Skip to main content

Full text of "Irish literature. [Justin McCarthy, editor in chief. Charles Welsh, managing editor]"

See other formats

•presiutteh to 

Wjt ^library 

of % 

Pmiierstfy of Toronto 

the Library of 
Dr. T. E. Ball 



M. 10, 

COI^i RIGHT, 1904, BY 

^\B R A 

B 2 7 1964 




Maurice Francis Egan, LL.D., Douglas Hyde, LL.D. 

of the Catholic University, James Jeffrey Roche, LL.D., 
Washington Editor The -Pilot 

Lady Gregory G. W. Russell (« A. E.") 

Standish O'Grady Stephen Gwyot 

D. J. O'Donoghue Prof. W. P. Trent, of Columbia 
Prof. F. N. Robinson, of Har- University 

vard University Prof. H. S. Pancoast 

W. P. Ryan John E. Redmond, M.P. 

Charles Welsh, Managing Editor 
Author of ' The Life of John Newbery ' (Goldsmith's friend and publisher). 


Irish Literature ...... Justin McCarthy 

Modern Irish Poetry .... William Butler Yeats 

Early Irish Literature . . . Douglas Hyde, LL.D. 
Ireland's Influence on Euro- 
pean Literature Dr. George Sigerson 

Irish Novels Maurice Francis Egan, LL.D. 

Irish Fairy and Folk Tales . . Charles Welsh 
The Irish School of Oratory . J. F. Taylor, K.C. 
The Sunniness of Irish Life . . Michael MacDonagh 
Irish Wit and Humor . . . . D. J. O'Donoghue 
The Irish Literary Theater . . Stephen Gwynn 
A Glance at Ireland's History . Charles Welsh 

Street Songs and Ballads and Anonymous Verse 



George W. Russell (" A. E.") W. B. Yeats 

W. P. Ryan S. J. Richardson 

Charles Welsh Standish O'Grady 

Douglas Hyde, LL.D. D. J. O'Donoghue 

T. W. Rolleston Austin Dobson 

G. Barnett Smith Dr. G. Sigerson 

H. C. Bunner N. P. Willis 

G. A. Greene Lionel Johnson - 


Irish Lit. Vol. 10— A 

c t a n 1 m t e a t) a rt x. 



-An "OpAmA ^Ae-oeAtAc. (SciopAn ^tnnn) 

s^^aUta a^us AttRAiti tiAiroAoine. 

tlij An JT-ArAij 'Quit) (An CnAOibin do cui|\ fiof 


A au cuit ceAn5Ait.ce. ("Oicco) 
Coinnin nA ti-Aicmne. (tmcco) 
tDe^n x\n pn HuAit). (-oicco) 
Hi-oif\e nA 5deAf. (-oicco) 
ITIobnon An An bpAinnse. ("oicco) 

An btlACAllt "DO bl A b^AO A\\ A WAtAin. ("OICCO 

IDaIa Tleipn. (-oicco) .... 

An Laca "OeAng. (-oicco) 

CAOineA"6 nA*ocni tTluife. (tucco) 

CobAn fhuipe. (-oicco .... 

Tllume Aguflofep. (-oicco) 

tlAOrh peA-OAfl. (-oicco) .... 

TT1a|\ CAimg aii c-SAincm j\An eA5tAir. (-oicco 

pogAin iia Cnoire tlAorhcA. (sn c-Ac,Ain 
TTIiotxiAin) ...... 

tDeAn nA "ocpi mbo 
TlAintl 1 n^ACOeitj. (cfunnnisce teif An jCiiAOioin 
Aoibinn) ....... 

picuiuit as suAm nA ft-SmeArm. 

SeA$An An DiomAif. ("ConAii mAOt." p. S. 

SOAg-OA) ... . . . . 




6 oeAl 






The Irish Drama. — Stephen Gwynn. . . . xiii 
Introduction. — The Modern Literature of the Irish 

Language. 3711 

Folk Tales and Folk Songs. 

King of the Black Desert. — Douglas Hyde. . 3713 
Ringleted Love of my Youth. — Folk Song 

from " Love Songs of Connacht." . . . 3735 
Coirnin of the Furze. — Douglas Hyde. . . 3737 
The Red Man's Wife.— Folk Song from " Love 

Songs of Connacht." ..... 3748 
The Knight of the Tricks.— Douglas Hyde. . 3751 
My Grief on the Sea. — Folk Song from " Love 

Songs of Connacht." 3763 

The Boy who was Long on his Mother. — Doug- 
las Hyde 3765 

The Brow of Nefin. — Folk Song from " Love 

Songs of Connacht." 3777 

The Red Duck.— D. Hyde. Trs. by C. Welsh. 3779 
The Keening of the Three Marys. — Tradi- 
tional Folk Ballad. — Douglas Hyde. . . 3789 
Mary's Well. — A Religious Folk Tale. — Doug- 
las Hyde 3794 

Mary and St. Joseph. — Folk Song. — Douglas 

Hyde. . 3807 

Saint Peter. — A Folk Story. — Douglas Hyde. 3813 
How Covetousness Came into the Church. — 

Douglas Hyde 3823 

The Sign of the Cross For Ever.— Folk Song. 3829 
The Woman of Three Cows. — J. Clarence 
Mangan. ....... 3831 

Irish Ranns. — Douglas Hyde. .... 3833 

Historical Sketch. 

Shane the Proud. — A fragment of Irish His- 
tory.— P. J. O'Shea 3813 


SS^AtUAte H-UJ; > OAftA1t), 1 nu^-SAe'oeits. 

CAilin ru mbfAitfe. (SeAtnuf 6 *Outi$AiU) . . 3874 

-An s^-o mA^A. (SeAinuf 6 TDubsAill) . . 3874 

p&itfS&At. (An CfAOibin Aoibmn) . . . 3878 

C<v65 ^AbA. (SeAtnuf •OubgAill). . . 3886 
SeA*6nA — bluipe Af — (An c-AtAif peA-OAf 

tAogAife) 3940 

"tli Af "Oia a buroeACAf " (pAt)f.Aic 6 tAOgAife 3952 
SeAtfun Ceicinn — Pf 6f gACoeAlAC (An c-AtAif 

TDumnin) 3958 

Soif no fiAf if f eAff An bAile — An CneAtfiAife— 

bluif e Af— (UnA tli f AifceAllAij) . . . 3966 
An tlAirh 510CA Af An ngioblACAn — (UomAf 6 

h-Ao-oA) . 3976 

An tTUc AtU\ 3982 


Aitfige An UeAcctifAig. (An TLeACcufAc) . . 3910 

An Ctnf t>'a pie. (An TleActuf. ac) . . . 3916 

If f a-oa 6 cuif e^-o f iof . (^n tleACcufAc) . . 3922 

HI .All ac can t)6eif. (peAf. gAn Ainm) . . . 3928 

CurhA cfoit>e cAilin. (SeAti-AbfAti) . . . 3932 

t>An-cnuic 6ifeAnn 0. ("OonncAt) tTlAC ConinAf a) 3936 

■ortAtnA SAti miAt)-5Ae , 6eit5 

CAfA-0 An cfusAin. (An CfAOibin Aoibinn) 3988 

CUtlCAS All tlA SeAn-1J5T)AnAlt). ^Ae-oeilse a\\ a 

bf uil cf acc inf nA n-imleAbfi Aib f eo 6 I. 50 IX. . 4011 

CUtlUAS tlA nUA'O-US'OAnAlt) 5Aet)eAlACA a bfuil 
An-obAif 1 m-tteAflA. ..... 

tto 1 n5Aet)eil5 mf An tmleAbAf fo. . . 4025 

Coff6 5 4031 


• • • 


Contents. ix 


Prose by Modern Irish Authors. 

The Friar's Servant Girl. — James Doyle. — 

Trs. by Mary Doyle. . . . • . . 3875 
The " Gad Mara." — James Doyle. — Trs. by 

Mary Doyle 3875 

An Allegory. — Douglas Hyde. — Trs. by 

Norma BorthwicJc 3878 

Tim, the Smith. — James Doyle. — Trs. by Mary 

Doyle. 3887 

Seadna's Three Wishes. — From " Seadna." — 

Rev. Peter O'Leary 3941 

The Thankfulness of Dermot. — Patrick 

O'Leary 3953 

Geoffrey Keating. — From " Irish Prose." — 

Rev. Patrick 8. Dineen 3959 

" East, West, Home's Best." — From " An 

Cneamhaire." — Agnes 0. Farrelly. . . 3967 
The Cavern. — From " An Gioblachan." — 

Thomas Hayes 3977 

The Echo.— From "An Gioblachan." T. Hayes. 3983 

Raftery's Repentance. — Douglas Hyde. . 3911 

The Cuis-da-ple.— (Political.)— A. Raferty. . 3917 
How Long Has It Been Said? — (Political.) — 

A. Raftery 3923 

The Curse of the Boers on England. — (Politi- 
cal.) — Lady Gregory. . . ... 3928 

Grief of a Girl's Heart. — (Love Song.) — Lady 

Gregory 3933 

The Fair Hills of Eire. — (Patriotic.) — Dr. 

George Sigerson. 3937 

Modern Play. 

The Twisting of the Rope.— Douglas Hyde. . 3989 
Biographies of Ancient Celtic Writers, whose 

work appears in Volumes I-IX. . . . 4011 

hose work 

. 4025 
. 4031 
. 4041 

Biographies of Modern Celtic Writers, w 

appears in Volume X. . 
Glossary.. ...... 



In an article in the Fortnightly Review for December, 
1901, Mr. Stephen Gwynn, the eminent critic, told the 
story of the Irish Literary Theater. We present here his 
account of the Irish National Dramatic Society, written 
in December, 1902. With regard to the first named he 
says : — 

Its work may be summed up in a sentence : It produced 
in Ireland, with English actors, seven plays written in 
English on Irish subjects. These were : two by Mr. Yeats, 
' The Countess Cathleen ' and ' The Land of Heart's De- 
sire ' ; two by Mr. Martyn, ' The Heather Field ' and 
'Maeve'; one by Miss Milligan, 'The Last Feast of the 
Fianna ' ; one by Mr. Moore, ' The Bending of the Bough ' ; 
and one, ' Diarmuid and Grania,' by Mr. Yeats and Mr. 
Moore in collaboration. At the time when the last was 
produced by Mr. Benson, a troupe of amateurs played Dr. 
Hyde's l Casadh an t-Sugain,' and the advantage that Irish 
amateurs had, even over good English professionals, for 
the purpose in hand was obvious. I suppose that this oc- 
curred to Mr. Fay, for it was after this that he and some 
friends — all of them people earning their bread by daily 
labor — banded together to devote their leisure to the acting 
of Irish plays; and the new experiment was inaugurated 
last Easter, when this company of Irish actors played two 
Irish plays, " A. E.'s " * Deirdre ' and Mr. Yeats' ' Cath- 
leen ni Hoolihan.' It was renewed on a much larger scale 
this Samhain-tide, when in the course of a week some plays 
(including one short farce in Gaelic) were given; the sub- 
jects ranging from poetic handling of the oldest mythology 
down to contemporary satire on the town corporation. 
The whole thing was absolutely and entirely uncommercial. 
Authors and actors alike gave their services for the benefit 
of Cumann na Gael, under whose auspices the plays were 
produced, calling themselves the Irish National Dramatic 

The more one thinks about it, the plainer one sees that 
for full enjoyment of drama the auditor must be one of a 
sympathetic crowd. For instance, a comedy of Mr. Shaw's 


xiv The Irish Drama, 

played before the Stage Society is infinitely more enjoya* 
ble than when it is played in Kennington or Netting Hill. 
But the Stage Society, which makes an ideal audience for 
wit, is perhaps too sophisticated for poetry; too much 
under the domination of modern comedy. In Dublin Mr. 
Yeats and the rest had a hall full of people not less intelli- 
gent but less over-educated, less subservient to the critical 
faculty; in a word, more natural. This audience had all 
the local knowledge necessary to give dramatic satire its 
point (and that is scarcely possible in a place so big as 
London), and had also a community of certain emotions 
arising out of distinctive ideas. And, above all, the people 
composing it came to the theater much as they might have 
gone to church or to a political meeting, ready to be moved 
by grave emotions or by serious ideas. Two of the plays 
could, I think, have held their own with any audience. But 
without that special audience ' Cathleen ni Hoolihan ' and 
' The Laying of Foundations ' would have been by far less 
dramatic than they were. 

It should be said at once that these plays were for the 
most part extremely modest in scope. Only one had so 
many as three acts or required a change of scene; and two 
or three were at best " curtain raisers." In this class must 
be put Mr. MeGinley's ' Eilis agus an Bhean Deirce y 
('Eilish and the Beggar Woman'), which I cannot criti- 
cise, as no text was procurable and my Gaelic was not equal 
to following the dialogue closely. I do not think that a 
higher rank can be claimed for Mr. Yeats' farce, ' A Pot of 
Broth,' which, however, afforded Mr. W. G. Fay the chance 
for a capital piece of broad comic acting. The story is one, 
common among Irish peasants, of a beggar, who comes to a 
churlish woman's house, and knowing well that asking will 
get him neither bite nor sup, plays on her credulity by dis- 
playing a wonderful stone which will make the best of 
broth. All he asks is the use of a pot and water in it, and 
whi-le the miserly housewife listens to his praise of the 
saving to be effected by such a stone, he dilates upon its 
other qualities — its effect on a chicken if you put it in with 
it, or on a ham-bone or the like — till gradually one eatable 
after another slips into the pot, and the beggar in a fit of 
generosity presents the stone to the housewife, taking in 
return merely the broth and a few unconsidered trifles. 

The Irish Drama. xv 

That was all, and it was little enough. But it was interest- 
ing to find Mr. Yeats as a purveyor of laughter — for the 
little piece was genuinely droll, and interesting too — to 
notice how, for his comedy as for his tragedy, he went to 
folk lore and the peasant's cottage. 1 

I may dismiss at once Mr. Seuinas O'Cuisin, author of 
two of the plays. His ' Racing Lug ' was a little story of 
sea-faring folk, apparently so cut down as to be barely in- 
telligible. This was in prose ; his other production, ' The 
Sleep of the King,' was simply a poetic tableau, showing 
how Connla, son of Conn the Hundred-fighter, left a prof- 
fered throne to follow after a fairy woman. 

" He follows on for ever, when all your chase is done, 
He follows after shadows, the King of Ireland's son." 

Mrs. Chesson has put the gist of it into the haunting little 
poem from which I quote these two lines, and put it much 
more effectively than Mr. O'Cuisin. Still, his little piece 
in verse — and very creditable verse — gave the troupe their 
one opportunity of showing how they spoke what was writ- 
ten in meter. They spoke verse not as actors generally do, 
but as poets speak it, in a kind of chant, which I confess 
seems to me the natural and proper manner. 

It was just this quality — the absence of all stage manner- 
isms, the willingness to speak poetry simply as poetry, tor 
speak it for its own sake, and not to show the actor's ac- 
complishments — that rendered possible the production of 
' Deirdre ; ' and it would have been a pity for work so good 
not to have been produced. Nevertheless I cannot regard 
' Deirdre ' as a good or successful piece of drama. The au- 
thor, " A. E., " ranks high in my judgment as a lyrical 
poet, but even as a lyrical poet his appeal must necessarily 
be to the few. Mystic in the blood and bone, he stands 
habitually apart, and moves in ways of thought and emo- 
tion where it is difficult to follow him. And yet it was 
striking to observe how well the audience responded to his 
interpretation of the famous and beautiful story, and to 
the thoughts that he wove into its fabric. The first act 
tells how the sons of Usnach found Deirdre in the secret 
abode where the High King Conchobar had secluded her 

1 The story is told in Griffin's ' The Collegians,' see Volume IV. 

xvi The Irish Drama. 

fatal beauty, and how she fled with Naisi, obedient to the 
voice of a new wonder ; and in this act I could see little or 
nothing to praise. But in the second, which shows Deirdre 
in the kingdom that Naisi and his brother had won on the 
shore of Loch Etive, there was work of a very different 
quality. In a passage of singular beauty the poet — for the 
play, though written in prose, is sheer poetry — shows 
Deirdre looking out on a glorious sunset. It is the sunset 
not of one but of many days, she says, and the stars that 
had lost each other in the mists and heat of the sun, know 
again their friends' faces across the firmament. And so, 
too, she and Naisi, awaking at last from the long swoon of 
sunshine, see at last into each other's hearts, and she sees 
in him a regret. It is the regret of pride that he has fled 
without confronting King Conchobar; the regret of chiv- 
alry that he has broken the rules of the Red Branch Order. 
It is, indeed, for comradeship in the Red Branch that he 
pines, not knowing it; and on the top of this discourse 
comes the shout of a man of Erin from his galley in the 
loch. And Deirdre, who has Cassandra's gift, foreknows 
the whole; so that when Fergus enters, the dearest of 
Naisi's friends, with pledge of forgiveness and of restora- 
tion to the Red Branch, she has no heart to greet him. She 
can only implore Naisi to stay, and her sorrow angers him, 
till her love and her knowledge yield to his pride. 

I thought the whole of this act very well planned and 
full of beauty, and, even when the beauty was recondite, 
it conveyed itself surprisingly well. Deirdre in her lament 
says that the Gods have told her her love and happiness are 
ended, and are yet immortal, for they are destined to live 
forever as a memory in the minds of the Gael ! and one felt 
that slight stir run through the silent audience which tells 
of a point gone home. And the spectacular beauty, even 
on that mean stage, was considerable; the figures moving 
behind a gauze veil in costumes designed by the author, 
who is artist as well as poet, and moving no more than was 
essential for the action. It was a great relief to see actors 
stand so still, and never to have attention distracted from 
the person on whom it naturally fell. But the whole thing 
was too literary, depended too much on the accidental 
beauties of thought or phrasing, and not enough on a 
strong central emotion. I do not think that " A. E." 

The Irish Drama, xvii 

achieved more than to demonstrate the possibility of a 
drama on an Irish heroic subject which should appeal to 
an Irish audience. But such a drama would have to be 
written by a most skillful dramatist. 

The other two plays of which I have to speak had their 
way, as it seemed, made almost absurdly easy for them ; so 
directly did they spring out of the mind of the audience. 
And yet these things are not quite so easy as they appear, 
and Mr. Ryan succeeded when Mr. Moore and Mr. Martyn 
had failed. Mr. Moore's ' Bending of the Bough ' was a dra- 
matic satire on Irish politicians: so was Mr. Martyn's 
' Tale of a Town.' But though Mr. Moore and Mr. Martyn 
knew well how Ibsen had done that sort of thing, they were 
not familiar at first-hand with local politics; they did not 
show that perfect knowledge of local types which gave a 
value to ' The Laying of Foundations.' 

The action of this comedy passes in the house of Mr. 
O'Loskin, town councilor (and patriot), immediately after 
a municipal election. To him come his friends, Alder- 
man Farrelly and another, for a discussion of pros- 
pects. The alderman and his ally have their own little 
game to play; to secure for a building syndicate in which 
they are concerned the contract for erecting a new asylum. 
Mr. O'Loskin, on his part, desires the post of city architect 
for his son Michael. There is an obvious fitness in the ar- 
rangement by which Mr. O'Loskin will back the one job, 
while Mr.* Farrelly completes the other ; indeed, the only 
obstacle to this and all other good plans lies in one Nolan, 
the editor of a plaguy print, who has succeeded in captur- 
ing one of the wards, and will have a new means of annoy- 
ance — as if his Free Nation, with his rancorous comment 
on the private arrangements of public men, were not 
troublesome enough already. " And the worst of it is," 
says Alderman Farrelly, with pious indignation, " that I 
don't believe the fellow can be squared." Needless to say, 
the Free Nation has its counterparts in real life: the 
United Irishman, and another clever paper, The Leader, 
have been for some time back making things very unpleas- 
ant for patriot publicans and others. Nor was this all. 
Even the obiter dicta of prominent men found a new pub- 
licity given to them on the stage. " This fellow Nolan," 
says Alderman Farrelly, " is never done putting absurd no- 

xviii The Irish Drama. 

tions into poor people's heads. He says a working man 
ought to get twenty-four shillings a week. Twenty-four 
shillings!" (They all roar with laughter.) "Eighteen 
shillings is plenty for any laboring man. What would they 
do with more if they had it? Drink it!" And he slaps 
his thigh, leans back, and drains his tumbler of mon- 
strously stiff whisky and water. This trait did not lose 
any of its pungency before an audience which remembered 
how a certain Lord Mayor had recently fixed eighteen shil- 
lings as the highest wage any working man should look 

After the opening dialogue the action begins to develop. 
Michael, the future city architect, is an almost incredibly 
ingenuous youth. He only knows his father as the promi- 
nent patriot, the liberal subscriber to charities. And he is 
vastly overjoyed at the prospect, but he does not see how 
it is to be accomplished. How exactly is Alderman Far- 
relly going to secure favors from Alderman Sir John Bull, 
the leading Unionist? How is he, Michael, going to con- 
sent to receive them? Mr. O'Loskin has to explain that 
Sir John Bull is a large employer of labor, and, no matter 
what his politics, which is the better patriot, the man who 
gives the means of livelihood to hundreds, or one of your 
starveling fellows who goes about making trouble and stir- 
ring up ill-will? Michael yields easily, for Michael is en- 
gaged, and this will mean marriage; but the young lady, 
Miss Delia, is not so sanguine. She has been infected with 
the venom of Nolan, she distrusts Mr. O'Loskin, she warns 
Michael against a trap. Nevertheless, Michael accepts. 

Two months later finds him installed, and coming grad- 
ually face to face with facts. Alderman Farrelly is right- 
eously indignant because Michael has pedantically re- 
ported that the foundations of the new asylum are being 
laid with four feet of concrete instead of the stipulated 
eight. Worse still, Michael has condemned, root and 
branch, certain slum tenements — not knowing that they 
are the joint property of Alderman Farrelly and his own 
father. Here again one may observe that the audience bore 
in mind how a rickety tenement owned by a prominent and 
patriotic member of the Corporation had finally collapsed, 
killing some of the inmates. Michael's eyes are finally 
opened completely by an interview with Mr. Nolan, and, 

The Irish Drama. xix 

Delia backing him, he takes his stand. In vain does Al- 
derman Farrelly inclose a check for £500 as " a wedding 
present." In vain does Mr. O'Loskin tear his paternal 
hair. " Michael, I always thought you would take after 
me. See what conies of giving a boy a good education." 
(That, I will be bold to say, is a stroke of irony worthy of 
Swift himself.) Michael is obdurate, and the curtain falls 
on his righteous protestations. 

Up to a certain point, as will be evident, the thing is 
purely analogous to Ibsen's work — but might have been 
written by one who had never read a line of that master. 
Only, if Ibsen had drawn Michael as Mr. Ryan drew him, 
and as Mr. Kelly represented him, there would certainly 
have been a third act, showing, in a bitter sequel, Michael's 
surrender. This is a defect in the art, for Michael is ill- 
drawn; and Miss Delia is rather a needlessly aggressive 
young lady. But whatever Mr. O'Loskin and Mr. Farrelly 
have to say and do is excellent, and the sentence which I 
have quoted is a fair illustration of the irony which per- 
vades the whole. And a wholly subordinate character, 
Mrs. Macfadden, wife of the third town councilor, has an 
admirable scene in which she speaks her mind of Miss 
Delia and her extraordinary notions and goings on. Noth- 
ing could be better played than this was by Miss Honor 
Lavalle; she was the Dublin Catholic bourgeoise to the life. 

I do not say that the play was a masterpiece. I do say 
that it was live art ; and that here was a new force let loose 
in Ireland : the clear sword of ridicule, deftly used from the 
point of greatest vantage, striking home again and again. 
Here there was no reference to the stranger ; here was Ire- 
land occupied with her own affairs, chastising her own cor- 
ruption. I wish I could have been present on the Saturday 
night when the programme began with ' The Laying of 
Foundations ' and ended with ' Cathleen ni Hoolihan. , 
That would have been to see drama pass from its cauteriz- 
ing the ignoble to its fostering the noble in national life: 
from the comedy of municipal corruption to the tragedy, 
brief, indeed, but drawing centuries into its compass of 
Ireland's struggle for freedom. 

It is necessary to explain for English readers that "• Cath- 
leen ni Hoolihan " was one of the names which poets in the 
eighteenth century used to cloak, in the disguise of love-. 

xx The Irish Drama. 

songs, their forbidden passion for Ireland ; that the " Shan 
Van Vocht," or " Poor Old Woman," was another of these 
names; and that Killala, near which, in 1798, is laid the 
scene of Mr. Yeats' play, is the place where Humbert's ill- 
starred but glorious expedition made its landing. But 
there was no need to tell all this to the Dublin audience. 

The stage shows a peasant's house, window at the back, 
door on the right, hearth on the left. Three persons are in 
the cottage, Peter Gillane, his wife Bridget, and their sec- 
ond son Patrick. Outside is heard a distant noise of cheer- 
ing, and they are wondering what it is all about. Patrick 
goes to the window and sees nothing but an old woman 
coming toward the house; but she turns aside. Then on 
a sudden impulse he faces round and says, " Do you re- 
member what Winnie of the Cross Roads was saying the 
other day about the strange woman that goes through the 
country the time there's war or trouble coming?" But 
the father and mother are too busy with other thoughts to 
attend to such fancies ; for Bridget is spreading out her son 
Michael's wedding clothes, and Peter is expecting the boy 
back with the girl's fortune. A hundred pounds, no less. 
Things have prospered with the Gillanes; and when 
Michael, the fine young lad, comes in with the bag of 
guineas he is radiant with thinking of the girl, Delia 
Cahel, and Bridget is radiant with looking at him, and 
Peter with handling the gold and planning all that can be 
done with it. And through it all again and again breaks 
the sound of distant cheering. Patrick goes off to learn 
the cause, and Michael goes to the window in his turn. 
He, too, sees the old woman, but this time she is coming to 
the house, and her face is seen for a moment, pale like a 
banshee's, through the thick glass of the window. And 
Michael shivers a little. " I 'd sooner a stranger not to 
come to the house the night before the wedding." But his 
mother bids him open the door, and in walks the old way- 

Miss Maud Gonne, as every one knows, is a woman of 
superb stature and beauty; she is said to be an orator, and 
she certainly has the gifts of voice and gesture. To the 
courage and sincerity of her acting I can pay no better 
tribute than to say that her entrance brought instantly 
to my mind a half-mad old-wife in Donegal whom I have 

Tlie Irish Drama. xxi 

always known. She spoke in that sort of keening cadence 
so frequent with beggars and others in Ireland who lament 
their state. But for all that, tall and gaunt as she looked 
under her cloak, she did not look and she was not meant to 
look like a beggar ; and as she took her seat by the fire, the 
boy watched her curiously from across the stage. The old 
people question her and she speaks of her travel on the 

Bridget. It is a wonder you are not worn out with so much 

Old Woman. Sometimes my feet are tired and my hands are 
quiet, but there is no quiet in my heart. When the people see me 
quiet they think old age has come on me, and that all the stir has 
gone out of me. 

Bridget. What was it put you astray ? 

Old Woman. Too many strangers in the house. 

Bridget. Indeed, you look as if you had had your share of 

Old Woman. I have had trouble indeed. 

Bridget. What was it put the trouble on you ? 

Old Woman. My land that was taken from me. 

Bridget. Was it much land they took from you ? 

Old Woman. My four beautiful green fields. 

Peter (aside to Bridget). Do you think, could she be the 
Widow Casey that was put out of her holding at Kilglas a while 
ago ? 

Bridget. She is not. I saw the Widow Casey one time at the 
market in Ballina, a stout, fresh woman. 

Peter (to Old Woman). Did you hear a noise of cheering and 
you coming up the hill ? 

Old Woman. I thought I heard the noise I used to hear when 
my friends came to visit me. (She begins singing half to herself. ) 

" I will go cry with the woman, 
For yellow-haired Donough is dead, 
With a hempen rope for a neck-cloth, 
And a white cloth on his head." 

The sound of her strange chant draws the boy over to her 
as if by a fascination; and she tells him of the men that 
had died for love of her. 

" There was a red man of the O'Donnells from the North, and a 
man of the O'Sullivans from the South, and there was one Brian 
that lost his life at Clontarf by the sea, and there were a great 
many in the West, some that died hundreds of years ago, and there 
are some that will die to-morrow." 

The boy draws nearer to her, and plies her with ques- 
tions, and the old people talk pityingly of the poor crea* 

xxii The Irish Drama. 

ture that has lost her wits. They offer her bread and milk, 
and Peter, under his wife's reproaches, offers her a shil- 
ling. But she refuses. 

" If any man would give me help he must give me himself, he 
must give me all." 

And Michael starts to go with her, to welcome the friends 
that are coming to help her. But his mother interposes 
sharply, with a note of terror, and she reminds him whom 
it is he has to welcome. Then turning to the stranger — 

Maybe you don't know, ma'am, that my son is going to be mar- 
ried to-morrow. 

Old Woman. It is not a man going to his marriage that I look 
to for help. 

Peter (to Bridget). Who is she, do you think, at all ? 

Bridget. You did not tell us your name yet, ma'am. 

Old Woman. Some call me the Poor Old Woman, and there are 
some that call me Cathleen ni Hoolihan. 

It sounds flat and cold when you write it down; it did 
not sound cold when it was spoken. And the audience felt, 
too, in a flash, all that lay in Peter's comment, " I think I 
knew some one of that name once. It must have been some 
one I knew when I was a boy." 

The stranger goes out then, chanting an uncanny chant, 
after she has told them what the service means that she 
asks of men. " They that had red cheeks will have pale 
cheeks for my sake; and for all that they will think they 
are well paid." And she leaves the boy in a kind of trance, 
from which his mother tries to waken him with talk of his 
wedding clothes. But as Bridget speaks the door is thrown 
open, Patrick bursts in with the neighbors : " There are 
ships in the bay; the French are landing at Killala! " 

Delia Cahel may come with him, may cling about 
Michael; but the chant is heard outside and the bride- 
groom flings away the bride and rushes out, leaving them 
all silent. Then old Peter crosses to Patrick and asks, 
" Did you see an old woman going down the path? " And 
the lad answers, " I did not ; but I saw a young gir 1 and 
she had the walk of a queen." 

The actors played the piece as it was written; that is, 
they lessened instead of heightening the dialect and the 
brogue; they left the points unemphasized. But they had 

The Irish Drama. xxiii 

the house thrilling. I have never known altogether what 
drama might be before. Take a concrete instance. Few 
things in modern literature seem to me so fine as the third 
act in ' Herod ' ; few pieces of acting have pleased me bet- 
ter than Mr. Tree's in that scene. But I have never felt in 
reading it over that I missed anything by lacking the stage 
presentment, and I felt obscurely glad to be spared the 
sense of an audience only half in sympathy. * Herod ' 
came to the audience from outside; Mr. Yeats put before 
them in a symbol the thought of their own hearts. He had 
such a response as is only found in England by the singers 
of patriotic ditties in the music halls. " Cathleen ni Hooli- 
han " is the Irish equivalent for the " Absent-minded Beg- 
gar " or the " Handy Man." It is superfluous to do more 
than suggest the parallel. 

I do not for a moment mean to imply that these Irish 
plays are worthy the attention of English managers. 
There is no money in them. They will be played, no doubt, 
a few times in Dublin, where Mr. Fay and his fellows have 
taken a small house for occasional performances. They 
will be played up and down through the country to people 
paying sixpences and pennies for admission. Some of 
them will, I hope, be produced by the Irish Literary So- 
ciety in London for an Irish audience. But wherever they 
are played they will represent a Avholly different order 
of dramatic art from that which prevails in the English 
theater; and the difference will lie chiefly in their inten- 
tion, first, in the fact that they are not designed to make 

Wherever they are played I hope they may find per- 
formers so good as Mr. W. G. or Mr. F. J. Fay, or Mr. 
Digges — an actor of extraordinary range, who played the 
parts of Naisi, of Michael Gillane, and of Alderman Far- 
relly, with equal success. The ladies of the company were 
hardly equal to the men, but Miss M. Quinn and Miss M. 
nic Shiubhlaigh both acted with fine intelligence. And the 
whole company, by their absence of stage tricks, showed 
the influence of Mr. Yeats, who is President of the com- 

Part of the propaganda was an address delivered by him 
on the scheme which he has so much at heart for establish- 
ing a fixed manner by means of notation for speaking verse. 

xxiv The Irish Drama. 

I was unable to be present, but have heard his views before, 
and have heard Miss Farr speak or chant verse on his 
method, accompanying herself on a queer stringed instru- 

The important thing is the deliberate attempt to re-estab- 
lish what has never died out among Irish speakers — 
a tradition of poetry with a traditional manner of speak- 
ing it. Put briefly, it comes to this: Mr. Yeats and many 
others wanted to write for Ireland, not for England, if 
only because they believed that any sound art must ad- 
dress itself to an audience which is coherent enough to 
yield a response. The trouble was that Ireland had lost 
altogether the desire to read, the desire for any art at all, 
except, perhaps, that of eloquent speech — and even in that 
her taste was rapidly degenerating. What the Gaelic 
League has done is to infuse into Ireland the zeal for a 
study which, as Dr. Starkie says, " is at heart disinter- 
ested." What Mr. Yeats and his friends have done is to 
kindle in Ireland the desire for an art which is an art of 
ideas. No matter in how small a part of Ireland the desire 
is kindled, nothing spreads so quick as fire. 

It is noticeable that Mr. Fay's company has more and 
more limited its efforts to two types of play— the prose 
idyll, tragic or comic, of peasant life, and the poetic drama 
of remote and legendary subjects. In the former kind a 
new dramatist has revealed himself, Mr. J. M. Synge, 
whose little masterpiece, ' Rivers to the Sea,' was the most 
successful of five plays produced by the company at the 
Royalty Theater in London in the spring of 1904. Mr. 
Synge had not been heard of before, but his work in prose 
is no less accomplished and complete than that of Mr. 
Yeats in poetry, in the days of poetic plays. " A. E.'s " 
' Deirdre ' has been succeeded by Mr. Yeats' Morality * The 
Hornglass,' written like it in cadenced prose, and this by 
' The King's Threshold ' and ' The Shadowy Waters.' In 
both of these plays we have heard Frank Fay and Maire nic 
Shiubhaigh speak beautiful and dramatic verse as it is 
seldom spoken, and in ' The Shadowy Waters,' especially, 
what the piece lacked in dramatic quality was made up by 
the mounting, which showed how much solemn beauty 
could be achieved with little cost from common materials 
handled by an artist. 

The Irish Drama. xxv 

It is satisfactory to add that a theater has been ar- 
ranged in Dublin where these players will in future have 
the advantages of a proper stage, however modest its di- 

In September, 1903, we learn from an article by Mr. W. 
B. Yeats in Samhain that the movement, the beginnings of 
which Mr. Stephen Gwynn has chronicled in the foregoing, 
has grown to such an extent that the year's doings could not 
be described in detail. 

Father Dineen, Father O'Leary, P. Colum, and Dr. Hyde 
produced new plays which, with those by " A. E.," Mr. 
Cousins, Mr. Ryan, W. B. Yeats, Dr. Hyde, Lady Gregory, 
etc., were witnessed not only by thousands throughout the 
length and breadth of Ireland, but by large and apprecia- 
tive audiences in London as well. The Irish Literary 
Society of New York also has been active in presenting 
several of these plays, and the effect of the new-born Irish 
drama is being strongly felt in this country also. 

Let Lady Gregory say the last word on this subject : 

" There has always, on the part of the Irish people, been 
a great taste for dramatic dialogue. The ' Arguments of 
Oisin and Patrick ' are repeated by peasants for hours to* 
gether with the keenest delight and appreciation. Other 
dramatic ' arguments ' appeal to them — the ' Argument of 
Raftery with Death,' the ' Argument of Raftery with 
Whisky/ or the argument between a Connaught herd and a 
Munster herd as to the qualities of the two provinces. 
These old pieces are recited and followed with excitement, 
showing how naturally the dramatic sense appeals to the 
Celtic nature. It is curious, therefore, that only now 
should Irish drama be finding its full expression, and not at 
all curious that it has taken such a hold upon the country. 
The dramatic movement has made really an enduring im- 
pression upon the life and intellectual activity of the 
people."— [C. W. 


t)tiaine as scAin tia ti-6ine-Atin f - 

S"se&lZAi "o^nu-A, A5tis ■ouatyiAj 


te n-flS-o^UAit) ax) IaG in-oill, 


An nuA'O-ViUTii'OeAct 1 nsAetteag, 

Cibrirm'o mfAn imteAbAn "oeinrb feo, fomptAibe An $nAc- 
^Ae-beitg nA troAoine, niAn "oo bi fi aca m f An x>A CeAT> btiAbAn 
fo t>o CnAib CAnfAinn, Ajuf niAn cA fi aca Anoif. T1i't aCc nuAb- 
$Aet)eil5 te pA$Ait Ann ro, -] CAicrit) An teigceoin a bneiceAtntiAr 
pern "OeAnArh An An CfeAn-$Ae"oeit5 te congnArii nA u-Aifcnin$Ab 
beAntA *oo tujjAiriAn infnA n-imteAbnAib eite. Ill tusAmAoro An 
Cfenn-^Aebeitj; Ann fo, oin if no beACAin a cuigfmc "oo Aon ■oume 
nAC n"oeAnnA fuiT>eAnACc fpeipAtCA innci. 

UA fgeAtCA, AbnAm, -| nAibce nA nx>Aoine fern, te fAgAit mfAn 
teADAn fo, i ca cuit) riibn "otoO ro f5fiobcA rior te fgotAinib 6 
oeAt nA reAn-"OAome i n-6inmn nan tvng a "oceAngA rem "oo 
fgnibbA-b nA t>o teigeAt). Ace cA cum eite -be, Aj;uf if obAin nA 
fgnibbnoin if etifoe i obAin nA f^nibbnofn acA aj "oeAnArii ticnit>- 
caCca nuAibe tio ifiumncin nA n-6ineAnn inmu, tnAtt acA An c-x\tAin 
peAT>An O tAO$Aine, SeuniAf O *Oub$Aitt> ConAn HlAot (TTIac ui 
SeAj-oA), pA-onAis O tAo$Aine,- UomAf O n-Ao-dA, An c-ACAin 
O "Otnnnin, tinA m £eAn$Aitte, " UbnnA " *j "OAOine eite; 

If An-x»eACAin An nut) e beAntA ceAnc btAfOA no Cun An ^Aet)- 
eits, bin if e mo bAfAriiAit nAC bfuit Aon *oa ceAn$A An CAtAiii nA 
CfiofCugeACcA if tn6 "oifif eAconnA fern 'nA iat>. Aguf crO 50 
bfuitit> a Com fA"OA fin 'nA feAfArii An An Aon oiteAn, cAob te 
CAoib, if fion-beAj An 1of$ "o'fAg ceAnn aca An An $ceAnn eite, 
A 5 u f *T fiof-beAgAn t)'f Ogtuim ha x)Aome tAbnAf iat> 6 n-A Ceite. 

Ua f^oitce ua n-6ineAnn, fAnAon ! £A fcitinu $A*b "OAome t>'a 

T>CU5 AU TllA$AtCAf SACfAttAC AU fCIUfUgAb OffA, A£Uf b! UA 

•OAome fe6 1 scbtnnuibe 1 n-A$Ai"b nA n^ebeAt Ajuf 1 n-AtjArb 
ceAn^A-b nA cine, "tli't ebtAf A5 -oume Af bic aca uifni aCc oineA-o 
teAfAtnote butOig. UAceACfAf "oe nA T>Aoimb feo'nAmbfeiCeArh- 
nAib cuinceAnnAib An T)ti$e, nAC bptnt pioc ebtAif aca Af 
oi*oeACAf, aCc o'f 5nAt-obAif teb -OAOine cionncACA do "bAOfA-b, 
"OAonAnn fiAx> mumncin nA li-6ifeAnn, '5A scuf fA bneiceAtnnAf 
AinebtAif, fAt> a mbeACA, 1 -ocAoib nA neice bAineAf teo fein -j 
te n<j T>cif. UA feAn eite aca 'nA uACcAnAn Af CotAifce nA 
UnionbiT>e — if fUAC nA n^ebeAt An Aic fin — A5Uf cA cuit) rhbn 




We shall see in this last volume specimens of the ordinary 
Irish language of the people, as they have had it for the last 
couple of hundred years, and as they have it now. There is 
nothing but modern Irish to be found in this volume, and 
hence the reader must form his own opinion of the old Irish 
literature by the help of the English translations that have 
been given in the other volumes. We give here no old Irish, 
because it is too difficult to understand for any person who 
has not made a special study of it. 

There are stories, songs and sayings of the people themselves 
to be found in this book, and a great many of these have 
been written down by scholars from the mouths of old people 
in Ireland who did not know how to read and write their 
own language. But there is another portion of the book 
which is the work of the cleverest writers, the work of writers 
who are making a modern literature for the people of Ireland 
to-day, such as Father Peter O'Leary, James Doyle, Co-nan Maol 
(O'Shea), Patrick O'Leary, Thomas Hayes, Father Dinneen, 
Miss O'Farrelly, Tadhg O'Donoghue, and others. 

It is a very difficult thing to put correct tasteful English 
upon Irish, for it is my opinion that there are no two languages 
in the lands of Christendom which differ more between them- 
selves than they do. And although they have been so long 
standing side by side upon one island, very little is the trace 
that either of them has left upon the other, and it is very 
little that the people who speak them have learned from one 
another either. 

The schools of Ireland also, are, alas, under the dominance 
of people to whom the English Government has given the 
control over them, and these people have always been against 
the Irish, and against the language of the country. Not one 

3712 An tluA-o-ticni-oeACt i tlgAe-ceils; 

eile aca nA n"OAOinib-tiAirle f Ai-obne gAn Aon eolAr r peiriAtcA aca 
&P r5 01l - c1D nA A F rgoluigeAcc ; Agur "oo toinmeAfs riA"© 5 Ae "°" 
eilg "oo rhunA'o inrnA rgoilcib, no "oo lAbAinc leir nA rgolAinib, 50 
t>ci cni no ceAtAn "oe bliA"6AncAi£> 6 foin. CA AtnugAt) Ann Anoir, 
•j 50, -ocujai-O X)ia "Oumn 50 mbeit) re buAn ! Hi tfieAr-Aim 50 nAib 
Aon cin eile a\< tAlAtfi nA CniorcuigeACCA niArii, a nAib a leiteit) 
fin T>e rgAnnAil te peicr-mc mnci Aguf t»o bi 1 n-6inmn — mAigi- 
rcni-Oe -] tnAijifcneAfA rsoile nAC nAib jtocaI 5- de ' oeil -5 e ACA > A S 
" mtinAt) " ! pAircrOe nAC nAib pocAl beAnlA aca ! Hi n-iongnAt) 
gun "oibneAt) AmAC rpionAT) nA UcnrbeACCA Af nA "OAomib, Agur 
gun ntiAigeAt) Area sac oroeAr, gtiocAr, cnionACc, Agiif rcuAim "oo 
tAini5 AnuAf Cuca n-A rmnreAnAib nompA. ACc Anoir, — rriAn 
geAll Af ConnnAt) nA 5 Ae "° ei ^5 e — CA An $Aet)eilj;, aj; ceACc cuici 
pern Anir ; A^ur ir roilein e Anoif, "oo'ti "oorhAn An £A"o, mA ca 
6ine te beit 'nA nAiriun An leit, no te beit 'nA nuo An bit acc 
'nA cotroAe gnAnnA SAcrAnAig, (A^ur i A5 "oeAnArii Aitnir 50 p Aon 
fAnn puAn An norAib nA SAcrAnAc) 50 5CAitit> ri iompot) An a 
ceAtigAit) pern Anir i ticni"beACc nuAt) ceAp^"6 inno. 

Agur cA £ine A5 corn^A* An rm "00 *oeAnArh CeAnA pern, Aj;ur 
cA romplATbe An a bpuit ri *o'A "OeAnArh inrAn leAbAn no. tli'l 
lonncA ro 50 tein (obAin nA n"oeiC mbliA'bAn ro cuAit> tAnnAinn) 
aCc ceAt)-btAtA An eAnnAig. UA An SAninAt) le ceAcc pOr te 
consnArii "Oe: 

U1£ Atl f:ASA1$ "6t1lt)j 

tAb^Af O f. lomn, 6 beut V Ae-tiA-muice (Swinford 1 mbeur-lA) ■o'tnnif An fjeui 
fo T>o pfompAf O ConcubAifi 1 mb't'AcluAin, 6 a bpuAip mire e. 

tluAin bi O ConcubAin 'nA ni$ An 6ifinn bi r^ '"^ cOrhnuit>e 1 
ttAC-cnuA6Am OonnAcc; t)i Aon rhAC ArhAin Aije, aCc nuAin "o'frAf 
fe fUAf, bi fe piA'bAin, A^uf nion peu"o An nig fmACc *oo cun Aif j 
mAn bei"beAt) a toil pem Ai^e mf 5AC uite ni*6: 

The Modern Literature of the Irish Language. 3713 

of them knows anything about it, more than so many asses 
or bullocks. Four of these men are judges from the courts 
of law, who have no particle of knowledge about education; 
but since their ordinary work is to condemn the guilty, they 
condemn the people of Ireland, sentencing them to life-long 
ignorance about the things that concern themselves and their 
country. Another of them is the Provost of Trinity College, 
that place that is Fuath na nGaedheal, and a great number 
more of them are wealthy country gentlemen, without any 
special knowledge of schools or scholarship; and these men 
practically forbade the Irish language to be taught in the 
schools or to be spoken to the scholars until three or four years 
ago. A change has come now. God grant that it may be a 
lasting one! 

I do not think that there was ever any other country in 
the lands of Christendom in which such a scandal was to 
be witnessed as in Ireland — masters and mistresses of schools 
who did not know a word of Irish, " teaching " ( !) children who 
did not know a word of English! It is no wonder that the 
spirit of literature was banished out of the people, and that 
all instruction, intelligence, wisdom and natural ability, that 
had come down to them from their ancestors before them, were 
driven out of them. But now — thanks to the Gaelic League — ■ 
the Irish language is coming to itself again, and it is evident 
at last to the whole world that if Ireland is to be a nation 
apart, or anything at all except an ugly English county, 
(imitating, in a manner lifeless, feeble, and cold, the manners 
of the English), she must turn to her own language again, 
and create herself a new literature in it. 

And Ireland is beginning to do this, even already, and 
there are specimens of what she is doing in this book. These — 
the works of the last ten years — are yet nothing but the first 
spring blossoms. The summer is to come with the help of 


This story was told by one Laurence O'Flynn, from near Swinford, in 
the County Mayo, to my friend, the late F. O'Conor, of Athlone, from 
whom I got it in Irish. It is the eleventh story in the " Sgeuluidhe 
Gaodhalach." — Douglas Hyde. 

When O'Conor was king over Ireland, he was living in 
Rathcroghan of Connacht. He had one son, but he, when he 
grew up, was wild, and the king could not control him, 
because he would have his own will in everything. 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— B 




3714 Tli£ An fAfAi$ t)ut». 

-Aon rhAi'oin AriiAin tuAit) fe Am&Cj 

A cu te ha coif 
A f eAbAC Ap a boif 
A'f a cApAtt bf e-45 -out) t)'a tomcAft, 

Aguf t)'imti$ re Af a§ai"0, A5 jAbAit fAinn AbnAin t>6 fein 50 
bc^inig f6 com fAT) te fgeAtAt mof "oo bi aj; fAf Af bfuAc 
SteannA. t)i reAn-t)uine tiAt 'ua fuibe A5 bun n& fgeiCe, Aguf 
•outt^t] c f6 : •" A rhic An fij, mA tig teAC imifc Com mAit A'f 
tig teAC AbnAn *oo gAbAit, but) mAit tiom ctuiCe t^iminc teAC." 
£>Aoit mAC An ni$ $uf feAn-"oume mi-eeitti"Oe t>o bi Ann, A$uf 
tuifting f6, tAit ffiAn tAf Jeug, a^uf fuit) fiof te CAoib Ati 
CfeAn-T>uine tiAt; tAffAing feifeAn paca cAfOAit) AtnAC Aguf 
T>' £iAff ui§ : " An ■OC15 teAC iat) fo "o'lmifc ? " 

" U15 tiom," An fAn mAc-ni§. 
Cf6A"o imeof AmAoit) Ain ? " An fAn reAn-T>uine tiAt, 
Hit) An bit ir miAn teAC," An fan mAc-fi$. 
TTlxMt 50 teof, mA gnotAijim-fe CAitfit) cufA nit) An bit a 
lAnnp-Af me "oeunAm t)Am, Aguf mA jnotAigeAnn cufA, CAitpi-o 
mire nit) An bit lAfff Af cuf a onm "OeunAm "Otucre," An fAn feAn- 
•ouine UAt. 

" €A me f ArcA," An ran mAc-fi$: 

T)'imin riA"o An ctuiCe Agur buAit An mAc ni$ An reAn "ouine 
tiAt. Ann rin -oubAinc re, " cneAt) ■do but) rhiAn teAC mife "oo 
•OeunAm t)uic, a mic An fig ? " 

" Tli lAnnfAit) me one nit) An bit "oo "OeunAm t>Am," An TAn 
WAc-ni$* " fAoitim nAt bfuit cu lonnAnn mOfAn t>o t>eunAm." 

" T1A bAC teif fin," An f^n feAn *oume, " CAitpt) cd tAff ai-o 
Ofm nut) eigin do -OeunAm, nion tAitt me geAtt AfiArti nAn feut) 
me a ioc." 

TTlAn "oubAifc me, fAoit An mAc ni$ gun feAn "oume miteitltt) 
•oo Bi Ann, Aguf te ua f Af u$At) "oubAifc f 6 teif * 

" t)Am An ceAnn "oe mo teAfttiAtAif ^guf cuin ceAnn gAbAin 
uinfi Af ^eA"() feAtcrhAine." 

" "Oeunf At) fin •ouic," Af fAn feAn "ouine tiAt: 

CuatO An mAc ni$ A5 mAfcuigeAtc Af a tApAtt; 

A cu te tia coif 

A feAbAC Af A t>01f, 

Aguf tug fe a A$Ait> Af Aic eite, Ajuf niof tuimnig f6 niof m6 
a\\ An feAn "oume tiAt, 50 "OCA1T115 fe A-bAite. 

"PuAif fe 5Aif Aguf bf6n m6f m fAn gCAifteAn; T)'innif riA 
reAfbf 6$AtiCAit) *0 50 T>CAitn5 t)f AoiteA-oOif AfceAC 'f An feomf a 
'n Aic a f Aib An bAinnio$An Aguf guf tuif f e ceAnn gAbAif uiffi 
l n-Aic a cmn f etn; 

Tlie King of the Black Desert. 3715 

One morning he went out 

His hound at his foot, 

And his hawk on his hand, 

And his fine black horse to bear him, 

and he went forward, singing a verse of a song to himself, 
until he came as far as a big bush that was growing on the 
brink of a glen. There was a gray old man sitting at the 
foot of the bush, and he said, " King's son, if you are able to 
play as well as you are able to sing songs, I should like to 
play a game with you." The King's son thought that it was 
a silly old man that was in it, and he alighted, threw bridle 
over branch, and sat down by the side of the gray old man. 

The old man drew out a pack of cards and asked, " C&n 
you play these? " 

"I can," said the King's son. 

" What shall we play for? " said the gray old man. 

" An^y thing you wish," says the King's son. 

"All right; if I win, you must do for me anything I shall 
ask of you, and if you win I must do for you anything you 
ask of me," says the gray old man. 

" I'm satisfied," says the King's son. 

They played the game, and the King's son beat the gray 
old man. Then he said, " What would you like me to do 
for you, King's son?" 

" I won't ask you to do anything for me," says the King's 
son, " I think that you are not able to do much." 

" Don't mind that," said the old man. " You must ask me 
to do something. I never lost a bet yet that I wasn't able to 
pay it." 

As I said, the King's son thought that it was a silly old 
man that was in it, and to satisfy him he said to him — " Take 
the head of my stepmother and put a goat's head on her for 
a week." 

" I'll do that for you," said the gray old man. 

The King's son went a-riding on his horse 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand — 

and he faced for another place, and never thought more about 
the gray old man until he came home. 

He found a cry and great grief before him in the castle. The 
servants told him that an enchanter had come into the room 
where the Queen was, and had put a goat's head on her in place 
of Jaer own head. 

3716 ni$ An f AfAig t)«iO. 

" T)Af mo tAirh, if lon^AncAC An nit) 6 fin," Af fAn mAC fig,- 
" t>A mbei-omn 'fAn mbAite "oo bAinfmn An ceAnn T)e te mo ctAit)- 
eAtfi." t)i bfon m6f An An fig Ajuf cuif fe fiof An corhAifteoif 
cnionA Aguf -o'fiaffuig fe -06 An fAib fiof Aige cia An caoi tAf tA 
An nit) reo t)o'ti bAinfiogAin. " go "oeimm ni tig Horn fin mn- 
reACc "otiic," An f eif eAn, " if obAif t)f AonbeACCA e." 

Tliof tei5 An mAc fig Aif fem 50 fAib eCtAf An bit Aige Af An 
gcuif, acc Af mAixiin AmAfAC "o'lmtig fe AmAC, 

A cu le tia coif 

A f eAOAC Aft A 001f 
'S A CApAtl b|ieAJ 'Out) T)'A 10TT1CAf, 

Aguf niof tAffAmj; fe rniAn 50 "ocAim^ fe com £at>a teif An 
fgeiC rhoif Af bf uaC An gteAnnA. t)i An feAn nuitie tiAt 'nA fui"6e 
Ann fin f aoi An fgeic Aguf -otibAifc f e : " A. mic An fig, tnbeit) 
cttuce ajjat) Ant)iii ? ' tuiftmg An mAc fig Ajuf "oubAifc : 
" beit)." teif fin, CAit fe An ffiAn tAf geug, Aguf funo fiof te 
caoiO An cfeAn •ouine. tTAffAinj; feifeAn nA cifOAit) awaC, Ajuf 
■o'fiAff uig -oe'n tfidc fig An, bfUAif f e An nit> "oo gnotAig f e Ant)e; 

" Ua fin ceAfc 50 teof," a\\ f An mAC fig; 

" 1me6f AmAoit) Af An njeAtt ceutmA Antnu," Af f An feAn 
■ouine tiAt. 

" Ua me f AfCA," Af f An mAc nig; 

T)'irmf fiA"o, Ajuf gnotAig An tnac pi§. " CfeAT) X)o but) miAn 
teAC mife "oo ■OeunArh t)uic An c-Am f o ? " Af f An feAn "ouine 
tiAt. SmuAin An iuac fig A^uf X)ubAifC teif fem, " beuff Ait) me 
obAif cfuAit) t>6 An c-Am fo." Ann fin "oubAinc fe : " Ua pAifc 
feACc n-ACfA Af cut CAifteAm m'AtAf, biot> fi tioncA A]\ mAi-on. 
AmAf At te bAt (bUAib) jau aou beifc aca "do beit Af Aon t>At, Af 
Aon Aifoe, no Af Aon AOif AtfiAin." 

" t)eit) fin "oeuncA," Af fAn feAn •ouine tiAt: 

tuAlt) AU mAC f1§ A5 mAfCUIjeACC Af A CApAtl,- 

A cu te tiA coif 

A feADAC Aft A t)01f, 

AJUf tUg AgAlt) A-bAlte. t)l AU flj 50 bfOUAC 1 "OCAOlb UA bAin- 

fiojnA. t)i *oocctiifit) Af n-uite aic 1 n-^ifinn, acc niof feut) 
fiA*o Aon u'iAit *oo "OeunArii t)1. 

Af mAiT)in, tA Af ua mAfAC, cuAit) mAOf An fig AmAC 50 moc, 
Ajtif connAifc fe An pAifc a\^ Out An CAifteAin tioncA te bAt 
(buAib) Aguf gAn Aon beifc aca x>e 'n x>At ceux>nA no "oe'n Aoir 
feu"onA, no "oe'n Aifoe ceuDnA. tD'imtig fe AfceAC, Ajguf "o'lnnif 
ce An fgeut lon^AncAC ■oo'ti fig. " ^eifig Aguf ciomAm ia-o 
AmA6," Af fAn fig. |TuAif An mAOf fif, Aguf cuatO fe te6 A5 

The King of the Black Desert. 3717 

" By my hand, but that's a wonderful thing," says the 
King's son. " If I had been at home I'd have whipped the 
head off him with my sword." 

There was great grief on the King, and he sent for a wise 
councillor and asked him did he know how the thing happened 
to the Queen. 

" Indeed, I cannot tell you that," said he, " it's a work of 

The King's son did not let on that he had any knowledge 
of the matter, but on the morrow morning he went out 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 
And his fine black horse to bear him, 

and he never drew rein until he came as far as the big bush 
on the brink of the glen. The gray old man was sitting there 
under the bush and said, " King's son, will you have a game 
to-day? " The King's son got down and said, " I will." With 
that he threw bridle over branch and sat down by the side 
of the old man. He drew out the cards and asked the King's 
son did he get the thing he had won yesterday. 

" That's all right," says the King's son. 

" We'll play for the same bet to-day," says the gray old man. 

" I'm satisfied," said the King's son. 

They played — the King's son won. " What would you like 
me to do for you this time? " says the gray old man. The 
King's son thought and said to himself, " I'll give him a hard 
job this time." Then he said, " there's a field of seven acres 
at the back of my father's castle, let it be filled to-morrow 
morning with cows, and no two of them to be of one colour 
or one height or one age." 

" That shall be done," says the gray old man; 

The King's son went riding on his horse, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 

and faced for home. The King was sorrowful about the Queen ; 
there were doctors out of every place in Ireland, but they 
could not do her any good. 

On the morning of the next day the King's herd went out 
early, and he saw the field at the back of the castle filled with 
cows, and no two of them of the same color, the same age, 
or the same height. He went in and told the King the 
wonderful news. " Go and drive them out," says the King. 
The herd got men, and went with them driving out the cows, 

3718 Uig An ^AfAig "Ouitti 

ciomAmc nA mbb AmAC, acc ni tuAite CuiffeA* fe aiyiac Af Aon 
CAOib iAt> 'nA CiucfAb fiAT> AfceAC Af An CAOib eite; CuAlt) An 
mAof "oo'tt nig ■Afif, Aj;uf "oubAifC teif nac bfeu-ofAb An meA-o 
feAf bi i n-6inmn nA b&t fin x>o bi fAn bpAifc -oo Cup AmAC. " 1f 
bAt "Of AoibeAfiCA 14"0," A H V^n fig: 

TluAif Connaifc An mAC-fig ha bAt, -oubAifc fe teif V&" '• 
" t>eit> ctuiCe eite As^tn oeif aii f eAn t>uine tiAt attoiu." T)'imcig 
fe AmAC An itiAix>in fin, 

A cu te nA coif 

A f e4t)AC Af( a boif 

A'f a CApAtl bjieAJ -out) t>'a lomcAf , 

Ajuf niof tAffAing fe fftAn 5° "ocAinis fe Corn fAt)A teif An 
fgeiC riioif Af bnuAC An gteAnnA; t)i An feAn "oume tiAt Ann fin 
foirhe Aguf "o'lAff fe Ain An mbeibeA'b ctuice cAfOAib Aige. 

" t>ei-b," Af\ fAn niAc fig ; " aCc cA fiof asa>o 5° m^it 5° "0^15 
Uom tu buAtAb A5 irmfc cAfOA." 

" t)eib ctuiCe eite A5Ainn," An fAn feAn "oume tiAt. "An imif 
cu tiAtf 61T) AniAtfi ? " 

" T)'imneAf 50 ■oeirhin," An f.Mi niAc nig; "acc fAOitim 50 
bfuit cufA no feAn te tiAtfoit) -o'lminc, A*;uf con teir fin "i't 
Aon Aic AgAinn Ann no te n'imifc." 

" 1TIA ca cufA urhAt te n-iminc, seobAitt mife aic," An fAn T eAt1 
•oume UAC; 

" CAim urhAt," An fAn mAC fig; 

" l,eAn mife," Af fAn f e^n ■oume tiAt: 

lean An mdc fig e cfiT> An njleAnn, 50 ■ocAnjA'OAf 50 cnoc 
bfeAg sLAf. Ann fin, caff^ing fe auiaC ftaicin -ofAOibeAecA, 
Aguf -oubAinc foctA nAf cuig mAC An fig, Aguf fAoi CeAnn moimn),- 
•o'ofgAit An cno6 Aguf cuAit) An beifc AfceAC, Agtif cuai-o fiAt) 
Cfi-o a tAn "oe bAttAib bfeAjA 50 •ocAngA'DAf .amac 1 njAifoin. t)i 
5^6 uite ni-0 niof bfeAgA 'nA ceite m fAn ngAifoin fin, Aguf A5 
bun An gAif-oin bi Aic te tiACfbiT) "o'lmifc. 

Caic fiAT) piofA AifgiT) fUAf te feicfinc cia aca mbei^eA* tAm- 
Afcig Aige, i fUAif An feAn "oume tiAt fin. 

topMt; fiA-o Ann fin, A^uf niof fCAt) ai feAn -oume ^uf. 
gnOCAig fe An ctuice: tli fAib tiof aj An mAC fi$ CfeA-o "oo 
•OeunfAt) fe: "Paoi "Oeoit) -o'fiAffuig fe "oe'n CfeAn--oume cfeAt) 
"oo bu-b rhAic teif e "oo t>eunArii "06. 

" 1f mife Tli$ Af An b^f^C t)ub, A^uf CAitfitt cufA m6 fein 
Ajuf m'^ic-cdriinuit>e "o'fAgAit AmAC f aoi CeAnn U Asuf btiAt)Am, 
nb seobAi-b mife cufA AmAC A^uf cAittfib cu "oo ceAnn." 

Ann fin Cu$ fe An mAC fig AmAC An beAtAC ceuT>nA a n"oeACAit> 
fe AfceAC. "Ofuit) an cnoc gtAf 'nA "OiAig A5Uf -o'lmtig An feAn 
•oume UaC Af AmAfc: 

The King of the Black Desert. 3719 

but no sooner would he put them out on one side than they 
would come in on the other. The herd went to the King again, 
and told him that all the men that were in Ireland would not 
be able to put out these cows that were in the field. " They'ro 
enchanted cows," said the King. 

When the King T s son saw the cows he said to himself, " I'll 
have another game with the gray man to-day!" That 
morning he went out, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 
And his fine black horse to bear him, 

and he never drew rein till he came as far as the big bush 
on the brink of the glen. The gray old man was there before 
him, and asked him would he have a game of cards. 

"I will," says the King's son, "but you know well that I 
can beat you playing cards." 

" We'll have another game, then," says the gray old man. 
" Did you ever play ball?" 

"I did, indeed," says the King's son; "but I think that 
you are too old to play ball, and, besides that, we have no 
place here to play it." 

" If you're contented to play, I'll find a place," says the 
gray old man. 

" I'm contented," says the King's son. 

" Follow me," says the gray old man. 

The King's son followed him through the glen until he came 
to a fine green hill. There he drew out a little enchanted rod, 
spoke some words which the King's son did not understand, 
and after a moment the hill opened and the two went in, and 
they passed through a number of splendid halls until they 
game out into a garden. There was everything finer than 
another in that garden, and at' the bottom of the garden there 
was a place for playing ball. They threw up a piece of silver 
to see who would have hand-in, and the gray old man got it. 

They began then, and the gray old man never stopped until 
he won out the game. The King's son did not know what he 
would do. At last he asked the old man what would he desire 
him to do for him. 

" I am King over the Black Desert, and you must find out 
myself and my dwelling-place within a year and a day, or 
I shall find you out and you shall lose your head." 

Then he brought the King's son out the same way by which 
he went in. The green hill closed behind them, and the gray 
old man disappeared out of sight. 

3720 m$ An FAfAig t)uib; 

Cuai-6 An mAc nig A5 mAfcuigeACc An a CApAttj 

A cu le tiA coif, 
A f eabac an a boif, 

A^uf 6 bnonAC 50 teon. 

An cnAtnonA fin, no bneAtnuig An ni$ 50 nAib bn6n Aj;uf 
buAit)neAt) mon An An mAc 65, Ajur nuAin Cuai-0 fe 'nA CoT>tA-6, 
CuAtAro An ni$ Agur 5AC uite -ouine x>o bi in fAn gcAirleAn cnom- 
ornAoil Ajuf n^rhAtArb uAit). £)i An nig fAoi bnon ceAnn gAbAin 
■oo beic An An mbAinniogAin, acc but) meAfA 6 readc n-uAine 
nuAin "o'lnnir An mAc -oo An fseut, rriAn cAntA 6 cuf 50 "oeineA-o. 

Cuin fe pof An corhAinleoin cnionA, Aguf -o'piArnuis fe t>e An 
nAib piof Aige ciA An Aic a nAib An Tlig An An b^AfAC *Oub 'nA 

" TlTt, 30 T>eiriun," An feifeAn ; " acc Com cinnce A'r ca nubAtt 
(eAnbAtt) An An $cac munA bcAt^ro An c-oi-bne 65 An ■onAoit)- 
eAT>6in fin AtnAC, CAittfit) fe a CeAnn." 

t)i bnon mon 1 gcAifteAn An ni£ An tA fin; t)i ceAnn ^AbAin 
An An mbAmniogAin, Aguf An mAC-ni$ "out Ag conuijeACc ■onAoi'o- 
eAt)onA, jAn fior An "ociucf At) fe An Air 50 -oeo. 

CAn eif feACcrhAine [t»o] bAineA* An ceAnn ^AbAin "oe'n bAin- 
niogAin, Aguf cuineA-6 a ceAnn fern uinni. tluAin cuAtAit) ri An 
caoi An cuineA* An ceAnn ^AbAin uinni, tAinij fUAC mon uinni 
AnAgAit) An true nig, Ajjuf "oubAinc ri : " TIAn ca^ato r£ An Aif 
beo nA mAnb." 

An mAi-oin, "Oia tuAin, "o'fAj; fe a beAnnACc a^ a ACAin A^uf aj; 
a $aoI, bi a rhAtA-fiubAiL ceAngAitce An a t>nuim, Aj;uf t)'imti$ re, 

A cu te r>A coif 

A feAt>AC Af1 a boif 
A'f A capAlt b|ieAJ -bub •o'a lomcAfi. 

6iubAit fe An t£ fin 50 n Aib An jniAn imti$te fAoi fgAite nA 
jcnoc, Ajuf 50 f Aib •oofCA'OAf nA b-orbce A5 ceACc, gAn fiof 
Ai$e ciA'n Aic a bpuijpeAt) f6 loifcin. t>neAfcnui$ fe coitt rh6p 
An tAoib a tArnie cte, Aguf CAffAin^ fe uinfi corn CApA Aguf 
•o'feu'O fe, te fuitAn oi-bCe -oo CAiteArh fAoi fAf^At) nA jjcnAnn. 
Suit) f6 fiof fAoi bun cnAinn rhOin "OAfAC, "o'fOfSAH fe a rhAlA* 
fiubAil te biA*o *j "oeoC •oo CAiteArh, nuAin ConnAifc f e iotAn m6n 
A5 ceACc Cuige. 

" HA biot) f AicCiOf one f 6rhAm-f A, A rhic fi$. Aitnigim tu, if 
cu mAc Ui ConCubAin nf$ 6ineAnn: 1f CAnAi-o me, A^uf mA Cu5Ann 
cu t>o CApAtt x>Am-f a te cAbAinc te n'ice -oo ceitne eAntAit ocn aCa 

The King of the Black Desert: 3721 

The King's son went home, riding on his horse, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 

and he sorrowful enough. 

That evening the King observed that there was grief and 
great trouble on his young son, and when he went to sleep 
the King and every person that was in the castle heard heavy 
sighing and ravings from him. The King was in grief — a 
goat's head to be on the Queen ; but he was seven times worse 
when they told him the (whole) story how it happened from 
beginning to end. 

He sent for a wise councillor and asked him did he know 
where the King of the Black Desert was living. 

" I do not, indeed," said he, " but as sure as there's a tail 
on a cat, unless the young heir finds out that enchanter ho 
will lose his head." 

There was great grief that day in the castle of the King. 
There was a goat's head on the Queen, and the King's son 
was going searching for an enchanter, without knowing 
whether he would ever come back. 

After a week the goat's head was taken off the Queen, and 
her own head was put upon her. "When she heard of how 
the goat's head was put upon her, a great hate came upon 
her against the King's son, and she said, " That he may never 
come back alive or dead ! " 

Of a Monday morning he left his blessing with his father 
and his kindred, his traveling bag was bound upon his shoulder, 
and he went, 

His hound at his foot, 
His hawk on his hand, 
And his fine black horse to bear him. 

He walked that day until the sun was gone beneath the 
shadow of the hills and till the darkness of the night was 
coming, without" knowing where he could get lodgings. He 
noticed a large wood on his left-hand side, and he drew 
towards it as quickly as he could, hoping to spend the night 
under the shelter of the trees. He sat down at the foot of a 
large oak tree, and opened his traveling bag to take some food 
and drink, when he saw a great eagle coming towards him. 

" Do not be afraid of me, King's son ; I know you, you are 
the son of O'Conor, King of Ireland. I am a friend, and if 
you grant me your horse to give to eat to four hungry birds 

3722 tti$ An £AfAi$ "butt:. 

AtA a^axy>, beAffAitt mife niof fui*oe 'nA "oo beAffAtf *oo CApAtt 
tu, A$uf b'ei-oif 50 gcuinfinn tu Af tofj; An ce acA cti 'cofurg- 

" C15 teAC An CApAtt "oo beit a^at* Aguf police," An fAn mAC 
nig, " cit> gun bf 6nA6 me Ag fgAf ArhAinc teif." 

" UA 50 mAit, beit) mife Ann f o An mAi"oin AmAf ac te b-eifge 
nA gneme." Ann fin "o'fofSAit fi a 30b mof, fus Sfeim An Ati 
jjcApAtt, buAit a -oA tAoib An^Ait) a ceite, teAtnuig a fjiAtAn,- 
Ajuf T>'imtig Af AtfiAfc: 

*0'it Aguf "o'ot An niAc nig a fait; cuif An mAtA-fiubAit pAoi 
nA ceAnn, Aguf nion bpAT>A 50 fAib fe 'nA co-otAt), Aj;uf nion 
•duifig re 50 "ocAimg An c-iotAf Aguf gun "bubAifc : " UA fe 1 
n-Am "oumn beit '5 imteACC, cA AifceAf f ax>a fomAinn, beif gneim 
An "oo rhAlA Aguf teim fUAf An mo "Ofuim." 

" Ate, mo bf on ! " An feifeAn, " CAitrit) me f$Af AmAinc te mo 
Cu Aguf te mo feAbAC." 

" VIA bicb bf on one," An fife ; " bei-0 fiAt> Ann fo f OmAO 

UUA1f tlUCf Af CU Af A1f." 

Ann fin teim fe fUAf Af a "Ofuim, gtAc fife fpAtAn, A^uf Af 
50 bfAt teite 'fAn Aef.< tug fi e tAf cnocAib A^uf steAnncAib, 1 
tAf muif moif Aguf tAf coittab, gtif fAOit fe 50 fAib fe Ag 
•oeifeA* An "oorhAin. fluAif bi An gfiAn A5 "out f aoi fjjAite nA 
genoe, CA11115 fi 50 CAtAiii 1 tAf f Af Aig moif, Aguf "oubAifc teif : 
" t,eAn An cAfAn Af tAoib "oo LAime "oeife, Aguf beAff Alt) fe tu 
50 ceAc cAfA"o. CAitfit) mife fitteAt) Af Aif te fOtAtAf "oo 

teAn feifeAn ah CAfAn, Ajuf niof bfAt>A 30 "ocAini^ fe 50 tici 
An ceAt, A^uf cuai"6 fe AfceAC. t)i feAn-*ouine tiAt 'nA fui"be 'fAn 
gcoifneutt ; -o'eifig fe *j -oubAifc, " Cent) mite f Aitce f 6mA"o, a 
fhic Rig Af RAt-CfUACAn ConnACC;" 

" fli't eotAf AgAm-f a Ofc," Af fAn mAC fig: 

" t)i Aitne AgAm-f a Af x>o feAn-AtAif," Af fAn feAn "ouine tiAt ; 
" f ui"6 fiof ; if "0615 50 bf uit cAfc Aguf ocf uf ofc." 

" lli't me fAOf viAtA," Af fAn mAC fig. t)uAit An feAn "onme A 
•6A boif AnAjAit) a ceite, Aguf tAmig beif c feif bif eAc, Ajtif teAj- 
At>Af bofo te mAifc-feoit, cAoif-feoit, muic-feoit Aguf te neAfC 
Af Am 1 tAtAif An mic fi$, Ajuf T>vibAifC An feAn •ouine teif : ' 1t 
Aguf 6t "oo fAit, b'eiT)if 50 mbut> fAt)A 50 bfuigp* cu a teiteit) 
Afif." T)'it Aguf "o'ot fe oifeA-o Aguf but) itiiAn Leif, Aguf tug 
burbeACAf Af a f on. 

Ann fin T>ubAifC An feAn mime, " cA cu "out A5 cofuigeAtc 
Rig An ^AfAig "Ouib ; ceifig Ag cox)tA"0 Anoif, Aguf f AtAit). mife 
Cfe mo teAbfAib le peutAinc An "ocig tiom Aic-cbmnui"Oe An ni$ 

The King of the Black Desert. 3723 

that I have, I shall bear you farther than your horse 
would bear you, and, perhaps, I would put you on the track 
of him you are looking for." 

" You can have the horse, and welcome," says the King's 
son, " although I am sorrowful at parting from him." 

" All right, I shall be here to-morrow at sunrise." With 
that she opened her great gob, caught hold of the horse, struck 
in his two sides against one another, took wing, and 
disappeared out of sight. 

The King's son ate and drank his enough, put his traveling 
bag under his head, and it was not long till he was asleep, 
and he never woke until the eagle came and said, " It is 
time for us to be going, there is a long journey before us; 
take hold of your bag and leap up upon my back." 

"But my grief!" says he, "I must part from my hound 
and my hawk." 

" Do not be grieved," says she, " they will be here before 
you when you come back." 

Then he leaped up on her back; she took wing, and off 
and away with her through the air. She brought him across 
hills and hollows, over a great sea, and over woods, till he 
thought that he was at the end of the world. When the sun was 
going under the shadow of the hills she came to earth in the 
midst of a great desert, and said to him, " Follow the path on 
your right-hand side, and it will bring you to the house of a 
friend. I must return again to provide for my birds." 

He followed the path, and it was not long till he came to 
the house, he went in. There was a gray old man sitting 
in the corner. He rose and said, " A hundred thousand 
welcomes to you, King's son, from Rathcroghan of Connacht." 

11 1 have no knowledge of you," said the King's son. 

"I was acquainted with your grandfather," said the gray 
old man. " Sit down ; no doubt there is hunger and thirst 
on you." 

" I am not free from them," said the King's son. 

The old man then smote his two palms against one another, 
and two servants came and laid a board with beef, mutton, 
pork, and plenty of bread before the King's son, and the old 
man said to him, " Eat and drink your enough. Perhaps it 
may be a long time before you get the like again." 

He ate and drank as much as he desired, and thanked him 
for it. 

Then the old man said, "You are going seeking for the 
King of the Black Desert; go to sleep now, and I will go 

3724 m$ An £AfAi$ t)uib: 

fin T)'f^$Ait AmAC." Ann pn, buAit r e a t»of a ; tAimj feint>ifeAC, 
A^uf "oubAinc re leif " UAbAin An mAC juj 50 T)ci a feomf a;" C115 
fe 50 feomnA bneAg e, Aj;ur nion brAt)A gun tuic r e 'nA CcoUvo; 
An mAi"om, Ia An nA ttiAnAc, cAmij An reAn ■ouitie A^ur T>ub- 
Ainc : " 6ini$, ca AifceAn ^a-oa nCrhA-o; CAitp-o cu C1115 ceut> 
mile "deunAm noirn meA"oon-LAe:" 

" tli peu"opAinn e t>o -oeunAm," An rAn mac ni$: 
" tTlA'r mAncAC mAit tu, beAnrai-o mife cApAU "ouic tte^nvAf 
cu An c-AifceAn." 

" "OeunpA-o mAn "oeAn^Af cuf a," An f An mAC ni$: 
tug An reAn T>ume ne^nc te n'lte A$ur te n'<5t "DO,- A^tir nuAij\ 
bi fe r ACAC > cu 5 T e seAnnAn beA$ bAn x>6, Agur "oubAinc : " CAtiAip 
ceA-o a Cmn -oo'n £eAnnAn, A j;ur nuAin proper r e , F e AC fu^r Y^" 
a6|\ Agur reicp-b cu c l^ 1 eAtAi*6e Corn geAt te r^eACcA; 1r iat> 
fin cni mjeAnA Ri$ An fMr A1 $ "Ouib: t)eTO nAipicin gtAr 1 mbeut 
eAtA aca, r 1r > 1 A " i«$eAn if oi^e, A^uf ni'l neAC beC T>'reuT>pyd 
tii t>o tAbAinc 50 ci$ tti$ An f ApMg ^ l11D ACC *• t1«Ai|\ r^oppAr 
An geAnnAn, bei "° cu 1 "5^ >D0 tot ' ^ucp 5 * 1 * nA c f ! eAtAi*>e 50 
CAlArh An bnuAC An Loca pn, Agur 'oeunrAi-o cpun ™nA (bAn) 05 

•oiob r 6in > A 5 u r pacai-o r^" ArceAC 'p*" t-° c ^5 p^™ ^5 u r ^5 

pnc. ConsbAis x»o full An An nAipicin jtAr A^ur nuAin geobAr 
cu nA mnA 65A 'p*" ^oC, ceinij Agur r A $ An nAipicin A$ur nA r5Afl 
teip ^eip$ 1 brotAC rAOi CnAnn Agur nuAin tuicrAit) nA mnA 65A 
AmAC, -oeunrATb beinc aca eAtAifje t)iob ip£ir\ A^ur imteOcAi-6 riAt) 
^An Aer-- Ann fin, -oeAfvpAit) An mgeAn if oi^e, " "OeunrATO me 
ni-6 Af» bit -Do'n ce beAnr^r ^o nAipicin -DAm." UAn 1 tACAin Ann 
pn, A^ur CAbAin An nAipicin "of, -j AbAin nAC bpuit nit) A|\ bit A5 
ceAfCAL uaic, aCc -do t&v>&i^ 50 cig a n-AtAn, A^iir i"" i r "of 5 u n 
mAC fig CO Ar cij\ CumaccAig." 

■Rmne An mAC r» 1 '5 5 A<i T1 ''° ^^ -oubAi^c An reAn "oume teir, 
Ajur nuAir tus r e An nAipicin -o'lngm Ui$ An ^ArAi$ "Omb, "oub- 
Ainc r e : " 1 T ™ i r e rnAC Ul ConCubAif, nig ConnACcj UAbAif 1116 
50 -oci "o'AtAin : r AT)A me *°' A t6fun$eACc." 

" t1Ar» breAf-r "Ouic me ni-o ei^m eile -oo •oeunArii "omc ? " An 


" Wi't Aon nit) eite A5 ceArcAt uAim^" Af reireAn: 

'-' tTlA tAirbeAnAim An ceAC "ouic nAC mbeit) cu rArcA ? "a^ r'fes 

" t)ei-6eATj," a|a r ei r eAn - 

" Anoir," An nr e > " A ^ "o'AUAm nA b-inmr "oo m' AtAif $un mire 
•00 tus Cum a ti$e-reAn tu, A^ur bCit) mire mo CAfAix* mAit 
•Cuic; Agur teig o^c rei"," An pr*. "50 bruit mOf-CuinACc 

■OrAOlt)eACC A^AX)." 

i ( - "OeunrA-o mAn "oein cu," An feireAtu 

The King of the Black Desert. 3725 

through my books to see if I can find out the dwelling-place 
of that King." Then he smote his palms (together), and a 
servant came, and he told him, " Take the King's son to his 
chamber." He took him to a fine chamber, and it was not 
long till he fell asleep. 

On the morning of the next day the old man came and said, 
" Rise up, there is a long journey before you. You must 
do five hundred miles, before midday." 

"I could not do it," said the King's son. 

" If you are a good rider I will give you a horse that will 
bring you over the journey." 

"I will do as you say," said the King's son. 

The old man gave him plenty to eat and to drink and, 
when he was satisfied, he gave him a little white garran and 
said, " Give the garran his head, and when he stops look up 
into the air, and you will see three swans as white as snow. 
Those are the three daughters of the King of the Black Desert. 
There will be a green napkin in the mouth of one of them, 
that is the youngest daughter, and there is not anyone alive 
except her who could bring you to the house of the King of 
the Black Desert. When the garran stops you will be near 
a lake, the three swans will come to land on the brink of 
that lake, and they will make three young women of them- 
selves, and they will go into the lake swimming and dancing. 
Keep your eye on the green napkin, and when you get the 
young women in the lake go and get the napkin, and do not 
part with it. Go into hiding under a tree, and when the 
young women will come out two of them will make swans 
of themselves, and will go away in the air. Then the youngest 
daughter will say, ' I will do anything for him who will give 
me my napkin.' Come forward then and give her the napkin, 
and say that there is. nothing you want but to bring you to 
her father's house, and tell her that you are a king's son from 
a powerful country." 

The King's son did everything as the old man desired him, 
and when he gave the napkin to the daughter of the King 
of the Black Desert he said, " T-am the son of 0' Conor, King 
of Connacht. Bring me to your father. Long am I seeking 

" Would not it be better for me to do something else for you? "' 
said she. 

" I do not want anything else," said he. 

" If I show you the house will you not be satisfied? " said 

3726 tti§ An t^fAig "Ouib: 

Ann fin finne fi eAlA *6i fern Aguf "oubAinc : " teim fUAf Af 
mo mum, Aguf cuif x>o lAmA fAoi mo rhuineAt, Aguf congbAig 
Sfeitn cfUAit>." 

Umne f6 AtfitAi'b, Aguf CfAit fi 4 fgiAtAnA,- ^ Af 50 bfAt I6ite 
t^n CnocAib A'f tAf jteAnncAib, t^n muif Ajuf tAf fL6ibcib, 50 
"ocAinis fi 50 CAlArh man t)o 01 An gfiAn A 5 ^u^ fAd: Ann fin 
"oubAifc fi teif : " An bf eiceAnn cu An ceAt mbf fin tAtt ? Sm 
ceAt m'AtAf . SlAn teAC. Am An bit benieAf bAogAt one, beit) 
mife te -oo tAoib." Ann fin "o'lmtig fi uAi"b; 

Cua1"o An mAC fig cum An cige, Cuato AfceAC, Aguf cia "o'feic- 
feAt) fe Ann fin 'nA fuit)e 1 gcAtAOif oin, aCc An feAn "oume HaC 
"o'lmif n^ cAf"OAi"o Agtif An LiAtf6i*o teif. 

" "£eicim, a mic fig," Af f eifeAn, " 50 bf UAif cu m6 AmAC f oirh 
IA Aguf bliA'OAin. 1 CA fAT) 6 "o'fAg cu An bAile ? " 

" Af mAit)in Ant)iu, nuAin bi me A5 eifge Af mo leAbuit), Conn- 
Aifc me cuAg-ceAtA, finne m6 leim, fgAf me mo "bA coif Aif, Aguf 
fleAriinAig me com f at>a teif f eo." 

" T)Af. mo LAm, if mon An gAif5i*6eACC -oo finne cu," Af f An 
feAn fig. 

" "O'feu'Of Ainn fu*o niof longAncAige 'nA fin "00 "oeunArh, "oa 
n-osfbCAin," Af fAn mAC fig: 

" UA cfi neiCe AgAtn Ttuic te ■oeunArh," Af fAn feAn fig, " 7 
mA'f fei*oif leAC ia*o "oo "OeunArh, bei*6 fogA mo tmuif mgeAn 
ajat) mAf mnAOi, Aguf munA "ocig teAC iat> "oo -OeunArh, CAillfi-O 
cu "oo CeAnn mAf CAiti cuit) rhAit "oe "rjAoimb 65A f 6rhA"0." 

Ann fin "oubAifc fe, " tli Dionn ite nA 6t m mo tig-fe, aCc 
Aon uAif ArhAm 'fAn cfeACcrhAm, Aguf bi fe AgAinn Af mAiTnn 

" 1f cumA Uom-f a," Af fAn mAC fig ; " C15 tiom cf of^A"© "oo 
•OeunArh Af feA"0 miof a t>A mbei"0eA*6» CfUA-boj; ofm." 

" 1f *ooig 50 "ocis teAC "out $au Co'otA'd mAf An 5ceuT>nA ? " Af 
fAn feAn fi$. 

" U15 Horn 5An Arhf Af," a^, fAn mAC fig: 

" tD6it> teAbui* cfuAi"d asat> auoCc mAf fin," Af fAn feAn 
fig ; " CAf tiom 50 "ocAif beAnf ai-o me "Omc e." tug fe AmAC 
Ann fin 6, ■) tAifbeAn fe "06 CfAnn mof Aguf gAbloj Aif, -| x»ub- 
Aifc : " Ueifi$ f uAf Ann fin Aguf co*OAit m fAn n^ADlOis, Aguf 
bi f6i"6 le n-eif$e ua 5feme." 

Cuai-0 fe fuAf m fAn ngAblois, aCc torn IuaC Ajuf bi An feAn 
fig 'nA Co"olA"0, CAmi5 An mgeAn 65 Aguf tug AfceAC 50 feomfA 
bfeA$ e, Aguf ConjbAig fi Ann fin e 50 fAib An feAn fig Af ci 
eif$e: Ann fin Cuif fi e AmAC Afif 1 njAbtOis An Cf Ainn. 

te n-eif$e nA gfeine, tAimg An feAn fig Cuige Aguf "outJAifCj 

The King of the Black Desert. 3727 

" I will be satisfied," said he. 

" Now," said she, " upon your life do not tell my father that 
it was I who brought you to his house, and I shall be a good 
friend to you, but let on," said she, " that you have great 
powers of enchantment." 

" I will do as you say," says he. 

Then she made a swan of herself and said, " Leap up on 
my back and put your hands under my neck, and keep a 
hard hold." 

He did so, and she shook her wings, and off and away with 
her over hills and over glens, over sea and over mountains, 
until she came to earth as the sun was going under. Then 
she said to him, " Do you see that great house yonder? That 
is my father's house. Farewell. Any time you are in 
danger I shall be at your side." Then she went from him. 

The King's son came to the house and went in, and whom 
should he see sitting in a golden chair but the gray old man 
who had played the cards and the ball with him. 

" King's son," said he, " I see that you found me out before 
the day and the year. How long since you left home? " 

" This morning when I was rising out of my bed I saw a 
rainbow; I gave a leap, spread my two legs on it and slid 
as far as this." 

" By my hand, it was a great feat you' performed," said 
the old King. 

" I could do a more wonderful thing than that if I chose," 
said the King's son. 

" I have three things for you to do," says the old King, " and 
if you are able to do them you shall have the choice of my 
three daughters for wife, and unless you are able to do them 
you shall lose your head, as a good many other young men 
have lost it before you." 

Then he said, " there be's neither eating nor drinking 
in my house except once in the week, and we had it this 

" It's all one to me," said the King's son, " I could fast 
for a month if I were on a pinch." 

" No doubt you can go without sleep also," says the old King. 

" I can, without doubt," said the King's son. 

"You shall have a hard bed to-night, then," says the old 
King. " Come with me till I show it to you." He brought 
him out then and showed him a great tree with a fork in it, and 
said, " Get up there and sleep in the fork, and be ready with 
Hie rise of the sun." 

3728 ttrg Ati pAfAig "Ciub. 

" UAf AnuAf Anoif, i CAf tiom-fA 50 -ocAifbeAnfAit) me tjuic ^n 
nit) acA ajjat) te *oeunArii An-oiu." 

U115 fe ah mAC fig 50 bf uaC tocA -| tAif beAr> p6 i>& feAn-CAif- 
teAn, A^uf "oubAif c teif ,. " CAit jaC uite ctoc 'f^n £CAif teAn fin 
AtnAC 'fAn ^ oC 5 1 bio* fe x>euncA a^ati feAt mA > oc6i , deArm ati 
gfiAn pAoi, cfAtnonA." "ONmtig fe UAit> Ann fin: 

tofAig An niAC fig A5 obAif, acc bi nA ctoCA sfeAtnwgte "o'a 
Ceite Corn cfUAit) fin, nAf feu-o f£ Aon cloc aca x>o tosbAit, Aguf 
•oA mbeitteAt) fe aj; obAif 30 X)zi An tA f o, ni bei-oeAt) ctoC Af Ati 
jCAifteAn. Suit) fe fiof Ann fin A5 fmuAineAtj cfeAT) >oo but) 
coin "66 •oeunArh, Ajuf nion bfA*OA 30 T>cAinis ingeAn An cfeAn- 
fig cmje, -\ "oubAifc, " Ca-o e f At "oo bf oin ? " "O'lnnif fe tri An 
ot>Aif "oo bi Ai£e te "oeunAtn: " 11a ctnneAt> fin bfon ofc ; "oeun- 
f Ait) mife e," Af fife: -Ann fin tu$ fi AfAn, niAifcfeoit t fion 
•06, tAff Aing AmAC f tAicin T)f aotocacca, buAit btntte Af An c-feAn- 
CAifteAn, A$uf fAoi ceAnn moimiT) bi 5AC uite Ctoc "oe Af bun 
An tocA: " -Anoif," Af fife, " nA b-mnif t>o m'AtAif guf mife T)0 
finne An obAif tunc." 

tluAif bi An gfiAn Ag -out faoi, cfAtnOnAj tAimg An feAn fig 
Aguf t)ut)Aifc : " "peicini 50 bfuit "o'obAif tAe *oeuncA aja-o." 

" CA," Af fAn niAC fig, " C15 Horn obAif a^ bit "oer "oeunArn." 

SAOit An feAn fig Anoif 50 fAib cutfiACC mOf 'OfAoi'oeACcA A5 
An mAC fig, A5,uf "oubAifC teif, " Se "o'obAif tAe AmAf aC nA cIoca 
•00 tOgbAit Af ax\ toe, Agtif An CAifteAn "oo cuf Af bun mAf bi 
rt ceAnA." 

tug fe An niAC fig A-bAite A^uf TDubAifC teif, " Ceifig "oo 
to-oLA-6 'f An aic a f Aib cu An oit)Ce Afeif ." 

HuAif cuai"6 An feAn-fig 'nA tox>lAt> tAim^ An mgeAn 05 <A5tif 
tug AfceAO e cum a feomfA fem, Aguf CongbAig Ann fin e 50 
fAib An feAn fig Af ci eifge Af mAToin ; Ann fin cuif fi AniAC 
Afif 6 1 nsAblOig An cfAinn." 

te ti-eifi$e ua ^feine. tAim^ An feAn fig "\ "oubAifC : " UA fe 
1 n-Am "ouic "out,, ^cionn D'oibfe." 

" tli'L -oeifif Af bic Of m," a\\ fAn niAC fig, " mAf cA fiof AjAm 
50 "ocig tiom m obAif tAe "oeunAm 50 fei"6." 

Cuato fe 50 bfUAC An tocA Ann fin, acc niof feut) f6 ctot 
•o'feiceAl, bi An c-uifje Com "oub fin. Suit) fe fiof Af CAff A15 ; 
A$uf niof bfAT)A 50 -ocAinij pionnguAtA, but) n-e fin Ainm mgme 
An cfeAn fig, tuise, Aguf "oubAifc : " CAt) za ajatj te •oeunAtfi 
An-oui % " T>'inniv fe t)i, Aguf "oubAifc fi : " X\A biot) bf on ofc ; 
C15 tiom-fA An obAif fin "OeunArii t)uic." -Ann fin tug fi t)d 
AfAn, mAift-feoil, A3Uf CAOif-feOit Ajuf fiom -Ann fin tA^ Ain$ 
fi AmAC An CftAicin x>f AoiteACCA, buAit uifje An toCA teite, Aguf 

The King of the Black Desert^ 3729 

He went up into the fork, but as soon as the old King was 
asleep the young daughter came and brought him into a fine 
room and kept him there until the old King was about to rise. 
Then she put him out again into the fork of the tree. 

With the rise of the sun the old King came to him and 
said, " Come down now, and come with me until I show you 
the thing that you have to do to-day." 

He brought the King's son to the brink of a lake and showed 
him an old castle, and said to him, " Throw every stone in 
that castle out into the loch, and let you have it done before 
the sun goes down in the evening." He went away from him 

The King's son began working, but the stones were stuck to 
one another so fast that he was not able to raise one of them, 
and if he were to be working until this day, there would not 
be one stone out of the castle. He sat down then, thinking 
what he ought to do, and it was not long until the daughten 
of the old King came to him and said, " What is the cause of 1 
your grief? " He told her the work which he had to do. " Let 
that put no grief on you, I will do it," said she. Then she 
gave him bread, meat, and wine, pulled out a little enchanted 
rod, struck a blow on the old castle, and in a moment every 
stone of it was at the bottom of the lake. " Now," said she, 
" do not tell my father that it was I who did the work for you." 

When the sun was going down in the evening, the old King 
came and said, " I see that you have your day's work done." 

" I have," said the King's son; " I can do any work at all." 

The old King thought now that the King's son had great 
powers of enchantment;, and he said to him, " Your day's 
work for to-morrow is to lift the stones out of the loch, and to 
set up the castle again as it was before." 

He brought the King's son home and said to him, " Go to 
sleep in the place where you were last night." 

When the old King went to sleep the young daughter came 
and brought him into her own chamber and kept him there 
till the old King was about to rise in the morning. Then 
she put him out again in the fork of the tree. 

At sunrise the old King came and said, "It's time for you! 
to get to work." 

"There's no hurry on me at all," says the King's son, 
" because I know I can readily do my day's work." 

He went then to the brink of the lake, but he was not able 
to see a stone, the water was that black. He sat down on a 
rock, and it was not long until Finnuala — that was the name 

3730 ttig An £apai$ t)tiib: 

pAoi teAnn moimit) bi ah peAn-CAipteAn Att bun mAp bi pe An tA 
poime. Ann fin -oubAipc pi teip : " An "©'AnAm, nA n-innip "oo 
m'AtAin 50 n'oeApnAi'o mipe An obAip peo "owe, n6 50 bpuit eotAp 
An bit a^ax> opm." 

CpAtnonA An tae pm, tAinij; An peAn ni$ Ajjur -DubAinc, " "peicim 
50 bpuit obAin An tAe *oeuncA av;at)" 

" €A," An fAn mAc pig, " obAip poi-tteuncA i pm ! " 

Ann pm pAOit An reAn nig 50 pAib niop mo curhACC •onaoi'O- 
eACcA A5 An mAc nig 'nA t)o bi Aige pern, Agup -oubAipc pe : " tti't 
acc Aon put) eite A5A0 te •oeutiAtfi." tug pe A-bAite Ann fin e, -j 
Cuip pe 6 te co'otA'o 1 ngAbtoij; An CpAinn, aCc tAimj; ponnguAtA 
1 tuip pi m a peompA pein e, Agup An mAiT>in, Cuip pi ahiac Apip 
An An gcnAnn e. te n-eipje ha gneme, tAinig An peAn pig ctnge 
Agup -oubAinc teip : " Cap tiom 50 "ocAip beanpAit me "guic 
•o'obAip tAe." 

tJug pe An ttiAC nig 50 gteAnn mop, Aj;up tAipbeAn -06 cobAp, •; 
•oubAinc : " CaiU, tno mAtAip-mOp pAinne in fAn cobAp fin, Agup 
pAg tAm e peAt mA "ocei-o An gpiAn fAoi, CpAtnonA." 

Anoip bi An cobAp fo ceuT> cpoig Af "ooimne A$up pice cpoig 
cimCiott; Aguf bi pe tioncA te ti-uipse, Agup bi Antn Af ippionn a$ 
pAipe An pAinne. 

tluAip "o'ltntig An peAn pig, tAmij ponnguAtA A^up typiAppuig,- 
" Cat> cA ajat) te "oeunAtn AnTnu ? " 'O'mmp pe tti, Agup "oubAipc 
pi, " 1p "oeACAip An obAip i pm, acc "oeunpAitt me mo "oitCiott te 
■oo beAtA t)o fAbAit." An fin tug fi x>6 mAipcpeoit, Af An, Agup 
pion. Tlmne pi pixieAt * "oi pem A^up Cuai* piop 'pAn cobAp.' 
Tliop bpAT)A 50 bpACAit) pe x>eACAC Agup cinnceAt A5 ceACC AmAC 
Af An cobAp, Agup copAn Ann mAp coipneAC ApT>, Agup -ouine a^ 
bit "oo beit)eAt) A5 eipceACC teip An copAn pm pAoitpeAt) p6 50 
pAib Apm ippinn A5 cpoit). 

"Paoi CeAnn CAmAitt, "o'lmtig An "oeACAt, coipg An cinnceAC A^up 
An coipneAC, Ajup tAimg "pionngUAtA Aniop teip An bpAmne; 
SeACAi-o pi An pAmne "oo rhAC An pig, Agup -oiibAipc pi : " 5 not ' A1 S 
me An CAt, *j cA t>o beAtA pAbAtcA, a6z peuC, cA tAitipcin mo 
tAime "oeipe bpipce. Ate b'ei-oip gup A"0AmAit An ni-0 jup bpip- 
eA"6 e; TluAip tiucpAp m'AtAip, nA CAbAip An pAinne t)6, acc 
bAgAip 6 50 cpuAit). t)eAppAit> pe tu Ann pin te ■oo beAn -oo 
togAt), Agup peo An Caoi -OeunpAp cu -oo pojA. t)eit> mipe A^,vf 
mo -OeipbpiupAtA 1 peompA, beit> pott a\< An "oopAp, -j cuippimi-o 
uiLe Ap tAttiA AmAt mAp Cpuimipgin. Cmppit cupA "oo tAm cpi-o 
An bpott, Ajjup An tAm CongboCAp cu speim uippi nuAip pop^OtAit) 

* Ui-oeAC no ^u'^oeAc = " Cjiocac mAt<D," fojtc ein mrse- 

The King of the Black Desert. 3731 

of the old King's daughter — came to him and said, " What 
have you to do to-day? " He told her, and she said, "Let 
there be no grief on you. I can do that work for you." Then 
she gave him bread, beef, mutton, and wine. After that she 
drew out the little enchanted rod, smote the water of the lake 
with it, and in a moment the old castle was set up as it had 
been the day before. Then she said to him — " On your life, 
don't tell my father that I did this work for you, or that you 
have any knowledge of me at all." 

On the evening of that day the old King came and said, 
" I see that you have the day's work done." 

" I have," said the King's son, " that was an easy-done job." 

Then the eld King thought that the King's son had more 
power of enchantment than he had himself, and he said, " You 
have only one other thing to do." He brought him home then, 
and put him to sleep in the fork of the tree, but Finnuala came 
and put him in her own chamber, and in the morning she 
sent him out again into the tree. At sunrise the old King came 
to him and said : " Come with me till I show you your day's 

He brought the King's son to a great glen, and showed him 
a well, and said, " My grandmother lost a ring in that well, and 
do you get it for me before the sun goes under this morning." 

Now, this well was one hundred feet deep and twenty feet 
round about, and it was filled with water, and there was an 
army out of hell watching the ring. 

When the old King went away Finnuala came and asked, 
" What have you to do to-day? " He told her, and she said, 
" That is a difficult task, but I shall do my best to save your 
life." Then she gave him beef, bread, and wine. Then she 
made a sea-bird of herself, and went down into the well. 
It was not long till he saw smoke and lightning coming up 
out of the well, and (he heard) a sound like loud thunder, and 
anyone who would be listening to that noise he would think 
that the army of hell was fighting. 

At the end of a while the smoke went away, the lightning 
and thunder ceased, and Finnuala came up with the ring. 
She handed the ring to the King's son, and said, " I won 
the battle, and your life is saved. But, look, the little finger 
of my right hand is broken; but perhaps it is a lucky thing 
that it was broken. When my father comes do not give him 
the ring, but threaten him stoutly. He will bring you then 
to choose your wife, and this is how you shall make your 
choice. I and my sisters will be in a room, there will be a 

3732 ,tti$ -An £AfAi$ ^ U1 ^. 

m'AtAin An *oonAf, if i fin LArri Ari c6 oei-oeAf a^a-o mAn?mnAO*,j 
U15 teAC mife -o'Aicne An mo tAi-Oincin bnifce." 

" U15 tiom, Aguf 5f A "° ™° cnoi'de tu, a pionnguAtA," An fAn 
tnAc f.15: 

UnAtnonA An tAe fin, taims An feAn-ni$ A^uf "o'viAtnuis : " An 
opuAin cu pAinne rno ™& tA V- moine ? ' 

" puAineAf 50 •oeirhin," An fAn mAC nig ; " oi Anm '5A CunroAC 
Af ipnionn, aCc ouAit mife iat>, Aguf ouAitpmn a -peACC n-oineAt>: 
tlAc opuit piof AgA-o gun ConnACcAC tn6 ? " 

" CAttAin -dAm An pAmne," An fAn T eAn 1^5-' 

"go "oeimm, ni tmonA-o," An f eif eAn ; ; ' cnoi"o me 50 cnuAi-6 
An a fon ; acc cAOAin "OAtfi-fA mo t>eAn. UeAfCAig' uAim t>eifc Ag 

tug An reAn ni§ AfceAC e, Aguf >ouDAinc, " O mo tniun ingean 
'fAn reomnA fin ro' tACAifj O tArii -^a6 Aom aca fince auiac,' 
Agup An ce CongooCAf cu gneim uinni 50 opofsotAi-o mire An 
•oonAf, fin i "oo oeAn." 

Cuin An mAC nig a t£rh cni"o An bpott -oo ni An An nonAf, A^uf 
£UAin fe Sfeim An tAim An tAituncin onifce, Aguf const)Ai$ gneim 
cnuArO Ain, gun fofSAit An reAn nig -oonAf An cfeomnA: 

" 'S i reo mo oeAn," An fAn mAC nij ; " cAUAin "OAm Anoif fpn6 

" tli't -oe f pne aici te pAgAit aCc CAOit-eAc t>onn te fio "no 
tAOAinc AOAite, Agur nAn casai-o p» W Ai r> t>eo nA mAnti, 50 
•oeo ! " 

Cuai-o An m-Ac nig 1 fionnguAtA An mAncuigeACc An An gcAoa- 
eAC -oonn ; Ajur nion opA-OA 50 •©cAn^A'DAn 50 -oci An Coitt 'n An 
■pAg An mAC ni$ a cu Aguf a feAt>Ac: t)i fiAT> Ann rm noime, mAn 
Aon te ua CApAll bneAg "dud: Cuin re An c-eAC caoI -oonn An 
Air Ann fin: Cuin re ponnjuAlA A5 mAncuigeACc An a CApAlty 
A$up I6im r uA f> ^ P e1t1 > 

A cu te n-A coif 
A feAbAC A|l a botf, 

A^uf nion fCA-o re 50 "ocAims re 50 "RAt CnuACAm: 

t)i fAitce mon noime Ann rm, Asuf nion tvpA'OA gun p6fA* 6 
•pem Agur ponnguAtA. CAit fiAT> X)e&t& pA"OA feunrhAn, — aCc if 
beA5 mA ca tofg An cfeAn-CAifteAin te f AjAit Ant)iu 1 HAt-CnuAC- 
Ain ConnACC; 

The King of the Black Desert. 3733 

hole in the door, and we shall all put our hands out in a 
cluster. You wall put your hand through the hole, and the 
hand that you will keep hold of when my father will open 
the door that is the hand of her you shall have for wife. You 
can know me by my broken little finger." 

" I can; and the love of my heart you are, Finnuala," says 
the King's son. 

On the evening of that day the old King came and asked, 
" Did you get my grandmother's ring? " 

"I did, indeed," says the King's son; "there was an army 
out of hell guarding it, but I beat them; and I would beat 
seven times as many. Don't you know I'm a Connachtman? " 

" Give me the ring," says the old King. 

"Indeed I won't give it," says he; "I fought hard for it; 
but do you give me my wife, I want to be going." 

The old King brought him in and said, " My three daughters 
are in that room before you. The Hand of each of them is 
stretched out, and she on whom you will keep your hold until 
I open the door, that one is your wife." 

The King's son thrust his hand through the hole that was 
in the door, and caught hold of the hand with the broken 
little finger, and kept a tight hold of it until the old King 
opened the door of the room. 

" This is my wife," said the King's son. " Give me now 
your daughters fortune." 

" She has no fortune to get, but the brown slender steed 
to bring you home, and that ye may never come back, alive 
or dead! " 

The King's son and Finnuala went riding on the brown 
slender steed, and it was not long till they came to the wood 
where the King's son left his hound and his hawk. They were 
there before him, together with his fine black horse. He sent 
the brown slender steed back then. He set Finnuala riding 
on his horse, and leaped up himself. 

His hound at his heel, 
His hawk on his hand, 

and he never stopped till he came to Rathcroghan. 

There was great welcome before him there, and it was not 
long till himself and Finnuala were married. They spent a 
long prosperous life; but it is scarcely that (even) the track 
of this old castle is to be found to-day in Rathcroghan of 



A ©5AtiAi$ An cm CeAtisAitxe, 

A o5^hai$ An Ciiil CeAngAitxe 

le a ttAib me reAl i n-emfeACc,' 

CuAlt) CU 'fXfelft, At1 beAlAc fO, 

'S ni tAmi5 cu "oo m'feucAinc. 
SaoiI me r»A6 n'oeunpAi'de -oocAn *6uic 

"OA "OCiucfA, A'f me "o' lAn^Ai*, 
'S sun b'i t>o iboisin CAbAinpeA-6 rolAf 

"OA mbeTOinn 1 tAn An £iAbp.Air. 

X)A mbeitteA-o mAoin AgAin-f a 

Agur AingeAt) Ann mo poc& 
"OeunpAmn boiCnin AiC-5ionp.AC 

go "oo|\Af ci$e mo fcoifvin, 
tTlAn fuit te "Oia 50 5-cttnnntMiin-fe 

ConAnn binu a bnoige, 
'S if ?at> An IA 6 coT)Ait me 

Ace as ruM te blAf x>o poige. 

A'f fAoit me a rcoifiin 

50 mbu-6 geAtAC Ajur gniAn tu > 
A'f fAoit me 'nnA "6iai§ fin 

go mbu-6 yneAttA Ap. An crUAb cttj 
A'r fAoit me 'nn a -Oiai$ fin 

50 mbtit) tocttAnn o "Oia Cu, 
tlo 511^ Ab cu An neulc-eolAif 

A5 'out nomAm A'r mo "OiAig cus 

$eAtt cu riooA 'r fAian "OAm 

CAllAi'Oe 'r bf6gA A|\-oa, 
A'f geAtt cu CAn eif fin 

50 teAnp A cm'T) An cfnAtii me? 
fli rtiAn fin acA me 

Ace mo fgeAC 1 mbeul beArtnAj 
5aC noin A'f 5.4c mAi"om 

As peucAinc cige m' AtAn^ 



[Translated by Douglas Hyde in " Love Songs of Connacht."] 

Ringleted youth of my love, 

With thy locks bound loosely behind thee, 
You passed by the road above, 

But you never came in to find me ; 
Where were the harm for you 

If you came for a little to see me ; 
Your kiss is a wakening dew 

Were I ever so ill or so dreamy. 

If I had golden store 

I would make a nice little boreen 
To lead straight up to his door, 

The door of the house of my storeen ; 
Hoping to God not to miss 

The sound of his footfall in it, 
I have waited so long for his kiss 

That for days I have slept not a minute. 

I thought, O my love ! you were so — 

As the moon is, or sun on a fountain, 
And I thought after that you were snow, 

The cold snow on top of the mountain ; 
And I thought after that you were more 

Like God's lamp shining to find me, 
Or the bright star of knowledge before, 

And the star of knowledge behind me. 

You promised me high-heeled shoes, 

And satin and silk, my storeen, 
And to follow me, never to lose, 

Though the ocean were round us roaring; 
Like a bush in a gap in a wall 

1 am now left lonely without thee, 
And this house, I grow dead of, is all 

That I see around or about me. 


comnfn riA H-Aicinne.* 

A bfAT) 6 fom, m fan c-feAn-Aimfin, bi bAincneAbA6 "OAnb 1 
Ainm D|M'$1"0 Hi $f.AT>Ai3, nA comnui'de 1 5Con"OAe nA 5Aittime: 
t)i Aon rhAC ArhAin aici -OAf b'Ainm Ca'Os: Hu3A"6 e mi CAn eif 
bAif a AtAn 1 tAf coitte bije Aicinne "oo bi A3 fAf An CAOib cnuic 
1 n3An T>o'n ci£; An An A-obAf fin, S^P nA "OAome Coinnin tia 
b- Aicinne mAn teAf-Amm Ain. 1 tAinig cinneAf obAnn An ad mnAoi 
bonic nuAin bi fi A3 feOtAt) tia mbo fUAf An tAoib An Cnuic; 

TluAin nugAt) Ua"6s bi fe 'nA nAorbeAUAn bneAg, Aguf meAT>Ai3 
fe 50 niAit 50 nAib f e ceicne btiA^OnA "o'Aoif, acc o'n Am fin AmAC 
nion fAf fe ofOtAC 50 nAib fe cni btiA"onA "oeus, no nion Cuin fe 
cor fAoi te coifceim "oo fiubAt,- acc T>'feu , ofA"o fe imceACc 50 
CApA 50 teOn An a *0a tAim Aguf An a tAoib fiAn, A 5 u f "°^ 3ctum- 
f eAt> fe Aon T>ume A3 ceACc cum An age, *oo buAitpeAt) fe a "6a 
tAim fAoi, Aguf ■oo nACATi fe "o'Aon teim AriiAin o'n ceme 50 *oci 
An -oonAf ; Agur "oo CuinreA-o ceu-o mite p^itce noim An ce tAmig. 
t)i seAn m6n A3 Aoif 615 An bAite Ain,' mAn "oo geibeAt) fiAt> sneAnn 
m6n Af, sac uite oi-OOe: O'n Am bi fe feACc mbtiAt>nA "o'Aoif, bi 
fe "oeAftAmAC A3Uf ufAiT>eAC t>'A mAcAin, Aguf td'a riiACAin-mOin 
•oo bi 'nA comnui-oe 1 n-Aon C15 teif: 1n fAn brogitiAn, cerbeAt) 
re An a tAmAib Aguf a\\ a CAoib-fiAn fUAf An tAoib An Cnuic, t 
bio-0 A3 ice btAC nA b-Aicmne mAn jjAbAn: t)i AbAnn beAg Ann, 
1-oin An ceAC A^ur An cnoc, A^ur vo nACA* re "oe teim tAn An 
AbAinn Com b-AeneAC te ^einnpiA-bj 

t>u"6 feAn-jo^AToe An mAtAin-mon. "bi ri bo"6An Agur beA^-nAC 
bAtb, Agur b'lonrOA cnoiT5 no bio-0 aici pem Aguf Ag Ua-O^.- 

-Aon t& AmAm, "oubAinc An rhAtAin te UAt>5, '- CAitpit* me, a 
tAi-o^in, coin teAtAin cun An "oo bnircib ; t& me f^niofCA A5 
ceAnnAC bneroin, A^uf nuAin bei"OeAf fe "oeuncA AgAm cAitfit) cu 
•out 30 CAittiun te ceifo "o'f o$tuim." 

" "OAn m'p ocAt," a\\ f a Ua"03, " ni ti-e fin An ceift) bei-OeAf 
A^Am: tli't in fAn c^ittiun aCc An nAorhAt) cuit) "o'feAf: Vf\A 
tu^Ann cu ceint) An bit "OAm, "oeun piobAife ibiom — ca fpeif mOf 
AgAm m fAn ^ceot." 

" t)io-6 mAf fin," Af fAn mAcAif: 

An tA 'nA "diAig fin, Cuai* fi Cum An bAite mOif teif An teACAn 
T>'f A^Ait,- A^uf nuAif f uAif buAtAittit) beA^A An bAite 30 f Alb An 
mACAin imtigce, fUAf At>Af poc SAbAif "oo bi A3 p^itrin IDacaC O 
CeAttAis, A3Uf Cuif fiAt) Coifnin A3 mAfctngeACc Aif: x\f 50 

* 6 Pfiotnpar O ConticuttAiji no fuaiji me &n fseAt ro. 


(Translated by Douglas Hyde.) 

Long ago, in the olden time, there was a widow, whose name 
was Bridget 'Grady, living in the County Galway. She had 
an only son, whose name was Teig. He was born a month 
after his father's death in a little wood of furze that was grow- 
ing on the side of a hill near the house. For that reason the 
people called him " Coirnin* of the Furze " as a nickname. 
The poor woman was suddenly taken ill as she was driving 
the cows up the side of the hill. 

When Teig was born he was a fine infant, and grew well 
till he was four years of age, but from that time on he did not 
grow an inch until he was thirteen, nor did he put a foot under 
him to walk a step, but he was able to go quickly enough on 
his two hands and his back, and if he would hear anyone 
coming to the house he would strike his two hands under him, 
and would go of a single leap from the fire to the door, and 
he would put a hundred thousand welcomes before whoever 
came. The youth of the village liked him greatly, for they 
used to get great amusement out of him every night. From 
the time he was seven years of age he was handy and useful 
to his mother, and to his grandmother who was living in the 
one house with him. In the harvest time he used to go on 
his hands and his back up the side of the hill, and he used to 
be eating the furze blossoms like a goat. There was a little 
river on it there, between the house and the hill, and he used 
to go over the river of a leap, as airy as a hare. 

The grandmother was a silty old woman ; she .was deaf and 
almost dumb, and many was the fight herself and Teig used 
to have. 

One day the mother said to Teig, " Teigeen, I must put a 
leather seat on your breeches : I'm destroyed buying frieze, and 
as soon as I have it done, you must go to a tailor to learn a 

" By my word." says Teig. " that is not the trade I'll have. 
A tailor is only the ninth part of a man. If you give me a 
trade at all, make a piper of me. I've a great liking for the 

"Let it be so," savs the mother. The day after that she 
went to the town to get the leather, and when the little lads of 

* Pronounced : Curneen." T . , _ . __ , _ 

Irish Lit. Vol. io— C 

3738 Coinnin nA h-xMcmne: 

bnAt teif An bpoc, A35 rneiplc corn n-Anx) Aguf "o'ireuT) f e, -j Coinnin 
An a mum Ag fsneATMoit mAn -bume Af A ceYtt, te fAicciof 50 
•ocuicfeA'b fe, A^uf buACAittit) ah bAite 'nA , 6iai$. tug An poc 
c$Ait) An bot.5n pAroin, Aguf nuAin connAinc p^i-oin An poc -j 
a riiAnrAC a$ ceAcc, fAoit fe £un b'e An feAti-buACAitt -oo bi Ag 
acacc 'nA comne. flion fiubAit pAiTiin coifceim te feACc mbtiA-o- 
AnAiO noime fin, acc, nuAin connAinc fe An poc A5 teACc ArceAC 
An An "oonAf, cuato re "d'aou terni awiac An An btuinneoij;, Aguf 
&Ain re An nA comAffAnnAib e ■oo fAbAit o'n -oiAbAt -oo 01 'nA 

t)i nA buACAitU'd a$ gAini-oe -j at; jneA-OAt) bof gun cuin fiAT> 
An poc An mine, Agnr awiac Anif teif Af An ceAC; tluAin ConnAinc 
pAix)in e A5 ceACc An T>AnA uAin, Ar 50 bnAt teir, Aguf An poc 
Ajuf Coinnin An a mum 'nA "oiai*; t)i a-oahca f at>a An An bnoc,- 
Ajuf bi sneim An fin bAi*6ce A5 Coinnin onnA: Uu$ pAroin ajai-0 
An ^Aittim, Agiif An poc t>'a teAnAtfiAinc. T)'einig An gAin Agur 
tAinis "OAome nA mbAitce An $ac CAOib T>e'n bbtAn AniAC, Agur a 
teitero "oe gAntAoit ni nAib AniAm 1 5conT>Ae nA 5 A1 ttime. Hion 
fCAT) pAi-oin 30 n"oeA6Ai"6 re AfceAC 1 gCAtAin nA ^Aittime Agur 
An poc -] a rftAncAC te nA fAtAib: but) tA niAngAro e Aguf bi nA 
rnAit>eAnnA tioncA te "OAoinib; CofAig pAi"oin A5 5tAot)AC A^ur 
A5 gAntAoit a^ nA "OAomib e "oo fAbAit Agur bi fiAT)-f An Ag T)eunAm 
niAgAi-b fAoi; Cuai* re fUAf rnAi*o Aguf AnuAr rnAi*o eite A^uf 
bi A5 imteACC 50 nAib An gniAn A5 *out fAoi 'fan Cf&tnbnA. 

ConnAinc Coinnin ubtA bneA$A An 6tAn, A^ur reAn-beAn AnAice 
te6, A^uf tAimg -ouit n'ion, Ain, ciht) "oe nA n-ubtAib "oo beit Aigej 
SgAoit re a $neim An A"OAncAibAn pmc A^uf cuato fe *oe terni a\\ 
CtAn nA n-iibAtt; .Ar 50 bnAt teif An c-reAn-beAn Aguf "o'rAS 
ri nA b-ubtA 'nA "OiAig, bin bi ri teAt-n'iAnb teif An fgAnnf At). 

tlion bfAT>A bi Coifnin A5 ite nA n-ubAtt nuAif tAimg a niAtAin 
1 tAtAif, Aguf nuAif ConnAinc fi Coifnin, geAnn fi tofg nA cnoife 
tnnni fein, i "oubAifc, " 1 n-Amm "Oe, a Coifnin, cat) "oo tug Ann 
f o tu 5 

" fiACfuij fin "oe pAi-oin O CeAttAiJ Aguf T)'a poc gAbAif ; ca 
An c-At) ofc, a ifiAtAin, nAt bruit mo mumeut bnipce." 

Cuif fi Coifnin AfceAC m a pfAirge Aguf tug AgAit) An An 

ACc if AifceAC An ni"b tAftA t>o pAi*oin O CeAttAig. ITuAif 
fgAn Coifnin teif An bpoc, teAn fe pAix>in AmAt Af ati mbotAj\ 
mbf, tAini^ fUAf teif, cuin a t)A At)Aifc caoi, CaiC An & t>nuim 6, 
A5Uf niof feAf 50 X)CAim5 fe A-bAite.- tuiftmg pAi-oin A5 An 
•oon^f, Aguf tuic An poc mAfb Af ah CAinfi$. CuAit) pAi-oin 'nA 
eox>tA-o,' oin bi fe teAt-mAfb A5Uf bi fe niAtt 'fAn oit»ee, Asuf 

Coirnin of the Furze; 373S 

the village found that the mother was gone, they got a buck 
goat that belonged to lame Paddy Kelly, and they put Coirnin 
riding on it. Off and away with the buck, bleating as loud as 
he could, and Coirnin on his back screeching like a person out 
of his senses, with fear lest he should fall, and the boys of 
the village after him. The buck faced for Paddy's cottage; 
and when Paddy saw the buck and his rider coming he thought 
that it was the old boy that was coming for him. Paddy had 
not walked a step for seven years before that, but when he saw 
the buck coming in at the door he went of a single leap out 
through the window, and called on the neighbors to save him 
from the devil that was after him. 

The boys were laughing and clapping their hands till they 
set the buck mad, and off again with him, out of the house. 
When Paddy saw him coming the second time, off and away 
with him, and the buck with Coirnin on his back after him. 
There were long horns on the buck, and Coirnin had the 
" drowning man's grip " on them. Paddy faced for Galway, 
with the buck following him. The cry rose, and the people of 
the villages on each side of the road came out, and such shouting 
there never was before in the County Galway. Paddy never 
stopped till he came into the City of Galway, and the buck and 
his rider at his heels. It was a market day, and the streets were 
filled with people. Paddy began crying and yelling on the 
people to save him, and they were making a mock of him. 
He went up one street and down another street, and he was 
going until the sun was setting in the evening. 

Coirnin saw fine apples on a board, and an old woman near 
them, and there came a great wish on him to have a share of 
the apples. He loosed his grasp on the buck's horns, and went 
with a leap on the board of apples. Away for ever with the 
old woman, and she left the apples behind her, for she was 
half dead with the fright. 

It was not long that Coirnin was eating the apples, when 
his mother came by, and when she saw Coirnin she cut th9 
sign of the Cross on herself, and* she said — " In the name of 
God, Coirnin, what brought you here ?" 

" Ask that of Paddy Kelly and his buck goat ; there's luck 
on you, mother, that my neck is not broken." 

She put Coirnin into her apron and faced for home. 

But it's curious the thing that Happened to Paddy Kelly. 
When Coirnin parted with the- buck, the animal followed Paddy 
out on the high road, came up with him, put his two horns under 
him, threw Paddy upon his own back, and never stood still. 

3740 Coinnin nA ti-Aicmne. 

ntiAin "o'einis fe &p mAi-om, ni nAib Ati poc te f .igAit beb n& mAnb ;" 
Ajuf "oubAinc ha x)4oiiie tnte 50 mbub poc -onAoibeACCA no tji 
Ann. An caoi An bit bus fe coifibeACc "oo "p^i-oin O CeAttAij;,- 
nux) nAC nAib Aige te feAcc mbtiAbnAib noime fins 

CtiAib An fseut unit) An cin, 50 scuAtAib 5A6 tnte feAf , beAn, -j 
pAifoe 1 5ConT)Ae nA 5 A1 ^ 1riie 6 > A 'S^T 1 f iombA cun-fiof "oo bi 
Ain, norni cnAtnonA An tAe fin. T)ubAint; cuto gun poc x>fAoib- 
eACcA x>o bi 1 bpoc pAi-oin, 7 50 nAib fe nAnnpAinceAb teif ; -oub- 
Ainc ctn-o eile 50 mbub feAf fibe Coinnin, Aguf 50 mbub coin 
a bc-SAbj 

An oibce fin, "o'lnnif Coinnin ti-tule nit) 1 "OCAOib nA caoi no 
tus An poc 50 gAitlirh e, *j tAimg nA buACAittib 50 ceAc t^nijit) 
tli 5nA"OAi$, Ajur bi gneAnn mbf aca A3 eifceACC te Coinnin Ag 
innpnc 1 "ocAoib nA mAncuigeAtCA "oo bi Aige 50 g^tim A V mum 
puic pAi-oin tli CeAttAig, Aguf jaC nib tAftA teif An feAb An 

An oibbe fin, nuAin cuAib Coinnin a^ a teAbuib, tAims bnon 
615m Ain, A3Uf 1 n-^ic coT>AtCA tof A15 re A3 feicnit: T)'fiApnui5 
a rh^tAin -be cneA-o "oo bi Ain: DubAinc feifeAn nAC nAib fiof 
Aige. " Tli't one acc f eAf bm," A V W e '■> " f cop ^o ctn "° feicnit, 1 
) teis T)uinn co-otAb." Ace nion fcop fe 50 mAi"oin: 

An mAimn nion feu-o fe 3feim "o'lte, A^uf t>ubAinc f6 te nA 
fhAtAin, " Ka6ax> AtriAC, 50 bfeicfib me An n-oeunf Ait> An c-Aen 
mAit bAm." " t)'eiT)in 50 n-oeunfAb," a^. fire: 

teif fin, biiAit fe a -6a tAim f aoi, A^uf cuAib "o'Aon teim AriiAin 

50 "oci An "oonAf , A^xif aitiaC teif 3 C115 fe A$Aib An nA n-AiceAn- 

hAib, t nion fUAT> 50 n-oeACAi-b fe AfceAC 'nA meAfs: Sin fe 6 

pem i*oin t>a fjeAC A^uf niof bfAT>A 50 f Aib fe 'nA co"OtA"b. t)i 

bfionstoi-o Ai^e 50 n Aib ah poc te n-A tAoib, A3 iAff ai*6 cAinc 

•oo Cuf Aif : t)infig f6, aCc 1 n-Aic An puic bi feAf bfeA$ sfuAgAt 

tAob teif, -J T>ubAifC fe, " A Coifnin, tiA biob eAgtA ofc fomAm- 

fA. 1f CAfAiT> me, *j z& mS Ann fo te coriiAifte t>o teAfA -oo 

tAbAi|\c "ouic, mA gtACAnn z,<\ tiAim i: Ua cu "oo CtAinineAC 6 

fugAb tti, 1 "oo Cuif-mAgAib A3 buACAittib An bAite: 1f mife An 

poc SAbAin "oo tug 30 5 A1 ^ 1 -' 1t "'" 1 tfl ) Atz ca me Atftngte Anoif 30 

•oci An mocc m a bfeiceAnn cu me: Hi feut)f Ainn An c-Atnu^Ab 

•o'fAgAit 30 "ocusfAinn An rhAncinseACc fin tduic, A3iif Anoif ca 

cOrhACc mbf A3Am: "O'f eu"op Ainn "oo teAf u§Ab Af bAtt, aCc "oeAf- 

f Ab nA cbrhAffAnnA 30 f Aib cu f Ann-pAinceAC teif nA fibe, Asuf 

ni feu-opA An bAfAifiAit fin bAinc "oiob: Za~ vu *oo ftube Anoif 

50 -oifeAC in fAn aic An f«3Ab tv, -j zS poCA bif 1 bfoi3feACC 

Cfoise T)0"o' tAoib-fiAf, aCc ni't zu te bAinc teif 30 foit, mAf 

ni feuT>fA OfAiT) mAit t)o beunAm be; Ueinig A-bAite Anoif A3Uf 

Af mAi*oin AmAf At, AbAif te x>o rhAtAin 30 f Aib bnion3t6iT) bfeig 

Coirnin of the Furze: 3741 

till he came home. Paddy came off at the door, and the buck 
fell dead at the threshold. Paddy went to sleep, for he was 
half dead and it was late in the night, and when he arose in 
the morning the buck was not to be got alive or dead; and 
all the people said that it was an enchanted buck that was in 
it. Anyway it gave power to walk to Paddy Kelly, a thing he 
had not had for seven years before that. 

The story went through the country till every man, woman, 
and child in the County of Galway heard it, and many was the 
version that was on it before the evening of that day. Some 
said it was an enchanted buck that Paddy had, and that he 
was in league with it; others said that Coirnin was a fairy 
man, and that it would be right to burn him. 

That night Coirnin told everything about the way the buck 
took him to Galway, and the boys came to Bridget O'Grady's 
house, and they had great fun listening to Coirnin telling 
about the ride that he had to Galway on the back of Paddy 
Kdlly's buck, and everything that happened him throughout 
the day. 

That night when Coirnin went to bed some sorrow came over 
him, and instead of sleeping he began sighing. His mother 
asked him what was on him. He said that he did not know. 

" There's nothing Gn you but nonsense," says she. " Stop 
that sighing and let us sleep." But he did not stop till morn- 

In the morning He was not able to eat a morsel, and he said 
to his mother — 

" I'll go out till I see if the air will do me good." 

" Maybe it would," says she. 

With that he struck his hands under him and went of one 
leap to the door, and out with him. He faced for the furze, 
and he did not stop till he came in amongst it. He stretched 
himself between two bushes, and it was not long till he was 
asleep. He had a dream that the buck was beside him trying 
to make him talk. He awoke, but instead of the buck there 
was a fine wizard man beside him, and he said, " Coirnin, 
don't be afraid of me ; I'm a friend, and I'm here to give you 
profitable counsel if you will take it from me. You are a 
cripple since you were born, and a laughing-stock to the boys 
of the village ; I am the buck goat that took you to Galway, 
but I am changed now to the form in which you see me. I 
was not able to get the change till I should have given you that 
ride, and now I have great power. I would have cured you on 
the spot, but the neighbors would have said that you were in 

3742 Coipnin nA b-Aicmne; 

•^Sat* 50 -p A1tt t«it» Ag -p^f te coip nA b-Aibne -do beuppA* piubAt 
Ajup tut t)uic ; AbAip An pu-o ceu-onA lei cpi riiAiT>in dn"oiAi5 a 
teile, A$up cpei*opi"6 -pi 50 bpuit pe pof TluAip -p^C^f cu A5 
cOpuigeAtc nA tuibe geobAi* cu 1 Ag p^f CAOb-fiop "oe'n tloit 
rfioip nigeAtAm aca A5 bpuAt nA n-Aibne ; CAbAip leAC 1 Agup 
bpuit T, A$up ol ^n puj, A^up beit) cu lonnAn p^p^ "oo pit AnA$ATO 
buAtAill Ap bit m pAn bpAppAipce. t)eit> longAncAp ^p nA "OAoimb 
1 t>copAt, Ate ni tfiAippit) pm A-bpAT>; t>eit> cu cpi btiA-OnA "oCas 
An tA pm. CAp 'p Ar > oittte Cum nA b-Aice peo ; beit Ati pocA 
oip cojtA AjAfn-pA, Ate a\^ *oo beACA congbAig "o'lnncwn AJ$AX> 
pern, Asup nA n-inmp t»o "buine a^ bit 50 bpACAi-6 cu rmpe.- 1mti$ 
Anoip; SlAn teAC." 

$eAll Coipnin 50 n-oeunpA-o pe gAt nit> "oubAipc An gpuAj;At 
beA5 Itip, -J tAinis pe A-bAile, lut$AipeAt 50 leOp. t)peAtnAi$ An 
mAtAip nAt pAib pe torn jpuAniAt Ajup bi pe put, mA n"oeAtAit> 
p6 AmAt, Agup -oubAipc pi, " SAoiUm, a true, 50 n-oeApnAit An 
c-Atp niAit tine." 

" Rtnne 50 X)eirinn," a^ peipeAn, " Agup CAbAip pu-o te n'lte 
■6 Am Anoip." 

An oit>Ce pm, 1 n-4ie -oo beit as peiepil, tor>Ail pe 50 bpeA$, 
A^up A\^ niAi"Oin TjubAipc pe te n-A mAtAip, " t)i bpionsltit) bpeA$ 
A^Arn Apeip, a mAtAip/' 

" tlA CAbAip Aon Aip-o a\\ bpionsltTO,'* Ap pAn mAtAip ; " 1p 
concpAtCA cuiceAnn piAT) AniAt." 

CaiC Coipnin An l& Ag pmuAineA* a^ An j;c6mpAt> t)0 bi Ai^e 
leip An n^puA^At beAj;, -j Ap An pATbbpeAp mop t>o bi le p^$Ait 
Aige: Ap mAiT>m, tA Ap ha mApAC, "oubAipc pe le n-A mAtAip, 
" t)i An bpionslOit) bpeAj pin A^Am Apeip Apif." 

" 50 meA-OAiji-t "Oia An rhAit, -j 50 tA$t)Ai$it) S6 An c-otc," a^ 
pAn mAtAip ; " tuAtAit) m6 50 mime t)A mbei-teAt An bpionslOTo 
CeAT>nA A5 "ouine cpi oit)ce An*oiAi$ a telle, 50 mbei-teA* pi piop." 

-An cpiorhAt) mAiT>m, "o'6ipi$ Coipnin 50 mot Agup "oubAipc pt 
te n-A mAtAip, " t)i An bpionslOit) bpe4$ pin A^Am Aptip Apip, 
Ajup, 6 tAptA 50 t)cAini5 pe tugAm cpi oTtte An"oiAi$ a teile, 
pAtAit mt te peutAinc bpuit Aon pipmn innci. ConnAipc mt tuib 
in mo bpionstoit) x>o bSAppAt) mo fiubAt A^up mo tut tAm." 

" An bpACAit) cu m pAn mbpionstti-o cA pAib An tuib Ag ?&V 2 - " 
Ap pAn m^tAip. 

" ConnApcAp 50 •oenfnn," a^ peipeAn ; " ca pi Ag ?&? cAob leip 
An sctoit mtip mgeAtAin aca a^ bpuAt ua n-Aibne." 

" 5° "oeimm, ni'l Aon tuib A5 \:^ AnAice leip An jjctoit m$- 
eAtAm," a\\ pAn mAtAip ; " bi me *p An A1C r in S° romic, Agup ni 
peu"opAt pi beit Ann A-^An-piop "OAm." 

Coirnin of the Furze. 3743 

league with the fairies, and you would not have been able to 
take that opinion from them. You are seated now in exactly 
the same spot you were born in, and there is a pot of gold 
within a foot of your back, but you are not to touch it yet, 
because you would not be able to make a good use of it. Go 
home now, and to-morrow morning tell your mother that you 
had a fine dream, that there was a herb growing beside 
the river that would bring walk and activity to you. Tell the 
same thing to her three mornings after each other, and she 
will believe that it is true. When you go seeking the herb, 
you will find it growing down from the big washing stone that 
is on the edge of the river. Take it with you, and boil it, and 
drink the juice, and you will be able to run a race against 
any boy in the parish. There will be wonder on the people 
at first, but that won't last long. You will be thirteen years 
old that day. Come in the night to this place. I will have the 
pot of gold lifted, but for your life keep your intentions to 
yourself, and don't tell any person at all that you saw me. Go 
now; farewell." 

Coirnin promised that he would do everything the little 
wizard man told him, and he came home joyous enough. The 
mother observed that he was not so gloomy as he was before 
he went out, and she said— 

" I think, son, the air did you good." 

" It did, indeed," says he, " and give me something to 
eat now." 

That night, instead of being sighing, he slept finely, and in 
the morning he said to his mother — " I had a fine dream last 
night, mother." 

" Don't give any importance to a dream," says the mother, 
" it's contrary they fall out." 

" Coirnin spent the day thinking on the discourse he had 
with the little wizard man and of the great riches he was to 
get. In the morning the next day he said to his mother — " I 
had that fine dream again last night." 

" May God increase the good and may He decrease the bad," 
says his mother. " I often heard that if a person had the same 
dream three nignts after other, it would be true." 

The third morning Coirnin got up early and said to his 
mother, " I had that fine dream again last night, and since 
it chanced that it came to me three nights after other I'll go 
to see if there is any truth in it. I saw an herb in my dream 
that would give my walk and my activity to me." 

3744 Column nA h-Aicinne: 

" b'ei-oif j;uf fAf fi Ann 6 f om," Aff a Coifnin, " Aj;uf f acai-o 
mife t>a cof AigeACc." 

£)tiAit fe a "6A tAim fAOi, Agtif cuato "o'Aon teim AmAm 50 t>ci 
An "oofAf, Aguf aitiaC teif. Tliof bfAT>A 50 fAib fe a$ An j;ctoic 
mjjeACAm, Aguf puAif fe An tuib. tug fe teimeAnnA niA)\ piAt) 
a mbei-OeAt) gAttAf '$a teAnAtfiAinc, A5 ceAtc A-bAite te ceAnn- 

" A mAtAif," An feireAn, " b'piof "OAm mo bnionstCro.- puAin 
me An tuib. Cuif fiof t)Am An pocA A^ur bftnt "OAm e." 

Cuif An mAtAif An tuib 'f Atl bpocA, Aj;uf cimciott cAfCA uifje 
teif, Aguf nuAin bi fi bfuitce Aguf An fu$ puAf, "o'6t Coifnin 
e. Hi fAib f6 mCimit) m a botg nuAif feAf fe fUAf An a cofAib 
Asur tofAi$ fe A5 fit fUAf A$uf AnuAf: t)i ionj;AncAf m6f An 
a rhAtAif. tofAi$ fi A5 CAbAifc mite gtoin Ajuf aIcu$a"o "do 
"Cma ; Ann r in $Ain fi Af r\A coriiAf f AnnAib Aj;uf "o'mnif "061b 
bnionjioiT) Coifnin, A^uf An caoi a bpuAif fe ufAit) a Cor. t)i 
tut$Aif e mon off a uite, niAf bi t>fi$i"o Hi $f A*oai£ 'ha coriiAff Ain 
rhAit Agur bi meAr aca uite uinni: 

An onDce fin, Cfumni£ buACAittit) An bAite AfceAC te tiitgAine 
•oo "oeunAtn te Coifnin Aguf te n-A mAtAif; tluAif bioT)Af uite 
A3 cOrhf A-6 cia fiubAtfAt) AfceAt acc pAi"oin O CeAttAig; "bi fiAt> 
uite A3 CAmc fAOi ah jcaoi a bpuAif Coinnin a fiubAt Aguf tut 
a cnAtfi. 

" 5° "oeitnin if T)Am-fA but) cOif "66 beit buit>eAC ; 'f 6 Ar> 
cf.AtA-0 "oo tug mo poc-$AbAin-fe "Oo "oo fmne An obAin, Aguf cA 
fiof A5 n-uite "ouine 30 "ocu3 An mAfCuigeACC t»o fmne fe, OfAiT) 
mO 6of Af Aif *OAm fein. Oc, mo bfOn ! 50 bptiAin mo poc bf.eA3 
bAf ! " 

" tu3 cu n-6iteAC," Af Coif nin, " 'p An ^ u1 b "oo teigeAf A13 me; 
Umne me bfionstoit) Cfi oit>ce AnrnAig a ceite 50 teigfeocAt) An 
tuib me, Aguf tig te mo mAtAif a CnotugAt) "50 f Aib me mo ctAif- 
ineAC CAf eif mo teAcc' 6 $Aittim, ^uf 6t me fug nA tuibe." 

" 'O'feu'OfAinn mo mionnA CAbAifc 50 bfuit mo mAC A5 mnfinc 
nA fininne ^tAine," Af fAn mAtAif. 

Ann fin tofAig cA6 A5 "oeunAim mAjAi-o fAOi "pAroin, gtif imti$ 
fe AttiAC. 

Cuai* sac mte ni"6 50 mAit te Coifnin Aguf te n-A mAtAif nA 
•O1A13 feo. Aon oittce AtriAin nuAif Cuai-O An mAtAif A^uf nA 
cOrhAffAnnA 'nA jjco-otA*-, Ouai'O Coifnin turn nA ti-Aicmne. t)i 
a CAfAi-o, An sfuAgAC beA^, Ann fin foime, A^uf bi An pocA Oif 
feit) -06. 

" Se6 liuic Anoif An pocA oif ; ctnf 1 "ocAif^e e 1 n-Aic a^ bit 
if coit teAC. UA An oifeAt) Ann Ajuf "beunfAf "ouic fAT» -oo 

Coirnin of the Furze. 3745 

"Did you see in your dream where the herb was growing?" 
says the mother. 

"I did, indeed," says he; "it's growing beside the big wash- 
ing stone that 's at the edge of the river. ' ' 

"Indeed there's no herb growing near the washing stone," 
says his mother. "I was in that place often, and it could not 
be in it unbeknownst to me." 

"Maybe it grew in it since," says Coirnin, "and I'll go to 
look for it. ' ' 

He struck his two hands under him, and went at one leap 
to the door, and out with him. It was not long till he was 
at the washing stone, and he found the herb. He gave leaps 
like a deer that a hound would be following, coming home with 
excessive joy. 

"Mother," says he, "my dream was true for me. I got the 
herb. Put down the pot for me, and boil it for me. ' ' 

The mother put the herb in the pot and about a quart of 
water with it, and when it was boiled and the juice cold, 
Coirnin drank it. It was not a moment inside him when he 
stood upon his feet and began running up and down. There 
was great astonishment on his mother. She began giving 
a thousand glories and praises to God. Then she called the 
neighbors and told them Coirnin 's dream and how he got the 
use of his feet. There was great joy on them all, for Bridget 
'Grady was a good neighbor, and they all had a regard for 

That night the boys of the village gathered in to make 
rejoicing with Coirnin and his mother. When they were all 
discoursing who should walk in but Paddy Kelly! They were 
all talking of how Coirnin got his walk, and the activity of 
his bones. 

"Indeed, it's to myself he has a right to be thankful; it's 
the jolting my buck goat gave him that did the work, and every- 
one knows that the ride he took gave me back the use of my feet 
again. Och ! my grief that my fine buck died ! ' ' 

"You lie!" says Coirnin; "it's the herb that cured me. I 
had a dream three nights after other that the herb would cure 
me, and my mother can prove it that I was a cripple after 
coming from Galway till I drank the juice of the herb." 

"I'd take my oath that my son is telling the clean truth," 
says his mother. Then each of the people began mocking 
Paddy, till he went out. 

Everything went well with Coirnin and his mother after 
that. One night, when his mother and the neighbors went 

3746 Coinnin nA ti-Aicinne: 

" SAOitim so-brAgfAit) me 6 in fAn bpott a fAib fe Ann,'* A|i 
fA Coinnin " acc beAffAit) me f omn "oe A-bAile tiom." 

" ttA CAbAif teAC p6f e, acc bio"6 bnionstbn) eile a^ax) mAn 
bi A5A"o ceAnA, Aguf, 'ha ttiAij; fin, cig teAC f omn "oe "oo CAbAifC 
teAC; CeAtinAig An CAtAm fo Aguf cuif ceAC aj\ bun in fan 
mbAtt An nugAt) tu, Aguf ni feicfit) cu f em nA Aon "ouine i n-Aon 
cig teAC, LA bocc fA"o *oo beACA: StAn teAC Anoif — ni feicfrO 
cu me niof mo." 

Cuif Coinnin An pocA fiof in fan bpott, Aguf cfeAfoj; or a 
cionn, Agtif tAinig fe A-bAite. 

An mAi-om, "oubAinc fe te n-A uiAcAif : " t)i bnionstoro eite 
AgAm Anein Anif," 7 An cneAr mAitnn, "oubAinc fe tei, " Ua mo 
bmongtoiT) rion Anoif gAn ArtinAf, bi fi AgAm Anein 50 "oineAC mAn 
bi fi AgAm An "oa uAin eite ; fin cni iiAine An"6iAi"6 a ceite, Aguf 
C15 tiom e feo mnreACc "ouic nAC bfeicfi*6 cu IS bocc fA*o -oo 
G^AtA,- aCc ni C15 tiom Aon nut) eite x>o nA"6 teAC t>'a caoi6." 

An orbce fin, cuato re cum An ;>oca Oin, ~\ tug tAn fponAin 
•oe AbAite teir, Aj;uf An mAi-om tug re ■oo'n rhAcAif e. " UA nior 
mo," At>eif f e, " m fAn Aic a "ocAinig fin Af, Agur seobAro me 
•6111c e nuAin beroeAr re A5 ceAfcAt uaic, acc nA cuif Aon ceifc 
onm "o'A tAoib." 

tlion bf at>a 'nA -6iAig feo; gun CeAnnAig "bnijit) Hi $nA*OAig bo 
bAinne 7 cuin Af feunAC i: Cuai* ri rem Aguf Coinnin Af ajai^ 
50 mAic, Aguf nuAin bi re pee btiA-oAn "o'Aoif, ceAnnAig f6 gAb- 
AlcAf mOn cAtitiAn cimtiott ua 1i-Aicinne, Agup cuin ceA6 b^eAg 
An bun A]\ An mbAtt An nugA-6 e. SeAt geAnn 'ua ^iaij rm pop 
fe beAn. t)i nunnigm mof Aige, Aguf nuAif fuAin fe bAf te feAn- 
Aoif, "o'fAs fe of Aguf AifgioT) Ag a ctomn, Aguf ni fACAro Aon 
■ouine "oo c6mnAi$ in fAn C15 fin tA bote AfiArii; 

Coirnin of the Furze.: 3747 

to sleep, Coirnin went to the furze. His friend the little 
wizard was there before him, and the pot of gold was ready 
for him. " Here now is the pot of gold for you, stow it away 
in any place you like ; there's as much in it as will do you 
throughout your life." 

" I think I'll leave it in the hole where it was," says Coirnin, 
" but I'll bring a share of it home with me." 

" Don't take it with you yet, but have another dream like the 
one you had already, and after that you can take a share with 
you. Buy this ground and set up a house on the spot where 
you were born, and neither you yourself nor anyone in the 
same house with you will ever see a day's poverty during your 
life. Farewell to you now; you shall see me no more." 

Coirnin put the pot down in the hole and clay on the top of 
it, and came home. 

In the morning he said to his mother — " I had another dream 
last night, but I won't tell it to you till I see if I will have it 
again three nights after other." 

" The second morning he said — " I had the dream again last 
night; " and the third morning he said to her — " My dream is 
true now without doubt. I had it last night just as I had it 
the two other times, that's three times alter one another, and I 
can tell you this — that you won't see a poor day during your 
life, but I cannot tell you anything else about it." 

That night he went to the pot of gold, and brought the full 
of a purse of it home with him, and in the morning he gave it 
to his mother. " I have more," says he, " in the place where 
that came from, and I'll get it for you when you'll be wanting 
it, but ask no question of me about it." 

It was not long after this till Bridget O'Grady bought a 
milch cow and put her on grass. She herself and Coirnin 
went on well, and when he was twenty years of age he bought 
a large holding of land round the furse, and set up a fine house 
on the spot where he was born. A short time after that he 
married a wife. He had a large family, and when he died of 
old age he left gold and silver to his children, and not a person 
who lived in that house saw a poor day ever. 


t>eAn An pn rttiAit)! 

"CA f\AX> "o'a pit) 

5uf cu rAitiii rocAin 1 mbnois," 
UA fiAt) "o'a nAt> 

gun cu beitin CAnA nA bpoj. 

UA f1AT) "o'A fAtJ 

4> mite 5fAt> 5° "° cu 5 ct * "O^m cut; 
Cit) 50 bptnt peAn te -pAgAit 

'S teir ah cAittiiin t)eAn An "fin "RuAit>3 

X)o tu^Af nAoi mi 

1 bpniorun, ceAn^Aitce cntiAro, 
t)otcAr6 An mo CAotAib 

A^ur mite star Af fut> ruAr, 
tADAfvpAinn--pe ntm 

111 An CADAfpAt) eAlA COIf CUAinj 

te -ponn "00 belt rince 

Sior te t)eAn An fin TUiArO. 

SAOit mire a ceuT)-feA|\c 

go mbeit)' Aon cigeAr i*oin me 'r tu 
SAOit me 'nnA *6ei$-rin 

50 mbneu^pA mo teAnti An -do $tuin3 
TTlAttACC "R15 tleime 

An An ce rm bAin t>iom-fA mo Ctu; 
Sin, Agur uite 50 tein 

tucc bneige ctnn i"oin me 'r tu. 

UA cnAnn Ann r An nsAintnn 

Ain a opAfAnn "otntteAbAn A'r btAt Duit)ej 
An uAin teAgAnn mo tAn'i Ain 

1r tAi-oin 11AC mbmreAnn mo cnoi*6e ; 
'S e rotAr 50 bAr 

A'r e "o'fAgAit o ptAiteAf AnuAr 
Aon poi5in AtfiAin, 

A'f e "o'^AgAit o t)eAn An pn ttiiAi"dj 

ACC 50 "OC15 tA AT\ CrAOgAlt 

'flnA neubjMn cnuic A^ur cuAin,- 
UuicpAit) rmihe An An ngnein 

'S beit) nA neuttCA Coin "oub teir An njuAtj 
"beiti An fAinge cinm 

A'r ciocrArO nA bnoncA 'r nA cnuAi$' 
9 S berO An cAittuin a 5 rj;neA , OAC 

An tA rm r. aoi "DeAii An 'fin Uuato: 


[Translated by Douglas Hyde in " Love Songs of Comiacht.^J 

'Tis what they say, 

Thy little heel fits in a shce, 
'Tis what they say, 

Thy little mouth kisses well, too. 
'Tis what they say, 

Thousand loves that you leave me to rna 5 
That the tailor went the way 

That the wife of the Red man knew. 

Nine months did I spend 

In a prison closed tightly and bound; 
Bolts on my smalls* 

And a thousand locks frowning around j 
Bur o'er the tide 

I would leap with the leap of a swan, 
Could I once set my side 

By the bride of the Red-haired man. 

I thought, O my life, 

That one house between us love would be | 
And I thought I would find 

You once coaxing my child on your knee ; 
But now the curse of the High One 

On him let it be, 
And on all of the band of the liars 

Who put silence between you and me. 

There grows a tree in the garden 

With blossoms that tremble and shake,' 
I lay my hand on its bark 

And I feel that my heart must break. 
On one wish alone 

My soul through the long months ran. 
One little kiss 

From the wife of the Red-haired man. 

But the day of doom shall come, 

And hills and harbors be rent; 
A mist shall fall on the sun 

From the dark clouds heavily sent 5 
The sea shall be dry, 

And earth under mourning and banj; 
Then loud shall he cry 

For the wife of the Red-haired man. 

* There are three "smalls," the wrists, elbows, and ankles. In Irish 
romantic literature we often meet mention of men being bound "with 
the binding of the three smalls." 


111*01 ne ua scteAS* 

t)f peitmeAp [no •oume-UApAt] Ann p An "cfp Agts^ lfl^|idll> Ai^e 
acc ,*on rhAc AmAin. C^inis pe peo [nit)ipe ti4 gcteAp] cuige 
ApceAC cpAtnonA oi-OCe, Agup "o'lApp pe toipcm do pew A^up 
X)o'n "OA-'p-'eus do bf i n-ewpeACc teip. 

" Sua^ac i.iotn mAp ca re AgAm te c'ajaiD," ^ f^n peitmeAp; 
•" acc ciubpAi-o me Dine e Agup do d' DA'p-'eus." fytt ptnpeAp 
peiD Doib com mAic aY of pe Ai^e, Agup miAip bf An puipeAft 
CAicce, D'lApp An ftiDipe A|\ ah DA-'p-'eus po eipige puAp Agup 
pfofA SAifgi-oeAccA do DeunAm Wn peAp po, aj CAipbeAnc r*& 
ngniorhApCA Of aca; 

T)'eipi$ An "OA-'n-'eug Aguf pinneADAp ^AipgiDeAccA Do, Ajup 
nf pACA An "ouine peo ApiAm pfopA SAip^iDeAccA mAp iad pinj 
" mAipeAD," A-oeif\ An Dtnne-uApAt, -peAn An cije, " nfop bpeApp 
tiom An oipeAD po [De fAiDbpeAf] 'nA dA mbeiDeAD mo rhAc 
lonnAnn -pin ["oo] "oeunAm." 

" Leis tiom-p a e," An TliDipe tia gcteAp, •" 50 ceAnn tA A^up 
btiADAin, Ajjup beiD pe com rriAit te ceACCAp De nA btiACAittib 

peo ACA AJAm." 

" teigpeAD," Ap pAn Dtnne-uApAt, " acc 50 DaubpAiD cu Ap Aip 
Cu^Am e 1 gceAnn nA btiADnA." 

" O cuibpA-o," a^ TliDipe nA jcteAp, " a\\ Aip Cu^ad e." 

Pp1C bpeACpApC Ap mA1"Oin, tA A\\ nA mApAC, "0010, nuAip bfODAp 

as "out A5 imceACC, Ajup tei$ at\ Dtnne-uApAt An mAC teo, A^uy 

■o'pAtl p1AD AmU1$ tA Agtip t)t1A"0Ain; 

1 gceAnn a' tA A^up btiADAin CAinij; pu\D Apfp A-bAite ctujej 
A^up a rhAc pem 1 n-ewpeACc teo. t)i pe [aj] pAipe oppA, Agup 
of pAitce pompA Ai^e, A^ur bf oiDCe niAit aca; 11uAip bfcoAp 
CApeip a puipeip, *oubAipc "RiT)ipe nA jcteAp teip An •oA-'p-'eu^ 
eipige fUAp Apfp A^up ^Aipgi'OeACc "oo "OeunAm "oo'n "oume-uApAt 
■oo bf CAbAipc An cpmpeip "061b: xXnoip bf a rh^c pem Ann, ppeipm, 
A^up bf pe 1 n^Ap t)o beit Com mAit te ceACCAp aca.- " 11f't pe 
'nA 5Aip5it)eAC pop Com mAic le mo ctn"o-pe peAp, acc teij tiom-pA 
e," a\\ "RiTMpe nA ^cteAp, " A]\ yeAt) Ia Agup btiAt)Ain eite." 

" 1ei5peAX>," ai^ peipeAti, " aCc 50 "ociubpAit) cu A1[\ Aip Cuj;Am 
e 1 ^ceAnn An tA abu? bliA-oAm." "OubAipc pe 50 "ociubpA-O. 

"O'lmCig piAt> te<3, An tA A]k t\a tiiApAC 'peip bit) ha mATone, A^up 
•o-frAnA-OAp Ammj tA A^up btiADAin eite; Agup 1 jjceAnn An tA 
A^up btiA-OAin connAipc ah •otnne-UApAt An comtUA-OAp A3 ceACc 

* Ca &n pseut fo pocAt a\\ pocAt 50 x>it»eAc mAp t>o p«AipeAp Ajvif mA|i -oo 
pjpfolJAp fiop e 6 beul ttlApcAin Uuai-6 Ui 5iotlAptiAc (pop-oe^? mbeuptA), « 
5CotroAe tia ^Ailtirile. 



Written down word for word by me from the dictation of Martin Rua 
O Gillarna, or "Forde," near Monivea, Co. Galway (a small farmer, 
about 50 years old, Irish-speaking only). — Douglas Hyde. 

There was a farmer [read gentleman] in the country, and he 
had only one son. And this man [the Knight of the Tricks] 
came in to see him, on the evening of a night, and asked 
lodgings for himself and the twelve who were along with him. 

" I think it miserable how I have it for you," said the gentle- 
man, " but I'll give it to you and to your twelve." Supper 
was got ready for them, as good as he had it, and when the 
supper was eaten, the knight asked these twelve to rise up and 
perform a piece of exercise for this man, showing the deeds 
[accomplishments] they had. 

The twelve rose up and performed feats for him, and this 
man had never seen any feat like them. " Musha," says the 
gentleman, the man of the house, " I wouldn't sooner [own] 
all this much riches, than that my son should be able to do 

" Leave him with me," said the Knight of the Tricks, " till 
the end of a year and a day, and he will be as good as any of 
these boys that I have." 

" I will," says the gentleman, " but [on condition] that you 
must bring him back to me at the end Of the year." 

" Oh, I will bring him back to you," said the Knight of the 

Breakfast was got for them in the morning, of the next 
day when they were going a-departing, and the gentleman let 
the son with them, and they remained away a day and a year. 

At the end of the day and the year, they came home again 
to him, and his own son along with them. He was watching 
for them, and had a welcome for them, and they had a good 
night. When they were after their supper, the Knight of the 
Tricks told the twelve to rise up and perform feats for the 
gentleman who was giving them the supper. Now his own 
son was there also, and he was near to being as good as any 
of them. 

" He is not yet a champion as good as my men are, but let 
him with me," said the Knight of the Tricks, " for another day 
and a year." 

" I will," said he, " but that you will bring him back to me at 
the end of the day and a year/' He said he would bring him.,. 

3752 fti-Dipe r\& gcteAf; 

tinge Apip. t«s ft pAitce Agiif ftnptAp T)6ib, te tutgAipe iat> 
■oo beit A|\ Aif Apif Aguf a rhAC teo. 

CAiteAT>Ap An finpeAp, Aguf ti«Aif bio"OAp 'peif a ftnpein, 
•OubAipc -pe te n-A tint) feAp tipige fiiAf Aguf piofA gAifgiteAccA 
•oo teunArh *oo'n "otnne-uAfAt x>o bi CAbAipc tia snAonfiuiteAtc (?) 
•061b. T)'eiju$ fiA"o f uAf, cpi fip "oeug, ^up bA e a rhAC An peAp 
•oo b'feApp T>e'n meAt) fin; Hi fAib peAp Ap bit lonnAnn ceApc 
•do bAinc "oe acc tti-oipe nA gcteAp fein. 

T)eip An T>iiine-tiApAt, " ni'i feAp An bit aca lonnAnn SAippt)- 
eACc "oo "oeunAn'i te mo tfiAC pern." 

" Vli't, 50 "oeirinn," An Tlit>ine nA gcteAp " Aon peAp lonnAnn a 
teuTiArh acc mire ; Aguf tnA teigeAnn cu "OArii-rA 6 lA Agup 
btiA-OAin eite, bei*6 ft 'nA SAifgiteAt torn rriAit Horn fern." 

" tTlaifeAt), teigpeAT)," An fan "owne-uAf At, " teigpit me teAt 
e," A-oein fe. 

^niof, nion lAnn fe Ain, An c-Ani fo, a CAbAipc Af Aif Apip, mAp, 
pinne fe nA b-AniAnncA eite, Agup niop ttnp fe Ann a geAf Aib e. 

1 jceAnn An tA Ajuf btiAt)Ain, bi An "oume-uAfAX aj; pAnAtfiAinc 
Agiif A5 f nit te n-A rhAC, Ate ni tAimj; An niAC nA ttToipe nA gcteAf: 
t)i An c-AtAin, Ann fin, fAoi imnite nioin nat pAib An niAC Ag 
ceACc A-bAite tinge, Agup -oubAipc ft : " pt b'e Aic "oe'n- "ooifiAn 

A bpWt ft, CAltpit mt A f AgAlt AmAt." 

T)'imti$ ft Ann fin Agup bi ft Ag wiceACC gup. tAit ft cpi oi"6Ce 
Agup cpi tA Aj pnibAt; tAmig Ann fin A^x:eAC 1 n-Aic a pAib Apup 
bpeAg, Aguf Aming AnAgAi* An "oopmp rhoip bi cpi pip "Deng ^5 
buAtA-t bAipe Ann $ Agnp feAf ft Ag feuCAinc a^ m\a cpi peApAib 
"oeug "o'a buAtAt, Agup bi Aon peAp AriiAin "o'A btiAlAt te "oA-'p- 
'eug aca. tAinig pt 'pAn Aic A nAbA'OAn ApceAt Ann a meApg Ann 
pin, Agup ^^ a rhAC f£in bi A5 biiAtA* An bAipe teip An "oA-'p-'eug 

Cmp pe p^iLce p. oirh An AtAMj\ Ann pin; " O ! a AtAMj\," A*oeip 
y^, " 111't Aon f AgAit aja-o opm; Hi pmne cupA," A*oeip ^6, " -oo 
£r[AtA (5116-6) ceAfc ; nuAip bi cu [aj] ■oeun^u'i m^p^it) teipe^n 
niop iApp cu Aip ; rrnpe [•oo] tAbAipc Ap Aip tii5A"o." 

" 1p piop pin," A-oeip An c-AtAip: 

" -Anoip," A-oeif An niAC, " ni bpuigpi* en fenCAinc onm AnoCc-, 
Ate *oeiinpAp cpi cotaim "oeug "oinn Ajup c^itpi'teAp gpAna coipce 
A]\ An upt^p Agup "oetipf Ait) "RToipe nA gcteAp mA Aitni$eAnn cu 
"oo rhAC oppA pin [ =: Ann a meApg-pAn] 50 bptngpit cii t. fli 
bei-6 rrnpe A5 ite Aon jpAm Agup bti"6 nA cinn eite aj ite. "beni 
mipe "out Anonn 'p AnAtt 'f A5 biiAtA-6 ppiocA Ann fAn.gcui'o eite 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3753 

They went away with themselves the next day, after their 
morning's meal, and they remained away for another day and 
a year. And at the end of the day and a year the gentleman 
saw the company coming to him again. He gave them a 
welcome and a supper, for joy them to be back again and his 
gon with them. 

They ate their supper, and when they were after their 
supper he said to the men to rise up and perform some feats for 
the gentleman who was showing them this kindness. They 
rose up, thirteen men, and his son was the best man of atll the 
lot. There was no man at all able to take the right from him 
[overcome hirn] but the Knight of the Tricks himself. 

Says the gentleman then, " There's not a man of them able 
to perform feats with my own son." 

*' There is not indeed one man," says the Knight of the 
Tricks, " able to do it but me, and if you leave him to me for 
another day and a year he will be a champion as good as 

" Musha, then I will," says the gentleman, " I'll let him 
with you," says he. 

Now this time he did not ask Kim to take him back, as he 
had done the other times, and he did not put it in his con- 

At the end of the day and the year the gentleman was wait- 
ing and hoping for his son, but neither the son nor the Knight 
of the Tricks came. The father was then in great anxiety lest 
his son was not coming home at all to him, and he said, " what- 
ever place in the world he is in, I must find him out." 

He departed then, and he was going until he spent three Jays 
and three nights traveling. He then came into a place where 
there was a fine dwelling, and outside of it, over against the 
great door, there were thirteen men playing hurley, and he 
stood looking at the thirteen men playing, and there was a 
single man hurling against twelve of them. He came in 
amongst them then, to the place where they were, and it was 
his own son that was playing against the other twelve. 

He welcomed his father then. " Oh, father," says he, " you 
have no getting of me, you did not do," says he, " your business 
right : when you were making your bargain with him you did 
not ask him to bring me back to you." 

" That is true," says the father. 

" Now." said the son, " you won't get a sight of me to-night, 
but thirteen pigeons will be made of us, and grains of oat* 
thrown on the floor, and the Knight of the Tricks will say thai 

3754 tti-oine nA scteAf,- 

■oe nA cotAtnAib. ^eobAi-o cu *°° f°5 4r > A 5 t1 f "oeAffAi-o cu teif 
5un b'e me cosfAf cu: Sin 6 ^n comAfCA beimm t>uic, i mocc 
50 n-AicneocAi-0 cu mife AmeAf3 nA scotAm eite, Agtif mA cogAnn 
cu 30 ceAnc, belt) me A3AT> <mi uaij\ fin." 

"O'v^s Ati triAc e Ann fin, A3Uf cAims fe AfceAC Ann fAn ceAC; 
Aguf cuif Tlixufe nA gcleAf fAitce noime. "DubAifC An "oume- 
iidfAl 50 -ocAims fe A3 iAffAi"o a mic nuAif tiac T>cii5 An TlToine 
Af Aif teif e 1 gceAnn nA btiA-onA: " Tlion ctnf. cu fm Ann f An 
mAnsA-o," Af f An fli-oine,- " acc 6 CAims cu com f ax>a fin "o'a 
iAnuAi-6, CAitpt) fe beic A3AT>, mA 'f fei"oif leAC a togAt) aihaC." 
tlug fe AfceAC Ann fin e 50 feomfA a fAib cni cotAim "oeug Ann; 

AgUf T>UbA1fC fe teif, A f.O$A COtAim T)0 COgAt) AttlAC, A^Uf T)4 

mbu-o b-e a riiAC fein x>o cosfAtf fe 50 •oaucpA'b teif a consbAit: 
t)i nA colAim uite A5 piocAX) nA ngfAnA coif.ce "oe'n uftAf, acc 
Aon ceAnn ArhAin x>o bi gAbAit CAfc A^uf A5 buAtA-6 pniocA Ann 
fAn gcuiT) eite aca. TDo C05 ah -oinne-iiAf At An ceAnn fin. ' Ua 
•00 mAC gnoCAigte A3AT)," An fAn tti-oine; 

Caic fiA-o An oi-oce fin buit (?) a ceite, Aguf T)'imci5 An •otnne- 

UAfAt AJUf A rflAC An tA Af nA fflAfAC AJUf ■OpAgA'DAf. ttToife nA 

gcteAf. tluAin bi fiA-o A5 "out A-bAite Ann fin, cAimg fiA-o 50 
bAite-mon, Aguf bi aouac Ann, Aguf nuAin bio"OAf "out AfceAC Ann 
fAn AonAC "o'lAff An niAC An a ACAin ffeAng 'oo ceAnnAc Aguf -oo 
•oeunArh A"dAfCAin '66. " "OeunfAit) mife fCAit "oiom fern," A"oein 
fe, " Aguf "oiotfAi"6 cu me An An aouaC fo. CiucfAit> T\it)ife nA 
gcteAf cusat) A|\ An aouac — ca fe "oo "o' teAUAmAinc Anoi^ — Aguf 
ceAnnocAi-d fe mife uaic; tluAif bei"6eAf cu '5 Am' t)iot, nA 

CAbA1|\ An C-A-OAfCAf UA1C ACC COUSbAlj CU5AT) pein e, AJUf [if] 

fei-oif tiom-fA ceA6c Af Aif eu5A"o — acc An c-At)AfCAf -do cons- 


Uinne An mAc fCAit T>e fem Ann fin, A^uf fUAif An c-AtAtn 
At>AfCAf A^uf Cuif fe Aif e; tJAffAins fe fUAf Ann fin Af An 
AonAC e, Aguf if geAff •oo bi fe 'ua feAfAm Ann fin, nuAif tAimj 
Tli-oife nA gcteAf ctnje Ajuf "o'lAff f6 cia meAt) *oo beit)eA-0 An 
An fCAit Ai^e. " Cfi ceu-o puncA " "oeif An x»uine-uAfAt. ' Uiu- 
bfAi-6 mife fin -0111-," -oein "Ri-oife nA gcteAf — ciubfA'o fe fu-o 
Ati bit "66 A3 fuit 30 bfin§feAt) fe An mAC a\\ Aif, rtn\f bi piof 
Ai^e 30 mAic suf b'e "00 bi Ann fAn fCAit. " UiiibfAit) mife •6111c 
6 Af An Aifgio-o fin," Af fAn "otnne-uAf At, " acc n1 tiubf atO me 

AU C-A-OAfCAf." " t>UT} CeAfC AU C-A-OAfCAf "OO CAbAlfC," Af fAtt 


T)'imti3 An tti-oife Ann fin A^uf An fCAit teif, Aguf -o'lmtig An 
■oume-UAfAt Af a beAtAt fem A3 -out A-bAite. Acc ni fAib fe 
aCc Amuig Af An AonAC 'fAn Am a TicAinic An niAC fUAf teif Afifs 

The Knight of the Tricks; 3755 

if you recognise your son amongst those, you shall get him. I 
will not be eating my grain, but the others will be eating. I 
will be going back and forwards and picking at the rest of 
the pigeons. You shall get your choice, and you will tell him 
that it is I you will take. That is the sign I give you now, 
so that you may know me amongst the other pigeons, and if 
you choose right you will have me then." 

The son left him after that, and he came into the house, and 
the Knight of the Tricks bade him welcome. The gentleman 
said that he was come looking for his son, since the Knight did 
not bring him back with him at the end of the year. " You 
did not put that in the bargain," said the Knight, " but since 
you are come so far to look for him you must have him if you 
can choose him out." He brought him in then to the room 
where the thirteen pigeons were, and told him to choose out his 
choice pigeon, and if it was his own son he should choose that 
he might keep him. The other pigeons were picking grains of 
oats off the floor, all but one, who was going round and picking 
at the others. The gentleman chose that one. *' You have 
your son gained," said the Knight. 

They spent that night together, and the gentleman and his 
son departed next day and left the Knight of the Tricks. When 
they were going home then, they came to a town, and there was a 
fair in it, and when they were going into the fair the son asked 
the father to buy a rope and make a halter for him. " I'll 
make a stallion of myself," said he, " and you will sell me 
at this fair. The Knight of the Tricks will come up to you 
on the fair- — he is following you now — and he will buy me 
from you. When you will be selling me don't give away the 
halter, but keep it for yourself, and I can come back to you — 
only you to keep the halter." 

The son made a stallion of himself then, and the father got 
the halter and put it on him. He drew him up after that on 
the fair, and it was short he was standing there when the 
Knight of the Tricks came up to him, and asked him how 
much would he be wanting for the stallion. " Three hundred 
pounds," says the gentleman. " I'll give you that," said the 
Knight of Tricks — he would give him anything at all hoping 
that he might get the son back, for he knew well that it was 
he that was in the stallion. " I'll give him to you at that 
money," said the gentleman, " but I won't give the halter." 
" It were right to give the halter," said the Knight. 

The Knight went away then, and the stallion with him, and 
the gentleman departed on his own road going home, but he 

3756 ftiTUfe nA ^cteAfj 

" A At<Mf\," A-oeif fb, " ca me Af fAjAil Airou'i a^ja 1 ©, acc c£ aoua<J 
Ann a leiceiT> feo "o'aic AtUAfAt Aguf fAtAmAoro AfceAt Ann.'" 

An Ia An nA mAfAt, nuAif biot>Af a$ "out AfceAt Ann fAn aouaC 
eite, "oubAifc An niAc : " Deunf Ait> me fCAit "oiom fern Aguf 
aucpAib Rix>ine nA gcteAf Afif "oom' ceAnnAt; CiubfAi-b fb 
Aingico An bit onm a lAnnpAr cu, acc cmn Ann fAn mAngAt) nAt 
•ocuibfArb cufA An c-A"OAfCA|v -co." UAf f AinseAtiAf fuAf An An 
AonAC Ann rm, Aguf ninne re fCAit "oe pern Aj;uf cmn An c-AtAif 
At)AfCAn Ain A5ur ir seAff "oo bi re Ann, 'nA feAfArii, nuAin CAiing 
ftroife nA gcteAf cmje Aguf "o'fiAffuij; re "be cia riibAt) tio beit- 
eAt> ai^ An rcAil Aige. " Se ceiro puncA," An fAn "oume-uAfAt: 
" Uiut>nAi"6 mife rm x>uic," A"oein fe. " Acc ni tiubf ai-6 me An 
c-At>AfCAn "buic." " but) ceAnc An c-AbAfCAf tAbAifC AfceAb 
'fAn mAfgA-o," Af An fliTMfe, Ate ni bfUAif fe b. 

T)'imti5 Ui"Oi|\e ua gcteAf Ann fin Aguf ati fCAit teif, Ajuf 
■o'lmtij; An "ouine-UAfAt Af a GeAlAt Ag "out A-bAite, acc ni fAib 
fe 1 mbeAfnA a' cofcunn a$ "out AmAC Af An aouac Am [nuAin] 
a -ocAims An mAc Afif f uAf teif; 

" Ca 50 mAic, ACAin " A"oeif fe, " ca au uAif feo gnbtAi^te 
AgAinn, acc ni't pof AgAm cneuT) "oeunfAf An tA-AuiAfAt imnj 
JZa aouac Ann a teiceit) feo "o'aic AmAfAC Aguf CAffbngAmAOiT) 

CuAtiAn mAf fin Af. An aouac ax\ Ia Af u-a rhAfAt, A^uf finne 

AU 1UAC fCAit Tie feiU, A£Uf CUlf An C-ACA1f A"OAfCAf A1f, AgUf if 

geAff -oo bi fe 'nA feAfArii Af An aouac 1 n-Atn cahuj Tli'oife na 
jcleAf Afif ctn^e; "O'fiAffuij An Uitufe cia riibAt) "oo berbeAt) 
fe A5 -Aff Ait) An An fCAit bfeAg fin T>o bi Aige Ann fAn At>AfCAf3 
" T1aoi gceut) puncA ca mife A5 iAff Ait) Aif," Af fAn "oume-uAfAt: 
fliof f Aoit fe 50 "ocuibf A"D fe fin "oo. Acc ni consbbcAt) Aifgiot) 
Af biC au fCAit o'n RiT)ife. " CiubfAit) me pn "ouic," A"oeif fej 
Cuif fe a tAiii Ann a pbCA Aguf cug fe An uaoi gcetiT) piincA "bb,- 
Agtif fug f6 a\\ An fCAit teif An tAim eite, Aguf "o'ltnciS fe leif 
bom tuAt fin guf beAfniA-o An T>uine-uAfAt e "oo cuf Ann fAn 

tUAf^At) AU C-A"bAfCAf CAbAlfC Af Aif x>6i 

"O'fAn fb A5 fuit 50 bfittfeAt) An mAc, aCc niof fitt fb. Uu^ 
fe fUAf b Ann fin Agtif "oubAifc fb nAt f Aib Aon mAic "bo cf ufbn 
(?) [belt A5 fuit] 50 bfAt teif, nS te n-A teACc Af Aif Afif 50 
bf At. 

Cug Ui^ife nA jcteAf Ann fin An iuac teif, Aguf bi fb CAbAlfC 
'b uite fbifc pionniiif A^uf "Ofot-ufAroe bb, Aguf ni teigfeA-b fb 
e Af bofo te aou "ouine A5 ite a beAtA, Ate bi fb Ann fin ceAn- 
^Aitce, A^uf au tA teijfeA-b f6 nA SAifgibig eite AmAb, ni teigfeAt) 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3757 

was only just out of the fair when the son came up to him 
again. *' Father," says he, " you have got me to-day, but 
there is a fair in such-and-such a place to-morrow, and we'll 
go to it." 

The next day when they were going into tlie other fair, the 
son said, " I will make a stallion of myself, and the Knight of 
the Tricks will come again to buy me. He'll give you any 
money that you may ask for me, but put it in the bargain that 
you will not give him the halter." They drew up on the fair 
then, and he made a stallion of himself, and the father put a 
halter on him; and it was short he was standing there when 
the Knight of the Tricks came to him and asked him how much 
he'd' be wanting for the stallion. " Six hundred pounds," 
says the gentleman. "I'll give you that," says he; "but I 
won't give you the halter," said the gentleman. " It were only 
right to give the halter into the bargain," said the Knight, 
but he did not get it. 

The Knight of the Tricks departed then, and the stallion 
with him, and the gentleman went on his way, going home; 
but he was not as far as the custom-gap, going out of the fair, 
when the son came up with him again. 

" It is well, father," says he, " we have gained this time, but 
I don't know what will to-morrow do with us. There is a fair 
in such-and-such a place to-morrow, and we will go down to it." 

They went to the fair accordingly next day, and the son 
made a stallion of himself, and the father put a halter on him, 
and it was short he was standing on the fair when the Knight of 
the Tricks came up to him again. The Knight asked how much 
he would be wanting for that fine stallion that he had there 
by the halter. " Nine hundred pounds I'm asking for him," 
says the gentleman. He never thought he would give him 
that. But no money would keep the stallion from the Knight. 
" I'll give you that," says he. He put his hand in his pocket 
and gave him the nine hundred pounds, and with the other 
hand he seized the stallion and went oif with him so quick 
that the gentleman forgot to put it into his bargain that he 
should give him back the halter. 

He waited, hoping the son would return, but he did not He 
gave him up then, and said that there was no good for him to 
be expecting him for ever, or expecting him to ever come back 

The Knight of the Tricks then took away the son with him, 
and was giving him all sorts of punishment and bad usage, 
and would not let him [sit down] at table with anyone to eat 

3758 ftiT)ife tiA gcteAf: 

fe eifeAn teo? t>i fe feAt ^AX)A niAf fin,- Ajtif 1\iT>ife nA scteAf 
A5 cuf •ofoc-rfteAf Aif A3Uf as CAbAinc mte fbinc pionniiif ■oo. 

£uic fe AniAC 5«f miti$ ttitnfe nA gcteaf An t& fo Af bAite,- 
Ajuf "o'fAsbAit) fe eifeAn Ann fan bpuinneois if Aifoe 'fAn ceACy 
'n Aic nAC n Aib fu-o An bit te fAgAit Aige ; Aguf e ceAnsAitce 
Ann fin, f uAf 1 n-Ain"oe: Ajuf ntiAif bi 'c tnte 'buine imtijte Ann 
fm, Agiif gAn An An c-ffAi"o acc e fein Aguf An cAiUn, -o'lAff fe 
•oeoC uifse 1 n-Ainm De, An An gcAitin; T)ubAift; An CAitin 50 
mbei-OeAt) fAicciOf tiifni "oa bpA$At> a rnAigifcif aitiac i, 50 niAn- 
bocAt) fe !.' 

" tli Otoiffi'd "otnne Af bit 50 "oeo e," A"oein fe, " nA bio* 
f Aicciof Af bit one, ni mife innfeocAf [ — inneofAf] "oo e." U115 
fi fUAf An T>eoc mfge cuise Ann fin, Aguf ntiAif cuif fe a 01015- 
lonn Ann fAn tiifge, A5 6t An uifge, ninne fe eAfcon *oe fein Ajuf 
cuai-6 f e fiof Ann fAn f oiteACJ t>> f f otAt> beAj; uifje CAob Anun§ 
•oe 'n "oofuf bi [A5] fit 50 n"oeACAi"6 fe AfceAC Ann fAn AbAinn, 
Aguf tAit fi AniAt Ann fAn ffotAn 3A6 a fAib "o'fuigteAt 'fAn 
foiteAc aici; t)i feifeAn A3 miteACC Ann finr Aguf 6 'nA eAfcum 
Ann fAn AbAinn, A3 CAnn Ain^c A-bAite: 

tluAif tAimg tli-Dine nA gcteAf A-bAite, cuai"o fe f«Af 50 bpeic- 
feAt> fe An peAf "o'fA3 fe ceAngAitce, Aguf ni bptiAif fe e fonne 
Ann. "O'fiAffuig fe ■oe 'n CAitin Af Ainig fi 6 A3 imteACCj 
T)ubAifc An CAitin nAf Ainijg,- Ate 50 "octis fi fein bfAon uif$e 
fUAf cuige: 

" -^S«f c^ 'f cuif cu An ftiigleAC "oo bi a^a-o ? " A-oeif f e: 

£- CAit me 'fAn ff ot&n AniAC e," Af fif e. 

" Ua f6 imtigte 'nA eAfcum Ann fAn AbAin," A-oeif fe, " steuf- 
Aigi-b fUAf," At>eif fe,- teif An "OA-'f-'eug ^Aifsi-beAO, " 50 
teAnfAniAoit) e." 

UmneA'OAf x>& riiAtJAni "Deng nif^e "biob fein A^uf leAnA-OAf, 
Ann fAn AbAin e ; Aguf nttAif bicoAf A3 ceAcc fiiAf teif Ann f ati 
AbAinn -o'einig fe 'nA enn Af An AbAinn Ann fAn Aef: 

tluAif f«Aif fiA-o fin AniAC 3Uf imtig fe Af An AbAinn, finneA'OAn 
x>& feAbAC "oeus -oiob fein A3iif •o'ltntigeA'OAf Ant)iAi5 An em — 
nife63 "oo nmne fe "6e fein — A3Uf bicoAf A3 ceAtc fUAf teif; 

tluAif fuAif fe 1AT) A3 ceAnnA*6 teif, A3Uf nAc fAib fe lonnAnn 
T)ut uAtA, bi p Aictiof m6f Aif? t)i beAn A3 c^tA"6 Amtns Af pAifC 
bAin: tuiftms fe 'nuAf Af An Ae\^, 6 beit 'nA eun," 1 n3Af "oo'n 
toifce, Asiif finne f6 3fAnA coifce -oe fein. 

tuiftin3 fiAt) fern 'nA -biAig A3iif ninneA"OAf vA OeAfC-ffAncAC 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3759 

his food, but he was there tied, and the day he would let the 
other champions out he would not let him out with them. He 
was like this for a long time and the Knight of the Tricks 
putting dishonor on him, and giving him every kind of punish- 

It fell out that on this day [of which we are going to tell] 
the Knight of the Tricks went from home, and left him at the 
window that was highest in the house, where he had nothing 
at all to get, and him tied there, up on high. And then when 
everybody was gone away and nobody left on the street {i.e., 
about the place) but himself and a servant-girl, he asked the 
girl, in the name of God, for a drink of water. The girl said 
that if her master were to find it out he would kill her. 

" Nobody shall ever hear it," says he : " don't be a bit 
afraid, it's not I who'll tell him." She brought up the drink 
of water to him then, and when he put his head into the water, 
drinking the water, he made an eel of himself, and he went 
down into the vessel. There was a little streamlet of water 
beside the door, that was running until it went into the river, 
and she cast out into the little stream all the remains that she 
had in the vessel. He kept going, then, and he an eel, in the 
river, drawing towards home. 

When the Knight of the Tricks came home, he went up to 
see the man he had left bound, and he did not find him there 
before him. He asked the girl if she felt [perceived] him 
going, or if she perceived anything that gave him leave to go. 
The girl said that she perceived nothing, but that she herself 
brought a drop of water up to him. 

" And where did you put the leavings that you had ?" 
says he. 

" I threw it out into the little stream," says she. 

" He's gone as an eel into the river," says he. " Prepare 
vourselves," says he to the twelve champions, " till we follow 

They made twelve water-dogs of themselves, and they fol- 
lowed him in the river, and when they were coming up with 
him in the river, he rose up as a bird, out o£ the river into 
the air. 

When they found this out. that he had gone out of the river, 
they made twelve hawks of themselves, and pursued after the 
bird— it was a lark he made of himself — and they were coming 
up to him. 

When he found them closing on hinij and that he was not 
able to escape from them, there was great terror on him. 

3760 Ri"oine tiA gcLeAf; 

■oeug "oioti fern, [A^uf bi An Ui"oi|\e 'nA coileAC-ptvAncAc]: tofAij- 
eAt)An Ag ice An coince Ann fin Ajuf fAoit pAT> e beic itce aca, 
acc ni f\Aib; t)i fiAt) A5 ice An coifce 50 fAib fiAt) 1 n^Af t>o 
beic f AtAC: 

TluAitt rheAf fetfeAn 50 fAib a fAit icce aca, Agtif nAc f AbAT)Af 
lonnAnn mofAn eite -oo "OeunAin, "o'eifis fe fUAf Agur fmne fe 
fiontiAC "oe pern, Agur bAin fe An cloigionn "oe'n "OA ffAncAc "oeus 
A^uf "oe'n eoiteAcj 

t)i ceA-o Ai£e "out A-bAile "o'a AtAin Ann fin nuAin biot>Af tnle 
niAnb Aige. As«r T'" "oeine Ui-oine nA gcteAf; « 

The Knight of the Tricks. 3761 

There was a woman winnowing [oats] out in a "bare field. He 
descended out of the air from being a bird, near to the oats, 
and he made a grain of oats of himself. 

They themselves descended after him, and made twelve 
turkeys of themselves, and the Knight was the turkey cock. 
They began eating the oats, and they thought that they had 
him eaten, but they had not. They were eating the oats until 
they were near to being satiated. 

When he considered that they had enough eaten and that 
they were not able to do much more, he rose up and made a 
fox of himself, and took the heads off the twelve turkeys and 
turkey cock. 

He had leave to go home to his father then, when he had 
them all killed And that is the end of the Knight of Tricks 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— D 


mo tmoti air &n t)f aitmse. 

tTIo bnon Ain An bpAinpse 

1f 6 jAbAit iT>in m& 
'S mo mile peon: 

"O'^^^At) 't\An mbAile m6 

"OeunAtn bnom, 
5^n Aon criiil CAn rAile Horn 

Congee n^ 50 "oeo. 

tTIo teun nAC brnnt mire 

'5 u f mo muinnin DAti 
1 S-cuige tAi$eAn 

llo 1 g-con-OAS An CtilAifi. 

lYfo bnon tiac bpuit mife 

'juf mo mite Sf^ -0 
Ain bont> toinge 

Urn au, 50 'iTIemcd, 

LeAbuit) UiAcnA 

t)i -pum Anein, 
>A5tif CAit me AtnA6 6 

"Le ceAf An Ia£. 

tamis mo gr\A-o-t\A 
Le mo tAdb 

gtlAtA Alfl $UAlA1t1 

^5«r oeut An beuU 


^Translated by Douglas Hyde.) 

My grief on the sea, 

How the waves of it roll 1 

For they heave between me 
And the love of my soul I 

Abandoned, forsaken, 

To grief and to care, 
Will the sea ever waken 

Relief from despair? 

My grief and my trouble ! 

Would he and I were 
In the province of Leinster 

Or county of Clare. 

Were I and my darling — • 
Oh, heart-bitter wound !-— 

On board of the ship 
For America bound. 

On a green bed of rushes 

All last night I lay, 
And I flung it abroad 

With the heat of the day. 

And my love came behind me — 
He came from the South ; 

His breast to my bosom. 
His mouth to my mouth. 

* Literally: My grief on the sea, It is it that is hig. It is it that is 
going between me And my thousand treasures. I was left at home 
Making grief, Without any hope of (going) over sea with me, For ever 
and aye. My grief that I am not, And my white moorneen, In the 
province of Leinster Or County of Clare. My sorrow I am not, And my 
thousand loves On board of a ship Voyaging to America. A bed of 
rushes Was under me last night And I threw it out With the heat of 
the day. My love came To my side, Shoulder to shoulder And mouth 
on mouth. [" Love Songs of Connacht."] 


AX\ t)t!ACAlU "00 tM A t>V&0 AU A rhAtAItt* 

A bpAt> 6 pom bi tAnAriiAm popcA T)Ap b' Ainm pA"opAis A^up 
TluAtA ni CiApACAm: t)i , beA , 0Ap btiA^Am A^up -pice pbpcA ^au 
Aon CtAnn T>o belt ACA, Agup bi bpon mop oppA,- mAp uac pAib 
Aon oittpe aca te ha scuto pAittbpip td' pAgbAit Ai^e; t)i t>a ACpA 
CAtrhAti, bo, Ajup peipe jgAbAp aca, Agup bi cuAipm aca 50 

pAbA"OAp pA1"0blp. 

Aon oi"oce AriiAin, bi pA-opAig ceAcc A-bAite o teAc T>ume 
rhuinnapij;, Agup nuAip tAinig pe com pAT>A teip An poitij; rhAoit,- 
tAinig peAn T>ume tiAt AtriAc A$up "oubAipc : " 5° mbeAimAigio 
T)ia "ouic." " 5° inbeAntiAij' T)ia 'gup TTIuipe "Ouic," aj\ Pat>- 
PA15. " Ca*o aca A5 cup bpom ope ? " An pAti reAn -ouine. " lli'l 
mopAn 50 "oeitfim," Ap pA-opAig, " m beit> me a bpA-o beo, Agup 
ni't niAC 'ua mgeAn te CAomeAt) mo "biAig nuAip geobAp me bAp." 
" t)' eiT)ip nAC mbei-OeA mAp pin," Ap pAn peAn-"oume. " ^ApAop ! 
bei"OeA"o," Ay pA*opAi5, " CAim btiA"OAin Agup piCe popcA, Ajup 
ni't Aon copAmtACC pop." " ^t&c m'pocAt-pA 50 mbeit) mAC 65 
A5 x>o rhnAoi, cpi pAice o'n oi"6ce Anocc." Cuato pA*opAi5 A-bAite,- 
tutgAipeAC 50 teop, Agup "o'mnip ah pgeut "00 11uaLa; " AyA ! 
ni pAib Ann pAn cpeAn "oume acc gogAitte, a bi Ag "oeunArti mAg- 
Ait) ope," Ay tluAtA. •" 1p mAit An pseuluit) An Aimpip," An 

t)i 50 mAic Agup ni pAib 50 n-otc ; peAl mi (put) n"oeACAit) 
teit-btiA*6Ain CApc, ConnAipc pA*opAis 50 pAib tluAtA "out oi"Ope 
■oo tAbAipc *oo, Agup bi bpb*o mop Aip; Uopui$ pe Ag cup da 
peitme 1 n-opoujAt), Agup A5 pAgbAit sac nit) -pei* te H-ajai* An 
oi"Ope 015; An tA CAim5 cmneAp ctoinne a^ TluAtA, bi pA"op^is 
A5 cup cpAinn 015 a tAtAip "oopAip An cije: tluAip tAimj; An 
pgeut Cuige 50 pAib mAC 05 A5 TluAtA, bi An oipeAO pm tiit$Aipe 
Aip gup tuic pe mApb te cmneAp cpoToe; 

t)i bp6n mop Aip HuAtA, A^up "oubAipc pi teip An nAOTbeAUAn : 

" Hi Coipspio me tu 6m' CiC 50 mbei* cu lonAnn An cpAnn -oo 
bi "o' AtA^ Ag cup nuAip puAip pe bAp "oo tAppAing Ay nA ppeA- 

5oipeA"6 pAi"Oin a\< An nAoit)eAnAn, A^up tu^ An mAtAip cioc 
•06 50 pAib pe peACC mbtiA-OnA "o'AOip: Ann pm tuj pi AtnAC 6 
te peuCAinc An pAib pe lonAnn An cpAnn "oo CAppAinj;, aCc ni pAib: 
tliop Cuip pm Aon "OpoC-rheipneAC a^ An m^tAip, tug pi ApceAC e; 

* O peAp x>&\\ b'Ainm btAcA, 1 11-Aice te OAite-An-fioba, jCotroAe ttluig-ed. 



(Translated by Douglas Hyde.) 

There was long ago a married couple of the name of Patrick 
and Nuala O'Keerahan. They were a year and twenty 
married, without having any children, and there was great 
grief on them because they had no heir to leave their share 
of riches to. They had two acres of land, a cow, and a pair 
of goats, and they supposed that they were rich. 

One night Patrick was coming home from a friend's house, 
and when he was come as far as the ruined churchyard, there 
camp out a gray old man and said, " God save you." 

" God and Mary save you," says Patrick. 

"-What's putting grief on you?" says the old man. 

" There isn't much indeed putting grief on me," says 
Patrick, " but I won't be long alive, and I have neither son 
nor daughter to keen after me when I find death." 

" Perhaps you won't be so," says the old man. 

" Alas ! I will," says Patrick, " I'm a year and twenty 
married, and there's no sign yet." 

" Take my word that your wife will have a young son 
three-quarters of a year from this very night." 

Patrick went home, joyous enough, and told the story to 

" Arrah, there was nothing in the old man but a dotard 
who was making a mock of you," says Nuala. 

" Well, ' time is a good story-teller,' " said Patrick. 

It was well, and it was not ill. Before half a year went 
by Patrick saw that Nuala was going to give him an heir, 
and there was great pride on him. He began putting the 
farm in order and leaving everything ready for the young 
heir. The day that sickness came on Nuala, Patrick was 
planting a young tree before the door of the house. When 
the news came to him that Nuala had a young son, there 
was that much joy on him that he fell dead with heart-disease. 

There was great grief on Nuala, and she said to the infant, 
"I will not wean you from my breast until you will be able 
to pull up out of the roots the tree that your father was 
planting when he died." 

The infant was called Paudyeen, or Tittle Pat, and the 
mother nursed him at her breast until he was seven years old. 
Then she brought him out to see was he able to pull up the 
tree, but he was not. That put no discouragement on the 
mother; she brought him in, and nursed him for seven years 

3766 An buACAitt "oo bi a bfAT) Af a rhAtAif; 

A$uf tug ciot reAtz mbtiAtnA eite "66, Aguf ni fAib Aon buAc- 
Aitt Ann fAn cif lonAnn teAtc fUAf teif 1 n-obAif; 

"Paoi CeAnn -oeifi-o nA ceitfe btiAtnA -oeus tug a rhAtAif AtnAt 
€, te peutAinc An fAib fe lonAnn An cfAnn X)o tAffAing, aCc ni 
fAib, mAf bi An CfAnn 1 n-itif rhAit, Aguf A5 pAf 50 mbf.- fliof 
Cuif fin Aon *Ofoe-mifneAC An An rhAtAin: 

ting f! cioC feACc mbtiAtmA eile "06, Aguf paoi CeAnn T>eifit> 
An AmA fin, bi fe Coin mof Agur corn lAit)in le fAtAt; 

tug An tiiAtAin AmAC 6 Aguf "oubAifc : " ttluf (munA) bpuit cu 
lonAnn An CfAnn fin to tAffAing Anoif, ni tiubf Ait) me Aon bfAon 
eite cite ttuic." Cuif pAiT>in ftnugAifte An a tAn'iAib, Aguf ptiAif 
5feim An bun An CfAinn: An teu-o-iAffAit) -oo tug fe, tfAit ft 
An cAlArii feACc bpeinfe An 5AC CAOib T>e, Aguf leif An x)aj\a 
lAfnAit tog fe An CfAnn Af ua ppeAn'iAib, Aguf amCiott pice 
connA "oe CfeApoig teip. " 5^"° mo tfoi*6e tu," An fAn mAtAif, 
"if piu cice bliA-OAin Ajuf fiCe tu." •" A mAtAif," Af pAi"oin, 
" "o'oibfig cu 50 cf uAit) te biAt) Aguf "oeoc "oo CAbAifc "OArii-f a 6 
fugAt) me, Aguf ca fe 1 n-Am "OAm Anoif fu"o 615m "oo t>eunArii 
"ouic-pe, Ann "oo feAn-tAetib: 1f e feo An Ceut)-CttAnn "oo tAff- 
Aing me Aguf -oeunf ai-o m6 mAToe tAime "OAm ptin *oe." Ann fin 
fUAif fe fAb Aguf cua§, Aguf geAff An cfAnn, Ag pAgbAit cim- 
Ciott pite cpoi$ "oe 'n bun, Aguf bi cnAp Aif, Com mof te ciif 
■oe nA cufAib cfumne "oo biteAt) 1 n-(5ifinn An c-Atn fin: t)i of 
cionn connA meAt>ACAin Ann fAn mAi"oe tAime nuAif bi fe gteufCA 
Ag pAi-oin. 

Af mAi-oin, tA Af nA itiAfAC, fUAif pAiT)in gfeim Af a mAToe, 
•o'fAg a beAnnACC Ag a mAtAif, Agtif t)'imCig Ag cofuigeACc feif- 
bife. t)i fe Ag fiubAt 50 *ocAmi5 fe 50 CAifteAn fit; tAigeAn. 
"O'fiAffuig An fig "Oe ca-o t>o bi fe 'iAff<Mt>: " As lAff Ait> 
oibfe, mA f6 "oo toil," a\\ pAi-oin: " "bfuit Aon Ceifo ajat) ? " 
An fAn fig. " tli't,'' An pAi-oin, " aCc C15 tiom obAif Af bit "oa 
n-oeAfn<M-6 feAf Afiatfi •OeunAm." " "OeunfAi-6 m6 mAfgAt) teAc," 
<\f fAn fi$, " mA tig teAC n-uite ni* a ofooCAf mife «uic a t>eun- 
Atri Af feA* fe mi, beuffAit) me *oo meA"0ACAn f6m "o'of "Ouic, 
AS^f m'mgeAn mAf mnAOi-pofCA, aCc munA "ocij teAC 5AC nit) t>o 
'6eunAm, CAittfit) cu -oo CeAnn." " UAim fAfCA teif An mAfgAt) 
fin," An pAi-oin: " Uei* AfceAC 'f^ n fgiobot, Aguf bi a$ buAtAt 
coifce -oo ua bA (buAib) 50 mb6i"o t>o Ceu*o-pfonn f6it>." 

Cuai-6 pAix»in AfceAC, Ajuf fUAif au fuifce, Ate ni fAib An 
fuifcin aCc niAf tfAitmn 1 tAim pA-OfAig, Aguf "oubAifC fe teif 
•<:ein," if feAff mo mAi-oe-Uim' 'nA An gteuf fin." tofuig fe 
A5 buAtAt) teif An mAix»e-tAim' Ajuf niof bfAX> 50 fAib au meA-o 

The Boy who was Long on His Mother; 3767 

more, and there was not a lad in the country who was able 
to keep up with him in his work. 

At the end of fourteen years his mother brought him out 
to see was he able to pull up the tree, but he was not, for the 
tree was in good soil, and growing greatly. That put no 
discouragement on the mother. 

She nursed him for seven more years, and at the end of 
that time he was as large and as strong as a giant. 

His mother brought him out then and said, " Unless you' 
are able to pull up that tree now, I will never nurse you again." 

Paudyeen spat on his hands, and got a hold of the bottom 
of the tree, and the first effort he made he shook the ground 
for seven perches on each side of it, and at the second effort 
he lifted the tree from the roots, and about twenty ton of clay 
along with it. 

" The love of my heart you are," said the mother, " you're 
worth nursing for one and twenty years." 

" Mother," says Paudyeen, " you worked hard to give me 
food and drink since I was bora, and it is time now for me 
to do something for you in your old days. This is the first 
tree I ever pulled up, and I'll make myself a hand-stick of it. 
Then he got a saw and axe, and cut the tree, leaving about 
twenty feet of the bottom, and there was a knob on it as big 
as a round tower of the round towers that used to be in 
Erin at that time. There was above a ton weight in the 
hand-stick when Paudyeen had it dressed. 

On the morning of the next day, Paudyeen caught a hold 
of his stick, left his blessing with his mother, and went away 
in search of service. He was traveling till he came to the 
castle of the King of Leinster. The king asked him what he 
was looking for. " Looking for work, if you please," says 

"Have you e'er a trade? " says the king. 

" No," says Paudyeen, " but I can do any work in life that 
ever man did." 

"I'll make a bargain with you," says the king; "if you 
can do everything that I'll order you to do during six months, 
I'll give you your own weight in gold, and my daughter as 
your married wife; but if you are riot able to do each thing 
you shall lose your head." 

" I'm satisfied with that bargain," says Paudyeen. 

" Go into the barn, and be threshing oats for the cows till 
your breakfast is ready." 

Paudyeen went in and got the flail, and the flailem was 

3768 An buACAitt "oo bi a bpAT* Ay a mAcAip: 

do bi Ann p An p^iobbt buAitce Aige; Ann fin buAib y6 AmAb Ann 

fAn njAn-OA Agup copui§ Ag buAtAb nA pcAcA coipce Agup cpuic- 

neACcA, gun Cuip pe ciceAnnA spAin A P V eA ^ ^a cipe: CAin/g An 

pig AniAC A^uf "oubAipc, " Coipg t)o tArii, AT>eipim, no pgpiop-pAib 

cu me. Ceib Agup beip cuptA buiceut> uipge cum nA peApb- 

pb^AncA Af An toe u"o piop, Agup bei* An teice puAp 50 Leon nuAip 

CiucpAp cu Ay Aif." "O'peub pAiT>in CApc, Agup bonnAipc pe t>a 

bAipitte mop potArii, te coip bAtta: £uAin pe gpeim oppA, ceAtin 

ACA Ann gAO tAim, buAib Cum An toCA, Agup tug 1A"0 tioncA 50 cut 

•oopaip An CAirleAm; X)\ longAncAp An An pi$ nuAip ConnAipc pb 

pA-opAij; Ag ceAcc, Agup "oubAipc yd teip : " Ceib ApceAC, cA An 

teice peib "buic." CuAib pATOin ApceAb, Agup cuAit> An pig cum 

*OAitt $tic "oo bi Aige, A^up 'o'innip pe -bo An mAp^At) t»o pinne 

pe te pAiT)in, A£jup "o'piAppuig pe "be, cpeuT> "oo bub Coip "Ob 

CAbAipc te "oeunAtfi "oo pAroin; " AbAip teip "out piop Agup An 

Lot t)o CAObmAt), Agup e "oo beit "oeuncA Aige, peAt mA TDceib An 

gpiAn pAOi, An cpACnbnA po." 

$Aip An pij Ay $Ai"oin A$up "oubAipc teip : " CAObm An toe 
pin piop Agup bio* pe *oeuncA ax^at> peAt mA T>ceit> An gpiAn paoi 
frn cpACnbnA po." " HIaiC 50 teop," Ap pAi"Oin, " aCc cia An aic 
^ CuippeAp me An c-uipge ? " " Cuip Ann pAn njjteAnn mop aca 1 
njAp T)o'n toC e," Ay pAn pi$; Hi pAib ixup An gteAnn Aj;up An 
lob Abe pjonpA, Agup bibeAb t\a t>AOine A5 "oeunArii bbCAip-coipe 
be. £uAip Paitmii buiceuo, picoiT) Aj;up tAibe, Agup CuAib bum 
An tobA. t)i bun An gteAnnA cocpom te bun An toCA. Cuaib 
pAi"oin ApceAb 'yAr\ ngteAnn Agup pinne pott ApceAC 50 bun An 
tobA. Ann pm buip pe a beut a^\ An bpott, tAppAing AnAt patia. 
Ajup niop PA5 pb bpAon uipge, lApg, nA bAt), Ann pAn tob, nAp 
tAppAing pe AmAb teip An AnAt pin, A$up nAp Cuip pb AfzeAt 'p^' 
ngteAnn. Ann pm "bun pb puAp An pott: 

TluAip t)'peub An pig piop, bonnAipc pb An tob Com cipm te boip 
•oo t^ime, Ajup niop bpA"o 50 "ocAims pAioin Ctn^e Ajup -oub- 
Aipc : " Ca An obAip pm cpioCnuijCe, cat> -oeunpAp mb buic 
Anoip ? " " tli't Aon puo eite te "oeunAm ajao au-oiu, aCc beib 
neApc ajat) te t>eunAm AmApAb." An oibbe pin, Cuip An pig piop 
a^ A\y nt)Att Stic, A^up "o'innip "Ob An bAoi a^ tAOttm pAitjin An 
toe, A^up nAc pAib piop Ai^e cpeu-o x>o bbAppAb pb bb te -oeunAm: 
•*' CA piop AgAm-pA An mb uaC mbbib pe lonAnn a beunAm, Ap 
mAi"oin AmApAb, cAbAip pgpibinn "oo bum x>o beApbpAtAp 1 ngAitt- 
im, AbAip teip x>A pidT) connA cpuicneAbCA "oo CAbAipc bu^AT), Agup 
A beit Ai(y Aip Ann yo pAOi CeAnn ceiCpe uAipe a\\ picit). CAbAip 
An cpeAn-tAip Agup a c^ipc "ob, Agup C15 teAC beiC cmnce nAd 
"OCiucpAib y& Ay Aip." Ay mAi"oin, tA Ay nA tiiApAC, $<Mp ah pi$ 

The Boy who was Long on His Mothert 3769 

only like a traneen in Paudyeen's hand, and he said to himself, 
" My hand-stick is better than that contrivance." He begar 
threshing with the hand-stick, and it was not long till he had 
all that was in the barn threshed. Then he went out into 
the garden and began threshing the stacks of oats and wheat, 
so that he sent showers of grain throughout the country. 

The king came out and said, " Hold your hand, or you'll 
destroy me. Go and bring a couple of buckets of water to 
the servants out of that loch down there, and the stirabout 
will be sufficiently cool when you come back." 

Paudyeen looked round, and he saw two great empty barrels 
beside the wall. He caught hold of them, one in each hand, 
went to the lake, and brought them filled to the back of the 
castle door. There was wonder on the king when he saw 
Paudyeen arriving, and he said to him, " Go in, the stirabout's 
ready for you." 

Paudyeen went in, but the king went to a Dall Glic, or 
cunning blind man that he had, and told him the bargain 
that he made with Paudyeen, and asked him what he ought 
to give Paudyeen to do. 

" Tell him to go down and teem fbail out] that lake, and 
him to have it done before the sun goes under this evening." 

The king called Paudyeen, and said to him, " Teem that 
lake down there, and let you have it done before the sun 
goes under this evening." 

" Very well," says Paudyeen, " but where shall I put the 

" Put it into the great glen that is near the lake," says the 

There was nothing but a scunce [ditch-bank] between the 
glen and the lake, and the people used to make a foot-road of it. 

Paudyeen got a bucket, a pickaxe, and a loy [narrow spade], 
and he went to the lake. The bottom of the glen was even 
with the bottom of the lake. Paudyeen went into the glen 
and made a hole in the bottom of the lake. Then he put 
his mouth to the hole, drew a long breath, and never left 
boat, fish, or drop of water in the lake that he did not draw 
out through his body, and cast into the glen. Then he closed 
up the hole. 

When the king looked down he saw the lake as dry as the 
palm of your hand, and it was not long till Paudyeen came 
to him and said, " That work is finished, what shall I do 

" You have nothing else to do to-day, but you shall have 
plenty to do to-morrow." 

3770 An buACAitt t>o bi a bfAT> An a mACAifj 

pAit>in, Aguf tug An fgfibinn "ob, Aguf -oubAifc teif, " £Ag An 
tAif Aguf An CAifc Aguf ceit> 50 5 All <tim; CAbAif An fgfibinn 
feo •oom' -deAnbjUtAin, A^uf AbAif teif t>A ficit> connA cfuic- 
neACCA t)o tAbAinc "ouic, A$uf bi An Aif Ann fo fAoi ceAnn ceitfe 
uAine An pici-o." 

puAin pAi-oin An tAif Aguf An cAifc, Aguf cuAib An An mbbtAf: 
Tlf nAib An tAif lonAnn niof mo nA ceitfe mile fAn uAif "00 fiubAt; 
CeAngAit pAi-oin An lAin An An gcAinc, Cuif An a guAtAin e, Aguf 
Ar go bfAt teif., za\\ cnocAib Aguf gteAnncAib, go n"oeACAi"b fe 50 
5AiU,im. tug fe An licin x>o -beAfbfAtAif An fig, fuAif An 
cnintneAcc Aguf Cuif An An gcAinc e. tluAin cuif re An tAif fAoi 
An gcAifc, nmneAt) t)A teit "o'a "Ofuim: Cuif pAi-oin An Cfuit- 
neAcc Ann fAn fgiobbt: fluAif CuAib mumnnn An CAifteAm 'nA 
gccotAt), cuAit> pAi-oin Cum An Cuaiu, Aguf nion fA$ fe rlAbnA 
An An tomgeAf nAf tug re teif; Ann fin notfiAin fe fAoi An 
fgiobbt, CeAngAit nA ftAbfACA cimCiott Aif, Aguf Af 50 bfAt 
teif, Aguf An fgiobbt Aguf ^aC a fAib Ann An a "bnuim; CuAit> 
fe CAf cnocAib Aguf gleAnncAib, Aguf niof fcop gun £Ag fe An 
fgiobbt 1 lAtAin CAifteAm An fig: t)i tACAin, ceAfCA, Aguf geib- 
eACA Ann fAn fgiobbt.- Af mAi-om 50 moC, "o'peuC An fig AmAC 
Af a feomfA Aguf cfeux* "o'feicpeA^) fe aCc fgiobbt a "6eAf- 


" m' AnAm 6'n •oiAbAt," a\k fAn fig " f e fin An f eAf if 
longAncAige 'fAn "oorhAn." UAmig fe AnuAf Aguf fUAif pAroin 
te nA riiAToe Ann a tAnn, 'nA feAfArii te coif An fjjiobbit: 

" An "ocug cu An CfuitneACc CugAm ? " An fAn fig: 

" UtigAf," Af pAi"oin, " aCc cA An cfeAn-tAif mAfb." Ann 
fin -o'mnif f6 -oo'n fig gA6 ni-6 "o'a n"oeAfnAi"b fe 6 "o'lmtig fe 
50 "ocAimg fe Af Aip 

Hi fAib fiof Ag An fig cfeuT> "oo "beunfA-b fe, A^tif -o'lmtig fe 
cum An "OdiU $Hc, Aguf -oubAifc leif, " muf (tilling) n-innfigeAnn 
cu "bAm ni-b iia6 mbeib ati ?eAn fin lonnAn a "beunAm, bAinfit) 
me An ceAnn "oioc." 

SmuAin An TDaU ^Uc cAmAtt Aguf -oubAifc, " AbAif teif go 
bpuit -oo "beAfbfACAif 1 n-iffionn, Aguf 50 mbut) riiAit leAC 

AfhAfC "OO belt AgAt) Alf, A^Uf AbA1f teif e "OO CAbAlfC cugA-o, 

go mb6ib ArhAfc a^ax) Aif ; nuAif a geobAf fiAt) in n-iffionn 
e, ni teigfTb fiA-o -oo ceAcc Af Aif." 

$Aif An fig pAi-oin Aguf -oubAifc teif, " cA "oeAfbf AtAif "bAm 
1 n-iffionn Aguf cAbAif cugAm e, 50 mbei-b AtiiAfC AgAm Aif." 
'- Cia An Caoi AitnebCAi-b me t»o *eAfbf AtAif 6 nA "OAomib eite 
acA 'fAn Aic fin ? " A n pAix>in: 

The Boy who was Long on His Mother: 3771 

That night the king sent for the Dall Glic, and told him the 
way that Paudyeen teemed out the lake, and [said] that he 
did not know what to give him to do. 

" I know the thing that he won't be able to do. To-morrow 
morning give him a writing to your brother in Galway, and 
tell him to bring you forty tons of wheat, and to be back 
here in twenty-four hours. Give him the old mare and the 
cart, and you may be sure he won't come back." 

On the morning of the next day the king called Paudyeen 
and gave him the writing and said to him, " Get the mare and 
the cart, and go to Galway. Give the writing to my brother, 
and tell him to give you twenty tons of wheat, and be back 
'here in twenty-four hours." 

Paudyeen got the mare and the cart, and went on the road. 
The mare was not able to travel more than four miles in the 
hour. Paudyeen tied the mare to the cart, put it on 
his shoulder, and off and away with him over hills and 
hollows, till he came to Galway. He gave the letter to the 
king's brother, got the wheat, and put it on the cart. When 
he put the mare under the cart, there were two halves made 
of its back [the load was so heavy]. Then Paudyeen put the 
wheat back into the barn. When the people of the castle 
went to sleep, Paudyeen went to the harbor, and he never 
left a chain on the shipping that he did not take with him. 
Then he dug under the barn [slipped the chains under] and 
tied them round it, and off and away with him, and the barn 
with all that was in it on his back. He went over hills and 
glens, and never stopped till he left the barn in front 
of the king's castle. There were ducks, hens, and geese in 
the barn. Early in the morning the king looked out of his 
room, and what should he see but his brother's barn. 

" My soul from the devil," said the king, " but that's the 
most wonderful man in the world." He came down and found 
Paudyeen with his stick in his hand standing beside the barn. 

" Did you bring me the wheat? " says the king. 

" I brought it," says Paudyeen, " but the old mare is dead." 
Then he told the king everything he had done from the time 
he went away till he came back. 

The king did not know what he should do, and he went to 
the Dall Glic, and said to him, " Unless you tell me a thing 
which that man will not be able to do, I will strike the head 
off you." 

The Dall Glic thought for a while and said, " Tell him that 
your brother is in hell, and that you would like to have a 
eight of him; and to bring him to you, until you have a 

3772 An buACAitt t>o bi a bf at) Af a tiiAtAif: 

" CA flACAll fA-DA 1 gCeAfC-lAf A CAfbAlt) UACCAfAlg," Af f\Atl 

Cuif pAiT>in fmugAifle Af a mAiT>e, buAil An b6tAf, Aguf niof 
bfAt) 50 "DcAitus fe 50 geACA iffmn. t)uAil fe buille Af An 
ngeACA "oo Cuif AfceAC AmeAfg nA nTHAbAl 6, Aguf fiubAil fe 
pern AfceAC 'tia -oiAig. TiUAif ConnAifC t)elfibub e as ceACc, 
CAinij; pAicciof Aif, Aguf -o'fiAffuig ye t>e cfeut) -do bi a' 
ceAfCAt uai"6 : 

" "OeAfbf AtAif fig tAigeAn aca a' ceAfCAt UAim," Af pAi-oin: 

" pioc AtriAC 6," An t)elfibubv 

"O'feuC pAnDin CAfc, aCc puAif fe niof mo nA t>A piciT) peAf 

A fAlb flACAIl fA"OA 1 gCeAfC-lAf A gCAfbATO UACCAfAlg ACA; 

" An pAicciof uaC mbei'OeA'o An peAf ceAfc AjjAm," An pAi"oin,- 
" ciomAnpAro me An c-iomlAn aca tiom, Agup C15 leif An fig a 
•OeAnbnAtAin piocAt> AfCA." 

domAin fe va piciT) aca awac f oiriie, Aguf nfon fcop 50 "ocAmig 
ye 1 tAtAin CAifleAm An fig; Ann pm gAif fe An An nig Agup 
-oubAinc teif, "pioc AmAC "00 -oeAf bf AtAif Ay tia pip (peAfAib) peo." 

tluAip T)'peu6 An nig Aj;up connAinc ye v\a "oiAbAil Le ti-A-bAfCAib 
onnA, bi pAicciop Aip, fgneAt) ye Ay, pAit)in Aguf -oubAifc, " cabAif 
An Air ia-o." 

top uig pAit>in '5A mbuAtA-o le r\A rhAit>e, gun cuip ye Ay, Aif 50 
b-ippionn iat); 

Cuai-6 An nig cum An X)aMI gUc, A^ur T)'innif "06 An nit) -oo 
nmne pAit)in, Aguf "oubAifC teir, " ni cig LeAC innpinc "OAm Aon 
ni"6 nAC bpuil ye lonAnn a "oeunArh, Agup CAillpit) cu "oo CeAnn 
An mAit)in AmApAC." 

" UAbAin iAff Aro eile -OAm," An p An "OaU, "£Uc, " A^uf 
ni beit) An ConnACcAC a bpAt) beo: Ay inAiT)in AmAnAC, 
AbAin teir, An cobAn aca 1 lAtAin An CAirteAin no tAo*- 
niA-o ; bio* pin nei-o AgAt), A^uf nuAin a geobAf cu fiof Ann y An 
cobAn e, AbAin teif ha ritt (reAnAib), An CtoC rhttitmn aza le coir 
An bAltA "oo CAiteAtti fiof 'nA muttAC, A^uf mAnbOCAit) fin e." 

An mAixnn, Ia Ap nA m&yAC, gAin An nig pAi-oin A^uf "oubAinc 
teif : " ceit> A^ur CAO"6tn An cobAn rm ca 1 tACAin An CAirteAin, 
Agur ntiAin a bei"6eAr fe "oeuncA a^ax*, beunrAi-0 me bACA nuAt> 
*6mc, if fUAf AC An cAibin e fin aca ofc." 

t)i nA fif ye\-6 A5 An fig le pAiT)in boCc T)0 ttiAfbAt), "oA 
bfewofAt) fiAT) e: 

Cuai-6 pA-ofAig 50 bfUAC An cobAif, tui* fiof Aif a bent fAOij 

The Boy who was Long on His Mothers 3773 

look at him. But when they get him in hell, they won't let 
him come back." 

The king called Paudyeen and said to him, " I have a 
brother in hell, and bring him to me until I have a look at 

" How shall I know your brother from the other people that 
are in that place?" said Paudyeen. 

" He had a long tooth in the very middle of his upper gum," 
says the king. 

Paudyeen spat on his stick, struck the road, and it was not 
long till he came to the gate of hell. He struck a blow upon 
the gate which drove it in amongst the devils, and he himself 
walked in after it. When Belzibub saw him coming there 
came a fear on him, and he asked him what he was wanting. 

" A brother of the King of Leinster is what I am wanting," 
says he. 

" Well, pick him out," says Belzibub. 

Paudyeen looked round him, but he found more than forty 
men who had a long tooth in the very middle of their upper 

" For fear I shouldn't have the right man," said Paudyeen, 
"I'll drive the whole lot of them with me, and the king can 
pick his brother out from among them." 

He drove forty of them out before him, and never stopped 
till he came to the king's castle. Then he called the king 
and said to him, " Pick out your brother from these men." 

When the king looked and saw the devils with horns on 
them, there was fear on him. He screamed to Paudyeen, and 
said, " Bring them back." 

Paudyeen began beating them with his stick, till he sent 
them back to hell. 

The king went to the Dall Glic and told him the thing 
Paudyeen did, and said to him, " You cannot tell me anything 
that he is not able to do, and you shall lose your head 
to-morrow morning." 

" Give me another trial," says the Dall Glic, " and the 
Connachtman won't be long alive. Tell him to-morrow 
morning to teem the well that is before the castle. Let you 
have men ready, and when you get him down in the well, 
tell the men to throw down the millstone that is beside the 
wall on top of him, and that will kill him." 

On the morning of the next day the king called Paudyeen, 
and said to him, " Go and teem that well in front of the castle, 
and as soon as you have that done I'll give you a new hat; 
that's a miserable old caubeen that's on you." 

3774 An bu.AC.AiU "oo bi a bpvo An a rhACAiru 

A$uf tofuig Ag CAnnAinj; An uifge AfceAC Ann a beut,- Aguf t>a 
fgA-pCAt) aitiaC uai* Anif 50 nAib An cobAf lonnAnn Ajjuf cifm Aige: 
t)i nomn beAg 1 mbun An cobAin nAC nAib CAO"omCA, • A^uf CuAro 
pA-onAij; fiof te nA cinmiugA*. CAimg nA fin teif An gctoiC rhoin 
rhtnlinn Aguf CAiteAtMn fiof Af rhuttAC pAiT>in e. t)i An polt 
•oo bi 1 tAn nA ctoiCe 50 "oineAC Com mon te ceAim pAitiin, Aguf 
faoit fe gun b' e An kaca nuAt> T)o Caic An nij fiof Cuige, Aguf 
$Lao , o fe fUAf : " CAim bui'oeAC "oioc, a rhAi$ifcin, An f on ■ AT1 
tiaca nuAi"0." Ann fin tAmij fe f UAf leif An gctoiC rhuitmn An 
a CeAnn; t)i bn6"o mon Aige Af An bACA nuA , 6; t)i lonjAncAf An 
An nij Aguf An b-uite tniine eite, nuAin ConnAinc riAT) pAiT)in 
teif An 5CI01C rhuitmn An a CeAnn: 

t)i fiof A5 An nig nAC nAib Aon mAit "Co Aon nit) eile *oo tAbAinc 
•oo pAi*oin te "oeunArii, A$uf "oubAinc -re teif, " ir cu An feAfb- 
f ojjauca if f eAnn "° bi A5Am AniAtfi ; ni't Aon nit) eite AgAm *ouic 
te "DeunAni, Aguf CAn tiom-f a, 50 •ocujai'o me -oo CuAfAfCAt "ouic. 
Tli't m' mjeAn reAn 50 teon te pofAt), aCc nuAin a beroeAf -pi 
btiA"OAin Aguf fiCe *o'Aoif, C15 leAC i •oo beit a^at*." 

" tli't "o'lngeAn a' teAfcAt UAim," An pAix>in. 

tus An nig e Cum at\ Cifce, An aic a nAib 50 teon oin, A^ur 
"oubAinc teif : " bAin "oioc *oo bACA nuAt>, Aguf cero AfceAC 
'r^' fS^tA." 

" 5° "oeirhin, ni bAinfit) me mo bACA *6iom, bnonn cuf a onm e, M 
An pAroin, " beitteAt) re Com mAit -ouic mo bnifce "oo bAinc 

Hi nAib An oineAt) oin Aguf a meAt>6CA , 6 bACA "pAi*oin, aCc 
focnuij An ni$ teir A5 CAbAinc t)6 x>a mAlA oin. Cuin pAix>in 
ceAtin aca -pAoi 5AC ArcAtt, puAin gneim Ain a mAit)e, An nAC* 
nuA-0 An a CeAnn, A^ur An 50 bnAt teif, CAn cnocAib Agun 
5teAnncAib, 50 "ocAimj; re A-bAite. 

tluAin ConnAinc "OAome An bAite pAi"Oin Ag ceACc teif An jctoiC 
rhuitmn An a CeAnn, bi lonjAncAf mon onnA ; aCc nuAin ConnAinc 
An ifiAtAin An "oa mAtA Cin, but) X>eAS nAn tuic fi mAnb te tuC- 
$Aine.> tofing pAi-oin, Aguf Cmn re ceAC bneAj An bun xr6 
pCin, A^uf "o'a rhAtAin. Tlmne rC ceitne teit (teAtAnnA) "oe *n 
bACA nuAt), Agur* ninne ctoCA cuinne t)iob x>o 'n ceACj Con^bui^ 
re a rhAtAin mAn mnAoi uAfAit 50 bpuAin ft bAf te feAn-^oif^ 
Aguf CaiC fC pCin beAtA mAit 1 ngfAt) "Oe A5Uf nA 5-corhAnfAni 

The Boy who was Long on His Mother?, 3775 

The king had the men ready to kill poor Paudyeen if they 
were able. 

Paudyeen came to the brink of the well, and lay down with 
his mouth under, and began drawing the water into his mouth 
and spouting it out behind him until he had the well all as 
one as dry. There was a little quantity of water on the bottom 
of the well that was not teemed, and Paudyeen went down to 
dry it. The men came then with the great millstone, and 
threw it down on the top of Paudyeen. The hole that was in 
the middle of the stone was just as big as Paudyeen's head, 
and he thought it was the new hat the king had thrown down 
to him, and called up and said, " I'm thankful to you, master, 
for the new hat." Then he came up with the millstone on his 
head. He had great pride out of the new hat. There was 
wonder on the king and on every one else when they saw 
the millstone on his head. 

The king knew that it was no use for him to give Paudyeen 
anything else to do, so he said to him, " You're the best servant 
that ever I had. I've nothing else for you to do, but come 
with me till I give you your wages. My daughter is not 
old enough to marry, but when she is one and twenty years 
of age you can have her." 

" I do not want your daughter," said Paudyeen. 

The king brought him then to the treasury, where there 
w r as plenty of gold, and said, " Take off your new hat and 
get into the scales." 

" Indeed I won't take off my new hat ; you gave it to me," 
said Paudyeen; " you might as well take off my breeches." 

There was not as much gold as would weigh Paudyeen's 
hat, but the king settled with him by giving him two bags^ of 
gold. Paudyeen put one of them under each oxter [arm-pit], 
got hold of his stick — his new hat on his head — and off and 
away with him over hills and hollows till he came home. 

When the people of the village saw Paudyeen coming with 
the millstone on his head, there was great wonder on them: 
but wdien the mother saw the two bags of gold, it was little 
but she fell dead with joy. 

Paudyeen began working, and set up a fine house for himself 
and his mother. He made four parts of the new hat, and 
made corner-stones of them for the house. He kept his mother 
like a lady, until she died of old age; and he spent a good 
life himself, in the love of God and of the neighbors. 


X)A mbeininn-fe Aif. IflAtA neipin 

'S mo cet!T>-$t^ > fr te mo tAoib; 
1f tA§AC comeotAmAoir 1 n-emfeAC'c 

11lAn An c-einin aij\ An 5-cf,Aoib: 
'Se no beiUn binn bf.iAtf.Ac 

*Oo meu'OAij; Aif mo piAn, 
-Aguf ccotAt) cunn ni feuT>Aim,' 

go n-eu<5f at>, f Af AOf ! 

"0a mbeitnnn-f e Aif nA ctiAncAib 

ITUf bu* "ouaI "OAm; £eobAinn fp6f.r$ 
Wo CAifoe uite fAoi buAiDfeAt) 

<^5 u f SfUAim offA 5A6 to; 
Tiof-f5^it nA nj;fUA5AC 

"PuAif buAit) A'f ctu Annf j;ac 5le6, 
*S juf b'e mo CfOTfte-fciJ tA 'nnA $uAt nub. 

Aguf beAn mo tfUAige ni't beo. 

11ac Aoibmti "oo nA ti-eminib 

A eifigeAf 50 b-Aft),- 
'S a conluigeAf 1 n-emfeACC 

.Aif Aon CfAoibin AmAin: 
11i mAf fin T)Am fern 

x\'f "oo m' ceti*o mite 5f a*6,- 
If f ada 6 ha ceite off Ainn 

6ifi*;eAf 5AC td: 

Ca*o 6 "oo bfeAtnu$A"6 Aif nA fpeAftASt) 

Uf At tig CeAf A1f Atl L&, 

11a Aif An tAn-mAf a A5 eifije 

te b-euT)An An ctoi"6e Aifo ? 
ITlAf fu-o biof An ce fin 

A beif An-coit do 'n §f a-6 
UlAtt cf Ann Aif rhAtA fteibe 

T)o t|\ei5reAt) a bt&t. 



(Translated by Douglas Hydb.) 

[" Love Songs of Connacht."] 

Did I stand on the bald top of N£fin 

And my hundred-times loved one with me, 
We should nestle together as safe in 

Its shade as the birds on a tree. 
From your lips such a music is shaken, 

When you speak it awakens my pain, 
And my eyelids by sleep are forsaken, 

And I seek for my slumber in vain. 

But were I on the fields of the ocean 

I should sport on its infinite room, 
I should plow through the billows' commotion 

Though my friends should look dark at my doom. 
For the flower of all maidens of magic 

Is beside me where'er I may be, 
And my heart like a coal is extinguished, 

Not a woman takes pity on me. 

How well for the birds in all weather, 

They rise up on high in the air, 
And then sleep upon one bough together 

Without sorrow or trouble or care ; 
But so it is not in this world 

For myself and my thousand-times fair, 
For, away, far apart from each other, 

Each day rises barren and bare. 

Say, what dost thou think of the heavens 

When the heat overmasters the day, 
Or what when the steam of the tide 

Rises up in the face of the bay? 
Even so is the man who has given 

An inordinate love-gift away, 
Like a tree on a mountain all riven 

Without blossom or leaflet or spray. 



Sgriobh me an sgeul so, focal ar fhocal. o bheul sean-mhna de mhuinntir 
Bbriain ag Cill-Aodain, anaice le Coillte-mach i gcondae Mhuigh-E6. 

An CjiAoibhiti. 

Bhi righ i n-Eirinn, fad 6 shoin, agus bhi da 'r 'eag mac aige: 
Agus ghabh so amach la ag siubhal anaice le loch, agus chonnairc 
se lacha agus dha cheann deag d' eanachaibh leithe. Bhi si [ag] 
bualadh an domhadh ceann deag uaithi, agus ag congbhail aoin 
cheann deag leithe fein. 

Agus thainig an righ a-bhaile chuig a bhean fein, agus dubhairt 
se leithe go bhfacaidh se iongnadh mor andhiii, go bhfacaidh se 
lacha agus dha cheann deag d' eanachaibh leithe, agus go raibh 
si ag dibirt an domhadh ceann deag uaithi. Agus dubhairt an 
bhean leis, " ni de thir na de thalamh thii, nach bhfuil fhios agad 
gur gheall si ceann do'n Deachmhaidh agus go raibh si chomh 
cinealta agus go dtug si amach an da cheann deag." 

" Ni de thir na de thalamh thu," ar seisean, " ta dha cheann 
deag de mhacaibh agam-sa, agus caithfidh ceann dul chuig an 

" Ni h-ionnann na daoine agus eanacha na gcnoc le cheile," 
[ar sise]. 

Ghabh se sios ann sin chuig an Sean-Dall Glic, agus dubhairt 
an Sean-Dall Glic nach ionnann daoine agus eanacha na gcnoc le 
cheile. Dubhairt an righ go gcaithfidh ceann aca dul chuig an 
Deachmhaidh, " agus cad e an ceann," ar seisean, " bhearfas me 
chuig an Deachmhaidh ? " 

' Ta do dha-deag cloinne ag dul chum sgoile, agus abalr leo 
lamh thabhairt i laimh a-cheile, dul chum sgoile, agus an chead 
fhear aca bheidheas 'san mbaile agad go dtiubhraidh tii dinear 
maith dho, agus cuir an fear deiridh chum bealaigh ann sin." 

Rinne se sin. An t-oidhre do bhi ar deireadh, agus nior fhead 
se an t-oidhre chur chum bealaigh. 

Chuir se amach ag tiomaint ann sin iad, seisear ar gach taoibh 
agus an taobh do bhi ag gnothughadh, bhi se ag tarraing fear 
[fir] uaithi, agus d a thabhairt do ; n taoibh do bhi ag cailleamhain. 
Faol dhelreadh bhain aon fhear amhain an liathroid de'n aon 
fhear deag. Dubhairt an t-athatr leis, ann sin, " a mhic," ar 
seisean, " caithfidh tu dul chuig an Deachmhaidh." 

' Ni rachaidh mise chuig an Deachmhaidh, a athair," ar seisean 



[Written down in Irish by Douglas Hyde at the dictation of an old 
woman in County Mayo, and translated from the French of G. Dottin 
by Charles Welsh.] 

Once upon a time in Ireland, and a long time ago at that, there 
was a king who had twelve sons. He went one day to walk 
by the borders of a lake, and there he saw a female duck with 
twelve little ones. Eleven of them she kept close by her side, 
but with the twelfth she would have nothing to do, and was 
always chasing it away. 

The King went home and told his wife that he had seen a 
very wonderful thing that day; that he had seen a female 
duck with twelve little ones. Eleven she kept close by her side, 
but with the twelfth she would have nothing to do, and was 
always chasing it away. 

His wife said, " You're neither of people or land. Do you 
know that she has promised one of her brood to the 
Deachmhaidh, and that the duck is of such a fine breed that 
she has hatched out twelve." 

" You're neither of people or land," he replied. " I have 
twelve sons, and one of them must certainly go to the Deachm- 

His wife answered him, " People and birds of the hillside 
are not the same thing." 

Then he went to find the old blind diviner, and the old blind 
diviner told him that the people and the birds of the hillside 
were not the same. 

The King told the old blind diviner that one out of his 
children must go to the Deachmhaidh. " And what I want to 
know." said he. " is which one shall I send to the Deachm- 

" Your children are now going to school. Tell them to walk 
hand-in-hand as they go to school, and that you will give to 
him who shall be first in the house again a good dinner ; and 
it will be the last one that you will be sending away." 

He did so, but it was his son and heir who was the last one, 
and he couldn't think of sending his son and heir away. He 
then sent them to play a hurling match — six on one side and 
six on the other — and from the side which won he took one away 
and gave it to the side which lost. At last, a single one swept 
away the ball from the eleven others. Then he said to _ that 
one," My son, it is you that will be going to the Deachmhaidh." 

3780 An Lacha Dheargi 

" tabhair dham costas, agus rachaidh me ag feachain m' flior- 

D'imthigh se ar maidin, agus bhi se ag siubhal go dtainlg an 
oidhche, agus casadh asteach i dteach beag e nach raibh ann acht 
sean-fhear, agus chuir se failte roimh Realandar mac righ Eireann. 
" Ni'l mall ort " [ar seisean leis an mac righ] " do shaidhbhreas 
do dheunamh amarach ma ta aon mhaith ionnat id' foivl-eiridh, 
[seilgire]. Ta inghean righ an Domhain-Shoir ag tigheacht chuig 
an loch beag sin shios, amarach, agus nior thainig si le seacht 
mbliadhnaibh rolmhe ; agus beidh da cheann deag de mhnaibh- 
coimhdeacht leithe; Teirigh i bhfolach ann san tseisg go gcaithfidh 
siad a da cheann deag de cochaill diobh? Leagfaidh sise a cochall 
fein leith-thaobh, mar ta [an oiread sin] d' onoir innti, agus nuair 
gheobhas tusa amuigh ann san tsnamh iad, eirigh agus beir ar an 
gcochall? Fillfidh sise, asteach ar ais, agus dearfaidh si, " a mhic 
righ Eireann tabhair dham mo chochall." Agus dearfaidh tusa 
nach dtiubhraidh [tu]. Agus dearfaidh sise leat, " muna dtugann 
tii ded' dheoin go dtiubhraidh tu ded' aimhdhe6in e." Abair 
leithe nach dtiubhraidh tu ded' dheoin, na de d' aimhdheoin di e 
[muna ngeallann si do phosadh]. Dearfaidh Si, ann sin, nach 
bhfuil sin le faghail agad mur [=muna] n-aithnigheann tii i aris. 
Geobhaldh siad amach uait ann san tsnamh aris, agus deanfaidh 
siad tri easconna deag diobh fein; Beidh sise 'na rubaili'n [ear, 
baillin] suarach ar uachtar ; ni thig leithe bheith ar deireadh- 
mar ta onoir innti, agus beidh si ag caint leat; Aithne6chaidh tu 
air sin 1, agus abair go dtogfaidh tu 1 fein i gcomhnuidhe, an ceann 
a bheidheas ag caint leat. Dearfaidh sise ann sin, " Caillte an 
sgeul, an fear thug a athair do'n Deachmhaidh areir, geallamhain 
posta ag inghin Righ an Domhain-Shoir andhlu air' ! " 

[Dubhairt an mac righ leis an sean-fhear go ndeanfadh se gach 
rud mar dubhairt se leis. Chuaidh se amach ar maldin chuig an 
loch agus tharla h-uile short go direach mar dubhairt an sean- 

Nuair bhi an bhean gnothaighthe aige] d'imthigh an da-'r'eug 
cailin a-bhaile; Tharraing sise amach slaitin draoidheachta, agus 
bhuall si ar dha bhuachalldn buidhe i, agus rinne sf dd chapall 
marcuigheachta dhiobh; 

Bhi siad ag sliibhal ann sin; go dtainig an oidhche,- agus bhi si 
ag teach oncail di, ar dtuitim na h-oidhche; Agus dubhairt si le 
mac righ Eireann eochair ruma na sead d' iarraidh ar an oncal, 
agus go bhfuighfeadh se i fein astlgh ann san ruma roimhe. [Ni 
raibh fhios ag an oncal, go raibh sise ann, chor ar bith, agus shaoil 
se gur ag iarraidh a inghine fein thainig mac righ Eireann chuige.] 

The Red Duck: 3781 

" I will not be going to the DeachmhaidE," said lie. " Give 
me some money and I will go and make my fortune." He 
started off the next morning, and walked until it was night, 
and came to a little house where there was nobody but an old 
man, who welcomed Realander, the son of the King of Ireland. 

" It will be no delay of you," said he, to the son of the 
King, " to make your fortune to-morrow morning, if you are 
any good as a hunter of birds. The daughter of the King of 
the Eastern World is coming to the little lake you see down 
there to-morrow morning. She will have twelve women 
attendants with her. Hide yourself in the rushes until they 
throw down their twelve hoods and cloaks. The daughter of 
the King will throw her hood and cloak in a separate place 
from the rest; and when you see them go in to swim, jump up 
and take her hood and cloak. The Princess will come to the 
edge of the lake, and she will say, " Son of the King of 
Ireland, give me my hood, and cloak." And you will tell her 
then that you will not; and she will say to you, " If you don't 
give it to me with a good will, you will give it to me with a 
bad will." Tell her that you will neither give it to her with a 
good will or a bad will, unless she will promise to marry you. 
She will then say, that you shall not have her, unless you can 
recognise her again. 

Then she and her attendants will swim away, and they will 
be changed into thirteen eels. She will be the smallest and the 
meanest one, but she will lead, because she is a person of 
honor, and could not follow her train, and she will speak to 
you. You will recognize her again by this, and you will say 
that you will marry the eel who has spoken to you. Then she 
will say, " Oh, unhappy story, he whose father sent him to the 
Deachmhaidh last night, has to-day received a promise of 
marriage from the daughter of the King of the Eastern 

The King's son told the wise old man that he would do all 
that he told him to do. The next morning he went to the lake, 
and everything happened as the wise old man had said. 

When he had gained the daughter of the King of the 
Eastern World, the twelve .attendants started for home. 
The Princess drew a magic wand and struck two tufts of 
yellow ragwort with it, and they were at once turned into two 
saddle-horses. They travelled on until night was coming, 
and when night came, they found themselves at the home of 
an uncle of hers. She told the son of the King of Ireland to 
ask her uncle for the key of the treasure chamber, and that he 
would find her in that chamber. The uncle did not know that 

3782 An Lacha DJiearg. 

Fuair se an eochair 6'n oncal, agus chuaidh se asteach, agus 
fuair se mar bean bhreagh astigh ann san riima i. Bhi siad ag 
caint go h-am suipeir. D'iarr si air, a cheann do leagan ar a 
h-uchd. Rinne se sin, agus chuir si bioran suain ann a cheann go 
maidin. Nuair tharraing si amach an bioran ar maidin, dhuisigh 
se, agus dubhairt si leis go raibk fathach mor le niarbhadh aige 
ar son inghine a h-oncail. 

Ghabh se amach chum na coille [ag iarraidh an fhathaigh]. 
" Fud, fad, feasog ! " ar san fathach, " mothaighim boladh an 
Eireannaigh bhreagaigh bhradaigh," 

" Nar ba soirmid (?) bidh na digh ort, a fhathaigh bhroich ! " 

" Cad e [is] fearr leat-sa caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearg : 
no gabhail de sgeannaibh glasa i mbarr easnacha a-cheile ? " 

" Is fearr liom-sa caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga, 'n dit 
a mbeidh mo chosa mine uaisle i n-uachtar, agus do spaga mio- 
stuamacha ag dul 1 n-iochtar." 

Rug an dias gaisgidheach ar a cheile, agus da dteidhfidhe ag 
amharc ar ghaisge ar bith na ar chruadh-chomhrac, is orra rachd 
d'amharc. Dheanfadh siad cruadhan de 'n bhogan agus bogdn 
den chruadhdn, agus tharrongadh siad toibreacha fior-uisge tre 
lar na gcloch glas. [Bhi siad ag troid mar sin] gur chuimhnigh 
mac righ Eireann nach raibh fear a chaointe na a shi'nte aige. 
Leis sin thug se fasgadh do'n fhathach do chuir go dti na gliina 
e, agus an dara fasgadh go dti an basta, agus an triomhadh 
fasgadh go meall a bhraghaid go doimhin.- 

" Fod glas os do chionn a fhathaigh ! " 

" Is fior sin ; seoide mac-righ agus tighearna bhearfas me dhult, 
acht sporail m'anam dam." 

" Do sheolde 1 Mthalr a bhodalgh ! " " Bhearfaidh me cloidh- 
eamh solais a bhfuil faobhar an ghearrtha agus faobhar an 
bhearrtha [air agus] treas faobhar, teine 'na chul, agus ceol ann 
a mhaide." 

" Cia [chaoi] bhfeachaidh me mianach do chloidhimh ? " 

" Sin thall sean-smotan maide [ata ann sin] le bliadhain agus 
seacht gcead bliadhan." 

" Nl fheicim aon smota 'san gcoill is mo chuir grdin orm 'na do 
shean-cheann fein." Bhuail se i gcomhgar a chinn a bhinn agus 
a mhuineill e. Bhain se an ceann de, gan meisge gan mearbhai. 
Chaith se naoi n-iomaire agus naoi n-eitrighe uaidh e; 

The Red Duck. 3783 

she was there at all, but he thought it was in search of his 
own daughter the son of the King of Ireland had come. 

He got the key from the uncle; he went in and found her 
in the chamber in the form of a beautiful woman. They talked 
together until supper time. She asked him to rest his head on 
her bosom; he did so, and she trust the pin of sleep into his 
head, until morning. 

When she took out the pin he woke up, and she told him 
that he had a giant to kill because of her uncle's daughter. 

He went out into the woods to seek the giant. " Fud fod 
fesdg," said the giant, " I smell the smell of a lying Irish 

"May you be without the food and without the drink, you 
dirty giant." 

" Which do you prefer, to fight on the red-hot flagstones, or 
shall we fight to plunge the knives of gray steel in each other's 

" I prefer to fight on the red-hot flagstones, where my small 
pretty feet shall be on top, and where your heavy, ill-built 
hoofs shall be going to the bottom." 

The two warriors then attacked each other, and if you would 
go to see the brave and the fierce fighting, it is there that you 
would go to see it. They made a hard place of a soft place 
and a soft place of a hard place, and they made wells of 
fresh water run over the gray flagstones. And so they went 
on fighting until the son of the King of Ireland remembered 
that he had no one who would keene over him if he died, 
nor who would lay him out or wake him. 

Thereupon he gave the giant a terrible grip, and buried him 
into the ground up to his knees, and then another which 
buried him up to his waist, and then another which buried 
him deep up as far as the lump of the throat. " Now for a 
green turf over your head, giant." 

"It is true. The treasures of the sons of the kings and 
lords I will give them to you, but spare my life." 

" The treasures on the spot, you rascal." 

" I will give you the sword of life, which has an edge to 
cut and an edge to raze, and a third edge of fire in the back, 
and music in the handle." 

" How shall I try the temper of your sword? " 

" There is an old block of wood which has been there for 
seven hundred years." 

" I see no block in the wood which is more frightful than . 
your head." He smote it at the point where the head joins the 

3784 An Lacha Dhearg. 

" Is fior sin," ar san ceann, " da dteidhinn suas ar an gcolaina 
arfs, a raibh i n-Eirinn ni bhainfeadh siad anuas me ! " 

" Is dona an ghaisgidheacht do rinne tu nuair bhi tu shuas ! " 

Thainig se abhaile [agus ceann an fhathaigh ann a laiinh] agua 
dubhairt an t-oncal go raibh trian d'a inghin gnothaighthe aige. 

" Ni buidheach diot-sa ta me, a bhodaigh," ar ses 

Ghabh se asteacb ann sin go dti a chailin mna fein, agus chuir 
si bioran suain ann a cheann an's go d' eirigh an la. Bhi dolas 
mor air nuair nach raibh cead cainte aige leithe go maidin. [Nuair 
dhuisigh se ar maidin dubhairt si leis] " ta fathach eile le marb- 
hadh agad, sin d' obair andiu ar son inghine m' oncail aris." 

Chuaidh se chum na coille, agus thainig an fear mor roimhe: 
" Fud, fad, feasog ! mothaighim boladh an Eireannaigh bhradaigh 
bhreagaigh ar fud m' fhoidin diithaigh ! " 

* Ni Eireannach bradach na breagach me, acht fear le ceart 
agus le coir do bhaint asad-sa." 

" Cia fearr leat, caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga na gabhail 
de sgeannaibh glasa i mbarr easnacha a-cheile ? " 

" Is fearr liom-sa caraigheacht ar leacachaibh dearga, 'n ait a 
mbeidh mo chosa mine uaisle i n-uachtar, agus do spaga mio- 
stuamacha ag dul i n-iochtar." 

Bhi siad ag troid ann sin gur chuimhnigh mac righ Eireann 
nach raibh fear a chaointe nd a shinte aige. Leis sin thug se 
fasgadh do'n fhathach go dti na gluna, agus an dara fasgadh go 
di an basta, agus an trfomhadh fasgadh go dti meall a bhraghaid 
'san talamh; 

" Fod glas os do chionn a fhathaigh !" 

" Is fior sin, is tu an gaisgidheach is fearr d'a bhfacaidh me 
riarnh no d'a bhfeicfidh me choidhche. Agus bhearfaidh me 
seoide mac-righ agus tighearna dhuit, acht sporail m'anam." 

" Do sheoide i lathair a bhodaigh ! " 

" Bhearfaidh me each caol donn duit, bhearfas naoi n-uaire 
ar an ngaoith roimpi, sul mbeiridh [sul do bheir] an ghaoth 'na 
diaigh aon uair amhain uirri." 

Thog se an cloidheamh agus chaith se an ceann de, agus chuir 
se naoi n-iomaire agus naoi n-eitrighe uaidh e le neart na buille 


" Ochon go deo?" ar san ceann, " da bhfaghainn dul suas ar 
gcolainn aris, agus a bhfuil i n-Eirinn ni bhearfadh siad anuas 





The Red Duck. 3785 

neck. He cut off his head without error or mishap; he threw 
it nine ridges and nine furrows away from him. 

" It is true," said the head, " if I could only join my body 
again, all that is in Ireland could never cut it off." 

" It is a wretched business the feat you did perform when 
you were there." He went to the house with the head of the 
giant in his hand, and the uncle told him he had gained the 
third part of his daughter. 

" I am in no way grateful to you for that, you churl." 
He went into the house and sat by the young girl, who 
again put the pin of sleep into his head until the dawn of 
day. He had great sorrow because he was not allowed to 
speak to her until the morning. When he woke up in the 
morning, she said to him, "You have another giant to kill; 
that is your task again for the daughter of my uncle." 

He went to the wood to seek the giant. " Fud fod fesog," 
said the giant, "I smell the blood of a lying Irish rascal." 

"I am neither lying nor a rascally Irishman, but a man 
who will make you do right and justice." 

" Which do you prefer, to fight on the red-hot flagstones, 
or shall we fight to plunge the knives of gray steel in each 
other's sides ? " 

" I prefer to fight on the red-hot flagstones, where my small 
pretty feet shall be on top, where your heavy ill-built hoofs 
shall be going down." 

They fought until the son of the King of Ireland remembered 
that there was no man to weep for his loss or to lay him out 
when he was dead. Thereupon he caught the giant in a grip, 
and forced him up to his knees into the earth; a second sent 
him in up to his waist, and a third up to the lump of his throat. 
" A green turf over your head, giant ! " 
" It is true that you are the best fighter than I ever saw, 
or ever shall see, and I will give you the treasures of the sons 
of kings and lords, but spare my life." 

" Give me the treasures on the spot, you rascal." 
" I will give you my light-brown horse, which will beat the 
wind in swiftness nine times before the wind can beat him 

He lifted the sword, cut off the giant's head, and by the force 
of the blow sent it nine ridges and nine furrows away. 

"Alas, what luck," said the head; "if only I got on my 
body again, all that there is in Ireland could never take me 
down again." r . , _ . ., , - 

6 Irish Lit. Vol. io— E 

3786 An Lacka Dhearg; 

" Budh bheag an ghaisgidheacht do rinne tu, nuair bhi tii shuas 
uirrl cheana ! " 

Thainig se a-bhaile ann sin, agus thainig an t-oncal amach 
roimhe aris : " Ta da dtrian de m' inghin gnothuighthe agad 

" Ni buldheach di'ot-sa ta me, a bhodaigh." 

Ghabh se asteach ann sin ann san riima, agus fuair se a chailin 
mna fein roimhe, agus ni raibh bean 'san domhan budh bhreagh- 
dha 'na i. Bhi siad ag caint go h-am suipeir, agus dubhairt sf 
leis tar eis an t-suipeir a cheann do leagan ar a h-uchd, agus 
nuair rinne se sin chuir si bioran suain ann go maidin. Bhi se 
triobloideach nuair nach raibh cead cainte aige leithe go maidin. 
[Nuair dhuisigh se dubhairt si leis.] " Ta fathach eile le marbh- 
adh agad ar son inghine m' oncail aris andiii, agus ta faitchio3 
orm go bhfuighfidh tii cruaidh e seo. Acht seo coileainfn beag 
madaidh dhuit, agus leig amach faoi n-a chosaibh e, agus b' 
eidir go dtiubhraidh se congnamh beag duit. Agus amharc ar 
an meadhon-lae de'n la, ar do ghualainn dheis, agus geobhaidh 
tii mise mo cholum geal, agus bhearfaidh me congnamh dhuit." 

Chuaidh se chum na coille agus thainig an fathach mor 
ehuige. " Ni mharbhochaidh tu mise le do choinin granna mar 
mharbh tu mo bheirt dhearbhrathar, a raibh fear aca cuig 
bliadhna agus fear aca seacht mbliadhna go leith." 

" Fualr me garbh go leor iad sin fein," ar sa mac righ 

Ghabh siad de na sgeannaibh glasa ! mbarr easnacha a-chelle; 
chuirfeadh siad clth teineadh d'a gcroicionn arm agus eadalgh: 
Nuair thdinlg an meadhon-lae, d'amharc se ar a ghualainn 
dheis agus chonnalrc se an colum geal. Nuair chonnalrc an 
fathach mor an colum, rinne se seabhac de fein, acht rinne sise 
tri meirrliuin df fein, de'n choilean, agus de mhac righ Eireann, 
agus throld siad leis an seabhac ann san aer, agus thuirllng siad 
ar an talamh aris. Dubhairt an fathach mor ann sin; "is tii an 
fear gan chelll, cad e 'n sort Gwtf-al ata agad, thii fein agus an da 
raid in granna sin ? Ni'l aon fhear le fdghail le mise do mharbhadh 
acht Realandar mac righ Eireann." 

*' Mise an fear sin." 

" Ma's tii e," ar san fathach, " tarrnochaidh [tarrongaidh] tu 
an cloidheamh so." Shaith se a cliloldhoamh asteach 'san 
gcarraig, agus dubhairt, " tarraing an cloidheamh so m& 's td 

The Red Buck; 3787 

"It was a pretty small good you did when you were up 
there before." 

He went to the house then, and the uncle came out to meet 
him, and said, " You have gained two-thirds of my daughter." 

" I am in no way grateful to you for that, you churl." 

He went indoors then, and in the room he found his young girl 
before him, and there was no woman in the whole world who 
was more beautiful than she. They talked until supper-time, 
and after supper she told him to lay his head upon her breast, 
and when he had done so, she put the pin of sleep into his 
head until morning. He was vexed because he was not allowed 
to speak to her until morning. 

When he was awake again, she said to him, " You have yet 
another giant to kill for the daughter of my uncle to-day, 
but I fear that it will be hard for you; but here is a little 
dog for you, let him follow at your heels, and it is possible that 
he may be of some use to you; and in the middle of the day 
look over your right shoulder; you will find me there in the 
form of a white dove, and I will bring you help." 

He went to the wood, and the great giant came to him. 
" You will not kill me with your horrible little dog, as you 
have killed my two other brothers, one of whom was five years 
old and the other seven and a half." 

" I found them, nevertheless, fierce enough," said the son of 
the King of Ireland. Then each of them plunged their gray 
steel knives at each other's sides, and they would send a rain 
of fire out of their skins, their arms and their clothes. 

When the middle of the day came, he looked upon his right 
shoulder, and he saw the white dove. When the giant saw the 
dove he changed himself into a falcon; but she made 
three hawks, one of herself, one of the little dog, and one 
of the son of the King of Ireland, and they fought with the 
falcon in the air, until they came down to earth again. 

" You are a fool," the great giant said then. " What 
joke are you playing me, you and those two wretched little 
things ? The man that could kill me is not to be found, except 
Realander, the son of the King of Ireland." 

" I am that man ! " 

" If you are," said the giant, " you will pull out this sword." 

He plunged his sword into a rock, and said, " Pull out the 
eword if you are Realander." 

3788 CAo^neAt> na cni riunr\e; 

Tharraing se an cloidheamh, agus bhuail se an fathach m6r 
leis, agus chaith se an ceann de. Bhi se fein lolte. Bhi gearradh 
mor faoi bhonn a chich' deas [deise]. Tharraing si amach 
buldeull beag iocshlainte, agus chneasaigh si e. Chuaidh se a- 
bhaile ann sin, agus thainig an t-oncal roimhe. 

" Ta m'inghean gnothuighthe agad anocht." 

" Ni buidheach diot-sa ata mise a bhodaigh." 

Ghabh se asteach ann a ruma fein, agus fuair se a bhean 
astlgh ann roimhe. 

CAoineAt) riA cm tiitnrte> 

[From Douglas Hyde's "Religious Songs of Connacht."] 

■RdC^m.Aoi'O Cum An Cfteibe 

50 mot an mxMt)in AmAjVAOj 

(Ocon Agtif ot on 6,) 
*' A fieATi&Mp. riA r»-AbfCAt 

An tt^AC^it) cu mo 5^"° S eA ^ • " 

(OCon -Agu-p oc on 6.) 

s< m^ife-At) ! a itlAig'oeAti,- 

ConnxMfC me An bAtt e, 

(Ocon A5«f oC on 6.) 
A5«r 01 re gAbtA 50 c|\uAi , d 

1 lAfl A nAtilAT)," 

(Ocon Aguf 06 on 6.) 

" Oi tux)Af 'nA Aice 

A-$ur f.115 re gneim tAirh' Ain," 

(Ocon Agur oc on 6.) 
" ttlAireA-O a lu'OAir rjnA"OAi5 

Cneu-o -oo nmne mo $nA"6 °V Z • " 

(Ocon A^uf oc on 6.) 

Literally: We shall go to the mountains early in the morning to- 
mori'ow, ochone and ochone, O ! Peter of the apostles, did you see my 
white Love. Ochone and ochone, O ! 

Mush a, O Mother, I did see him just now, ochone and ochone, O! 
And he was caught firmly in the midst of his enemies, ochone and 
ochone, O ! 

Judas was near him, and he took a hold of his hand, ochone, etc. 
" Musha, O vile Judas, what did my love do to you, ochone," etc. 

He never did anything to child or infant, ochone, etc. And he put 
anger on his mother never, ochone, etc. 

The Keening of the Three Marys : 3789 

He pulled out the sword and smote the great giant, and cut 
off his head. He was wounded himself; he had a great cut 
above his right breast; she drew out a little bottle of balsam 
and cured him. 

He went into the house then and the uncle said to him, 
" You have gained my daughter this evening." 

" I am not at all grateful to you for it, you churl." 

He went into his room and there found his wife before him. 


A Traditional Folk Ballad. 

Taken down from O'Kearney, a schoolmaster near Belmullet, Co. Mayo 
[From the " Religious Songs of Connacht," by Douglas Hyde.l 

Let us go to the mountain 

All early on the morrow. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
"Hast thou seen my bright darling, 

O Peter, good apostle ? " 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !)* 

" Aye ! truly, O Mother, 

Have I seen him lately, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
Caught by his foemen, 

They had bound him straitly." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

"Judas, as in friendship 

Shook hands, to disarm him." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
O Judas ! vile Judas ! 

My love did never harm him, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

* This is nearly in the curious wild metre of the original. " Agus,"=: " and," is 
pronounced "ocrsrus." In another version of this piece, which I heard from my 
friend Michael MacRuaidhrigh, the cur-fa ran most curiously, tick tick agus tick ud 
&n, after the first two lines, and&vfc tick, agus, och tin o after the next two. Thus:— 

l-eAJAT) AnUAf- 1 U-UCT) A triACAft e 

(Oc, 6c, 4j«f oc uc An) 
JJabAfo a tetc. a x>a rhuijie Ajuf- cAomi5i"6e. 
(Oc oc, Ajuf 6c thi 6.) 

3790 CAomeA-6 nA cjai muine. 

" til , 6eAj\nAi'6 f e AfUArh 

"Oat>a aja leAnb nA pAifce, 
(OCon Aguf oc on 6.) 

-Aguf niop cuijA fe peAps 
/AfviAfh A|\ a mAtAin," 
(OCon Agtif 06 on 6.) 

tluAifi jruAin nA "oeAmAin 4m<sc 
50 tnbu-o 1 pem a mAtAip, 
(Ocon Agup 06 on o.) 

fcogA'OAtt fUAf 

A^ a nguAilmD 50 ti-Ajvo 1; 
(Ocon Aguf oc on 6 !) 

Aguf quakca-oak -piof 

Aft ClOCAID nA ffAI'Oe f 
(Ocon Aguf oc on 6 !) 
Cuai* fi 1 lAige 

A^tif 01 a jLunA seAftntA 
(OCon Aguf oc on 6 !) 

" Uudili-o me pern 

x\s«f nA bAin te mo tfi^tAip." 
(Ocon Aguf oC on 6 !) 

s - buAilpinuT) tu pern. 

-A'f mAflboCAtttAOIT) "DO iflAtAin,'* 

(OCon Aguf oc on 6 !) 

ScnbiceAtMn An oj\aij5 teo 
-An tA fin 6 n-A lACAift,- 
(OCon Agtif oc on 6 !) 

Ace "oo leAn An tf)Ai;g"oeAn 
1at) Ann fAn bpAfAC 
(Ocon A^uf oc on 6 !) 

" Cia An oeAn 1 fm 

'Haj\ n-oiAi$ Ann f An opAfAC ? ** 
(Ocon Aguf oc on 6 !) 

" 5° "oeirhin mA ca beAn A|\ bit Ann 
'Si mo mAtAin," 
(Ocon Aguf oC on 6 !) 

They tore with them the captive, that clay from her presence, ochone. 
etc. But the Virgin followed them, into the wilderness, ochone, etc. 

What woman is that after us in the wilderness, ochone, etc. Indeed 
if there is any woman in it, it is my mother, ochone, etc. 

TJie Keening of the Three Marys. 3791 

No child has he injured, 

Not the babe in the cradle, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
Nor angered his mother 

Since his birth in the stable. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

When the demons discovered 

That she was his mother, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
They raised her on their shoulders, 

The one with the other ; 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

And they cast her down fiercely 

On the stones all forlorn, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
And she lay and she fainted 

With her knees cut and torn. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" For myself, ye may beat me, 

But, oh, touch not my mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
" Yourself — we shall beat you, 

But we'll slaughter your mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

They dragged him off captive, 

And they left her tears flowing, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
But the Virgin pursued them, 

Through the wilderness going. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" Oh, who is yon woman ? 

Through the waste comes another." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
" If there comes any woman 

It is surely my mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

When the demons found out that she herself was his mother, ochone, 
etc., they lifted her up upon their shoulders on high, ochone, etc. 

And they smote her down upon the stones of the street, ochone, etc. 
She went into a faint, and her knees were cut, ochone, etc. 

Beat myself, but do not touch my mother, ochone, etc. We shall 
beat yourself, and we shall kill your mother, ochone, etc. 

3792 CAomeA-o nA cni muine: 

w A eoin, feuC, f A^Aim onr 

CiinAtn mo rhAtAn, 

(OC on Aj;ur oC on 6.) 
CongOAig uAim i 

go scnioCnoCAi-b me An pAif reo/* 

(OCon Agur oc on 6 !) 

TluAin cuAtAit) An mAij-oeAn 

An ceiteAonAt) cnAi-oce,- 

(OCon Aguf oC on 6 !) 
tug ri teim tAn ati ngAn'OA 

Ajjur leim* 50 cnAtm nA pAire 

(OCon Aguf oC on 6 !) 

Cia b-e An peAn bneAj; pn 

An CnAnn nA pAire 

(OCon Aguf oC on 6 !) 
An e nAC n-AicmjeAnn cu 

'Oo tfiAC A tflAtAItt ? 

(OCon Aguf oC on 6 !) 

An e fin mo leAnb 

A "o'lomCAn me cni p-Aitej 

(OCon Agur oC on 6 !) 
Ho An e fin An teAnb 

"Oo n-oiteAt) 1 n-ucc lilAine ? 

(OCon Agur oC on 6 !) 
***** 2? 

CAiteA"OAfl AnuAf e 

IIa rp6tAib seAnntA 

(OCon Aguf oC on 6 !) 
" Sm CugAib Anoir e 

Aguf cAoimsn!) bun fAic A.n," 

(OCon, Agur oC on o !) 

JtAot) An nA cni tilmne 

50 scAomfimTO An ngn^t) geAt 
(OCon, Aguf oC on o !) 

Ua -oo Ctn-o mnA-CAOince 
te bneic por a niAC^in 
(OCOn, Aj;ur oC on o!) 

Is that my child that I carried for three-quarters of a year, ochone, 
etc. Or is that the child that was reared in the bosom of Mary, 
ochone, etc. 

O Owen (i.e., John) see, I leave to thee the care of my mother, ochone, 
etc. Keep her from me until I finish this passion, ochone, etc. 

When the Virgin heard the sorrowful notes, ochone, etc. She gave 
a leap past the guard, and the second leap to the tree of the passion, 
ochone, etc. 

The Keening of the Three Marys. 3793 

"O John, care her, keep her, 

Who comes in this fashion," 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
But oh, hold her from me 

•Till I finish this passion." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O!) 

When the Virgin had heard him 

And his sorrowful saying, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
She sprang past his keepers 

To the tree of his slaying. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" What fine man hangs there 

In the dust and the smother?' 8 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
"And do you not know him? 

He is your son, O Mother." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

" Oh, is that the child whom 

I bore in this bosom, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
Or is that the child who 

Was Mary's fresh blossom ?" 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

They cast him down from them, 

A mass of limbs bleeding. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
" There now he is for you, 

Now go and be keening." 

(Ochone agus ochone, O!) 

Go call the three Marys 

Till we keene him forlorn, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
O mother, thy keeners 

Are yet to be born, 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 

Who is that fine man on the tree of the passion, ochone, etc. Is it 
that you do not recognise your son. O mother, ochone, etc. 

They threw him down [a mass of] cut limbs, ochone, etc. There he is 
for you now, and keene your enough over him, ochone, etc. 

Call the three Marys until we keene our bright love, ochone, etc. Thy 
share of woman-keeners are yet to be born, ochone ; etc. 

Thou shalt be with me yet in the garden of Paradise, ochone, etc. 
Until thou be a . . . (?) woman in the bright city of the graces, 
ochone. and ochone, etc. 

3794 UobAf tilinfe: 

t)eit> cu tiom-fA 

go foil 1 ngAifoin pinncAitv 
(OCbn Aguf oc on 6 !) 

50 fAib cu "oo beAn lomf^* (?) 

1 gCACAin 51 1 nA njfAfA 

(Ocbn Aguf oc on 6 !) 

rot>AR rrmine.< 

A bfAt) 6 fom t>o bi cobAn beAnnAigce 1 mt)Aile An cobAin,^ 1 
SCon-OAe tiling eb. t)i niAimfCif Ann fAn aic a bpuit An cobAfl 
Anoir, Aguf if a\\ tofj; AlcbfA nA mAimrcfe t>o bfif An cobAjt 
auiac; t)i An rhAinifcin An tAOib cntnc, acc ntiAin CAinig CnomAit 
Agur a cult) fgniofA-ooi-p Cum nA cife feo, teA^A-OAf. An riiAinifcin,- 
A^uf nion fAgA-oAf ctoc of cionn ctoice "oe'n Atcbin nAf caic- 
eAt)An fiop 

tHiA-bAin o'n l& no teA5At>An An Atcbin, 'fe fin IS feil thuife 
'fan eAffAC, 'feA-o bnif An cobAf AmAC An tof.5 nA ti-Alxbn a, Aguf 
if longAncAc An nut) be fAt) uac fAib bfAon uifge Ann fAn fnuc 
■oo bi A5 bun An cntnc o'n t& "oo bnif An cobAf AtnAC: 

t)i bnAtAin bocc A5 r>ul nA ftige An tA ceutmA, A^uf CuAit> fe 
Af a beAlAC be p<Mt)if T)o fAt) Af long tia n-AlconA beAnnAigce, 
Aguf bi longAncAf mbn Ain ntiAin ConnAinc fe cobAf bne^g Ann 
a h-Aic: CuAit) fe Af a gtunAib Ajuf tofAig fe A5 f^"6 a pAi-one 
nuAif. cuaIai-0 fe gut A5 fA*, " cuin tn'oc -oo bnogA, cA cu Af 
caIaui beAnnAigte, cS cu A-p bnuAb UobAin tfluipe, Aguf cA leigeAf 
nA mitce caoc Ann: t)eit) •oume teigeAfCA te uifge An cobAin 
fm AnAjAit) 5AC uite "bume "o'eifc Aifnionn 1 tACAin nA h-AlcbfA 
•oo bi Ann fAn Aic Ann a bptnt An cobAf Anoif, m& bionn fiA-o 
cutnCA cpi n-tiAine Ann, 1 n-Ainm An AtAn An tilic Aguf Ati 

Sp10fA1T» tlAOIttl." 

tluAifV bi a pAiT>p.eACA f^Tbce A5 An mbNAtAip. ■o'peuC fe fUAf 

* This is not the Roscommon Ballintubber, celebrated for the ancient 
castle of the O'Conors, which is called in Irish " Baile-an-tobair Ui Chon- 
chubhair," or " O'Conor's Ballintubber," but a place near the middle of 
the County Mayo, celebrated for its splendid abbey, founded by one of 
the Mac a' Mhilidhs, a name taken by the Stauntons [Mac-a-Veely, i.e., 
" son of the warrior," now pronounced so that no remains of any vulgar 
Irish sound may cling to it, as " Mac Evilly !]. The prophecy is current 
in Mayo that when the abbey is re-roofed Ireland shall be free. My 

Mary's Well. 3795 

Thyself shall come with me 

Into Paradise garden. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 
To a fair place in heaven 

At the side of thy darling. 

(Ochone agus ochone, O !) 


A Religious Folk Tale. 

[From the " Religious Songs of Connacht," by Douglas Hyde.] 

[Taken down from Proinsias O'Conchubhair.] 

Long ago there was a blessed well in Ballintubber {i.e., town 
of the well),* in the County Mayo. There was once a 
monastery in the place where the well is now, and it was on 
the spot where stood the altar of the monastery that the well 
broke out. The monastery was on the side of a hill, but when 
Cromwell and his band of destroyers came to this county, they 
overthrew the monastery, and never left stone on top of stone 
in the altar that they did not throw down. 

A year from the day that they threw down the altar — that 
was Lady Day in spring — the well broke out on the site of 
the altar, and it is a wonderful thing to say, but there was 
not one drop of water in the stream that was at the foot of 
the hill from the day that the well broke out. 

There was a poor friar going the road the same day, and 
he went out of his way to say a prayer upon the site of the 
blessed altar, and there was great wonder on him when ha 
saw a fine well in its place. He fell on his knees and began 
to say his paternoster, when he heard a voice saying : ' Put 
off your brogues, you are upon blessed ground, you are on 
the brink of Mary's Well, and there is the curing of thousands 
of blind in it; there shall be a person cured by the water of 
that well for every person who heard Mass in front of the 
altar that was in the place where the well is now, if they be 
dipped three times in it, in the name of the Father, the Son, 
and the Holy Spirit." 

When the friar had his prayers said, he looked up and 

friend, Colonel Maurice Moore, told me that when he was a young boy he 
often wondered why the people did not roof the abbey and so free Ire- 
land without any more trouble. The tomb of the notorious Shaun-na- 
Sagart, the priest hunter, which is not far from it, is still pointed out 
by the people. It is probably he who is the " spy " in this story, though 
his name is not mentioned. 

3796 CobAf liluinej 

Aguf ConnAifc cotutn mof gtegeAt An CfAnn jiubAif i ngAf x>6i 
t)ut) h-i An cotum "oo bi a$ cAinc; X)\ An bfAtAif jteufCA 1 n- 
eu-OAijib-bfeige, mAf. bi tuAC Af a CeAnn, Corn trior* A^uf "oo bf 
Ari CeAnn mA'OfA-AttA: 

Af Caoi An bit "o'fuAgAif fe An fgeut -oo -OAOimb An bAite bi^, 
Ajuf niof bpAt)A 50 rToeACATO fe cfi"o An cif. t)u"0 boCc An aic 
i, Aguf ni n Aib acc botAm A5 nA "OAoinib, Aguf iat> tioncA te 
•oeACAt; An An A-ObAn fin bi cuit> mAit "oe "OAomib caoCa Ann: 
"le clApfolAf, Ia Af nA tiiAfvAC, bi of cionn "oa fiCit) "OAome Ann,- 
A5 cobAf ttluine, A^ur ni fAib feAf nA beAn aca nAC "ocAim^ Af 
Aif te fA-OAfc mAit; 

Cuai* ctu cobAin Tiluife zpx> An cif, Aguf tiion bf at>a 50 fAib 
oitic^eACA o saC uite conT>Ae A5 ceACc 30 CobAf liluine, Aj;uf 
ni -OeACAit) Aon neAC aca An Aif gAn beit teigeAfCA ; Aguf f ao: 
CeAnn cAmAitt t»o bit>eAt) "OAome Af cioftAib eite fern, Ag ceAcc 
50 t>ci UobAn ttluine: 

t)i feAf mi-Onei-orheAC 'nA Con'munie 1 n$Af "oo 1!)Aite-An-cobAif: 
"Ouine UAfAt "oo bi Ann, A^uf nion CfeiT> fe 1 teigeAf An cobAif 
beAnnAigce; "OubAinc fe nAC fAib Ann acc pifcneogA, Aguf le 
mAjAt) "oo "oeunAm ah nA "OAoimb tug fe AfAll "OAtt "oo bi Aige 
Cum An cobAif Aguf turn a CeAnn f aoi An uifge: puAif An c-Af Att 
fAt)Afc, aCc cugAt) An niASATDoirv A-bAite Corii "OAtt te bun •oo 

"Paoi CeAnn btiAt>nA tuic fe AmAC 50 fAib f A^AfC A3 obAin mAf 
gAfOA-ooif A5 An "ouine-uAfAt 00 bi -OAtt; t)i An fAgAfc gteufCA 
mAf feAf-oibf.e, Aguf m f Aib fiof A5 "oume Af bit 50 tubuo f AgAfC 
•oo bi Aim: Aon tA AriiAin bi An "ouine uAfAt bfeoit)ce Aguf 

"o'lAff fe Af A feAfbfOJAIICA e "OO tAbAlfC AmAC 'f An ngAffOA: 

tluAif tAimg fe Cum ua b-Aice a fAib An fAgAfc Ag obAif, fui-6 
fC fiof: " tlAC mof An cfUAg e," Af feifeAn, " nA6 "ocig tiom 
mo gAfbA bfCAj -o'feiceAt ! " 

$tAC AU SAfbA-OOIf CfUA1$ *06 AgUf "OUbAlfC, - Ca flOf A5Am 

ca bfvnt feAf "oo ICijfeOCA-O tu, aCc cA tuAC An a CeAnn mAn 
geAtt Af a Criei'oeArh." 

" t3eifim-fe m'focAt uaC nt>eunfAit) mife fpit)eA"o<3ifeACc Aif» 
A^uf iocfAifj me 50 mAit e An fon a tfiobtoit»e," An fAn *ouine 


' ACc b'emip nAf rhAit teAC "out cni-o An cfti$e-ftAnAi$te azS 
Aige," Af fAn ^Af'CA'ooiri: 

" 1f cumA tiom ciA An Cftige acA Aije mA tu^Ann fe mo fAt>Afc 
"OAm," Af fAn "oume UAfAt: 

Anoif, bi "OfoC-Ctu An An "ouine-uAfAl, mAf bf Ait fe a tAn t>e 

Mary's Well: 3797 

saw a large white dove upon a fir tree near him. It was the 
dove who was speaking. The friar was dressed in false clothes, 
because there was a price on his head, as great as on the 
head of a wild-dog. 

At any rate he proclaimed the story to the people of the 
little village, and it was not long till it went out through the 
country. It was a poor place, and the people in it had nothing 
[to live in] but huts, and these filled with smoke. On that 
account there were a great many weak-eyed people amongst 
them. With the dawn, on the next day, there were about forty 
people at Mary's Well, and there was never man nor woman 
of them but came back with good sight. 

The fame of Mary's Well went through the country, and it 
was not long till there were pilgrims from every county coming 
to it, and nobody went back without being cured ; and at the 
end of a little time even people from other countries used to 
be coming to it. 

There was an unbeliever living near Mary's Well. It was 
a gentleman he was, and he did hot believe in the cure. He 
said there was nothing in it but pishtrogues (charms), and to 
make a mock of the people he brought a blind ass, that he 
had, to the well, and he dipped its head under the water. 
The ass got its sight, but the scoffer was brought home as* 
blind as the sole of your shoe. 

At the end of a year it so happened that there was a priest 
working as a gardener with the gentleman who was blind. 
The priest was dressed like a workman, and nobody at all 
knew that it was a priest who was in it. One day the 
gentleman was sickly, and he asked his servant to take him 
out into the garden. When he came to the place where the 
priest was working he sat clown. "Isn't it a great pity," 
says he, "that I cannot see my fine garden?" 

The gardener took compassion on him, and said, " I know 
where there is a man who would cure you, but there is a price 
on his head on account of his religion." 

" I give my word that I'll do no spying on him, and I'll 
pay him well for his trouble," said the gentleman. 

" But perhaps you would not like to go through the mode- 
of-curing that he has," says the gardener. 

" I don't care what mode he has, if he gives me my sight," 
said the gentleman. 

Now, the gentleman had an evil character, because he 

3798 UobAf Tfluife; 

fAgAfCAib foime fin ; thnsAtn An c-Ainm "oo bi Aif; Af caoi An 
bit gtAC An fAgAfc tneifneAC Aguf T>ubAifc, " tHot) "oo Coifce 
fei-b An mAiTiin AmAfAC, A5tif aomAinrrb mife tu 50 "oci aic "oo 
teijjif, m C15 te coifceoin nA te Aon "oume eite beit 1 tAcAin aCc 
mire, Ajuf nA n-mnif t>'Aon "oume An bit cA bfuit cu Ag "out, no 
por cat> e -oo jnAite (gno)." 

x\n niAi*oin, Ia An nA mAf AC, bi coifce "bingAm feno, Ajuf Cuai-6 
re fein AfceAC, teif An n5AfbAT>bif "o'a tiomAinc " fAn, tufAy 
Ann f An mbAite An c-Atn f o," An fe teif An 5-coirce6in, H A^uf 
tiomAinprd An 5An"6AT)6in me." t)i An cbifcebif 'nA biteAtnnAC,- 
•Aguf bi eu"o Ain, A^tif gtAC re nun 50 mbei-oeAt) re Ag fAife nA 
coifce, te f AgAit AmAc cia An aic f Aib fiAT> le •out: t)i a §teur 
beAnnAigte Ag An fAgAfc, CAob-Afaj x>e'n euoAC eile: tluAin 
tAngA-OAn 50 UobAf Itluife "oubAinc An fAgAfc teif, " 1f rA^Anc 
mife, ca me "out te x>o nA'OAnc "o'fAjAit "Dine 'fAn ^ 1C A t* CAitt 
cu e." Ann fin cum re cfi uAine Ann fAn cobAf e, 1 n-Ainm An 
AtAn An Ttlic Aguf ah SpiofAro TlAoim, Agur tAmi5 a fA-bAfc 
cuige com rnAit A^ur bi re AfiAtfi. 

" "DeunpAit) me ceuo punc x>uic," An f a tJingAm, " Com tuAt 
Aj;ur nACpAf me A-bAite." 

t)f An cbirceoin aj; fAifej A^uf Com UiAt Aguf ConnAinc re An 
rAgAnc Ann a gteuf beAnnAijce, Cuai"6 fe 50 tuCc An "otige Aguf 
bf Ait fe An fAjAfc "Oo gAbAt) Agtif "oo cnoCA-6 e gAn bfeiceAm 
gAn bfeiceAmnAf. "O'veu-ofA* An feAf x>o bi CAf eif a fA-OAifC 

•o'fAJAIt Af Alf, An fA5AfC "OO fAOfAt), ACC niOf tADAin fe fOCAt 

Af. a fon. 

Omciott miofA ^nA "oiai$ fe6, tAinij; fA^Afc eite 50 "bm^Am 
Aguf e gteufCA mAf jAjvoA-ooin, Ajuf -o'lAff fe obAif. Af "Dm^Am 
Aguf fUAif uAit) 1; ACc m f Aib fe A bf At) Ann a feifbif 50 "ocAplA 
•ofoC-fUT) no "bingAm. Cuai* fC AmAC Aon tA AttiAm A5 fiiibAt 
cfi"o nA pAifceAnnAib, Ajuf "oo cAfA* CAitin mAifeAC, ingeAn fif. 
boiCc, Aif, Aguf finne fC mAftugAt) uiffi, A^tif "o'f^lg teAt-mAfb 
1: t)i cniuf •oeAfbfAtAf A5 An gcAitin, Agtif cu^A'OAf nnonnA 50 
mAfb6CA-6 fiA*o e Com tuAt Aguf 5eobAi"oif Sfeim Aif. Hi fAib A 
bfA-o te fAnAmAinc aca. $AbA-OAf e fAti Aic Ceu-onA Af rftAftAi$ 
fe An CAitin, Aguf <fefocAT)Af e Af CfAnn, Aguf -o'fASA-OAf Ann nn 

C 'nA CfOCAt). 

Af mArom, An LA An nA mAfAC, bi mittiumi-b "oe miotc65Aib 
cfummjce, mAf Cnoc mof, dmCiott An CfAinn, Aguf niof feuw 
•oume An bit "out AnAice teif, mAf £eAtt Af ah mbotA"6 bfCAti 
•00 bi cimCiott nA b-Aice, A^uf "oume An bit x>o \\aCaX) AnAice 
teif, t)o "OAtifAt) iia miotcbgA e; 

Mary's Well. 3799 

betrayed a number of priests before that. Bingham was the 
name that was on him. However, the priest took courage, and 
said, " Let your coach be ready on to-morrow morning, and 
I will drive you to the place of the cure ; neither coachman nor 
anyone else may be present but myself, and do not tell to 
anyone at all where you are going, or give anyone a knowledge 
of what is your business." 

On the morning of the next day Bingham's coach was ready, 
and he himself got into it, with the gardener driving him. 
" Do you remain at home this time," says he to the coachman, 
" and the gardener will drive me." The coachman was a 
villain, and there was jealousy on him. He conceived the idea 
of watching the coach to see what way they were to go. His 
blessed vestments were on the priest, inside of his other clothes. 
When they came to Mary's Well the priest said to him, " I am 
going to get back your sight for you in the place where you; 
lost it." Then he dipped him three times in the well, in the 
name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and his 
sight came to him as well as ever it was. 

" I'll give you a hundred pounds," said Bingham, " as soon 
as I go home." 

The coachman was watching, and as soon as he saw the 
priest in his blessed vestments, he went to the people of the 
law, and betrayed the priest. He was taken and hanged, 
without judge, without judgment. The man who was after 
getting back his sight could have saved the priest, but he 
did not speak a word in his behalf. 

About a month after this, another priest came to Bingham, 
and he dressed like a gardener, and he asked work of 
Bingham, and got it from him; but he was not long in his 
service until an evil thing happened to Bingham. He went 
out one day walking through his fields, and there met him 
a good-looking girl, the daughter of a poor man, and he 
assaulted her, and left her half dead. The girl had three 
brothers, and they took an oath that they would kill him as 
soon as they could get hold of him. They had not long to 
wait. They caught him in the same place where he assaulted 
the girl, and hanged him on a tree, and left him there hanging. 

On the morning of the next day millions of flies were 
gathered like a great hill round about the tree, and nobody 
could go near it on account of the foul smell that was round 
the place, and, anyone who would go near it, the midges would 
blind him. 

3800 CobAp ttlmpe: 

tJAips beAn astir mAC "DinjAtn cevx> ptinc "o'aoh "oinne "oo 
beAppAt) An copp AmAC. TliTine cuit> rhAit T)Aoine lAppAit) Aip fin "oo 
■oeunArii, aCc niop peu-OA-OAp. £uAip piAT) pii"OAp te cpAtAt) Att ha 
miotc<35Aib, Ajup geugA c^ Ann te tia mbuAtA-6, acc niop freu'OA'OA^ 
a fSApAt), nA "out com pat>a teip An jjcpAnn. t)i An bpeuncAf 
An eipi$e niop meApA, Agup bi eAjtA An nA comAppAnnAib 50 
•ociubpA-b nA miotcCgA Agup An copp bpeun ptAig oppA: 

t)i An T>AnA rA^Anc 'nA gAp-OA-ooip A3 thngAm 'pAn Am po, acc 
ni pAib piop A5 tuec An age gun fAgAnc "oo bi Ann, oip t>a mbeit}- 
eA"o piop A5 tuCc An "olije no ax, nA ppi , 6eA , o6ipib, "oo $eobA"0 
piAX) A^up "oo cnocpA'6 piA-o e; Cuait> nA CACoitcij 50 beAn 
"binjAm A^up •ouoApA'OAp tei 50 pAib eotap aca a\\ -ouine t>o 
-oibpeoCAt) nA miotcosA. " UAbAip CusAm 6," Ap pipe, " A511P 
nA'p pei-oip teip nA miotcosA x>o ttibipc ni n-e An "ouAip pin geobAp 
pe acc a peACc n-oipeAT); 

" x\cc," aj\ piA-o-pAn, " T)^ mbei-o' £iop 45 tuCc-An-'otige Agup 
x>a n^AbA-OAoip 6, "oo CpoCpA-OAOip e, mAp Cpoc piATi An peAp "OO 
puAip pA*Apc a put a\\ Aip "oo." " -Acc," ^ pipe, " nAC bpeu-opA-0 
pe nA miotcogA *oo "oibipc gAn piop Ag tucc-An-T)ti5e ? ' 

" tli't flop ASAinn," a\\ piA-o-pAn, " 50 ngtAcpAmAOiT) coriiAipte 

-An oit>Ce pm gtACATtAp corhAipte teip An pA^Apc, A$up "o'lnnip 
piAT) t)6 cat) "oubAipc beAn "GmgAm. 

" tli't AgAm aCc beAtA fAogAtCA te CAitteArhAinc," a^ pAn 
pA^Apc, " Agup beAppAit) me i a\\ pon nA nt>Aoine bocc, oip. 
beit) ptAij Ann pAn cip munA jcuippit) me "oibipc a\< v\a miotcos- 
Aib. -Ap mAit)in AmApAC, beit) lAppATO ajaui 1 n-Amm *Oe 1AT) "00 
•Oibipc, Agup ca mmnigm A^Am Agup t)otCAp 1 nT)iA 50 pAbAtpAit) 
pe m6 o mo Cuit) nArhAT); U6it) CU15 An beAn-uApAit Anoip, Agup 
AbAip tei 50 mbeit) me 1 n^Ap "oo'n CpAiin te b-eipige nA jpeine 
a\^ mAiT)m AmApAC, Agup AbAip tei pip "oo beit peit) aici teip An 

JCOpp "OO Cup 'pAn UAlg." 

Cuai* piAt) Cum ua mnA-uAipte, Agup "o'lnnip piAT> "oi An meAT> 
xiubAipc An pAgApC. 

" 1T1A eipigeAnn teip," a\^ pipe, " b6ix> An t)uAip p6it) A^Am -ooj 
Ajup opT)oCAit) m6 moip-peipeAp peAp "oo beit 1 tAtAip." 

CaiC An pA^Apc An oit)Ce pm 1 n-upnAijtib, A^up teAt-uAip poirh 
eipi$e ua 5p6me Cuai*o pe Cum ua b-Aice a pAib a s^ eu r beAnn- 
Aijce 1 bpotAC; Cuip p6 pm Aip, Agup te cpoip Ann a teAt-tAirii 
Agup te uip^e coippeA^tA Ann pAn tAim eite, Cuai* p6 Cum nA 
b-Aice a pAib ha miotco^A. UopAij pe Ann pin aj; teijeAt) Ay a 
teAbAp Agup A5 cpAtAt) uipge CoippeA5tA a\^ x\a miotcogAib, 1 n- 

Marifs Well.: 3801 

Bingham's wife and son offered a hundred pounds to anyone 
who would bring out the body. A good many people made 
an effort to do that, but they were not able. They got 
dust to shake on the flies, and boughs of trees to beat them 
with, but they were not able to scatter them, nor to go as far 
as the tree. The foul smell was getting worse, and the 
neighbours were afraid that the flies and noisome corpse would 
bring a plague upon them. 

The second priest was at this time a gardener with Bingham, 
but the people of the house did not know that it was a priest 
who was in it, for if the people of the law or the spies knew they 
would take and hang him. The Catholics went to Bingham's 
wife and told her that they knew a man who would banish 
the flies. " Bring him to me," said she, " and if he is able 
to banish the flies, that is not the reward he'll get, but seven 
times as much." 

" But," said they, " if the people of the law knew, they would 
take him and hang him, as they hung the man who got back 
the sight of his eyes for him before." " But," said she, " could 
not he banish the flies without the knowledge of the people of 
the law? " 

" We don't know," said they, " until we take counsel with 

That night they took counsel with the priest and told him 
what Bingham's wife said. 

" I have only an earthly life to lose," said the priest, " and 
I shall give it up for the sake of the poor people, for there will 
be a plague in the country unless I banish the flies. On 
to-morrow morning I shall make an attempt to banish them in 
the name of God, and I have hope and confidence in God that 
he will save me from my enemies. Go to the lady now, and 
tell her that I shall be near the tree at sunrise to-morrow 
morning, and tell her to have men ready to put the corpse in 
the grave." 

They went to the lady and told her all the priest said. 

" If it succeeds with him," said she, " I shall have the reward 
ready for him, and I shall order seven men to be present." 

The priest spent that night in prayer, and half an hour 
before sunrise he went to the place where his blessed vestments 
were hidden; he put these on, and with a cross in one hand, 
and with holy water in the other, he went to the place where . 
were the flies. He then began reading out of his book and 

3802 UobAf itltnfe; 

Ainm An AtAn An tYlic Agtif An SpiOfATo tlAom'i. T)'eifi3 An cnoc 
miotcos, Aguf *o'eiall fiAt> fUAf 'fan Aef, Aj;iif finneAt)Af An 
fpeif Com t>ofCA leif An oit)ce. Hi fAib fiof a$ nA "OAomib cia 
An aic a nx>eAi,AX)An, Act fAoi CeAnn leAt-uAife tn f Aib ceAnn T>iob 
te peiceAl (feicfinc). 

£>i tut$Ai|\e rhbf An tiA T)Aoinib, aCc nion X)?at>a 50 bfACAT)Af 
An rpi"oe *ooin Ag ceACc, Agtif jIaco fiAt) An An fAgAfc fit teif 
Com CApA A'-p 01 Ann; tug An f AgAfc "oo tiA bomn Aguf LeAn An 
fpi'OeA'ooin e, ■ASMf T5 1Arl Arm 5^ tAirh Aije. TluAin nAf pent) 
fe ceACC ftiAf teif, CAit fe An rjiAn 'nA "OiAig; tluAif 01 An fgiAn 
A3 "out tAf 5UAtAm An cfAjjAifc, cuif fe a tAtfi eie fUAf, Agtif 
5AD fe An fgiAn, A^up caic fe An fgiAn An Aif ^An peACAinc 
caoo fiAf. T>ej t)tiAit fi An peAf, Aguf CuAit) fi cpi-o a cpoite, gup 
tine fe mAfb, Agnf "o'lmtis ah fAgAfc fAOf. 

puAin nA pip copp t)in5Am, Ajuf CuifeAT>Af Ann fAn UA15 e, aCc 
nuAif CuATtAf cofp An fpi"0eAT>6fA "oo cuf, fUAifeATtAf, nA milxe 
*oe tuco^Aio mofA cimciotl Aif, A^tif ni fAib sferni peolA An a 
cnAifiAib nAC fAib itce aca; 11i CoffoCAT) fiAT) "oe'n Cofp Aguf 
niof pent) nA "OAome ia"o t>o fUAgAt), Aguf b'eigin "061b nA cnArtiA 
•OfAgbAit of cionn CAUfiAn. 

Cmp ah fA^Afc a gteuf beAnnAigte 1 bpolAC, Agup -oo bi A5 
obAip 'f An ngAf&A nuAif Cuif beAn "Dm^Am fiof Aif, Aguf Tt'iAff 
Aif An "ouAif t)o gtACAt) An fon nA mioUrosA "oo TnbifC, Aguf i 
•oo tAbAifc t)o'n feAf t»o "Oibif iat) niA bi eotAf Aige Aif. 

" Ua eotAf A^Ani Aif, A^uf "oubAifc fe tiom An "ouAif "oo 
tAbAifc Ctnge Anocc, niAf ca fim Aige An cif "o'fAsbAit fut mA 
gcfocf Ait) tuCc An "otije e." 

" Seo tunc 1," An fife, Aguf feACAi-o fi fpofAn oif "oo. 

An mAi*oin, tA Af nA itiAfAc, "o'lnitig An fAgAfc 50 coif nA 
^Aiff^e ; fUAif fe long t>o bi A5 "out Cum nA yn Aince, cuatO f6 
An bofo, A^uf Corn UiAt Aguf "o'fAg fe An cuaii Cuif fe Aif a 

ei1"OA15 fA^AIfC, A^Uf tllg bUI-OeACAf "OO *t)lA fAOl n-A tAbAlfC 

fAOfi tli't fiof AgAinn cat) tAflA "06 'nA "Oiaij fin. 

"CAn 6if fin -oo bitteA* "OAome "oaIIa Ajuf caoOa a^ cigeACC 
50 UobAf ttlmfe, A5Uf niof fill Aon "ouine aca AfiArh Af Aif ^An 
a beit teigeAfCA. x\Cc m fAib nnx) niAit Af bit AfiAtn Ann fAn 
cif feo, nAf miiteA'O te "ovnne eigin, Aguf milleAt) An cobAf, niAf 


Mary's Well. 3803 

scattering holy-water on the flies, in the name of the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost. The hill of flies rose, and flew 
up into the air, and made the heaven as dark as night. The 
people did not know where they went, but at the end of half 
an hour there was not one of them to be seen. 

There was great joy on the people, but it was not long till 
they saw the spy coming, and they called to the priest to run 
away as quick as it was in him to run. The priest gave to 
the butts * (took to his heels), and the spy followed him, and 
a knife in each hand with him. When he was not able to 
come up with the priest he flung the knife after him. As the 
knife was flying out past the priest's shoulder he put up his 
left hand and caught it, and without ever looking behind him 
he flung it back. It struck the man and went through his 
heart, so that he fell dead and the priest went free. 

The people got the body of Bingham and buried it in the 
grave, but when they went to bury the body of the spy they 
found thousands of rats round about it, and there was not a 
morsel of flesh on his bones that they had not eaten. The rats 
would not stir from the body, and the people were not able to 
hunt them away, so that they had to leave the bones overground. 

The priest hid away his blessed vestments and was working 
in the garden when Bingham's wife sent for him, and told him 
to take the reward that was for banishing the flies, and to 
give it to the man who banished them, if he knew him. 

" I do know him, and he told me to bring him the reward 
to-night, because he has the intention of leaving the country 
before the law-people hang him." 

" Here it is for you," said she, and she handed him a purse 
of gold. 

On the morning of the next day the priest went to the brink 
of the sea, and found a ship that was going to France. He 
went on board, and as soon as he had left the harbor he put 
his priest's clothes on him, and gave thanks to God for bringing 
him safe. We do not know what happened to him from that 

After that, blind and sore-eyed people used to be coming 
to Mary's Well, and not a person of them ever returned without 
being cured. But there never yet was anything good in this 
country that was not spoilt by somebody, and the well was 
spoilt in this way. 

* This ''s the absurd way the people of Connacht translate it when 
talking English. " Bonn " means both " sole " (of foot) and " butt." 

3804 UobAn tiluine: 

t)i cAitin i mt)Aite-An-cobAin, Agur bi ri Aft ci beic popcA, nuAin 
CAmij; reAn-beAn caoc cuici Ag lAnnAit) "oeince i n-onoin "oo "6ia 
A$ur T)o tiluine; 

" tli't Aon nu-o A^Am te CAbAinc -oo feAn-CAOCj\An cAittije, cA 
me bcbAnAijce aca," An rAn CAitin. 

" tIA |\Aib fAmne An porcA one A-coi-Oce 50 mbeit) cu com 
caoc A'f cA mire," An rAn creAn-beAn. 

-An mAixnn, tA An tiA mAnAC, bi rtnte An CAitin 015 nirhneAC,< 
Agur An mATom 'nA "oiaij rin bi ri beAg-nAC t>Att, Aj;ur "oubAinc 
nA corhAffAnnA 50 mbu-o Coin "Oi "out 50 UobAn tiluine: 

xXn mAiT>m 50 moC, "o'einiS ri, A$ur CuAit> ri Cum ah cobAin, 
aCc cneuT) "o'peicreAt) -pi Ann ACc au creAn-beAn tMAnn An "oeinc 
ui|\ni 'ua ruroe A5 bnuAC An cobAin, A5 ciAnAt) a cmn or cionn An 
cobAin beAnnAigte; 

" 1_ein-rj;nior one, a CAitteAC jnAnnA, An a$ f aIaCa* UobAin 
ttluine acA cu ? " An f An CAitin ; " itnti$ teAC no bnirrit) me t>o 

" tli't Aon onoin tii meAr a^ax> An *Oia nA An tiluine, "o'eicig 
cu -oeinc -oo CAbAinc 1 n-onoin "061b, An An A-obAn rin n1 tumpAi-o 
cu cu rem 'fAn cobAn." 

£tiAin An cAitin gneim An An 5CA1U.15, aj; peucAinc 1 x>o rcneAC- 
Aitc o'n cobAn, aCc teir An rcneACAitc t>o bi eAconnA x>o cuic An 
beinc ArceAC 'rAn cobAn Agur bAiceAt) iat>: 

O'n tA fin 50 "OC1 An tA ro m nAib Aon teigeAr Ann rAn cobAn; 

2 S S £ * 

Mary's Well; 3805 

There was a girl in Ballintubber and she was about to be 
married, when there came a half-blind old woman to her asking 
alms in the honor of God and Mary. 

11 I've nothing to give to an old blind-thing of a hag, it's 
bothered with them I am," said the girl. 

" That the wedding ring may never go on yon until you 
are as blind as I am," said the old woman. 

Next day, in the morning, the young girl's eyes were sore, 
and the morning after that she was nearly blind, and the 
neighbours said to her that she ought to go to Mary's Well. 

In the morning, early, she rose up and went to the well, 
but what should she see at it but the old woman who asked 
the alms of her, sitting on the brink, combing her head over 
the blessed well. 

" Destruction on you, you nasty hag, is it dirtying Mary's 
Well you are?" said the girl; "get out of that or I'll break 
your neck." 

" You have no honor nor regard for God or Mary, you 
refused to give alms in honor of them, and for that reason 
you shall not dip yourself in the well." 

The girl caught a hold of the hag, trying to pull her from 
the well, and with the dragging that was between them, the 
two of them fell into the well and were drowned. 

From that day to this there has been no cure in the well. 


mtnne A^tis tiAorh loseplij 

TIac nAOriicA "oo bi tlAotn 16fep 

TluAifl pof V& ttluine ttlAtAin ? 
TIac e "oo ftiAip An CAbApCAf 

"Oo b' feApp 'tia An f AogAt Avt>e [A-bAtn] ? 

"OhuitxAig fe *oo'n op bmt>e 

Agup "oo'n cpom "oo bi Ag T)Aibi, 
Aguf b' peA^p teif beit aj; cpeopugAt) 

-^5 u r ^5 tnuriAt) An eblAif "oo tTlhuipe tllACAips 

"La ArhAm t>'a pAib An cuplA 

X\g fiiibAl Ann fAn njjAifoin, 
TTleAfs nA feipim'b cubAf\tA, 

t)LAt ublA, A5Uf Aipni"be: 

"Oo cuip tTlvnne T>uit ionncA 

Agup Cnuj fi teo, 1 lACAip,- 
O bolAt) bpeAg nA n-ubAll 

t)ni 50 ciibAntA "oeAr o'n Aifo-pigj 

Ann fin -oo lAbAip An TTIhAig'oeAn 

"Oe'n corhpATj bi fAnn, 
-* t)Ain *OAtn nA fe6ir> fin 

Ua A5 fAf Af An gefAnnj 

*Now ill-called "Caldwell" in English. 

t Literally: Is it not holy that St. Joseph was when he married Mary 
Mother ; is it not that he got the gift that was better than Adam's 
world ? He refused the yellow gold and the crown that David had had, 
and he preferred to be guiding and showing the way to Mary Mother. 
One day that the couple were walking in the garden among the 
fragrant cherries, apple-blossoms and sloes, Mary conceived a desire for 
them, and fancied them at once, [enticed] by the fine scent of the 
apples that were fragrant and nice from the High King [i.e., God]. 
Then spake the Virgin with utterance that was feeble, " Pluck for me 
yon jewels which are growing on the tree. Pluck me enough of them, 
for I am weak and faint, and the works of the King of the graces are 
growing beneath my bosom." Then spake St. Joseph with utterance 
that was stout, " I shall not pluck thee the jewels, and I like not thy 
child. Call upon his father, it is he you may be stiff with." Then 
stirred Jesus blessedly beneath her bosom. Then spake Jesus holily, 
" Bend low in her presence, O tree." The tree bowed down to her in their 



From Michael Rogers and Martin O'Calally,* in Erris Co. Mayo. — 
Douglas Hyde. 

Holy was good St. Joseph 

When marrying Mary Mother, 
Surely his lot was happy, 

Happy beyond all other. | 

Refusing red gold laid down, 

And the crown by David worn, 
With Mary to be abiding 

And guiding her steps forlorn. 

One day that the twain were talking, 

And walking through gardens early, 
Where cherries were redly growing, 

And blossoms were growing rarely, 

Mary the fruit desired, 

For faint and tired she panted, 
At the scent on the breezes' wing 

Of the fruit that the King had planted. 

Then spake to Joseph the Virgin, 
All weary and faint and low, 
" O pull me yon smiling cherries 
That fair on the tree do grow, 

presence, without delay, and she got the desire of her inner-heart quite 
directly off the tree. Then spake St. Joseph, and cast himself upon the 
ground, "Go home, O Mary, and lie upon thy couch, until I go to 
Jerusalem doing penance for my sin." Then spake the Virgin with 
utterance that was blessed. " I shall not go home, and I shall not lie 
upon my couch, but you have forgiveness to find from the King of the 
graces for your sins." 

Three months from that day, the blessed child was born, there came 
three kings making adoration before the child. Three months from that 
night the blessed child was born in their cold bleak stable between a 
bullock and an ass. 

Then spake the Virgin softly and sensibly, "O Son of the King of 
the friends, in what way shalt thou be on the world ? " 

"I shall be on Thursday, and I sold to my enemy, and I shall be on 
Friday a sieve [full] of holes with the nails. My head shall be on the 
top of a spike, and the blood of my heart on the middle of the street, 
and a spear of venom going through my heart with contempt upon 
that day." 

3808 ITItiife Aguf flAom 1ofepft3 

" t)Ain t»Am mo fAic ACA 

Oif ca tne tA5 fAnn,* 
A'f cu oibfeACA fig tiA n^fAfCA 

A^ fAf fAoi mo 6foin." 

Ann fin -oo lAbAif tlAom 1ofep 
"Oe'n corhfA-O bi ceAnn, 

" Hi bAinfit) m6 "ouic ha fe6T>£ 
A'f tii b-AiU, tiom "oo clAnn; 


^IaccO Afv AtAif 6 x>o Lemb 
1f Aif if coin , 6tiic beic ceAnti M 
Ann fin *oo coffuij 1ofA 

50 OeAnnAigce fAoi nA bfoitr 

Ann fin t>o tAbAif fofA 

50 nAomtA fAoi nA bfom 
" ffcijj 50 n-ifiott 

Ann a pA-ontnre a CfAinn;" 

X)'tirfitAi$ An cttAnn fiof "o! 

Ann a bfiAt>nuife jAn rfiAitty 
Agur puAi|\ fi miAn a cfoit>e-fci$ 

5tAm- , oineAC o'n gcfAnn; 

Ann fin "oo tAbAif IIaoiii 16fep 
Ajuf caic e p6m Af An cAlAtnj 

" 5ad A-bAite a mnAine 
Aguf tuit) Af "oo LeAt>tii"6.' 

50 "ocei-0 m6 50 n-lAftifAtem 

A5 "oeunArii Aitfige Aim mo peACAi'Oi 

Ann fin "oo LAbAif An ITItiAig'oeAn 
"Oe'n corhfAt) bi beAnmngce, 

" til f acai"0 m£ A-bAite 

A'f 111 lui"0fit) 1116 Af mo teAbufO, 

Ace ca mAiteAifinAf le fAjAit a^ax> 
fij ha ngfAfCA Ann "00 peACAi-O." 

* "Ann a 5-CA1II" -ou&Aifc Hide f c Uuai-oij, a6c t>ubAifr An CAtlAOileAC 
"Iaj pAnn." Ca me Ann a 5CA1U, = " C«Arcui5©Ann uAim iac." 

Mary and St. Joseph. 3809 

"For feeble I am and weary, 

And my steps are but faint and slow, 
And the works of the King of the graces 
I feel within me grow." 

Then out spake the good St. Joseph, 
And stoutly indeed spake he, 
" I shall not pluck thee one cherry. 
Who art unfaithful to me. 

"Let him come fetch you the cherries, 
Who is dearer than I to thee." 
Then Jesus hearing St. Joseph, 
Thus spake to the stately tree, 

" Bend low in her gracious presence, 
Stoop down to herself, O tree, 
That my mother herself may pluck thee, 
And take thy burden from thee." 

Then the great tree lowered her branches 

At hearing the high command, 
And she plucked the fruit that it offered, 

Herself with her gentle hand. 

Loud shouted the good St. Joseph, 

He cast himself on the. ground, 
" Go home and forgive me, Mary, 

To Jerusalem I am bound; 
I must go to the holy city, 

And confess my sin profound."* 

Then out spake the gentle Mary, 

She spake with a gentle voice, 
u I shall not go home, O Joseph, 

But I bid thee at heart rejoice, 
For the King of Heaven shall pardon 

The sin that was not of choice." 

* These six-line verses are alien to the spirit of the Irish Language, and 
probably arise from the first half of the next quatrain being forgotten. 

239 Irish Lit. Vol. 10— F 

3810 ITUiine Aguf ruom lofepfij 

Uni mi o'n IS fm 

ttu5<v6 An teAnb beAnnuijte, 
CtiAims nA C|\i f.i$te 

A5 •oeunAtti At>nAi$te T)o'n teAtit>, 

Cni mi on oi*6ce fin 

■RugAt) ah Leant) beAnmngte, 
Ann a ftAbtA -pu/kft peAnncA 

e^oin buLAn Aguf AfAt; 

xVnn fin *oo lAbAin An riiAig'oeAii 

50 ciun Aguf 50 celtuce, 
" -A mic nig nA 5CAttAT> 

Oa 'n nof mbeit) cu an An CfAogAl ? * 

" "bei* me "OiAtvoAOin 

xXguf me -oiotCA 45 mo nAriiAiT), 
Aguf beit) me T)ia nAome 

mo cm At An pott 45 nA cAinnnib: 

t>ei-6 mo ceann 1 mbAnn fpice 

'S fwl mo tnoi-Oe 1 lAn nA -pnAi-oe, 

*S An trleig nime "out cne mo cnoi-oe 
te fpixteAiAC An Ia fin. 

Mary and St. Joseph: 3811 

Three months from that self-same morning, 

The blessed child was born, 
Three kings did journey to worship 

That babe from the land of the morn. 

Three months from that very evening. 

He was born there in a manger, 
With asses, and kine and bullocks, 

In the strange, cold place of a stranger. 

To her child said the Virgin softly, 
Softly she spake and wisely, 
" Dear Son of the King of Heaven, 
Say what may in life betide Thee." 

[thh babe.] 

"I shall be upon Thursday, Mother, 
Betrayed and sold to the foeman, 
And pierced like a sieve on Friday, 
With nails by the Jew and Roman. 

On the streets shall my heart's blood flow, 

And my head on a spike be planted, 
And a spear through my side shall go, 

Till death at the last be granted. 

Then thunders shall roar with lightnings, 

And a storm over earth come sweeping, 
The lights shall be quenched in the heavens 

And the sun and the moon be weeping. 
While angels shall stand around me, 

With music and joy and gladness, 
As I open the road to Heaven, 

That was lost by the first man's madness." 

Christ built that road into heaven, 

In spite of the Death and Devil, 
Let us when we leave the world 

Be ready by it to travel. 


tiAorh peA'OAtt: 

ChUAtAI'D Pf6lt1f1Af O CotlCtlftAlf, 1 Tn'bt'4*-tt1A1fl, An fjeut fO 6 feAtl. 
tfinAoi •oAft t>' Aititn bjiiji-o ni ctlAtAfAijj 6 bhAile-T>A-;\&Ain i jcotroAe 
SI1I1515, A3Uf fuAif tnife uAi-6-feAn e. 

Ann fAn^Am a fAib tlAorh peA-OAf Aguf Af SlAnuigceOif aj 
fiubAt nA cine, if iombA lonjAncAf -oo CAifbeAn a ttlbAigifcif bo, 
A^uf "oa mbub buine eite •oo bi Ann, •o'^eicpeA'o teAt An oifit), if 
■061$ 50 mbeibeAb a botCAf Af a mtiAijifcin niof tAiT)fe 'nA bi 
•oOCCAf pneA'OAin: 

Aon tA ArhAin -oo biot>Af A5 ceACc AfceAC 50 bAite-mof Aguf 
•oo bi feAf-cebit teAt An meifge 'nA fwbe An tAoib An botAin 
Ajuf e A5 iAff Aib T>eifce: Ctius An StAnuigceoif pior a Aingit) 
•oo An njAbAii tAfc t>6: t)ni lon^AncAf An ptieA"OAf f aoi fin, oin 
•oubAifc f e teif f em " 1f iombA "ouine bote "oo bi 1 n-eAf buib rhoif,' 
•o'eicig mo rhAi$irnn, acc Anoif tuj fe "oeinc "oo'n feAf-ceoit reo 
AcA An meifse: ACc b' 6iT»in," Af fe teif fein, " b'eix>in 50 bfuit 
x>uit Aige fAn sceot." 

T)o bi fiof A5 An StAnuigceoif cneAT) ■oo bi 1 n-mncmn 
pneAT)Ain, acc nion lAbAin f£ focAt t)'A tAoib: 

An t& An n-A rhAfAC "oo bio*OAf aj; fiubAt Afif, Ajuf "oo CAfAb 
bfAtAif bocc onnA, Aj;uf e cnom teif An Aoir, Aguf beA^-nAC 
noCctA; T)'iAnn fe "oeinc An An StAnuigteoif, aCc ni tug SeifeAn 
Aon Aifo Ain, Aguf nion pneAgAin Se a impibe; 

" Sin nib eite nAC bf uit ceAfC," An f a tlAOrti peAT>Af Ann a 
mncinn f6in ; bi eAgtA Ain tAbAinc teif An TYIAijifcif t>'A caoid, 
a6c bi fe as cAitteArhAinc a "obGtCAif sa6 uite tA: 

An cfAtnOnA ceutmA bicoAf A5 ceAtc 50 bAite eite nuAif 
cAfAb feAf T)Att onnA, A^uf e A5 lAfnAib "oeince: Ctiuif An 
StAningtebif CAinc Ain A^tif "oubAiiic " cfewo cA uaic ? " 

'* LuaC t6ifcin oibee, tuAt f uix> te n'lte, Agiif An oineAt) Ajtif 
beibeAf A5 ceAfcAt uAim AmAf ac ; mA tig teAc-f a a tAbAinc t)Am,- 
^eobAib cu cuiciu$Ab mOf, ^S u f cuiciu$Ab nAC bfuit te fA$Ait 
Af An Cf AOgAt bf onAC f o." 

" 1f niAiC i "oo CAinc," Af fAn UigeAf nA, " acc ni't cu aCc aj 
lAffAib mo meAttAb, ni't eAfbuib tuAiC-t6ifcin nA fuit) te n'ice 
ofc, cA bf A5Uf Aifgiot) Aim x>o 66ca, A^uf bub Coif bmc no 
buibeACAf "oo CAbAifC *oo T)1iia f aoi "oo biot 50 tA •oo beit aj;at>.' 

Hi f Aib fiof A5 An "OAtt guf b'e Af StAnuigCeoif "oo bi A5 CAinc 
teif, Ajuf "oubAifc fe teif : " Hi feAnmOf a aCc x>eifce acA me 
*iAffAib, if cmnce me t^A mbeibeAb fiof aja"© 50 fAib bf nA 



A Folk Story. 

An old woman named Biddy Casey, from near Riverstown, in the 
Co. Sligo, told this story to O'Conor in Athlone, from whom I got it. — 
Douglas Hyde [in Beligious Songs of Connacht.] 

At the time that Saint Peter and our Saviour were walking 
the country, many was the marvel that his Master showed him, 
and if it had been another person who was in it, and who had 
seen half as much, no doubt his confidence in his Master would 
have been stronger than that of Peter. 

One day they were entering a town, and there was a 
musician sitting half drunk on the side of the road and he 
asking for alms. Our Saviour gave him a piece of money, 
going by of him. There came wonder on Peter at that, for 
he said to himself, " Many's the poor man in great want that 
my Master refused, but now He has given alms to this drunken 
musician; but perhaps," says he to himself, " perhaps He likes 


Our Saviour knew what was in Peter's mind, but He did 
not speak a word about it. 

On the next day they were journeying again and a poor 
friar (sic) met them, and he bowed down with age and almost 
naked. He asked our Saviour for alms, but He took no notice 
of him, and did not answer his request. 

" There's another thing that's not right," said Peter in his 
own mind. He was afraid to speak to his Master about it, but 
he was losing his confidence in Him every day. 

The same evening they were approaching another village 
when a blind man met them and he asking alms. Our Saviour 
talked with him and said, "What do you want?" "The 
price of a night's lodging, the price of something to eat, and 
as much as I shall want to-morrow; if you can give it to me 
you shall get great recompense, and recompense that is not to 
be found in this sorrowful world." 

" Good is your talk," said the Lord, " but you are only 
seeking to deceive me? you are in no want of the price of a 
lodging or of anything to eat; you have gold and silver in 
your pocket; and you ought to give thanks to God for your 
having enough (to do you) till (next) day." 

The blind man did not know that it was our Saviour who 
was talking to him, and Ee said to Mm, " T+ is not sermons, 

3814 Tl-Aorh peAT)Ap; 

Aif3iot) A3Am 50 mbAinf ei -oiom 6, ' £1354 ' teAC* Anoif, m teAf* 
cui^eAnn x>o CAinc uAim." 

" 50 "oeitinn if -oi-C^illTOe «in feAf Co," ^j\ fAn LigeAfnA, " nt 
tteit) 6f ni Aif 510-0 a5A"0 1 bfAT>," A5uf teif fin "o'-pi.j f£ An t)Att: 

t)ni peAT)Af 45 6ifceACc leif aii scon'ifit), A5uf bi T>uit Ai3e a 
mnfeACc T>o'n -oaU 5Uf mbu-6 4 if SLinmgteoif "Do bf A3 CAinc 
teif. aCc m bfUAif fe Aon f A1LI; ACc 00 bi peAf eae A5 eifceACc 
nuAif oubAifC if. Slinui^teoif 50 fAib 6f A5Uf Aif 510*0 a 5 AH 
-oaU. t>u-d f5fiof^t)6if mitlceAC 00 01 Ann, acc "do bi f/iof Ai5e 
nip mmf if Slinuigteoif Aon Dfeug AfiAin: Cnorh luAt A^uf bi 
SeifeAn Ajuf tlAom peA-OAf imtigte, timi5 An f5fiOfAT>oif cv-m 
An -oaiia Agtif -oubAifC leif, " UADAif -OAin "oo Cui-o <5if Aguf 
■Aipsp-o, no cuiffeA-o f5iAn cfe "oo Cfoit»e." 

" lli'i 6f ni .Mfjio-o AjAtn : ' Af fAn -oaii, " t)A mbei'beA-o, m 
beit>mn A3 lAffAit) -o£ifce." 

Ace leif fin -oo fuAif An f5fiofA"ooif 3feim Aif, *oo cuif fAOi 
6, Ajuf "oo OAin -oe An meA-o -oo bi Aije. "Do §Aif A^uf "oo f3f eAt> 
An -oaii. coin n-if-o A^uf "o'feu-o fe, Aguf CuaIato Af Slinuij- 
teoif A^-jf peAt)Af e. 

" Ui ettgc6if T> ; i ■oeunArh Af An -oaU.," AffA peATMf; 

" "pit 50 feAllrAC. A^uf imte6CAi"6 f£ ah Caoi Ceu-onA, 3^n 
CAinr Af Ia An bfeiteArhnAif, 5 ' Af if Slinvn Jteoif. 

" Uuipm Cu, ni'l Aon fut> 1 bf oIaC uaic a ttlniitifcif," AffA 


An Li 'nA ■61A15 fin "OO DTOeATIAf A3 flUbAl C01f fifAlJ. AJUf 

cimij teoriiAn ciocfAC AtnAC. *' Anoif a pheAT>Aif," Af if 
Stinuijteoif. " if mmic A-oubAifC cu 50 5CAillfei "oo beAtA Af 
mo fon, Anoif ceifi$ A^uf CAttAif tu f£m xto'n leOriiAn Ajuf 
nnte5CAi-6 rnife fAOf." 

"Oo fmuAin peA-OAf Ai$e f6m Ajuf X)ut)AifC ; " b'feAff liom bif 
a^ bit eile -o'tiSAil 'ni teipnc "oo 1.e<5riiAn tn'ite ; ciniAOTO ccf- 
luAt Ajnf ti5 linn fit uai"6, Ajuf mi feicim € a$ ceACc - 
Unn f AnfAi-o m£ Af "oeifeAt). Ajuf C15 leAC-fA imteAtc fAOf." 

" t)iot) mAf fin," Af if Slinuijteoif: 

"Oo teis An le6mAn fjfeA-o, Ajuf Af 50 bfit teif 'nA nTnAit;, 
A^uf niof bfA-OA 30 f Aib fe A3 bfeit OffA, A3uf 1 bf03Af T)Oib. 

" "fAn fiAf a pneA-OAif," Af An Slinuittedif, aCc lei3 peAT>Af 
Aif f6m nAfi 3CUAtAit) f6 focAt, A5Uf t)'imti3 f^ AtnAC forni a 
tflAi^tfCtf. "O'lompAig An UiteAfnA Af a Cut Ajuf -oubAifC f^ 
leif An leorhATi, " Teifit Af Aif 30 -on An fifAC," Aguf finne 
\ 6 AmiAit). 

* "tojyfl le.-r ':="imt't; leAr," " otjc le^r," no v«-o "oe'n cfOfir fin. b'erotf 
ju^i M c-Ji5e le&z " but coip -do *>*\t aim, 7 6013 &r\ "DeAtriAn !" 

Saint Peter. 3815 

bat alms, I am looking for. I am certain that if you did 
know that there was gold or silver about me, you would take 
it from me. Get off now; I don't want your talk. 

" Indeed, you are a senseless man," said the Lord; "you will 
not have gold or silver long," and with that He left him. 

Saint Peter was listening to the discourse, and he had a wish 
to tell the blind man that it was our Saviour who was talking 
to him, but he got no opportunity. But there was another 
man listening when our Saviour said that the blind man had 
gold and silver. It was a wicked robber who was in 
it; but he knew that our Saviour never told a lie. As soon 
as He and Saint Peter were gone, this robber came to the blind 
man, and said to him, " Give me your gold and silver, or I'll put 
a knife through your heart." 

"I have no gold or silver," said the blind man; "if I had 
I wouldn't be looking for alms." But with that the robber 
caught hold of him, put him under him, and took from him 
all he had. The blind man shouted and screamed as loud as 
he was able, and our Saviour and Peter heard him. 

" There's wrong being done to the blind man," said Peter. 

" Get treacherously and it will go the same way," said our 
Saviour, " not to speak of the Day of Judgment." 

" I understand you ; there is nothing hid from you, Master," 
said Peter. 

The day after that they were journeying by a desert, and 
a greedy lion came out. " Now, Peter," said our Saviour, " you 
often said that you would lose your life for Me ; go now andi 
give yourself to the lion, and I shall escape safe." 

Peter thought to himself and said, "I would sooner meet 
any other death than let a lion eat me ; we are swift-footed and 
we can run from him, and if I see him coming up with us I 
will remain behind, and you can escape safe." 

" Let it be so," said our Saviour. 

The lion gave a roar, and off and away with him after them, 
and it was not long till he was gaining on them, and close 
up to them. 

'"Remain behind, Peter," said our Saviour; but Peter let 
on that he never heard a word, and went running out before 
his Master. The Lord turned round and said to the lion, " Go 
back to the desert," and so he did. 

Peter looked behind him, and when he saw the lion going 
back, he stood till our Saviour came up with him. 

3810 tlAom pe<voAtu 

T)'feub peAT>An CAob-fiAn x>€, Aguf nuAin bonnAinc fe ah 
tebriiAn Ag T>ut aj\ Aif "oo feAf fe 50 "ocaitiis An StAnuigcebin 
fUAf teif. ' A peAOAin," An Sb, " "o'f A5 cu mb 1 mbAogAt, Agup 
— nut) but) tfieAfA 'nA fin, — t)'innif cu bneugA." 

" ftinne me fin," An peAT>An, " mAf bi fiof AgAm 50 bfuit 
curhAcic ajat) of cionn 5AC nit), m ti-e AmAm An tebtfiAn An f Af- 

A1 S -" 

" Coif5 t>o beut, Aguf nA bi aj; mnfeACC bneug, m nAib fiof 
AgA-o Aguf t>a bfeicpeA mb 1 mbAOjAt AtnAttAC -oo cneigfeA mb 
Anif, cA fiof A^Atn An ftnuAincib *oo bnoit)e." 

" flion fmuAin mb AniAm 50 n"oeAfnAit> cu Aon nit) hac nAib 
CeAfC," Af-fA peAX>&\u 

SJ Sin bneug eite," An An StAnuigcebin: " Hac cuimin teAC An 
tA x>o tug mb "obinc x»o'n feAn-cebit -oo bi teAC An meifge, bi 
longAncAf one Aguf "oubAinc cu teAC fbin gun lonrbA "ouine bobc 
•oo bi 1 n-eArbuit) mbin "o'eicij mb, Aguf 50 "ocug m6 "oeinc -oo 
f.eAn "oo bi An meifge rriAn bi *ouit AgAm 1 gcebt; An tA 'ua "biAig 
fin *o'eici$ me An feAn-bnAcAin, Aguf "oubAinc cu nAb nAib An mt> 
rm ceAnc. An cnAtnbnA ceuT)nA if cuimin teAC cneux) cAnlA 1 
ocAoib An "OAitl; TYlinebbAit) me Anoif T>tnc cat> fAc finneAf 
mAn fin; Tlinne ayi feAn-cebit niof mo "oe rftAic 'nA ninne fice 
bnACAf *o'A fbnc 6 nugAt) iat>: SnAbAit fb AnAm CAitin b piAn- 
CAib iffinn: t)hi eAfbuit) boinn AingiT) uinni Aguf bi fi aj; "out 
peACAt) mAnbtAb "oo t>eunAm te nA fAgAit, Abe Coifmifg au feAf- 
ceoit i, tug f e An bonn t)i, cit) 50 nAib eAf bui"0 "oige Aif f em An 
c-Atn ceu-onA: fnAi"oif teif An mbnAcAin, ni fAib Aon eAfbtnt) 
Aif-feAn, cit) 50 bfuAif fe Ainm bfAtAf but) bAlt -oe'n *oiAOAt 6, 
Aguf fin 6 An fAc uac "ocug me Aon Aifo Aif. ITlAi'oif leif An 
•OAtt, x>o bi a T)Mia Ann a pocA, bin if f iof An feAn-f ocaI, " An 
aic a bfuit "oo cifce b6it) "oo Cf oit)e lei." 

SeAt geAff 'ua "6iai§ fin "oubAifC peA"OAf, " A tTlnAigifcif, cA 
ebtAf a^at) Af nA fmuAincib if UAigmge 1 gef oi"be An "ouine, Aguf 
6'n nbimix) feb AmAb geanm "ouic Annf gAb nit)." 

Cimciotl feAtcmAine 'ua t)iAig-fin ■oo biot>An A5 fiubAt cfe 
bnocAib Aguf fteibcib, Aguf bAitteA'OAf An beAlAb. te cuicim nA 
n-oit>be cAmi5 cemnceAt Aguf coifneAt Aguf feAnntAin Cfoms 
t)ni An oit>be bom "oonCA fin nAf feuT>At)Af cofAn cao^aC 
■o'f.eiceAt. Cnuic peAt>Af AnAgAit) CAff Aije Aguf toic fb a bof 
boiti "OonA fin nAf feut) fb coifcbim x>o fiubAt: 

CnonnAinc Af StAnuigte6if fotuf beAg fAoi bun cnuic, Aguf 
•oubAinc S6 te peAt)Af, " f. An mAf cA cu Aguf f AbAit) mife Ag 
cdfuigeAbc congnAim te x>'iombAn." 

Saint Peter: 3817 

"Peter," said He, "you left me in danger, and, what was 
worse than that, you told lies." 

" I did that," said Peter, " because I knew that you have 
power over everything, not alone over the lion of the wilder- 

" Silence your mouth, and do not be telling lies; you did 
not know, and if you were to see Me in danger to-morrow you 
would forsake Me again. I know the thoughts of your heart." 

" I never thought that you did anything that was not right," 
said Peter. 

"That is another lie," said our Saviour; "do you not 
remember the day that I gave alms to the musician who was 
half drunk, there was wonder on you, and you said to yourself 
that many's the poor man in great want whom I refused, and 
that I gave alms to a drunken man because I liked music. 
The day after that I refused the old friar, and you said that 
that was not right; and the same evening you remember what 
happened about the blind man. I will explain to you now 
why I acted like that. That musician did more good than 
twenty friars of his sort since ever they were born. He saved 
a girl's soul from the pain of hell. She wanted a piece of 
money and was going to commit a deadly sin to get it, but 
the musician prevented her, and gave her the piece of money, 
though he himself was in want of a drink at the same time. 
As for the friar, he was not in want at all; although he had 
the name of friar, he was a limb of the devil, and that was 
why I paid him no heed. As for the blind man, his God was 
in his pocket, for the old word is true, " Where your store is, 
your heart will be with it.' " 

A short time after that Peter said, " Master, you have a 
knowledge of the most lonesome thoughts in the heart of man, 
and from this moment out I submit to you in everything." 

About a week after that they were traveling through hills 
and mountains, and they lost their way. With the fall of 
night there came lightning, thunder, and heavy rain. The 
night was so dark they could not see a sheep's path. Peter 
fell against a rock and hurt his foot so badly that he was 
not able to walk a step. 

Our Saviour saw a little light under the foot of a hill, and 
He said to Peter, "Remain where you are, and I will go to 
seek help to carry you." 

" There is no help to be found in this wild place," said 
Peter, " and don't leave me here in danger by myself." 

" Be it so," said our Saviour, and with that He gave a whistle,' 

3818 tlAom peAt>An: 


,: tli't Aon ConsnAtfi te f A$Ait Ann f An Aic fiAt).<iin fe6," A|t 
DeAT>An, " Aguf n<S teij; Ann fo tn6 i mbAo<4;At tiom fern " 

" Oiot> mAn fin," A P ^ StAnuigte<3in, A^uf teif fin •oo teij; f6 
peAT), Aguf tAinig ceAtnAn feAn, Ajjuf cia bi 'nA CAipcin onnA acc 
An feAn -oo fSfiof An "o^tt feAt noime fin; "O'Attnig f6 Aft 
StAnuigCeoin Aguf peA"OAn, Aguf oubAinc fe te n-A Cuit> feAn 
peAOAn "o'lomCAn 50 cunAtnAC 50 "oci An Aic-C6mnuit>e "oo bi aca 
AmeAfs nA gcnoc " Cbuin An beinc feo," &V f£> " °F A S U V A1 t*- 
510-0 Ann mo beAtAC-f a feAt geAnn 6 foin." 

"O'lomcAin fiA"o peA-OAn 50 "oci feomnA f aoi tAtAm ; 01 ceine 
oi\eA$ Ann, Aguf cuineA"OAn An feAn toicCe 1 ngAn "oi, A$uf tug- 
ax»a|\ "oeoC "do. Unuic fe Ann a Co"otAt> Aguf "oo nmne An 
StAnui$Ceoin tons nA cnoife te n-A meAn, or cionn nA toice, Aguf 
nuAin ■ouing re "o'feu-o re riuoAt Com mAit Agur "o'feu"o fe niArii; 
t)hf longAncAr Ain, nuAin "ouifig fe, A 5 u r 'o'fvffuig fe cneuo "oo 
DAin -oo. "O'mnir An StAnuigceoin x>6 5A6 nit) mAn CAntA. 

" SnAoit me," a\^ f a peA"OAn, " 50 nAib me mAnb Aguf 50 nAib 
me fuAf A5 oonuf ftAiCif, acc nion feu-o me "out ArceAC mAn 
ot An -oonuf -onuroce, Aguf m nAib "ooinreoin te fAgAit." 

" Aiftmg "00 bi AgA"© " An An StAnuigCeoin, " aCc if fion 
1 ; ca An f LAiteAf "on uioce Aguf m't fe te beiC f ofgAitce 50 
DpAg' mife bAf Af fon peACAit) An Cine "OAonnA, "oo Cuin feAnj; 
a\( m'ACAin. Hi t>Af coicCionncA aCc bAf nAineAC geobAf me, aCc 
eine6CAit> me Anif 50 gtonriiAn Aguf foifgeotAit) me An ftAiCeAf 
■oo bi "onuioce, Aj;uf bero cufA "oo t>oinreoin ! " 

" 0|aa, a mhAigifCin," An f a peA"OAn, " ni f£i"oin 50 bfuigteA 
bAf nAipeAC, nA6 teigreA t>Arii-fA bAf fAgAit Af "oo fon-fA, cA me 
feit) Aguf coitceAnnAC." 

" SAOiteAnn cu fin," Af Af StAningteoif: 

CbAinig An c-Am a fAib An St^nuijtedif te bAf fAgAit: An 
cnAtn6nA noime fm bi fe fein Aguf An "o4 AbfCAt "oeug Ag feife; 
nuAin "oubAinc f6, " ca feAf AgAib A5 "out mo bnAt." t)tii cfiob- 
toiT) rh6f onnA Aguf -oubAifc sac Aon aca " An mife e ? ' ACc 
•oubAinc SeifeAn, " An ce tumAf te n-A tAirii Ann fAn meif tiom,' 
ip e fin An reAn bfAitpeAf me." 

"OubAinc peAOAn Ann pn, " "oA mberoeAt) au "oorhAn iomUn 
1 -o'A$Ait>," Af feifeAn, " ni beit) mire 1 "o'A$Ait>," aCc -oubAifc An 
SUnui$teOif teir, " f ut mA ^oifeAnn An CoiteAC AnoCc ceitpt) 
(feunpAi-O) cu me cfi b-uAine." 

" Do $eobAinn bAf fut mA ceitfinn tu," Af fA peAt)An, "50 
•oeirhin ni CeitfeA-o tuj" 

Saint Peter: 3819 

and there came four men; and who was captain of them but 
the person who robbed the blind man a while before that ! He 
recognised our Saviour and Peter, and told his men to carry 
Peter carefully to the dwelling-place they had among the hills ; 
" these two put gold and silver in my way a short time ago," 
said he. 

They carried Peter into a chamber under the ground. There 
was a fine fire in it, and they put the wounded man near it, 
and gave him a drink. He fell asleep, and our Saviour made 
the sign of the cross with his finger above the wound, and 
when he awoke he was able to walk as well as ever. There 
was wonder on him when he awoke, and he asked " what 
happened to him." Our Saviour told him each thing, and how 
it occurred. 

" I thought," said Peter, " that I was dead, and that I was 
up at the gate of heaven; but I could not get in, for the door 
was shut, and there was no doorkeeper to be found." 

" It was a vision you had," said our Saviour, " but it is true. 
Heaven is shut, and is not to be opened until I die for the sin 
of the human race, who put anger on My Father. It is not a 
common, but a shameful, death I shall get; but I shall rise 
again gloriously, and open the heaven that was shut, and you 
shall be doorkeeper." 

"Ora! Master," said Peter, "it cannot be that you would 
get a shameful death; would you not allow me to die for you; 
I am ready and willing." 

" You think that," said our Saviour. 

The time came when our Saviour was to get death. The 
evening before that He himself and His twelve disciples were 
at supper, when He said, " There is a man of you going to betray 
me." There was great trouble on them, and each of them 
said, " Am I he? " But He said, " He who dips with his hand 
in the dish with Me, he is the man who shall betray Me." 

Peter then said, " If the* whole world were against you, 
" I will not be against you." But our Saviour said to him, 
" Before the cock crows to-night you will reneague (deny) Me 
three times." 

"I would die before I would reneague you," said Peter; 
" indeed I shall not reneague you." 

When death- judgment was passed upon our Saviour, His 
enemies were beating Him and spitting on Him. Peter was 

3820 tlAorii peAT>An: 

TluAin cu^At) bneiteAriinAf bAif An An StAnuigteoin, bi -A cinx) 
tiArhAT) "o'A biiAtAT) Aguf A5 CAtAt) fmugAinte Ain. t)tii peA-oAji 
Atnuij Ann fAn gcuinc, ntiAin tAinij; cAitin-Aimfine tinge Aguf 
•oubAinc teif " bi cuf a te nfofA." •" fh't fic-f AgAm," An f.<3 

PeA"OA|\, " CAT) e CA CU fA*." 

TluAin bi fe A5 "out ArriAt An geACA, Ann fin, "oubAinc cAitin 
eite, " fin ipe&y. x>o bi te bfof a," acc tug feifeAn a iti'.onnA nAd 
fAib eotAf An bit Aige Ain. Ann fin "oubAinc cuto "oe nA •oAoimti 
■oo bi Ag eifceACc, " ni't AinnAf An bit nAC nAib cu teif, Aitmjmixi 
An "oo tAinc e." Chug fe nA mionnAit) rnonA Ann fin, nAn teif 
e, Ajuf a\^ bAtt "oo gtAOt) An coiteAC, Aguf tuiriimj; fe Ann fin 
An nA foctAib "oubAifc An StAnuigteoin, Aguf x>o fit fe nA ■oe6p4 
Aitfi$e, Aguf ftiAin fe mAiteAtimAf o'n te "oo teit fe. Ua eotnAtd 
ptAitif Aige Anoif, A^tif mA fiteAnn finne nA -oetnA Aitnije fAd 
n-An toccAib niAn ■oo fit feifeAn iat>, geoDAmAOTo niAiteAriinAr 
niAn fUAif feifeAn e, Aguf cuinjnt) fe ceut) mite fAitce nGrhAinnj 
nuAin f.AtAf finne 50 -oonuf ftAitifg 

Saint Peter. 3821 

outside in the court, when there came a servant-girl to him 
and said to him, " You were with Jesus." " I don't know," 
says Peter, " what you are saying." 

Then when he was going out the gate another girl said, 
" There's the man who was with Jesus," but he took his oath 
that he had no knowledge at all of Him. Then some of the 
people who were listening said, " There is no doubt at all but 
you were with Him; we know it by your talk." He took the 
great oaths then that he was not with Him. And on the 
spot the cock crew, and then he remembered the words our 
Saviour said, and he wept the tears of repentance, and he 
found forgiveness from Him whom he denied. He has the keys 
of heaven now, and if we shed the tears of repentance for our 
faults, as he shed them, we shall find forgiveness as he found 
it, and he will welcome us with a hundred thousand welcomes 
when we go to the door of heaven. 


t)nl 4f StAnui$cedif Aguf tlAorh peAT>Af Ag fpAifoeOfACc 
CfAcn6nA, Agtif *oo CAfA"6 feAn-feAf OffAj t)ni An "ouine boCc 
fin 50 "oonA, m fAib Aif aCc ceifceACA Aguf feAn-C6CA fcf oicce,' 
AS^f 5 An fi° na nibfoj; fAoi n-A CorAib: T)'iAff f6 "o^ifc Af Af 
T>0$eAfnA Ajuf Af tlAorh peA"OAf: t)tii cftiAi$ A5 peA"OA|\ "oo 
&n T>onAn bocc Agtif fAoit f6 50 "ociubfA-O An CigeAfnA fuT> 
615m "06; x\Cc niof cuif An Ui$eAf nA Aon cf mm Ann, acc *o'itnci$ 
fe tAinif gAn ffeAjAifc CAbAifc "ooa t)ni lon^AncAr An pneAT>Af 
fAoi fin^ 6in fAoit f6 50 •ooubfA'd An UigeAfnA *oo $ac Aint>eif 
e6if a fAib ocnAf Ain, acc bi f Aiccior Aif Aon mt> "oo f a-0; 

/An tA An nA rhAfAC bi An CigeAfnA Agtif peA'OAf A5 rpAir- 
•oeOf acc Afif An An nibocAf ceu*onA, Aguf cia *o'f eicf eAt) fiAt> A5 
ceACc 'nA gcomne Ann fAn jceAfc-Aic Ann a fAib An reAti-feAn 
bocc An IA noirhe fin acc fiobAititte A^uf ctoi"6eAni noCcA Aige 
Ann a lAirh: UbAinis f6 Cuca A^tif "o'lAff f6 Aifsiot) offA; 
Cntis An UigeAnnA An c-Aif 510*0 no gAn focAt *oo fA*6, Aguf *o'imci$ 
An nobAiut>e. t)ni longAncAf "oubAtcA An pheA*oAf Ann fin, oif 
fAoit f6 50 f aid An iomAfctn*6 meifmj A5 Af "oUigeAfnA Aifjiot) 
"DO CAbAlfC "OO ^ATJUlt) Af fAicciof; fluAif bf An UigeAfnA AgUf 
peA-OAf imcigce CAtnAlt beA$ Af An mbocAf niof feu"o peA'OAf 
5An ceifc -oo cuf Aif. " Hac mof An f^eut a UbigeAfnA " Af f6 
K nAC "0CU5 cu •OA-OATfi *oo'n "oonAn bocc "o'lAff T>6ifc ofc An*o6,- 
aCc 50 T)cu5 cu Aif5ioT> "oo'n biceAtfinAC 5A"oun!)e "oo Wini5 6U5AT) 
te ctoi-OeAtti Ann a lAirh : nAC f Ait» fmn-ne 'n Af mbeifc Aguf 
ni f aid Ann acc f eA|\ AttiAin ; cA cloi"6eAifi A^Atn-f a " "oeif f 6; 
" Aguf b' ^eAni\ An f eAf mif e 'nA eifeAn ! " "A ptieA"OAif " Af 
f An Ci$eAf nA " ni f eiceAnn cuf a acc An CAob Atnuig, acc CTOim* 

*f «Aif me ah f ^eut fo, o peA|i-oib^e -oo t)t A5 Ue-oinscon *Oe Uoifce, "O^uitn An c 
reAjAit. acc cuAtAf 30 mitiic 6. ni Ii-ia-o fotiA ceA^c-pocAit Ann a t>p«Ai|ieAf 6. 



This is a story I have often heard. The above version I got from 
a man near Monivea, in Galway, though I do not give his exact words. 
I heard one nearly identical, only told in English, in the Co. Tipperary. 
The story reminded me so strongly of those strange semi-comic 
mediaeval moralities, common at an early date to most European 
languages — such pieces as Goethe has imitated in his story of " St. Peter 
and the Horse-shoe " — that I could uot resist the temptation to turn it 
into rhyme, though it is not rhymed in the original. More than one 
celebrated piece of both English and French literature founded upon 
the same motif as this story will occur to the student. — Douglas Hyde. 
[Beligious Songs of Connacht.] 

As once our Saviour and St. Peter 

Were walking over the hills together, 

In a lonesome place that was by the sea, 

Beside the border of Galilee, 

Just as the sun to set began 

Whom should they meet but a poor old manl 

His coat was ragged, his hat was torn, 

He seemed most wretched and forlorn, 

Penury stared in his haggard eye, 

And he asked an alms as they passed him by. 

Peter had only a copper or two, 
So he looked to see what the Lord would do. 
The man was trembling — it seemed to him — 
With hunger and cold in every limb. 
But, nevertheless, our Lord looked grave, 
He turned away and He nothing gave. 
And Peter was vexed awhile at that 
And wondered what our Lord was at, 
Because he had thought Him much too good 
To ever refuse a man for food. 
But though he wondered he nothing said, 
Nor asked the cause, for he was afraid. 

It happened that the following day 
They both returned that very way, 
And whom should they meet where the man had been, 
But a highway robber, gaunt and lean I 
And in his belt a naked sword — 
For an alms he, too, besought the Lord. 
"He's an ass," thought Peter, "to meet us thus; 
He won't get anything from us." 
But Peter was seized with such surprise, 
He scarcely could believe his eyes 
When he- saw the Master, without a word, 
Give to the man who had the sword. 

After the man was gone again 
His wonder Peter could not restrain, 
But turning to our Saviour, said : 
" Master, the man who asked for bread, 

3824 tTlAp Coitus An c bAinc Annf An eAj;tAif: 

•pe An cAob-Afa$ : m f eiceAnn cup a acc copp nA n*OAOine ntiAif 
peicim-fe An cpo^e : -Acc bei"6 piof a^at) 50 poll" An S3 
" cf eu"o fAt *oo nmne me fin." 

Unuic fe AmAC Aon Ia AriiAin 'nA "diai$ fin 50 n'oeACAi'o An 
•oUiJeAfnA Agtif peA-OAf Amu$A Af nA fleibcib; t)hi cemnceAc 
Ajuf coifneAc Aguf peAnptAm mop Ann, Ajuf bi fiA*o bAi"bce, Aguf 
An oOtAf CAitlce aca: Cia T)'f eicfeAt) piAt) cuca Ann fin acc An 
pobAiti'be ceuTDnA a "ocuj An UijeApnA Aif^ico "oo An tA pin,- 
tluAin tAimg pe cuca bi cpuAig Aige "6610, Agup pug p6 teif iat> 
50 -OC1 uai$ *oo bi Aige f aoi bun cAiffi^e, AmeApj nA pleibceAt), 
Ajtif DAin pe An c-euT)AC ptiuC "oiob Agup Cuip eu"OAi5 cipme 
offA, A^iif tuj; neAfc te n'lte Ajup te n'ol "001b Aj;up leAbuit) 
te tin-oe Aip., A^up 5AC uile pbpc "o'fetJT) pe "beunAtfi "doid "do 
nmne fe e. -An IA An nA mApAC nuAip bi An pcoipm tApc, tug 
fe ArriAC 1A"0 Aguf niop f A5 fe iat) j;up Cuip fe An An mbotAp ceApc 
iat>, A^tif tug tCn "061b te n-AgAit) An Aipap; " TTlo CompiAp ! " 
Af peA-OAf teif pein Ann fin, " bi An ceApc A5 Ui$eApnA, if mAit 
An feAf An 5AT>ui"be ; if lonroA peAp coin," An feifeAn, " uac 
n'oeAnnAi'b An oipeA*o fin "OArii-f a ! " 

Hi fAib fiAt) a bfAt) imci$te Af An mbotAp Ann fin 50 bpuAip 
fiA"o peAp mApb Agup e pinte Af CnAim a "dp otnA Af lAp An bbtAip,- 
Aguf "o'Aitnig peAT)Af e gun Ab e An peAn-feAp ceutmA x>o 
•biulcAit; An UigeAfnA An "oeipc "oo; " t)'otc *oo pmneAtnAp " Af 
peA-oAf teif pern, " AipgioT) x>o "oiulcugAt) -oo'n "otune boCc fin, 
Aguf peuC e niAfb Anoif te "oonAf A^uf Anf o." " A. ptieA'OAip " 
Af f An CiJeAfnA " ceit) tAtt Cuig An bf eAf fin Ajuf f euC cpeA-o 
ca Aige Ann a pbCA:" Cu<Mt> peAt)Af Anonn Cuige Aguf tofAig 
fe A5 tAirhfiugAt) a feAn-CocA Aguf cfeut) "oo ptiAip fe Ann aCc 
a lAn Aif^iot) geAt, Ajuf cimCiott cuptA fiCiT> bonn df. " A. 
CbigeAfnA," Af fA peAt)Af, " t)n! An ceAfc A^A-o-fA, Aguf cia be 
fu-o "OeunfAf en no "beAffAf c« Afif, ni fACAit) me 1 "o' AjgAit).' 1 
'' *OeunfAit) fin a ptieAUAip," A^ fAn Ui$eAfnA: " ~&Ia-C 
An c-Aifgiot) fin Anoif Ajuf CAit AfceAC e Ann fAn bpott 

How Covetousness came into the Churchy 3825 

The poor old man of yesterday, 

Why did you turn from him away ? 

But to this robber, this shameless thief, 

Give, when he asked you for relief. 

I thought it most strange for you to do; 

We needn't have feared him, we were two., 

I have a sword here, as you see, 

And could have used it as well as he ; 

And I am taller by a span, 

For he was only a little man." 

"Peter," said our Lord, "you see 
Things but as they seem to be. 
Look within and see behind, 
Know the heart and read the mind, 
'Tis not long before you know 
Why it was I acted so." 

After this it chanced one day 
Our Lord and Peter went astray, 
Wandering on a mountain wide, 
Nothing but waste on every side. 
Worn with hunger, faint with thirst, 
Peter followed, the Lord went first. 
Then began a heavy rain, 
Lightning gleamed and flashed again, 
Another deluge poured from heaven, 
The slanting hail swept tempest-driven. 
Then, when fainting, frozen, spent, 
A man came towards them through the bent, 
And Peter trembled with cold and fright, 
When he knew again the robber wight- 
But the robber brought them to his cave, 
And what he had he freely gave. 
He gave them wine, he gave them bread, 
He strewed them rushes for a bed, 
He lent them both a clean attire 
And dried their clothes before the fire, 
And when they rose the following day 
He gave them victuals for the way, 
And never left them till he showed 
The road he thought the straightest road. 

"The Master was right," thought Peter then, 
"The robber is better than better men, 
There's many an honest man," thought he, 
"Who never did as much for me." 

They had not left the robber's ground 
Above an hour, when lo, they found 
A man upon the mountain track 
Lying dead upon his back. 
And Peter soon, with much surprise, 
The beggarman did recognize. 

3826 tYlan tamis an c Saint annran easlaip 

mona tall, m ttionn ann ran ain^iCD 50 mime ace matlaec m6-|tt 
Ctittummj; peaT>an An c-ainsio"o le c6ile, a^vm ciiai* r£ 50 "oc J 
an pott-m6na teir ; a£z nuain £>i f£ "out "o'a eaiteam arceae,' 
" oC6n," An r6 teif ?em, - nae ■Aitfoeut an enua$ an c-ainsicm 
onea$ fo "oo cun amuga, a^ur if mime bionn ocnar a^uf cane 
a^tm puaec an An ffiaijifor., 6in 111 cugann f6 aon aine "66 p6in, 
aCc const)6Cait) mife cuit) "oe 'n ain^iCD ro an ron ateafap6in,- 
a $an fior t>6, aguf b'feann'oe e." teif rm "oo cait ?6 An c- 
ainjiot) seat uite, arceae ann ran bpott, 1 nioec 50 jcttunreat) 
an Uijeanna an conan, ajiif 5° raoitfea'd f£ 50 t^ 1 ^ f 6 ui1 - e 
caitce arceae: tluain tamig r 6 A F airann rm "o'^iarnms an Ci$- 
eanna, "06 " A pnea"oain," an r^> " ^n eait cu an c-ain5io*o rm mte 
arceae." " Cnaiteaf ' : an pea*oan, " aec amam piora oin no 
r>6, "oo eonsttaij m6 te bia"6 a^ur "oeoe t>o eeannac T>uic-re." 

" O ! a pneat)ain," an ran dgeanna, " cneat) ?At nae n"oean- 
naitt cu man "oubainc mire teac. "fear, fanncae Cu, agur t>6rd 
an crainc rm one 50 bnat." 

Sin e- an pat faoi a bpuit an eaglair ranncac 6 fom. 

How Covetousness came into the Church: 3827 

" Ochone !" thought Peter, " we had no right 
To refuse him alms the other night. 
He's dead from the cold and want of food, 
And we're partly guilty of his blood." 
" Peter," said our Lord, " go now 
Feel his pockets and let us know 
What he has within his coat." 
Then Peter turned them inside out, 
And found within the lining plenty 
Of silver coins, and gold ones twenty. 
"My Lord," said Peter, "now I know 
Why it was you acted so. 
Whatever you say or do with men, 
I never will think you wrong again." 
"Peter," said our Saviour, "take 
And throw those coins in yonder lake, 
That none may fish them up again, 
For money is often the curse of men." 

Feter gathered the coins together, 
And crossed to the lake through bog and heather. 
But he thought in his mind : " It's a real sin 
To be flinging this lovely money in. 
We're often hungry, we're often cold, 
And money is money — I'll keep the gold 
To spend on the Master ; He needs the pelf, 
For He's very neglectful of Himself." 
Then down with a splash does Peter throw 
The silver coins to the lake below, 
And hopes our Lord from the splash would think 
He had thrown the whole from off the brink. 
And then before our Lord he stood 
And looked as innocent as he could. 

Our Lord said : " Peter, regard your soul ; 
Are you sure you have thrown in the whole?" 
"Yes, all," said Peter, "is gone below, 
But a few gold pieces I wouldn't throw, 
Since I thought we might find them very good 
For bed, or for drink, or a bite of food. 
Because our own are nearly out, 
And they are inconvenient to do without. 
But, if you wish it, of course I'll go 
And fling the rest of the lot below." 

"Ah, Peter, Peter," said our Lord, 
" You should have obeyed me at my word, 
For a greedy man you are, I see. 
And a greedy man you will ever be ; 
A covetous man you are of gain, 
And a covetous man you will remain." 

And that's the reason, as I've been told, 
The clergy are since so fond of gold. 


pfO$A1R. HA CROISe llAOliltA. 

O nArhA-o mo 6f\eix>itti, nAmAt) mo tif.% 
11AriiAT> mo ctomne 'r mo ceile^ 

A CijeAnnA ■oeun mo cotriAince 
te pogAin nA Cnoire nAomtAi 

Le bAr nA Cnoire ceAnnAig cu 

Sliocc [mi-] foncunAC 6oa,- 
fom AtiuAf ir beAnriAijte 

An coriiAntA ro A^-o-nAomtA: 

T)o pleurs Ar > Calais, "oo -ouib An gni^J 
T)o cnoit An ■oot'hAn 50 li-eACCAc, 

TluAin •o'An'OAigeA'd ruAr An SlAnin$te6in 
An "onuim tiA Cnoire nAotfitA. 

J?4«Aon ! "oA bitm rin, An ce 

tlAC mbeit) a cnoroe "o'A neubA-6,' 

A'r "oeoin Aitnige aj; rileA-6 uato, 
Or coitiAin nA Cnoire nAotntA ! 

1r geAnn 6 neim An -oume tAig 
Sior te pAn An c-rAogAit-re, 

Hi tAomAnn (?) An SpionAT) mALtuiJte 
Iaicc po§Ain nA Cnoife TlAon'itAj 

S5Ann|\6CAn 5A6 Aon pAoi gneim An OA<.f 
*0'A tACCAt) ruAr, A5 eugA-6, 

— 1f "OOCC belt) LA At1 AnAf A 

5ah rj;At nA Cnoire 1lAomtAj 



[I came across this religious poem in Irish among the MSS. of William 
Smith O'Brien, the Irish Leader, at Cahermoyle. It was attributed to 
a Father O'Meehan. — Douglas Hyde, in " Religious Songs of Connacht."] 

From the foes of my land, from the foes of my faith, 

From the foes who would us dissever, 
O Lord, preserve me in life, in death, 

With the Sign of the Cross for ever. 

By death on the Cross was the race restored, 

For vain was our endeavor ; 
Henceforward blessed, O blessed Lord, 

Be the Sign of the Cross for ever. 

Rent were the rocks, the sun did fade 

The darkening world did quiver, 
When on the tree our Saviour made 

The Sign of the Cross for ever. 

Therefore I mourn for him whose heart 

Shall neither shrink nor shiver, 
Whose tears of sorrow refuse to start 

At the Sign of the Cross for ever. 

Swiftly we pass to the unknown land, 

Down like an ebbing river, 
But the devils themselves cannot withstand 

The Sign of the Cross for ever. 

When the hour shall come that shall make us dust, 

When the soul and the body sever, 
Fearful the fear if we may not trust 

In the Sign of the Cross for ever. 


t>eA a -ocnf mt)0. 

5o n eib; beAn tiA *ocni mb<5 ! 
Af "oo bblAcc nA bi ceAtin : 
*Oo connAinc meifi $An 56,' 
"bean if bA "6a mb a beAnn; 

Hi niAineAnn f AibbneAf "oo £nAt, 
"Oo neAb nA CAbAin cAin 50 mort 3 

CligAC ATI C-6A3 Af. 5AC CAOb ; 
go feib, A OeATI T1A T)Ctti mbd 

SUocc eojAin tfloin 'f& tTluTfiAing 
A n-imteAcc -oogni clu "boib, 
A feotcA ^un t^ijeA'OA-p f lof ; 
50 f.eib, a beAn tiA "ocfi mbb ! 

CtAtin gAifge tigeA^tiA An CtAin, 
A n-imteACC-fAn, bA tA teom, 
5ati f uil ne n-A "oceAcc 50 bf At 
go feib, a beAn tiA *ocfi mbb ! 

"ObrhnAlL 6 "Oun bAOT tia long,- 

tiA SuTLleAbAin nA'f tim gtOn ; 

£eAC j;uf. tuic 'f An SpAm ne ctAibeAm 3 

50 feib, a beAn nA "ocfi mbb ! 

11a UuATnc if fllAsUi-bif, -oo b? 
X.A 1 n-6itnnn 'nA tAn beoii ; 
peAC f em gun imti£ An "oif : — 
|5o f eib, a beAn nA T>cfi mb6 ! 

Siot gCeAfbATlt "oo bi ceAnnj 
le mbeifti j;ac geAlt 1 n^leb ; 
Hi niAif eAnn Aon T>iob, mo "bit I 
50 neit), a beAn nA "ocfi mbo 1 

Aon bom Am Am do bneif 
Af mnAOT eite, if i a *ob, 
T)o mnnif-pe lomofCA a feif : 
50 f eibj a beAn nA *ocfi mod I 

An CeAngAl: 

tHob Af m'fAUums, a Ain-oin if UAibneAb snflifj 
t)o bfof gAn "oeAfmAT) f eAf mAC buAn 'f^ cnOt : 
Cfix> An f Acmuf -oo $tACAif ne'e' buAib An "ocflf; 
"OA bfA$Amn-fe feAlb a ceAtAif "oo buAitfinn ttl# 


(Feom the Irish, by James Clarence Mangan.) 

Woman of Three Cows, agra ! don't let your tongue thus rattle ! 
Oh, don't be saucy, don't be stiff, because you may have cattle. 

1 have seen — and, here's my hand to you, I only say what's true — 
A many a one with twice your stock not half so proud as you. 

Good luck to you, don't scorn the poor, and don't be their despiser ; 
For worldly wealth soon melts away, and cheats the very miser; 
And death soon strips the proudest wreath from haughty human brows- 
Then don't be stiff, and don't be proud, good Woman of Three Cows. 

See where Momonia's heroes lie, proud Owen M6r's descendants. 
'Tis they that won the glorious name, and had the grand attendants ; 
If they were forced to bow to Fate, as every mortal bows, 
Can you be proud, can you be stiff, my Woman of Three Cows ? 

The brave sons of the Lord of Clare, they left the land to mourning ; 
Mow one ! for they were banished, with no hope of their returning. 
Who knows in what abodes of want those youths were driven to house ? 
Yet you can give yourself these airs, O Woman of Three Cows. 

Oh, think of Donnel of the Ships, the Chief whom nothing daunted, 
See how he fell in distant Spain unchronicled, unchanted ; 
He sleeps, the gieat O'Sullivan, where thunder cannot rouse- 
Then ask yourself, should you be proud, good Woman of Three Cows ? 

O'Ruark, Maguire, those souls of fire, whose names are shrined in story : 
Think how their high achievements once made Erin's greatest glory. 
Yet now their bones lie mouldering under weeds and cypress boughs — 
And so. for all your pride, will yours, O Woman of Three Cows. 

Th' O'Carrols, also, famed when fame was only for the boldest, 

Rest in forgotten sepulchres with Erin's best and oldest; 

Yet who so great as they of yore in battle or carouse? 

Just think of that, and hide your head, good Woman of Three Cows. 

Your neighbour's poor ; and you, it seems, are big with vain ideas, 
Because, inagh ! you've got three cows — one more, I see, than she has ; 
That tongue of yours wags more at times than charity allows ; 
But if you're strong, be merciful — great Woman of Three Cows. 


Now, there you go ; you still, of course, keep up your scornful bearing, 
And I'm too poor to hinder you ; but, by the cloak I'm wearing, 
If I had but four cows myself, even though you were my spouse, 
I'd thwack you well, to cure your pride, my Woman of Three Cows. 

First published by O'Curr? In the "Irish Penny Journal" (Gunn & Cameron's) 
No. 9, 29th August, 1840, with an introductory note, and Mangan's famous metrical 
version (pp. 68, 69). 


An tiAnn 5Aet>eAtACs 

A5 V° t VAtin teAt-pAgAncA eile "oo cuAlAf 6 <>uine o Con*OAe 
"Oum-nA-nsAlt ; but) mi-fuAimneAc fcii-o nA ti-€ifeAnn, mAf if 
COftflUll,- nilAlf fmneA-d 6 — 

nAf mAfbAit) mife "oume Af. bit 

A'f nAn mAf.bAi"6 Aon T>uine me, 

Ace mA ca Aon T>uine Af. ci mo rftAfbtA 
go mbut> mif e rhAfbf Af e ! 

A5 fo fAnn eile Af ah gcleif, "oo bi aca 1 ^Cui^e murhAn, Ajuf 
•oo beif O T)AtAi$ t)uiTin — 

SeACAm peA"6mATiAf cilte, 

te bui-oin tia cteife nA "oeun commit), 
tlo if bAO^At "oo "o'cui-o uile 

imteAcc mAf "binleAbAf Af b^ff cmte ! 

A5 fo f^nn Af An meif^e, *oo ctiAlAit) me 6 m' CAfAiT> UomAf 
tDAfclAisj 1f beAgriAC 1 n " "Oeibi-oe e " — 

tli meifge if mifce Horn,- 

Ace teifs a peicfinc ofm, 

Jati "Dig tia meifge if mifce An ^feAnn,- 

Acc ni gnAXAC meifge gAn mi-$feAnn. 

A5 fo f Ann t)o cuAlAf 6'n bpeAf ceut)nA, Af mnAoi boifb ; acA 
pe aca 1 sCuige TTIurhAn mAf An sceutmA — 

pATiot) ceme fAoi toe 

Tlo CAiteAm clot le cuAn,- 
CorhAifle "oo tAbAifc *oo mnAoi boifb 

1f buille "o'ofo* Af lAfAnn ftiAf: 

A5 fo fAnn mi-tAgAC eile Af nA mnAib, vo cuAlAf 1 ^ConiiAft- 

CAlb — 

Cfi ni"0 if "ooitig A munAt) 
t)eAn, muc, Aguf muile ! 

♦Aliter, "-ooifiTi," map, cuaIaf e 6 peAji e»le. 



[From " Songs of Connacht," by Douglas Hydb.] 

Here is a half-Pagan rann which I heard from a man in 
Donegal. The state of Ireland seems to have been unsettled 
at the time it was made — 

I hope and pray that none may kill me, 
Nor I kill any, with woundings grim, 

But if ever any should think to kill me 
I pray thee, God, let me kill him.* 

Here is another rann about the clerics which O'Daly gives 
us — ■ 

Avoid all stewardship of church or Kill, 
It is ill to be much in the clerics' way, 
Lest you live to see that which with pains you save, 
Like foam on the wave float far away.f 

Here is a rann on drunkenness which I got from my friend 
Thomas Barclay. It is almost in Deibkidh metre — 
I mind not being drunk, but then 
Much mind to be seen drunken. 
Drink only perfects all our play, 
Yet breeds it discord alway.J 

Here is another rann on the fierce or wayward woman, which 
I heard from the same; it is also current in Munster — 
Like a fire kindled beneath a lake, 

Like a stone to break an advancing sea, 
Like a blow that is struck upon iron cold, 
To the wayward woman thy counsels be.§ 

Here is another discourteous rann on women that I heard 
in Connacht — 

If you hope to teach, you must be a fool, 
A woman, a porker, or a mule.|| 

* Literally : That I may kill no man at all, and that no man may kill 
me ! But if there is anyone bent on killing me, that it may be I who 
ehal 1 kill him ! 

t Literally: Avoid the stewardship of a Kill (or church). With the 
band of the clerics do not make agreement, or there is a danger of all 
your portion departing like leaves on the top of the tide. 

t Literally: It is not intoxication I think the worse of, but [am] loath 
it to be seen on me. Without the drink of intoxication fun ia the worse, 
but intoxication is not usual without dis-fun [i.e., something the opposite 
of funj. 

§ lAterally : The kindling of a fire beneath a lake or the throwing of 
stones against the harbor, to give advice to a wayward (or fierce) 
woman, it is a blow of a fist upon cold iron. 

|| Literally: Three things difficult to teach [arej a woman, a pig, and 
a mule 1 

Irish Lit. Vol. io— G 

3834 xXn ttAnn SACoeAtAcj 

<<*5 r<> l»A«ti An -An OpeAn bonb, ■oo cuAtAf i scon-OAS 
ttofcom.iin — 

C6rhAinte *oo tAbAinc t>o "flume bonb 
til bt:uit -Ann a6c nitt $An c6ill; 
5o sclAOTbceAn 6 'ua toCc 

S 50 mgceAn 6 'ua Aim-teAr t;6m: 

^5 50 cOmAinte "oo tug rAj;Anc 1 5Cont)A6 1Tlbui$ e<3 T)o CaiUu 
•do bi n6 $AiU-beurA6 steurcA, -oo CuaIai-6 m6 6'n btreAn 
ceu"onA — 

A CAilin "oeAr n^ meAr ^un m6n ! t>o CiAttj 

'S 50 bt:ua " nOaon " a^at) n^n CteACc x>o p6n AniAm,- 

t>6LA6c-bleA6c *oo b'Aice teo An rtiAb, 

'S ni coca bneAC An pleAC (?) -oo tonA fiAn: 

^5 fo jrocAl bnio$mAn Af 6onuA6 tfluig e6 — 

" SaoiIiui," " ir t>6i§ tiom," A'r " -OAn Horn t;6in," 
£■".« cni fiAtfnuire ACi A5 An mbn6i5. 

As^r "oubAinc t:eAn 6'n 5conT)A6 teu'onA 50 cnumn tiAtlrhAn le 
•oume a nAib An-CAinc Agur co$a An b6A|\tA Aige, acc t>o ninne 
■onoC-uifgebeACA — 

Tli b6Aj\tA gmt) bnAi6 

-0\CC A f UAtAt) JO ttlAlt ! 

A5 fo fAnn mAit An An crion-tnoit) rin acA An bun i"oin An 
coil Ajjur An ctngfinc, Ain An lAbAin An Tlom^nAC, nuAin "oubAinc 
re, video meliora probo-que — deteriora sequor — 

•JIaC bote An coifs A'r An con Ann a bruiUm 1 bp6in 1 
ITlo Cui5finc 6m' toii, A'r mo toit A5 T)nuroim 6m' £611X5 
Hi CuigteAn "oom' toil s&t toCc "com' tuijrinc ir I6in, 
Ho mA CuigteAn, ni coil t6i, aCc coil a cuisrionA r£mj 

* Literally: To give advice to a wayward for fierce] man, there is 
nothing in it but an act devoid of sense, until he be overthrown in hie 
fault, and until he is washed [i.e., laid out dead] in his own misfortune. 

t Literally. My pretty girl, do not think that great is your sense, and 
sure you have a notion that your people [literally, " seed "] never 
practised, milk-kine on a mountain they liked better, and not a speckled 
ooat behind. 

Irish Ranns. 3835 

Here is a rann on the fierce or wayward man, which I heard 
in the County Roscommon — 

To a wayward man thine advice to bring 
Is a foolish thing, and a loss of time, 

His fault must find him, he must be crost, 
Till death be the cost of his frantic crime.* 

Here is an advice which a priest in the County Mayo gave 
to a girl who was too foreign-mannered and dressy; I heard 
it from the same — 

My girl, I fear your sense is not great at all, 
Your fathers, my dear, would rate such sense as small, 
They loved good cheer and not state, and a well-filled stall, 
Not garments queer to inflate like the purse-proud Gall.f 

Here is a forcible saying from the County Mayo— 

"No doubt sure," "Myself believes," "Thinks I," 
Three witnesses these of the common lie \\ 

A man from the same county said pithily to someone who 
had fine talk and choice English, but who made bad whiskey — 

It's to mix-without-fault, 

And not English, makes malt!§ 

Here is a good rann on that constant combat which is ever 
on foot between the will and the reason, of which the Latin 
spoke when he said, " I see the better things and approve of 
them, but I follow the worse " — 

How sad is my case, I am surely in plight most ill, 
My will with my reason, my reason fights with my will, 
My reason sees faults that my will remains blind to still, 
Or should my will see them, my reason strikes to my will.|| 

X Literally: "I think," "I'm near-sure," and "it seems to me," those 
are three witnesses that the lie has. 

§ Literally : It is not English makes malt, but to mix it well. 

|| Literally: Is it not poor, the way and the condition in which I am 
in pain, my understanding [moving away] from my will, and my will 
moving away from my understanding. Each fault which is plain to my 
understanding is not understood by my will, or if it is understood she 
wills it not, but [wills] the will of her own understanding. 

3836 An ttAnn 5Aet>eAtAC; 

As r° 1^™ eite ; if r^n-focAt coiccionn " til tmgeAnn ati 
f ACac An f eAng " — 

tlTC-fl ATfTg An fACAC fATTTI ATI C-OC|\AC flATfl, 

S TIT tATT115 |\1ATfl CltAJAt) JATI tAn-rhlTTn Ot)A11tl *Y\A t)1AT5, 

t1i bionn pATfic a^ mnATb te snogATne tTAt, 
S ni tug An t)Af fP A r "°° *ume An bTt AniAtf), 

-^5 f° fAtin eTte a^ ceitt Aguf aa rhT-ceTtt — 

ClAtt AJUf mT-CTAtt 

"Oi^f tiaC ngAbAnn te ceTte ! 
1f "0615 te T:eAj\ j;An ceat 

5uj\ 'be peTn uj'OAfl tia ceate ! 

^5 V° flAnn eTte aa ah •otnne a bpua a ATne Agur a innann 

AU pATI tJATt) — 

CfATin CO|\AT6 ATT C-TUbAf., 

til bionn coT"6ce gAn bApn 5tAf, 

lOTITIATin A'f 5ATT A beTt 'fATl TTlbAlte 

TleAC Ann A'f a ATjre Af ! 

CA motvAn twin Ann, a$ TnnrTnc •oeTtu'o neTteAtt An CfAogATt: 
CneT-OTm 50 bfint An cut"© Tf mb aca coTCCTonn -oo'n OTteAn aa 
t:At); Tli tTubfAt) AnoTf acc ceAnn aca niAn fomptA, "oo neTn mAp 
acA pe 1 5conx)Ae mnuTj-eo — 

TJeTfeA-b toTnge, bAtAt), 

"OeTneAt) ATte, tot^A"©, 
'OeTfieA* cuTfTn, cATneA-b, 

"OeTneA* ftATnce, ornA; 

AzA niAn An jceu'onA a tin "oe AAnncATb A5 cofiijA'd teTf An 
bfocAt " 1TIai|\5 " A5 T>eunAtfi cnuATge jtaoi neifcTb eugfArhtA; A"g 

* Literally : The mild satisfied one never felt [for] the hungry one, 
and there never came an ebb without a full tide close behind it. No 
woman has any part with a gray-haired dotard (?), and death has never 
given, respite to anyone. 

t Literally : Sense and un-sense, two who do not go together. The 
man without seuse is certain that he himself is the author of sense. 

Irish Ranns. 3837 

Here is another rann : " The satiated does not understand 
the lean " is a common proverb — 

The satisfied man for the hungry one never feels, 
There never comes ebb without full tide close at its heels, 
To the gray-haired dotard no woman her heart reveals, 
From death when he comes no praying a respite steals.* 

Here is another rann on sense and folly — 

Though the senseless and sensible 

Never foregather, 
Yet the senseless one thinks 

He is Sense's own father, f 

Here is another rann on the man whose attention and mind 
are astray — 

A constant tree is the yew to me, 

It is green to see, and grows never gray, 
'T were as good for a man through the world to roam 

As to live at home with his mind away. \ 

There exist many ranns telling the end of the things of the 
world. I believe the most of these are common to the entire 
island. I shall only give one of them here as a specimen, in 
the form it has in the County Mayo — 

The end of a ship is drowning, 

The end of a kiln is burning, 
The end of a feast is frowning, 

The end of man's health — is mourning. § 

There are also a great number of ranns beginning with the 
word " alas," or " woe," lamenting over various things. Here 

\ A tree of fruit is the yewtree, it is never without a green top. It is 
the same thing for a man not to be at home as for him to be there with 
his attention away. [The idea seems to be that wherever a man is^ 
planted, he should remain there with his mind fresh and green like the 
yew and not grow withered by wishing to be where he cannot be.] 

§ Literally : The end of a ship — drowning ; the end of a kiln — burning; 
the end of a feast — reviling ; the end of health — a sigh. 

3838 An tidtin gAeteAtAt. 

ro ctipta romptA T)iob fo, Af An sconce ttoreomAin, man *oo 

CUAtAf 1AT) — 

1r mAinj; "oo $nit> bnAnnnA gAn riot, 

» 1f mAing bior 1 ■ocin 5^n beit cneun, (a) 

1r mAinj; t>o jmt) comnAt) gAn rtACC, 

Ajjur t>a thAins tiAC gcuineAnn f mACc An a beuts 

Ajur ^nir— 

1r mAinj; a mbionn a tAnA*o £Ann,' 

1r mAinj; a mbionn a ttAnn gAn nAt, 

1r mAtng a biteAr 1 mbotAn bocc, 

A'r t>a mAinj; a bi-oeAf gAn otc nA mAit; 

1r lonroA nAnn Ann,' mAn An 5-ceu"onA, CofAigeAf te 1f ipu&t 

1r -puAt tiom cAifteAn An mOin, 

1r -puAt 110m potjrhAn beit bAit)ce.; 
1f puAt 110m beAn bumneAt (?) An bnbnj 

'5 u r 1 f puAt tiom jmaca An fA5Ancj 

Anir — 

1r puAt Horn cti cntiA§ 

AS neAt (nit) An put) ti$e, 
1r piiAt tiom "otnne-uAfAt 

A$ pneAfCAt x>'a mnAoi ! 

Ua n^vnn corriiuit teif reo 1 "ocAoib ptnnn ttlhic ChuriiAit— 

Ceitne m* t>'a "ocuj "pionn puAt — 

Cu cnuAg, a'f eAt mAtt, 
UiJeAnnA cine $au beit 5tic, 

-Ajgur beAn -pin nAt mbeAjvpAt) ctAnnj 

but) gnAtAt teir riA VAomib beititfeAt 615m t>o n'iAnbAt> A^ur 
•o'lte oit>ce pneite rrihAncAin: UbAntA, An oit>te re6, nAt pAit> 
te mAnbAt) A5 mnAoi An cije Ate muc bneAc, Ajjup nion ti)A:t t6i 
rm "oo "oeunAm. Ate but) miAn teir An mAC btite mAit t>o belt 

(a) Aliter, rjieitieAc. 
Literally: Alas for who makes land fallow without seed [to put in it], 
alas for him who is in a land without being Btrong, alas for who makes 
conversation without elegance, and twice alas for him who places no 
control over his mouth. 

Irish Ranns, 3839 

are a couple of examples of them, just as I heard them in the 
County Roscommon — 

Alas for who plow without seed to sow, 

For the weak who go through a foreign land, 

For the man who speaks badly >et does not know, 
— Twice woe for the mouth under no command.* 

And again — 

Alas for the man who is weak in friends, 

For the man whose sons do not make him glad, 

For the man of the hut through which winds can blow, 
— Twice woe for who neither is good nor badf 

There is also many a rann beginning with the words " I 
hate." Such as — 

I hate a castle on bog-land built, 

And a harvest spilt through the constant wet, 

I hate a woman who spoils the quern, 
And I hate a priest to be long in debt.J 

Again — 

I hate poor hounds about a house 

That drag their mangy life, 
I hate to see a gentleman 

Attending on his wife ?§ 

There is a rann somewhat like this about Finn Mac Cool — 

Four things did Finn dislike indeed, 

A slow-foot steed, a hound run wild, 
An unwise lord who breeds but strife, 

And a good man's wife who bears no child. || 

It used to be the custom of the people to kill and eat some 
beast on St. Martin's Night. It happened on this night that 
the woman of the house had nothing she could kill except a 
speckled pig, and she did not like to do this. But her son 

t Literally: Alas for him whose friend is feeble, and alas for him 
wHose children are without prosperity, alas for him who is in a poor 
bothy or hut, and twice alas for him who is without either bad or good. 
, [Perhaps this last clause is a reminiscence of the Apocalyptic 

o<pe\ov i/'uxpds'rjs t/ 6£«tt6s.] 

t Literally: I hate a castle on a bog, I hate a harvest to be drowned, 
I hate a * * * (P) woman at a quern, and I hate debt on a priest. 

% Literally: I hate a miserable hound running throughout a house, I 
hate a gentleman atending [i.e., for want of servants] on his wife. 

|! Literally: Four things to which Finn gave hatred, a miaerabie hound, 
a slow steed, a country's lord not to be prudent, and a man's wife who 
would not bear children. 

3840 An TUnn ^Ae-oeAtAC; 

Aige A^uf cuato fe ' opotAC An Cut An ci$e, -o'AtnAig fe a $utJ 
Agtif "outtAinc fe T>e $t6n gn^nnA uAtoAfAc An pAnn fo — 

ITlife TTIAncAn "oeAng "Oia, 

A^uf Af 5AC feAtt> buAimm peoit, 

TYlAn nAn mAnft cupA An time bneAc 

ttlAnopAit) mipe t>o rhAC ConmAC 65; 

"Do fSAnnnAijeA* An rhAtAin, oin f Aoit pi gun o'e tlAorh TYlAfCAn 
pein "do 01 A5 tAOAipc, Aguf mApo pi An rfiuc; 

A5 fa rgeul x>o pgpioo ^^ V°V ° tieut tiliceAit tthc TltiAi'opis 
" An pile Af Conx>Ae tiling- e<3," mAp teAnAf : 

" t)i beipe fA^Af-c A5 fpAifoeopACc, Aon tA AtfiAin,- A^up conn- 
Aipc piAt> [aj] cijeACc 'nA n-A$Ait) teAt-AmAT>An nAC pAib Aon CiAtt 
Aise, acc bi pe Ar1 geApp- pi ob aUaC [seip-fpeAgAptAc], Agup AnfA 
ceAnn -oe nA pAgAipc teip An bpeAp eite, - cuippi"0 me ceipe aj\ 
"OhiAnmuTO Anoip ntiAip titicpATO pe 1 njAp "oumn.' - 1p peApp 
•ouic a teigeAn CApc ' An f An peAp eite; 11iiAip tAmig 'OiApmui'o 
1 n-mci$ (?) [= 1 ngAn] "061b, &\\fA ceAnn x>o nA pA^Aipc teif, ' lApp- 
AniAoi-o one [= pApfui$imi*o T»ioc] ca"o e An uAin bei-oeAp a CAinc 
Ag An bppeAC^n "out) ' ? "OeApc "OiApmui'o puAp Ann f An A$Ait> 
Af An f AgAnc, A^uf - mnf eocAit) me fin "ouic,' Af feif eAn 

TluAip c6rhnocAf An c-iuptAt [c-iotAp] Af An ngteAnn,' 

TluAip gtAnpAf An ceo "oe nA cnuic, 
TluAip imteoCAp* An cpAinc "oe nA pA^Aipc 

t)eit> a CAinc A5 An bppeACAn t)ub. 

* lloif,' Af fAn fAgAfc eite, ■ nAp DfeAff -ouic eipceACC te 
•OidnmuiT) I ' " 

As fo fAnn eite "oo puAip me o'n mt)ApctAij;eAC — 

^eAttpAi-O An peAp bpeuj;A6 

5aC [a] DfeinjAf a en oi-oe, 
SAoitpit) An peAn fAnncAC 

5a6 a geAttCAf 50 Dpuig'.f 

A5 fo ceAnn eite 6 contJAe 111111115 66 — 

An ce teigeAf a teAbAp. 
A^f nA6 gcmneAnn e 1 meAOAn,- 
tluAif CAitteAnn fe a teAbAn 
t)ionn fe 'ha OAiteAdAn (?) 

* " &tz 50 n-imcij," "oubxM|ic XY\ac ui HuAttJjiij, <xcc ni teijt ■oAtn ftn. 
f = go bfuijf i-o f e 5AC ni-6 5eAtlcAjt. 

Irish Manns. 3841 

wished to have a good meal, and he went and hid at the back 
of the house, changed his voice, and spoke this rann in hideous, 
awful tones — 

I am God's Martin, hear my word, 

Out of every herd one head is mine, 
I must slay your Cormac 'Og this day 

Since you will not slay the spotted swine.* 

The mother was frightened, for she thought it was St. Martin 
himself who was speaking, and she killed the pig. 

Here is a story which I wrote down from the mouth of 
Michael Mac Rory [Rogers], the " poet from the County Mayo,*' 
as follows — 

" There were two priests out walking one day, and they saw coming 
towards them a half fool who had no sense, but he was very short-tailed 
[i.e., quick-at-answer], and says one of the priests to the other, ' I'll 
ask Diarmuid a question when he comes near us.' ' It's best for you 
to let him pass,' says the other one. When Dairmuid came near them 
one of the priests says to him, ' We're asking you when shall the black 
crow have speech.' Diarmuid looked up in the priest's face, and ' I'll 
tell you that,' says he : 

' When the eagle shall nest in the hollow glen, 

When mountain and fen shall from mists be free, 
When the priests shall no longer for gold be seeking, 
The crow shall be speaking as plain as we.' 

" ' Now !' says the other priest, ' wasn't it better for you to listen to 
[i.e., let be] Diarmuid ' ! " 

Here is another rann from which I got from the same — 

The lying man has promised 

Whatever thing he could, 
The greedy man believes him, 

And thinks his promise good.t 

Here is another, also from the County Mayo — > 

The man who only took 
His learning from his book, 
If that from him be took 
He knows not where to look.} 

*I am Martin red-God (?) and out of every herd, do I take meat; as 
you have not killed the speckled pig, I shall kill your son Cormac Oge. 

(This use of the word re-alb (which now means any possession) for 
" herd " is ancient and curious, but Father O'Growney tells me it is still 
used in Donegal in this sense.) 

t Literally: The lying man will promise all that his heart is able [to 
invent], the covetous man will think that he will get all that is promised. 

J Literally: He who reads his book, and does not put it into his 
memory, when he loses his book be becomes a simpleton (?). 


se£$<Ati An "oTomxMSi 
t)li3mln as suAiu nA tvemeAmu 
conAn mAoU 

CAib. l. 

tnte via coitte.' 

1f iomt)A feAf SAifgeAmAit -do n-oiteAt) i n-tltA-b 6 Coin 
CutAinn AntiAf 50 "oci Se.d5.4n An "OiomAif; 1 bfAT> mf nA ciAn- 
CAib "oo fiigAt) Ann HiAtt nAoi nJi^ttAC, fi cnrhACCAC t»o Di 1 
•oUeAtnAifi; 1f mime "oo moctng ha RomAnAig 1 mt)feACAin a 
corgAinc fiutK 1 gceAnn -o'A cufufAib tu5 fe teif mAf time 
buACAitt 65 "o'Af b'Ainm 'ha "oiato fux> pAtjftiij;. "Do b'e An 
cime u"o An UAiljin gun innif ha "OfAoite foim fAe a teACc. O 
a ctu, t a ceAmiAf 50 b-Aibit) fbf imeAfg 5 Ae>DeAl -> A ^ z "oAtd 
Tient nAoi ngi^ttAij if beA5 nAb bfuit a Aimn •oeAntriA'ocA. Af 
a fon foin t>A mbf te fA-b An fi n"o id, *] Af a teAffAbA "o' fAf 
An Aicme da bumAfAige -| bA bAtmA "o'A fAib 1 n£ifmn te n-A tinn 
pern, 'nA b'pei'oin Af t>fuim An *oorhAin,- CuAfOAig fCAif nd 
jjcfiob eite, yeac imeAfg Aicmib Abuf -| tAtt 7 ni bftngfif V 1 ! 1 
•o'Aon cmeAt) AriiAin t>o b'Aitne "oneAC, "oo bA bAtmA 1 ngteb, no 
bA gteif-inncineAb 1 scbrhAifte 'nA ha fAif-fif "oo fiotfATb Af 
feAt> nA jjcbA-ocA bUAt)An Af An bffeini uAf Ait fin mtunof 1leitt. 

"Pa mAf xio tiugA tin An $Aot ifiof nmbeAtt cfAinn "OAwe 1 
n'AonAf Af tAf mAbAife, gAn bAinc te n-A neAfC acc AriiAin nd 
■ouitteosA "oo fjiobAt) "be 7 fo-beAnn "d'a jeAgAib "00 bfifeAti 
te h-Af-o lAffAtc, "oo bA rhAf fin T>o nA SAfAnAig a\^ peA* beitfe 
ceAT> btiAt)An -o'A mbAfgA-b pbin 1 gcomnib nA gctifAitte ut> x>o 
CAmig 6 TliAtt nAOi-ngiAttAC ; 7 if e mo tuAifim nA buAi*>pit>e 
Coi-OCe oftA f ut» munA mbbA-b guf eifi5eA"OAf 1 n-A$Ait) a beite. 

11i fAib feAf Af An jcmeA-O bA mo cAit 'nA An SeAjAn fo -oo 
tuA-brntmo. 6ifeAnnAt 'nA bAttAib t>o b'eA* e, toni mAit 'nA 
totcAib 7 'nA tfeitib feAfAmtA. 11i f Aib f6 com 511c 1 scbtti- 
Aifte 'nA com seAf-cuifeAO 1 gceifc te b-xXo-b neiLl 
•o'fostuimi* cteAfAi-beACc fiAgtA 1 x)cig etife, bAmfio$Ain 
SAfAnA. 1li fAib bun-eOtAf cojai-O Aije com etifoe te ii-eo£An 
Uua-0, Abe niof fAfuig Aon "ouine aca fo e 1 n^Aif^e, 1 ngniom, 
§ nA 1 ngfAt) "o'A tif. CA Aon fmAt ArhAm Af a Ainrn.- T)'foittfi5 


By P. J. O'Shea. 



There was many- a valiant man reared in Ulster, from 
Cuchulainn to Shane the Proud. Far back in the old times 
Niall of the Nine Hostages was born there, a powerful king in 
Tara. The Romans in Britain often experienced the havoc 
wrought by him. In one of his expeditions he took with him as 
a prisoner of war a young boy whose name afterwards was 
Patrick. That slave was the saintly child whose coming the 
Druids foretold. His fame and his power are fresh and strong 
still among Gaels. But as to Mall of the Nine Hostages his 
name is almost forgotten. But nevertheless that king was 
very great once, and from his loins sprang the most powerful 
and the most valiant race that existed in all Ireland in their 
own time, or perhaps in the whole world. Search the history 
of other countries, seek among the tribes here and elsewhere, 
and you will not find men of any one race who were hand- 
somer in appearance or more valiant in battle or more intellec- 
tual in counsel than the brave men who, during hundreds of 
years, sprang from that noble root of the O'Neills. 

As the Avind howls round about an oak-tree standing by 
itself in the middle of a plain without reducing its strength, 
but only snatching leaves from it and breaking an odd one of 
its branches by a great effort, so it was with the English for 
four hundred years, flinging themselves against those cham- 
pions descended from Niall of the Nine Hostages : and it is my 
opinion that the latter would never have been conquered but 
for the fact that they rose up against each other. 

There was no man of the family more renowned than this 
Shane of whom we speak. He was an Irishman all over, as 
well in his faults as in his manly qualities. He was not so 
clever in counsel nor so subtle in disquisition as Hugh O'Neill, 
who learned state-craft in the house of Elizabeth, Queen of 
England. He was not so skilful in the science of warfare as 
Owen Roe, but neither of these surpassed him in valor, in 

3844 SeagAn An "OiomAif; 

nA SAfAnAig 5° foilSif An fmAt foin -ouinn 50 W'AtAfAti ™<af 
t>A beAg OftA Se^$AH 6 tleitt; "O'fUA'OAig fe beAn CAtbAig tJI 
"OorimAittj "oeifbfiuf "oo £igeAfnA nA nOiteAn coif AtbAm, •) if 
•0616 te n-A tAn ug-OAf gtif eAttng fife teif le n-A coit fein. 1f 
fuAfAC ti.dc fAib fe Com h-otc teif tiA SAfAnAig fein Af An gciim*! 
fAm, acc Am Am 50 n-AT>m6CA"6 feifeAn a 'OfoC-CteACCA'O mAf 
niof X)A fimmeAC e, aCc feAf fifinneAC nA ceitfeA"o a CAim; 

CAib. 2. 

6me te \v& Urnij 

11! feACAi*6 1nif £a1I id fUAimnif fiAm *6 gAb fe6tCA nd 
tlofmAnAC 1 3CUA11 Af " €f Aig ax\ t)Ainb " te "OiAfmATO x\a n^Atl 
itif An mbtiA-bAin 1169. tAimj; ha tlonmAnAig 50 SAfAnA o'n 
b'pfAinc ceAT> btiAt)An form An Am foin, fA fCiuftigA , 6 tiAim 
ftuA'otAig, T x>o fSAipeA-DAf nA SAfAnAig 1 n-Aon bfuigin AriiAm; 
t)i nA SAfAnAig fA Coif say\ rhoitt •] tlofmAnAC 'nA fig «j 'tiA 
buAnnA oftA feAfOA: lliof bA "OAtA fom -o'eifinn: O'n fi fin 
ah -OAf.A tlAnfi 50 -oci An c-occmA-O tlAnfi tM figte SAfAnA 'nA 
" -ocigeAf nAib " Af 6ifmn. Hi f Aib fe 1 mifneAC Aon -pi aca tti 
6ifeAnn ■oo gtAo-OAt) Aif fern guf CeAp An c-occriiA-o tlAnfi guf 
Coif "oo fem beit 'nA fi "OAififib Af £ifeAnnAig: 

Af An At)bAf fom Ctnf fe gAifm f^oite AniAC 50 fAib fe 
fiACCAnAC Af. tAoifeACAib mofA 6ifeAnn cftnnniiigA'O Af Aon 
tAtAif 50 mofonnfAt) fe cio-OAit 1 CAtArii OftA; 

"Oo b'e nof nA -ocAoifeAC fom 50 T>ci fux* beit 'nA gcmn 
Af An -ocfeio t ftomneAt) a x>cfeibe fein t»o togbAit: t)i (3 
t)niAin niAf CeAnn Af ttlinncif t)fiAin, 6 tleitt mAf CeAnn Af 
Vhunicif tleitt, T mAf fin -061b. Cuiffi-0 ah c-occmA-6 tlAnfi -oeif- 
eA-0 teif An nof f om f eAf-OA, 1 *o'a feif fin cuifeAnn fe fbgf a a$ 
CfiAtt Af Af-o-tAoifeACAib 6ifeAnn nA6 bftnt uai-0 aCc fioccAin 
•00 -oeAnAt) teo, "| 50 n'oeAnfAi'd fe cigeAfnAi mofA "Oiob, -j 50 
mbfonnfAi* fe CAtAm nA cfeibe OftA aCc geilieA-O -Oo. T)o 
itiACcntng nA CAOifig; "Oo feif nof nA n-£ifeAnn An uAif fin 
niofb' teif An "ocAOifeAC CAtAm nA cfeibe, aCc teo fem "\ teifeAn 
1 -oceAnncA C6ite.- t)i feifeAn mAf CeAnn oftA mAf -o'Afouig- 
eA"OAf fem e Af ComgeAtt 30 ncAbAff a*o fe ceAfc "ooib; An An 
A-obAf fom bio-OAf fAOf i ni teonifAt) An CAOifeAC a 5CUT0 

Shane the Proud. 3845 

action, nor in love of his country. There is just one stain upon 
his name. The English have shown us that stain clearly and 
gladly, for they detested Shane O'Neill. He carried off Cal- 
vach O'Donnell's wife, sister to the Lord of the Isles on the 
coast of Scotland; and many authors think that she eloped 
with him of her own will. He was very nearly as bad as the 
English themselves in that way, except that he would admit 
his evil conduct, for he was no hypocrite, but a truthful man, 
who would not conceal his fault. 



Inisfail never saw a day's peace after the sails of the Normans 
were lowered in the harbor at Traig-an-Vaniv,* with Foreign 
Dermot, in the year 1169. The Normans came to England 
from France a hundred years before that time, under the 
command of William the Conqueror, and they routed the 
Saxons in one single battle. The Saxons were overcome at 
once, and a Norman was King and task-master over them 
thenceforward. It was not thus with Ireland. From that 
King, Henry II., to Henry VII., the Kings of England were 
" lords " of Ireland. Not one of them had the courage to call 
himself King of Ireland until Henry VIII. thought that he 
ought to be really King over the Irish. 

He therefore issued a proclamation that all the great chiefs 
of Ireland must assemble in one place so that he might present 
them with titles and lands. 

Until then, it was the custom of those chiefs to be heads of 
the clans and to take the family name of their own clan. 
O'Brien was head of the O'Brien family, O'Neill of the O'Neill 
family, and so with all of them. Henry VIII. will put an end 
to this custom for the future, and accordingly he sends a notice 
to the high chiefs of Ireland that he wants nothing but to make 
peace with them, and that he will make great lords of them, and 
that he will bestow upon them the lands of their clan, provided 
they submit themselves to him. The chieftains reflected. 
According to Irish customs at that time the land of the clan 
did not belong to the chief, but to themselves and to him 
jointly. He was their head, because they themselves appointed 
him on condition that he would give them their rights. For 
that reason they were free, and the chief would not dare to 

* Somewhere on the coast of Wexford. The name is not now recognizable. 

3846 SeAgAn an "OioniAif. 

CAtrhAn X)o t>Ainc "oTott mAf of An oifeAt) cifc aca fgin Cum r\A 
CAtrhAn fom i ti Ai^efeAn. 

x\Cc fe\AC An "otije -peo "oo CeAp An c-oCcmAt> tlAnfi t a mmif- 
cCif 5UC Wolsey. t)eA"0 An c<\ feAfOA mAf m.ii$ifcif ap 
54c cfeio 1 n-ioriAt) oeit mAf "oo 01 ye 50 "oci fo 'nA UACOAfAn 
oftA. Tliof tAitnig An jnO 1 r\-Aor\ Con teif ah "ocfeio, aCc t>o 
fei-6ti;§ fe 50 "D1AT1 rhAit teif tiA CAOifeACAio, i "oo fmuAim-o 5^6 
ceAtin aca An a fon -pein 50 fAit> f e t a "ocSmis foimif cnAice, 
CuiffeAC te cOmfAC 1 n-AjjAit) ha SAfAnAC, t gun rhiti"o cofg -oo 
tun teif An imfeAf; 

X)'A cionn fom teigmit) gun tftAtt CAOifij; mofA nA n-£ifeAnn 
Anonn 50 ttin-oum cum TlAnfi mf An motiA-OAm 1541, 7 'nA me^rs 
Conn 6 Tleitt ; -\ 50 fAio An fi 50 fiAt, fAitceAC, uffAimeAC teO, 
1 50 nx>eAfnAi"0 fe lAftAi i ojeAfnAi "oioo "oo feif a gceim 'fA 


X)a tuoAifceAC An cufuf 6 iriA P ^o *>eA$Ait fe 5AC cfeio 1 n- 
€ifmn O'n nOf -oo 01 aca teif nA ciAncAio — fe fin ptAit "oo 
•OeAnAt) T)Cio fern Af An -ocfeio gAn fpteA"dCAf t)o fi£ &AfAnA. 
CAitfTo fiA-o feAfOA urhAtugAt) -oo'n lAftA nuA"6 fo ^0 Cum An 
fi t)0it>, 7 munA mbeit) fiAt> urhAt -06 cuiffeAf f Aigwuifi SAfAnA 
Cum cAt>fui$te teif An lAftA nuA* 1 gCOmAif fmACc "oo Cuf Af An 
•ocfeio m>An. til fulAif "oo'n lAftA nuAt) teif Aife tAOAifc "06 
pern no AfooCAi-o SAfAnA lAftA eite 'nA lonAt) a oeit> urfiAt 7 
mumceAfOA x>o'n fiAgAlcAf; 

Caio. 3: 

Stttixvim 1 "ocTr eO$Airi; 

tliof o'lon^nA-O 50 fAio fiofmAfnAig 1 "oCif GO$Ain Af ceACC 
Af n-Aif "oo'n lAflA nuA-O, -j co^AfnAC "] cfotAt) ceAnn 7 l^im- 
feAit ctAi-OeAtn 50 bAgAftAC AOuf -] tAtl. " 1f 6 An Conn f o An 
CeAt) Heat *oo Cfom a $Uin Cum fi$ lAfACcA," Af fiA"OfAti, t 
tugA-oAf fuit An 6eA$An, AOf ahaC Cmnti. " Ca At>oAn fi$ Ann," 
A-ouof AX>Af te Ceite ; " \:An 50 t>f Af ai*> fe. ^eAC An gfUAis f. a-oaj 
^AmneAC, fionn f oin Aif , n An x>& f tut lAf riiAf a $tAf a f om Aigej 
Ca f e as Oof f aX> 50 ciu$. Ua t>f eif i f e Cf oi$te Af Aif -oe Ann 
CeAnA f6mj ^CaC 50 cfumn Aif, nAC teAtAn-$uAitneAC fumnce 
feAffA-OAC aca fe; COm -oifeAC te ftei$, COm tutmAf te piAt>| 

Shane the Proud. 3847 

take their land from them, for they had as much right to that 
land as he had. 

But observe this law that Henry VIII. and his cunning 
minister, Wolsey, devised. The chieftain would in future be 
the master of each clan, instead of being, as he had been 
hitherto, the head man of them. The business did not please 
the clan at all, but it suited the chieftains thoroughly well, and 
each of them thought for his own part that he and all who 
came before him were worried and tired with fighting against 
the English, and that it was time to put a stop the struggle. 

And so it is that we read that the great chiefs of Ireland 
traveled over to London to Henry in the year 1541, and among 
them Conn O'Neill ; and that the King was most generous and 
hospitable and respectful towards them, and that he made earls 
and lords of them according to their rank in life. 

It was an unlucky journey, for it parted every clan in Ire- 
land from the custom they had had for ages — that is, making a 
prince for themselves from among the clan, independently of 
the King of England. Henceforward they will have to obey 
this new Earl that the King has made for them, and if they 
will not be obedient to him, the soldiers of England will be 
sent to help the new Earl in order to repress the unruly tribe. 
The new Earl, too, must needs mind himself, or England will 
put up another Earl in his place who will be obedient and 
friendly to the Government. 



It was no wonder that there was whispering in Tir-Eoghain 
when the new Earl came back, whispering and shaking of 
heads and a threatening handling of swords on this side and 
that. " This Conn is the first O'Neill who bent his knee to a 
foreign King," said they, and they cast their eyes on Shane, 
Conn's eldest son. 

" There is the making of a King in him," they said to each 
other; "wait till he grows up. See that long, curly fair hair 
on him, and those two fiery gray eyes he has. He is growing 
fast. He is more than six feet in height already. Look at him 
closely; see how broad-shouldered, well-knit^ and sinewy he is, 
as straight as a spear, as fleet as a stag, as bold as the bull of 
a herd. Shane shall be prince over us, and Henry the Eighth's 
new Earl will have to ta&e himself off." 

3848 SeAjAn AnTMomAip. 

C6tn ■oAn te cAjtto cAnA: t)ei"6 SeAgAn mAn f tAic opAinn t caic« 
pi"b lAptA nuAt) An oCcrhA'o tlAnpi speATJAt) teip." 

CuAtAi"0 Conn tieitt An CosApnAC t -oo goitt fi Aipj 
CtiAtAit) pe -pin A5 CAinc te Ceite -] pAobAn 'nA p.A'OAnc; " 1p 
AnnfA teip An mAC cogAntA, TDacu An feAn"oonCA, 'nA SeA$An 
a rhAC "otifcmeAC -pern -oo tug a beAn-ageApnA t>6, An beAn if 
tiAipte i n-6inmn teip." T)o b'i mAtAin SeAgAin ingeAn An $eAf 
AtcAig, lAntA Citte "OAnA, An peAn t>A CurftACCAige i n-£-ininn; 

T)'iAnn An c-oCtmA"0 tlAnpi An Conn a oigne •o'AinmniugA'Oj 
" TVlActj," An Conn, -| nmneA-b t)Anun "OungeAnAinn "oe ttlActi 
lAitneAC: -" CAitp eAt)-fA mo ceAnc t>' f AgAit," A*oein SeAgAn: 
ConnAic Conn O Tieitt An tApAin 1 futAib a rinc: ConnAic pe An 
gnuAim An An "ocneib; " t)eit) SeAgAn mAn oigne onm," A"oein 
fe fA •OeineA'6, CAp. eif mopAn cApAinc. 

"O'lAff ttlACO CAOAIf Af ^AfAnA *J fUAIf fe i gAn moilt mAp 
bA rhAit teif nA 5 Al -tAib An teAtp^eAt cum mumcip Tieitt "oo 
Cup Af ceAfAib a ceite: CuipeAt) piop tAicpeAC Af Conn Tieitt 
i gcorhAin fAfAim "oo bAinc x>e i t>CAob VSIacu "oo *6i - 1 Ac ai pug At) ,- 
dec ni paca*) fe fiAf Af a geAttAtiiAinc "oo SeAgAn ^ buAiteAt) 
v>A $tAf i mt)Aite-AtA-ctiAt ej 

Caio: 4j 

£Aot)Att ctAittirfts 

T)o t)tA"6m SeAgAn An "DiomAif fUAf ^ gtAO'dAi'd fe An a 
rhumcip eipge AniAC, te n' ACAip •o'puApgtA'O. Tliop b'peApp teif 
nA SAfAnAij sno bi aca: SeOtA-o ptuAg o cuai*> 50 cuise UtA-6 
1 gcOtfiAif pmAiCc "oo Cup An An bpeAp 65 bAoC po, aCc -oo cAimj; 
peipeAn AniAp optA 50 b-obAinn, x>o gAb fe cpiotA, -j bio"OAn 
A5 bAinc nA fAtA "b'A eeite A5 ceiCeAt) uai-6. "Do gteAfAt) ptuAg 
eite Af An mbtiA*OAin "oo bi CusAinn (1552), aCc "oo ciotnAm 
SeAgAti foimip iat) 'nop psaca gAbAf. t)i peAn 1 n-A$Ait> nA 
SapaiiaC An con po. SgAoiteAtt Conn tieitt te ci piotCAnA 
•oo -oeAnA-O aCc bA beAg An mAiceAp e: T)o btAip SeAgAn At) 
"OiomAif puit. 

SJ CAitpeAp. An p eAf mop-OAtAC bopb po "oo Cops," AfpAn peA^\« 

Shane the Proud. 3849 

Conn O'Neill heard the whispering, and it troubled him. He 
Heard men talking together, with daggers {lit. an edge) in 
their looks. " He prefers the bastard son, Matthew, the dark 
man, to Shane, his own lawful son, whom his lady gave him — 
the noblest woman in Ireland, too! " 

Shane's mother was a daughter of the Geraldine, the Earl 
of Kildare, the most powerful man in Ireland. 

Henry VIII. asked Conn to name his heir. " Matthew," 
said Conn, and Matthew was made Baron Dungannon forth- 
with. " / must get my right," said Shane. Conn O'Neill saw 
the flash in his son's eyes; he saw the sullenness of the clan. 
" Shane shall be my heir," said he at last, after a great deal 
of persuasion. 

Matthew asked assistance from England, and he got it imme- 
diately, for the foreigners liked the excuse to put the family 
of O'Neill to worrying each other. Word was sent at once to 
Conn O'Neill in order to get satisfaction out of him for 
displacing Matthew, but he would not go back on his promise to 
Shane, and he was thrown into prison in Dublin. 



Shane the Proud started up and called to his people to rise 
out and release his father. Nothing pleased the English better. 
An army was sent northward to Ulster to bring this foolish 
young man to discipline, but he came upon them suddenly from 
the West and rushed right through them, and they were knock- 
ing the heels off each other in flying from him. Another army 
was prepared the next year (1552), but Shane drove it before 
him like a flock of goats. There was a man opposing the 
English this time. They released Conn O'Neill in order to 
make peace, but it was little good. Shane the Proud had 
tasted blood. 

*' Somebody must check this proud, arrogant man," said the 
Lord Deputy from England, and he put in order and pre- 
pared a strong body of men. Their visit to the North was in 
vain, for Shane used to meet them in a place where they did 
not expect him ; he used to startle them and inflict damage on 
them, and he would go off bold and domineering. 

Matthew gathered together a body of the clan, for some of 
them continued under his flag, and he started to help the 
foreigners, but Shane stole upon them in the middle of the' 
night, and he routed Matthew speedily. " Let us build a 

3850 SeagAn An "OiomAip. 

1oflAT> 6 Salvia; t -oo Coipig i t)o gteAp pe ptoigeAC-o tAi-oip; 
t)i a gcuAipo 6 tuAit> 1 n-Aip-oeAp mAp ■do buAiteAO SeAjAti teo 
'fA n-Aic nAC pAib coinne teip, bAineAt) pe geic ApT>A, bAineAo 
pe 56 ApT>A, t 'bpuioeA'6 pe teip 50 "oAn, mioCuibeApAC. 

t)Aitig tTlACu "opeAm *oe'n cpeib, mAp "00 teAn cuit> aca pA 
r\A bpAC-pAn, -j t>o gtuAip -pe Cum cA^fugAt) teip ha 5^^ iG j ^^c 
■o'eAtuig SeAjAn 'nA tpeo 1 tAp ha b-oi-bCe -| t>o Cip p£ An ITIacu 
350 CApAiT). " "OeAnpAm "OAingeAn 1 mt)eAtpeippoe Cum a 
pmACcuigce," A"oeip An pioipe thttiAm UpAbApon. £)pip SeAgAn 
ipceAC optA mp An "otin neAm-CpioCnmgte u-o -j "oo mitt pe a 
bpupmop. t)pip P^ ^P Ar| gcumA gceA-onA ipceAC aj\ "OpeAm eite 
•oo luce congAncA OpAbApon coif *Ooipe -\ •oo pj;Aip pe iat>; 
tliop o'longnAO gun tAinig eAglA ah nA SApAnACAib ^ ^up pgein- 
neAOAp teo An n-Aip 50 t>Aite-AtA-ctiAt. 

t,eigeA"0 "oo a^. peA"o Ceitpe mbtiAOAn 'nA "oiai-O puo (1554-8),' 
aCc ni pAib Aon ponn puAitftnip An SeAgAn An "OiomAip. Cuimnig 
pe gun te n-A pmnpeAp cuige 13tAO. t)io"0 An tAm tAioip 1 
n-uA6oAin, Aoeip pe teip pern. OCa-O pe piaCcauaC An nA CAoipig 
e*te geitteAO t>6. T)A mbeAt) pe Com 5L1C te ti-Aot Tleitt 00 
•oeAnjrA'6 pe ceAngAt •] cAnA^Af teip nA CAOipeACAib bopbA ut> 
1 n-ionAO "oo Cup -o'piACAib ontA geitteAt) "Oo. 

"OubAinc O RiAgAttAig, lAntA nuAO Opepim, teip nAC geittpeA"6 
pe pern 1 n-Aon Con "oo, aCc teirn An -peAn ceinncedc tpio, *| 00 
b'eijeAn r>o rhAC 13 f RiAgAttAig beic urhAt t)o peApoA. Tliop 
mAp pin "oe "OomnAitt 1 "oUip ConAitt. Hi mo 'nA geitt An 
CtAnn "OomnAitt 6 ^StbAinn o'^icig nA gteAnncA coip pAippje 1 
n-Aoncpuim, aCc tug SeAgAn AgAit) optA 50 teip ioip $Aeoit ■) 
gAitt. Pliop eipig teip 50 mAit inp An lAppACc 00 gnit) pe Cum 
ctAnnA cpuAOA Op ConAitt no CAbAipc pA nA piAgAit, mAp ppeAb 
CAtbAC "OomnAitt 1 gAn piop Aip 'nA CAbAn ipe oi'bCe A5 t)Aite- 
AgAio-CAom -j bA beAg nAp mitt pC SeAgAn. T)o tuic a tAn o'a 
Cuio yeA^. mp An puAgAO obAnn uo, •) x>o CAitt pC Aipm -j cApAitt/ 
1 'nA meAps a eAC ciopoub pdn. "Oo b'C An c-eAC C05AIO Oo 
An CApAtt bA bpeAg-OA 1 n-6ipmn. TTlAC-An-'piotAip "oo cu^Caoi 
mpte. "puAip SeAgAn a\\ n-Aip Apip i. tliop Cuip An bAC uo 
cops AbpAT> teip An bpeAp gcumApAC noAn. 

"Oo tuic TTIacu 1 ngpAp^Ap 615m te cuto oe tfiumap SeAgAiti 
inp An mbtiAOAin 1558, -j 00 gmo ua SApAnAig lAppACc a\^ axi 
5coip x»o Cup 1 teit SeAgAin pein aCc "oubAipc pC nAC pAib aoh 
Oaiuc Aige te bAp ttlACu -j go gcAitpioip beit pApcA teip An 
bppeASpA pom. puAip Conn lleitt bAp Ap An mbtiAOAin no bi 
CusAinn. " Ua An botAp peit) -oo SeAgAn Anoip," A"oein All 
cneib ; *' ni beio lAptA mAp CeAnn opAinn a tuitteAt)." 

Shane the Proud. 3851 

stronghold in Belfast to keep him in order," said the Knight, 
Sir William Brabazon. Shane broke in upon them in the 
unfinished fort, and destroyed most of them. He broke in, 
in the same way, upon another body of Brabazon's party near 
Derry, and scattered them. It was no wonder that fear fell 
upon the English, and that they fled back to Dublin. 

They let him alone for four years after that (1554-8), but 
Shane the Proud had no desire for peace. He remembered that 
Ulster had belonged to his ancestors. Let the strong hand be 
uppermost, said he to himself. It would be necessary for the 
other chiefs to submit to him. If he had been as clever as 
Hugh O'Neill, he would have made bonds and friendship with 
those haughty chiefs instead of forcing them to yield to him. 

O'Reilly, the new Earl of Breffny, said to him that he would 
not submit to him in any case; but the fiery man leaped 
through him (i.e., through his forces), and O'Reilly was obliged 
to be humble towards him for the future. It was not so with 
O'Donnell in Tir-Conaill, nor did the Clan Donal from Scot- 
land yield, who inhabited the glens by the sea in Antrim ; but 
Shane turned his face against them all, both Gaels and 
foreigners. He did not succeed very well in the attempt he 
made to bring the sturdy children of Tir-Conaill under his 
rule, for Calvach O'Donnell sprang upon him secretly in his 
tent at night at Balleegan (on Loch Swilly), and he nearly 
destroyed Shane. A great many of his men fell in that sudden 
rout, and he lost arms and horses, and among them his own 
coal-black steed. That charger was the finest horse in Ireland. 
They called him the Son of the Eagle. Shane got him back 
again. That check did not long hinder so powerful and in- 
trepid a man. 

Matthew fell in some brawl with a few of Shane's people in 
the year 1558, and the English tried to attribute the crime to 
Shane himself ; but he said he had nothing to do with Matthew's 
death, and that they would have to be satisfied with that 
answer. Conn O'Neill died the following year (1559). 

" The road is clear for Shane now," said the clan; " we will 
have no earl for a head over us any more." 



Out with you to th- top of Tullahogue, Shane the Proud! 
The royal flagstone is there, waiting for you to plant your right 
foot upon it, as your ancestors the Kings did before you ! And 

3852 SeAgAn An THomAifj 

CAib; 5: 

6 n£itt tHAt)j 

AmAc tear A\y bAfn UutAijbij;, a SeAgAin An "OiomAif ! U<X 
An teAc nio§ACT)A Ann Ag feiteAm leAc let)' Coif "oeif "oo buAlAt) 
wnte niAn jni-oeAt) t>o fmn-peAn nijte nomAC ! -Aguf ■do 
feAfAirh SeAgAn O Tleilt An tJulACos, Agur -oo fineA-6 ftAC bAn 
•oineAC Cuige mAn CorhAntA cotf Aim cine t>'& cneib ; buAiteAft 
ctocA gneafOA An a ftmneAnAib cumAf aCa *j cAfcoAnn An a CeAnn: 
CAiteAt) ftipei"o a coire fiAn CAn a guAlAinm CAf a"6 mite cIato- 
eAtfi of cionn ceAnn -j 'ouifigeA'b mAC aIIa ha gceAnncAn le 
fUAim-glbn mile fgofnAC — " Tleilt Abu ! go mAinit) An bflAit 
a togA ! ' "Oo cAicmm An gniAn An CeAnnAigce "OAtAmAil, tuif- 
neAmAit Ui tleilt, -\ "oo Cuin com rhonA An iaIIaio AtfiAfcnAC AfOA 
fe mAf CuAlA-OAn uAlfAncAig An mAccine 'fA Com •) 561m nA 
ti-eilice An An genoe 

" *Oo b'onbinige Horn beic Am' ' 6 Tleilt UlAt> ' 'nA Am' ni An 
SpAmn," AffA Aot) Uin 66gAm caihaII niAit 'nA "oiato fu 1 ©; 
s - 1f mo le b-UtcAig An A\nm ■ Tleilt' 'nA •' CAef An ' te 
tloriiAnAig," Aff An f5fiofo6if Mountjoy. 


CAib. 6 j 

- Tye&ntm&t&iR tAi*05 •oOrfw-AU,;" 

CAitteA* TYlAine, bAinniogAin SAfAiiA fA'n Am fo, ^ bi etif 
a nA n-ionA"o. T)o b' i An beAn mi-bAnAiriAil feo An Cfoi"6e CtoiCe 
1 nA fjAfCACA pfAif An beAn bA mo inncteACc te n-A linn. *Oo 
Cnom fi fein -\ a niAgAlcAf lAitneAC An Cun ifceAC An 6eAgAn: 
Sydney "oo b'Ainm *o'A feAn-ionAT> i n-6inmn: £luAif fe 6 tuAi"6 
50 T)un , oeAl5Ain -j Cuin fogfA Cum SeAgAin ceACc 'nA gAon: 
Tlion tei5 SeAgAn Ain j;un CuaIai-o fe An fbjnA aCc cuin fe 
ctnfeAt) Cum Sydney ceACc Cum a tige 7 beit 'ua AtAin bAifcit>e 
•o'A mAc 05. fliof "biulCAig An feAf-ionA'o T>6 -| "oo feAfAim fe 
teif An mAC: " CAim-fe Am' TleHl 1 n-UtA* te coil nA Cfeibe 
feo," AffA SeAgAn. " Hi teAfouigeAnn UAim comfAC le SAfAnA 
uia leigteAf -oom, aCc mA cuinteAn ofm, biot) ofAib fCin." £>i 
Sydney fAfCA teif fin t bi fiotCAin An feA* CAniAitl 1 n-tJl^-d 

Shane the Proud, 3853 

Shane O'Neill stood on Tullahogue, and a straight, white wand 
was handed to him as a symbol of his true balance of justice to 
his clan; an embroidered cloak was put over his powerful 
shoulders, and a helmet on his head. His shoe was thrown 
behind him over his shoulder. A thousand swords were waved 
overhead, and the echoes of the whole district were awakened 
with the sound of voices from a thousand throats — " O'Neill 
for ever! May our Prince live to enjoy his election!" The 
sun shone on the handsome, bright features of O'Neill, and the 
great hounds in their leashes bayed as if they ^eard the howl 
of the wolf in the forest and the cry of the fawn on the hill. 

" I would think it a greater honour to be ' O'Neill of Ulster ' 
than to be King of Spain," said Hugh of Tir-Eoghain a good 
while after. " The name ' O'Neill ' is greater in the eyes of 
Ulstermen than ' Caesar ' was to the Romans," said the exter- 
minator Mount joy. 



Mary, Queen of England, died about this time, and Elizabeth 
was Queen in her stead. This unwomanly woman, with the 
heart of stone and the bowels of brass, was the cleverest woman 
of her time. She and her Government began at once to inter- 
fere with Shane. Sydney was the name of her Deputy in Ire- 
land. He proceeded northwards to Dundalk, and sent notice 
to Shane to come to him. Shane did not pretend to have 
heard the notice, but he sent an invitation to Sydney to come 
to his house and be godfather to his infant son. The Deputy 
did not refuse him, and he stood for his son. "I am O'Neill 
of Ulster by the will of this clan," said Shane. " I do not 
want any fighting with England if I am let alone, but if they 
provoke me, let them take the consequences." Sydney was 
satisfied with that, and there was peace in Ulster for awhile, 
until Sussex came as Deputy to Ireland. " I shall have no 
peace," said he, " till O'Neill is overthrown," and he prepared 
and fitted out an army for the purpose. This Sussex was a 
false, cruel, cunning man, but he was not so clear-headed as 
Sydney. Calvach O'Donnell assisted him, and also the 
Scottish O'Donnells in Antrim. Shane the Proud complained 
that they were annoying him without cause. His province 
was prospering in wealth and well-doing. Let a messenger 
come from Elizabeth and he would see. Elizabeth took no 

3854 SeAgAn an "OiomAifS 

gun tAims Sussex 'nA peAn-ionA"o 50 h-6inmn: " tti b6At> Am 8 
fuAimneAp," A-oein p£, " 50 mt>eit> 6 neat pA Coif," -j "oo gteAp 
■j x»o coinig ptuAg te ti-^jAit) An gnotA: "F eA P peAttCAc, bonb, 
5L1C, "oo b'eAt) Sussex po aCc nf nAib p£ torn 3£An-inncmeAC te 
Sydney; "Do CAbnuig CAtbAt "ObmnAitt teip, *j mAn An 
5c£A , onA ctann "OomnAitt nA bAtbAnn, 1 nAoncnuim: X)o 
geApAn SeAgAn-An-TMomaip 30 ^AOtA^ A3 cup. Ain jAn Ctfifj t)i 
a Cuige A5 "0111 Cum cirni 1 mAoin -] 1 mAiteAp. Ca3A"6 ceAtCAipe 
Btipe "j peAdAt) pe? lliop. cuin 6tip puim 'nA £uto cAince aCc 
teis -pi t>'a peAn-iouAt) stUAipeACC Cuato 50 n-^dfo-tTlACA inf 
An mt>LiAt>Ain 1561; 

ppeAb SeAgAn 50 b-obAnn ipceAC 50 Uin ConAitt put a paib 
comne teip -| "oo psiob p£ teip peAn CAtbAC "OorimAitt i a beAn 
65, An beAn ut> "©'pAs An pmAt An a Ainm: "Oo cuip An cteAp 
co^Ait) obAnn pom meAnbfcAtt An nA Uin ConAittig -j "oo tocuip 
Sussex a CeAnn te CAngcAn: Cap SeAgAti 6 "6eAp -pA mAn -oo 
beA*o p& An ci lApp^itc t>o tAbAipc pA t)Aite-AtA-CtiAt: t)i TTIac- 
An-potAin pA "j niop b'lonncAoib SeAgAn An mum An eic pm An 
CeAnn -opeAtnA T>ip3ipeAC t>' UtCACAib; tlion CU15 Sussex cat* 6 
An puA-OAp -oo bi y:A SeAjAn: £A •oeipeAt) -oo pitit) p£ 50 pAib 
SeAgAn 'ua gtAice Aige -] "oo beApctng pC mmt "do; T)o 'bnui'o 
p£ mite peAn ipceAC 50 Uin ecgAin A3 cneACA -j A3 copsAinc, *j 
•o' pAn pe p£m coip Aifvo-ITIACA A3 peiteAm te SeAgAn. t)Aiti3 
An mite peAn ua c£at)za bA "oiibA, ua cAoipig bAnA, -| ua CApAittj 
1 no 5tuAipeAT)An An n-Aip 30 buACAc: " ££aC ITlAc-An-potAip," 
AnpA "oume 615m, " cA SeAgAn An TMomAip Cu3Aib ! " 11i pAib 
te SeAgAn An An tAtAin u-o aCc ceAT) 1 pide mAncAt 1 t)A c6At) 
coipi-bte, aCc 3Aip3i"6i5 btopsbeimeACA "oo b'eAt> ia-o: t)i cmn 
1 copA 'nA scAnnAnAib An [au mAtAine ut) pA ceAnn uAine An 
Ctois, -j au puigteAt beA3 cneACTDA, pcotttA, A3 psemneA* 30 
b-dn'omACA, ua biAitib pAObnACA "o'A n-5eAnpA"6 ■) td'a n-eipteAC, •} 
An 3Ain-CAtA uAmnAC ti-o — " 'LAm T»eAn3 Abu ! " 'ua jctuApAib.* 
mnre^nn Sussex pern te cnAt> cnonie An |\Aon-mA"bmA "oo 
cuineAt) Ain. — " 11i ]\mV) p6 1 nupneAd Aon 6ineAnnAig niAm pop 
peApAtn Am' AgATb-pe, aCc peAO m-oiu 6 Pieitt peo -j sau Ai3e aCc 
a teAt n-oineA*o peAn tiom, A3 bptiCcA* ipceAt An mo Apm bneAg 
An mACAine nei"6 teAtAn: T)o gui-bprnn Cum T)e pAitt "o'pAgAit Ain 
'nA teiteix* x»'aic 5au coitt 1 nsioppACc cni mite "66 te p3At "oo 
tAb^inc "o'A cint) peAn; 111 o nAine e, "o'pobAip nA pAspA* p£ 
Aicit) -oom' Anm beo 1 n-UAin An Ctoi3, i ip beA3 nAn pcpAC peine 
pern i au eui"o eite AtnAC teip a^ "OAmseAn Aip"omACA." 

tli CnompA* Sussex An &$ eogAin ■oo eneACAt) 30 p6it Aftfp* 
Cuip An bnipteAC ii-o p5AnnnAt> optA 1 tun-oum ■] "o'lAnn etip Af^ 

Shane the Proud. 3855 

notice of what he said, but she allowed her Deputy to go north 
to Armagh in the year 1561. 

Shane rushed suddenly into Tir-Conaill before they expected 
him, and he carried off old Calvach O'Donnell and his young 
wife — that woman who left the stain on his name. This sudden 
feat of arms dismayed the Tir-Conaill men, and Sussex 
scratched his head with vexation. Shane turned southward, 
as if he were about to make an attack on Dublin. The " Son 
of the Eagle " was under him., and Shane was not to be 
trusted on the back of that horse at the head of an active body 
of Ulstermen. Sussex did not know how great was the 
energetic force of Shane. At last he thought he had Shane m 
his grip, and he laid a trap for him. He sent a thousand men 
into Tir-Eoghain to plunder and ravage, and he himself 
remained near Armagh waiting for Shane. The thousand men 
collected hundreds of black cows, of white sheep, and horses, 
and they were returning, much elated. " See the ' Son of the 
Eagle ' ! " said one of them; " Shane the Proud is upon us ! " 
Shane had only a hundred and twenty horsemen and two 
hundred foot in the place, but they were warriors who dealt 
loud-resounding blows. Heads and feet were in heaps upon 
that field at the end of an hour, and the little remnant, 
wounded and torn, were flying to Armagh, the keen-edged axes 
cutting and slaughtering them, and that terrifying war-cry, 
"tAtii -oe^s At>u !" in their ears. Sussex himself tells with 
sorrow of heart the utter rout that was inflicted on him*: — 
" No Irishman ever before had the courage to stand against 
me; but see this O'Neill to-day, and he having only half as 
many men as I, bursting in upon my fine army on a smooth, 
wide plain. I would pray to God to get a chance at him in 
such a place, without a wood within three miles of him to 
give shelter to his men. My shame ! He was like not to have 
left a creature of my army alive in one hour, and it wanted 
little but he would have dragged me and the rest out of the 
fortress of Armagh." 

Sussex would not attempt to plunder Tir-Eoghain again for 
awhile. That defeat terrified them in London, and Elizabeth 
asked the Earl of Kildare, a relative of Shane the Proud, to 
make peace. She sent a message of pardon to Shane, and an 
invitation to come to London to speak with her. " I will not 
stir a foot," said Shane, " till the English army takes the road 
out of Ulster." " Be it so," said Elizabeth. 

* In all cases where quotations from English writers have bee u translated into Triah 
by CoriAn tnaot, such quotations have been re-translated into English, and there- 
fore differ slightly in form, though, not in sense, from the English originals.-- -Ed. 

3856 Se^gAn An "OiomAif: 

lAftA CitteT>AfA, bfAtAif SeAgAin An "OiomAif, fibtc<Sm -do 
■oeAnAt). Cuif fi ceACtAifeAcc mAiteAtfinAif cum SeAgAin -j 
cuineA* cuige ceACC 50 t,un N oum te tAbAifc tei. " Hi Coff <3ca"o 
cor," ADein SeAgAn, " 50 •ocugAi'd Afm SAfAnA a mbotAf oftA 
Af "UIa-6." " tDio* mAf fin," AT>ubAifc etif; 

tluAin •oo rheAt Sussex CeAp re a cle^f f eilt ■oo Cuf 1 bf eittm: 
Ua a fgnibinn fern cum eiife mAf fiA'onAife Af. An bfeAtt. 1 
mi nA tujnAfA 1561, fgfiobAnn f£ turn nA bAinfio$n,A fin guf 
CAifig fe tUAt ceAt) mAfc 'fA mbliA'OAin x>e tAtAm x>o HiAtt 
tiAt, mAOfcije "Ui tleilt, Af comgeAlt 50 muifbeocA-O f£ An 
ftAit fm. " "Oo mumeAf x>6 cionnuf •o'eAtocA'6 fe teif CAf eif 
nA beAfCA," A"oeif fe. fli fiof 'ouinn An fAib tliatL LiAt 
■oAififib, acc gibe fgeAt e ni CtoifceAf guf suit) fe,iAffAtc Af 
SeAgAn "oo "OunmAfbugA-O. 

CAibj It 

seA$An-An-T>fomAis 1 turmtnri: 

ttmne lAflA Citte-OAfA fiotCAm roif tleitt 7 SAfAtiA, mAf 
bA mof te b-0 fleitt e,ji "00 feotA"OAf AfAon Anonn 50 tun"ouin 
1 n^oeifeA-t) nA btiAt>nA, -| gAfOA gAttogtAt 1 n-emfeAtc teo. 

"OubAftAf te SeAgAn nAC bfHtfeA-o f£ Af Aif 50 T>eo, coifs 
50 fAib An cuaj 1 An ceAp 'nA ComAif A5 etif, acc bi mumijin 
AigefeAn Af a teAngA tiomtA 7 bi "0616 Aige nAf rheAt f6 fiArii 
t n-Aon cuifiAngAC. 

t)eAn uaUac -oo b'eA-o 6tif: t)i fi "OAtAmAit, SfUAi^ fUA-6 
uifte, -| futA stAfA aici, An c-eA-OAC bA bfeAj-bA 7 bA "OAoife te 
fA$Ait uifte, 7 An lomA-o -oe aici te b-i fein -oo Cofu$At> 50 
mime 'fA to. peACOs •oo b'eAt) i te feACAinc uifte, Ate bi 
Cfoit>e An V>eAt&-t)A\-s aUca, s^n cfUAg, $An cfUAjmea aici, 7 
inncm 7 Aijne CAf mnAib An -oomAin. " An tAbAftAif t)6AftA 
cuici ? " AffA -oume eigin te SeAgAn. " t1i tAbof at> 50 -oeimin," 
&\\ feifeAn, " mAf teonfAt) An ceAn5A "ouAifC jjfAnnA fom mo 
CoffAm." "bi "PfAincif 7 SpAmif 7 tAiT>eAnn Ag SeAjAn 1 
•oceAnncA a teAn^A binn btAfOA f£m. t>eAn ceAngACA -oo b'eA* 
etif teif, -j -oubAntAf suf fAfuig SeAgAn \a bff Aincif i 7 5 U P 
eici$ fi comfAt) teif 'fA ceAngA fom; 


Shane the Proud. 3857 

When Sussex had failed, he thought he would put his cunning 
in treachery to account. His own letter to Elizabeth exists as 
a witness to the treachery. In the month of August, 1561, he 
writes to that Queen that he had offered land to the value of a 
hundred marks a year to Grey Niall, O'Neill's house-steward, 
on condition that he should kill that prince. " I showed him 
how he should escape after the act," said he. We do not know 
whether Grey Niall was in earnest, but in any case we do not 
hear that he made any attempt to murder Shane. 



The Earl of Kildare made peace between O'Neill and 
England, for O'Neill had a great regard for him, and they both 
traveled over to London at the end of the year, taking a guard 
of gallowglasses with them. 

It was said to Shane that he would never come back, because 
Elizabeth had the axe and the block in readiness for him ; but 
he had confidence in his own keen and ready tongue, and he 
thought that he had never failed in any difficulty. 

Elizabeth was a vain woman. She was handsome ; she had 
red hair and gray eyes, and she wore the most beautiful and the 
most expensive clothes, and she had more than enough of them 
to decorate herself many times in the day. She was like a 
peacock to look at; but she had the heart of a wild beast, 
without pity or compassion, and more intellect and mind than 
any other woman in the world. " Will you speak English to 
her," said somebody to Shane. "Indeed I will not," said he; 
" for that rugged, ugly language would sprain my jaw." 
Shane had French and Spanish and Latin as well as his own 
sweet musical tongue. Elizabeth was a linguist too, and it is 
said that Shane outdid her in French, and that she refused 
to converse with him in that language. 

On Little Christmas Day, in the year 1562, he walked into the 
royal room of Elizabeth. There were valiant men of six feet 
and more around her, especially young Herbert; but it was 
seen at once that they were but insignificant men beside Shane 
the Proud. English history gives an account of his visit and 
of his appearance. " He had a yellowish-red mantle of fine 
material flowing down behind him to the ground, and light red 
hair, crisp and curly, falling over his shoulders to the middle 
of his back ; he had wild gray eyes that looked out at you as 

Irish Lit. Vol. io-H 

3858 Seagan .an "Oiomaifs 

la tl 01)1.45 beag inf an mbtia'bam 1562 t)o buait fe 1-pce.AC 
50 feOmfa fiogaCoa £tif. t)i fif catma fe Cfoigce ~\ tiiof mo 
na cui-oeacca, 50 moji mOf Herbert 05, ace Connacacaf 
tAitfeaC nAC faib lonnca ace fpfeafAin 1 n-aice SeAgain-an- 
"Oiomaif; Uugann fcAif na SafanaC ciinctif af a Cuainc -) af A 
Cfut. " t)i fatttiing buifje-'beafs x>o "beanmuf -Oaof af fitea-0 
fiaf fiof 50 catam teif, -\ Sfuaig fionn-fuat) 50 cfipmeaC, cam- 
affaC caf a ftmneAnaib fiof 50 taf a "Of otiu, f uta gtafa fia-Oame 
aige o'feaC amac Ofc corn tonnfaC te gaC jrveine ; cofp 
ftnnnce tutmaf aij;e -| ceann-aigte "oAn." t)i na ceaoca ag 
laffait) na-oaifc o'fAgait aif fern •] aji a gattO;gtaca; "Oeif a 
cuAirvifS 50 fabaoaf fo ceann-tomnoCca, poitc fionna ofta, 
t6mceaCa ttiifig mtnneAt 50 j;tun onta, cfoiceann maccife 
can guaitnib ^aC pin aca, 1 jjeAff-cuag caCa 1 tAim gaC aon aca. 
tlion b' lonncaoio -peang do Cun an a teiceioio fiuo. lp -oeatt- 
nacac 50 naoa^oan 1 mbfuigm ^fomaca: " tlmatuigit) ! " anpa 
Seagan "oe gut gtbfaC 1 ni faib an focat ar a be\at nuain 00 
bi na gattogtaig an a teat-gtiiin. Scat) fe 1 scOn'i^an *oo'n 
Cacaoin fiogaCoa man a naib etif, aguf i eaDingte an nOf 
peacOige, -oo Cf om pe a Ceann, "oo Onom fe a gtun, -| "oo feapaim 
fe annpoin C6m "oifeaC te gAinne. T)' feat fe fein -| etif ioif 
an -oA ftiit af a Ceite. tabaif fi 1 "Laioeann teif -\ x> y ffeagaif 
feifean 1 50 binn-bfiatfaC. "Do mot fe a mOfbaCc -j "outiaifc 
fe sun "Oatt a f^eim "\ a cnuC e, maf ba min i a Cean^a te 
mnaib. tliof tuig f Cut etif niam af a teiCei-o o' peaf 1 b^ binn 
tei e beit '5a bfeajafj; "Oo ceafbam fi -00 1 n-am-oeOin a 
comaifteOifi giif taitn fe tei, 51* 50 faib na cOmainteOini fin 
af cf a cult) fota "oo -OOfcat). 'Oubna'oan teO fem 50 faib 
5feim aca anoif nO flam aif, -\ 5Tb 511 f tu5a"oaf na comgit 136 
na bainfi"0e teif af a tufuf, meafa-oaf, man ba £nacac, an gtaf 
•00 ouata-0 aif. " CAtaoi af ci an Commit -oo bfifeat>," af 
Seajan 50 "o4n. " teigpeaf af n-aif cu uaif eigin," a\^ Cecil 
teif, " acc ni fuit aon Am aifigCe ceaptngte 'f^ comgeatt 
foin ! " " meatta-0 me," affa Seagan teif fem, -j -oo bu^t f6 
ifceaC 50 taXaif etife 1 -o'laff f£ coimifc uifte. ' Hi teOmtaf 
aon bJ,fCamn x>o -Oeanat) •omc," aoeif fi teif , " aCc caitfif 
panamamc a^amn 50 fOit." 11 1 piof cionnuf 00 rheatt SeAgan 
i: t)a mait tei te n-a h-Atf 6, i meafcaf 50 faib fa$af 5f«*i-6 
ammi-Oe aici t)6, l if e lonjnat) saC teigteOfa juf fsaoit fi 
UAite 6 fa t-eifea* af geatt 50 mbeat) f6 umat T»i pern atiiam t 
San bainc '5a feaf-ionao 1 n-£iponn teip. T)eifteaf 50 f^ib 
eagta uip.te teif o'a gcuiftitie 1 gctnDfeaC 6 50 n-oeanpat) 
ftluincif neitt ftait -oe toifOeatbaO Uimeac C Tleitt 'na lon^-o 

Shane the Proud. 3859 

bright as sunbeams; a well-knit, active frame, and haughty 
features." There were hundreds of people trying to get a sight 
of himself and of his gallowglasses. T-his account says that these 
latter were bare-headed, with fair heads of hair, wearing shirts 
of mail from the neck to the knee, each man having a wolf- 
skin across his shoulders and a sharp battle-axe in his hand. 
One would not trust the consequences of provoking the like of 
those fellows. It is probable that they were in the fight at 
Armagh. " Make your obeisance ! " said Shane in a sonorous 
voice, and the word was not out of his mouth when the gallow- 
glasses were on one knee. He stood close to the throne where 
Elizabeth sat, dressed like a peacock; he bent his head, he 
bent his knee, and then he stood up as straight as a rod. He 
and Elizabeth looked at each other between the eyes. She 
spoke to him in Latin, and he answered her in sweet-sounding 
words. He praised her greatness, and he said that her beauty 
and her form dazzled him, for he had a smooth tongue with 
women. Elizabeth's eye had never rested on a man like him, 
and she liked to hear him flattering her. She showed him, 
in spite of her advisers, that he pleased her, though those same 
advisers were ready to shed his blood. They said to themselves 
that they had a grip of him now or never; and although they 
had agreed to the condition that no one should molest him 
on his journey, they thought, as was their custom, to close 
the lock upon him. " Ye intend to break the conditions," said 
Shane boldly. " You will be allowed to go back some time," said 
Cecil to him; "but there is no particular time decided upon in 
that agreement." " They have deceived me," said Shane to 
himself, and he walked into the presence of Elizabeth and 
demanded her protection. " They will not dare to do you any 
injury," said she to him; " but you will have to remain with 
us for a while." There is no knowing how Shane persuaded 
her. She liked him to be about her, and it is supposed that 
she had a kind of animal affection for him, and every reader 
is surprised that she let him go away from her at last on his 
promising that he would obey herself alone, and that her 
Deputy in Ireland should have nothing to do with him. It is 
said that she was afraid also that if he were put in fetters the 
O'Neills would make Turlough Luineach O'Neill prince in his 
stead, and she preferred Shane to him. Sussex was gnawing 
his tongue with rage because they had not taken Shane's head 
from his body in London, and he sent word to Elizabeth that 
it was spread abroad through Ireland that Shane had deceived 
her, great as was her intelligence, and that she had made him 

3860 SeAgAn An "OiomAifj 

■j *oo b'AnnfA tei Se-AjjAn 'n.A eifeAn. t)i Sussex A5 co^Ainc 4 
te.An5.An te buite coifs nA'p bAineA* An ceAnn "oe colAinn 
Se^gAin 1 tun"ouin, -j cuin fe f^eAtA cum etife 50 fAib -pe 
teAtcA A-p put) 6ineAnn gun meAtt SeAjAn i x>'a feAbAf i a 
h-inncteAtc 7 gun jnit) fi fi Af "UtA*& "Oe. "O'lAff re ceAt) uifte 
e rheAttAt) 50 t>Ail.e-AtA-CliAt 1 gcoin gneAniA "o'f^gAit Aif, 
acc bi SeAjAn no-AtfiAnArAC 1 niof $Ab re 1 ngAon "oo t)Aite-.itA- 
CtiAt, 51*0 gun geAtt Sussex a t>einbfiup mAf mnAOi t)o aCC' ceACC 
n's feicpnc; 

CA1b. 8; 

nitli -} ^tnt: 

1nf An mbtiA'bAin 'ua *iAit) fut) (.1. 1563) "oo Cfom Sussex An 
Cup ifceAe An SeijAn -j An uirge r^ tAtAm t>o t>e&r\&t> roin 6 
rem -j etif. T)o CAbfuig reAn-nAriiAroe SeAgAin, ua On- 
ConAittig -| -AtbAUAig Aoncpuim, te Sussex, -j "oo gtuAif reifeAn 
6 tuAi"6 50 n-tltA* mr An .AbfAii 1563, Ate mA gtuAif "do jnii!) 
Se^jAn liAtnoit) coire t>e p6m 7 "o'a ftuAg, -| bi Sussex An- 
bui*eAC 50 pAib f6 'ua CuniAr ceiCeAt) te n'AUAm. Sgniob etif 
Cum Sussex fiotCAin -oo T>eAnAt> te Se^gAn, mAn n.AC fAib Aon 
rhAit "oo beit teip. 

"Oo gnit> Sussex nut) An etif, i An An Am gceATinA Cuip re 
reinin fiottAiiA Cum SeAgAin — uAtAC rionA meAfguigte te mm: 
"O'ot SeAgAn 7 a tinn-cige cuit> T>e'n fion 7 "o'fobAin 50 mbeA"d 
f6 'ua pteift. t)i fe Ag cbmpAC teif An mbAf Af feA"6 t>& t^,- 
-) nuAif "oo tAinig fe Cuige rein niof b'longnA* 50 fAib f6 Af 
•oeAns-tAfA-o te feipg t guf gteAf fe a burbeAn turn cogAib; 
teig etif uipte 50 fAib fi Af buite 1 *ocAob An feitt-beAfC u"o 
*I "oo geAtt fi 30 "ocAbAnrA-6 ri ceApc T)6 aCc a fuAimneAf "00 
gtACA*. "Oo gtAO-bAib fi AbAite Af Sussex, teig fi uipte guf 
mAf f^fAiti x>o SeAgAn e, aCc "oo b'e An euif -oo bi aici Af Sussex 
gup meAt fe. TDo fnAit)m fi fioteAm -] CAfA-OAf mAf "b'eA-b te 
SeAjAn Afif, -| bi fe 'ua fig "OAipinib Af tUAt) Anoif 7 teigeA* 
■06. x^ec mAf fin fem bi a fuAt T>o'n $Att Com geAf 7 t>i r 6 
fiAm. T)'a CotriAf tA foin Cum fe CAipteAn Af bfUAC IoCa n-etAC; 

PeAf CAgAfCA "OO b'eAt) e 7 CeAp fC gUf fte&S Af UA SAfAUAlg 

fA-bApc An CAifteAin fin 7 x>o bAirc fe Aif " "fuAt ua n^^^t. 
"DeifteAf guf ceAp fe An uAif feo fiojAtc ua b-6ipeAnn "oo 

Shane the Proud. 3861 

King over Ulster. He asked her permission to decoy Shane 
to Dublin in order to get a grip of him; but Shane was too 
suspicious, and he did not go near Dublin, although Sussex 
promised him his sister for a wife if he only went to see her. 



In the year after that (1563) Sussex began to interfere with 
Shane, and to make mischief between him and Elizabeth. 
Shane's old enemies, the Tir-Conaill men and the Scots of 
Antrim, assisted Sussex, and the latter went north to Ulster 
in the April of 1563 ; but if he did go, Shane made a football 
of himself and his army, and Sussex was very thankful that 
he was able to fly with his life. Elizabeth wrote to Sussex 
to make peace with Shane, for it was no use for him to be 
attacking him. 

Sussex did as Elizabeth bade him, and at the same time he 
sent a gift of peace to Shane — a cargo of wine mixed with 
poison. Shane and his household drank some of the wine, and 
he was like to have become a corpse. He was fighting with 
death for two days, and when he recovered it was not surprising 
that he was in a red flame of rage, and that he prepared his 
troop for war. Elizabeth pretended that she was furious about 
this act of treachery, and she promised that she would give 
him satisfaction if he would only keep quiet. She recalled 
Sussex. She pretended it was to satisfy Shane, but the cause 
of complaint that she had against Sussex was that he had 
failed. She tied the bonds of (pretended) peace and friendship 
with Shane again, and he was really King over Ulster now, 
and they let him alone. But for all that his hatred of the 
stranger was as keen as ever. As a sign of it he built a 
castle on the shore of Lough Neagh. He was a wittily-spoken 
man, and he thought that the English would not enjoy the 
sight of that castle, and he christened it " The Hate of the 
Strangers." It is said that he thought at that time of taking 
to himself the kingdom of Ireland, and of clearing the English 
out of it. But the Irish did not help him. He wrote to the 
King of France to ask help from him. " If you lend me 
eix thousand men," he said, " I will drive the English out of 
this country into the sea." He could have got ten times as 
many as that in Ireland itself if they had been willing to rise 
with him, but they did not stir a foot. 

3862 SeA$An An "OiomAif. 

£Ab.iit finite fein, -J ha SAfAnAig "oo £tAnAt> AniAb Aifoe; Ace 
niof CAbfin$ n-A h-6ifeAnnAi§ teif. T)o fSfiob f 6 cu ™ 1^1$ ti-A 
■pfAin e a$ lAffAi-b cotijnAini Aif. " 111a CugAnn cu «om fe 
tfiite feAf Af lAfAbc," aj\ feifeAn, " aotnAinpeA-o riA SAfAtiAig 
Af ati -ocif feo ifceAb 'fA bfAiff^e." T)o geobA-b fe a "beiC 
n-oifeAt) fom i n-6ifinn fein *o'a tnb'Ail teb eif$e leif, acc niof 

COffUlgeA'OAf COf. 

CAib: 9. 

t^rh T)e^n5 At>tf \ 

ITkmA scAbftiigi-b £hfe lmn, niAf fin fern CAitfeAtn "out Af, 
A$Ai"b. t)i An CtAnn "OomnAitl feo 1 nAoncftnni 6 UAin 50 
ti-UAi|\ A5 CADf-ugA-O leif nA SAfAnAi$: AnfiAfAnnA t)o b'eA-b nA 
fif CAtniA u"o. £rAn5AT)Af 6 AlbAm Af cuifeA-o Cumn Hi fleitt 
■j a AtAn, i "oo cuineAt)An ftiCA 1 n-.A0ncf.u1m 7 1 nT)AtfiA"OA. 11 i 
f,Aib Se.<S$An f^fCA 'nA Ai^ne fAT> "oo bicoAf 'fA C1 Y- "Oo $em- 
eAt)Af "oo 7 "oo CAbfui$eA'OAf teif Aon UAif Allium, acc ni fAiO 
Aon lonncAoib Ai^e AfOA: "OubfA-OAf teif nAb fAib Aon fniACC 
Aije oftA, -j nAC fAib fe niAccAnAc oftA CAbfu$A"b teif, acc te 
n-A "ocoil fein. T)o §fiofAi*> bAinfio§Ain eiif iao 1 ^An fnof. 
" SeA*b mA'f eA-b," A-oeif SeA^An leo, " gfeA-oAi-b lib AbAite. 
ni fruit Aon £nb A^Amf a "bib f eAf -da." Acc t>o cinf ha 
ti-AtbAnAi$ cots oftA fem 7 tuibfA-OAf teif 50 bfAnfAtnnf niAf 
a f Aib aca 5AT1 fpfeA'bAbAf x>6 f oin: " T)o buA-bniAf Af •o'ACAif- 
fe beAnA 7 Af Sussex 'tra ceAimcA," A*oeif nA n-AtbAnAi$ "o^nA. 

T)o leAC SeA$An-An-T)ioniAif a CofA A]\ tilAc-An-potAif, 
bAitig fe a ftuAigce amceAtl Aif 7 -oo bfif fe ifceAb 50 
h-Aoncf 1.11111 a\\ nbf ctnnne fAiffge; V_)uaiI nA ti-AtbAnAig leif 1 
n^teAnnCAife 'nA nT>feAmAib n-oifjif eAbA -j tdo feAffA-b cac 
pmlceAt eAcoftA. Ua feAn-bbtAf t>ia tuAf "oe'n bAile fin t)un- 
AbAnn Dumne, 1 5con"OAe Aoncfuim, "j "oo cuif SeA$An-An-'OioinAif 
a eAb ciofbub, tTlAC-An-piolAif , a\\ cof-m-Aifoe CAf CofpAib 
ALbAnAC. Aim, -\ fA nieA-bon lAe bi ClAnn "ObmnAitt 'nA ffACAib 
fince cimbeAtt Aif. T)o mAfbtngeA-b Annfii-o Aonjiif ttlAC 
T)brimAitt -j feAbc gceAO -o'a Cum feAf, "oo gAbA-b 7 x>o gonAt) 
SeAmuf TTIac T)birinAitt, 7 "oo toj; SeA$An teif SorhAifte "bui^ej 
Ar\ CAOifeAb eite bi oftA. TDo b'feAff "bbib -o'a -ocOgfA-ouif A 

Shane the Proud. 3863 


If Ireland will not help us, still we must go forward. These 
MacDonnells'in Antrim were helping the English from time to 
time. These brave men were mercenary soldiers. They came 
from Scotland on the invitation of Conn O'Neill and of his 
father, and they settled in Antrim and in Dalriada (the present 
counties Antrim and Down). Shane was not easy in his mind 
as long as they were in the country. They submitted to him 
and assisted him once, but he had no confidence in them. They 
told him he had no control over them, and that there was no 
necessity for them to help him except by their own free will. 
Queen Elizabeth used covertly to encourage them. " Very well 
so," said Shane to them. " Get ye away home. I have no 
further business of ye." But the Scotsmen assumed a 
threatening attitude, and they said to him that they would 
stay where they were without dependence on him. " We got 
the better of your father before, and of Sussex besides," said 
the bold Scots. 

Shane the Proud threw his leg over his horse Mac-an-Fhiolar, 
gathered his hosts around him, and broke in upon Antrim like 
a wave of the sea. The Scots met him in Glenshesk, in fierce 
bands, and a bloody battle was waged between them. There is 
an old road behind the village of Cushendun, in County 
Antrim, and Shane the Proud galloped his coal-black horse 
Mac-an-Fhiolar over the bodies of Scotsmen in it, and by the 
middle of the day the MacDonnells were stretched in rows 
around him. Angus MacDonnell and seven hundred of his 
men were killed, James MacDonnell was wounded and taken 
prisoner, and Shane also took Somerled the Sallow (or Sorley 
Boy), the other chief over them. It would have been better 
for them if they had taken his advice and gone off out of his 
way, and it would have been better for himself too, for it was 
the remnant of that company who treacherously killed him 
two years later. 

At this time he was only thirty-eight years of age, and 
there was no man in Ireland of greater reputation and power 
than he. The English pretended to be great friends with him. 
They were very glad at first that he had routed the Clan 
Donnell of Scotland, and they rejoiced with him. Shane 
understood them right well. Not without reason was that 
proverb made : " An Englishman's laugh is a dog's grin " 

3864 SeAgAn An "OiomAif; 

ComAifte 7 sfeA-OAt) teo Af a flige, 7 -do b'feAff r>6 foin teif 
6, mAf T>o b'lAT) puigleAC nA buit>ne ut) -oo rhAi^t) te feAll 6 
£em *6.d btiAtAm 'nA t)iAit> put). 

ni fAio fe An iiAif feo acc occ mbtiA-onA -0645 a? picro 
•o'Aoif, t ni fAib Aon peA|\ 1 n-6inmn bA mo cAil -j cumAcc 'nA 6. 
teig nA SAfAnAig optA 50 nAbAt>Af 50 mof teif. t)i AtAf oftA 
A]\ -ocuif guf mill fe ClAnn "OomnAill 6 -AtbAin 7 -oo gAifeA-oAf 
teif; Ctng Se^gAn 50 "DiAti rhAic iat>. Til gAti pAt ■oo cumAt) 
An reAn-f ocaI ut) — " "Of AnncAn mA-of a gAife SAfAnAig." " 1f 
mAit An fu-o," An fiA"ofAii, " ClAnn "OomnAill -oo beit clAOit>ce 
mAf niof b'fiof t>uinn od b-Am t)o CAbfocA-ouif teif ha 
b-£ifeAnnAig, acc mAn fin pein beit) O tleitt fo-lAi-oif An fAt> 

1f cnuAg nA'f gnit> fe CAfAT)Af te cAoireACAib 6ineAnn An 
ttAif feo. 1 n' ionA"o fom cnom re An a cun -©'piACAib OftA 
geilteAt) -06 gibe olc niAic leb e. " CAitpit) CAoifig ConAtc a 
gcdm btiAt)AncAtfiAiL "oo CAbAinc "oomfA mAf bA gnAtAC teo -do 
figtib tUA-o," An feifeAn. "0'eicig tia ConACCAig e -| pneAb fe 
50 b-obAnn 1 t^tAin tigeAfnA Cloinn UiocAfo, An peAf bA tneire 
1 gConACc, -j mill re 6 gAn puinn •ouato. *Oo cpeAC fe Cin 
ConAill inf An mbUAt>Ain 5ceA"onA (1566), 7 tAimg fgAnnfA-o 
An SAfAnA. X)o SfiofAit) etif lAftA ]TeAfn tTlumeAC, ITlAgurbin 
te b-eifge nA AgAit), acc "oo meileAt> An tTlAjui'bif f a mAf t>o 
nieilpeAt) bno mtntmn "oofn^n coifce. 

[ X)o b'e Sydney bi 'nA .Afoiuifcif Afif Af 6ifinn An uAin u"o 
1 n-ionAT) Sussex, 7 bi AiCne rhAit Aige An SeAjAn. Cuif f6 
ceACcAife niA$AicAif "o'Af b'Amm Stukeley cuige te b-AiteAtfi 
Aif beit |\ei"6. " HA b-eifig awaC 1 tiAgArb v\a SAf atiac "j 
geobAif gibe nit) "oo teAfomgeAnn uaic," An Stukeley. " "DeAn- 
fAf lAnlA tif eojAin "oioc mA'f mAit teAC e." Cuif Se^gAn 
ffAnn Af -j tAbAif f6 50 neAniAtAC. " bfeAgAn if eAf) An 
lAflAtc f om," Af. feifeAn. " "Do jnit)eAbAif lAftA "oe filAc 
CAftAig 1 gcuige tTlutfiAn, 7 za buACAitti Aimpfe 7 fin CApAtt 
AgAmfA aza Corn mAit "o'feAf teif fin. "Oo tfieAfAbAif m6 CfoCAt) 
nuAif "oo bi Sfeim AgAib ofm. tli fuit Aon muinigm AgAm Af 
btif nseAttArhnA. tliof i^f f Af fiotcAin a\\ An mbAinfiogAin Ate 
•o'lAfn fife ofnifA i -j if fibfe fein t)o bfif i; T)o tiomAineAf 
nA SAfAnAig Af An 1ubAif -j Af "OuirofotiiA i ni tei^feAT) -ooib 
ceACC Af n-Aif scoeo. tli teorhfAit) "OorhnAitl beit 'nA ftAit 
Afif Af tJif ConAitt rtiAf if tionifA An Aic fin feAfOA. HA biot) 
Aon ineAfbtAtt ofc guf tiomfA cuige UtAt). t)i mo fmnfeAf 
fomAm 'da nigtib uifte. "Oo buAt)Af i tern' CtAi'oeAtfi 7 tern' 
CtAi-oeAm t>o CoinsbedtAt) i." 

Shane the Proud. 3865 

[i.e., a preparation for biting]. "It is a good thing," said 
they, " that the Clan Donnell are defeated, for we never knew 
when they might help the Irish; but, for all that, O'Neill 
will be too strong altogether now." 

It is a pity he did not make friends with the chieftains of 
Ireland at this time. Instead of that he began to force them 
to submit to him, whether they liked it or not. " The princes of 
Connacht must give me their yearly tribute, as they used to 
give it to the Kings of Ulster," said he. The Connachtmen 
refused, and he rushed suddenly upon the lord of Clan Rickard, 
the strongest man in Connacht, and despoiled him without 
much trouble. He plundered Tir-Conaill in the same year 
(1566), and fear fell upon England. Elizabeth incited 
Maguire, Earl of Fermanagh, to rise against him; but the 
Maguire was crushed as a millstone would crush a handful 
of oats. 

Sydney was Lord Justice (or Deputy) of Ireland again at 
this time in place of Sussex, and he knew Shane well. He 
eent a Government envoy, named Stukely, to him to urge upon 
him that he should keep quiet. " Do not rise out against the 
English, and you shall get whatever you want," said Stukely. 
" They will make you Earl of Tir-Eoghain, if you would like 
that." Shane snorted, and he spoke defiantly. " That earldom 
is a toy," said he. " Ye made an earl of MacCarthy in 
Munster, and I have serving-boys and stable-men that are as 
good men as he. Ye thought to hang me when ye had a grip 
of me. I have no trust in your promises. I did not ask peace 
of the Queen, but she asked i. of me, and it is ye yourselves 
that have broken it. I drove the English out of Newry and 
out of Dundrum, and I will never let them come back. 
O'Donnell will not dare to be prince again in Tir-Conaill, for 
that place is mine henceforward. Let there be no doubt upon 
you that Ulster is mine. My ancestors before me were kings 
over it. I won it with my sword, and with my sword I will 
keep it." 

Though Sydney was a very brave, courageous man, his heart 
was in his mouth when Stukely told him this conversation. 
"If we do not make a great effort Ireland will be gone out 
of our hand. O'Neill owns the whole of Ulster, and he must 
be checked," said Sydney to Elizabeth. " Attack him at once," 
said she. She sent a troop of English over, and Sydney 
collected men from every quarter of Ireland, English and Irish, 
for there was many a chief who assisted him. Some of them 
were sufficiently disinclined for the business; but they had to 

3866 SeJ$ Ar > ati "OioniAip: 

5it> 50 pAib Sydney 'nA feA|\ An-rhiptie.Arh.4it., tpCAn, bi 4 
ipofbe 'nA beAt Aige nuAip -o'lnnip Stukeley "6b ah compA'O poinj 
" ITInnA nt)6AncAp Apt) lAppACc belt) 6ipe imtigte Ap Ap lAim; 
1p te n-0 tleill UiAt) 50 leip -j cAitpeAp 6 cops," Ap Sydney le 
h-6lipe: " t)uAil e lAitpeAC," Ap pipej Do peOl pi "opeAm 
Sapav\a6 AnAtL 7 •oo DAitij Sydney pip Ap sac Aip-o 1 n-6ipmn,- 
SApAnAij 7 6ipeAnnAi§, rrtAp ip lonrbA CAOipeAC do CAbpuig teip; 
"Oo bi cuit) aca teipjeAriiAiL 50 leop Cum An gnotA aCc "oo 
b'eijjeAn t>6id beApcugAt) optA Cum CAbAptA te Sapaua pA mAp 
•00 gnirjit) mT)iu. 

CAcAp CugAc, a SeA$Am-An-'OiomAip, a rhApcAig An eiAittim 
geip, sLCap tTlAc-An-piotAip, *j coipi$ t>o buit>eAn beAj; IaoC. 1H 
puil A5A10 aCc neApc bup gcuipleAnnA pCin, mAp nAC bpuil CAbAip 
'nA consnArii T)ib 6 einneAC tApmuiC: 

An pA-bAit "oo 5oipti"6e Ap CeAnncpAib ua SApAnAC cimCeAlt 
t)AiLe-AtA-CtiAC. "Oo leim SeAgAn ipceAC innce Ap nop coipnige 
"Oo pAOb 7 "o'ApsAm p£ i 50 bAllAit>e £)Aile-AtA-CliAC. Cug p& 
lAppACc pA •OAingeAti nA SApAnAC 1 uDunneAlSAin *| bi bpuijeAn 
Aip Ai^e le Sydney coip An bAile pin. tDiteAp po-iiiAic -oo 
SeAgAn Annput), 7 cuipeAt) Ap gcul e le x>uAt>, aCc -o'lmip p6 
CipieAC Ap pluAjtAib Sydney pul Ap -opui-o pe leip. teAti Sydney 
Ap AjAi-o. "Oo jtuAip pe tp£ Op eojAm, 7 Ap pom 50 Op 
ConAill, 1 n-Ain-oeom SeAjAin, aCc t»o leAn peipeAn j^aC OptAC 
•oe'n cptige £ 7 bA beAg ah puAimneAp "oo £115 pe "Co Ap peA"6 An 
cupuip. 11iop teApbAm pe piAm potn'ie pm cteApA corhpAic niop 
peApp 'nA An uAip peo. t!)i Sydney 7 a ftUA§ lionriiAp cpAit>ce 
cuippeAC 6 pogAtinA obAnnA SeAgAin: T)o "Opuit) p6 1 ngAp "ooib 
lAufi le "Ooipe 1 tug cac -Ooib. t>puijeAn jAps -oo b'eA* i, mAp 
•00 tuic a lAn peAp Ap ^At CAOb, 7 pAmluig SeAjAn 50 pAib An 
buAt) leip, aCc pAipe 50 bpAc ! peAC ah "opeAtn po as ceACc 
AniAp Aip — ua Op ConAillij CpuAt>A ■£& "OomnAitt "oo bi i 5c6rh- 
nui"6e 'ua Commb — -| bpipeAt) Ap SeAjAn pA "oeipeAt). 

T)o "opui-o pe leip Ap scul 50 beAlAige Op 66jAin A5 
•op4nnc4ii Ap Sydney; t)i p6 Com neAriieAgtAC pom, 7 Com 
mumigneAC pom Ap pern 50 pAib pAicCiop Ap ua J^^ai ceACc 

'tlA $01pe 7 "OO £lUAipeAT)Ap OpCA 50 t)Alle-AtA-CllAt Apip 5A11 

pumn ■oo bApp a -ocupuip aca: " CuippeAt) piAti mo lAm optA 
pop," AT>eip SeAgAII. " 111 pACAt) AlfclT) ACA Ap ii-Aip mutiA mbiAt) 

ha cuippdg pm 1 T>Op CotiAiil ; cA pAite beAC Atmpoin acA Am* 
CpA-0 i Am' CeAlg le pa"oa, aCc bAin An CluAp -oiom, 50 muCpA-o 
lA^pAn Ap bAll." 


Shane the Proud. 3867 

make themselves ready for the assistance of England, as they 
do at this day. 

They are coming against you, Shane the Proud, horseman of 
the sharp sword ! Get ready Mac-an-Fhiolar, and arrange 
your little band of heroes. Ye have nothing but the strength 
of your own arms, for there is no help nor succor for ye from 
anyone outside. 

The English districts about Dublin were called the Pale. 
Into the Pale Shane leaped like a thunderstorm. He ravaged 
and plundered it to the walls of Dublin. He made an attempt 
upon the English in Dundalk, and he had a fight with Sydney 
near that town. They were too much for Shane that time, and 
with some difficulty they repulsed him; but he made havoc 
among Sydney's troops before he moved off. Sydney continued 
to press on. He went through Tir-Eoghain, and from that to 
Tir-Conaill, in spite of Shane; but the latter followed him 
every inch of the way, and little rest he gave him during the 
journey. Never did he show better skill in tactics than at that 
time. Sydney and his numerous army were harassed and 
wearied by Shane's sudden attacks. He moved close up to 
them near Derry and gave them battle. A tough fight it was, 
for many men fell on both sides, and Shane thought the victory 
was with him; but beware! See thi company coming from 
the West upon him — the stern Tir-Conaill men under 
O'Donnell, who was always against him — and Shane was 
defeated at last. 

He fell back to the passes of Tir-Eoghain, growling at 
Sydney. He was so fearless and so confident in himself, that 
the foreigners were afraid to come near him, and they betook 
themselves to Dublin again, having got very little by their 
journey. " I will put the mark of my hand on them yet," said 
Shane. " Not a creature of them would have gone back if it 
were not for those villains in Tir-Conaill. There is a swarm 
of bees there that are worrying and stinging me this long 
while; but cut the ear off me but I will smoke them out very 



Shane was preparing himself secretly, and the English were 
not asleep. They were secretly aiding O'Donnell, and spurring 
him on against Shane. Hugh was the name of the O'Donnell 
who was now in Tir-Conaill, for Calvach had lately died. This 

3868 SeA$An An *OiomAifj 

CAib. 10. 

t>i Se-AgAti 50 foluijteAt '5^ ullAmiijA-o fern -j ni fAib nA 
SAfAnAij 'nA jjcoTdA. tHo"OAf A5 CAbntijAt) le ti-C "OomnAill 1 
$An fiof, ■) '5A gfiofAt) 1 scoinnib SeAgAin. x\o-o "00 b'Amm 
•oe'n "Obmnaill T»o bi Anoip ^n tin ConAill, mAf CAilleAt) 
CAlbAt le "oeroeAnnAije. Vlion b'pulAif "oo'n cniAt mi^* ro 
£acc 615m -oo "beAnAt) 1 "ocofAC a fiAglA, mAn bA *;r\&t&C. le 5AC 
flAit An iiAif ut). t)nir -Ao* ipceAC 50 On e<3$Ain An GfotigA'b 
riA SAfAnAC i "oo cneAC fe An CAOb tiAf tiiAit> t>i. "Oo "6uib t 
t>o "6eAn5 A5 SeAjjAn-An-THomiiif. *OAf clAroeAifi SAifge tleill 
tlAOi n^iAllAig, "oiolfArb "OomnAill Af An jjcofgAifc reo ! 

Do cipA cnoigteACA -\ niAncAij aj; cniAll Ar gAe Aifo -pA "bein 
cige mbin Demnboifb noirh einge gneme 1 -ocofAC nA t)eAlCAme 
Wf An mbliA"6Ain 1567. Cfom nA coin tfibfA An uaill le ceAj dac 
An ceACC nA fluAg, *j A5 lucAil -j Ag cfotA"6 a n-eAfbAll, niAn "oo 
fileA"OAn 50 mbiA* feilj; aca mAf t»A gnAtAC. Hit An fiAt) ftiAt) 
1 An mACcine 1 CjrolAc mf nA coillnb mon-"ocimceAll mAn 
fileAT>An -pom leir le cinsfinc An Ainmit)e 50 f AbtAp An a "ocbin. 

Hi nAio "ouil 1 peAlg aj Tleill An con ro, niAf bi •oeAbA'b 
Ain cum "OomnAill -oo tfAOCAt), ^ x>o buAil fe fein -j a 
floijeACo cni mile reAn riAn o tuAitt. "OeAjipA-b "OAoine 
pifneogACA 50 fAib nA caja a$ rgneACAij 6f cionn cige SeAgAin- 
An-"OiomAif An mAi"oeAn ro, "| nAn CuaIai-o re ceol nA cuAiCe 
nA piobAineACc An lom T>tnb m"oiu. 

" TIac "OAn 1AT) nA On ConAillig feo, "] nAc m6f An CfUAg t>6ib 
belt '5A sctin a flige a mAfbtA," An feifeAn, nuAi|\ "00 ConnAic 
r6 "OomnAill -| a bui"beAn Vea^ fuit>ce An ^Snt) An $Aine An 
An *ocAOb tuAi"6 x)'mbeAn S111I15 1 nt)un nA n^-All. 

Iji An cAOi-oe cnAigce Ar An mbeAn •] "oo filit) tleill ^un 
SAimrh tinm t)o bi Ann 1 j;c6mnuit>e. Tlion niAn pn "oo 

'OomnAill; "Di Aitne rhAit AigereAn An An Aic tit), •] "oo togAit* 
pe i 1 j;c6mAin e pem -j a cui-o feAf -oo cofAinc Af tleill, mAf 
eini$eAnn An CAOi-oe 50 ciu$ •] 50 b-obAnn Annfu-o: 

Ajtif \:&A(i 1 n-AtfAnn le C6iie'"An fUoCc "00 tAinij 6 beinc 
rhAC Tleill nAoi ngiAllAig — nA Uin 0onAilU$ 6 ConAll JulbAn 

1 nA Of e6$Aim$ 6 eb$An, e fiu"o "oo bfif a tfoi-oe le bf6n 1 
n-oiAi-b ConAill nuAif -oo mAfbingeAt) An cufAt) fom. 

"OeifteAn nAC fAib Aon fonn bfuigne Af 6'lleill nuAif "00 

Shane the Proud. 3869 

new prince must needs do some act of valor at the beginning 
of his reign, as was the custom with every prince at that time. 
Hugh broke into Tir-Eoghain by order of the English, and 
plundered the north-western part of. Shane the Proud turned 
black and red with anger. By the champion-sword of Niall of 
the Nine Hostages, O'Donnell shall pay for this raid ! 

You would see foot and horsemen traveling from every 
quarter towards the great house of Benburb before sunrise, in 
the beginning of May, in the year 1567. The great hounds 
began to bay with excitement at the approach of the troops, 
and to jump about and wag their tails, for they thought they 
were to have a hunt, as usual. The red deer and the wolf 
ran to hide themselves in the woods all around, for they too 
thought, with the animal's instinct, that they were going to 
be pursued. 

O'Neill had no desire for hunting this time, for lie was in a 
hurry to subdue O'Donnell, and he and his host of three 
thousand men struck out to the north-west. Superstitious 
people would say that the jackdaws were screaming over the 
house of Shane the Proud this morning, and that he did not 
hear the music of the cuckoo nor the piping of the blackbird 

" Are they not bold, these Tir-Conaill fellows, and is it not a 
great pity for them to be putting themselves in the way of their 
death?" said he, when he saw O'Donnell and his little band 
posted upon Ardingary, on the north side of Lough Swilly, in 

The tide had ebbed out of the estuary, and O'Neill thought 
that the sand in it was always dry. Not so with O'Donnell. 
He knew that place well, and he chose it in order to protect 
himself and his men from O'Neill, for the tide rises strongly 
and suddenly there. 

And see, struggling together, the race that came from the 
two sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages — the Tir-Conaill men 
from Conall Gulban, and the Tir-Eoghain men from Eoghen, 
the man who broke his heart with sorrow after Conall when 
that warrior was killed ! 

It is said that O'Neill had no wish to fight when he saw the 
small army that O'Donnell had against him, and that he would 
rather that they would have surrendered; but for all that he 
arranged his men carefully, and he ordered them in companies 
and troops across the inlet of the sea. O'Donnell made a furious 
attack on the first party that got across and broke them up. 
If they had not many men, they were all like wild cats. He did 

3870 SeA$An An "OiomAif. 

ConnAic fe An ftuA$ beAg "oo bi aj; T)6mnAitt 'nA commb, •] 
juf t)'fre^f\f\ teif t>a ngeittfroif, aCc uiAf fin pern "oo beAfcuig 
f6 a cuix> peAf 50 cjiuinn -j •oo fciufAit) fe 'nA nt>feAmAib -j 'nA 
n"Dio|\triAiD CA-prtiA An CuAif p Aiff^e ia-o. Uug "ObmnAitt pojA 
peAf^AC pA'n gc^AT) euro t)o f foiC Anonn -j "oo bfif fe iat>. 
tTlunA fAib mbf An peAf Aige, caic p a"0ai$ -do b'eA-b iat) 50 teif. 
flinne p6 mAf An 5ceA"onA teif An T>AfnA cipe CAtmA. " Caic- 
feAf ia-o -oo Cuf Af fom," AffA Heat, -j t>o buAit fe 6 f£m Af 
ceAnn con CApAtt, acc t>o pneAb mAfCAij; Hi "ObmnAiti AmAC Af 
I05 Ain 'nor gAtA gAoite, -j "o'a feAbAf e SeAgAn-An-'OiomAif if 
An eigm •oo bi f6 'nA CumAf cofg -oo cun teo. "O'peAc f*e 
cimceAtt Ain. t)i cum "o'a ■CneAniAio meAfjtA Cne n-A ceite 1 
a cuilleAt) aca rgAntA 6 n-A Ceite. VHon ting SeAjjAii fAfc An 
tneAnotAHA 50 6ceACAi"6 pe An CAoroe A5 eifge - fgeoin A5 
ceACc An a cuit) peAf, ^ 6 "OorhnAitt te n-A oui'oeAn tAoC A5 cuf 
ontA 50 -oiAn. Tlion meAt cnoi"be SeAjAin mr An Aii'i^An u*o, -\ 
•oo cnom fe- Af eifteAC le n-A mafCAig 50 piAt)Ain, i Ap •Out An 
cofAnAifoe Annf o -j Annfut) A5 gtAO-bAC Af a cinnfeAT>nA a gcuno 
feAf "oo CbifiujAt). T)o jnit) fe feni lAffACc Af An ftuAg •oo 
bAitiujAt) teif 1 n-eAgAf coif, aCc ni fAib ftije cum cAfAt> aca, 
■j bi cui"o aca 50 glunAib 1 n-uifge ^ An CAoroe A5 pbrhAf cim- 

CeAtt OfCA. j?1f O lAf CUAtA "OO b'eA* A bpuplflOf. UAimj; 

fjeoin niof mo oftA -j bfifeA"OAf; 

tDAtA-o i mAfbuijeA'o Cfi C^at) "oeAg feAf aca. Do b'e CAt 
•oeifeAnnAC SeA5Ain-An-*OiomAif 6 Aguf An cubAifce bA mo "oo 
tAftuij fiAm "oo. Art meit) a CuAit) CfeAfnA ftAn CAf mbeAf 
milceAC Suing "oo teiCeAT>Af teo, Aguf t)0 fgemn a bftAit fUAf 
coif nA bAbAnn A5 cuAfOAC aca, Aguf T>ofn mAfCAC teif. "Oo 
teAfbAin Cif ConAttAC -©'Af b'Ainm gAttCAbAif At 'fAn AbAinn "oo 
■6a mite 6 pAifc An buAtAt) Aguf no tug SeAjAn 116itt a Cut 
Af Uif ConAitt, Attuf Aif, a teAngA Aguf a CAfbAilt Com ce, cifm, 
te fmeAfoin ceine, Agtif cnAp ua fjofnAig te buAitnnc Aij;ne. 

t)i X)6mnAitt •] a fAf-fif 50 meit)feAC, *] a -oceinnce cnAm 

ACA T)'eif All bUAlt), ACC ni fAlb f10f ACA gO fAbATDAf Ag "OeAUAt) 

oibfe ua SAfAnAC, obAif "oo teip a\\ ua 5^ 1 ^ f 1T1 A r feAt> CU15 
bliA-onA "o6A5 foitne fin, 51* guf CAitteAT)Af ua mitce feAf -] 
Oa nuttuin punc Cuige. 

Ca-o -oo "beAnf Ait) T16itt "UtA-b Anoif ? T)eif teAbAf nA 
Ceitfe OttAmAm 50 fAib fe eAT>cfom 'ua CeAnn &&\\ eif bfuigne 
-difo au JAife, ACc ni fuit 'fA m6iT) fin aCc cof cAmce. t)i An 
cufA-b u-o f6-Ai5eAncAmAit *] fb-tAiT>if 1 gcfonbe -| a gcofp cum 
CfomA-b Ay ptubAijeAt Aguf Af CneATiAij 1 -ocAob bfifeAt) Aon 
bfuijne AitiAin. Hi fAib f6 *oa fiCeAt) btiA*An -o'Aoif fbf 1 bi 
mifneAC An teotfiAm 1 gcomnui-be Aige. "0'iAff cuix> X) a 

Shane the Proud. 3871 

the same to the second brave file. " We must put them out 
of that," said O'Neill, and he thrust himself at the head of a 
detachment of horse; but O'Donnell's horsemen rushed out on 
him from a hollow like a gale of wind, and great as was Shane 
the Proud it was with difficulty that he was able to check him. 
He looked around him. Some of his companies were mixed 
up together, and some of them were separated from each other. 
Shane did not understand the reason of the confusion till he 
saw the tide rising and terror coming upon his men, and 
O'Donnell with his band of heroes pressing upon them severely. 
Shane's heart did not fail in that moment of distress, and he, 
with his horsemen, began slaughtering savagely, and galloping 
to and fro, calling upon his captains to put their men in order. 
He tried to gather the army together himself in proper order, 
but they had not room to turn, and some of them were up to 
the knees in water and the tide flowing up all round them. 
Most of them were inland men. A fresh panic fell on them 
and they broke away. 

Thirteen hundred of them were drowned or killed. It was 
Shane the Proud's last battle, and the greatest disaster that 
ever happened to him. As many as crossed the terrible estuary 
of the Swilly in safety fled away, and their prince rushed up 
the side of the river to look for a ford, with a few horsemen. 
A Tir-Conaill man of the name of Gallagher showed him a 
ford in the river two miles from the battle-field, and Shane 
O'Neill turned his back on Tir-Conaill, sweating, his tongue 
and his palate as hot and dry as a coal of fire, and a lump in 
his throat from trouble of mind. 

O'Donnell and his good men were right merry, and they had 
bonfires after the battle; but they did not know that they 
were doing the work of the English — work which it had failed 
those foreigners to do for fifteen years before that, though they 
had lost thousands of men and two millions of money in the 

What will O'Neill of Ulster do now? The Book of the Four 
Masters says that he was light in his head after the fight at 
Ardingary, but that is only a turn of expression. That hero 
was too high-minded and too strong of heart and of limb to fall 
to blubbering and to groaning over the loss of one battle. He 
was not forty years of age yet, and he always had the courage 
of a lion. Some of his military officers begged him to yield 
to the English, but that was not Shane's intention at all. He 
released Somerled the Sallow (Sorley Boy), whom he had had 
in captivity as a prisoner of war for two years, and sent him 

3872 SeA$An An "OiomAir: 

oi\nx;QA£A cojjai"© Ain seitleAt) t)o SAfAn^ aCc nion b'e fin incimi 
SeAgAin 1 n-Aon Con. S5A0H r£ SomAinte t)ui"oe "oo bi man 
cime Ai^e le t>A btiA'OAin, -| Ctnn mAn CeACcAine 50 Ctomn 
"OomnAill 1 nxMbAin £ A5 lAnnAit) con^AncA ontA. X)o jeAtlA-OAfl 
tio i, "] jtii-t) re pern -j ^AntiA mAncAC iouat) coinne leo 1 
mt)uuAbAun "Oumne, 1 nx\oncnuim. *0' umluigeA'OAn 50 CAlAm 
t»6 i 5t6AfAT)A|\ p6 fOA 1 gcAbAn pAinpmj; x>6. UAmi$ fe^f. eile 
An An tAcAin teip, "d'aia b'Amm Pierce, bnACAT>6in 6 etipe "oo 
CuAlAro cat) "oo bi Ap piub t A5 SeA^An. 11i puH Aon p ^mbinn 
te pAgAit t>o *oe<inbui§ Ann 5 up. cuj An cApcAen Pierce ut> ■oiol 
•potA "oo nA tiAlbAnAig, aCc ca mpAp jeAn aj; 5AC u§T>Ap Aip. 

A SeA$Ain-An-T)iomAif, cA -oo jno "o^AncA. 

T)eip 00 nArhAroe pCm AriiAin, 50 pAib "oo tArh tAitnp mAp 
ySAt 1 jcomnunie A5 An bpeAp lAg, -] nAC pAib gAtJuitie nA peAp 
mi-piAjAtcA i"o' CeAnncApAib Vet)' linn, T)eip piAT>, teip, gun b'e 
00 $nAt jAn purOe Cum bit) 50 mbiA* a pAic "oe'n peoil "oo 
b'peApp, ™^P "oeipceA, A5 boCc 1b Cpiopt), "oo CnumnijeAt) An x>o 
tAippig. ACz ca •oeineA'O leo' peileACc i let)' SAipge lAicpeAC,' 
mAn ca nA bAlbAUAij; 50 ciocpAC a$ cogApnAig le Captain 
Pierce inr An jjcAbAn. Hi Cloippip uAitl *oe ConAipc Agup ni teAn- 
pAip An piAt> n«At) tne coitlob cno nA CpiuCA 50 "oeo Apip. tli 
Cloippit) pltiAijce tin eojAin T>o jAipcACA niop m6, mAp ca piCe 
xMbAnAC ^n "oo cut a 5A11 piop *ouic 1 Pietce *o'a nspiojAt) gun 
rhApbuijip a n-AicneACA 1 mbnuigm $teAnnA cAife. pneAb i-o 1 
fui-c-e o'n mbont) fom a SeA5Ain-An-*OiomAir •] -p^AC t>ia tiAn 
•oioc mAn ca An c-pteAj 1 njionnACc onlAig x>ex>' "Onom teACAn. 

Aguf tiusAnn An coinntu'm AtnuiC An Snut nA HlAoile, -j 
bnipcAnn ua connA bAnA An An "OcnAiJ te puAim coip "bunAbAnn 
"Oumne, "\ ceAfbAnAnn nA "OAome Annput) CAnn ctoC 1 tog mAn a 
bpmt SeA5An-An-T)iomAip 'nA CcotA le b^eip A5ur cni C&AT2 

" SeACc mbtiAt>nA SeAfccAcc cuic c6x> 
1Tlile btiAt)Am if ni bn6cc, 
Co bAr cSeAAm mic mic Cumn 
toit>eCc Cmopc bi ccolAinn." 

fog Pierce leip An ccAtin "oo b'Ailne 1 n6inmn 1 bAineA* An 
c-6at)aC "OAon *oe Cqnp -oiCeAnncA IJi 11eitt. )TuAin Pierce a mile 
ptjnc mAn "biol An An jceAnn o'n mbAmniojAin, "\ buAiteA* An 
ceAnn cAitireAC ut) An bionn Af. An nmn x>o b'Ain"oe An CAifleAn 


Shane the Proud. 3873 

as an envoy to the Clan Donal in Scotland, to ask aid of them. 
They promised it to him, and he and a guard of horsemen 
appointed a place of meeting with them at Cushendun, in 
Antrim. They bowed to the ground before him, and prepared 
a feast for him in a large tent. Another man came to the 
place also, whose name was Pierce, a spy from Elizabeth, who 
had heard what Shane was doing. There is no written 
evidence to be found which proves that this Captain Pierce 
gave blood-money to the Scots, but every author has a strong 
suspicion of it. 

Shane the Proud, your business is done. 

Your very enemies say that your strong hand was ever as a 
shield to the weak, and that there was not a robber nor an unruly 
man in your territories during your time. They say, too, that 
it was your custom not to sit down to your food until, as you 
would say, Christ's poor, who gathered on your threshold, 
had had their fill of the best meat. But there is an end to 
your generosity and to your valiant deeds now, for the Scots 
are eagerly whispering with Captain Pierce in the tent. You 
will never again hear the baying of the pack, nor follow the 
red deer through the nut-woods of the cantred for evermore. 
The hosts of Tir-Eoghain will hear your battle-cry no more, 
for there are twenty Scots behind you unknown to you, and 
Pierce is nagging at them that you killed their fathers in the 
battle of Glenshesk. Spring to your feet from that table, 
Shane the Proud, and look behind you, for the spear is within 
an inch of your broad back. 

And the curlew cries away out on the Moyle Water, and the 
white waves break soundingly on the strand near Cushendun, 
and the people there show a cairn of stones in a hollow, where 
Shane the Proud sleeps these three hundred years and more. 

" Seven years, sixty, five hundred 
(And) a thousand years, it is no lie, 
To the death of Shane the grandson of Conn 
From the coming- of Christ in the Body." 

Pierce took away with him the most beautiful head in 
Ireland, and they took the rich clothing from the headless body 
of O'Neill. Pierce received his thousand pounds from the 
Queen in payment for the head, and that beloved and lovely 
head was stuck upon a spike on the highest battlement of 
Dublin Castle. 


(t>) cAiUn tia rnortAitne. 

SeAmuf ua "OubgAitt; 

t)f CAitin fA"0 6 1 -oci$ nA mbn^itne A^uf ni biott Aon Ceona 
leif An men) oibne bio"6 fi a cun nomipi te "oeAnAm. 

1f cuniA cat) a beAt> £An "oeAnAm Aguf b'fei'oin 50 mbeAt> fe 
5An T)£Ar\Ati) An feAt> nAite, nuAin "oeAnfAitfe teif An gCAitin 6 
•OeAtiArh, 'f e An fneAgn a bio* aici 1 scomnui'oe : " bfof cum 
e fin a •oeAnAm me fein." CeAp ha bnAitne a^\ "ocuif 50 nAib 
CAitin AnAtnceAttAC aca, A^uf if mime a bit>if A5 motAt) Ati 
CAitin Ajuf A5 mAOToeAm Aifci te bfAitnib eite; 

Aon La AmAm a tAinig feAn-bfACAin cuca 6 riiAmifcin eite, 
Aguf, nuAin a cuaIa fe An c-Afo-motAt) An CAitin nA mbnAitne, 
" Dei* fiof AgAm-f a," An feifeAn, " An bf uit fi Com mAit Aguf 
•oeinteAn tiom i beit." 

" CogAn," An reireAn te ceAnn *oe nA bn^itmb, " AbAin teir An 
gCAitin ceA6c irceAC 1 feomnA nA teAbAn A^uf, nuAin a beit) -pi 
ifo§ Ann, AbAin tei gun ceAnc *oi nA teAbAin a nige." 

" Aguf cat) Cuige 50 scmnpnn obAin bmfige mAn fin nonnpi ? 
t)eA"0 feAng uinti Ajur b'feroin 50 bfA5fAt> fi fmn. Mi puinifC 
CAitin mAn i 'f AjAit jeAttAim *ouic." 

" "OeAn nut) onm," Aff' An reAn-bnAtAin. 

"Do gtAcbuiJ fe An An gcAitin A^ur ni nAib fi 1 bfA-o A5 ceAcc; 
Agur, nuAin a tAinig fi, "oubAinc An reAn-bnAtAin tei 50 bog 
nei-o : " Ctoifim gun AnACAitin tu. 1f mon An c-iongnA* Horn, 
a "Dnijit), nA teAbAin reo beit jjau nige aj;ac pof ." 

" t)ior "oineAC Cun e fin a -oeAnAm, me fein, A AtAin." 

" ni jAbAt) "btnc e, a tDnigTO," Anr' An bnAtAin eite 50 reAnb: 
'n Ia fAin 50 "oci An tA iutmu cA CAitin ha mUnAitne mAn Ainm 
An einne a bionn " cun e fin "OeAnAm " 1 n-ionAT) e beit "oeAncA, 1 

(r) An 5AT) mAnA 
An tons An t>6AttlAj 

SeAmuf ua "OubgAitt. 

CAmAtt mAit 6 fom Anoif bi "OAoine 'ua scomnui-de 1 n-oiteAn 
beAg 1 n-ioCcAn nA b6ifeAnn Aguf ni fAib aca aCc An $Ae"bit5: 
Alan $eAtl Ain 50 mbiot) "OAOine fATbbfe A5 ceACc An cuAinc An 


By James Doyle. Translated by Mary Doyle. 

There was a servant long ago at the friary, and there were 
no bounds to the amount of work she used to be about doing. 

It did not matter what was left undone, and perhaps it would 
be without doing for a quarter, when the servant would be 
asked to do it the answer she always had was, " I was going 
to do that myself." The friars at first thought they had a 
very diligent servant, and often they used to be praising the 
girl, and boasting of her to other friars. 

One day an old brother came to them from another 
monastery, and when he heard the great praises of the friars' 
servant, he said, " I'll find out if she is as good as she is said 
to be." 

"Whisper," said he to one of the brothers; "tell the girl 
to come into the library, and when she is inside there, tell her 
she ought to wash the books." 

" And why should I set her such a fool's job? She would 
be angry, and perhaps she would leave us. It is not easy to 
get a servant like her, I assure you." 

" Do as I tell you," said the old friar. 

He called the girl; she was not long coming, and when she 
came the old friar said to her, soft and smooth, " I am told 
you are a great girl. I wonder very much, Brigid, that you 
have those books so long without washing." 

" I was just now going to do that myself, father." 

" Oh you need not, Brigid," said the other brother, sharply. 

From that day to this " the friars' servant girl " is applied 
to any one who is always going to do the thing instead of 
having it done. 


By James Doyle. Translated by Mary Doyle. 

A good while ago now there lived people in a little island in 
a remote part of Ireland and they had no language but Irish. 
Because wealthy people used to visit the island now and again, 
the poor people imagined that all they wanted was to have 

387G An 5at> mAnA nO An tons An beAntA; 

/■n o*leAn Anoir A^uf Anir CeAp nA "OAome botcA nA fAib nAt4 
acc An DeAnlA -o'togtuim Agur 50 mbei"oir f Ait>bin 50 "oeo. tean- 
Ann An ^AlAn ceAT>nA monAn "OAome a CeApAnn niof mO ceitle 
beit aca 'x\a bi A5 muman An oiteAin; 

" Acc cA nAib An t)eA|\tA le PA5A1I ? ' t)'m i An te\fz Anoir; 

t)i 'friof aca 50 nAib DeAnlA 1 n-6inmn, acc CuAtA"OAn 50 nAib 
An DeAnlA "oob' peAnn 'fA "oorhAn 1 mt)Aite Aca CUAt. 

UAn eir monAn cAince A^uf comnAit) focninj;eA'OAf\ An tunne 
aca a Cun 50 bAile ^ca CtiAt An tons An DeAnlA. 

An LA t>i An peAn A3 imteACc bAt) "6615 leAC gun 30 nAmiein- 
ice a bi r e A3 "out. t)i An lA 'tiA lA fAoine An An oileAn. UAmis 
muman An oileAm 30 leip, 65 Asuf cnionnA, 30 "oci pone n& 
n6ineAnn A5Uf cinneAT) An peAn Anonn An An "ocin moin An An 
rnbAt) bA mo aj\ An oileAn. 

T)'i?A3 ceACcAine An DeAnlA plAn aca A3uf -o'lmtig Ain 30 DAile 
AtA CUAt. UAn eir a beit CAmAlt 'r a CAtAin bi De\AnlA Aise, tti 
f ocaI, " Good-morrow," Asuf CeAp r e 30 nAib r e 1 n'Am 
Aise pLleAti a bAile. Di fe ctnnreAC 30 teon o beit A5 coiri- 
•OeACc, A3Uf nuAin a cAmi5 re 30 "oci "£eit At1 C10CA15 1 n-Aice 
nA pAinpse, p u1 "° re riof. 

Di nA pocAil 50 cnuinn SApcA A^e, -j te beAstA 30 mbeA-o 
fiA*o cAitlce Aise, bio*6 fe A5 nAt> niAn pAit)nin " Good-morrow," 
f ' good- morrow," " good-morrow." 

D? An Aimnn rlmC A^vf bi feit An C10CA15 bos- 50 -oeirfim, 
bi fi 'nA coin An bosAt), Asiif, nuAin a bi An peAn bote A3 "out 
cnAfnA, cuait> r e A f tAn Asuf x>' pobAip t>6 beit bAittce. CAnn- 
Ains re e rem ahiaC 1 scumA eicinc A5«r bAin pe AniAC An cAlam 
anim. ACc, mo cneAC if mo CAf ! bi An DeAnlA CAitlce A^e. 

tluAin a tAims pe a bAile Asur nuAin -o'mnif fe a r5e-<a t>o 
muinnn An oileAm, bioxtAn buAi-OeAntA 50 teon, Asur 'fe "oubAinc 
5aC -ovime aca leir fem suf mon An cfUA$ nAC 6 pein a cuineA-d 
30 t)Aile- At a- Ctl At. 

Atz ca-o a bi le T>eAnAm Anoir ? t)i An "beAftA cAittce 1 b^^it 
An C10CA15 Asur b'pei-oin 50 mbeA-0 r^ te PA5A1I pbr- 

TDo stuAir r ei f eA t^ "° e mumcir An oileAm Anonn Af bAt) 50 
•oci An -ocin moin Asur r eA t^ An "DeAnlA le n-A scoir- teArbAin 
re "OOib cAp CaiU r^ Art t)eAnlA 1 l^f nA f eite. 

CnomA-OAn 30 leif Af ah Aic a tObAC Asur a tAor3 A "° A 5 u r 
nior b'pA-OA "601b as SAbAil "oo'n obAif r eo nuAif *oo biiAit 5AT) 
mAp.A ieO. 

" Sin e An focAl," " Sin e An y:ocAl" Arr^eACcAife An 
t)eAniA, " 3At) mApA," " sa-o mAfA." 

The Gad Mara, or in Search of English. 3877 

English and that they would be rich for ever. The same 
ailment follows a good many who think they have much more 
sense than had the people of the island. 

But where was the English to be had ; that was now the 
question. They knew there was English in Ireland, but they 
had heard the best English in the world was in Dublin. 

After much talk and discussion they fixed on one of them- 
selves to be sent to Dublin in search of English. 

The day the man was leaving you would think it was to 
America he was going. The day was a holiday on the island. 
The whole population of the island, young and old, came down 
to Port Erinn, and the man was put across on the mainland in 
the biggest boat on the island. 

The English delegate bade them farewell, and proceeded on 
his way to Dublin. After being a short time in the city he 
had English, " Good morrow," two words, and he thought it 
was time for him to be returning home. He was tired enough 
from walking, and when he came as far as " the Left-handed 
Man's swamp," close to the sea, he sat down. He had the words 
correctly, and lest he should lose them, he used to be repeating 
them like a prayer — " Good morrow, good morrow." 

The weather was wet and the swamp soft. Indeed it was a 
regular quagmire; and when the poor man was crossing he 
went bogging, and was near being drowned. He pulled himself 
out some way and got to dry land. But, sorrow and 
distraction, he had lost the English. 

When he reached home, and when he told his tale to the 
people of the island, they were troubled enough, and it is 
what each said to himself, that it was a pity that it was not he 
himself that was sent to Dublin. 

But what was to be done now. The English was lost in 
the swamp of the Left-handed Man, and maybe it would be 
found yet. 

Six of the islanders went over in a boat to the mainland, 
and the " English " man with them. He showed them where 
he lost the English in the middle of the swamp. They all set 
to work to dig and shovel the place, and they were not long 
at the work when they came upon a gad mara, or sea rod. 

" That's the word, that's the word," said the messenger, 
"Gad mara, gad mara." 


tli iiACAiT) mtfe 50 bftAC &]\ jcut 

n:A'f ^ijin bete uriiAl -oAoib 'r mof mo leuti, 

mutiA x>ci5 liom fiubAt, mutiA vrig tiotn pubAt, 
fllutiA "ocig liom fiubAt aji mo pAijtc-fe pein. 

tAmi5 An cnAtnonA ceit, -j fin me fiAf An bAncA bneAg V&V> A fl 
tAOib ah botAin, Ajuf nion b'pAT>A gun tuic mo ccolAd onm. 
-Agup im' co'oLAt) ConnAinc me Aifting. 

T)o bi me A5 fiubAt, mAn fAoit me im' Aiftmg, 1 Ttcin AnAitni-o 
tiac nAib me AniAtn noime feo 1 n-Aon cin Cofriiuit tei, bi fi Cotfi 
bneAg fin. t)i boitfe cAotA -oo-fiubAtCA A5 "out cnit) An cin 
Atumn feo, Ajuf no 01 pAinceAnnA gtAfA Aguf peAf. O05 uAitne, 
Aguf b-uite fonc btAt "o'A bpACAit) f Cut AfiAtn, Ag f Af An jaC Aon 
CAoib T>e'n ootAn. -Ace x>o 01 An botAf pern CAtn conf aC ctoCAC, 
A^uf bi fpntiitteAC A5 fdoeAt) Ain, do toic Aguf "oo t)Att fuite 
tid n-OAome "oo 01 A5 fiubAt Ann. 

/Aguf nion bpAt)A 50 bpACAit) me peAf. 65 tutmAf tAiruf AniAC 
forhAm, Ag 5ADA1I ah botAn mAn "oo bi me pern. Agup ConnAic 
me An c-ogAnAC fo A5 feAfAtii 50 mime cum An puDAif cinm 00 
bi -o'A fei-oeA'O An An mbotAn •oo Cumntc "o'a fuitib. Ajuf 00 
bi An botAn Com n-Aimneit> A^uf Com ctoCAC fin gun tuic fe 
Anoif A^uf Anif mAn bi re A5 fiubAt. Aguf An uAif t>eifeAnnAC 
"oo tuic fe nion feAt) fe eini$e no 50 "ocAim^ mife Com pa-oa 
teif, Aguf tugAf mo tArii t)6 gun tog me An a t)A Coif Anif e, 
Aguf -oubAifc me teif 50 f Aib fiiit AgAm nAC fAib fe gofcuijte. 
"O'ffeAgAin feifeAn t>e bniAtnaib bmne btAfCA nAC nAib fe 5on- 
cuijte 50 mOf, aCc 50 naib pAicciof Aif nAC "ocuicpAt) pe 50 
"oeineAt> a Aifcin An L& fin, mAf t>o bi An botAn Coin "S^V A ^> U V 
Com cnuAit) fin. Aguf "o'fiAffuig mife "be An fAT>A "oo bi te "out 
Aige. "OubAifc feifeAn nAn bfA-OA, aCc guf miAn teif "out 50 
bAite-m0j\ x>o bi CO15 mite AmAC uAinn, fut tAmig An oTOCe Ain, 
Oif but) miAn teif nut> te n'lte, Aguf teAbuit), fA$Ait, Aguf gAn 
An oi"OCe x>o CAiteAm Atnuij Af An mbotAn fiAt)Ain fin. 

/Aguf nuAif CuAtAit) me fin •oo bi lonjjAncAf ofm, Oif bi "0A 
uAin "oe'n tA A5Ainn fof, noim tuit>e ua jfCine, Agtif b'ponuf x»o 
•Ouine a\< bit "oo bi Com tutmAn tAnsin teif An OgAnAt fin CU15 
mite "oo fiubAt m f An Am fin, T>A bf Agf A"6 fC An •Of oCbotAf Aguf 
•oA fiubAtf At) fe Af An mACAine b]\eA$ f.6it> "oo bi te n-A tAoib ; 
Aj;uf -oubAifc mC fin teif: 

" t1A biot) lon^AncAf oj\c pum-fA," a "oeif fC, " Oin ni fCi-oif 
te "oume An bit in fAn cif feo An bbtan fAjbAit; Com ctoCAC 
cnApAC cop f AC A$uf acA An botAn, CAitpit) -oume p AnAmAinc Ainj 


Douglas Hyde, LL.D. 

(Translated by Norma Borthwick.) 

The evening became hot, and I stretched back on a fine grassy 
bank at the side of the road, and it was not long till I fell 
asleep. And in my sleep I saw a vision. 

I was walking, as I thought in my dream, in an unknown 
country, such that I wa never before in any country like it, 
it was so fine. There were narrow roads, very bad for walking, 
running through this beautiful country, and there were green 
fields and soft green grass, and every sort of flower that the 
eye ever saw, growing on each side of the road. But the road 
itself was crooked and uneven and stony, and there was a 
dusty wind blowing on it that hurt and blinded the eyes of 
the people that were walking in it. 

And it was not long till I saw a young, active, strong man 
out before me, going the same road as I was myself. And I 
saw this young fellow standing often to rub out of his eyes ohe 
dry dust that was being blown on the road. And the road was 
so uneven and so stony tha he fell now and again as he was 
walking. And the last time that he fell he could not rise 
until I came up to him, and I gave him my frn till I raiset 
him up on his feet again, and I said to him nat I hoped he 
was not hurt. He answered in sweet, pleasant-sounding words 
that he was not much hurt, but that he was afraid he would 
not come to the end of his journey that day, as the road was 
so rough and so hard. And I asked him if he had far to go. 
He said he had not far, but that he wished to go to a big 
town, that was five miles out from us, before night came on 
him, for he wanted to get something to eat and a bed, and 
not to spend the night outside on that wild road. 

And when I heard that there was wonder on me, for we had 
two hours of the clay yet before sunset, and it would be easy 
for anybody who was so active and strong as that young man 
to walk five miles in that time if he left the bad road, and 
if he walked on the fine, smooth plain that was beside it; and 
I said that to him. 

" Do not be surprised at me," says he, " for it is impossible 
for any person in this country to leave the road. As stony 
and knotty and rugged as the road is, a person must stay on 
it. If he leaves the road to walk on the fine, smooth plain, 

3880 VAit-pseAt: 

tTlA fAgAnn p6 An botA|\ te puibAl a\\ An machine bpe-sig peiT), 
iocpAit) f£ Af 50 5^Af. CA Luce gAfOA Af An mbotAp fo Ajuf 
An n-vnle botAf m fAn cip feo, fAi$"oiupAit) mopA "oubA. 1r iao 
nA rAi 5*01 iin Ait) reo ~oo nmne 5A6 Aon bbCAf Ann fan cin reo Aj;uf 
if otc "oo •ninneA'OAn iat>, Ate mA pAgAnn "ouine cuipf eAt An botAf 
te fiubAl An An mACAine, teAncAp e teif An ngAfOA T>ub ro, A^ur 
beinit) Ain, Aguf ciomAini"o fbmpA e, 50 scuifpio An An mbotAp 
A WV &> 5 An buroeAtAf t)6." 

" Ace," An fA mife teif An fCf AiufeAf, " m p£it)ip 50 bpuit An 
oineAt) fin T>e fAigxnufAib "oubA An 5AC Aon botAn m fAn cin te 
tuCc fiubAtcA nA mbotAn 00 rmAccujAX) Ajuf -oo fAfugAt) niAn 
fin. TIaC mbionn luCc-fitibAleA nA mbotAn nior loniA'OAriilA 'nA 
An gAfOA "oub ro, Ajur nAC bfeAT)fAt) fiAt> An tdm uACCAif pAjAil 
oppA, Aguf bnifeAt) AfceAC, m a n-Aiifioeom, An An mACAine min 
Atumn fin, Aj;uf gAn pAUAmAinc An An mbotAn gpAnnA pu"OAfAC 
poll-lionrhAf ro ? " 

" 'O'fGA'opAroip fin "beAiiAm 50 cmnce," Af fAn pcpAinpe\Ap, 
•" tip bionn fiCe feAp lAioip Af An mbotAf 1 n-AjATb An Aon g^fOA 
ArhAm, aCc acA fopc T)pAoi*eAtcA fgAptA A5 An ngApoA oub, Ann 
fAn fptip of cionn nA mbotAn, Aguf if "061$ teif An tucc-fitibAil 
nAt bf mt Aon neAfc aca nA bbitfe "o'p AgbAit, A^up cap tip gAt 

*Olt AJ,Up "OOtAlp AgUf T)OtA1f "o'a OCAJAnn OffA Ann fnA ftlgtlb 

miLtceAtA mAlluijte peo, ni't An cpoioe nA aw cof Aifce aca iat> 
•o'f A^bAit, A^uf if "0615 gun Ab 6 fm mAp $eAll Af An Tip AOTbeACc 
•oo fgAp nA "OAome oubA. -ACc if 6 An puo if longAncAije aca 
uile, nAC bfuil in fAn gcuio if mo oe nA f AijoiufAib feo aCc 
cofriitnteACcA fAigoiiipAiO ; if pjAiliOe gAn bpig gAn fubfCAmc 
iao, Ate if 0615 te ItiCc-fitibAlCA nA mbotAp gun fuit A$up peoit 
iat), A^uf 50 loicpio fiAO An Duuie fAgf Af An bbtAf te n-A gcuio 

X)o fiubtAmAf Af Af n-A$Ait) te C&ile Ann fin, *j niof bfAT)A 
50 fAbAmAf Com fAfingte fin guf b'^igin "ouinn fuit)e fiof a^ au 
mbotAf, Ajuf 00 goitt An CAfC Aguf An ctnpfe ofnAinn 50 mof. 
"OubAifc 1116 Ann fin teif An 05A11AC, " tli b6mn Corii "oonA fo x>& 
mbeit "oeoC uifge AgAm." 

" Ua cobAf bpeAg fiof-uifse," ATJubAifc f6, " pA bun cfAinn 
bfeA^ ObAtt, ceAtpAriiA mile AniAC nfiriiAinn, aCc ca f6 Af An 
CAoib Afcij oe'n CtAit)e, m fAn mACAipe, Aguf ni -otifoeAnnAt 6 
•oul torn fAOA teif." 

Ate "oo goitt An CAfC ofm Com mop fin 50 ntmbAipc m6, 
" CAidt) tn6 6L Af, x>& mAp boCAi-be Af An mbimit) m6. Ufebf ui$ 
m6 50 oci An cobAf fo." UAimg fAicciof a\\ An os^nAt, Aguf 
•oubAipc f6, ■* 1f i mo CovhAip Le t)uic gAn out Ann, Ate mA 'p 
6igeAn ouic, ni bAcpAit) m6 tu. ^AgpAit) m6 00 CuioeAtCA nuAif 

An Allegory i 3881 

I.e will pay for it severely. There are guards on this road and 
on every road in this country — great black soldiers. It was 
these soldiers who made every single road in this country, and 
'tis bady they made them; but if a weary person leaves the 
road to walk on the plain, they follow him with this black 
guard, and they catch him and drive him before them till they 
put him on the road again in spite of him." 

" But," said I to the stranger, " there cannot be so many 
black soldiers on every road in the country as to repress and 
overcome the people who' walk the roads like that. Are not 
the people who walk the roads more numerous than this black 
guard, and could not they get the upper hand of them, and 
break in, in spite of them, upon that smooth, beautiful plain, 
and not stay on this ugly, dusty road, full of holes? " 

" They could do that certainly," said the stranger, " for there 
are twenty strong men on the road against the one guardsman, 
but the black guard have scattered a sort of enchantment in the 
air over the roads, and the travelers think they are not 
able to leave the roads, and after all the want and trouble and 
misery that comes on them in these awful, accursed roads, 
they have not the heart nor the courage to leave them, and 
probably that is on account of the enchantment that the black 
fellows have scattered. But the most extraordinary of all 
these things is that most of these soldiers are only imitation 
soldiers; they are shadows without force or substance, but 
the people who walk the roads think that they are flesh and 
blood, and that they would wound anybody who would leave 
the road with their weapons." 

We walked forward together then, and it was not long till 
we were so tired that we had to sit down on the road, and thirst 
and fatigue oppressed us greatly. I said then to the young 
man, " I would not be so bad if I had a drink of water." 

" There is a fine well of spring- water," said he, " at the foot 
of a beautiful apple-tree, a quarter of a mile out before us, but 
it is on the inner side of the ditch, in the plain, and it is not 
lawful to go as far as it." 

But the thirst troubled me so much that I said, " I must 
drink out of it, if I were to be killed on the instant. Lead me 
to this well." Fear came upon the young man, and he said, 
" 'Tis my advice to you not to go there, but if you must, I will 
not hinder you. I will leave your company when I come as 
far as the well. Kill yourself, if you wish; but you shall 
not kill me." 

We rose then, and we walked together till we saw a great, 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— I 

3882 i^it-rs&a. 

tiucpAp me com pAt>A teip An cobAf. IttAfb cu pem, mi'f miAn 
teAC ; aCc m mApb6CAi"o cu mif e." 

T)'eifi5eAmAf Ann fin, Agtif fiubtAmAf te ceite, 50 bpACAtnAf 
cfAnn tnot\ AXumn aj; eifige Af An mACAife, cimciott piCe peifpe 
AfceAC o'n mbocAf . CiiAit) me ftiAf An bAff An ctAit>e x>o bi An 
tAoib An botAif , Aguf ConnAic me cobAf gtan gte-geAt piof-uipse 
•o'a rgeiteA'd AmAC pA bun An CfAinn AfT> Atumn, Aguf ConnAic 
me btAtA bAnA Aguf ubtA beAgA Aguf ubtA teAC-Apui"d Aguf ubtA 
mon a "oeAngA tAn-Apui-6, Ag pAp te Ceite An An gcfAnn fin. Ace 
■oo bi An oineA*o fin "oe fmACc Aguf "oe fgAnnfA-o An "OAoinib nA 
cine fin nAn bAineAt) oineAt) Aguf Aon ubAtt aca, Aguf bA tein 
■OAm, An An bpeAf pA"OA pApArhAit "oo bi CAfc cimCiott An cobAin 
CAotti-AUnnn fin, uaC TDcAimg Aon -oume 1 n-Aice teif te n-ot. 
Ace nuAin ConnAic nure An meat) fin x>o geic mo CfOTde 1 tAf 
mo cteib, Aguf "oubAinc me '5 Of-Afo, " t)Ainpi-o me cum "oe nA 
h-ubtAib fin Agup otpAit) me mo "OotAin "oe'n cobAf fin, mA 'fe 
An bAf acA 1 tToAn "OAm." 

Aguf ^ ei f f 1tl "o'einig me *oe teim Aif-o eAT>cf om AenAC T)e bAff 
An ctAi"6e-ceof Ann Aguf AfceAC An ah mACAife min Attnnn. -Aguf 
ntJAin connAic An c-ogAnAC An nit) fin, 1 *oo teig fe ofnA Af, oin 
bA "6615 teif 5«f b'e mo bAf "oo bi me "0*a coftngeAccs 

-Aguf nuAif CA11115 mife teAt-beAtAig iT»in An gctAi-oe Aguf 
An cobAf; "o'einij fAij^iiin "nub, mAn beit AffACc Ai-ObeAt un- 
gn auua, fUAf, Af An bpeAf fAxyAy Aguf -oo tog fe ctAnieAm mon 
te mo CeAnn t»o fgotCAt), mAn fAdt me: xXguf •oo CuAtATb me 
Af mo ctit An fSfeA-o t»o cwf An c-ogAnAC Af An mbotAf Af, te 
ceAun-pAicCiof, tliof tu§A 'nA fin An pAicciof t>o bi ofm fem, 
oif m fAib Afm Af bic A^Am te mo CofAinc: -Ace *oo Cfom me 
Af CtoiC niAit moif "oo bi pA mo Coif, Com mof te mo ■Oofn pein, 
Aguf tug me co§a «f CAif "oe'n CtoiC fin teif An f Aij'oiuf Ait>- 
beAl. T)o btiAit An CtoC e, mAf f Aoit me, 1 jceAfc-tAf a eA-o^m, 
Aguf Cuato fi Am<xC CfiT) A CeAnn, AifiAit Aguf nAC fAib Ann aCc 
fgAite. Aguf Af An moimiT) niof teif *OAm Cfut nA cumA An 
CfAijtuufA, aCc -oo bi fnt) 5An cfut Ann ArhAit ftAm "oe'n Ceo, 
A^uf -oo teAg An ceo fin, Aj;uf no f£Ap fe Ann fAn fp6if, Ajuf 
m fAib "OA-OAit) eA"OfAim-fe Agnf An cobAf. tins me Ann fin 
nAC f Aig'oiuf nA peAf cogAit) "oo bi Ann, aCc ftfo bfeA^AC 7 fgAite 
•oo finneA*0 te ■OfAOi'OeACc, Ctim nA n"OAome x>o fSAnnfugAt) o'n 
cobAf. CuatO me 50 x>ci An c-uifge Ag«f niof bAC ftit) a\\ bit 
eite me. CfomAf Af An uifge Agup -o'otAf mo f Ait t>e, Aguf *oAf 
tiom-fA 50 f Aib fe Com mAit te pion: t)Ain me ubAtt mOf -oeAfg 
•oe'n CfAnn Ann fin Aguf "o'iceAf 6,- Agup x>o bi fe Com mitif 
im' b^At te mit. tlwAtf ConnAic me fin, gtAOtJ me Af An dgAnAC 
o>guf -oub^ift; me teif " ceACc Af c« ac cugAm, oif nAC fAib t)AX)Ai"d 

An Allegory. 3883 

beautiful tree rising out of the plain, about twenty perches in 
from the road. I went up on the top of the ditch that was 
at the side of the road, and I saw a pure, bright-looking well 
of spring-water gushing out under the foot of the beautiful 
high tree, and I saw white blossoms and little apples and half- 
ripe apples and large, red, fully-ripe apples growing together 
on that tree. But there was so much repression and terror 
on the people of that country that nobody gathered as much as 
one apple of them, and it was clear to me, by the long-growing 
grass that was round about that lovely well, that no person 
came near it to drink. But when I saw that much, my heart 
leaped within my breast, and I said aloud, " I will gather some 
of those apples, and I will drink my fill of that well, if it is 
death that is in store for me." 

And with that I rose in a high, light, active jump from the 
top of the boundary ditch and in upon the smooth, beautiful 
plain. And when the young fellow saw that, he gave a sigh, 
for he thought it was my death I was seeking. 

And when I came half-way between the ditch and the well, a 
black soldier arose, like a great, hideous monster, up out of the 
long grass, and he took up a great sword to split my head, as 
I thought. And I heard behind me the scream that the young 
man on the road put out of him, with intense fear. No less than 
that was the fear that was on myself, for I had no weapon at 
all to defend myself. But I stooped for a good big stone that 
was under my foot, as big as my own fist, and I gave a choice 
throw of that stone at the terrible soldier. The stone hit him, 
as I thought, in the very middle of his forehead, and it went 
out through his head, as if he were nothing but a shadow. 
And on the instant the appearance and shape of the soldier 
were dim to me, but there was a shapeless thing there like a 
wreath of mist, and that mist melted, and it dispersed into 
the air, and there was nothing between myself and the well. 
Then I knew that he was not a soldier nor a warrior, but an 
unreal thing and a shadow, made by magic to frighten the 
people from the well. I went to the water, and no other 
thing hindered me. I bent down to the water and I drank my 
fill of it, and in my opinion it was as good as wine. I pulled 
a big red apple from the tree then and ate it, and it was as 
sweet in my mouth as honey. When I saw that, I called to 
the young man, and said to him " to come in to me, for there 
was nothing to prevent him." As soon as he perceived that, 
he came in over the ditch himself, and he in great fear, and' 
he made for the well. He drank his fill out of it, and he ate 

3884 ^Ait-p^eAl! 

te n-A bACAt>;" Corn tt*At Agup tuj; pe fin pi "oeApA; t&inij; p£ 
pein ApceAC tAp -An ^clAibe, A^up e p-A eAgtA mop, Agup pmn pe 
Af» An cobAp. "O'ot pe a fAit Ar, Agup "o'lt pe a fAit "oe nA 
n-ublAib, Ajup fineAtnAn piAp te ceite An An bpeAp bpeAg bos, 
Ajup topuigeAiriAp A5 CAinc. -A^up "o'piAppuig me "66 Ainm nA 
cipe -pin, " oin " a^ p a mipe leip, " ip 1 An cip ip lonjAncAige "o'-d 
bpuit An An "oorftAn 1." 

tJopAig fe Ann fin aj mnpmc p^entA nA trine pm T>Am, Agup 
"oubAipc fe, " C-a An cip feo 'nA b-oileAn, Agup "oo CputAig T)ia 
i Aimng Ann fAn Ai^em iftbip Af An CAOib piAp "oe'n •ooriiAn, An 
aic a gAbAnn An gpiAn cum a teAptAn Ann fAn oibCe. -Ajjup 1 f 
i An cin if -Aitle Agup ip stAipe A$up ip nine i -o'a bpuit p-A'n 
ngnem. Agup "oein cupA gup cip longAncAC i, aCc m tmjjeAnn 
en leAt A b-ion^AncAif 50 poilt; Agup cA cpi AmmneACA uippi, 
t)AnbA A^uf 'Po'OtA Agup £hpe." 

tluAin CuAtAib me pm, "oo tug me teim, Agup buAit me mo 
CeAnn te 5eA5.AU "oe'n CpAnn, mAp pAoit me, — A$up buipig me. 

-Agup Ap bpopjAitc mo fuite bAm, piu"o me mo luibe Ap An 
gclAibe Ap tAoib An bbtAip, i*oip t)Ait-At-cUAt Agup t)btAp-nA- 
bptngne, Agup mo CApA "ChApmuiT) X)An '5 Am' pAtAb 1 m' e^pnA- 
CAib le mAiT)e. " 'S mitiT» x>uic beit "out A-bAite," AT>eip pe. 

" OpA a "OiApmni-o," Ap pA mipe, " nA bAm tiom. Hi pACAib 
uiac mAtAp ApiAm a teiteiT) "o' Aiptmg Aj;up ConnAic mipe." 
-Agup teip pm "o'mnip me mo bpionjlbiT) t>o, 6 tup 50 "oeipeAb. 

" PTlAipeAb ! mo gpAb tu," -Ap fA "OiApmuiT), nuAip bi me peib, 
" Ajup b' piop "oo bpiongtoit). f Aib Ajup pile tu," A"oeip pe. 

" Oonnup fin ? " a\\ ?a mipe, " mim$ bAm e." 

" 1p a^ tAtArh nA n-6ipeAnn "oo bi cu -^ayi aou AmpAp," Ap x A 
ThApmui'o, " aCc "do bi cu A5 y^u^Al, mAp ca ua ?i-€ipeAnnAi$ 
uile A5 piubAt, A1^ ua bbitpib "oo pinne ua Sacpauaij te n-A gcuit) 
■otigte Ajup te n-A gcui-o pAipiun pem, Agup pm boitpe uac pei-oip 
te 5 Ae '° eAl ' piuDAl oppA 5An cmpliujAb Agup gAU cuicim, -$An 
■ooCAp Agup 5An ■ootdp. ACz mA CpeigeAnn piA-o botAp An 

cSACpApAtAip AJUp AU "DeAptACAip, Aglip 1A"0 "OO but ApCeAC Af 

a mACAipe bpeAg peupnhAip pem m beit' piAX) aj; piubAt 50 cpuAib 
a\\ ipeA'd An tAe lomtAin, mAp An c-6ipeAnnAC bote pin ■oo ConnAic 
cur-A, le leAbuib Agup le ptnpeAp "©'pAgAil pAn oibce ; acc ■oo 
pACAi*oip pA ^6 niop pAix>e, 1 leAt ah AniA. Agup An cobAp piop- 
t,1 PS e P 1T1 "oo ConnAic cu, An cobAp uaC leigpeAb ua gApTiAib 
■oubA pm "oo ua "OAomib -o'ol Ap, uaC -ocuigeAnn cu gup cobAp 
ua slAn-^Aebeitse e pm, A^up cia be CipeAnnAC blpAp "oeoC atc, 
bionn pe mAp pion in a beAl, "o'a neApcugAb Agup "o'a pionn- 
fuAj\Ab. xXsup An pAigtuup T»ub pin "o'eipig i*oip tupA Asup cpAnn 
t)A n-ubAll, b' e pin An pAipiun SacpauaC, A5up nuAip buAit cu 

An Allegory. 3885 

his fill of the apples, and we stretched back on the fine, soft 
grass together, and began to talk. And I asked him the name 
of that country; "for," said I to him, "it is the most extra- 
ordinary country of all there are in the world." 

He began then to tell me the history of that country, and he 
said, " This country is an island, and God created it out in 
the great ocean on the western side of the world, the place 
where the sun goes to his bed in the night. And it is the 
most beautiful and the greenest and the freshest country of 
all under the sun. And you say it is an extraordinary country, 
but you do not know half its wonderfulness yet. And there 
are three names on it — Banba and Fodhla and Ireland." 

When I heard that I gave a jump, and I struck my head 
against a branch of the tree, as I thought — and I awoke. 

And when I opened my eyes, there I was lying on the ditch 
at the side of the road, between Dublin and Boharnabreena, 
and my friend Dermot " Ban " was poking me in the ribs with a 

" Tis time for you to be going home," says he. 

" Oro, Dermot," said I, " let me alone. No mother's son ever 
saw the like of such a vision as I have seen." And with that 
I told him my dream from beginning to end. 

" Musha, man dear ! " said Dermot, when I was done, " and 
your dream was true. A prophet and a poet you are," says he. 

" How so? " said I. " Explain it to me." 

" 'Tis on the soil of Ireland you were without any doubt," 
said Dermot, " but you were walking, as all Irishmen are 
walking, on the roads which the English made with their own 
laws and with their own fashions, and those are roads that a 
Gael cannot walk on without stumbling and falling, without 
trouble and distress. But if they leave the road of 
Anglicisation and of English-speaking, and go in on their own 
fine, grassy plain, they will not be walking hard all day long 
like that poor Irishman you saw, to get a bed and a supper 
at night, but they would go twice as far in half the time. 
And that well of spring water that you saw, the well that 
those black sentries would not let the people drink 
from, don't you understand that that is the well of pure 
Irish, and whatever Irishman drinks a drink out of 
it, it is as wine in his mouth, strengthening him and 
cooling him. And that black sentry that got up between you 
and the apple-tree, that was the English Fashion, and when 
you struck him he went out of sight, like a mist, for fashions - 
come like mist, and if a person defends himself from them they 

3886 Ua*5 5^bA: 

e "o'lmti^ fe Af AriiAfC mAf ce6, <3if ageAnn nA fAifitim mAf ced, 
A5Uf mi cofnAnn "oume 6 fern offA imtigeAnn fiAT> mAf ce6 
Afif« ^5«f n-A btAtA b&n&, Aguf nA ti-ubtA, t>o connAic cu Af 
An gcfAnn Afo Alumn, fin 6 An cofAt) aca Ag fAf Af rfiACAife 
nA 5 Ae * Al - c<x<;;c ^j ^5 u r m & fAgAnn ha 5Ae"0eil nA boicfe in Af 

CU1f «A SACfAnAlg 1AT) le "OUt AfCeAC Af A -OCAlAril fein AfA, nA 

n-ubtA fin nAf blAf fiAT) te "6a ceAT> bliA"bAn bAinfi"6 fiA"OfAfif 
50 ciug 1AT); Aguf A5 fin "owe Anoif, a CfAoibin, mAf mini $im 
fe -o'Aifting," Af fe. 

" til' AiiAm a "Oia, a "OiAfmuiX)," a^ fA mife, " ni't "oo f ArhAil 
•oe mimgceoif a\^ CAlArii nA b-6ifeAnn, Aguf An ceAt) AifUng eile 
beit>eAf AgAtn if cujyVo-fA tiucfAf me. 1f feAff 'nA "OAniel cu. 
tJfOfcuij ofc Atioif ^stif benimiT) A5 "out A-bAile»' s 

CA^5 5AtlAl 

CxMt»1T)tt 1. 

t)i Ca-Cj Ua t)f oin 'nA gAbA, A^uf bi a ceAfocA Af CAOib An 
bocAif 1 n-Aice le "OfoiceA-o nA 5 eA "° A1 $ e J "oeic mite 1 "ocAoib 
tiA^ "oo C1II xVifne. 

CeAfOAige mAit -oo b'eAt) Ua-O^. tli fAib 'nA pAffbifoe fein, 
nA b'fei'oif 1 5CiAffAit>e, feAf "oo b'feAff a cuiffeAt) cfii-o fA 
CApAll nA clAf Af ceACTDA. Ace mAf fin fein, ni f Aib CAt>5 jAn 
a loc'OAib f£m. 1f T)6ca nAf tAini^ fiArii Ia AonAij nA mAfgAit) 
nA feicfi-t>e Ua-Oj a\\ ffATO C1II Aifne, Aguf if fo-AnnAm a bi 
fe ax; ceACc AbAite cfAtnonA gAn fteit fugAC 50 leof, no b'fei'oif 
a\k meifge. T)a n"oeAffA"6 Aon'ne te Ua*05 Af mAi'oin tAe An 
AonAig, " An bfuitif A5 -out 50 Citt -Aifne intnu, a Cai-Oj ? " 'fe 
An ffeA5fA a jeobA-O f6, " Hi feA'OAf," no " t>'feiT>if -Oom " — 
'f An Am c£A"onA A5 buAtAt) buitte x>a CAftif A\i An lAffAnn no A]\ 
An mneom, Corn mAit if t>a mbeAt) fe A5 f At), " 1f mof aca fiof 


tluAif a bi Ia An ii'iAfjAit) Ann bi 'fif A5 ^At uite 'Oume goe 
fAib gno Ai^e Af An gceAfotAin 50 mb'foeAff -06 fuifeAC fA bAit 
•oa mbAt) rriAic teif a jnO beic x>^at\za 1 gceAfc. If lonrbA fgcvxt 
SfeAnnrhAf a bi Af fUAi"0 nA pAffOifoe amceAlt UAiiij ^5»f a 
Curo oibfe mAit>m tAe AonAig, mAf Af cuif fe cAifngei mbeo, tA, 
1 j;cApAll SeAgAin teit, Aguf mAf Af pott fe Af mof -ocuAtAt 
ctAf a bi Ai$e "OA c«f Af ceACT>A te 'OomnAll t]A t)fuijin. 

Tim the Smith. 3887 

go away like mist again. And the white blossoms and the 
apples that you saw on the beautiful tall tree, that is the 
fruit that is growing on the Plain of Gaeldom, and if the 
Gaels leave the roads on which the English put them, to go 
back on their own land again — those apples which they did 
not taste for two hundred years they shall gather them again 
plentifully. And there is for you now, A CtuoitMn, how I 
interpret your dream," said he. 

" My soul to God, Dermot," said I, " there isn't your like 
of an interpreter on the soil of Ireland, and the next dream 
I have, 'tis to you I will come. You are better than Daniel. 
Hurry now, and we will be going home." 


By James Doyle. Translated by Mary Doylb. 

Tim O'Byene was a smith, and his forge was on the side of 
the road close to Giddagh Bridge, ten miles west of Killarney. 

Tim was a good tradesman. There was not in his own 
parish, nor maybe in Kerry, a man who could better shoe a 
horse or put a board in a plow. But, for all that, Tim was 
not without his own faults. It is probable that there never 
came a fair or market clay that Tim was not seen in the 
streets of Killarney, and it was very seldom he came home in 
the evening without being pretty merry, or perhaps drunk. 
If any one would ask Tim on the morning of a fair, " Are 
you going to Killarney to-day, Tim?" the answer he would 
get would be, " I don't know," or " Maybe I would " — at the 
same time striking a blow of his hammer on the iron or on 
the anvil, as much as if he were to say, " It is much you 
want knowledge " (How inquisitive you are). 

When the fair day came, everyone who had business at 
the forge knew that he had better stay at home if he wanted a 
job done well. Many curious stories were through the parish 
about Tim and his work on a fair morning: how he had 
put a nail in the quick in a horse of Jack Liah, and how he 
bored altogether wrong a board he was putting in a plow for 
Daniel Breen. 

3888 Ca*>5 "5ax>a: 

fji feinmeoin beAj; 'ua bomnAit>e i mt)eAl ua 5 eAt)A1 5 e "O^nb 
Ainm "oo tTlibeAl Cnbn, acc nion cu^A-b niAm Ain Abe tTlibeAl nA 
gCleAf. T)& mbeAt> Aon jtio 45 tTlibeAl nA gCleAf An An sceAfo- 
bAin ni fAfoCAt) Aon Ia "bo "out Ann .Abe La An AonAig no An IA 
50 nAib 'fiof Aige 50 nAib UAt>5 A5 -out 50 CHI /dinne no 50 Oil 

SAn Am fo bio"6 mAf5Ab Oil Aifne An An SACAfn Aj;uf bio*b 
AonAC Ann An bbA-o t-UAti "oo'n rhi, niAn aca Anoif. 

ITlAi'oin lAe AonAig bi tTlibeAl A5 An gceAfobAm bun fnbmini 
'pA$Ail T>A mucA, Agur bonnAic re tiA nAib pumn le -obAnArii a$ 

" 1r "ooca, Uai^s," npA tTlibeAl, " 50 mberd cu An ah 

" tJ'feiTnn -bom," AffA Cat^. " fji SeAmuf CAillmnA aj; nAb 
tiom m-oe 30 mbbA-b re A5 j;a Ail roin cmiceAll An c-Aon uAin 
•oeAg, -J "oa mbA-b rhAit liom T>ul leif 50 bfAigmn mAncArbeAbc 


" tTlA'f xr\A\\ rm aca An fgeAl," AnfA tTlibeAl, ' ni I Aon ifiAie 
■bom mo 66a6x>a a bneiC AnuAf ctm e 'bun 1 •ocne •." 

" Tli'l, 50 •oeimm ; CAim jau juaI, A^ur cAieri-b m "oul a 
•o'iAnnAi"b beA^Ain 5UA1I A$uf A-bbAn lAnnAmn." 

nuAin a bi tTlibeAl t\a gCleAr A5 "oul a bAile "oo CAf fb ifceAb 
Cun age pmb O15, feinmeoin beAg eile bi 'tiA bomnArbe 1 n-Aice 
\e tTlibeAl rem. 

" Ca nAOAir, a tilicil ? " AnfA piUb. 

" fjiof A5 An gceAfobAin A5 fbAbAmc An mbeA-b An gAbA uIIaii'i 
1 mbAnAb bun pionnAi 'cun mi' bnACA. Vji UA-bg A5 caCauc onm 
e 'bun bulge in-oiu mAn ni nAib mbfAn le -oeAnAtn Aige." 

" 1lAb bptnl fe A5 -oul 50 Oil -Ainne ? " 

" CuaIa b A5 $&•<) 50 mbbAt) lAbAll Ain An c-AfAl a bun 50 Oil 
OfglAn a -o'lAn^Ai-b beAgAn 5UA1I." 

" 1f mAi; Horn 51m gAbAif irceAb bujAm. "biof A5 cahic le 
~C&?>-5 AtnugA-b mx)e, Agur 're ■outiAinc reliom ua bbA-b Am Aige 
Aon ni a -bbAnAtn lem' tbAb-OA 50 "oci "Oia CbA'OAOin feo bugAmn. 
CA An Aimpn A5 fleAtiinugAt) uAim Ajuf gAn pumn -obAncA AgAtn. 
'Se if feAfp -bom a -bbAnArii mo bb bx>A a bfeit bulge Anoif b ca 
caoi as An ngAbA. Hi bei-b Aon'ne Ag ceAbc tuige in-om." 

"Oo -beAfg tTlibeAl a piopA, Aguf -o'lmcig fe Aif a bAile. 

tluAif T)'fA5 tTlibeAl An ceAfobA, Aguf b ua |\aio aoh ni eile le 
•obAiiAm A5 CA-bg cuAit) fb ifceAb bun b fbm a beAffAt) 1 a 
glAUAb 1 scorhAin An AonAij. til fAib fb aCc leAt-beAfftA niiAif. 
■oo btun pilib a beAnn ifceAb An -oof.vf A5 f At), " t)Ail b "Oia 
Annf o. ' 

" TDia 'f tlluife -buic," AffA Za-os, aCc ni b n-A Cforbe, niAf bi 

Tim the Smith. 3889 

There was a little farmer living close to the Giddagh whose 
name was Michael Crone, but he was never called any other 
than Mick of the Tricks. If Tricky Mick had any job at the 
forge no day would satisfy him to go there but a fair day, 
or a day on which he knew Tim would be going to Killarney 
or Killorglin. 

At this time the Killarney market was on a Saturday, and 
there used to be a fair the first Monday of the month, as now. 

One fair morning Mick was at the forge to get nose rings 
for his pigs, and he saw that Tim had not much to do. " I 
suppose, Tim," says Mick, "you'll be at the fair?" 

" Maybe I would," says Tim. " James Tailor was telling me 
he would be passing (east) about 11 o'clock, and if I liked 
to go with him I might have a lift from him." 

" If that is the case," says Mick, " it is no use for me to 
bring down my plow to put it in order." 

" No, indeed ; I am without coal, and I must go for a little 
coal and some iron." 

When Tricky Mick was going home he turned into the house 
of Phil Oge, a little farmer who lived close to Mick himself. 

"Where were you, Mick?" says Phil. 

" I was at the forge to see if the smith Would be ready 
to-morrow to put pins in my harrow. Tim was pressing me 
to send to him to-day, as he had but little to do." 

"Is he not going to Killarney?" 

"I heard him say that he should send the donkey to 
Killorglin for a little coal." 

"I am glad you came in to me. I was speaking to Tim 
yesterday, and he told me he could not do anything to my 
plow until next Wednesday. The time is slipping from me, 
and with little done. I had better take my plow to him now, 
as the smith has leisure. No one will be coming to him 

Mick lit his pipe and went on home. When Mick left the 
forge, and since he had nothing else to do, Tim went in to 
shave and clean himself for the fair. He was but half-shaved 
when Phil struck his head in the door, saying, "God bless 
all here." 

"God and Mary bless you," says Tim, but not from his 
heart, as he had a notion that Phil did not come without 
business. " I suppose you're going to town." 

" Indeed I am not ; I have something else to do besides 
street-walking," says Phil. 

3890 Ca-Os 5a5a: 

cuAifim xMge nAf cAmi^ pitib $au gno ; ~ if "oCCa 50 bf uitif aj; 

•OUl Of AH CffAlT)." 

" tli'tim, 50 "oeimm ; cA a mAtAifc T>e 5116 A^Am 'nA ffAioig- 
eACc," AffA pitib. 

" 1f ionr6A La bero cu Af CAOib An ceAtnpAitt, a "pilib." 

" 1TIA 'feAt) fern, 'fe if ceAfc "oom mo "oiCeAtt a "oeAnAm An 
pATO ACAim An An rAogAt fo, i Anoif bAt) mAic tiom "OA gcuifpea 
mo c6ac"oa 1 *ocfeo "OAm. Cim nAC bpuit cu f6-gnoCAC." 

'" 1f CfUAg tiom, a pitib, nAC fei"oif Horn Aon ni a "oeAiiArii 
text' CeAC"OA m"oiu — ni't Aon guAl AjAm, Aguf cA lACAtt ofm "out 
50 Citt Aifne "6A iAffAi"6." 

" tli gAbA-o "6U1C Aon cfiobtoit) a beic one mAf geAtt Ain ftn ; 
cA mAitin jjuAit fA cfucAitt AgAm." 

" "OfoC-CfiC one pern if tdo CeACoA," AffA Ca*&5 pA n-A piAC- 
tAib. " Ca"o ca te *o6AnAm An t>o c6a6"oa, a pitib ? " 

" UA ctAn a cun Ain, cfUAro a Cuf An An f oc, -j 6 'cun beAgAn 
fA broth UeApcuigeAnn beAgAn cfUAroe o bAnn An CottAif i 
CAicpif botcA nuA a "oeAnAm •oo'n fACA." 

" Hi l Aon cnuAit) AgAm aCc Aon fmuicin AriiAm a geAltAr a cun 
An nAnn-Aicm "oo SeAgAn SeAmuif," AffA An gAbA. 

" UA tAn mo *66tAin cfUAi-oe AgAm-fA fA bAite," AffA pilib. 
" t)i-re A5 bAinc An cfeAn-CtAif ■oo'n c6act>a ; beAT>-]\A An n-Aif 
teip An jjcnuAi-b gAn moilt." 

" t)u"6 mAit tiom, "oa mb'peroif Horn e, t»o gno a "oeAnAm uroiu, 
acc t>o fgoil cor m'iiifo nt>e nuAif a biof Ag cun iAf Ainn An n oc 
te SeAgAn t)ne^c, Aguf bei"6 lACAtt onm cof iiua Cun Ann. "Dior 
Cun cor a bneic AbAite tiom in"om o'n AonAC." 

feAn beAg CAnncAfAC "oo b'eAt) pmb O5. ConnAic fe 50 mAic 
gun a •o'lAnnAi'o teit-fgeit "oo "oeAnAtfi "oo bi Ca-Os 5 a0a > A S u r 
bi a CoCAt A5 einje. 

" 'Se mo CuAimm, a UAi-bg," An feifeAn ^a "oeineA*, " uaC 
bruit Aon fonn one m'obAin x»o -oeAnArii. t)A"6 Coin 50 mbCAt) 
mo Cui-o Air-5i"o-re Com mAic te bAinseAt) Illicit ua ^CteAf, acc 
Cim nAC mAn fin acA au fgeAt, Aguf 6 cA mo Cop An An mboCAf 
cA gAibne eite 'fA pAfn6irt>e Com mAiC teAC-fA." 

" DCau xyo no$A fu-o ; ni'tim-fe a' bnAic Af "oo Cuit) AifgiT), a 
fjAnnn oif ! t)eif te^c -oo feAn-CeACt)A pe Aic if mAit teAC,' t 
Anf' au gAbA; 

" 1f mAic e mo buit>eACAf, a tAroj ; aCc if -061$ tiom 50 
mb'feAnf t)uic fAnAiiiAinc 'fA bAite 'nA beit in' niAi-ofin tACAige 
Af ffAi-o Citt ^ifne, A5 CAiceAm -oo Cot)' Aifjro *i tdo ftAince." 

" 1f cumA -ouic-fe, 1 n-Ainm An "oiAbAit ! Hi be x>o Curo AifSix)- 
fe a bim A5 CAiceAm, a fpfiuntCigin. t)'fei"oif uaC 6 sac Aon 
§aDa beAt) Com bog leAC if biof-fA as "oeAnAm cfuit)te •oo'O* 

Tim the Smith. 3891 

"You'll be many a day beside the church, Phil." 

"Even so, I ought to do my best while in this world; and 
now I would like you to put my plow in order for me. I see 
you are not very busy." 

"I am sorry, Phil ; I cannot do anything to your plow 
to-day. I have no coal, and I am obliged to go to Killarney 
for it." 

" You need not trouble about that, I have a bag of coal in 
the cart." 

" Bad luck to you and your plow," says Tim, under his 
teeth. " What has to be done to your plow, Phil?" 

"It wants a board, to steel the sock, and to put it a little 
in the sod. The point of the coulter wants a little steel, and 
you must make a new bolt for the rack." 

" I have no steel but one little scrap I promised to to put on a 
furze spade for Jack James," says the smith. 

" I have plenty of steel at home," says Phil. " You be 
taking the old board off the plow and I'll be back with the 
steel without delay." 

" I would like if I could to do your job to-day, but the 
handle of my sledge split yesterday when I was putting tires 
on a wheel for Jack Brack, and I must put a new handle on 
it. I was going to bring home a handle from the fair." 

Phil Oge was a cantankerous little man. He saw clearly 
that it was trying to make excuses Tim the Smith was, and 
his choler was rising. 

" It is my opinion, Tim," says he at last," that you have 
no intention of doing my work. One would think my money 
would be as good as Tricky Mick's; but I see that is not how 
the case stands, and as my foot is on the road, there are other 
smiths in the parish besides you." 

"Do as you like; I'm not depending on your money, you 
fright. Take your old plow to where you please," said the 

" How well I am thanked, Tim, but I do think it would be 
better for you to stay at home than to be puddle-trotting on 
the streets of Killarney, spending your money and your health." 

" You need not care a damn. It is not your money I am 
spending, you mean little creature. Maybe 'tis not every smith 
would be as easy with you as I have been, making shoes for 
your ' crock ' out of your gathering of old iron. Be off now, 
and maybe you would pick up an old horseshoe on the road," 
and with that Tim shut the door. 

3892 Ca*s 'Saga. 

feAn-gfogA Af "oo bAiliugA* feAn-iAffAmnr 1mfci§ leAC Anoif; 

A^Uf b'peiT)1f 50 fAgtA feAn-CfUt) CApAltt Af a' mbbtAf," AJJUf 

teif fin t>o "bun UAbg An *oofAf. 

£)i pitib A5 ciif T)e gun bAin fe AtYiAb ceAfoCA An'o-A'-Cunsin. 
t)'e An gAbA bi 1 n-^fo-A'-Ctuigin feAf 65 a bi CAtnAll niAic 6 
foin 'n-A pfincifeAb as Ua*5 gAbA. 6 "o'frAg fe ^Abj; bi fe 
CAniAlt t>a Aimfif 1 gCofCAij 1 btiA"bAin no "bo 1 nAtbAin. t)uAb- 
Aill ciAllrhAf "oo bi Ann 1 ceAfOAibe niAic. eogAn 11 a tAogAine 
•oo b'Amm "ob: 11i fAib mbfAn fAilce Aige fom'i pitib nuAif t>o 
ConnAic re e A5 ceACc, Agtif ni mo 'iia fin bi Aige noitmr nuAif 
TMimif piUb -ob Af An gcAirrmnc "00 bi i*oin e rem -j An reAn- 

"OnbAinc An j;AbA 05 le piUb 50 fAib eAgtA Ain nA beAb caoi 
Aige An Aon ni x>o •beAnAm le n-A ceAb"OA 50 x>ci -oeineAb nA 
feAbcriiAine. tliof niAic teif piUb "o'eiceAb, acc bi fCiil Ai$e ha 
beA* pitib rAfCA le peiteArii corn fA"0A rm Agur 50 mbbAb fe 
A5 bneit a CeACoA teif An n-Aif 50 "oci UAbg no 50 "oci gAbA 
615m eite, Abe ni fAib Aon mAifc bo Ann. 

" pAgrATt-r-A Annro mo CeACoA," AnrA pmb, " t)A mb'eigeAn 
•com puineAb teir 50 ceAnn coij;ti"bir b 'irom, t tAf eir An Aoi*oe 
beit a ruAineAf b tA"bs 5 ADA AT1 ^a fo ni bAogAl x>b 50 bf At 
Anif pitijinn uAim-fe." 

" Anoif, a pitib," Anf a eogAn, " za a fiof asaz 50 mAit hac 
bptnl UAbg nb-bui-beAb "biom-fA 1 -ocAoib ceACc Annro, Aguf 
ni'tim a f.A*b acc An pifinne nuAif a t>eifim 50 mb'feAff Horn 50 
mbtt nA rAgrA-rA ceAfoCA UAibg bun ceACc cun mo CeAfoCAn-fA." 

" An An fifinne if con a f At a beit," Aff a pitib, " aCc -oeinim 
teAc munA mbeA"6 Aon -$aX)a eite Af fo 50 CAtAin CofCAige ha 
fAigeAt) CAbg 11a tDnom Aon ni le "oeAnAm uAim-fe." 

t)i a fbAfun fbm A5 eo$An 11a tAo$Aine. tli fAib do CtAinn 
as "Ca^s ^AbA aCc Aon m$eAn AmAin. tli fAib fi aCc 'n-A geA^f- 
CAite as "out Af fsoit nuAif "oo bi eojAn 'n-A fDfincifeAC A5 a 
tiAtAif . t)i fi AnA-CeAnAmAit a\k eojjAn, Agur niof b'Aon longnAb 
6. "btiACAitt 5fA-bniAf fubAitceAC -oo bi Ann ; nion breAff teif 
beib 'meAfg buACAitti eite mAf e fern 'nA beit 1 Uf f5ACA pAifOi 
Aguf gteb aca "oo CuinreAb AttAibin ofc. 1TlAf geAtt Aif feo ni 
fAib teAnb 'fA bAite s An oeit ceAnArhAit A\y ah ngAbA 05, Aguf 
bicoAf 50 teif 50 bAn-UAigneAC nuAif "o'f Ag fe UA-bg "Ua Dfoin; 
t)A mb An c-uAigneAf *oo bi Af Heilti big a' jAbA 'nA Af Aon'ne 
eile nuAif -o'lmtig eo$An, Ajuf CAom fi 50 finjeAC 'nA biArb. 

"O'fAf Heitti fUAf 'n-A cAitin "oeAf jfAfCAinAit. "Oo CAitteA* a 
mAtAif nuAif bi fi feACc mbtiA"bnA "oeAg -o'Aoir, Aguf b bAf a 
mAtAf 'fi neitti bi mAf beAn-cige Ag Ca-o^, Agur ni mifoe a f a*> 
50 fAib fi 'n-A mnAOi-ci$e niAic. 11i fAib Af pobAt nA UuAite 

Tim the Smith. 3893 

Phil continued on his way till he came to the forge of 
Ard-a-Clugeen. The smith at Ard-a-Clugeen was a young 
man who had been a good while ago an apprentice with Tirn 
the Smith. Since he left Tim he spent part of his time in 
Cork, and a year or two in Scotland. A sensible young man 
was he, and a good tradesman. Owen O'Leary was his name. 
He had not much welcome for Phil when he saw him coming, 
and he had less for him when Phil told him of the row between 
himself and the old smith. The young smith told Phil that 
he was afraid he would have no time to do anything to his 
plow until the end of the week. He did not like to refuse 
Phil, but he was hoping that Phil would not be satisfied to 
wait so long, and that he would be taking his plow back to 
Tim, or to some other smith, but it was all in vain. 

" I'll leave my plow here," says Phil, " if I had to wait 
for it till this day fortnight; and after the abusive language 
I got to-day from Tim the Smith, from this day forward there 
is no chance of his ever again receiving a penny from me." 

" Now, Phil," says Owen, " you know very well Tim is not 
too thankful to me for coming here, and I am but telling the 
truth when I say that I would much rather you did not leave 
Tim's forge to come to mine." 

" It is the truth which should thrive ('Tis in the truth the 
luck ought to be)," says Phil; "but I tell you, that if there 
was not another smith from this to the city of Cork, Tim 
O'Byrne would get nothing to do from me." 

Owen O'Leary had his own reasons. The only family Tim 
the Smith had was a daughter. She was but a little girl going 
to school when Owen was an apprentice with her father. She 
was very fond of Owen, and little wonder. He was an 
affectionate, soft-natured boy. He would as soon be in the 
midst of a pack of children, who would deafen you with 
their noise, as with other lads like himself. On this account 
there was not a child in the village who was not fond of the 
young smith, and they were all very lonesome when he left 
Tim O'Byrne. The smith's little Nelly was more lonely than 
anyone else when Owen went away, and she cried bitterly 
after him. 

Nelly grew up to be a pretty, graceful girl. Her mother died 
when she was seventeen years of age, and from the death of 
her mother Nelly was housekeeper to Tim, and it is not amiss 
to say that she was a good housewife. There was not a man in . 
the Tuogh flock who had a prettier stocking than Nelly's 

3894 Ca*>5 5*»a. 

feaf bA "oeife fcocA 'nA AtAif tleiili, Ajuf Af fon 50 fAib Ca*>5 
'n-A $AbA, Ajuf gAn Cf oiceAnn f 6-§eAl Aif, ni fAib leine An Cf A5- 
AifC f£m niof gite 'nA a I6me Af mAi"om T)ia "OomnAig. 

1f beA$ An c-ion^riAt!) nuAif CA11115 eojAn 11a tAojAife AbAile 
50 n"oubAifc f6 leif fein 50 mbeAt) Tleiili 05 mAf mnAOi Aige, 
^5 t1 f 1 f ^oig Uom 30 fAib fife Af An AigneAt) C6&t>y\a, aCc niof 
mAf fin T>o'n cfeAn-$AbA. Tli f Aib Aon "oeAbAt) Aif cun cleAtnnAif 
T>o "oeAnAm "6a mjm, mAf bi a pof Ai$e 50 mAit 50 mbeAt) fe 
An-leAtlAmAC jAn Tleiili, acc 1 n-A AigneAt) pein bA"d mAit leif, 
t)A mbeAt) fonn pbfCA uiffi, 50 mbeAt) SeAmuf OilliufA mAf 
CtiAtfiAin Aige. 

t)i beAg CAlriiAn aj SeAmuf, aCc bA mmice 6 SeAmuf 
•^5 An jceAf.'ocAin, a piop 'n-A beAl Aij;e Aguf 6 A5 feiT>eAt> 
nA mbuH.5 "oo'ti jAbA, 116 a' buAlAt) t)6 nuAif "do bi Ca"05 as cuf 
cfUAit) An nAinn no A5 T)eAnArii Cfut) *oo CApAill, -j, An nor tAit>5 
fein, bi An-x>tiit Aige 1 f f Ai-oit)eACc. t)i cfi f AbAilini bo Aige Aguf 
cupiA cotpAC, i ia"o 50 tein An CO5A1I An teACc r\& tTIAfCA. Hi 
nAib pilib 1 bpA"o CAn eif imCeACcA nuAin t>o bi SeAmuf CAilliufA 
Aguf a tfucAiii A5 "oonAr An $AbA. 

" t)puil cu ullArii, a tArog ? " Aff a SeAmuf; 

" CArni 1 njionnAcc -oo," AffA UAt>5 ; " ni't ASAtn le "oeAnArii 
acc mo bno^A *oo Cun onm. t)nofcuij one, a Tleiili ; ca An bfoj; 
fin mAit 50 lebf Anoif. Ca bpml mo CAnAbAc ? X\A bAC leir 
a' fgAcAn. ^noir, a SeAmtnr, cAim uttArii." 

" TIac bpuit ctifA a' ceACc linn, a Tleiili ? " 

" Tli'um, a SeAmuif, 50 pbill ; b'pei'oin An bAll 50 nAgAinn 
pem le coif tilAine Cnom, A^uf beit) a' c-a^aI AgAinn." 

" 1p peAnf "bmc ceACc lmn-ne. "Oa olcAf mo CApAll, if fe^ff 
6 'nA AfAilin TtlAife." 

" 5° f^ 10 mAit A5AC, a SeAmuif. T)o $eAllAf t>o fhAife 
fuifeAC lei. t)eAm 1 n-Am 50 leof 1 5C1II ^ifne ; ni'l puinn le 
T)e<inAm AgAtn-fA Af An AonAC." 

" t)eACA -Ouine a toil," AnfA Se\Amuf, Aguf An fiubAl le6. 

tltiAif a bioTMn CAmAll be^5 Af a' mbotAf "oubAifC Ua"05 le 
SeAmuf, " Af buAil pilib O5 umAC ? " 

" tliOf bUAll ; CAT) 'n-A tAOb ? " 

' t)i fe Annfo CAmAll beAj 6 f oin le n-A CeAC"OA. "Oo $eAllAf 
t>6, ca feAtcniAin 6 foin, 50 mbeinn ullAm T)ia C^AOAom' ; aCc 
ni \b6&?> fe fAfCA s&n ceACc CugAm Af mAitiin, Aguf me CAf eif 
TtliCil nA gCleAf "oo leigmc Ab^ile niAf $eAll Af nA f Aib Aon $uaI 
AgAtn. tji jaC fe feAt) A5Amn le 'n-A ceile 50 fAbAinAf AfAon 
feAfg-AC. TD'Afomg pilib a CeAfOA leif, Aguf if x>6Ca nA t>ei-6 
fCAt) leif 50 mbuAilfeAt) fe ceAf-oCA eogAmin Hi tAogAife." 

" RAib TTliCeAl nA j;CleAf aj An gceAfoCAin Af mAToin mt)iu ? M 

Tim the Smith. 3895 

father, and though Tim was a smith, and without a very white 
skin, still the priest's alb on Sunday morning was no whiter 
than his Sunday shirt. 

It is little wonder that when Owen O'Leary came home 
he said to himself that he would have young Nelly for a wife; 
and I think she was of the same mind; but such was not the 
case with the old smith. He was in no hurry to make a match 
for his daughter, for he knew very well he would be badly off 
without Nelly; but in his own mind he wished, if she had a 
notion of marrying, that he would have James Tailor for a 

James had a little farm of land; but James was oftener at 
the forge, his pipe in his mouth, and he blowing the bellows 
for the smith, or sledging for him when Tim would be steeling 
a spade, or making shoes for horses, and like Tim himself he 
was very fond of street-walking. He had three little tatters of 
cows, and a couple of heifers that were lifting (ready to fall 
with hunger) on the coming of March. 

Phil had not long gone when James Tailor and his cart 
were at the smith's door. 

" Are you ready, Tim? " said James. 

" I'm near it," says Tim. " I have but to put on my shoes. 
Hurry on, Nelly. That shoe is all right now. Where is my 
cravat? Never mind the looking-glass. Now, James, I am 

" Are you not coming, Nelly? " 

" I am not, James, yet awhile. Maybe by and by I would 
go with Mary Crone, and we shall have the ass." 

" You had better come with us. Bad as my horse is, he is 
better than Mary's little donkey." 

' Thank you, James. I promised Mary to wait for her. 
We shall have time enough in Killarney. I have not much to 
do at the fair." 

" Have your own way," says James, and away with them. 

When they were a short time on the road Tim said to James, 
" Did you meet Phil Oge? " 

"No. Why?" 

" He was here awhile ago with his plow. I promised him 
a week ago that I should be ready on Wednesday, but he would 
not be content without coming to me this morning, and I after 
letting Tricky Mick home because I had no coal. We had 
every second word with each other until we were both angry, 

3896 Ua-os 5-Att43 

" tlAC bf uitnn CAf eif a f A"6 teAC 50 f Aib Cun fu*o 615m 1)0 
■OeAnAm te 'n-A CeAC"OA." 

" t)iot) j;eAtt," Af f a SeAmuf " £Uf Ab 6 tlliCeAt ■oo cuif 1 
gceAnn pilib ceACc cu^ac." 

" .Af m'AnAtn -[ gAn ■OfoiC-ni Af m'AnAtn, 50 mb'pei'oif 50 bfuit 
Ati ceAfc ajac, Aguf mA'f mAf fin aca An fgeAt nAfA fAT>A 50 
bfAgAio TTHCeAt cofA-6 a -oeAg-oibfeACA. "OubAfc te TtliCeAt fein 
ha fAib Aon guAt AgAm, Ajjuf tug pitib mAitin guAit 'n-A tfucAitt 
teir. 5 An ■AriifAf 'fe ITIiCeAt bun a' cubAifce." 

" Hi Cuf pinn tAifif e." 

" 1f "0615 tiom pern nA beAt) fe fAfCA gAn belt Ag "oeAnAm 
miof5Ai-p irneAfg coriiAffAn," AffA Ca^Oj. 

" 1f piof "ouic fin. Af CuAtAi*oif cat) t)o "oem fe An "OomnAtt 
■Ruao ? £)i "OomnAtt Ag •out te foe 50 "oci ceAfoCA ha CeApAi^e 
miAin tAmig TlliCeAt nA ^CteAf ruAf teir, Aguf e a$ "out a o'lApf- 
A1"6 fAit rhonA o'n bpofCAC. 

" ' CA bpuit cu A5 "out ? ' AffA miceAt. 

" ' €Aim Ag *out teif reo 50 "oci An CeAn'OCA Cun e cuf btuine 
beA5 'fA bpot). CAmAoro aj; cfeAbAt) pAifcin nA jCtoC, -| if 
AnA-"OeACAin i tfeAbAt) te f oc aca beAgAn Af a bpo"o.' 

" ' CaiC "oo foe 'fA cfuc.Aitt Ajjuf CAf ifceAC cu rein. 1f mdf 
An ni Anfo nA mAfCArOeACcA.' 

" ' go f Aib niAit AgAc, a Illicit ; Aguf b'f eroif 6 tAim teAt- 
tAtfiAC 50 bpAgpA An f oc A5 An gceAfoCAin ; AbAif te ComAf 6 
Ouf piof-beAgAn 'f a bpot).' 

" ' "OeAiifAT) e fin Agtif pAitce,' AffA TTliCeAt, Aguf -o'lompuig 
"OorimAtt T1uat> AbAite. .ACc cat> "oo "bem An cteAfAi"6e aCc a 
f At) teif a' njAbA f oc "OomnAitt "oo Cun beA^An eite Af An bf Ox>, 1 
fti£i"6 50 nAib a t&A6x)A 50 mof niof meAfA nA bi fe. 

" La eite bi TTliCeAt a -o'lAff A1"6 rteAjjAin tAtt Af An n^ofc 
mt)uioe. CAf fe ifceAC 1 n"oofAf 3eAmuif lilAoit. t)i SeAmuf 
'n-A fuioe Af fcot Af AgArO An "oof Aif ifceAC A5 cuf cAoibin Af 
a bfoij. bi An tA 50 bAn-bfotAttAC, Aguf SeAmuf A5 cuf 
AttAif Tie, T»o bAin fe "Oe fein a peifbic Aguf CfoC f6 Af CfucA 
e 1 "OCAOib tiAf T»o'n T»of Af. "Oo "OeAfg tlliCeAt a piop A^uf bi 
fe A5 gAbAit "oA Cui*o bfCAfCAitteACCA, niAf bA jnACAC teif. Op 
eif teAt-iiAif no mAf fin vo -Ofuio fe fiof 1 n-Aice An oofAif. 
t)'f An fe Ag An "oof Af CAtnAtt beAj; Aguf a tAin Af An teAt-oopAf . 
"D'f eAC fe Af An ^CftiCA, A5 teiginc Aif 50 fAib nAife Aip. 'S 
ArhtAit),' Af feifeAn, ' 00 cuif tTIAifie Anonn me f^ACAinc a tirAg- 
Ainn lAfACc ha fu-OA fm (ah pei]\Dic) Cun ceAfc "oo Cuf A5 gof 

' "Di SeAmuf IllAot Af "oeAf^-buite, Aguf tCun fe 'n-A fui-be, 
aCc mA temi Di TTliCeAt imijte. "Oo CAit SeAmuf a CAfuf teif, 

Tim the Smith; 3897 

and I suppose he will not stop now until he reaches Owney 
O'Leary's forge." 

*' Was Tricky Mick at the forge this morning? " 

M Am I not after telling you that he was, to get something 
done to his plow." 

" I'll bet," says James, " that it is Mick put it into Phil's 
head to come to you? " 

" On my soul, and not putting anything bad on my soul, I 
believe you are right, and if such is the case, I hope it won't 
be long until Mick gets the reward of his good works. I told 
Mick himself I had no coal, and Phil had a little bag of coal 
in the cart with him. Without doubt Mick is the root of the 

" I would not put it past him." 

" I think myself he would not be happy if he were not 
making mischief between neighbors," says Tim. 

" 'Tis true for you. Did you hear what he did to Daniel 
Eoe? Daniel was going with a sock to the Cappagh forge, 
when Tricky Mick overtook him as he was going for a rail 
of turf to the bog." 

" ' Where are you going,' says Mick. 

" ' I am going with this to the forge, to put it a little bit " in 
the sod." We are plowing the little stony field, and it is very 
hard to plow it with a sock a little out of the sod.' 

" ' Pitch the sock into the cart and come in yourself. It is 
a good thing to get the lift.' 

"'Thank you, Mick; and maybe, as I am very short of 
hands, you would leave the sock at the forge. Tell Tom to 
put it just a little in the sod.' 

" ' I will do that and welcome,' says Mick, and Daniel turned 
home. But what did the trickster do, but tell the smith to 
put Daniel's sock a little more out of the sod, so that his plow 
was far worse than before. 

" Another day Mick was looking for a slaan over at Fortbee. 
He turned into the house of James the Bald. James was 
sitting on a stool opposite the door putting a patch on his 
shoe. As the day was sultry and James sweating, he took off 
his wig and hung it on a hook behind the door. Mick lit his 
pipe, and he was, as usual, going on with his pranks. After 
half an hour or so he moved down near the door. He stayed 
at the door a little while, with his hand on the half-door. He 
looked at the hook, pretending that he was ashamed. ' It is 
how,' says he, ' Mary sent me over to see if I could get the 

3898 "Ca*>S 5a&a: 

acc, 1 n-ionAT> tYliCit bo btiAtAtf leif An gCAffif, •o'Aimfi^ f^ 
cofcAn mbf bi Af lAfACc A5 a rhnAoi cun otlAn *oo "OAtuSAb: 
t)fuit eo$Ati "Ua tAo$Aife 'tiA CeAfOAise rhAit ? " 

" CA bf iof T)Arh-f a f oin," Aff A CAt>5, *| ni 50 f 6-rhilif ; " ACc 
•ni "0615 tiom gufAb 6 feAbAf a CeAfOAibeACc' aza a% cAff ac nA 
troAoine tinge ; 'f£ -a 6uit> blA'OAif rheAtlAnn iat>. t)i An ceAngA 
50 fieAriiAin fiArh Aige. t)Ab CumA tiom x>A gcuiffeAb fe r u Af 
•06 fein A5 "OfoiCeAt) nA teAtfmA no tiof aja a TtliAnuf, Ate if 
•0615 tiom-fA gun mop. An nAife "06 ceAcc "j ceAfotA x>o cuf fuAf 
Com AtCuniAin -daiii Aguf ca fe 'noif." 

CA1t)1X)1t 11. 

CAfCAf tiA "OAOine Af a ceile, 

Ace ni cAfCAf nA cnuic tia tiA fteiftre. 

HuAin t>o DUAil An beifc C1U. ^inne b'tigeAn t>6id "oeoC cent 
aca 1 "ocig SeAtnuif Ui t)f uigm 'f a Sf ait) ttuAib, Agtif niof d'^atda 
boib 50 fAib bfAon eile aca 1 SftAit) nA jjCeAfc nuAif CAfAb off a 
beifc no cfitif eile Aguf CAfc offA. Tli fAib teAt An tAe cAitce 
nuAin bi An "saVa fugAC 50 teon. 

Hi fAib Tleilti 1 bfA-o A|\ a' ffAix> gun ConnAic fi a TiAtAif Aguf 
6 An teAt-riieifge. 1f 5Aifi"o x»o bi -pi fein Aguf An CAilin eile 
Ag -oeAnArh a ngnbtA. TluAif x>o bioxiAf utlAtti tun ceAtc AbAite 
■oo bein lleitli a -oiceAtt a bAtAif "oo meAtUvb lei, Ate ni fAib 
mAiteAf tm beit a CAtAnc Aif ; -o'f An fe fein Aguf SeAinuif Aft An 
fftAi-o 50 -oci cuicim nA boibte Aguf 50 ftAbA"OAft AfAon Aft meifge 
no 1 nsioftftACC "06. 

t)i CApAitlin beAg cneAfCA A5 SeAmup UAilliuftA. t)i An botAft 
|\6ib Ajuf An oibCe geAl, •] T)A mbeAt) An beiftc fAfCA teif An 
ineiT) "oo bi btCA aca nuAift fA5A"OAft fftATO Citt Civile b6At) An 
fSeAl 50 mAit aca, acc ni ftAbAT>Aft. HuAift cAngA-OAft 50 "OftoiceA-o 
nA LeAtrinA bi "oeoC le beit aca, 7 nuAift t)i An ^AbA A5 ccaCc ahiaC 
Af An TDCftUCAllt tuic f6 Aft fleArg A "OftOmA Aft An mbotAft, AgUf 
'fAn Am C^A'OnA "OO Cuift ftUXI 615m An CApAtt Aft fiubAt. CuAib 

An ftot cfteAfnA lAirne tlAibg. "Oo fgfteAt) An -pe^ft ooCc Corn 
g^Aft fin 5Uft ftit nA TDAOine AniAC cui^e, Aguf nuAift Conn<xCAT)Aft 
e r-ince Aft An mbbtAft fAoileAt)Aft 50 ftAib a Iaiti b|\ir-ce, acc ni 


t)A rh6ft An ni 50 ftAib ah "oocctiin 'n-A CornnAibe Aft tAoib An 
botAift A5 "OftoiCi-oin nA Spio-ooige ; bi f6 Ag bAile. CAft eif 
f^ACAmc Aft lAirh An t> A ® A 'f 6 "oubAiftc An "ooccuift, " tli'L Aon 
CnArii bnifce, aCc beib fe CAmAtt 50 mbei-rj gfeibm ajac Af CAf Of, 
a Uaio5." T)o b'fiof -oofAn ; bi An $aX)A f Aite ^An Aon nib "oo 
beAnArh ir>Af geAll ai[\ a lAirh; 

Tim the Smith. 3899 

loan of that thing (the wig) to set a hen hatching in it.' 
James the Bald was mad ; he jumped up, but if he did Mick 
was gone. James threw the hammer after him, but instead of 
hitting Mick with the hammer, he struck a big pot which his 
wife had borrowed to dye wool in. Is Owen O'Leary a good 
tradesman ? " 

" How do I know ? " says Tim, and not sweetly ; " but I 
don't think it is the excellence of his workmanship that is 
drawing the people to him ; his blarney, that coaxes. He has 
always the slipping tongue. I would not mind had he set up 
at Laune Bridge, or below at Meanus, but I do think it is a 
shame for him to come and set up his forge so near to me as 
it is now." 


" People meet, but hills and mountains don't." 

"When the two reached Killarney they must have a drink 
in James Breen's house in the new street, and it was not long 
until they had another drop in Hen-street, where they meet 
three others with a thirst on them. Half the day was not 
spent when the smith was tipsy enough. 

Nelly was not long in town when she saw her father, and 
he half-drunk. Herself and the other girl were but a short 
time doing their business. When they were ready to come home 
Nelly did her best to coax her father with her, but it was 
useless trying to persuade him. Himself and James stayed in 
town till nightfall, and until they were both drunk, or near it. 

James Tailor had a gentle little horse. The road was good 
and the night bright, and had the pair been satisfied with what 
they had drunk when they left the town of Killarney things 
would have been well with them, but they were not satisfied. 
When they came to Laune Bridge they were to have a drink, 
and when the smith was coming out of the cart he fell on the 
flat of his back on the road, while at the same time something 
caused the horse to move. The wheel passed over Tim's hand. 
The poor man screamed so bitterly that the people ran out to 
him, and when they saw him stretched on the road they 
thought his hand was broken, but it was not. It was a great 
matter (it was fortunate) that the doctor was living close to 

3900 Ua*5 ^AbA: 

La'p nA bApA6 cap eip Uxe An AotiAig, Ajjup •OAome a$ ceACc 50 
•oci ceApoCA Uai*5 bi pe buA"bApcA 50 lebp. Cuip pe pgeAlA Cun 
gAbA nA CeApAige bi An-mumceAp-oA t.eip 1 jjcorhnAifte, A5 peAC- 
Ainc An gcuippeAt) pe a niAC bulge aji peAt) peACcrhAme Cun 50 
mbeAt) Am Aige A|\ peAp 615m eile x>o polACAp. 

'Se An ppeAgpA puAip An ceACcAipe 50 pAbAT>Ap po-teAt-lAmAC 
An An j;CeApAig, aCc b'pei-oip 1 troeipeA-b nA peACcriiAine 50 mbeAt) 
An -pe&p 65 AbAtcA An "out a\\, peAt) tAe no "bo tun CAbpujA-b Le 

" An pppeAllAipin pujAig," AnfA UAt)^, nuAip a CuaIa pe cat) 
■ouoAinc a -oume mutnceAp"bA, ''' ca piop AgAm-fA 50 mAic cat* ca 
'n-A ceAtm ; acc beib An pgeAt, 50 cpuArb opm-pA no ^AnocA-o-fA 
e." tluAin cuaLa 6ojAn Ua LAogAipe ca*o -oo cuic AmAC An AtAip 
tleiLU niop b'pAt) x 5° T A1 ° T& A E "oopAp age An §aoa. tit pAib 
monAn pAilce A5 CAbg poimip, acc rAn An pAg pe An cemceAn 
bi caoD eite An a' P56AI. 

" 1p cnuAg Liom," AnrA eojAn, " cur a beiC mAn 'caoi, 1 ^An 
Aon'ne ajac acc cu pern. An peroip liom-pA Aon nit) T>o "OeAnAm 

t)U1C ? " 

" Hi peAOAp," a^a Ua*5 ; " ip -ooca 50 bpml T)o "bbCAin te 
•oeAnAm ajac pern, Agup berb niop mo a^ac Anoip 6 cdim-pe mAn 
a bpuiUm. 

' An ce bionn piop buAilceAp cop Ain, 

Agup An ce bionn ptiAp blCAp "oeoC Aip.' " 

" Hi beip 1 bpA-o piop, le con^nAm "Oe ; Agup mo lAm ip m'pocAt 
•ouic uaC bpuii Aon cpAinnc opm-pA obAip a bpeit uAic-pe. PlAp 
a bpuil Aon $AbA eile ajac pop cuippeATJ-pA mo ppmncipeAb 
CugAc 5An moill." 

" 50 pAib mAic ajjac," AnrA Ua*65, aj; cup lAiriie ptAn AniAC 
A S U P A 5 bneic gpeim T)Ain5eAn Ap lAim eogAm. 

TIuai|\ bi An 5ADA 65 A5 miceACc pug llcitU Ap tAim Aip Aj;up 
A-oubAipc " mile beAtmAcc ope. t)ior a' cuimneAtn ope ; bi puil 
AgAin teAC, acc 0i eAglA opm -oa "ociocpA pemig 50 mbeAt) m'ACAip 
pb-goipgeAC teAC, mAj\ Di piop AgAm 50 niAic ni pAib pe pb- 
bui-oeAC "oioc." 

" Hi mop ip peit)ip Horn a -6eAnAin, aCc -oeAnpA-o mo "biCeAtt ; 
Agur ca 'p ajac-pa, a HeiLli, 50 n"oeAnpAinn mbpAn a\\ x>o 

" CAnn 50 bAn-bmbeAC t)ioc, a eojAin," a^a Heitti, *j Impne 
'n-A cionnACAi b. 

CuAi-b An 5AbA 65 AbAiLe 'p niop b'pA-OA CAp eip imteACc' x>6 
go "OCAinig SeAinup CaiLLiu|\a ipceAC. t)1 HeitU Ag An -oopAp. 

" CAnnor ca c'aCaij\, a HeiLLi ? " 

Tim the Smith, 3901 

little Spiddogue Bridge. He was at home. After looking at 
the smith's hand the doctor said " there was no bone broken, 
but it will be a while before you can handle a hammer, Tim." 
'Twas true for him. The smith was three months without 
doing anything, owing to his hand. 

Next morning after the fair, and people coming to Tim's 
forge, he was troubled enough. He sent a messenger to the 
Cappagh smith, who was always very friendly with him, to 
see if he would send his son to him for a week, until he had 
time to provide some other man. 

The answer the messenger got was that they were very busy 
at Cappagh, but perhaps at the end of the week the young man 
might be able to go for a day or two to help Tim. " The 
little sooty sweep," says Tim, when he heard what his 
friend said, " I know what is in his head, but it will go hard 
with me or I'll be even with him." 

When Owen O'Leary heard what had happened to Nelly's 
father it was not long until he was at the smith's door. Tim 
had not much welcome for him, but before he left the hearth 
there was another side to the story. " I am sorry," says Owen, 
" to see you as you are, with no one but yourself. Can I do 
anything for you? " 

" I don't know," says Tim. " I suppose you have plenty to 
do yourself, and you will have more now since I am as I am. 

" He that is down is trampled ; 
He that is up is toasted." 

" You won't be long down, please God, and my hand and 
word to you, I do not covet the taking of your work from you. 
If you have no other smith yet, I will send my apprentice to 
you without delay." 

" Thank you," says Tim, putting out his sound hand and 
firmly grasping the hand of Owen. 

When the young smith was leaving Nelly caught him by 
the hand, saying, "A thousand blessings on you. I was 
thinking of you, but I feared that even if you did come 
my father would be too surly with you, for I know very well 
he was not too thankful to you." 

"It is not much I can do, but I'll do my oest, and you 
know, Nelly, I would do much for your sake." 

" I am very grateful to you, Owen," says Nelly, and a blush' 
on her countenance. 

3902 Ca*s SaDas 

" CA 'f a^ac 50 mAit CAnnof ca fe, a SeAmuif; Ca fe 'na 
tuige Af. a teAbATd Ajuf cA eA^tA onm 50 mbei"6 f e Ann 30 f oitt: 
tkiAit fUAf cuige ; cAim-fe A5 "out a "o'lAnnAit) CAnA uifge o'n 

T)'f An SeAmuf CAmAtt mAit A^uf nuAin bi fe imcigce T>o gtAo-6- 
A15 Ca-Oj; An fleitti cun T>eoC uifge fUAin "oo CAbAinc x>6. " Sui-o 
An a' gcAtAoin 50 f oitt, a Heitti, a cuit> ; ca nut) 615m AgAtn te 
nAt) teAc." 

Oo fuit> fleitti An An ^cACAOin A5 CAoib nA teAbCA, acc jau 
Cumne aici cat) "do bi 'n-A CeAim. 

" Ca eAgtA onm 50 mbeAT> itn' niAincineAC^A fleitti, 1 n-eAnbAtt 
mo f AojAit ; acc oa-6 CuniA tiom "oa bf eicfmn cufa Aguf* t)o 
cemceAn fein a^ac 1f "ooca t>a mbeAt) 50 fAigmn-fe cumne 
uaic Ann." 

" CAim rAfCA niAn a bfuitim," Anf a Heitti ; " Aguf '-ocAoib 
tufA beic it>' rhAintineAc, ni niAn fin a bei"6 An fgeAt ajjac, te 
congnAtn T)e." 

" t)'f eit>in fin, a $nA"6 ; acc niAn fin fein bAt> niAic tiom "oa 
bfeicmn Cu pofCA." 

" fli't Aon f onn pofCA onm-f a, a ACAin, Aguf *oA mbeA-o fein 
ni Anoif An c-Am cun belt a$ cuimneAm Ain." 

" CAim-fe x>ut 1 n-Aoif, acc bA-6 mon An fAfAm Aigtu-o onm e 
•oa mbeiteA-fA 1 -o'Aic bi$ fem; Ca feinm beAg -oeAf A5 SeAmuf 
CAiUiiifA, ni't ciof cnom Ain, 7 ca fiof AgAni nAC bfuit CAitin 
eite 'fA pAffoifoe •oo b'feAnn te SeAmuf a beic mAn rimAoi Aige 
'nA cu fem." 

" CAim Aii-buToeAC "oo SeAmuf. fli te tieAfbAit) mnA cije a 
b£it) fe A5 pofA-o ; cujjAnn a mACAin Aine -oof nA buAib Ajuf 
teAtAnn a "oeinbfiun An c-AoiteAC An nA pn acai. An beAn-cneAbCA 
ACA UA1"0 Anoif ? 

T)'of5Ait CA-bg a fuite; 11i fAib Aon cumne Aige nA beAt) a 
mgeAn fAfCA te SeAtnuf .-oo pOfAt). t)Ain a ntmbAinc fi An 
c-auaL -oe Aguf ni fAib' fiof Aige ca"0 "oo b'feAffA t>6 t>o fAt> 
aCc 1 gceAnn CAtnAitt "oubAifc f6 — 

" SAOiteAf, a neitti, 50 f AbAif fem Aguf SeAmuf CAittiufA 
tfiuinceAfOA 50 teof te Ceite." 

" CArniiT), Af fon nAC bfuitnn fo-bunbeAC "oe '"DCAoib oibfe An 
tAe HT06." 

" go-o e An teigeAf a bi Aige Aif ? " 

" "OA mbeA-o fe 'fA bAite A5 cAbAifc Aife "oA §n6 fem, 'n-Aic 
bA Cof a -06 beit, docf A-f a AbAite tiom-f a, Aguf ni bei"oceA niAf 
acaoi mT>iu." 

" Caoi f6-CfUAi"6 Af SeAmuf boCc, a Heitti. CitteAnn cu gun 
mime a CAgAnn fe Cun conj;nAm a CAbAifc •oom-fA nuAin a bim 

Tim the Smith. 3903 

The young smith went home. It was not long after his 
departure when James Tailor came in. Nelly was at the door. 

" How is your father, Nelly ? " 

"You know very well how he is, James. He is lying in 
bed. I fear he will be there awhile yet. Go up to him ; I am 
going for a can of water to the river." 

James stayed a good while, and when he was gone Tim 
called Nelly to bring him a drink of cold water. " bit on the 
chair awhile, Nelly dear, I have something to say to you." 

Nelly sat in the chair beside the bed, but without any notion 
what was in his head. 

" I am afraid I shall be a cripple, Nelly, in the end of my 
life ; but I would not mind if I saw you in possession of your 
own hearth. I suppose if you had it, I would get a corner from 
you in it." 

" I am content as I am," says Nelly, " and as to your being 
a cripple, that is not how the case will be with you, with 
God's help." 

" Maybe so, Nelly, my dear ; but all the same, I wish I saw 
you married." 

" I have no notion of marrying, father, and, even if I had, 
this is not the time to be thinking of it." 

" I am getting into age, and it would be a great satisfaction 
to my mind if you were in your own place. James Tailor 
has a nice little farm, there is not a heavy rent on it, and I 
know that there is not another girl in the parish he would 
rather have for a wife than yourself." 

" I am very thankful to James. It is not for want of a 
housekeeper he will marry; his mother minds the cows, and 
his sister spreads the manure on the potatoes. Is it a plow- 
woman he wants now?" 

Tim opened his eyes. He had no notion that his daughter 
would not be ready to marry James. What she said took his 
breath away, and he did not know what he had better say, 
but after awhile he said — 

" I thought, Nelly, that you and James were very friendly 
with each other." 

" We are, though I am not too thankful to him as to the 

work of yesterday." 

" How could he help it? " 

3904 . U<vo5 Sava: 

a$ cuf lAnnAmn An fotAib no nuAif a bionn obAin cnom matt fin 
iT>in tAm' AgAm." 

' t>'feAfnA "06 50 mon Aine a tAbAinc T)£ pAifoe beAg CAtifiAn. 
tlAC mime to' beAt ' An ce bionn 'n-A t>foCfeinbifeAC T)6 fem, 
bionn fe 'nA feinbifeAC ifiAit ■oo nA "OAoimb eite.' " 

" 1f be^5 a f AoiteA-b, a fleitti, nA 'oeAnf A nut) oj\m" 

" Ida* rhAit Horn nwo a "CeAnAm one, a AtAin ; acc niAn a mbe ^t> 
An CAtArti a' "oorhAin aCc e fern AmAm ni bemn mAn Ceite Aige 
SeAmuf OittiunA." 

te n-A tmn fin "o'fAs Vleitti An feomnA, Aguf vo got fi 50 
ftiigeAc An feA"6 cAmAitt. 

TluAin "o'fAj SeAmuf ceAC An -$ava bi fe fAfCA 50 tebn. SAoit 
fe nA f Aib Anoif te T>eAnArh Aige aCc "out A^uf An " pAipeAn " 
•oo bneit AbAite teif Cun tleitti An $AbA x>o pofA"6. t3i fe gAn 
cobAc Ajjuf CAf fe ifceAC 1 fiopA SeAgAm An teAfd Cun btuine 
cobAc "00 ceAnnAC: 

" An fion," An f a SeAgAn An teAf a, " gun bnif ah ^aSa a tAm 
aj; ceACc 6 Citt ,dinne Aneif ? " 

" Hf't fe fion Aguf ni'l fe bneASAC," AffA SeAmuf. " fli't a 
lAtti bnifce, acc ca fi goifagte coin mOn fm 50 bfuit eAj;lA onm 
nA beit> Aon rhAit Ann 50 "oeb. O An feAf bote buAbAntA 50 
tebn, aCc 'fe An nut) if mo cA cun Ain Anoif, gAn tleitti beit 


" tD'feAffA "ouir: fern i pofA*, a SeAmuif. tli futAif no cA 
muinte beAg Ain^i"© aj; Ca-Oj, Aguf ca Tleitti 'n-A CAitin CiAtt- 

" "b'feiTiin 50 b-poffAinn," AnfA SeAmuf, A^uf t>'imcig fe Ain 

1a Af nA bAfAC bi fe teAtcA An fui"o nA pAnnbifoe 50 nAib 
cteAninAf "oeAncA it>if SeAmuf *j mgm An §AbA. 

Af feA"b feACcrhAme CAf eif goifcigce tAime tAit>5 "oo "bem 
eojAn Ua lAo$Aife Aguf a pnincifeAC obAif An t)A CeAfoCAn Cun 
50 bfUAif Ua"05 jAbA 05 6 t)Aite An Ttluitmn. Jf beA^ t^eCe 
nit ha feACcmAine nA fAib GogAn CAniAtt A5 ceAfOCAm Uai-O^ 
Aguf cAmAtt beAg A5 caihc te CAtig fem Aguf b'feit)if te VleitU. 

11uAif CAmi5 An 5AbA eite 6 t)Aite An llluitinn "o'lAfn ~Ca-6^ An 
eogAn ceACc Anoif Aguf Afif nuAif a \b6A-t) Am Aije, Aguf tAmij 
50 mime. tluAif biot) An beinc 1 "ouine aca Af 5AC cAob -oo'n 
ceme if mb fu*o "oo bio* aca aj; cuf cfe 'nA Ceite, -| tleitti 1 mbun 
a ngnbtA f6m cimCeAtt nA cifoineAt. lluAin fUAif eogAn fj^CAtA 
50 fAib cteAmnAf focAif 1*01 f lleitti Aj;uf SeAmuf UAitUufA bi 
longnA-O Aif, aCc "OtibAifc fe teif fem mA'f mAf fin "oo bi An 
f5^At nA fAib fe ceAfc "ob-fAn a beit Com mime ifceAC 'f AmAC 1 

Tim the Smith. 3905 

" If he were at home attending to his own business, where 
he ought to be, you would have come home with me, and you 
would not be as you are to-day." 

" You are too hard on poor James, Nelly. You see it is 
often he comes to give me help when I am putting tires on 
wheels, or when I have other similar heavy work on hands." 

" It would be much better for him to mind his little bit of 
land. Have I not often heard from your own mouth, ' He who 
is a bad servant for himself is a good one for others '? " 

" I little thought, Nelly, that you would not obey me." 

" I would like to obey you, father ; but if there was but him 
alone on the face of the earth, I would not be the partner of 
James Tailor." With that Nelly left the room, and she cried 
bitterly for awhile. 

When James left the smith's house, he was satisfied 
enough. He thought that he had nothing to do but to go and 
bring home the lines in order to marry the smith's Nelly. He 
was without tobacco, and he turned into John of the Lis to 
buy a bit of tobacco. 

" Is it true," said John of the Lis, " that the smith broke 
his hand coming from Killarney last night? " 

" Tisn't true and 'tisn't lying," said James. " His hand 
isn't broken, but it is hurt so much that I am afraid it will 
never be any use. The poor man is troubled enough, and the 
thing that is troubling him most is Nelly to be unmarried." 

" You'd better marry her yourself, James. It isn't possible 
but Tim has a bit of money, and Nelly is a sensible girl." 

" Maybe I would," said James, and went on home. 

Next morning it was spread all over the parish that there 
was a match made between James and the smith's daughter. 
For a week after the injury to Tim's hand Owen and his 
apprentice did the work of the two forges until Tim got a 
young smith from Milltown. There were few days during the 
week that Owen wasn't at Tim's forge, and a little time talking 
to Tim himself, and maybe to Nelly. 

When the other smith from Milltown came, Tim asked Owen 
to come now and again when he had time ; and he often came, 
when the pair of them used to be one at each side of the fire. 
They used to discuss many things while Nelly was about her 
own business in the house. When Owen heard the news, that 
a match was settled between Nelly and James Tailor, he was 
surprised; but he said to himself, if that was the case, it 
wasn't right for himself to be in and out so often at the forge 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— J 

3906 Za-6s %aX>a. 

■oci§ tiA ceAfocAn; T)'imti5 tA no "66 mAf feo t 5A11 cupAf 45 
eojAin Af Ati gceAfoCAin. -AffA Ca-os te tleitti : 

" A bpeACA cu eo$An m-oiu n<3 m"oe ? " 

" Hi f eACA," AffA tleitti. 

" UA fuit a^aiti tiAc bpwt Aon ni Aif; tli f Aib fe Atitifo 'nif o 
AtftugA'o 'nt>e ; ni feA"OAf cat> cA A CoimeA"o." 

" tli't fiof AjAm-f a," A*oubAifc fife, acc t>i AriifAf aici, nriAf 
cuaIa fi fseAt An CteAmnAif ; 

1f t>6Ca nA fAitt eogAn f6-fAfCA 1 n'AigneA*; t)i fonn if pAic- 
CeAf Aif. tDAt) rhAit teif cuf Af "oo tAbAifc Anonn 50 ceAfocAm 
Cai-Oj, aCc mAf fin pein bi beAgAn nAipe Aif geitteAt) 50 fAib 
btiA-OAifc Aif. t)i fe A5 obAitt 50 T»iAn, acc bA cum a "oo beic 
■oiomAoin n6 gnOtAC, niof b'fei'oif teif p6fA"b tleitti "oo Cup Af 
A CeAnn. 

UfAtnonA An CAnnA tA, nuAip t>o bi "oeipeAt) te tiobAip An tAe 
A$uf An CeAfoCA "ouncA, buAit eojAn cpeAfnA nA pAifceAnnA, 
Aguf bi fe A5 cuf "oe 50 T)cAni5 fe AmAC Af An mbOtAp 1 n-Aice 
ci£e nA ceAfoCdn. t)i tleitti a$ An "oopAf. 

" CAnnof cA c'ACAif, a tleitti ? " AffA eogAn. 

" CA fe "out 1 bf eAbAf. UAf ifceAC. tli't fe teAt-uAif 6 bi 
fe A5 CAinc ope. t)i lonjnAt) Aif 50 f AbAif Com f at>a $An buAtAti 
ifceAC Cui^e." 

" Hi beA-o A5 "out ifceAC Anoif, a tleitti. Ua -oeAbAt) opm.'* 

" 'tl e fin eo$An, a tleitti ? " Aff' An gAbA; 

" 'Se, A AtA1f." 

" Ca-o 'n-A CAob nAC bfint fe ceACc ifceAC ? " 

" "Oeif fe 50 bpuit x>e&X)&X> Aif, a ACAip." 

" xXbAif teif ceACc ifceAC. UA gn6 A5Am t)e." 

X)o buAit eogAn ifceAC: 

-AffA An $AbA, " CA fAbAif te feACcrhAin ? t)iof cun pgeAtA 
cup Anonn Cuj;ac peACAinc cat> a bi ope." 

" ! ni fAib pioc ofm, aCc 50 f AbAf An-gnotAC, Agup gup 
fAoiteAf 50 mbeA-o put) 615m eite buf gcup Cfe 'n-A Ceite 'nA 
fib a beit a ctnrhneAm ofm-fA." 

" ^\Cc 50 mbeAt) mo tAm bACAC f tAn AgAm Afif, Aguf buit>eACAr 
te "Oia cA fi "out cun cinn 50 mAit, ni beAtt Aon ni A5 cuf buAt)- 
AftA of Ainn." 

" 5° "oeimm, ni ciiif buA'bAftA An fgeAt A^Aib, aCc a rhAtAifC, 
A S V T 50 n-eifi$it) buf bpOfAt) tib," AffA eogAn, Aguf coCc 'n-A 

" Afu got) e An pOfAt) ? " AffA UAt>5 J^aVa: 

" HaC bpint tleitti Aguf SeAmuf CAittiufA te beit p6fuA 1 
nDiAi-0 An CAf Ai$if ?" 

" pAff A15 "oo tleitti fein An piop e nO bfeAS." 

Tim the Smith. 3907 

house. A day or two passed in this way without Owen taking 
a turn to the forge. 

Says Tim to Nelly, " Did you see Owen to-day or yesterday? " 

" I did not," says Nelly. 

" I hope there's nothing wrong with him. He wasn't here 
since 'ere yesterday. I don't know what's keeping him." 

"I don't know," says she; but she had a suspicion, for she 
heard the tale of the match. 

It is likely Owen wasn't very easy in his mind. He was 
between hope and fear. He would like to take a turn over 
to Tim's forge; but for all that, he was a little ashamed to 
admit his trouble of mind. He was working hard, but it was 
all the same to him whether idle or busy, he could'nt put Nelly's 
marriage out of his head. 

On the evening of the second day, when the day's work was 
finished and the forge shut up, Owen went over across the 
fields, and was going ahead until he came out on the road 
close to the forge house. Nelly was at the door. 

" How's your father, Nelly," says Owen. 

" He's improving. Gome in. It isn't half an hour since he 
was speaking of you. He was wondering you were so long 
without dropping in to him." 

" I won't be going in now, Nelly, I'm in a hurry." 

" Is that Owen, Nelly? " says the smith. 

" Tis, father." 

" Why isn't he coming in? " 

"He says he is in a hurry, father." 

"Tell him to come in. I want him." 

Owen walked in. 

Says the smith, " Where have you been this week past? I 
was going to send over a message to see what was wrong with 

" Oh, there wasn't a bit wrong with me, but that I was 
very busy, and that I thought you would have other things 
to bother you than for you to be thinking of me." 

" Were my lame hand but better again, and, thank God, it 
is going on well, there would be nothing troubling me." 

" Indeed, your case is not a case of trouble, but the opposite, 
and I hope the marriage will be prosperous," said Owen, with 
a load at his heart. 

" Why, then, what marriage? " said Tim the Smith. 

" Are not Nelly and James Tailor to be married after Lent? " 

" Ask Nelly if it is truth or falsehood." 

3908 Cai>5 5At>A. : 

" An tMon 6, a tleiUi ? " 

" tti'l, Aguf til t>eit> 50 T)e6 } " A|\r^ Heilti, A^uf AmA<l An "oof-Af 


An peA* CAtnAilL nion IdtiAif. Aon'ne •oo'n Heine pocAt;' 

" tD'fei'oin, a txMt)5," Anr a eojAn, " 50 x>CAt)Ant:A lleittl 

•CArn-fA ? " 

" 'Se if t;eAnnA Tiuic An teifc fin a cun cuici pern;' 1 

-Agnf "oo cmp, Aguf ni 5AttAt) mnrmc cax> e An pneA^nA £UAin 

f6 6 tleUti. tjj An pAnn6ifoe A5 niAgAt) t:a SeAmuf CdiUuinA ; 

acc puAin re rcopOigin E>eA?; 6 $leAnn nA gCoileAC nA j\Ait> no-65 

acc 50 uaiO pee punc fpneit) aici; 

C -A 5 U -A . 

AtlAi-oif — deaf nese. 
tlAbdtini bo — miserable cows. 

A? co5«.\it— " lifting," not able to lift themselves owing to winter want. 
5ac <\ji a ^e ax> or jac f.e feA-6— every second word, "one word borrowed 
If jjeAiftiT) = if seAff = if 50if.1t) — soon, very soon. 
Af rriAtiAm — by my soul. The m is aspirated. 
p<\ipe<vfi— dispensation from banns, 
mvhfte beAg Aifgit)— a little lump of money* 
Cocc 'iia 6f oi-oe — a load at his heart. 
Sean-gfoSa— an old, worthless horse. 

Tim the Smith 3909 

"Is it true, Nelly?" 

" No, and it never will be," says Nelly, and out the door with 

For awhile neither of the pair spoke a word. 

"Maybe, Tim," says Owen, "you'd give Nelly to me?" 

" You'd better put that question to herself." 

And he did, and it is needless to tell the answer he got from 

The parish was laughing at James Tailor ; but he got a little 
stump from Glennagolagh, who wasn't too young, but who 
had a fortune of twenty pounds. 


41 tin §e Ati neACt3RAis-' 

4 fti§ cA Af neim 'f a Cf ucaij; A^Ath. 

'S ^ CuifeAf CAf 1 bpeACAt) An ubaitt, 
06 ! f5feAT>Aim °f" c Anoif, of Aft), 

O if te -oo SfAfA ca me a$ fuit. 

Ca me i n-Aoif, A'f t>o Cfion mo btAt, 

1f iotnt)A Ia me A5 "out Atnuj', 
"Do tuic me 1 bpeACA*6 Anoif tiaoi "ocf aC, 

ACC CA nA 5f AfA Af iAlril ATI UA1t1. 

TluAif bi me 65 b'otc iat> mo tfeice, 

tout) mof mo fpeif 1 fcteip 'f 1 n-eACfAnn, 

tD'feAff Horn 50 mof as imifc 'f Ag 61 

Af mAi"oin "OOmnAig tia CfiAtt Cum Aiffinn; 

Tliof o'feAff Horn fuit>e 'n Aice CAitin 615 
TIa te mtiAoi pOfCA as ceitit>eACc CAmAtt; 

"Do miontiAiD mOfA "oo bi me CAt)A\^tA 
Aguf -ofdif no p6ice niof tei5 me CAfmi 

peACA* Ati ubAitt, mo cfAt> 'f mo teun ! 

1f e mitt An fAOgAt mAf $eAtt Af beifc 1 
A'f O'f coif An cfAOf aca mife fiof, 

TfiunA bfOiffit) TofA Af m'^nAm/bocc. 

1f ofm, fdf^of ! ca nA coifeACA mOf a, 
-Ace ■oiutcoCAt) "Odb triA rfiAifim CArriAtt, 

"&A6 nit) buAit AnuAf Af mo CotAinn f6f, 
A U15 nA g^oife '5 u r CAfftAi$m'AnAm. 

* Literally : O King, who art in Heaven and who createdst Adam, and 
who payest regard to the sin of the apple, I scream to Thee again and 
aloud, for it is Thy grace that I hope for. I am in age, and my bloom 
has withered, many a day am I going astray, I have fallen into sin more 
than nine fathoms (deep), but the graces are in the hands of the Lamb. 

When I was young, evil were my accomplishments, great was my 



[Prom Douglas Hyde's edition of " Songs ascribed to Raftery," page 356.] 

O King of Heaven, who didst create 

The man who ate of that sad tree, 
To Thee I cry, oh turn Thy face, 

Show heavenly grace this day to me 


Though shed be now our bloom of youth. 
And though in truth our sense be dull, 

Though fallen in sin and shame I am, 
Yet God the Lamb is merciful. 

When I was young my ways were evil, 
Caught by the devil I went astray ; 

On sacred mornings I sought not Mass, 
But I sought, alas! to drink and play. 

Married or single, grave or gay, 
Each in her way was loved by me, 

I shunned not the senses' sinful sway, 
I shunned not the body's mastery. 

From the sin of the apple, the crime of two, 
Our virtues are few, our lusts run free, 

For my riotous appetite Christ alone 

From His mercy's throne can pardon me. 

Ah, many a crime has indeed been mine, 
But grant to me time to repent the whole, 

Still torture my body and bruise it sorely, 
Thou King of Glory, but save the soul. 

delight in quarrels and rows. I greatly preferred playing or drinking 
on a Sunday morning to going to Mass. I did not like better to pit 
beside a young girl than by a married woman on a rambling-visit awhile. 
To great oaths (I was) given, and lustfulness and drunkenness, I did not 
let (pass) me by. The sin of the apple, my destruction and my grief ! 
it is that which destroyed the world on account of two. Since gluttony 
is a crime I am down (fallen) unless Jesus shall have mercy on my poor 

3912 xNitnige An UeACunAi§: 

T)'eAlAi$ An 14 A*f nion C65 me An t;At; 

tlo gun ieeA*t ati bAnn Ann An cuin c<J*ofiitj 
Ace a xSin , o-ni$ An Ceinc, Anoir nenO mo C&n 

/A'f te rr ut "■* ^snArA £tiuC mo full: 

1f te x>o $nArA -oo gtAn cu tTlAine, 

A't fAon cu "O-A1D1-0 "oo nmne An Aicni$e, 

T)o cuj; cu TTlAoire flAn o'n mbACAt), 

'S ca cnocutjAt) lAi-oin gun fAon cu An SA-oui-Oe: 

tTlAn Tf peACAC me nac n"oeAnn.a rcOn; 

Ha rolAr mOn 'oo "Oia tiA ttluine, 
/Ace -pat mo bnbm cd mo CoTneACA noriiAm, 

TT1a|\ feoil me An peon An An meAn ir puix>e. 

A R15 nA 5*-bine CA tAn "oe gnArA, 
'S cu nmne beoin a't p'on "oe'n uirje; 

te beAgAn AnAin t»o niAn cu An rluAt;, 
00 ! pneAfOAil poin Agur ftAnAij mTre: 

O a fofA Cniore a "o'pulAing An pAir, 
A'f "oo At>tACAt>, mAn "oo bi cu umAt; 

Cuimm cuimmt)* m'AnAmA An *oo rgAC, 
.A'r An uAin mo bAir nA CAbAip. VAtn cut: 

A "DAinniogAm pAnjvtATr, mAtAip. a 1 ? mAi§T>eAn, 
SjaCau tia ngnAfA, AingeAt A'r nAom, 

Cuijum corAinc m'AnAmA An x>o lAim, 
O CO5 mo pAinc, 'r beit> me fAon. 

* "CutTnfu-6" 1 jjConnACCAiti, 1 n-«MC "comAifice," .7. ■of-oiotin. 

It is on me, alas! that the great crimes are, but I shall reject them if 
I live for a while (l° n ger), beat down everything upon my body yet, O 
King of Glory, but save my soul. The day has stolen away, and I have 
not raised the hedge, until the crop in which Thou delightedst was 
eaten. But, O High King of the Right, settle my case, and with the 
flood of graces wet mine eye. It was by Thy graces Thou didst cleanse 
Mary, and didst save David who made repentance, and Thou broughtest 
Moses safe from drowning, and, O Merciful Christ, rescue me. For I 

Rafterifs Repentance. 3913 

The day is now passed, yet the fence not made, 

The crop is betrayed, with its guardian by ; 
O King of the Right, forgive my case, 

With the tears of grace bedew mine eye. 

In the flood of Thy grace was Mary laved, 
And David was saved upon due repentance, 

And Moses was brought through the drowning sea, 
— O Christ, upon me pass gracious sentence. 

For I am a sinner who set no store 
By holy lore, by Christ or Mary ; 

I rushed my bark through the wildest sea, 
With the sails set free, unwise, unwary. 

O King of Glory, O Lord divine, 

Who madest wine of the common water, 

Who thousands hast fed with a little bread, 
Must I be led to the pen of slaughter ! 

Jesus Christ — to the Father's will 
Submissive still — who wast dead and buried, 

1 place myself in Thy gracious hands 

Ere to unknown lands my soul be ferry'd. 

Queen of Paradise, mother, maiden, 
Mirror of graces, angel and saint, 

1 lay my soul at thy feet, grief-laden, 
And I make to Mary my humble plaint. 

&m a sinner who never made a store, or (gave) great satisfaction to God 
or to Mary, but, cause of my grief ! my crimes are before me, since I 
Bailed my scud (aliter score) upon the longest finger {i.e., put things off). 

O King of Glory, who art full of grace, it was Thou who madest 
beoir and wine of the water ; with a little bread Thou didst provide 
for the multitude, oh, attend to, help, and save me. Jesus Christ, 
who didst suffer the passion and wast buried, because Thou wast humble, 
I placo the shelter of my soul under Thy protection, and at the hour of 
my death turn not Thy back upon me. 

3914 Aicm£e An ReACunAi$: 

'tloif ca me i n-Aoir *f &V bnuAC ah bAip, 
'S if seAfp An rP^r 5° "oceigim i n-uin, 

Ace in peAnn 50 -oeineAnnAC nA 50 bnAc, 
Asuf puASfAim pAinc An Ri$ nA n"Out: 

1f cuAille gAn thAic me 1 scoinneAtl fail* 
tlo if copmnL be bAT> m6 a CAitt A fciun, 

"Do bnirpfoe AfceA6 a n-A§Ai"6 CAnnAij; 'f a 'bpnAi$1 
*S "oo bei"oeAt> "oa bAtA-6 'rnA conncAib puAji'.J 

A forA Cniorc a puAin bir "Oia n-Aome, 
A "o'eini§ A|\if Ann t>o ni$ gAn to6c, 

11ac cu tug An crli$e le Aitmge "oo -oeAnArii, 
'S nAC beAS An rmuAineA-o •oo ninneAf one ! 

T)o eAnlA, An "ocur, mile 'r ode 5ceu"o,- 

An pee 50 beACc, 1 5ceAn.11 An ■oo-'oeAS, 

O'n Am tuinlmg Cniorc x>o neub An geACAi-o, 

50 t)ci An bliA-oAin a n-oeAnnAit) ReACcunAig An Aitnige. 

* Aliter, "If cuAille con me 1 n-eA"OAn fAit," G. 

■j- =p<iiji}\5e. Aliter, " Ap bjtuAC tiA tjtA." 

J Aliter, "oeit>eAT> 'j;a bACA-6 'f a cAittpeA-6 a rnim "; aliter^ " re°V 
aliter, " riubAl "; acc ■o'AcnAij me ah tine le comfUAim no •oeAtiAm." 

Queen of Paradise, mother and maiden, mirror of graces, angel and 
saint, I place the protection of my soul in thy hand, Mary, refuse me 
not, and I shall be saved. . . 

Now I am in age, and on the brink of the death, and short is the 
time till I go into the ground, but better is late than never, and I 
appeal for kindness to (or perhaps, "' I proclaim that I am on the side 
of") the King of the elements. 

1 am a worthless wattle in a corner of a hedge, or I am like a boat 

Raftery's Repentance. 3915 

Now since I am come to the brink of death 
And my latest breath must soon be drawn, 

May heaven, though late, be my aim and mark 
From day till dark, and from dark till dawn. 

I am left like a stick in a broken gap, 
Or a helmless ship on a sunless shore, 

Where the ruining billows pursue its track, 
While the cliffs of death frown black before. 

O Jesus Christ, who hast died for men, 
And hast risen again without stain or spot, 

Unto those who have sought it Thou showest the way, 
Ah, why in my day have I sought it not ! 

One thousand eight hundred years of the years, 
And twenty and twelve, amid joys and fears, 
Have passed since Christ burst hell's gates and defences, 
To the year when Raf tery made this Repentance. 

that has lost its rudder, that would be beaten in against a rock in the 
ocean, and that would be a-drowning in the cold waves. O Jesus Christ, 
•who didst die on a Friday, and didst rise again as a faultless King, was 
it not Thou who gavest me the way to make repentance, and was it 
not little that I thought about Thee ? There first happened one 
thousand and eight hundred (years), and twenty exactly, in addition to 
twelve, from the time that Christ descended, who burst the gates, until 
the year when Raftery made the ' ' Repentance." 


Att CtflS X)'A pieit): 

(Leif An "ReACcyfAC.) 

CifigTOe fUAf tA 'n cuffA a$ ceAnn<vd Ub, 

Dio-d ctoitteAtn A'f fteAj Aguib 1 bfAobAf setif , 
1f seAff uAit» An CC115, cA 'n "oaca cAitce, 

™ A P fSfiob " A nAbfOAil r»A tiAoirh 'f An Cteif ; 
UA An ComneAlt te muCA* tug tuicein lAfCA teif, 
/dCc cei"6it) An buf ngtiinAib A'f iAffAit> AtCumjje, 
5uit>it> An ctlAti 'f b6i-6 An tA a$ nA CacoLcai$, 

UA An TTlnuriiAn cne tAfAt) 'f An Cbuif x>'A pl6i"6. 

UA 'n "oA Chinee ITIuriiAn An fiubAt, 'f m fCA'OfAi'o 

50 leAstAtt T)6ib •oeACtnAtt A'f ciof -oA f6if, 
'S "oA •ocujf Ai*e t)6ib congnArii A'f Cife [t)o] feAfAtn 

t>neit>' gAfOAit) lAg A'f 5AC beAfnA f6it>. 
t)nei"0' gAitt Af a 5-cut, A'f gAn ceACc Af Alf ACA, 
xXgnf ' Of Angemen ' bnthgce 1 gciuriiAf* gAC bAite 'gamn 
"bfeiteAtfi A'f Jiifyf 1 "DceaC cihfce A5 nA CACotCAig' 
SACfAnA rriAfb, 'f An Cfom Af 5ttAet>eAl. 

* SgftiobCA "mj-oeoin " 'pui ws. m&]\ tAbAiftceAji itg-ContiAdrAib e. 

t 'S e '" coirce " An c-Amm ceAjic coiccionn acc -oeif An UeAccupA6 " Jujiy " te 
'coriiApt»A," no corii-puAim, *oo T>e<.\nArii te "cut" Ajup "bjiuijce." 

* Literally: Rise ye up, the course is drawing near to you, let ye have 
sword and spear with sharp edge, not-far-off from you in the [mystic num- 
ber] " Five," the date is expired, as have written the apostles, the saints, 
and the clergy. The candle is to be quenched which Luther brought lit 
with him, but go ye on your knees and ask a petition. Pray ye the 
Lamb and the day shall be won by the Catholics, Minister is on fire, and 
Ciiis da pie — i.e., the cause is a-pleading. 

t This would make it appear that Raftery composed his song in 1833 
or 1834, since the tithe war did actually come to a successful issue in 
1835, and in the same year Thomas Drummond inaugurated a new regime 
at Dublin Castle. 

+ Pronounced " Koosh daw play," which means "the cause a-pleading." 

§ The two provinces of Munster are afoot, and will not stop till tithes 

be overthrown by them, and rents according, and if help were given 



(By Raftery.) 

(From " The Religious Songs of Connacht.") 

Rise up and come, for the dawn is approaching,* 

With sword, and with spear, and with weapon to slay, 

For the hour foretold by the saints and apostles, 
The time of the " FIVE "t is not far away. 

We'll quench by degrees the light of the Lutherns. 

Down on your knees, let us pray for the Southerns. 

God we shall please with the prayers of the Catholics, 
Munster's afire and Ciiis da pie. J 

There's a fire afoot in the Munster provinces ; § 
It's "down with the tithes and the rents we pay."|| 

When we are behind her, and Munster challenges, 
The guards of England must fall away. 

Though Orangemen grudge our fives, the fanatics, 

We'll make them budge, we accept their challenges ; 

We'll have jury and judge in the courts for Catholics, 
And England come down in the Ciiis da pie. 

them and [we were] to stand by Ireland the [English] guards would be 
feeble, and every gap [made] easy. The Galls (i.e., English) will be on 
their back, without ever returning again, and the Orangemen bruised 
in the borders of every town, a judge and a jury in the court-house for 
the Catholics, England dead, and the crown on the Gael. 

|| From this verse it appears that some at least of the peasantry, even 
at that early period, distinctly associated the struggle against tithes with 
the idea of a possible struggle against rents. Very few appear to have 
seen this at the time, though Dr. Hamilton, the collection of whose 
tithes led to the sanguinary affair of Carrickshock, in Kilkenny, where no 
less than 28 of the police were killed and wounded, said to the spokes- 
man of a deputation of the peasantry who waited on him, " I tell you 
what it is, you are refusing to pay tithes now; you will refuse to pay 
rents by and by." To which the spokesman of the peasantry retorted, 
" There is a great difference, sir, between tithes and rents ; we get some 
value for the rents, we get the land anyway for them ; but we get no 
value at all for the tithes." The incredibly bitter feelings engendered 
by the struggle at Carrickshock, in 1831, found vent in an English 
ballad, founded on an Irish model, one verse of which I heard from my 
friend Michael Cavanagh, of Washington, D.C., who was once private 
secretary to John O'Mahony, and author of the " Life of Meagher," who 
was himself "raised" in that neighbourhood. This verse struck me aa 
being so revoltingly savage and at the same time so good a specimen or 

ogig /An Cvnp "o'a piei"6. 

t)6i* A^Ainn ?aoi CtiAps pl6AfACA 'r cin-oeACcA, 

Ot a't nm-px A'f fponc -da n£ip., 
t)6i* triAife 'suf btAt Ajtif -p^f A V cnAnnAib, 

SnuA-6 'suf -ptiAf Ajjuf -onuCc Ap. peun: 
^eic-pitt ptt fAti A'r tieAtri-Af-o An ShAC-pAnAij', 
.An tiAttiAi-o le fAn Astir teAgAt) A'r LeAn (?) onnA, 
CemnceACA cnArii Ann jac Ant) A5 nA CacoIcaij', 

'S nAC rm 1 5^n bp.At>AC (?) An Cnuir tj'a ptei^* 

1r iom«A -peAn bneAj f aoi An cnAt -po ceit^te* 
O CtioncA 50 n-1nmp 'r 50 t>Aite Rotpcne, 

^gup buACAUiroe t>AnA te tAn A5 imteA<ic 

O fnAi-o ChiUe-CtiAinni$ 50 " t)Ancni t)A6." 

xXCc iomp6CAi-o An cAjvoa 'r b6i"6 tArii rhAit AgAinn-ne 

SeAf-pAi-b -an rhA-6 An ctAn tia n-iminte, 

DA tipeicpinn-pe An nApA o pnopxlAinse 50 thonnA 'np\A 
Snemnpmn 50 "oeirhin An Cnuip "o'a pL6i"6; 

* t&X)M\\teA\i Ati p ocaI po mAf " tlicce." 1p pocal coir6ionn 1 jConnAccAit) e. 
1p lonnAtin "bi pe reilgce " Ajtip " ChuAi'O bjieiceAtiinAp iia cuipte 'tiA ajai-6." 

Irish vowel-rhyming, that it were a pity not to preserve it. It runs 
thus, as well as I can remember it — 


" Oh, who could desire to see better sporting, 

Than the peelers groping among the rocks, 
With skulls all fractured, and eyeballs broken, 

Their fine long noses and ears cut off! 
Their roguish sergeant with heart so hardened, 

May thank his heels that so nimbly ran, 
But all that's past is but a token , 

To what we'll show them at Slieve-na-man !" 

It is worth mentioning that the Kilkenny peasants who made this 
desperate attack gave their words of command in Irish, and, no doubt, 
felt that they were the " Gael " once more attacking the " Gall. 

The " Quis dd P#." 3919 

When Easter arrives we'll have mirth and revelry,* 

Eating and drinking, and sport, and play, 
Beautiful flowers, and trees, and foliage, 

Dew on the grass through the live-long day.f 
We'll set in amaze the Gall and the Sassenach, 
Thronging the ways they will all fly back again, 
Our fires shall blaze to the halls of the firmament, 

Kindling the chorus of Cuis da pie. 

rThere are many fine men at this moment a-pining 
From Ennis to Cork, and the town of Roscrea, 
And many a Whiteboy in terror a-flying 

From the streets of Kilkenny to Bantry Bay. 
But there's change on the cards and we'll now take a hand again, 
Our trumps show large, let us play them manfully, 
Boys, when ye charge them from Birr into Waterford, 
It is I who shall lilt for you the Cuis da pie. + 

Joseph Sheridan Lefanu, almost the best of our Anglo-Irish novelists, 
prophesied of the landlords who looked on quiescent during the tithe 
war : " Never mind, their time will come ; rents will be attacked aa 
tithes are now, with the same machinery and with like success/' " His 
prophecy," says his brother, W. R. Lefanu, "was laughed at." Long 
after, one who had heard him said to him, " Well, Lefanu, your rent 
war hasn't come." Ail he said was, " 'Twill come, and soon, too," as 
it did. 

* By Easter we shall have revelry and company, drinking and playing, 
and sport according ; there shall be beauty and blossom and growth on 
trees, fairness and fineness and dew upon the grass. Ye shall see 
falling-off and contempt on the Sassenachs, our enemy precipitated, and 
overthrow and defeat (?) upon them, bonfires in every art, (i.e., point of 
the compass) for the Catholics, and is not that, and nothing over, the 
Cuis da pie. 

t The Celtic imagination of this verse, and its " revolt against the 
despotism of fact," is characteristic in the highest degree of the Irish 

I There is many a fine man at this time sentenced, from Cork to Ennis 
and the town of Roscrea, and White Boys wandering, and departing from 
the street of Kilkenny to Bantry Bay. But the cards shall turn, and 
we shall have a good hand ; the trump shall stand on the board we play 
at. If I were to see the race on them [i.e., them driven to fly] from 
Waterford to Birr, I would sing you indeed the Cuis da pie. 

3920 -An Cuip t>'a pteiT), 

6ifi$i*e fttAf, &'r 5tuAifit>e wle, 

C4i"6i'0e An ^n gcnoc A^uf 5tACAi£ ttun ngteuf, 
A5 "Oia zA tia Sf^f^ A 'f * 61 "6 p6 'ti t>un scm^oeACCA, 

t)iot) A5A1O meirneAC, if ftneA^; An rjjeul, e. 
gnotoCAi'O fit) An tA Ann 5AC .difvo "oe SriAcpAnAij;', 
DuAititt An ctAf. 'r 061*6 nA CAfOAit) ceAcc cii^aiD, 
OtAi'Oe Af lAitft, Anoif, flAmce RAipcep.1t>, 

'S 6 CtuppeAt) t)Aoit> bAitl an An gCuip x>'a pleit>s 

* Rise up and proceed all of you, come upon the hill and take your 
equipment, God has the graces, and He shall be in your company. Let 
ye havj courage; it is a fine story [I have to tell you], ye shall gain the 

The " Ctiis da Pie." 3921 

Up then and come in the might of your thousands, 

Stand on the hills with your weapons to slay ; 
God is around us and in our company, 
Be not afraid of their might this day. 
Our band is victorious, their cards are valueless, 
Our victory glorious, we'll smash the Sassenachs, 
Now drink ye in chorus, "Long life to Raftery," 
For it'a he who could sing you the Cuis di pje.* 

day in every quarter from the Sassenachs. Strike ye the board and the 
cards will be coming to you. Drink out of hand now a health to 
Raftery ; it is he who would put success for you on the Cuis da pie. 

is v^t)<A o ctnRe^O s1osj 

(letr An fleACcunAC.) 

1f ip&x>A 6 cuineAt) fiof 50 •ociucjMt) r6 'f An crAogAt 

50 n"o6incpit)e pint 'f 5° n-oeunpArOe pteuCcA, 
*Oo nein mAp pspiob nA nAoith l mbliAt>Ain An IIaoi* cA 'n 

tTlA $6iUimi"o "oo'n pspiopcinn tiAom tA; 
An bAUA tteuncAp puAp m pAnAnn p6 a bpAT> fuAf, 

SsioppAnn p£ 6'n "cpoC-" pounT>Acion," 
ACc An aic a nT)eACAi"0 An c-aoI m CopoCAi-O cloC Af Coit>fc', 

Ca An CApnAis pAOi 'nA ywt>e nAC bpleupspAit). 

1r pioppuitte peAn An Cbuipc "oo pAoileAft tAbAipc AnuAf 

ACc 'p6 rheApAim-pe gun m* nA<J pSi-oip, 
Ua tlAorh peAT)Ap le n-A bnuA6 Agup Cpiopc [-oo] Ceup An ftuA$ 

A'p consbdCAi* riA-o nA b-uAin Le ceite; 
AtfAlcpAnup 'p -opuip -oo topAig An rseut An -ocuip, 

Aguf VlAnnnAoi An c-Occ "oo tp6ij; a Ceile, 
Ace -oto$AlCAp nic A'f fuiAis An " OpAngemen " 50 IuaC 

HaC bpuAip AniArh An " conpAcpAaon." 

* 1f cofthuil 50 r>Aib An cpeAn-tAnnAmsineAcc reo 1 5-cuirhne Ag An fleadciindc. 

nuAin 6AillpeAr ah ledriiAn a neAnc 
'S An focAnAti oneAC a bni§, 
Sewnpi-o An clAinpeAC 50 bwn bwri 

1t)ir\ A Vl-OCC AgUf A haoi. 

lp coprhtnl 50 irteArSAnn re An fgniobcuin Agup feAn-tAnnAinjineAdcA le 
ceUe ! LAbAi^eeArx "bAOSAl" w*n " bAoi$eal " Ann po, a£c "nAotn£A" niAn 
"nAerheA." Da bpoinpeA* y6 •o'A pAnn tieunpA-o p6 " bAegAl " ve "bAogAl" 
Agur- " HAOirhtA " t)e " nAorhcA " ! 

* No doubt Raftery is alluding to the old prophecy scarcely yet for- 
gotten, which may be thus translated : — 

" When the tawny Lion shall lose its strength, 

And the bracket Thistle begin to pine, 
Sweet, sweet shall the wild Harp sound at length, 
Between the Eight and the Nine." 


(By Anthony Rafteky, op the Co. Mayo.) 

How long has it been said that the world should be bled, 

And blood flow red like a river? 
In the year of the "NINE," when the crimson moon shall shine, 

(It stands written in the Scripture for ever). 
The wall that has been built where no blood-cement is spilt 

Slips forth from its uncertain foundation, 
But where blood has gone and lime, it shall stand through tide 
and time, 

As a bulwark and a rock to the nation.f 

Everlasting is the court that they thought to make their sport; 

But that court can stand wind, rain, and weather? 
St. Peter is on guard, with Christ to watch and ward, 

And to gather all his lambs in, together. 
Adultery and lust began the game at first, 

When Henry the Eighth ruled the nation ; 
But shout and rout pursue that bloody Orange crew, 

Never favored by our Lord's consecration. J 

Literally: "When the Lion shall lose his strength and the speckled 
thistle his vigor, the harp shall play sweetly, sweetly, between the 
Eight and the Nine." In another poem of his called the "History of 
the Bush," he alludes to a prophecy that the " Gaels would score a point 
in the 29th year." 

t Literally : It is long since it was set down that it would come into 
the world that blood should be spilt and slaughter made, according as 
the saints wrote, in the year of the Nine is the danger, if we submit to 
the Holy Scripture. The wall which is built cold [i.e., without mortar] 
it does not stay long up, it slips from the bad foundation, but where the 
lime went, a stone shall not move out of it forever; the rock is under it 
settled, which shall not burst. 

| Everlasting and ancient is the Court that it was thought to bring 
down, but 'tis what I think, that it is a thing impossible, St. Peter is at 
its brink {i.e., by it side), and Christ, whom the multitude crucified, and 
iaey will keep the lambs together. Adultery and lust began the story 
first, and Henry Vin. who forsook his consort, but vengeance, running 
and rout [fall] speedily ou the Orangemen, who never got the con- 

3924 1f patja o cuineAt> ffofi 

A5 eifi$e "oaoio 'f 45 Untie, fmuAini'oi'd aj\ Ati fi$$ 

T)o CfutAi$ Af f at) An cine "OAonnA, 
1f lonroA con 'fan nsAOit, aCc ni Lia 'nA 'fan cf ao$aIj 

'5 u r i r beA 5 ati Caqi te' Bfuigimff feniceAC.* 

1feb6t t»o f A01L An eA^tAif tAbAifc fAoi t>u§e 

A5 cuf AnAgAit) An beACA nAorhtA, 
Ua fi 1 ngeibionn fiof A'f tuicein te n-& tAOib, 

'5 ioc 5° cnuAit) fAoi An " f epoftnACion." * 

A "OMa, nAC mon An fponc An -ofeAtn no fAoit An n'otiga'o 

50 mbut) 615m "ooiO a boCA x>o feunAt>, 
A'f thltiAm -oo tionfgAin gteo A'f t>o cuif nA jACbit "°^ 

Hi feicpit) fiAt) niof mo e jleufCA; 
t)AinfeAf clog 'fAn Roirii, bei"6 cemnce cnArii A'f ceolj 

Ann 'f 5AC beA£ A^tif [$aC] mon tf£ £inmn, 
O CAinis SeOiffe 1 5-cn6m ca OfAngemen fAoi bfonj 

A'f jAn neAfc aca a fnon "oo fei'oeA'd: 

A TofA CetifCA 1 gcfann nA feuc An tAn An "one^m 

tlAf •oiot An oeAn "o'oil tu Af Aon Cof, 
Ace tuicein 'f a t)ti$e CAtn 'f An bunA-b Cneit)eAf Ann 

11aC otc An ceAfc 50 bfui§i"oir seilteA-b. 
ITiA'f fion "oo Of Angemen ni't niAic ■oo'n Cleif 1 gcAinc 

'S& CfotujAt) Af ru"o le lei£eAT) A5 6inmn 
5«f eugcoif fiongAil 'f peall Aguf cUfeA* clAinue "S&ll 

t)'ioinpAi$ An OioblA Anonn 'fAn mbeAflA; 

* Ca t>uil rhop Ag An tteACCupAc, WAn ci'dtm'O, Ann piA poclAib Aira-§l6na6A 
j;aIU>a ro d^iocnuijeAf 1 n-" AC1011 " (= "6irinn"). nA ceut) filnoc •oe tiA 
5Aot>Aldib t)o rgniob 1 mbeuplA nuj;AT>An nA poclA ro Arceac Ann 'f jac nann, 
beag-nAC ! 

* On rising up of you and on your lying down, think ye upon the King 
who created, throughout, the human race ; there is many a change in 
the wind, but not more plentiful than are in the world, and it is a little 
way through which we might find rescue. Isabel (i.e., Elizabeth), who 
thought to bring the Church under law, opposing the holy life, she ia 
down in ohains, and Luther at her side paying dearly for the Reformation. 

How long has it been said? 3925 

Whene'er ye rise or lie, think upon God on high, 

And practise all his virtues — we need them — 
This strange world changes fast, as change both wind and blast ; 

From a small thing may arise our freedom. 
Elizabeth, v/ho thought Faith might be sold and bought, 

And who harassed all the just of the nation, 
In chains she now is tied with Luther at her side, 

They are paying for their "Reformation."* 

Dear God ! but this is play ! they thought to burn and slay, 

But their courage ebbs away down to zero ; 
Their William clad in mail, Who left in chains the Gael, 

They shall never again see that hero. 
A bell is rung in Rome, it says our triumph's come, 

With bonfires, and music, and cheering, 
Since George is on the throne the Orangemen make moan, 

They run cold in every bone — they are fearing ! t 

O Christ for us who died, we never sold Thy bride, 

Do not see us set aside we beseech Thee ; 
But they who sing the praise of Luther's crooked ways, 

Shall their impious petitions reach Thee ! 
The Orangemen assert that our clergy are but dirt, 

Insulting us since Luther's arrival ; 
May treachery and shame be their lot who bear the blame 

Of turning into English the Bible. J 

+ Oh, God ! is it not great the sport, the Jot that thought to burn ue, 
how they had to deny their vote? And William, who began the fight, 
and who put the Gael out of then- way, they shall see him no more 
prepared [for fight]. A bell shall be struck in Rome, there shall be 
bonfires and music in every little and in every great [place] throughout 
Erin. Since George came to the throne the Orangemen are under grief, 
and without power to blow their nose. 

% O Jesus crucified on tree, do not see the people put down who never 
sold the woman who reared thee, on any consideration; but Luther and 
his crooked way, and the family that believe in him, is it not a bad right 
that they should get submission. If it is true for the Orangemen, there 
is no use for the clergy in their talk, and the proof of that, Ireland has to 
read, that it is injustice, murder and treachery, and the deception (?) 
of the children of the Galls that turned the Bible over into English. 

3926 1f £at>a o cuineA-6 riorj 

CnuAtAi"6 mS, tnunAb bfleug, 5° "oaucfAi'd re T AYi CfA6§At 

go g-cuinp-Oe mAigiran teigm Ann j;ac cuinne, 
Hi bfuit 'r^" 5 c ^f aCc rseim* Ag tneAttA-o uAmn An cnei"o 

A^ur "01UICA151-6 -oo $noeAi$it> tuicein; 
Cnei'oi'o "oo'n ctein 'r nA cei-di-6 An niAtAinc fein,' 

Ho CAiUp-6 rib ITIac T)e 'r A CurhACCA, 
'S An tong t° cuAit) a teij; (?) tnA teroeAnn rib Ann "oe teim 

lompoCAit) ri A'r beit> fib piiice; 

AtcAi$i"0 te T)ia, c£ An c-AtAin tDAinctit) fiAn,' 
'S con5b6cAi"o re An nA cAonCAib ^An^oA, 
An rtiocc i g-CAt nA 1 ngtiAt nAn "Oiot An pAir AfUArii 

AgUf feAffAI-0 f6 AIIAgATO t)uf.CA1$ A'f "OAlAlg. 

O CtAnnA 5aII 'n Aj\ n-oi Jkig niAn bei"OeAt) niAt)|\A AttA An flu\o 
t)nei"0' A5 lAnnAit) An c-uAn ■oo goro o'n uiAcAin. 

^^ c ft] O CeAttAij -Oeun^At) a bpAt)AC gAn cu gAn eAC gAn 
te coit.A'r curiiAcc ni$ nA ngnArA: 

tlt't p§eAT>6in tAun nA bneroe nA jneArAi-o An-biAig a tAe 

IIac mbionn A5 piocAt) bneug Af OgT>Ain, 
A mbiobtA a\^ bAnn a meAn, A5 "oeAnbu$At> 'f An eiteAC, 

Ace iocpAi* fiAT» 1 u^oeine cinre. 
feAn 5An nAt)Anc 5AT1 teigeAn a ifiinijeAr -OAOib An rgeut, 

RAipcenit) "o'eifc le An' -oubnA-b, 
T.S] A-oein 50 ftAiteAr "Oe uac nACAit) neAC 50 n-eug 

t)bei-0eAr as pte te teAbnAib Unceinj 

*= A11 rocat b£anta "rchetne." 

* I heard, unless it be a lie, that it shall come in the world that a 
master of learning shall be placed in every corner. There is nothing in 
the case but a scheme deceiving the flock from us, and refuse ye the 
works of Luther. Believe in the clergy and go not exchanging grass, 
[i.e., remain on your own pasture] or ye shall lose the Son of God and 
His power, and this ship that went to ruin (?), if ye go into it of a 
leap, it will turn and ye shall be underneath it. 

How long has it been said? 392 7 

I heard, if it be true, a rumor strange and new, 

That they mean to plant schools in each corner; 
The plan is for our scaith, to steal away our faith, 

And to train up the spy and suborner. 
Our clergy's word is good, oh seek no other food, 

Our church has God's own arm round her ; 
But if ye will embark on this vessel in the dark, 

It shall turn in the sea and founder.* 

But thanks be to the Lord, Father Bartley is our sword, 

Set fast in our midst as a nail is; 
'Tis he shall guard the sheep, his clan was not for sleep, 

He will stand against the Burkes and the Dalys.t 
The Gall is on our tracks, like wolves that rage in packs, 

They seek to tear the lamb from the mother ; 
But O'Kelly is our hound, and to hunt them he is bound, 

Till we see them fall to tear one another. J 

The man who weaves our frieze, the cobbler who tells lies, 

They read learned authors now ! — cause for laughter — 
Their Bible on their lips and at their finger tips! 

But they'll pay for it all hereafter. 
A blind unlettered man expounds to you his plan, 

Raftery, whose heart in him is burning, 
Who bids ye all to know that none to heaven can go 

On the strength of their Luther's learning. § 

+ The Dalys of Dunsandle, no doubt. 

t Render thanks to God, Father Bartley [i.e., Bartholomew] is in the 
West, and he will keep guard over the sheep, he is of the race that in 
battle or conflict never sold the passion [perhaps a mistake for " sold the 
pass "], and he will stand against Burkes and Dalys. The children of the 
Gall are after us, as it were wolves upon the mountains, that would 
be seeking to steal t>he lamb from the mother; but O'Kelly will hunt 
them without hound, horse, or bridle, by the will and the power of the 
King of the Graces. 

§ There is not a weaver of lawn or frieze, or a cobbler after his day, 
that does not be picking lies out of authors, their Bible on the top of 
their fingers, assuring and perjuring; but they shall p«.y at the end of 
the case. A man without sight, without learning [it is] who expounds 
to you the story, Raftery, who listened to all that was said, and who 
says that to the heaven of God no one 6hall ever go who will be pleading 
with the books of Luther. 


tnAtttiSA'O An t)Cem An Sacsaiiai£>3 

(Leif An "ng^Ag^n glAf.") 

A "OlA gUtt 501|M"0 

An UAin 'f An LA 
A bpeicpmiTO SACfAn<* 
teAgtA An lAp. ! 

A X)\& sun 50if.iT> 

An IA '511 f An uAin, 
A bpeicpinut) 1 

A'f a cnoi'be-fe 50 puAf. 

50 puAf. A'r 50 cnAptA, 
'S i cnAi-Oce j;An bni$j 

5^n con Ann a LAtfiAib 
5An con Ann a cnoi"Oe: 

t)Ainnio$Ain bi innci,- 
bAinnio$Am $An bpAn,- 

A6c bAinpimiT) -oi-pe 
50 poilt a cnOm. 

t)6i"6 An bAmniot;Ain AUiinn 
50 cp.Ai'oce A'f 50 -ouDac, 

Oin geoDAit) fi CUIdUgAt) 
An Ia fin, A'f tuAC ; 

tuAC nA fOlA ' 

t)o "Ooinc fi 'nA ffut,- 

puiL nA opeAf bxin 

Agnf puil nA opeAf "out) ; 

Iuac tia gcfoi-Oe pin' 

*Oo ofif fi 50 cm$, 
Cnoit>te bi bAn 

Aguf cpoi"Ote bi "oub. 

"IuaC nA gcnArh 

JZA "o'a mbAnugAt) Antnu, 

CnAn'iA nA mt)An 

Aguf cnAtiiA iia nDub.' 


Cuif fi aj\ bonn, 

tllAC nA bflAbfAf 

S5A01I fi te ponn. 


(Translated by Lady Gregob"? ) 

O God, may it come shortly, 

The hour and this day, 
When we shall see England 

Utterly overthrown. 

O God, may it shortly come, 

This day and this hour, 
When we shall see her 

And her heart turned cold. 

It is she was a Queen, 

A Queen without sorrow ; 
But we will take from her, 

One day her Crown. 

That Queen that was beautiful 

Will be tormented and darkened, 
For she will get her reward 

In that day, and her wage. 

Her wage for the blood 

She poured out on the streams; 
Blood of the white man, 

Blood of the black man. 

Her wage for those hearts 

That she broke in the end; 
Hearts of the white man, 

Hearts of the black man. 

Her wage for the bones 

That are whitening to-day; 
Bones of the white man, 

^ones of the black man. 

Her wage for the hunger 

That she put on foot; 
Her wage for the fever, 

That is an old tale with het. 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— K 

3930 tYlAtlugA-o An t)6ein Af. SACfAnAitl. 

tuAc ha rnbAincneAbAC 

"O'f^S r 1 ' 5 At1 PIS 
Luac nA ti5Aif5,i<ieAC 

Cuif fi Af blOf; 
LuAC tlA TTOilleAtCA 

"O'f A5 fi f a t^A-Oji 

t-UAC tlA TTDlbljACeAC 
CAlt fi Af f An. 

l,UAC tlA tl-lTT01AHA6 
(UfUA$ A 5CAf), 

Luac nA n-AifficeA<5 
Cuif fi Cum bAifs 

1«a6 ha n-€ifeAnnA6 
06Af fi An cf oif, 

1.uac 5AC emit) 

"O'a tToeAnnAit) fi f5fiof« 

1,uac tiA trultiun 

*Oo tub fi 'f t)o bfif,< 
Uuac ua rnitUun 

"JTA OCfUf AtlOlf.' 

A ti$eAf nA 50 -ocuiciti 
Af mullAC a cinn 


i "Do tuic le n-A Unti. 

ttlAtlACC tlA fUAfAC 

A'f itiaIIacc nA tnbeAg, 
IYIaLIacc nA n-Anbf Ann,- 
xVf mAltAcc tlA tAgJ 

Hi 6ifceAnn An OgeAfnA 
te triAlLACC nA mon, 

Ate CifCfit) S6 coi-oce 
le of nA f A01 tieoif. 

^ifcfit) S6 coi-oce 

ie CAomeAt> nA mbocc^ 
'S ca CAomce nA milcitt 

"O'a fjAoiteAt) Anocc. 

The Curse of the Boers on England. 3931 

Her wage for the white villages 

She has left without men ; 
Her wage for the brave men 

She has put to the sword. 

Her wage for the orphans 

She has left under pain ; 
Her wage for the exiles 

She has spent with wandering. 

For the people of India 

(Pitiful is their case) ; 
For the people of Africa 

She has put to death. 

For the people of Ireland, 

Nailed to the cross ; 
Wage for each people 

Her hand has destroyed. 

Her wage for the thousands 

She deceived and she broke; 
Her wage for the thousands 

Finding death at this hour. 

O Lord, let there fall 

Straight down on her head 
The curse of the peoples 

That have fallen with us. 

The curse of the mean, 

And the curse of the small, 
The curse of the weak 

And the curse of the low. 

The Lord does not listen 

To the curse of the strong, 
But He will listen 

To sighs and to tears. 

He will always listen 

To the crying of the poor, 
And the crying of thousands 

Is abroad to-night. 

3932 CurhA Cnoi-oe CAitm. 

6ine6cAit) nA CAomce 

go T)1A, c& fUAf, 

Hi fat)a 50 rnoirprd 
5aC hiaU.aCc ,0. Cluar, 

t>ei-o curiiACC,' An 14 ru 
-A5 j;ac tnle "deon 

Vons-cosAit) "do ftAt&X) 
'S ah o^Ainnse riioin. 

-Ajuf ctncpT), rriAn rh<ittACC, 
50 cnom A-p An luCc 

T)'v^5 Airnic 'nA rAf.dC 
-A'r tJondij 50 bocc. 

ctirhA CnoTOe CaiIhi; 

•OornicA-o 11a T)Ati5Aiti -o'^icinf, 7 Cxvog tU *Oonnc<y6A -do cuiji f {oft. 

/A "OorhtiAitl 615, mA teroin caj\ rAini^e 
t)ein me fein teAC, ir tiA "06111 x>o •oeAnmA'o, 
1r bero A5AC reinin IA aotiai$ ir mAfljjAi'o, 
1r injeAn TI105 5^ 6l 5 e ™^n ceite leAptA dgAC, 

1T1A tenbin-re Anonn cA comdntd A^^rn one ; 
Ca cut pionn A^Uf -oA fiilt $lAf A AJAC 
"Oa CocAn -0645 it)' cut bui-oe oacaUaC, 
tllAf D6At> DeAt-riA-DO no nor 1 ngAnnAite; 

1r -oeitteAnAC dnein t>o tAbAin An gA'OAfl one ; 
X)o tADAin An nAorgAC 'r a' CunnAiCin "ooirhm one ; 
1r cu i"o' " CAojAiTbe AonAin " An ruT> nA jcoittce) 
'S 50 nAt>Ain 5An eeile 50 bnAt 50 opAgAin me; 

"Oo geAltAir •OArivp a, A^ur "o'mnrir oneAj; "OAtn,- 
go moeiteA noriiAm-f a A5 cno nA 5cA0r.dC ; 
T)o teigeAf peAt) Agur cni ceAT) 51ao"oaC cu$ac, 
'S n! t>j:uAf\Ar Ann acc UAn a' ni6ili , o. 

"Do geAttAir "OArh-fA, ni da "oeACAin "otnc, 

loin^eAf oin fA CnAnn-reoil Aingro ; 

t)A bdiie "oeAg t)o daiIcio m^nsAit) ; 

1r ctnnc oneAg aoVoa coir caoo nd rdinnse. 

The Grief of a Girl's Heart: 3933 

That crying will rise up 

To God that is above ; 
It is not long till every curse 

Comes to His ears. 

Every single tear 

Shall have power in that day, 
To whelm a warship 

In the great deep. 

And they shall fall for a curse 

Heavily upon the people 
Who have left Africa a waste 

And the Boers in poverty. 



O Donall og, if you go across the sea, bring myself with you and 
do not forget it; and you will have a sweetheart for fair days and 
market days, and the daughter of the King of Greece beside you at 

It is late last night the dog was speaking of you ; the snipe was 
speaking of you in her deep marsh. It is you are the lonely bird 
through the woods; and that you may be without a mate until you 
find me. 

You promised me, and you said a lie to me, that you would be 
before me where the sheep are flocked; I gave a whistle and three 
hundred cries to you, and I found nothing there but a bleating lamb. 

You promised me a thing that was hard for you, a sRip of gold 
under a silver mast ; twelve towns with a market in all of them, and 
a fine white court by the side of the sea. 

3934 CumA Cnoibe CAitm. 

T)o geAttAif "DAm-fA, ni nAfl b'feTOin, 
50 "ociubntA tAimmne *oo cnoiceAn eifj; "OAm ; 
£o •ocmbntA bnGgA " DO cnoiceAn ban "OAtn ; 
1f cutAib x>o'n Cfio"DA bA bAoine 1 n6inmn. 

A t)omnAitt O15, b'feAnn buic mife ajac 

'VIa beAn viAf At uAibneAC lomAncAC ; 

IDo cniibf Ainn bo Aguf •oo-geAnAmn cui^eAn -0111c ; 

1f, *oa mbAb cnuAib 6, t)o buAitfmn bintte teAc. 

OC, ocbn, Agtif tii te nocnAf, 

"UineAfbA bit), T)ige, tiA co-oIaca,- 

f?A nT>eAnn "bAtfif a beit CAnAibe cniucAtbA ; 

,Acc 5^"° Pf ° 1 5 1 f 6 bneoib 50 f ottuf tne ! 

1f mob An mAiT)iTi "oo comiAC-fA An c-bigpeAn 

.An mum CApAitt Ag gAb^it An botAin ; 

tlion "Cfin'o fb tiom if nion cinn fe fcnob onm ; 

'S^jimo CAfAb AbAite "bAm 'f eAb t>o goiteAf mo "botAmj 

'tluAin teibim-fe pern 50 UobAtt An "UAismr, 
Suibim fiof Ag *oeAnArh buAbAntA, 
riuAin cim An fAo$At if nA feicim nio buACAittj 
go nAib fgAit An bniAin 1 mbAnn a gniiAbnA; 

Siu"o b An "OomnAt do tugAf $nAb buic, 

Ar\ "OorhnAC "cineAC noim "OomnAC CAfgA ; 

If mife An mo §tuimb a' teigeAb nA pAife, 

'S eA-b bi mo *a fuit a fion-tAbAinc An £nAb' buici 

! Abe, a rhAitttin, cAbAin me fern t>o, 

If cAOAin a bpuit ajac Wn cf AogAt 30 tein -oo ; 

6ini5 fern A5 lAnnAib "oeince, 

^guf nA 5Ab fiAn nA AniAn im' eiteArii: 

TDubAinc mo mAitnin Horn $An tAbAinc teAc 

1n"om nA 1 mbAineAC iia T)ia "OomnAig, 

1f oic An cnAt t>o tug fi no§A bAmj 

'S 6 " "ounAb An -oofAif 6 CAn eir nA f ogtA." 

Ua mo cnoibe-fe bom -oub te tiAinne, 

TI6 te 5«At "oub a beAb 1 5ceAn"ocAin, 

TI6 te bonn bnbige beAb An nAttAib bAnA ; 

'S sun bemir tionn "onb biom of cionn mo ftAince; 

"06 bAimf f oin "biom, if tdo bAimf riAn biom, 
"Oo bAinif norhAm, ir x>o bAinif im' biAib biom, 
"Oo bAir.if 5eAtA6, if -oo bAimf J5fiAn -oiom,- 
'S if no-iiiOn m'eAjtA jtif bAimf "Oia biom ! 

The Grief of a Girl's Heart. 3935 

You promised me a thing that is not possible, that you would give 
ne gloves of the skin of a fish ; that you would give me shoes of the 
skin of a bird ; and a suit of the dearest silk in Ireland. 

O Donall 6g, it is I would be better to you than a high, proud, 
spendthrift lady : I would milk the cow ; I would bring help to you ; 
and if you were hard pressed, I would strike a blow for you. 

O, ochone, and it's not with hunger or with wanting food, or 
drink, or sleep, that I am growing thin, and my life is shortened; 
but it is the love of a young man has withered me away. 

It is early in the morning that I saw him coming, going along 
the road on the back of a horse ; he did not come to me ; he made 
nothing of me ; and it is on my way home that I cried my fill. 

When I go by myself to the Well of Loneliness, I sit down and I 
go through my trouble; when I see the world and do not see my 
boy, he that has an amber shade in his hair. 

It was on that Sunday I gave my love to you ; the Sunday that is 
last before Easter Sunday. And myself on my knees reading the 
Passion ; and my two eyes giving love to you for ever. 

O, aya ! my mother, give myself to him ; and give him all that you 
have in the world ; get out yourself to ask for alms, and do not come 
back and forward looking for me. 

My mother said to me not to be talking with you to-day, or to- 
morrow, or on the Sunday; it was a bad time she took for telling me 
that ; it was shutting the door after the house was robbed. 

My heart is as black as the blackness of the sloe, or as the black 
coal that is on the smith's forge ; or as the sole of a shoe left in white 
halls ; it was you put that darkness over my life. 

You have taken the east from me ; you have taken the west from 
me ; you have taken what is before me and what is behind me ; you 
have taken the moon, you have taken the sun from me, and my fear 
is great that you have taken God from me 1 



bAti-Cnoic ei tie Arm 0$: 

(te "OonnCAt) TTIac ConmAnA.) 

t>ein beAnnACc Cm' cnoi-oe 50 cin tia n-6ineAnn, 

t)An-Cnoic dhneAnn 65 ! 
Cum a mAineAnn "oe fiotnAt) 1n a't Cibin, 

An bxSn-Cnoic CineAnn 6£. 
An aic ux) 'nan b'Aoibinn binn-juc eAn, 
TTlAn fAm-Cnmc CAom A5 cAoinedt) 5 AO * A ^ 5 
'Se mo cAr a oeit mile mite 1 seem, 

bAn-cnoic 6ineAnn 65. 

t)i-beAnn bAj\nA bog rlim aj\ CAom-Cnoic 6ineAnn, 

t)An-cnoic 6ineAnn 0$ ! 
'S if peAnnA nA 'n cin ro t>ic 5AC rleibe Ann, 

t)An-cnoic CineAnn 0$ ! 
"Dob Afo a coittce 'r bA -bineAC nei-6, 
'S a mblAt mAn aoI An rhAoilinn geus. 
C* 5^"0 A 5 mo cnoiTje 1 m'incmn pein 

"Oo bAn-cnoic 6ineAnn 6$: 

Ca SArnA UontfiAn 1 -ocin nA b-6ineAnn, 

t)An-Cnoic 6ineAnn 65 ! 
A'r F eA F ACo1n 5tvoi-Oe nA ctAoi"6peA"6 ceut>cd 

An bAn-Cnoic 6ineAtin 6§ ! 
tTl' jrA-ocuinre cnoit>e 'r mo Cuimne r5e1.1l,, 

1at) A5 5 A ^ A P° 1C ri°T F A $r e1m J 1T1 ° teun i 
'S a mbAilce T)'a noinn pA Cior 50 -oAon, 
t)An-cnoic 6ineAnn 65 ! 

1r pAinrms 'r ir mon iat) cnuACA nA h-6ineAnn,- 

t)An-Cnoic 6ineAnn 6$ ! 
A gcuiT) meAlA 'j;uf uACCAin A'gluAireACc 'nA fIao'da; 

An bAn-cnoic 6ineAnn 65: 
UaCatO me An cuAinc no ir IuaC mo fAogAt, 
"Oo'n CALAm be&s f UAinc fin if -ouaI t>o $Aot)Al ! 
*S 50 mb'peAnnA Horn 'nA "ouAif "oA uAirleACc e 

t)eit An bAn-Cnoic CineAnn 0$. 

* Composod whilst the poet was in exile, on the Continent (at Ham- 
burg), during the penal regime. The name Eire (Ireland) ia dissyllabic 
and may be pronounced as " eyrie." The bard was born at Cratloe, 
Clare County, about 1710, and outlived the century. In spite of the 
penal laws against education, he succeeded in acquiring, at home and 



(By Doncadh Mac Conmara. Circa 1736.*) 

(Translated by Dr. Sigerson in "Bards of the Gael and Gall.") 

Air: "Uileacan Dub O." 

Take my heart's blessing over to dear Eire's strand — 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
To the Remnant that love her — Our Forefathers' Land ! 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
How sweet sing the birds, o'er mount there and vale, 
Like soft-sounding chords, that lament for the Gael, — 
And I, o'er the surge, far, far away must wail 

The Fair Hills of Eire O. 

How fair are the flowers on the dear daring peaks, 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
Far o'er foreign bowers I love her barest reeks, 

Fair Hills of Eire* O ! 
Triumphant her trees, that rise on ev'ry height, 
Bloom-kissed, the breeze comes odorous and bright, 
The love of my heart ! — O my very soul's delight 1 

The Fair Hills of Eire O ! 

Still numerous and noble her sons who survive, 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
The true hearts in trouble, — the strong hands to strive — 

Fair Hills of Erie O ! 
Ah, 'tis this makes my grief, my wounding and my woe 
To think that each chief is now a vassal low, 
And my Country divided amongst the Foreign Foe — 

The Fair Hills of Erie O ! 

In purple they gleam, like our High Kings of yore, 

The Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
With honey and cream are her plains flowing o'er, 

Fair Hills of Eire' O ! 
Once more I will come, or very life shall fail, 
To the heart-haunted home of the ever-faithful Gael, 
Than king's boon more welcome the swift swelling sail — 

For the Fair Hills of Eire O ! 

on the Continent, a mastery of classic and foreign languages. Besides 
short poems, he wrote a mock-heroic ^neid, detailing his adventures. 
In his old age he became blind, and the Irish teachers and pupils In 
Waterford, with old-time liberality and appreciativeness, laid a tribute 
on themselves for his maintenance. 

3938 t>An-cnoic 6ineAnn 6$; 

SgAipeAnti An *onucc An geAtfiAn Agur v^t 1 ^ttnj 

An bAn-cnoic 6ineAnn 65 ; 
A^ur ca^aix* fin ubtA curhnA An geugAib Ann; 

An bAn-cnoic £ineAnn 05. 
"biolAn A^ur rAtfiA 1 ngleAnncAib ceo 
'S tiA rnotA 'r An crArhnA a' lAbAinc An neovn $ 
A'r uifse nA Siuine a' bnucc 'nA ftoij, 
An bAn-cnoic £ineAnnj3s; 

1r of^Aitce pAitxeAc An Six: rm 6ine, 
t)An-Cnoic GineAnn 65 ! 
Aj;ur conAt) nA rtAince a mbAnn nA "o6ife; 

A mbAn-cnoic eineAnn 65: 
t)A bmne 'nA meunA An teAT>Aib ceoit, 
Semm 'gun ge^mneAt) a tAog 'r a nibo, 
Asur CAitneArii nA gn6ine ontA AOfOA 'f 65 
An bAn-cnoic 6ineAnn 65. 

The Fair HUls of Eire: 3939 

The dew-drops sparkle, like diamonds on the corn. 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
Where green boughs darkle the bright apples burn 

Fair Hills of Eire O ! 
Behold, in the valley, cress and berries bland, 
Where streams love to dally, in that Wondrous Land, 
While the great River-voices roll their music grand 

Round the Fair Hills of Eire O ! 

Oh, 'tis welcoming, wide-hearted, that dear land of love ! 

Fair Hills of Eire" O ! 
New life unto the martyred is the pure breeze above 

The Fair Hills of Eir6 O ! 
More sweet than tune flowing o'er the chords of gold 
Comes the kine's soft lowing, from the mountain fold, — 
Oh, the Splendor of the Sunshine on them all, — Young and Old. 

'Mid the Fair Hills of Eire O! 


sexvOn A: 

(Coif via ceineAT) : pe£, Y\6^&, Jobnuic, Site beAj, Caic ni bViuAdAtta). 

t16pA. A peg, mnip p^eut "oumn. 

peg. t>'Aic bom fin ! "Inmp pern pgeut; 

gob. Tli't Aon rhAic mnci, a peg ; b'peApp Linn -oo rseut-pA: 

Site. "Oem, a peg ; beiPmi"0 AnA-pocAip. 

pes. PIaC mAic nAp pAnAip pocAin Apeip, 'nuAip bi " PTlA-opA nA 
n-OCc gCor " AgAtn -oA innpmc ! 

Site. tYlAp pn ni rcAt>pAP CAic ni PjuACAttA AC Am' pniocApj 

Caic. CnusAir T>'eiteA6 ! tli ^AbAf-fA at>' ppiocAP, a CAitt 
icin ! 

50b. P1A bAC i pern, a Caic ; ni p.Aib Aomne' t>A pniocAP ac 1 
•oa teiginc uippti. 

Site. Do bi, ApcOm ; Agup mutiA mbeiPeAp 50 pAib, ni Uug- 

116nA. AbAin te peg nAC tiujpAip Anoip, a Sbite, 1 mneOpAiP 
pi pgeut "ouinn. 

Site. Hi tiugpA-o. a l^ej, pe put> imceoCAiP opm; 

pes- mA'r eAP, puij; Annro Am' Aice, 1 -ocpeo nA peut)pAiP 
Aoinne' cu ppiocAP $An pior •00m. 

Caic tMPeAP geAtt 50 bppiocpAiP An cac i. A coice bis, 
beiPeAP pgeut t>neA$ AgAinn, munA mbeiPeA-o cu pern -j "00 Cuit> 

50b. 6ipc, a CbAic, no cuinpin aj; gut i, i beiPmit) £An pgeut; 
1TIA CuipceAp peAps An pes, ni mneorAiP pi Aon fgeut Anocc; 
SeAP Anoip, a "peg, ca 5AC Aomne' cunn, as bnAC An p$eut uaic. 

peg. t)i peAn Ann pAX) 6, -j if e Aintn -oo bi Aip, SeAPnA ; t 
5peufAi-6e b'eAP e ; bi C15 beAg -oeAp ctucmAp Aige, A15 bun 
cnuic, An CAob nA poicme ; bi CACAOip pusAn Aige -oo Pein pe 
pern -oo pein, •] bA $nAc teip ruiPe mnci urn cpAcnOnA, 'nuAin 
biPeAP obAin An tAe cniocnuigce ; t 'nuAip puiPeAp pe mnci,- 
bi-oeAP pe An a fApcACc. t)i meAtbtfg mine Aige, An cpoCAP 1 
n-Af^e nA cemeAP ; -\ Anoip -| Apip CuipeAP pe a tArii mnci, •) COsa-O 
f6 tAn a -Ompn -oe'n rhin, 1 bi-oeAt) x>a cogAinc Ap a fiiAirhneApj 
t)i cpAnn ubAtt Ag pAp Ap An x»CAOb Amine "oe Popup Aige, "] 'nuAin 
biPeAP CAnc Aip, 6 belt Ag co^Ainc nA mine, cuipeAP pe Urn 'f* 
cpAnn f au, -| to^Ap pe ceAnn x>e 'p"^ b-ubtAib, t "o'lceAp pe e — 

Site. O a UbiApcAip ! a pbes, nAp PeAp 6 ! 

peg. Ciaco, An Cacaoip, nO An mm, n6 at\ c-ubAtt, bA PeAp ? 

Site. An c- ubAtt, jau Am pup 1 


From Seadna (Shayna), by Father Peter O'Leary. 

(By the Fireside — Peg, Nora, Gobnet, Little Sheila, 

Kate Buckley.) 

Nora. — Peg, tell us a story. 

Peg. — I'd like that. Tell a story yourself. 

Gobnet. — She is no good, Peg; we prefer your story. 

Sheila. — Do, Peg; we will be very quiet. 

Peg. — How well you did not keep quiet last night, when I 
was telling " The dog with the eight legs." 

Sheila. — Because Kate Buckley would not stop, but 
pinching me. 

Kate. — You lie ! I was not pinching you, you little hag ! 

Gob. — Don't mind her, Kate. There was no one pinching 
her, but she pretending ft. 

Sheila. — But there was; and only that there was I would 
not screech. 

Nora. — Tell Peg that you won't screech now, and she will 
tell us a story. 

Sheila. — I won't screetch now, Peg, whatever will happen 
to me. 

Peg. — Well, then, sit here near me so that no one can pinch 
unknown to me. 

Kate. — I'll engage the cat will pinch her. You little hussy, 
we would have a fine story but for yourself and your screeching. 

Gob. — Whist ! Kate, or you'll make her cry, and we'll be 
without a story. If Peg is made angry she will not tell a 
story to-night. There, now, Peg, everyone is mute, expecting 
a story from you. 

Peg. — There was a man long ago and the name that was 
on him was Seadhna, and he was a shoemaker. He had a 
nice well-sheltered little house at the foot of a hill, on the side 
of the shelter. He had a chair of soogauns which he himself 
made for himself, and it was usual with him to sit in it in 
the evening when the work of the day used to be completed, 
and when he sat in it he was quite at his ease. He had a 
malvogue of meal hanging up near the fire, and now and then 
he used to put his hand into it and take a fist-full of the meal, 
and be chewing at his leisure. He "had an apple-tree growing 
outside his door, and when he used to be thirsty from chewing 
the meal, he used to put his hand into that tree and take one 
of the apples and eat it. 

3942 SeAttnA. 

C^ic; t)'f eAff tiom-fA An mm ; ni bAmfeA'b An c-ubAtt An 
c-ocnAf "oe "buine. 

50b. D'feAnn tiom-f a An CAtAoin ; ^ cuinpnn peg 1 n-A fuit>e 
innci, A15 mnpnc ua fgeut. 

pes. 1f mAit Cum ptAmAif tu, a Jobnuic: 

50b. 1f feAnn cum ha fgeut CufA, a ptieg. Cionnuf ■o'imCi$ 
te SeAt>nA ? 

peg. tA *oA nAib f 6 A 5 "oeAnArii bnbg, tug fe fe nDeAfA nA 
nAib a tuitte teAtAin Aige, nA a cuitte fnAite, nA a tuitte ceineAC. 1 
t)i An CAoibin "oei^eAnAC fuAf , -| au gn eim "oei^eAUAC cuntA ; *j 
nionb futAin "oo *out i A*bAn t»o fotAtan fut a bfeu"OfAt> fe a 
tuitte bnbg t)o "beAUAm. 

T)o gtuAif fe An mAixnn, t bi cni fsittinge 'n-A pbCA, -j ni nAib 
fe acc mite o'n "ocig 'nuAin buAit •oume boCc mine, A15 lAnnAit) 
•oeince. " UAbAin tioni -Deinc An fon an cStAnuijteonA, -| te h- 
AnmAnnAib •oo rhAnb, -j caj\ CeAnn do ftAince," Apf An Dume 
bocr. Cbug SeADnA fgittmj; do, -j AnnfAn ni nAib Aige acc dA 
flitting. T)ubAinc fe teif fein 50 mbfeiDin 50 nDeAnpAD An 
DA fgittinj a gnb. 

Hi nAib fe aCc mite eite 6 bAite 'nuAin buAit beAn boCc uime, 
1 i cof-noCcuigte. " UAbAin "60m congnAD 615m, " An fifi, " An 
fon An cStamngteonA, 1 te n-AnmAnnAib do riiAnb, "| CAn CeAnn 
•oo ftAince." T)o $tAC cnuAije Di e, -\ tug fe fitting Di, f 
■o'imtij fi. "Oo bi Aon fgittinj; AriiAin Annfoin Aige, aCc do 
tiomAin fe teif, a bpAt Ain 50 mbuAitpeAD fiAnf 615m uime do 
CuinpeAD Af a Cumuf a jnb a DeAUAm. Tlionb £ada gun c^fAD 
Ain teAnb t e A5 j;ut te fUACc *| te n-ocpAf: " An fon An cStAn- 
uijceof a," Aff An teAnb, " CAbAin "bom nuD eij;in te n-ite." t)i 
C15 bfCA 1 ngAf "ooib, 1 "oo cuai"0 SeAt)nA ifceAC Ann, t CeAnmnj; 
fe bfic AfAin •] tug fe Cum An temb e. 'tluAif fUAif An teAnb 
An c-An An "o'Atnui5 a "Oeatb ; "o'f Af f e f uAf 1 n-Aifoe, i do tAf 
f otAf longAncAC 'n-A fCntib -j 'n-A CeAnAC^ib,- 1 "ocfeo 50 "ocAmic 
fgAnnfAt) Af SbeA"bnA. 

Site. "Oia ttnn ! a peg, if "ooCa guf tuic SeA-bnA boCc 1 tuige; 

pej. Tlion tuic ; aCc mA'f eA-b, bA -oiCeAtt x>6: Ctiom tuAt 
Aguf -©'feuTt fe tAbAifc, TiubAinc fe : " Cat) 6 An f A*Af -oume 
tuf a ? ' Aguf if e f f eAjf a f uAif f e : "A SneAftnA, cA T)ia 
buTbeAC "bioc. xXingeAt ifeAt) mife. 1f me An cniorhAt) ti- 
Ain?;eAt juf tu^Aif "oeinc "ob <\n-oiu Af fon An cStArmigteonA, 1 
Anoif cA cfi gui-be a^ac te fAjAit 6 *Cma ua gtbife. lAff an T^ia 
aou cfi gm-be if coit teAC, *) geobAif iat> ; aCc CA Aon Com^inte 
AmAin AgAmfA te cAbAifc "ouic, — nA oeAfmui-o An UfbcAine." 

Seadna's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3943 

Sheila. — Oh, my goodness! Peg, wasn't it nice? 

Peg. — Which is it; the chair or the meal or the apple, that 
was nice. 

Sheila. — The apple, to be sure. 

Kate. — I would prefer the 'meal. The apple would not take 
the hunger off a person. 

Gob. — I would prefer the chair, for I would put Peg sitting 
in it telling the stories. 

Peg. — You are good for flattery, Gobnet. 

Gob. — You are better for the stories, Peg. How did it go 
with Seadhna? 

Peg. — One day as he was making shoes he noticed that he 
had no more leather nor any more thread nor any more wax. 
He had the last piece on, and the last stitch put, and it was 
necessary for him to go and provide materials before he could 
make any more shoes. He set out in the morning and there 
were three shillings in his pocket, and he was only a mile 
from the house when he met a poor man asking for alms. 
" Give me alms for the sake of the Saviour and for the souls of 
your dead and for your health," said the poor man. Seadhna 
give him one shilling, and then he had but two shillings. He 
said to himself that possibly two shillings would do his 
business. He was only another mile from home when he met 
a poor woman, and she barefooted. " Give me some help," 
said she, " for the sake of the Saviour and for the souls of 
your dead and for your health." He felt compassion for her 
and gave her a shilling, and she went away. He had one 
shilling then; still he went on expecting that he would meet 
some good fortune which would put it in his power to do his 
business. It was not long till he met a child and he crying 
with cold and hunger. "For the sake of the Saviour," said 
the child, " give me something to eat." There was a stage 
house near them and Seadhna went into it, and he bought a loaf 
of bread and he brought it to the child. When the child got 
the bread his figure changed. He grew up very tall, and light 
flamed in his two eyes and in his countenance, so that Seadhna 
became terrified. 

Sheila. — Oh ! God help us ! Peg, I suppose poor Seadhna 

Peg. — He did not, but then, he was very near it. As soon 
as he could speak, he said, " What sort of person are you? ' 
The answer he got was, "Seadhna, God is thankful to you. 
I am an angel. I am the third angel to whom you have given 
alms to-day for the sake of the Saviour. And now you have 

3944 SeA*nA. 

" A^uf An nT>eifif Horn 50 bfAi£eA"o mo $ui"6e ? " AffA SeAttnA: 
" "Oeifim, s^n Amf Af," Aff' An c-AingeAl. " Ua 50 mAii," Aff a 
Se^iinA, " ca CACAoif oeAg "beAf f ugAn AjAtn 'f a bAite, *j ah uite 
•OAitcin a CAgAnn AfceAC, ni fulAif teif fui"6e innce. An CeuT> 
twine eite a fui-Ofit) innce, aCc me fein, 50 sceAnslAit) fe 
innce ! " " fAine, f Aife ! a SbeA'bnA," Aff' An c-AingeAt ; " fin 
gui-oe bfeA$ imcigCe $au CAifbe. CA *A CeAun eite ajjac, -\ nA 
•oeAf muit) An CnocAine." " Ca," Aff a SeA-bnA, " meAtboisin 
mine AgAm 'f a bAite, i An uite "OAitcin a CAgAnn AfceAC, ni fulAif 
leif a "oonn a fACAt> innce. An Ceut> twine eile a Cuiffit) tAm 
'fA meAlboig pn, acc me fern, 50 sceAnglAit) fe mnce, — feue ! " 
" O a SneA-onA, a StieAtWA, ni'l f Afg a$ac ! ' Aff' An c-Ainj;eAl; 
" Tli'l ajac Anoif acc Aon guitte Am Aw eile. lAff Cf ocAife "Oe 
•oo c'AnAm." " O, if fiof twic," Aff a SeA-OnA, " bA "bbbAif *om 
e •oeAf.rhAT); CA cf Ann beAg ubAlt AgAm 1 leAC-CAoib mo -oofuif, 
-j An uite "OAHcin a CA^Ann An Cfeo, ni fULAif leif A tAm t>o Cuf 
1 n-Aifoe 1 ubAlt "oo fCACAt) i x>o bfeiC teif. An Ceu-o twine 
eite acc m6 fern, a Cuifpt) a tAm 'fA CfAnn fom, 50 gceAnjtAit) 
fe Ann — O ! a "OAoine ! " Af feifeAn, A5 fgAifceAt) Af £Aifit>e, 
" nAC AgAtn A Dei> ° Art fponc off a ! " 

'fluAif CAimj fe Af nA cfiCittib, -o'feuC fe fUAf •) bi An c-Ainj;eAt 
imcigce. "Oem fe a rhACcnAm Aif few An feAt> CAmAitt tfiAiC, tL 
fe -OeifeA-O fiAf CAlt, -oubAifc f6 teif fCin : " "peuC Anoif, ni'f 
Aon AmA"oAn 1 n-6ifinn if mo ionA me ! "Oa mbei'beAt) cfiue 
ceAngAitce AgAm urn An t>caca fo, twine 'fA' CACAoif, twinQ. 
'fA' meAtboig, -\ twine 'fA' CfAnn, cat) 6 An tfiAic t>o "OeAnfAf 
fAn -ootfifA •] me 1 bfAt> 6 bAite, gAn biA*, gAn -oeoC, gAn A15 
geA-o ? " Hi ctufge bi An meit) fin CAince f Ai-Oce Aige nA Cu, 
fe f6 n"oeAfA of a CorhAif AtnAC, 'fAn Aic a fAib An c-AingeAt- 
feAf fA"OA caoI "oub, •] e Ag glmneAitiAinc Aif, -j ceme CfeAfA A5 
ceACc Af a "OA full 'n-A fpfeACAib nnrie. t)i "bA At)Aifc Aif mAf 
bei-OeAt) Af pocAn ^AbAif, *i meigioll fAt)A HAt-jofm 5Afb Aif, 
eifboll mAf beit)eAt) Af mATJAt) fUAt), ~\ cfub A.n Coif leif mAf 
Cfub CAifb. T)o leAC a beut ~\ a ?>& full Af StieA-OnA, •] x>o fCAt> 
a CAinc. 1 ^ceAiin CAmAilt tdo lAbAif An feAf "oub. " A 
SheA-OnA," Af feifeAn, " ni ^AX> "Ouic Aon eAglA -oo beiC ofc fOm- 
Amf a ; ni'tim Af ci "oo "OiogbAlA; t)A miAn Horn CAifbe 615m "oo 
■OeAnArii -Ouic, x>A nglAcCA mo CorhAifle. "Oo CloifeAf Cu, Anoif 
beAg, "oA f At) 50 f AbAif s&n biAb, gAn -oeoC, gAn AifgeAt). tiub- 
fAinn-fe AifgeAT) "oo "OOtAin -ouic An Aon Comjioll beAg AitiAm." 
" A^uf 5feAt>At) cf6 lAf "oo fs^fc ! " AffA SeAt>nA, -| CAmij a 
CAinc ■oo ; " nA f eu*of A An mei"o fin "oo f At) gAn "oume "oo miLteA-b 
te-o' Cui-o glmneAmnA, pe n-e Cu f Cm ? " " 1f cumA -Ouic cia b-6 
me, aCc beuffAt) An oifeAt) Aifgit) x»uic Anoif Aguf ceAnnOCAit) 

Seadm's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3945 

three wishes to get from the God of Glory. Ask now of God 
any three wishes you please, and you will get them. But I 
have one advice to give you. Don't forget Mercy." " And 
do you tell me that I shall get my wish? " said Seadhna. " I 
do, certainly," said the angel. "Very well," said Seadhna. 
" I have a nice little soogaun chair at home, and every dalteen 
that comes in makes it a point to sit in it. The next person 
that will sit in it, except myself, that he may cling in it ! " 
" Oh, fie, fie! Seadhna," said the angel; " there is a beautiful 
wish gone without good. You have two more. Don't forget 
Mercy ! " "I have," said Seadhna, " a little malvogue of meal 
at home, and every dalteen that comes in makes it a point to 
stick his fist into it. The next person that puts his hand into 
that malvogue, except myself, that he may cling in it, see! " 
" Oh, Seadhna, Seadhna, my son, you have not an atom of 
sense! you have now but one wish more. Ask the Mercy of 
God for your soul." " Oh, that's true for you," said Seadhna, 
" I was near forgetting it. I have a little apple-tree near my 
door and every dalteen that comes the way makes it a point 
to put up his hand and to pluck an apple and carry it away 
with him. The next other person, except myself, that will 
put his hand into that tree, that he may cling in it!— Oh! 
people!" said he, bursting out laughing, " is'nt it I that will 
have the amusement at them ! " 

When he came out of his laughing fits and looked up, the 
angel was gone. He made his reflection for a considerable 
time, and "at long last he said to himself, " See now, there is 
not a fool in Ireland greater than I ! If there were three people 
stuck by this time, one in the chair, one in the malvogue, and 
one in the tree, what good would that do for me and I far 
from home, without food, without drink, without money?" 

No sooner had he that much talk uttered than he observed 
opposite him, in the place where the angel had been, a long, 
slight, black man and he staring at him, and electric fire 
coming out of his two eyes in venomous sparks. There were 
two horns on him, as there would ^e on a he-goat, and a long, 
coarse, greyish-blue beard, a tail as there would be on a fox, 
and a hoof on one of his feet like a bull's hoof. Seadhna's 
mouth and his two eyes opened wide upon him, and his speech 
stopped. After a while the black man spoke : " Seadhna," 
said he, " you need not have any dread of me. I am not bent 
on your harm. I should wish to do you some good if you 
would accept my advice. I heard you just now say that you 
were without food, without drink, without money. I would 

3946 SeA-onA. 

An oifeAT) leAtAif A^tif 6oimeAT)pAi , 6 A5 obAif to 50 ceAnn cfi 
mbUA"6Ain iroeug, Af at> gcomgiolt r° — 5° "onoepAif Horn An 
UAif fin ? " 

" ^5«f tn4 feittcigim leAc, ca f AjmAoiT) An UAif fin • " " CA 
beAj; "Duic ^n ceifc fin "oo cuf, 'ntiAif bei-o An teAtAf iTiijte -j 
tieittmiT) A5 5tuAifeAcc ? ' " UAif seufCtiifeAc — bice ajac, peic- 
eAm An t-AifgeAT)." " UAif-fe jjeufcuifeAc, peuc ! " "Do cuif An 
peAf ■outt a tAtfi 'n-A pocA, -\ tAffAing f6 AmAC fpAfAn m6f, -| Af 
An fpAfdn "oo leig f£ awac An a bAif CAfn beA5 "o'On OneAg 

" £euc ! " An feifeAn ; ■] fin r6 a tAm •) cuif f6 An CAfn "oe 
piofAib 5leoit)ce slemeAmlA pe puilib SneA*6nA boicc. T)o fin 
SeAt)nA a *6a tAim, -j T>o teAtA'OAf. a "oa lAgAf Cum An df. " 5° 
f.6it> ! " Aff' An peAf "out), Ag cAjif Amgc An oif cuige AfceAC ; 
" ni't An mAf5A"6 "oeAncA f 6f." " tMot) 'n-A mAfgA'b ! '' Aff A 

" 5 AT1 cei P 2 - ' •Aft' -A 11 V eA V "out). " 5^" ceip," Aff a SeAt>nA; 

" "OAf bfig nA mionn ? " Aff' An f eAf "oub. " t)Af bfi$ nA 
mionn," AffA SeAt>nA. 

[An 0T6ce nA "6iai$ fin.] 

H6f a. Se&X> ! — a peg — tAmAoit) Annfo — Afif — zS fAotAf ofm 
— biof A5 fit — bi eAgtA ofm — 50 mbei'oeAt) An f5eut Af fiubAl 
fOtfiAm, *] 50 mbei-oeAt) cuto x>e CAiltxe AgAm. 

peg. Am' bfiAtAf 50 bfAnfAtnAoif teAC, a tlofA, a Iaoi$. tti'l 
1 bpA"o o tAmi5 5 obnuic - 

Job. TTlAf fin "00 bi cuijjion AgAm "OA "oeunArii, *j b'eipn "oom- 
fA *oul fiAf leif An 1m 50 t)eut An JeAfftA, -| 'nuAif biof A5 
ceAcc a bAile ah c6ifi5Af, "oo tine An oi"oce ofm, *j ^eAtlAim t>uic 
guf bAmeA* pf\eAb AfAm. t)iof A5 cuimmujA-o Af SeA-onA -j Af 
An Of -j Af An bpeAf nt)iib, •) Af nA fpfeACAib bi A5 ceACC Af a 
fuiUb, 1 m6 A5 fit fut a mbeit)mn t)6it)eAnA(i, 'nuAif tOgAf mo 
ceAnn -j catd no tifinn Ate An fux* 'n-A feAfArii Af m' ajai* auiac 

Seadna's (Shay no) Three Wishes. 3947 

give you money enough on one little condition." " And, torture 
through the middle of your lungs ! " said Seadhna, as soon 
as he got his talk, " could you not say that much without 
paralysing a person with your staring, whoever you are?" 
" You need not care who I am ; but 1 will give you as much 
money now as will buy as much leather as will keep you 
working for thirteen years, on this condition, that you will 
come with me then." 

" And if I make the bargain with you, whither shall we go 
at that time ? " " Will it not be time enough for you to ask 
that question when the leather is used up and we will be 
starting ? " " You are sharp-witted. Have your way. Let 
us see the money." " You are sharp-witted. Look ! " The 
black man put his hand into his pocket, and drew out a large 
purse, and from the purse he let out on his palm a little heap 
of beautiful yellow gold. 

" Look ! " said he, and he stretched his hand and he put the 
heap of exquisite glittering pieces up under the eyes of poor 
Seadhna. Seadhna stretched both his hands, and the fingers 
of the two hands opened for the gold. 

"Gently! " said the black man; "the bargain is not yet 

" Let it be a bargain," said Seadhna. 

" Without fail? " said the black man. 

" Without fail," said Seadhna. 

"By the virtue of the Holy Things? " (shrines: hence oaths) 
said the black man. 

" By the virtue of the Holy Things ! " said Seadhna. 

(Next Night.) 

Noea. — There ! Peg we are here again — -. There's 

a saothar on me . I was running. I was airaid that the 

story would be going on before me, and that I would have 
some of it lost. 

Peg. — Indeed, Nora, my dear, we would wait for you. It 
is not long since Gobnet came. 

Gob. — Yes, for we were making a churn, and it was 
necessary for me to go west with the butter to Beul-an- 
Ghearrtha; and when I was coming home the short cut, the 
night fell on me, and I promise you that there was a start 
taken out of me. There was not the like of it of a jump ever 
taken out of me. I was thinking of Seadhna, and of the sold, 
and of the black man, and of the sparks that were coming 
out of his eyes, and I running before I would be late, when 

3948 SeAbnA; 

— An 5°^ At1 • A H Ari sceut) AtfiAfc "oa -ocugAf Aif, x>o tiubfAinn 

AT1 leAbAf 50 f Alb AbAfCA Aif ! 

tlbfA. A biAiriAife, a $obnuic, eifc t)o beul, 7 ha bi t>Af mbot>- 

fAb te-o' $OllAT1Alb "J teT)' AbAfCAlb. AttAfCA Af At! tl^OttAtl ! 

peuc Aif fin ! 

50b. t)'ei-oif, t>a mbeibteA pein Ann, gun beAg An ponn mAgAib 
•oo beibeAb ope. 

Sile. peuc Anoip ! cia aca a$ copj; An pgeil ? t)'eiT>if 50 
gcuippeAb Caic tli tDuACAllA opm-fA e. 

Caic. Hi Cuippib, a Sile. UAin a*o' CAilin niAit Anode, 7 ca 
AnA-cion AgAm one. fllo $fAb 1 pin ! tllo gfA-b Am' Cfoit>e 
ifcig 1 ! 

Sile. SeA-6 50 T>ifeAC ! pAn 50 mbeib peApg one ! 7 b'eit)in nA 
•oeAnpi " nio gpab i pn ! " 

TlbfA. Seo, feo ! prA^OAit), a CAilimbe. ITIife 7 mo gollAn pA 
n"oeAn An obAip feo. CaiC uaic An fcocA -pom, a "peg, -| fSAoil 
cujAinn An fgeul: An bpuAip SeAbnA An fpAfAn ? 1f iombA 
•oume bi 1 pocc fpAfAin -©'pAgAH 7 uaC bpuAip. 

peg. Com Iuac i "oubAinc SeAbnA An pocAl, " T>Af bfi$ nA 
mionn ! " t»o tAinig AtfugAb gne An An bpeAp n*oub. "Oo nocc 
pi a pAdA fiop 7 tpuAp, 7 if ia"o "oo bi 50 -oluice Af A 
Ceile. tAinis fbpt) cnonAin Af a beul, 7 x>o ceip Af SeAbnA a 
•oeunAtn AmAb cia 'co aj; 5Aifit>e bi fe nb Ag ■opAnncugA'b; Ace 
'ntiAif ■o'feuc fe puAp imp An t>a full Ain, bA bobAif 50 "onucp Ab 
An fgAnnfAt) ceu-onA Aif a CAimg Aif 1 "ocofAC. "Oo CU15 fe 50 
niAit nAC A5 jjAinibe bi An •oioltmnneAC. til feACAib fe piAm 
poime pn Aon t>a fiiil bA rheAfA 'nA iat>, Aon feuCAinc bA riiAll- 
mjte 'nA An feuCAinc "oo bi aco, Aon ClAf eu-OAin Com T>uf, cotn 
"OfoC-AiseAncA leif An gclAf eut)Ain -oo bi Of a gcionn. tliof 
lAbAif fe, 7 vo f n' fe a biCeAll gAn a leij;inc Aif guf tug fe 
fe n-oeAfA An -onAnncugA-b. te n-A linn pn, -oo leig An feAf 
•oub An c-6f AniAC Apf Af a bAif, i "oo COrhAifim. 

" Seo ! " Af feifeAn, " a SeA"bnA; Sm ceAt) punc ajac Af An 
gceuT) fsillmg tu^Aif uaic mtmi; An bfuilif "oi'oIca ? " 

" 1f mbf An bfeif i ! " AffA SeAttnA: " t)A-b Coif 50 bptnlim.'* 

" Coif no eugcbif," Aff' An feAf t)ub, " An bp uilif x>iolCA ? " 
7 "oo jeufing •] "oo bfopouig a\\ An nt^fAnncugAb. 

" ! CAim -oiolCA, CAim "oiolCA ! " AffA SeAbnA, " 50 f Alb 

mAIC AgAC-f A." 

" Seo ! mA 'feAb," Af feifeAn: *' Sin ceAt) eile ajac a^ An 
•OAfA f5illin5 tUgAlf UA1C irnDiu." 

" Sm 1 An fsillms tugAf 'oo'n riinAoi a bi cof-noCcuigte." 
" Sm i An fgilling tugAif x>o'n rhnAOi uAfAil Ceu-onA." 

Seadna's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3949 

I raised my head, and what should I see but the thing standing 

out overright me the Gollan! On the first look I gave it 

I'd swear there were horns on it. 

Nora.— Oyewisha, Gobnet, whist your mouth, and don't be 
bothering us with your Gollans and your horns. Horns on a 
Gollan! Look at that! 

Gob. — Maybe if you were there yourself, 'tis little of the 
inclination of fun would be on you. 

Sheila. — See, now ! who is stopping the story ? Maybe Kate 
Buckley would put it on me. 

Kate. — I will not, Sheila; you are a good girl to-night. I 
am very fond of you. My darling she is ! My darling in my 
heart within she is ! 

Sheila. — Yes, indeed ! Wait till you are angry, and maybe 
then you would not say " my darling she is." 

Nora. — Come, come ! stop, girls. I and my Gollan are the 
cause of this work. Throw away that stocking, Peg, and let 
us have the story. Did Seadhna get the purse? Many a 
person was on the point of getting a purse, and did not. 

Peg. — As soon as Seadhna uttered the words — " By the vir- 
tue of the Holy Things!" a change of apearance came on the 
black man. He bared his teeth above and below, and it is 
they that were clenched upon each other. A sort of low sound 
came out of his mouth, and it failed Seadhna to make out 
whether it was laughing he was or growling. But when he 
looked up between the two eyes on him, the same terror was 
near coming on him that came on him at first. He understood 
well that it was not laughing the " lad " was. He never before 
then saw any two eyes that were worse than they, any look 
that was more malignant than the look they had, any forehead 
as evil-minded as the forehead that was above them. He did 
not speak, and he did his best to pretend that he did not notice 
the growling. At the same time the black man let the gold 
out again on his palm and counted it. 

" Here ! " said he, " Seadhna, there are a hundred pounds for 
you for the first shilling you gave away to-day. Are you 
paid? " 

" I should think I am." 

• ; Right or wrong! " said the black man, " are you paid? 15 
and the growling became sharper and quicker. 

<; Oh ! I am paid, I am paid," said Seadhna, " thank yout" 

" Here ! if so," said he, " there is another hundred for you, 
for the second shilling you gave away to-day." 

3950 SeA*>nA: 

" VDa bA beAn uAfAt i, cat) "do beip. cof-noceui£ce i, *| CAt> *oo 
bein t>i mo rsillms x>o bneit uAim-fe, •] $au A^Ain acc rsittmg 
eite 1 n-A "oiato ? " 

" ttlA bA beAn iiAf At i ! T)a tnbei"6eAt> a fiof a^ac ! Sin i An 
bean UAfAt "oo mitt mife ! " 

t_e linti nA b-pocAt f Am •oo nA*0 "bo, "oo tAim^ cnit cof ■} tAtri 
Ain, "oo fCA*o ati •otvAtincAn, tdo luij a CeAnn fiAtx Af\ a rfiumeAt, 
•o'peuC re fUAf inf a' fp^ip, tAimg "oniuc bAif Ain T ct6"b cuinp 
Af A CeAnnACAib; 

'ttuAin COTH1A1C SeA"6nA An lompAit ti fin, tAim^ lonsnAfj a 
Cnoitte Ain. 

" Hi rutAin," An r el r eAt1 > 50 neAriijuireAC, " no ni tie feo An 
C6AT) uAin A^AZ A5 A1|\eACCAin ceAcc tAinp fiux>; 

"Oo teim An feAp "cub: "Oo buAit r6 buitte t>a Cnuib An An 
•ocAlArh, 1 Ticneo gun epic An fox) ■oo bi re coif SeAttnA. 

" CionnbAt) one ! " Apr' eifeAn: " £irc "oo beut no bArsr^P 

" 5 A bAim pAp^oun a$ac, a "bume uApAit ! " At\f a SeA"6nA, 50 
mo"6AriiAit, " CeApAr 50 mb' eit>ip sun bpAon beAg -oo bi OIca 
a^ac, "o'nA* 'f gun tugAir c6at> punc mAp rhAtAipc An fS'^^S 

" dubpAinn — -\ feACc jceAT) "oa •ocioc^At) tiom bAinc o'n 
•ocAipbe "oo pm' An rsitlmg CeA*onA, acc 'nuAip cugAip uaic i aa 
fon An cStAmnjtebpA, ni feiTnp a cAipbe -oo toe Coit>Ce." 

" A^ur," Ar\fA SeA"OnA, " cat> if gAt) An riiAic T»o toe ? 114 
fuit fe Corh niAic a^ax> CAipbe nA fgiltmse ut> "o'rASbAit mAp ca 
r e?" 

" C& An loniAt) CAinue a$ac — An ioitiat) An f At). "OubApc teAC 
■oo beut *o' eirceACc. Seo 1 fin C An fpAn An An f a-o AgAc," Apr' 
An peAf "oub. 

" 11i beiT)in, a -bume UAfAit," Anf a SeA-bnA, " nA bei'OeAti 
•OAoicm tia bAimrine Ann. 1r iomt)A Ia 1 "ocni btiAt>nAib T>eA5. 
1f lonroA bnog bei-OeA-0 "oeuncA A5 "ouine 1 gCAiteAm An rheiT) rm 
Aitnfinf-, "| if iomt)A cumA 1 n-A n-oinpeAt) rsitLmg t>o." 

" tIA bic6 ceifc one," Anf' An feAn "oub, A5 cup fmueA gAine 
Af. " UAnfAing Af Corh genf 1 n6inmn •] if mAit leAC e. t^eit) 
f6 Coin ceAnn An IA "oei-beAnAC 1 c& fe in"Otu.' Hi bei* puinn 
SnotA AgAc "oe Ar r A1n AmAC/' 

Seadna's (Shayna) Three Wishes. 3951 

"That is the shilling I gave to the woman who was bare- 

" That is the shilling yon gave to the same gentlewoman." 

" If she was a gentlewoman, what made her barefooted ? and 
what made her take from me my shilling, and I having but 
another shilling left?" 

" If she was a gentlewoman ! If you only knew ! she is the 
gentlewoman that ruined me! " 

While he was saying those words a trembling of hands and 
feet came on him. The growling ceased. His head leaned 
backwards on his neck. He gazed up into the sky. An 
attitude of death came on him, and the stamp of a corpse came 
on his face. 

When Seadhna saw this deadly change, the wonder of his 
heart came on him. 

" It must be," said he, in a careless sort of way, " that this 
is not the first time with you hearing something about Aer." 

The black man jumped. He struck a blow of his hoof on 
the ground, so that the sod which was under Seadhna's foot 

" Mangling to you !" said he; " shut your mouth or you will 
be maimed ! " 

" I beg your pardon, sir," said Seadhna, meekly ; " I thought 
that perhaps it was a little drop you had taken, and to say 
that you gave me a hundred pounds in exchange for a shilling." 

" I would, and seven hundred, if I could succeed in 
taking from the good which that same shilling did ; but when 
you gave it away for the sake of the Saviour it is not possible 
to spoil its good for ever." 

" And," said Seadhna, " what need is there to spoil the 
good? May you not as well have the good of that shilling 
as it is?" 

" You have too much talk ; too much altogether. I told 
you to shut your mouth. Here! there is the purse entirely 
for you," said the black man. 

" I suppose there is no danger, sir," said Seadhna, " that 
there would not be enough for the time in it. There is many 
a day in thirteen years. 'Tis many a shoe a man would have 
made in the lapse of that portion of time, and many a way 
he would want a shilling." 

" "Don't be uneasy," said the black man, putting a bit of a 
laugh out of him. " Draw out of it as hard as ever you can. 
It will be as plump the last day as it is to-day. You will 
not have much business of it from that forward." 


'- 4 tV? ATI T)1A A t) Hit) e AC AS." 

t)o tAnnAis "OiAnmui-o a •Otn'oin ■oub t>onn Af a pOCA, t t>o fin 
Ctnge i, t "o'ltntig i x»o CtiAit> feifeAn AnnfAn 50 rneAtAlACAn 
cemeA* t>o bi An bAnf nA cnAjA, beineAf An riieAtAn Aifci -j feiT>- 
eAf, f6i-oeAf i 50 tneAn ring ceAfuit>e ; aCc *a tn&ine a aiiaI 
-| "oa tiujA a feToeAt), ni nAib rriAit t>o Ann ; rei'oeAr Anif t 
Anif eile niof cneme, niof ciuja, niof ceAfui'be nA ceAnA, aCc "oo 
bi a jno 'n-A pAfAC Ain, mAn x>o bi An ceA-p ion 6A5 Anf An fpneig. 
t)eineAf An fpf.615 eite -] feit>ceAn puiti 50 peAn^AC pumneAmAil 
pioCrhAn, i a fuile An "oeAnslAfAt), -j peiteAnnA a mumil com 
Acuigce -pin 50 nAGA-OAn 1 neACc a bpleAfgtA : "oob' pAnAC t>o a 
feit>eA"6 .dm. t)eipeAf An An fpneig 1 CAiteAf ifceAC 1 gcoim- 
teAtAn An CtiAin 1, Ag nA-o, " 5° fei"oi"o mAtAin An Ai"6beinfeonA 
tv mA-|\ temit) ! " -] cujtAn buille t)A Coif "oeir -oo'n Ctn-o eile 
•oo'n ceimt) -\ fCAipteAn An put) An bAin 1. "Oo ConnAic An Cuit> 
eile e "oineAC "oonn le n-A linn fin, -| -oo CtnneA-OAn Aon ulAt>- 
gAinteit; An'iAin AfCA •oo tosfA-o nA niAinb Af a n-iiAi$ib. 6inisiT> 
uile — An meix) a'p nAC fAib 1 n-A peApArii "oiob — -j cajait) 1 n-A 
timCioll, A5 lubAnnAig le leAtAn-gAine *j A5 pceAncAt) An a lAn- 
•oiCioll. t)eineAp Dume An fpneig, "oume eile An ppneig eile, t 
mAn pom •0610 riAn fiof 50 neAnbAll cimCioll, An Ve&j; -j An riion, 
An c-65 i An c-AorcA ; ^ feo a$ fei'oeA'o iat), An cnArii a iroiCilt,< 
A5 cnut le cemit) -j ceAf "oo Cun Anif 1 ngAC fpneig, t 6 fiAn onnA; 
-oo bni$ gun fSAp ceo*6ACC le 5AC rmeACAit> "oiob beA5 nAC o liiit) 


" Ac^ ceine im' fpneig-fe,' 1 AnfA neAC 615m; 

" Sei-o leAC a buACAHl ! " AnfA DorhnAll: " C^ bpuil cu ? — 

f6lT) leAC 50 -OCAJA-O CugAC." 

"Oo 161m re "oe luic-pneib *| tAmic 1 n-A Aice — " S6it) ! fei-o, a 
■oiAbAil ! " a\^ reirion, " -j nA leis An rmeACAno ion eug — r6iT> ! — 
An "oo bAf fei-o ! " 

"Oo I615 An buACAill rceAncA -j "oo pcop t>e'n CfSi-oeA"©.' 

" UAifbeAm onO, a -OiAbAil ! " An reifion; 

*Oo tuic An buACAill An bAinit) gAinit) ; beinior -pfein An An 
rpneig, le AmplA* -] Ainc cun 5A1I, ■oogcAn a 6nt)05 -j CAiteAf 
An f pn6i5 uAt) "o'lAnnACc. tluic ri An An mb^n ; nion bnif rf 
^riiACc: CuineAr a Cn^oOg 1 n-A beAl le coif nA piopA: 

" CAff A15 ! CAff A15 Anoif ! " Aff a <Sillteoin 615m 1 n-A meAfSj 

"Oo 01 f6 Af buile, — beiniof Af An fppeig le n-A Ldirn C16, •} 



By Patrick O'Leary. 

Dermot drew his dark-brown dudeen from his pocket and 
handed it to him, and he went then to a smouldering fire which 
was at the top of the strand. He catches a dying coal of fire 
out of it and blows, blows it strong, quick, fierce; but though 
strong his breath, and though quick his blowing, it was in 
vain for him. He blows again and again stronger, quicker, 
fiercer than before, but his labour was of no* avail, for the 
heat had died in the ember. He seizes' another ember and 
blows it angrily, livelily, wrathfully, his two eyes flaming, 
and the veins of his neck swelled to such an extent that they 
were ready to burst; his blowing was to no purpose, however. 
He catches the ember and flings it into the centre of the 
harbour, saying, " May the devil's mother blow you for a 
fire! " and deals a blow of his right leg to the rest of the 
fire and scatters it about the bawn- The others saw him just at 
that very moment, and they raised one wild, ringing shout 
that would wake the dead out of their graves. They all rise — 
such of them as were not standing — and they gather round 
him, breaking their sides with broad mirth, and laughing 
their level best. One catches up an ember, another another, 
and so on of all the rest from first to last, small and big, young 
and old, and they set to blowing as well as ever they could, 
fain to put fire and heat again into each ember, and it 
impossible, for warmth had parted from each little coal of them 
all but a few. 

" There is fire in my coal," said someone. 
"Blow on, my boy! " said Donal. " Where are you? — blow 
on till I come to you." 

He jumped quickly and came to his side. " Blow ! blow, you 
devil ! " says he; " and don't let the little ember die — blow! — 
for your life, blow! " 

The boy laughed and stopped blowing. 
" Fetch it to me, aroo, you devil ! " says he. 
The boy burst into a fit of insuppressible laughter; himself 
seizes the coal through greed and burning desire for a smoke; 
he burns his thumb and throws down the coal all of a sudden. 
It fell on the bawn ; but it did not break though. He puts 
his thumb in his mouth along with the pipe. 

" Smoke ! smoke now ! " says some arch fellow in the crowd- 
He was raging mad. He seizes a coal with his left hand 
and blows it so furious that sparks flew from it. He blows 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10 — L 

3954 i-'tli &y T)ia a t)uit>eACAr 


reitieAr c6m tiAirtwneAC row i 51™ rPl^c fi: SeiT>eAr Attff ^ 
teimeAr ftneA^Ai-o -oo'n -oeArstArAir ifce^6 1 n-A udc, triA^ *oo 
bi burttAC a temeA-o A]\ teACA"6, t "ooj^ e tAicreAC. "Oo coii- 
£Ait> fe Sjteim Ar AT1 TPt^S 4rfi, 1 ot^ST An tArAir P'or i mbeAt 
ha piopA t tArr^geAr, CArrAiseAr,- CArttAi^eAr, a\\ cumA gujt 
geArr 5° t^ti "oeACAC A5 ei^ige 50 gtortfiAr n-A ftArnAir- 
dt)iD Of cionn a cinn. 

AnnfAn -oo bi -pe Ar a toil: T)o ftut) ha "OAome 50 teif. 45 
brteitniugA'O Afi An mutt A5 UiAfgA-O or- a scotfiAitt, 1 e A5 ceACc 
ifceAC 50 meAtt: "Oo bi "OorhnAtt aj thu'oa'O a piopA •] jAti Aon 
■ouine A5 ctitt cui^e nA uai-6; Tliott b'fA'OA 5Utt eitti$ fCAitc x>& 
piopA aitiacc, -oo tAttttAig fe 1 "OAtt TT0015 Att cnAtri a "Oicitt, acc 
nioj\ b'riu *)uic jreuCAinc An An ^^^ beAg fjAif t)o bi aj ceACc 
AtnAC Aifci. <AnnfAn "oo ciiitt fe r5f u 5^^ ^f r^in, ir ttoibeAg 
n<x'r ceAngAit a beAt ioccai|\ "Oa beAt uaccai|\ te "ooic CArfAigte 
acc ni r<Mb or i 5 1 n " A 5 no - 

" "PAjrjA-o *oume eigm feiceoir "oom — Att r 011 "06 pAgbAt) • " A H 
reipon, -J -oo tuig r^ riior "ouluijte Att An "ocAtttt^c ; 1 n-A^Ait) 
beic A5 bAinc An crAlACAir Ar pott nA piopA, ir ArhtAit) 01 re Ag 
a ■OAingniujA'o Ann — gAn comne teir $An AirhfeAr. £aoi "Oein- 

10*, 'nuAir "oo puAir r e ■ Ar| v^ An rsAr^A te n-A p^otAr, *i 50 r Ai ° 

A5 "out "oe, t>A t^eme Ung r e cu1 5e> "oo tog r e Atl "oiuto Ar a 
oeAt, ■) T>o jtAoit) 50 fiAircmneAC aj\ -ouine eigm, reiceoi|\ "o'jtaj- 
TjAit x>o. T)'imci5 cfiuf no ceAt^Ar "oe rjuACAitti"oib 50 rung 
pAittc "oo 01 tAn *oe trAitnini*Oib, acc -oo 01 r& r ceAr1t1 5 111 Ait uai"6- 

rAm. "o'rAn r^r 10 " ^5 r eition i o^ttA 50 •ociocpAi'Dir tA^ n-Air, 

Anoir A5 cu|\ ua piopA ion a tteAt, -| Afir aj a bAinc Ar, l Apif 
eite A5 r 4 ^" A tuit)in mnci "c'reucAinc a r-Aib mocAit An ceAir 
initiate Airci: 'tluAi|\ •oo Cuai*o ipml tA$ r eitexit11Aric ^r ^ 1 3 e > X) ° 
temi r^ r^ 1ri tA r cto^oe irceAC ; reo A5 cuArcAC e Anonn 'r AnAtt, 

*i biop Ar a r« i t.ib te r^s^rc cun r^$bAtA, t>A mb'rei-oir. "oo 

bi r^c ion Aifioni Air r^ ceAnn CAtriAitt — r u ^w r^ b|\ob cuibeArAC 
reAriiAf, 1 "oo r^tuig 1 gctto nA piopA e 50 capatO. xXnnfAn CU5 
re r°$ A r^ 01 n ~ A tA^AC, Atz -o'rAn An bfob niAf a bi, -j ni co|A|\- 
oca-0 Af a tun-ofACAib. "Oo t^eAtt r^ An At-UA1|\, acc b'e An 
rseAt ceA"onA e. 1 n-oeittico ^z\\ActA -Oo, b^ur An cttAicnin 50 
CAittte Air, ir ci $ ! 5 c f° nA piopA. "Oo teim r^ 1 "" A CAoir bmte 
tAr Ctoi-Oe, ni r A1D r u ^A5 (=r u ^- An 5) ^a roi"One Aije, -| "oo CAit 
An "01U1-O ipAX) a urCAir AmAC AnnrAn rfiuir rhoir. tli yAiX) meAtn 
Ar AonneAC te beAgtA bruigne, niAr *oo bi coja An eotAir aca 50 
teir Ar "OorhnAtt, -j cat> e An r^S^r b'eAt) e, 'nuAir *oo beit>eAt> 
re Amui$ teir pern. T)' r^n nA "OAoine 50 teir 1 r\-A r«i"oe 50 

The Tlmnkfulness of Dermot. 3955 

again, and a spark of the red flame jumps into his breast, for 
the front of his shirt was open, and it burns him immediately. 
He kept his hold on the coal though. He bruises the flame 
down into the mouth of the pipe, and draws, draws, draws, 
in a manner that soon smoke was rising blue and glorious 
in wreaths above his head. 

Now was he perfectly happy. All the people sat looking 
at the seaweed rocking right before them, while it was coming 
in fast. Donal was smoking his pipe, and nobody interfering 
with him. But it was not long till his pipe grew 
sulky; he pulled it, of course, as best he could, but it would 
not be worth your while to look at the little dying fume that 
was coming out of it. He then put a long neck on himself, 
the lower lip all but adhered to his upper lip through the 
strain of pulling, but his work was to no purpose. 

" Let someone get a ' cleaner ' for me — for God's sake, let 
him! " says he, and he applied himself more earnestly to 
pulling, but instead of taking the dirt out of the hole of the 
pipe, he was only fastening it in it — unwittingly, of course. 
At last, when he found success separated from his labour, 
and that he was failing, though energetically he set about it, 
he took the diuid out of his mouth, and called furiously to 
somebody to fetch him a ' cleaner.'' Three or four boys went 
to a field that was full of trahneens, but it was a good distance 
from him. He remained behind waiting till they should come 
back, now putting the pipe in his mouth, again taking it out, 
and again thrusting his little finger into it to ascertain whether 
the feeling of heat had left it. When at length he could bear 
this waiting no longer, he himself jumped in over a fence, 
he commences searching hither and thither, and his eyes 
blazing through madness for finding, if possible. Luck was 
his in a little while. He got a pretty thick brobh and shoved 
it quickly into the tube of the pipe. He then tried to pull 
it back, but the brohh remained as it was, and would not move 
from its place. He tried again, but it was the very same as 
before. In the end of the pulling, the trahneen meanly broke 
on him inside in the tube of the pipe. He jumped out over the 
fence blazing mad; he could not keep his passion in check, 
and he threw the diuid as far as he could cast it into the great 
sea. There was not a tittle out of anybody for fear of a 
quarrel, for they all knew Donal full well, and what manner 
of man he was when he would happen to be ill at ease within 

3956 "11i Ay T)ia a £)uit>eA<iAp." 

ceAnn peAlAi-o, t Ap An bpeA-6 po bi An tnun a$ "opui"Oim teip 
An "ocpAig 30 bog fit. t4mic Aon conn Arii^in, 1 n"oeip o* 
tiA "oAtA, xio lion An cuau puAp 50 bAic te mup p^oto^AC patia 
•oeAps. "Do ppeAb "OorhnAtl 1 n-A coitg- feAfAm -] x>o CAit e p6m 
An a JnugA AnuAf An cApn *oo'n riiup "| *oo bi A5 a peicioc te 
puippe, 'ntiAin peo ipceAC conn eile, "oo cuai*o teA'pcuAp *oe -| rut 
f a peuT> peipion cunfmeAm An Aon-nlt) (aCc An An mup) *oo pcuAb 
An I61 AniAC 6 i"oin put peAt). T)o b6ic -| "oo pspeA-o Ap.tobAip, 
iicc ni n<Mb bpeip •oeAbAi'o An Aonne' — nit) nAp bNongnAt) — "out 
bpuncAn a CAittte cun eirion x>o fAopA*. 

" Cuipimip iAppAit> An tCit) puAp 50 ci$ "OiApmu'OA teit," AyyA 
piAnAf pAon. 

" ttei-oeAt) pe bAitce rut a ppoiCpi-oe teAtflige puAp," AnrA 
pA"onuit; bui-oe. 

" Cuin An nAicin AmAC -| b'peut) 50 njneAmotAt) p£ 6," AppA 
TTIiceAl 05. 

te n-A tinn -pin •oo Vmij An bAitceACAn -| "oo glAon!) 1 n-Apt) a 
Cinn 'p a guCA A5 lAppAi* cAbpA, A5 pA-o, " -An pon "06 -| pAop me ! 
pAop m6 ! a "OAome, pAop m£ ! 6 a "Oia, cAim bAicce ! pAon m£, 
pAon mC opii ! " Plion pcAt) p£ "oo beit A5 CAltAipioCc niAp pm, 
mAn "oo bi uCoaC mAit Aige. 

" ftAgA-o 1 pnArhpAt) AmAC Cuige," AppA "OiApmui'o TTIac 

" tIA ceigpig," AnpA nA "OAoine 50 teip 1 n-Aon beat; 

" Ra$a-o," Ay peipion: " Hi benieAt) a tuitleA* a$ peuCAinc 
Aip AnnpAn Amui$, A5 pAgbAil bAip Ay An gcomAip." 

"Rug rtliCeAt PHeACA puAp Ay bnoUAC a temeA-o -\ "oubAipc, 
" tilAipe, 50 T)eiriiin ni pA$Aip, ip pAT)A puAp 50 gcuirhneocAinn An 
tu tiogAinc AmAt tuige." 

" bog "oiom," AyyA "OiAnmuit), " bog "oo speim -oiom." 

" tli bogpAT)," ApfA tYliceAL meACA,' " ni beAg a bpuil CAiUte 
■j pAin-pe ipcig." "OipeAC "oonn "oo bCic *OomnAtt "oe tAolpspeAt) 
Amuij. " tli'l Aonne' CAittte p6p," a^a *OiApmui"o. " tDog 
■oiom, a "oeinim leAC, bog "oiom ; " aCc ni bojpA-O. T)o pcnAC 
peipion 6 p6m ua* "\ "oo OAit "oe a Cuit) 6a"oai§ -j "oo t6im ipceAC 
'pAn mmn 1 'pAn mun ; "oo f nAim AmAt cun "OomnAitt "oo bi beAg 
nAt CAbAptA -j x>o pcpAC ipceAt teip 6 Ap cumA 615m 50 "oci An 
cpAij. tuic "OomnAll 1 tAige 'mAp Ay 50 "ocAmic Ay An "ocAlArii 
cipm -j T)' pAn innci 50 ceAnn 1 bpAt). TluAip tAmic p6 tinge pem, 
•oubAipc -ouine 615m teip gup CeApc "oo bunieACAp "oo bpeit le 
T)ia 1 "ocAob nAp bAtA"d G; 

The Thankfulness of Dermot. 3957 

All the people remained sitting for some time, and during 
that time the seaweed was drawing near the strand slowly 
and gradually. One wave came at long-last which filled the 
harbour up to the brim with branchy, long, red seaweed. 
Donal jumped to his feet, and flung himself on his hunkers 
down on a heap of seaweed, and was freeing it in a great 
fuss, when in comes another wave which went above him, 
and before he could think of anything (except the seaweed) 
it swept him clear out. He screamed and shrieked for help, 
but there wasn't too much haste on anybody — a thing not to 
be wondered at — to go at the peril of his life in order to 
save him. 

11 Let us send up for a rope to Dermot Liath's," said Pierce 

" He would be drowned before one would reach half-way 
up," says Paddy Buidhe. . 

" Put out the rake, and perhaps he would catch on to it," 
says Mick Oge. 

Just then, the drowning man screeched and called with 
erect head, and at the highest pitch of his voice, imploring 
aid, saying, "For God's sake and save me! save me! men, 
save me ! God, I am drowned ! save me, save me, oroo ! " 
He never stopped but calling thus, as loud as he could, for 
he was long-winded. 

" I'll go and swim out to him him," says Dermot MacAuliffe. 

" Don't," said all the people in one voice. 

" I will," said he. " I won't be any longer looking at him 
there outside, dying before our very eyes." 

Meehawl Meata seized him by the bosom of his shirt, and 
said, " Wisha faith you won't. It is long, indeed, till I'd 
think of letting you out to him." 

"Let me go," says Dermot MacAuliffe; "loose your hold 
of me." 

" I won't," says Meehawl Meata ; " there is enough lost, and 
let you stay inside." Just then Donal screamed with a shrill 
shriek outside. "There's nobody lost yet," says Dermot; "let 
me go, I tell you, let me go," but he wouldn't. He tore 
himself from him, divested himself of his clothes, and jumped 
into the sea and into the seaweed, swam out to Donal, who 
was nearly exhausted, and dragged him with him, some way 
or other, to the beach. Donal fell into a faint just as he 
reached the dry ground, and remained in it a long time. When 
he came to himself, somebody said to him that he ought to 

3958 SeAtpun Ceinmu 

u 11A bi itn bo-onAi!)," Af f eifion ; " mS cAwi f AbAttA; n1 Af "6ia 
a buToeACAf, niAf ni mbf t>o bi fe itn cnpAin ; ^'fA^fA* AnnfAn 
Arntnj me 50 rnbenbmn bAicce, muccA, "j if beA$ An seApfAbtiAic 
•oo cinnf eAtf fe Aif Aiteif, seAttAim-pe *6uic ; acc bei'beA'o bui"b- 
eAC "do 'OiApmAi'o ITlAcAriitAoib, An feAf gtAn 5'tAncA, cv>Ait> 1 
n-emeAC a CAittte ctm me f AopA-6. -A ! a t>uine, mA cAim f Att* 


HI Af t)lA A blHtteACAf t " 

seAtnfln cCinnni 

[teif An x\tAin O "Oinnnin.] 

tll't Aon ug'OAf "oo pmne An oineAt) te Ceicinn cum t6i$eAnn 
if ticpigeAcc "oo congbAit beo 1 meAfj; nA n-OAomeA'O, 50 mop- 
riiOp -oAome teACA rilojA. 11iof b'eA-o sup fcpiob SeACpun 
feAncAf f 6-beACC, fo-cmnce, acc gup ctnf fe te ceite 1 n-Aon 
botg ArtiAm nA cuAipif gitte "oo bi te f AgbAit Af 61-pmn mf nA f eAn- 
teAbpAib. Hi pAib cuAipifg eile te fAgbAit Corii "oeAf, coin 
ftnnnce if "oo teat fe an ftiATO ha cine. 111 fAib Aoinne 'n-A 
fcotAipe fo$AncA nA n Aib eotAf Aije a\\ fcAip Ceicinn, if til nAio 
cniocnugA-o -oeAncA an fcotAipe 1 fcoit 50 mbeA*- rriACfAriiAit 
•oeAncA Aije "oo'n " bpopAf £eAfA." 1 meAfg nA -octiACAC rim- 
ptit)e ni teorhfAt) Aomne AmpAf "oo Cvm Af An jjcunncAf cu^Ann 
Ceicinn An gAbAit nA nCipeAnn te pApcotan, if teif An 5CU1T> eite 
•oo'n cpeib fin CAf teAf. Hi teorhfA'6 Aomne feAnAtt 5«n cnerni- 
eA"6 5Ae*eAt £tAf te nACAf nirhe, if gun CneAfing TYlAoif a cneAtt 
*fAn 6igipc te feAfCAib T)e. t)io"OAf nA "OAoine feAtbwgce 
•o'pinmne nA fjgeAt fAin, if bi a n-uf-mof 'n-A mbeAt aca, if ni 
nAio "oAn nA tAoit) gAn CAgAinc eigin "oof nA m0n-$Air5i"oio An An 
rnAcc Ceicinn. 1f "O0i$ tmn munA rnoeA* gun fsnioDA* An 
" Vonu-p |?eA-pA " nA X>eAt) cuntine nA feAn-Ainrpine, nA AinmeACA 
ha feAn-f.tAit, nA 6acca nA teorhAn teAt corh adai'O 1 n-AigneA* 
nA n-oAomeAt) if bicoAn teit-teAt) btiAt>An 6 fom. 

1p fion, 50 "oeiriim, 50 nAib nA neite feo 1 teAbnAib eite Af An 
to*; SeAtnun iax», a6c ni't un-tn6n "oof nA teAbnAib -peo te -pA$- 
bAii 1 n-om. T)o CAitteAniAn iat>, if cA An " "Po^T V eA V& " 'fl'^t* 
meApj;, -$A-n focAt, gAn ticin as ceAfCAbAit UAit). UAmAtt fom 
if Af 615m "oo bi •onine uAfAt 1 5Cui5eA"d TTlurhAn nA fAib a 
fArhAit *oo'n " fofuf |?eAf a " 50 ceAnArhAit 1 gcoiriieA-o Aige. X)l 

Geoffrey Keating. 3959 

return thanks to God since he was not drowned. " Don't be 
bothering me," says he ; " if I am saved, God is not to be 
thanked for it, for 'tisn't much He was in my care; He would 
leave me there outside till I'd be drowned and suffocated, and it 
is little it would affect Him, I assure you; but I will be 
thankful to Dermot MacAuliffe, the good, decent man, who 
in the face of his being lost went fo save me. Why, man alive^ 
if I am saved, 

God is not to be thanked for it ! " 

Extract from " Irish Prose," by Rev. Patrick S. Disteen. 

No author has done as much as Keating to preserve litera- 
► ture and learning amongst the people, especially the people of 
Leath Mhogha. Not that Keating wrote a very accurate or 
critical history, but he amassed into one repository the accounts 
of Ireland given in the old books. There was no other record 
to be found so neat, so well constructed as his, and it circu- 
lated throughout the country. No one was considered a good 
scholar who was net acquainted with Keating's History, and 
at school no student was considered finished till he had made 
a copy of " The Forus Feasa." Amongst the simple country 
folk no one dared to cast a doubt on the account Keating 
gives of the occupation of Ireland by Partholan and the rest 
of that band from across the sea. No one dared deny that 
Gaedheal Glas was bitten by a serpent, and that Moses healed 
his wounds in Egypt by the power of God. The people were 
convinced of the truth of these stories, and the greater portion 
of them were ready on their lips, and tnere was no poem or song 
that did not make some reference to the great heroes of whom 
Keating makes mention. It seems to us that had " The Forus 
Feasa " not been written, the remembrance of by-gone times, 
or the names of the old chieftains, or the exploits of the 
heroes would not have been half so fresh in the minds of the 
people as they were some fifty years ago. 

It is true, indeed, that these things were to be found in other 
books, from which Keating extracted them, but the greater 
part of these books are not to be found at the present day.- 
These are lost to us, while " The Forus Feasa " is with us, 
with not even a word or a letter wanting to it. Some time 

3960 SeAtfun C£icinn; 

fe a$ nA "OAomib boCcA Com mAic teif nA hUAiftib: 1f cuirfnn 
linn f£in pigeAOoif boCc x>o riiAif 1 nlAfCAf. CiAnpAiOe, nAn mfif. 
1 "oceAnncA T)6cAin tia boioCe t>o bi 'n-A feitb, 00 CAifbeAm "00111 
a iriACfArhAil •oo feinnti 50 ceAtiArhAil, CAfCA 1 tinn-CAOAC, if jz,An 
•out A5 pAifce bfeic Aip, nA -oio^bAit Af bit "00 •oCAnAtfi T>6. t)A 
geAlt te teAbAf nAOvntA 6 Af a meAf, if niof ■oiottiAoin "oo bi An 
teAbAf fAin, mAf if blAfCA cpumn "oo bi cuAipifj Af 5AC teAtotiAC 
•oe 1 gceAtin An fi^eAOofd, A^uf bA "OeACAip AiceArii Aip 50 fAib 
focAt acc pipinne 'f An riieit) x>o fSfiob CCicmn Af £enniuf 1TeAf\- 
f ao, Af pAfcolAn, if ad Cuio eile aca. CA cuirhne CCicinn pof I 
meAfg "OAomeAO nAf teig, if nA peACAio niArh a cuio fAo-CAif. 1f 
•0015 teif a tAn 50 fAib OfAoioeACc 615m Ap. An n"oume, n6 ^up, 
neAtii "oo tAinig fe Cum cunncAf Af feAn "oo CAbAifC "ouinn. HI 
mof An c-iongnAO gun Cfeio tia "OAome nAp "Ouine "OAonnA SeAC- 
fun. T)o cpeib $AtfOA -oo b'eAO C, aCc 'n-A -Oiaio fin bi fe ioip 
Hiberniores Hibernicis ipsis. CAcoiliceAc 6 CfoioeiAmAC, SA^AfC; 
"OoCcuif "OiaoaCca "oo b'eAO e. peAf t£i£eAnncA 1 tAioin if 1 
teAbnAib tiA n-AitfeAC t»o b'eAO e, if caiC fC a tAn "oa fAo^At 
'fAn b"PfAinc; Acc 'nuAif "o'fitt f& A bAite tug f6 6 pern fUAf 
Af fAT» "o'obAif nA neA^lAife te "oiojfAip lon^AncAij ^uf cuipeAO 
fviAjAifc feACA Aip, if gun b'CigeAn x>6 "out 1 bfolAC 1 ^cuniAf 
ooitb 1 nJJteAnn eACAflAC. 1f e An fu*o if lon^AncAige 1 mbeAt- 
A10 SeACpuin 50 bfUAif fe «Ain if caoi Af nA leAbAin 00 ceAfcuig 
uai*> 1 scbitt a feAncAif, 00 bAiliugA* An fAio "oo bi pAn if ftiA^- 
Aifc Aif. "Oo fiubAit fe 50 ConnACCAib if 50 "Ooine, acc ni mof 
■do rheAf "oo bi A5 feAf Aib UIao nA A5 ConnACCAib Aif. 1 ^cionn 
cfi n6 ceAtAif t>o btiAOAncAib bi An " ^of uf peAf a " 50 lein 
cuftA 1 jceAnn a Ceile Ai^e (1631). "Oo f^fiob fe f 6f t)A leAbAf 
oiaoa, " eoCAip SgiAt An Aiffinn," Aguf " Cfi biof-$Aoite An 

"OAIa An " JTonAif peAfA," cofnuigeAnn fe 6'n bpioftofAC, if 
CAgAnn AnuAf 50 1200. CA fe lAn -oo feAn-f AnnAib 1 n-A mbAiH$- 
CeAf AmmeACA nA -ocfeAb 00 tAmig 50 ndhnmn, if 1 n-A j;cuifceAn 
te Ceite nA hCaCca -oo bAin teo. CA a bftnt 1 bpfbf oe, teif, 
Annfo if Annfiio muccA te AinmeACAib CAoifeAC if ftAic if a 
gcfAob jemeAtAC. tliof CeAp SeAtfun Aon nit) o n-A riieAbAi|\ 
fein ; jaC a "ocu^Ann fe ouinn — nA fgeAlcA, nA beACcfAi-Oe, nA 
SAbA-tCAif, nA IiCacca An muin if An cif — fuAif fe ia*o 50 teif 1 
f eAnteAbfAib -oo bi fA rheAf A5 ottAriinAib if fAioib. tli finne 
fe acc iat> -oo cuf te Ceite if o'AoncugAO. T)A mbeAO f6 A5 Ait- 
fSfiobAO nA neiceAO fin 1 n"oiu, Aguf a Ai^neAO tAn "oo tCigeAnn 
nA hAimfife feo, ni't ■oeAnniA'o nA 50 gcuiffeAO fe a tAn -oiob 1 
teAt-cAoib, -oo bnig nA bAin©Ann fiAt) te pif-feAnCAf. -ACc t)0 

Geoffrey Keating. 3961 

back there was hardly a gentleman in Munster who had not 
his copy of " The Forus Feasa " affectionately guarded. The 
poor people as well as the upper classes had it. I myself 
remember a poor weaver who lived in West Kerry, who had 
little more than enough of food for the passing day, showing 
me his copy of Keating, which was fondly wrapt up in a linen 
cloth, while children were forbidden to handle it or injure it 
in any way whatever. He looked upon it as a sacred book. 
Nor did he possess it in vain, for that weaver had an accurate, 
perfect knowledge of every page of it in his head, and it would 
be difficult to persuade him that there was any error in any 
word Keating wrote about Fennius Fearsad, Partholan and 
the rest. There is a traditional remembrance of Keating still 
amongst the people who never saw or read his work. Many 
think that the man was under the spell of magic or that he 
came from heaven to give us an account of our ancestors. 
It is not so strange that the people believed that Keating was 
not a mere human being. He sprang from a foreign stock, 
yet he was among those who were " more Irish than the Irish 
themselves." He was a Catholic of heart-felt sincerity, a 
priest, a Doctor of Divinity. He was a man versed in Latin 
and in the works of the Fathers, and he passed a good deal of 
his life in France. But when he returned home" he devoted 
himself altogether to the work of the Church with astonishing 
zeal, until he was hunted and was obliged to conceal himself 
in a gloomy cave in the Glen of Aherlow. The strangest cir- 
cumstance connected with the life of Keating is that he found 
opportunity while in a state_of flight to collect the books he 
required for his History. He travelled to Connauglit and to 
Derry, but the Ulstermen ancl the Connaughtmen paid little 
heed to him. He completed the whole " Forus Feasa " within 
three or four years (1631). He also composed two spiritual 
books, " The Key-Shield of the Mass " and " The Three Shafts 
of Death." 

As regards "The Forus Feasa," it begins at the very be- 
ginning ancl comes down to 11200. It is full of old verses in 
which the names of the tribes who came to Erin are mentioned 
and in which the exploits with which they were connected are 
recorded. The prose portion, too, is here and there over- 
crowded with the names of chieftains and princes and with 
their pedigrees. Geoffrey did not invent anything himself; 
what he sets before us — the tales, the adventures, the invasions, 
the exploits on land and sea — he found them all in old books 
which were held in esteem By ollamhs and seers. All he has 

3962 SeAtfiin Ceicinn* 


f cniob fe An ponuf £eAf a cA seAtt te cni cSa-o btiA^An 6 
foin, A^uf ni tuon^nA'd nA fAib An oifeAT) fAin ArhfAif 1 "ocAoib 
fifinne nA n-eA£c f o An Cf At f Am.- A^uf if ^a^ An 5ceAT>nA acA 
An fgeAt A5 cioftAib eite: UA a tAn G&tx: if eACCfA 1 feAncAf 
nA UoriiA "oo cfeiT> nA RorhAnAig 50 tnomtAn 1 n-aimrin toifpt if 
Oibit) — nA ftnt lonncA acc uif fgeAtCA nA bpiteAt). An An n6f 
gceAxmA ni geitteAnn Aon rgotAine Anoir "o'eACtAib tlensjifc if 
tloffA Ajuf x>A teiteT>ii"6iD ■o'eACCfAi'oib 1 feAncAf nA tDneACAine; 

Acc 'n-A "61A1-6 fin, ni ceAnc a •oeAftnAt) 50 mbionn bunAttAf 
pinmne inf nA fj;eAtcAib feo "oo gnAt. tliof tun) nA fiti"6e fgeAt 
An "ocuif 5An "oeAttf Arh eij;in "oo beit Ain — nee fingunt omnia 
Gretce — ciot> 50 gcmfceAf teif 1 fit nA rnbtiA-OAn, 1 "ocneo nA 
bAitneocAi-oe e pA "OeineAt). t)'olc An bAit An tin nA bei-6 iiin- 
fgeAtcA "oo'n cr<\$Af fAin cfumnijte if meAf^tA cfi-o a cui-o 
feAnCAir. t>A corhAftA e nA fAib -pile nA pAi*> te finfeAfAib 1 
meAfg a "OAoineA-6, if nAn rhon aca a cAit nA a gloin. 

1f AlAinn An "oion-bfotlAC a cuineAnn SeAtfun te n-A " yonuf 
"PeAfA." O teACc An "OAfA llenni AnAtt cugAinn ir noittie, nion 
§At) fof nA fUAmineAf nA iiuj-OAin SAgfAnnAig acc a$ cun fiof 
bneAgA if fseAtcA Aitife An Af nt>utCAf. 5ioffoi-o -oe t)AffA, 
ScAninuffc, CAnroen, TlAnmef, if An cfeAb fAin uite — ni fAib 
uaca acc finn "oo cuf fA coif Af "ocuif, if 6 teip fin oftA, fmn 
•oo mAftujAt) 1 fcAntAit) fAttfA. Agtif ca|\ eif An bpeAfAnn -oo 
bAinc -oinn, bA bfeAstnge if bA tAfCAifnige -oo bio-OAf 'nA fiArii; 
X)o tug SeAtfun piitA 'fAn -oion-bfottAt te pumneArii if te feifj. 
"Oo fcoit fe Af a ceite An f Aimeif riiAftuijteAC -oo ctnn An t)Aff At 
'n-A teAbAf, niof f Ag-fe ptnnn -oo ScAnmuffc gAn feAbAt), if cnom 
6 cuffAing a tAiriie Af CAnroen if Af Spenpef. 5° "oem'nn if 
geAtt te 5Aif5it>eAC mof 615m e — te Com CutAinn no Aicitt — a 
Cnit) Aifm gteAfCA 'n-A tAitfi, eAT)AC pt^cA 6 tiuittAC cmn 50 
Cfoigtib Aif, ip e Ag 5^bAit te "oiojfAif if te T)iAn-feif5 Af nA 
•OAonnb beAgA fo do "OeAfbuig eiteAC 1 gcoinmb a "OOcc.Mf, if x>o 
rhAftuig a rfunnnceAf. "OA mbeAt) fe Af m-aifceAn 1 nt»iu, CAbAf- 
\:A-t) fe fAobAn bACA "oof nA feAncAit>ib acA Anoif fA moif-riieAf, 
Af Pf ou,oe T Af 1TIAC AriitAonn, if A]y llume. 

/&T)eif fe 'n-A -Oion-bf ottAC : — 

' tli't fCAinit>e "oA fgfiobAnn Af e-ifmn nAC Ag iAffAit> toccA 
Aguf coibeime •oo tADAifc "oo feAn-^AttAib Ajtif t>o $Aet>eAtAib 
bit> ; biot) a f iA-Onuife fin Af An ceifc "oo beif CAmbf enfif, 
Spenfef, ScAnmuffc, llAnmef, CAnroen, tDAfcti-6, TTIofifon, 
TDAbif, Campion, aguf jac niiAt)-$Att eite *oA fgfiobAnn uifte 6 

Geoffrey Keating. 3963 

done is to put them together and reconcile them. If he were 
to re-write these things now, having his mind filled with the 
learning of to-day, there is no doubt that he would set aside 
a good deal of them as not pertaining to true history. But he 
wrote " The Forus Feasa " almost 300 years ago, and it is 
not strange that so little doubt was cast on the truth of these 
events at that period. Such, too, is the case in other countries. 
There are many stories and wonders in Eoman History which 
the Eomans fully believed in the time of Virgil and Ovid, 
but which are only the romances of the poets. In the same 
way no scholar now believes in the exploits of Hengist and 
Horsa nor in such like wonders in the History of Britain. 

At the same time it should, be remembered that there is 
usually a substratum of truth in such stories. The poets did 
not originally invent a story without there being some appear- 
ance of reality in it. " The Cretans even do not invent all 
they say " — though the tale is added to in the course of years, 
in such wise that one would not recognise it at last. It were 
not well for a country not to have romances of this kind 
amassed together and mingled with its history. It were a 
sign that there did not spring up for generations either a poet 
or a seer amongst her people, and that the people did not prize 
her honour and glory. 

Geoffrey prefixes a splencITcl 'Apologia to his " Forus Feasa." 
From the coming over to us of Henry the Second and previous 
to that date the English authors never ceased from writing 
lies and disgraceful calumnies about our country. Gerald 
Bany, Stanihurst, Camden, Hanmer and all that tribe only 
wanted to trample us under foot at first, and since that failed 
them, to insult us by fallacious histories, and when they took 
our land from us, they were more lying and insulting to ua 
than ever. Geoffrey attacked them in the Apologia with 
vigour and fury. He tore asunder the insulting rubbish 
Barry had put together in his book, he did not leave much of 
Stanihurst that he did not rend to bits ; heavy is the weight of 
his hand falling on Camden and on Spenser. Indeed, he is 
like some great champion, like Cuchulainn or Achilles, his 
arms ready in his hands, clad in armour from heaH to foot, 
while he strikes down with zeal and fierce wrath those 
diminutive persons who gave false evidence against his coun- 
try and who insulted his people. 

Were he alive to-day he would belabour with his staff's edge 
the historians who are held at present in esteem, Froude, 
Macaulay and Hume. He says in the Apologia: — 

" There is no historian who treats of Ireland that does not 

3964 SeACfun 6eicinn« 

fom Atr\A6, ionnuf jjufAbe nof beAjnAcS An pmompottAin 'oo ^nf"o 
as f5fiobA"b A V 6ifeAnnACAib . . ; s if e T)o jni-o cnomAT) 
Af beAfAib fo-"OAoineA"d A$uf cAitteA6 mbeAg n-uif-ifeAt Af- 
•ocAbAifc mAit-gniorii nA n-uAfAt 1 n-oeAfmAt), Aguf An mei-o a 
DAineAf fif tiA feAn-^Ae-deAlAit) "oo bi Ag Aiciu$At) An oiteAm feo 
flA UgAbAtCAIf da reAti-$Aitt," ic. 

1f mime a goinceAf An tlefo'oocuf 5 Ae>oeA t- AC A P SeACnun, 
A 5 U T *T "oenfnn j;uf mof a bfuit x>o CofrhAiteACc eAcofCA AfAon. 
Ua CAinc SeACfun T>eAf, f impure, mitif-bfiACf aC, tnAn CAinc 
" AtAf An cSeAnCAif." SeAnAio AfAon bAoc-focAit, neAm- 
bfiogriiAfA, neAm-fATOmeArhtA, acc 'n-A n-ionAt) aca fumneAm if 
cacac i ngAC tine "oa fcAfCAib. Cuifi-o AfAon ifceAC ti4 buif- 
fgeAtcA t>AineAf te n-A "ocif, £An AriifAf -oo cun Af a bfimnne. 
t)'e "heno-oocuf An CeA-o fCAifit)e x>o Cuif feAnCAf nA nSfeigeAd 
n-eA^Af if 1 gcfumneAf, A$uf cio-6 gun b'fAT)A 'n-A -6iAit> -oo 
fSfiob fe, b'e Ceicmn An ceA-o feAnCAi-oe "o'Of"oin$ if "oo CeAfcuig 
i flACC, ip i n-eA^Aif feAnCAf nA njAetteAt; "Oo bAin nA fiti"6e — 
nA 5f 61515 if nA HoriiAnAi5 — a t&n Af fCAfCAib tlefo-oocuif, A$uf 
5 fAn 5cumA gceA-onA Cug Ceicmn mnbeAf a n-oocAm -oof nA 
fiti-oib 5Ae-6eAlA<iA, -o'Ao-dASAn Ua TlACAitte, -oo SeAjAn CtAfAC 
tTlAC "OomnAitt, if -o'eojAn ttuAT). ACc ni feicimi-o "oiojfAif 1 
•ocAOb nA fifmne, nA feAfs Cum nAifiAT) a cife Af An ngfCASACj 
"bionn fe cunn, focAif, feim 1 gconinui-Oe 1 meAfj; fCAfA if uif- 
fgeit, et quidquid Grcecia mendax audet in historiis, acc ni tdgf eA-6 
An 5Ae*eAlAC fUAinne "oo CeAfc nA x>o caiL a cife te n-A T>eAf5 

ObAif teigeAncA, "ooimin if eA-6 " Cfi t)iof-$Aoite An t)Aif," 
tAn -oo ftmiAinciG "oia-oa if "oo niACcnAtn f AitmieAmA t Af An 
beACAib -OAonnA, if a^ a CfioC. 1f longAncAC a^ tog fe Af feAn- 

Ug-OAfAlt) 1f Af OlbfeACAlb nA nAOtn, AgUf 1f btAfCA ca An ObAif 

Af f A-o fomnce 1 teAttfAib Aguf 1 n-AtCAib. ACc if cfom, tATOin- 
eAtriAit An CAinc acA Ann 6 Ciiif 50 T»eifeAt), bio* 50 bfuit fi 
tAfCA fuAf Annfo if Annfu-o te fseAt beAg gfeAnnttiAf niAf An 
eACCf a fAin Af " tTlAC UeccAn." 

ObAif An-teigeAncA 1 n-oiA-OACc if 1 nofAiinAib ha neAgtAife if 
eA-o " eoCAif S51AC An Aiffinn." 1li teif "oiimn Aon uj-OAf eite 
cuifeAf An oifeAt) fAin -oo CuAififg a^ neitib bAineAf teif ah 
AipfeAnn, coin beACc, Com cinnce fin 1 teAbAf X)A mei"o. ACc 
«"n-A CeAnncA f Am, ca An Cahic Coin fimpti'oe, Com ^feAnncA, Com 
binn, Com bn1o$m<*f fAin, gAn t>AOt-f octAib nA f Aiticib CAfCA sun 
pufAVfce "o'AoinneAC e l6igeAt) guf 1 n-oiuj 

Geoffrey Keating. 3965 

endeavour to vilify and calumniate both the old English 
settlers and the native Irish. Of this we have proof in the 
accounts of Cambrensis, Spenser, Stanihurst, Hanmer, Cam- 
den, Barclay, Morrison, Davis, Campion, and every other 
English writer who has treated of this country since that time, 
so that when they write of the Irish, they appear to imitate 
the beetle . . . This is what they do, they dwell upon the 
customs of the vulgar and tTie stories of old women, neglecting 
the illustrious actions of the nobility and everything relating 
to old Irish who were the inhabitants of this island before 
the English invasion." 

Geoffrey has often been called the Irish Herodotus, and, 
indeed, both closely resemble one another. Geoffrey's style is 
pretty, simple, smooth and harmonious, like that of the Father 
of History. Both avoid turgid, feeble, unsubstantial words, 
but instead there is vigour and strength in every line of their 
narratives. Both insert the romances that pertain to their 
country, without raising a doubt as to their truth. Herodotus 
was the first historian who gave a regular methodical history 
of the Greeks, and, though he came long after, Keating was 
the first historian who regulated and arranged in proper order 
the history of the Gaels. The poets, both Greek and Roman, 
drew largely on the accounts of Herodotus, and in the same 
way Keating gave food enough to the Irish poets, to Egan 
ORahilly, to John Claragh MacDonnell and to Eoghan Ruadh. 
But we miss zeal for his country and rage against her enemies 
in the Greek. He is ever calm, gentle, steady in the midst of 
history and romance, " and whatever lying Greece has the 
courage to put in her histories." But the Irishman woulcl not 
let a particle of his country's fame and right go undisputed 
with her inveterate foe. 

" The Three Shafts of Death " is a deep, learned work, full 
of holy thoughts and of profound meditation on human life 
and on its end. He has drawn with astonishing fulness on 
the old authors and on the works of the saints, and the entire 
work is neatly divided into books and sections. But from 
beginning to end, the style is heavy and Latin-like, though it 
is occasionally lit up with a humorous story like that of " Mac 

" The Key-Shield of the Mass " is a work of great learning 
in theology and in Church ritual. We do not know any 
author who gives such a full account of the things that per- 
tain to the Mass, so exact, so accurate in a Book of its size. 
But in addition to this, the style is so simple, so delightful, so 
melodious, so forceful, without turgidity of words or entangled 

3966 £oif no fiAf if f eAff An bAite- 

Aimfif Cemnn AnuAf niof f^tnobA-b a l&n *oo ftfbf bunA- 
■bAfAC. "Do cuifeA-b At)bAf eACcfAi-be le ceite Aguf fgeAtcA Af 
gniorhAftAib acac, Ajjuf ni mop 'n-A "oceAnncA fAin.- "Do Ung- 
eA-oAf nA bug'OAif ^Ae-oeAiACA Af fAnnA *do rft$fj;aitc, if bA 
mitif, AOibmn a ^cum "oAn if AmfAn. 

£oif 11C fiAf if feAff An bAite — An CneArhAife. 
(te h-'QnA ni £AifteAttAi$.) 

Hi fAib An fmncebifeACC i bfAT> A|\ fiubAt nuAif fteAmnui$ ah 
CneArhAife AmAC -uaca a ^An-fiof T>6ib. 

SuAf An CAfAn teif A5 "o^AnArh Af tAoib nA n-AitttfeA6 *oo'n 
oile^n. CinomAin fe Aif 50 "oci 50 fAib f£ Af bAff nA cutCA: 
"Do fCAt) fe Annpn. 5 6 5 U F tf&an tAi"oin An feAf 6, *oo bi An 
Aoif A5 ceAnnAt) 50 "OAmgeAn Aif, "| niof rrnpoe ttb a fjit "oo 

t)ni An jeAlAC 50 bAfo 'fA fpeif, Aguf *oo b'feiT)if An c-oileAn 
Ajuf An f^Aif f^e "o'feicfin 50 stAn f oiteif. 

"Do b'AUnnn cium An c-ArhAfC "oo bi of a CorhAif AmAC, acc 
1 f c1 S 1 SCfoibe An cfeAn-fif x>o bi AnpAt) An fiubAt. t)'AmtAi , b 
nAf AifMj fe a com "oeAf if •oo fAmtuig An "oorhAn 1 n-Atimciott: 
tli f Aib a fiof acc A5 "Dia AmAin cat> "do bi '5A fuAtA-b. 

Cbf Ait f£ a tArfiA of cionn a Cmn, Aguf At)ubAifC of <SfT> : 

" tiom fein if eAt> e ! tiom-f a AmAin ! tli f uit 6An-bAinc aj 
•otnne Af bit eite teif. TD'iocAf 50 rrtAit Af — 50 *oiAn-tftAit ! " 

Af AJJAlt) teif Afif A5 fiubAt AJUf AJ fif-fUlbAt, "OlfeAC 1f "OA 

mb6A"6 'n-A AigneAt) fcoifm a Cfoite "oo tA$"ouj;At> Af at\ n6f 

tliof b'fA*0A *>6 A5 imteACc mAf fin 50 "oci 50 fAib f6 1 ngAf 

•OO nA tlAlttCfeACAlb. 

Annfom *oo fCAt) fe 50 tiobAnn, mAf bA "6615 teif 50 jcuaIato 
fe jut "ouine eijin. Ctimn fe cluAf le neifceACc Aif fern, Aguf 
■oo b'AmtAit) "o'eif A^Att *o'Amfif 50 fAib fe cmnce 'n-A tAoib. 
5ut mnA A5 caoi "oo b'eAt) e, ^An 56. 

-Af mbfeAtnugA'd "bb Af An Aifo Af a "ocAinis An fuAim, bA teif 
■06, f^AtAm beAj UAit), "ouine eigeAn leA^tA teif An gctAi'be. 

"Obf ui-o f6 teif An Aic, Ajuf "o'Ai|n$ fe jAn moitt suf b'i lllAife 
t)nin "oo bi Ann fonrie. 

tli fAib a fiof Aici "otnne nA •OAon'OAi'be "00 belt 1 n-A bAice, 
Ajuf -00 pfeAb fi te neAfc fgebm nuAif x»o teAg fe a l~Am Af a 

East, West, Home's Best. 3967 

expressions, that anyone might easily read it even at the 
present day. 

From Keating's time onward not much original prose was 
written. A number of adventures and stories about the ex- 
ploits of giants was composed but very little more. Irish 
authors betook themselves to the composition of verse, and 
sweet and delightful were the poems and songs they composed. 

From "An Cneambaire." 
By Una Ni Fhaircheallaigh. 
(Miss Agnes O'Farrelly.) 

The dancing had not long begun when the Cneamhaire slipped 
out unnoticed. 

Up the path he went towards the cliff side of the island. 
Still onwards until he was on the top of the height. He 
paused there. Though a strong, stout man, age was pressing 
on him, and he had, perforce, to rest. 

The moon was high in the sky, and the island and the sea 
could be plainly seen. The scene before him was beautiful 
and calm, but within the heart of the old man a storm was 
raging. Thus it was he did not notice how beautiful the world 
seemed about him. God only knew what was oppressing him. 

He waved his arms above his head and spoke aloud : 

" It is my own ! Mine alone ! Nobody else has any claim 
to it. I paid well for it — right well." 

On he went again, walking, ever walking, just as if he had 
it in his mind thus to subdue the storm in his heart. 

He was not long walking at that rate until he drew near to 
the cliffs. 

Then he stopped suddenly, for he thought he heard some- 
body's voice. He set himself to listen, and after a short space 
of time he was certain of it. The voice of a woman crying, 
that it was, without doubt. 

When he looked towards the place whence the sound came 
he saw clearly somebody leaning against the fence. 

He drew near, and perceived at once that it was Maire Bhan 
who was there before him. 

3963 Soin no fun ir peAnn & n bAite. 

" 11A connuig, a teAnAib: 11A biot> pAicCeAr one, Con An bit ! " 

Hi -bubAinc 1TI4ipe jrocAt, Agur reo An AgAit) e te n-A Cum 

" Hi ceAnc T>uic, a AlbAine,- a rcoin, beit Atnuig 1 n-AonnAic -\ 
An orbCe aca Ann; CA An comtuA'OAn Ag £uin©ACc teAC 'r a scir- 

Hi meArFA"0 einneAC $un D ' 6 At1 Cn©ArftAine T)o 01 Ag CAincj 

" tic ! a SneAmAir ! An curA acA Ann ? HA bAC Horn 1 CAit- 
pi-b me teiginc "oom' Cuit> bnbm: t)eAT) nior ^eAnn "OA bA^n 1 
gceAtin CAtnAitt." 

" .ACc T>ubnAT)An Horn, a IHbAine, gun cu t?ew Af cionncAC teif 
An cuflAf -| An AifoeAn reoj Uuise uaC bpAnpA A5 do rtiAtAin 'rA 
mbAite -] Ag peA"OAn £at>a ! " 

" Umge, a n-eA-6 ? cA fAt 50 tebn teir, muir, aCc cia An mAit 
beit A5 cAinc Auoir ? " An ah coinc, t>o fit nA "oeonA iciti •) 
cnom fi An gut Anif.' 

tlion Cuin An CneAifiAine irceAC uinni An f ait> "oo teAn ri An beit 
A5 caoi, acc nuAin "o'einig ri nior ciuine An bAtt "o'fiAnrnuig f6 
•oi cia An v&t "bi beit A5 imteACc a^ 6ineAnn: 

" 11A ceil onm em-Ceo "oo'n pnmne " Anr' reireAn ip& Debit); 
" Ca-o pAoi n-oeAnA 50 bruit cu a$ imteACc UAinn ? " 

" *Oo bnig 50 bpuit eAf bAi-b Aingm o|\m " Apr ^n CAitin boCc. 

" An c-AinseAt) ! An c-Ain^eAD ! " Anr' An CneAriiAine 50 neArii- 
foig-oeAC, " 'S e An f^eAi cCa-oua e 1 scomnAiDe ; acc biob 'v lo r 
a^ac, a CAitin, 50 bruit a lAn nux>Ai 'r a -oorhAn nior peAnn 1 bpA-o 
'nA Ati c-AinseAT* fein." 

Hi tug lYlAine pneAgnA An bit Ain, "oo Oi An oineAt> foin longAn- 
c<\ir uinni: 

" 11 ac bpuit peAT)An asaz ! " Anr' reireAn « ^5«r nAC teCn 
■otnc C fin ? " 

" UA — peA-DAn — A^Ani ; if pion "buic e, " Anr^ tHAine 1 troein- 
eA-b nA -oAIaC, *' aCc — ni tnigim Cu; IIac bpuit'oua ajac pCm 'yAn 
AingeAt) ? 5 AttAim pAnt)un a^ac, a StieAtnAif ; ni '$A CArA-b teAC 
ACAim, Con An bit." 

" Hi fruit pocAt bneige Ann, a ingeAn 6. 1f nibf i mo tuit 'r Ari 
Ai^seA-o te teAt-CCA-o bliAbAn, aCc ni nAib An f5 6 ^ mA V T 1 " ^5 Arn 
niArh. t)hi tA eite AgAm. t)tii mC 65 t bior 1 ngnA-b Com mait 
teAc-rA, i b'pei-oin nior "ooimne 'nA mA^ AcAin-pe; t)nior boCc, t 
bi r i f e boCc, j?neirin. "O'f^sbAr mo CeAT) rtAn Aid -\ t>o bAiti- 
geAf Horn 50 nAimeifiocA te cAnnAn Aifgit) "oo Cun a^ mum a 
Ceile -| te beAn uAfAt ■oo "OeAnAm *oom' rpein-beAn. "O'lmtigeAf 
Horn fiAn gun fnoiCeAr lAntAn ua ScAc n-Aoncuigte. CtiAiteAf 
pottinc bLiAX)AncA Ann *j "o'einig An fAogAt tiom 50 seAts 1f 

East, West, Home's Best. 3969 

She did not know that there was man or mortal near her, 
and she started in affright when he laid his hand on her head : 

" Do not stir, child. Don't be the least afraid." 

Maire did not say a word, and he proceeded : 

"It is not right for you, Maire a stoir, to be out alone this 
night. The company are watching for you in the kitchen." 

Nobody would think it was the Cneamhaire who was talking. 

" Och ! * Seamas ! Is it you that is in it ? Don't mind me ! 
I must give way to my sorrow. I shall be the better of it after 
a little." 

" But they told me, Maire, that it is you yourself are 
accountable for this journey. Why would you not stay at 
home with your mother and with Peadar Fada?" . 

" Why is it? xhere is plenty of reason for it; but what 
is the use of talking now? " Her tears fell on the moment 
and she began to cry again. 

The Cneamhaire did not disturb her whilst she wept, but 
when she grew calmer by-and-by, he asked her why she was 
leaving Ireland. 

" Don't conceal one scrap of the truth from me," he said at 
last. " What is the cause of your leaving us? " 

' Because I am in want of money," said the poor girl. 

" Money ! money ! " said the Cneamhaire impatiently. " The 
same story always; but know, girl, that there are plenty of 
things in the world better far even than money." 

Maire was so surprised that she did not answer him. 

11 Have you not Peadar," he said, " and is not that enough 
for you? " 

" I have — Peadar — it is true for you," said Maire at long 
last; " but — I don't understand you. Don't you yourself care 
for money? Forgive me, Seamus; it is not upraiding you with 
it I am at all." 

" There is not a word of lie in it, girl. I have been eager 
for money for the past fifty years; but it was not so with 
me always. I was once otherwise. I was young, and I was 
in love as well as you. I was poor, and she was poor also. 
I bade her a long farewell, and I took myself off to America 
to put some money together, and to make my sweetheart a 
lady. I moved on till I reached the west of the United States. 
I spent some years there, and the world throve with me. I 
used seldom get a letter from 'Ireland, except, now and again, 
a couple of words from her, to say she was well, or the like 
of that. 

Once, a year went by, and never a word from her. I could 

3970 Soif no fiAf if peAff -An bAite. 

AnnAm a $eibmn teicif 6 6ifinn aCc AmAin cuptA pocAt Anoip ^ 
Afip UAiti-feAn '$A fAt> 50 f Aib fi 50 mAit, Asuf a teiteitri fin. 

" Aon uAif AitiAm Cuai-6 bliA'bAin tdf Ainn t £An f ocAt A^&m 
uAiti. Tliof b'pei-oif tiom a puling t>eit ^An cuAifipj; uiffi, 7 6 
tAftA An c-Am fin 50 f aid foinnc mAit Aifgi-o 1 -ocAifsi-o Ag^m, 
C115 me AgAit) Af An mbAile Afif. Oc ? mo teAn geAf if mo 
tomA-o tuxxm ! ni fAib foifiAtn aCc a nuxM*;. 'San uai$ CCa-oiia 
ctnfeA'6 nA comuffAin U1I15 nac mof, btiAt)Ain nA gofCA. SAit- 
eAt) ifceAC te ceite iat> 1 n-eAn-polt AmAin. 

" a "OniA nA nsf AfCA ! 1 a$ f ^$t)Ait bAip teif An ocf Af Af 
tAoib An bot^if -J mife 1 bf at> uaici *i 5An fmeAfoiu eolAif Agam 
Af a cAf ! Sif e 5^n f utd te cuf 1 n-A beAt aici t mife tAll 
1 nAimeifiocA, mo pocA tAn 50 beAl -D'AifseA-o." 

T)o f AiiiUng eA-OAn An cfeAn-pif 50 militeAC fA fotAf nA seAl- 
Aije. T)'iomptii$ fe uaici beAsAn -\ Cfom fe Af AmAfc AmAC Caf 
An bfAiffse 6 tuai-oi 

t>rti a flop as TTIAife 50 fAib fe A5 -oeAnAm mAfAntA Af uai$ 
moif DtiA"6nA nA gofCAn tuAf 1 sConuAe mnin$eo •] niof teig pi 
focAL Af lAf. T n-A teAbAi-o pm, if -AmtAi-o 50 fug fi Af Uim 
Aif. "0'Aifi$ fi V^W S An D Fi$ E An f«mneAiti ij 

t)ni An cAilin as bAiUCfit acc ni ptiACc nA boi"bce fA n-oeafA 
e. Tliof b'e An CneAtfiAife ^0 bi of a corhAif acc CAittbpe -o'eifit; 
CuiciAf tAeceAnncAib a 015c 

" A StieAmAif boiCc ! a SheAmAip boiCc ! " Aff' fife of ifeAi. 
Tliof Cuif ax\ feAn-feAf e^n-cftnm mnci, aCc "o'fAn fe A5 AmAfc 
Am^c t>o tAoib An T)tiA tjnemn "Oe^s jAn coffAije Af. 

t)tiiox»Af mAf fin Af peAtt CAmAiU, mAit Aimpife. 

" t>'peiT>if guf Ab e An f At 50 bpint -ouil a^avd 'f An AifseAt)," 
Aff' An CneArhAife fA "OeifeAt), " juf iocAf Com "OAOf fin .f. 
tHonn An c-^ifgeAt) mAf fmt Of comAif mo t)A full — 50 "oe^fs, 
50 x»eAf5 1 gcomnATOe. 1f mAf fin a cim-fe e." 

TDo Cf om mAif e a ceAnn fiof -j pos fi a lAim. T)'Aifi$ Se^m^f 
*oe6f ^5 cuicim leici. 

t)nio-OAf Af Aon 1 n-A "ocofc 50 ceAnn CAmAitt: 

" ni imteojA-o Af An oiteAn, Cof Af bit," AffA TTIAife 50 

" tli imteojA cu, An n-eAt ? An 6 fin a n-AbfAnn cu ? Acc 
An •ocmseAnn cu 'n-A CeAfC meATD nA boCcAnACcA a beAf Ag 501U- 
e^-0 ofc Annfeo, mA fAn^if ? ' 

" Tli fuil "ouine 'f a "oomAn a tuigeAntif niof feAff 'nA mife 
Com cfom -J a bionnf An gAnncAf 1 An boCcAnACc ^5 5^0 da t>o 
mumncif AfAnn — aCc 'n-A "biAit) fin fein pAnpAT) 'fA mbAile 1 
n-Ainin "Oe." 

East, West, Home's Best 3971 

not bear to be without tidings of her, and since it happened, 
that time, that I had a good deal of money saved, I faced for 
home. Och! my sharp sorrow and my lasting woe! I found 
only her grave before me. In the same grave nearly all the 
neighbours were buried, the famine year. They were all cast 
into the one hole." 

" Oh ! God of Grace ! she dying with hunger by the side 
of the road, and I far from her, without a gleam of knowledge 
as to her state! She without anything to put in her mouth, 
and I beyond in America, my pocket chock-full with money ! " 

The face of the old man looked wan in the light of the moon. 
He turned from her a little and gazed out over the sea to the 

Maire knew that he was thinking deeply of the big grave 
of the famine year up in County Mayo, and she never let slip 
a word. Instead, she took hold of his hand. She felt it cold 
and nerveless and clammy. 

The girl was trembling, but not from the coldness of the 
night. It was not the Cneamhaire who was before her, but 
a ghost which came to her from the days of his youth. 

" Poor Seamas ! poor Seamas ! " she said softly. The old 
man did not heed her, but continued to look towards the Twelve 
Pins without ever stirring. 

Thus they remained for a long while. 

" Perhaps the reason I have such a desire for money," said 
the Cneamhaire at last, " is because I paid for it so dearly. 
Money is like blood before my two eyes — red, red, always. 
That is how I see it." 

Maire bent her head and kissed his hand. Seamas felt a 
tear falling from her. 

They were both silent for a time. 

" I shall not leave the island at all," said Maire hastily. 

" You will not go, is it, Is that what you say ? But do 
you rightly understand the greatness of the poverty that will 
weigh on you if you stay? " 

" There is no one in the world understands better than I do 
hov: heavy want and poverty lie on the people of Aran; but, 
even so, I shall stay at home, with the help of God." 

" It is well," said the Cneamhaire. 

The next morning the island folk went eastwards, one by 

3972 £oin no pAn if FeAnn An bAite. 

" Ua 50 mAit," Anr' An CneArhAine." 

An mAiom IA An n-A bAnAC cuA-ooAn mumnceAn An oile^iti 1 
n"oiAi"o a ceile roin 50 "oci An pAnAn: t)bi nA cunACA 1 ^coin Cum 
tiA jcAiiini "do bi Le "out tAn teAn "oo bneit aj\ bont> An tons* 

" Uuige 50 bpuil. cup* A5 CAomeAt) ? " A|\rA peAOAn £at>4 
nuAin ■o'An'ouig TTIAine VJhAn a gut com mAit te cAc. " 1p mui"o- 
ne a bear A5 CAomeAt) m do "CiatO." 

" Oim A5 cAoineA-6 1 nt)iAit) tia gCAitini aca An ci imteACC { 
uAinn," AnfA tT)Aine. 

" An "oa p'nib aca cu, a TTItiAine ? 'An troo,' ni ceAnc ouic 
beit aj; pontiiAio pum menu "| uaIaC An mo cnorOe." 

" tl! A5 -oeAnAtfi ronm<M"o' p'ic AcAim, muip "Ca rn'inncmn 
focAin AgAm An pxnACc LeAc, cibe bocc pM"Obin tu, no cibe An 
pMt> a cAitpmn) beit A5 reiteAm te n-A Ceile." 

t1i CneiopeAtt peAOAn a cliiAfA pem. 

" 1f A5 rriAgAt) rum aca cu, ca tn6 A5 ceApA"6 1" 

" t1i beAt) 50 "oeimm ! til "OeAnpAinn a teitCit) one An An 


" Cneioim tu Anoip muip Ace ni tin^im An fjjeAl con An 
bit. Cat> a tug one An c-ACAnnugAt) inncmn' reo ? " 

" AifLms a bi AgAtn Aneip a pneAOAin, no bniongloio, mAn 
A-oeAntA. ShAoileAf 50 pMb cufA 10' feAn-feAn CnofOA gAn 
rumneAm 1 00 geAgAio nA gnAt) e'emne' 1 00 Cnoi"6e. t)ni cu 
10' lArgAine componcAmAit Annro. t)ni mire t'eir AimeipocA, 
cIoca fio-OA onm -j kaca gleAfCA 50 oeAr le nibini Aguf a teit- 
eioi eile, AinseATD mo -OotAinc 1m' rpAn^n A5Am -\ 'c uite CineAl 
mAoin' 1m' feiLb. tDhioppx A5 gAbAilc ruAr- An boitnin 1 n-Aice 
nA noiLig' ■] me a$ ceACc a bAile; CAp*t> t>Am Annpn tu, ACc 
niop Altm cii me, Con An bit." 

" ' TT)ire tTIAine t)hAn,' Aoubn^r teAC. 

" ' Tli cu,' AnfA cufA 50 peAnSAt ; ' ni cu 50 "oeiriun. t3bi 
tTIAine — mo ttlnAine ve — 1 n-A cAit n 05 flAccriiAn, Aguf cax> mAn 
geAti onc-fA ? SeAn-beAn pofCAmAit gnAnoA tci aza conuigte 
mA^i peACoig 1 ngiobtACAib fnoil. t1i cufA TIIAine 50 oeimm.' 

" t)'peAtAf rior 1 bpott uifge a bi caoid liorn -| -oo b'e r 1r1 An 
CCao uAin •D'AinigeAr me rem ao^oa jnAnoA ; bi An ceAnc A5AC. 

" ' 1f mife tTIAine "bnAn,' AouOfAf Anip 

" "C'rCAC cu onm Annpn ioip An "oA full ■] An yAX> a bior mAn 
Aon teAC nion tos cu 00 fiiile "Oiom. 

" ' 1f AmiAi-0 Aoein cia,' Anr^ curA, ' acc ni tneioim tu — ni curA 
An TTinAine a -ocular 5^t) oi pA-o o. Cnior 'r At1 P 011 ^ u> ° b'feAnn 

East, West, Home's Best. 3973 

one, towards the slip. The curachs were ready to bring the 
girls who were going abroad on board the steamer. 

"Why are you 'caoining'?" said Peadar Fada, when 
Maire Bhan raised her voice like the others. " It is we who 
shall be ' caoining ' after you.' " 

" I am ' caoining' for the girls who are about to leave us," 
said Maire. 

"Are you serious, Maire? In troth, it is not right for 
you to make fun of me to-day and a load on my heart." 

"It is not making fun of you I am, maiseadh. I have my 
mind made up to stay with you, whether you are rich or poor, 
or however long we must wait for each other." 

Peadar would not believe his own ears. 

"It is making fun of me you are, I am thinking." 

4 It is not indeed ! I would not do the like on you for the 

"I believe you now, indeed! But I don't understand the 
story a bit. What caused you this change of mind? " 

" A vision I had last night, Peadar, or a dream, as you 
might say. I thought that you had become an old, contrary 
man, without energy in your limbs, or love to anyone in your 
heart. You were a comfortable fisherman here. I had come 
back from America. I had a silk cloak on me, and a hat 
beautifully decked with ribbons and such like things^ with 
plenty of money in my purse and every kind of means in my 
possession. You were going up the lane near the graveyard 
when I was on my way home. I met you there, but you did 
not recognise me at all." 

" ' I am Maire Bhan,' I said. * You are not,' you replied 
angrily ; 4 not you, indeed. Maire — my Maire — was a fine 
young girl; and what about you? A proud, ugly, old woman, 
titivated like a peacock in silken rags! You are not Maire 
Bhan indeed.' 

" I looked down in a pool of water beside me, and that was 
the first time I noticed myself old and ugly. You were right." 

" ' I am Maire Bhan,' I said again. 

" You looked at me then between the two eyes, and as long 
as I was with you you did not lift your eyes from me. 

" ' So ycu say, but I don't believe^' you said. ' You are not 
the Maire I loved long ago. Down in the graveyard yonder 
1 would rather her to be than to resemble you now. I don't 
know you at all.' And saying that, you went off. I was 

3974 Soifv no pi An ip f eAff An t)Aite» 

tiotn f 'belt 'nA beit'mAp cupA Anoip. 1 tlf Aitnigim tu top Ap 
bit.' Agup 'gA f^"b fin, Ay 50 bpAt teAC. t)niop pA$tA nn' 
AonApAn 30 bponAt. Sin 1 An bnionglfii-o a bi AgAm; tlAt Aip- 
ceAt e ? " 

" lli fuit cu I'd' feAn-beAn pop, a pum ! T)o b'AgrhApAt An 
bpionstbix) -OAtn-rA i, cibe p$eAt e. Asup, An n-AbpAnn cu, a 
rnnAipe, gun bpiongtbi-o a tug one pAnAcc 'fA mbAite ? ' 

tliop meAp TTlAine sun teApc T>i pgeAt At1 CbneAriiAipe t>'innpinc 
gAn ceA-o aici UA1-6. tTlAp -pin A"oubAipc pi : — 

" 6 pm Agup nwoAi eile." 

" t)ui"oeACAr mop "oo T)niA," AnrA peA-OAn: 

" tlAt mon An c-ion^AncAp nAc mbeiteA as bpAit te "oo *iot 
mnA 'pAgbAit ? " A-oubAinc AtAin pneAt)Aip teip cuptA tA 1 n-A 
■01A1-6 fin. " TIac -oeAf "OAtAriiAit An cAitin 1 ttlAipe CHacac, m- 
geAn nA bAincneAbAige tiAn 1 gCionn An t)HAite ? " 

Cnmp peA-OAn ctuAp te neipceAtc Aip pein. X)a mbA gup tmc 
An gniAn AnuAp Ar An ppeip ni tuippeAt) ye niop mo longAncAip 


tli nAib re 1 n-inmm oipeAT* te focAt t>o f.A-6: 

" Ca ye 1 n-Am -oo CbAic, ppeipin, cup fuiti 1 n-Aic -oi rem. tli 
nACA-b beipe mAigipcpeAp te ceite 1 n-em-ceAt AmAin. Cat* e -oo 
meAr An mnAC tli DnonncA-bA; tli fuit ptT> CAtrhAn Aige, Ate 
mAn fin fein, 'An n-oo', ip bpeAg tAix»in An bUAtAitt e. "OAOine 
mACAncA a b'eA-b iao a peAtc pinnpip noime." 

tlion peAT) peAT>An pocAt "oo tun Ay, Agup niop tuig ye pcAit> 
r\A ceipce cuige 'nA Ay tAn-top. 50 -oeimin, niop cuig Ate An 
oipeA-o te ceAp bnoige, mAp AX>eAytA, acc -oa mbiot ye -oo tAtAip 
*yA peompA beA$ CAOib tiAp "oo'n tip-om pgAtAm beAg 1 n-A ttiAit> 
pin ip t>6ca 50 "ocuigpeA-O ye An c-iomftAn 50 "oiAnriiAit. 1p peAn- 
pocAt e, A$up ip piop, 50 -ocAipbeAnAnn cpAitnin cpet nA gAoite. 

Ay bAtt nuAip "oo bi An c-Aop 05 tiop Ay An ITIuipbeAt, peo 
€ An CneAttiAipe ipceAt turn AtAy pneAX>Aip Agup mAtA Ai?:e 1 n-A 

Seo 6 AS CAppAins tAin a gtAice "oo piopA^b tip AmAt Ay An 
mAtA, Agup as AipeArii cpi pitit) punnc Ay An gctAp op a corhAip, 
Agup peo 6 ftp '5A pAt), Agup 6 as peACAin 30 ^tmn s& A V> A V Aa 
bpeAp eite : 

" tli tuippi-t ComAp StieAgAin nuAitpi bApp a rhtipe pAtAige Ay 
mo turo Aipsi"o 50 "oeo. "OAp pA-O, ni tuippit; 1p "oo'n SV&*> 
Agup ■oo'n tij;e ACAim '5A tAbAipc; 

East, West, Home's Best. 3975 

left alone, deserted and in sadness. That is the dream I had. 
Is it not strange? " 

" You are not an old woman yet, a ruin ! It was a lucky 
dream for me anyhow. And, do you say, Maire, that it was 
a dream caused you to stay at home? " 

Maire did not think herself justified in telling the 
Cneamhaire's story without leave from him; so she answered: 

" That and other things." 

" Great thanks be to God ! " said Peadar. 

" Isn't it a great wonder you wouldn't be looking out to 
get a wife to suit you," said Peadar's father to him a couple 
of days later. " Isn't Maire Chatach, the daughter of the 
widow over in Cronn-an-Bhaile, a nice, good-looking girl ? " 

Peadar set himself to listen. If the sun fell down out of 
the sky it would not surprise him more. He was unable to 
say as much as a word. 

" It is time for Cait, too, to settle down in a place of her 
own. Two mistresses would not go well together in one house. 
What do you think of young Mac Donnchadha? He has not 
a sod of land, but, even so, he is a fine, strong boy. Honest 
people they were, his seven generations before him." 

Peadar could not get out a word, and he did not understand 
the state of the question at all. In truth, he did not, any 
more than a shoemaker's last, as one might say; but if he 
were present in the little room beyond the kitchen afterwards, 
it is likely that he would understand the whole matter right 
well. It is an old proverb, and it is a true one, which says 
that a straw shows how the wind blows. 

By-and-by, when the young people were down in the 
muirbheach, the Cneamhaire comes in to Peadar's father and 
a bag in his hand. 

He draws the full of his hand of gold pieces from the bag, 
and counting out sixty pounds on the table before him, he 
Bays, looking steadily and sharply af the other man: 

" Tomas Sheaghan Ruaidhri will never put the top of his 
dirty finger on my money. By heavens, he'll not. It is 
to love and to youth I am giving it." 


An n Aim j 

510CA Af An " n510t>tA<Mtt.*' 
("Giflfseal le coiner ti-Aot>A.) 

t)fop A5 peACAinc amCeAll onm An fAit) "oo bi fe A5 CAinc, aj; 
bneAtnujAt) A|\ An feomfA A^ur An caoi 'n-A pAib fe cuftA le 
Ceile Aguf '§a fiAffuige im' Ai5neAt> pein cA bpuAif pe iia f usAin 
Af pat> nuAin T>ut)Ainc pe : 

" CA cii A5 "oeAnArh longAncAif -oem' teAjtAC Aj;tif ■oem' aiciII- 
roeACc: TIAC "oeAf-lAmAC An "ouine tne ? " 

"'Se&X), An m' f ocaL ; aCc cA bpuAfAif nA pu^Am 50 leif ? 
Astir mA'f iiAim acA Annfo, An nooig ni pAib em-CeAl leif An 
mbotAn ro 1 n-eAn-Con." 

" InneofArO mire "buic An bAll ; aCc An mb'Aic leAc An iiAim 
An fAT) t>' feifcinc ? " 

" 13'aic tiom," Anr a mire, " aCc cA re no-tuAt pop An cor 00 
cun pum." 

" lli'l, pioc," An peipeAn, " Corii paoa if cA re reo ajac," Aguf 
C65 fe mAroe Cfoife o'n gcuinne Aguf fin fe Cu^Atn e. 

" RAjAmAoix) AtnAC 50 poitl 50 bpeicpio cu mo piogACc-fA An 
fAO," Af fe. 

" Ace cA bpuAfAif ah mAroe cpoife ? ' A^fA mife teif. 

" CuifeAf le Ceile i An fAio -oo bi cu ro' CooIao. 5 ao 1 ^ ei ^ 
Atinfo Anoif Aguf CAbAif Aipe "oo'n Coif." 

€05 fe An cnillfeAn o'n mbofo A^uf "o' ofgAil fe "oopAf beAj; 
CAOb leif An ceAllAC Aguf CuAOniAf ApAon ifceAC. 11i f aca me a 
teiteio "oe fA"bApc o'n tA fugA* me 50 *oci fin Aguf ni fACA me 
fAOAfC niAp. e 6 foin; X)'\ An feompA beAg "oeAncA 50 oineAC 
5lAn Af An 5CA01 ceAonA 1 pAib An ceAnn eile, acc t>o bi fe lioncA 
f uAf 50 T>ci An -oof Af Le bApmAib "oe $a6 cineAl, Ajuf bio-OAf 50 
teif Com glAn Aguf Com foitlfeAC fom if gup bAineAT>Ap ax\ 
■p AOAfc "oiom, nAC mop, nuAip no CuAOAf ifceAC Af •octif. tHcoAp 
Af cfoCAt) Aise 6f cionn a ceile Af nA bAllAib tApc CimCeAll An 
CfeomfA Com paoa if b'feioip leif flige ■©' fAjAit "061b — gunnAi 
geAffA A5Uf piofCAil 50 leof, Aguf a tAn "oe CtAiomcib Aguf x>e 
bAi^neicib — Aguf bi cuio eile aca cfiiACcA 1 ngfosAnAib Af An 
uplAf. t)i wifnCif beA5, inneCin Ajuf inflifi gAbAnn 1 jcuinne, 
A£ u f bmnfe Aguf uiflifi fiumeAfA 1 gcuinne eile. t)i An peAf 
Ajuf An Aic A5 eifige niof Aifcijo j;aC eAn-noimmc. 

" 1f "061$ Horn 50 bpuilim pA -OfAoioeACc," AffA mife, naAif 
00 CogAf tAn mo put T»e'n CfeomfA. 

' lli'lif, niAife, 1 ti-eAn-Cof," AffA An " gioblACAn." 



From the Novel " An Gioblachan," by Tomas h-Aodha, 

{i.e., Thomas Hayes). 

I was looking round me, while he was speaking, examining 
the room and the manner in which it was constructed, and 
asking myself in my own mind where did he get all tlie hay- 
ropes, when he said: 

" You are making a wonder of my dwelling and of my skill. 
Am I not a handy man? " 

" You are, on my word ; but where did you get all the hay- 
ropes? And if this is a cavern, there was certainly no 
necessity for the cabin at all." 

" I'll tell you by-and-by ; but would you wish to see the 
cavern entirely? " 

" I would, indeed," I said, " but it is too soon yet to put the 
foot under me." 

" Not a bit," he replied, " while you have this," and he took 
a crutch from the corner and handed it to me. 

" We shall go out awhile," he said, " until you see my entire 

" But where did you get the crutch?" I said to him. 

" I put it together while you were asleep. Come hither now 
and take care of the foot." 

He took the lamp from the table, opened a little door beside 
the hearth, and we both went in. I did not see a sight like 
what I saw since I was born till then, nor did I see a sight 
like it since. The little room was made exactly in the same 
way as the other one, but it was filled to the door with arms 
of every description, and they were all so clean and so bright 
that they almost dazzled me when I entered first. They were 
hanging above each other, on the walls round the room, as 
far as he could find room for them — muskets and pistols in 
plenty, and many swords and bayonets — and others were 
stacked in heaps on the floor. There was a little furnace, an 
anvil, and a smith's tools in one corner, and a bench and a 
joiner's tools in another corner. The man and the place were 
getting stranger every moment. 

"I think I am under some enchantment," said I, when I 
had taken the full of my eye of the room. 

" You are not, indeed," said the Gioblachan. 

He took up one of the guns and rubbed it affectionately 
with his hand. 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— M 

3978 An tUitfi, 

"Oo C65 f£ fiiAf ceAnn t>e nA gunnAib Aguf t>o Cuimil fe i ja'o 
cmeAlcA te n-A lAim: 

" TTeAt," An reire^n, " nAC *oeAf An iiiflif i fin: tAinig pf 6 
AmeniocA Aguf "oo cwffeAt) fi pileAf Cfe "oume nAc mon mile 
o bAile ; Ate cipimi'o An ctnT> eite aca Afif; ~§aX) 1 leit Annf o. ri 

T)'pof5Ait fe "oonAf eile A^uf bAjAif fe AmAC onm. Tlion 
f:eAT)Af mo tAm t>' feifcmc bi fe Com ■ooncA foin. Tliof Cuitt.- 
nijeAf 50 nADAmAf. ;nf An uAim Aguf nuAin "o' peAtAf AniAC 
•oubf Af. 

" lie, nAt "ooncA i An oi"bte ! " 

tei5 An " giobtACAn " fmuc gAife Af : 

" TIaC "oonCA i An oniCe," Aff a 51.1t caod Amui§ t>iom: " tiA i 
tiA ! ' AnrA gut eite. Annfoin •oo lAbAif beifc no cfiiif eite 1 
n-6mpeACC niof f uroe AmAt, " tie ! nAC -oofCA " — " nA ! bA " — 
" An oitfce "— " HA ! HA ! bA ! "— " 11ac "— " tut -ooftA "— " bA i 
tiA ! "— " An oi-oce "— " bA ! bA ! nA ! "— Aguf mAf fin leo A5 
fgiSineACo Agur A5 •oeAnAm mAgAit) pum 50 fAib An Aic tAn fUAf 
•oe jncAnnAio. t)iot)Af tiof fum, ttiAf of mo cionn, An m'AjAit) 
AmAC Aguf An j;ac caod "oiorn; T)' imtijeA'OAn UAim 1 n-oiAit) a 
ceite Agvif -o' ifti$eAT>An fA "beifeA-o An nof nA fAib ionncA Ate 
fiofAnnAC A5 cneACA-o 1 gcinnnib nA btiAmA. 

T)ein mire gun bAin re pfeAb AfAm. UAmig fgAnnfAt) onm An 
■ociif Aguf 'nA "biAit) fin tAinig longAncAf Aguf UAtbAf An cfAo$- 
Ait onm, An nor nAf peAT>Af connuije Af An Aic 'n-A fAbAf im 
feAf am An peA* cuig noimmce. X)o bAjAin An " gioblACAn ' :| 
ifceAt onm. 

" TT)ac-aIIa," Aff a mife, nuAin bi An "oofAf "ouncA Aij;e. 

" 'SeA-O," An re, " nAC bneAg e ? " 

" tlion AinigeAr ni^m noime feo eAn-nuT) mAn e a6c 6An-uAin 
AtriAm ; Ate ni n^ib ceAtc fUAr An bit teif feo Aige. CA An uAim 
50 bAn-mOn if t>6Ca." 

" t)i cinnce "be fin. CAin 1*0' feAfAm Anoif a\^ bntiAC ^A^a 
uAtbArAige A^uf mA cA eAn-bnT)lAC AmAin Ann, cA fe 6f cionn 
mile cf 015 1 n"ooimneAec. TIA c6igif n 6-fA*OA Atr\At nuAif a beA-o 
A5 cAifbeAnc nA KuAtftA "buic, no b'fei'oin 50 bftnjteA "ouT)An it)* 
ceAnn ; comnig CAob ttAf T>iom-fA Aguf ni bei* bAojAt An bit of c." 

tog fe ftifebg 5iuniAife Aguf tuif f6 f^oitc beAg 'nA neA-CAn 
te cuai$. Annfom fUAif f6 fop bAff ai$ Aguf focfuig fe ifceAt 
'fAn fgoitc 6 Aguf tAf fe An bAffAt 1 mbACAll mAf bCAt) meAfb^; 
Af bAff nA ftifeoige. tluAif bi fe focfinjte 50 "OAingeAn aijs, 
turn f6 An ftifebg Ajjuf An bAffAt 1 bpocA otA Ajuf "o'fAs f6 
Ann iat) 50 fAib An otA fiiigce if ceAt 50 mAit ionncA. Uuy\f 
fA n-oeApA tom-tAitfeAt 50 fAib fe A5 tjeAnAm cbiffe tun nA 
buAriiA "oo tAifbeAnc "OAm. 

The Cavern. 3979 

"Look," said he, "is not that a pretty tool? It came from 
America, and it would put a bullet through a person almost 
a mile from home; but we'll see the remainder again. Come 
over here." 

He opened another door, and he motioned me out. I could 
not see my hand it was so dark. I did not recollect that we 
were in a cavern when I looked out, and I said : 

" Ugh ! is it not a dark night? " 

The Gioblachan let a little laugh out of him. 

" Is it not a dark night ! " said a voice outside me. " Ha ! 
ha ! " said another voice. Then two or three spoke together 
further out. " Ugh ! is it not "— " Ha ! ha ! "— " night "— 
" Ha ! ha ! ha ! "— " Is it not "— " Is it not a dark "— " Ha ! 
ha ! ha " — " night " — " Ha ! ha ! ha ! " — and so on with them, 
mimicking and making fun of me till the place was filled with 
voices. They were beneath me and over my head; they were 
directly in front of me and on both sides. They faded away 
one after the other, and they lowered at last so that there was 
not in them but a whisper, trembling in the corners of the 

I say that I was startled. Fright came on me at first, and 
afterwards the wonder and awe of the world came on me, so 
that I could not stir from the place in which I was standing 
for five minutes. The Gioblachan beckoned me inside. 

" An echo," said I, when he had closed the door. 

" Yes," said he, " is it not fine? " 

" I never before heard anything like it except once, but it 
could not come near this at all. The cavern is very large, 
I suppose." 

" Be sure of that. You are standing now on the brink of 
an aAvful chasm, and if it's an inch, it's over a thousand feet 
in depth. Do not go too far out when I am showing you the 
cavern, or perhaps you might get a reeling in your head. Keep 
behind me and there will be no fear of you." 

He took a chip of pinewood, and put a split in its end with 
a hatchet. Then he got a wisp of tow and fixed it into the 
split, and twisted it into a knob just like a ball on the top 
of the chip. When it was firmly fixed, he dipped the chip 
and the tow into a pot of oil, and left them there until the 
oil was well soaked into them. I observed directly that he 
was making a torch in order to show me the cavern. 

" This will give us sufficient light now," he said, and he 

3980 An UAim: 

" Ciubf ai-6 fe feo f olAf a^ n-ooCAinc ouinn Anoif," 4f f e, Ajtif 
Cuif fe ceine leif. CiiAT>mAf Am^C 50 bftiAC nA 5A5A Afif. 5 aC 
cof "oo cuifeAmAf "Oinn "oo Cuif ah mAC-AllA ffeAgfA CAf Aif 
Cti$Ainn. T)' Afouij ati " 5 1 oblACAn " An coiffe of A cionn Aft 
nof 50 bfingmn fAt>AfC triAit Af ati UAim, Aguf t»o feAf fe 50 
•oatia AtriAC Af bftiAC An puill. fli -OeAnf Ainn fern 6 t>a bftn^mf 
mile punc ; acc, An n-ooig, mAf AT>eif An feAn-f ocaI — " lleAcn 
nA cAicije meA"oui$eAnn fe An CAfcuifne." 

Ce 50 "octig An coiffe rotur bneA§ uAit> niof feAt>Af ftm An 
biC X)' feifcinc acc AtiiAin fomnc beAj; tie'n CAffAij; of mo Cionn 
Ajuf An v,aC CAob "biom. AmAC UAinn ni fAib Ann aCc x»oncA"OAr 
Cfom 0115 A5Uf if "0015 Horn fein nAf t>ein An coiffe acc e "oo 
meATmjAt). £>i fe Com C1115 roin gun fAOileAf 50 mb' feiTMf 
liom e jeAnnAt) le fgin, no mAm "oe co^Ainc im' lAim. t)iof A5 
piAfftnge t)iom fern, An fAix> t>o biof A5 peACAinc AmAC, cat) t>o 
bi f oltiisce CAob CiAn "oe'n "oofCA-OAf, Ajuf ■oo bi fe Com "oiAriiAin 
5nAineAttiAit fin gun Cuif fe uAtbAf im Cnoi-oe. 

" tli'l lomAfCA le feifcmc AmAC UAinn no CAob CuAf "oinn," Aff' 
An " ^lobtACAn," " acc CAifbeAnf ai*o me *>uic Anoif "ooimneACc 
An puill." Cuait> fe Af a jluimb. 

" tuig fiof Aguf CAff Aing AmAC 50 bfUAC nA CAiffse," Af 
feifeAn, " CAim Cun An coiffe "oo CAiceAtti fiof." 

tvnjeAf fiof mAf t>' bfouig fe Aguf -6fuiT>eAf AmAC 50 bAineAC 
50 f Aib mo CeAnn CAf bfUAC nA 5A5A. "Oo -Oein fe fein An fut> 
cCA-onA. CaiC fe An coiffe AmAC uai-o Aj;uf fiof Aguf fiof leif 
Cfit) An x)OfCAT>Af. t)iof A5 bfAC jaC eAn-noiminc 50 mbuAil- 
f eA*0 fe An com acc nion buAil ; Aguf niof tAifbeAn fe eAn-fut) 
■oCimn. t)iof A5 r;Aif.e Aif 50 oci ha f Aib Ann aCc fpfeAC. tTAinig 
piAn im' fihtib Aguf -otfOAn im' CeAnn o beiC A5 feACAinc Aif, 
Aguf no CfiteAf 50 fmiof. £a -oeifeAt) no CAilleAmAf fA"OAfc 

Alf Af. f AT). 

" Anoif, cat) T>ein cu," Af f' An " 5 1 obtACAn " ifceAC 1m' CLuAif 
nuAif bi An coiffe imcigce Af fAt)Afc. 

" teig t)Am 50 f oiLt," Af f a mife, " 50 gcuiffit) me teiteAX) nA 
CAiffse iT)if me fein Aguf An pott UACbAfAC «T)." -Aguf "oo 
C«At)Af A5 tApA-OAil ifceAC f An mbocAn; Hi tei^feAT) An eA^lA 
"b&m eifge im' feAfArii 50 fAbAf ifcig, Aguf biof mAf "Oume do 
beA* 1 n-Ainx>e a\\ luAf^An. C/Smig An " giobtACAn " ifceAC im' 

•01A1T) A5«f "OUn f6 An "OOf Af. 

" 1f AifoeAC Agtif if miltceAC An aic 1 feo," Aff a mife, " Aguf 
ca Sfeim im' Cf oit>e le buACbAf." 

" t)iof fein mAf fin Af *ocuf," Aff' An " JiobUCin," " Aguf 1 
bfAT) niof meAfA nA ca cufA Anoif, mAf if beA5 nAf.tuiceAf 
IfceAC Af mullAC mo Cinn fAn 5A5 An CAfnA tiUAif "oo tAngAf 

The Cavern: 3981 

set fire to it. We went out to the brink of the chasm again. 
Every stir we made the echo sent us back an answer. The 
Gioblachan raised the torch over his head, so as that I would 
get a good view of the cavern, and he stood out boldly on 
the edge of the chasm. I would not do it myself if I got a 
thousand pounds; but, no doubt, as the proverb says, 
" Familiarity breeds contempt." 

Though the torch gave fine light, I could not see a thing, 
except a portion of the rock above me and at each side. Out 
from us there was nothing but a heavy, thick darkness, and 
I believe myself the torch only increased it. It was so dense 
that I thought it possible to cut it with a knife, or to take a 
handful of it in my hand. I was asking myself while I was 
looking out what was hidden behind the darkness; for it was 
so hideously gloomy that it filled my heart with terror. 

" There is not much to be seen in front of us or above us," 
said the Gioblachan; " but I shall show you the depth of the 
chasm now." 

He went on his knees. 
" Lie down and draw out to the edge of the rock," said he 
" I am about to fling down the torch." 

I lay down as he ordered, and moved out carefully till 
my head was over the brink of the chasm. He did the 
same thing himself. He threw the torch out from him and 
down, down with it through the darkness. I was expecting 
every moment that it would strike the bottom, but it did not, 
and it showed us nothing. I was watching it till there was 
in it but a spark. A pain came in my eyes and a reeling in 
my head from being looking at it, and I trembled to the 
marrow. At last we lost sight of it altogether. 

" Now what do you say? " said the Gioblachan into my ear 
when the torch had disappeared. 

" Let me be awhile," said I, " until I put the breadth of 
the rock between myself and that dreadful hole," and I went 
crawling into the cabin. The fear would not allow me to rise 
until I was inside, and I felt like one who would be on a 
swing. The Gioblachan came in after me and shut the door. 

" This is a strange and dreadful place," I said, " and there 
is a * lite ' in my heart with terror." 

" I was like that first," said the Gioblachan, " and far worse 
than you are now, for it is little but I fell head foremost into 
the chasm the second time I came here; but I am used to it 
now and do not mind it."- 

3982 An ITIac ALU. 

Annf o ; acc za CAicige A^Am Aif Anoif Ajtif ni Cuifim fuim Af, 
bit Ann." 

€05 f6 AnuAf bogA A^uf fAigeAt) t>o bi Ai^e fan mbofc&n 45 
•6. fA 

" UAifbeAnfAi-6 m6 le-.ceA-o nA 5^5^ "onic Anoif." 

£uAif fe mini bAffAig Agtif CAf f6 Af biof nA fAig*oe 6 Aj;tif 
■oem fe coiffe "6e mAf "oo "bem fe •oe'ti Cflifeoig fonfie fin. 
TluAif bi a t)ocAinc oIa fiiigce A5 An mbAffAC, "oo cuif f6 ceme 
teif Ajup T)'of5Ait fe An "oofAf. " £eAC AtnAC Anoif," Af fe 
A 5 U T fSAoit fe uai-o £ Cfi-o An -oofCA-OAf teif An mbogA. CuAib 
An cfAigeAX) Aguf aw fop bAff A15 Af lAfA"6 50 fOlttfeAC Am AC, 
b'f^i'oif ceAt) ftAC, gAn An CAOb CaII *oo buAUvo ; Aguf .annfoin 
•oo ClAonuig fe fiof 1 nTHAit) a ceite Aguf tuic fe mAf "oo cmc 
An cOiffe, Aguf 1 gceAnn CAniAiLt ■oo ftuigeAi!) 1 n"ooimneACC tia 
^a^a e gAn eAn-fut) "oo CAifbeAnc 'ouitin. tli mifoe a fA* guf 
me-A-ouig fe feo An meAT) longAiiCAif ■oo bi 1m' Cfoit>e Ce^nA; 

Cuif fe fcol CAOb Amuig "oe'n *oofAf. " Suit) fiof AnnfO 50 
f Oil," Af feifeAn, " 50 gcuiffi-b cu Aicne Af An 5Cui"oeACCAin a 
bionn Annf o AgAm 50 mmic." 

Atl niAC Alt A: 

tUis fe Af ceAnn "oe nA gunnAib Aguf Cuif f6 piteif Ann: Sut 
A fAib a fiof A^Am ca"D "oo bi §A "oeAnAm Aige "o' Afouij fe An 
gunnA Agnf caic fe ufCAf Af. 

" Comf Aije T)6 cugAinn," Aff a mife, Ajjuf r>o pf eAbAf mi 
feAfAtti leif An n^eic •oo bAm fe AfAtn. SAoiteAf 50 fAib An 
ftiAb Ag cuicim ifceAC ofAinn. "O'eifij An «iac aIIa mAf blAt>m 
coifnige, Aguf bi An fUAim com nuAtbAfAC foin guf moctngeAf 
An CAff. A15 A5 cfiteA* fiim. "O'lmcig f6 UAinn Ajuf cAmij; f6 Af. 
Aif Afif Agtif Afif eile, Af nof gup b'ei^in "OAm mo meAf aCa "oo 
Cuf im' CtviAf Aib Cun An " fUAitte buAHie " t»o CongbAitc aihaC. 
Af "octif bi f6 Com bofb bA^AfCAC teif An coif mj ; Annfom bi 
fe 50 5Afb gUigAfAC fA mAf X>eAX) fUAim nA fAiffje A5 bfife^t) 
50 cfom Af CtoCAf Cf a$a ; Agtif n-A "OiatO fin bi fe An-CofAinAil 
leif An bfUAim "oo tmcfAt) 6 CtAi-oe A5 cuicim, no 6 CfiucAitlib 
•00 beat) A5 jAbAa tAf bOtAf 5Afb ; Aguf Cfi-o An bf otfom Aguf 
An cfiifCAf 50 teif cAinig CugAinn fUAim mAf pleAfgA* gunnAi 
mOf 1 bfAX> tiAinn. Caic An " 5 1 ° D ^ tAn ' a "oo no a cfi 
•o uf CAf Aib eile Aguf bi fonn Aif leAnAitiAinc "oo'n gno, aCc 

X>1AffAf A1f A CAbAlfC fUAf. t)i An ttlAC AtlA gO tlAn-bfeAg Af 

fAt) aCc bi mo "OotAinc AgAm "oe An UAif fin 50 iiAifice. Ace ni 

The Echo. 3983 

He took down a bow-and-arrow, which he had in the cabin, 
saying : 

" I shall show you the breadth of the chasm now." 

He got a handful of tow, and wound it round the point of 
the arrow, and made a torch of it, as he did of the pinewood 
chip previously. When it had soaked a sufficient quantity of 
oil he set fire to it, and opened the door. 

" Look out now," said he, and he sent the torch away through 
the darkness by means of the bow. The arrow, witli the wisp 
of tow lighting brightly, went out, perhaps, a hundred yards 
without striking the other side ; then it inclined downwards 
gradually, and fell as the torch did, and after awhile it was 
swallowed in the depths of the chasm without showing anything 
to us. It is unnecessary to say that this increased the wonder 
which was already in my heart. 

He placed a stool outside the door. 

" Sit down here awhile," said he, " until you make the 
acquaintance of the company I have, often here." 


From "An Gioblachan," by Thomas Hates. 

He took one of the guns and put a cartridge in it. Before 
I knew what he was about he raised the gun and fired a shot. 

" The protection of God to us! " said I, and I jumped to my 
feet with the start he gave me. I thought the mountain was 
falling in on us. The echo arose like a burst of thunder, and 
the sound was so awful that I felt the rock trembling beneath 
me. It faded away and came back, again and again, so that 
it was necessary for me to put my fingers in my ears to keep 
out the roar of it. At first it was as fiercely threatening as 
thunder, then it was roughly rumbling, just like the sound of 
the sea breaking heavily on a stony shore, and afterwards it 
closely resembled the sound that would arise from the falling 
of a dry wall, or from carts going over a rough road ; and 
through all the clamour and confusion came a noise like the 
explosion of big guns far away. The Gioblachan fired two 
or three other shots, and he was inclined to continue the 
business, but I asked him to desist. The echo was very fine 
indeed, but I had got quite enough of it, for this time at all 

3984 An TTUc AttA.; 

|tAit» An " JJiobtACAn " f AfCA f 6f; tog fe AniiAf fit>it bt Af 
cfocA'b, ■oe'n bAttA, Ajuf Cuif f6 1 scoif i. 

•*- An T>CAitneAnn ceot teAC ? " An feifeAn: 

" UAitneAnn 50 mAit," AffA mife, " cA fpem tnon AgAm Ann 1 

" tTU'r mAf fin aca An fsSAt," An fe, " jjeobArb cu ceot Anoif 
no niArfi." 

" tTlA zA fe mAf An Ceot "00 tuj; An mAC AttA uato 6 CiAnAib 
nA bAC teif." 

" Cifc," An feifeAn, a$ teigmc 5Aine Af, " Aguf cAbAif *oo 
bneit ntiAif cAim cfioCnuijte." 

€ofnui$ re A5 femm, Agur t>a mbemn A5 CAincgo ceAnn feACc- 
rhAine ni feAT>fAmn tuAfAfgbAit CeAfc "oo tAbAifc An An 
gcbimfeinm "o'eini$ fAn uAim. t)'Atumn An bei-0teAT>6if An 
" giobtACdn " Agur bi fe 'n-A CumAf, " o neA|\c nA CAitije," if 
•ooCa, ceot "oo buAinc Af An mdc AttA Com mAit teif An bfitnt.' 
T)A mbeA*6 5AC em-gteAf ceot 1 n-6inmn bAitigte ifceAt 1 n-eAn- 
tiAttA AriiAm A^uf iax» 50 tein Af fiubAt 1 n-emfeAtc, ni feA'OfAt) 
fiA-o ceot niof bmne nA niof Aitne nA mof CAitneAriiAije •oo 
tAbAifc uAtA nA An ceot "oo tug An fi*oit Aj;uf An mAC AttA "bumn 
An oi"6Ce Or). U05 fe An cfoit>e Aguf An c-AnAm AfAtn. t1iof 
motuijeAf piAn nA cuiffe nA eAgtA nA 6mni"6 eite aCc AmAin 
AoioneAf Aguf fAfArii Aigni-o An f Ait) *oo bi An " ^lobtACAn " A5 
femm Aguf *o' fAnfAinn Annfoin A5 eifceACc teif Af feAt> tAe 
Aguf oi-OCe 5An belt cuiffeAC *e. 

fltiAif bi f6 fAfCA Cuif fe uai-6 An f.i*oit Aguf tofnuig fe A5 
cAinc Af Cebt nA n6ifeAnn Aj;uf bi cuf fiof mof AgAinn mAf jeAtt 
Aif. CAinceoif Atumn T>ob' e&X) An " 5 1 °btACAn ' Aguf b'Aic 
teAC beit A5 eifceACc teif. t)A tiomtA Aguf bA teigeAimcA ha 
fmAoince x)o bi Aige Ajjuf 00 tine An ^Aetnts o n-A bCAt Com 
btAfOA te Ceot. Hi f Aib fe "OAtt Af emnio. "Oo biof A5 fmAom- 
eArh, Anoif Aguf Afif, An fAi-o 00 bi fe Ag came, Af An 5CA01 'ha 
fAib fe Ag CAiteAm a Co-oa Aimpfe Aguf a$ riAffuige "oiom fCin 
CA-o 6 An fAt bi teif. t)iof -oeimneAC 50 fAib fe teAt-eATDCfom 
Aguf suf b'm 6 An CiAtt 50 f Aib f6 A5 imteACc, mAf a "oeAffA, te 
nACf An cf AogAit Agiif A5 cuf a muineit 1 gconcAbAifc ; aCc ni 
fAib fiof AgAm An uAif fin Af An mein Af Cuai"0 fe cfit>. 

1liof teig fe "OAm "out fo-pA"OA teif nA fmAoincib feo mAf 
tAffAing fe Cuige feAT)05 Aguf cofnuig fe A5 femm uiffi. T)a 
feAOAf An ceot •oo bUAin fC Af An bfi-oit, b'feAff nA fin feACc 
n-uAife An ceot "oo buAin fe Af An bfeATDoig. "Oo fAfuig fe Af 
jaC uite nit> "o'AifijeAf fUAf 50 "oci fin. tli tuibfAt) CAntAit nA 
Cftunne "oa mbeit)if 50 teif 'fAn uAim A5 CAncAin te Ceite ceot 

The Echo. 3985 

events. But he was not satisfied yet. He took down a fiddle 

which was hanging on the wall, and got it ready. 

" Do you like music? " said he. 

" I do, well," I said. " I always take a great delight in it." 

" If that is so," said he, " you'll get music now or never." 

" If it is like the music which the echo gave us awhile ago, 
do not mind it." 

" Listen," said he, laughing, " an 1 pass judgment when I 
am finished." 

He began playing, and if I were speaking for a week, I 
could not give a proper description of the harmony which 
arose in the cavern. The Gioblachan was a splendid violinist, 
and he was able, from experience I suppose, to take music 
from the echo as well as from the violin. If every musical 
instrument in Ireland was gathered into one great hall, and 
that they were all playing together, they could not give sweeter, 
nor more beautiful, nor more delightful, music than the fiddle 
and the echo gave us that night. It lifted the heart and soul 
out of me. I felt no pain, no weariness, no fear, no anything 
but delight and satisfaction of mind, while the Gioblachan was 
playing, and I would stay there listening to him for a day 
and a night without being tired. 

When he was satisfied he put aside the violin, and began 
to talk about the music of Ireland, and we had a long chat 
about it. The Gioblachan was a splendid speaker, and you 
would like to be listening to him. His ideas and thoughts 
were refined and learned, and the Irish fall from his lips as 
sweetly as music. He was not ignorant about anything. I 
was thinking, now and again, while he was speaking, of the 
way in which he was spending his time, and asking myself 
what was the reason for it. I was certain that he was half 
crazy, and that was why he was drifting, as you might say, 
with the winds of the world, and putting his neck in danger; 
but I had no knowledge then of all he had suffered. 

He did not let me go too far with those thoughts, for he 
drew out a flute and began playing on it. Though excellent 
the music which he extracted from the fiddle, the music which 
he took from the flute was seven times better. It excelled 
everything I had heard till then. All the birds of the universe, 
if they were gathered in the cavern singing together, could 
not give more heavenly or more delectable music. The flute 
brought out the echo far better than anything else. 

3986 An TTIac ALU. 

niop neAtfroA nA niop Aoibne ua£a: "Do tug An peAt>65 An triAC 
AttA axt\aC i bpAO niop peApp Asur niop bmne nA eAn-pu-o eite; 

" Ca-o "oein cu teip pin ' " A Pr' At1 " J^o^AcAn " titiAip psuin 
pe T>A peinneArtiAinc. 

"rii peAOAp pop," App a tnipe, "ni ptntim pA "opAoi-OeACc. "Oa 
mbemn a$ CAinc An peAT> tAe Agup btiA-OnA, ni p6A-opAinn a innpinc 
■OU1C An meat) Aoibmp Aj;iip CAicnitfi Agup pApAim Cpoi'oe -oo tug 
An ceot ut> "OAm. Hi't em-ceACC fUAf teAC." 

" 11a t)AC teip An bptAmAp Anoip," Apr' ^" " 5 10t)t ' AC ^ n '" 

" tti'tim as ptAmAp 1 n-eAn-cop," AnnA rnipe, aCc b'peitMp *;up 
cipce t)Am a pA-o nA puit em ceACc puAp te "oeAptAtfiACc An " pp 
i nAip"oe." 

" UA cu Ag cAinc 50 ciALlrhAn Anoip," An peipeAn, A5 cup 
p5Aif.ce Ap. 

" tJ'peioip e," AnrA trnpe, " acc biop Cun a pA-6 nuAip biop Ag 
eipceACc teAC — " 

" A^up teip An triAC AttA," An peipeAn. 

" Aj;up teip An mAc AtlA, An eAgtA An ptAmAip — 00 cuip pe 1 
n-urhAit T)Am An cuApApgbAit no teijeAp Agup 00 CUAtAp 50 mmic 
1 "ocAoft ceoit nA n-AmjeAt ip nA ptAicip." 

" tli'tim cpioCnuigCe 1 n-eAn-cop pop," An peipeAn, Agup T>'eipi$ 
pe 'n-A peApArh. 

Uopnuij pe Ag AifipAn. t)i gut bpeAg ponnrhAp ceotrftAp A5 An 
" ngiobtACAn " Agup niop CAitt pe eAnpu-o 1 "dcaod oeic ipci$ pAn 
UAitfi. Tl! peAT»Ap pem cia aca 00 b'peApp cun An mAc AttA "oo 
CAbAipc aiuac — An pix)it, An peA-oog no 511c An " $iobtAcAin " — 
no cia aca a paid An bApp Aige 1 5COiitipeinm ; acc ip "0015 tiom 
gup pApuij An gut oppA 50 teip. CuAtAp cpi CeAO t>Aoine Ag 
SAbAit ArhpAin 1 n-einpeACC eAti-uAip AriiAin 1 iiAttA mop 1 
mt)Aite- ACa-CUac ; aCc ce 50 pAib An ceot Agup An Coiriipeinm 
50 nAn-bpeA$ An pAT>, ni pAib em-ceACc puAp Aige te ceot An 
-" $iobtACAin " nuAip tug pe uai-0 " An Raid cii A5 An sCAppAig," 
Agup nuAip 00 bi An niAC AttA Agup An ■oop'o 00 Cuip pe puAf 
c fAn «Aim as cuit>eACcAin teipj 

The Echo. 3987 

" What do you say to that? " said the Gioblachan, when he 
ceased playing. 

" I don't know yet, but I am under some spell," said I. " If 
I were talking for a year and a day, I could not describe to 
you the amount of pleasure, and delight, and satisfaction of 
heart, that music gave me. There is no coming near you." 

" Do not mind the flattery now," said the Gioblachan. 

"I am not flattering at all," I said; "but perhaps it would 
be more correct to say there is no coming near the handiwork 
of the Creator." 

" You are talking sensibly now," he said, laughing. 

"Perhaps so," said I; " but I was about to say when I was 
listening to you — " 

" And to the echo," he said. 

" And to the echo — to guard against flattery — it reminded 
me of the descriptions which I often read and heard about 
the angel music in heaven." 

" I am not finished at all yet," he said, and he stood up. 

He began to sing. The Gioblachan had a fine resonant 
musical voice, and it lost nothing by being in the cavern. I 
do not know which of them was the best to bring out the 
echo — the violin, the flute, or the Gioblachan's voice — or which 
of them excelled in harmony ; but I think his singing surpassed 
the others. I heard three hundred people singing together in 
a great hall in Dublin at one time, but though the music and 
the harmony were very, very fine, they could not come near the 
Gioblachan's singing when he rendered " Were You at the 
Rock," and when the echo and the musical murmur which he 
aroused in the cavern were accompanying him. 

. - 3988 

C^SAt) A 11 CSU5-A111. 

•oriAmA Aon-$nTrh; 
nA "OAome •— 

COTTlAS O n-AnntlACAm, pite ConnACCAC acAaj-. reACnAn. 

tnAme nT RfOSAm, beAn An ci$e. 

tin A, ingeAn iTlAine: 

S^ATTIUS O b-1ARAinn, acA luAittce te tfnA; 

Sf$te, comAnrA "oo tilAine. 

piobAine, cGtftAnrAnnA Agur T>Aoine eite: 

A1C .— 

CeAC |:eitmein 1 sCuige rtlumAn ceA-o btiA-bAn 6 foin. CA rin 
Agur mnA Ag -out cnix> a ceile in rAn 05, no 'tiA reAr Atn coir 
nA mbAttA, AtriAH Agur -oa mbeit -OAmrA cnioCnuijjte aca: 
CA ComAr O b-AnnnACAm Ag cAinc te "UnA 1 brion-corAC nA 
rcAroe. CA An piobAine as pAfSA-o a piobAi-o Ain, te coru$A-6 
An femm Anir, acc -do bein SeAtnAr O b-lAnAinn -oeoC Cui^e, 
Agur fCA-OAnn re. CA^Ann peAn 65 50 b-t1nA te n-A CAbAinc 
Am AC a\^ An unt An cum -OAinrA, aCc "oiutcAnn ri "bo; 

■QtlA. — I1A bi m'bo-ontigAt) Anoir: IIac bpeiceAnn cti 50 b-puit 
me aj; eirceACc te n-A bruit reireAn t>'a nA-b Horn. \ Leir An 
n-AnnnACAnAC] : LeAn teAC, ca*o e fin t>o bi cu 'nA-b An bAtt ? 

com As o n-AnnuACAin.— Cat) e -do w An bo-oAC rin "o'a 
iAnnAi"6 one ? 

tin A. — As iAnnAi-6 -OAmrA onm, -oo bi re, aCc ni ciubnAinn 

•00 e: 

m AC U1 b-AVin. — 1r cmnce uaC -ociubncA. 1r '061$, ni riieAfAnn 
cu 50 teigpnn-re x>o "buine a\^ bit •OAmrA teAC, com fA-o A^ur 
cA mire Ann ro. A ! a IJha, ni nAib rotAr n<S rbCAtfiAit AgAm te 
Fat>a 50 T)cAini5 me Aim ro aiiocc A^ur 50 brACAit) me CurA ! 

tin A. — Cat) e An rotAr "ouic mire ? 

1TIAC XII b-Ani1.— ITuAin aca mAi-oe teAt-'obigce in rAn 
ceme, nAC brA^Ann re rolAr nuAin -obinceAn mr^e A1 r" • 

U11 A. — 1r -061$, ni't curA teAt-t)bi5ce. 

mAC tJ1 b-Alin.— CA me, A^ur ca cni ceAtnAmnA "oe mo 
Cnoi-be, "ooigce Ajjur loirsce Agur CAicce, Ag Cfoi*o Leir An 
fAogAt, Aguf An rAojAt A5 cnoit) tiom-rA. 

UI1A. — Hi peACAnn cu Com -oonA fin ! 

m AC t11 b- Ann.— tic ! a tinA ni RiojAin, ni't Aon eCtAf a^atj- 
f& An beAtA An bAin-o boiCc, acA gAn ceAC gAn ceAgAn sau ci'05- 



HANRAHAN. — A wandering poet. 

Sheamus O'Heran. — Engaged to OonA. 

MAURYA. — The woman of the house. 

Sheela. — A neighbor. 

OonA. — Maurya s daughter. 

Neighbors and a piper who have come to Maurya' s house for a dance. 

Scene. — A farmer s house in Munster a hundred years ago. Men and 
wo?nen moving about and standing round the wall as if they had just finished 
a dance. Hanrahan, in the foreground, talking to Oona. 

The piper is beginning a preparatory drone for another dance, but Sheamus 
brings him a drink and he stops. A man has come and holds out his hand to 
OONA, as if to lead her out, but she pushes him away. 

Oona. — Don't be bothering me now ; don't you see I'm listen- 
ing to what he is saying. [To Hanrahan] Go on with what 
you were saying just now. 

Hanrahan. — "What did that fellow want of you ? 

Oona. — He wanted the next dance with me, but I wouldn't 
give it to him. 

Hanrahan. — And why would you give it to him ? Do you 
think I'd let you dance with anyone but myself as long as I 
am here. Ah, Oona, I had no comfort or satisfaction this long 
time until I came here to-night, and till I saw yourself. 

Oona. — What comfort am I to you ? 

Hanrahan. — When a stick is half -burned in the fire, does it 
not get comfort when water is poured on it ? 

Oona. — But sure, you are not half-burned ? 

Hanrahan. — I am, and three-quarters of my heart is burned, 
and scorched and consumed, struggling with the world and 
the world struggling with me. 

Oona. — You don't look that bad. 

Hanrahan. — Oh, Oona ni Kegaun, you have not knowledge 
of the life of a poor bard, without house or home or havings, 

3990 Cajta* ArTcf 115^1 n: 

bAf, aCc e A5 imceAce Aguf as fiof-imteACc te f An An futT"An 
cfAogAit tfiOin, 5^n "oume An tut teif acc e ^ein. fli't mAioin in 
fAn cfeAccrhAm nuAin einijim fUAf nAC n-AbnAim tiotn fern 50 
mb'feAnn "OAm -An UA15 'r»4 An feAcnin. Tli't Aon nuo A5 feAfAtfi 
■oAtn aCc An bnonncAnuf t)o fUAin me o "Oia — mo Cuto AbnAn. 
TluAin CofAigim onnA fin, imtijeAnn mo bnon Aguf mo buAToneAt) 
■oiom,*A5ur ni cunfmijim niof mo An mo je-An-CfAt) Aj;uf An mo 
rhi-A-O. -Aguf Anoif, 6 connAic me CufA, a tinA, Cim 30 bpmt nut) 
eile Ann, niof bmne 'nA nA b-AbnAm fern ! 

IJMA. — 1f longAncAC An bnonncAnuf 6 "Cma An bAfouijeACc: 
Com pa-oa Aguf ca fin ^at) nAC bfuit cu niof fAit)bne nA Luce 
fcuic Agur fcoin, tucc bo Aguf eAl A15. 

1TIAC 111 n-ATIll. — A ! a tinA, ir mop An beAnnACc aCc if mon 
An rhAltACC, teif, 00 "Ouine e "00 beic 'nA bAno. £euC mife ! 
bpuii cAfAit) AgAm An An fAojAl fo ? t)puit peAf. b 6 An uiaic 
teif me ? t)f uit gn a-o A5 "oume An bit onm ? t)im A5 imCeAcc, 
mo CA"OAn boCc AonfAnAC, An put) An cfAogAit, mAn Chfin An-oiAig 
nA JTeinne. t)lonn i:uac A5 h-uile *0ume onm, ni't puAC A5AT)-fA 
onm, a "flnA ? 

Utt A. — tl a n-AbAin nut) mAn mn, ni feit)in 50 bfuit fu At A5 
■oume An bit onc-f . 

ITIAC U1 b-ATITI. — Ua|\ Horn Aguf fuiftfimTO 1 gcumne An age 
te Ceite, Aguf oeAnpAit) me "ouic An c-AbnAn "oo nmne me ■ouic. 
1r onc-fA nmneAf e. 

[ImeigeAnn fiAO 50 "oci au coinneutt if fAi"oe on rcAit), Ajuf 
■pui-OeAnn fiAO AnAice te ceite.] 

[U15 Sigte AfceAC] 

Sf$te. — CA11115 me Cujjat) Com UiAt Agur 'o'ireu'O me; 

TTIA1R6. — CeAT) fAitce norhAt): 

Sfjte. — Ca-o ca a\^ fiubAt A5 "o Anoif I 

TTIA1RG. — A~s cofugA-O ACAmuit). t)i Aon fjonc AriiAin AjAinn, 
Agup Anoif ca An piobAife Ag ot "oige. UofocAit) An "OAmfA Afif 
nuAif beit>eAf An piobAine fei*. 

Sfjte. — Ua nA "OAome A5 bAiUugA-o AfceAC 50 mAic, bei* 
TDAtnpA bfeAj AgAinn. 

m^1Ue. — t)eit) a SiSle, aCc ca feAf aca Ann Aguf b'peAfn 
liom Amuij nA Afci$ e ! "feuC e. 

Sf $te. — 1f An An bfeAf fA*OA "oonn aca cu aj caiuc, nAC eAt) ? 
An feAf fm aca aj corrifAt) Com otuC fin te "GnA m fAn scoin- 
neutL Anoif. Ca'|\ b'Af e, no cia b-e fein ? 

TTl-Alfie. — Sin e An fgnAirce if mo tAimg 1 n-6inmn AfiAtn, 
ComAf O n-AnnnACAin CujAnn fiAT» Aif, aCc UomAf TlosAife but) 
COif -oo bAifceAt) Aif, 1 gceAfc. 6\^a ! nAC n aiO An ml-At) ofm, e 
■oo CeACc AfceAC CugAinn, Cof Af bit, AnoCC I 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3991 

but he going and ever going a-drifting through the wide world, 
without a person with him but himself. There is not a 
morning in the week when I rise up that I do not say to myself 
that it would be better to be in the grave than to be wandering. 
There is nothing standing to me but the gift I got from God, 
my share of songs ; when I begin upon them, my grief and my 
trouble go from me, I forget my persecution and my ill luck, 
and now, since I saw you Oona, I see there something that is 
better even than the songs. 

Oona. — Poetry is a wonderful gift from God, and as long as 
you have that, you are more rich than the people of stock 
and store, the people of cows and cattle. 

Hanrahan. — Ah, Oona, it is a great blessing, but it is a great 
curse as well for a man, he to be a poet. Look at me ! have I 
a friend in this world? Is there a man alive who has a wish 
for me, is there the love of anyone at all on me ? I am going 
like a poor lonely barnacle goose throughout the world ; like 
Usheen after the Fenians ; every person hates me. You do not 
hate me, Oona? 

Oona. — Do not say a thing like that; it is impossible that 
anyone would hate you. 

Hanrahan. — Come and we will sit in the corner of the room 
together, and I will tell you the little scng I made for you : it 
is for you I made it. {They go to a corner and sit down together. 
Siieela comes in at the door.~\ 

Sheela. — I came to you as quick as I could. 

Mattrya. — And a hundred welcomes to you. 

Sheela. — What have you going on now ? 

Mattrya. — Beginning we are; we had one jig, and now the 
piper is drinking a glass. They'll begin dancing again in a 
minute when the piper is ready. 

Sheela. — There are a good many people gathering in to you 
to-night. We will have a fine dance. 

Mattrya. — Maybe so, Sheela, but there's a man of them there, 
and I'd sooner him out than in. 

Sheela. — It's about the long brown man you are talking, 
isn't it ? The man that is in close talk with Oona in the corner. 
Where is he from and who is he himself? 

Mattrya. — That's the greatest vagabond ever came into 
Ireland; Tumaus Hanrahan they call him, but it's Hanrahan 
the rogue he ought to have been christened by right. Aurah, 
wasn't there the misfortune on me, him to come in to us at all 

3992 CAfAt) An cfus^in. 

Sf $t6. — Cia'ti f6nc "oume e ? Hac feAf "oeAncA AbnAn Af 
ConnACcAib 6 ? CuAtAit) me CAinc Ain, CeAnA, Aguf "oein fiAT) naC 
bpuit •oAmfCin eite i n-einmn com mAit teif : but) rhAit liom a 
feicpnc as T>Attif a. 

TTI^IUe. — 5f Airi 5° >oe<5 A f At1 mbiteAtfmAC ! CA'f AjAtn-fA 50 
n6 rhAit cia 'n cineAt acA Ann, mAf. bi fonc cAntAnAif i*oin e fern 
Ajjur An CeATD-feAn "Oo bi A^Am-fA, Aguf if mmic CuAtAro me 6 
"OiAnmuro bocc (50 n-o6AnAi"6 T)ia cnocAine Ain !) cia 'n f one 
•ouine bi Ann. t)i fe 'nA mAigifcif fjoite, fiof 1 ^ConnACcAib, 
acc biot> n-uite CteAf Aige but) meAfA nA a Cei e. A5 fion- 
oeAnAm AbnAn t>o biot> fe, Aguf A5 6t uif^e beAtA, Aj;uf A 5 CU P 
imnif An bun AmeAfg ua jcorhAnfAn te n-A Cuit> CAince. T)ein 
riA*o uaC bpuit beAn m fnA cuig ctngib nAC meAttp<\t> fe. 1f 
meAfA 6 nA T)omnAtt nA 5f 6irie t^" °- ^ cc bu' 6 *oeineAt) An 
fgeit gun nuAig < n fAgAnc AtnAC Af An bpApnAifce 6 An fA"o. f uAin 
fe Aic eile Ann fin, aCc teAn fe "oo ua cteAfAnnAib c^A-on^, gun 
nuAigeAt) AmAC Afif 6, Agur Anif eite, teif. Agur Anoif ni't Aic 
nA ceAC nA •OA'OArb Aige aCc e beit A5 gAbAit nA cine, A5 "oeAn^tfi 
AbnAn Agur Ag p A$Ait toifcin ua ti-oit)Ce 6 ua •OAomib. Hi tnut- 
c6CAit> "ouine An bit e, mAn cA pAicCiop onnA noime. 1r mon An 
pite £, Agur b'ei'oin 50 nT>eAnpAt> p6 pAnn one "oo gne^mOcAt) 50 
•oeo "ouic, "oA gcuippeA peAp.5 Ain. 

Sf$te. — 5° bpoinit) X)ia onnAinn: Ace cneAt) x>o tug AfceAC 
Anocc e ? 

1TI^1Re. — t)i fe A5 CAifceAt nA cine, Aguf cuAtAi* re 50 nAib 
•OArhrA le beic Ann fo, A^uf tAnug re AfceAC, mAn bi e6lAf Aige 
onnAinn, — bi re mon 50 teOn te mo ceA-o-feAn. 1f longAncAC 
mAn cA r6 A5 "oeAnArh AmAC a ftige-beACA, Con An bit, Aguf g^n 
Aige Ate a CuiT) Abn-in. T)ein riAt) nAC bpuit Aic a nACArO fe nAC 
•ocugAnn nA mnA 5f A"0, A$uf uaC "OCugAnn ua fif fUAt t)o. 

Sf^te [as bfeit An JuAtAmn tilAife]. — lompuig t>o CeAnn, a 
TtlAife, feucb e Anoif ; e fein Ajuf -o' m$eAn-fA, Ajuf An 'oA 
itoigionn buAitce AfA Ceite: CA fe CAf eif Abf ^m "oo "OeAnAtn 
•oi, Ajuf cA fe t)'A munA-O t)i A3 co£Annui$ in a ctuAif. OfA, 
An biteAmnAC ! bero fe A5 cuf a Cuit> pifcfe6s An tlnA Anoif. 

m^lRe. — OC 6n 1 50 "oeo ! TIaC mi-At)AmAit tAinig f e ! C4 
re A5 cAinc te I'Itia b-uite moimi-o 6 tAinig fe AfceAC, cfi UAife 
6 foin. Tlinne me mo t)itCiott te n-A f5AfAt) o ceite, aCc teip 
fe ofm. CA tinA boCc cu^ca -oo n-uite f6nc reAn-AbnAn A5U1? 
feAn-fAimeif x>e fgeAtcAib, Ajuf if bmn teif An gcneACuin beit 
A5 eifceACc teif,- mAf cA beAt Aige fin -oo bneA5fAt> An fmotAO 
•oe'n CfAoibj CA'f aja-o 50 bfuit An p6fAt> ferbce focnuigte 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3993 

Sheela. — What sort of a person is lie ? Isn't he a man that 
makes songs, out of Connacht? I heard talk of him before, 
and they say there is not another dancer in Ireland so good as 
him. I would like to see him dance. 

Maurya. — Bad luck to the vagabond! It is well I know 
what sort he is, because there was a kind of friendship between 
himself and the first husband I had, and it's often I heard from 
poor Diarmuid — the Lord have mercy on him! — what sort 
of person he was. He was a schoolmaster down in Connacht, 
but he used to have every trick worse than another, ever 
making songs he used to be, and drinking whiskey and setting 
quarrels afoot among the neighbours with his share of talk. 
They say there isn't a woman in the five provinces that he 
wouldn't deceive. He is worse than Donal na Greina long ago. 
But the end of the story is that the priest routed him out of the 
parish altogether; he got another place then, and followed on 
at the same tricks until he was routed out again, and another 
again with it. Now he has neither place nor house nor any- 
thing, but he to be going the country, making songs and 
getting a night's lodging from the people. Nobody waif refuse 
him, because they are afraid of him. He's a great poet, and 
maybe he'd make a rann on you that would stick to you for 
ever, if you were to anger him. 

Sheela. — God preserve us, but what brought him in to- 

Maurya. — He was traveling the country and he heard there 
was to be a dance here, and he came in because he knew us; 
he was rather great with my first husband. It is wonderful 
how he is making out his way of life at all, and he with 
nothing but his share of songs. They say that there is no 
place that he'll go to that the women don't love him and that 
the men don't hate him. 

Sheela (catching Maurya by the shoulder). — Turn your 
head, Maurya, look at him now, himself and your daughter, 
and their heads together; he's whispering in her ear; he's after 
making a poem for her and he's whispering it in her ear. Oh, 
tne villain, he'll be putting His spells oa her now. 

Maurya. — Ohone, go deo ! isn't a misfortune that he came? 
He's talking every moment with Oona since he came in three 
hours ago. I did my best to separate them from each other, 
but it failed me. Poor Oona is given up to every sort of old 
songs and old made-up stories, and she thinks it sweet to be 
listening to him The marriage is settled between herself and 

3994 CAfA* An tf«5^itiij 

roif tJnA A^uf SeAmAf O b-lAf Ainn Ann fin, finite 6'n IA int)itiJ 
■peuC SeAmuf boCc a$ An ■oof.ur Aguf 6 A5 pAife off a. CA bf On 
Aguf ceAnnfAOi Aif. 1f pufuf A peicfmc 5° tnbu-o ifiAit le 
S6Atnur An fgf Aipoe fin t)o caCca"6 An moimit) feo. CA p AicCiof 
mCf onm 50 mbei*6 An ceAnn lompuijte An tinA te n-A Cuit> btAT>- 
AineACc Com cinnce A'f cA me beo, ciucpAit) otc Af An oit>Ce 

Sl^te. — A$uf nAC bpeA-opA a cuf AmAC ? 

trtAlUe. — "O'peA-opAinu ; ni't -ouine Ann fo t»o CuiT>e6CA* teif, 
mutiA mbeit beAn no t>6. ACc if -pile mof e, Aguf ca mAttACc 
Aijge "00 fgoitcpeA-o nA en Ainn A^jup x»o fCAbpA-O nA ctoCA. T)eif 
fiA*o 50 tobtAnn An pot m fAn CAtAtn, Aguf 50 n-imti£eAnn a 
5Cuit) bAinne 6 nA bAt nuAif tugAnn pie mAf e fin a rhAttACc 
•061b, mA fUAigeAnn -ouine Af An ceAC e. Ace -oA mbeit fe Amuig, 
«*iife mo bAnnui-oe nAC teigpmn AfceAcb Afif e. 

Sl^ie. — T)A fACA-6 fe pein AmAC 50 coiteArfiAit, "i beit Aon 
bmg m a cuit* mAttACc Ann fin ? 

rtlAITie. — tli belt. ACc ni fACAit) fe AmAC 50 coileAtfiAit* 
AgUf ni tl5 tlOm-fA A fUAgA* AmAC Af eAgtA a mAttACc. 

St$l B. — £euC SeAmuf bote. UA fe -out Anonn 50 n-tinA. 

[6ifi$eAnn SeAmuf i cei"6eAnn fe 50 b-tfnA.] 

S^ATTItlS. — An n-OArhfoCAi-o cu An fit feo tiom-fA, A finA, 
nuAif beit)eAf An piobAife feit). 

TTIAC U1 n-ATlTl [aj eifge]. — 1f mife ComAf O n-AnnfACAin, 
Agnf ca me as tAbAifc te tfnA tli UiosAm Anoif, A$uf Com pAt) 
A5«f bei-oeAf fonn uiffe-fe beit A5 CAinc tiom-fA ni teigpit) me 
•o'Aon "Ouine eite "oo teAtc eAT>fAinn. 

S^AtTltlS [gAn Aife Af TTIac tli b- Annf ACAm]. — TIaC nt>Am- 
f otAit) cu tiom, a 13ua ? 

TTIAC U1 b-Ann [50 piotmAf]. — TlAf "OubAifC me teAC Anoif 
guf tiom-f a -oo bi UnA Hi ttiogAin Ag caiuc ? 1mti$ teAC Af An 
moimi-o, a bo-OAig, A$uf nA C05 ctAmpAf Ann fo. 

S6A1DUS- A tinA 

tTIAC tJ1 b-ATin [as beicit].— FA5 fin ! 

[ImcigeAnn SeAmAf A5Uf cig fe 50 "oci An beinc feAn-mnAoi.] 

S^ATTItlS. — A ttlAife tli TliosAin, cA me A5 lAffAit) ceAX> ofC- 
fA An f5f Aifce mi-AtAmAit meifgeAmAit fin -oo CAiteAm AmAC Af 
An ci$. TTIA teigeAnn cu *Am, cuiffit mife Aguf mo beifc teAf- 
bf AtAf AmAC e, Aguf nuAif beiteAf f6 Amui$ f oCf OCAit mife teif ; 

The Twisting of the Rofe. 3995 

Sheamus O'Herin there, a quarter from to-day. Look at poor 
Sheamus at the door, and he watching them. There is grief 
and hanging of the head on him ; it's easy to see that he'd like 
to choke the vagabond this minute. I am greatly afraid that 
the head will be turned on Oona with his share of blathering. 
A s sure as I am alive there will come evil out of this night. 

Sheela. — And couldn't you put him out ? 

Matjrya. — I could. There's no person here to help him 
unless there would be a woman or two; but he is a great poet, 
and he has a curse that would split the trees and that would 
burst the stones. They say the seed will rot in the ground 
and the milk go from the cows when a poet like him makes a 
curse, if a person routed him out of the house; but if he were 
once out, I'll go bail that I wouldn't let him in again. 

Sheela. — If himself were to go out willingly, there would 
be no virtue in his curse then ? 

Matjrya. — There would not, but he will not go out willingly, 
and I cannot rout him out myself for fear of his curse. 

Sheela. — Look at poor Sheamus. He is going over to her. 
[Sheamus gets up and goes over to her.~\ 

Sheamus. — Will you dance this reel with me, Oona, as soon 
as the piper is ready ? 

Hanrahan {rising up) — I am Tumaus Hanrahan, and I am 
speaking now to Oona ni Regaun, and as long as she is willing 
to be talking to me, I will allow no living person to come 
between us. 

Sheamus {without heeding ELnrahan). — Will you not dance 
with me, Oona ? 

Hanrahan {savagely). — Didn't I tell you now that it was to 
me Oona ni Regaun was talking? Leave that on the spot, you 
clown, and do not raise a disturbance here. 

Sheamus. — Oona ■ 

Hanrahan {shouting). — Leave that! (Sheamus goes away 
and comes over to the two old women). 

Sheamus. — Maurya Regaun, I am asking permission of you 
to threw that ill-mannerly, drunken vagabond out of the house 
Myself and my two brothers will put him out if you will allow 
us; and when he's outside I'll settle with him. 

3996 CApvo An cpiSAin.' 

m^lue.-O ! a SeAmAip ha -oeAn: ZS piiccior o|\m poiriiej 
UA mAUACc Aige pn "oo rsoilcpiAT) ha cnAinn, -oein pAT>; 

S6AtTIAS.— 1r cumA tiotn mA ca mAUACc Aige -oo leASpvo ti4. 
rpeAntA. 1r onm-pv cuicpt) re, Agur cmpm mo -OubflAn p*oi. 
Da mAnboCAT) re ™e An An moimit) ni leigp-o me t>6 a Cuit) pip 
cneog -00 Cun An UnA. A tiUine, cAbAin 'm ceAX>j 

STgte. — VIA "oeAn pn, a SeAmuir, ca corhAinle nior p^Ann 'nA 
pn AgAm-fA. 

S^AttlUS. — Cia An CorhAinle i f 1T1 ? 

Sfjte. — Ua rUjje m mo CeAnn AgAtn le n-A cun auiaC; ITU 
teAnAnn fib-re mo CoriiAinle-p* nACAi-6 re pern ahiac com rocAin 
le uAn, -o'A toil p*m, Ajur nuAin geobAit) pb Amuig 6, buAiUt) 
An x)onuf Ain, Agur nA ieijit) ArceAC Am'r 5° b r At £• 

mAltie. — "Rac 6 "Oia one, Aguf innir x>Atr\ cat) 6 ca m -oo CeAnn; 

ST$te. — "OeAn^AmAoi-o e Com T>eAr Agur com pmpl -6e A^ur 
ConnAic cu AniAtn. Cuinpmro e A5 cAp^-b rusAm 50 opuigimi-o 
Amuij e, Agur buAilpmro An -oonuf Ain Ann pn. 

tlUITie; — 1r ponur a f A "°) acc ni F°PT a "oeAnAm. "OeAnrAi-6 
re leAC " -oeAn rugAn, cu pern." 

Sf$te. — "OeAnpAmAoi-o, Ann pn, nAC bpiCAit) xtuine An bit Ann 
ro r u 5^n pein ApArii, nAC bjruil -ouine An bit An pui ci$ a\^ p6it)in 
leir ceAnn aca "OeAHAm. 

S6AtTIUS. — ACc An gcnei'op'O re P>"0 ™An pn — nAC brACAtnAn 
rugAn niAtfi ? 

Sf $te. — An gcnei-op-o re, An eAt> ? Cnei-opt) re nut) An bit, 
Cnei-opeA-0 re 50 nAib re pjin 'nA p$ An 6inmn nuAin acA glAine 
61ca Aige, mAn aca Anoip 

S6AT11US. — ACc cat) e An cnoiceAnn CuinpJAf pnn An An 
.nbneig reo, — 50 bpuiL rugAn piin A5 ceArcAl uAinn ? 

THA1Ue. — SmuAin An Cfoicionn x>o Cun Ain pn, a SeAmuip 

S^AtTIUS. — 'OeAnpM'6 me 50 bpuil An $Aot Ag eipge Agur 50 
bpuii cum-oAC Ati ci§e -o'A rguAbA-o leif An fcoipn, Aguf 50 
rCAltpmi-O fUJAU tApAAingc Ain. 

mAlUe. — ACc mA eif ceAnn p5 A5 An "oonuf belt) por Aige nAC 
bru?l £Aot nA fcoipm Ann. SmuAin An Cnoicionn eiLe, a SeAmuir. 

Sf^tCi — 'Hoif, ca Ati C6riiAinle CeAnc AgAm-pA: AbAin 50 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3997 

Maurya. — Sheamus, do not ; I am afraid of him. That man 
has a curse, they say, that would split the trees. 

Sheamus. — I don't care if he had a curse that would over- 
throw the heavens ; it is on me it will fall, and I defy him ! 
If he were to kill me on the moment, I will not allow him to 
put his spells on Oona. Give me leave, Maurya. 

Sheela. — Do not, Sheamus. I have a better advice than 

Sheamus. — What advice is that ? 

Sheela. — I have a way in my head to put him out. If you 
follow my advice he will go out himself as quiet as a lamb, 
and when you get him out slap the door on him, and never 
let him in again. 

Maurya. — Luck from God on you, Sheela, and tell us what's 
in your head. 

Sheela. — We will do it as nice and easy as ever you saw. 
We will put him to twist a hay-rope till he is outside, and then 
we will shut the door on him. 

Sheamus. — It's easy to say, but not easy to do. He will say 
to you, " Make a hay-rope yourself. " 

Sheela. — We will say then that no one ever saw a hay-rope 
made, that there is no one at all in the house to make the 
beginning of it. 

Sheamus. — But will he believe that we never saw a hay- 

Sheela. — Believe it, is it? He'd believe anything; he'd 
believe that himself is king over Ireland when he has a glass 
taken, as he has now. 

Sheamus. — But what excuse can we make for saying we 
want a hay-rope ? 

Maurya. — Can't you think of something yourself, Sheamus ? 

Sheamus. — Sure I can say the wind is rising, and I must 
bind the thatch, or it will be off the house. 

Sheela. — But he'll know the wind is not rising if he does 
but listen at the door. You must think of some other excuse, 

Sheamus. — Wait, I have a good idea now ; say that there is 

3998 CAfAT) An r^u^Mni 

bpmt coifce teA^tA as bun An Cnuic, Aguf 50 bpuit fiAT> A5 
lAnnAiT) fugAin teif An gcoifce 00 leAfugAT). Hi peicfit) fe Corn 
fAOA fin o'n "oonuf, Aguf ni b£iT) piof Aige uaC rion 6. 

m^me.— Sm e An fseAt, a Sijle. 'lloif, a SeAtnuif, 5At> 
imeApj; nA noAome Aguf lei£ An nun Leo. Inmr "061b cat) ca aca 
t.e f At) — nAC bp-acAiT) Tnnne An bit fAn cin feo fuj;An peirt niAtfi — 
A^ur cuin cnoicionn mAit An An mbnei5, tu pern. 

[ImtigeAim SeAtnuf 6 "bume 50 "oume A5 co^AnnAig teo. 
UorAijeAnn cuit> aca A5 ^Aine. UAgAnn An piobAine Aguf cofuig- 
eAnn re aj; feinm. 6ini$eAnn c-ni no ceAtnAn "oe CuplAtAib, Aguf 
cofuigeAnn fiAT> A5 T)ArhfA. ImtijeAnn SeAtnAf AniAcn.] 

IT) AC 111 b-ATin. [as einige cAn eir a beit aj peACAmc onnA 
An reA-6 cuplA moimro.] — ppuic ! rcopAgAit ! -An "ocugAnn fib 
•oAriif a An An fC|\ApAineACc rm ! "Ca fib A5 buAlAt) An unlAin mAn 
beit ah oineAT) fin -o'eAttAC. Ca rib Corn cnom le bulLAin, Aj;uf 
Corn ciocaC te AfAit. 5° "ocACcAn mo piob^n t>a mb'peAfn Uom 
beit A5 reACAmc onnAib 'nA An An oipeAT) rm tACAm bACAC, A5 
te;mni$ An leAt-Coif An rut) An oje ! ^Ajait) An c-unlAn ca UnA 
Hi UiogAm Agtif pum-fA. 

peATl [acA -out A5 "OAinrA]. — A^uf ca-o pAt a bpAgrAniAoir An 
c-untAn puc-p a ? 

m AC 111 n-Atltl. — Ua An eAtA An bnuAt nA coinne, cA An 
pnoemcf Uioj'OA, ca peAnlA An bnoltAig bAin, ca An £)enuf 
AmeAfs nA mbAn, ca tlnA Hi TUogAm Ag feAfAm fUAf Hom-fA, 
A5ur aic Ap bit a n-6inijeAnn fife fUAf urhttngeAnn An jeAlAC 
Agur An jniAn rem oi, Aguf umloCAiT) fib-fe. Ua ri no Alumn 
Ajuf no fpeineArhAil le n-Aon beAn eile "oo beit 'nA n-Aice. ACc 
•pAn 50 roil, rul CAirbeAnAim OAOib niAf ^nnieAnn An buACAiti 
bneAj ConnACcAC nmnce, -oeAnrAit) me An c-AbnAn t)Aoib -oo nmne 
me 00 Tleulc Cuige murhAn — "o'tinA 11i nio^Am. 6ini$, a jniAn 
nA mbAn, Ajur oeAnrAniAoiT) An c-AbnAn te ceite, s A(i ^ e beAnf4> 
Ajur Ann pn mumrimi'o 061b cat) e if nmnce pineAnnAC Ann. 

[eiflgeAim flAT) -\ gAbATO AbfAn.j 

mAC tn n-xMin. 

'Si "UnA bAn, nA gfiiAige buite, 

An Ciiiifionn 'cnA-b in mo tAf mo Cnoit)e, 

1f ife mo ftin, 'f mo CumAnn 50 buAtl, 
1f cumA tiom CoiT)Ce beAn aCc i. 

tin A. 

A bAifo nA ftiile t)uibe, if cu 
"FuAin buAi-o m fAn fAo$At A'f ctu, 

5oifim 00 beAl, A'f molAim tu peifl, 
X)o ctnnif mo Cfoit)e m mo CL6ib aiiiuJ. 

The Twisting of the Rope. 3999 

a coach upset at the bottom of the hill, and that they are asking 
for a hay-rope to mend it with. He can't see as far as that 
from the door, and he won't know it's not true it is. 

Mattrya— That's the story, Sheela. Now, Sheamus, go 
among the people and tell them the secret. Tell them what 
they have to say, that* no one at all in this country ever saw 
a hay-rope, and put a good skin on the lie yourself. (Sheamus 
goes from person to person whispering to them and some of 
them begin laughing. The piper has begun playing. Three 
or four couples rise u'p.~\ 

Hanrahan {after looking at them for a couple of minutes). — 
Whisht ! Let ye sit down ! Do ye call such dragging as that 
dancing? You are tramping the floor like so many cattle. 
You are as heavy as bullocks, as awkward as asses. May my 
throat be choked if I would not rather be looking at as many 
lame ducks hopping on one leg through the house. Leave the 
floor to Oona ni Regaun and to me. 

One of the men going to dance. — And for what would we 
leave the floor to you ? 

Hanrahan. — The swan of the brink of the waves, the royal 
phoenix, the pearl of the white breast, the Venus amongst the 
women, Oona ni Regaun, is standing up with me, and any place 
where she rises up the sun and the moon bow to her, and so 
shall ye. She is too handsome, too sky-like for any other 
woman to be near her. But wait a while! Before I'll show 
you how the fine Connacht boy can dance, I will give you 
the poem I made on ,he star of the province of Munster, on 
Oona ni Regaun. Rise up, sun among women, and we will 
sing the song together, verse about, and then we'll show them 
what right dancing is ! (OONA rises). 

Hanrahan. — She is white Oona of the yellow hair, 

The Coolin that was destroying my heart inside me ; 
She is my secret love and my lasting affection, 
I care not for ever for any woman but her. 

Oona. — O bard of the black eye, it is you 

Who have found victory in the world and fame ; 
I call on yourself and I praise your mouth ; 
You have set my heart in my breast astray. 

4000 CAfA-6 An cftiSAin; 

tTIAC 111 h-Atltl: 

'Si tinA bAn r\& jjnuAise 6in, 

ITlo feAnc, mo CumAnn, mo SfA^o, mo fcon, 

Racai* fi fern te n-A bAnt) i gcem; 
"Do toic fi a Cnoi-oe in a Cteib 50 m6nj 

flion ofAT)A oi"6Ce tiom, nA tA, 
A5 eifceACc te "oo comnA-6 bneA$: 

1f binne "oo beAt nA femm tiA n-eAn,< 
Om' Cnoi-oe m mo Cteib x>o fiiAimf SfA-dj 

mAC in n-Atin. 

"Oo fifibAit me fein An "ootiiAn lomtAn,- 
SACfAnA, £hne, ah ]pn Airic 'f An SpAm, 

Hi fACAit) me fern 1 mbAile nA '506111 
Aon Ainmn fA'n ngnein mAn "UnA bAn. 

tin a. 

"Oo cuaLai-o mife An CtAi nf eAC 01 nn 
SAn crnAit) fin ConcAig, aj; feintn tinn, 

1r binne 50 mon Horn fern t>o $ton, 
1r binne 50 mon no b£At 'nA fin. 

ttlAC 111 n-Atltl; 
"Oo bi me fein mo CAttAn boCc, cnAt, 
tlion t6in t)Am oit)Ce cAn An tA, 

50 bfACAit) me i, t)o $oit> mo 0foi"6e; 
A'f "oo "Oibin tn'om mo bnbn 'f mo CnAt>; 

13 11 A: 
"Oo bi me fern An mAi"om in-oe 
A5 fiubAt coif coitte te fAinne An tAe,< 
Oi eun Ann fin aj; femm 50 bmn, 
" ITlo jf At>-f a An 5f At), A'f nAC ALuinn e ! " 

[5tAO-6 Aguf cofAnn Aguf buAHOAnn SeAmuf O n-lAfAinn ah 

"OOfUf AfCeAt.] 

S6A111I1S. — Ob ob fi, oC on 1 6, 50 "oeo ! C£ An coifce mon 
leAgtA A5 bun An cntnc. CA An mAlA a bfuit ticf eACA nA cine 
Ann pteAfgtA, Aguf ni't fneAng nA c6at> nA nopA nA •oa'oai'6 aca 
te nA ceAngAilc Anif. UA fiAX> A5 stACOAC AtnAC Anoif An fuj;An 
f6in xyo "OeAnAtn x>6ib — cibe fonc nuit> e fin — Aj;uf T>ein fiAT) 50 
mb6it> nA ticf eACA 1 An coifce cAittce An CArbuit) fu^Ain f6in 
le n-A sceAngAilc. 

T11AC 111 b-A11tL— 11a bi '5 An mbo-onujA-o ! UA An n-AbnAn 
nAi"Oce AgAinn, Aguf Anoif cAniAoi-o t>ul aj; •oAriifA: Hi tAjAnn 
An coifce An beAlAc fin Af Aon Con; 

The Twisting of the Rope. '1001 

Hanrahan. — O fair Oona of the golden hair, 

My desire, my affection, my love and my store 

Herself will go with her bard afar ; 

She has hurt his heart in his breast greath . 

Oona. — I would not think the night long nor the day, 
Listening to your fine discourse ; 
More melodious is your mouth than the singing of birds 
From my heart in my breast you have found love. 

Hanrahan. — I walked myself the entire world, 

England, Ireland, France and Spain; 

I never saw at home or afar 

Any girl under the sun like fair Oona. 

Oona. — I have heard the melodious harp 

On the street of Cork playing to us ; 

More melodious by far did I think your voice, 

More melodious by far your mouth than that. 

Hanrahan.— I was myself one time a poor barnacle goose, 

The night was not plain to me more than the day 
Until I beheld her, she is the love of my heart, 
That banished from me my grief and my misery. 

Oona. — I was myself on the morning of yesterday 

Walking beside the wood at the break of day ; 
There was a bird there was singing sweetly 
How I love love, and is it not beautiful. 

(A shout and a noise, and Sheamus 'Her, an rushes in). 

Sheamtjs. — Ububu! Ohone-y-o, do deo! The big coach is 
overthrown at the foot of the hill! The bag in which the 
letters of the country are is bursted, and there is neither tie 
nor cord nor rope nor anything to bind it up. They are 
calling out now for a hay sugaun, whatever kind of thing that 
is; the letters and the coach will be lost for want of a hay 
sugaun to bind them. 

Hanrahan. — Do not be bothering us; we have our poem 
done and we are going to dance. The coach does not come this 
wav at, all. 

Irish Lit. Vol. 10— N 

4002 CAfAt> An cfi.15.A1n. 

S6-A1TIUS. — UA^Ann fe An beAtAt fin Anoif — aCc if "0615 ^uf 
fcnAinfeAf tufA, Aguf nAc bfuit eotAf ajax) Aif. tlAC ocAgAnn 
An coifce tAf. An gcnoc Anoif a CoriiAffAnnA ? 

1AT) tllte. — UAgAnn, CAgAnn 50 cmnce. 

1TIAC 111 h-Atltl. — 1f cuniA Horn, a teAcc no jjAn a ceACC; 
A^c b'feAff Horn -pice coifce beit bfifce A|\ An mbotAn nA 50 
gctnffeA peAntA An bfottAig bAm "OAmfA "outnn. AbAif Leir 
An gcoifceoin fopA 00 CAfA* to fem. 

S^AtTltlS. — O mtifoef, ni C15 teif, cA An oifeAt) fin -oe> 
fuinneAm Aguf *oe teAf Aguf "oe fpfeACAt) Agvif "oe tut m fnA 
CAptAib AigeAncA fin 50 scaictO mo Coifceof bocc bfeit Af A 
gcinn. 1f An eigm-bAif if feioif teif a jjceApA-O nA a gcongbAit. 
Ua fAicciof a AnAm' Aif 50 n-eifeocAit) pAT) in a mutlAc, A^uf 
50 n-imteocAi"0 fiAT> uAit> *oe fUAig. UA jac tnle feicf eAC AfCA, 
ni f acatO cu fiAni a teiteio "oe CAptAib fiA*0Ame ! 

1T1AC t!1 n-Atttl. — TTIA ca, cA "OAome eile mf An gcoifce a 
•O^AnfAf fopA mA'f 615m T»o'n toirceoif beit A5 ceAnn nA 
gCApAtt : fA$ fin Ajuf teig *oumn T>AmfA. 

S6ATHtlS. — CA ; cA cfiuf eite Ann, aCc mAi'oif te ceAnn aca, 
ca fe Af teAt-tAim, Aguf feAf eite aca, — cA fe A5 cfit Aj;uf aj; 
cfAtA-O teif An fgAnnfAt) fUAif fe, ni C15 teif feAfAtn Af a "OA 
Coif leif An eAjlA acA Aif ; Aguf mAi'oif teif An cfioriiAt) feAf 
ni't -oume Af bit fin cin 00 teigf eA"6 An f ocAt fin " f 6pA " Af a 
beul in a fiA"6nuife, mAf nAC te fopA x>o CfocA* a AtAif f6m 

Ant1ffA1$, mAf geAtt Af CAOIflj 00 501T). 

1TIAC tJ1 n-Atltl. — CAfAt) feAf AgAib fem ftigAn "oo, mAf fin, 
Aguf f A5A1* An c-uf lAf f uinn-ne. [te "UnA] 'tloif , a f eite nA mbAn 
CAifbeAn -ooib mAf imcijeAnn Kino imeAfg nA n*oeite, no tleten 
pA'f fgfiOfA-0 An UfAoi. T)Af mo tAnii, o X)'eAj; "OeifOfe, fA'f 
cuifeA"0 TlAoife mAC Uifmj cum bAif, ni't a boi"Ofe 1 n6ifinn 
moiu Atz tu fem. CofOCAmAoit). 

S^AtntlS. — Y\a cofAij;, 50 mbei"6 An ftijjAn AjAinn. Tli tig 
tmn-ne ftigAn CAfAt). Tli't ttuitie a^ bit Aiinfo Af feioif leif 
fopA 00 -OeAnAm ! 

1TIAC t11 b-AtlTI. — tli't "oume a\\ bit Ann fo Af fetoif teif fCpA 
"OeAnAtii ! ! 

1AT) tllte.— tli't. 

St^te. — Aguf if fiof "tAoib fin. tli "oeAfnAi-O -oume Af bit 
inf An cif feo fugAn feif AfiAm, ni meAfAim 50 bftnt ouine m 
fAn ci$ feo 00 ConnAic ceAnn aca, fem, aCc mife. 1f mAit 
cmmnijim-fe, niiAif nAt f Aib ionn^m aCc giffeAt beA^ 50 bf acai"6 
me ceAnn aca Af gAbAf x»o fu^ mo feAn-AtAif teif Af ConnAO- 

The Twisting of the Rope. 4003 

Sheamus. — The coach does come this way now, but sure 
you're a stranger and you don't know. Doesn't the coach 
come over the hill now, neighbors? 

All. — It does, it does, surely. 

Hanrahan. — I don't care whether it does come or whether 
it doesn't. I would sooner twenty coaches to be overthrown on 
the road than the pearl of the white breast to be stopped from 
dancing to us. Tell the coachman to twist a rope for himself. 

Sheamus. — Oh, murder, he can't. There's that much vigor 
and fire and activity antf courage in the horses that my poor 
coachman must take them by the heads; it's on the pinch of 
his life he's able to control them; he's afraid of his soul they'll 
go from him of a rout. They are neighing like anything ; you 
never saw the like of them for wild horses. 

Hanrahan. — Are there no other people in the coach that will 
make a rope, if the coachman has to be at the horses' heads? 
Leave that, and let us dance. 

Sheamus. — There are three others in it, but as to one of them, 
he is one-handed, and another man of them, he's shaking and 
trembling with the fright he got ; its not in him now to stand 
up on his two feet with the fear that's on him; and as for the 
third man, there isn't a person in this country would speak to 
him about a rope at all, for his own father was hanged with 
a rope last year for stealing sheep. 

Hanrahan. — Then let one of yourselves twist a rope so, and 
leave the floor to us. [To Oona] Now, star of women, show 
me how Juno goes among the gods, or Helen for whom Troy 
was destroyed. By my word, since Deirdre died, for whom 
Naoise, son of Usnech, was put to death, her heir is not in 
Ireland to-day but yourself. Let us begin. 

Sheamus. — Do not begin until we have a rope; we are not 
able to twist a rope; there's nobody here can twist a rope. 

Hanrahan. — There's nobody here is able to twist a rope ? 

All. — Nobody at all. 

Sheela. — And that's true; nobody in this place ever made 
a hay sugaun. I don't believe there's a person in this house 
who ever saw one itself but me. It's well I remember when I ' 
was a little girsha that I saw one of them on a goat that my 

4004 Cata'6 An cpu5<iin: 

cAib. "bio* nA "OAOine uite A5 p a-6, " ^^ ' C1 <* ' n f ^ puiT> 6 
fin Con An bit ? " Agup T>ubAipc peipeAn gun pugAn no bi/Ann, 
A^up 50 5niT»in nA T>Aoine a teiteit) pm fiop 1 ^ConnAccAib. T)ub- 
Aipc pe 50 pACAt) pe^n aca A5 congbAit An peip Agup feAn eile 
■o'a CAfA-o. CongbocAi* mipe An peap Anoip, mA teitteAnn cupA 
•o'a CAf a*o. 

S6A1TltlS. — t)eAppAit> mipe gtAC peip ArceAC: 

[ImtijeAnn pe AmAt.] 

itiac m n-x\nn [as ^AbAa].— 

'O&AnfAit) me cAmeA-o cuige ITIumAn; 
tli pA^Ann riA-o An c-uplAp pumn ; 
Hi't lonncA capa* pu^Ain, p6m ! 
Cuige tTlutfiAn gAn pnAp gAn peun ! 

5nAm 50 "oeo An tui^e TTIumAn, 
HaC b-pAgAnn piAt) An c-uptAp pumn ; 
Ctnge TTItirhAn nA mbAittpeoip mbpeAn,< 
tlAC "ocij teo capa* pujAm, pern ! 

S6<AmtlS [Ap. Aip]. — Seo An \:eA\\ Anoip; 

tTIAC tl1 Y\-AY\Y\. — UAbAip 'm Ann po 6; CAipbeAnpAi* rrnpe 
T)Aoib cat) *e\AnpAp An ConnAtcAt •oeAg-muince "oeAptAtfiAC, An 
ConnACCAC coin clipce ciAttrhAp, a bpuit tut A$up lAn-pctiAim Aije 
m a tAim, Ajup ciAlt m a CeAnn, Agup copAipce m a Cpoite, Ate 
gup peOt mi-Atf Ajup mopbuAitpeAt An cpAogAit e AmeApg teibi- 
•oini Cuij;e murhAn, aca $An Aoin"oe gAn uAiple, aca jau eOtAp An 
An eAtA tAn An tAtAin, no Ap An op tAn An bppAp, no Ap An tite 
tA\i An bpotAnAn, no An peulc nA mbAn 65, Agup Ap pgAplA An 
bpoUAijg bAm, tAn a 5CUIT) pcpAoitle Agup jjiobAt p6m; UAbAlp 
'm cipin ! 

[SineAnn ipeA^. mAiT)e to, cmpeAnn p6 pop peip cimdott Aip ; 
copAigeAnn p6 t'A CApA-o, Agup Si$te Ag CAbAipc AmAt An peip 

1TIAC m n-Ami [as 5AbAit].— 

UA peAptA mnA 'cAbAipc potuip oumn, 

1p 1 mo jpA-O, ip i mo pun, 

'S 1 "Qua bAn, An pij-beAn dum, 

'S ni tuigio ua tTluiiiinij leAt a pcuAimj 

xVcA nA TTIuimnij peo "oaIXca aj "Oia, 

tli Altmgl'O eAtA tA^\ tAtA l1At, 

Atz ciucpAi* pi Uom-pA, mo tlelen bpeAg 
tTlAp a molpAp a peA^A 'p a pgeim 50 bpAt. 

ApA ! muipe ! muipe ! muipe ! TIaC e peo An bAite bpeA$ tA§At, 
r\At 6 peo An bAile tA\\ bApp, An bAite a mbionn An oipeA-o prn 

The Twisting of the Rope. 4005 

grandfather brought with him out of Connacht. All the 
people used to be saying : Aurah, what sort of thing is that at 
all ? And he said that it was a sugaun that was in it, and 
that people used to make the like of that down in Connacht. 
He said that one man would go holding the hay, and another 
man twisting it. I'll hold {fie hay now, and you'll go twisting 

Sheamus. — I'll bring in a lock of hay. [He goes out.'] 

Hanrahan. — I will make a dispraising of the province of Munster : 
They do not leave the floor to us, 
It isn't in them to twist even a sugaun; 
The province of Munster without nicety, without 

Disgust for ever on the province of Munster, 
That they do not leave us the floor; 
The province of Munster of the foul clumsy people. 
They cannot even twist a sugaun ! 

Sheamus (coming bach). — Here's the hay now. 

Hanrahan. — Give it here to me ; I'll show ye what the well- 
learned, handy, honest, clever, sensible Connachtman will do, 
who has activity and full deftness in his hands, and sense in 
his head, and courage in his heart, but that the misfortune and 
the great trouble of the world directed him among the lebidins 
of the province of Munster, without honor, without nobility, 
without knowledge of the swan beyond the duck, or of the gold 
beyond the brass, or of the lily beyond the thistle, or of the 
star of young women and the pearl of the white breast Beyond 
their own share of sluts and slatterns. Give me a kippeen. 
\A man hands him a stick. He puts at ivisp of hay round it, amd 
begins twisting it, and Sheela giving him out the hay.~\ 

Hanrahan. — There is a pearl of a woman giving light to us; 
She is my love ; she is my desire ; 
She is fair Oona, the gentle queen-woman. 
And the Munstermen do not understand half her courtesy. 
These Munstermen are blinded by God. 
They do not recognise the swan beyond the grey duck, 
But she will come with me, my fine Helen, 
Where her person and her beauty shall be praised for ever. 

Arrah, wisha, wisha, wisha, isn't this the fine village, isn't 
this the exceeding village! the village where there be that 

4006 Capa-6 ah cpujyiin: 

p ogAipe cpoccA Ann nAC mbionn Aon eApbui"6 p6pA A1(\ nA •OAOimO,- 
Leif An m6A"o pOpA joi^oeann piAt) 6'n gcpoCAipe CpAi'dceaCAm 
azA lonncA; "€&> nA popATO aca Ajup ni tugAnn piA*o UAtA iax>— 
aCc 50 gcuipeAnn piAT> An ConnAccAc bocc A5 cap ax> pugAm "001b ! 
ttiop c^p -piAT) pugAn peip in pAn mbAite peo ApiAm — Agup An 
meAT) p«5An cnAibe aza aca -oe bApp An CpoCAipe ! 

5m"6eAnn ConnACcAC ciAllrhAn 

■RopA "Oo pern, 
/Ace 50i"oeAnn An tThnmneAc 

0'n gcpoCAipe e ! 
50 bpeicTo me p6pA 

bpeAg cnAibe 50 pOitl 
"O'a ^Ap5A"6 Ap psoigib 

Jac Aomne Ann po ! 

ITlAp geAtl a^ Aon rhnAoi AmAm •o'imtigeA'OAp nA 5l^5 A1 $> A "S U V 
nlop pcopAXJAp Agup niop mOp-ComnuigeA'OAp no gup pspiopA-OAp 
An UpAoi, A^up mAp geAll a^ Aon mnAoi AiiiAm beit) An bAite peo 
•OAmAncA 50 *oe6 nA n"oeop Agup 50 bpuinne An bpAtA, te "Oia ha 
nsp<Sp, 50 pioppuit>e putAin, nuAip nAp tui5eAT>Ap jup Ab i i3ha 
ni UiogAin An x>ApA tlelen "oo pu^At) in a meApg, Agup 50 pug 
pi bApp Aille a\^ tlelen Agup a^ t)enup, a\^ a "ocAini^ poimpi Agup 

dp "OCIUCpAp 'nA "OlAlg. 

X\cc ciucp^i'O -pi Horn mo p^A\\lA mnA 
50 cuije ConnACc nA n"OAome bpeA$ ; 
^eobAit) pi -peApcA pion A'f peoil, 
"RinnceAnnA Ap"OA, ppopc a^ ce6l. 

O ! mtnpe ! rhuipe ! nAp eipigTO An gpiAn a\^ An mbAite peo, Agup 
nAp tApATO pCAlCA Aip, Agup nAp 

[Ca pe pAn Am po Atnuig tap An "oopup. 6ipigeAnn nA pip uile 
Agup TDunAix) e "d'aoh puAig AtriAin Aip. Cug^nn llnA terni Cum 
An "ooptnp, aCc beipit) nA mnA uippi. CenbeAnn SeAtnup Anonn 

"OH A. — O ! O ! O ! nA cmpisi'oe AmAC e. teig Ap Aip e. Sin 
ComAp O n-Annp-ACAm, ip pile e, ip bApt) e, ip peAp longAncAC 
ej O teig a^ Aip e, nA "oeAn pin Aip ! 

S6ATYIUS. — A. "UnA bAn, Agup a ctnple "oileAp, teig "06. Ua 
pe imtigte Anoip Agup a Cuit) pipcpeog teip. Deit) pe imtijce 
^\p "00 CeAnn AtnApAC, Agup beit) cupA imtigte a^ a CeAnn-p-an. 
11aC bpuil piop aj^az 50 mAit 50 mb'peApp tiom Cu 'nA c6a*o mite 
"Deip^ope, Agup gup cupA m'Aon pe^ptA mnA AttiAm t>'a bpint m 
pAn 'oorhAti. 

TTIAC U1 n-Atltl [Amuig, AS bUAtAt) a^ An TDopup]. — ^opgAit ! 
pop^Ait ! pop^Ait ! tei5it) ApceAC me. O mo peACc 5c6ax> mile 
mAttACc oppAib, 

The Twistinj of the Rope. 4007 

many rogues hanged that the people have no want of ropes 
with all the ropes that they steal from the hangman! 

The sensible Connachtman makes 

A rope for himself; 
But the Munsterman steals it 

From the hangman ; 
That I may see a fine rope, 

A rope of hemp yet 
A stretching on the throats 

Of every person here ! 

On account of one woman only the Greeks departed, and 
they never stopped, and they never greatly stayed, till they 
destroyed Troy ; and on account of one woman only this village 
shall be damned; go deo, na ndeor, and to the womb of judg- 
ment, by God of the graces, eternally and everlastingly, 
because they did not understand that Oona ni Eegaun is the 
second Helen, who was born in their midst, and that she 
overcame in beauty Deirdre and Venus, and all that came 
before or that will come after her! 

But she will come with me, my pearl of a woman, 
To the province of Connacht of the fine people, 
She will receive feast, wine and meat, 
High dances, sport and music! 

Oh wisha, wisha, that the sun may never rise upon this 
village, and that the stars may never shine on it, and 

that . [He is by this time outside the door. All the men 

make a rush at the door, and shut it. Oona rutos towards the 
door, but the women seize her. Sheamtjs goes over to her.~] 

Oona. — Oh, oh, oh, do not put him out, let him back, that is 
Tumaus Hanrahan ; he is a poet, he is a bard,he is a wonderful 
man. Oh, let him back, do not do that to him. 

Sheamtjs. — Oh, Oona bawn, acushla deelish, let him be, he 
is gone now, and his share of spells with him. He will be gone 
out of your head to-morrow, and you will be gone out of his 
head. Don't you know that I like you better than a hundred 
thousand Deirdres, and that you are my one pearl of a woman 
in the world. 

Hanrahan {outside, beating on the door). — Open, open, open, 
let me in! Oh, my seven hundred thousand curses on you, 
the curse of the weak and of the strong, the curse of the poets' 
and of the bards upon you! The curse of the priests on you 

4008 C^fA-6 An cru^Am.' 

[ftuAileAnn y& An "ootuir Attfr A5ttf Attfr eite:] 

TYIaLLaCC tlA tAg Of-ttAlb 'f 11A lAITMn, 

ITlAttACc tiA fAgAnc Agur tiA mbfAtAn, 

ItlAltAtC HA tl-eAfbAtt AgUf ATI "[DApA, 

tTlAttACc tiA mbAincneAbAC 'r tiA nsAntAC: 
■pofS^it ! pofSAH ! porsAit ! 

S^AtTltlS. — UA m6 biiitteAC T>ib a CoiiiAnrAnnA, A^uf bgitf "Grid 
buit>eA6 "Gib AtriAf AC. t)uAit teAC, a rgnAirce ! T>e\An "do "OAriif a 
teAC p6m Atnui$ Ann fin, Anoir ! Hi bpuijit) cu AfceAc Ann ro ' 
0|\a, a C6rhAnrAnnA nAC bf.eA$ 6, Tunne -oo beit Ag CirceACc teif 
An rcoinm CAOb Atnuij, Aj;ur 6 pein 50 rocAif. rArcA coif nA cem- 
eAt): t)uAil teAC I 5feA-o teAC; CA 'wt ComiACC Anoif ? 

The Twisting of the Rope t 4009 

and the friars! The curse of the bishops upon you and the 
Pope! The curse of the widows on you and the children! 
Open ! \}He beats at the door again and again.~\ 

Sh^amus. — I am thankful to ye, neighbors, and Oona will 
be thankful to ye to-morrow. Beat away, you vagabond ! Do 
your dancing out there by yourself now! Isn't it a fine 
thing for a man to be listening to the storm outside, and 
himself quiet and easy beside the fire? Beat away, storm 
away! "Where's Connacht now? 





(About 1641.) 

Maurice Dugan, or O'Dugan, lived near Benburb, in County- 
Tyrone, about tbe year 1641, and he wrote the song to the air of " The 
Coolin," which was even in his time old, and which is, as Hardiman 
says, considered by many "the finest in the whole circle of Irish 
music." He was supposed to be descended from the O'Dugans, 
hereditary bards and historians, one of whom wrote the ' ' Typo- 
graphy of Ancient Ireland," which was extensively used by the 
Four Masters in their "Annals." O'Reilly, in his "Irish Writers," 
mentions four other poems, the production of O'Dugan, namely, 
"Set your Fleet in Motion," " Owen was in a Rage," " Erin has Lost 
her Lawful Spouse," ' ' Fodiila (Ireland) is a "Woman in Decay." The 
translation of "The Coolin " will be found among the works of Sir 
Samuel Ferguson. 


(About 1612.) 

Maurice Fitzgerald lived in Munster in the time of Elizabeth. 
He was the son of David duff (the black) Fitzgerald, and he seems to 
have been a man of considerable education and of refined taste. 
Several of his works exist, but the facts of his life are shrouded in 
darkness. It is supposed that he died in Spain, where many of the 
most eminent Irishmen of his time found an exile's home. His 
journey thither probably suggested the " Ode on his Ship," though 
as Miss Brooke says in her " Reliques of Irish Poetry," it is possible 
the third ode of Horace deserves that credit. In O'Reilly's " Irish 
Writers "is a list of seven poems by Fitzgerald which were in 
O'Reilly's possession in 1820. The translation of his "Ode on his 
Ship " will be found with the work of Miss Brooke. 


Is the supposed author of "County Mayo" or " The Lament of 
Thomas Flavell," the English translation of which by George Fox 
will be found in its place under that author's name. He was a 


4012 Irish Literature. 

native of Bophin, an island on the western coast of Ireland, and lived 
in the seventeenth or eighteenth century. Hardiman says of the 
poem that "it is only remarkable for being combined with one of 
our sweetest native melodies — the very soul of Irish music." 



" Geoffry Keating, the Herodotus of Ireland," says Dr. Douglas 
Hyde in his " Literary History of Ireland," "the Four Masters, and 
Duald MacFirbis were men of whom any age or country might be 
proud, men who, amid the war, rapine, and conflagration that rolled 
through the country at the heels of the English soldiers, still strove 
to save from the general wreck those records of their country which 
to-day make the name of Ireland honorable for her antiquities, 
traditions, and history in the eyes of the scholars of Europe. 

" Of these men, Keating, as a prose writer, was the greatest. He 
was a man of literature, a poet, professor, theologian, and historian, 
in one. He brought the art of writing limpid Irish to its highest 
perfection, and ever since the publication of his ' History of Ireland,' 
some two hundred and fifty years ago, the modern language may 
be said to have been stereotyped. ... I consider him (Keating) the 
first Irish historian and trained scholar who . . . wrote for the 
masses, not the classes, and he had his reward in the thousands of 
copies of his popular history made and read throughout all Ire- 

He was born at Tubbrid, near Clogheen, in County Tipperary, 
about the year 1570. At an early age he was sent to Spain, and he 
studied for twenty -three years in the College of Salamanca. On 
his return he was received with great respect by all classes of his 
countrymen, and after a tour through the country was appointed to 
the ministry of his native parish. Here he soon became famous for 
his eloquence, and crowds came to hear him from the neighboring 
towns of Cashel and Clonmel. Owing to his plain speaking in the 
pulpit, he was in danger of being arrested, and he fled for safety 
into the Galtee mountains. 

Here he caused to be brought to him the materials he had been 
collecting for years, and here wrote his well-known and important 
" History of Ireland," ultimately completed about the year 1625. It 
begins from the earliest period (namely, the arrival of the three 
daughters of Cain, the eldest named Banba, who gave her name to 
Ireland, which was called "the Isle of Banba"), and extends to the 
Anglo-Norman invasion. In 1603, Keating was enabled to return to 
his parish, where he found a coadjutor, with whom he lived and 
labored peacefully for many years. One of the joint works of the 
two men was the erection of a church in 1644, over the door of 
which may yet be seen an inscription speaking of them as found- 
ers, and beside which was placed afterwards the following epitaph 
on the poet-historian : 

Early Irish Authors. 4013 

" In Tj'brid, hid from mortal eye, 
A priest, a poet, and a prophet lie ; 
All these and more than in one man could be 
Concentrated was in famous Jeoffry." 

Of the other works of Keating many were a few years ago, and 
possibly still are, well known traditionally to the peasantry of 
Munster. Among them are " Thoughts on Innisfail," which D'Arcy 
Magee has translated ; "A Farewell to Ireland," a poem addressed to 
his harper; " An Elegy on the Death of Lord de Decies," the " Three 
Shafts of Death," a treatise in Irish prose, which Irish soldiers, -we 
are told, have long held in admiration. He died about 1650. 



Teige MacDaire, son of Daire MacBrody, was born about 1570. 
He was principal poet to Donogh O'Brian, fourth Earl of Thomond, 
and held as his appanage the Castle of Dunogan, in Clare, with its 
lands. In accordance with the bardic usage, he wrote his elegant 
' ' Advice to a Prince " to his chief when the latter attained to the title. 
This is the most elaborate of his poems. Dr. Douglas Hyde in his 
" Literary History of Ireland" tells us that his poetry is all written 
in elaborate and highly wrought classical meters, and that there 
are still extant some 3,400 lines. 

We give among the selections from the work of Dr. Hyde a few 
of the verses translated by him into the exact equivalent of the 
meter in which they are written. 

MacDaire was assassinated by a marauding soldier of Cromwell's 
army, who, as he treacherously flung the poet over a precipice, 
mocked him in Irish, crying : ' ' Go, make your songs now, little 
man ! " This was one of MacDaire's own countrymen. 



John MacDonnell, ' ' perhaps the finest poet of the first half of 
the eighteenth century," says Dr. Douglas Hyde, was born near 
Charleville, in the County Cork, in the year 1691. He has gen- 
erally been called MacDonnell Claragh, from Claragh, the name of 
the residence of his family. O'Halloran in his " History of Ireland " 
speaks of him as " a man of great erudition, and a profound Irish 
antiquarian and poet," and says that he "had made valuable collec- 
tions, and was writing in his native tongue a ' History of Ireland,' " 
which failing health, however, prevented him completing. He also 
proposed translating Homer's Iliad into Irish, and had at least pro- 
ceeded so far as to produce several highly praised specimens of what 
his work would be. But this, as well as the " History of Ireland," 

4014 Irish Literature. 

was put a stop to by his illness and death, and MacDonnell's fame 
must now rest on his poems alone. He died in the year 1754. 

Hardiman ranks him in Irish as equal to Pope in English, and 
believes that had he lived to complete his translation of the Iliad 
it would have been as successful in a literary sense as was that of 
Pope. " If," he continues, " the latter had been an Irishman, and 
had written in the language of the country, it would be a matter of 
difficulty to determine which would be entitled to the prize. But, 
fortunately for his genius and fame, Pope was born on the right 
side of the Channel." 

MacDonnell was, it seems, a "rank Jacobite" in politics, and, 
poet and genius though he was, had often by hasty flights to save 
his life from the hands of the " hunters of the bards." We give a 
translation of one of his poems by an anonymous hand. Others, by 
D'Alton, will be found among the examples of his work. 


Mild as the rose its sweets will breathe, 
Tho' gems all bright its bloom envvreathe ; 
Undeck'd by gold or diamond rare, 
Near Albion's throne stood Grana fair. 

The vestal queen in wonder view'd 
The hand that grasp'd the falchion rude — 
The azure eye, whose light could prove 
The equal power in war or love. 

" Some boon," she cried, " thou lady brave, 
From Albion's queen in pity crave : 
E'en name the rank of countess high, 
Nor fear the suit I'll e'er deny." 

** Nay, sister-queen," the fair replied, 
" A sov'reign, and an hero's bride 
No fate shall e'er of pride bereave — 
I'll honors give, but none receive. 

" But grant to him — whose infant sleep 
Is lull'd by rocking o'er the deep — 
Those gifts, which now for Erin's sake 
Thro' pride of soul I dare not take." 

The queen on Grana gazed and smil'd, 
And honor'd soon the stranger child 
With titles brave, to grace a name 
Of Erin's isle in herald fame. 

1 This ballad celebrates a real historical scene, the visit of the famous 
Grace O'Malley to Queen Elizabeth. In the " Anthologia Hibernica" the 
visit is thus described: "The Queen, surrounded by her ladies, received 
her in great state. Grana was introduced in the dress of her country : a 
long, uncouth mantle covered her head and body ; her hair was gathered 
on her orown, and fastened with a bodkin ; her breast was bare, and she 
had a yellow bodice and petticoat. The court stared with surprise at so 
strange a figure." — " Granu Wail " or " Grana Uile " was one of the typi- 
cal names of Ireland, and, as Lover remarks, the mere playing of the air 
with that name has still a political significance. (See also the examples 
of the work of Ceesar Otway.) 

Early Irish Authors. 4015 


(1585— 1G70.) 

This famous scholar was born in County Sligo. He was the au- 
thor of " The Branches of Relationship," or "Volumes of Pedigrees." 
The autograph copy of this vast compilation, generally known as 
" The Book of MacFirbis," is now in the library of the Earl of Roden. 
He assisted Sir James Ware by transcribing and translating from 
the Irish for him. His ' ' Collection of Glossaries " has been published 
by Dr. Whitley Stokes. His autograph " Martyrology,"or " Litany 
of the Saints " in verse, is preserved in the British Museum. The 
fragment of his Treatise on " Irish Authors "is in the Royal Irish 
Academy. His transcription of the " Chronicum Scotorum " was 
translated by the late Mr. W. M. Hennessy, and published in 1867. 
His " Annals of Ireland " has been translated and edited by O'Dono- 
van, and published by the Irish Archaeological Society. A tran- 
script of his catalogue of ' ' Extinct Irish Bishoprics, " by Mr. Hennessy, 
is in the collection of the Royal Irish Academy. In the Trans- 
actions of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society may be found his 
English version of the " Registry of Clonmacnoise," compiled in the 
year 1216. Some extracts from his works translated by Professor 
O'Donovan will be found among the examples from that gentle- 
man's work. 

(1723 ) 

Andrew Magrath was born in Limerick about 1723. He was one 
of the most gay, careless, and rollicking of the Jacobite poets, and 
one of the last who wrote in his native tongue. He wrote many 
songs and poems, of politics, of love, and of drinking. He was, like 
so many of his fellows, a wild liver ; and his name survives yet 
among the peasantry of his native Munster, among whom he is 
remembered as the Mangaire Sugach, or Merry Monger. The date 
of his death is not known, but he is said to lie buried in Kill- 
mallock Churchyard. 

We append anonymous translations of two of his poems. None 
of them have, however, been adequately rendered into the English 


Too long have the churls in dark bondage oppressed me, 
Too long have I cursed them in anguish and gloom ; 
Yet Hope with no vision of comfort has blessed me — 
The cave is my shelter — the rude rock my home. 
Save Doun 1 and his kindred, my sorrow bad shaken 
All friends from my side, when at evening, forsaken, 
I sought the lone fort, proud to hear him awaken, 
The hymn of deliverance breathing for me. 

1 The ruler of the Munster fairies. 

4016 Irish Literature. 

He told how the heroes were fallen and degraded 

And scorn dashed the tear their affliction would claim ; 
But Phelini and Heber, 1 whose children betrayed it, 

The land shall relume with the light of their fame. 
The fleet is prepared, proud Charles 2 is commanding, 
And wide o'er the wave the white sail is expanding, 
The dark brood of Luther shall quail at their landing, 
The Gael like a tempest shall burst on the foe. 

The bards shall exult, and the harp-strings shall tremble, 
And love and devotion be poured in the strain ; 

Ere " Samhain" 3 our chiefs shall in Temor 4 assemble, 
The ,b Lion" protect our own pastors again. 

The Gael shall redeem every shrine's desecration, 

In song shall exhale our warm heart's adoration, 

Confusion shall light on the foe's usurpation. 

And Erin shine out yet triumphant and free. 

The secrets of destiny now are before you — 

Away ! to each heart the proud tidings to tell : 

Your Charles is at hand, let the green flag spread o'er you ! 
The treaty they broke your deep vengeance shall swell. 

The hour is arrived, and in loyalty blending, 

Surround him ! sustain ! Shall the gorged goal descending 

Deter you, your own sacred monarch defending? 
Rush on like a tempest and scatter the foe I 


I sell the best brandy and sherry, 
To make my good customers merry ; 

But at times their finances 

Run short, as it chances, 
And then I feel very sad, very J 

Here's brandy ! Come, fill up your tumbler ; 
Or ale, if your liking be humbler ; 

And, while you've a shilling, 

Keep filling and swilling — 
A fig for the growls of the grumbler ! 

I like, when I'm quite at my leisure. 
Mirth, music, and all sorts of pleasure ; 
When Margery's bringing 
The glass, I like singing 
With bards— if they drink within measure. 

Libation ! I pour a libation, 

I sing the past fame of our nation ; 

For valorous glory, 

For song and for story, 
This, this, is my grand recreation. 

1 Renegade Irish who joined the foe. 2 The Pretender. 
3 The 1st of November, the festival of Baal-Samen, so called by the 
Druids. i Tara. 

Early Irish Authors. 4017 


(About 1588.) 

Gerald Nugent was one of those Irishmen of English descent of 
whom it was complained that they became more Irish than the Irish 
themselves. In the reign of King John the barony of Devlin in 
Meath was granted to Gilbert de Nugent. By the time of Elizabeth 
the Nugents had taken to the Irish language, like many other inhab- 
itants of the Pale, and Gerald Nugent was a bard and harpist. He 
composed in Irish, and flinging aside his harp he joined with the 
Irish in their attempt to throw off the yoke of the conquerors. Of 
course the result was failure, and Nugent became an exile. In his 
grief at leaving the land of his birth, he composed the ode or lamen- 
tation, a translation of which by the Rev. W. H. Drummond is given 
under that gentleman's name. This is the only one of his poems tliat 
has been preserved. When and where Gerald Nugent died we have 
been unable to discover. 



Turlough Carolan, or O'Carolan, commonly called the last of 
the bards, was born in the year 1670 at the village of Baile-Nusah, or 
Newton, in the County Westmeath, and went to school at Cruise- 
town, County Longfoi'd. When about fifteen (some say eighteen 
and others twenty-two) he lost his sight through an attack of small- 
pox. While at school he made the acquaintance of Bridget Cruise, 
whose name he made famous in one of his songs. 

Many years later Carolan went on a pilgrimage to what is called 
St. Patrick's Purgatory, a cave in an island on Lough Dearg in 
County Donegal. While standing on the shore he began to assist 
some of his fellow-pilgrims into a boat, and chancing to take hold 
of a lady's hand he suddenly exclaimed, "By the hand of my gos- 
sip ! this is the hand of Bridget Cruise ! " So it was, but the fair one 
was still deaf to his suit. 

Carolan moved with his father to Carrick-on-Shannon, and there 
a Mrs. M'Dermott-Roe had him carefully instructed in Irish and 
also to some extent in English. She also caused him to learn how 
to play the harp, not with the view to his becoming a harper, but 
simply as an accomplishment. In his twenty-second year he sud- 
denly determined to become a harper, and, his benefactress pro- 
viding him with a couple of horses and an attendant to carry the 
harp, he started on a round of visits to the neighboring gentry, to 
most of whom he was already known ; and for years he wandered 
all over the country, gladly received wherever he came, and seldom 
forgetting to pay for his entertainment by song in praise of his 

In about middle life he married Miss Mary Maguire, a young lady 

4018 Irish Literature. 

of good family. With her he lived very happily and learned to 
love her tenderly, though she was haughty and extravagant. On 
his marriage he built a neat house at Moshill in County Leitrim, 
and there entertained his friends with more libei-ality than pru- 
dence. The income of his little farm was soon swallowed up, and 
he fell into embarrassments which haunted him the rest of his life. 
On this he took to his wanderings again, while his wife stayed at 
home and busied herself with the education of their rather numerous 
family. In 1733 she was removed by deatb, and a melancholy 
fell upon him which remained until the end. He did not survive his 
wife long. In 1738 he paid a visit to the house of his early 
benefactress, Mrs. M'Dermott-Roe, and there he fell ill and died. 

Dr. Douglas Hyde says in his ' ' Literary History of Ireland " : "He 
composed over two hundred airs, many of them very lively, and 
usually addressed to his patrons, chiefly to those of the old Irish 
families. He composed his own words to suit his music, and these 
have given him the reputation of a poet. They are full of curious 
turns and twists of meter to suit his airs, to which they are admir- 
ably wed, and very few are in regular stanzas. They are mostly 
of Pindaric nature, addressed to patrons or to fair ladies ; there are 
some exceptions however, such as his celebrated ode to whisky, one 
of the finest bacchanalian songs in any language, and his much 
more famed but immeasurably inferior ' Receipt for Drinking.' 
Very many of his airs and nearly all his poetry with the exception 
of about thirty pieces are lost. " 

Examples of his poetry will be found in translations by John 
D' Alton, Arthur Dawson, Sir Samuel Ferguson, Thomas Furlong, 
and Dr. George Sigerson. 

There is a well-known portrait of him by the Dutch painter, 
Vanderhagen, which bears some resemblance to the portraits of 



Referring to "The Annals of the Four Masters," Dr. Douglas 
Hyde says in his ' ' Literary History of Ireland " : " This mighty work 
is chiefly due to the herculean labors of the learned Franciscan 
brother, Michael O'Clery," who was born in Donegal about the year 
1580. He was descended from a learned family who had been for 
centuries hereditary historians to the O'Donnells, princes of Tyr- 
connell, and at an early age became distinguished for his abilities. 
While yet young he retired to the Irish Franciscan monastery at 
Lou vain, where he soon attracted the attention of the learned Hugh 
Ward, a native of his own country and a lecturer at the Irish Col- 
lege. His perfect knowledge of the Irish language and history 
caused him to be employed by Ward to carry out a project that en- 
thusiastic monk had formed for rescuing the annals and antiquities 
of his country from oblivion. 

Early Irish Authors. 4019 

O'Clery then returned to Ireland, where for many years he busied 
himself collecting manuscripts and other works and transmitting 
them to Louvain. In 1635 Ward died, but some time before he 
managed to publish from O'Clery's materials " The Life of St. Ru- 
molcl," " Irish Martyrology," and a treatise on the " Names of Ire- 
land." John Colgan, also a native of Donegal, afterwards made 
large use of O'Clery's manuscripts in his works on the Irish saints, 
' ' Trias Thaumaturga " and ' ' Acta Sanctorum Hibernise. " Even be- 
fore Ward's death, however, O'Clery had commenced his great 
work, which at first went by the name of " The Annals of Donegal," 
then by the title of ' ' The Ulster Annals," and is now known over the 
world as " The Annals of the Four Masters," as he and his assistants, 
Peregrine O'Clery, Conary O'Clery, and Peregrine O'Duigenan, a 
learned antiquary of Kilronan, were named. He had also some 
little help from the hereditary historians to the kings of Connaught, 
two members of the old and learned family of the O'Maolconerys. 

The work states that it was entirely composed in the convent of 
the Brothers of Donegal, who supplied the requirements of the tran- 
scribers while their labors were in progress. Fergal O'Gara, a 
member for Sligo in the Parliament of 1634, is also said to have 
liberally rewarded O'Clery's assistants, while it was his advice and in- 
fluence that prevailed on O'Clery to bring them together and proceed 
with the work. In the "Testimonials " are also stated the names of the 
books and manuscripts from which the " Annals " were compiled, 
and there also we find the information that the first volume was 
begun on the 22d January, 1632, and the last finished on the 10th 
August, 1636. To the " Testimonials," which is a kind of guarantee 
of the faithfulness of the work, are subscribed the names of the Su- 
pei-ior and two of the monks, together with the countersignature of 
O'Donnell, Prince of Tyrconnell. 

After the completion of the " Annals" O'Clery returned to Lou- 
vain, where in 1643 he published a " Vocabulary of the Irish Lan- 
guage. " This seems to have been the last of his works, and this year 
the last year of his life. 

" The Annals of the Four Masters " begin at the earliest period of 
Irish history, about a.d. 1171, and end a.d. 1616, covering a pe- 
riod of 444 years. The ' ' Annals " were published in Dublin by Bryan 
Geraghty in 1846. 

Examples of the translations by Owen Connellan and O'Dono- 
van will be found among the work of these writers, also a trans- 
lation by O'Donovan from the " Annals." 



Diarmud O'Curnatn was born in Cork in 1740, and died in Mode- 
ligo, Waterford, in the first quarter of the present century. He 
was a tall, handsome farmer. He traveled to Cork to purchase 
wedding presents for his betrothed, but was met on his way home 
by the news that she had married a wealthy suitor. He flung 

4020 Irish Literature. 

all his presents into the fire, and from the shock lost his reason, 
which he never recovered. 

A translation of an Irish poem of his by Dr. Sigerson is given 
among the examples of the work of that gentleman. 


(1695 ?— 1720 ?) 

John O'Neachtan was still alive in 1715. He was a native 
of County Meath, but beyond this little is known about him. 
"He was," says Dr. Douglas Hyde in his " Literary History of 
Ireland," "one of the earliest writers of Jacobite poetry, and per- 
haps the most voluminous man of letters of his day among the 
native Irish. One of his early poems was written immediately after 
the battle of the Boyne, when the English soldiery stripped him of 
everything he possessed in the world, except one small Irish book. 
Between forty and fifty of his pieces are enumerated by O'Reilly, and 
I have seen others in a manuscript in private hands. These in- 
cluded a poem in imitation of those called ' Ossianic,' of 1,296 lines, 
and a tale written about 1717 in imitation of the so-called Fenian 
tales, an amusing allegoric story called the 'Adventures of Ed- 
mund O'Clery,' and a curious but extravagant tale called the 
' Strong-armed Wrestler.' 

' ' Hardiman had in his possession a closely written Irish treatise by 
O'Neachtan of five hundred pages on general geography, contain- 
ing many interesting particulars concerning Ireland, and a volume 
of ' Annals of Ireland ' from 1167 to 1700. He also translated a great 
many church hymns, and, I believe, prose books from Latin. His 
elegy on Mary D'Este, widow of James II., is one of the most mu- 
sical pieces I have ever seen, even in Irish : 

" ' SLOW cause of my fear 
NO pause to my tear, 
The brightest and whitest 
LOW lies on her bier. 

FAIR Islets of green, 
RARE sights to be seen, 
Both highlands and Islands 
THERE sigh for the Queen.' " 

A translation by Thomas Furlong of O'Neachtan's famous song 
" Maggy Laidir " is given with the examples of the writings of that 


' ' Side by side with the numerous prose sagas which fall under the 
title of 'Fenian,' " says Dr. Douglas Hyde in his " Literary His- 
tory of Ireland," " there exists an enormous mass of poems, chiefly 

Early Irish Authors. 4021 

narrative, of a minor epic type, or else semi-dramatic epopees, 
usually introduced by a dialogue between St. Patrick and the poet 
Ossian. Ossian * was the son of Finn mac Cumhail, vulgarly 
' Cool, ' and he was fabled to have lived in Tir na n-6g, the country 
of the ever-young, the Irish Elysium, for three hundred years, thus 
surviving all his Fenian contemporaries and living to hold colloquy 
with St. Patrick. The so-called Ossianic poems are extraordinarily 
numerous, and were they all collected would probably (between 
those preserved in Scotch-Gaelic and in Irish) amount to some 80,000 
lines. . . . The most of them, in the form in which they have come 
down to us at the present day, seem to have been composed in rather 
loose metres . . . and they were even down to our fathers' time 
exceedingly popular, both in Ireland and in the Scotch Highlands, in 
which latter country Ian Campbell, the great folk-lorist, made the 
huge collection which he called Leabhar na Feinne, or the Book 
of the Fenians. 

' ' Some of the Ossianic poems relate the exploits of the Fenians ; 
others describe conflicts between members of that body and worms, 
wild beasts, and dragons ; others fights with monsters and with 
strangers come from across the sea ; others detail how Finn and his 
companions suffered from the enchantments of wizards and the 
efforts made to release them ; one enumerates the Fenians who fell at 
Cnoc-an-air ; another gives the names of about three hundred of the 
Fenian hounds ; another gives Ossian's account of his three hundred 
years in the Land of the Young and his return ; many more consist 
largely of semi-humorous dialogues between the saint and the old 
warrior ; another is called Ossian's madness ; another is Ossian's 
account of the battle of Gabhra, which made an end of the Fenians, 
and so on. . . . 

4 ' There is a considerable thread of narrative running through thes© 
poems and connecting them in a kind of series, so that several of 
them might be divided into the various books of a Gaelic epic of the 
Odyssic type, containing, instead of the wanderings and final res- 
toration of Ulysses, the adventures and final destruction of the 
Fenians, except that the books would be rather more disjointed. 
There is, moreover, splendid material for an ample epic in the divi- 
sion between the Fenians of Munster and Connacht and the gradual 
estrangement of the High King, leading up to the fatal battle of 
Gabhra ; but the material for this last exists chiefly in prose texts, 
not in the Ossianic lays. . . . 

"The Ossianic lays are almost the only narrative poems which ex- 
ist in the language, for although lyrical, elegiac, and didactic poetry 
abounds, the Irish never produced, except in the case of the Ossianic 
epopees, anything of importance in a narrative and ballad form, 
anything, for instance, of the nature of the glorious ballad poetry of 
the Scotch Lowlands. 

" The Ossianic meters, too, are the eminently epic ones of Ire- 
land. . . . 

" Of the authorship of the Ossianic poems nothing is known. In 
the Book of Leinster are three short pieces ascribed to Ossian 

1 In Irish Oisin, pronounced "Eskeen," or "Ussheen." 

4022 Irish Literature. 

himself, and five to Finn, and other old MSS. contain poems ascribed 
to Caoilte, Ossian's companion and fellow survivor, and to Fergus, 
another son of Finn ; but of the great mass of the many thousand 
lines which we have in seventeenth and eighteenth century MSS. 
there is not much which is placed in Ossian's mouth as first hand, 
the pieces, as I have said, generally beginning with a dialogue, from 
which Ossian proceeds to recount his tale. But this dramatic form 
of the lay shows that no pretense was kept up of Ossian's being the 
singer of his own exploits. From the paucity of the pieces attributed 
to him in the oldest MSS. it is probable that the Gaelic race only 
gradually singled him out as their typical pagan poet, instead of 
Fergus or Caoilte or any other of his alleged contemporaries, just 
as they singled out his father Finn as the typical pagan leader of 
their race ; and it is likely that a large part of our Ossianic lay and 
literature is post-Danish, while the great mass of the Red Branch 
saga is in its birth many centuries anterior to the Norsemen's 


(1780?— 1840?) 

The story of the discovery of the writings of Raftery by Dr. 
Douglas Hyde and Lady Gregory is one of the most curious and 
interesting in the annals of literature. We have not space for it in 
detail ; in brief it was on this wise : Some time in the seventies Dr. 
Hyde heard an old man singing a song at the door of his cottage. The 
old man, at his request, taught Dr. Hyde the song and the latter 
went away. 

Twelve years after, when Dr. Hyde was working in the Royal 
Irish Academy, he came across some old manuscript containing a 
number of poems ascribed to a man named Raftery, and among them 
the very song that he had learned on that morning long ago. 

Seven years more elapsed, and Dr. Hyde one day met an old blind 
man begging. He gave him a penny, and passed on, when it 
suddenly occurred to him that he should have spoken to him in 
Irish. He did so and conversed with him for an hour. Among 
other things they talked about was Raftery, and Dr. Hyde learned 
much about the poet from the old man. 

This set him upon the track of the poet, and the final result was 
the recovery of most of his poems and considerable material for his 
biography, which would otherwise have been absolutely lost. Had 
it not been for the fact that the poems were so well known up and 
down the country, it would have been impossible to recover many 
of them. 

Raftery was born about 1780 or 1790 at Cilleaden, County Mayo, 
of very poor parents. He was early in life deprived of his sight by 
smallpox, so that he never had any better occupation by which to 
make a living than that of a fiddler. Though he was absolutely 
destitute and practically dependent upon alms, no poet of the people 

Early Irish Aicthors. 4023 

ever exercised so widespread an influence upon those among whom 
he lived. He was never taught either to read or to write; he had no 
access to books of any kind, or any form of literature, except what 
he was able to pick up through his ears as he traveled from cottage 
to cottage, with his bag over his shoulder, picking up his day's 
meals as he went. 

Lady Gregory in her " Poets and Dreamers " deals very fully with 
his work, and from the examples which she gives we are justified 
in claiming for this, the last of Irish bards, the name of an inspired 
one. It is said that he spent the last years of his life in making 
prayers and religious songs, of which Lady Gregory gives some 
interesting examples, and of which " The Confession," printed in the 
present volume, is typical. 

He died at an advanced age, about 1840, and is buried at Killeenan, 
County Mayo, where there is a stone over his grave, and where the 
people from all parts round about gather in August of every year to 
do honor to his memory. 



Richard Stanihurst was born in Dublin, and in his eighteenth 
year went to University College, Oxford. He studied law at Furni- 
val's Inn and Lincoln's Inn ; and, returning to Ireland, married a 
daughter of Sir Charles Barnewell. About 1579 he took up his resi- 
dence in Ley den, entered holy orders, and became chaplain to 
Albert, Archduke of Austria and Governor of the Spanish Nether- 
lands. A great portion of his writings are in Latin. His first work, 
which was published in London in 1570, in folio, is entitled "Har- 
monia, seu catena dialectica Porphyrium," and is spoken of with 
particular praise by Edmund Campion, then a student at St. John's 
College, Oxford. His other works are " De rebus in Hibernia gestis " 
(Antwerp, 1584, 4to); " Descriptio Hibernise," which is to be found 
in " Holinshed's Chronicle," of which it formed a part of the second 
volume ; " De Vita S. Patricii " (Antwerp, 1587, 12mo) ; « ' Hebdomada 
Mariana " (Antwerp, 1609, 8vo) ; ' ' Hebdomada Eucharistica " (Douay, 
1614, 8vo); "Brevis premonitio pro futura commentatione cum 
Jacobo Usserio" (Douay, 1615, 8vo) ; " The Principles of theCatholic 
Religion"; "The First Four Books of Virgil's ^Eneid in English 
Hexameters" (1583, small 8vo, black letter); with which are printed 
the four first Psalms, " certayne poetical conceites" in Latin and 
English, and some epitaphs. 


(About 1600 or 1610.) 

Little is known of Owen Roe Mac an Bhaird, or Red Owen 
Ward, beyond the fact that he was the bard of the O'Donnells, and 

4024 Irish Literature. 

accompanied the princes of Tyrconnell and Tyrone when they fled 
from Ireland in 1607. In O'Reilly's " Irish Writers " the names of 
nine lengthy and still extant poems of his are given. The ' ' Lament," 
translated by J. Clarence Mangan, will be found among that author's 
contributions to this work ; it is addressed to Nuala, sister of 
O'Donnell, the Prince of Tyrconnell, who died in Rome, and was 
interred in the same grave with O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone. Ward 
was the descendant of a long line of bards and poets of the same 




Father Dinneen is a native of the district adjoining Killarney, 
in East Kerry, a district that has produced a crop of distinguished 
poets such as Egan O'Rahilly, Geoffrey O'Donoghue, Eoghan Ruadh 
O'Sullivan, Finneen O'Scannell. He drank in the traditional lore of 
this region during his boyhood, and always held the Irish language 
in special veneration. University and ecclesiastical studies, how- 
ever, engrossed the best years of his youth and early manhood, and 
it was only when the enemies of Ireland's honor came forward at 
the Intermediate Education Commission, held in Dublin a few years 
ago, and sought to vilify Irish literature, to show that whatever 
little of it survived was either "silly" or "indecent," that he set 
seriously to work to lay before the world the collected works of sev- 
eral modern Irish poets, including those named above. 

Besides collecting from manuscripts and editing for the first time 
the works of some six distinguished poets, Father Dinneen has in 
three or four years written several prose works in Irish, including 
an historical novel, " Cormac Va Conaill," a description of Killarney, 
and several plays. He has also finished a dictionary of the modern 
Irish language, with explanations in English. He is perhaps the 
most earnest writer of the Gaelic movement, and his editiones prin- 
cipes of the Munster poets are of the greatest value. 


Mr. James J. Doyle, the most unwearying worker and, with the 
single exception, perhaps, of Father O'Leary, the raciest writer of 
Irish dialogue living, was born at Cooleanig, Tuogh, County Kerry, 
forty-five years ago. The son of a well-connected, well-disposed, well- 
to-do farmer, he had the advantage of spending his boyhood in a sin- 
gularly bilingual atmosphere ; but it was only on leaving the local 
National school to enter the Revenue Service at the age of nineteen 
that he commenced to study the literature of his race. To Mr. David 
Connyn he attributes much of his earlier interest in Ireland's hal- 
lowed literature, an interest which has been steadily deepening for 
upwards of a quarter of a century. 

Owing to circumstances with which our readers are unhappily 
only too familiar, Mr. Doyle remained unknown as a writer until 
the Oireachtas of 1898. On this occasion, however, he leisurely 
carried off a prize for three humorous Irish stories, and again at the 

4025 i r i s h Lit. Vol. io-O 

4026 Irish Literature. 

Oireachtas of 1900 he won the " Independent " prize for a story of 
modern Irish life. Still later, at the " FeisUladh," he received first 
prize for a paper on "Ulster Local Names." This latter is one of 
his pet subjects, and has constituted the theme of many a lecture 
delivered in the interest of the Gaelic League. 

Mr. Doyle also won first prize in the ' ' Irish Phrase-Book Compe- 
tition " at the recent Oireachtas, 1901, and though not a teacher 
was fourth in the competition (open to all Ireland) for Archbishop 
Walsh's prize of £25 ($125) for a bilingual school programme. 

In 1881 he married Miss Mary A. Joyce, sister to Dr. King Joyce, 
of Dublin. She, like her devoted husband, is also bilingual, and it 
is not to be wondered at that they are, as the Claiclheamh is wont to 
eay, " bringing up seven sturdy, enthusiastic young bilingualists." 

His numerous relatives and friends in the United States will share 
his own manifest gratification at the fact that his parents are still 
hale and hearty, and, as he himself is practically in the prime of 
life just now, there seems every hope that the readers of An Clai- 
dheamh — and probably of other Irish journals — will have access to 
his inimitable contributions for many a year to come. 

As in the case of several of the most active members of the Gaelic 
League, his position of Supervisor in the Inland Revenue does not 
prevent him from rendering very efficient, if undemonstrative, 
service to his country. He resides at present in Derry, and is pos- 
sibly the most energetic organizer in all Ulster. His assistance to 
Mr. Concannon has been simply invaluable. 

"Cathair Conroi," children's stories, won the first prize at 1902 

He was one of the original founders of the Society for the Preserva- 
tion of the Irish Language in 1876, and subsequently of the Gaelic 
Union, which founded the Gaelic Journal in 1882, and which might 
be said to have paved the way for the Gaelic League. 

Mr. Doyle is the author of the following books, published by the 
Gaelic League: " Beert Fhear o' n-Tuaith," or "Two Men from the 
Country," a series of snapshots of Irish rural life in the form of 
dialogue; " Taahg Gabha," " Tim the Smith," a racy story of Kerry 
life; "Cathair Conroi," and other stories suitable for children; an 
" Irish-English Phrase Book." 


Miss Agnes O'Farrelly, or in Irish Una ni Thearghaille, comes 
from one of the oldest and most respected families in the County 
Cavan. She was born at Kiffenny House, East Breffin. She was the 
first lady candidate to take up Irish as subject for the M.A. exami- 
nation in the Royal University, which she passed with the highest 
honors. She has spent much time in the Arran Islands learning to 
speak the language colloquially, and in 1899 she attended a course of 
lectures in Old Irish by Monsieur de Jubainville in Paris at the 
College do France. She has been for years one of the most prom- 

Modern Irish Authors. 402? 

inent members of the Coisde Griotha, or Executive of the Gaelic 
League. She is chief examiner in Celtic to the Board of Inter- 
mediate Education. Her principal writings are a propagandist 
tract in English called "The Reign of Humbug," and two stories in 
Irish, one called "Gradh agus Cradh," the other an Arran story- 
called " The Cneamhaire," from which we give an extract, and, lastly, 
the splendid " Life of Father O'Growney," which has just been pub' 
lished and which is full of interest and information about the rise 
of the Irish Revival. She has nearly completed the collecting and 
editing of the text of John O'Neachtan's poems, and the editing of a 
very difficult text from the library of the Franciscans, containing 
an account of the wanderings of O'Neill and O'Donnell in Spain. 
She is an indefatigable worker in the cause of Irish Ireland. 


Thomas Haves was born in Miltown Malbay on Nov. 2, 1866, 
where his father was a master cooper in comfortable circumstances. 

He was educated in the National school. Both his parents were 
very good Irish speakers, and his home language was Irish. His 
house was always a great rendezvous for the neighbors, who used 
to meet there to tell stories, and the boy with mouth, and eyes, and 
ears open drank in a great many of the local tales and legends. In- 
deed, the house during this period was more like a branch of the 
Gaelic League than anything else. 

His father was a member of the Fenian Brotherhood, and his 
mother was intensely Irish. 

In 1886 he was appointed as assistant teacher in Harold's Cross 
National School, Dublin. He went through a course in St. Pat- 
rick's Training College, Drumcondra, in 1891-92, and in 1895 was 
appointed principal of St. Gabriel's Boys' School, Aughrim Street. 

He is a good amateur musician, and carried off two first prizes at 
the R. I. A. M. School Choirs competitions in 1898 and 1901 ; the 
Oireachtas Gold Medal for singing, and also the prize for the best 
original air to " Caoinead An Guinn " at the Oireachtas, besides sev- 
eral second prizes at the R. I. A. M. Oireachtas and Leinster Feis. 

In 1893 he joined the Gaelic League, and was soon after co-opted 
on the Executive Committee, of which he has since remained a 
member. He threw himself enthusiastically into the work of the 
League, and devoted a considerable portion of his spare time for 
several years to teaching Irish and singing in different branches of 
the League. He was the first teacher in Ireland to apply the Tonic 
Sol-Fa system to the teaching of Irish songs. His first attempt at 
Irish prose composition was published in the Gaelic Journal in 
1894, and since then he has been in evidence more or less over his 
own name; but much of his work in Irish in the shape of articles, 
etc., has been unsigned. 

4028 Irish Literature. 


Patrick O'Leary, like his friend, Donnchalh Pleinnionn of Cork, 
was one of the first martyrs of the Irish Revival. He died early, to 
the great loss of the movement, chiefly from overwork connected 
with it. His principal effort was the collection of Munster folk 
tales, called Sgeuliugheacht Chirige Mumham, chiefly from his 
native place near Eyeries, in the extreme south of Ireland. He was 
the first to collect the folk tales of Munster, having been incited 
thereto, as he says in his preface, by the Connaught collections of the 
"Craoibhin." He published many excellent things in the Gaelic 
Journal, and possibly elsewhere. He was a complete master of the 
language, and if he had lived would have undoubtedly become one 
of our ablest writers. 


Father Peter O'Leary was born in the year 1840, in the middle 
of a wild and mountainous district, about midway between Mill- 
street and Macroom, in the County Cork. Irish was at that time 
the language of that district. The people spoke scarcely any 
English. In that way it happened that Father O'Leary's child- 
hood and youth were impregnated with Irish. He was fortu- 
nate in another way also. His mother was a highly educated 
woman, as well as a very talented one. When she spoke English to her 
children it was the best and the most correct English, and when she 
spoke Irish to them it was the best and the purest and the most cor- 
rect Irish. His father had not received an English education, but 
the mastery which he had of the Irish language and the force and 
power with which he could use it were exceptional, even in a dis- 
trict where the language was, at that time, very copious and very 

It is not to be wondered at that a person whose childhood and 
early youth were passed in the midst of such opportunities should 
have now the knowledge of the Irish language which Father O'Leary 
has. During that childhood and early youth he often passed con- 
siderable periods of time without ever speaking an English word. 

The chief part of his English education was obtained at home from 
his mother. Having gone to a classical school in Macroom and 
learned some Latin and Greek, he went to the newly established 
College of St. Colman in Fermoy. Then he went on to Maynooth, 
and was ordained in 1867. 

He never thought there was the remotest danger of the death 
of the Irish language until he went into Maynooth. When he 
got among the students in Maynooth he was astonished to find 
that there were many of them who could not speak a word of Irish. 
Not only that, but that there were large districts of the country 
where no word of Irish was spoken, and that such districts were 
growing larger each year, while those districts where Irish was 

Modern Irish Authors. 4029 

spoken were growing each year smaller. It was easy to see where 
that would end, and that the end was not very far off. 

He then turned his attention to the study of Irish, determined to 
keep alive at least one man's share of the national speech. 

Having been ordained and sent on the mission, he made it a point 
to preach in Irish and to speak Irish to the people whenever and 
wherever it was possible to do so. 

But the Irish-speaking districts continued to grow small, and the 
English-speaking districts continued to expand, and the case con- 
tinued to grow more and more hopeless every day and every hour. 

At last the Gaelic League made its appearance. The moment it 
did Father O'Leary went into the work, determined to do at least 
one man's share. He has continued to do so. 

Father Peter is the ' ' good old man " of the Munster Revival. His 
influence in that province is unbounded. Two of his plays, the 
" Ghost " and " Tadhg Saor," are constantly acted in Munster, and 
his writings, of which "Seadhna" is perhaps the best known, are 
acknowledged to be the most idiomatic of those of any Irish writer. 
He is very prolific, and every week sees something new from his 
pen, either in the Cork papers or in the Dublin Leader. He is one 
of the two vice-presidents of the Gaelic League. 

P. J. O'SHEA. 

Mr. P. J. O'Shea is a Kerry man, from the parish of An Team- 
pole Nuadh. He worked for many years as a Custom House officer 
in Belfast, and is at present in England. Over the signature of 
" Conan Maol," he has contributed an immense quantity of fine idio- 
matic Irish to the Claidheamh Solnis and other papers. He is of 
splendid physique and immense personal strength, and is descended 
from a race famous for their prowess and bravery in old times. His 
.sketch of O'Neill in this library is a fair specimen of his style. 


A bochal (A bhuachaill) Boy, my boy. 

Aboo, Abu ! To victory ! Hurrah ! 

A CHARA, A CHORRA. Friend, my friend. 

A coolin bawn (a chuilin ban) her fair-colored flowing hair. 

Acushla (a chuisle) vein — acushla ma- 
CHREE Pulse of my heart. 


chuisle agus a stoir mo chroidhe) O pulse and treasure of my 

heart ! 

A cushla gal mo chree (a chuisle geal mo 
chroidhe) O bright pulse of my heart. 

Agra, Agradh (a ghradh) Love, my love. 

A-hagur (a theagair) O dear friend ! Comforter. 

Aileen aroon (Eibhlin a ruin) Ellen, dear. 

Alanna (a leinbh) child. 

Alaun a lout. 

Alpeen (alpin) ' a stick. 

An chaiteog The Winnowing Sheet (name 

of Irish air). 

Anchuil-fhionn (an chuileann) the white or fair- haired 


Angashore (aindiseoir) a stingy person, a miser. 

An smachtaoin CRON the copper-colored stick of 


An spailpin fanach wandering laborer, a strapping 


A'ra gal (a ghradh geal) O bright love ! 

Aroon (a ruin) O secret love ! beloved, sweet- 

Arrah (ar' eadh) (literally, Was it?) Indeed ! 

Arth-looghra (arc luachra or arc-sleibhe)..a lizard. 

Asthore (a stoir) Treasure. 

A-stoir mo chroidhe (a stoir mo chroidhe) . . Treasure of my heart. 

Astor gra geal machree (a stoir gradh 

geal mo chroidhe) Treasure, bright love of my 


A suilish machree (a sholais mo chroidhe) Light of my heart. 

A thaisge Treasure, my darling, my com- 

Aulagone (ullagon). See Hullagone. 

Avic (a mhic) Son, my son. 

Avourneen (a mhuirnin) Darling. 

Baithershin (Vfheidir sin) That is possible ! Likely, in- 
deed ! Perhaps. 

Ballyraggin scolding, defaming. 

Ban-a-t'gee (bean-an-tighe) woman of the house. 

Banshee (bean-sidhe) (literally, fairy- 
woman) , the death-warning spirit of the 

old Irish families. 

4032 Irish Literature. 

Banshee (bean sidhe) fairy woman. 

Baumash, raitneis nonsense. 

Bawn (ban) fair, white, bright, a park. 

Bawn, Badhun cattle-yard or cow-fortress. 

Beal-an-atha-buid (beal an atha buidhe). Mouth of the Yellow Ford. 

Bean an fhir ruaidh the red-haired man's wife. 

Be ann act De la t'anam (beanacht De le 

d'anam) The blessing of God on your 

soul ! 

Bean shee (bean sidhe). See Banshee. 

Beinnsin lauchra little bunch of rushes (Irish air). 

B'eder sin (B'fheidir sin). See Baithershin. 

Biredh (baireadh) a cap. 

Bladdherang — blathering (from blad- 
aire) flattering. 

Blasthogue (blastog) persuasive speech, a sweet- 
mouthed woman. 

BoCCagh (bacach) a cripple, a beggar. 

Boccaty (bacaide) anything lame. 

Bodach (bodagli) a churl ; also a well-to-do man. 

Boliaun bwee (buachallan bhuidhe) ragwort. 

Boliaun dhas (buachallan deas) the ox-eye daisy. 

BOLLHOUS rumpus. 

Bonnocht (buanadh) a billeted soldier. 

Boreen (boithrin) , a little road, a lane (a diminu- 
tive of bothar, a road). 

Bosthoon (bastamhan) a blockhead; also a stick made 

of rushes. 

Bothered (bodhar) deaf, bothered. 

Bouchal (buachaill) a boy. 

Bouchelleen bawn (buachaillin ban) white (haired) little boy. 

Brehons (breitheamhain) the hereditary judges of the 

Irish Septs. 

Brighdin ban mo store (brighidin ban mo 

stor ) White (haired) Bridget, my 


Brishe (brisheadh ) breaking ; a battle. 

Brochans (brochan) gruel, porridge. 

Brogue (brog) a shoe. 

Brugaid (brughaidh) a keeper of a house of public 


Bruighean a fair mansion, a pavilion, a 


Brushna (brusna) broken sticks for firewood. 

Bunnaun (buinnean) a stick, a sapling. 

Cailin deas a pretty girl. 

Cailin deas cruidhe na mbo (cailin deas 

cruidhte na m-bo) the pretty milkmaid. 

Cailin og a young girl. 

Cailin ruadii a red (haired) girl. 

Cairderga (caoire dearga) a red berry, the rowan berry. 

Caish (ceis) a young female pig. 

Caistla-na-kirka Castlekerke. 

Calliagh (cailleach) a hag, a witch. 

Canats a term of supreme contempt. 

( annawaun (ceanna-bhan) bog cotton. 

Caoch , blind, blind of one eye. 

Caoine (caoineadh) .a keen, a wail, a lament. 

Glossary. 4033 

Cappain d'yarrag (caipin dearg) a red cap. 

Casadh an tsugain the twisting of the straw 

Caubeen (caibin) a hat, literally "little cap," 

the diminutive of eaib, a 

cape, cope, or hood. 

Cead mile failte A hundred thousand welcomes! 

Ceanbhan (ceanna-bhan) bog cotton. See Cannawaun. 

Cean dubh deelish (acheann dubh dhilis). . Faithf ul black head, dear dark- 
haired girl. 

Clairseach harp. 

Cleave (cliabh) a basket, a creel. 

Clochaun (clochan) a stone-built cell, stepping- 

Coatamore (cota mor) a great coat, an overcoat. 

Codhladh an tsionnaigh The Fox's Sleep (name of Irish 

air). Pretending death. 

Collauneen (coileainin) a little pup. 

Colleagh cushmor (cailleach cos-mor) a big- footed hag. 

Colleen bawn (cailin ban) a fair-haired girl. 

Colleen dhas {cailin deas) pretty girl. 

Colleen dhas crootha nabo (cailin deas 

cruidhte na m-bo) the pretty milkmaid. 

Colleen dhown a brown-haired girl. " Dhown " 

is the Munster pronunciation 

of donn, brown. 

Colleen rue (cailin ruadh) a red-haired girl. 

Collioch (cailleach) an old hag, a witch. 

Collogue collogue, whispering ; probably 

from colloquy. 

Colloguin talking together, colloquy. 

Coluim cuil (St. Columbcille) St. Columba of the cells. The 

dove of the cell. 

Comedher (comether) Come hither. 

Conn cead catha Conn of the hundred battles, 

King of Ireland in the second 

Coolin (cuilin) flowing tresses, or back hair. 

From cid, back. 

Coom (cum) hollow, valley. 

Cotamore. See Coatamore. 

Coulaan (cuileann) a head of hair. 

Creepie a three-legged stool, a form or 

Creeveen Eeveen (Chraoibhin aoibhinn).. Delightful Little Branch. 

Crommeal (croimbheal) a mustache. 

Cronan the bass in music, a deep note, 

a humming. 

Croosheenin whispering. 

Croppies the democratic party — alluding 

to their short hair, or round 


Crossans (crosan) gleeman, gleemen. 

Croubs (crub) a paw, clumsy fingers. 

Cruach a conical-topped mountain, 


Cruachan na Feinne Croghan of the Fena of Erin. 

CruadabhILL Dabhilla's rock, a lookout on 

the coast of Dublin. 

4034 Irish Literature. 

Cruiskeen (cruiscin) a flask, a little jar, a oruet. 

Cruistin throwing. 

Crdit a harp. 

Cubreton (cu-Breatan) a man's name, the hero of 


Cur coddoigh comfortable. 

Curp an DUOUL (corp o'n diabhal) Body to the devil ! 

Cushla Machree (a chuisle mo chroidhe). .Pulse of my heart. 
Cussamuck (cusamuc) leavings, rubbish, remains. 

Daltheen (dailtin) a foster child ; also a puppy. 

Dar-a-chreesth (Dar Criost) By Christ ! 

Dauny (dona) puny, weak. 

Dawnshee (from damhainsi) acuteness. 

Deeshy small, delicate. 

Deoch an dorais the parting drink, the stirrup- 

Deoch Shlainte an Riogh Health to the King ! 

Dhudeen (duidin) a short pipe, what the French 

call brule-gveule. 

Dhuragh (duthracht) a generous spirit, something 


Dilsk, dulse (duileasc) sea-grass, dulse. 

Dina magh (Daoine maithe).. . the good people, the fairies. 

Doony. See Dauny. 

Draherin o machree (Dreabhraithrin o! 
mo chroidhe) O little brother of my heart. 

Drimin don dilis (Dhruimeann donn dhi- 
leas) Dear brown cow. 

Drimmin (dhruimeann) a white-backed cow. 

Drimmin dhu dheelish (literally, the dear 
cow with the wbite back, but used figur- 
atively in Ireland) name of a famous Irish air. 

Drimmin dubh dheelish (Dhruimeann 
dubh dhileas) white-back cow. 

Drinawn dhunn (droighnean donn) brown blackthorn. 

Droleen (dreoilin) the wren. 

Drooth thirst (cf. " drought "). 

Eibhlin a ruin Dear Ellen. 

Eibhul (uibeal) clew. 

Erenach (airchinneach) a steward of church lands, a 


Eric (eiric) a compensation or fine, a ran- 

Erin Slangthagal go bragh (Eire Sldinte 
geal go brath) Erin, a bright health forever. 

Fadh (fada) tall, long. 

Fag- a-Beal ach (Fag an Bealach) Clear the way! Sometimes 

Faugh a Ballagh ! 

Faughed despised. 

Faysh (feis) a festival. 

Feadaim ma's ail liom I Can if I Please (name of Irish 


Feascor (feascar) evening. 

Feurgortach (fear gortach) hungry -grass ; a species of 

mountain grass, supposed to 

cause fainting if trod upon. 
Flaugholoch (tlaitheamhlach) princely, liberal. 

Glossary. 4035 

Foosther fumbling. 

Footy small, mean, insignificant. 

Fosgail an DORUS Open the Door (name of Irish 


Frechans (fraochan) a mountain berry ; huckle- 

Fuilleluah (fuil a Hugh) an exclamation. 

Fuirseoir a juggler, buffoon. 

Gad withe, etc. , for attaching cows. 

Gancaners. See Gean-canach. 

Garnavilla (Gardha an bhile) The Garden of the Tree ; a place 

near Caher. 

Garran more (gearran mor) Garran, a hack horse, a geld- 
ing ; more, " big." 

Garron (gearan) hack or gelding, a horse. 

Geall a pledge, a hostage. 

Gean-canach a love talker ; a kind of fairy 

appearing in lonesome val- 

Geasa an obligation, vow, bond. 

Geersha (girseach) a little girl. 

Geocach. a gluttonous stroller. 

Gilly (giolla) servant ; hence the names Gil- 
christ, Gilpatrick, Kilpatrick, 
Gilbride, Kilbride, etc. (Gi- 
olla-Chriosda, servant of 
Christ ; giolla-Phaidrig, ser- 
vant of Patrick, etc.). 

Girsha. See Geersha. 


tu mo mhuirnin si an) May you go safe, my darling ; 

i.e. Farewell. 

Go leor plenty, a sufficiency, enough. 

Gollam (Golamh) a name of Milesius, the Spanish 

progenitor of the Irish Mile- 

Gomeral a fool, an oaf. 

Gommoch (gamach) a stupid fellow. 

Gomsh otherwise " gumption " — sense, 

Gorsoon, Gossoon (garsun) a boy; an attendant (c/. French 


Gosther (gastuir) prate, foolish talk. 

Goulogue (gabhalog) a forked stick. 

Gracie og mo chroidhe Young Gracie of my heart. 

Grah (gradh) love. 

Gramachree (gradh mo chroidhe) Love of my heart. 

Gramachree ma colleen oge, Molly 
asthore (gradh mo chroidhe mo cailin og, 
Molly a stoir) Love of my heart is my young 

girl, Molly, my treasure. 
Grammachree ma cruiskeen (gradh mo 

chroidhe, etc.) Love of my heart my little jug. 

Grawls children. 

Green an (grianan) a summer house, a veranda, 

a sunny parlor. 
Gushas. See Geersha. 

4036 Irish Literature. 

Hullagone ( Uaill a chan) an Irish wail, grief, woe. 

Iar Conn aught Western Connaught. 

Inagh (An-eadh) Is it ? Indeed. 

Inch (inse) an island. 

Irishian (English word) one skilled in 

the Irish language. 

Jackeen a fop, a cad, a trickster. 

Kathaleen Bawn (Caitlin ban) Fair-haired Kathleen. 

Kead mille faulte (cead mile failte) A hundred thousand welcomes! 

Keen. See Caoine the death-cry or lament over 

the dead. 
Kierawaun ABOO Kirwan forever ! Hurrah for 

Kirwan ! 

Kimmeens sly tricks. 

Kinkora (Cionn Coradh) " The Head of the Weir," the 

royal residence of Brian Boru. 

Kipeen (cipin) a hit of a stick. 

Kish (ceis) a large wicker basket. 

Kishogue (cuiseog) a wisp of straw, a stem of corn, 

a blade of grass. 
Kitchen anything eaten with food, a 


Kithogue (ciotog) the left hand. 

Knockawn (cnocan) a hillock. 

Knock Cuhthe (cnoc coise) the mountain-like foot. 

Lan full. 

Lanna i-e. alanna, child (which see). 

Launah Wallah (Lan an Wiala) the full of the bag. 

Leanan Sidhe Fairy sweetheart. 

Leibhionna a platform or deck. 

Lenaun (leanan) a sweetheart, or a fairy lover. 

Leprechaun a mischievous elf or fairy. 1 

Lonneys ... expression of surprise. 

Lullalo (Liuigh liuigh leo) Scream, scream with them 1 

(Burthen-words in lullaby.) 
Lusmores (lus mor) a foxglove, fairy-finger plant. 

Ma bouchal (Mo bhnachaill) My boy. 

Machree (mo chroidhe) My heart. 

Ma colleen dhas crutheen na mbho " The Pretty Girl Milking her 

Cow," a famous Irish air. 

Magha bragh (amach go bragh) out for ever. 

Maiiurp on duoul (Mo chorp on deabhal). .My body to the devil 1 

Malavogue to trounce, to maul. 

Mavourneen (Mo mhuimin) My darling. 

Merin (meirin) a boundary, a mark. 

Mille murdher (mile murder) A thousand murders ! 

Millia MURTHER A thousand murders (a com- 
mon ejaculation). 

Mo BHRON My sorrow. 

Mo bhuaichailin buidhe My yellow-haired little boy. 

Mo bouchal ( Mo bhnachaill) My boy. 

Mo craoibhan cno (Mo chraoibhin cno) . . .My little branch of nuts. 

1 The popular idea in Ireland is that if you catch one working at his usual occupation 
(behind a hedge) of shoemaking, and do not take your eyes off him, which he endeavors 
to induce his captor by various ruses to do, he will discover where treasure is hidden. 

Glossary. 4037 

Mo croidhe (Mo chroidhe) My heart. 

Moidhered , same as " bothered." 

Mo leun (Mo lean) My sorrow. 

Mo mhuirnin s My darling. 

Monad aun (monadan) a bog berry. 

Mononia (Munster) Latinized form of Irish Mum- 

han, pronounced " Moo-an." 
Moreen (morrin) the diminutive of Mor, a 

woman's name, now obsolete. 


Moryah (mar 'dh eadh) but for. 

Moy mell (Magh meall) The Plain of Knolls — a druidic 


Mulvathered worried. 

Musha (Ma is eadh) well (in such phrases as "Well, 

how are you?" "Well, how 

are all?") Also, If it is! Well 

indeed ! 

Nach mbaineann sin do (him) whom that does not con- 
cern (Irish air). 

Neil Dhuv (Niall Dubh) black-haired Neil. 

Nharrough (narrach) cross, ill-tempered. 

Nigi (naoi) nine. 

Ni mheallfar me aris I shall not be deceived again. 

Nora creina (Nora chriona) Wise Norah (an Irish air). 

Och hone exclamation expressing grief. 

Ochone Machree (Ochon mo chroidhe) Alas, my heart ! 

Oge (og) young. 

Oh, magra hu, Ma grienchree hu (O mo 
ghradh thu! 31o ghraidhin croidhe thu !.0 my love thou art ! My heart's 

loving pity thou art ! 

Ollaves (ollamli) a doctor of learning, professor. 

Omadhaun (amadan) a fool, a simpleton. 

Oro an exclamation. 

Own a bwee (Amain bhuidhe) Yellow river. 

Owny na coppal (Eoghan na capall) Owen of the horses. 

Padhereens (paidrin, from paidir, the 
pater) the Rosary beads. 

Pastheen finn (paistin fionn) little fair-haired child. 

Pattern (English word) a gathering at 

a saint's shrine, well, etc. ; 
festival of a patron saint. 

Paudareens. See Padhereens. 

Paugh nutter, panting. 

Pearl a an bhrollaigh bhain Pearl of White Breast (Irish air). 

Phaidrig na Pib (Padraig na bpiop) Patrick of the pipes; Paddy 

the piper. 

Phillalew (fuil el-luadh) a ruction, hullabaloo. 

Pincin. See Pinkeen. 

Pineeen (pincin) a very small fish, a stickleback. 

Planxty (plaingstigh) Irish 'dance measure. 

Poat-E (pog) a kiss. 

Polshee diminutive of Polly. 

Polthoge (palltog) a thump or blow. 

Poreens (p>oirin, a small stone) , small, applied to small pota- 

4038 Irish Literature. 

Poteen (poitin) (literally, a little pot) a still ; 

hence illicit whisky. 

Rann a verse, a saying, a rhyme. 

Rath a circular earthen niound or 

fort, very common in Ire- 
land, and popularly believed 
to be inhabited by fairies. 

Ree Shamus (Righ Seamtis) King James. 

Rhua (ruadh) red or red-haired. 

Roisin Dubh Black Little Rose. 

Rose Galb (Boise Geal) Fair Rose. 

Rory OGE (Ruaidhri og) young Rory. 

Salachs (salach) dirty, untidy people. 

Sallies (saileog) a willow, willows. 

Savourneen dheelish CS amhuirnin dhilis) And my faithful darling. 

Scalpeen (from sccdp) a fissure, a cleft. 

Scut (scud) a thing of little worth. 

Sean von vocht (scan bhean bhocht) poor old woman. 

Shamous (Seamus) James. 

Shan Dhu dark John. 

Shan More big John. 

Shane Ruadh red-haired John. 

Shan Van Vogh (an Tsean Bhean Bhocht) Poor Old Woman. 

Sharoose (Searbhas) bitterness. 

Shebeen (sibin) a place for sale of liquor, gen- 
erally illicit. 

Sheein young pollack, or of any fish. 

Sheelah (Sighle) Celia. 

Shee Molly mo store (-Si Molly mo stor).. It 's Molly is my treasure. 

Sheila ni Gara (Sighle ni Ghadhra) Celia O'Gara (an allegorical 

name of Ireland). 

Shemus Rua (Seamus Ruadh) red (haired) James. 

Shillaly, Shillelah an oak stick, a cudgel. From 

the wood of Shillelagh in 
County Wicklow. 

Shilloo a shout. 

Shoheen ho, Shoheen sho (Seoithin seoidh) Burthen words of lullaby. 


SHOOLING strolling, wandering. From the 

word siubhal, tramping. 

Shough (seach) a turn, a blast or draw of a 


Shugudhein CSeadh go deimhin) Yes, indeed ! 

Shule agra (Siubhail a ghradh) Walk, love ; i.e. Come, my love. 

Shulers (shtbhaloir, a walker) tramps. 

Sios agus Sios liom Up with me and down with me. 

Slainte geal, mavourneen Bright health, my darling. 

Slainte go bragh (Slainte go bhrath) Health forever 1 

Slan leat ! Adieu ! Farewell ! 

Sleeveen a sly, cunning fellow. From 

sliobh, sly. 

Slewsthering flattering. 

Sliabh na m-ban The Mountain of the Women. 

Smaddher to break. From smiot, a frag- 

Smiddhereens small fragments. Probably 

• from smiot, as above. 

Glossary. 4039 

Smulluck (smallog) a fillip. 

Soggarth aroon (Shagairt a ruin) Dear Priest ! 

Sonsy happy, pleasant. Probably 

from sonas, happiness. 

Soother to wheedle. From the English. 

Sowkins soul. 

Spaeman fortune-teller. 

Spalpeen (spailpin) a common laborer ; also a con- 
ceited fellow with nothing 
in him. 

Sparth (spairt) wet turf. 

Spidhogue (spideog) a puny thing or person. 

Sprahauns (spreasan) an insignificant fellow. 

Sthreel (straoileadh) a slut, a sloven. 

Stookawn (stuacan) a lazy, idle fellow. 

Stravaiging rambling. 

Stronshuck (stroinse) a big lazy woman. 

Suantraighe a sleeping or cradle song. 

Sugg awn (tsugari) a rope of hay or straw. 

Tarbh bull. 

Th' anam an Dhia (D'anavi do Dhia) My soul to God ! 

The Cruiskeen Lawn (Cruisgin Ian) Full little flask or jar. 

Thraneen, traneen (traithnin) a little ; a trifle ; astern of grass. 

Thuckeens (tuicin) an ill-mannered little girl. 

Tilloch (tulaeh) small plot of land, a hillock. 

Tir fa Tonn ( Tir fa Tonn) Land under the wave—Hol- 

Tir-na-mboo (Tir na m-beo) Land of the live (beings). 

Tirnanoge ( Tir nan og) Land of the young. 

Trumauns (troman) a reel on a spindle. 

Tug the middleband of a flail. 

Uchluaim the breast or front hem of a 

Ulican. See Hullagone. 
Ullagone (ullagon). See Hullagone. 
Usha. See Musha (mhuise). 

Vo Alas ! Oine, ay de mi I 

Weenock ('mhaoineach) O treasure. 

Weeshee (iveeshy) little. From wee. 

Weira, Wirra. See Wurra. 

What Hollg is on you ? What are you about ? 

Wirrasthrue (O Mhuire is truagh) O Mary, it is sad ! (an ejacula- 
tion to the Virgin). 
Virrastrue C Mhuire is truagh) Mary ! 't is a pity ! 

Wisha. See Musha. 

Wommasin strolling. 

Wurra (A Mhuire) O Mary ! (i.e. the Blessed Vir- 

Yeos (English word) yeomen. 


This consists of an Index of Authors, books quoted from, titles of stories, essays, 
poems, subjects dealt with, of whicb the library consists, and first lines of the poetry. 
And these are each indicated by different kinds of type as set forth below. 

As ' Irish Literature ' touches upon Irish life at every point, the index has 
been made as full as practicable without overweighting it, and the entries are cross- 
referenced as fully as may be needed by those interested in any phase of it. 

As the arrangement of the library is according to the authors' names, and as the 
biographies contain a full bibliography of each author, we have not indexed the whole 
of their works, but only those represented in 'Irish Literature.' 


Author's name — Allingham, "William. 

Title of story, essay, poem, etc. — Adieu. 

Source of story, essay, poem, etc. — ' Father Connell.' 

First line of poetry — Am I the slave they say ? 

First line and title of poem the same — ' Four Ducks on a Farm,' 

Subject — Agriculture. 



A. E G. W. Russell. 

A babe was sleeping. . .Lover .... G 2086 

A cabin on the moun- 
tain-side Russell . . 8 3001 

'A constant tree is the 
yew to me' (Irish 
Rann) 10 3837 

A Cuslila Gal Mo Chre.6 

(half-tone engraving). Doheny ... 3 864 

A land of youth, a land 
of rest Joyce .... 5 1734 

A laughter in the dia- 
mond air Russell . . 8 2996 

A little lonely moorland 

lake Kavanagh . 5 1753 

A little sun, a little 

rain Brooke ... 1 299 

A man there was near 

Ballymooney Le Fanu... 5 1935 

A man without learn- 
ing, and wearing fine 
clothes 4 1467 

A " million a decade ! "Wilde .... 9 3570 

A moment gone O'Donnell. 7 2688 

A pity beyond all Yeats .... 9 3704 

A poor old cottage O'Leary . . .7 2797 

A soldier of the Legion. Norton ... 7 2586 

A sore disease this 

scribbling itch is 4 1263 

A spirit speeding down. Shorter . . 8 3128 

A Stor, Gra Geal Mo- 
chree . - - - Mac manus . G 



A voice of the winds. .Johnson .. 5 1698 

A whisper of spring's in 

v the air Wynne 9 3649 

A Wood, Anthony, the 

historian 7 2570 

Thomas, at Drog- 

heda 7 2570 

Abbacy of Iona, The 4 1618 

Abbey Asaroe Allingham. 1 13 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph 6 2166 

Abhrain an Bhuideil. . .Le Fanu. ..5 1946 

Aboard the Sea Swal- 
low Dowden ... 3 876 

Absentee, The, M. F. 

Egan on 5 x 

Absenteeism 9 3364 

Harshness of the 

land-agent 1 87, 98 

in the XVIII. Cen- 
tury 5 1917 

Rack-renters on the 

Stump 9 3333 

Scene in the Irish 

Famine 4 1575 

Absolute, Sir Anthony 
(character in ' The 
Rivals') 8 3079 

Academy, The English.. Banim .... 1 60 

Acres. Bob (character 

in 'The Rivals') 8 3088 

Acropolis of Athens: and 

the Rock of Cashel. ..Mahaffy .. G 2334 

Across the Sea. Allingham. 1 14 


Irish Literature. 


'Actceon.' From WlLEJNS . . 9 3604 

Act of Union (see also 

Union, The) 6 2169 

Actor and Gleeman 9 3686 

Actress (see Bellamy) 5 1919 

Addison on ladies' head- 
dress 9 3497 

Address of a Drunkard 
to a Bottle of Whis- 
ky Le Fanu. . . 5 1946 

Address to the British 
Association Kelvin ... 5 1784 

Adieu Armstrong. 1 25 

Adjectives, copious use 

of, by Irish 2 xiii 

Adown the leafy lane. . Mac Aleese 6 2111 

Adam. Maitre, Father 

Prout on 6 2339 

Adamnan and F i n - 

nachta 7 2707 

— See Death of St. 

Columcille 4 618 

Adventure. See 
Travel, etc. 

in Slievenamon. . .Banim .... 1 46 

Advice to the Ladies. . .Goldsmith. 4 1322 

Advocate's Library, Ed- 
inburgh. Irish manu- 
scripts in 7 2673 

Aedh Guaire and Ruad- 

han 7 2762 

mac Ainmireach 4 1622, 1625 

Menu, Prince of 

Leinster 7 2711 

Aedhan, the leper of 
Cliuain-Dobhain 7 2710 

Mgeria, A Modern ....Campbell . 2 448 

Aengus, Calendar of 8 3141 

Festology of 7 2673 

Affair of Honor, An . . . Castle 2 576 

Affliction, Blessings o/..Kirwan ... 5 1844 

Africa, Dress in 2 418 

African Queen Betler ... 2 418 

After Aughrim Geogiiegan. 4 1254 

the Battle Moore 7 2536 

the Fianna. From 

the Irish of 

Oisin Sigerson .. 8 3139 

Age of a Dream Johnson . . 5 1699 

ancient Irish rec- 
ords 2 viii, x 

Aghahoe, Ruins of 8 3020 

Aghadoe Todhunter. 9 3410 

Agrarian Movement, 

Poets of the 3 xii 

Oppression 1 348 

■\grlcultural Organiza- 
tion Society (I. A. O. 
S.), "A. E." and the 8 2989 

Agriculture and Tech- 
nical Instruction, De- 
partment of 8 2908 

Agriculture in Ire- 
land 4 1467, 1574; 9 3362 

Castle Rackrent 3 995 

Rival Swains, The 1 361 

Success dependent 

on fixity of ten- 
ure 2 425 

We'll See About It 4 1534 

Ah, huntsman dear ...Griffin ... 4 1401 

Ah Man Mac Fall. . 6 2206 

Ah, see the fair chivalry 

come . .Johnson . . 5 1701 

Ah, sweet Kitty NeaL.WALLEB ... 9 3500 

"Ah then ; who is that 

there talkin' ?" Keeling ... 5 

Aherlow, Battle of O 

Glen 7 

The Glen of. See 

Patrick Sheehan. 
Aid Finlaith, King of 

Ireland 7 

Aidne 4 

Alleach (mountain). See 

Aileel Mor, King of Con- 
naught 7 

A Hern Banim .... 1 

Ailill'a Death, King ...Stokes ... 8 

Allien 4 

Aim of the Society of 

United Irishmen 6 

Air, The -Host of the. .Yeats 9 

Aix-la-Chapelle, Treaty 

of 3 

'Akim-Foo ' Butler ... 2 

'Alas for the man who 

is weak in friends ' 

(Irish Rann) 10 

'Alas for who plough 

ic i t h o u t seeds" 

( Irish Rann) 10 

Alas ! how dismal is my 

tale O'Keeffe . . 7 

A las, poor Yorick 8 

Albion Sheehan .. 8 

Alburtra, Irish soldiers 

at 8 

'Alciphron, or the Mi- 
nute Philosopher' ..Berkeley . 1 

Alder Gulch, Nevada, 

Earl of Dunraven at 3 

Mdfrid's Itinerary . . . . Mangan ... O 
Alexander, Cecil 

Frances 1 



Alexander the Great 7 

Aline who bound the 

Chief of Spears 7 

Alison, Sir A., on E. 

Burke 1 

All day in exquisite air.TYNAN- 

Hinkson. 9 
All hail ! Holy Mary. . .Keegan ... 5 
All human thinps are 

subject to decay . . . . Dryden ... 3 
All in the April evening.TvNAx- 

IIixkson. 9 
All natural things in 

balance lie O'Donxell. 7 

AH Souls Eve Shorter .. 8 

Night, beliefs about 8 

All the heavy days are 

over Yeats 9 

"All the Talents, The 

Ministry of" Barrett ... 1 

All ye who love the 

spring time Blake .... 1 

Allegory, An Hyde lO 

Allhk, F. M See E. Downey. 

Allen and the insurrec- 
tion of Tyrone 

and Desmond 7 

The Hill of 7 2709, 

of the mighty 

deeds, Oisin at » 

William O'Meara, 

The Manchester ^ 

Martyr 7 260S; 9 


145 G 





























General Index. 



Allingham, William 1 

— W. B. Yeats on 3 

Alliteration in Irish lit- 
erature 2 

in Irish verse 4 

Ahnhain, Battle of O'Donovan. 7 

Almhuin of Leinster 4 

Alpine solitudes 4 

'Alps, Hours of Exer- 
cise in the ' Tyndall . . 9 

'Am I remembered? ' . . . M'Gee .... 6 

Am I the slave they 
say ? Banim .... 1 

Amazing Ending of a 

Charade Crommelin. 2 

Ambition. Swift on 9 




and Ireland 9 

of the Irish PatriotPHiLLiPS 
'Amboyna, The Relation 


America, A Farewell to. "Wilde . . 

Abp. Ireland on. 

Education in , 

Goldsmith on 

• O n Conciliation 

with Burke . . 

On the Prospect of 

Planting Arts 

and Learning in. Berkeley 

The Irish in Magcire 

O'Brien . 

Dr. Sigerson 














1 376 


■ . See Red- 

m o n d on 

Home Rule 8 

■ the land of liberty 5 

The Song of the 

Irish Emigrant inFiTZSi'sio'S. . 3 

American and Irish rev- 
olutionists com- 
pared 6 

characteristics 1 

civil war. Arch- 
bishop Ireland In 
the 5 

' Commonwealth, 

The' Bryce. 1 331, 

faith in Democracy 1 


Revolution , 

— Effect of, on Ire- 


— Grattan on the. 


Taxation, Speech onBrjRKE .... 

Americans a religious 

people . . . 

a good-natured peo- 

Among the Heather . . .Allingham. 

the reeds, round 

waters blue . . . .Milligan. .. 

Amor Intellectualis ...Wilde .... 





Amoret Congreve 

Amusements at a coun- 
try dance 2 

of the Ancient Irish 1 35 ; 5 

— of the People . . . .O'Brien ... 7 

A nation once again 1 

A Nation once again . .Davis 3 

'An Cneamhaire •' O'Farrelly.IO 

An Craoibhin Aoibhin..See D. Hyde. 
•An Gioblacha.n ' Hayes .... 10 
















1 336 













An old castle towers 

o'er the billow Joyce 5 1743 

An' the thought of us 

each Barlow ... 1 14 

'Anacreon Moore ' . . See T. Moore. 

Anamoe 1 

Anarchists, Meeting of. Barry 1 

Anchor, Forging of McFerguson. 

Ancient Celtic Litera- 
ture, Translators 


- Erinn, Manners 

and Customs of '.O'Curry 



2 xviii 


funeral customs 2 

Greece, Childhood 

in Mahaffy . . t 

■ houses in Ireland 4 

- Ireland, Food, 
Dress and Daily 

Life in Joyce 5 

Irish, The 9 3391 

Irish, Amusements 

of the 1 

• Irish, Buildings of 4 





9 3493 

Irish, Dress of the. Walker 

Irish Ecclesiastical 

Remains Petrie .... 8 2880 

Irish, Language ofWARE 9 3544 

Irish legends, ethi- 
cal contents of 8 2973 

Irish literature, 

value of 4 xi 

Irish, manners and 

customs of the 2 629 

Irish manuscripts 1 32 

2 xx, 629, 632, 635; 4 1459, 1598, 
1600, 1601, 1608, 1612, 1613, 1618, 
1022, 1625, 1631; 5 1724, 1731, 1737; 
6 2232, 2353, 2377 ; 7 2615, 2663, 
2664, 2668, 2669, 2671, 2672, °673, 
2705, 2709, 2766; 8 2879, 2884, 2975, 
3139, 3144, 3246 ; 9 3494 

Irish Surnames ..Ware 9 3546 

' Legends of Ire- 
land ' Wilde .... 5 3557 

3558, 3561. 3566 

' Music of Ireland '.Bunting . . 6 2230 

Ancients, Colloquy of 

the 8 2968 

And as not only by the 

Calton Mountain . . .MacCarthy. 6 2131 
'And doth not a meeting 

like this ' Moore 8 2524 

'And must ice partf '. .Callanan . 2 445 

Andromeda Roche .... 8 2965 

Anecdote of O'Curry 

and Tom Moore 7 2663 


of Burke 1 396 

of Curran 2 798 

of Father O'Leary 7 2793 

of Keogh, the Irish 

Massillon Fitzpatrick 3 1199 

of Macklin 6 2241 

of O'Connell 7 2651 

of O'Keeffe 7 2771 

of Sheridan 8 3119 

of Sterne 8 3227 

Note. — See ' The Sunniness of Irish Life.' 
The biographies of the authors whose works 
are given furnish a rich source of this ma- 
terial — as do also the reminiscences and 
memoirs given in ' Irish Literature.' 

Angel's Whisper, The. .Lover 6 2086 

Anslo-Irish Literature, 

Humor in 6 xii, xiii 


Irish Literature. 

Anglo-Irish Problem, the.DAVlTT 

Anglo-Norman Nobles 

Anglo-Saxon and Irish 


literature never en- 
tirely absorbed 
Irish national 

. . 3 

,. 7 



a xiv 

Angus 8 

Angus, the Culdee, on 

learning in Ireland 2 

Animals in Irish Sagas 2 

■ Superstitions about 9 

Anluan mac Magach 4 

'Annals of Ireland '. . . .O'Donovan. . 7 

The Irish, prove 

their own an 

tiquity 2 

of the Pour Mas- 
ters. (See also 

M O'Clery ) 2 

632,' 635; 6 2232,' 2353,' 2577"; 7 
2674, 2705; 10 
Anne, Queen, dress in 

the time of 9 

period in English 

literature 1 

Anonymous Verse. 
See Street Songs, Bal- 
lads, etc. 
A n o n y m o u s Verse, 
Street Songs, Ballads 

and Hand 8 

'Antigone, The New '. . .Barry 1 

'Antiquities, Handbook 

of Irish ' Wakeman 

and Cooke. 9 
Church Ruins. Holy 

Island (half-tone 

engraving) 6 

Antiquity of Gaelic 

Literature, Prof. 

Morley on 4 

of Ireland l 

of Irish Annals 

proved 2 

of Irish language 2 

of Irish literature 3 

of Irish wit and 

humor 6 

Antium, Nero at 2 

Antrim 9 

Lord : origin of 

bloody hand in 

his coat-of-arms 7 

Mountains of 6 

Remains of coal- 
mining on the 

coast of 6 

Round Towers at 6 2277, 

Anuaill 2 

Aoife 4 

On/;/ Son of Gregory . . 4 

Aongus Ceile De 4 

Apologia Wilde .... 9 

Apostle of Temperance 

in Dublin Mathew ... 6 

Apparitions (see also 

Ghosts) 2 

Appius 5 

Arabian Nights, The, 

Burton on 2 

Arab's Farewell to His 

Steed, The Norton ... 7 























Arbor Hill, Lines on the 

Burying Ground of. ..Emmet .... 3 

Archer (character in 
'The Beaux' 
Stratagem ' ) 3 

Sanders, and Allen 

planning the in- 
surrection of Ty- 
rone and Des- 
mond 7 

Architecture, arch- 
aeology, etc. 

Splendors of Tara, 

The Hydh ..... 4 

Ancient Irish Ec- 
clesiastical Re- 
mains Petrib .... 8 

Northmen in Ire- 
land, The Stokes .... 8 

Forts, Crosses, and 

Round Towers. .Wakeman 

and Cooke. 9 

in Ireland 8 3238 ; 9 

' Early Christian'. Stokes .... 8 

Arcomin, The plain of 5 

'Arctic Hero, Death of 
an ' Alexander. 1 

Arderry, The Barony of 4 

Ardes, The G 

Ard-Pileas 4 

Ardigna Bay 6 

Ardmore, Round Towers 


Ardnalee (scene of 

poem) 5 

Ardrahan, Normans at 3 

Ardrossan 2 

Ardtenent Castle 7 

Argonautic expedition, 

Irish version of 7 

Arklow, Beautiful sce- 
nery near 7 

Armagh, Aldfrid in 6 

Canon of, Cathald 

Maguire, cited 7 

watered by Lough 

Neagh G 

'Armonica,' Benjamin 

Franklin's invention 7 2692, 

Armstrong, Edmund 

John 1 

G. F. S. See Sav- 

Army and Navy Mutiny 

Bills 6 

Irish soldiers in 

the English 8 

See Inniscarra ...Buckley .. 1 

See Saxon Shilling, 

The Buggy 1 

Arnold, M., on Celtic 

melancholy 3 viii ; 9 

on Celtic style 2 

Arraglen, Kate of Lane 5 

Arrahl Bridgld Mac 

Sheehy Hogan .... 4 

Arran, Earl of, a 

Monk of the Screw 2 


and Architecture in 

Ireland 9 

and learning Dis- 
semination o f 
Irish 4 

Egyptian Art. .. .Wiseman .. 9 









9 3492 



















General Index. 




■ Ireland and the 

Arts Yeats .. 

Leonardo's ' Mon- 
na Lisa ' .Dowdbn 

■Life, Art, and Na- 
ture Wilde 


. 9 

of acting, The 7 

of Pleasing Steele .... 8 

' of Thomas Hardy, 

The' Johnson . . 5 

Art's Lough Greene ... 4 

Arts and Learning in 

America Berkeley .. 1 

Ireland and the. .Yeats 9 

Aryan race, Celtic a 

branch of the 3 

As beautiful Kitty Shanly ... 8 

As chimes that flow. . .Sigeeson .. 8 
As down by Banna's 

banks Ogle 7 

As flow the rivers .... Russell . . 8 

As from the sultry townlRwiN 5 

As I roved out at Faha. Street Bal- 
lad 8 

one summer's 

morning . . . Street Bal- 
lad 8 


. 9 

. 7 
. 1 

As once our Saviour and 

Saint Peter Hyde .... 

As Rochefoucault his 

maxims drew Swift . . . 

As the breath of the 
musk-rose Parnell . 

Asaroe, Abbey Allingham 

Ashanee 6 

Ashburnham, Lord, 
owner of Stowe Col- 
lection of Irish manu- 
scripts 7 

Ass, The, and the 
Orangeman's daughter 8 

Assaroe 6 

Assaye, Irish soldiers at 8 

Assonant rhyme, Mr. 

Guest on 4 

Aston, Sir Arthur, 

Killed at Drogheda 7 

Astronomical proof of 
antiquity of Irish an- 
nals * 


Distance of the 

Stars, The Ball 1 

V en u s, Hesperus 

and Phosphor ..Clarke ... 2 

What the Stars are 

Made of Ball 1 

At early dawn I once 

had been Walsh . 

At Fredericksburg, Dec. 

13, 1862 O'Reilly 

At Sea Roche . 

At Tarah to-day in this 

awful hour Mangan 

At the dance in the vil- 
lage Walsh 

'At the mid-hour of 

night ' Moore .... 7 

Athboy in Meath 5 

Athenry, The plains at 3 

Athens and the Rock of 

Cashel Mahaffy .. 6 

Athlone, Battle of 9 

Athnowen, Scenery 
around 1 

































Ath-Seanaigh (Bally- 
shannon) 2 

Athy, Father Lalor of, 

and Father Keogh 4 

Athy, Prior at, Richard 
Oveton, Killed at 
Drogheda 7 

Atkinson, Sarah l 

Atlantis, The Island o/.Croly 2 

Auctioning Off One's 

Relatives Sheridan . 8 3105 

Aughrim, After Geoghegan. 4 

Battle of 3 829; 7 2820; 9 

Limerick, and the 

Boyne, Old sold- 
iers of 3 957 

August Weather Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 3458 

Auld Ireland O'Keeffe .. 7 2771 

Australia, In Exile in. .Orr 7 2837 

Autobiography of Wolfe 

Tone 9 3414 

of Wolfe Tone, New 

edition, ed. by O'Brien ... 7 2604 

of Wolfe Tone, TheToNE 9 3421 

Autochthonous litera- 







ture of Ireland repre- 
sented in ' Irish Lit- 
erature ' 

Ave Imperatrix ..... ..Wilde 

Avoca, the Vale of 

(half-tone engraving) Moore 

'Avoid all Stewardships 
of Church or Kill ' 
(Irish Rann) 10 

Avon, The (river) 7 

Avon-bwee 4 

Avondale, Parnell at 7 

Avonmore, Lord, a 
Monk of the 
Screw 3 

and Father 

O'Leary 7 2794 

Azarias, Brother . . .SeeP. F. Mullanby. 

2 vii 
9 3588 

7 2532 




Bacchanalian Songs, 

See also Conviviality. 6 x, xl 

Backbite, Sir Benjamin 
(character in ' School 
for Scandal ' ) 8 3099 

Back Stairs to Dublin 

Castle 3 889 

Bacon, Macaulay and. .Mitchel .. 6 2444 

Macaulay on 6 2445, 2447 

Baconian philosophy 
and the Christian re- 
ligion compared 6 2450 

Bacon's discovery of the 

inductive method 6 2448 

Badajos, Irish soldiers 

at 8 3063 

Baethgalach, a hero of 

Munster 7 2711 

Bagenai, Harry, killed 
at battle of Beal- 
an-atha-buidh 3 928, 957 

King Daunt .... 3 81? 

on Duelling 3 81T 

Baile's Strand, Con- 

laoch lands at 4 1427 

Baithin and St. Colum- 

cille 4 1620 

Bala, The Waves' Le- 
gend on the Strand of Todhunret. 9 3404 


Irish Literature. 


Balaklava, and the 

Charge of the Light 

Brigade RUSSELL . . 8 3008 

Baldo'yle, Father Keogh 

at 4 1200, 1205 

Balfour on Dean Swift 3 vii 

Balinconlig, Folk tale of 3 1147 

Ball, Sir Robert Sta- 

well 1 36 

Ballach-boy, The day of 6 2356 

Ballad, A Moore 7 2539 

• Mongers 9 3683 

of Father Oilligan.YEATa 9 3702 

Ballads, Anonymous 
Verse, and Street 

Songs Hand 8 3263 

' of Blue Water '.. Roche 8 2961 

Ballaghaderreen, ' The 

Lost Saint ' acted at 4 1650 

Ballina, Fishing at 4 1519 

Ballinacarthy, Folk tale 

of 2 708 

Ballinasloe, Jenny frowSTREET Bal- 

Fair of 4 

Ballincollig, Enlisting 



Ballintubber, Fair of 2 

Ballitore, Scenes of 

' Ninety-eight ' at 5 

Ballycastle, Remains of 

coal-mining at 6 

Ballydivelin, The fight 

of the Mahonys un 

der the tower of . . . 
B a 1 1 y h o y station, 

Cockle-pickers at 1 

Ballylee 9 

Ballymena, St. Patrick 

at 6 

Ballymooney (scene of 

a song) 5 

Ballymote, Book of 2 629; 7 

Ballymulligan, The 

Mulligan of, as q 

landlord •. 4 

Ballynakill, election of 

1790 1 

Bally Shannon, Sars- 

field at 7 

Ballyshannon, Hugh 

Roe at 2 

Ballyshanny, Scenery 

around 1 

Salmon leap at. ... , 7 

Balor of the evil eye 2 

the giant 3 

Baltimore, Scenerv near 7 2602, 

Bay .' 5 

Banba, Meave 

the women of 

Bandon Fair 

Banim, John 

John (portrait) 

inherently Irish 

Michael , 

Banims, The, M. F. 

Egan on 5 

' Banish sorrow ' Ogle 7 

Banished Defender, The 8 

from Rome 2 

Bank of Ireland, The 

(half-tone engraving) 2 

Bankers in Ireland 9 

Banks of Banna, The. . Ogle 7 






7 2853 





















Bann, The, among the 

leading rivers of 

Ulster 6 

Bonfires on 3 

Banna, The Banks of. .Ogle 7 

Banshee, The Allingham. l 

The Todhdnter. 9 

Biddy Brady's . . . Casey .... 2 

described 3 

of the MaeCarthys, 

The Choker ... 2 

Bantry Bay Expedition 9 

Folk tales of 5 1S03 ; 6 

Harbor (half-tone 

engraving) 9 

' Bar, The Irish ' O'Flanagan. 7 

Bard, and the King of 
the Cats, Seanchan 
the Wilde .... 9 

O'Hussey's Ode to 

the Maguire, 77icMangan . . 6 

" of Erin. The". See T. Moore. 

" of Thomond, The " See M.Hogan. 

Bardic System, The 2 

Bards. Costumes of the 3 

Decline of the 2 

described 2 

' of the Gael and 

Gall' Sigerson ..10 

outlawed by Eng- 
land 9 

Barlow. Jane (por- 

vol. page 

M. F. Egan on 5 

Barmecides, Time of 

the Mangan ... 6 

Barney Maglone. See Wilsox. 

Barney O'Hea Lover 6 

Barny O'Reirdon, the 

Navigator Lover 5 

Barr, Saint, meaning of 

name 9 

Barre\ Colonel 7 

Barrett, Eaton Stan- 


D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 6 

Richard and Re- 
peal 9 

Richard, in Prison 3 811; 6 

Roger : Duel with 

Judge Egan 1 

Barriere du Trone 2 

Barrington, Sir Jonah 1 

on J. P. Curran 2 

Barky, Michael Joseph 1 

the actor 5 

William Francis 1 

M. F. Egan on 5 

Barry's painting of the 

Last Judgment 6 

Basaltic rocks on the 

shores of Lough 

Neagh O 

Bastile, The 2 

Bathe, Father John, 

slain at Drogheda 7 

Battle of Almhain O'Donovan. 7 

of Beal-A n-A tha- 

Buidh Drennan . . 3 

of Dunbolg Hyde 4 

of Flanders 7 

of Fontenoy (half 

tone engraving) 3 

of Landen 7 
































General Index. 


Battle of the Boyne 

of the Factions . . Carleton . 

' of Magh Leana '. .O'Ccrry ., 

Battles in the Book of 


Bay of Biscay Cherry . . . 

Beaconsfiehl, Lord ....O'Connor .. 

Cranbourne on 

on early marriages 

on Sheil 7 xxvii 

Beag, son of Buan 

Beal-An-Atha- B uidh , 

Battle of Drennan . . 

Beal-an-a t h a-Bhuidhe, 

The Red Hand at 

Bear, An Irish 

Dirge of 0'SullivanCALL,ASAy . . , 

See Bere. 
Bearhaven, Morty Oge 


. 7 2819 

..2 472 

. 7 2664 



6 2196 
8 3055 
4 1450 

3 928 






Beau Tioos Goldsmith . 

Beauing, belling, danc- 
ing, drinking Street Bal- 

Beauty, Celtic love of 

Superstitions about 

'Beaux' Strategem, 

The ' :.Farqchar. . 

Bee mac Cuanach slain 

at Bolgdun 

Bede Venerable de- 
scribes Lindisfarne 

Bedford, Burke on the 

Duke of 

' Bee, The' 

Beehive shaped houses 

Beekeeping in ancient 


Before I came across 

the sea Street Bal- 

Beginnings of Home 

Ride MacCarthy. 


' Believe me if all those 

endearing young 

charms ' Moore .... 

Bell, Robert 

Bellamy. Mrs., among 

the Irish actresses on 

the English stage 

Bellefonds, Marshal, 

commanding army of 

invasion in 1692 

Bellew, Bishop, of Kil- 


Bells of Shandon, TTicMahony .. 
Beloved, do you pity not Walsh . . . 


Beneath Blessington's 

eyes Byron .... 

Ben-Edar, The scenery 


Bennett, E. A., on 

George Moore 

Beowulf, Alliteration in 

Bere O'Sullivan 

See Bear. 
Beresford, Lady Fran- 
ces, married to Henry 


Berkeley, Bishop 

— — on America 

Bernard, Dr.. dean of 

Derry, Goldsmith on 

2 445 
4 1326 

9 3312 

8 2973 

9 3672 

3 1165 

4 1625 
8 2882 

1 379 

4 1345 
8 2882 

5 1735 

8 3304 

6 2174 
6 2113 

7 2522 
1 165 

5 1919 

7 2823 

6 2232 
6 2343 
9 3508 
4 1530 

6 2289 

3 1185 



9 3658 

3 1211 
1 173 
5 1664 

4 1380 

_ , , VOL. PAGE 

Bernard, dean of Kil- 
more, saved at Drog- 

heda by Cromwell 7 2570 

' Beside the Fire ' 4 1638, 1642 

Bethlehem Warbtjrton. 9 3535 

Beth Peor l 2 

Between us may roll the 

severing ocean Wilde .... 9 3572 

Beyond the River Read 8 2924 

Bickerstaff, Isaac 1 182 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on the wit of 6 xiii 

Bicycle, To my Rolleston. 7 2976 

Biddy Brady's Banshee. Casey 2 565 

Biggar and the Land 

League 9 xi 

Bindin' the Oats Coleman .. 2 610 

Bingen on the Rhine. ..Norton ... 7 2586 

Bingham, Sir Richard 7 2857 

Biography. (Biographies of all authors 
represented precede the examples of their 
work. Biographies of Celtic authors 
quoted in translation or in original are in 
Volume X.) 
Biogrraphy and His- . 

tory 9 vil 

Frederick William 

Robertson Brooke ... 1 291 

Sheridan as OrotorFiTZGERALD 3 1190 

Prince of Dublin 

Printers Gilbert ... 4 1258 

Origin of 0'ConnellB.OEY 4 1588 

Capture of Wolfe 

Tone O'Brien ... 7 2604 

Why Parncll Went 

into Politics ....O'Brien ... 7 2607 

Lord Beaconsfiehl. O'Connor .. 7 2660 

An Irish Musical 

Gen ius 7 2690 

Story of Gratia 

Uaile Otway 7 2856 

Patrick Sarsfield, 

Earl of Lucan. .Onahan ... 7 2814 
A Eulogy of Wash- 
ington Phillips .. 8 2891 

Xapoteon Phillips .. 8 2888 

Biscay, The Bay of Cherry ... 2 586 

Black Book of St. 

Molaga 7 2064 

Castle 7 2853 

Crom, The Sunday 

of 7 2719 

Desert, King of theHYDE lO 3713 

Lamb. The Wilde .... 9 3569 

Thief. The 3 xxi 

Blackbird. The 8 3271 

of Derrycarn, The 2 xvi 

made nest in monk's 

hand 2 xviii 

Blackburne, E. Owens. See Miss Casey. 

Blackfriars, Theater in 6 2348 

Blackie, Professor, on 
the feudal land sys- 
tem 7 2864 

Blackpool l 151 

Blacksmith of Limerick, 

The Joyce 5 1741 

Blackwater, A. D. 1603. 

Crossing the ...Joyce 5 1744 

Battle of the 5 1744; 7 2743 

Great meeting at 

Teltown. on the '. . 5 1738 

in Ulster, The 6 2278 

River (half -tone 

engraving) 3 916 

Talk by the Downing .. 3 916 

^The Northern ,,,,Kavanagh . 5 1732 


Irish Literature. 

5 1844 


Blackwood and Maginn 6 2300 

Blacquiere, Sir John, 

Anecdote of 1 131 

Blaise, An Elegy on 

Madam Goldsmith. 4 1382 

Blake, James, sent to 
Spain to poison 

Hugh Roe 7 2746 

. Mart Elizabeth 1 189 

Squire, an author- 
ity on duelling 1 145 

' Blanid * Joyce 5 1749 

Blarney Castle (colored 

plate) 6 Front 

Blarnev-Stone, Father 

Prout on the 6 2337, 2441 

Blast, A Crotty ... 3 758 

' Blasters,' The 5 1916 

Blennerhassett's Book 

on Ireland » 339o 

Bless my good ship . . .Brooke 
Blessing of Affliction, 

The Kirwan 

Blessington, Countess 

of (portrait) 1 192 

' Memoirs of Madden ... 6 2286 

Blest are the dormant. Mangan ... 6 2380 
Blind Irish piper (half- 
tone engraving) » 17 X7 

Student. The Armstrong. 1 24 

Blindness, Miraculous 

cure of 5 1 < o6 

Blithe the bright dawn <rij „ 

found me Furlong . . 4 1247 

Bloody hand in Lord 

Antrim's coat-of- 

arms, The J 2856 

' Street,' Drogheda 7 2569 

Blue, Blue Smoke, The „_„ 

(half-tone engraving) Graves ... 4 1415 
Bun-dell, Mrs. (M. E. 

Francis) * 215 

Board of National Edu- i/wv „ 

cation, The 4 1003, 1609 

Boate on Ulster 6 2276, 2279 

Boat race to win Dun- 

luce Castle 7 28o5 

Boats, Irish wickerwork 
(half-tone en- 
graving) " 3458 

of ancient Ireland 5 1740 

Boa t-So n q, A Can a d inn .Moore 7 2540 

Bob Acres, Jefferson as » 3088 

Acres' Duel Sheridan .. 8 3088 

Burke's Duel iri1h 

Ensign Urn dy. . .Maginn ... 6 2303 
Bodhmall, the woman 

Drnld 4 I 447 

Bodkin, Amby, as an 
authority on 

duelling 1 145 

Matthias M'Don- 

ni:u 1 232 

The, in Irish dress « 3493 

Bodleian Library at Ox- „ 

ford. Irish MSS. in 7 2673 

Boers, The Curse of //ic.Gregoby ..10 3927 
Boq Cotton on the Red 

Bog O'Brien ... 7 2591 

Bogs of Ireland, Pock- 
rich'e project for 

reclaiming 7 2696 

Ulster, Dr. War- 
ner's project for 

reclaiming 6 2278 

Boieldlea. Irish influ- 
ence on ...... 4- vii 

Bolb, Trout fishing on 

the 4 1522, 1523 

Bold is the talk in this.KELLY 5 1782 

' Defender, The ' 8 3270 

' Traynor, O.' 8 3270 

Bo-men fairies, The, de- 
scribed 3 xx 

Bons Mots of Sheridan 8 3119 

Sterne. Some 8 3227 

Bonner, Bishop of Lon- 
d o n , Proclamation 

against plays by 6 2348 

Booing (bowing), Dis 

sertation on 6 2237 

Book, Dimma's 7 2671 

first printed in 

Gaelic in Ireland 

(facsimile) 7 2741 

' of a Thousand 

Nights * Burton ... 2 404 

of Ballymote 2 629 ; 7 2663 

of Clonf ert 7 2664 

of Dromsneachta 2 lv, x 

of Durrow F 2671 

of Fermoy 5 1724 

ofKells 5 1737; 7 2671 

ofLecain 7 2663 

of Lecan 2 629 ; C 2223 

of Leinster 2 vi, xii 

4 1600, 1612, 1613, 1622;71738;8 2884 

ofLismore 7 2766; 8 3246 

' of Martyrs, The ' 7 2573 

of St. Bnlthe's 

Monasterv, The 

Speckled 7 2664 

of St. Molaga, The 

Black 7 2664 

of Slane, The Yel- 
low 7 2664 

' of Strange Sins, A'Kernahan.. 5 1809 

' of the Dun Cow ' 4 1600 ; 5 1731 

Books, drowned by 

Norse invaders 2 vill 

Irish, before St. 

Patrick 2 x 

of Cluain-mic-Nois, 

The 7 2664 

of Courtesy in the 

Fifteenth OenturyGKBma .... 4 1417 
Borough Franchise Bill, 

The Irish O 2176 

Bortiiwick, Norma IO 3879 

Boru Tribute, The 4 1622 

Boston Port, Sailing 

into C 2115 

Boswell and Goldsmith 7 B468 

collection of Chap- 
books, The 3 xxi 

B o v c 1 c a u lt , Dion 

(portrait) 1 252 

Boulogne-s u r - M e r , 

Father O'Leary at 7 2794 

Bourke, Sir Richard, 
the M ' W 1 1 1 i a m 

Fighter 7 2857 

Bowes, John, Solicitor- 
General, at the trial 

of Lord Gantry 7 2724, 2726 

Bou. who was Long on 

His Mother, The Hyde IO 3705 

Boycott, The First. . . . O'Brien ... 7 2611 

Boycotted Jessop 5 1688 

Boyd, Captain, Inscrip- 
tion on the 

Statue of Alexander, l 8 

Thomas * ~°° 

General Index. 



Boyle, Colonel, slain at 

Drogheda 7 

The, among the 

leading rivers of 

Ulster 6 

John, Earl of 

Cork 1 

supposed cause 

of Atherton's 

hanging 9 

on the ' Dra pier's 

Letters ' 1 

William 1 












3 1185 

Borne, The VI 

Obelisk, The (half- 
tone engraving) 7 

■ Soldiers of the 3 842, 957, 

The host of Meave 

from the banks of 

the 7 

The Battle of the 1 349 ; 7 

Doyne Water, The Street Bal- 
lad 8 

Boz See John Walsh. 

Bran, the hound of Fhm n ^ 

mac Cunihail 2 xvii, 629 ; 6 

Brandubh 4 

' Brannon on the Moor '. 8 

Bray, The scenery 


Breanhaun Crone _ „„„„ 

O'Maille 7 2S56 

Breastplate, The Hymn 

Called St. Patrick's. Stokes 8 3244 

'Breathe not his name 'Moore .... 1 2527 

Brehon Law, The 9 3393, 3493 

Law Code, The 1 29; 5 1735, 1739 

7 2615 

Brehons, The , 2 444 

Brenan, Joseph .„» 1 278 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on S ix 

Rrendan of Birr 7 2763 

Brett, Sergeant, shot at 

Manchester 7 2608, 2610 

Brewery of Egg-Shells, 

The Crokhr ... 2 731 

Brian. See A Song of 

Brian Boru. See The 
Irish Chiefs and 
also Hackenna'8 

Boroimhe, The 

Conqueror 9 

B o r u i m h a . See 

' O'Linn ' ........ Street Bal- 
lad 7 

• the Brave' 7 

See Bryan. 
Brian's administration, 

Anecdote of ...Moore 7 2533 

Lament for King 

Mahon Hogan 



Bribery by the English 2 

in the Irish House 

of Commons 6 

Bricriu 4 

Bride, The scenery 

around the river 1 

" Bridge of the World " 
fthe^ Rocky Moun- 
tains) 2 

Bridget Cruise. From 

the Irish Furlong ... 4 





vol. page 
Brigade at Fontenoy, 

The Dowling .. 3 878 

Brighidin Ban Mo Store. Walsh ... 9 3503 

The Cold Sleep of. Macmanus. 6 2270 

Bright, John, on land 

tenure 7 2867 

on the Irish Ques- 
tion 6 2156, 2158 

Bright sparkling pile !.. Wilde .... 9 3596 
Brightest blossom of 

the spring Ferguson . 3 1186 

Brigit at Kildare 8 3253 

Extract from the 

Life of Stokes ... 8 3246 

Healings by 8 3251 

Hymns in praise 

of 8 .3259 

-Miracles of 8 3246 

Relics of 8 3260 






- on Steele 8 3196 

Brother Azarias. See P. F. Mullaney. 

Brougham, John l 301 

Lord, on E. Burke 1 372 

on Sheridan 3 1191 

and Macaulay 6 2452 

Brow of Nefln, The Hyde lO 3777 

Brown Wind of Con- 
naught, The Macmanus.. O 2272 

Browne, Dr., and the 

United Irishmen.. 9 3515, 3519, 3523 

Frances 1 313 

John Ross 1 323 

Bruce, Campaign of, 

1314 9 3391 

' Bruidhen da Derga, 

The' 4 1601 

Brundusium 2 739 

Bryan, Boruma, Mean- 
ing of » 3546 

See also Brian. 
Bryce, James (por- 
trait) a 330 

Buckingham, Duke of 1 172 

■ Lord, Duel of, with 

the Master of the 

Rolls 1 

Britain, Goldsmith on 4 

' British Association, 

Address to the ' . Kelvin . . . B 

Museum, Irish 

MSS. in 7 

Navy, Irishmen in 9 

Parliament, Flood's 

Speech in the 3 

' Brogues, A Kish of '. .Boyle .... 1 

Brompton 1 

Brooke. Charlotte 1 

Henry 1 

Stopford Augus- 
tus 1 





Buckley, William 1 

Budget of Stories, A ..O'Keeffe .. 7 

Buggy, Kevin T 1 

Building, Ancient Irish 4 1612 

Bull, A French 3 1057, 1058, 1059 

-A Spanish 3 1058, 1059 

An English 3 1057 

An Oriental 3 1056 

The white, of Meve 2 xvii 

What is an Irish 3 1057 

Bull-baiting in Dublin 5 1916 

Bullock, Shan F 1 360 

' Bulls. An Essay on 

Irish ' Edgeworth. 3 1055 


Irish Lit. Vol. 10— P 


Irish Literature. 


Bulls Examined, The 
Originality of 

Irish Edgewoeth. 3 1055 

Irish, of Sir Boyle 

Roche 1 135, 137 

Bulwer on O'Connell 7 xxvi 

. Plunket 7 xxv 

Sheil 7 xxvi 

Bumpers, Squire Jones. Dawson ... 3 841 
' Bunch of Sham- 
rocks, A' Casey . 2 565 

Buncrana 6 2427 

Bunker's Hill, Irish 

volunteers for 6 2113 

Bunner, H. C, on John 

Brougham 1 301 

Bunthorne the Poet. See Oscar Wilde. 
Bunting's 'Ancient Mu- 
sic of Ireland ' 6 2230 

Buonaparte, Interviews 

uith Tone . » 3418 

■ , Tone introduced 

to 8 3418 

Burbage, James, Li- 
cense granted by 

Elizabeth to 6 2347, 2349 

Burgh, Hussey, a Monk 

of the Screw 2 797 

Burgundian Library, 

Brussels; MSS. in 7 2673 

Burial at Sea Alexander. 1 10 

of Moses, The Alexander. 1 1 

of Sir John Moore, 

The .Wolfe 8 3633 



Buried Forests of Erin, 

The Milligan 

Burke, Edmund (por- 
trait). (See also 
The J e s 8 amy 

a master on ora- 

and Sheridan 

and the ' Histori- 
cal Society ' 7 

Goldsmith on 4 1378, 

Meaffher on 6 

on Curran 7 

on Hampden's for- 
tune 1 

on the Duke of 

Bedford 1 

■ Secures MS. of Bre- 

hon Laws for 

Trinity College 7 

' Sir R. Teol on 1 

Some Wise and 

Witty Sayings of 1 

R., Goldsmith on 4 

The oratory of 7 

Thomas N 1 

William 4 

Burke's Statue (half- 
tone engraving) 1 

Burlesque novels 1 119. 

Burns, Speech on Ferguson . 3 

Burne-.Tones, Sir E., on 

the Irish character 8 

Burthen of Ossian. TIis.O'Gbadj .. 7 

Burton, Richard Fran- 

on ' The Arabian 

Nights ' 



1 380 














2 403 


Bush, Raftery and the 9 3667, 

Business Quarter and a 
Business Man in Lon- 
don Kiddell . . 8 2949 


But I — than other lov- 
ers' state Wilde .... 9 

the rain is gone by.TiNAN- 


Butler, Hon. Simon 9 

William Francis 2 


Butt, Isaac 2 

and the Home Rule 

movement 6 2174, 2177; 9 

To the Memory of.SiGERSON . . 8 

Buttercups and Daisies.TODHUNTER. 9 

Butterflies in Ireland 9 

Buying a seat In Church 3 

'By memory inspired'. Street Bal- 

By Nebo's lonely moun- 
tain Alexander. 

By O'Neil close belea- 
guered Drennan .. 

By our campfires Dowling . . 

By the blue taper's 

trembling light Parnell . . 

By the Margin of the 

Great Deep Russell . . 

By the shore a plot of 

ground Allingham 

Byrne, Colonel, slain at 


Byron and the Bless- 

inatons at Oenoa. Madden . . . O 

on j. P. Curran 2 

on Lord Castle- 

reagh O 

tells a story of 

Sheridan 8 

Byron's manner, Flip- 





















pancy of . . . ..'. '. O 2288 


C See H. G. Cubran. 

C. W See C. Wolfe. 

Cabins, Deserted (half- 
tone engraving) 6 2267 

Gael and Gredhe Gregory .. 4 1445 

Caelte and St. Patrick 8 2970 

Cat iltc's Lament. From 

the Irish O'Grady . . 7 2766 

Caenfela, Meaning of 9 3546 

Caesar, Julius, on the 

Druids 7 2721 

Caffyn, Mrs. Manning- 
ton 2 429 

Cailin og astor men- 
tioned in Shakespeare 4 vil 

Caillino, The Woods oAFitzsimon.. 3 1206 

Callte 2 630 

Calrderga 5 1724 

Cairn Feargall 2 629 

Calatin. The Children of 4 1434 

Caldwell. Should be 

O'Callaly 10 3807 

' Caleb in search of a 

Wife ' See J. Martley. 

Gall of the Sidhe, A. . .Russell ... 8 2996 

Callaghan, Grcally and 
Mullen, The Sorroic- 
ful Lamentation of.. Street Bal- 
lad 9 3316 

Callaghans. The. ad- 
ministering colonial 
affairs ..f 3 941 

Callanan. James Jo- 

seph 2 438 

W. B. Yeats on 3 vin 

Calling, The Sigerson .. 8 3138 

General Index. 



Calmly, breathe calmly 

all vour music Johnson .. 5 1700 

Caltori Hill, Burns and 

the 6 2131 

Camden, Lord, and 

Ninety-Eight 8 2930 

as Vice-Roy 6 2167 

Campbell, Counsellor, 

duel with Harry 

Deane Grady 1 143 

Lady Colin 2 448 

Sir Colin at Bala- 

klava 8 3009 

Rev. Dr. Thomas 7 2695 

Campion, John T 2 463 

Can the depths of the 

ocean Williams . 9 3607 

Canadian Boat-Song, A. Moore .... 7 2540 

governors 3 938 

Candle-making In an- 
cient Ireland 5 1737 

Candour, Mrs. (charac- 
ter in ' School for 

Scandal') 8 3099 

Canning, George 2 464 

« Life of Bell 1 165 

on 'Gulliver's Trav- 
els ' 1 167 

on Lord Nugent 1 171 

on parliamentary 

speaking 1 170 

on ' The Lady of 

the Lake" 1 


Oratory of 1 

Wit of 1 

Cantwell, Dr. (charac- 
ter in ' Mr. Maw- 
worm ' ) 1 183 

Canzone Wilde 9 3598 

Caoch the Piper Keegan ... 5 1762 

Caoilte- 2 629, 630 ; 4 1451, 1525 

See also Caelte, Cailte. 
Cape Clear (half-tone 

engraving) 6 2222 

and the surround- 
ing country 2 439; 6 2222 

. The Vicar of Otway 7 2S48 

Capel Street, Dublin. 
See A Prospect. 

'Captain Blake' Maxwell . 6 2412 

Captain's Story, The. . .Maxwell . 6 2400 
Capture of an Indian „ „„»„ 

Chief Reid 8 2932 

of HuahRoeO'Don- 

nell. The Connellan. 2 632 

of Wolfe Tone, The.O'BmES ... 7 2604 

Carbery, Ethna Mrs. Macmanus. 

Cardinal de Retz, Gold- 
smith on 4 1347 

Careless (character in 

' School for Scandal ') 8 3109 

Carew and the Bishop 

of Rome 7 2852 

. Sir George, Presi- 
dent of Munster 7 2740 

Caricatures by Gllray 1 168 

O* k l B t o n, William 

(portrait) 2 469 

— =— D. J. O'Donoghue 

on V xvli 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii, xii, xvi 

Inherently Irish 1 xi 

Carllngford Bay 6 2277 

Carlisle. Lord, story of 1 232 

and the Waiter 8 xxi 

Carlyle. A Dispute ivith.BVFFY .... 3 951 
•——Conversations of. Duffy .... 3 051 


Carlyle on Ireland's 

wrongs 3 951 

on freedom of re- 
ligious belief in 
Ireland 3 952 

on the Reforma- 
tion 3 951 

Carolan See Campion. 

and Arthur Daw- 
son 3 841 

remembered in 

the valley of 

Nephin 6 2231 

Songs 7 2615 

See O'Carolan, Tur- 


Carriages in Dublin in 

the XVIII. Century 5 1917 

Carrickt Have you teen 

at Walsh ... 9 3507 

The massacre at 3 955 

Carrickfergus, The gar- 
rison of 3 955 

Carrickmacross, The 

Fera Ros at 7 2709 

Carrigaphooka, A folk 

tale of 6 2320 

Carrigdhoun. See The 
Lament of the Irish 

Carrington, Lord, and 

Pitt 6 2285 

Carroll Malone. . . . See McBurney. 

Cartan, Shemus. See A 
Sorrowful Lament for 

Carvsvilk, Salmon fish- 
ing at 7 2730 

' Case of Ireland Stated, 

The ' Molynecx. . 6 2460 

Casey. Biddy 10 3818 

Miss (E. Owens 

Blackburne) 2 565 

John Keegan 2 572 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xi 

' Cashel Byron's Profes- 
sion ' Shaw 8 3035 

of Munster Ferguson . 3 1181 

The Acropolis of 

Athens and the 

Rock of Mahaffy .. 6 2334 

Rock and Ruins of 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 6 2334 

The Eagle of 4 1591 

The Psalter of. 

(See also Saltair) . . . 7 2664; 7 2673 

Cashmere, The lake of 7 2509 

Cassandra 9 3660 

Castle. Agnes Egerton 

(portrait) 2 576 

' Castle Daly ' Keary 5 1755 

Down, The Oood 

Ship McBurney . 6 2113 

" Hack, The Dub- 
lin " 3 888 

Rackrent Edgeworth. 3 995 

M. F. Egan on 5 ix, x 

Castlereagh, Lord, By- 
ron on 6 2168 

Justin McCarthy 

on 6 2169 

Name of, hated 8 2930 

Plunket's answer 

to 7 xxv 

See A Noble Lord. 

Cat, The Demon ... , , , . Wildh 9 3557 


Irish Literature. 


Cathair More 7 2752 

Cathald Maguire on the 

Golden Stone 7 

The Festology of . . 


Cathedral at Cashel, 
compared with the 
Parthenon . . . 

GatJileen nl Hoolihan 


6 2335 


. .Yeats ..... 9 
Catholic Celts under the 

Stuarts 6 viii 

not heard in 

Irish Parlia- 
ment 7 viii 

Church, The Irish 

peasant's devo- 
tion to the 6 2148 

■ clergy and the peo 


■ disabilities. See 

Disabilities of the 

Roman Catholics. 

■emancipation 3 773:6 2161; 

— On CURRAN ... 9 

Orators 2 

• priests in war 

time, Leland on 3 

• question, G r a t - 

tan's speeches on 7 

■Rights, On O'Connell.. 7 

8 920 

9 x 





Catholics, Church build 

lng by 6 2152 

Of the Injustice 

of Disqualifica- 
tion of Grattan . . 4 1405 

The. are the Irish 9 3426 

Cathvah, the Druid « 2756 

' Catiline,' Scene from. . Croly .... 2 747 
Cats' Rambles to the 

Child's Saucepan 8 xix 

Seanchan the Bard 

and the Kinq of the. Wilde .... 9 3566 

Superstitions about » 3680 

Cattle raiding 2 

Ca van 1 

The mountains 

and lakes of 6 2275, 






Cavanagh, M., of Wash- 
ington, D. C 10 

Cave, Sir John, and Sir 

Boyle Roche 1 

Stories 2 xii 

Cavern, The Hayes lO 3977 

Cavour, Count, on the 
state church in Ire- 
land 6 2150 

Cean Dubh Deeiish Ferguson . 3 1183 

duv Deeiish Shorter . . 8 3126 

Cease to Do Evil, — 

Learn to Do Well MacCarthy. 6 2128 

Cecil. Lord. See The 

4 1617 

9 3654 

Earl of Essex. 


Celtic Authors Biogra- 
phies in Vol. 10. 
Element in Litera- 
ture, The Yeats .... 

1 Literature Hyde. See 

Vols. 2 and lO. 

place-names, Ori- 

crin of 2228 

' Romances, Old '.. Joyce. 5 1724. 1731 

'- Twilight, The '..Yeats .... 9 36«6 

3073, 3678, 3679, 3683 


' Celts, Legendary Fic- 
tions of the Irish ". . .Kennedy .. 5 1796 

1799, 1801, 1803 

The M'Gee 6 2223 

Salutation to the. M'Gee .... 6 2228 

Cement not used in -^ 

early building 8 2883 

Censure, Swift on 9 3378 

Centenary Ode to the 
Memory of Thomas 
Moore MacCarthy. 6 2131 

Century of Subjection, A.Taylor ... 9 3300 

Cervantes 3 873 

Cet mac Magach 4 1615 

Changeling, The Lawless .. 5 1877 

Changelings 2 731; 5 1877 

Chanson De Chateau- 
briand . . O 2339 

Chap-books at Harvard 3 xxi 

described 3 xs 

Irish 2 469 

Thackeray on Irish 3 xx! 

Welsh on 3 17 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xx 

Chapel, The Ruined . .Allingham. 1 22 

Chappel's, A., portrait 

of Maria Edgeworth 3 993 

Character, A Irwin .... 5 1675 

Irish 8 viii 

John Wesley on 8 xiv 

Sir Edward 

Burne- Jones on 8 xv 

of Napoleon, An 

Historical Phillips .. 8 2888 

Character Sketches, 
R e m i n i s - 
cences, etc. 

Fire-Eaters, The. . Barrington. 1 141 

Irish Gentry and 

their Retainers.. Barrington. 1 133 

Pulpit. Bar and 

P a r 1 i a m e n - 

tary Eloquence. .Barrington. 1 127 

Seven Baronets. 

The Barrington. l 129 

Gloucester Lodge. .Bell 1 165 

Princess Talley- 
rand as a Critic. Blkssi ng- 

ton 1 212 

Facetious Irish 

Peer, A Daunt 3 819 

King Bagenal Daunt .... 3 817 

Icelandic Dinner. 

An Dufferin . 3 942 

Dispute with Car- 

lyle, A Duffy .... 3 951 

My Boyhood Days. Edgeworth. 3 1073 

Sheridan as Ora- 
tor Fitzgerald. S 1190 

Keogh. The Irish 

Massillon Fitzpatrick 3 1199 

Prince of Dublin 

Printers, The. . ..Gilbert ... 4 1258 

Well See About Zt.Hall 4 1534 

Origin of O'Con- .„„ 

tie? I Hoey 4 1588 

Scenes in the In- 
surrection in-- 
Of 17V8 LeaDBEATER. o 1886 

Love-Making in Ire- „ „ „„ 

land MacDonaGH. 6 2193 

Byron and the 

Rlessingtons at 

Genoa Madden . . . « 2286 

William Pitt Madden ... 6 2284 

General Index. 



Character Sketches, 
eences, etc. 

Rambling Reminis- 
cences MlLLIGAN . . 6 

Prince of /wismore.MORGAN ... 7 

Irish Musical Ge- 
nius, An O'Donoghuh 7 

Budget of Stories. O'Kbeffe . 7 

Harry DeaneGrady.O'FLA.xA.GA.N 7 

Pen-and-ink Sketch 

of Daniel O'Con- 

nell Sheil 

— Some College 

Recollections . . .Walsh 




S 3064 




Last Gleeman, TheYEA.T3 9 

Characteristics of Ire- 
land 8 

of Irish literature 2 

Characteristics of 
the Irish. 

A loving people 8 

Approachableness 8 

Artlessness 8 

Attention and cour- 
tesy to strangers 8 

Aversion to confess 

ignorance 8 

Dancing, Love of 8 

Desire to please S 

■ Exaggeration 8 

Faculty for paying 

compliments 8 

Familiarity 8 

Flattery S 

Freedom of man- 
ners 8 

Hospitality of the 

Irish Celts 3 

1 ndifference 

to facts 8 

Leisurely and cas- 
ual 8 

— Love of hunting 8 

Love of racing 8 

Practical joking 8 

Ready replies 8 

Sense of humor 8 

Simplicity 8 

Sociability 3 

Talkativeness 8 

Charade, The Amazing 

Ending of a Crojisielin. 2 751 

Charge of the Light 
Brigade, The (refer- 
ence) Tennyson . 8 3013 

Charity among the Hill- 
people 4 1456 

Charlemagne, Irish ver- 
sion of the wars of 7 

'Charles I.' Wills .... 9 

and Ireland 9 

II. and Ireland » 

■ O'Malley ' Lever. 5 1972, 
















x, xii 








Charlie, The Coming of 

Prince Magrath . . 10 4415 

Charlotte Elizabeth. SeeMRS. Tonna. 
Charming Mary Neal. . .Street Bal- 
lad 8 3275 

Chatham and Town- 

shend Burke .... 1 391 

Cheltenham 6 2410 

Cherry, Andrew 2 586 

Cheshire Cheese, The, 

Klaymers Club at , 5 1693 


Chesson, Mrs. W. H. 

(Norah Hopper) 2 590 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xiii 

Chess-playing in olden 

times 5 1739; 7 266S, 2707 

Chesterfield and Faulk- 
ner 4 1260 

as Lord Lieutenant 6 2150 

Chevalier de St. George, 

son of Mary D'Este 2 768 

Chickahominy, The 6 2423 

'Chiefs of Parties, The '.Madden ... 6 2284 

The Irish Duffy 3 959 

Chieftains, Lives of 
Irish 1 30 

Childe Charity, The 
Story of Browne . . 1 314 

Childhood in Ancient 

Greece Mahaffy . . 6 2328 

Children and parents, 

Affection between .. . 6 2196; 7 2618 

of Lir, The Tynan- 

Hinkson. .. 9 3460 

Children's games in Ire- 
land 7 2783 

reading in the 

XVIII. Century 3 1073 

Stories, A Writer 

of 3 994 

' Child's History of Ire- 
land, A' Joyce .... 5 1735 

' China, Narrative of 

the War with ' Wolseley.. 9 3636 

Chinese Life, picture of 6 2206 

Chnoc Nania (hill) 6 2230 

Chosen People, A : Ma- 
gee on 6 2293 

' Christian Architecture, 

Early' Stokes 8 3238 

Mother, The Kirwan ... 5 1842 

Christianity in Ireland 9 viii, 3401 

Christmas Song, The 

Kilkenny Exile's.... Kenealy .. 5 1788 

' Chrysal ' Johnstone. 5 1709 

' Church and Modern 

Society, The '... Ireland ... 5 1662 

Architecture 8 3238 

how covetousness 

came into the 10 3823 

Irish devotion to 

the Catholic 6 2149 

of England, The 6 2159 

The Catholic 3 920, 6 2148 

Ruins, Holy Island 

(half-tone e n - 
graving) 6 2130 


by Catholics 6 2152 

by Irish women 1 31 

Churches, Saxon, in Ire- 
land 8 28S0 

Churchman, Newman 

the 7 2556 

Cibber, Theophilus 7 2699 

Cicero (in ' Catiline ') 2 747 

Cinderella an Egyptian 

legend 9 3534 

Circle, A Swift 9 3389 

Circular Stone Forts 8 2882 

Cithruadh -. . 4 1452 

' Citizen of the World, 

The" Goldsmith. 4 1317 

1322, 1326, 1334, 1338, 1341 

Citizen-Soldier, The 
Common O'Reilly .. . 8 2825 

City in the Great 
West, A,,,,,,,,,, , .Dukbavbn .. 3 983 


Irish Literature. 


Civil Service in Ireland 9 3363 

. War, Archbishop 

Ireland in the 5 1662 

Irish in the 4 1539 ; 6 2321 

The American 7 2826, 2831 

Clacken Lough, Descrip- 
tion of country 

around 1 360 

Claims of Science, T/ic.Tyndall . . 9 3463 

Clan Dega, The 7 2752 

Clang of the Wooden 

Shoon Molloy ... 6 2458 

Clanmorris, Lord, and 

Curran 1 143 

Clanricarde in the Re- 
bellion of 1641 9 ix 

Sarsneld's wife the 

daughter of the 

Earl of 7 2816 

Ulick, Earl of, at 

war with his 
brother Shane of 

the Clover 7 2743 

Clar Cuilte 4 1443 

Claragh's Lament. From 
the Irish of John Mc- 
Donnell D' Alton .. 2 803 

Clare. Lord 9 3516, 3524 

i.ord, Goldsmith's 

Poetical Epistle 

to •• 4 1377 

and Curran, duel 

between 1 142 

County 5 1740, 1985 

Clarke, Cowden, on Fftr- 

quahar 3 1164 

General, a Celt of 

the Spanish type 4 1589 

Joseph Ignatius 

constantine 2 596 

Claudius 5 1847 

Clearing of Qalicay, 

The Prender- 

gast 8 2913 

Clebach, The well of 3 1163 

Cleena 5 1743, 2004 

Clerical life in Ireland 6 2411 

Clerke, Agnes Mary 2 601 

Clerkenwell explosion 6 2153 

Clew Bay 7 2856 

Clive, Lord, Macaulay 

on .. 6 2446 

Cloaks, Spanish 9 3499 

Clochoir, an ancient 

oracle 7 2718 

Cloghan Lucas, M'Wll- 
11am leaders hanged 

at 7 2858 

Clogher, Origin of the 

name 7 2718 

in Tyrone O 1724. 1726 

Clogherna* 5 1423 

Cloghroe, The Maid of.. Street Bal- 
lad 9 3299 

Clonakiltv 7 2613 

Clonard, Finnen of S 1727 

Clonavaddock 6 2433 

Clonfert, The Book of 7 2664 

Clonmacnolso (half-tone 

engraving) 8 2979 

Graves at 9 3484 

The Dead at Rolleston.. 8 2979 

The Monastery or 4 1600 

Clonnell, Lord. duel3 
with Lord T.v rawly 
and Lord Llandaff ..,, 1 142 

Clonmore, Old Pedhar 

Carthy from M'Call .... 6 

Clontarf, Battle of 2 ix ; 6 

Cluain-Dobhain, King 

Ferghal at 7 

Cluncalla 4 

Cluricaune, The 2 713 ; 3 

Coach-a-bower, The 3 

Coal-mining, Remains of, 

at Bally castle, Ulster 6 

Coats, Styles of 9 

Cobbe, Frances Power 2 

Cockade, The White. . . Callanan . 2 

Code, Duelling 1 

Henry Brereton 2 

Results of the 4 

Coelte 7 

See also Cailte. 

Coercion Laws 5 

Gladstone on 7 

vol. page 

Coffinmaker, Keogh a 3 

Coif, The 9 

Coinage, A National, for 

Ireland 9 

Laws of 9 

Lord Coke on 9 

Coimin of the Furze. . . Hyde 10 

Coke Lord, on the coin- 
age 9 

Colclough, Sir Vesey, 

Reminiscences of 1 

Cold Sleep of Brighidin, 

The Macmanus. . 6 

Coleman, Patrick 

James 2 

Coleraine - 6 

Colgan, Father John, 

cited 7 

collector of Irish 

manuscripts for 

Louvain 7 

Collection of Folk Tales 3 

Colleen Baicn, On the. .Street Bal- 
lad 9 

M. F. Egan on 5 

Rock (half-tone 

engraving) 4 

Rue Street Bal- 
lad 8 

'Collegians, The' Griffin ... 5 

1483, 1489, 1494, 
Griffin's master- 
piece 1 

'Colloquy of the An- 
cients,' On the Rolleston. 8 

(See also Literary Qual- 
ities of the Saga.) 
Colonial Slavery, 1831. .O'Connell. 7 2650 
Colonizations of Ireland, 

Early 2 xl 

Colum, Padraic 2 612 

Columcille, Death of 2 xvil 

The Death of St. .Hyde 4 1618 

Columkllle. See St. Co- 

'Come all you pale lov- 
ers' Doffet ... 3 948 

in the evening . . .Davis 3 830 

' piper, play the 

Shaskan Reel'.. Casey 2 574 

see the Dolphin's 

anchor forped ..Ferguson.. 3 1174 

tell me, dearest 

mother Street Bal- 

lad 9 3316 

' to me> dearest'. .Brenan . . . i 278 




















General Index. 



. 6 

. 7 

. 4 


Comedians in Queen 

Elizabeth's reign 

Comharda, The Irish 

Comic papers, why they 
do not flourish in Ire- 

' Coming of Cuculain, 

The' O'Grady . 

of Finn, The Gregory 

Prince Charlie, T/ieMAGRATH 

Commandments, The 

Thirty-Six 1 

Commemorative funer- 
als for the Manches- 
ter martyrs 7 


and the Union 8 

Declaration of 

Irish Rights . . . Grattan . . 4 

Decrease in Ire- 
land 9 

— — Oh a Commercial 
Treaty with 
France Flood 3 

Short View of Ire- 
land, 1727, A ...Swift 9 

Commercialism in Amer- 
ica 1 

Committee of Selection, 

The work of the 3 

Common Citizen-Soldier, 

The O'Reilly .. 7 

Commune of Paris, The 2 

Con Cead Catha (Con of 

the Hundred Fights) 2 444; 5 1731; 8 

■ The Lake of 6 

Conal of Ossian quoted 

by O'Connell 3 

Conall and Conlaoch 4 

— Cearnach 4 

derg O'Corra 5 














Conan 4 1451, 

maol, Biography 

(portrait) 10 4029 

Concerning the Brass 
Halfpence Coined by 
Mr. Wood icith a de- 
sign to have them 
Pass in this Kingdom.SwiFT .... 9 

Conchubar. See Conco- 

bar 4 1427, 

Conciliation with Amer- 
ica, On Burke .... 1 

Concobar. See Conchu- 
bar 7 2748, 

Condail (now Old Con- 

nell. County Kildare) 7 

Condition of the peas- 
antry 9 

Condon convicted at 
Manchester 7 

Condy Cullen and the 

Ganger Carleton. . . 2 

Confederation, The Irish 6 

' Confessions of an El- 
derly Gentleman'BLESSixoTON 1 

of Tom Bonrke ..Croker ... 2 

Confiscation of Eecles 

lastical Property 9 

Cong, Lord Carlisle at 1 

' Congal ' Ferguson . . 3 

Congregation, The Loan 

of a Maxwell .. O 

Congreve, William 2 

W. B. Yeats on , 3 











Conjugal fidelity in Ire- 

S 192S 


Conlaoch 4 

Conn 4 1609; 6 

Ced-cathach, thu 

hundred fighter 2 444 ; 5 

Connacht, Dermot's en- 
trance into 7 

Lone Songs of. . . .Hyde 10 

3749, 3763, 3777, 

Religious Songs of Hyde 10 

3813, 3823, 3829, 

Songs of Hyde lO 

Speakers in 4 

Connall 2 

Connaught, folk-tale of 5 

— Aldf rid in 6 

Meave and the host 

of 7 

Place-names in 6 

Sarsfield in 7 

The Brown Wind of Macjianus. 6 

The Duke of ; his 

welcome to Ire- 
land 7 

The first boycott 

in 7 

See The Gray Fog 

and also The 
West's Asleep. 
Connaught's approba- 
tion of Henry 
Flood 3 

boast of beauty 3 



Connemara (See also A 
May Love Song) 

Lord Carlisle in. . . 

Starving peasantry 


.. 7 












Connla of the Golden 
Hair (half-tone en- 
graving) Joyce. 5 1731 

7 2868 

Connla's Well Russell 


Connor, Son of Nais 2 







Conor, King of Ulster, 

Conquest of Ireland JJ 

Conry, The parish of 5 

Consent of the governed 9 

Consolation Larmixie .. 5 

Constitution. Goldsmith 

on the English 4 

On the English . . . Caxxixg .. 2 

Conservatism of Amer- 
icans 1 348 

Consumption of admira- 
tion, The 6 2383 

Contagion of Love, TheCoBBE 2 605 

Contents of ' Irish Lit- 
erature ' described 2 xlx 

Contentment.' From ' A 

Hymn to Parnell ... 7 2876 

Continuation of the 
Memoirs of the Rack- 
rent Family Edgeworth. 3 1014 

Continuity of national 

spirit in literature 1 xiv 

of Irish in Irish 

literature 2 vili 

Convent life, A picture 

of 6 

' Conversations with 

Carlyle' Duffy .... « 

Conversion of Ireland 9 

of King Lao g - 

h aire's Daugh- 
ters. Folk Lore. Anonymous. 3 





Irish Literature. 


Convivial, Extracts from 

Retaliation GOLDSMITH. 4 

Convivial Songs. 
- The Cruiskeen 

Lau-n Anonymous. 8 

■ Garryoiven Anonymous. 8 

Lanigan's Ball . .Anonymous. 8 

Rakes of Mallow. Anonymous. 9 

Monks of the ScrewfiVK.KA.x ... 2 

. Why Liquor of 

Life* D' Alton .. 2 

Bumpers, Squire 

Jones Dawson ... 3 

Of Drinking ....Flecknoe .. 3 

Mangy Ladir .... Furlong . . 4 

The Three Pi'(/eons.GoLDSMiTH. 4 

■ Abhrain an Bhui- 

deil Le Fanu . . 5 

Good Luck to the 

Friars of Old... Lever 5 

1 drink to the 

graces Lever 5 

Man for Galway . .Lever 5 

The Pope He Leads 

a Happy Life... .Lever 5 
















■ Sweet Ohloe .' . . . .Lysaght .. 6 

The Irish Exile. . .M'Dermott. 6 

Humors of Donnn- 

brook Fair O'Flaherty. 7 

Friar of Orders 

Gray O'Keeffe . . 7 

'Whisky, drink di- 
vine! ' O'Leary ... 7 

Here's to thenaid- 

en of bashful fif- 
teen Sheridan . . 8 3117 

Conviviality in Iceland 3 943 

in Ireland 1 239 

2 521, 534. 055. 710. 797 ; 3 817, 997, 

1025, 1053, 1201 ; 4 1565 ; 5 1956, 

. 1969, 1975, 1990 

in Irish humor t» x 

Cooke, Sir Charles 8 2914 

John 9 3481 

Coole, Dr. Douglas Hyde 

a.t 4 1650 

Coolun, The. From the 

Irish Ferguson. . 3 

' Cooper'6 Hill' Dexiiam ... 3 

Copernican theory, The 2 

Copernicus anticipated 

In Ireland 8 

Copyright in Ireland 1 xxiv; 5 

Coracle, A (half-tone 

engraving) 9 

Coran the Druid 5 

Cork, County. A benevo- 
lent landlord of G 

An entrance to 

Tirnanose fa- 
bled to be in fi 

Scenery in 7 

narbnr (half-tone 

engraving) 2 

Raleigh in 3 

Swimming to Que- 
bec from 3 1117 

Tbe Mayor of, A 

.-joke on 8 

Cormac Conlintrns 7 

Conlingeas 4 

Duvlinsjas 7 

mac Art at Tara 4 

Cormac's Chapel. Cash- 
el, compared with the 

Erechthcum at Athens 6 







14. r :n 


VOL. FAC-fl 

Corn laws, O'Connell on 

the 7 2633 

Corn-mills in ancient 

Ireland 5 1736 

Cornwall, Lord 8 3278 

Cornwallis, Lord, Vice- 
Roy of Ireland 6 2167 

Character of 6 2168 

on Catholic eman- 

Coronation chair, The 
(half-tone en- 

stone, Goldsmith 

on the (see also 
The Ha Fail). 

6 2171 

7 2717 
4 1321 

Corradhu. See A Memory 

Extracts from a 

Letter to a Noble 

Lord Burke .... 1 379 

To the Duke of 

Grafton Francis ... 3 1228 

Letter from tli? 

Place of his BirthMcHALE ... 6 2227 

Corrig-a-Howly, castle 8 2857 

Corry, Isaac, duel with 

Henry Grattan 1 142. 4 1385 

Corrymeela Skrine .... 8 3154 

Costello, Mary 2 640 

Costume. See Dress. 

Cottage, An Irish (half- 
tone engraving) 2 512 

in Killarney (half- 
tone engraving) 4 1 484 

' Life in Ireland '.O'Kennedy . 7 27S2 

Cottonian Library, Ex- 
tract from MS. in 6 2348 

Couldah, The River (See 

Count each affliction . . De Vere... 3 860 

Counterfeit Footman, 

The Farquhar. . 3 1165 

Countess Kathleen 
0'8hea,The. FolkLoreANONYMous. 3 1 1 r»7 

Country Folk Johnson .. 5 1694 

Country Life in Ire- 

The Plotrcr 2 612 

Bindin' the Oats. .Coleman .. 2 (510 

Seed-Time Coleman . . 2 (509 

Castle Rackrent. .Edgeworth. 3 999 

The Widoic's Mes- 
sage to Her Son . Forrester . . 3 1222 

Mow Myles Mur- 
phy got his Pon- 
ies out of the 
Pound Griffin 

We'll See A bout //.Hall 4 

A Swarm of Bees. Hamilton 

— An Electioneering 

Scene Hartley . 

Pieture of Ulster .MacNevix 

Thr Exile Moore . . . 

- The Vicar of Cape 
Clear Otway 



Countu Dispensary, .4. Griffin ... 4 

of Mayo, The Fox 3 

Court players in the 

time of Henry VII 6 

Courting. Irish ideas of 6 

Courtly" (character in 

' London Assurance ' ) 1 

Courtship 2 

Coverlcy Family Por- 
traits, The Steele .... 8 


i .-»:'. 4 






General Index. 



Covetousness, how, came 

into the Church 10 

Cow Charmer, The.... Boyle 1 

Cowshra Mead Macha 7 

Cows, Woman of three lO 

Cow-sports 3 

Coyle, Barney, duel 

with George Ogle 1 

Bishop 9 

Coyne, Joseph Stir- 
ling 2 

Cox. Watty, D. J. 

O'Donoghue on » 

Crabbe, the poet, on 

keening 9 

Crabtree (character in 

' School for Scandal ' ) » 

Craglea. See Brian's 

Cranbourne, Lord, on 

Disraeli 6 

Cravats as worn in Ire- 

land £ 

Crawford, Mrs. Julia * 

Credhe, Gael and Gregory . . 4 

Crede's house, Manner 

of building 4 

'Crescent and the Cross.'WARBURTON. 9 

Criffan 6 

Crimall 4 

Crimean War s 

Criminality of Lctty 

Moore, The Esler 3 

' Critic, The ' Sheridan . . 8 

Criticism. See Lite- 
rary Appreciations. 

Critics of the Stage Kelly 5 

Croach, Patrick 1 

Croft's ' Life of Young,' 

Burke on 1 

Croghan, The Rath of 3 

Croker, John Wilson 

(portrait) 2 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 6 

Mrs. B. M 2 

on Sheridan 3 

Thomas Crofton 2 

M. F. Egan on 6 

Croker's ' F a i ry Le- 

gends 6 

Croly, George 2 

Cromcruach, the Idol 7 2718, 

Cromlech at Dundalk 

(haH'-tone engraving) 7 

Crommelin, May 2 

Cromwell and Drogheda 1 

and Ireland 9 

Hatred of the 

Irish for 4 1530; 6 

' in Ireland' Mdrphy ... 7 

loosed on Ireland 4 

On me and on my 

children Wills . 

on the massacre at 

Drogheda 7 

■ The Queen and. . .Wills . 

See The Groves of 


Cromwellian confisca- 
tion, The 2 

■ Settlement of Ire- 
land, The ' Prendergast8 

Cromwell's Bridge (half- 
tone engraving) 2 

































9 3512 






Cromwell's invasion. 
See The Irish 

partition of Ire- 
land 4 3423 

Crookhaven, The scen- 
ery around 7 

Croppy Boy, The McBurney. . 6 

Street Bal- 
lad 8 

' Croppv, The ' Baniji . . . . : 

The Irish 6 

Cross at Monasterboice 
(half-tone e n- 

graving) 9 

sign of the, forever lO 

Crosses and Round Tow- 
ers of Ireland Cooke and 

Wakejian . 9 
Crossing the Black- 

icater, A. D. 1603 Joyce 5 

C r o 1 1 a Cliach, The 

Mountain of . 4 

Crotty, Julia 2 

Cruachan, the palace of 

Connaught 7 

Cruelties in India 1 

Cruiskeen Lawn, The. ..Street Bal- 
lad 8 

Crystallization 9 

Cuanna's House, The 

Hospitality of Connellan. 


Cuchulain 2 xii 

— Coming of ' O'Grady ... 

Death of Gregory... 





• described 

- of Muirthemne ' . . Gregory 











Sagas. The 4 

The Knighting of. O'Grady ... 7 

Cuchullin Cycle, • Tales 

of the 4 

' Saga, The' Hull 4 

Cuculain. See Cuchu- 
Cucullan. (See also Cu- 
chulain, Cuculain and 

Cuchullen.) 4 1609 

Cuckoo Sings in the 

Heart of Winter, I7;e.CHBSSON . . 2 

Cudgels, Irish 2 496, 

Cuhoolin. See Cuchu- 
Cuileagh, The mountain, 
' cradle of the Shan- 
non ' 6 

' Cms dd Pie/ The Raftery . . 10 

Cullain 4 

Cumann na Gael, The 10 

Cumberland, Richard, 

Goldsmith on 4 

Cumhal, Father of Finn 4 

Cumscraidh 4 

Cumulative stories 4 

Cunlaid 4 

Curleck, Scenery near 1 

Curlew Mountains, The 6 

Curlieu's Pass, The, 

Normans at 3 

Curoi, The Exploits of.. Joyce .... 5 

Currachs and canoes 5 

Curragh Beg 1 351, 

(half-tone engrav- 
ing) 9 

Curran, Henry Grattan 2 

John Philpot 

(portrait) 3 









Irish Literature. 


Curran, John Philpot, 
and Father 
O'Leary 7 2793 

a master in ora- 
tory 7 xxviii 

and Grattan con- 
trasted 7 xxii 

■ and Lord Clan- 
morris 1 143 

Speech for Lord 

Edward Fitz- 
gerald 7 xxiii 

Speech for Peter 

Finnerty 7 xxiii 

Prior of the 

Monks of the 


5 1957 

of the 

Clare 1 142 

Burke on 7 xxii 

Meagher on 6 2422 

secures a writ of 

habeas corpus 

for Tone 7 2606 

Curran's defense of H. 

Rowan 7 xxiii 

■ genius described 7 xxiv 

quips beyond re- 
call 6 ix 

repartees 6 ix 

Witticisms, Some 

of 2 798 

Curse, The Carleton ..2 559 

An Irish. See Nell 

Flaherty's Drake. 
— — of Doneraile, The. O'Kelly .. 7 2779 

of the Boers on 

England, The. . ..Gregory ...lO 

Cursing at a funeral '. 9 

of Tara, The O'Grady ... 7 

Cushla gal Machree 8 





Custom, An Old ...*.. ..Griffin ... 4 

Customs and Man- 

The Baltic of the 

Factions Carleton . . 2 

The Curse Carleton .. 2 

Shane Fadh's Wed- 
ding Carleton . . 2 

Tim Hogan's Walce.CoYNK 2 

Castle Rackrcnt. ..Edgewortii. 3 

Books of Courtesy 

in the XV. Cen- 
tury Ghbbn .... 4 111. 

We'll See About /UIall 4 1534 

An Electioneering 

Scene Hartley . . 4 1557 

Food, Dress and 

Daily Life in 

Ancient Ireland ..Joyce 5 

Their Last Race. . .Matiiew .. G 

A B v d g e t of 

Stories O'Keeffe .. 7 2771 

Kerning and 

Wakes Wood - Mar- 
tin 9 3640 

' Customs of Ancient 
Erlnn, Manners 
and ' O'Curry ... 7 2666 

Scotch 2 754 

Cvclopean style of archi- 
tecture 8 2881 

Cynick, Thomas, and 

Richard Pockrlch 7 2701 



Daddy O'Dowd, Bouci- 

ault as 

Dagda, The 

Daily Life in Ancient 

Ireland, Food, Dress 

and Joyce 

Dalcassians, The. See 


Dalkey Island, Essex on 

D a 1 1 i n g , Lord, on 

George Canning 

D' Alton, John 

Dame Street, Dublin 

Dana Russell . . . 

See The Plower. 

Danaanic colony, The 

' Dance light, for my 

heart It lies under 

your feet, love ' Waller . . . 

Dancing. An Irish Lass. 

See Kitty Neal. 
Dangle (character in 

Sheridan's ' The 


Daniel O'Rourke Maginn . . . 

Danish Invasion, The 

Dante's portrait by Gi- 
otto discovered 

through R. H. Wilde 

Dara, King of South 


Darby Doyle's Voyage 

to Quebec Ettingsall. 

Dardan. See Bridget 


' Darell Blake ' Campbell . . 

Dark Girl bu the Holy 

Well, The Keegan . . . 

Man, The Chesson . . 

Rosaleen. From 

the Irish Mangan .. . 

(cited) , 

source of my an- 
guish CURRAN . . . 

Darkly, the cloud of 


DARLEY, Geobgh 

Darrvnaclougherv fair 

Darwin C. and Dr. Si- 


on the divine origin 

of life 

Daunt, William Jo- 

vol. page 


5 1735 

3 1234 

2 464 
2 S03 

6 2107 

8 2999 

6 2280 

9 3501 

8 3114 
6 2313 

9 viii 

seph O'Neill 

Davies, Sir John : let- 
ter to Salis- 

True character 


Tom, the London 


Davis, Thomas Os- 


See a\so The Irish 

9 3596 

7 2749 
3 1114 

2 448 

5 1706 
2 592 


1 viii 

2 768 

9 3646 

2 807 
9 3316 

8 3132 

5 1786 

3 811 

6 2276 

9 3394 

7 2479 

3 822 
3 xxlv 

-i (quoted) 

and Young Ireland. . 

Ferguson and 

W. P.. Yeats on 

Davitt, Michael 


and the Land 


J. H. McCarthy 


1 xvll 
J) xl 
a 2219 
3vll, ix 
3 832 
3 xxiv 

9 xi 

C 2179 

General Index. 



Dawning of the Day, 

The Walsh .... 9 

of the Year, The. .Blake .... 1 

Dawson, Arthur 3 

Day as a Monk of the 

Screw D 

Dazzle (character in 

4 London Assurance ') ] 

De Boisseleau 8 

De Burghs, W i 1 1 i a m, 
Earl of Ulster, Pro- 
hibition of intermar- 
riage by •> 

De Burgo, Thomas "* 

D'Este, Mary, Queen of 
James II., A lament 
for * 

D'Esterre and O'Con- 

nell 7 

De Foix, Franchise, Com- 
tesse de Chateaubri- 
and 6 

De Jubainville, M. d'Ar- 

bois 4 

De la Croix, Charles 9 

De Prof limits Tynan- 

Hinkson. O 

De Retz, Cardinal, Gold- 
smith on 4 

De Tourville, Admiral 7 

De Vere, Sir Aubrey , 3 

Aubrey Thomas 3 

■ on 6. Griffin 4 

on Sir Samuel 


poetry 3 

W. B. Yeats on 3 

Dead Antiquary, O'Don- 

uvan. The M'Gee .... 6 

at Clonmacnois, 

The Rolleston. 8 

• heat and windless 

air Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 
Dean Kirwan, Eloquence 

of 1 

Dean of Lismore's 

Book 8 3139, 

Dear and Darling Boy. Street Bal 

lad 8 

' Lady Disdain' ..McCarthy.. O 

maiden, when the 

sun is down .... Walsh .... 9 

Land O'Hagan . . 7 

07c? Ireland Sullivan ... 9 

Dearg M6r 4 

Deasy, the Fenian 

leader. Rescue of . . 7 

Death,' From 'A Night- 
piece on Parnell . . 7 

' of an Arctic Hero. 

The ' Alexander. 1 

■ of Cuchulain Gregory . . 4 

of Dr. Swift, On 

the Swift .... 9 

of St. Columcille, 

The Hyde 4 

of tlie Homeward 

Bound M'Gee 6 

— — of the Huntsman, 

The Griffin ... 4 

of Virginia, The. .Knowles .. 4 

■ The three Shafts 


'Decay of Lying, The '.Wilde 
Deception, An Heroic. ..Gwynn 

































Dechtire 4 

Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, The Amer- 
ican 5 1665; 7 

of Irish RigJits . . . .Grattan . . 4 

See also Moly- 

Decline of the Bards 2 

Decoration Day, May 
31, 1886; J. B. 
O'Reilly's speech . 7 

of Crosses in Ire- 
land 9 

Dedanann, Tuatha de 2 

Dedannans, Invasion of 9 

Deent, Daniel 3 

Deep, deep in the earth. McCarthy. . 6 
— in Canadian Woods.SuLLiVAN... 9 











Defense of Charles Oa- 

van Duffy Whiteside. 

of the V o I un - 

teers, A Flood 

9 3550 
3 1217 

Deirdre, a name that 

stirs 8 2990 

and Naisi Joyce 5 1746 

in the Woods (half- 
tone engraving) .Trench ....9 3431 

the renowned 4 1245 

the sad-eyed 7 2593 

The Story of lO xvi 

— memorized 3 xviii 

' Wed ' Trench ... 9 3431 

' and other 

Poems ' Trench ... 9 3432 

De Jubainville, A., on 

Irish MSS ... 2 xi 

His Work for Cel- 
tic literature 2 xviii 

Delany, Mrs., Letters of. 5 1918 

Delights of ignorance 3 885 

Democracy, American 

faith in ,_± 1 333 

Problems of Mod- 
ern Godkin ... 4 1290 

Demon Cat, The Wilde 9 3557 

Denham, Sir John 3 849 

W. B. Yeats on 3 vii 

Dennis was hearty when 

Dennis was young. .. Serine ... 8 3153 
Denon, Baron, and the 

Princess Talleyrand * 

Dependence on England 9 

Derby, Lord, on dises- 
tablishment of the 

Irish Church 6 

' Derga, The Bruidhen 

da ' 4 

Dermot, The thankful- 
ness of P. 0'Leary..10 

and Ruadhan 7 

Astore Crawfobd . . 2 

Derrick, D. J, O'Dono- 

ghue on the wit of 6 

Derry, Dean of 4 

Reminiscences of 6 

The Maiden City 9 

The Siege of Alexander.. 1 

(reference) 9 







■ watered by Lough 

Neagh , . . . 6 

Derrybrien, Mary Hynes 

at 9 

Derrycarn, The black- 
bird of 7 

Derrynane House (half- 
tone engraving) 4 

Desaix, General ® 












Irish Literature. 

D eseriptlon.. 

See Travel, etc. 
of the Sea. From 

the Irish O'CtJRRY ... 7 

' Desert is Life' Brooke .... 1 

Deserted Cabins (half- 
tone engraving) 6 

Deserted Village, The. .Goldsmith. 4 
Deserter's Meditation, 

The CURRAN .... 2 

Desmond. See O'Don- 

nell Aboo. 
Spenser in the 

palace of 6 

Waste, The 9 

Despair and Hope in 

Prison Davitt .... 3 

Destruction of fortified 

places 2 

of Irish MSS 2 

by Norse 2 

of Jerusalem, Irish 

version of the 7 

of Troy, Irish ver- 
sion of the 7 

Detail, Minute, in the 

Sagas 2 

De Tocqueville on Amer- 
ica 4 

' Dens mens.' From the 

Irish of Maelisu Sigerson .. 8 

Devenish, Ruins of an 

old Abbey, at 6 

The lake of. See 

Devil, The Yeats 

vol. PAGE 
















9 3673 

Devotion of children to 

parents in Ire- 
land « 2197 

of Irishmen abroad 

to Ireland 7 2618 

'Diamond Lens, The '. .O'Brien ... 7 2594 
Diaries, Journals, etc. 
Interviews with 

Buonaparte ....Tone 9 3418 

Journal of a Lady 

of Fashion Blessing- 
ton 1 193 

Hacaulay and Ba- 

con Mitchel . . 6 2444 

Rhapsody on 

Ruins, A Mitchel . . 6 2454 

Diarmid (see also A Lay 

of Ossian and 

Patrick) 7 2753 

servant of St. Col- 

umcille 4 1618 

O'Duibhne. See 

The Hospitality 

of C u a n n a' s 

' Diary, Leaves from a 

Prison ' Davitt. 3 832, 837 

Dick Wildgoose 4 1347 

Dickens. Charles ; E. 

Dowden on 3 873 

describes speech of 

O'Connell's 7 xxvi 

Did I stand on the top 

of bald Nefin? 10 3777 

ye hear of the 

' Widow Mnlone?.I.KVER 5 1999 

Diddler. Jeremy (char- 
acter in ' Raising the 
Wind') E> 1805 

vol. page 
Dillon, Father Domi- 
nick, slain at 

Drogheda 7 2573 

T., and the Land 

League 9 xl 

Wentworth, Earl 

of Roscommon 8 2981 

Dimma's Book 7 2671 

Dineley, T., on funeral 

customs 9 3642 

Dingle, County Cork, 

An amusing story of 6 2199 

Dinbkn, Rev. Pat- 
rick S 10 3959, 4025 

Dinner Party Broken 

Up, A Lever 5 1972 

Dinnree, Wax candles 
used in, before the 

V. Century 5 1737 

Dinnseanchus, The 4 1611; 6 2667 

Dirge of O'Sulliran 
Bear. From the 

Irish Callanan . 2 445 

of Rory O'More. . . De Vere . . 3 859 

Disabilities of the 
Roman Catho- 

~Wo)}>rn in Ireland 

in Penal Days. ..Atkinson. .. 1 28 

Farewell to the 

Irish Parliament.CuiTR&N ... 2 783 
On Catholic Eman- 
cipation Ccrran ... 2 777 

The True Friends 

of the Poor and 

the Afflicted Doyle 3 921 

The Irish Intellect.GihKS 4 1282 

The Penal Laws. ..McCarthy.. <» 2179 

Justice for I rchnul. O' Cosy ell. . 7 2641 

Ireland's Part in 

English Achieve- 
ment Sheil 8 3057 

Disarming of Ulster, 

The Curran ... 2 780 

Disestablishment of the 

Irish Church 9 ix 

Movement for the <> 2 1 59 

Disillusion Wilkins .. 9 3606 

Dispute with CtvrVyle, A.&mvx 3 951 

Disqualification of Cath- 
olics. On the Injus- 
tice of Grattan . . 4 1405 

Disraeli, Lord Cran- 

bourne on 6 2158 

' Dissenchas Tracts, 

The' 4 1598 

Dissensions in Ireland 2 7s:); 9 viii 

Distances of the Stars. 

The Ball 1 36 

Distilling. Illicit 1 40; 2 541 

'Divide, The Great '.. .Dunraven . 3 063 

Divinities of the Irish 7 2721 

Divorce. Singular man- 

ner of 7 2857 

Dixon, a Choctaw O'Reilly .. 7 2835 

W. Mac Neile, on 

Sir Aubrey de 
Voi-o's 'Mary 

Tudor ' 3 851 

on Aubrey T. de 

Vere's poetry 3 854 

-on E. Dowden's _ g gG6 


Do vou remember, long 
ago Fcrlong 


General Index. 



Dobson, Austin, on Wil- 
liam Congreve 2 614 

Dodder, The ; threat to 
divert its stream 
f rom Dublin 7 2728 

Dohkny, Michael 3 S64 

W. B. Yeats on 3 x 

Donaghmoore, Round 

Towers at 9 3491 

Donal Kenny Casey .... 2 574 

Donald and His Neigh- 
bors Anonymous. 3 1147 

' Donall-na-Glanna.' See D. Lane. 

Donane, Voters from, at 

a Ballynakill election 1 140 

Donegal Fairy, A MacLintock 6 2253 

Far Darrig in . . :.MagLintock 6 2248 

Fishing at Lough 

Columb in 4 1520 

' Humors of Macmakds . 6 2254 

parishes 4 1512 

Tale, A 6 2242 

The Franciscan 

monastery of 1 31 

The Irish Gaelic 

in 6 2428 

The mountains of. 

See Tnnishowen. 

Doneraile, The Curse o/\0'Kelly ... 7 2779 

Donnach Cromduibh 7 2719 

Donn of the Sand 

Mounds «. . 7 2752 

Donnbo, or Donnban 7 2709 

' Donnelly and Cooper ' 8 3270 

Donnybrook Fair 2 607 

The Humors of. . .O'Flaherty. 7 2713 

Donoughmore, Lord, tra- 
duced in The Dublin 
Journal 7 2640 

Donovans, The Fahy 3 1132 

Dorinda (character in 
' The Beaux' Strata- 
gem ') 3 1165 

Dorothy Monroe, the 
famous beauty. See 
The Haunch of Ven- 

D'Orsay and Byron 6 2288 

Dotting G., The Red 

Duck 10 3779 

Douglas, Dr., Canon of 

Windsor 4 1380 

Dowden, Edward 3 866 

on Sir S. Fergu- 
son's poetry 3 1170 

W. B. Yeats on . s 3 xiv 

Dowling, Bartholo- 
mew 3 878 

. Richard 3 881 

■ Edited poems of 

J. F. O'Don- 

nell 7 2678 

Down. See The Muster 
of the North. 

-The majestic moun- 
tains of 6 2275 

-by the salley gar- 
dens ' Yeats 9 3705 

Downey, Edmund (see 
■ also note to An 

Heroic Deception ) 

Downing, Ellen Mary 

1'atrick 3 

Downpatrick 3 

Doyle. .Tames 10 3375, 

J. (biography) lO 

James Warren 3 

3 891 






Doyle, J. W., duel with 

Hely Hutchinson 1 143 

Mary 10 3875, 3887 

Draherin O Hachree. . . .IIogan .... 4 1593 

Drake, J. R., in prison 9 3330 

Drama, Tlie. 

Mr. Maictcorm . . . Bickerstaff 1 



Lady Gay Spanker.'BouciCA.VLT. 1 

Gone to Death. .. .Brooke ... 1 

Scene from ' Cati- 
line' Croly 2 

She Stoops to Con- 
quer Goldsmith. 4 

The Counterfeit 

Footman Farquhar . 3 

Tlie Lost Saint. . . Hyde 4 

The Twisting of 

the Rope 

Mr. Diddler's TToysKENNEY . 

The Death of Vir- 
ginia Knowles 

How to Get On in 

the World Macklin 

The End of a 

Dream Martyn . 

How to Fall Out. .Murphy 

Mrs. Malaprop . . . Sheridan 

— —Bob Acres' Duel. . Sheridan 

Auctioning off 

One's Relatives. Sheridan 

The Scandal Class 

Meets Sheridan 

Sir Fretful Plagi- 
ary's Play Sheridan 

The Queen and. 

Cromwell Wills . . 

— — Cathleen Ni Hooli- 

han Yeats . . 

Drama in Ireland, Lady 

Gregory on 

■ The Irish Gwynn . 





Dramatic criticism 

Revival, Irish 

Society, The Irish 

National lO 

' Drapier, Letters, The ' Swift .... 9 
Drawing Room in Dub- 
lin Castle, A 1 246, 

Dream, A Allingham. 1 

of a Blessed Spirit.YEATS .... 9 

The Age of a Johnson . . 5 

The End of a Martyn . . . G 

Drennan, William 3 

-Jr., William 3 

' Dreoilin ' See Francis A. 


In Africa 2 

■ In ancient Ireland 5 

In the XVII. Cen- 
tury 1 

Kathleen Mavour- 

neen (half-tone 

engraving) 2 

Of an Irish chief- 
tain 7 

Of ancient Irish 

(color plate) 8 

Of Fergus Mac 

Roy 7 

Of Grana Uaile 7 

Of Irish women 1 

7 2544, 2547, 

Of Munster women 1 

Of Queen Maeve 7 

Of the ancient 

Irish 3 



































Irish Literature. 


Dress of the Ancient 

Irish Waller ... 9 3493 

■ Of the Bards (color 

plate) 3 xiv 

. Of the Ollamhs 

(color plate) 3 xiv 

See also Shane the 


Drimin Bonn Dilis Walsh 9 3511 

Dubh 3 442 

Driminuch, The wood of 4 1643, 1646 

Drimmin don dilis, The 7 2615 

• Dubh Dheelish . . .Street Bal- 
lad 8 3281 

Drink, Evils of « 2397 

Drinking, Of Flecknoe. . 3 1209 

— . — Song Sheridan . 8 3117 

Dripsey stream, The 1 353 

Drogheda ; Cromwell au- 
thor of the mass- 
acre at 6 2150 

■ Crosses at 9 348G 

(half-tone engrav- 

in) 1 150 

Lawrence's Gate 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 7 2568 

Parliament held 

before Sir Chris- 
topher Preston at 7 2462 

The Marquis of 1 140 

The Massacre at. Barry .... 1 150 

The Massacre oMIubpht .. 7 2567 

Dromoland. County 
Clare (half-tone en- 
graving) 7 2619 

Dromsdeach, The Book 

of 2 x 

Dromsnechta, The Book 

of 7 2668 

Drover, A * Colum 2 613 

Druldical order, Cos- 
tume of (color plate) 8 3144 

Druidism, Sources of 7 2666 

Druids and Druidisin. . O'Curry .. 7 2666 

Julius Cffisar on 

the 7 2721 

The ancient Irish 5 1732 

Drumclieff 6 2354 

Drumgoole 5 1936 

Drummond, William 

Hamilton 3 930 

Drunkard to a Bottle of 

Whisky, Address of ttLrc Fanu .. 5 1946 

'Dm be that tear' Sheridan . 8 3118 

Dryden on R. Flecknoe 3 1208 

Duhhdun, King of Oriel 4 1623 

Dubhlacha 4 100S 


— — A new student at 

Trinity College C 1986 

• Beautiful view of, 

from Killiney 

Hill 7 2652 

Castle, A Drawing 

Room in 1 246 

On Dowling ..3 887 

' History of the 

City of Gilbert ... 4 1258 

in the XVIII. Cen- 
tury Lecky .... 5 1914 

7 o tir n al. The, 

O'Connell on 7 2637 

7, ' 1 c . Jane: A 

Sketch from ...Cwstello .. 2 640 
— — Magazine, 1825 3 1142 

Dublin. Neighborhood, 

vol. page 




News-letter, The.. 

Printers, The 

Prince of Gilbert . . 4 1258 

Red Hugh impris- 
oned in 2 

Satire on 6 

Society formed to 

increase the 

price of meat in 7 

Street Arabs. 

Three Hartley . . 4 

The Apostle of 

Temperance iw..Mathew 

theaters 5 

Thomas Cynick's 

attempt to con- 
vert the people 
of 7 

University t> 

University Review 3 

See Daniel O'Connell and Biddy 

Moriarty: The Gray Fog; The 
Monks of the Screw; and 
Tried by his Peers. 

Dubourg, the violinist 5 

Dubthach 4 

Due de Feltre (General 

Clarke) 4 

Duel between D'Esterre 

and O'Connell 7 

O'Connell chal- 
lenged by Sir R. 

Duel with Ensign 

Brady. Bob Burke' sMagikx ... 6 2303 









7 2625 

7 2625 


Anecdotes of 1 

Bagenal on "3 

Code 1 

See An Affair of Honor and 

The Battle of the Factions. 

Dufferin, Lady (por- 
trait) 3 

Lord 3 

Duppbt, Thomas 3 

Duffy, Sir Charles 

Gavan 3 

and Repeal 9 

and ' Young Ire- 
land ' 9 

Edward Rossa 8 

In Defense of 

Charles Ga van . .Whiteside. 9 

in Prison... 3 811; « 2128, 12129, 

in Prison, To . . . .M'Gee .... « 

on faction fight at 

Turloughmore 9 

on T. Furlong 4 

on Gerald Griffin 4 

on J. C. Mangan 6 

Dugan, Maurice (bi- 

ography) *° 

Translation trom 

the Irish of 3 

Duigonan. Or., at the 

College visitation 9 

duel with a bar- 
rister : 



SI 7 

Duke of Grafton. To t/ieFRANCiS 

Dullahan, The, described 

Dun Angus, A visit to 

the H 

Dunbolg. The Battle of. Hyde 4 

Dunboy, The storming of 7 















General Index. 



Dunbwy, The Girl of.. Davis 3 829 

Dun Cow, Book of the 4 1600 

Dundalk 2 639 

Cromlech at (half- 
tone engraving) 7 2666 

Dundargvais 3 931 

Dundealgan 4 1427 

Dundrum - 7 2715 

Dunfanaghy. See An Heroic Decep- 
tion and The Phantom Ship. 

Duncan, Garrett 7 2570 

Dungannon 2 639, 786 

Dunkerron, The Lord of. Croker ... 2 736 
Dunleekny, Bagenal at 

home at 3 817 

Dunluce 4 1255 

Castle (color 

plate) Otway ... 7 2853 

— The ruins of 6 2278 

Dcnraven, Earl of 3 963 

Lord, on Round 

Towers 9 3490 

Durrow, The Book of 7 2671 

Gospels, Orna- 
ments and initials 

from (color plate) 4 1620 

Dursev Island 6 2314 

'Dust Hath Closed 

Helen's Eye ' Yeats 9 3666 

Duties of a Representa- 
tive, The Burke 1 394 

Duty of Criticism in a 

Democracy, The . ...Godkin ... 4 1290 

Duvac Dael Ulla 7 2751 

Dying Girl, The Williams . 9 3609 

Mother's Lament. 

The Keegan ... 5 1764 


Each nation master at 

its own fireside. Ingram ... 5 1661 

poet with a differ- 
ent talent Rolleston.. 8 

Eagle of Cashel, The 4 


Eamania, The palace of 9 3493 

Eanachbuidhe (Rose- 
brook) 6 2277 

'Earl of Essex, The '..Brooke ... 1 288 
' Early Christian Archi- 
tecture ' Stokes ... 8 3238 

humor of Irish 

Celts 6 vii 

Irish Literature. .Hyde 2 vii 

Irish satirists . -. O vii 

Stage, The Malone ... 6 2346 

Earrennamore 6 2393 

Earth and Man, The.. Brooke ... 1 290 

■ Spirit The Russell . . 8 2996 

Ease often visits shep- 
herd swains Lysaght . . 6 2109 

East India Company 1 373, 383 

West, Home's best.O'FARRELLY.10 3967 

Eir6, The Fair Hills. o/\Sigerson ..10 3937 
Eccles, Charlotte 

O'Conor 3 967 

Ecclesiastical Property, 

Confiscation of 9 3391 

' Remains, Ancient 

Irish' Petrie 8 2880 

Echo, The Hayes 10 3983 

Echtge Hills, The 4 3669 

Economics and So- 

Extracts from 'The 

Querist ' ,,,,.. .Berkeley . l 177 

Economies and So- 

National Charac- 
teristics as Mold- 
ing Public Opin- 
ion Bryce .... 1 

Position of Women 

in the United 

States Brycb .... j. 

The True Friends 

of the Poor and 

the Afflicted Doyle .... 3 

A Scene in the 

Irish Famine . . Higgins ... 4 

Amusements of the 

People O'Brien ... 7 

Edain 7 

Eden, Mr 4 

Edgeworth, Maria 

(portrait) 3 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii ; 8 

Richard Lovell 3 

Edgeworthtown. County 
Longford, home of R. 
L. Edgeworth 3 

Edinburgh reviewer, 

Macaulay an 6 

Editorial work on 

' Irish Literature ' 2 


Childhood in An- 
cient Greece . ..Mahaffy 

Gaelic Movement. 

The Plunkett . 8 

in America 1 

in Ireland 1 

Irish as a Spoken 

Language Hyde 4 

Irish Intellect, TheGiLES .... 4 

not completed 

without a duel 1 

of the Catholic 

Irish 4 

Plea for the Study 

of Irish, A O'Brien ... 7 

The Board of Na- 
tional 4 1603, 

Greek 6 

Edward I., removal of 
the Jacob's Stone 

to London 7 

Duffy Rossa 8 

vol. page 











6 2329 

Egan, Maurice Francis 

(portrait) 3 

on Irish novels 5 

Egan's Duel with Roger 
Barrett 1 

Eglinton, John .... See William K. 


Egypt 7 2512. 

Burton on 2 

Eighteenth Century, 
Children's read- 
ing in the 3 

Dress in the 1 


Dublin in the 

' Eighty-Five Years of 
Irish History ' Daunt. 3 

Eileen Aroon Furlong 

Griffin . 

Eirenach See Doheny. 

Eiric, Bishop, and Brig- 

' El Medinah and Mecca, 

Pilgrimage to ' , , , , . Burton . 

, . 4 
.. 4 



















Irish Literature. 


: Elder Faiths of Ire- 
land, Traces of the '. Wood-Mar- 
tin 9 

Election incident at Bal- 

hnakill 1 

Electioneering in Eng- 
land 3 

In Ireland. See An Irish Mis- 
take and Castle Rackrent. 

Scene, An Hartley . . 4 

Elections of 1868, The 6 

Elegy, An, on Madam 
Blaine Goldsmith. 4 

' Elfintown, The End 
of Barlow ... 1 

Elizabeth. Queen. 

and Grana Uaile 7 

and Granua Wail 10 

and Hugh Roe 

O'Donnell 2 

and Ireland 7 2745; 9 

and Sir Walter Ra- 

leigh 3 

and the Earl of 

Essex 1 

and the Stage » 

Ireland under 8 3266; 10 

Players during the 

reign of O 

Ellis, Mr., on Poetry 9 

Elopements 2 


Irish 4 

Pulpit, Bar and 

Parliamentary.. .Barrington. 1 

Last Speech of 

Robert Emmet. .Emmet 3 

See Oratory. 

Elrington the actor 5 

" Elzevir, The Oaken- 
f o o t e d." See G. 

Emain 4 

Macha 7 

Emancipation and Re- 
form 8 

Catholic 2 773; 6 

Lincoln's procla- 
mation of 5 

On Catholic Curran ... 2 





















Emer, Wife of Cuchu- 

lain 4 1426, 1433 

' Emerald Isle, The '.See Dbbnnan. 

' Emergency Men, The '.Jessop .... ?► 

Emerson and \<ir;, /<;h,.Mullaney . 7 

on folk tales 3 

Emu/rant in America, 

The Song of the 

Irish Fitzsimon.. 3 1206 

Lament of the 

Irish Dufferin 



Emigrants. Character ofKicmiAM .. 


'I'm very happy 

where I am '.. .Boucicault. 
A Scene in the 

South of rrcland.BviT 

Donal Kenny ....Casey .... 

Lament of the 

Irish Emigrant. .Dufferin . 

■ Terence's ForeweliDOFFEBlN . 

= — — The Exile's RcturnhocKE . . . . 

A Memory MacAleese. 

The Passing of the 

Gael MACMANDS . . 

The Exile MOOUE . . . . 
















The Iris h m an's 

Farewell Anonymous. 8 3287 

Song of an Exile 7 2840 

■ The Exodus Wilde 9 3570 

A Farewell to 

America Wilde .... 9 3599 

' Eminent Irishmen in 

Foreign Service' ...Onahan ... 7 2814 
Emmet, Robert 3 1086 

(portrait) 3 1093 

absent from col- 
lege visitation 9 3519 

Death of Campion ..2 463 

expelled from 

University 9 3526 

first against 

Union 9 x 

Lord Norbury at 

the trial of 3 1093 

Plunket prosecu- 
tor of 8 2S94 

secretary of 

United Irish- 
men 9 3523 

The betrothed of 7 2533 

See A Song of Defeat and 

When He Who Adores Thee. 
Thomas Addis 6 2166 

' Emotions, An Essay on 

the ' Cobbe . . 

En Attendant Wynne . 

Enchanted Woods ....Yeats .. 
Enchantment of Gea- 

roidh I aria Kennedy 

End of a Dream, The. .Martyn . 

' Elfintown, The ' . Barlow . 

Engine-Shed, In the. . . Wilkins. 
England and Ireland. . .Bryce . . 

and the American 


cannot govern Ire- 











4 1389 

Enlisting in 1 

- 1 1 istory of ' .... Lecky .... 5 
in Shakespeare's 

Youth Dowden .. 3 

• The Curse of the 
Boers on ( Trans. ) Gregory . . 10 

England's Battles fought 

by Irishmen 9 

Empire 9 

' Parliament, Ire- 
land's Cause in '.McCarthy.. 6 

English Academy, The. Banim ... 1 

Achievement. Ire- 
land's Part ik..Sheil 8 

Bribery by the 2 

Buck 1 

Bull. An 3 

Constitution, On.. Canning ... 2 

freedom 2 

indebtedness to 

Irish literature 2 

institutions satir- 

lzed 9 

' Misrule and Irish 

Misdeeds' De Verb . . 3 

of the Pale, The 













Irish writers in, in 

Centuries * 

Engus 2 

Enlightened by a Cote- 
Stealer 7 




General Index. 



Enlisting In England l 358 

Enna 5 1725 

Ennis 7 2611 

Enniscorthy 1 80 

Ennishowen Wingfibld. . 9 3620 

Enniskillen 7 2818 

Ensign Epps, the Color- 
bearer O'Reilly . . 7 2830 

Eochaidh Airemh, King 

of Erinn . . 7 2667 

Epilogue to Fand Larminie . 5 1875 

Epitaph on Doctor Par- 

nell Goldsmith. 4 1383 

on Edward Pwnf omGoldsmith. 4 1383 

Ere, Son of Cairbre 4 1433 

Erectheum of Athens 6 2335 

Erigal 1 258 

Erin Drennan . . 3 924 

' History of the Il- 
lustrious Women 

of 1 32 

The Buried Forests 

of Milligan . . 6 2437 

' Manners and Cus- 
toms of Ancient '.O'Cuhry ... 7 2666 

The Old Books o/.O'Curry ... 7 2670 

Erin's Lament for 

O'Connell 8 3269 

Erne, Lord 7 2612 

The 6 2354, 2363. 2365 

Errigal 6 2436 

Erskine, Lord, Sheridan 

on 8 3125 

Erwin, Bishop, of Kil- 

lala 6 

Escape of Hugh Roe. . .Connellan. 2 
Esler, Mrs. E. Ren- 


' Essay on Irish Bulls '.Edgeworth. 3 






'■ on the Emotions '.Cobbe .... 

on the State of Ire- 
land in 1720 Tone .. 9 3415 

on Translated 

Verse, From Wie.RoscoMMON. 8 2981 

' Essays ' Wiseman . . 9 3627 

Essays and Studies. 

True Pleasures ..Berkeley . 1 174 

The View from 

Honeyman's Hill. Berkeley . 1 176 

A Gentleman ....Brooke ... 1 285 

The Preternatural 

in Fiction Burton ... 1 404 

■ The Contagion of 

Love Cobbe .... 2 605 

Despair and Hope 

in Prison Dayitt .... 3 837 

The Originality of 

Irish Bulls Ex- 
amined Edgeworth. 3 1055 

The Gentleman in 

Black Goldsmith. 4 1317 

Advice to the La- 
dies Goldsmith. 4 1322 

Beau Tibbs Goldsmith. 4 1320 

Liberty in En glandGowfiiiiTH. 4 1331 

The Lore of 

Freaks Goldsmith. 4 1334 

The Worship of 

Pinchbeck HeroesGoLDSiiiTB.. 4 1338 

Whang and his 

Dream of Dia- 
monds Goldsmith. 4 1341 

The Lore of Quack 

Medicines Goldsmith. 4 1343 

vol. page 
Essays and Studies. 

Happiness and 

Good-Nature ...Goldsmith. 4 1345 

Mountain TheologyGnvGORY . . 4 1455 

Ireland, Visible and 

Invisible Johnston . 5 1702 

A Quiet Irish TalkKEELiNQ . . 5 1769 

Moral and Intel- 
lectual Differ- 
ences between the 
Sexes Lecky .... 5 1920 

What is the Rem- 
nant? Mageh .... 6 2292 

The Irish in Amer- 
ica O'Brien ... 7 2617 

Monotony and the 

Lark Russell . . 8 3005 

Sir Roger and the 

Widow Steele 8 3198 

The Coverley Fam- 
ily Portraits . . . Steele .... 8 3203 

The Art of Pleas- 
ing Steele .... 8 3206 

The Story of Yor- 

ick Sterne 8 3213 

The Story of Le 

Fevre Sterne 8 3220 

'Dust Hath Closed 

Helen's Eye ' . . Yeats 9 3666 

Village Ghosts ..Yeats 9 3673 

Enchanted Woods. Yeats 9 3679 

Essex, The Earl of. . . .Brooke .... 1 288 

( reference) 7 2744 

"Essex-street, The 

Wooden man in " 4 1259 

Esthetic sensibility of 

Pagan Irish 2 xvlll 

' Ethelstan ' Darley ... 2 809 

Ethical content of an- 
cient Irish literature 8 2973 

Ethnic legends of Ire- 
land 9 vli 

Ettingsall, Thomas 3 1114 

O'Donoghue on 6 xiv 

Eulogy of Washington. Phillips .. 8 2891 
Europe, Irish scholars 

in 9 3395 

European literature, 

Ireland's Influence on 4 vli 

Evangelistarium of St. 

Moling, The 7 2671 

Evening Hymn, The. . .Trench ... 9 3437 

Evensong Rolleston . 8 2977 

Events of 1798, The 6 2229 

Ever eating Swift 9 3389 

Eviction, An Barlow ... 1 98 

Evolution, Doctrine of 9 3466 

- Sir J. Herschel on 5 1787 

of Species 5 1786 

Execution of Lady Jane 

Grey 3 851 


The Manchester 

martyrs 7 2607 

; The Night before 

L a rr y to a s 

stretched ' 9 3308 

Trust to luck ' 9 3319 

Exile, The Moore 

Song of an Orr 


• The I?-ish McDermott. 6 2189 

Exile's Christmas Song. 

The Kilkenny .Kenealy ... 5 1788 


Irish Literature. 


Exile's Return, or Morn- 
ing on the Irish 

Coast, The Locke 5 200S 

Exiles, Our Sullivan .. 9 3328 

Exodus, The Wilde 9 3570 

The Great 4 xii ; 9 3395 

Expeditions 2 xii 

Exploits of Curoi, The. Joyce .... 5 1749 
Exports and Imports, 

Irish 9 3364 

Extract from the 'Jour- 
nal to Stella ' . . Swift 9 3378 

from the Life of 

Brigit. From the 

Irish Stokes ... 8 3246 

Extracts from a Letter 

to a Noble Lord. Bubke 1 379 

The Querist ...Berkeley . 1 177 

Extraordinary Phenom- 
enon, An Irwin .... 5 1669 


F. M. Allen See Downey. 

Fabian Dei Franchi ..Wilde .... 9 3593 

Society, The 8 3035 

Facetious Irish Peer, A. Daunt .... 3 811 
Facsimile of first Irish 

newspaper 4 125S 

title page of first 

book printed in 

Gaelic in Ireland 7 2941 

Facsimiles. See ' Irish 
MSS. Illuminated.' 
' Irish MSS.' 'Ancient 
Irish MSS.' 
Faction Fight, The . . . .Mathew . . 6 2391 
Factories and Work- 
shops Bill of 1878 6 2178 

Faery Fool, The Chesson .. 2 593 

Sana, A Yeats 9 3704 

Fahan 6 2427 

Fahy, Francis A 3 1124 

Famt are the breezes. .Downing .. 3 916 
Faintly as tolls the eve- 
ning chime Moore .... 7 2540 

Fair Amoret has gone 

astray Congreve . 2 614 

An Irish Pig (half- 
tone engraving) 7 2484 

Hills of Lire, Tht . 

From the 
Irish of Mac 
Conmnra ..Sigerson ..10 3937 

. From the Irish 

of Mac Con- 
ma ra Mangan ... 6 2378 

■ of Ireland, The 
(half-tone en- 
graving) ....Ferguson . 3 1185 
Rent, fixity of ten- 
ure, and fair sale 

(the ' Three F's) 6 2179 

Fairest! put on awhile. MOORE 7 2529 

Falrhead, or Benmore 6 2278 


or No Fairies Croker ... 2 720 


The Flitting of tJicBarlow ... 1 116 

The history of the 

Sidhe 9 3707 

Fairy, A Donegal Maclintock G 2253 

and Folk Tales. 

Irish Welsh .... 3 xvll 

and Folk Tale3 of 

Ireland ANONYMOUS. 3 1136 

Fairy Brugh of Slieve- 

namon, The 

Court, The Darlby . . . 

Fiddler, The Chesson . . 


— — Greyhound, The . .Anonymous. 
- Legends and Tra- 
ditions ' Croker. 2 




















— — Poetry 3 

Shoemaker, The 

Lcprecaun or ...Allingham 

' Tales, Irish * . . .Leamy . . . 

importance of, 

to Irish-Ameri- 
cans 3 

Tales. See Folk 


The Selfish Giant 9 

The Story of 

Childe Charity 1 

Faith of a Felon, The. .Lalor 5 

' Faiths of Ireland "... Wood-Mar- 
tin 9 3640 

Falls of Killarney, The 

(half-tone engraving) 5 

Fallon, Squire t 


and the Plague in 

Ireland, The 1 

A Lay of the .... Street Bal- 
lad 9 

A Scene in the. . ..Keary .... 5 

A Scene in the 

Irish Higgins . . 4 

Drimin Donn Dills 9 

The great 6 

of 1879, The « 

of 1845, The 9 

Year, The (half- 
tone engraving) .Wilde .... 9 

Fand, Epilogue to Labminib . 5 

Fannet. See Jamie Freel 
and the Young Lady 
:.nil Humbling Remi- 
Far are the Gaelic 

tribes M'Gee .... 6 

Darrig, The Welsh. 3 xvii, 

in Donegal MacLinj- 

tock .... C 










Farewell. A Sigerson 

Gorta, The 3 


the gray loch runs.TRENCH 

Far- Away Sigerson 

Farewell Sullivan 

but whenever you 

welcome the 

hour Moore .... 7 

my more than fa- 
therland Wildb 9 

the doom Is 

spoken Sigerson . . 8 

to America, A . . ..Wilde .... 9 

to the Irish Par- 
liament CtRRAN ...2 

Farm life in Ireland 4 

Farmer In Ireland, The 4 

Farquhar, George ' 

Farran, Miss, Sheridan 

Far-Shee, The. See 

Fate of Frank M'Kenna, 

The Carleton . *■ 

* Father Connell ' Banim . . . . 1 


314 2 






1 167 

8 3122 


General Index. 







10 IS 







Father Gilligan, The 

Ballad of Yeats 9 

Lalor is Prowioied.BLUNDELL . 1 

O'Flynn Graves 4 

O'Leary, Some An- 
ecdotes of 7 2793 

Prout See Mahony. 

personalities of 6 

Faulkner, George 4 1258 ; 5 

Feasts 2 

F6is, The, of Tara 4 1611 ; t> 

Feithfailge Macmanus.. 6 

Felire A en g u s a ( the 

Festology of Aengns) 7 

Felon, The Faith of cLalok .... o 
« Felon-setting,' S t e - 

phens' article on 7 

Fena, The 8 

The Last of the. . JOXCS 5 

Fencing with the small- 
sword 1 147 

Fenian Brotherhood, 

The § 

Cycle, The 2 

— — movement, Poets 

of the. W. B. 

Yeats on 3 xi 

Feainn Movement, Tiie. 

■ The Irish Church.. McCarthy. 6 2148 

A Young Ireland 

Meeting 6 2180 

Why Parnell Went 

into Politics O'Brien ... 7 2607 

Charles Kickham 

and ' The Irish „ 

People' 7 2798 

The Irishman's 

Farewell ANONYMOUS, 8 3287 

' Fenian Nights' Enter- 
tainments, The' McCall ... 6 2117 

'Fenians and Fenianism, 

Recollections of O'Leary .. 7 2798 

Feral. The Lake of 6 2276 

Fera-Ros, The King of 7 2708 

Ferghal, King 7 2709 

Fergus, Son of a Noble 

Sire 2 804 

— Son of Flaithri 4 1624 

-The wars of 5 1705 

Ferguson, Sir Samuel 

(portrait) 3 1168 

(reference) 6 2219 

M. F. Egan on 5 xiv 

Sir H. Plunkett on 8 2911 

W. B. Yeats on 3 x 

Ferguson's Speech on 

Robert Burns Ferguson . 3 1170 

.Fermov, an adventure 

at 7 2730 

' The Book of 5 1724 

Fern, The Mountain ... Geogheghan 4 1255 
Ferocity in Irish hu- 
mor 6 xi 

' Festologv of Aengus ' 7 2673 

1 of C a t h a 1 Ma- 

guire, The ' 7 2674 

Feudal tenure. The 7 2862 

Feuquieres, Marquisede 2 677 

Fewa Mountains in Ar- 
magh, The 2 639 

Fiacha Mac Hugh 

(O'Byrne) 2 636 

■ Son of Conga 4 1453 

Fianna, The. . 4 1447, 1524 ; 6 2231 ; 7 2755 
A fter the. From 

Oisin Sigerson . . 8 3139 


Fiction. All works of fiction, 
short stories, etc., are in- 
dexed under their titles and 
the authors' names. 

The Preternatural 

in Burton ... 2 404 

' Fictions of the Irish 

Celts, Legendary' ...Kennedy .. 5 1796 

1799, 1801, 1803 

Fielding. The humor of 3 873 

Fifteen th Century, 
Books of Courtesy in 

the Green .... 4 1417 

Figaro, The Novel in 

the O'Meara . . 7 2805 

Fight of the "Arm- 
strong " Privateer ..Roche .... 8 2961 

Fighting Race, The Clarke ... 2 598 

Files (Alias) in Ancient 

Ireland 2 xviii 

Fin. See Finn. 

Fineen the Rover Joyce .... 5 1743 

Finegas, the poet of the 

Boinn 4 1449 

Fingal, Lord, O'Connell 

on 7 2635, 2640 

Flnley, Michael. See 
note to Phaudrig Cro- 
Finn, The Coming of. . .Gregory . . 4 1447 

or F i o n n , mac 

Cumhail or Mac- 
Cool, Glory of 4 1524 

and his people 2 630 

and the Fena 5 1715 ; 7 2753 

and the Princess . . McCall ... 6 2117 

Banner of 2 594 

Cleft of 5 2052 

Horn of 2 591 

Influence of the le- 
gends of 8 2990 

Keen of 9 3642 

in the third Cycle 2 xii 

Mac Gorman, 

Bishop, of Kil- 

dare 4 1600 

or Ossianic cycle 2 629 

Finnachta and the Cler- 
ics O'Donovan . 7 2706 

Became Rich, Ho *i\ O'Donovan. 7 2708 

Finnerty, P., Grattan's 

speech on 7 xxiii 

Fintan Street 3 930 

Flonn Ghaill (Normans 

or English) 2 635 

Fionn's monument on 

Nephin 6 2231 

Fionnuala Milligan .. 6 2437 

From Armstrong. 1 25 

The Song of .... Moore 7 2534 

Firbolgs, The 7 2752; 9 x, 3482 

Buildings of the 8 2882 

Fire-Eaters, The Barrington. 1 141 

Fires, Druidical 7 2667 

' Fireside Stories of Ire- 
land, The ' Kennedy . . 5 17S9 

'Firing of Rome, Tfee'.CROLY .... 2 739 

First Boycott, The O'Brien ... 7 2611 

Irish newspaper 4 1258 

Lord Liftinant, 

The Trench ... 4 1233 

printed b.ook in 

Gaelic, Facsimile 

of 7 2741 

Sight of the Rocky 

Mountains Butler ... 2 415 


Irish Literature. 


First Step towards Home 

Rule, The Redmond . . 8 

Steps, The Blake . . . . 1 

Voyage, The Molloy ... 6 

Fisher Foik life 1 103, 114 ; 2 

4 1266, 1512; 5 

The Torino Gwynn ... 4 

Fisheries Bill, The Irish 6 

Fishing-curragh ' (half- 
tone engraving) 9 

Fitzgerald, Amby 1 

Fireeater ; Duel 

with Lord Nor- 

bury 1 

Lord Edward and 


Sir Boyle Roche 


Curran's speech 


Maurice (biogra- 

Translation from 

the Irish of . .. , 
Percy Hethering- 

4 1531 ; 9 

















TON 3 

Fitzpatrick, William 

John 3 

Fitzsimon, Mrs. Ellen 3 

Fitzwilliam (Lord), 

Character of 6 

recalled 8 

Five Ends of Erin, The 2 

Fixity of tenure, Isaac 

Butt on 2 

.T. II. McCarthy on C 

Flanders, Irish soldiers 
in the battle of 
Fontenov 3 823. 842 

Sarsfield at 7 2816 

The battle of 7 2830 

Flavell, Thomas (bi- 
ography) 10 4011 

The County of 

M nijo by 3 

Flecknoe, Richard 3 

Fleming, Colonel, slain 

at Drogheda 7 

' Flitters, Tatters, and 

the Counselor ' Hartley . . 4 

Flitting of the Fairies, 

The Barlow ... 1 

Flood, Sir Frederick 1 

I Ik.nky 3 

the first real Irish 

orator 7 

and Grattan 3 1210; 4 

and the Monks of 

the Screw 2 

Grattan on 7 

Opposed to Ameri- , 

can Liberty 

Philippic against. . GBATTAN 

Flood's Reply to Qrat- 

tan's Invective Flood .. 

Florida Gardens 

Flory Oantillon's Fu- 
neral Croker ... 2 

Flotow, Irish influence 

on 3 

Flower of the younji 

and fair FURLONG ... 3 

Flowers I Would Bring.Dm Vere .. 3 

Flying. Wings invented 

by Pockrich for 7 








2 ) 2 1 




72 I 


1 252 


2 629 

2 681 

2 695 

2 707 

2 714 

2 7 


Foley's, J. H., O'Connell 
monument (half- 
tone engraving) 7 2645 

Statue of Burke.. 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 1 397 

Statue of Grattan. 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 4 1384 

Folk and Fairy Tales, 
Irish Welsh ... 3 xvii 

Folk: Lore and Fairj- Tales. 

The Ban-Shee ...Allingham. 1 17 

The Fairies Allingham. 1 18 

The Leprecaun, or 

Fairy Shoemaker. Allingham. 1 20 

Flitting of the 

Fairies Barlow ... 1 116 

From Fionnuala. .Armstrong. 1 125 

To the Leanan 

Sidhe ..Boyd 1 258 

Ned Oeraghty's 

Luck Brougham. . 1 301 

The Story of Childe 

Charity Browne ... 1 314 

The Fairy Fiddler.CsESSoy; . . 2 592 

The Faery Fool. . .Chesson .. 2 593 

The Hospitality of 

Cuanna's House . Connellan . 

The Confessions of 

Tom Bourke . . . .Croker . . . 

The Soul Cages . . Croker . . . 

The Haunted Cel- 
lar Croker . . . 

Teigue of the Lee. Croker . . . 

Fairies or A'o Fair- 
ies Croker . . . 

Flory Cantillon's 

Funeral Croker ... 2 

The Banshee of the 

MacCarthys ....Croker ... 2 

— — The Brewery of 

Egg-Shells Croker ... 2 

The Story of the 

Little Bird .... Croker ... 2 
The Lord of Dun- 

kerron Croker ... 2 

Little Woman in 

Red, A Deeny .... 3 

Strange Indeed I ..Deeny .... 3 

Witt 0' The "tr/sp. Anonymous. 3 

Loughleagh Anonymous. 3 

Donald, and his 

Neighbors Anonymous. 3 1147 

Queen's Counlii 

Witch Anonymous. 3 1 150 

Rent-Day Anonymous. 3 1160 

The Only Son of 

Aoife Gregory . . 4 1426 

Conversion of King 


Daughters 3 1162 

Death of Cuehu- 

lain Gregory . . 4 1431 

Cael and Credhe. . Gregory .. 4 1445 

The Coming of 

Finn Gregory .. 4 1447 

Mountain Theol- 
ogy Gregory . . 4 1455 

Hard-Gum, Stronf/- 

flum, Swift- 

Foot. and the 

Eyeless Lad Hyde 4 1625 

Neil O'Carree .... Hyde 4 1638 

The Haas of the 

Lon<j Teeth Hyde 4 1642 




General Index. 



5 1789 



5 1801 
5 1803 
5 1866 


5 2046 

6 2117 

C 2313 




folk liore and Fairy Tales. 

■ Munacharand Man- 

achar Hyde 4 1647 

Oisin in Tirna- 

noge Joyce 5 1714 

The Voyage of the 

Sons of O'Corra. Joyce 5 1724 

Connla of the Gol- 
den Hair Joyce 5 

The Exploits of 

Curoi Joyce 5 

The Lazy Beauty 

and her Aunts . .Kennedy 

The Haughty Prin- 
cess Kennedy 

The Eihlarc Pooka. Kennedy 

The Witches' Ex- 
cursion Kennedy 

The Enchantment 

of Gearoidh /orZa.KENNEDY 

The Long Spoon . . Kennedy 

The Red Pony . . . Larminie 

The Nameless 

Story Lakminie 

The Changeling ..Lawless 

■ The Golden Spears.LEAMY . . 

King O'Toole and 

Saint Kevin . . . .Lover . . 

Mac Cumhail and 

the Princess . ..McCall . 

Jamie Freel and 

the Young Ladi/.MACLiNTOCK 6 2242 

Far Darrig in Don- 
egal MacLintock 6 2248 

Grace Connor . . . .MacLintock 6 

Daniel O'Rourke. .Maoinn . . . 

Fionnuala Milligan . 

Account of King 

Eoehaidh Airemh.O'CuTVRY . . . 

Finnachta and the 

Clerics O'Donovan. 

■ H o w Finnachta 

Became Rich . . .O'Donovan. 

The Battle of Alm- 

hain O'Donovan. 

-Queen Heave and 

her Hosts O'Grady . 

— — - The Burthen of 

Ossian O'Grady . 

— — - The Knighting of 

Cuculain O'Grady . 

The Cursing of 

Tara O'Grady . 

Caeilte's Lament.. O'Grady . 

The Lament of 

M a e v L eith- 

Dherg Rolleston 

■ The Demon Cat. . .Wilde . . . 

— The Home d 

Women , Wilde . . . 

The Priest's Soul Wilde ... 

Seanchan the Bard 

and the King of 

the Cats Wilde . . . 

The Black Lamb. .Wilde ... 

The Selfish Giant. Wilde ... 

The Devil Yeats . . . 

Enchanted Woods. Yeats ... 

Village Ghosts . . . Yeats . . . 

■ Miraculous Crea- 
tures Yeats . . . 

The Old Age of 

Queen Maeve . . .Yeats 9 3697 

A Faeru Sonq ...Yeats .... 9 3704 

The Hosting of 

the Sidhe Yeats 9 3707 

Folk Songs 10 3713 et seq. 

7 2667 
7 2706 
7 2708 
7 2709 
7 2746 
7 2752 
7 2756 



8 2975 

9 3557 

9 3558 
9 3561 


9 3584 
9 3673 
9 3679 
9 3673 

9 3678 


Folk Tales 10 3735 et seq. 

— — Collectors of 3 xxii 

Elements of the 8 2972 

' Irish ' Lakminie . . 5 1866 

Nature in 9 3658 

of Ireland, Fairy 

and Anonymous. 3 1136 

Fomor of the Blows 5 1717 

Fomorian Pirates, The 5 1746 

Fomorians, The 9 vii 

Fontenoy Davis 3 823 

The Brigade at. . .Dowling ..3 878 

Battle of (half- 
tone engraving) 3 880 

(reference) 2 599 

Father Antho- 
ny's father 

slain at 9 3445 

Food, Dress and Daily 
Life in Ancient Ire- 
land Joyce 5 1735 

' Fool and his Heart, 

The ' Connell . . 2 616 

Footing, Paying the 4 1482 

Foot-warmer, The 6 2233 

For, now returned from 

golden lands Greene ... 4 1424 

For thee I shall not die.HYDE 4 1656 

Forbuide 4 1430 

Foreclosure of mort- 
gage 8 3230 

Foreign languages in 

Greece 6 2332 

' Service, Eminent 

Irishmen in ' ... Onahan . . 7 2814 
Fore-Song to 'Mal- 

morda ' Clarke .... 2 596 

Forests of Erin, The 

Buried Milligan . . 6 2437 

Foretcord Welsh .... 1 xvil 

Forqing of the Anchor, 

The Ferguson . 3 1174 

Forrester, Mrs. El- 
len 3 1222 

Forsaken Todhunter. 9 3408 

Forts. Circular Stone 8 288? 

Crosses, and Round 

Towers of Ire- 
land W A K E m A N 

and Cooke. 9 3482 

' Forty-eight ' 7 2872 

Forus Feasa, The 10 3959 

Fosbery's. E.. portrait 

of Charles Welsh 9 viii 

Fosterage explained 1 35; 5 1739 

Found Out Bles sing- 
ton 1 200 

Founding of The Na- 
tion 3 950 

Fouquier-Tinville, Trial 

of 2 677 

Fountain of Tears, The. O'Shaugh- 

nessy ... 7 2845 
Four Courts, Dublin, 

The 8 3065 

' ducks on a pond '.Allingham. 1 15 

Masters. Annals of 

the (see also M. 

O'Clery) 2 629 

632. 635; 6 2232. 2353. 2377 
7 2663, 2674, 2705 ; lO 4018 

' things did Finn 

dislike ' (Irish 

Rann) Hyde 10 3839 

Fox, George 4 1224 

-Burke on 1 397 


Irish Literature. 


Fox on E. Burke 1 373 

Foxes, Superstitions 

about » 3680 

Fox-hunting 4 1490 

scene 1 176, 2..>4 

' Fox's Book of Martyrs ' 8 3060 

Foyle Lough 9 3428 

Origin of the 

name 6 2277 

The 3 1181 

Fovnes in June, 1895 7 2591 

France described in 

' The Traveller ' 4 1362 

On a Commercial 

Treatu with Flood 3 1219 

The Guillotine in. .Crokeu . . . 2- 676 

Francis, M. E See Mrs. Blun- 


1, of France 6 2340 

. Sir Philip 3 1226 

Franciscan College of 
Louvain. Irish 
manuscripts in 
the 7 2673 

Monasteries, Irish 1 32 

Franklin, Benjamin 7 2692 

Fraser's 21 a q a z in e , 

Founding of 6 2301 

Fredericksburg 6 2423 

Dec. 13, 1862, At. . .O'Reilly .. 7 2831 

Free sale of land (the 

' three F's ') 6 2179 

Speech 9 3551 

Trade in Ireland 9 3362 

Freedom of religious 
belief in Ireland, 
Carlyl.e on 3 952 

of the English peo- 
ple 4 1331 

Roman love of 2 747 

French Bulls 3 1057, 1059 

• Expedition of 1796 3414 

language banished 

by Canning from 
diplomatic corre- 
spondence 1 69 

on way to Castle- 
bar in 179.8, The 6 2229 

Revolution, The . . Barry .... 1 151 

■ Effect on Ire- 
land u x 

Effect of 9 3424 

■ Sir Boyle Roche 

on the 1 136 

■ the guillotine in 

the 2 607 

■ William Percy 3 1233 

Friar of Orders Orcu, 

The O'Keeffe . . 7 2778 

Friars' Servant Maid. 

The Doyle lO 3875 

Friend in Court, A 7 2793 

of n u 7n a n i t y 

and the Knife- 

Crindrr Canning .. 2 

From a Munster vale 

they brought her. Williams . 9 

a Form hii Teige 

Mar Dnire ITYPE 4 

.YVlLKINS ... 9 


■ Alma Mater to De 

Profundi* CONNBLL 

Portia w to Para- 
dise DOWNBX 

■ the foes of my 


the madding crowd. Hocue . 


, 8 









From ' The Return ' . . . Greene ... 4 

'Wendell Phillips '.O'Reilly .. 7 

what dripping cell.LE Fanc . . 5 

Froude, J. A., on Ire- 
land 8 

cited on the feudal 

land system 7 

1 F's, The three ' (fair 
rent, fixity of tenure, 

and free sale) 6 

Funeral. A Midnight ..Deeny ... 

Cursing at a 

— customs. Ancient.. 2 724, 559 
Flory Cantillon's 



Funerals " 9 

Furlong, Alice 3 

Mary 4 

Thomas 4 
















Gad, Mara, The M. Doyle 

Gael, The Passing of 
the Macmanus. . 6 

Gaelic, Effort to stamp 

out the 1 

English opposition 

to teaching 9 

book printed in 

Ireland, Facsim- 
ile of first 7 

' Ireland, Peasant 

Lore from ' .... Deeny. 3 845, 







language a key to 
Pre-Roman Euro- 
pean history 7 2616 

League, The Ef- 
fects of 8 

— Objects of 8 

— ■ Work of lO xxv, 

-Literature. Imag- 
ination and 
Art in * Rolleston. 8 

The Story of 

Early ' Hyde t> 

Movement, The . .Plinkett. . 8 

Revival. Justin 
McCarthy on 





W. B. Yeats on 3 



Gaelic Writers. 

Death of St. Col- 

umeille. The . . . Adamnan. . . 
Sorrowful Lament 

C A R T A N , 

Shbmus . 

Din e e n , 

Rev. Pat- 

for Ireland, A . 
Geoffrey Keating. 


rick S. .10 3959 

■ Friar's Servant 

Girl, The Doyle, 

James . .10 3875 

■ Tim the Smith ...Doyle, 

James . . 10 3887 
■Coolun, The Dugan,Mau- 

ricb 3 1188 

■County of Mayo, 

The Flavell, 

Thomas . 3 1224 

- Ode on his Ship. . Fitzgerald, 

Maurice. 1 280 

■ Cacilte's Lament 7 2766 

• Cavern, The IT a y e s , __ 

Thomas.. lO 3997 

- Echo, The Hayes, 

Thomas.. 10 3983 

General Index. 



Gaelic Writers. 

Twisting of the 

Rope, The Hyde, Doug- 
las 10 

Biography Keating, 

Geoffrey. lO 

Vision of Viands, 

The MacCon- 

4.NIAR ... 8 

Fair Hills of Eire, OMacCon- 

M A K A , 

Donogii . G 
'Tis not War we 

Want to Wage . . MaoDaikb, 

Teige ... 4 
Glaragh's Lament. MacDon- 


Biography MacE'orbes, 

Donald .10 








Kinkora Mac-Liag . . 6 

Deus Mens Maehsu .. 8 

Lament of the 
Mangaire SugachM aghath, 

Andrew.. 3508 
Ode on leaving Ire- 
land Nugent, 

Gerald . 3 930 
Bridget Cruise 


■ Gentle Brideen . .O'Carolan. . 
Grace Nugent .... O'Carolan. . 

■ Mary Maguire ...O'Carolan'.. 

• Mild Mahel Kelly .O'Carolan. . 

• O'M or e's Fair 

Daughter O'Carolan. . 

Peggy Browne . . . O'Carolan. . 

- Why, Liquor of 

Life? O'Carolan. . 2 

Biography 0'Clery,Mi- 

CHAEL .. .10 

■Love's Despair ...O'Curnan, 

DlARMAD. . 8 

East, West, Home's 

Best O'Farrelly, 

A 10 

• Thankfulness of 

Dermot, The . ..O'Leary, 

Patrick .10 

■ Seadna's Three 

Wishes O'Leaed, 

Fat her 
Peter . .10 

■ Lament, A O'Neachtan, 

John ... 2 
Maggy Ladir O'Neachtan, 

John ... 4 
-Shane the Pro ud. . O' Shea, P. J.10 
■After the Fianna.Oisix 8 

- In Tirnanoge .... Oisin 5 

Things Delightful. Oisin 8 

- How long has it 

been said Raftery 

- The Guis da pie. . . Raftery 

- Poem on Mary 

Hynes Raftery . . 

Jesukin St. Ita .... 

• Hymn Galled Saint 

Patrick's Breast- 
plate, The St. Patrick 

■ Lament Ward,Owen. 

■ Dawtitt j> of the 

Day, The Anonymous. 

• Description of the 

Sea Anonymous. 

■Dirge of O'Sulli- 

van Bear , Anonymous. 






















Gaelic Writers. 

Extract from the 

Life of Brigit. . .ANONYMOUS. 8 
Fair Hills of Ire- 
land, The Anonymous. 3 

Have You Been at 

Carrickt Anonymous. 

Hospitality of Cu- 

(inna's House. . .Anonymous. 2 
I Shall Not Die for 

Thee Anonymous. 4 

King Ailill's CeafftANONYMOUS. 8 

Lament of Maev 

Leith-Dherg ....Anonymous. 8 
Lament of O'Gnive, 

The Anonymous 

Little Child, I Call 

Thee Anonymous 

I A>re Ballad Anonymous 












Man Octipartite. .Anonymous. 8 

Murmurs of Love. Anonymous. 7 

O Were You on 

the Mountain*. .Anonymous. 4 1656 

Outlaw of Loch 

Lcne. The Anonymous. 1 141 

Pastheen Fion ...Anonymous. 3 1184 

Pearl of the White 

Breast Anonymous. 7 2886 

Roisin Duoh Anonymous. 4 1247 

She is my Love. .Anonymous. 4 1413 

Since We Should 

Part Anonymous. 4 1413 

W h ite Cockade, 

The Anonymous. 2 442 

Galang, The hero of 6 2370 

Galatians, The » 3549 

Gallo-Grecians 9 3549 

Galtees, The 6 2675 

Galtimore 5 1938 

Galway, A Letter from.MAXWELL .. 6 2412 

advantages of, for 

trading 7 2916 

Bay 2 575 

— — Duelling in 1 145 

Monastery in 1 31 

The Clearing of . .PrendergastS 2913 

The Man for . . . .Lever 5 1975 

Ganconagh described 3 xix 

Garden of God, The ..Kernahan. . 5 1S09 

Garmoyle 6 2113 

Garnavilla, Kate of ..Lysaght ... 6 2108 
Garnett, Sir R., on W. 

Maginn 6 2300 

Garrick, David. See A 
Goodly Company. 
as Hamlet in Dub- 
lin 5 1919 

Epitaph on Sterne 8 3211 

Goldsmith on 4 1346 

on Goldsmith 4 1380 

Stevens' retort on 8 3227 

Garristown. (See also 

Gavra) 5 1714 

Garrovagh, Scenery 

around 1 353 

Garry, King of Leinster 6 2118 

Garryowen Street Bal- 
lad 8 3283 

Gates of Dreamland. . .Russell .. 8 2997 
Ganger, Condy Cullen 

and the Carleton. . . 2 541 

Gauntlet, O'Keeffe fol- 
lowing his servant 

through a 7 2776 

Gavra, ancient name of 

Garristown 6 1714 

Gay, Utter by 4 1695 


Irish Literature. 

5 1801 


Gay Spanker, Ladt . . .Bouicicault 1 252 

Gearoidh Iarla, En- 
chantment of Kennedy 

Genealogy of Jesus 

Christ (color plate) 

Genevieve, The Story o/.Jameson 

Geniality of the Irish 


Genius of English is un- 

Irish 9 3421 

. the national 8 2990 

True 9 3377 







Genoa, Byron and the 

Blessinytons at Madden ... 6 22S6 

Cm tie Briileen. From 

the Irish Sigerson . . 8 

Gentleman, A Bkooke ... 1 

Gentleman in Black, 

The Goldsmith.. 4 

IVhat is a O'Donoghue 7 

of the Kingdom 

of Ireland, A . . . Keightley . 5 1774 
Gently >. • — gently ! — 

down 1 Darley ... 2 809 

Gentry and their Re- 
tainers, Trislt Barrington. 1 138 

Geoghegax, Arthur 

Gerald 4 1254 

George II. on the Irish 
soldiers of Louis 

XV 7 2815 

III. on Catholic 

emancipation 6 2163 

' Geith of Fen 

Court ' Riddell 

Geraldines, The C 2417 

Spoke Gaelic 

6e8ticulation 3 Italian. .Wiseman 

Ghosts 9 

• Village Yeats 9 

Giant, The Selfish ....Wilde 9 

8 2949 

8 ."."is 
7 2670 

9 3627 

Giant's Causeway, The « 2278 

Gilford, Countess of. See Lady Duffertn. 

Gifford, Karl of 3 932 

Gilbert. Lady (Rosa 

portrait 4 

M. F. Egan on 5 



1 257 

Sip. John T 4 

lachree' Griffin ... 4 

Giles, Henry 4 

Gillana-naomh O'Huid- 

rin 7 

Gil ray 1 he caricaturist 1 

Girl I Love, The CALLANAN .. 2 

of liunbiry. The.. Davis 3 

'of the rea-mouth 'MacDermottC 2191 

Gladstone and Home 

Rule » xi 

and Land Pur- 
chase 9 

and the National 

League 6 2164 

and t h e Great 

Home Rule De- 
le O'Connor .. 7 

on O'Connell 7 

on She!] 7 xwiii 

on Sheil's oratory 8 3055 

Gladstone's first resolu- 
tions « 2157, 2160 

—Home Rwle Bill. 

Redmond on 8 2929 

personality 7 2656 

policv for Ireland 6 2153 

triumph In 1868 6 2160 






Glance, A, at Ireland's 

History WELSH 9 vll 

Glastonbury Thorn, The 9 3366 

Gleeman and Actor, The 9 3681 

The Last Yeats 9 3683 

Gleeman's funeral, The 9 36S1 

Glen Dun, The Song o/\Skrine .... 8 3156 

Glennan, A Song of... Skrine .... 8 3157 

Glenarm 7 2551 

Glenasmole 5 1722 

Glendalough 5 211S 

(color plate) 5 Front 

A Legend of ....Lover 5 204d 

Glengall 5 1937 

Glengariff. See Daniel 


Glenmalure 2 636 ; 4 

Glen-na-Smoel Furlong .. 4 

Glenveigh 6 

Glimpse of his Country- 
House near Newport, 

A Berkeley.. . l 

Clin. The Knight of 4 

Olinsk , 1 

Glory of Ireland, The. .Meagher .. O 

Glossary lO 

Gloucester, Duchess of 1 

Lodge Bell 1 

Gluck and Pockrich's 

musical glasses 7 

Glyn-Nephin, old songs 

and traditions in 6 

" Glynnes " or valleys O 

Go not to the hills of 

Erin Shorter ... 7 

' Go where glory waits 

thee ' Moore. 7 2339. 

Gohbin cliffs 3 

God bless the gray 

mountains Duffy .... 3 

God save Ireland Sullivan. . . 9 

(reference) 8 

send us peace ....O'Reilly .. 7 

Godkiv B. I S 

on imagination ...... 4 

' Gods and Fighting 

Men ' Gregory ... 4 

Goethe, W. K. Magee on O 

Goibniu -t 

'Goidelica' > Stokes.... 8 

Goinsr to Mass by the 

Well Of God 9 

Gold f onud In Ulster O 

Gold, To Wilde .... 9 

' Golden Sorrow, A' . . . IIoey 4 

Spears, The Leamy .... (i 

Cold-mining in Montana 3 

Goldsmith, Oliver. 

(portrait) 4 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on 6 

on the musical 

glasses 7 

W. B. Yeats on the 

poetry of 3 

(See A Goodly 


4 1451, 



Gollam (Mllesias) 

cestor of the O's and 

the Mac'- 2 

Gomarlans, The • 

Gomheen lStn, The ..Stoker.... » 

Gomerus-Gallus £ 

Gonconer, The, described 3 

























General Index. 



Gone in the Wind Mangan ... O 2359 

' Gone io Deatn' Brooke ... 1 288 

Gonne, Miss Maud, ae 

an actress 10 xxl 

Good and Evil, Ideas 

of Yeats. 9 3654, 3661 

Good Luck to the Fri- 
ars of Old Lever 5 1958 

men and true ! in 

this house who 

dwell McBurney. . 6 2115 

people all, with 

one accord Goldsmith.. 4 1382 

Ship Castle Doirn. 

The McBurney. . « 2113 

Goodhi Company, A. .. .Moore 7 2468 

Gore House 1 193 

Gorey 6 2115 

Gort, County Galway 4 1455 

Gortaveha 4 1455 

Gosse, E., on Parnell's 

poems 7 2S74 

on Sir John Den- 
ham 3 

on Thomas Moore ' 


Gottingen, University of 4 

Gougane Barra (half- 
tone engraving) . . . .Callanan. . 2 439 

Goulbourn, Mr 7 2652 

Gounod on Mrs. Alex- 
ander 1 1 

Government. See Pol- 

by consent 9 3362 

newspaper, A 7 2639 

of Ireland under 

Henrv II 7 2741 

the Tudors 7 2741 

• Principles of '.. .O'Brien ... 7 2620 

" G. P. O." and W. M. 
Thackeray 8 xvi 

Grace Connor MacLixtock.G 2251 

Nugent. From the 

Irish Ferguson 

of the Heroes. See 

Grace O' Meal ley. 

O'Mealley 7 

Grade Og Machree. Casey .... 3 

Grady, Harry Deane . .O' Flanagan. 7 

duels with Coun- 
sellors O'Mahon 
and Campbell 1 

Grafton, To the Duke o/Francis .. . ! 

3 1186 





' Gra-gai-machree ' ...'. 8 3270 

Graham's, P. P., por- 
trait of G. Griffin 4 

4 Grammont, Memoirs of 

the Count de '.Hamilton .. 4 

Sir W. Scott on 4 

Grana O'Maille of the 

Fisles 7 

Uaile and Queen 

Elizabeth 7 

The Story of . ...Otway .... 7 




Granna Wail and Queen 

Elizabeth 10 4013 

Grand Jury Reform Bill, 

The 6 2176 

Match, The Skrine .. . 

Sarah See MacFall. 

8 3153 

Granee 6 2223 

' Grania ' Lawless ... 5 1877 

Grattan. Henry 4 13S4 

a master in ora- 
tory „., 6 xxviii 


Grattan and Catholic 

emancipation 6 2164 

and Curran con- 
trasted 7 xxil 

and Flood 3 1210 ; 4 13S4 

and Pitt 7 xv 

as a Monk of the 

Screw 2 797 

Duel with Chancel- 
lor Corry 1 142 

In recti re. Flood's 

R< iily to Flood 3 1212 

Lord Brougham on 6 2421 

Opposition of, to 

the Act of Union 6 2170 

Oratorical methods 

of 7 xi, xiii 

Oratory of 7 x, xi 

described 7 xx 

statute of (half- 
tone engraving) 4 1384 

■ tribute of, to Dr. 

Kirwah 7 xvil 

See The Irish 


Grarc. the Grave, TTjcMangan ... 6 2380 

Graves, Alfred Perce- 
val 4 1409 

on Sir Samuel Fer- 
guson's poetry 3 1169 

on J. S. Le Fanu 5 1927 

Dr 9 3521 

Early Christian, in 

Ireland 9 3484 

Gray, John, and Repeal 9 x 

in prison 3 811 ; 4 2128 

Fog, The Chesson . . 2 591 

gray is Abbey Asa- 
roe Allingham. 1 13 

the poet, on music- 
al glasses 7 2691 

Gray's portrait of W. 

Carleton 2 469 

G really, and Mullen, 
Sorrowful Lamenta- 
tion of Callaghan . Street Bal- 
lad 9 3316 

Great Breath, The . . . .Russell . . 8 3004 

Cri/ and Little 

Wool 7 2653 

Diamond is Ob- 

tained and Used. O'Brien ... 7 2594 

' Divide, The ' . . . Dunraven .. 3 963 

' Irish Struggle, 

The ' O'Connor . . 7 2656 

' Lone Land, The '.Butler ... 2 415 

Risk, A Hoey 4 1578 

Greece. Age of begin- 
ning education in 
ancient 6 2334 

Childhood in An- 
cient Mahaffy .. 6 2328 

' Greek Education ' O 2328 

families small 6 2332 

origin of Irish 

people. The 1 viil 

and Irish com- 
pared 4 12S5 

Green, in the wizard 

arms Todhunter. 9 3409 

Little Shamrock of 

Ireland, The ...Cherry ... 2 587 

J. R. on Steele 8 r,196 

Mrs. J. R 4 1417 


Greencastle 6 

Irish Lit. Vol. io— 



Irish Literature. 


Greene, George Ab- 

thub 4 1433 

on A. P. Graves' 

poetry 4 1410 

and the Rhymers' 

Club 5 1693 

on Jane Barlow's 

stories 1 98 

Gregory, Lady Adgdsta 

(portrait) 4 1426 

cited on ' The Lost 

Saint' 4 1650 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii 

on Home Rule 1 xvii 

on the drama in 

Ireland 10 xxvl 

W. B. Yeats on the 

translations ol 3 xiv 

work of, for Celtic 

literature 2 xvii 

The Curse of the 

Boers lO 3928 

The grief of a 

girl's heart 10 3933 

Grey of Macha, Cuchu- 

laln's warhorse 2 xvlll 

1 Greydrake, Geoffrey.' 

See Ettingsall. 

Gridiron, The Lover 5 2063 

Grief of a Girl's J/e«>t.GREGORY ...10 3933 
Griffin, Gerald (por- 
trait) 4 1464 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii 

Inherently Irish 1 xl 

' The Collegians ' 

his masterpiece 1 xl 

Grimpat 3 1097 

Gudrun and Ireland 4 viii 

Guernsey and Ireland 

compared 7 2865 

Guesses O'Donnell. 7 2687 

Gulccloli. The Countess 

of, and Byron 6 2288 

Guide to Ignorance, A. .Dowlinq .. 3 881 
Gulnev, L. I., on J. C. 

Mangan 6 2352 

Gulliver Among the 

Giants 9 3354 

■ the Pigmies ...Swift .... 9 3346 

'Gulliver's Travels' ..Swift. 9 3346, 3354 
Guillotine in France, 

The Croker ... 2 676 

Gulzot 1 1 53, 1 5 I 

Gull Mac Morna 4 1525. ir.L'6 

Gutter Children 4 1568 

' Guy Mannering.' Lord 
Derby's quotation 

from 6 2159 

Gwynn, Stephen (por- 
trait) 4 1512 

on the poetry of 

"A. E." 8 2987 

Gymnasium of Elo- 
quence, A 7 x 


Habeas Corpus Bill, The 4 1395 

Hacketstown G 2123 

Had I a heart for false- 
hood framed Shhbidan.. 8 3118 

Ha</s of the Long Teeth, 

The nYDB 4 1642 

Hail to our Celtic 

brethren M'Gee .... 6 226 

Hal Godfrey SeeMiss Eccles. 

_ „ . VOL. PAGB 

Half a league, half a 

league Tennyson... . 8 3014 

Half-Red Maeve of Lein- 

ster, The 7 2748 

Hall, Mrs. S. C 4 1533 

describes Lady 

Morgan 7 2 543 

M. F. Egan on 5 X v 

on Maria Edge- 
worth 3 995 

Mr. and Mrs., on 

wakes and keen- 

„ ing^ 9 3641 

Halpime, Charles Gba. 

ham 4 1539 

as a humorist 6 xv 

Hamilton, Count 4 1542 

Miss 4 1549 

Single Speech' 7 ix 

Sir John Stuart.. 1 129, 131 

Hampden's Fortune, 

Burke on 1 375 

Hand, John 7 3265 

' Handbook of Irish An- 
tiquities ' Wakeman 

and Cooke. 9 3482 

Handel In Dublin 5 1918 

Hand-wail of Ulster 4 1616 

Hannah Healy, the 

Pride of Howth . . . .Street Bal- 
lad 8 3284 

Happiness and Good Na- 
ture Goldsmith . 4 1345 

Happy the Wooing 
that's Xot Long a Do- 
ing Tyxan- 

Hinkson. 8 3439 

' Happy Prince and 

Other Tales, The '... Wilde 9 3584 

Harcourt, Sir (charac- 
ter in ' London Assur- 
ance ' ) 1 252 

Harcourt'o Ministry, 

Grattan on 4 1403 

Hardcastle (character 4 1352 

in ' She Stoops to 

Conquer ' ) 4 1352 

Hard-Gum. Strong-Ham, 
Swift-Foot and the 
Eyeless Lad Hyde 4 1625 

Hardiman on John Mac- 

Donnell 10 4013 

Hardiman's ' Irish Min- 
strelsy ' 4 1251 ; G 2230 

Hardy, Gathorne. on the 

Irish Church 6 2158 

' The Art of 

Thomas' Johnson ... 5 1694 

Hark ! a martial sound 

is heard Buggy .... 1 558 

'Hark! the vesper 

hymn ' Moore 7 2537 

Harleian MSS., The 

(color pinto) 8 Frorit 

' Harp that once through 

Tarn's halls. The '. . .MOORE .... 7 2535 

Harris. Walter, trans- 
lator of the Works of 
Sir James Ware 9 3544 

Harrison, Cosey 1 145 

' Harry Lorroqiier ' . . .LEVER .... 5 1979 

Hartley, Mrs. (May 

Laffan ) 4 1557 

M. F. Egan on g vii 

Harvard. Chap-books at s xxi 

Harvest Humn, The 
Irish Reaper's Keegan .... 5 1 1 65 

General Index. 



Has summer come with- 
out the rose O'Shaugh- 

nessy ... 7 2844 

Hastings (character in 
' She Stoops to 
Conquer ') 4 1349 

Warren,, Extract 

from ' The Im- 
peachment of '..Burke 1 383 

Sheridan's Speech 

on 1 

Meagher on 6 

Hats in Ireland 9 




Haughty Princess, The. Kennedy .. 5 
Haunch of Venison, TVieGoLDSMiTH . 4 
Haunted Cellar, The. . .Croker ... 3 
' Have you been at Car- 
rick f ' Walsh .... 9 

Garnavilla? . . .Lysaght . . 6 

Hawkesworth on ' The 

Arabian Nights ' 2 405 

Hayes, ' Ballads of Ire 

land ' 

Thomas (biogra 


5 1788 


The' Cavern, by lO 

The Echo, by 10 

Hazlett on George Far- 


on R. B. Sheridan. 



" He dies to-day." said 
the heartless judge. .Campion ... 2 

He found his work, but 

far behind Lecky .... 5 

He grasped his ponder- 
ous hammer Joyce 5 

He planted an oak.... Lecky .... 5 

'He said that he teas 

not our brother ' . . .Banim .... 1 

He that goes to bed, 

and goes to bed sober 3 

He that Is down is 
trampled (Irish prov- 
erb) 10 

Head-dress, Ancient 9 

Healings by Brigit 8 3251, 

Heardst thou over the 

Fortress Allingham. 1 

Heartiness of Irish hu- 
mor 6 

Heather, Among the. .. Allingham. 1 
Field, The ' Martyn . 

Hedge-school, The 1 34 ; 4 

Hedgehogs, Supersti- 
tions about 9 

Heine, H., on Ireland 8 

H clas Wilde .... 9 

Helen » 

' Hell-fire Club,' The 5 1916, 

Hemans, Mrs., A Keen 

by 9 

Henley. W. E., on Os- 
car Wilde 9 

Hennesys, The 3 

Henry II. and the con- 
quest of Ireland 9 

VII., Extract from 

a daily expense- 
book of « 2347 

VIII., Ireland un- 
der 7 2742 

King, declared 

head of Church 9 3390 

Policy of, to- 
ward Ireland 9 ix 

Patrick 6 2114 


















vol. page 

Henrys, Ireland under 

the 10 3845 

Her Majesty the King. Roche .... 8 2959 

Voice Wilde 9 3593 

Hercules, Pillars of 2 747 

Here is the road Macmanus.. 6 2273 

lies Nolly Gold- 
smith Gaurick ... 4 1380 

poor Ned Pur- 
don Goldsmith. 4 1383 

Heredity in the Sheri- 
dan family 8 3068 

Here's first the toast. . Furlong ... 4 1249 

to the maiden of 

bashful fifteen. .Sheridan .. 8 3117 

Hermann Kelstach, an 

ancient idol 7 2718 

* Hero, The Death of an 
Arctic ' ». .Alexander.. 1 10 

Herodotus, Keating the 

Irish 10 3065 

Heroes, National leg- 
endary 8 2990 

The Irish mythical, 

not represented 

in art 9 3665 

Heroic Cycle, The 2 xl 

Deception, An ...Gwynn .... 4 1512 

Heron on ' The Arabian 

Nights ' 3 406 

Herschel, Sir John, on 

evolution 5 1787 

'Herself Barlow ... 1 98 

and Myself McCall ... 6 2125 

' Hesperia ' Wildb 9 3596 

Hesperus and Phosphor, 

The Planet Venus ... Clarke ... 2 601 

Hi Fianna, The 6 2232 

Hibernian Tales, The 3 xx 

' Tales,' a Chap- 
book (fairy and 

folk lore) Anonymous. 4 1136 


Higgins, Matthew 

James 4 1572 

High Church Ritualists 
and Irish Roman- 
ists, Disraeli al- 
leges conspiracy 
between G 2158 

Kings of Ireland, 

The 2 xii 

upon the gallows 

tree Sullivan. . . 9 3339 

4 Historical Account of 
the Rise and 
Progress of the 
English Stage, 
An ' Malonb ... 6 2346 

Character of Na- 
poleon, An Petrie .... 8 2888 

' Essay on the 

Dress of the An. 
cient and Mod- 
ern Irish' Walker ... 9 349S 

Map of Ireland 9 3708 

Society, the foun- 
dation of Irish 
eloquence 7 x 


Women in Ireland 

in Penal Days. .Atkinson... 1 28 

Lynch law on Vin- 
egar Hill Banim .... 1 77 

A Nation's History.BvnKE .... 1 398 

Capture of Hugh 

Roe O'Donnell. .Connellan.. 2 632 


Irish Literature. 



Escape of Hugh 


Guillotine in 

France Crokeb ... 2 

Repealers in Pris- 

on and Out Daunt 3 

England in Shakes- 
peare's Youth. . .Dowden ... 3 
Books of Courtesy 

in the Fifteenth 

Century Green 4 

Scene in the Irish 

Famine Higgins ... 4 

Death of St. Co- 

lumcille Hyde 4 

Splendors of Torn. Hyde 4 

Food, Dress, and 

Daily Life in An- 

cient Ireland . . .Joyce B 

Scenes in the In- 

surrection of 1798Leadbeater. » 
Dublin in the Eigh- 
teenth Century. . Lecky B 

Beginnings of 

Home Rule McCarthy. . 

The Irish Church .McCarthy.. 

An Outline of Irish 

History McCarthy. 

The Early Stage . . Malone . . . 

Picture of Ulster .MacNevin . 

Irish in the ll'a/\ Maquirb ... 

Massacre at Drog- 

heda Murphy .. . 

Capture of Wolfe 

Tone O'Brien ... 

The First Boi/coft.O'BRiEN ... 

Gladstone and the 

Great Home Rule 

Delate O'Connor. . . 

Druids and Druid 

ism O'Curry ... 

Old Books of 

Erinn O'Curry .. . 

Idolatry of the 

Irish O' Flaherty 

Lia Fail ; or Ja- 
cob's Stone . . . .O'Flaherty 

Tried by his Peers.Q' Flanagan 

' Pacata Hibernla '.O'Grady ... 

Patrick Sarsfirld. 

Earl of Lucan . .Onahan ... 

Shane the Proud . .O'Shea . . . 

Story of Grana- 

uaile Otway .... 7 

Clearing of f;</h'vn/PiiENDERGAST8 










7 2567 














History of England ' . . Lecky B 

of Ireland, Criti- 
cal and Philo- 
sophical ' O'Grady . . 7 

A Literary ' . . Hyde 4 

1610, 1613, 
— as told in her 

Ruins ' Burke .... 1 

my Horse Sal- 

adin, The Browne ... 1 

of Our Own 

Times, A ' McCarthy 

of the City of 

Dublin' Gilbert ... 4 

of the Guillotine, 

The ' Croker ... 2 

of the Illustrious 

Women of Erin ' 1 

of the Lombards, 

Irish version of 

the 7 

Relation of myths 

and legends to 1 

' Two Centuries of 

Irish' Brycb 1 

Ilitehinson, Francis, 
duel with Lord 

Mountmorris 1 

Hobart, Major (dinner 

party) 1 

Hoche, General 9 

Hoey, Mrs. Cashel 4 

John Cashel 4 

Hogax, Michael 4 

M. P. 

Hartley . 














1 588 


Balaklava Russell 

Marriage of Flor- 
ence MacCarthy 
More Sadler ... 8 

Sarsfleld's Ride. .. Sullivan .. 9 

A Century of Sub- 
jection Taylor .... 9 3390 

Interviews with 

Buonaparte ....Tons 9 3418 

Origin of the Trish.W ativ 9 3547 

A dinner at Ire- 

land's History. ..WELSH .... 9 vil 

History and Biography 9 vii 

and Literature . .* 9 vil 

' Eishtv-Five Year? 

of Irish * Daunt 3 811 

•■ Lectures on Man- 
uscript Materials 
of Irish ' O'Currt ... 7 2670 

Not only a record 

of War 4 vil 

Hogarth, view of life 3 

Hold the Harvest Parnell .. . 7 

Holland, described in 

' The Traveller ' 4 1363 

nolmes, Oliver Wendell, 

on Moore 7 

Holy was good St. Jo- 
seph 10 

Well. The Dark 

Girl by the Keegan 





Holywood <> 

Home manufactures in 

Ireland 9 

Rwif t on !) 

market, O'Connell 

on the 7 2647 

Rule Association, 

The 9 xl 

Bill < the second) 

1S93 9 xi 

Debate, Glad- 
stone and the 

Great O'Connor . . 7 2656 

in Canada 6 2175 

in the Australa- 
sian colonies 6 2175 

Isle of Man G 2175 

United States 6 2176 

Gladstone and 9 xi 

Lady Gregory on 1 xvii 

■ Redmond on 8 2929 

Beginnings of. .McCarthy.. G 2174 

First Step to- „ „„„„ 

irards Richmond.. 8 2926 

vs. Local Self- 

Government 3 833 

Homeward Bound LOVER B 2024 

Honru Fair. The Rhys 8 2940 

Ilonev-sweet, sweet as 

honey Tynan- „.„,_,» 

Hinkson. 9 3467 

General Index. 



Honor of the Irish peo- 
ple 1 

Honor, An Affair of... Castle .... 2 
Hoods worn by Irish 

ladies 9 

'Hope, thou nurse of 

young desire ' BickerstaffI 

Hopper, Nora See Chesson. 

Horneck, Mary (The 

Jessamy Bride) 4 

Horned Women, The. . .Wilde 9 

Horse, St. Columcille's. ... 2 xvii ; 4 
Horse-dealing in Ire- 
land 8 

Horsemanship 8 

Horse racing in Ireland 8 

Hose, Gentlemen's 9 

in ancient times 7 

Hospitality 5 1724, 

In Ireland 1 29, 

of Cuanna's House, 

The. From the 

Irish Connellan . 2 

Host of the Air, The. . .Yeats 9 

Hostelries, Ancient 5 

Hosting of the Sidhe, 

The Yeats 9 

Hotel life in Ireland 8 

Hotels, Dr. Magee on 8 

' Hours of Exercise in 

the Alps ' Tyndall . . 9 

' House by the Church- 
yard, The ' Le Panu . . 5 

spirits described 3 

Household occupations 1 

Houses, Ancient, in Ire 

How Covetousness Came 
into the Church 
(folk song) .... Hyde ..... 10 

dimmed is the 

glory Callanan . . 2 

Finnachta Became 

Rich O'Donovan.. 7 

— — happy is the sail- 
or's life Bickekstaff 1 

Ireland Lost Her 

Parliament . . . .McCarthy.. 6 

' Irish Litera- 
ti-re ' was made 2 

— — Justiy alarmed is 

each Dublin cit.LYSAGHT. . . 6 

' Long Has it Been 

Said ' Raftery .. . 10 

Mules Murphy got 

his routes out of 

the Pound Griffin 

— sad is my case: 

Irish Rann .... Hyde . . 

shall we bury him ? Alexander. 
the Anglo-Irish 
Problem Could be 

Solved Davitt .... 3 

to Become a Poe*. Fahy 3 

— get on in the 

World Macklin ... 6 

— go vern Ireland . De Verb ... 3 












4 1613 


4 1483 

. 1 

Howth and Killiney 6 

scenery around 7 

Hudden, Dudden. and 

Donald 3 xxi, 

Hugh O'Neill 4 

Roe O'Donnell, 

Capture of ...Connellan. 2 

■ The Escape of. .Connellan. 2 








Hughes, Joseph 1 

Huguenot influence on 

Irish dress 9 

Hull, Eleanor 4 

— — Work of, for Celtic 

literature 2 

Humor, American 1 

Conviviality In 6 

Ferocity in 6 

Greek and Irish, 

compared 1 

Heartiness of Irish 6 

Imaginative char- 
acter of Irish 6 

in Iceland 3 

In Anglo-Irish lit- 
erature 6 xii. 

Irish 3 

— sense of 

— wit and, D. J. 

O'Donoghue on. 
Merriment in .... 




Theories of 6 

of Shakespeare, 

The Dowden ... 3 

Pathos of 6 

Political 6 



Prevalence of 
— Sou rces of 

See The Sunniness 

of Irish Life. 

Humorists, The Irish. 
See Irish Wit and 
Humor, D. J. O'Don- 

Humorous Poems. 

The French Revo- 
lution Barry . 

Friend of Human- 
ity and the 
Knife-Grinder . . .Canning 

Song Canning 

The Sprig of Shil- 
lelagh Code 2 

M o n k s of the 

Screw Curran . . . 

Bumpers, Squire 

Jones Dawson . . . 

Katey's Letter ...Dcfferin .. 

Elegy on Madam 

Blaize Goldsmith. 

Extracts from ' Re- 
taliation ' Goldsmith. 

Haunch of Veni- 
son Goldsmith . 

Father O'Flynn ..Graves ... 

Paddy MacCarthy . Hogan .... 

An Irish Thing in 

Rhyme Keeling . . 

Why Are You 

Wandering i7ere?KENNEY . .. 

Good Luck to the 

Friars of Old. . . Lever .... 

The Man for Gal- 

" way Lever 

Larry McIIale . . . Lever 

The Pope He Leads 

a Happy Life . . Lever 

The Widow Ma- 
lone Lever 

Barney O'Hea ...Lover 

I'm Not Myself at 

All Lover 

The Low-Backed 

Car Lover 

Molly Careto .... Lover 



















i 151 

































Irish Literature. 








Humorous Poems. 

/ion/ O'Mcre .... Lover .... 

Trte W h is t I in' 

Thief Lover .... 

Widow Machree . .Lover .... 

A Prospect Lysaght . . 

Herself and My- 
self McCall . . . 

Groves of Blame i/.Milliken . 

Orator Puff Moore 

Humors of Donny- 

brook Fair O'Flaherty 

Friar of Orders 

Gray O'Keeffe . 

Curse of Doneraile,Q'KELLY . . 

The V-A-S-E Roche 

Kitty of Coleraine Shanly ... 

The Legend of 

Stiffenbach ....Williams . 

Brian O'Linn . . . .Anonymous. 

Garryowen Anonymous. 

Lanigan's Ball ...Anonymous. 

Johnny, I Hardly 

Knew Ye Anonymous. 

Humorous and Sa- 
tirical Prose. 

Modem Medieval- 
ism Barrett . . 

Montmorenei anel 

Cherubina Barrett . . 

The Seven Baro- 
nets Barrington. 

The Cow Charmer. Boyle .... 

The Rival Swains. Bullock . . 

Burke, Wise and 

Witty Sayings of 

Candy Cnllcn and 

the Oauger ....Carleton . 

B i d d y Brady's 

Banshee Casey 

An A ff air of HonorC&STLE .... 

A Blast Crotty . . . 

C u r r a n' s Witti- 
cisms, Some of 

Guide to TgnoranceifowLixa . . 

On Dublin Castle. Dowling .. 

Portion- to Para- 
dise Downey ... 

King John and the 

^^<nlor Downey ... 

Raleigh in Mun- 

ater Downey ... 

An Icelandic Din- 
ner Duffeiun 

Originality of Dish 

Bulls Examined . EDGBWOimi. 

Darby Doyle's Voy- 
age to Quebec. . Fttinosall. 

Hou- to Become a 

Poet Faiiy 3 

First Lord Liftin- 

ent French . . 

Advice to the La- 
dies Goldsmith 

Beau Tibbs Goldsmith 

Love of Freaks. . .Goldsmith 

Love of Quack 

Medicines GOLDSMITH. 4 

'We'll See About 

It' TTall 4 

An Extraordinary 

Phenomenon ...Irwin .... B 

rort and Publish- 
er Johnstone. 5 

Ah Irish Thing in 

Prose Keeling . . 5 

6 2084 



7 2713 



8 3290 

1 120 

1 123 


















1 669 




Hnmorous Prose. 

The Thrush and 

the Blackbird . . Kickham .. 5 1824 

The Quare Gander.L,E Fanu .. 5 1920 

Dinner Party 

Broken Up Lever .... 5 1972 

Major Bob Ma- 

hon's HospitalityLEVER .... 5 1964 
Monks of the 

Screw Lever .... 5 1953 

Mi/ First Day in 

Trinity Lever 5 1986 

If jy Last Night in 

Trinity Lever 5 1990 

Othello at Drill. . .Lever 5 1979 

Bamy O'Reirdon. .Lover .... 5 2008 

The Gridiron .... Lover .... 5 2063 

King O'Toole and 

St. Kevin Lover 5 2046 

New Potatoes . . . .Lover .... 6 2071 

Paddy the Piper. .Lover .... 5 2055 

Fionn MacCumhail 

and the PrincessMeC.\i.ij ... 6 2117 

Nathaniel P. GrampMcCARTBiY . . 6 2134 

L o ve-Making 

in Ireland MacDonagh 6 2193 

Jim Walsh's Tin . , 

Box Macintosh. 6 2233 

Macklin, Anecdotes 

of O 2241 

Why T'omas Dubh 

Walked Macmanus. . O 2254 

O'C o nn ell and 

Biddy Moriarty. Madden ... « 2281 

Bob Burke's DhcJ.Maginn ... O 2303 

Daniel O'Rourke. .Maginn ... « 2313 

Rogueries of Tom 

Moore Mahony . . C 2337 

The Captain's 

Story Maxwell . . 6 2400 

A Letter from Gal- 
tray Maxwell .. C 2412 

Loan of a Congre- 
gation Maxwell .. 6 2411 

.1 Goodly Com- 
pany Moore .... 7 2468 

O'Rory Converses 

with the Qual- 
ity Morgan ... 7 2549 

O' Council, Some 

Anecdotes of 7 2051 

Paddy Fret, the 

Priest's Boy 0*Donnei.l.. 7 2678 

Father O'Leary, 

Inecdotes of 7 2793 

Her Ma jest]/ the 

King Roche 8 2959 

Sheridan. Bons 

Mots <>f 8 3119 

TAsheen Races, 

Second-Hand . . . Somhkvillb. « 3166 

Trinket's Colt . . ■ Somervii.le. 8 3182 

Sterne, Some Bons 

Mots of 8 3227 

Widow Wadman's 

Eye Sterne « 3211 

Rackrentera on the 

Stump Sullivan .. 9 3333 

Gulliver among 

the Giants Swift » 3354 

Gulliver among «»<*•»«« 

the Pigmiea Swift f> 3316 

'Humors of Donecal ' .MACMANUS. O 22,>4 

ofDonn y hrook Fair, O'Flaherty. 7 2713 

Humphrey attacked by 

Lord Santry * «>'* 

General Index.' 



Hunchback Quasimodo, 

Hugo's description of «> ^£4d 

Hunt, The Lever .... & 1995 

Hunting, Irish love of 8 xni 

Hunting Song 4 1490 

Tom Moody Cherry ... 3 588 

Huntsman, The Death 

of the Griffin ... 4 1489 

Hush ! hear you how 

the night wind Street Bal- 

lad .... 8 3295 
Hutchinson, Hely, duel 

with Doyle 1 143 

Huxley, Professor T. H., 
on the origin of 

life 4 1785 

on Bishop Berke- 
ley .... 1 1734 

Huzza for McDonnell, 

Dunluce is our own 7 2856 

Hy-Brasail; The Isle of 
'the Blest (see also 

I-Breasil) 4 1510 

Hyde, Douglas (por- „^„ 

trait) 4 1603 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii 

on antiquity of 

Irish litera- 
ture 3 xvii 

early Irish lit- 
erature 2 vii 

Kennedy's col- 
lection of folk 

tales 5 1789 

Eugene O'Curry 7 2663 

J. O'Donovanand 

' The Annals 
of the Four 

Masters* 7 2705 

Mrs. Clement 

Shorter's verse 8 3126 

Dr. Sigerson's 

poetry 8 3132 

The plays of 10 xni 

The Twisting of „ „„ 

the Rope lO 3989 

Work of, for Cel- 
tic literature 2 xviil 

■ W. B. Yeats on 

translations of 3 xlv 

Hy-Many, Connacht 7 2762 

• The Tribes and 

Customs of 7 2705 

Hymn Before Tarah, St. 
Patrick's. From 

the Irish Mangan ... 6 2360 

Called St. Pat- 
rick's Breast- „ „„ 

plate, The Stokes ... 8 3244 

' to Contentment,' 

From Parnell .. 7 2876 


There is a Oreen 

Hill Far A tea y.. Alexander. 1 3 

■ Litany Monsell . . 7 2465 

Soon and Forever. Monsell .. 7 2466 

Sound the Loud 

Timbrel Moore 7 2537 

Th is World is A 11 

a Fleeting S/joio.Moore .... 7 2538 

. Thou Art, God. Moore 7 2538 

Hynes, Mary, and Raf- 

tery " obb7 

Hyperbole in Irish lit- 
erature 2 xili 

'Hypocrite, The' Bickerstaff 1 182 

'• von. pagh 

am a friar of orders 

gray O'Keeffe ._ 7 2778 

a wand'ring min- 

strel man Walsh ... 9 3o03 

desolate Sigerson .. 8 3137 

God's Martin ' 

(Irish Rann)..HYDE 10 3841 

■ the tender voice.RussELL . . 8 2999 

bind myself to day 

to a strong vir- „ „„ , 

tue Stokes ... 8 3244 

do not love thee!'. Norton ... 7 2589 

drink to the 

Graces, Law, 

Physic, Divinity. Lever .... 5 1993 
found in Innisfail 

the fair Mangan . .. 6 2375 

give my heart to 

thee' O'Grady ... 7 2760 

go to knit two 

clans together . . De Veke . . 3 860 
grieve when I 

think Hogan 5 1593 

groan as I put ouLTynan- 

Hinkson. 9 3458 
hate a castle on 

bog land built' 

(Irish Rann) ..Hyde lO 3839 

hate poor hounds 

about a house ' 

(Irish Rann) ..Hyde 10 3839 

heard a distant 

clarion blare.. Armstrong. 1 25 

the dogs howl in 

the moonlight 

night Allingham. 1 21 

hope and pray 

that none may 

kill me ' Hyde 10 3833 

knew by the 

smoke ' Moore .... 7 2529 

-know a lake O'Brien ... 7 2602 

a maiden ; she is 

dark and fair.O'DONNELL. 7 2687 
what will hap- 
pen, sweet ....Sullivan... 9 3340 

who won the 

peace of God.. Stokes ... 8 3261 

left two lovers . . .M'Gee 7 2224 

love you, and 1 

love you Furlong . . 4 1242 

loved a love — a 

royal love Leamy .... 5 1910 

made another gar- 
den, yea O'Shaugh- 

nessy ... 7 2844 
met an ould cail- 

lach Skrine ... 8 3152 

1 Mind not being 

drunk, but then' 

(Irish Rann) ..Hyde 10 3833 

placed the silver 

in her palm Carey 2 573 

said my pleasure.. Russell .. S 3001 

sat within the val- 
ley green Joyce 5 1746 

saw the Master of 

the Sun De Vere . . 3 853 

sell the best brandy ' 

and sherry Magrath ..10 4016 

shall not die for 

love of thee.. . Graves ... 4 1414 

Die for Thee. . . Hyde ..... 4 1656 

sit beside my dar- „_„„ 

ling's grave ...,0'Leary ... < 2796 


Irish Literature. 


I tell you an ancient 

story GWYNN ... 4 1523 

thank the. goodness 

and the grace 4 1G10 

walked in the lone- 
some evening . ..Allingham. 1 14 

want no lectures 

from a learned 

master Griffin ... 4 1382 

watched last night 

the rising moon.. Kenealy .. 5 1788 

wear a shamrock 

in my heart . . . .Gilbert ... 4 1279 

will arise and go 

now Yeats .... 3707 

would I were on 

yonder hill Street Bal- 
lad 9 3315 

I-Rreasil (see also Ily- 

Brasail) Macmanus. . 6 2208 

Ibsen and the Irish 

drama 10 xx 

Iceland, Manners and 

customs in 3 943 

Icelandic Dinner, An. . .Dufferin . 3 942 
Icilius. the Roman lover 

of Virginia 5 1850 

I'd rock my own sweet 

ehildie Graves .... 4 1411 

wed you without 

herds 3 1181 

'Ideals in Ireland '.... Russell .. 8 2989 
' Ideas of Good and 

Evil ' Yeats. 9 3054, 3001 

Idler in France, The. . . Blessing- 
ton 1 212 

Idolatry of the Irish. .O'Flaherty. 7 2718 
If I had thought thou 

couldsthave died.WOLFE .... 9 3034 

I'm the Faery fool. 

Dalua Ciiesson .. 2 593 

sadly thinking, 

with spirits sink- 
ing Curran ... 2 790 

you go over desert 

and mountain. O'Sn aug it- 

nessy ... 7 2845 

' hope to teach, 

yon must he n 
fool ' (Irish 

Rann) Hyde 10 3833 

s e a r o h e d the 

county o' Car 

low M'Call ... O 2122 

would like to see Faiiy 3 1132 

' Timorant Essays' . ...DOWLINQ .. 3 KM 

Ikf-rrin 3 859 

Ubrec, son of Manan- 

nan 4 1449 

Illicit distilling 1 40; 2 541; 4 1456 

Illuminated MSS., An- 
cient Irish /... 2 xx 

ornaments and Ini 

tials (color plate).... 4 1020; 8 Front 

9 Front 
I'm a ho'd undaunted 

Irishman Street Bal- 
lad 8 3275 

left all alone llkp 

a stonp Graves .... 4 1414 

Jfol Myself ot AH.LOVDB C 2083 

Kittin' on the stile 

Mary Dufff.rin . 3 933 

up and down nnd 

round about .... Swift .... 9 3389 
very happy wh<r' 
I am Bouctcadlt. 1 257 


Imaal, The crags of 6 2207 

Image of beauty, when I Russell . 8 3000 
Imageries of dreams re- 
veal Johnson . . 4 1699 

' Imagination and Art 

In Gaelic Litera- 
ture ' Rolleston . . 8 

Scientific Limit of 

the Tyndall . . 

Scientific use of 

the l 

Imaginative character 

of Irish wit 6 

element in the 

Irish character 4 

Imogen, Shakespeare's 

love of 3 

' Impeachment of War- 
ren Hastings ' Burke .... 1 

Imperatrix, Ave Wilde .... 9 

Imports and exports, 

Irish 9 

Impressionism 9 

Imtheacht na Trornd- 

haiinhe, The 2 

In a quiet watered land. Rolleston . 8 

a slumber visional. SlGEBSON .. 8 

Defense of Charles 

Qavan Duffy ...Whiteside. 9 3550 
Egypt's land, con. 

taglous to the 


Exile, A ustralia . . Orr 

France they called 

them Trouba- 
dours Lover .... 

Ireland 't Is even- 
ing Orr 

Pulchram Lactl 

feram Mahont 

* a i ji t Patrick's 

Ward Blundell . 

September Todiiunter. 

Siberia's wastes. .Mangan . . . 

the airy whirling 

wheel Ror.r.F.STON. 

The Enfjine-Shed. . Wilkins .. 

' the (Kites of the 

Vorth ' O'Grady . . 

the gloomy ocean 

bed Roche .... 

the gold vale of 

Limerick Street Bal 


the heart of a 

German forest. ..Rolleston. 
the heart of high 

blue hills Furlong .. 

' the Kingdom of 

Kerry ' CROKER . . . 

the town of Athy 

one Jeremy Lanl- 

gan Street Bal 


the Valley of 

Khanganagh . . .Martlet . . 
the wet dusk sil- 
ver sweet Russell . . 8 3003 

' Thoughtland and 

Dreamland ' . . .Keeling 























« 2382 





yonder well there 

lurks a spell Mahonv 2 

Inchegelagh 3 

Inchy 4 





General Index. 


Income-Tax. Speech in 
Opposition to Pitfe 
First Sheridan . . 8 

Independence, Declara- 
tion of American 4 

India. See \V u r c e n 

cruelties in l 

Indian Chief, Capture 

of an Ueid 8 

VOL, l'.w i. 

Tale, An 

India's diadems 7 

Individual ownership 

of land 7 

Individuality of Irish 

literature 2 

Indo-European family, 

Irish part of an 8 

Industries, Irish 9 

Infanticide in ancient 

Greece O 

Influence of Irish learn- 
ing and art 4 

' the Irish Lan- 
guage, The ' ..O'Brien . .. '< 
Inhiam. John Kells 




20;? 5 










Inheritance Russell . . 8 

Inis Fail, the Isle of 

Destiny 2 -143; 5 

Iulsfail CS 

Aldfrld's Itinerary 

in O 

See Ode urittcn on 

Leaving inland 

and Wans of 


Inlsfnllen 5 1S75 

Klllarney (half- 

tone engraving) 

— ruined abbey at 

The beauty of 

254 3 


Inismore, The Prince o/.Morgan 

Injustice of Disqtialifl- 
cation of Catholics, 
Of the Gbattan .. 4 1405 

Innisboffln, Island of 4 1200 

Innisearra Buokley .. 1 351 

Innlsdoyle 2 758 

Innisfrcc, Tlic Lake Isle 

of Yeats 9 3707 

Tnnishowen Duffy .... 3 961 

Innlstull 2 032 

limy (river), The ^ 573. 

1 ascription ALEXANDER. 1 8 

Inscriptions (Fetrle's 

Christian cited) 1> 3684 

Insularity of the Creeks 2332 

Insurrection of Tyrone 

and Desmond. The 7 2802 

Intellectual achievement 

and moral force O 24GS 

awaken lug caused 

by The Nation © xj 

Intermarriage of Irish 
and English prohib- 
ited 9 lx 

Interpretation of Lite- 
rature. The Dowdbn ... 3 866 

' Interview between Flon 
Ma Cnhhall and Can- 
nan ' 9 3494 

Interviews with Buona- 
parte Tone 9 8418 

Into the Twilight Yeats 9 3705 


Invasion. The Danish 9 

Invasions, caused dis- 
persion OI MSS 7 

of Ireland !> 

Inter 3au. My Mac-mam s. 


lona. The Abbacy of 

Ioua's ruined cloisters. 

Iota See Caffyn 

Ireland Gwynn 

' A Literary History 

of Hyde 4 

loio. to it;. 

A Sorrowful La- 
ment for Gregory .. 4 1459 

1 Ancient Legends 

of ' . Wilde 



101 S 


. . 9 

and the Arts ....Vims .... 5> 

-Annals of' O'DONOVAN. 7 


Antiquity of 1 


- Cromwell in '. . . .Mubphy 

Fair Jlills of .... Fbkqi soh 
(.'. Dress and 
Daily Life in An- 
cient Joyce .... 5 

- her own or the 

world in a blase 8 

- Historic and Pic- 

turesque' Iohnston . f» 

TIoic to Govern... Da Yi:i;r. ... 3 

- in VttO. Essay on 

the state of. . . .Tone 9 

-in 7727. .1 Short 

View of Swift .... 9 

- in 1198j The State 

of Tone 9 

- In Penal Days, 

Women in Atkinson . 1 

■ in Slimmer (half- 
tone engraving) 5 

- In the New Cen- 

tury ' Plunkett . 8 

- in the Fast Gen- 

eration. Revela- 
tions of' Madden ... O 

• Jo n n . A i: c li - 

BISHOP (portrait) 5 

■Justice for O'Connell.. 7 

- i etters on the 

State of* Doyle 55 

i making in . . . MacDonagb <! 

Meeting. A Young . MacCaBTHY. G 

\« Snakes in O'Kbbffb .. ~ 

Of His Hay. The '.FUBGOSON . 3 
■oh Ireland ! cen- 
ter of my long- 
ings Gwynn .... 4 

On the Policy for. Meagher . . <► 
- st. Patrick, Apos- 
tle of Todd O 

Sixty Years Ago '.Walsh .... 9 

Sketches in ' Or way 7 





1 702 

3 1 1 5 

3 t 2 1 






2 1 80 

1 532 

2 115 



-The Cromwellian 

Settlement of '. . F n endeb- 
The Cloru of ....Meagher .; 
-The National Mu- 
sic of ' Burke .... 

The Northmen in. .Stokes ... 
The Pillar Totccrs 


-The Story of ', . . Sullivan .. 






Irish Literature. 


' Ireland, The Whole 
Works of Sir 
James Ware Con- 
cerning ' Ware 9 3544 

3546, 3547 

To Wilde 9 3573 

1 Traces of the El- 
der Faiths of '. . Wood-Mae- 
tin 9 3640 

Visible and Invisi- 
ble Johnston . 5 1702 

N. B. The foregoing are the titles 
in which the word " Ireland " oc- 
curs : to index all references to 
Ireland would have taken too 
much space and is scarcely nec- 
' Ireland's Cause in Eng- 
land's Parlia- 
ment ' McCarthy.. 6 2161 

Influence on Euro- 
pean literature. . Sigerson ..4 vii 

Part in English 

Achievement . ...Sheil 8 3057 

Wrongs, Carlyle 

on 3 951 

Olkyrn See Milligan. 

A Plea for the 

Study of O'Brien ... 7 2614 

Antiquities, Hand 

bOOk Of W A K E M A N 

and Cooke. 9 3482 
As a Spoken Lan- 

guage Hyde 4 

Astronomy Halpine .. 4 

Bar, The ' O'Flanagan. 7 


Bear, An 7 

Borough Franchise 

Bill, The 6 

Bulls Examined, 

Originality of. .Edgewortii. 3 
' Celts', Legendary 

Fictions of the '.Kennedy . . 5 
1700, 1801. 

• Chiefs, The Duffy 3 

■ Church, The McCarthy.. O 

■ Confederation, The O 

■ contingent of 

Louis XV., The 7 

■ Cry, The Wilson ... 9 

Doomsday Book, 7 

■ Press of the An- 

cient Walker ... 

• Ecclesiastical Re- 

mains. Ancient. . Petrie .... 
-Emiarant in Amer- 
ica, Song of 
the FlTZSIMON. . 

— Lament of the. Dufferin . 
■Exile, The MacDeh- 

mott . . . 

- Fairn and Polk 

Talcs Welsh . . . 

Tales ' Leamy .... 

-Famine, A Scene 

in the niaoiNS . . 












6 21S0 

1 899 

Farmer in Contem- 
p 1 a t i o n , The 

(color plate) 1 

-Felon. The' Lalor .... 5 

Fisheries Bill, The « 

-Folk Tales' ....Larminie . 5 
See Irish Fairy 
■Qentru and their 

Petainera Barrington. l 

4 1573 





Irish Grandmother, The.STREET Bal- 
lad 8 

' History, An Out- 
line of McCarthy. . 6 

Years of ' 


.Daunt .. 

Lectures on 

Manu script 
Materials of..O'CuRRY 
House of Com- 
mons, October, 

1783 4 

' Ideas' O'Brien ... 7 

' Idylls' Barlow . .. 1 

' in America, The '.Maguire . . 6 

in America, The. .O'Brien ... 7 

in the War, The. .Maguire .. 6 

Intellect, The ... .Giles .... 4 

— — Land Bill of 1876 6 

Language of the 

Ancient Ware 9 

prohibited 9 





7 2670 




— Life. The Sunniness 


Literature, Charac- 
teristics of . . , 

— wrongly classed 

as English 2 

— Continuity of 2 

— England's i n - 

debtedness to 2 

— Individuality of 2 

— National spirit 

in 2 

— Racial flavor of 2 

8 vll 

2 xviil 




(special article). McCarthy. I 
Love Song, An ...Furlong .. 4 

Lullaby Graves ... 4 

Manuscripts. (See 

Ancient Irish 


- Melodies.' Moore's 6 2337 

- Ministrelsy, Ilard- 

Iman's . '. 4 1251 

-Misdeeds, English 

Misrule and ' . . . De Yere . . 3 854 

■ Mistake, An Read S 2018 

■ Molhi O Fahy 3 1133 

Molhi O Street Bal- 
lad 8 32S8 

- Municipal Fran- 

chise Bill, The 6 2176 

- Privileges Bill 6 2176 

■ Music Petrie .... 1 401 

8 2885 

■ Musical G cni u s. 

An O'Donoghue 7 2600 

■ Novels Egan 5 vil 

■Parliament. Inde- 
pendence of 9 x 

- Speech in 3 1212. 1217 

■ Patriot. The Ambi- 

tion of the Phillips .. 8 2892 

■Peasant to liis 

Unstress, 77ie.M00RE .... 7 2536 

- Justin McCarthy 

on Moore's O 2148 

- People and the 

Irish Land. 

The' Butt 2 427 

- not represented 

by tho Irish 

Parliament 6 2162 

- Prose ' 10 3959 

■ question an Ameri- 

can question 9 3329 

General Index. 


itis'ii railways, The bill 

for purchase of G 

Rapparees, The. . .Duffy .... 3 

Reaper's Harvest 

Hymn, The ....Keegan ... 5 

Registration of 

Voters Bill, The 6 

Riahts, Declara- 
tion of Geattan . . 4 

■ Romanists and Rit- 
ualists, Disraeli 
alleges conspir- 
acy between 6 

* scholars in Europe . 9 

School of Oratory, 

The Taylor ... 7 

* Sketch Book,' 

(quoted) 3 

* Spinning Wheel, 

The Graves ... 4 

> State Church, 

Gladstone on « 

Surnames of the 

Ancient Ware 9 

. Idolatry of the . .O'Flaherty. 7 

■ The Origin of the. Ware 4 

' Thing in Prose, -Ih.Keeling . . 5 

-in Rhyme, Are.. Keeling .. 5 

• Wit and Humor. ,,0'Dono- 

ghde ... 6 
Wits and Wor- 
thies ' PlTZPATRICK 3 

• Literature/ Ob- 
jects of, defined 1 

See N. B. at end of Ireland, ante. 


Irish-Australians 7 

Irishman, The Orr 7 

Irishman's Farewell to 

his Country Street Bal- 
lad .... 8 

Irishmen as Rulers, On. Dufferin . 3 

' in Foreign Ser- 
vice, Eminent '. . Onahan ... 7 

Irreverent Milton ! bold 

I deem Mullaney . 7 

Irony. See Humor. 

of Dean Swift 6 

Irwin, Thomas Caul- 
field 6 

Is he then gone? Brooke . 

«■ it thus : O Shame. . Savage . . 

thy will that 1 

should wax 

and wane .... Wilde . . 

there one desires 

to hear Larminie 


Island Fisherman, An. . Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 

• of Atlantis, The. ..Croly . . . . 2 

— — of Saints and 

Scholars 9 

Ireland the 1 xvii ; 2 

Islandbridge 7 

1 Isle in the Water, An '.Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 

of the Blest, The. .Griffin ... 4 

It is far and it is far. .Milligan . 6 

not beauty I de- 
mand Darley . . 

not travel makes 

the man ....Flecknoe 





























2 807 

3 1209 

was long past the 

noon Savage-Arm- 
strong .. 8 3028 
— on the Mount 

Cithseron Wilkins .. 9 3604 

It was the fairy of the 

place Russell .. 

very early in the 

spring Street Bal- 
lad .... 
Italian Gesticulation. . .Wiseman . 


. S 

Italy described in Gold, 
smith's The Travel- 
ler 4 

It's a lonely road 

through bog-land . . . Russell . . 8 

' To mix-without- 

fault ' (Irish 

Rann) HYDE 10 

Its edges foamed with 
amethyst Russell . . 8 

Ivara 2 

Ivor, Lament for King , Stokes ... 8 










J. J. W See John Walsh. 

J. W See John Walsh. 

J. K. L See Doyle. 

' Jack Hinton ' Lever. 5 1952, 1964 

Jackets, Women's 9 3495 

Jackson, Andrew, of the 

Ship Castledown 6 2114 

Jacob Omnium See Higgins. 

Jacobinism 2 443 

Jacobite cause, The 9 3445 

Jacob's Stone (half-tone 

engraving) O'Flaherty. 7 2717 

' Jail Journal, John 

Mitchel's ' Mitchel . . 6 

James II., Curran on 2 780, 

and Ireland 9 

- — - Memoirs of (cited) 9 

Sarsfield's loyalty 

to 7 

Jameson, Mrs 5 

Jamie Freel and the 


Young Lady MacLintock 

Jane: A Sketch from 

Dublin Life ....Costello .. 2 

Grey, Execution of 

Lady 3 

Janus Russell . . 8 

Japhet, Ireland de- 
scended from 9 

Jarvey (comic paper) 6 

Jaunting-car (half-tone 

engraving) 2 

Jephson's' anecdote of 

Faulkner 4 

.Teffers, Lady 6 

Jefferson, J., as Bob 

Acres (portrait) 8 

Jenny from Ballinasloe. Street Bal- 
lad 8 

Jeremy Diddler (char- 
acter in ' Raising the 
Wind ' ) 5 1805 

Jerrold, B., on ' Father 

Prout' 6 2336 

' Jessamv Bridf. The '..Moore 7 2468 

(Mary Horneck) 4 1301 

Jessop, George H 5 1688 

' Jesukin ' Sigerson .. 8 3141 

Jim Walsh's Tin Box. .Macintosh. 6 2233 

Jocelyn. Robert 7 2724 

John O'Dwyer of the 

Glen Furlong . . 4 1247 

of the Two Sheep. Hyde 4 1631 

Johneen Skkine .... 8 3154 
















Irish Literature. 


Johnny, I Hardly Knew 

Ye Street Bal- 

16 lad 8 3230 

Johnson, Lionel 5 1G93 

and the Rhy- 

mers' Club 5 1693 

on W. Ailing- 
ham's verse i n 

■ on J - C - Man " 6 o 351 

gan *> ~ rf ?A 

W. B. Yeats on 3 xm 

" Dr ifn and . Ma ? k : 6 2241 

on E. Burke 1 369 

on Sir John Den- 

ham 3 84y 

on Ireland's 

learning * xvu 

on the Earl of 

Roscommon s -.asi 

on ' The Tem- 
pest ' 2 407 

See A Goodly Com* 

pan i) and The 
Haunch of Tcnl- 

Johnson's Dictionary 7 2479 

Johnston, Anna. See MACMANUS. 

Charles 5 1702 

Johnstone, Charles » l < oy 

Jonathan Freke 

Slingsby See Waller. 

Jones, Mr. Bence, Boy- 

cotting of 1 261o 

Jordan, Mrs 5 1920 

Jordan's Banks 7 251 < 

Josephus on the dis- 

persal after Babel a 3548 

Journal of a Lady of 

Fashion Blessing- 

TON 1 193 

• to Stella, The '.Swift 9 3378 

Journey in Disguise, A. Burton ... 2 408 
Journri/s End in Lovers 

Meeting Kickham . o 1815 

' Jove's Poet.' See Moore. 

Jov ! Jov ! the day Is 

come at last Duffy . 

Joyce, Patrick Wes- 

ton (portrait) 5 1(13. 1730 

Robert Dwyer 5 Jonr 

Judge's Bill. The 4 1..9o 

July the first of a 

morning clear Street Bal- 

lad » 3271 

Junius, the Letters of 3 1226 

Jupiter's moons *■ «* 8 

Just after the war, in 

. LB Fanu . . f» 1937 
. O'Connell. 7 2641 

3 954 


Kauffmann, Angelica, 

The Art of 7 2473 

Kavanagh, Rose 5 17o2 

Kearsage, The Roche ... 8 2964 

Keary, Annie 6 1755 

Keating, Geoffrey (bi- 
ography ) c . 10 4012 

P. S. Dineen on 10 3959 


the year 

Justice for Ireland . 

Keating's cave in Aher- 

low Glen 7 2615 

Keats, Celtic influence 

on » 3655 

Keegan, John 5 1762 

Keeling, Elsa D'Es- 

terre 5 1769 

Keenan, Sir Patrick 4 1605 

Keening and Wake. . . . Wood-Mar- 

tin 9 3640 

of the Three Marys 

(folk song) Hyde 10 3789 

Keightley, Samuel 

Robert 5 1774 

M. F. Egan on 5 xiil 

Kelkar, Son of Fther 7 2759 

Kellg 5 1738 

Book of 5 1737 ; 7 2671 

(color plate) 9 Front 


Kalavala 9 3654 

Kant on materialism 9 34<>4 

Kate Kearney Morgan ... 7 2555 

of Arraglen Lane B 1863 

Of (lamnvilla . . . . Lysagut .. 6 2108 

Katru's Letter DuFFERIN . 3 935 

Kathalcen Ni Houlihan « 220* 

. Nit-H o u I a h r n , 

From the Irish .. Mangan .. 6 2380 
'Kathleen Mnrourneen' 

(half-tone en- 

craving) Crawford . 2 658 

O'More ......... Reynolds . 8 2939 

Crosses at 9 3485 

Kellv, Eva Mary. . .See O'Doherty. 

-"Hugh 5 1781 

D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on wit of 6 xili 

Goldsmith on 4 1381 

Margaret 9 3503 

the Fenian leader, 

Rescue of 7 2607 

Kelvin. Lord (Sir Wil- 
liam Thompson) 5 1783 

Kenealy, Dr., D. J. 

O'Donoghue • on 

wit of « xlv 

William 5 ?.7S8 

K e n m a r e, Rinucini's 

journey from 1 32 

Kennedy, Patrick ■» 1 ' s 9 

Kennedys, The » 941 

Kenney, Jambs 5 1805 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on wit of 6 xill 

Kensington and Rane- 

lagh Gardens J 165 

Keorih. Anecdotes of . . .Fitzpatrick 3 1199 

Jemmy 1 14i> 

Kernahan, Coulson 

(portrait) 5 lb09 

Kerry "a fit cradle for 

O'Connell " 4 1588 

Ancient families 

fi 4 1590 

Dance' The !.'.'.. !molloy ... 6 2457 

' In the Kingdom 

of CROKER ... 2 660 

Number of Irish 

words used in * ! <>« ' 

The Knight of 4 loJ0 

Kerry's pride and Mun- 

ster's glory » 3°<'» 

Key-Shield of thr Mass lO 390a 

Kickham, Charles Jo- 

seph 5 1S55 

and the 'Irish Peo- 

pie' O'Lbary ... 7^(98 

as a humorist ** xv 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

«n f» xvll 

M. F," Egan on 5 vll > 


General Index. 



Kickham, W. B. Yeats on 3 xi 

Kieran, St., and Clon- 

macnoise 9 3484 

Kilbride. Carlow to 3 1182 

Kilcoe, The Glens of 4 1255 

Kilcrea 1 353 

Kilcullen 5 1894, 1898 

Kildare, Bishop of 4 1600 

Brigit at 8 3253 

landlord, A 4 1574 

The House of 7 2741 

— — Pooka. The Kennedy .. 5 1796 

The Curragh of 5 1802 

Kilkee 5 1740 

Kilduff 2 647 

'Kilhwch and Olwen ' 4 1598 

Kilkenny Exile's Christ- 
mas Song, The. . Kenealy .. 5 1788 

Man, The See Campion. 

Statute of 9 3391 

The ' holy well ' 

near 5 1766 

Kill, Bh<51ate 4 1623 

Killaan 2 689 

Killala 4 1575 

The Bishops of 6 2232 

The French at 9 3697 

The Scene of 

Cathleen ni Hool- 

ihan 10 xxl 

Killaloe 6 2377 

Killarney. See Dei-mot 

Colleen Bawn Rock 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 4 1494 

Echo at the lake 

of 3 1056 

The beauty of 5 1876 

The Falls of (half- 
tone engraving) O 1876 

The Lake of. See 

Ren t-day. 

The Lakes of (color 

plate) 4 Front 

Oisin at 5 1714 

Mountain Cottage 

in (half-tone en- 
craving) 4 1484 

-^^O'Connell at 7 2652 

Killenaule affair, The 7 2798 

Killibegs 5 1575 

Killilee 6 2354 

Killiney G 2132 

Bay 4 1424 

Hill 7 2651 

Kilmartin See John Walsh. 

Kilrush 5 1958 

Kiltown Abbey G 2250 

Kilwarden, Lord 2 797 

Kilworth 2 681 

Mountains, The 7 2730 

Kimbay Maeflontann 7 2757 

King Ailill's Death ...Stokes ... 8 3261 

Bagenal Daunt .... 3 817 

Charles he is King 

James's son . . . . Callanan . 2 442 

John and the 

Mayor Downey ... 3 1900 

of Denmark's Ride, 

The Norton ... 7 2587 

England p r o - 

claimed King 

of Ireland 9 3390 

■ Ireland's Son, 

The (see also 

The Red I>mcA-)Chesson . . 2 590 


King of Prussia, The, 

and feudal land 

tenure 7 2866 

the Black Des* 

ert, The. From 

fairy and folk 

lore Hyde 10 3713 

the Cats, Sea n - 

chan the Bard 

and the Wilde .... 9 3566 

O'Toole and St. 

Kevin Lover .... 5 

Richard Ashe 5 

William Eccles ... 3 

Kingly Power, The 2 

Kingstown 7 

Kinkora. From the Irish 

of Mac-Liag Mangan ... 6 

Kinnegad 5 

Kinsale Fisherman, A 5 

The battle of 7 

The landing of the 

Spaniards" at 7 

Kin vara 3 

Kinvarra (Kenn-Mara) 5 

Kikwan, Walter Blake 5 

as an Orator 3 

Eloquence of 1 

Grattan's tribute 

to 7 

— not a plagiarist 1 

Mount 6 

Kish of Brogues, A. . . .Boyle .... 1 

Kitty Neal Waller ... 9 

of Coleraine Siianly ... 8 

Knife-Grinder, Friend 

of Humanity and tfte.CANNiNG . . 2 

Knight of the Sheep. . .Griffin ... 4 

Tricks, The Hyde 10 

Knighting of Cuchulain.O'G'R&.QY ... 7 

Knights of Tara 1 

Knock-na-Fian 7 

' Knocknagow ' Kickham . 5 

Knockthu, The Hill of 4 

Knowles, James Sher- 
idan (portrait) 5 

Kylemore 6 

Knowledge, Injury of 3 

















L. N. F See Mrs. Fitzsimon. 

La Cruche and Kitty of 

Coleraine S 3032 

La Hogue, Sea fight off 7 2823 

La Touche, the Banker 6 2106 

Ladies, Advice to the. .Goldsmith. 4 1322 

Irish, Dress of 9 3497 

Lady Gay Spanker 
(character i n 
' London Assur- 
ance ) l 252 

Jane Grey De Verb . . 3 851 

of Fashion, Jour- 
nal of a Blessing- 
ton 1 193 

Teazle, Ada Rehan 

as 8 3105 

Laeg, Son of Riangabra 4 1433 

Laegaire, King, and St. 
Patrick. (See also 
Laogar, or Laoghaire) 4 1601 

Laeghaire (Leary) 4 1616 

Laffan. May. See Mrs. Hartley. 

Laffans, The 3 941 

La Gioconda (half-tone 

engraving) 3 877 


Irish Literature. 


Laigaire 4 

Lake Isle of Innisfree, 

The Yeats .... 9 

of the Dismal 

Swatnp, The ...Moore .... 7 

Lakes of Killarney 
(color plate) . . . 

or loughs of Ul- 
ster, The 

' Lalla Rookh ' Moore 

Father Prout on. 






Meagher on 6 

Lalor, James Fixtan 5 

Lambert, Xannie . . . SeeMRS. Power 


Lambert, Old Lady 
(character in ' Mr. 
Mawworn ') 1 182 

Lament. From the Irish 

of Owen Ward. . Mangan .. 6 2352 

A. From the IrishCURRAN ... 2 768 

Claragh's. From 

the Irish D' Alton .. 2 803 

for Ireland, A Sor- 
rowful Gregory ... 4 1459 

for King Ivor Stokes ... 8 3260 

■ O Dalcassians ! the 

Eagle Hogan 4 1591 

of Maev Lcith- 

Dherg,The. From 

the Irish Rolleston. 8 2975 

of O'Gnive, The. 

From the Irish. .Callanan . 2 443 

of the Irish Emi- 
grant Dcfferin . 3 933 

of the Irish 

Maiden, The ...Lane 5 1865 

of tlie Mangaire 

Sugach. From 

the Irish Walsh . . . 9 3508 

over the Ruins of 

the Abbey of 

Timoleague ....Fergdson . 3 1177 

Lamentation of Hugh 
Reynolds, The Street Bal- 
lad 8 3292 

Lancashire cotton mills 1 37 

Land Act. Irish 2 426 

of 1870, The « 2178 ; 9 xi 

The motion of 

1875 for in- 
quiry into the 
workings of the 6 2176 

Agents. See Cas- 
tle RacJcrent and 
The Oombeen 

Bill of 1876, the 

Irish 6 

Fairies described 3 

improvement in 

Ireland 9 

Individual owner- 
ship of 7 

League, The Irish 

National 9 

of Ookaigne, The 8 

' of St. T/fiwrence, 

From the ' .... Egan 3 

ownership 5 

•purchase scheme, 

Gladstone's 9 

question. The. See 
An Eviction. 
— Parnell on the 6 










Land tenure, Frederick 
William of 

Prussia 7 2860 

Froude cited on 7 2866 

John Bright on 7 2867 

On Butt 2 422 

See also 5 1S55 ; 7 2862 

Landen, The battle of 3 957 ; 7 2824 

Landlords and Tenants 2 4122 

Landlordism lO 3919 

Lane, Denny 5 1S63 

Language, fossil poetry 9 3434 

Irish as a Spoken. Hyde 4 1603 

of the Ancient 

Irish Ware 9 3544 

Langue d'bil and langue 

d'oc, Irish older than 2 vii 

Languish, Lydia (char- 
acter in ' The Rivals ') 8 3078 

Lanigan's Ball 8 3293 

Laogar, King 7 2719 

Laogar's daughters, con- 
verted by St. Patrick 7 2720 

Laoghaire's Daughters, 
Conversion of King 
(fairy and folk tale). Anonymous. 

Laoi na mna moire 

Lapful of Nuts, The. . .Ferguson . 
Larkin executed at Man- 
chester 7 2608 ; 

Larks Tynan- 


Larminie, William 5 

Larry M'Hale Lever . . . 

Last Desire. The Rolleston 

Oleeman, The . . .Yeats . . . 

Music, The Johnson . 

Rose of Summer, 

The Moore 7 2528 

Speech of Robert 

Emmet Emmet ... 3 1087 

' Latitudes, Letters from 

High' Dufferin . 3 

Latnamard 3 

Lauderdale, Lord, Sher 

Idan on 8 3123. 

Lavalla, The Lake of 6 


Penal Laics, The. .McCarthy. . 6 

Nation's Right. A.MOLXNEUX . G 

Tlifd hit MS TVers.O'FLANAGAN 7 



























Lawless. Emily 5 

M. F. Egan on 5 

Lawrence's Gate, Drog- 
heda (half-tone en- 
graving) 7 2568 

Lawrence's, Sir T.. por- 
trait of Lady Bless- 
lngton 1 192 

Laws of coinage. The 9 3375 

Lay of O.tsinn and Pat- 
rick. A Gwynn .... 4 1H23 

of the famine, A . Street Bal- 
lad 8 3295 

of Gudrun, The, 

and Ireland 4 vlll 

Lazu Beauty and her 
Aunts, The Kennedy ... n 1789 

Le Fan-u. JosEni Sher- 
idan 5 1927 

as a comic 

writer 6 xv 

on landlordism 10 3919 

W. P 5 1937. 194.A 

Le Ferre. The Storu of.STHRNE ... 8 3220 

' Leabhar Breac,' The 7 2615, 2663 

na-h-Uidhre 7 2668 

General Index. 



Leahhar nah Uidhrc,The 

(Book of the Dun 

Cow) 4 

Leadbeater, Mary «> 

«— — - Papers, The ' . . . Leadbeatek. & 

Leamy, Edmund 5 

Leanan Sidhe, To the.. Boyd 1 

Leanhaun Shee, The, de- 
scribed •» 

Lear, The august sor- 

rowful «J 

Learning and Art, Irish 4 

in Ancient Ireland 9 

'Leaves from a Prison ^^ 

Diary ' Davitt. 3 83^ 

Lebanon 7 

• Lebor Breac ' 8 

Lecain, The Book of 

(see also Lecan) 7 

Lecale 3 

Lecan, The Book of 

(see also Lecain) - 

Lecky, William E. H «» 

(portrait) g 

on Flood 3 

Home Rule <> 

William Smith 

O'Brien 7 

O'Connell 7 

' Lectures and Essays 

on Irish Subjects '.. Giles .... 4 

Lee, The (river) 1 353 ; 2 

3 878 ; « 

Legend of Glendalough . Lover . . . 

of Stiff enbach, TfceWiLLiAMS 

* Legendary Fictions of 

the Irish Celts '.Kennedy .. 5 
1799, 1801. 

Heroes 8 

Legends 9 

ancient Irish, 

Ethical content of 8 

Legends and Myths. 

From Fionnuala. .Armstrong. 1 

To the Leandn 

Sidhe Boyd 1 

Lord of Dunker- 

ron Croker ... 2 

Story of the Little 

Bird Croker ... 2 

Cael and Credit e. .Gregory .. 4 

Coming of Finn. .Gregory .. 4 

Death of Cuchu- 

jain Gregory . . 4 

Only Son of Aoife. Gregory . . 4 

Lay of Ossian and 

Patrick Gwynn ... 4 

Battle of Dunbolg.HTDE 4 

Story of Mac- 

Ddtho's Pig and 

Hound Hyde 4 1613 

C o nnl a of the 

Golden Hair ...Joyce 5 1731 

Exploits of Cwroi.JOYCE .... 5 1749 

Fineen the Rover. Joyce .... 5 1743 

Naisi Receives his 

Sword Joyce 5 1746 

Oisin in TirnanogeSoYCE .... 5 1714 

Enchantment of 

Gcaroidh la rla . . Kennedy .. 5 1801 

Epilogue to Fand.LARMiNiE . 5 1875 

Fionnuala Milligan . 6 2437 

Jlattle of Almhain.O'DoxoxAN. 7 2709 

Knighting of Cucu- 

lain .... O'Grady ... 7 2756 

Queen Heave and 

her Hosts O'Grady ... 7 2746 






















Legends and Myths. 

King Ailill's DeattiSTOKES ... 7 3261 

Strand of Balor. .Todhunter. 9 3404 

Deirdre in the 

Woods Trench ... 9 3431 

Children of Lir. . . Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 3460 

Saint Francis and 

the Wolf Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 3451 

The Priest's Soul. Wilde 9 3561 

Old Age of Queen 

Maeve Yeats 9 3697 

Wakeman on 9 3482 

'Legends and Stories '.Lover. 6 2055, 2071 

' and Traditions, 

Fairy' Croker. 3 695, 736 

of Ireland 9 vil 

Ancient Wilde .... 9 3557 

3558, 3561, 3566 

Archbishop Mc- 

Hale on O 2231 

of the Fairies, The 3 xx 

-of the Pyramids 9 3534 

See also Folk and 
Fairy Tales. 

Leinster 3 956 ; 4 1249 ; 5 

Aldf rid in 6 

-Fionn MacC'umhail 

in 6 

The battle of Alm- 

hain in 7 

The Book of 4 1600, 

5 1738, 

Se* The Battle of Dunbolg and 

The Story of MacDdtho's Pig 
and Hound. 

Leith-Cuinn 6 

Leitrini 2 

■ Lord, Lord Car- 
lisle's story of 1 234, 

Leix 3 

Leland on the Catholic 

priests in war time 3 

Lenane 1 

Lenihan's History of 

Iiimerick (cited) 9 

Lens, Peter, and the 

' Hell-fire Club ' 5 

Leo See Casey. 

Leonardo's "Monna 

Lisa " Dowden . . 3 

Lepers healed by Brigit 8 

Leprecaun, or Fairy 

Shoemaker, The. Allingham. 1 

• Description of the 3 

Leprachawn, The (see 

also Leprechaun or 













Leprehaun ) 

Leprechaun, The 


' Lesbia hath a beaming 

eye ' Moore . 

semper bine et indeMAHONY 




Lest it may more quar- 
rels breed Swift ...._?> 

Let Bacchus's Sons. . .Street Bal- 
lad 8 

pchoolmasters puz- 
zle their brain. , Goldsmith. 4 

the farmer praise 

his grounds . . . .Street Bal- 

lad 8 









Irish Literature. 

Let them go by Dowden 

us go to the moun- 


.. 3 





r.eth-Chiusm 7 

Letter from Galway, A Maxwell .. 6 

the Place of his 

Birth M'Hale ... 6 2227 

Letterbrick, Famine and 

pestilence at 4 

Letterkenny 4 1512; 6 2249, 

Tone arrested at 7 

' Letters from High 

Latitudes ' Duffekin . 3 

Levarcham 4 

Lever, Charles James 

(portrait) 5 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii, 

Genius and pur- 
pose of novels of 1 

Living Authors in Irish 

Literature 2 

Lewines 9 

Lia Fail; or Jacob's 

Stone, The O'Flaherty. 7 

The 8 

Lia Macha 7 

Liber Hymnorum, The 7 

Liberty in England ...Goldsmith. 4 

of the Irish 9 


— Press, The . ...Curran . 

— Press De Verb 

The Native Land 

of Ireland ... 5 

the right of all 

men , 6 

License, The first grant- 
ed to comedians in 

England 6 

' Life and Letters of F. 

\V. Robertson 'Brooke ... 1 

Literature 9 

Art, and Nature. .Wilde .... 9 

in Death 7 

(if lirigit Stokes .... 8 

' of Canning ' . . . . Bell 1 

' of C. S. Parnell'.O'BRiEX ... 7 

' of Owen Roe 

O'Neill, A' Taylor 9 

The Origin Of. . . . Kelvin ... 5 

[jiffey. The 2 037 ; 5 

Dublin Castle on 

the 3 

Llfford 6 

Light o' the World. . . .McCALL ... O 

Lltrht. Speed of 1 

' Like a fire limited be- 
neath a lake' (Irish 

rann ) Hyde 10 

Like a Stone in the 

Street Graves ... 4 

• Lily Lass ' MacCarthy. O 

Limerick 1 

Bridge and Castle 

(half-tone en- 

"r;i vine;) 5 

The defense of.., 9 

electors, Ha r r y 

Deane Grady and 7 2728. 

Irish titles in 4 

Lenlhan's history 

of (cited) 9 

The Mayor of 8 

— — method of lighting 

streets in 1719 5 

2°5 ,:> 










.-.2-1 (i 

1 65 











Limerick, Sarsfield at 4 1593; 

destroys sup. 

plies for seige 








Surrender of 

The Blacksmith o/Joyce . . . 

Irish Rapparees at 

The Treaty of 3 957 

Treaty Stone at 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 3 957 

Lincoln's Proclamation 

of Emancipation 5 1665 

Lindsay, Lord, on the 
building of the Pyra- 
mids 9 3533 

Linen Manufacture, The 9 3423 

Trade in Dublin 5 1916 

Lines Greene ... 4 1424 

by Robert Emmet 3 1094 

from the Centenary 

Ode to the Mem- 
ory of Moore . . .MacCarthy. 6 2131 

Written to M usic. Wolfe .... 9 3634 

' Lion of the Fold of 

Juda, The ' See M'Hale. 

Liquor of Life D' Alton .. 2 805 

Lir 8 2990 

The Children of. . Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 3460 
Lisheen Races, Second- 

and Ross. 8 3100 

Llsmore 2 681 

The Book of 7 2766 ; 8 3240 

Lissadill 6 2354 

Litany Monsell . . 7 2465 

of St. Aengus 8 2884 

Literary Appreciations. 

Humor of Shakes- 
peare Dowden 

Shakespeare's Por- 
traiture of wo- 
man Dowden . 

Speech on Robert 

Burns Ferguson 

Country Folk .... Johnson 

Macauiay and Ba- 
con Mitchel 

Emerson and JVejp. 

man Mdllaney . 7 

Shakespeare Wiseman . 9 

' Literary History of 

Ireland, A ' ....Hyde 4 

1610, 1613, 

impulse of The 

Nation 9 

Qualities of the 

Saga HULL 4 

Revival, Modern 10 

The, Lady Greg- 
ory on 1 

Society of New 

York, The Irish lO 

Theater, The Irish 10 

3 870 

3 875 


C 2444 


Preternatural in 

Fiction Burton . . . l 

England in Shake- 
speare's Youth. .Dowden ... 3 

Interpretation of 

Literature Dowden ... 3 

Literary Qualities 

of the Saga .... Hull 4 

Irish as a Spoken 

Language Hyde 4 












General Index. 







What is the Rem- 
nant t Magee . . 

Plea for the Study 

of Irish O'Brien . . 

Old Books of 

Erinn O'Curry .. 

Gaelic Movement. Plcnkett 

On the ' Colloquy 

of the Ancients.'RoLLESTON 
Life, Art and Na- 
ture Wilde . . . 

Celtic Element in 

Literature Yeats 9 

and History 9 

and Life «* 

of the Modern 

Irish Language. .Hydb 10 

The antiquity of 

Irish 3 

Irish, from first to 

last 1 

■ Irish, of many 

b!ends 4 

The Celtic Ele- 
ment in Yeats 9 

Effect of National 

movement on 1 

Effect of Repeal 

movement on 1 

Effect of Union on 1 

Ireland's Influence 

on European . . . Sigerson . . 4 

Interpretation of. .Dowden ... 3 

' The Story of 

Early Gaelic *.. .Htdb 4 

Value of ancient 

Irish 4 

Young Ireland 

party and 1 

Litigation, Love of 3 

Little Black Rose, The.Dv Verb .. 3 

• Black Rose, The ' 4 

Britons Caffyn ... 2 

' child, I call Wiee.'HYDE 4 

cowboy what have 

you heard Allingham. 1 

Dominick Edgeworth. 3 

Mary Cassidy .... Fahy 3 

Woman in Red, A.Deeny .... 3 

Lives of Irish saints 7 

' of the Mothers of 

the Irish Saints ' 1 

' of the Sheridans, 

The ' Fitzgerald. 

Llandaff, Lord, duel 

with Lord Clonmell 1 


























1 32 

3 1190 

Loan of a Congregation.MA.xv>ELh 
Local Government Act. 

Self -Government v. 

Home Rule .... 

Loch Finn 6 

Glynn, Folk tale of 4 

Ina O-'Brien ... 7 

Lena, Outlaio of.. Oallanan .. 2 

Leln 4 

Mask 4 

Quinlan 4 

Swilly 7 

(see also Lough). 

Lochan 5 

Lochinvar, An Irish 5 

Locke, John 5 

Locker-Lampson, F 5 

Logic in Irish literature 2 

Loma 3 







VOL. page 
Lombards, Irish version 

of the history of the 7 

'London Assurance '.. .Bodcicault. 1 
- View of Denham . . 3 


(half-tone engrav- 

Lone and weary as I 

wandered Ferguson .. 

is my waiting hereToDHUNTER. 

- Lake, half lost 

amidst Greene . . . 




4 1423 

Lonely from my home I 

come Mangan 

Long Deserted Mdlvany 

Dying, The Db Verb 

Long ago beyond 

the misty M'Gee . 

Reddy 1 

Spoon, The Kennedy .. 5 

they pine in dreary 

woe Mangan ... 6 

this night, the 

clouds delay ...Sigerson... 8 

Longford 7 

Longing Todhunter. 9 

Looe 4 

Lookin' Back Skrine ... 8 

Seaicard Ferguson . . 3 

Looting 9 

Loquacious Barber, TVieGRiFFiN ... 4 
Lord Beaconsfield ....O'Connor .. 7 
Lord Edward. See Fitz- 
Lieutenant's Ad- 
venture, The ... Bodkin ... 1 

Verulam and the 

Echo 3 

of Dunkerron, TheCuoKEB. ... 2 

Lome, Lord 3 

Lost Saint, The Hyde 4 

Tribune, The .... Sigerson . . 8 

Louane * 

Loud roared the dread- 
ful thunder Cherry ... 2 

Lough, Bray Kavanagh .. 5 

Bray O'Grady ... 7 

Columb 4 

Dan (half tone en- 
graving) 4 

Dergh 7 

- — — Drummond 4 

Erne 2 

4 1255; G 

Foyle 6 

Ine 4 

Lein (Killarney) 5 

na Mrack 4 1521, 

— — Neagh 3 1180 ; 5 

Healing and pet- 
rifying powers 

of ..... 6 2277, 

Outer 6 

Sheelin 6 

Swilly (half-tone 

engraving) 2 

4 1518; 6 
one of the lead- 
ing lakes of 

Ulster 6 

See also Loch. 

Loughlle 3 

Lough leagh (Lake of 

Healing) Anonymous. 3 

Louis XV. and his Irish 

contingent 7 




























Irish Literature. 


Louis Philippe; few exe- 
cutions under 
his rule 2 679 

See The French 


Louise, Princess 3 

Louth 6 

Louvain, Lynch's cell in 7 


7 2673 

6 2371 


Collection, The 
■ Franciscan College 

of, Collection of 

Irish MSS. in the 

Love Ballad. From the 

Irish Mangan 

' in a Village ' . . . Bickerstaff.1 

is the soul of a 

neat Irishman 6 2193 

' not' Norton ... 7 2589 

' of Dubhlaeha for 

Mongan, The ' 4 

Fair Play, Irish 3 

' Freaks, The '. .Goldsmith. 4 

Nature in Irish 


Quae k Alcdi 

cines, The ...Goldsmith. 4 1343 

■ Songs of ConnacTi J.Hyde lO 3735 

3749, 3763, 3777, 3789 

The Contaoion o/.Cobbe .... 2 605 

• The Pity of Yeats 9 3704 

will you come with 

me McCall . . . 

Lovely Mary Donnelly. Allingham. 1 
— Mary of the Shan- 
non Side ' 8 





6 2124 
1 12 

Love-makino in Ireland. MacDonagh 
in Paddy-Land ...Keeling 


Lover and Birds, The. . Allingham 
Lover, Sam del (por- 
trait) 5 2006 

as a comic love 

poet G x 

as a humorist 6 viii 

the Irish arch-hu- 
morist 6 xiv 

M. F. Egan on 5 vii, xii 

on 'Rompers, 

Squire -Tones ' 3 

Father Prout's 

addition to 

The Groves of 

Blarney 6 

W. II. Maxwell C 

Love's Despair. From 
the Irish of Diar- 
mad O'Curnan . . Sigerson. . . 8 3137 

Young Dream . . . .Moore .... 7 2521 

Low-Backed Car, The.. Lover 5 2079 

Loyalty, Irish I 

Lira's lake 3 

Luath Luachar 2 

Lucan, Lord, at Bala- 
klava (see also 
Patrick Sars- 

field) 8 3009 

— — — after the Treaty 

of Limerick 3 

Patrick Barsfteld, 

Earl of Onahan ... 7 

Lucas', Mrs. Seymour, 
Granny's Wonderful 
Chair (half-tone en- 
graving) 1 

' Luck of a Lowland 






Laddie, The ' Cuommelin. 2 751 

vol. page 
Ludlow on the massacre 

at Drogheda 7 2568, 2573 

Ludlow's ' Memoirs ' 7 2568 

Lugach 4 1525 

Lugaird 4 1434. 144^ 

Luganure 5 2052 

Lugduff 5 2051 

Luggala 1 25 

Lugh, the long-handed 2 xi 

Lugnaquilla 6 2121 

' Luke Delmege ' Sheehan . . 8 3044 

Lumpkins, Tony (char- 
acter in ' She Stoops 

to Conquer ') 4 1348 

Lundy Foot 2 800 

Luttrell, Henry, the 

Irish traitor 7 2821 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on wit of 6 xlv 

'Lying, the Decay of .Wilde 9 3578 

Lynch, Hannah C 2088 

Law on Vinegar 

Hill Banim 1 76 

Lynch's cell in Louvain 7 2615 

Lyndhurst, Lord, and 
S h e i 1 on " Irish 

aliens " 7 xxvil 

Ltsaght, Edward 7 2106 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on wit of C xiv 

Lysaght's quips beyond 

recall G ix 

Lytton, on Gulliver U 3343 

on Swift 9 3343 


Maam, The inn at 1 233 

Mabh, Mave (Meve and 

Meave become Mab in 

Shakespeare) 4 lx 

Mabinogion, The 9 3655 

Macaulay and Bacon. . .Mitchel . . G 2444 

J. W. Croker 2 675 

on Burke 1 372 

Irish soldiers in 

French army 7 2815 

' Junius ' 3 1227 

Macaulay's Lay of IIo- 
ratius and Ballad of 

Haseby, Mitchel on 6 2454 

Mac, meaning of 9 3546 

MacAleese, D. A G 2111 

McBurney, William B G 2113 

McCall. Patrick J G 2117 

version of Bryan 

O'Linn by S 3273 

McCann, Michael Jo- 
sioph G 2126 

MacCarthy, Denis 

Florence G 2128 

poem to O'Con- 

nell by (cited) G 2219 

Justin G 2133 

(photogravure por- 

trait) 1 Front 

Irish Literatureby 1 vil 

on G. Griffin 4 1465 

Lecky 5 1912 

Sheil « 3055 

Justin Huntley B 21 74 

Florence 4 1590 

* More * Sadlier ... 8 301 8 

MacCaura, The Clan of « 212S 

MacCein 2 804 

MacConglinne, Gleeman 9 3684 

General Index. 



MacConglinne, The Vi- 
sion of 6 

MacCon-Mara, Donough 6 

Duncadh lO 3937, 

MaCool, Finn ; mac- 
Cumliail, Finn. See 
Finn MacCumhail. 

MacCorse, The Tale of 2 

MacDaire, Teige (bi- 
ography ) lO 

From a Poem bj/HYDE 4 

MacDdtho's Pig and 





Hound, Story of Hyde 4 1613 

MacDermott, Martin U 2189 

MacDonagh, Michael 

(portrait) 6 2193 

on The Sunniness 

of Irish Life 8 vii 

MacDonnell. Bishop, of 

Killala 6 2232 

John (biography) lO 4013 

(reference) 2 803 

MacEgan, Nehemias, 

Vellum book of 7 2709 

MacFall, Frances E. 

( Sarah Grand) 6 2206 

MacFirbis, Duald (bi- 
ography ) 10 4014 

cited by Archbish- 
op McHale 6 

- The Genealogy of ' 


M'Gee, Thomas D'Arcy 6 

MacGillicuddy of the 

Reeks , 4 1590 

McGinlev, Mr., The 

plays of 10 xiv 

MacGorman, Finn 4 1660 

MacGrath's, W., On the 

Old Sod (color plate) 1 xvi 

M'Guire, Conor 9 ix 

Macha, The Grey of 4 1435 

Monga-Rue 7 2757 

the Empress 9 3493 

the Red-Haired 7 2749 

McHale, Archbishop 

John 7 2227 

Macintosh, Sophie O 2233 

Mackenna's Dream . . . .Street Bal- 
lad 8 3296 

Popularity of S 3270 

McKernie, James . . SeeMcBoRNEY. 

Macklin, Charles 6 2236 

Anecdotes of 6 2241 

the first consider- 
able reviver of 

Shakespeare 5 1919 

MaeLean, M., on W. 

Stokes as a Celticist 7 3243 

McLennan, William, M. 

F. Egan on 5 xiii 

Mac-Liag, The poems of 6 2377 

MacLintock, Letitia G 2242 

Maclise, Meagher on 6 2420. 2422 

MacLughaidh 2 629 

MacMahon, Marshal 3 941 

Macmanus, James (Sec- 

mas) 6 2254 

M. F. Egan on 5 xiii, xvii 

Mrs. Sedmas 

(Anna John- 
ston) C 2267 

T.. and Young Ire- 
land 9 xi 

MacNessa, Concobar 7 2748 

Conor 2 xii 

McNevin, Thomas 6 2274 

Macpherson 6 2231 


Macreddin „ 6 

MacRoich, Fergus 4 

Macroom 1 

MacRoy, Fergus, Cap- 
tain of Queen 

Meave's guards 7 

Description of 7 

MacSweeney of Fauat 2 

MacSycophant, Charles 

Egerton (character in 

' How to Get on in 

the World ") 6 

Madden, Daniel Owen 6 

on Grattan 4 

Mary A SeeMRS. Sadlier. 

Richard Robert 6 

Maddyn or Madden, 

Daniel Owen 6 

' Maelduin, The Voyage 

of 4 

Mael-mic-Failbhe, Tenth 

Abbot of Hy 7 

Maev Leith-Dherg, The 

Lament of Rolleston. 8 

Maeve. See Meve. 

of Leinster, The 

Half Red 7 

— The great army of 4 

and Cuchulain 4 

Magee, on Irish Hotels 8 

William K. (John 


Magennis, Miss . . ..See Forrester. 
Maggy Ladir Furlong 
























' Magh Leana, The Bat 

tie of ' O'Cdhry ... 7 

Magh Lif6 4 

Maginn, William (por- 
trait) 6 

as a parodist 6 

M. F. Egan on 5 

on Conviviality 6 

spurious Irish 

songs 6 

Maglone, Barney ... See Wilson. 

Magog, son of Japhet 9 

Magrath, Andrew (bi- 
ography ) 10 

(reference) La- 
ment of the Man- 
gaire Sugach 9 3508 

Maguire, Hugh 2 639 

John Francis 6 2321 

J. H. McCarthy 

on 6 2154 

The Bard O'Hus- 

sey's Ode to *7ie.MANGAN ... 6 2369 

Father Tom 8 3275 

Mahaffy, John Pent- 
land 6 2328 

Mahon, Brian's Lament 

for King Hogan 4 1591 

Mahony, Francis Syl- 
vester [Father 
Prodt] (portrait) 6 2336 

Maid of Cloghroe, The. Street Bal- 
lad 9 3299 

Maiden City, The Tonna 9 3428 

Maill 4 1252 

Mailligh Mo Stoir (Mol- 
ly Astore) Ogle 7 2734 

Maine, Son of Maeve 4 1443 

Mairgread ni ChealleadhW alsh ... 9 3503 

Major Bob Mahon's Hos- 
pitality Lever 5 1964 

Make thyself Known, „ 

Sibyl Dowden ... 3 877 


Irish Literature. 


Malaprop, Mrs. (char- 
acter in ' The Ri- 
vals ') Sheridan. . 8 3078 

Malinmore 5 1866 

Malloc 2 439 

Mallow, The Rakes of. .Stbeet Bal- 
lad 9 3312 

' Malmorda ; A Metrical 

Romance ' Clarke ... 2 

Malone, A 7 

Edmund 6 






Malplaquet, Battle of 9 

Malvern Hill 6 

' Man of the World, 

The ' Macklin .. . 6 2237 

for Galway, The.. Lever 5 1975 

is no mushroon 

growth Ingram ... 4 1660 

Octipartite. From 

the Middle Irish. Stokes ... 8 3262 

M.1n-a-nan M'Lir 6 2223 

Mananan, the sea-god. 
See Naisi Receives his 
Manchester Martyrs, 

The 7 2608; 9 3323. 3339 

Rescue, The 6 2153 

Mangaire Sugach, La- 
ment of the Walsh .... 9 3508 

Mangan, James Clar- 
ence (portrait) 6 2350 

The Woman of 

three Cows 10 3831 

W. B. Yeats on 3 ix 

See The Dead An- 
tiquary 6 2218 

Mangan's delight in riv- 
ers G 2455 

'Manifold Nature, Oui-'MacFall .. . 6 2205 
Manners and Customs 

in Ireland 2 xx ; 3 043 

of the Ancient 

Irish 2 629 

' of A nc i e n t 

Erinn ' O'Curry ... 7 2666 

• of Ireland in 

olden times 7 2771 

The Squire's 

running foot- 
man 7 2772 

See Castle Rack- 
rent and Keen- 
ing and Wake; 
also Customs 
and Manners. 

Morals (see also 

Customs and 

Manners) 1 286 ; 4 

Manning, Mr. See note 
to in Heroic Decep- 


' Manuscript Materials 
of Irish History, Lec- 

lures on ' O'Curry . . 7 


Dispersion of, by 

invasions 7 

Irish ; collection 

in the Bodleian 
Library at Ox- 
ford 7 

British Museum 7 

■ Burgundlan Li- 
brary, Brussels 7 

■ Royal Irish 

Academy 7 






,„ . vol. page 


National Library 

of Paris 7 2673 

See Ancient Irish 

Illuminated MSS. 
Many years have burst 

upon Savage 8 3026 

Maove, the Magic 7 2593 

Map of Ireland, His- 
torical 9 3708 

of to-day 10 4030 

Marco, Folo, Irish ver- 
sion of the Travels of 7 2672 

Marcus 5 l S47 

Marital relations 5 1923 ; G 2204 

Market Day (half-tone 

engraving) 8 2940 

Marlow (character in 
' She Stoops to Con- 
quer ') 4 1349 

Marot, Clement, Father 

Prout on G 2338 

Marriage Skrine ... 8 3152 

■ between relations 

in ancient Greece G 2332 

customs. See Love Making in 

Ireland and Shane Fadh's 

Dean Swift on 8 3377 

law in Scotland 2 754 

of Florence Mac- 

Carthy More . . . Sadlier 8 3018 

' Three Weeks Af- 
ter' Murphy . . 7 2564 

Marriages in Ireland 6 2193 

Marrying season in Ire- 
land, The G 2194 

Marsh, Bishop. Library 

founded in Dublin bv 5 1915 

Marten Cats, Supersti- 
tions about 9 3680 

Martin and ' Young Ire- 
land ' 9 xi 

Martin Ross (see also 
E. CE. Somer- 
ville and Vio- 
let Martin) 8 3166 

Violet. See Martin Ross. 

Martley, John G 2382 

Martyn, Edward G 2383 

The plays of IO xiil 

Martyrs, Fox's Book of 8 3060 

The Manchester . . 7 2608 ; » 3323, 3339 

' Mary Aikenhead, Her 
Life, Her Work 
and Her Friends "Atkinson .. 1 28 

and St. Joseph 

(folksong) nYDE 10 3807 

D'Este, Queen of 

James II 2 768 

Maguire Furlong ... 4 1246 

' Neil ' 8 3271 

' of The Nation.' 

See Downing. 

Queen, and Ireland 9 ix 

' Tudor ' Dh Verb . . 3 851 

Marys. The Keening of 

the Three (folk song 1 Hyde 10 3789 

Mary's Well (religious 

folk tale) Hyde 10 3795 

Maryboro' 5 1939 

Masbrook, The woods of 6 2230 

Masks, The, in Ireland 9 3498 

Mason. Mr. Joseph 

Monck 7 2673 

General Index. 


9 3478 

5 vil 
1 277 
9 3433 
4 1265 



Mass. Key-Shield of the.. 19 3965 

Massacre at Drogheda. . Barky l 150 

Murphy ... 7 2567 

of 1641, The 3 954 

Massagetae, The 9 3549 

Massarene, Lady, daugh- 
ter of Harry Deane 
Grady * 2733 

Massari, Dean of Fermo i oz 

Masters, Annals of the 
Four (see Four Mas- 
ters, Annals). 

Matchmaker In Ireland, 

The 6 2194 

Materialism, J. S. Mill 

on 9 3464 

Tyndall on 9 3464 

Mathematics, Irish pro- 
ficiency in 4 1280 

Mathew, Frank 6 2391 

Theobald 6 2396 

Matthew, Saint (color 

plate) 9 Front 

Matterhorn, Thoughts 

on the Tyndall. 

Maturin, C, M. F. Egan 


Maureen, acushla, why. Boyle . 

Maury's Song Trench 

Move's Repentance . . . .Gilbert 

Mawwornij Mr. (charac- 
ter In ' The Hypo- 
crite ') BlCKERSTAFF.l 

Max Miiller on Nursery 

Tales 3 

Maxwell, William 

Hamilton G 2400 

M. F. Egan on 5 xii 

May Love Song, A. . . .Milligan... 6 2438 

Mayflower O'Reilly . . 7 2834 

Mav'nooth 7 2485 

Mavnooth College (color 

plate) 3 Front 

Mayo . i 6 2438 ; 7 2856 

Duelling in 1 145 

Famine and pesti- 
lence in . 4 1573 

Lord, on the Irish 

Church 6 2155 

government of 

India by 3 941 

The County of. 

From the IrishFox 4 1224 

Viscounts, Ances- 
tor of the 7 2858 

Mazarln, Cardinal 4 1347 

Meade, L. T See Mrs.Toulmin 


Meagher, Thomas 

Francis 6 2414 

and ' Young Ire- 
land ' 9 xl 

in the civil war 6 2324 ; 7 2833 

J. F. Maguire on 6 2324 

Meanings of Irish 

names 9 3546 

Meath 7 2748, 2827, 2864 

King Ferghal and 

the men of, at 

Almhain 7 2709 

(Midhe). Origin 

of the name 7 2667 

' of tb e Pastures ' 2 613 

Parnell a member 

for. in 1875 6 2177 

Meave, the great queen, 
was pacing to 

vol. page 

and fro 

The Old 


Yeats 9 3697 

Age of 

Yeats 9 3697 

' Mecca^ Personal Nar- 
rative of Pilgrimage 
to' Burton 1 408 

Medge, Baron 1 142 

' Medical Student, Mis- 
adventures of a ' 9 3607 

Medieval Towns 4 1420 

Meehan, The Rev. C. P 1 32 

Meenavalla ; Grouse- 
shooting in 6 2256 

Meeting of Anarchists, 

A Barry 1 156 

the Waters, The. .Moore 7 2532 

(color plate) 7 Front 

Memoirs. See Char- 
acter Sketches, 


of James II. 

(cited) 8 3324 

John Cartaret 

Pi 1 k i ng t on 

(cited) 7 2693 

Richard Lovell 


Esq Edgbwobth. 3 1073 

' the Count de 

Grammont ' ..Hamilton.. 4 1542 

' the Countess of 

Blessington '. .Madden ... 6 2286 
Memorial by Wolfe Tone 
to French Govern- 
ment, Extract from o.Tone 9 3421 

Memories M'Gee G 2224 

Memory, A MacAleese. 6 2111 

Men's Dress in Ireland 9 3498 

Merchant marine of Ire- 

land, The | 3362 

8 3003 
5 1659 

Mermaid, The 

Memory of Earth, A . . Russell 

-the Dead, The ...Ingram 

Mend, son of Sword- 

4 1617 








Meave, Queen, Descrip- 
tion of 

7 2746 


Merriment in Irish hu- 

Merrion Square, O'Con- 

nell's residence in 3 815 

Merrows, The 3 697 ; 3 xviii 

Mervin, Audley ■ 

Messiah, Handels, first 

produced in Dublin... 5 1918 

Meters in ancient Ire- ^_ 

land 2 xviii 

Mkve. See M a e v e , 
Meadhbh, Midhe. 

and Oilioll 4 1613 

The white Bull of. 2 xviii 

Meyer. Professor Kuno 4 1608 

— — Work of , for Celtic 

literature 2 xviii 

Michael of Kildare, the 
first Irish poet in 
English 4 ix 

Robartes Remem- 
bers Forgotten 
Beauty Yeats 9 3708 

Michelstown 5 i71 * 

Midhe (Meath). Origin 

of the name 7 2667 

MIdir, the fairy chief 7 2668 

Midnieiht Escapade, A. .Smith » 3 1?§ 

Funeral, A Deenx .... 3 845 


Irish Literature. 


Mild as the rose its 
sweets will 

breathe 10 

Mabel Kelly. From 

the Irish of 

O'Carolan Fergdson.. 3 

Miles O'Reilly, Private. 

See Halpine. 

Milesians, The 9 vii, 

Milesius 2 

Milford 6 

Military life In Ireland 6 

Mill, J. S., on Material- 
Ism 9 

Millbank Prison 3 

Milligan, Alice 6 

The plays of 10 

Milliken, Richard Al- 
fred 6 

D. J. O'Donoghue 

on the wit of 6 

Millmount, The 7 

Milton Mullaney. . 7 

Elijah-like 3 

Mlltown 7 

' Ministry of all the 

Talents, The * 1 

Minrowar, son of Ger- 

kin 7 

Minstrel, A Wandering. Lb Fand ... 5 

Boy, The Moore .... 7 

' Minute Philosopher, 
Aleiphron or the ' . . . Berkeley . . 1 



















Miola (rivulet), The 6 

Mirabeau 7 

Miracles of Brigit 8 

Miraculous Creatures . .Yeats 9 

Miriam's Song (Sound 

the Loud Timbrel) ..MOORE .... 7 

' Mirror of Justice, The ' 9 

The Wonderful 

Chinese 4 1337 

' Misadventures of a 

Medical Student ' 9 

Misconceptions of the 
Irish. See The Na- 
tive Irishman. 

• Miss Erin ' 

Mistake of a Night, 

The Goldsmith 

Mr. Orator Puff bad 

two tones Moore .... 7 

Misth rr Denis's Return . Barlow ... 1 

MlTCHBL, John O 

and E. Walsh » 

and ' Young Ire- 
land ' 

ci ted by Meagher 6 

News of sentence 

of e 

on XIX. Century 

religion 6 2446, 

See By Memory In- 
spired 8 

•Mltchel's, John, Jail 

Journal ' Mitchel .. . 6 

. BLUNDELL. . 1 225 

4 1348 

Mizen Head, The 8 

Mo Craohhin Cno Walsh .... 9 

Modern /Egeria, A Campbell... 2 

Gaelic writers (see 

also Vol. 10) 2 

Trish 19 

Prama 1 o 

Poetrv, Yeats on 3 

Stories 10 















Modern Literature of the 

Irish Language.. Hyde . . ..10 

Medievalism Barrett ... 1 

political feuds 3 

' So c i e t y, The 

Church and ' ...Ireland ... 5 

Moira, Lord 9 

O'Neill SeeSKRiNE. 





Moling, Bishop of Ferns 7 2706, 

Molloy, James Lyman 6 

Molly Asthore Ferguson.. 3 

Carew Lover 5 

' Muldoon ' Street Bal- 
lad 9 

Molyneux, William 6 

Irish literature be- 
gins before '. 2 

Moment, A Brooke .... 1 

Monaghan, County 7 

Monallen 6 

Monamolin 5 

Monasterboice, Cross at 

(half-tone engraving) 9 

Monasteries, Irish Fran- 
ciscan 1 

Monastic establish- 
ments 8 

Monck, Lord 3 

Money, Large sums of, 
sent home by the 
Irish In foreign lands 6 2197 ; 7 

Mongan and Colum 

Cille 4 

' Love of Dubh- 

lacha for ' 4 

Monies of the Screw. . Curran ... 2 

Lever .... 5 

Monna Lisa, Leonardo's 

(half-tone engraving) .Dowden ... 3 

' Monomia ' McCarthy . . « 

Monotony and the Lark. Russell . . 8 

Monroe Doctrine, The 2 

Dorothy, the fa- 
mous beauty 4 

Monsell, James Sam- 
uel Bewley 7 

Montana, Prospecting in 3 

Montorio, Tombs in the 

Church of O'Donnell. 7 

Moon Behind the Hill, 

The Kenealy . . 5 

' Moonachug and Meena- 
chug ' ; • ■ • 4 

Moonev, Dr., of Trinity 

College » 

Moore, Frank Frank- 

roitT (portrait) 7 

George J 

M. F. Egan on » 

on 'The Heather 

Field ' O 

Plays of 1° 

Norman, on Sir 

S. Ferguson 3 

The Burial of Sir 

John Wolfe 9 

Thomas (portrait) 7 

( reference ) 8 

Anecdote of 

O'Curry and 7 

Holmes, O. W., 



college 8 



































General Index. 



Moore, Lines from the 
Centenary Ode 
to the Mem- 
ory of 6 

Meagher on 6 

on Christianity 

in Ireland 9 

on Conviviality 6 

on Emmet's 

character 3 

on Sheridan 3 

on the parting 

of Byron and 
the Blessing- 
tons O 

Rogueries of . .Mahoney .. 6 

the Spanish type 

in Ireland 4 

W. B. Yeats on 3 

Moral and Intellectual 
Differences o e - 
tween the Sexes.L,ECKY .... 5 

force and intellect- 
ual achievement 9 

Morals, American 1 

of Irish people 1 

Moran, Michael, the last 

Gleeman 9 

More, MacCarthy 4 1500 ; 9 

Morfydd, To Johnson .. 5 

Morgan, Lady 7 











M. F. Egan on 5 vii.xv 

inherently Irish 1 xi 

Dress of 9 3495 

6 2383 

Description of. 

' Morgante the Lesser '.Martyn 

Morley, Professor, on 
antiquity of Gae- 
lic Literature 

on Steele and Ad- 





Morna 7 

Morning on the Irish 
Coast (half-tone en- 
graving) Locke . . . . 5 2003 

Mornington, Lord, a 
Monk of the 

Screw 3 797 

Musical academy 

presided over by. 
Mortgage, Foreclosure . 

Morty Oge 2 

Morris. William, on Art 

and Society 9 

Moses at the Fair Goldsmith. 4 

(character in Sher- 
idan's 'School 
for Scandal ') 8 

The Burial of. .. .Alexander. 1 

Mother, Boy xcho was 

long on his Hyde 10 

" is that the pass- 
ing bell ? " Keegan ... 5 

Mount Eccles 7 

Gabriel 7 

Saint Jerome 6 

Mountain Cottage in 
Killarney (half- 
tone engraving) 4 

Fern, The Geoghegan. 4 

Theology Gregory .. 4 

Mountains of the Set- 
ting Sun 2 

Mountjoy, Lord 7 

The Wood of 1 














Mountmorris, Lord, 
duel with Francis 

Hitchinson 1 

Mourne 6 

Mourning Bride, Ex- 
tracts from the Congrbve .. 2 

Moville, Donegal 6 

Moyallo 5 1743, 

Moyle, The (river) 8 

Moy-Mell. the plain of 

everlasting pleasure 5 1714, 

' Moytura ' Larminib .. 5 

Moyvore, The Rath of 4 

Muckish mountain, The 6 

Muckruss Abbey, Ruins 

of 8 

Muiredach 9 

Muirne 4 

' Muirthemme, Cuchu- 

lain of Gregory . . 4 

Mulberry Garden, The 1 

Mulholland, Rosa. See Lady Gilbert. 

Mulla 6 

Mullach-brack G 

Mullaghmast 5 

Mullaney, Patrick 

Francis 7 

Mullen, The Sorrowful 

Lamentation of Cal- 

laghan, Oreally, and.. Street Bal- 
lad 9 

Mullinger 6 

Mulvany, Charles 

Pelham 7 

Munachar and Mana- 

char Hyde 4 

Municipal Corporation 

Bill, The Irish 6 

Franchise Bill, The 

Irish 6 

Privileges Bill, 

The Irish 6 

Munremar 4 

Munster, Aldfrid in 6 

Bards, The 7 

Cashel of Ferguson . 3 

' Pacata Hibernia,' 

A record of 7 

Raleigh in Downey ... 3 

The Dean of Fermo 

on hospitalitv in 1 

The women of 1 30, 

War-Song, The . . . Williams . 9 

William of . . .SeeKENEALY. 

Women, Dress of 1 

Murchad, son of the 

King of Leinster 7 

Murmurs of Love O'Doherty. 7 

Murphy. Arthur 7 

Denis 7 

Father. See Mac- 

henna's Dream. 

James 7 

Murphys' Supper. The. .Barlow ... 1 

Musgrave, Sir Richard 1 

Music has charms to 

soothe Congreve .. 2 615 

Mnsic in Ireland. 

Irish Music Petrie .... 8 2SS5 

The Irish IntcllectGiLES 4 1288 

An Irish Musical 

Genius O'Donoghue 7 2690 

Lines Written to. .Wolfe .... 9 3634 

National Burke 1 400 

The Last Johnson . . 5 1700 


























Irish Literature. 


Musical glasses, The 7 

Genius, An l7ish. .O'Donoghue 7 

Muskerry 1 

Lady, a daughter 

of Harry Deane 

Grady 7 

Muster of the North. . .Dcffy .... 3 

Mutiny Act, The 4 

My Ambition Lysaght . . 6 

beautiful, my beau- 
tiful ! Norton ... 7 

Boyhood Days Edgeworth. 3 
















First Day in Trin 

ity Lever .... 5 1986 

— girl, I fear your 
sense is not areat 
at all' (Irish 

rann) IIyde 10 3835 

Grand Recreation 10 4016 

Grave Davis 3 827 

— grief on the sea '.Hyde lO 3763 

Brown Girl Sweet' 8 

Buried Rifle, To. .McCarthy. . 6 

country, wounded . Wilde .... 9 

— dear Vic,' ses he. Barry .... 1 

eyes are filmed ...Mangan ... 6 

- heart is far from 

Liffey's tide . . . .Walsh . . . 

- heart Is heavy in 

my breast Fitzsimon.. 

■ Inver Bay Macmanus. . 

■Land Davis .... 

Last Night in Trin- 
ity Lever 

- Life is lilce the 
slimmer rose ' . . .Wilde 

■ little one's going 

to sea Molloy . . . 

Lords of Strogue 'Wingfield. 

9 3505 


•love, still I think. Reynolds 
■ love to fight the 

Saxon goes . . . .O'Donnell. 7 

Mother Dear Lover .... 5 

name is Hugh Rey- 
nolds .*. Street Bal- 
lad S 

— Patrick Sheehan.KiRKHAM .. 5 

— it is Nell Street Bal- 

lad 9 












Old Home 0' Leaky ... 7 

Owen Downing .. 3 

— Bawn's hair Is 

of thread of 

gold spun ....Ferguson . 3 

— prison ch a mber '.Ross a .... 8 
■spirit's on the 

mountains Wolfe .... 9 3635 


thoughts, alas, are 

v.ithout strength. Gregory . . 4 1460 

time how happv 

once Bickerstaff 1 186 

Mystery. Celtic love of 8 2974 

Mysticism in the new 

movement B vil 

Mythological Cycle, The 3 *i 

Mytholosv 4 1426 

1 131, 1445, 1447, 1455. 1459 

of the Norsemen 8 3241 

Myths and Leernds. 

See Legends, and Folk Lore. 

Need for study 1 vii 

Wakeman on 9 3482 

In Nature 9 3657 

Nature. See The Celtic Ele- 
ment in Literature. 


Naas Jail 5 18S7, 

Naisi Receives his 

Stcord Joyce .... 5 

Nameless One. The. .. .Mangan ... 8 

Story, The Larminie .. 5 

Names of places, Mean- 
ing of 6 

(Naois speaks) O to see 

once more Trench ... 9 

Napoleon Phillips . . 8 

" A n Historical 

Character of ' . . .Phillips . . 8 

and Baron Denon 1 



Narraghmore 5 

' Narrative of the War 

with China' Wolseley . 9 

Nathaniel P. Cramp. . .McCarthy.. 6 

Nation Once Again, A . .Davis 3 

The, Founding of 3 

' Spirit of the ' \ 3 

National Characteristics 
as Molding Pub- 
lic Opinion . . . .Bryce .... 1 

Dramatic Society lO 

genius 8 

independence, Plu: 1 - 

ket on 8 

Land League 9 

League, The 9 

Library of Paris. 

Collection o f 

Irish MSS. in the 7 

literature, A 1 

movement in Ire- 
land, The 3 

' Music of Ireland ' Burke ... 1 

' Poet of Ireland, 

The ' See Moore. 

spirit in Irish lit- 
erature 2 

literature now an 

accomplished fact 1 

extinguished by 

Act of Union 1 

temperament 1 n 

Irish literature 1 

movement, Effect 

of, on literature 2 

Poets. See Mod- 
ern Irish Poetry. 

Nationality Ingram ... 5 

and Imperialism. .Russell .. 8 

Irish, now recog- 
nized 1 

Nation's History, A . . .Burke .... l 

Right, A Molyneux . 6 

Native Irishman, The.. Street Bal- 
lad 9 

Land of Li berty. . Ireland ... 5 

literature of Ire- 
land original 2 

Nativity, Chapel of the 9 

Natural scenery 2 

' Theology.' I'alev's 5 

Naturalization Bill. The 4 

Nature, Jov In 1 

Life. Art and . . . .Wilde .... 9 

in Mvth 9 

Myths. See The Celtic Ele- 
ment in Literature. 

Love of, in Irish 

sagas 2 

Nntnrp (out-door life). 

The Young Fisfcer.GWYNH .... C 

Rhapsody on Riv- 
ers, A MlTCHEL ... 6 
































General Index. 




ricar of Cape C7e«rOTWAY 7 2848 

Ennishoicer* Winqfield. 9 3620 

Navan • 5 1738 

Navigations 2 xii 

Navy. Irishmen in the 

British » 34^2 

Neagh. The 6 2112 

-Lough .. 3 1180; 5 1753; 6 2276, 2280 

Near Castleblayney lived 

Dan Delaney » 3270 

Ned Oeraghty's Luck. . .Brougham.. 1 301 

Needy Knife-grinder .. .Canning .. 2 467 

'Neighbors' Cbotty 2 758 

Neil O'Carree Hyde 4 1638 

Neill, Meaning of name 9 3546 

Nell Flaherty's Drake.. Street Bal- 
lad 9 3306 

D. J. O'Donoghve 

on 8 xl 

Nemedians, The 2 xi ; 9 vii 

Nephin (mountain). O 2229, 2231 

Nero 2 740, 746 

Nettervllle, Nicholas, 


Father Robert, 

slain at Drog- 

heda = . • 7 

' Never Despair ' (fac- 
simile of verses) 7 

'New Antigone, The '..Barry 1 

' Ireland,' by A. M. 

Sullivan 7 

Irish, The 9 

7 2728 



Misfortunes Goldsmith . 4 

Potatoes Lover .... 5 

Town Glens 7 

Newbery, John, Gold- 
smith on 4 

Newcastle, Duke of, 

Sterne's reply to 8 

Newman, Cardinal 7 

Newport 7 

A Glimpse of his 

Country-House near. Berkeley . 1 

Newry 3 

Election, Speech atCuRBAN ... 2 

Newsnaper, The first 

Irish (facsimile) 4 

Niagara 6 

" Dr. Johnson the, 

of the New 

World" 7 2472 

Nlal of the Nine Hos- 
tages 1 402 ; 2 444 










Niam . .Chesson . . 2 

of the Golden 

Hair 5 

Nibelungen, Lied, The ,. 4 

and Ireland . 4 

Irish older than 2 

Nicknames and So- 
briquets . 9 

'Night before Larry ioas 

stretched, The.'SrnEET Bal- 
lad 9 3308 

D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on 6 









closed around ....Moore 

in Fortmanus Vil- 
lage, A Sigerson . . 9 

Piece on Death, 

From a Parnell . . 7 

Nigra, Constantlne, on 

Celtic rhymes ..,..,.... 2 





Nile, The 

Nine Hostages, Nial of 

the 1 402; 3 

' Ninety-eight ' 9 

Lord Camden and 8 

The events of 6 

' No doubt sure/ ' My- 

self believes,' 

'Thinks It' 

(Irish rann) ...Hyde 10 

popery cry, The 8 

rising column 

marks this spot. Emmet . 

Snakes in Ireland O'Keeffe 

Noble Lord, A Murphy 

Extracts from a 

Letter to a ....Burke .. 

Nolle Prosequi, A . . 

Nora Creina Moore . . 

Norbury, Lord, and Cur- 

at the Trial of 

Robert Emmet 

duel with Fitzger- 

Norman work in Round 

vol. pagh 
. 7 2512 

Towers 9 

Norman-Irish, The ... 9 

Norse Sagas and Gaelic 

Tales 8 

invaders drown 

Irish books 2 

North, The Muster of 

the Duffy .... 3 

Northern Blackwater ..Kavanagh . 5 
Northmen in Ireland. .Stokes .... S 
Norton, Caroline 
(Lady Stirling-Max- 
well) 7 

Not a drum was heard, 
not a funeral 

note Wolfe 9 

a Star from the 

Flag Shall Fade. Halpin .... 4 

far from old Kin- 

vara Fahy 8 

for the lucky war- 
riors Gwynn ... 4 

hers your vast Im- 
perial mart Lawless .. 6 

Nothing Venture, Noth- 
ing Have Hamilton . 4 

Novel in The Figaro, 

The O'Meara . . 7 

Novels, Irish . Egan 5 

Burlesque 1 119, 

' Novum Organum,* Ba- 
con's 6 2448, 2153 

Now all away to Tlr 

na n'Og Chesson .. 2 590 

are you men Parnell . . 7 2871 

in the lonely hour. Joyce .... 5 1747 

let me alone, 

though I know 

you won't Lover .... 5 2080 

— Memory, false 


Memory O'Grady ... 7. 2780 

when the giant In 

us Russell . . 8 3000 

Nugent. Gerald (biog- 
raphy) 10 4016 

Translation from „ „„„ 

the Irish of 8 930 

Irish Lit. Vol. io— R 





















Irish Literature. 


Nugent, Lord, Canning 

on .......... 1 171 

Nullum Tempus Bill 4 1395 

Number of Irish ancient 

MSS. extant 2 xl 

NumltoriuB 6 1848 

Nursery Tales, Max 

Miiller on 3 xxili 

Sir W. Scott on 3 xxill 

Charles Welsh on. 3 xxiv 


O could I flow like thee.DBNHAM 

did you not hear 

of Kate Kear- 
ney? Morgan ... 7 

Erin, my Queen. . . Parnell . . 7 

gentle fair maiden. Sigerson .. 8 

God, may it come 

shortly 10 

had you seen the 

Coolun Ferguson . 2 

heart full of song.O'SHAUGH- 

NESSY ... 7 

I'm not myself at 

all, Molly dear.. Lover .... 5 
King of Heaven 

who did'st create 10 

Mary dear, O Mary 

fair Fergdson . 3 

Meaning of the 

prefix 9 

my daughter : lead 

me forth Alexander. 1 

Peggy Brady, you 

are my darlin' 8 

say can you see 9 

' say. my brown 

Drimin ' Callanan . 2 

Sigh of the Sea. . .Sigerson .. 8 

b t r o n g-winged 

birds O'Brien 

-— the brown banks 

of the river .... Joyce 

8 849 












7 2591 

. . 5 1752 

the days are gone. Moore .... 7 2521 

the days of the 

Kerry dancing . .Molloy ... 6 2457 
' the sight entranc- 
ing' MoonB .... 7 2530 

the sunshine of old 

Ireland Todhdnter. 9 3408 

thou whom sacred 

duty calls MacCarthy. 6 2128 

' were you on the 

mountain' Hydb 4 1656 

where, Kinkora, Is 

Brian Mangan ...6 2377 

Woman of the 

Piercing Wall ..Mangan ... 6 2352 
Woman of three 

Cows 10 3831 

Woman, shapely as 

the swan Graves 4 1414 

"Oaken-footed Elzevir,'' 

The 4 1259 

Oasis DowDEr . . 3 876 

Oats. Binding the Coleman . . 2 610 

Objective method of 

studving literature 3 868 

Obelisk, The Bovne 

(half-tone engraving) 8 3271 

O'Berne Crowe on an- 
cient Irish MSS 2 xl 


O'B r i e n , Charlotte 

Grace 7 2591 

Fitz James „ . „ 7 2594 

Manus, discovers 

Sarsfield's plow.. .. 9 3325 

Michael, executed 

at Manchester 7 2608 ; 9 3339 

R. Barry 7 2604 

on keening 9 3043 

Smith 9 3414, 3550 

on Wolfe Tone 7 2604 

and Young Ire- 
land 9 xl 

defended by J. 

Whiteside 9 3550 

on T. M'cXevin 6 2274 

William 7 2614 

William Smith 7 2619 

(portrait) 7 2614 

and the Kille- 

naule affair 7 2798 

(reference) 10 3829 

D. J. O'Dono- 

ghue on art of. . = 6 xiii 

O'Bryne. See Macken- 
iin's Dream 

O'Byrnes of Wicklow 9 3397 

O'Burke, Father, on 

Davis' poems 3 822 

O'Callahy. M. (now 

Caldwell) 10 3807 

O'Carolan, Turlocgh 

(biography) lO 4017 

and fairy music 3 xvlll 

Translations from 

the Irish of : 

■ Grace Nugent 3 1186 

Mild Mabel 

Kelly 8 1187 

Bridget Cruise 4 1244 

Mary Maguire 4 1246 

Peggy Browne 4 1252 

Why, Liquor of 

Life 3 80S 

Ocean, The, in Irish sa- 

gns 2 xvll 

Och ! a rare ould flag. . Halpine .. 4 1539 
girls dear, did you 

ever hear Dufferin . 3 938 

bono! and what 

will I do? Lover 5 2076 

when we lived In 

ould Glenann. . .Skrinb ... 8 3157 
O'Clery, M. (biogra- 
phy) 10 4018 

Louvain collection 

of manuscripts 

made by 7 2673 

See A riea for the 

Study of Irish. 

Boo O'Donovan. 
O'Connell, Chancellor, 

duel with the 

Orange Chieftain 1 143 

Daniel 7 2624 

(portrait) 7 2629 

and Biddy Mori- 
arty Madden ... 6 2281 

and Catholic 

Emancipation 9 x 

and the move- 
ment for Re- 
peal 1 xll 

Anecdotes of 7 2651 

Ballads on 8 3268 

Bulwer on 7 xxv 

Dickenson 1 xxv 

General Index. 



O'Coxnell, D., Erin's 

Lament for 8 3269 

defended by J. 

Whiteside » 3550 

Genius of, de- 
scribed 7 xxvi 

in prison 3 811 ; 6 2158 

Liberation of 3 814 

Monument, The 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 7 2645 

on the corn laws 7 2633 

— on death of Da- 
vis 2 823 

on home market 7 2647 

o n T. D'Arcy 

M'Gee 6 2217 

on C. Phillips 8 2888 

■ — ■ on property tax 7 2632 

Origin of Hoby 4 1588 

Shell's Pen-and- 
ink Sketch of 8 3064 

talent of, for vi- 
tuperative lan- 
guage « 2281 

John, in prison 3 812 ; 6 2128 

O'Connor, F 10 3713 

Matthew, on 

Faulkner 4 1262 

Rev. Charles, com- 
piler of the 

Stowe Catalogue 7 2673 

Captain Teige 7 2570 

Thomas Power 

(portrait) 7 2655 

O'Corra, The Voyage of 

the Sons of Joyce 5 1724 

O'Culsin, S., Plays of 10 xv 

O'Curnain, D. (biogra- 
phy) 10 4019 

O'Cu'rry, Eugene 7 2663 

on ancient Irish 

MSS 2 xl 

extent of an- 
cient MSS 2 xili 

Work of, for Celtic 

literature 2 xvlil 

O'Daly, Aengus, satirist 6 vil 

Ode on his Ship Brooke ... 1 280 

Written on Leav- 
ing Ireland. From 

the Irish Nugent ... 3 930 

O'Doherty, Mrs. Ke- 
vin Izod (Eva 

Mary Kelly) 7 2675 

Sir Cahir 6 2430 

' O'Donnel, a National 

Tale ' Morgan ... 7 2549 

O'Donnell. See A Song of Defeat 
and Tombs in the Church of 

Aboo McCann ...6 2126 

(reference) 8 3270 

Capture of Huoh 

Roe Connellan . 2 632 

Hugh Ruadh. See 

Rnisin Dubh. 

Red Hugh 9 ix 

in the West 7 2743 

John Francis 7 2678 

Manus, grandfa- 
ther of Hugh 

Roe 2 635 

O'Donnells banished „ 

from Galwav. The 8 2917 

O'Donoghue. David J 7 2690 

on Banin's verse 1 45 

vol. page 
O'Donoghue, D. J., on 

Carleton 2 472 ; 5 xvii 

A. B. Code 2 607 

William Dren- 

nan's verse 3 924 

Kirkham 5 xvii 

William Kenealy. 5 1788 

Lover's humor 5 2008 

Mrs. Power 7 2703 

of the Glens 4 1590 

O'Donovan, John 7 2705 

on T. C. Irwin 5 1668 

Work of, for Cel- 
tic literature 2 xvlil 

The Dead Anti- 
quary McGeb 6 2218 

O'DrlscolI drove with a 

song Yeats O 3701 

O'Dugan, Maurice 3 1188 

O'Farrell O ix 

O'Duibhme, Diarmuid 2 629 

O'Farrelly, Miss Ag- 
nes 10 3967 

(biography ) 10 4026 

O'Flynn, Lawrence 10 3713 

4 1412 

the wild 

O'er the wild gannet's 

bath Darley . . . 

Of all trades that flour- 
ished of old .... Lever . . . . 

Drinking Flecknoe . 

old, when Scarron 

his companions 

invited Goldsmith . 

priests we can offerGRAVES . . . 

O' Flaherty, Charles 

Prince of Conne- 


2 809 


Roderick 7 

O'Flaherty's cabin In 

Connemara 7 

O' Flanagan, James 

Roderick 7 

Oft have we trod the 

vales of Castaly. Wilde . 

' in the stilly night '.Moore . 

Ogam stones (see also 

Ogham) 4 3545; 7 

O'Garas banished from 

Galway 8 

Ogham explained and 

illustrated 2 

O'Gillarna, Martin Rua 10 

Ogle, George 7 

a Monk of the 

Screw 2 

duel with Barney 

Coyle 1 

O'Gorman, Secretary, 

duel with Thomas 

Wallace 1 

O'Grady of Killbally- 

owen 4 

1- Standish 7 

on H. Grattan 4 

(portrait) 7 

Sir Horace Plun- 

ketf on 8 

Standish Hayes 7 

Work of, for Cel- 
tic literature ' 2 

O'Gnive, Lament of. . .Callanan . 2 

' Ogyffia * O'Flaherty. 7 

William O'Brien on 7 

Oh, dark, sweetest girl. Furlong ... 4 

Dermot Astore ! 

between waking.CBAWFORD . 2 


















Irish Literature. 

. 9 

Oh ! drimin donn dilis !Walsh 

fairer than the Illy 

tall Fahy 

farewell, Ireland, I 

am going Street Bal- 
lad 8 

' God, it is a dread- 
ful night' . ...Keeqan ... 5 

' Green unci fresh '.Tynan- 

Hinkson. 9 



8 1133 


If there be an Ely- 
sium on earth . .Moore .... 
in the quiet haven, 

safe for aye .... Alexander. 
Larry M'Hale he 

had little to fear. Lover 5 2001 

love is the soul. . .Code 2 607 

lovely Mary Don- 
nelly Allingham. 1 12 

many a day have 

I made Callanan . . 2 441 

many and many a 

time Graves ... 4 1415 

my dark Rosaleen. Mangan ... 6 2363 

my fair Pastbeen. Ferguson . 3 1184 

my sweet little 

rose Furlong . . 4 1247 

Paddy dear, and 

did ye hear .... Street Bal- 
lad 9 3320 

Paudrig Crohoore 

was the broth of 

a boy Le Fanu . . 5 1942 

rise up, Willy 

Reilly Street Bal- 
lad 9 3321 

(hat my love and I. Furlong . . 4 1246 

— ' — the clang of the ■ 

wooden shoon . .Molloy ... 6 2458 

— the fern, the fern.GEOGHEGAN. 4 1255 

the French are on 

the eea Street Bal- 
lad 9 3313 

' the marriage'.. .Davis 3 825 

the rain, the 

weary Mangan ... 6 2373 

' then tell me, 

Shawn O'Fer- 

rall ' Casey 2 572 

there was a poor 

man Street Bal- 
lad 8 3281 

thou Atlantic, 

dark and deep...CROLY .... 2 749 
'tis little Mary 

Cassldy's Fahy 3 1135 

to have lived like 

an Irish Chief . .Duffy .... 3 059 

turn thee to me. . .Furlong . . 4 1244 

'twas Dermot 

O'Nowlan'FLAiiERTY. 7 2713 
' What a Plague is 

Love ' TYNAN- 

IIinkson. 9 3439 
what was love 

made for Moore . . . . 3 1087 

who could desire 

to see better 

sporting . . 10 3919 

who is that poor 

foreigner Street Bal- 
lad 8 3288 

yes, 'tis true, the 

debt is due Hogan .... 4 1502 

O'FTaoan. John 7 2767 

O'lTara. Kane, D. J. 

Donoghue on wit of 6 xlil 

O'Heffernan, the blind 7 v ii 

O'Hussey's Ode to The 

Bard Maguire Mangan . . . 6 2369 

Oilioll 4 1613 

Oisin (see also Ossian, 

L'sheen) 2 xii 

and Finn 4 1455 

Cause of popular- 
ity of 9 3660 

in Tirnanoge; or 

the Last of the 

Fena Joyce .... 5 1714 

— — M a cpherson'.s 

poems of 7 2678 

See Niam and On 

the ' Colloquy of 

the Ancients.' 8 2917 

O'Kanes banished from 

Gaiway 8 

O'Kearney IO 

O'Kelly, Patrick 7 

O'Kennedy, Richard 7 

O'Keeffe, John 7 

and Sir Walter 

Scott 7 

Old Age of Queen 

Maeve, The . . . .Yeats 9 

— Books of Erinn 7 

Celtic Romances 'Joyce. 5 1724, 

■Custom, An Griffin 

Lady Ann Croker 

of Thread- 
needle Street, 


Pedhar C art hy 

from Clonmore. .McCall 
- White," anec- 
dotes of 





O'Leary, Arthur 7 

Dr 2 

Ellen 7 

— W. B. Yeats on 3 

John 7 

— on Kickham f» 

Joseph 7 

as a humorist <? 

Patrick IO 

(biography) 10 

Father Peter (bi- 
ography) 10 

( reference ) 10 

Olkyrn, Iris See Milligan. 

Ollamh, described 2 

Ollamhs, Costumes of 8 

O'Longan on ancient 

Irish MSS 2 

" Olwen " in The Mabi- 

nncion 9 

O'Mahon, Counsellor, 

duel with Henry 

Deane Grady 1 

O'Maiiony or Mahony, 

F. S. (Father Prout) 6 

O'Mriille, Breanhaun 

Crone 7 

O'Mealley, Grace 7 

O'Meara, Kathleen 

(Grace Ramsay ) 7 

O'Mcehan, Father 10 

Omnium. Jacob. See Higgins 

O'More, Roger 9 

O'More's Fair Da ughter. Furlong .. 4 
On Carrigdhoun the 

heath Lane B 

Catholic Rights. . .O'Connell.. 7 

Conciliation vo » t h 

America Burkb .... 1 

























General Index. 



On Euripides' plays we 

debated Armstrong. 1 

Great Sugarloaf. ..Greene ... 4 

Irishmen as Ru- 
lers Dufferin . 3 

Land Tenure Butt 2 

Lough Neagh's 

banks, as the 

fisherman strays 6 

a Colleen Ba wn. . Street Bal- 
lad 9 

' the Colloquy of 

the Ancients '.Rolleston. 8 

C o m m e r c i al 

Treaty with 

France Flood .... 3 

Death of Dr. 

Swift Swift 9 

deck of Patrick 

Lynch's boat. .Fox 3 

— -fourteenth day, 

being Tuesday 4 

ocean that hol- 
lows Griffin ... 4 

Old Sod (color 

plate) 1 

Policy for Ire- 
land Meagher .. 6 

Prospect of 

Planting Arts 
and Learning 
in America . . . Berkeley 

Travel Flecknoe 

■ Wind Martyn 


Onahan, William J 7 

Onciropolos See Johnstone. 

One blessing on my na- 
tive isle Curran . 

day the Baron 

Stiff enbach Williams 

Forgotten, The . . .Shorter 

■ Law for All 

— — morn a Peri at the 

gate Moore . 

morning by the 

streamlet O'Brien 

■ ranging for rec- 

walking out I 

o'ertook Allingham. 1 

night of late I 

chanced to stray.STREET Bal- 
lad 8 

touch there is of 

magic white ....Alexander. 1 






2 767 


winter's day, long, 

long ago Keegan ... 5 

O'Neachtan, J. (biog- 

raphy ) 10 

John, Translations 

from Irish of. 

A Lament 2 

Maggy Ladir 4 

'O'Neill. A Life of Owen 

Roe' Taylor ... 9 

Hugh 8 

— and his men, A 
vision of 












Flight of « 

• The rebellion of 
Submission of. 


of Ulster 10 

Moira See Skrine. 

Owen Roe 9 

Sir Phelim 9 

or O'Neil 3 

957; 4 249, 1530; 7 











O'Neills banished from 

Galway 8 

Only Son of Aoife, The. Gregory . . 4 

Oracles, Ancient Irish 7 

Orange lilies, A story of 3 

The Egan 3 

Societies 9 


■ King William 3 

Protestant Boys 9 

The Orange Lilies 3 

The Orangeman's 

Submission 9 

Willy Reilly 9 

Orangeman's Submis- 
sion, The Tonna .... 9 

Orator, Canning as 1 

Dean Kirwan as 1 

Dr. Alexander as 1 

Father Keogh as 3 

the first 

• Flood as 

• Flood 


■ Fox as 


greatest in 
Commons . . 
- Grattan. hero and 

■ Isaac Butt as . . . 

• Meagher as 

O'Connell as 







Pitt as 3 
















- Puff Moore .... 7 

Sheridan as Fitzgerald. 3 

Orators, Great attribute 

of 7 

in Irish Parlia- 
ment (portraits) 7 


Pulpit, Bar, and 

Parliament a r y 

Eloquence Barrington. 1 127 

Chat h a m and 

Townshend Burke .... 1 391 

Extracts from the 

Impeachment of 

Warren Hastings.BvnKE .... 1 383 

On American Tax- 
ation Burke .... 1 373 

On Conciliation 

with America . . .Burke .... 1 376 

Disarming of Ul- 
ster Curran ... 2 780 

Farewell to the 

Irish Parliament.QvmnkK ... 2 783 

Liberty of the 

Press Curran ... 2 778 

On Catholic Eman- 
cipation Curran ... 2 774 

Speech at Neiory 

Election Curran ... a 788 

-Last Speech Emmet 3 1087 

■ — — Speech on Robert „ ,„_- 

Burns Ferguson... 3 1170 

Defense of the Vol- „ „„„_ 

unteers Flood 3 1217 

On a Commercial 

Treaty with ._„„ 

France Flood 3 1219 

Reply to Orattan's * „ H „ 

Invective Flood 3 1212 

Declaration of Irish 

Rights Grattan .. 4 1387 

Of the Injustice of 

Disqualificat ion 

of Catholics ....Grattan .. 4 1405 


Irish Literature. 



Philippic against 

Flood Grattan . . 4 1400 

Glory of Ireland. . Meaghek .. 6 2420 

On the Policy for 

Ireland Meagher . . 6 2415 

Speech from the 

Dock Meagher .. 6 2424 

Justice for Ireland.O'CoyiXELL.. 7 2641 

On Catholic Rights.O' Coxxeel.. 7 2629 

Common Citizen 

Soldier O'Reilly . . 7 2825 

Address Before the 

House, Washing- 
ton Parnell . . 7 2861 

Amoition of the 

Irish Patriot. . . .Phillips .. 8 2892 

Eulogy of Wash- 
ington Phillips .. 8 2891 

The Union Plcnket ... 8 2896 

First Step toward 

Home Rule ....Redmond .. 8 2926 

Ireland's Part in 

EngVsh Achieve- 
ment Sheil 8 3057 

Speech in Opposi- 
tion to Pitt's 
First Income TatfSHERiDAN .. 8 3072 

In Defense of 

Charles Qavan 

Duffy Whiteside. 9 3550 

A century of. See The Irish 

School of Oratory. 

in America, Bryce 

on 1 337 

Irish, pitched in a 

high key 7 vii 

Masters in 7 xxviii 

The Irish School o/Taylor .... 7 vii 

O'Reilly. See Macken- 

nu's Dream 8 3297 

■ (Father) on nam- 
ing children 4 1610 

John Boyle (por- 
trait) 7 2825 

' His Life, Poems, 

and Speeches ' 7 2825 

on Fanny Par- 

nell's Land 

League songs 7 2870 

Private Miles. See Halpine 

Myles, F. M. Egau 

on 5 viii 

Orford, Lord, on an 

Irish bull 3 1058 

Oriel, Dubhdun, King of 4 1623 

Oriental bull, An 3 1056 

■ folk lore and Irish 3 xvii 


Origin of Life, The. . . .Kelvin 

— O'Connell Hoey . 

the Irish, The. . ..Ware 

1 408 
5 17S4 
4 1588 
9 3547 

Originality of ancient 

Irish literature 1 viii 

Irish Dulls Exam- 
ined. The Edgeworth. 3 1055 

Ormond. M. F. Egan on 5 xi 

Ormonde on the mass- 
acre at Drocrheda 7 2567, 2573 

Ormsby, Sir Charles: a 

storv of the butcher 1 144 

' Oro.'O dnrlitxi Fair ! 'SiGERSON .. 8 3142 

O'Rourke. Daniel Maginn ... 6 2313 

O'Rory Converses with 

the Qualitu Morgan ... 7 2549 

Orb, Andrew 7 2837 

vol. page 

Okr, James 7 2839 

The Wake of Wil- 
liam Drennan .. 3 925 

Orrery, Lord, Swift and 

Faulkner 4 1263 

O'Ryan was a man of 

might Halpine . . 4 1540 

Osborne, Anecdote of 

Sir William 2 425 

Oscar, Keen, light-foot- 
ed 7 2766 

Strength of 5 1723 

with edged biade 

fighting 4 

Osgar (Oscur), grand- 
son of Ossia 4 1455 ; 8 

O'Shaughnessy, Arthur 7 

O'Shea, P. J 10 

( biography ) 10 




Ossian (see also Oisin) 8 

(biography) 10 

and Patrick, Lay 

of Gwynn ... 4 

and St. Patrick 2 xvi ; 4 

The Burthen of . . .O'Grady ... 7 

See MacAleese 

and The Celts. 

Ossianic lays, The 4 

manuscripts in the 

Trinity College 

collection 7 

or Finn Cycle 2 

poems, The <> 

prose romances 8 

Ossian's prose among 

the Irish people 4 

Ossin, Ossian, or Oisin 5 

O'Sullivan Bear, Dirge 

of Callanan . 2 

Gaelic 3 

Red 3 

Rev. S. on the 

Burial of Sir 

John Moore 9 

Othello of Drill Lever .... 5 

O'Tripger. Sir Lucius 
(character in 'The 

Rivals ') S 3082. 

O'Tundher 9 

Otway. Caesar 7 

' Ould Master, The '.. .Barlow ... 1 

Plaid Shawl, The. Fahy 3 

(color plate) 10 

Our Exiles Sullivan . . 9 

long dispute must 

close Croly .... 2 1747 

' Manifold Nature, 

Stories from 

Life ' MacFall . . 6 2206 

own Times, His- 
tory of McCarthy . . O 

Road Macmanus. . « 

Thrones Decay ..Russell .. 8 

Ourselves Alone O'Hagan .. 7 

Out of Order 7 

upon the sand- 
dunes Tynan- 

Hinkson. O 

Outer, Lough 6 

Outlaio of Loch Lene, 

The Callanan . 2 

' Outline of Irish His- 
tory, An ' McCarthy.. G 












Outside Car (half-tone 





2 788 

General Index. 



Outworn heart, in a 

time outworn YEATS 9 

Over here in England. . Skrine ... 8 

moving water and 

surges white . ..Milligan .. 6 

the carnage rose 

prophetic a Voice 7 

Oveton, Father Richard, 

slain at Drogheda 7 

Owen Bawn 3 

King of Munster 2 

M6r, King of Fern- 
mag * 

Roe (see also A Glance at Ire- 
land's History 3 

« O'Neill, Life of. Taylor ...» 

Ownabwee, The • • J» 

Ox Mountains, The. » 


Pacata Hibernia O'Grady .. 7 

— Author of 7 

Paddy, agra, run down 

to the bog ..... Street Bal- 
lad 8 

Blake and the 

echo 3 

Corcoran's Wife. .Carleton .. 2 

Fret, the Priest's 

Boy O'Donnell . 7 













MacCarthy Hogan 

the Piper Lover 

Pagan Irish, Esthetic 

sensibility of the 2 xviii 

Pain's ' Age of Reason ' 

condemned 9 

Painting, Expression of 

female beauty by 5 

Pale, The 4 

English of the. . . 9 

The English lO 

Paler and thinner the 

morning M'Gee .... 6 

Palestine 7 

Paley's ' Natural Theol- 
ogy ' 5 

Palliser, Archbishop 5 

Palmerston, Lord 3 

Pamphlet, Power of the . 7 

Pamphleteer, Swift as a Boyle .... 1 


Pantheon, The early 

Irish 2 

. 7 

. 4 

. Moore 

Paradise and the Peri 

Paralon, or Migdonia 

Parents and children, 

Affection between 6 

Parliament. Fareicell to 

the Irish Curran ... 2 

How Ireland Lost 

her McCarthy . . 6 

Irish Houses of 

(half-tone en- 
graving) 2 

> of Ireland closed 6 

■ The riehts of . 6 

' Parliamentary Reform, 

Speech on ' „ 2 

. speaking, Canning 

on 1 

P a r n e l l , Charles 

Stewart (portrait) 7 

















Parnell, C. S., Address 
of, before the 
House, Washing- 
ton, Feb. 2, 1879 7 2S61 

and the Land Lea- 
gue 9 xi 

National League 9 xl 

J. H. McCarthy on 6 2177 

' Life of Charles 

Stewart' O'Brien ...7 2607 


on the Manchester 

martyrs 7 2608 

Service of, to Eng- 
lish legislation 6 2178 

went into Politics, 

Why O'Brien ... 7 2607 

Epitaph on DoctorGoLDSMiTH . 4 1383 

Fanny 7 2870 

. W. B. Yeats on 3 xli 

Sir John, and Ire- 
land's inde- 
pendence ". 6 2170 

Chancellor of the 

Exchequer 1 135 

Thomas 7 2874 

English poet 6 2177 

— W. B. Yeats on 3 vii 

Parodist, Maginn the 

best 6 xiv 

Parsons as a Monk of 

the Screw 5 1957 

Parthalomans, The 9 vii 

Partholan 2 xl 

Parties in Ireland in 

1798 9 3426 

' The Chiefs of '..Madden .... 6 2284 

Partners in Crime Griffin ... 4 1494 

' Partv Fight and Fu- 
neral ' Carleton . . 2 559 

Passing of the Gael, TTieMACMANUS. . 6 2267 
Pasteur, Pouchet, and* 

Bastian 5 1784 

Pastha, The. described 3 xx 

Pastheen Fion. From 

the Irish Ferguson . 3 1184 

Pat (comic paper) 6 x 

Pater, Walter, on 

George Moore 7 2483 

Pathos in Irish humor . . . 6 viil 

Patience of the Irish 

peasant 3 855 

Patrician Bards, The 2 xviii 

Patrick, A Lay of Os- 

sian and Gwynn ... 4 1523 

and Ossian 7 2753 

See also Saint Patrick. 

Sheehan Kickham .. 5 1831 

Patriot. The Ambition „.„„„ 

of the Irish Phillips ... 7 2892 

Patriotic S o n gr S , 
Songs of War, 

Siege of Berry . . .Alexander. 1 3 

" Be said that he 

iv a s not our 

brother " Banim .... 1 58 

The Sword Barry 1 149 

The Saxon Shilling. Buggy .... 1 358 

Gottgane Barra ...Callanan . 2 439 

" O say my brown 

d rim in" Callanan . 2 442 

Rising of the Moon. Casey .... 3 572 

Green little Sham- 
rock of Ireland. .Cherry ... 2 587 


Irish Literature, 






Patriotic and War 


The Fighting Bace.CLARKE ... 2 598 

Wearing of the 

(J men Curran 

Fontenoy Davis . . 

My Grave Davis .. 

My Land Davis . . 

A Nation once 

again Davis . . 

The West's Asleep.DAYis . . 

A Cushla Oal mo 

Chree Doheny . . 3 864 

Brigade at Fonte- 
noy Dowlinq . . 3 878 

Erin Deennan . . 3 924 

Wake of W. Orr. .Drennan .. 3 925 

Battle of Beal-An- 

Atha-Buidh Drennan .. 3 928 

Ode on Leaving Ire- 
land Dhummond. 3 930 

Innishowen Duffy .... 3 961 

Irish Chiefs Duffy 3 959 

Irish Rapparees... Duffy .... 3 957 

Muster of the 

North Duffy .... 3 954 

Lin es on Arbor 

Hill Emmet .... 3 1094 

Fair Hills of Ire- 
land Ferguson . 3 1185 

Sony of the Irish 

Emigrant Fitzsimon. . 3 1206 

County of Mayo . . Fox 3 1224 

Roisin Dubh Furlong .. 4 1247 

Sorrowful Lament 

for Ireland ....Gregory .. 4 1459 

Ireland Gwynn .... 4 1532 

Song of Defeat .. .Gwynn .... 4 1529 

" Not a star from 

the flaq shall 

fade" Halpinb ... 4 1539 

Sarsfleld Testimo- 
nial Hogan .... 4 1592 

Memory of the 

I trad Ingram ... 5 1659 

Ways of War . . . .Johnson .. 5 1699 

Blacksmith of Lim- 
erick Joyce 5 174: 

Crossing the Black- 

iv titer Joyce 

Fineen, the RoverJovcm 

Irish Reaper's 

Harvest Hymn . . Kkegan . . . 

Rory of the Hill. .Kickham . 

Royal Love Leamy .... 

Exiles Return . . . Locke .... 

W ar - S hip 8 of 

Peace Lover .... 

The Croppy Bom. .McBurney.. 

Good Ship Castle 

Do ten McBurney . 

O'Donnell Aboo ..McCann ... 

Pillar Towers of 

Ireland MacCarthy 

To my Buried Ki'/feMcCARTHY . 

The fair hills of 

Erin M c C O N - 

Mara ... 10 3937 

The Irish Exile. . . M a c D e r - 

mott . . . O 2189 

Am I Remembered TM'Gee . . . . 6 2225 

The Celts M'Gee 6 2223 

■ Dead Antiquary, 

O'Donovan M'Gee 6 2218 

— — Death of the Home- 
ward Bound ...M'Geb .... 6 2222 
















Patriotic and War 

Salutation of the 

Celts M'Gee 

To D uff y in 

Prison M'Gee .... 

My Inver Bay. . . .Macmanus.. 

Passing of the 

Gael Macmanus. . 

Shiela-ni-Gara . . . Macmanus. . 

Dark Rosaleen . . .Mangan ... . 

Fair Hills of Eire. Maxgan ... 

Eathaleen-N y-Hou- 

lahan Mangan . . . 

Kinkora Mangan . . . 

Lament Mangan . . . 

Buried Forests of 

Erin Milligan . . 

After the Battle. .Moore .... 

' Fairest put on 

awhile' Moore .... 

'Go where glory 

traits thee ' . . . .Moore .... 

Irish Peasant to 

his Mistress ....Moore .... 

Meeting of the 

Waters Moore .... 

The Minstrel Boy. Moore .... 

' O the sight en- 
trancing ' Moore .... 

' Rich and rare 

were the gems 

she wore ' Moore .... 

Song of Fionnuala. Moore .... 

The harp that onceMooRE .... 

'When he who 

adores thee ' . . . Moore .... 

Loch Ina O'Brien . . . 

Tipperary O'Doherty.. 

Spinning Song ...O'Donnell. 

Tombs in the 

Church of M On- 
tario O'Donnell . 

'I give my heart 

to thee' O'Grady ... 

Dear Land O'Hagan . . 

Ourselves Alone. .O'Hagan ... 

To God and Ire- 
land True O'Leary ... 

At Fredericksburg 3 

Dec. 13, 1862 . . . .O'Reilly . . 

Ensign Epps, the 

Color-Bearer ...O'Reilly .. 

From 'Wendell 

Phillips' O'Reilly .. 

Mayflower O'Reilly . . 

In Exile: AustraliaOini 

Tin- Irishman . . . . Orr 

Song of an Exile. .Orr 

Erin, my Queen . . .Parnell . . 

Hold the Harvest. Parnell .. 

Post-Mortem ....Parnell .. 

Fight of the Arm- 

strona Privateer.RoCHB . 

Edward Duffy . . . Rossa 8 

Shane's Head .... Savage .... 8 

The Lost Tribune. Sigerson .. 8 

Corrymeela Skrine ... 8 

Lament for King 

Ivor Stokes . . . 

The Boyne Water. Street Bal- 
lad 8 

MacKenna's DreamSTREET Bal- 
lad 8 

By Memory In- 
spired Street Bal- 
lad 8 


6 2226 












7 2531 




7 2075 

7 2086 

7 2684 



7 2706 
7 2831 
7 2830 




8 3260 


General Index. 



Patriotic and War 

Protestant Boys. . Street Bal- 
lad 9 

Shan Van Vocht. .Street Bal- 
lad 9 

Wearin' o' the 

Oreen Street Bal 


Dear old Ireland. Sullivan . 

■ -God save Ireland. Sullivan .. 

Fairy Gold Todhunter, 

Longing Todhunter 

■ The Maiden City. . Tonna .... 

Orangeman's Sub- 
mission Tonna 9 

' Oh, green and 

fresh ' Tynan- 


The Exodus Wilde . . . 

To Ireland Wilde . . . 

Farewell to Amer- 
ica Wilde . . . 

Minister War-Song. Williams 


Archbishop Ireland 


of the Irish 







9 3461 
9 3570 
9 3573 

9 3599 
9 3607 

5 1662 

2 442 

— See Nationality and Imperialism. 

Patterson, Chief Justice 
C. P., duels with gen- 
tlemen 1 143 

Payne, Percy Somers 7 2878 

Pearce, Sir Edward 5 1914 

Pearl of the White 

Breast Petrie 8 .2886 

' Peasant Lore from 

Gaelic Ireland '.Deeny 

.. 3 

to his Mistress, 

The Irish Moore .... 7 

Superstitions of 

the Irish G 

English and Irish, 

compared 5 

Peasantry and landlords 1 

Character of the 

Irish . * 1 138 ; 3 854 ; O 

Conditions of the 9 

Dress of the 9 

Teck, H. T., on George 

Moore 7 

Pedersen, Dr., on the 

Irish vocabulary 4 

Peel, Sir R., Challenge 

of, to O'Connell 7 

on E. Burke 1 

' Peep O'Day, The ' Banim 1 

Peggy Browne. From 

the Irish Furlong . . 4 

Pelasgic style of archi- 
tecture 8 

' Pen and Ink Sketch of 

Daniel O'Connell ' . . Sheil 8 

Penal Days, Women in 

Ireland in Atkinson . 1 

■ Laws McCarthy. . O 

( reference) 7 

Injustice of the 5 

of 1695-97 9 

servitude, The hor- 
rors of 3 

' Penny numbers,' The 

evils of 2 

Pensions for veterans of 

the civil war 7 

Pentonville Prison 3 























People, Amusements of. O'Brien ... 7 2620 

' Perhaps ' Wynne 9 3649 

Persecution by Protest- 
ants and Roman Cath- 
olics alike 7 2790 

' Personal Narrative of 
a Pilgrimage to 
El Medinah and 

Mecca' Burton 2 

' Sketches ' Barrington. 1 

129, 138, 
Personification of Ire- 
land 1 

Pery, E. S., Speaker of 
Irish House of Par- 
liament 7 

Petre, Lord, and Father 

O'Leary 7 

Petrie, George 8 

on the Round Tow- 






ers 9 3489 


Petrie's ' Christian De 
scriptions ' (cited) 

Petticoats, Ancient Irish 9 

Phantom Ship, The ...Milligan .. 6 

Phaudrig Crohoore . . . . Le Fanu 

Philandering Boyle . , 

Philippic Against Flood. Grattan 

Philips, Bishop, of Kil- 


Phillips, Charles S 

Sir Thomas, pri- 
vate collector of 
Irish MSS 7 

' Philo-Junius.' See Sir 
Philip Francis. 


-Poetry of Words. .Trench ... 9 

Language of the 

Ancient Irish . . Ware 9 

Place names in 

Ireland 6 

Surnames of the 

Ancient Irish . . Ware 9 

Philosopher, Emerson, 

The 7 

' Philosophical Survey 
of the South of Ire- 
land, A ' 


Extracts from ' The 

Querist ' Berkeley 

Glimpse of his 

Country House. .Berkeley 

True Pleasures ..Berkeley 

Thoughts on Vari- 
ous Subjects . . . Swift . . . 
Twelve Articles. . . Swift 





Phoenix Park 1 

Phooka's Tower, The 6 

Phosphor, The Planet 

Venus. Hesperus cmdCLARKE . 

Picture of Ulster McNevin 

Pig Fair (half-tone en- 

' Pilgrimage to El Me- 
dinah and Mecca, Per- 
sonal Narrative of a 'Burton . 

Pilgrimages in olden 

times 1 

Pilgrims Armstrong, l 

Pilkington, John Carta- 

ret 7 

Pillar Towers of Ire- 
land, The MacCarthy. 6 

Pillars of Hercules • 2 

Pinchbeck Heroes, The 

Worship of Goldsmith. 4 


0O 32 






7 2556 

7 2695 








7 2484 

1 408 






Irish Literature. 

PlozzI, Slgnor 

Piper, A Blind Irish 

(half-tone engraving) 


Pitt, William Madden 

and Sheridan 

on Grattan's ora- 

- Sheridan's retort 


. 6 2471 

Pitt's First Income Tax 
Bill, Speech in Oppo- 
sition to Sheridan 

Pity of Love, The Yeats .. . 

Place of Rest, The Russell 

names in Ireland 

5 1762 
9 3447 

6 2284 
3 1194 

7 xv 

8 3122 


Plague in Ireland, The 

Famine and the 

Planet Venus, Hesperus 

and Phosphor, The. .Clarke 

Plato ' 

Plato's ' Timoeus ' 

Players in London dur- 
ing the reign of 

Henry VII 

Pica for Liberty of Con- 
science O'Leary 

the Study of 

Irish, A O'Brien 

' Pleasant Ned Lvsaght ' 

Pleasing, The Art of. . .Steele . 

Plebeian bards, The 

Tledge, Signing the 

Plower, The COLUM . 

Plunket, William 


A master of ora- 

and the Irish na- 
tional Parlia- 

as a Monk of the 


Bulwer on 

Oratory of, de- 

8 3072 

9 3704 
8 2997 
6 2228 
5 1925 




Plttnkett, Sir Horace 


Pocket boroughs, Irish 

Parliament elected bv 

Pockrich, Richard, in- 
ventor of the musical 

' Poems ' Yeats .... 

Poet and Publisher. .. .Johnstone. 

77ou> to Become o.Fahy 

Poetry. (All poems are indexed 
under their titles and first 

Irish, B. Spenser 


Modern Irish, 

Yeats on 

of Words, The . . .Trench . . . 

Poet's Corner in West- 
minster Abbey 

'Poets and Dreamers '.Gregory . 

6 2347 

7 2789 

7 2614 
G 2106 

8 3206 
3 xviii 

6 2398 
2 612 

8 2894 

7 xxvlli 

6 2171 

5 1957 

7 xxv 

7 xxv 

8 2908 

6 2162 

7 2690 
9 3704 
5 1709 
3 1124 

in Ancient Ireland.. 

of the Agrarian 

movement . . . . 

— Fenian move- 


— Nation. See 

Modern Irish 

4 ix 

3 vii 
9 3434 

4 lam 

4 1455 


2 xviii 



Poets of Young Ire- vol. page 
land, W. B. Yeats on 3 viil 

Pole, Wellesley, a 

Monk of the Screw 5 1957 

Polemical ballads, On s s^rq 

Policy for Ireland, On 

*?* ■ ■ • • Meagher. . . 6 241 5 

Political humor q ix 

satire. See Rack- 
renters on the 

Politics and Gov- 

Swift as a Pam- 
phleteer Boyle l 260 

England and Ire- 

*?"#• Bhyce 1 346 

Chat h a m and 

Townshend ....Bcrke 1 391 

Extracts from a 

Letter to a Noble 

Lord Burke .... 1 379 

Extracts from the 

Impeachment of 

Warren Ha sting sBvrke .... 1 383 

On American Tax- 
ation Burke .... 1 373 

On Conciliation 

with America ..Burke .... 1 376 

On Land Tenure. .Butt 2 422 

On the English 

Constitution ...Canning .. 2 465 

Disarming of Ul- 
ster Curran ... 2 780 

Farewell to the 

Irish Parliament.CvitnA-n ... 2 783 

Liberty of the 

Press Curran ... 2 778 

On Catholic Eman- 
cipation Curran ... 2 773 

Speech at Newry 

Election Curran ... 2 788 

How the Anglo- 
Irish Problem 
Could be Solved .T>a.vitt .... 3 832 

How to Govern 

Ireland De Verb... 3 854 

On Irishmen as 

Rulers Dufferin . . 3 938 

On a Commercial 

Treaty w i t h 

France Flood 3 1219 

Reply to Grattan's 

Invective Flood 3 1212 

To the Duke of 

Grafton Francis ... 3 1228 

Duty of Criticism 

in a Democracy . Godkin ... 4 1290 

Liberty in Eng- 
land Goldsmith. 4 1331 

Declaration of 

Irish Rights . . . Grattan ... 4 1388 

Of the Injustice of 

Disqualifica tion 

of Catholics ....Grattan ... 4 1405 

Philippic against 

Flood Grattan .. . 4 1400 

Native Land of 

Liberty Ireland ... 5 1662 

Politics at Dinner. King 6 1833 

Faith of a Felon. . Lalor .... 5 1855 

Beginnings of 

Home Rule McCarthy.. 6 2174 

How Ireland Lost 

Her Parliam en t. McCarthy. . G 2161 

The Irish Church. McCarthy. . 6 2148 

General Index. 



Politics and Gov- 

Penal Laws, The. .MacCarthy. 6 217G 

On the Policy for 

Ireland Meagher . . 6 2415 

A Nation's Right. . Molyneux.. 6 2460 

Colonial Slavery, 

1831 0'CONNELL. . 7 2650 

Justice for Ire- 
land O'Connell. . 7 2641 

On Catholic RightsO' Connell. . 7 2629 

Gladstone and the 

Great Home Rule 

Delate O'Connor .. 7 2656 

Address Before the 

House, Washing- 
ton Parnell ... 7 2861 

. The Union Plunkbt .. 8 2896 

First Step toward 

Home Rule Redmond... 8 2926 

■ Nationaliti/ and 

Imperialism ....Russell ... 8 2989 

■ Ireland's Part in 

English Achieve- 
ment Sheil .... 8 3057 

Speech in Opposi- 
tion to Pitt's 
First /ncome-TaaSHERiDAN.. . 8 3072 

Our Exiles Sullivan. .. 9 3328 

Brass Half-pence. . Swift .... 9 3369 

Short View of Ire- 
land Swift 9 3362 

Essay on the State 

of Ireland in 

1720 Tone 9 3415 

State of Ireland in 

1798, The Tone 9 3421 

— — Some College Rec- 
ollections Walsh ...» 3513 

Politics at Dinner ....King 5 1833 

Bryce on American 1 338 

Pollruane 7 2763 

Pooka, The, described 

(see also Phooka) 3 xix 

Pope, A., on Sir John 

Denham 3 849 

on the Earl of 

Roscommon 8 2981 

Poppjea, The Empress 2 740 

Popular Superstitions. See The Celtic 
Element in Literature ; Su- 
perstitions ; Fairy and Folk 
tales, etc. 

Population of Ireland, 

Decrease in 9 341G 

Portland, Duke of, on 

the Union 8 2897 

Portia to to Paradise, 

From Downey ... 3 891 

Portmore 3 928 

Portsalon 6 2432 

Portstewart 4 1518 

Position of Women in 

the United States. . .Bryce 1 343 

Positiveness, Swift on 9 3377 

Posterity, Sir Boyle 

P.oche on 1 135 

Post-Mortem Parnell ... 7 2870 

Pot of Broth, The 10 xiv 

Post Office, The, in 1830 

(half-tone engraving) 6 2107 

Potato failure of 1846 4 1572 

" Potatoes and point " 4 1504 

' Poteen Punch ' Bodkin ... 1 232 

Poulanass 5 2052 

Poul-a-Phooka (half- 
tone engraving) 5 1796 

Poynings Act passed in 

1495 9 

Law. 3 1210, 1213 ; 4 

1401, 1403; 6 2161; 9 

Repealed 9 


Practical Illustration, A. Shaw S 

joking 8 

Prejudices, Swift on 9 

Racial 8 

Premium, Mr. (charac 
ter in ' School for 
Scandal ') 

Prendergast, John 
Patrick 8 

Prentice boys, The 9 

Preponderance of Prot- 
estant power 9 

Presentation at the Vice- 
regal court, Dublin 1 246 ; <> 

Press, Liberty of the.. Be Verb... 3 

The Liberty of MeCuRRAN ... 2 

Preternatural 'in Ficf/ow. Burton ... 1 

Prevalence of Irish hu- 
mor 6 






8 3105 













Priest, Love of Irish forBANiM 

Priest's Brother, The.. .Shorter 

Soul, The Wilde . 

Priests at Drogheda, 

Murder of the 

Primitive Irish, An- 
tiquity of the 2 

Prince of Dublin Print- 
ers, The Gilbert ... 4 

of Inismore, The.. Morgan ... 7 

Princess Talleyrand as 

a Critic, The Blessington 1 

' Principles of Govern- 
ment ' O'Brien ... 7 

Printers, The Prince of 

Dublin Gilbert ... 4 

Prison Code, The 6 

' Diary, Leaves 

from a ' Davitt. 3 832, 

To Duffy in M'Gee 6 

Private Miles O'Reilly. See Halpine. 

' Problems of Modern 

Democracy ' Godkin ... 4 1290 

Procession of peers at 

Lord Santry's trial 7 2725 

Proclamation, a, con- 
cerning Shane the 
Proud lO 3S43 

Procrastination, Evils of 4 1535 

Progress, Human 1 175 

Proleke Stone, The 

(half-tone engraving) 7 2666 

Promised Wife, To my. Walsh .... 9 3510 

Progresses (migrations) 2 xii 

Property tax, O'Connell 

on the 7 2633 

Prophecy regarding Ja- 
cob's Stone, The 7 2717 

Prosecutions, Evils of 

State 9 3552 

Prospect, A 6 2107 

Prospecting in Montana 3 965 

Protection to American 

Industry 4 1296 

Protestant Boys Street Bal- 
lad ..... 9 3311 

' Garrison in Ire- 
land, The ' 6 2153, 2156 

" 3423 

power in Ireland 9 

• The great orators 
in Irish Parlia- 
ments were 7 



Irish Literature. 


Proud of you, fond of 
you Downing . . 3 916 

Proudly the note of the 

trumpet is sounding. McCann ... 6 2126 

Prout, Father. See Mahony. 

Famous Blarney- 
Stone stanza of, 
in The Groves of 
Blarney 6 2441 

on ' Lalla Itookh.* 6 2342 

— Moore's ' Nation- 
al Melody ' 6 2342, 2345 

T. C. Croker 2 680 

' Reliques of Fa- 
ther ' Mahony ... 6 2337 

Proverbs, Early Irish, 

joyous 6 vil 

See Irish Ranns 10 3833 

Prussia, The King of, 

cited on land tenure 7 28G6 

Psalter of Rosbrine 7 2853 

Psalters of Tara and 

Cashel, The 7 2664 

Psychological method of 

studying literature 3 868 

Public opinion, Effect of 

French Revolution on 9 3424 

Puca, The, becomes 

Puck in Shakespeare 4 is 

Pue's Occurrences (a 

Dublin newspaper) 5 1919 

Puff, Orator MoORH .... 7 2541 

Pugin's 'Revival of 
Christian Architec- 
ture ' (quoted) 8 3238 

Pulpit, Bar, and Parlia- 
mentary Eloquence. .Bahrington. 1 127 

Purdon. Epitaph on Ed- 
ward Goldsmith. 4 1383 

Put your head, darling. Ferguson.. . 3 1183 

Pyramids, The Warborton. 9 3529 

Pythagoras 2 602 


Suare Gander, The.... Lb Fanc... 5 1928 
uand je suis mort, je 

veux qu'on m'enterre.MAROT .... 6 2338 
Quarrelsome Irishmen . .O'Keeffe .. 7 2773 
Quarterly Review, The, 

founded by John Wil- 
son Croker ... 2 675 

Quebec, Darby Doyle's 

Voyage to Ettingsall. 3 1114 

Queen and Cronvtcell, 

The Wills 9 3612 

Queen's County Witch, 

A (fairy and folk 

tale) Anonymocs. 3 1150 

Queenstown (half-tone 

enpravlng) 2 427 

Querist, Extracts from 

The Berkeley.. . 1 177 

Querns or hand-mills 5 1736 

Quiet Irish Talk, A Keeling . . . 6 1769 

Quin, Matthew and 

Mary 8 2915 

Quotation, A Pointed 7 2652 


Rabelais 3 873 

Race prejudices 8 2995 

Racial flavor in Irish 

literature 2 xvlll 





Racing, Irish love of 8 

Rackett Lady (character 
in ' Three Weeks 
After Marriage') 7 

Sir Charles (char- 
acter in ' Three 
Weeks After Mar- 
riage *) 7 

Rackrent, Castle Edgeworth. 3 

Family, Continua- 
tion of the Mem- 
oirs of the Edgeworth. 3 1014 

Rackrenters on the 

Stump Sullivan . . 9 3333 

Raftcry. Anthony lO 3917, 3923 

(biography) 10 4022 

and Mary Hynes 9 3667 

and the Bush 9 3671 

How long has it 

been said 10 3917 

The Cuis Da pie 10 3917 

Raftery's poems among 

the people 4 1609 

— poetry 9 3671 

Repentance Hyde 10 3911 

Raglan, Lord, at Bal- 


Railroad Story, A. See 

In the Engine-Shed. 
Raise the Cromltch 

high Rolleston. 8 

' Raising the Wind '. . ..Kenney ... 5 
Rakes of Mallow, The. Street Bal- 
lad 9 

Raleigh in Munster. . .Downey ... 3 
Rambling Reminiscen- 
ces Milligan. . . G 

Ramelton 4 1512 ; O 

Ramillie cock-hat, The 9 

Ramsay, Grace. See O'Meara. 
Randle, Dr., Bishop of 

Derry, cited on Lord 

Santry's Trial 7 

Ranelagh Gardens 1 

Ranns, Irish 10 

Raphoe, Donegal 6 

Rapparee, The, among 

the hill fern 3 

Rapparees, The Irish. . Duffy .... 3 

Raps 9 

Rath Maolain (Rath- 

mullen) 2 

of Croghan, The 3 

Cruane 7 

8 3012 









!>. r >7 



Rathdowney 3