Skip to main content

Full text of "The Irvines and their kin. A history of the Irvine family and their descendants"

See other formats

<1 ^ \l ' 

i iriyf (i 





A History of the Irvine Family and Their Descendants. 


Mrs. L. Boyd. 

Louisville, Ky.: 
Printed for the author, 





k Astor, Lenox and Tilden , 




Adams Branch of the Irvine Family, The 65 

American Irvines, The - - 12. 

Browder, Hon. Wilbur F. 54 
" Cabells and Their Kin": 

Irvines - - - -28 

Higginbotbam - - 29 

Tuckers - - - 29 

Callaway, James - 59 

Drummer's Life, The - - 63 

Fox Line, The - - - 22 

Gen. Robert Irvine, Descendants of 49 

Hebert, Paul O., Governor of Louisiana - 89 

House of Bonshaw, Descendants of— Irish Branch 50 

Irvine, Col. R. T. - - - 33 

Irvine, Elizabeth - - - - - 40 

Irvine of Castle Irvine - - 112 

Irvines and McDowells 17 

Irvines as Men of Letters, The - - - n 

Irvines, etc., of the Old Country and the New, The - 107 

Irvines from San Antonio, Texas, Information Concerning 18 

Irvines of the Old Country - - - 107 

Irvine, William, and Some of His Descendants 19 

Knott, Hon. J. Proctor - 31 

McDowell, Ephraim - 105 

McDowell, Major and Dr. Hervey - 106 

McDowell, Major Henry Clay - 105 

McElroys, The - 5 6 

Scotch-Irish Race, The - - 26 

Scottish Irvines, The - 7 

Threnody - - - - 44 

Wharton, Mrs. Belle Irvine 51 


HP 1 1 E author is indebted to Rev. Dr. Chris- 
topher Irvine, of Mountjoy, Ireland ; 
.Sir Wm. D'Arcy Irvine, Irvine Castle, Ire- 
land; Mr. Andrew AT. Sea, Louisville, Ivy.; 
Col. II. T. Irvine, Big Stone Gap, Va., and 
Mr. James Callaway, of Macon, Ga., im- 
material assistance in writing- this hook. 
She commends it, with its faults and in- 
accuracies, which are all her own, to the 
charitable criticism of her kinsfolk. 

L. Boyd. 





The Scottish Irvines. 

"There were two branches of the Irvine family that belonged to the 
baronage — Bonshaw and Drum. The Lairds of Drum were descended from 
William de Irvine, who was armor-bearer to Robert Bruce, and was rewarded 
for his devoted services by a grant of the forest of Drum, Aberdeenshire, at 
that time part of a royal forest." 

Sir Alexander Irvine, grandson of William de Irvine, was one of the chief 
commanders of the king's army at the battle of Harlaw, A. D. 141 1. He was 
a valiant champion. In a hand-to-hand encounter with Eachin Ruadh mir 
Cath, of Clan McLean of Dowart, general of Donald of the Isles, "they 
fought like lions and killed one another dead on the spot." The prowess of 
this gude Sir Alexander Irvine is especially celebrated in the battle of Harlaw. 
Other heads of the family rendered important services to subsequent sovereigns, 
and in the seventeenth century the Lairds of Drum vied in wealth and power 
with many families of noble rank. 

Sir Alexander Irvine, the Royalist, was eldest son of Alexander, ninth 
Laird of Drum, by Lady Marian, daughter of Robert Douglas, Earl of Buchan. 
He was born about 1598, and died May, 1658. He had a varied and stirring 
life. He was one of Charles IPs most earnest Scottish supporters, and when 
Charles became king, in 1660, he offered Sir Alexander's son Alexander, 
tenth Laird of Drum, an earldom, which was refused. Sir Alexander, the 
Royalist, after the reverses his party suffered, was led to conform to the Cove- 
nant, though unwillingly, and was appointed sheriff of Aberdeen in December, 
1634. By his wife, Magdalen, daughter of Sir J. Scrymgeour, he had, besides 
other children, two sons: Alexander, who died 1687 (spoken of above), and 
Robert, who died February 6, 1645, in the tolbooth of Edinburgh (see 
" Memorials of the Trouble," Spalding Club; Gordon's "Scots Affairs," Spal- 
ding Club; " Miscellany of Spalding Club," Vol. 3 ; " Burk's Landed Gentry," 
and "Dictionary of National Biography," Stephens). 

Christopher Irvine, M. D., who flourished between 1638 and 1685 — phy- 


sician, philologist and antiquary — was a younger son of Christopher Irvine, of 
Robgill Tower, Anandale, and a barrister of the Temple, of the family of 
Irvine of Bonshaw, in Dumfriesshire. He calls himself on one of the title 
pages "Irwinus abs. Bon Bosco." He was a brother of Sir Gerard Irvine, 
Bart., of Castie Irvine, of Fermanaugh, who died at Dundalk, 1689. Chris- 
topher was a Royalist and an Episcopalian. He says that he was historiographer 
to Charles II. He married Margaret, daughter of James Wishard, Laird of 
Potterow, and had two sons: Christopher, M. D., and James. This Christo- 
pher died about 1685. He wrote many books, and his principal ones are (1) 
"Bellum Grammaticale," Edin., 1650, 1658, and again 1698; (2) " Medicina 
Magnetica, or the Arts of Curing by Sympathy," London, 1656; (3) "Index 
Locorum Scotorum," Edin., 1664 ["An useful piece, and well deserves a new 
impression." — Bp. Nicholson's "Scot. Hist. Lib."]; (4) " Histori Scoticae, 
Nomenclature Latino- Vernacula," 1682, 1692, again 1819. (See Chambers' 
" Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen," and "Burk's Landed Gentry.'') 

The following account of the Irvines is compiled from Robert Doglas' 
" Baronage of Scotland " and " Peerage of Scotland ": 
ELIZABETH, daughter of Sir Robert Keith (who was alive in 1421), heiress 

of Troup, married to Alexander Irvine, of Drum. 
ELIZABETH, daughter of William, fourth Earl Marischal (who died October 

7, 1581), by his wife, Margaret, married to Sir Alexander Irvine, of 

ISABEL, daughter of Sir Robert Campbell, Glenurchy (who succeeded his 

brother 164-), by Isabel, daughter of Lachlan Macintosh, Captain Clan- 

chattan, married to Robert Irvine, of Fedderet, son of Alexander Irvine, 

of Drum, and had two daughters. 
MARGARET, daughter of John Johnston, of Johnston, Marquis of Anandale, 

married to Christopher, son and heir of Edmond Irvine, of Bonshaw, 

in the county of Dumfries — contract dated 1566. 
ELIZABETH, third daughter of Sir Alexander, Lord Forbes (son of Sir 

John — died 1405), by Lady Elizabeth Douglas (daughter of George, 

Earl of Angus, and granddaughter of King Robert II — 1371-1390), 

married to Irvine, of Drum. 
SIR ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS (son of Sir William, who fell at Flodden, 

1513), of Glenbowie, was knighted by James V (1513-1542); married 

(1) Agnes Keith, daughter of William, Earl of Marischal, and had one 

son and one daughter; married (2) Mary, daughter of Sir Alexander 

Irvine, of Drum, and had issue (see below). 
LADY JANET, daughter of Robert Douglas, Earl of Buchan, by Christina 

(daughter died 1580), widow of Richard Douglas, married to Alexander 

Irvine, of Drum. 
MARY, daughter of George Gordon, second Marquis Huntley (who was 

beheaded at Market Cross, Edinburgh, March 22, 1649), by Lady Jane 


Campbell, eldest daughter of Archibald, seventh Earl Argyll (died June 
14, 1638), married to Alexander Irvine, of Drum, December 7, 1643. 

SIR ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, by marriage with Mary Irvine, daughter of 
•the Laird of Drum, had two sons — James and John — and six daugh- 
ters — Isabel, Sarah, Margary, Eupham and Grizel. Margary, fourth 
daughter, married to Irvine, of Bailie. 

SIR WILLIAM DOUGLAS (living in 1635), great-grandson of Sir Archi- 
bald, married a daughter of Alexander Irvine, of Drum, by whom he 
had one son — Sir William, his successor. 

WILLIAM LESLIE, fourth Baron of Balquhair (who died in the reign of 
James III, 1467), by Dame Agnes Irvine, his second wife, a daughter 
of the Laird of Drum, had a son, Alexander, who was the progenitor 
of the Leslies of Waldis. 

JAMES CRICHTON, Viscount of Frendraught, married (2), at the church 
of Drumoak, November 8, 1642, Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Irvine, of Drum, and had two sons — James, second Viscount of Fren- 
draught, and Lewis, third Viscount of Frendraught. 

SIR GEORGE OGILVY married (1) Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Irvine, of Drum, and had one daughter — Helen, who married Earl of 
Airly. Sir George, of Dunlugus, had a charter to himself and Marga- 
ret Irvine, his wife, of the barony of Dunlugus (March 9, 1610-11), 
and another barony of Inschedrour, wherein he is designated " younger 
Banff" (February 14, 1628.) Died August 11, 1663. 

JAMES OGILVY (fifth Baron of Boyne, died 1619), had one son, Walter, 
his successor. James' charter dated February 22, 1597: Jacabo Ogilvy, 
apparenti de Boyne, et Elizabeth Irvine, ejus spousae, terrarum de 
Ouhinter, Cavintoun, Kindrocht, et dimedietet terraum de Ardbragane. 

NORMAN LEITH, successor to Laurence Leith, his father (who died in the 
reign of James III, 1460-1488), married Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Leslie, fourth Baron Balquhair, by Agnes Irvine, his wife, daughter 
of a Baron of Drum. Norman died during the reign of James III. 

SIR JOHN OGILVIE, of Innercarity (who was, by Charles I, created Baronet 
of Nova Scotia in 1626), married Anne, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Irvine, of Drum ; issue, four sons and one daughter. 

ALEXANDER SETON, of Meldrum, in his father's lifetime, got a charter 
under the great seal, dated 1578, for lands of Meldrum. He married (1) 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Alexander Irvine, of Drum — their only son, 
Alexander, died in 1590, during his father's lifetime; married (2) Jean, 
daughter of Alexander, Lord Abernethy. John Urquhart, who died 
November 8, 163 1 (set. 84), and was succeeded by his son, John (died 
December, 163 1), got a charter, under the great seal, upon his father's 
resignation — Johannes Urquhart, Juniori, de Craigfintry, et Isabella 
Irvine, ejus spousae — of the lands of Leathers and Craigfintry, in 


Aberdeenshire, dated July 28, 161 2. By his first wife, Isabella, he had 
a son, John. 

I EAN, first daughter of Sir John Johnston, sheriff of Aberdeen ( 1630), married 
to Irvine, of Brakely. 

THOMAS JOHNSTON, eldest son of John Johnston, of that ilk, married (1) 
Mary, daughter of Irvine, of Kingouffie. They had four sons — Thomas 
(died in 1656), William, John and James — and three daughters. 

A daughter of Patrick Forbes, of Carse, was married, in the sixteenth cen- 
tury, to Irvine, of Bettie. 

GEORGE, second son of George Dundas, of that ilk, had a daughter Barbara 
to marry Alexander Irvine, of Supack, or Saphock, in the seventeenth 

ELIZABETH, daughter of Alexander Seton, of Pitmedden (who died soon 
after, in 1630), married Patrick Irvine, of Beatty. 

MARY, daughter of Jenet and William Johnston, Esq., married to James 
Irvine, of Cove, in the latter part of the seventeenth century. 

JANET, second daughter of Sir John Douglas, of Kelhead (son of Sir Wil- 
liam), married at Prestonfield, November 13, 1767, to William Irvine, 
of Bonshaw ; they had one son and one daughter. 

HON. EMILIA ROLLO, daughter of Andrew, third Lord Rollo (died in 
March, 1700), by Margaret Balfour (died October 20, 1734) — Andrew 
and Margaret married November 1670 — married to William Irvine, of 
Bonshaw, in the county of Dumfries, September 2, 1698, and died, his 
widow, at Bonshaw, March 20, 1747 (set. 71). 

HON. CLEMENT ROLLO (fourth son of Robert, fourth Lord Rollo, who 
died April 16, 1765, aged eighty), who died at Duncrumb, January 14, 
1762, married Mary Emilia, eldest daughter of John Irvine, of Bon- 
shaw, and had issue : Robert, a captain in Forty-second Regiment Foot, 
who settled in America 1784; John, barrackmaster at Perth; and Mary, 
who died at Perth October 12, 1776. 
MARGARET, daughter of Alexander Skene, of that ilk, who succeeded his 
father, James Skene, 161 2, married to Robert Irvine, of Fornet, and 

JOHN CAMPBELL (son Hon. John Campbell), member of parliament for 
the boroughs of Ayr, 1796, 1S02 and 1806, married (1) a daughter of 

Mr. Peter, merchant in London, widow of Irvine, by whom he 

had a daughter, Caroline. 
ALEXANDER IRVINE, of Coul, was a witness to a charter, dated August 
8, 1539, to John Keith, of Craig, who succeeded John Keith, proprietor 
of barony of Craig. 


The Irvines as Men of Letters. 

Alexander Irvine: " De Jure Rcgni Diascepsis ad Regcm Carolum," 
Ludg., Bat., 1627. 

Rev. Alexander Irvine: " Cause and Effect of Emigration from the High- 
lands," 1802, noticed by Sidney Smith in "Edinburgh Review."' 

Alexander Irvine: "London Flora," London, 1838 and 1846. 

Alexander Forbes Irvine: " Prae-Treatise on the Game Laws of Scot- 
land," 1850, Edin. ["The latest, fullest, and most complete collection of the 
forest laws, and the rules of game in bird and beast." — Perth Courier.] 

Andrew Irvine : "Sermons," 1830. [" Good specimens of sound reason- 
ing, pure theology and practical applications." — London, Christian Reerumb.] 

William Irvine, M. D.: (1) " Essays on Chemical Subjects," edited by his 
son, \V. J., M. D., London, 1805. (2) "Theories of Heat," Nic. Jour., 1803. 
See same in 1805. 

William Irvine, M. D., son of preceeding William: (1) "On Disease," 
1802; (2) " Letters on Sicily," 1813; (3) " Latent Heat," Nic. Jour. , 1804. 

Patrick Irvine : (1) " Considerations on the Inexpediency of the Law of 
Entail in Scotland," second edition, Edin. 1826. ["A very short and very sen- 
sible book, on a subject of the utmost importance to Scotland." — Edin. 
Review, No. 36. "An ably written and philosophical tract in opposition to 
the practice of entail." — McCulloch Lit. of Polit. Econ.] (2) "Considera- 
tions on the Independency of the Law of Marriage in Scotland," 1828. 
["Much valuable matter collected from many authentic sources." — Law 

Ralph Irvine: (1) "Peruvian Bark," Edin., 1785; (2) "Dispensations," 

It may be seen, by referring to " Burk's General Armory," that Irvine 
(Arlingford, Scotland) lias arms: Ar. — three holly branches, each consisting 
of as many leaves, ppr. , banded gules, within a bordure, indented, vert. 
Crest — two holly leaves in saltire, vert. Motto — Sub sole viresco. Irvine 
(Drum, county Aberdeen), descended from William de Irwin, whom Robert 
Bruce, his armor bearer, etc. Ar. — three small shafts or bunches of holly, two 
and one vert, each consisting of as many leaves slipped of the last, banded 
gules. Crest — a sheaf of nine holly leaves. Supporters, two savages wreathed 
about the head and middle with holly, each carrying in his hand a baton 
ppr. Motto — Sub sole, sub umbra virens. 

Irvine (Castle Irvine, county Fermanaugh, Baronet, descended from 
the Irvines of Bonshaw. Of the Irish branch was Sir Gerard Irvine, created a 
baronet (29) by Charles II. His present representative is Sir Gorges Marcus 
d'Arcey-Irvine, of Castle Irvine, Baronet, son and heir of William Mervyn 
Irvine, Esq., of Castle Irvine, by his wife, a daughter of Gorges Lowther, 


Esq., of Kilunc, County Meath, member of parliament, and grandson 
of Christopher Irvine, Esq., of Castle Irvine, by Mary, his wife, second 
daughter and coheir of Sir Audley Mervyn, of Trillick Castle, County Tyrone, 
Kut). Ar. — a fess gules between three holly leaves, ppr. Crest — A dexter 
arm in armor fessways, issuant out of a cloud, a hand ppr. holding a 
thistle, also ppr. Motto — Dum memor ipse mci. 

In the coats of arms of the Irvines, Irvins, Irvings and Irwins holly 
leaves or the thistle are always to be found — one or both. 

The American Irvines. 

The American Irvines are of Scotch descent, being descended in a direct 
and unbroken line from the ancient house of Bonshaw, Scotland. 

Robert Irvine fled from Scotland to Gleno, Ireland, in 1584. He married 
Elizabeth Wylie, and they had one son, David, who married Sophia Gault, 
whose family were of the nobility of Scotland, and descended from the Shaws, 
who built Ballygally Castle on the shore of Larne in 1625. Above the en- 
trance door of this castle is this inscription: "God's Providence is my inheri- 
tance." Previous to the time of their building Ballygally Castle on the shore 
of Larne, they had been Lairds of Greenock in Scotland. The Shaws inter- 
married with the Bissets. 

The following was sent me from Larne, Ireland : 

" The ruins of Olderfleet Castle, near Larne Harbor — the original size of 
this castle was considerably larger than it appears at present, and there is good 
reason for fixing the period of its erection at or about the year 1242, by a 
Scotch family by the name of Bisset, who were compelled to leave Scotland, 
owing to their implication in the murder of Patrick Comyn, Earl of Athol. 
The castle was at one time important as a defensive fortress against the preda- 
tory bands of Scotch who infested the northeastern coast, and once under 
the direction of a governor. The office was held in 1569, by Sir Moyses Hill, 
but in 1598 it was thought no longer necessary and accordingly abolished. 
The castle and adjoining territory were granted in 1610, to Sir Arthur Chi- 
chester, the founder of the noble family of Donegal. It was here that Edward 
Bruce, the last monarch of Ireland, landed with his band of Scotch, when he 
endeavored to free Ireland from English rule in 131 5." 

The son of David Irvine and Sophia Gault — James — married Margaret 
Wylie, and had ten children born to him, viz. : Margaret, who married her 
cousin, Ephraim McDowell ; Mary, who married her cousin, John Wylie (both 
Mary and Margaret died in Ireland, and lie buried in the old churchyard of 

Raloo. ) Thomas, who married and settled at Cushendal, Ireland, 

where he lived and died and where his descendants now reside ; Alexander, 


* * * 


D D 





MOTTO : l^audem implebitur. 


who married a kinswoman, a Miss Gault ; George, David, William, Robert, 
James and Samuel., 

The seven last named Irvines all came to America between the years of 
1725 and 1 73 1. Alexander Irvine lived in Scotland, and he and his brother, 
Robert, were at a hunt in Argyleshire, where Alexander got into a difficulty 
with a man and gave him wounds from which he died. He and Robert fled 
from Scotland, in hunting dress, and came, by night, to Gleno. Alexander 
was afterwards pardoned for his offense and returned to Scotland, and came 
from thereto America; landed at Philadelphia, and went from there to Bed- 
ford county, Va. 

This is the tradition that goes lamely about Gleno to this day : 

While Alexander Irvine was at Gleno he fell in love with a beautiful Irish 
girl, of low degree, and she returned his love. They were in the habit of 
meeting at the Irvine and MacDowell mill at night-fall, beneath a tree which 
has ever since been call the "fatal trysting tree." The tree separated just 
where its immense bole came out of the ground, and formed two large trees. 

The love affair of these two young people was destined to end in an awful 
tragedy. Some spy and informer, learning that they had plighted their troth, 
hastened to inform Alexander Irvine's family of the danger of his misalliance 
with this beautiful girl, his first love, and he was called back to Edinburgh. 

The night before he went away he and his sweetheart met, as was usual 
with them, beneath the trysting tree, and Alexander Irvine gave the girl a 
knife with a silver handle that had his name engraved, in full, upon it. They 
vowed eternal love and parted. In a short time after Irvine returned to Edin- 
burgh he married a Miss Gault, removed to the north of Ireland, where his three 
sons, Andrew, William and Christopher, were born, and then came to America, 
some say from Scotland, some from Ireland. I am not able to say from which 
country he came, nor does it matter. 

After he was married a short time, the young Irish girl, to whom he had 
vowed to be true unto death, heard of his marriage, and one moonlight night 
she went to the trysting tree and stabbed herself in the heart and died, with 
the knife of her lover still in the wound. So her brother found her. He drew 
the knife from her pulseless breast, and holding it aloft, vowed " to never, sleep ^"^ 
until he plunged the knife, stained by his sister's blood, into Alexander Irvine's 

He started that night, in a boat that was to cross the North Channel, but 
which never landed, and went down with all on board, and rests today beneath 
the turbid waters that divide Ireland from Scotland. 

It may be that Alexander Irvine removed from Scotland to the north of 
Ireland to be further away from the scenes of his early love, and perhaps he 
crossed the ocean to find ease for his troubled conscience. Certain it is that 
tradition has brought to me the story that he was a sad and silent man. He 
was my ancestor, and his son, Andrew, was my grandfather. 


Andrew Irvine had many sons, but never named one for his father — 
" Alexander being considered an unlucky name " — so I have been told by my 
oldest kinswoman now alive. Miss Semple, of Larne, Ireland, in a letter to an 
Irvine descendant, says that it was Alexander Irvine first who killed the man on 
the hunting field, and not the Alexander who came to Bedford county, Vir- 
ginia, but she is mistaken, for the story of his misfortune was told by his son, 
Andrew, to an old lady, who was born in 1814, and who was alive a year ago. 

He had three sons — Andrew, Christopher and William. Alexander 
Irvine and his wife died the same day. His wife's death grieved him deeply, 
but he went with some men into an orchard to have her grave made. He 
selected a suitable spot, under a spreading tree, and then returned to his house, 
lay down and died without complaining of illness. He and his wife were 
buried in one grave. The Virginia Irvines reared Andrew and the Pennsyl- 
vania Irvines brought up Christopher and William. Andrew Irvine was young 
when his father died, and, by the time he was grown, he had lost sight of his 
two brothers, both younger than himself, and never met them in this life. 

Andrew Irvine married Elizabeth Mitchell ; Elizabeth Mitchell was the 
daughter of William Mitchell and Elizabeth Innes, who were married in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, and came to Bedford county, Va. Elizabeth Innes was the 
daughter of Hugh Innes, who came to Bedford county, Va., together with his 
two brothers — James and Robert. The ship in which they sailed from Scot- 
land to this country was wrecked, and the Innes brothers — James, Hugh and 
Robert were all of the crew that were saved. For many years the descendants 
of these three Innes brothers vainly tried to obtain the fortune left by Miss 
Jane Innes. 

The children of Andrew Irvine and Elizabeth Mitchell, were: Robert, 
Stephen, John, Caleb, Joshua, William, Jane, Lucinda, Polly and Elizabeth. 

It may be stated here that Andrew Irvine was a revolutionary soldier. 

Robert Irvine died young and unmarried. 

Stephen married first a Mrs. Whitside, widow ; second, Betsy Barrier 
(maiden name, Janvier) ; John married Sarah Wilson ; Joshua married a Miss 
Wilson ; Caleb married Miss Mitchell, and was drowned in the Tennessee 
river, Tennessee. He was the grandfather of Wilbur Browder, of Russel- 
ville, Ky. William married Eliza Howe ; Lucinda married Dr. Flavius Phil- 
lips ; Jane and Mary married and died young; Elizabeth married Rev. Samuel 
Rogers, a pioneer preacher of Kentucky. 

The seven Irvine brothers who came to America before and after the year 
1729, were brothers to Margaret Irvine, who married Ephraim McDowell. 
Their names were : Alexander, George, David, William, Robert, James and 
Samuel. As has been stated before, their father and they fled from Scotland 
on account of political persecutions. They settled at Gleno, where their 
ancestor, Robert Irvine, and his descendants, had owned land since 1584. 
The farm the Irvines occupied had been considered unlucky for generations. 


But they determined to cast aside all superstitious fears and occupy it. They 
made a bleaching green and built a mill in partnership with the McDowells, 
their kinsmen, and how they prospered shall be told by a lady who recently 
wrote me a long letter from Larne, Ireland : 

Mounthill, Larne, Ireland. 

= * * My people have lived here from generation to generation for 300 
years. The first Irvines came to Gleno, Ireland, in 15S4. The 

McDowells came at the same time. They were kinsmen. That year a thou- 
sand families came from Scotland and the Isles to occupy the land of the Karl 
of Antrim, and to find safety from persecution. There were two brothers of 
Margaret Irvine McDowell, who fled from the hunting field in Scotland and came 
in hunting dress in the night-time. They found shelter in the house of William 
Wylie. Their names were Alexander and Robert. Alexander was pardoned 
for whatever it was he did and returned to Scotland, and from there he went to 
America. Robert remained and married a daughter of William Wylie, and 
obtained a grant of land from Lord Antrim. Alexander and his brothers and 
Ephraim McDowell's wife were lineal descendants of Robert Irvine, who fled 
from Scotland in 1584. Sally, another daughter of William Wylie, married 
John Knox, a Scottish refugee. 

The Irvine and McDowell farm has a queer history. Altogether you could 
not look on a more lovely or peaceful spot. It went from the first Irvine to 
whom it belonged, to another and so on, until it was sold to one Krancis Lee, in 
1731. The way he got the money to buy it was strange. He was up-rooting 
some small trees, below one of them he found a pot full of gold coins — with this 
he bought the farm. The Irvines had never had any luck on the farm as long 
as any member of the family lived on it. Lee enlarged the bleaching green and 
built new works, but he failed in every thing he attempted to do, just as the 
Irvines had done, and was obliged to sell out. A man by the name of Agnew 
bought the place. Then it went to the present owner's grandfather, who 
killed himself drin king whisk} - . The man who owns it to-day has what we 
call bad luck. His children have nearly all died, and he loses a number of his 
cattle every year. You will think we Irish are superstitious — nevertheless it 
is quite true, that at certain times around the old mill built by the Irvines and 
McDowells, a bright light is seen that can not be accounted for. It has been 
seen ever since Alexander Irvine's sweetheart killed herself beneath the trysting 
tree that overshadowed the mill. 

There is the largest yew tree ever seen growing before the old home of 
the Irvines, which was planted by one of the Irvines. 

From the parish church of Gleno, that stands beside the waterfalls, on the 
most romantic spot imaginable, overlooking the village, you could speak to 
one at the old home of the Irvines and McDowells. 

As I have told you before, the Irvines and McDowells failed in business 


and went to America — some with Ephraim McDowell and some of them 
afterwards. Seven brothers went, first and last. 

I have been counting up and I can find 337 souls, dead and alive, that 
have sprung from Margaret Irvine, wife of Ephraim McDowell, through her 
son, Thomas McDowell, who married Janet Ried. 

William Irvine married Anne Craig, in Ireland; issue — Johannah, Chris- 
topher and David. 

William Irvine buried his only daughter, Johannah, and his wife in the 
church yard of Raloo, and he and his sons, Christopher and David came to 
America about 1729, and settled in Bedford county, Virginia. 

Christopher Irvine, son of William Irvine and Anne Craig, went to Wilkes 
county, Georgia, and David Irvine married Jane Kyle, July 21, 1754, in Bedford 
county, Virginia, and came to Kentucky and settled in Madison county. He 
had thirteen children. 'Sophia, daughter of David Irvine and Jane Kyle, mar- 
ried William Fox. Sophia Irvine was a sister to Col. William Irvine (who 
died 1819) and to Capt. Christopher, Robert, and Magdalen, who married Pitt- 
man. Sophia, who married William Fox, was grandmother of Mrs. Sophia Fox 
Sea, of Louisville, Ky. Sophia was born in 1779 and died in 1833. Amelia 
married a Hockaday and died in 1830. Mary married Adams and died in 1803. 
Elizabeth married Hale Talbot. Sally married Goggin. Margaret married 
Mr. Pace. Jane married Archibald Curie; she was born in 1769 and died 
1833. There was also a son, Henry. Frances married Rowland. Anne 
married Goggin. 

Capt. Christopher Irvine, born about 1760, was killed while with General 
Logan in Ohio. Captain Christopher married Lydia Calloway, daughter of 
Col. Richard Calloway, who was killed at Boonesboro, Ky. Capt. Christopher 
Irvine and Lydia Calloway had two daughters, Fannie and Mary, and one son, 
David. Mary (born 1784, died 1869) married John Hart. Fannie married 
Robert Caldwell. The widow of Capt. Christopher Irvine married Gen. 
Richard Hickman. 

Col. William Irvine was born in Campbell count} - , Virginia, in 1768, died 
near Richmond, Ky., January 18, 1819. Col. William Irvine married Eliza- 
beth Hockaday. Issue: Christopher, who fell at Dudley's defeat; David, 
born 1796; Edmund, who married Sail)' Ann Clay 1823, but died soon after, 
and his widow married M. C. Johnston. Albert Irvine married Miss Coleman, 
and, after the death of his wife, removed to Texas. Adam married Minerva 
Stone, and had one son born to him, William McClannahan (born 1825, died 
1891), who married his cousin, Elizabeth Irvine. Patsey married Ezekiel 
Field. Amelia married William McClannahan. 

David, son of Col. William Irvine, married Susan McDowell, a grand- 
daughter to Gen. Isaac Shelby. They had four children: (1) Sarah, who 
married Gen. Addison White, and had six children — (a) Bettie, married 


Oliver Pattern ; (b) Alice, married Dr. Gilbert Greenway ; (c) Susan, daughter 
of Sarah, married Judge Richard W. Walker, of Alabama Supreme Court; 
(e) David Irvine, married Lucy Mathews; (/) Newton. (2) Isaac Shelby 
Irvine. (3) David W. Irvine. (4) Elizabeth S. Irvine, now of Richmond, 
Ky., who married William Irvine. The other Irvines to whom the Irvines 
mentioned are related are Abram Irvine, of Rockbridge county, Virginia, who 
was born in Ireland (some say Scotland) in 1725, married Mary Dean, born in 
Ireland in 1734, and had many children. John, one of the children (born 
1755), came to Kentucky in 1786, and married Miss Armstrong, of Mercer 
count} - . 

The Irvines immigrated to the east of Ireland and west of Scotland with 
the Gauls of Spain, and our immediate family moved to the North of Ireland 
during the protectorate of Cromwell. On May 9, 1729, some of the Irvines, 
McDowells, McElroys, Campbells and others sailed from Londonderry and 
landed the same year in Pennsylvania, where they remained until 1737, when 
they removed to Rockbridge and Bedford counties, Virginia, and were the first 
settlers on Burden's grant. 

One of the immigrants in that party was John Irvine, a Presbyterian 
preacher. His children were probably all born in this country and consisted 
of one son, Abram, and four daughters, and probably other sons, but of this I 
am not certain. 

Irvines and McDowells. 

[Copied from Green's "Historic Families of Kentucky."] 

Among the very earliest settlers in the valley of Virginia, were Scotch- 
Irish Presbyterian families, named Irvine, kinsmen of the McDowells and prob- 
ably descended from the brothers of Ephraim McDowell's wife, who immi- 
grated with him to Pennsylvania and some who followed him to Burden's 
grant. Their names are found among the soldiers of the French and Indian 
War, as well as the War of the Revolution, from both Pennsylvania and Vir- 
ginia. Members of the family were among the first settlers of Mercer county, 
neighbors to their McDowell kin. Among the magistrates who held the 
first county court in Mercer, in August, 1786, were John Irvine, Samuel 
McDowell, Sr. , and Gabriel Madison. One of the family, Anna, daughter of 
Abram Irvine, became the wife of her kinsman, Samuel McDowell, of Mercer. 
The children born of this marriage were : John Adair, soldier in the War of 
18 1 2, married Lucy Todd Starling, daughter of William Starling and Susannah 
Lyne, of Mercer county, Ky. His daughter, Anne, married John Winston 
Price, of Hillsboro, Ohio. 

Abram , born April 24, 1793, soldier in the War of 18 12, fought at 


Missisenewa, was clerk of the Supreme Court, of the Court of Common Pleas, 
and of the Court in Banc and was at one time mayor of Columbus, Ohio. He 
married Eliza Seldon, in 1817, daughterof Colonel Lord. Gen. Irvine McDowell, 
of the United States army, who attained the highest rank of any of his name, 
was his oldest son. Col. John McDowell, soldier in the Union army, was 
another son. Malcolm McDowell, also a soldier in the Union army, was 
another son ; while his daughter, Eliza, married Major Bridgeman, of the 
regular army. 

Col. Joseph McDowell married Sarah Irvine, sister to Anna Irvine, wife of 
Samuel McDowell. Samuel, son of Col. Joseph Irvine and Sarah Irvine 
McDowell, married first, Amanda Ball, granddaughter of John Reed, and 
cousin to James G. Birney. The sole issue of this marriage was a daughter, 
who married Dr. Meyer, of Boyle county, Ky. 

Information Concerning the Ir vines from San Antonio, Texas. 

Abram Irvine, born in Scotland, May 1725, married Mary Dean, born in 
Ireland, February 22, 1733. They emigrated to Rockbridge county, Virginia. 
Mary Dean's mother was Jane McAlister, a Scotch woman who assisted at the 
siege of Londonderry. The Protestants were reduced to starvation, and Jane 
McAlister inverted the flour barrels and made the tops white with flour in order 
that the spies might think that article plentiful when they looked through the 
cracks of the weak walls. 

The children of Abram Irvine and Mary Dean were : John, born February 
25, 1755, married Prudence Armstrong, of Mercer county, Kentucky. The 
children of John and Prudence Armstrong Irvine were: Samuel, Polly, Mar- 
garet, Sally, Abram, I'riscilla and Robert. 

Hans, born April 25, 1758, never married. 

Margaret Irvine, born April 25, 1762, married, first, Samuel Lapsley ; 
second, Rev. John Lyle. 

Mary Irvine married, first, William Adair, second, Issachar Paulding. Her 
children were Alexander and William Adair. 

Anne Irvine, born November 28, 1763, married Samuel McDowell. Their 
children were John, Abram, William, Joseph, Sally, Reed and Alexander. 

Abram Irvine, born August 8, 1766, married, first, Sally Henry, and 
second, Margaret McAfee. 

Robert Irvine, born in 1768, married Judith Glover. Children: John,. 
Polly, Judith, Abram D., Robert and Sarah. 

Nancy Irvine, born July 5, 1790, married Frank McMordie. Children: 
Robert, Jane, Hans, Polly, Abram and Margaret. 

Elizabeth Irvine, born March 20, 1772, married George Caldwell, grand- 


father of Mrs. Mary Caldwell Crawford, of San Antonio, Texas. The children 
of Elizabeth Irvine and George Caldwell were George, Polly, Abram, 
Isabella, John, William and Eliza. 

Sarah Irvine, born November 21, 1774, married Joseph McDowell. 
Children: Sarah, Margaret, Lucy, Charles, Caleb and Magdalen, who is last 
living one of this generation, and is now Mrs. M. M. Wallace, and lives near 
Danville, Ky. 

William Dean Irvine, born August, 1775, never married. Was captain 
of volunteers in the War of 1812; died in Natchez, Miss. 

William Irvine and Some of His Descendants. 

Wiliiam Irvine married Anne Craig in Ireland. Issue: Johannah, who 
died and lies buried in the old churchyard of Raloo, Ireland ; Christopher and 

Miss Semple, who lives at Mounthill, Larne, Ireland, writes: 

" I have found the old book of a stone-cutter, which is two hundred years 
old. He was in the habit of going to persons, who were entitled to coats of 
arms, and asking the privilege of copying their arms, in order to carve them 
on the tombstones of the dead. I send you the arms of William Irvine, given 
to this old stone cutter." 

Miss Semple then sends the arms of one branch of the Irvines of Bonshaw — 
motto : "Sub sole sub umbra virens. " These arms may have been chosen by 
William Irvine, but they are not the arms belonging to the Irish branch. 
Sir William d'Arcey Irvine was kind enough to send me the arms borne by 
the branch of the family of the house of Bonshaw, that settled in Ireland, and 
they appear in the front of this book. 

William Irvine's wife, Anne Craig, died and was buried at Raloo, and he 
and his two sons, David and Christopher, came to America ; landed at Phila- 
delphia, and from thence made their way to Bedford county, Virginia, and 
settled. Christopher Irvine, son of William Irvine and Anne Craig, removed 
from Bedford county, Virginia, to Wilkes county, Georgia, and David came to 
Kentucky, and was the progenitor of the Madison county Irvines. 

The will of David Irvine, son of William and Anne Craig, was written in 
1804 and recorded in 1805. Heirs: Mary, Elizabeth, Magdalen, Anna, Wil- 
liam, Sarah, Jane, Robert, Frances, Margaret, Amelia, Sophia, Christopher, 
(who died before the will was made). Sophia married William Fox ; Amelia 
married Hockaday ; Mary married Adams ; Elizabeth married Hale Talbot ; 
Sarah married Goggin ; Margaret married Pace ; Jane married Archibald 
Curie ; Frances married Rowland ; Anne married Goggin, and Captain Christo- 
pher was killed while with General Logan in Ohio. 


William, son of David Irvine, married Elizabeth Hockaday. William 
came from Campbell county, Virginia; died in Richmond, Ky., in 1819, aged 
fifty-five years. His wife died in 18 18. William Irvine was the first clerk of 
the court of Madison county, Kentucky. He was appointed clerk by the first 
court that was organized in that county, and held the office until his death. 

His brother, Christopher, built the fort at Irvine's Lick. He was badly 
wounded at Little Mountain. Christopher was a delegate to the convention in 
Virginia in 1787-88, that ratified the Constitution of the United States; also 
delegate to the Danville, Ky. , convention , elector of the United States Senate 
in 1792; district presidential elector in 1805 and 1817; elector at large in 1813 ; 
member of the Kentucky Society for Promoting Useful Knowledge. Christo- 
pher Irvine had eleven children. I am able to give the names of only seven — 
David, Christopher, Albert, Edwin, Adam, Mrs. Ezekiel Field and Mrs. Wm. 

David, son of William Irvine, married a daughter of Dr. Ephraim 
McDowell and his wife — Shelby, daughter of first governor of Kentucky, 
Isaac Shelby. (The wife of Governor Shelby was a daughter of Nathaniel 
Hart, who was a distinguished member of the Transylvania Company and 
brother of Mrs. Henry Clay's father, and of United States Senator Archibald 
Dickson's grandfather). 

David Irvine was born 1796, died 1872. Children: David, Irvine Shelby, 
Sarah and Elizabeth. The last, Elizabeth, married her cousin, W. M. Irvine, 
son of Adam Irvine. Sarah married Hon. Addison White. Christopher was a 
captain in the War of 18 12 ; he was killed at Fort Meigs and there buried. Edwin, 
or Edmund, married Sarah Ann, daughter of Gen. Green Clay, sister of Gen. 
Cassius M. Clay; after the death of Edwin Irvine she married Mat. Johnson, 
distinguished financier of Lexington, Ky. 

Albert, son of David Irvine, was a minister; his son, Adam, is a ranchman 
at Gainesville, Tex. 

Christopher Irvine, brother of William, builder of Fort Irvine and first 
clerk of Madison county, Ky., was a delegate to the Danville convention, in 
1785, and deputy surveyor of Lincoln county, Ky., before the formation of 
Madison, together with Gen. Green Clay. He was also a member of the Lin- 
coln county court in 1783 ; he was killed during an Indian raid in Ohio, in 1786. 
The wife of this Christopher was Lydia, daughter of Col. Richard Calloway ; 
Lydia's second husband was Gen. Richard Hickman. The daughter of Gen. 
Richard Hickman and Lydia Calloway, married Samuel Hanson, and their son 
Roger Hanson, was the famous commander of the Orphan Brigade in the Con- 
federate army. Richard Hanson, lawyer of Paris, Ky., was a son of Samuel 
Hanson, and the daughter of Gen. R. Hickman and Lydia Calloway, his wife ; 
a daughter of Samuel Hanson married Captain Stern, soldier in the Mexican 

Col. Christopher Irvine and his wife, Lydia Calloway, had three children : 


DavidC; Fanny, who married Robert Caldwell ; Mary, who married John Hart, 
of Fayette county, Ky. David C, married a Miss Howard, of Fayette county, 
Ky. To her is due the honor of founding the first temperance society in 
Madison county, Ky. She was a very talented woman. 

Christopher Irvine, brother of David, son of William the widower, mar- 
ried, late in life, Jane, widow of Col. John Hardin, who was killed by Indians 
while on a peace mission under the government, beyond the Ohio river. 

The children of Francis Irvine Caldwell, daughter of Col. Christopher 
Irvine and his wife, Lydia Calloway, were: James, a minister; David C, 
who moved to Missouri; Mary, who married Chief Justice Simpson, of Win- 
chester, Ky., and Elizabeth, who married Orville Browning, of Illinois. 

Mrs. Edmund Pendleton Shelby, of Lexington, Ky., is descended from 
Mary Irvine (daughter of Col. Christopher Irvine and his wife, Lydia Calloway), 
who married John Hart. The children of Mary Irvine and John Hart, were: 
David, who married Lucy Ann Goodloe ; the children of this marriage were : 
Edwin, Christopher, Sophia, Isaac, Fanny, John, David, Lydia, Mary, 
Thomas, Sallie and Nathaniel. The children of David Hart, who married Lucy 
Ann Goodloe, are : Susan Goodloe, who married Edmund Pendleton Shelby. 
Their children are: Hart. William, Lucy, Lily 1'"., Edmund, David, Isaac, 
Evan, Susan, Mary and Arthur. Lily Fontaine Shelby married George Sea 
Shanklin ; issue — Shelby and George. 

Genealogy of Mrs. Sophia Fox Sea, of Louisville, Ky.— Mrs. Sea is well 
known in literary circles as a writer of great ability. She proves the saying 
that has been in the Irvine family for generations — " The Irvine women have 
ever been more brilliant and talented than the men." 
DAVID IRVINE was born May 29, 1721; he died October 17, 1804. On 

July 21, 1754, in Bedford county, Virginia, he was married by the Rev. 

McKee, to Jane Kyle, who died February 15, 1809. Thirteen children: 

1. Christopher, born September 11, 1755 ; killed by Indians in Ohio, 

about October 6, 1786. He married Lydia Calloway, daughter 
of Colonel Richard Calloway. He left three children, Mary, 
Fannie and David C. Mary was born in Madison county, 
Kentucky, March 4, 1784; married John Hart, and died in 
Fayette county, Kentucky, September 14, 1869. Fannie married 
Robert Caldwell. 

2. Mary, born September 15, 1757; married Christopher (?) Adams; 

died February 22, 1803. 

3. Elizabeth, born January 5, 1760 ; married Hale Talbot, and died. 

4. Anne, born May 18, 1761 ; married Richard Goggin September 

28, 1 79 1, and died. 

5. William, born in Campbell county, Virginia, June 2, 1763; married 

Elizabeth Hockaday ; died in Madison county, Kentucky, January 
20, 1 8 19. 


6. Magdalene, born July 6, 1765; married (1) Bourne Price, Decem- 

ber 26, 1787; (2) Pittman; died January 25, 1830. 

7. Sarah, born January 9, 1767; married Goggin, and died 

about 1832. 

8. Jane, born July 2, 1769; married Archibald Curie, September 29, 

1791 ; died July — , 1833. 

9. Robert, born March — , 1 771 ; died October — , 1818. 

10. Frances, born 21st, 177-; married Rowland, and died. 

11. Margaret, bom April 6, 1774; married John Page December 18, 

179 — ; died August 2, i860. 

12. Amelia, born June 25, 1775; married Isaac Hockaday, March 31, 

1796; died July 13, 1830. 

13. Sophie, born December II, 1779; married William Fox,* May 13, 

1S02; died in Somerset, Ky., October 15, 1833. 
The foregoing is taken from David Irvine's family Bible ; the record is 
now with Mrs. Sophie Boyd. This is a correct copy. 

A. M. Sea, Jr., 1895. 

The Fox Line. 

The Fox family that settled in Virginia is of the same lineage as Henry, 
Lord Holland, and retain to this day many strongly marked racial character- 
istics. Of the latter family sprung WILLIAM FOX, son of Samuel Fox and 
Rhoda Pickering Fox. William Fox was born in Hanover county, Va., 
March 1, 1779. He apprenticed himself to his uncle, Peter Tinsley, clerk of 
the High Court of Chancery, and it was to Mr. Tinsley that he was indebted 
for his fine penmanship and knowledge of jurisprudence. From 1799 until his 
resignation in 1846, he was clerk of the Pulaski County and Circuit Courts. 
His opinions, bearing upon knotty points of law, were accepted as incontro- 
vertible authority by all the leading lawyers of his district. He was a man of 
inherited aristocratic social theories, but of exalted personal worth, of the 
highest order of intellectual and business finesse second to none. He married 
Sophie Irvine, youngest daughter of David Irvine and Jane Kyle, a worthy 
descendant of her ancient line of intellectual and virtuous gentlewomen. 
Sophie Irvine died October 15, 1833. William Fox married, second, Mary 
Irvine, daughter of Hale and Elizabeth (Irvine) Talbot, of Warren county, Mo. 
The children of William Fox and Sophie Irvine were : 
I. FONTAINE TALBOT. (See I below). 

* William Fox was my mother's grandfather. Her father was Judge Fontaine F. Fox, of 
Danville, K3". 


II. AMANDA FITZALAN, who married her cousin, Bourne Goggin, also 
a descendent of the Irvines. Campbell speaks of the Goggin family thus : 
The family of Gookin, or Goggin, is very ancient, and appears to have 
been originally found at Canterbury in Kent, England. The name has 
undergone successive changes — the early New England (Virginia) chroni- 
cles spelled it "Goggin." Daniel Goggin came to Virginia 1621, with 
fifty picked men of his own, and thirty passengers exceedingly well fur- 
nished with all sorts of provisions, cattle, etc., and planted himself at 
Newport News. In the massacre of 1622 he held out against the savages, 
with a force of thirty men, and saved his plantation. It is possible that 
he affected to make a settlement independent of the civil power of the 
colony, and it appears to have been styled by his son, " a lordship." 
It was above Newport News, and called Mary's Mount. Their ancient 
crest is given by Campbell. Bourne Goggin and Amanda F. Goggin 
had four children : 

1. William, banker, married to Katherine Higgins. They have 


2. Ann, married to Timothy Pennington. They have five children : 

Bessie, Bourne, Ephraim, Amanda Fox, who married Philip 
Kemp (railroad official), and Timothy. 

3. Richard, deceased, also married Katherine Higgins, and left two 

children : Bourne and Jeannie. 

4. Amanda Fitzalan, unmarried. 

III. JANE PICKERING, who married, first, Dr. James Caldwell, and second, 
Eben Milton, P^sq. By Dr. Caldwell she had four children : 

1. Sophie Irvine, married to Dr. James Parker. They had four 

•children : Samuel, Joseph, Zenice and Tea. 

2. Mary, who married Sy Richardson. No children. 

3. Isabella, unmarried. 

4. Amanda Fitzalan, deceased. 

IV. ELIZABETH FOX, married to Fitzpatrick, and had three children : 

1. Sophie, married to Thompson Miller, of Missouri. 

2. Mary. 

3. James. 

V. SOPHIE IRVINE, married to Col. John. S. Kendrick, a Virginia gen- 
tleman. She left one child : 

Sophie, married to Judge Jas. W. Alcorn, of Stanford, Ky., a cor- 
poration lawyer of high standing. They have a number of 
VI. WILLIAM MONTGOMERY, married Sophronia Coffee. They had 
seven children : 

1. Jesse, married Jane Newell, and has five children. 

2. Fontaine, married Sallie Rout ; one child. 


3. William, unmarried. 

4. Bourne, married Nannie Wood, and has two children. 

5. Frank, deceased. 

6. Montgomery, married Anne Baughman, and has two children. 

I. FONTAINE TALBOT FON (No. 1 above), late Judge of the Eighth 
Kentucky circuit, of Danville, Ky. Judge Fox spent a long life in public 
service, having filled many important offices of public trust, and in every 
capacity manifesting that incorruptible integrity, the inherited ruling prin- 
ciple of his nature. He made a large fortune at the legitimate practice of 
the law, having been retained as leading counsel in nearly all the most 
famous suits filed in the courts of Kentucky in his day, his fine oratorical 
powers and keen wit rendering him invulnerable in argument. At his his- 
toric home near Danville, Ky., he entertained with almost princely lavish- 
ness. His name is a synonym throughout his native state for legal learning 
and acumen and exalted personal worth. He married Eliza Hunton, 
daughter of Thomas and Ann (Bell) Hunton, of Charlottesville, Va. Mrs. 
Fox springs from renowned English and American ancestry. Among the 
possessions of the Hunton family is a coat of arms granted the family by 
Queen Elizabeth, in consideration of a large money loan. She is a cousin 
of General Eppa Hunton, U. S. Senator from Virginia, and of electoral 
commission fame. Her three brothers, Felix, Logan and Thomas Hunton, 
form a coterie of legal lights rarely ever found in one family, Logan 
Hunton having been the author of the Allison letter to which is accredited 
the election of Taylor to the presidency. In consideration of this fact he 
was offered a cabinet position, but declined the honor, unwilling to give 
up his large and lucrative practice at the New Orleans bar, but accepted 
the position of attorney for the District of Louisiana. Thomas Hunton 
was his law partner. In Missouri, during the stormy days preceding the 
civil war, Felix Hunton, although a cripple from rheumatism, by virtue of 
his splendid intellect and executive finesse, was the leader of the Demo- 
cratic party, and could easily have had any office within the gift of the 
people. Mrs. Fox's maternal grandfather was John Bell, a Virginian, and 
a man of large wealth, who came to Kentucky at an early day. He 
married Frances Tunstall, a lineal descendant of the famous English family 
by that name. There is in the possession of the Tunstall family a paper 
prepared by Froude, the English historian, whose mother was a Tunstall, 
tracing the Tunstall line through hundreds of years down to the immigration 
to this country, a valuable document supplemented by the American branch. 
The children of Fontaine Talbot Fox and Eliza Hunton Fox are : 

1. Thomas Hunton, lawyer and brilliant writer. He married Henrietta 
Clay Wilson, a widow, nee Gist, a descendant of the Gist family 
so famous in colonial and pioneer history. She died in 1889. 
He married, second, Mary Moberly, of a notable Kentucky 


family. By his first wife he had two children, Susan Gist, 
unmarried, and Eliza Hunton, who married John Rogers, a farmer 
of Fayette county, Kentucky, and has two children, William and 
Thomas Hunton Rogers. 

2. William McKee Fox, deceased, a lawyer of distinguished ability 

and magnetic personality, invariably retained as counsel in every 
suit filed in his large and important judicial district. Unmarried. 

3. Peter Camden Fox, deceased, lawyer, and Major of Scott's Louisi- 

ana Cavalry, on the Southern side, during the war between the 
states, a man of strong mental endowments, and also of great 
magnetic personality. Unmarried. 

4. Fontaine Talbot Fox, lawyer, of Louisville, Ky., was assistant 

city attorney of Louisville, from 1870 to 1873. Appointed by 
Governor McCreary vice-chancellor. Ran for governor of Ken- 
tucky on the Prohibition ticket in 1887. Is author of two books, 
on the "The Warranty in the Fire Insurance Contract," and the 
" Woman Suffrage Movement in the United States." Is called 
a master of the English language. He married Mary Barton, 
daughter of Prof. Samuel Barton and Frances Pierce DuRelle, a 
widow, mother of Judge DuRelle, of the Supreme Court of Ken- 
tucky. Professor Barton was closely allied to the Key family of 
Maryland, and his wife is a member of the Pierce family of 
which President Pierce was the head. Judge and Mrs. Fox had 
five children : Fontaine, Frances, S. Barton, Mary Yandell and 
Jessie St. John. 

5. Samuel Irvine Fox, a physician, residing in Montgomery county, 

Texas, who married Margaret Derrick, of a fine old South Caro- 
lina family. They have four children : Carrie Eliza, Margaret, 
Fontaine Talbot and Annie. 

6. Felix Goggin Fox, lawyer, and a man of scholarly attainments. 

7. Sophie Irvine Fox, married to Capt. Andrew McBrayer Sea. 

Mrs. Sea is a writer who has left her impress in poetry and prose 
on the literature of her time. Captain Sea is a descendant of 
pioneer families, and of the ancient Scotch-Irish race of McBriar 
or McBrayer. (See Anderson's ' ' Scottish Nation.") He is a com - 
mission merchant of Louisville, and an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church, the Church of his covenanting ancestry. Was a Confeder- 
ate soldier, and won his spurs on hotly-contested fields. Captain 
and Mrs. Sea have four sons : Fontaine Fox, Robert Winston, 
Andrew McBrayer and Logan Hunton. Captain Sea's father, 
Robert W. Sea, was a wealthy merchant of Lawrenceburg, Ky., 
a man who stood very high in the community. It is said of him 
that he nearly put an end to litigation in his county, people going 


to him to settle their differences rather than to the courts. He 
married Mary McBrayer, daughter of Andrew McBrayer and 
Martha (Blackwell) McBrayer, and died at the early age of thirty- 
five, in 1845. In the Biographical Encyclopedia of Kentucky, is 
a statement to the effect that Wm. McBrayer, father of Andrew 
McBrayer, came, in 1775, to Kentucky from North Caroiina, 
to which state he had immigrated from Ireland just prior to the 
Revolutionary War. Leonard Sea, paternal grandfather of Cap- 
tain Sea, was a soldier in General Wayne's army, and distinguished 
for bravery in the battle of Fort Meigs and other bloody engage- 

8. John Oliver Fox, a civil engineer, was employed in important 

work in several large European and American cities. He died 
in 1876, aged twenty-nine years. 

9. Ann Bell Fox, married to Jerry Clemens Caldwell, a successful 

stock-raiser and able financier, a man of large wealth. He is a 
descendant of the Wickliffe, Caldwell and Clemens families of 
Kentucky. They have five children : Charles Wickliffe, Eliza 
Hunton, Jerry Clemens, Fontaine Fox and Logan. 
10. Charles Crittenden Fox, lawyer, is city attorney at Danville, Ky., 
and master commissioner of the Boyle Circuit Court, and an elder 
in the Presbyterian Church. His standing at the bar of Kentucky 
is second to none. He married Mary Allen, daughter of Albert 
Allen and Mary (Offutt) Allen, of Lexington, and niece of 
Madison C. Johnston, the celebrated jurist, nephew of Col. 
Richard M. Johnson, vice-president of the United States. They 
have three living children : Allen, Anne Bell and Mary Hunton. 
Samuel Fox, father of William Fox, married Rhoda Pickering, 
daughter of Richard and Lucy Pickering, at Richmond, Va., 
date unknown. He came to Kentucky about 1783. It is said 
he inherited a large tract of land under the Virginia law of 
primogeniture. He owned a large estate and many slaves in 
Madison county, Ky., where Foxtown is now located, He died 
at Fox's, the name of his place, July 9, 1844, aged nearly ninety- 
nine years. 



Fair, those historic hills and valleys, where 

The shamrock and thistle grew, 
Where over the slopes and battle-crowned heights 

The breath of the heather blew, 


And a green isle shone clear as a jewel 

In setting of crystal dew ; 
But fairer the light of immortal deeds 

That shine eternal through. 

Illumined in the dim fane of ages, 

God's thinkers and workers stand. 
He calleth them, as the chieftain calleth 

Trusty ones in his command, 
To lead in the brunt of the combat, 

With foes on every hand. 
As such we cry, Hail, comrades, and welcome, 

Welcome to our dear Southland ! 

Yes, all hail to the race whose childhood saw 

God's truth like a rushlight shine, 
Till Iona's grim walls, on Scotia's shore, 

Glowed with effulgence divine. 
Still that light shines like the stars' fixed splendor; 

Still the great heart of mankind 
Reaches to it, through the mist of ages, 

Claims its heritage sublime. 

True hearts, of old Irish fire was your flame 

Akindled at Tara's shrine, 
And nourished by Scottish strength of will, 

Rare union of soul and mind ; 
Something akin to the power that holds 

In check the wave and the wind 
Was that dauntless race that no fear could tame, 

No earthly fetters could bind. 

And worthy they of all hearts' true homage, 

Worthy they that which is best 
And grandest and noblest in words that burn 

In thoughts to this sad earth blest. 
Statesmen, soldiers, God's thinkers, God's workers, 

To-day they stand well-confessed, 
As men in manhood's broadest manliness, 

Women by womanhood's test. 

O, land, our land, withhold not thy fulness 

Of honor. To death they wore, 
Like a garment well-fitting, thy purpose, 

For thy weal their blood did pour. 
Withhold not thy love. These spirits of fire 

Upward like angels did soar, 
Those wills of iron akindled the flame 

Of liberty on this shore. 

Still the fire burneth ; we thank Thee, O God ! 

Truth, virtue, their guiding star. 
Teuderest when humanity calls them, 

Sublimest in needs of war. 


Hail, hail, green isle, in thy crystal setting. 
Hail, stern rock-bound coast afar, 

Our birthrights of historic memories 
Glorious, eternal are. 

(Copied from " Cabells and Their Kin," history written by the eminent 
historian and writer of Nelson county, Virginia — Mr. Alexander Brown.) 


Clementia Cabell, born February 26, 1794, married at Union Hill, June 
29, 181 5, Jesse Irvine, of Bedford county, Va.; died at Otter, residence of her 
husband, near Peaks of Otter, June 12, 1841. Her husband, Jesse Irvine, was 
born in Bedford county, Va., 1792; educated at Washington Academy, 1810, 
and died February 2, 1876. He was the son of Wm. and Martha Burton 
Irvine. The father, Wm. Irvine, died in Bedford count)', Va. , in 1829. He 
was among the early settlers of that county. There were three brothers, David, 
Christopher and William Irvine, who are said to have come originally from 
Ireland, i. e. , to have been Scotch-Irish. Date of David's death unknown. 
Christopher died in 1769, and William in 1767. The widow of William Irvine 
married Robert Coman, of the same family as Wm. Coman, opposing lawyer 
to Patrick Henry in the beef case of Hook vs. Venable. Christopher's son, 
William, who is mentioned in his will, but William (died in 1829) is said to 
have been the son of first W'illiam, who died in 1767. Capt. Christopher and 
Col. William Irvine, who removed to Kentucky about 1779, were sons of one 
of the three emigrant brothers. Mrs. Clementia Cabell Irvine had issue by 
Jesse Irvine, her husband, as follows: Wm. Cabell (died in infancy), Martha 
(died in infancy), Ann C, Elvira Bruce (died young), Edward C, Sarah Cabell, 
Patrick Cabell, born in 1827, became a physician, died October 18, 1854, un- 
married. Margaret, born 1829, died 1830; Mary Eliza, Jesse, Juliet M., 
Margaret Frances. Wm. Cabell Irvine, lawyer, married Mary Ann Lewis, 
daughter of Meriwether Lewis, of Milton, N. C; died childless after being mar- 
ried three years. Wm. Cabell Irvine removed to California, where he died in 
1 85 1. Meriwether Lewis, of Milton, N. C, was a son of Robert Lewis and his 
wife, Ann Ragland. Robert Lewis was a son of Major James Lewis and his wife, 
Mildred Lewis. Major James Lewis was born October 8, 1720. Major James 
Lewis was the son of Col. Charles Lewis, born 1696; married in 1717, Mary 
Howell; settled "The Bird" plantation in Goochland county, April 17, 1 733— 
1779. Anne C, a descendant of these, is still living. She married, first, 
March 26, 1845, David Flournoy, son of Dr. David Flournoy, of Prince Edward 
county, Va., a widower with six children. Dr. David Flournoy died Novem- 
ber 11, 1846, leaving one child by his wife, Anne C. Irvine, Sarah Irvine 


Flournoy, born 1846, died 1849. Mrs, Anne C. Irvine Flournoy married, 
second, March 12, 1848, J. Overby, Esq., a farmer of Prince Edward count)-, 
Va. , a descendant of an old English family. Eeft seven children at his death. 
Paul Carrington Cabell, born April 10, 1799, educated at "Union Hill" 
until 1 S 1 3 ; lived with Dr. Geo. Calloway in Lynchburg, Va., and went to 
school to Holcombe and Jones in 1813-14, and to John Reid in 18 14-15. 
Studied medicine under Dr. Calloway, a distinguished physician of Amherst 
county. Married June 12, 1823, Mary B. Irvine, daughter of Wm. Irvine, of 
Bedford count)-, Va , vestryman of Lexington parish; died June 9, 1836, 
buried at "Mountain View." His wife died at Lynchburg, July, 1857, and 
was buried by her husband. The children of Paul Carrington Cabell and his 
wife, Mar\' B. Irvine, were: Wm. Irvine, Anne Carrington, Martha Elizabeth 
(who died young), Sallie Massie, Martha Burton (born 1833, died 1834), and 
Paul Clement. 


Margaret Washington Cabell, married first, December 7, 18 15, at 
" Soldier's Joy, " John Higginbotham, who died February 23, 1822. Issue: 
William, Thomas and Laura, born 1819, died 1827. Mrs. Margaret W. Hig- 
ginbotham, married second, September 17, 1839, at Lynchburg, Va., Dr. 
Nathaniel West Payne, of Amherst county, Va., whose oldest daughter by his 
first marriage, was the wife of Wm. A. S. Cabell, son of S. Cabell. Mrs. 
Payne died February 17, 1887, without issue by her second husband, who was 
the son of Col. Philip Payne and his wife, Eliza Dandridge, a descendant of 
Gov. John West, one of the founders of Virginia. Col. Philip Payne was a son 
of Col. John Payne, of Whitehall, frequently member of the house of Burgesses 
from Goochland, who died 1774. Col. John Payne was a son of George Payne, 
sheriff of Goochland, who died in 1874, and his wife, Mary Woodson, daughter 
of Robert Woodson and his wife, Elizabeth Ferris, of " Curls." 

On October 6, 1783, Wm. Cabell, Jr., was appointed surveyor of Amherst 
county, by William and Mary College, filled this office until December 1, 1788. 


Sarah Cabell Irvine, born October 17, 1S25 ; married November 25, 1846, 
by Rev. Jacob Mitchell, to Asa D. Dickinson, of Prince Edward county, Va. 
Asa D. Dickinson was born at " Inverness," Nottoway county, Va., March 31, 
1816; prepared for college by David Comfort — was graduated from Hampden- 


Sidney College, September, 1836, attended lectures at William and Mary Col- 
lege, under Judge Beverly Tucker, in law; and under President Thos. R. Dew, 
in political economy in 1837-38, located at Prince Edward Courthouse in 1838, 
to practice his profession and soon attained a position of full practice at law. 

Cornelia Rives, married first, in 1866, to Charles Harrison, son of Prof. 
Gessner Harrison, of the University of Virginia, by his wife, Eliza Tucker, 
daughter of Prof. George Tucker and his wife, Maria Ball Carter. Charles 
Harrison and his wife, Cornelia Rives, had no issue. After the death of 
Charles Harrison, his widow, Cornelia Rives, married Mr. Wilborne, and has 
one child — Elizabeth Rives. 

The first wife of George Rives was Mary Eliza, daughter of Robert Carter, 
of "Redlands," and his wife, Mary Coles, sister of Edward Coles, the first 
governor of Illinois, and a daughter of John Coles (1745- 1808), and his wife, 
Rebecca E. Tucker (1750-1826). Robert Carter, son of Edward Carter and 
Sarah Champe, his wife. Edward C. was the son of second John Carter and 
Elizabeth Hill. John Carter was the son of Robert Carter, alias King Carter, 
of Crotomon. The children of Mary Eliza Carter and George Rives were: 
Robert, who died unmarried, George Cabell and James Henry. George Rives 
married, second, at University of Virginia, March 31, 1806, Maria Farley 
Tucker, who survived him many years. Maria Farley Tucker was the daughter 
of Prof. George Tucker, born 1775, in the Bermudas; came to Virginia and 
was a member of the Virginia Legislature and of the United States House of 
Representatives from Virginia, 1818-25; professor in University of Virginia, 
1825-45, andauthor of numerous books ; died April 10, 1861. The wife of Prof. 
George Tucker was Maria Ball Carter, and was a daughter of the only daughter of 
General George Washington's only sister. Thus, Maria Farley Rives was a 
great-grandniece to George Washington, and inherited many precious memorials. 

She bore her husband four children, viz.: George Tucker, born , married 

1843, at University of Virginia; in i860 lieutenant in C. S. A.; taken prisoner 
at Roanoake Island ; exchanged ; unanimously elected captain of a company ; fell 
while gallantly leading a charge made by Wise's brigade near Petersburg, 
March 29, 1865 ; never was married. Eleanor Rives, living, has Edward Rives, 
University of Virginia, 1863-67. B. L., a lawyer, died May 22, 1877, in 
his twenty-seventh year ; unmarried. Lawrence Alexander Rives, University 
of Virginia, 1868-69; died at Little Rock, Ark., January 5, 1873, in his 
twenty-second year. 

Mary Rives married William Eaton, vestryman of old Blandford church, 
near Petersburg; removed, with other members of his family, to North Carolina, 
in 1725. where he became a very prominent man. Their son, Thomas Eaton, 
married Anna Bland, sister to Frances Bland, who married, first, John Ran- 
dolph, and became the mother of John Randolph, of Roanoake. After the death 
of Hon. Thomas Eaton his widow married Judge St. George Tucker ; issue, 
Judge Henry St. George and Nathaniel Beverly. See "The Life, Influence and 


Services of James Jones White," by Hon. John Randolph Tucker (only mention 

From the diary of the late Major Cabell, of "Union Hill," February 7, 
1856: " The interment of Joseph C. Cabell took place to-day at 12 o'clock; 
buried in his garden at Edgwood, by the side of Judge St. George Tucker and 
his wife, and Miss Parke Carter." 

Mrs. Mary W Cabell, widow of the late Joseph C. Cabell (no children) 
was the daughter of George Carter, Esq., of Lancaster, and his wife, Lelia, 
daughter of Sir Peyton Skipwith, Baronet. After the death of her first hus- 
band, Mrs. Lelia Skipwith married Judge St. George Tucker, October 8, 1791 . 
Mr. Tucker was a widower, having lost his wife, Mrs. Frances Bland Randolph, 
mother of John Randolph, of Roanoake. 

Hon. J. Proctor Knott. 

This distinguished gentleman, whose name graces the head of this sketch, 
is descended from the Irvines as follows : Abram Irvine, a descendant of the 
house of Bonshaw and resident of the north of Ireland, came to this country 
some time before the War of the Revolution — the exact date his descendants 
have been unable to learn. He settled in Virginia and there married Mary 
Dean. He removed from Virginia to Kentucky some time between the years 
1780 and 1790, and made his home in Boyle county, near Danville, Ky., 
within a few miles of Governor Shelby's residence. Abram Irvine and his 
wife, Mary Dean, had nine children. 

Abram Irvine was the son of Rev. John Irvine. Mary Irvine, daughter of 
Abram Irvine and Mary Dean, his wife, married Samuel M'Elroy. Their son, 
William E. M'Elroy, married Keturah Cleland. Their daughter, Maria Irvine 
M'Elroy, married Joseph Percy Knott. Issue: 

1. William T., who married Marian Briggs M'Elroy, and after her death 

married Mrs. Lydia M'Elroy (nee Harrison), widow of Rev. Hugh 
Sneed M'Elroy. 

2. Keturah Frances, married to Wells Rawlings (long since deceased). 

3. Samuel Cleland, married Miss Sarah Gates, of Georgia. 

4. Marian Margaret, married to Robert T. Nesbit. 

5. Edward Whitfield, married Miss Mattie C. M'Koy (M'Coy). 

6. Anne Maria, married to John Randolph Hudnell. 

7. Joanne, married to Rev. Marcellus G. Gavin, of St. Louis, Mo. 

8. James Proctor, married Sarah Rosanna M'Elroy. 

James Proctor Knott was bom August 27, 1830; married June 14, 1858. 
Elected to the Missouri legislature the following August; appointed attorney- 


general of the same state August, 1859, an d elected to that office August, 
i860. Returned to Kentucky in 1862; elected to the fortieth Congress in 
1867; forty-first, 1868; forty-fourth, 1874, and re-elected successively to the 
forty-fifth, forty-sixth and forty-seventh. Elected Governor of Kentucky 
August, 1883, and to the constitutional convention in August, 1890. 

Governor Knott, writes: " I know very little of my father's ancestry of 
that name. The records were destroyed in the burning of my grandmother's 
residence, when I was a small boy. All I know is that my grandfather, my 
great-grandfather and my great-great-grandfather were all only sons, and all of 
them, except my grandfather, were ministers of the Church of England ; that 
they were of Danish extraction, and lived in Northumberland, England, — I 
mean their forebears, down to the immigration of my grandfather's grandfather, 
who was a curate on that estate (in Northumberland) ; and that I know by 
tradition only. There is a tradition, also, that the last-named, married a 
daughter of Earl Percy and in that way the name Percy, which was borne by 
my father, my grandfather and my great grandfather came into the family, 
but I never thought it worth while to ascertain. 

"I was once assured by a painstaking antiquary that he had traced my 
father's side of the house to Richard de Percy in a direct line, one of the grim 
old barons appointed at Runnymede to see that John Lackland should observe 
the Great Charta of English liberty there extorted from him, and that my coat of 
arms is: Or a lion rampant, az. I am a Scotch-Irishman, however, and with 
many of the traits of that race, I have inherited the sentiment ' that blood 
is thicker than water,' and, whether pleb. or patrician, I am always glad to 
recognize my kinsfolk." 

In appearance, Governor Knott is of a very uncommon type of manhood. 
He is a little above medium height, is strongly and compactly built. At the 
first glance one is impressed by strength — mental and physical. He is not one 
with whom a stranger would attempt to converse uninvited, and yet those who 
know him well say that he is the kindest and most gentle of men to women 
and children, and is charitable almost to a fault. As proof of his mental 
capacity I subjoin his speech — known all over the world as ' ' The Duluth 
Speech." It has been published again and again in this country, and has been 
translated into many languages. The school boys, by thousands, have recited 
it and murdered its inimitable humor and fadeless and matchless fancies ever 
since it first came before the public in 187 1. It is needless to say, to one who 
reads it, that it will glow in the praises of men forever. 


Col. R. T. Irvine, 

Residing at Big Stone Gap, Virginia, writes: 

I have a very interesting letter from Dr. Hervy McDowell, of Cynthiana, 
Ky. , dated May 7, 1893, in which, among other things, he says " that the name 
Irvine is a very old surname in Scotland and was originally Erevine and derived 
from the Celtic erin-vine or fein, erin meaning west, and vine or fein a 
strong or resolute man, and they immigrated to the east of Ireland, and west 
of Scotland with the Gauls of Spain ; and that our immediate family moved to 
the north of Ireland during the reign of Cromwell." — History of Scotland. 
On May 9, 1729, some of the Irvines, McDowells, McElroys, Campbells and 
others sailed from Londonderry and landed the same year in Pennsylvania, 
where they remained until 1737, when they moved to Rockbridge count)-, Vir- 
ginia, and were the first settlers on Burden's grant. 

One of the immigrants in that party was John (or James?) Irvine, a Presby- 
terian preacher. Dr. McDowell says that his children were probably all born 
in this country and consisted of one son, Abram, and four daughters, and prob- 
ably other sons, but of this he is not certain. This is all the information bear- 
ing directly on the Irvines that I get from Dr. McDowell's letter. The re- 
mainder of it is devoted chiefly to the various marriages between the Irvines 
and McDowells. 

I will now take up as you suggest and give the names of the descendants 
of Abram Irvine, the son of Rev. John (or James?) Irvine, the immigrant. But 
first, I would state that of the four sisters of this Abram Irvine, three married 
McElroys, and from them sprang the numerous families of that name in Marion 
and Washington counties and in that part of the state, including the mother of 
ex-Governor Knott. The fourth sister never married. Abram Irvine was 
born in Scotland, May, 1725. He married Mary Dean, who was born in Ire- 
land, February 22, 1733. Both had immigrated with their parents to Rock- 
bridge county, Va. 

(Note. — Another account I have says that Abram Irvine was born in 
Rockbridge county, Va., in 1731 ; and died June 1, 1814, and that Mary Dean 
was born in Rockbridge county, Va., January 1, 1733, and died in 1801. I 
think the account I have adopted above is correct as to the times and places of 
their births. Certainly neither of them was born in Virginia, as the McDowells 
and Irvines did not go from western Pennsylvania to "Burden's grant" in 
Rockbridge county, Va., until 1737.) 

The maiden name of Mary Dean's mother was Jane McAllister, who was 
one of the heroic women who aided in the successful defense of Londonderry 
in the great siege by James II, in 1690. At the close of the War of the Revolu- 
tion, Abram Irvine removed with his family from Rockbridge county, Va., to 
Kentucky, and settled in what afterwards became first the county of Mercer, 


and subsequently and now the county of Boyle, on the waters of Salt river, 
about five miles southwest of the present town of Danville. A few miles to 
the east, Isaac Shelby, who afterwards became the first governor of Kentucky, 
settled, and the places of Abram Irvine and Shelby are both noted on the first 
map of Kentucky, made, I think, in 1786, by John Filson. 

Abram Irvine and Mary Dean had eleven children, nine of whom married 

and reared families of children. These children and their descendants are as 

follows : 

I. JOHN IRVINE, born February 25, 1755 ; married Prudence Armstrong, 

of Mercer county, Kentucky. He was one of the magistrates who held 

the first county court in Mercer county while it was still a part of Virginia. 

This was in August, 1786, and associated with him were Samuel McDowell 

and Gabriel Madison. The children of John and Prudence Armstrong 

Irvine were : 

1. Samuel, who married, first, Cassy Briscoe, and by her had three 

children : (a) Rev. John, who married Matilda Smith ; (b) Jere- 
miah Briscoe, and (c) William, who married Eliza Mann ; and, 
second, Elizabeth Adams, by whom he had two children, Mary, 
who married James Forsythe, and David. 

2. Mary, who married Dr. James McElroy, and by him had three 

children : (a) Alice, who married a Norton in Marion county, Mo., 

(b) Dr Irvine, who married, also, in Marion county, Mo., and 

(c) Milton, who never married. They all lived in Missouri. 

3. Margaret, who married Dr. David Clarke, who, with their family, 

also lived in Missouri, chiefly in Marion county. Their children 
were : (a) Robert, who died unmarried ; (b) Margaret, who mar- 
ried a Dr. Gore, and (c) Josephine, who married a Hatcher. 

4. Sarah, who married Horace Clelland, of Lebanon. Their children 

were: (a) Elizabeth, who married a Dr. Walker; (b) John, who 
died unmarried, and (c) Rev. Thomas H., who was married three 
times, his third wife was Sally Ray. 

5. Abram, who married Amelia Templeton. Their children were: 

(a) Leonidas, who married Bell Burton ; (b) Lucy, who married 
Rev. Robert Caldwell; (c) Ellen P., who married Joseph Mc- 
Dowell, a grandson of Col. Joseph McDowell and Sarah Irvine, 
daughter of Abram and Mary Dean Irvine; (d) Joseph W., who 
married, first, Mariah Brumfield, and second, Mary Davis, of 
Bloomfield, Ky.; (c) Margaret C, who married Anthony McElroy, 
of Springfield; (_/) Gabriel C. , who was married three times, his 
first wife being Elizabeth Gregory, and his second being her 
sister; his third wife was a Miss Hughes; (g) Abram P., who 
married Elizabeth Fleece. 

6. Priscilla, who married Dr. M. S. Shuck, of Lebanon. Their 


children were ; (a) Mary, who married Charles R. McKlroy, of 
Springfield; (b) John Irvine, who married Mary Young, and 
(c) Solomon S. 
7. Robert. I do not know the names of his wife and children. 
II. HANS, born April 25, 1758. He was never married. 

III. MARY, married, first, William Adair, by whom she had two children : ( 1) 
Alexander, who married Elizabeth Monroe, by whom he had six children ; 
(a) Anna, who married Dr. Lewis of Greensburg, Ky.; (b) Mary, who 
married Thomas Wagner, of Greensburg; (c) Kate, who married Gen. E. 
H. Hobson, of Greensburg; (d) Monroe; (e) John, and (/) William. 
Her second husband was Dr. Issachar Paulding, by whom she had no 

IV. MARGARET, born April 25, 1762; married, first, Samuel Lapsley, and 
second, Rev. John Lyle, the first Presbyterian preacher in Kentucky, by 
whom she had the following children: 

1. Sarah, whose first husband was Rev. Joseph B. Lapsley, by whom 

she had two children, (a) Samuel, who married Mary Jane 
Pronaugh, and resided at Lincoln, Mo., and (b) Margaret, who 
married John Taylor, of Missouri. Her second husband was a 
Witherspoon, of Missouri. I do not know their children. This 
family all lived in Missouri. 

2. John R., who married his cousin, Sarah Irvine, daughter of Robert 

and Judith Glover Irvine. Their children were : (a) William J., 
who married his cousin, Ellen Lyle, of Paris ; (b) Robert B., who 
married Mary McElroy, of Lebanon ; and (c) Edwin, who died 
unmarried after reaching maturity. There were other children 
but they died early. 

3. Abram Irvine, who married Frances Hunly, by whom he had two 

children: (a) John Andrew, who married Belle Russell ; (b) Joel 
Irvine, who married, first, Erama Railey ; and second, Cornelia 
V. ANNE, born November 28, 1763, who married her cousin, Samuel 
McDowell, born March 8, 1764, who was a youthful soldier of the Revolu- 
tionary War. They had the following children : 

1. Mary, who married William Starling. Their children were : (a) 

General Lyne, of the Union army, who married Marie Antoinette 
Hensley; {b) Colonel Samuel, also of the Union army, who 
married Elizabeth Lewis ; and (<r) Col. Edmund Alexander, also 
of the Union army, who married Anna L. McCarroll, of Hop- 

2. John Adair, who married Lucy Todd Starling, and removed to 

Columbus, Ohio, where he afterwards became a judge, but died 
at thirty-four years of age. Their children were: (a) Anna 


Irvine, who married Judge John Winston Price, of Hillsboro, 
Ohio ; (b) Starling, who died young ; (c) Jane, who married John 
A. Smith, of Hillsboro; and (d) William, who never married. 

3. Abram Irvine, who married Eliza Selden Lord. He resided at 

Columbus, and was clerk of the Supreme Court of Ohio for many 
years. Their children were : {a) Gen. Irvine McDowell, who 
commanded the United States army at Bull Run. He married a 
Miss Burden, of Troy, N. Y. ; (b) Anna, who married a Massey, 
formerly of Virginia, but afterwards of Memphis, Tenn. ; (c) John, 
who was a colonel in the Union army ; (d) Eloise, who married a 
Colonel Bridgeman, of the United States army; and (e) Malcolm, 
who married Jane Gordon, and resided in Cincinnati. 

4. Wm. Adair, who married Mariah Hawkins Harvey, of Virginia. 

He was a physician and resided in Louisville. Their children 
were: (a) Sarah Shelby, who married Judge Bland Ballard, of 
Louisville; (b) Henry Clay, who married Annette Clay, grand- 
daughter of Henry Clay, and daughter of Lieut-Col. Henry 
Clay, who was killed at Buena Vista. They reside at "Ash- 
land," the old Clay homestead, near Lexington; (c) Anna; (d) 
Magdalen; (e) William Preston, who married Katherine Wright, 
and resides in Louisville, and (/) Edward Irvine, who was a 
soldier in the Union army and was killed at Resaca. He was 
never married. 

5. Joseph, who married Anne Bush, and settled in Alabama. Their 

children were: (a) Mary, who married Judge Clarke, of Missis- 
sippi; and (b) Elizabeth, who married Dr. Welch, and settled in 
Galveston, Texas. 

6. Sarah, who married Jeremiah Minter, of Columbus. Their chil- 

dren were : (a) Ann, who married Alonzo Slayback, of Missouri ; 
(b) McDowell, who never married; (c) Magdaline, who married a 
Kidd, of Illinois ; (d) Mariah, who married a Colorado man, 
whose name I do not know; (e) Bertrude, who died in the Union 
army during the war, unmarried; (/) Ellen; and (g) Susan. I 
do not know whom they married. Nearly all of this family and 
their descendants live in Missouri. 

7. Reed. 

8. Alexander, who married, first, Priscilla McAfee, daughter of Gen. 

Robert McAfee, who had removed from Mercer county to 
Missouri. She, with her only child, perished in the burning of 
a steamboat on the Mississippi river. His second wife was Anna 
Haupt, of Mississippi. Their children were : (a) Louise Irvine, 
who married her cousin, Dr. Hervy McDowell, of Cynthiana ; 
and lb) Anna, who never married. 


VI. ABRAM, born August 8, 1766; married, first, Sally Henry, a relative of 
Patrick Henry, and second, Margaret McAfee. By his first wife he had 
only one child, Jane, who married Lee M. Speak. Their children were : 
(a) Frank, who married Mary Hunter; (6) Magdalen, who married James 
McKee, and removed to Texas; (c) Sarah, who married Rev. J. L. McKee, 
D. D., vice-president of Centre College; (d) Jane, who married Dr. 
William Mourning, of Springfield; (e) Julia, who married Castello Barfield, 
of Tennessee; {/) Ermine, who married John Mitchell, of Missouri, and 
(g) Irvine, who died unmarried. The children of Abram Irvine and 
Margaret McAfee were : 

1. James H., who married Elizabeth Williamson. Their children 

were : (a) John Williamson, who married Anna Simpson, of 
Indiana; he resides in Missouri; (b) Anna Bella, who never mar- 
ried ; (c) Elizabeth, who never married, and (d) Cornelia Critten- 
den, who married her cousin, Joseph McDowell Wallace, and 
resides at Danville. 

2. Abram Lyle, who married Sarah Hughes. Their only child was 

Letitia Reed, who married Capt. A. M. Burbank. They reside 
in Atlanta. 

3. Issachar Paulding, who married Margaret Muldrough. Their only 

children, Hugh and Letitte, died unmarried. 

4. Elizabeth, who married Ansclm D. Meyer. Their children were : 

(a) Ardis Rebecca, who married Thomas R. Browne, of Wash- 
ington county; (b) Margaret C, who married Stephen E. Browne, 
and removed to Missouri ; (c) James, who died unmarried ; (d) 
John Miller, who married Fanny English; (e) Edward Hopkins, 
who married Alice Mann, of Mercer, and (_/") Mary Irvine, who 
never married. 

5. Mary Paulding, who married her cousin, Abram Dean Irvine, son 

of Robert Irvine and Judith Glover. Their children were: (a) 
Abram Walter, who married Sophia Tate, of Taylor county 
(these were my parents); (b) Elizabeth M., who married Rev. L. 
H. Blanton, D. D., chancellor of Central University; (c) Robert 
Lyle, who married Anna Seymour, of Chillicothe, Ohio, to which 
place he removed; (d) Mary Paulding, who was never married, 
and (e) Rev. William, who married Elizabeth Lacy Hoge, of 
Richmond, Va. There were several other children who died 
young and unmarried ; their names were : Margaret Sarah, Judith 
Glover, John, and Sally Lyle. 

VII. ROBERT, born 1768, married Judith Glover. Their children were: 

1. John Glover, who married Emiline Drake. Their children were: 
(a) William Drake, who married Gorilla Parker, of Fayette 
county, and (b) Emeline, who died unmarried. 


2. Abram Dean, who married his cousin, Mary Paulding Irvine, whose 

children I have enumerated above. 

3. Robert, who married Ann Armstrong. Their children were: (a) 

Robert Andrew, who married Mattie Logan, of Shelby county, 
(b) Judith Emma, who married Rev. William Cooper. 

4. Mary, who married, first, Walter Prather. Their children were : 

(a) Martha, who married, first^a Caps, and second, a Cunning- 
ham: (b) Mary, who married, first, Nineon Prather; second, 
Thomas Rickets, and third, Samuel Varble ; (c) William, who 
married Susan Blackwell ; (d) Robert, who married Martha 
Johnson ; (<?) Walter, who married Mary Prather ; (/) Irvine, 
who married Sarah Peyton; and (g) Sarah, who married Benja- 
min Baker. The second husband of Mary Irvine was a Shrock, 
by whom she had one child, Edward, who married Laura Taylor. 

5. Judith, who married a Brink. They had no children. 

6. Celia, who married William Davenport. They had only one child, 

Judith, who married, first, George St. Clair, and second, John 

7. Sarah, who married her cousin, John R. Lyle, whose children I 

have already given. 
VIII. NANCY, born July 5, 1770, married Francis McMordie. Their children 
were : 

1. Abram Irvine, who married, first, Jane Armstrong, and by her had 

one child, Francis, who died, a Confederate soldier, during the war, 
and unmarried ; second, Jane Hurt, by whom he had the follow- 
ing children : (a) Nancy, who married Samuel Lackey and 
removed to Texas; (b) Mary, who died without issue ; (c) Mag- 
dalen, who married Elijah Vanarsdale, of Mercer; (d) Abram 
Irvine, who married Nancy Harris, of Mercer. 

2. Mary, who married William Cowan. Their children were : (a) 

John, who never married, he died in Cuba; (b) Nancy, who 
married Rev. John Bogle; (c) Sarah, who married William 
Harrison; (d) Robert, who was a Confederate officer, and was 
killed in the battle of Green River Bridge, unmarried ; (e) Jane, 
who married Rev. Geo. O. Barnes; (/) Dr. Francis, who died 
in the City of Mexico, unmarried ; (g) James, a Confederate soldier ; 
and (A) Abram Irvine. The last two went to Colorado, I do not 
know about their descendants. 

3. Margaret, married, I think, James Crawford, of South Carolina. I 

do not know about their children, if any. Nancy Irvine and 
Francis McMurdie had three other children — Robert, Jane and 
Hans, but I think they all died unmarried and without issue. 


IX. ELIZABETH, born March 20, 1772; married George Caldwell. Their 
children were : 

1. Abram Irvine, who married his cousin, Anne McDowell. Their 

children were: (a) Belle, who died unmarried; (b) William, 
who married Callie Adams ; (c) Elizabeth, who married Preston 
Talbott ; (d) Anne, who married John Yeiser ; (e) Irvine, who 
died unmarried ; (/) Caleb, who married Lou Woolfork ; and (g) 
Cowan, who married John C. Crawford, of Texas. 

2. Isabella, who married Benjamin Perkins. Their children were : 

(a) Mary, who married Nicholas Bowman ; and (b) George, who 
never married. 

3. Dr. John, who married Jane Fox. Their children were: (a) 

Mary, who married Cyrus Richardson ; (b) Amanda ; (c) Belle, 
neither of whom was ever married; and (d) Sophia, who married 
Dr. Parker, of Somerset, Ky. There were three other children of 
Elizabeth Irvine and George Caldwell, George, Mary and Eliza, 
but I think none of them married, or left descendants. 

X. SARAH, born November 21, 1774; married her cousin, Col. Joseph 

McDowell, a brother of Judge Samuel McDowell, who married Anna 
Irvine, the elder sister of Sarah. Their children were : 

1. Samuel, who married, first, Mariah Ball; they had only one child, 

Mary, who married Dr. J. M. Meyer. His second wife was 
Martha Hawkins, and their children were: (a) Joseph, who mar- 
ried his cousin, Ellen Irvine, whom I have mentioned before ; (b) 
Charles; (c) Nicholas, who married Elizabeth McElroy, of Spring- 
field ; (d) Samuel, who married Mattie McElroy, sister of Eliza- 
beth ; (c) William, who died unmarried. 

2. Anne, who married her cousin, Abram I. Caldwell, and whose 

children have already been given. 

3. Sarah, who married Michael Sullivant, of Columbus, Ohio, after- 

wards Illinois. Their children were : (a) Anna, who married 
E. L. Davidson, of Springfield, Ky.; (b) Sallie ; (c) Joseph 
McDowell, of Illinois; (d) Lou, who married William Hopkins, 
of Henderson, Ky. 

4. Margaret, who married Joseph Sullivant, brother of Michael ; their 

only child was Margaret Irvine, who married Gen. Henry B. Car- 
rington, of the United States army. 

5. Lucy, who died unmarried. 

6. Charles, who died unmarried. 

7. Caleb, who died unmarried. 

8. Magdalen, who married Caleb Wallace, of Danville. She survives 

him, with two sons, (a) Joseph McDowell, who married his cousin, 
Cornelia C. Irvine, before mentioned, and (b) Woodford. 


XI. WILLIAM DEAN, born August 1 775 (?) ; never married. He was an 
officer in the War of i Si 2, and subsequently died at Natchez, Miss. 
In this I have attempted merely to give you a list of the descendants of 
Abram Irvine and Mary Dean to the third generation. It is a mere skele- 
ton. To fill in, to give life and flesh, dates of birth and death, collateral mar- 
riage connections, the occupations, the achievements and leading characteristics 
of all who are worthy of special mention would require a volume. It is a 
noble line — pure Scotch-Irish, the blood that has done more than any other to 
turn the American wilderness into the strongest and most enlightened nation 
the world has yet known. We shall search history in vain, I think, for a 
family that combines in a higher degree love of God, of kindred and country, 
with the highest personal integrity, dauntless will, energy of purpose, and a 
burning devotion to liberty in all its forms, that could have been nourished 
nowhere else than among the intrepid clans that followed Wallace and Bruce 
to battle. 

My chief objection to our great composite national life is that the mem- 
bers of our best families are too prone to become absorbed in the general 
hurlyburly, and to forget their past. This is to lose the greatest of all stimu- 
lants to lofty purpose and unceasing exertion. The noble work you are doing 
will do much, very much, to recall us of the present, and the generations yet 
unborn, to realize the debt we owe to heredity, and to incite us to new 
resolves to meet that responsibility. 

Elizabeth Irvine. 

Since this story was told me an immeasurable desert of buried years, 
haunted by the ghosts of departed hopes, stretches between me and the dis- 
tant time I listened to it, and I can hardly realize that I and the child who wept 
over the fate of fair Elizabeth Irvine are one and the same person. 

The name of Elizabeth Irvine's father — other than Irvine — I know not, 
but this I heard : that he was a Scotch-Irishman, of a noble family, and that 
he came to this country and married a beautiful French woman, who could not 
speak English well, and who brought great wealth to her husband on her mar- 
riage day. 

Elizabeth Irvine was born in the South. Why I have always thought that 
she was born near New Orleans I do not know, but such an impression has been 
borne in on my mind ever since I heard her story, now more years ago than I 
care to count. 

Elizabeth inherited her mother's beauty and her father's intellect, which was 
said to have been considerable ; and to these rare possessions had been added, 
by the time Elizabeth had reached her eighteenth birthday, a good education. 


She had been graduated in some large city in the East, but, if I ever heard the 
name of it, it does not dwell in my memory. 

In the town — or city, as I think it was — where Elizabeth Irvine was born 
there lived a certain wealthy and distinguished judge, whom I shall call Judge 
S. , for fear, if I should be more particular, I might offend some one now living 
who might be nearly related to him. His direct descendant he could not be, 
for, although the judge married, he drew a blank in the infant lottery, and no 
child ever called him father. 

Judge S. was forty years old the first time he and Elizabeth met, after her 
return from school ; but he was not bald or gray and was eminently handsome 
and attractive. Judge S. had been the schoolmate and friend of Mr. Irvine, 
although Mr. Irvine was a few years his senior. He was often invited to Mr. 
Irvine's house, and often took the liberty of a life-long friend to call when 
he was not invited. In this way he saw a great deal of Elizabeth, and no 
one was surprised when he asked her to be his wife — not even Elizabeth, 
although she promptly, but kindly, refused to marry him. She took the sting 
from her refusal by saying that she intended to see the world before she 
entered into so solemn and responsible a compact as marriage, and that the 
judge must give her time to look about her. The judge did not feel hopeless 
about finally winning Elizabeth, because there was no rival in view, even if 
Elizabeth did have a vast deal of attention from the young men of her 

But there was a rival coming from an obscure corner of a distant State, and 
one whom the judge, if he had only known, might have dreaded through his 
whole life. 

One morning, as the judge sat in the morning room of his stately mansion, 
there came a ring at the door-bell, and a young man just from a long journey 
stood before him. At the first glance the judge, who was well versed in human 
nature, knew that the youth before him was no ordinary character; for, 
beside being handsome, his bearing was that of an educated gentleman ; and 
the judge arose, gave his name and offered the young man a chair. The young 
man gave his own name, thanked the judge, and seated himself. I shall call 
this young man James Allen, although that was not his name, nor anything 
like it, but it will serve my purpose in this story as well as another name and 
much better than the one he afterwards made famous, and which he had 
legally inherited from his father. 

Judge S. took this young man to board in his house and gave him the use 
of his law books and his office, and in a year after Mr. Allen's first appearance 
in Judge S. 's presence he was admitted to the bar and had won golden opinions 
from many of the older lawyers, and had stolen the heart of Elizabeth Irvine, 
who, it seemed, had had time to take a look about her and to see the world, 
for she was willing to enter into the solemn and responsible compact of marriage 
with Mr. Allen, if he would wait a year before it should be solemnized by law 



and the church. Elizabeth's mother was a Catholic of the Roman persuasion, 
and her father was a Presbyterian, but neither of them was of the strictest sect, 
for they never had discussions on their different faiths, but went their several 
ways in quietness and peace, and often went to the Presbyterian church together; 
and as often sat side by side while the old priest held forth, before the altar, of 
the only way to Heaven. Thus Elizabeth, hearing much doctrinal truth, and 
having as much love for and faith in one parent as she had in the other, sought 
out a way to save her own soul, as also a means in so doing of offending neither 
parent, and she became an Episcopalian. She had been baptized when she was 
a few weeks old, so it only remained that she be confirmed in the church of her 
choice. Her father and mother both attended her at her confirmation, and 
afterward they went with their only and beloved child to her church, and she 
went to theirs; and still there were no religious disputes, nor were any fears 
expressed that any member of that family of three souls was in danger of — 
shall I say hell- fire? Preachers used to rip out that expression in my youth, and 
although I shuddered at it, it made me afraid to do wrong, so I shall let it stand. 
Mr. Allen besought Elizabeth more than once to shorten his probation and 
name an earlier day for their wedding, but she held firmly to the first arrange- 
ment, and Mr. Allen was forced to wait for the blessings in store for him and 
the time when he should call Elizabeth his wife and be enabled to bask, from 
day to day, in the light of her gracious presence. 

Those two, Elizabeth and James Allen, were betrothed one June evening, 
in what year I am sorry I can not tell, and Mr. Allen said, as he placed the ring 
on Elizabeth's finger, "This day one year I shall replace this ring with another, 
and then you will be mine, Elizabeth, through time and eternity." 

How much sorrow and misfortune can gather and fall in twelve months ! 
Six months after this date Elizabeth's mother sickened and died, and before the 
year was out her father slept beside her. At his death it was learned that 
security debts would sweep away his whole estate. Elizabeth was left not only 
alone, but almost penniless. 

She begged Mr. Allen to postpone their marriage; and he, in his sorrow 
for his beloved, did so, and Elizabeth went East to the school in which she had 
been educated, and remained there until within a few weeks of the time 
appointed for her marriage to take place. An old friend, who had loved her 
father and mother and who had loved Elizabeth from her infancy, had written 
Elizabeth to beg that she should be married from her house. 

This friend lived in sight of Mr. Irvine's old home, now in the posses- 
sion of strangers, and when Elizabeth came to stay with her, to wait for the 
appointed time that was to make her and Mr. Allen one, she thought that the 
change she saw in Elizabeth was due to grief and sorrow at beholding the 
pleasant home that was hers no longer. 

When Judge S. called to see Elizabeth he could not understand the manner 
of the woman he still loved, but he made no comments, and the day came on 


for which .Mr. Allen had waited so impatiently, and he and Elizabeth stood 
before the altar to be made man and wife. 

Judge S. was to give the bride away. Just as the clergyman had opened 
his lips to begin the service Elizabeth fainted, or, they said, pretended to faint, 
and a second time the wedding was postponed, this time indefinitely. 

Mr. Allen had an interview with Elizabeth on the evening of the day on 
which he had hoped to have claimed her for his own. What passed between 
them was never known, but it must have had a stormy termination, for he left 
town that night. When Elizabeth arose from her bed of illness her friends 
noticed that she no longer wore her engagement ring, but on this subject she 
was silent as the grave, and none dared question her. 

Months went by — six of them — and still Mr. Allen did not return. Judge 
S. again renewed his attentions to Elizabeth, and with greater success than 
formerly, for she not only agreed to marry him, but appointed an early day for 
their nuptials. 

Just before her wedding da)- Mr. Allen returned. He was present and 
heard her promise, in a clear, distinct voice, to honor and obey Judge S., but 
he and others noticed that, if she promised to love him, she must have done so 
in an undertone, for she could not be heard. 

Judge S. entered into partnership with Mr. Allen, and the latter boarded 
with the judge as he had done before the marriage, but Mrs. Grundy noticed that 
he never went to his meals nor near Judge S.'s house in the judge's absence. 
Another thing Mrs. Grundy took note of: Elizabeth was growing thin and pale. 
She was always most gentle and considerate in her manner to Judge S., and 
acted as if she had done him a great wrong and wished, in some way, to make 
atonement for it. 

She had not been married very long, when her husband was elected to 
Congress. As he was elected some time during President Jackson's administra- 
tion, I come to the only date I have yet been able to furnish. He removed to 
Washington, with his wife, some time between the years 1829 and 1S37. 

Elizabeth seemed to regain her wonted appearance and spirits in the 
Capital, which was said to have been very gay at that time. 

Elizabeth was very much admired and was entertained by, and she and her 
husband entertained, all the dignitaries who were assembled at Washington 
from this country and abroad. There never was a whisper against Elizabeth's 
fair fame, although Andrew Jackson was President of the United States, 
and held his court to please himself, and made and unmade his cabinet without 
regard to the murmurs and complaints that came from all over the country. 

I never heard that Judge S.'s wife did or did not meet Andrew Jackson, 
but this I have heard, which I shall never forget, Elizabeth became a con- 
summate politician and wrote learned articles on the vexed issues of the day and 
made herself famous by being the author of the "Jackson Letters," so-called 
because they were written during General Jackson's administration. 


Although magazines and newspapers arc the evangels of civilization and 
progress, nothing is so evanescent as the fame of those who write for them. 
"The Jackson Letters" are lost. I may be the only one now living who 
ever heard of them and the only soul on earth who knows the story of fair 
Elizabeth Irvine. 

She died in Wahington, D. C, and her broken-hearted husband took her 
body to the place of her nativity : 

" Among familiar scenes to rest, 
And in the places of her youth." 

On her death-bed she said to one, who told me her story, "If the wages 
of sin is death,' the wages of ambition are ashes and dust. 

"Bury me in my wedding gown. I have kept it for that purpose, but I did 
not think to need it so soon. Comfort my husband when I am gone. I have 
tried to be faithful to him, but when I am in the grave none will ever know 
how sad a heart death has stilled." 

One must have suspected, for, at nightfall on the day Elizabeth was laid to 
rest by her mother and father, a man who lived near the graveyard saw James 
Allen climb the crumbling stone wall that enclosed the churchyard and make 
his way to Elizabeth's grave, and he saw him leave it the next morning before 

Mr. Allen lived to the verge of extreme old age, but he never married. 
His name is well known to American people for he became famous. 

Thus endeth a lesson that will not teach. 


Along the far horizon's verge the smoldering sundown burns ; 
The sky, above its dying light, to opal softness turns. 
Now, ghostly, by each vale and stream the mists and shadows creep, 
While, in the faded autumn trees, birds hush their young to sleep, 
And whispering winds, from other lands, pass softly on their way, 
As twilight weaves a purple shroud for the departed day ; 
While on the hilltop's line of light, etched on the fading sky. 
The gentle kine are standing, mute, to watch the daylight die. 

How many years before I lived the sun shone down yon vale, 
And on this path, where lovers walked, to tell that endless tale! 
Then other birds, in other trees, sang out their tuneful lay, 
And other hearts, as sad as mine, beat out their little day. 
Here, loug ago, some gentle maid has watched the evening star 
Lead all the hosts of heaven to light the deeps of night afar ; 
Then turned to watch the harvest moon climb o'er the eastern bill. 
While the twin phantoms, Love and Hope, her heart with rapture fill. 
Alas ! why did she come to earth, so short a time to stay, 
And where now is her gentle soul among the stars to-day? 


I call to where the millions sleep, within their moldy beds, 
And where, beneath a starless sky, eternal darkness spreads. 
The sages turn within the dust, and murmur in their sleep: 
"The keys of life and death are hid in mystery's dungeon deep. 
Man lives and loves, he toils and weeps, then lies so cold and still, 
Forgetting, in his narrow bed, how once his heart could thrill ; 
And he who followed duty's path, and he who won renown, 
Have somewhere in the narrow vale laid all their burdens down ; 
And she who drained dark sorrow's grail is calm and peaceful now, 
Since death's impartial touch has smoothed care's lines from cheek and brow. 
The wherefore is forever hid till suns shall cease to set — 
Then murmur not that life should mean to love aud to forget! " 
Cyuthiaua, Ky., September 29, 1S97. — L. J.'ovc/. 

ISAIAH TUCKER IRVIN, married, 1840, Miss Elizabeth Joyner, daughter 
of William Hewlett Joyner, of Beaufort county, South Carolina. Their 
children are five sons and three daughters, viz.: 

1. Sarah Joyner, married, 1863, James Hillhouse Alexander, son of 

Adam L. Alexander, who was a prominent and honored citizen 
of Washington, Ga., and who reared a family of ten children, 
widely known and respected throughout Georgia. Their children 
are two sons and one daughter, viz.: (a) Irvin, attorney at law, 
Atlanta, Ga., unmarried ; (/;) Hugh H., married, 1891, Miss Mary- 
Burton, daughter of Thos. J. Burton, a large planter, of Burke 
count)', Georgia. They have one daughter, Louisa Porter, born 
1893 ; (c) Elizabeth, married, 1894, Mr. Llewellyn G. Doughty, son 
of Dr. Win. H. Doughty, a distinguished physician of Augusta, 
Ga. They have one daughter, Jean Irvine, born 1896. 

2. William Howlett, married, 1867, Miss Hattie Callaway, daughter 

of Wm. R. Callaway, of Wilkes county, Georgia, and grand- 
daughter of the celebrated pioneer Baptist preacher of Middle 
Georgia, Enoch Callaway. The)' have ten living children, five 
sons and five daughters : (a) Claude, unmarried, went to the West 
about 1890; (b) William Howlett, Jr., married in 1894, and has 
two children ; (<r) Elizabeth J., married, 1896, William Martin, a 
farmer of Oglethorpe county, Georgia ; (d) Sarah Alexander ; 
(1?) Charles Edgar; (/) Annie May; (g) Isaiah Tucker; 
(//) Everett; (J) Willie Rosa; (k) Hattie. 

3. Charles Edgar, married Miss Mary Fortson, daughter of Benjamin 

W. Fortson, a prominent citizen of Wilkes county, Ga. Their 
children are: (a) Isaiah Tucker; {b) Reba ; (c) Alexander; 
(<•/) Mary; (e) Emma. 

4. Jean Isabella, married Major Norman W. Smith, of Augusta, Ga., 

a well-known business man, and a prominent officer in the 


Quartermaster's Department of the Confederate Army. They 
have no children. 

5. Benjamin Screven, married, first, Miss Sallie Hill, of the large and 

distinguished family of that name in Wilkes county, Georgia, by 
whom he has one son, Paul ; and, secondly, Miss Brownie Brewer, 
of a prominent and cultured family, of Hayneville, Ala., by whom 
he has one infant daughter, Mildred. 

6. Isaiah Tucker, married (1S74), Miss Elizabeth Willis, daughter of 

James H. Willis, a distinguished, public-spirited citizen of Wilkes 
county, Georgia. Their children are four, viz. : [a) Sarah 
Elizabeth; {&) Leila; (c) Benjamin S. ; (d) Willis. 

7. Barnett, married (1892), Miss Ruth Foreman, daughter of Rufus 

L. Foreman, merchant and farmer, of Washington, Wilkes 
county, Georgia. 

8. Mary Bowdie, married George Twiggs Bryan, son of Gen. Goode 

Bryan, who was distinguished in the Flordia War, and a Brigadier- 
General in the Confederate Army. She died in 1892, leaving one 
daughter, Anna Twiggs Bryan. 

Mr. Isaiah T. Irvin, the father of this family of eight children was promi- 
nent as a lawyer and an official, being Speaker of the Georgia House of Repre- 
sentatives at the period of his untimely death. He lost his life in a steamboat 
explosion, in i860, while traveling in Texas, on the Buffalo Bayou, near 
Houston. His wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Joyner Irvin, died in Augusta, Georgia, 
in 1 891, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Alexander. 

One of the finest military companies that entered the Confederate service 
from Georgia was the Irvin Guard, organized by Isaiah T. Irvin, in i860, of 
which he had been commissioned captain just prior to his death. His son, 
Charles E. Irvin, aged then about sixteen, entered the service in this company, 
as a private, and before the close of the war had become its captain, serving 
with marked efficiency and gallantry throughout the Confederate War. All the 
males of the family and connections over fifteen years of age served with the 
Confederate Army. 

My grandfather (James Callaway's grandfather), Christopher Irvine, en- 
listed in the Fifth Virginia Regiment February 15, 1776. He married Louisa 
Tucker, by whom he had two sons, Charles and Isaiah Tucker. He moved to 
Georgia when these boys were small (I do not know what year); settled in 
Wilkes county, and married a second time. By his second wife he had two 
children — one son, Judge David Irvine, of Marietta, Ga., and one daughter, 
Lucinda, dead. 

My father, Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married Isabelle 
Barkston and settled in Wilkes county, Georgia. They lived together in the 
same place fifty-three years. Father died at the age of seventy-three, mother 
ninety-one. He succeeded well, had a large plantation, country store, black- 


smith shop and public gin. Carried his cotton to Augusta, Ga., the nearest 
market, ioo miles away, on wagons. They had eight children — two sons, Charles 
and Isaiah Tucker, and six daughters, Louisa, Nancy, Lucinda, Prudence, Mary, 
and Martha. All were Christian people and joined the Baptist church, except 
Isaiah Tucker, who joined the Methodist; were baptized at Sardis, by Enoch 
Callaway and Jesse Mercer. 

Charles Irvine, son of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married 
Harriet Battle, and had two children, Charles B. Irvine, of Atlanta, Ga., and 
Mary Bell (Mrs. M. B. Wharton, of Norfolk, Va.) 

Isaiah Tucker, son of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married 
Elizabeth Joyner, and had eight children — five sons, Howlett, Charles, Benjamin, 
Isaiah Tucker, Barnett, and three daughters, Sallie (Mrs. James H. Alexander, 
of Augusta, Ga.), Janie (Mrs. Norman W. Smith, of Augusta, Ga. ), Mamie 
(Mrs. Geo. T. Bryan, dead). 

Louisa, daughter of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married, first, 
Lewis Davis, and had six children ; second, Baylis Crosby, and had five children. 

Nancy, daughter of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married 
Thomas Favor, and had seven children. 

Prudence, daughter of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married, 
first, John P. Johnson, and had one child ; second, Iverson L. Brooks, and had 
two children. 

Mary, daughter of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married John 
Walton; three children. Afterwards married Merrell Calloway; four children. 

Martha, daughter of Isaiah Tucker, son of Christopher Irvine, married 
Oliver L. Battle. They had five children — two sons, Charles and John Tucker, 
and three daughters, Eliza, Mary Belle and Annie Porter. 

Charles Battle, son of Martha (great-grandson of Christopher Irvine), mar- 
ried Lou Walker. 

John T. , son of Martha (great-grandson of Christopher Irvine), married 
Rosalie W r addey. They had three children, Oliver I. , Waddey W. and Mary Belle. 

Eliza, daughter of Martha, and great-granddaughter of Christopher Irvine, 
married John F. Ficklen. They had two children, John Fielding and Irvine. 

Mary Belle, daughter of Martha, and great-granddaughter of Christopher 
Irvine, married John F. Ficklen. 

Anna Porter, daughter of Martha and great-granddaughter of Christopher 
Irvine, married Wm. Howell Wood, and had one child, Mary Belle. 

Martha Irvine Battle. 

I am requested by my cousin, Mrs. M. B. Wharton, of Norfolk, Ya., to 
send you- a few items of the history of my father and his family. My father, 
David Irwin, or Irvin or Irvine, I don't know exactly which, as some of them 
spell it the two last-named ways and some as my father did, Irwin, though we 


know we are closely related. The two first of the name that I have any history 
of were William and John, who came, I think, to Philadelphia from Ireland. 
William Irwin had a son named Christopher, who went to Virginia and from 
there to Wilkes county, Georgia, where he married a Miss Tucker, by whom 
he had two sons, Isaiah Tucker and Charles. His wife died, and he married 
Prudence Echols, by whom he had Christopher, Jr., William, John, Smith, 
Heflin, and a daughter, Catherine, and the youngest child was a son, David, who 
was my father ; he married Sarah Royston, from which union the following 
children were born: Marcus J., died, aged twenty-three years ; Mary Elizabeth, 
died, aged seven years ; Margaret Isabella, who married George N. Eester, who 
was Attorney-General at his death, in 1892, and his wife, Margaret, died the 
same year, leaving five sons and two daughters, viz.: Mary I. Lester, David P. 
Lester, Joseph H. Lester, Geo. N. Lester, Jr., Sarah Lester, Irwin Lester and 
Robert T. Lester. Next was Julia Irwin, who married Greenlee Butler, who 
died in 1864, leaving her a widow ; next is Maria E. , who is unmarried ; next, 
Robert C, who is an attache of the Comptroller-General's office of Georgia (I 
should have said insurance clerk); next, David, Jr., who died in 1856, aged ten 
years; next, Thomas B., who is a lawyer in Marietta, Ga. 

My wife was Miss Mary Lane, and Thomas B. married Miss Lilla Atkin- 
son, granddaughter of ex-Governor Chas. J. McDonald, deceased. My father, 
David Irwin, obtained, by his own untiring efforts, a fine education, by energy 
succeeding in getting sufficient education to study the legal profession, and was 
for a number of years a judge of the Superior Court. He was elected by the 
Legislature, with two others, to compile the first Code of Georgia, and afterward 
appointed to revise it, alone. During the days of Reconstruction he was nomi- 
nated by the Democratic party for Governor, but, Georgia being under military 
rule, he was informed by General Meade, who was in command of this depart- 
ment, that he would not be allowed to take his seat, if elected, which his 
friends thought was a foregone conclusion, as all the leading Republicans were 
supporting him, as well as the Democrats. His opponent was Rufus E. Bul- 
lock. My father declined the race, and General Gordon was put up and 
defeated by Governor Bullock. The reason General Meade gave was that my 
father had been an elector for Jefferson Davis when he was a candidate for 
President, but the true reason was that a faction got the General to give 
this opinion to get my father out of the race, because he had been an 
old Whig and was carrying the Republican party for that reason, and they 
thought he might be too good a friend to those of that party who supported 
him. He was a self-made man, as his father died when he was a few years 
old, leaving his mother but little of this world's goods, and, though he was 
the youngest child, she had to depend on him more than on any of the others. 

The first named John, I think, is the founder of the western branch of the 
family, many of whom are in Mississippi, Tennessee and Illinois. My father 
was related to the Adamses of Virginia, and also the McDowells, I think, of 


Pennsylvania, but I don't know the relationship. He died in 1885, at the age 
of seventy-eight. 

Please excuse this hurried sketch, as I had to get it up from memory, and 
give it in a disjointed manner. Very truly, 

R. C. Irwin. 

P. S.— I forgot to give names of children of R. C. The children of Robt. 
C. Irwin and Mary W. Lane are Julia Greenlee, Mark A., Sarah, Hope (a boy), 
Lucy Mary and Margaret I. Sarah and Margaret I. died when young. The 
children of Thos. B. Irwin and Lilla Atkinson are David, Mary Ann, Alexan- 
der A. and George L. 

Descendants of Gen. Robert Irvine. 

General Robert Irvine, who married Mary Alexander, was one of the 
signers of the Mecklenburg " Declaration of Independence." General Robert 
Irvine lived in Charlotte, N. C. 

Margaret Irvine, daughter of General Robert Irvine, was married to Hugh 
McDowell, of Mecklenburg county, North Carolina. Hugh McDowell was the 
son of John McDowell of Revolutionary fame. Margaret McDowell, daughter 
of Hugh McDowell and Margaret Irvine his wife, married Andrew Lawson 
Barry, of South Carolina, son of John Barry and grandson of Capt. Andrew 
Barry, celebrated at the battle of Cowpens. 

The issue of the marriage between Margaret McDowell and Andrew 
Lawson Barry was as follows : Euphemia Elizabeth, Robert Lindsay, Mary Jane 
and Sarah Ann. 

Euphemia Elizabeth married William Adolphus Moore ; issue : Emma 
Eliza ; Sallie Irvine, who died in 1875 ; Susan Margaret, who died in childhood ; 
Mary Lou, who died in 1881 ; William Andrew, who died in childhood; Anna 
Euphemia, John McDowell, Jessie and Wilmer Lee. 

Emma Eliza married William Wood Draper of Alabama; issue: William 
Moore, Robert Daniel, Mary Emma, Bessie, Jesse H., and Wallace Wood. 

Anna Euphemia married Seaborne Wright, of Rome, Ga.; issue : Thomas 
Barry, Louis Moore, Max, Seaborne, who died in infancy, and Graham. 

John McDowell Moore married Hattie Grace Wharton ; issue : Wharton 
Adolphus, Elizabeth Irvine, May Bell, Emma, who died in infancy, and Bertha 

Jessie Moore married Hugh L. McKee ; issue: Jessie Moore and Margaret 

Wilmer Lee Moore married Cornelia Jackson ; issue: Cornelia Jackson. 


Descendants of the House of Bonshaw — Irish Branch. 

Hugh McDowell, of Mecklenburg, N. C, son of John McDowell of 
Revolutionary fame, married Margaret Irvin, daughter of Gen. Robert Irvine, 
one of the signers of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. 

Sarah Salina, daughter of Hugh and Margaret McDowell, married Andrew 
Moore Sloan, of South Carolina; issue: John Hugh, Charles Andrew, Oscar 
Adam and Robert Eugene. 

John Hugh married Mary C. Winn, of Thomasville, Ga. ; issue: Johnnie 

Johnnie Hugh married Edward Burckley, of Manistee, Mich.; issue: 

Charles Andrew married Mollie L. Morris, of Monticello, Fla. ; issue : 

Oscar Adam married Elizabeth Irwin Sloan, of McDonough, Ga. ; issue : 
Sarah Eva, Annie May and Andrew Moore. 

Robert Eugene married Ida Turnbull, of Monticello, Fla.; issue: Richard 
Turnbull, Robert Eugene and Sarah Salina. Second wife, Virginia Turnbull, 
of Monticello, Fla. 

Robert Linsey Barry, son of Dr. Andrew Lawson Barry and Margaret 
Irvin McDowell, married Laura Augusta Hackett, of Georgia ; issue : Robert 
Edwin and Margaret. 

Robert Edwin Barry married Mary Bryan Thiot, of Savannah, Ga.; issue: 
Ruth, Mary Bryan and Robert Andrew. Second marriage, Anna Henderson 
Green, of Atlanta, Ga.; issue: Edwin Joseph. 

Margaret Barry married Edwin P. Ansley of Atlanta, Ga.; issue: Laura 
Barry Ansley and Mamie Ansley. 

Mary Jane Barry, daughter of Andrew Lawson Barry and Margaret Irvine 
McDowell, married Dr. Adolphus Sherard Fowler, of Georgia; issue: Eugene 
Moore, Minnie Lee, Mary Jane, Hugh Barry and Jessie Euphemia. 

Eugene Moore married Minnie Riggs,of Forney, Tex.; issue: Hugh Chilton. 

Minnie Lee married Melvin Gardner, of Norfolk, Va.; issue : Dorothy and 
John Nicklin. 

Mary Jane married Roy Nail Cole, of Newnan, Ga. 

Sarah Ann Barry, daughter of Andrew^ Lawson Barry and Margaret Irvine 
McDowell, married William C. Sloan, of Georgia; issue: Elizabeth Irvin, 
Willie Emma, Julia Scott, Thomas Adam, Annie Gertrude, Euphemia, Laura 
Barry and Robert Andrew. 

Elizabeth Irvin married Oscar Adam Sloan, of Florida; issue: Sarah Eva, 
Anna May, Andrew Moore and Willie Emma. 

Willie Emma married Oscar Emerson Ham, of Georgia ; issue : Alton 
Sloan, Emma Estelle, Rosa Irene and Emerson Barry. 


Julia Scott married Edgar Leslie McDonald, of Georgia; issue: Eddie 
Claude and Julia Irvin. 

Thomas Adam married Annie Iola Tye, of Georgia ; issue : Thomas 
Adam, Carl and Wyman. 

Annie Gertrude married Herbert Greenberry Bryan, of Georgia. 

Euphemia married William P. Bellinger, of Florida. 

Laura Barry married Joel Echols Smith, Florida. 

Another descendant of the Irvines of Bonshaw is Rev. Dr. L. W. Irvine 
Porter, of the Radford Presbyterian Church, Radford, Va. 

Rev. David C. Irwin married Martha Lucretia Pryor, daughter of George 
E. Pryor, M. D., of Frederick county, Md. ; issue: James, Elizabeth, George, 
Julia, Mary Virginia, William, Leonidas, H. David and Lucretia (twins), 
Mary W. and James Emory Irvine (died in infancy). 

Elizabeth Willson Irvine, married Pryor Boyd, of Wheeling, W. Va. 

George Pryor Irvin married Signora J. Wilson, daughter of Robert Wilson, 
of Rockbridge county, Va.; issue: Essie L., George Pryor, Elizabeth W. 
(died in infancy). 

Julia Sweeney Irvine died in infancy. 

Mary Virginia Irvine died in infancy. 

William Pryor Irwin married Julia Rush Junkin, daughter of Rev. ¥.. D. 
Junkin, D. D. ; issue: Wilfred P., John Preston, Agnes J., Leonidas W. 
(died in infancy), George J. 

Rev. Leonidas Willson Irwin. 

Lucretia Irwin. 

Harry David Irwin married Anna White, daughter of Wm. S. White, 
Esq., of Lexington, Va. ; issue: Frances W. 

Mary W. Irwin. 

Mrs. Belle Irvine Wharton. 

Mrs. Belle Irvine Wharton is descended from William Irvine, one of the 
seven brothers who came from Larne, Ireland, about 1729-30. William Irvine 
married Anne Craig, who died and was buried in Ireland in the church yard of 
Raloo, by the side of her daughter Johanna, who had fallen asleep before her. 

William Irvine and his two sons, David and Christopher, came to America 
and settled in Bedford county, Va. David Irvine came to Kentucky, and 
was the progenitor of the Madison county Irvines. Christopher went to Wilkes 

county, -Ga., in 1794. 

Christopher Irvine married Louisa Tucker, of Amherst, Va., and they had 
two sons, Charles and Isaiah Tucker. Charles Irvine removed to Richmond, 
Va., and died there in the early part of the present century. Isaiah Tucker 


Irvine, at the age of ten years, was taken by his father, Christopher Irvine, to 
Wilkes county, Ga. , in 1794, as before stated. 

Before leaving Virginia, Christopher Irvine was married the second time, 
to Miss Echols. They had six sons and one daughter born to them. I have 
been able to learn the names of but four of these children — Christopher, William, 
David and Catherine. Mrs. Wharton, great-granddaughter of Christopher 
Irvine, writes: ''I think, indeed I know, that Christopher Irvine had, by his 
marriage with Miss Echols, a son John, and I think he had a son Robert and 
an Andrew."' These are family names among the Irvines of Bonshaw, from 
whom Christopher Irvine was descended. 

Isaiah Tucker Irvine, son of Christopher Irvine and his wife Louisa Tucker, 
married Isabella Lee Barkston ; issue : Louisa, Nancy Herndon, Prudence, 
Charles Mercia, Mary, Isaiah Tucker, Martha, Lucinda and Stephen. (Stephen 
died in infancy.) 

Charles Mercia Irvine, son of Isaiah Tucker and his wife Isabella Lee 
Barkston, married Harriette Andrews Battle (sometimes spelled Battaile), had 
two sons born to him, Reuben and Charles Battle, and one daughter, Mary 
Isabella, who married Rev. Dr. M. B. Wharton, and is the subject of this 

The children of Rev. Dr. Morton Bryan Wharton and his wife are 
Charles Irvine (who died in infancy), Harriette Grace and Morton Bryan. 
Harriette .Grace Wharton married John McDowell Moore; issue: Wharton 
Adolphus, Elizabeth Irvine, May Belle, Emma and Bertha Herndon. 

Morton Bryan Wharton, Jr., married Kitty Holt; issue: one daughter, 
Mary Catherine. 

Charles Battle, son of Charles Mercia Irvine and his wife, Harriette Battle, 
married Mary Speer. His brother, Reuben Battle Irvine, died in infancy. The 
children of Charles Battle Irvine and his wife, Mary Speer, are two sons, 
who died in infancy, and three daughters whose names are May Speer, 
Ruby Lillian and Harriette Battle. May Speer Irvine, married Logan Crich- 
ton, M. D. ; Charles Barkston Irvine died in infancy ; Ruby Lillian Irvine, 
married Mr. Herbert Willis Post. 

Rev. Dr. M. B.Wharton, husband of Belle Irvine, was born April 5, 1839. 
He is the son of Malcolm H. and Susan R. Wharton. He was educated at 
Richmond College and at the University of Virginia, ordained pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Bristol, Tenn., in 1862; married Belle Irvine in 1864; 
elected pastor of the First Baptist Church of Eufaula, Ala., in 1867, and re- 
mained there five years ; elected pastor of the Walnut Street Baptist Church, 
Louisville, Ky, in 1872, and remained there three years; elected pastor of the 
First Baptist Church, Augusta, Ga., in 1876, remaining there one year;' elected 
corresponding secretary of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary for a 
time. In 1881 Dr. Wharton was made United States Consul to Germany by 
President Garfield. After his return to this country from abroad, Dr. Wharton 


became editor of the Christian Index, and held that position one year, 
when he was called to the pastorate of the First Baptist Church of Montgomery, 
Ala. He remained at Montgomery as pastor of the church above mentioned 
for six years, and in 1897 was called to the Freemason Street Baptist Church 
of Norfolk, Va. , where he now resides. 

Dr. Wharton is a man of wide and varied learning. He is a patriot, 
author, poet and a Christian gentleman whom the South loves to honor. He 
is author of " European Notes; or, What I Saw in the Old World," " Famous 
Women of the Old Testament, " and " Famous Women of the New Testament," 
and poems many of which will live and move the world long after the hand 
that penned them is ashes and dust. Dr. Wharton was made Doctor of 
Divinity by Washington and Lee University in the year 1876, and the title 
could have been bestowed on no more worthy follower of the meek and lowly 

He is descended from the younger brother of Sir George Wharton — Lord 
Thomas Wharton — as follows: First Sir George Wharton had sons — George, 
Thomas, Jesse, John and Joseph; second George had sons — John, Joseph and 
William ; third George had sons — Zachary and Samuel ; Samuel Wharton had 
sons — William, John, Joseph, Samuel and Malcom ; Malcom Wharton had 
sons — William, Joseph, John, Samuel, Morton Bryan, Malcom Frederick and 
Henry Marion. Morton Bryan Wharton married Belie Irvine, and has a son, 
Morton Bryan Wharton, who married Kitty Holt. 

The arms of the Whartons (as borne by Philip Wharton, the celebrated 
Duke of Wharton,) are: Sa. a maunch ar. within a bordure or, charged with 
eight pairs of lion's paws saltireways, erased gu.; the bordure being an augmen- 
tation granted by Edward VI. Crest, a Moor, kneeling, in coat of mail, all 
ppr. ducally crowned or, stabbing himself with a sword of the first, hilt and 
pommel of the second. Another crest, and the one used by Rev. Dr. M. B. 
Wharton, is: A bull's head erased ar., attired or, gorged with a ducal coronet, 
per pale of the second and gu. The arms of the Irvines of Bonshaw (Irish 
branch), from whom his wife is descended, are thus described : Ar. a fesse 
gu. betw. three holly leaves, ppr. Crest, a dexter arm in armor, fesseways, 
issuant out of a cloud, hand ppr. holding a thistle, also ppr. motto, " Dum 
memor ipse met." 

Mrs. Martha Irvine Battle, daughter of Isaiah Tucker Irvine was described 
by Richard Malcolm Johnson as " a girl that was simply glorious." In a 
recent letter from Baltimore, to a kinsman of Mrs. Battle, he says: " I should 
rather see Mat Battle than any one now alive." How I should like to see a 
woman who receives praise from such a man as Georgia's most gifted son, whose 
pen pictures are like the paintings of Hogarth, easy to understand, but never 
to be imitated or surpassed in this world. 


Hon. Wilbur F. Browder, of Russellville, Ky. 

Wilbur F. Browder is descended from the Irvines of Bonshaw, in the 
following line : Alexander Irvine, married Sophia Gault ; issue : Andrew, 
William and Christopher, born in the North of Ireland. Alexander, his wife 
and sons came to Bedford county, Va. Alexander Irvine and his wife died 
the same day. William Irvine, brother of Alexander, reared Andrew Irvine, 
who was eight years old at the time of his father's death. The Irvines of 
Pennsylvania reared Christopher and William, and I have never been able to 
rely upon any information that has been given me concerning them. Some say 
that William was a General in the Revolution, but I have never been able to 
prove it to my satisfaction. There was one William Irvine, a General in the 
Revolution, but, if he was Andrew's brother, it has not been made plain to me. 

Andrew Irvine, married Elizabeth Mitchell, daughter of Elizabeth Innes 
and William Mitchell, of Edinburgh, Scotland. Caleb Irvine, son of Elizabeth 
Mitchell and Andrew Irvine, married Elizabeth Ewing Mitchell; issue: Norval, 
Thomas, Caleb Ewing, Robert Green and Elizabeth Eleanor. Elizabeth 
Eleanor Irvine, married Rev. David Browder, November 18, 1842; issue: 
Bettie Green, James Thomas, Robert Irvine, Wilbur Fisk, born December 12, 
1848, Helen Mary, David, Caleb Ewing, Richard, Edward McClure and 
Fannie Irvine. The children of David Browder and his wife, are all dead 
except three sons, Hon. Wilbur F. Browder, of Russellville, Ky. , and Edward 
McClure, now living in Arizona, and Richard, now living with his wife and five 
children, in Montgomery, Ala. 

Wilbur F. Browder was graduated from the University of Virginia in 

1868, and from the Law Department of the Kentucky University in November, 

1869, and has since that time been distinguished in his profession in this and 
other states. 

On January iS, 1872, Mr. Browder married Bettie Bernard Wills, a great- 
niece of Geo. M. Bibb. The children of this marriage are : Wilbur Fisk, 
Marion Castner, John Caleb, Lucien McClure and Eugene Irvine. 

Wilbur Fisk Browder, born November 23, 1872, married Hattie Martin 
Frayer, November 23, 1893, and has a son, Wilbur Fisk Browder (third), born 
February 19, 1895. 

Marion Castner Browder, graduated from Bethel College, June, 1892, and 
from University of Virginia, June, 1894, and from University of Berlin, Ger- 
many, in 1895. 

John Caleb Browder is now a student at the University of Virginia. 

Lucy McClure Browder is a student at Bethel College, and the youngest 
son, Eugene Irvine Browder, is at a private school at Russellville, Ky. 

Caleb Irvine, son of Andrew and Elizabeth Irvine, was drowned in May- 
field creek in 1825. He was an excellent swimmer, but in attempting to cross 


Mayfield creek, swollen by recent rains, his horse threw him. He must have 
been hurt in the fall, for he never came to the surface of the stream. Mis wife 
walked the shore of the stream, day and night, until the water subsided and her 
husband's body was found. He was clinging to the roots of a tree that overhung 
the water. His wife lived until 1868, and died at the house of her son-in-law, 
Mr. Browder, in Montgomery, Ala., at the advanced age of eighty-five years. 

Caleb Ewing Irvine, son of Caleb above mentioned, was born a few weeks 
after his father's death. He was educated at West Point and became Lieuten- 
ant in the United States Army and served with great distinction in the war with 
Mexico. After the war was over he was ordered to the far West to quell an 
outbreak of a certain turbulent tribe of Indians. In the fight with these 
savages he was, in some way, cut off from his command, and his soldiers, fear- 
ing the worst, after the skirmish was over crept back to learn his fate. Lieu- 
tenant Irvine's command was outnumbered, ten to one, by the Indians. They 
saw Irvine bound to a stake and faggots piled around him. Not being able to 
rescue their commander, and determined not to witness his suffering, they fled. 
When they had rallied a sufficient number of troops to attempt his rescue they 
returned to the spot where they had seen him tied to the stake. There had 
been a fire but no charred remains of a body could be found. Nevertheless, 
Lieutenant Irvine was reported dead. 

How he escaped being burned by the Indians, my informant did not know, 
but some time after Lieutenant Irvine resigned his commission in the army. If 
his resignation was published his relatives did not see it, and they mourned him 
as dead for many years. He went to the wilds of Oregon and made himself a 
home, and his existence was not known to his relatives and friends until 1885, 
when he was discovered by his great-nephew, Judge Robert Green Irvine, son 
of Lieutenant Irvine's nephew of the same name. Judge Robert Green Irvine 
was Circuit Judge of Butte City Judicial District and Montana Territory, and 
was, for many years, a very influential and popular Democrat of that part of 
the country. 

Why Lieutenant Irvine acted in this manner toward his relatives and friends 
he never made known to any one. He was one of the most handsome and 
soldierly-looking men of his time, and his record in the army, whether in active 
service or in camp, was without blemish. 

Judge Robert Green Irvine died in 1892 at Deer Lodge, Montana. 

Rev. Robert Green Irvine, son of Caleb Irvine and Elizabeth Ewing 
Mitchell, his wife, was a minister of great eloquence and prominence in the M. 
E. Church, South, and died at Columbia, Tenn., in 1892, beloved and mourned 
by a host of friends. 

Robert Ewing Irvine is unmarried and lives in the old Irvine homestead at 
Columbia, Tenn. 


The McElroys. 

The arms of the McElroys, from whom the McElroys of this country are 
descended, are described as follows : Or on a bend azure, a star of six points 
between two crescents argent, and in base a bow and arrow of the second. 
Crest — A hand, erect, holding a battle axe ppr. Motto — Trusty and true. 

I subjoin a letter from a friend in Ireland, Mary Semple, and make no 
apology for copying it word for word : 

Mounthill, Larne, Ireland, October 12, 1897. 

My Dear Mrs. Boyd: * * * The McElroys, some of them, live about 
a mile from here. The first of the name who came here was Charles McElroy. 
He was a soldier, stationed at Carrickfergus Castle, and came in the army of 
Gen. Robert Monroe, who was sent here in the wars of 1641. That was a 
fearful time. There was a great battle fought near Larne, on a hill that was 
called Shiner-roe, where General Monroe was slain, and the hill takes its name 
(in part) from General Monroe. 

This McElroy distinguished himself at that battle, as did many others. 
McElroy was of the party who chased Phelim Roe O'Neill, of Shane's Castle, 
near Antrim Town, off the battlefield. He was rewarded for his gallant services 
with some fine land near Ballyclare, where some of his descendants now reside. 
Others of his descendants live at Ballymena. 

Charles McElroy was a native of Inverness Shire, Scotland, and the fierce 
highland blood that ran in his veins fires some of his descendants to this day. 
I knew one of them, one William McElroy, and like his ancestor, Charles, he 
was an old soldier and had five medals. He was the first man to place his foot 
on the heights of Alma. 

The churchyard of Raloo covers about a half acre of ground. The walls 
of an old church are still standing, although the church was burned by the 
Catholics in 1641. In this old church were all the records of the Scottish 
families who had settled here. They were all destroyed by the fire that burned 
the church. But every family handed down its own records and arms. The 
arms are contained in an old book, hundreds of years old. If a neighbor knew 
the ancestry of one who was not versed in his own lineage, he gave it to him, 
that it might be preserved. 

The dear old churchyard of Raloo holds the dust of many of your ances- 
tors — the Fords, Gaults, and at the eastern corner, on which the first beams of 
the rising sun rest, sleep the Irvines, among their kinsmen, the Wylies. 

I do not think you quite understood what I wrote you concerning Alexander 
Irvine, who killed the man in Scotland, on the hunting field. He was a brother 
to Robert, who was the founder of the Irvine family here, in the early part of 


the sixteenth century, and great-uncle to Alexander (one of the seven brothers 
who came to America in 1729-30), from whom you are descended. Alexan- 
der, your immediate ancestor, was the son of James Irvine and Sophia Gault, 
his wife, and Alexander married his kinswoman, a Miss Gault. 

Affectionately yours, 

Mary Semple. 

I think the mistake is made by Miss Semple, as I have stated before. The 
tradition has been handed down in my mother's family, from generation to 

The following pages were sent to me by Mr. William T. Knott, of Leb- 
anon, Ky. 

I send you the following notes from my manuscript sketches of the McEIroy s, 
of Kentucky, who married with the Irvine family. The McElroys are a 
numerous family, widely distributed throughout the United States, from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Lakes to the Gulf. First immigration — the 
original families were from North Ireland, County Down, and adjacent localities; 
were not only all Protestants, but Presbyterians of no uncertain type. Some 
of them were members of the Old Covenanters and some of the Associate 
Church or Seceders. 

About the year 1730, James McEIroy, with his young bride, Sarah 
McHugh (or McCune), sailed on the vessel "George and Anne," in company 
with the Irvines, McDowells, McCunes (or McHughs) and others. They first 
settled, on the borders of Pennsylvania, in New Jersey or Delaware, thence 
farther west in Pennsylvania ; and later the families of James McEIroy and 
John Irvine, a Presbyterian minister, moved South and settled in Campbell 
county, Va. James McEIroy had five sons: John, Archibald, Hugh, 
Samuel and James. John and Archy were married (the names of their wives 
not known) and moved to South Carolina. Their descendants are scattered 
over the Southern States from the Carolinas to Texas. The third, fourth and 
fifth sons, Hugh, Samuel and James, married three sisters, Esther, Mary and 
Margaret Irvine, daughters of John Irvine, mentioned above. John Irvine's 
children were: John, Esther, Nancy, Mary, Elizabeth and Margaret. While 
in Pennsylvania, during the French and Indian Wars, Nancy was captured by 
the Indians and held prisoner for a few days, when she was rescued by her 

In the year 1786 or '87, Hugh McEIroy and his brother-in-law, John 
Irvine, moved from Campbell county, Va., to Kentucky, Irvine settling 
near where is now the city of Danville, Boyle county; Hugh McEIroy settled 
near where is now Springfield, Washington county. 

In the autumn of 1789, Samuel and James McEIroy followed, Samuel 
settling about four miles east, and James one mile south-west, of where is now 
the city of Lebanon, Marion county. Hugh McEIroy and Esther Irvine, his 



wife, had ten children; six sons and four daughters. Samuel McElroy and 
Mary Irvine, his wife, had thirteen children; eight sons and five daughters. 
James McElroy and Margaret Irvine, his wife, had eleven children ; three sons 
and eight daughters. 

The descendants of the three McElroy boys and their Irvine wives, may 
be found in almost every State of the Union. 

The children of Hugh McElroy and Esther Irvin were as follows: 

1. James, married Rosa Hardin and (second) a widow, Mrs. Pickett. 

2. Margaret, married William Muldraugh, whose father gave his name to 

Muldraugh Hill. 

3. Sarah, married Sandusky, a son of an old pioneer. 

4. Mary, married John Simpson (first) and John McElroy (second hus- 


5. John, married Miss Hundley; his descendants are the Springfield 


6. Hugh, married Miss Dorsey ; some of his descendants lived in Hardin 

county, Ky. 

7. Samuel, married Mary Wilson ; many of his descendants moved to 


8. Robert, married Miss Hundley ; his descendants live in Washington 

and Marion counties, Ky. 

9. William, married Miss Crawford, and left two children ; lived in Marion 

county, Ky. 
10. Elizabeth, never married ; lived to a good old age, in Springfield, Ky. 

The children of Samuel McElroy and Mary Irwin were as follows: 

1. Sarah, born 1767, married Alexander Handley ; their descendants live 

in southern Kentucky. 

2. John, born 1769, married Miss Copeland (first) and Mrs. Mary Simp- 

son, his cousin (second wife). 

3. James, born 1770, died young. 

4. Hugh, born 1772, married Miss Gilkie ; had only one son, Hiram, a 

noted lawyer in his day. The McElroys of Union county, Ky. , are 
his descendants. 

5. Margaret, born 1773, married James Wilson ; their descendants live in 

Mississippi and Arkansas. 

6. Abram, born 1774, died young. 

7. William, born 1776, married twice — first, Miss Keturah Cleland, sister 

to Rev. Dr. Thomas Cleland, of Providence Church, Mercer county ; 
second wife was Miss Mary Kirk. Ex-Governor J. Proctor Knott is 
his grandson by his first wife, Miss Cleland. 

8. Samuel, born in 1777, married twice: First wife, Miss Minnie Briggs ; 

second wife, Miss Jane B. Grundy. 


9. Mary, born in 1778, married William McColgan; had no children. 

10. James, born in 1780, married Esther Simpson; moved to Missouri. 

11. Abram, born in 1780, married Miss Radford; moved to Christian 

county, Ky. (James and Abram were twins.) 

12. Elizabeth, born in 1782, married George Wilson, and moved to 


13. Nancy, born in 1785, married Mr. Robbins ; moved to Indiana. 

The children of James McElroy and Margaret Irvine were as follows : 

1. John, died in young manhood, not married. 

2. Sarah, died young. 

3. Elizabeth, married General Allen. 

4. Margaret, married Dr. Blythe. 

5. Mary, married (first) Allen, and (second) Speed. 

6. Sarah, died young. 

7. Nancy, died young. 

8. Esther, married Felix B. Grundy. 

9. James A., married Mary Irvine, and moved to Missouri. 
10. William I., married Jane Muldrow, and moved to Missouri. 

The ancestors of this trio of McElroy boys who married the three Irvine 
girls were originally from Scotland. Tradition says that during the religious 
persecution in Scotland three brothers, McElroys, went from Argyle and Lan- 
ark counties, Scotland, one from each county, and one from Glasgow, and 
settled in County Down, Ireland, purchasing large landed estates and from 
those three brothers, the McElroys in North Ireland and immigrants to America 
had their origin. 

James Callaway. 

James Callaway, the subject of this sketch, is descended from William 
Irvine, one of the seven brothers who came to America between 1721 and 


William Irvine married Ann Craig, who was of noble blood, in Ireland. 
Three children were born to them — Johanna, Christopher and David. William 
Irvine's wife died and was buried in the churchyard of Raloo, near Mounthill, 
Larne, Ireland, beside her daughter, Johannah, who had died a short time 
before. William and his two sons, Christopher and David, came to America. 
They landed at Philadelphia, Pa., and afterwards removed to Bedford county, 
Va. David Irvine came to Kentucky, and Christopher Irvine went to Wilkes 
county, Ga. I quote from a letter written by James Callaway, for a Southern 
periodical: " Christopher Irvine settled the old Irvine plantation, in 1796. It 
is yet in the Irvine family, owned by Luther Cason, whose wife is a lineal 


descendant, a great-granddaughter of Christopher's son, Isaiah Tucker Irvine. 
Christopher Irvine's wife was Louisa Tucker, of Virginia. This Christopher 
Irvine, a far-off descendant of Christopher Irvine, who commanded the light 
horse for King James IV. at the battle of Flodden Hill, or, as Sir Walter Scott, 
in " Marmion," has it, " Flodden Field," was a captain of a Virginia company 
in the Revolutionary War, and, for service in the army, impressed a yoke of 
steers belonging to John Hook, a Tory, for which Hook sued him after the war. 
He was defended by Patrick Henry. Old-time schoolboys, like Bill Arp, 
Robert J. Bacon or Richard Malcolm Johnston remember Henry's speech. In 
impassioned rhetoric he presented the hardships of the war, the great struggle 
for independence, pictured the general rejoicing of the people, and while all 
America was shouting for joy, for victory won, here comes one Hook, crying 
" Beef, beef!" 

Christopher, son of William Irvine and Annie Craig, married Louisa 
Tucker. Issue: Charles and Isaiah Tucker. 

Isaiah Tucker Irvin married Isabella Lee Barkston. Issue: Charles Mercia, 
Isaiah Tucker, Stephen (who died in infancy), Nancy Henderson, Prudence, 
Caroline Carter, Mary Anne, Martha and Louisa. 

Mary Anne Irvine, married first, John Walton. Issue : Belle, who mar- 
ried Robert Bacon (and who reared A. O. Bacon, U. S. Senator from Georgia), 
John and Stokes. After the death of John Walton, Mary Anne Irvine married 
Merrel Price Callaway. Issue: Merrel, Henry Irvine, James and Isaiah Tucker. 

James Callaway married the accomplished and beautiful Vieva Flewellyn 
Furlow, daughter of Col. T. M. Furlow and Margaret Holt. Margaret Holt 
was the daughter of Tarplay Holt, son of Simon Holt, who had eight sons and 
one daughter. This only daughter married a Mr. Colquitt, and was the mother 
of the celebrated Walter T. Colquitt, and grandmother of General Alfred H. 

The children of James Callaway and his wife, Vieva F. Furlow, are : Merrel, 
James Woodpin, Margaret Holt, Mary Irvin, Henry Irvin, Kate and Holt. 

Mr. Callaway was a Confederate soldier. He responded to the call of his 
country at the early age of sixteen, and was quartermaster and commissary 
sergeant of his regiment, the Third Georgia Reserves. In South Carolina, 
where his regiment held Fort Coosawhatchee, the exposure to shot and shell 
was great. Mr. Callaway's duties required him to daily cross the bridge over 
the Tulafinee river and the long trestle across the swamp in shooting distance 
of the Federal sharpshooters. A solitary plank ran across this trestle and 
bridge, and each trip was fraught with danger. Though running the gauntlet 
of shot and shell and whizzing bullets safely, he was not proof against swamp 
miasma, and for weeks he lay prostrate with typho-malarial fever. Medicines 
there were none — not even a lemon, and nothing but pluck and the hope of 
meeting his mother again inspired strength to pull through the terrible ordeal. 

Mr. Callaway graduated from Mercer University in 1868. After marriage 



he lived the quiet life of a farmer in Mitchell count}', Georgia. His wife's 
health required a change, and in 1885 he became editor of the Albany "News 
and Advertiser." In the fall of 1886 he took work with the Macon "Telegraph," 
and is yet a member of its staff. As a writer he is easy and graceful and his 
contributions to his paper are perused with pleasure by its readers. 

Mr. Callaway's mother was a glorious type of the old Southern matron. 
She had intellect enough to rule an empire and love enough to save the world. 
Her father was Isaiah Tucker Irvin, a man whose very appearance bespoke the 
nobleman. He was a king among men, yet so thoroughly democratic in nature 
and manners that the humblest approached him with ease and confidence. In- 
deed, his grand old home was Liberty Hall to all comers. 

Writing of his grandfather, Mr. Callaway says: " My grandfather was not 
so tall of stature, but his magnificent presence produced the impression of Louis 
XIV, whom people thought over six feet, but who in reality was only five feet 
eight inches. He amassed a large fortune and entertained royally. His beverage- 
was "cherry bounce," and it put to shame any mint julep brewed by the Vir- 
ginians. His home was twelve miles from Washington, Ga. Before reaching 
his house you ascended a hill, on the brow of which were large and venerable 
chestnut trees, with wide-spreading shades, in front of which was his country 
store, from which a broad driveway led to the hospitable home. Near by was 
the spring and that celebrated spring-house where melons and apple cider and 
' good things ' were stored. " More remarkable was Mrs. Irvin, a granddaughter 
of Joseph Henderson. Of Mrs. Irvin General Robert Toombs was especially 
fond, and while hiding out from the Federal soldiery after the war, he sought 
on a dark night Mrs. Irvin's room in Washington, Ga., and spent hours in con- 
versing with her about his own father and mother and ' old times ' in Wilkes 

"It seems to my childish recollections," continues Mr. Callaway, "that 
my grandfather's blacksmith shop was a half a mile from the house, but it must 
not have been, for grandfather, when he wished to give orders to 'Sol,' the 
blacksmith, would step to the edge of his porch and call out, 'S-o-1, you, 
S-o-l-o-m-o-n! ' and the response always came 'S-i-r!' ' 

In starting life, Isaiah Tucker Irvin was sometimes in need of money, 
His neighbor, Beasley, was rich, dressed in purple and fine linen, wore a hat 
that told of pride of purse, on his hands were big gloves, and he drove fine 
horses. One day Major Irvin approached Beasley seated in his buggy and re- 
quested a loan of $100. Beasley treated him rather haughtily and drove on, 
but not before Major Irvin could say to him : " Beasley, I'll have my revenge." 
Beasley, the fast young man, by high living and fast driving, and careless 
habits came to want, and all his houses and lands and negroes and mules and 
horses were put up for sale. Everything was knocked down to I. T. Irvin. 
Irvin bought all Beasley possessed. The sale over, Beasley approached Major 
Irvin and said: "Major, you have had your revenge; allow me to redeem my 


family pictures." Major Irvin turned to Beasley and said: "Yes, be a man, 
Beasley, and redeem all," and Beasley turned over a new leaf. He became a 
man and redeemed his property. 

This story illustrates the man, Isaiah T. Irvin. He hurt r.o man when 
down, but extended the hand of generosity. His grandchildren love his very 
name, which hangs, like a memory keepsake, around the neck of each of them. 

Isaiah Tucker Irvin, son of Isaiah T. Irvin and Isabella Henderson 
Bankston, was born May 25, 1S19, in Wilkes county, Ga. He was aboard 
the steamer Bayou City, plying between Galveston and Houston, along with 
O. L. Battle and M. P. Callaway, his brothers-in-law, going to his farm in 
Texas, when the steamer exploded her boiler on the night of September 27, 
i860. He was seen rushing aft, and it was thought he fell overboard. 

Mr. Irvin was a graduate of the State University at Athens and divided 
the first honors with Professor S. P. Sanford, who became the distinguished 
professor of mathematics of Mercer University. Mr. Irvin chose the law as 
his life profession, in which he became distinguished. He ranked with the 
first statesmen of Georgia. 

His friend and neighbor, Gen. Robt. Toombs, then United States senator 
from Georgia, was at Hancock Superior Court when came to him the news of 
Irvin's death. This distinguished Senator, in subdued and saddened tone, 
remarked: "In Washington (Ga.), to-day, every man, woman and child, 
white and black, will be in mourning and in tears; and more than all, their 
sorrow is sincere. He was the friend of everyone, and everyone was his 

At the time of his death I. T. Irvin was speaker of the Georgia House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Resolutions, reporting, say : ' ' Resolved, 
That in his death the state has sustained incalculable loss in her public councils ; 
this House has been deprived of a presiding officer rarely equaled and never 
surpassed in efficiency, fairness and courtesy ; society has lost one of its most 
useful members, and the cause of morality and religion a faithful defender." 

Mr. Irvin had served for years also in the Georgia Senate, and Gen. A. R. 
Lawton, of Chatham, said : "I. T. Irvin was a true son of Georgia. All his 
heart and talents were devoted to her interests and prosperity. * * * It is a 
sad thing, Mr. President, to lose him in this hour of Georgia's peril. It is a sad 
thing, that heaven can not spare those whom earth so much needs." 

Mr. Turner, of Putnam, among other things so eulogistic of Speaker Irvin, 
said: "The highest honors of the land were clustering around his head, and 
the graces scarcely crowned his temples with one wreath ere the hand of 
patriotic friendship twined another for his blushing brow. The people of 
Georgia desired to have his hand at the helm. We wanted for our state 
executive Isaiah Tucker Irvin. We wanted our friend, but God wanted him 
too, and He said to His servant, Come up higher." 

Mr. McGee, of Houston, addressing the Assembly, said: "And what an 


example, sir, did he furnish for his countrymen, his children and his surviving 
associates of this legislature. An example so worthy of their admiration and 
of their imitation, and one illustrating so beautifully the object of his creation." 
These expressions from his comrades of the legislature are not flattery. 
Isaiah T. Irvin was an ideal man — the ideal statesman. He was never false to 
his faith, a man who was never false to his honor, a statesman who was never 
false to his country. His home life was beautiful, and his children revere his 
memory ; and in Wilkes county to-day, after all the hardships of war, and the 
trials and humiliations since the war, Irvin's name is a synonym for all that is 
pure in character, and noble and lofty in manhood. 

" Sweet Hope, of all consolers best art thou ! 
Thy soothing balm has staunched the bloody flow. 
A stream of blissful peace flows through our souls ; 
For him whose loss we mourned hast thou restored, 
And with him given the rapturous joys of heaven." 

The Drummer's Life. 

The Ups and Downs of the Man on the Road. 

To the uninitiated a poetic charm rests about the life of a drummer. By 
such he is regarded as a sort of commercial butterfly, flying here and there, 
sipping the sweets from that which most attracts him. Indeed, Charles Dickens, 
the closest of observers, falls somewhat into this error himself, forin describing the 
uncommercial traveler, he allows the said uncommercial traveler to thus introduce 
himself: " No landlord is my friend and brother, no chamber-maid loves me, 
no waiter worships me; no boots admires and envies me, no round of beef or 
tongue or ham is expressly cooked for me, no label advertisement is personally 
addressed to me, no hotel room, tapestried with great coats and railway wrap- 
pers, is set apart for me; no house of public entertainment in the United 
Kingdom greatly cares for my opinion of its brandy or sherry." 

But the man of whom I speak — the commercial traveler, the drummer, 
the soliciting agent — does not rest on a bed of flowers. His life is a prosaic 
one. His is a life of toil and work. Success does not fall upon him as the 
dews from heaven, but he has to work out his own salvation. His victories are 
sweat victories and labor victories, won by hard daily toil. 

Sometimes his lines are cast in pleasant places, and the " nomadic" sales- 
man seems to enjoy life; but if a "tramp," he is not of that species that sits 
down to rest by the wayside; the tramp offensive is always hunting work but 


never finds it ; the drummer is forever " on the go " and always at work. There 
is nothing pastoral or meditative about the drummer ; he belongs to the positive, 
or indicative, not the subjunctive mood; his work does not permit him to loiter 
or idle, as does the unharnessed horse when listlessly feeding in his pasture. 

Macon owes much to her traveling men. They are her representatives, 
her upbuilders, her developers, her banner-bearers. Like diplomats in foreign 
countries, who seek to uphold the honor and majesty of the mother country 
and advance her glory, these selfsame traveling representatives embody in them- 
selves Macon's sentiment and spirit and enterprise, and at all times, in season 
and out of season, they labor for her growth and prosperity. 

To accomplish this is no small work. They have to bring to their aid all 
the genius, the energy, the intelligence, the pluck, the eloquence, the patience, 
the forbearance they can command. They are indeed heroes in the strife, and 
heroes worthy of all honors. Were soldiers ever more valiant than Bill Pope, 
S. E. Harris, Ben McNeice, Levi Anderson, H. Wood, Albert Hillsman, Henry 
Hatch, Bob Smith, Andrew Kennedy, Lee Happ, Joe Polhill, Lee Ellis, Jake 
Emanuel, Ed Isaacs, Jim Bateman, Lee Watson, Tom Trammell, John Walden 
and others who fight Macon's battles night and day — -resting not, ceasing not, 
till their efforts are crowned with victory? 

Nor is the drummer's life all sunshine. He meets difficulties. He en- 
counters storms. With ardent hopes he approaches yon merchant. Does he 
get a sympathetic greeting? Not every time. Some merchants, at the very 
presence of the drummer, bristle up like a fretted porcupine and pelt the 
fellow with quills of obnoxious frowns and ill-nature until there is nothing to 
do but retreat — the drummer always retreats in a masterly manner. 

But storms come in other ways. Winds blow, rains descend ; the drum- 
mer must "get there all the same.'" His business is to get there. He must 
sell. That's what he is hired for. No storms nor rain nor porcupines must pre- 
vent. If so, then the drummer becomes "the back number" — not the "man 
you are hunting for." The employer looks for the "returns." The results 
must appear, else he steps down and out. His only safety is in success. Honor 
and shame, they tell us, from no condition rise, act well your part and there 
the honor lies. The drummer has to act well — i. e., he has to succeed. Ex- 
cuses are not in order. And what it costs in toil, labor, push and mental tra- 
vail and effort, traveling by night and working by day, to achieve success! A 
hero, indeed, is the successful drummer. 

But this selfsame drummer is a jolly, good fellow. You enjoy meeting him. 
He is a hearty handshaker. He is cheery, blithe as a bird of song, and throws 
off care with the abandon of a child. He has to be; the law of success puts this 
demand upon him. If his heart is troubled, that face of his must be wreathed 
in smiles. The drummer, too, is high-toned, generous, and his frailties lean to 
virtue's side. He is not a dude, and affects not silk and velvet, but he discards 
shabby clothes as impediments to success. The "blues" he must not have. 


Call in "the boys of the road" and give them Christmas cheer. Extend 
the wassail bowl and let them dance and sing, for " Christmas comes but once 
a year." James Callaway. 

The Adams Branch of the Irvine Family, of Bedford County, Va. 

Compiled by Miss Juliet Fauntleroy, of Lynch's Station, Va., and Mrs. George Boykin Saunders, of 

Atlanta, Ga., with the Assistance of W. G. Stannard, of Richmond ; Robert W. 

Carroll, of Cincinnati, and other Noted Genealogists, etc. 

James Adams, the third son of Captain Robert Adams, Jr., of the Revo- 
lution, and his wife, Penelope Lynch, married Mary Irvine, daughter of David 
Irvine, and his wife, Jane Kyle, of Bedford county, Va., and granddaughter ol 
William Irvine. These Irvines were of Scottish descent, and descended from 
Robert Bruce. The crest most used by the American Irvines is a knight's helmet 
surmounted by a holly branch, with the motto "Sub sole sub umbra virens." 
Mrs. Sophia Fox Sea, of Louisville, Ky., has this to say about the Irvines. 
" There were sixteen Irvine coats of arms, eleven of which have the holly 
branch or leaves. What a family it must have been in point of standing. They 
are descended from Robert Bruce, the first Irvine, William de Irvine, having 
married a granddaughter of Bruce, and daughter of Lord Douglas, and from 
whom branched the ' great Irvine families' spoken of in history. Read the 
'Abbot' again and see what Walter Scott has to say of the holly branch, the 
ancient insignia of the house," etc. 

James Adams and Mary Irvine were married Ma)' 4, 1776, and their mar- 
riage license is recorded at Bedford county court house, Va. The Adams 
family were old settlers of Virginia, having located first near Williamsburg and 
later on, some of them settling in what is now Campbell and Bedford counties. 
The first American ancestor of the Adamses, came from the Island of Anglesea, 
North Wales, and it is a mooted question whether he came directly to the old 
"James River Settlement'' in Virginia, or settled in one of the New England 
states, and thence his posterity drifted to the " Old Dominion." The name of 
the " emigrant ancestor " is said to have been William Adams, but on this 
point there is no certainty. Robert Adams, Sr. (father of Captain Robert or 
" Robin " Adams, Jr., of the Revolution), was the grandson of one " Robert 
Addams," who, about the year 1620, was a member of the first " House of 
Burgesses" in Virginia. Robert Adams, Sr., married Mary, the daughter of 
William Lewis. For mention of the Robert Adams of 1620, see Hening's 
" Statutes at Large of Virginia." Robert Adams, Jr., and his wife, Penelope 
Lynch, had two sons who fought in the Revolution. These sons were Robert 
Adams, who married Mary Terrill, the daughter of Joel Terrill and Anna 


Lewis, and James Adams who married Mary Irvine. In the "land office " at 
the Capitol in Richmond, it is recorded that James Adams ranked as "cor- 
poral " in the Revolutionary army, and was granted land bounty for services in 
said army. There is also, in the same office a record of bounty lands being 
granted to "Robert Adams, a soldier in the Revolutionary army," and this 
Robert Adams, as we know, was the father of James Adams. The following 
extracts from a letter written by Mr. Robert W. Carroll, to Mrs. Saunders, 
will be of interest : 

" We people who study genealogies are a kind of guild, and are bound by- 
all the laws of courtesy and comradeship to help one another in emergencies, 
etc. I write this in business shape, so that if I am able to tell you any facts 
you wish to preserve you will have them in form for filing. 

" To take your questions seriatim : First, you mention a genealogy of the 
Adams family. How far back does that go in the Virginia line ? My infor- 
mation goes thus far: Robert Adams, who went into the Revolution with Cap- 
tain, afterwards Colonel, Harry Terrill, a son of Joel Terrill, Sr., married Mary 
Terrill, a daughter of Joel Terrill, Jr., and of Anna Lewis (this Anna Lewis 
being a daughter of David Lewis and Anna Terrill), Joel, Jr. and Anna being 
first cousins. This Robert Adams, was a son of Robert Adams, Jr. (known 
popularly as 'Captain Bob'), who married Penelope Lynch, sister of Colonel 
Charles Lynch and daughter of Charles Lynch and Sarah Clark. Robert Adams, 
Jr., of the Revolution, must have been at the time of the war, in his prime, 
say, from forty-five to fifty years of age, and as he was called Junior, his father, 
Robert Adams, must have been living during the Revolution. This Captain 
Robert Adams, Jr., was one of the first justices of the county court of Camp- 
bell county, at its organization in February, 1782. Robert Adams, Jr., was 
a son of Robert Adams and Mary Lewis, and was probably born anywhere 
from 1 7 1 8 to 1725, or possibly later. His sister, Judith Adams, was born in 
1 7 16, and married Micajah Clark, a son of Christopher Clark (Micajah having 
been born in 1718 — junior of his wife). I think they were married about 1737. 

" I can not go back of this Robert Adams, but he must have been born in 
the Seventeenth Century — say from 1690 to 1700, possibly earlier. He had a 
daughter born in 17 16 — was probably married a year or more before, and was 
most likely twenty years of age, more or less, at the time. This guessing cal- 
culation takes him back to 1695, or thereabout. The name 'Robert' seems 
to have been so regularly used, that we may fairly assume that it had been 
handed down. I find from Hening's 'Statutes of Virginia,' that one Robert 
Addams was a member of the first House of Burgesses in Virginia, about 1620. 
My guess is, that this Robert Adams, was the founder of the Adams family, 
of Virginia. 

;|c -£ -!= A : 

" Before dropping the Adamses I may add, that Mrs. M. A. (Mary Adams, 
I suppose) Maverick, of San Antonio, Texas, is a granddaughter of Robert 


Adams and Mary Terrill. and so on hack. She had the tradition that she was a 
Lynch, but did not have the line. She spoke of it to my cousin, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Williams Perry, of this city, who mentioned it to me. and I was able to 
trace it up, though at first I was confused by the existence of two Robert 
Adamses, who were Revolutionary soldiers. Mrs. Maverick's daughter married 
E. H. Terrill, of the line of Henry Terrill (first) who was our Minister to Bel- 
gium under Harrison : So that the Terrell and Adams and Lynch bloods were 
again commingled. Second : As to Governor Charles Lynch and his descend- 
ants, if he had any, I know but little that is accurate. There were four Charles 
Lynches: The immigrant (died 1753) Colonel Charles, of the Revolution (died 
in 1796), Colonel Charles again, who removed to Kentucky, and was probably 
born about 1756 or '57 — his parents having been married January 10th or 12th, 
1755. I found that he was figuring about 1803 in the Burr movement to the 
Southwest — not as a follower of Burr, but as a seller of land to him. At Burr's 
trial for treason, he testified that he had sold Burr some three hundred and fifty 
thousand acres of land on the Wichita river, in what is now Arkansas, which 
Burr said he wanted to colonize. His son Charles, if the eldest, was probably 
born, say, about 1780, so that when he became Governor of Mississippi, in 1838, 
he was, say, fifty-eight years of age. He lived some twenty years longer. 
Third : As to the Terrell in Texas, who is minister to Turkey, I have a " dead 
sure thing " on his descent. His father was a doctor, but I am not certain of 
the name, whilst I think it was Christopher. His grandfather was Edward 
Terrell, whose wife was a Johnson. His great-grandfather was David Terrell 
(second), who married three scions of the Johnson family during his checkered 
matrimonial career. This David was the eldest son of David (first) and 
a brother of Micajah Terrell, my ancestor, who married Sarah Lynch, daughter 
of the 'immigrant.' David (first) was brother of Henry (first), of Joel, Sr., 
of Anna Lewis, and of several others, and they were the children of William 
and Susanna Terrell, beyond whom we have not been able to go with any cer- 
tainty. Anne Terrell, daughter of Henry (first), married Colonel Charles 
Lynch, January 10 or 12, 1755, in Quaker meeting, she being about fourteen 
or fifteen years of age. On the same day her sister Betty, two years older, 
married Zachariah Moorman, whose mother, Rachel, was a daughter of old 
Christopher Clark. I had A. W. Terrell's genealogy, back to Henry (second), 
from himself, etc. He has a silver mounted jug, which tradition says, was 
brought from England some two hundred years ago, by our ancestress, Anne 
Terrell. Fourth, as to the other Texas Terrells, Robert Adams Terrell, born 
at Murfreesboro, Term., was a son of James Terrell, of Virginia. He was born 
in 1820, his parents moved to Boone county, Ky., in 1830, and thence to 
Booneville, Mo., in 1835. He afterwards went to Kaufman county, Texas. 
His mother had a brother, 'Kit' (Christopher) Adams, at Iberville Parish. 
La. Terrell, Texas, was named after him. He had a brother, George Whit- 
field. They all seem to have been prominent in Texas. John L. Terrell, an 


attorney at Terrell, Texas, is a son of R. A. (Robert Adams) Terrell. I have 
no doubt these were the Terrells you were thinking of," etc. [End of extract 
from Mr. Carroll's letter of April 5, 1896.] 

The Adams family have always claimed a high descent, tracing back from 
Charles the Bald, of France, to Charlemagne, through their ancestress, Princess 
Gundred, a daughter of William the Conqueror, who married William de 
Warren, the Earl of Surrey, who died in 1089, leaving, among other children, 
one Lady Editha de Warren, who married Gerald de Gournai, and had a son, 
Hugh de Gournai, who married first, Beatrix, daughter of the Count of 
Vermandois ; on her death he married Millicent, daughter of Lord Courcy, 
and they had a son, Hugh de Gournai, who died in 1180, having married Lady 
Julia Damp-Martin, and by this marriage there were two children, Ansaline 
and Borson de Gournai. Borson married and had a son, Robert, who married 
and was father of John de Gournai, and this John married a lady named 
"Olivia," and had but one child, Lady Elizabeth de Gournai or Gourney, who 
married Sir John Ap Adam, of Wales, in 1291. Sir John Ap Adam died in 
1309, and it is from him and his wife Elizabeth that -the American Adamses 

For mention of the marriage of Princess Gundred and the Earl of Surrey, 
see preface to Doyle's "Official Baronage of England," under the head of 
"marriages." "The History of the Adams Family," by Henry Whittemore, 
and published by Willis McDonald & Co., of New York City, has this to say 
of the English Adamses : 

"The earliest record of the English branch of the Adams family, is that 
of John Ap Adam, of Charlton Adam, in Somersetshire, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of and heiress to John, Lord Gourney, of Beviston and Tidenham, 
county of Gloucestershire, who was summoned to Parliament as Baron of the 
Realm, 1296 to 1307. In the upper part of a gothic window on the southeast 
side of Tidenham church, near Chopston, the name of 'Johes AB Adam, 
1 310,' and Arms: Argent, on a cross gules, five mullets, or,' of Lord Ap 
Adam, are still to be found beautifully executed in stained glass of great thick- 
ness and in perfect preservation. It originally stood within the boundary of 
Wales, but at a later period the boundary line was changed and it now stands 
on English soil. The arms and crest borne by the family are described as — 
Arms : Argent, on a cross gules, five mullets, or. Crest : Out of a ducal coro- 
net, a demi-lion. Motto: ' Loyal au Mort.' A motto commonly used by 
this branch of the Adams family (the Northern branch) is 'Aspire, Persevere 
and Indulge Not;' still another is 'Sub Cruce Veritas.' Ap Adam (first) 
came out of the Marches of Wales. Lords of the Marches were noble- 
men who, in the early ages, inhabited and secured the Marches of Wales and 
Scotland, ruling as if they were petty kings, with their private laws; these 
were subsequently abolished. " 

In connection with the above extract from the "Adams History " the two 


following letters, written respectively by Mrs. Flora Adams Darling and Mrs. 
Leroy Sunderland Smith, of New York, will be of interest: 

"New York, May 8, 1895. 
' ' Mrs. George B. Saunders : 

' ' Dear Madam : Pardon my seeming neglect in allowing your interesting 
letter to remain so long unanswered, etc. I know we are kindred of a remote 
degree, all springing from the same ancestral tree, planted in Wales, grafted in 
Scotland and England. Your line, names, dates, events are all correct. I 
refer you to my sister, who is Historian General, United States Daughters, to 
give you the data, etc. There was an article on Ap Adam's pedigree in the 
'Daughters of the Revolution,' published 64 Madison Avenue, New York, 
October, 1 894, etc., but, in the ' Historical Register ' and other books of peerage, 
both in this country and England, our ancestress, the daughter of William the 
Conqueror, is in direct line, through Charles the Bald, to Charlemagne, the 
great conqueror of the West, but we are willing to rest on Henry, Richard, 
Thomas and Robert, the founders of the several Adams families in this country 
and others in the old. The study of lineage is not only instructive, but inter- 
esting, and your own is specially desirable, united with the Lynch family. 
Such men as Generals Dan and Wirt Adams, proved by deeds they were sons 
of illustrous sires, and you can proudly continue your work and enjoy the 
laurels of ancestry. "Faithfully, 

"Flora Adams Darling, 
"Founder-General Daughters of Revolution." 

Mrs. Leroy Smith's letter is as follows : 

"Dear Madam : My sister, Mrs. Darling, requested me to write you what 
I know of your branch of the Adams family, instead of which I forward you a 
book containing all I know, etc. I shall be pleased to assist you in your re- 
searches at any time. We have traced our family back in Europe to Charle- 
magne. Hoping the book may be of some service to you, I remain cordially 
your kinswoman, "Sadie Adams Smith." 

Penelope Lynch, wife of Captain Robert Adams, Jr., of the Revolution, 
was a daughter of Charles Lynch, Sr. (the first of his name in Virginia), and 
his wife, Sarah Clark, the daughter of Christopher and Penelope Clark, of 
Louisa county, Va. Robert Adams, Jr., had a sister, Judith Adams, born in 
1 7 16, and married to Micajah Clark (born 1718), a son of Christopher Clark. 
Besides Judith, there were two more Adams sisters, who married two brothers, 
Achilles and Charles Moorman, or Moreman, as the name is sometimes 
spelled. There was a third Moorman brother, Thomas, who married Rachel, 
the daughter of Christopher and Penelope Clark. Judith Adams and her hus- 


band, Micajah Clark, had among other children a son named Robert Clark, 
and his sons moved to Kentucky and became prominent settlers of that state, 
Clark county, Ky., is named for them. Among Robert Clark's descendants in 
Kentucky, may be mentioned, Governor James Clark, Patterson Clark, Gen. 
George Rogers Clark, Bennett Clark, Christopher Clark and the Hon. John B. 
Clark, of Missouri, a son of Bennett Clark. 

The " immigrant," Charles Lynch, was thirteen years old when he arrived 
in Norfolk. The date of his arrival is not certain, but is said to be anywhere from 
1 718 to 1720. On attaining manhood he married Sarah, the daughter of his 
benefactor, Christopher Clark. The will of Charles Lynch, " the immigrant," 
is on record in Albemarle courthouse, and was probated in 1753, the year of 
his death. His widow, Sarah Clark Lynch, afterwards married Major John 
Ward, of the " Dan river country." They had no children, and their marriage 
license is recorded in Bedford courthouse, and is issued to John Ward, widower, 
and Sarah Lynch, widow, December 17, 1766. It is an odd coincidence that 
Christopher, son of Major Charles Lynch and Sarah Clark, should have married 
Anne Ward, daughter of Major John Ward, just about a year before his 
mother was married to his father-in-law. The license is issued to " Christo- 
pher Lynch, bachelor, and Anne Ward, spinster, October 15, 1765." Charles 
and Sarah Clark Lynch had the following family, viz. : 

1. Penelope Lynch who married Captain Robert Adams, Jr., of the 


2. Colonel Charles Lynch, of the Revolution, the sponsor of "lynch law" 

(born in 1736, died 1796), who married Anna Terrell, the daughter 
of Henry Terrell (first). She was born in 1739, and died 1804. 

3. John Lynch, the founder of Lynchburg, Va. , who married Miss Mary 


4. Sarah Lynch, who married Micajah Terrell. 

5. Christopher Lynch, who married Anne Ward, and had but one child, 

Penelope, who died in infancy. 
Major Charles Lynch (husband of Sarah Clark) was a member of the House 
of Burgesses from 1747 to 175 1, representing the counties of Campbell and 
Bedford (see Burke's "History of Virginia," volume third, page 133, and also 
volume fourth of same). Mrs. Cabell in "Sketches and Recollections of 
Lynchburg," says: "Mr. Lynch represented the counties of Campbell and 
Bedford in the House of Burgesses, which then sat at Williamsburg, and he was 
elected to that honorable office without his knowledge," etc. "Soon after his 
death, on the division of his property, his son John became heir to the spot on 
which Lynchburg now stands, and by. him it was vested in the hands of trustees 
to be laid off in lots for the erection of a town," etc. "Mr. Lynch (the 
immigrant) was said to possess naturally pleasing and graceful manners. He 
married, when quite young, a Miss Clark, a young lady belonging to a wealthy 
and prominent family. It may not be altogether uninteresting to some to relate 


a little incident in connection with this lady. Miss Clark and three other sisters 
married about the same time. Each of these sisters received on her marriage 
half a dozen silver spoons. As may be imagined, silver spoons were rare 
articles in the British Colonies. One of these spoons has descended and is now 
in the possession of one of the family, who keeps it as a precious relic of the 
past. It has been stated in an extract from the St. Louis Republican that 
.Mr. Lynch took up a large body of land on the James river, in sight of the 
Peaks of Otter. He made his home at Chestnut Hill, just below Lynchburg, 
which place was afterward owned by Judge Edmond Winston, whose family 
was also connected and related to the Clark family into which Mr. Lynch 

The above extracts are taken from Sketches and Recollections of Lynch- 
burg, published by C. H.- Wynne, of Richmond, in 1858, and written by Mrs. 
Cabell, whose maiden name was Mary Anna Anthony, and who was a lineal 
descendant of Christopher Clark, through his daughter, who married an 
Anthony. The Clark family were of English descent. It is not known 
exactly when they came to America, but it is probable that they came by way 
of Barbadoes, for in the list of inhabitants of Christ Church Parish, Barbadoes, 
in 1680, appear the names of Christopher, Francis, Thomas and Edward Clark 
as land and slave owners. It is very probable that the Clarks who settled in 
the West Indies, emigrated thence to Virginia, especially as the family names 
are the same. In 1705 and 1706, we find in the land records of Virginia, one 
Christopher Clark, buying lands on Cedar creek, Hanover county, propably the 
father of Christopher, whose daughter Sarah married Charles Lynch — " the 
immigrant." The Clark and Moorman families came to Virginia about the 
same time, and settled first in the same locality; they were friends, and some 
think relatives, in England before they emigrated. There were many inter- 
marriages between the two families in Virginia. There are two traditions in 
regard to the first Moormans ; one is that Charles Moorman, the progenitor of 
the family in the United States, came from England, bringing his sons Thomas, 
Achilles, Charles and Robert with him, and settled at Green Springs in Louisa 
county, Virginia; the other is that Thomas, Achilles and Charles Moorman, 
brothers, came from England and settled in Albemarle county. These three 
Moorman brothers were among the first settlers in Albemarle, and there is a 
stream of some size in that county called "Moorman's river" to this day. 
Thomas Moorman married Rachael Clark, daughter of Christopher and Penelope 
Clark, and Achilles and Charles Moorman each married a sister of Captain 
"Robin" or Robert Adams, Jr.; and the third Adams sister, Judith, married 
Micajah Clark, the son of Christopher and the brother of Rachael Clark, wife of 
Thomas Moorman. 

The will of Christopher Clark is on record in Louisa county, dated August 
14, 1741, and proved May 28, 1754. The legatees are: Daughters, Agnes 
Johnson, Rachel Moorman, Sarah Lynch; sons, Micajah, Bowling and Edward 


Clark; granddaughter, Penelope Lynch (afterwards wife of Robert Adams, Jr.), 
and wife Penelope Clark. To his son Edward he willed, " my trooping arms, 
my great Bible, and all my law books." Christopher Clark was captain of a 
company of troopers in the French and Indian wars, and it is evident that the 
trooping arms " bequeathed to his son Edward were relics of that war. It has 
so far been impossible to definitely settle the question of the family name of 
Christopher Clark's wife, Penelope. There is a strong supposition, however, 
that she was a Massie, and these Massies were kin to the Benjamin Johnson 
who married Christopher Clark's daughter, Agnes ; both Massies and Johnsons 
are said to be lineal descendants of the Earl of Shaftesbury, the former pro- 
prietor of the Carolinas, and the one who named Charleston for King Charles 
of England, and gave to the two rivers near it his own family names of Ashley 
and Cooper. Gershom Perdue, the "Venerable Quaker," says that Christopher 
Clark's daughter, Agnes, married " Benjamin Johnson, the son of Sir Andrew 
Johnson, a Scotchman," and alludes to these Johnsons, as "an ancient family of 
Friends of high descent, from Scotland." 

The arms of the Lynches of Galway, and of the Virginia Lynches, are as 
follows: Shield, azure, on which is a design of a chevron between three trefoil 
leaves, argent; crest, a lynx, passant guardant; motto, "Semper Fidelis." 
There is a pretty tradition regarding the origin of the Lynch arms. It is said, 
that in olden days, an ancestor defended a castle or town so bravely and 
determinedly, that provisions giving out, rather than surrender he forced his 
garrison to eat trefoil leaves. His bravery won the day, and in recognition of 
his services he was knighted by his sovereign, who gave him the above as his 
coat of arms. Mention is made of the Lynches in Hardiman's "History of 
Galway," in Haverty's "Irish-American Almanac," and in John Burke's 
"History of Virginia." Burke says (volume third, page 133): "The new 
Assembly met, agreeably to prorogation, on the third of November (1748)." 
By an inspection it will be seen that it contained some of the most respectable 
names in Virginia. Note: The following is a list of the Burgesses elected from 
the several counties to serve in the present General Assembly, viz. : For 
Accomac, Thomas Parramore, Edward Allen ; Albemarle, Joshua Fry, Charles 
Lynch, etc. (this was Major Charles Lynch, the immigrant). The following 
extracts, taken from "The Cabells and Their Kin," by Alexander Brown, are 
of importance, as they contain much valuable information concerning the allied 
families of Adams, Lynch, Clark, etc. On page 48, is this bit of information : 
'The first Court of Albemarle County met January 24, 1744, to February 4, 
1745. The records are not complete, the court minutes between 1748 and 
1783, a very important period, are missing. The first justices were, Joshua 
Fry, presiding; William Cabell, etc., Charles Lynch, etc. On page 49, 
" Among the first sheriffs is mentioned Charles Lynch, 1749 to 1751." "June 
Court, 1745 — William Cabell, Charles Lynch and others, produced commissions 
from the governor as captains and took the usual oath." "August Court, 


1745 — Charles Lynch given leave to keep a ferry from his land across the North 
river (Rivanna) to the opposite side, William Cabell his security." 

Page 69 has the following: "In 1749 a meeting (i. e. Quaker meeting) 
was settled near the Sugar Loaf mountains, with Christopher Clark, Sr., and 
Howling Clark as overseers. This meeting (then in Louisa) was in the present 
Albemarle, near Stony Point. The road between the Camp Creek Quakers 
and the Sugar Loaf mountains was called "Clark's Track," it went across 
Machump's creek, through the gap in the southeast mountains, between Castle 
Hill and Grace Church. The Clarks were among the first settlers beyond the 
Chestnut mountains." Tenth, 8th month, 1754, Friends at South River, in Albe- 
marle, petition that they have a meeting established among them. It was 
granted on the 12th of the 10th month, 1754, and Bowlen and Edward Clark 
were appointed overseers of the week-day meeting, at South River. This 
meeting was south of the river (some three or four miles south of the present 
Lynchburg), on Lynch's Creek, of Blackwater. It was then in Albemarle, but 
after January first following, in old Bedford (now Campbell) county. It was 
located on the land of Mrs. Sarah Lynch (sister of Bowlen and Edward Clark, 
the overseers), widow of Major Charles Lynch, the emigrant, some time burgess 
from Albemarle, for whom Lynch's river was named. He was not a Quaker. 
His wife, a daughter of Christopher Clark, Sr. (one of the first overseers of 
Sugar Loaf meeting), joined the society in 1750, about which time he removed 
from his former home near Lynch's Ferry, on the Rivanna (North Fork), and 
settled on his lands near the future Lynch's Ferry, on the Fluvanna (the South 
Fork of James river), where he died in 1753. His widow qualified as executrix 
of his will May 10th, 1753, with John Anthony, William Cabell and Joseph 
Anthony as her securities. Joseph Anthony was her brother-in-law. Her 
son, John Lynch, then about fourteen years old, was afterwards the founder of 

On page 71, is this: "Among the first of the leading men to leave (the 
Quakers), was Charles Lynch, Jr., one of the founders of the South River 
meeting, and clerk of that meeting from 15th of July, 1758, to about 1767, 
when he left the society and afterwards became a Colonel in the Revolutionary 
army." On page 321 we find that Christopher Anthony, Sr. , "moved to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, about 1814, and died there October 28, 1815. He was a son 
of Joseph Anthony, by his wife, Elizabeth Clark (sister to Edward, Bowling and 
Micajah Clark, and to the wives of Benjamin Johnson, Thomas Moorman and 
Charles Lynch, Sr.), daughter of Christopher Clark, of Louisa county, who, on 
June 16, 1722, in partnership with Nicholas Merewether, patented 972 acres in 
Hanover. From 1722 to 1739, he patented 4,926 acres in his own name in the 
same county." "In 1742 he was one of the first justices of Louisa county." 
" In the will of Nicholas Merewether (dated December 12, 1743), he is called 
Captain," etc. " He was not an original Quaker, but joined the society between 
1743 and 1749." On page 38 we find that, "in 1741, Wade Netherlands, 


Richard Mosby, etc., Charles Lynch, etc., were justices of the peace for the 
county of Goochland (formed in 1728)." On page 47, "The first court (of 
Louisa county) was held on December 13 to 24, 1742, with the following 
justices: Robert Lewis, presiding; Christopher Clark," etc., "gents." On 
page 366, we find that, "in 1780, co-operating with Colonel William Preston, 
Colonel Charles Lynch, Captain Robert Adams, Jr., and other faithful citizens, 
he (Colonel James Callaway) suppressed a conspiracy against the common- 
wealth, by measures 'not strictly warranted by law, although justifiable from 
the imminence of the danger.' (See Hening's Statutes of Virginia). The 
conspirators (Tories) were tried before a sort of drum-head court martial, 
Colonel Charles Lynch acting as judge, and were condemned to be punished 
in various ways. This was the origin in our statutes of the term lynch law." 
The above extracts, all taken from the "Cabells and their Kin," are of more 
than usual interest, from the fact that that book was written by Mr. Alexander 
Brown, who is generally conceded to be one of the best informed of the gene- 
alogists and historians of this day in Virginia. Mr. Brown's wife is also a 
lineal descendant of Christopher Clark, Sr. 

As "lynch law" has become, in our day, one of the problems of the 
century, it will be best to give a more full and detailed account of what it really 
was in its inception, and how Colonel Charles Lynch's name came to be used in 
connection with it. The following article on this subject was written by Robert 
W. Carroll, and published first in the Chicago "Inter Ocean," and afterwards 
in the Atlanta "Constitution," of December 30th, 1888: 

"A name or term often takes hold on the popular imagination, and when 
by general or continued use it is admitted to hold a place in the language, its 
origin has a certain interest, and is at least entitled to historical fairness in its 
investigation. Of such is the term 'lynch law,' now constantly heard wherever 
the English language is spoken. The modern dictionaries have accepted it, 
giving it a definition and even a local origin, and some of the encyclopaedias have 
treated it as entitled to notice. Possibly its birth ought to be well known ; but 
there seems to be a lack of exact information on the subject. An article from 
your columns, partly devoted to 'lynch law,' is going the rounds of the 
newspapers, and it may serve me with an excuse for intruding on you with an 
attempt to state facts. 

" Your contributor wrote from Lynchburg, Va., and ascribed the source 
of the term to one John Lynch, whom he represented as having owned a terry at 
the site of Lynchburg; as having got a commission as justice of the peace; as 
having summarily tried horse thieves ; and as having, after conviction, sent the 
criminals off in the custody of constables, with the understanding that they were 
to be hung to the first convenient tree, when fairly out of sight of the court. 
This account is not correct as to the person whose name will go down to pos- 
terity, in this connection, nor as to the manner of procedure. John Lynch 
inherited from his father the site of Lynchburg, then a ferry crossing of James 


river, and in 1786, founded the present city, where he lived till 1821, when he 
died, respected and beloved by all who knew him. Instead of being a man 
likely to use such bloody methods of punishments as are attributed to him, he 
was an exemplary member of the Society of Friends, whose fundamental teach- 
ing was ' Glory to God in the highest, and on earth, peace and good will 
towards men,' and which under all circumstances held human life sacred. He 
lived and died a Quaker, a gentle, humble man of peace, guiltless of the blood 
of any human being. None of the earlier English lexicographers, such as 
Johnson, Walker, Richardson and Boag, give the term ' lynch law ' or the word 
'lynched.' Webster and Worcester define both ; whilst Craig, Edinburgh edition 
of 1859, has 'to lynch,' and characterizes it as an Americanism. Webster's 
definition of ' lynch law ' is, the practice of punishing men for crimes b}- ' private, 
unauthorized persons, without a legal trial ' ; adding, ' the term is said to be de- 
rived from a Virginia farmer who thus took the law into his own hands.' 
Worcester has the same, while Nuttall, London edition, falls into the error of 
naming the Virginia farmer John Lynch. From the time Cain slew Abel, men 
have, without the forms of law, taken punishment into their own unauthorized 
hands, dealing it to others, as whim, or passion, or revenge, or imagined neces- 
sity may have suggested. Often these outbursts have been organized efforts, 
possessing a certain judicial character; and sometimes they have protected 
society when official action has failed, as in the punishment of gamblers at 
Natchez and San Francisco; and when a burst of patriotic fury resulted in 
emptying British imported tea into Boston harbor, the spirit of liberty was 
aroused throughout the colonies. But such organizations as the 'Kuklux,' the 
* Mollie Maguires,' and the 'White Caps,' have not been disinterested or neces- 
sary; rather, the result of combinations to terrorize or drive out the weak and 
unprotected. A designation of this method of illegal action, other than that of 
mob law, has seldom been used. In a part of England, many centuries ago, 
it was called ' Lydford Law,' but that never became more than a local term; 
a Devonshire poet wrote of it: 

" ' I have oft heard of Lydford law, 

How in the morn they hang and draw, 
And sit in judgment after.' 

"A castle on the hill was mentioned, where accused persons were imprisoned 
till trial, which does not seem to have been an inviting place to sojourn : 

" ' To be therein, one might, 'tis guessed, 
'T were better to be stoned and pressed, 
Or hanged; now choose you whether. ' 

"Some people preferred 'to hang out of the way, than tarry for a trial. 
Lydford Law, by this, appears to have been a boon accepted, if not adminis- 
tered, as a merciful shortening of suffering. It was provincial and failed to be 
recognized at the hands of the lexicographers; whilst 'lynch law,' though 
originally provincial, has been accepted of all men. The Encyclopaedia Brit- 


annica alludes to the claim that the term originated from the deeds of a Vir- 
ginia farmer, but intimates that it may be traced back to the act of James 
Fitzstephen Lynch, mayor of Galway, Ireland, in 1493, 'who is said to have 
hanged his own son out of the window for defrauding and killing strangers, 
without martial or common law, to show a good example to posterity.' The 
most authentic account of this event is to be found in Hardiman's History of 
Galway, and in Hoverty's Irish-American Almanac, and it ignores the theory 
of illegal punishment. Had the term originated then and there, it would nat- 
urally have appeared in the early dictionaries, and would not have been de- 
scribed as of American origin. The facts given by Hardiman, are, in sub- 
stance, as follows: The mayor was visited at his home in Galway by the son 
of a gentleman whose hospitality he had enjoyed in Spain. His son, Walter 
Lynch, was betrothed to a young lady of Galway. Walter became suspicious 
of the attentions of the Spaniard to his lady-love, and, in a fit of jealous rage, 
struck a poignard to his heart and plunged his body into the sea. ' In a few 
days,' proceeds the chronicle, 'the trial of Walter Lynch took place; a father 
was beheld sitting in judgment, like another Brutus, on his only child, and like 
him too, condemning that son to die, as a sacrifice to public justice.' Though 
the sympathy of the citizens had now turned in favor of the son, and every 
effort was made, even to popular tumult, to effect his pardon, the father ' un- 
dauntedly declared that the law should take its course.' The mayor assisted 
the executioner to lead the culprit towards the place of punishment, but they 
were impeded by the appearance of a mob, led by members of the mother's 
family, demanding mercy. Finding he could not ' accomplish the ends of jus- 
tice at the accustomed place and by the usual hands, he, by a desperate victory 
over parental feeling, resolved himself to perform the sacrifice which he had 
vowed to pay on its altar.' Still retaining a hold of his unfortunate son, he 
mounted with him, by a winding stair within the building that led to an arched 
window overlooking the street, which he saw filled with the populace. Here 
he secured the end of the rope, which he previously fixed around the neck of 
his son, to an iron staple, which projected from the wall, and, after taking from 
him a last embrace, he launched him into eternity. The people, 'overawed 
by the magnanimous act, retired slowly and peacefully to their several dwell- 
ings.' The house is said to be yet standing in Lombard street, which is now 
known by the name of 'Dead Man's Lane.' Over the front doorway are to 
be seen a skull and cross-bones executed in black marble, with the motto : 
'Remember Deathe ; Vanitie of Vanities, and All is but Vanities.' However 
we may admire or condemn the stern sense of justice and hospitality, which 
led this Irish father .to administer the law upon his own son, it can not be said 
that the punishment was inflicted by ' private, unauthorized persons, without 
a legal trial. ' On the contrary it was the infliction of a legal penalty, by an 
authorized official, after a regular trial, and in the teeth of a popular clamor. 
Although the term ' lynch law ' did not become a part of the language by 


reason of this act, it did originate in the actions of a descendant of the Lynches 
of Galway, of which the mayor, was, at that time, a prominent representative. 
According to Hardiman and D'Alton, the Lynch family came to Ireland with 
the first English invaders, over six hundred and eighty years ago. A younger 
son migrated westward, to Galway, 'where his line acquired much property, 
and until the middle of the seventeenth century, was one of its most influential 
families.' I'eirce Lynch was the first mayor of Galway, i 184; and during the 
next two hundred years, no less than eighty-four mayors were Lynches. Of this 
ancient stock was Charles Lynch, the progenitor of the Virginia family of that 
name. Early in the eighteenth century, as a truant schoolboy, he was punished 
by his mother and sent back to his books. Not fancying the prospect of further 
discipline at the hands of his teacher, he went aboard a vessel just ready to sail 
for the new world, and was soon afloat on the rough Atlantic, without money 
and without friends. On arriving out, the captain, as was the custom in those 
days, put the Irish boy up for sale to the highest bidder, to work out his 
passage money. His bright appearance and the story of his adventure, attracted 
the attention and moved the sympathy of Christopher Clark, a rich Virginia 
planter, who bought his services and took him home. He was treated as a son, 
and grew up to manhood, developing ability and unusual energy. He made 
use of his opportunities in cultivating the affections of Sarah Clark, the daughter 
of his protector, whom, in the course of time, he married. They settled in 
Albemarle county. 

"Charles Lynch, the immigrant, accumulated land rapidly, some of it on 
the James river at the present site of Lynchburg, and some of it on the Staun- 
ton. In its distribution the James river property fell to the lot of John 
Lynch ; whilst that on the Staunton was set off to Charles Lynch, who settled 
upon its broad acres and lived the life of a rich planter, in the midst of his 
family and slaves. 

" From 1725 to the period of the Revolution, Quakerism made rapid progress 
in Virginia, thriving, as usual, under persecution. Among the converts were 
the Clark, Terrell and Lynch families. Sarah Clark Lynch carried her children 
with her into the society, and organized in her own house, and with her family 
only, the first Quaker meeting near ' Lynch's Ferry ' — a meeting that after- 
wards expanded into large proportions. Charles Lynch, second of the ;\ime, 
from the date of his marriage, in 1755, was an active and influential member of 
the Society of Friends during ten years, being most of the time clerk of the 
monthly meeting. Whatever may have been the process of decline, as the 
Quakers doubtless thought it, he became 'unsatisfactory' to the society, 
and in 1767 was ' disowned ' for 'taking solemn oaths, contrary to the order 
and discipline of Friends, ' as the minutes of the meeting express it. Though 
Charles Lynch ceased to be a Quaker, he did not lose the leading position 
among the people of his section of Virginia, which his ability and force of 
character had secured. From the beginning of the controversy between the 


colonies and England he was an ardent Whig patriot. When the Revolution 
broke out he naturally and easily came to the front as a leader. While the 
majority of the people were patriotic Whigs, there were yet many Tories who 
sympathized with and sustained the English government and confidently counted 
on the failure of the revolt. As in all disturbed conditions of society, the 
worthless and dishonest and criminal classes came to the surface to add to the 
confusion and strife which afflicted the country. Generally these tories and 
outlaws were dealt with by voluntary organizations of counties, or towns, or 
neighborhoods. In the sparsely settled region of Virginia, near the mountains, 
tories, tramps, horse thieves and other outlaws abounded, and there were no 
courts or other legal organizations capable of dealing with them. Having 
repudiated allegiance to England, it was by slow degrees that the Revolutionary 
government could supply the necessary local organizations. In this emergency, 
Charles Lynch took his place at the head of the Whig party in his section of 
the colony, and proceeded to suppress lawlessness without the authority of 
law, and indeed, without asking the people around him for permission to repre- 
sent them. He was so eminently a leader and so efficient in his operations, 
that scarcely any names are mentioned in this connection save his. How it 
happened that a plain planter in this remote district of country, so vividly im- 
pressed the popular imagination that his name became identified, probably for 
all time, with mob violence, can only be explained on the theory that his 
methods were striking, and his individuality pronounced and picturesque. 
What his course of procedure was, is not clearly known, as there were no con- 
temporaneous newspaper writers to report the trials at which he presided. In 
1844, Howe's ' Historical Collections of Virginia,' made a record of the accepted 
legends of that period, and soon after, ' Recollections of Lynchburg ' sub- 
stantially gave the same narrative. The traditions of the Lynch family and 
the immediate neighborhood fairly agree with these more formal historical 
references, but they contain more details. These traditions are that Charles 
Lynch and two neighbors, Robert Adams, Jr., and James Callaway, all men of 
wealth and influence, took it upon themselves to protect society and support 
the Revolutionary government in the region of Staunton river. Charles Lynch 
had a band of men in his special service, who were sent out by him into the 
various parts of the country to overawe the Tories, and bring in for trial anyone 
accused or suspected of correspondence with the enemy, or of acts subversive 
of social order. Trials were held at the residence of Colonel Lynch, on the 
Staunton river, who uniformly presided as judge, with Captains Adams and 
Callaway as his associates and advisers. The alleged culprit was brought face 
to face with his accuser, heard the testimony against him and was permitted to 
call witnesses, and be heard in his own defense. If acquitted, he was let go, 
often with apologies and reparation. If convicted, sentence followed promptly, 
and punishment was summarily inflicted, there being no higher court to inter- 
pose the law's delay. Stripes on the bare back, or banishment or both, closed 


the scene. However, those found guilty of blatant disloyalty to the Continental 
Congress, were whipped and then suspended by the thumbs, until they shouted, 
' Liberty forever ! ' the latter penalty indicating a sentimental fervor of patriotism 
in the heart of the judge. A walnut tree growing in the corner of Colonel 
Lynch's yard was the place of execution, and many a 'Tory' hung by his 
thumbs to its spreading boughs, until he recanted his disloyalty. The resi- 
dence, which stood about two miles from 'Lynch station,' was burned down 
a few years ago; but the venerable walnut tree escaped destruction, and yet 
lives, the dumb witness of the doom of man)- Tories and outlaws. Although 
' lynch law' is associated in the popular mind with the idea of the death pen- 
alty, yet it is a curious fact that in no instance was the culprit condemned to 
die by the original Judge Lynch. This remarkable exemption was clearly the 
result of the strain of Quakerism, which no wordly association had yet been 
able to eradicate. As the war progressed, Charles Lynch so far left behind 
him the principles of his early life, as to raise and command a regiment of rifle- 
men. He joined the army of General Greene, himself a scion of Quaker 
stock, then dodging Lord Cornwallis through North and South Carolina. 

"At the battle of Guilford Court House, fought March 15, 1 781, Colonel 
Lynch's regiment, reduced to two hundred men, held position on the right 
flank of Greene's army and did gallant service. Not long after the war closed, 
Colonel Lynch died, leaving a large estate and the savor of a good name to his 
family. He was buried in the graveyard on his homestead plantation, and the 
following inscription is found on his tombstone : ' In memory of Colonel 
Charles Lynch, a zealous and active patriot; died October 29, 1796, aged sixty 
years.' The descendants of Charles Lynch's neighbors, as well as his family, 
recognize him as the Lynch who gave a name to mob law. An old song 
relating to the deeds of Lynch, Adams and Callaway, is still remembered and 
repeated in part, by some of the old people of Campbell county. The refrain 
was : 

"  Hurrah for Colonel Lynch, Captains Bob and Callaway, 
They never turned a Tory loose, until he shouted. Liberty! ' 

" I am indebted to Judge Ward, of Lynch's Station, for some of the traditions 
mentioned, and for the extract from the old song. He says: ' It goes without 
doubt, by nearly everybody in this section of Campbell county, that Colonel 
Charles Lynch was the founder of the lynch law. It has been handed down 
from sire to son, in this part of the country, for generations, and they all believe 
it as much as they do the history of George Washington, or any other known 
character of the Revolution.' One grandson of Colonel Charles Lynch, fourth 
of the name in this country, became governor of the territory of Mississippi 
(he was governor from 1836 to 1838), but the male line of descent is now 
extinct. Though the original immigrant from Galway has innumerable descend- 
ants living, Miss Mary Lynch, of Covington, Ky., is the only one of them 
bearing the name of Lynch. She is the granddaughter of the gentle John 



Lynch — founder of Lynchburg — whose name, has, by some authorities, been 
incorrectly substituted for that of his brother, Charles, in connection with the 
term 'lynch law.' " 

Colonel Charles Lynch was a member of the House of Burgesses previous 
to the Revolution. In Burke's " History of Virginia" (Volume III., page 135) is 
the following: "The Assembly met May II, 1769, and passed some resolutions 
to the effect that the taxation of the colony should be in the hands of the 
burgesses, and that the trials for treason, felony, etc., should take place in 
the colony. The next day the Governor (Botetourt) addressed the House of 
Burgesses as follows: 'I have heard of your resolves, and augur ill of their 
effects; you have made it my duty to dissolve you, and you are dissolved 
accordingly.' The members retired to a private house in the city and 
'adopted' a non-importation agreement, which was unanimously 'signed,' and 
then sent out to the counties for other signatures. Among the number sign- 
ing were Peyton Randolph, Robert Carter Nicholas, Richard Henry Lee, 
George Washington, Patrick Henry, Jr. , and Charles Lynch. " 

Colonel Charles Lynch was also a member of the House of Burgesses 
from 1774 to 1775, and both he and his brother-in-law, "Captain 
Bob" Adams, Jr., were prominent patriots of the Revolution. In Hening's 
"Statutes At Large of Virginia," is found the following act, passed October, 
1782, reciting that, "in the year 1780, divers evil-disposed persons formed a 
conspiracy, and did actually attempt to levy war against the commonwealth ; 
and, it being represented to the present General Assembly that William Preston, 
Robert Adams, Jr., James Callaway and Charles Lynch, and other faithful 
citizens, aided by detachments of volunteers from different parts of the state, 
did, by timely and effectual measures, suppress such conspiracy ; and whereas, 
the measures taken for that purpose may not be strictly warranted by law, 
though justifiable from the imminence of the danger, therefore, it was enacted 
that the persons named, and all other persons concerned, should be fully 
indemnified and exonerated from all penalties, - ' etc. 

Robert Adams, Jr., as elsewhere stated, was the son of Robert Adams, 
Sr., by his wife, Mary Lewis, the daughter of William Lewis, a descendant of 
one John Lewis, the founder of the Lewis family in Virginia. John Lewis, 
the immigrant, married the Lady Lynne, a daughter of the Laird of Loch 
Lynne, Scotland, and their descendants were prominent in the settlement of 
Augusta county, Va. (See Howe's History of Virginia, page 181.) Some of 
the Lewises, after the Revolution, intermarried with the Irvine family. (See 
" Cabells and Their Kin.") Robert Adams, Sr., and Mary Lewis had a large 
family. Their sons were named William, James, Joel and Robert, Jr., and they 
also had three daughters that we know of, viz. : Judith (born 1716), who 
married Micajah Clark, son of Christopher Clark, Sr. , and the two remaining 
daughters married two brothers Moorman, named, respectively, Achilles and 


Charles. I think these two Mesdames Moorman were named Mary and Margaret, 
but of this there is no certainty. Robert Adams, Jr., married, as we already 
know, Penelope Lynch, a daughter of Major Charles Lynch and his wife, 
Sarah Clark, who was a daughter of Captain Christopher Clark and his wife, 
Penelope. Captain "Robin" Adams, Jr., and Penelope Lynch, his wife, had 
the following family, viz. : 

1. Charles Lynch Adams, who married Elizabeth Tunstall. 

2. Robert Adams, who married Mary Terrill, a daughter of Joel Terrill, 

Jr., and of his wife, Anna Lewis (this Anna Lewis being a daughter 
of David Lewis and his wife, Anna Terrill, hence Joel Terrill, Jr., anil 
his wife, Anna Lewis, were first cousins). 

3. James Adams, who married Mary Irvine, daughter of David and Jane 

Kyle Irvine, of Bedford county, Va., and granddaughter of William 

4. Mildred Adams, who married William Ward. 

5. Elizabeth Adams, who married Colonel James Deering, of the Revolu 

tionary army, and among their children was a son, Colonel James 
Griffin Deering, who married Mary Anna Lynch (born 1H02, died 
1892), the daughter of Anselm Lynch and his wife, "the widow, 
Susan Baldwin, nee Miller." Anselm Lynch, was son of Colonel 
Charles Lynch (founder of "lynch law") and of his wife, Anna 
Terrell. Colonel James Griffin Deering and his wife, Mary Anna 
Lynch, had, among other children, a son, the gallant General James 
Griffin Deering, who was killed in the Confederate service at the 
battle of Farmville, Va., and a daughter, Mary Anna Deering, who 
married Thomas Fauntleroy, of Middlesex county. Mrs. Fauntleroy 
inherited and resides at " Avoca " (at Lynch's Station), the old home 
of her great-grandfather, Colonel Charles Lynch, of the Revolution, 
and in her yard is standing, to-day, the leafless trunk of the historic 
walnut tree, upon which Judge Lynch punished "Tories" in the 
manner already set forth. In the spacious hali at " Avoca " hangs 
the sword of Colonel Lynch, a relic precious beyond expression to his 

6. Sarah Adams, who married her first cousin, Charles Lynch, son of her 

uncle, Colonel Charles Lynch and Anna Terrill (daughter of Henry 
Terrill the first). Sarah Adams Lynch and her husband moved to 
the then territory of Mississippi, and among their children were 
Charles Lynch, who was Governor of Mississippi from 1836 to 1838, 
and a daughter, Mildred Lynch, who married Stephen Smith, and 
had a daughter, Emily Lynch Smith, who became the second wife of 
her kinsman, Christopher Adams, of Iberville Parish, La., said 
Christopher being the son of James and Mary Irvine Adams. 

7. Penelope Adams, who married John Shackelford. 


8. Mourning Adams, who married a Mr. McGehee. 

9. Margaret Adams, who married John Rice Smith, of Virginia. 
10. Peggy Adams, who married Robert Johnson. 

1 1. Judith Adams, who married a Mr. White. 

Margaret Adams and John Rice Smith had a daughter, Mildred Smith, 
who married Matthew Fluornoy, of Kentucky, and they had a daughter, 
Sallie Fluornoy, who married Robert J. Ward, of Kentucky, and they had 
two sons and two daughters. One of the sons was named ' ' Matthew, " and one 
of the daughters was the famous Kentucky belle and beauty, Sallie Ward, of 
Louisville. Sallie Ward married, when quite young, Bigelow Lawrence, son of 
Abbott Lawrence, of Boston, from whom she was divorced, and she afterwards 
married Dr. Robert W. Hunt, and on his death she married Vene Armstrong. 
Being again left a widow, she married George Downs, of Louisville, who sur- 
vives her, Mrs. Downs having died in the summer of 1896, leaving but one 
child, John W. Hunt. 

Among the distinguished descendants of Captain Robert Adams, Jr., of the 
Revolution, must be mentioned Generals Daniel and William Wirt Adams, of 
the Confederacy. These two were sons of Judge George Adams, of Jackson, 
Miss., and his wife Anna Wiessiger, of Louisville, Ky., and Judge George 
Adams was son of Robert Adams and his wife, Mary Terrill, and grand- 
son of Captain Robert Adams, Jr., and Penelope Lynch. The "History of 
the Adams Family," by Henry Whittmore (while stating incorrectly the 
descent of Dan and Wirt Adams), has this to say in praise of these two gallant 
men: " Generals Dan and Wirt Adams were distinguished officers in the Con- 
federate army. General Dan Adams commanded in one of the last battles of 
the war, at Selma, Ala. With jeweled consistency, General Wirt Adams 
declined a position in the Confederate Cabinet, and rode continuously and 
fearlessly through the whirlwind of war. * * * Handsome as Philip the Fair, 
he stood six feet in his stirrups, the noblest paladin of the South who rode to 
war. At the court of Philip Augustus, he would have led the nobles, at the 
court of England he would have led the 'barons,' and, with the Crusaders he 
would have ridden abreast, with Godfrey of Bouillon or Richard Cceur de Lion. 
One of the first to step into the arena of strife, at his command the smoke of 
battle canopied the last scene of the Civil War." 

James and Mary Irvine Adams had four children, one daughter and three 
sons, viz. : Penelope Adams, Robert Adams,' Christopher Adams, and William 
Adams. Their only daughter, Penelope, married James Terrell, June 16th, 
1798. They were married by one Abner Early, and their license is recorded at 
Campbell County Courthouse, Va. They had four sons, and one daughter, viz.: 
James Terrell, Robert Adams Terrell, who died in Kaufman county, Texas, and 
for whom the town of Terrell, Texas, was named, Christopher Terrell, and 
Susan or Susanna Terrell, who married Henry Carlton, and George Whitfield 
Terrell, attorney-general of Texas. The following notice of the death of 

Erected and Owned by the Adams and Andrews Families. 


Robert Adams Terrell, was written by Judge A. B. Norton, and published in a 
Dallas, Texas, paper, in May, 1 88 1 : "During our absence the reaper, Death, 
has cut down many of our friends. Henry C. Pedigo is no more, Robert A. 
Terrell, 'Old Uncle Bob,' has been gathered in — shocks fully ripe, they were. 
* * * Uncle Bob Terrell was another of our old friends — a friend indeed; there 
was no equivocation, or disguise, or shadow upon the friendship of Bob Terrell, 
the old surveyor of Kaufman county, the old Texan, the honest and upright 
man. Terrell, the flourishing town, is named for him. All of his kin we ever 
knew were our friends, and with one and all we mingle our tears at his decease." 

The following obituary, headed "An Old Settler Gone," appeared in a 
Texas paper shortly after Robert A. Terrell's death (he died March 8th, 1881) : 

"Another veteran and pioneer of Texas, has passed to the unknown country, 
Captain Robert Adams Terrell, died at his residence in this city, last Tuesday 
evening. * * * Much of his early life was spent as a hunter and soldier on 
the Western frontier, in the Rocky mountains, and in New Mexico; and when 
the civil contest came, in 1861, he followed the flag of the Confederacy. * * * 
Throughout the war he occupied various positions of trust and honor, and at its 
close found himself a Major in rank, and returned home, broken in health, and 
seriously impaired in fortune. * * * He returned to his old homestead, and 
to the young city, to which he had given his name. 

"Captain Terrell was a model of a style of manhood that, unfortunately, 
is declining in numbers. Uncorrupted and incorruptible in integrity, stern and 
unyielding in his ideas of virtue, he was firm in his opinions when formed and 
brave in his manner of expressing them. * * * He has gone out to join the 
veteran army, whose ranks, with us, are constantly diminishing in numbers. 
With his early associate and friend, John G. Moore, whose resting place is near 
his, he sleeps under the quiet of the stars. It can be said of him that he 
'sleeps well.' The deceased was born at Murfreesboro, Tenn., February 22, 
1820. His parents immigrated to Boone county, Ky., in 1830, and thence to 
Booneville, Mo., in 1833. In 1837 he was one of Governor Boggs' juvenile 
militia to drive the Morrnons from Missouri to Nauvoo, 111., whence they were 
driven by an incensed people to the Rocky mountains in 1849. In October, 
1838, he accompanied his mother to the residence of her brother, ' Kit ' Adams 
(Christopher Adams, of Belle Grove Plantation), of Iberville Parish, La. 
Through the influence of ' Kit ' Adams he secured a position in the office of 
General Williams, then surveyor-general of Louisiana. In 1840 he joined his 
brother, George W. Terrell, in Nacogdoches, Texas. When Sam Houston was 
governor of Tennessee, George W. Terrell had filled the office of attorney- 
general of that state, and he followed Houston to Texas, and was appointed by 
him attorney-general of the Republic of Texas. In 1842, Captain Robert 
Adams Terrell received a commission as a secret agent of the republic to 
Santa Fe, New Mexico, and joined a caravan for that place, where he spent the 
winter, and was arrested and imprisoned as a spy. Meeting with Louis Valdies, 


an old schoolmate, he was released in 1843. He joined the first party of traders 
to the Missouri river, and, when in that section, joined the command of Colonel 
Snively and proceeded on the famous Santa Fe expedition. In 1846 he was 
married to Emily L. Love, daughter of Judge Love, of Nacogdoches, and soon 
afterwards moved to this county and improved his well-known homestead in 
this city. The fruits of this marriage were a large family of children, most of 
whom now reside in Terrell. About the time of his marriage, under the 
ministration of the old pioneer preacher Rev. J. W. Fields, he joined the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which faith he lived and died. His first wife 
dying soon after the war, he was married again in 1868 to Mrs. Amelia Terrell, of 
this county, who was the widow of Jonathan VV. Terrell, likewise an early settler 
of Texas, who died in this count)' in 1861. This wife still survives him." 

The Terrells of America are descendants of the old Norman-English family 
of Tyrrells, who descend from Sir Walter Tyrrell, knight, who killed King 
William Rufus in the New Forest. The Tyrrell arms are: Argent, within a 
bordure, engrailed gules, two chevrons, azure; crest, a peacock's tail issuing from 
the mouth of a boar's head, couped, erect; supporters, two tigers, reguardant; 
motto, "Sans Crainte." 

Robert Adams, eldest son of James and Mary Irvine Adams, was drowned, 
while a boy, out boating, and his body was never recovered; and their youngest 
son, William Adams, married Nancy Chinn, a daughter of Benjamin Chinn, and 
a cousin of Judge Thomas Chinn, of Kentucky. William Adams (born Decem- 
ber 10, 1784), and Nancy Chinn (born December 11, 1785), were married 
February 14, 1803, and had seven children, viz.: Mary J. Adams, born January 
17, 1804; Christopher Adams, Jr., born October 22, 1805; William Clark and 
Lewis Merewether Adams, twins, born June 30, 1809; Benjamin Chinn Adams, 
born October 2, 1814; Elizabeth Adams, born August 2, 1817; Penelope Lynch 
Adams, born June 15, 1819. 

William Clark Adams married Eliza S Irby on April 1, 1830. He died at 
Shelbyville, Ky., June 24, 1854, leaving a son and three daughters, viz.: 
Benjamin Gaither Adams, who married and has children — Sarah Adams, who 
married John Austin; Emma Adams, who is unmarried ; and Anna Eliza Adams, 
who married Mr. Picot. 

Mary J. Adams (daughter of William and Nancy Chinn Adams) married 
Chamberlin Townsend, April 11, 1825, and their children were: William Clark 
Townsend, born May 22, 1826; James B. Townsend, born January 25, 1829; 
and a daughter, Mary J. Townsend, who married John Carroll, June 20, 1836. 

Lewis Merewether Adams, son of William and Nancy Chinn Adams, 
married Elizabeth V. Carroll, April 16, 1833. 

Elizabeth M. Adams (daughter of William and Nancy Chinn Adams) 
married Judge Dandridge N. Ellis, on December 5, 1833, and died August 2, 
1834, leaving no children. 

Christopher Adams, Jr. (son of William and Nancy Chinn Adams) married 


Harriet Gage McCall, June 25, 1834, and had the following family: Edward 
White Adams; Richard McCall Adams, born September 21, 1847, died 
February 10, 184S; Sitgreaves Adams, born August 11. 1848; Christopher 
Adams, born October 5. 1850, and died July 21, 185 1 ; Frances Harriet Adams, 
born July 25, 1841 ; Elizabeth Ellis Adams, born in 1843. 

Edward White Adams married Julia Biddle Henderson, second daughter 
of General James Pinckney Henderson, the first Governor of Texas, and also a 
United States Senator. Miss Henderson was also a granddaughter of John Cox, 
of Philadelphia, a scion of some of the most prominent families of Penn- 
sylvania. Edward White Adams was born in Iberville Parish, La., August 25, 
1844. He was educated in France, and while there met Miss Henderson, whom 
he married October [4, 1868. They had two children, Julia Henderson Adams, 
born at Archachon, near Bordeaux, and James Pinckney Henderson Adams, 
born April 5, 1879, at Weimar, Saxe-Weimar. Edward White Adams, through 
his mother, was a descendant of the McCalls, of Philadelphia, an old colonial 
family (one of whose daughters during the Revolution married General Gage of 
the British army), and of the Bayards, Cadwalladers, Kenibles, Sitgreaves and 
Fishers, of New York and Pennsylvania. He died at Brighton, England, May 
23, 1891. 

Benjamin Chinn Adams (son of William and Nancy Chinn Adams) married 
Caroline Blanks, June 26, 1836, and had four children: Charles Lynch Adams, 
Benjamin Chinn Adams, Samuel Adams and Mary Fort Adams. Charies 
Lynch Adams was born in 1838, and in 1872 married Miss Lelia Tardy, of 
Virginia, who was also his kinswoman through the following line: Her mother 
was Sallie William Ward, who married Samuel C. Tardy. And Sallie William 
Ward was a daughter of John Ward and Tabitha Walden, and a granddaughter 
of William Ward and Mildred Adams, and this Mildred Adams was the 
daughter of Penelope Lynch and Captain Robert Adams, Jr., of the Revolution. 
Benjamin Chinn Adams is a prominent attorney, of Grenada, Miss. He married 
Miss Dora Chamberlain, of that place, and has three children : Harry, Benjamin 
and Dora Adams. Samuel Adams is unmarried. Mary Fort Adams was 
married in 1870 to Harry Hildreth Hall, and has three children: Edith H. Hall, 
who was married in 1895 to Herbert Lincoln Clark, of Philadelphia; Clinton 
Hall, born in 1877, and now a student at Princeton; and Mildred Sidney Hall, 
born in 1883. Harry H. Hall is of English descent, and was educated at 
Heidelberg, Germany. 

Penelope Lynch Adams, born in 18 19, was the youngest child of William 
and Nancy Chinn Adams. Shortly before her birth, William Adams, leaving 
his family in Kentucky, started out for Louisiana with large sums of money on 
his person, and with the intention of investing in sugar plantations. He 
reached Louisiana, but after that was never heard of again ; there are two 
theories in regard to his death ; one is that the boat on which he embarked was 
captured on the Mississippi river by Lafitte, the pirate, who, as usual, mur- 


dered and plundered all on board ; the other theory is that he, while on the 
way to Louisiana, changed his mind about settling in that state, and decided, 
instead, to invest in the island of Martinique; thither he accordingly went and 
on his arrival there died of yellow fever. 

Penelope Adams, youngest child of William Adams, married Dr. John 
Stone in 1838, and had the following family: Albert Stone, Elizabeth Ellis 
Stone, Louise Stone, Mary Eliza Stone, Caroline Stone, who died in childhood, 
and John Stone, who also died in childhood. Albert Stone died unmarried ; 
Elizabeth Ellis Stone married first a Mr. John Hall, and secondly Mr. Henry 
Baker, of New Orleans, who was a gallant Confederate soldier, being a member 
of the famous Washington Artillery. Louise Stone married first Dr. Alfred 
(iourrier, and on his death she married Mr. John W. Borst, of Luray, Va. Mary 
Eliza Stone married Mr. James Andrew Ware, and they have one child, John 
Stone Ware. Christopher Adams, the second son of James Adams and Mary 
Irvine, was born about 1782. He married first Susan or Susanna Johnson, 
from Lexington, Ky., but whose family were of old Virginia stock, said 
to be descended from Sir Andrew Johnson, the Scotchman. By this marriage 
there was only one child who lived, Penelope Lynch Adams, who was born 
about 1813 to 1 8 14, and who married John Andrews, of Norfolk, Va., after- 
wards of New Orleans. Christopher and Susan Johnson Adams moved to 
Iberville Parish. 

Christopher Adams was known in his family as "Kit Adams of the 
Coast" (the left bank of the Mississippi river from above New Orleans to Baton 
Rouge, being known as the " German coast " since time out of mind, and com- 
monly called "the coast"), to distinguish him from his cousin, the other 
" Kit" or Christopher Adams of that day, who lived in Mississippi, and mar- 
ried a Miss Powell of that state. This Kit Adams was a son of Robert Adams 
and Mary Terrell, his wife (who was a daughter of Joel and Anna Lewis 
Terrell), and a grandson of Captain Robert Adams, Jr., of the Revolution, and 
therefore was first cousin to "Kit Adams of the Coast."' Christopher Adams' 
(of Iberville) second wife was his kinswoman, Emily Lynch Smith, daughter 
of Stephen Smith and Mildred Lynch, of Mississippi, who was a sister of 
Governor Charles Lynch, of that state, and a daughter of Charles Lynch (son 
of Colonel Charles Lynch, of the Revolution, and Anna Terrell), and his wife 
(who was also his cousin), Sarah Adams, the daughter of Captain Robert 
Adams, Jr., and Penelope Lynch. Christopher and Emily Lynch Smith 
Adams had only one child who lived, Mary Fort Adams, who married John 
Hagan, of "Indian Camp" plantation, Iberville, in 1848. They had three 
daughters: Mary Fort Hagan, born in 1849, wno married, in 1874, Colonel 
Edmund Beale Briggs, of the Confederate service, and had one son, Edmund 
Beale Briggs, Jr., born in 1875. Mrs. Briggs died February 4, 1877. The 
other two daughters were Virginia Camp Hagan and Sarah Elizabeth Hagan. 
Mrs. John Hagan died in 1880. 


The following letter from Mr. Robert W. Carroll, of Cincinnati, to Mrs. 
George Saunders, is of interest, as it gives much information concerning the 
Johnsons, the family of Christopher Adams' first wife: 

"The probabilities are that the Susan Johnson, who was the wife of 
Christopher Adams, came of the stock of Benjamin Johnson, who, about 1728, 
married Agnes, the oldest daughter of 'old' Christopher Clark, he and his 
wife becoming Quakers. The descendants of Benjamin and Agnes Johnson 
were numerous, and had a habit of intermarrying with the Clarks, Terrells and 
Lynchs, not to mention the Adamses. There was a Robert in this line and 
possibly he was Susan's father (General Charles E. Brown, of the Benjamin 
Johnson line, just tells me that there were numerous Robert Johnsons of his 
line). Susanna was a common name in this line of Benjamin Johnson, and 
doubtless came from Susanna Terrell, of the era 1675-1730, whose grandson, 
David (second) so continuously married Johnsons. These Johnsons have 
always made great claims to high descent, that is, they say they are descended 
from the Earl of Shaftesbury, who was one of the original proprietors of the 
Carolinas. Their line is not clear, but it seems to runs thus : Benjamin John- 
son, who married Agnes, was, so they allege, the son of Sir William Johnson 
(Gershom Perdue says Sir Andrew Johnson), of a Scotch line, who married a 
Massie, of Virginia, who was a granddaughter or something of Ashley Cooper, 
Earl of Shaftesbury. The name ' Ashley ' is found in this line of Johnsons, 
indicating that the family believed in their alleged descent. The Massie lady 
was named Penelope. Her sister, Lucretia, also married a Johnson, but not 
a relative of Sir William. These two Johnson families both with Massie 
blood, intermarried with each other, and with Terrells, Clarks, etc. Though 
the connection with Shaftesbury has not been made clear, yet the mere fact 
that these people so far back believed it, must be given weight. 

' ; None of them have been able to clearly fasten on to Shaftesbury. Possibly 
Penelope Clark (wife of old Christopher Clark), got her name from Penelope 
Massie Johnson, and may have been a relative. There are still Virginia John- 
sons galore, etc. On general principles growing out of the fact that they 
belonged to the same part of Virginia, I am almost disposed to think they 
were all of the same family. In fact, General Brown says his grandfather, 
Elisha (or Elijah) Johnson, used to speak of Richard M. Johnson, of Kentucky, 
vice-president of the United States under Van Buren, as a cousin, and I suppose 
R. M. J. belonged to the line of Johnsons I am about to mention. Richard 
Johnson was one of the justices of the court of Spotsylvania county, Va., 
when it was organized, August 1, 1722; see Rev. P. Slaughter's ' History of 
St. George's Parish,' pages 4 and 8. This Richard Johnson was born probably 
as far back as 1680. 

" In 1739, and afterwards, a Richard Johnson was a vestryman in King and 
Queen county, and William and Thomas Johnson were vestrymen in Louisa 
county after 1 742. See Bishop Meade's work on the ' Old Churches,' of Virginia. 


Richard Johnson, late of King and Queen county, by his will, dated December 
] 3. 1 733- devised 2,765 acres, being 'all his land in Caroline county,' to his 
nephew, Thomas Johnson, and died soon after. And Thomas Johnson, in 
April, 1 757, was seized of 1,711 acres in Louisa county, bought of Ann Cosby, 
and William Johnson and Martha, his wife. These facts appear, in an act to 
dock an entail, in Volume VII., Herring's Statutes, page 157. In 1753 Thomas 
Johnson was one of the trustees appointed by the General Assembly to clear 
the Mattapony river (Volume VI., Hening's Statutes, page 394). In 1740 it 
appears that Richard Johnson, then deceased, had devised land situated in King 
William county, to Thomas Johnson, also since deceased, and had devised 
other lands to Richard and William Johnson, brothers of the said Thomas 
Johnson. Thomas, when he died, left sons, Nicholas Johnson and Richard 
Johnson, who were also grandsons of Nicholas Meriwether; and Richard Johnson 
(doubtless brother of Thomas, above mentioned) had sons, Thomas, Richard 
and William. Hening's, Volume V., page 114. 

" In 1742, when Louisa county was set off from Hanover, the first county 
court was organized December 13 to 24, and among the justices were Christopher 
Clark and Richard Johnson. See ' Cabells and Their Kin,' page 47. * * * If 
you find a Nicholas Johnson in your line, it would indicate descent from the 
Johnson, who married a daughter of Nicholas Merewether; if a Benjamin, then 
from Benjamin and Agnes," etc. " Very sincerely yours, 

" Robert W. Carroll." 

As far as can be ascertained, Susan Johnson descended from one Robert 
Johnson, of the line of Benjamin and Agnes Johnson. Her family moved to 
Kentucky, where she was born, and later on her father owned sugar plantations 
in Attakapas, and near Opelousas, La. A coat of arms found on an old china 
pitcher belonging to these Johnsons, is as follows : Arms, a shield, in the center 
of which are two lions, standing erect and holding up a gauntlet or mailed glove; 
at the base of the shield, lying lengthwise is a fish, and at the top of the shield 
are three mullets or star-shaped designs having six points; the crest is an arm 
(from shoulder), uplifted, holding aloft a poignard or cross-hilted dagger; the 
motto is, "Deo Patriaeque Liber." 

Christopher and Susan Johnson Adams were married about 181 1 or 1812. 
Their daughter, Penelope Lynch Adams, was born about 18 14, and married 
John Andrews, of Norfolk, Va., in 1832, and died April 10, 1847. (Mr- 
Andrews was born about 1800, and died in February, 1885, and is buried in the 
Andrews tomb at Donaldsonville, La.) 

John Andrews was of English descent and came of Catholic stock, his 
father being kin to the Howards, of England, and his mother, Katherine 
Fitzgerald, being a descendant of the Arundels and of the ancient Irish family 
of Fitzgerald. 

Penelope Lynch Adams and John Andrews had the following family: 


i. Emily Lynch Adams (named for Emily Lynch Smith, second wife of 
Christopher Adams), who married Air. Edward Shiff, of Paris, 
France, and had one son, Edward, born in i860, and who died 
unmarried in New Orleans in April, 1886. Mr. Shiff died in i860, 
and in April, 1 8 7 1 , his widow married General James P. Major, of the 
Confederate service, a distinguished soldier and a remarkably hand- 
some man. There were no children by this marriage, and General 
Major died in Austin, Texas, in 1877. 

2. Thomas Francis Andrews, who died, unmarried, at "Belle Grove" in 


3. Eliza Virginia Andrews, who never married. 

4. Katherine Andrews, who died in infancy. 

5. Penelope Lynch Adams Andrews (born at Belle Grove, November 9, 

1839), who married Governor Paul Octave Hebert. 

6. Angela Lewis Andrews (named for Angela Lewis Conrad, who is buried 

at Mount Vernon, Va.), who married Colonel Malcolm Edward Morse, 
son of Congressman Isaac Edward Morse, of Louisiana, and his wife, 
Margaretta Wedistrand. The Morses being kindred of the Henry 
family of Virginia, the old English family of "' Cranford,"' and of the 
Nicholls family of Louisiana, of which ex-Governor Francis T. Nicholls 
is a distinguished member. The Wedistrands are of Norwegian ex- 
traction, descending from " King Harold Blue-Tooth " of Norway. 
Isaac Edward Morse was also Attorney-General of Louisiana when 
Paul O. Hebert was Governor of that state. Colonel Malcolm E. 
Morse was a gallant Confederate soldier. He died at Baltimore in 
June, 1895. Angela Lewis Andrews and Colonel Morse had but one 
child, Angela Lewis Morse, who married her first cousin, Paul Octave 
Hebert, in February, 1890. They have one child, Dorothy Oleveira 
Hebert, born March 16, 1894. 

7. Katherine Andrews, who married Captain Charles Knovvlton, of the 

Confederate service. Captain Knowlton is of Northern and Revolu- 
tionary stock — his great-grandfather having been a soldier in Wash- 
ington's army and a member of the " Order of the Cincinnati.'' There 
were two children by this marriage, Charles Andrews Knowlton, who 
was married in 1895 to Florence Osmond, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
who has a child, Charles Osmond Knowlton, born in 1896, and Kathe- 
rine I. Knowlton, who married Mr. Lawrence Mercer, of Montreal, 
Canada, and had a child, Gladys Katherine Mercer. 
Governor Hebert and Penelope Lynch Adams Andrews were married at 
the Jesuits' Church, New Orleans, August 3, 1861, by the Reverend Father 
Booker, ex-Governor Hebert, being at that time, a Brigadier General in the 
Confederate service, in command of New Orleans and the defenses of the Gulf. 
He was a widower, his first wife having been Cora Wills Vaughn, daughter of 



Thomas Cabell Vaughan, and his wife, Harriet Letitia Kirkland Wynne, of 
Mississippi. Thomas Cabell Vaughan was a descendant of the Willses, Cabells 
and Vaughans of Virginia. Thomas Cabell Vaughan Hebert, Governor 
Hebert's eldest son by his first marriage, died in the Confederate service, at 
Galveston, Texas, 1862. General Paul Octave Hebert was the eldest son of 
Paul Gaston Hebert (born at " Plaisance Plantation," Iberville, February I, 1796, 
died May 4, 1852), and of Mary Eugenia Hamilton (born February 27, 1797, 
and died September 20, 1843), who was the daughter of Ignatius Hamilton 
and his wife, Ann Bush, whom he married in 1787. Ignatius Hamilton was 
born in Maryland and emigrated to Louisiana, and was the only child of Joseph 
Hamilton, a Scotchman, by his wife, Mary Eugenia Coumbe (or Coombe), of 
St. Mary's county, Maryland. These Coombes were early settlers of Mary- 
land, and of an old Saxon-English family. Anne Bush, wife of Ignatius Ham- 
ilton, was a daughter of Daniel Bush, a Virginian, who emigrated to Kentucky 
and thence to Louisiana. Joseph Hamilton "the Scotchman " was a descend- 
ant of the " Clan Hamilton " that had the famous feud with the " Clan Boyd " 
in Scottish history. The Hamilton crest is a tree trunk, with a saw in it, and 
the motto, "Through." 

Paul G. Hebert was justice of the peace for his native parish of Iberville, 
a planter and a civil engineer, and a member of the Convention of 1842. He 
was the son of Armand Valery Hebert (born March 27, 1753, and died August 
28, 1817), and his wife, Marie Celeste Boudreaux (born April 10, 1757, and 
died August 12, 1847), wno was a daughter of Benjamin Boudreaux (or 
Boudraut) and his wife, Cecile Celeste de Melanqon. 

Armand Valery Hebert was a son of Paul Gaston Hebert (born April 13, 
1 7 12, and died July 25, 1805), and of his wife, Marguerite Josephine de 
Melanqon, who was born in Port Royal, Nov. 1, 17 17. 

This Paul Gaston was a great-great-grandson of Louis Hebert, who came 
from Normandy, France, in 1604, with the Chevaliers de Monts and Cham- 
plain and aided in founding Port Royal, the first permanent French colon) - in 
America. The original cause of his leaving France was the persecution to 
which the Catholics were subjected in the early part of the reign of Henry of 
Navarre, the Huguenot. The Heberts were descendants of an ancient Norman 
family, the name " Herbert" is said to be a corruption of their name. They 
have always been Catholics, and have a tradition that they got the faith when 
Rollo and his pirates were converted from the heathen faith of Norway. The 
first American ancestor of the family, who came over in 1604, brought with 
him some jewelry of ancient workmanship, and some Norman silver coins. 
These coins were afterwards melted and moulded into spoons by one of his 
descendants, and are held as valued relics in the family to-day ; the jewelry 
was preserved until the late war. At that time it was in the possession of 
Governor Hebert's eldest sister, Marie Evelina, then the wife of Robert Henry 
Fenwick Sewall, of Maryland. 


Mrs. Sewall's plantation was in the line of Banks' raid along the Mississippi 
river, and her house was plundered by stragglers from Ranks' army, and she 
lost her much-prized jewelry, as well as everything else of value, which she 

Paul Gaston Ilebert, born in 17 12, was the first of his name in Louisiana, 
and he was the one who burned down his house and other buildings in Port 
Royal, in the face of British troops, rather than take the oath of allegiance to 
the English crown, or submit to the religious restrictions which the Church of 
England was endeavoring at that time to place upon Catholic worship and 
observances. He left Port Royal, October 28, 1755, sojourned in New Eng- 
land from March 7, 1756 to July 28, 1767, when he went to Louisiana. He 
was one of the earliest permanent settlers of the parish of Iberville. His son, 
Armand Valery Hebert, ranked as a major in the French provincial army of 
Louisiana, and was a member of the old "constitutional convention of 181 2," 
which met to revise the laws of Louisiana after that province had been sold by 
Napoleon to the United States. His grandson, Paul Hebert, was a member of 
the Convention of 1842, and his great-grandson, Governor Paul Octave Hebert, 
was a member of the Convention of 1852. The "Statesman," a New Orleans 
paper, of Saturday, January 6, 1855, has the following: " Governor Hebert is 
a native of Louisiana. Both he and his parents were born in the state which 
has called him to its highest office. There are, in the history of this family, 
some evidences of that stern adhesion to principle which marked the Puritans 
of Plymouth Rock. Allegiance was not a thing which with them could be 
lightly laid aside like an old garment, nor could new rulers find worship merely 
because they were the representatives of power. In 1753 his great-grand- 
father, then a native of Canada, burned his own house to the ground, rather than 
submit to English tyranny. He abandoned his home and its associations to 
escape the rule of strangers, and found a new home in our state long before the 
colonies dreamed of independence. He was one of the earliest permanent set- 
tlers of the parish of Iberville. In all the important scenes which have transpired 
in this state he and his descendants have borne an important part. The grand- 
father was a member of the constitutional convention of 1812, the grandson, 
of the convention of 1S42, and the great-grandson of the convention of 1852. 
From father to son has descended that stern independence, that adhesion 
to principle, which in another sphere made heroes of our fathers and gave 
birth to a new empire." The following article accompanied by a steel engrav- 
ing of Governor Hebert, appeared in a Louisiana magazine of that day : 

" Paul Octave Hebert, the present Governor of Louisiana, is the youngest 
person who has ever held that office. He was born December 12, 1818, in the 
parish of Iberville (on the ' Plaisance Plantation '), in this state, of an old Creole 
family, and is consequently but thirty-four years old. Having graduated at 
Jefferson College, La., when quite a boy, Paul was sent to the West Point Acad- 
emy, where he remained several years. : : Having an excellent mathe- 


matical head and being apt at all the branches of learning, he soon obtained 
an honorable and distinguished position among the graduates, leading several 
classes and finally graduating with the highest honors in 1840. 

" The best graduates of West Point are transferred to the corps of engineers, 
and accordingly Paul received a commission as second lieutenant of the corps 
of engineers, on July 1, 1840. Shortly afterwards, as a tribute to his excel- 
lence and thoroughness as a scholar, he was appointed acting assistant professor 
of engineering, in the Military Academy, which post he filled from August 30, 
1841, to July 21, 1842. After serving with credit in the corps of engineers, 
Lieutenant Hebert yielded to the superior claims of his family and native state, 
and resigned his commission in order to be near an aged father, * * * and 
also to render that duty which every man owes to his own state — of promoting 
and aiding her welfare and safety. Louisiana stood in great need of a sensible 
and scientific engineer, to guard the immense interests which are constantly 
exposed to destruction from causes that need the utmost \igilance to prevent. 
She had suffered greatly from the ignorance and neglect of those who had 
charge of those interests, and the development of her immense resources had 
been thus greatly retarded. Under these circumstances, the office of state 
engineeer was pressed upon the young ex-lieutenant of engineers, in 1845, by 
his Excellency Governor A. Monton. It was accepted, and Hebert entered 
upon the duties of the office in 1845, and continued to perform them until 1847. 
The state never had an abler engineer; but, unfortunately, his opinions were not 
regarded by the legislature on one very momentous question, and he resigned 
the post. The subject to which we refer was the proposition to shorten the 
distance between this city (New Orleans) and Natchez, by making a cut-off be- 
low the mouth of the Red river ; that is, by digging a new direct channel for 
the river at a point where it commenced a long circuit. State Engineer 
Hebert remonstrated against this measure, and demonstrated most clearly that 
it would derange the whole order of the stream, and produce numerous crevasses, 
overflows and other disasters. His advice was not heeded. As an evidence of 
the sincerity and sagacity of the state engineer, he caused his own house 
( ' White Castle'), which stood near the river bank', to be moved back some 
distance, declaring that it would cave in shortly after the cut-off was completed. 
The fact proved as he predicted and justified his prudence — the river now flows 
where the old mansion stood. He also resigned the office of surveyor-general, 
not wishing that his administration should be remembered by the calamities 
from which he had labored in vain to free the state. The cut-off was carried. 
It has justly been regarded as the source of more losses and annoyances to the 
residents on the banks of the river below than any event in the history of the 
state. Ever since then no summer has passed without several most desolating 
crevasses, commencing with the terrible one at Sauve's, which inflicted on this 
city a loss of several millions. On the breaking out of the Mexican War, Hebert 
offered his services to the general government, and on the organization of the 


new ten regiments was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 'Fourteenth,' 
under the veteran Trousdale. One-half ot this regiment was raised in Louisi- 
ana. It commenced service in a brigade commanded by Franklin Pierce, the 
present President of the United States. It is a notable fact that the com- 
mander of this brigade should have been elected President of the United States, 
and three of the colonels should have been elected governors of states, to-wit: 
Seymour of Connecticut, Trousdale of Tennessee, and Hebert of Louisiana. 

"The ' Fourteenth' greatly distinguished itself in all the actions in which 
it participated. For young and fresh troops, its officers and men were remark- 
able for their steadiness, gallantry and efficiency. Much of this was due to the 
dauntless character of the veteran colonel and the admirable self-possession and 
skill of the lieutenant-colonel. The regiment was engaged in all the battles of the 
valley — Contreras, Churubusco, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec and the assault 
upon the gates of the City of Mexico. Colonel Trousdale being badly wounded 
at the battle of Chapultepec, while bravely leading a charge against a Mexican 
battery planted across the road leading to the Garita of San Cosmo, the com- 
mand devolved upon the lieutenant-colonel, who fulfilled his duties with skill. 
gallantry and coolness. (Hebert led the 'forlorn hope' which captured 
Chapultepec. ) Lieutenant-Colonel Hebert was brevetted a full colonel for gal- 
lant conduct at the terrible battle of Molino del Rey, where of five lieutenant- 
colonels in Worth's command three were killed or mortally wounded — Martin 
Scott, Graham and Mcintosh. On the disbandment of the troops, Colonel 
Hebert returned to Louisiana with the high commendation of all his superior 
officers, and particularly of his brigadier-general, Franklin Pierce. (In Pierce's 
diary kept during the Mexican campaign and published in Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne's ' Life of Pierce,' he makes frequent mention of Hebert, calling him 
' the gallant young Creole colonel.') Devoting his mind to the care and im- 
provement of a large plantation, Colonel Hebert remained at home until ill 
health demanded recreation, change of air, etc., when he made the tour of 
Europe. Happening in Paris on the 4th of July, he was invited to preside at a 
banquet given by some Americans, in honor of the day. On this occasion an 
incident occurred which is worthy of record. It was when Louis Napoleon was 
carrying into effect his despotic suppression of all public assemblies and 
demonstrations; patriotic songs, and especially the 'Marseillaise,' were pro- 
hibited. Now it happened that at the meeting of Americans to celebrate the 
independence of their states, there was a very natural desire to hear the 
' Marseillaise.' It was therefore called for, when the chief of the band of 
musicians who attended the dinner, came forward and showed the 'president' 
the order against playing or singing that revolutionary song. Thereupon 
Colonel Hebert arose and proposed that, as the law applied only to Frenchmen, 
the company should sing the hymn themselves. The proposition was received 
with loud applause, and the colonel leading off, the whole company joined in 
and executed in a very enthusiastic, if not harmonious, manner this animated 


song of liberty. The old and familiar notes attracted crowds of Frenchmen 
around the hall, who joined in the chorus and manifested the liveliest emotions 
at a scene suggestive of proud recollections, but which, alas, had become so 
rare of late. On his return to the United States Colonel Hebert was elected a 
member of the ' convention of 1852, to revise the state Constitution,' from his 
old and native Parish of Iberville. In the convention he was prominent for his 
devotion to liberal and Democratic principles. His sense of justice and the 
consistency of his principles were strikingly displayed in his vote against that 
feature of the constitution which included slaves as the basis of representation. 
The object of the provision was to restrict the representation of New Orleans, 
and give greater power and weight to the slave-holding country parishes. 
Though a country member and a large slave-holder, Colonel Hebert voted 
against the provision. In November, 1852, Colonel Hebert was nominated by 
the Democracy for governor. After a brief but active canvass he was elected 
over his opponent, Louis Bordelon, by a very large majority, the city of New 
Orleans alone giving him over twelve hundred majority. The exertion and 
fatigue of the canvass produced a dangerous and lingering illness from which 
Colonel Hebert did not recover in time to enter actively upon his duties at the 
period designated by the Constitution. To give validity, however, to the acts 
of legislature, he was inaugurated and sworn into office on his sick bed, at his 
residence (White Castle), and Chief Justice Eustis administered the oath, 
when he had not the strength to sit up. He recovered, however, in time to 
enter upon his duties at the capital, and though he has had no opportunity of 
developing the policy of his administration, it is quite obvious that it will be 
marked by the characteristics of his mind and temperament as one of progress, 
of liberal enterprise and of patriotic devotion to the honor and best interests 
of his native state." 

The cut-off referred to in the above article was the famous " Raccourci cut- 
off." When Colonel Hebert was a member of the convention of 1852, he voted 
in favor of the discontinuance of the French language as the only official lan- 
guage of the courts, legislatures, etc., and advocated the equal use of both 
English and French ; this step greatly incensed some of the less progressive of 
the Creole population, and "L'Abeille," the chief Creole organ, was especially 
wrought up over the matter. The following is from a New Orleans paper, of 
Wednesday, December 12, 1852: "We refer to the effort to excite jealousies 
between Creole and other portions of our population. We protest against all 
such attempts. : Whatever stock or parentage we spring from, whatever 

tongue we speak, we are one people, not Frenchmen, not Creoles, not Anglo- 
Saxons, : * but Americans. The attempt to excite these prejudices of 
race * * has thus far been chiefly through the French side of the ' Bee.' 
We unmasked the treacherous design yesterday, by translating a labored edito- 
rial from that journal, that those who do not read French may see the trick 
that is being played. Aware that they are ' trifling with edged tools,' using a 


knife 'that cuts both ways,' they publish in French what they dare not print 
in English. * * They talk about Colonel Hebert's hostility to the Creoles 

and to their progenitors, the French, and they talk as gravely as though they 
believed it themselves, or fancied anybody else would believe it. But these 
ingenious gentlemen deceive themselves. They proceed upon the calculation 
that they can humbug and delude the Creole voters of Louisiana. A futile 
calculation. There is not a man among us — a scion of the ancient popula- 
tion — who does not know Hebert and appreciate the sympathies, the pride of 
descent, the attachment to his native soil and the national patriotism which 
warm and animate his bosom. The very men who now say to the descend- 
ants of Frenchmen, 'Vote against Hebert; he is ashamed of you and of your 
language,' go above Canal street and say to the Anglo Saxon and naturalized 
portion of our population, ' vote against Hebert ; he is a Creole, his ancestors 
were French!' It is but a repetition of the deceitful and disgraceful tactics 
which they employed against Gen. Pierce, when they printed pamphlets in the 
South and sent them North, representing that he had always stood up for South- 
ern rights and voted in defense of slavery ; and the same committee printed 
pamphlets and suborned witnesses, like Fogg and Foss and other vile aboli- 
tionists, to swear that Pierce concurred with them, and with these they flooded 
the South ! And this is the game they are playing against Hebert. On one 
side of Canal street, where the generous Creole sons of Louisiana are numerous, 
and all along the coast they appeal to their susceptibilities and pride of race, 
and say, ' This man is faithless to you ; he has been adopted by the Irish, Ger- 
mans and Anglo-Saxons.' And, on the other side of Canal street and in the 
upper parishes Whig agents are sneaking into every coffee-house and cross- 
road tavern, crying out, ' Down with Hebert, he is one of those ambitious, 
grasping Creoles, that are after everything; he has no American feeling like 
Bordelon.' " 

The following is from a New Orleans paper of December 12, 1852: "One 
of the most original thinkers that ever appeared in Louisiana — the late Isaac T. 
Preston, a man whose memory will long be honored by a people to whom he 
was devoted — in the last great speech which he made in the legislature on a ' bill 
to protect New Orleans from inundation,' after quoting Colonel Hebert's 
' Report ' (when state engineer), thus refers to him : ' Great and gallant soul ! 
You were allured from this mighty scheme to join in the conquest of Mexico. 
You acquired a glory as brilliant as that which encircled the brow of any other 
hero in that unparalleled achievement. But your laurels, with all the dust of 
California secured by the conquest, are but as trash compared with the acme of 
health, wealth illimitable and never-ending prosperity, happiness and glory, 
which you have pointed out for your own, your native land. May you and the 
statesmen and patriots of Louisiana, pursue its attainment with all the energy 
of your glowing recommendations.' This is high encomium indeed, when we 
consider that it was applied to a very young man, by one of the oldest and 


most enlightened of the jurists and statesmen of Louisiana — a man whose fertile 
mind scarcely ever, unless in this single instance, accepted ideas or suggestions 
from others." 

In 1855 Governor Hebert ran in opposition to John Slidell for the Demo- 
cratic nomination for the United States senatorship, but finally withdrew his 
name of his own accord rather than risk a split in the party, and the consequent 
election of a Whig candidate. The " Louisiana State Republican," a Whig 
paper, of January 10, 1855, has the following: "The canvass for the United 
States senatorship is waxing warm. The friends of the respective candidates, 
and there are now only two prominently before the people, * * * are pushing 
their claims with earnestness and zeal. The names of these distinguished 
gentlemen are Governor P. O. Hebert and Senator John Slidell. * * * To our 
mind, Governor Hebert is preferable to Senator Slidell. His antecedents are 
better, his political character less clouded, his personal honor is undoubted, 
his services to the state of his birth have not been small, he has served his 
country abroad with credit and honor, and at home, as well as abroad, has ever 
borne the character of an honorable, high-toned gentleman — ' without fear and 
above reproach.' " 

Governor Hebert's name was strongly urged by his party in Louisiana for 
a cabinet place, as secretary of war, under both Pierce and Buchanan. In a 
letter to the "Daily Delta," New Orleans, February 7, 1853, is the following, 
under the heading "The New Cabinet— Colonel Hebert": "In your weekly 
edition of the 30th ultimo I read an interesting and vigorous article on the 
subject of the cabinet of General Pierce, wherein the name of our new governor, 
P. O. Hebert, was powerfully urged as a proper man to fill the secretaryship of 
war." In the "Daily Delta" of December 10, 1856, is the following: 
"Since the Democratic triumph, the press, generally, appears to be actively 
engaged in speculating upon the composition of the next cabinet. * * * I know 
of no one better calculated to fill the office, or more deserving of the honor, than 
Governor P. O. Hebert. His thorough military education, together with his 
practical knowledge of his profession, his profound knowledge of the political 
history of the country, and his adaptability to the exigencies of the times, added 
to the distinguished position he has already occupied in his native state, can not 
fail to place his name high on the list of those spoken of for cabinet appoint- 
ments. The governor, moreover, has strong claims upon his party. * * * Not 
only did his own state reap the benefit of his labors and influence, but he 
extended his mission to the North. New York received him with all the honors 
due to his past services, and applauded his patriotic sentiments and true 
democratic spirit." 

Hebert was governor of Louisiana from January 1, 1853, to January 28, 
1856, one of his chief appointments during his administration being that of 
his former West Point classmate, W. T. Sherman, as president of the Louisi- 
ana Military Academy, at Alexandria. 


On December 12, i860, ex-Governor Hebert received his commission from 
Governor Thomas Overton Moore as "member of the Military Board of 
Louisiana," and he was the first field officer commissioned by Governor Moore, 
in behalf of the " Independent State of Louisiana." In the early part of 1861, 
the Hon. Jefferson Davis, appointed Governor Hebert one of the five brigadier- 
generals of the provisional army. This was before the Confederate army was 
organized. The other four, were Generals Robert E. Lee, Beauregard, Albert 
Sidney Johnston and John B. Magruder. All were subsequently appointed 
brigadier-generals in the Confederate army, Governor Hebert being placed in 
command of Louisiana, and afterwards given command of the Trans-Missis- 
sippi department, where he remained until relieved by General Magruder, 
Governor Hebert being ordered to the command of the department of Texas. 
General Kirby Smith subsequently relieved General Magruder, and the latter 
assumed command of the department of Texas, Governor Hebert being trans- 
ferred to the command of the defenses of Galveston. General Hebert subse- 
quently was in command of the subdistrict of North Louisiana, and was in the 
battle at Milliken"s Bend, La. 

The following extract is from an article in a North Louisiana paper of that 
day, headed, "General Hebert and the Defences of North Louisiana": "It 
was fortunate for us that the immediate direction and control of military affairs 
in our region, at such a time, fell into the hands of so skillful and energetic 
a commander as the gallant soldier whose name heads this article. He had 
in his district but two battalions of cavalry and a few light guns to resist the 
advances and raids of a force exceeding a hundred thousand men, the flower of 
the Federal army, and the formidable assault of the enemy's gun-boats. Instead 
of withdrawing to Red river, he waived the fearful odds and addressed himself 
energetically to the defense of his district. He infused his own energy and 
spirit into the troops, and the battalions accomplished wonders in checking the 
inroads of the vast army sweeping along our border, and Fort Beauregard, 
under his stirring order to hold it until the last man fell, successfully drove back 
the gun-boats. To-day, instead of presenting the gloomy spectacle of wasted 
and abandoned farms, our country is smiling in peace and security, with the 
prospect of abundant crops to brighten and bless the land. To General Hebert, 
as the chief instrumentality, are we indebted for this, and to him is due the 
thanks of every man, woman and child in the district; more than this, we 
understand that General Hebert, several weeks since, had determined on a plan 
of attack which would seriously have crippled Grant's army, by breaking up 
his line of transportation and cutting off his supplies. It seems remarkable that 
that line should have been kept up for weeks, with but a comparatively small 
escort of troops, passing down the whole line of Madison, when there were 
forces in striking distance, that could have broken it up, supplying Grant's whole 
army while it was encircling Vicksburg, with its vast masses of troops. Had 
General Hebert's views, in regard to these movements been adopted, this would 


not have been the case; a powerful co-operative movement in favor of Vicks- 
burg would doubtless have been established, and Grant by this would have 
inevitably been driven back. We fear it is now too late to inflict on the enemy 
the damage which the late opportunity presented, but we hope for the best." 
In this connection the following letter explains itself: 

"Headquarters, Subuistkict North Louisiana, 

"Vienna, La., Nov. 25, 1863. 
''Major E. Surget, Assistant Adjutant- General, Alexandria, La.: 

"Major: I would respectfully call the attention of the major-general com- 
manding to that portion of the letter of instructions, from department head- 
quarters, requiring Colonel Harrison, a subordinate officer under my command, 
to report direct to district headquarters. Tins, it is true, is corrected in the 
endorsement at district headquarters, by command of the major-general com- 
manding. As the order originally stood, however, I was deprived entirely of 
my command, small as it is. There certainly must have been some motive for 
this. It is but simple justice to me that I should have been informed of the 
reason. If I have in any manner neglected my duty I am clearly liable to 
charges. The command of this subdistrict never has been a very desirable one — 
still less so now. The major-general commanding, no doubt, remembers how often 
I have applied, both in writing and verbally, to be relieved from it and assigned 
to a better one. This is naturally a subject of painful reflection to me, conscious 
as I am of having performed my duty faithfully and of having done all that 
could be done under the adverse circumstances which have surrounded me, 
since I have been in command of the subdistrict. These, it is not now my purpose 
to enumerate or dwell upon, but simply to recall the fact to the major-general 
commanding. It is little to say that I was, at the very first, sorely disap- 
pointed in the object for which I sought this command, from the want of a 
proper force, zvliich had been promised me. The records of the department will 
show how I pointed out and how anxious I was to attempt the relief of 
Vicksburg by striking a fatal blow upon the long and scattered columns of 
General Grant on this side of the river, on his march to invest that city from 
below. For then it was manifest that the true defense of Vicksburg was on 
this side. This my acts, the records of my office, and the military history of 
the subdistrict will show : that if I have accomplished little or nothing, it was not 
from want of zeal or capacity or owing to the absence of knowledge of what 
should and could have been accomplished had the military means been at my dis- 
posal. It may have been my misfortune, not my fault, that I have been so 
placed. The necessities of the service, the invasion of the enemy in different 
columns, the few troops disposable in the department — all, no doubt, combined — 
prevented my having the force I so much desired, and which the defense of and 
operations in this section of the country so eminently required. I trust that the 
major-general commanding will not, for a moment, suppose that I write in a 


spirit of fault -finding; or with a desire to repine unnecessarily at my lot — well 
knowing that in military as well as in other positions opportunity, or the want 
of it, frequently fixes the fame or obscurity of the officer. I am, perhaps, also 
not in too humble a position to escape misrepresentation and calumny? To be 
eliminated irregularly from a service and a cause which I have entered with 
my heart and soul, and in which I have at stake my life, fortune and honor, and 
that of all those I hold most dear, to be "overslaughed" without apparent 
cause, to be condemned without a hearing, or allowed the poor boon of the 
right of vindication, is, it will be conceded, hardly fair to myself personally or 
officially, to say nothing of military justice and the recognized regulations and 
usages of the service. In a former war, I acquired an honorable, although, 
perhaps, humble reputation. I wish to retain it in this, and leave that, if noth- 
ing else, to my children. 

" I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

"P. O. Hebert, 
"Rrig.-Gen'l Comdg., P. A. C. S. 
"Official: Jesse W. Sparks, 

" Lieutenant and A. D. C." 

The following is from a Texas paper and is dated "Camp Parsons," 
February I, 1861. "Yesterday, the 31st ultimo, General Hebert came down 
attended by Adjutant Davis and Major Dennis, to review the ' gallant Fourth.' 

* * * -r ne general and staff dined with the colonel at the encampment. 

* * * He endeared himself to officers and men by his free and easy 
manners, social qualities and good ' wagon-horse sense ' (I don't know any 
better way to express it). I can qualify it by saying that the ideas he 
advanced relative to the great struggle in which we are engaged, show thought 
and patient investigation. And to the friends of Parsons' regiment, and they 
are many, I will give a brief sketch of our general. I should suppose him to 
be about forty-five years old, about five feet ten inches high, finely formed, 
well proportioned and erect in carriage ; black, wavy hair, with occasional streaks 
of gray, heavy moustache, almost white, a laughing blue eye, fine head, etc., 
and, so far from the hauteur and aristocratic proclivities of which he was 
accused, I imagine him to be a boon companion among friends in private 
circles. He is a native of Louisiana, graduated at West Point. 

Texas can not boast a more graceful rider than he. Upon the whole, he is the 
right man in the right place. The general seemed well pleased with his trip, 
and says he will visit us again soon. The men of the regiment were highly 
pleased with him, which they attested by 'three cheers for General Hebert,' as 
he left the camps, which was responded to with a vim." 

A Houston, Texas, paper of 1861, says: " General Hebert's call on our 
people to be ready to resist an invasion by our seacoast, will go through 
the land like a trumpet blast. His directions for preparation are clear, simple 


and feasible, and if attended to as they undoubtedly will be, will place ten 
thousand well armed men at his command in a week.'' 

A Shreveport, La., paper of February iS, 1862, says : " Ex-Governor 
Hebert, -now a general in the Confederate service, arrived in our vicinity last 
week with a small suite and pitched his marquee near Mr. Joe Howell's Springs. 
Unlike many officers who have preceded him, General Hebert has not made the 
least gorgeous display, but quietly settled down with his military family in a 
park. Notwithstanding that we have always differed with General Hebert in 
politics, we cheerfully admit that he is a perfect model of a real Creole gentle- 

"At the close of the war, General E. Kirby Smith turned over 
his command of the Trans-Mississippi department to General Magruder, who 
in his turn, transferred the command to General Hebert, Generals Smith and 
Magruder intending to leave that night for Mexico. The next day General 
Hebert surrendered to General Gordon Granger, who desired him to keep his 
sword and courteously sent him and his family by special transport to New 
Orleans. In July, 1865, Governor Hebert made application to have his dis- 
abilities removed under the proclamation of President Johnson. The applica- 
tion was referred to General Sherman, then at St. Louis, indorsed by him, 
sent to General Thomas' headquarters at Louisville, forwarded to Washington, 
and approved a few hours after arrival by the President. During the Grant 
and Greely campaign, Governor Hebert was the leader in this state (Louisiana), 
in the interests of the latter and was the author of the popular motto: ' All 
roads from Greely lead to Grant.' Notwithstanding that Governor Hebert was 
such a persistent opponent, President Grant requested Governor Kellogg to 
appoint Governor Hebert a member of the ' Board of State Engineers.' In 
1873 President Grant appointed Governor Hebert one of the Commissioners 
of Engineers for the Mississippi Levees, Generals Abbott and Warren and 
Major Benyard comprising the military, and Governor Hebert and Colonel 
Sickles, of Arkansas, the civil, engineers. " [The above is an extract from an 
obituary on Governor Hebert.] 

During Grant's administration Governor Hebert and Colonel Forshey 
advocated the Fort St. Philip canal, to prevent overflows of the Mississippi 
river, in opposition to the jetty system of Captain Eads. 

The "Daily States," New Orleans, August 30, 1880, says: "Louisiana 
mourns the death of one of her noblest and truest sons. It is a painful duty to 
announce the death of ex-Governor Hebert. In the war he was assigned to an 
important command, and, although not brought actively into service in the field, 
yet his military education and experience made him a valuable and efficient 

For nearly twenty-five years Governor Hebert was president of the 
" Metaire Jockey Club," and took an active interest in sporting matters up 
to the hour of his death. In "Louisiana Biographies," by A. Meynier, Jr., 


we find the following in regard to "Paul O. Hebert, twelfth Governor of 
Louisiana": "Governor Hebert, for several years prior to the war, and two 
years after it, was president of the jockey club of New Orleans. He was a 
' bon vivant' and very fond of society, which his sociability attracted, and his 
ample means, prior to the war, enabled him to enjoy. He was well known as 
an elegant writer and speaker, and the productions of his pen were noted for 
their brilliancy and beautiful expression." 

Governor Hebert was also a lover of art, and a connoisseur and collector 
of fine pictures, glass and china. He was the owner of one of the finest pieces 
of statuary in Louisiana at that day — a life-sized statue of the li Christian 
Martyr," by Giovanni Ardenti — which the Governor bought of the artist at 
Milan, Italy, in one of his travels abroad. 

General Grant was a warm personal friend of Governor Hebert. Their 
friendship began at West Point and lasted for the rest of their lives (Hebert is 
mentioned in Grant's Memoirs), and, while President, Grant showed his old 
friend all the favors in his power, and he was often the guest of the White 
House. It was Grant's wish to appoint Hebert minister to Belgium. The 
following item appeared in the " New Orleans Times," June 26, 1875: "In- 
formation has been received here that J. Russell Jones, our minister resident at 
Brussels, contemplates resigning at an early date. (Washington special to 
Cincinnati Gazette.) Last winter, when Mr. Jones' retirement was contem- 
plated, the President told Mr. Fisk that when the vacancy in the Belgian 
ministry occurred he should tender the position to Governor P. (). Hebert, of 
this state. As the President is not given to changing his mind, it is probable 
that Governor Hebert will be nominated." 

In an account of a political banquet, the "National Republican," Wash- 
ington, March 19, 1874, has the following mention of Governor Hebert: "At 
the table, quietly sipping his claret, with his gray mustache waxed and pointed 
a la Napoleon III., is the courtly ex-governor of Louisiana, General Paul O. 
Hebert, whose achievements in the fields of politics and war are no less brilliant 
than his triumphs in the fashionable salon." " Before the close of the war 
Governor Hebert was raised to the rank of major-general, though his com- 
mission was never signed by President Davis. In a letter to Mrs. Saunders, 
Ben LaBree, author of " The Confederate Soldier in the Civil War," says: "I 
think General Paul O. Hebert was a major-general by appointment of the 
governor of Louisiana, and he was also a major-general by virtue of his com- 
mand under the Confederate government ; and I believe there were commis- 
sions made out for General Hebert and quite a number of others to take the 
rank of major-general, but they were never signed by President Davis. There 
are a couple of generals who were given the title of lieutenant-general, but 
their commissions had never been signed ; their rank, however, has never 
been disputed, and this is the same in General P. O. Hebert's case." In another 
letter from Mr. LaBree dated April 18, 1898, he says: "General Hebert's 


grade was certainly that of major-general. He commanded a department of the 
Confederacy, and that alone gave him the rank of major-general." Brigadier- 
General Louis Hebert, first cousin and contemporary of General P. O. Hebert, 
corroborates Mr. LaHree's statement as to P. O. Hebert being a major- 
general. Governor Hebert was a charter member of the "Aztec Club," 
founded by the officers of the victorious American army in the City of Mexico in 
1848. When governor of Louisiana, in 1856, in his last message to the legis- 
lature Governor Hebert says: "The wild spirit of fanaticism, which has for 
many years disturbed the repose of the country, has steadily increased in 
power and influence. It controls the councils of several states, nullifies the 
laws of Congress enacted for the protection of our property, and resists the 
execution of them, even to the shedding of blood. It has grown so powerful 
that it now aspires to control the Federal legislature. The fact can no longer 
be concealed, however much it may be regretted. The slave-holding states are 
warned in time ; they should be prepared for the issue. If it must come, the 
sooner the better. The time for concessions on our part and compromises has 
passed. If the Union can not be maintained upon the just and wholesome 
principles of the Constitution, concessions and compromises will only retard its 
dissolution, not save it. They have had, thus far, no other result than to en- 
courage attack and to increase the number of Abolitionists. It would, how- 
ever, be premature to suggest practical measures of resistance or retaliation. 
The present session of Congress will develop fully the plans of that party. 
Your own action must depend, in a great measure, upon the course which they 
shall pursue. The responsibility will be upon those who have forced us, in 
defense of our most sacred rights, of our honor, and of our very existence to 
resort to extreme remedies." 

Governor Hebert died in New Orleans August 29, 1880, and is buried at 
St. Paul's church, Bayou Goula, Iberville, near his old plantation homestead. 
His second wife survived him several years. The following obituary appeared 
in the New Orleans "Picayune" on the death of Mrs. Hebert, October 18, 
1893: "On the 1 8th instant, at 7 p. m., died, at Atlanta, Ga., Mrs. Penelope 
L. Andrews Hebert, widow and second wife of the late Governor Paul O. 
Hebert, with whose name were associated many of the most honorable memories 
of the state of Louisiana, which for four years Governor Hebert served as 
governor, with great distinction. Mrs. Hebert was married to Governor Hebert 
in August, 1861, on the plantation of her father, Mr. John Andrews, whose 
plantation, 'Belle Grove,' in Iberville Parish, was one of the largest and finest 
sugar estates in Louisiana, the splendid residence on the place being palatial in 
all its appointments and fittings, and being famous for its elegance from Vicks- 
burg to New Orleans. Mrs. Hebert's youth was passed amid the scenes of 
lavish and hospitable entertainment, for which Belle Grove was celebrated, both 
before and after the war," etc. 

After the death of Governor Hebert, Mrs. Hebert continued her residence 



on the "Home Place," a magnificent plantation, situated about a mile back of 
Bayou Goula, in Iberville Parish, and which from before the beginning of this 
century has been the homestead of the Heberts. 

Mrs. Hebert was a woman of remarkable qualities. With the beauty and 
gentleness of a woman she united the courage and firmness of a man. She fol- 
lowed her husband's command during the four years of war, living in camp 
and enduring the hardships of army life at that time. 

Governor Hebert by his second marriage had six children, viz. : Paul 
Hebert, born at Houston, Texas, May u, 1862, died in camp at Vienna, La., 
October 3, 1863; Ignace Hebert, born and died in camp at Vienna, La., De- 
cember, 1863; Marie Eugenie Hamilton Hebert, Paul Octave Hebert, Pauline 
Octavie Hebert, and Penelope Lynch Adams Andrews Hebert, born in Iber- 
ville, La. The only surviving children of this family are Paul O. Hebert and 
Pauline Octavie Hebert ; the former is a civil engineer and a graduate of the 
Jesuit College, Spring Hill, Mobile, Ala., and of the Van Rensselaer Polytech- 
nic, Troy, N. Y. He married his first cousin, Angela Lewis Morse. Pauline 
Octavie Hebert, married George Boykin Saunders, of Atlanta, Ga., in August, 
1893, whose father was Dr. Simon Hardy Saunders, who married Victoria 
McCants. Before the war Dr. Saunders was a member of the Georgia legis- 
lature, and mayor of Griffin, Ga. During the war he was a surgeon, with the 
rank of major, in Doyle's regiment, the 53d of Georgia. He was a son of John 
Saunders and Virginia Boykin, of Southampton county, Va. The "immigrant 
ancestor" of the Saunders of Virginia, came from Monmouthshire, in the 
west of England, and was exiled fortaking part in the " Monmouth Rebellion." 
He patented lands in Goochland county, Va., in 1690. 

Virginia Boykin Saunders was a daughter of Major Simon Boykin, of 
Southampton county, Va., who was a descendant of Edward Boykin, of Wales, 
who settled in the Isle of Wight county, Va., and patented a great deal of 
land there in 1685. 

Mrs. Simon H. Saunders, was a daughter of Dr. Robert Pembroke 
McCants, of Alabama, and his wife Caroline Allen, a daughter of Judge George 
Allen, of Abbeville District, South Carolina, and his wife, Ruth Linton. These 
Aliens and Lintons were descendants of the Clark and Randolph families of 

" McDowall, McDougall, McDugall or McOul (Lord of Lorn), quarterly, 
first and fourth, arms : Az. a lion ramp, or ; second and third or a lymphad 
sa., with a beacon on the topmast ppr. Crest: An arm in armour embowed 
fesseways, couped ppr. holding a cross crosslet fitcht'e. Motto: Vincam vel 
mori." Burke. 

When Mrs. Elizabeth McDowell Welch was traveling in Europe she secured 
and brought home with her to the United States the arms above described, 
from the Herald's College, London, England, as the arms belonging to the 
M'Dowells of this country. The motto differs from that above in that it has 
Vincere in place of Vincam. 


The McDowells of this country and the old have intermarried with the 
Irvines so often that the Irvine pedigrees would hardly be complete without a 
short sketch of the McDowells. 

"Of all the fierce and warlike septs that ranged themselves beside the 
Campbells, under the leadership of the chiefs of the name, in the struggles so 
replete with deeds of crime and heroism, of oppression and stubborn resist- 
ance, which had their fruit in the overthrow of the right line of the Stuarts, 
there was none more respectable, nor one which more perfectly illustrated the 
best qualities of their race than the sons of Dowall. Sprung from Dougall, the 
son of Ronald, the son of the great and famous Somerland, they had, from the 
misty ages, marched and fought under the cloudberry bush, as the badge of 
their clan, and had marshalled under the banner of the ancient Lords of Lorn, 
the chiefs of their race. The form of McDowell was adopted by those of the 
McDougal clan who held lands in Galloway, to which they, the Black Gaels, had 
given its name. The latter branch became allied by blood and intermarriages 
with the Campbells, Presbyterians of the strictest sect, and, deeply imbued with 
the love of civil and religious freedom which has ever characterized the followers 
of John Knox, they found their natural leaders in the house of Argyle. In 
what degree related to the chiefs of the name was the McDowell who left 
behind him the hills of his native Argyleshire, to settle with others of his name 
and kindred and religion in the north of Ireland, during the protectorate of 
Cromwell, can not be accurately stated; he was, so far as can be gleaned from 
vague traditions, one of the most reputable of the colonists who there founded 
the race known as the ' Scotch Irish,' the characteristics of which have since 
been so splendidly attested by its heroes, scholars, orators, theologians and 
statesmen all over the world. This Scotch colonist, McDowell, had, among 
other children, a son Ephraim: which of itself, indicates that he was a child of 
the covenant. It was fitting that Ephraim McDowell should become, at the 
age of sixteen years, one of the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who flew to the 
defense of heroic Londonderry on the approach of McDonald of Antrim, on the 
9th of December, 1688, and that he should be one of the band who closed the 
gates against the native Irishry, intent on blood and rapine. During the long 
siege that followed, the memory of which will ever bid defiance to the effacing 
hand of time, and in which the devoted preacher, George Walker, and the 
b.rave Murray, at the head of their undisciplined fellow-citizens — farmers, shop- 
keepers, mechanics and apprentices, but Protestants and Presbyterians — suc- 
cessfully repelled the assaults of Rosen, Marmont, Persignan and Hamilton, 
the McDowell was conspicuous for endurance and bravery in a band where all 
were brave as the most heroic Greek who fell at Thermopylae. 

" The maiden name of the woman who became the worthy helpmeet of the 
Londonderry soldier boy was Margaret Irvine, his own full first cousin. She 
was a member of an honorable Scotch family who settled in Ireland at the 
same time as their kinspeople — the McDowells. The names Irvin, Irvine, 


Irving, Irwin and Erwin are identical — those bearing the name thus variously 
spelled being branches from the same tree. This name was, and is, one of note 
in Scotland, where those who bore it had intermarried with the most prominent 
families of the kingdom, breeding races of soldiers, statesmen, orators and 
divines. " 

Ephraim McDowell, 

"Who fought at Boyne river, as well as at Londonderry, was already an 
elderly man when, with his two sons, John and James, his two daughters, 
Mary and Margaret, and numerous kinsmen and co-religionists, he immigrated 
to America to build for himself and his a new home. * * * The exact date 
of his arrival in Pennsylvania is not known. Certain it is, that about 1729, 
Ephraim and his family, and numerous other McDowells, Irvines, Campbells, 
McElroys and Mitchells, came over and settled in the same Pennsylvania 
county." T. M. Green. 

The strong traits of character that marked the personality of the first 
McDowells and Irvines, distinguishes them still, and the love of warfare, that 
seems to lie at the very root of their nature, has made their names famous in 
all the wars of this country. 

Major Henry Clay McDowell. 

Prominent among the distinguished McDowells of Kentucky, and of the 
United States, is Major Henry C. McDowell of Lexington, Ky. 

Major McDowell is a direct descendant of John Irvine, the immigrant, 
who came to this country together with the seven Irvine brothers who arrived in 
this country in 1729. Ephraim McDowell, who married his cousin, Margaret 
Irvine, and who fought at Boyne River, or "Boyne Water," as the Irish say, 
and at Londonderry, came to America with the Campbells, McElroys, Mitchells 
and Irvines, all related to one another. 

Abram Irvine was the son of John Irvine, the immigrant. The daughter 
of Abram Irvine and Mary Dean, Anna, married Samuel McDowell. Major 
Henry C. McDowell is a grandson of Samuel McDowell and Anna Irvine. I 
copy a short notice of Major McDowell which appeared in a volume of "Ken- 
tucky Biographies " : 

"Henry Clay McDowell, son of William Adair McDowell and Maria 
Hawkins Harvey, born in Fincastle county, Virginia, in 1832, coming to Ken- 
tucky in 1839, when his father returned to his native State. He graduated at 


the Louisville Law School, and won his way to a successful practice in his 
profession, being for some years a partner of his brother-in-law. Judge Bland 
Ballard. He was among the earliest in Kentucky to take up arms for the 
Union on breaking out of the Civil War, and was commissioned by Mr. 
Lincoln as assistant Adjutant General, and served on the staff of Gen. Rous- 
seau and Gen. Boyle. He was afterwards commissioned by Mr. Lincoln as 
United States Marshal for Kentucky, being the same office held by his grand- 
father, Samuel McDowell, under commission of General Washington. 

"He married Anna Clay, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Clay, 
who was killed at the battle of Buena Vista, and was a son of the matchless 
orator, Henry Clay. 

" Major McDowell purchased Ashland, the home of his wife's grand- 
father, and lives at ease, devoting himself to agricultural pursuits, and giving 
some attention to the Lexington & Eastern Railway Companies, of which he 
is president. In politics he was first a Whig, later a Republican. 

" Major McDowell appears yet in his prime. The time to do him justice 
is far distant, it is to be hoped, as no man's history can be rightly written until 
his biographer may look from the beginning of his life to its close."' 

Another descendant of the same line as Major H. C. McDowell, was the 
late Judge Alexander Keith Marshall McDowell, who lies buried at Cyn- 
thiana, Ky. He was born in Mercer count)', Kentucky, in 1806. He was a 
soldier in the Black Hawk War and a soldier in the Confederate army in time of 
the late Civil War. Judge McDowell was as near perfect manhood as a human 
being could be. He was a scholar, a soldier and a true Christian. At the time 
of his death it was said -of him : Judge McDowell has bequeathed to his 
descendants a legacy of far more worth than the long line of ancestry from 
which he came, or the armorial bearing that would have been carved above his 
place of repose had he died in Scotland, the father of his people — a spotless 
name. Carve above his tomb, Resurgam. He was a true Christian. 

Major and Doctor Hervey McDowell. 

Dr. Hervey McDowell is the son of Capt. John Lyle McDowell and his 
wife, Nancy Vance. Major McDowell combines in a remarkable degree the 
traits of his family. About his manner there is a quiet reserve and a bearing 
that impress thoughtful observers with a certain knowledge that he is a thorough" 
gentleman, incapable of falsehood, without fear, and full of all the amenities of 

He graduated, in 1856, at a military school at Frankfort, Ky., and later at 
a celebrated medical college in St. Louis, Mo. 

He was, in the late Civil War, commissioned Major in the Confederate 


Army, and fought from its beginning to the close with the most dauntless 
courage. So much for the man in whose veins runs the blood of Dougall. the 
son of Roland. 

The Irvines, Irvins, Irvings, Ervines, Erwins of the Old Country 

and the New. 

I place the Irvines, etc., of the old country, first, inorder to prove the 
immutable law of hereditament. The germ of life in man is like the seed of the 
thistle that may be borne thousands of miles and fall into rich loam, and it will 
come up a thistle, as all of its fathers were. It may be warped by strong 
winds, or increased in size by the rich nourishment of its new home, but it will 
still bear the unmistakable marks of its ancestors, and wounds if one handles it 
too roughly. The same courage and strength of mind that the ancestors of 
the Irvines of the old country displayed on many a battlefield have been repeated 
by their descendants in this new land. The same ability in literature, statesman- 
ship and theology that characterized many an Irvine of the old country, have 
distinguished the Irvines of America. 

The training and easy living of many generations of pure-blooded men 
make aristocrats. The ease that wealth and careful training of many genera- 
tions of aristocrats give enervates and depletes them. They diminish in size 
and strength, and lose, in a measure, their hardihood and capacity to endure, 
but never lose the distinctive characteristics of their race. 

Read the long list of honors won by the Irvines of Scotland, England and 
Ireland, and then follow their descendants from 1729, when they first landed in 
Pennsylvania, down to the present time, and be convinced that the law of 
hereditament in man is as immutable as the law that governs the animal and 
vegetable worlds. Is not the blood in man as strong to paint its likeness, from 
generation to generation, as the sap that colors the rose on its tree with 
unchanging fidelity from year to year and from age to age, in all climates and 
in every land ? 

Irvines of the Old Country. 

I copy this passage from "The Scottish Nation," by William Anderson, 

page 537 : 

" Irvine, a surname of ancient standing in Scotland, supposed to have been 
originally Erevine, the latter word derived by some antiquarians, from the 
Celtic-Scythic Erin vine or fein, that is, a stout westland man ; Erin, west (the 
native name of Ireland, as lying west of Scotland), and vine, or fein, a strong, 


resolute man. Nisbet (System of Heraldry, Vol. II., App. p. 69) says that when 
the colonies of the Gauls came from the west coast of Spain and seated them- 
selves on the east coasts of Erin and in the west hills and islands of Albyn, the 
Erevines came to both these islands. In the latter country they had their seat 
in a part of Ayrshire, called Cunningham, and gave their name to the river and 
their own place of residence, now the town of Irvine. One of them, Crine 
Erwine, was abthane of Dull, and seneschal and collector of all the King's rents 
in the western isles. He married the Princess Beatrix, eldest daughter of 
Malcolm II., and was father of Duncan I., King of Scotland. Some of this 
family went to Dumfriesshire, and settled on the river Esk, where one of them 
obtained, by marriage, the lands of Bonshaw, in that county. A descendant 
of his, in the seventeenth century, rendered his name obnoxious by his cruel 
persecutions of the Covenanters." 

This passage confirms what Rev. Dr. Christopher Irvine, of Mountjoy, 
Omagh, Ireland, says in a recent letter to me about the Irvines. Rev. Dr. 
Christopher Irvine wrote a history of the Irvines of Bonshaw Irish branch, which 
has not been published. It was placed in the hands of a publisher for publica- 
tion, but the publisher failed in business and the manuscript history was lost. 
The following is the entire letter of Rev. Dr. Christopher Irvine : 

"The Irvines, Irvings, or Irwins, were one of the ancient original families, 
or clans, of Dumfriesshire, Scotland. They were located in Annandale, Evis- 
dale, Eskdale and Wanchopdale on the coast of this shire, close to the borders 
of England. They developed into five separate divisions or sub-clans by the 
year 1500, or the sixteenth century, and from the year 1600 became widely 
spread through England and Ireland. Between 1610 and 1660, the chief exodus 
to Ireland took place. Members of the different sub-clans settled in Ulster in the 
northern counties of that province. The Irvings of Bonshaw were the first, or 
chief sub-clans, and the Laird of Bonshaw was recognized as the chieftain of 
the whole Dumfriesshire clan or name. King Robert Bruce made one of this 
family, Sir William Irvine, his secretary, and gave him the Forest of Drum, in 
Aberdeenshire, and thus were derived the various branches of the name in the 
north of Scotland. The Irvines of Drum, the lineal descendants of Sir William, 
still retain the possessions granted them by Robert Bruce. 

" The Irvines of Bonshaw suffered much in the wars with England, Bonshaw 
having been several times taken and burned to the ground by the English 
armies. Edward Irving, of Bonshaw (1566 to 1605), was a turbulent chieftain, 
and carried on successful family feuds with rival clans — Maswells, Kirkpatricks, 
Bells, etc., for which he was outlawed by the Scottish government. He sur- 
vived the government outlawries and confiscations, and strengthened himself by 
alliances with the Johnstons, the most powerful of the Dumfriesshire clans, his 
son Christopher having married Margaret, the daughter of Johnston, chieftain 
of that clan. By this alliance the Johnstons and Irvines, with their allies, were 
able to defeat the Lord Warden at the head of the government troops at the 


battle of Dryfersands, 1593, so that the King had to make peace with them, and 
appoint Johnston his head warden. The descendants of this Christopher Irving 
continued to reside at Bonshaw, and the present owner, Colonel John Beaufin 
Irving, is the lineal heir. Among his predecessors who were distinguished as 
officers in the army was Sir Paulus Aeruilius Irving, Baronet. The next brother 
of Edward of Bonshaw was Christopher of Robigilland Annan, known by the 
border name of Black Christie. He was also a turbulent chief, engaged in the 
cause of Queen Mary, 1567, etc. His son, John, married Mary, daughter of 
Johnston, of Newlie, and their son, Christopher, settled in County Fermanagh, 
Ireland, in 161 3. From him are descended the Irvines, or Irvings, of Fermanagh, 
represented by Captain William D'Arcy Irvine of Castle Irvine. One of the 
sons of Christopher Irvine, Sir Gerard Irvine, Baronet, was greatly distinguished 
in the Irish Rebellion of 1641. He was an officer in the Royal Army and 
fought on the side of the King against the Roundheads, both in Ireland and 
Scotland. He was also engaged on the side of King William III. in the 
wars of 1689, and died that year in Duke Schomberg's camp in Dundalk. 
Colonel William Irvine, of Castle Irvine, presided over the great meeting of 
volunteers at Dungannon in 1782. The several younger branches of the family 
included the Irvines of Killadees, Greenhill, St. Aidens, etc. Though it may 
be hard to trace the several families of Irvines who settled in Ireland, yet they 
mostly all belonged to the Dumfriesshire clan, though some may have come 
from Aberdeen and the north of Scotland." 

Col. William Irvine, of Castle Irvine, born July 15, 1734; member for 
Ratoath in the Irish House of Commons, was High Sheriff County Ferma- 
nagh 1758 and of Tyrone 1768. He married, first, December 10, 1755, Hon. 
Flora Caroline Cole, daughter of John, first Lord Mount Florence; she died 
October 20, 1757, leaving a son, Christopher, died young. He married, 
second, February 23, 1760, Sophia, daughter of Gorges Lowther, Esq., of 
Kilrue, County Meath (by Judith his wife, daughter of John Usher and Mary 
his wife, only daughter of George, first Lord St. George), and had eight sons 
and eight daughters : 

I. GEORGE MARCUS, of whom presently. 
II. WILLIAM HENRY, Rector of Tara and Dunshaughlin, County Meath, 
Justice of Peace for that county, born 1763 ; married Elizabeth, daughter 
of James Hamilton, Esq., of Sheephill, County Dublin, and died 1839, 
leaving by her (who died April 26, 1859,) issue : 

1. Gorges Lowther, Rector of Rathregan, County Meath, married 
December, 1827, Henrietta Florence, daughter of Christopher 
Edmund John Nugent, Esq., of Bobsgrove, and by her (who died 
March, 1834,) had two daughters, Sophia, married John G. 
Holmes, Esq., of Rockwood, County Galway, and Henrietta, 
married Clement Hammerton, Esq., M. D. Rev. G. Irvine died 
November, 1838. 


2. James, Commander, Royal Navy, of Hardwick Place, Dublin, died 

unmarried, November, 1867. 

3. Henry, of Rosslare, County Wexford, and Kilmore, County 

Tyrone, born 1802; married 1829, Elizabeth, daughter of Ebe- 
nezer Radford Rowe, Esq., of B-allyharty, County Wexford, and 
twin sister of Sophia, wife of Sir Thomas Esmonde, Bart., and 
has issue, John William Henry, born 1831 ; William Henry, late 
Captain Third Regiment (Buffs), married Maria Jane, daughter of 
Arthur Edward Knox, Esq., of Castlerea, by Lady Jane Parsons 
his wife, daughter of Lawrence, second Earl of Rosse, and has a 
daughter, Edith. 

4. St. George Caulfeild, Rector of Kilmessan, County Meath, mar- 

ried Georgina, daughter of Nathaniel Preston, Esq., of Swains- 
town, County Meath, and had a daughter, Georgina, married 
Surgeon- Major McNalty. 

5. Hans, M. D., died unmarried. 

1. Charlotte, died unmarried, 1874. 

2. Harriet, died unmarried. 

3. Caroline, married Rev. John Lowe, Rector of Dunshaughlin, 

County Meath. 

died unmarried. 

IV. GEORGE ST. GEORGE, Major in the army, of Ballinabown, County 

Wexford, High Sheriff, 1804, born 1 77 1 ; married, first, Bridget, daughter 
of Maurice Howlin D'Arcy, Esq., of Cooline, County Wexford; she 
died without issue. He married, second, Frances, daughter of Robert 
Doyne, Esq., of Wells, County Wexford, and had issue: 

1. Edward Tottenham, of St. Aidans, County Wexford, Justice of the 
Peace and D. L., High Sheriff, County Wexford 1861, late 
Captain Sixteenth Lancers, born 1832; married 1S61, Eliza- 
beth Beatrice, daughter of Edward Gonne Bell, Esq., of Streams- 
town, County Mayo, and has had issue, Edward St. George 
Tottenham, born February 12, 1883; Mary Sophia Georgina, 
born February 13, 1863; died January 8, 1864. 

1. Frances Eleanor D'Arcy, married 1856, Rev. Charles Elring- 


2. Sophia Maria, married, first, 1852, James Butler, Esq., of 

Castile Crine ; second, i860, Col. I. H. Graham, and died 
May 8, 1887. 
V. HENRY WILLIAM, born 1772; married Rebecca Cooke, and had an 

only daughter, Rebecca, married David Onge, Esq. 
VI. AUDLEY MERVYN, born 1774; killed at Pondicherry. 
VII. JOHN CAULFEILD, Captain in the army, Justice of the Peace County 


Cork, born 1 781; married Mary Broderick, daughter and co-heir of 
Henry Mitchell, Esq., of Mitchellsfort, County Cork, and relict of Grice 
Smyth, Esq., of Ballinatray ; died without issue, 1850. 
VIII. HUGH LOWTHER, born 1783; killed at Monte Video. 
I. SOPHIA MARIA, wife of Captain Carew Smith. 
II. ELINOR JANE, wife of Henry Gonne Hell, Esq. 

III. FLORENCE ELIZABETH ANN, wife of William Rathborne, Esq. 

IV. OLIVIA EMILY, wife of George Lennox Conyngham, Esq. 
V. FRANCES MARY, wife of Jones Irwin, Esq., of County Sligo. 

VI. HARRIET, married John Carleton, Esq., of Mohill, County Leitrim. 
VII. LETITIA ST. PATRICIA MERVYN, wife of Colonel Alexander 

Stuart, only son of General James Stuart. 
VIII. ELIZABETH EMILY, wife first of Ebenezer Radford Rowe, Esq., of 
Ballyharty, County Wexford; and second, of Samuel Green, Esq. 
Col. Irvine died May, 1 8 14. His eldest son, Major Gorges Marcus Irvine, 
of Castle Irvine, born November 26, 1760; married March 31, 1788, Eliza- 
beth, daughter and heir of Judge D'Arcy, Esq., of Dunmow Castle, County 
Meath (by Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of Richard Nugent, Esq., of 
Robbinstown). (The D'Arcys of Dunmow, of whom Mr. D'Arcy-Irvine is 
the heir general, were descended from the baronial house of D'Arcy, after- 
wards Earls of Holderness. ) By the heiress of D'Arcy (who died 1829) Major 
Irvine had four sons and five daughters: 
I. WILLIAM D'ARCY, of whom hereafter. 
II. RICHARD, E. I. Co., born 1794, died without issue. 

III. GORGES MERVYN (Rev.), born 1798. 

IV. ST. GEORGE, born 1801 ; married Miss Catherine Fennell. 

V. SOMERSET, R. N., born 1809; married a daughter of Abraham Har- 

grave, Esq., of Cove, County Cork; died without issue 1850. 
I. LOUISA, born 1791. 

II. ELIZABETH, born 1795 ; married Marquis Fernando Incontri, of 

III. SUSANNA AMELIA, born 1797; died unmarried 1870. 

IV. SOPHIA, born 1799; married Arthur, Viscount Dungannon, and died 
March 21, 1880. 

V. LETITIA, born 1805; died unmarried April 5, 1884, aged 78. 

Major Irvine died November 28, 1847, and was succeeded by his eldest son. 

William D'Arcy Irvine, of Castle Irvine, born January 22, 1793, adopted 

the surname of D'Arcy. He married in 18 17, Maria, daughter of Sir Henry 

Crooke, first baronet of Cole Brooke, County Fermanagh, and by her (who died 

July 18, 1838) had issue: 


II. RICHARD D'ARCY, Treasurer of County Fermanagh, died unmarried 


III. WILLIAM D'ARCY, heir to his nephew. 

IV. FRANCIS D'ARCY, Major H..M. Indian Army, married 1854, Margaret, 
daughter of Col. Sewell, and has issue, William, Robert Judge, Somerset, 
Maria Elizabeth and Henrietta. 

V. ARTHUR D'ARCY, Captain in the Fermanagh Militia. 
VI. JOHN D'ARCY, Captain R. N., died 1885. 
I. ELIZABETH, wife of John Caldwell Bloomfield, Esq., of Castle Cald- 
well, County Fermanagh. 

Mr. Irvine died June 23, 1857, and was succeeded by his eldest son. 

Henry Mervyn D'Arcy Irvine, Esq., of Castle Irvine, High Sheriff County 
Tyrone 1851, who by royal license, April 27, 1861, assumed the additional 
surnames and arms of Mervyn and D'Arcy. He married October 16, 1862, 
Huntly Mary, eldest daughter of Hon. Francis Prittie, and by her (who died 
March 2, 1864) left at his decease, July, 1870, a son — 

HENRY HUNTLY D'ARCY IRVINE, Esq., of Castle Irvine, born 

August 14, 1863 : died unmarried January 9, 1882, and was succeeded by 

his uncle, William D'Arcy Irvine, now of Castle Irvine. 

Arms — Quarterly: First and fourth arg. a fess gu. between three holy- 
leaves vert, for Irvine; second, az. semt'e of cross-crosslets and three cinque- 
foils arg., for D'Arcy; Third, or, a chevron sa , for Mervyn. Crests — First, 
Irvine : A gauntlet fessways issuant out of a cloud and holding a thistle all ppr.; 
Second, D'Arcy; On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a bull passant sa., armed 
or; Third, A squirrel sejant ppr. cracking a nut gu. Motto — First, Irvine: 
Dum memor ipse mei ; Second, D'Arcy: Un Dieu, un roy ; Third, Mervyn; 
De Dieu est tout. 

Seat: Castle Irvine, Irvinestown. 

Irvine of Castle Irvine. 

Irvine, William D'Arcy, Esq., of Castle Irvine, County Fermanagh, form- 
erly Captain Sixty-seventh Regiment, Justice of Feace and D. L., High 
Sheriff 1885; born 1823; married 1858, Louisa, daughter of Captain Cock- 
burn, R. A., and has had issue : 

I. WILLIAM D'ARCY, Lieutenant Ninety-ninth Regiment, served in the 
Zulu War, and Captain Third Battalion Royal Inniskillen Fusileers; died 
unmarried September 25, 1879. 
II. CHARLES COCKBURN D'ARCY, Captain Third Battalion Inniskillen 
Fusileers, High Sheriff 1886, born 1863; married March 13, 1884, 
Fanny Kathleen, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Jesse Lloyd, of Bally- 
leck, County Monaghan, and has issue : 


1. Charles William, born 1885. 

2. Henry Cockburn, born 1886. 
I. Violet Kathleen, born 1888. 

Lixeage — The Irvines of Castle Irvine are of very ancient Scottish ances- 
try. They are directly descended from the livings of Bonshaw, Count)- Dum- 
fries, the first of the name on record being Robert de Herewine, a. d. 1226 
(see Irving of Bonshaw). 

Christopher Irvine, a lawyer, bred at the Temple, London, was the first of 

the family who settled in Ireland, upon a grant, from King James VI. of 

Scotland and I. of England, of lands in Fermanagh. He built Castle Irvine, 

which was burnt by the rebels in 1641. He lived till after the Restoration, and 

died in 1666, at an advanced age. He married his cousin, Blanche, daughter 

of Edward Irvine, Laird of Stapleton (see Irving of Bonshaw), and had issue: 

I. CHRISTOPHER, M. D., born 1618, Physician-General to the States of 

Scotland, Historiographer to King Charles II., married Margaret, 

daughter of James Wishart, Laird of Pittarow, second son of Sir James 

Wishart and Lady Jean Douglas, third daughter of William, ninth Earl 

of Angus, and died 1693, leaving issue: 

1. Christopher, M. D., of Castle Irvine, born about 1642; succeeding 

to the Castle Irvine estates on the death of his uncle, Sir Gerard. 
He was High Sheriff County Fermanagh 1690, and Member of 
Parliament for the county from 1703 to 1713; married Phoebe, 
daughter of Sir George Hume, Baronet, of Castle of Hume, and 
widow of Henry Blennerhassett, of Cavendish Castle, and died 
without issue May 9, 1714. She died 1710. 

2. James, Surgeon-General, of Dumfries, married Miss Maxwell, and 

had one son, Christopher, who died young. 

3. Thomas, married Sydney, daughter of Lancelot Carleton, of Ross- 

fad, and died without issue 1694. 

4. John, died unmarried, about 1698. 

II. GERARD (Sir) of Ardscragh, County Ty rone ' Lieutenant-Colonel in 
King Charles II. 's service before his Restoration, created a Baronet July 
31, 1677; died at Dundalk Camp 1689, a Lieutenant Colonel in the Earl 
of Granard's regiment in King William's service ; married, first, Catherine, 
daughter of Adam Cathcart, of Bandoragh, Scotland, and of Drumslager, 
County Tyrone (she died without issue); second, Mary, daughter of 
Major William Hamilton, and by her (who died 1685) had issue: 

i. Christopher, born 1654; married Deborah, daughter and co-heiress 
of Henry Blennerhassett, Esq., of Castle Hassett, Count)- Ferma- 
nagh, and died 1680 7'. />. s. p. 

2. Charles, Lieutenant of horse, died unmarried 1684. 

3. Gerard, drowned at Enniskillen School. 

1. Margaret, wife of John Crichton, ancestor of the Earls Erne. 


III. LANCELOT, died unmarried. 


I. MARGARET, married, first, Colonel Richard Bell, County Dumfries, 
and had issue; second, Captain Thomas Maxwell; and third, David 
Rhynd, of Derryvullen, County Fermanagh. 
II. MARION, married, first, Andrew Johnston, second son of James 
Johnston, Laird of Beirholme, County Dumfries; second, her cousin, 
Lancelot Carleton, of Rossfad, and had issue; and third, Captain John 
The third son, William Irvine, of Ballindulla, was a Lieutenant of horse 
under King Charles II. at the Battle of Worcester, where he was wounded; 
and High Sheriff for County Fermanagh 16S1. He married, first, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Herbert Gledstanes, a Colonel under Gustavus Adolphus, King of 
Sweden, and Governor of Walgast, and had issue : 
I. CHRISTOPHER, of whom afterwards. 
II. JOHN, ancestor of the Irvines of Killadeas (see Irvine of Killadeas). 

III. CHARLES, Lieutenant-Colonel; married March 8, 1698, Margaret King, 
sister of William King, D. D., Archbishop of Dublin, and died without 
issue 1745. 

IV. LANCELOT, Lieutenant in Brigadier Wolseley's Regiment of Innis- 
killen Horse; died unmarried 1 70 1. 

I. ELIZABETH, married, first, Samuel Eccles, Esq.; and second, 

Mayne, County Fermanagh. 
II. MARGARET, married William Humphreys, Esq., of Dromard, who was 
attainted by James II. in 1689. 

III. MARY, married James Johnston, Esq., High Sheriff, County Ferma- 
nagh, 1707. 

IV. KATHERINE, married Merrick Meige, Esq. of Greenhill, County 

V. MAGDALENE, married Robert Johnston, Esq. 
Mr. Irvine married secondly, Anne Armstrong, and by her had further 
issue : 

V. GERARD, Capt., of Greenhill, married Alice Forster, and died without 

issue March 21, 1755. 
VI. REBECCA, died young. 

The eldest son, Christopher Irvine, commonly called Colonel Irvine, suc- 
ceeded (on the fail of issue male of his uncles, Dr. Irvine and Sir Gerard 
Irvine) to the Castle Irvine estates, in 17 14, and was High Sheriff, County 
Fermanagh 17 16. He died 1723, having married first, 1683, Mary, daughter 
of Rev. Dr. Bernard, and by her had two daughters, Mary (Mrs. Hamilton), 
and Elizabeth ; and secondly, 1693, Dorothy Anne, daughter of Jeffry Brett, 
by whom he left at his decease — 


II. CHARLES, married first, Susan Ferguson, by whom he had : John, died 
unmarried, and Elizabeth, Mrs. Humphreys; secondly, Anne Irvine, by 
whom he had John; and thirdly, Elizabeth Grant, who died without 
The elder son, Christopher Irvine, Esq. of Castle Irvine, High Sheriff for 
Fermanagh 1725, born April 15, 1697; married 171S, first, Dorcas, daughter 
of Col. Alexander Montgomery, but by her had no issue. He married, sec- 
ondly, 1727, Elinor, daughter and ultimately co-heir of Audley Mervyn. Esq. 
of Trillick, County Tyrone (by Hon. Olivia Coote, daughter of Richard, first 
Lord Colloony) and by her (who died July, 1767) had issue : 
I. WILLIAM, his heir. 
II. HENRY, married 1759, Harriett, daughter of Benjamin Bunbury, Esq., of 
Kilfeacle, and had a daughter. Mary, married Col. John Caulfeild, of 
I. OLIVIA, died unmarried. 
II. MARY, died unmarried. 

III. ELIZABETH, died unmarried. 

IV. ELINOR, married June, 1766, Oliver Nugent, Esq., of Farrenconnel. 
Mr. Irvine died 1755. The elder son.