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University of California 







Irish Rhode Islanders 

in the — 

American Revolution 






With some mention of those serving in the Regiments of 

Elliott, Lippitt, Topham, Crary, Angell, Olney, 

Greene, and other Noted 



Secretary-General, American-Irish Historical Society. 

OF TH£ \ 

\, .^ OF / 




"€itat t\[i IDotlb mai) Knotn I " 





THE Irish chapter in American history possesses 
great interest. The chapter is an essential one, 
and deserves careful attention, earnest study and high 
respect. The Irish element forms a basic part of the 
American people. Consequently, a knowledge of this 
part is necessary to the proper understanding of the 
origin, growth and integration of that people. 

We can, as Americans, pursue this study very profita- 
bly. We may begin the Irish chapter back in the sixth 
or the seventh century with the reputed advent on these 
shores of the Irish Brendan.^ Or if we prefer for the 
time to waive that tradition, we may start at 1620 and 
the Mayflower. 

Rev. William Elliot GrifTis, in his work Brave Little 

iSee De Roo's History of America Before Columbus (Philadelphia, Pa., J. B. 
Lippincott Co., 1900). A work of extraordinary interest and value. 

Webb's Compendium of Irish Biography (Dublin, 1878). 

O'Donoghue's Brendaniana. St. Brendan the Voyager^ in Story and Legend 
(Dublin, 1893). 

La Navigatio Sancti Brendani. Edita ed illustrata da Francesco Novati (Berga- 
mo, Cattaneo, 1892). 

Voyages {Les) Merveilleux de Saint Brandan h la Recherche du Paradis ter- 
reste. Avec introduction par Francisque-Michel (Paris, 1878). 

Gustav Schirmer's Zur Brendanus-Legende. P rob evorle sung iiber Irlands 
Antheil an der Englischen Liieratur (Leipzig, 1888). 

Joyce's History of Ireland (London, 1893). 

Note to Otway's Sketches in Erris and Tyrawley (Dublin, 1845). 

North Ludlow Beamish's The Discovery of America by the Northmen in the Tenth 
Century^ with Notices of the Early Settlements of the Irish in the Western Hemis 
fhere (London, 1841). 


Holland ajid what She Taught Us (Boston and New 
York, 1894), says on page 208: "In the Mayflower 
. were one hundred and one men, women, boys 
and girls as passengers, besides captain and crew. These 
wereJ];of Enghsh, Dutch, French, and Irish ancestry, and 
thus typical of our national stock." 

Plymouth was founded in 1620. William Bradford, 
who became governor of the colony, has left a manu- 
script history of the plantation. This history was recently 
(Boston, 1898) issued in printed form by the state of 
Massachusetts. In it is mentioned the arrival at 
Plymouth colony in \626-2'] of a ship with a large 
number of passengers on board. Bradford says : " The 
cheefe amongst these people was one M^ Fells and M^ 
Sibsie, which had many servants belonging unto them, 
many of them being Irish." 

Irish names are found in Virginia as early as 1621. 
Doubtless there were Irish among the passengers who, in 
1630, came to *' the Bay" in the ships with John Win- 
throp. Indeed, Winthrop in his Journal specifically 
refers to an Irishman — Field — who was at that time, or 
soon after, a member of the colony. Capt. Daniel Pat- 
rick is believed to have been an Irishman. One histori- 
cal writer states that his surname was originally Gillpat- 
rick, and that he had gone over to Holland where he 
followed a military career, and eventually married a 
Dutch wife. 

We know from Hotten's Original Lists and other 
authorities that Irish emigration to Virginia was in pro- 
gress as far back as i634-'35. There were Irish in 
Maryland at as early a period. Many Irish pioneers 
were in the West Indies at the same time. A list of 

people in Barbadoes,^ in 1638, who then possessed more 
than ten acres of land each, contains a number of typi- 
cally Irish names. We know that William Collins^ led a 
number of Irish refugees, about 1640, to Connecticut from 
the West Indies. There were Irish Catholics in New 
York in 1642. Settlers bearing Irish names are found in 
Rhode Island in Roger Williams' day. 

On his return from England, in 1644, Williams brought 
letters to ''leading men of the Bay" in which Irish 
comers to America are mentioned. The great Irish 
revolt against England in 1 641, and the preceding and 
succeeding wars exiled thousands of Irish Catholics. 
Exodus followed exodus during Cromwell's barbarous 
career. These facts indicate that Irish immigration to 
the American colonies had, at that period, already 
attained large proportions. 

In 1652 Cromwell's commissioners in Ireland^^rrecom- 
mended^ that " Irish women as being too numerous now 
be sold to merchants and transported to 
Virginia, New England, Jamaica, or other countries." 
The recommendation w^as carried out. In 1653 Captain 
John Vernon contracted with Messrs. Sellick and Leader 
for 250 women of the Irish nation and 300 Irish men, " to 
transport them into New England." These were to be 
secured in the country within twenty miles^of Cork, 
Youghal and Kinsale, Waterford and Wexford. 

Bruodin^ expresses the opinion that over 100,000 Irish 

1 Narragansett Historical Register. 

2 Felt's Ecclesiastical History of New England. 

2 See Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland ; Thebaud's IrisJi'Race in 
the Past and Present ; Condon's Irish Race in America ; Cullen's Story of the Irish 
in Boston; Walpole's History of the Kingdom of Ireland ; Thomas D'Arcy Mc- 
Gee's History of Early Irish Settlers in North America. 

^Propiiguaculum (Pragae anno 1669), quoted in Condon's Irish Race in America. 

were then obliged to leave their native land. According 
to a letter in Dr. Lingard's possession, fully 60,000 Irish 
people of both sexes were transported in a single year, 
1656. These are but a few instances of many conditions 
and causes under which and for which the Irish early 
came not only to New England, Pennsylvania, Virginia, 
and neighboring colonies, but also to the islands of the 
West Indies. 

The accession of Charles II did not stem the tide of 
Irish immigration which has continued to this day. They 
came then, as they come now, from every province in 
Ireland — from Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht. 
The period of King Philip's war, i675-'76, found many 
Irish throughout New England. The writer recently 
compiled a list of Irish ^ soldiers who fought in that war 
in defense of the colonies, and the material was then by 
no means exhausted. From 1676 to 1776, a period of 
one hundred years, great waves of Irish immigration, 
closely following each other, came to the American col- 
onies. A large part of these sturdy people who thus 
came to our shores were Roman Catholics, due credit be- 
ing given a host of Irish Protestants who also fled the old 
land with their Catholic fellow-countrymen. 

At this late day no argument is necessary to sustain 

1 The Irish Soldiers in King Philifs War {Rosary Magazine, New York city, 
March, 1896). A number of soldiers bearing Irish names came to Rhode Island 
during Philip's war (i675-'76), from Connecticut and the " Bay." They included: 
James Murphy, Daniel Tracy, Edward Larkin, John Roach, James Welch and John 
Casey. Murphy, Tracy, Larkin, Roach and Welch are all believed to have been 
from Connecticut. Casey was from what is now the town of Brookline, Mass., then 
called Muddy River. He was wounded in the " Great Swamp fight." Roach was 
subsequently given, as a gratuity, by the town of Norwalk, Conn., a tract of land 
"consisting of twelve acres more or less laid out upon the west side of the West 
Rock, so called." In the Norwalk records, he is spoken of as a soldier in the 
" Direful Swamp Fight." 

the assertion that the triumph of our Revolution was in a 
large measure due to the Irish who bore arms in the 
cause of hberty. This has been amply testified to by 
Washington, Lee, Franklin, Custis and a host of other 
eminent authorities. In England similar testimony has 
been given by Galloway, Robertson, Mountjoy and a 
number of other well-informed personages. 


Many Irish settled in Rhode Island long before the 
Revolution.! In addition to those arriving from Con- 
necticut and the *' Bay," others undoubtedly landed, 
direct from the Old Country, at Providence, Newport and 
other points. In his researches, the writer has found the 
following typically Irish names in Rhode Island as early 
as the period mentioned in each case : 

Larkin, 1655; Dunn, 1655 ; Casey, 1663 ; Kelly, 1669; 
Macoone, 1669; Heffernan, 1671 ; Martin, 1677; 
Macarte (MacCarthy),^ 1677; Long, 1677; Devett, 
1685; Malavery, 1687; Dailey, 1689; Linniken, 1690; 
Cary, 1693; Bring, 1696; Doyle, 1698; Higgins, 1699; 
Moore, 1700; Walch, 1703; Mitchell, 1703; Coursey, 
171 3; Murphy, 171 8; Lawless, 1720; Carty, 1721 ; 
Mackown, 1723; O'Harra, 1728 ; Phelon, 1730; Shay, 
1731; Joyce, 1731; Conner, 1732; Casside (Cassidy), 
1732; Gallagher, 1736; Lyon, 1737; Mackey, 1737; 
Hurley, 1740; McCane, 1740; Sullivan, 1740; Whelen, 
1740-41; McGonegal, 1742; Delaney, 1742; Farrell, 
1742; MulhoUand, 1742 ; Rourk, 1742 ; Dempsey, 1743 ; 

1 The names of many of them may be found in Arnold's Vital Record of Rhode 

2 See pamphlet on Charles McCarthy, A Rhode Island Pioneer, ^^11 1 by Thomas 
Hamilton Murray (Somerset, O., 1901). 


Fitzgerald, 1743; Hanley, 1745; Egan, 1745; McDon- 
ald, 1745; Donnelly, 1747; Tally, 1747; Byrn, 1747; 
Lanahan, 1750; Maguire, 1750; O'Brien, 1751; Dono- 
van, 1751; Barrett, 1751; Cavenaugh, 1752; Flynn, 
1752; Murray, 1752; Hickey, 1752; Hartagan, 1753; 
McMuUen, 1754; Bourk, 1755; Dwyer, 1756; O'Neil, 
1756; Ryan, 1756; Magee, 1758; Donohoe, 1758; 
Sheehan, 1759; Hearn, 1759; McGrath, 1759; Mullen, 
1760; Gorman, 1761 ; Lary, 1761 ; Dermott, 1761 ; 
Fitzpatrick, 1761 ; Dunphy, 1765 ; Carroll, 1768; Roach, 
1773; Mahoney, 1774; Rohan, 1774. It is quite prob- 
able that some of the foregoing names are found in Rhode 
Island even at earlier periods. 


Rhode Island was among the first of the colonies to re- 
sent British oppression. In 1765 she vigorously opposed 
the Stamp Act and denied the right of any power but her 
own General Assembly to levy taxes on the colony. In 
1766 a liberty tree was dedicated in Newport. In 1768 a 
like event took place in Providence. 

During the next year a British revenue sloop was at- 
tacked at Newport. In June, 1772, another British vessel, 
the armed revenue schooner Gasj)ee^ was attacked some 
miles below Providence, by a patriotic expedition from 
the latter place, and destroyed. Her commander was 
wounded and Dr. Henry Sterling, an Irish surgeon of 
Providence, was called^ to attend him. Deputy Governor 
Darius Sessions writing to Governor Wanton, under date 
of Providence, June 12, 1772, relative to the attack on the 

^ Dr. Mawney is also mentioned in this respect. 

Gaspee, says: ''P. S. Dr. Sterling, who attends Capt. 
Dudingston, informed us yesterday that he was in a fair 
way to recover of his wounds." In 1775 James Black, 
partner of Alexander Black, an Irishman and leading mer- 
chant, was a member of the committee of inspection for 
Providence, appointed to maintain trade on an equitable 

At the outbreak of the Revolution the Irish in Rhode 
Island were not only numerous but included people of 
weight and influence. They did much toward fanning the 
flames of patriotism. 

Events moved rapidly. Washington visited Providence 
in April, 1776. On May 4 of that year the Assembly 
formally renounced allegiance to Great Britain. This was 
two months before the general Declaration of Independence 
at Philadelphia. 

The number of troops^ enlisted from Rhode Island dur- 
ing the War of the Revolution was as follows: In 1775, 
1,193 men; in 1776, 1,900; in 1777, 2,048; in 1778, 
3,056; in 1779,1,263; in 1780,915; in 1781,464; in 
1782, 481 ; in 1783, 372. 


At least two generals of Irish parentage were promi- 
nently identified with Rhode Island during the Revolution. 
They were Henry Knox and John Sullivan. Knox was 
born in Boston, Mass., and became a member of the Char- 
itable Irish Society of that city, an organization of which 
his father was a founder. The General also belonged to 

1 From the American Almanac, quoted in the R. I. State Manual. Some Rhode 
Island authorities hold that the number of enlistments was larger than here given. 


the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, of Philadelphia.^ Sulli- 
van was the son of an Irish schoolmaster.^ The latter's 
name was at one time O'SuUivan, and in the old land the 
clan had fought English oppression for centuries. It was 
eminently fitting that an American scion of the family 
should be found opposing the same power that had per- 
secuted his Irish forefathers. 

Knox, then a colonel, was in Rhode Island in April, 
1776. At the request of Governor Cooke he planned 
defenses for Newport, of which the governor informed 
Washington^ in the following letter : *' I prevailed upon 
Colonel Knox who passed through this town [Providence] , 
on his way to Norwich, to take a view of Newport, and to 
direct such works to be thrown up as he should think 
necessary for the defence of the place. He is clearly of 
opinion that the town of Newport may be secured ; and 
hath left some directions, which I have ordered to be car- 
ried into execution. They have begun the works, and I 
believe will this day complete a battery which commands 
the north entrance of the harbor. To-morrow they begin 
the fortifications upon Fort Island ; and if it be in our 
power to complete the works, I have no doubt it will put 
a total end to toryism in this colony." 

1 Quite a number of patriots who attained eminence during the Revolution belonged 
to Irish organizations. Thus, Hon. Thomas McKean, a signer of the Declaration of 
Independence, was the first president of the Hibernian Society, of Philadelphia ; 
Stephen Moylan, the distinguished soldier, was the first president of the Friendly 
Sons of St. Patrick, Philadelphia; "Mad Anthony" Wayne belonged to both these 
societies, as did also John Barry, the famous naval officer. Other members of the 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Philadelphia, or of the Hibernian Society of that city 
were : Gen. Richard Butler, Gen. Edward Hand, Gen. William Irvine, Gen. Walter 
Stewart, Gen. William Thompson, Col. John Nixon, Col. Sharp Delaney, Col. 
Charles Stewart, Col. John Patton, Lieut. Col. George Latimer, Lieut. Col. Thomas 
Robinson and many other gallant men of the Revolutionary period. 

2 Thomas C. Amory's Master Sullivan of Berwick. 
* Drake's Memoir of Henry Knox. 


Knox's letter to Washington concerning the foregoing 
incident, was as follows : 

''Norwich, 21 April, 1776. 

'' In passing through Providence, Governor Cooke and 
a number of the principal people were very pressing for 
me to take Newport on my way, in order to mark out 
some works for that place. . . . Knowing your excel- 
lency's anxiety for the preservation of every part of the 
continent, I conceived it to be my duty to act in conform- 
ity to your wishes, especially as I could get to Norwich as 
soon as the stores which set out on the 14th. Accord- 
ingly I went to Newport, and marked out five batteries, 
which from the advantageous situation of the ground, 
must, when executed, render the harbor exceedingly 
secure. . . . " 

Knox also visited Rhode Island at other times. He 
speaks of being entertained at Newport by the French 
officers, including Count Rochambeau, the Counts Deux 
Fonts, Gen. Chastellux, Marquis Laval, and others. He 
mentions especially Chastellux "■ at whose felzts sou-pers 
I was invited two evenings out of three during when at 


Sullivan took command of the Rhode Island department 
in 1778, conducted the siege of Newport,^ commanded in 
the subsequent battle and remained in the state until late 
in March, 1779. Under him at the battle on the island 
were also his brothers, James ^ and Eben. His forces in- 
cluded many officers and men of Irish lineage. 

1 Amory's Life of Major-General John Sullivan. 
* Amory's Life of Governor James Sullivan. 


Upon the declaration of independence in Rhode Island, 
the courts of law had been declared to be no longer con- 
sidered as the king's courts. It was forbidden under 
heavy penalties to pilot any of the king's ships in Rhode 
Island waters. It was decreed by the General Assembly 
" That if any person within this State shall, under pre- 
tence of praying or in any other way and manner what- 
ever, acknowledge or declare the said King to be our 
Lord and Sovereign, or shall pray for the success of his 
arms, . . . shall be deemed guilty of a high misde- 
meanor." The penalty provided was a fine of i^ioo and 
all the costs of prosecution. On May 3, 1775, Governor 
Joseph Wanton, who was of strong Tory proclivities, was 
suspended by the General Assembly of Rhode Island, and 
on Nov. 7, 1775, he was formally deposed. 

The Irish element — and by this the writer means those 
of Irish descent as well as of Irish birth — was handsomely 
represented in the forces raised by the infant state. The 
following list of Irish Rhode Islanders who rendered patri- 
otic service in civic, military, or naval spheres during the 
Revolution illustrates this. Some of the Rhode Island 
forces did duty as State troops, others as Continentals. 

The list here presented has been compiled only after 
careful research and investigation. If by accident, how- 
ever, any names appear here that should not, the writer is 
convinced that they are more than counterbalanced by 
names which might be included, but which are not, owing 
to want of distinctiveness. Thus, without question, there 
were many Irish Rhode Islanders whose names are not 
sufificiently typical to indicate their Hibernian origin. 
There were probably scores of such, which, if added to 
this roll, would greatly extend it. 


The authorities consulted in the preparation of the hst 
have been many. They include muster and size rolls of 
the Revolution, records of the General Assembly, official 
war correspondence, company and regimental reports, and 
other equally authoritative sources. The large manu- 
script volumes in the possession of Rhode Island's secre- 
tary of state have been examined, and so, too, has the card 
index in the office of the R. I. Record Commissioner. 
Use has also been made of that valuable work, Cowell's 
Spirit of'jb in Rhode Island. Material has also been 
received from Miss Virginia Baker, author of The History 
of Warren, Rhode Isla7id, In the War of the Revolu- 
tion. Mr. Edward Field's work. Revolutionary Defences 
in Rhode Island, has been consulted, as have Bicknell's 
History of Barrington, R. /., and like publications. 


Bagley, Dennis Burk, John 

Barns, Mark Burk, Tobias 

Barr, Matthew Burke, Edward 

Barrett, Daniel Burke, Joseph 

Barritt, John Burke, Timothy 

Barry, John Burn, Benjamin 

Bennett, Edward Burns, Peter 

Bennett, James Burns, Thomas 

Bennett, Joseph Burns, Walter 

Bennett, Matthew Burns, William 

Bishop, James Butler, James 

Black, James Butler, John 

Black, Samuel Cain, y\ndrew 

Boyd, Andrew Cane, Jeremiah 

Bryan, James Capron, Patrick 

Bryan, Matthew Carrell, John 

Buckley, Charles Carroll, Joseph 

Burk, David Carey, Thomas 


Gary, Michael 

Gary, William 

Gasey, Edward 

Gasey, James 

Gasey, John 

Caton, Patrick 

Gavan, Francis 

Glarke, Barney 

Glarke, Lawrence 

Gonley, John 

Gonner, Thomas 

Gonnor, Edward 

Gonway, John 

Gooney, Michael 

Gorkern [Corcoran?], Morris 

Gowen, John 

Gowen, Peter 

Gowen, Stephen 

Greed, William 

Grou, William 

Dailey, James 

Dailey, Peter 

Daily, James 

Daily, Stephen 

Daley, Peter 

Dawley, Daniel 

Dawley, Michael 

Day, Peter 

Doherty, Michael 

Donal, James 

Donnelly, Edward 

Donovan, Pierce 

Doolinty, Philip 

Dorrance, Alex. 

Dorrance, George 

Dorrance, George, Jr. 

Dorrance, John 

Dougherty, Michael 

Dougherty, Thomas 
Dowd, Daniel 
Doyle, Luke 
Driskel, Philip, Jr. 
Driskel, WilHam 
Driskill, Gornelius 
Driskill, John 
Driskil, Philip 
Driskill, Richard 
Dunn, Samuel 
Dunphy, Patt 
Duyer [or Dwyer] , Patrick 
Eagan, Robert 
Ennis, William 
Fee, William 
Fitzgerald, Edward 
Fitzgerald, Patten 
Fitzgerrald, Gerrald 
Flanagan, James 
Forde, Joseph 
Foster, James 
Foy, Patrick 
Gaffery, Joseph 
Galligher, Bernard 
Garey, Thomas 
Gibbons, John 
Gleeson, Thomas 
Griffen, James 
Griffin, Anthony 
Griffin, John 
Griffin, Phihp 
Hackett, Benjamin 
Hackmet, Patrick 
Hagerty, Gornelius 
Haney, John 
Hanley, Matthew 
Hannington, Patrick 
Hany, James 


Harrington, Patrick 
Harrington, Richard 
Hart, Matthew 
Hart, Nicholas 
Hayden, James 
Hayden, Richard 
Hayes, James 
Healy, David 
Hendly, Matthew 
Herrick, Martin 
Hervey, Edward 
Hervey, William 
Hickey, John 
Hickey, Patrick 
Hicks, Barnabas 
Hogan, Dennis 
Hogen, John 
Hughes, Thomas 
Huzzey, John 
Jackson, Bartholomew 
Jackson, Benjamin 
Jackson, Daniel 
Jackson, Thomas 
Joyce, Alfred 
Joyce, John 
Kelley, Daniel 
Kelley, Eleazer 
Kelley, Erasmus 
Kelley, Joseph 
Kelley, Michael 
Kelley, Thomas 
Kelley, William 
Kelly, Charles 
Kelly, David 
Kelly, Duncan 
Kelly, Eseck 
Kelly, John 
Kelly, Oliver 

Kelly, Stephen 
Kelly, Timothy 
Kelly, William 
Kenady, Hugh 
Kennady, Robert 
Kennedy, John 
Killey, John 
Killey, Michael 
Killey, Stephen 
King, James 
Kirby, John 
Knox, James 
Larkin, John 
Larkin, Timothy 
Lawless, John 
Lawless, William 
Lemasny, Daniel 
Long, Stephen 
Long, Thomas 
Lowery, James 
Lyon, Daniel 
Mackay, M. 
Madden, James 
Mahony, John 
Mahony, Timothy 
Malone, William 
Maloney, Thomas 
Manning, Joseph 
Martin, Jeremiah 
McAfferty, Charles 
McBride, Alexander 
McCaffray, Matthew 
McCall, William 
McCartee, Dennis 
McCartel, Dennis 
McCarthy, Ensign 
McCarthy, John 
McCarthy, Timothy 


McCavney, Francis 
McCloud, John 
McCowan, Hugh 
McCoy, William 
McDermot, Barnabus 
McDonald, Charles 
McDonnold, Hugh 
McDonnold, John 
McGowan, John 
McGrath, Edward 
McKown, Patrick 
McLaughlin, John 
McLouth, Lawrence 
McMillan, Charles 
McMillen, Peter 
McMilHon, Joseph 
McMillion, Peter 
McMilon, Joseph 
McMullan, Patrick 
McNamara, Patrick 
M'Carty, William 
M'Case, James 
M'Clanen, John 
Meloney, Thomas 
Miller, Daniel 
Mitchell, James 
Mitchell, John 
Mitchell, Thomas 
Mitchell, William 
Monks, Daniel 
Moore, Christopher 
Moore, John 
Moore, Michael 
Moore, William 
Moran, Joseph 
Morrigan, Michael 
Morris, Edward 
Morris, Peter 

Morrison, Peter 
Mullen, Charles 
Mulligan, Edward 
Mulligan, Francis 
Murfee, Edward 
Murfey, Edward 
Murphy, John 
Murphy, Martin 
Murray, Anthony 
Murray, John 
Murray, Thomas 
Murrey, Joseph 
Nagle, Arthur 
Nagle, Peter 
Noonen, John 
Norton, Joseph 
Obrian, Elizabeth 
O'Brian, John M. 
O'Brian, Patrick 
O'Briant, William 
O'Brien, William 
O' Bryan, William 
O'Daniel, Manie 
O'Harra, Geo. 
O'Kelley, John 
O'Neal, John 
Parker, William 
Patrick, James 
Powers, Edward 
Powers, Thomas 
Ragen, John 
Ray, Stephen 
Ray, Thomas 
Read, James 
Read, Joseph 
Read, Oliver 
Ready, Stephen 
Reynolds, James 


Reynolds, Thomas Tracy, Patrick 

Ryand [Ryan] , John Tuley, John 

Reily, Terence Wall, Daniel 

Riley, John Watson, Charles 

Ross, Edward Welch, James 

Shields, Richard Welch, John 

Smith, John Welch, John, 2d 

Sterling, Henry Whalen, Jeremiah 

Sullivan, Cornelius, Whalen, Joseph 

Sullivan, Daniel Whellon, Richard 

Sullivan, John Wilson, John 

Sullivan, William Wright, Michael 
Tracy, John 


It is, of course, possible that a few of the foregoing may 
not have been of Irish birth or extraction. The greater 
part of those mentioned in the Hst, however, undoubtedly 
were. We know, for instance, that James Bishop, WilHam 
Parker, Henry Sterling, John Wilson, Daniel Monks, and 
Charles Watson were natives of Ireland ; that Daniel Mil- 
ler, John Smith, James Foster, and John Huzzey were also 
born there ; and that Michael Dawley, John Dorrance, 
and Thomas Hughes were of Irish blood if not of Irish 
birth. Further mention of these will hereinafter be found. 

As for such names in the list as Burke, Casey, Connor, 
Conway, Dailey, Donovan, Doherty, Doyle, Eagan, Fitz- 
gerald, Flanagan, Hackett, Healey, Hagerty, Hogan, and 
the like, their national character is at once apparent. The 
same may be said of other names in the list, such as Kelly, 
Larkin, Maloney, McCarthy, McDermot, McGrath, Mc- 
Namara, Mullen, Mulligan, Murphy, O'Brian, O'Kelly, 
O'Neal, Reily, Sullivan, etc. 

The Rhode Island Revolutionary rolls also contain 


many names that are as much Irish as they are anything 
else, but which have not been included in the foregoing 
list for want of definite information concerning their bear- 
ers. Thus, for example, we find Blake, Bowen, Carr, 
Cummings, Dring, Ford, Fox, Halley, Harvey, Hines, 
Jordan, King, Lee, Stewart, Strange, Vaughan, and so on. 
Most of these names are to-day found in nearly every 
populous Irish locality, and doubtless some of those here 
cited were borne by Rhode Islanders of that blood. 

Company clerks and regimental adjutants frequently 
made unsuccessful attempts at correctly spelling Irish 
names, as, indeed, they also did with regard to other 
names. The names were often written merely as they 
sounded, and as they sometimes sounded differently to 
different clerks, one result has been, at times, a variety of 
spelling for the same name. 

Much Rhode Island matter relating to the War of Inde- 
pendence has been lost or is so scattered as to be inacces- 
sible. Muster rolls of companies and other documents 
cannot be found and thus, doubtless, we are deprived of a 
large number of Irish names which could be added to the 
roll. These Rhode Islanders of Irish blood must have 
some descendants living. It would be interesting to know 
if any of them are comprised in the membership of the 
patriotic-hereditary societies. A few words now with refer- 
ence to the individuals, or most of them, in the list here 

John Dorrance was of a family from Ireland^ which set- 
tled in the present town of Foster, R. I., about 1715-20. 
He graduated from Rhode Island College, now Brown 

Un the Boston Pilot, June 29, 1895, is an interesting article on the Rhode Island 
Dorrances here mentioned. 


University, became a member of the General Assembly, 
a judge, president of the Providence town council for six- 
teen years, and held many other positions of honor. He 
died in June, 1813. The Providence Gazette in an obit- 
uary notice states that " Judge Dorrance was descended 
from Irish parentage, but was himself born in Foster, this 
State. He received a degree from Rhode Island Col- 
lege^ and afterwards became a tutor, and since a member 
of the corporation of that institution." Continuing, it 
states that he was of unblemished integrity and undeviat- 
ing patriotism. 


Mention is found in the records of George Dorrance 
and of George Dorrance, Jr. The latter was, in 1775, 
appointed ensign of the lieutenant-colonel's company of 
the Regiment of Providence in the "Army of Observa- 
tion." George Dorrance was, in 1780, appointed lieutenant 
of the second company of Scituate, R. I. A Capt. 
George Dorrance appears, in 1 781, in a regiment raised 
by act of the General Assembly. He was doubtless the 
same individual. In 1782, George Dorrance, Jr., was com- 
missioned major of the Third regiment of militia in the 
county of Providence. Alex. Dorrance was a member of 
the company of " Captain General's Cavaliers." His 
name appears in a pay abstract for service in '' the late 
expedition to Rhode Island" — July 24 to Aug. 31, 1778. 

Dr. Henry Sterling, the Irish surgeon already men- 

iSee The Irish Chapter in the History of Brown University {Brown Magazine, 
Providence, R. I,, March, 1896). Some of the earliest funds for Rhode Island Col- 
lege, now Brown University, were raised in Ireland. Rev. Morgan Edwards went 
there on a collecting tour. His wife was Mary Nunn, of Cork. See Guild's History 
of the University. 


tloned, settled in Providence in 1756. He died here in 
1 8 10. In a notice at the time of his death, the Providence 
Gazette states that Dr. SterHng '' was a native of a town 
in the vicinity of Londonderry, in the Kingdom of Ireland." 
It also states that he '' was in hearty sympathy with the 
Revolution and aided the patriot cause with his advice and 
professional services." '' Capt. Samuel Allin " is mentioned 
as ** son-in-law of the deceased." 

When Washington ordered the advance of two invading 
divisions into Canada, Rhode Island men were among the 
first to respond. Captain Simeon Thayer, of Providence, 
recruited a company, enlisting every man himself. Many 
Irish served under him at different periods during the war. 
Among them were : John Barritt, John Carrell, Edward 
Conner, Thomas Garey, Patrick Hannington, James Hay- 
den, Cornelius Higgarty, or Hagerty, Edward Mulligan, 
John Ryand (Ryan), Patrick Tracy, and James Welch. 

One of the invading divisions was placed under Bene- 
dict Arnold, and the other under Richard Montgomery. 
The latter was an Irishman, a native of Raphoe, in the 
county Donegal. He had recently been made a brigadier- 
general. Before Quebec, Montgomery assumed the chief 
command. Captain Thayer's company had accompanied 
Arnold's division. Capt. Samuel Ward, of Westerly, 
R. I., was also in the expedition with his company, which 
included Thomas Dougherty and John Hickey. Captain 
Topham, of Newport, R. I., likewise participated with his 
company, in which were several Irish soldiers. 

Another notable participant was Dr. Isaac Senter, of 
Newport. He was a native of the Londonderry, N, H., Irish 
settlement. A letter to the writer, a few years ago, from 
the town clerk of Londonderry states that without much 


doubt the Senters were from Ireland, as they came to that 
settlement so soon after the rest. Dr. Senter accompanied 
the troops to Cambridge as a volunteer surgeon. Later he 
was appointed a surgeon in the Continental line and as- 
signed to Arnold's division. He was taken prisoner at 
Quebec but was soon released. Captain Thayer was also 


The death of the gallant Montgomery prevented the 
invasion from attaining the results anticipated. Senter, 
Thayer and others kept journals of the expedition. To 
these sources we are indebted for many interesting facts. 
Patrick Tracy, one of Thayer's men, was killed in the as- 
sault on Quebec. Cornelius Hagertyand Corporal James 
Hayden of the same company were wounded. In a work^ on 
the period reference is made to John M. Taylor, *' keen as 
an Irish greyhound," who was Arnold's purveyor and com- 
missary in the wilderness. Lieutenant William Cross is 
described as a '' handsome little Irishman, always neatly 
dressed, and commanded [on the Isle of Orleans] a de- 
tachment of about twenty men." 

Later, Thayer was commissioned major and was ordered 
to Rhode Island to support General Sullivan at the siege 
of Newport. He did not arrive, however, until three days 
after the battle that ensued. The Major was so great an 
admirer of General Montgomery, who fell at Quebec, that 
when, after the war, he established a hotel in Providence 
he called it the Montgomery hotel. He also named one 
of his sons Richard Montgomery Thayer, after the distin- 
guished soldier. 

^ Henry. 


John McCarthy and Cornelius SulHvan were soldiers of 
Colonel Elliott's regiment, which was raised in accordance 
with a recommendation of the *' Committee of the New Eng- 
land States " for the defense of Rhode Island. John McCoy, 
Daniel Lyon, and John Conway also belonged to the regi- 
ment. In September, 1776, Captain Hoppin's company 
numbered in its ranks Edward Murfee and John Driskill. 
This latter name is now commonly written DriscoU. 
James Donal was a member of Captain Dyer's company, 
in Col. Christopher Lippitt's regiment. His name is 
found in a ''Pay abstract " for September, 1776. Cor- 
rectly, the name may have been O'Donnell or, possibly, 
McDonnell. Benjamin Burn [Byrne or Burns?] was in 
September, 1776, of Captain Arnold's company, in Lip- 
pitt's regiment. 

It is likely that, in some instances, men from other 
states enlisted in Rhode Island regiments and that men 
from Rhode Island enlisted in regiments belonging to 
other states. This, however, does not materially affect 
our general perspective. 


Thomas Hughes, a gallant Rhode Island soldier, was of 
Irish descent. He was the only son ^ of Joseph and Mary 
Hughes and was born May 30, 1752. He was a captain 
in the Revolution, and a major in the War of 18 12. He 
was a sincere patriot, an accomplished officer and a credit 
to his Irish ancestry. 

1 1 am indebted for the facts here given concerning Thomas Hughes to Miss Mary 
A. Greene of Providence, R, I., and Mr. Henry L. Greene of Riverpoint, R. I. 
Miss Greene is descended from Thomas Hughes in her mother's hne and from Col. 
Christopher Greene on her father's side, Mr. Henry L. Greene is a great-grandson 
of Col. Christopher Greene. 


In the Rhode Island Colonial Records he is mentioned 
as of Freetown, Mass. His name first appears in the 
Revolutionary Records of Rhode Island in October, 1776, 
when he is mentioned as second lieutenant in Col. Israel 
Angell's battalion. In February, 1777, Hughes was 
chosen to be first lieutenant, and at some time between 
August and October, 1777, he was raised to the rank of 
captain. He served with Col. Israel Angell's regiment 
throughout the war. He was, therefore, present at the 
briUiant defense of Fort Mercer at Red Bank when the 
Hessians under Count Donop were repulsed by Captain 
Hughes's future father-in-law and commanding of^cer. Col. 
Christopher Greene. Hughes was with the Rhode Island 
troops at the battle of Rhode Island, Aug. 29, 1778, and 
also in May, 178 1, when Col. Christopher Greene was 
murdered by De Lancey's Loyalists in Westchester coun- 
ty, N. Y. Captain Hughes was at that time paymaster. 

In 1 79 1 the Rhode Island General Assembly appointed 
Col. Jeremiah Olney and Capt. Thomas Hughes agents 
for the proprietors of the Anaquacut farm in Tiverton, 
R. I., which was set off to the officers and soldiers of the 
late Continental battalion commanded by Colonel Angell. 
These agents successfully petitioned the General Assembly 
to make up a considerable deficiency demanded of them 
by the purchasers to whom they sold the land, and a 
resurvey was consequently ordered. 

Thomas Hughes was one of the original members of 
the Rhode Island Society of the Cincinnati, and appears 
on that society's record thus : " Capt. Thomas Hughes 
1st R. I. Continental Infantry." His Revolutionary rec- 
ord, as compiled by Heitman, in his volume, Officers of 
the Continental Army ^ is as follows: 


" Hughes, Thomas, (R.I.) 2nd Lieutenant nth Con- 
tinental Infantry ist January to 31st December, 1776; 
1st Lieutenant 2nd Rhode Island, ist January 1777; Cap- 
tain, 23rd June 1777; transferred to ist Rhode Island ist 
January 1781, and served to close of war." 

Thomas Hughes also served throughout the War of 
18 12, with the rank of major, and his widow drew a pen- 
sion till her death in 1844. He died Dec. 10, 1821, at 
his home at Centreville, R. I., in the northwestern part of 
the town of Warwick, R. I., and was buried in a family 
burying ground near by and later transferred. In April, 
1896, his second burial place was abandoned and the 
bodies were removed to Greenwood cemetery, Phenix, 
R. I., including the remains of Major Hughes, his wife 
and maiden daughter Sally. A marker of the Sons of 
the American Revolution has been placed at his grave, his 
being among the first fifty names drawn by lot by the 
Rhode Island Society of the Sons of the American Revo- 

Thomas Hughes married Feb. 27, 1782, Welthian (born 
Nov. 19, 1757; died, 1844), eldest child of Col. Christo- 
pher and Anne (Lippitt) Greene of Centreville, Warwick, 
R. I. The children of Thomas and Welthian Hughes 
were : 

1. Mary, born Jan. 4, 1783, married Burrows Aborn, 
and had eight children, all of whom died unmarried. 

2. Christopher Greene, born July 9, 1785 ; died at New 
Orleans, La., July 22, 181 5, unmarried. (A sea cap- 

3. Phebe, born Sept. i, 1787, married her mother's 
first cousin, Jeremiah, son of (Judge) William and 


Welthian (Lippitt) Greene of Occupasnetuxet, Warwick, 
R. I. Her issue, viz., three grandchildren and two great- 
grandchildren, are the only living descendants of Thomas 

4. Katy, born Aug. 16, 1789, died in infancy. 

5. Sally, born Dec. 15, 1790; died unmarried (1845). 

6. Elizabeth, born Feb. 2, 1792; died in infancy. 

7. John Luther, born Nov. 2, 1795 ; died Jan. 14, 1863. 
The latter was a prominent merchant and manufacturer 

in Rhode Island, and as a member of the common coun- 
cil of the city of Providence was actively instrumental in 
devising, framing and establishing the public school sys- 
tem of the city. He was the first secretary of the Rhode 
Island Mutual Fire Insurance Company. He had a refined 
literary taste, inherited from both his parents, and a large 
public spirit. He married Eliza, daughter of (Col.) Jere- 
miah and Anne (Keene) Whiting, and had several chil- 
dren, all of whom died young. 

Thomas Hughes, the subject of this sketch, was a man 
of great energy and much executive ability, and had a 
fondness for good literature. 


Mention of the following seventeen soldiers who served 
in Rhode Island commands, during the Revolution, is found 
in a report of the secretary of war (1835), relative to the 
pension establishment of the United States : 

David Kelly, a private in the Rhode Island Continental 
line. He was still living in 1834, in which year he was 
placed on the pension roll. 

Jeremiah Whelan, a private in the Rhode Island line ; 
placed on the pension roll in 18 19. 


Stephen Long, a private in the Rhode Island line; 
placed on the pension roll in 1818. 

Philip Griffin of the Rhode Island line. He died May 
9, 1832. 

Daniel Dawley, a private in the *' Rhode Island Mihtia" ; 
placed on the pension roll. He died in 1832. 

Thomas Powers, of the Rhode Island line ; placed on 
the pension roll in 181 8. 

Malachi Green, a private in the " Rhode Island Militia" ; 
placed on the pension roll in 1834. 

Stephen Kelly, placed on the pension roll in 1833; a 
private in the Rhode Island militia. 

Martin Murphy, a private in the Rhode Island militia ; 
placed on the pension roll in 1833. 

John Welsh, 2d, a sergeant in the Rhode Island line; 
placed on the pension roll in 1821. 

Matthew Hanley, of Angell's regiment; died May 26, 
1804. This may have been the soldier who is elsewhere 
mentioned as Matthew Hendly. 

Martin Herrick, of the Rhode Island line ; placed on 
the pension roll in 18 19. 

Thomas Gleeson, of the Rhode Island line ; died Aug. 
5, 1833. 

John Larkin, a private in the Rhode Island militia ; 
placed on the pension roll in 1833. 

Matthew Bennett, of the Rhode Island Hne; placed on 
the pension roll in 18 19. 

Joseph Bennett, of the '' Rhode Island state troops and 
militia"; placed on the pension roll in 1833. 

James Bennett, of the Rhode Island line ; placed on the 
pension roll in 1833. 



Mention Is also found in official records of the Revolu- 
tion of Jeremiah Martin, of Providence county. He is 
credited with service in the Rhode Island militia. He 
was still living in 1 83 1. Joseph Carroll, another pen- 
sioner, was living in 1833. He is described as of Kent 
county, and is credited with services in the militia. 
Thomas Long, described as of Providence county, was a 
mariner and served in the Continental navy. He died in 

The Irish name Moore was borne by a number of 
Rhode Islanders in the Revolution. Christopher Moore 
was a private in Col. Lippitt's regiment. Later, a Christo- 
pher Moore belonged to Capt. Humphries company of 
Col. Angell's regiment. John Moore was of Capt. Carr's 
company in Col. Richmond's regiment. In 1776, Wil- 
liam Moore and Thomas Ray are mentioned as of Col. 
Elliott's regiment. 

The records likewise speak of Thomas Carey, a '* recruit 
from Tiverton," 1782 ; of John Cowen, an ensign, as early 
as 1776, in Col. Lippitt's regiment; of Sergt. Peter Cowen 
who was of Col. Archibald Crary's regiment, and of 
Stephen Cowen who was in Capt. Hoppin's company of 
Lippitt's command. William Ennis became a sergeant 
and is mentioned as of Col. Sherburn's command. 

The rolls of Col. Topham's regiment include the names 
Lieut. Daniel Wall, Corp. Thomas Reynolds, James 
Reynolds, Stephen Rany, James Knox, and Richard 
Hayden. The rolls of Col. Israel Angell's regiment in- 
clude the names Joseph Manning, Benjamin Jackson and 
others herein mentioned. John Conley of Providence, was, 
in 1777, mentioned as enlisted in Capt. Lewis' company 


in the Continental service. It is likely that some men 
after their term of enlistment had expired, reenlisted into 
other regiments, as we frequently find the same name in 
different commands. In some cases, of course, it may 
have been borne by different individuals. 

William Parker, John Wilson, and James Bishop, of 
the list^ here given, were, as has been stated, natives of 
Ireland. In 1775 they were members of Captain Top- 
ham's company, of Col. Thomas Church's regiment, 
which was recruited in Newport and Bristol counties, 
Rhode Island. 

Parker was born in County Waterford, Ireland, and at 
the time of his enlistment was about forty-one years of 
age. He is described in a return as a laborer, and as 
having brown hair and brown eyes. His height was five 
feet, four and one half inches. 

Wilson was born in County Kilkenny, Ireland. He 
was a trunk maker. His age is given in the return as 
twenty-two years. 

Bishop was a native of Dublin, a carpenter by trade, 
and was aged twenty-six years. He had dark hair and 
blue eyes. 

Dennis Hogan, Tobias Burk, William Crou, and Philip 
Doolinty — all Irishmen — were likewise members of Cap- 
tain Topham's company in Church's regiment. Hogan 
was a native of Limerick, Ireland. He was by trade a 
" limner." In a return his age is given as twenty-four 
years. He had black hair and gray eyes. In the return 
mentioned his name is incorrectly spelled " Plogain." 
He was probably the Sergt. Dennis Hogan of whom 

iSee roll of Capt. John Topham's company, as published in the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register. 


mention is frequently made. Burk was also a native of 
Limerick, Ireland. He was a weaver, had light hair and 
blue eyes, and in 1775 was about twenty years of age. 
In a return his first name is given as ''Tobiat." Cor- 
rectly, this was doubtless Tobias. Crou was a native of 
County Waterford, Ireland, twenty years of age, a mari- 
ner, and had light hair and blue eyes. The name Crou 
is an odd one. The correct form may have been Crowe 
or Carew. Philip Doolinty is mentioned as a native of 
" Tamonas Town, Kileaney," which was probably the 
company clerk's best attempt at writing Thomastown, 
Kilkenny.^ Philip was a laborer, had brown hair and 
blue eyes and, in 1775, was aged twenty-two years. 


Manie O'Daniel was a soldier of Capt. John Field's 
company in Colonel Hitchcock's regiment. He is later 
mentioned as of Capt. Simeon Thayer's company as the 
latter was made up from different commands near Boston 
for the expedition to Canada under Benedict Arnold. 
This odd name — Manie — is a form of Manus. James 
Hayden, as mentioned elsewhere, was a corporal in this 
company of Thayer's. 

David Healy (also spelled Healey) served, in 1776, in 

^Kilkenny — a county from which have come a number of prominent Rhode 
Islanders, George Berkeley, the brilliant Irishman who arrived at Newport, R. I., in 
1729, was a native of the county, and was known as "the Kilkenny scholar." 
Stephen Jackson, a native of Kilkenny, was born in the year 1700, and came to this 
country about 1724, In 1745 ^e was a resident of Providence, R. I., where he is 
mentioned as a " schoolmaster," One of his descendants, Charles Jackson, became 
governor of Rhode Island, Rev. James Wilson, who for many years was pastor of 
the " Round Top " church in Providence, R. I., is also stated to have been from 
Kilkenny. Hon, Thomas Davis, who was elected to Congress from Rhode Island in 
1853, was a Kilkenny man, and so was the late Roman Catholic Bishop Hendricken 
of Providence. 


Capt Loring Peck's company of Colonel Lippitt's regi- 
ment. John Mitchell was in Capt. Benjamin Hoppin's 
company of the same regiment. Edward Murfee, Philip 
Morris, and John Driskill also served in Captain Hoppin's 
company of Lippitt's regiment. Joseph Burke was of 
Capt. John Whipple's company ** doing duty on Rhode 
Island," March, 1781. 

Stephen Daily, Edward Morris, Joseph Norton, Robert 
Kennady, and Joseph Gaffery saw service in Col. John 
Topham's regiment. Solomon Dailey was of the fourth 
company of Colonel Hitchcock's regiment of the army of 

John Conway, John McCloud, Anthony Murray, Thom- 
as Hart, and John McCoy served with fidelity in Col. 
Robert Elliott's regiment. Lawrence McLouth, Barney 
Clarke, John Lawless, and William Lawless belonged to 
Col. Archibald Crary's regiment. William Lawless became 
a captain, Edward Bennett was of Capt. Jeremiah Olney's 
company, Hitchcock's regiment, 1775. 

William McCoy was quartermaster sergeant in Capt. 
Thomas Cole's company in Col. Christopher Greene's 
command. James Daily was in the same company. 
Peter Daily is mentioned as of Capt. E. Lewis' company, 
in Col. Christopher Greene's regiment, in ijyg-^o. The 
following mention is made of this company on one occa- 
sion : 

Newport, 6*^ Jan'y, 1780. Mustered then the 3"^ Com- 
pany as specified in the above Roll. 

Danl. S. Dexter, 
Commiss. of Muster, Pro tern. 


Andrew Boyd, who is stated to have been of Irish 
extraction, was a charter member, 1774, of the Kentish 
Guards of East Greenwich, R. I. On the morning after the 
battle of Lexington, the Guards, numbering iio men, 
rank and file, left East Greenwich on the march for the 
scene of action. They had proceeded as far as Pawtucket, 
R. I., when they received an express informing them of 
the result of the battle. They, thereupon, returned to 
East Greenwich, but continued on duty, there. 

The Boyds were a numerous family in East Greenwich, 
R. I., and vicinity. Some of them were born in Ireland ; 
all are believed to have been of Irish blood. The given 
name Andrew frequently occurs in the family. One 
Andrew Boyd of Rhode Island is mentioned as a native 
of the County Antrim, Ireland, of which place his 
mother, Sarah (Moore) Boyd, was also a native. Another 
Andrew, probably the one mentioned in the charter of the 
Kentish Guards, is thus referred to in the records of the 
General Assembly, October, i ^^6 : '' In council was read the 
return of Andrew Boyd, clerk of the company of Kentish 
Guards, choosing Christopher Greene, of Warwick, son of 
Nathaniel, second lieutenant of said company, in the room 
of Thomas Holden, who refused." 

Edward Casey served in Col. Archibald Crary's regi- 
ment. Oliver Kelly and Duncan Kelly are mentioned as 
Barrington, R. I., soldiers who served under Capt. Thomas 
Allin. Corporal William Kelley was of the Barrington 
militia guard in 1778. 

Among the residents of Warren, R. I., in May, 1778, 
when the town was raided and pillaged by the enemy was 
the Rev. Erasmus Kelley. He had gone to Warren from 
Newport when the latter place was taken possession of by 


the British under Pigot. During the raid on Warren, Rev. 
Mr. Kelley lost nearly all his household effects, which 
were taken or destroyed by the foe. Many other residents 
of Warren suffered in like manner. 


John O'Kelley was in 1776 a member of Capt. Ezra 
Ormsbee's company^ of militia in the town of Warren, 
R. I. Among others in the company were Daniel Kelley 
and Joseph Kelley. The General Assembly, in 1782, gave 
" Mrs. Elizabeth O'Kelley of Warren, widow and admin- 
istratrix of John O'Kelley," permission to sell certain real 
estate. In 1 794, a Kelly was empowered by the General 
Assembly ^' to erect a toll bridge over Kelly's ferry in 

Joseph McMilon was a member of Capt. Ezra Orms- 
bee's company, of Warren, in 1776, while among the 
Warren soldiers in 1777 were Joseph McMillion (probably 
another form of the name) and Peter McMillion. This 
name McMillion may have been McMillen, McMallon, or 
McMuUen — all three of which are found in Ireland. In a 
deed dated June i, 1798, Peter McMillan and his wife, 
Sarah, are shown to have been at that date residents of 
Galway, Saratoga county. New York. 

Peter McMillen was of the crew of the privateer General 
Stark of Warren. Whether he was the soldier mentioned 
as Peter McMillion the writer is unable to state. The 
General Stark was of some 130 tons burden and carried 
fourteen guns. William O'Brien and John Killey were 
members of Capt. Curtis Cole's company, 1781, in Col. 

iMiss Virginia Baker's History of Wai-ren, Rhode Island, in the War of the Revo- 
lution. (Warren, R. I., 1901.) 


Nathan Miller's regiment. O'Brien and Killey were both 
probably of Warren/ The former sometimes appears as 
O'Briant and O'Brient. 


Michael Wright was a native of Mountmellick, Queen's 
county, Ireland. He is described as a ribbon weaver. 
He enlisted at Providence, January, 1781, and served in a 
Rhode Island regiment of the line. He may have also 
served in other organizations in campaigns previous to 
1 78 1. He is mentioned in a return as 42 years of age 
and as having his residence in '^ Seacunnet," R. I. His 
enlistment here mentioned was for three years. 

Mark Barns who also served in the Rhode Island Con- 
tinentals was born in Waterford, Ireland, and at the time 
of his enlistment resided in Providence, R. I. His age is 
given as 28 years. He was by trade a '' wine cooper." 
He enlisted " for the war" and is described as having 
brown hair and a " fresh complexion." 

James Foster was a native of Dublin, Ireland. He 
enlisted at Coventry, R. I., was 47 years of age, had 

1 The town of Warren, R. I., was named in honor of an Irishman, Sir Peter War- 
ren. Several pages in O'Hart's Irish Pedigrees are devoted to the Warrens of Ire- 
land. A copy of the work can be found in the Providence Pubhc Library. Edward 
Warren served the Stuart cause in Ireland and at one time had command of the cit- 
adel of Belfast. After the fall of Limerick he went to France. A Patrick Warren 
is mentioned in 1559. Capt. Edward Warren was among the Confederated Catholics, 
at Kilkenny, in 1646. In 16S9, Capt, John Warren was a member of the Irish parlia- 
ment. Anthony Warren, a son of Sir William Warren, married the widow of Sir 
Cahir O' Dougherty, Knt. Col. Henry Warren was among the Catholic defenders 
of Drogheda during the siege of the latter, in 1649, by Cromwell. The Irish War- 
rens became so prominent that Warrenstown, in the County Meath, was named after 
them. Bearers of the name were also found in Dublin, Carlow, Queen's, Kildare and 
other Irish counties. Some of the Clan 0'B3Tne took the name Warren. In 1774, ^ 
Captain Warren was with the Irish brigade in France and held a commission in the 
Regiment of Dillon. A Lieutenant Warren served in the Irish Legion organized by 
Napoleon Bonaparte. 


" gray hair " and a ''fresh complexion." The date of his 
enhstment is given as January, 1781, and was ''for the 
war." Like others, he may have been a veteran of pre- 
vious campaigns. 

James Hayes was born in Cork, Ireland. He is de- 
scribed in the roll as 25 years of age, and a "mariner." 
He enlisted at Bristol, R. I., January, 1 781, for three years. 

Cornelius Driskill was a native of Kinsale, County Cork, 
Ireland. He became a resident of Providence, R. I., and 
is referred to as a " mariner." He is mentioned in the 
roll as 18 years of age. He enlisted into the Rhode 
Island Continental line, in January, 1781, "for three 

James King was born in Dublin, Ireland, and resided 
in Providence, R. I. He was a tailor by trade, had black 
hair and a light complexion, and enlisted at Providence 
"for the war." The regimental rolls mention him as 25 
years of age. 

John Huzzey was a native of Armagh, Ireland. He 
enlisted in January, 1777, "for the war." His age is 
given as 50 years. He had gray hair and a light com- 

Matthew Hendly was born in Limerick, Ireland. He 
was a barber by trade. His age is given on the regi- 
mental rolls as 30 years. 

Michael Killey [correctly, probably Kelley] was a 
native of Limerick, Ireland. He was a barber, 5 ft. 6 in. 
in height and had dark hair and a dark complexion. He 
resided in Newport, R. I. His age is given in a return as 
36 years. 


Daniel Monks was a native of Ireland, a barber by 
trade and resided at Newport, R. I. He enlisted at New- 
port " for the war." His age is given as 64 years. He 
is mentioned as a private in Capt. Thomas Hughes' com- 
pany, of Angell's command, and also as serving under 
Olney and in '• Col. Greene's Regiment of Foot." 

Daniel Miller was a weaver. He was born in Ireland, 
had light hair and a hght complexion and enlisted at 
Providence, R. I., Jan. i, 1777, ''for the war." He is 
mentioned as 30 years of age. 

Charles Watson, a weaver, was born in Ireland. He 
enlisted Jan. i, 1777, "for the war." He appears on the 
rolls as 25 years of age. 

Peter Burns, another Irishman, enlisted at North Kings- 
town, R. I., in January, 1777, "for the war." He was 43 
years of age. 

Michael Doharty [also spelled Doherty] was a native 
of Donegal, Ireland, and enlisted at Providence, R. I., in 
April, 1777, "for the war." He was a young man, 22 
years of age. 

Edward Fitzgerald of Newport, R. I., was born in Tip- 
perary, Ireland, and is mentioned as of the Rhode Island 
Continentals when he was 19 years of age. He is spoken 
of elsewhere herein. 

Peter Morrison, who is mentioned as from " Ireland," 
served in Col. Israel Angell's regiment. 

James Madden, from " Ireland," hkewise served in 
Angell's regiment. 

John Mahony, from " Ireland," is mentioned as of the 
second battalion of Angell's regiment. 



Timothy Mahony is spoken of as serving under Captain 
Sprague in 1777. 

Patrick McMullan is mentioned in the Rhode Island 
records as a marine aboard the sloop Providence^ Conti- 
nental navy. He entered Jan. 5, 1776. 

Patrick McNamara was a marine aboard the ship 
Alfred, Continental navy. The Rhode Island records 
mention him. 

John McLaughlin was a marine and served on the 
Columbus of the Continental navy. 

Hugh McCowan was also a marine and served on the 
Columhus. He is mentioned as early as 1776. 

Matthew McCaffray was a marine aboard the sloop 
Providence^ Continental navy. He entered in 1776. 
The Rhode Island records state that he was " Left sick at 
Providence, fever." 

Dennis McCartel is mentioned as a private in 1776 and 
is also referred to as having had "■ previous service." 

Patrick Harrington was a private in Capt. Simeon 
Thayer's company and went with Thayer in the expedi- 
tion to Canada and was taken prisoner at Quebec. He 
may have been the soldier mentioned elsewhere as Patrick 

Hugh Kenady was a soldier credited to West Green- 
wich, R. I. The name is also found spelled Kinady, Ken- 
nady, etc. Peter Cowen was a sergeant in Col. Archibald 
Crary's regiment. Barnabus Hicks served under Col. 
William Richmond. 


John Sullivan and William Sullivan, both of Rhode 
Island, are mentioned in the Massachusetts records as 
serving on the ship Deanc, John's age is given as i6 
years, and William, aged 25 years, is mentioned as a 
" volunteer " on the ship. ^\i^ Deane was commanded 
by Elisha Hinman. 


The records also mention a William McCoy. He was 
quartermaster sergeant in Capt. Thomas Cole's company 
of Col. Christopher Greene's regiment. John Murray^ and 
Samuel Dunn^ were members of '* the Providence Com- 
pany of Cadets," under Colonel Nightingale, stationed at 
Pawtuxet, R. I., from Jan. 7 to Feb. 7, 1777. A partici- 
pant named Dunn is mentioned in connection with the 
Gasfee affair. In one place his given name is stated to 
have been Benjamin. Another authority, however, in- 
clines to the belief that it was Samuel. 

John Welch, at first an ensign in Captain Hoxsie's 

1 The Irish Miirrays trace descent from a remote period, and have produced many 
people of distinction. The name derives from O'Muireadhaigh ('' Muir," Irish : the 
sea; and " eadhach" or " eadhaigh," a protector or garment). The Irish form has 
been anglicized O' Murray, Murray, Murry, etc. The prefixes Mac and Kil are also 
found in Ireland in connection with the name, i. <?., MacMurray and Kilmurray. A 
Clan O' Murray was at one period in Irish history prominent in the territory of Bref- 
ney, which included the modern counties of Cavan and Leitrim and parts of Meath 
and Sligo. Also prominent in Brefney were the clans O'Rourke, O'Reilly, O'Car- 
roll, O'Fay, MacDonnell, MacHugh, MacManus, MacCogan and others of note. 
O'Murrays were also chieftains of Ceara, in Mayo, and of the Lagan, in Mayo. The 
name Murray at present abounds throughout Ireland. Whether the Murrays of Scot- 
land are kin to the Murrays of Ireland is a topic often discussed. It is possible that 
both had a common Gaelic origin going back to the days when Ireland (Scotia Major) 
was the mother country of Scotland (Scotia Minor). 

2 Dunn, a typical Irish name; from the Irish O'Duin, anglicized O'Dunn, Dunn, 
Dunne, Dun, and Doyne. Some of the Irish Dunns may have derived their name 
from dun — a fort— illustrated in the Irish names Dun-luce, Dun-more, Dun-manway 


company, of a Rhode Island regiment, became a lieu- 
tenant in Colonel Topham's command, and was later 
attached to Col. Jeremiah Olney's regiment. He re- 
ceived a staff appointment as quartermaster. 

It is a well-known fact that a project was undertaken 
during the Revolution to raise a regiment of Rhode 
Island slaves. Those enlisting were thereby to be made 
free, and their former masters were to be compensated by 
the state. James Burk of Providence had a slave who 
thus enlisted. He was named Africa Burk, and his 
master valued him at ^120. 

The General Assembly in March, 1781, refers to the 
farm in Exeter, R. I., '' lately belonging to Samuel 
Boone," leased to Michael Dawley by the state for £gi. 
This was one of the Irish Dawleys, a family that became 
quite numerous in Rhode Island. Many of its descend- 
ants are still found in the state. Boone, just mentioned, 
was a loyalist, and his farm had been confiscated. It 
was provided by the General Assembly that Dawley 
should pay the rental in produce for the troops. Michael 
Dawley is mentioned^ as belonging to a militia company 
during the Revolution. He was still living in 1834. 

John Herrington (or Harrington) was made an ensign 
in Capt. Stephen Sheldon's company, in November, 
1776. The company formed part of Colonel Sayles' 
regiment. Maj. John Clark ^ who, for quite a period 
during the Revolution was an aide to Gen. Nathaniel 
Greene, was the grandson of an Irish weaver. On one 
occasion, having captured a British standard, he was 

1 In a report of the secretary of war relative to the pension establishment of the 
United States (Washington, D. C, 1835). 

2 Not known to be a Rhode Islander. 


offered ^200 to return it, but rejected the proposal 
with scorn. 


Edward Burke was a lieutenant of marines, and served 
on the ship Columbus^ Continental navy. He entered 
Dec. 29, 1776. Was discharged at Newport, R. I., Oct. 
19, 1777. 

Timothy Burke served in Capt. James Parker's com- 
pany, of Col. Christopher Smith's regiment. He enlisted 
February, 1777, for fifteen months. 

George O'Harra was ''armorer's mate" on the ship 
Alfred, Continental navy, 1776. 

Peter Morris was a marine, and served on the ship 
Columbus, Continental navy. He was discharged at 
Newport, R. I. 

Joseph Moran served in Capt. Robert Carr's company, 
of Col. Nathan Miller's regiment of militia. Moran is 
supposed to have belonged in Warren, R. I., or vicinity. 
A Joseph Moran is mentioned as of Barrington, R. I. He 
may have been the same. 

EHzabeth Obrian [O'Brian] was a nurse in a hospital 
during the Revolution. She is mentioned in a pay 
abstract covering the period from Jan. i, 1778, to Nov. i, 


John M. O'Brien was a Rhode Island Continental sol- 
dier. He served in Capt. J. Dexter's company, of the 
"Late Col. Greene's regiment." He enlisted on Feb. i, 
1 78 1, for a term of three years, and died on Nov. 19, 
1 78 1. He was doubtless the soldier who is elsewhere 


mentioned in the Rhode Island records as John Morris 

Patrick O'Brian was a marine, and served aboard the 
Alfred, being later transferred to the Coliimhns. 

William O'Brient [O'Brien] is mentioned as of Sergt 
Nathan Barden's company, town guard at Warren, R. I. 
The name William O'Bryan, probably the same indi- 
vidual, is found in a military account book, 1778, Warren, 
R. I. 

WiUiam O'Brient [O'Brien] served in Colonel Angell's 
Rhode Island regiment of Continentals, having enlisted 
''for the war." Whether he was the WilHam O'Brient 
referred to as of Warren, R. I., is not known. 

Charles Kelly is believed to have been of Richmond, 
R. I. He was taken prisoner at Fort Washington, and is 
referred to as *' a prisoner upon parole." 

Richard Harrington was " drafted by Jonathan Matti- 
son from alarum companies " in the town of Coventry, 
R. I.. 1778. 

Thomas Kelley was a ''tender, general hospital," 1778- 

William Kelley, elsewhere referred to herein, was a cor- 
poral in Sergt. Josiah Humphry's guard of militia sta- 
tioned at Barrington, R. I., 1778. 


Timothy Kelly served as a private in Capt. Benjamin 
West's company, 1777. 

Thomas Cary was a sergeant in Captain Fenner's com- 
pany, of Colonel Lippitt's regiment, i'j'j6-'j'j. A 


Thomas Carey, perhaps the same, was a sergeant in 
Capt. Joseph Sprague's company, of Colonel Brown's 
regiment, Rhode Island militia, in 1779. 

William Cary appears as a private in Capt. William 
Lawless' company, of Colonel Crary's regiment. 

Bernard Galligher served on the sloop Providence, 
Continental navy. Entered Sept. 4, 1776. Taken from 
the Favourite. 

Philip Driskel, Jr., served in 1776, in Captain Joseph 
Pendleton's company of militia. Westerly, R. I. 

Richard Driskill was a matross in Colonel EUiott's regi- 
ment of artillery, 1779. 

Michael Moore is mentioned as a private of marines on 
the ship Alfred. 

John Riley was a matross in Colonel EUiott's artillery 
regiment. He enlisted July 17, 1779. 

Daniel Jackson is mentioned in a return, 1777, as ma- 
jor of the Independent Company of Light Infantry, Provi- 
dence county, R. I. 

John Joyce belonged to a militia company of Warwick, 
R. I. He is credited with service in 1777. 

Patrick Hickey served in Angell's regiment. In one 
place he is reported as sick at Warren, R. I. 

Patten Fitzgerald of Providence enlisted here June 22, 
1780, and served in the Continental line. 

David Burk is mentioned as of Capt. James Parker's 
company, in Col. Christopher Smith's regiment. He was 
enlisted by Captain Parker April 3, i TTJ y for fifteen months. 

John Burk, from " Ireland," served in the second bat- 
talion of Colonel Angell's command. 


Matthew Bryan served under Captain Dexter during 
the war. 

James Bryan is mentioned as " In 6th Company, signs 
receipt to Daniel S. Dexter, Py'mr, Dated May 28, 178 1." 
A James Bryan is also mentioned as " Musick," 5th Com- 
pany in R. I. Regiment of Foot, July, 1782. 


Michael Kelley is mentioned in a return of Colonel 
Greene's Regiment of Foot, March 22, 1781, as '' on com- 
mand on the lines." 

Eleazar Kelley was a corporal at one period in Col- 
onel Crary's regiment. 

James M'Case, was born in Ireland, and resided at New- 
port, R. I. He was a private in the *' Ninth Regiment of 
Foot, U. S. service. Col. Crary commanding." 

Stephen Killey was a private in '' Col. Fry's regiment at 
Warren," R. I., 1777. 

Gerrald Fitzgerrald [Gerald Fitzgerald] was a ''Quar- 
ter-Gunner " aboard the ship Columbus. He entered 
Jan. 7, 1776. He was discharged at Newport. 

John Grififin is mentioned as of an '' Invalid regiment." 
His name appears in a "copy of order for payment of 
wages, etc., allowed for services while in I [Invalid] regi- 
ment. Dated Constitution Island, June 15, 1783." 

James Griffen was a private in Captain Springer's com- 
pany, of Colonel Topham's regiment. In one place he is 
mentioned as " Sick in Gen. Cornell's hospital at Tiver- 
ton," R. I., 1779. 

William Driskill was of Capt. Joseph Pendleton's militia 
company, of Westerly, R. I., 1776. 


Joseph Forde served as a private in Lieutenant-Colonel 
Smith's regiment. He was enlisted by Lieut. Henry Alex- 
ander, of Captain Parker's company, Dec. 23, 1776. 

Daniel Sullivan was a private in Captain Whipple's com- 
pany, in Col. Christopher Olney's regiment. 

David Dowd served in the second company of War- 
wick, R. L, under Squire Millerd, captain. 

Thomas Burns was surgeon's mate aboard the ship 
Columbus. He entered Jan. 18, 1776. 

William Burns was a seaman on the Alfred. He "ship- 
ped at Rhode Island," Dec. 29, 1775. 

John M'Clanen, from ** L-eland " served in the second 
battalion of Colonel Angell's command. 

John McGowan was rated as a landsman aboard the 
ship Colu7nbus. He entered Jan. 4, 1776. 

Charles McDonald served as a seaman on the Colum- 

The Rhode Island records also mention a native of Ire- 
land named Johnston — first name not given — who was a 
resident of Bristol, R. I., and served in the " Ninth Regi- 
ment of Foot, U. S. service," under Colonel Crary. 

Edward Bennett was of Colonel Hitchcock's regiment. 
He is mentioned as having sustained the " loss of left arm 
above elbow in action with, enemy at Harlem Heights, on 
Fort Island, Sept. 10. 1776." 


Peter Nagle, who came from "■ Ireland," served in Col- 
onel Angell's regiment. Peter Nagel, doubtless the same, 
is credited with service in Capt. Stephen Olney's company 
of the regiment. He enlisted March 18, 1777. 


Arthur Nagle was a marine on the ship Columbus, Con- 
tinental navy. 

James Casey served as a private in the company of 
Capt. BilHngs Throope. Mention is made of him in the 
records of Rhode Island. 

Thomas Murray, a marine, served on the Colu7nbus. 
He entered Dec. i8, 1775. 

Joseph Murrey was a private in Colonel Elliott's regi- 

Patrick Capron served in Col. Angell's regiment of Con- 
tinentals. So did Edward Murfey who is recorded as 
from ''Ireland." In 1777, Murfey (also spelled Murfy), 
was of Capt. Stephen Olney's company in the regiment. 

All the commanders of Rhode Island regiments from 
the opening until the close of hostilities — Church, Top- 
ham, Elliott, Crary, Sayles, Angell, Sherburn, Olney, 
Greene, and the rest — had, no doubt, many Irish at all 
times in their respective commands. 

Samuel Black is believed to have been related to Alex- 
ander and James Black, Irish merchants of Providence. 
In 1776 he was ensign in Capt. Asa Kimball's company 
of Colonel Sayles' regiment. In 1779 he was lieutenant in 
Capt. David Howell's company of Providence, and in 1781 
was lieutenant in Capt. Benjamin Hoppin's artillery com- 
pany of Providence. 

Patrick Foy and James Lowery, of the list here pre- 
sented, were from Hopkinton, R. I., and enlisted in Colonel 
Smith's regiment, the former in 1777 and the latter the 
year previous. Lawrence McLouth and Anthony Murray 
are names found on the muster rolls of Col. Archibald 


Crary's regiment. And so the subject grows in interest 
as we proceed. 

In July, 1778, ''A return of the soldiers enlisted for the 
town of North Kingstown " included Patrick Buyer (possi- 
bly Dwyer), John Duyer, William Harvey, John Kennedy, 
and John Hogen. 

In March, 1780, there was made **A return of all the 
matrosses in Colonel Robert Elliott's regiment of artillery." 
The return contains such names as McCarty, Morris, Mur- 
ray, and McCoy. In another place appears the enlistment 
into the same regiment of Cornelius Sullivan, already 
mentioned. Luke Doyle also joined the same regiment, 
and among others in the command were John Barry, Patt 
Dunphy, William Fee, Charles Mullen, Thomas Conner, 
Michael Dorothy (probably Doherty), Edward Donnelly, 
and Matthew Barr. From which it is evident there was 
plenty of Irish blood in the command. 

Ensign M. Carthy (doubtless intended for Ensign McCar- 
thy) appears in *' A weekly return of the Second Battalion of 
Foot, raising for the state of Rhode Island, and com- 
manded by Colonel Israel Angell." John Tracy, men- 
tioned in the list, was an aide-de-camp on the staff of 
General Glover at the operations on the island of Rhode 
Island under Gen. John Sullivan. The appointment was 
announced Aug. 15, 1778. William M'Carty also served 
in Sullivan's forces at that period. M'Carty took part in 
the siege of Newport and the battle that ensued. 


This engagement was pronounced by Lafayette to be 
*' the best fought action of the war," and the Congress 
tendered Sullivan, son of the Irish schoolmaster, and his 


officers and men its warm thanks for their fortitude and 
bravery displayed in the action of August 29, in which 
they repulsed the British forces and maintained the field. 
Sullivan was also complimented by the states of Rhode 
Island and New Hampshire. In addition to two of his 
brothers — James and Eben — there also served under Sul- 
livan in that engagement Lieutenant-Colonel Hackett, 
Edward Phelon, and other officers of Irish lineage. 

On his retirement from the command of the Rhode 
Island department in 1779, General Sullivan was presented 
a number of addresses. He was entertained at a banquet 
in Providence, and on leaving town was accompanied some 
distance by Generals Glover and Varnum, officers from 
each corps of the army, and many leading citizens. An 
artillery salute of thirteen guns rounded out the farewell. 

William M'Carty, just alluded to, upon returning with 
Sullivan's forces to Providence from the island of Rhode 
Island, is mentioned,^ together with Captain Hodgkins and 
Lieutenant Pierce, as having taken up quarters at the house 
of Captain Frazer's wife, whose husband was then at sea. 

Patrick McKown was a wagoner attached to the quarter- 
master-general's department at Providence. 

Alfred Joyce, a native of Warwick, R. I., enhsted into a 
Massachusetts regiment at West Point. He enlisted April 
13, 1779, and had perhaps seen previous service. His first 
name is sometimes rendered as Alford. 

William Lawless was made a captain under Colonel 
Crary in 1778. A year later he was *' captain-lieutenant" 
of the colonel's company in the first battalion of infantry. 
Edward Ross was an ensign in the Second Infantry com- 
pany of Westerly. William Creed became a captain. It 

1 New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. VII, page 138. (Foot- 
note ) 


is a matter of record that the deputy-governor once lent 
him " twenty-five three-pound shot, a ladle and worm." 

Terence Reily's name appears in a return made in 1780. 
He was probably the schoolmaster of the name resident 
in Providence, of whom mention^ is elsewhere found. 

James Flanagan and Edward Fitzgerald, elsewhere re- 
ferred to, are mentioned in the " Muster and Size Rolls of 
Recruits Enlisted for the Town of Newport for the Cam- 
paign of 1782." Flanagan and Fitzgerald were at one 
time stationed at Ticonderoga. They were enlisted for 
nine months, though both had seen service in previous 

In Colonel Topham's command, 1776, are found John 
Casey, Benjamin Hackett, Joseph Gaffery, Stephen Daily, 
James Read, Robert Kennedy, Edward Morris and Charles 

In Colonel Crary's regiment were included Lawrence 
Clarke, Edward Casey, William McCoy, Eseck Kelly, John 
Lawless, and others whose names are indicative of Irish 

Joseph Read, James Martin, David Healey, Peter Mc- 
Million and Edward Murfee were, at one time, members 
of Colonel Lippitt's regiment. 

Corp. Daniel Hayden and Michael Cooney were, in 
1779, of Captain Allen's company, in Angell's regiment. 
Cooney is mentioned in a " List of Officers and Men who 
have died in, or been honorably discharged from, Colonel 
Angell's regiment." James Butler of Cumberland and 

i Irish Schoolmasters in the American Colonies, 1 640-1 775, with a Continuation of 
the Subject During and after the War of the Revolution. (Washington, D. C, 
1898.) Early Irish Educators of American Youth. (The il/£'«zV(?/-, San Francisco,, 
Cal., Oct., 1902.) 


Bartholomew Jackson of Newport were in the service in 


The grotesque '* Scotch-Irish " phantasm has never 
found a congenial atmosphere in Rhode Island. Descend- 
ants here of Irish Revolutionary stock take an especial 
pride in being connected with a race, which, as President 
Andrew Jackson said in an address to the Boston Char- 
itable Irish Society, '* has so much to recommend it to 
the good wishes of the world." ^ There are old Rhode 
Islanders who value their Irish line of descent very highly 

In 1777 mention is made in the records of the General 
Assembly of Timothy Larkin, " a sick soldier on duty in 
this state." The Rhode Island Larkins were of Irish 
blood, people of the name settling here in early colonial 
days. Some of their descendants are still living in the 
state. Edward Larkin, a Rhode Island settler, is heard 
from at Newport as early as 1655. His name appears in 
the '* Roule of ye Freemen of ye colonic of everie Towne." 
Larkin, or O'Larkin, is a well-known Irish name. The 
clan's territory in Ireland was known as the " O'Larkin's 
Country." John Larkin was a member for Hopkin- 
ton, R. I., of the " committee to procure arms and accou- 
trements," 1776. 

' This address by President Jackson was delivered in Boston, June 22, 1833, '^^ 
reply to one on behalf of the Society. The Society called upon him during his stay 
at the Tremont House, that city, and these addresses resulted. In the course of his 
remarks, Jackson said : " It is with great pleasure that I see so many of the country- 
men of my father assembled on this occasion. I have always been proud of my 
ancestry and of being descended from that noble race, and rejoice that I am so nearly 
allied to a country which has so much to recommend it to the good wishes of the 
world." The Charitable Irish Society which was founded in 1737 is still in exist- 
ence. Jackson was a member of the Hibernian Society of Philadelphia, his member- 
ship certificate bearing date of March 23, 1819. 


Patrick Caton was in Colonel Angell's Continental 
regiment, already mentioned, as were also John Ragen 
and Dennis Bagley, — all three of Providence. There 
likewise served in Angell's command : John Tuley, Mi- 
chael Stafford, Joseph Manning, Thomas Mitchell, and 
James Patrick. The latter surname may have correctly 
been Gilpatrick or Fitzpatrick. Richard Shield and John 
Gibbon, soldiers of the Revolution, appear as enlisted 
from Newport. 

In March, 1777, the General Assembly ordered to be 
paid the account of "John Kelly for the ferriage of sol- 
diers." It amounted to £1^ 9s 4d. Michael Cary, *' a 
private in the Rhode Island Continentals," is also men- 
tioned in the records of the General Assembly. In Sep- 
tember, 1779, the Assembly allowed a sum of money to 
Jeremiah Cain, " a soldier, to enable him to defray his 
expenses to Boston to join the corps of invalids at that 

In July, 1780, the case of Philip Driskill, '' enhsted by 
Richmond and claimed by Westerly," came up in the 
Assembly. He was finally credited to Richmond. Mat- 
thew Hanley, *' late a soldier in the Continental army," was 
under discussion about the same time on a question of 
pension. He and Peter Burns are mentioned as invalids. 

In the records of December, 1786, is found mention of 
''John Hany, age fifty-nine, who served in the Rhode 
Island regiment commanded by Colonel Jeremiah Olney." 
Hany was wounded in the ankle and groin. The former 
injury was received in May, 1780, and the latter in July, 
1 78 1. Both his heels were frost-bitten in the Oswego 
expedition. He is further described as suffering from 
*' old age and bodily infirmity." Suitable provision was 


made for the worthy veteran. Other Rhode Islanders 
mentioned as of the ''corps of invalids," at various times, 
were : John O'Neal, Daniel Barrett, John Griffin, and 
Edward Powers. In June, 1783, they were at Constitu- 
tion Island. 

The Rhode Island Continentals participated in some of 
the leading battles of the Revolution. By act of congress 
Jan. I, 1 78 1, the ist and 2d Continental regiments of the 
state were consolidated. Col. Christopher Greene was 
selected to command the organization. This led to the 
retirement of Col. Israel Angell. Colonel Greene was 
killed in May, 1781, and the command devolved upon 
Lieutenant-Colonel Olney. The latter led the regiment to 
the siege of Yorktown, 1781. A company from the regi- 
ment was in the van in the assault on the British redoubts. 
It was commanded by Capt. Stephen Olney. The regi- 
ment at this time included many Irish from Providence, 
Newport, and other parts of Rhode Island. The follow- 
ing soldiers were among those comprised in the regiment 
Feb. I, 1 78 1, or soon after: Dennis Hogan (sergeant), 
John Butler (sergeant), Michael Kelly, Cornelius Driskle, 
William Sullivan, Nicholas Hart, Matthew Hart, Michael 
Doherty, Peter Burns, James Hayes, Thomas Mitchell, 
Charles McAfferty, Michael Wright, John Kirby, Matthew 
Henley (or Hanley), Christopher Moore, Anthony Grif- 
fin, Daniel Collins, Peter Collins, William McCall, John 
Haney, James Mitchell, Thomas Melony (also spelled 
Maloney), Francis Cavan, Hugh McDonnold, and John 


Capt. Stephen Olney's company of the regiment, as 
has been stated, was placed in the van of one of the 


assaulting columns. It performed many deeds of valor, 
and was the one whose commander, having leaped upon 
the parapet of the redoubt, quickly called out : '' Captain 
Olney's company form here ! " Charles McAfferty, of 
the company, is mentioned ^ by Captain Olney as "an 
Irishman," which was a fact. McAfferty was a native of 
Londonderry, Ireland, and enlisted at Bristol, R. I., March 
28, 1777, "for the war." In a regimental roll his age is 
given as 29 years. In a return he is mentioned as " On 
main guard, Morristown," March, 1780. 

On sea as well as on land Irish Rhode Islanders dealt 
vigorous blows for the cause of Liberty. John Murphy 
of Rhode Island was a privateer commander during the 
Revolution. He was captain of the Swallow. WilHam 
Malone was captain of the Hai'binger. Francis Mulligan 
owned the Chance. Oliver Read was master of the pri- 
vateer General Rochambeau; Peter Day of \hQ Molly s 
Adventure; Thomas Jackson of the Providence; Rich- 
ard Whellon [Whelon, Whalen?] of the Broome. M. 
Mackay is mentioned as owner of the privateer Grey- 
hound during the Revolution. He is believed to have 
been a resident, at one period, of Newport. 

Among the patriots captured in privateers and impris- 
oned in England were : Stephen Ready, John Welch, 
Edward McGrath, William Kelly, John Murphy, and 
Charles Buckley. They are all thought to have been of 
Rhode Island. 

A census of men in Rhode Island, able or unable to 
bear arms, was taken in 1777, in accordance with an Act 
of the General Assembly. This Act required that there 
should be ascertained ( i ) The number of men from six- 

1 See letter by Captain Olney in Stone's Our French Allies. 


teen to fifty years of age able to bear arms. (2) The num- 
ber from sixteen to fifty unable to bear arms. (3) The 
number from fifty to sixty able to bear arms. (4) The 
number from fifty to sixty not able to bear arms, and (5) 
the number from sixty upwards. 

A copy of the returns from this census may be con- 
sulted at the state record commissioner's office, in the 
capitol, at Providence. It contains, among many others, 
the following names, the bearers of which are all described 
as *' able " : Stephen Burk, James Boyd, Thomas Cain, 
Stephen Cummins, Thomas Cummins, James Currey, John 
Driskill, Richard Ford, William Ford, Joseph Hart, John 
Heffernan, Stephen Heffernan, Michael Johnson, Stephen 
Killey, John Larkin, Timothy Larkin, Peter Lee, James 
Martin, Jeremiah M'Coy, Michael McDonold, James Mead, 
David Moore, Daniel Ray, Joseph Ray, Ferrel Ryley, Fen- 
ner Ryley, William Strange and John Welch. 


Mr. Edward Field's work on Esek Hopkins, Com- 
mander-in-chicf of the Continental Navy, ^775 to 
1778, mentions a number of Irish names as borne, at that 
period, by American sailors and marines. These were 
not necessarily Rhode Islanders, though some of them 
may have been. Among other names Mr. Field men- 
tions Anthony Dwyer, Richard Sweeney, Patrick Kaine, 
Thomas Doyle, John Connor, Andrew Magee, Thomas 
Dowd, John Roatch, and George Kennedy. Of these 
Dwyer, Sweeney, Dowd, Connor, Magee and Roatch 
signed a '* round robin " petition to Hopkins, at one time, 
asking for back pay. They were of the armed vessel 
Cabot. Kaine, Doyle and Kennedy — marines — were 


also of the Cabot, In a conflict April 6, 1776, with the 
British ship Glasgow, Doyle was wounded, and Kaine 
and Kennedy were killed. The Cabot is mentioned at 
one time as bringing into Newport, R. I., twenty-six guns 
captured at the Bahamas. 

Captain Melally commanded a privateer in the Revolu- 
tion. A better known form of this Irish name would be 
Mullally. The captain was with his ship in Newport 
harbor soon after the evacuation by the British. While 
riding at anchor there he noticed entering the harbor, 
one evening, the British sloop Crawford. The latter's 
commander supposed the place to be still held by the 
British. General Cornell was in command of the port, 
and had given orders that while no boat should be hailed 
coming in from the sea, none should be allowed to go 
out without a certificate or pass. 

As soon as the British vessel had got safely inside, 
Captain Melally manned one of his boats, sent her aboard 
the stranger, and took possession of the astounded visitor. 
Melally's claim to the vessel was disputed on the ground 
that the British vessel was '' within the limits, jurisdiction, 
and presidium of the state." It was also claimed that 
Captain Melally's power to make captures could not 
*' extend to any place, extra presidia of the guns, power 
and jurisdiction of a state." J. M. Varnum accordingly 
hbeled the Crazuford in behalf of the state and obtained 
a decree, whereupon Captain Melally appealed to the 
Congress from the decision. 

Luke Burns, a cordwainer, was a resident of Provi- 
dence. He died early in 1788. Jonathan Green, ** living 
near the Mill-Bridge in Providence," was made adminis- 
trator of his estate. Among deaths in Providence, during 


the Revolution, we find mention of Lawrence Kelly, who 
died in March, 1777; James Madden, April, 1777; Basil 
Reily, January, 1779; and James Burke, July, 1779. 
These men, if not active participants, at least witnessed 
many stirring events of the Revolution. 


In the diary of Col. Israel Angell of the Second Rhode 
Island regiment, in the Continental line, is found the fol- 
lowing interesting entry under date of March 17, 1781 : 
*' Good weather. A great parade this day with the Irish 
it being St. Patrick's. I spent the day on the Point 
[West Point] and tarried with the officers." 

John Fitton, a native of the city of Waterford, Ireland, 
was a resident of Providence during the Revolution. He 
settled here about I750-'5I, and was a resident of the 
town for about sixty years, dying in 18 10. He was a 
merchant. The year of his birth was 1731. Faril Reily 
was another Irish resident of Providence, a trader, and 
accumulated considerable property. He died in 1779, 
during the Revolution. The administrators of his estate 
were Jane Reily, Theodore Foster and Terence Reily. 

Patrick Mackey came from Philadelphia to Providence. 
In 1768 he opened ''a skinner's shop near the Hayward 
on the east side of the great bridge." George Taylor, an 
Irishman, became a prominent resident of Providence. 
He died in 1778, in the seventy-seventh year of his age. 
The Providence Gazette states that '*he was an honor to 
the country that gave him birth." Taylor taught school 
in Providence for over forty years, was for a number of 
years president of the town council, and held other offices 
of trust and honor. He was a man of great public spirit, 

O? THf \ 


and witnessed leading events of the earlier part of the 

A number of French officers of Irish birth or descent 
came to Rhode Island, in 1780, with the forces landing at 
Newport. Stone In his work on Our French Allies , 
referring to Newport, mentions Count Arthur Dillon who 
was colonel of the Regiment of Dillon. Mention is also 
made of Isidore de Lynch, then aide-de-camp to the 
Chevalier de Chastellux. Referring to the return of the 
French to Boston after the fall of Yorktown, Count Segur 
speaks of *' Isidore de Lynch, an Intrepid Irishman, after- 
wards a General." Lynch became commander of the 
Irish-French regiment of Walsh, and was decorated with 
the Cross of St. Louis. Colonel, the Count Dillon above- 
mentioned, came of a famous Irish family. He was 
accompanied to America by a kinsman, Lieut.-Col. 
Barthelemy Dillon, who was born In Ireland, 1729, 
and who married the widow of the Marquis de Mont- 
lezun. Count Dillon later became a general of brigade 
and marechal-de-camp. He fell a victim to the Terror,, 
and perished by the guillotine in the Place de la Revolu- 
tion, Paris. Theobald Dillon, another of the count's 
kinsmen, entered the Regiment of Dillon ^ as a cadet in 
1 76 1. He was a native of Ireland, saw service in Amer- 
ica, was a member of the Cincinnati, and subsequently 
became a brigadier-general In France. Matthew Dillon, 
a kinsman, is also mentioned as serving In America.^ 

'^Archives de la Gugr7'e, Faris. Mercure Francais, 1792. Annuaire de la 

Observations historiques sur Vorigine les services et Vetat civil des officicrs Irlan- 
dois au se7~vice de la France. Redigees par M. A. D. depute h V Assemblce Natio- 
nale. (Pamphlet attributed to Count Arthur Dillon, and published about 1789.) 

* For an historical account of the Regiment of Dillon see O'Callaghan's History 
of the Irish Brigades in the Service of France. 


Another officer serving with our allies was Captain 
Commandant O'Neil. He was of the fifth generation of 
those who served the French king in the Regiment of 
Dillon ^ '' since the passage of Irishmen into France." 
O'Neil was in the expedition against Savannah, where he 
was wounded in the breast. 

Another Irishman who held a commission in the army 
of France was Edward Stack. He came to America with 
our allies and rendered valiant service. He was probably 
the officer named Stack who arrived at Newport with 
Rochambeau's forces, in 1780, and who is mentioned as 
aide to Viscount de Viomesnil. Stack had quarters on 
Spring street, in Newport, at the house of William Almy. 

Captain James Shee, Captain Macdonnall, Captain 
Mullens, Lieutenant Taaffe and Lieutenant O'Farrell also 
served in Am.erica with the French. Shee was born in 
Ireland, Feb. 15, 1735. Taaffe was likewise a native of 

lAmong the commanders of the Regiment of Dillon, at different periods, may be 
mentioned: Colonel, the Hon. Arthur Dillon, 1690; colonel, the Count Charles 
Dillon, 1730; colonel, the Count Henry Dillon, 1741 ; colonel, the Chevalier James 
Dillon, 1744; colonel, the Count Edward Dillon, 1745; colonel, the Count Arthur 
Dillon, 1747; colonel, the Count Theobald Dillon, 1767. Each of the foregoing 
was a "Colonel Proprietor." 

Among other officers who are recorded as having been of the Regiment of Dillon 
were: Denis O'Callaghan, captain, 1698; Laurence Bourke, captain, 1707; Charles 
O'Neill, lieutenant, i72i-'26; Captain O'Connor, 1723; Edward Fitz Gerald, lieu- 
tenant, 1730 (Marechal-de-Camp, 1762) ; Michael Sheridan, colonel, 1742 (became a 
major-general of cavalry); Edward Reilly, captain, 1745; John McDonough, lieu- 
tenant, 1745 ; Captain Magennis, 1745 j Bernard Magennis, lieutenant, 1757 ; James 
P, O'Flannagan, lieutenant-colonel, 1766 (a chevalier of St. Louis) ; Joseph L. 
O'Hurley, captain, i756-'8o (a chevalier of St. Louis); Patrick O'Kelly, captain, 
i774-'79 (a chevalier of St. Louis); Daniel O'Carroll, captain, i775-'79 (a chevalier 
of St. Louis) ; Le Baron Bernard O'Neill, captain, 1777 (a chevalier of St. Louis) ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel O'Mahoney, 1778 (a chevalier of St. Louis) ; Daniel O'Sullivan, 
captain, 1778; Denis O'Sullivan, captain, 1778; P. F, McGuire, captain, i779-'83 
(a chevalier of St. Louis); Michael McDermott, captain, 1779 (a chevaUer of St. 
Louis). Some of the latter of these officers may have been in Rhode Island with our 
French allies. 


Ireland, and was born in 1757. He was killed at 
Savannah, 1779. O'Farrell, of the Regiment of Dillon, 
was wounded in the assault on Savannah. Mullens, of 
the Irish-French Regiment of Berwick, saw much service 
in America, and was at one time a '' Captain des Guides." 
Stone, in Our French Allies, mentions an officer named 
Mullins, who was at Newport with Rochambeau's forces 
in 1780. He had quarters there, at the house of Mrs. 
Mumford, and the fact that he is described as a '' Captain 
des Guides " leads to the conviction that he and the Cap- 
tain Mullens here mentioned were identical. Macdonnall, 
of the Regiment of Dillon, took part in the movement 
against Savannah. At one time during the operations he 
had command of a picket of sixty volunteers, 


Two other noted soldiers who served in America under 
Rochambeau were Charles Geoghegan^ and James O'Moran. 
The former was an Irishman, a native of the County West- 
meath. He received the decoration of the Cincinnati 
from the hands of Washington, returned to France and 
was made a general.^ O'Moran was also an Irishman, 

^ Pronounced Gay-gen. 

^ Many thousands of men of Irish blood have served in the armies of France. In 
1690, France having forwarded seven battalions to James II, in Ireland, the latter 
sent a number of Irish regiments, including Dillon's, O'Brien's and Mountcashel's, 
to the French King. Eventually each of these regiments comprised i,6oo men, di- 
vided into 16 companies. Finer corps were never seen in Europe, This was the 
first Irish brigade in the service of France and was commanded by Mountcashel 
(Justin MacCarthy). After the fall of Limerick, in 1691, nearly 20,000 Irish troops 
enlisted in the French service. In 1695 there were in France about a dozen Irish 
regiments, including some of the finest cavalry in the service. For more than a cen- 
tury the Irish brigades reflected glory upon the shamrock and the lilies. Many of 
the Irish commanders attained eminent rank in the French service. High orders were 
conferred upon them. Thus, Count Patrick Darcy became a Knight of St. Louis 
and of St. Lazarus ; Count Arthur Lally became a Knight Grand Cross of St. Louis ; 


born in 1739, and attained eminence in France. He, like- 
wise, was enrolled in the Cincinnati. At the close of the 
war in America he returned to France and became a 
major-general. He was brought before the revolutionary 
tribunal in France and perished, like Dillon, at the hands 
of the Terror. Whether Geoghegan and O'Moran were 
ever in Rhode Island the writer cannot say. If not at 
Newport, it is possible they may have accompanied the 
French army on its return through Rhode Island from 

M. de McCarty was another Irish-French officer at 
Newport, R. I. He was attached to the battleship Le Con- 
quermit^ and is recorded as an '' Ensigne de Vaisseau." 
Some of the chaplains who accompanied the French forces 
to America were also Irish, selected because of their abil- 
ity to speak the language of the country. The names of 
two of these — Lacy^ and Whelan^ — have come down to 
us. Whether they were at Newport is not known, though 
it is by no means improbable. 

Maurice MacMahon, a Knight of Malta ; Jacques Francois Edouard Sarsfield (de- 
scendant of Patrick Sarsfield), a Knight of the Golden Fleece; Charles O'Brien, a 
marshal of France. One soldier of Irish descent — MacMahon — became, even in our 
own day, president of France. 

1 Stone's Our French Allies. 

'Journal of Claude Blanchard. 

^ The Rev. Charles Whelan was an Irish Franciscan. At the close of the Revo- 
lution he ministered to a congregation in New York city, and subsequently labored on, 
the Kentucky mission. He died in Maryland in 1809. 


IV /TANY soldiers of Irish extraction came to Rhode 
-*-^-*- Island from Massachusetts, and saw service here, 
at various periods during the Revolution. The rolls in 
the Bay state archives^ bear evidence of this fact. 

In some instances these men are spoken of as respond- 
ing to " an alarm " from Rhode Island, as assembling for 
''a secret expedition" to the state or as being stationed here 
as a portion of the patriot army under General Sullivan 
and other commanders. 

Rolls signed by State or Continental '* Muster Masters " 
are still in existence and may be consulted relative to this 
subject. Pay abstracts '* sworn to in quarters at Prov- 
idence " or elsewhere are also found as well as muster 
rolls '' dated Providence " and at other places. In fact, the 
Massachusetts records contain a great deal of valuable 
data in this respect. 

Reference has already been made to Hon. James SuUi- 
van, a brother of Gen. John SuUivan, who participated 
with the latter in the battle of Rhode Island, August 29, 
1778. James was then a judge of the superior court 
of Massachusetts, and subsequently became governor of 
that state. Brown University conferred upon him the 
degree LL. D. 

1 See Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. A Compila- 
tion from the Archives^ Prepared and Published by the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth. (Boston.) 


Lieut. Patrick Phelon was of Col. David Henley's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment, and is mentioned in a return dated 
Providence, September ii, 1778. He was transferred to 
Jackson's Massachusetts regiment in April, 1779, and early 
in 1 78 1 was transferred to the Ninth Massachusetts, serv- 
ing in 1783 in the Third Massachusetts. He was a captain 
in the Second U. S. Infantry, I79i,and was killed Novem- 
ber 4 that year in an engagement with Indians at St. Clair's 
defeat near Fort Recovery, Ohio. 

Ensign Edward Phelon, of Henley's regiment, was in camp 
at Pawtuxet, R. I., October 10, 1778. He subsequently 
served in Jackson's regiment and in other Massachusetts 
commands. He is mentioned as a lieutenant, October 14, 
1 78 1, and as captain September 30, 1783. He died Jan- 
uary 7, 1 8 10. 

Lieut. John Phelan, another Massachusetts officer, was 
at Providence in 1778 and 1779. His name is also spelled 
Phelon. He participated in the battle of Rhode Island 
and was wounded in that engagement. He served to 
November 3, 1783, and died in September, 1827. 

Timothy Sullivan, of Captain Cushing's company, Col. 
Joseph Vose's regiment, was stationed at Providence in 

John O'Brian, a Massachusetts soldier, was in an " expe- 
dition to Rhode Island," in 1778. 

Sergt. James O'Bryant (probably O'Brien or O'Bryan), 
was of Capt. Ezra Lunt's company, Henley's regiment. 
His name appears in a return sworn to at Providence, 
September, 1778. 

Thomas Obryan, of Capt. Abraham Hunt's company, 
Vose's regiment, was stationed at Providence in 1779. 

Ralph O'Daniels, of Capt. Ephraim Lyon's company, 


Colonel Wade's regiment, is credited with service " at 
Rhode Island" in 1778. 

Lieut. John Gilpatrick was of Capt. Joseph Fray's com- 
pany, Wade's regiment, stationed in the state of Rhode 
Island, 1778. 

Lieut. John Gillpatrick, Jr., was a Massachusetts soldier 
located with his company at East Greenwich, R. I. He 
was a grandson of Thomas and Margaret Gillpatrick, who 
came from Ireland in 1720, and settled in what is now 
Kennebunk, Me. 

Richard Shean was of Captain Fray's company, in 
Colonel Wade's regiment, and was serving in Rhode 
Island during the latter half of 1778. 

John Welch was also of Wade's regiment, serving in 
the same company as Richard Shean, just mentioned. 

Eben, or Ebenezer, Sullivan, brother of Gen. John Sul- 
livan, took part in the battle of Rhode Island and acquired 
an honorable record as an officer during the war. He 
had been educated for the bar, but early enlisted in the 
military service of his country. He was a captain in 
Scammon's Massachusetts regiment, May to December, 

1775, and was, later, a captain in the Fifteenth Conti- 
nental infantry. Taken prisoner at the Cedars, May 20, 

1776, he was exchanged in 1778. 
The following is a list of 


Barr, Hugh Blake, James 

Barrett, James Blake, Jeremiah 

Barrey, John Blake, John 

Bennett, Jeremiah Brown, Patrick 

Bennett, Joseph Boyle, John 


Burk, Anthony 
Burk, John 
Burk, Richard 
Burk, William 
Burns, William 
Cane, John 
Gary, Daniel 
Casady, William 
Casey, Edward 
Casey, John 
Cassady, Michael 
Cochran, John 
Conery, Peter 
Conner, John 
Connolly, William 
Connor, Joseph 
Conway, William 
Cook, Matthew 
Cowen, Patrick 
Crowley, Abraham 
Curry, Henry 
Daily, David 
Daily, Lewis 
Daley, Daniel 
Daley, Nathaniel 
Daley, Peter 
Donnagan, Cornelius 
Dowd, Isaac 
Driskill, Joseph 
Dunn, John 
Dunn, Thomas 
Fay, Thomas 
Fitz Gerald, Michael 
Fitzgerrl, James 
Flood, Stephen 
Ford, Benjamin 
Ford, Mark 
Ford, Robert 

Gilligan, Matthew 
Gilligan, Thomas 
Gilpatrick, John 
Gillpatrick, John, Jr. 
Gillpatrick, Nathaniel 
Ginness, Benjamin 
Gleason, Daniel 
Gleason, John 
Gleason, Joseph 
Jordan, John 
Jordan, Martin 
Keef, William 
Keley, David 
Keley, Hugh 
Kelley, John 
Kelley, Morris 
Kelley, Robert 
Kelley, Stephen 
Kelly, David 
Kelly, Timothy 
Kelly, William 
Kenedy, John, 
Keney, Samuel 
Kennedy, John 
Kennedy, William 
Kennelly, Alex 
Kenney, Daniel 
Kenney, John 
Kenney, Stephen 
Kenney, Timothy 
Kenney, William 
Kenny, John 
Kenny, Thomas 
Knox, Henry 
Lane, Daniel 
Larkin, Edmund 
Linihan, William 
Long, Matthew 


Lyon, Michael 
Madden, Michael 
Mahan, John 
Mallon, James 
McBride, William 
McCarty, Dennis 
McCormick, James 
McCoy, Barnabus 
McCoy, Peter 
McCurtin, William 
McDermit, Patrick 
McElroy, Robert 
McGIaughlin, Owen 
McLarey, James 
McLouth, Lawrence, Jr. 
McLouth, Lewis 
McLouth, Peter 
McLouth, Solomon 
McMickel, James 

McMulIen, John 
McMullen, William 
McNeal, Francis 
McNeal, John 
Melony, John 
Moore, Timothy 
Obryan, Thomas 
O^Brian, John 
O'Bryant, James 
O'Daniels, Ralph 
Phelan, John 
Phelon, Edward 
Phelon, Patrick 
Shean, Richard 
Sullivan, Ebenezer 
Sullivan, James 
Sulhvan, Timothy 
Sullivan, William 
Welch, John 


Patrick Brown, of the foregoing list of Massachusetts 
men, is mentioned as of Weymouth, Mass. He saw 
much service at different points during the war. He was 
in Col. Henry Jackson's regiment. At one time (April, 
1779) his name appears in a muster roll dated "Garri- 
son at Pawtuxet." His name also appears in a return 
dated Providence, July 8, 1779, and in a return from the 
''Camp at Providence," Dec. 31, 1779. 

Anthony Burk was at one time of a company raised 
" for a secret expedition to Rhode Island," the company's 
service at that time being given as thirty-seven days. He 
also served during the war in other commands. His occu- 
pation is given as "husbandman," and his nationality, 
" Irish." 


John Burk, of Brookfield, Mass., was a Continental sol- 
dier. He is mentioned in a pay abstract for November, 
1778, ''sworn to in quarters at Providence." He was of 
Colonel Sheppard's regiment, and his name also appears 
in a muster roll for March and April, 1779, '' dated Provi- 

Edward Casey was of Col. Ebenezer Thayer's regiment 
(Suffolk county, Mass.). He served three months and 
eight days ''at Rhode Island." He enlisted July 26, 1780. 

John Casey enlisted Aug. 13, 1779. He was of Capt. 
Edward Hammond's company. His period of service 
"at Rhode Island " is given as one month and seven days. 

Michael Cassady, of Boston, served in Col. Joseph 
Vose's Continental regiment. He was at Valley Forge 
and, later, at Providence. His name appears in a muster 
roll for November, 1778, "dated Providence"; also in 
an "order for gratuity," dated Providence, Feb. 13, 1779, 
and in a muster roll for March and April, 1779, "dated 

John Conner served in Col. John Fellows' regiment and 
likewise in that of Col. William Sheppard. He was in 
Providence in 1778 and 1779, and perhaps at other 
periods. He was of the Continental line. 

Joseph Connor was a private, and served in Rhode 
Island under Major William Rogers. At various periods 
during the war he was of Capt. Jonathan Poor's company, 
and also of that of Capt. Benjamin Pike. 

WiUiam Connolly, of Boston, served in Col. Henry 
Jackson's regiment, and is mentioned as of Lieutenant 
Bayley's company of grenadiers in that command. His 
name appears in various returns in 1778 and 1779, dated 
" Camp at Providence," and Pawtuxet. 


Patrick Cowen, of Dedham, Mass., served in Col. Ben- 
jamin Hawes' regiment. In 1777 his company partici- 
pated in a '' secret expedition to Rhode Island," He also 
served in Col. Samuel Pierce's regiment. In 1779 Cowen 
was on duty at Tiverton, R. I. He was likewise, during 
the war, of Col. Nathan Tyler's regiment, and is also men- 
tioned as of Major Nathaniel Heath's *' detachment of 

Martin Jordan, of this Massachusetts list, was a native 
of Cork, Ireland. He became a resident of West Spring- 
field, Mass., and served in Col. Joseph Vose's regiment. 
His name appears on muster rolls " sworn to at Provi- 
dence," i778-'79. 

Timothy Kenney was detached from Colonel Gill's 
regiment for service under Capt. John Armstrong on an 
expedition to Rhode Island. 

Thomas Kenny was a drummer; served in Col. Calvin 
Smith's regiment; was at Valley Forge. He is mentioned 
in a pay-roll, 1778, ''sworn to at Providence," and in a 
muster roll, March and April, 1779, ''dated Providence." 

Stephen Kenney responded to " an alarm at Rhode 
Island." He was of Capt. Jonathan Woodbury's com- 
pany, in Col. Jacob Davis' regiment, 1780. 

Daniel Kenney's name appears in a list, dated Boston, 
Feb. II, 1779, detached from Col. Jacob Hatch's (Boston) 
regiment by Brig. -Gen. Lovell to serve at Providence. 

Cornelius Donnagan, a matross in Col. John Crane's 
artillery regiment. The name appears in muster rolls, 
1779, dated Providence and Tiverton. He enhsted March 
24, 1778, for three years. 

Joseph Driskill, a lieutenant in Col. John Crane's artil- 
lery regiment ; also in Stevens' corps of artillery. Lieu- 


tenant DrisklU is mentioned in a '' return for gratuity 
dated Greenwich, Nov. lo, 1779." 

Thomas Gilligan, of Colonel Wigglesworth's regiment; 
his name appears in a muster roll dated Providence, March 
and April, 1779. He was of Western (Warren), Mass., 
and enlisted March 6, 1777, for three years. 

Micah [Michael?] Fitz Gerald, a private in Captain 
Howard's company. Roll dated Bridgewater, Mass. The 
company " marched to Rhode Island on the alarm of 
July 30, 1780." The Massachusetts rolls also mention 
Michael Fittsgereld, Michael Fitz Jerrell, Michael Fitz- 
jerld, Michael Fitzgerold and Michael Fitzjerrill. These 
names may have referred to the same individual. 

Matthew Gilligin, credited to the town of Western 
(Warren), Mass.; served in Col. Calvin Smith's regiment 
( 'Mate Wigglesworth's ") ; Gilligin's name appears in a 
muster roll, July, 1778, "dated Camp Greenwich," and in 
one for March and April, 1779, dated Providence. 


THE most prominent New Hampshire man who ren- 
dered service in Rhode Island during the Revolution 
was, of course, Gen. John Sullivan. He was commissioned 
a brigadier-general by the Congress, took part in the siege 
of Boston and by his own exertions raised 2,000 New 
Hampshire men, who also participated in the siege. 

The British evacuated Boston on St. Patrick's Day, 
March 17, 1776. Soon after this event, Sullivan, with his 
brigade, was ordered to Rhode Island to repel a threat- 
ened attack by the enemy. Sullivan and Greene, the lat- 
ter a native of Warwick, R. I., were commissioned major- 
generals on the same day, became close friends and were 
associated on many important occasions. 

On the recommendation of Greene and Washington, 
General Sullivan was appointed by the Congress to suc- 
ceed General Spencer as commander of the Rhode Island 
department. Under date of Providence, March 30, 1778, 
Gov. Nicholas Cooke of Rhode Island thus wrote to Sul- 
livan : 

*'SlR: — I am favored with yours of the 26th informing 
me of your appointment to the command of the troops in 
this state. I have the pleasure of informing you that the 
appointment is highly satisfactory to us, and we hope will 
prove equally beneficial to the pubhc and glorious to 

In May, 1778, the General Assembly of Rhode Island 
" Resolved^ That it be recommended to the Hon. Major- 


General Sullivan, to take up all persons who are suspected 
or known to be unfriendly to the state, or to the United 
States in general, that he shall think proper, and proceed 
against them according to the known practice in such 
cases in the army under the immediate command of His 
Excellency General Washington." 

Many officers and men from New Hampshire, of Irish 
blood, served in Rhode Island at different periods. In 
the roll of Lieut.-Col. Joseph Senter's force, of the Gran- 
ite state, which was ** marched to Rhode Island " in 1777, 
we find such names as Samuel Haley, William Kelley, 
Arthur Molloy, Humphrey Flood, John Gowen, James 
Neal, Eliphalet O'Conner and a number of others that 
might be cited. 

Under date of Warwick, R. I., Nov. 18, 1777, Colonel 
Senter wrote to the New Hampshire authorities, stating 
that he arrived at Providence, R. I., Sept. 12, that year, 
and waited upon General Spencer, who gave him an order 
Sept. 14 to march to Warwick and serve under Cornell. 
The latter at once put Senter's force at work building a 
fort and guarding the shore. On Sept. 21 Cornell in- 
formed Senter that an expedition was planned against the 
enemy at Newport. He then ordered Senter to take com- 
mand of the post and to collect all the boats on the shore 
from East Greenwich to Pawtuxet and put them in repair. 
Senter was also ordered to supply the militia, as soon as 
the latter came in, with cartridges and flints and to send 
the militia across the Providence river at night, that the 
movement might not be discovered by the enemy. On 
Oct. 8, 1777, Senter with his men crossed the river to 
Warren, R. I. Oct. 10 he marched to Swanzey; Oct. 12, 
to Tiverton ; Oct. 14, to Little Compton. The expedi- 


tion, however, was a failure, owing to its premature dis- 
covery by the British. 

Gen. John Stark was another distinguished soldier who 
served in Rhode Island. His father was a native of Scot- 
land, who went over to Ireland, where he married Eleanor 
Nichols, a native of the Irish province of Ulster, and sub- 
sequently came to America. John, the future general, 
was born in the Irish settlement of Londonderry ,i N. H., 
Aug. 28, 1728. Mackenzie, a biographer of General 
Stark, in speaking^ of the latter's victory at Bennington, 
calls special attention to the fact that the general was the 
*' son of an Irish mother." 


On May 3, 1778, General Sullivan, then in command 
of the Rhode Island department, wrote to the Congress, 
saying: "As the number of troops destined for this 
department will be so incompetent to defend it against a 
sudden attack, I think that the two State galleys, if prop- 
erly fitted, would be of great advantage. ... I also 
beg Congress to order Gen. Stark, who has returned to 
New Hampshire from Albany, to me at this place, as I 
shall need two brigadiers when the troops arrive ; and the 
more so, as the extent of country to guard will be so 

General Stark was accordingly ordered to Rhode Island, 
and late in 1778 reached Providence. He was cordially 

1 Rev. James MacSparran, an Irish Protestant clergyman of Rhode Island, writ- 
ing in 1752 and referring to New Hampshire says , " In this province lies that tov*rn 
called London-Derry, all Irish, and famed for industry and riches." 

2 William L. Mackenzie's The Sons of the Emerald Isle or Lives of One Thou- 
sand Remarkable Irishmen ; including Memoirs of Noted Characters of Irish Par- 
entage or Descent. (New York city, 1844.) 


welcomed and was soon assigned to take post at East Green- 
wich on the west shore of Narragansett Bay. Here he 
became very popular with the miHtia, who admired his 
soldierly and democratic qualities. Upon the close of 
his duties at that point, he went back to New Hamp- 
shire to raise recruits and needed supplies. 

He came to Rhode Island again in the spring of 1779, 
and was ordered to watch the coast from Providence to 
Point Judith on the west side of the bay, and from Provi- 
dence to Mount Hope on the east side. He was almost 
constantly in the saddle and seldom rested more than one 
night in the same place. Upon the evacuation of New- 
port by the British, General Stark marched in and took 

A New Hampshire brigade, under Gen. William Whip- 
ple, came to Rhode Island in 1778. Among the officers 
accompanying it were : Col. Moses Kelly, Capt. James 
Gilmore, Capt. Daniel Moore, Lieut. Robert McMurphy, 
Lieut. James Garven, Lieut. James Hackett and others 
bearing Irish names. Colonel Kelly commanded a regi- 
ment in the brigade. He belonged in Goffstown, N. H., 
and owned mills there at the locality now called ''Kelly's 
Falls." Lieut. James Hackett, just mentioned, was a ship- 
builder at Portsmouth, N. H. He was second in command 
of a company of Light Horse that volunteered for this ex- 
pedition to Rhode Island, John Langdon being captain of 
the company. The latter numbered forty-six men, rank 
and file. 


Early in 1779 a New Hampshire regiment, commanded 
by Col. Hercules Mooney, was ordered to Rhode Island. 


Colonel Mooney was of Lee, N. H. He was a member of 
the Committee of Safety, 1 778-1 779, and in 1782 was a 
member of the New Hampshire legislature. Among the 
officers of his regiment when the latter was ordered to 
Rhode Island were : Major Daniel Reynolds, Quarter- 
master Timothy Gleason and Lieut. Samuel Kelly. 

Capt. William Scott, another New Hampshire officer of 
Irish descent, served under General Sullivan in Rhode 
Island and remained with the army until 1 78 1, when he 
entered the naval service. 

Among those who served in Rhode Island as members 
of Col. Moses Nichols' New Hampshire regiment were : 
Thomas Curry, John Moore, James Johnson, John McClure, 
Moses Welch, Thomas Cowen, Daniel Kenney, Daniel 
Downing, Joseph Johnson and Thomas Moore. 

In Col. Enoch Hale's New Hampshire regiment serving 
in Rhode Island, there were among others : John Mellen, 
Charles McCoy, John McBride, and William McCoy. 

In Colonel Kelly's New Hampshire regiment, during its 
service in Rhode Island, were: Thomas Mitchell, John 
Cochran, Philip Johnson, John Burns, William Moore, 
John McClary, William Burns and John McMillan. 

Lieut. -Col. Stephen Peabody's regiment, raised by the 
state of New Hampshire ** for the Continental service at 
Rhode Island," 1778, included Joseph Tate, Daniel Lary, 
Paul Blake, James Lane, and William Kelly. Of these, 
Lary, Blake and Kelly were in Capt. Samuel Dearborn's 
company of the regiment. 

Among other New Hampshire soldiers who served in 
Rhode Island, mention is found of John McCarty, Joseph 
Welch, William Boyd, Nathaniel Kelley, Neal McGee and 
Jeremiah Neal. 


THE Connecticut troops serving in Rhode Island also 
included, like those from Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire, many who were of Irish birth or extraction. 

Col. Samuel Chapman's regiment from Connecticut took 
part in the battle of Rhode Island, August 29, 1778, serv- 
ing in the brigade of Gen. John Tyler. In the rolls of 
Chapman's regiment appear such names as Richard Butler, 
Denis Fling, Daniel Miles, James Morrison, Timothy Buck- 
ley and others indicative of Hibernian origin. Butler, 
Fling and Miles were of Captain Pomeroy's company of 
the regiment, while Morrison and Buckley were of Captain 
Olcott's company. 

Col. Obadiah Johnson's Connecticut regiment was sta- 
tioned in Providence, R. I., early in 1778, and had in its 
ranks a number of men bearing Irish names. Among 
these were : Michael Flynn, Stephen Brady, Matthew 
Reed, David Kenedy, James Keeney, William Carey, 
Thomas Raney, James McClure, Thomas Day and others. 

Thomas Melona [Maloney], a Connecticut soldier, was 
killed in the battle of Rhode Island. This name appears 
in the rolls of Col. Samuel B. Webb's Connecticut regi- 
ment. The latter command wintered in Rhode Island in 
1778-79, and remained in the state until the fall of 1779, 
when it marched to winter quarters at Morristown, N. J. 
The regiment was raised for the Continental line. 

John Riley, of Wethersfield, Conn., was a captain in the 
regiment; Stephen Buckley was a sergeant, and among 
others in the command were : Thomas Quigley, Benjamin 
Mack, Peter Butler, Thomas Doyle, Timothy Fay, Daniel 
Gilmore, George O'Bryan and Timothy Higgins. 


IN December, 1777, the General Assembly of Rhode 
Island appointed John Reynolds agent for the cloth- 
ing department '* agreeably to the request of James Mease, 
Esq., Clothier-General of the Continental Army." Mease 
was an Irishman, a native of Strabane, and became promi- 
nent as a merchant in Philadelphia. In June, 1780, he 
subscribed ^^5,000 in aid of the patriot cause. 

John Jenckes and Welcome Arnold, a committee, reported 
to the Rhode Island General Assembly in May, 1780, that 
among other goods in the stores of the state were '' thirty 
yards and one quarter of Irish linen." The Rhode Island 
records of that period mention a number of interesting 
facts relative to people of Irish birth or descent. 

In 1777, Thomas Burke was a member of the Marine 
Committee of Congress which sent a communication to 
Rhode Island's Council of War urging promptness in 
getting to sea the frigates of the state. 

Daniel Carroll of Maryland, cousin to Charles Carroll of 
CarroUton, was appointed president of the Congress in 
November, 1781, during the illness of the regular presiding 
ofhcer. On that and other occasions he had more or less 
official relations with Rhode Island. In i782-'83, Rhode 
Island refused to vest congress with power to levy an 
impost tax of five per cent. Daniel Carroll was on a com- 
mittee to consider Rhode Island's claim in this respect. 

The distinguished naval officer, John Barry, was in 
Rhode Island at various times during the Revolution. 
Barry was a native of County Wexford, Ireland, his boy- 
hood's home standing close by the sea. In 1775, the Con- 
gress gave him command of the Lexington. In 1778, he 


received the rank of commodore. He defeated the British 
in various engagements, and received the thanks of Wash- 
ington and of the Congress. In July, 1783, he is noted as 
departing from Providence on his frigate the Alliance^ for 
Virginia, from whence he proceeded to Europe. 

Blair McClenachan, another patriot of Irish birth, sub- 
scribed ^10,000 in aid of the Revolution. He was a 
leading merchant in Philadelphia, a member of the Hi- 
bernia Fire company, of that city, and of the Hibernian 
Society. In a discussion with David Howell of Rhode 
Island, who was a member of the Continental Congress, 
1782 to 1785, McClenachan warmly praised Rhode 
Island's course in the impost matter. (See Staples' 
Rhode Island in the Continental Congress?) McClena- 
chan became a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, and 
of the National House of Representatives. He died in 

Nathaniel Greene, John Sullivan and Henry Knox, the 
two latter of Irish parentage, were intimate associates in 
the camp at Cambridge, Mass. Mrs. Greene, Mrs. Knox 
and the wives of other officers brightened the camp by 
their presence. There were many enjoyable social events. 
A note written at the time reads : *' General Greene and 
lady present their compliments to Colonel Knox and his 
lady, and should be glad of their company to-morrow at 
two o'clock." 

On one occasion, while General Sullivan was in com- 
mand of the Rhode Island department. General Greene 
wrote him as follows : *' By a letter this moment received 
from Major Cortland, I find I am not to have the pleasure 
of your company to dine with us to-day. Should be glad 
to know when you can make it convenient." 


Gen. Anthony Wayne, whose father was a native of 
Ireland, was a great friend of Gen. Nathaniel Greene, and 
was by the latter's bedside when General Greene died in 
June, 1786. After Greene had passed away, Wayne 
wrote : *' My dear friend. General Greene, is no more. 
He was great as a soldier, greater as a citizen, immaculate 
as a friend. Pardon this scrawl; my feelings are too much 
affected because I have seen a great and good man die." 
General Wayne was a member of the Friendly Sons of St. 
Patrick, Philadelphia, Pa., and of the Hibernian Society of 
that city. 


Albany, N. Y., 69. 

American Colonies, 5, 6. 

Antrim, Ire., 31. 

Armagh, Ire., 34. 

Bahamas, 53. 

Barbadoes, 5. 

Barrington, R. I., 13, 31, 39, 40. 

♦* Bay," The, 4, 5. 

Belfast, Ire., 33. 

Bennington, Vt., 69. 

Berwick, Me., 10. 

Boston, Mass., 4, 9, 48, 49, 55, 

59, 64, 65, 67. 
Brefney, Ire., 37. 
Bristol, R. I., 28, 34, 43, 51. 
Bridgewater, Mass., 66. 
Brookfield, Mass., 63. 
Brookline, Mass., 6. 
Cambridge, Mass., 21, 74. 
Canada, 20, 29, 36. 
Carlow, Ire., 33. 
CarroUton, Md., 73. 
Cavan, Ire., 37. 
Ceara, Ire., 37. 
Centreville, R. I., 24. 
Connacht, Ire., 6. 
Connecticut, 5, 6, 7, 72. 
Constitution Island, 42, 50. 
Cork, Ire., 5, 19, 34, 65. 
Coventry, R. I., 33, 40- 
Cumberland, R. I., 47. 
Dedham, Mass., 64. 
Donegal, Ire., 20, 35. 
Drogheda, Ire., 33. 
Dublin, Ire., 28, 33, 34. 
Dunluce, Ire., 37. 
Dunmanway, Ire., 37. 

Dunmore, Ire., 37. 

East Greenwich, R. I., 31, 61, 

65, 66, 68, 70. 
England, 5, 7, 51. 
Exeter, R. I., 38. 
Fort Island, 10, 43. 
Fort Mercer, 23. 
Fort Recovery, O., 60. 
Fort Washington, 40. 
Foster, R. I., 18. 
France, 33, 55, 56. 57, 58. 
Freetown, Mass., 23. 
Galway, N. Y., 32. 
GofFstown, N. H., 70. 
Harlem Heights, 43. 
Holland, 4. 

Hopkinton, R. I., 44, 48. 
Ireland, 6, 17, 19, 20, 21, 28, 

31. 32, 33> 34. 35. 37, 41, 

42, 43, 44, 55» 56, 57, 61, 

69, 73- 
Jamaica, 5. 
Kennebunk, Me., 6r. 
Kent County, R. I., 27. 
Kentucky, 58. 
Kildare, Ire., 33. 
Kilkenny, Ire., 28, 29, 33. 
Kinsale, Ire., 5, 34. 
Lee, N. H., 71. 
Leinster, Ire., 6. 
Leitrim, Ire., 37. 
Lexington, Mass., 31. 
Limerick, Ire., 28, 29, 33, 34, 57. 
Little Compton, R. I., 68. 
Londonderry, Ire., 20, 51. 
Londonderry, N. H., 20, 69. 
Maryland, 4, 58, 73. 


Massachusetts, 4» 37» 59, 60, 61, 

65, 72. 
Mayo, Ire., 37. 
Meath, Ire., 33, 37. 
Morristown, N. J., 72. 
Mountmellick, Ire., 33. 
Muddy River, Mass., 6. 
Munster, Ire., 6. 
Narragansett Bay, 70. 
New England, 5, 6, 22. 

New Hampshire, 46, 67, 68, 69, 
70, 71, 72. 

New Orleans, La., 24. 

Newport County, R. I., 28. 

Newport, R. I., 7, 8, 10, 11, .20, 
21, 28, 29, 31, 34, 35, 39, 
42, 47, 48, 49- 50' 5I' 53» 
55. 56, S7, 58, 68, 70. 

New York, 5, 58. 

North Kingstown, R. I , 35, 45. 

Norwalk, Conn., 6. 

Norwich, Conn., 10, 11. 

"O'Larkin's Country," The, 48. 

Orleans, Isle of, 21. 

Oswego, N. Y., 49. 

Pans, France, 55. 

Pawtucket, R. I., 31. 

Rawtuxet, R. I., 60, 63, 64, 68. 

Pennsylvania, 6, 74. 

Phenix, R. I., 24. 

Philadelphia, Pa., 9, 10, 48, 54, 

7?>, 74, 75- 

Plymouth Colony, 4. 

Plymouth, Mass., 4. 

Point Judith, R. I., 70. 

Portsmouth, N. H., 70. 

Providence, R. I , 7, 8, 9, 10, 
II, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 27, 
29» 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38. 
41, 44, 46, 47, 49, 50, 52, 
53, 54, 59, 60, 63, 64, 65, 

66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 74. 

Quebec, Can., 20, 21, 36. 

Queen's County, Ire., 33. 

Raphoe, Ire., 20. 

Red Bank, 23. 

Richmond, R. I., 40, 49. 

Riverpoint, R. I., 22. 

San Francisco, Cal., 47. 

Saratoga County, N. Y., 32. 

Savannah, Ga., 56, 57. 

Scituate, R. I., 19. 

Scotia Major, 37. 

Scotia Minor, 37. 

Scotland, 37, 69. 

" Seacunnet," R. I., 33. 

Sligo, Ire., 37. 

Strabane, Ire., 73. 

Swanzey, Mass., 68. 

Thomastown, Ire., 29. 

Ticonderoga, 47. 

Tiverton, R. 1., 23, 27, 42, 65, 

Ulster, Ire., 6, 69. 
Valley Forge, Pa., 65. 
Virginia, 4, 5, 6, 74. 
Warren, Mass., 66. 
Warren, R. I., 13, 31, 32, 33, 

39, 40, 42, 68. 
Warrenstown, Ire., 33. 
Warwick, R. I., 24, 25, 31, 67^ 

Waterford, Ire., 5, 28, 29, 33, 54. 
Westchester County, N. Y., 23. 
West Indies, 4, 5, 6. 
Westmeath, Ire., 57. 
West Point, N. Y., 46, 54. 
West Springfield, Mass., 65. 
Westerly, R. I., 20, 49. 
Wethersfield, Conn., 72. 
Wexford, Ire., 5, 73. 
Weymouth, Mass., 62,. 
Youghal, Ire., 5. 
Yorktown, 50, 55, 58. 


Aborn, 24. 

Alexander, 43. 

Allen, 47. 

AUin, 20, 31. 

Almy, 56. 

Amory, 10, 11. 

Angell, 23, 27, 35, 41, 43, 44, 

45. 47, 49, 50, 54- 
Armstrong, 65. 
Arnold, 7, 20, 21, 22, 29, 73. 

Bagley, 13, 49. 

Baker, 13, 32. 

Barns, 13, ^^. 

Barr, 13, 45, 61. 

Barrett, 8, 13, 50, 61. 

Barritt, 13, 20. 

Barrey, 61. 

Barry, 10, 13,45, 7^. 

Bayley, 64. 

Beamish, 3. 

Bennett, 13, 26, 30, 43, 61. 

Berkeley, 29. 

Bicknell, 13. 

Bishop, 13, 17, 28. 

Black, 9, 13, 44. 

Blake, 18, 61, 71. 

Blanchard, 58. 

Boone, 38. 

Bourk, 8. 

Bourke, 56. 

Bowen, 18. 

Boyd, 13.31, 52, 71. 

Boyle, 61 . 

Bradford, 4. 

Brady, 72. 

Brendan, 3. 

Brown, 41, 61, 63. 

Bruodin, 5. 

Bryan, 13, 42. 

Buckley, 13, 51, 72. 

Burk, 13, 28, 29, 38, 52, 62,63. 

Burke, 13, 30, 39, 54, 73. 

Burn, 13, 22. 

Burns, 13, 22, 35, 43, 49, 5°, 

53, 61, 62. 
Butler, 10, 13, 47, 50, 72. 
Byrn, 8. 
Byrne, 22. 

Cain, 13, 49, 52. 

Cane, 13, 62. 

Capron, 13, 44. 

Carey, 13, 27, 41, 72. 

Carr, 18, 27, 39. 

Carrell, 13, 20. 

Carroll, 8, 13, 27, y^- 

Carthy, 45. 

Carty, 7. 

Cary, 7, 13, 14, 40, 49, 62. 

Casady, 62. 

Casey, 6, 7, 14, 17, 31, 44, 47, 

62, 64. 
Cassady, 64. 
Casside, 7. 
Cassidy, 7. 
Caton, 14, 49. 
Cavan, 14, 50. 
Cavenaugh, 8. 
Chapman, 72. 
Church, 28, 44. 
Chastellux, 11. 
Clark, 38. 
Clarke, 14, 30, 47. 


Cochran, 62, 71. 

Cook, 62. 

Cooke, 10, II, 67. 

Cole, 30, 32, 37. 

Collins, 5, 50. 

Columbus, 3. 

Condon, 5. 

Conery, 62. 

Conley, 14, 27. 

Conner, 7, 14, 20, 45, 62, 64. 

Connolly, 62, 64. 

Connor, 14, 52, 62, 64. 

Conway, 14, 17, 22, 30, 62. 

Cooney, 14, 47. 

Corcoran, 14. 

Cornell, 42, 53. 

Cortland, 74. 

Coursey, 7. 

Cowell, 13. 

Cowen, 14, 27, 36, 62, 64, 71. 

Crane, 65. 

Crary, 27, 30, 36, 41, 42, 43, 

44, 46, 47. 
Creed, 14, 46. 
Cromwell, 5, 33. 
Crou, 14, 28, 29. 
Crowley, 62. 
Cullen, 5. 
Cummings, 18. 
Cummins, 52. 
Currey, 52. 
Curry, 62, 71. 
Cushing, 60. 
Custis, 7. 

Dailey, 7, 14, I7- 
Daily, 14, 30, 47, 62. 
Daley, 14, 62. 
Darcy, 57- 
Davis, 29, 65. 
Dawley, 26, 38. 
Day, 14, 51, 72- 
Dearborn, 71. 
DeLancey, 23. 
Delaney, 7, 10. 
Dempsey, 7. 
Dermott, 8. 

DeRoo, 3. 

Deux Fonts, 11. 

Devett, 7. 

Dexter, 30, 39, 42. 

Dillon, 33, 55, 56, 57, 58. 

Doharty, 35. 

Doherty, 14, 17, 35, 45' S^- 

Donal, 14, 22. 

Donnagan, 62, 65. 

Donnelly, 8, 14, 45. 

Donohoe, 8. 

Donop, 22. 

Donovan, 8, 14, 17. 

Doolinty, 14, 28, 29. 

Dorothy, 45. 

Dorrance, 14, 17, 18, 19. 

Dougherty, 14, 20. 

Dowd, 14, 43, 52, 62. 

Downing, 71. 

Doyle, 7, 14, 17. 45' 52, 53, 72. 

Doyne, 37. 

Drake, 10. 

Dring, 7, 18. 

Driscoll, 22. 

Driskel, 14, 41. 

Driskill, 14, 22, 30, 34, 42, 49^ 

52, 62, 65. 
Driskle, 50. 
Dudingston, 9. 
Dun, 37. 

Dunn, 7, 14, 37, 62. 
Dunne, 37. 
Dunphy, 8, 14, 45- 
Duyer, 45. 

Dwyer, 8, 14, 45, 52- 
Dyer, 22. 

Eagan, 14, 17. 

Edwards, 19. 

Egan, 8. 

Elliott, 22, 27, 30, 41, 44. 45- 

Ennis, 14, 27. 

Farrell, 7. 
Fay, 62, 72. 

Fee, 45- 
Fellows, 64. 


Fells, 4. 

Felt, 5. 

Fenner, 40. 

Field, 4, 13, 29, 52. 

Fitton, 54. 

Fittso^ereld, 66. 

Fitz Gerald, 56, 62, 66. 

Fitzgerald, 8, 14, 17, 35, 41, 42, 

Fitzgerold, 66. 
Fitzgerrald, 14, 42. 
Fitzgerrl, 62. 
Fitzjerld, 66. 
Fitz Jerrell, 66. 
Fitzjerrill, 66. 
Fitzpatrick, 8, 49. 
Flannagan, 14, 17, 47. 
Fling, 72. 
Flynn, 8, 72. 
Flood, 62, 68. 
Ford, 18, 52, 62. 
Forde, 14, 43. 
Foster, 14, 17,33, 54- 
Fox, 18. 
Foy, 14. 44. 
Franklin, 7. 
Frazer, 46. 

Gaifery, 14, 47. 
Gallagher, 7. 
Galligher, 14, 41. 
Galloway, 7. 
Garey, 14, 20. 
Garven, 70. 
Geoghegan, 57, 58. 
Gibbon, 49. 
Gibbons, 14. 
Gill, 65. 

Gilligan, 62, 66. 
Gillpatrick, 61, 62. 
Gilrnore, 70, 72. 
Gilpatrick, 49, 61, 62. 
Ginness, 62. 
Gleason, 62, 71. 
Gleeson, 14, 26. 
Glover, 45, 46. 

Gowen, 68. 

Gorman, 8. 

Green, 26, 53. 

Greene, 22, 23, 24, 25, 30, 31, 

35» 37. 38, 39. 42, 44, 50. 

67, 74. 75- 
Griffen, 14, 42. 
Griffin, 14, 26, 42, 50. 
Griffis, 3. 
Guild, 19. 

Hackett, 14, 17, 46, 47, 70. 

Hackmet, 14. 

Hagerty, 14, 17, 20, 21. 

Hale, 71. 

Halev, 68. 

Halley, 18. 

Hammond, 64. 

Hand, 10. 

Haney, 14, 50. 

Hanley, 8, 14, 26, 49, 50. 

Hannington, 14, 20, 36. 

Hany, 49. 

Harrington, 14, 15, 36, 38, 40. 

Hart, 15, 30, 50. 

Hartagan, 8. 

Harvey, 18, 45. 

Hatch, 65. 

Hawes, 64. 

Hayden, 15, 20, 21, 27, 29, 47. 

Hayes, 15, 34, 50. 

Healey, 17, 29, 47. 

Healy, 15, 29. 

Hearn, 8. 

Heath, 65. 

Heffernan, 7, 52. 

Heitman, 23. 

Hendly, 15, 26, 34. 

Hendricken, 29. 

Henley, 50, 60. 

Herrick, 15, 26. 

Herrington, 38. 

Hervey, 15. 

Hickey, 8, 15, 20, 41. 

Hicks, 15, 36. 

Higgarty, 20. 


Higgins, 7, 73. 

Hines, 18. 

Hinman, 37. 

Hitchcock, 29, 30, 43. 

Hodgkins, 46. 

Hogan, 15, 17, 28, 50. 

Hogen, 15, 45- 

Holden, 31. 

Hoppin, 22, 27, 30, 44. 

Hopkins, 52. 

Hotten, 4. 

Howard, 66- 

Howell, 44, 74. 

Hoxsie, 37. 

Hughes, 15, 17, 22, 23, 24, 25, 

Humphries, 27. 
Humphry, 40. 
Hurley, 7. 
Huzzey, 15, I7> 34- 

Irvine, 10. 

Jackson, 15, 27, 29, 41, 48, 51, 

60, 63, 64. 
Jenckes, 73. 
Johnson, 52, 71, 72. 
Johnston, 43. 
Jordan, 18, 62, 65. 
Joyce, 3, 7, 15, 41. 46. 

Kaine, 52. 

Keef, 62. 

Keene, 25. 

Keeney, 72. 

Keley, 62. 

Kelley, 15, 31, 32, 34, 4o» 42, 

62, 68, 71. 
Kelly, 7, 15, 17. 25, 26, 31, 32, 

40, 47, 49, 50, 51, 54, 62, 

70, 71. 
Kenady, 15, 36. 
Kenedy, 62, 72. 
Keney, 62. 
Kennady, 15, 36. 
Kennedy, 15, 45» 47, 52, 53, 62. 
Kennelly, 62. 

Kenney, 63, 65, 71. 

Kenny, 62, 65. 

Killey, 15, 32, 34, 42, 52. 

Kilmurray, 37. 

Kimball, 44. 

Kinady, 36. 

King, 15, 18, 34. 

Kirby, 15, 50. 

Knox, 9, 10, II, 15, 27, 62, 74. 

Lacy, 58. 

Lafayette, 45. 

Lally, S7' 

Lanahan, 8. 

Lane, 62, 71 . 

Langdon, 70. 

Larkin, 6, 7, 15, 17, 26, 46, 48, 

52, 62. 
Lary, 8, 71. 
Latimer, 10. 
Laval, II. 

Lawless, 7, 15, 30, 41, 47. 
Leader, 5. 
Lee, 7, 18, 52. 
Lemasny, 15. 
Lewis, 30. 
Lingard, 6. 
Linihan, 62. 
Linniken, 7. 
Lippincott, 3. 
Lippitt, 22, 24, 25, 27, 30, 40, 

Long, 7, 15, 26, 27, 62. 
Lowery, 15, 44. 
Lovell, 6$. 
Lunt, 60. 
Lynch, 55. 
Lyon, 7, 15, 22, 60, 63. 

Macarte, 7. 
Macdonnall, 56. 
Mack, 72. 
Mackay, 15, 51. 
Mackey, 7, 54. 
Mackenzie, 69. 
Mackown, 7. 
Macoone, 7. 


MacCarthy, ^y . 

MacCogan, 37. 

MacDonnell, 37. 

MacHugh, 37. 

MacMahon, 58. 

MacMallon, 32. 

MaciManus, 37. 

MacMillen, 16, 32, 47. 

MacMullen, 8, 32, 63. 

MacMurray, ^y. 

MacSparran, 69. 

McAfferty, 15, 50, 51. 

McBride, 15, 63, 71. 

McCaffray, 15, 36. 

McCall, 15, 50. 

McCane, 7. 

McCartee, 15. 

McCartel, 15, 36. 

McCarthy, 7, 15, 17, 22, 45. 

McCarty, 16, 45, 46, 58, 63, 71. 

McCavney, 16. 

McClary, 71. 

McClenachan, 74. 

McCloud, 15, 30. 

McClure, 71, 72. 

McCormick, 63. 

McCoy, 16, 22, 30, 37, 45, 47, 

52, 62, 71. 
McCowan, 16, 36. 
McCurtin, 63. 
McDermit, 63. 
McDermot, 16, 17. 
McDermott, 56. 
McDonald, 8, 16, 43. 
McDonnell, 22. 
McDonnold, 16, 50. 
McDonold, 52. 
McDonough, 56. 
McElroy, 63. 
McGee, 15, 71. 
McGlaughlin, 63. 
McGonegal, 7. 
McGowan, 16, 43. 
McGrath, 8, 16, 17, 51. 
McGuire, 56. 

McKean, 10. 

McKown, 16, 46. 

McLarey, 63. 

McLaughlin, 16, 36. 

McLouth, 16, 30, 44, 63. 

McMickel, 63. 

McMillan, 32, 71. 

McMillioii, 16, 32, 47. 

McMilon, i6, 32. 

McMullan, 16, 36. 

McMurphy, 70. 

McNamara, 16, 17, 36. 

McNeal, 6^. 

M'Case, 16, 42. 

M'Clanen, 16, 43. 

Madden, 15, 35, 54, 63. 

Magee, 8, 52. 

Magennis, 56. 

Maguire, 8. 

Mahan, 6^. 

Mahoney, 8. 

Mahony, 15, 35, 36. 

Malavery, 7. 

Mallon, 63. 

Malone, 15, 51. 

Maloney, 15, 17, 50, 72. 

Manning, 15, 27, 49. 

Martin, 7, 15, 27, 47, 52. 

Mattison, 40. 

Mawney, 8. 

Mead, 52. 

Mease, 73. 

Melally, 53. 

Melona, 72. 

Meloney, 16. 

Melony, 50, 6^. 

Miles, 72. 

Miller, 16, 17, 33, 35. 

Millerd, 43. 

Mitchell, 7, 16, 30, 49, 50, 71 

Molloy, 68. 

Monks, 16, 17, 35. 

Montgomery, 20. 

Montlezun, 55. 

Moran, 16, 39. 


Mooney, 70, 71. 

Moore, 27, 31, 41, 50, 52, 63, 

70, 71. 
Morrigan, 16. 
Morris, 16, 30, 39, 45, 47. 
Morrison, 16, 35, 72. 
Mountjoy, 7. 
Moylan, 10. 
Mulholland, 7. 
Mullally, 53. 
Mullen, 8, 16, 17, 45. 
Mullens, 56, 57. 
Mulligan, 16, 17, 20, 51. 
Mullins, 57. 
Mumford, 57. 
Murfee, 16, 22, 30, 47. 
Murfey, 16, 44. 
Murfy, 44. 

Murphy, 6, 7, 8, 16, 17, 26, 51. 
Murray, 7, 8, 16, 30, 37, 44- 
Murrey, 44. 

Nagel, 43. 
Nagle, 16, 43, 44. 
Neal, 68, 71. 
Nichols, 69, 71. 
Nightingale, 37. 
Nixon, 10. 
Noonen, 16. 
Norton, 16, 30. 
Nunn, 19. 

Obrian, 16, 39. 

Obryan, 60, 63. 

Olcott, 72. 

Olney, 23, 30, 35, 38, 43, 44, 

49' 50, 51- 
Ormsbee, 32. 
Otway, 3. 

O'Brian, 16, 39, 40, 60, 6^. 
O'Briant, 16, 33. 
O'Brien, 8, 16, 17, 32, 33, 39, 

40, 57, 58. 
O'Brient, 33, 40. 
O'Bryan, 16, 40, 60, 72. 
O'Bryant, 60, 63. 
O'Byrne, 33. 

O'Callaghan, 55, 56. 
O'Carroll, 37, 56. 
O'Conner, 68. 
O'Connor, 56. 
O'Daniel, 16, 29. 
O'Daniels, 60, 63. 
O'Donnell, 22. 
O'Donoghue, 3. 
O'Dougherty, 33. 
O'Dunn. 37. 
O'Farrell, 57. 
OTay, 37. 
O'Flannagan, 56. 
O'Harra, 7, 16, 39. 
O'Hart, 33. 
O'Hurley, 56. 
O'Kelley, 16, 32. 
O'Kelly, 17, 56. 
O'Larkin, 48. 
O'Mahoney, 56. 
O'Moran, 57, 58. 
O'Muireadhaigh, 37. 
O'Murray, 37. 
O'Neal, 16, 17, 50. 
O'Neil, 8, 56. 
O'Neill, 56. 
O'Reilly, 37. 
O'Rourke, 37. 
O'Sullivan, 10, 56. 

Parker, 16, 17, 28, 39, 41 

Patrick, 4, 16, 49. 

Patton, 10. 

Peabody, 71. 

Peck, 30. 

Pendleton, 42. 

Phelan, 60, 63. 

Phelon, 7, 46, 60, 63. 

Pierce, 46, 65. 

Pigot, 32. 

Pike, 64. 

Pomeroy, 72. 

Poor, 64. 

Powers, 16, 26, 50. 

Pray, 61. 

Prendergast, 5. 


Quigley, 72. 

Ragen, 16, 49. 

Raney, 72. 

Rany, 27. 

Ray, 16, 27, 52. 

Read, 16, 47, 51. 

Ready, 16, 51. 

Reed, 72. 

Reilly, 56. 

Reily, 17, 47, 54. 

Reynolds, 16, 27, 71, 73. 

Richmond, 27, 36. 

Riley, 17, 41, 72. 

Roatch, 6, 8, 52. 

Robertson, 7. 

Robinson, 10. 

Rochambeau, 11, 56, 57. 

Rohan, 8. 

Rogers, 64. 

Ross, 17, 46. 

Rourk, 7. 

Ryan, 8, 20. 

Ryand, 20. 

Ryley, 52, 

Sarsfield, 58. 

Sayles, 38, 44. 

Scammon, 61. 

Schirmer, 3. 

Scott, 71. 

Sdgur, 55. 

Sellick, 5. 

Sessions, 8, 20, 21, 68. 

Shay, 7. 

Shean, 61, 63. 

Shee, 56. 

Sheehan, 8. 

Sheldon, 38. 

Sheppard, 64. 

Sherburn, 27, 44. 

Sheridan, 56. 

Shield, 49. 

Shields, 17. 

Sibsie, 4. 

Smith, 17, 39, 41, 43, 44, 65, 66. 

Sprague, 36, 41. 

Spencer, 6^ . 

Stack, 56. 

Staples, 74. 

Stark, 69, 70. 

Stafford, 49. 

St. Clair, 60. 

Sterling, 8, 9, 17, 19, 20. 

Stevens, 65. 

Stewart, 10, 18, 27. 

Stone, 51, 55, 57, 58. 

Strange, 18, 52. 

Stuart, 33. 

Sullivan, 7, 9, 10, 11, 17, 21, 22, 
ZT, 43. 45. 46, 50. 59' 61, 
63, 67, 68, 69, 71, 74. 

Sweeney, 52. 

Taaffe, 56. 

Tally, 8. 

Tate, 71. 

Taylor, 54. 

Thayer, 20, 21, 29, 36, 64. 

Thebaud, 5. 

Thompson, 10. 

Throope, 44. 

Topham, 20, 27, 28, 38, 42, 44, 

Tracy, 6, 17, 20, 21, 45. 
Tuley, 17, 49. 
Tyler, 65, 72. 

Varnum, 46, 53. 
Vaughan, 18. 
Vernon, 5. 
Viomesnil, 56. 
Vose, 60, 64, 65. 

Wade, 61. 

Wall, 17, 27. 

Walpole, 5. 

Walsh, 55. 

Wanton, 8, 12. 

Ward, 20. 

Warren, 33. 

Washington, 7, 9, 10, 20, 57, 67, 

68, 75- 
Watson, 17, 35. 


Wayne, lo. 
Webb, 3, 72 

weDD, 3, 72. 

Welch, 6, 17, 20, 37, 51, 52, 61 


Welsh, 26. 
West, 40. 
Whalen, 17, 51. 
Whelan, 25, 58. 
Whelen, 7. 

Whellon, 17, 51. 
Whelon, 51. 
Whipple, 30, 43. 
Wiggles worth, 66. 
Williams, 5. 
Wilson, 17, 28. 
Winthrop, 4. 
Woodbury, 65. 
Wright, 17, 33 » 50 ' 


Reminiscences of Life along Narragansett's 
Shores (Providence, R. I., 1890). 

Rambles in Rhode Island's South County (Provi- 
dence, I 891). 

Some Early Irish Members of the Society of 
Friends in Rhode Island (Providence, 1894). 

The Dorrance Purchase — A Leaf from Rhode 
Island History (Boston, Mass., 1895). 

The Irish Chapter in the History of Brown Uni- 
versity (Providence, 1896). 

The Irish Soldiers in King Philip's War — 
Including Reference to the *' Great Swamp" Fight 
(New York city, 1896). 

Five Colonial Rhode Islanders (Providence, 

Early Irish Schoolmasters in Rhode Island 
(Washington, D. C, 1898). 

Rev. James MacSparran, Irishman, Scholar, 
Preacher, and Philosopher, 1680-1757 (Boston, 



Matthew Watson, An Irish Settler of Barring- 
ton, R. I., 1722 (Boston, 1900). 

The Romance of Sarah Alexander — Mother of 
Commodore O. H. Perry (New York city, 1901). 

Charles MacCarthy, A Rhode Island Pioneer, 
1677 (Somerset, O., 1901). 

Thomas Casey of Ireland and Rhode Island, 
1636-1719 (Boston, 1901). 

Gen. John Sullivan, and the Battle of Rhode 
Island (Providence, 1902). 


The Libraries of Boston: Public, Semi-public, 
and Private (Boston, Mass., 1882). 

The Old Schoolmasters of Boston (Boston, 

The Mason Name in New England History 
(Boston, 1884). 

The Thayers in America (Boston, 1884). 

A Nation's Individuality (Boston, 1888). 

The Irish Element in the State of Connecticut 
(Boston, 1888). 

From Dawn to Revolution (Boston, 1889). 

Thirty Historic American Families (Boston, 


Concerning the McGuinness, McGinnis, Name 
(Providence, R. I., 1895). 

The Dunlevy Family in Irish History, Mention 
of the Clan's Patrimony in Old Ulidia (Lawrence, 
Mass., 1895). 

David O'Killia [O'Kelly], The Irishman; A 
Pioneer Settler at Yarmouth, Mass., as Early as 
1657 (Boston, 1895). 

The Dempsey Name, Old and Puissant (Den- 
ver, Col., 1896). 

The Irish Morrisons ; Eminent in Ancient 
Mediaeval, and Modern Times. A Glance at the 
Origin of the Clan Name, Together with Refer- 
ence to the Family's Patrimony in the Ancient 
Kingdom of Connacht (Lawrence, Mass., 1896). 

The First Regiment, Pennsylvania Line (Phila- 
delphia, 1896). 

Some Patricks of the Revolution (New York 
city, i896-''97). 

No Entangling Alliance with England (Albany, 
N. Y., 1898). 

The Objections to an Anglo-American Alliance 
(Boston, 1898). 

Some Facts Concerning the Irish Washingtons 
(Boston, 1898). 

The French Chapter in American History (Bos- 
ton, 1899). 


The Irish at Bunker Hill, 1775 (Boston, 1900). 

The Moss Gatherers of Scituate, Mass (New 
York city, 1900). 

Paul Revere vs. The King (Boston, 1901). 

A Point Made Clear — The Brecks of Dorches- 
ter, Mass. (Boston, 1901). 

Irish Settlers, Previous to 1742, in Portsmouth, 
N. H. (Boston, 1901). 

Early Irish in the Plymouth Colony (Boston, 

The Story of Miss Fitzgerald (Boston, 1901). 

The Voyage of the Seaflovi^er — from Ireland to 
Boston — 1741 (Boston, 1902). 

A Glance at the Vanguard — Irish Pioneers in 
Colonial Massachusetts (Boston, 1902). 

Hugh Gaine, Irishman, New York Publisher, 
1752-1809 (Boston, 1902). 

Richard Dexter, A Forgotten Irish Pioneer of 
Boston, 1641 (New York city, 1902). 

The American not an "Anglo-Saxon" People 
(Boston, 1902). 

Early Irish Educators of American Youth (San 
Francisco, Cal., 1902). 

The Nationality of Michael Bacon, a Pioneer of 
Dedham, Mass. (Dedham, 1902). 


YC 504 1 1 

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