c6rh hAiftmneAC fom ! 511^ fpfAC fi; Se'i'oeAf 
tirneAf ftneACAit) "oo'n "oeAfs tAf Aif ifceAC 1 n-A t>Cc, niAf -oo 
bi buj\ttAc -A teineAt) Aft teAtA'o, -j oosAf 6 tAitfeAc. T)o Con 
SAib f s^ elrn ^ An rPF 6l 5 ^^j T bt^SAf At1 t-Af Aij\ fiof 1 mbeAt 
nA piopA i CAft^SeAf, CAffAiseAf,* CAWMSeMf, AJ\ cutnA 
50 fAib oe^cxiC AS 6i|\i$e 50 50^ 5l6|vni^ 
of cionn -A Cinn. 

"oo bi f6 A^ A toit: T)o fuit) nA "OAome 50 

xi|\ An mult -AS tu^fSAt) Of A ^COTTIAIH, -j 6 
50 meA|\: T)o bi "OorhtiAtt ^5 oiu'OA'O A -piopA -j 5^11 Aon 
otnne -AS cti\ Ctn^e tiA UAitt. tlio^ b'fAt)A gtifv 61|\1$ fCAitc t)^ 
piopA -AtfiAtc, "oo t^|\|\Ai5 f6 i t)A|\ troCi^ A|\ CnArfi 
nioj\ b'f:iu -otnc peuC^mc Ap An n^At be^s bAif -oo bi 
ArmfAn t)O Cui|\ f6 f5p u 5 A ^ ^ P 6ln > 1 f 

\ Ce-AtlSAll A b^At 10CCA1|\ t)^ b&At ACCA1|\ te -001C 

ni pAib b|\i 1 n-A no. 

"oom A|\ f on 

feifion, i "oo ttii$ f niof "outtngte A|\ An "OCA^AC ; i 
beit AS bAinc An Cf AtACAij\ Af pott nA piepA, if AtritAi-6 bi fe 
A "OAinsTiiwSAt) Ann $An comne teif $An AirtijAeAf. 
iot), 'nuAiji "oo puAii\ f6 An f An fSA|\tA te n-A fAotAj\, i 50 
AS "out "oe, "6-A t|\6me ttn$ fe cuise, T>O Cos f e AT[ "omit) Af A 
b^At, i t)o tAOit) s nAiptmneAc A|\ "bume 6is 1 ^> -p^ 1ceoi t^ 'o'f^S' 
bAit "oo. *O'irnti$ c-jMu-p no ceAtjvAH T>e btiACAitti > bib s 
pAi|\c "oo bi tAn "oe tft Aitnim'Oib, ACc "oo bi f fceAnns rriAit 
f Am. T)'f An feifion AS f eidotfi O|\|\A 50 "ociocf Ai-oif CA^ n-Aif , 
Anoif AS cu^ nA piopA ion A b6At, i A^if AS A bAinc Af, i A|M'f 
eite AS fAtAt) A ttii'oin mnci o'f^euCAinc A fiAib rnotAit An ceAif 
irnti$te Aifci. J t1tiAi|A "oo CuAit) ftnt tAjv feiteArhAncAf Aise, "oo 
fe f6m CA^ ctoi*6e ifceAC ; feo AS ctiAfCAC 6 Anonn 'f AnAtt, 
A fuitib te fA$Aifc Cun fAgb^tA, "OA mb'fei-oif. T)o 
bi fAt ion Aifiotfi Aif fA CeAnn CAmAitt ftJAif f b^ob ctubeAf A6 

} "oo fAtuis 1 s ^ 6 ^^ piopA 6 50 CApAit). AnnfAn 
foA f AO1 n-A tAf\j\AC, ACc "o'-pAn An b|\ob mAf A bi, i ni 

Af A tunT>-|\ACAlb. T)O tf^Att fe An At-UA1f, ACC b'6 An 

c6AT>nA 6. 1 n'oeifio'o fc^ActA "DO, bfif An cfAiCnin 50 
cAittte Aif, ifd$ 1 sc|\6 nA piopA. T)o teim fe 1 n-A CAOIJ\ btnte 
CAf Ctoit>e, ni fAib futAS (=futAns) nA foi-one A^e, -j "oo 
An oitn'o fAT> A ufCAi|\ AtriAC AnnfAn rhuif nioif. Hi i\Aib 
Af AonneAC te neA$tA bfuisne, niA|\ t)o bi CO^A An eotAif ACA 50 
'OorfinAtt, "| CAT) e An fA$Af b'eAt) 6, 'nuAif >oo beit)eA-6 
teif pein. T)' f?An nA UAome 50 t6i|\ i n-A fuit>e 50 

The Thankfulness of Dermot. 3955 

again, and a spark of the red flame jumps into his breast, for 
the front of his shirt was open, and it burns him immediately. 
He kept his hold on the coal though. He bruises the flame 
down into the mouth of the pipe, and draws, draws, draws, 
in a manner that soon smoke was rising blue and glorious 
in wreaths above his head. 

Now was he perfectly happy. All the people sat looking 
at the seaweed rocking right before them, while it was coming 
in fast. Donal was smoking his pipe, and nobody interfering 
with him. But it was not long till his pipe grew 
sulky; he pulled it, of course, as best he could, but it would 
not be worth your while to look at the little dying fume that 
was coming out of it. He then put a long neck on himself, 
the lower lip all but adhered to his upper lip through the 
strain of pulling, but his work was to no purpose. 

" Let someone get a ' cleaner ' for me for God's sake, let 
him! " says he, and he applied himself more earnestly to 
pulling, but instead of taking the dirt out of the hole of the 
pipe, he was only fastening it in it unwittingly, of course. 
At last, when he found success separated from his labour, 
and that he was failing, though energetically he set about it, 
he took the diuid out of his mouth, and called furiously to 
somebody to fetch him a ' cleaner.' Three or four boys went 
to a field that was full of trahneens, but it was a good distance 
from him. He remained behind waiting till they should come 
back, now putting the pipe in his mouth, again taking it out, 
and again thrusting his little finger into it to ascertain whether 
the feeling of heat had left it. When at length he could bear 
this waiting no longer, he himself jumped in over a fence, 
he commences searching hither and thither, and his eyes 
blazing through madness for finding, if possible. Luck was 
his in a little while. He got a pretty thick brobh and shoved 
it quickly into the tube of the pipe. He then tried to pull 
it back, but the brobh remained as it was, and would not move 
from its place. He tried again, but it was the very same as 
before. In the end of the pulling, the trahneen meanly broke 
on him inside in the tube of the pipe. He jumped out over the 
fence blazing mad; he could not keep his passion in check, 
and he threw the diuid as far as he could cast it into the great 
sea. There was not a tittle out of anybody for fear of a 
quarrel, for they all knew Donal full well, and what manner 
of man he was when he would happen to be ill at ease within 


"Hi Af 

ceAnn feAtAit), i Af An bfeAt) fo bi An muf AS Oftn'oim leif 
An T)Cf AI$ 50 bos fit. Clinic Aon conn ArhAin, 1 nT)eif 0*6 
nA t)AlA, "DO Uon An cuAn fUAf 50 bAic te muf fsoto^AC PA*OA 
oeAfs. T)o pf eAb *O6mnAtt 1 n-A coit^-feAf Am i "oo cAit e pem 
Af A $ft5A AnuAf Af\ cAfn t)o'n ifmf -| *oo Oi AJ A t^ 1c1 oC te 
ptnf\fe, 'nuAifi feo ifceAC conn eite, "oo CuAit) teA : fCUAf "oe -j fut 
f A f^etm feifion cuirhneArh A^\ Aon-ni^ (ACC A^\ An mu]A) t)o -pcuAb 
Af t6i AmAC 6 1*01^ f ut P eA>0 ' * ^ 6i c T "oo f5f eA>0 AH*6ottAin, 
i!6c ni t\Aib b]Aeif -oeAbAit) At\ Aonne' nit) nAjA o'longnAt) oul 
A CAittte Cun eifion oo 


" "bei-oeA-o fe bAitce fut A fp oiCpi'Oe teAtftige 
>ttui5 "buTbe. 

Cui|\ An f Aicin Am AC -\ b'peuT) 50 ng^eAmCCAt) f6 6," Af\f A 

te n-A tinn fin -oo tiui$ An bAitceA6An -j -oo ^tAoiti i n-^t) A 
Cinn 'f A S^CA AS iApt^i-6 CAb|\A, AS fVA-0, " xVp f on T)6 -j f AOJ\ me ! 
me ! A "OAoine, fAO|v m6 ! 6 A t!)iA, CA m bAitce ! -pAojx me, 
me 6j\ti ! " Hiop fCAt) f6 "oo belt A^ cAttAipioCc mA|\ fin, 
T)O bi uCT)AC mAit Aige. 

A|\f A 'OiAfmtnt) ITlAC 

fnAmpAt) AmAC 


" HA cei$j\i$," A|\f A nA "OAoine 50 t6if\ 1 n-Aon beAt. 
)," A|\ f eifion. " Hi bei'oeA'o A tuitteAt) 

A1^ AnnfAn Amui$, AJ pAgbAit bAif Af A 

tins THiCeAt ITIeACA fAf A|\ bi\otlAC A 

" ttlAife, 50 oeimm ni fM$Aii\, if f A-OA puA|\ 50 5ctnmne6cAinn Af 
tu tiogAinc AmAC Cui^e." 

'* t)o5 "oiom," Aff A ThAfmuit), " bo^ "oo $f eim t>iom." 

" Hi bo^f AT)," AffA miCeAt meACA, " ni beA5 A bptnl CAiUte 
7 f Ain-fe ifd." "OifeAC "oonn t>o beic T)omnAtt "oe tAotf^feAT) 
Amtn$. " tli't Aonne' CAittte f 6f," Aff A T)iAfmui > o. " "bog 
oiom, A "oeifim teAC, bog "oiom ; " ACc ni bo^f At). T)o fcf AC 
feipon 6 fem uAt) -\ "oo CAit "oe A cuix) 6AT)A1$ i "oo t6im ifceAC 
'f^n rnuif i 'f An muf ; T)O f nAim AmAc cun T)omnAitt "oo bi beAg 
nAc cAbAftA i -co fCfAc ifceAC teif e Af ctimA ei$in 50 T)ci An 
cf AI$. ttnc t)omnAtt i tAi^e 'mAf Af 50 -ocAinic Af An T)CAtAm 
cifm i X)' fTAn mnci 50 ceAnn 1 bfAt). tluAif tAimc f6 cuise pein, 
oubAifc ouine 6ism teif gtif ceAfc x>o buit)eACAf oo bfeit te 

1 "DCAOb nAf bACAt) 6; 

The Thankfulness of Dermot. 3957 

All the people remained sitting for some time, and during 
that time the seaweed was drawing near the strand slowly 
and gradually. One wave came at long-last which filled the 
harbour up to the brim with branchy, long, red seaweed. 
Donal jumped to his feet, and flung himself on his hunkers 
down on a heap of seaweed, and was freeing it in a great 
fuss, when in comes another wave which went above him, 
and before he could think of anything (except the seaweed) 
it swept him clear out. He screamed and shrieked for help, 
but there wasn't too much haste on anybody a thing not to 
be wondered at to go at the peril of his life in order to 
save him. 

" Let us send up for a rope to Dermot Liath's," said Pierce 

"He would be drowned before one would reach half-way 
up," says Paddy Buidhe. 

" Put out the rake, and perhaps he would catch on to it," 
says Mick Oge. 

Just then, the drowning man screeched and called with 
erect head, and at the highest pitch of his voice, imploring 
aid, saying, " For God's sake and save me ! save me ! men, 
save me! God, I am drowned! save me, save me, oroo! " 
He never stopped but calling thus, as loud as he could, for 
he was long-winded. 

" I'll go and swim out to him him," says Dermot MacAuliffe. 

" Don't," said all the people in one voice. 

" I will," said he. " I won't be any longer looking at him 
there outside, dying before our very eyes." 

Meehawl Meata seized him by the bosom of his shirt, and 
said, "Wisha faith you won't. It is long, indeed, till I'd 
think of letting you out to him." 

"Let me go," says Dermot MacAuliffe; "loose your hold 
of me." 

" I won't," says Meehawl Meata ; " there is enough lost, and 
let you stay inside." Just then Donal screamed with a shrill 
shriek outside. "There's nobody lost yet," says Dermot; "let 
me go, I tell you, let me go," but he wouldn't. He tore 
himself from him, divested himself of his clothes, and jumped 
into the sea and into the seaweed, swam out to Donal, who 
was nearly exhausted, and dragged him with him, some way 
or other, to the beach. Donal fell into a faint just as he 
reached the dry ground, and remained in it a long time. When 
he came to himself, somebody said to him that he ought to 

3958 SeAtpun Ceicinn. 

TU bi itn bo'ofVA'6," AH r ei f 10t1 ; " mA cAim ^AbAttA, ni 

A bui'oeACAf, mAf tii m6|\ -00 bi fe im CtijvAm ; o 

AmtJi$ me 50 mbei"6inn bAitce, muccA, i if beA$ 

oo cui^eA-o re Aij\ Aiteif, seAttAim-fe "ouic ; ACC bei*6eAT> 

eAc "oo 'OiAjwiAi'o 1TlACA\mtAoib, -An peAj\ ^t^n 

n-emeA6 A CAittte 6un m6 f AOfAt). A ! A ouine, mA cAim f AO- 

1H -A "OlA A bUI-De-AC-Af t " 

-An At-Ai|\ O T)umnin.] 

lift -Aon tJt)At\ "oo t^tine -An oifeA-o te C6icmn Cum I6ie-Ann 
if tic-pi$e-Acc t)o ConsoAit beo 1 me^fs n^ n-o-Aome-At), 50 

6 te Cite 1 n-^on 

n-A cAi]Aif 51*06 T>O bi te -p.A$b-&it -A-p 6it\mn mf nA f e-An- 
tli fAib ctiAif\if5 eite te -p^bAit Com "oe-Af, Com 
pumnce if *oo te^t fe A^\ puAit) nA cife. Hi f\Aib Aomne 'n-A 
fcotAij\e -po^AncA n-d fAib eotAf Ai$e A|\ fCAi]A Ceicmn, if ni 
"oeAncA Af -pcotA^e i -pcoit 50 mbeAt) 
T>o'n " b^o^Af "peAfA." 1 meAf^ nA "ocuAtAC pm- 
ptit>e ni teompAt) Aomne Am^Af t>o ctt\ A|\ An jjcunncAf tu^Ann 
Ceicmn A|\ AbAit nA ndfeAnn te pAfcotAn, if teif An sctut) eite 
T>o'n c|\eib fin CA|\ teA|\. tli teompA'6 Aomne -p^AnAt) 5 

5^r ^ e HAt-A-|\ mme, if 5^^ CneAftug TTlAoif A 
te peAtACAib T)e. t)ioT)At\ nA -OAome feAtbui$te 
o'-pifvinne nA T^eAt fAin, if bi A n-t|A-m6i\ 'n-A mbeAt ACA, if ni 
t\Aib "OAn n-d tAoi*6 ^An CA^AI^C ^i^m -oof nA mC-p-$Aif5i-oib Af A^V 
Ceicmn. 1f T>(51$ tmn munA mbeAt) ^tjfv rsniobA-o An 
nA beAt) cwirhne nA f eAn-Aimfif e, nA AinmeACA 
nA feAn-frtAit, n-A eACcA nA teorhAn teAt com AbAit) i 
nA nt)AoineAt> if bio^A^ teit-C6At) btiAt)An 6 fom. 

1f p*ot\, 50 "oeimin, 50 f Aib nA neite f eo 1 teAbf\Aib eite 
SeAt^un 1A>0, ACC ni't ti|\-m6i\ 'oof ^^ teAb^Aib r^o te 
1 nTHu. t)o CAitteAmAtA IAT>, if c-i An " po-j\vif peA?A " 'n-A^ 
pocAt, 5An ticitA AS ceAfCAbAit Ait). CAtnAtt 6 fom 
if Afi ei^in "oo bi t)me UAfAt 1 sCui^eAt) TTltimAn nA ^Atb A mAc- 
t)o'n " foyur peAfA " 50 ceAnAtfiAit 1 scoimeAtD Ai$e. t)i 



Photographed from the painting by Jack B. Yeat* 

00 U 

' ! } 


n-A tntM 

Geoffrey Keating. 3959 

return thanks to God since he was not drowned. " Don't be 
bothering me," says he; "if I am saved, God is not to be 
thanked for it, for 'tisn't much He was in my care; He would 
leave me there outside till I'd be drowned and suffocated, and it 
is little it would affect Him, I assure you; but I will be 
thankful to Dermot MacAuliffe, the good, decent man, who 
in the face of his being lost went fo save me. Why, man alive, 
if I am saved, 

God is not to be thanked for it ! " 

Extract from " Irish Prose," by Eev. PATRICK S. DINEEN. 

No author has done as much as Keating to preserve litera- 
ture and learning amongst the people, especially the people of 
Leath Mhogha. Not that Keating wrote a very accurate or 
critical history, but he amassed into one repository the accounts 
of Ireland given in the old books. There was no other record 
to be found so neat, so well constructed as his, and it circu- 
lated throughout the country. No one was considered a good 
scholar who was not acquainted with Keating's History, and 
at school no student was considered finished till he had made 
a copy of " The Forus Feasa." Amongst the simple country 
folk no one dared to cast a doubt on the account Keating 
gives of the occupation of Ireland by Partholan and the rest 
of that band from across the sea. No one dared deny that 
Gaedheal Glas was bitten by a serpent, and that Moses healed 
his wounds in Egypt by the power of God. The people were 
convinced of the truth of these stories, and the greater portion 
of them were ready on their lips, and tnere was no poem or song 
that did not make some reference to the great heroes of whom 
Keating makes mention. It seems to us that had " The Forus 
Feasa " not been written, the remembrance of by-gone times, 
or the names of the old cEieftains, or the exploits of the 
heroes would not have been half so fresh in the minds of the 
people as they were some fifty years ago. 

It is true, indeed, that these things were to be found in other 
books, from which Keating extracted them, but the greater 
part of these books are not to be found at the present day. 
These are lost to us, while " The Forus Feasa " is with ^us, 
with not even a word or a letter wanting to it. Some time 



f At), 

061$ teif A 
6 neArh "oo 
mot\ An 

fe AS nA t>Aoimb boCcA Corh triAit leif rid nuAiflib. 1f cuirhin 
linn pem fiseAT>6i|A boCc *oo rhAi|\ i nlA^tAH CiAfApAit>e, n<Sf\ rhon 
i "oceAnncA octfAin nA tioniCe T>O bi 'n-A feilb, t>o tAifbeAm "oom 
A rhACf AriiAil "oo feinrm 50 ceAndtihAil, CAfrA i tinn-eAT>AC, if S AT1 
out AS p-difce bpeit AIJA, n4 -oiosbAit AJV bit -oo -b^AnArii -06. t)A 
$eAlt te teAbA|\ nAomtA e AJV A rheAf, if nion -oiorhAom t)o bi An 
teAbAtt fAin, tnA|\ if btAfCA cpumn "oo bi cuAi^ifS At\ SAC leatAnAC 
oe i sceAnn An i5eAT)6f\A, A^uf bA "OeACAijA ^iteArh Aip 50 |\Aib 
^" rh^it> t)o fS^'ob Cicinn Af penmuf "peA|\- 
if An Cuit) eile ACA. Ci cuirhne Cicmn p <5f i 
^i$, if n4 feACAit) t^iArii A CUIT> f AOtAi|\. 1f 
50 t\Aib OftAoi'beACc 6i^m Ap An nT>ume, n6 s u ^ 
Cum cunncAf AJA feAn "oo tAbAit>c "ouirin. Hi 
^ CjAeit) nA 'OAoine n^p "bume "OAonnA SeAt- 
l\un. T)o t^eib JAU/OA "oo b'eAt) ^, ACc 'n-A oiAit) fin bi 
Hiberniores Hibernicis ipsis. CAcoiliceAC 6 Cf oi*6eiAmAC, 
*OoCcui^ "OiA-bACcA t)o b'eAt) 6. PCA^ t^i^eAnncA i tAitun if 1 
teAb]\Aib nA n-Ait|\eAC T>O b'eAt) 6, if CAit f6 A tdn T>A fAO^At 
'f^ti bpfAinc. ACc 'nuAip t)'frat f6 A bAite tux; f6 6 f^m fUAf 
A|\ fAT) "o'obAifv nA n6AstAife te *oio$t\Aif lon^AncAi^ su^ cuifeAt) 

pUASAI^C |\6AtA A1|A, If SU|\ b'^l^eAtt t)C "OUt 1 bfOtAC 1 SCUmAJI 

ooitb i n^teAnn 6AtA|\tAC. 1f e An j^ut) if lon^AncAise 1 mbeAt- 

Alt) SeAtf Uin SO bf UA1|\ f6 UAin If CAO1 A|t nA ICAbAlfX T)O tCAfCU1$ 

UAi*6 i 5c6i|\ A feAnCAif, "oo bAitiu^At) An f Ait) "oo bi -pAn if 
Aifc A1|\. T)o fiubAit fe 50 ConnACcAib if so t)oif\e, ACc ni 
oo rheAf -oo bi AS -peAjvAib ntAt) n^ AS ConnACcAib AIJ\. 1 
cfi n6 ceAtAi|\ t)o btiA*AncAib bi An " po^uf 'feAf A " s 
cuptA i sceAnn A C^ite Aise (1631). T)o fSt^ 1 ' OD T& V&T "^ teAbAf\ 
OIA^A, " 6ocAi|\ SsiAt An Airnmn," Asuf " Cfi t)ioiA-$Aoite An 


An " f?o]\Aif peAfA," cofnui^eAnn f6 6*n bfioftof AC, if 
AnuAf 50 1200. O f e t^n -oo f eAn-fAnnAib 1 n-A mbAiti$- 
AinmeACA nA -ocjieAb *oo t^ims 50 tiifmn, if 1 n-A scuipceAf 
te Ceite nA neACcA x>o bAin teo. U^ A bfua 1 bp^of x>e, teif, 
Annfo if Annfut) tnuCCA te AinmeACAib CAoifeAC if ftAit if A 
SC|\Aob s^itieAtAC. tlio^ CeAp SeAtfun Aon mt) 6 n-A 

pem ; SAC A -ocusAnn fe -oumn nA fseAtcA, nA tieACcfAi*6e, nA 

if A^ 

f eAnteAb|\Aib T>O bi -pA rheAf AS ottAninAib if 
fe ACC IAT> T)O Cu^\ te Ceite if -D'AoncusA-o. T) 
fSjxiobA'b nA neiteAt) fin 1 nT>iu, Asf A 
nA riAimfijte f eo, ni't oeA^mAt) nA 50 
teAt-cAoib, T)O bf\ig n4 bAineAnn fiAt> te 

fe IA-O s 
Ai-Oib. Hi 
mbeAt) f 6 AS Ait- 
t^n *oo teis^Ann 
fe A t-5n -oiob i 

Geoffrey Keating. 3961 

back there was hardly a gentleman in Mimster who had not 
his copy of " The Forus Feasa " affectionately guarded. The 
poor people as well as the upper classes had it. I myself 
remember a poor weaver who lived in West Kerry, who had 
little more than enough of food for the passing day, showing 
me his copy of Keating, which was fondly wrapt up in a linen 
cloth, while children were forbidden to handle it or injure it 
in any way whatever. He looked upon it as a sacred book. 
Nor did he possess it in vain, for that weaver had an accurate, 
perfect knowledge of every page of it in his head, and it would 
be difficult to persuade him that there was any error in any 
word Keating wrote about Fennius Fearsad, Partholan and 
the rest. There is a traditional remembrance of Keating still 
amongst the people who never saw or read his work. Many 
think that the man was under the spell of magic or that he 
came from heaven to give us an account of our ancestors. 
It is not so strange that the people believed that Keating was 
not a mere human being. He sprang from a foreign stock, 
yet he was among those who were " more Irish than the Irish 
themselves." He was a Catholic of heart-felt sincerity, a 
priest, a Doctor of Divinity. He was a man versed in Latin 
and in the works of the Fathers, and he passed a good deal of 
his life in France. But when he returned home he devoted 
himself altogether to the work of the Church with astonishing 
zeal, until he was hunted and was obliged to conceal himself 
in a gloomy cave in the Glen of Aherlow. The strangest cir- 
cumstance connected with the life of Keating is that he found 
opportunity while in a state of flight to collect the books he 
required for his History, lie travelled to ConnaugHt and to 
Derry, but the Ulstermen and the Connaughtmen paid little 
heed to him. He completed the whole " Forus Feasa " within 
three or four years (1631). He also composed two spiritual 
books, " The Key-Shield of the Mass " and " The Three Shafts 
of Death." 

As regards " The Forus Feasa," it begins at the very be- 
ginning and comes down to 1200. It is full of old verses in 
which the names of the tribes who came to Erin are mentioned 
and in which the exploits with which they were connected are 
recorded. The prose portion, too, is here and there over- 
crowded with the names of chieftains and princes and with 
their pedigrees. Geoffrey did not invent anything himself; 
what he sets before us the tales, the adventures, the invasions, 
the exploits on land and sea he found them all in old books 
which were held in esteem By ollamJis and seers. All he has 

3962 SeAt^On Ciann. 

" cA seAtt te citf ceAt> btiA-oAn 6 
f oin, A^tif n! nionsnA*6 nA jiAib An oit\eAT> fAm AtfifAif i -OCAOI& 

pi't\inne nA n-ACc fo An CjtAt fAin. A^uf if niA^ An sceA-onA 
ATI rs&At AS cioj\tAib eite: UA A tAn AC if eAcc^A i 
nA ttoriiA T)O C^ei-o nA tlorhAnAij 50 motntAn 1 n-Aimfi 

pint lonticA ACc wif f^^AtCA HA t>pleA'6. x\f An n6f 
ni 6itteAnn Aon fsotAi^e Anoif *o'6ACcAit) tlenpfc if 
^ teit6 ( oii'6it> ^'eACcfAiiiit) 1 feAnCAf nA t)|\eACAine; 

'n-A ttiAni -pm, ni ceAf\c A OeAjunA'o 50 mbionn 
mf HA rs^AtcAitt feo -DO $nAt. Hio|\ Cum nA t:ait)e 
T)cif 5 An oeAttfAfh 61 gin *oo tteit Ai]\ nee fingunt omnia 
Cretce ciot> 50 sctn^ceA^ teif 1 ^it nA rnbtiA*6An, 1 t)C|\eo n^ 
pA -Oei^eAt). b'otc An t)Ait A^ ti^ nA beit> wi|\- 
"oo'n cfA$Af fAin c^inni$te if meAf^tA Cfi-o A 
. t3A CorhA^CA 6 nA fAit) pte nA pAit) te 
A "OAoineAt), if nA|A rh6|\ ACA A CAit nA A 

1f AtAinn An t)ion-t)t\ottAC A CuipeAnn SeAtfvun te n-A " 

O ceACc An X)A|\A tlenfi AnAtt CtJ^Ainn if foirhe, 
-pof nA ftJAitrineAf nA II$ > OAI^ SAgfAnnAi^ ACc A 

eAtcA Aitife A^\ A^ n"outCAf. 5 1 1 A t xo1> >oe 
CAnroen, "hAntnejA, if An C|\eAt> -p A1t1 U1 ^ e n ^ 
A6c finn "oo 6f pA Coif A^\ "ocijif, if 6 Ceip fin of\tA, 
oo rriAftt5At) i fcA|\tAit> -p A ^f A ^5 u f CA 1^ ^ 1 f A T* bpeA^Ann "oo 
bAinc "oinn, t)A b^eA^tJige if t)A tAfCAifmje T>O biot)A|\ 'nA 
T)o t5 SeAtf\un pufcA 'f An "oion-b^ottAC te pumneArh if te 
T)o -pcoit f e Af A Ceite An fvAimeif niAfttn$teAC t)o CUIJA An 
'n-A teAbAf, nio|\ pA^-fe pumn *oo ScAnitiu|\fc ^An ^eAbA-6, if 

-A tAirrie Af CAnroen if A-JA Spenfe^. 50 -oeinim if 
te 5Aif5it>eA6 mCt\ eigm e te Com CutAinn n6 Aicitt A 
ifm steAfCA 'n-A tAirti, eA"OA6 ptAcA 6 rhuttAC cinn 50 
C|\oi$tit> Aif, if e AS 5AbAit te -010$^ Aif if te > oiAn-freif\5 A|\ nA 
beA^A f o t>o t>eA|\t!)tii5 eiteAt i gcoinnit) A t>utCAif, if T>O 
A rhtunnceAjt. *OA mbeAt) f6 AJ\ mAi^ceAn 1 nt>ni, tAt)A|\- 
fe pAobAjt bACA "oof nA feAn6Ait)ib ACA Anoif pA 
Pt vou>oe 1 f ^T 1 tf^c ArhtAoini, if A^ "hume. 

XVoei|t f e 'n-A t)ion-bt\ottAC : 

T>A. f5|\1obAnn A^\ ij\mn nAC AS lAVAi'o toCcA 
coibeitne "oo tAbAi^c t>o feAn-^AttAib A^uf *oo 
; blot) A piA'bnuipe fin A|\ An ceifc t>o 

itvfc, tlAnmefi, CAin>oen, 
, CAtnpion, Agtif gAC ntiA-6-gAtt eite t)A 

Geoffrey Keating. 3963 

done is to put them together and reconcile them. If he were 
to re-write these things now, having his mind filled with the 
learning of to-day, there is no doubt that he would set aside 
a good deal of them as not pertaining to true history. But he 
wrote " The Forus Feasa " almost 300 years ago, and it is 
not strange that so little doubt was cast on the truth of these 
events at that period. SucE, too, is the case in other countries. 
There are many stories and wonders in Eoman History which 
the Komans fully believed in the time of Virgil and Ovid, 
but which are only the romances of the poets. In the same 
way no scholar now believes in the exploits of Hengist and 
Horsa nor in such like wonders in the History of Britain. 

At the same time it should be remembered tHat there is 
usually a substratum of truth in such stories. The poets did 
not originally invent a story without there being some appear- 
ance of reality in it. " The Cretans even do not invent all 
they say " though the tale is added to in the course of years, 
in such wise that one woulcl not recognise it at last. It were 
not well for a country not to have romances of this kind 
amassed together and mingled with its history. It were a 
sign that there did not spring up for generations either a poet 
or a seer amongst her people, and that the people did not prize 
her honour and glory. 

Geoffrey prefixes a splendiol 'Apologia to his " Forus Feasa/' 
From the coming over to us of Henry the Second and previous 
to that date the English authors never ceased from writing 
lies and disgraceful calumnies about our country. Gerald 
Barry, Stanihurst, Cam den, Hanmer and all that tribe only 
wanted to trample us under foot at first, and since that failed 
them, to insult us by fallacious histories, and when they took 
our land from us, they were more lying and insulting to ua 
than ever. Geoffrey attacked them in the Apologia with 
vigour and fury. He tore asunder the insulting rubbish 
Barry had put together in his book, he did not leave much of 
Stanihurst that he did not rend to bits ; heavy is the weight of 
his hand falling on Camden and on Spenser. Indeed, he is 
like some great champion, like Cuchulainn or Achilles, his 
arms ready in his hands, clad in armour from head to foot, 
while he strikes down with zeal and fierce wrath those 
diminutive persons who gave false evidence against Eis coun- 
try and who insulted his people. 

Were he alive to-day he would belabour with his staff's edge 
the historians who are held at present in esteem, Froude, 
Macaulay and Hume. He says in the Apologia: 

" There is no historian who treats of Ireland that does not 

3964 SeAtfun Ceicmn. 

foin AtriAC, ionnuf 5U|VAbe n<5 f beAsr.AC An r\iotnpottAin t>o 
A 5 fSfiooAX) Af\ 6if\eAnnACAib . . . . if e "oo ^mx) criomAt) 
AJA beAfAib fo-'bAomeAt) A^uf CAitteAC mbeAj n-uif-ifeAt Af. 
niAit-gniorh nA n uAfAt 1 nT>eAf\rnAT>, A^uf -An rheix) A 
f nA feAn-jAefteAtAib T>O bi AS Aiciu$At) An oiteAin feo 
nA fe^n $Aitt," -]C. 

1f mime 

if oeirhm 511^ tno-p A ttpuil, "oo CoftfiAiteACc eAcot\tA A]\Aor5. 
CAinc SeAt|\un "oeAf, fimput>e, mitif-t)|MAtf\A6, rnAf CAinc 
An cSeAnCAif." S^AnAit) AfAon bAot-ocAil, neArn- 
neArh-^Ai"6tneArhtA, ACc 'n-A n-ionAt) ACA pumneAtti if 
tine t)^ fCA|\tAitt. CuitMT) ApAon ifceAt nA nuit\- 

te n-A T>cits 5^n Arh|\Af TJO Cf AI\ A 
t)'e hejAo-ooctif An CeAt) fCAif\it>e T)O CuijtfeAnCAf 

inneAf, A^uf ^10*6 gu|\ t>'pAT)A 'n-A tHAni t>o 
f e, t> C6iumn An CeAT) f eAnCAit>e T)'O|\ > OUI$ if "oo 
, if 1 n-eA5Ai]\ feAnCAf nA n^Ae^eAt: T)o t)Ain nA 

RorriAnAi$ A tAn Af fCA|AtAit> tle^o'ooctiif, 
J fAn ^cuniA sc^A-onA tug Column mntteAft A nT>6tAin -oof nA 
pliftit) ^Ae'OeAlACA, o'Aot)A5An "UA RAtAiUe, -oo 
tTlAC "OotfinAUt, if o'GotjAn RuAt). ACc ni 
ouAot) nA pi|\mne, n^ peA|\5 Cum nArhAT) A Cife A^\ An 
tHonn f^ dtJin, focAi|\, f^itn i 5corhnuit)e 1 meAf5 fCAf\A if 
f 5611, et quidquid Grcecia mendax audet in historiis, ACC ni 
An 5 Ae> ^ eA ^ A6 f uAinne "oo CeA|\c n^S t)o CAit A Ci|\e te n-A 

ObAif\ tei$eAncA, ooirhm if eAt> " U^i thoj\-$Aoite An t)Aif," 
n t)o ftrmAinuit> "oiAiiA if "oo rhA6cnArh pAit>nieArhA t AJ\ An 
t)AonnA, if A|\ A C|M'o6. 1f lon^AncAC A^V to^ f6 Af 

1f Af Olt>t\eACAltt nA nAOHl, A^Uf 1f btAfCA C^ An 

f A-o f\omnce 1 teAb^Aib A^uf i n-AtcAib. A6c if c|\om, 

An CAinc ACA Ann 6 tiiif 50 "oei^eAt), biot) 50 bftiit fi 
tAfCA fUAf Annfo if Annfux) te fgeAt beAg $|\eAnnniA|\ mAfv An 
f Am Af " tTlAC HeccAn." 

An-t6i$eAncA i nx)iAt)A6c if i ndfAnnAib nA hBA^tAife if 
giAt An Aif j\mn." Hi teip -ouinn Aon u$'OAf eite 
An oi|\eAT) fAin -oo tuAififg Af neitib bAineAf teif An 
Corn beAOc, Corh cmnce fin 1 teAbAf t)A rheit). ACc 
r n-A teAnnrA f Ain r cA An CAmc Coni fimptit)e, Corn ^feAnncA, Corh 
bmn, e-om b|\io^fh<xf fAin, ^An t/Aot-f octAib n^k f Aifjcib CAfCA 
"o'AoinneAC 6 tei$eAt) 5f i n-om. 

Geoffrey Keating. 3965 

endeavour to vilify and calumniate both the old English 
settlers and the native Irish. Of this we have proof in the 
accounts of Cambrensis, Spenser, Stanihurst, Hanmer, Cam- 
den, Barclay, Morrison, Davis, Campion, and every other 
English writer who has treated of this country since that time, 
so that when they write of the Irish, they appear to imitate 
the beetle . . . This is what they do, they dwell upon the 
customs of the vulgar and fEe stories of old women, neglecting 
the illustrious actions of the nobility and everything relating 
to old Irish who were the inhabitants of this island before 
the English invasion." 

Geoffrey has often been called the Irish Herodotus, and, 
indeed, both closely resemble one another. Geoffrey's style is 
pretty, simple, smooth and harmonious, like that of the Father 
of History. Both avoid turgfd, feeble, unsubstantial words, 
but instead there is vigour and strength in every line of their 
narratives. Both insert the romances that pertain to their 
country, without raising a doubt as to their truth. Herodotus 
was the first historian who gave a regular methodical history 
of the Greeks, and, though he came long after, Keating was 
the first historian who regulated and arranged in proper order 
the history of the Gaels. TRe poets, both Greek and Roman, 
drew largely on the accounts of Herodotus, and in the same 
way Keating gave food enough to the Irish poets, to Egan 
OEahilly, to John Claragh MacDonnell and to Eoghan Ruadh. 
But we miss zeal for his country and rage against her enemies 
in the Greek. He is ever calm, gentle, steady in the mfdst of 
history and romance, " and whatever lying Greece has the 
courage to put in her histories." But the Irishman woulbl not 
let a particle of his country's fame and right go undisputed 
with her inveterate foe. 

" The Three Shafts of DeatH " is a deep, learned work, full 
of holy thoughts and of profound meditation on human life 
and on its end. He has drawn with astonishing fulness on 
the old authors and on the works of the saints, and the entire 
work is neatly divided into books and sections. But from 
beginning to end, the style is heavy and Latin-like, though it 
is occasionally lit up with a humorous story like that of " Mac 

" The Key-Shield of the Mass " is a work of great learning 
in theology and in Church ritual. "We do not know any 
author who gives such a full account of the things that per- 
tain to the Mass, so exact, so accurate in a book of its size. 
But in addition to this, the style is so simple, so deliglitful, so 
melodious, so forceful, without turgidity of words or entangled 

3966 6oifv n6 fiAf\ if peAjAH -An bAite~ 

C Airnfin Ceinnn AnuAf nio^ r^ttiobA-o A t&n T>O pttOf bunA 
*Oo ctnjteAt) A^6bAj* eAecfUxi-ue te 6eite A$uf f^eAtcA AJ 
niotfiAfvt;Aib AtAC, A$uf ni rn6|t 'n-A "oceAnncA fAin. "Do ttn$ 
eAt>Af nA nu-OAit\ 5Aet>eAtACA AJ\ 
ttntif, AOitimn A J;CUIT> oAn if 

n6 fi-Afv if peA|\|\ An 

(te ti-HnA ni 

An CAfAn teif A$ -oeAnAfh A|\ tAoib nA n-AiltCf\eA6 t)o'n 

UhiotYiAin fe Aif 50 "oci 50 t\Ait> f6 Af\ t>Af\f\ nA 
T)o fUAT) fe Annfin. ^ S^t^ tfieAn txii'Di^ An -peA^ e, *oo t>i An 
ueAnnAt) 50 "OAinjeAn Aif, -\ nio^ rhifoe t)<3 A fgit "oo 

An geAtAC 50 nAjAt) f A fpits ^5f t>o bfrei'oiix An c-oite,dn 
An f Ai^fv^e o'peicfin 50 glAn f oitei|\. 
T)o b'Attjmn citim An c-ArhA|\c T)o t>i of A 
|\oi-Oe An cfeAn-f:if\ T>O bi An^At) A|\ 
nA|\ Ai|\ij f6 A Cotfi "oeAf if t)o fAttittii$ An "oorhAn 1 n 
Hi j\Aiti A |?1 of ACc A5 T)1A ArhAin CAT) "DO tii '5^ fuAtAt). 
Cti|\Ait f^ A L&tfiA of cionn A cmn, A^uf A*out)Ai|\c of 
" liom f em if eAt> e ! "Liom-f A AfhAin ! Tli f tut eAn-bAinc A^ 
otnne AJ\ bit eite teif. *O'iocAf 50 mAit Af 50 oiAn-tfiAit ! " 

Afl A$ATO teif A|\1f A5 flllbAt A^Uf A^ f1f\-f1UbAt, 'OifeAC 1f t)A 

mbeAt) 'n-A AigneAt) fcoi^m A c^oi^e -oo tA5 > o5A-6 Ajt An nof 

tliof b'f? A"OA "66 AS itnteAcc mA|\ fin 50 *oci 50 ^ Aib fe 1 
oo nA HAittct\eACAib. 

Annf om T>O fCAt) f^ 50 hobAnn, mAf\ bA "661$ teif 50 
f6 5tit T)uine eijm. Ctiuip fe ctuAf le neif 
oo b'ArhtAit) "o'eif A5A ( t> "o'Amfi^ 50 fAib fe cmnce 'n-A tAoib. 
5t mnA AS CAO1 "oo b'eAt) e, ^An 56. 

/d^ rnb^ eAtnugAT) "66 A^ An AI^T) Af A "ocAinij; An f?uAim, bA tei|\ 
66, f^AtAtti beA5 UA1-6, "otune ei^eAn teA^tA teif An sctAitte. 

f6 teif An Aic, Aguf -o'Aifi$ f6 $An rhoitt 5^^ b'i 1Tl^i|\e 
"oo bi Ann |\oinie. 

tli fAib A fnof Aici -oume n-d OAon'OAi'de -oo belt i n-A riAice, 
-oo f\eAb fi te neA|\c fgeom nuAip t>o teAg f6 A tAtfi A|\ A 

East, West, Home's Best. 3967 

expressions, that anyone might easily read it even at the 
present day. 

From Keating's time onward not much original prose was 
written. A number of adventures and stories about the ex- 
ploits of giants was composed but very little more. Irish 
authors betook themselves to the composition of verse, and 
sweet and delightful were tHe poems and songs they composed. 




(Miss Agnes O'Farrelly.) 

THE dancing had not long begun when the Cneamhaire slipped 
out unnoticed. 

Up the path he went towards the cliff side of the island. 
Still onwards until he was on the top of the height. He 
paused there. Though a strong, stout man, age was pressing 
on him, and he had, perforce, to rest. 

The moon was high in the sky, and the island and the sea 
could be plainly seen. The scene before him was beautiful 
and calm, but within the heart of the old man a storm was 
raging. Thus it was he did not notice how beautiful the world 
seemed about him. God only knew what was oppressing him. 

He waved his arms above his head and spoke aloud: 

" It is my own ! Mine alone ! Nobody else has any claim 
to it. I paid well for it right well." 

On he went again, walking, ever walking, just as if he had 
it in his mind thus to subdue the storm in his heart. 

He was not long walking at that rate until he drew near to 
the cliffs. 

Then he stopped suddenly, for he thought he heard some- 
body's voice. He set himself to listen, and after a short space 
of time he was certain of it. The voice of a woman crying, 
that it was, without doubt. 

When he looked towards the place whence the sound came 
he saw clearly somebody leaning against the fence. 

He drew near, and perceived at once that it was Maire Bhan 
who was there before him. 



if p e.Afn -An 

*' HA cof f tn$, A leAnAib. HA biot) pAicCeAf ofc, Cof Af bit ! " 

Hi "oubAifc TYIAife pocAl, AS^f feo Af ASAIX) 6 le n-A CUIT> 

" Hi ceAfc T)uic, A TTItiAife, A fc6if , beit Amui$ 1 n-Aonf AIC i 
An oi^Ce ACA Ann. UA An comluA'OAf AS pmfeACc teAC 'fA 

Hi meAfpAt) emneAC suji b'e An CneAtiiAife -oo bi AS CAinc. 

tie ! A 

StiAmAif ! 

An cuf A 


HA t>AC tiom ! 

AS -oo 

f A 

t)tib|\A > OA]\ liom, A ttlhAi|\e, 5uj\ cu 
An cut\Af i An AifoeAp feo, 11156 nAC 
mbAite i AS peA-OAp PA-OA ! " 

" Utuse, A n-eAt) ? cA p^t 50 te6^ leif, rntnf, ACC CIA An 

AS cAinc Anoif ? " Ap An coifvc, "oo fit nA -oeo^A t6iti -j 
fi A|A stit^A^if. 

Hioj\ Cui|\ An CneArhAijAe ifceA6 ui^i An fAiT> "oo teAn fi 
AS CAOI, ACC niiAi|\ x)'ei^i$ fi niof ciume AI\ bAtt 
01 CIA An f At t)i beit AS imteACc Af 6i|teAnn. 

" HA ceit opm ein-Ceo -oo'n f i't\mne " Ai\f' feif eAn f A 
" CAT) f AOI nt>eAf\A 50 bpuit cu AS imteACc Ainn ? " 
" 'Oo b|\i$ s ttpuit eAf bAit) AI^SI-O ot\m " A|\f An CAitin 


" An c-Ai|\seA*o ! An c-Ai^seAX) ! " Af\f' An CneArhAife 50 neAni- 
f?ois > oeAC, " 'S e An fseAt ceAT)nA e 1 scomnAit)e ; ACu biot) 'fiof 
ASAC, A CAitin, 50 bfuit A tAn i\u-OAi 'f A -oorhAn niof p eA|\^ 1 bp AX> 
'nA An c-Ai^seA-o pem." 

Hi tt>s tTlAi^e f i\eAS^A AJA bit A1|\, "oo bi An oif\eAT> f om 

CA1f t!1^fV1. 


bf nit 

otnc e fin ? " 
" UA peAt)A|\ 

nA T)AtAC, *'ACC ni 


Af\f feif eAn 

if pio|\ 

, Af f A TTIAif e i nt)ei]A- 
HAC bfuifoit ASAC pein 'fAn 

pA|\T)un ASAC, A SneAtriAif ; ni $A 


f An 

ACAim, CO|A Af bit. 

" Hi p uit pocAt bfeise Ann, A mgeAn 6. 1f mop I mo -Dull 
te leAt-CeAT) btiAt)An, ACc ni f Aib An fseAt mA|\ fin 
t)hi tA eite ASAUI t)ni me 6s ~\ biof 1 nsf^t) Com 
teAC-f A, i b'peix)i|\ niof -ooimne 'nA mAf AcAif-fe. t)niof boCc, ] 
bi fife boCc, pfeifin. T)'fA5bAf mo CeAt) ftAn Aid i T)O bAiti- 
eAf Horn 50 nAimeifiocA te CAfnAn Ai|\siT) -oo Cu|\ Af mum A 
Ceite i te beAn UAfAt -oo "OeAnAm -oom' fpeif-beAn. "O'imti$eAf 
Uom fiAf sf ffoiCeAf lAftAf nA ScAc nAoncuiste. CHAiteAf 
fomnc btiAT>AncA Ann ] -o'eifis An fAo$Al tiom 50 seAl. 1f 

East, West, Home's Best. 3969 

She did not know that there was man or mortal near her, 
and she started in affright when he laid his hand on her head : 

" Do not stir, child. Don't be the least afraid." 

Maire did not say a word, and he proceeded : 

"It is not right for you, Maire a stoir, to be out alone this 
night. The company are watching for you in the kitchen." 

Nobody would think it was the Cneamhaire who was talking. 

" Och! 'Seamas! Is it you that is in it? Don't mind me! 
I must give way to my sorrow. I shall be the better of it after 
a little." 

" But they told me, Maire, that it is you yourself are 
accountable for this journey. Why would you not stay at 
home with your mother and with Peadar Fada? " 

" Why is it? '.there is plenty of reason for it; but what 
is the use of talking now? " Her tears fell on the moment 
and she began to cry again. 

The Cneamhaire did not disturb her whilst she wept, but 
when she grew calmer by-and-by, he asked her why she was 
leaving Ireland. 

" Don't conceal one scrap of the truth from me/' he said at 
last. " What is the cause of your leaving us? " 

" Because I am in want of money," said the poor girl. 

" Money ! money ! " said the Cneamhaire impatiently. " The 
same story always; but know, girl, that there are plenty of 
things in the world better far even than money." 

Maire was so surprised that she did not answer him. 

" Have you not Peadar," he said, " and is not that enough 
for you? "' 

" I have Peadar it is true for you," said Maire at long 
last; "but I don't understand you. Don't you yourself care 
for money? Forgive me, Seamus; it is not upraiding you with 
it I am at all." 

u There is not a word of lie in it, girl. I have been eager 
for money for the past fifty years; but it was not so with 
me always. I was once otherwise. I was young, and I was 
in love as well as you. I was poor, and she was poor also. 
I bade her a long farewell, and I took myself off to America 
to put some money together, and to make my sweetheart a 
lady. I moved on till I reached the west of the United States. 
I spent some years there, and the world throve with me. I 
used seldom get a letter from Ireland, except, now and again, 
a couple of words from her, to say she was well, or the like 
of that. 

Once, a year went by, and never a word from her. I could 

3970 Soij\ n<5 piAf\ if peAnp AII bAite. 

A.nnArh A $eibmn teici|A 6 6if\mn ACc .Affirm cuptA pocAt Anoif I 
Aj\if uAiti-feAn 'A jUt) 50 pAib fi 50 mAit, Aguf A teitenM fin. 

" Aon uAif\ AtfiAin CuAit) btiA"6Ain tApAinn -| ^Ati pocAt A^AITI 

UAltl. tllOfl b'pl"O1Jt tlOtn A ptltAnS belt An CUAIJttfS t>1f|\1, 1 6 

tAj\tA ATI c-Atn fin 50 pAib pomnc mAit AifycjiT) 1 "ocAifsit) A^A, 
tug m6 AjAit) A|\ An rnbAite A|\if. OC ? mo t^An 5^Af\ if mo 
tomAti ttiAin ! ni i\Ait> |\orhAm ACc A tiuAi. 'SAn A1$ C^AT^nA 
ctJi|\eAt) nA corhtit\fAin mils nAC m6fv, t>tiAt>Ain nA 5O|\UA. SAit- 
ifceAC te C6ite 1AT) i n-^An-pott AmAin. 

6 A "OtnA nA nsfvdfUA ! i AS pAjO^it tiAip teif An oc^Af A^ 

An t)6tAi|\ i mife i bpAT) Aiti -j ^An fm6AfA6i'o eotAif 
A|\ A cAf ! Sife 5An -put) te cup i n-A b^At AICI -\ mife 
i nAimeipioc4 mo ^OCA t^n 50 beAt -D'AiiAseAT)." 

T)o fAttituij ^A'OAn An cfeAn-if\ 50 mititeA6 fA folAf nA 
Aije. T)'iomptii$ f6 tiAiti beA^An ~\ C^om fe 
An bpAipfse 6 tuAi'Os 

t)hi A fMOf A5 !TlAi|\e 50 j\Aib f6 AS "oeAnA 
m6i|\ btiAt>nA nA sofACAn tAf 1 ^ComDAe TTInie6 *] nio]\ teig f! 
pocAt Af\ txi|\. t n-A leAbAit) fin, if AmtAit) 50 ^5 fi AJ\ 
Aif. T)'AitM$ fi puA|\ gAn bfi$ gAn pumneAm i; 

t)!ii An cAitin A bAittCt\it ACc ni ptiACc nA noi'oCe 
e. Hiof\ b'6 An CneAmAijAe *oo bi op A comAi^ ACc CAi-obfe -o'eiiM^ 
6uici Af tAeteAnncAib A 0150. 

" A SheAmAif boiCc ! A SheAmAif boiCc ! " A|\f' fife of if eAt. 
flio|\ 6ui]\ An feAn-peA|\ eAn-cfuim mnci, ACc t)'f An f6 
AmA6 "DO tAoib An T)tiA "bneinn *OeA5 ^An cofi]VAi$e Af . 

t)nio > OA|\ mA|\ fin A|\ peAt) CAmAitt rhAit Aimfi|\e. 

" "b'peiTHH 5ti|\Ab 6 An p^t 50 bptiit "ouit AgAm J f Ari 
A|\f ' An CneAmAi|\e pA "Oei^eAt), " 5i\ iocAf Com "OAO^ fin * f . 
t)ionn An c-Ai^geAT) mA|\ ptut op cotriAif mo t)A fuit 50 F oeAf5, 
50 t>eA|\5 1 5comnAi > Oe. 1f mAf fin A Cim-fe e." 

T)o Cf\om TTlAife A ceAnn fiof ) ^65 fi A tAim. T)'AIJM$ SeAmAf 
ctucim teiti. 

A|\Aon 1 n-A "ocofu 50 ceAnn 
" Hi imteojAt) Af An oite^n, Cop Ap bit," Af fA ITIxSife 50 

" Hi imteojA cti. An n-eAt) ? An 6 pn A n-Abf Ann c ? 
An -ocmseAnn cu 'n-A CeA|\c m^A-o nA boCcAnACcA A beAf A$ 
eAt) O|vc Annfeo, mA f?AnAif ? " 

" Hi pint "oume 'f A "oorhAn A tui^eAnnf niof peAff 'n^ mipe 
Corn Cf\om f A bionnf An ^AnncAf -\ An boCcAnACc A^ gAbdit T>o 
mumncif -^fAnn ACr 'n-A t>iAit> fin pein pAnpAt) 'p^ tnbAite i 
n-Ainm *O6." 

East, West, Home's Best. 3971 

not bear to be without tidings of her, and since it happened, 
that time, that I had a good deal of money saved, I faced for 
home. Och! my sharp sorrow and my lasting woe! I found 
only her grave before me. In the same grave nearly all the 
neighbours were buried, the famine year. They were all cast 
into the one hole." 

" Oh ! God of Grace ! she dying with hunger by the side 
of the road, and I far from her, without a gleam of knowledge 
as to her state ! She without anything to put in her mouth, 
and I beyond in America, my pocket chock-full with money ! " 

The face of the old man looked wan in the light of the moon. 
He turned from her a little and gazed out over the sea to the 

Maire knew that he was thinking deeply of the big grave 
of the famine year up in County Mayo, and she never let slip 
a word. Instead, she took hold of his hand. She felt it cold 
and nerveless and clammy. 

The girl was trembling, but not from the coldness of the 
night. It was not the Cneamhaire who was before her, but 
a ghost which came to her from the days of his youth. 

" Poor Seamas ! poor Seamas ! " she said softly. The old 
man did not heed her, but continued to look towards the Twelve 
Pins without ever stirring. 

Thus they remained for a long while. 

" Perhaps the reason I have such a desire for money," said 
the Cneamhaire at last, " is because I paid for it so dearly. 
Money is like blood before my two eyes red, red, always. 
That is how I see it." 

Maire bent her head and kissed his hand. Seamas felt a 
tear falling from her. 

They were both silent for a time. 

" I shall not leave the island at all," said Maire hastily. 

"You will not go, is it, Is that what you say? But do 
you rightly understand the greatness of the poverty that will 
weigh on you if you stay? " 

" There is no one in the world understands better than I do 
hov; heavy want and poverty lie on the people of Aran; but, 
even so, I shall stay at home, with the help of God." 

" It is well, 5 ' said the Cneamhaire. 

The next morning the island folk went eastwards, one by 

3972 oij\ no" fiAj\ if peAnn AH 

" O 50 triAit," Apr' AH CneArhAip e." 

la" AH n " A &AIVAC cuAt)X)At\ mtnnnceAjA An 
nx)iAit) A ceite f 01-p 50 X)Ci An pAn^n; t)ni nA CUJVACA i sc6i|\ curn 
tiA scAitini "oo bi te -out tAp teAj\ x>o bpeit AJ\ bopx) An long- 

50 bpt>it ctifA AS c-Aome-A-O ? " -AffA pe-A-OA|\ 
tTlAi|\e bliAn A ^ut Com m,Ait te c^6. " 1f 
ne A t>6Af ^5 CAOineAt) in "oo liiAit)." 

i rroiAit) n-A c-Aitini Ac-A A ci 

" An t)A |\i|\it) -AC^ cu, A tDTiAife ? 'A|\ ti'o6,' ni 
t>eit AS -ponttiAiT) pwm 111-0111 -j uAtAC A|\ mo Cfoi'de." 

" Hi AS "oeAtiArh ponrhAiT)' puc ACAIITI, muif . UA m'lnnonn 

XJAm Af -pAIIACC t6AC, dbe t)OCC fA1"6t)1^ Cu, TlO Clt)6 An 

A cAitpimit) t>eit AS peiteAtfi te n-A Ceite." 
Hi CjAeiT>j:eA > 6 peAX)Ait A CtiiAfA pem. 
" 1f AS mASA'6 ptim AC-d cu, CA me AS ceApAt) ." 
" Hi neAt) 50 t)eimin ! Hi -CeAnpAinn A teitei-o o]\c AJ\ An 

" Cf eiT>im t Anoif, muif. ACc ni tuis^i -AH fS^-At COJA A^\ 
bit. CAT) A tus o|\c An c-AtA^tigAt) mncmn* feo ? " 

A bi AS^m Afeif, A ptieA'OAif, n<3 b|\ionst6iT>, mA|t 


1 T>O geASAib n^ sM* "o'emne' i t)o C^oi-Oe. t)tii cii 
it)' lAfs^f 6 Compo^CArhAit Annfo. t)tii mife t'eif Aimei|\iocA, 
ctCcA fiot)A ojMtt i IIACA s^^f^-A S "o&Af te |\ibini Astif A teit- 
ei"oi eite, Ai^seAT) mo *66tAinc im' fpA^n ASAUI i 'c tute dneAt 
niAom' im' feitb. t)tiiof-fA AS SAb^itc ftiAf An b6it|tin 1 n-Aice 
nA |toitis' i me AS ceACc A bAite. CAfAt) t)Am Annfin tu, ACc 
Aitm cu me, cop A|\ bit." 
tThfe TTIxiipe tDliAn,' At)ubfiAf teAC. 

Hi cu,' A|\f A cuf A 50 peAps^c ; * ni cu 50 "oeimm. t)ni 
e mo THriAipe fe 1 n-A CAit n 05 ftAccrhAp, As^f CAT) mAjt 
-f A ? SeAn-beAn pofCAtfiAit $i\AnT)A tu ACA co^tJiste 
*nAr< ^)eAc6is 1 nsiobtACAib f|\oit. Hi cufA TTlAife 50 "oeimin.' 

*"O'eACAf -piof 1 bpott uifs^ ^ tii CAOib tiom -j X)O b J 6 fin An 
c6A*o tAi|\ "D'Ai^seAf me pem AOf T>A s^ Ari>o ' d > ^^ A 11 CCAJ\ 
" ' 1f rnif e TTlAi|\e tDliAn,' A-oubf Af Afifw 
" T)'freA6 cu opm Annfin it)ip An t)^ f uit i An pAT) A biof 
Aon teAC niop tos cu t)o fuite t)iom. 

' 1f AmtAiX) At)ei|\ cu,' A|\f A cuf A, ' ACC ni cf\eiT>im tti ni ctjf A 
An TTlliAipe A t)ct5Af s^At) x>i PAT> 6. Uniof 'f An f oitis ux) 

East, West, Home's Best. 3973 

one, towards the slip. The curachs were ready to bring the 
girls who were going abroad on board the steamer. 

" Why are you ' caoining ' ? " said Peadar Fada, when 
Maire Bhan raised her voice like the others. "It is we who 
shall be ' caoining ' after you.' " 

" I am ' caoining ' for the girls who are about to leave us," 
said Maire. 

"Are you serious, Maire? In troth, it is not right for 
you to make fun of me to-day and a load on my heart." 

" It is not making fun of you I am, maiseadh. I have my 
mind made up to stay with you, whether you are rich or poor, 
or however long we must wait for each other." 

Peadar would not believe his own ears. 

"It is making fun of me you are, I am thinking." 

' It is not indeed ! I would not do the like on you for the 

" I believe you now, indeed ! But I don't understand the 
story a bit. What caused you this change of mind? " 

" A vision I had last night, Peadar, or a dream, as you 
might say. I thought that you had become an old, contrary 
man, without energy in your limbs, or love to anyone in your 
heart. You were a comfortable fisherman here. I had come 
back from America. I had a silk cloak on me, and a hat 
beautifully decked with ribbons and such like things, with 
plenty of money in my purse and every kind of means in my 
possession. You were going up the lane near the graveyard 
when I was on my way home. I met you there, but you did 
not recognise me at all." 

" ' I am Maire Bhan,' I said. * You are not,' you replied 
angrily ; ' not you, indeed. Maire my Maire was a fine 
young girl ; and what about you ? A proud, ugly, old woman, 
titivated like a peacock in silken rags ! You are not Maire 
Bhan indeed.' 

" I looked down in a pool of water beside me, and that was 
the first time I noticed myself old and ugly. You were right." 

" ' I am Maire Bhan,' I said again. 

" You looked at me then between the two eyes, and as long 
as I was with you you did not lift your eyes from me. 

" * So you say, but I don't believe,' you said. ' You are not 
the Maire I loved long ago. Down in the graveyard yonder 
I would rather her to be than to resemble you now. I don't 
know you at all.' And saying that, you went off. I was 


6oif r\6 fiAf if f eAff An bAite* 

liotn i 'belt 'nA" belt mAf cufA Anoif. Hi Aitni$im tu Cof Af 
bit.' A$uf '5^ fA-6 fin, Af 50 bfA teAC. t>tiiof pA'gtA im' 
AonAfAn 50 bfonAC. Sm i ATI bfionsttii-o A bi ASA. HAC Aif- 

? " 

" Hi fruit cu IT*' feAn-beAn p6f, A fum ! T)o b'-dgrhAf AC An 
115101*0 "DAm-fA i, cib f^eAt e. Aguf, An n-AbfAnn cu, 4 


TTIAi|\e 511^ Ce-A^c "oi f$At An ChneAniAi|\e T)'mnfinc 
AICI UAI*. tTlA|\ fin At)ubAifAC fi : 

-00 T)hiA, 

" tlA6 m(5|\ An c-ion^AncAf nAC mb^ite^ A^ b]\Ait te T>O *6iot 
'f:AbAit ? " A'OubAi^c AtAi]\ pneA'OAi|\ teif cuptA tA i n-A 
fin. " HAC *oeAf OAtAtfiAit An CAitin i TTI4i|\e CtiACAC, m- 
$eAn nA bAinc|\eAbAi$e tiAp i jCionn An t)hAite ? " 

Cnui]\ peAt)A|\ ctuAf te neifceACc Aif p^in. T)A mbA guf ttnc 
An $jMAn AnuAf Af An fpeif ni CuijvpeA'6 f6 niof m6 

tli f Aib f6 i n-mmrh oit\eAT> te f ocAt "00 

" U-A f 6 1 n-Atn t)o Ch^ic, ft\eipn, cu^ puiti i n--Aic T)i f em. tli 
bei|\c rhAigifupe^f te Ceite i n-em-ceA6 Affirm. CAT) e t)o 
rheAf Af tTlnAC tli T)nonnCAt)A. Hi fuit pOT) CAtrhAn Ai^e, ACc 
fin pem, *Af r\-o6\ if bfeA$ tdiT)if An buACAitt e. t)Aoine 
A b'eA"6 1AT) A feACc finnfif f oirhe." 

eAt) peAt)Aft f oc.At "oo Ct>f Af, A$uf niof ting fe fCAit) 
nA ceifce Cuige 'n-d Af eAn-Cof. 5 "oeiitiin, niof Cuig ACc An 
oifeAt) te ceAp bf Ci^e, niAf A*oeAft4, ACc "DA mbiot) f 6 "oo t^tAif 
*fA feomfA beA5 CAoib tiAf "oo'n Cifotn fgAtArh beAg 1 n-A "oiAit) 
fin if -ooCA 50 ocuisf eA-6 f e An c-iomf tdn 50 oiAnrhAit. 1f f eAn- 
focAt e, A^tif if fiof, 50 ocAifbe-AnAnn cfxSitnin Cfeo nA gAoite. 
Af bAtt nuAif "oo bi An c-AOf 65 tiof Af An muifbcAt, feo 
e An CneArhAife ifceAC Cum ACAf pneAt)Aif Aguf mAtA Aij:e i n-A 

Seo e AS cAffAin^ t^m A $tAice T>O piofAib 61 |A AmA6 Af An 
, A^uf AS AifeAfh cfi fi^it) punnc Af An gct&f Of A ciorhAif, 
feo e p6f '5^ f^t), Aguf e AS p6ACAin KO tmn seAf Af An 
bp eAf eite : 

" Hi Cuif pi-6 Uom^f SheA$^m TluAi^fi bAff A nieif e f AtAije Af 
mo Cuit> Aif5iT) 50 t)eO. T)Af piA-6, ni Cuiffit). 1f oo'n 
-oo'n 61 ?e 

East, West, Home's Best. 3975 

left alone, deserted and in sadness. That is the dream I had. 
Is it not strange? " 

" You are not an old woman yet, a ruin ! It was a lucky 
dream for me anyhow. And, do you say, Maire, that it was 
a dream caused you to stay at home? " 

Maire did not think herself justified in telling the 
Cneamhaire's story without leave from him; so she answered: 

" That and other things." 

" Great thanks be to God ! " said Peadar. 

"Isn't it a great wonder you wouldn't be looking out to 
get a wife to suit you," said Peadar 's father to him a couple 
of days later. " Isn't Maire Chatach, the daughter of the 
widow over in Cronn-an-Bhaile, a nice, good-looking girl? " 

Peadar set himself to listen. If the sun fell down out of 
the sky it would not surprise him more. He was unable to 
say as much as a word. 

" It is time for Gait, too, to settle down in a place of her 
own. Two mistresses would not go well together in one house. 
What do you think of young Mac Donnchadha? He has not 
a sod of land, but, even so, he is a fine, strong boy. Honest 
people they were, his seven generations before him." 

Peadar could not get out a word, and he did not understand 
the state of the question at all. In truth, he did not, any 
more than a shoemaker's last, as one might say; but if he 
were present in the little room beyond the kitchen afterwards, 
it is likely that he would understand the whole matter right 
well. It is an old proverb, and it is a true one, which says 
that a straw shows how the wind blows. 

By-and-by, when the young people were down in the 
muirbheach, the Cneamhaire comes in to Peadar's father and 
a bag in his hand. 

He draws the full of his hand of gold pieces from the bag, 
and counting out sixty pounds on the table before him, he 
says, looking steadily and sharply at the other man: 

" Tom as Sheaghan Ruaidhri will never put the top of his 
dirty finger on my money. By heavens, he'll not. It is 
to love and to youth I am giving it." 


All UxVlttL 

Af An 

te corner O 


t)Tof AS peACAinc nmCeAtt o-|Am An f Ait> -oo bi p6 AS 
bneAtnusA'6 AH An feonifVA A^uf An CAOI J n-A HAib pe 
Ceite A^tif '$^ iApn u1 $ e im' Ai^neAt) pem CA bpuAin p6 nA 
AH pAT> nuAin "oubAinc f e : 

" UA cu AS "oeAnAm lon^AncAif "oern* teA$tA6 Aj;uf "oem' Aicitt- 
it)eA6c. HAC t>eAf-tAtfiAC An "otune me ? " 

" 'SeA*6, A-JA m' ocAt ; ACc cA bpuAf Aif nA f u^Ain 50 tei|\ ? 
Asf rn^'f Aim AC-A Annfo, AH nt)6i$ ni t\Aib em-CeAt teif An 
mbotxin fo 1 n-eAn-Co^." 

" Inneof A1-6 mife t)tiic A|\ bAtt ; ACc An rnb'Aic teAC An 
AJ\ PAT) t)' f eifcmc ? " 


mife, ACc 





" tli't, pioc," AH feifeAn, " Corn J:AT>A if CA fe f eo A^AC," 
mAit)e ct\oife 6'n gcuinne A^uf fin f^ Cu^Am 6. 

AmAC 50 p6itt 50 bpeicpt) cu mo i\io$ACc-f A 

c-d bptiAfAif An mAit)e c|\oife ? " A^fA mife 
te Ceite i An f AIT) T>O bi cu 1*0' Co'otAt!). 
Annfo Anoif A^u-p CAbAifv Ai^e *oo'n Coif." 

CCs f6 An ctMttfe^n o'n mb6tvo A^tif t)' of^Ait f6 
CAob teif An ceAttAC A^iif CtAt)mAH A^Aon ifceAC. Hi ^ACA m6 A 
"oe HAt)A|\c 6'n t^ H u 5 A>d rne 5 * c ^ T 1T1 ^^uf ni 
mAj\ 6 6 fom. t)i An fedm-pA beA^ T)6AncA 50 
n AH An 5CAO1 CeAT)nA 1 H^ib An ceAnn eite, ACc "DO bi f 6 tioncA 
50 "oci An t)OHAf te ftAnmAib "oe 5^6 cmeAt, A^uf bioTJAH 50 
n A^u-p Com foittfeAC fom ip JUH bAineAT)AH An 
"oiom, nA6 mon? nuAin "oo Ct>A'6Ap ifceAC AH "ocuf . tDio'OAH 
AH CHOCA'O Aige of cionn A Ceite AH nA bAttAib CAHC timCeAtt An 
Com J:AX>A if b'feiT)iH teif fti$e *o' f A^Ait "ooib junnAi 
piofCAit 50 teCn, A5up A tAn "oe CtAi'omcib A^uf "oe 
Ajuf bi CUIT> eite ACA CHWACCA i n5H 5 A nAib AH An 

^i^T ^ e A5, mneom Agtif uintifi ^AbAnn 1 
bmnpe Agtif uintifi fiumeAHA 1 ^ctimne eite. t)i An 
An Aic AS ^1H 1 $^ niop Aifui$e SAC eAn-n6innnu. 
p "001$ tiom s bptntim pA OHAOi'oeACc," AHfA mipe, 
tAn mo ftit "oe'n 


ttiAif e, 1 n-eAn-CoH," AHPA An 



From the Novel " An Gioblachan," by Tomas h-Aodha, 
(i.e., Thomas Hayes). 

I WAS looking round me, while he was speaking, examining 
the room and the manner in which it was constructed, and 
asking myself in my own mind where did he get all ffie hay- 
ropes, when he said: 

" You are making a wonder of my dwelling and of my skill. 
Am I not a handy man? " 

" You are, on my word ; but where did you get all the hay- 
ropes? And if this is a cavern, there was certainly no 
necessity for the cabin at all." 

"I'll tell you by-and-by; but would you wish to see the 
cavern entirely?" 

" I would, indeed," I said, " but it is too soon yet to put the 
foot under me." 

" Not a bit," he replied, " while you have this," and he took 
a crutch from the corner and handed it to me. 

" We shall go out awhile," he said, " until you see my entire 

" But where did you get the crutch?" I said to him. 

" I put it together while you were asleep. Come hither now 
and take care of the foot." 

He took the lamp from the table, opened a little door beside 
the hearth, and we both went in. I did not see a sight like 
what I saw since I was born till then, nor did I see a sight 
like it since. The little room was made exactly in the same 
way as the other one, but it was filled to the door with arms 
of every description, and they were all so clean and so bright 
that they almost dazzled me when I entered first. They were 
hanging above each other, on the walls round the room, as 
far as he could find room for them muskets and pistols in 
plenty, and many swords and bayonets and others were 
stacked in heaps on the floor. There was a little furnace, an 
anvil, and a smith's tools in one corner, and a bench and a 
joiner's tools in another corner. The man and the place were 
getting stranger every moment. 

"I think I am under some enchantment," said I, when I 
had taken the full of my eye of the room. 

" You are not, indeed," said the Gioblachan. 

He took up one of the guns and rubbed it affectionately 
with his hand. 


An tlAim. 


t)o Cuirmt 

f ftiAf ceAnn T>e nA 
te n-A tAim. 

eAC," AH feifeAn, " nAC t>eAf An tiif\tif I fin. tAinij; ft o 
A^ttf "oo CuinFeA-o fi piteAn c|\6 "bume nAC mon mite 
6 bAite ; AC (Mprni-o AH Cui-o eite ACA Am'f . ^Ab 1 teit Annf o." 

6 "ooHAf eite A^uf bA^Ain f6 AITIAC o|\m. 
mo tAm T>' freifcmc t)i f^ Com -ocixCA f om. 11io|\ 
jvAD.Am.AH ;nf An 

" tic, 

01-oCe ! " 

fmuc 5Ait\e Af. 

i An oi'oCe," A|\f A 5t CAOD Amui$ t)iom: ! * tli ! 
n^ ! " A|\fA sue eite. Annf om T>O tAOAip beij\ r\6 cfvitiH eite 1 
n-m eACc niof ptii'oe AniAC, " tJC ! nAC *oo|vCA " " nA ! IIA " 
"An oi*ce" "tiA! tiA! HA ! " " TlAC n " TlAC t)ot\CA " " HA i 
n-& ! " " An oi-6Ce " " nA ! nA ! HA ! " A^uf mA|\ fin teo A^ 
fgigi^eACT) Aguf A^ "o^AnArh mA^Ait) pum 50 |\AID An AIC tAn 
oe 5titAnnAio. t3ioT)A|\ tiof pum, CuAf of mo Cionn, A|A m' 
AmAC Agvif A|\ 5AC CAOO *oiom. T)' imti$eA'OA|\ tiAim 1 
C6ite Agtif t)' iftieAT>Ai\ pxi oeifieA'6 AJ\ n6f nA fi^ib lonncA 

fiof A|\nAC AS 



bAin f^ p^eAb AfAm 
fin tAimj; 

feAf Am AH 

" ITlAC-AttA," 
" 'SeA-6," AH 

; ACc ni 

01115 noimmce. t)o 

mif e, nuAin 01 An T)OHAf "ouncA 


o|\m AH 
UAtbAf An CfAO$- 

^ 1 ^ >ri ' A H ADA f 1rn 
An " 

H 1me f eo 
ceACc fUAf AH bit teip feo 


6f cionn 
A beAt> 
ou'OAn it)' 
oiom-fAA^uf ni belt) bAo$At AH bit one." 

50 HAn-m6H if t)6CA. 

14 t)i cmnce "6e fin. U-AiH IT>* feAfAm Anoif AH 
tJAtbAfAige Agtif mA c-d eAn-6nT>tAC Am-<Sin Ann, CA 
mite CHOI$ 1 n-ooimneAcc. T1A cei$in VO-^A-O 
AS CAifbeAnc nA httAtfiA -ouic, no b'feiT)iH 50 
CeAnn ; comm$ cAob 

05 f6 ftifeos 5 

te ctiAi$. x\nnf om -piiAin fe fop bAHHAig A^uf focntnj fe 
*T An T5 01 ^ c 6 -AS^f 6A f T^ -ATI bAHH^C 1 mbACAtt mAH beAt) 
AH bAHH "A ftifeoi^e. tluAiH bi f6 f ocnuigte 50 
turn fe An ftifeo^ A^uf An bAHH-A^ 1 bpocA otA A^tif " 
Ann iA"o 50 H A1D An otA ftiigce ifceAC 50 mAit lonncA. 
pA nT)eAHA tom-tAitneAC 50 H AID f^ A 5 "oeAnArii coiHfe Cun 
T>O tAibeAnc T>Atn. 


The Cavern. 3979 

" Look," said he, " is not that a pretty tool? It came from 
America, and it would put a bullet through a person almost 
a mile from home; but we'll see the remainder again. Come 
over here." 

He opened another door, and he motioned me out. I could 
not see my hand it was so dark. I did not recollect that we 
were in a cavern when I looked out, and I said : 

" Ugh ! is it not a dark night? " 

The Gioblachan let a little laugh out of him. 

" Is it not a dark night ! " said a voice outside me. " Ha ! 
ha ! " said another voice. Then two or three spoke together 
further out. " Ugh ! is it not " " Ha ! ha ! " " night " 
" Ha ! ha ! ha ! " " Is it not " " Is it not a dark " " Ha ! 
ha ! ha " " night " " Ha ! ha ! ha ! "and so on with them, 
mimicking and making fun of me till the place was filled with 
voices. They were beneath me and over my head; they were 
directly in front of me and on both sides. They faded away 
one after the other, and they lowered at last so that there was 
not in them but a whisper, trembling in the corners of the 

I say that I was startled. Fright came on me at first, and 
afterwards the wonder and awe of the world came on me, so 
that I could not stir from the place in which I was standing 
for five minutes. The Gioblachan beckoned me inside. 

" An echo," said I, when he had closed the door. 

" Yes," said he, " is it not fine? " 

" I never before heard anything like it except once, but it 
could not come near this at all. The cavern is very large, 
I suppose." 

"Be sure of that. You are standing now on the brink of 
an awful chasm, and if it's an inch, it's over a thousand feet 
in depth. Do not go too far out when I am showing you the 
cavern, or perhaps you might get a reeling in your head. Keep 
behind me and there will be no fear of you." 

He took a chip of pinewood, and put a split in its end with 
a hatchet. Then he got a wisp of tow and fixed it into the 
split, and twisted it into a knob just like a ball on the top 
of the chip. When it was firmly fixed, he dipped the chip 
and the tow into a pot of oil, and left them there until the 
oil was well soaked into them. I observed directly that he 
was making a torch in order to show me the cavern. 

"This will give us sufficient light now," he said, and he 



f 6 feo f otAf A|\ nT>6cAmc "oumn Anoif ," Af f e, 
fe ceme teif. CuA'dmAf AmAC 50 bjuiAC nA sA^A Afif. 
con "oo Cuif\e.Atn.Afi *6inn "oo ctn^ -AH niAC-AttA f^eA^A cAft Aif 
cu$Ainn. T)' Af\T)tn$ An '* 5 1ot) l-AcAn " -AH c6iffe 6f A cionn Afl 
nof 50 bfui$inn fVA'OAfc triAit AJ\ An UAirh, A^uf x>o feAf fe 50 

fe An 


" TleAcn 

mite punc ; AC, 
tiA cAitije 

Ce 50 t)cti5 An 

bit t)' eif cine A6c AmAm fvoinnc beA^ "oe'n CA|\f Aig Cf mo cionn 
A|\ 5AC CAob "Oiom. AniAC uAinn ni |\Aib Ann ACC oofvcA > 6Af 
cit>5 ^5f if T>OI$ Horn -pem n^f t)em An coiffe ACC e -oo 
t)i fe com ciu$ -pom 5t\ fAoiteA-p 50 mb' fei > oit\ 
Horn e 5eA|tfA > o te f^m, no mAm T>e to^Ainc im' tAim. t)iof AS 
piApfvuige "6iom pem, An f?Ai"o t>o biof AJ -peACAinc AHIAC, CAT) "oo 
b! potti$te CAob tiA-|\ "oe'n oo^CA'OAf, Aguf *oo bi fe com oiArhAi]\ 
5fAineAmAit fin 511^ cui^ f6 UAtbAf im c^oi-oe. 

" Tli't iomAt\CA te f eif cmc AITIAC tAinn no CAob CuAf t)inn," A|\f* 

An " 5 1ot> ^ AC ^ n >" " ACC CAif beAnfAit) me "btnc Anoif T)oimneA6c 

An ibtntt." CuAit) fe A|\ A 

" tui$ f fof 

CAim Cun An cdi^fe t)o cAiteArh fiof ." 
fiof mA^ t>' 6^*0111$ fe A^uf b^tii'oeAf AITIAC 50 
50 ftAib mo ceAnn tA|\ b]AUA6 nA SA^A. T)o "oein f6 pem An 
ceAT>nA. CAIC fe An c6ij\fe AmAC UA1"6 A^tif fiof A^uf fiof teif 
c^it) An oofCA'OAf. t)iof AS bf\At SAC eAn-noiminc 50 
f eAt) fe AI c6m ACC nio^ buAit ; A^uf nio-|\ tAifbeAn fe 
oumn. t!)iof AS f Aij\e A1|\ 50 -oci nA fiAib Ann ACC fp-p6AC. 

im' fuitib A^tif oO'oAn im' ceAnn 6 beit AS feACAinc AIJ\, 
*oo cjMteAf 50 fmio|\. "P-A "OeifeAt) *oo 

\ fAT>. 

AmAC 50 


f eif eAn, 

Anoif, CAt) T>eii\ cti, 


im' cttJAif 

nt>Ai|\ bi An coijvpe imtijce Af f\A'6A-f\c. 

A|\f A mif e, 50 

t)Am 50 f oitt, 
1-oif me fem 

cuA-bAf AS tApAT>Ait ifceA6 fAn mbocAn 
6-Am ei^se im j feAfAm 50 ftAbAf ifci$, 
beAt) 1 n-Aifoe A^ ttiAfsAn. tAinis An " 
t)iAit) Aguf t)un fe An "oofAf. 

" 1f AifoeAC A^iif if mittceA6 An 
cA sfeim im' cf\oit>e te TiuAtbAf." 

" t)iof fem mA|\ fin A|\ "ocuf, 
bfA*o niof meAfA nA cA ctifA Anoif, mAf if 
A|\ muttAC mo cmn fAn ^Ag An CAfnA 

me teiteAT) nA 
An pott uAtbAfAC t4T>.' } 



An eAgtA 
t>tnne *oo 
ifceA6 im' 

i feo," Af f A mife, 



The Cavern. 3981 

set fire to it. We went out to the brink of the chasm again. 
Every stir we made the echo sent us back an answer. The 
Gioblachan raised the torch over his head, so as that I would 
get a good view of the cavern, and he stood out boldly on 
the edge of the chasm. I would not do it myself if I got a 
thousand pounds; but, no doubt, as the proverb says, 
" Familiarity breeds contempt." 

Though the torch gave fine light, I could not see a thing, 
except a portion of the rock above me and at each side. Out 
from us there was nothing but a heavy, thick darkness, and 
I believe myself the torch only increased it. It was so dense 
that I thought it possible to cut it with a knife, or to take a 
handful of it in my hand. I was asking myself while I was 
looking out what was hidden behind the darkness; for it was 
so hideously gloomy that it filled my heart with terror. 

" There is not much to be seen in front of us or above us," 
said the Gioblachan ; " but I shall show you the depth of the 
chasm now." 

He went on his knees. 

4t Lie down and draw out to the edge of the rock," said he 
" I am about to fling down the torch." 

I lay down as he ordered, and moved out carefully till 
my head was over the brink of the chasm. He did the 
same thing himself. He threw the torch out from him and 
down, down with it through the darkness. I was expecting 
every moment that it would strike the bottom, but it did not, 
and it showed us nothing. I was watching it till there was 
in it but a spark. A pain came in my eyes and a reeling in 
my head from being looking at it, and I trembled to the 
marrow. At last we lost sight of it altogether. 

" Now what do you say? " said the Gioblachan into my ear 
when the torch had disappeared. 

" Let me be awhile," said I, " until I put the breadth of 
the rock between myself and that dreadful hole," and I went 
crawling into the cabin. The fear would not allow me to rise 
until I was inside, and I felt like one who would be on a 
swing. The Gioblachan came in after me and shut the door. 

" This is a strange and dreadful place," I said, " and there 
is a ' lite ' in my heart with terror." 

" I was like that first," said the Gioblachan, " and far worse 
than you are now, for it is little but I fell head foremost into 
the chasm the second time I came here; but I am used to it 
now and do not mind it." 


Annf o ; ACc c-d 
bit Ann." 

An TTlAC AttA. 

ASAtn Aif Anoif A$uf ni Cuifim fuim 

f6 AnuAf b6$A 

-oo bi 

fAn rnbotAn 




b'p6iT)i^ CAT> 
oo CtAontiig 
An c6i]\re, 


te'.teA-o nA s^5 A -buic Anoif. 
f6 mAm bAffAi Asuf CAf f6 Af biof nA fAis'oe 6 

"oe mAf T>O "Oem f6 "oe'n Cftife6i5 |\oirfie fin. 
otA fi$ce ^5 An mbA|\fA6, *oo Ctii|A f6 ceme 

f6 An X)O|\A-p. " ^6AC AtDAC AnO1f," A|A f6 

6 cf\it> An oo^CA'OAf teif An mt>6$A. CuAit) 
An fop bA|\t\Ai$ AJ\ tAfAt!) 50 foiltfeAt Am AC, 
An CAOb tAtt "oo bAtAi!) ; A^uf Annf om 
*oiAit) A C6Ue A^uf tuic f6 niA|\ "oo ttnc 
1 5ceAnn CArriAitt t)o ftuigeAt) i nT>oirhneACc nA 
jAtm "oo tAifbe-Anc *oijinn. Hi mifoe A |\At) 
An m^AT) ion$AncAif T>O bi it 

" Suit) 

"oen "oof\Af. 

Annfo 50 


f6 fcot CAob 

A|\ f eif eAn, " 50 gctufipt) cu Aitne -A^ An 5cuiT)eACcxMn 
50 mime." 


f6 A|\ 
A fnof 

-oe n 
CA-O -oo bi 






feAfAtri teif An n^eic "oo bAin f6 AfAtn. AoileAf 50 fAib An 
cuicim ifceAC o^Ainn. T)'6i|\i$ An mAC AttA IYIA^ btAt>m 
, A^uf bi An ptiAim Com htiAtbAfAC fom 
An CALAIS AJ cfiteAt) -pum. T)'imti5 f6 uAinn 

eite, A|\ n6f 5|\ b^i^m T>Am mo 
im' CttiAf Aib Cun An " fUAitle biiAitte " t)o 
Af "ocuf bi f 6 Com bo|\b bA^A^tAC leif An coi|vni$ ; Annf om bi 
f6 50 5A|\b 5lt5A|\AC fA mAf beA"6 fUAim nA f Aiffge AS bfUfeAt) 
50 C|\om Af CtoCAf cf A$A ; A^uf n-A "biAit) fin bi f ^ An-cof AtiiAit 
teif An bftiAim "oo tiucfAt) 6 CtAi*6e AS cuicim, no 6 cfiucAillib 

t)O bCAt) AS SAbAlt tAf b6tA|\ SAfb J ASUf CfVl'T) An bf OCfOm 

An CfUfCAf 50 tij\ tAims CugAinn -puAim mA 

i bf AT) UAinn. CAI^ An " Qo\)\A&r\ " A "06 no A cpi 
eite A$uf bi fonn Aif teAnAtfiAinc "oo'n $no, ACC 

A1f A tAbAlfC fUAf. t3i An 1TIAC AttA S tlAn-bf6A$ Af 

ACc bi mo "ootAinc ASAm "be An UAif fin s 1iAifite. xXCc ni 

TJie Echo. 3983 

He took down a bow-and-arrow, which he had in the cabin, 
saying : 

" I shall show you the breadth of the chasm now." 

He got a handful of tow, and wound it round the point of 
the arrow, and made a torch of it, as he did of the pinewood 
chip previously. When it had soaked a sufficient quantity of 
oil he set fire to it, and opened the door. 

" Look out now," said he, and he sent the torch away through 
the darkness by means of the bow. The arrow, with the wisp 
of tow lighting brightly, went out, perhaps, a hundred yards 
without striking the other side ; then it inclined downwards 
gradually, and fell as the torch did, and after awhile it was 
swallowed in the depths of the chasm without showing anything 
to us. It is unnecessary to say that this increased the wonder 
which was already in my heart. 

He placed a stool outside the door. 

"Sit down here awhile," said he, "until you make the 
acquaintance of the company I have, often here." 


He took one of the guns and put a cartridge in it. Before 
I knew what he was about he raised the gun and fired a shot. 

" The protection of God to us! " said I, and I jumped to my 
feet with the start he gave me. I thought the mountain was 
falling in on us. The echo arose like a burst of thunder, and 
the sound was so awful that I felt the rock trembling beneath 
me. It faded away and came back, again and again, so that 
it was necessary for me to put my fingers in my ears to keep 
out the roar of it. At first it was as fiercely threatening as 
thunder, then it was roughly rumbling, just like the sound of 
the sea breaking heavily on a stony shore, and afterwards it 
closely resembled the sound that would arise from the falling 
of a dry wall, or from carts going over a rough road ; and 
through all the clamour and confusion came a noise like the 
explosion of big guns far away. The Gioblachan fired two 
or three other shots, and he was inclined to continue the 
business, but I asked him to desist. The echo was very fine 
indeed, but I had got quite enough of it, for this time at all 





p-oa bi 

CtAOCA-6, 'Oe'n bAttA, ASUf CU1f\ f6 1 S CO1 F 1. 

" x\n -ocAitneAnn ce<3t teAC ? " AJ\ feifeAn. 
" UAitneAnn 50 mAit," Af\fA mife, " cA f peif m<5fv AgAm -Ann 1 

" TTIA'f rnAjt fin ACA An rs&Al," AJ\ f^> " $eobAit> cu ce6t Anoif 


Ceot oo 

teif . 

" ifc," A|\ f eif eAn, Ag teigmc 5Ai|\e 


t)o bi An " ^lobtACAn " AS 
eifceACc teif A]\ peAt) tAe 

f6 AS femm, A^uf "DA mb^mn AS CAincgo ceAnn 
niAine ni f6AT>pAinn cuA^Af^bAit CeA^c "DO tAbAi|\c AJA An 
5coirhfemm T)'6i|M5 -pAn UAirii. "b'Attimn An bei'OteA'ooijA An 
" ^lobtACAn " A^tif bi f6 'n-A CuniAf, "6 neA^c nA CAiti$e," if 
ooCA, ce6t -oo btiAinc Af An mAC AttA 6orh mAit teif An 
T)A mbeAt) ^AC 6m-$t^Af ceCt 1 n-6if\mn bAitigte ifceAC i 
tiAttA AniAm A^tif 1AT) 50 tift A|\ fiwbAt 1 n-6mf?eACc, ni 

ceot niof bmne nA niof Aitne nA niof CAitneArhAi$e "oo 
tiAtA nA An ce6t "oo Ct5 An i"oil A^uf An mAC AttA ttuinn 
An oit)Ce ut). 65 f6 An cfoit>e A^tif An c-AnAm AfAm. Tlio^ 
rhottn$eAf piAn nA ctn^fe nA eA^tA nA emni-6 eite ACc ArhAm 
AoibneAf A^tif fAf Arh Aigmt) An 
femm A^uf "o* frAnpAmn Annfom 

oit>Ce SAn beit ctn-pfeAC *6e. 

bi fe fAfCA Ctn^ f6 UA1-6 An fiTUt A^uf tofntns f6 AS 
CAmc A-p CeCt nA Ti^ifCAnn Asf bi cuf fiof m6i\ ASAinn mA-p $eAtt 
Aif. CAinceoif Atumn T>ob' 6At> An " giobtACAn " Astif b'Aic 
teAC beit AS eifceACc teif. t)A tiorhtA AS^T bA teigeAnnuA nA 
fmAomce T>O bi Aise Asuf *oo tuic An jAe'bits o n-A beAt Com 
btAfOA te Ce6t. Hi fVAib -p6 "OAtt A|\ emnit). *Oo biof AS fniAom- 
eAm, Anoif ASf Afif, An frAit) T>o bi f6 AS CAmc, Ap An SCAOI 'nA 
l\Aib fe AS CAiteAm A COT)A Aimfi^e Asf AS fiAffuige oiom pem 
e An -pAt bi teif. t!)iof T)eimneA6 50 t^ A1 ^ f e teAt-eAt)ciAom 

s^t^ ^' 1n ^ At1 <^ 1A ^ 50 f Aib fe AS imteA^c, niAjA A oeAfpA, te 

An Cf AogAit Asf AS c|\ A mumeit 1 sconuAbAi^c ; ACu ni 
j\Aib fiof ASAm An tiAijA fin A|\ An m6it) AJA CuAit) fe c^vit). 

eis f6 t!)Am "out |\o-pAt)A teif nA fmAomcib feo mAi\ 
fe Ct>ise feAT>os Astif cofnttis fe AS femm t>i|Afi. T)A 
f?eAbAf An ceot T>O bt<Mn fe Af An bfiT)it, b'peA|\|\ nA fin feAcc 
n-t>Ai]\e An ceot T>O buAm fe Af An bpeAT>ois- *Oo fA^tus fe AJA 
SAC tute mt) "D'AifiseAf fUAf 50 "oci fin. Hi tiubjvAt) eAntAit nA 
c^uinne t)A mbei'oif 50 tei|\ 'fAn Aim AS CAncAin te ceite ceot 

The Echo. 3985 

events. But he was not satisfied yet. He took down a fiddle 
which was hanging on the wall, and got it ready. 
" Do you like music? " said he. 

" I do, well," I said. " I always take a great delight in it." 
" If that is so," said he, " you'll get music now or never." 

" If it is like the music which the echo gave us awhile ago, 
do not mind it." 

" Listen," said he, laughing, " an I pass judgment when I 
am finished." 

He began playing, and if I were speaking for a week, I 
could not give a proper description of the harmony which 
arose in the cavern. The Gioblachan was a splendid violinist, 
and he was able, from experience I suppose, to take music 
from the echo as well as from the violin. If every musical 
instrument in Ireland was gathered into one great hall, and 
that they were all playing together, they could not give sweeter, 
nor more beautiful, nor more delightful, music than the fiddle 
and the echo gave us that night. It lifted the heart and soul 
out of me. I felt no pain, no weariness, no fear, no anything 
but delight and satisfaction of mind, while the Gioblachan was 
playing, and I would stay there listening to him for a day 
and a night without being tired. 

When he was satisfied he put aside the violin, and began 
to talk about the music of Ireland, and we had a long chat 
about it. The Gioblachan was a splendid speaker, and you 
would like to be listening to him. His ideas and thoughts 
were refined and learned, and the Irish fell from his lips as 
sweetly as music. He was not ignorant about anything. I 
was thinking, now and again, while he was speaking, of the 
way in which he was spending his time, and asking myself 
what was the reason for it. I was certain that he was half 
crazy, and that was why he was drifting, as you might say, 
with the winds of the world, and putting his neck in danger; 
but I had no knowledge then of all he had suffered. 

He did not let me go too far with those thoughts, for he 
drew out a flute and began playing on it. Though excellent 
the music which he extracted from the fiddle, the music which 
he took from the flute was seven times better. It excelled 
everything I had heard till then. All the birds of the universe, 
if they were gathered in the cavern singing together, could 
not give more heavenly or more delectable music. The flute 
brought out the echo far better than anything else. 




niof neArffOA n& niof Aoibne UACA. T)o cuj; An f?eAT>65 An ITIAC 
AttA AtriAC 1 bpAX) niof feAff Agtif niof t>mne nA eAn-ftm eite. 

" CAT* -ceif cu teif fin - " ^f' Atl " 5iobtAC.An " nuAif f^uitf 
f 6 t)A f emneAtfiAinc. 

"Hi feAT>Af f6f," Aff A mife, "nAftntim p^ t)|\Aoit)eACc. *04 
mbemn A^ CAinc Af -peAt) tAe Aguf btiAt>nA, ni fr^A-o-pAinn A mnfinc 
otJic An m^At) AOit>nif A^uf CAitnmi A5t>p fAfAirh C|\oit>e "oo 
An ceot ut) T)Arn. Tli't 6m-ceA6c 

Hxi t>AC teif An bptAmAf Anoif, A|\f An 
" tli'tirn AS ptArnAf 1 n-eAn-Co^," A|\f A 

6i|\ce t)Am A f\A-6 nA puit 6m ceACc ftiAf te oeAftArhACc An 

" CA cu A5 CAinc 50 ciAltrhA|\ Anoif," A|V 

mif e, 

t>iof 6tn 



t)o Cmp f & i 
t)o CuAlAf 50 mime 

An niAc AUA, A]\ eA^tA An 
T)Am An cuAtvAfstiAil t)o 
i X)CAOt> ce6it nA n-Am^eAt if nA 

" tli'tirn C|\iocntJi$Ce 1 n-An-cof\ 
fe 'n-A feAfArn. 

tof nuij fe AS Arh^n. t3i gut t>feA$ -ponnrhAfv ceotrhA^ AS An 
^tif nio|\ CAitt fe eAn^u-o 1 "ocAob t>eit ifci$ fAn 
Tli peA'OAj\ fem CIA ACA "oo b'feAf\f\ cun An mAC AttA T>O 
6 An fM'oit, An feAT)65 n6 ^ut An " JiobtACAin " 
n6 CIA AOA A |\Aib An bAfVf Ai^e 1 5coirhf emrn ; ACC if "0615 Uom 
fA-[\tn$ An 5tt off A 50 teif. CtJAtAf cfi c6AT) "OAOine Ag 
AttifAin i n-emfeAcc eAn-t>Aif ArhAin 1 tiAttA mof i 
mt)Aite-xStA-CtiAt ; ACC ce 50 f\Aib An ce6i Agtif An coiififeinm 
50 nAn-bfeAj Af fAT>, ni fAib em-ceACc ftiAf Aige te ceot An 
" $iobtAcAm " ntJAif tt>5 f6 UAit> 
A^uf ntJAif "oo bi An mAC AttA 
t fAn uAim AS cwoeAccAiti teifj 

" An TlAib cu A$ An 

-An "oofo x>o Cui|\ fe 

The Echo. 3987 

" What do you say to that? " said the Gioblachan, when he 
ceased playing. 

" I don't know yet, but I am under some spell," said I. " If 
I were talking for a year and a day, I could not describe to 
you the amount of pleasure, and delight, and satisfaction of 
heart, that music gave me. There is no coming near you." 

" Do not mind the flattery now," said the Gioblachan. 

" I am not flattering at all," I said ; " but perhaps it would 
be more correct to say there is no coming near the handiwork 
of the Creator." 

" You are talking sensibly now," he said, laughing. 

11 Perhaps so," said I; " but I was about to say when I was 
listening to you " 

" And to the echo," he said. 

" And to the echo to guard against flattery it reminded 
me of the descriptions which I often read and heard about 
the angel music in heaven." 

" I am not finished at all yet," he said, and he stood up. 

He began to sing. The Gioblachan had a fine resonant 
musical voice, and it lost nothing by being in the cavern. I 
do not know which of them was the best to bring out the 
echo the violin, the flute, or the Gioblachan's voice or which 
of them excelled in harmony ; but I think his singing surpassed 
the others. I heard three hundred people singing together in 
a great hall in Dublin at one time, but though the music and 
the harmony were very, very fine, they could not come near the 
Gioblachan's singing when he rendered " Were You at the 
Rock," and when the echo and the musical murmur which he 
aroused in the cavern were accompanying him. 


CAS At) Atl US U 5 A 


HA t)Aoine : 

O n-AnntlACAm, pite ConnAccAC 

nT nTos^in, beAn An ci$o. 

fin A, meAn ttlAitAe. 

O ti-1AttAinn, AcA tUAi-oce te finA 

T>Aome eite; 

i ^Cui^e TTIurhAti c^At) btiA"6An 6 fom. U-i pi|t 
*otit cpit) A C6ite in f AH ci$, no } n-A f e^f Arh coif 
mbAtt,A, AriiAit A^uf X)A mbeit "OArhfA cf\ioCnui5te ACA; 
O n- Ann|\A6xSm A^ CAinc te 1i3nA 1 bpio|\-tofAC nA 
UA An piobAi|\e AS pAf^At) A piobAi'6 A1|\, te cof ti^ATb 
femm A|\if, ACc "oo bei]\ SeAmAf O H-lA|\Ainn T)eoC Cuij;e, 
fCAt)Ann fe. UA^Ann peA^v 65 50 n-^tiA te n-A cAbAi|\c 
A^ An utaA"n Cum "OArhfA, ACc TUtitCAnn fi t)6. 

"dtlA. HA tM ni't>o > 6t\ti$A > 6 Anoif: tlAC bpeiceAnn c s 

6 AJ; 6if ceACc te n-A b^uit f eif eAn "O'A fAt) liom. ; Leif An 

teAn teAc, CAT) e fin T>O bi cw '^"^ A F bAtt ? 
O n-AnnnACA1H. CA-O e -oo bi An boT>AC fm -O'A 

. A?; iA^nAi-6 -OArhrA otun, t>o bi fe, ACC ni titibj\Ainn 
06 ea 

ID AC 111 h-Ann. 1f cmnce nAC *ociub|AtA. 1f t)6i$, ni rheAfAnn 
cia 50 tei5pnn-fe t)o t)ume Afv bit "OAnifA teAc, coni f:AT) A^vi-p 
cA mife Ann fo. A ! A "UnA, ni |\Aib -potAf nA focArhAit A^AHI te 
f AT>A 50 x>cAini5 m6 Ann f o Anocc A^uf 50 bpACAit) m6 twfA ! 

fin A. CA-O 6 An fotAf t>uic mife ? 

tTIAC 111 n-Ann. nAip ACA mAi-oe teAt-t)6i$ce m r^" 
ceme, nA6 bpA^Ann f e f 6tAf nAi^\ t)6i|vceA|\ tuf^e AI^ ? 

fin A. 1f "061$, ni't ctifA teAt-t)oi5ce. 

TVIAC "U1 h-Ann. UA me, A^uf cA c^i ceAtjiArhnA T>e mo 
T>6i$ce A^tif toip^te A^uf cAitce, Ag c|\oiT) Leif ATI 

A^tlf An fAO$At A C|\O1T) tlOm-fA. 

fin A. ni peACAnn u com T>onA pn ! 

ITIAC t!1 n- Ann. tic ! A finA ni UiosAm, ni't Aon eotAf A^A-O- 
f A AJ\ beAtA An bAi|AT> boiCc, AcA 5An CCAC ^An ceA5A|\ ^An cio$- 



HANRAHAN. A wandering poet. 


MAURYA. The woman of the house. 

SHEELA. A neighbor. 

OONA. Maurya's daughter. 

Neighbors and a piper who have come to Maurya's house for a dance. 

SCENE. A farmer's house in Munster a hundred years ago. Men and 
women moving about and standing round the wall as if they had just finished 
a dance. HANRAHAN, in the foreground, talking to OONA. 

The piper is beginning a preparatory drone for another dance, but SHEAMUS 
brings him a drink and he stops. A man has come and holds out his hand to 
OONA, as if to lead her out^ but she pushes him away. 

OONA. Don't be bothering me now ; don't you see I'm listen- 
ing to what he is saying. \To HANRAHAN] Go on with what 
you were saying just now. 

HANRAHAN. What did that fellow want of you ? 

OONA. He wanted the next dance with me, but I wouldn't 
give it to him. 

HANRAHAN. And why would you give it to him ? Do you 
think I'd let you dance with anyone but myself as long as I 
am here. Ah, Oona, I had no comfort or satisfaction this long 
time until I came here to-night, and till I saw yourself. 

OONA. What comfort am I to you ? 

HANRAHAN. When a stick is half-burned in the fire, does it 
not get comfort when water is poured on it ? 

OONA. But sure, you are not half-burned ? 

HANRAHAN. I am, and three-quarters of my heart is burned, 
and scorched and consumed, struggling with the world and 
the world struggling with me. 

OONA. You don't look that bad. 

HANRAHAN. Oh, Oona ni Kegaun, you have not knowledge 
of the life of a poor bard, without house or home or havings, 


CAf At> ATI cf usA"in. 

bAf, ACC e AS imteACc A$uf AS fiot\-imteAcc te fAn AJ\ 

, SAn -oume AI\ bit leif ACC e pem. tli'l mAi>oin in 
cfeAccrhAin nuAijt eifvisim fUAf nAc n-Abf\Aim liorn pem 50 
inb'peAff "OAtn An UAI$ 'nA An feAcjvAn. Tli'l Aon fu^o AS 
OAm ACC An bj\onncAnuf *oo fUAij\ me 6 *OiA mo cui-o 
nuAi]\ tofAi$im o^^ f lr >> irndgeAnn mo tipon A^uf mo 
t)iom, Aguf ni tuinhnijim ntof mo A|\ mo 5eA|\-6f\At) Aguf AJ\ mo 
mi-At>. X\5tif Anoif, 6 ConnAic m6 ttif A, A "UnA, Cim 50 bptut put) 
eile Ann, niof bmne 'nA nA n-Abj\Ain p^m ! 

t5flx\. 1f lon^AncAC An b|\onncAnuf 6 "OiA An bA|\T>ui5eA6c. 
Corh pvoA A^uf CA fin /5A*o nAC bpuit cu nicf fAitibpe nA Lute 

f, lUCC b6 A^tlf 6AL A1J. 

"U1 n-AHtl. A ! A tinA, if mo|\ An beAnnAcc ACC if 
An mAltAcc, teif, T>o t)tnne 6 "oo belt 'nA 

CA|\A1T) A^Am Af\ An f AO$At f O ? t)ptllt p6A]\ b 6 AfV 

6 ? "Dptnt 51^^*6 A$ t)tnne A|\ bit ojmi ? t)im 
mo 6A-bAn bocc Aon^AnAc, AJV put) An CfAO$Ait, mA|\ Oifin AnT>iAi$ 
nA pemne. bionn ?uAt A$ h-uite "Ouine o|\m, ni't puAt 
o|vm, A "QnA ? 

UnA. HA h-AbAi|\ 
oume AJA bit o|vc-f . 

1TIAC t!1 
te c6ile, 
1f of\c-fA |\mneAf e. 

[1mti$eAnn fiAT> 50 *oci An coi^vneutt if 
fui-oeAnn fiA*o AnAice te c6ite.] 

[Uis Si$te AfceAc.] 
Sfjte. tJAims me CU^AT) com tuAt 

. CeA-o -pAitce |\omAt): 
. CAT* CA A^ fiubAt AS T) Anoif "? 

cofu$At) ACAmuit). t)i Aon ^)O|\c AtfiAin 
Anoif CA An piobAi|\e AS 6t t)i$e. Cof 6cAi"6 An 

An piobAi|\e |\eit). 
. UA nA -OAome AS bAiUugA'o AfceAc 50 mAit, belt) 

fin, ni peiT)i|\ 50 bpuit puAt 


An c-Ab|^An t>o 

An cie 
me t>uic. 


o'feu'o me. 

. t)eit> A 
Uom Amuis nA Afcig e ! 

StJtG. 1f A|\ An 
An peAfv fin AC^ AS 

, ACC CA -peAjv ACA Ann 
peuc e. 

"oonn ACA cu AS cAinc, nAc 
com "Glut fin te "UnA in fAn scoi|\- 

neutt Anoif. CA't\ b'Af e, no CIA n-e f em ? 

1TIA1116. Sm e An fs^Aifce if mo tAims 1 n-6ifnnn 
UomAf O h- AnnyvACAm tusAnn fiAt) A1|\, ACC UoniAf RosAi^e but) 
c6i|\ *oo bAifceAt) Aif\, 1 sceA^c. OJVA ! nAc t\Aib An mi-At) o^m, e 
oo teACc AfceAC 6usAinn, co|\ A|\ bit, Anocc ! 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3991 

but he going and ever going a-drifting through the wide world, 
without a person with him but himself. There is not a 
morning in the week when I rise up that I do not say to myself 
that it would be better to be in the grave than to be wandering. 
There is nothing standing to me but the gift I got from God, 
my share of songs ; when I begin upon them, my grief and my 
trouble go from me, I forget my persecution and my ill luck, 
and now, since I saw you Oona, I see there something that is 
better even than the songs. 

OONA. Poetry is a wonderful gift from God, and as long as 
you have that, you are more rich than the people of stock 
and store, the people of cows and cattle. 

HANRAHAN. Ah, Oona, it is a great blessing, but it is a great 
curse as well for a man, he to be a poet. Look at me ! have I 
a friend in this world ? Is there a man alive who has a wish 
for me, is there the love of anyone at all on me ? I am going 
like a poor lonely barnacle goose throughout the world; like 
Usheen after the Fenians ; every person hates me. You do not 
hate me, Oona? 

OONA. Do not say a thing like that; it is impossible that 
anyone would hate you. 

HANRAHAN. Come and we will sit in the corner of the room 
together, and I will tell you the little song I made for you : it 
is for you I made it. [They go to a corner and sit down together. 
SHEELA comes in at the door.~\ 

SHEELA. I came to you as quick as I could. 

MAURYA. And a hundred welcomes to you. 

SHEELA. What have you going on now ? 

MAURYA. Beginning we are; we had one jig, and now the 
piper is drinking a glass. They'll begin dancing again in a 
minute when the piper is ready. 

SHEELA. There are a good many people gathering -in to you 
to-night. We will have a fine dance. 

MAURYA. Maybe so, Sheela, but there's a man of them there, 
and I'd sooner him out than in. 

SHEELA. It's about the long brown man you are talking, 
isn't it ? The man that is in close talk with Oona in the corner. 
Where is he from and who is He himself ? 

MAURYA. That's the greatest vagabond ever came into 
Ireland; Tumaus Hanrahan they call him, but it's Hanrahan 
the rogue he ought to have been christened by right. Aurah, 
wasn't there the misfortune on me, him to come in to us at all 

3992 CAfA-6 An 

. CiA'n f6|\c -oume e ? II AC peA|\ oeAncA AbpAn Af 
ConnAccAib 6 ? CuAtAi* me cAinc AIJ\, CeAnA, A$uf -oeit\ fiAT) t^ 6 
bfuit oAtfifoi^ eite i n-eipinn com mAit teif : bu-6 mAit tiorn A 

Bt 1 ^ 1 S ' oe< ^ A V An mbiteAmnAc ! UA'f ASAm-fA 50 
fv6 mAit CIA J n cineAt AcA Ann, mAj\ bi f 6]\c CAj\tAnAif i*oift 
Agtif An c6AT>-f?eA|\ t)o t)i A^Atn-fA, A^uf if mime cuAtAit) 
'OiA^tntn'o bocc (50 nT>6AnAit> T)IA c|\CcAif\e Aijt !) CIA 'n 
oume tti Ann. t)i f6 'nA rh^i$ifci|\ fgoile, fiof 1 
ACC ftiot) n-tnte cteAf Ai^e but) tfieAfA n^ A c^i e. 
t)6AnArh AbfAn -00 blot) f6, AjtJf AS Ct uifse beAtA, 
irn|\if A|\ bun AmeAfg nA 5c6tfiAj\fAn te n-A CUIT> CAince. 
fiAT) nAC b-puit beAn m fnA cuig cui^ib nAC meAtipAt) f6. 1f 
meAfA 6 nA "OotfmAtt nA 5f^ 1rie "F A> 6< ^ cc ^^"^ ^ "oeijteA'O An 
Uf\ |\UA15 en fASAjAC AmAc Af An bpA|V|\Aifce 6 
eite Ann fin, ACC teAn f6 "oo nA cteAfAnnAib c^AT)nA, 
AtriAC AfM'f 6, A^uf A|\if eite, teif. A^uf Anoif ni't 
nA OA'OAit) Ai^e ACC 6 belt A$ ^AbAit nA cife, 
Ab|\An AUf AS pA^Ait t6ifcin nA n-oi-bCe 6 nA t)Aoinib. tli *6iut- 
cCCAit) T)ume A|\ bit 6, mAp cA pAicciof OH^A j\oirhe. 1f m6^ An 
pte 6, Asuf b'^iTHf s tro^AnpAt) f6 |\Ann o|\c "oo gfeAmoCAt) 50 
oed t)uic, "oA s " 1 ^ 6 ^ F^FS A1|\. 

S'fgte. 50 bpCifvit) T)1A ofifAinn. Ace C^AT) x>o Cus AfceAC 
AnoCc 6 ? 

)i f6 AS CAifceAt nA cif\e, A$uf CUAIAI* f6 50 
te beic Ann fo, A$uf cAmis f^ AfceAC, mAi\ bi 
, bi fe m6p 50 Ie6f\ te mo ceAt)-feAj\. 1f 
cA fe AS "oeAnAm AmAc A ftie-beACA, cof A|\ bit, 
A6c A cuit) Ab|\An. *Oei|\ fiAT) nAC bpuit Aic A ^ACAI* f6 nAC 
A mnA sM" ? ^S^f n ^ t>cusAnn nA pi^\ -puAt t)6. 

[AS b|\eit AJA uAtAinn TtlAife]. 1ompui$ t)o CeAnn, A 
peucn e Anoif ; e pein ASU^ -o' ingeAn-f A, ASUT An T)A 
itoisionn buAitce AJTA c6ite. UA f6 CAfi eif Ab|\Am T>O -oeAnAni 
"oi, Asuf cA fe t>'A rhunAt) "61 AS cosA^nuig m A ctuAif. C|\A, 
An biteArhnAt ! beit) fe AS cu|\ A CUIT> pifcfveos A^\ tinA Anoif. 

. Oc 6n 1 50 oe6 ! 
f6 AS CAinc te ilnA n-uite rhoirnit) 6 cAmis f^ AfceAC, ufi UAi|\e 
6 fom. "Rinne m6 mo "oitciott te n-A f5A|\At) 6 ceite, ACC teip 
f6 o|\m. CA flnA bocc custA "oo n-uite foi\c feAn-Ab^An 
feAn-|\Aimeif *oe fseAlcAib, Asuf if bmn teif An s c r eACU1 t 
AS eifceAcc teif, mA|\ cA beAt Aise fin t)o b|\6A5fAt) An 
oe'n cfVAoib; UA'f ASAT) s bpuit An pofAt) 

The Twisting of the Rope. 


SHEELA. What sort of a person is he ? Isn't he a man that 
makes songs, out of Connacht? I heard talk of him before, 
and they say there is not another dancer in Ireland so good as 
him. I would like to see him dance. 

MAURYA. Bad luck to the vagabond ! It is well I know 
what sort he is, because there was a kind of friendship Between 
himself and the first husband I had, and it's often I heard from 
poor Diarmuid the Lord have mercy on him! what sort 
of person he was. He was a schoolmaster down in Connacht, 
but he used to have every trick worse than another, ever 
making songs he used to be, and drinking whiskey and setting 
quarrels afoot among the neighbours with his share of talk. 
They say there isn't a woman in the five provinces tEat he 
wouldn't deceive. He is worse than Donal na Greina long ago. 
But the end of the story is that the priest routed him out of the 
parish altogether ; he got another place then, and followed on 
at the same tricks until he was routed out again, and another 
again with it. Now he has neither place nor house nor any- 
thing, but he to be going the country, making songs and 
getting a night's lodging from the people. Nobody will refuse 
him, because they are afraid of him. He's a great poet, and 
maybe he'd make a rann on you that would stick to you for 
ever, if you were to anger him. 

SHEELA. God preserve us, but what brought him in to- 

MAURYA. He was traveling the country and he heard there 
was to be a dance here, and he came in because he knew us; 
he was rather great with my first husband. It is wonderful 
how he is making out his way of life at all, and he with 
nothing but his share of songs. They say that there is no 
place that he'll go to that the women don't love him and that 
the men don't hate him. 

SHEELA (catching MAURYA by the shoulder}. Turn your 
head, Maurya, look at him now, himself and your daughter, 
and their heads together ; he's whispering in her ear ; he's after 
making a poem for her and he's whispering it in her ear. Oh, 
the villain, he'll be putting His spells on her now. 

MAURYA. Ohone, go deo ! isn't a misfortune that he came? 
He's talking every moment with Oona since he came in three 
hours ago. I did my best to separate them from each other, 
but it failed me. Poor Oona is given up to every sort of old 
songs and old made-up stories, and she thinks it sweet to be 
listening to him The marriage is settled between herself and 


C^fA-6 An 

SeAtnAf O 

SeAtnuf boCc AS An "oopuf 
ceAnnpAoi Aifi. 1f 
SeAmuf An fSjvAifoe f 1T1 " 


Ann fin. t^ite 6'n IA in*oifl: 

AS fAij\e o^t\A. 
A freicfmc 50 mbut> 
AH moimit) feo. O 

o|\m 50 mbei'o An ceAnn iomptn$te AJV tinA te n-A cui>o 
Ai|\eACc; Corfi cinnce A J f c-d tn6 beo, ciucpAit) otc Af An 

A CU|\ AH1A6 ? 

ni't Twine Ann fo "oo 

mtinA rnbeit beAn no "06. ACc if pte m6|\ e, 
ie "oo fjoitcpeAt) nA c|\Ainn A5Uf "oo |\eAbpA"6 nA ctoCA. T)ei|\ 
50 tobtAnn An fiot m fAn CAtAtn, A^uf 50 n-imti$eAnn A 
bAinne 6 nA bAt nuAi]A tti^Ann pite rrAf\ e fin A rtiAttAtc 
m^ t\uAi56Ann "oume Af An ceAC e. ACc t)xS mbeit f e Amtn$, 
mo bAnmn'oe nAC tei^finn AfceAcn A|\if e. 

i fACAt) fe pem AmA6 50 coiteAtfiAit r 
in A CuiT) tfiAttACc Ann fin ? 

tli beit. ACc ni |\ACAit> fe AmA6 50 
ni tig tiom-fA A ituA5At AttiAt A^\ eA^tA A 

-out Anonn 50 h 

beit Aon 

[6i|M$eAnn SeAtnuf -j ceit^eAnn fe 50 n 

. An nt)Ariif6cAi > 6 c An fit feo tiom-fA, A f3nA, 
nuAi|\ beiiieAf An piobAife fveiiij 

TTIAC "U1 ti-ATIH [AS eif$e]. 1f mife Uotn-Af O n-Ann^A6Am, 
A^tif cA me AS tAbAi|\c te 1^nA Hi Tlio^xSm Anoif, A^uf coni fAT) 
A^uf bei'deAf fonn uif\t\e-fe beit AS CAinc tiom-f A ni teisp-o me 
o'Aon "Otune eite -oo teACc eAT>|\Ainn. 

S6ATHtJS [$An Ai|\e A|\ ttlAc tli h-Annf\ACAm]. HAC nDAm- 
f 6cAit> cu tiom, A t5nA ? 

ITIAC t!1 h-Atlt1 [50 fiocmAjA]. tl^|\ -bubAifC me teAC Anoif 
tiom-fA "oo bi "GnA Hi Tli 05^111 AS CAinc ? 1mti teAC A|\ An 
A bot)Ai5, A^uf r\A cog ctAmpAfv Ann f o. 

. A t3nA -- 
mAC t!1 n-Atin [AS beicil]. PAS fin ! 

[ImtijeAnn SeAmAf A^uf 05 fe 50 t>ci An beijtc feAn-mnAOi.] 
S^AITTUS. A ttlAi^e Hi tliosAm, cA m6 AS 1A|AJ\A1'6 ceAT) O|\c- 
f A An fsi\Aifce mi-^'OAttiAit meifgeAmAit fin "oo CAiteAm AmA6 Af 
An 05. THA" teigeAnn cu "OAm, ctjifvpit) mife A^tif mo bei|\c t>eAti- 
AmA6 e, A^tif nuAif bei'oeAf f e Amtn$ f ocitotAit) mif e teif. 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3995 

Sheamus O'Herin there, a quarter from to-day. Look at poor 
Sheamus at the door, and he watching them. There is grief 
and hanging of the head on him ; it's easy to see that he'd like 
to choke the vagabond this minute. I am greatly afraid that 
the head will be turned on Oona with his share of blathering. 
As sure as I am alive there will come evil out of this night. 

SHEELA. Arid couldn't you put him out ? 

MATTE, YA. I could. There's no person here to help him 
unless there would be a woman or two; but he is a great poet, 
and he has a curse that would split the trees and that would 
burst the stones. They say the seed will rot in the ground 
and the milk go from the cows when a poet like him makes a 
curse, if a person routed him out of the house; but if he were 
once out, I'll go bail that I wouldn't let him in again. 

SHEELA. If himself were to go out willingly, there would 
be no virtue in his curse then ? 

MAURYA. There would not, but he will not go out willingly, 
and I cannot rout him out myself for fear of his curse. 

SHEELA. Look at poor Sheamus. He is going over to her. 
[SHEAMUS gets up and goes over to lierl\ 

SHEAMUS. Will you dance this reel with me, Oona, as soon 
as the piper is ready ? 

HANRAHAN (rising up) I am Tumaus Hanrahan, and I am 
speaking now to Oona ni Regaun, and as long as she is willing 
to be talking to me, I will allow no living person to come 
between us. 

SHEAMUS (without heeding HANRAHAN). Will you not dance 
with me, Oona ? 

HANRAHAN (savagely). Didn't I tell you now that it was to 
me Oona ni Regaun was talking? Leave that on the spot, you 
clown, and do not raise a disturbance here. 


HANRAHAN (shouting). Leave that! (SHEAMUS goes away 
and comes over to the two old women). 

SHEAMUS. Maurya Regaun, I am asking permission of you 
to throw that ill -mannerly, drunken vagabond out of the house 
Myself arid my two brothers will put him out if you will allow 
us; and when tie's outside I'll settle with him. 


CAfAt!) An 

. O ! A 66AtnAif, nA t)An. UA fAicciOf ojAtn |toimej 
mAUACC Aige fin t>o fsoilcpeAt) nA c^Ainn, x>ei|\ fiA*o. 

S&A1TIAS. 1f cutnA Horn mA CA mAUACC Ai$e t)o leASfA-6 
. 1f ofun-fA cuicpit) f6, A^uf cinm mo -oubflAn 

6 m6 A|\ AH moirnit) ni teit) rn6 t)6 
"oo Cu\ AJA UnA. A 

. HA "06411 fin, A 

corhAifte niof 


. CIA An C6rfiAi|\te i fin ? 
. U^ ftie m mo ce^nn A^Am te n-A 

teAnAnn fiti-fe mo 
le UAH, t)'A toit p6in, 
An t)otAtjf A1|\, Agtif n-d 

fe p6in AmAt Com focAi|\ 
nuAijx geooAit) fib Amui$ 6, 
A|\if 50 t>t\At 6. 

. tlAt 6 "OiA ot\c, Aguf mnif OAtn CAT) 6 c^ m "oo CeAnn. 

. T)6AnfAmAoi > o 6 Com t>eAf Aguf Com fimpt "6e 
ConnAic cu A|\iAm. Cuippmi-o 6 A^ cAfA-6 ftjs^m 50 
f btiAitfimiT) An "oo^uf A1|\ Ann fin. 

. 1f po^uf A |\At), A6c ni poftuf A t>6AnAm. 
f 6 teAC " T>6An f ug^n, tu p6m." 

Sf $te. T^AtvpAmAoit), Ann fin, nAC bfACAi* *otnne A^\ bit Ann 
fo fu^An |:6it\ AfiAm, nA6 bpuit T)uine A]\ bit An fAn ci 
teif ceAnn ACA t)6AnAm. 

S^ATTItlS. ACc An gctiei'Opi'O f6 fut) mA|\ fin nA6 

, An 



. An 

6 50 i\Aib f 6 

OtCA A1J6, mA]\ ACA AnOlf. 

S6A1TltlS. ACc CAT) 6 An c^oiceAnn ctujtpeAf finn AJ\ An 
feo, 50 bpuit fu$An -p6if AS ceAfCAt uAinn ? 

. SmtiAin A^ ct\oicionn *oo cu|\ AIJ\ fin, A S6Amuif. 

S6AlTltlS. T)6AttfAi > 6 m6 50 bpuit An $Aot AS eitM$e Aguf 50 
cum-OA6 /n cie -o'^ f^uAbAt) teif An fcoii\m, A^uf 50 

. Ace mA 6ifceAnn f6 AS An 
SA.ot HA fcoi m Ann. SmtJAin A|\ c^oicionn eite, A 

. 'Hoif, CA An cCrhdi^le ceA]Ac A^Am-^A, AbAi|v 50 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3997 

MAURYA. Sheamus, do not ; I am afraid of him. That man 
has a curse, they say, that would split the trees. 

SHEAMUS. I don't care if he had a curse that would over- 
throw the heavens ; it is on me it will fall, and I defy him ! 
If he were to kill me on the moment, I will not allow him to 
put his spells on Oona. Give me leave, Maurya. 

SHEELA. Do not, Sheamus. I have a better advice than 

SHEAMUS. What advice is that ? 

SHEELA. I have a way in my head to put him out. If you 
follow my advice he will go out himself as quiet as a lamb, 
and when you get him out slap the door on him, and never 
let him in again. 

MAURYA. Luck from God on you, Sheela, and tell us what's 
in your head. 

SHEELA. We will do it as nice and easy as ever you saw. 
We will put him to twist a hay-rope till he is outside, and then 
we will snut the door on him. 

SHEAMUS. It's easy to say, but not easy to do. He will say 
to you, " Make a hay-rope yourself." 

SHEELA. We will say then that no one ever saw a hay-rope 
made, that there is no one at all in the house to make the 
beginning of it. 

SHEAMUS. But will he believe that we never saw a hay- 

SHEELA. Believe it, is it? He'd believe anything; he'd 
believe that himself is king over Ireland when he has a glass 
taken, as he has now. 

SHEAMUS. But what excuse can we make for saying we 
want a hay-rope? 

MAURYA. Can't you think of something yourself, Sheamus ? 

SHEAMUS. Sure I can say the wind is rising, and I must 
bind the thatch, or it will be off the house. 

SHEELA. But he'll know the wind is not rising if he does 
but listen at the door. You must think of some other excuse, 

SHEAMUS. Wait, I have a good idea now ; say that there is 



bptnt coipce teAstA AS bun An cntnc, ASP 50 bptut piAt> AS 
iAf\|\Ait) pus^m teip An scoipce "oo teAfujAt). tti feicpit) pe com 
PA-DA pm 6'n TDojuip, AS^P ni beit> fiop Ai$e nAC piop 6. 

. Sm An ps^t, A Sigte. 'tloip, A SeAtnmp, s^o 
nA n*OAome ASUP teis An fvun t 6. 1nnip T>6ib CAT) c^ ACA 
te |\At) nAC ft-pACAit) oume AJI b.t fAn ci|\ feo fu^An f6in |\iArfi 
c|\oicionn mAit A|\ An mb|\6i5, tu t?m. 

^Amuf 6 t)tnne 50 x>t>ine AS cosA^nAi^ le<3. 
CHIT) ACA AS s^ 1 F e - TlASAnn An piobAi|\e 
eAnn f6 AS femm. ijviseAnn cfi no ceAtt\A|\ T>e 
) AS "OAnifA. 1mti$eAnn S^ArnAf 
111 n-xMltl. [AS 6if\i$e CA^ 6if A t>eit AS 
A|i -peAt) ctiptA moimiT).] pptnc ! fcopASAit) ! An "ocusAnn fit) 

X)Atflf A A|\ An fC]AApA1j\eACC fin ! UA flt> AS btJAtAt) An |\tAl|\ niAf\ 

t>eit An oi^eAt) fin x>'eAttAC. C^ fit) corh cfom t6 tutt^m, Asiif 
Corfi ciocAC te AfAit. 5 "o^ACCAfi mo piob^n T>A mb'f:eA|\fv tiom 
beit AS -p^ACAinc o|\f AID 'nxS Af An oif\eAT> fin tACAin IDACAC, AS 
l!tnni$ A|\ teAt-coif Af put) An 056 ! PASAIX) An c-ut\U^ pA 1JnA 
Hi tlios^m ASP pum-pA. 

-out AS "OAriipA]. x\suf CAX> pAt A bpAspAniAoip An 

TT1AC "U1 n-ATIH. UA An eAtA AJA bf\AC nA comne, cA An 
phoemcp Uio^A, cA peA|\tA An bpoUAig bAm, cA An t)nup 
mbAn, cA fin A Hi Hi 05^1 n AS peApArh puAp Uom-pA, 
Aic A|\ bit A n-ei|\i$eAnn pipe puAp urhtuigeAnn An $eAtAC 
An $j\iAn pem "oi, ASP tJrht6CAit) pib-pe. UA pi |\6 Atumn 
|\C ppei|\eArhAit te n-Aon beAn eite "oo beic 'nA n-Aice. 
CAipbeAnAim "OAoib mA|\ s ri1>oe ' Arir1 A 
|\mnce, T>eAtvpAit) m6 An c-Abf\An X)Aoib X)O 
m6 T)o Tleutc Cuise tTlurhAn X)'t1nA tli UiosAin. 6i|Ai$, A 
nA mbAn, ASP "oeAjApAmAoiT) An c-Ab|\An te Ceite, s^c te beA|\pA, 
Ann pm mumpimit) t)6ib CAX> 6 ip f\mnce pif\eAnnAC Ann. 


'Si "QnA bAn, nA sfuAise buit>e, 
An cthtfMonn 'cfAt) m mo tA^ mo 

1p ipe mo -pun, 'p mo cumAnn s 
1p cumA tiom coit)Ce beAn ACC i. 

tin A. 

A bAijvo nA puite "ouibe, ip cti 
pAi-p biiAit) m pAn pAo$At A J p ctti, 
5oif\im "oo beAt, A'P motAim tti 
T)o ctii|\ip mo C|\oit)e in mo cteib 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3999 

a coach upset at the bottom of the hill, and that they are asking 
for a hay-rope to mend it with. He can't see as far as that 
from the door, and he won't know it's not true it is. 

MATJRYA. That's the story, Sheela. Now, Sheamus, go 
among the people and tell them the secret. Tell them what 
they have to say, that no one at all in this country ever saw 
a hay-rope, and put a good skin on the lie yourself. (SHEAMUS 
goes from person to person whispering to them and some of 
them begin laughing. The piper has begun playing. Three 
or four couples rise u*p.~\ 

HANRAHAN (after looking at them for a couple of minutes). 
Whisht ! Let ye sit down ! Do ye call such dragging as that 
dancing? You are tramping the floor like so many cattle. 
You are as heavy as bullocks, as awkward as asses. May my 
throat be choked if I would not rather be looking at as many 
lame ducks hopping on one leg through the house. Leave the 
floor to Oona ni Regaun and to me. 

ONE OF THE MEN GOING TO DANCE. And for what would we 
leave the floor to you ? 

HANRAHAN. The swan of the brink of the waves, the royal 
phoenix, the pearl of the white breast, the Venus amongst the 
women, Oona ni Regaun, is standing up with me, and any place 
where she rises up the sun and the moon bow to her, and so 
shall ye. She is too handsome, too sky-like for any other 
woman to be near her. But wait a while! Before I'll show 
you how the fine Connacht boy can dance, I will give you 
the poem I made on the star of the province of Minister, on 
Oona ni Regaun. Rise up, sun among women, and we will 
sing the song together, verse about, and then we'll show them 
what right dancing is ! (OONA rises) . 

HANRAHAN. She is white Oona of the yellow hair, 

The Coolin that was destroying my heart inside me ; 
She is my secret love and my lasting affection, 
I care not for ever for any woman but her. 

OONA. O bard of the black eye, it is you 

Who have found victory in the world and fame ; 
I call on yourself and I praise your mouth ; 
You have set my heart in my breast astray. 


CAfA-6 An tf us<5in. 

rnAC tn n-Arm. 

'Si tinA bAn nA st* UA1 5 e 6itt, 

TTIo feAfc, mo cumAnn, mo $^"6, mo 

ttACAi-6 fi pein te n-A bAt\T> 1 506111, 
T)o toic fi A ct\oit>e in A cteib 50 mofi. 

ttioj\ bfA-oA 01-Oce tiom, n-i tA, 
AS eifceACC te -oo com^A-O b|\eA$. 
1f binne -00 beAt n^ feinm n 
m mo cteib t)o 



m6 pein -ATI oorhAn 
6i|\e, An "jpfVAinc 'f An 
tli f ACA1-6 m6 -peiti 1 mbAite 

*Oo ctiAtAi'6 mife An ctAijtfeAC bmn 
SAn cff\AiT) -pm Co^cAit;, A^ -pemm tmn, 

1f bmne 50 m6|\ tiom pein T>O 
1f bmne 50 mojv "oo beAt 'nxS fin. 

rriAC tn 

T)o bi me p6m mo cA^An bocc, 
teii\ "OAm oi-oce tA]\ An tA, 
50 bpACAit) me I, -oo $01*0 mo 
"oo "Oibi^ "oiom mo b|\6n 'f mo 

T)o bi m6 pem A 
AS fiubAt coif coitte te pAmne An tAe, 
"bi eun Ann fin AS feinm 50 bmn, 
" THo s^A-O-f A An si\At), A*f nAC Atumn 6 ! " 

co]tAnn A^nf buAiteAnn SeAmtif O li-1^f\Ainn 

. Ob ob w, oc 6n i o, 50 -oe<5 ! O An c6ifce m<5i\ 
AS bun An Cntuc. ~C& An mAtA A bptut tictveA^A nA cife 
Ann pteAfstA, A5f ni't f^eAns n^ ceA-o nA |\6pA nA OA'OAit) ACA 
te nA ceAnsAitc A|\if. O fiAT> AS s^ o>OAt AmA6 Anoif A-JA ftiSAn 
pei|\ T>O "oeAnArh t)6ib cibe f6|\c JUHT) 6 fin Asf "oeijA fiAT> 50 
mbeit) nA tiC|\eACA -| An coifce CAittce AH carbtut) 
te n-A sceAnsAitc. 

THAC V\\ n-AtlH. m bi 's Af mbo > 6rvti$A > 6 ! O Ap 
j\Ait)ce ASAmn, Asf Anoif CAmAoiT) T)tit AS "OArhfA. Hi 
An c6ifce An beAtAC fin A^ Aon co|\. 

The Twisting of the Rope. 4001 

HANBAHAN. O fair Oona of the golden hair, 

My desire, my affection, my love and my store 

Herself will go with her bard afar ; 

She has hurt his heart in his breast greatly. 

OONA. I would not think the night long nor the day, 
Listening to your fine discourse; 
More melodious is your mouth than the singing of birds 
From my heart in my breast you have found love. 

HANBAHAN. I walked myself the entire world, 

England, Ireland, France and Spain; 

I never saw at home or afar 

Any girl under the sun like fair Oona. 

OONA. I have heard the melodious harp 

On the street of Cork playing to us ; 

More melodious by far did I think your voice, 

More melodious by far your mouth than that. 

HANBAHAN. I was myself one time a poor barnacle goose, 

The night was not plain to me more than the day 
Until I beheld her, she is the love of my heart, 
That banished from me my grief and my misery. 

OONA. I was myself on the morning of yesterday 

Walking beside the wood at the break of day ; 
There was a bird there was singing sweetly 
How I love love, and is it not beautiful. 

(A shout and a noise, and SHEAMUS O'HERAN rushes in). 

SHEAMUS. Ububu! Ohone-y-o, do deo! The big coach, is 
overthrown at the foot of the hill! The bag in which the 
letters of the country are is bursted, and there is neither tie 
nor cord nor rope nor anything to bind it up. They are 
calling out now for a hay sugaun, whatever kind of thing that 
is; the letters and the coach will be lost for want of a hay 
sugaun to bind them. 

HANRAHAN. Do not be bothering us; we have our poem 
done and we are going to dance. The coach does not come this 
wav at all. 


CAfAt) An 

S6x\tntlS. UA^Ann f ATI beAtAC fin Anoif ACC if t)6i$ 
fCjvAinfeAf tufA, Aguf nAC bfuit e<3tAf A^AT) AIJI. tlAC 
An cOifce tAfi An ^cnoc Anoif A cc-niAffAnnA ? 

1xVO t!1t6. UA^Ann, cA^Ann 50 cmnce. 

rtlAC t!1 h-Atltt. 1f cumA tiom, A teACC no An A teAcc. 
Ace b'feA^f tiom pee c6ifce belt bfifce AJ\ An mb6cAi\ M^ T;O 
jcui^peA p6AftA An t)|\ottAi5 GAin 6 t>ArhfA "outnn. xM)Ai|v Leir 
An scoirceoifi |\6pA T>O CAfA-6 -60 -p^m. 

S^ATTItlS. O mtif\T)et\, ni 15 teif, t& An oi^eAt) fin -oe 
T>e teAf Agtif "oe fp|\eACAt> A^u-p "oe^ tut m fnA 
fin 50 5CAiti"6 mo C6ifceot\ t>o6u bfeit A-p A 
1f A|\ 6i5in-t)Aif if peiTUft teif A ^ceApAt) n^ A 
"C& pAicdof A AnAm' Ai|t 50 n-eif\e6CAit) fiAT> m A rhuttAC, 
50 n-imteoCAi-o fiAt) tiAit) -oe f\uAi5. CA ^At tiite f eic|\eA6 
ni fACAi-o cw t\iAni A leitiT> t)e CAptAiO piA^Aine ! 

TT1AC tJ1 h-Atltl. ITU CA, cA "OAome eite mf An ^cOifce A 

*oo'n Cotrce6i^ t>eit AS ceAnn nA 
fin Agtif teig -oumn "OArfif A. 

UA ; c,d Cf\iu^ eite Ann, ACc niAit)!^ te ceAnn ACA, 
tAirh, A^tif peA|\ eite ACA, CA f6 AS C|\it ^5f Ag 
teif An fgAnn^At) PUAI^ f6, ni ci teif -peAfArii A|\ A "d-d 
coif leif An eA^tA ACA AI^ ; Agtif niAit)if teif An c^iorhAt) 
ni't "ouine A-p bit fin CIJA "oo tei^p 
beut m A friAt)nttife, mA^ nAc te f\6pA "oo C|\OCA*O A 

tTlAf\ $6Att A|\ CAO1JM5 "OO gOlt). 

1 ti-xM1Tl. CAfA'O peA|\ AgAib pem fti^An *o6, mA|\ fin, 
An c-tif\tA|A pumn-ne. [t;e tinA] 'tloif , A |\eitc nA mbAn 
1uno imeAfg nA nt)eite, no tleten 

mo tAim, 6 

tlAoife mAC tlifmg cum bAif, ni't A 1101*6^6 i 
mt)iO ACc tu pem. UofdcAmAoit). 

. T1^ cofAi$, 50 mb6it) An fti^An A^Ainn. Hi tig 
n cAfAt). tli't "otiine A|\ bit Annpo A|\ p6it)i|\ teif 

An pocAt fin " |\6pA " Af A 


|\6pA "oo 
tTI AC t!1 

! ! 

tnte. ni't. 

. tli't *otnne A|\ bit Ann fo 


fin. tli OeAjxnAit) ouine A$ bit 
inf AH ci|\ feo fu^An f6i|v A|\iAm, ni meAfAim 50 bftut T>ume m 
fAn ci$ feo "oo connAic ceAnn ACA, fem, ACC mife. 1f mAit 
cturhmjim-fe, nuAif nAC f\Aib lonnAm ACC 5ij\feAC beA^ 50 bf ACAit) 
m6 ceAnn ACA AJV $AbAf -oo f^s'mo feAn-AtAif teif Af ConnA6- 

^uf if 

The Twisting of the Rope. 4003 

SHEAMUS. The coach does come this way now, but sure 
you're a stranger and you don't know. Doesn't the coach 
come over the hill now, neighbors? 

ALL. It does, it does, surely. 

HANRAHAN. I don't care whether it does come or whether 
it doesn't. I would sooner twenty coaches to be overthrown on 
the road than the pearl of the white breast to be stopped from 
dancing to us. Tell the coachman to twist a rope for himself. 

SHEAMUS. Oh, murder, he can't. There's that much vigor 
and fire and activity ancf courage in the horses that my poor 
coachman must take them by the heads; it's on the pinch of 
his life he's able to control them; he's afraid of his soul they'll 
go from him of a rout. They are neighing like anything ; you 
never saw the like of them for wild horses. 

HANRAHAN. Are there no other people in the coach that will 
make a rope, if the coachman has to be at the horses' Heads ? 
Leave that, and let us dance. 

SHEAMUS. There are three others in it, but as to one of them, 
he is one-handed, and another man of them, he's shaking and 
trembling with the fright he got ; its not in him now to stand 
up on his two feet with the fear that's on him; and as for the 
third man, there isn't a person in this country would speak to 
him about a rope at all, for his own father was hanged with 
a rope last year for stealing sEeep. 

HANRAHAN. Then let one of yourselves twist a rope so, and 
leave the floor to us. [To OONA] Now, star of women, show 
me how Juno goes among the gods, or Helen for whom Troy 
was destroyed. By my word, since Deirdre died, for whom 
Naoise, son of Usnech, was put to death, her heir is not in 
Ireland to-day but yourself. Let us begin. 

SHEAMUS. Do not begin until we have a rope; we are not 
able to twist a rope; there's nobody here can twist a rope. 

HANRAHAN. There's nobody here is able to twist a rope ? 
ALL. Nobody at all. 

SHEELA. And that's true; nobody in this place ever made 
a hay sugaun. I don't believe there's a person in this house 
who ever saw one itself but me. It's well I remember when I 
was a little girsha that I saw one of them on a goat that my 



"biot) nA T>Aoine tute AS jUt), " AJVA I CIA 'n p^jtr two 
pm cop Afi bit ? " ASP -oubAifc p eipeAn s u t* pus^n t>o bi^An 
^S^p 5 5tiiT>if NA "OAome A teiteix> pm f iop 1 sConnACCAib. T)ub- 
Aij\c pe 50 t\ACAX> peAp AC A AS consbAa -An p6ip Agtif -pe-A|\ eite 

mife An p6^|\ ^noif, tn-d C6i"OeAnn 

mife jt-AC 




tn ti-Arn [A 

ineA-6 cui^e TTIurh-An, 
An c-u|\t-di\ -pumn ; 

ft5^in, -p^m ! 

f nAf 

50 *oeo 

p-A^Ann fiAt) An c-tJftA|\ pumn ; 
ITlurhAn nA mbAittfeoi|\ mt)|\6An,- 
"OC15 ted CAf At) pus-Ain, pem ! 

S6AtntlS [A^ Aif]. Se6 An peAjt Anoif: 
1TIAC "U1 n-Atltl. UAbAif 'm Ann -po e. 
t)Aoit) CAT) t)6AnpAp An ConnACCAC "oeAg-rhumce "oeAftArhAC, An 
ConnAtcAC c6if ctipce ciAtttiiAts A bpuit tut A^up t^n-pcuAim Ai^e 
iti A t-inti, A^up ciAtt m A eeAnn, Agup co|\Aipce m A Cfioit>e, ACC 
5-|\ fe6t mi-^t> A^up m<5j\buAi'6-peAt> ^n cpAo$Ait 6 AtneAp^ teibi- 
oini Cui^e ITItJtfiAn, AC^ An Aoii\X)e ^An UAipte, AC^ $An e6tAp A|\ 
An eAtA tAj\ An tACAin, no AI\ An 6|\ tA-jA An bpfAp, no AJI An tite 
An bpotAn^n, no A|\ |\eutc nA tnb-An 65, Agup A|\ peAj\tA An 
bAin, tAj\ A scuiT) pc^Aoitte A^up giobAC pein. UAbAi|\ 
cipin ! 

[SineAnn peA|\ mAi-oe t)6, ctn^eAnn p6 pop pei|\ cimciott AI^ ; 
pe t)'^ cApAt), Agup Sijte AS CAbAit\c AmAC An 




Hi n-x\rm [AS 

C-A p6At\tA mn.d ' 
1p i mo $t A ^'> 1 f 
*S i "UnA b^n, An 
'S ni tui^ix) nA TT!tJiirini$ teAt A 

nA tTltiirhni5 peo "OAttcA AS T)IA, 

Hi Altni$1T> 6AtA tAjA tACA tlAt, 

x\6c ciucpAit) pi tiom-pA, mo listen 
TTlAt\ A motpAt\ A peAfipA 'p A p^eim 50 

! mmpe ! mtnpe ! mtupe ! tlAt 6 peo An bAite 
e peo An bAite tA|\ bA|\p, An bAite A mbionn An 

The Twisting of the Rope. 4005 

grandfather brought with him out of Connacht. All tEe 
people used to be saying : Aurah, what sort of thing is that at 
all? And he said that it was a sugaun that was in it, and 
that people used to make tEe like of that down in Connacht. 
He said that one man would go holding the hay, and another 
man twisting it. I'll hold tEe hay now, and you'll go twisting 

SHEAMUS. I'll bring in a lock of hay. [He goes outJ] 

HANRAHAN. I will make a dispraising of the province of Munster : 
They do not leave the floor to us, 
It isn't in them to twist even a sugaun ; 
The province of Munster without nicety, without 


Disgust for ever on the province of Munster, 
That they do not leave us the floor ; 
The province of Munster of the foul clumsy people. 
They cannot even twist a sugaun ! 

SHEAMUS (coming back). Here's the hay now. 

HANEAHAN. Give it here to me ; I'll show ye what the well- 
learned, handy, honest, clever, sensible Connachtman will do, 
who has activity and full deftness in his hands, and sense in 
his head, and courage in his heart, but that the misfortune and 
the great trouble of the world directed him among the lebidins 
of the province of Munster, without honor, without nob'ility, 
without knowledge of the swan beyond the duck, or of the gold 
beyond the brass, or of the lily beyond the thistle, or of the 
star of young women and the pearl of the white breast beyond 
their own share of sluts and slatterns. Give me a kippeen. 
[J. man hands him a stick. He puts a wisp of hay round it, and 
begins twisting it, and SHEELA giving him owt the hay.~\ 

HANRAHAN. There is a pearl of a woman giving light to us; 
She is my love ; she is my desire ; 
She is fair Oona, the gentle queen-woman. 
And the Munstermen do not understand half her courtesy. 
These Munstermen are blinded by God. 
They do not recognise the swan beyond the grey duck, 
But she will come with me, my fine Helen, 
Where her person and her beauty shall be praised for ever. 

Arrah, wisha, wisha, wisha, isn't this the fine village, isn't 
this the exceeding village! the village where there be that 


CAfA"6 An 

cjtoCCA -Ann nAC mbionn Aon eAfbuit) ^CpA Aft nA t)Aomib, 
teif An meAt) fopA $oit>eAnn fiAt> o'n ;cj\oAit\e CfAi"6ceAAin 
ACA lonncA. UA nA fdpAit) ACA A^uf ni tu^Ann fiAt) uAtA IAX> 





CAf A"6 

Au An 

ACA "oe t>Af|\ An 

ConnACcAC ciAttrtiA|\ 
-66 p^m, 
ACc 501-oeAnn An tTltiirhneAC 


cnAibe 50 

AjA f5 6l 5 lG 

Aomne Ann f o ! 




A5f nio|\ 

niA|\ jeAtt A$ Aon rhnAoi ArhAm t>6it> An bAite feo 
50 "ceo nA n"oe6f A^uf 50 bjuimne An GfAtA, te T)1A nA 
5 fio^^tii'oe -putAin, nuAit\ nA|t ttn^eAiDA-fx 5117; Ab i "UnA 
ni Ri 05x^1 n An "OA^A tleten *oo ftj^At) m A meAf^, Agtif 50 
Ante A|\ tleten A5f AJ\ t)6nuf, A|\ A "ocAim^ |\oimpi 

fi tiotti mo peA|\tA 
50 ctiise ConnACc nA n"OAoine 
^eobAit) fi f eAfCA -pion A 5 f p e6it 
TlinnceAnnA A^VOA, f po^c A J f ce6 

An mbAite feo, 

O ! tfiuif e ! rhtiife ! nA^ eifigit) An 

tAfAlt) -peAtCA Alf, A^tlf nA^ -- 

fe fAn Am f o Atntng tAf An "oojuif . 6i|\i5eAnn nA fift uite 
ounAiT) e "o'Aon |^ UA1 5 ArhAm A1|\. UtigAnn tJnA teirn Cum 
An -oo|\uif, A6c beijMt) nA mnA ui|\|M. Ueit)eAnn SeAtnuf Anonn 


"UTIA. O ! O ! O ! nA ctn|\i5it)e AIDAC e. teig A|\ Aif e. Sm 
UoniAf O n-Ann|\ACAin, if pite 6, if bAjvo e, if peA|\ lon^AncAC 
es O tei5 Af\ Aif e, nA "oeAn fin A1|\ ! 

S^AtntJS. A tinA bAn, A^uf A Cuifle -biteAf, tei^ -06. UA 
f6 imtigte Anoif A^uf A Cmx) ibifctveos teif. t)eit> fe initiate 
Af "oo CeAnn AmAjvAC, A5tif belt) cufA imtijte Af A 6eAnn-fAn. 
VlA6 bptut fiof A^AC 50 mAit 50 mb'peAj\j\ tiom tu 'nA ceAt) mite 
*Oeitvot\e, Aguf 5U|\ cufA m'Aon peAptA mnA AmAm -o'A bpuit m 
fAn "oomAn. 

TTIAC "U1 h-Atiri [Amtn$, AS buAtA-6 Af An t>ojuif]. pof $Ait ! 

AfceAC me. O mo feACc ^ceAt) mite 

The TwMnj of the Rope. 4007 

many rogues hanged that the people have no want of ropes 
with all the ropes that they steal from the hangman! 

The sensible Connachtman makes 

A rope for himself; 
But the Munsterman steals it 

From the hangman ; 
That I may see a fine rope, 

A rope of hemp yet 
A stretching on the throats 

Of every person here ! 

On account of one woman only the Greeks departed, and 
they never stopped, and they never greatly stayed, till they 
destroyed Troy ; and on account of one woman only this village 
shall be damned; go deo, na ndeor, and to the womb of judg- 
ment, by God of the graces, eternally and everlastingly, 
because they did not understand that Oona ni Regaun is the 
second Helen, who was born in their midst, and that she 
overcame in beauty Deirdre and Venus, and all that came 
before or that will come after her ! 

But she will come with me, my pearl of a woman, 
To the province of Connacht of the fine people, 
She will receive feast, wine and meat, 
High dances, sport and music! 

Oh wisha, wisha, that the sun may never rise upon this 
village, and that the stars may never shine on it, and 

that . [He is by this time outside the door. All the men 

make a rush at the door, and shut it. OONA ri&ns towards the 
door, lut the women seize her. SHEAMUS goes over to herJ] 

OONA. Oh, oh, oh, do not put him out, let him back, that is 
Tumaus Hanrahan ; he is a poet, he is a bard, he is a wonderful 
man. Oh, let him back, do not do that to him. 

SHEAMUS. Oh, Oona bawn, acushla deelish, let him be, he 
is gone now, and his share of spells with him. He will be gone 
out of your head to-morrow, and you will be gone out of his 
head. Don't you know that I like you better than a hundred 
thousand Deirdres, and that you are my one pearl of a woman 
in the world. 

HANRAHAN (outside, beating on the door). Open, open, open, 
let me in! Oh, my seven hundred thousand curses on you, 
the curse of the weak and of the strong, the curse of the poets 
and of the bards upon you! The curse of the priests on you 

4008 CAfA>6 An 

[t>uAiteAtin re An 

nA tA of\]tAib 'p nA 

n-A fA^Af 

tiA ti-6AfbAtt 



btJit>eA6 "oib AtnAfVAC. t)t>Ait teAC, A f5f\Aifce ! "o^An "oo "6Atfif A 
teAC p6in Amui$ Ann fin, Anoif ! Hi O-ptngi-6 cu AfceAC Ann f o ! 
O|\A, A C<3niA|\fAnnA nAC b|\eAj 6, -ouine "oo beit A^ 6ifceACc teif 
An fcoi^m CAOb Atnui^, A^uf 6 p6m 50 f ocAift f AfCA coif tiA cem- 
eAt>. t3uAit teAC 1 5r eA> teAC. CA 'ml ConnACc Anoif ? 

The Twisting of the Rope, 4009 

and the friars! The curse of the bishops upon you and the 
Pope! The curse of the widows on you and the children! 
Open ! \\He beats at the door again and again.~\ 

SHEAMUS. I am thankful to ye, neighbors, and Oona will 
be thankful to ye to-morrow. Beat away, you vagabond ! Do 
your dancing out there by yourself now! Isn't it a fine 
thing for a man to be listening to the storm outside, and 
himself quiet and easy beside the fire? Beat away, storm 
away! Where's Connacht now? 




(About 1641.) 

MAURICE DUGAN, or O'DuGAN, lived near Benburb, in County 
Tyrone, about the year 1641, and he wrote the song to the air of " The 
Coolin," which was even in his time old, and which is, as Hardiman 
says, considered by many "the finest in the whole circle of Irish 
music." He was supposed to be descended from the O'Dugans, 
hereditary bards and historians, one of whom wrote the ' ' Typo- 
graphy of Ancient Ireland," which was extensively used by the 
Four Masters in their " Annals." O'Reilly, in his u Irish Writers," 
mentions four other poems, the production of O'Dugan, namely, 
"Set your Fleet in Motion," " Owen was in a Rage," " Erin has Lost 
her Lawful Spouse, " " Fodhla (Ireland) is a Woman in Decay. " The 
translation of ' ' The Coolin " will be found among the works of Sir 
Samuel Ferguson. 


(About 1612.) 

MAURICE FITZGERALD lived in Munster in the time of Elizabeth. 
He was the son of David duff (the black) Fitzgerald, and he seems to 
have been a man of considerable education and of refined taste. 
Several of his works exist, but the facts of his life are shrouded in 
darkness. It is supposed that he died in Spain, where many of the 
most eminent Irishmen of his time found an exile's home. His 
journey thither probably suggested the " Ode on his Ship," though 
as Miss Brooke says in her " Reliques of Irish Poetry," it is possible 
the third ode of Horace deserves that credit. In O'Reilly's " Irish 
Writers " is a list of seven poems by Fitzgerald which were in 
O'Reilly's possession in 1820. The translation of his "Ode on his 
Ship " will be found with the work of Miss Brooke. 


Is the supposed author of "County Mayo" or " The Lament of 
Thomas Flavell," the English translation of which by George Fox 
will be found in its place under that author's name. He was a 


4012 Irish Literature. 

native of Bophin, an island on the western coast of Ireland, and lived 
in the seventeenth or eighteenth century. Hardiman says of the 
poem that "it is only remarkable for being combined with one of 
our sweetest native melodies the very soul of Irish music." 


" GEOFFRY KEATING, the Herodotus of Ireland," says Dr. Douglas 
Hyde in his " Literary History of Ireland," "the Four Masters, and 
Duald MacFirbis were men of whom any age or country might be 
proud, men who, amid the war, rapine, and conflagration that rolled 
through the country at the heels of the English soldiers, still strove 
to save from the general wreck those records of their country which 
to-day make the name of Ireland honorable for her antiquities, 
traditions, and history in the eyes of the scholars of Europe. 

" Of these men, Keating, as a prose writer, was the greatest. He 
was a man of literature, a poet, professor, theologian, and historian, 
in one. He brought the art of writing limpid Irish to its highest 
perfection, and ever since the publication of his ' History of Ireland,** 
some two hundred and fifty years ago, the modern language may 
be said to have been stereotyped. ... I consider him (Keating) the 
first Irish historian and trained scholar who . . . wrote for the 
masses, not the classes, and he had his reward in the thousands of 
copies of his popular history made and read throughout all Ire- 

He was born at Tubbrid, near Clogheen, in County Tipperary, 
about the year 1570. At an early age he was sent to Spain, and he 
studied for twenty-three years in the College of Salamanca. On 
his return he was received with great respect by all classes of his 
countrymen, and after a tour through the country was appointed to 
the ministry of his native parish. Here he soon became famous for 
his eloquence, and crowds came to hear him from the neighboring 
towns of Cashel and Clonmel. Owing to his plain speaking in the 
pulpit, he was in danger of being arrested, and he fled for safety 
into the Galtee mountains. 

Here he caused to be brought to him the materials he had been 
collecting for years, and here wrote his well-known and important 
4 ' History of Ireland, " ultimately completed about the year 1625. It 
begins from the earliest period (namely, the arrival of the three 
daughters of Cain, the eldest named Banba, who gave her name to 
Ireland, which was called " the Isle of Banba"), and extends to the 
Anglo-Norman invasion. In 1603, Keating was enabled to return to 
his parish, where he found a coadjutor, with whom he lived and 
labored peacefully for many years. One of the joint works of the 
two men was the erection of a church in 1644, over the door of 
which may yet be seen an inscription speaking of them as found- 
ers, and beside which was placed afterwards the following epitaph 
on the poet-historian : 

Early Irish Authors. 4013 


" In Tybrid, hid from mortal eye, 
A priest, a poet, and a prophet lie ; 
All these and more than in one man could be 
Concentrated was in famous Jeoffry." 

Of the other works of Keating many were a few years ago, and 
possibly still are, well known traditionally to the peasantry of 
Munster. Among them are " Thoughts on Innisfail," which D'Arcy 
Magee has translated; " A Farewell to Ireland," a poem addressed to 
his harper; "An Elegy on the Death of Lord de Decies," the " Three 
Shafts of Death," a treatise in Irish prose, which Irish soldiers, we 
are told, have long held in admiration. He died about 1650. 


TEIGE MACDAIRE, son of Daire MacBrody, was born about 1570. 
He was principal poet to Donogh O'Brian, fourth Earl of Thomond, 
and held as his appanage the Castle of Dunogan, in Clare, with its 
lands. In accordance with the bardic usage, he wrote his elegant 
' ' Advice to a Prince " to his chief when the latter attained to the title. 
This is the most elaborate of his poems. Dr. Douglas Hyde in his 
" Literary History of Ireland " tells us that his poetry is all written 
in elaborate and highly wrought classical meters, and that there 
are still extant some 3,400 lines. 

We give among the selections from the work of Dr. Hyde a few 
of the verses translated by him into the exact equivalent of the 
meter in which they are written. 

MacDaire was assassinated by a marauding soldier of Cromwell's 
army, who, as he treacherously flung the poet over a precipice, 
mocked him in Irish, crying : ' ' Go, make your songs now, little 
man ! " This was one of MacDaire's own countrymen. 


JOHN MACDONNELL, ' ' perhaps the finest poet of the first half of 
the eighteenth century," says Dr. Douglas Hyde, was born near 
Charleville, in the County Cork, in the year 1691. He has gen- 
erally been called MacDonnell Claragh, from Claragh, the name of 
the residence of his family. O'Halloran in his " History of Ireland " 
speaks of him as " a man of great erudition, and a profound Irish 
antiquarian and poet," and says that he " had made valuable collec- 
tions, and was writing in his native tongue a ' History of Ireland,' " 
which failing health, however, prevented him completing. He also 
proposed translating Homer's Iliad into Irish, and had at least pro- 
ceeded so far as to produce several highly praised specimens of what 
his work would be. But this, as well as the " History of Ireland," 


Irish Literature. 

was put a stop to by his illness and death, and MacDonnelFs famd 
must now rest on his poems alone. He died in the year 1754. 

Hardiman ranks him in Irish as equal to Pope in English, and 
believes that had he lived to complete his translation of the Iliad 
it would have been as successful in a literary sense as was that of 
Pope. "If," he continues, "the latter had been an Irishman, and 
had written in the language of the country, it would be a matter of 
difficulty to determine which would be entitled to the prize. But, 
fortunately for his genius and fame, Pope was born on the right 
side of the Channel." 

MacDonnell was, it seems, a "rank Jacobite" in politics, and, 

Soet and genius though he was, had often by hasty flights to save 
is life from the hands of the " hunters of the bards." We give a 
translation of one of his poems by an anonymous hand. Others, by 
D'Alton, will be found among the examples of his work. 


Mild as the rose its sweets will breathe, 
Tho' gems all bright its bloom enwreathe ; 
Undeck'd by gold or diamond rare, 
Near Albion's throne stood Grana fair. 

The vestal queen in wonder view'd 
The hand that grasp'd the falchion rude 
The azure eye, whose light could prove 
The equal power in war or love. 

" Some boon," she cried, "thou lady brave, 
From Albion's queen in pity crave : 
E'en name the rank of countess high, 
Nor fear the suit I'll e'er deny." 

" Nay, sister-queen," the fair replied, 
" A sov'reign, and an hero's bride 
No fate shall e'er of pride bereave 
I'll honors give, but none receive. 

" But grant to him whose infant sleep 
Is lull'd by rocking o'er the deep 
Those gifts, which now for Erin's sake 
Thro' pride of soul I dare not take." 

The queen on Grana gazed and smil'd, 
And honor'd soon the stranger child 
"With titles brave, to grace a name 
Of Erin's isle in herald fame. 

1 This ballad celebrates a real historical scene, the visit of the famous 
Grace O'Malley to Queen Elizabeth. In the " Anthologia Hibernica'^the 
visit is thus described: "The Queen, surrounded by her ladies, received 
her in great state. Grana was introduced in the dress of her country : a 
long, uncouth mantle covered her head and body ; her hair was gathered 
on her crown, and fastened with a bodkin ; her breast was bare, and she 
had a yellow bodice and petticoat. The court stared with surprise at so 
strange a figure." " Granu Wail " or ' Grana Uile " was one of the typi- 
cal names of Ireland, and, as Lover remarks, the mere playing of the air 
with that name has still a political significance. (See also the examples 
of the work of Caesar Otway.) 

Early Irish Authors. 4015 



THIS famous scholar was born in County Sligo. He was the au- 
thor of " The Branches of Relationship," or " Volumes of Pedigrees." 
The autograph copy of this vast compilation, generally known as 
" The Book of MacFirbis," is now in the library of the Earl of Roden. 
He assisted Sir James Ware by transcribing and translating from 
the Irish for him. His ' ' Collection of Glossaries " has been published 
by Dr. W nitle y Stokes. His autograph " Martyrology," or "Litany 
of the Saints" in verse, is preserved in the British Museum. The 
fragment of his Treatise on " Irish Authors "is in the Royal Irish 
Academy. His transcription of the " Chronicum Scotorum" was 
translated by the late Mr. W. M. Hennessy, and published in 1867. 
His " Annals of Ireland " has been translated and edited by O'Dono- 
van, and published by the Irish Archaeological Society. A tran- 
script of his catalogue of ' * Extinct Irish Bishoprics," by Mr. Hennessy, 
is in the collection of the Royal Irish Academy. In the Trans- 
actions of the Kilkenny Archa3ological Society may be found his 
English version of the " Registry of Clonmacnoise," compiled in the 
year 1216. Some extracts from his works translated by Professor 
O'Donovan will be found among the examples from that gentle- 
man's work. 

(1723 ) 

ANDREW MAGRATH was born in Limerick about 1723. He was one 
of the most gay, careless, and rollicking of the Jacobite poets, and 
one of the last who wrote in his native tongue. He wrote many 
songs and poems, of politics, of love, and of drinking. He was, like 
so many of his fellows, a wild liver ; and his name survives yet 
among the peasantry of his native Munster, among whom he is 
remembered as the Mangaire Sugach, or Merry Monger. The date 
of his death is not known, but he is said to lie buried in Kill- 
mallock Churchyard. 

We append anonymous translations of two of his poems. None 
of them have, however, been adequately rendered into the English 


Too long have the churls in dark bondage oppressed me, 
Too long have I cursed them in anguish and gloom ; 
Yet Hope with no vision of comfort has blessed me 
The cave is my shelter the rude rock my home. 
Save Doun 1 and his kindred, my sorrow had shaken 
All friends from my side, when at evening, forsaken, 
I sought the lone fort, proud to hear him awaken, 
The hymn of deliverance breathing for me. 

1 The ruler of the Munster fairies. 

4016 Irish Literature. 

He told how the heroes were fallen and degraded 

And scorn dashed the tear their affliction would claim ; 
But Plielim and Heber, 1 whose children betrayed it, 

The land shall relume with the light of their fame. 
The fleet is prepared, proud Charles 2 is commanding, 
And wide o'er the wave the white sail is expanding, 
The dark brood of Luther shall quail at their landing, 
The Gael like a tempest shall burst on the foe. 

The bards shall exult, and the harp-strings shall tremble, 

And love and devotion be poured in the strain ; 
Ere " Samhain" 8 our chiefs shall in Temor* assemble, 

The " Lion" protect our own pastors again. 
The Gael shall redeem every shrine's desecration, 
In song shall exhale our warm heart's adoration, 
Confusion shall light on the foe's usurpation. 
And Erin shine out yet triumphant and free. 

The secrets of destiny now are before you 

Away ! to each heart the proud tidings to tell : 
Your Charles is at hand, let the green flag spread o'er you ! 
The treaty they broke your deep vengeance shall swell. 
The hour is arrived, and in loyalty blending, 
Surround him ! sustain ! Shall the gorged goal descending 
Deter you, your own sacred monarch defending? 
Rush on like a tempest and scatter the foe! 


I sell the best brandy and sherry, 
To make my good customers merry ; 

But at times their finances 

Run short, as it chances, 
And then I feel very sad, very ! 

Here's brandy ! Come, fill up your tumbler ; 
Or ale, if your liking be humbler ; 

And, while you've a shilling, 

Keep filling and swilling 
A fig for the growls of the grumbler ! 

I like, when I'm quite at my leisure, 
Mirth, music, and all sorts of pleasure ; 

When Margery's bringing 

The glass, I like singing 
With bards if they drink within measure. 

Libation ! I pour a libation, 

I sing the past fame of our nation ; 

For valorous glory. 

For song and for story, 
This, this, is my grand recreation. 

1 Renegade Irish who joined the foe. 2 The Pretender. 
3 The 1st of November, the festival of Baal-Samen, so called by the 
Druids. 4 Tara. 

Early Irish Authors. 4017 



(About 1588.) 

GERALD NUGENT was one of those Irishmen of English descent of 
whom it was complained that they became more Irish than the Irish 
themselves. In the reign of King John the barony of Devlin in 
Meath was granted to Gilbert de Nugent. By the time of Elizabeth 
the Nugents had taken to the Irish language, like many other inhab- 
itants of the Pale, and Gerald Nugent was a bard and harpist. He 
composed in Irish, and flinging aside his harp he joined with the 
Irish in their attempt to throw off the yoke of the conquerors. Of 
course the result was failure, and Nugent became an exile. In his 
grief at leaving the land of his birth, he composed the ode or lamen- 
tation, a translation of which by the Rev. W. H. Drummond is given 
under that gentleman's name. This is the only one of his poems tnat 
has been preserved. When and where Gerald Nugent died we have 
been unable to discover. 


TURLOUGH CAROLAN, or O'CAROLAN, commonly called the last of 
the bards, was born in the year 1670 at the village of Baile-Nusah, or 
Newton, in the County Westmeath, and went to school at Cruise- 
town, County Longford. When about fifteen (some say eighteen 
and others twenty-two) he lost his sight through an attack of small- 
pox. While at school he made the acquaintance of Bridget Cruise, 
whose name he made famous in one of his songs. 

Many years later Carolan went on a pilgrimage to what is called 
St. Patrick's Purgatory, a cave in an island on Lough Dearg in 
County Donegal. While standing on the shore he began to assist 
some of his fellow-pilgrims into a boat, and chancing to take hold 
of a lady's hand he suddenly exclaimed, ' ' By the hand of my gos- 
sip ! this is the hand of Bridget Cruise ! " So it was, but the fair one 
was still deaf to his suit. 

Carolan moved with his father to Carrick-on-Shannon, and there 
a Mrs. M'Dermott-Roe had him carefully instructed in Irish and 
also to some extent in English. She also caused him to learn how 
to play the harp, not with the view to his becoming a harper, but 
simply as an accomplishment. In his twenty-second year he sud- 
denly determined to become a harper, and, his benefactress pro- 
viding him with a couple of horses and an attendant to carry the 
harp, he started on a round of visits to the neighboring gentry, to 
most of whom he was already known ; and for years he wandered 
all over the country, gladly received wherever he came, and seldom 
forgetting to pay for his entertainment by song in praise of his 

In about middle life he married Miss Mary Maguire, a young lady 


Irish Literature. 

of good family. With her he lived very happily and learned to 
love her tenderly, though she was haughty and extravagant. On 
his marriage he built a neat house at Moshill in County Leitrim, 
and there entertained his friends with more liberality than pru- 
dence. The income of his little farm was soon swallowed up, and 
he fell into embarrassments which haunted him the rest of his life. 
On this he took to his wanderings again, while his wife stayed at 
home and busied herself with the education of their rather numerous 
family. In 1733 she was removed by death, and a melancholy 
fell upon him which remained until the end. He did not survive his 
wife long. In 1738 he paid a visit to the house of his early 
benefactress, Mrs. M'Dermott-Roe, and there he fell ill and died. 

Dr. Douglas Hyde says in his " Literary History of Ireland " : "He 
composed over two hundred airs, many of them very lively, and 
usually addressed to his patrons, chiefly to those of the old Irish 
families. He composed his own words to suit his music, and these 
have given him the reputation of a poet. They are full of curious 
turns and twists of meter to suit his airs, to which they are admir- 
ably wed, and very few are in regular stanzas. They are mostly 
of Pindaric nature, addressed to patrons or to fair ladies ; there are 
some exceptions however, such as his celebrated ode to whisky, one 
of the finest bacchanalian songs in any language, and his much 
more famed but immeasurably inferior 'Eeceipt for Drinking.' 
Very many of his airs and nearly all his poetry with the exception 
of about thirty pieces are lost." 

Examples of his poetry will be found in translations by John 
D'Alton, Arthur Dawson, Sir Samuel Ferguson, Thomas Furlong, 
and Dr. George Sigerson. 

There is a well-known portrait of him by the Dutch painter, 
Vanderhagen, which bears some resemblance to the portraits of 


(1580 1G43.) 

REFERRING to "The Annals of the Four Masters," Dr. Douglas 
Hyde says in his " Literary History of Ireland " : " This mighty work 
is chiefly due to the herculean labors of the learned Franciscan 
brother, Michael O'Clery," who was born in Donegal about the year 
1580. He was descended from a learned family who had been for 
centuries hereditary historians to the O'Donnells, princes of Tyr- 
connell, and at an early age became distinguished for his abilities. 
While yet young he retired to the Irish Franciscan monastery at 
Louvain, where he soon attracted the attention of the learned Hugh 
Ward, a native of his own country and a lecturer at the Irish Col- 
lege. His perfect knowledge of the Irish language and history 
caused him to be employed by Ward to carry out a project that en- 
thusiastic monk had formed for rescuing the annals and antiquities 
of his country from oblivion. 

Early Irish Authors. 4019 

O'Clery then returned to Ireland, where for many years he busied 
himself collecting manuscripts and other works and transmitting 
them to Louvain. In 1635 Ward died, but some time before he 
managed to publish from O'Clery's materials " The Life of St. Ru- 
mold," u Irish Martyrology," and a treatise on the " Names of Ire- 
land." John Colgan, also a native of Donegal, afterwards made 
large use of O'Clery Is manuscripts in his works on the Irish saints, 
' ' Trias Thaumaturga " and ' ' Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae. " Even be- 
fore Ward's death, however, O'Clery had commenced his great 
work, which at first went by the name of "The Annals of Donegal," 
then by the title of ' ' The Ulster Annals," and is now known over the 
world as " The Annals of the Four Masters," as he and his assistants, 
Peregrine O'Clery, Conary O'Clery, and Peregrine O'Duigenan, a 
learned antiquary of Kilronan, were named. He had also some 
little help from the hereditary historians to the kings of Connaught, 
two members of the old and learned family of the O'Maolconerys. 

The work states that it was entirely composed in the convent of 
the Brothers of Donegal, who supplied the requirements of the tran- 
scribers while their labors were in progress. Fergal O'Gara, a 
member for Sligo in the Parliament of 1634, is also said to have 
liberally rewarded O'Clery's assistants, while it was his advice and in- 
fluence that prevailed on O'Clery to bring them together and proceed 
with the work. In the ' ' Testimonials " are also stated the names of the 
books and manuscripts from which the " Annals " were compiled, 
and there also we find the information that the first volume was 
begun on the 22d January, 1632, and the last finished on the 10th 
August, 1636. To the " Testimonials," which is a kind of guarantee 
of the faithfulness of the work, are subscribed the names of the Su- 
perior and two of the monks, together with the countersignature of 
O'Donnell, Prince of Tyrconnell. 

After the completion of the " Annals" O'Clery returned to Lou- 
vain, where in 1643 he published a " Vocabulary of the Irish Lan- 
guage. " This seems to have been the last of his works, and this year 
the last year of his life. 

4 ' The Annals of the Four Masters " begin at the earliest period of 
Irish history, about A.D. 1171, and end A.D. 1616, covering a pe- 
riod of 444 years. The ' 4 Annals " were published in Dublin by Bryan 
Geraghty in 1846. 

Examples of the translations by Owen Connellan and O 'Dono- 
van will be found among the work of these writers, also a trans- 
lation by O'Donovan from the " Annals." 



DIARMUD O'CURNAIN was born in Cork in 1740, and died in Mode- 
ligo, Waterford, in the first quarter of the present century. He 
was a tall, handsome farmer. He traveled to Cork to purchase 
wedding presents for his betrothed, but was met on his way home 
by the news that she had married a wealthy suitor. He flung 

4020 Irish Literature. 

all his presents into the fire, and from the shock lost his reason, 
which he never recovered. 

A translation of an Irish poem of his by Dr. Sigerson is given 
among the examples of the work of that gentleman. 


(1695 ? 1720 ?) 

JOHN O'NEACHTAN was still alive in 1715. He was a native 
of County Meath, but beyond this little is known about him. 
"He was," says Dr. Douglas Hyde in his " Literary History of 
Ireland," " one of the earliest writers of Jacobite poetry, and per- 
haps the most voluminous man of letters of his day among the 
native Irish. One of his early poems was written immediately after 
the battle of the Boyne, when the English soldiery stripped him of 
everything he possessed in the world, except one small Irish book. 
Between forty and fifty of his pieces are enumerated by O'Eeilly, and 
I have seen others in a manuscript in private hands. These in- 
cluded a poem in imitation of those called ' Ossianic,' of 1,296 lines, 
and a tale written about 1717 in imitation of the so-called Fenian 
tales, an amusing allegoric story called the 'Adventures of Ed- 
mund O'Clery,' and a curious but extravagant tale called the 
' Strong-armed Wrestler. 7 

4 ' Hardiman had in his possession a closely written Irish treatise by 
O'Neachtan of five hundred pages on general geography, contain- 
ing many interesting particulars concerning Ireland, and a volume 
of ' Annals of Ireland ' from 1167 to 1700. He also translated a great 
many church hymns, and, I believe, prose books from Latin. His 
elegy on Mary D'Este, widow of James II., is one of the most mu- 
sical pieces I have ever seen, even in Irish : 

" * SLOW cause of my fear 
NO pause to my tear, 
The brightest and whitest 
LOW lies on her bier. 

FAIR Islets of green, 
RARE sights to be seen, 
Both highlands and Islands 
THERE sigh for the Queen.' " 

A translation by Thomas Furlong of O'Neachtan's famous song 
" Maggy Laidir " is given with the examples of the writings of that 


' ' SIDE by side with the numerous prose sagas which fall under the 
title of 'Fenian,' " says Dr. Douglas Hyde in his " Literary His- 
tory of Ireland," " there exists an enormous mass of poems, chiefly 

Early Irish Authors. 4021 

narrative, of a minor epic type, or else semi-dramatic epopees, 
usually introduced by a dialogue between St. Patrick and the poet 
Ossian. Ossian * was the son of Finn mac Cumhail, vulgarly 
' Cool,' and he was fabled to have lived in Tir na n-6g, the country 
of the ever-young, the Irish Elysium, for three hundred years, thus 
surviving all his Fenian contemporaries and living to hold colloquy 
with St. Patrick. The so-called Ossianic poems are extraordinarily 
numerous, and were they all collected would probably (between 
those preserved in Scotch- Gaelic and in Irish) amount to some 80,000 
lines. . . . The most of them, in the form in which they have come 
down to us at the present day, seem to have been composed in rather 
loose metres . . . and they were even down to our fathers' time 
exceedingly popular, both in Ireland and in the Scotch Highlands, in 
which latter country Ian Campbell, the great folk-lorist, made the 
huge collection which he called Leabhar na Feinne, or the Book 
of the Fenians. 

' ' Some of the Ossianic poems relate the exploits of the Fenians ; 
others describe conflicts between members of that body and worms, 
wild beasts, and dragons ; others fights with monsters and with 
strangers come from across the sea ; others detail how Finn and his 
companions suffered from the enchantments of wizards and the 
efforts made to release them ; one enumerates the Fenians who fell at 
Cnoc-an-air; another gives the names of about three hundred of the 
Fenian hounds ; another gives Ossian's account of his three hundred 
years in the Land of the Young and his return ; many more consist 
largely of semi-humorous dialogues between the saint and the old 
warrior ; another is called Ossian's madness ; another is Ossian's 
account of the battle of Gabhra, which made an end of the Fenians, 
and so on. . . . 

' ' There is a considerable thread of narrative running through these 
poems and connecting them in a kind of series, so that several of 
them might be divided into the various books of a Gaelic epic of the 
Odyssic type, containing, instead of the wanderings and final res- 
toration of Ulysses, the adventures and final destruction of the 
Fenians, except that the books would be rather more disjointed. 
There is, moreover, splendid material for an ample epic in the divi- 
sion between the Fenians of Munster and Connacht and the gradual 
estrangement of the High King, leading up to the fatal battle of 
Gabhra ; but the material for this last exists chiefly in prose texts, 
not in the Ossianic lays. . . . 

" The Ossianic lays are almost the only narrative poems which ex- 
ist in the language, for although lyrical, elegiac, and didactic poetry 
abounds, the Irish never produced, except in the case of the Ossianic 
epopees, anything of importance in a narrative and ballad form, 
anything, for instance, of the nature of the glorious ballad poetry of 
the Scotch Lowlands. 

" The Ossianic meters, too, are the eminently epic ones of Ire- 
land. . . . 

" Of the authorship of the Ossianic poems nothing is known. In 
the Book of Leinster are three short pieces ascribed to Ossian 

1 In Irish Oisin, pronounced " Esheen," or "Ussheen." 

4022 Irish Literature. 

himself , and five to Finn, and other old MSS. contain poems ascribed 
to Caoilte, Ossian's companion and fellow survivor, and to Fergus, 
another son of Finn ; but of the great mass of the many thousand 
lines which we have in seventeenth and eighteenth century MSS. 
there is not much which is placed in Ossian's mouth as first hand, 
the pieces, as I have said, generally beginning with a dialogue, from 
which Ossian proceeds to recount his tale. But this dramatic form 
of the lay shows that no pretense was kept up of Ossian's being the 
singer of his own exploits. From the paucity of the pieces attributed 
to him in the oldest MSS. it is probable that the Gaelic race only 
gradually singled him out as their typical pagan poet, instead of 
Fergus or Caoilte or any other of his alleged contemporaries, just 
as they singled out his father Finn as the typical pagan leader of 
their race ; and it is likely that a large part of our Ossianic lay and 
literature is post-Danish, while the great mass of the Red Branch 
saga is in its birth many centuries anterior to the Norsemen's 


(1780? 1840?) 

THE story of the discovery of the writings of Raftery by Dr. 
Douglas Hyde and Lady Gregory is one of the most curious and 
interesting in the annals of literature. We have not space for it in 
detail ; in brief it was on this wise : Some time in the seventies Dr. 
Hyde heard an old man singing a song at the door of his cottage. The 
old man, at his request, taught Dr. Hyde the song and the latter 
went away. 

Twelve years after, when Dr. Hyde was working in the Royal 
Irish Academy, he came across some old manuscript containing a 
number of poems ascribed to a man named Raftery, and among them 
the very song that he had learned on that morning long ago. 

Seven years more elapsed, and Dr. Hyde one day met an old blind 
man begging. He gave him a penny, and passed on, when it 
suddenly occurred to him that he should have spoken to him in 
Irish. He did so and conversed with him for an hour. Among 
other things they talked about was Raftery, and Dr. Hyde learned 
much about the poet from the old man. 

This set him upon the track of the poet, and the final result was 
the recovery of most of his poems and considerable material for his 
biography, which would otherwise have been absolutely lost. Had 
it not been for the fact that the poems were so well known up and 
down the country, it would have been impossible to recover many 
of them. 

Raftery was born about 1780 or 1790 at Cilleaden, County Mayo, 
of very poor parents. He was early in life deprived of his sight by 
smallpox, so that he never had any better occupation by which to 
make a living than that of a fiddler. Though he was absolutely 
destitute and practically dependent upon alms, no poet of the people 

Early Irish Authors. 4023 

ever exercised so widespread an influence upon those among whom 
he lived. He was never taught either to read or to write ; he had no 
access to books of any kind, or any form of literature, except what 
he was able to pick up through his ears as he traveled from cottage 
to cottage, with his bag over his shoulder, picking up his day's 
meals as he went. 

Lady Gregory in her ' ' Poets and Dreamers " deals very fully with 
his work, and from the examples which she gives we are justified 
in claiming for this, the last of Irish bards, the name of an inspired 
one. It is said that he spent the last years of his life in making 
prayers and religious songs, of which Lady Gregory gives some 
interesting examples, and of which " The Confession," printed in the 
present volume, is typical. 

He died at an advanced age, about 1840, and is buried at Killeenan, 
County Mayo, where there is a stone over his grave, and where the 
people from all parts round about gather in August of every year to 
do honor to his memory. 



RICHARD STANIHURST was born in Dublin, and in his eighteenth 
year went to University College, Oxford. He studied law at Furni- 
val's Inn and Lincoln's Inn; and, returning to Ireland, married a 
daughter of Sir Charles Barnewell. About 1579 he took up his resi- 
dence in Leyden, entered holy orders, and became chaplain to 
Albert, Archduke of Austria and Governor of the Spanish Nether- 
lands. A great portion of his writings are in Latin. His first work, 
which was published in London in 1570, in folio, is entitled "Har- 
monia, seu catena dialectica Porphyrium," and is spoken of with 
particular praise by Edmund Campion, then a student at St. John's 
College, Oxford. His other works are " De rebus in Hibernia gestis " 
(Antwerp, 1584, 4to); " Descriptio Hiberniae," which is to be found 
in " Holinshed's Chronicle," of which it formed a part of the second 
volume; " De Vita S. Patricii " (Antwerp, 1587, 12mo) ; " Hebdomada 
Mariana" (Antwerp, 1609, 8vo) ; " Hebdomada Eucharistica " (Douay, 
1614, 8vo); " Brevis premonitio pro futura commentatione cum 
Jacobo Usserio" (Douay, 1615, 8vo) ; " The Principles of the Catholic 
Religion"; "The First Four Books of Virgil's ^Eneid in English 
Hexameters" (1583, small 8vo, black letter); with which are printed 
the four first Psalms, "certayne poetical conceites"in Latin and 
English, and some epitaphs. 


(About 1600 or 1610.) 

LITTLE is known of Owen Roe Mac an Bhaird, or Red Owen 
Ward, beyond the fact that he was the bard of the O'Donnells, and 

4024 Irish Literature. 

accompanied the princes of Tyrconnell and Tyrone when they fled 
from Ireland in 1607. In O'Reilly's " Irish Writers " the names of 
nine lengthy and still extant poems of his are given. The u Lament," 
translated by J. Clarence Mangan, will be found among that author's 
contributions to this work ; it is addressed to Nuala, sister of 
O'Donnell, the Prince of Tyrconnell, who died in Rome, and was 
interred in the same grave with O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone. Ward 
was the descendant of a long line of bards and poets of the same 



FATHER DINNEEN is a native of the district adjoining Killarney, 
in East Kerry, a district that has produced a crop of distinguished 
poets such as Egan O'Rahilly, Geoffrey O'Donoghue, Eoghan Ruadh 
O'Sullivan, Finneen O'Scannell. He drank in the traditional lore of 
this region during his boyhood, and always held the Irish language 
in special veneration. University and ecclesiastical studies, how- 
ever, engrossed the best years of his youth and early manhood, and 
it was only when the enemies of Ireland's honor came forward at 
the Intermediate Education Commission, held in Dublin a few years 
ago, and sought to vilify Irish literature, to show that whatever 
little of it survived was either "silly" or "indecent," that he set 
seriously to work to lay before the world the collected works of sev- 
eral modern Irish poets, including those named above. 

Besides collecting from manuscripts and editing for the first time 
the works of some six distinguished poets, Father Dinneen has in 
three or four years written several prose works in Irish, including 
an historical novel, ' ' Cormac Va Conaill," a description of Killarney, 
and several plays. He has also finished a dictionary of the modern 
Irish language, with explanations in English. He is perhaps the 
most earnest writer of the Gaelic movement, and his editiones prin- 
cipes of the Munster poets are of the greatest value. 


MR. JAMES J. DOYLE, the most unwearying worker and, with the 
single exception, perhaps, of Father O'Leary, the raciest writer of 
Irish dialogue living, was born at Cooleanig, Tuogh, County Kerry, 
forty-five years ago. The son of a well-connected, well-disposed, well- 
to-do farmer, he had the advantage of spending his boyhood in a sin- 
gularly bilingual atmosphere ; but it was only on leaving the local 
National school to enter the Revenue Service at the age of nineteen 
that he commenced to study the literature of his race. To Mr. David 
Connyn he attributes much of his earlier interest in Ireland's hal- 
lowed literature, an interest which has been steadily deepening for 
upwards of a quarter of a century. 

Owing to circumstances with which our readers are unhappily 
only too familiar, Mr. Doyle remained unknown as a writer until 
the Oireachtas of 1898. On this occasion, however, he leisurely 
carried off a prize for three humorous Irish stories, and again at the 


4026 Irish Literature. 

Oireachtas of 1900 he won the " Independent " prize for a story of 
modern Irish life. Still later, at the u FeisUladh," he received first 
prize fora paper on " Ulster Local Names." This latter is one of 
his pet subjects, and has constituted the theme of many a lecture 
delivered in the interest of the Gaelic League. 

Mr. Doyle also won first prize in the ' ' Irish Phrase-Book Compe- 
tition " at the recent Oireachtas, 1901, and though not a teacher 
was fourth in the competition (open to all Ireland) for Archbishop 
Walsh's prize of 25 ($125) for a bilingual school programme. 

In 1881 he married Miss Mary A. Joyce, sister to Dr. King Joyce, 
of Dublin. She, like her devoted husband, is also bilingual, and it 
is not to be wondered at that they are, as the Claidheamh is wont to 
say, " bringing up seven sturdy, enthusiastic young bilingualists." 

His numerous relatives and friends in the United States will share 
his own manifest gratification at the fact that his parents are still 
hale and hearty, and, as he himself is practically in the prime of 
life just now, there seems every hope that the readers of An Clai- 
dheamh and probably of other Irish journals will have access to 
his inimitable contributions for many a year to come. 

As in the case of several of the most active members of the Gaelic 
League, his position of Supervisor in the Inland Revenue does not 
prevent him from rendering very efficient, if undemonstrative, 
service to his country. He resides at present in Derry, and is pos- 
sibly the most energetic organizer in all Ulster. His assistance to 
Mr. Concannon has been simply invaluable. 

" Cathair Conroi," children's stories, won the first prize at 1902 

He was one of the original founders of the Society for the Preserva- 
tion of the Irish Language in 1876, and subsequently of the Gaelic 
Union, which founded the Gaelic Journal in 1882, and which might 
be said to have paved the way for the Gaelic League. 

Mr. Doyle is the author of the following books, published by the 
Gaelic League: " Beert Fhear o' n-Tuaith," or " Two Men from the 
Country," a series of snapshots of Irish rural life in the form of 
dialogue; " Taahg Gabha," " Tim the Smith," a racy story of Kerry 
life; "Cathair Conroi," and other stories suitable for children; an 
" Irish-English Phrase Book." 


Miss AGNES O'FARRELLY, or in Irish Una ni Thearghaille, comes 
from one of the oldest and most respected families in the County 
Cavan. She was born at Kiffenny House, East Bremii. She was the 
first lady candidate to take up Irish as subject for the M. A. exami- 
nation in the Royal University, which she passed with the highest 
honors. She has spent much time in the Arran Islands learning to 
speak the language colloquially, and in 1899 she attended a course of 
lectures in Old Irish by Monsieur de Jubainville in Paris at the 
College de France. She has been for years one of the most prom- 

Modern Irish Authors. 4027 

merit members of the Coisde Griotha, or Executive of the Gaelic 
League. She is chief examiner in Celtic to the Board of Inter- 
mediate Education. Her principal writings are a propagandist 
tract in English called "The Reign of Humbug," and two stories in 
Irish, one called " Gradh agus Cradh," the other an Arran story 
called ' ' The Cneamhaire, " from which we give an extract, and, lastly, 
the splendid "Life of Father O'Growney," which has just been pub- 
lished and which is full of interest and information about the rise 
of the Irish Revival. She has nearly completed the collecting and 
editing of the text of John O'Neachtan's poems, and the editing of a 
very difficult text from the library of the Franciscans, containing 
an account of the wanderings of O'Neill and O'Donnell in Spain. 
She is an indefatigable worker in the cause of Irish Ireland. 


THOMAS HAYES was born in Milt own Malbay on Nov. 2, 1866, 
where his father was a master cooper in comfortable circumstances. 

He was educated in the National school. Both his parents were 
very good Irish speakers, and his home language was Irish. His 
house was always a great rendezvous for the neighbors, who used 
to meet there to tell stories, and the boy with mouth, and eyes, and 
ears open drank in a great many of the local tales and legends. In- 
deed, the house during this period was more like a branch of the 
Gaelic League than anything else. 

His father was a member of the Fenian Brotherhood, and his 
mother was intensely Irish. 

In 1886 he was appointed as assistant teacher in Harold's Cross 
National School, Dublin. He went through a course in St. Pat- 
rick's Training College, Drumcondra, in 1891-92, and in 1895 was 
appointed principal of St. Gabriel's Boys' School, Aughrim Street. 

He is a good amateur musician, and carried off two first prizes at 
the R. I. A. M. School Choirs competitions in 1898 and 1901 ; the 
Oireachtas Gold Medal for singing, and also the prize for the best 
original air to " Caoinead An Guinn " at the Oireachtas, besides sev- 
eral second prizes at the R. I. A. M. Oireachtas and Leinster Feis. 

In 1893 he joined the Gaelic League, and was soon after co-opted 
on the Executive Committee, of which he has since remained a 
member. He threw himself enthusiastically into the work of the 
League, and devoted a considerable portion of his spare time for 
several years to teaching Irish and singing in different branches of 
the League. He was the first teacher in Ireland to apply the Tonic 
Sol-Fa system to the teaching of Irish songs. His first attempt at 
Irish prose composition was published in the Gaelic Journal in 
1894, and since then he has been in evidence more or less over his 
own name; but much of his work in Irish in the shape of articles, 
etc., has been unsigned. 

402S Irish Literature. 


PATRICK O'LEARY, like his friend, Donnchalh Pleinnionn of Cork, 
was one of the first martyrs of the Irish Revival. He died early, to 
the great loss of the movement, chiefly from overwork connected 
with it. His principal effort was the collection of Munster folk 
tales, called Sgeuliugheacht Chirige Mumham, chiefly -from his 
native place near Eyeries, in the extreme south of Ireland. He was 
the first to collect the folk tales of Munster, having been incited 
thereto, as he says in his preface, by the Connaught collections of the 
"Craoibhin." He published many excellent things in the Gaelic 
Journal, and possibly elsewhere. He was a complete master of the 
language, and if he had lived would have undoubtedly become one 
of our ablest writers. 


FATHER PETER O'LEARY was born in the year 1840, in the middle 
of a wild and mountainous district, about midway between Mill- 
street and Macroom, in the County Cork. Irish was at that time 
the language of that district. The people spoke scarcely any 
English. In that way it happened that Father O'Leary's child- 
hood and youth were impregnated with Irish. He was fortu- 
nate in another way also. His mother was a highly educated 
woman, as well as a very talented one. When she spoke English to her 
children it was the best and the most correct English, and when she 
spoke Irish to them it was the best and the purest and the most cor- 
rect Irish. His father had not received an English education, but 
the mastery which he had of the Irish language and the force and 
power with which he could use it were exceptional, even in a dis- 
trict where the language was, at that time, very copious and very 

It is not to be wondered at that a person whose childhood and 
early youth were passed in the midst of such opportunities should 
have now the knowledge of the Irish language which Father O'Leary 
has. During that childhood and early youth he often passed con- 
siderable periods of time without ever speaking an English word. 

The chief irirt of his English education was obtained at home from 
his mother. Having gone to a classical school in Macroom and 
learned some Latin and Greek, he went to the newly established 
College of St. Colman in Feraioy. Then he went on to Maynooth, 
and was ordained in 1867. 

He never thought there was the remotest danger of the death 
of the Irish language until he went into Maynooth. When he 
got among the students in Maynooth he was astonished to find 
that there were many of them who could not speak a word of Irish. 
Not only that, but that there were large districts of the country 
where no word of Irish was spoken, and that such districts were 
growing larger each year, while those districts where Irish was 

Modern Irish Authors. 4029 

spoken were growing each year smaller. It was easy to see where 
that would end, and that the end was not very far off. 

He then turned his attention to the study of Irish, determined to 
keep alive at least one man's share of the national speech. 

Having been ordained and sent on the mission, he made it a point 
to preach in Irish and to speak Irish to the people whenever arid 
wherever it was possible to do so. 

But the Irish-speaking districts continued to grow small, and the 
English-speaking districts continued to expand, and the case con- 
tinued to grow more and more hopeless every day and every hour. 

At last the Gaelic League made its appearance. The moment it 
did Father O'Leary went into the work, determined to do at least 
one man's share. He has continued to do so. 

Father Peter is the ' ' good old man " of the Munster Revival. His 
influence in that province is unbounded. Two of his plays, the 
" Ghost" and "Tadhg Saor," are constantly acted in Munster, and 
his writings, of which "Seadhna" is perhaps the best known, are 
acknowledged to be the most idiomatic of those of any Irish writer. 
He is very prolific, and every week sees something new from his 
pen, either in the Cork papers or in the Dublin Leader. He is one 
of the two vice-presidents of the Gaelic League. 

P. J. O'SHEA. 

MR. P. J. O'SHEA is a Kerry man, from the parish of An Team- 
pole Nuadh. He worked for many years as a Custom House officer 
in Belfast, and is at present in England. Over the signature of 
" Conan Maol," he has contributed an immense quantity of fine idio- 
matic Irish to the Claidheamh Solnis and other papers. He is of 
splendid physique and immense personal strength, and is descended 
from a race famous for their prowess and bravery in old times. His 
sketch of O'Neill in this library is a fair specimen of his style. 


After Joyce and ethers 


' . 




* r 



5 V 

^ - 



. J* -g 


A BOCHAL (A bhuachaill) Boy, my boy. 

ABOO, ABU ! To victory ! Hurrah ! 

A CHARA, A CHORRA- Friend, my friend. 

A COOLIN BAWN (a chuilin ban) her fair-colored flowing hair. 

ACUSHLA (a chuisle) vein ACUSHLA MA- 
CHREE Pulse of my heart. 


chuisle agus a stoir mo cJiroidhe) O pulse and treasure of my 

heart ! 

A CUSHLA GAL MO CHREE (a chuisle geol mo 
chroidhe) O bright pulse of my heart. 

AGRA, A.GRADH (a ghradh) Love, my love. 

A-HAGUR (a theagair) O dear friend I Comforter. 

AILEEN AROON (Eibhlin a ruin) Ellen, dear. 

ALANNA (a leinbh) child. 

ALAUN a lout. 

ALPEEN (alpin) a stick. 

AN CHAITEOG The Winnowing Sheet (name 

of Irish air). 

ANCHUIL-FHIONN (an chuileann) the white or fair-haired 


ANGASHORE (aindiseoir) a stingy person, a miser. 

AN SMACHTAOIN CRON , the copper-colored stick of 


AN SPAILPIN FANACH wandering laborer, a strapping 


A'RA GAL (a ghradh geal) O bright love ! 

ARGON (a ruin) O secret love ! beloved, sweet- 

ARRAH (ar* eadh) (literally, Was it?) Indeed ! 

ARTH-LOOGHRA (arc luachra or arc-sleibhe)..& lizard. 

ASTHORE (a stoir) Treasure. 

A-STOIR MO CHROIDHE (a stoir mo chroidlie). .Treasure of my heart. 

ASTOR GRA GEAL MACHREE (a stoir gradh 

geal mo chroidhe) Treasure, bright love of my 


A SUILISH MACHREE (a sholdis mo chroidhe) Light of my heart. 

A THAISGE Treasure, my darling, my com- 

AULAGONE (ullagon) . See HULLAGONE. 

Avic (a mhic) Son, my son. 

AVOURNEEN (a mhuirnin) Darling. 

BAITHERSHIN (b'fheidir sin) That is possible ! Likely, in- 
deed ! Perhaps. 

BALLYRAGGIN scolding, defaming. 

BAN-A-T'GEE (bean-an-tighe) woman of the house. 

BANSHEE (bean-sidhe) (literally, fairy- 
woman) the death-warning spirit of the 

old Irish families. 

4032 Irish Literature. 

BANSHEE (bean sidhe) fairy woman. 

BAUMASH, raimeis nonsense. 

BAWN (ban) fair, white, bright, a park. 

BAWN, BADHUN cattle-yard or cow-fortress. 

BEAL-AN-ATHA-BUID (beal an atha buidhe). Mouth of the Yellow Ford. 

BEAN AN FHIR RUAIDH the red-haired man's wife. 

BE ANN ACT DE LA T'ANAM (beanacht De le 

d'anam) The blessing of God on your 

soul ! 

BEAN SHEE (bean sidhe}. See BANSHEE, 

BEINNSIN LAUCHRA little bunch of rushes (Irish air). 

B'EDER SIN (B'fheidir sin). See BAITHERSHIN. 

BIREDH (baireadh) a cap. 

aire) flattering. 

BLASTHOGUE (blastog) persuasive speech, a sweet- 
mouthed woman. 

BOCCAGH (bacach) a cripple, a beggar. 

BOCCATY (bacaide) anything lame. 

BODACH (bodagh) a churl ; also a well-to-do man. 

BOLIAUN BWEE (buachallan bhuidhe) ragwort. 

BOLIAUN DHAS (buachallan deas) the ox-eye daisy. 

BOLLHOUS rumpus. 

BONNOCHT (buanadh) a billeted soldier. 

BOREEN (boithrin) , a little road, a lane (a diminu- 
tive of bothar, a road). 

BOSTHOON (bastamliaii) a blockhead ; also a stick made 

of rushes. 

BOTHERED (bodhar) deaf, bothered. 

BOUCHAL (buachaill) a boy. 

BOUCHELLEEN BAWN (buachaillln ban] white (haired) little boy. 

BREHONS (breitheamhain) the hereditary judges of the 

Irish Septs. 

BRIGHDIN BAN MO STORE (brighidin ban mo 

stor ) White (haired) Bridget, my 


BRISHE (brisheadh) breaking ; a battle. 

BROCHANS (brochan) gruel, porridge. 

BROGUE (brog) a shoe. 

BRUGAID (brughaidh) a keeper of a house of public 


BRUIGHEAN a fair mansion, a pavilion, a 


BRUSHNA (brosna) broken sticks for firewood. 

BUNNAUN (buinnean) a stick, a sapling. 

CA.ILIN DEAS a pretty girl. 


cruidhte na m-bo). ; the pretty milkmaid. 

CAILIN OG a young girl. 

CAILIN RUADH a red (haired) girl. 

CAIRDERGA (caoire dearga) a red berry, the rowan berry. 

CAISH (ceis) . . .a young female pig. 

CAISTLA-NA-KIRKA Castlekerke. 

CALLIAGH (cailleach) a hag, a witch. 

CANATS a term of supreme contempt. 

CANNAWAUN (ceanna-bhan) bog cotton. 

CAOCH blind, blind of one eye. 

CAOINE (caoineadh) a keen, a wail, a lament. 

Glossary. 4033 


CAPPAIN D'YARRAG (caipin dearg).. a red cap. 

CASADH AN TSUGAIN the twisting of the straw 

CAUBEEN (caibin) a hat, literally "little cap," 

the diminutive of caib, a 

cape, cope, or hood. 

CEAD MILE FAILTE A hundred thousand welcomes! 

CEANBHAN (ceanna-bhan) bog cotton. See Cannawaun. 

CEAN DUBH DEELISH (acheann dubh dhilis). . Faithful black head, dear dark- 
haired girl. 


CLEAVE (cliabli) a basket, a creel. 

CLOCHAUN (clochan) a stone-built cell, stepping- 

COATAMORE (cota mor) a great coat, an overcoat. 

CODHLADH AN TSIONNAIGH The Fox's Sleep (name of Irish 

air). Pretending death. 

COLLAUNEEN (coileainin) a little pup. 

COLLEAGH CUSHMOR (cailleach cos-mor) a big-footed hag. 

COLLEEN BAWN (cailin ban} a fair-haired girl. 

COLLEEN DHAS (cailin deas) pretty girl. 


cruidhte na m-bo) the pretty milkmaid. 

COLLEEN DHOWN a brown-haired girl. " Dhpwn " 

is the Munster pronunciation 

of donn, brown. 

COLLEEN RUE (cailin ruadh) a red-haired girl. 

COLLIOCH (cailleach) an old hag, a witch. 

COLLOGUE collogue, whispering ; probably 

from colloquy. 

COLLOGUIN talking together, colloquy. 

COLUIM CUIL (St. Columbcille) St. Columbia, of the cells. The 

dove of the cell. 

COMEDHER (comether) Come hither. 

CONN CEAD CATHA Conn of the hundred battles, 

King of Ireland in the second 

COOLIN (cuiliii) flowing tresses, or back hair. 

From cul, back. 

COOM (cum) hollow, valley. 


COULAAN (cuileann) a head of hair. 

CREEPIE .a three-legged stool, a form or 

CREEVEEN EEVEEN (Chraoibhin aoibhinn).. Delightful Little Branch. 

CROMMEAL (croimbheal) a mustache. 

CRONAN the bass in music, a deep note, 

a humming. 

CROOSHEENIN whispering. 

CROPPIES the democratic party alluding 

to their short hair, or round 


CROSSANS (crosan) gleeman, gleemen. 

CROUBS (crub) a paw, clumsy fingers. 

CRUACH a conical-topped mountain, a 


CRUACHAN NA FEINNE Croghan of the Fena of Erin. 

CRUADABHILL Dabhilla's rock, a lookout on 

the coast of Dublin. 

4034 Irish Literature. 

CRUISKEEN (cruiscin) a flask, a little jar, a cruet. 

CRUISTIN throwing. 

CRUIT a harp. 

CUBRETON (cu-Breatan) a man's name, the hero of 


CUR CODDOIGH . . .comfortable. 

CURP AN DUOUL (corp o'n diabhal) Body to the devil ! 

CUSHLA MACHREE (a chuisle mo chroidhe). .Pulse of my heart. 
CUSSAMUCK (cusamuc) leavings, rubbish, remains. 

DALTHEEN (dailtiri) a foster child ; also a puppy. 

DAR-A-CHREESTH (Dar Criost) By Christ 1 

DAUNY (dona) puny, weak. 

DAWNSHEE (from damhainsi) acuteness. 

DEESHY , small, delicate. 

DEOCH AN DORAIS the parting drink, the stirrup- 

DEOCH SHLAINTE AN RIOGH Health to the King ! 

DHUDEEN (duidiri) a short pipe, what the French 

call brule-gueule. 

DHURAGH (duthracht) a generous spirit, something 


DILSK, DULSE (duileasc) sea-grass, dulse. 

DINA MAGH (Daoine maithe) the good people, the fairies. 


DRAHERIN o MACHREE (Dreabhraithrin o! 
mo chroidhe) O little brother of my heart. 

DRIMIN DON DILIS (Dhruimeann donn dhi- 
leas) .... Dear brown cow. 

DRIMMIN (dhmimeanri) a white-backed cow. 

DRIMMIN DHU DHEELISH (literally, the dear 
cow with the white back, but used figur- 
atively in Ireland) name of a famous Irish air. 

dubh dhileas) white-back cow. 

DRINAWN DHUNN (droiglmean donn)l brown blackthorn. 

DROLEEN (dreoilin) the wren. 

DROOTH thirst (c/. " drought ") 


EIBHUL (uibeal) clew. 

ERENACH (airchinneach) a steward of church lands, a 


ERIC (eiric) a compensation or fine, a ran- 

geal go bratli) Erin, a bright health forever. 

FADH (fada) tall, long. 

FAG-A-BEALACH (Fag an Bealach) Clear the way ! Sometimes 

Faugh a Ballagh ! 

FAUGHED despised. 

FAYSH (feis) a festival. 

FEADAIM MA'S AIL LIOM I Can if I Please (name of Irish 


FEASCOR (feascar) evening. 

FEURGORTACH (fear gortacli) hungry-grass : a species of 

mountain grass, supposed to 

cause fainting if trod upon. 
FLAUGHOLOCH (ftaitheamhlach) princely, liberal. 

Glossary. 4035 

FOOSTHER fumbling. 

FOOTY small, mean, insignificant. 

FOSGAIL AN DORUS Open the Door (name of Irish 


FRECHANS (fraoclian) a mountain berry; huckle- 

FUILLELUAH (full a Hugh) an exclamation. 

FUIRSEOIR . . . . a juggler, buffoon. 

GAD withe, etc., for attaching cows. 


GARNAVILLA (Gardha an bhile) The Garden of the Tree ; a place 

near Caher. 

GARRAN MORE (gearran raor) Garran, a hack horse, a geld- 
ing ; more, " big." 

GARRON (gearan) hack or gelding, a horse. 

GEALL . . a pledge, a hostage. 

GEAN-CANACH a love talker ; a kind of fairy 

appearing in lonesome val- 

GEASA an obligation, vow, bond. 

GEERSHA (girseach) a little girl. 

GEOCACH. a gluttonous stroller. 

GlLLY (giolla) servant ; hence the names Gil- 

christ, Gilpatrick, Kilpatrick, 
Gilbride, Kilbride, etc. (Gi- 
olla-Chriosda, servant of 
Christ; giolla-Phaidrig, ser- 
vant of Patrick, etc.). 



tu mo mhuirnin slan) May you go safe, my darling ; 

i.e. Farewell. 

Go LEOR plenty, a sufficiency, enough. 

GOLLAM (Golamh) a name of Milesius, the Spanish 

progenitor of the Irish Mile- 

GOMERAL a fool, an oaf. 

GOMMOCH (gamach). a stupid fellow. 

GOMSH otherwise " gumption " sense, 

GORSOON, GOSSOON (garsun) a boy; an attendant^/. French 


GOSTHER (gastuir) prate, foolish talk. 

GOULOGUE (gabhalog) a forked stick. 

GRACIE OG MO CHROIDHE Young Gracie of nay heart. 

GRAH (gradh) love. 

GRAMACHREE (gradh mo chroidhe) Love of my heart. 

ASTHORE (gradh mo chroidhe mo cailin og, 
Molly a stoir) Love of my heart is my young 

girl, Molly, my treasure. 

chroidhe, etc.) Love of my heart my little jug. 

GRAWLS children. 

GREENAN (grianan) a summer house, a veranda, 

a sunny parlor. 

4036 Irish Literature. 

HULLAGONE ( Uaill a chari) an Irish wail, grief, woe. 

IAR CONNAUGHT Western Connaught. 

INAGH (An-eadh) Is it ? Indeed. 

INCH (inse) an island. 

IRISHIAN (English word) one skilled in 

the Irish language. 

JACKEEN a fop, a cad. a trickster. 

KATHALEEN BAWN (Caitlin ban) Fair-haired Kathleen. 

KEAD MILLE PAULTE (cead mile faille) A hundred thousand welcomes! 

KEEN. See CAOINE the death-cry or lament over 

the dead. 
KIERAWAUN ABOO Kirwan forever ! Hurrah for 

Kirwan ! 

KIMMEENS sly tricks. 

KINKORA (Cioiin Uoradh) " The Head of the "Weir," the 

royal residence of Brian Boru. 

KIPEEN (cipiri) a bit of a stick. 

KISH (ceis) a large wicker basket. 

KISHOGUE (cuiseog) a wisp of straw, a stem of corn, 

a blade of grass. 
KITCHEN anything eaten with food, a 


KITHOGUE (ciotog) the left hand. 

KNOCKAWN (cnocan) a hillock. 

KNOCK CUHTHE (cnoc coise) the mountain-like foot. 

LAN full. 

LANNA i.e. alanna, child (which see). 

LAUNAH WALLAH (Lan an Mhala) the full of the bag. 

LEANAN SIDHE Fairy sweetheart. 

LEIBHIONNA a platform or deck. 

LENAUN (leanan) a sweetheart, or a fairy lover. 

LEPRECHAUN a mischievous elf or fairy. 1 

LONNEYS ... expression of surprise. 

LULLALO (Liuigh liuigh leo) Scream, scream with them ! 

(Burthen-words in lullaby.) 
LUSMORES (lus mor) a foxglove, fairy-finger plant. 

MA BOUCHAL (Mo blmacliaill) My boy. 

MACHREE (mo chroidhe) My heart. 

MA COLLEEN DHAS CRUTHEEN NA MBHO " The Pretty Girl Milking her 

Cow," a famous Irish air. 

MAGHA BRAGH (amach go bragh) out for ever. 

MAHURP ON DUOUL (Mo cliorp on dedblial). .My body to the devil ! 

MALAVOGUE to trounce, to maul. 

MAVOURNEEN (Mo mlmirnin) My darling. 

MERIN (meiriri) a boundary, a mark. 

MILLE MURDHER (mile murder) A thousand murders ! 

MILLIA MURTHER A thousand murders (a com- 
mon ejaculation). 

Mo BHRON My sorrow. 

Mo BHUAICHAILIN BUIDHE My yellow-haired little boy. 

Mo BOUCHAL (Mo bhuachaill) My boy. 

Mo CRAOIBHAN CNO (Mo chraoibhin cno) . . . My little branch of nuts. 

1 The popular idea in Ireland is that if you catch one working at his usual occupation 
(behind a hedge) of shoemaking, and do not take your eyes off him, which he endeavors 
to induce his captor by various ruses to do, he will discover where treasure is hidden. 

Glossary. 4037 


Mo CROIDHE (Mo chroidhe) My heart. 

MOIDHERED same as " bothered." 

Mo LEUN (Mo lean) My sorrow. 

Mo MHUIRNIN My darling. 

MONADAUN (monadan) a bog berry. 

MONONIA (MUNSTER) Latinized form of Irish Mum- 

han, "pronounced " Moo-an." 
MOREEN (morrin) the diminutive of Moi\ a 

woman's name, now obsolete. 


MORYAH (mar 'dli eadh) but for. 

MOY MELL ( Magh meall) The Plain of Knolls a druidic 



MUSHA (Ma is eadh) well (in such phrases as "Well, 

how are you?" "Well, how 

are all?") Also, If it is! Well 

indeed ! 

NACH MBAINEANN SIN DO (him) whom that does not con- 
cern (Irish air). 

NEIL DHUV (Niall Dubh) black-haired Neil. 

NHARROUGH (narrach) cross, ill-tempered. 

NIGI (naoi) nine. 

Ni MHEALLPAR ME ARIS I shall not be deceived again. 

NORA CREINA (Nora chriona) Wise Norah (an Irish air). 

OCH HONE exclamation expressing grief. 

OCHONE MACHREE (Ochon mo chroidlie) . . . .Alas, my heart ! 
OGE (ogr) young. 


ghradh thu I Mo ghraidhin croidhe tliu /.O my love thou art ! My heart's 

loving pity thou art ! 

OLLAVES (ollamli) a doctor of learning, professor. 

OMADHAUN (amadan) a fool, a simpleton. 

ORO an exclamation. 

OWNA BWEE (Amain bhuidhe) Yellow river. 

OWNY NA COPPAL (Eoghan na capall) Owen of the horses. 

PADHEREENS (paidrin, from paidlr, the 

pater) the Rosary beads. 

PASTHEEN FINN (paistin fionn) little fair-haired child. 

PATTERN (English word) a gathering at 

a saint's shrine, well, etc. ; 

festival of a patron saint. 

PAUGH flutter, panting. 

PEARLA AN BHROLLAIGH BHAIN Pearl of White Breast (Irish air). 

PHAIDRIG NA PIB (Padraig na bpiop) Patrick of the pipes; Paddy 

the piper. 
PHILLALEW (full el-luadh) a ruction, hullabaloo. 


PINKEEN (pincin) . . a very small fish, a stickleback. 

PLANXTY (plaingstigh) Irish dance measure. 

POGUE (pog) a kiss. 

POLSHEE diminutive of Polly. 

POLTHOGE (palltog) a thump or blow. 

POREENS (poirin, a small stone) small, applied to small pota- 

4038 Irish Literature. 

POTEEN (poitin) (literally, a little pot) a still ; 

hence illicit whisky. 

RANN a verse, a saying, a rhyme. 

EATH a circular earthen mound or 

fort, very common in Ire- 
land, and popularly believed 
to be inhabited by "fairies. 

REE SHAMUS (Righ Seamus) King James. 

RHUA (ruadh) red or red-haired. 

ROISIN DUBH Black Little Rose. 

ROSE GALB (Roise Geal) Fair Rose. 

RORY OGE (Ruaidhri og) young Rory. 

SALACHS (salach) dirty, untidy people. 

SALLIES (saileog) a willow, willows. 

SAVOURNEENDHEELiSH('Sa?/i/i7/t>ttmd/ii7is)And my faithful darling. 

SCALPEEN (from scalp) a fissure, a cleft. 

SCUT (scud) a thing of little worth. 

SEAN VON VOCHT (seem bhean bhocht) poor old woman. 

SHAMOUS (Seamus) James. 

SHAN DHU dark John. 

SHAN MORE big John. 

SHANE RUADH red-haired John. 

SHAN VAN VOGH (an Tsean Bhean Bhocht) Poor Old Woman. 

SHAROOSE (Searbhas) bitterness. 

SHEBEEN (sibin) a place for sale of liquor, gen- 
erally illicit. 

SHEEIN young pollack, or of any fish. 

SHEELAH (Sighle) Celia. 

SHEE MOLLY MO STORE (Si Molly mo stor) . . It 's Molly is my treasure. 

SHEILA NI GARA (Sighle ni Ghadhra) Celia O'Gara (an allegorical 

name of Ireland). 

SHEMUS RUA (Seamus Ruadh) red (haired) James. 

SHILLALY, SHILLELAH an oak stick, a cudgel. From 

the wood of Shillelagh in 
County Wicklow. 

SHILLOO a shout. 

SHOHEEN HO, SHOHEEN SHO (Seoithin seoidh) Burthen words of lullaby. 


SHOOLING strolling, wandering. From the 

word siubhal, tramping. 

SHOUGH (seach) a turn, a blast or draw of a 


SHUGUDHEIN ('Seadh go deimhin) Yes, indeed ! 

SHULE AGRA (Siubhail a ghradh) Walk, love ; i.e. Come, my love. 

SHULERS (siubhaloir, a walker) tramps. 

Sios AGUS sios LIOM Up with me and down with me. 

SLAINTE GEAL, MAVOURNEEN Bright health, my darling. 

SLAINTE GO BRAGH (Slainte go bhrath) Health forever ! 

SLAN LEAT ! Adieu ! Farewell ! 

SLEEVEEN a sly, cunning fellow. From 

sliobh, sly. 

SLEWSTHERING flattering. 

SLIABH NA M-BAN The Mountain of the Women. 

SMADDHER to break. From smiot, a frag- 

SMIDDHEREENS small fragments. Probably 

from smiot, as above. 

Glossary. 4039 

SMULLUCK (smullog) a fillip. 

SOGGARTH AROON (Shagairt a ruin} Dear Priest ! 

SONSY happy, pleasant. Probably 

from Senas, happiness. 

SOOTHER to wheedle. From the English. 

SOWKTNS soul. 

SPAEMAN fortune-teller. 

SPALPEEN (spailpin) a common laborer ; also a con- 
ceited fellow with nothing 
in him. 

SPARTH (spairt) wet turf. 

SPIDHOGUE (spideog) a puny thing or person. 

SPRAHAUNS (spreasan) an insignificant fellow. 

STHREEL (straoileadh) a slut, a sloven. 

STOOKAWN (stuacan) a lazy, idle fellow. 

STRAVAIGING rambling. 

STRONSHUCK (stroinse) a big lazy woman. 

SUANTRAIGHE a sleeping or cradle song. 

SUGGAWN (tsugari) a rope of hay or straw. 

TARBH bull. 

TH' ANAM AN DHIA (D'anam do Dhia) My soul to God ! 

THE CRUISKEEN LAWN (Cruisgin Ian] Full little flask or jar. 

THRANEEN, TRANEEN (traithnin) a little ; a trifle ; a stem of grass. 

THUCKEENS (tuicin) an ill-mannered little girl. 

TILLOCH (tulach) small plot of land, a hillock. 

TIR FA TONN (Tirfa Tonn) Land under the wave Hol- 

TIR-NA-MBOO (Tir na m-beo) Land of the live (beings). 

TIRNANOGE (Tir nan og) Land of the young. 

TRUMAUNS (troman) a reel on a spindle. " 

TUG the middleband of a flail. 

UCHLUAIM the breast or front hem of a 


USHA. See MUSH A (mhuise). 

Vo Alas ! Oine, ay de mi ! 

WEENOCK ('mhaoineach) O treasure. 

WEESHEE (weeshy) little. From wee. 


WHAT Hollg is ON YOU ? What are you about ? 

WIRRASTHRUE (O Mhuire is truagli) O Mary, it is sad ! (an ejacula- 
tion to the Virgin). 

WIRRASTRUE ('Mhuire is truagh) Mary ! 't is a pity ! 


WOMMASIN strolling. 

WURRA (A Mhuire) O Mary ! (i.e. the Blessed Vir- 

YEOS (English word) yeomen. 


THIS consists of an Index of Authors, books quoted from, titles of stories, essays, 
poems, subjects dealt with, of which the library consists, and first lines of the poetry. 
And these are each indicated by different kinds of type as set forth below. 

As ' IRISH LITERATURE ' touches upon Irish life at every point, the index has 
been made as full as practicable without overweighting it, and the entries are cross- 
referenced as fully as may be needed by those interested in any phase of it. 

As the arrangement of the library is according to the authors' names, and as the 
biographies contain a full bibliography of each author, we have not indexed the whole 
of their works, but only those represented in ' IRISH LITERATURE.' 


Author's name ALLINGHAM, WILLIAM. 

Title of story, essay, poem, etc. Adieu. 

Source of story, essay, poem, etc. ' Father Connell.' 

First line of poetry Am I the slave they say ? 

First line and title of poem the same ' Four Ducks on a Farm.* 

Subject Agriculture. 



A babe was sleeping. . .LOVER 6 2086 

A cabin on the moun- 
tain-side RUSSELL . . 8 3001 

'A constant tree is the 
yew to me' (Irish 

Rann) 1O 3837 

A Cushla Gal Mo Chree 

(half-tone engraving). DOHENY ... 3 864 
A land of youth, a land 

of rest JOYCE 5 1734 

A laughter in the dia- 
mond air RUSSELL . . 8 2996 

A little lonely moorland 

lake KAVANAGH . 5 1753 

A little sun, a little 

rain BROOKE ... 1 299 

A. man there was near 

Ballymooney LE FAND... 5 1935 

A man without learn- 
ing, and wearing fine 

clothes 4 1467 

! A " million a decade I "WILDE .... 9 3570 

i A moment gone O'DONNELL. 7 26S8 

I A Pity beyond all YEATS 9 3704 

j A poor old cottage O'LEARY . . .7 2797 

i A soldier of the Legion. NORTON ... 7 2586 
i A sore disease this 

scribbling itch is 4 1263 

! A spirit sneeding down. SHORTER . . 8 3128 
| A. Stor, Gra Geal Mo- 

chree MACMANUS . 6 2263 


A voice of the winds. .JOHNSON .. 5 1698 

A whisper of spring's in 

x the air WYNNE .... 9 3649 

A Wood, Anthony, the 

historian 7 2570 

Thomas, at Drog- 

heda 7 2570 

Abbacy of lona, The 4 1618 

Abbey Asaroe ALLINGHAM. 1 13 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph 6 2166 

Abhrain an Bhuitieil. . .LE PANU. . .5 1946 

Aboard the Sea Swal- 
low DOWDEN ... 3 876 

Absentee, The, M. F. 
Egan on 5 x 

Absenteeism 9 33G4 

Harshness of the 

land-agent 1 87, 98 

in the XVIII. Cen- 
tury 5 1917 

Rack-renters on the 

Stump 9 3333 

Scene in the Irish 

Famine 4 1575 

Absolute, Sir Anthony 
(character in ' The 
Rivals ' ) 8 3079 

Academy, The English. .BANIM .... 1 60 

Acres, Bob (character 

in 'The Rivals') 8 3088 

Acropolis of Athens and 

the Rock of Cashel. ..MAHAFPY .. 6 2334 

Across the Sea ALLINGHAM. 1 14 



Irish Literature. 


'Actceon/ From WILEINS . . 9 3604 

Act of Union (see also 

Union, The) 6 2109 

Actor and Gleeman 9 3686 

Actress (see Bellamy) 5 1919 

Addison on ladies' head- 
dress 9 3497 

Address of a Drunkard 
to a Bottle of Whis- 

jcy LE FANU. . . 5 1946 

Address to the British 

Association KELVIN ... 51784 

Adieu ARMSTRONG. 1 25 

Adjectives, copious use 

of, by Irish 2 xiii 

Adown the leafy lane .. MAC ALEESE 6 2111 
Adam, Maitre, Father 

Prout on 6 2339 

Adamnan and F i n - 

nachta 7 2707 

See Death of St. 

Columcille 4 618 

Adventure. See 
Travel, etc. 

-in Slievenamon. . .BANIM 1 46 

Advice to the Ladies. . .GOLDSMITH. 4 1322 
Advocate's Library, 'Ed- 
inburgh, Irish manu- 
scripts in 7 2673 

Aedh Guaire and Ruad- 

han 72762 

mac Ainmireach 4 1622, 1625 

Menu, Prince of 

Leinster 7 2711 

Aedhan. the leper of 

Cliuam-Dobhain 7 2710 

JEgeria, A Modern ....CAMPBELL . 2 448 

Ae'ngus, Calendar of 8 3141 

Festology of 7 2673 

Affair of Honor, An . . . CASTLE .... 2 576 
Affliction, Blessings O/..KIRWAN ... 5 1844 

Africa, Dress in 2 418 

African Queen BUTLER ... 2 418 

After Aughrim GEOGHEGAN. 4 1254 

the Battle MOORE 7 2536 

the Fianna. From 

the Irish of 


Age of a Dream JOHNSON . . 5 1699 

ancient Irish rec- 
ords 2 viii, x 

Aghahoe, Ruins of 8 3020 

Aghadoe TODHUNTER. 9 3410 

Agrarian Movement, 

Poets of the 3 xii 

Oppression 1 348 

Agricultural Organiza- 
tion Society (I. A. O. 

S.), "A. E." and the 8 2989 

Agriculture and Tech- 
nical Instruction, De- 
partment of 8 2908 

Agriculture in Ire- 
land 4 1467, 1574; 9 3362 

Castle Rackrent 3 995 

Rival Swains, The 1 361 

Success dependent 

on fixity of ten- 
ure 2 425 

We'll See About It 4 1534 

Ah, huntsman dear ...GRIFFIN ... 4 1491 

Ah Man MAC FALL. . 6 2206 

Ah, see the fair chivalry 

come JOHNSON . . 5 1701 

Ah, sweet Kitty Neal.. WALLER ... 9 3500 


, . 5 1772 
. 9 360T/ 
. 7 2616 

"Ah then ; who is that 

there talkin' ?" KEELING 

Aherlow, Battle of 


The Glen of. See 

Patrick Sheehan. 
Aid Finlaith, King of 

Ireland 72718 

Aidne 4 145 C 

Alleach (mountain). Bee 


Aileel Mor, King of Con- 
naught 7 2747 

Aileen BANIM .... 1 57 

Ailill'8 Death, King ...STOKES ... 8 3261 i 

Aillen 4 1452 

Aim of the Society of 

United Irishmen 6 2163 

Air, The Host of the. .YEATS 9 370l| 

Aix-la-Chapelle, Treaty 

of 3 1220 

Akim-Foo ' BUTLER ... 2 418 1 

'Alas for the man who 

is weak in friends ' 

(Irish Rann) 1O 3839 

'Alas for who plough 

icitho ut seeds ' 

(Irish Rann) 1O 3839 

Alas ! how dismal is my 

tale O'KEEFFE .. 7 27791 

Alas, poor Yorick 8 3220 i 

Albion SHEEHAN .. 83044) 

Albuera, Irish soldiers 

at 8 3063! 

'Alciphron, or the Mi- 
nute Philosopher' ..BERKELEY . 1 1751 

Alder Gulch, Nevada, 

Earl of Dunraven at 3 964 1 

A Id f rid' s Itinerary MANGAN ... C 2375 




Alexander the Great 7 

Aline" who bound the 

Chief of Spears 7 2593 

Alison, Sir A., on E. 


All day in exquisite air. TYNAN- 


All hail ! Holy Mary. . .KEEGAN . . 
All human things are 

subject to decay .... DRYDEN . . 
All in the April evening. TYTNAN- 

All natural things in 

balance lie O'DONNELL 

All Souls Eve SHORTER 



1 3691 

9 3457J 
5 1765 i 

3 1208 
9 3454 i 

7 2084' 

8 .",129 

Night7beliefs about. . 8 3128 

All the heavy days are 

over YEATS 9 3706' 

"All the Talents, The 

Ministry of " BARRETT ... 1 119 

All ye who love the 

springtime BLAKE 1 189 

Allegory, An HYDE 1O 3879 


Allen and the insurrec- 
tion of Tyrone 

and Desmond 7 2852 

The Hill of 7 2709, 2711: 

of the mighty 

deeds, Oisin at 5 1722 

.William O'Meara, 

The Manchester 

Martyr 7 2008; 9 3339 

General Index. 




W. B. Yeats on 3 

Alliteration in Irish lit- 
erature 2 

in Irish verse 4 

Almhain, Battle of O'DONOVAN. 7 

Almhuin of Leinster 4 

Alpine solitudes 4 

'Alps, Hours of Exer- 
cise in the ' TYNDALL . . 9 

'Am I remembered f ' . . .M'GEE .... 6 
Am I the slave they 

say ? BANIM .... 1 

Amazing Ending of a 

Charade CEOMMELIN. 2 

Ambition, Swift on 9 

of the Irish PatriotPniLLiPS .. 8 
'Amboyna, The Relation 

of 6 

America, A Farewell to.WiLDE .... 9 

Abp. Ireland on 5 

and Ireland 9 

Education in 1 

Goldsmith on 4 

O n Conciliation* 

with BURKE , 

On the Prospect of 

Planting Arts 

and Learning in. BERKELEY . 1 

The Irish in MAGDIRE . . 6 

O'BRIEN ... 7 

Dr. Sigerson 

on 4 

. See Red- 

m on d on 

Home Rule 8 







1 376 




the land of liberty ........... 5 

The Song of the 
Irish Emigrant inFiTZSi'M.O'N. . 3 1206 




















American and Irish rev- 
olutionists com- 

pared .................... 6 

- characteristics .............. 1 

- civil war, Arch- 

bishop Ireland in 

the ....................... 5 

' - Commonwea 1th, 

The' .......... BRYCE. 1 331, 

faith in Democracy ........... 1 

- humor ..................... 1 

Revolution ................. 6 

- Effect of, on Ire- 

land .................... 9 

- Grattan on the ........... 4 

Stamp-Act ................. 4 

Taxation, Speech onBuRKE .... 1 
Americans a religious 

people .................... 1 

- a good-natured peo- 

ple ....................... 1 

Among the Heather . . .ALLINGHAM. 1 

- the reeds, round 

waters blue . . . .MILLIGAN. .. 6 

Amor Intellectualis ...WILDE .... 9 

Amoret .............. CONGREVE... 2 

Amusements at a coun- 

try dance ................. 2 

- of the Ancient Irish ..... 1 35 ; 5 

of the People ____ O'BRIEN ... 7 

A nation once again ............. 1 

A Nation once again. .DAVIS ..... 3 

'An Cneamhaire-" ...... O'FARRELLY.IO 

An Craoibhin Aoibhin. .See D. HYDE. 
An GiobUchan ' ...... HAYES .... 10 


An old castle towers 

o'er the billow JOYCE 5 1743 

An' the thought of us 

each BARLOW ... 1 14 

'Anacreon Moore ' . . See T. MOORE. 

Anamoe 1 25 

.1 narchists, Meeting of. BARRY 1 156 

Anchor, Forging of Me.FERGUSON . . 3 1174 
Ancient Celtic Litera- 
ture, Translators 

of 2 xviii 

' Erinn, Manners 

and Customs of '.O'CURRY ... 7 2666 

funeral customs 2 724 

Greece, Childhood 

in MAHAFFY . . 2328 

houses in Ireland 4 1613 

Ireland, Food, 

Dress and Daily 

Life in JOYCE 5 1735 

Irish, The 9 3391 

Irish, Amusements 

of the 1 

Irish, Buildings of 4 



Irish^ Dress of the. WALKER ... 9 3493 

Irish Ecclesiastical 

Remains PETRIE .... 8 2880 

Irish, Language ofWARE 9 3544 

Irish legends, ethi- 
cal contents of 8 2973 

Irish literature, 

value of 4 xt 

Irish, manners and 

customs of the 2 629 

Irish manuscripts 1 32 

2 xx, 629, 632, 635; 4 1459, 1598, 
1600, 1601, 1608, 1612, 1613, 1618, 
1622, 1625, 1631 ; 5 1724, 1731, 1737 ; 
6 2232, 2353, 2377: 7 2615, 2663, 
2664, 2668, 2669, 2671, 2672. ?673, 
2705, 2709, 2766; 8 2879, 2884\ 2975, 
3139, 3144, 3246; 9 3494 

Irish Surnames . .WARE 9 3546 

' Legends of Ire- 
land ' WILDE 5 3557 

3558, 3561, 3566 

' Music of Ireland '.BUNTING . . 6 2230 

Ancients, Colloquy of 

the 8 2968 

And as not only by the 

Calton Mountain . . .MACCARTHY. 6 2131 
'And doth not a meeting 

like this ' MOORE 8 2524 

'And must we partf ' . .CALLANAN . 2 445 

Andromeda ROCHE .... 8 2965 

Anecdote of O'Curry 

and Tom Moore 7 2663 


of Burke 1 396 

of Curran 2 798 

of Father O'Leary 7 2793 

of Keogh, the Irish 

Massillon FITZPATRICK 3 1199 

of Macklin 6 2241 

of O'Connell 7 2651 

of O'Keeffe 7 2771 

of Sheridan 8 3119 

of Sterne 8 3227 

NOTE. See ' The Sunniness of Irish Life.' 
The biographies of the authors whose works 
are given furnish a rich source of this ma- 
terial as do also the reminiscences and 
memoirs given in ' IRISH LITERATURE.' 

Angel's Whisper, The.. LOVER 6 2086 

Anglo-Irish Literature, 

Humor in 6 xii, xiii 


Irish Literature. 


Anglo-Irish Problem, the.DA.viTT! 3 832 

Anglo-Norman Nobles 7 2670 

Anglo-Saxon and Irish 

contrasted 2 xiv 

literature never en- 
tirely absorbed 
Irish national 

genius 1 

Angus 8 2990 

Angus, the Culdee, on 

learning in Ireland 2 vii 

Animals in Irish Sagas 2 xvii 

Superstitions about 9 3678 

Anluan mac Magach 4 1618 

'Annals of Ireland '. . . .O'DoNOVAN. . 7 2706 

2708, 2709 

The Irish, prove 

their own an- 
tiquity 2 ix 

of the Four Mas- 
ters. (See also 

M. O'CLERY.) 2 629 

632, 635 ; 6 2232, 2353, 2577 ; 7 2663 
2674, 2705; 1O 4018 
Anne, Queen, dress in 

the time of 9 3497 

period in English 

literature 1 ix 

Anonymous Verse. 
See Street Songs, Bal- 
lads, etc. 

Anonymous Verse, 
Street Songs, Ballads 

and HAND 8 3265 

'Antigone, The New '. . .BARRY 1 156 

'Antiquities, Handbook 

of Irish ' WAKEMAN 

and COOKE. 9 3482 

Church Ruins, Holy 

Island (half-tone 

engraving) 6 2130 

Antiquity of Gaelic 
Literature, Prof. 

Morley on 4 V ii 

of Ireland 1 399 

of Irish Annals 

proved 2 ix 

of Irish language 2 vii 

of Irish literature 3 xvii 

of Irish wit and 

humor 6 vii 

Antium, Nero at 2 739 

Antrim 9 3428 

Lord : origin of 

bloody hand in 

his coat-of-arms 7 2856 

Mountains of 6 2275 

Remains of coal- 
mining on the 

coast of 6 2279 

Round Towers at 6 2277, 3491 

Anuaill 2 

Aoife '4 

Only Son o 



Aongus Ceile 

Apologia ..WILDE* .... 9 3592 

Apostle of Temperance 

in Dublin MATHEW ... 6 2397 

Apparitions (see also 

Ghosts) 2 556 

Appius 5 1847 

Arabian Nights, The, 

Burton on 2 404 

Arab's FarcwcH to His 

Steed, The NORTON ... 7 2584 

Arbor Hill, Lines on the 

Burying Ground of. ..EMMET 3 1094 

Archer (character in 
'The Beaux' 
Stratagem ') 3 1165 

Sanders, and Allen 

planning the in- 
surrection of Ty- 
rone and Des- 
mond 7 2852 

Architecture, arch- 
aeology, etc. 

Splendors of Tara, 

The HYDE 4 1610 1 

Ancient Irish Ec- 
clesiastical Re- 
mains PETRIE 8 2880 

Northmen in Ire- 
land, The STOKES 8 3239 

Forts, Crosses, and 

Round Toivers . . WAKEMAN 

and COOKE. 9 3482 

in Ireland 8 3238 ; 9 3484 

' Early Christian'. STOKES 8 3238 

Arcomin, The plain of 5 1733 

'Arctic Hero, Death of 
* n ' ALEXANDER .1 10 I 

Arderry. The Barony of... . 4 151 

Ardes, The . 6 221 

Ard-Fileas 4 i5< 

Ardigna Bay 6 22' 

Ardmore, Round Towers 

. at 9 34< 

Ardnalee (scene of 

poem) 5 18( 

Ardrahan, Normans at 3 

Ardrossan 2 641 

Ardtenent Castle 7 2J 

Argonautic expedition, 

Irish version of 7 267J 

Arklow, Beautiful sce- 
nery near 7 253* 

Armagh, Aldf rid in 6 23 1 

Canon of, Cathald 

Maguire, cited 7 271* 

watered by Lough 

Neagh 6 2271 

'Armonica,' Benjamin 

Franklin's invention 7 2692, 271 



G. F. S. See Sav- 

Army and Navy Mutiny 

Bills 6 217? 

Irish soldiers in 

the English 8 

See Inniscarra ...BUCKLEY .. 1 

See Saxon Shilling, 

The BUGGY 1 

Arnold, M., on Celtic 

melancholy 3 viii ; 9 33( 

on Celtic style 2 

Arraglvn, Kate of LANE . . 5 18( 

Arrah I Bridgid Mac 

Sheeny HOGAN 4 1594 

Arran, Earl of, a 

Monk of the Screw .2 797 


and Architecture in 

Ireland 9 3484 

and learning Dis- 

semination o f 

Irish 4 1599 

Egyptian Art. .. .WISEMAN .. 9 3630 

General Index. 




Ireland and the 

Arts YEATS 9 3661 

Leonardo's ' Mon- 

na Lisa' DOWDEN ... 3 877 

Life, Art, and Na- 
ture WILDE .... 9 3578 

of acting, The 7 2473 

of Pleasing STEELB 8 3206 

' of Thomas Hardy, 

The' JOHNSON .. 5 1694 

Art's Lough GREENE ... 4 1423 

Arts and Learning in 

America BERKELEY.. 1 180 

. Ireland and the. .YEATS 9 3661 

Aryan race, Celtic a 

branch of the 3 xvii 

As beautiful Kitty SHANLY ... 8 3032 

As chimes that flow. . .SIGERSON .. 8 3138 

As down by Banna's 
banks OGLE 7 2734 

As flow the rivers RUSSELL . . 8 3002 

As from the sultry townlRWiN 5 1675 

As I roved out at Faha. STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3299 

one summer's 

morning . . . STREET BAL- 

. 9 


As once our Saviour and 

Saint Peter HYDE 

As Rochefoucault h i s 

maxims drew SWIFT 

As the breath of the 

musk-rose PARNELL . . 7 

Asaroe, Ab~bey ALLINGHAM. 1 

Ashanee 6 

Ashburnham, Lord, 
owner of Stowe Col- 
lection of Irish manu- 
scripts 7 

Ass, The, and the 

Orangeman's daughter 8 

Assaroe <> 

Assaye, Irish soldiers at 8 

Assonant rhyme, Mr. 

Guest on 4 

Aston, Sir Arthur, 

Killed at Drogheda 7 

Astronomical proof of 
antiquity of Irish an- 
nals 2 


Distance of the 

Stars, The BALL 1 

Venus, Hesperus 

and Phosphor ..CLARKE ... 2 

What the Stars are 

Made of BALL 1 

At early dawn I once 

had been WALSH 9 

At FredericJcsburg, Dec. 

13, 1862 O'REILLY . . 7 

I At Sea ROCHE .... 8 

| At Tarah to-day in this 

awful hour MANGAN ... 6 

| At the dance in the vil- 
lage WALSH ... 9 

'At the mid-hour of 

night ' MOORE .... 7 

Athboy in Meath 5 

I Athenry, The plains at 3 

i Athens and the Rock of 

Cashel MAHAFFY . . 6 

i Athlone, Battle of 9 

Athnowen, Scenery 

around 1 





















Ath-Seanaigh (Bally- 
shannon ) 2 639 

Athy, Father Lalor of, 

and Father Keogh 4 1200 

Athy, Prior at, Richard 
Oveton, Killed at 
Drogheda 7 2573 


Atlantis, The Island of.CROLY 2 749 

Auctioning Off One's 

Relatives SHERIDAN . 8 3105 

Aughrim, After GEOGHEGAN. 4 1254 

Battle of 3 829; 7 2820; 9 ix 

Limerick, and the 

Boyne, Old sold- 
iers of 3 057 

August Weather TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3458 

Auld Ireland O'KEEFFE .. 7 2771 

Australia, In Exile in, .ORR 7 2837 

Autobiography of Wolfe 

Tone 9 3414 

of Wolfe Tone, New 

edition, ed. by O'BRIEN ... 7 2604 

of Wolfe Tone, TheToNE 9 3421 

Autochthonous litera- 
ture of Ireland repre- 
sented in ' IRISH LIT- 
ERATURE ' 2 vii 

Ave Imperatrix WILDE .... 9 3588 

Avoca, the Vale of 

(half-tone engraving) MOORE .... 7 2532 

'Avoid all Stewardships 
of Church or Kill' 
(Irish Rann) 1O 3833 

Avon, The (river) 7 2532 

Avon-bwee 4 1255 

Avondale, Parnell at 7 2610 

Avonmore, Lord, a 
Monk of the 
Screw 2 787 

an d Father 

O'Leary 7 2794 

Azarias, Brother . . . SeeP. F. MULLANEY. 

Bacchanalian Songs. 

See also Conviviality 6 x, xl 

Backbite, Sir Benjamin 
(character in ' School 
for Scandal ') 8 3099 

Back Stairs to Dublin 

Castle 3 889 

Bacon, Macaulay and. .MITCHEL .. 6 2444 

Macaulay on 2445, 2447 

Baconian philosophy 
and the Christian re- 
ligion compared 6 2450 

Bacon's discovery of the 

inductive method 6 2448 

Badajos, Irish soldiers 

at 8 3063 

Baethgalach, a hero of 

Munster 7 2711 

Bagenal, Harry, killed 
at battle of Beal- 
an-atha-buidh 3 928, 957 

King DAUNT .... 3 817 

on Duelling 3 817 

Baile's Strand, Con- 

laoch lands at 4 1427 

Baithin and St. Colum- 

cille 4 1620 

Bala, The Waves' Le- 
gend on the Strand O/TODHUNRET. 9 3404 


Irish Literature. 

Balaklava, and the 
Charge of the Light 
Brigade ........... RUSSELL 


8 3008 

at 4 1200, 

Balf our on Dean Swift 3 

Balinconlig, Folk tale of 3 



Ballach-boy, The day of 6 

Ballad, A MOOBE 7 

Mongers 9 

of Father GilUgan.YE\TS 9 

Ballads, Anonymous 
Verse, and Street 

Songs HAND 8 

of Blue Water ' .. . ROCHE 8 

Ballaghaderreen, ' The 

Lost Saint ' acted at 4 

Ballina, Fishing at 4 

Ballinacarthy, Folk tale 

of I 2 

Ballinasloe, Jenny frowSTBEET BAL- 
LAD 8 

Fair of 4 

Ballincollig, Enlisting 

Ballintubber,' Fair' of .".'!!!!.'!!'.'.! 1 2 
Ballitore, Scenes of 

Ninety-eight 'at 5 

Ballycastle, Remains of 

coal-mining at 6 

Ballydivelin, The fight 

of the Mahonys un- 
der the tower of 7 

B a 1 1 y h o y station, 

Cockle-pickers at 1 

Ballylee 9 

Ballymena, St. Patrick 

at 6 

Ballymooney (scene of 

a song) 5 

Ballymote, Book of 2 629; 7 

Ballymulligan, The 

Mulligan of, as 4 

landlord 4 

Ballynakill, election of 

1790 1 

Bally Shannon, Sars- 

field at 7 

Ballyshannon, Hugh 

Roe at 2 

Ballyshanny, Scenery 

around 1 

Salmon leap at 7 

Balor of the evil eye 2 

the giant 3 

Baltimore, Scenery near 7 2602, 

Bay ." 5 

Banba, Meave among 

the women of 7 

Bandon Fair 6 


John (portrait) 1 

inherently Irish 1 


Banims, The, M. F. 

Egan on 5 

' Banish sorrow ' OGLE 7 

Banished Defender, The 8 

from Rome 2 

Bank of Ireland, The 

(half-tone engraving) 2 

Bankers in Ireland 9 

Banks of Banna, The. . OGLE 7 





























Bann, The, among the 
leading rivers of 
Ulster 6 2278 1 

Bonfires on 3 954 

Banna, The Banks of. .OGLE 7 27351 

Banshee, The ALLINGHAM. 1 17 

The TODHUNTEB. 9 34091 

Biddy Brady's ...CASEY 2 5651 

described 3 

of the MacCarthys, 

The CBOKER ... 2 7271 

Bantry Bay Expedition 9 34201 

Folk tales of 5 1803 ; 6 2314i 

Harbor (half-tone 

engraving) 9 34141 

' Bar, The Irish ' O'FLANAGAN. 7 2723 


Bard, and the King of 
the Cats, Seanchan 
the WILDE .... 9 35( 

O'Hussey's Ode to 

the Maguire, TfteMANGAN . . 6 2J 

" of Erin, The ". See T. MOOBE. 

" of Thomond, The"SeeM.HoGAN. 

Bardic System, The 2 

Bards. Costumes of the 3 

Decline of the 2 

described 2 

' of the Gael and 

Gall ' SIGEBSON ..1O 

outlawed by Eng- 
land 9 

B A B L o w, JANE (por- 
trait) 1 

M. F. Egan on 5 

Barmecides, Time of 

the MANGAN ... G 

Barney Maglone. See WILSON. 

Barney O'Hea LOVER 6 

Barny O'Reirdon, the 

Navigator LOVEB 5 

Barr, Saint, meaning of 

Barre", Colonel 7 



D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 6 

Richard and Re- 
peal 9 

Richard, in Prison 3 811 ; 6 

Roger : Duel with 

Judge Egan 1 

Barriere du TrSne 2 


on J. P. Curran . , .2 




the actor 5 


M. F. Egan on 5 

Barry's painting of the 

Last Judgment 6 

Basaltic rocks on the 

shores of Lough 


Bastile, The 2 

Bathe, Father John, 

slain at Drogheda 7 

Battle of Almhain O'DoNOVAN. 7 

of Beal-A n-A tha- 

Buidh DRENNAN . . 3 

of Duribolg HYDE 4 

of Flanders 7 

of Fontenoy (half 

tone engraving) 3 

of Landen 7 

General Index. 



Battle of the Boyne 7 

of the Factions ..CABLETON .. 2 

' of Magh Leana '. . O' CUBBY . . 7 

Battles in the Book of 

Leinster 2 

Bay of Biscay CHEEEY ... 2 

Beaconsfield, Lord .... O'CoNNOB . . 7 

Cranbourne on 6 

on early marriages 6 

on Shell 7 xxvii ; 8 

Beag, son of Buan 4 

Beal-An-Atha- B u i d h , 

Battle of DBENNAN . . 3 

Beal-an-a t h a-Bhuidhe, 

The Red Hand at 5 

Bear., An Irish 7 

Dirge of O'S^ZfyanCALLANAN... 2 
See Bere. 

Bearhaven, Morty Oge 

of 2 

Beau Tibbs GOLDSMITH . 4 

Beauing, belling, danc- 
ing, drinking STBEET BAL- 
LAD 9 

Beauty, Celtic love of 8 

Superstitions about 9 

'Beaux' Strategem, 

The ' FABQDHAB. . 3 

Bee mac Cuanach slain 

at Bolgdfm 4 

Bede Venerable de- 
scribes Lindisfarne 8 

Bedford, Burke on the 

Duke of 1 

' Bee, The ' 4 

Beehive shaped houses 8 

! Beekeeping in ancient 

Ireland 5 

Before I came across 

the sea STBEET BAL- 
LAD 9 

Beginnings of Home 


Belfast 6 

' Believe me if all those 

endearing young 

charms ' MOOBE .... 7 


Bellamy. Mrs., among 

the Irish actresses on 

the English stage 5 

Bettefonds, Marshal, 

commanding army of 

invasion in 1692 7 

Bellew, Bishop, of Kil- 

lala 6 

Bells of Sliandon, TTie.MAHONY .. 6 
Beloved, do you pity notWALSH ... 9 
Benburb 4 

I Beneath Blessington's 
eyes BYHON .... 6 
.; Ben-Edar, The scenery 

around 3 

i Bennett E. A., on 

George Moore 7 

| Beowulf. Alliteration in 4 

[Here O' Sullivan 9 

See Bear. 

Beresford, Lady Fran- 
cos, married to Henry 
Flood 3 





























on America 5 

Bernard, Dr., denn of 
Derry, Goldsmith on 4 1380 


Bernard, dean of Kil- 

more, saved at Drog- 

heda by Cromwell 7 2570 

' Beside the Fire ' 4 1638, 1642 

Bethlehem WABBDBTON. 9 3535 

Beth Peor 1 2 

Between us may roll the 

severing ocean WILDE .... 9 3572 

Beyond the River READ 8 2924 


D. J. O'Donoghue 

on the wit of 6 xiii 

Bicycle, To my ROLLESTON . 7 2976 

Biddy Brady's Banshee. CASEY 2 565 

Biggar and the Land 

League 9 xi 

Bindin' the Oats COLEMAN .. 2 610 

Bingen on the Rhine. ..NOBTON ... 7 2586 

Bingham, Sir Richard 7 2857 

Biography. (Biographies of all authors 
represented precede the examples .of their 
work. Biographies of Celtic authors 
quoted in translation or in original are in 
Volume X.) 

Biography and His- 
tory 9 vil 

Frederick William 

Robertson BBOOKE ... 1 291 

Sheridan as Orator FITZGEBALD 3 1190 

Prince of Dublin 

Printers GILBEBT ... 4 1258 

Origin of O'ConneimoE? 4 1588 

Capture of Wolfe 

Tone O'BBIEN ... 7 2604 

Why Parnell Went 

into Politics O'BBIEN ... 7 2607 

Lord Beacons field. O' CONN on .. 7 2660 

An Irish Musical 

Genius 7 2690 

Story of Grana 

Uaile OTWAY 7 2856 

Patrick Sarsfield, 

Earl of Lucan . . ONAHAN ... 7 2814 

A Eulogy of Wash- 
ington PHILLIPS 

Napoleon PHILLIPS 

8 2891 
8 2888 
2 586 

Biscay, The Bay of. . . .CHEBBY 
Black Book of St. 

Molaga 7 2664 

Castle 72853 

Crom, The Sunday 

of 7 2719 

Desert, King of theHYDE 1O 3713 

Lamb, The WILDE 9 3569 

Thief, The 3 xxi 

Blackbird, The 8 3271 

of Derrycarn, The 2 xvi 

made nest in monk's 

hand 2 xviii 

Blackburne, E. Owens. See Miss CASEY. 

Blackfriars, Theater in 6 2348 

Blackie, Professor, on 
the feudal land sys- 
tem 7 2864 

Blackpool 1 151 

Blacksmith of Limerick, 

The JOYCE 5 1741 

Blackwater, A, D. 1603. 

Crossing the ...JOYCE 5 1744 

Battle of the 5 1744; 7 2743 

Great meeting at 

Teltown, on the 5 1738 

in Ulster, The 6 2278 

River (half-tone 

engraving) 3 916 

Talk by the DOWNING .. 3 916 

The Northern . , , .KAVANAGH . 5 1732 


Irish Literature. 


Blackwood and Maginn 6 2300 

Blacquiere, Sir John, 

Anecdote of 1 131 

Blaize, An Elegy on 

Madam GOLDSMITH. 4 1382 

Blake, James, sent to 
Spain to poison 

Hugh Roe 7 2746 


Squire, an author- 
ity on duelling 1 145 

Blanid ' JOYCE 5 1749 

Blarney Castle (colored 

plate) 6 Front 

Blarney-Stone, Father 

Prout on the 6 2337, 2441 

Blast, A GROTTY ... 3 758 

'Blasters,' The 51916 

Blennerhassett's Book 

on Ireland 9 3395 

Bless my good ship ...BROOKE ... 1 280 
Blessing of Affliction, 

The KIRWAN ... 5 1844 


OF (portrait) 1 192 

Memoirs of MADDEN ... 6 2286 

Blest are the dormant. MANQAN ... 6 2380 
Blind Irish piper (half- 
tone engraving) 5 1762 

Student, The ARMSTRONG. 1 24 

Blindness, Miraculous 

cure of 5 1766 

Blithe the bright dawn 

found me FORLONQ . . 4 1247 

Bloody hand in Lord 
Antrim's coat-of- 

arms, The 7 2856 

1 Street,' Drogheda 7 2569 

Blue, Blue Smoke, The 

(half-tone engraving) GRAVES ... 4 1415 

FRANCIS) 1 215 

Board of National Edu- 
cation, The 4 1603, 1609 

Boate on Ulster 6 2276, 2279 

Boat-race to win Dun- 
luce Castle 7 2855 

Boats, Irish wickerwork 
(half-tone en- 
graving) 9 3458 

of ancient Ireland 5 1740 

Boat-Song, A Canadian . MOORE .... 7 2540 

Bob Acres, Jefferson as 8 3088 

Acres' Duel SHERIDAN .. 8 3088 

Burke's Duel with 

Ensign Brady . . . MAGINN ... 6 2303 
Bodhmall, the woman 

Druid 4 1447 

Bodkin, Amby, as an 
authority on 

duelling 1 145 


NELL 1 232 

The, in Irish dress 9 3493 

Bodleian Library at Ox- 
ford, Irish MSS. in 7 2673 

Boers, The Curse of tfte.GREGORY . . 1O 3927 
Bog Cotton on the Red 

Bog O'BRIEN ... 7 2591 

Bogs of Ireland, Pock- 
rich's project for 

reclaiming 7 2696 

Ulster, Dr. War- 
ner's project for 

reclaiming 6 2278 

Boieldiea, Irish influ- 
ence on ..,,,,,, 4 vii 


Bolb, Trout fishing on 

the 4 1522. 1523 

Bold is the talk in this. KELLY .... B 1782J 

' Defender, The ' 8 3270 

Traynor, O.' 8 3270 

Bo-men fairies, The, de- 
scribed 3 xxi 

Bons Mots of Sheridan 8 31191 

Sterne, Some 8 3 227 f 

Bonner, Bishop of Lon- 
d o n , Proclamation 

against plays by 6 

Booing (bowing), Dis 

sertation on O 

Book, Dimma's 7 26 1 ! 

first printed in 

Gaelic in Ireland 

(facsimile) 7 

' of a Thousand 

Nights ' BURTON ... 2 

of Ballymote 2 620 ; 7 2 

of Clonfert 7 

of Dromsneachta 2 

of Durrow ^ 

of Fermoy rf 

of Kells 5 1737 ; 7 

of Lecain 7 

of Lecan 2 629 ; 6 2 

of Leinster 2 vi, 

4 1600, 1612, 1613, 1C22:-7173S;8 

of Lismore 7 2766; 8 3_ 

' of Martyrs, The ' 7 25 

of St. B u i t h e ' s 

Monastery, The 

Speckled 7 

of St. Molaga, The 

Black 7 2( 

ofSlane, The Yel- 
low 7 2( 

' of Strange Sins, A'KERNAHAX .. 5 18( 

' of the Dun Cow ' 4 1600 ; 5 17i 

Books, drowned by 

Norse invaders 2 

Irish, before St. 

Patrick 2 

of Cluain-mic-Nois, 

The 7 

of Courtesy in the 

Fifteenth CenturyGREW 4 141 

Borough Franchise Bill, 

The Irish 6 


Boru Tribute, The 4 

Boston Port, Sailing 

into G 211? 

Boswell and Goldsmith 7 24( 

collection of Chap- 
books, The 3 


(portrait) 1 

Boulogne-s u r - M e r , 

Father O'Leary at 7 27( 

Bourke, Sir Richard, 
the M ' W i 1 1 i a m 
Eighter 7 28J 

Bowes, John, Solicitor- 
General, at the trial 
of Lord Gantry 7 2724, 271 

Boy, who was Long on 

His Mother, The HYDE 1O 31 

I Boycott, The First O'BRIEN ... 7 2611 

Boycotted JESSOP 5 1( 

| Boyd, Captain, Tnscrip- 

Ition on the 
Statue of ALEXANDER . 
THOMAS ,..,,,, 

General Index. 



Boyle. Colonel, slain at 

Drogheda 7 2568 

The, among the 

leading rivers of 

Ulster 6 2278 


CORK 1 260 

supposed cause 

of Atherton's 

hanging 9 3397 

on the ' Drapier's 

Letters ' 1 261 

WILLIAM 1 264 

Boyne, The VI 2354 

Obelisk, The (half- 
tone engraving) 7 3271 

Soldiers of the 3 842, 957, 968 

The host of Meave 

from the banks of 

the 7 2752 

The Battle of the. ... 1 349 ; 7 2819 

9 ix 

Boyne Water, The STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3271 


Bran, the hound of Finn 

mac Cumhail 2 xvii, 629 ; 6 2111 

Brandubh 4 1622 

' Brannon on the Moor '. 8 3270 

Bray, The s c e n e r y 

around 3 1185 

Breanhaun Crone 

O'Maille 7 2856 

Breastplate, The Hymn 

Called St. Patricks. STOKES .... 8 J>.244 
' Breathe not his name 'MooBE .... 7 2527 

Brehon Law, The 9 3393, 3493 

Law Code, The 1 29; 5 1735, 1739 

7 2615 

Brehons, The 2 444 


D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 6 Ix 

Brendan of Birr 7 2763 

Brett, Sergeant, shot at 

Manchester 7 2608, 2610 

Brewery of Egg-Shells, 

The CROKBB ... 2 731 

Brian. See A Song of 


Brian Boru. See The 

Irish Chiefs and 

also Mackenna'a 


B o r o i m h e, The 

Conqueror 9 vlii 

Boruimha. See 



LAD 7 3273 

the Brave ' 7 3270 

See Bryan. 
I Brian's administration. 

Anecdote of ... MOORE .... 7 2533 

Lament for King 

Mahon HOGAN .... 4 1591 

! Bribery by the English 2 792 

in the Irish House 

of Commons 2168 

(Bricriu 4 1615 

; Bride, The scenery 

! around the river 1 353 

i "Bridge of the World " 
(the Rocky Moun- 
tains) 2 417 

Bridget Cruise. From 

; the Irish.. . .FDRLONO ... 4 1244 


Brigade at Fontenoy, 

The DOWLINQ . . 3 878 

Brighidin Ban Mo Store. WALSH ... 9 3503 

The Cold Sleep of . MACMANDS. 6 2270 

Bright, John, on land 

tenure 7 2867 

on the Irish Ques- 
tion 6 2156, 2158 

Bright sparkling pile!.. WILDE 9 3596 

Brightest blossom of 

the spring FERGUSON . 3 1186 

Brigit at Kildare 8 3253 

Extract from the 

Life of STOKES ... 8 3246 

Healings by 8 3251 

Hymns in praise 

of 8 

Miracles of 8 

Relics of . . .8 


Britain, Goldsmith on 4 

' British Association, 

Address to the '.KELVIN ... 5 1784 

Museum, Irish 

MSS. in 7 2672 

Navy, Irishmen in 9 3422 

Parliament, Flood's 

Speech in the 3 1219 

' Brogues, A Kish of '. .BOYLE .... 1 264 

Brompton 1 165 


HENRY 1 284 

TUS 1 291 

on Steele 8 3196 

Brother Azarias. See P. F. MULLANEY. 


Lord, on E. Burke 1 372 

on Sheridan 3 1191 

and Macaulay 6 2452 

Brow of Nefln, The HYDE 1O 3777 

Broicn Wind of Con- 
naught, The MACMANUS.. 6 2272 

Browne, Dr., and the 

United Irishmen. .9 3515, 3519, 3523 

FRANCES 1 313 

JOHN Ross 1 323 

Bruce, Campaign of, 

1314 9 3391 

' Bruidhen da Derga, 

The' 4 1601 

Brundusium 2 739 

Bryan, Boruma, Mean- 
ing of 3546 

See also Brian. 
trait) 1 330 

Buckingham, Duke of 1 172 

. Lord, Duel of, with 

the Master of the 

Rolls 1 143 


Budget of Stories, A ..O'KEEFFE .. 7 2771 


Building, Ancient Irish 4 1612 

Bull. A French 3 1057, 1058, 1059 

A Spanish 3 1058, 1059 

An English 31057 

An Oriental 3 1056 

The white, of Meve 2 xvil 

What is an Irish 3 1057 

Bull-baiting in Dublin 5 1916 


' Bulls, An Essay on 

Irish ' EDGEWORTH. 3 1055 



Irish Literature. 


Bulls Examined, The 
Originality of 
Irish EDGBWOKTH. 3 1055 

Irish, of Sir Boyle 

Roche 1 13o, 137 

Bulwer on O'Connell 7 xxvi 

Plunket V xxv 

Shell 7 xxvi 

Bumpers, Squire Jones. DAWSON ... 3 841 

' Bunch of Sham- 

rocks, A' CASEY 2 565 

Buncrana 6 2427 

Bunker's Hill, Irish 

volunteers for 6 2113 

Bunner, H. C., on John 

Brougham 1 301 

Bunthorne the Poet. See OSCAK WILDE. 

Bunting's 'Ancient Mu- 
sic of Ireland ' 2230 

Buonaparte, Interviews 

with TONE 9 3418 

, Tone introduced 

to 3418 

Burbage, James, Li- 
cense granted by 
Elizabeth to 6 2347, 2349 

Burgh, Hussey, a Monk 

of the Screw 2 797 

Burgundian Library, 

Brussels ; MSS. in 7 2673 

Burial at Sea ALEXANDER. 1 10 

of Moses, The ALEXANDER. 1 

of Sir John Moore. 

The .WOLFE 9 3633 

Buried Forests of Erin, 

The MILLIGAN .. 6 2437 

trait). (See also 
The J e s 8 amy 
Bride) 1 869 

a master on ora- 
tory 7 xxviii 

and Sheridan 8 3119 

and the ' Histori- 
cal Society ' 7 x 

Goldsmith on 4 1378, 1380 

Meagher on 6 2421 

on Curran 7 xxii 

on Hampden's for- 
tune 1 375 

on the Duke of 

Bedford 1 379 

Secures MS. of Bre- 

hon Laws for 

Trinity College 7 2615 

> Sir R. Peel on 1 x 

Some Wise and 

Witty Sayings of 1 396 

R., Goldsmith on 4 1380 

The oratory of 7 x 

THOMAS N 1 398 

William 4 1380 

Burke's Statue (half- 

tone engraving) 1 

Burlesque novels 1 119. 


Burns, Speech on FERGUSON . 3 1170 

Burne-Jones, Sir E., on 

the Irish character 8 xv 

Burthen of Ossian, TTie.O'GRADY . . 7 2752 

CIS 2 403 

on ' The Arabian 

Nights' 2 404 

Bush, Raftery and the 9 3667, 3671 

Business Quarter and a 
Business Man in Lon- 
don RIDDELL . . 8 2949 


But I than other lov- 
ers' state WILDE .... 9 3598 

the rain is gone by.TYXAx- 

HINKSON. 9 3459 

Butler, Hon. Simon 9 3573 


BUTT, ISAAC 2 421 

and the Home Rule 

movement 62174, 2177; 9 xi 

To the Memory of.SiGEiisoN . . 8 31 33 

Buttercups and Daisies.ToDHUNTER. 9 3411 

Butterflies in Ireland 9 3565 

Buying a seat in Church 3 820 

' By memory inspired'. STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3274 

By Nebo's lonely moun- 
tain ALEXANDER. 1 1 

By O'Neil close belea- 
guered DRENNAN .. 3 928 

By our campfires DOWLING . . 3 878 

By the blue taper's 

trembling light PARNELL . . 7 2874 

By the Margin of the 

Great Deep RUSSELL . . 8 3004 

By the shore a plot of 

ground ALLINGHAM 1 

Byrne, Colonel, slain at 

Drogheda 725 

Byron and the Bless- 

inrjtons at Genoa.MADDEN . . . O 228 

on j. P. Curran 2 77 

on Lord Castle- 

reagh 6 216 

tells a story of 

Sheridan 8 312 

Byron's manner, Flip- 
pancy of e 2288 


C See H. G. CURRAN. 

C. W See C. WOLFE. 

Cabins, Deserted (half- 
tone engraving) O 226" 

Gael and Credhe GREGORY .. 4 144! 

Caelte and St. Patrick 8 297( 

Caeilte's Lament. From 

the Irish O'GRADY . . 7 

Caenfela, Meaning of 9 

Caesar, Julius, on the 

Druids 7 

TON 2 

Cailin og astor men- 
tioned in Shakespeare 4 

Caillino, The Woods of.FrrzsiMON.. 3 

Cailte 2 

Cairderga 5 

Cairn Feargall 2 

Calatin, The Children of 4 

Caldwell. Should be 

O'Callaly 1O 

' Caleb in search of a 

Wife ' See J. MARTLEY. 

Call of the Sidhe, A. . .RUSSELL ... 8 

Callaghan, Greally and 
Mullen, The Sorrow- 
ful Lamentation of.. STREET BAL- 
LAD .... 9 33K 

Callaghans, The, ad- 
ministering colonial 
affairs 3 941 


W. B. Yeats on 3 

Calling, The SIGERSON .. 8 

General Index. 



Calmly, breathe calmly 

all your music JOHNSON .. 5 1700 

Calton Hill, Burns and 

the 6 2131 

Camden, Lord, and 

Ninety-Eight 8 2930 

as Vice-Roy 6 2167 

Campbell, Counsellor, 

duel with Harry 

Deane Grady 1 143 


Sir Colin at Bala- 

klava 8 3009 

Rev. Dr. Thomas 7 2695 


Can the depths of the 

ocean WILLIAMS . 9 3607 

Canadian Boat-Song, A. MOORE .... 7 2540 

governors 3 938 

Candle-making in an- 
cient Ireland 6 1737 

Candour, Mrs. (charac- 
ter in ' School for 

Scandal ') 8 3099 


' Life of BELL 1 165 

on 'Gulliver's Trav- 
els' 1 167 

on Lord Nugent 1 171 

> on parliamentary 

speaking 1 170 

on The Lady of 

the Lake' 1 169 

Oratory of 1 170 

Wit of 1 171 

Cantwell, Dr. (charac- 
ter in ' Mr. Maw- 
worm ') 1 183 

Canzone WILDE 9 3598 

Caoch the Piper KEEGAN ... 5 1762 

Caoilte- 2 629, 630 ; 4 1451, 1525 

See also Caelte, Cailte. 
Cape Clear (half-tone 

engraving) 6 2222 

and the surround- 
ing country 2 439; 6 2222 

The Vicar of OTWAY .... 7 2848 

j Capel Street, Dublin. 

See A Prospect. 

I Captain Blake ' MAXWELL . 6 2412 

Captain's Story, The. . .MAXWELL . 6 2400 
Capture of an Indian 

Chief REID 8 2932 

i of Hugh Roe O'Don- 

nell, The CONNELLAN. 2 632 

of Wolfe Tone, Tfte.O'BRiEN ... 7 2604 

Carbery, Ethna MRS. MACMANUS. 

i Cardinal de Ret/, Gold- 
smith on 4 1347 

(Careless (character in 

* School for Scandal ') 8 3109 

Carew and the Bishop 

of Rome 7 2852 

-Sir George, Presi- 
dent of Munster 7 2740 

' Caricatures by Gilray 1 168 


(portrait) 2 469 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on V xvii 

1 M. F. Egan on 5 vii, xii, xvi 

inherently Irish 1 xi 

jCarlingford Bay 6 2277 

Carlisle. Lord, story of 1 232 

and the Waiter 8 xxi 

; Carlyle. A Dispute tmtft.DuFFY 3 951 

' Conversations of '.DUFFY .... 3 951 


Carlyle on Ireland's 

wrongs 3 951 

on freedom of re- 
ligious belief in 

Ireland 3 952 

on the Reforma- 
tion 3 951 

Carolan See CAMPION. 

and Arthur Daw- 
son 3 841 

remembered in 

the valley of 

Nephin 6 2231 

Songs 7 2615 

See O'Carolan, Tur- 

Carriages in Dublin in 

the XVIII. Century 5 1917 

Carrickf Have you been 

at WALSH ... 9 3507 

The massacre at 3 955 

Carrickfergus, The gar- 
rison of 3 955 

Carrickmacross, The 

Fera Ros at 7 2709 

Carrigaphooka, A folk 

tale of 6 2320 

Carrigdhoun. See The 
Lament of the Irish 
Carrington, Lord, and 

Pitt 62285 

Carroll Malone. . . . See McBuBNUT. 
Cartan, Shemus. See A 
Sorrowful Lament for 

Carysville, Salmon fish- 
ing at 7 2730 

' Case of Ireland Stated, 

The ' MOLYNEDX. . 6 2460 

Casey, Biddy 1O 3813 

Miss (E. OWENS 



W. B. Yeats on. . .8 xi 

8 3035 
3 1181 

' Cashel Byron's Profes- 
sion ' SHAW 

of Munster FERGUSON 

The Acropolis of 

Athens and the 

Rock of MAHAFFY 

Rock and Ruins of 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 6 

The Eagle of 4 

The Psalter of. 

(See also Saltair) ... 7 2664; 7 

6 2334 



Cashmere, The lake of 7 

Cassandra 9 


(portrait) 2 576 

1 Castle Daly ' KEARY 5 1755 

Down, The Good 

Ship McBuRNBY . 6 2113 

" Hack, The Dub- 
lin " 3 888 

Rackrent EDGEWORTH. 3 995 

M. F. Egan on 5 ix, x 

Castlereagh, Lord, By- 
ron on 6 2168 

Justin McCarthy 

on 6 2169 

Name of, hated 8 2930 

Plunket's answer 

to 7 xxv 

See A Noble Lord. 

Cat, The Demon , , , , , .WILDE 9 3557 


Irish Literature. 


Cathair More 7 2752 

Cathald Maguire on the 

Golden Stone 7 2718 

The Festology of 7 2674 

Cathbad 4 1432 

Cathedral at Cashel, 
compared with the 
Parthenon 6 2335 

Cathleen ni Hoolihan. ..YEATS 9 3688 

1O xx 

Catholic Celts under the 

Stuarts 6 viii 

not heard In 

Irish Parlia- 
ment 7 vili 

Church, The Irish 

peasant's devo- 
tion to the 2148 

clergy and the peo- 
ple * 920 

disabilities. See 

Disabilities of the 
Roman Catholics. 

emancipation 3 773; 6 2161; 9 x 

On CURRAN ... 9 773 

Orators 2 xxvii 

priests in war 

time, Leland on 3 955 

question, G r a t - 

tan's speeches on 7 xvi 

Rights, On O'CONNELL.. 7 2629 

Catholics, Church build- 
Ing by 6 2152 

Of the Injustice 

of Disqualifica- 
tion of GRATTAN . . 4 1405 

The, are the Irish 9 3426 

Cathvah, the Druid 6 275fi 

' Catiline/ Scene from. .CROLY 2 747 

Cats' Rambles to the 

Child's Saucepan 8 xix 

Seanchan the Bard 

and the King of the. WILDE .... 9 3566 

Superstitionsabout 9 3680 

Cattle raiding 2 xii 

Cavan . 1 132 

The mountains 

and lakes of 6 2275, 2277 

Cavanagh, M., of Wash- 
ington, D. C 10 3919 

Cave, Sir John, and Sir 

Boyle Roche 1 135 

Stories 2 xfi 

Cavern, The HAYES 1O 3977 

Cavour, Count, on the 
state church in Ire- 
land 6 2150 

Cean Dubh Deelish FERGUSON . 3 1183 

duv Deelish SHORTER . . 8 3126 

Cease to Do Evil, 

Learn to Do Well MACCARTHY. 6 2128 

Cecil, Lord. See The 
Earl of Essex. 

Celtchair 4 1617 

Celtic Authors Biogra- 
phies in Vol. 10. 

Element in Litera- 
ture, The YEATS .... 9 3654 

Literature ... ..HYDE. See 

Vols. 2 and 1O. 

place-names, Ori- 
gin of 6 2228 

1 Romances, Old '..JOYCE. 5 1724, 1731 

' Twilight, The ' . . YEATS 9 366 

3673, 3678, 3679, 3683 


' Celts, Legendary Fic- 
tions of the Irish '. . .KENNEDY .. 5 1796 
1799, 1801, 1803 

The M'GEE 6 2223 

Salutation to the. M'GEE 6 2226 

Cement not used in 

early building 8 2883 

Censure, Swift on 9 3378 

Centenary Ode to the 
Memory of Thomas 
Moore MACCARTHY. 6 2131 

Cen tury of Subjection, A. TAYLOR ... 9 3390 

Cervantes 3 873 

Cet mac Mftgach 4 1615 

Changeling, The LAWLESS .. 6 1877 

Changelings 2 731 ; 5 1877 

Chanson DE CHATEAU- 
BRIAND . . 6 2339 

Chap-books at Harvard 3 xxi 

described 3 xx 

Irish 2 469 

Thackeray on Irish 3 xxl 

Welsh on 3 17 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xx 

Chapel, The Ruined. .ALLINGHAM. 1 22 

Chappel's, A., portrait 

of Maria Edgeworth 3 

Character, A IRWIN .... 5 

Irish 8 

John Wesley on. . . .- 8 

Sir Edward 

Burne- Jones on 8 XT j 

of Napoleon, An 

Historical PHILLIPS .. 8 2888 

Character Sketches, 
cences, etc. 

Fire-Eaters, The. .BARRINGTON. 1 

Irish Gentry and 

their Retainers . .BARRINGTON. 1 

Pulpit, Bar and 


tary Eloquence. .BARRINGTON. 1 

Seven Baronets, 


Gloucester Lodge.. BELL 1 1< 

Princess Talley- 
rand as a Critic.B LESS ING- 
TON 1 21 

Facetious Irish 

Peer. A DAUNT .... 3 

King Bagenal DAUNT .... 3 

Icelandic Dinner, 

An DUFFERIN . 3 943 

Dispute with Car- 

lyle, A DUFFY .... 3 

M y Boyhood Days. EDGE WORTH. 3 1( 

Sheridan as Ora- 
tor FITZGERALD. 3 11J 

Keogh, The Irish 

Massillon FITZPATRICK 3 1 

Prince of Dublin 

Printers, The. . ..GILBERT ... 4 1 

We'll See About /*.HALL 41! 

Origin of O'Con- 

nell HOEY 4 1! 

Scenes in the In- 
of 1798 LEADBEATER. 5 

Love-Making in Ire- 
land MACDONAGH. 6 219 

Byron and the 

'Blessingtons at 

Genoa MADDEN . . . <l i 

William Pitt, , , , .MADDEN ... 6 2J 

General Index. 



Character Sketches, 
cences, etc. 

Rambling Reminis- 
cences MILLIGAN . . 6 2427 

Prince of /mswore.MoRGAN ... 7 2543 

Irish Musical Ge- 
nius, An O'DONOGHUE 7 2690 

Budget of Stories.O'KEEFFE . 7 2772 

HarryDeaneGrady.O' FLANAGAN 7 2728 

Pen-and-ink Sketch 

of Daniel O'Con- 

nell SHEIL 8 3064 

Some College 

Recollections ...WALSH ... 9 3513 

Last Gleeman, TTieYEATS 9 3683 

Characteristics of Ire- 
land . . 8 vii 

of Irish literature 2 xviii 

Characteristics of 
the Irish. 

A loving people 8 xv 

Approachableness 8 xv 

Artlessness 8 xi 

Attention and cour- 
tesy to strangers 8 xv 

Aversion to confess 

ignorance 8 xiv 

Dancing, Love of 8 xix 

Desire to please 8 viii 

Exaggeration 8 xiv 

Faculty for paying 

compliments 8 viii 

Familiarity 8 x 

Flattery 8 ix 

Freedom of man- 
ners 8 x 

Hospitality of the 

Irish Celts 3 vii 


to facts 8 viii 

Leisurely and cas- 
ual 8 xix 

Love of hunting 8 xiii 

Love of racing 8 xiii 

Practical joking 8 xvii 

Ready replies 8 ix 

Sense of humor 8 xvi 

Simplicity 8 x, xii 

Sociability 3 vii 

Talkativeness 8 x 

Charade, The Amazing 

Ending of a CROMMELIN. 2 751 

Charge of the Light 
Brigade, The (refer- 
ence) TENNYSON . 8 3013 

Charity among the Hill- 
people 4 1456 

Charlemagne, Irish ver- 
sion of the wars of 7 2672 

'Charles I.' WILLS 9 3612 

and Ireland 9 ix 

II. and Ireland ix 

O'Malley ' LEVER. 5 1972, 1995 

Charlie, The Coming of 

Prince MAGRATH . .10 4415 

Charlotte Elizabeth . SeeMRS. TONNA. 
Charming Mary Neal. . .STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3275 

Chatham and Town- 

shend BURKE 1 391 

Cheltenham 6 2410 


Cheshire Cheese, The, 

Rhymers Club at 5 1693 



(Norah Hopper) 2 590 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xiii 

Chess-playing in olden 

times 5 1739; 7 2668, 2707 

Chesterfield and Faulk- 
ner 4 1260 

as Lord Lieutenant 6 2150 

Chevalier de St. George, 

son of Mary D'Este 2 768 

Chickahominy, The 6 2423 

4 Chiefs of Parties, The '.MADDEN . 6 2284 

The Irish DUFFY . . 3 959 

Chieftains, Lives of 

Irish i 30 

Childe Charity, The 

Story of BROWNE . . 1 314 

Childhood in Ancient 

Greece MAHAFFY . . 6 2328 

Children and parents, 

Affection between ... 6 2196; 7 2618 

of Lir, The TYNAN- 

HINKSON... 9 3460 
Children's games in Ire- 
land 7 2783 

reading in the 

XVIII. Century 31073 

Stories, A Writer 

of 3 994 

' Child's History of Ire- 
land, A' JOYCE .... 5 1735 

' China, Narrative of 

the War with ' WOLSELEY. . 9 3636 

Chinese Life, picture of 6 2206 

Chnoc Nania (hill) 6 2230 

Chosen People, A : Ma- 
gee on 6 2293 

' Christian Architecture, 

Early ' STOKES 8 3238 

Mother, The KIRWAN ... 5 1842 

Christianity in Ireland 9 viii, 3401 

Christmas Song, The 
Kilkenny Exile's . . . . KENEALY .. 5 1788 

' Chrysal ' JOHNSTONE . 5 1709 

Church and Modern 

Society, The'. . .IRELAND ... K 1662 

Architecture 8 3238 

how covetousness 

came into the 1O 3823 

Irish devotion to 

the Catholic 6 2149 

of England, The 6 2159 

The Catholic 3 920, 6 2148 

Ruins, Holy Island 

(half-tone e n - 

graving) 6 2130 


by Catholics 6 2152 

by Irish women 1 31 

Churches, Saxon, in Ire- 
land 8 2880 

Churchman, Newman 

the 7 2556 

Gibber, Theophilus 7 2699 

Cicero (in ' Catiline ') 2 747 

Cinderella an Egyptian 

legend 9 3534 

Circle, A SWIFT 9 3389 

'ircular Stone Forts 8 2882 

ithruadh 4 1452 

' Citizen of the World, 

The ' GOLDSMITH. 4 1317 

1322. 1326, 1334, 1338 S 1341 
Citizen-Soldier, The 

Common O'REILLY .. . 8 2825 

City in the Great 
West, A DUNEAVEN .. 3 963 


Irish Literature. 


Civil Service in Ireland 9 3363 

. War, Archbishop 

Ireland in the 5 1662 

Irish in the 4 1539 ; 6 2321 

The American 7 2826, 2831 

Clacken Lough, Descrip- 
tion of country 

around 1 360 

Claims of Science, J7ie..TYNDALL . . 9 3463 

Clan Dega, The 7 2752 

Clang of the Wooden 

Shoon MOLLOY ... 6 2458 

Clanmorris, Lord, 'and 

Curran 1 143 

Clanricarde in the Re- 
bellion of 1641 9 ix 

Sarsfleld's wife the 

daughter of the 

Earl of 7 2816 

Ulick, Earl of, at 

war with his 
brother Shane of 

the Clover 7 2743 

Clar Cuilte 4 1443 

Claragh's Lament. Prom 
the Irish of John Mc- 
Donnell D' ALTON . . 2 803 

Clare, Lord 9 3516, 3524 

Lord, Goldsmith's 

Poetical Epistle 

to 4 1377 

and Curran, duel 

between 1 142 

County 5 1740, 1985 

Clarke, Cowden, on Far- 

quahar 3 1164 

General, a Celt of 

the Spanish type 4 1589 



Claudius 6 1847 

Clearing of Galway, 


GAST 8 2913 

Clebach, The well of 3 1163 

Cleena .' 5 1743, 2004 

Clerical life in Ireland 6 2411 


Clerkenwell explosion 6 2153 

Clew Bay 7 2856 

Clive, Lord, Macaulay 

on 6 2446 

Cloaks, Spanish 9 3499 

Clochoir, an ancient 

oracle 7 2718 

Cloghan Lucas, M'Wil- 
liam leaders hanged 

at 7 2858 

Clogher, Origin of the 

name 7 2718 

in Tyrone 6 1724, 1726 

Clogherna 5 1423 

Cloghroe, The Maid o/.. STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3299 

Clonakilty 7 2613 

Clonard, Finnen of 5 1727 

Clonavaddock 6 2433 

Clonfert, The Book of 7 2664 

Clonmacnoise (half-tone 

engraving) 8 2979 

Graves at 9 3484 

The Dead at ROLLESTON.. 8 2979 

The Monastery of 4 1600 

Clonnell, Lord, duels 
with Lord Tyrawly 
and Lord Llandaff 1 142 


Clonmore, Old Pedhar 

Carthy from M'CALL 6 2122 

Clontarf, Battle of 2 ix ; 6 2377 

Cluain-Dobhain, King 

Ferghal at 7 2710 I 

Cluncalla 4 1255 II 

Cluricaune, The 2 713 ; 3 xix 

Coach-a-bower, The 3 xix jl 

Coal-mining, Remains of, 

at Ballycastle, Ulster 6 2280 \ 

Coats, Styles of 9 3498 I 


Cockade, The White . . . CALLANAN . 2 442 1 

Code, Duelling 1 148 ! 


Results of the 4 xii 

Coelt<5 7 2753 

See also Cailte. 

Coercion Laws 5 

Gladstone on 7 

Coffinmaker, Keogh a 3 

Coif, The 9 

Coinage, A National, for 

Ireland 9 

Laws of 9 

Lord Coke on 9 

Coirnin of the Furze. . .HYDE 1O 

Coke Lord, on the coin 

age 9 

Colclough, Sir Vesey, 

Reminiscences of 1 

Cold Sleep of Brighidin, 

The MACMANUS. . 6 



Coleraine - 6 

Colgan, Father John, 

cited 7 

collector of Irish 

manuscripts for 

Louvain 7 

Collection of Folk Tales 3 

Colleen Bawn, On the. .STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

M. F. Egan on 5 

Rock (half-tone 

engraving) 4 

LAD 8 

'Collegians, The' GRIFFIN ... 5 

1483, 1489, 1494, 
Griffin's master- 
piece 1 

'Colloquy of the An- 
cients,' On the ROLLESTON . 8 

(See also Literary Qual- 
ities of the Saga.) 

Colonial Slavery, 18S1. .O'CoNNELL. 7 
Colonizations of Ireland, 

Early 2 


Columcille, Death of 2 

The Death of St.. HYDE 

Columkille. See St. Co- 


'Come all you pale lov- 
ers' DUFFET 

in the evening . . . DAVIS . , 

' piper, play the 

Shaskan Reel ' . . CASEY . . 

- see the Dolphin's 

anchor forged . . FERGUSON . . 3 

- tell me, dearest 

mother STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

to me, dearest ' , . BRENAN ... 1 






609 | 






xii ; 




General Index. 



Comedians in Queen 

Elizabeth's reign 6 2349 

Oomharda, The Irish 4 xiii 

Comic papers, why they 
do not flourish in Ire- 
land 6 

' Coming of Cuculain, 

The ' O'GRADY ... 7 2756 

of Finn, The GREGORY . . 4 1447 

Prince Charlie, TheMAGHATn ,.1O 4015 

Commandments, The 

Thirty-Six 1 148 

Commemorative funer- 
als for the Manches- 
ter martyrs 7 2609 


and the Union 8 2902 

Declaration of 

Irish Rights . . . GRATTAN . . 4 1387 

Decrease in Ire- 
land 9 3416 

On a Commercial 

Treaty with 
France FLOOD 3 1219 

Short View of Ire- 
land, 1727, A ... SWIFT 9 3362 

Commercialism in Amer- 
ica 1 342 

Committee of Selection, 

The work of the 2 xxiii 

Common Citizen-Soldier, 

The O'REILLY .. 7 2825 

Commune of Paris, The 2 678 

Con Cead Catha (Con of 
the Hundred Fights) 2 444; 5 1731; 8 2979 
The Lake of 6 2230 

Conal of Ossian quoted 

by O'Connell 3 813 

Conall and Conlaoch 4 1428 

Cearnach 4 1617 

derg O'Corra 5 1724 

Conan 4 1451, 1525 

MAOL, Biography 

(portrait) 1O 4029 

Concerning the Brass 
Halfpence Coined by 
Mr. Wood with a de- 
sign to have them 
Pass in this Kingdom.SwiFT .... 9 3369 

Conchubar. See Conco- 

bar 4 1427, 1433 

Conciliation witli Amer- 

' ica, On BURKE .... 1 376 

Concobar. See Conchu- 
bar 7 2748, 2757 

Condail (now Old Con- 

nell. County Kildare) 7 2711 

Condition of the peas- 
antry 9 3426 

Condon convicted at 

Manchester 7 2608 

Condi/ Cullen and the 
Ganger CARLETON. .. 2 541 

Confederation, The Irish 6 2418 

' Confessions of an El- 
derly Gentleman'BLESSiNGTON 1 200 

of Tom BourTce ..CHOKER ... 2 681 

Confiscation of Eccles- 
iastical Property 9 3391 

Cong, Lord Carlisle at 1 235 

' Congal ' FERGUSON . . 3 1185 

Congregation, The Loan 
of a MAXWELL .. 6 2411 


W. B. Yeats on 3 vii 

Conjugal fidelity in Ire- 
land .5 1928 


Conlaoch 4 1427 

Conn 4 1609 ; 6 2354 

Ced-cathach, the 

hundred fighter 2 444 ; 5 1731 

8 2979 

Connacht, Dermot's en- 
trance into 7 2762 

Love Songs of. . . .HYDE 1O 3735 

3749, 3763, 3777, 3789 

Religious Songs O/HYDB . 1O 3795 

3813, 3823, 3829, 3917 

Songs of HYDE 1O 3833 

Speakers in 4 1603 

Connall 2 804 

Connaught, folk-tale of 5 1724 

Aldf rid in 6 2376 

Meave and the host 

of 7 2752 

Place-names in 6 2229 

Sarsfield in 7 2818 

The Brown Wind O^MACMANUS . 6 2275 

The Duke of; his 

welcome to Ire- 
land 7 xvi 

The first boycott 

in 7 2612 

See The Gray Fog 

and also The 
West's Asleep. 
Connaught's approba- 
tion of Henry 

Flood , 3 1216 

boast of beauty 3 1216 



Connemara (See also A 

May Love Song) 7 2615 

Lord Carlisle in 1 233, 241 

Starving peasantry 

of 7 2868 

Connla of the Golden 
Hair (half-tone en- 
graving) JOYCE. 5 1731, 1734 

Connla's Well RUSSELL ... 8 3001 

Connor, Son of Nais 2 804 

Conor, King of Ulster*. 4 1613 

Conquest of Ireland 9 ix 

Conry, The parish of 5 1731 

Consent of the governed 9 3862 

Consolation LARMINIE .. 5 1874 

Constitution, Goldsmith 

on the English 4 1333 

On the English. . .CANNING .. 2 465 
Conservatism of Amer- 
icans 1 348 

Consumption of admira- 
tion, The 6 2383 

Contagion of Love, TfteCoBBE 2 605 

Contents of ' IRISH LIT- 
ERATURE ' described 2 xix 

Contentment.' From 'A 

Hymn to PARNELL ... 7 2876 

Continuation of the 
Memoirs of the Rack- 
rent Family EDGEWORTH. 3 1014 

Continuity of national 

spirit in literature 1 xiv 

of Irish in Irish 

literature 2 vlii 

Convent life, A picture 

of 6 2497 

Conversations with 

Carlyle ' DUFFY 3 951 

Conversion of Ireland 9 3401 

of King L a o g - 

hair e's Daugh- 
ters. Folk Lore. ANONYMOUS, 3 1162 


Irish Literature. 


Convivial, Extracts from 

Retaliation ........ GOLDSMITH. 4 1380 

Convivial Songs. 

- The Cruiskeen 

Lawn ......... ANONYMOUS. 8 3279 

- - - Oarryowen ...... ANONYMOUS. 8 3283 

- Lanigan's Ball . . ANONYMOUS. 8 3293 

- Rakes of Mallow. ANONYMOUS. 9 3312 

Monks of the Screw,CuRKA.x 
Why Liquor of 

Lifef ......... D' ALTON . 

Bumpers, Squire 

Jones ......... DAWSON .. 

Of Drinking ---- FLECKNOB . 

Maggy Ladir .... FURLONG . 

The TTzreePtfireows.GoLDSMiTH 
Athrain an Bhui- 

deil ........... LE FAND . 

Good Luck to the 

Friars of OZ<Z... LEVER 
1 drink to the 

graces ........ LEVER 

Man for Oalway.. LEVER 
The Pope He Leads 

a Happy Life... .LEVER 
Sweet Chloe ..... LYSAGHT . 
The Irish Exile. . .M'DERMOTT 
Humors of Donny- 

brook Fair ..... O'FLAHERTY. 7 
Friar of Orders 

Gray .......... O'KEEFFE 

2 797 

2 805 

3 841 
3 1209 


5 1946 
5 1958 


5 2002 

6 2109 
6 2189 


7 2778 

. 7 2803 

8 3117 

' Whisky, drink di- 
vine ! ' O'LEARY , 

Here's to thervaid- 

en of bashful fif- 

Conviviality in Iceland 3 

in Ireland 1 

2 521, 534, 655, 710, 797 ; 3 817, 997, 

1025, 1053, 1201; 4 1565; 5 1956, 

1969, 1975, 1990 

in Irish humor 6 y 

Cooke, Sir Charles 8 2914 

JOHN 9 3481 

Coole, Dr. Douglas Hyde 

at 4 1650 

Coolun, The. From the 

Irish FERGUSON. . 3 1188 

'Cooper's Hill' DENHAM... 3 850 

Copernican theory, The 2 603 

Copernicus anticipated 

in Ireland 8 

Copyright in Ireland 1 xxiv; 5 

Coracle, A (half-tone 

engraving) 9 

Coran the Druid 5 

Cork, County, A benevo- 
lent landlord of 6 2397 

An entrance to 

Tirnanoge fa- 
bled to be in 5 

Scenery in 7 

Harbor (half-tone 

engraving) 2 427 

Raleigh in 3 912 

Swimming to Que- 
bec from 3 

The Mayor of, A 

joke on 8 






Cormnc Conlingas ................ 7 2751 

- Tonlingeas ................. 4 1430 

- Duvlingas .................. 7 2751 

- mac Art at Tara ............ 4 1610 

Cormac's Chapel, Cash- 

el. compared with the 

Erechtheum at Athens... . 6 2335 

Corn laws, O'Connell on 

the 7 2633 

Corn-mills in ancient 

Ireland 5 1736 

Cornwall, Lord 8 3278 

Cornwallis, Lord, Vice- 
Roy of Ireland <? 2167 

Character of c 2168 

on Catholic eman- 
cipation c 2171 

Coronation chair, The 
(half-tone e n - 

graving) 7 2717 

stone, Goldsmith 

on the (see also 

The Lia Fail) 4 1321 

Corradhu. See A Memory. 

Extracts from a 

Letter to a Noble 

Lord BURKE 1 379 

To the Duke of 

Graf ton FRANCIS ... 3 1228 

Letter from the 

Place of his BirthMcH&LV ... 6 2227 

Corrig-a-Howly, castle 8 2857 

Corry, Isaac, duel with 

Henry Grattan 1 142, 4 1385 

Corry meela SKRINE 8 3154 


Costume. See Dress. 
Cottage, An Irish (half- 
tone engraving) 2 512 

in Killarney (half- 
tone engraving) 4 1484 

' Life in Ireland '.O'KENNEDY. 7 2782 

Cottonian Library, Ex- 
tract from MS. in 6 2343 

Couldah, The River (See 


Count each affliction . .DE VERB ... 3 860 
Counterfeit Footman, 

The FARQUHAR. . 3 1165 

Countess Kathleen 
O' 'Shea, The. FolkLoreANONYMOUS. 3 1157 

Country Folk JOHNSON .. 5 1604 

Country Life in Ire- 

The Flower 2 612 

Bindin' the Oats. .COLEMAN .. 2 610 

Seed-Time COLEMAN .. 2 609 

Castle Rackrent. .EDGEWORTH. 3 
The Widow's Mes- 
sage to Her Son . FORRESTER .. 3 12J 
How Myles Mur- 
phy got his Pon- 
ies out of the 

Pound GRIFFIN ... 4 

We'll See About It. HALL 4 

A Swarm of Bees . HAMILTON .. 4 
An Electioneering 

Scene HARTLEY .. 4 

Picture of tester. MACNEVIN .. O 227( 

The Exile MOORE 7 

The Vicar of Cape 
Clear OTWAY 

County Dispensary, A . GRIFFIN ... 4 

of Mayo, The Fox 3 

Court players in the 

time of Henry VII 5 

Courting, Irish ideas of 6 

Courtly (character in 

' London Assurance ') 1 

Courtship 2 

CoverJcy Family Por- 
traits, The STEELE .... 8 






General Index. 







Covetousness, how, came 

into the Church 1O 3823 

Cow Charmer, Th'e .... BOYLE ..... 1 264 

Cowshra Mead Macha 7 2757 

Cows, Woman of three 1O 3831 

Cow-sports 2 xii 

Coyle, Barney, duel 

with George Ogle 1 

Bishop 9 


Cox, Watty, D. J. 

O'Donoghue on 6 

Crabbe, the poet, on 

keening 9 

Crabtree (character in 

' School for Scandal ' ) 8 3099 

Craglea. See Brian's 

Cranbourne, Lord, on 
Disraeli 6 2158 

Cravats as worn in Ire- 
land 9 3498 


Credhe, Gael and GREGORY . . 4 1445 

Crede's house, Manner 

of building 4 1612 

'Crescent and the Cross.' WARBURTON. 9 3529 


Criffan 6 2355 

Crimall 4 1449 

Crimean War 8 3008 

Criminality of Letty 
Moore, TJie ESLER . . . 

' Critic, The ' SHERIDAN 

Criticism. See Lite- 
rary Appreciations. 

Critics of the Stage. . ..KELLY .... 5 

Croagh, Patrick 1 

Croft's ' Life of Young,' 

Burke on 1 

Croghan, The Rath of 3 


(portrait) 2 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 6 

MRS. B. M 2 

on Sheridan . 3 

3 1096 
8 3114 





M. F. Egan on 6 

Croker's ' F a i ry Le- 


gends 6 2313 


Cromcruach, the Idol, 7 2718, 2721 

Cromlech at Dundalk 

(half-tone engraving) 7 2666 


Cromwell and Drogheda 1 151 

and Ireland 9 ix 

Hatred of the 

Irish for 4 1530; 6 2150 

in Ireland' MURPHY ... 7 2567 

loosed on Ireland 4 1530 

On me and on my 

children WILLS 93512 

on the massacre at 

Drogheda 7 2568, 2571 

The Queen and. . .WILLS .... 9 3612 

See The Groves of 


jCromwellian confisca- 
tion. The 2 426 

Settlement of Ire- 

land, The ' PRENDERGASTS 2913 

Cromwell's Bridge (half- 
tone engraving) 2 445 


Cromwell s invasion. 
See The Irish 
partition of Ire- 
land 4 3423 

Crookhaven, The scen- 
ery around 7 2852 

Croppy Boy, The McBuRNEY. . 6 2115 

LAD 8 3278 

' Croppy, The ' BANIM 1 76 

, The Irish 6 2108 

Cross at Monasterboice 
(half-tone e n- 

9 3486 

forever 1O 3829 

ign of the, 


Crosses and Round Tow- 

ers of Ireland ....... COOKE and 

WAKEMAN. 9 3482 
Crossing the Black- 

water, A. D. 1603 . . . .JOYCE . . 5 1744 
Crotta Cliach, The 

Mountain of ................... 4 1488 

GROTTY, JULIA ................... 2 758 

Cruachan, the palace of 

Connaught .................... 7 2720 

Cruelties in India ................ 1 385 

Cruiskeen Lawn, The. ..STREET BAL- 

LAD ..... 8 3279 

Crystallization .................. 9 3472 

Cuanna's House, The 

Hospitality of ...... CONNELLAN. 2 629 

Cubretan ........................ 7 2710 

Cuchulain ................ 2 xii; 9 3657 

' - Coming of ..... O'GRADY ... 72756 

Death of ....... GREGORY ... 4 

described ................... 2 

of Muirthemne'. .GREGORY ... 4 

Sagas, The ................. 4 

The Knighting of.O'GRADY ... 7 


Cuchullin Cycle, Tales 

of the .................... 4 1601 

Saga, The' ...... HULL ..... 4 1597 

Cuculain. See Cuchu- 

Cucullan. (See also Cu- 

chulain, Cuculain and 

Cuchullen. ) ................... 4 1609 

Cuckoo Sings '-n the 

Heart of Wimer, Tfte.CHESSON . . 2 591 
Cudgels, Irish .............. 2 496, 607 

Cuhoolin. See Cuchu- 

Cuileagh, The mountain, 

4 cradle of the Shan- 

non ' ......................... 6 2275 

Cfuis dd Pie,' The ..... RAFTERY . . 1O 3917 

Cullain ......................... 4 1443 

Cumann na Gael. The ............. 1O xiii 

Cumberland, Richard, 

Goldsmith on .................. 4 1380 

Cumhal, Father of Finn ............ 4 1447 

Cumscraidh ..................... 4 1617 

Cumulative stories ............ 4 1649 

unlaid ......................... 4 1443 

Curleck, Scenery near ............. 1 360 

Curlew Mountains, The ............ 6 2357 

Curlieu's Pass, The, 

Normans at ....... . ........... 3 829 

Curoi, The Exploits of.. JOYCE .... 5 1749 

Currachs and canoes ............. 5 1740 

Curragh Beg ............... 1 351, 357 

- (half-tone engrav- 

ing) ..................... 9 3458 

2URRAN, HENRY GRATTAN ........... 2 767 

- JOHN P H i L p o T 

(portrait) ................. 2 770 


Irish Literature. 






Curran, John Philpot, 
and Father 

O'Leary 7 2793 

a master in ora- 
tory 7xxviii 

and Grattan con- 
trasted 7 

and Lord Clan- 
morris 1 

Speech for Lord 

Edward Fitz- 
gerald 7 

Speech for Peter 

Finnerty 7 

. Prior of the 

Monks of the 

Screw 5 

Master of the 

Rolls, duel 
with Lord 

Clare 1 

Burke on 7 

Meagher on 6 2422 

secures a writ of 

habeas corpus 

for Tone 7 2606 

Curran' s defense of H. 

Rowan 7 xxiii 

genius described 7 xxiv 

quips beyond re- 
call fl ix 

repartees 6 ix 

Witticisms, Some 

of ' 2 798 

Curse, The CARLETON . . 2 559 

An Irish. See Nell 

Flaherty's Drake. 

of Doneraile, Tfte.O'KELLY .. 7 2779 

of the Boers on 

England, The GREGORY ...1O 3929 

Cursing at a funeral 9 3641 

of Tara, The O'GRADY ... 7 2762 

Cushla gal Machree 8 3271 

Custom, An Old ...'.. ..GRIFFIN ... 4 1481 
Customs and Man- 

The Battle of the 

Factions CARLETON . . 2 472 

The Curse CARLETON . . 2 512 

Shane Fadh's Wed- 
ding CARLETON . . 2 559 

Tim Hogan's TFafce.COYNB 2 648 

Castle Rackrent. ..EDGEWORTH. 3 995 

Books of Courtesy 

in the XV. Cen- 
tury GREEN 4 1417 

We'll See About /t.HALL 4 1534 

An Electioneering 

Scene HARTLEY . . 4 1557 

Food, Dress and 

Daily Life in 

Ancient Ireland.. JOYCE 5 1735 

Their Last Race. ..MATHEW .. 62391 

' A Budget of 

Stories O'KEEFFE . . 7 2771 

Keening and 

Wakes WOOD - MAR- 
TIN 9 3640 

' Customs of Ancient 
Erinn, Manners 

and ' O'CuRRY ... 7 2666 

Scotch 2 754 

Cyclopean style of archi- 
tecture 8 2881 

Cynick, Thomas, and 

Richard Pockrich 7 2701 

D. v 

Daddy O'Dowd, Bouci- 

ault as 

Dagda, The 

Daily Life in Ancient 

Ireland, Food, Dress 

and JOYCE 

Dalcassians, The. See 


Dalkey Island, Essex on 

Bailing, Lord, on 

George Canning 


Dame Street, Dublin 

Dana RUSSELL . . . 

See The Flower. 

Danaanic colony, The 

' Dance light, for my 

heart it lies under 

your feet, love ' WALLER . . . 

Dancing, An Irish Lass. 

See Kitty Neal. 
Dangle (character in 

Sheridan's ' The 


Daniel O'Rourke MAGINN . . . 

Danish Invasion, The. . .' 

Dante's portrait by Gi- 
otto discovered 

through R. H. Wilde 

Dara, King of South 


Darby Doyle's Voyage 

to Quebec ETTINGSALL. 

Dardan. See Bridget 


' Darell Blake ' CAMPBELL. . 

Dark Girl by the Holy 

Well, The KEEGAN . . . 

Man, The CHESSON . . 

Rosaleen. From 

the Irish MANGAN . . . 

(cited) , 

source of my an- 
guish CORRAN . . . 

Darkly, the cloud of 



Darrynacloughery fair 

Darwin C. and Dr. Si- 


on the divine origin 

of life 


Davies, Sir John : let- 
ter to Salis- 

True character 


Tom, the London 




See also The Irish 


and Young Ireland 

Ferguson and 

W. B. Yeats on 



and the Land 


J. H. McCarthy 


1 252 


6 2 

8 2 

6 22i 

9 3501 

8 31] 
6 231 

9 35 

7 274 

2 4' 

5 17( 

6 2J 

2 7( 

9 3( 


9 33] 

8 315 

5 17? 

3 8] 

6 221 

7 241 


3 X2 



(J 22] 

General Index. 


Dawning of the Day, 

The WALSH 9 3507 

of the Year, The. .BLAKE 1 189 


Day as a Monk of the 

Screw 5 1957 

Dazzle (character in 

' London Assurance '). 1 252 

De Boisseleau 8 3324 

De Burghs, W i 1 1 i a m, 
Earl of Ulster, Pro- 
hibition of intermar- 
riage by 3 1179 

De Burgo, Thomas 4 1626 

D'Este, Mary, Queen of 
James II., A lament 

for 2 768 

D'Esterre and O'Con- 

nell 7 2625 

De Foix, Frangoise, Com- 
tesse de Chateaubri- 
and 6 2338 

De Jubainville, M. d'Ar- 

bois 4 1608 

De la Croix, Charles 9 3420 

De Profundis TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3455 
De Retz, Cardinal, Gold- 
smith on 4 1347 

De Tourville, Admiral 7 2823 



on G. Griffin 4 1465 

on Sir Samuel 


poetry 3 

W. B. Yeats on 3 

Dead Antiquary, O'Don- 

ovan, The M'GEE .... 

at ClonmacnoiSj 


heat and windless 

air TYNAN- 

Dean Kirwan, Eloquence 

of 1 

Dean of Lismore's 

Book 8 3139, 

[Dear and Darling Boy. STREET BAL 

LAD 8 

Lady Disdain ' . . MCCARTHY. . 6 

maiden, when the 

sun is down .... WALSH .... 9 

Land O'HAGAN . . 7 

Old Ireland SULLIVAN... 9 

iDearg M6r 

'Deasy, the Fenian 

i leader, Rescue of 7 

(Death,' From 'A Night- 
piece on PARNELL .. 7 

of an Arctic Hero, 


of Cuchulain GREGORY . . 4 

of Dr. Swift, On 

the SWIFT .... 9 

of St. Columcille, 

The HYDE 4 

of the Homeward 

Bound M'GEE .... 6 

of the Huntsman, 

The GRIFFIN ... 4 

of Virginia, The. .KNOWLES .. 4 
The three Shafts 

of 10 

: Decay of Lying, The ' . WILDE 9 

Deception, An Heroic, ..GWYNN ... 4 
















Dechtire 4 1431 

Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, The Amer- 
ican 5 1665; 7 2640 

of Irish Rights GRATTAN . . 4 1387 

See also Moly- 

Decline of the Bards 2 xx 

Decoration Day, May 
31, 1886; J. B. 

O'Reilly's speech 7 2825 

of Crosses in Ire- 
land 9 3485 

Dedanann, Tuatha de 2 xi 

Dedannans, Invasion of 9 vii 


Deep, deep in the earth.McCARTHY.. 6 2172 

in Canadian Woods.SuLLiVAN... 9 3341 

Defense of Charles Oa- 

van Duffy WHITESIDE. 9 3550 

of the V olun - 

teers, A. FLOOD 3 1217 

Deirdre, a name that 

stirs 8 

and Naisi JOYCE 5 

in the Woods (half- 
tone engraving) .TRENCH ... .9 

the renowned 4 

the sad-eyed 7 

The Story of 1O 

memorized 3 

' Wed ' TRENCH ... 9 

' and other 

Poems' TRENCH ... 9 

De Jubainville, A., on 

Irish MSS , ... 2 

His Work for Cel- 
tic literature 2 

Delany, Mrs., Letters of. 5 

Delights of ignorance 3 

Democracy, American 

faith in .j. 1 

Problems of Mod- 
ern GODKIN ... 4 

Demon Cat, The WILDE .... 9 


W. B. Yeats on 3 

Dennis was hearty when 

Dennis was young. . . SKRINE ... 8 

Denon, Baron, and the 

Princess Talleyrand 1 

Dependence on England 9 

Derby, Lord, on dises- 
tablishment of the 
Irish Church 6 

' Derga, The Bruidhen 

da' 4 

Dermot, The thankful- 
ness Of P. O'LEARY..1O 

and Ruadhan 7 

Astore CRAWFORD . . 2 

Derrick, D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on the wit of 6 

Derry, Dean of 4 

Reminiscences of 6 

The Maiden City 9 

The Siege of ALEXANDER.. 1 

(reference) 9 

watered by Lough 

Neagh 6 

Derrybrien, Mary Hynes 

at 9 

Derrycarn, The black- 
bird of 7 

Derrynane House (half- 
tone engraving) 4 

Desaix, General 9 



























Irish Literature. 



See Travel, etc. 
of the Sea. From 

the Irish O'CURBT ... 7 2664 

' Desert is Life' BROOKE .... 1 300 

Deserted Cabins (half- 
tone engraving) ??! 

Deserted Village, The. .GOLDSMITH. 4 1367 
Deserter's Meditation, 

The CURBAN .... 2 796 

Desmond. See O'Don- 

nell Aboo. 
Spenser in the 

palace of ** ^ ' " 

Waste, The 9 3302 

Despair and Hope in 

Prison DAVITT .... 3 837 

Destruction of fortified 

places 2 xii 

of Irish MSS 2 xi 

by Norse 2 viii 

of Jerusalem, Irish 

version of the 7 2672 

of Troy, Irish ver- 
sion of the 7 2672 

Detail, Minute, in the 

Sagas 2 xv 

De Tocqueville on Amer- 
ica 4 1295 

' Deus meus.' From the 

Irish of Maelisu SIGERSON .. 8 3140 

Devenish, Ruins of an 

old Abbey, at 6 2276 

The lake of. See 


Devil, The YEATS 9 3673 

Devotion of children to 

parents in Ire- 
land 6 2197 

of Irishmen abroad 

to Ireland 7 2618 

'Diamond Lens, The '.. O'BRIEN ... 7 2594 
Diaries, Journals, etc. 
Interviews with 

Buonaparte TONE 9 3418 

Journal of a Lady 

of Fashion BLESSING- 
TON 1 193 

Macaulay and Ba- 
con MITCHEL .. 62444 

Rhapsody on 

Ruins, A MITCHEL .. 6 2454 

Diarmid (see also A Lay 

of Ossian and 

Patrick) 7 2753 

servant of St. Col- 

umcille 4 1618 

O'Duibhne. See 

The Hospitality 

of Cuanna's 

' Diary, Leaves from a 

Prison ' DAVITT. 3 832, 837 

Dick Wildgoose 4 1347 

Dickens, Charles ; E. 

Dowden on 3 873 

describes speech of 

O'Connell's 7 xxvi 

Did I stand on the top 

of bald Nefln? 1O 3777 

ye hear of the 

Widow Malone?. LEVER 5 1999 

Diddler, Jeremy (char- 
acter in ' Raising the 
Wind') . 5 1805 


Dillon, Father Domi- 
nick, slain at 

Drogheda 7 2573 

T., and the Land 

League 9 xi 


OF ROSCOMMON 8 2981 j 

Dimma's Book 7 26711 

Dineley, T., on funeral 

customs 9 3642) 

Dingle, County Cork, 

An amusing story of 6 21991 

D i N E E N , REV. PAT- 
RICK S 1O 3959, 4025? 

Dinner Party Broken 

Up, A LEVER 5 19725 

Dinnree, Wax candles 
used in, before the 

V. Century B 1 737' 

Dinnseanchus, The 4 1611; G 2667^ 

Dirge of O'Sullivan 
Bear. From the 

Irish CALLANAN . 2 445^ 

of Rory O'More. . . DE VERB . . 3 85 

Disabilities of the 
Roman Catho- 

Women in Ireland 

in Penal Days. ..ATKINSON... 1 

Farewell to the 

Irish ParZiatnentCuRRAN ... 2 
On Catholic Eman- 
cipation CURRAN ... 2 

The True Friends 

of the Poor and 

the Afflicted .... DOYLE .... 3 

The Irish Intellect. GILES .... 4 

The Penal Laws. . .MCCARTHY. . 6 

Justice for JreZand.O'CoNNELL. . 7 

Ireland's Part in 

English Achieve- 
ment SHEIL .... 8 

Disarming of Ulster, 

The CURRAN ... 2 

Disestablishment of the 

Irish Church 9 

Movement for the 6 

Disillusion WILKINS . . 9 

Dispute with Carlyle, A.DUFFY 3 

Disqualification of Cath- 
olics, On the Injus- 
tice of GRATTAN . . 4 

Disraeli, Lord Cran- 

bourne on 6 21 

' Dissenchas Tracts, 

The ' 4 li 

Dissensions in Ireland 2 789 ; 9 

Distances of the Stars, 

The BALL 1 

Distilling. Illicit 1 46; 2 

'Divide, The Great '.. .DUNRAVEN . 3 

Divinities of the Irish 7 

Divorce, Singular man- 
ner of 7 

Dixon. a Choctaw O'REILLY .. 7 

W. Mac Neile, on 

Sir Aubrey de 
Vere's ' Mary 

Tudor' 3 

on Aubrey T. de 

Vere's poetry 3 

on E. Dowden's 

verse 3 

Do you remember, long 
ago FURLONG . . . 4 ] 

General Index. 



Dobson, Austin, on Wil- 
liam Congreve 2 

Dodder, The ; threat to 
divert its stream 
from Dublin 7 


W. B. Yeats on 3 

Donaghmoore, Round 

Towers at 9 

Donal Kenny CASEY .... 2 

Donald and His Neigh- 
bors ANONYMOUS. 3 

' Donall-na-Glanna.' See D. LANE. 
Donane, Voters from, at 

a Ballynakill election 1 

Donegal Fairy, A MACLINTOCK 6 

Far Darrig in . . . .MAGLINTOCK 6 

Fishing at Lough 

Columb in 4 

Humors of MACMANUS . 6 

parishes 4 

Tale, A 6 

The Franciscan 

monastery of 1 

The Irish Gaelic 

In 6 

The mountains of. 

See Innishoiven. 

Doneraile, The Curse of.O'IvELLY ... 7 

Donnach Cromduibh 7 

Donn of the Sand 

Mounds 7 

Donnbo, or Donnban 7 

'Donnelly and Cooper' 8 

Donnybrook Fair 2 

The Humors of. . .O'FLAHERTY. 7 

Donoughmore, Lord, tra- 
duced in The Dublin 
Journal 7 

Donovans, The FAHY 3 

Dorinda (character in 
'The Beaux' Strata- 
gem ') 3 

Dorothy Monroe, the 
famous beauty. See 
The Haunch of Ven- 

D'Orsay and Byron 6 

DOTTIN, G., The Red 
Duck 1O 

Douglas, Dr., Canon of 

i * Windsor 4 


on Sir S. Fergu- 
son's poetry 3 

W. B. Yeats on 3 

MEW 3 


Edited poems of 

J. F. O'Don- 

nell 7 

Down. See The Muster 

of the North. 
The majestic moun- 
tains of 6 

by the salley gar- 
dens ' YEATS .... 9 

also note to An 

Heroic Deception) 3 



Downpatrick 3 

DOYLE, JAMES 1O 3375, 

J. (biography) 1O 





























DOYLE, J. W., duel with 

Hely Hutchinson 1 143 

MARY 1O 3875, 3887 

Draherin O Machree. . ..HOGAN .... 4 1593 

Drake, J. R., in prison 9 3330 

Drama., The. 

Mr. Mawworm . . . BICKERSTAFP 1 182 

Lady Gay Span&er.BouciCAULT. 1 252 

Gone to Death BROOKE ... 1 288 

Scene from ' Cati- 
line ' CROLY .... 2 747 

She Stoops to Con- 
quer GOLDSMITH. 4 1348 

The Counterfeit 

Footman FARQUHAR . 3 1165 

The Lost Saint. . . HYDE 4 1651 

The Twisting of 

the Rope 1O 3989 

Mr. Diddler's WayslvENNEY ... 5 1805 

The Death of Vir- 
ginia KNOWLES . . 5 1847 

How to Get On in 

the World MACKLIN ... 6 2237 

The End of a 

Dream MARTYN ... 6 2385 

How to Fall Out. .MURPHY . . 7 2564 

Mrs. Malaprop . . . SHERIDAN . 8 3078 

Bob Acres' Duel. . SHERIDAN . 8 3088 

Auctioning off 

One's Relatives. SHERIDAN . 8 3105 

The Scandal Class 

Meets SHERIDAN . 8 3099 

Sir Fretful Plagi- 
ary's Play SHERIDAN . 8 3114 

The Queen and 

Cromwell WILLS 9 3612 

Cathleen Ni Hooli- 

han YEATS 9 3688 

Drama in Ireland, Lady 

Gregory on 1O xxvi 

The Irish GWYNN . . . 1O xiii 

Dramatic criticism 5 1782 

Revival, Irish lo vii 

Society, The Irish 

National 1O xiii 

' Drapier, Letters, The ' SWIFT 9 3369 

Drawing Room in Dub- 
lin Castle, A 1 246,2203 

Dream, A ALLINGHAM . 1 21 

of a Blessed Spirit.YKA.TS 9 3706 

The Age of a JOHNSON . . 5 1699 

The End of a MARTYN ... 6 2385 


JR., WILLIAM 3 928 

' Dreoilin ' See FRANCIS A. 



In Africa 2 418 

In ancient Ireland 5 1737 

In the XVII. Cen- 
tury 1 33 

Kathleen Mavour- 

neen (half-tone 
engraving) .... 

Of an Irish chief- 
tain 7 

Of ancient Irish 

(color plate) 8 

Of Fergus Mac 

Roy 7 

Of Grana Uaile 7 

Of Irish women 1 

7 2544, 2547 

Of Munster women 1 

Of Queen Maeve 7 

Of the ancient 

Irish 3 

2 658 






Irish Literature. 

Dress of the Ancient 


Of the Bards (color 


Of the Ollamhs 


3hane the 



See also 


Drimin Donn Dilis WALSH 9 

Dubh 2 

Driminuch, The wood of 4 1643, 

Drimmin don dills, The 7 

Dubh Dheelish . . . STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

Drink, Evils of 6 

Drinking, Of FLECKNOE. . 3 

Song SHERIDAN . 8 

Dripsey stream, The 1 

Drogheda ; Cromwell au- 
thor of the mass- 
acre at 6 

Crosses at 9 

(half-tone engrav- 

in) 1 

Lawrence's Gate 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 7 

Parliament held 

before Sir Chris- 
topher Preston at 7 

The Marquis of 1 

The Massacre at . BARRY .... 1 

The Massacre at. MURPHY .. 7 

Dromoland, County 
Clare (half-tone en- 
graving) 7 

Dromsdeach, The Book 

of 2 

Dromsnechta, The Book 

of 7 

Drover, A COLDM .... 2 

Druidical order, Cos- 
tume of (color plate) 8 

Druidism, Sources of 7 

Druids and Druidism. .O'CURRY .. 7 

Julius Caesar on 

the 7 

The ancient Irish 5 

Drumclieff 6 

Drumgoole 5 



Drunkard to a Bottle of 

Whisky, Address of oLE FANU . . 5 
'Dry be that tear '.... SHERIDAN . 8 

Dryden on R. Flecknoe 3 

Dubhdun, King of Oriel 4 

Dubhlacha 4 


A new student at 

Trinity College 5 

Beautiful view of, 

from Killiney 

Hill 7 

Castle, A Drawing 

Room in 1 

On DOWLINQ . . 3 

' History of the 

City of GILBERT ... 4 

in the XVIII. Cen- 
tury LECKY .... 5 

Journal, The, 

O'Connell on 7 

Life, Jane: A 

Sketch from . . . COSTELLO . . 2 
Hagasine, 1825 3 




























Dublin. Neighborhood, 

A ....................... 2 

- News-letter, The ............. 5 

- Printers, The 

Prince of ...... GILBERT . . 4 1258 

- Red Hugh impris- 

oned in ................... 2 035 

- Satire on .................. 6 2107 

- Society formed to 

Increase the 

price of meat in ............ 7 2033 

- Street Arabs, 

Three ......... HARTLEY . . 4 1568 

- The Apostle of 

Temperance {W..MATHEW .. G 2397 

- theaters ................... 5 1920 

- Thomas Cynick's 

attempt to con- 
vert the people 
of ....................... 7 2701 

- University ................. 5 1914 

- University Review ............ 3 1150 

- See Daniel O'Connell and Biddy 

Moriarty; The Gray Fog; The 

Monks of the Screw; and 

Tried by his Peers. 
Dubourg, the violinist ............ 5 1919 

Dubthach ....................... 4 1430 

Due de Feltre (General 

Clarke) ...................... 4 1589 

Duel between D'Esterre 

and O'Connell .............. 7 2625 

- O'Connell chal- 

lenged by Sir R. 

Peel ..................... 7 2625 

Duel with Ensign 

Brady. Bob Burke' sMAGixy ... 6 2303 

- Anecdotes of ............... 1 141 

- Bagenal on ................. 3 817 

- Code ...................... 1 148 

- See An Affair of Honor and 

The Battle of the Factions. 

trait) .................... 3 932 

- LORD ...................... 3 937 

DUFFET, THOMAS ................ 3 948 


GAVAN .................. 3 950 

- and Repeal ................. 9 x 

- and ' Young Ire- 

land ' .................... 9 xi 

- Edward ......... ROSSA ..... 8 2983 

- In Defense of 

Charles Oavan . .WHITESIDE. 9 3550 

- in Prison. ..3 811; G 2128, 2129, 2220 

- in Prison, To ____ M'GEE ---- 6 2220 

- on faction fight at 

Turloughmore ............. 9 3316 

- on T. Furlong .............. 4 1244 

- on Gerald Griffin ............. 4 1465 

- on J. C. Mangan ............ G 2351 


ography) ................. 104011 

- Translation from 

the Irish of ............... 3 1188 

Duigenan, Dr., at the 

College visitation ........... 9 3516 

- duel with a bar- 

rister .................... 1 143 

Duke of Grafton, To ^FRANCIS ... 3 1228 
Dullahan, The, described ........... 3 

Dun Angus, A visit to 

the .......................... 8 xii 

Dunbolg, The Battle of. HYDE ..... 4 1622 

Dunboy, The storming of ........... 7 2744 

General Index. 


Bunbwv, The Girl of. .DAVIS 8 829 

Dun Cow, Book of the 4 1600 

Dundalk 2 639 

Cromlech at (half- 
tone engraving) 7 2666 

Dnndargvais 3 931 

Dundealgan 4 1427 

Dundrum 7 2715 

Dnnfanaghy. See An Heroic Decep- 
tion and The Phantom Ship. 

Dunlin, Garrett 7 2570 

Dungannon 2 639, 786 

DunJccrron,TheLordof.CROTiER ... 2 736 
Dnnleckny, Bagenal at 

home at 3 817 

Dunluce 4 1255 

Castle (color 

plate) OTWAY ... 7 2853 

The ruins of 6 2278 


Lord, on Round 

Towers 9 3490 

Durrow, The Book of 7 2671 

Gospels, Orna- 
ments . and initials 

from (color plate) 4 1620 

Dursey Island 6 2314 

' Dust Hath Closed 

Helen's Eye ' YEATS 9 3666 

Duties of a Representa- 
tive, The BURKE .... 1 394 

Duty of Criticism in a 

Democracy, The ....GODKIN ... 4 1290 

Duvac Dael Ulla 7 2751 

Dying Girl, The WILLIAMS . 9 3609 

Mother's Lament, 

The KEEGAN ... 5 1764 


Each nation master at 

its own fireside. INGRAM ... 5 1661 
poet with a differ- 
ent talent ROLLESTON. . 8 2981 

Eagle of Cashel, The 4 1591 

Eamania, The palace of 9 3493 

Eanachbuidhe (Rose- 
brook) 6 2277 

4 Earl of Essex, The '..BROOKE ... 1 288 
1 Early Christian Archi- 
tecture ' STOKES ... 8 3238 

humor of Irish 

Celts 6 vii 

Irish Literature . . HYDE 2 vii 

Irish satirists 6 vii 

Stage, The MALONE ... 6 2346 

Earrennamore 6 2393 

I Earth and Man, The.. BROOKE ... 1 299 

Spirit, The RUSSELL . . 8 2996 

' Ease often visits shep- 
herd swains LYSAGHT . . 6 2109 

j East India Company 1 373, 383 

West, Home's bestO'PAKKELLY.lO 3967 
' Eire, The Fair Hills. of.SiGERSON ..1O 3937 
! E c c L E s , CHARLOTTE 

O'CpNOR 3 967 

Ecclesiastical Property, 

Confiscation of 9 3391 

Remains, Ancient 

Irish' PETRIE ....82880 

1 Echo, The HAYES 1O 3983 

'Echtge Hills, The 4 3669 

Economics and So- 

Extracts from ' The 

Querist ' BERKELEY . 1 177 



1 331 

1 343 

3 919 

4 1573 

7 2620 

Economics and So- 

National Charac- 
teristics as Mold- 
ing Public Opin- 
ion BRYCE . 

Position of Women 

in the United 

States BRYCE . 

The True Friends 

of the Poor and 

the Afflicted .... DOYLE . 

A Scene in the 

Irish Famine . . HIGGINS 

Amusements of the 

People O'BRIEN . 

Edain 7 2667 

Eden, Mr 4 1403 


(portrait) 3 993 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii ; 8 ix 


Edgeworthtown, County 
Longford, home of R. 
L. Edgeworth 3 1073 

Edinburgh reviewer, 

Macaulay an 6 2444 

Editorial work on 



Childhood in An- 
cient Greece ...MAHAFFY .. 6 2329 

Gaelie Movement, 

The PLUNKETT . 8 2908 

in America 1 334 

in Ireland 1 34 

Irish as a Spoken 

Language HYDE 4 1603 

Irish Intellect, TTieGiLES 4 1280 

not completed 

without a duel 1 145 

of the Catholic 

Irish 4 1283 

Plea for the Study 

of Irish, A O'BRIEN ... 7 2614 

The Board of Na- 
tional 4 1603, 1609 

Greek <j 2328 

Edward I., removal of 
the Jacob's Stone 
to London 7 2718 

Duffy ROSSA .... 8 2983 


(portrait) 3 1080 

on Irish novels 5 vii 

Egan's Duel with Roger 

Barrett 1 142 

Eglinton, John. . . . See WILLIAM K. 

Egypt 7 2512. 2537 

Burton on 2 409 

Eighteenth Century, 
Children's read- 
ing in the 3 1073 

Dress in the 1 33 

Dublin in the LECKY 5 1914 

' Eighty-Five Years of 

Irish History' DAUNT. 3 811, 817 

Eileen Aroon FURLONG .. 4 1251 

GRIFFIN ...41509 

Eirenach See DOHENY. 

Eiric, Bishop, and Brig- 
it 8 3256 

' El Medinah and Mecca, 

Pilgrimage to ' BURTON ... 2 408 


Irish Literature. 


'Elder Faiths of Ire- 

land, Traces of the ' . WO^OD-MAR- ^ 

Election incident at Bal- 

lynakill ...................... * 

Electioneering in Eng- 

land ..................... 2 

- In Ireland. See An Irish Mis- 

take and Castle Rackrent. 

- Scene, An ...... HARTLEY . . 4 

Elections of 1868, The ............ 6 

Elegy, An, on Madam 

Biaize ............ GOLDSMITH. 4 

' Elfintown, The End 

of ............... BARLOW ... 1 

Elizabeth, Queen. 

- and Grana Uaile ............. 7 

- and Granua Wail ............ 1O 

- and Hugh Roe 

O'Donnell ................ 2 

- and Ireland ........ 7 2745; 9 

- and Sir Walter Ra- 

leigh ..................... 3 

- and the Earl of 

Essex .................... 1 

_ and the Stage ............... 6 

_ Ireland under ...... 8 3266; 1O 

- Players during the 

reign of ................. 6 

Ellis, Mr., on Poetry ............. 9 

Elopements ..................... 2 


- Irish ...................... 4 

- Pulpit, Bar and 

Parliamentary. .. HARRINGTON. 1 

- Last Speech of 

Robert Emmet. .EMMET .... 3 

- See Oratory. 

Elrington the actor .............. 5 

" Elzevir, The Oaken- 

f o o t e d." See G. 

Emain ......................... 4 

- Macha ..................... 7 

Emancipation and Re- 

form ..................... 8 

- Catholic ............ 2 773; 6 

- Lincoln's procla- 

mation of ................. 5 

- On Catholic ..... CURRAN ... 2 
Emer, Wife of Cuchu- 

lain .................... 4 1426, 

4 Emerald Isle, The '.See DRENNAN. 

' Emergency Men, The '..TESSOP .... 5 

Emerson and Newman . MDLLANEY . 7 

- on folk tales ................ 3 

Emigrant in America, 

The Song of the 

Irish .......... FITZSIMON.. 3 1206 

- Lament of the 

Irish .......... DUFFERIN . 3 

Emigrants, Character ofKiCKHAM .. 5 

- ' I'm very happy 

where I am '. . .BOUCICADLT. 1 257 

- A Scene in the 

South of Ireland. BUTT ..... 2 
-- Donal Kenny . . , .CASEY .... 2 

- Lament of the 

Irish Emigrant. .DUFFERIN . 3 

- Terence's FaretoeHDuFFERiN . 3 

- The Exile's JJefwrnLocKE ---- 5 

- A Memory ...... MACALEESE. 6 

- The Passing of the 

Gael .......... MACMANDS . . 6 

- The Exile ,,,,,, , MOORE .... 7 






























The I rishm an's 

Farewell ANONYMOUS. 8 

Song of an Exile 7 

The Exodus WILDE .... 9 

A Farewell to 

America WILDE .... 9 

' Eminent Irishmen in 

Foreign Service ' ... ONAHAN ... 7 

Emmet, Robert 3 

(portrait) 3 

absent from col- 
lege visitation 9 

Death of CAMPION . . 2 

expelled from 

University 9 

first against 

Union 9 

Lord Norbury at 

the trial of 3 

Plunket prosecu- 
tor of 8 

secretary of 

United Irish- 
men , 9 

The betrothed of 7 

See A Song of Defeat and 

When He Who Adores Thee. 

Thomas Addis 6 

' Emotions, An Essay on 

the ' COBBE . . 

En Attendant WYNNE . 

Enchanted Woods YEATS .. 

Enchantment of Gea- 

roidh larla KENNEDY 

End of a Dream, The. .MARTYN 
Elfintown, The ' . BARLOW 

Engine-Shed, In the. . .WILKINS. . 9 

England and Ireland. . .BRYCE .... 1 

and the American 

war 4 

cannot govern Ire- 
land 8 

Enlisting in 1 

' History of .... LECKY .... 5 

in Shakespeare's 

Youth DOWDEN . . 3 

The Curse of the 

Boers on ( Trans. ) GREGORY . . 1O 

England's Battles fought 

by Irishmen 9 

Empire 9 

' Parliament, Ire- 
land's Cause in '.MCCARTHY.. 6 

English Academy, The. BANIM ... 1 

Achievement, Ire- 
land's Part in . . SHEIL 8 

Bribery by the 2 

Buck 1 

Bull, An 3 

Constitution, On.. CANNING ... 2 

freedom 2 

indebtedness to 

Irish literature 2 

institutions satir- 
ized 9 

' Misrule and Irish 

Misdeeds ' DE VERB . . 3 

of the Pale, The 9 

Irish writers in, in 


Centuries 1 

Engus 2 

Enlightened ty a Cow- 
(Stealer 7 


















General Index. 



Enlisting In England 1 

Bnna 5 

Ennis 7 

Enniscorthy 1 

Ennishowen WINGFIELD. . 9 

Enniskillen 7 

Ensign Epps, the Color- 
bearer O'REILLY . . 7 

Eochaidh Airemh, King 

of Erinn 7 

Epilogue to Fand LABMINIE . 5 

\Epitaph on Doctor Par- 

nell GOLDSMITH . 4 

on Edward PwrdonGoLDSMiTH. 4 

Ere, Son of Cairbre 4 

Erectheum of Athens 6 


Erin DRENNAN . . 3 

History of the Il- 
lustrious Women 

of 1 

The Buried Forests 

Of MlLLIGAN . . 6 

-Manners and Cus- 
toms of Ancient '.O'CuHRY ... 7 
The Old Books of.O'CuRRY ... 7 
Erin's Lament for 

O'Connell 8 

( (Erne, Lord 7 

The 6 2354, 2363, 

TJrrigal 6 

Srskine, Lord, Sheridan 

on 8 

Erwin, Bishop, of Kil- 

lala 6 

Escape of Hugh Roe, . .CONNELLAN. 2 

Essay on Irish Bulls ' . EDGEWORTH. 3 





















on the Emotions '.COBBB .... 2 

on the State of Ire- 

land in 1720 TONa 9 3415 

on Translated 

Verse, From tfte.RoscoMMON. 8 2981 

[Essays ' WISEMAN . . 9 3627 

.Essays and Studies. 

True Pleasures . . BERKELEY . 1 174 

The View from 

Honeyman's fltZJ. BERKELEY . 1 176 

A Gentleman .... BROOKE ... 1 -285 

The Preternatural 

in Fiction BURTON ... 1 404 

The Contagion of 

Love COBBE 2 605 

Despair and Hope 

in Prison DAVITT .... 3 837 

The Originality of 

Irish Bulls Ex- 
amined EDGEWORTH. 3 1055 

The Gentleman in 
Blade, GOLDSMITH. 4 1317 

Advice to the La- 
dies GOLDSMITH . 4 1322 

Beau Tibbs GOLDSMITH. 4 1326 

Liberty in EnglandGoi.vsM.iTii . 4 1331 
The Love of 

Freaks GOLDSMITH. 4 1334 

The Worship of 
Pinchbeck HeroesGOLDSMiTH. 4 1338 

Whang and his> 
Dream of Dia- 
monds GOLDSMITH. 4 1341 

The Lore of Quack 
Medicines GOLDSMITH. 4 1343 

and Studies. 

Happiness and 

Good-Nature ...GOLDSMITH 

Mountain TheologyGnEGOit? . . 

Ireland, Visible and 

Invisible JOHNSTON . 

A Quiet Irish TaZfcKEELiNG .. 

Moral and Intel- 
lectual Differ- 
ences betioeen the 
Sexes LECKY . . . . 

What is the Rem- 
nant? MAGEE 

The Irish in Amer- 
ica O'BRIEN . . . 

Monotony and the 

Lark RUSSELL . . 

Sir Roger and the 

Widow STEELE . . . . 

The Coverley Fam- 
ily Portraits . . . STEELE 

The Art of Pleas- 

The Story of Yor- 

ick STERNE . . . . 

The Story of L& 

Fevre STERNE . . . . 

' Dust Hath Closed 

Helen's Eye ' . . YEATS 

Village Ghosts . . YEATS 

Enchanted Woods. YEATS .. 


4 1345 
4 1455 


5 1920 

6 2292 

7 2617 

8 3005 
8 3198 
8 3203 
8 3206 
8 3213 

8 3220 

9 3666 
9 3673 
9 3679 

1 288 

Essex, The Earl of. . . .BROOKE .... 

(reference) 7 2744 

"Essex-street, The 

Wooden man in " 4 1259 

Esthetic sensibility of 

Pagan Irish 2 xviil 

' Ethelstan ' BARLEY ... 2 809 

Ethical content of an- 
cient Irish literature 8 2973 

Ethnic legends of Ire- 
land 9 vll 


O'Donoghue on 6 xiv 

Eulogy of Washington . PHILLIPS .. 8 2891 

Europe, Irish scholars 

in 9 3395 

European literature, 

Ireland's influence on 4 vll 

Evangelistarium of St. 

Moling, The 7 2671 

Evening Hymn, The ... TRENCH ... 9 3437 

Evensong ROLLESTON. 8 2977 

Events of 1798, The 6 2229 

Ever eating SWIFT 9 3389 

Eviction, An BARLOW ... 1 

Evolution, Doctrine of 9 


Sir J. Herschel on 5 1787 

of Species 6 1786 

Execution of Lady Jane 

Grey 3 851 


The Manchester 

martyrs 7 2607 

' The Night before 
Larry was 

stretched ' 9 3308 

' Trust to luck ' 9 3319 

Exile, The MOORE 7 2483 

Song of an ORR 7 2840 

The Irish MCDERMOTT. 6 2189 

Exile's Christmas Song, 
The Kilkenny KBNEALY ... 5 1788 


Irish Literature. 


Exile's Return, or Morn- 
ing on the Irish 

Coast, The LOCKE 5 

Exiles, Our SULLIVAN .. 9 

Exodus, The WILDE 9 

The Great 4 xii ; 9 

Expeditions 2 

Exploits of Curoi, The. JOYCE .... 5 
Exports and Imports, 

Irish 9 

Extract from the ' Jour- 
nal to Stella ' . . SWIFT . . 

from the Life of 

Brigit. From the 

Irish STOKES . 

Extracts -from a Letter 

to a Nolle Lord. BURKE . . 

The Querist . . .BERKELEY 

Extraordinary Phenom- 
enon, An IRWIN . . 



9 3378 

8 3246 


5 1669 


F. M. Allen See DOWNEY. 

Fabian Dei Franchi . . WILDE 9 3593 

Society, The 8 3035 

Facetious Irish Peer, A.DAUNT 3 811 

Facsimile of first Irish 

newspaper 4 1258 

title page of first 

book printed in 

Gaelic in Ireland 7 2941 

Facsimiles. See ' Irish 
MSS. Illuminated.' 
1 Irish MSS.' 'Ancient 
Irish MSS.' 

Faction Fight, The MATHBW . . 6 2391 

Factories and Work- 
shops Bill of 1878 6 

Faery Fool, The CHESSON . . 2 

Song, A YEATS 9 




Famt are the breezes. .DOWNING .. 3 
Faintly as tolls the eve- 
ning chime MOORE .... 7 2540 

Fair Amoret has gone 

astray CONGREVB . 2 614 

An Irish Pig (half- 
tone engraving) 7 2484 

Hills of Eire, The. 

From the 
Irish of Mac 
Conmara . . SIGERSON ..1O 3937 

From the Irish 

of Mac Con- 
mara MANGAN ... 6 2378 

of Ireland, The 

(half-tone en- 
graving) ....FERGUSON . 3 1185 
Rent, fixity of ten- 
ure, and fair sale 

(the ' Three F's) 6 2179 

Fairest! put on awhile. MOORE .... 7 2529 
Fail-head, or Benmore 6 2278 


or No Fairies CROKER ... 2 


The Flitting of tfceBARLOW . .. 1 

The history of the 

Sidhe . 9 





Fairy, A Donegal MACLINTOCK 6 

and Folk Tales, 

Irish WELSH .... 3 xvii 

and Folk Tales of 

Ireland ANONYMOUS. 3 1136 


Fairy Brugh of Slieve- 

namon, The 8 2971 

Court, The DARLEY ... 2 809> 

Fiddler, The CIIESSON . . 2 593! 

Gold TODHUNTER. 9 341W 

Greyhound, The ..ANONYMOUS. 3 1154] 

' Legends and Tra- 
ditions ' CROKER. 2 695. 73Q 

Poetry 3 xx 

Shoemaker, The 

Leprecaun or ... ALLINGHAM. 1 20i 

' Tales, Irish ' . . .LEAMY 5 189ff| 

importance of, 

to Irish-Ameri- 
cans 3 

Tales. See Folk 

The Selfish Giant 9 

The Story of 

Childe Charity 1 

Faith of a Felon, The. .LALOR 5 1J 

' Faiths of Ireland ' . . . WOOD-MAR- 
TIN 9 3( 

Falls of Killarney, The 

(half-tone engraving) 5 181 

Fallen, Squire 1 1< 


and the Plague In 

Ireland, The 1 

A Lay of the .... STREET BAL- 

A Scene in the. . ..KEARY .... 5 

A Scene in the 

Irish HIGGINS . . 4 

Drimin Donn Dills 9 

The great 6 

of 1879, The 

of 1845, The 9 

Year, The (half- 
tone engraving) .WILDE .... 9 35' 

Fand, Epilogue to LARMINIE . 5 t8' 

Fannet. See Jamie Freel 
and the Young Lady 
and Rambling Remi- 

Far are the Gaelic 

tribes M'GBH 6 221f 

Darrig, The WELSH. 3 xvii, 

in Donegal M A c L I N;- 

TOCK .... 6 

Farewell, A SIGBRSON .. 8 

Gorta, The 3 

the gray loch runs.TRENCH ... 9 

Far-Away SIGERSON . . 8 

Fareicell SULLIVAN . . 9 

but whenever you 

welcome the 

hour MOORE .... 7 

my more than fa 

therland WILDE 9 35J 

the doom Is 

spoken SIGERSON . . 8 

to America, A . . . .WILDE .... 9 

to the Irish Par- 
liament CURRAN ... 2 

Farm life in Ireland 4 

Farmer in Ireland, The 4 


Farran, Miss, Sheridan 

on 8 

Far-Shee, The. See 

Fate of Frank M'Kenna, 


Father Connell' BANIM 1 

General Index. 



Father Gilllgan, The 

Ballad of YEATS 9 3702 

Lalor is Prowoted.BLUNDELL . 1 225 

. O'Flynn GRAVES .... 4 1412 

. O ; Leary, Some An- 
ecdotes of 7 2793 

Prout See MAHONY. 

. personalities of G ix 

Faulkner, George 4 1258 ; 5 1918 

Feasts : 2 xii 

Ffiis, The, of Tara 4 1611 ; 5 1738 

Feithfailge MACMANUS.. 6 2269 

Felire Aengusa (the 

Festology of Aengus) 7 2673 

Felon, The Faith of O..LALOK .... 5 1855 
' Felon-setting,' S t e - 

phens' article on 7 2799 

Fena, The 5 1722 

The Last of the .. JOYCE 5 1714 

Fencing with the small- 
sword 1 147 

Fenian Brotherhood, 

The 9 xi 

Cycle, The 2 xi 

movement, Poets 

of the. W. B. 

Yeats on 3 xi 

1 Fenian Movement, The. 

The Irish Church .. MCCARTHY . 6 2148 
A Young Ireland 

Meeting 6 2180 

Why Parnell Went 

into Politics O'BRIEN ... 7 2607 

Charles KicJfJiam 

and ( The Irish 

People ' 7 2798 

The Irishman's 

Farewell ANONYMOUS. 8 3287 

Fenian Nights' Enter- 
tainments, The ' McCALL ... 6 2117 

('Fenians and Fenianism, 

Recollections of ....O'LEARY .. 7 2798 

Feral, The Lake of 6 2276 

Fera-Ros, The King of 7 2708 

Ferghal, King 7 2709 

[Fergus, Son of a Noble 

Sire 2 804 

Son of Flaithri 4 1624 

The wars of 5 1705 


(portrait) 3 1168 

- (reference) 6 2219 

M. F. Egan on 5 xiv 

Sir H. Plunkett on 8 2911 

W. B. Yeats on 3 x 

^Ferguson's Speech on 

Robert Burns FERGUSON . 3 1170 

Fermoy, an adventure 

at 7 2730 

' The Book of B 1724 

Wern, The M ountain . . . GEOGHEGHAN 4 1255 
Ferocity in Irish hu- 

j mor <5 xl 

i' Festologv of Aengus ' 7 2673 

of C a t h a 1 Ma- 

guire, The ' 7 2674 

Feudal tenure. The 7 2862 

Feuqui&res, Marquise de 2 677 

iFews Mountains in Ar- 

! magh, The 2 639 

iFiacha Mac Hugh 

(O'Byrne) 2 636 

Son of Conga 4 1453 

fFianna, The. . 4 1447, 1524 ; 6 2231 ; 7 2755 

After the. From 

Oisin SIGERSON . . 8 3139 


Fiction. All works of fiction, 
short stories, etc., are in- 
dexed under their titles and 
the authors' names. 

The Preternatural 

in BURTON ... 2 404 

' Fictions of the Irish 

Celts, Legendary' ...KENNEDY .. 5 1796 
1799, 1801, 1803 

Fielding, The humor of 3 873 

Fifteenth Century, 
Books of Courtesy in 

the GREEN 4 1417 

Figaro, The Novel in 

the O'MEARA . . 7 2805 

Fight of the "Arm- 
strong " Privateer . . ROCHE 8 2961 

Fighting Race, The CLARKE ... 2 598 

Files (fillas) in Ancient 

Ireland 2 xviii 

Fin. See Finn. 

Fineen the Rover JOYCE . . . . 8 1743 

Finegas, the poet of the 

Boinn 4 1449 

Fingal, Lord, O'Connell 

on 7 2635, 2640 

Finley, Michael. See 
note to Phaudrig Cro- 
Finn, The Coming of. . .GREGORY . . 4 1447 

or F i o n n , mac 

Cumhail or Mac- 
Cool, Glory of 4 1524 

and his people 2 630 

and the Fena 5 1715 ; 7 2753 

and the Princess. .McCALL ... 6 2117 

Banner of 2 594 

Cleft of 5 2052 

Horn of 2 591 

Influence of the le- 
gends of 8 2990 

Keen of 9 3642 

in the third Cycle 2 xii 

Mac Gorman, 

Bishop, of Kil- 

dare 4 1600 

or Ossianic cycle 2 629 

Finnachta and the Cler- 
ics O'DoNOVAN . 7 2706 

Became Rich, .ffcno.O'DONOVAN. 7 2708 

Finnerty, P., Grattan's 

speech on 7 xxiii 

Fin tan Street 3 930 

Fionn Ghaill (Normans 

or English) 2 635 

Fionn's monument on 

Nephin 6 2231 

Fionnuala MILLIGAN .. 6 2437 

From ARMSTRONG. 1 25 

The Song of MOORE 7 2534 

Firbolgs, The 7 2752; 9 x, 3482 

Buildings of the 8 2882 

Fire-Eaters, The BARRINGTON. 1 141 

Fires, Druidical 7 2667 

Fireside Stories of Ire- 
land, The ' KENNEDY 

' Firing of Rome, The '. CROLY . . 
First Boycott, The O'BRIEN 

Irish newspaper 4 

Lord Liftinant, 


The .TRENCH ... 4 1233 

printed book in 

Gaelic, Facsimile 

of 7 2741 

Sight of the Rocky 

Mountains BUTLER ... 2 415 


Irish Literature. 

First Step towards Home 

Rule, The ...... REDMOND 

- Steps, The ...... BLAKE 

e The ..... MOLLOY . 


. . 8 2926 
1 190 
. 6 2459 


- The Young ...... GWYNN ... 4 1516 

Fisheries Bill, The Irish ............ 6 2176 

Fishing-curragh (half- 

tone engraving) ............... 9 3458 

- Fitzgerald, Amby ................ 1 145 

- Fireeater ; Duel 

with Lord Nor- 

bury ..................... 1 143 

- Lord Edward and 

'98 ............... 4 1531 ; 9 x 

- Sir Boyle Roche 

on ..................... 1 137 

- Curran's speech 

for .................... 7 xxiii 

- MAURICE (biogra- 

phy) ................... 10 4011 

- Translation from 

the Irish of .............. 1 280 


TON ...................... 3 1190 


JOHN ......................... 3 1199 

FITZSIMON, MRS. ELLEN ............ 3 1206 

Fitzwilliam (Lord), 

Character of .............. 6 2164 

-- recalled ............... 8 2930 

Five Ends of Erin, The ............ 2 442 

Fixity of tenure, Isaac 

Button .................. 2 425 

- J. H. McCarthy on ............ 6 2179 

Flanders, Irish soldiers 

in the battle of 

Fontenoy ............ 3 823. 842 

- Sarsfield at ................. 7 2816 

- The .battle of ................ 7 2830 


ography) ................. 1O 4011 

- The County of 

Mayo by ................. 3 1224 

FLECKNOE, RICHARD .............. 3 1208 

Fleming, Colonel, slain 

at Drogheda .................. 7 2568 

- Flitters, Tatters, and 

the Counselor ' ..... HARTLEY . . 4 1568 
Flitting of the Fairies, 

The ............... BARLOW ... 1 116 

Flood, Sir Frederick .............. 1 130 

- HENRY ..................... 3 1210 

- the first real Irish 

orator .................... 7 x 

- and Grattan ........ 3 1210 ; 4 1384 

- and the Monks of 

the Screw ................ 2 797 

- Grattan on ................. 7 2421 

- Opposed to Ameri- 

can Liberty ............... 4 1402 

-- PJiilippic against. . GRATTAN . . 4 1400 
Flood's Reply to Orat- 

tan's Invective ..... FLOOD ..... 3 1212 

Florida Gardens ................. 1 165 

Flory Cantillon's Fu- 

neral .............. CROKER ... 2 724 

Flotow, Irish influence 

on ........................... 3 vii 

Flower of the young 

and fair .......... FURLONG ... 3 1252 

Flowers I Would Bring. DE VERB .. 3 861 
Flying, Wings invented 

by Pockrich for ............... 7 2698 


Foley's, J. H., O'Connell 
monument (half- 
tone engraving) 7 2645 

Statue of Burke. . 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 1 397 

Statue of Grattan . 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 4 1384 

Folk and Fairy Tales, 
Irish WELSH ... 3 xvii | 

Folk Lore and Fairy Tales. 

The Ban-Shee ...ALLINGHAM. 1 17 

The Fairies ALLINGHAM. 1 18 

The Leprecaun, or 

Fairy ~ 

Flitting of the 

Fairies BARLOW ... 1 116 1 

From Fionnuala. .ARMSTRONG. 1 125 

To the Leanan 

Sidhe BOYD 1 258 1 

Ned Oeraghty's 

Luck BROUGHAM. . 1 301 1 

The Story of Childe 

Charity BROWNE ... 1 

The Fairy Fiddler.CiiESSoyi . . 2 

The Faery Fool. . . CHESSON . . 2 

The Hospitality of 

Cuanna's House . CONNELLAN . 2 

The Confessions of 

Tom Bourke . . ..CROKER ... 2 

The Soul Cages . . CROKER ... 2 

The Haunted Cel- 
lar CROKER ... 2 

Teigue of the Lee. CROKER ... 2 714 

Fairies or No Fair- 
ies CROKER ... 2 71 

Flory Cantillon's 

Funeral CROKER 2 71 

The Banshee of the 

MacCarthys .... CROKER ... 2 71 

The Brewery of 

Egg-Shells CROKER ... 2 

The Story of the 

Little Bird CROKER ... 2 

The Lord of Dun- 

kerron CROKER ... 2 

Little Woman in 

Red, A DEENY .... 3 

Strange Indeed I . .DEENY .... 3 

Will O' The Wisp. ANONYMOUS. 3 Hi 

Loughleagh ANONYMOUS. 3 11^ 

Donald, and his 

Neighbors ANONYMOUS. 3 

Queen's County 

Witch ANONYMOUS. 3 1 


The Only Son of 

Aoife GREGORY . . 4 141 

Conversion of King 


Daughters 3 

Death of Cuchu- 

lain GREGORY . . 4 

Gael and Credhe. .GREGORY .. 4 

The Coming of 

Finn GREGORY . . 4 144' 

Mountain Theol- 
ogy GREGORY . . 4 14S 

Hard-Gum, Strong- 
Ham, Swiff- 
Foot, and the 
Eyeless Lad HYDE 4 101 

Neil O'Carree HYDE 4 163* 

The Hags of the 

Long Teeth HYDE 4 1641 

General Index. 


Folk L,ore and Fairy Tales. 

. Munacharand Man- 

achar HYDE 4 1647 

Oisin in Tirna- 

noge JOYCE 5 1714 

The Voyage of the 

Sons of O'Corra. JOYCE 5 1724 

Connla of the Gol- 
den Hair JOYCE 5 1731 

. The Exploits of 

Curoi JOYCE 5 1749 

The Lazy Beauty 

and her Aunts . . KENNEDY . . 5 1789 

The Haughty Prin- 
cess KENNEDY .. 5 1793 

The Kildare POO/CO.KENNEDY . . 5 1796 

The Witches' Ex- 
cursion KENNEDY .. 5 1799 

The Enchantment 


5 1801 
5 1803 
5 1866 

The Long Spoon. .KENNEDY 

The Red Pony . . . LARMINIE 

The Nameless 

Story LARMINIE . 5 1871 

The Changeling . . LAWLESS . 5 1877 

The Golden Spears.LEAMY ... 5 1899 

King O'Toole and 

Saint Kevin LOVER 5 2046 

Mac Cumhail and 

the Princess ...McCALL ... 6 2117 

Jamie Freel and 

the Young Lad^.MAcLiNTOCK 6 2242 

Far Darrig in Don- 
egal MACLINTOCK 6 2248 

Grace Connor . . . .MACLINTOCK 6 2251 

Daniel O'Rourke. .MAGINN 

Fionnuala MILLIGAN . . 

Account of King 

EochaidhAiremh.Q'CWRKY . . . 
Finnachta and the 

Clerics O'DONOVAN. 

How Finnachta 

Became Rich . . .O'DONOVAN. 
The Battle of Alm- 

hain O'DONOVAN. 

Queen Meave and 

her Hosts O'GBADY . .. 

The Burthen of 

Ossian O'GRADY . . . 

The Knighting of 

Cuculain O'GRADY . ., 

The Cursing of 

Tara O'GRADY . . . 

Caeilte's Lament.. O'GRADY . .. 

The Lament of 

M ae v L eith- 


The Demon Cat. . . WILDE 

The Horned 

Women , WILDE 

The Priest's Soul WILDE 

Seanchan the Bard 

and the King of 

the Cats WILDB 

The Black Lamb. .WILDE 

The Selfish Giant. WILDE 

The Devil YEATS 

Enchanted Woods. YEATS 

Village Ghosts . . . YEATS 

Miraculous Crea- 

tures YEATS 

The Old Age of 

Queen Maeve . . .YEATS 

A Faery Song . . . YEATS 

The Hosting of 

the Sidhe YEATS 


6 2437 

7 2667 
7 2706 
7 2708 
7 2709 
7 2746 
7 2752 
7 2756 

7 2762 
7 2766 

8 2075 

9 3557 

9 3558 
9 3561 

9 3566 
9 3509 
9 3584 
9 3673 
9 3679 
9 3673 

...9 3678 

. 9 3697 
. . . 9 3704 

. 9 3707 

Polk Songs 1O 3713 et seq. 


Folk Tales 1O 3735 et seq. 

Collectors of 3 xxii 

Elements of the 8 2972 

' Irish ' LARMINIE .. 5 1866 

Nature in 9 3658 

of Ireland,, Fairy 

and ANONYMOUS. 3 1136 

Pomor of the Blows 5 1717 

Fomorian Pirates, The 5 1746 

Pomorians, The 9 vii 

Pontenoy DAVIS 3 823 

The Brigade a*...DowLiNQ .. 3 878 

Battle of (half- 
tone engraving) 3 880 

(reference) 2 599 

Father Antho- 
ny's father 

slain at 9 3445 

Food, Dress and Daily 
Life in Ancient Ire- 
land JOYCE 5 1735 

' Fool and his Heart, 

The ' CONNELL . . 2 616 

Footing, Paying the 4 1482 

Foot-warmer, The 6 2233 

For, now returned from 

golden lands GREENE ... 4 1424 

For thce I shall not die. HYDE 4 1656 

Porbuide 4 1430 

Foreclosure of mort- 
gage 8 3230 

Foreign languages in 

Greece 6 2332 

' Service, Eminent 

Irishmen in ' ... ONAHAN . . 7 2814 
Fore-Song to ' M al- 

morda ' CLARKE .... 2 596 

Forests of Erin, The 

Buried MILLIGAN . . 6 2437 

Foreword WELSH .... 1 xvil 

Forging of the Anchor, 

The FERGUSON . 3 1174 

LEN 3 1222 

Forsaken TODHUNTER. 9 3406 

Forts. Circular Stone . 8 28S2 

Crosses, and Round 

Towers of Ire- 

and COOKE. 9 3482 

' Forty-eight ' 7 2872 

Forus Feasa, The 1O 3959 

Fosbery's, E., portrait 

of Charles Welsh 9 vlil 

Fosterage explained 1 35 ; 5 1739 

Found Out BLHS SING- 
TON 1 200 

Founding of The Na- 
tion 3 950 

Fouquier-Tinville, Trial 

of 2 677 

Fountain of Tears, The. O'SHAUGH- 

NESSY ... 7 2845 
Four Courts, Dublin, 

The 8 3065 

< ducTts on a pond ' . ALLINGHAM. 1 15 

Masters, Annals of 

the (see also M. 

O'Clery ) 2 629 

632. 635; 6 2232. 2353. 2377 
7 2663, 2674, 2705 ; 1O 4018 

' things did Finn 

dislike ' (Irish 

Rann) HYDE 1O 3839 

Fox. GEORGE 4 1224 

-Burke on 1 397 


Irish Literature. 

Pox on E. Burke 
Foxes, Superstitions 


* 373 

. ... 
Fox-hunting .................... 4 1490 

- scene ................. 1 176, 254 

1 Fox's Book of Martyrs ' ........... 8 3060 

Foyle Lough .................... 9 3428 

- Origin of the 

name ................... 6 2277 

- The ....................... 3 1181 

Foynes in June, 1895 ............. 7 2591 

France described in 

' The Traveller ' ............ 4 1302 

- On a Commercial 

Treaty ivith ____ FLOOD ____ 3 1219 

- The Guillotine in..CROKEB ... 3 676 
Francis, M. E ...... See MRS. BLUN- 


- 1. of France ............... 6 2340 

. - SIB PHILIP ................. 3 1226 

Franciscan College of 

Lou vain, Irish 
manuscripts in 
the ...................... 7 2673 

- Monasteries, Irish ............ I 32 

Franklin, Benjamin .............. 7 2692 

Fraser's Magazine, 

Founding of ................... 6 2301 

Fredericksburg .................. 6 2423 

- Dec. IS, 1SG2, At. ..O'REILLY .. 7 2831 
Free sale of land (the 

' three F's ') .................. 6 2179 

- Speech ..................... 9 3551 

- Trade in Ireland ............. 9 3362 

Freedom of religious 

belief in Ireland, 

Carlyle on ................ 3 952 

- of the English peo- 

ple ....................... 4 133J 

- Roman love of ............... 2 747 

French Bulls ............. 3 1057, 1059 

- Expedition of 1796 .............. 3414 

- language banished 

by Canning from 
diplomatic corre- 
spondence ................ 1 69 

- on way to Castle- 

bar in 17&8. The ............ 6 2229 

- Revolution, The . .BARHY ____ 1 151 

- Effect on Ire- 

land .................... 9 x 

- Effect of ................. 9 3424 

- Sir Boyle Roche 

on the .................. 1 136 

- the guillotine in 

the ..................... 2 667 

- WILLIAM PERCY ............. 3 1233 

Friar of Orders Grey, 

The ............... O'KEEPFB . . 7 2778 

Friars' Servant Maid, 

The ............... DOYLE ____ 1O 3875 

Friend in Court, A ............... 7 2793 

- of Humanity 

and the Knife- 

Grinder ........ CANNING . . 2 467 

From a Munster vale 

they brought her. WILLIAMS . 9 3609 

- a Poem &?/ Teige 

Mac Daire ..... HYDE ..... 4 1657 

- ' Actseon ' ....... WILKINS ... 9 3604 

- Alma Mater to De 

Profundi* ...... CONNELL . . 2 616 

- Portlaw to Para- 

dise ........... DOWNEY ... 3 891 

- the foes of my 

land ..................... 10 3829 

-the madding crowd. ROCHE ---- 8 2966 

From ' The Return ' . . . GREENE . 

' Wendell Phillips '.O'REILLY 

what dripping cell.LE FANU 

Froude, J. A., on Ire- 
land . 


. 4 

.. 7 

. 5 



cited on the feudal 

land system 7 

F's, The three' (fair 
rent, fixity of tenure, 

and free sale) 6 

Funeral, A Midnight . . DEENY .... 3 

Cursing at a 9 

customs, Ancient. . 3 724, 559 ; 9 

Flory Cantillon's 2 

8 vli 

Funerals 9 





Gad, Mara, The M. DOYLE . . 1O 

Gael, The Passing of 

the MACMANUS. . 6 

Gaelic, Effort to stamp 

out the 1 

English opposition 

to teaching 9 

book printed in 

Ireland, Facsim- 
ile of first 7 

' Ireland, Peasant 

Lore from ' .... DEENY. 3 845, 

language a key to 
Pre-Roman Euro- 
pean history , 

League, The Ef- 
fects of 8 

Objects of 8 

Work of 1O xxv, 

- Literature, Imag- 
ination a n d 

Art in ' ROLLESTON. 8 

The Story of 

Early ' HYDE 5 

Movement, The . .PLUNKETT. . 8 
Revival, Justin 

McCarthy on 1 

W. B. Yeats on 3 


















7 2616 



Gaelic Writers. 

Death of St. Col- 

umcille, The ... ADAM NAN. .. 4 

Sorrowful Lament 

for Ireland, A . . . C A R TAN, 


Geoffrey Keating . . D i N E E N , 

RICK S.. .10 

Friar's Servant 

Girl, The DOYLE, 

JAMES . . 1O 

Tim the Smith ...DOYLE, 

JAMES . .10 

Coolun, The DUGAN, MAU- 
RICE .... 3 

County of Mayo, 

The F L A v B L L, 


Ode on his Ship . . FITZGERALD, 


Caeilte's Lament 7 

Cavern, The HAYES. 

THOMAS. .10 

Echo, The HAYES, 

THOMAS. .10 






General Index. 


Gaelic Writers. 

Twisting of the 

Rope, The HYDE, DOUG- 

Biography KEATING, 


Vision of Viands, 

The M A c C o N - 

G L I N N E, 
\NIAR ... 8 

Fair Hills of Eire, O M A c C o N - 

M A B A , 

'Tis not War we 

Want to Wage . . MAODAIRE, 

TEIGE ... 4 
Claragh's Lament. M A c D o N- 


Biography MAC FORBES, 

KinJcora MAC-LIAG . . 6 

Deus Meus MAELISD 

Lament of the 

Mangaire SugachMA.GRA.T~n. 
Ode on leaving Ire- 






9 3508 


Bridget Cruise 

. . . O'CAROLAN. . 

3 930 

Gentle Brideen 
Grace Nugent . 

Mary Maauire 

Mild Mabel Kelly .O'CAROLAN.. a 

O'M ore's Fair 

Daughter O'CAROLAN. . 4 

Peggy Browne . . . O'CAROLAN. . 4 

Why. Liquor of 

Lifef O'CAROLAN. . 2 

Biography O'CLERY, MI- 

CHAEL . . . 1O 
Love's Despair ...O'CURNAN, 

DlARMAD. . 8 

East, West, Home's 
Best . . . O'FARRELLY, 

A 1O 

Thankfulness of 

Dermot, The ...O'LEARY, 


Seadna's Three 

Wishes O'LEARYs 

PETER . . 1O 

Lament, A O'NEACHTAN, 

JOHN ... 2 

Maggy Ladir O'NEACHTAN, 

JOHN ... 4 

Shane the Proud.. O'SHEA.P.J.IO 

After the Fianna . OISIN 8 

In Tirnanoge .... OISIN 5 

Things Delightful. QIBIX 8 

How long has it 

been said RAFTERY . . 1O 

The Cuis da pie.. .RAFTERY . .10 

Poem on Mary 

Hynes RAFTERY . . 9 

JesuJcin ST. ITA 8 

Hymn Called Saint 

Patrick's Breast- 
plate. The ST. PATRICK 8 

Lament WARD ,,0 WEN. 6 

Dawninci of the 

Day, The ANONYMOUS. 9 

Description of the 


Dirge of O'Sulli- 

van Bear ANONYMOUS. 2 














Gaelic Writers. 

- Extract from the 

Life of Brigit. . .ANONYMOUS. 8 3246 

- Fair Hills of Ire- 

land, The ...... ANONYMOUS. 3 1185 

- Have You Been at 

CarrickT ...... ANONYMOUS. 9 3506 

- Hospitality of Cu- 

anna's House. . .ANONYMOUS. 2 629 

- / Shall Not Die for 

Thee .......... ANONYMOUS. 4 1656 

- King Ailill's Death ANONYMOUS. 8 3261 

- Lament of Maev 

Leith-Dherg ---- ANONYMOUS. 8 2975 

- Lament of O'Gnive, 

The .......... ANONYMOUS. 2 443 

- Little Child, I Call 

Thee .......... ANONYMOUS. 4 1G55 

- Love Ballad ..... ANONYMOUS. 6 2371 

- Man Octipartite. .ANONYMOUS. 8 3262 

- Murmurs of Love. ANONYMOUS. 7 2676 

- O Were You on 

the M ountainf . .ANONYMOUS. 4 1656 

- Outlaiv of Loch 

Lene, The ...... ANONYMOUS. 1 141 

- Pastheen Ficn ...ANONYMOUS. 3 1184 

- Pearl of the White 

Breast ........ ANONYMOUS. 7 2886 

- Roisin Dubh ..... ANONYMOUS. 4 1247 

- She is my Love. .ANONYMOUS. 4 1413 

- Since We Should 

Part .......... ANONYMOUS. 4 1413 

- White Cockade, 

The .......... ANONYMOUS. 2 442 

Galang, The hero of .............. C 2370 

Galatians, The .................. 9 3549 

Gallo-Greoians .................. 9 3549 

Galtees, The .................... 2675 

Galtimore ...................... 5 1938 

Galway, A Letter from. MAX WELL .. 6 2412 

- advantages of, for 

trading ................... 7 2916 

- Bay ....................... 2 

- Duelling in ................ 1 

- Monastery in ............... 1 


The Clearing of. .PRENDERGASTS 2913 
The Man for .... LEVER ..... 5 1975 

Ganconagh described ............. 3 xix 

Garden of God, The ..KERNAHAN. . 5 1S09 
Garmoyle ...................... 6 2113 

GarnaviUa, Kate of ..LYSAGHT ... 6 2108 
Garnett. Sir R., on W. 

Maginn ...................... 6 2300 

Garrick, David. See A 
Goodly Company. 

- as Hamlet in Dub- 

lin ....................... 5 1919 

- Epitaph on Sterne ........... 8 3211 

- Goldsmith on ................ 4 1346 

- on Goldsmith ............... 4 1380 

- Stevens' retort on ............ 8 3227 

Garristown. (See also 

Gavra) ...................... 5 1714 

Garrovagh, Scenery 

around ....................... 1 353 

Garry, King of Leinster ........... 6 2118 

Garryowen .......... STREET BAL- 


8 3283 
8 2997 

Gates of Dreamland. . .RUSSELL 
Ganger, Condy Cullen 

and the ............ CARLETON. . . 2 541 

Gauntlet, O'Keeffe fol- 

lowing his servant 

through a .................... 7 2776 

Gavra, ancient name of 

Garristown ................... 5 1714 

Gay, Letter by .................. 4 1695 


Irish Literature. 

Gay Spanker, Lady . . .BODICICADLT 

Gearoidh larla, En- 
chantment of KENNEDY ... 

Genealogy of Jesus 

Christ (color plate) 

Genevieve, The Story of.JAMESON . . 

Geniality of the Irish 

people 8 

Genius of English is un- 

Irish 9 3421 

the national 8 2990 

True 9 3377 

Genoa, Byron and the 
Blessingtons at MADDEN ... 

Gentle Brideen. From 

the Irish SIGERSON . . 

Gentleman, A BKOOKE ... 

Gentleman in Black, 


What is a O'DONOGHUE 

of the Kingdom 

of Ireland, A . . . KEIGHTLEY . 

Gently! gently! 

down ! DARLEY ... 

Gentry and their Re- 
tainers, Irish BARRINGTON. 



George II. on the Irish 
soldiers of Louis 

III. on Catholic 

emancipation 6 2163 

' Geith of Fen 

Court ' RIDDELL ... 

Geraldines, The 6 2417 ; 

Spoke Gaelic 7 2670 

Gesticulation, Italian. .WISEMAN 

Ghosts 9 

Village YEATS 

Giant, The Selfish WILDE 

Giant's Causeway, The 

Giffiord, Countess of. See LADY DUFFERIN. 

Gifford, Earl of 

portrait 4 

M. F. Egan on 5 


' Gile Machree' GRIFFIN 


Gillana-naomh O'Huid- 

Gilray the caricaturist 1 

Girl I Love, The CALLANAN 

of Duribwy, The.. DAVIS 

' of the red-mouth 'MACDERMOTTG 2191 

Gladstone and Home 

and Land Pur- 

and the National 

League 6 2164 

and the Great 

Home Rule De- 
late O'CONNOR 

on O'Connell 7 2624 

on Sheil 7 xxviii 

on Shell's oratory 8 3055 

Gladstone's first resolu- 
tions 6 2157, 

Home Rule Bill, 

Redmond on 8 

personality 7 

policy for Ireland 6 2153 

. triumph in 1868 6 2160 


1 252 

Glance, A, at Ireland's 
History WELSH 9 vll 

5 1801 

Glastonbury Thorn The " ' 9 3366 

Gleeman and Actor, The 9 3681 

2 ix 
5 1679 

The Last YEATS 9 3683 
Gleeman's funeral, The. . . 9 3681 

8 vii 

Glen Dun, The Song O/.SKRIXK 8 3156 
Glennan, A Song of...SKRiNE 8 3157 ! 
Glenarm 7 2551 

9 3421 

Glenasmole 5 1722 1 

8 2990 

Glendalough 5 2118 

9 3377 

(color plate) 5 Front 

6 2286 

Glengall 5 1937 

8 3143 
1 285 

Glengariff. See Daniel 
Glenmalure 2 636 4 1423 II 

4 1317 

Glen-na-Smoel FURLONG .. 4 1241 .1 
Glenveigh 6 2259 1 

7 2703 
5 1774 

Glimpse of his Country- 
House near .Newport, 
A. BERKELEY 1 175 

Glin, The Knight of 4 1590 

2 809 

'Minsk 1 11<H 

1 138 

Glory of Ireland, The. .MEAGHER .. 6 2420 1 
Glossary 1O 4031 1 

Gloucester, Duchess of 1 1 66 '1 

4 1254 

Lodge BELL 1 165 1 
Gluck and Pockrich's 
musical glasses 7 269i> ' 

7 2815 

Glyn-Nephin, old songs 
and traditions in 6 230 ! 

6 2163 

" Glynnes " or valleys 6 2275 j 

8 2949 

Go not to the hills of 
Erin SHORTER 7 3127 1 

8 3018 
7 2670 

' Go where glory waits 
thee ' . MOORE 7 2330 530 m 

9 3627 

Gobbin cliffs 3 955 1 

9 3681 
9 3673 

God bless the gray 
mountains DUFFY . . 3 961 1 

9 3584 

God save Ireland .... SULLIVAN 9 3339 j| 


(reference) S T70 


3 932 

send us peace ....O'REILLY .. 7 2831 1 
GODKIN, E. L f 1290 (1 

on imagination 4 1597 '] 

4 1265 

' Gods and Fighting 
Men' . . GREGORY 4 1445 il 

5 xv 
4 1257 

1447 1 
Goethe, W. K Magee on 2298 il 

4 1507 

Goibniu 4 1440 II 

4 1280 

' Goidelica ' STOKES 8 3244 i 1 

7 2706 

Going to Mass by the 
Well of God . 9 3668 j| 

1 168 

Gold found in Ulster O 2280 il 

2 440 

Gold, To WILDE .... 9 3596 II 

3 829 
'6 2191 

' Golden Sorrow, A' ... HOEY 41 578 il 
Spears, The LEAMY .... 5 1809 
Gold-mining in Montana 3 966 1 

9 xi 

(portrait) 4 1 298 ' 

9 xi 

D. J. O'Donoghue 
on 6 xlv l| 

6 2164 

on the musical 
glasses . . 7 2690 * 

7 2656 

W. B. Yeats on the 
poetry of 3 vll 

7 2624 
7 xxviii 
8 3055 

(See A Goodly 
Goll 4 1451, 1609 

7, 2160 

Gollam (Milesius), an- 
cestor of the O's and 
the Mac's 2 444 

8 2929 

7 2656 
6 2153 

Gom'been Man, The ..STOKER 8 3228 
Gomerus-Gallus 9 3549 

6 2160 

Gonconer. The. described. . , ... 3 xix 

General Index. 



Gone in the Wind MANGAN ... 6 2359 

< Gone to Death ' BBOOKB ... 1 288 

Gonne, Miss Maud, as 

an actress 1O xx 

' Good and Evil, Ideas 

of YEATS. 9 3654, 3601 

Good Luck to the Fri- 
ars of Old LEVER 5 1958 

men and true ! in 

this house who 

dwell McBuRNEY. . 6 2115 

people all, with 

one accord GOLDSMITH.. 4 1382 

Ship Castle Down, 

The McBuRNEY. . 6 2113 

Goodly Company, A . . . . MOORE .... 7 2468 

Gore House % 1 193 

Gorey 6 2115 

Gort, County Galway 4 1455 

Gortaveha 4 1455 

Gosse, E., on Parnell's 

poems 7 2874 

on Sir John Den- 
ham 3 849 

on Thomas Moore 7 2508 

Gottingen, University of 4 466 

Qougane Barra (half- 
tone engraving) . . . . CALLANAN . . 2 439 

Goulhourn, Mr 7 2652 

Gounod on Mrs. Alex- 
ander 1 1 

Government. See Pol- 

by consent 9 3362 

newspaper, A 7 2639 

of Ireland under 

Henry II 7 2741 

the Tudors 7 2741 

' Principles of '... O'BRIEN ... 7 2620 

"G. P. O." and W. M. 
Thackeray 8 xvi 

Grace Connor MAC LINTOCK.S 2251 

Nugent. From the 

Irish FERGUSON. . 3 1186 

of the Heroes. See 

Grace O'Mealley. 

O'Mealley 7 2856 

Grade Og Machree ....CASEY .... 2 573 
Grady, Harry Deane . .O'FLANAGAN. 7 2728 

duels with Coun- 

sellors O'Mahon 

and Campbell 1 143 

1 Graf ton, To the Duke O/FRANCIS ... 3 1228 

' Gra-gal-machree ' 8 3270 

Graham's, P. P., por- 
trait of G. Griffin 4 1464 

j ' Grammont, Memoirs of 

the Count de '.HAMILTON .. 4 1542 

Sir W. Scott on 4 1542 

I Grana O'Maille of the 

Uisles 7 2859 

Uaile and Queen 

Elizabeth 7 2858 

The Story of OTWAY 7 2856 

Granna Wail and Queen 

Elizabeth 1O 4013 

; Grand Jury Reform Bill, 

The 6 2176 

Match, The SKRINE 8 3153 

Sarah See MACFALL. 

Granee G 2223 

' Grania ' LAWLESS .. . 5 1877 


a master in ora- 

tory Gxxviii 


Grattan and Catholic 

emancipation 6 21 64 

and Curran con- 
trasted 7 xxii 

and Flood 3 1210 : 4 1384 

and Pitt 7 xv 

as a Monk of the 

Screw 2 797 

Duel with Chancel- 
lor Corry 1 142 

Invective, Flood's 

Reply to FLOOD 3 1212 

Lord Brougham on 6 2421 

Opposition of, to 

the Act of Union 6 2170 

Oratorical methods 

of 7 xi. xiii 

Oratory of 7 x, xl 

described 7 xx 

statute of (half- 
tone engraving) 4 1384 

tribute of, to Dr. 

Kirwan 7 xvil 

See The Irish 


Grave, the Grave, TTie.MANGAN ... 6 2380 

VAL 4 1409 

on Sir Samuel Fer- 
guson's poetry 3 1169 

on J. S. Le Fanu 5 1927 

Dr 9 3521 

Early Christian, in 

Ireland 9 3484 

Gray, John, and Repeal 9 x 

in prison 8 811 ; 4 2128 

Fog, The CHESSON . . 2 591 

gray is Abbey Asa- 
roe ALLINGHAM. 1 13 

the poet, on music- 
al glasses , 7 2691 

Gray's portrait of W. 

Carleton 2 469 

Greally, and Mullen, 
Sorrowful Lamenta- 
tion of Callaghan . STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3316 

Great Breath, The RUSSELL . . 8 3004 

Cry and Little 

Wool 7 2653 

Diamond is Ob- 
tained and t/sed.O'BRiEN ... 7 2594 

' Divide, The' ...DUNRAVEN .. 3 963 

' Irish Struggle, 


Lone Land, The '.BUTLER . . 


- Risk, A HOEY 

Greece, Age of begin- 
ning education in 

ancient 6 2334 

Childhood in An- 
cient MAHAFFY . . 6 2328 

Greek Education ' 6 2328 

families small 6 2332 

origin of Irish 

people, The 1 viii 

and Irish com- 
pared 4 1285 

Green, in the wizard 

arms TODHUNTER. 9 3409 

Little Shamrock of 
Ireland, The ...CHERRY ... 2 587 

J. R. on Steele 8 

MRS. J. R 4 

Greencastie" ". ,.,.,,...,... 6 2113 


Irish Literature, 



THDK 4 1433 

on A. P. Graves' 

poetry 4 1410 

and the Rhymers' 

Club 5 1693 

on Jane Barlow's 

stories 1 98 


(portrait) 4 1426 

cited on ' The Lost 

Saint' 4 1650 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii 

on Home Rule 1 xvii 

on the drama in 

Ireland 1O xxvi 

W. B. Yeats on the 

translations of 3 ilv 

work of, for Celtic 

literature 2 xvli 

The Curse of the 

Boers 1O 3928 

The grief of a 

girl's heart 1O 3933 

Grey of Macha, Cuchu- 

lain's warhorse 2 xviii 

' Greydrake, Geoffrey.' 


Gridiron, The LOVER 5 2063 

Grief of a Girl's HeartGREGORY ...1O 3933 
trait) 4 1464 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii 

inherently Irish 1 art 

The Collegians ' 

his masterpiece 1 xl 

Grimpat 3 1097 

Gudrun and Ireland 4 viii 

Guernsey and Ireland 

compared 7 2865 

Guesses O'DoNNELL. 7 2687 

Guiccioli, The Countess 

of, and Byron 6 2288 

Guide to Ignorance, A . . DOWLING . . 3 881 
Gutnev. L. I., on J. C. 

Mangan 6 2352 

Gulliver Among the 

Giants 9 3354 

the Pigmies . . . SWIFT .... 9 3346 

'Gulliver's Travels' ..SWIFT. 93346, 3354 
Guillotine in France, 

The CROKER ... 2 676 

Guizot 1 153, 154 

Gull Mac Morna 4 1525, 1526 

Gutter Children 4 1568 

' Guy Mannering.' Lord 
Derby's quotation 

from 6 2159 

trait) 4 1512 

E." . . 8 2987 

quence, A 


Habeas Corpus Bill, The 4 1395 

Hacketstown 6 2123 

Had T a heart for false- 
hood framed SHERIDAN. . 8 3118 

Haps of the Long Teeth, 

The HYDE 4 1642 

Hail to our Celtic 

brethren M'GEE 6 226 

Hal Godfrey SeeMiss ECCLES. 

Half a league, half a 

TT l f^ u ^ TENNYSON . . S 3014, 

Half-Red Maeve of Lein- 

ster, The 7 27481 

HALL, MRS. S. C 4 153! 

describes Lady 

Morgan 7 2343] 

M. F. Egan on 5 x J 

on Maria Edge- 
worth 3 99J 

Mr. and Mrs., on 

wakes and keen- 
ing 9 

HAM 4 

as a humorist G 


Miss 4 i 

' Single Speech ' . . . . 7 

Sir John Stuart 1 129, 

Hnmpden's Fortune, 

Burke on i 

HAND, JOHN 7 32( 

4 Handbook of Irish An- 
tiquities ' WAKEMAN 

and COOKE. 9 

Handel in Dublin 5 it 

Hand-wail of Ulster 4 161 

Hannah Healy, the 

Pride of Howth . . . .STREET B\L- 

LAD 8 32841 

Happiness and Good Na- 
ture GOLDSMITH . 4 134{ 

Happy the Wooing 
that's Not Long a Do- 
ing TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 342 

' Happy Prince and 

Other Tales, The ' . . . WILDE 9 35* 

Harcourt, Sir (charac- 
ter in ' London Assur- 
ance ') 1 

Harcourt's Ministry. 

Grattan on ." 4 

Hardcastle (character 4 IS 

in ' She Stoops to 

Conquer ') 4 13J 

Hard-Gum, Strong-Ham, 
Swift-Foot and the 
Eyeless Lad HYDE 4 1( 

Hardiman on John Mac- 

Donnell 1O 

Hardiman's ' Irish Min- 
strelsy ' 4 1251 ; 6 2i 

Hardy, Gathorne, on the 

Irish Church 6 21 

' Th e Art of 

Thomas' JOHNSON ... 5 1< 

Hark ! a martial sound 

is heard BUGGY 

' Hark ! the vesper 

hymn ' MOORE 7 2J 

Harleian MSS., The 

(color plate) 8 Fn 

' Harp that once through 

Tara's halls, The '. . . MOORE .... 7 

Harris, Walter, trans- 
lator of the Works of 
Sir James Ware 9 

Harrison, Cosey 

' Harry Lorrequer ' ... LEVER 



- M. F. Egan on 
Parvard, Chap-books at 
Harvest Hymn, The 
Irish Reaper's ...... KEEGAN 


5 17( 

General Index. 



Has summer come with- 
out the rose O'SHAUGH- 

NESSY ... 7 284 
Hastings (character in 
4 She Stoops to 

Conquer ') 4 134 

Warren, Extract 

from ( The Im- 
peachment of '..BURKE 1 33 

Sheridan's Speech 

on 1 

Meagher on 6 

Hats in Ireland 
Haughty Princess, The. KENNEDY .. 
Haunch of Venison, T7ieGoLDSMiT T i . 
Haunted Cellar, The . . . CHOKER ... 
'Have you been at Car- 
rick ? ' WALSH .... 

Garnavilla ? ... LYSAGHT . . 

I Hawkesworth on ' The 

9 349 
5 179 
4 137 
2 70 

9 350 
6 210 

Arabian Nights ' 2 40t 

Hayes, ' Ballads of Ire- 
land ' 5 178 

THOMAS (biogra- 

. phy) 1O 402" 

The Cavern, by 1O 3977 

The Echo, by 1O 3983 

Hazlett on George Far- 

quhar 3 116. 

on R. B. Sheridan 8 3070 

" He dies to-day," said 

the heartless judge .. CAMPION 
I He found his work, but 

far behind LECKY . 

He grasped his ponder- 
ous hammer JOYCE . . 

He planted an oak.... LECKY . 
{'He said that he was 

not our brother 

2 463 
5 1913 

5 1741 
5 1926 

1 58 

. . . BANIM .... 1 

He that goes to bed, 

and goes to bed sober 3 997 

He that is down is 
trampled (Irish prov- 
erb) 10 3901 

Head-dress, Ancient 9 3495 

Healings by Brigit 8 3251 3255 

Heardst thou over the 
Fortress ALLINGHAM. 1 17 

Heartiness of Irish hu- 
mor 6 

Heather, Among the. . .ALLINGHAM. 1 
Field, The' MARTYN 

Hedce-school, The ......... 1 34 4 

Hedgehogs, Supersti- 

tions about ................... 9 

Heine, II., on Ireland ............ 8 

Helas ............... WILDE 




9 3595 
9 3660 
j' Hell-fire Club,' The ....... 5 1916, 1917 

(Hemans, Mrs., A Keen 

by ......................... .. 9 3646 

Henley, W. E., on Os- 

! car Wilde .................... 9 3571 

JHennesys, The .................. 3 941 

! Henry II. and the con- 

quest of Ireland ............ 9 viii 

VII., Extract from 
a daily expense- 
book of ................... 6 2347 

VIII., Ireland un- 

der .................... 7 2742 

- King, declared 

head of Church ........... 9 3390 

- - Policy of. to- 

ward Ireland ............ 9 ix 

Patrick .................... 6 2114 


Ireland under 


Her Majesty the King. ROCHE .... 8 2959 

v e WILDE 9 3593 

Hercules, Pillars of 2 747 

Here is the road MACMANUS.. 6 2273 

lies Nolly Gold- 

4 1380 

Heredity d ff the 

dan family ................... 8 

Heres first the toast. .FURLONG ... 4 

- to the maiden of 

uprm ^^j fifteen.. SHERIDAN .. 8 
Hermann Kelstach, an 

ancient idol ..... 7 

'Hero, The Death of an' 

HenSoSiB/ Keating' ftf*- * 

Heroes, ' National ' 'leg- ........... 1O 

endary ....... a 

- The Irish mythical," 

not represented 

Heroic CycTe! Tie V.-.V: ........... f 








3 65 

Nights ' 

Herschel, Sir John, on 
evolution .... 

Herself ' BARLOW' '. '. '. 

- and Myself MCCALL . . . 

Hesperia ' WILDE 

Hesperus and Phosphor, 

The Planet Venus . . . CLARKE 

Fianna, The 

Hibernian Tales, The.." 
Tales,' a Chap- 
book (fairy and 
folklore) ANONYMOUS. 



High Church Ritualists'" 
and Irish Roman- 
ists, Disraeli al- 
leges conspiracy 

Kings of Ireland, 


upon the gallows 

x t/ee SULLIVAN. . . 

Historical Account of 
the Rise and 
Progress of the 
English Stage, 
An ' MALONE . . . 

Character of Na- 
poleon, An PETRIE . . 

Essay on the 

Dress of the An. 
cient and Mod- 
ern Irish' WALKER ... 

Map of Ireland 

Society, the foun- 
dation of Irish 


- Women in Ireland 

in Penal Days. .ATKINSON... 

- Lynch law on Vin- 

egar Hill BANIM 

- A Nation's History. BURKE .... 

- Capture of Hugh 

Roe O'Donneli. .CONNELLAN.. 

4 1512 

2 40ft 

5 1787 

1 98 

6 2125 
9 3596 

2 601 
o 2232 

4 1136 
4 1*572 

6 21 ^S 
2 xii 
9 3339 

8 2888 

9 3493 
9 3708 



2 632 


Irish Literature. 



Escape of Hugh 

Roe CONNELLAN.. 2 635 

Guillotine in 

France CROKEB ... 2 676 

Repealers in Pris- 
on and Out DAUNT 3 811 

England in Shakes- 
peare's Youth. . .DOWDEN ... 3 869 

Books of Courtesy 

in the Fifteenth 

Century GREEN 4 1417 

Scene in the Irish 

Famine HIGGINB ... 4 1573 

Death of St. Co- 

lumcille HYDB 4 1618 

Splendors of Tara.HYDE 4 1610 

Food, Dress, and 

Daily Life in An- 
cient Ireland . . . JOYCE 5 1735 

Scenes in the In- 
surrection Of 1798LEADBEATER. 5 1886 

Dublin in the Eigh- 
teenth Century. .LECKY 5 1914 

Beginnings of 

Home Rule MCCARTHY.. 6 2174 

The Irish Church. MCCARTHY.. 6 2148 

An Outline of Irish 

History MCCARTHY. 62174 

The Early Stage. .MALONE ... 6 2346 

Picture of r/fsfer.MAcNEViN. 6 2274 

Irish in the War . MAGUIBB ... 6 2321 

Massacre at Drog- 

heda MURPHY ... 7 2567 

Capture of Wolfe 

Tone O'BRIEN ... 7 2604 

The First Bo?/cott.O'BRlEN ... 7 2611 

Gladstone and the 

Great Home Rule 

Debate O'CONNOR. . . 7 

Druids and Druid- 
ism O'CURRY ... 7 

O Id Books of 

Erinn O'CURRY ... 7 

Idolatry of the 

Irish O'FLAHERTY. 7 

Lia Fail; or Ja- 
cob's Stone . . . .O'PLAIIERTY. 7 

Tried by his Peers.O'FLANAGAN. 7 

' Pacata Hibernia '.O'GRADY ... 7 

Patrick Sarsfield, 

Earl of Lucan . . ONAHAN ... 7 

Shane the Proud . . O'SHEA . . . 1O 

Story of Grana- 

uaile OTWAY 





Clearing of (?a/M5CM/PRENDERGAST8 

Balaklava RUSSELL ... 8 

Marriage of Flor- 
ence MacCarthy 
More SADLER ... 8 3018 

Sarsfleld's Ride ... SULLIVAN .. 9 3323 

A Century of Sub- 
jection TAYLOR 9 3390 

Interviews with 

Buonaparte . . . .TONB 9 3418 

Origin of the 7rt,s7i.WARB 9 3547 

A Glance at Ire- 
land's History. ..WELSH .... 9 vii 

History and Biography 9 vii 

and Literature 9 vii 

' Eighty-Five Years 

of Irish ' DAUNT .... 3 811 

' Lectures on Man- 
uscript Materials 
of Irish ' O'CURRY ... 7 2670 

Not only a record 

of War 4 vii 


4 History of England ' . . LECKY 5 

' of Ireland, Criti- 
cal and Philo- 
sophical ' O'GRADY . . 7 

' A Literary ' . . HYDE 4 

1610, 1613, 

4 as told in her 

Ruins ' BURKE 1 31 

of my Horse Sal- 

adin, The BROWNE ... 1 35 

of Our Own 

Times, A ' MCCARTHY.. 6 214i 

' of the City of 

Dublin ' GILBERT ... 4 12{ 

4 of the Guillotine, 

The ' CROKER ... 2 67( 

4 of the Illustrious 

Women of Erin ' 

of -the Lombards, 

Irish version of 

the 7 267?| 

Relation of myths 

and legends to 1 vfl| 

4 Two Centuries of 

Irish ' BBYCB 1 34|| 

Hitchinson, Francis, 
duel with Lord 

Mountmorris 1 

Hobart, Major (dinner 

party) 1 

Hoche, General 9 




' M. P.' HARTLEY.... 4 1{ 

Hogarth, view of life a 

Hold the Harvest PARNELL ... 7 

Holland, described in 

' The Traveller ' 4 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 

on Moore 7 

Holy was good St. Jo- 
seph 1O 

Well, The Dark 

Girl by the KEEGAN ... 5 

Holywood 6 

Home manufactures in 

Ireland 9 

Swift on 9 

market, O'Connell 

on the 7 264' | 

Rule Association, 

The 9 

Bill (the second) 

1893 9 

Debate, Glad- 
stone and the 

Great O'CONNOR . . 7 

in Canada 6 

in the Australa- 
sian colonies 6 

Isle of Man 6 

United States 6 

Gladstone and 9 

Lady Gregory on 1 

Redmond on 8 

Beginnings of. .MCCARTHY.. 6 

First Step to- 
wards RICHMOND. . S 

vs. Local Self- 

Government 3 

Homeward Bound LOVER 5 

Honey Fair, The RHYS 8 

Honey-sweet, sweet as 

honey TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 341 

General Index. 



Honor of the Irish peo- 
ple 7 2533 

Honor, An Affair of. . .CASTLE .... 2 576 
Hoods worn by Irish 

ladies 9 3498 

'Hope, thou nurse of 

young desire ' BICKERSTAFF 1 187 

Hopper, Nora See CHESSON. 

Horneck, Mary (The 

Jessamy Bride) 4 1301 

Horned Women, The. . .WILDE .... 9 3558 
Horse, St. Columcille's. ... 2 xvii ; 4 1619 
Horse-dealing in Ire- 
land 8 3182 

Horsemanship 8 2935 

Horse racing in Ireland 8 3166 

Hose, Gentlemen's 9 3498 

in ancient times 7 2496 

Hospitality 5 1724, 1736 

in Ireland 1 29, 33 

of Cuanna's House, 

The. From the 

Irish CONNELLAN. 2 629 

Host of the Air, The. . .YEATS 9 3701 

Hostelries, Ancient 5 1736 

Hosting of the Sidhe, 

The YEATS 9 3707 

Hotel life in Ireland 8 xx 

Hotels, Dr. Magee on 8 xxi 

1 Hours of Exercise in 

the Alps ' TYNDALL . . 9 3478 

' House bv the Church- 
yard, The ' LE FANU . . 5 1934 

spirits described 3 xx 

Household occupations 1 35 

Houses, Ancient, in Ire- 
land 4 1613 

Ho iv Covetousness Came 
into the Church 
(folk song) HYDE 1O 3823 

dimmed is the 

ft'lory CALLANAN. . 2 443 

Finnachta Became 

Rich O'DONOVAN.. 7 2708 

happy is the sail- 
or's life BICKERSTAFF 1 186 

! Ireland Lost Her 

Parliament .... MCCARTHY. . 6 2161 


TURE ' was made 2 xxiii 

justiy alarmed is 

each Dublin cit.LYSAGHT. . . 6 2107 

' Long Has it Been 

Said ' RAFTERY .. . 1O 3923 

Myles Murphy got 

his Ponies out of 

the Pound GRIFFIN ... 4 1483 

sad is my case.- 

Irish Rann HYDE 1O 3835 

shall we bury him ?ALEXANDER.. 1 10 

the Anglo-Irish 

Problem 'Could 6e 

Solved DAVITT .... 3 832 

i to Become a PoetFAHY 3 1124 

; get on in the 

World MACKLIN ... 6 2237 

govern Ireland. DE VERB .. . 3 854 

jHowth and Killiney 6 2132 

scenery around 7 2652 

Hudden. Dudden. and 

_ Donald 3 xxi, 1147 

Hugh O'Neill 4 1530 

1 Roe O'Donnell, 

Capture of ...CONNELLAN. 2 632 
The Escape of. .CONNELLAN. 2 635 

Hughes, Joseph 

Huguenot influence on 

Irish dress 


Work of, for Celtic 


Humor, American , 

Conviviality in , 

Ferocity in 

Greek and Irish, 


Heartiness of Irish 

Imaginative char- 
acter of Irish 

in Iceland 

In Anglo-Irish lit- 
erature O 


sense of 

wit and, D. J. 

O'Donoghue on 


. 1 133 

. 9 3496 

. 4 1597 

. 2 xvlii 

. 1 332 

. 6 x 

. 6 ix 


. 6 viii 

. 3 943 

xii. xiii 

. 3 1114 

. 8 xvi 



Merriment in 

Theories of 

of Shakespeare, 

The DOWDEN ... 3 870 

Pathos of 6 viii 

Political 6 ix 

Prevalence of 6 x 

Sources of 6 ix 

See The Sunniness 

of Irish Life. 

Humorists, The Irish. 
See Irish Wit and 
Humor, D. J. O'Don- 

Humorous Poems. 

The French Revo- 
lution BARRY 1 151 

Friend of Human- 
ity and the 
Knife-Grinder. . .CANNING .. 2 467 

Song CANNING . . 2 466 

The Sprig of Shil- 
lelagh CODE 2 607 

Monks of the 

Screiv CURRAN ... 2 797 

Bumpers, Squire 

Jones DAWSON ... 3 841 

Katey's Letter . . . DUFFERIN . . 3 935 

Elegy on Madam 

Blaize GOLDSMITH . 4 1382 

Extracts from ' Re- 
taliation ' GOLDSMITH. 4 1380 

Haunch of Veni- 
son GOLDSMITH . 4 1377 

Father O'Flynn ..GRAVES ... 4 1412 

Paddy MacCarthy.HoG&yt 41594 

An Irish Thing in 

Rhyme KEELING .. 5 1772 

Why Are You 

Wandering H ere .'KENNEY ... 5 1807 

Good Luck to the 

Friars of Old. . . LEVER 5 1958 

The Man for Gal- 

~ way LEVER .... 5 1975 

Larry McHale . . . LEVER 5 2001 

The Pope He Leads 

a Happy Life . . LEVER 5 2002 

The Widow Ma- 

lone LEVER B 1999 

Barney O'Hea . . . LOVER C 2080 

I'm Not Myself at 

All LOVER C 2083 

The Loiu-Backed 

Car LOVER 2079 

Molly Carew .... LOVER 6 2076 


Irish Literature. 

. 6 

Humorous Poems. 

Rory O'Mcre .... LOVER . . 

The W his tlin' 

Thief LOVEH . . 

Widow Machree . . LOVER . . 

A Prospect LYSAGHT 

Herself and My- 
self MCCALL . 

Groves of JSZarnej/.MiLLiKEN 

Orator Puff MOORE . . 

Humors of Donny- 

brook Fair O'FLAHERTY 7 

Friar of Orders 

Gray O'KEEFFE . 7 

Curse of DoneraiZe^O'KELLY . . 7 

The V-A-S-E ROCHE 8 

Kitty of Coleraine SHANLY ... 8 

The Legend of 

Stiff enbach WILLIAMS . 9 

Brian O'Linn .... ANONYMOUS. 8 

Garryowen ANONYMOUS. 8 

Lanigan's Ball ...ANONYMOUS. 8 

Johnny, I Hardly 


Humorous and Sa- 
tirical Prose. 

Modern Mediwval- 

ism BARRETT . . 1 

Montmorenci and 

Cherubina BARRETT . . 1 

The Seven Baro- 

The Cow Charmer. BOYLE .... 1 

The Rival Swains. BULLOCK . . 1 

Burke, Wise and 

Witty Sayings of 1 

Condy Cullen and 

the Ganger CARLETON . 2 

Biddy Brady's 

Banshee CASEY 2 

An Affair of JTonorCASTLE .... 2 

A Blast GROTTY ... 2 

C u r r a n' s Witti- 
cisms, Some of 2 

- Guide to /grnoranceDowLiNG . . 3 
On Dublin CasMe.DowuNG .. 3 

- Portlaw to Para- 

dise DOWNEY ... 3 

- King John and the 

Mayor DOWNEY ... 2 

- Raleigh in Mun- 

ster DOWNEY ... 3 

-An Icelandic Din- 
ner DUFPERIN . 3 

Originality of Irish 
Bulls Examined . EDGEWORTH. 3 

- Darby Doyle's Voy- 

age to Quebec. .ETTINGSALL. 3 

How to Become a 

Poet FAHY 3 

-First Lord Lif tin- 
ant FRENCH ... 3 

Advice to the La- 
dies GOLDSMITH . 4 

- Beau Tibbs GOLDSMITH . 4 

-Love of Freaks. . .GOLDSMITH. 4 

- Love of QuacJf 

Medicines GOLDSMITH. 4 

'We'll See About 

It' HALL 4 

- An Extraordinary 

Phenomenon ...IRWIN .... 5 

-Poet and Publish- 

-An Irish Thing in 

Prose , KEELING . . 5 

























VOL. P.! 

Humorous Prose. 

The Thrush and 

the Blackbird ..KICKHAM .. R 1324 

The Quare Gander. LE FAND .. 5 1020 

Dinner Party 

Broken Up LEVER 5 1972 

Major Bob Ma- 

hon's flospitaViti/LEVER .... 5 1064 
Monks of the 

Screw LEVER 5 1953 I 

My First Day in 

Trinity LEVER 5 1986 1 

My Last Night in 

Trinity LEVER . 5 1990 1 

Othello at Drill. .. LEVER . 5 1079 

Barny O'Reirdon . . LOVER . 5 

The Gridiron LOVER . 5 20GJ 

King O'Toole and 

St. Kevin LOVER . 5 

New Potatoes .... LOVER . 6 

Paddy the Piper . . LOVER . 5 

Fionn MacCumhail 

and the Prince&s.McCALL ... 6 

Nathaniel P. CrampMcCARTHY . . 6 

Love- Ma king 

in Ireland MACDONAGH 6 

Jim Walsh's Tin 


Macklin, Anecdotes 

of O 

Why T'omas Dubh 

Walked MACMANUS. . 6 

O'C o nn ell and 

Biddy Moriarty . MADDEN ... 6 

Bob Burke' s DweLMAGiNN ... 6 

Daniel O'Rourke. .MAGINN ... 6 

Rogueries of Tom 

Moore MAHONY . . O 

The Captain's 

Story MAXWELL . . 6 

A Letter from Gal- 
way MAXWELL . . 6 

Loan of a Congre- 
gation MAXWELL .. 6 

A Goodly Com- 
pany MOORE .... 7 

O'Rory Converses 

with the Qual- 
ity MORGAN ... 7 

O'Connell, Some 

Anecdotes of 7 

Paddy Fret, the 

Priest's Boy . . ..O'DONNELL.. 7 
Father O'Leary, 

Anecdotes of 7 

Her Majesty the 

King ROCHE 8 

Sheridan, Sons 

Mots of 8 

Lisheen Races, 

Second-Hand . . . SOMESVILLE. 8 

Trinket's Colt . . . SOMERVILLE. 8 

Sterne, Some Bons 

Mots of 8 

Widow W adman's 

Eye STERNE .... 8 

Rackrenters on the 

Stump SULLIVAN .. 9 

Gulliver among 

the Giants SWIFT 9 

Gulliver among 

me Piamies SWIFT 

Humors of Donegal ' .MACMANUS 


Humphrey attacked by 

Lord Santry ................... ? 



2254 I 

2281 1 



2337 ] 

24C8 I 

2549 !| 










General Index* 


Hunchback Quasimodo, 

Hugo's description of 6 2343 

Hunt, The LEVER 5 1995 

Hunting, Irish love of 8 xiii 

Bunting Song 4 1490 

- Tom Moody CHERRY ... 2 588 

Huntsman, The Death 

of the GRIFFIN ... 4 1489 

Hush ! hear you how 
the night wind STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3295 

Hutchinson, Hely, duel 

with Doyle 1 143 

Huxley, Professor T. H., 
on the origin of 

life 4 1785 

on Bishop Berke- 
ley 1 1734 

Huzza for McDonnell, 

Dunluce is our own 7 2856 

Hy-Brasail; The Isle of 
the Blest (see also 

I-Breasil) 4 1510 

trait) 4 1603 

M. P. Egan on 5 vii 

on antiquity ol 

Irish litera- 
ture 3 xvil 

early Irish lit- 
erature 2 vli 

Kennedy's col- * 

lection of folk 

tales 5 1789 

Eugene O'Currj 7 2663 

J. O'Donovanand 

' The Annals 
of the Four 

Masters ' 7 2705 

Mrs. Clement 

Shorter's verse 8 3126 

Dr. Sigerson's 

poetry 8 3132 

The plays of 1O xiii 

The Twisting of 

the Rope 1O 3989 

I Work of, for Cel- 
tic literature 2 xviii 

W. B. Yeats on 

translations of 3 xiv 

Hy-Many, Connacht 7 2762 

The Tribes and 

Customs of 7 2705 

\Hymn Before Tarah, St. 
Patrick's. From 

the Irish MANGAN ... 6 2360 

Called St. Pat- 
rick's Breast- 

plate, The STOKES ... 8 3244 

to Contentment/ 

From PARNELL . . 7 2876 


There is a Green 
Hill Far Away . .ALEXANDER. 1 

Litany MONSELL . . 7 2465 

$oon and Forever. MONSELL .. 7 2466 

I Sound the Loud 

Timbrel MOORE 72537 

This World is All 

a Fleeting Sh .010. MOORE .... 7 2538 

Thou Art, O God. MOORE 7 2538 

Hynes, Mary, and Raf- 

tery 9 3667 

(Hyperbole in Irish llt- 


erature 2 

Hypocrite, The' BICKERSTAFF 1 

am a friar of orders 

gray O'KEEFFE 

a wand'ring min- 
strel man .... WALSH . 

desolate SIGERSON 

God's Martin ' 

(Irish Rann) ..HYDE .. 
the tender voice.RussELL 


. 7 2778 

. 9 3503 
. 8 3137 

,10 3841 
. 8 2999 

bind myself to day 

to a strong vir- 
tue STOKES ... 8 3244 

' do not love thee!'. NORTON ... 7 2589 

drink to the 

Graces, Law, 

Physic, Divinity. LEVER 5 1993 

found in Innisfail 

the fair MANGAN ... 6 2375 

give my heart to 

thee > O'GRADY ... 7 2760 

go to knit two 

clans together . . DE VERB . . 3 860 
grieve when I 

think HOGAN 5 1593 

groan as I put out.TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3458 
hate a castle on 

log land built ' 

(Irish Rann) ..HYDE 1O 3839 

' hate poor hounds 

about a house ' 

(Irish Rann) ..HYDE 1O 3839 

heard a distant 

clarion blare.. ARMSTRONG. 1 25 

the dogs howl in 

the moonlight 

night ALLINGHAM. 1 21 

' hope and pray 

that none may- 
kill me ' HYDE 1O 3833 

' knew by the 

smoke ' MOORE 7 2529 

know a lake O'BRIEN ... 7 2602 

a maiden ; she is 

dark and fair.O'DoNNELL. 7 2687 
what will hap- 
pen, sweet ....SULLIVAN... 9 3340 

who won the 

peace of God.. STOKES ... 8 3261 

left two lovers . . .M'GEE 7 2224 

love you, and 1 

love you FURLONG . . 4 1242 

loved a love a 

royal love LEAMY .... 5 1910 

made another gar- 
den, yea O'SHAUGH- 

NESSY ... 7 2844 
met an ould cail- 

lach SKRINE ... 8 3152 

' Mind not being 

drunk, but then ' 

(Irish Rann) ..HYDE 1O 3833 

placed the silver 

in her palm ....CAREY .... 2 573 

said my pleasure.. RUSSELL .. 8 3001 

sat within the val- 
ley green JOYCE 5 1746 

saw the Master of 

the Sun DE VERB . . 3 858 

sell the best brandy 

and sherry MAGRATH ..1O 4016 

Khali not die for 

love of thee.. . GRAVES ... 4 1414 
Die for T7iee...IlYDE 4 1656 

sit beside my dar- 
ling's grave . . . .O' LEAKY 

7 2796 


Irish Literature. 


I tell you an ancient 

story GWYNN ... 4 1523 

thank the goodness 

and the grace 4 1610 

walked in the lone- 
some evening . . .ALLINGHAM. 1 14 
want no lectures 

from a learned 

master GRIFFIN ... 4 1382 

watched last night 

the rising moon . .KENEALY .. 5 1788 
wear a shamrock 

in my heart . . . .GILBERT ... 4 1279 
will arise and go 

now YEATS .... 9 3707 

would I were on 

yonder hill STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3315 

I-Breasil (see also Hy- 

Brasail) MACMANDS.. 62268 

Ibsen and the Irish 

drama 1O xx 

Iceland, Manners and 

customs in 3 943 

Icelandic Dinner,, An. . .DUFFERIN . 3 942* 
Icilius, the Roman lover 

of Virginia 5 1850 

I'd rock my own sweet 

childie GRAVES 4 1411 

wed you without 

herds 3 1181 

'Ideals in Ireland '... .RUSSELL .. 8 2989 
' Ideas of Good and 

Evil ' YEATS. 9 3654, 3661 

Idler in France, The. . . BLESSING- 
TON 1 212 

Idolatry of the Irish. . O'FLAHERTY 7 271S 
If I had thought thou 

couldsthave died. WOLFE 

I'm the Faery fool, 
Dalua CHESSON . . 

sadly thinking, 
with spirits sink- 
ing CORRAN . . . 

you go over desert 

and mountain.O'SHADGH- 

NESSY ... 

hope to teach, 
you must be a 
fool' (Irish 
Rann) HYDE 

9 3634 
2 593 

2 796 

7 2845 

searched the 
county o' Car- 
low M'CALL 

would like to see FAHY 

,10 3833 

6 2122 
3 1132 
3 881 

' Ignorant Essays ' DOWLINQ . 

Ikerrin 3 859 

Ilbrec, son of Manan- 

nan 4 1449 

Illicit distilling 1 46: 2 541: 4 1456 

Illuminated MSS., An- 
cient Irish 2 xx 

ornaments and ini- 
tials (color plate)... . 4 1620; 8 Front 
9 Front 

I'm a bold undaunted 

Irishman STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3275 

left all alone like 

a stone GRAVES .... 4 1414 

Not Mi/self at All. LOVER G 2083 

sittin' on the stile. 

Mary DUFFERIN . 3 933 

up and down and 

round about .... SWIFT .... 9 3389 

very happy where 

I am BOUCICAULT. 1 257 


Imaal, The crags of 

Image of beauty, when I RUSSELL 
Imageries of dreams re- 

' Imagination and Art 

in Gaelic Litera- 
ture ' ROLLESTON . . 8 

Scientific Limit oj 

the TYNDALL . . 9 

Scientific use of 

the i 

Imaginative charactei- 

of Irish wit 6 

element in the 

Irish character 4 

Imogen, Shakespeare's 

love of 3 

' Impeachment of War- 
ren Hastings ' BURKE 1 

Imperatrix, Ave WILDE .... 9 

Imports and exports, 

Irish 9 

Impressionism 9 

Imtheacht na Tromd- 

hainihe, The 2 

In a quiet watered land. ROLLESTON . 8 

a slumber visional. SIGERSON .. 8 

Defense of Charles 

Gavan Duffy . . . WHITESIDE. 
Egypt's land, con- 

tagious to the 


Exile, Australia . . ORR 

France they called 

them Trouba- 
dours LOVER .... 

Ireland 't is even- 

ing ORR 

Pulchram Lactl 

f eram MAHONY . . 

a i n t Patrick's 


September TODHUNTER. 

Siberia's wastes. .MANGAN ... 

the airy whirling 

wheel .ROLLESTON. . 

The Engine-Shed. .WILKINS .. 

4 the Gates of the 

North ' O'GRADY . .. 

the gloomy ocean 

bed ROCHE 

the gold vale of 

Limerick STREET BAL- 

the heart of a 

German forest. ..ROLLESTON. 
the heart of high 

blue hills FURLONG . . 

' the Kingdom of 

Kerry' CROKER . . . 

the town of Ath^ 

one Jeremy Lani- 



4 16991 







8 3134 

9 3550 

the Valley 

the wet dusk 
ver sweet . . 
- Thoughtland 
Dreamland ' 

LAD .. 

. . . MARTLEY 



. . . KEELING 

yonder well there 
lurks a spell . . . MAHONY 



















General Index. 



ncome-Tax, Speech in 
I Opposition to Pitt's 

I First SHERIDAN . . 8 307! 

hdependence, Declara- 
tion of American 4 1665 

ndia. See Warren 


- cruelties in 1 385 

ndian Chief, Capture 

of an REID 8 2935 

horsemanship 8 z 

Tale, An 4 1323 

idia's diadems 7 2511 

adividual ownership 

of land 7 2866 

adividuality of Irish 

literature 2 xvii 

ado-European family, 

Irish part of an 3 xvii 

idustries, Irish 9 3362 

ifanticide in ancient 

Greece 6 2332 

ifluence of Irish learn- 
ing and art 4 1599 

the Irish Lan- 
guage, The ' ..O'BRIEN ... 7 2614 


lieritance RUSSELL . . 8 3002 

is Fail, the Isle of 

Destiny 2 443 ; 5 1708 

isf ail 5 1745 

Aldfrid's Itinerary 

in 6 2375 

See Ode written on 

Leaving Ireland 
and Ways of 
isf alien .5 1875 

Killarney (half- 

tone engraving) 8 3020 

ruined abbey at 8 3020 

The beauty of 5 1875 

ishmaan 5 1884 

ismore. The Prince o /".MORGAN ... 7 2543 
justice of DisquaUfl- 
cation of Catholics, 

Of the GRATTAN . . 4 1405 

nisboffln, Island of 4 1266 

niscarra BUCKLEY .. 1 351 

nisdoyle 2 758 

'.free, The Lake Isle 

YEATS .... 9 3707 

nishoiven DUFFY 3 961 

nistuil 2 632 

ny (river), The 2 573, 575 

acription ALEXANDER. 1 8 

scriptions (Petrie's 

Christian cited) 9 3684 

sularity of the Greeks 6 2332 

surrection of Tyrone 

land Desmond, The 7 2862 

Itellectual achievement 

and moral force 9 2468 

awakening caused 

by The Nation 9 xi 

(termarriage of Irish 

and English prohib- 
ited 9 lx 

[terpretation of Lite- 

\rature, The DOWDEN ... 3 866 

Interview bet ween Fion 

Ma Cubhall and Can- 

Inan ' 9 3494 

\terviews with Buona- 

parte TONE 9 3418 

to the Twilight YEATS 9 3705 


Invasion, The Danish 9 viii 

Invasions, caused dis- 
persion of MSS 7 2670 

of Ireland 9 vii 

Inver Bay, My MACMANUS.. 6 2264 

Sceine 4 1484 

lona, The Abbacy of 4 1618 

lona's ruined cloisters 6 2226 

Iota See CAFFYN ... 2 429 

Ireland GWYNN ... 4 1532 

A Literary History 

of HYDE 4 1603 

1610, 161B, 1618 
A Sorrowful La- 
ment for GREGORY . . 4 1459 

Ancient Legends 


and the Arts 
-Annals of '. . 

. . . 9 3557 
3561, 3566 
. 9 3661 

.... YEATS 

O'DONOVAN. 7 2706 

2708, 2709 

. . of 1 399 

Cromwell in' MURPHY ... 7 2567 

-Fair Hills of FERGUSON . 3 1185 

- Food r Dress and 

Daily Life in An- 
cient JOYCE 5 1735 

- her own or the 

world in a blaze 8 3067 

- Historic and Pic- 

turesque ' JOHNSTON . 5 1702 

-How to Govern ... DE VERB ... 3 854 
-in 1720, Essay on 

the State of TONE 9 3415 

-in 1727, A Short 

View of SWIFT .... 9 3362 

- in 1798, The State 

of TONE 9 3421 

- in Penal Days, 

Women in ATKINSON . 1 28 

-in Summer (half- 
tone engraving) 5 1703 

- in the New Cen- 

tury ' PLUNKETT . 8 2908 

-in the Past Gen- 
eration, Revela- 
tions of MADDEN ... 6 2281 

- JO H N , ARCH- 

BISHOP (portrait) 5 1662 

Justice for O'CONNELL.. 7 2641 

- Letters on the 

State of DOYLE .... 3 919 

Love-making in . . . MACDONAGH O 2193 
Meeting, A Young . MACCARTHY. 6 2180 

No Snakes in O'KEEFFE .. 7 2771 

-of His Day. The '.FERGUSON . 3 1170 
oh Ireland ! cen- 
ter of my long- 
ings GWYNN .... 4 1532 

On the Policy for.MEAGHER .. 6 2415 
-St. Patrick, 'Apos- 
tle of TODD . . 

- Sixty Years Ago '.WALSH . 

- Sketches in ' OTWAY . 

9 3400 
9 3513 

7 2848 

-The Cromwellian 

Settlement of . .PRENDER- 

GAST .... 8 2913 
The Glory of . . . .MEAGHER .. 6 2420 
-The National Mu- 
sic of BURKE 2 400 

The Northmen in.. STOKES ... 8 3238 
The Pillar Towers 

of MACCARTHY. 6 2130 

- The Story of . , , SULLIVAN . . 9 3323 


Irish Literature. 

' Ireland, The Whole 
Works of Sir 
James Ware Con- 
cerning ' WARE 


' Traces of the El- 
der Faiths of '. .WOOD-MAR- 
TIN 9 

Visible and Invisi* 


N. B. The foregoing are the titles 
in which the word " Ireland " oc- 
curs : to index all references to 
Ireland would have taken too 
much space and is scarcely nec- 

' Ireland's Cause in Eng- 
land's P a r 1 i a - 

ment ' MCCARTHY 

Influence on Euro- 
pean literature. .SIGERSON .. 4 

Part in English 

Achievement . ...SHEIL 8 

Wrongs, Carlyle 

on 3 

Iris Olkyrn See MILLIGAN. 

Irish, A Plea for tht 

Study of O'BRIEN 

' Antiquities, Hand 

bOOk Of W A K E M A N 

andCooKE. 9 

As a Spoken I/an- 

guage HYDE 4 

Astronomy , HALPINE . . 4 

' Bar, The ' O'FLANAGAN. 7 









7 2614 




- Bear, An 7 

- Borough Franchise 

Bill, The 6 2176 

- Bulls Examined, 

Originality of . .EDGEWORTH. 3 1055 
-' Celts, Legendary 

Fictions of the '.KENNEDY . . 5 1796 
1799, 1801, 1803 

- Chiefs, The DUFFY .... 3 959 

- Church, The MCCARTHY . . 6 2148 

- Confederation, The 6 2419 

-contingent of 

Louis XV., The 7 2815 

- Cry, The WILSON ... 9 3617 

- Doomsday Book, 7 2705 

- Dress of the An- 

cient WALKER ... 9 3493 

- Ecclesiastical Re- 

mains, Ancient. .PETRIB 8 2880 

- Emigrant in Amer- 

ica, Song of 

the FITZSIMON. . 3 1206 

Lament of tfte.DDFFERiN . 3 933 

- Exile, The M A c D E R- 

MOTT ... 6 2189 

- Fairy and Folk 

Tales WELSH ... 3 xvit 

Tales' LEAMY 51899 

- Famine, A Scene 

in the HIGGINS . . 4 1573 

- Farmer in Contem- 

p 1 a t i o n , The 

(color plate) 1 xvl 

Felon, The' LALOR ... 5 1855 

- Fisheries Bill, The 6 2176 

Folk Tales' LARMINIE . 5 1866 

- See Irish Fairy 


- Gentry and their 

Retainers BARRINGTON. l 138 


Irish Grandmother, The. STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

' History, An Out- 
line of MCCARTHY. . 6 

Eighty- Five 


Years o 

Lectures on 
Manu script 
Materials of..O'CuRRY .. 7 
House of Com- 
mons, October, 
1783 . . 4 




- Ideas ' O'BRIEN 

- Idylls ' BARLOW 

- in America, The '.MAGUIRE 
in America, The .. O'BRIEN 

in the War, The. .MAGUIRE 
Intellect, The GILES 

Land Bill of 1876*. .'.'.'.' O 

Language of the 

Ancient WARE 9 

prohibited 9 

Life, The Sunniness 


Literature, Charac- 
teristics of , 

wrongly classed 

as English 2 

Continuity of 2 

England's i n - 

debtedness to 2 

Individuality of 2 

National spirit 

in 2 

Racial flavor of 2 

(special article). MCCARTHY. I 

Love Song, An . . .FURLONG . . 4 

Lullaby GRAVES ... 4 

Manuscripts. (See 

Ancient Irish 

1 Melodies.' Moore's 6 

' Ministrelsy, Hard- 

iman's 4 

' Misdeeds, English 

Misrule and ' . . .DE VERB . . 3 

Mistake, An READ 8 

Molly O FAHY 3 

LAD 8 

Municipal Fran- 
chise Bill. The 6 

Privileges Bill 6 

Music PETRIE .... 1 


Musical G eni u s, 


Novels : .EGAN 5 

Parliament, Inde- 
pendence of 9 

Speech in 3 1212, 





S vil 
2 xviil 














Patriot, The Ambi- 
tion of the PHILLIPS .. 8 

- Peasant to his 

Mistress, The. MOORE .... 7 

Justin McCarthy 

on Moore's 6 

- People and the 

Irish Land, 

The ' BUTT 2 427 

not represented 

by the Irish 

Parliament 21 62 

- Prose ' 10 3959 

question an Ameri- 
can question 9 3329 

General Index. 


Irish railways, The bill 

for purchase of 6 

Rapparees, The. . .DUFFY .... 3 

Reaper's Harvest 

Hymn, The .... KEEGAN ... 5 

Registration of 

Voters Bill, The 6 

Rights, Declara- 
tion of GRATTAN . . 4 

Romanists and Rit- 
ualists, Disraeli 
alleges conspir- 
acy between 6 

scholars in Europe 9 

School of Oratory, 

The TAYLOR ... 7 

' Sketch Book,' 

(quoted) 3 

Spinning Wheel, 

The GRAVES ... 4 

State Church, 

Gladstone on 6 

Surnames of the 

Ancient .WARE 9 

Idolatry of the . .O'FLAHERTY. 7 

The Origin of the. WARE 4 

Thing in Prose, A^.KEELING . . 5 

in Rhyme, An.. KEELING .. 5 

Wit and Humor. . . O ' D o N o- 

GHUE ... 6 

4 Wits and Wor- 
thies ' FlTZPATRICK 3 

jects of, denned 1 

See N. B. at end of Ireland, ante. 

Irish-Australians 7 

Irishman, The ORR 7 

Irishman's Farewell to 

his Country STREET BAL- 
LAD .... 8 

Irishmen as Rtilers, On . DUFFERIN . 3 
' in Foreign Ser- 
vice, Eminent ' . . ONAHAN ... 7 
Irreverent Milton ! bold 

I deem MULLANEY . 7 

Irony. See Humor. 

of Dean Swift 6 





Is he then gone ? BROOKE ... 1 

it thus r O Shame . . SAVAGE .... 8 

thy will that I 

should wax 

and wane .... WILDE .... 9 

there one desires 

to hear LARMINIE . 5 

Island Fisherman, An. . TYNAN- 


of Atlantis, The. ..CROLY 2 

of Saints and 

Scholars 9 

Ireland the 1 xvii ; 2 

Islandbridge 7 

4 Isle in the Water, An '.TYNAN- 

of the Blest, The. .GRIFFIN 

It Is far and it is far. .MILLIGAN 
not beauty I de- 
mand .DARLEY . 

not travel makes 

the man ....FLECKNOE 


was long past the 

noon SAVAGE- ARM- 
STRONG .. 8 
on the Mount 

Cithseron WILKINS .. 9 

























It was the fairy of the 

place RUSSELL .. 8 

very early in the 

spring STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3278 

Italian Gesticulation. . .WISEMAN . 9 3627 
Italy described in Gold- 
smith's The Travel- 
ler 4 1359 

It's a lonely road 

through bog-land . . . RUSSELL . . 8 2997 

' To mix-icithout- 

fault ' (Irish 

Rann) HYDE 1O 3835 

Its edges foamed with 

amethyst RUSSELL .. 8 

Ivara 2 

Ivor, Lament for King. STOKES ... 8 




J. K. L See DOYLE. 

4 Jack Hinton ' LEVER. 5 1952, 

Jackets, Women's 9 

Jackson, Andrew, of the 

Ship Castledown 6 

Jacob Omnium See HIGGINS. 

Jacobinism 2 

Jacobite cause, The 9 

Jacob's Stone (half-tone 

engraving) O'FLAHERTY. 7 

Jail Journal, John 

Mitchel's ' MITCHEL 

James II., Curran on 2 780, 

and Ireland 9 

Memoirs of (cited) 9 

Sarsfield's loyalty 

to 7 


Jamie Freel and the 

Young Lady MACLINTOCK 6 

Jane: A Sketch from 

Dublin Life .... COSTELLO . . 2 

Grey, Execution of 

Lady 3 

Janus RUSSELL . . 8 

J a p h e t , Ireland de- 
scended from 9 

Jarvey (comic paper) *3 

Jaunting-car (half-tone 

engraving) 2 

Jephson's anecdote of 

Faulkner 4 

Jeffers, Lady *3 

Jefferson, J., as Bob 

Acres (portrait) 8 

Jenny from Ballinasloe. STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

Jeremy Diddler (char- 
acter in ' Raising the 
Wind') 5 

Jerrold, B., on ' Father 

Prout ' 6 

' Jessamy Bride, The ' . . MOORE 7 

(Mary Horneck) 4 


' Jesukin ' SIGERSON . . 8 

Jim Walsh's Tin Box. .MACINTOSH. 6 

Jocelyn, Robert 7 

John O'Dwyer of the 

Glen FURLONG . . 4 

of the Two Sheep. HYDE 4 

Johneen SKRINB .... 8 























Irish Literature. 


Johnny, I Hardly Knew 

LAD 8 3230 


and the Rhy- 
mers' Club 5 1G93 

on W. Ailing- 
ham's verse 1 11 

on J. C. Man- 

gan 6 2351 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xiii 

Dr. S., and Mack- 

lin 6 2241 

on E. Burke 1 369 

on Sir John Den- 
ham 3 849 

on Ireland's 

learning 1 xvii 

on the Earl of 

Roscommon 8 2981 

on ' The Tem- 

nt' 2 407 
loodly Com- 
pany and The 
Haunch of Vent- 

Johnson's Dictionary 7 2479 

Johnston, Anna. See MACMANUS. 

CHARLES 5 1702 


Jonathan Freke 

Slingsby See WALLER. 

Jones, Mr. Bence, Boy- 
cotting of 7 2613 

Jordan, Mrs 5 1920 

Jordan's Banks 7 2517 

Josephus on the dis- 
persal after Babel 9 3548 

Journal of a Lady of 

Fashion BLESSI NG- 

TON 1 193 

1 to Stella, The '.SWIFT 9 3378 

Journey in Disguise, J..BDRTON ... 2 408 
Journeys End in Lovers 

Meeting KICKHAM . 5 1815 

' Jove's Poet.' See MOORE. 

Joy ! Joy ! the day Is 

come at last DUFFY .... 3 954 

TON (portrait) 5 1713, 1730 


Judge's Bill, The 4 1395 

July the first of a 

morning clear STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3271 

Junius, the Letters of 3 1226 

Jupiter's moons 1 38 

Just after the war, in 

the year LE FANU . . 5 1937 

Justice for Ireland O'CONNELL. 7 264] 


Kalavala , 

Kant on materialism 

Kate Kearney MORGAN . 

of Arraglen LANE . . . 

of Garnavilla .... LYSAGHT , 

Katey's Letter DDFFERIN 

Kathaleen ISM Houlihan 

Ny-H o u I a h e n , 

From the Irish . . MANGAN . 

' Kathleen Mavourneen' 
(half-tone en- 
graving) CRAWFORD 

O'More ,,.,,,.,. REYNOLDS 

9 3654 
9 3464 
7 2555 

5 1863 

6 2108 
3 935 
6 2268 

6 2380 

2 658 
8 2939 


Kauffmann, Angelica, 

The Art of 7 2473 

KAVANAGH, ROSE 5 17.">2 

Kearsage, The ROCHE 8 2964 

KEARY, ANNIE 5 1755 

ography) 1O 4012 

P. S. Dineen on 1O 3959. 

Keating's cave in Aher- 

low Glen 7 261 5 

Keats, Celtic influence 

on 9 305") 




Keenan, Sir Patrick 4 

Keening and Wake ....Woo D-MAR- 

TIN 9 3640 

of the Three Marys 

(folk song) HYDE 1O 



M. F. Egan on .5 

Kelkar, Son of Uther. . . 7 

Kells 5 

Book of 5 1737 ; 7 

(color plate) 9 Front 

Crosses at 9 3485 

Kelly, Eva Mary. . .See O'DOHERTY. 

HUGH 5 1781 

D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on wit of 6 xHl 

Goldsmith on . .4 1381 




Margaret 9 3503 

the Fenian leader, 

Rescue of 7 2607 


Kenealy, Dr., D. J. 

O'Donoghue on 

wit of 6 xiv 

WILLIAM 5 1788 

K e n m a r e, Rinucini's 

journey from 1 32 


Kennedys, The 3 941 

KENNEY, JAMES 5 1805 ' 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on wit of 6 xiii 

Kensington and Rane- 

lagh Gardens 1 165 

Keogh, Anecdotes of. . .FITZPATRICK 3 1199 

Jemmy 1 145 


(portrait) 5 1809 

Kerry " a fit cradle for 

O'Connell" 4 1588 

Ancient families 

of 4 1590 

Dance, The MOLLOY ... 6 2457 

' In the Kingdom 

of CROKER ...2 660 

Number of Irish 

words used in . 4 1607 

The Knight of 4 1590 

Kerry's pride and Mun- 

ster's glory 8 3066 

Key-Shield of the Mass 1O 3965 

SEPH 5 1 855 

and the ' Irish Peo- 
ple' O'LEARY ... 72798 

as a humorist 6 xv 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 5 xvii 

M. F, Egan on 5 vii, xvi 

General Index. 



Kickham, W. B. Yeats on 3 xi 

Kieran, St., and Clon- 

macnoise 9 3484 

Kilbride, Carlow to 3 1182 

Kilcoe, The Glens of 4 1255 

Kilcrea 1 353 

Kilcullen 5 1894, 1898 

Kildare, Bishop of 4 1600 

Brigit at 8 3253 

landlord, A 4 1574 

The House of 7 2741 

Pooka, The KENNEDY .. 5 1796 

The Curragh of 5 1802 

Kilkee .5 1740 

Kilduff 2 647 

4 Kilhwch and Olwen ' 41598 

Kilkenny Exile's Christ- 
mas Song, The. . KENEALY . . 5 1788 

Man, The See CAMPION. 

Statute of 9 3391 

The ' holy well ' 

near 5 1766 

Kill, Bh61ate 4 1623 

Killaan 2 689 

Killala 4 1575 

The Bishops of 6 2232 

The French at 9 3697 

The Scene of 

Cathleen ni Hool- 

ihan 1O xxl 

Killaloe 6 2377 

Killarney. See Dermot 
A store. 

Colleen Bawn Rock 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 4 1494 

Echo at the lake 

of 3 1056 

The beauty of 5 1876 

The Falls of (half- 
tone engraving) 5 1876 

The Lake of. See 


The Lakes of (color 

>late) 4 Front 

at 5 1714 

Mountain Cottage 
In (half-tone en- 

gravinsr) 4 1484 

O'Connell at . ... T 2652 


Killenaule affair, The 7 2798 

Killibegs 5 1575 

Killilee 6 2354 

Killiney 6 2132 

Bay 41424 

Hill 72651 

Kilmartin See JOHN WALSH. 

Kilrush 5 1958 

Kiltown Abbey 6 2250 

Kilwarden, Lord 2 797 

Kilworth 2 681 

Mountains, The 7 2730 

Kimbay Maeflontann 7 2757 

King Ailill's Death . . . STOKES . . * 8 3261 

Bagenal DAUNT 3 817 

Charles he is King 

James's son .... CALLANAN . 2 442 

John and the 

Mayor DOWNEY ... 3 1900 

of Denmark's Ride, 

The NORTON ... 7 2587 

England pro- 

claimed King 

of Ireland 9 3390 

Ireland's Son, 

The (see also 

The Red Dwcfc)CHESSON . . 2 590 


King of Prussia, The, 

and feudal land 

tenure 7 2866 

the Black Des- 
ert, The. From 

fairy and folk 

lore HYDE 10 3713 

the Cats, Sean- 

chan the Bard 

and the WILDE 9 3566 

O'Toole and 8t. 

Kevin LOVER 

5 2046 
5 1833 
3 967 


William ECCLES 

Kingly Power, The 2 780 

Kingstown 7 2651 

Kinkora. From the Irish 

of Mac-Liag MANGAN . . . 6 2377 

Kinnegad 5 1961 

Kinsale Fisherman, A 5 2009 

The battle of 7 2744 

The landing of the 

Spaniards at 7 2740 

Kinvara 3 1134 

Kinvarra (Kenn-Mara) 5 1729 


as an Orator 3 1202 

Eloquence of 1 127 

Grattan's tribute 

to 7 xvii 

not a plagiarist 1 128 

Mount 6 2413 

Kish of Brogues, A. . . . BOYLE . 

Kitty Neal WALLER 

of Coleraine SHANLY 

Knife-Grinder, Friend 

of Humanity and MC.CANNING 
Knight of the Sheep. . .GRIFFIN 
Tricks, The HYDE 

1 264 
9 3500 
8 3032 

2 467 
4 1466 

10 3751 

Knighting of Cuchulain.O' GRAVY . . 7 2756 

Knights of Tara 1 146 

Knock-na-Fian 7 2754 

' Knocknagow ' KICKHAM . 5 1815 

Knockthu, The Hill of 4 1255 

IDAN (portrait) 5 1846 

Kylemore 6 2391 

Knowledge, Injury of 3 882 



La Cruche and Kitty of 

Coleraine 8 3032 

La Hogue, Sea fight off 7 2823 

La Touche, the Banker 6 2106 

Ladies, Advice to the. .GOLDSMITH. 4 1322 

Irish, Dress of 9 3497 

Lady Gay Spanker 
(character in 
' London Assur- 
ance ) 1 252 

Jane Grey DE VERB . . 3 851 

of Fashion, Jour- 
nal of a BLESSING- 
TON 1 193 

Teazle, Ada Rehan 

as 8 3105 

Laeg, Son of Riangabra : 4 1433 

Laegaire, King, and St. 
Patrick. (See also 

Laogar, or Laoghaire) 4 1601 

Laeghaire (Leary) 4 1616 

Laffan, May. See MRS. HARTLEY. 

Laffans, The 3 941 

La Gioconda (half-tone 

engraving) 3 877 


Irish Literature. 


Laigaire 4 1443 

Lake Isle of Innisfree, 

The . YEATS 9 3707 

of the Dismal 

Swamp, The . . . MOORE 7 2539 

Lakes of Killarney 

(color plate) 4 Front 

or loughs of Ul- 
ster, The 6 2275 

Lalla Rookh ' MOOBE 7 2509 

Father Prout on 6 2342 

Meagher on 6 2421 


Lambert, Nannie . . . SeeMRS. POWER 


Lambert, Old Lady 
(character in 'Mr. 
Mawworn ') 1 182 

Lament. From the Irish 

of Owen Ward..MANGAN .. 6 2352 

A. From the IrishCuRRAN ...2 768 

Claragh's. From 

the Irish D' ALTON ..2 803 

for Ireland, A Sor- 
rowful GREGORY ... 4 1459 

for King Ivor .... STOKES ... 8 3260 

O Dalcassians ! the 

Eagle HOGAN 4 1591 

of Maev Leith- 

Dherg,The. From 

the Irish ROLLESTON. 8 2975 

of O'Gnive, The. 

From the Irish. .CALLANAN . 2 443 

of the Irish Emi- 
grant DUFFERIN . 3 933 

of the Irish 

Maiden, The ...LANE 5 1865 

of tjie Mangaire 

Sugach. From 

the Irish WALSH ... 9 3508 

over the Ruins of 

the Abbey of 

Timoleague ....FERGUSON . 3 1177 

Lamentation of Hugh 
Reynolds, The STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3292 

Lancashire cotton mills 1 37 

Land Act, Irish 2 426 

of 1870, The 6 2178 ; 9 xi 

The motion of 

1875 for in- 
quiry into the 
workings of the 6 2176 

Agents. See Cas- 
tle Rackrent and 
The Gombeen 

Bill of 1876, the 

Irish 6 2177 

Fairies described 3 xviii 

improvement in 

Ireland 9 3365 

Individual owner- 
ship of 7 2866 

League, The Irish 

National 9 xi 

of Cokaigne, The 8 3134 

' of St. Lawrence, 

From the' ....EGAN 3 1080 

ownership 5 1855 

purchase scheme, 

Gladstone's 9 xi 

question, The. See 

An Eviction. 

Parnell on the 6 2178 

Land tenure, Frederick 

William of 

Prussia 7 

Froude cited on 7 

John Bright on 7 

On BUTT 2 

See also 5 1855 ; 7 





2 vii 



Landen. The battle of 3 957 ; 7 

Landlords and Tenants 2 

Landlordism 1O 


Language, fossil poetry 9 

Irish as a /Sfpofcen-.IlYDE 4 

of the Ancient 

Irish WARE 9 

Langue d'oil and langue 

d'oc, Irish older than 

Languish, Lydia (char- 
acter in ' The Rivals ') 8 

Lanigan's Ball 8 

Laogar, King 7 

Laogar's daughters, con- 
verted by St. Patrick 7 

Laoghaire's Daughters, 
Conversion of Kino 
(fairy and folk tale). ANONYMOUS. 3 

Laoi na mn& m6ire 4 

Lapful of Nuts, The. . .FERGUSON . 3 
Larkin executed at Man- 
chester 7 2608 ; 9 

Larks TYNAN- 



Larry M'Hale LEVER .... 5 

Last Desire, The ROLLESTON. 8 

Gleeman, The ...YEATS .... 9 

Music, The JOHNSON ... 5 

Rose of Summer, 

The MOORE .... 7 

Speech of Robert 

Emmet EMMET ... 3 

' Latitudes, Letters from 

High ' DUFFERIN . 3 

Latnamard 3 

Lauderdale, Lord, Sher- 
idan on 8 3123, 

Lavalla, The Lake of 6 


Penal Laws, The. .MCCARTHY.. 6 

Nation's Right, A.MOLYNEUX . 6 

Tried by his Peers.O'FLANAGAN T 


M. F. Egan on 5 

Lawrence's Gate, Drog- 
heda (half-tone en- 
graving) 7 

Lawrence's, Sir T., por- 
trait of Lady Bless- 

ington ' 1 

Laws of coinage, The 9 

Lay of Ossian and Pat- 
rick, A G WYNN 4 

of the Famine, A . STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

of Gudrun, The, 

and Ireland 4 

Lazy Beauty and her 
Aunts, The KENNEDY ... 5 


as a comic 

writer <5 

on landlordism 1O 

W. P 5 1937. 

Le Feme, The Story of. STERNE ... 8 

' Leabhar Breac,' The 7 2G15. 

na-h-Uidhre 7 2668 













General Index. 


LeaWiar nan Uidhre,The 
(Book of the Dun 

Cow) 4 


' Papers, The ' . . . LEADBEATER. 5 


Leanan Sulhe, To the..BoYV 1 

Leanhaun Shee, The, de- 
scribed 3 

Lear, The august sor- 
rowful 9 

Learning and Art, Irish 4 

in Ancient Ireland 9 

' Leaves from a Prison 

Diary ' DAVITT. 3 832, 

Lebanon 7 

1 Lebor Breac ' 8 

Lecain, The Book of 

(see also Lecan) 7 

Lecale 3 

Lecan, The Book of 

(see also Lecain) 2 


(portrait) 5 

on Flood 3 

Home Rule 6 

William Smith 

O'Brien 7 

O'Connell 7 

Lectures and 



on Irish Subjects '. . GILES 

Lee, The (river) t 353 

3 878 
Legend of Glendalouoh. LOVER 

of Btlfteribach, TTie WILLIAMS . 

' Legendary Fictions ol 

the Irish Celts '.KENNEDY .. 5 
1799, 1801, 

- Heroes .................... 8 

Legends ........................ 9 

a n c i e n t Irish, 

Ethical content of ........... 8 

Legends and Myths. 

From Fionnuala. .ARMSTRONG. 1 
-- To the Leandn 

Sidhe ......... BOYD ..... 1 

- Lord of Bunker- 

ron ........... CROKER ... 2 

-- Story of the Little 

Bird .......... CROKER 

Gael and Credhe. .GREGORY 
- Coming of Finn. .GREGORY 

- Death of Cuchu- 

lain ........... GREGORY 

Only Son of Aoife. GREGORY 

Lay of Ossian and 

Patrick . . . GWYNN 

Battle of 

Story of Mac* 

Ddthd's Pig and 
Hound HYDE 

C o n n I a of the 

Golden Hair . . . JOYCE 

Exploits of (7roi.JoYCE 

Fineen the Rover . JOYCE 

Naisi Receives his 

Sword JOYCE 

Oisin in Tirnanoge JOYCE 

Enchantment o f 

Gearoidh larla. .KENNEDY 

Epilogue to IfywdL LARMINIH 
Fionnuala MILLIGAN 

Battle of AZmftato.O'DoNOYA 
Knighting of Cucu- 

lain O'GRADY . 

Queen Meave and 

her Hosts O'GRADY . 





















4 1613 




7 2756 
7 2746 


Legends and Myths. 

King AiliU's DeathSroKES ... 7 3261 

Strand of Balor. .TODHUNTER. 9 3404 

Deirdre in the 

Woods TRENCH ... 9 3431 

Children of Lir. . . TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3460 
Saint Francis and 

the Wolf TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3451 

The Priest's Soul.WiL.DE .... 9 3561 

Old Age of Queen 

Maeve YEATS 9 3697 

Wakeman on 9 3482 

4 Legends and Stories '.LOVER. 6 2055, 2071 
' and Traditions, 

Fairy' CROKER. 3 695, 736 

of Ireland 9 yil 

Ancient WILDE 9 3557 

3558, 3561, 3566 

Archbishop Mc- 

Hale on 6 2231 

of the Fairies, The 3 xx 

of the Pyramids 9 3534 

See also Folk and 

Fairy Tales. 

Leinster 3 956 ; 4 1249 ; 5 1722 

Aldf rid in 6 2376 

Fionn MacCumhail 

in 6 2117 

The battle of Alm- 

hain in 7 2709 

The Book of 4 1600, 1613 

5 1738, 2884 

described 2 xil 

See The Battle of Duriholg and 
The Story of MacDdtho's Pig 
and Hound. 

Leith-Cuinn 6 2357 

Leitrim 2 613 

Lord, Lord Car- 
lisle's story of 1 234, 241 

Leix 3 859 

Leland on the Catholic 

priests in war time 3 955 

Lenane 1 243 

Lenihan's History of 

Limerick (cited) 9 3326 

Lens, Peter, and the 

Hell-fire Club ' 5 1916 

Leo See CASEY. 

Leonardo's " M o nn a 

Lisa " DOWDEN . . 3 877 

Lepers healed by Briglt 8 3255 

Leprecaun, or Fairy 

Shoemaker^ Tlie. ALLINGHAM. 1 20 

Description of the 3 xix 

Leprachawn, The (see 
also Leprechaun or 

Leprehaun) 4 1287 

Leprechaun, The 1 301 

Leprehauns 4 1631 

4 Lesbia hath a beaming 

eye ' MOORE 6 2340 

7 2523 

semper hinc et indeMAHONY . . 6 2340 

Lest it may more quar- 
rels breed SWIFT 9 3388 

Let Bacchus's Sons. . .STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 3283 

schoolmasters puz- 
zle their brain. .GOLDSMITH. 4 1349 

the farmer praise 

his grounds .... STREET BAL- 
LAD ., .8 3279 


Irish Literature. 

. 3 




Let them go by DOWDEN .. 

us go to the moun- 


Letter from Oalway, A MAXWELL . 

the Place of hid 

Birth M'HALE ... 6 2227 

Letterbrick, Famine and 

pestilence at 4 

Letterkenny 4 1512; 6 2249, 

Tone arrested at 7 

' Letters from High 

Latitudes ' DUFFERIN . 3 

Levarcham 4 


(portrait) 5 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii, 

Genius and pur- 
pose of novels of 1 

Living Authors in Irish 

Literature 2 

Lewines 9 

Lia Fail; or Jacob's 

Stone, The O'FLAHERTY. 7 

The 8 

Lia Macha 7 

Liber Hymnorum, The 7 

Liberty in England ...GOLDSMITH. 4 

of the Irish : 9 

Press, The ....CURRAN ... 2 

Press DE VERB . . 3 

The Native Land 

of IRELAND ... 5 

the right of all 

men 6 

License, The first grant- 
ed to comedians in 

England 6 

' Life and Letters of F. 

W. Robertson 'BROOKE ... 1 

Literature 9 

Art, and Nature. .WILDE .... 9 

in Death 7 

of Brigit STOKES .... 8 

' of Canning ' . . . . BELL 1 

< of C. S. Parnell '.O'BRIEN . . 7 

















' - of Owen Roe 

O'Neill, A ' ____ TAYLOR .... 9 

- The Origin o/.... KELVIN ... 5 
Liffey, The .............. 2 637 ; 5 

- Dublin Castle on 

the ...................... 3 

Lifford ...... ! .................. 6 

Light o' the World ____ McCALL ... 6 

Lierht. Speed of .................. 1 

' Like a fire kindled be- 

neath a lake' (Irish 

rann) ............. HYDE ..... 1O 

Like a Stone in the 

Street ............ GRAVES ... 4 

' Lily Lass ' ......... MACCARTHY. 6 

Limerick ....................... 1 

- Bridge and Castle 

(half -tone en- 

graving) ................. 5 

- The defense of .............. 9 

- electors, Harry 

Deane Grady and ..... 7 2728, 

- Irish titles in ............... 4 

- Lenihan's history 

of (cited) ............... 9 

- - The Mayor of ............... 8 

method of lighting 

streets in 1719.. . 5 


















Limerick, Sarsfield at 4 1593; 5 1742 

destroys sup 

plies for seige 7 2820 

Surrender of 3 957 

The Blacksmith O/JOYCB 5 1 741 

Irish Rapparees at 3 958 

The Treaty of 3 957 ; 9 x 

Treaty Stone at 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 3 &57 

Lincoln's Proclamation 

of Emancipation 5 1G65 

Lindsay, Lord, on the 
building of the Pyra 
mids 9 3533 

Linen Manufacture, The 9 3423 

Trade in Dublin 5 1 916 

Lines GREENE ... 4 1 424 

by Robert Emmet 3 1094 

from the Centenary 

Ode to the Mem- 
ory of Moore . . .MACCARTHY. O 2131 

Written to Music . WOLFE .... 9 3634 

' Lion of the Fold of 

Juda, The ' See M'HALE. 

Liquor of Life D'ALTON . . 2 805 

Lir 8 2990 

The Children of. . TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3460 

Lishcen Races, Second- 


and Ross. 8 3168 

Lismore 2 681 

The Book of 7 2766 ; 8 3246 

Lissadill 2354 

Litany MONSELL . . 7 2465 

of St. Aengus 8 -2884 

Literary Appreciations. 

Humor of Sha7ccs- 

peare DOWDEN ... 3 870 

Shakespeare's Por- 
traiture of wo- 
man DOWDEN ... 3 871 

Speech on Robert 

Burns FERGUSON . 3 

Country Folk .... JOHNSON . . 5 

Macaulay and Ba- 
con MITCIIEL . . 6 

Emerson and New- 
man MOLLANEY . 7 25J 

Shakespeare WISEMAN . 9 36J 

4 Literary History of 

Ireland, A ' .... HYDE 4 

1610, 1613, 

impulse of The 

Nation 9 

Qualities of the 

Saga HULL 4 

Revival, Modern 1O 37] 

The, Lady Greg- 
ory on 1 

Society of New 

York, The Irish 1O 

Theater, The Irish 1O 


Preternatural in 

Fiction BURTON ... 1 

England in Shake- 
speare's Youth. .DOWDEN ... 3 

Interpretation of 

Literature DOWDEN ... 3 

Literary Qualities 

of the Saga HULL . 4 1597 

Irish as a Spoken 

Language HYDE 4 3 

General Index. 



What is the Rem- 
nant* MAJQEB 6 2292 

Plea for the Study 

of Irish O'BRIEN ... 7 2614 

Old Books of 

Erinn O'CuERY ... 7 2670 

Gaelic M o vement . PLUNKETT . 8 2908 

On the ' Colloquy 

of the Ancienfs.'RoLLESTON . 8 2968 
Life, Art and Na- 
ture WILDE .... 9 3578 

Celtic Element in 

Literature YEATS 9 3654 

and History 9 vii 

and Life 9 3579 

of the Modern 

Irish Language. .HYDE 1O 3711 

The antiquity of 

Irish 3 xvii 

Irish, from first to 

last 1 xv 

Irish, of many 

blends 4 x 

The Celtic Ele* 

ment in YEATS 9 3654 

Effect of National 

movement on 1 xiii 

Effect of Repeal 

movement on 1 xiii 

Effect of Union on 1 xii 

Ireland's Influence 

on European . . . SIGERSON . . 4 vii 

Interpretation O/^DOWDEN ... 8 8G6 
' The Story of 

Early Gaelic ' . . . HYDE 4 1622 

Value of ancient 

Irish 4 xi 

Young Ireland 

party and 1 xiii 

Litigation, Love of 3 1000 

Little Black Rose, The.D VERB .. 3 858 

Black Rose, The ' 4 1247 

Britons CAFFYN ... 2 429 

< child, I call Mee.'HYDE 4 1655 

cowboy what have 

you heard ALLINGHAM. 1 20 

Dominick EDGEWORTH. 3 1060 

Mary Cassidy FAHY 3 1135 

Woman in Red, A.DEBNY 3 846 

Lives of Irish saints 7 2672 

' of the Mothers of 

the Irish Saints ' 1 32 

* of the Sheridans, 

The ' FITZGERALD. 3 1190 

Llandaff, Lord, duel 

with Lord Clonmell 1 142 

Loan of a CongregationMA.x.'WELi, .. 6 2411 

Local Government Act 9 xi 

Self -Government v. 

Home Rule 3 833 

Loch Finn 6 2271 

Glynn, Folk tale of 4 1642 

Ina , O'BRIEN ... 7 2602 

Lena, Outlaw of..CALLANAN .. 2 441 

Lein 4 1448 

Mask 4 1625 

Quinlan 4 1595 

Swilly 7 2605 

(see also Lough). 

Lochan 5 1725 

Lochlnvar, An Irish 5 1945 

LOCKE, JOHN 5 2003 

Locker-Lampson, F 5 1809 

Logic in Irish literature 2 xiii 

Loma 3 861 

Lombards, Irish version 

of the history of the 7 2672 

' London Assurance '. . .BOUCICAULT. 1 252 

View of DENHAM ..3 850 

Londonderry 7 2867 

(half-tone engrav- 
ing) 1 7 

Lone and weary as I 

wandered FERGUSON .. 3 1177 

is ray waiting hereTODHUNTER. 9 3408 

Lake, half lost 

amidst GREENE ... 4 1423 

Lonely from my home I 

come MANGAN ... 6 2371 

Long Deserted MULVANY .. 7 2562 

Dying, The DE VERB . . 3 863 

Long ago beyond 

the misty M'GEE 6 2223 

Reddy 1 145 

Spoon, The KENNEDY . . 5 1803 

they pine in dreary 

woe MANGAN ... 6 2380 

this night, the 

clouds delay ...SIGERSON... 8 3139 

Longford 7 2668 

Longing TODHUNTER. 9 3408 

Looe 4 1519 

Lookin' Back SKRINE ... 8 3155 

Seaward FERGUSON . . 3 1185 

Looting 9 3636 

Loquacious Barber, T/IGRIFFIN ... 4 1503 
Lord Beaconsfield .... O'CONNOR .. 7 2660 
Lord Edward. See Fitz- 

Lieutenant's Ad- 
venture, The . . . BODKIN ... 1 

Verulam and the 

Echo 3 

of Dunkerron, TfteCROKER ... 2 

Lome, Lord 3 

Lost Saint, The HYDE 4 

Tribune, The SIGERSON . . 8 

Louane 1 

Loud roared the dread- 
ful thunder CHERRY ... 2 

Lough, Bray KAVANAGH .. 5 

Bray O'GRADY ... 7 

Columb 4 

Dan (half tone en- 
graving) 4 

Dergh 7 

Drummond 4 

Erne 2 

4 1255; 6 

Foyle 6 

Ine 4 

Lein (Killarney) 5 

na Mrack 4 1521, 

1- Neagh 3 1180 ; 5 

Healing and pet 

rifying powers 

of 6 2277, 

Outer 6 

Sheelin 6 

Swilly (half-tone 

engraving) 2 

4 1518; 6 

one of the lead- 
ing lakes of 

Ulster 6 

See also Loch. 

Loughile 3 

Loughleagh (Lake of 

Healing) ANONYMOUS. 3 

Louis XV. and his Irish 

contingent 7 











Irish Literature. 


Louis Philippe; few exe- 
cutions under 

his rule 2 679 

See The French 


Louise, Princess 3 940 

Louth 6 2275 

Louvain, Lynch's cell tn 7 2615 

Collection, The 7 2673 

Franciscan College 

of, Collection oi 

Irish MSS. in the 7 2673 

Love Ballad. From the 

Irish MANGAN ... 6 2371 

4 in a Village '.. .BICKERSTAFF.I 185 

is the soul of a 

neat Irishman 6 2193 

4 not' NORTON ... 7 2589 

' of Dubhlacha for 

Mongan, The ' 4 1608 

Fair Play, Irish 3 857 

' Freaks, The '. . GOLDSMITH . 4 1334 

Nature in Irish 

sagas 2 xv 

Quack Medi- 
cines, The ...GOLDSMITH. 4 1343 

Songs of ConnacJit.HwE 1O 3735 

3749, 3763, 3777, 3789 

The Contagion of.CoBBE .... 2 605 

The Pity of YEATS 9 3704 

will you come with 
me McCALL 


Lovely Mary Donnelly. ALLINGHAM. 
' Mary of the Shan- 
non Side ' 8 3270 

Love-making in JreZand.MAcDoNAGH 6 2193 

in Paddy-Land ...KEELING ... 5 1772 

Lover and Birds, The .. ALLINGHAM. 1 15 
trait) 5 2006 

as a comic love 

poet 6 x 

as a humorist 6 viii 

the Irish arch-hu- 
morist 6 xiv 

M. F. Egan on 5 vil, xii 

on 'Bumpers, 

Squire Jones ' 3 841 

Father Prout'a 

addition to 
The Groves of 

Blarney 6 2441 

W. H. Maxwell 6 2400 

Love's Despair. From 
the Irish of Diar- 
mad O'Curnan . . SIGERSON. . . 8 3137 

Young Dream MOORE 7 2521 

Low-Backed Car, The.. LOVER 5 2079 

Loyalty, Irish 1 348 

Lua's lake 3 864 

Luath Luachar 2 629 

Lucan, Lord, at Bala- 
klava (see also 
Patrick Sars- 

field) 8 3009 

after the Treaty 

of Limerick 3 957 

Patrick Sarsfleld, 

Earl of ONAHAN ... 7 2814 

Lucas', Mrs. Seymour, 
Granny's Wonderful 
Chair (half-tone en- 
graving) 1 314 

4 Luck of a Lowland 

Laddie, The' CROMMELIN. 2 751 

Ludlow on the massacre 

at Drogheda 7 2568, 

Ludlow's ' Memoirs ' 7 

Lugach 4 

Lugaird 4 1434, 

Luganure 5 

Lugduff 5 

Luggala 1 

Lugh, the long-handed 2 

Lugnaquilla G 

' Luke Delmege ' SHEEHAN . . 8 

Lumpkins, Tony (char- 
acter in 4 She Stoops 

to Conquer ') 4 

Lundy Foot 2 

Luttrell, Henry, the 

Irish traitor 7 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on wit of 6 

' Lying, the Decay of ' . WILDE 9 


Law on Vinegar 

Hill "... BANIM 1 

Lynch's cell in Louvain 7 

Lyndhurst, Lord, and 
S h e i 1 on " Irish 

aliens" 7 


D. J. O'Donoghue 

on wit of 6 

Lysaght's quips beyond 

recall 6 

Ly tton, on Gulliver 9 

on Swift 9 










Maam, The Inn at . .1 233" 

Mabh, Mave (Meve and 

Meave become Mab in 

Shakespeare) 4 

Mabinogion, The 9 3( 

Macaulay and Bacon. . . MITCHEL . . 6 

J. W. Croker 2 67f 

on Burke i 37* 

Irish soldiers in 

French army 7 o 

; ' Juntas ' 3 1221 

Macaulay s Lay of Ho- 

ratius and Ballad of 

Naseby, Mitchel on 6 2454 

Mac, meaning of 9 


McBoRNEY, WILLIAM B... .6 211J 


version of Bryan 

O'Linn by 8 3275 


% SBPH 6 



poem to O'Con- 

nell by (cited) O 2211 


(photogravure por- 
trait) l Front 

Irish Literature by 1 vi 

on G. Griffin 4 14( 

Lecky 5 191! 

Sheil 8 3( 


Florence 4 

' More ' SADLIER ... 8 301? 

MacCaura, The Clan of 6 21' 

MacCein 2 

MacConglinne, Gleeman 9 3684 

General Index. 


MacConglinne, The Vi- 
sion of 6 

MacCon-Mara, Donough 6 

DUNCADH 1O 3937, 

MaCool, Finn ; mac- 

Cumhail, Finn. See 
Finn MacCumhail. 

MacCorse, The Tale of 2 

ography) 1O 

From a Poem &J/HYDE 4 

MacDdthd's Pig and 

Hound, Story of HYDE 4 



(portrait) 6 

I on The Sunniness 

of Irish Life 8 

I MacDonnell, Bishop, of 

Killala 6 

I JOHN (biography) 1O 

(reference) 2 

MacEgan, Nehemias, 

Vellum book of 7 



ography) 1O 

cited by Archbish- 
op Mctlale 

The Genealogy of 7 


MacGillicuddy of the 

Reeks 4 

McGinley, Mr., The 

plays of 1O 

MacGorman, Finn 4 

MacGrath's, W., On the 

Old Sod (color plate) 1 

M'Guire, Conor 9 

Macha, The Grey of 4 

Monga-Rue 7 

the Empress 9 

the Red-Haired 7 




Mackenna's Dream .... STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

Popularity of 8 

McKernie, James . . SeeMcBuRNEY. 

Anecdotes of 6 

the first consider- 
able reviver of 

Shakespeare 5 

MncLean, M., on W. 

I Stokes as a Celticist 7 

'McLennan, William, M. 

I F. Egan on 5 

Mac-Liag, The poems of *> 


IMaclise, Meagher on 6 2420, 

(MacLughaidh 2 

[MacMahon, Marshal 3 


MAS) 6 

M. F. Egan on 5 xiii 


STON) 6 

T., and Young Ire- 
land 9 

iMacNessa, Concobar 7 

Conor 2 


iMacpherson 6 



























, xvii 








Macreddin 6 

MacRoich, Fergus 4 

Macroom 1 

MacRoy, Fergus, Cap- 
tain of Queen 

Meave's guards 7 

Description of 7 

MacSweeney of Fauat 2 

MacSycophant, Charles 

Egerton (character in 

' How to Get on in 

the World') 6 


on Grattan 4 



Maddyn or Madden, 

Daniel Owen 6 

' Maelduin, The Voyage 

of 4 

Mael-mic-Failbhe, Tenth 

Abbot of Hy 7 

Maev Leith-Dherg, The 

Lament of ROLLESTON . 8 

Maeve. See Meve. 

of Leinster, The 

Half Red 7 

The great army of 4 

and Cuchulain 4 

Magee, on Irish Hotels 8 



Magennis. Miss . . ..SeeFoRRESTER.. 3 

Maggy Ladir FURLONO . . 4 

' Magh Leana, The Bat- 
tle of ' O'CURRY ... 7 

Magh Life" 4 

trait) 6 

as a parodist 6 

M. F. Egan on 5 

on Conviviality 6 

spurious Irish 









Maglone, Barney. . .See WILSON. 

Magog, son of Japhet 9 

ography) 1O 

(reference) La- 
ment of the Man- 
gaire Sugach 9 

Magulre, Hugh 2 


J. H. McCarthy 

on 6 

The Bard O'Hus- 

sey's Ode to J7ie.MANGAN ... 6 

Father Tom 8 


Mahon, Brian's Lament 

for King HOGAN 4 

PROUT] (portrait) 6 

Maid of Cloghroe. The. STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

Maiden City, The TONNA 9 

Maill 4 

Mailligh Mo Stoir (Mol- 
ly Astore) OGLE 7 

Maine, Son of Maeve 4 

Mairgread ni ChealleadhWA'LSii ... 9 

Major Bob Mahon's Hos- 
pitality LEVER 5 

Make thyself Known, 

Sibyl DOWDBN ... 8 
























Irish Literature. 

Malaprop, Mrs. (char- 
acter in 'The Ri- 
vals ') SHERIDAN. . 8 3078 

Malinmore 5 1866 

Malloc 2 439 

Mallow, The Rakes of. .STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3312 

' Malmorda ; A Metrical 

Romance' CLARKE ... 2 596 

Malone, A 7 ix 

EDMUND 6 2346 

Malplaquet, Battle of 9 3445 

Malvern Hill 6 2423 

'Man of the World, 

The ' MACKLIN ... 6 2237 

for Galway, The. .LEVER 5 1975 

is no mushroon 

growth INGRAM ... 4 1660 

Octipartite. From 

the Middle Irish. STOKES ... 8 3262 

Man-a-nan M'Lir 6 2223 

Mananan, the sea-god. 
See Naisi Receives his 
Manchester Martyrs, 

The 7 2608; 9 3323, 3330 

Rescue, The 6 2153 

Mangaire Sugach, La- 
ment of the WALSH .... 9 3508 

ENCE (portrait) 6 2350 

The Woman of 

three Cows 1O 3831 

W. B. Yeats on 3 ix 

See The Dead An- 
tiquary s . . . 6 2218 

Mangan's delight in riv- 
ers 6 2455 

'Manifold Nature, Our'MACPALL .. . 6 2206 
Manners and Customs 

in Ireland 2 xx ; 3 943 

of the Ancient 

Irish 2 629 

' of A nc i e n t 

Erinn ' O'CURRY ... 7 2666 

of Ireland in 

olden times 7 2771 

The Squire's 

running foot- 
man 7 2772 

See Castle Rack- 
rent and Keen- 
ing and Wake; 
also Customs 
and Manners. 

Morals (see also 

Customs and 

Manners) 1 286 ; 4 1417 

Manning, Mr. See note 
to An Heroic Decep- 

' Manuscript Materials 
of Irish History, Lec- 
tures on ' O'CURRT . . 7 2670 


Dispersion of, by 

invasions 7 2680 

Irish ; collection 

in the Bodleian 
Library at Ox- 
ford 7 2673 

British Museum 7 2672 

Burgundian Li- 
brary, Brussels 7 2673 

Royal Irish 

Academy 7 2672 



National Library 

of Paris 7 2673, 

See Ancient Irish 

Illuminated MSS. 

Many years have burst 

upon SAVAGE 8 302ffl 

Maove, the Magic 7 2593 

Map of Ireland, His- 
torical 9 3709 

of to-day 1O 4( 

Marco, Polo, Irish ver- 
sion of the Travels of 7 261 

Marcus 5 'I! 

Marital relations 5 1923 ; 6 2 

Market Day (half-tone 

Marlow (character in 
' She Stoops to Con- 
quer') 4 1 

Marot, Clement, Father 

Prout on 62 

Marriage SKRINB ... 83 

between relations 

in ancient Greece 62 

customs. See Love Making in 

Ireland and Shane Fadh's 


Dean Swift on 8 3 

law in Scotland 2 

of Florence Mac- 

Carthy More . . . SADLIER .... 8 30] 
' Three Weeks Af- 
ter' MURPHY ..72. 

Marriages in Ireland 6 21) 

Marrying season in Ire- 
land, The 621$ 

Marsh, Bishop, Library 

founded in Dublin by 5 193 

Marten Cats, Supersti- 
tions about 9 

Martin and ' Young Ire- 
land ' 9 

MARTIN Ross (see also 


LET MARTIN) 8 31( 




The plays of 1O 

Martyrs, Fox's Book of 8 

The Manchester . . 7 2608 ; 9 3323, 

' Mary Aikenhead, Her 

Life, Her Work 

and Her Friends "ATKINSON .. 1 
and St. Joseph 

(folksong) . ...Hi'DE 10 

D'Este, Queen of 

James II 2 

Maguire FURLONG .. . 4 

' Neil ' 83! 

' of The Nation.' 


Queen, and Ireland 9 

Tudor ' DK VERB . . 3 

Marys, The Keening of 

the Three (folk song) HYDE 10 37* 

Mary's Well (religious 

folk tale) HYDE 1O 

Maryboro' 5 IS 

Masbrook, The woods of 62' 

Masks, The, in Ireland 9 34? 

Mason, Mr. Joseph 

Monck . . 7 207 

General Index. 

Mass. Key-Shield of the 1O 

Massacre at Drogheda. . BARRY 1 

MURPHY ... 7 

of 1641, The ............... 3 



9 3549 


| M 


9 Front 
9 3478 

5 vil 
1 277 
9 3433 
4 1265 

Massagetse, The 
Massarene, Lady, daugh- 

ter of Harry Deane 

Grady ........................ 7 

Massari, Dean of Fermo ........... 1 

Masters, Annals of the 

Four (see Four Mas- 

ters, Annals). 

atchmaker in Ireland, 

The ............... ........... 6 2194 

Materialism, J. S. Mill 

on ....................... 9 3464 

- Tyndall on ................. 9 3464 

Mathematics, Irish pro- 

ficiency in ......... ........... 4 1280 

MATHKW, FRANK ................ O 2391 

- THEOBALD ................. 6 2396 

Matthew, Saint (color 

Matterhorn, Thoughts 

on the ............ TYNDALL 

Maturin, C., M. F. Egan 


Maureen, acushla, why . BOYLE ... 
Maury's Song ........ TRENCH .. 

Have's Repentance . . . .GILBERT .. 

Mawworm, Mr. (charac- 

ter in ' The Hypo- 

crite ') ............ BICKERS TAFF.I 182 

Max Mttller on Nursery 

Tales ................... . ---- 3 xxiii 


HAMILTON ................ 6 2400 

- M. F. Egan on .............. 5 xii 

\ilay Love Song, A ---- MILLICAN... 6 2438 

Mai/noicer ........... O'REILLY . . 7 2834 

Maynooth ...................... 7 2485 

Maynooth College (color 

plate) ........................ 3 Front 

Mayo .............. ---- 6 2438 ; 7 2856 

- Duelling in ................. 1 145 

- Famine and pesti- 

lence in ................ 4 1573 

- Lord, on the Irish 

Church ................. 6 2155 

- government of 

India by ................ 3 941 

-m The County of. 

From the IrishFox ...... 4 1224 

- Viscounts, Ances- 

tor of the ................. 7 2858 

Mazarin, Cardinal ............... 4 3347 

Meade, L. T ....... See MRS.TOULMIN 


FRANCIS .................. 2414 

- and ' Young Ire- 

land ' ............. 9 xi 

- in the civil war ..... 6 2324 ; 7 2833 

- J. F. Maguire on ............. O 2324 

Meanings of Irish 

names ....................... 9 3546 

Meath ............... 7 2748, 2827, 2864 

King Ferghal and 
the men of, at 
Almhain .................. 7 2709 

- (Midhe). Origin 

of the name ............... 7 2667 

! ' - of the Pastures ' ............ 2 613 

I - Parnell a member 

for, in 1875 .............. 2177 

Meave, Queen, Descrip- 

tion of . .... ............ 7 2746 



Meave, the great queen, 
was pacing to 

and fro YEATS 9 3697 

The Old Age of 

Queen YEATS 9 3697 

4 Mecca, Personal Nar- 
rative of Pilgrimage 

to' BURTON .... 1 408 

Medge, Baron 1 142 

' Medical Student, Mis- 
adventures of a ' 9 3607 

Medieval Towns 4 1420 

Meehan, The Rev. C. P 1 32 

Meenavalla ; Grouse- 
shooting in 6 2256 

Meeting of Anarchists, 

A BARRY 1 156 

the Waters, The. .MOORE 7 2532 

(color plate) 7 Front 

Memoirs. See Char- 
acter Sketches, 

of James II. 

(cited) 8 3324 

John Cartaret 

Pi Ikington 

(cited) 7 2693 

Richard Lovell 


Esq EDGE WORTH. 3 1073 

4 the Count de 

Grammont ' ..HAMILTON.. 4 1542 

4 the Countess of 

Blessington'. .MADDEN ... 6 2286 
Memorial by Wolfe Tone 
to French Govern- 
ment, Extract from a.ToNE 9 3421 

Memories M'GEE 6 2224 

Memory, A MACALEESE. 6 2111 

Men's Dress in Ireland 9 3498 

Merchant marine of Ire- 
land The 9 3362 

Mermaid, The 2 736 

Memory of Earth, A . . RUSSELL . .. 8 3003 

the Dead, The ...INGRAM ... 5 1659 

Mend, son of Sword- 
heel 4 1617 



Merriment in Irish hu- 

mor ...................... 

Merrion Square, O'Con- 

nell's residence in ....... 3 815 ; 8 3064 

Merrows, The ..... 2 697 ; 3 xviii ; 5 1878 

Mervin, Audley ................. 7 ix 

Messiah, Handels, first 

produced in Dublin.,. ........... 5 1918 

Meters in ancient Ire- 

land ......................... 2 xviii 

Meve. See M a e v e , 
Meadhbh, Midhe. 

- and Oilioll ................. 4 1613 

- The white Bull of. ........... 2 xviii 

Meyer, Professor Kuno ............ 4 1608 

- Work of, for Celtic 

literature ................. 2 xviii 

Michael of Kildare, the 
first Irish poet in 
English .................. 4 

- Robartes Remem- 

bers Forgotten 

Beauty ........ YEATS 


Midhe (Meath). Origin 

of the name ................... " 

Mldir, the fairy chief ............. 7 2668 

MifJnin h t Escapade, A. .SMITH ---- 8 n58 

- Funeral, A ...... DEENT ---- 3 845 


9 3708 


Irish Literature. 


Mild as the rose Its 
sweets will 

breathe 1O 4013 

Mabel Kelly. From 

the Irish of 


Miles O'Reilly, Private. 


Milesians, The 9 vil, 3549 

Milesius 2 444 

Milf ord O 2244 

Military life in Ireland O 2403 

Mill, J. S., on Material- 
Ism 9 3464 

Millbank Prison 3 839 


The plays of 1O xiii 

FRED 6 2439 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on the wit of 6 xlv 

Millmount, The 7 2568 

Milton MDLLANEY. . 7 2561 

Elijah-like 3 873 

Miltowo 7 2715 

' Ministry of all the 

Talents, The ' 1 119 

Minrowar, son of Ger- 

kin 7 2757 

Minstrel, A Wandering. LE FANU ... 5 1934 

Boy, The MOORE 7 2535 

' Minute Philosopher, 

Alciphron or the '. . .BERKELEY. . 



Miola (rivulet), The 6 

Mlrabeau 7 

Miracles of Brigit 8 

Miraculous Creatures. .YEATS 9 3678 

Miriam's Song (Sound 

the Loud Timbrel) ..MOORE 7 2537 

' Mirror of Justice, The ' 9 3374 

The Wonderful 

Chinese 4 1337 

' Misadventures of a 

Medical Student ' 9 3607 

Misconceptions of the 

Irish. See The Na- 
tive Irishman. 

4 Miss Erin' BLDNDELL. . 1 225 

Mistake of a Niyht, 

The GOLDSMITH . 4 1348 

Mr. Orator Puff had 

two tones MOORE .... 7 2541 

Misther Denis's Return. BARLOW ... 1 114 


and E. Walsh 9 3502 

and ' Young Ire- 
land ' 9 xl 

cited by Meagher 6 2415 

News of sentence 

of 6 2185 

on XIX. Century 

religion 6 2446, 2449 

See By Memory In- 
spired 8 3274 

' Mitchel's, John, Jail 

Journal ' MITCHEL 

6 2444 

8 2852 

9 3505 
2 448 

Mi?en Head, The 

Mo OraobJiin Cno WALSH .... 

Modern JEgeria, A CAMPBELL.. . 

Gaelic writers (see 

also Vol. 10) 2 xviii 

Irish 1O 4025 

Drama 1O xiii 

Poetry, Yeats on 3 vii 

Stories 1O 3875 

Modern Literature of the 

Irish Language. . HYDE .. ..1O 371JI 

Medievalism BARRETT 1 ill 

political feuds .'3 90 

' So c i e t y, The 

Church and ' . . . IRELAND ... 5 16621 

Moira, Lord 9 3521 

O'Neill See SKRINE. 

Moirfn 3 861)1 

Moliere 3 gyjl 

Moling, Bishop of Ferns 7 2 TOG, '270sl 


Molly Asthore FERGUSON . . :-$ 1 1 8S 

Carew LOVER 5 20731 

Muldoon ' STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 330dl 


Irish literature be- 
gins before 2 vljjl 

Moment, A BROOKE .... 1 30W 

Monaghan, County 7 20911 

Monallen C 1227C| 

Monamolin 5 1804>| 

Monasterboice, Cross at 

(half-tone engraving) 9 3480| 

Monasteries, Irish Fran- 
ciscan 1 

Monastic establish- 
ments 8 

Monck, Lord 3 

Money, Large sums of, 
sent home by the 
Irish in foreign lands 6 2197 ; 7 261J 

Mongan and Colum 

Cllle 4 

' Love of Dubh- 

lacha for ' 4 

Monks of the Screw. .CURRAN ... 2 

LEVER .... 5 1! 

Monna Lisa, Leonardo's 

(half-tone engraving) . Do WDEN ... 3 81 

' Monomia ' MCCARTHY . . O 211 

Monotony and the Lar k. RUSSELL . . 8 

Monroe Doctrine, The 2 4( 

Dorothy, the fa- 
mous beauty 4 1! 


Montana, Prospecting in 3 

Montorio, Tombs in the 

Church of O'DONNELL. 7 2( 

Moon Behind the Hill, 

The KENEALY . . 5 17* 

' Moonachug and Meena- 

chug' '. , 4 K 

Mooney, Dr., of Trinity 

College 5 195 

FORT (portrait) 7 24t 

GEORGE 7 24 ' 

M. F. Egan on 5 

on ' The Heather 

Field' 23f 

Plays of 10 

Norman, on Sir 

S. Ferguson 3 IK 

The Burial of Sir 

John WOLFE 9 3< 

THOMAS (portrait) 7 21 

(reference) 8 301 

Anecdote of 

O'Curry and 7 26( 

Holmes, O. W., 

on 7 25 

in college 9 3523 

General Index. 




Lines -from the 
Centenary Ode 
to the Mem- 
ory of 6 2131 

Meagher on O 2424 

. on Christianity 

in Ireland 9 3400 

on Conviviality 6 xi 

on Emmet's 

character 3 1087 

on Sheridan 3 1197 

on the parting 

of Byron and 
the Blessing- 
tons O 2289 

Rogueries of ..MAHONEY .. 6 2337 

the Spanish type 

in Ireland 4 1589 

W. B. Yeats on 3 viii 

Moral and Intellectual 
Differences 6 e - 

tiveen the Sexes . LECKY .... 5 1920 
force and intellect- 
ual achievement 9 3468 

Morals, American 1 336 

of Irish people 1 34 

Moran. Michael, the last 

Gleeman 9 3683 

More, MacCarthy 4 1500 ; 9 ix 

Morfydd, To JOHNSON .. 5 1698 

MORGAN, LADY 7 2542 

Description of 7 2543 

M. P. Egan on 5 vii.xv 

inherently Irish 1 xi 

Dress of 9 3495 

' Morgan te the Lesser '.MABTYN ... 6 2383 
Morley, Professor, on 

antiquity of Gae- 
lic Literature 4 vii 

on Steele and Ad- 

dison 8 3198 

Morna 7 2526 

Morning on the Irish 
Coast (half-tone en- 
graving) LOCKE 5 2003 

Mornington, Lord, a 
Monk of the 

Screw 2 797 

Musical academy 

presided over by 5 1919 

Mortgage, Foreclosure 8 3230 

Morty Oge 2 445 

Morris, William, on Art 

and Society 9 3662 

Moses at the Fair GOLDSMITH. 4 1305 

(character in Sher- 

idan's 'School 

for Scandal ') 8 3109 

The Burial of. . . . ALEXANDER. 1 1 
Mother, Boy who icas 

long on his HYDE 1O 3765 

" is that the pass- 
ing bell ? " KEEGAN ... 5 1767 

Mount Eccles 7 2701 

Gabriel 72851 

Saint Jerome 6 2420 

Mountain Cottage in 
Killarney (half- 
tone engraving) 4 1484 

Fern, The . . .GEOGHEGAN. 4 125o 

Theology GREGORY .. 4 1455 

Mountains of the Set- 
ting Sun 2 417 

Mount.ioy, Lord 7 2740 

. The Wood of 1 3 

Mountmorris, L Q r d. 
duel with Francis 

Hitchinson 1 

Mourne 6 

Mourning Bride, Ex- 
tracts from the CONGREVE .. 2 

Moville, Donegal 6 

Moyallo 5 1743, 

Moyle, The (river) 6 

Moy-Mell, the plain of 

everlasting pleasure 5 1714, 

' Moytura ' LARMINIE .. 5 

Moyvore, The Rath of 4 

Muckish mountain, The 6 

Muckruss Abbey, Ruins 

of 8 

Muiredach 9 

Muirne 4 

' Muirthemme, Cuchu- 

lain of GREGORY . . 4 

Mulberry Garden, The 1 

Mulholland, Rosa. See LADY GILBERT. 

Mulla 6 

Mullach-brack 6 

Mullaghmast 5 



Mullen, The Sorrowful 

Lamentation of Cal- 

laahan f Oreally, and.. STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

Mullinger 6 



Munachar* and Mana- 

char HYDE 4 

Municipal Corporation 

Bill, The Irish 6 

Franchise Bill, The 

Irish 6 

Privileges Bill, 

The Irish 6 

Munremar 4 

Munster, Aldf rid in 6 

Bards, The 7 

Cashel of FERGUSON . 3 

' Pacata Hibernia,' 

A record of 7 

Raleigh in DOWNEY ... 3 

The Dean of Fermo 

on hospitality in 1 

The women of 1 30. 

War- Song, The .. .WILLIAMS . 9 

William of . . .SeeKENEALY. 

Women, Dress of 1 

Murchad, son of the 

King of Leinster 7 

Murmurs of Love O'DOHERTY. 1 



Father. See Mac- 

Jcenna's Dream. 


Murphy s' Supper, The. .BARLOW . . . 1 

Musgrave, Sir Richard 1 

Music has charms to 

soothe CONGREVE . . 2 

Music in Ireland. 

Irish Music PETRIE 8 

The Irish IntellectGii^s 4 

An Irish Musical 

Genius O'DONOGHUE 7 

Lines Written to.. WOLFE 9 

National BURKE 

The Last JOHNSON . . 5 



























Irish Literature. 


Musical glasses, The 7 2690 

Genius , An Irish . . O'DONOGHUE 7 2690 

Muskerry 1 353 

Lady, a daughter 

of Harry Deane 

Grady 7 2733 

Muster of the North. . .DUFFY 3 954 

Mutiny Act, The 4 1391 

My Ambition LYSAGHT .. 6 2109 

beautiful, my beau- 
tiful ! NORTON ... 7 2584 

Boyhood Days . . . .EDGEWORTH. 3 1073 

Brown Girl Sweet' 8. 3270 

Buried Rifle, To .. MCCARTHY. . 6 2172 

country, wounded. WILDE .... 9 3573 

1 dear Vic,' ses he.BARRY .... 1 151 

eyes are filmed . . .MANGAN ... 6 2367 

First Day in Trin- 
ity LEVER 5 1986 

' girl, I -fear your 

sense is not (treat 
at all ' (Irish 

rann) HYDE 1O 3835 

Grand Recreation 1O 4016 

Grave DAVIS 3 827 

' grief on the sea '.HYDE 1O 3763 

heart is far from 

Liffey's tide .... WALSH 

-heart is heavy in 

my breast . . ... .FITZSIMON.. 

Inver Bay MACMANUS. . 

Land DAVIS .... 

Las* Night in Trin- 
ity LEVER .... 

Life is like the 

summer rose '. . . WILDE .... 

little one's going 

to sea MOLLOY ... 

- Lords of Strogue 'WINGFIELD. 
-love, still I think . REYNOLDS . 

love to fight the 

Saxon goes . . . .O'DONNELL. 

Mother Dear LOVER .... 

name is Hugh Rey- 
nolds STREET BAL- 

Patrick Sheehan.KiRKHAM .. 

it is Nell STREET BAL- 


Old Home O'LEARY ... 

Owen DOWNING .. 

Bawn's hair is 

of thread of 

gold spun ....FERGUSON . 

- prison chamber ' . ROSSA .... 
spirit's on the 

9 3505 

3 1206 
6 2264 
3 831 

5 1990 
9 3597 

6 2459 
9 3620 
8 2939 

5 2087 

8 3292 
5 1831 

9 3306 
7 2797 
3 916 

3 1179 

8 2985 

9 3635 

mountains WOLFE 

thoughts, alas, are 

without strength. GREGORY . . 4 1460 

time how happy 

once BICKERSTAFF! 186 

Mystery, Celtic love of 8 2974 

Mysticism in the new 

movement 5 vii 

Mythological Cycle, The 2 xi 

Mythology 4 1426 

1431, 1445, 1447, 1455, 1459 

of the Norsemen 8 3241 

Myths and Legends. 

See Legends, and Folk Lore. 

Need for study 1 vii 

Wakeman on 9 3482 

in Nature 9 3657 

Nature. See The Celtic Ele- 
ment in Literature. 


Naas Jail 5 1887, 

Naisi Receives his 

Sivord JOYCE .... 5 

Nameless One, The .... MANGAN ... 6 

Story, The LARMINIE . . 5 

Names of places, Mean- 
ing of 6 

(Naois speaks) O to see 
once more TRENCH ... 9 

Napoleon PHILLIPS . . 8 

' A n Historical 

Character of '. ..PHILLIPS .. 8 

and Baron Denon 1 

Narraghmore 5 

' Narrative of the War 

with China ' WOLSELEY . 9 

Nathaniel P. Cramp . . . MCCARTHY. . 6 

Nation Once Again, A. .DAVIS 3 

The, Founding of 3 

' Spirit of the * 3 

National Characteristics 
as Molding Pub- 
lic Opinion .... BRYCE .... 1 

Dramatic Society 1O 

genius 8 

independence, Plun- 

ket on 8 

Land League 9 

League, The 9 

Library of Paris, 

Collection o f 

Irish MSS. in the 7 

literature, A 1 

movement in Ire- 
land, The 3 

' Music of Ireland ' BURKE ... 1 

' Poet of Ireland. 

The ' See MOORE. 

spirit in Irish lit- 
erature 2 

literature now an 

accomplished fact 1 

extinguished by 

Act of Union 1 

temperament i n 

Irish literature 1 

movement, Effect 

of, on literature 2 

Poets. See Mod- 
ern Irish Poetry. 

Nationality INGRAM ... 5 

and Imperialism. .RUSSELL .. 8 

Irish, now recog- 

Nation's History, A . . . BURKE . . , 


Native Irishman, The . . STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

Land of Liberty. .IRELAND ... 5 

literature of Ire- 
land original 2 

Nativity, Chapel of the, 9 

Natural scenery 2 

' Theology.' Palev's 5 

Naturalization' Bill, The 4 

Nature. Joy in 1 

Life. Art and .... WILDE .... 9 

in Myth 9 

Myths. See The Celtic Ele- 
ment in Literature. 

Love of, in Irish 

sascas 2 

Nature (out-door life). 

The Young Fisfter.GwYNN .... 6 
Rhapsody on Riv- 
ers, A MITCHEL ... 6 





























39 < 

24 (X 











General Index. 




- Vicar of Cape C7earOTWAY .... 72848 

- Ennisfiower- ...... WINQFIBJLD. 9 3620 

Navan ......................... . 5 1738 

Navigations ..................... 2 xii 

Navy, Irishmen in the 

British ....................... 9 34*22 

Neagh, The ..................... 6 2112 

Lough .. 3 1180; 5 1753; 62276, 2280 
Near Castleblayney lived 

Dan Delaney .................. 8 3270 

Ned Geraghty's Luck. . .BROUGHAM.. 1 301 
Needy Knife-grinder. . .CANNING .. 2 467 
Neighbors' .......... CROTTY ____ 2 758 

Neil O'Carree ........ HYDE ..... 4 1638 

Neill, Meaning of name ........... 9 3546 

Nell Flaherty's Drake.. STREET BAL- 

LAD .... 9 3306 

- D. J. TDonoghve 

on ....................... 6 xl 

Nemedians, The ........... 2 xi ; 9 vii 

Nephin (mountain) ......... 6 2229, 2231 

Nero ...................... 2 740, 746 

Netterville, Nicholas, 

Viscount ................. 7 2728 

- Father Robert, 

slain at Drog- 

heda ..................... 7 2572 

' Never Despair ' (fac- 

simile of verses) ............... 7 2623 

'New Antigone, The '..BARRY 
1 - Ireland,' by A. M. 

Sullivan .................. 7 

1 156 


- Irish, The .................. 9 

- Misfortunes ..... GOLDSMITH . 4 

- Potatoes ........ LOVER .... 5 

- Town Glens ................. 7 

Newbery, John, Gold- 

smith on ..................... 4 1299 

Newcastle, Duke of, 

Sterne's reply to ............... 8 3227 

Newman. Cardinal . .............. 7 2556 

Newport ........................ 7 2857 

- A Glimpse of his 
Country-House near. BERKELEY . 1 175 

Newry .......................... 3 954 

Election, Speech atCuRUAN ... 2 788 
Newspaper, The first 

Irish (facsimile) .............. 4 1258 

Niagara ........................ 6 2132 

" - Dr. Johnson the, 
of the New 
World" .............. ____ 72472 

Nial of the Nine Hos- 

tages ........... 1 402 ; 2 444 ; 9 3546 

Niall ........................... 6 2356 

Niam ................ CHESSON . . 2 593 

- of the Golden 

Hair ..................... 5 3715 

Nibelungen, Lie3, The ............. 4 1598 

and Ireland ............... 4 viii 

Irish older than ............. 2 vil 

Nicknames and So- 

briquets . ................... 9 3547 

'Night before Larry was 

stretched, Tfte.'STREET BAL- 

LAD ..... 9 3308 

- - D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on ................. 6 xi 

- closed around ....MOORE .... 7 2536 

- in Fortmanus Vil- 

lage, A ........ SIGERSON . . 9 3145 

- - Piece on Death, 

From a ........ PARNELL . . 7 2874 

Nigra, Constantine, on 

Celtic rhymes ................. 2 xlx 

Nine Hostages, Nial of 

the 1 402; 2 444 

' Ninety-eight ' 9 3688 

Lord Camden and 8 2930 

The events of 6 2229 

' No doubt sure/ ' My 

self believes/ 

'Thinks I!' 

(Irish rann) ...HYDE 1O 3835 

popery cry, The 

rising column 

marks this spot. EMMET . 
Snakes in Ireland O'KEEPPB 

8 3059 

3 1094 
7 2771 
7 2574 

Noble Lord, A MURPHY 

Extracts from a 

Letter to a BURKE 1 379 

Nolle Prosequi, A 7 2793 

Nora Creina MOORE 6 2340 

7 2523 

Norbury, Lord, and Cur- 
ran 2 798 

at the Trial of 

Robert Emmet S 1093 

duel with Fitzger- 
ald 1 143 

Norman work in Round 

Towers 9 3492 

Norman-Irish, The ... 9 3391 

Norse Sagas and Gaelic 

Tales 8 2973 

invaders drown 

Irish books 2 viii 

North, The Muster of 

the DUFFY 3 954 

Northern Blackwater ..KAVANAGH . 5 1752 
Northmen in Ireland. , STOKES .... 8 3238 
WELL) 7 2583 

Not a drum was heard, 
not a funeral 

note WOLFE 9 3633 

a Star from the 

Flag Shall Ferde.HALPiN .... 4 1539 

far from old Kin- 

vara FAHY S 1134 

for the lucky war- 
riors GWYNN ... 4 1529 

hers your vast im- 
perial mart LAWLESS .. 5 1884 

Nothing Venture, Noth- 
ing Have HAMILTON . 4 1542 

Novel in The Figaro, 

The O'MEAHA . . 7 2805 

Novels, Irish EGAN 5 vii 

Burlesque 1119, 123 

' Novnm Organum,' Ba- 
con's 6 2448, 2453 

Now all away to Tlr 

na n'Og CHESSON .. 2 590 

are you men PARNELL . . 7 2871 

In the lonely hour. JOYCE .... 5 1747 
let me alone, 
though I know 

you won't LOVER .... 5 2080 

Memory, false 

Memory O'GRADY ... 7 2760 

when the giant in 

us RUSSELL . . 8 3000 


raphy ) 1O 4016 

Translation from 
the Irish of 8 930 


Irish Literature. 


Nugent, Lord, Canning 

on 1 171 

Nullum Tempus Bill 4 1395 

Number of Irish ancient 

MSS. extant 2 xl 

Numitoriua 5 1848 

Nursery Tales, Max 

Miiller on 3 xxiii 

Sir W. Scott on 3 xxiii 

Charles Welsh on 3 xxiv 


O could I flow like thee.DBNHAM 

did you not hear 

of Kate Kear- 
ney ? MORGAN ... 7 

Erin, my Queen. . .PARNELL . . 7 

gentle fair maiden. SIGEBSON .. 8 

God, may it come 

shortly 1O 

had you seen the 

Coolun FERGUSON . 2 

heart full of song.O'SHAUGH- 

NBSSY ... 7 

I'm not myself at 

all, Molly dear.. LOVER .... 5 
King of Heaven 

who did'st create 1O 

Mary dear, O Mary 

fair FERGUSON . 3 

Meaning of the 

prefix 9 

my daughter : lead 

me forth ALEXANDER. 1 

Peggy Brady, you 

are my darlln' 8 

say can you see 9 

' say, my brown 

Drimin ' CALLANAN . 2 

Sigh of the Sea . . . SIGERSON . . 8 

s t r o n g-winged 

birds O'BRIEN 

the brown banks 

of the river .... JOYCE .... 5 

the days are gone. MOORE .... 7 

the days of the 

Kerry dancing . . MOLLOY . . . 6 
' the sight entranc- 
ing ' MOORE .... 7 

the sunshine of old 

Ireland TODHUNTER. 9 

thou whom sacred 

duty calls MACCARTHY. 6 

' were you on the 

mountain ' HYDE 4 

where, Kinkora, Is 

Brian MANGAN ... 6 

Woman of the 

Piercing Wall ..MANGAN ... 6 
Woman of three 

Cows 1O 

Woman, shapely as 

the swan GRAVES .... 4 

"Oaken-footed Elzevir," 

The 4 

Oasis DOWDEN . . 3 

Oafs, Binding the COLEMAN . . 2 

Objective method of 

studying literature 3 

Obelisk, The Boyne 

(half-tone engraving) 8 

O'Berne Crowe on an- 
cient Irish MSS. . . 2 

8 849 





7 2591 










GRACE 7 2591 

FITZ JAMES 7 2594 

Manus, discovers 

Sarsfield's plow 9 3325 ' 

Michael, executed 

at Manchester 7 2608 ; 9 3339 1 

R. BARRY 7 2G04 1 

on keening 9 3643 

Smith 9 3414, 35501 

on Wolfe Tone 7 2604 i 

and Young Ire- 
land 9 xi 

defended by J. 

Whiteside 9 

on T. McNevin 6 



(portrait) 7 

and the Kille- 

naule affair 7 

(reference) 1O 

D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on art of. 6 

O'Bryne. See Macken- 

na's Dream 

O'Byrnes of Wicklow 9 

O'Burke, Father, on 

Davis' poems 3 

O'Callahy, M. (now 

Caldwell) 1O 


(biography) 1O 

and fairy music 3 

Translations from 

the Irish of: 

Grace Nugent 8 

Mild Mabel 

Kelly 3 

Bridget Cruise 4 

Mary Maguire 4 

Peggy Broivne 4 

Why, Liquor of 

Life 3 
















Ocean, The, in Irish sa- 
gas 2 

Och ! a rare ould flag..HALPiNE .. 4 
girls dear, did you 

ever hear DUFFERIN . 3 

hone! and' what 

will I do? LOVER 5 

when we lived in 

ould Glenann . . . SKRINE ... 8 
O'CLERY. M. (biogra- 
phy) 10 

Louvain collection 

of manuscripts 

made by 7 

See A Plea for the 

Study of Irish. 

See O'Donovan. 
O'Connell, Chancellor, 

duel with the 

Orange Chieftain 1 143 

DANIEL 7 2G24 

(portrait) 7 2629 

and Biddy Mori- 
arty MADDEN ... 6 2281 

and Catholic 

Emancipation 9 x 

and the move- 
ment for Re- 
peal 1 xii 

Anecdotes of 7 2651 

Ballads on 8 3268 

Bulwer on 7 xxv 

Dickens on 7 xxv 

General Index. 



D., Erin's 

Lament for 8 3269 

defended by J. 

Whiteside 9 3550 

Genius of, de- 
scribed 7 xxvi 

in prison 3 811 ; 6 2158 

Liberation of 3 814 

Monument, The 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 7 2645 

on the corn laws 7 2633 

on death of Da- 
vis 2 823 

on home market 7 2647 

o n T. D'Arcy 

M'Gee 6 2217 

on C. Phillips 8 2888 

on property tax 7 2632 

Origin of HOEY 4 1588 

Shell's Pen-and- 
ink Sketch of 8 3064 

talent of, for vi- 
tuperative lan- 
guage 6 2281 

John, in prison 3 812 ; 6 2128 

O'CONNOR, F 1O 3713 

Matthew, on 

Faulkner 4 1262 

Rev. Charles, com- 

p i 1 e r of the 

Stowe Catalogue 7 2673 

Captain Teige 7 2570 


(portrait) 7 2655 

O'Corra, The Voyage of 

the Sons of JOYCE 5 1724 

O'CuisIn, S., Plays of 1O xv 

O'CuRNAiN, D. (biogra- 
phy) 10 4019 

O'CuRRY, EUGENE 7 2663 

on ancient Irish 

MSS 2 xi 

extent of an- 
cient MSS 2 xili 

Work of, for Celtic 

literature 2 xviii 

O'Daly, Aengus, satirist 6 vii 

Ode on his Ship BROOKE ... 1 280 

Written on Leav- 
ing Ireland. From 

the Irish NUGENT ... 3 930 


MARY KELLY) 7 2675 

Sir Cahir 6 2430 

' O'Donnel, a National 

Tale ' MORGAN ... 7 2549 

O'Donnell. See A Song of Defeat 
and Tombs in the Church of 

Aboo McCANN . .. 6 2126 

(reference) 8 3270 

Capture of Hugh 

Roe CONNELLAN. 2 632 

Hugh Ruadh. See 

Roisin Dubh. 

Red Hugh 1* 

in the West 7 2743 


Manus, grandfa- 
ther of Hugh 

Roe 2 635 

O'Donnells banished 

from Galway, The 8 2917 


on Banin's verse x 45 


O'DONOGHUE, D. J., on 

Carleton 2 472 ; 5 xvii 

A. B. Code 2 607 

William Dren- 

nan's verse 3 924 

Kirkham 5 xvii 

William Kenealy 5 1788 

Lover's humor 5 2008 

MRS. POWER 7 2703 

of the Glens 4 1590 


on T. C. Irwin 5 1668 

Work of, for Cel- 
tic literature 2 xviii 

The Dead Anti- 
quary McGEB 6 2218 

O'Driscoll drove with a 

song YEATS 9 3701 

O'Dugan, Maurice 3 1188 

O'Farrell 9 i x 

O'Duibhme, Diarmuid 2 629 

NES 10 3967 

- (biography) 10 4026 

O Flynn, Lawrence 10 3713 

Father 4 1412 

O'er the wild gannet's 

bath DARLEY ... 2 809 

Of all trades that flour- 
ished of old : . . . LEVER 5 1958 

Drinking FLECKNOE . 3 1209 

old, when Scarron 

his companions 

Invited GOLDSMITH. 4 1380 

priests we can offerGRAVES 4 1412 


Prince of Conne- 

mara 72857 

RODERICK 7 2716 

O'Flaherty's cabin In 

Connemara 7 2615 


RODERICK 7 2723 

Oft have we trod the 

vales of Castaly . WILDE .... 9 3594 

' in the stilly night' MOORE 7 2527 

Ogam stones (see also 

Ogham) 4 3545 ; 7 2668 

O'Garas banished from 

Galway 82917 

Ogham explained and 

illustrated 2 x 

O'Gillarna, Martin Rua 1O 3751 

OGLE, GEORGE 7 2734 

a Monk of the 

Screw 2 797 

duel with Barney 

Coyle 1 148 

O'Gorman, Secretary, 

duel with Thomas 

Wallace 1 143 

O'Grady of Killbally- 

owen 4 1590 

STANDISH 7 2737 

on H. Grattan 4 1384 

(portrait) 7 2737 

Sir Horace Plun- 

ketf on 8 2911 


Work of, for Cel- 
tic literature 2 xviii 

O'Gnive, Lament of . . . CALLANAN . 2 443 

' Ogygia ' O'FLAHERTY. 7 2717 

William O'Brien on 7 2615 

Oh, dark, sweetest girl . FURLONG ... 4 1252 

Dermot Astore ! 

between waking. CRAWFORD . 2 658 


Irish Literature. 

Oh! drimin donn dilis IWALSH 

fairer than the lily 

tall FAHY . 

farewell, Ireland, I 

. 9 3511 

8 1133 






God, it is a dread- 

ful night ' .... KEBGAN ... 5 

Green and fresh '.TYNAN- 


If there be an Ely- 

sium on earth . . MOORE 6 

in the quiet haven, 

safe for aye ALHXANDER. 1 

Larry M'Hale he 

had little to fear. LOVER 5 

love is the soul. . . CODE 2 

lovely Mary Don- 
nelly ALLINGHAM. 1 

many a day have 
I made CALLANAN . . 2 

many and many a 
time GRAVES ... 4 

my dark Rosaleen . MANGAN ... 6 
my fair Pastheen . FERGUSON . 3 
my sweet little 

rose FURLONG . . 4 1247 

Paddy dear, and 

did ye hear .... STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3320 

Paudrig Crohoore 

was the broth of 

a boy LE FAND . . 5 1942 

rise up, Willy 


that my love and I.FURLONG . . 4 

the clang of the 

wooden shoon . . MOLLOY ... 6 

the fern, the fern . GEOGHEGAN . 4 

the French are on 

the sea STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

the marriage '. . . DAVIS 3 

the rain, the 

weary MANGAN . . . <J 

then tell me, 

Shawn O'Fer- 

rall' CASEY 2 672 

there was a poor 






LAD 8 

thou Atlantic, 

dark and deep . . .CROLY 2 

'tis little Mary 

Cassidy's FAHY 3 

to have lived like 

an Irish Chief.. DUFFY 3 

turn thee to me. . .FURLONG . . 4 

'twas D e r m o t 

O'Nowlan McFigg.O'FLAHERTY. 7 
' What a Plague is 

Love ' TYNAN- 

w n a t was love 

made for MOORK 3 

who could desire 

to see better 

sporting 1O 

who is that poor 

foreigner STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

yes, 'tis true, the 

debt is due HOGAN 4 


O'Hara, Kane, D. J. 

Donoghue on wit of 6 











O'Heffernan, the blind 7' vii 

O'Hussey's Ode to The 

Bard Maguire MANGAN ... 6 2309 

Oilioll 4 1613 

Oisin (see also Ossian, 

Usheen) 2 xil 

and Finn 4 1455 

Cause of popular- 
ity of 9 3060 

in Tirnanoge; or 

the Last of the 

Fena JOYCE 5 1714 

M acpherson'.s 

poems of 7 2<373 

See Niam and On 

the ' Colloquy of 

the Ancients/ 8 2917 

O'Kanes banished from 

Galway 8 2917, 

O'Kearney 1O 37891 

O'KELLY, PATRICK 7 2779 1 


O'KEBFFB, JOHN 7 2770 1 

and Sir Walter 

Scott 7 2591 j 

Old Age of Queen 

Maeve, The YEATS 9 3697 

Books of Erinn 7 2070 

' Celtic Romances 'JOYCE. 5 1724, 1731 

Custom, An GRIFFIN ... 4 1481' 

Lady Ann CROKER ... 2 660 ' 

" of Thread- 
needle Street, 

The" 8 8076' 

Pedhar Car thy 

from Clonmore. .McCALL ... 6 2122; 
" White," anec- 
dotes of 8 


Dr 2 


W. B. Yeats on 3 


on Kickham 5 


as a humorist 


(biography) 1O 

ography) 1O 

(reference) 1O 








Olkyrn, Iris See MILLIGAN. 

Ollamh, described 2 

Ollamhs, Costumes of 3 

O'Longan on ancient 

Irish MSS 2 

" Olwen " in The Mabi- 

nogion 9 

O'Mahon, Counsellor, 

duel with Henry 

Deane Grady 1 143- 


F. S. (FATHER PROUT) 6 2330 

O'Maille, Breanhaun 

Crone ' 

O'Mealley, Grace 7 




Omnium, Jacob. See HIGGINS 

O'More, Roger 9 

O'More's Fair Daughter. FURLONG . . 4 
On Carrigdhoun the 

heath LANE 51! 

Catholic Rights. . .O'CONNELL.. 7 2( 

Conciliation with 

America BURKE 1 

General Index. 



On Euripides' plays we 

debated ........ ARMSTRONG. 1 24 

. - Great Sugarloaf. ..GREENE ... 4 1424 

- Irishmen as Ru- 

lers ........... DUFFERIN . 3 938 

. _ Land Tenure ..... BUTT ..... 2 422 

- - Lough Neagh's 

banks, as the 

fisherman strays ............ 6 2277 

- a Colleen Bawn.. STREET BAL- 

9 3310 

' the Colloquy of 

the Ancients '.ROLLESTON . 8 2968 

Treaty with 

France ...... FLOOD .... 3 1219 

Death of Dr. 

Swift ....... SWIFT ..... 9 3380 

deck of Patrick 

Lynch's boat. .Fox ....... 3 1224 

fourteenth day, 

being Tuesday ............ 4 1484 

ocean that hol- 

lows ........ GRIFFIN ... 4 1510 

Old Sod (color 

plate) .................. 1 xvl 


'Prospect of 

Planting Arts 

and Learning 

in America. ..BERKELEY . 1 

. Travel FLECKNOE . 3 

Wind MARTYN ... 6 


Onciropolos See JOHNSTONE. 

One blessing on my na- 
tive isle CURRAN . 

day the Baron 

Stiffenbach WILLIAMS 



2 767 

Forgotten, The ...SHORTER 
Law for All 

morn a Peri at the 

gate MOORE ... 7 

morning by the 

streamlet O'BRIEN ... 7 

ranging for rec- 

reation s 

walking out I 

o'ertook ALLINGHAM. l 

night of late I 

chanced to stray. STREET BAL- 

LAD 8 

touch there is of 

magic white ....ALEXANDER. 1 

winter's day, long, 

long ago KEEGAN ... 5 

)*NEACHTAN J , J. (biog- 

John, Translations 

from Irish of. 

A Lament ~ 

Maggy Ladir 4 







'O'Neill, A Life of Owen 

Roe' TAYLOR ... 9 

Hugh 8 

and his men, A 

vision of * 

Flight of J 

The rebellion of 

Submission of 

of Ulster 1(J 

Molra See SKRINE. 

Owen Roe 

Sir Phelim 

- r ' Ne "-- 957 ; -42i9,' 1830;? 












O'Neills banished from 

Galway 8 2917 

Only Son of Aoife, The . GREGORY . . 4 1426 

Oracles, Ancient Irish 72717 

Orange lilies, A story of 3 970 

-The EGAN 3 1080 

- Societies 9 3520 


King William 3 967 

Protestant Boys 9 3311 

The Orange Lilies 3 1080 

The Orangeman's 

Submission 9 3430 

Willy Reilly 9 3321 

Orangeman's Submis- 
sion, The TONNA 93430 

Orator, Canning as 1 170 

Dean Kir wan as 1 127 

Dr. Alexander as 1 8 

Father Keogh as 8 1202 

Flood as 3 1210 

Flood the first 

real 7 x 

Fox as 3 1191 

Gladstone the 
greatest in the 

Commons 7 2657 

Grattan, hero and 4 1384 

Isaac Butt as 2 421 

Meagher as 6 2414 

O'Connell as 7 2624 

Pitt as 3 1191 

Puff MOORE 7 2541 

Sheridan as FITZGERALD. 3 1190 


Orators, Great attribute 

of ? 

in Irish Parlia- 
ment (portraits) 7 


Pulpit, Bar, and 

Parliament a r y 

Eloquence BARRINGTON. 1 

Chatham and 

Townshend BURKE . . 

Extracts -from the 

Impeachment of 

Warren flastwsrs.BuRKE . . 

On American Tax- 
ation BURKE . . 

On Conciliation 

with America . . .BURKE . . 

Disarming of Ul- 
ster CURRAN . 

Farewell to the 

Irish ParZtcrmenf.CuRRAN . 

Liberty of the 

Press CURRAN . 

On Catholic Eman- 
cipation CURRAN . 

Speech at Newry 

Election CURRAN . 

Last Speech EMMET- . 

Speech on Robert 


Defense of the Vol- 
unteers FLOOD . . . 

On a Commercial 

Treaty with 

France FLOOD . . . 

Reply to Grattan's 

Invective FLOOD . . . 

Declaration of Irish 


Of the Injustice of 

Disqualificat ion 

of Catholics GRATTAN 

1 391 

1 383 

1 373 

1 376 

2 780 
2 783 
2 778 
2 774 

2 788 

3 1087 

3 1170 
3 1217 

3 *1219 

3 1212 

4 1387 

4 1405 


Irish Literature. 

4 1400 
6 2420 

6 2415 

6 2424 

7 2641 
7 2629 

7 2825 

7 2861 

8 2892 

8 2891 
8 2896 

8 2926 

8 3057 

8 3072 



- Philippic against 

Flood ......... GRATTAN . 

- Glory of Ireland. .MEAGHER . 

- On the Policy for 

Ireland ........ MEAGHER . 

- Speech from the 

Dock .......... MEAGHER . 

- Justice for /reZerncZ.O'CoNNELL . 

- On Catholic Rights. O' CORNELL,. 

- Common Citizen 

Soldier ........ O'REILLY . 

- Address Before the 

House, Washing- 

ton ........... PARNELL . 

- Ambition of the 

Irish Patriot. . . .PHILLIPS . 

- Eulogy of Wash- 

ington ........ PHILLIPS . 

- The Union ...... PLUNKET .. 

- First Step toward 

Home Rule ---- REDMOND . 

- Ireland's Part in 

English Achieve- 
ment ......... SHEIL 

-- Speech in Opposi- 
tion to Pitt's 
First Income TaorSHERiDAN . 

- In Defense of 

Charles Gavan 

Duffy ......... WHITESIDB. 9 3550 

- A century of. See The Irish 

School of Oratory. 

- in America, Bryce 

on ............... , .1 337 

- Irish, pitched in a 

high key ................. 7 v ii 

- Masters in ................. 7 xxviii 

- The Irish School O/TAYLOR ... 7 vii 
O'Reilly. See Macken- 

na's Dream ............... 8 3297 

- (Father) on nam- 

ing children .............. 4 igjo 

- JOHN BOYLE (por- 

trait) ................ 7 2825 

- His Life.Poems, 

and Speeches ' ........... 7 2825 

- on Fanny Par- 

nell's Land 

League songs .......... 72870 

- Private Miles. See HALPINE. 

- Myles, F. M. Egan 

on ....................... 5 y|ii 

Orford, Lord, on an 

Irish hull .............. .3 1058 

Oriel, Dubhdun, King of ........... 4 1623 

Oriental bull, An ............. 3 1056 

- folk lore and Irish ........... 3 X vii 

- life ........................ 1 408 

Origin of Life, The ---- KELVIN .... 5 1784 

- O'Connell ....... HOEY ..... 4 1588 

- the Irish, The. . ..WARE .... 9 3547 
Originality of ancient 

Irish literature ............. 1 viii 

- Irish Bulls Exam- 

ined, The ...... EDGEWORTH. 3 1055 

Ormond, M. F. Egan on ............ 5 xi 

Ormonde on the mass- 

acre at Dro^heda ........ 7 2567, 2573 

Ormshy, Sir Chnrles ; a 

story of the butcher ............ 1 144 

' Oro, O darling Fair ! 'SIGERSON .. 8 3142 
O'Rourke, Daniel ..... MAGINN ... 6 2313 

O'Rory Converses with 

the Quality ........ MORGAN ... 7 2549 

ORR, ANDREW .............. . ____ 7 2837 


ORR, JAMES 7 2339 

The Wake of Wil- 
liam DRENNAN . . 3 925 

Orrery, Lord, Swift and 

Faulkner 4 1263 

O'Ryan was a man of 

might HALPINE . . 4 1540 

Osborne, Anecdote of 

Sir William 2 425 

Oscar, Keen, light-foot- 
ed 7 2766 

Strength of 5 1723 

with edged blade 

fighting 4 1525 

Osgar (Oscur), grand- 
son of Ossia 4 1455 ; 8 2753 


O'SHEA, P. J 1O 3343 

(biography) 1O 4029 

Ossian (see also Oisin) 8 29001 

(biography) 1O 4020 1 

and Patrick, Lay 

of GWYNN ... 4 1523 1 

and St. Patrick 2 xvi ; 4 lf>01 

The Burthen of. . .O'GRADY ... 7 


and The Celts. 

Ossianic lays, The 4 1608 

manuscripts in the 

Trinity College 

collection 7 

or Finn Cycle 2 

poems, The 6 2233 

prose romances 8 29( 

Ossian's prose among 

the Irish people 4 1( 

Ossin, Ossian, or Oisin 5 17( 

O'Sullivan Bear, Dirge 

of CALLANAN . 2 

Gaelic 3 

Red 3 

Rev. 8. on the 

Burial of Sir 

John Moore 9 3632 

Othello at Drill LEVER .... 5 1979 

O'Trigger, Sir Lucius 
(character in ' The 

Rivals ') 8 3082, 3088 

O'Tundher 9 3515 


' Ould Master, The '... BARLOW ... 1 11 

Plaid Shawl, T/IC.FAHY 3 1134 

(color plate) 1O F -<<)> t 

9 3328'J 

2 174T.1 



Our Exiles SULLIVAN 

long dispute must 

close CROLY . . . . 

' Manifold Nature, 

Stories from 

Life ' MACFALL . . 

own Times, His- 
tory of MCCARTHY . , 


Thrones Decay . . RUSSELL . . 


O 2273 
S 3001 
7 2767 

Ourselves Alone O'HAGAN 

Out of Order 7 2793 

upon the sand- 
dunes TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3460 

Outer, Lough G 2277 

Outlaw of Loch Lene, 

The .CALLANAN . 2 441 

'Outline of Irish His- 
tory, An ' MCCARTHY . . 6 2174 

Outside Car (half-tone 

engraving) 2 788 

General Index. 


Outworn heart, in a 

time outworn YEATS . . . 

Over here in England .. SKRINE . 

moving water and 

surges white ...MILLIGAN 

the carnage rose 

prophetic a Voice 


9 3705 
8 3154 

6 2435 

7 2827 
Oveton~ Father Richard, 

slain at Drogheda 7 2573 

Owen Bawn 3 1179 

King of Munster 2 444 

Mor, King of Fern- 
mag 4 1616 

Roe (see also A Glance at Ire- 
land's History 3 

' O'Neill, Life of'.TAYLOE ... 9 

Ownabwee, The 5 

Ox Mountains, The 6 


Pacata Hibernia O'GRADY .. 7 

Author of 7 

Paddy, agra, run down 

to the bog STREET BAL- 
LAD 8 

Blake and the 

echo 3 

Corcoran' 's Wife . . CARLETON . . 2 

Fret, the Priest's 


MacCarthy HOGAN .... 4 

the Piper LOVER .... 5 

Fagan Irish, Esthetic 




sensibility of the 2 

Pain's ' Age of Reason ' 

condemned 9 

Painting, Expression of 

female beauty by 5 

Pale, The 4 

English of the 9 

The English 1O 

Paler and thinner the 

morning M'GEE .... 6 

Palestine 7 

Paley's ' Natural Theol- 
ogy ' 5 

Palliser, Archbishop 5 

Palmerston, Lord 3 

Pamphlet, Power of the 7 

Pamphleteer., Sivift as a BOYLE . . .. 1 

Pantheon, The early 

Irish 2 

Paradise and the Peri. .MOORE .... 7 

Paralon, or Migdonia 4 

Parents and children, 

Affection between 6 

Parliament, Fareivell to 

the Irish CURRAN ... 2 

How Ireland Lost 

her MCCARTHY . . 6 

Irish Houses of 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 2 

of Ireland closed 6 

The risrhts of 6 

4 Parliamentary Reform, 

Speech on ' 2 

speaking, Canning 

on 1 


STEWART (portrait) 7 



















PARNELL, C. S., Address 
of, before the 
House, Washing- 
ton, Feb. 2, 1879 7 

and the Land Lea- 
gue 9 

National League 9 

J. H. McCarthy on 6 

Life of Charles 

Stewart' O'BRIEN ... 7 

on the Manchester 

martyrs 7 

Service of, to Eng- 
lish legislation 6 

went into Politics, 

Why O'BRIEN ... 7 

Epitaph on DoctorGoLDSMiTH . 4 


-W. B. Yeats on. . .3 









Sir John, and Ire- 
land's inde- 
pendence 6 2170 

Chancellor of the 

Exchequer 1 135 

THOMAS 7 2874 

English poet 6 2177 

W. B. Yeats on 3 v ii 

Parodist, Maginn the 

best 6 xiv 

Parsons as a Monk of 

the Screw 5 1957 

Parthalomans, The 9 vii 

Partholan 2 xi 

Parties in Ireland in 

1798 9 3426 

' The Chiefs of ' . . MADDEN .... 6 2284 

Partners in Crime GRIFFIN ... 4 1494 

' Party Fight and Fu- 
neral ' CARLETON . . 2 559 

Passing of the Gael, T/^MACMANUS. . 6 2267 
Pasteur, Pouchet, and* 

Bastian 5 1784 

Pastha, The, described 3 xx 

Pastheen Fion. From 

the Irish FERGUSON . 3 1184 

Pat (comic paper) 6 x 

Pater, Walter, on 

George Moore 7 2483 

Pathos in Irish humor 6 viil 

Patience of the Irish 

peasant 3 855 

Patrician Bards, The 2 xviii 

Patrick, A Lai/ of Os- 

sian and GWYNN ... 4 1523 

and Ossian 7 2753 

See also Saint Patrick. 

Sheehan KICKHAM .. 5 1831 

Patriot, The Ambition 

of the Irish PHILLIPS ... 7 2892 

Patriotic S o n K s > 
Songs of War, 

Siege of Derry . . .ALEXANDER. 1 3 

" He said that he 

10 a s not our 

brother " BANIM 1 58 

The Sword BARRY 1 149 

The Saxon Shilling. RUGG? 1 358 

Gougane Barra . . . CALLANAN . 2 439 

" O soy my brown 

drimin " CALLANAN . 2 442 

Rising of the Moon.CA.SE? .... 2 572 

Green little Sham- 
rock of Ireland. .CHERRY ... 2 587 


Irish Literature. 

Patriotic and War 

The Fighting jRace.CLARKE 

Wearing of the 


Fontenoy DAVIS 

My Grave DAVIS 

My Land DAVIS 

A Nation once 

again DAVIS 

The West's Asleep. DA.VIS 

A Cushla Gal mo 


Brigade at Fonte 


Wake of W. Orr. .DRENNAN 

Battle of Beal-An- 

Atha-Buidh DBBNNAN 

Ode on Leaving Ire 

Innishowen DUFFY 

Irish Chiefs DUFFY 

Irish Rapparees . . . DUFFY 

Muster of the 

North DUFFY 

Lines on Arbor 


Fair Hills of Ire- 

Song of the Irish 

Emigrant FITZSIMON. 

County of Mayo.. Fox. 

Roisin Dubh FURLONG 

Sorrowful Lament 

for Ireland .... GREGORY 

Ireland G WYNN 

Song of Defeat .. .GWYNN 

" Not a star from 

the flag shall 

fade " HALPINB 

Sarsfleld Testimo- 
nial HOGAN 

Memory of the 


Ways of War .... JOHNSON 

Blacksmith of Lim- 
erick JOYCE 

Crossing the Black- 
water JOYCE 

Fineen, the Rover.Jo^CE .... 

Irish Reaper's 

Harvest Hymn . . KEEGAN 

Rory of the Hill. .KICKHAM 

Royal Love LEAMY 

Exiles Return . . . LOCKE 

W ar-S hips of 

Peace LOVER 

The Croppy Boy. .McBuRNBY. 

Good Ship Castle 

Down McBuRNEY. 

O'Donnell Aboo . .McCANN 

Pillar Towers of 


To my Buried 

The fair hills of 

Erin M c 


The Irish Exile. . . M A c D E R 


Am I Remembered .'M'GEE 

The Celts M'GEB 

Dead Antiquary, 

O'Donovan .... .'M'GEE 

Death of the Home- 
ward Bound . . . M'GEB 

B ... 2 598 


Patriotic and War 

Salutation of the 
Celts M'GEE 

6 2226 

N ... 2 767 

8 823 

To D uffy in 
Prison .... M'GEE 

6 2220 

3 827 
3 831 

My Inver Bay. . . . MACMANUS. . 
Passing of the 
Gael .... MACM\.\US 

G 2264 
6 226' r 

3 827 

.... 3 828 


IY .. 3 864 

Fair Hills of #t>e'. MANGA N . 
lahan MANGAN . . . 

6 2378 
6 2380 

NO .. 3 878 

Kinkora . . . MANGAN 

6 2377 

AN . . 3 924 

Lament MANGA \ 

6 235 

AN . . 3 925 

Buried Forests of 
Erin . . MILLIGAN 

6 2437 

AN .. 3 928 

flOND. 3 930 

After the Battle. .MOORE . . . . 
' Fairest put on 
awhile ' MOORE . . . . 

7 2536 
7 2529 

3 961 
3 959 
3 957 

.... 3 954 

' Go where glory 
waits thee ' . . . . MOORE . . . . 
Irish Peasant to 
his Mistress MOORE 
Meeting of the 
Waters .... MOORE . . . . 

7 2530 
7 2536 
7 2532 

c 3 1094 
SON . 3 1185 

The Minstrel Boy . MOORE 
' O the sight en- 
trancing ' MOORE . 

7 2535 
7 2531 

MON.. 3 1206 
3 1224 

' Rich and rare 
were the gems 
she wore ' .... MOORE . . . . 

7 2532 

NG ..4 1247 

SY .. 4 1459 
i .... 4 1532 
I 4 1529 

Song of FionnualaMooRE . . . . 
The harp that onceMoOBl . . . . 
' When he who 
adores thee ' . . . MOORE .... 
Loch Ina O'BRIEN . . . 

7 2534 
7 2535 

7 2534 
7 2602 

Tipperary O'DOHERTY 

7 ^675 

ra ... 4 1539 
4 1592 

Spinning Song . . . O'DONNELL. 
Tombs in the 
Church of Mon- 
torio O'DONNELL . 

7 2686 
7 2684 

I ... 5 1659 

'/ give my heart 
to thee ' O'GRADY . . . 

7 2760 

3N .. 5 1699 
5 1741 

Dear Land O'HAGAN . . 
Ourselves Alone. .O'HAGAN . .. 
To God and Ire- 

7 2768 
7 2767 

5 1744 

land True O'LEARY ... 
At Fredericksburg 

7 2796 

. 5 1743 

Dec. IS, 1862 . . .' . O'REILLY . . 

7 2831 

i ... 5 1765 
AM .. 5 1829 

Ensign Epps, the 
Color-Bearer . . .O'REILLY . . 
From ' Wendell 
Phillips ' ... O'REILLY . . 

7 2830 
7 2836 

Mayflower O'REILLY . . 

7 2834 

In Exile Australia^ 

7 2837 

The Irishmen ORR 

7 839 

.... 6 2085 

NEY.. 6 2115 
NET.. 6 2113 

N ... 6 2126 

RTHY. 6 2130 

Song of an Exile . . ORR 
Erin, my Queen. . .PARNELL . . 
Hold the Carves*. PARNELL .. 
Post-Mortem .... PARNELL . . 
Fight of the Arm- 
strong PHvateer.RocHB 
Edward Duffy ROSSA 

7 2840 
7 2873 
7 2871 
7 2870 

8 2961 
8 2983 

PHY.. 6 2172 

O N - 

Shan e's Head .... SAVAGE .... 
The Lost Tribune. SIGERSON .. 
Corrymeela SKRINE . . . 

8 3024 
8 3133 
8 3154 

k. . . .10 3937 


Lament for King 
Ivor STOKES . . . 

8 3260 

' ... 6 2189 
6 2225 
6 2223 

6 2218 

The Boyne Water. STREET BAL- 
MacKenna's DreamSTREET BAL- 
By Memory In- 
spired STREET BAL- 

8 3271 
8 3296 

6 2222 


8 3274 

General Index. 



Patriotic and War 
S oners. 

Protestant Boys .. STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3311 

Shan Van Vocht. .STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3313 

Wearin' o' the 

LAD 9 3320 

Dear old Ireland . SULLIVAN .. 9 3341 

God save Ireland. SULLIVAN .. 9 3339 

Fairy Gold TODHUNTER. 9 3411 

Longing TODHUNTER. 9 3408 

The Maiden City. .TONNA .... 9 3428 

Orangeman's Sub- 
mission TONNA 9 3430 

' Oh, green and 

fresh ' TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3461 

The Exodus WILDE 9 3570 

To Ireland WILDE 9 3573 

Farewell to Amer- 
ica WILDE .... 9 3599 

Minister War-on#.WiLLiAMS . 9 3607 


Archbishop Ireland 

on 5 1662 

of the Irish 2 442 

See Nationality and Imperialism. 

Patterson, Chief Justice 
C. P., duels with gen, 

tlemen 1 143 


Pearce, Sir Edward 5 1914 

Pearl of the White 

Breast PETRIB 8 2886 

' Peasant Lore from 

Gaelic Ireland '.DEENY .... 3 845 
846, 847 

to his Mistress, 

The Irish MOORE 7 2536 

Superstitions of 

the Irish 6 2149 

English and Irish, 

compared 5 1835 

Peasantry and landlords 1 138 

Character of the 

Irish 1 138 ; 3 854 ; 6 2193 

Conditions of the 9 3426 

Dress of the 9 3495 

Peck, H. T., on George 

Moore 7 2483 

Pcdersen, Dr., on the 

Irish vocabulary 4 1607 

Peel, Sir R., Challenge 

of, to O'Connell 7 2625 

on E. Burke 1 x 

4 Peep O'Day, The ' BANIM 1 46 

Peggy Browne. From 

the Irish FURLONG . . 4 1252 

i Pelasgic style of archi- 
tecture 8 2881 

I ' Pen and Ink Sketch of 

Daniel O'Connell ' . . SHEIL 8 3064 

; Penal Days, Women in 

Ireland in ATKINSON . 1 28 

Laws MCCARTHY. . 6 2179 

(reference) 7 2615 

Injustice of the 5 1838 

of 1695-97 . 9 x 

servitude, The hor- 
rors of 3 839 

' Penny numbers,' The 

evils of 2 640 

Pensions for veterans of 

the civil war 7 2829 

Pentonville Prison 3 839 


People, Amusements of. O'BRIEN ... 7 2620 

' Perhaps ' WYNNE .... 9 3649 

Persecution by Protest- 
ants and Roman Cath- 
olics alike 7 2790 

' Personal Narrative of 
a Pilgrimage to 
El Medinah and 
Mecca' BURTON 2 408 

' Sketches ' BARRINGTON. 1 127 

129, 138, 141 

Personification of Ire- 
land 1 viii 

Pery, E. S., Speaker of 
Irish House of Par- 
liament 7 ix 

Petre, Lord, and Father 

O'Leary 7 2793 


on the Round Tow- 
ers 9 3489 

Petrie's ' Christian De- 
scriptions ' (cited) 9 3484 

Petticoats, Ancient Irish 9 3495 

Phantom Ship, The ...MILLIGAN .. 6 2435 

Phaudrig Crohoore . . . . LE FANU . . 5 1942 

Philandering BOYLE .... 1 277 

Philippic Against FZood.GRATTAN . . 4 1400 

Philips, Bishop, of Kil- 

lala <? 2232 


Sir Thomas, pri- 
vate collector of 
Irish MSS 72673 

' Philo-Junius.' See Sir 
Philip Francis. 


Poetry of Words. .TRENCH ... 9 3434 

Language of the 

Ancient Irish . . WARE 9 3544 

Place names in 

Ireland 62228 

Surnames of the 

Ancient Irish . . WARE 9 3546 

Philosopher, Emerson, 

The 7 2556 

' Philosophical Survey 
of the South of Ire- 
land, A ' 


Extracts from ' The 

Querist ' BERKELEY 

Glimpse of his 

Country House. .BERKELEY 

True Pleasures . . BERKELEY 

Thoughts on Vari- 
ous Subjects . . . SWIFT . . 

Twelve Articles. . . SWIFT . . 

Phoenix Park 1 146 

Phooka's Tower, The 6 2313 

Phosphor, The Planet 

Venus, Hesperus twdCLARKE . . 

Picture of Ulster McNEViN . 

Pig Fair (half-tone en- 

' Pilgrimage to El Me- 
dinah and Mecca, Per- 
sonal Narrative of a 'BURTON . . 

Pilgrimages in olden 



7 2695 

. 1 177 


9 3377 
9 3388 

2 601 

6 2274 

7 2484 

1 408 


1 26 

7 2693 

Pillar Towers of Ire- 
land, The MACCARTHY. 6 2130 

Pillars of Hercules 2 749 

Pinchbeck Heroes, The 

Worship of GOLDSMITH. 4 1338 


Irish Literature. 


Piozzi, Signer 6 2471 

Piper, A Blind Irish 

(half-tone engraving) 5 176 

Pitch-capping 9 3447 

Pitt, William MADDEN ... 6 2284 

and Sheridan 3 1194 

on Grattan's ora- 
tory 7 

Sheridan's retort 

on 8 3122 

Pitt's First Income Tax 
Bill, Speech in Oppo- 
sition to SHERIDAN . . 8 3072 

Pity of Love, The YEATS 9 3704 

Place of Rest, The RUSSELL . . 8 2997 

names in Ireland 6 2228 

Placidia 5 1925 

Plague in Ireland, The 

Famine and the 1 58 

Planet Venus, Hesperus 

and Phosphor, The.. CLARKE ... 2 601 

Plato 2 603 

Plato's ' Timceus ' 2 749 

Players in London dur- 
ing the reign of 

Henry VII 62347 

Plea for Liberty of Con- 
science O'LEARY ... 7 2789 

the Study of 

Irish, A O'BRIEN ... 7 2614 

' Pleasant Ned Lysaght ' 6 2106 

Pleasing, The Art of. . . STEELE 8 3206 

Plebeian bards, The 3 xviii 

Pledge, Signing the 6 2398 

Ploioer, The COLUM 2 612 



A master of ora- 
tory 7 xxvili 

and the Irish na- 
tional Parlia- 
ment 6 2171 

as a Monk of the 

Screw 5 1957 

Bulwer on 7 xxv 

Oratory of, de- 
scribed 7 xxv 


(portrait) 8 2908 

Pocket boroughs, Irish 

Parliament elected by 6 2162 

Pockrich, Richard, in- 
ventor of the musical 

glasses 7 2690 

' Poems ' YEATS 9 3704 

Poet and Publisher. . . .JOHNSTONS. 5 1709 

How to Become C.FAHY 3 1124 

Poetry. (All poems are indexed 
under their titles and first 

Irish, E. Spenser 

on 4 ix 

Modern Irish, 

Yeats on 3 

of Words, The . . .TRENCH 

Poet's Corner in West- 
minster Abbey 4 

' Poets and Dreamers ' . GREGORY .... 4 

in Ancient Ireland 2 

of the Agrarian 

movement 3 

Fenian move- 
ment 3 

Nation. See 

Modern Irish 

9 3434 



Poets of Young Ire- 
land, W. B. Yeats on 

Pole, Wellesley, a 

Monk of the Screw 

Polemical ballads, On.... 

Policy for Ireland, On 

the MEAGHER. . 

Political humor 

satire. See Rack- 
renters on the 

Politics and Gov- 

Swift as a Pam- 
phleteer BOYLE . . . . 

England and Ire- 
land BRYCE ... . 

Chatham and 

Townshend ....BURKE ... 

Extracts from a 

Letter to a Noble 

Lord BURKE . . . 

Extracts from the 

Impeachment of 
Warren flasftn^s 

On American Tax- 
ation BURKE . . . 

On Conciliation 

with America . . BURKE . . . 

On Land Tenure. . BUTT . . . . 

On the English 

Constitution ...CANNING . 

Disarming of Ul- 
ster CUHRAN . . 

Farewell to the 

Irish Parliament. CURR AN . . 

Liberty of the 

Press CURRAN . . 

On Catholic Eman- 
cipation CURRAN . . 

Speech at Newry 

Election CURRAN .. 

How the Anglo- 
Irish Problem 
Could be Solved . DAVITT . . . 

How to Govern 

Ireland DE VERU . . 

On Irishmen as 

Rulers DUFPERIN . 

On a Commercial 

Treaty icith 

France FLOOD .... 

Reply to Grattan's 

Invective FLOOD .... 

To the Duke of 

Grafton FRANCIS . . 

Duty of Criticism 

in a Democracy .GODKIN .. 

Liberty in Eng- 

Declaration of 

Irish Rights . . . GRATTAN .. 

Of the Injustice of 

Disqualiflc ation 

of Catholics .... GRATTAN .. 

Philippic against 

Flood GRATTAN .. 

Native Land of 

Liberty IRELAND . . 

Politics at Dinner. KINO 

Faith of a Felon . . LALOR . . . 

Beginnings of 

Home Rule MCCARTHY. 

How Ireland Lost 

Her Parliament. MCCARTHY. 

The Irish Church. MCCARTHY. , 

3 viil 

6 1J415I 

1 2601 

1 346 

1 391 

1 379 


4 1405' 

4 1400' 

5 1G62' 
f 1S33 
5 1855 

G 2174 

C 21G1 1 

General Index. 


Politics and Gov- 

- Penal Laws, The . . MACCARTHY. C 

- On the Policy for 

Ireland ........ MEAGHBR . . G 

- A Nation's Right. . MOLYNEUX.. O 

- Colonial Slavery, 

1831 ........... O'CONNELL. . 

- Justice for Ire- 

land .......... O'CONNELL. . 

- On Catholic -RigrfttsO'CoNNELL. . 

- Gladstone and the 

Great Home Rule 

Debate ........ O'CONNOR . . 

- - Address Before the 

House, Washing- 

ton ........... PARNELL . . . 

- The Union ...... PLUNKET . . 

- First Step toward 

Home Rule ..... REDMOND. . . 

- Nationality and 

Imperialism ....RUSSELL ... 

- Ireland's Part in 

English Achieve- 

ment .......... SHEIL .... 

- Speech in Opposi- 

tion to Pitt's 

First Income- Taa?SHERiDAN.. . 

- Our Exiles ...... SULLIVAN . . . 

- Brass Half-pence. . SWIFT .... 

- Short View of Ire- 

land .......... SWIFT .... 

- Essay on the State 

of Ireland in 

1720 ........... TONE ..... 

- State of Ireland in 

179S, The ...... TONE ..... 

- Some College Rec- 

ollections ...... WALSH ... 




7 2650 

7 2641 
7 2629 

7 2656 



8 3057 


9 3362 

Politics at Dinner .... KING 


Bryce on American ........... 1 

Pollruane ....................... 7 

Pooka, The, described 

(see also Phooka) .............. 3 

Pope, A., on Sir John 

Denham .................. 3 

- on the Earl of 

Roscommon ............... 8 

Poppsea, The Empress ............. 2 

Popular Superstitions. See The Celtic 
Element in Literature; Su- 
perstitions; Fairy and Folk 
tales, etc. 
Population of Ireland, 

Decrease in ................... 9 

Portland, Duke of, on 

the Union .................... 8 

Portlaw to Paradise, 

From ............. DOWNEY ... 3 

Portmore ....................... 3 

Portsalon ............... ........ 6 

Portstewart ..................... 4 

Position of Women in 

the United States . . . BP.YCE ..... 1 

Positiveness, Swift on ............ 9 

Posterity, Sir Boyle 

Roche on ..................... 1 

Post-Mortem ......... PARNELL ... 7 

Pot of Broth, The ....... ..1O 

Post Office, The, in 1830 

(half-tone engraving) ........... 6 

Potato failure of 1846 ............ 4 

' Potatoes and point " ............ 4 

' Poteen Punch ' ...... BODKIN ... 1 

Ponlanass ...................... 5 

Poul-a-Phooka (half- 

tone engraving) ............... 5 





















Poynings Act passed in 

1495 9 ix 

Law 3 1210, 1213 ; 4 1395 

1401, 1403 ; 6 2161 ; 9 3390 

Repealed 9 x 

Practical Illustration, A. SHAW 83035 

joking s xvi 

Prejudices, Swift on 9 3377 

Racial 8 2995 

Premium, Mr. (charac- 
ter in ' School for 
Scandal ') 8 3105 

PATRICK 8 2913 

Prentice boys, The 9 3428 

Preponderance of Prot- 
estant power 9 3423 

Presentation at the Vice- 
regal court, Dublin 1 246 ; 6 22U3 

Press, Liberty of the..Dv VERB... 3 852 

The Liberty of tfteCuRRAN ... 2 778 

Preternatural in Fiction BURTON ... 1 404 

Prevalence of Irish hu- 
mor 6 x 

Priest, Love of Irish forBANiM 1 56 

Priest's Brother, The... SHORTER ... 8 3130 

Soul, The WILDE 4 3561 

Priests at Drogheda, 

Murder of the 7 2572 

Primitive Irish, An- 
tiquity of the 2 viil 

Prince of Dublin Print- 
ers, The GILBERT ... 4 1258 

of Inismore, The.. MORGAN ... 7 2543 

Princess Talleyrand as 

a Critic, The BLESSINGTON! 212 

' Principles of Govern- 
ment ' O'BRIEN ... 7 2620 

Printers, The Prince of 

Dublin GILBERT ... 4 1258 

Prison Code, The 6 2178 

' Diary, Leaves 

from a ' DAVITT. 3 832, 837 

To Duffy in M'GEE 6 2220 

Private Miles O'Reilly. See HALPINE. 

' Problems of Modern 
Democracy' GODKIN ... 4 1290 

Procession of peers at 

Lord Santry's trial 7 2725 

Proclamation, a, con- 
cerning Shane the 
Proud 1O 3843 

Procrastination, Evils of 4 1535 

Progress, Human 1 175 

Proleke Stone, The 

(half-tone engraving) 7 2666 

Promised Wife, To my. WALSH .... 9 3510 

Progresses (migrations) 2 xii 

Property tax, O'Connell 

on the 7 2633 

Prophecy regarding Ja- 
cob's Stone, The 7 2717 

Prosecutions, Evils of 

State 9 3552 

Prospect, A 6 2107 

Prospecting in Montana 3 965 

Protection to American 

Industry 4 1296 

Protestant Boys STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3311 

Garrison in Ire- 
land, The ' 6 2153, 2156 

power in Ireland 9 3423 

The great orators 

in Irish Parlia- 
ments were 7 viii 


Irish Literature. 

,. 3 


Proud of you, fond of 

Proudly the note of the 

trumpet is sounding. McCANN ... 6 

PROUT, Father. See MAHONY. 

Famous Blarney- 
Stone stanza of, 
in The Groves of 
Blarney 6 2441 

on 'Lalla Rookh.' 62342 

Moore's ' Nation- 
al Melody ' 6 2342, 2345 

T. C. Croker 2 680 

' Reliques of Fa- 
ther ' MAHONY ... 6 2337 

Proverbs, Early Irish, 

joyous 6 vii 

See Irish Ranns 1O 3833 

Prussia, The King of, 

cited on land tenure 7 2866 

Psalter of Rosbrine 7 2853 

Psalters of Tara and 

Cashel, The 7 2664 

Psychological method of 

studying literature 3 868 

Public opinion, Effect of 

French Revolution on 9 3424 

Puca, The, becomes 

Puck in Shakespeare 4 ix 

Pue's Occurrences (a 

Dublin newspaper) 5 1919 

Puff, Orator MOORE .... 7 2541 

Pugin's 'Revival of 
Christian Architec- 
ture ' (quoted) 8 3238 

Pulpit, Bar, and Parlia- 
mentary Eloquence. .BARRINGTON. 1 127 

Purdon, Epitaph on Ed- 
ward GOLDSMITH. 4 1383 

Put your head, darling. FERGUSON... 3 1183 

Pyramids, The WARBURTON. 9 3529 

Pythagoras 2 602 

Quare Gander, The LE FAND... 5 1928 

Quand je suis mort, Je 

veux qu'on m'enterre.MAROT .... 6 2338 
Quarrelsome Irishmen . . O'KEEFFE . . 7 2773 
Quarterly Review, The, 

founded by John Wil- 
son CROKER ... 2 675 

Quebec, Darby Doyle's 

Voyage to ETTINGSALL. 3 1114 

Queen and Cromwell, 

The WILLS 9 3612 

Queen's County Witch, 

A (fairy and folk 

tale) ANONYMOUS. 3 1150 

Queenstown (half-tone 

engraving) 2 427 

Querist, Extracts from 

The BERKELEY.. . 1 177 

Querns or hand-mills 5 1736 

Quiet Irish Talk, A KEELING ... 5 1769 

Quin, Matthew and 

Mary 82915 

Quotation, A Pointed 7 2652 

Rabelais 3 873 

Race prejudiced 8 2995 

Racial flavor in Irish 

literature 2 xviii 

Racing, Irish love of .............. 8 

Rackett Lady (character 

in ' Three Weeks 

After Marriage ') ............ 7 

- Sir Charles (char- 

acter in ' Three 
Weeks After Mar- 
riage') ................... 7 

Rackrent, Castle ..... EDGBWORTH. 3 

- Family, Continua- 

tion of the Mem- 

oirs of the ..... EDGEWORTH. 3 

R a ckr en t er a on the 

Stump ............. SULLIVAN . . 9 

Raftery, Anthony ........ 1O 3917, 

- (biography) ................ 1O 

- and Mary Hynes ............. 9 

- and the Bush ............... 9 

- How long has it 

been said ................. JO" 

- The Cuis Da pic ............. 1O 

Raftery's poems among 

the people ............... 4 

- poetry ..................... 9 

- Repentance ...... HYDE ..... 1O 

Raglan, Lord, at Bal- 

aklava ........................ 8 

Railroad Story, A. See 

In the Engine-Shed. 
Raise the Cromlech 

high ............... ROLLESTON. 8 

1 Raising the Wind '. . ..KENNEY ... 5 

Rakes of Malloiv, The. STREET BAL- 

LAD ..... 1> 

Raleigh in Munster. . .DOWNEY ... 3 
Rambling Reminiscen- 

ces ................ MILLIGAN. . . C 

Ramelton ............... 4 1512 ; 6 

Ramillie cock-hat, The ............ 9 

Ramsay, Grace. See O'MEARA. 
Randle, Dr., Bishop of 

Derry, cited on Lord 

Santry's Trial ................. 7 

Ranelagh Gardens ............... 1 

Ranns, Irish .................... 1O 

Raphoe, Donegal ................. O 

Rapparee, The, among 

the hill fern ................... 3 

Rapparees, The Irish. .DUFFY ---- 3 

Raps ........................... 9 

Rath Maolain (Rath- 

mullen) ................... % 

- of Croghan, The ............. R 

- Cruane .................... 7 

Rathdowney .................... 3 

Rathdrum, Beautiful 

scenery between Ark- 

low and ....................... 7 

Rathmore ....................... 2 

Rathmullen ..................... 6 

Hugh Roe at ............... 2 

Ray, T. M., and Repeal ............ 9 

in Prison .................. 6 

Ray's ' Social Condi- 

tion of Europe ' ............... 2 


SON ...................... 8 

out the names ...CLARKE ... 2 


Reaper's Harvest Hymn, 

The Irish KEEGAN ... 5 

Reason for Accepting 
the Doctrine of Pur- 
gatory (anecdote) 7 

Rebel chaunt, A 6 

Rebellion of 1798 9 

' Recollections of Feni- 
ans and Fenianism ' . O'LEARY ... 7 




























General Index. 



Recollections of John 

O'Keeffe, The' O'KEEFFE .. 7 2771 

Recruiting Song, Tip- 
perary STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3318 

Red Bog, Bog Cotton on 

the O'BRIEN ... 7 2591 

Branch Cycle, The 2 xi ; 2 804 

7 2748, 2749 

Knights, The 5 1741; 7 2593 

House of the 4 1430 

Duck, The (folk 

cnno A (Gaelic by HYDE.. | 1A Q7T Q 
song), -j English by WELSH j- .10 3779 

Man's Wife, The 

(folk song) ....HYDE 1O 3749 

Pony, The LARMINIE. . . 5 1866 

WARD (portrait) 8 2926 

Reform and Emancipa- 
tion 8 3058 

' Speech on Parlia- 
mentary ' CANNING ... 2 465 

Reformation, The 9 ix 

Carlyle on the 3 951 

Registration of Voters 

Bill, The Irish 6 2176 

Rehan, Ada, as Lady 

Teazle (portrait) 8 3105 

REID, MAYNE 7 2932 

Reign of Terror, The 2 678 

Related Souls WILDE .... 9 3572 

1 Relation of Amboyna, 

The' 6 2573 

Relatives, Auctioning 

Off One's SHERIDAN.. . 8 3105 

Relics of Brigit 8 3260 

Religion in America 1 336 

Swift on 9 3377 

Religious Belief in Ire- 
land, Carlyle on 

Freedom of 3 952 

Legend. See The 

Story of the Lit- 
tle Bird. 

oppression, Father 

O'Leary on 7 2789 

sects in Ireland, 

proportions of 

the 9 3422 

Songs of CcwnacMHYDE 1O 3795 

3813, 3823, 3829, 3917 
' Rellques of Father 

Prout ' MAHONY ... 7 2337 

' Remarks on the Life 
and Writings of Dr. 

Jonathan Swift' BOYLE 1 260 

Remedies, Vulgar 2 759 

Reminiscences. See 

Character Sketches. 

Remnant? What is t7?eMAGEE .... 6 2292 
Remote, unfriended, 

melancholy, slow 4 1357 

Renaissance in art and 

letters, The 9 xi 

M. F. Egan on the 

Irish 5 vii 

The new Irish 2 xxi 

Rent-Day (fairy and 

folk tales) ANONYMOUS. 3 1160 

Rents, Lalor on 5 1857 

Repartees of Curran 6 ix 

Repeal, The agitation 

for 9 x 

Association, The 6 2416 

Dictionary. John 

O'Connell's . 2 812 


Repeal movement, The, 
effect of, on lit- 
erature 1 xii 

of the Union .... O'CONNELL. . 6 2644 

Repealers in Prison and 

Out DAUNT 3 811 

Remember, Denis, all I 

bade you say FORRESTER.. 3 1222 

Representative, The Du- 
ties of a BURKE 1 391 

Rest PAYNE 7 2878 

Retaliation, Extracts 

from GOLDSMITH. 4 1380 

Retentive Memory (an- 
ecdote of O'Connell) 7 2654 

' Revelations of Ireland 
in the Past Genera- 
tion ' MADDEN ... 6 2281 

Revenue, Irish, decrease 

in 93416 

Revolution of 1798. 

Lynch Law on 

Vinegar Hill , . . BANIM 1 76 

Rising of the 

Moon CASEY 2 572 

Lines on the Bury- 
ing Ground of 

Arbor Hill EMMET ... 3 1094 

Memory of the 

Dead INGRAM ... 5 1659 

Scenes in the In- 
surrection Of 1798.LEADBEATER. 5 1886 

Shamus O'Brien.. LE FANU... 5 1937 

How Ireland Lost 

her Parliament. MCCARTHY.. 6 2161 

The Irish Church. MCCARTHY.. 6 2148 

NoUe Lord, A MURPHY . . 7 2574 

Capture of Wolfe, 

Tone O'BRIEN ... 7 2604 

Story of Father 

Anthony O'TooZe.TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3444 
The American 6 2153 

The French 1 

Revolutionary Tribunal 2 



Revue Celtique 4 1459 

Rewriting of destroyed 

MSS. begun 2 ix 

GENT 8 2939 

Sir Joshua, and 

John O'Keeffe 7 2777 

Goldsmith on 4 1380, 1382 

Portrait of O. 

Goldsmith 4 1298 

of Sheridan 8 3020 

of Sterne by 8 3210 

See A Goodly 


Rhapsody on Rivers, A.MITCHEL . . 6 2454 

Rhetoric in Irish lit- 
erature 2 xiii 

Rhyme, Celts taught 

Europe to 2 ix 

Rhvmers' Club, The 5 1693 ; 9 3403 

Rhine, The 7 2586 

RHYS, GRACE 8 2940 

Rich and rare were the 

gems she wore.MooRE .... 7 2532 

(reference) 8 3270 

Richard II. in Ireland 

(color plate) 8 Front 

RIDDELL, MRS. J. H 8 2949 

Riddles by Dean Swift 9 3389 

Ridge, Counselor John 4 1380 

Ridgeway See TAYLOR. 


Irish Literature. 


Rifle, To My Buried . . . MCCARTHY. . 6 
Righ Shemus he has 

gone to France ....DUFFY 3 

Right of Free Speech 9 

' Rights of Man, The ' 8 3269, 

of Parliament, The 6 

Ringleted Youth of my 

Love (folksong) ...HYDE 1O 

Rinucini, Archbishop of 

Fermo 1 

' Rise and Fall of the 
Irish Franciscan 
Monasteries' ...MEEHAN ... 1 

up and come for 

the dawn 1O 

Rising of the Moon CASEY 2 

Rival Swains, The ....BULLOCK ... 1 

' Rivals, The ' GRIFFIN ... 4 


River of billows, to. ... 

whose mighty... DE VERB... 3 

Roe, The 8 

Roads in Ireland 5 

Robertson, Frederick 

William BROOKE ... 1 

4 Life and Letters 

of BROOKE ... 1 

Robespierre, Revolt 

against 2 

' Robinson Crusoe ; ' 
Princess Talley- 
rand's amusing 

blunder 1 

W., M. F. Egan 

on 5 

Roche, Lady 7 

Sir Boyle 1 


(portrait) 8 

Rocky Mountains, First 

Sight of the BUTLER ... 2 

Rogers, Michael 1O 

Rogueries of Tom 

Moore, The MAHONY . . 6 

Roe, Owen (see also A 
Glance at Ireland's 

History) 3 

Roisin DuWi. From the 

Irish FURLONG .. 4 

Roland. Song of 9 

the Brave, Irish 

version of the 

history of 7 

Roll forth, my song. . .MANGAX . . . O 
H A z E N (por- 
trait) 8 

and the Rhymers' 

Club 5 

on George Darley 2 

the poetry of 

G. F. Savage- 
Armstrong 8 

' Rolliad, The ' 3 

Roman invasion had lit- 
tle effect on Ireland 9 

Romance. See Fic- 
tion ; Myths and Le- 
gends : Fairy and 
Folk Tales. 

1 Romances, Old Cel- 
tic ' JOYCE. 5 1724, 

Romanesque, The Irish 

style 8 

Rome, The Firing of-.CROLY 2 































R6n Cerr 4 1622 

Rope, Ticisting of tfte.HYDE 1O 3989 

Rory of the Hill KICKHAM .. 5 1829 

(reference) 8 3270 

O'More LOVER 6 2084 

Dirge of DE VERB ... 3 859 

7 2853 

Rosbrine, The Psalter 


place where insur 

rections were 

planned 7 2852 

Roscommon 4 1607 

EARL OF 8 2981 

W. B. Yeats on 3 vli 

Duelling in 1 145 

Rose o' the World, she 

came CIIESSON .. . 2 592 

of Ardee, The 8 3270 

of the World, The. YEATS 9 3706 

Ross, Martin. See MARTIN Ross. 

Red-Haired 4 1444 

The Siege of 6 2115 

ROSSA, J. O'DoNOVAN 8 2983 

Rosstrevor 6 2454 

Roubillac in Dublin 5 1919 

Round of Visits, A . . . O'KENNEDY . 7 2782 

Table of Stories .. GILBERT ... 4 1265 

' Towers, The ' . . . PETRIE 8 2880 

described in de> 

tail 9 3491 

Petrie on 9 3489, 3490 

of Ireland, 

Forts, Crosses 


and COOKE. 9 3482 

'Rover, The' CANNING .. 2 466 

Rowan, A. H 2 778 ; 9 3513 

Curran's defense 

of 7 xxill 

Royal Fairy Tales, The 3 xx 

Irish Academy, 

Collection o f 

manuscripts in 7 2672 

Love, A LEAMY .... 5 1910 

' Ruadh.' See MACA.LEESE. 

Ruadhan of Lorrha 7 2763 

Ruckert, Gone in the 
Wind not a transla- 
tion from German 62359 

Ruff, The, worn in Ire- 
land 9 3498 

Ruined Chapel, The. . . ALLINGHAM. 1 22 

Race, A SIGERSON. . . 8 3145 

Rules of S. Robert 4 1419 

Rushes that grow by 

the black water . . .'.TRENCH .... 9 3433 

Russell, Baron 1 381 


E.") (portrait) 8 2986 

Love Songs of 8 3659 

"A. E." on the 

poems of W. 

Larminie 5 1866 

S t a n d i s h 

O'Grady 7 2787 

W. B. Yeats' 

poetry 9 3651 

Plays of 10 xiii 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xiii 

Lord, and the 

movement to dis- 
establish the 

Irish Church 6 2159 

MATTHEW 8 3005 


HOWARD , 8 3008 

General Index. 



Russian Air 7 2537 

Rutland, The Duke of 1 133 

Ryan, Crowe 1 145 

Sack of the Summer* 

Palace WOLSELEY.. 

Sabbata Pango (inscrip- 
tion on an old bell) 

Sacramento, The 

I Sacred subjects, Treat- 
ment of, by Irish 


Sacrifice RUSSELL .. 


I Saga, Literary Quali- 
ties of tJie HULL 

literature, its ex- 

its style 

MS. of a Lost 

Sagas, Minute descrip- 
tion in 

I Norse and Gaelic 

tales in 

I The Irish de- 

I Sail bravely on, thou 

gallant bark SULLIVAN. . . 

St. Aengus, the Culdee, 

Litany of 

St. Augustine, Mother 


St. Basil, Mother of 

St. Brendan. Church of 

St. Buithe, The Speck- 
led Book of the Mon- 
astery of . 

St. Chrysostom, Mother 


St. Ciaran (see also St. 


St. Columba and Chris- 

. tianity 

I St. Columba and St. 
Patrick, Cross of, at 


I St. Cornin, Fada (mean- 
ing of) 

| St. Cuthbert, Bishop of 


; St. Fechin, Church of 

! St. Finbar, Shrine of 

St. Francis and the 

Wolf TYNAN- 


! St. Gall, Monastery of 

i St. Gregory, Mother of 

J St. Helena 

j St. Isadora, College of, 
Irish manuscript in 

the . 

St. James of Compos- 


; St. John, Bayle, on ' The 

Arabian Nights ' 

: St. John's Well 

St. Kieran (see also 


St. Kevin, King O'Toole 

and LOVER 

! ' St. Lawrence, From 

the Land of ' ... EGAN 

The (river) 

' St. Mary of Egypt ' 


6 2343 
6 2132 

6 xv 

8 2998 
8 3017 

4 1597 

2 xii 
2 xiii 

4 1608 

2 xv 

8 2973 
2 xi 

9 3331 
8 2884 

5 1925 
5 1925 

8 2881 

7 2664 
5 1925 
4 1600 

9 viii 

9 3485 
9 3546 

8 2882 
8 2881 
4 1255 

9 3451 

4 viii 

5 1925 
5 1925 

7 2673 
1 32 

1 406 
5 1766 

8 2979 
5 2046 

a loso 

7 2540 

9 3684 

St. Ma the w (color VOL. PAGE 

plate) 9 Front 

St Molaga, The Black 

Book of 7 2664 

St. Molaise's Church . 8 2881 

St. Moling, The Evan- 

gelistarium of 72671 

St. Ninian, Life of 

(quoted) . 82884 

St. Patrick. See also 
Irish A s tr o n - 

omy 4 1541 

and Brigit 8 3249 

and Ossian 7 2753 

Apostle of Ireland.ToDD 9 3400 

Cross of St. Colum- 
ba and, at Kells 9 3485 

in the ' Colloquy of 

the Ancients ' 8 2968 

introduced Chris- 

_ tianity 9 viii 

Ireland converted 

from idolatry by 7 2718 

Legend of 4 1457 

Pagan festivals 

adopted by 4 1600 

The Order of 3 797 ; 5 1956 

St. Patrick's Breast- 
plate, The Hymn 

Called STOKES 8 3244 

Day, 1866, Address 

delivered in the 
People's Theater, 
Virginia City, 

on MEAGHER . . 6 2420 

Hymn before Tara, 

trans, by MANGAN ... 6 2360 

Success TODD 9 3400 

Ward, In BLUNDELL.. . .1 215 

8t. Peter (folk story). HYDE 1O 3813 

St. Pulcheria 5 1925 

St. Ricemarch, Saltair 

of 7 2671 

' St. Ronan's Well," John 
O'Keeffe mentioned 

by character in 7 2691 

St. Ruth (see also Mac- 

kenna's Dream) 8 3297 

St. Stephen's Green, 

Dublin 5 1914 

Sainte-Beuve method 
inaugurated by Goe- 
the 6 2296 

Saints and Scholars, 
Ireland the 

Island of 1 xvil 

The Isle of 9 viii 

' Saints, Lives of the 

Mothers of the Irish.' 1 32 

Saladin, The History of 

my Horse BROWNE ... 1 323 

Salamanca, Irish sol- 
diers at 8 3063 

' Salathiel the Immor- 
tal ' CROLT 2 739 

iSalley Gardens, Down 

~by the YEATS 9 3705 

'Sally Cavanaugh '. . ..KICKHAM .. 5 1824 
Salmon Fishing in Ire- 
land 4 1519 

Saltair of Cashel, The 
(Bodleian Lib- 
rary) 7 2673 

of St. Ricemarch 7 2671 

of Tara, The 4 1611 

Salutation to the Celts. M'Gum 6 2226 

Samhain 4 1611 


Irish Literature. 


Samhain, Article en 

Irish Drama in 5 xxvi 

Time 4 1453 

Sanders and the insur- 
rection of Tyrone and 
Desmond 7 2852 

Sanson and Pouquier 2 677 

gantry, Lord, Trial of 6 1917; 7 2723 

tiarsfield, Patrick, Earl 

of Lucan ONAHAN ... 7 2814 

Patrick (Lord Lu- 
can) 3 957 ; 9 ix 

at Sedgmoor 8 2816 

Death of 7 2824 

on the battle of 

the Boyne (cited) 7 2819 

Statue, The (half- 
tone engraving) 4 1592 

Testimonial, The. HOGAN .... 4 1592 

See Blacksmith of 

Limerick, The 5 1742 

See Mackenna's 

Dream 8 3297 

See Song of De- 
feat, A 4 1530 

Bars-field's Ride SULLIVAN . . 9 3323 

Satire. See also Humor. 

A Prospect LTSAGHT ... 6 2107 

Cease to do Evil 

Learn to do 

Well MACCARTHY. 6 2128 

On Wind MABTYN ... 6 2383 

Sheelagh on her 

Proposals of 

Marriage PLDNKET . . 8 2906 

Rackr enters on the 

Stump SULLIVAN . . 9 3333 

On the death of 

D. Sivift SWIJT ... 9 3880 

on English insti- 
tutions 9 3355 

Satirists, Early Irish 6 vii 

Political 6 ix 

Savage, A O'REILLY . . 7 2835 

JOHN 9 3024 



P., on William 

Wilkins 9 3600 

Marmion, The art 

of 6 xv 

Saved 6v a Straw 7 2653 

Saurin the Huguenot 1 128 

Saxon churches in Ire- 
land 8 2880 

Shilling, The BUGGY 1 358 

Scalp, The SAVAGB- 


' Hunters. The ' . . REID 8 2932 

Scandal Class Meets, 


The School for '..SHERIDAN.. 

8 3099 
8 3099 

Scandinavia, Ireland's 1 

association with 4 1599 

Scandanavian Vikings 

in Ireland 8 

Scathach .4 


Scene from ' Catiline'. .CROLY . 
Scene in the Famine, A.KEARY . 
in the Irish Fam- 

in the South of 

Ireland, A BUTT 2 

Scenery, Irish 9 

Scenes in the Insurrec- 
tion of 1798 LEADBEATER. 5 1886 

4 1573 



Sceoluing ....................... 2 

Scheld, The ..................... 4 

Schiehallion .......... TRENCH ... 9 

Schiller and Goethe at 

Weimer ................ . 6 

' School for Scandal, 

The' .............. SHERIDAN... 9 

- life in England ............. 2 

- in Ireland 

English Acad- 

emy, The ..... BAN i M .... 1 
Schools, Irish in the ............... 1O 

Science. See Astronomy. 
Scientific Limit of 

The Claims of Sci 

ence TYNDALL . . 9 

The Origin of Life.KEL\ix ... 5 

Scientific use of the im- 
agination, The 1 

Scotland, Marriage law 

in 2 

Scott, Burke on 1 

and Maria Edge- 
worth 3 994 ; 5 

C. Johnstone 5 

Sir Walter, on 

Faulkner 4 

on Hamilton's 

Memoirs of 

Orammont 4 

on nursery tales 3 




37! j 

9 8471 


1784 ; 


Scriblerus Club, the 7 

Scully 2 


Celt in 9 

Expression of male 

beauty by 5 

Scythians, The 9 

Sea, Burial at ALEXANDER. 1 


3487 J 




Seadhna ' O'LEARY . . . 1O 

Seadhna's Three Wishes. O'LEARY ...1O 
Seanchan the Bard and 

the King of the Cats. WILDE .... 9 3566-| 
Seanchus Mor, The (an- 
cient laws of Ire- 
land) 7 

Sear Dubh (the hound) 2 

Sedgmoor, Sarsfield at 7 

Seed-Time COLEMAN .. . 2 

Seek not the tree of 

silkiest bark DE VERB... 3 862; 

Seest thou how just the 

hand CONCRETE . . 2 615 I 

Self-government, Irish 

capacity for 1 349 

help 1 179 \ 

Denying O r di- 

nance, A HAMILTON. . 4 1 549 1 

Selfish Giant, The WILDE 9 3584 i 

Senach, Bishop 7 2763 ! 

September, In TODHUNTER. 9 3406 

Set in the stormy 

Northern sea WILDE .... 9 3588 

Seven Baronets, The. BARRIXGTON. 1 129 
Seventy Years of Irish 

Life ' LE FANU. . . 5 1927 

Sexton and the Land 

League , 

Sgueluidhe Gaodhalach. 

From the Irish of the. HYDE. 4 1625. 1631 

See selections from.HYDE 1O 371 J 

3737, 3751. 37( 

Shadwell's Plays 5 19' 

Shakespeare WISEMAN... 9 36J 

General Index. 


' Shakespeare, A Critical 

Study ' DOWDBN ... 3 

and Burns Kick- 
ham's favorite 
authors 7 

the musical 

glasses 7 

Celtic influence on 9 

Goldsmith's opin- 
ion of 7 

Irish influence . on 

work of 4 

Shakespeare's favorite 

characters 3 


of Women DOWDEN ... 3 

Youth, England ift.DowDEN ... 3 

Shall and Will, Confu- 
sion of 7 

mine eyes behold 

thy glory PARNELL . . 7 

they bury me in 

the deep DAVIS 3 

we, the storm- 
tossed ROCHE 8 

Sham funeral, A <> 

' Shamrock ' SeeWiLLiAMS 

The BGAN . . . 

of Ireland, The 

Green Little . . . CHERRY ... 2 

Shamrocks GILBERT ... 3 

A Bunch of .... CASEY 2 

SJiamus O'Brien LE FANU. . . 5 

Shan Van Vocht, The.. STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 

The' MILLIGAN .. 6 

(reference) 8 2371 ; 1O 

' The. a Story of 

1798' MURPHY ... 7 

Bhandon, The Bells of. .MAHONY ... 6 

Shandon's Bells 5 

Shandy, Mr. and Mrs 8 

Shane Fadh's Wedding . CARLETON .. 2 


. 3 870 






7 2870 
3 827 

8 2966 
3 1044 

3 1085 






the Proud O'SHEA . . . 1O 

Shane's Head SAVAGE 8 

Shanganagh, The Valley 

of MARTLEY . . 6 2382 

Shanty, Charles Daw* 

son 8 3032 

Shannon, The DE VERB... 3 852 

Cradle of the 6 2275 

in Van Dieman's 

land 6 2454 

Palace of Kin- 

Kora on the 3 2377 

Shann-na-Sagart, the 

priest-hunter 1O 3795 


William 6 2177 

She is a rich and rare 

land DAVIS 3 831 

' for from the 

Land ' MOORE .... 7 

' my love ' GRAVES ... 4 

4 Stoops to Con- 
quer ' GOLDSMITH. 4 

walks as she were 

moving ROLLESTON . 9 

Sheares, J. and H., and 

'98 9 

The brothers 8 


M. F. Egan on 5 

Sheelagh on her Pro- 
posals of Marriage. . . PLUNKET ... 8 
Sheeliu, Lough 6 








Sheep and Lambs TYNAN- 

HlNKSON. 9 3454 


and Lyndhurst on 

Irish 'Aliens ' 7 xxvii 

Lord Beaconsfield 

on 7 xxvii 

Bulwer on 7 xxvi 

Gladstone on 7 xxvii 

Oratory of, de- 
scribed 7 xxvi 

Sheoques, described 3 xviii 

Shepherds, I have lost 

my love OGLE 7 2735 

trait) 8 3068 

A master of ora- 
tory 7xxviil 

as a wit 6 viii 

as Orator FITZGERALD. 3 1190 

Bons mots of 8 3119 

family, Heredity 

in the 8 3068 

.D. J. O'Donoghue 

on the wit of 6 xiil 

Meagher on 6 2421 

Irish literature be- 
gins before 2 vii 

Parliamentary elo- 
quence of 1 129 

(reference) 5 1920 

Speech on Hast- 
ings 1 129 

Thomas O'KEEFFE . . 7 2774 

4 Sheridans, Lives of 

the ' FITZGERALD. 3 1190 

' Shiela-ni-Gara ' MACMANUS. . 6 2271 

Shillelah, The 2 496 

The Sprig of CODE 2 607 

Shipping, Irish 9 3362 

Shoes, Gentlemen's 9 3298 

Short Story, M. F. Egan 

on the 5 11 

View of Ireland, 

liVt, A SWIFT 9 3362 



W. B. Yeats on 3 xiii 

Show me a right GRAVES .... 4 1410 

Shrovetide the marry- 
ing season 6 2194 

Shule Aroon STREET BAL- 

Siberia MANGAN . . . 

Siddons, Mrs., Sheridan 


Sidhe. A Call of the. . .RUSSELL .. . 

The Hosting of t/ieYEATS 

Siege of Derry, The. . . .ALEXANDER. 



9 3315 
C 2368 

8 321 

8 2996 

9 3707 

1 3 

2 xii 

8 3132 ; 1O 3937 
The Blackbird of 
Derrycarn ......... ..... 2 xvi 

on J. J. Calla- 

nan .................. 2 439 

Gerald Griffin ............ 4 1466 

Ireland's Influ- 
ence on Euro- 
pean Litera- 
ture ................... 4 vii 

W. B. Yeats on ............ 3 

MRS. HESTEB ............... 8 3145 


Irish Literature. 


Sign of the Cross For 

Ever, The (folk song) HYDE 1O 3829 

Silent as thou, whose 

inner life IBWIN 5 1673 

O Moyle, be the 

roar . . MOORE 7 2534 

Silk of the Cows 2 

' Silva Gadhalica, The '.O'GRADY . . 7 2762 

(reference) 8 2968 

' Silver Cross, The '. . . .KEIGHTLEY. 5 1774 

Question, E. L. 

Godkin on the 4 1293 

Silvester 5 1725 

' Since we should par*/.GRAVES 
4 Single Speech ' Hamil- 

Sir Fretful Plagiary's 

Play SHERIDAN . . 

Roger and the 

Widow STEELE . . . 

Sirius See E. MARTYN. 

Skeleton at the Feast. .ROCHE 

Skerret, Bishop, of Kil- 


Sketch of Mr. GladstoneO'CoNNOR . . 
4 Sketches in Ireland '. .OTWAY 

4 1413 

7 ix 

8 3114 
8 3198 
8 2965 

6 2 

7 2656 

7 2848 

8 3064 

' of the Irish Bar'.SHEiL 


O'NEAL) 8 3152 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xni 

M. F. Egan on 5 viii 

Skull, The bay of 7 2852 

To a IRWIN 5 1673 

Slane, The Star of.... STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3317 

Yellow Book of 8 2664 

Slaughters 2 xii 

Slewmargy <* 2.'?76 

Sliabh, Breagh 2 638 

Sliabh Cuilinn.' See 

also J. O'HAGAN 7 2767 

Dallain (mountain) 7 2668 

Sliav, Ruadh 4 1242 

Sliav-na-man 5 1829 

Slieve Bladhma 4 1447 

Cullan (half-tone 

engraving) 7 2767 

Donnard 6 2275 

Echtge 4 1456 

Bloom 7 2675 

Slievecarn 7 2766 

Slievenamon 7 2752 

An Adventure in. .BANIM .... 1 46 

-: Kickham at 7 2800 

Slieve-nan-Or 4 1455 

Slieve Piol (Red Moun- 
tain) 2 636 

Sligo 6 2357 

Dwelling in 1 145 

in Election Time. 

See An Irish Mis- 


Slop (' Dr. Slop ') 8 3210 

Slow cause of my fear 1O 4020 

Smerwick Harbor, Ruins 

_ at 8 2883 

Smith, G. Barnett, on 

William Carleton 2 472 


(L. T. MEADE) 8 3158 

- Sidney G 2151 

'Snake's Pass, The '.. .STOKER ., . 8 3228 
Snakes in Ireland, No. .O'KEEFFE .. 7 2771 

Sneer (character in 
Sheridan's ' The 

Critic ') 8 3114 

Sneerwell L,ady (charac- 
ter in ' The School for 

Scandal ') 8 3099 

So, my Kathleen, you re 

going DUFFERIN . 3 934 

Sobriquets or nicknames 9 3547 

Sociability of Irish Celt 2 vii 

Sociable Fairies, The 3 xviii 

Social conditions in Ire- 
land 2 426 ; 4 1417 ; 9 33(37 

Heredity INGRAM ... 5 10(50 

life, described in 

ATURE ' 2 xix 

in America 1 343 

Ancient Ireland 5 1735 

Dublin 5 1918 

Ireland 1 32. 193, 246 

3 995, 1165 ; 4 1557 ; 5 1735 

See also Keening 

and Wake 9 3640 

Society of United Irish- 

o r i gi n a 1 1 y a 

peaceful, con- 
stitutional as- 
sociation .... 

' The Church and 

6 2162 

6 2164 

Modern ' IRELAND ... 5 1662 

Sogoarth Aroon BANIM .... 1 56 

Soldiers, Irish, in the 

British Army 8 3062 

Solitary Fairies 3 xix 

Solomon ! where is thy 

throne? MANGAN ... 6 2359 

Some anecdotes of Fa- 
ther O'Leary 7 2793 

of O'Connell 7 2651 

College Recollec- 
tions WALSH ... 93533 

Experiences of an 

Irish "Resident 

Magistrate ' SOMERVILLE 

and Ross. 8 3166 

laws there are too 

sacred DE VERE . . 3 852 

' murmur' TRENCH ... 9 3438 

Wise and Wilt}/ 

Sayings of Burke 1 396 



Had I a heart. . . .SHERIDAN .. 8 3118 

Has summer come 

without the RoseO'SHAUGH- 

NESSY ... 7 2844 

How happy is the 

sailor's life .... BICKERSTAFF 1 180 

I'm very happy 

where I am . . . .BODCICAULT. 1 257 

1 made another 

garden O'SHADGH- 

NESSY ... 7 

My time how happ^? 

From ' Thomas 

and Sally ' BICKERSTAFF 1 

O'er the wild gan- 



net's bath DARLEY ... 2 809 

One morning by 

the streamlet. . .O'BRIEN ... 7 2592 

Peek Not the Tree.T>v VERB . . 3 862 

The Silent Bird.. GILBERT ... 4 1279 

General Index. 



There was a jolly 

miller BICKERSTAFF 1 185 

When I was youngDE VERB . . 3 859 

Whene'er with hag- 
gard eyes I view. 
From 'The 

Rover ' CANNING . . 2 466 

Ireland the land of 8 3266 

. of an Exile ORR 7 2840 

Defeat, A GWYNN 4 1529 

Fionnuala, The. MOORE .... 7 2534 

Glen Dun, The. .SKRINB 8 3156 

Olenann, A . . . . SKRINE .... 8 3157 

Maelduin ROLLESTON . 8 2980 

the Irish Emi- 
grant in Amer- 
ica, The FITZSIMON. . 3 1206 

Tony Lumpkins'. .GOLDSMITH. 4 1349 

Songs of C o n- 

nachts' HYDE 1O 3833 

Love poem in 9 3658 

of Ireland 6 2231 

Spurious Irish 6 xii 

Street, and Bal- 
lads, and Anony* 

mous Verse HAND 8 3265 

Sonnet Written in Col- 
lege WOLFE 9 3635 

1 Soon and Forever ' MONSELL . . 7 2466 

Sorrow DE VERB . . 3 860 

Sorrowful Lament for 
Ireland, A. From 

the Irish GREGORY .. 4 1459 

Lamentation of 

Callaghan, The . . STREET BAL- 
LAD 9 3316 

Soul, Butterfly symbol 

of the 9 3565 

Cages, The CROKER ... 2 695 

'Sound the loud tim- 
brel ' MOORE 7 2537 

Sources of Grattan's 

allusions 7 xxi 

Irish humor 6 ix 

wealth 1 178 

South African Bill, The 6 2178 

Sweet Singer of 

the See WALSH. 

' Southern, The.' SeeDowLiNG. 

' -Gall, The.' See LOCKE. 

Sower and his Seed, TfteLECKY 5 1926 

Sowlth, The, described 3 xx 

Spaeman, The 3 xxi 

Spanish bull, A 3 1058 

type in Ireland 4 1589 

Spanker, Adolphus 
(character in 
' London Assur- 
ance') 1 256 

Lady Gay (charac- 
ter in ' London 

Assurance') 1 252 

Spartan mothers 6 233; 

Species, Evolution of . . , 5 1786 

Spectroscope, The 1 42 

Spectrum analysis 1 41 

Special articles de- 
scribed 2 21 

Speckled Book of St. 

Buithe's Monastery 7 2664 

' Spectator, The ' STEELE 8 3198 


Speech at Neivry Elec- 
tion . , . .CDRRAN 

from the Dock, . . .MEAGHER 

2 788 
6 2424 


Speech in Opposition to 

Pitt's First Income 

Tax SHERIDAN . . 8 3072 

Speed on, speed on, good 

master ! SHANLY ... 8 3032 

Spell-Struck, The ROLLESTON . 8 2978 

Spencer, H., on Fairy 

Lore 3 xxiii 

Spenser, Edmund, an 

enemy of Ireland 6 2150 

in the palace of 

Desmond 6 2276 

on Irish scenery 1 

Ireland .4 

Spenser's ' View of the 

State of Ireland ' ........... 9 3397 

- (cited) ........... : ........ 4 1248 

Speranza ......... See WILDE. 

Spes ............. fceeCAMpiON. 

Spinner's Song ....... SIGERSON .. 8 3143 

Spinning Song, A ..... O'DONNELL . 7 2685 

' Splendide Mendax '. . .GWYNN .... 4 1512 

Splendors of Tara, TVte.HYDE ..... 4 1610 

' Spirit of the Nation, 

The' ............. . ........... 3 x 

' Sports of the West, 

Wild ' ............. MAXWELL . . 6 2411 

Spottiswood, Sir Henry .......... 6 2276 

Sprig of Shillelah, TTie.CoDE ...... 2 607 

of Shillelagh, 
he' (quoted) ................ 62193 

Spring Time ......... GREENE ... 4 1425 

Squirrels, Superstitions 

about ........................ 9 3680 

Stafford, Thomas ................ 7 2744 


(biography) .................. 1O 4023 

Stanley, Lord ................... 6 2157 

- O'Connell on ............... 7 2642 

Stanley's amendment, 

Lord ......................... 3 2160 

' Star of Slane. The ' ............. 8 3270 

Star of Slane, The .... STREET BAL- 

LAD ..... 9 3317 

' Star Spangled Banner, 

The' .... ...... .... ........... 9 3331 

' Starry Heavens, The '.BALL ...... 1 36,41 

Stars, The Distances of 

the ............ BALL ..... 1 36 

- What They are 

Made of ....... BALL ..... 1 41 

State Church in Ireland, 

The ...................... 6 2160 

- of Ireland in 1720, 

Essay on the. .TONE ..... 9 3415 

- 1798, The ...... TONE ..... 9 3421 

- prosecutions, Evils 

of ...... . ................ 9 3552 

Statute of Kilkenny .............. 9 3391 

Steam, Bishop .................. 5 1915 


(portrait) ................ 8 3196 

- D. J. O'Donoghue 

on humor of .............. 6 xiii 

- Thomas, in prison ............ 6 2128 

- and Repeal ............... 9 x 

' Stella, The Journal to.' SWIFT ---- 9 3378 

- To ............. SWIFT ---- 9 3387 

Stephen, Leslie, on 

Junius ' . .................... 3 1226 

Stephens' article on 

4 Felon-setting ' ................ 7 2799 

Stern granite gate of 

Wicklow ........... SAVAGE- ARM- 

STRONG .. 8 3030 
Sterne, Lawrence (por- 

trait) ........................ 8 3210 


Irish Literature. 

Stiffenbach, The Legend 



Sterne, Dowden on .............. 3 873 

- D. J. O'Donoghue 

on the humor of ............ 6 xiii 

8 3227 

9 3610 
7 2733 

4 1572 

8 3228 

9 3490 
9 3520 
6 2360 

8 3141 

Stillorgan, Harry Deane 

Grady's place near 

Stirling-Maxwell, Sir 
William, on M. J, 




on Round Towers 

DR. WHITLEY 8 3243 

Note on 

on The Calendar 

of Aengus 

Work of, for Celtic 


Stolen Sheep, The BANIM 

Stone, F., portrait of 

Lady Duff erin 

Story, God bless you ! I 
have none to tell, 

sir : CANNING . . 

of Childe Charity. BROWNE ... 

' Early Gaelic 


The ' HYDE 

Father Anthony 

O'Toole, The. . TYNAN- 


Genevieve, The. JAMESON .. 

Grana Watte . . . OTWAY .... 

' Ireland, The ' . . SULLIVAN . . 

Le Fevre, The . . STERNE . . . 

MacDdthd's Pig 

and Hound . . . HYDE 

the Little Bird. . CROKER . . . 

Torick, The ... STERNE .... 


3 932 

2 468 
1 314 

4 1622 

tellers, Profes- 

telling, Irish, de- 

Irish gift of 
in Ireland a pro- 

Stowe collection of Irish 

Strange Indeed ....... DEENY . 


Street Arabs, Three 

Dublin ........ HARTLEY 

- ballad on Sir Kit 


- Ballads (see also 

Street Songs) 

- change of taste 


- See Wearing of 

the Green, The 

- Scene in Dublin 

(half-tone en- 

graving) ................. 

- Songs and Ballads, 

and A n o n y - 

mous Verse ..... 8 3271 ; 

- Article on ..... HAND ..... 

- See Phaudrig 

Crohoore and 
8 h a m u 8 
Strength in Elasticity, 

Irish ....... . 

9 3444 
5 1679 

7 2850 
9 3323 

8 3220 

4 1613 
2 734 
8 3213 

5 1738 

2 xiv 

2 xiv 

3 xvii 

7 2673 
3 972 

3 847 

6 2279 

4 1568 
3 1012 

8 3265 
8 3270 
2 767 

6 2107 

9 3299 
8 3265 

3 856 

' Stripes and Stars, The ' 
' Strogue, My Lords of '.WINGFIELD. 
Strongbow's Monument 
(half-tone engraving) 
' Study of Words, The '.TRENCH . 








Style, Celtic, M. Arnold 

on 2 

TURE ' logical 2 

Saga literature 2 

Subjection, A Century 

of TAYLOR ... 9 

Sublician Bridge, The 3 

' Suetonius, The Mod- 
ern ' SeeFlTZPATRICK. 

Suffolk Fencibles. The 5 1886 

Sugach, Lament of the 
Mangaire, for the 

Irish WALSH .... 9 3508 

Sugar Loaf Mountain 
(half-tone en- 
graving) 3 2767 

On Great. GREENE ... 4 1424 

Suilidh (Lough Swilly) 2 633 

Suir, The 6 2354, 2379 

Sullen, Mrs. (character 
in The Beaux' 

Stratagem ') 3 1165 


MARTIN 9 3323 

on E. M. P. Down- 
ing's verse 3 916 

Eva Mary Kelly 7 2675 

Smith O'Brien 7 2619 

The Dublin com- 
memoration of 
the Manchester 

martyrs 7 2609 


and the Land 

League 9 xi 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xii 

Summer. Ireland in 
(half-tone en- 
graving) 5 1703 

Sweet TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3457 

Sun God, The DE VERB . . 3 858 

Sunburst, The Irish 9 3608 

Sunniness of Irish Life, 

The MACDONAGH 8 vii 

Sunset and silence ; a 

man COLUM .... 2 612 

Superstition about the 

angel's footprint 7 2852 

Byron on 6 2290 

Irish 4 1287 

about animals 9 3678 

Superstitions. See 
also Folk Lore 
and Fain/ Tales. 

Banshee, The . . . . ALLINGHAM. 1 17 

Fairy Greyhound . ANONYMOUS. 3 1154 

Loughleagh ANONYMOUS. 3 1142 

A Queen's County 

Witch ANONYMOUS. 3 1150 

Rent-Day ANONYMOUS. 3 1160 

Will-o'-the-Wisp ..ANONYMOUS. 3 1136 


The Cow CTiarmer.BoYLK 1 

The Curse CARLETON . . 2 

Fate of Frank 

M'Kenna CARLETON .. 2 553 

Biddy Brady's Ban- 
shee CASEY .... 2 565 

Brewery of Egg- 
Shells CHOKER ... 2 731 

General Index. 


Superstitions. VOL. PAGE 

Confessions of Tom 

Bourke CHOKER ... 2 681 

Fairies or No Fair- 
ies CROKEK ... 2 720 

Flory Cantillon's 

Funeral CROKER ... 2 724 

The Haunted Cel- 
lar CROKER ... 2 707 

The Soul Cages . . CROKER ... 2 695 

Telgue of the Lee. CROKER ... 2 714 

A Blast CROTTY ... 2 758 

Little Woman in 

Red DEENY . ..3 846 

A Midnight Fu- 
neral DEENY .... 3 

The Changeling ..LAWLESS .. 5 

The Black Lamb . . WILDE .... 9 

The Demon Cat. . .WILDE .... 9 

The Horned Wo- 
men WILDE 9 

The Priest's Soul. WILDE 9 

Celtic Element in 

Literature, The. YEATS . . 9 

The Devil YEATS 9 

Village Sports . . .YEATS 9 

Superstitions of the 

Irish peasant 6 

Lady Wilde on 3 

Supreme Summer O'SiiAUGH- 






NESSY ... 7 

Sure, he's five months. . SKRINE ... 8 

- this is blessed ErinSKRiNE ... 8 
Surely a Voice hath 

called her .......... GREENE ... 4 1424 

Surface, Charles (char- 
acter in ' The 
School for Scan- 
dal') .................... 8 

- Joseph (character 

in ' The School 

for Scandal ') .............. 8 

- Sir Oliver (charac- 

ter in ' The 
School for Scan- 
dal') .................... 8 

Surnames of the An- 

cient Irish ......... WARE .... 9 

Swarm of Bees in June 
is Worth a Silver 
Spoon, A .......... HAMILTON . 4 

Swedenborg, The Irish, 

"A. E." so called .............. 8 

Sweet Auburn ! loveliest 

village ........ GOLDSMITH. 4 

- Chloe ........... LYSAGHT . . 6 

- is a voice in the 

land of gold .... SIGERSON . . 8 

- Land of Song ! thy 

harp doth hang. LOVER .... 6 

- 'Melodious Bard.' See MOORE. 

- 'Singer of the 

South ' ..... See WALSH. 
SWIFT, JONATHAN ............... 9 

- (portrait) ............... 9 

- and Faulkner ............... 4 

- as a Pamphlcter. . . BOYLE .... 1 

- Dean, on Irish ............... 6 

- influence of, on 

Irish Parliament ............ 7 

- Irish literature be- 

gins before ................ " 

- on curates ................. ' 

- dress .................... 9 

- the Death of Dr. SWIFT ---- 9 

- the State of Ire- 

land cited .............. 9 















Swift, J., Popularity of 1 262 

W. B. Yeats on 3 vii 

Swilly, Lough. 2 633 ; 4 1518 ; G 2126, 2427 

a leading Ulster 

lake O 2277 

Switzerland, described 

in Goldsmith's 'The 

Traveller ' 4 1361 

Sword, The BARRY 1 149 

of Tethra, The. . .LARMINIE .. 5 1876 

' Sylvia ' DARLEY ... 2 809 

Symbolism RUSSELL . . 8 3000 

Synge, Mr. The plays of. 1O xxv 

Synonyms, Copiousness 

of, in Irish literature 2 xiii 

Syria 8 2517 


Taaffe, Father Peter, 

Slain at Drogheda 7 2572 

Taclmac, Tre"n 7 2753 

' Tain Bo Cuailgne, The' 2 629 ; 4 1600 

Take a blessing from 

my heart MANGAN ... C 2378 

my heart's hlessing 1O 3937 

Talbot, Richard, later 

Duke of Tyrconnell 7 2573 

' Tale of a Town, The,' 

Story of the play of 1O xviii 

' Tales of Trinity Col- 
lege ' % LEVER. f 1980. 1990 

Talk by the BlackwaterDovmi^G . . 3 916 

Tallaght 7 2673 

Talleyrand 9 3420 

as a Critic, The 

Princess BLESSING- 

TON 1 212 

Tamney G 2244 

Tandy, James Napper 1 143 ; 9 3513 

Tanistry, The case of 9 3394 

The laws of 7 2857 

Tara, Antiquity of G 2228 

Conn made King 

at 5 1732 

Desertion of 4 1613 

Five great high- 
ways from 5 1739 

Halls of 7 2535 

Hill of 6 2354 

Knights of 1 146 

Seven Kings of 8 2979 

The Cursing of. . .O'GRADY . . 7 2762 

The far shining 7 2747 

The Fes of 5 1738 

The Splendors of. HYDE 4 1610 

The tongue of 7 2617 

The westward road 

from 7 2752 

Tarah, St. Patrick's 

Hymn before G 2360 

"Tarry thou till I 
come." See 
' Salathiel the 

yet, late lingererRusSELL . . 8 2996 

Tasmania 2454 

Taxation in Galway 8 2914 

Methods of - 8 3092 

Speech on Ameri- 
can BURKE 1 373 

TAYLOR. JOHN F 9 3390 

Te Nartyrum Candi- 

dfffftM JOHNSON ... 5 1701 

Tpach Mfodchuarta 4 1611 

3415 I Tcamair, Eochaidh at 7 2667 


Irish Literature. 


Teamhair at Samhain 

time 4 1451 

Teamor's Ancient Fame 1 281 

Tears, The Fountain O/.O'SHAUGH- 

NBSSY ... 7 2845 
Teazle, Lady (character 
in ' The School 

for Scandal ') 8 3100 

Miss Farren as 8 3122 

Sir Peter (charac- 
ter in 'The 
School for Scan- 
dal') 8 3102 

Technical Instruction, 

Department of 8 2908 

Teetotalism 6 2398 

' Teigue of the Lee ' . . . CHOKER ... 2 720 
Tell me, my friends, 

why are we met here ?STREET BAL- 
LADS .... 3 3311 
Teltown (Tailltenn) on 

the Blackwater 5 1738 

Temora, The maids of 4 1591 

Apostle of Temper- 
ance in Dublin, 

The MATHEW . . 6 2397 

' Irish Cry, The '. . WILSON ... 9 3617 

" Temperance, The 

Apostle of " SeeMATHEW. 

Templeoge, near Dublin 7 2728 

Tennyson, Lord, on Mrs. 

Alexander's verse 1 1 

on ' Joyce's Celtic 

Legends ' 5 1713 

The Charge of the 

Light Brigade 8 3014 

Tenure, Isaac Butt on 

fixity of 2 425 

Lalor on fixity of 5 1860 

of land, The 7 2862 

Parnell and fixity 

of 6 2179 

Terence's Farewell .... DUFFERIN . 3 934 
Tethra, The Sword of..LARMiNiE . 5 1876 
Th' anam an Dhia But 

there it is .LOCKE 5 2003 

Thackeray, Irish char- 
acters of, M. F. 

Egan on 5 viii 

on Goldsmith 4 1301 

and G. P. 8 xvl 

J. Higgins 4 1572, 1573 

in Ireland 8 xx 

on Irish Chap- 
books 3 xxl 

Dean Swift 9 3343 

Thankfulness of Der- 

mot, The O'LEART . . . 1O 3953 

Thanks, my lord, for 

your venison GOLDSMITH. 4 1371 

" That Popular Poet of 

Green Erin." SeeMooRE. 
That rake up near the 

rafters KICKHAM . . 5 1829 

The actor's dead, and 

memory alone . . BUNNBR on 

BROUGHAM. 1 301 

best of all ways. .MOORE 6 2338 

blue lake of Deven- 

ish MACMANUS . . 6 2269 

braes they are 

aflame MACMANUS.. 6 2263 

brown wind of Con- 
naught MACMANUS . . 6 2272 

desire of my hero 

who feared no foe 2 xv 



dying tree no pang 
sustains DE VERB... 3 863 

- end of a ship is 

drowning' (Irish 

rann) HYDE 1O 3837 

fountains drink 
caves subterren.FLECKNOE . 3 1209 

girl I love is 
comely CALLANAN . 2 440 

gloom of the sea- 
fronting cliffs . . DOWDEN ... 3 876 

- Groves of Blar- 

ney ' MILLIKEN . 6 2439 

- harp that once 

through Tara's 

halls ' MOORE 7 2535 

host is riding from 

Knocknarea . . . .YEATS 9 3707 

kindly words that 

rise O'REILLY . . 7 2833 

Little Black Rose 

shall be red DE VERB . . 3 858 

long, long wished 

for hour DOHENY ... 3 864 

- lord of Dunker- 

ron ' CROKER ... 2 736 

- lying man has 

promised' (Irish 

rann) HYDE 1O 3841 

- man ivho onlii 

took' (Irish 

rann) HYDE 1O 3841 

Minstrel-Boy to the 

war has gone. . .MOORE .... 7 2535 
Muse, disgusted at 

an age BERKELEY . 1 80 

old priest Peter 

Gilligan YEATS 9 3702 

pillar towers of 

Ireland 6 2130 

- Pope he leads a 

happy life ' LEVER 5 2002 

- satisfied man for 

the hungry one 

never feels' 

(Irish rann) ...HYDE 1O 3837 

savage loves his 

native shore . . .ORR 7 2839 

sea moans on the 

strand TODHUNTER. 9 3404 

silent bird is hid 

in the bough. . . .GILBERT ... 4 1279 
silent heart which 

grief PARNELL . . 7 2876 

room, the heavy 

creeping shadeWiLDE .... 9 3593 

Southern SeeDowLiNG. 

Stars are watchingO'DoHERTY. 7 2676 

sun on Ivera CALLANAN . 2 445 

sunny South is 

glowing ORR 7 2837 

tears are ever in 

my wasted eye. .D'ALTON .. 2 803 

- time I've lost in 

wooing ' MOORE .... 7 2522 

top o' the mornin'.CoLEMAN ... 2 609 
tuneful tumult of 

that bird 2 xvi 

wild bee reels from 

bough to bough. .WILDE .... 9 3593 
winter fleeteth like 

a dream GREENE ... 4 1425 

work that should 

to-day O'HAGAN . . * 2767 

world is growing 

darker RORSA .... 8 2983 

young May moon 'MOORE .... 7 2526 

General Index. 



Theater in Blackfriars, 

The 6 2348 

Whitefriars, The 6 2348, 2349 

The Irish Literary 1O xiii 

Irish Literary. SeeMiLLiGAN. 

The Irish National. See MAETYN. 

Their Last Race MATHEW . . 6 2391 

Themes of Irish humor 6 x 

Then Oberon spake. .. .BAELOW ... 1 116 
Theology, Irish devotion 

to 4 1281 

Mountain GEEGOEY . . 4 1455 

Theology and Re- 

Frederick William 

Robertson BBOOKB ... 1 291 

True Friends of 

the Poor and the 

Afflicted DOYLE 3 919 

Dispute with Car- 

lyle DUFFY .... 3 951 

The Irish IntellectGims 4 1281 

Blessing of Afflic- 
tion KIBWAN ... 5 1844 

The Christian 

Mother KIEWAN ... 5 1842 

The Irish CTtwrcft.MAcCABTHY. 6 2148 

Plea for Liberty of 

Conscience O'LEAEY ... 7 2789 

St. Patrick's Suc- 
cess TODD 9 3400 

There are veils that lift.RoLLESTON. 8 2980 

is a colleen fair as 

May PETEIE 8 2886 

' a green hill far 

away ' ALEXANDEB . 1 

a green island .. CALLANAN . 2 439 

a way I am fain 

to go MACMANUS. . 6 2268 

not in the wide 

world MOOEE .... 7 2532 

many a man's dim 

closing eye ....JOYCE 5 1749 

our murdered 

brother lies . . . .DEENNAN .. 3 925 

was a jolly miller 

once BICKEBSTAFF 1 185 

a place in child- 
hood LOVEE 6 2087 

were trees in Tir- 

Conal MILLIGAN . 62437 

There's a dear little 

plant CHEEBY ... 2 587 

glade in AghadoeToDHUNTEB. 9 3410 

wail from the 

glen WILSON ... 9 3617 

grey fog over 

Dublin CHESSON .. 2 591 

Sally standing by 

the river TODHUNTEB. 9 3406 

sweet sleep MACMANUS. . 6 2270 

Thermopylae 3 827 

These be God's fair high 

palaces FUELONG ... 3 1239 

Theseum at Athens, The 6 2335 

' Thespis ' KELLY 5 1782 

They are going, going. .MACMANUS.. 6 2267 

chained her fair 

young body .... ROCHE .... 8 2965 

knelt around the 

cross divine 1 150 

' Third Blast of Retreat 
from Plays and Play- 
ers, The' 6 2348 

Thivishes, The, de- 
scribed , , , , 3 xx 


Thirty-six Command- 
ments, The, of Duel- 
ing 1 148 

This morning there were 
dazzling drifts of 

daisies WYNNE ... 9 3649 

wolf for many a 

day TYNAN- 

HINKSON. 9 3451 

' world is all a 

fleeting show ' . . MOOBB 7 2538 

tomb inscribed to 

gentle GOLDSMITH. 4 1383 

Tholsel, The 4 1258 ; 5 1914 

' Thomas and Sally, or 

The Sailor's Return '.BICKEBSTAFF 1 186 

Thomas Sheridan O'KEEFFE .. 7 2774 

Thomond 4 1657 

' The Bard of.' SeellOGAN. 


Those delicate wander- 
ers RUSSELL .. 8 2998 

dressy and smooth- 

faced young 

maidens GBIFFIN 

evening bells ! ' ... MOOBE 

' Thou art, O God!'. . . . MOOBB . 

golden sunshine in 

the peaceful day ! STOKES 
' Though the senseless 

and sensible ' HYDE .. 

Thoughts on the Mat- 

terhorn TYNDALL 


. 4 1482 
. 7 2527 
. 7 2538 

. 8 3260 
,10 3837 

. 9 3178 
9 3377 

Thracian Hebrus, The O 2455 

Thrasna River 1 360 

Three Counsellors, The. RUSSELL .. 8 3002 

D ublin Street 

Arabs HABTLEY . . 4 1568 

< F's, The ' 6 2179 

Hundred Greeks at 

Thermopylae, The 3 827 

Rock Mountain 6 2121 

Romans at the Sub- 

lician Bridge, The 3 827 

' Shafts of Death, 

The' 10 3968 

' Weeks After Mar- 
riage ' MUBPHY . . 7 2564 

Thrice at the huts of 

Fontenoy DAVIS 

in the night the 

priest arose .... SHOBTEB . . . 
Through air made heavyWiLKiNS . . 

the Solitudes SAVAGE-ABM 

untraced ways ' . . DENHAM . . 

3 823 

8 3130 

9 3600 

8 3028 
3 850 

5 1824 

7 2834 
1 396 

Thrush and the Black- 
bird, The KICKHAM 

Thunder our thanks to 


Thurlow, Burke on Lord 

Thurot 6 2113 

Thus sang the sages of 

the Ga