Skip to main content

Full text of "Italy"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 

liililina EnglUh, is 












■ l( p. ,i.) 







1 EDglis)!. 


.IB '1 Ai..lrl.n 




/toll. 1 CU. 





"'■ ■ "■ 1 " 







































, tij 







































































DuTUtCM. Si>l.^e tb„ ..-onnolubtloD of the Klngdau at tuly the M 

Tmusb mil" syrHon 

hu l,s,.n (D 

uKc throughout Itae 

enunlpy, hut the old ■ 
r»d In lb« «e<v Itf". ■ 

lUlUn mtgUo (pi. 1 

«,Ullm\ is Hi 

«!»■(. Olio Hilniditre li Ei)u:.L 1- U.IHIllS, iir nently 

/.Uui,uf iin 

KnUiab H 


ll III II w 

Unnisn uiliftiii i> equ*! t.i 1..19 liil..niiiro or I03U jd« 











• • • • < 






With 8 Maps and 32 Plans. -^--t 

J « 

W V -^ ' 


» ft 

^ %. •» n 


Fhe objects of the Handbook for lta\y, which cooBists of 
three volumes, esch complete in itsalf, ate to snpply the tritv- 
eller with aume informiition regariling the culture and art of 
the people he is about to visit, as well as regttrding the nat- 
ural features of the country, to render him us iodependent as 
possible of the services of guides and valets-de-place, to pro- 
tect him against extortion, and in every way to a^id him in 
deriving; enjoyment and iuatruetlon from his tour in one of 
the Daost fascinating oountrios in the world. The Handbook 
will ulso, it is hoped, be the meane of eaving the traveller 
many a trial of temper; for there is probably no country in 
Europe where the patience is more severely taxed than in 
some parts of Italy. 

The Handbook is founded on Che Editor's personal ac- 
quaintance with the places described, must of which he has 
repeatedly and carefully explored. As, however, changes 
are uonstantly taking place, he will highly appredate any 
communications with which travellers may kindly favour 
liim, if the result of their own observation. The Information 
alreitdy received from numerous correspondents , which he 
gratefully acknowledges, bus in many cases proved most 

The present volume, corresponding to the ninth German 
edition, has, like its predecessor, been thoronghly revised and 
considerably augmented. Its contents have been divided into 
groups of routes arranged historically and geographically 
i Piedmont. Ligitria. Lnmbardy. Venetia , The Emilia, and 
Tiacanyl , each section being provided with a prefatotij aiu.V»»a 
of the history of the district. To PtoJmmit a. S^'"'^'" "^^ 
Editor is indebted for tto mttoAtt.t.Wix's »s'C\e-t. « 
baa special reference to Sotftvonv ^^'^ ■* 

I toward a 


art-fa istorical notices prefixed fl 

of the larger towns and the principal picture -gallerieB. Tl 
admirable works of MessrS' Crowe and Cavalrastlle have all 
been laid exteoaively under contribution. 

The Maps and Plans , npon which Bpacial care has bet 
bestowed, will abundantly anffice for the uae of the ordinal 

Heights are given in EngliBh feet (I Engl. ft. >= 0,30' 
mitre), and Distances in EngliBh miles {comp. p. ii!. Tl 
Populations are given from the moat recent official Bunrce 
and in some cases may appear over-rated, from the fact i 
the returns applying to the political districts. 

Hotels (comp. p. iviii). Besides the modem pnlutial ai 
expensive eBtablishments, the Handbook also contains as 
lection of modest, old-fashioned inns, which not nnfrequent 
afford good accommodation atmoderatccharges. Theasterisl 
indicate those hotels which the Editor has reason to beliei 
from his own experience, as well as from information supplit 
by numerous travellers, to be respectable, clean, and reasw 
able. The value of these asterisks, it need hardly be observe' 
varies according to circumstances, tliose prefixed to tow 
hotels and village inns signifying respectively that tl 
establishments are good of their kind. At the same rime tl 
Editordoesnot doubt that comfortable qnarters may occasio! 
ally be obtained at inns which he has not recommended < 
even mentioned. The average charges are stated in aeoo 
dance with the Editor's own experience , or from the bi 
furnished to hiui by travellers. Although changes freqnei 
take place , and prices generally have an upward tenden 
the approximate Btutemont of these items which is tl 
supplied wilt at least enable the traveller to form nn estin 
of his probable expend! tnre. 

To hotel proprietors , tradesmen , and others the E 
begs to intimate that a character for fair dealing and cou 
travellers forms the solo passport to bis comn 
ion, and that advertisements of every kind nre strict 


Introdnction. ^ 

"'i. TrsTelling Eipeiiaes. Money xl 

II. Period »nil PUii of Tour lU 

III. Lbii^uski! %U 

IV. PiSB ports. Custom-hoaae. Lnggtige .... liv 
V. Buggara x» 

VI. Pricea and Qratuitieii xv 

VII. Railways STl 

VUl. Hotels ivlii 

IX. ReBtBDr«ntB, Caftfa, Oalerie ilx 

X. Slglitti, Theatres, etc x\ 

XI. PostOfflco. Telegraph iii 

XH. Climate. IlBalth ixii 

XIII. Dotes of RePcnt Eronta iiiii 

XIV. History of Art, by Prof. A. Sprini/er wi 

(At the end nf Ihe tH>Dh ia an Indei to Iha namea r>( the arri.'»9 meo- 

tldnnl In tlilg ekelcb and thruughuul Um lulume.l 

Riiutc ^ BoutM to ItaJy. p^^ 

1. I'rom Paris to Nine by Lyons and Mtcaeillea .... 1 

1. Frrim BtrBMborefBilel m Lyons 1 

a. YanclnsB ....'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. II 

i. FroiB TarascoB to St. Eemy . tl 

6. From TBrascoD to Ninici anil Mmtpqlliur 11 

6. Hyires 19 

1. From Paris fGennoa) to Turin by Mont Cenia .... 21 

2! From Bujooleno to Snia '. '. '.'.'.'.'. "H 

3. From Hartigny to Arona on the Lugo Magglora (and 
Miianj oiei the Simploii 24 

4. From LuBeme to BellliiMiia and Lugano over tbe St. 
Gotthsrd 27 

5. From Coiro to OoUco over Che Splligen 33 

1. From CaiTB 10 Blasca by the LBkminior .... - ■^_ 
!. Fnim Ciiire to BeUlm).>na by the Be™««wo 

6. From IniiBbruok to VawwfcVj iOsi]a^i*sK»«« 

t. FromTfenl W B.W«,i«.Oio\.iLi " "— " 
a. From Trent \a fiutano Vj O^ 

7. From 'Vienna to Tiioate. Se.TOme.Tm% * 

II. Fiedmoot 

mt From Turin to 
10. From Turin W Milsn by No- 
i, Frnm Santhfi to BiellB 

PuJIIee hi Ptgneri 

o Piscenz* hy Alesssniiriii 

13. Genan .... 
H. From aaiios to SUa 

1&. Nice snil lt« Envico 

D Nice to Turin by the Col 

nL LiKoria . 

Riviaia di Ponenta . 
Taniia . 

If Valdiei 

20. Lake of tlonio 

The Luke of LecEo 

21. From the Lake of Gomo tu the Lago Mi 
Ijogano and the Late of Lngano . . 

1. Ftoru Como to Laveno by Vareae 

2. From Como to Lnino by Lu^mio . 

3. From Managgio by Porleiia to Lugai 
12. Lago Maggiore. From Aronn to .Milan w 

23. From Streaa t< 

24. From Milan t 

Voghera (Oenoa) by Piila. Certo»8> d 

kl. From PaTii 
2. FroiB Pavia 
Froa CraoioM 
















Tiem Mtltn 

From LHCtin 
From MlUtl 


W Boreamo 

to Verom ....!.. 

... 171 

. - . 171 

From Breac 

Monte Apric 

The Lagd di 


Vernna . 
From Veroii 

The Bitbs 

a to TiMiio 

n the Vallelliiifl. 1 

ago d'lseo. 


10 Mori . 


Tenotia . 

. , . Ifti 

of Oecuam. 

From VicBOsa b. Brhi 

From Viceuii to Trevito 

Escoralun lo [he Villa 

From Padua to BsMsno . . 210 1 

From Veiiic 

iL. B Lmid 

- BelUi 

. Fropi 

. Aqni 

b. Se» Voy 

From MiUn 
Veil Bit 

to Trieste 
yii Ddine . 

■esia . - 

... 259 

... 260 

raine .o (!bi 

ige to Triest 


CorregeLo. Cs 


Piai^enza. Ri^geiu 

. _ . . 266 

, . . 'JflS. 270 

Modciit . 


Froni Padua 

bologiis , 
From Bolog 
From Bologi 

From (Oeno 

RoaA ffnm H 
to Foloeoa 
dria. Old to 

■ ■ : "« 

a to Floreii 
. The nid R 


aj Leghorn 

- ... 312 1 

Floteiire by Pini 

iid Euipoti 316 

From Pi»i 

Tta« Baihi 
Florenre . 
Eniirons of 

a. VI ale 

c'; PoEgio 

Florenw by Lu«(1b and Pistoja 
of Lueca 

. ... 330 

ri Com. ¥\ 




T<«N. A* »*■"- '^ 

il. CBrton In tbe Va] d'Ei 

e. The CHciae. Vill» CurcEB*. Vlll» Peltala .... 

Tin. Coriica 

Pnmi AJMclo lo 8. BnnifKlii, uid lo Basil 


7mm UnsliH lo Oapa Cnrio, S. FioroiiKU, knd Ctlvl 

LUt of Artists 

Kjtpi and PIahi, 

_!. Obkuul l(:ir uF N. Imr; before Uib Utla-pue. 
K EnvnoBB i.r Nick: B. Ifii belwccn pp. 101, US, 
■% UkuofCdhd ASDUtLuaiHU: EK. 19. SO. 21i bKlwDvn PP- O^. 


FB or Fl 


*. l(i. N 

CK. n, Ni 


». No 

«RA, 19. 


I. Travailing' SxpenisB. Honey. 

The CM)9l of a tour in Italy flepends of f 

triveller's roBources anij habits, but, m i rule, It iii'Pd llot eineed 
tb&t ineurrod in otber luuuli froqueiilod parte of the coutinenl. Thii 
■venge oitppiidttnTe of ■ single tnvelleT, -wiieu In luiri msy bn 
e(ttinBt«d it 25-30 franca per it,y, or M 12-15 fmica whoti a pro- 
loured stay la nisde at one plar.B ; but peraons anquainteil vltb tbe 
language and bsbita of tho nouiitry may eaeily [eetrlnt tbelr ei- 
pensBB 10 Hlili uarrower limits. Thoae who travel aa nipniherB of s 
party ei!eal a DOnsiderabln saving by Bhtriug tbe eipenaa of guides, 
onlages, and otlier items. When Udics aro of the party, the bk- 
peusea aro geuerally greater. 

Konsy. The Froiiob monetary syateni is now in use thtonghout 
the vrhole of Italy. Tbe haueQiTa or fra^ro^eantsin3 im cmtaimi; 
Ifr. BQe. -il». 1= 1 German mark ^ 50 Auatrian hrouiera. The 
predouB metals are rarely seen tii Italy. Iti copper (brotaa or rnniej 
there are coins of 1, 2, 5. and 10 centesiml. A piece of 5c. iB 
railed a loldo, or jou, and aa the lower ulaases often keep their ac- 
counts In soldi, the traveller -will find it aseful to lenustom bimaelf 
to this mode of rtfukoniiig. See also the Money Table opDOsiw. ft.>e 
title-page. ^ 

the war of IB66, al, a, 6Qro^«\«.ri t».W> o^ ut-^Vw^T^ ^ 
6ave entirely dlsapteaied tioia u<i\i«i^1 tXw.xJ^'-'--^ ^ 


(ilusof aniall notes have ttken their place. Kur Ihi'de the piir _, 

in moat nther countrieK arc quite uiiBoittiblp , hut uiie iJtpted mf 
(be purpoHe mny he hought lii Italy for 1 '/■yl ft. ; in adilltion to 
whioh t, Btroiig pouch far mpper will be Funnd uBefiil, The end- 
lew ysriety of banknotes with whiuli the noiintry was roimeFly 
inu[idateil hsB been cepUned by the BigllrUi Coninniall (1/ai ^i 2| 
5, 10, and 20 lire), Uiwi in eoiiimou tiy six buiUs (the Bano Nt- 
llonile, tho Banca Naziauole TosvalU. tbe Banas Toacana In- 
dUBtritle e Cunimerclats, the Baooa Itoinana, tbe Banoa di Mapoll, 
and the BfLiir* di Sieitia'), to wliirb thi> right of iaaaing paper moui^ 
ha* been reatricted. The traveller abaiild bo on hia guaid agaludt 
the forged iniltationa of these notes whinli are oucasionally met with. 

EstiUAHOB. EiiEliah ciri^iilar notes, aa well aa eiild and a'.lrer, 
»« worth coniiderably raoic than Italian banknotes ornomliially the 
lame value. Of late years the gain on the exchange has averaged 
about 10 per cent (a napiileoii, for example, realising about ^fr., 
and a sovecelgn 27i/s ft, ). If the traveller makes a payment in gold 
he is entitled to decline reeeiving baiikiioleB In ejohango, unless the 
differenae in value be taken into arwiint , bnl the full rate of ex- 
Dbauge ia rarely given except by respectable mociey-changers ( 'ouin- 
ilitmtlulu'l. Am a rule, these money-changers are tbe most aatia- 
fantory who publicly exhibit a list of the currant rates of exchange. 
The traveller should Uwaya be provided wtlh an abundaiit supply 
of small natea { 1, '2, and 5 fr, ), as it Is often difQi'-ult to change 
those of large amonnt. When a railway fare has to be paid It is a 
Wi«B preoaiitioii to be provided with the eiact sum beforehand tu 
order that mistakes or Impoaltion may be prevented. Besides the 
small notes, l-l'/a f'- 'n ''opper ahoiild also be r:arriod in a separate 
poivhet OF ponch. 

BsBT MoNBT FUB TUB Tot7n. CireuiaT Natet, obtainable at the 
principal English banks, furm the proper medium for the transport 
nf large sums, and realise the most tavourahle (•xuhange. Bngliah 
and German banknotea also realise more than their nomi'ial value. 
A modcratQ supply of fVmc/t Hold will also be fniind desirable. 
Sovertij/nt are received M the full value (about 3t;-2« fr."| by the 
principal hotel- keepers, but not in out-of-the-way places. 

^one;/ Orrffrs payable in Italy, for auma not exceeding 10(., are 
now granted by the Bnglisli Post Offlco nt tbe folhiwing rates : up 
to2(., 9d.; 5J., U. 6d. ; 71., "is. 3ii.; lOi,, 3«. These are paid In 
gold. The Identity of the receiver mast sometimes be guaraulced 
by two well-known residents, but au exhibition of the passport 
often Bufflces. The charge for money orders granted in Italy and 
payable In England is 40c, per U. sterling. 


II. Period and PUji of Toiir. 
BoMMl, Ab « gfliieml nile the apiing Knii niitiiinn montlts ire 
iH beet, sosBun for t, tour in N. Italy, esper.iully May tnrl ijep- 
t1ii: hi^At or aumuiei has attained ila dimai. 
and ['ii'ilmoiit ia generally a much roliJiM 
Beason tbsn U is In EiigUnil, but Nlru and the vliule nf the 
Riviera, Pi«a, anil Vniiine aftoril pleasant and elli^ltercil quarters. 
The height of Bumnier nan hardly be re Romju ended for travelling, 
The Bocnery, indeed, la then in perfeRtion, and the long dsyB are 
balled -nith satiafantlon by the eiitGrprlaliig traveller; but the 
flerce rays of an Italian ann Eoldom fall to impair tlie physical aild 
mental energies. This reanlt ie not occialnned so uiunh by the 
intensity as by the protratted duration of the heat, the sky bclTig 
frequently duudleea and not a drop of raiii falling for majiy weeks 
in Bui!r.eBBloii. The heat generally nnderates about the end of 
August, when the llret showers of autumn begin to refresli the 
parched atmosphere. 

Km, The travelLefa movemeiita must of Murie be regnlated 
In aeiwrdanve vith tile objects be baa in view, and with the time 
nnd money at his mmmand. The ehlef fientrea of attrantinn in 
M. Italy are Hllan. Venice, Genoa, and F^oronee. The follow- 
trg abort itinerary, benlnnlns at Turin and eniUng at Nice, though 
very far from exhaustive of the beanties of N. Italy, includes mast 
of the plaeea usually vlaitod, with the time required for a glimpse 

TVirin (R, 8) to the Lugo Miiggiore, Lago dt Lugano, 

To mian (R. 18) and eieursion tn Paoia [the Oen 
R, 2+1 

From Milan vi& Bergamo and Bractn to Veronu (R. 3l 

KxGuraion from Ueseniano ur Verona to the Lugo di (i. 
(.R. 30) 

From Verona to Padua (.RR, 33. 34^ 

From Puioa to Venice [R. 36) 

From Venice via Ferrara to Bologna {R. 43) 

■letwa (R, 41), 1 day. and 
10 {.R. 39), li/aJaj 

to Modena (R. 40) and Parma 
From Bologna to FiorenM (_R, 45) \ . ". '.'.'. . . 7 

From Florence to PUa I^RR. 48, 47) 1 

From Piaa to Otnoa (S.. 13), and excursion to Pegti (Villa 

Pallaviotni, p. 92) 2 

rrom Genoa to JViet (^R. 14) .' 

The traveller who ciiteYS ■\X*\^ Imia ?,«\'i.icev»»&. « ^^^^^^^ 
intends to rolnm tbtimg\i KU\uir (A CoetB "'^"'^f'^'VoXt Wi«- ' 
dfffloully in framing Ws Wneii«?j -w\"ftv'i'B« '-^?- ''a_isui«p" *^ 
Simplon, the St. Ootthatd, We BMWJtiV'nfl- «^* 


Breantr aro all iiitereatine roiitee, of whti-h the Sltnplor 
Splugsn Bre generally cuiiBiilertsd the finest in po"'' »' sccnnf, 
while the BreTiner, heing tmerBeii by a railwuy, is the moBt ron- 

Thu liixuriouB nhariDter of the Italian cliniile. vegeutlon, and 
snener;, the auft riahiieitii of the language, sn<l the eouttlier diui- 
nera of (he uppur dagsea will strike the tTiTpller moat forciblT If 
hK appromhi^s Italy (ot the flml titne f:oui Germa[i Swltierlind 
01 tlie Tyrol , the oharar.teriati™ of whii^h are of a lianher anil 
rougluT type. In thin ease ho ia rt:n^niineiidcil to quit the rMiuiilry 
vU?Kicf(l day I, farmai'laityX MnneUla{ii»i ^. /!r/M(Vjday|, 
.Vrni«|l ilayl. Avignon (.1 day I, and Ltjowi ( li. I (. all of wMrh 
■re worthy ef a visit, eveii eixut Italy. 

111. lAttgtufe. 

The lime and labour whi''h the IraTollpr has bentoweil on Ihe 
study of Italltin at home will bi' amply repaid «» he proiieoils nn his 
jonmey. la li iiuitepoBaible tor pcraolia eiillroly igiionml ot Italian 
and Freiioli to travi'l through Italy with tolerable comfort ; hot auch 
travellers iiaimot iioniuiiiOTitly deiistu from the ordinary traok, and 
■re moreover invariably made to pay 'utla lagltie' by boti'l- keepers 
■ud oikors, i. i^. r-onstderably mora than the ordinary ehargoa. French 
is vury aselul, as theluliaiia ari4 very partial to that langusge, and 
it may snflinn for Home and iwiiih of the main roiitcs ; but fUr thoio 
who desirti the utmost poaeible freedom, and who dialiku being im- 
poeed U[)on, a slight avquaiiitanne with the language of Ibu roantry 
is indlapenaable. f 

[V. FAssportB. Cnstom-Honie. Lnggtige. 

PaaiportS, lh»»gh iii.>tri'i|uiri^d iji luly, arv t>rtr.3sinnally neeful. 
KogisU^ied lettura, for example, will not be delivered to Btrallgera, 
uiilusa they exhibit apansport to prove Ibeir identity. In thr remote 
Muighhourhoodg, too, where the pubHo safely demanda a more 
rigoroua auperviaion, the traveller ia BomeHmea aaked for hit fire- 

k b» vroraa on the prmmHciaUim may bs auieptable to ] 

So^Dlad with the langnagu, C befurs i and 1 la pronoun 
ngllnb ch( If liefora • and i like J. Btforc othur voweli 
laril. Ok inA iK, which gBnenlly precmle i nr f, are hard. 
■r < t* llronuuncBil iiks Bb; fi and gl hatwesn vswels iJkf 

iTIUlBa fmata of Ibe edocatBd clamuu 'Ella' iir 'l.ol*, witli 
line., (fiOnW always bo employed (aiWrpmlng aeveral el iiBc 
Ike Sm pera pj». ^Voi^ ta iisad in addm^e- walten, di^v 
■runsv only whu ors orolii.-lenl in Iba langiiasa. -VuV \i-V 
■fMriMi amoae Ihr Nt'Ofinlilans, bol i» s.^nev»Us r^Miv 



lis, but tbi<t lemuk U Bl^are1y iieRfeaary In ii _ 
trIctB oDibmi'ad In this volume of t)ie Uandbouk. Tlie IMIIan po* 
lice Biithoritlea ars ganetftlly cMI and obliging. 

Cnatom-Hoiue. Ihi^ elimination of Inggnge ut the lEalfan 
cu9tuui-housea is geiiersll^ lenient. Tabaeeo and eigara are the ar- 
iclee Bhieflj ionght foe. At tbe gatet of niuat of the ICallati towns 
B tax (daslo consumo) la levied on KomeBtibleB , but itsvellen' 
luggage is passed ut (he bsiriet« (litnite datiarto) on a simple 
denlaration that it nonbiina no Huch articles. 

LngK^Be. iLpoeaible. luggage ahould never be sent to Italy 
by gnuda-train, as it la liable to damage, pilferage, and undue 
cuitnm-hnuBu dolL-ntian, if the traveller ia obliged to rorwaid it in 
this way, he should employ a trustworthy agent at the ftontiur anJ 
send him the keye. Aa a rule it ie adviaabte, and often in thn end 
lens expejiaive , never to part froin nne'f luggage , and lo super- 
Intend the custom-huueu examinatlOTi In person. 

V. B Began. 
BagBing, whirli was pountenaui'eil and eufiouraged under the 
old system of Italian polillra, still rantinues to be one of thoae na- 
tional nnisani'es to whirh tlie traveller must habituate IiimBelf. The 
present government I1119 adnptud energi-tii^ mo>gun-s for its supprss' 
Hinn, but hitherto with only partisl auiw.esa. The average Italian 
beggar is a mere ipirnlator, ami riot a deserving obj'e«t of nharity. 
The travelliT i^hnuld therefore ddclino to give anything, with the 
words, -non i^t nii'iite', iir a geatnre of refnsal. If 1 donation be 
baatowi-d, ii bIiipiiIiI I'linBii^t iil" tin' liiiialleBt poaalble eopper noiii. 

A bcggur. .\]v. nil 11 .liiiihi. ivas |hn-si>nted with 2ft. and thanked 

the dijTHii- niili till.' liiMhilj.tiiMis. w»a on another praaen lei I 
witli ."iOi\. lull llij:< ail ol HWraliu, inateail of being gratefully 
ar'i-cpted, tiniy railed forth the ri:niark in a halF-ufTuiided tune: 
'Ma, Signore, •• niultopowi!' 

VI. Ptieei and OiRtQitiea. 

Italian asllers are very apt to demand a ninftli higher prii'n than 
they will ultimately arrept; but n kiiowle'lee of the mistom. whirh 
ia hased upon the presniued Ignoranro of one of the iiontrartlng fur- 
tiea, practiully nentralhua ita efle<:t. Where IsrltTa and Hxed i-liarges 
exist, they should be ('arernlly consulted ; and when a I'^rtalji aver- 
age ptiije is eatablisliBd by custom, the traveller ihonld make a pre- 
cise bargain with ceapect to the artide to be bonght or the servlne 
to be rendered , and never rely on the equity of the at.\>.w -^^von- 
In naaee of dispute the traveller «bo \» \\aV ■iNvs^a'a^J^l ^^'^'f'^^^w 
with thH language ahould be .■,B,tefo\ wot x« la'.iynt'' """" *'* "^ 
/(( ifftd^h lie ia neneasatilv at a fetcM. AVsaA-'a.w^AS,^- 

Afariy ahopa iiiiw ptotes* W Viwe "ivs-eA ^^'i'^*''. ''^ "" 

LK nans) to ofCoT Kio-tliinln or thcee-quirlMB 

I iirice deinatided. The sanw fule »pplie8 bi sniiaiu, d 

|«tbers. 'NanvaUte?' (thmi jon will nut ?| la ■ renisrlt wl 

l illy h&a Ch» HUect of biiiigiiig the nialter to n speedy : 

I FuTohafleB Bhauld never lie made by the traveller nheu w 

■ lif «, vaUt'iU-pliice. These indtvittiiaU, by tacit agreemi 

Lfrvni the lellei at leait tO per cent of the purchase-moni 

I whloh uf eoiirse coiukb out of the pocket of the porrhatc 

travetlac should alwt.yi he ibuiidaiitiy supplieii 

Sper ™in in a euuiitry where trifling donatious are i 

F4etii»[id. Drivere, galdee, aiid other peraone of the san 

T' variably uxpui^, and often demand aa their right, a grati 

aanela, da btre, boltigiia. eaffi, fumaia) in add 

I hire agreed oii , varying aceoniing tu dciiuniatanp.ea fro 

a franc or more. The traveller need have no Bcruple 

I hia donations to the auiallest poaaible sums, as liberalit) 

f becomaa aaouice of aiinoynuuB and embarrassment. Th 

■*-ftatni is bestowed where two loUB would have Buflico 

I speedily bei^omea knuwn , and the donor is sure to be ' 

imetous other applir.anta whose demands it is iinpoasibi 

In Nonhum Italy the traveller will now Qiid compui 

LOses for complaint, as the ayatum of Sxeii charges J 

[ baing introdncpd at the howls and the shops. He wil 

Snd the puople with whom he comi^ii In eontart civil ai 

d if lie has some acquaintance with the language he 

meet with attempts at extortion. 

Til. Bailwayi. 

Northern Italy is now overspread with ao rompiete a 
railways that the traveller icill tiuldom use any othur c 
except on the Alpine routes and on the lakes. The rat 
ling is very moderate, and the trains are often behind i 
Hrst class carriagus are tolerably comfortaiile, the second 
to those of the Qerman railways, and resemble the £ 
French, while the third class ia chieBy frequented by 
orders. Among the eipressioiLS with whlnh the rail* 
an bacoma familiar are — 'ptonii' (ready), 
1 (departure), 'li oiimbia convogllo' (ehange carriages) , 
y legless). 

When about to start from a crowded station, the tr 

iiDVBnlent to have as nearly as possible the exact 

riefoie taking tlekets. In addition tuthe fare, aisxof !)r 

1 eseb tieket, and the eipreaa fares are 20 per c 

J than the ordinary. It ia also very important to lie at 

[.«»//>■, as, /n acCTirJance with the regultttioiv*, tVetttSuA- 

■ ' and the Inegage-nitllne 'f*^'- '^^'o^b v\w 4u^ 


f train. At tlja end of tha joufiiay titiki-ta are givnii up al 

exiiept ill the p*ae of tha vary largf Btalioiia, wliory t1iL>y Hn- TOllented 
G tlie passengers aliglit. 

'ha trBvalior should, If possible, know the waight of his lug- 
' gago spproiiiufttely , Iti order to g""^ *K»i"s' ImpositiBii (1 kilo- 
' gr»rainB ^ »bont 2'/s ">«-)■ "" l"ee*Be l« allowed free, e 

imill articlen (wbirh mDEt not exceedSOx lOx 12 invlieB] t&kL-n 

, by the passenger into his carriige. Fortets who oonvey luggage to 

tl from the CBiriiges are eDfflelenlly paid «i(h a few sous, vheie 

iie is no Six.ed tariff. Ihoee who intend to mako only a short 

atay at a place, eapeoially when the lawn Or village lies at a non- 

sidorable diatanee from the railway, bad better leave their heavier 

luggage at the station till their return (dure in dcpoiila . nr di- 

fofit'lre; 10c. per day for each article). 

The best euUactlon of time-tables is the 'lniJi<^nlnri! VfflrMe 
delte Strode Ferrate', etc.. (^published monthly by the Frateili Foan 
at Turin ; price Ih.), with whioh every traveller should bii pro- 
vided. A amaller edition, eoii&iied tti the railways of N. Italy (frr- 
mvU MiMta Italia), is also issued. 

Tuaouaa Tiokhtb to various parta of Italy are issued In Luiidoii 
(at the prLnelpal railway stations ; by Mesara. Couk & Son Fleet 
Street; etc. |, In Paris, and at ma[iy of the principal towns in Qer- 
many and Switzerland. They are generally available for 30 dayt, 
and oaoh paaeenger Is sUovreduU Kugl.lbs.ofluggage free. Tickets 
from Italy to Switzerland, Germany, etc. must be partly paid for 
in gild , even banknotes with the eiohinga added being refused 
Luggage may be registered either to tha travetler'a Qnal destiaatiim 
ir Id any one ot the stations tor which there are separate caupans 
n his ticket-book. Travellers about to cross the frontier in either 
dlrecUon are strongly reeommeiided to superintend tlie custom-house 
exuninatlou of luggage in person. 

CtaOutiJkH TiOKBTS faiagjfi cinotarij to the principal towns in 
lUly, the lUlian lakes, etc., available sometimes tor 50 days, may 

based in London, in Franoe, and In Oermany, as well as in i| 

Italy, at a reduction of 45 per sent (^bnt without > free allowance of 
luggage). For Mortheni Italy there are tipwarda of twelve different | 

circular tours, for which 10-30 days are allowed, and which are 
dH«crlbed In detail In Pozio's 'liidicatore Ufticiale'. These tickets 
require to be stamped at the otHce at eai^b fresh starting' point. | 

raveller quits the prescribed route, intending to r^'oiii it I 

It farther on, he ahould give notice of his intention to the f 

aapoitationt ot the place where he leavai the railway. ' 

Rbtuhn TiCKHTfl may often be ad vantaEeQinVi ««<*. ^B«. *'»'^ 
jtcnraions, but they are geneiaWu "i'iiWv.* Vo^'k-" *^'*"'* ""^i^-im**-' 
should also beobgetveil tbst U IVn WaNaWra »^'^*>'^*-^""'^4b Kvfw^ 
efiisdeHtiiiatioH ho forIe\tB IW i*W *^ '*''^'' ^"*"*t -^It '«■ ■«'*■ *" ' 
la which be ie prooeedini;. In teWi".\«?. 'Cft'* V'"'- .,^ j 

M. Italy I. bih SdiV. _ - ^r^i& 

itsrta trtito the end-station for 


V'lll. Hotel*. 

Finst Class Hotels, romfoitkbly HCtet) ■■ 
all the priudipal Tueurts of tnvelletB In Nortliorii Italy, moatr af 
having fixed uhitget : room 2'/^-^ '^■i hougle 75 n, to 1 fr. , ji 
dancit (excluBlve of tho 'tawhino' «nil porter) Ifr.. tilile i1 
4-<! fr. It has of lite buromo uDBtomiry to add l^r.. Ui the rl 
for table-d'hote for the ifle supplied to r«nl the bevPTSgea I I 
pnilonged stiy an agreement may generally be tiiaile with the 1 
lopJ for pension at a more moilerate rate. Virilors ace aipi,^^ ,^ 
to dine at the tablH d'h6te ; otherwise the charge for rooina il^^ ^J 
to be raised. The cnlstne i« a mixture of Prenirh and Italian. ^ 

Bharge tot the use of this hotel omnibus from the station to _^^ 
hotel U BO bigh l^l'l'/jfr.), that it is often cheapei to take a cab 
Payment of the hilt in gnld is not nbligatory. 

The Sboonu Olabb Hotels are thoroiiglily Italian in their ap 
langementa, and are rarely vary r.lean or comfortable. Tbe cbargei 
are little more than oilO-half of the above. Thoy have no tabli 
d'hote, but there la generally a trattoria cpniieetod with the boHBB, 
vhore TefTeshnients & la carte, or a dinner a prraio fti»o, may b( 
pToijured at any hour. These inns will often be found conveiitenl 
and ewnomli'Al by the ^oyagatr en garfon, and the better honset 
of this <;1bsb may even be visited by ladles. As a rule, it ia ; 
advisable to make enquiries as to ubarges beforebaiid. A dinner, 
for exaDiple at 2-8 fr. may be stipulated for , and in arranging as 
Co the ijfaarge fur a room the icrtiJEio e eanileia should not bo for- 
gotten. Exorbitant demands may generally be reduived without dif- 
Qitulty to reasonable limits, and even when nu previous agreeiui-iil 
has been made an extortii^nate bill may sometimes be surcessfuUy 
disputed, though not without lively disRussion. At the Binaller Inns 
■ fee of 1 fr. per day is nsually divided between the waiter and 
the facchino , or less for a prolonged stay. Copper nolna are never , 
despised by such recipients. 

HCItblb GABJiia and Fktvatb Afabtmsnib are recommended for I 
a prolonged stay. A distinct agreement as to rent should be made ' 
beforehand. WJien a whole suite of apartments ia hired, a written 
rjintract on stamped paper should be drawn up with the sid of some 
one acquainted with the language and castoms of the place [b. g. 
a hanker), in order that 'misunderstandings' may he prevented. 
For single travellers a verbsl agreement with regard to attendance, 
liueu, stoves and carpets in winter, a receptacle for coal, and other 
details will generally sufdce. 

The popular idea of cleanliness in Italy is behind the age, dirt 
being perhaps neutralised in the opinion of the natives by the bril- 
//vify i/f Ihefr ciimtte. The travellor wiil iate\i tnBw ^wm >«» 
boTiBOming iu botels and lodglliga Dll\ie'bea(.o\aaB-i\,\«,i.'Boso-«'ws 


K eating's) or ni 
»'ire, or gnats, 
Ing, during the i 

be pri'psred for pri' 
(lelevtetl, as they are legs likely tu har- 
□t repoae. Ingeut-powcler Ipolvere di Ftrti 
plioi somewhat repels their i ' "" 

3 a SDurte of gieztt annayance, and often of suffur- 
utuDin moTJtIis. Wtndowa should always be utG' 
fully clmed hefore a light la itiCroduced into the rooia. Light muiltn 
Durtains f'uinaaricri^ round the heds, niaaka for the faue , and 
gloves are employed to ward ulf the attacks of these pectin anions 
Intruders, The burning oF Insect powder over a spirit lamp is adso 
ieiv)iiimended , and paslillea may be purchased at the prinr.ipal 
eheniists' for the same purpose (see p. 213), A weak dilutiuii of 
carbullc acid in water is ufUcaeluns In allaying the diauomforts uu- 
casioned by the bitea. m 

IX. Bettanrants, Caiii, OsteHe. H 

Beataniuita (imttorie) are nhtelly freqaeiited by Italians mil 
gentlemen travolUng alone, but tlioae of thu better ulasa may tie 
vUIted by ladies also. Dinner may be obtained it la earti , an J 
sometimes ii pretio fiiso, at any hour between 12 and 7 or 8 p. m. , 
for 2-5 fr. ; the waiters eipect a gratuity of 2-B aotill. The diner 
who wiabes to contliie his eipBuses within reasonable limits should 
lefrain front ordering dishes not mantioiiBd in the bill of fare. 
Besidea the old-fashioned iraitorJe a number of 'rittavrantg' of a 
better class have recently been opened in some of the larger towns. 
The rnokery is generally French, and the chargea and arrangements 
are similar to those in other European cilica. The waiter is called 
earaeriirt, but the approved way of attracting his attention is by 
knoeking on the table. 

A late hour for the n)iief repast of the day should be chosen In 
winter, in order that the daylight may be pwtltably employed , 
early dinner ie preferable in summer when the midday hi 
idea eiertion. 
List of the ordinary dishes at the Italian restaurants. 
Xvpa, • 


DfMds, (DCnt Willi laii 
Bfbi, regeUblH. 

Jftilarila, aim|ile m 

niwcf*(o. root uf fuini 
Pmu frmtetr, lirMd m. 
(Ibe ttsllu il made 

0, wMte; d(ik>. nwesl; 


'e freqiianted toT breakfast and luneli, and in the evening 

Oaffi "^ro, or cotTen without milk, is usiully il 

40e,). UUcii 
wholwome ina nnmni 
Ths niiul viuiilt fr 

with rallk hsroK iBrvud (20^ c. 

lore of colTea »id ctancolkta (SO^C), I* romi 

ire ham, tanBagea, cntleU, lieefttiiaki! 

>Hs al 3D9D c. per portfos; or lii 
ninUa. or halfrmten Ice i:»n»»glc 



Olgui in Italy are a maiiopoly of Oavemment, and bad ; those 
under S'i soldi hanlly smokable. Good impnrted cigars may be 
bought at the beat shops In the Urge towns fur 2.5-60 e. eaoh. — 
Passers-bf are at liberty to avail tbeoiselves of the light bumiii| 
in HVery tobaPflonist'a, without mafclng any purchsee. 

X, Bights, Theatres, etc. 

Ghnxohel are open in the moniing till 120112. 30, aiidgenl 
again from 4 to T p. m. Visitors may inapect the works of 
even during divine service, provided they move about noia 
Bud keep aloof from the altar where the rlergy are ofhi'.latii 
the ORcasiDii of feativala the works of art are often entirely I'o 
by the temporary dewjratioiis. The verger fangrtalano, or n 
receives a Tim ul 30c -'/2^f- f'Osa a single ttftveV\ei , roon 
jartr. ifhia «erW«es are required. 




p il^ta re-gal 1 uri es , ami uther i^ullei^tiaiiB 
apeii from 10 tu 3 o'ulock. By a Uw ptsRRd ill 1875 all thi 
iDntiuiiE wblnh belong to goveTiiiiieiit are open ou week-ilsyB 
diargeaf I (r., STii] on Suiidaya (&ud BoniotiniBa on Thuradaya also) 
gTBtle. Thoy art: Rloend an tbo foUonliig pnblin hulldays: New 
Yetir's Day, Kpiphaiiy [ftth Jan.), the Monday and Tuesday during 
tbo Carnival, Palm Sunday, BnateT Sunday, Asnension Day, Whit- 
sunday, P£to de Dieu fCorpiia Christil , the Festa dello Statulo 
(UrBtSuiiday In Juiih), Aaaamption of the Vlrgiiu (^l!>th Aug.), and 
on ChtiBtmaa Day. A good many Otbot days are also somotinies ob- 
served as holidays, sui;Ii as the Thursday before tlio Carnival and 
the day satrcd to the loi^al patron saint. 

Talets de Place (serattorl rfi pimza) may be blrod at 5-G tr. per 
day. They are generally respeptable and truBtwortliy, but, as they 
hro seldom good judgos of what is really worth seeing, the tiiveller 
should spei^ify tn theiu the places he dedres to visit. Their services 
may generally well be dlupenaed with by those who are not preaaed. 
for time. Purchases should never be made, uar ooiitricts with n| 
turtni or other pcraoiia drawn up , in piBBeuUD or with the aid j| 
Gommisaloniiaire, as any ailRh Intervention tends considerably tt 
rre»e the priiies. 

Theatrei. Performancaa in the large theatrea begin 
or 9, and terminate at midnight or later, operae and ballets being 
exclusively perforniod. The drst aft of ui opera ia uaually sue 
Meded by a ballet of three arta or mnre. Verdi ia the most popular 
eompoHer. The pit (ptalia), to which the 'bij/iUtto d'mgreaso' gives 
acceas, ia the usual reaurt of the men , while the boxes and some- 
timea the stalla (seaniv ehiiisi, acdie chiuae, poKronc, atfiusli dietinti) 
are frnqiiented by Udiea. A bos ipalai) must aiwaya be aacured 
Ju advance. — A visit to some of the smaller tbeatraa, where 
dramas and i^omeillea are acted, Is recommended for the sake of ha- 
bituating the ear to the language. Performancua in summer take 
place in the open air, in which eaae amoklng la allowed. — The 
theatre la the uaual evening-rBBort of the Italians , who never ob- 
BBtve atrii^t alienee during the porformanre of the On 
Inatrnmontal music is rarely good. 

XI. ?oit OfUce. Telegmpb. 
Latten (whether 'poile rtetnnW, Italian 'fenna in pottn', or to 
the travi'llcr'a hotel) should be addreaaed very dtatinctly, and the 
namBoftheplai^Kabonldlia in Italian. When aakta^ 'iWw^ajE^*'* 
traveller should preaent his i.Ulttv.?, veLA\wt*B»&tA*:'\-w.'''^^^^, 
orally. Poatage-BtftinpB (fTdncobollH me «>\* '*',^'^'^^^|^^ ^\i'^ 
(bout tlie weight ul throe aoui) \o awj ol Mtei t.'w- 

postal iiiilou (^now niiiipristiiK the whaleofEurDpitl ' 
(eartotirui jxmlaltl iOt. ; hnak-piRketa 5 r. aad upwarde, > 
M •(■Igbt ; TORiitnHon-raD IraeeamandialoneJ 30 v. 

Lettura by tuwii-p<iet Ti c. ; throughout the kitiKdntii of ltal]r!20e, 
prepaid, or 30r. unptld. Pmt-Mrd lOr... with card fur amVW 
■ItMhcil 15 B. Ruak-paekel>, Me. por 10 gr«mmo»(I'/s at.}. 

In the larger towns the pmt-nrilre is opmi dully fromHorSa. aj i 
to 10 p.m. (ilEo oil Sundays atict holiday*)) in inallcT pUcM itts ' 
generally t^losed In the mlddlo of the day for two iit thmo hour*. 

Telegram of "20 wnrds to London 9fr. , to othiir parts uf Great 
Britain lOfr. , France 4, Oniniany 5. Swltterlaml 3. Auitrit 3 at 
4, Beluinm fi, Denmarii 7"/^, Ku»Bii 11, Sweden H, Norwny R'^ft. 
— To Amerira from S^/ffr. per word upwards, aci'Dnllng to tka 

Within the kingdom nf luly, ib words 1 fr. , eanh additional 
word 10 r.; tBlegtsmswiih spwiaWmteiMrprinuHitit^nlit, whiolt 
like preredenre of all others , whether Fur Inland or foreiun pl«i«g( 
may he sent at Hve times the above rates. 

Xll. Climate. Health. 

Climate. Mont travelleDi must iu some ilegree alter their mode 
nf IJTiog whilst iu Italy , without however Impllcllly adopting tVe 
Italian alylc. Inhabitants of more northurn countries genertUy 
bernnie annsnally Hiui-«[itlble to cold in Italy, and therefore should 
not omit (o be well supplied with warm rluthing for the wiotei, 
(ktrpeti and etoves, to the comforta of wbii'h the 'iMlians generally - 
appear indifferflnt, are indiepensshle in winter. A southern aspect 
In winter U an absolute enaentisl for delicate persons, and highly 
destiable for the robust. Colds are most easily raught after sunset, 
and In rsiny weather. Even In summer It is a wise precaution not 
to wear too light clothing. 

Exposnre to the snmmer-Hnu should bo avoided as much is po*^ ^ 
slble. According to a Hainan proverb, dogs and foreigners (Inglesl') 
alone walk in the sun, Christians In the shade. Umbrellss. ot 
spertadesofrolouredglse^Cgrey, concave glasses to protect the wholr 
eye are best), may bo used with advantage when a Valk in the sun 1 
uii avoid able. Blue veils are rerommeuded to ladies. Itcpose dutiu^ 
the hottest hours is advisable, and a moderate slesia U often refrosh- 
ing. "WlndowB should bo riosed at night. 

Healtll. KngllEh and Qerman medical men are to be met wllli 
in the larger dtles. The Italian tberapeutiu art does not enjoys 
very high reputation in the rest of Europe. English and Germa' 
chemists, where available, are recommended in preferenee to t) 
Italian. ]| ma/, however, be wise. \n libu raae of TnitVi.&^B« 'u^1^ 
^Aom Jeetl Bsuses, W employ native bWU. FDSB\EiiCT«ttetiiieB,vVi »A 


'Statrliteu ill lUly, wliioli is geiiecaliy ni:r.isiou<i( 
wonted heat. Tho liumniopsthie tiiiivtiire of Gxmphor miy be men- 
tioned BR a liiiDf dy, but regulated diet and tliorough repose are At 
Met degjdeFatH. 

XIII. Chronologieal Table of Becent KveutB. 

ll«y IB.' loaurceotion «l»8ple» qnelltd by Fprdin.n 
20. RadHtailiy'ii viclory ■( CurUMne, 



Rvlenki'B r 



B^eLky". V 



Pligbl of the 



Bd public pin 



Itsduliky-s « 


Cb«l.» Alb 

so! 0»rib»Wi defBiU. tho F 


II. LEghnm obiraied by tli 


6. Pesce eonel»<led botwse 

IfflO, A^ril 

4- Piu. IX. return. In Ron 




uplm Intel ik^K 

^ -.\.^ 



Emm»u»\ u 

1^ .,4 tml 









ntion lielweon 








of CobWiw. 

One of tlie primary objects a{ tlis enlightened tFavelleT In 
Is ususlly Hi fotm soine luquaiiilaiice with Ita troBaurea nt art. 
Even thoaa whose usual avni:flti(iiiB are of the most ptosaii'. „JS^ 
nsiure uiiconadloiialy hecoroe admirers of poetry and art in 
It«ly. The travel lor here HiiiIs tbeui ao interwoven with scenes of 
everyday life, that he eiirauuttrs their impress at every step, aud 
liivolutitarily l>ecoBie8 susi^eptible to their InQuenco. A single visit 
can hardly suffice to enable any one Jaatly to appredate the 
numecoua worka of art he nieeta vith in the course of his lour, noi 
can a gnide-booli teach htm to fathom the oiysterlouB depths of 
Italian creative genius, the past history of irhich is particularly at- 
tractive ; bnt the perusal of a few lemarlis on this subject will be 
found materially to enhance Che pleasure and facilitate the reaearches 
of even the moat unpretending lover of art. Worksofthe highest class, 
the most perfect creations of genias, loae notliing of their cbarni by 
being pointed out aa Bpectmena of the best period of art; white 
tlMse of inferior merit are Invested with far higher interest when 
they are shown to he necessary links in the chain of development, 
and When, on comparison with earlier or later worka, tlieir telativs 
defects or superiority ate recogniaed. The following observations, 
therefore, will hardly he deemed out uf plaue iu a wurfc designed to 
aid tha travolter in deriving the greatest possible amonnt of enjoy- 
ment and instruction from hia sojonrn in Italy. 

The two great epochs in the history of art which priiielpally 
arrest the attention are thoao ut Clasik Anliqtilty, and "f the (1^^^^^^ 
16th century, the Dulmlnatiui; period of the so-called Renaja- RKNiti 
sonee. The intervening spare of more than a thousand years '*»"' 
la usually, with mnch unfairness, almost entirely ignored; "■""* 
for this interval not only continues to exhibit veatlgea of the Urat 
epoch, but gradually paves the way for the second. It is a eommon 
error to suppose that in Italy aloue the character of ancient art can 
be thoroughly appreciated. This Idea dates from the period when no 
precise distinction was made between Greek and Roman art, ■■^jas^ 
the connection of the former with a. ^aW.\wA»s XasA. m;^ -m>*i«'' 
and the tendency of the lattei to ■^Mtiaa tlv. ''^'•''***^^^'^n^^s>ffl 
ware alike overlooked. Ni ' '^"' """ "^ 

Greek ortft\i\fc\* 

a.Yv\ Vft.-- 


dnepuc itidglit iiitu llic dctelopmciil or Holleiiin 
criDiiiiite coiifacion or Greek *iid Robiui stylus Is ii 

BaEci AKD >PP'Bhe]ided. Ve irs now well aware thit Ihe highect pei>- 
RuuH Fcution ot nnRiant arnhlteutuio Is rcaliaeil iii the HbllbHic 

Bttlkb Bia- temple alone. The Dorif. orilor, In whirh majosiic giaritj I* 

IWoouuiiP. gjpreBsed by massiTB proportions anda;niiiietri<«l ilecoritloii, 
Slid the Ionic etnieture, with Ita llf^htor and more granerul ehait- 
BRUir, exhibit a rreative spirit eiitlrely dllTereiit fruin that manl- 
featdd In the miniptuous Roman edlHi^es, Ai^aln, the ino4t valuable 
vullectinn iit ancient sculptures In Italy Is Inrjipiblo of affordiiiji; m 
admiiablK ai> inaif-lit Into the duvelopmenl of Greuk art aa the scnlp- 
tnruB or the Parthenon and other fragments of Greek temple -arnlil- 
tei'.tiire pruscrted In the ISritUh Museum. Hut, while Instruction U 
atfnrdod more abundantly by other than Italian saiirrea, ancient ut 
Is perhaps Ihoroaghly admired in Italy alone , where works of art 
cnmnnterlhe eye with more appropriate adjuncts, and where cUniata, 
aoeiiory, and people materially contribute to inieiiatfy their impraa- 
stienuss. Aa lonK ae a visit to Qreeoe and Asia Ulnor Is within the 
teai!hof romparatively few travellers, a sojourn in Italy may be lecom- 
mended as best calculated to afford instruption with respect to the 
g;rnwth orsni-ienl art. An addltianal Cai^iilty, morpover, ia afforded by 
the clri'iiuistance, that In accordance with an admirable custom of 
olaaslr aiiliquity the once perfected type of a plastic fli^re waa n<it 
a^iii arbitrarily abandoned, but rigidly adhered to, and continually 
Tepmduced. Thua In numeroua cases, where the more ancient 
Greek ori^na! bad been lost, it was preserved lii anhscquent copies; 
and eVBTi in the works of the Bomau Imperial ago HolleTiic creative 
talent is still reflected. 

Tliis supremacy of Oreek llitelled iu Italy waa established in a 
6sBti;K twofold manner, tn the flrst place (ireek colonista intre- 

iurBKiTK !■ dncod their ancient native style into their new homes. This 
*'^- ia proved by the oilstenco of several Doric temples in Si- 
cily, such aa thOBU of Selinunto (but not nit dating from the same 
period), and the ruined temples at Syrneu/t, Gkgenli, and Stgtita. 
On the mainland the so-called Temple of Neptune at Pailuin, 
as well as the rnins at MetapotOvm, are striking examples of the 
fully developed elegance and grandeur of the Doric order. Rut, In 'J 
the aeiwnd place, the art of the Greeks did not attain Its universal 
supremacy in Italy till a later period, when Hellas, nationally nrined, 
had learned lo obey the dictates of her mighty conqueror, and the ] 
Romans had begun to combine with their politicAl superiority the re- j 
flrienients of more advanced culture. The ancient scenes of artistic ' 
aiTtlvity in Greece [Athens for example) became re-peopled at 
the cost ot Kome; Greek works of art and Greek artists were In- 
lt"ilriced into Italy; and oaten tatloiis pride in the magnlflcence of i 
I'l-iir,! urijuired by victory led by an eas^ WarwWVow <i> ». l«\s. tor. I 
3ui-h ul-Jects. To surround themse\vea wiA wttivie ifttoin.feOTi'to.m . 


grkduiilly lieiume >he uiiIvhsbI tusti 
(oiLndKtioii of publ! moniiin(.nte rbd 
dispeusible duty uf guvoniment 

Altliough tliL Romar works of utt o( the unpenal epo 1i ire 
detldeilt iti origiiinlity ompmrod with thu Hretk yet thoir Roihb 
authors never deicenerkte info niere oopyiits or entirety re- iaoniT«o 

independent effort. This remark applies eapepliilly to "'"■■ 
tholrABCHiTRtmntR. Independently of thoGrueks, theandeutlCalUu 
nstiona, and nith them the Unmans, had ai:<]nired a knowledge or 
Blone-untting, ami lii-inviTnl thi' inuilioil of comtniutliig atohea 
and vault! nit. Willi itii^ hi IiuLmII; snd sdenti 11 lally Important 
art Ihey aimed at I'finiMiiiii;' (irril, ••miit,, the mlumn dupporting 
the entablature. 1h-- r.|i|ii'ir nl' ini'liitti'iure waa theni^dusUy ex- 
tended. One of thrj diii:l ri.:qiiiiL.M<iiiiit^ was now to conttrunt eiliflcea 
with apai^ioiiB interiors, nud several aluries tii height. No preuiee 
niudel was afforded hy Greek architeutnre , and yet the nurrent 
Ureek forms appeared too beautiful to be lightly disregarded. The 
Itomans Ihererore preferred to roinbiiie them with the aiuh-pria- 
itiplo, and apply this combination lolhoiniew architei^turil designs. 
The individuality of the Greek orders, and their originally un- 
alterablo eohereinie were thereby wnriHned, and divesleil of ninch 
of their Importance; that whiuh onre possessed a delliiile orgauic 
slgnifli^ance frequently aaaumed a snperfldal and derarativc iiharan- 
ler ; but the aggregate effer.t is always Impoeiiig, the ekill in blend- 
ing iwiitraets, and the direi^ting taste admirable. The lofty gravity 
of the />arii: Styltf miiat not he sought for at Rome. The Dorii: 

itae diflorBnl Gwek stylos. In llic Doric Ihs «Iisfl< vf ihe colomus 
twlthoul bajiert rMl Immedialplj on Lbe cnmmiin p»vi.meilt, in IhB Irjnio 

Immedlalcly a^jolD each alhor, beiai; vepiLnled by a sliarp ridge, while 
lluise uf Ihs luuie an didpuKtid in. pairii, fleparalud by bmad imAatud 

Id the Doric order ara lbs meUipea [urigiaally i^pcningfl, iiDb««quon1]y 
receding panels) and IrlKlTuhn (tablets wllb Iwci aneiilsr Enwes In (todC, 
■nd a liaff erooTS at facb end, ruembllni; cxiromilics of beaiai), aod in 

onlD lbs I 


(aimed <,{ acaolhut-leavus, la eesantiallT of a decorative character onlV' 
The rolluwing lutboleil tenne ibonld also l>o Qlwtrit\, ■^e»^»».^^ 
which lb« columns are nn hol\i sWes ™e\iii«*. \ii ^"^ ■^IJ?*"^;;;?^ 
(.re lemied 'in anils' {anlie = eofl-v"'*^'''!-. '■^'"■^ "^^^^iSSs^J 
Irciully M^/j^adorned by mliimiis, J'J^*^^':^'-^^„'5.Vi.e-,«»''"'=^ 


e haiida of Kunisn BrchitBcla lust 
of it« origliiml ch*r*Rter, aiul ww at loiigth (intircly iHmined. 
Ionic column also, auil cocresptiuiliug eiiUblature, witre r^arded 
with lasB favour thui those of the CorliithUn oiJor, the numptuoiia- 
neea uf which wu more I'viiiiciilil to thu ■rtisllu luto of tlut 
KomaliB. As the I'ltlnmii in Ituiiiaii srnhl texture was no iongCi 
dcstlllcil oxclusivaly to support ■ aiipcrBtriictiira , but fotmed t 
projecting poitioti uf tho wall, ui whb uf a pnmly ornniiieiitKl 
ehaiBctsr , the oiogt ornate forms were the most sougbl after. Tha 
griMwful Coriiithlaii i^pltal, cutisiiitliig of slightly drooplm 
acanthiiB-luaves, was at leiigtii regarded as liisufduiently enriched, 
Mid was Biiporieded by the BO-Mlled Roman eapilal (flrsl uand 
in the arch of Titusl, a union of thu Corinthian aTid Ionic. Ao 
ImpartUl jndgment leapevtiiig Ilomui architecture cannot, hoBeYor, 
be formed from a minute Inspectluii uf the individual ixilumiw, 
nor it the highest rank in importance to be sssii^ed to the Boman 
tewplBB, which, owing to the different (projoetlnj;") ooiwtruodon of 
their mofa, are eiiduded from comparison with the Greek. Atten- 
tian iDnst be directed to the seTecal -storied stnictiires, in which 
the tasteful ascending gradation uf the compunent parts, from 
the more massive (DorlcJ to the lighter (^ Corinth ian~), chleflr 
uresis the eye; and the vast and artisti'tally vaulted Interiors, ae 
well as the stnietnrea of a merely decorative description, mnat 
alio he examined , in order that the r.hief merits of Roman art 
Diay be •understood. In the tieo of coliimns In front of dosed 
walls (e.g. BB members uf a fai;adeV iu the r^nstructlou of domes 
above rlrciilsr interiorH, aud of cylliidrlral and groined vaulting 
over oblong spaces, the Roman edilli'«B have served as modela to 
posterity, and the Imltatluns have often fallen short of the originals. 
It is true that in the districts to which this volume uf (ho Hand- 
book is devoted, the splendour and beauty of ancient art is not so 
prWnluoutiy illustrated as In Roirie or S. Italy. Nevertheless N, 
Italy aUo uontains many luterestlng relli^ of Roman archltectate 
(siidi as the Amphitheatre at Verona, theTriumphal AriidieBatXoata 
and Sma, ete.], and Chough the smaller locsl collecriuns of L-om- 
bardy and Tuscany may not detain (he traveller long, he will un- 
doubtedly tlnd umple food for his admiration In the mRgnlUceDt 
antique sculptures at Florence (tlie Niabe Group, the ApnUhm, the 
formerly over-rated Med ieean Vtmti, etc.). — Upper Italy and Tus- 


ItKtiil, on the other haiid, in the very forefront £ 
life of the middle sgoa »iiil eirly ItenniBBMire , inrt Venice m»y 
prondly boast of hsvine hrUUantly imfDlilBd the glories nf lt*liau 
paintiag at a time when that nit baij gunk at Itotite to tho lowest 
depths. In order, howe''BT, to put thu reader into a proper polut 
of view foe appreciating the dovelopnient of art in N, Italy. It Is 
neneeaaiy tu give a short eketeh of the progress of Italian art in 
general fmm the early part of the middle ages onwards. 

In the 4tli ceiitury the heathen world, whinh had long been in 
a tottering i:ond!t!on, at length became Chriatiaiiised, and a Cimiaii. 
new period of art began. This Is sometimoa erroneoaaly re- Pieioi 
garded as the roBult of a forcible mpture from annieut "' -'^"'' 
Roman art, and ■ endden and spontaneous invention of a new style. 
But the eye and the hand adhere to nustom more tenaciously than 
the mind. While new ideas, and altered views of the character of 
the Deity and the destination of man were entertained, the wonted 
forms were still nedesaarlly employed In the expreaaion of these 
thoughts. Moreover the heathen sovereigns had by no means beau 
unremittingly hostile to Christianity (the moat bitter pBrseeuttona 
did not take plaice till the 3rd century^, and the new dortrinea were 
permitted to espand, take deapar root, and organise themselvBB in 
the midst of heathen audfty. The cnnsegnence was, that the trans- 
ition from hestben to Christian Ideas of act wae a gradual one, snd 
that in point of form early Chriatian art Kontinued to follow iip the 
taaka of the ancient. The heat proof of this la afforded by the 
paintings o! the Rom&n CATAcoHsa. These were by no rnoans ori- 
ginally the senret, anxionaly concealed planea of refuge of the pri- 
mitive Christiaua, hut constituted their legally renognlsed. pnhlicly 
aneessible borlal-plaoes. Reared tn the midst of the coBtoma of 
heathen Home, the Christian community perMived no neceasity to 
deviate from the sitistic principles of antiquity. In the embellish- 
ment nf the catacombs they adhered to the decorative forma handed 
dovm by their anceat^ira ; and in design, choice of nolour, grouping 
nf figiirea, and treatment of subject, they were entirely guided by 
the ouatomary rules. Even the BarcophaguB-acnlptures of the 4lh 
and 5th centuries differ in purport only, and not in technical treat- 
ment, from the type exhibited in the tomb-reliefa of heathen Itnme. 
Five centuries elapsed before a new artistic style sprang up in the 
plntorinl , and the greatly neglected plastic arts. Meanwhile archi- 
tecture liad developed Itaelf commenauratoly with the requirements 
a f Chriatian worship, and, In eonnecrion with the new modes of 
building, painting acqnired a different chacaMer, 

The terra BiatLrCA-STrLB is often emploveA tis ftasS-^ja^Hi ««^^;\ 
Christian arnhiteotnre down tn ttie ^^itti teW^ar^. "*'^'' '^'**^_ ™ 
is of great antiquity, but Ute & t(.\ftl»VB V. wa-?^™.* "^^,3^^ 
ear/y Christian bn8iiic,BB'poaBeafte4tt\\^*ft"\?,>>e^«^'*-'V^j_T^^a»rt' 
naoiB in L-ommon wltV\ flioaa ottt\Bl*«ia«" l"^*- 


lie lown« on^H 
■lid pDbllo ^^ 

I ri.pni ttnin (hK 

Intet, »hich are proved to have eiUled in mnal ur llie U 
UuuiBii umpire, ind aened «s rourU of judlnuture uid p 
aembly'hilU, dlflu eBeeiiilally in their oiii^n and ri<rni frnn tin 
r.hur'illeB of tliB ChrLitUna. Th« FiirHnatR basllku wore iiuilber ttt~ 
led up tor the pnrpoaet of ChristEan worship, nor did the), oi the 
beathuii teuiplee, serve u uiucleU toi the RDnstnintlon of I'hrlHlwt 
Rhiirchos. The Utter tre rather to be regarded as extBiislons of the 
privito dwelllng-hoUHeB of the Koniiiu, where the Urat auHmbllw 
of the I'Omniunlty went held , and the eoniponent p*rl« of vhlnll 
vete reproduced In cnclesUitleBl eillUres. The vhurvh. hovevpT, 
TTii by no means a servile Imitation of the house, hot a free deial- 
Opment from It. of nhlch the folloniiiK became the e«tablt*hed 
type. A sniaU portlno bume by I'atnnina leaila to the anterior cwHrt 
(atrium I, aurroiinded by ntlaiinades and provided with a foimt»lD 
(nmthSTUs) In the mMk: ihu eastern colonnade Is the approach bt 
the Interior of the church, whinh usually consisted of ■ nivv and 
two aisles, the latter lower thaii the former, and ceparated from It 
by two rows of columns, the whole terminating in a semloirele(^ap- 
ita). In front of the apse there was snmetinies a transverse spaM 
(Iransept^l ; the altar, aunnoiinttid by a columnar strutture, oeouptod I 
■ detaiiheil pasitloii in the apse; the apace in front of It, bounded 
by flancellt or railing, was destined for the choir of oCfletatlnf i 
priests, and cuntained the two pulpits [smbonea) vhere the gospel 
anil epistles were read, linlike the ancient temples, tha eailp , 
Christian basilicas exhibit a neglect of external arehllectiire, the 
nhief Importance boin^ attached to the interior, the decoratiDiu of 
«hteh, however, eapei'Ially i[i early niedisTal times, were often pto- 
ruted by plundertng the ancient Roman ediHcjts, and transferring 
them to the ehiinihes with little regard to hannony of style and 
material. The most appropriate ornaments of the nhurchea were the 
inetallio objects, aui^h s.s crosses and luatrea, and the tapestry ba- 
■towed on Ihom by papal piety ; while the chief decoration of the 
walla oonslBted of moaaios, especislly those covaring the baok~ 
gtoiiiid of the apse and the 'trlampfaal' arch which separates th« 
■pse from the nare. The mosaics, as far at least as the material 
waa concerned, were of a sterling monumental character, snd con- 
trlbnted to give rise to a new style of pictorial art; in them *n- 
rleilt tradition was fur the drat time abandoned, ajid the harsh and 
ansbire style erroneously termed Byiantine gradually Introduced. 
Christian art origlnatod at Rome , but Its development «■»• 
actively promoted in other Italian districts, espeuiaily at K&vbnna, 

where during the Ostrogothic supremacy |_493-55a), as well 
'^^^"" as under the saoceedlng Byisutlne empire, arehltectars 

was EHaloasly caltivited. The baslUca'type was there mote 
highly niatured, the external archiientiire enlivened by low arches 
tud projecting 6utlreB8i». and the cap\t»\B ol iVo vnSwwira. \i\ 'fitit 
^pterior tppropriitely moulded with leteievice «i *>b ■iM^AiiWMH- 


"itches. There, too. the irt of moB»ln paintinL 
lousl; cuttivUei], exhibiting in its etrlier epecimens [In jS. Oia- 
connJ (n FonU and S, Nasario t Celao) grater leahnli:sl excelleiii'e 
■nd better drawing than the contempotaiittoua Roman works, At 
Kavenna the Wealcm style also appears in combiiiation with the 
Easlem, and tho church of S. Vitatc (dating (lom 547] may he 
rsganliKJ as a Une example of a Byzantine atructoie. 

The term 'Byzahtikb' ia often misapplied. Every work ofthe 
ensealled dark reiitnries of the middle ages, everything in aichl- 
teuCure that intervenes between the ancient and the Qothle, every- 
thing in painting which repels by lis onuonth , ilL-proportloned 
forma, is apt to be termed Byzantine; and it is rammunly supposed 
that the pra«tir« of art in Italy was entnistei) exduelvely tii Py~ 
liantlne hands from the fall of the Western Empire to aii ad- 
vanced period of the 13lh century. Tbia belief In the uiilveraal 
and uiiqnaltfled prevalence of the Byzantine stylo, aa well as the 
Idea that it is invariably t>f a cJumsy and lifeless character, is 
entirely unfounded. The forms of Byiaiitliie archltei'ture are 
at least strongly snd clearly dellned. While the baslllea is ■ 
long - extended hall, over which the eye Is cumpelleil to range 
untti it Hilda a natural rsating-place in the recess of the apse, 
every By«antine structure may be drconi scribed with a cnrveil 
line. The aisles, which in the basilica mn parallel with the 
nave, degenerate In the Byzantine style to narrow and in- 
signillcant passages; the apae tnaes its intimate connection with 
tlie nave, being separated from it; the most conspiouous feature 
in the building noiisists of the central square apace, buundei) 
by four massiive pillars which support the dome. These are the 
essential oharacteriatlcd of the Byzantine style, which cntminatea 
ill the magnlHceiit church of S, Sophia, and prevails throughout 
Oriental Christendom, but in the West, including Italy, only 
occurs sporadically. With the etoeption of the churches of 8. Vi- 
tale at Ravenna, and St. Mark at Venice, the edifices of Lower 
Italy alone show a frequent application of this style. 

The Byzantine Imagination does not appear to have exercised ■ 
greater influence on the growth of other branches of Italian osuwi 
art than on aIohitel^turB. A briak trafUc in works of art or Art 
was carried on by Venice, AmalU , and other Italian towns, li*i<< 
with the Levant; the position of Constantinople resembled that of 
the modem Lyons; sUk wares, tapestry, and jewellery were miat 
highly valued when imported from the Eaatem metropolis. By- 
zantine artists were always weloome visitors to Italy, Italian ron- 
noissGurs ordered works to be executed at CanataDtiuople, ahUfi^ 
those in metal, and the superiority of BTi,«.\>ijMa -«'s*»ssi.-i" "^^ 
was universally acknowledgefli. ii\\'CWa,\Mfwe^w,'isi''*'^ 
the inference that Italian ail ^aa lyAlB. sB.'ftwKv^"-'^ ^^^ 
On the contrary , notwltbatit\Au\tt ■iM\a«» t!.-wS»««* 


entirely abaiiilaned ita aiiciunt priiiolpliu. A ixinRidenble Intd 
inrletKl Hlkpauil heroru the fusion of the Dri);iiial inhftbitsnu i 
the early inedlsvul imiuigriiitc wm itainplete, bafore the i^giej 
of diftereut tribes, Ungusgea, gusIodis, aiid Ideu bei^auie Men 
into ■ alngle nBtlonnUty, and before the people Uttilieil suritc' 
CDl1<^entrlltioIl and independenre of spirit to devote therniel 
auRceasfuUy to the cultivation of art. Unproductive in the [ 
vlnoe uf art u this early period is, yet sii entire departure Fi 
native tradition, or a Berioua rantlir.t uf the liittei with Hitrane 
innovation never toolt place. It may be uimittad. that In 
massive w)lnDins and cumbrous napltaU of the lOiuri'.lies of Up -^^ ^ 
Italy, mid In the art of vaulting which vrag developed here at'^^ 
early period, aymptouis of the tiennanic charsr^er uf the inlia'W- 
taiita are manifested, ami that in the Lower Italian and eflpe«iaay 
SEolHin structures, traces of Arabian and Norman iuflueiieo are 
iinmlstaliable. in the eaHBiitlals, however, the forcignerB contiuuB 
to be the lei^ipienta ^ the might of ancient tradition, and the natio- 
nal idea of form could not be repressed or superseded. 

About the middle of the 1 1th centnry a zealous and promii- 
ItuHin- 'i^E artistic movement tooli place in Italy, and the seaili 
EHiiDK were sown nhlRh three or four centurias later yielded ao 
Htiu. Imnriant a growth. Aa yet nothing waa matured, nothtnf 
completed, the aim waa obsnure, tlie msoutces iiisufdolent ; meao- 
while aTchitectuiE alone satisUed artietiR requirements, tins at- 
tempts at painting and sculpture being barbarous in the ex- [ 
treme; these, however, were the germs of the subsequent devel- ^ 
opment of art observable aa eaily as the 11th and l'2th centniies. 
This has been aptly designated the Romanesque period (^llth- 
13th cent.), and the then prevalent forms of art the Bo- 
Dunuqne Style. As the Roaiatice languages , notwithstanding 
alterations, additiona, and corruptions, maintain their relation of 
daughtership to the language of the Romans, ao Romaneique ait, 
In spite of ita rude and barbarous aapect, reveals ite immediate 
descent &Dm the art of that people. The Tuscan towns weie the 
pTinoipal scene of the proseontion of mediievBl art. There an in- 
dustrial population gradually arose, treasures of commerce VBia 
collected, independent views of life were ai^nired in active patty- 
RonQicts, loftier common interests became interwoven with those 
of private life, and education entered a broader and more enlight- 
ened traak; and thus a taste for srt also waa awaliened, and 
(Bathetic perception developed itself. When Italian architectura 
of the Romanesque period is examined, the difference between lU 
nharactet and that of contemporaneoua northern works is at ooi« 
.■^parent. In the Utter the principal aim ia perfection in the 

r'stnirtloii of vaulting. French, KiigUa^i, miA GeTmsn s^\wtA«« 
anqiiBstionahly the more orgaiiicalV^ ran'-«Wei\, x>\k. WftWii-asi 


putB ire mote iiiaepiiisble snil more apptoprlsttily arTHiiged. 
the Bubordiiiotloii of all other ainie to th&t of the tea 
enrnte formation of the vaulting does not admit of an unrBstrilned 
manifoitstlon of tTia genais of form. The columns « 
leiiy, ByiDmetry and harmony In the mnatitnHnt niBmbere tc 
diiregnrded. On ltali*n soil new architectural idesB are rarely 
fbund, con BtructiTe boldneu notbeinK here the chief objent; oii the 
other hand, the decoratlTe arrangements are richer and more grate- 
ful, the BGnae of rhythm and symmetry mare pronnnnced. The cathe- 
dral of Piea, foundeil aa early BB the 11th eentury, or the church 
of S. Miniate near Florence, datinil; from the 12tli, may be taken 
KB an exampl? of this. The interior with ite lona of TOlamiiB, the 
mouldingB throDghoiit, and the Hat ceiling recall the baailica-type; 
Trhile the exterior, especially the fai^sde destitote of tower, with 
the small arcades one above the other, and the variegated mloura 
of the courses of stone , preaenta a &ne decorative effect. At the 
same time the conatruction and decoratioo of the ^alls already 
evince a taste for the elegant proportions which we admire in later 
Italian Btniiiturea ; the formation of the capitals, wid the design of 
the ontliiiea prove that the precepts of antiquity were not entirely 
forgotten. In the Baptistery of Florence (8. Giovannil a definite 
Soman structure (^the Pantheon) has even been imitated. A pe- 
caliar oonsemtive spirit pervades the mediwvsl architecture of 
Italy; artists do not aim at an unlinown and remote object; 
the ideal which they have in view, although perhaps inetinfitive- 
ly only, lies in the past; to conjure up thie, and bring about 
> Benaissance of the antique, appeara to be the goal of their 
aspirations. They apply themselves to their task with calmness 
and concentration, they indulge In no bold or novel schemes, but 
are content to display their love of form in the enonutlon of details. 
"What architecture as a whole loses in historii*! attractian is 
eompenaatod tor by the beauty of the individual edifices. While 
the North posaeases structures of greater importmce in the history 
of the development of art, Italy boasta of a far greater number of 
jileaeiitg works. 

1'here is hardly a district in Italy which does not boast of 
interesting examples of Komanesqne ainhllectnre. At Verona we 
may mention the famous church of St. Zeno with Its scalp- Koniiii- 
tured portals. In the same style are the cathedrals of Far- hsob 
rara, Modena, Farma, and Rocento, the church of 8, Am- t!n««BHrs 
brogio at Jmcan, with its characterlsElc fore-nonrt and facade, and 
that of S. Hichele at Pdniii, erroneously attrlboted to the Lombardi. 
Tuscany abounds with Romanesque edifices. Among these the qdio- 
Is due to the cathedral of Pita, a chutcli -A vftK^ssaa. ».-nvWNa«»-^'™;_ 
the interior, snpetbly embeWttVeft. vi\ftv \\* T»M"Ae ""^ '^"*^J^^^^ 
■nd thn rows of colomns onUa lw,».ic. ■^'''*^*'*J?^v«^'"- 
helong (he neighbouring LemVivg tciwa\*- '^* **^ ^ 


apv tni tfar ' 

BhuTiiliBa of Lueea sro rxipies of Ihost bI PIm. Thoso ■ 

hoWBTer, Bur.h u the ortBgonal. dorae-mvBred bipliitery tni Hb' 
ehurch of 8. MinUto il Moiits. exhibit an inilep«ni1eiit etyle. 

The position orrupled by Italy with renrA to Oothia trnhi- 

tentare is thue retid'.tod obvioii*. Slie lyiiilit not mitltdf 
^TiLi'^ ipiote Its influenne, ilthoiigh Innapsble of iRmrdiiig in nn- 

coiiditional reneptlon to tbis, the hi^heit dereloptnent of 
Tault-imhit^ntare. Qotbic iru intradured into Italy tii > mUltm 
and perfented condition. It did not of nereasity, a* in Piiiine, 
develop itaelf from the earlier CRomineaqiis) style. it> praitraH 
Rsnnot bo traned step by step; it was imported by foreljiii arnhl- 
tects (praedaod at Assiai by the German mister Jarobl, knd 
idopled as being in oonsonanne with the tendem^ of the aj(e; it 
found nnmerons admirers amonf the mendlnint orders of monka 
■nd the humbler classes of nitiiens, but routd never quite dio- 
enga^ itself from Italinnlsini; infiuennes. It nas so far transfbnned 
that the ranstnictlie eonstltnenta of Gothic are deffradeit to a d»- 
(lorative offlra, and the national taste thus berame rei«ndled to tt. 
The cathedral of lUUan cannot be resarded as a fair speHmsn of 
Italian Oothir, bat this style must rather bit soucbt for fn the 
medlKTal nathedrals of FlirtnKe, Siena^ Omieto. in the i^hnrnh of 
9. Petroiiio at BoiaqtM. and in numemna ani^iilar ndiHnes, aiiob >■ 
the LoteU del Lanzl at Floreniie, the i-^mmiinal palanes of ine- 
dlmal Italian ton^s, and the palarea nf Venite. An arvgnaintanoe 
irtth true Qolbic: mnatrnrtion, so contraoled notwithstandine all its 
apparent rlnhnesg, so eiclnsWely adapted tn ptarliral rM|iiirementi, 
can nertainly not be ai^qiiired from these rathedrals. The spar.ioiia 
interjor, invitlne, as it were, to r^lm eii.joyiuent. while the eaAo- 
ilrala of the north seem to prodnne a sense or oppresslnn, the pre- 
domtnanoe of horizontal lines, the playful appliiutlon of pointed 
arches and gables , of Bnials and ranopies, prove that an oritanlo 
ftoherenre of the different amhitHrtiiral rtistlnsnishini members wm 
here bnt little ronsidefed. The rharartoriBtiiis of Qothin architecture, 
the towers immediately mnnected with the facade, and the promi- 
nent nylnit buttresses are frequently wan tin |t in Italian Oothlo edi- 
fices, — whether to their disadvantsze, It may be donbted. It ianot 
so much the aumptnonsnesa of the malerials nhicb disposes the 
spectator to prononnce a lenient Judgment, as a feeling that Italian 
arnhlteots pursued the only course by which the Oothin style ooold 
be reconciled with the atmosphere and light, the climate and nat- 
ural featnres of Italy. Qotbic lost much of Its peculiar charaittcT 
in Italy, but by these deyiations from the cnstomary type It there 
became capable of being Dationallsed , especially as at the aame 
period the other branches of art also aimed at a greater degree of 
nationality, and entered Into a new combination yiith the fnnda- 
rneiiUl trail pf the Italian chitafltei, Ihstot TBtri»^pavti»«BBwnw» 
to ibe aiitiqae. 


The Bpparuiitly auddBii and imprepued-fat Tarll'lt '4f'H 
ideals in the 13th century is dub of tha moat intereBtiitK phenO' 
in the history of art. The Italians tIieiDBBlTe> could only Rktivu 
atcount for tlitE by attributing jt to chinue. Ths popular or AmniHt 
Btory was that the aeulptor NrocoLtt Pisako was induced by Akt Iobau. i 
an inapeotion of ancient Barcophagi to emhange tho pTevailliig style 
foi the ancient, and [ndeed in one case «e can trace back a work nf 
Wb to Ita aiitiqne prototype. Wo refer to a relief on the pulpit tii 
the Baptistery at Pisa, several flgures in which are borrowed from 
a BacnhuB vase still preaerred In the Campo Santo of that city 
(^pp. 323, 316). Whether NiccotA Piaano 'wib a mambor of a local 
school or was trained under foreign iofluenoea we aro as yet unable 
to determine, Hia BculpCures on ihe pulpits in the Baptistery of 
PiBa aod the Cathedral of Siena introduce ub at once into a new 
world. It is not merely tlieir obvious reaemblance to the works 
of antiquity that aneata the eye ; a still higher interest is awakened 
by their pesulisrly fresh and lifelike tone, indicating the enthn- 
slastlc concentration with which tbo master devotecl himself to his 
task. During the aucceeding period ^Piaan School) ancient chiraoter- 
istii»i were placed io the background, and importance was attached 
Eolely to lite and eipression (e.g. reliefs on the facade of the 
Cathedral at Orrieto). Artists now began to impart to their coin- 
poaitions the impcesB of their own pennliar views, and the public 
ta^te for poetry, which had already strongly manifeBted itself, was 
now succeeded by a love of art also. 

From this period (14th century) therefore the Italians date the 
origin of their modem art. Oontemporaneoiis writers who ob- j^g„ „, 
served the change of views, the revolntion in sense of form, HoDtBa 
and the superiority of the more recent works in life and ei- *"■ 
preasion, warmly extolled their authors, and zealously proclaimed 
how greatly they surpassed their ancestors. But succeeding genera- 
ls began to lose sight of this nonnection between ancient and 
dern art. A mere anecdote was deemed sufficient to connect 
Giotto diBondone (1276-1336), the father of modern Italian art, 
with Giovanni Oikabub (A. after 1302), the moat celebrated re- 
presentative of the earlier style. (Clmabne la said to have watched 
Giotto, when, aa a shepherd-boy, relieving the monotony of his 
office by tracing the outlines of his sheep in the sand, and to havn 
received him as a pupil in rJinsequeniie). but it was forgotten 
that a revolution In artistic ideas and forma had taken place at 
Rome and Siena still earlier than at Florence, that both Cimabue 
and hia pupil Giotto had nnmenins professional brethren , snd 
that the composition of mossics, as well as mural and Qinel.- 
painting, waBiitillsucnesatully praotiaed. &\Awt\v.wi*.'vv,iiK(»..'e--*'«°^ 
has roctilled these errors, poU\teft qm\. ■i^ic -^^qimv ^^^'^IXm 
BWeaies aa works of the trallsilioiv-ve^oA, mi T&tWa'^t?. ^^^,ag,v«»*f 
master Duccio, who naa ro!BB.i:iftW,e lot V\* *e.w** ** ^ 


ted nM^^ 
Uii. The % 

fill anil tlio eipreEaiTUiieaB of hit UKurag, to bit marlted I 
Giotto, honever, is fully entitled to rank in the highest cUii. 
smateuT, who before entHiing Italy hia become acquunted with 
OiottD rroin inaigniflcant eseel -iiUtiircs only, often tibttiuily 
attributed to ttiia msater, and eien in Italy [taelf eunounten 
little else thaa obliquely drawn eyes, cloinay fetturea , and 
Rumbrous niasBea of drapery m Rharacteiistioa of hla atyle, will 
regard Giotto'e reputation nn ill-founded. Hh will be at a Ion 
to comprehond why Giotto it, regarded as the iuauguraCoT ot a 
new era of art, and wby the name of tba old Florentine maiter 
i> only BBGoiid in popularity to that of Uaphaol. The fairt ia that 
GioTTo'i Giotto's celebrity is not due to any single perfect worlt of 
BrLUBHcii. art. His indefatigable energy in dUTorent spheres of art, the 
enthusiaatD which he kindled in every direction, atid the develop- 
ment for which he paved the way, muat be taken into consideratloii, 
in order that his place iu history may be ulideratood. Even when, 
in consonance with the poetical sentimenis of his age, he emhodiM 
■llegorlcal coucoptiona, aa poverty, nhastity. obedience, or displays 
to US a ahip aa an emblem of the Church of Christ, he shows ■ 
masterly acquaintance vrith the art of converting what la peihapa 
in itself an ungrateful idea into a apeaking, life-like scene. 
Giotto is an adept in narration, In imparting a faithful reality to 
hia compositions. The individual figures in his pictures may fail 
to aatigfy the expectations, and even earlier masters , auch as 
Duouio, may have aurpaased Mm in esecntion, but iutelligibOlty 
of movement and dramatic effect were first naturallsod in art by 
Giotto. This is partly attributable to the lumlnoua culouring 
employed by him inatead of the dark and heavy tnnea at his 
predeceasore , anabllng him to impart the proper eipression to 
his artistic and novel eonccptiona. On these grounds theio- 
fore Giotto, so vereatile and bo active In the most extended apheres, 
was acconntod the purest type of Ms century, and aueceedlng 
generations founded a regular school of art in his name. Aa 
in the case of all the earlier Italian painters, so in that of Giotto 
and hia successors, an opinion of their true iDerita can be formed 
from their mural paintings alone. The intimate connei:tion at ths 
picture with the architecture, of which it constituted the liflnf 
ornament, compelled artists to stndy the rules of symmetry and 
hannauious sompoBitlon, developed theli sense of style, and, u 
eiteusive spaces were placed at their dispoaal, admitted of broad 
and unshackled delineation. Almost every church in Florenoa 
boasted of specimens of art in the style of (llotto, and almost ev- 
ery town in Central Italy ia the 14tb century practised some 
branch of art akin to Giotto's, The most valuable worbs of this style 
are preserved in the churches ot S. Crnce (especially the cboir- 
/riapels) iiid S. Afaria Novella atFlotence. tB-ioiii IXie ■?t«^oM* lA 
■^tie Taseau vapiul the finest works ot Oiotto ».ie to^e loani ».(. Km\*V 


I ho B«B* ^ 

In the Madonna dtlt' Arena si Ptidua, where in 1306 he a 
ented a ceprHBHiitattau of aftenes t!rom thu lives of the ViT|_ 
the t^ailour. The Cntnpo Santo of Pisa ntFoida spedmena or the 
hanrliwork Of his pupils and coHtemporsriea. In the -worka on tba 
wbUh nf this unique national muaeuro the apei'tator cannot fail to 
he BttuBk by their tlnely -con Reived, poetical character (e.g, the 
Triumph nfDeathX their sublimity (Last Judgment, Trials of Job). 
OT their richtiesB in dratnatie effect (History of St. Kaineru4, and of 
Iha Marcyra Ephesua and PotitusJ. 

In the Idth rentury, as well as In the 14th, Ftortnec continued 
to take the lead amongst the capitals of Italy in mattara of art. 
Vasaii attributes this merit to its pure and delicious atmo- Flurehci 
sphere, which he regards as highly 'tonducivii to intelligence * Cbadle 
and reOnemBut. The fact, howovar, ia, that Florence did "' *■''■ 
not itself produiM a greater nnmbei of eminent artists than other i 

plar^a. During a long period Siena snci^esafully vied with her in 
artistic fertility, and Upper Italy In the 14th century gme birth tu 
the two painters d'Atakzo and Altichiebi (palDtinga in the Chapel , 
of S. Biorgia in Psdual, who far suipaaa Qlotto'a ordinary style. On 
the other band, no Italian city alforded in Its politii'.al Inatitutiona 
and publld life so many farourable stimulants to artistic imagina- 
tion, or promoted intellectual activity in so marked a degree, or 
combined ease and dignity ao harmonloualy as Florence. What 
therefore waa but obscurely experienced in the rest of Italy, and 
manifested at irregular Intervsls only, was generally Nrat realised 
here with tangible diatinctneaa. FloreTice became the birthplace 
of the revolution In art effected by Giotto, and Florence waa the 
home of the art Of the Renaisaance, whlrh began to prevail aoon 
after the beginning of the 16th century and superseded the style 
of Giotto. 

The word Benaiuanoa is commonly understood to designate a 
revival of the antique; but while ancient art now began to jiKNiia- 
fnfluenr.e artistic taste more powerfully, and its atudy to be >ai<i:b 
mora zealously prosennted , the essential character of the "utTUaa. 
Renaisasnca conaiata by no means eiclusively, or evaii principally, 
in the imitation of the antligue; nor must the term be conHned 
merely to art, as It truly embraces the whole progress of civili- 
sation in Italy during the l&tb and 16th centuries. Uow the 
Benaiseance manifested itaelf in political life, and the different 
phases it asaumes in the scientific and the aodal world, cannot 
here be dlacusaed. It may, however, be observed that the Re- 
naiaaince In social li/e waa chiefly promoted by the 'humanists', 
who preferred general culture to great profeasional attilivtjw»!»., 
who anthuBiastically regarded c,liaftu,»\. wvftBjn.'sri »»> ■Cwt ^^'^^ 
•Se of grest men , and who ct-biAmA fea ta-***- "^'^^Y^*-**-' 
jJuen™ on lie bias uf artlsUi-. vve-w?,. \n "i.V« "«™^^^%,«€i , **< 
■HtiuaiiKe the position of tUe irt,\at ^\ft\ ^c%i«i ^^ 

• . A 



the work of 

nitDle and upect of the Utter &re changed. Tbe educitloiiu 
tsate of tbe Individual leave a more macked imptesa on the work of 
the autlior than was ever before tbe ease; hla cteatlanfl are pre-emlr- 
nently tbe teBecdoii of his intellect \ bia iloiie It tbe responsibility, 
hla the reward of succeaa or the mortlfiEation of failure. ArtlMi 
now aeek to att&ln celebrity, they daaire their wDrka to be aiamliioi 
and judged as testimonlala of their personal endownients. Here 
tefhnical aklll by no means satieflea tbem, although they are tar 
n deaplsiiig the drudgery of a handirraft (many of the moat emi- 
nent qiiattiocfliitfsts having received the rudiments of their education 
tn tbe workshop or a goidsmllh), the eicloilve pursuit of a single 
sphere of art ia regarded by them as an indication of intallentntl 
poverty, and they aim at maetering the principles of each different 
branch. They work simultaneously as painters and s<^iilptorB, and 
when they devote themselves to architecture, It Is rleemed nothing 
unwouted or anonialooB. A comprehensive and veraatiie ednotian, 
united nith refined personal seiitinieiitB, forma their loftiest aim. 
This they attain iu but few Inatancea, but that they eagurly aspired 
to It la proved by the biography of the illurtrious Lbon Battibta 
Albbsti, who ia entitled to the same rank in the 15th century, u i 
Leonardo da Vinci In the 16th. ItationBlly educated, physically and 
morally healthy, keenly alive to the i»lni enjoymenta of life, and 
possessing clearly dedned Ideas and decided tastes, the Renaiasanee 
BrttstB neceaaarily regarded nature and her artlatic embodlmettt 
with dlneretit views from their predeceaaors. A fresh and joyous lore 
of nature seema to pervade the whole of this period. She not ont; 
afforded an unbounded field to the acientiSc, but artiata also atroTe 
to approach her at flrst by a careful eludy of her varioua pheno- 
mens. Anatomy, geometry, persperti't, and the atady 
ar'ras^- "' drapery and cjilour are lealoiisly pursued and practically 
HAiBSAHcE applied. External troth, fidelity to nature, and a correct 
AHTian Tu rendering of real life in its minutest details are among the 
necessary qoalitiea in a perfect work. Tbe realiam of tbe ts- 
preaentation ia, however, only the basis for the eipreseion of life- 
like character and present enjoyment. The earlier artists of the 
Hanalaaance rarely exhibit partiality for pathetic scenes, or events 
which awaken painful emotions and turbulent passions, and when 
such incidents are repregenlad, they arc apt to be sotuBwhat eiagger~ 
ated. The preference of these masters obviously inclinea tu cheerful 
and joyous aubjscts. In the works of the 15tb century atrict faith- 
fulness, in an objective sense, must not be looked for. Whether the 
topic be derived from the Old or the New Teatameiit, from history or 
fable, it is always tranaplanted to tbe immediate prcaent, and adorn- 
ed with the coloura uf actual life. Thaa Florentines of the genuine 
national type are repreaented as surrounding the patriSTciis, visiting 
Elliabeth alter tbe birth of her son, or witnesKin^ «U6 ib«w\bi. sA 
I Cbrlst. This tranafBTencB of remote eventa Wi tVB¥iBt«iiX^».Tt.» 


^^fflHlKg reBembUnce ta tUe iioive »iiil not unpleaifng'ftire'dPWtf' 
RliTonlcler. Tie itevelDpiaent of lCiH«i art, liowever, by no meani 
terminsteB with mere fidelity to Dsture, a quality likewise displayed 
by the uontemporanBOUS art of the Morth. A BuperHcial gttknce at 
the vorks of the Ilaliaii RenalsBanne eiidblea one to reiwgDisB tlie 
higher goal of iroagination. The careCaily seletled gronpa of digni- 
fied men, beautiful women , and pleasing children , ooRaBionally 
without Intecuai iieuesEity piaoed in the foreground , prote that at- 
tractivenesa was pre-eminently aimed at. This la also evidenced by 
tha early-awakeneii enlhUBiaaro for the nude, by the ikill in dispo- 
gitioii of drapery, and the eare despted to boidneas of outline and 
aoonrary of form. This aim is etill more obvious from the keen 
Bonae of Byaimetry observable in all the better artists. The indi- 
vidual flgnres are not coldly and aiieurately drawn in mnformity i 
with systematic rules. They are executed with refined taste and I 
feeling ; harshness of expression and unpleoaiiig characteristics are i 
sedulously avoided, while in the act of the North physiognomiR | 
fidelity is usually accompanied hy eitreme rigidity. A taste fot 
symmetry does not prevail In the formation of the individual figure 
only; nhedienca to rhythmieal preiieptB Is perceptible in the diapo- 
sltloii of the groups also, and in the compoattion of the entire work. 
The intimate connection between Italian painting (freeiu)) and 
arnhilecture naturally leads to the traiiaference of arfthitectuial rules 
to the province of pictorial art , whereby not only the invasion of a 
mere luxuriant natnrailBm was obviated , but the fullest scope was 
alTocded to the artist for the execntion of his task. For, to diaiiovei 
the luoat effective proportions, to inspire life into a aoenc by the 
very rhythm of tha lineaniants, are not acoomplishmenta to ha 
acquired by extnneons aid ; pcenise measurement and r.alRU- 
lation are here of no avail; a discriminating eye, refined taste, 
and a creative imagination , which tnetinctively divinaa tha appro- 
priate forms for it* design, can alone excel in IhU sphere of art. 
This enthuaiaam for external beaaty and just and harmonious pro- 
portions ia the aasentiai characteristic of tiio art ot the Kenaiaaance. 
Its veneration for the antiijue is thus also accounted for. At first 
an ambitious thirst for fame caused the Italians of the IfHh and i6th 
CHUturiea to look back to classical antiquity aa the era of iilus- gtm,! 
trioUB men, and ardently to desire its rctuni. Rubsaqaently, □> the 
however, they regarded it simply as an excellent and appro- As^"*"" 
priate resource, when tha atndy ot actual lite did not Buflioe, ajid an 
admirable aaalstance in perfecting their sense of form and aymmetry. 
They by no meana viewed the art of the ancients as a perfect wholB, 
or as the product of a daflnite historical epoch, which deveJ,sv**- 
itself under peculiarconditionB; hu.ttVe'rt WMiMiv«vma**"»*«^^^^ 
the indiyidual works of SLntiiiuvt.^ »nA ».V*ivt B^rKi\\«Ka.*.«*^_^^ "^.^^ 
Miieleat ideas were re-ailm\Ued iliW Vbe W)\\«nB ''^'^™*^^\.».-a.«^- '' 
A return to the religious apiiU i>5 t^eS»TOa.'n& miA"*'* 


I be tiiferred from the veiiatatioii for tha sncimit godtflH^V 
^-...^ bnrosnUtiu period: bailer In the UtympUu goile wM't^- ■ 
tinot; bat jiiBt beuuso no devutloii4l reeling vw intenaingled, 
beuuee the foimi could only receive iife rrom cri^Htive imiglnMlini, 
did they eietoiae so jionerful in liiOueiii^e on the Itiliui maaten. 
The Iniportanae of niythologirftl vbiiarttrs being wholly due to the 
perrect beauty or their formi, they coold not fall uii this acmiuil 
pra-Bminently to renommand themselvea to KonalMaiire artiata. 

These remarks will, It la hoped, convey to tbe reader a guneisl 
^■•EAOTEU-lde* of the nharanter of the Ranaiaaante. Tbaae who ds- 

uTiia or smine the ari^hitectural works Of the loth or 16th oentiuy 
aiiioa 'hould refrain from marring their enjoyment by the not «I- 
AbohI' together juBtiflab I e reSention, that in the Ueniiasanee atyls 

TBOTuaa. no now ayatam was invented, aa the amhltei'.ta merely em- 
ployed the ancient elemBiits, and adhered principally to traditioa 
in their consCiuistive prlniiiplua and aeleution of mmpoiient part*. 
Notwithstanding the apparent want of organisation, however, graat 
beauty of form, the outnome of the most eiubi'rant imaginktimt, 
will be obaerved in all these itraoturea. 

Throughout tha diveraiflad atagea of development of the auo- 
eeeding styles of Renalasaiiiie aTchiCentuce, telinity of proportion It 
invariably the aim of ail the great maatacs. To appreciate thBlr 
success in this aim should aUo he regarded aa the principal task of 
tbe apeotatar, who with this objent in view will do well to compara 
a Gothic with a KenaisBaiice structure. Thia compariaou will pioiftt 
to him that hannouy of proportion la not the only effective eleraent 
in architecture ; for, especially in the oathedrala of Germany, the 
exclusively vertical tendency, the attention to form without legsid 
to meaaure , the violation of precepts of rhythm , and ■ diaregud. 
of proportion and the proper ratio of the open to tha closed cannot 
tail to strike the eye. Even the unaklllad amateur will thnt be 
convinced of the abrupt contrast betweon the mediaeval and thd 
Henaissance styles. Thus prepared, he may, for example, proceed 
to inspect the Piili Faiace at Florence, which , undecocated atid 
unorganised as it is, would scarcely ba distinguishable from a rude 
pile of atones, if a Judgment were formed from the mere deaeiif- 
tlon. The artistic chartn consilta in the aimplicity of tha tnaaa, 
tbe juBtuesB of proportion in the elevation of the atories , and tha 
taatefnl adjustment of the windows in the vast surface of the fa- 
cade. That the architects thoroughly understood the teethetisal 
effect of symmetrical proportlona ia proved by the mode of eon- 
BttUCtion adopted in the aomewhat more recent Florentine palaoat, 
in which the roughly hewn blocks LrusticaJ in the aiiccessive storiea 
recede in gradations, and liy their carafnl experiments as to whethai 
the cornice surmounting the structure should bear reference to the 
bJgheat atary, or to the entire laijaila. I^ie same Y,\m WM«»al» 

itaelf in flramante'e imaginaUon. 'Vtie rnnetUevln \* lnw,«.-^ 


.f nolnmn. ^ 
mmetry (if | 

1 beautifully orgBiilsed strunture; and trlien, 
of PalUdio tn uhuriih-tfl^iies, ■ giiigle Beries of noli 
wss «ubsticutad for iho»e costing abuie one snotlier, aymmflry 
proportioD ir&s uUo the objeot in view. 

From iba works of BriiiielleBRhi |^p. ilil), the greatest m>Bter of 
the Suly BanBiiianoB, down to tboBC of Andrea Falladio of Vi- 
uHoxaQp. iliii}, the laat great architect of the RenalaaancH, thu works 
of all the archiWotB of that period will ba found to posaels many 
featoiee in eommon. The atyle of the 15th i^entury may, however, 
easily be distinguished from that of the Kith. The Flor- Easi-t l 
eutltio Fitli, meeardi, and StTO%si palaces are still baaed on "aiuik 
thu type of the medlwal caalJe, but other mntemporsry i^Teatioua 
show a eloser atflnity to iho forms and artiBnlatlun of sntique art, 
A taste for beauty of detail, uueval with the realiatiK tendency of 
painting, produF'SB in the architecture of the 15tli nentuiy an exteii- 
aivB a;(piiuadon of graceful and attractive oniWDBnts, which entirely 
Coier tht> surfacee, and throw the real organisation of the Bdin>ie into 
the background. For a time the true aim of Renaissance art appears 
to hale been departed from ; anxious care la devoted to detail instead 
of to general elfect; the re- application uf culumna did not at llrst 
admit of spacious stinctures; the doniB rose but timidly above the 
level of the roof. Hut this attention tn niinutioi, this disregard of 
eflfent on the part of these ariibitouls, was only, as it were, a re- 
straining of their power, in order the mure completely to master, 
the .more grandly to devolop the art. 

There is nu doubt that tlie RenaiEsance palaces (among which 
that of Urbiiio, mentioned in vol. ii. of this Usndhook, has always 
been regarded as pre-eaiinently typical] are more Bttrai:tive than the 
ohuTohes. These last, however, though destitute of the venerable 
asaoelatioiiB Donnented with the medlwva] (tathedrala , bear ample 
taatimony to the ability of their builders. The nhurches of Northern 
Italy In particular are worthy of examination. The first early Re- 
naissance work constructed In this pkrt of the country was the facade 
of the Certnui nfPaviiy, a superb eianiple of demratlve architecture. 
Besides the marble edifices of this period we also observe struntures 
in lirick, in which the vaoltlug and pillars fonu prominent features. 
The favourite form was either elroular or that of the Greek cross 
(with equal arms% the edifice being usually crowned with a dome, 
and displaying In its Interior an exnberant taste for lavish enrich- 
ment. Of this type are the chureh of the Madonna delta Ctoee near 
Crct?vl and several others at Piocenia aud Parma (Madonna della 
Steciata]. llwasiiLthlsregion that BaiMiNTB prosecuted the studies 
of which Rome afterwards reaped the benefit. AmouE the sws.vV'm 
buildings of N. Italy we may mention Wa Os^iAii* w<v*-i'«>'<.^^; 
Milan, which shows the tcansxtion tii)maii««\a ^n '***-^^f^'Sii>»--«* 
tft.tsur.ey of the palaUa\ eA\fti'«» ^«\\^. ^^ >s^?*-**^ i 

by walking Ihrongh the Hltoeta oi BoU.»ivi W- ''^'" 


The -vlaiWr to VmUe will haie in opporliiniti' uf tri 
a very limited gpaiva the progress or i{enjii«aance irnhitecture. 
oliuieh of S. Zaeearia ie in eiimple of early Reiiiissinre stUI In 
Mnflict witii Gothic, nhlle the richly coloareii church of 8. Maria 
del miracell ind the Seuola di S. Marco eihlbit the ?tylD In Ita 
parfeBllon. ForamoBt aoinng the irchitects of Venice muW 1(6 
mentioned the Lombardi, to whom moat of the Venetian biilldlng« 
of the 15th cent, ire attributed ; but we ^hill afterwards advert M 
the farther progresa of Venetian irchltectorB (p. illM). One of the 
most famous architects of N. Italy was Fua Gloc^OHUo of Verona, • 
monk, philologist (^thedlacoTerer of the letters of the younger Pliny'}, 
I botauiat. an engineer, and a thoroughly well trained architeet, who 
at a very advanced age, after the death of Krimante, was sammoned 
to Rome 10 auperinlend the building of St. Peter's. 

Exsmplet of early Renai9satiee architecture abound in the tovnt 
of Tnscany. At FkrtncE, ihe scene nf Fn-n-FO Brunellrschi'b 
labours [1379-1446'), the attention Is chiefly arrested by the chureli 
of S. Loremo {\i'ib\ with its two sicrislles (the earlier by Brunel- 
ImcU , the later by Michael Angelo , which it Is interestlne to 
compare^, while the small Cappella dri Fassl near S. Croee is aUO 
noticeable. The Pataita itucfUnf is also important as showing tke 
nombinition of pilasters with 'rustica', the greatest advance lohieved 
by the early Reniisaancn. Siena, with its namerons palaces, Pltnta, 
the model ot a RunaUsancp town, and Vrbino also afford excellent 
examplea of the art otthe Quattrocentists, but are beyond the limits 
of the present volume. While all these different edi flees possess 
many features in comlnon , they ma; be classed in a nnmbei of 
groaps, differing in material and various other characteristlcB, and 
entirely relieving them from any reproach of monotony. 

The early Renaissatice is succeeded by Bkuunte's epoch (1444- 
1514^, with which began the golden age nf symmetrical constrUB- 
Zkiiith "on. With a wise economy the mere decorative portions 
' Tan Bi- were oi ten m scribe d , w'hiie greater slgniflcsnce and mote 
aiaeaSDE. marked expression were imparted to the true cflnsHtueuts 
of the rtmcture, the Teal exponents of the architectural design. 
The worka of the Bramantine era are less graceful and attractive 
than those of their predecessors, but aupecior in their well defined, 
lofty simplicity and finished character. Had the fJhureh of SI. Peter 
been completed in the form originally designed by Bramante , we 
CDuld have pronotineod a more decided opinion as to the idea) of the 
ehorcb-architecture of the Renaissance. The circumstance that the 
grandest work of this style has been subjected to the most varied 
alterations (and vastness of dimensions was the priudpal aim of the 
architects) teaches us to refrain from the indiscrimiuale btame vthich 
10 commonly falls tn the lot nt Renaissance churches. It must at 
itlBiitted that the favourite foiui ot a OTOeV. mqw*\&» 
led eiiremMes, lirowiied by a iome, ^oaaesAta cn\vw™.WB.w& 

' a. moat mai 


t the pillat'i^uiistcurtian ralieved b; 
& most majesti" appearajiue ; uor uan it ha diaputm! tlii 
cliurnhea of the ReiiaiaeBuRe the E&me aitietir, priiictplca are appliod 
as 111 till! uuiversally a.daiired paltceB »nd sennlsr ediUuss. If the 
former tberefore excite Ibbs interest, tliis is not due to the in- 
feriurity of the arcliitecbi, but to causes heyond their control. The 
greM masters of this culnjlnatiiig period u( the Renaissance were 
ItArKABi., BU.IUBBAKI1 pBBDZZi, the yoUTiger Antonio ua Sanqallo 
of Home, Michrlb Sammiokh!.! of Veroni (p. 187j, Jacopo Sambo- 
TiNO of Veniue, and lastly Micbabl Anoblo. The ancceeding gene- 
ration of the 16th century did not adhere le the style introduued by 
Braiaaiite, though not reduced by hiin to a Uulehed system. The; 
aim more sedutuualy at general effect, bu that harmony among the 
individual members be^iis to be neglected ; they endeavour to arrest 
the eye by boldiie»B of conBtruntion and Htrtkiiig contrasts; or they 
borrow uew modes of eipresaion from antiquity, the precepts of 
which had hitherto been applied in an nnsyBtamatlc manner only. 

The travfiller will beoome acquainted with the worts otBramsnte 
and his con temporaries at Home (see vol. il. of this Uand- fauoos 
book), but there are other places flso which possess importAnt mtesAK 
examples of the 'High Re [isia since' style. At /lorence, fbr B'""""'' 
example, arc the FalaiBsa Pandolfini and the Palaexo Vguceioni, 
both of which are said to have been dBslgned by itAFBAGLj the 
Court of the Pita Palaet by Hakt, Ahmanatij the Paiaiia SeTristori 
and the PuJusso Biirletini by Baccio d'Aonolo. We must also , 
mention Manluu as the scene of the archttt'ctural labours Df Qinijo i 
RouAHO (^p. 195) , Verana with its numerous buildings by 8am- 
HiGHBLi (e. g. the Palaiio BeviUoquaV and Fadva, where Gio- 
VAMNi Masia PAbooNBTTO (1458-1634} and AmiitBA Kiccin, or 
properly Bhiosco {S. Ginstina) flaurtihml. At V«nJrc the Renais- 
sance culminated In the first half of the 13th cent, in the works nf 
the Florentine Jaooj^ Sansovino (properly Tatti , 1477-1570^, 
and at Otnon In thoae of£ZO Alrbbi (1500-72) of Perugia 
(e.g. S. Maria in Carigilano). 

In the middle and latter half of the 16th cent, Venice, Qmoa, 
and Victnia were zealous patrons of art. To this period aicfbi- 
belonga Ahiisba Fallauio of Vicenza ( 1518-80 ; p. 200), tkctdu ai 
the last of the great Reiialssanoe arohtteuts, whose Venetian VamOB. 
eharches fS. Giorgio Maggion and Rtdentore) and Vioeotliie palaoea 
are equally celebrated. The fundamental type of domestic archi- 
tecture at Venice recurs with llttlo variation. The nature of the 
ground afforded little scope for the caprice of the architect, 
while the Eonsarvativa spirit of the inhabitants inclined. tt«s-M. 
adhere to the style eaUbliahed bj e.o«Uim. ■«.«« yv'!»«»':«isw*.«A«^*- 
are therefore the more obwivaWo, ».o.4 ftviLt ■«\a'5»> ™^™'*^^ax««* 
J pure sense of form tte mote a.5-5Tert4\i\B. 'Yw«» '"^q.^vi* ^^ 
ooDvfnned by earefnl compaiiaon ot ftvR ^te*^ w*-^* ^ 


lUv ITAl-rAN ART. 

Bibliotera (in the PiazzettaJ of SanBrtvino over the new PracatJH 
or ScamoKii. although the two sitiflnes exactly corretpoiid in mntj 
respeuts, h>ve made great progrees towards an accurate insight Into 
the arnhltecareof the ItenaisBtnpe, 

Much, however, woulil be lost by the traveller who devatail hi* 

Untax attentiun eioIiiBlvely to tbe msater- works wbleh have been 

roBM up eitoiled froDi time inimemoriat, or solely to the great mon- 

*''^' umental etniPtureB. As even tbe iiwigniUr.ant vasea (mo- 

ioUeaf, maniifai^tnTed ■( Peaaro , Urhinn, Oubbio , anil Cistal- 

Durante) (estiry to the taste ot the italiaiia, their parriallt<r 

for classical models, sud their enthusiasm for purity of form, M 

aUo in inferior works, sonio of which fall within the province of t 

mere handicraft, the peiiuliar beauties of tbe Benaissancu ityle sre 

Often deteiMil , end charming spenlmona of ari^hitoctn re are eome- 

times discovered in remote ronjers of Italian towns. Nor must tie 

vast domain of decorative sculpture he disregarded, as such woAi, 

whether In metal, Mono, or stucno, inlaid or carved wood (inlartiaj, 

often verge on the sphere of archlteetoie In their designs, drawing, 

and style of eniinbment. 

On the whole it may be asserted that the archlte<4nre of theB«- 
iiaissance , whir.h in obedience to the requirements of modem Itfa 
,g manlfestB its g:reatest exrellenre in secular structures, cannot 
:b- fail to gratify the taste of the most superflcisl observef. 
■*"""■"■ With tbe sculpture ofthe same period, however, the c*»e i» 
different. Tbo Italian architecture of the irwh and 16th centurtes 
still posaesies a prantical value and ia frequently imitated at tbe 
present day; and painting undoubtedly attained iti highest isni- 
Bommation at the eime period; but the sculpture oflheRenaia- 
Banee does not appear to us worthy of revival, and indeed unnot 
compete with tliat of antiquity. Yet the plaatii; art, far from 
enjoying a lower degree of favour, was rather viewed by the ar- 
tists of that age aa tbe proper centre of their sphere of activity. 
SnnlptuTe was tbe flrat art in Italy wbliib was Isunched into the 
Stream of the Renaissance, in its development it was ever a step 
In advance of the other arts, and in the popular opinion posaeBsed 
the advantage of moat clearly embodying the current ideas of the 
*ge, and of affording the most brilliant evidence of the re-awakened 
love of Bit. Owing probably to the closeness of the connection be- 
tween the plastic art of the llenaiaBBiiee and the peculiar national 
culture, the former lost much of its value after the decline of the 
latter, and nss leaa appreciated than pietorlsl and arRhiteotnrll 
works, in which adventitious historical origin is obviously less imi' 
poitant than general effert. In tracing the progress of the BCulptliM 
of the Renalsaanra, the enquirer at onre encounters serious devlsr- 
tions from strict precepts, and numerowB intrin^enifto^ "^ aafts**!.- 
€iU rales. The eiecutlon of reliefs c,onBtW.wt«ft >>T t" *^b ■w'*«t». 
Bpbere of antion of the Italian sculvWia ot ».\i6 ^^J*^ i-«nWiti. 


^^^^HR, TiOwe^BT, MiTitrary ti) immemorial i _ . 
' tn 1 pletorisl style. Lokbuzo GaiBBBTt ("1378-145B) , tor e.. 
ample, in bis celebrated (ewtern] door of t1ie H&ptiatery of Plo- 
lenne. is not satia&ed witb grouplti^ Che figures as in ■ piiiitin);, 
and placing them in A rich. laridHCape eopled fram natoie. Be 
treats the background tii accordance with the rules of pergpecttve ; 
the flgurea at a distani^e are anialler and less raised than those in 
the Toreground. He oversteps the limits of the plastic art, &nd 
atiuve all vielstits the laws of the relief-style, snitorditig to whivh 
the flgnres are always represented in an Imaginary space, and the 
usual system of a mere doalgii irj profile seldom departed from. 
In like manner the painted reliefs in terracotta hy LuOi oBU.i 
KOBBiA {liOOSfi) ar* somewhat inconaiatent with pnrity of plastic 
form. But if It he borne in mind that Che sculptors of the Renais- 
sance did not derive their ideas from a previously defined system, 
or adhere to abstract rnles, the fresh and life-tike vigour of their 
works [especially those of the 16th centnry^ nill noC be disputed, 
and prejudice will be dispelled by the great attractions of the 
reliefs themBelvea, The sculpture of the Renaissance adheres as 
strictly as the other arts to the fundamental principle of repre- 
sentation; seinpalons eare la bestowed on the faithful and at- 
traotive rendering of tlie individual objects; the Caste is gratified 
by eipresaive heada, graceful female figures, and joyous child reii ; 
the sculptors have a keen appreciation of the beauty of the node, 
and the importance of a calm and dignified flow of drapery. In 
their anxiety for fidelity of representaCiou , however, they do not 
shrink from harelinBsa of eipression or rigidity of form. Their 
predilection for bronie-casting, an art which was loas In vogue iu 
the lethcenC, ar-corda with tbelF love of indiiidualiaiug their 
Bharacters. In this material, decision and pregnancy Of form are 
expressed without restraint, and almost, as it ware, Ipontsneously. 
Works in marble also occur, bat these generally trenr.h on the pro- 
vince of decoration , and seldoui display the bold and unfettered 
aspirations which are apparent In the ivorka in bronze. 

The chiiichos have always afforded the mOGt important Held for 
the labours of the Italian sculptora, some of them, such as S. Ctoee 
at Floreniie, fVari end S. Giovanni « Paolo at Venice, and the 
^anto at Padua, forming very museums of lienaiaaance sculpture. 
At the same time many of the wealthier families (the Medlei and 
others) embellished Clieir mansions wich sCatuary , and the arC of 
the 'sculptor waa frequently Invoked wlCh a view to erect a fitting 
tribute to the memory of aome public beuefactoi (such as the 
equestrian statues at Pcnice and Padua). i 

\t Florence, the cradle of BenaisaaivtB w.i\\^V>«e. ^ ■Mt-MW.-sw* 
aci)u8inteii with Ghibertl wA BeWi lioVu\iL, ™\io >»>.-' t^*'>^ "^If^^? 

ferly DosATo m NiccoLfi ui Bbtyi fti-B-in 


i da' L»liff" ' 

o3uced a uiturdUtic style, which, tlioagh ofleii harsli, 
of tlfs aQd uh&raDlei. Tbe Judith Orovp iii the Loggli de' Lfttiitf 
1b an exaggenteil sud uiiplt^asing eximple of thie Btyle, the master 
h&viiig aimed at the ulmogt [Msalble eipresaivcneaa. nhlle the lln«a 
and contoucs are cntlioly degcUute of eaae. Among Damtello's 
IDOEt sucnessful wocks on the other hand are hta statue of 51. Qeorgt 
(in Ot S. Michele, which also donUiHE his Peter und Mar*; p. 369) 
and his VictorJoua David in bronze in the HuseoNsitonnle (p. 377), 
a DoDectlun invalnable to the student of the eaTly Renaissanea. Tha 
reliefs on the two jiulplts in 5. Loreruo and the snulptures In the 
lauristy a( that chuiuh(p, 394| should also bo luepeated. Doiia- 
tello'a finest works out of Florence are his numerous sculptures iB 
S, Antonio at P.idua. 

The next srnlptor of note was Akdeha Vbbhoockjo (1435-88). 
Host of the other masters of this period (Antokio UossBLLiHa, 
MiNo DA FiHSOLR. Dbstdbxio □! tJKTTloMANa) Were chiefly o»- 
«apied Jn the execuliou of tombstones , and do not ocoupy a 
position of much iniportsni:e ; bat the life and sense of beauty which 
oharaoteriso the early Renaissance are admirably exemplilled in the 
works of the oamparatively nnknown Hattbo Civitali of Lueos 
(1435-1501! Altar ot St. RdguluB in the Cathedral, p. 313), 
important Florentine masters of the first half of the Ifith oBnt, 
were OiOT. FitANi). KuBTici(1474-15r^V), who was perhaps Inspir- 
ed by Leonardo, and partloularly Anubsa Sansotihu (14B0-1529), 
the anthot of the eiquislla group of Christ and the Baptist Id the 
Baptistery at ttorence, ot superb monuments at Rot7i€ (in the choir 
of S. Maris del Popolo), and of part of tbe sculptures wbioh adorn 
the Santa Caia at Loreto. Northern Italy also contributed largely 
to the development of the plastic ait. The Certoss at Pavia , Ua 
example, afforded occupation during several dt^cadea to uumaioaB 
artists, among'whom the most eminent were Qiovanmi Antdeih) 
Am&dso (scnlptor of the huge mouumcuts in the Cappella Colleonl 
at Bergamo), and, at s later period, C&isTovaEO Solabi, suinamed 
II Oobbo; Venice gave birth to the famous scalptor A-LHasAHnBO 
Lbopaudi [d. 1521); Iticoin or Briohco wrouE;ht at Pudua; Abob- 
TiNO BuBTi, u. Baubaia (p. 126) and the above-mentioned Cbibto* 
niao Sohiai. were actively engaged at AfiJun; and Modeno 
afforded employment to Maviuni and Bbqaublli (p. 276), artlU* 
in teirai'otta , the latter of whom Is sometimes compared witH 

Of the TsiJous works executed by these masters , Monumentdt 
Tomb4 largely predominate. While these monuments are often of 
A somewhat hombastic character, they aSord an excellent lUaft- 
tratioQ of the high valne attached to individuality and poraoint 
aulture during the lienaiasaiice period. We may perhaps also fre.^ 
quently Uke eicepHon to the roouotmvj u! ftiB\i W^Xe, iiVUk 
remained a/moat unaltered for a wtole i:eirturj , \iut ■« e - - .- 


genutne pleuum fiooi the ijiexhuiiatible't 
1inag:tnattou dlapUyed within »a narrow limlta. 

Am muiBumg eaiiuot convey an silequale idea of the sculpture 
of the 15th oentucy , so the piuture gallerieB will not afford all 
aucnrate insight into th« painting of that period, f Snnip- pinrrrao 
turtts are frequentl; reiuoved from their original position, or lus Cn 
many of those belonging to the Florentine ohurohea, for a"'™*" 
example , having hean of lato transferred to muaenmB; but iDunl 
paiutinge are of course generally insepacable from the walla which 
they adorn. Of the fresnoes of the i5th century of whir.h a record has 
been preaerved, perhaps one-half have been destroyed or obliterated, 
bat thaae still extant are the moat Inatructive ajid attraiitlTe ei- 
amples of the art of thia period. The mural paiiitinga in the eburch 
del Cannme (Cappella Brancaici) at Florenl^e are nsually spobaii of 
as the earliest spenimens of the painting of the Renaissance. This 
is a chronologifAl mistake, as aome of these fresiuiea were not com- 
pleted before the second half of the 15th century ; hot on material 
grounds the riaseification is jnetiflahle, as thia cyute of pictures may 
be regarded aa a programme of the earlier art of the KeuaisBance, 
the importance of which it served to maintain, even during the age 
of Raphael. Here the beauty of the nude waa flrat revealed , and 
here a calm dignity was for the first time imparted to the Individual 
figures, as weil aa to the general arrangament; and the transform- 
ation of a group of indifferent spertators in the composition Into a 
sympathising choir, forming as it ware a frame to the pririflipaj act- 
ors in the ecene , was first a uccesa fully elTectad. Jt is, therefore, 
natural that these frescoes should rtill be regarded as models for 
imitatiou, and that, when the atteutioii of connoisseurs was again 
direr.tad daring thalaat century to the beauties oCtbepre-Kaphaeiite 
period , the worka of MAaa.0010 (I40I-142S) and Fiuffcno Lippi 
(1457-1504") should bava been aagerly rescued from oblivion. 

A visit to the churahea of Florence ia well calculated to convey 
an idea of the subsequent rapid development of the art of painting- 
The moat Important and extensive works are thoee of Do- 
HBHioo GmttLiKiiiJO (1449-94) ; vli. frescoes in 8- Trinitil, floShi™ 
and thusa in the cboir of S. Maria Novella, whioh In sprlght- 
lines* of oonceptlon are hardly siirpasaed by atiy other work of the 
same period. (The traveller will find it very instiuctive to i^ompara 
the former of these works with the mural paintings of Giotto in 8. 
Croce, whi«h also represent the legend of St. Francis, and to draw 
a parallel between Ohirlandajo'a Last Supper in the monasteries 
of 6. Harco and Ognissanti, and the work of Leonardo.] In the 
Dominican monastery of S. Marco reigns the pious and peaceful 
genius of Fba GiovAMNi Amoblioo da FtBg(H.B (^laST-HEfe^, -^w 

works nn this sabji 

Bitlirt 0} raiwiflo tn No"'' ^'^T" 

ilviil ITALIAN ART. 

Uiougli iuferior to h\» uonlempuTariee in diimitii' power, 
the beat of tbem In bis depth ot sentiioent and his BHiise of bMVt_ 
u eipiessed more partlralarly by hit haadi, iiid who iti hi* old 
tge displayed his well mBtured art ii) the TrearaBB of the diapel of 
6C. Nicholas in the Vatii-Aii. 

AJthougli Ctie Tuscan painters eibihit theiT art to <ts TuUm* 
extent ill their tniprai palottn^. their eaael-ptnturos are alio ««n 
worthy of most careful ejaoiinition ; for it was chiefly thraugtl 
these that they gradually attained to perfeiition in Imparling beuHf 
and dignity to the honiaii form. liesides the two great Florenttne 
gaUeries (Ufllzi and ?ittl), the Eoliectlon of the AFxIeniy (p. 387) 
Is also well ealcnlal«d (o afford a survey of the progress of Floien- 
tiue painting. 

Beyond the preniiiiria of Florenra. Bbhozzo Oqxzoli's i-harmlug 
■raues from the Old TesUment on Che northern wall of the Campo 
i>iiHTiHQ u Santo of Piss, Ctuly forming blblleal genre-pictures, and bU 
dthikPuts scenes from (he life of St. Augnstlne in 8. OtmifftutlM, 
wTosoiBi. p^LippQ Lippi'g fresCDea at Prato (p. 340|, PiBao jiBtt* 
Fx&KOKBoa'a Finding of the Cross in S. FraliReseo at Araao, 
Bi>d lastly LcoA Siohobblli's representation of the Last Day tn 
the Cathedral at Onieto, afford a most admirable review ot tlM 
ehaiacter and deielopment of Renaissanee painting In Central It«.ly. 
Areizo and Orvieto should by no means be passed over, not onlT 
baoanse the works they mntaln of Piero doUa Prancesca and LoM 
Signoielli show how nearly the art even of the iftili neiitury tp- 
pTosches perfection, hut becanae both of theae towna afford an im- 
mediate and attractive insight into the artistir taste of the niodl»»al 
towns ot Italy. Those who cannot conveniently visit the provineial 
towns will llnd several of the principal masters of the l&th oentory 
united in the mural paintings of the Slstl lie Chapel atAoms, where 
Sansbo l^orrxORLLi, a pupil ot the elder Lippi, Cosmo Robbsuj, 
Uom. Ghlrlatidajo. SlgnorelU, and Perngino have eiecated a number 
of rich compositionB from the life of Moses and that of Christ. 

But an aciinaintance with tbe Tns('.aii scbuols alone can nerer 

HUfflce to enable one to form a jndgnient respaccing the general 

Othib progress of art in Italy. Chords which are here but slightiy 

OcBooLs. touched vibrate powerfully In Upper Itnly. The works of 

AHUBB& Mantbghi. (14^1-1606; at Padua and Mantua) derive 

muoh interest from having exercised a marked inflnenne on the 

German masters Holbein andDilrer, and all the other woAi 

of Ma time in lldelity to uatote and excellence of perspectiTS 

(p. 195]. — The earlier masters ot the Venetian School [Titabjsi, 

OritbIiLi) were to some extent adherents of the Padnan school, to 

which MantogiiB belonged, but the peculiar Venetian style, mainly 

founded on local characteristics, and admirably successful in its rich 

\ ■fartnitare of noble nad liigniHeil pecaonaees, vraa Mion sftraiiMi* 

I ffioweil by aatfTtLB Umliki (;14^1-I5(n~) ani ^^i^iw-tet ftm- 


itably re- I 
blending 1 

VANNi (14%-1516}, Bonfi of Qi.ugnin(rflmp, p. 219> - 
brian .Sftbool also, whlnb orlgluatol at Gubbin, and ia adminbly n 
pieiented early In the i5tli eontury by Ottatiano Nrlli, blending 
wltb the Tnecan er.haol In Gsntilb da FAsauNn, and nulminatiiig; 
in Hi last DiBSterE Pibtbo VANNurfi, fluniameil PEnuniso (1446- 
1521), and BBBNARDiNoPiNTciticotio (^1454-151 3). ID eritsatteutlon, 
not onl; beosose Rspbael was one o{ Its adbereuta daring bii first 
period, but because it supplements the broader Florentine style, 
and notnlthBtatkdlng its peculiar and limited bias is impieaalie in 
ItB chspanter of lyriii sentiment and religious dayotion l^e. g. Ma- 

The faiit that the Tarions points of eir«11enre were distributed 
among different local schoola showed the necessity of a loftier nnlon. 
Transfendenl talent waa reqnislta in order hamionioiialy to usios op 
combine what rould hitherto be viewed eeparately only. oirreBiiBi 
The 16th century, notwithstanding all Its attrartiveness, Si-aiiuLa. 
shows that the cliniai of art was still ujiattained. The forms em- 
ployed, graceful and pleasicig though they be, are not yet lofty and 
pnre enough to be regarded as embodimenta of the highest and 
noblest eonceptians. The figurea atlll present a local calaorlng, 
having been selected hy the artists as physically attractive , rather 
than as Rharacterlatic and expressive of theti ideas. A portrait style 
still predoDiinatea , the antnal representation does not appear 
always wisely balanced with the internal signifleance of the event, 
and the dramatic, element is InsufBcIently emphasised. The most 
abundant 8<u)pe was therefore now afforded for the labours ot the 
great triumvirate, LnnNABim da Vinoi, MichaBL Ahobli) Hcohak- 
ROTI, and Kafhabl Santi, by whom an entirely new era was in- 

LeoilMdo'l (1462-1519) remarkable character can only be tho- 
roughly understood bymeansof pTOlongedstudy. Uis comprehensive 
genius was only partially devoted to ait; he also dlrentDd LaoHARni 
Ma attention to scientlac and practical pursuits of an entirely "* Vmu 
different lutnre. Kefiuement and verantiiity may be described aa 
the goal of his aspirations; a diviaion of labour, a partition 
of Individual tasks were prlnciplea nnknown to him. He laid, 
as It were , his entire personality Into the scale in all that he 
undertook. He regarded csrefnl physical training as scarcely less 
Important than comprehensive aultura of the mind ; the vigour of 
hlsimaginationservedalso to stimulate the exernise of his intellect; 
and his minute obaervation of nature developed his artistic tasle and 
organ of form. One is freqaently tempted to regard Leonardo's 
works as mere Bludie*. In whloh he tested his powers, a.^^4.^V^ ' 
DMupied his attention so far oiil^ m VVfj ^vCA.^ V^*- ^^■^^^ 
Investigation and expotlment. -- ■ ■ - 

tmce baa eieroised a peiitei \nTini£\\r« ^ 
■n artist, especially as his ptejMftVi'^i b- 
■ atsBucn. Italy I. Bth Bait- 

!a nis powers, a.i\a.^-s^«.-*:- 


olilltiiratu all ttif.e ut thu littet. t'ev of LHonnrdo'l 
have been prasecved til lt4ily , &nd tbe^e ladly matied by iti 
A reiaiiilBuejice of hie euliei period , when he wrought u 
Andhha Verbogcuid at Floceiifte. and tbs ■ fHllow-pupll ot Lft- 
navio i>i Cbbdi. la the fie9i3o (Madunmi nnd donorj In S. OmrfUo 
Ht Boioe. SeTBial oU-paiiitiiig^, portiaiU, Madoniiu, and eomppwd 
woTka lie sttiibuted to hla MilsiiL period, although careful reaeui ' 
iucHiiea ua tu attribute them to his pupils. The following » 
the moBt famous of hie pictures In the Italiiii galleries; — In thft 
Ambioaiaua of Milan the jPorlruit »/' ItabelUi of Arragna, irlte DF 
Glov. Oaleaxzo Sforza \ in the Palazzo PittI the GoldtmUh and tJui 
Homca {^both of doubtful autbeutkity) ; In the Lifflzi the ParlrAH 
o/'hiinieJ/' (certainly Bpuriouaj and the Adcrulion of thtUagl, ithidi 
laeC, though little mure than a sketch, bears full testimony tt 
fertility of the artist's imaginatlun ; and liatly, lu the Vatican i 
lery, the St. Jerome (in shades of bronnj. The tiafellor will also 
flild Leonardo's drawings in Ihti Ambrusiana exceedingly interestiDg, 
The best insight iuto Leonardo's style, and his reforma In the ait Of 
colouring, is obtained by an attentive examination of the woika 
of the Milan school (Luini, Sii.jjko; p. 119), as these are raibottaT 
preserved than the original works of the maatar, u[ which (hi* 
battle-cartoon liaying been nnCortunaMly lost with the exneptlon of 
a lingle oquestrlau group j the Last Suppei in S, Marls doLle (hsKiu 
at Milan ia now the only worthy representative. Although no* 
total wreck, It is still well calculated to convey an idea of the m 
epoch of Leonardo. The spectator should first examine the dell(ia.te 
oqnilibiium of the composition, and observe how the individual 
groups are uomplete in themselves, and yet simultaneously point to 
a common centre and impart a monumental character to the work; 
then the romarkablu phyEiogiiomical fidelity which pervades eveiy 
detail, the psychological distinctness of character, and the dramatic 
life, togetbei witk the calmness of the entire bearing of the 
picture. He will then comprehend that with Leonardo a new era 
in Italian painting was inaugurated, that tlie development of art 
had attained its perfection. 

The accuracy of this ageortiuu will perhaps be doubted by the 
amateur when he turns from Leonardo to Kiehael Angalo (1471- 
OBAU. 1&^3). On the one hand he hears Michael Angelo extolled 
iGiLo. as the most celebrated artist of the Renaissance, while 
on the other it Is said that he eierdsed a prejudicial Induance 
on Italian art, and was the precursor of the decline of sculptoie 
and painting. Nor is an iniipection of thla Illustrious master's 
works calculated to dispel the doubt. Unnatural and atbitrary 
features often appear in juxtaposition with what is perfeiit, pro- 
foundly signiUctttive, and faithfuUy conceived. As in the case of 
■liOOBardo, ire shall find that it U uiilv bv 8Ui4'i\ni;VVi6 maWKt"* \Ao- 
tpbytbat we em obtain an CK-Blanaftuii ol iVeie B-TOmnVvB*. , «\\4. 


■ true ippruciaCiDti ut' MiukacI Aiir^Iu'i 
' Ednrated ta n si^nlptor, he eiliibits pactiality to the nude, 

;9 tlie drapery iu msny respects differently from hi» prorcgsionil 
hrathcoii. But, like them, his aim ia to inspire Ms fljtiirBs with life, 
and he seeka to ittiin it hy imparting to them an tmpostng siid im- 
pressive character. At the same time he oncnpiesnn isolated position, 
■t variance with many of the tendencies of his af o. Naturally pre- 
diaposed to nieUncholy, eoiinesllng a gentle and almost effeminate 
temperament beneath a mask of austerity. Michael Angelo was eon- 
flrmed in his peiinliatities by the pntitlRal and cccleBlastleal clrcuiu- 
stancea of his time, and wrapped himself up within the depths of 
his own absorbing thoughts. His sculpture most clearly maniteati 
that profoaiid sentiment to which however he often sacridced sym- 
metry of form. His flpntes are therefore anomalous, Hxhibitlng a 
grand conception, but no dtatiuet or tangible thonghts, and least of 
all the traditional ideas. It is difficult now to fathom the hidden 
sentiments which the maater intended to embody in his statues and 
pictures; his imitators seem to have seen In them nothinp; but massive 
and clumsy forms, and soondegenerafed into meaulngleBsmanuerisnj. 
The deceptive effect prodneed by Michael Angelo's style ia best ei- 
■amplified hy some of his later works. His Moiesin S. Pietro tnYinooli 
isofimposaiblo proportions ; flu«h a man can never hayeeiiated; the 
small head, the huge arms, and the gi^ntlc torso are utterly dla- 
proportionate ; the robe which falls over the celebrated knee could 
not be folded as it is represented. Nevertheless the work is grandly 
Impressive ; and so also are the JUbnummt) of the Medici Id S. 
Lorenio at Floronco, In spile of the forted attitude and arbitrary 
moulding of some of the fignres, Michael Angelo only sacrifices 
accuracy of detail in order to enhance the agjcregato effect. Had 
10 great and talented a master not prasidod over the whole, the 
danger of an infiated stylo would have been incnrred , the forms 
selected wonld have been exaggerated, and a professional mannerism 
would have been the result. Michael Angelo's iiumeraus pupiU, In 
their anxiety to follow the example of his Last. Judgment in theSii- 
jucceeded only in representing complicated groups of nnnit- 
uially forsshorteaed unde Hgures, while Bacclo BandinollJ. thliik- 
jasB Michael Angelo , produced tn his group of 
Heroutes and CacDS (iu the Piaxia della Signoria at Florence) a 
mera caricature of his model. 

Michael Angelo lived and worked at Florence and Rome alter- 
nately. We find him already In Rome at the age of 21 yeBH(U96), 
as Florence, after the banishment of the Medici, offered no favour- 
able field for the practice of art. Here be chiselled Ibe Pitth and 
the Baeehui, In the beginning of the IGth cent. \!« ti*aTwt.*i '«»''»*»■ 
home, where he produced hia Dauid a.n4 -iSQ^ei. i«> ■&« "&'>Wj. y"'" ^ ^ 
loon fnoren tines surprised wW\Bl^at^\TlK\l■iV^it^^**^■<'V"^J^^^^^ 
a/nee disappeared. In Ifflfi t^e Vofe ^BtuWa^ ^'^^ 


htlingf hlTll^ 

m there, thn Tuni'i ;f Jullui • 
thl8 time HBla more than befiin. The Ceiling Piiintingt f 
Sittint Chapel tbMrbed his whole attRiitioii ream 1^08 to 1512. 
After thu deith of Jalius, his iDDiiumeut was rcsumBd an ■ mon 
eKteosive schIb. The mmmuids of the nev pope, hoHever, vlio 
irished to employ thn irtUt fot the gloriflnttion of hU own fMiiUy, 
IMKJTI brought the iinbitiODslT deslgaed menioTial once mora te ft 
standstill. From 1516 onwards Mlehael Anielo dwelt st Carram 
■lid Florence, occupied >C Brat with the cotistrudtou and embelllah- 
mont of the Fapide of 8. Lorento, whlr.h wag never completed, and 
then with the Tombi of the Medici. This work also advanced vary 
slowly towards matniity, and at last the aniat, dfaeuated wtth the 
tyranny of the Medici, act up in thctrplarea those of the aUtneswhtck 
wore flnished, and migrated to Rome (ISSD). Ilia (I 
was the Latl Judgment in the Siatlne Chapel, hia next the erection 
of the scanty fragments of the tomb of Pope Julius. His last years 
were mainly devoted to ar<:httontUre (St, Peter' 

Amatonig will beet be enabled to render jnstlue to Michael 
Aiigelo by flrat devoting their attention to hia earlier work*, 
among which in the provfnoe of sPutpture the group of the Piett 
in St. Fst«r's oucnpies the highest ranli. The siatnes of Raccbai 
and David l^at Florence) likewise do not transgress the cnitomtry 
precepts of the ait of the Reuaiasariw. Paiiitlngt uf Hloluri 
Angelo'a earlier period are rare; the finest, whether conoeiired 
In the midst of his youthful studies, or In hia i 
questionably the ceiling-painting in the Siatlne. The architeotuni 
arrangemeut of the (veiling, ami the composition uf the soventl 
pictures are equally masterly; the taste aud discrimination of tlie 
painter and sculptor sro admirably combined. In (iod the Father, 
Michael Augelo produced a perfect type of its kind; he niidei^ 
Btood how to inspire with dramatic life the abstract idea of tha 
aut of creation*, which be conceived as motion in the prophata 
and sibyls. Notwithstanding the apparent monotony of the 
fundajuental intention (foreshadowing of the Kedeniptiou), i 
variety of psyithotogical incidents are displayed and embodied Ifl. 
■ distinct r.haractera. Lastly, in the so-called Anrestors of Chriat, 

I the forma representad are the genuine emanations of Mieha«l 

Angeto's genlna, pervaded by his profound and sombre senU- 
L ments, and yet by no means deatitute of gracefulness and beauty. 

L The decorative figures also which he desigiied to give life lo his 

H architectural framework are wondeifully beautiful and spirited. 

^L The LiUl Judgment, which wae executed nearly thirty years later 
^^ [in 1541 according lo Vasari^, is nut nearly so atrikijig as tke 
^H ealllng-paintinge, owing in a great measure to its damaged condl^ 
^^1 Iglcn. — Among Michael Angelo's pupils were S^Bieruji bb 
^H BoHBO (the Venetfan), MAaDEi,LO VBHuati, »t& 'OaxnUA -s 


Whctbp.rlhc palm bedue to Mit^h&el Ai)gGluortoIlapllaGl(llJ 
ib'iO) amoug thu artUta of Italy ia a queetiuii which fuimerly gave 
rUe t<j vehement disi^uesiou smaug artlata and amBtours. [{,pg^^. 
The admirer of MInhael Aiigelo iloed, however, by no uieajia 
bo preuludtid from aiijuyiiig the warka of Itaphao}, We now know 
lliat it Is far more advantagisoua to form an acigaalntaiicQ witli 
eanh master in hU peiiulUr p(nvlnc«, tliaji ijixioitsl; to walgh 
the[r respoctiTO merits ; and the Diore minutely we examine theii 
works, ihti mora armly we are persuaded that neither lu any way 
obstructed the progress of the othar . and that a. so-called higher 
cumbinatioii of the two styles was imposstbte. Michael Asgelo's 
uBlyue poaitioii among his contemporaries was aiii^h, that no one. 
lUphael not excepted, was entiiiily exempt from his Influence; 
but tlie result of pcai:cdiug developiDoiit was tuniod to the beat 
suflfluut, not by him, but by Raphael, whole susceptible and 
d isuriDi in ating character enabled Mm at once to combine different 
tendencies within himself, and to acoid Che faults of his pre- 
decessors. Itaphael's pictures are replete with indications of pro- 
found sentiment, bat his imagluatioD was so conatitnted that 
he did not distort the Ideas which he had to embody in order 
to accemmodate them to bis own views, but rather strove to iden- 
tify himself with them , and to reproduce them with the otmast 
fldelity. Ill the case of Raphael, ttietefore, a knonledga at his 
works and the enjoyment of th«m are almost inseparable, and 
it is difnuult to poiut out any single sphere with which be was 
especially familiar. Qe presents to us with equal enthnslasn^ 
pictures of the Madonna, and the myth of Cupid and Psyche; in 
gieat cydic compositions he le as brlUlant as in the limited sphere 
of portrait-pain Ung ; at one time he appears to attach psramoutit 
Importance lo strictness of style, architectural arrangement, sym- 
metry of groups, etc. ; at other times one Is tempted to believe that 
he regarded coloui as his most effective auxiliary. His excellence 
consists in his rendering eq^ust justice to the most varied subjeels, 
and in each case as unhesitatingly pursuing (he tight course , both 
lu his apprehension of the idea and selection uf form, as it he had 
lievui followed any other. 

Little U kuown of Raphael's private life, nor Is tC known by 
what master he was trained after his father's de&th | iJ9-l> lu 
loOD he entered the studio of Ftrugino (p. xUi), and probably suon 
assisted in the execution of some of the works of his prolific master. 
That ha rendered some aasiatance to Fmturinhia In the execution 
of the frescoes at Siena (in l.')03, or perhaps as late as 1^041 a| 
pears certain from their points of rcaemblauce with some of h 
drawings. Of Raphael's early, ur (/mbrion period there are e 
in the Vatican Gallery ( Coronation of Moryl a,M\ ft«"t.i«« 
(Spoialaio of the Madmna, VM4> (la 6BW\\tt%»XYVw 
1504) Raphsol did not at lltat »l>B.n.4o« ftic *Vi\«'^'i^*''^* 




whitU he hnd c»iTird to fti'«lrt pcrfcctlan 
or tliD iitber Unihrtau mastera. Muiy Of llie [ikturi'» ht 

'i«t he Mill roliowed the precepts of hit Hut mulori 
but lit! •0011 yielded to tlie iuflueiice of hiE Flotnutine tnliilng. 
Alter Itie ittorai raieed by gavunsrola hsd psaeediiver. Rlncious ilayi 
wore III store for PloTejicc. Lronarda, after hi:' return from Ultui, 
and AfJckott Angrio veie eiigtged here on their carlouna tat tba 
deeoratlan of the great ball In Che Palazzo Vocchlo; and ilwastkHt 
example, and tuote particularly the stlumUtliia inllunuco ofLeo- 
nardo , that awakened the genias and called forth the hlRbeit 
enerfiea of all their younger contemporarieB. 

The fame of the Florentine echool wb« at thU period <lhliBdl]r 
iriL>Ei.'h niatiitained by Fba Babtolohhrd (HTI^'I!)!?) and AdUBJUl 
uHEiiTiiia ufi- Sasto |148T'I531). The only worka «t ItattolomnM 
intEHPu- which we know are eamewhat spiritless iltsr-pleoes, but thqr 
ijBiBB. exhibit In a high degree the dignity oF eharanlar. the Inn- 
quillity of expieasioii, and the architectural Bymmetry of grauptng 
(n whiuh he excelled. Ols Uneet pictures are the '.'Arial with Me /btw 
SabtU, the Detrent from the Cms (or Pieti], the St. Mark in theHlH 
Gallery, and the Madonna In the catkedril at Lucea. The tntTeUor 
Tould not do justice to Andrea del Sarto, a niaaterof rich colourltig, 
were he tB confliie his attention to that artin'a works in the MO 
great Florentine gtllerieB. Hirto's FruKoa in tho AtoMrvtiata 
(court and cloisters) and in the Seaivi (History of John the BaptUt, 
p. 391 1 are among the lliieat creations of the cinqncuiiito. Sock, 
too, was the stimiilna given to the artists of this period bytheb 
great oonteoiporaries at Florence that even those of subordiiute 
niorlt hare occasionally produood norks of the highest Dicellenue, 
ai, for liistanee, the l^lntation of Alhkbtinblli and the Zcnobins 
piotDres of Ridolfo OhihulNdajo in the Ufflzi. The last maEleiBof 
the local Florentine school were Pontobmo and Anqelo BbonzucO. 
Baphaera style was more patttoularly Influenced by his rclatioiiB 
to Fia Bsrtoloniineo, and the traveller will find it biobC intercBtiug 
to compare their works and to determine to what extent each deriiei] 
suggestions from the other. The best autheiitieated works In 
Italy of Raphael's Florentine period are the Madimnn dd Orumfues 
(Pittll, the M( dei Cardinetlo{\im.z\\ the Entombment {GtX, 
BotghesG In Rome), the Frtdelle in the Vatican, the portraits Df 
Angela and hladdalena Doni (Pittl), and the Poriraif of hhmdf 
(Ufflzi"). The Portrait of a Lady In the Pitti gallery is of donbthil 
origin , and the Jdadonnii del BaldaccMno in the same gallery «u 
only begun by Raphael. 

When Raphael went to Rome in liJOS he found a lar^ dnla 
FuuL'i "f notable artists already congregated there. Some of thete 
UattM were deprived of their employment by hts airiTal, includlag 
Bxion. the Siejiese aiaster Giov. Aktonw EilIH, sniiuuuirf lu BiH 
aaiu, whose freacoes Jn the Fsmeaina ^initoil'Jn»Xe\^ wA wm *«*• 


ceaslblej vie with Rsphael's works in teiideriios 

mote iinmerous circle of pupils, however, soou aSBemlilBil around 

Raphael bimself, auuh as Giulio Komano, Prrino dbi. Y\ax, An- 


VitK, Gakofalo, KiiaMC. PKMUr, snd Giotaxni nAllDiNB, Attend- 
ed by thie distinguished retinue, RAphnel eiijojred all the huuoura 
of a prince, although , lu the Roman art world, Bramimte {p. xliij 
and itichacl Anyelo oouupied an equally high rank. The latter did 
not, however, trench on Bsphael'a provlnwi as a painter so much aa 
vaa formerly Huppoaed, and the Jealousy of each other which Uiey 
are said to have entertained was probably chiefly canflued to their re- 
spective followers. Raphael had doubtless examined the (^eillllg of 
the SiBtine with tlie utmost care, and was Indebted to Michael Angelo 
Ibr niueh instruction ; hut it is very Important to note that he neither 
I'oilowed in the foottitepB, noi suffered hia native geiiliiE to be biassed 
in the ailgliteat degree by the example of his great rival. A Hignai 
proof of this independence is afforded by Ihe SIbj/U which lio painted 
in the church of 8. Maria della Pace in 1514, and which, Ihuugli 
uoiiceived in a very different spirit from the imposing flgures in the 
.Sistino, are not the luaa adnilrablc. la order duly to appreciate the 
worltB produced by Raphael during his Roman period, the traveller 
should ehiefly direct his attentioii to the master's freBCoes. The 
Clonic ill the Vntlciii, the proeiamnio for which w«i obviuUBly 
changed repeatedly during the progress of the work, the I'apeilrj/, 
the Lvgyie, the Hneat work of decorative art in existence, the Dome 
Nomhs ill S. Maria del Popolo [Capp. Chigi), and the Valalea and 
Myth ofPnyche in the I<'arneslna together uoiistitute the treasure be- 
ijUeBtbed to Rome by [he genius of the prince of palLltora. (I'artliei 
particulnra as to theep works will be found in the seooud vol. of 
tijis Handbook.) 

Many, and some of the beat, of llaphael's easei-pictiireB of hii 
Koman period ire now beyond the Alps. Italy, however, still pos- 
sesses the Wurfonna della Srdia, the most mundane, but most 
charming of his Madonnas (PitliJ, the Madottna driC Jmpannatii 
(Pittl), the JHnifunnu tol JJJuino Amo« (NipleaJ, the Madnnnn di 
FoUgna and the Trorupfftimtian (in the Yatican), St. VeeiWi { Bo- 
lligua), and the Yotmg St. John (ttati). The finest <)( his pnrtrailB 
are tlioac of Pojit Julias II. (Pitti; a replica in the l.i|ttzil and 
Leo X. with (100 Cardmali | Pitli ; a eopy by Andrea del Sarto at 
Napica). Besides these works we mnal also mention his CitrUin'il 
BibhUna (Pltli), the Violin-player (in the Pal. Suiarra at Rome |, 
the Fomarbui, RaphBal'B mistress (in the Pal. Bsrberini at Rome), 
and the Porlraft of a Lady (Pitti, No. 245), which rucalls the 
Sistino Madonna. 

After Bsphael's death the ptogiess at *W *.\&.-v.f\-«*-t'^^H ■*™«; 
to a sundstill. but a period o! tapW V)-rci,\.br «a-«v. "^'**^^ 
Md plundering of Homnivil&ll eWiseV'i -^mj-ViSs*^ s^**^ ^ 



a time. At Brdt this mlKtortuue pruvod s buuii li 

It&ly. Bapliaol's pupila miputud from Kouc lo vatioira_ 

"^ viuniil towiiE. GiuLio ItOHAjjo, for exiulple, Futered t 

aciviae ot the Duke of Maiitus, embellisllod his piltca iritt 
pwiititigoj iiid dasieiied tho PiUua del Til fp. 19SX while Fbrino 
DHL V401. settled at Genoa (Pal. DorisJ. These offshoots of EUphiellf 
snhool, haweTer. soon Uaguinlied, anil ere long oeaaed to eiisL 

The N'oHiTHBBN Schools of Italy, oil the other hiiirl, ret4lllsdi 
thett Titality and iadepHndenre for a somewhat longer 1 

Bulogaa the local style , modiaed by the liidDence of Bl^ 

IJ^^TAt"'' P'"'^'' "'^^ Boccessfully practiaed by Bart. Ramenghi, aui- 

named IIaqhacavallo { 1 4B4 - 1 j42}. Frtrnrn bnuted it 

Louoiioo Mazxolihd (148I'1530|, a mistier of same impoiUOM, 

aud Dosao D088I; and st Vennu the reputation ur the school wu 

iDalntaiDed by Oianpha»c. Cmloto, 

The most important narks produced tu Morlhorn Italy were thqae 
of Antonio Axleoqi, suraiiuied CoBitEooio ( 14d4?-t534), and of 
Coaaaasni *^^ Venetian maslers. Those who visit Parma after Bout 
' aud Florence will cerUlnly be disappuUited with Cha piO' 
tures of Correggio. They tF|ll discover 1 naturaliatjc tendency in 
his worlca , and they will observe, not only that hia tieatmeut Dt 
space (as in tho peispeutivo painting of dumca] is unretlned, but 
that bis iadividaal Uguies poasess little attraction beyond utare 
llatuial charms, and thstlheii wautuC repose ia apt to displease tui 
fatigue the eye. The fact la, that Corregzio was not a painter of all-- 
embraciug genius and far-reaching culture, but merely an adept In 
cIiiarOBUuro, who left all the other reaourcea of his art undevelopol. 
In examining the principal works of the Venktian School, how- 
ever, the traveller will experience no such dissatisfactjon. Fromtlie 
school of Giovanni Bellini Iji. xlviii] em an a led the greatest m- 
Sowo^l' presentfltivoa of Venetian painting — GioaaianK , properly 
Bahbakella (1477-1511], whose works have onfbrlnnateJj 
not yet been sufficiently well identified, the elder Palma (14S0t 
152S'), and Tiiiano Tsoellia (lJTT-15To|, who for nearly Uuee 
quaiteis of a century maintained his native stylo at its oulmiuatiaE 
point. These masters are far from being mere oolorists ; DOr do thai^ 
owe their peculiar attraction (0 local inapiratioii alone. The enjay- 
luent of life and pleasure which they so happily pouitray is a thoDlB 
diotated by the culture of the Renaissance (a culture posBes«edin 
an eminent degree by Titian, as indicated by his intimacy with Ae 
'divine' A.retina]. Their serene and joyous characters often rei^ll 
some of the ancient gods, showing the manner in whioh the arflBls 
of thu ItenaiGsance had profited by the revived study of the antlqite. 
Property to appreciate Titian it is of importance to remember IiOtt 
luh of his activity was displayed in the service of the different 
"' 'th the fatuily of Kste bega[i at an early 

active inleicouisii *\fti&aGtraiA%»a»!i 



Mantua, anil exerutCil imiiierouapiutiiros for tliem. '. 
In the fBTonr nf Churlcs V. »nfl Philip U. of Spniti. The nstnnil ' 
result of thlK was that the painting uf purtiaite anil of ■ Boma-nhat 
limited i^ycls <ii mytholDglual Butijecla eiigrosBDil the greater part of 
Ms time and talents. That Titian's genius, however, vib by no 
meins alien to celigiun and deep feeling in art, and that hia im^- 
nitlon was as riuh and pawerfnl in this Held as In poartraytiig 
realistiu and seiiaiially attractive forms of existence, is proved by 
his numerous ecclesiastical paintings , of vhlch the finest arc the 
Martyrdom ot St. Lawrenee (p. 254), the Presentation in tho Temple 
fp. 236% and the Assumption (p. 233) at Voniee. The St. Peter 
Martyr, another masterpiece, unfortunately fell a prey to the 

Owing to the soundness of the principles on which the Venetian 
school WBB based , there is no wide gnlf between Its maaters of the 
hlzhost and thoan ot aecondary rank , as is so often the cane in the 
other Italian schools; and we accordingly Hnd that works by Lo- 
msNio Lotto, Sbbastian del Piutino, the Bonifaoio'b, Pukiik- 
NUHB, Pabie Bokuone, stid I'lNTonBTTO frequently vie in t>eauty 
with thosa of the more renowned chiefs of their si:hoDl. Even 
Paolo Caliabi, surnnmod VRnoxBaE |^1S2S-88J, the last great 
master of his scheul , shews as yet no trace of the approaching 
period of decline, but continues to delight the beholder with bis 
delicate silvery tints and tho spirit and richness of his uompositions 

(flomp. p. aao). 

Correggio, as well as subsequent Venetian masters, were fto- 
quontly taken as models by the Italian painters ot the 17th century, 
and tho inOuencc they exerclBod «auld not tail to be do- 
tectod even by tho amateur, if the entire post-Jtaphaelite p"{;"5'sK,'^ 
period were not usually overlooked. Those, however, who 
mike the great clnqueoentists their principal study will doubtless 
be loth to examine the works of their sueceisors. Msgnittoent da- 
curative works are occasionally encountered, but the taste is 
offended by the niLdisgulsed lave of pomp and auperSeial man- 
nerism which Ihey generally display. Artists no longer ear- 
nestly identify themselves with the ideas they embody; they 
mechaidully reprodnce the customary themes, they lose tho desire, 
and Hnally the ability to compose tudependently. They are, more- 
over, defleient in taste for beauty of form, which, asis well known, 
is most attraotlve when most simple and natural. Their technical 
skill Is not the result of mature experience, slowly ai^qnlred and 
Justly valued : they came Into easy possession of great resoiliees of 
art, which they frivolously and ouworthlly sqnandar. The quaint, 
the extravagant, the piquant alone stimulates theli ^»»^*.-,-^'^JS*i*^^ 
not Bxuellence of workmanship, \s VntAi s'lm. K!a«.'ii«.'*- '■^^^'^^^ 
otthlB HianueHBm, exempUfledViv Oie "notl!.* t.1 't'lccsBB,-^*^^^^^^ 
Tam-ESTA, aud others , Bie BUCOunWLxei. »i.'?-a^« "■^'^ 


(aupoU nr tbfl eathedol'). Tfap favt thit iutesal ' 
du» pToiluco ■. leu unfavounble Impression does iiot tltat t 
general poeitioti , u it is not want oftdeiit »u i ' 
eetDntiguinesi wbich is attrlbiitad lo these artists. 

The ronditton of Italian art, that of painting it leait, improved 
to some extent towards the close of the IBtli century, when there 
was a kind of second effloreacenoe, kuowii in the ichoola w 
«v"i,!"'' "" ''o'ival ot good taste", whirh is said to iave chleBy 
ntanlfesled IteelFin two dlrectlona, the eclectic and the ni~ 
tuialistic. But these ace tenna of little or no moment in the itndr 
ofatt, and the amateur had betU-idlBiegard them. Thia perlodof art 
also should be studied historicalty. The principal architectural mon- 
umeiits of the ITth century are tlie rhurrhea of the Jesuits, whicll 
tiliquBitiouibly produce a most ImpoalnK effect; but the blttoricU 
enqolrer «U1 not oasily be daziled by tlieir meretricious magnl- 
floence. He will perr«ive the abaenre of organic fOrms and tha 
impiopriety of oombijiing totally different styles, and he will ited 
blmaelf against the gorgeons, but monotonouB attractions of the 
paintings and other works of the same period. The bright Ueiials- 
Miiee is extinct, aimple pIsaguTe in the natural and huntan is ob- 
literated. A gradoil change in the Tiewa of the itslian pablle and 
in the position of the church did not fall to influence the lendencie* 
of art. and in the 17th century artists again demoted their enetgles 
more immediately to the service of the church. Devotional picturea 
now became more frequent, but at the same time a sensoal, 
naturalistic element gained ground. At one time it veils itself In 
beauty of form, at another it ia manifeated in the representation of 
volnptuoua and paaaioiiale emotions ; claaaic dignity and noble 
symmetry are never attained. Ceibt. AxtORi'i Judith should bo 
compared with the beauties of Titian, and the fresroes of A»NlBai.B 
Ca.KBAOci la the Palazzo Famese with Raphael's ceillDg-paiutinga In 
the Fameaina. in order that the differenea between the 16th and 
17lh uenturles may be clearly underatood; and the enquirer will Im 
BtlU farther aided by eonsultiiifc the coeval Italian poetry, and ab- 
aervtng the devalopment of the lyric drama or opera. The poetry of 
the period thus furniahes a key to the mythological representations 
of the School of the Carracci, Gems of art, however, were not nn- 
frequently produced during the 17th century, and many of (he fceacoea 
of this period are admirable, such aa those by Gdidd Rgni and 
DOHBMioHiNO at Some. Beantiful oU-palntlngs by varions masters 
tie alao preserved in the Italian galleriea. Beaides the public col- 
lections of Bologna, Kaplea . and the Vatican and Capitol, the 
private gallcriss of Rome are of great impottauce. The sO'Called 
gallery-pieces, fignrea and scenes designated by imposing titles, and 
psjnted in the prevailing taate of the i7th century, wer« readily re- 
^rtKfTwJ, ani? Indeed most appropriatelj ^laueA \t\ ft*e ^«Vi<*a ol "ftm 
W^an iioblea. most of which owe their otiRin ».ti4 ftofmntiowMi ■OtaX 


age. This retreat of art lo the privacy of the spjrtmen 
may be regardeil as a aymptom of the universal withdrawal of the 
llaliaiiB from public life. Aftlata, too, henneforth oimupy aci Isolalttil 
position, unchecked by pabliu opinion, exposed to the capiicea of 
amateurs, and tbeiuaelves IncliDed to an acbltiary deportment. 
Several qualities, honever , still tttlat of irbleh Italian artists aru 
never entirely divested ; they retain > certain address in the 
arrangement of figures, they preserve their reputation as ingenious 
denoralors, and understand the art of occasionally Imparting an 
ideal impress to their pictures; even down to a late period in the 
ISth century they excel in effects of colour, and by devoting 
attention to the provinite of genre and landscape-painting they may 
boast of having extended the sphere of their native art. At the 
same time they cannot ranceal the fact that they have tust all 
faith in the ancient ideals , that they are incapable of new and 
earnest tasks. They hreathe a close, acadeniic atmosphere, they 
no longer labour like their predecessors in an Independent and 
healthy sphere, and their productions are therefore devoid of ab- 
sorbing and permanent interest. 

This slight outliiia of the decline of Italian art brings ns to 
the close of our brief and imperfect liistorical sketch, which, he 
it again observed. Is designed merely to guide the eye of thB 
enlightened traveller, and lo aid the uninitiated In liidepairf ' 
disrri mi nation and resuarch. 

Contents of Article on Italiui Art : 


Art of Anliiuily : the (ireeks and Itomaiis ixv 

The MiddU Agist Early Christian Art ixix 

Byzantine style xxs 

Komanesque style ixxii 

GotMc style xxxiv 

NicBoia Pisano, Giotto xxxv 

The Benaisianee xixvil 

Architecture il 

Early RenaiisaDce xUi 

Uigh Renaissance illv 

S«iilptilre xlvii 

Painting : 

{Tuscan 8¥Uoo\9 - - - ^^i^' 
Upper Il»UM\&r\.uu\». ■\\,e. N 'CT.«'^'>»*'-^ • .^.^^ 

Unibrlan Ri-Vor,\ " " 


fLmnarilo dt Viiiot 
Micliieii Angelo and liis piipiU ■ ■ 
I Kkphsel, his ROntempoririea. anil pup il« 


VVuiietiin masters 

End of the XVI. , and XVII. Cent. : M«mierisW. N«liir»liMf!. 

1, From Faria to Kice by Lyons and SEirseillei. 

1 16V.1 

, liO B., e 


v. TOcl - 

ji OVHl h 

lOefr. 30, Tfltr. 75, B8fr. 15c. {1 
ia Vh, ordlnarv Iralns In 13>/i bra 
Fnim Lyoiu tu UkHBllJes. 2IS H., 
fiifE Mfr. 30c. From MBraetlloa ( 
farei 27&. TO, 20^. TBd. 

Soan after quitting Puis tbe tiaia crogBea the Mamt, near its 
confluence vlth Che Seine, and neai the station of Charenton, the 
luuatin asylam of whic.h is seen on an eminence to the left. To 
tUe right and left ot (4l/s M.) Maitam-Alforl rise the fOrta Kt hm/ 
and C'harmton, which here oommiind the oanme of the Seine. iH/i M. 
VllUnetive St. Oeorgea Is pletureaqiiely situated on the slope of a 
wooded hill. 

The beautiful green dale of the Tim is now traversed. Pietur- 
esque enuntry houdea, amall parks, and thriving milla are pasaed 
ill rapid BnecBsaion. 

H M. Manlperon. The chain of hills to the left, and the plain 
ate studded with innumemble dwellings. Before (^13 M.) Brvnoy 
ia reached the train crosses the Vjirea, and beyond the village 
passes over a viaduct commanding a heautllnl view. 

The tralti now enters the plain of tn Brie. I6V4M. Comba-t/i- 
VilU; 191/3 M.Liemnint; MM. C««™. The Seine is again reached 
and creased by a handaome icon bridge at — 

28 M. ■elUL (Qrand Monnrque; H6lel de Frnacc), the capital 
of the DtfpaitemenI de Seine et Marne, an ancient (own with 
11, 200 inhab. , the Roman Mithaium. or Mtloiluatim, pictur- 
esquely aitualed on an emlneucu above the river, '/j M. from Che 
BtHtian. The church of Notre Dame, dating from the lltb cent., 
the ehnrch of St. Aapais, of the 14th cent. , and the modern Gothic 
H6tel-de-vnie are flue ediUcaa. 

After affording several picturesque glimpses of the Seine valley, 
the trniti enters the forest ot Fnntainebleau. 32 M. Boii-le-Rol. 

Ti M. FontainablMtt fmieU de FratKe et d'AagUterrc, dc lEu- 
ro/ic. d< la CkaneriUrle , deLondra, del'Algle Noir, du Cadran 
B^, et:.1 is a quiet place with bread, clean streetn (11,600 Inhab.). 
The 'ilalaM , an extensive pile, containing Bva wwai**-; N*-**^^ 
eieluBlvely indebted for Its ^tewiiA Imm ^ ^■™"**''->v.!;SS™ li 
■nil abounilB In intBTeatiiig WaW«\6a\ iawA.\\\«ie«wt'fc' "w- 
serlet of Jiaiidaome aaloone ani\ avrtmntti-ft ^^S''^ ^ wo-_ 

W-lKUK.Kk. Italy I. Ml 


Biany ilelie 


<aar42,500BCTe9((>0M. In ctrcniiifi>nn'w)iii 
Bisny ilelight/iil walks. (F"r further ctetalls, See Batdtker'n Patti.) 

40 M, Thomery !b neli-hratuil for ite liifcioux griptis (Chuiolli* 
do Fanuiciebbau). 41'/] M. Vorel. pktarew|Tiely attnued on Ibe 
Lomg, which bore folU into tha f^eliie , his s Gothic r.bntck Of 
the 12th'l!ith cent, and ^ ruined cblleau once oncupied by Snlly. 
To the right lant the railwiy ui Moiitargls, Neven. Moulini, uiil 
Vlehy. The line rroasBa tho v»11ey of the Loing by s viaduct of 
tbltty trchei. 

49 '/g M. Ittrnterfmu ( (Irnnd Mimnrque i liuffel). piciurcsquely 
situated at the noofluence of the Seine and Yonnt. I^Branch-Une 
to t'Utmbuin, a atatlon an the Paris and Troyes line.) 

The train aacenda the broad and well ciHtivaled Yalley of the 
yonne. Stat. ViUencavc-la-Guiard , Chianfigvtn, Fonl-tm-tonnt. 

72>/2 M. Seui (H6tiU de VEeu, de Parit), the andeut eapitftl «f 
tbf Smomt , who under Brennug plundered Rome in B.C. 390, 
la a quiet tovii vith 12,000 inliabiunts. The early Oothie 'CaAe- 
drnl [St. Etienne) . dating chiefly rrom the 13lh cent. , Is so fm- 
posing edidne , thnngh anmewbat nnaymmetriral and destitute at 


Nait stations Villentuve-niT-Yonnt, St. Julitn rfu Sautt, Vlug. 
90 H. Joigny (Dtte it Beurgogne}. the Joviniaatm of the Bonuiw, 
is a picturesque and uident town (6300 Inhab.) on the Yonae. 
96 M. Larocht lies at the confluence of the Yonne and ArmattftM, 
and on tha Canal de Bovrgagne. Branch-line henre to Aaxtm. 

About e M. fram St. Fli/nntin is the Glaterdan Abbei/ of P<m- 
ligny, where Thomas ft Benket passed two years at hia esfla. 
■Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, banished by King John, and 
other Knglish prelates have also sought a retreat within its walls. 

122 M. Tonaaiie f Lion d' Or; Hall. Mestaurant) , a town with 
6500 inhab., pietureaqoely aituated on the Armanfon. The ohnrah 
of St. Pltm , on an eminence sbote the town , built in the ISth- 
16th cent. , commands a pleasing prospect, - — Chnblin, 8I/3 M, to 
the B.W., Is noted for Its white wines, 

127 M. Tanlay boasts of a fine chateau !n the Renaiasance style, 
founded by the brother of Admiral Collgny. At Aney-U-FfniC there 
la a very handsome CAdtenu, erected in the llith i;ent. from designs 
by Pcimaticcio, From atat. Nuiii-ious-IlnviiTef a branch-line runs to 
CMlitlon-iUT-Seint. Montbard, birthplace of Bufltou (1707-178S), 
the great naturalist , contains hia chateau and a monument to hie 
memory, loi) M. Lea Laamea. 

Beyond Blaiiy-Baii the line penetrates the watershed (1320 ft.) 
between the Seine and the Rhone by a tunnel, 21/2 M. long. 
Between this point and Di,|on is a ancceseian of viaducts, cuttings, 
and innoels. Beyond atat. Mnlain, with its ruined chateau, tha 
Biiiers the piotnresqne vallev of the Ouche, tanwiei ontte 

*/ (fie slopes of the C6te d'Or. Stations VeVuTs, Plombitna. 

to Niee. DUON. 7. 

197 M. Sijon (B8UI1 de la Clocht, dt Bourgogne, da 3 
Buffet), with 48,000 iahab., Qui ntinient Divio, onoe tiie Mpitsl of 
Buigundy, aow ibiX at the Dfpsrtement de Is C6te d'Or, liei xt the | 
confluenne of the Cache >,i\i Che Somim. The diikee of Burguad; 
resided here down to (he death of Ch»leB the Dold In 1477. 

The Rae QuUlnume leads from the atatloa to the HStd, de ViUt, 
oiiae the duoal paUca, hut remodelled in the 17th and 18lh ceti' 
tarles. The tno toners and the Salle des Gardes are almogt the Only 
ancient parts. The Maatum. coDtf filing vsluahle noller.tioni of 
pictures, antiqaities, engravings, etc., is open to the pnhlie on 
Sundays, 13-4, on Thursdays, 12-2, and daily on payment of a fee. 

"Natre Dam*, to the N. of the Hfitel de Ville, In a Gothic church 
of the 13th uBHt., of yery pictoreBque enterior. The principal por- 
tal is a beautiful Qnthic oomposition. The interior fi also interest- 
ing. One of the chapeU of the transept contains a bladi image of 
the Virgin dating from the 11th or 12th century. 

Bt. Binigne, the cathedral, to the S. of the Porte Galllaume, an 
Interesting building, was erected in 1271-8U. The plan resenibtes 
that of ByiintlnH churches. The two towers in front are covered 
with conical roofs, and a wooden spira, 300 ft. in height, rises over 
(he ttin«ept. 

In the vicinity are 51. Philibal, of the 12th cent. , now a maga- 
zine, and St. Join, of the 15th cent., disfigured with bad paintings. 

The CartU, to the N. of the Porle Ouillsuroe, now in a half- 
mined condition, was erected by Louis XI. in 1478-11)12, and 
afterwards nsed as a state-prison. Beyond the Porte Saint Bernard 
atands the modern £f utile o}st. Bernard (d. 1153), who was born at 
Fontaine, a viUage near Dijon. 

Dijon 19 the centre of the wine-trade of Cpper Burgundy ; the 
growths of Oevroy , including ChamberCin, and of Vougeot, Nnlte, 
and Beanne are tiie most esteemed. 

During the Franpo-Oetraan war of 1870-71 Dijon was twice 
occupied liy the Germans. 

IHjon Is Ibe juncUon of the line vii Mli and ItaucHaril W ftmui'licr, 
where il dliBruei to ttae Isft [».£.) to JfuKidlcl, anrl lo llie riglil iB.B.i 
tn La«iamie idinmi) and Si«m. Comp, E. 3. 

The line to Macon crosses the Ouehe and the Cimnt de BouTgagm 
[p. 2), and sltirta the sunny vineyards of the C6te iVOr, which pro- 
duce the choicest Bnrgondy wines. At Vougeot U the famous Cioa- 
Vougtot vineyard. Near Nuils-iotn-Biotmc a battle was fought 
between the Germans and the French iji Dec. 18T0. 

21SV! M. Bnusfl (B6id de France; , with 11,000 Inhab., on 
the BoutoiM, dealB largely in Burgundy wines. Sblre Oame, a 
Chnrch of the 13th and 16th cent., has a fine bnt mutUatad ^jUjJ.- 

232ViM. JVeuMiiuK. From Cfcigii^ I'mta'Sw-'^'^* ^■*'™^^;^ 
Aultm, Neven, and CrtuvA. TVe tro.™ ^aaift'. *^'^^"**^i^'^sj^AJ^ 
viider the Cimal du Centre, vWoixTOwTittte We ?<»o^f * 
and enters the valley of tlie Thalie. ftVs.1. F™V(iVw.»- 

4 Route I. MACON. 

'23ti M. OUIoo-iar-SaADs (fKlfh du Chrvrevll, rlu r 

with 20,iK)0 inhib., situated at the juiii^linn at Qir Cinal ilii ' 
with the Hubae , cimtiilnB Httle to Jiitercst the trtreller. 
etpinsB Iniiiig da not tciiich Chilon, thu bnuoh-tliie tn which di- 
verges from the JnuetioD OutlDA^l. fb»m«. Rnnch-lltiei b 
to Lom-tt'SatilaieT and to Dole. 

The Hue foltirwa the right banlt nf the SaSne; to the left fi 
(liatauoe rises the Jura, and in clear weather the BtKiwy «iii 
o; Mont BEano, upwards of 1(HU4. diHtaiit, ia visible. 'J&4 M. J\iw- 
ntu (5500 itihab.} poisaaBea i Hno >bbey-<ihuroh (St. Pbillbert). 

'274 M. Hfceoii l'H6trU de VEumpe, da Champii Elyttet, A 
Smivagt ; Buffet) . the Rapitil of the Department of the Safins and 
Lnin-, with IS.OOO inhab, , Is another great centre of the wln»> 
trade. The remains nf the ealhedral of £(. Vjiuml are partly In lh« 
Komineaqne style. Macon was the birthplaco of Lamartlne. — 
The Jiiie to Culot (Oeneva. Turin) ditergus here to the left: see 
H. 3. 

The line fiontiniiBB to follow the right bank of the Saflne. Soen- 
ery pleasing. The stations between Manon and Lyons, thirteen In 
nnmber, present little to interest the traneller. 

318 M. Lyoni, seep. 1). 

PiDii Stkasbsuhci (Bih) to LroHS by VNMouian and Bourg. (KaU- 
wsy from StrBMbarg la Bsl/arl, lOO M., eapnni in &i/< bn.; faru Itn, 
70, tOm. fiOpf. — From Belfort to Zmmi, 307 M.. Id U brs.: fmva U¥. 
IS, aOh. SOc.) — Frem SCnugbnrf fand tttno KOe} to jIMUuiun, nw 
Miuitetin^i W.i<it. Tbe Uennaa IrotillgT ilalioD, S»n >■- rnm mranbal^ 
ia JIlntSuKrol, and Iho French ftopUar-ntatinn la {DS H.) BtlMt, wM« 
tha PariB Hue dWei^ei. Belfnrt (8000 intihU.), a (brtmw od tbe BarOh 
i™»«, erected by Vaoban undar LOnls XIV,, wa» laken by Hie dgmMa 

«iquo, usdiilaliiig dinlrict; to ibt^ leCi rife the S|jun) uftbo Jura. Ai iMrf. 
mBrl, scyeral engaBemBnla touk place between Gen. WerdHr's army ant 
Ihe French under lioiirhakl in Jan. ICTl. Stat. JTimlMHanf belonged to 
lbs Qemiaa Gnptre down to 1T93. Beyond itat Youjaaaiurt Iba llae tallow* 

J'AbaBdanoe, eonlaiiu s Chrful on tho Crow by Diirar, and a Doaoei* 
tpmn the Cross by Brumino. Tba Library, founded in 1684, ccinlai« 
VasXa <olB, and about IHOD USS. Tlie Palait aronvtlle, a handsoipa 
Blmeturs la Ilie RcnalBgance alyle, was built In 153(UI). Tiie CATHaoaAl 
iVitSt. Jras RonlslDii palutlngi by Hehastiao del Plombci and 'Fra Bar- 
tulommeo. An admliable view la obtained (rom tbe Ciladrt, wMcb WM 
ciinatTDuled by Vauban. Tbe FoTU Nulrt, a (rluiapbal arch, and Ibe nrf§ 
TaiWt. On ibe river, rirlglnally pari of an aqueduct, are Inierea ting llomaB 

tMss •Urereea lo Ch^aa. 

• 9SI M. Saarg (p.SIji ircenery IJienH In ^a^^ M 


^^^~~ ""^^^^H 







lAMr-r, r..4f(.DG 

I J 


! *,„«r C! 

■n rM>n«r.,ihi^dtKiuiD.3 







I J'JrBll«-l« E-1.! 

8 ^fc,^2^ ('.,1 

8 *«„««»« r.t 

iunpw.w«>hu» D.t 


1! J,««^^ P.t 


13 P.t 



IG.'nwnBrf^lia' E.3 

i»A««;£u,>^ K.r.s 


ia»J.,qd«h C.V 


fflS^JlSw €.3 


waw«i"W c.t 

r AffiD^ 


d ftaw 


It jfAu.. C.t 

t d,la(harlU 


SSftfli- B.! 

F JiinHJP. 


Sl«iM. B.S 


»(UMbr B.3 



HKTfir H.G 

i ffilfi*-/ 



1 Julhran, 



asw^ ¥.i 


WJlArf E.F.* 






«jaAajfe«w D.l 



V»Zr„i,9it/l!^lirr f.l 

^■l Hr^.- D.S 

^K •'" . s< 

A ^^1 


Guiltoliirii, ud ioud lenctioi Hia exlenal?e Icrminmi (aI Lfon-Pirrriclie). 

L7DIII. — Est^L *ORAini UdTii. DK Lyos (PI. H), Bne da Ljun 
IB, in (bo Pnrisiui bItIc, wllb rCKtiuranl. uH,olc., K. 3, L. 1, A. iti,; 
•auKD HOiEi. CoLi.IT (h. b), Sne it Ljon 62, D^ B. 2Cr.; 'HiWd. 
UE L'EtiRoPii (H. c), £u8 d« Bejlecgur I, Gb. H^!^ TotrLuuSK Er na 
Stuhbudbd, Cnun du MiiU: HStkl du Hivbk m uc Liiishiuiiirg, Kue 
nupartu e, Dcnr Ihe PIbc« Uollccniir , S. 3, (tnalrm Hfr., Ob. U<(t, in 
BiLi.«coiiB, PlscE Bellgeonr, fonnErlj Loui»-U-Qr»nd 1 G«. Hrll. ox lA 

ILHeV UErBBAUx Ann (PI. d): IIiItel qu Viisociantb (PI. e); B6nu 
VtL'Hi^t. (PI. h)i HdTBL DB MiLAS (PI. kj; HAtei, du Frahcb. Knf Kb 
I'Arbre Sec, near the Musouib. 

OBfi-BotiiBTut. UcdtTHi, Ruli de Lvob 19, and Plucc de Is Bnorm. 

Oibi, per flrive 1 ft. fiO c. , t« hour 5 ft., puch fiillowinff huur 1 ft. 
eOo.! ftiim midaiehr (0 7 1.10. por drive 1 ft, 6S. per bonr 3 ft. AO u. — 
0.«Bift«. from Ihe nt&IioD lu lh« town BO, wilh luge>H>e 76 e-i holel- 

PhC Offlu, Place Bellecnur (open ftoni 7 a.m. In 8}. — £■- 
glKli Obuefa Bgrrfeg, resMsBl cbsplaio. 

LyoiiB. tlia tuaiioALugudu-nuin, which nftsT the tims of Augustus 
gave its name to otie-thiid part of Gaul , and the birthplace of ilic 
Itomau ciapomra Ulaudius and Caligula, is uow the second city, and 
tho Binet Important manufaetuciug place lu FranOB , with 32(i,000 
iiihab., Bilk being iu grnat etaplo commodity. Lyons is an arcbi- 
episcopil see. As an episcopal residence i( le meiitianed as esrly b,s 
lliu '2nd century. 

Tho situation of the uUy it the oonnueiiee of the Bhant and 
Sa&tie is ImpOBing. The &a6ue is croSBUd by ten, Ihe Rhone by 
apveii bridges, l.yonfl is one of tho best built towns in Fraiine. 
Gra&t aLterationB have taken place within the last 30 years, so that 
Ihe general aspect of the city is mndern. It consists of three 
distinct portions , the origiiiol town on the tongue of land between 
the Rhone and Sanne, the suburbs of Lta BTottaux and La QuiUo- 
iiire oil the left bank of tha Rhone, and the suburb of Valit an the 
right bank of the 8a6ne. 3'he military defences of the city consist 
uf ■ wide girdle of eighteen forla. 

Tile beauty of the sttUBtioii and the extent of tho city are best 
approdiated when viewed from Ihe **Heig)il af Fourailre {?\. lb; 
E. 4), crowned by its conspicuous church. Tho hill Is ascended 
by aeveral dilTerent paths, and also by a wire-rope railway , which 
starts uear the Calhfdrale St. Jean fPl. 4-1 ; E, 4"). On the slope 
sre I number of fragraeuts of Iloniao maeanrv - wttV K^^iJ.siMJi'-^^^ 
Bttached to them , whlah howeiOT mc nn*. ^B >i»- '■«»'^^^'^^*-'^ '^^!^]^3 
Thp tliuri;?! of iVoire Dame dt FouToftre. ^^-, ?!^^'^ *w.^ 
Btntture, containa » hijUy toiMBi 'm\iii\i<''™ vsmwp -\ 

! ;. LY0H3. From 

gin [lisited by upwirde o( 1 '/j million pilgrims tnnuilly) tni 
meroua votive (ablets. The tnwer connntude a m»giiifli«iil Vli 
[fee 25 c,; visitors miy asiMsnd to ihe Btstiie); and > still Snei 
prospect msy ba obtained from the neighhouriDg Obaervstory [fee 
50 0. i rest&iirtnt^. At the feet of the spectator Ho the imposing 
city, with the two dveis ami their bridges, aud the well cnltiTaled 
dilFlrict In the neighbourhood ; to the E. \a fine weather Mont BUn<3, 
90 M. distant, is sometimes vistbio ; farther S. the Alps of Dsu- 
pbintf , the Mts. of the Grande Ghartreuee and Mout PiUt, and to 
the W. the Mta. ff Auvergne. 

The Cfilbtdral of St. Jam Bapliitt (PI. 41 ; E, 1) on ths tight 
bank of the Safine, adjoining the Palats de Jostice, datea from tbe 
12th-14th eenturiea. Tha Bourbon r,hape!(lsten the right], Bfoded 
by Cardinal Bourbon and his brother Pierre do Bourbon, sou-in-law 
of Louis XI., ooutains some One scuipturea. 

On the left bank of the SaSna, about '/a M. lower donu, Is sit- 
uated the churoh of (he Afibe^ if Ainatf (PI, 24; F, 41 one uf the 
oldest iu France, dating from the 10th cent., the vaulting of whieh 
la borne by four autiqne cotumnft of granite. 

In tbaFtace dea Tetrtaiix (Pi. D, 3), in nhioh the Hotel de Ville 
and the Museum are situated, Richelieu caused the youthful Mar- 
quis de Cioq-MicB , who for a short period was tha favourite of 
Louis XIH., and his partiaaii De Thou to be executed as tralfCiB, 
12th Sept., 1642. Numeroui victima of the Revolution perishoa 
here by the guillotine in 1794, after whiiih the more wholesale 
system of drovrning and ahootiiig was introduced. The HStel lie 
VitU (Pi. 62), a handsome edidce built by Manpin In 1647-55, 
huE been receudy restored. 

The Pofais den Btaux ArU, or Matoim (PI. G9; D, 3), is Open 
to Tjsitors from 11 to 4, on Sundays and Thursdays gratis, on D(hw 
days for a gratuity (25-30c. in each of the difTerent sections). 

Under Ihe srcadea of tb« spacinng Culkt, are sumc remarkable 

aster-s Bnesl worki, palMei Id iu5» 
preiHinlBd lo the lown by Plus VBU^'. 

ipy ;.f DOnr's HadoDoa and CUii< 
, Emp. KaiimUiun and hi. c.maorl, M. 

n 1606 (p.'mTi iirigiDfll at PHgu«>. 



te Mm. TIBNNB. 

br tba EmHior Clandiiiii before lbs SensM k 
•iefencooftlioinoMureofbaiilflwinBcillieiiahlpci _, , 

riimilieg. — There is nbu • Jfniie iTBiitoire JValxrelli hon, ■□d ii Uftnir». 

The seooiiil floor of tlie Pataie do Commerce ct de ta Boune 
(Pi. 68; D, 3) eontaiuB the Mviie iCAtI tt iTIndiutric, tbundsd in 
lS58; tlie BpectmDtiB 111 lllusCriitiDD of tbe silk-culture are pirtin- 
ululy instrnuciTe. 

Tbe CfDie Librnry (PI. 6; D, 3> poasMHM 180,000 vols, and 
2400 MSS. In the neighbouring Place Tholozan rUee the bronie 
Statue of Manhal Suchet, 'Due iTAibufcra' (born at Lyona 17T0, 
d. IS36 ), by Diiinout, and the Place Sathouay (pP U, 4) is adorned 
with a fountain and a statue of Jacqaitrd (see above), eieouted iy 

Two nisgniacent new BtreeU , the But de Lyon fPI. D, E, 3) 
and the Itae de fHStel de YOU (PI. D, £. 3) lead from tbe Q6t«l 
de Ville to the 'Place de Belleeour (^foimeily Louis le Grand ; PI. 
K, 3), one of the most apacioua Bquacea in Europe, aod adorned 
with au EiuealTian Statue of LouU SJV. by Lemot. — The Sue de 
Bourban leads thenoe to the Place Perraclie with the station of 
that name, abutting ou the *ide Coura du HUdi [PI. F, 4], which 
Is planted with TOffa of trees. 

Beyond the station, aud occupying the point of the tongue ol 
land between the livers, is tbe suburb Perrache, named after its 
founder [1770), and rapidly iiiureaaing in eiteat. (From the st 
to the conBuence of the rapid Rhone and slUil;giBh Saone, 1 Vt M.) 

If time permits, the tiavellei should visit the 'Fare de la Tile 
•IOt, on the left bank of the Rhone (PI. B, C, 1, 2; 1 U. From the 
Place dea Terraaus), laid out in 1857, and containing fare plants, 
hothouBBB, and pleasure-groonds in the style of the Bois de Bou- 
logne at Paiia. 

The Kailway to MASBBiUiBa (Gare de Parrachc) descends the 
valley of the Rhou^, which flows on oui right. 

337 M. Tienne (H6lel du Nord t mttl de [" Porie), the Vienna . 
AUobrogum of the ancients, with 24,800 inbab., lieB.on the luft { 
bank of the Rhone, at the inflni of the Uire. Several interesting j 
memonlDBB nf its former greatness are still extant. The ao-oalled { 
'Temple of Avguilm, of the Corinthian order (88 ft. long, 49 ft. 
wide, 56 ft. high), with lli columns, and heiastyle portico, ia ap- i 
pioached from the ancient forum by twelve steps, in the middle of : 
which stands an altar. The temple was used in tbe middle ages as 
a church, but hu been reatored as nearly aa poafible to its original ' 
condition. Tbe anciejit ibbey-churuh of *St. Pierre, of the Btfa I 
cent., altered in the 18th and now realorcd, coiitaiua a mnseum of 1 
Roman antii|uities. — The 'Cathedral a( St. MiUL-rXM. S>w.-*«*^«i^ 
temple of Augustus and Cat, btWee M,io*ft '<^^* "*^^'*>>''^JL^2 
elasB of (he Ilth cent., but, nol c»m^\eVffii ^s,\ \.t,\^ , -Vfw*™*~: 

8 Butilt I. VALENCE. From ParU 

flnn tiiiiido of tilt) trminiiloii puriod. — On ihu high toad, </« H. S. 
of the town , staiirla tn arnliwty gurmautitud by til obelUk ulled 
the *Plan dt CAiyuiUt, obich onne served at tbe lucti Igoul] ot ■ 

A imall part oaly of Vimiiie it vi«ible from the riUway , wblnh 
fuset under the lown by a luuuel. Immi'diaiely beyond the tavn 
rlaas the Plm de 1'A.lgulllB , montianed ibave. The banks of the 
Rhone rise in gentle sloppg, planted with vinei and fruit-trees. On 
the right bank, it some dialaiLce from the river, towers lUonl PiUit 
(ilW ft.), H picturesque group of mnuntalns, at tlie base of which 
He the colebraiej viiinyarda of La CSU BStie. — 3f>6 M. Si. Rambert 
d'ilJftun [branth-Une to Orenoblo), — 373i/s M. Turn, wliero tha 
valley of the Khoiie coiKraeU; on the left riaen tho extenalva 
viiieyard of Ermitaye, where the well known wine uf that uame Is 
produced. In the diBtsnce to the left the indented spurs of the 
Alp« arc roiispicuous, alwve whfoh lu eloar weather the gigantic 
MaiLt_BI«no is visible. Tain Is eonnecled by means of i suspen- 
aiou-bridge vrith jToumon, on the opposite bank, a imsll town witli 
pictutetque old castles of the Counts uf Tournon and Dukes of 

Ou our left, in the dilectlun of the Lttlln St. Bernard , Dow 
opens the broad valley of the turbid Mre, whieh is alao Iraversed 
by B railway to Grenoble. In Septc'mber, B.C. '21B, Hannibal 
ascended this valley with hU army, and Rrossed the Little 8l. 
Bernard into Italy. 

384 H. VaXeneallJolei dt Frani-.e), the Vnlentla of the aneienla, 
once the capital Of the Duchy of Vnlaiiinois , with which the in- 
famous C'isBar Borgia was invested by Louis ?ill., is now the 
nhief town of the Department of the DrAme, with 20.000 in- 
liabiCalitB. — On the right bank lies St, Pirny, famous fbr its wine. 

411 M. MonUlimuT. Tho aurlpnt UBatle of the onue celebrated 
Monteli dl'AdMmar family ilaes on an eminence from tbe midst 
of uiulberry-traes. Tbe lino here quits tlie Ithone; the plain on 
the light expands. 

443 M. Ow^B f*H3ttl de la Puitc), 3 M. from the Rhone, 
the Arnaiiio of the llomans and once a prosperous and imparlant 
pla«e. In tbe middle ages it wna the cnpital of a small prin- 
(ripality, which , on the death of the last reigning prince without 
Issue in iri31, fell to his nephew the C-unnt of Nassau, and 
tiatil tho death of William III. [d. 1702), King of England, con- 
tinued subject to tha house of Nsasao -Orange. By the Peace ttt 
Utrecht, Orange was annexed to France, and the house of Nassau 
isCalued the title only of princes of Orange. Tbe antiquaitan 
sbould if possible drvotc a few hours to the Interesting Roman re- 
mains at Orange. On the road to Lyons, '/« M. N. of the town, ta 
i» 'Triamphiil Arch, with throe archways and twelve columns, pro- 
fMbiy datlag from the close of the 'ind ceWufj . 0\^\VB'&.t^A!tlA'&* 




w •*- 








y''X ' '" ", 


^^. s 



E f ■f'rT^^iP'^Ia^ * 






» «t,V^^^ coil* 

1! ^rOnWr- C 1 


itia>.ts» Git 

*«Wil!ff 3 
»%™ CDt 

1 — — G 

16 i>Ab» n^ s 


to ft'iw. AVIGNON. 1. RouH. 9 

town, nt the foot of sii eminence, Ufa the 'Riim<m Theatn, 118 ft. 
iu height, 33B It. In length, with walls 13 ft. iu thlckneeB (can- 
derge l/pl fr.}. The mlmlubly proseriLtd wall of tho stag;<> atUl 
containa tbe three doaia by which the actors entered; most of the 
tiers of ieata for the apectators, however, have entirely disappBared. 
The anonstic srrangeoient of the atructure is artioirable. Scanty 
remnant* of a Cmiis adjoin the theatre. The height aliove tho 
theatre , once occupied by the citadel of Orange which waa de- 
stroyed by Loula XIV. , affords a good survey of the neighbourhood. 
On the promenade la a sUtue of the Comte de Oaiparin (d, 1862). 

Bvyond Orange the line traveiaee a plain, at a conaiderable 
distance from the Rhone and the mounialiis, where olives begin 
ti) indicate tho prox.iniity of a warmer climate. — From (455 M.) 
Snrgvet a brsnch-lioe runs to CarptntTat [lO'/j M. ; H6t. de la 
Foste), the Palais de Justine of which rontalus a Triumphal Arch 
of the 3rd century. 

461m. iTignon {'HBtel dt I'Earope, Pi. a, D. ft; B. I'/j, 
A. ^/4fr. ■ HdUI du Luxembourg, PI. b; Lrruvrt, Pl.o; all^/4M. from 
Hie station, omnibus 50-75 c-.; best Cafii In the Pla^el, tho /luenio 
of theKomana, who eBtabliabed a colony hereS. C. 48. It afterwards 
belonged Ui the Burgnndiana, then to the Franks, became the cap- 
ital of the County ofVenaiBla, lost ite independence to Louis VIII. 
la illG, fell into the hands of Charloa of Anjou in 1390, was tho 
residence of the pope a from 1309 10 1377, seven of whom, from 
Clement V. to Gregory XI., reigned hpre ftho latter transferred his 
seat to Itomo in 137T), and continued subject to the pontifical away 
until it was annexed to Franne by the Itevolution in 1791. Tho 
population annk from 70,000 iu the reign of Loula XIV. to 17,000 
at the Revolotlon, but has again Increaaed to 38,000. 

Tht< tnwn Ilea on the left b&nit of the Bhane, a little above 
the inllnx of the Durunee , and ia connected with ViUtnaivc 
an the opposite bank by a suspenslnn-brldge. The old clty-'Walls, 
conatmcted in 1349-08 of massiTo blocks of atone, with towers at 
intervals nf 100-150ydB., are admirably preserved and testify to 
tbo former importance of the place. < 

Tho town la commanded by the abrnpl Bocher dee Donu (nipi'S | 
dominoruml. 300ft. in height, which is surmonnted by the Callii- 
dral of Solrt I)«me, (PI. 10), a structure of the i4th cent., re- 
nently restored. The portico is of considerably earlier origin. The | 
church contains the haiidBome *Manumont of Pope John XXII. i 

(Euae of Cahora , d. 13341, *nd that of Renedlct XII. (d. 1343) in | 

the loft aisle. Tho aquare tower behind the Cathedral, called La i 
Qiaeiirt, was formerly employed as a prison of the Inquisition, | 
and during the Daya of Terror in 1791 became the ^jlaaa <i< tij^ | 
ouHon of several innocent vintinia of Oie^e'f'Ai.'*™*^- ..jj. -» 

In the vioijitly of the cathpfttaV i\bb6 ftvo^Po-vA ■'^"^*^ii'ii 
E. 2), now uaed ae a banack, a lo^^ 6ft4 %\w>o>-i ^■'^*' 

i^ J 

10 Roate I. 

Clement V. mil hit sur.eetaoi*, with huge U 
in beigbt. The bdud bemoBe In the CAap«U< du St. Offhem 
Dxeeuted by SlmonR Memmi of Sten> (d. 133B1. Uienit was U- 
urcuMted bete In 1361 In Ihe Tour ilci OuAtiel(e) . *t the Mnu 
lime Ibit PelTirch wta eaterulned in the pilice u a gueet. 

PloBBtnt grounds have bceu laid out on the bill nest (ha oatll*- 
dtal. Thu beat point of view Is s ronky eminence lu the oealrA. 
The •^roipect, one of tho most beautiful In Frattife, umhraoot the 
uouiBH of the Ithone and its baika ; Vllleneuve on the oppotlte bank, 
nlth Ita citadel and anulent towers; In the diilanca towards Ihe 
N.W. the Cevennes ; N.E. Mont Ventoui ; E. Ihe Durance, retem- 
bling a aliver thread, and beyond it the Alpi ; below the ape«t*t«( 
the tortaoua and antiquated atreelt of Avignon. On the promer- 
nsdea Is a statue to Jam Aithen, erected in 184B, out of gratitude 
to him fbr having in 1766 Introduced the nultlvatton of madder, 
wMuh now formi the staple sonunodily of the district (aaed ex- 
tensively in dyeing the French red military trowaera). 

At the base at the Rochet den Doms Ilea the Plaoe de I'HAtel de 
Villa (PI. D, 3). with a numbot of handsome modern edlflcea. In 
ftont of the Thtatre (PI. 30;) are statues of Racine and MoUtre ; the 
medalllona above repreaunt John XXII. and Petrarch, The ad- 
joining BSui dt ViiU {PI. li) poEsesaes a qiuint cloch with Hgoiee 
which atrlke the hours. In fiont of It aUnda a Statut of OriUon 
(PI. 34), erecti'd in 1853 to this celebrated soldier (d. at Avtgaos 
ill 1615'); the podeatal bears hia motto, -Pais ton devoir' . 

In the Rue Calsde la the 'Muiet Calott (PI. 26 , C, 3 ; open 
daily, BUBtodian 1 fr.), containing a few ancient pictures, iraiii^ 
aroui works of the Vemet family, who were natives of AvignOft 
(Joieph, the painter o( aea-pieeea, bis son Carie, and bis celebrated 
gtandaon .HofaceJ, several small works of art, coins, etc. — ,The 
Library oontains 80,000 vols, and 2000 MSS. 

In Ihe garden at the back of the Museum a monument wm 
erected in 1823 by Mr. Charles Kenaall to the memory of Patrareh'a 
Laura. Her tomb waa formerly iij the Eglise des Cordeliers, bnt 
was destroyed with the church during the Revolutloo. 

la i^,l'raHMa, Filrarca, Ibeu 22 yeari of age , vlilled Avigaoo. 

t yonS 

f SI. Claire, Her lieauly impreawd 

profnnndly, Ihtl, allboqgb be aever rBCeivod tbc Ali^hleit tskoB 
from the ubjcel of his TfimanUE aLtachmenl , eiLhcr before m 
mirriage wllh HugaeB de Hade, le continued tlirouEhout bli 



till 1874 


The long and Intimate conuection of Avignon with Rome, M 
oil as its reminlacBnces of Pelratoh, uia'j be aali Wi \«.-<B«\,tha 
nj with da a/most Italian charai-.tei. TIUu vrtrnXo al PrfraHwu.'aB- 

dRod recalls the Bcener; of the ■DUtli mote tli 
in France. 

A-vlgtioniaa very vlud]' place. ThepTevailliigjtfiilruJnften blo' 
with great violence, anil has giiea riae to the auclcnt flaying : 

(in 1-1</| hr. t r*tet 3 fr. 90, I It. 35, 1 fr. Ofi c). Thence drive or walk 
up tbe v>lU; of the Sorgue, fDUawing ils slnDoeitici Uiwardi Uont Ven- 
loux, to the |3 H.) Tillage or Vauauit (Udtel de Laure), A tooMi.rii 
leada beoce In 'k hr. Into 1h« Fancliue ravine, a rocky gorge, auove 
which the rained caetia nf the ttlahopn of Cavalllon rineii dd the ritAl. At 
its oltremil; Iho noureei of the Sorguo emerge froia a prufuimd gralto, 
Bl one Hme in precipilalc liasle, al aoolber in gentle rlpplea. This ipot 


Soon after quitting Avigoan tbe train crosBes the hroad hed 
of the often impetuous and tnrhld Duroiwe, the Roman Dmentia. 

474 M. TaluooD tH6tel da Empereura). with 12,4i]0 iuhab., 
odoe the neat of King IWne' of Anjon , the great patron of min- 
strelsy, whose lofty old caitle and above it the Oothic spire of the 
church of SI. Marihe [Uth cent.) arrest the trnvellei's attention. 
— On thf opposite bai^, and connected with Tarasoon hy ■ bridge, 
Is situated tbe busy Iowa of Bemicain, commanded by an snnient 
castle of the Counts of Toulauge. carr. tnr lbs eicurnio*n 10 fr.). On''llie lile uf Ibe ancicnl Olmmm, 
V. M. ahuve 'he Bmoll town, are sitiialcd two InletMline •flamon Koh- 
vmenu. One or Ihejc^ B3 ft. in height, resembling Iha colebrated mon- 

Luciiu, and Uircnn Juliiu 'tu the memiir; o( [belr parents, and is euo-' 
nlmcted nrmasiivc blocks ofilnnein Ihree dilTcrenl alurles. TbJK loagniS- 
eenl-rellG belongs to Ihe lime of Cesar. Adjacent lo 11 la a half mloed 
*TWiMVAal Are*, alio adorned wlUi sculpluten. 

Contiti nation of the lino to .Marseilles, see p. 13. 

RiiLWAT FRoii TiBAscoN TO NiMEs lu ^/f hr. (ftiroa 3 fr. 30, 
1 fr. 45 , 1 fr. dO a.). The train crosses the Rhone to Beaueaire 
(ieti above) and passes several nnimportant stations. 

IS'/s M. Slmei. — Douiibua lo ikc butoli i/i fr., atb lb, — 'Hflui. 
iiD LuiKKBDUBU (PI. a; F, 4), in [be Esplanade, «'e]] epoken at. B.. 3, A. 
Itr. I 'HclraLBIiKivRTlPl, c; K, *), ■ippnallc lb« MaiionWrtc, moderates 
B&rii: DU Uibi |P1. d; D, 3), Plncv de la Cminmn'!; CnsvAb ItLAHalPl. lit 
B, 4), oppmiile (ha Arena. QnoA Cafli in 'be Mplanadr, oppneilc the Kmnn, 
and tbe Maliion Carrde. 

Nlmea, tbe ancient Nenuiutae, capital of the Gallia AteuDinaci, 
alid one of the most Important plaites in Gallia Narhoncnsia, is now 
the chief town of the Deparlmcnt of tho Ga(d, Tliif«s«\-, -»>!&*»■ 
nnnibera 15,000 Protestants among its ^iBiftW-ftov>:ii'>^o^'A'®'**^? 
has sBVB/aJ (imes been tbo stena ol timte laWtKa'a* *'«^>«fi**-' *^^ 
fl»lly during the reign or Lou\s XIN . 

12 iiouu I. nImes. 

Tlie Uiwii ia «iiiraiiuili«] by pliKSHnl HouIdti^ 
tie In the Eaplanadt . ■dorni'd u ith a hitidsame modprn fi 
group ^rppreaenitiig ihn city uf Nemiittas, «itb four TiTer-dcWiw']. 
— Thfl •^UMum, In the line Si. Atiioiiip. pontslfifi » rollentioa ot 
Roman mliquilies (rifh in iniscriptioiis), i library, and about 200 pic- 
tures, including several ^ood works chleriy by modein Flench aitilU. 

The eztremuly tnteTssling itoman anttqiiillea are not fardistlllt 
fiom the station. We Hrat Teach the 'Attna, at AmphUhtatrt (PI 
3; E, 4*1, coiisisttiig or two itorieB, earb tilth GO arnadet, toge»« 
74 ft. in height. The eMerior i» in eicellent preservation. The IB- 
turinr nontains 33 Here or seats [outnnco on Che W. side; when 
a notice indicates the dwelling or the concierge; 50 c], and coubl 
Bl^<H>m^lodate 23,000 apectatora; longer axis 145 , shorter 112 ydl.,, 
height 74 ft., iniior (rent 7B by 42 yds. ; upper gallery ahout V4M. 
in nircumfotenoe. 

Ths tDiiBder ia anknowB, lul U oonjoolured lo kave I>«b ths emperor 
AnluBlDua Vim, about B.C. l4D, wtiow anceslore ware nalivet uf Kviuih' 
•U. Tlic fQDT original entrances am illll traceallle. Donn Ed the p4*«^ 

ta annpurlBJ b; beama. In ibe middls ages the Arana waa emplurod by 
tlw VialBOlbi and afterwards by Itae Saraceni w ■ Turlnw. EitenidTtf 
worka nf rtaloratiun am buw Ei'iae nn, especially in Iba intrrior aad m- 
tha E. ride ut Ihe eilerlar, aa Ibe Arena ii atill naod for Itav ellilblliM 
ot biLll-ll(bU (liul iif a l>]aDdluas sliaraEieT). 

The next objeet of interest is the 'Mainrn Carrit | Pi. 19 ; D, 3), 
a well preserved lemplo (83 ft. long, 42 ft. wide), with 30 Coriu. 
Ihiau columns [lO delaebed. 20 ImuiDred'), dating from the reign 01 
Augnstns, or, more probably , of Antonilliia Plus, employed al > 
oburub in tho middla agoa and subsequently aa a town'hall. Th' 
temple was connected with other buildings, the foundations 
which still exist, and in all prolrabllity constituted part of the 
cielit forum, like the similar Temple of Augustus at Vionno |p. 

From (he Maiaon Csrrrfe the visitor shoiild neit proceed by 
Boulevards and tbc oanal to the Jardin de la Fontaine, where 
*!fymphaeain(Pi.2ii: 11,0, 2), formerly auppofied to be aTemfih 
Diana, is situated. This line vaultL'd structure, with nichea for 
reoeption of statoes, has partly fallen in ; U cnntaiiis statues, but 
BTchltHCturai rrapmeTits, etc., from tbe excavations which have be 
mads htre. The nature of the extonaive ruins behind the Ny 
phEsuni cannot now be ascBrtaincd. Here, too, ate the Rn' 
'Batlvt excavated by Louid XIV. They nontnlM a targe peri' 
witli low GoiuninE, a number of nicboa , a basin (or swlniniinf 
the spring by which Nimes is now supplied with water. Well 
pleasure-grounds in the towwi style adjoin the hatha. (Tlif 
nierge at the E. entrance to the garden keeps the keys of the : 
phBura and the Baths; 1 fr.) 

Beyond the spring rises a hill with promenades , surmuunti 
flie •3burwiojm< (tiirrta magna; Vl.'W; C. \V ii.\\jm\H\ ^tawt 
nu/ous/j' conjectured to have beau a'oeacou-W'«w, »i*ftw^. 


Liry (keys at > small red lioiiaii , to the right a 
the baths, aliout 200 p»e,ea ticlnw tlie iiuiiimit~). It irsa more prO' 
bably a mo mi mental tribute to some iUustiioiis Komnn. The lower 
is of oi'.tagDiiil form, and is ascended by a modern atairi»se of 140 
[ aliipB. Tile 'View from tlie summit well lepaya the ascent ; it em- 
bracefl the town and envliolia , as far as Ihe vloiolty of the estuary 
I or the Khona. and the distant Pyrenees to the W. Thn oitent of 
i ancient Neraausus !a diatinotly lelogliiaed hetine ; two of the «n- 
nt eatBs, the PbtIo Auijiisli [P! . 23 ; F, 3) and the PorU de 
France {Pi. 24; D, 4, 51 are still partly preserved. The former, 
dlsoovered in 179!) , has four entrances and huars the insariptlont 
Imt. Cabsar, DiTi, F(jLitia) Avgtbttb. Cob. si. TaiB. Pot. Pob- 
TiB. MvBoa. Qth. Col. D*t., signifying ihat Augustus prOTlded 
the cnloiiy of Memauaua with gates and wailE in the year h.C. 23. 
The ether gale is of eimplur construction , ajid one nrch of it only 
's preserveil. 

KxoniaioH HI ine Poht uu 0*.aD, U'/j M., uointcrunting country, 
by cirr. in 2 hra. Onn-hor.e earr. Ihero mi haoli 13 h. ( the Hillel 
■ 1 LuKemhonrg). Or Ihe InivrfUr any s.iLil himself of one of Ibe omni- 

Tbe "Fsatdn ENui, a liriilge and aqueduct otar the Gird, whUb 
iscenda rram the Civimnes, passing tho Kiwa oC Alait with Iti elluuite 
un.wurki, ia nne nf the grandul Eoman works in exintsnce. The 
AOlati rocky vulley of the Qard it bridged over by a llimcfald seriea 
archca (thu Inwenl G, the next 11, and tbD hlgheat 3a In nauiher} which 

h aiLpiiaaea m faava beeo (he rounder. TJia olijecl d! Chl> nlTacture was 

'w'nea^u'iia, a itSanCB oHa Tt. SevoSl nrch'e"r"°iUo aeenlrihe 

IhB Pom in Qarrl, and olher trace, of Ihe aqnBduct still eiial nusrpr 

carriage! was addefl lo the Roman aqufducl 

train IraTenea Ihe broad and fertile plnln nn IbB 

LouU xrr., and the Chateau ^Eau. Fine 

~ ~ Dnuigou in (be Pyrenees la viilble. Tba .Tan 


Ssdle! by R. 
•od other cu 

Fkdh Taiiascon (p. 11} TO A&LRS the railway skirts the left 
■Ilk of the Rhone. The country, which is Oat, and planted with 
le viae and olive , presents a marked southurn fharaiitur. The 
iwumers and unintelligible patois of the inhabitants dilFer materIaU<i 
Hfom those of N. Frannf. The pwiiUKt anlxweai. ist 'C&« ^«i.'*t.<^ 
enraUangitsg,. ,.m ployed by tlie TTOubnAoMTS toki *«i'v«' '«»**\; 
f/pn.nen„fle,i htre like -).(«. g. i,e«\«,n,v«-\, o:u \V*« * V<^«* "■' 

14 RouU I- A.RLES. 

oheTiiber). Theee «hsrs<!t«rlitlvii . is 

eiciuble tecnper&iueDt or the iiiitlvui . liHtnlmn tbe gTidii»I 

tlon from Frsnoe to Inly. 

4H3 M. lktlvt(*Mdtfldii NonI; mul Ju Foruml. the ArtUtte m 
Anini of tbe anddnts, oaee one or the mo«t Importml town* In 
Oiul, !b nnw I Bomewhat dnil flare (26,400 liihab,) on tbe Uhone, 
24 H. trnm its mnntfa. It la RonDented with TrtnquelaitU on tlw 
oppogitn bank by a bridge o( boita. 

The pHnelpal lights of Ailea , for whinh 8-4 hrs. ttttiee , tra 
■II within Gsey diaUnce from the hotttla: to the R. St. Trophlme, 
the extenaUi- MuaBiim, and the Theatre of Aiigiistua; N. the Ant- 
phltheatre, tnA S.E. the ChampH-Klysdes. 

Id the Plane of the MdUl He VitU, which was erected in 1673, 
riaea an *Obeli>k of grey granite frnm the mines of Rstcelle near 
Frflua (p. 191 an andont monument of unknown origin, fonnd !■ 
the Rhone in IbTB. 

In the vUlnity standa the TaWedroi o/"**. Trophbne (Tmpid- 
mna ia said to have been a papil of St. Paul), founded in the 6A 
or ?t)l Rent., pnsBesslng an intoreating Romanesque 'Portal of tho 
12th or ISchoent., of semlciroiilar ftorm, supported by twelve ml anmB 
(eating on lions, between wbiuh are apoatleB and saints (St. Tt»- 
phimuB, St. Stephen, etc-.,) ; above It Christ as Judge of the world. 

Tbe iHTasiDi contains IIIIIb io intenit Ihe viillur, with tbe ca> 
eaptlOD of leisral sarcophagi and pictarsn. — On lbs S. slds CeBt«re4 
From Ilie lacrltty) are tfas -Cloisthki, with round and pulnlod SHka* 
and remarkable captULln, diLting rioni varioua cpiHbs. Tbe ». alda li fK 
Itaa hair antique ilile of the CarlorlnglaD ireriod iStli cent.}, tin. S, aide 
datei frum 1231. Ihe W. aide (Ibc most beauUful) fram im tnd Uu B. 

Fdde frum the IStb eentgry. 
The "Muiaim , establlBhed in the old ehurch of St. AatM, 
contains numerous antiquitiea fnnnd In and near Aries. The 
tollowlng relics deserve special mention ; "Head of Diana (or 
I Venns^ ; Augiiitua (found In 1S34) ; recumbent 8ilenuB with p^, 

■ ones used as a fonntain-flguro ; and sarcophagi from tbe anoient 
H burial-ground (see below}, etc, 

B The *ThiatTe (commonly caUed that of 'Augustua'), a uioat ptc- 

H turesque ruin, is in a very dilapidated condition. The most peifeot 

H part is the atage-wail, wMcb ai^eording to the ancient arringemaDt 

H bad three doors. In front of it was a colonnade, of which two «^ 

H UDUlB, one of Atrii^n, the other of Carrara marble, are still ttaltd- 

H Ing. Tbe opening for the letting down of tbe curtain is diettnclly 

H leuognisable. The occbestra, paved wltli slabs of variegated marble, 

H contained the seats of persons of rank. The lower tiers only of the 

H seats of tbe ordinary spectators 

I obi 

■ dlr 

^^^ em 

piihllc promenade). 

to Niee. ARLES. I. Aoute.-l 

infarior prrservatiim. It is »bom MMJ yds. in ciiflumfKranflo^ , 
longer axis U luOyds., the shorter llRyds. long; the HrenftT^ydfl. 
long and 43 yds. wide. It posaessed live corridora and forty-three 
tiers of suatg, holding 25,000 Bpeatators. The two itoricis of 6U 
arnhee, the loner being Doric, the upper CorinthlaD, preBcnt a most 
tmpoilng asper.t. The entiaiine is on the N. side. 

The iKiiBioB (Ibe cnneierga Uvua oppmlle Ihs N. sntranee} wu fnr- 

eena, and aKaln by Chu-lei Martnl (who expeUed Ibe'lktler fn T3S), u n 

UBK of lOa'itnpA mttcende Ibe W. lower, grtilcb uommnDdi t plisiulne mir- 
voy of the nelghbonrbnod. Tbe viults bcnuth (he lowest tier of leBl* 
lEFvad u reoeptBClei [or the wild beuiLi, the eliidiHlnri', etc. They coiu- 
miiniaalefl with the srana by metna nf iljt duora. The apectiitoTH of hl(h 
raak occupJHd Ibe fiont secld and wer« protected from the jiLLkcka nf tliti 
wild aolmblB by a lofty parapet. Bloodluan butl-flgbtd are oav oecaaloa' 
ally oiiilbiliid btre. 

lu the Plaee_ du Forum , the aite of the aimlent marhet-place, 
two granite pOlara and fragments of a Corinthian pediment are still 
seen (near the Hiltel du Nord). 

On the S.E, aide nf the town are the ChnmpK Etyiiieii[A.liaciatp»), 
originally a Roman burying- ground, nonsec^rated by St. Traphimus 
and furnished by him with a chapel. In the middle agea thU 
cemetery enjoyed sneh celebrity that bodies were oonveyed hlthitr 
for sepulture from vast dlstaniiei. It Ifl mentioned by Dante in 
his Inferno [9, 113}: 'Si come ad Arli, ove fioifaiw ttagnn, . , , 
fitnno iiepoicri UUlo il loca vara'. (^'Aa Kt Aries where the Rhone 
ia dammed, .... the graves make the whole ground uneven'.) 
To thia day many ancient sareophagi are atill to be eeen lu the 
environs of the r.urioua old churiib , although after the first Re- 
volution great numbera were sold to reliu-huntera from all parts 
of the world. 

raoit Aaiis lo MoaTraLLiaa (j. 13) a branch-line runj In IVi Hr. 

Below Aries beijins the tint delta or the estuary nf Ilie Bbone lattoil 

r the Rhoao, which had previously b 

admlli vsiiBuls lo th 

Retween Aries and 5alon the Hue intersects the stony plain of 
Crnu , whioh the ancients mention as the soene of the conteat of 
Hercniea with the Liguies. Near St. Chamas the liuo skirts the 
long Etang <U Berre, an extensive Inland lake on the right. From 
1519 M.) Bognae, a branoh-line diverges to Aix^ the anciant Aqvat 
Stxllat. Beyond (635 M.) Fas-des-LnncUrt the train travurses the 
longest tunnel in France, nearly 3 M. in length, on emergiaf, («'s>. 
which it passes some grand rocky sceiveT-j. tVe sw. i>ro« tJWBts*'''* 
•ight, and iiie rocliy Islands ot C^aUa1l dMf, ftaV.ytmtrtu., **«-• " 
seen rising from the Gulf of HalBevUba. 

" , uui Q'ltfr.; rriiBi midnlclil Ult [ 

(M. t; 

3), Be 










il D,3) 


ba lUTbiurt HOT 



by Ro 

DU cull 



goallf A 


■rg C*. 

M*4, erm 

Tbc ( 

Uim ■ 

in Mi» 


Sinn .tylo. 

««, Ru 

c Qrignt 

63 IP!. 31 

Ucnlpb OM... Ru« 


DL.ur 10 



iM), JljUn'i, ffno 

. Mi-pUt, FnUrvto, 



tlu, bt> 


d op. 1 

Ihg Jl« 



lieh "i< 


Z: iTl 

Kuwtler-biilhB. donchc. 








Isr^e •UOtU.lrUk 
tax Aadu rf- Amumu 

CD dl5l 


woll ntlcd HP nd 


Bi1.r hi. 

hsi hnl 

d penri 


MoTMilUi. with upwArils of 300,000 inhsb.. tlie e»i>iMl of the. 
Department of the Embounhuree of the Rhone, la the prlnsipul (ea- 
port of Friuce, uid the dep6t of > brisk jntritlme tTsfflc with the 
East, lUly, and Africa, 

IfauiHa was a colony toaBioi aboul K.C. eOO by Orecta tiom Vhoan 
In AsU Minor, who inon became manli^ra nf Ihe «». dcfeMi^d Ihe Cai- 
lh&>llil*na in a naval baKlB near Co 
Willi Ibc Rnmanl as early as B. C. 390. 

"lib as rom-D* 

— .,-,- , d »i^ata (Kite;, — . , - , 

■dllend Id Ibe Oreak language, eualonu, and cultnTC. Haasilia mainl^aad 
Ihla reputallon until the [mpcrial potiod of Ooms, and waa IbireCOn ti«at- 
ed vini lenlenoj and respect by Jaliog CtEsar when conquered by htm, 
B.C. 19. Tacitus lofomia ua tliat hie AgricDla a uUn at 
Oiti noisbbourine Roman nuiony of Fnmm Julil (FrJjus), funnJ, efeoandOP 
Claudluit, ample oppnrtiiDilies for Dompleline bh eduEallon at Musllla 
In the OrreBk muiner, for which purpose Alhem waa usually trcanented. 
Tlie lown posaemud lumpleii of Diana (ud >ba alls of lliu pcesent calhedTal), 
Of Neplune (on Ibc <;iinAII, <ililp'i1l<i. nnil "tlicr Eoda, lis govemmaae was 



- — . - - , - __ jr ihent IM 

Ronsil dt riilt, in oFflcer ot nneineani, uompniied the calebntpd JfarieB- 

bymii of Ihe'republicno •rmies. 

The docks and quays (com]>, plan) are very extaiisivB. Tlie 
harbour liae been cxteDded to foui times Its former ahit aiaco IS&O, 
uotwltbstandlDg which there is still a dQumnd for increased accom- 
modatioiL. In 1R53 the Port de ia JoUette was added to Cbe Anaitn 
Port, nod is DOW the starting-point of most of the steamboats. The 
Baffin dv Lataret taittArene were added next, in 18D6 theBauln 
liapoUon (now national), and recently the Bamn de la Qare ISari- 
lime. Other extensions are projected. 

The old harboui is long and narrow. Its entrajiee ie defended 
by the forts of 81. Jtan and St. Nicotai. — Near the Farmer Is the 
Consignt (PI, 6 ; D. 5 ; entranee by the gate, fee 50 r.), or offtoe of 
the 'Intendance Sanltalre' (quaranttno authorities). 

The principal ball oonUlns several guod pictures: iforaci Vcriul, The 
cholera, on board the frigate Uflpninciiei Bmid, St. Rochua praying to 
the VirgiD ror the plagne-slrieken , painted iu Boine, 1780) Ovirin, The 
Chefaller Hoie dlrcclloe tbt^ mpulture at those who baTe died of Ibe 
plinue; PhviI. The plague at Milan, a relief in marhlei Oirard, Bishop 
BrlBoni^B fluring the jilagne of 1720, TBnrnHri, The friEale Juntine relum- 

A few pace! farther N. is the Calhtdrat (PI. C, D, 5), a new 
edifice constructed of alternate courses of black and while sUine, In 
a mixed Byzantine and Romanesque style. The towers are sar- 
monnted by domes, designed by Vaudoyer. The terrace commands 
a pleasant survey of the Basein de la Joliette. — To the E. , in 
froDt of the old harbour, is the former 'K^sldence ImpMale', now 
Chateau da Pharo, a hoeplMl (PI. E, b). In the vicinity are Che 
sea-batba (p. 16> 

*La CuiNeBiBRB (PI, D, 3), a broad and very handsome atieet, 
intereects the town from W. to E. , from the extremity nf the 
Aneien Port to the centre of the town where the ground rises. In 
thiE street, a few paces from the baibonr, stands tbo Bonne, witb a 
porlleo of Cotiuthian oolnmns, erected 1654^00. 

A short distance further the Court (PI. 0, D, 3) la reached ou 
the left, a shaily promenade generally thronged witb foot-pasB- 
engers, at theS. end of which stands the statue of Bishop ficjivnce, 
who durtng the appalling plague in 1720, which carried off 40,000 
persons, alone maintained his post and faithfully performed the 
solemn duties of his calling. — From this point the Rue d'Aix. 
ascunds to the An de Trlomplu (PL 1 ; C, 3\ erected iu 1823, and 
afterwards adorned with ropresentatlons ot Napoleonic battles iu 
relief by Samcy and Daald d'Angcts. 

We now relorn to the Oannebiftre. Opposite the Oou.taoT^M». 
the Cotiri dti Fimr», ooiitiiiued by llit Rue At Rtm« mA-Cw^"*™- 
MBNiiiBiioPRiuo, whifihuaija'M.VQVe'n^vVVw.'on!-"*^'*-.'^'^^. 
Ill Ibe laller, at the point wtOTB \l <.a-t»a V^ ■toc"*-"**^^ 
Itmlj 1. 6th Bdlt. 

18 R',i,U ;. MAltSKII.LKS. 

( liAlfiiv dia Fltnrt, thr pruperty of the Kiflo-gbootln. 
Hi eiiil, clodo to tho ees. is tlie ddloiu Borilg, eitnsteS I 
teniiva pirli, *iiil Minbilriiiig n «>ln»bte Munlfe dci Anli^w (Egyp- 
tUii, Phftiivinii, Greek, ind Koiimii inscrlptluiiB siid iiitlijaitiM^ 

Td the left ill Ihu Cdutb des Flours it the vnlrinee M the uai^ 
inv Kile do la Pslud , la * tDuntaln . adariipd with an liiBignillouit 
boBt of Pierre Pupel, the relebwlcd sonlptur, who wkb t, nilfve of 
KamtUlBt (iffllr-Si). 

At the E, eaA of th(^ Bnuiciini He Lnngrlmmp rise* the new 
and handanme 'Muile de Lnngrhamji (PI. 34 i B, 1^ , eonsisHoi; sf 
two e»tpn»l*e biittdliiBB winHectrd by a oolonnade o( the lonto 
oriler , n.loniEd with a fnuntalH in the nintra. The right wing 
Mntlina tbe Miuie d'Hiiloin NatvrtUe ; Iii the otbec is tbe Mutlt 
dt» Betmi Arti , coDtalTilug seveiil goad pictiircB (P^raglno , Mt- 
donna and Saints; Miullla, Capuchin Monk; Holbein, pottTatt,. 
retouebed, and others). 

The well-kept gronnds at the back of the HiiBeuoi extend Ui 
the Jurdin da PlatUct {Zoological Garden; PI. A.B.l ; adm. 50 a.). 

*ViGW. The best BuiToy of tbe town and environs U afforded 
by tbe ehiircb of *Kotbr Dams i>b la OAitnii (PI. F, 3), Bitu&tAd 
oil an omltiGiicu to the S. of the old harbour, an anclont ahiiiie, 
Tt-bniit from deSignB by Esperandleu in m&4. The highly orDBte 
interior cnntalna an Image of tbe Virgin and innuinerablo »DtlTo 
tablets prrsnnted by those who have been resctucd from shipwiadc 
or dUnase. The tprrate la Front of the ubuiob, and esppi^lally tbe 
gallKry of the tow,>rf 154 steps"), which contains a hiigp. bell, 10 Una 
in weight , and is to be crowned with n large Bgnre of tbe Virgin, 
command an admlrablo soTTey of tbe e^ttensivc city . oncnpying &b 
entire width of tbi^ valley , the innumerable white villaB (btuUdu) 
on the Burrounding hills , tbe harbanr and the barren group of 
islands at i(a entranoe, with tbe Chateau d'lf, where Mlrabeau WW 

■ once conHned [^also mentioned In Dunias' Monte Cbriato), and put 
of the Mediterranean. ISeveral different paths ascend to this point 
froni the old barbonr, terminating In steps , a Bomcnhat fatiguing 
oliuib. The full fOrue of tbe preralliug Mistral (aeo p. 11), or 
piercing N.W. wind, tbe sMTOrge of ProYence, is often felt hore. 

The follDwinK drive of aavenl houra la Mcommended. Aaceud tb« 
JVomB-Bde (iH Pra4o late above i PI. F, G, 1). pa<s Iha CMIian Ha Plnrt 

, ChBol'n de Celntun (or la Co'niicbe}, oa which lies •Hal. XavHon, baaotl^ 

I fully situated. _^_^^__ 

I Railway fbou Mabsrilles to Nicb (140M., In 6</3-7Vi >>».( 

■ fares 27 fr. 70, 20 fr. 75, 15 fr. 20 c). Thu intereBting rente at ttrat 

■ traversoB rocky defiles al Bonie distance from the se>, and, faxthei 

■ on, oomniands striking views. Several tunnels. — 23 M- La Ciodii, 
^^ eharmingly situated nn the uoast , and the niost beautitui point on 
^^ ti» wbolg Journay. 


i M. lonlon (Chand IlSlel, hbh the statioii; Vieturia; 
iI'Ot ! Rnitviy KeiinuTunt), the wsr-harbour of France for tIlBMrf& 
tl;[^>ll<^s[|, with TT,100 iilhab., paeaesnea a double hafbour, piotect- 
od by eleven forts wbicb urowii the surrounding beighta. In ITOT 
the town WHS besieged In vain by Friiic<> Eugeue, and in 1793 the 
inhaUtaiita aucrendoled to tlio English Admiral Hood. In Dti- 
uember of that year it was gallantly defendfid by a small body of 
English soldiers against an enemy »f tenfold number, but was at 
last taken by storjn. The attaclt vas eoiiduuted by Buuniipartt, 
lieutenant or artillery, then 24 years of age. Beautiful *Viow from 
the hill on which stands the fort of ia Malgut. 

Beyond Toulou the train quits the uoast and winds through the 
Afontajfiicg dei Maures to the U.K. 4dVi M. La Pauline. 

BUAHOU-LINE to (B U.J HtBeis in 21 oinutetl. TJja smaU tuwn of 
Hrln* (Sdleti d» AmbauadtTo-t, do rEarope^ del Ilci d'Byirfi, all Ibm 

(In £giKiri ,' dei Elrangera; de In Mtdiln-raiiie, less pretending, well «polien 
on, llei 3 U, from Ihfl hb, on the slope dI the lofty HUi. dea Haureii, 
bat not B'lfflcIenUy protected IVam the Hlstral (ses p. it}. It is matih 

nrteroB^ PorgHerallea, and Baffutau. Sums of them Bra turilH&d and in- 
liabited, but thay do not eujoy BO miJd a cNmate aa Byktet Itaeir, heini; 
more uposed to the wind. The peiiinsula i,l Otmj, which may be visited 


85 H. Leg Arei, whence a brancb-line runs to Dragvignan, 

93 M. riipia (Hdtet rfu jaidi), a small town with 3000 inhab., 
the ancient FontmJutii, faundod by Julius Ga>9ar, ooutains a 
uDmbec of Koman lemalns , an amphithcatTD , arohway I Porte 
Doriel , and aqueduct , none of which poaieoB much interest. 

101 M. SI. Raphiiel. delightfully aituited in a rartno on the 
coast At the small harbour nf this place Napoleon landed tn 
Out.i 1T99 , on hii return from Egypt. Hero , t«o, after bie abdi- 
cation , he embarfaeii for Elba , 2Blh April , l»t4. The line tia- 
versea a romautifl, rocky district , ofloaslonally affording oliarniing 
gllcopaea of the numeroDB bays of the coast. I'heu four tnnnela. 

123 M. CmuMI. — Hstala, upward! of flfly in number, of which 
lifli BtrtEL DI Gavtvi; Qiuhd Hotel de Cuinu (Ihe moat haodsom.'ly 

hi ynfjua (lowardi the Vf., rrequeoted by KD^iih vjillmv) : Baiu Stu, 

D'EBT«BiL^ nn ^aD>nE-ltnoDOn«I(. — In the interior of Iha town: HAtel 
PD NoKDi DS bA PolTi, Hne d'Anlibea. — In Ihe Cannet qautec; HdUL 

DO PlIUIHS; DB L-EOKoVb; U[I LUUVBB , oeat llUa WAlimi- — Vi^'fitt'^^- 

TJic cbwgH It LbE Pel 
hi)t«Hfr^lliiaio»>fr.andu.pwiira>. rr 
BDE*eementi ore a>H»lly mads tor I 
)br, Ihs rent IhId^ ISCO-aOOOrr. aad 

'""cifii. ^fi du JIUo, In Ibu Cu. 
Bonlovud de li l-lieo- 

afr. 30 ud Sfr. per bgur; 
whit \«ts. 

Bii(llih Ohnieh Ssniiic. Alii PriOiyltriitn Scivicr, 

Cannti, a BmaUbiit rapiiliy tnnresalngtovii with 12,000 inhab., 
plctureaqnt^Iy situated on the Golfe de In SapotiU, Eb indebted 10 
its slieltured eitnation for its rcputs ig a wintering-plRce for wn- 
sumpHvB and deliuato pcraoiiB, It la proteciled by the £i[frel Aft*. 
{see alKivB) from the ^. and N.W, winds. 

The Uirn mnBlsts of a main street, paTsUei with whluh, ilooR 
Ihu «OBB(, runs the BauUvard di la FUige , tertninaiing on the W. 
In the Court , a 'plaee' with promBnadeB and fonntains. The mmt 
sheltered Bttuation is the apace helween the N, side of the Krva 
and the v111a|;e of JvC Cannel. The W. end of thi> town is ohlnfly 
ocnnpied by English families [the Engliah Churah la altnated here}. 
The begt Frencih aoctety la also well represented. 

The old town lies at the foot of the Afont Chevalier , on wbish 
the pariah nhnrch rises, and from whieh the pier eloaing the 8.W. 
tide of the harbour extends. Fine view from the top. 

OppoBltB the Cap de la Croiiette , the promontory whioh saps- 
ntes the Qolfe de la Kapoule ftom the Golfe de Jouan , rise tho 
Ilet de Lltmi. On B/iintt Marguerite, the largest of these, Ii 
situated Fori Uonterey (poor inn), in which 'the man with ths 
iron mask' was kept In close coafinement from 1686 to 16QH.. and 
recently well Iiiiawn ag the priaon of Marshal Tlaiaine (from 26th 
Dee. 1873 to the night of 9th Aug. 1874 when he effected bia 
escape). The island commands a fine survey of Cannes and the 
coast. On the island of St. Hanorat rise the ruins of a IbrtUleA 
monastery and ohurah (boat there and bask 10-12fr.). 

, The Enviboms of Cannes are delightful, and stadded y 
numerous villas. On the Frtfjus road |_to the W.) is the (Mttim 
dei Touts, the property Of the Due de Vatlombrosa, with a beautiful 
*Qaiden, to which visitors are admitted. Another walk may be mw~ 
towards the E. to the Cap de la Croisette , where the Jardin d 
Beipfrldea, with its One orange plantations, is situated. A somewlnt 
more fatiguing excursion is to the Chapel of 81. Anloiru on the 
road to VaUaurif, which oommandu an admirable view. Visits m 
also be paid to Mougini, the monastery of St. Cnsnien, and the n 
of Sapoule. Tho activo pedoatriaii ahonlil "niXfe Wi ttic (oatv ni 
ofAariitau, and thenea to Mouiins, oiittieiaiX'Ba.'j ttiiatiawua* 

t'> Nirt. ANTIBES. I. Routt. 

to Onste, oc to firaiat itself. From Graase bd easy trip n 
made to Le Bar, oeai nlilcli 1b i\ie intercatiiig Ot/rge de CouTmet. 
The vegetation la luiurlant, but leman'treee are not uimiunn lif^re. 
OtangB-treeB are prinolpally eultivaleil for the sake of the blnaaonis, 
wMeh foraj *Q important article of nommerce. 

Beynnd Csnnes thu line pasaea Golft Jauin; a colnmn marks 
the spot wliere Napoli^an blvouaclcod on the nlgiit after Ilia arrival 
from Elba, Ist March, IHlii. 

128 M. AutlbM C/">teI de Fmnee) , the ancient AntipoUs . a 
eolony of the Mseailians , is nnw a aiuall , but bnsy seaport (^(iOOO 
inhsb.), beantifnily situated on a promontory, and RODimanding a 
nbsiming ilew of tha sea, the Bay of Nine, and the Alpes Ha- 
ritimes. A pier conatmiited by Vanhan rnnnettta It with aBvara! 
isUnda iii the Tlcirlily. I'be Qip d'Antibet [Hotel), 2V» M. from 
the town, ahoald be risited for the sake of the beautilnl Tiew 
wLkh it alTords. — This port n f the line traTerBea a remark- 
ably rich and attra e d s 1 aoon crosaea the Var (Vama; 
station], an impe db m nta a torrent, wbinh in modern, as 
Ttell aa andent lim s m d he boundary between Franee and 
lUly, nntil in ISbO N was d d to France, and the frontier 
removed farther to h E 

UU M. Siee, a p 10 F m Nine to (ffniin , see K. 14. 

2. From Paris (Geneva) to Turin by Mont Cenia. 

iabit. U,ii.w*r in aa-auVn hra. (faros lOUfr. 20, 74 ft, 3S, 51 tr. 300- 

From Varia to Mac'M (274 M.">, soe K. 1. The railway here 
quits the Lyona line and lunia to the left, croases the SaSne , and, 
at Stat. Poni-de-Veyle, tho Vtylt. In front and to the left a view 
of the Jura ia obtained. The next plaue of Importance is — 

2971/2 M. Boorg (H6UU de I'Eurojte, du Midi, dt Franetj, 
vrlth 14,1)00 inhab,, the aninent capital of Btesse, situated on the left 
bank of tbe Beytouiat, K/4 M. from the station. The churr.b of Noire 
Damt de Botug, erected in the 15th -17th cent., in a variety 
of Btylel , contains several pictures , sculpturei , and fine wood- 
Karving. On tho promenade Lo Bastion ia the 'Monumenl of 
Bichal {d. 1802), who oum studied at Bourg, by David d' Angers, 
llie bouse in wbleh Lalande (d. at Paris in 1S07) was born U 
indicated by a tablet with Inscription. — Bourg la the Junction 
nf the line to Lyons, Mouchard, Beaan^n, and MQlhausen, which 
ts the direct railway between Lyons and Straasburg (camp. p. 4), 

TUe cBtttiratHd °OhiinQi sT Bnn, In tbe fiorl' " " ' ' 
In IGll . 30 bf HaTKarcI uf Aiislrii, S^ e^nl of 1h<^ ) 
li/l K. from Ihe invtn. II aoolaiiu thu lunipluo 
foundreM, llie Duke "■■'"'— -' = ■-— ■- -- 

n'ln dilTi 

22 B™(, 3. CL'LOZ. 

317 M. Ainbtrien, » pIcoHril lltU 
■uteilkt Ihe biBf ofthcJuriLMtii., H ihi' |unctlnn 1 

The IrMti now enntlnu» U* «*rj>iii1 Ihi- v^llHyf llip Albirinv. 
Tn ihK li^ri l\f Ihe ruined csBlleg of Virtur-Mimt-Fimmd and fit. 
titrmiiin. Iteyund St. Simberl lie Joax the Tollty berameg wilder 
and mare ImpoBlng. The line quiu thp Alb&rliiH at stut. Tenm/, sod 
enceiB n seqaesteied valley to thn riglii, where La HSpiWit U 
Bitiiiled. Near Kosnilliyn are a Tew rrapmenta nf an (iii'ient strong- 
hold. Beyond a tnnnel , '/s M- '" '''"S^^'i the likea of ftipiHi ure 
oliBorved on the right. Beyond two bidaII statloiiB the train next 
reachea the valley nt the IChnne near — 

348 M. OUW [774 ft.; HBUl FoUiet; 'Bait. StitaUT.J, at the 
baae nf the ColombUr (5033 ft.), the junction of the IJeneva Hn«. 

Faoi.Qi.HKV*ioCuiJJi(41'^M.)r»Uw«Tiii l'/,.2i/>b"- ( S ft-, m 
en^., Ifr. Ue.}. Tke line foUowi the Hghl tonk of the Bhuoe, on tke 
alopc* uf the Jnra Utt. fiej-oad Gotlong^, tUe flflb plaliont Lhe Uhone dowfl 
Ibrbu^h a aarron rocky vaUey. umdued belweea the Jura and Momt 
Vtmacie, and (oinmandei by the J^^l d> rSrlue, which rises far above 
on the right. The tlBt quIU ib« deHLe by the long runnel da OrMn 
d'/i X.J, crouei lhe grand VaUaiiii Viadtut, and reachei (9Ui/iM.} Aal)iv<n4« 
(PoaU), at the mlTui of Ibe Valscrine Into tbs Ehonc (Freneli cnBbuq.- 
tarniM examinaUrin), Tbo laller bcTC rormii a Ipeiliu nf rapid, kDn*a «■ 
IhB Prrli da MBnr, where Ibe wiler la occaaionally Inal In vlnr. SM- 
lioni Pfranonl, Siniul, and OulDi, 

The train croaaea the Rhone, and at stat. CHStUCon ceaohea the 
Lne du BouTget (13 M. in length, I'/jM. in breadth], the E. bank 
of wtiinh it fuilona. Several tunnels and Due views. 

363 M. Aix-lM-Baini |;}^50ft.; *Onmd HStel d'Aix , •F'ouit,- 
*H6Ul de ('Europe; 'Guilland tt dt la PoiU, lesB eipensivB; and 
many others], the Atptae AUohTOffitm or Aquat GTaliimot of the 
Romans , la a oelebrated watering-place with 4400 inbab. (8000 
viallorB to the baths annually), poaseaaltig sulphur-springs (113" 
Fahr.~), adapted for inteln&l and external use. The large new 
Etablitttmtnt Thermal, with baths and pump-room, deserves In- 
spection. In the jilaee in ftoM Of it rlsea a Roman triumphal arch 
of the 3rd or 4th cent. ; the other acanty relics of the Roman period 
(fragmentB of a temple and of baths) are almost all within the pre- 
iiinctB of private property and not eiiBity accessible. — Pleasant ex- 
cursion l>y steamboat to 'Hautc-Combe, a Giatereian .4libey on tbe 
N.W. bank of tho Lac du Bourgei. The church contaliia a number 
of handsome monnmentB erected to Princes of Savoy. 

The line quits the lake and traverses the broad valley of the 
Laiaie; to the left the beautifully wooded aiopes of the Jlfont d'Axt 
and the Dent de MvoUt (002& ft.]. 

370 .M. Chambiry (88.S ft. ; Hdtel de Frarw-e ; mttl dfs ft-incM; 
HStel de tn Fiiiji) ia the capital nf the Department of Savoy, witli 
18,500 inhab., and an archiepi««ipal see. A aqnare tower and 
ibmnanta of the fafsde of the old palaftc nf tho Hwto* n( Smov, 
amited in 1230, still eiist. On the tiomuftaAe \* iVo Mqi<.ihmm. 

to Turin. MODANE. 

of Gtnernl de Boignt {i. ]»30], mloniad with llfe--8iiB llgnrW*™ 

The lino trivelsag s plrtuieBqiie dialrint , passing tha ruined 
Raatles of Mtie and Cliignm. — 377 M. Lu MareliCi ie tlia jnnc- 
tion for tlie braiich-Uae to Grenoble , nhich untBTS the valley nf 
the /fire (oc Valley of Graiiltiaudan) to the right. From Uronohle 
to MiiBeilleB by railway tn 13 h«. 

380 M. Uoatm/Uim. The ancient pmHh, of whlnh sranty frag- 
lusntB now alone exist, wss-long the bulwark of Savoy against 
FraDce. The train nroaaeB the Isftre. — 385 M. St. Bern d'At- 
blgny; the town liea opposite on the right banli, oouimanded by 
the roioB of the Chateau at Mlol^nn. Near (388 M.) Chamouuel 
the line turos tn the right , and Iraversea the valley of the Are 
(VallfeiU Mauriemte), whirh here joinE the Isiiie. Beyond (39i\ M.) 
AiyuebtlU, whinh is grandly sitnated , Che Am is crossed (In the 
vicinity, on tha left bank, the extensive Iron mines of St. George 
dti HuTliiray Betwaen Etatioiia Epierrt and Ln tlhnntbre the train 
passes through a tunnel. 

413 M. St. Jean de Miatriefmt. — 421 M. Si- Mithtl (2330 ft.). 
The train crosses the Arc several times. Numerous tunnels (nine 
between .'^t. Mlcbel and Modaue). — 437 M. La Prat {.tl37 ft.> 

431 M. HodBne (3468 ft. ; mtet International i Rail. Ralnu- 
nmf, dear, D. 4'/j fr.) \t the seat of the French and Italian cuatom- 
houiie aulhoritlet (change caiiUges). 

The train (best view on the right) deecribps a wide curve round 
the village, and passing throngh two short tunnels, enters, beyotid 
the sniall village sf foufncnui, the great 'Hont Cenis Tunnel, hy 
whiBh the Cot de Frfjui (8338 ft.) is penetrated in a S.K. Ai- 

Tbe Innnel (8 M. in lenglhi H. enlrancc 3802 tl,, S, tntran-f. 1163 0. 


in lenglhi H, enl 




a Iho eni 
WB< bep 


■lB8t and ^ 


in t 


The ingen 


k«d b; cum 



mployed on 

36 R. 

n. tiigta 

and all 

BOM sntiraly 


ems plac 

A at int 

rviJ. o( 500 

, Tbo 1 

liu 17 H. lu tbe E. of U 
priawlr sailed after tbe mc 
abunt in M. tcum Uodane. 

At the 8. end of the tunnel ia {443 M.) sUt. Bairfin«jf^v.\.n. 
(4127 ft.). Two tunnels. 8ut. Hwulord. ■^iea.i «.Vi..'MA'iV>«S\i*.>j, 
the Roman Villa Marlii-, Ihu Vine entew il^vb -.!».«) "^'* '?"X,;^ 
Jfjwrm. (A road to the H.W. \ea4aVen™ \n Cmo-m** '* j 

height. 99 n. in widib, u<i aan. 

24 IteuU 2. SI S 

flaenee of the Dora and kipi . aiid iivcr the Mont 1 
Ftenoli fortfeaa of Briimfan un die Uurinoe ; Oomp. p. 66-5 

Tbo train trftversi'S tbe picturexiiie vailny of thu Don. Be- 
yond a bridge uiil two tunacis , we reach stat. Satierlrand (3302 
n.]. TLe riTeragaiii ia crosBinl. BL-fnre the iiKititationfChianHuite), 
nine luniiela are trsverseil. To the loft, between the lecDnd uid 
third, a gUmpBe 1b obuined of the amall town of ExUUt vith the 
frontier fnitreaa of that iiamu ; farther on, a fine waterfall. — 4fi3H. 
Ckhmontc, or Chaamont (2i)26 ft.), Thon a uumher of tannel* 
and aqnudnnls. The vatiey noDtraotii and fonna a wild KOrge (Le 
GorjiieJ , of wliieh beantiful views are obtained, with the Mont Ce- 
nia ruad winding up the hill On the farther lidp , and the Kooh«- 
ineloii, RocibB-Mlohel, etc. lowering sliovo it. When tha valley ex- 
pajids , Susa with the arch of Aiigustiia oomca in alght on the left 
(see below). — 4561/2 M. SUimf, { lUd t%.) , I M. from Sue*, llM 
3'24 ft. higher than the latter. Three tnniiela. The train then 
deacenda through beautiful cbeatnut woods , and nroeaea the Dott. 
462 M. BuMOleno. 

A ahurl braach-line runa hence ku Raw (ilSSb fl.t laitl dt Amuic 
Soltil), a small and ancieat (own, the Kumao Sti/H, 
rtgbt bank of Iba "-- ■ - - - - — ■ ■ 
n^IriiiDipha] Arch 
with pngaclIoB Coi 
the frieze, orcclcd according 1o Iba Inscriplioa in A.Ii. S. Tinn mn 
alao a few other Roman rcDci. The rhuntb of S. Oinito dai«i tkKU 
tbe Ilth century. On Ibe uppuiiile bank of Ihe Dun liKa Ibe (art £■ 
BnmtlU, which was deslruy^d by Uie French in ITMJ. 

Next atattana Borgrme (where the Dora la crousd), 8. Atilo- 
nino , Condove , and 5. Amhrogio , high above whioh , on a ntkf 
eminence to the right, rUea the abbey of iS. Midiilt delta Chhaa, Or 
La Sagra , remarkable fbr a peculiar property nf its tombs wfalA 
DDnvert dead bodies into natural mammieE. At aCat. Aaii^liawi &o 
valley eipanda into a broad plain. Htationa Roiitn, Atfiffnana, 

4il6 M. Turin, ace p. Q4. 

3. From JlCaiti^y to Arona on the Lago Haggiore 
(and Milan) over tlie Simplon. 

ISaVi if- a*iLW*i from Martigny lo (18 M.) Uricp: In 2'iT^ hrB rfarea 
ai^. 40, 6[f. 2U, 4fT. TOc). DiudKNCB trum Brie^ over Ibe Simplou 
to Donn d'OMiilB (40 H.J once daily In B^/i br9. ((fare 16 fr, 96, Gaup« 
iUfr. from Homo d'Oiaul* to Arona &&•/, MJ :ace dally In H hn. 
(fnte Bfr. Kb, siinp^ 14fr. 75c.). — Twu-nussE Cauuaub from Krieg In 
tlie Lago Uaggiure CBa.eno, SlrMa, Paliania) atwul IfiOfr. and BratuUr 
IrolurnnjarriagcB cheaper). The night la ujually apenl al Dome d'0«ola. 

Hartigny (1B58 ft. ; 'HSiel Cltrc ; HSlel de In Tour ; "Grandt- 
Mnuon-FoHe; 'Hotel du Mont Blanc, moderate |, i» a busy little 
town in suinuier, being the Btirting-pDlnC of Che GtuB.t 8t. Bernard 
dad Chamouny routes. 

BRIEQ. 3. Route, 'i- i 

B RiiLWAV runs in u atraiglit direction past the Baths u/' 

n to Biddee, wheru the Rhoiii! is uioKBitd. 

1Qi/gU. Sion, Oer. fiiUm (_170»n. ; Toatei du «i'li), "iih 

4895 inhsb., the capital of tlte Canton du VatnU, h«a an iniportBTit 

appearance in the distaniie wUh the piiitoTosqne castles of I'oiir- 

EiiUon, Majoria, ani3 Kuieriu towering above it. 

2QVs M, Sierra, Ger. Sidsra (ITlio ft. ; HStd. TltUetme; Poile), 
pi rtiireaquely, si dialed on a hill. . — Beyond Sierre a toiiiiel Is 

27 M. SalgcKh, French Satqucnat. The rueks have been 
blasted in BBveral pla<ies for the canltructiou or the railwaj. The 
train paaacB through two short tunnels, and ciobibh (he Rhone. 

301/a M. Leuk'Suaim, Jr't. Lovtelit-Souite [WU it.; Hotel rie 
la Souate), station for the BaVii nf LcvJe. The important looking 
old village of Leak, with its casCla and towers, lies high on the 
opposite slope. — 331/3 M. Turtman, Fr. TourtanngiK (.2080 ft.], 
at the mouth of the Turtinan Vallay. — 35 M. GampU. — 38Va M. 
Boron, Fr. Ktirogne, at the month o( the Bietschthal. — The line 
rrosses the Vitp. which has covered a great part of the valley with 

43 M. TiapachorViap, Fr. Vikge (;31i)5ft.; *Fost; •Sonne; 
'BaUntfiy Rcfttmrant') , picturesquoly situated at the entrance to 
the Visp Valley, at the head of which rises the snow-clad Balfrin 
(_13,1T4 ft.). Beyond Vispach the line again appraechea the Rhone. 

48 M. BriBg, Fr. Brigut (_2aUft.; •HStel de, Couronnfs «! 
Posle, R.3'/a, D. ^yib.;'AngUttTTe, D.4fr.), a well-built little 
town , with a chjiteau with four towers. The railway terminates 

The SiMfLoN RouTH, properly no called, which bagina here, ( 
was constructed by order of Napoleon in 1800-160U, and was the . 
Unt oarriagu-TDad acrosa the Alps from Switzerland to Ualy, and, 1 
after the Brenner, the tint great route across the Alps. In cnn- 
struction it is less imposing than the Splugen. bnt its scenery is 
murli dner. The road quits the valley of the Rhona at Brieg, and, 
aSBenda In numerous windings. 

% M. BiTisal (r>00l! ft.), the Third Refuge (;*Hfital de la Poste, ( 
R. 2 fr.). Above the Fourth Refnge (^o&lB ft.) a retrnapeol is . 
obtained in clear weather of the Bernese Alps (.to thu N.), from I 
which the huge Aletach Glacier descends. The part of tile road , 
between the Fifth Rcfiige (63!J8 (t.) and the culminating point 
is the most dangerous during the period nf avalanches and storms. 
The road passes through the KnUvauter Glacier GaUery ^6460 ft.), 
over which the stream issuing Team the glacier Is prtclpitated Into I 
the depths below, tonoing a waterfall which is visible tlwavj^t- 
side opening. The road then pasaas ttvioM^lsio a-Swst ^"Kw*™*- 
Krom the ,Siith Rpfugn (fialO It.'^ & s¥\eftW.i ^■tvsS.-'w™ ^'t.X^'l 
of the Berneae Alps ; far belOTJ in tfec RVone N v*B,-i *«» '■■^ *- 

2B RMlr 3. SIMPLON, From .W-(r(I( 

Tlix Simploa Fui {&!im ft.) U G M. fro 

3/4 M. boyand the Bummlt Is Ihe llotpiee (do payment demisdwl 
for hnipitoJity , but tiatellars should oDntiibutc it least as mueb 
tfi the pnor-box as tli«y Trnuld have paiil at an hotdl) , a spaftinns 
buildiQi; foundKil by Napuleoa . but Dot completed ttll 1825. A 
broad, open vaUny, bounded by anow-capped hel);hts and glaclerg, 
form* Iho htgheat portion of tha Paal. The impoein; Raut Glncitr 
\% a nonaptuunaa objoet on the niDunlains tn the S. ; to the E. riua 
the Monlt Uanr. (11,096 ft.). The Old Hotpici, a tofty square 
Citwer now tenanted by herdamon, [lea far beloff the new road. 

20l/« M. Simplon, Qec. Simpeln, 1U1. 8tmpime{^iSb^ It. ; 'Poilt, 
K. atidA.'Zfr. ; 'HOttl Flettehhom). The road nov deaoribea ■ long 
nurve to the S., trhiob pedfBttiaug may uutnlThy a rough path regain- 
ing thn road at the Altmhi/ tiattery, where the most interesting part 
of the Simplon mate begins. It leads through the 'Saviiu of Uondo, 
one of the wildest and grandest in tliu Alps, beooming narrowar 
and more profound at every step, until ila amantii and predipltouB 
walls of miea-slate cajmpletoly aTerlinnf[ the road , below which 
rnsbes the impetnons DKcrin, The most remarkable of the nut- 
tings by which the road penetrates the roeks is the flaiUry of 
Qendo, a tunnel 245 yds. in length, oonstruetod by Napoleon in 
1B05 and fortifled by the Swiss in 1830. At the end of the tunnel 
the fyenaimrne (or Atpienhach) fyiiBB a One waterfall, whii^fa is crOM' 
ed by a slender bridge. On both sldiia the roeka tower to a dizzy 
height of 2000rt. The dark entranee of the tunnel forms a striking 
nontraat to the white faam of the falling torrent. This iDaguiauent 
"Alpine Scene , especially when viewed at a distance of 40-50 
paces, surpasses the Via Mala. ^''on<io (2818 ft.) is the last SvIm 
village ; t/s M. beyond it Is the Italian boundary-column. S. Morto, 
</4 M. farther, is the first Italian irillage. 

•B M. laeUa (2175 ft.^ Po-,la\ Is the aeat of the Italian 
onstom-houBe. The valley, although now leas wild, continues to b« 
extremely picturesque. It unites with the broad and fertile valley 
of the Tasa (or Tocc) at the bridge of Cnvnla, 100 ft. In height, 
hciow which it is called the Val d'Oesola. The characteristiei of 
the scenery are thorODghly Italian. 

40 M. Domo d'OlloIa (1000 ft. ; Orand HStel de la VtUt a 
PniM, high charges; H8tel d'Etpagne, B. 3, L. a/4, A. 3/4fr. One- 
horse carr. to Bavenn 2u, to Brleg 60 fr. ; dlilgeDCB twice daily bl 
Pallsn/s on Lago Maggiore, 6fr.), a smalt town with 3300 Inhsb., 
bt^antifiilly etCualed. Near (4 M.J ViUa, the Anlrona Valley opena 
on the right; then [3 M.) Pullanctno, and (3 M.) Maimte, opposite 
which opens the Anauea Valley. The Tosa la crossed. 

48 M. Vogogna CCorona, unpretending), a small town, »t 
the base Of prenipitOBs rooke. The next villageB are {i'/i M.) Pre- 
moallo, Cuifjyo , and [4'/n M.) Wiytondnne , where the Tosa is 
erossed by a Bve-arehed Btone bridge. 

7 Arfnn. BATENO. 3. Koitl 

W) M. Omnvaasa [Italia ; Ctona lUanca). Tlio marbln-f 

ill the ™iuity yieldert the material of which the callieiirgl of lit- 
Ian ifl ItDfit. To the S. a road leads through the. valley of the 
Strona, whiuh falla into the Tosa mar Gnmclhma, to CIrta (p. 160). 
~ Near Feriiilo, the next village, situated in a mast luxuriant dig- 
ttiet, noveied with olife-grovea , maiie-lleldB , vlnoyard*, ehrst- 
nots, and flg-treeB, the niad paeaea an eiteiiaive granite qnarry, 
where the i-olomne of the restored Baaillm 8, Paolo Fnori le Mura 
miar Roma were hewn, and soon reaches the S-W. hank of Lugo 
Mngyiore ( R. 22], fron) which in the distanne rises thu Isnla Madr«, 
the most N. of the tlorromeaii Islands. 

(12 M. Baveno (•JJe/ieuue; 'BcawRhngt; Slmpim) ts a 
Steamboat ststinn, but not a post-station, so that a seat in thn dlU- 
gr>n(Mi is not always proeurable. Travellers from the Simplon 
iisnally visit the.Horramean Islands IVom this point [eomp. p. 155>. 
(Jneen Vintoria reaided at the Villa Clara h<^re from 31»t Matoh 
to 23rd April, 1R79. The road, moat of whirh rests on luttressf* 
of granite and solid masonry , skirts the lake and leads by Streea 
(p. Iflfl), JitlfilTiiU, Lesa, aliii Meino, to — 

7Gi/j M. Xrona, see p. 157. Railway to Jtfifnn, sw p. if*; to 
Genoa, see p. IM; to Turin by Novara, see p. loB and R. 10. 

4. From Lacenie to Bellinzona and Lngaoo orer 
the St. Ootthard. 

126 11. Stbauoat ln,a. Lucerne lo FJadon rasd hack) 0-1 limen dsily 
ina'/i-2'/i b". (faruj 4fr., afr, iBc), — Frfim Fliiclon to niasca UUtlonl 
DiLiucHUK Ibree Hmfa rlilly <n ranimer. and onco In winlec, in i3'/, 1ic>. 
mfr. IGc. EOup^ aSfi. Ue.1. Tba attflreoon dlltpenRC trum FIriirleD 
B nleht at Andansatt. — Hauwav iSi. GoUhard Line) bum 


Lugiiiio, to wkieh lbs SwIh Diijoil.._„ 

iiuDa sntil Uie eomulatlDn of the Kuale Oeurtt tunnul {i'/, kra.; tut 
4fr. EOc, conp^ 6fr. lUc). Bailwai Ffoiii Lugano to Coiuo and HUan, 

ufflea of LueoruB (where ooiipS-plaoea are muiit euUy aaeured), or nn 
boara the ileamboal. Travellers are eanllonud agaiiut tonrardlng (heir 
lum;aKeBtroailhafroiiller(oninn. Introd. vii.). — Bsiaji-PoBT (fom nilelBU 
lo Kiasca, wilb two bonci tfaU. lOc. with three honea 1l2rt. DOc. 
with four bflnei aTSfr. SOe. 

The Ciaauca Tiairr of Ihc Csntoo lr\, which the driven an avt lo 
dliinigard, Hies the foUUHing cksnies: utrrlage and pair lo Alrulo lOOfr., 
tn Paldo latlfr., lu Blajca IflOfr., mat ■ fae, Apjlfeatlon for a Mfriase 

Sard ngtiliiiit eiturllouale danianda, eapeeially on the Ilallan aide. Tti« 
ivert are pruhibited frum chsngine bursas. Tbe nigbl is usuaU)- spent 

St. Oatthard Railway. Tbe 81. Oatlhard Hue. eommenced in lS7a. will 
conilat of Iba Zvcenie, Fiaeti*, Alnla, BilUiionn, and £iieiin>ii , Ike BrlUn- 
uma, L«ga«o, and Oxao, aod tbe JIMiniosa, j^'agadini , »<^ ?^»a ^^^^ 
The great 81. OBltlinrd Timntl In 8iJ, W. in \™«->i ift.*- -SW"'^ ^il£%i 
longer than Ike Hool Cenia Taunet), oHen«mft ttom °*"^";J"i«*^ -* 
lie X. side (u Alrolo Ip. 31) on VVie B. »W«. 'SVi» '^^"^"I^S. 


•BtLiNcts, on Ihc Eeun 

LuttTtM, (b« oLplMl of the rjjiton afthit name, irith 14,500 
inhab., ib Bitudted >t tliu ellux of tho Bcuii froni the Ltka of 
Lnverne. The view from Ihe SelnBeltrrkaf-Quaf is atHkiofl; 
beautiful. Th<i oelebrated 'Lion nf Ltuwrnc, desliciiRil by Thor- 
YBldBHK, to the N., OutBide the WagslB Gate and 1/4 M. rmm the 
Hehweizechof, anil the new ilvrum in Ibx tmvti-hall are the 
priTidpal attrar.tiiJiiB in t)ii- tiMTn. Wnlks and oxcursiotis, shh Bat- 
deker't StnltMrlond. 

ThelAka of Lvoeme (_1433 ft.), 01 Lalu of the Four Forat- 
Vanloai (vis. Uri, Schwyz, JJuterwaldon, Lnueme), U unsurpuMid 
In Switieclsnd, and perhaps in Europe, In the beauty tnd magnt- 
fieenee of its scenery. It is nearly cruclfona In Bhipe ,- length (ram 
Lnoerae la Fliielen 27 M., gienteBt width about 3 M. 

The Sthahboatb start from the railway station and toueb Hi 
the Schweizerbof Qnay, on the opposite bank , before their AdbI 
departuie. Strikingly picturesque retrospent of the town , BB the 
quay Is qnitted. Aa the vi'ssel prooeeds, the Higi on the left, Pila- 
tuB on the right, and the Hiirgenatonk and Stanser Horn opposite 
the traveller are the most oonspiBuous niountainfl. To the left of 
PUatUB, thu Majestic Bernise Alps [Sohreokhorner, Moneh, Elgcr, 
Jungfrau^ gradually become visible. 

& view Is aoon obtained of the Lake of Kaimaskl to the left, 
and of the Alpnnektr See to the right. The Bteamei soon reiohM 
(on fbe \Btt) Wagplt, in a Very fertile dlstrifit, at the foot of the Bi(rf 
(5906 ft.). The next vUlage ia Vitmau, the teruiinua of the Kigf. 
. railway (see Baedeker'e Stoifan-iundT). 

Two promontoridB, aptly termed the Nnsm (noaeg) , the one ■ 
spnT of the liigi , the other of the Burgenstook , here extend tu 
Into the lake and appear to terminate it. The bay towards the W. 
beyond this atratt takes the name nf thu Lalct of Buaelu, from Ihe 
village of Buochf on thn right, above whinh rise the BuncAier Horn 
(5934 ft.) and Slanicr Horn (6231 ft.). 

I'o the right Beckenried. Then, on the opposite bank, Omtm 
(•flotel Milllor). 

To the 111. rise the bald snmmits nf the two Mythen (Ii244 ft. and 
5954 ft.) , at the base of which , 3 M. inland , lies the Eniall town 
of Sehayi. To the right , Treib. Opposite , on the E. bonk of tlw 
lake, at the mouth of the Uuollii, is aitnalod £runn«n(*WsldBtittW 
Hof; •Adler); on the hill *Ktirhmn Aienittin and Hdt. AxenftU. 

Near Bruniien begins the S. arm of the lake , called the Znltc 

of Vri, the grandest part of the lake , with mountains rising bI- 

moat perpendicularly on both sides. At the slmrj an^le which here 

L abuts aa tbn take, n'sea the A)q/tlienalein, a piraroW ol mt,'*, "^ ^. 

riX'EI.KN. 4. Roatt. 


^^^^^^bt, bnnriii^ nil iiismption In honour of Ki'.hilli 
f htth«T on, at the base of the Seelisbeig, Ill's the Biilli , a meBdoir, 
memorable as the spot trhuce, as the story goes, on the night at 
7th Nov., 1307, the first Swlia loagiie (betnean Url, Scbwy*, 
find llntorwaWen) w»b solemnly coniiluiied. A. little beyond It, on 
the opposite bank, risea the itxenAciv [3353 ft.) , at the base of 
which npaU^B the Chapel of Tell imld rock and wood. It staiida on 
the TelU-PtaHe , a ludge of rook on thu inargiu oF the lake, nhere 
Tell is wid tn have aprung ont or Gewler's boat when overtaken 
by s Btoim. Above it rune the 'Axcnalrane, a highly pliitureBijuB 
TOad, leading ^m Brunnen to FIfielen , heirn In many plnoes 
through thu solid ror.k. 

27 M. (from LncBrQB) FIfielen, Ital. flora (^Vmerhaf, D. 4 ft.; 
Fluelerhofi Adttr; 'Kreui) ie beautifully situated at the S, end of 
the Lake of Locerne, at the mnutU of the fieucs. 

28i/iM. Altorffl46eft. i 'Adhr (a Poit, R.lti.; *Schliaiei: 
iotce), the capital (;5700 inhsb.) of tha cunton of Uri, rebuilt sfter 
a deatnictiie Are lu 1799, la the plane where Tell is said to have 
aimed hie arrow at the apple nn Ms eon's head. 

The road orOBsea tlie impetnous BBhSdmnbnch, and at the STIaa, 
opposite Entfeld, approaches the ReusB. To the left rise the KUIne 
WindgelU ox Sewellstock (9846 ft.) and the Groin WindgelU or 
Kalkstoek (10,463 ft,> Towards Eilintn , which lies to the right 
of the road, a line view of the Brhterutoch (10,089 ft.) is obtained. 

371/2 M. AmateK (175S ft. ; Stem or Poll ; Kreus ; HlfMh) lies 
plctuceiquely at the foot of the Briatenstouk and at the month of 
the Maderaner Thai. 

The St. Oowhaed Uodtr , properly so called , begins at the 
new bridge over theBeass a little beyoudAmaleg. It wasoonstnlct- 
od In 1820-33 by the cantons of Url and TIciuo. The suenery sur- 
paaaRB that of the other great Alpine routea. The road at flrat 
gradnally asnendB on the left hank of the Renas, which flows in its 
deep channel far below. Beyond InUchi (2168 ft.), a village I'/j M. 
from Anisteg, a fall of the Intaehlulpbaeh is passed. The road nent 
crOBsea the rapid Meienbar.h. 

45 M. Wum (2779 ft. ; VKtel df Alpei ; * Oehi ; * ITranc) is 
plotureaquely situated on a height. To the right of the IteuEB bridge 
is a beautiful fall of the Rohrback, near Waltlngen. We now eroBS 
the fifth bridge, the 'SohonlbrHoke' (3212 ft,). To (lie W, ot(2Va 
M.) GtKhenen (3488 ft. ; •HStel GesehEnen; Koasli), 2'/i M. from 
Wasen , opens the valley of the Oeifhenen-Reuti, terminated by 
the ^aud Dammafim. 

Abont 1 M. beyond Oescbonon, below the Vordere, or HSderti 
Brucke, is the N. entranne to the great St. QoUhard IVniulCs. 
'27), to which visitors are not aduiitteA. ttwE^KifiaH. ■iVft '^-■^'^ '™ 
rocky deflle of the •SelioWenen. (In ■bo* *\.i«». -tSw. '"'■5: "^^^^^ 
poipendJonlar walla of granite , i\. I^t \iaw- «^ -<rti>-™^ 


\ liuiiiu. Thu ruiil winds upwiri! 
brrii|;eB. PeiUbItUhb m»y cut oil iuqM of thn curves by the i 
briillu-patii. This p»rt of (ho roaii is mmih eipoged to uv ' 
slid U carried past (ho most dsugiscous spot by t, gillecy ti 
81) yds, iu litngth. 

Thu nisTil'i Bridge [Aim ft. |. iu ihu 
dewUtloii , is iiuw runnliRd I'i'jt M. from UeaahiiueiO- The Reuu 
here farms a beautif')! fall, about 100 ft. in lioigbt, tbe sprsj of 
whlcb bedews the bridge nbove. Thu old moBs-'grawn bridge below 
1b diBUBed. Ill 1799 thta sput wsa the Bcene of Uncoe struggle* 
belweeu Che l^'reuuh and Auatrlaris, aud a luoiitb lafair betweeM 
the Proa ah and Kiisalans. 

Immtidiaitely beyond the bridge the road paeaCB through Ills 
t/mcr Loeh, a tunnel TO yda. long, out through the sotid rock in 
1707. but not acceBBiblo to carriages uutil it was r'niarged when tbe 
uew road was conatructud. The Volley of Uraem , which the road 
outers beyond the tuunel, Ibrma a Btiihing nonlraal W the bleftk 
region just traverBed. This peauaful dale , watered by the Ruuas, 
and aurroiiuded by lofty and partially luow-clad uioiintalna , was 
probably a lake before the Iteuss had furoed a paesage through tbe 

52VaM. Aadarniatt, orUrBarn, Hal. OrsCTu(^i738 ft.; 'Bellt- 
vue; 'St. OoUhard i *Vrei Himigt i 'Oberalp; mtel-fennion finger; 
Krone), I'/g U. from the Devil's Bridge, is the principal village Id 
the valley. The Oboralp route to the valley of the Vorder-Kbeiu 
and Coire, divergee here to the left. 

04V.J M. Uospeathal (4800 ft. ; •Moyrrhof ; •Lo«e), derives lis 
name from a former hospice. ThE' Furua toad to llualp and the 
Uhone Qlsuier diverges here to thn right. 

The St. Qotthard road now ascends in nunieruus wludiiigs 
through a desolate valley , on tbu left bank of that braii<;h at tbe 
Reusa which descends from the Lake of Lucendro (6831 ft. ; not 
visibtB from the road), aud crosses the river for tbe last time by 
the Rodont Bridge, I'/t M. from the summit of the Fou ol St. 
Qotthald (6U30 ft.]. It then leads betwepn several small lakes 
and traverses a dreary valley , enclosed by the barren peaks of the 
St. Gutthard group. 

62V2 M. Alberi/o del S. OoUnrdo ((}8(i7 ft.), 1/, M. beyond the 
pasa, a large, gloomy Italian inn j opposite la the 'fidfel <Ju ^rml 
/Vtwi (post and telegraph station J, adjoining which is the Hoapiee 
for poor travellers. Ptdeutriaua may desi:end (o Aliolo In 2 bn. 
Snow often lies on the pass throughout the summer. 

About l/^ M. below the hoapiee the road crosses that bianah 
of the Tieino, wbiuh flows from the Lagn di Sella on the E. (pM 
visible from the road). Near the Ist llefuge, Cunloniera S. Aiv 
tonin, the toad enters the Vul JVcmola, a dreary valley U/i M- 
-/o/(fr. iulo wiicii avalanches are £reii\iaivt\"j ^lei^^'Aa'.BivaiNjrfBi. 

AIROLO, J. Routt. 


Royond tLo lliiiil Vuntonkru di Val 
tenslTB 'Viow of the gtopti nallcy o! the Ti«iuo i ValU Leoentina) 
down to QiilntD is obUiiii<;<l. To tliu right optns thu Vai ficifrcUu, 
from which the W. arm »f the Tlciii" JeBoenda. 

70 M. Airolo, Ger. KrUla t3«eH ft. i *Ptigta ; 'B&tel Airolo), 
the flrat Tillage where ICbIUii is apirkeil , in gieit part rebuilt 
■ftei a faa in 1877. On the left opens tha Val Vanarin. the 
road enters the Strelto di Stalvedro , a duflle which in 1799 «ss 
defended by 600 [''ceneh against. 3000 RuaEiiiiB , and p&Bses by 
means of ronk-bewii galleriea ihrough fnur par&llel ridges which 
desoeud to the Tlalno. On the right bank , 1 M. bebw the ravine, 
Is the beautiful waterfall of the Calcaceia. 

We next pass Fiottti, Ambri, Fleaao; M. farther, beyond the 
poorlnnofDaiioOrande (3110 ft.), theniouthof a speojid 'Raviuo 
is reached. The Ticino has hero fotci-d a paasago through the 
MofiU Piomno, and pcoolplcates itself in a EuaiieBsian of *CaIaraGtB 
thnntgh the gloomy ravine into which the road descends I'.lose to 
the falU. To the right, near Faido, where the Culture nf the Vino 
bFgins, is a beautiful fall of the Pitimogna. 

Bl M. rtXao (^^OBft.; *Angtlo; 'Prince of Walt>; HSlel 
Vttla), a vUlsge of thoroughly Italian uharaoter, la the eapital of 
the I«aoeBl(iKi. Beautiful scenery, with nQmeroua campanill in 
the ItelUn stylo peeping most picturesquely from the surmiinding 
heights. Caarades on both sides of the road ; that of the 'Oribiatea 
leMmbles a veil in form. Huge masses of rock He scattered atwut, 
Intenperaed with flne chestnut-tree a. Luxuriant vines, chestnuts, 
walnuts, mulberrlea, and ll^'ticfa now rcuilnd the traveller of hia 
pmiimity to 'Iho garden of the earth, fair Italy'. Thu vines ex- 
tend their dense foliage over wooden trellia-work supported by 
atone plU»t», 6-10 ft. in height. Where the road desoendB io wind- 
ings to the bottom of the valley, the Ticino forma another beau- 
tifnl fUl, spanned by a bridge over which the road passes. Beyond 
Qiomieo (1325 ft. ; Cervo ; Corona] la another picturesque water- 
fall on the right, called L<i Oumoaino. 

91 M. Bodlo (1086 ft,; Poata; AquHa). Beyond PnOefigia 
C97Bn.) the Val BUgna opens to the left. The valley of the Ticino 
now Bipanda and takes the name of Hioiero, or rivcr-vallny. Fre- 
quent Inundations render the district unhealthy. 

94 M. Biaaoa fmicldelaOare; * Grand USUI Binacn, fnioTMi, 
in the village; Hallway neiUiarantJ, it at present the terminus of 
the St. Gotthard line. The atation Ilea 1 M. to the B. of the village. 
i leads henoB to tha Felrunelta Ckaptl, which 
ooni mauds a Hue view. 

The RiiLWAY moH Biasca to Bi!l.i,it'iiuK& anu Luc&iind 

'etaes the very hot and dusty valley ui (.Vo 'VSeK.ft'i ft»«iVi*M. 
baae of the richly cultivated E, B\o?rB al IVb Hiouvvwrax*. — v^Xt^ 
Onvna (966 ft. J, at the foot ol in abiofiV wvi totM V»\«*- 

32 ft.tife J BKLLINZONA 

trtsciuiiD, on the lefl, are sevoral plutuniBqao w*tei 

Clan>(_iOi.7 U.\ M the foot of the mouMUiii ufthal n 

with Ihs mouAstery Of 5. MaHa on tbe hill-lide. — id M. Uu- 

lione; on tho left, fwlher on, opens iho ("oj Mtiorm (^llerntidino 

route, pp. 37, 3S), when<'« deacendi Iha Mai>a, which 1b rriMsed 

hy the railway. 

12*/, M. (lOei/s (rem Lticemel aBUinEoii& (777 ft. ; *PoiU et 
Pttulon 8ui»e; HStet dt la VilU; 'Am/elo, modarate; RaiUniif 
Bettaarant), the eaplUI of tho. eanton of Tlciiio, with 2600 In- 
hab., pioaentR a strikingly plodireaqne appearance when viewed 
fram a distance, liut the oharin la dispulled when the town !■ 

Tbs Ibrae pictunaqae CAituu were uBse the rstAdenDe of the tnUiffil 
of ths lline ancient confederate canlniu. Tbe largeel, the CoiKllr) Orarndt, 
im an iaolBltd bill \o tbe W., belonged t') Uri; of ibe other two, low»rt* 
tbeE., tbe lunar, It Caiuth di Mtae, hsIiinBed to Gchwyi, and tin 
CatUUt a)fiario ur CnrM llfiOS ft.), As uppEr. now a ruin, to UntMS 
walden. Tbe Castelln Orande la now lued ai an aneDal and nriauBi 
visitor! an admlttod to the eoorl and gardeni to see llie beauKfia Tlmr 
(Rte to the guide). Another admirable iiuint ii tbe toftily sUnaled pU- 

The lower valley of the Tidno forma a vldu plain, enelosed by 
lofty moonuina. U'/a M. Oiuiinsoo; IT'/j M. Cadtnuao. The 
high-road to Lugano ascends t« the left {seebelow']; the road iu 
a straight dlTeRtloD leads to MaKadlno { p. 153). — The train oroMe* 
the Tidno bnyond Cugniucri. 21Va M. Oordoia. It next oroaaea 
the VmoKji, which dashes forth from a gorge on the right, and, 
further on, skirts the Lago Maggtore. — 2ai/l H. (llS'/i ^- '">"> 
Lucerne] Loonio, aae p. 153. 

The High Road i^oh Bbllinkona to Ldoanci leaves the valley 
01 the Tielno nest Cadenaiia (see above), and winds npwards for 
4ViM, among chestnut and walnnt-treea on the slopps of Jlfonte 
CenSre (see below), oommanding a snccpssioii ot'Viewsof Belliniona 
and the Tidno Valley, the inflai of the Ticiiio into the Lago Mag- 
gioce , tbe N. end of that lake , and Lonamo. On the summit of 
the pass (1814 ft.) attnds the Oattrla Nuova (inn). Tbe lOul 
then deaoeads tbrough the fertile valley of tbe Legnnna to — 

10 M. BirSnioo (1420 ft.), where the Legnana unites with the 
Vedtggio. a stream coming from Mte. Camoghe ; the combined rfvel 
is called the Agno. 

The MmU Camoghi 0308 tlj, wblch may be aaeended [fom BclllninHB 
iirBironlco tD6-Thrs., commindiia magnlSuEpt •View of the broad plat* Bl 
Lnnitiardy, tbe la ties, and Ibe Alps. ThcBummil u! Slonle Cmcri fSTTI iLl, 
reaebed by an easy nacent from tbe riiileria Nuova in 2 hrs,, also eoid- 

Bcyond Bironlflo the sGoniry of the .*giio valley is pioturosqiio 

and the soil fertile; the double- pealiPil .Mte, Camogbfi is kept ma- 

st^ntly on the left. 88/4 M. Tnveme Superiori; '/**!. 'Taotnu 

. JY-^riari; 2'^ if. f aiiwnpino ; 1 M . Vciiu t'''^«~" '^'""^ '^'^'' ^va*. 


COIRE. fl. Route. 

ot Madonna ill S. Murtliio). As we destonrt lis Miiaaagao t 
(U/j M.) Lugano, ilie b^^fliity ami furllliiy of the wiiiiilry innrBMCi 
The hUl und ehrlna ot Monte S. Sabmtijn &rat beoome visible ; 
lakD , in tlie clear gceen water nf which the bcnutlful Diit- 
lineB of the inoiintiiin* are rfflaetB '. The toad pisaea aeveral hanel- 
tmif! rilUs and snon rsachea thj town with its Uat-niofiKl hot 
On the high groiind to the right lies the atnlion. 
19 M. Lugano (_U33 ft.), see p. 148. 

5, From Coire to Colico over tlie Splogen. 

TC/i N. IliLioKSCB fVom CoItd 'o Colicn Iwloe dsilf !n nummi 
\t'l^ hn. (uoupi! aifr. OOe., inlflrior Mfr. Bq.|. Estha Post frnm 
to ColieO with imj hnr»t 160 fr. 10 c, with thrta buraes 230 

Odin, Oht. CAur, Ital. Csfra |_193() ft. ; »Sleinbock, 
thatownj 'Lubmanier, dhbf the stalloD ; 'Stem,- Botbtr I£iBe, near 
the post-ofBco; Sonne), situated on the Pleamr, I'/iM. from its 
eonflnonto with the Khine, is the eapital of the Canton of the Gri- 
uns, nr GrsubGntlen , with ToOO inhib., and >n epismpal resi- 
dence. Within the 'EpUeaptil Court', which is anrroundcd b; walls 
■lid riaea above the town, are the Calhtdral of St. LtuitM, the 
oldust part o( which U said to date from the 8th DonC. (ehoic l'20a. 
naTa«inBi)ct»tediQ 1282), the raedi«v»l EpiicopnlPnlace [^•piSMgB 
in the Dppei Door of whieh ia decorated with a Dance of Death 
BEtrlbed to Holbein t), and a few Roman Teraiins. 

The Dlligenoe Road from Coire ascends the broad valley of 
the Khine. Tbe scenery is nniiitereating aa (ar as Keicheniu. On 
the opposilo bank of the river , at the baan of the Calaadii, lion the 
village of t'ebberff, which was partly deatrayed by a landslip in 
18o0. The road passea through the thriving village of Emt, ucai 
the tulits of the old castle of HohaUTiu, ini i^mees the Rhine by a 
tomporary bridge erected in tbe place of an older one burned down 
in 1S80, before reaching — 

6 M. Seiohenan (IBSG ft. \ *AdUr), a group of haiisi^e at tfau 
confluencv oC .the Vordtr and Hiattr-khein. The chateau of M. 
deplane* afforded refuge In 1794 to Lonis Philippe, then Duka 
of Chaitces. 

A second covered woodon bridge croasaa the Vordtr - Bhem, 
immediately before its coiiBneaoe with the Uinter-Khein. Through 
the valley of the Vorder'Khfiin t post-road, not croasing this bridge, 
but branching oB to the right , on the left bank of the Vorder- 
llhein , leads to Diient'u and Andnrmall (p. 30). The road BOon 
aacendti fbra short distance, and pasees the vtllagea a! BottadM and 
Rhamni. The Bondvichg ValUy, Romansch Damgiatca, whioh wb 
follow aa far as Thusia, on the right (E.) hank af «w4. "Wsiot,*. >^^*- 
W. Bide of which ia called flelTOMriiberg, at MtvK^mjtwvl,'*-^™**'^ 
tor la ftrlility and its numerous r.wfto*. ft™** "^ ■''** '*^^*»^ 
lUKumum. IiKiy 1. fnb aau. 


34 Routt 5. THU8IS. From Coirt 

quite Romaaaob, others Germu); aame lae ItocoBn Catholic, otheia 

Between the Bridge of fiol&oilirunnen o,Dd KaUit are the cietlitB 
of Jutiafta, Orlaultin, Patpeli^ Canova, Bittberg, and PuTttenoa 
on the right, and that of Hcalla on the left bank. Towjinia Kat^t 
(2185 tt.) the soenery la partinularly Hne. To the S. riaea the 
anovr-nUd aumiiiit ot the Pit Cvrvtr (9760 ft.); heyand thti , to 
the left, Ilea the Schyn Paa, t*ith the majeatie PU SI. Miahel 
(10,371 ft.) In the btckgrniind -, tn the N. the Kingeiipilt (10,6D9 
ft.) and the TriiueThoTn (9934 ft.). Near Tbu<iU, abo<u the vil- 
lage of Maitin, liaes the castle of Tagtteln. 

IB M. Thuiia, Romansch Tuiaun (244« ft.; *Vla Mala; 
*Adler or Poal; *H6Ul imd Fention Bhaelia), Ilea at the nonflueiiRe 
of the KhitiG and the NoUa , the turbid water of which tinges tlte 
Bhlne fbc a oanBideiable diatance. IntereatinH view from the bridge 
over the NolU. In the background of the valley toweia the barren 
Ha Beverin (9843 ft.). 

Beyond Thaals the valley of the Rhine 1« apparently terminated 
by lofty mouiitalua. The entrance of the ravine of the ithine la 
guarded on the right bank by the rained castle of Hohen-ShStitn, 
or Hoek-Bealt. Prior to 1822 the bridle-path from ThusU aanendeil 
the valley of the Nolla on the right bank throngh forest , and en- 
tared the gorge below RongtUm (aea belDir). The path through the 
gorge, the celebrated Tia Hala, was then only i ft. wide, and 
followed the left bank. The new read was cODBtrucled in 1822. 
The limestone-rock a rise almost perpendicularly on both aides to a 
height of 1600 ft. At the Kantii, a little way from the entrance 
of the ravine, there is a line retrospect. About I'/.j M. from 
Thuais ta the Veriarne Loeh, a tunnel dO yds. long, penetrating 
the projecting rook. Before reauhing it the road paases bcneatfa 
a huge overhanging cliff. At the point, beyond the tunnel, where 
the aide-wall ceases and the wooden railings recommence, a view of 
the brawling torrent is obtained. The retrospective *View, thcongh 
the narrow and gloomy doUle, of the solitary tower of Uohen-Kba- 
tien and the sunny slopes of the Ueinzenbeig beyond ia very striking. 

Near the (3/* M.) poat-liouae of RonyeUen the gorge expands, 
but soon again contracts. The road crosses the river three times at 
short intervals. The scene is moat imposing in the vicinity of the 
•Sboond BaiBQB (2844ft.), built in 1738, 1 M. from Rongellon. The 
Rhine, 260 ft. below the road, winds through a ravine so narrow 
that the pieniplcea above-almost meet. At the third bridge, built 
in 1834, about 1 M. farther, the Via Mala ends. 

The road now enters the more open Valley of Schrnns , the 
green meadows and cheerful cottages of which preSDnt a pleaa- 
snt contrast to the sombre deiile Just quitted. To the S. In (he 
background are the puaks of the Hirii (9373 ft. J. Above the old 
btiilge the Rhine forms a small waterfaU, T\«> ftial. vvaatu Vm l.\sa 


to OoUm. AtntBEB. 

TiUcy nf Sohanis (6 M. [ram Thnsis] U zmU , fiolbiii^' 
(30B1 ft. ; PoaO, with the oldest cTiutcTi in the valley. On the 
hUl la the right, on the left bank of the Rhine, stands the ruined 
castle of fordtin, or La Turr. I'arther down is the villaga olDonat, 
above which lowers the Pi; Beverin. 

231/9 M' AndMT (3212 ft. ; *£rone, or BSM FVavi) la the 
prinnlpal village in the valley, with 6D0 liihabltinta. Near It aCanda 
the toweT of CatteUaleek. Fine view of the vsUey from the church, 
built in 1673. 

The road sacende in windings , pasaes the rains of the Baren- 
burg , and enters the 'Rofftia Bftvine , a gorge ii M, in length, in 
which the Khiiie forms a sortos of waterfalls. Near the entrance 
the Aventr Rhein descends from the Farera Valley and joins the 

Towards the end of the gorge, an ancient bridge crosses the 
Rhine. Farther on , a rocky gateway (Stiita Ftana), 16 yds. in 
length, is paBsed. The open Alpine landacape of the Rheinwald- 
Ikal (ValEbein) la now discloaedi tn the right is the village Of 
Smeri (46T3ft.); opposite rise the Piaio VcceUo (_8911 ft.J and 
the Smikini [9650 ft.}; to the left of the Splugen, near the Uc- 
oello, la the TamioAom [10,748 ft.l ; to the W . the Zapp(»r{ Wn 
(9803 ftO, etc. 

32'lt M. Splflgen, Boman. Spiuga [47&T ft. \ *S3Ul Hodmhaus 
or Po«t)i ^^^ capital of the Rheinwaldthal, is a buay place, Owing to 
ItE position at the Junction ofthe SplDgen and Bernardino routes. 
The latter (p. 37) here runs to the W. The Splugen route luraa 
to the left, croaaeB the Rhine, and aaoenda in windings , pasBtng 
through a tunnel 03 yds. in length. Retrospect of the barren Katk- 
bcrg rising above Splugen. The road then enters a bleak valley 
and ascends on the W. side by numberless zigzags, paasing a soli- 
tacy Refnge, to the Hommit of the Bplfigen Fau {Coimo dtW Ono ; 
6946 ft.), lying between the precipitous Tamboh'im, or Sehnee- 
hom (10,748 ft.) to the W., and the Surtttahom (9925 ft.) to 
the E. This narraw ridge forms the boundary between Swltxer- 
laiid and Italy. The pass, which vaa known to the Romans, was 
traversed down to 1818 by a bridle-path only. The road was 0011- 
struoted by the Austrian govemuieut in 1819-21. About ^/f M. 
beyond the pass is the Dogana [6247 ft.), the Italian custom- 
house, at the head of a bleak valley surrounded by lofty mountains. 

The road now descends by numberteBs slgsaga along the E. 
slope, being protected against avalanohes by three long galleries. 
Beyond the aeoond gallery a beautiful view is obtained of iioCa and 
the old road, destroyed by an Inttudatlon in 1834. The new road 
avoids the dangerous Lira gorge between Isola and Campo Dolcino. 
Beyond Piannato, near the entrance to a short ^^W.ern,'**-^'***? 
forms B maglilHcent watertaH , iViomI IWi tt.. \». V«^**- ."•■*' 
best flnrveyed from a Bmall p^aUoinv ■\)-j V'ae to».4.-**«- 

36 RouU a. WIIAVESNA. 

^0 M. Contpo Doloino [3iiil ft.) coiidiAU of two Urge p ^ 
nf houses. Tho Hrat coiitsitis tlii' oliordi. siirroiiiidod by aah-trtfeli, 
kiid thf 'Cumpn Santo'. At the a«Oond, >/; H. farther, la thu Oroet 
iOn Irm (^moder*!*). The tiro VaUty it strewii whieh fnpnents 
nf ruuk., but thp- wildness d( the Bcene is toftenRd b; thn laxiirliut 
fblUge of the chentnnta lewei down, fmm vhtoh ri«ea tbe slender 
white csmpmiile of the nhnrch of Madama tU QaUinoggio. Nor 
S. OiacSmo there are whole forents of chestnuts, whloh extend br 
up the steep mouiilain Blopea. The vineyBtds of C)ili.*enn* soon 
bogtn, snd the rieli luiurUnee of ItalUn vegeUtion unfalda itself 
to the view. 

581/2 M. Chiavennn, Oer. CUfm or anriin (1090 ft. ; 'HSM 
CMfadi, near the post-oMco, It. 3, D. B, S. iil/i, B. I'^'r'i Chiaire 
d'Ora), the Romiii Claveana, an ancient town with 1100 Inhab., ]b 
obarminglf situated on the Maim, at the month of the Vol Bngoj^ta, 
through which the road to the MUoJa Pssa and the Engtdine leada. 
Opposite the poBt-oOee, on the road, are the extensile ruins'Of a 
nastls, Formerly the property of the Dt SnUt family, Plctnresqne 
ilew from the castle-garden or 'paradiao' (fee '/a^Oi '''i^b eitenda 
along an isolated vine-clad rock. — 8. LorciaD, the principal ehurofa, 
near the post-ofllne, has an elegant slender Bluok-tower or campa- 
nile, rising from the old Campo Santo, or biirisl-groonil, with Its ar- 
oidea. The BattliUrio oontalns an aneient fbnt adorned with reliefs. 

The nfad to Coltco at first treTeraea vineyards; farther on , the 
effects of the inundstiona of the Maim, and its tributary the Llro, 
which Jolna it below Chisvenna, become apparent. Near — 

65 M. Biva the road roachea the Lngu di Rica, or di Menola, 
-which, before the iionstrnction of the road, 1:ravellera wuru Dblieed 
to nroaa by boat. This piene or water originally fbrmod the N. bay 
of the Lake of Como , bnt tbo deposits of the Adda have Id the 
course of sgea almoat entirely aeparated the two lakes , and they 
are iiow ooniiected by a narrow chatinel only. The roed skirts the 
E. bank of the lake, in some places supported by embaiikmenta and 
masonry, In others passing through galleries, and oroaaps the Adda, 
The ruins of the caatle of Ftuntee, erected by the Spaniards in 
1603, and deatroyed by the French in 1796, are now seen on the 
right. It was formerly attuated on an lalaiid, and considered the 
key of the Val TeUlna. Before reaching Colivo the road Is Joined 
by thfi Stfilvio route from the left. 

751/2 M.CoUoof 722 ft.; lioUi BtUa, Angtlo, both in the Italian 
style ; BistoTatore delta FoaUi, on the lake], is situated at the N.R. 
extremity of the Lake of Como (K. 20). From Colica to Como, aab 
pp. 139-144. 

to Collco. PIlMTERRnElN. 6. Routt. ^H 

From Criirr to BiaHCK by tba Inkmajiier. ^^ 

7(: li ■ i.iv dally In iahri.; rare 27 fr. M6c. 

t'r. <>. . •.•■uau, aev u. 33. Tho raid, ime of the 

nioi-i I'i' ' ' M.i. ucrnds tL« valley of llie Vorier-tfrtu, 

lols art !■,[.. -L J. A' i:; ,, .'i j Tiim rises the ruined ciiiiDo of H'lhenlrtiu. 

iS It, F!,mi (JililOfl.), n imall and «nui™t (nwn, — Tha iilnisiOnB Hi 
WoMftaiiMi-- i M. farihEr, are IB Ere»t reunflit In ■muniEr, — At SdaeaU 
l-SOltt.] ta tbe chaican nf L/U^hwn. 

901/t «. Ilam rffi56 ft 
at Ihs month of Ibg LDgDoin vaiiey. 
traKnidiiv, t>re l!ie rolni of JSre 

oummanfla one of Ihe flneat vIqwb in luo y»>.i:,. 

83 H. *■.•»« (38aft.); Ztmi Tfidt). — Al SBMflx tho valley of 

/to/: 'mut Vrmdmn, tur FoU; 
«n Willi a UcncdUtliM Abbey, 
", or miM-ia>i», and Ibe Vot- 

tho valley of tbef.irmm, whOo 

Qi-l in ISTB) oro 
i[ii><'l-t!Lein, an< 

H ■L-.i.ln}d,»iidni 

i\'h SI. Ouraglia (l.TOIfl,; A-/), nl Hid cnlrnntr: In Ibe Fal «QfM. 
— 16 M. iHalM 14528(1.. I'oil). .■iivsral lianilel) are oamcd. — W/j II. 
FrriiiiMTlitama.l, > eroo]! ofhovelii, at llio moulti of tbe Vai n-tilaiUHa. 

plscu in Ihe face of llio rnok. TbB road ii^vi >. 

OUTtn* (292Ttt.; 'S6ul Bolla], the biehoat vllltse is tbe fi 
alaretqucly iHualed. — The road daaeends on Ibe led tiank i 
J, puain^ numerous viUigcs. TIib lower part of tbe V») Blegji 

From Ooiie to Belliiuonn by tta.a B. Bsnuudino PniB. 

70 11.^ 


Coiye u> 

aily in n 


are t^han 

Bed .. 

8 pi 11 son.' VI 





Prom 1 

Kin U 



sue pp. 33^. 

rhe Bh* 

BoAD. oon> 



rom Ihe viUag 

Spllt^eo (4751 R.J 

n 111 

•er Rici 

,nt Fat BhciB 

Ihu left 1 

Mk of 

tbe Hlfittr-nkrla 

Tbe aoume 


rrhalB (53uan.i PtiH, ibe hlKbuil 

Ula«n In IAi« 


pnHbBd the b"'?*^' •' >'"' period in Iliii re^im, ■ elwpia wu emii*! 
on tha S. tlupe inj gsie lu name In ttio pu>. The imtll Loao Uobota 
Q hn. from lllnleF-Blielii) II» ud Ibc luraiuil nC the nu> (Inn). From 
ma 8. loid ef tbe like Liium IIh Vom, irhicih the roi^f'-llowt dan to 
lla cunflijcnee vlth Ihe Tlclau abuvc DeninianR, Tbe new rcwil dqaoend* 
In Buueruua wlndln«>, cruasing luw«r dciwn tu lbs ri«bl buk ol Uu 

l9'/i K. B. Bamudino |KI3fin.i •Aolil Bnteo, BaHuai DiiUfami,\, 
4 H. bom IhB jtummlt of Ibc JiMs, Ibrj bighe.1 vUlage In Ibe Vol Maaect, 
01 Umicioa. 6r»eriJ wilerfalls ire obn^vcd. Nnr a. Glaeomu (beroad 

GSU. K«»eoo, or CWnwo (a%9fl. t Tatcani; • Batefftmiil, a Bbu'iBliig- 
ly allDnted villtei, wbcre walnul-lrcea, ohslnuU, ilnei. und nulls' 
Bildi begin to loAlciitis Ibe UMta Mtarc of Ibe cllinaU. On ■ tockr 
emtoeDce Id tbe left of Ibe fowl. '/> H. below Heauecn, aUnd Iha la- 

lelliuyed br Ibe inbBbiUnIa uf Ibe Orli»n> in 1516. Barripd (2 UJ 
Saaia (SOSTh.) (be bcKlnin uT tbe villey li resohod. tnj Ihe rood boeonaa 
lerel. Kenr the Booond bridge below SoaiiLa Ibe Buffnti^ra furmi a flu 
OHcade ueu the rnad. ITeiir Catbiala It another waterfBll. 

8B M. Oama (1260ft.). Tbe nenl vtlluea tie Ingaia and Oi'uu, Uu 
UUer at Ihe entnnce tii (he Yal Caianca. 

! Cratti •AfiBiiti, the eupilal ul Ih* 

dbIIh with tbe St. aoltbB 
Hoeaa and Ibe Tidno llei 
tween Ibe Hllaitese uid lA 

6. From Inzubmck to Veroaa by tbe Brenner. 

let'/iH. Rakw^t In 9>/i-I2 bn.i exureti farei lb D. HI, U a. Blkr.i 
ordinary 13 B. 32, B 11. 99, 6 a. 66 kr. (lhei>e arc the ttrss, in «ilv<>r, la 
which [> sdAed a (rifling stanp duly, and, If they are paid in paper, Ihe 
dUTerence Id itlue belneen silver and paper). Vlcwi on the nghl at far 

The Bbbsjiie, Ihe luwesl pau over the prineipal ehain of Iho Alps, ii 
IraseniBd by Ihe oldeil oC the Aliilna roalen, which wai used al eailr u 
Ibe KomBj] period} and rendered practicable for carriages in 17T2. Thd 

large and a number oC smaller bridgca. The grealeat Incline, 1,10, 1» 
between [nnsbrnek aoi Ibe cu1mlD.illng paint. 

luubmok (1912 ft.; 'Tiroler Hof; •EuropSfsefier Hof, both 
near the etation ; *Qoldtne Sonne, 'Ootdcner AdUr, in tUo town ; 
*HiTKh, leflond-claasT , see Baedtka'i Kallem Alps. The train 
piises the Abbey of WUtai [on the right) and penetrates the hill 
of /let by 1 tunnel 750 yda. In length. It then passes through an- 
other tunnel, and crosses to the right bank of the Sill, on whlrh it 
ascenas. On the 8. rises the WaldraiiteTSpltze [8907 ft.). Flvs 
tunnels. Beyond (5 M.J Poised [SSaOft.'^, rtie ^alie^ tKoooiaa 
aarrownr Slid ■wilder. Four more tunnels, T!\iBft\\\\awiiaw.4V«Niwi. 


M.SttmoA I 

12 U. Malrei (S'Ul n.\ with the chateau 
erty of Prlnoe Atieraperg, is charmingly altnsted. — 14 M. 
(3430 ft.) i **>« 'illage lies on the othpr side of the yaUey, at the 
month of the OiichnU%thiil. ■^~ The trsln now sBcends > steep Inalins, 
CTOsae* the SrhmtrJier Thai In » wide curve stove the viUiga oi* 
Stafflafh (two tonnels), snd rnns high above the profound ruloo 
ortbeSmw{i9'liM.)Oritt(il00tt.'). It then, In another cnrfe, 
ptatieA the imall green Brentttriee, Btid reaohea — 

23 M. St«t. Brnmer (4485 ft.), on the sninmlt of (he pssi, the 
watershed between the Blarb Sea. and the AdTlitlo. View limited. 
Tho Sill, whloh riaea on the N. side of the pias, falls Into the Inn ; 
the El/iaek, rialng on the B. side, deacenda to the Adlge. The train 
follows the course of the Kisack and aoon atopa at C2ti M. ) Brenncr- 
bad (4^3 ft. ; *Logirhans), a small balh-eatabllshment. It then 
desnends rapidly by meatia of a long embankment and through two 
tunnels to stat. ScheiUbCTg [4065 ft.), where it turns into the 
Pflerieli-Thal. Here It enters the N. slope of the Talley by a curved 
tunnel, 800 yds. long, from which It emerges In the opposite direc- 
tion, soon reaching (33 M.^ Ootiauius (3481 ft.; ■Branhana'), 
which lies 584 ft. below Schelleberg. This fs one of the most In- 
teresting parte of the line , and la moat striking when aeen In the 
reieise direction. — The train now rims high above the Eiaaak, 
passing at places throagh wild rocky soenery , and enters the brosd 
baain In which lies — 

361/gM. Bteriing (3107 ft. ; 'Poitj'Suhwantr Adltr; •Boit; 
StoeiUr'a Hotel, at the station), a clean and pictureaqne little town 
with curioua old buildings and arcades, deriving Its prosperity from 
mines formerly worked here. 

The train now crosses the PpUchcr liach; on the left ilsea the 
castle at SpreehauUin , and on tho right bank of the Klascic, the 
ruins of Thumbttrg and Eeifenslein are vlaible. — 40'/j M. 
Frtimftld. The train crosses the Elsaok ; on the left bank rises the 
rained castle of Wdfenittin (said to be of Itomsn origin), and the 
village of Miaili. — Beyond (46 M.) Qteaitein the train enters the 
narrow detile of Miatreald, where the French were defeated in 
1809. ^ 

The lower end of the dellle, called the Brixtner Klauit, near 
fnKrriu (2460 ft.), is strongly fortUted by the PranienifBita, 
which was cflnslruoled in i8.'}3, and commands the Brenner route. 
Franienafaste (471/a M. from Innsbruck) Is the Junction for the 
Puatortbnl line (for Carlnthia); the sUtion i^Rail. Satavrant, 
D. 1 n. 20 kr.) lies at some distance from the fortiUcallona. The 
vftgetation now asaiimos a more southern charairter, vlneyaids and 
chestnuts gradually appearing. 

54V?M.Briien,llal. Brraiiiwfi«(^l63afe.-,*WBvWc*,-»^'tfS«^« 
the poBi-ofllco, '/j M. from Can aXa^aiiV ■*"* ^Qt xA^ft ta«wMV*^ 
oa^ilat of a spiritual ptlnolpalU^, nValv -"« «us«Vi«*-^* 

411 Rimlt G. IIOTZKN. FrM„ I, 

aliil in still all tipi»i»))iftl ii'tideucu. Most oC tht rhurulx^ 

tlie mth neat., siid >ic iiiilmporttDt. At tbu S.W. end of llie torn) 

Is the Epitcopal Falai^ with an (ixtrnalvo gnrdeu. 

The train next crcB»s the Kidiet by ■ lofty iron brldgie; on 
the right, above, Ilea I'lrAudci; on the loft, the pleaaaiit Tillage of 

6I7, M.Klftii>eli(iei6rt.; *Lamm:P<ul),camiHint;or»ala]^e 
narrow street, U situiteil in ■ dellle, ss iU nimo imparts. The 
Bi^Dedlctina monastery of Stbtn, on the ri^ht, rannnianiis 1 very 
striking view. It wbb once a Ithxtlan fortress , then > Roman fait 
under Ihn name of Sablr-nn, atterwsrde an epiacopal rosidenee dowu 
to the 10th oent., >nd dually 4 bsronltl cattle. 

Below Klaiisen the valley contracts. The lino skirts preclpitotu 
-porphyry olifTs. Un the heights above extend fertile pUlns, 
sprinkled with nuiuproiia vmages. 641/s M. Waidirudt (1520 ft.) 
Sonne), at the mouth of the OrSdauT Tbid. On the left, Mgb 
above, rises the Troitburg, the properly of Count Wolkenstein. 

Th« train crosses the GrSdunerbsch, and then the Rlaack in j, 
narrow valley enclosed by abmpt porphyry rocks , called the JITim- 
ttrneeg after the first oointnietor of the road, — 69'/! M. Ataoaatg 
(1244 ft. I Tostl , at the mouth of the Faulerbafh. SevenI tun- 
nels. 74 M. Blutmu, at the mouth of the Tierier Thai. On the 
right bank ire the vine-olad slopes of the Botener Lcibirh; anotiier 
tunnel is passed through, and the train emSBea to the right bank 
of the Eisack near the village of A'anfoun, at the opening of th« 
Eggenthal. Tho train now enters the wide basin of Botzen, a district 
of luioriant fertility, reBembling a vast vineyard. 

78 M. BoteM-, or Booen, Ital. Boitmo (850 ft.; *Kaittt~ 
krone, in the Musterplat^, R. from 80 kr., *S6ttl VictOTia, near the 
Btation; Mrmdtcktbii Enhtnog Heinrtrk; KrStilncT; 5«Auaner 
Onif), with 9400 inhab., the moat important ooranierofal town in 
the Tyrol , is beautifully situated at the cojillnence of the EisaA 
and the Talfer, which deaoenits from tho fiamtfuif on the N. Tfce 
hsokgroand towards tho E. Is formed by the Gtrikingiy pictnreaque 
dolomite moantaius of the Val di Fissa; to the W. rises the iHg 
porphyry ridge of the Mendola. The Gothic Pnrltk Vkunh of ths 
14th and 15th cent, has a W. Portal, with two lions of red mnrble. 
In the Lombard atyle. Beautiful open tower, oompleted in 1&19. 
On the E. side is the new Cemetery. — The falvarienbtrg (26 
min. walk; beyond the Eieack bridgu nross the railway to the right') 
cammandB a fine view of the town and environs. — Griri (1 M, f^m 
the itition) , in a aholtered BitoatioD on the right bank of the Tal- 
fer , has of late years become a winter-reaort for invalids (sovetal 
large hotels). 

Beyond Botzen the train croasea the Eisank, wMoh falls into the 
Ettck (or Adige') 4 M. below the tovin. The latter bauooiRB uavii^bla 
al(SD'Af.).Snmtoll (Itil. Bronwllo). In tUo a\a\.a.tiCB, u>&6^(^tA., 

lo Vtmn,!. TRENT, 

riflOB tlie dilapidaleil flaatle q( SigmtmiUlcTon, »iid the wwdiid H 
of the Miltelbcrg, whkli sepawtes the vine-TOTari'd plain of Ep 
from the voUfl/oflhe Adige. Beyond [88. M3vluer(ltBl. Orn), t 
Omvnd, the train OToasus the river ; to the right lies the Kaiterer 
Set; above it, on the hill, Kaltem, with ita ramous vlneyardB. — 
92 M. Xainiarkt, Ital. Egna. Roads to the Flcim Berth al diverge at 
Auer and Neumarkt. On tlia Eloppg to the right He t1ie villages ot 
Tfoinin, AurtotMft. and Uarynid. — 97 M. SaUtm on the left 
bank of the river, GOrainandei) by a rained castle on an apparently 
Iniocesalble rock. — The Bocelieaa Paii to the right leads lo the 
Val di Non. Mato Tedaco and Mesio Lombarda (or Dtvtsch and 
WSlidt-Meti), Bitualed on dlffBrent aides of tho pass, auparsti'd by 
the None, ate both Italian. 

102 M. S. Mii^ele, or Wabrh-Michael , ^ib a haiidaome old 
Aiiguatiniaii monastery (^Biippreased) , la the station for thn Val 
dl Noil. The train again oroeaea the Adige. 107 M. Liiait on the 
Aolilo, which hero descends from the Val Ccmbra. This impotnona 
torrent mCh its dtlTeri^iie ramtfieatioua is crossed above its Juuclion 
with the Adlga by a bridge 1000 yds. in length. 

113 M, Trent. — •HOti.i, Tsktiio (I'l. a), K. Ifl. ao, A. SB, L. flOkr.: 
.a (PI. 

— ,d). DC 11 

i£ theatre. ^ Cafen; ifNropa,- Sp«ochl\ 
if F. Oermari, Lhe poatmaiUir: wltli 
Do< liorae <o ArDD, Sfl., Willi two horaea li, wlih three, auil.i tu Kiia 
9, IB, or 321) ' 

TVent (OSS n.'), ot Trtnlo, Lat. Tridmiwn, wltli 17,000 Inliab., 
formerly the wealthiest »nd ino'st important town In the Tyrol, 
founded acnording to tradition by the Ktrnscana, and mentioned by 
Strabo , Pliny, and Ptolemy, possesses nunieious towers, palaues of 
marhle, dilapidated castles, and broad streets, and bears the im- 
press of an important Italian town. The Piatsa del Duomo in par- 
licular presents a very Imposing appearance. 

The 'Cathtdrat, founded in 1048, begun in its present form in 
1212, and Mmpteted at the beginning of the 16th cent., la a 
Uomanesque church surmoiiiited by two domes. The portal, aa at 
Botieii, Is adorned with a pair of lions Lp. 40). In the 8. transept 
are several old monuments , half-faded frescoes , and on the wall 
the porphyry tombstone of the Venetian gaiiotal Sanaoveiino, 
whom tile citizens of Trent defeated and killed at Galliano (p. 44) 
ill 1487. In the PUi^ia of the nsthedrsl, which la embelliahed with 
a Ftmntain, are the Courti of Juitiee, and the Torn rfl Piaaa. 

S. Maria Moj/giBre, where the celebrated OonnoH of Trent sal 
in 1545-63 , contains a pioture , on thi^ N. vrall of the choir, with 
portraits of the members of the eoundl, and an ei.uell.'i'?*. wwb.v> 
dating from 1634. Adjoining the 8. A4e ot Oie Aw'" S.* ». w*™-'^'' 
dedleatPd to the Virgin , eieclea in \?&& W ftie WfWo. inroS^"™ 
o/ffiamecfingof the Council, 

1. bj; Vir. 




- C«rrto„ 



Route 6. 


Th Muitum ill ll e Munifip o. Via LtTgH, nef 

contains a rallei'tlon o( bro tea and other antiquities ft 
KgfptUn antiquiticB msjoHris tapaneae rurlodttea, t 

To the F of thp t"wn an-) N. of the Utp; Plazia d'Aimt, ■ 
stl at 1 tl r I I" f Kiinn I'oruigllo, formerly tha « 

of t I I << iii)w a bamek, whlsb 6 

Temains of ancient freBOOes. The cDloiaal, circular Tom di 
is suppDsed to date from the time of the Itomana. 

Among the numeioua old palaces, the painted facades of wMidi 
ill cdtiecal the poverty within, may he muntioned Palajno ZambtlU, 
opposite the H6C«1 Kuropa, dating from the 16th cent. (Itne view 
ttom the garden^, and PaUatta Taliarelli, In the Contrada del Toatn), 
eaid to have been bailt from designs by Bramante, 

The Tocby emtnenoe of Vcrruon, or Dot Trmto, on the cieht 
hank of the Adigo, was forClAod In 1857, and affords a fine point 
o( view [permission from the commandant nBoeBsaryl. The terrace 
Of the Capuchin Charch on the E. side of the town abn commands 
J good riew. 

H Trsst TU ElVl Ol 

lit. ^^^H 

by tiikiog Ihe i»Uw«y u &r u it.l. Jfori (p. 44), Adil dHvlng thooee Id 
(IdU.) flim (lee p. fSl). 

TLe road crogsee Ibe Adige, IrnTsnen tho lubncb n4 rf( CruUIlo, Hnd 
wlnda [ognd lb« S. slopa of lbs Uos Trento <p. U). A wUd and rocky 
denis (Bueco di Fxla; li> non enleied , the upper End of whicb (3 H.) ia 
closed by a newly oreelod tori. Tr»v(raine Ihe bleak monnUIn ridge, 
tbe road reaches (H/g H.) the noBll Tiltafie of C^tui <1TI& H.)i Ul Uis 
rieht In tbe vaJIey li«i ibe YlUagii of TirlagB vllb lU aaull lake (1330 It], 
>.[ Ihe l»>p or l)iB nrpcipllons irmie Oaiia IS91G n.). The road now ie- 
- ~ - ■ "" jTamiBO f (Voce, wilh garden, 

I. 30, B. 42kr.i Sleds}, the principal place belween 
>n:>.> uu Arc.i. Al UVi H.J /'a<l<n»oi», al UiE mouth of Ihe Vai 

becomeB visible. The road croiufea the uarroweBi pari of it by a brid^, 

e«quB cutle of TMUos,' the pruper^ of Count Wolke'rutein (Ihe cagtfl- 
lan keepn good wine). Below (9 U.) Lt Bareht (tnn napretending but 

r (li^ IL) Dr>i iB till 

bridge. Hem (!■/. 

. _ __ _ C'ojleilo * JJrsM c 

, which ban bithorUi led tbmiigh s 

roeky wilderBcM, 

(300 n. i 'Gi.rtoMl, with 80 roome. 'pension' 2i/rB fl. ; 'Conma : "BM. Onucl, i 
UUtn 1 Pantna Sin/Utsiier), wlih a bsudeonie parlBh-ehuroh wlib melal- 
clad domes, hai af lale become ft favonrite winter reiiuTt Cor invalid), 
awlBg ti< Its aheltered ilUiallon. Sew ehttean belonging to Archduke 
Albraehl of Aiutrli. To Ibe H., on a precipitoua rock (400 fl.|, rlma the 

atroyed by Ibo 'French (key kept by the gardener, Via degll ITlivi a] 
Culelloi 40-&0krJ. — talereitiai excunlnn from Aran tnwardj! (hs W. 
10 Turn, ane p. 163, — The road now ](m4s Ihroogh the bni4d, beantlful 
TaUey (to Ibe left the Jfonti Brima, to tbe tight Ttimu} Id l3>/i K.] Siea. 
(comp. p. 181). 

FitoM Tkirt to Basbino ht niE Vil Sdoaica, 5T H. DIllgenCD Ihree 

"-- dally In 4 hra. from Trent io 01 B-) Borgo , 

"" -"■-., ona-hone cut. 6fl.)i Iwlee daUy - 
.0 in 6 bra. (2</id. gr Sfr.). This dlr» 

m. (Ifl. Wkr.i ona-hurie oarr. 6fl.)i Iwiee daUy from Bi.rgo by P 

(allhouth nut the moat expedlllonil Iravcrses ILsbeai 

laiiu. The road, which aacenda Immediately hayond Trent, enlen t 
narrow valley of the JOn-dnn, and la partially hown Id the rockn or si 
ported by bnllresaea of mnjonry. Tbe narrowoiil part la defended by 
Auslrian forlifleallon. 

V/t v. Pm-fine (ia18 (Li Fratelll VDlloIlnl], * considecable marl 
town , commanded by Ihe handaome eulle of thnt name, Tbu road ni 
croBieB a range of hftla. Bslroapoot In the lull ul the CUIle nf I'ergii 
Io tbe rlgbt of a small portion of Ihe T^tc if Caldcnaiio. Tbe em 
LafB di Lmico U then skirled to ~ 

£rn'» aiAtel Bellevue. Concordia, Slablllmenlo, Pendiin Bvliiera, : 
with lable-d-haie), a small waloring-placo with mlncriLl bntha, freiiuenl 
bj llallaua from May to Sppleiubcr, The Val aui/ona, watered by i 
BraUa, begina kt Levim, ila capilol boing — 

31 ». Sorgo (ISKIfl-i 'Crorel, <m the ». aide of which riaoi the rain 

caatle of Tiltaiui, wltb the remiins of a aecond culU ti'.'gi. 'fixiio. 

Below the town !a tbe beautiful ehilean «! luwuo, Vw'uniifrT,?. ■«- "^ 

Wolkeneleln-Troalburg. , ■ 

B. „^ 'f'^O^'o Iho valley of T.rtno ot«m W \.>» "^-\*,t^'S^' 


nim l*rEU Ml 

67V« W. S< 

Beyond Trent the railw*)' conttnnes to traverse the broad ind 
fertile villay of the Adtge, To tho S.W. qf Trent, on the r^hl 
bank, ie the village of SardiiijTtii, with s oDiigiil<>ribki waterfall. 
117 M. MaldTello. On a hi>ighl near [1^3 M.] CnUlann rtfra the 
extensive naatle of Bcitno , the property of Count Trapp. The 
Tovky diihris hpre ate the ri>BuU of a Unilslip, 

137 M. EoTeredo (B80 ft. ; Corona), t town with 11,000 tit- 
hab., is noted for its silk- culture. The nioet roiDnrkable bulldloR 
is the old VantcUo iii the Piazza del Podcstk. — Road to Seklo, sea 
p. 203. 

The lower part of the valley of the Adtge, dnvn to tho It»Uui 
frontier, wWch ylolda abundance of fruit and good red wine, it 
called the Vnl LnynrMo. On the right hank lies Isera, with vtiie- 
yards, numerous villas, and a waterfall. On the left bank, to tin 
E. of the railway, neur Llttimn, is a castle, whinh about the year 
1302 was visited by Panto when baiilshcd from Floreiioe. The 
train follows the left bank of tho Adige. 

130 M. Mori; the vlllago lies in a ravine on tho oppositu bank, 
on tho road Ipading Co Rlva, and is tamed tor its asparagus. — 
Omnibus to lliva ( lO'/a M.l, see p. 181 . 

Near S. Marfo the line intereeots the traces of a vast latidallp, 
which Is said to have burled a town here in 833, and U deseribeil 
by Dante (^Infemo sli. 4-9]. At [133 M.) 8erravalU , a tort whioh 
onee guarded the doflle, the valley ei 

138 M. Ala[J15ft.; Vaparc), a place ofaome importanoe, Doe^ 
seBBBB velvet-manufactories which once enjoyed a high repntatilJn, 
and is the sent of the Italian and Austrian nustom-houso authorittei. 
Those wlio have torwariled luggage by this route tn or ftnin Tiily 
should take the pri-cauCio^ to enquire for It at the euatom-honte 
here. Halt of '/^hr. ~ Afio U the laat station In the Austrian 
dominions. The village, with a well preserved ehitpan of Oovut 
Oastelbarco, lies on the right bank of the AdIge. 

Peri is the first Italian station. The Monte Batda [7280 ft.) on 
the W. separates the vatloy ot the Adigo from the Lago di Qaidia, 
Stat. Caaino. The train now outeiB the celebrated CAfuaa & 
Verona, a rocky defile in which in 116ri Otho of Wittelsbachnm^ 
tecled against the Veronese the retreating German nimy nuder ¥n^- 
di^rick Barbarossa. On an eminence on the right bank lies Sttcft, 
which was stormed several tlmea by the Fieiw.U \w 1796 and ITW 
ajider /disB^na, and afterwards gaveWmVlsiatiAftfte. 


s DomegliaTi, Pesci 
■8 the Adige, toanheB tliu Vcr 
(p. 172), and tiien the atatioii of — 

7. From Vieima to Tiieate. Semmering Railway. 

M; onili 
50 lbs. 


"" ' 78,'i')ll.* 12k'r,|; oniiouT trsina In 22- S3 lire. 

11 la a Ihe aUllon al leo ,. ...... 

oIlmrwhB IbB whnle In li»blB lu be olmrgBd fur. — Ge»t tIews gBnertaiy 
on Ilmlen. For fBTlber puliciilHra, ■«« Batdctcr'i Ealla-n Atpi. 

The atntkin d( the 8. RuLlwny ia hetweea the Belvedere and tbe 
Fayorite 'Lines', or boundaripB of the city. The train, boob after 
Btitrting, »llordB s, good aatvey al Vianna, and the broad plain with 
its iniiumenble villaa and Tillages, ae far n the hUla of the 
Leitha, to the S. 3 M. Settendorf, with an imperial nhatean. On 
the hillB to the right, near (^8 M.) Brunn, are several artillclal luina. 
— Near (dl/g M.) Modliny, the Briihl, a ploturesqae rocky valley, 
npeiis on the W., and a branch-line diTergea to the E. to the Im- 
perial ahlleaa and park of Laxenburg. IJHtioiis Oimtranudorf and 
OumpoldiktreKen, famous for its wines. A short tunnel ia passed. 

lliM. BadBnC69oft. ; 'Hdtel Municlt ; Stadt (ficn), with hand- 
some villas, celebrated tor its warm mineral springs, the Hotnan 
rUtrnine Pnnnunioae. Beautiful anvirors I Calvarienbtry, HtUntn- 

181/^ M. Toslan (800 ft. ; 'mitt Baele), vthich yli^lda the heat 
Anslriaii wine, ia nlao frequented as a watering-place {li" Fahr.}. 
The next »t«tiona are Kottingbnmn, Ltobcridorf (whore tho 
barren Scknt^CTg, 6&08 ft., rises on tha right), Felixdorf, and 

30 M. H«iwt»dt, or WimaiKh-KtuKlndl (1130 ft.; Hineh; 
Kreus), with 20.000 tnhab., is an important maiiufactiiring town. 
On tha E. aiiie lies the old ducal Coslle of the llabenberg family, 
converted in 1752 into a military academy. 

On the right beyond Nenstadt the Schnttbtrg is visible almost 
from base to summit; on the left riaea the Leiiha range. On the 
hills to Che light. In tha diatanco , atauds the well-prosetved 
eoBile of Stbaulein, the property of Prince Liechtenateln. — 30 M, 
St. Kgydm ; 30 M. Ncunklreltm, a mannDicturing place ; then Itr- 
niti and Potgehaeh. On the height to the left, near Qloggnlti, rises 
the castle of WarUtutein. ScMnii (iioffgnitt on the hill, with Its 
iiuiDoroua windows, was a Benedictine Abbey down to 1803. 

At (461/2 "0 Gtoggnits (1426 ft. ; ■Kaffehaiis; 'Alpeahoru), 
begins the imposing ttimmexing Bailwky , oive ot *.& ^waA "«*»>- 
eating lines in Europe (best vicvi 6 ou tVo U(l\ wni-^'a'>»*>- '«^ ^*^ 
In the Valley Ilea the eretn Sfhwnn.m, ^■ftv '>^vc 'vva.V^-^^*'- ■«'^'*^ 

46 Boufp 7. ORATZ. 

Itctoiy of SrhUjilmUU. On th« left the 
tteln; to the V. in the btcL-grouiid the Saxnlp. 
BMlbai s iride circuit round the N. »ide of the vtUey to (51 M.) 
P/fi/cr&.iDh (1^13 ft.; M&der; It*il. Restaurant, with bedi], ind 
oroitps the ValUy o( Beirhmau hy s viaduct with 13 itche«, 300 
yds, long. The train now ascends rapidly on thu S, ilepe of tbe 
valley Cgridient 1:40). Beynnd two short tnnneU, tt aldtts Ae 
GoUtiialaigtl, and bayoud two more tunnels reanhee (57 H.) Jnomm 
(^2254 ft. I, with a hair-ruined caaUe or Frin«o LkchtenBteia, on i 
lORky pinnacle, onae tbe key of Styrla. Far below runs the eld 
Seoiniering road ; Beversl factorieii , and the white houMa of 
BehaUwUn , nestling In a narrow gorge, are visible. Thi? train now 
gkirta the (fciiuellctuimd by a long gallery and reachea (61 M.) 
BKilMdcin (2o44 rt.> Two more tnnnele are traversed, and the 
ravines of the KalU Rinna and the Vntert Adlittgraben nrossed Iry 
lofty viaduvts. After three more tunnels the train reaohea — 

64 M. Semmering (0884 ft.). In order to avoid the n ._ 
Ing pact (360 ft.) of the asoent, the train penetrates the highest part 
of the Semmering, the boundary betwoen Anstiia and Styria, hx 
means nf a tunnel nearly 1 M. in length , the middle of which Is 
the culminating point of the line (^(10 Ft.) and then desaeods 
rapidly on the N. slope of the peaceful dale of the FVdieJMti tO 
(68 H.) Bpital and (73 M.) K&riiniohlmg (219D ft. ; 'BrSultam; 
'Eiephimti Kail, Bcitimrimt), an old town on the Miirt. 

The train now follows the picturesque , pine-clad valley ef the 
Mure, oontsiniiig numerous forges. 79 M. Kricglach; B%'/tlL. 
MilUrdcrf, the latter with extensive gnn -manufactories. On lbs 
right rises the ehiil^u of PHxhl, vrith its foar towers, and beymd, 
the cuius of Lichlenegg. Stations Kindbtrg and Kapfeabtrg with, the 
csBtlea of these names. Near atat. Bruck rises the ancient osttlii of 

dS.M. Bmoh (11589 ft. ; *fiemmir>r, at the station) is a «mall 
town at the confluence of the MQrz and the Mw, with ui dli 
castle. The train now enters tlie narrow valley of the Mnr. 104 H, 
Peraeffff, with a large chateau. Near MixnUs there are intaiestlag 
stalactite eaves. The forges of (1131/^ M.) FrohnUiten on the rlgltt 
bank and the castle of Pfnnnberg oil the left belong to Piinoe Lob- 
kowitz. Schtoas RabenaU'm on the right bank is the property 
of Prince Liuobtonstein. The train next passes the Badtlaand, 
and skirts the river by means of a rooky gallery of 35 arches, 
above which mns the high road. 118'/g M. Peggau possesses silver 
and lead mines. 

Tbe train crosses the Mur. 121 M, KUin-Stiibing. with a hand- 
some ohateau ; 134 M. Gmtwtin. Near (i2fi M.) Judcndorf, on an 
eminence to theW., rises theptctnresqueOothic pilgrimsge-ohnnih 
of Strnaiaij/tt with handsooiie towers. The train now sklitl i, 
height, it the foot of which risea ttit ■mafte oS (ioslmg , ■£&» if 


BTty of Count Atteml , a f&youiite reaoit of th« 
enters the tprtile b&Htn in which Otitx la eitastad. 
ground rises Ihu Schtoishrrg. 

131M. OratiflOeSft.). — HoTSLBon Ihorig k U 

"EuPHiHT, R. 1U. 10, L. 2U, A. 313, U. 115, iimiiibDii 30 it 

• 1«BBn HOF; -OOLDHKE KflSBl "FLOBtlN ; >OoLIIHi:il Ia UiU B 

— On tbc l«ri hsnlc: ■Euhkbioo Jdhikk; KAiiEUSBa 

6ra(i, the capltalofStyiia,picturesqaely sitiuited n bo h b 
of the Hot, irhlsh is here craased by four bridges, w h 000 

Inhtb.. is oneorihe pleaEsntost prOTinclal capital A tr Th 
i))rtifl cations have recently been removed , and h ir te n w 
DiMiupIed by tbe handsome Hingiirane and the dp k Th 
'SchlmibCTg. wbich rises about 400 ft. aboie the ri codidi d 
one of the finest *Viewg In Austria, embracing h coura h 

Mut and the popubUfl relley, Bliolosod by plctor q m ta 
On the S. aide of the hill rlae« the handeeme lock- T u«r nd 
in front of the Swiss house the SUiiiu of Fieldm h B n 
Weldm (d. 1853), in bronze, by (issser. — Th G h Ad 

dates tnnn 1446, and the copper-dad dome w dd d n &63 
In front of the iMtuiti- Theater rises a bronze S u f £>i}i«ror 
fyanei) J. , designed by Marohesi ; In front of the Stadlhiiui la a 
Statue of Archduke John, hy P5nninger. 

The train proceeda through the hmad valley of the Mnr, at 
Bome distance from the river. 134'/i U. Paatigianj on the bills to 
the right rises the cafltle ot Prtmsletien ; on the Uft, beyond (139 M.) 
KaUdorf, the castle of Weasenei^. Near (tU H.) Wildon the 
Kninaeh is crossed by a wooden bridge; on the height above ilse 
the ruins of Ober-Wildim: to the right are the outskirts of the 
Sehwanbi^y Alpa. 148 M. LOtring. To the right, near (153 M.) 
LeOinit%, lathe arohlepiacopal cbatoau of Sufcau,' farther on , the 
castle of Ldbttk to the left. The train next croaaes the Salm by an 
Iron chain-bridge and approaches the Mur, 168 M. Ehrenhauten, 
with tile ehtteau of the same name , and the maiiEOleani of the 
princes of Eggenberg on a wooded height to the right. IGO M. 
Sfielfcld, with a handsome chitesa of Count Attems. 

The line quits the Mur and enters the mountainous district 
which separates the Mur from the Drive. Ou the watershed a 
tunnel, TOO yds. in length, and near (lUTi/, M.) Poiautu a vioducl 
of eqnal length are traversed. 

172 m. Kubiirg (880 ft.-, "Woklachlagtr i Btadi tficn ,- Stadt 
Meran ; 'Rail. iferfauranO S» »n Important town with 1 1 ,000 Inhab. , 
piutnresquely altoated on the Diave, and the junctiOQ of the lines 
to Villach and Fran zensfe ate. To the S.W. extends the long vine 
and foreat-elad Baeher-Gebirge. A pleasing view is obtained from 
the train as it crosses the Drove ; on the rl^ht banlt are the extensive 
locomotive works of the S. Bniiway, Traversing -i^nwi^^w^*-,-*^^ 
• the slopes of the Banher Mia. on l\ve ilftVl., -we l^K■■v^. ww!« '0^'*' ,^ 
KranicUifttd, with an gld ohiWaM , b,i\i\ ^Jk.'Sa '^-^ ^■"^"*"^ ■" 

4S Route 7. tAlBACn. 


Juiictinn [or t1ie Huh to Kaiilzg* and Utt'D 

raglon of lowi^r hills, and trnviTsoi two tumioU, 189 M. J 

St the (mt <if the WoUeh\,mV6 tf..), on the N. g]o|>e of *hioh ■ 

filuatod the pktiircsqne tuIiia of the Cncthuslin monutery of Stlt*. 

The GermBL UuguaeR ia now fcplnd'^ by u Slavonk or Wond , 
lUatt'UC. The trstn nliidg through a sptiattly punpLud district. The 
valloya iro gcTK'nlly narmw and pic[ure«qu», (hi- moiiiiuins richly 
voudeil, vich ocoEional vineyaida did nelds of maiie. Ss*enl 
snisll Btatinns aod roundrios are piisacil, and an exteotive view of 
the Bnnnthai , a populoaa and iindulstliig pUlti , bounded by the 
SuUhttch Alp>, ia at length anddflriiy diufllnaud. 

213 M. ClUi (TSTft. ; Enhcrxog Jahann; Knlierbron^, «n 
ancient tO¥m o! some iupoTtaTioe, fonnded byEmp.UlaudiiisfCfaH- 
(jia CtlUia), rnntaina several Roman rellefa and nwioarial itabimt 
the lowii'WalU. On i wooded hoiglit in the vicinity standa llu 
cnlned castle otObenm-, on the slope to the N.E. lies thcLinrift 
inonaatoTy o(8i. Joieph, with its two tcweia. 

The train ctoaaes the green Sana, and enters the narrow and. 
wooded valley of that BReam. The moBt pleturesquii purt of tke 
whole line is between Gilli and 8ava. 219Vg M. Markt Tiffer, 
with a ruined castle, '224 M. Boaitrbad (which memorial atoilM 
prove to have been known to the Itomons), also called TepWxa [L e. 
'warm bath'^, a beautirully einiated waterlDg-place. 

IIS M. SUinbruck C*K>il. Koatauraiit ; 29 min. allowed tm 
DxpreBB passengBra to dine in going to Vienna), a thriving village 
on the Sane, at 8aa, which here unites vtlth thu Sann , la tke 
junction for the line to Agram and KaiUtadt. The train now runs 
ft« i hr. In the narrow valley of tho Save, eiicloaed by lofty Ume- 
slons oliftii, which often barely afford apaee for the river and Tail- 
Vay. Stations Hraataigg [with valnihle coal - mineEJ , Trlfait, 
Soj/OT (the lirat place in Caraiola), and Savn. 

The valley iinw eipanda. At Littai the Save is ctoased. Scon- 
ery still very picturesque. Stations Krcamitt, Ltiase. 
inDiix of the Laibach into the Save , the line quits the latter and 
enters the valley of the ibrmer. The lofty mountain-range to the 
M.W. is that of the Julian or Caraian Alpi. 274 M. BaUoch. 

2G7M.LeuhMh(910ft.; SUuitWien; Elephant; Earopai *Aoi(. 
BeitatiTant), Slav. Ljubtjana, on the Laiback, On, capital of 0«t- 
nisla , with 2o,00D Inhab. , la sitnated lu an citonsive plain en- 
olosed by monntainG of vartoua heights. An old CastU, now used 
as a prison, rises above the (own. Tho Cathtdral, an ediliaa ia 
the Italian stylo , is decorated with stucco and numerous freseoea 
of the i8th century. 

The line now travorses the marahy Liiib<icher Moo) by m 
of an cmbankmpnt, l^/^ M. in length, and crOBsoa the Laibaeh, 
whinh beiMmes navigable here, although hardly 3 M, below Oie 
pof/it wherp it fssiii's from the iof:\i* >\c».t i.^WiXAXit.e'R. "' 

•) TritKle. TUIKSTK. 7. Rni 


CJHI MO Prontrfnr/' the lijifl iirossea b lofty viai 
more mouiitninous diBtrict, — IWl M. ioilncH (IBfiSft. ; Poet o 
TriesO- AboutlSM. MtheN.W. of l.nltsphwe theriohquiOksllver 
mines of lAria. — 300 M. Enkek . 31/^ M. to the S.B. of which is 
the Zfrfcnrtstr Btt , enclosed by lofty mODUtatns. Then (308 M.) 
AdelibOTg (1798 ft. ; 'Or. HSl. AdelnbtTg; "Krone), 81a». i^trfjna. 
The celebnlad 'Etaudtite Oivirsb. kuDwo In the mlrldle ■«» ud 
ucldentBllf re-diacnOEred in IBIS, are '/, M. W, <it Adolnhorg. Ail the 
fees are filed Tiy UrilT, snd arc lomevili*! hlsTi (or a alngle viailor (fnim 
2 R. aOlir. In 21 n.. aocDrdine tu Ihf lUnmlnallimj. bnl leu wbEn ilured 
by ■ p»rlj. BrU]l«nt Ul|iniiii»tioB ii oeceiwury In nrdar la prgduw k 

longed Id lbs Belrediire 4 bin. TeBipemtare i&' P&bT. BntnaCB f H. 
rnim the fllBlIOD. Fuller jwrlliiiilikTii, «Be BaEdiibiir'i Eailefa Alpt. 

The train now traTersaa a. drpary, inhospitable plain, strewn 
with blanks of limestone, ealteil thp Kant (Ital. Cano). oxteniltng 
from Fiume to Gorilla (^p. 162'). The trsin f2 hrs, by eipceas from 
A-delebprg to Trieste) llireails Ita way through this wiliiemesB of 
Btonea, r.roaaea the Foik at (311 M.) iVeafrinei, and beyond 
[316 M.) St. Ptttr (IrraiiPh-llne to Hume) passes throitgh rti 
tunnels. Statiuns Lestet, Divnutn (S'/j M. to the S.E. are the 
grattoes of S. Cnnilnn), Setsana (1627 ft.). The train descenda 
to Prosecco and (348 M.) NabT€nna (Haid Boawirth), where the 
line to VenlTO by Ddine diyergea (B. 37), and affords a tnsgnl- 
floent *View nf the hliie Adriatin, Trieste, and the laCrian ooast 
(views to the riglit). The alopes are planted with olives, Bg-trees, 
and trellised vines. — 3d3 M. liriynano, the last station, Is not 
sboTO I'/j M. below FTOseooa In a stralgbt direction. On the Funta 
Srignana. which here projects Ulte tho soa, is situated the hand~ 
some r.hitean of MirOTnnr(p. 53 ; station). Before reaohinR (35fi ST.) 
Trieste the train enters a tunnel, 906 ft. lu length, which termi- 
nates at the stadoii. 


nte. — Hat«li 

HOtbi. nii 

J, VlLl.c 

(PI. 1>, E. I'/rO B. ! -DfilKl, 




rPl. 0), '!. ». fn 

m Ike .Utiim 


Neju, w 

lb a good T«s 

auraul n>eer) 


(.••Km Obaho 

(PI, hi. In 



cris; HfliKL OAttin, FiassB 




ill a lialf-offor 

ng wiio like Ibal of Aj,ti (1.. 73) I 


a terj dark 
nanally drnnk 

wilh an adm 


nary »inu are Ttrrami anA 

''"^Orft.. HDUl i. la vnu tSM 


^-rtp. DigU Uptteki, Piaaia 


iW Surof n"», la Ibu Vf 


fifHla /^iliri.- Oafft: Hanaliee, 


nd olhori. - 


uti. ai-fV'"'-- Bifrhalli, 

IHaiu d 

ens Boow, a> 

S«; oppoBitt 



lit d'UnBhgria 

d lown below 

the twlla , good 

froin Ihe eardea. _ Oatni* 

iS IhB I 

alian style: A 

i Vicnnst Risaidt^ Canal Orandei 

j«l.« ft 

ran. b the .i 

d l.,wn. ' 

flaana. From the 

staKun to lb 

To the atallo 


or I ft.-, ft.*.i»%.i-'** ™? 

, hr. 50 or W 


in. nr 

B, SO kr., each adililioaol ' 


'/• br.< luR|!agel6 k(, pe 




. a*aa 

aaut. Italy I. btb SUi 


Diieeia, Chi'ii dlalrli, and PlnaD, ktbmiI lium dUI* ; 
FSiKii, Rnvlgnu. mill Poll, dkily. SMunhoit* of A» 
/edLu {see p. 2BB) IhrH Limu weeklf, vil inHa nd 

; - TslBBuph OMie, Via delU tlr-sMH ~ "~" 

Ddra.niruilira (PI. 23), FrEndh uiil OefniM p!«jf SDinclimei pcrfnrnie4. 

AmtinHafP]. 21), dmmaj mid uperin; l-olll^-ma Sbu.-III, iin Ihi> XcqucdiittnT 

KnilwiT Button, n bsndJiouic nlrnotiire, 1 H. FRlm the Kiebinge. nru 

Sncliili Obsrsh Bsivin prrfgimcd b; b Fenident chiplain. 

TriMle, tTie Tergtale of the Romui», sltusted at the H.E, 
extremity of the Adriatir,, U the Fspltal of illyria anil the moat 
Important seapnrt of A-iistria (pop. 70,000. incl. villaeeE 1^,000*). 
It vas madu a free hnboiiT by Eiup. Cbarles VI. in 1T19, and miy 
be teimed the Hamburg of 8, Qctmany. Every EumpeaD nation, and 
also the United Statea, has a iuiilsuI hnro. The population li Tory 
heterogeiiooua, but the Italtau eleinont predoiuInat«a In the elCjr. 

The Barbour ta the centre of bnelneas. It \s anterod and qnitted 
by 15,000 vcBsela anniially , of sn aggregate harden of one mlllitm 
tona. The quaya have been greatly extended -within the last feir 
yeaia to meet the Inoreaslng requtremente nf the shipping trade. 
The LigUlMiuae on the S.W. Moln Tertsn la 106 ft, hl);h. 

The IVeuT Toum, or TktraienBtadt. adjoining the harhonr, ia tall 
out in broad, veil-paved streeta with handeome heuses, and Is In- 
teraeeted by the Canal Orande (Pi. 5 ; D. -3, 4), whinh enables 
Teeaela to discharge Ihelt car^oea cloae to the ivarehonsea. At the 
end ofthe Canal la the church of 5. Antonio riuovo fPl. 7; D, 3), 
built in 1830 by Noblle in the Oreeli atylo. 

Adjacent to Che HStel de la Vllle towarde the 1^. U the 'QBvn 
CHttuoH [S. Niceoli dei Greet, PI. 10; B, 4; divine aervicB 6-8.30 
a.m. and fi-7 p.m.'), vrith ita two green loni^rs, somptiloUBly fitted 
up. To thP left of the Hfitol de la Vllle la the Fataao CareMSi 
with a green dame, and in the vicinity, near the Ponte Rono, a, 
new Servian" CIttiTch. 

A few paeea farther, In a S.E. dlrentlon , Is the •TkhoestBo 
[H. 16 ; E, 4), an eitenalTe pile of huildinga, on the outside of whlfih 
are ahopa, and in the interior a glaaa gallery in the form of a btobb, 
where the Exchange [12-3 o'doukl is sitoated. The Reading Room 
of the Bicbange Jswell stotked with iie^ spacer* t^iMtott admittai^ 
TJie principal pari of the edifice is Dcnn^iei \i'i V'^ie o^^™* "A 'Sn* 


in 18^W 
m AuBtrh alH' • 

'Awlrian Lloyd', a stcftmbo&t-compsiiy eatsbliahed in 1 
whluh tile poaUl Beivico and psasDiigoT trtifflc betwetin A 
the E. MeditBrraneao and India are undertatien. 

In tha PiawB dalla Boraa (Pi. K, 4J, wlicre the old Exdunge 
is situated, stands a Neptnne group iu marble, and a Stntae of Lto- 
fold I., erected in 1660. — In the Plti^ta tirsiide la the uev jtfuni- 
elpio (^Fl. 11 ; E, 4), eoutatning the handsome hall of the provincial 

The Corao (PI. E, 3, 4), tho pclnoipal Btraoc o( Trleete, together 
with the two piazzas just mentloiiud, separates the new (ami from 
the old. The latter, nestling loiind the hill on which the castle 
tlseE, GouslstB of narrow and steep streets, not passable for carriages. 
To the left oil the route to the cathedral and the castle is sltnated 
the jBBtiiTB' CmincH (8. Maria Maggian, PL 9; F, 4}, contaiiiing 
s Urge modern fresco by Saute. To the W., a few paeea higher up, 
is the Piasxetta di Riecardo, named after Richard Cteur de Lion, 
who ia said to have been imprisoned here after bis return from 
Palestine. The ^rco di Riecardo (PI. 3) is believed by some to 
be a Koman trluiophal arch, hut probably belonged to an aqueduct. 

The •Oattbdualb S. QruHTo(Pl. 8 ; F, 3) consisted originally of 
a basilloa, a baptistery, and a small Syzantiiie church, dating from 
the 6th cent., which in the 14tli cent, were united so as to form 
a whole. The tower contains Roman columns, and sii. Roman 
tombstones (busti in relief) vith tnacriptloua are immured in the 
portal. The facade ta adorned with three busts of bishops in 
bronze. The altar-niches of the interior contain two annle.llt mo- 
saioE, representing Christ and Mary. The Apostlea In the left bay, 
under the Madonna, are Byzantine (Gth cent.]). Some of the capi- 
talB are antique, others Romanesque. 

A disused burial-ground adjoining the church Is now au open- 
air Miiteutn of Soman Anliquttiti (PI. 16^, those on the tipper 
terrace having been found at Trieetc, those on the lower at Aqul- 
Icls (key kept by the aacrisCaii of the cathedral, 50 kr.). T?iuokel- 
mann, the eminent Gormau archa.'Ologist, who was robbed and 
murdered by an Italian at the Locanda Grande iu 17S8, is interred 
here, and a monument waa erected to him In 1632. 

Fouchf, Due d'Olraata, once the powerful minister of police of 
Napoleon I., died at Trieste in 1820, and waa Iciterred on the 
TtTvice in front of the cburoh. Fine view ihence of the towu 
and sea. 

On the slope of the hill opposite the Cathedral rises the Arme- 
nian Ciitholie Chiireh, a By):antlne odiUce. — The uew PraUstanl 
Church, in the Pinixa Carradorl, waa completed in 1874. 

In tlie PiaizB Lipsia is the JVuuliool Aeadtmj/ (PI. 1 ; G, 6V 
containing the Mtinieipat Muieilm, the uhlet ».*.VtMSvs«i " • ■ --^ - 
a complete collection of the tauua vA ftia KSnva.'o-''- \jBSi 

plaza is the sumptuously futn\a\ie4 Paliiiao ■Reoi>\W»»-._^ 

52 Unutf 7. CAPO DI8TR1A. 

muniitipal Pktiire O&Uerr (viiiitore admitted). — ^4 
GliiSflppo, vhlr.h opens towaida the Molo at that nams (PI. F, 9, 
"), li embellifilied with a 'Monumtnl to Emptror fSaiimilim tif 
Mssfoo fd, tS67), in bronze, desired by Schilling, and erected 
~n 1RT5. The uuroniuiate prinr£. vho wag a cear-tdminl iii the 
Aastiiui navy, geoernll)' resided at Tdeste before be undertook hi* 
lil-atarred expedition to Mexico. 

A long avpnuD, skirting the coast and ranimandinK a Buooession 
of beantlfnl riewa, leida on the B. side of the town, past the ViUa 
Mvrat, the Lloyd Arttnal, and the Oiw-Worti, to SenoUt (eomp. 
Plan, I. 7-4|. 

The Bitennive • Whantt of lUt Lloyd Co., opposite Servola 
(i'lltSJ), may bo vialtud dally, exenpt holidays . Sundays, nui 
between 11 and 1 o'clock (go ide >/i-i 0.'). 

On the road to ZmiU, fanious (br its oyster-bBda, are t&a 
handsome Cemtttria, 

Another pleasant walk is along the Acijutdotlo through a pretty 
valley tn the Botehtlio, a favourlto r«sort (lar^e brevory). From 
the BoBchetto a shady road leads to the Villa Ferdinandui (resfaui- 
BUt), adjoinlnR wMoh is the YUla HtBotttlla, with park and chapel, 
(Ommanding a charmlnR ilew or the town, the sea, and the eoHt. 

A very pleasant exriiralon {railway BlaMon, see p. BO; «aTr. 
3&.f boat 3 a.] may be made to the chateau of 'MmAUAB, formerly 
the property of Rmp. Manimilisn of Mexino fsee shovel, charmingly 
situated to the N.W, near (iri^iino, and commandtiig a line tIbw 
(■(Trieste, the sea, and tho coast. The park is opi^ii to the pubUe 
daily. The BUmpluousI; fnrnislied Chatpan is shown tu liattQIK 
(Sunday afternoons excepted) on applloation Co the steward (fee 
Vl"-}- — Borcoto (restaurant) is a favourite resort, halfway b»-. 
tfween Trieste and the chateau. 

Bxuvastoiie. To 'OpIiMna <3 H-i H<Mel air ObelieciH, cnnnunding m 
buntifal ilew of tbe town aod the aea; Sirrola («e ab-iie), * Giiipuimi; 
tbB grotlo ur Omiiiti, M. lo the E.-, to JApliia limperial Blnlilesl, etc. — 

morning], li by BteamBr (p.60l lo Mvagia: ovar thu biil ira luiit lhe»o- 
tilU] Tiew from tbe lop) In Ollrc (1 lir,), thEaee by boal |m '^'■) lu Oa^ 
dlatila {Cilli ill TriaU; Ead4l!tsi CuBk in lh« Drincli^Al Piaital. Tba 
town llaelf, situated on an island. » 
Ibe Bomana. and is connaeied wltt 

ment ThacMEf objecla of InlarMt a . ._ _ , ._,..„, 

ocCapTing the 9ll« of a tempie of Cybole, and tbe eilentive aaJt-wortjL 
We BOW proceHd by tbe rati on the ehore, pnming SeflififaJIo, to (Stfj 
Iiola (gowl Refoato winaj, anii (OH. ftirthert ftraBo, nnd rctnro tnTrlHla 
tiy aleamar in the eveding. — About 9 M. from Pirano lies (be .ea-hatb- 
Ing place "f S. Lonnio, established in 1801, a handsome bnilding in an 

Liguriu tribeii, whd were but aluwly Inaueneed by Oaiiiau cuitornt tni 
11 ivu nut till tU« reign iif AnEaitus Ihjil Ibe aubJiiB&liaD of tbe bigher 
vulleyii wu camtjlBUd. The Dialbrt of IbB }ieupfe >tll] reUlus tnicm gf 

11 WIS comjjli 
OBcient nffln) 



bl. p«V 


pokeu, 'o 

en by the 



nl Ksdmo 

>t Fn 

m Miry bit 




wllU thftt 


Th« £ 

a/ So. 

«do), ft C 

mlly nf 


e thoif aes 

en from 

Iho 3*1011 


4, Iho 


ait of 

llfiU) in gflpenllf rsgantHd >9 Ibe Iimndei of tbe dyniMly. la 1101 bis 

thsy gndually lucceeded in eikndlng tbs^ supremscy aver Turin, AjtaHh 
lAt anal, in ISer, which toltledtbe sueueSBion on the mnle ]in« in the order 

povara of Fr&nci 
e prinoea of Stivo 
rUken by Isrribli 

tk M Ferro^, 1658-80) rsatured it I 
0-1030) the'uucby n 

I original 

lin two: 

Jiiili nt 

JitTnet in""lS3l, "•«! the yannger Carlgi 

--—.-„ ,. -noTMciu / f^MuVl, Frmcaa (MocmH 

ItBST.BB). OirlD Kmamitlti II. (1638-75). and TOMrJo Anadto II. (IdTS- 
ITdU). The lul at Ifaene , hnTinc boldly ellled hlmlelf witb AnllrU dnr 
Ing (he Bpulah W*r uf Sueeeailon, inuBced to throw off the Frencl 
luionlnty (ITIS)i he ubtstned Siolly u bi> rewird, which iaUnd. 
be wia oflarwnrdi ohlieed to eicliaDgB for Sardlnim (173[», >n 
■■aumed the tlUe of Kihq, which win aubaequenlly ooupled witb 

i VUlaHo Ami 

3-9B). (.(let 1 

1 In illi 

iTOtOClfid 1j] 

CuBgrenB of VlBnmi. Tbe Hapaleonlc periud bid 

benelltl ot modern IceliUtloD, and. taleli millUry 
IntaUfglblB tbU tb« duricn] ruullnn, wlilcli isl i' 
g»e rUo 
whlcb hud 

Ddhered hithfoUy Id Jeialti»l pHni^pleB 

■bA ltui»<> ntBtnst tha illumpU nf V 

rendered hfm Kn ImplarAbk enem] 
nUlonul deroli.piDent of Piedmont, 
cuniiiileiit. Ttie Ulieni1> uUed him 

itgeea of tlie CsTbonBri nnd the 

f 1B21, wu proteotfld by FriAco 
1 to dcurive bliu of hU diimi 
nd tha tone of cinnnutaOMS, 
^uitrta. With him bepa Ihe 
iffh hill flffoiU wfira not Alvntyi 
tween tta 

Tldlded la 
induce " 

Ulat 1 

Hfl th' 

(381b July). 

itlnd to Opoilo, wbcn 
II wu ruerved for bis goo VitUi 
ISK) nnilly to elye ettect Ui the 

OB- (the 
being •!;_ . 

ing , h4ir in 


a lew mo 

<« //. (b. isn, 

wlsbeii ol Itnlj. 

AniTnl. The 

8. Turin, Ital Torino. 

principal nUvky-alslion si Turin l9 ib« Slmbme Cat- 

mny (Bke ths'lrsln U Ihe aioitoai n>rla fiiuu [Pi. C, 3, 
of Ibe Vl« dells Camnis, Ibe first aloppins place of ^1 tb 

) , at ibg e>d 

Inini nltbft 

n), or at the 

Slatlma anenraU, on the Ictl bimk of the Dora. — BUtlon 

of the branch 

line ill Ititali in Iba Pism delJo Sialulo (PI. G, 2) | of that 

lo Cirii-Laim 

a (PI. K. U. 

HoMU. "KuRoPA (H. at E, 2), Piai.a CmIbIIo Ifl; =0 
Tnnw (PI. hi E,*,6),upiK«ilB (he eentraiJUationi "HaMi. 

's'Xi L.m»i« 

fPl. 01 P, i)vVia Carlo Albenoi "HflTH, Feoan IPI. di 
FranotwcodiVaolaS-, snTSL Tuoiibetta (PI. ei E,3), ViaB 

P, 3), Vi> 8. 
«^ 2J, p<M.a 

a. CarlOi Grahb HiIim, B'Afloi.ii»BRi! (W. f( E, i, 4), Via 

Boma'si, and 

Via Cavoiir 2. All IbeM are of the tlrtl claig, ^th limil 

imnlbui il/,fr. 

— The following are more in Ibe Ilalinn style, and hare 

nectedwilb tbeni; Albsboo CBKTKiifi (PI. gi E, 2), Via 

ellQ yinaua) 

SoMnFEinE (PI. h, E, l), %^a Uarfaarnui 1; Haiitl. Sbibs 

a (PI. ii B,l|, 

Via HaeeM 2, near Ihe oenfral eUHun, E. fnm ^i/s, B. 

tV,, D. ^u! 


WM^V k' ^^^^H 



TdRfiiQ^ M 


2, '■ - JUlHon:. T.2. 



M.L^^nff^ . ■ . : ■ 


3. ■ •■ dMe Saau 


t.Jbma-ia. jtealr. 




33.*™, ™t« 


, . r,3. 



t.Ba^taitn. IbgUlraU 















tO.di XagUmai Saprm. 

a.Fraaaicei! di Solet 

. E.2. 


H.lh^ lltLdn. di, nil 


il-M Prb,i:lpt- 






tidtiU rcrri 



. Z.l 


^S.Tanpia Taldtsi . 


YHJ'are /^imumu 



Z0.6ana-iii drU- IndutOTA 



IXJlUDiU TVflri™ 



2Z.Jfcrm*. del JBu,. 



f.V i 

23.rf'J.esft^ . 




Z^aU'Eitrati Sanla 


S3.£»n« . 







SS.Kluru Bmaiale 





r.3. , 

Zi.Emm»LtU FHHerO, 





ft Hi. 




b.Qr.SSciI dt TuriK. 



cliM. dm la Lifuric 


A.mel rrdtr . 


1 .fiitei ifr />iuur » 


ir. la rojKWrfr; I a'^flfOFm 

1.2. 1 

g daayo C^nrslt 





Vaffs. TURIN. S. Boulc. 

)GM» VBtLUn iPI. n : E, 2) , Vli Cutlc d'AupoUo i, near tho 1 
Oitl^, B. IVt, !■. '/i Cr., A. fib, Omnibua 00 c, well iiiaken nf; Vi 
_ iLOUHB, Oorso PriDCipe Ameaoo. — The OriHtni, a kind gf hr 
long, Ibiu, nd erdap aliDkB, fUrni a ipeelsllt; of Uie plUE. BmI wines: 
JarMfo, BorolD, JViftiolo, tnd OrijnoitaD. 

mominji, bul itklisn wines, ParU, Mk di Pa'21| Bifo, Vis Itomi 19; 
IVallnrta A' nana S, Carlo, D, 3fr., in M. room on Ihe npper floor) Xl- 
HiMua, Oallerlii aeiuer, Vli S, Tsraas E (Vienna beer), £>ne /niUf, Via 
Qducu ii in llie lut Iwu tinliu, in Ih; ollieri French cuigine. timi 
RttitauraDt also at lUe BlaUni-c BcntmU. — Ooi>d Pitimaxtat mm at Ihe 
Tralltiria 4'Orteiitc, Via Lagraage, and at the OoeeaMa, Via Dora Orunia. 
Oafia. 'Cafi ic ParU, Via d) Pu 21; -a. CDrIa, Piaua 8. Carlo 2| 
, i<raijr»ial>, Via dl Pu aji Madera. Via Lagrange lOi -iinnaaii, ti]< the 
GnUeria dell- IndiiBtria Subalplna, In the llaEia Caalello (oaf^ cJlantanl in 
the evening)^ Caff* dells Aoriu, Via Romn aR, lAt/aria, Cflrao del Bs, near 
Ihe BtaUun. ~ OaftctlaDna. Amu, Raralli 4: miana, bi>th in the Piuu 
Cagtello, 9, side. — Bear. At (he above nieotioned 'Caffi nima«ai, Imhuip, 
al the Earner of Via deir ArBenale and Via Alflerl; in the Birrwia, Via 
dl Dora Qroua &. 

iBadlan >nil of Ihe Vi» 'di Po. Per drlre (coru) 1 fr., at niglil (13-6 a. m,) 
1 &.a)s., Bnl Vihr. I fr., am hour (orsj 1 h. SO e., each rgltuwine 
Vj hr. 7B e., at nlglit I'/ift. and 1 fr.j oaeh Inink 30 o. — Two-horse 
earrlafe 50 0. more in oaoh case. 

l^ramwni. FVom the Piazza Cahtello (PI. E, 7, 2)1 1. By Ihe Via 
Lagranee to the Ban-iira di Nina (PI. F, 6); 3. To the Vlaxia Vittorto 
Emannele, BcroM the bridee ovu the Po, and lo the right to Ihe Parrirra 
H Kaenun (PI. H, b), ud un to Jfoacallirii 3. Aoruas the brtAga an In 
the lut rente and then to Ihe left to Ihe Barricra di Catali (PL H, 9} 

■0 (Pi. K, I) 
Fiori IB. 

, -jbalirinitp. 56).. 

e Otardino Bealo, in winter in Ibc Plana Vittoria 
laiia d-Armi in siiminer dorlne the Corso. — The 
the avenuea of the Plana d'Arinl. 
videnia 40-, Baeni dl 8. Carlo, Via Bama 22; Bgnnl 

Fiiiherlo lo the Pnnle AfoMo (PI, E, 1) and Ihe Born Oora 
PlAMA VlWOEIO EUASUELE (Pi. S) : 1. Bj the VU 8 



Pl„„a d,llo aial«lo (PI. C, ail 3. By Ihe Corso del B* 

SolTeWno (PI. U, US). — Prom the Pi.JiA EmsuKi-K Kit.1 
by Ihe Cor.0 Mau.^.to, Ihe Via tt,.sslBl, ek., I.. Ihe Cor, 


(Pi. F, HI- . . 

P™OtB*e, via'd'Angenne. iO-^'leuiraph' Offl»; Vit 


. .„., adi Bagol Cavour, ^la L;„. „ .. 

'i-l>/ilr,, wilb fee oflUc. — Boiiiming Btlh (neuol* di nuoto) above Ihe 
1 bridge over Iho Po (PI. 6, 3; eoo.). 

Ihaatm. Tealro Regio (Pi. da), in Ihe Plaiaa Cailello, irlth scaU 
r 2G0O, B^nenliy open during l.iint and the Oarnlval only (admluioD 
_.r,, reserved aenli SU.); CaTifnmo (F1. ISj, in Ihe Plaua or thai name, 
for Italian cctmedies, open Ihe ero&tep p&rt of Ihe year i D''Apjfitmrf (PI. d^. 
Via Bono Kdoto, Btuini (PI. 5S), Via di Po 24, ibese two for playa in 
llie Plcduoaleae dialect; BcrOt (pt. 64), Via Zccca 29, Freneb, elc. 

Xncllah OhoTiIh Berries performed la a chapel at the baek nC Um 


,1 i,.c7«^ 

56 Itoult S. TL'BIK. Fatntto 

Turin (T65 ft.), tha Hcmaii Auguitu I'lJUrMorvrn, I 
tb« TButitil, • Ligurian tribe, deetraycd by Hwi 
»nij subseiiQWilly te-arBCleil, wm th« opitnl vl lli.' Cuuiily of 
Piednont ill the Qiiddlc! >.Ee4 , snd in llitt ticoam^ Mibjiri lo thi< 
Pukes of Savoy , wbo frequently resided herp. From I8a!t W 
18(>5 it was tLe napiUl of Italy and residence of (he king. Tiirtn, 
the i«at of a university, and of a inilitaiy aeulemy , is i4lus(ed In 
all extUDatve plain on the Po, whiah reculvus the watuis of tiiti 
Oota Htp'iriii below the city. Tbo plain at tbu Pa i» bounded on 
tbe W. by the Oraiiat and CotLiim Alpe , and on the E. by n TtLnga 
of hills rising on the right bsnk, npp.iaitc tbe nity (hill of the C«- 
puehiiu, p, 65; Superga, p. 66j. Turin lias always licen the fbeus 
of the national struggles for unity, and by the ludiiBtry and pei- 
Mveiance of its citizens has leuovered from the severe Iobsce oonM- 
quent on the remo-val of the court. The popuUtii.n in 1877i ilk* 
cladins surrounding -vilUgea, wae 214,200, of the town Itsedf about 
195,000 (in 1377, 4,200; In 1631, 36,447; in 1799, 80,7541 «nd 
in 1846, 130,849). 

Turin is eonspicaDofl UDOng the prinBipal nilies uf Ilaly tul llM n- 
(ularily uf its cuiutniGtluD. Iti (ilan preientB ruclnugulK liluclu (if hotlMa 
(lalt), loDg, broad, ilral«bl ttncU (tormerlr wiled Oxiiruit, atw Vk\ 
wtd« Kiuarea, and nunmrous gardcu. IM hiilfiry uplaio. Itala. «£ 
plan u( tho old tonn, with alight varlaltoni, ii aacertalncd to be Ibeaaaw' 
■I that of the colony toanded b; (he £uii>erur Aiuuatua. 11 Tunued a "^ 
tangle 0[ 13T0 ft. In leOfth, and liSlD H. in bTtMidlb, and is nuw ii 
SBCtad by Iho Via, dl »i - " ■ "■ 

nctad by this Via, dl Dora QruMa, which runs balweoa 
BBd tba Via deUa Coniolata. 11 had func prinDiixI t 
Ptrla ealalina, lo Iba H. (in Ihe Palusu dollB Turrl, 

Ptrla ealalina, „ 

the *bulB town wai comprUad within thii ciri 

■gu, nnlU in Ihe 17lli ceul., iindsr Ihe princes ot Bav„y, a syilemaua . 

TLu rortincitlons ix>niilrncled by Eranuis I. in 1536, und llnally tha atfi 
of ITOB cleared nwnj maai ot the old building!, ntid ijuve Ihe town jli 

whsn In poBsesnion of the cilr and environs la IBOl, and Ihe dtadd had 
to give place to the railway in ifSJ. 

The spaniona Piazza Castkllo (PI. E, F, 2), with the Royal 
Paliiao, forma the iiontro of the town. From this point the busiest 
streets diverge; — the Vin Romn, the Ku di IJotn Urwui, ».nil tite 
broad and haiidscme Via hi Pu, leading b> the bridge ovor the Vo^ 
>.nd flanked by aroades (PoTlMj, containing sliopa, the ItandsomsM. 
of which are near the Piazza Castello (those in the direction of ^ 
Po, lowirds the Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, being inferior). Tbew 
arcades present a bnay and brilliant scene in tbe evening, when 
lighted by gas. The Uiiiveraity in the VU dl Po , nee p. 68. — 
lutheS.E, angle of the Piazza Castello is tbe new UatUria dMt 
htdtutria Svbolplna, containing caffs, a large birreria, and conOe]r|. 
nwiDB, which ii worthy ol a \iait, though inft-rior to the arcade at 
Mllsii. The other end of the arcade la lu thf Piaiia Carlo Alberto 
(p. 68). 

TliB ralamto Ifodtuna (PI. 39 ; E, 1), 1.\\b autwuA cisfte, -aXolvi 


joted by I 

«Tid mtmhmuB pile in the ci^iitru of thu Piazza CbsIcUo 
mediffiV*! structure of wbluh Turin bcastB, uid vr«s erooted by 
WillUni of Moiiferrat, when Di»ater of the town In thu !»Ker half nt 
the 13th century. It owes Its preiieiit name to the mother of King 
Victor Amadeua U. , who as Dowager Unchess ('Madama Rcitt'} 
occupied the hulldiug , and embelliahed It iji 1718 by the addition 
of a handsome double flight of alepa and the facade with luurblo 
oolniniiB oil the W. side. The two original lowera on the E. aide 
are titill standing | two othent on tiie W. aide, one of wblrh U 
inti>Dded for iii obaervitory, ue concealed by tbe fifade, Uowii to 
IMb the Palazzo Madama waa the seat of the Italian aenate, and it 
now oontalna stveral Institution a, — In t^out of the Palanu stands ■ 
Afonumenl to the Sardinian Army [PI. 24) by fine. Vela, erectud by 
the Milanese in 18Q^), and lepresentilig a warrior In white ruarble 
defending a banner with his sword. In relief, Victor EmiuHuuel on 
horseback at the head ot his troops. 

On the N. side of tbe PisEza Caetello Is situated the Falaiio 
Seals, or Royal Folnce [PI. 4i! ; E, 1), ersRted about the middle of 
the ITth cent, , a plain ediflce of brick , sumptuously titted up iii 
thu interior. The palaoe-yard la separated from the Ptazxa by a gate, 
the plllara of wliich arc decorated with two groups in bronxe of 
Castor and PoUui, designed ity Abbondio Simgiorjiia In 1842. To 
the left In the hall of the palace, to which the pilblln are admitted, 
ill n niche near the etaircase, is the 'CnonUo di Mnrmo', nn 
cilueBtriaTi atatue of Duke Victor Aniadens 1. [d. I63T]{ the statue 
la of bronze, the hoiee in marble ; below the latter are two slavea. 
The steps have recently beoii migntftueiitly embellished; among tha 
statues those of flmmanuBl Phllibert, by Corni, and Carlo Alberta, 
by Ytia, doserve special notice. The royal apartments arc generally 
accEsatbla In the absence of tbe king. 

The long S.E. wing ot the edilice (OalUria Beaumont) contains 
the •RoTii, ABMonBY [ArauTia Rtale; PI. 4; E, 2; eiilcrHd from 
the acuade, tirel door to the right when approanhed from thu palanc), 
opposite and to the N.E. of tbe Palaxio Madams. It Is open to the 
public on Sundays, 11-3 o'clock, and dally at the same hours by 
tickctB fiibtaitird between 1 1 and 3 o'clock at the oflice of tlie leore- 
tary of lhi> Viiii'niry, mi Ou- ground-floyr). Tbe colleotion 1* very 
■ ' 'I ill .I'lijiiijiUIr iirili'r ("custodian l/^-i fr.). 

lion oFaS b«l)o-«M, a nrnrrt citoEiii™ „, „r..™ 
nneljr DmmcDled helnvh of IbD lAlb ud IBtli 
a *8hlBld br BtimeimUi CtlUM [?), orabnued, uul I 
pceBSDliDg iHiwB (run itw wu ol MKriiu «nl>ui 
•via of «HiuiIr ire Uln»e of Ibe Brnelui '- " 
the leR Mi one on the righl. AdjBceal li 

uf St. UviHce, Ibe ubtw of Tipoo Sahib, elc. In tb<^ uablniit A u 

tbe top, tiA tnord oC tie tmperl&l Oensnl Jobknn t. Wcrth (d. iSCa 
bsirtng ft Oommi fnacripUon In Taree, 

Oaths floor below is tbc Peiv^te Luiuni upVivtkh Ruhauuil lnhon 
dully e-1), in wWth eeDgriLphiol, biilnriol, tnd genednetul wnrki bi 
parllcularly well Fcpraaenled. It ■Ian eontsiiu & valunble coUsetiim Of 
dnwinii |by Lctmardo, iKchacl Aitgela, anit KtiitlHiii mulenj. 

The F^ass Qaxian{piaTdaK Rtalc; Pt.E, ¥,1). entfii'iicl fram 
the truidD oppoaitH the FsUzed Msdama, is npen daily In atunmei 
(Ist Miy to lat OotOil-3, on SuDclnys ind fostivBls 12-2; mil- 
itsty mnalc, see p. 55. Fine view of the Supcrga. Connocted with 
the Qlardinn Iteile is a well - stocked ZoDtogical Garden {apsa 
the public Mod. and Thnre. ; to Btrsagurs dally on appiientlon 
St the palacul — The Cathedral, which adjoins the palace on the 

W.,BBBp. Gt. 

In the Puzzi Cariqnano , near the PiazEa CsBtello , to the S., 
liseB the FalazKO GuiBnuiD {PI. 3G; F, 3), with iU cutiouBhllqk 
DriumentatlDii, ert'Cted in ItiljO. The Sardinian Chamber of Depa- 
tioB met here from 1849 to IBRO, and the Italian Parliameiit from 
1860 to 1865. The handBome fa^aile at the bank , towaida the 
Flaxxa Carlo Alberto, was buitt in 1B71 fiamthe designs of Bollatf 

HiBToar CoiLKCTiuits (ormnrly in the Academj lopen lo the pnMle ei— 
waek-day iW, in winler 10-8J. Tha r-" - '- "■■•■>-' =— .-- - 

and Mvtcrotogieat SaUan. The fors 

the PalaronMoirfcal, OmtoaiBdL 
conlMbi a line arraj' oflSiS 
Isbrates or Italy amaKSd Ir " 
■ Una EoUeea 

sepaTale gaDerr. Tbii palRontoliigloal dlvlntaa 

of fO0SU moUunea froia the lerllary fonaallona , ahu \uv a&cicbunp ihib 
glgaotie armadillo cafupluiioN Clav^a) from Itio de la Plala, and nfber 
anlediluvian animals. 

In the Piazza Cadgnano , in front of the palace , slaudg the 
flnely-eieouted marble atatue of the philosopher and patriot Ohi- 
Serli (PI. 29), by Albrrbml, erected ii '""" 

The Piazza Caei.o Aj-bkhto {&. side of the Palaizo Carienano) 
ia emhelliahed with a bronze lunnameut of King ChurUs Albtrt 
(PI. 27J, designed hy Maroehetii, and cast in I^ndon. The pedettal 
stands on four alepa of Scottish granite ; at tho oonipra helow 
are tour mlossal atatHcs of Sardinian ftnViiets-, aJjo^o ftiam 
t/Jegerleal female figures , tepreBenUng Wa.rt.'jTiQni , 

In tlia siclnity, M the corner of the C«ri?iiaii 
Vtn cteir AoeadcmiB No. 4 , is the FbI&iid dell' Aooi ~~ 
Soinue(P1. 3; E, 3), eontslnlng a picture-gallery ai 
of iiMiir*! history and mtiqulties . To tha right on the G 
Floor are the Egyptian, Komtn, anil GrHek annlptorec ; 
FiBST Flodb., the smaller Egyptian antiquities; on the 
FtnuR (98 atepa^, tho picture gallery. These collertions a 
daily 9-3, idm. 1 fr.; on Snnd. 11-3, gratia. 

Mnunm of Astiqiiitlu (Mnua EgtslQ i M Anllchm OrBCO-BMumt). - 

riiLT. I. coBliInjIargcEgyvHaneplijim;!, Hi •"-- —^•-•— -- 

pllagi, reirsfgi over tho »)ttine Ufure uf Scac 
nor of Ihe celuliralgil Psriniiiii Egypliilni 
Bpypli™ atalneB and lale Greek wurka fliuod in BBIpl, i 

and Oljinpaj. ™ ' 

Th« &*u, Ahtiodities ■ 

elicB ana lerracollWi many of which ai 

pontlHuM of Pope Paul 111. (d. IU9) i™tbe VU]'a''ci^H»it]i' at'Koniii'^a 
tablet of broD«e vith hLerOflyplilcs and B^rca paHlally mlaM v^ifii 
silver. Anempla to decipher the ehnracteia ellcilad the most profound 

Egypt dcTWn to Ihe IBlh dynMtyl.diMovered hy Champolliun, Is alio pre- 

Toom aonUinlne antiqnltlea from Cyprsa. Beyood, on Ihe It/), ii the 

philoeophen 1 sluns the wlDdiiw-wall, bails of empemn; in tlic comer 10 
the leCl, colossal female head (YunuiJ, found at Alba In 1^39, bead of 

Dutlai ciead'i.t Meduiia, Mercury ind a youlh, 01ymv"» frnm the gn.ap 

a tripod and a 'SllennE, founil near Turin, Wad of dOieuIa', and "Hi- 
nsrva, found in the Versa near Stradelta in 1B29. 

The 'Vietaxt titllKj f Pinaeoteea) oonsUta of lb roome oon- 
taining opwarda of Mi paintings. This collection, heing of leoent 
dnte , cannot boast of ■ very diEtini^t character lilce mOHt of Ihe 
other Italian galleries : bnt it affordg the traveller an eic(<llent 
opportunity of hecomtng better acqnuinted with the works of 
Qaudaaio Ferrari (1484-1549), in which we nan diatinctln te"yt 
Leonardo's inspiration , conpled with ttie \^?i\iwtt, - -^ - -»"— ^-^ 

L " 
■ " 

■-■euiiaruu a luttt'^raiiuii , cuupjeu wiiu \at -vwwwasw pc mv >'"'.- ^ — IV>c 
Khoo! (Nob. 49 and 54). Sodomn ( Qio^o.iviv\ \tA™^<^ ?T*sa -•«*■ 
it>49}, who orifinally beiongei to Ael^TO^naiw^ws'v,"' 

G» Routt It TURIN. 

repreeeutud liy three pieUiret. Loremo lii Vredi'i (itl . 
donoft, No 10^, of iLis mMWr's best pcilod , ihowi (hit 1tfi>^ 
InQutmi ed by Leonnrdo. The Madonna delJi Teoda wae not pdiited 
by Raphael himself, aud tbu MtdouDt by Tilian is *1bo a copy, like 
so niuiy other piutaies in this gillery. NumerouH and imporUM 
wiuka at the old Nether! in di ah school, such m : 3ij9. Felrut Orif 
tiu! 35y. Mtmlitvi 3J0. Sketnh by ii»i'cn>,- 33!i, 351, 363, 384. 
Iiy Von Osofc- [CiUlogua 1 fr. 20 o.). 

I. GouK. Prlocei of Ihe Houiis of Saym anil billlc-pl«csa. BegilBbtt 
on the rlBbli ten of Ibc lialtlea fougbl b; Prlnca Ku^enit, lir 0>ictliB- 
tHnrA; llilfieen purtralta uf memben if the Home a( Svioj-. tU. HtriM 
Vtrntt, King Oisrlea Albert; 39, 9i. Cl0«l.- »), 30. Van Dftll *. Vaa 
BchHppin, Prince £uKenB on baraebsBk. 

ferraio', uf 'nu erual value. Sooii U.: -tS. OaudtiuiD ArroH, St. Velar 
and doDOF^ SO. Sgdoimi, UoIt family ; 00 bta. Macriiio if Alba, Hadoana tai 
ubita (llD2)i54.f->rrari, Descent fKimlbeCcosa. Rooii 111.: -U. SadoMa, 
Hadonna andaalnU. KooxlV.^ 90, Landiwpe byJfaiHiae-rAiieUe (d.HSS). 
V. Booh. S3. Fra Anfilica di /VikjIc (7), Hsdnnna; Si, 116. AdiniiiK 
angela, by tbe aame ; 97, PoUn/uoia, Tolibu and lbs angeJ ; 96. Awiliv 
BBtUam, Stunc subject; »9. Hadoiua, with Chrijii anA mneoli, by Un 

CUnd: 106. a«im.pdi(ri' Holy yamilyi lUS bis. After Rapba'cl, Porlrail of 

u the Palaiio Pilli 
. Hadonna and Jobn ibe 

Bsnilst, IIB. mrolami Sw-iliio. Half 
Family: 131. Ffiaciab^tt' , AnniincialiuP', 1^. Frafu:. /'fmi, Gitix] coijy 
asm ofBBphDarsEntun>bni.<nt in tbe Palaiio Borgbeno at Riimf; mbia. 
Oiuvlii, finlnrnbrnenli 139. After Tilian, an uli) cop^, Pupe Pant 111,; 180. 
Pmrit BarOiMc, Portrait of a lady. 

VI. Book. 132. Bmifaae, Hr>], Faodlf; 137, 13B, 142, 143. Stdna 
BtMamni. Hytbologleal acen«; 140. AtOothb BaiiU, PrewnUtion id tlt# 
Temide; Oa. Si<ialdB MaHlavaio, Ood the Fatber, 'lal. Paola Vmntn, 
The Qugen of Sheba bafura Solomoni iSH. AanUvIt Cvracd, SI. Pe»«ri 

Ifil. A,^i,a«ni«. HiKictan. 

Saialocelilo, 6t. 

'■"' '"--if, atif 

^s by Comlaiitin of Geneva, copied tram 
celebrated oclelsaln ; jtuoa ilttia /Ipbhn, Adoration of tbe Infaul SaTltntn. 

IX. RouH. Fniil and flawer-p!e<:eB; 221. by Uigwxi, 33B. by Be jEThM, 

— Tben a ciirridur witb inferior works. 

X. Rooii. =934. Kiolo CerDiuM, Mary Magdalene waabine [he SaviOHV* 
feel-, 230. Umdo Sent, Qtouji of Oupldai237, 238. /'uwKfl, Waterfall, Oi»- 
eadea n( Tiroli , 239, 242. BBerHao, S. Fraaceaca, Eece Uomo , 2U, (InNp 
GnUlticlii, Annunciallon i 2B1. Slnni, Homer. _ 

SI. Rook. 257. 2S6. 8aiia/irrato , Madonnan, the Brat railed 'ddS 

- ■ "0, M, 271, 274. JLOiiMi, The four Blomenta 5,a76._Carlo ftrfrf, fr 

with tbe akulU 174. apofmltttB, 9t. Jcmmei 1T7, ITS, 
and the hermaubrodIt« : ii& bia. Cbrlst at 
>1 In the L<mvre 

Ion; 309. Adoration of IHe Uagi in tba atyle of JUtroti. Botch (tUh 
.): hia.Brugft, Portrait of QalvinU)-, 322. Paul Bril, Landacapai Sft 
:, Wnrriomi ^3SB. Fan Duct, Cblldren of Charles I. or Kneiandi WL 
flt. Sketch of hia apolheoala of Henry IV. in the VtUti; BBI'T^ 

■y, the ew^ 

int. Eoou, cuDl^aiolDg tlic gema of the ci>IlECtlon:__3^. Xa 

tUn kia4 maeh i 

Uad^'UDHi "303. Van Dait, Prince TLi 
O. Tenters, ■]:Avein;3e&. IFiniHcnnrlu, Ob 
1^ l-oHH^er ThGDiaiite-lcisoiii 369. Sa 

H at Hmiith); ?7&. DonaUHt. !taaoaBl"leii^f)rST6"k^i„^ . ..u«c,.. 
kllllflg benelf: ■977. /^i«I /'i>lln'll6t9), Cst.tla grHlDg; BT7b<s. Joh Litem, 

am ft-nm iflB* , Pnrlrnil of himBptf-, 3sb. Jaa Briughtt, QuBy ; -Ssl 
bU. MuriUB. CipUBlin? -881. Fnn Occ*. Boly FHnily, by fer Ihc fineil 
wiirk of U)L< mutar In Itnly, iiainted unAer Iho inflDence of Titisn; 3S3. 
Hmthorii tOXtrardo drtle Naiii), Gsnuun oTereome .by iho Philiaiincsi 
'3fl8. H. Solbtin, Furtrill or Brumns; 38B. J. E^idael, I/uidBBspr-, 
301. Otnwd Dm, Oir) plucklne erspea; 392. Ve!atqiui, Fblllp IV, of 
SpBin i 39S. Ri-bau I?), Holy Fimil; ; 39i. C. JViurfjr, SoiMon-grinder. 

Xiy. Room. UO. FlorU. Ailar&Kcm of (lie Mii|!> ; llT. «fAmI D/il««M, 
Bnldier itnd £iri; 12D, WgvwmiaH, lInT3«-iDBr1ieli 13fi. Oernrd 0iiu, Por- 

PlBveriL 4fiO.'ficl>ool of Smlira'idl'! Porlrait of s Ksbb^; 156. fiMaltin. 
Oid HoiDsn; 110 bia. UuriUo, Pcprlriil of s buy. 

SV. Book. ITS, IBS. CToud. iorroto, L.ndscipcH i ISl. Beargm<r«><; 
BklUs; 184 t>i>. Nlllthtr, Porlnil of MnliW. 

The spsciDna PU7Jii 8. Cablo [PI, E, 3; 587 ft. long, and 
26i ft, widel, which adjoins the Atadomy, is emhelliKhed with the 
equestrian 'Statoe of Emmaiiael Fhilibert (P].'2B^, Uukeuf S&yoy 
(d. 15801, HiiruBinod 'THt dt Fer', in hronze, dtsigned by Maro- 
chelli, and plsi;ed on a pedestal of graiilto, with rollpfs at ttie aideB, 
On the W. Bide the Battle of St. Quentin , xain^d by tho duhe 
under Philip II. of Spain aeainst the Frniinh in i567 ; on the E, 
side tha Peaoo of Cateau-Cambrtfsia (1558), by whioh the duchy 
was restored (o the House of Savoy. The duke ae 'pncem reifdilunM' 
is in the aet of sheathing his sword (Ms armour preserred at the 
armoury is planed in the same attitude). 

TheTiiBoMAleBiJa from the Piazza S. Carlo to (N.) the Piazza 
CaBt«llo (p. 56), and (S.) to the PiatJ^a Carlo Felieo (p. ■63) 
and the railway-station. — To the left in the Via dpll' Oapedale is 
the Exchange fPl. 6 ; F, 31, nnd adjoining it, a Idtisen Indwtriale 
Italmno (PI. 34 ; F, 3), with a teuhnologiual wller.tioii. Farther ou 
is the large Otptdalc S. Oionnnni Battl/ita (PI. 35; F, 3) with 5d7 
beds. — The cross-street leads in a N. dlrpctloo tn llic Piazza 
Caslu Kkanublf II. (PI. F, 3), with a handaome *HoimmeDt to 
Cavonr (PL "je) , by Z)upr( of Florence, prectpd lit 1W7:i : irRlpfiil 
Italy presenting the oivic crown to Gavour, uhn buM-^ n i^itoII in Ms 
left hand with the famous words 'libera i.ibii'-;i in li]ii'r,< -.i., t<i' ; (ho 
pedBBtal ta adorned with allegorical HgurfB "C .1 u-iiii.. liui^ I'uliny, 
and Independent; the reliefs represent the ntarn u\'thr S?ri)liiiaii 
troops from the Crimes, and tha PaHa ConKroas. — In the Vis 
CavoBT, at the oonier of tho Via Lagrange, la the house (PI. 7) III 
whioh Count Cayour was born in 1810 (d. 1861), with a memorial 

Adjoining the Pal«/.w Reale (j. hT\ ow «m>^ - *>*■■? *X^»-i 
aahadral of S. (/iaaanni BaUAiia (TfX. W', IS., T-^. ■msWH"™-'- 

ol' three tncieut ohurobe« erected in 1402-Bd bj IHiTd 

{ot Florence, from Bimio Finlullf's design ?], with ■ nurrUo fk^ide 

in the BenaissBnce style. 

The Intnin coniiaU of & nive ud «l>1e>. s tnnKpI, and tn oeta- 
Eon>l dome in the uenlru, llv« tbu W. fiirUI li a cupy <•[ Lwaudu d> 
Vinoi'a Lut Snppsr (p. 130). Uror Ibn lecgnd tlitt un the riEbt drs IB 
iCDIdl pictnrss, blickeoud wllb tge, br tk/ermri (iiiil Alb. liiirer), Fna- 

Of the high >llar. 

Behind Ihe bigti slUc is liluated the 'Oiippalli dal SB. Bndnis (open 
dniing moniing dum till S o'cluck). approiohcd by 37 atepB lo the rfsht 
of the hleli Kit&r. coialmeud la the ITlb cenl. by Ibe TbeftUas monk 
pel i>r dark brown marbko, coutrutiHg 
, wpitrattd (rum tbe cbulr by > elus 
FulItiuD, tnd covered witb t curiouily ibsped dume. Thit !■ Ihe bnrfal- 
chspel of tbe Dnken of Savoy, and wu embelllghed by King Cbariu 

PMUbtvl (d. ISaU), 'rwlitntur imperil', by Man 
1B56) 'qal mngno animo italicua liherlatemarmli aduniilDeaptliu dllBl< 
cars rtestilLt ljuam vivere", by OaMlali CAorlti JftHnunul //, (d, IBISj, 
by PruccSTCrlii Amadiiu Yllf. [d. 1451), by Cacclatorl. The elupid »Lw 
canUlna the inarble monument of th<i laU Queen of SnrdinU ifiMa 
AOihMt, cmuort of Victor Emmanwit (d. 18661, by KeveUi. The peeiUM 
lialit Staia abuve enbauctii the ufTecl. In a kind of urn over tha allar i> 
pmerved Ike SS. SsdaHo. or pad of the liaen cloth [□ which Ihe boir 
Df Uia Savieor U luld to have been wrapped. — Tbe door in Hu outM 
lead) lo the upuer currldora nf the royal palace, wbleh are need u ■ 
poblle thoroughfare. 

Oorpni Dnninl (PI. 12; E, 2), not far bom the cathedral, wm 
erected In 1607 by Vitetu, and derived lt« name from a mireote of 
the Host In 1453. The church was restored in 1753 hy Count 
Alfleri, then 'deourioiie' of the city, and UYisMy dacoratod with 
marble, gilding, and paiiitlnga. — lu the adjacent church of S. 
SpiritO, RauaaeBU, «hen an eiilo from GeiiBia, st the age of 16j 
was Bdmitted within the pale nf the Romau (Jatholia Chanih in 
17%, but he again piofesaed hlmselr a convert to Calvliiiam at Qg^ 
ueva in 17&4. 

The P&laiEo di CiOk (Fl. 37; E, 2), the Beat of the mo- 
nicipslity, and containing a library, was erected in 1H69. Tha 
Piazu in front of it is adorned with a monumont to Amadtai VI, 
(PI. 36), Burnamed the 'cutite uerde', the conqueror o( tha Tiukl 
and testoror of the imperial throne of Qreece fd. 1383J, a brouM 
group deetgned by Palagi, and erected in 1853. The tuatble itn^ 
tues tn front ot the porttuo of tho Palaizo di Citti (towii-h»U) of 
(1.) fl-mne Ev,gme (p. 66; d. 1736) and (r.) JVinoe FeT^nmi 
(a. 1855), Duke of Genoa and btolher of Victor Emmanael, wau 
erected in 1853; that of King Charlea AacTt(_A. 1S49) in the M- 
lonnade to the left waa ereoted in 1859 ; that of King Victor Smf~ 
manuei, to the right, in 1860. Opposite these statuea are aeieral 
Memorial Tablets bearing reference to tbe late wars and snnexlitieiM. 

In tbe PiAzzi Sivoii (PI. D, 11 lUeti tl\e 'Muminwnto .Sia- 
eardi-{pi. 32), an obolisk 75 ft. inlteigW, eiecwilmVWAw wwp- 

erected 1 

VnivrT'ity. TORIN. H. ffyii 

nii>mocate llie abolition of ccclcsiaitionl jurlsdlutlgn, named 
Siacardi, mlnlatec of juatlie, on whoafl Buggestion it was erected 
with the floiment of tho king and ChomliPra. The names of all thi 
towiiB irhiflh eoiitribnted to th<s erentluu of the muiiumetit, arc in- 
scribed on the nolumn. 

The Via della CoiiaolBta leads henep to the ehnieh of — 

IaOoB*alate(FI. 11 ; D, 1), ROntslning a highly levered Ha- 
dniina , and formed by the nnion nf three ohurnhesj the pioBent 
Gtructuie in the 'baroque' style of the ITth cent. , was erected by 
Oimrini In 1iiT9, and deeorated by Juvarn in 1714. The ehapel to 
the left below the dome ooiitains tlii' kneeling statues of Matfa 
Theresa, Queen of Charlea Albert, and Maris Adelaide, Qneen of 
Victor Eramanuel (both of whom died in 1856), ere.rted in 18G1 . 
The passage to the right of the church in hung with votive pio- 
luTRs. — The piazza adjoining tha church Is adorned with a granite 
oolurou surojouiited with a statue nf the Virgin, erefltod ill 183S to 
commemorate the cBasatlOD of the cholera. 

Keturniiig to tlii' I^al^za Savoia and nroising the Ooiao Sioeardl, 
we reach the new OUrdiao dellK Citodelta (PI. D, % 'A'), where sU- 
tiles were erected in 1871 to Bro/ferio [i. 1886), the pnet and 
orator, and in 1873, oii the opposite corner, lo the jurist J. B. 
Casaini. — Farther on, in the triangular Piazis Pietro Mice* (P!, 
D , 3") , at the corner of the Via della Cornaja, is a moniiraent In 
bronie , ereoted in 1881 !n memory of Piclfo Mieca , the brire 
'aoldato minatore', who at the sacritlce of bis own life saved the 
clUdel of Turin, on 30th Aug., 170B, by springing a mine when 
the French RreiiadlBrs had already advanoBd to thp very gates. 
Nearly opponiV' rises the statue of Count Alex. La Marmora (d. 1855 
in the Crimea). 

The Puzo. SuLmBiNO (PI. D , E, 3) is embelliahed with an 
equestrian statue of DUkt t'trdinand of (imua (p, 62), by Bal- 
tieo , erected in 1877 ; the prince is repreaentcd as comininding 
at the battle of Novara. 

In front of the imposing rentriil Staiion fp. 54; I'l. E, 1, 5) 
extends the Piazza CarIiO Fglicg, in which it is Intended to erect 
a colosBsl monument in memory of the completion of the Moat 
Cenis tnnnel. The bconze statue of Mastimo d'AccgHo, the patriot, 
poet, and painter (d. 1866), by Baltieo , was cast at Munich, audi 
erected in 1873. This Urge pituza ia adjoined by two smaller 
ones, the Pirieu PiUtotapa to the W. , adorned with the atatae 
of the minister of the same name [PI. 31), and the Plasta La- 
grangt , with the statue of Count Lagrange , the mathematician 
(d. 1813 at Paris; PI. 30). 

In the Via ni Po fp. 56) which leads « V'aa % :^. Uowv ■i>!*-«\»-->.-'*- _ 
Castello, on the left, ia theTJni'WOTSvtj VV^-^"^ • '^ ''^'^^ "^'*'^^'""«sa 
•OMO oourt In the late BenaUaawce 6Vi\e , -wSS^ ^""'^ "'^ 

()4 R(«(e «. TlIlllN. 

■bnvB ihe othur. U raiilaiiiB k !UuKi> Liipidaria 
quitiei, chUDy InBuipilunB. Mtrlilo stai 
to Toflo Ktmrauele ill,, ami to FitMrjo Amailto II. (at tlie en- 
tmnoe), to Pmf. Bihtrii^. IBei), nndDr. t. GnUo (d. 1857). On 
th« rorridoT of the Hrst flnot sre biiils of <;fl1ebnited prufetsais and 
t largp BUeHortul group preseiilrd b; Vinlac Smnmnacl. The I/t- 
irary (open to the publio daily, 8 s.iii. to 6 p.m. in aumtnpr. and. 
9-4 anil 7-10 p.m. Ill wtiJter; closed lii Snpt.^, numbura ^00,000 
voU. and njiitaiiiB & iiiinibar of Tiluiblo mamiMripte fnim Bobblo 
■lid rare edittyna |Aldi\ ITie Unl-«ftiliy (fbundod In 14M) hai at 
preeont a stalT nf 85 pnifeeaora. anil numben about 1500 stiidenU. 

Ho. 0, 10 the right in the Via dell' Aecidsmia Albcrtlna, It tbe 
Aoeademia Altagrtina dalle Salle Artl fPl. 1; F, 3; ahixm on «e«k- 
il^yB on payment of a foo). It rotitaliia a imill colleittlon of pi«- 
turea; amoiigthemaMadoniiaaBni-tbedtoRapbaoI, a uartoonbyLMtl. 
da Vlnot, and 34 cnrtoonB by Qaudenzio Forrail. 

The Via Montcbello , the next croeB-atieet, leads to the new 
Bjaagogna (Pi. 47; O, 1), begun by Antonelil Id 1B63, but ftfter- 
warda dlscontlnned for laclt of funds, and now being flnlahed at 
the expenae of the city; it ia a square building re aenibMng atOTIBtt 
Kith a singular fa^de lylnslellng of seiprsl rowa of mlumna, voA 
via when flnished be the loftiest in Turin {354 ft.). 

In the Via dl Oaiidenzio Ferrari , No. 1, ia aitnated the Vsim 
OiTiM (PI. 33; F, 2), nontainlng tlie dvio eolleiMioiiE (open to the 
public on Sun. and Thtira. 11-3, on other days by paying a fee of 
1 ft.]. These collentlona eompriee othnologirai and ptehiatoric ob- 
jnctB, medlflival scnlpturea and a ropy of the Bnnenianc (gronnd 
Boor), modern pnintings and Ei^alpCnres (first tloor), iind amall ob- 
jeots of medieeval and RenaiBianne ait, palntinga and mementoes 
of Massimo d'Azcglio, and an interesting ('.ollection of itainod glaas 
(aecoud Door). 

The former Oinrdina dei Uipari , on Hie site of the old forUft^ 
nations , Is now superseded by new streets and squares in counw 
of eonstrao.tion. The squares in this new quarter nre adorned wJUi 
several monuments, suuh as thnt to the Dictator of Venliie, dm- 
irUManin (A. 1857), beyond the Ospedale S. Qiotannl Battlsta, 
represonting the Republic Voni™, holding in her rigiit hiind a 
palra-brancti, and leaning, with her left, on Che medallion portrait 
of Manin. Also sUtues of Cesiire Balbo {d. 15U3'), the miniater uid 
hiatorian. of ISava, the Pleduioncuse general, and, noarer tke 
Plazia Maria Teresa (PI. Q, 3), of OenEral (Juyl. Pepe (d. 18&3), 
the brave defender of Venir.e in 1849. 

An avenue leads from the Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, along Oa 
bank of the risor, to (he chain-bridge (PI. G, 41, ronstrnctBd In 
1840. In the Via 8. Laizaro, diverging to the right, is situated the 
uhiin^li of — 

S- Maatimo (Fl. 15; F, G, 4), buitt,lui?A^-'alV\WJiie»».-5\i».'«* 

Cemflfry. TURIW. 

llomaii tumple, aiinnDiiiited by n ilome. The fafaile h adciniHtl'V 
statues of tlie Four Eviiigulista. Oood uioderij freBcoee in the IiH- 
terior, and Bevual statuea by Albettoul. 

In tbe Goisu del Rb, whioh lends (ram the irou bridge to thti 
FiszKB Carlo Felice, on tbe left, is thu haodaome Proteilant Chnreh 
(Tempio Valdtttf PI. 18, F 4; see p. 6(5), cduipletad In 1854, the 
first erected at Turin since tlie estsiblisbment of KHgious toleration 
In 1848. 

A favourite promenade, eapeeialiy in the evening. Is the 
ITnoTD CHardino Pnbblioo (PI. G, 4, I}), above tbe Iron bridge on 
tbe left bank ot the Po {Citi). It comprises the Balanleal Oardai, 
and oilonde beyond the royal Ebateau Jl VaUnlino , a tucreted 
buUiling ot tbe 17tb cent,, now ocenpled by the Polyttelmie 
School ('Scuola auporiore d'appllcaziune dcgli Izigegneri'). In the 
adjacent Corso MaBaimo d'Aaeglio is the Tiro A'ationale , a nell 
equipped rifle-range. 

Opposite tbe spacious Piaiia Viltorio Emanuele (see p. 66; 
PI. 0,3) tbe Puts crossed by a Briiljje of five arnhes, constrnnCed of 
granite In IBIO. (Above the bridge ire the swimming-baths, p. 55,) 
lieyond the bridge, on the right bank of tbe river is a flight of 32 
stops ascending to the apacloua dotne-ohureh of Snui M&dre di 
Die (PI. 14 1 U, 3), ereeted In 1818 in imitation of tbe Pautbeon 
at Rome, 10 coromemaTste the return of King Victor Emmanuel I. 
Ill 1S14. The groups sculptured In atone on tlie flight of steps are 
embleinatlCBl of Faith and Charity. The lofty coloaina ot the por- 
tico are monoliths of granite. — A. few hundred yards farther is the 
Vitia lUUo Begina , now a school for the daughters of ofliccrs nho 
ha«e falleii In battle, commanding a tine view otthe town. 

Following the Via di Monv.alierl to the right, we reach the 
woodud bill OD which rises the Oftpnahin XODMteiJ , 11 Monle 
(PI. H, 3, 4), i/ihr.'a walk from the bridge. Two paths ascend 
the hill, the wider of whivh, to the left, U preferable, being shady 
and uiipaved. The terrace in front ot the chDreb (which should bs 
visited in the morning, as the evening light Is dazxllng) commsnds 
a line 'Survey of the river, city, plain, and the cbaiii ot thu Alps in 
the background, above which (right) the snowy aninmlt ot Motilo 
Rosa (15,217 ft.) la prominent, then the Grand-Paradis (13,780 ft.), 
and Monte Levtiuia (11.942 ft.); farther W. the valley of Saaa 
(p. 24), S. Mlcbele della Cblosa (p. 34}, rising oonspicnoiisly on 
a hill (1042 ft.), above it the Itocbe-Melon (ll,<il)Oft.) to the right 
of .Mont Cenli, and farther S.W. Monte VUo (12,070 ft.), lliis 
hill of the Capucbiiii has always been a point Of grvit importance 
in the military history of Turin, and was fortilled down to 1802, 

J [CampoSatUo, open W-4 dt\. Vw-«'«A»tN 
weather; In March and April 1-b-, U\ BMrnsoBi Vfevw*"* 
001.2-4 only; single cab fato^, \l|,M.lJi.¥.. o^^a**^*"?* 

SouU 9. IVEEA. 

ttom the Foute delle Bennit b; i stasily ivenne (fl ^ 

lusa. Bee p. 6S), deaervea a liaU. Thi^ front part is enelmMM^ 
a w»U with Brohis, while iho niofe iiileraHtiiig purlioii beyond ij 
aurrouiidtid by ircsdes cnvereJ with Bmall domes. Tu the left by 
the wall ill the lirst wctloii is the tomb of Silvio PtUico (d. IBMJ; 
ill the other aeotioii we observe the namaB of many celebrateil 
modeta Italiuis, such u d'Aatglto, Baea, Brofferio, Uioberti, Pepe, 
and Finelii. A lepttate sfice uii the N. side is reBurved tor t^ 
lutenuent of noU'RomaiiistB. 

TbB 'Hap«ca (3&K ft.), the rujal burial-cbunib , a budioDB iMIlm 

■ltd on * hill lo Ibe E. al Turin, is well wonby uf » visit, ud eoramandi 
a iplendld view (Dnmp. the Hip. p. 56). The buUd)D« wai b««aa in ITtS, 
[mm dr»igiu> by /•»ara, and wh cuinpleUid in 1731 (tlaimi 12^}. A4- 

Ji^°»a'u>at IbT'^muiu battle of Turin bslwucn 'llie llaliani and Vieach 
'might, 7lb »^Dt. 1706, la whloh Ihe laller wen ilgnally i ' 


and by vhilb Ibe iToiue of 

Savoy regained 

the Uuehy, which wu ctaaCnl 

n kingdom in t&e Peace at 

Ulreclil. 1713. 

It la »)d Ibat Prince Bu«Bne 

oflbe battle, and thai, ob» 

nenli, be ubser.ed ioVk 

Anu^ui 11. 

'Jl nit imili, «w at psu-M 

n Ihi. <»:casioi> vowed lo er»t 

T'obar^rli 'r°'"'i'B' bontn'r" 

"'the Vi'rgln," 

n ca<c ot hi> -ucceM in the 

bailie. An annual tbankagiv 


ee eood boom 

far as tbe llaja<ma del HtaH, 

BbOBl 1 M. below Turin, whers donkoya 

lomordft, l-3fr.iB.aT be «n- 

mted for tte aaeani of lb 

r«i carriage from Turin kBd 


I iHE W'lLi.EaflKi ( vmUet Van- 

iMhiJ, Hllendlne along Ibo yrandb hon 

ier, about 3D U. to the S.W: 

The well-known and InU 

resting Prolell 

nl conununjliei (about 9t>,UW 

Wals) who h»Te occupied 

r eUO years, have ileadllT*^ 

ck lliey w«re 

ormerly so cruelly pernoouteil! 

T„rtn loPlp««a&Ul. ««- 

nlii; in l>/a hr. (farea 3fr. 


daUj U ihr. Ctars Hr.; 

here and back V/, Ir.1 lo Jm 

Tmt, llal. Twc ftlM«, 
lbs Ehief of Ibeie coinmunil 

oruierly Torre 
e>, wbfeh poas 


IrMi, a ilrongly toiiified 


M-.MI Omirrt and the Fi«iu>b 

rorlresg of Briiafon in Iha 

loFly valley o 

Iba Jiara«a. At CcHiuie IhU 

road UBllei with Ibat frmn 


9. From Tmiii to Aosta. 

ea (39 M,1 in 

a brj, (torr, 7fr. 6, 4fr. 96, 

3fr. 4Bc.i. Diuoai«:B tbcp 

From Tii7i,i to (,18 M 

1 ChhOO, B 

ee'p, 69. Uetweeii the ie- 

pressioua of the lower m 

ui>taiiiB th,: a 

owy aummitH of the Orand- 


fanliBc W th 

E., Monto OOM iB viHtble. 

At Cbivaaao carriagea 

are r.baii^ed. 

— 22M, MonlonSro, 27 M. 

CaiiMO, and 27 M. Slrambino, villageB of some importano 

39 U. IVTin (76^ fl.; Eurr^pn, in the Uota promeiiadfr; 
*l/iu-ver»iij, » town with 9300 luhali., U gi.cwtBt>vitVj wVaaWA ise. 

VEBKEX. 9. Route. * 

the Dora BaUea (Frenoh Voire), on the slopa of u. 
an extensive and nell-pceserted sncleiit CaaiU, with tbiee lofly 
towers of biick, nov a prison. Adjacent is the modern Cathtd/ral, 
the interior of which wae reEtored iti 1U55. An ancient sariuphigus 
adorns thu adjoining Piuza. IvcHa vaa the aneient Eftmdia, 
which tma ooloniaed by theKumana, B.C. 100, in ordi^r to oammand 
the Alpine roales over the Great and Little St. Bernard. Pleasant 
walk to the Madonna dti Montt (pilgrimage ohurch) ami the Uke 
of S. Oitutppe with a ruined monastery (1 hr.). 

iTrea may be regoFdad as one of the S. gateways to the Alps. The 
luxuriantly fertile valley, here 1 '/a M. in breadth , ia Ilankyd willi 
mountains of considerable height. The lioAu skirts the i>orii 
Balita the whole way to Aosta. On a height to the right stands 
the well-preserved, pinnacled oaatle of MoataUo (a waterfall near 
it]; several other ciUns crown the hills farther on. Thu vines 
which clothe the slopes are carefully cultivated. The roail leads 
through the villages of SttLimo-Viltont and Cartma. At — 

11 M. (from Ivrea) Pont St. Hmrttn (Rota Roiaa) the road 
crosaea the Lyi torrent, which descends from Monte liosi. The bold 
and slender bridge which crosses the brook higher up is a Koaiaii 
structure. This and the mined oaatle here are moat pictureaque 
features in the landscape. Several Ibrgea are sttnated on the bank 
of the Dora . 

Heyond Doanut thu road aacends rapidly through a profound 
dedle. On the left flows the river, on the right rises a precipitous 
rock. The pass la terminated by the picturesque *Fort Bard (1019 
ft.], whieh stands on a huge mass of rock in a most commanding 
position. The fort was taken in 10o2 by Duke Aniadeus of Ssvoy 
After a long and determined siege , and lu May , 18(H). before the 
battle of Marengo, it waamost gallantly defended by 400 AnBtrians, 
who kept the whole French army in rheok for a week. 

Thu new road, hewn in the solid rock, no longer leads by the 
village of Bard, hut follows the course of the Dora, below the fort. 
On the left opens the Vol di Camptireltra, or Champoreher. 

I'J M. Teriez (1279 ft.; Enu dt Fraiux, as PotUi *Couronne) 
lies at the enttaiiea of the (t.) Val dt ChaUant. 

The valleys of Aosta and Susa (p. 24) were alternately oocu- 
pied by the Franks and the Lombards, and belonged lor a coii' 
Biderable period to the Franconian Empire, iu oonsequeiice of which 
the French language still predominates in these Italian districts. 
Bard is the point of iransitiou from Italian to French, while at 
Verrei the latter la spoken almost exclusively. 

Above Verros the valley expands. The ruined castle of St. 
Oermam, loftily situated, soon conies into view. The roiid ascenda 
through the long and sloep 'Defile of MontjOTiel, TRie. vi^k-'^w";^ 
passage is snpposud to have been mV^'tvvaW'i wjw.WNVt'*-*!- ""^^ "'■ 
Jiouaui. The Doire forms u Bucoeaawft ol •«»\teiWN.» ""i ^^ ■^**' 

m BouU S, AOSTA. 

ehuniiel far b«1ow. I'he Bmall village of Mon^oMl, ' 
Of vhlch Iha iravellur Inoks down frnin tb? rou) . appeira to ellng 
prenariously ts the racks. The ttiBtlo of St. Ocrmitti is tgtln 
visible from aeversl diifereat pointa of »ie«. 

As soon as the region nf Ihe valley In vhkb Aoku is Bitnaled 
ia entered, a grand and piotureaqae landscape, enhanned b; the 
riebeit vegetation , is diadosed. The Poni de> Snlaittiu (lee 
balov), ■ bridge erosaing a profound ravine, nomniands a magntO" 
cent view. On tbe left rises tKe oascle of VfielU. 

Near St. Vlncmt (Lion i'Or; Koii do Ftanne) ia a mineral 
spring and batb-establlsboient. Tben [tl/i M. fartfaer) — 

271/: M. (llJ,tiaimli73& lt.i Hdtti dt Londra i LiontTOr, poor), 
the capital of this district, possessing a number of forges and hand- 
aome houses. To ibe N. opens the Val TouTTtancht, thtongh wMck 
■ bridle-path leada to the Thoodnle Paai (10,899 ft.) and Zematt 
(see Batdtket's SieiUtrlanil), 

The road ia abided by walnut and chestnut-tree a and trellluid 
vines. The wine of PhmrJm'Bt, about 3 M. from Chitillon , ia one 
of Ibe beat In Piedmont. A sllgbt eminence here commands an 
impOBing retrospect ; to the E. rise several of the snowy aunimita at 
Honte Roea, on the right the Castor and Pallm iLu Jumeimx), on 
the left the Imld peak of the Matterhorn and the Theodnle Ftsa (iob 
above). ITie bsckgroiiiid towards the W. is fbrnied by the tripla- 
peaked Ruitor. 

To the left, at Ihe entrance of the valley of Chambate, atanda 
the pictureaqno castle of Fenu, The poor village of Nvt, with 
fragments of an old castle, lies midway between Chatilinn and Aosta. 

A fliotpath leads from ViUefranehc to the castle of Quart on the 
httl above (now a hospital) and descends on the other aide. Beaa- 
tiful view from the summit. 

42 M. Aoita (1912 ft.; 'HBlel dv MonlbUmc, at the upper end 
ot the town, on the road to Courmsyeur ; Counmne, In the marketr- 
place), the Augitftn Protloria Salamorum of the IComans, now tliB 
capital (7800 Inbab.) ot the Italian province of that name, lies at 
the TOntiuenoe of the BuUltr and the Doire, or Dora Baltca. The 
valley was anciently inhabited by tho Salassl , a Celtic race , who 
commanded the passage of the Great and the Little St. Bernard, 
the two moit important routes from Italy to Oaul. They frequently 
harassed the Romans In various ways, and on one occasion plon- 
dered the mfTera of Cesar himself. After protracted struggles the 
tribe was Unally extirpated by AugostciB , who is said to have 
captured the whole of tbe survivota, 36,000 in number, and to 
have sold them as slaves at Eporudla. He then founded Assta to 
protect tbe highroads, named it after himself , and garrisoned ll 
with 3000 soldiers of the Prslorian cohorts. The antiqnities whiah 
atfU teatity to its ancient Impotlaunii are t\te T<ncn WoUi, flinked 
with strong towera, the double S. Gate, losemWin^lVe.'SOT'ui'e.Vpk 

CniVASaO. to. Routt. 

at Treves lii miiiitluTe, n miguUloent TriumpKai Arch 
at huge blooks and iilonied. with ten GocinthUn balf-columni, the 
hslf-borieii neh at a bridge, the mlna of a bMlliua, eto. The prin- 
cipal reliea msy be seen in '/j hr. Wo tollow the principal street 
towards the E., and soon reach the Roiuau Gate and the Trium- 
phal Amh. Proceeding from tha latter In a etraight direction we 
niOBB the new bridge oypr the BuMrer, a few paces beyond which 
is the lioman Bridge, at Drat siiarcely recognUable, the canstruolion 
of which is best seen by descending and passing helow it. 

The modprti Cathedral possesses a singnlar Portal , with froS' 
vaet; aboTS it the Last Supper In terracotta, gandilji painted. 
Near the ohuroh of St. Ovri are cloistera with handsome oatly 
Konianeaque DolumnB. Modem Tovin Sail in the spacious Piaiza 
Carlo Alberto, or marltot-plaoe. 

Tba °B«u di Nona (10,a&l tl.), wliich riien lo tlia S. of Aaala, cuin- 
mandi a guperb ilew of the Alps. Good brldlc-patli to the lammlt. Two- 
Ihlnlfluf Ibe wn; up Is the Alp OiwibDi (simple tBro); on Ihs lup ii a new 

^um AMti avet the Awl 31, Btmanl to MarUgn^ (p. 3U, ■"'< '"« 

10, Prom Tnrui to MUan by Novara. 

931;, M. EiiiwAi in3»/.-5Vi hrs. (turei 17 fr., 11 fr. 90, H fr. 6 

The sfbIh nn the left affurd occaHUnal glimpies or Ihr Alps. — Slatloua 

The Dora Sipatia U crossed, then the Sittrn between ststions 
Siitcwrtalt dl Torino and SAiimo (whence a tramway rtina towards 
the N. lo Rinarolo). and beyond it the Malm and Oreo, all tribu- 
taries of the Po. — 15 M. Branda%a. 

IB M. ChiTUM (Morn) lies near the influx of the Orm into the 
Po. Branch-line hence la Ivrta, see p. C6. Beyond stat. TutrniHt 
di Vcrolan the Corn Baltea ("p. 67), a torrent desoendlng from 
Mont Blanc, iserossed. Swio\a Saltiggia, lAvomo, Bianii, and 

37 M. Santhih posaeisus a ahnrah, restored with taste in 181)2, 
and oontaining a picture by Gaod. Ferrari In ten sections. 

BbjlUch-Linr to Bislla, IS'/, M.. in i hr. by Solowla, Kwimaieo, 
BaniigKam, and CoKdels. — SleDa lAlber^ dilln Tula Brifia: Albtrea 

arcades and it fine calbedral In a spaclonn Platia', where the' epiacupal 
palace and Hminary ve also silualcd. The palaces of the old town, rtilng 

ed pilgrimags church of the Ifuildiina tTOrojx., 8 M. farther up' the valley 

The train iklrts the high road. ^ iO'/a M. 8. Oermano. 

49'/a M. Teroelli (Tn Be; LcoiKdOro), an episcopal reaUltvsR. 

with 38,000 inhablUnts. The ohuroh o( a,CT»^^<(m< "--- 

tures by O. Ferrari and B. Lan\u\ , 'b'j ft\e ^oh&ct » 

ora In an orch«rd. S. Calerina a\ao iK>\iWUii »■ 

Thn library nr thit nitbeilril noiitains i number ot lire uid anetonl 
H9S. A at&tue of Cavour wis crrBU>d in the markt-t-placQ In 1864. 

Bstaon-Lffli to AuiMAiroiti* , Sfi M., la Shi*. Ibtsi 6 fr. 3fi, 4 fn 4S. 
3Fr. lUe-i. SMIiana Aiit/Uaiit, FerltufB, BaUola, befoDd vhloh Ibe Po 

1 piiDlf^a I 

. The chURb at S 

1 BDd uUiEraJ, ind iCBlpturu bj UmbKti 
7<Mt„lra, in llie RenilsMnu tijic, tha fa- 

aide . I 

>r Ihsj 

(KB p. 73). — The following lUli. _.., , , ._ 

loua (loB f. 1B9], ralniodsnna, aod dlffinxitria <He p. 79). 

Tbn (iijn drosses the Setia (p. 161); to the left rise the Alps, 
imotig whtob the mngiilflnciit Mnntp Rdei ^up ta most oontpli)- 
nODB. 521/j M. Borgn Verrtd/, B7 M. Ponintio. 

63 M. iroTara ('•fti«. ffr<(«timn(; ylWefjfo rf-nnd'a, R. 2, B. t, 
L, Vs. A. ';'4, fininibus '/a fr-. ""ll spoken of; IVe HeJ, an ept«- 
cupil rcslileiicn B.]id formerly i ronresa, with 30,^ Inhib., ««• 

MAGENTA. 10. EouU. 

. Tiftory gglned by the AustrinnB ODder B 

r tbo Piedmoiiteae in 1849, in ransequence or whiuh ObnlsB 
Albeit abdicated. A walk throagh the tovm li iaterasting. 

FroiD t^e stadon we pFoneed in s etralght direction along tbe 
Vis Vlttorio Emiunele, passing a Monummt of Cavoar, by Dlni, 
and then turn to the right to the chnrith of S. Qaudgnzio, ereuted 
by Pellegrini abaul 1570, tbc stately tover of nhinh rieca oon- 
Bplcnoualy over tbe lovin. The ohnrch ia built ^thont aisleB, in 
imitation of S. Fodele at Milan, and contains several good pinturea 
by Gnudfnsio FtrraTi (2nd chapel on the left^). Tbe toner, aaitend- 
ed by 300 steps, commanda a very estenaive proapeot, most pictur- 
esqne in the direction of the Alps. 

Tbe Cathrdrai:, a Rens-iesanee strnctnre with nave and aisles 
upon an old Roman foundation , ronnefiled with tbe llapdatery by 
an striani or entrance -ao uit , is a p!r,turesque pile. The markot- 
plane ia suironnded by oolonnades. — In front of the theatre ia a 
marble st»tao of Charla Emmanuel III., by Marr.hesi. — The Mer- 
ctito, or Com E^iohange, near the Porta Torino, la a handsnme 
bnlldin;, surrounded with eolonnadea. — In the Oorao di Ports 
Oenovs, near the Palaizo Civico, is a monnment to Charltr Albert. 

Tbe cslebraterl phllMophar Psirut Lanbardat (d. 1164 u Blilinp of 
rarin). inrnamsrl Uia 'HaElaler aenlenUaniin' and a pupil of Abelard, «u 
bnn near Vonn about 1130. 

na«scii-Li™ TO OntiAKo, W/a M., in I'/i hr, (fari^i 4 fr. 10. 5 ft. BB u., 
2 Tr. B a.). Statlona Calliffam, Mmui, Bargimanire (a Ihrlvinn l>»m), 
OBEiono inear II BeUana, an agiijunpal ehileaii wlfb a cbiirob ud Bam- 
Inary)! onmibui bence to Bveelimt (sen p. 160). 

At Novara the Turin and Milan line ia oroaaed by that froiD 
Arona to Genoa (p. 158). Frequent changes of carriage. 

69 M. Trtef^t. Near 8. Morlino the line nroasea the Tioino by 
8 brftad and handsome stone bridge of eleven arcbefi , which the 
Auatrlaus partially destroyed before the battle of Magenta. 

Farther on, the Navlglia Gmnde, a canal oonnenting HUan with 
the Tklno and the Lago Maggiore , U crossed (conip. p. 118). On 
the rinht , before (77 M.l Mngaila is reached, stands a monument 
ereoted to Napoleon III. In 1862, to Mmmemorate the victory gained 
by the French and Sardinians over the Austrlana on 4th Jano, 
1859, In consequence of which the latter were compelled to evsii- 
uato tbe whole of Lombardy. A number of mounda with crosses in 
a loir-lying Held opposite the station mark the graves of those who 
fi<ll ill the stru^le. A small chapel has been erected on an 
eminence in the burial-ground, and adjoining it a ehamel-honee. 

The lino Interaocts numorans fields of rice , which are liept 
under water during twn ranntha In the year. The neit stations are 
Vittwyae and Rhi (p. 158), where the line unites with that bora 

1/3 M. «Kan(Beep. 118). 

11. From Turin to Fiacenza by Aleanndiub^^^^ 

inn. E.iLWAi In 4 8 bn.; f»rrB 3Ur. 30, Ufr. 90, lOfr. eOe. *^ 1 

From Turin to AteiJtanrfrto, 57 M., see R. 12. Beyond A iMMiidria 
thP train trsTersee tha BaUU-petd of Mnrenjw (P- '*]■ 62 M. 
SpintUa, ■ little to (he N.W. of Mtren^. — 65 H. 8. Oiuliiam, 
Tho train then cTOsses the S<!rhln, and rcichea (70 M.) the snail 
town of Torton* (Croet Blaneal , the ineiL'nt Derlonu, nith ■ Ca- 
OudTol ereetcd by Philip H. in 1584, conulning i remsrlmbly 
Bne ancient Barcopbigui. 

B»*li0B-LiSK TO Nuvi (p. 74), llVi M-. bf iM. /VihhuIo, In SWS 
miB. Ci/r. 15, ttr. W, ifr. Uo.). 

The train traTniges > rertile dUlriot, and near «Ut. PonU- 
eurone ctobbsb tlie Impatuous furone. — 81 M. Toghsra (ItnlUt; 
AUitrgo dtt Fopola), a town with 13.400 iiihab., nii thK left bunk 
of the Slaf^a (perbkpa the aticknt Ma), was once tonlfl«d by 
CIdv. GaleiuEO Vlaconll. Tbe old church of S. Lortnta, fauuded in 
the 11th cent. , wsa remodolled lii liiOO. From Voghera to Milan 
vii Payla, see R, 24. 

On the high road tram Voghera lo the next ataliou Caittggio, 
Id tho S. of the [atlway , is aituited MonlebiUo , nhere th« well 
known battle of 9th June, ItiOO (Ave days before the baHle of Ma- 
rengo] , took place, and on "S)th May, 1859, the Ural aerloua Bn- 
oouuter between the Auatrlana and the united French and. Sar- 
dinian armlea. Cailegyio, a liUage on tha Coppn, it believed to 
be identical with the Clattidium to freqaently mentioned fit the 
aiinala of the wars of the Rouians againit the Oanli. 

The train akirta the base of the H. spurs of the Apmninei. 
Statlona 5. Ofufclld. Broni, StradeUa. At (S3'/j M.) .^fena-i's It 
enters the plain of the Fo. — 103 H. Caittl S. Qtowmni la situated 
In Tbe ei-Duchy of Parma. The last stationa are Snrmalo, Rotto- 
fteao, and 8. Niecolb. The last. In the plain ofthe Tnhia, ' 
memorable lor tbe victory gained by Ilanulbal. It U. 218, otgi 
Romans, whom he bad shortly before defuated near Soniina, 

117 M. Pinamso, soe p. 266. 


12. From Turin to Genoa, 
k. Vli Al«HU)dria. 

loa H. BliLwiT In 4Vi'G'/>hre.t faro ISTr. GO, 13fr. BO, 9[r. tOi. 
The line, the canatrnctlon of which was zealouely promoMd by 
Count Cavuur in order to bring Genoa into eloaer relations trfth 
Turin (^opened In 1653), at Brst procueds towards the S., at boumi 
distance from the left bank of the Po. Near (5M.1 Afoncaliarl, whan 
the line turns lo the E. , tbe river la crossed by a bridge of B«Teu 
arehea. On a height above Moncalierl , which 1« plotuteiquelf 
aituited on the blll-sldc, rises tbe handsome ro'jtl cbitean, whera 
Vfolor Emmaauet I. diod in 1823. A. 4nttV raWosswSi S» wmi W' 

ALE89ANDHIA. (2- ffoofe ] 

it the hllla of Tariii, and, to the left, of th<> principal n 
BOBiPiltB of the Alpa. At (8 M.") TrofareUo Ijtamih-Uiios dryerge 
to Savona (p. 74) and Cuneo (p. 108), atiit to Chitrl. Statinns Vam- 
biano, Feniont, VUlamtova, ViUafranen, BnCdkhUri, S. Damiano. 
The Une then oiosebb the Borbont, and reanhes the valley of the 
Timnro, on the left bank of which It runs to Alesaandrln. 

SQ'/g M. Aiti ILtone d'Oro ; AlbcTgo Reale), the andent Agio, 
with 33,500 Inhah and niiniBtBUB towpra , the Mrthplaoe otthe 
dramatiat Alfleri {d . ifiiB), is fain an a for its aparkllng vlnaand tta 
horllfliiltaTe. The left aisle of the Gothic Cathedral, erected tn 1348, 
contains (In tlii> 2nd ehapel) a Madonna with ftur eaima by a maater 
nf the aehool of yeiCPlll, and (In the !itd chapel) a Spoaalizio, pro- 
bably by the aamo. — The adjacent church of 5. eiOnotmf (the 
aacriatan of the cathedral keeps the key) ia butit above an sncietit 
Chdattan baelUca, paTtof which haa again been rendered accessible, 
and ia home by monolithie Mlumna with capitsla beiring Christian 
symbols (8th cent.). The Plalza Is adorned with a Statue of At- 
fiai, by Vinl, ereoted in 186'i. Near Porta Alesaandria la the aniall 
BipHstery of 8. Fieiro (lllh cent.), au octagonal Btrnctare , borne 
by short coiumns with square cspitala, and surronnded by n low, 
polygonal gallery. On the right and left, at some distanee tiom the 
«>wn , rise vine-olsd htlla which yield the eioelleut wine of Aslt. 

Faoii AsTi TO ItuBTABi (Milaii) 46 M. , IB Si/rJ Bn. — SuHniu in- 
InipnrtaDlL (20 H.) Otmle, nea p. T0| MoMara, lao p. 168. — FaoH Abti 
TO C*sTlGK<jtB [p. 76>, 13 «., In •/, hr. 

Nest atations Annoae, Ctrra, Ftlhiano, Soiero. The cnuutry 
ia flat and fortUe. Before Alessandria ia reached, the line to Arona 
(p. 158) divergea to the N. The train now crosses the Tanaro by a 
bridge of IS aiches, aktrta the fortification a, and reaches — 

567a M. AleBBondria /Mfei deVVnivers, R. 2 B. V/ttr.', 
Europoi Ttalla; *SaUway Reslaurant), a town with 38,000 iiibab., 
situated on the Tanaro in a marehy district, and only remarkable as 
a fbrtifled place. It was founded In 1168 by the Lombard lowna 
allied against the Emp. Frederick Barbaroeaa , and named after 
Pope Alexander in., with the addition of iktiapupffa, I.e. of atraw, 
perhaps because the tlrat houaea were thatched with straw.- — ^Alea- 
sandiia being a junction of several lines, uarrlages are generally 
changed here. Railway to Vercelli by Valenza , p. TO ; to Novara 
and Atoiia, pp. 158, 159; to Milan by Mortara and Vigevano, anc 
p, 158; to Pavis by Valenia, see p. 165; to Piacenw, Patma, Bo- 
logna, etc., see RR. 11 and 38; to Gavallermaggiore, see p. 75. 

Fbom AiBBBiSDBiA TO BivoBi fW Acflnl), 66 M., In 4V,-4</, hri. 
(fanu 11 fr. U, 8fr. UIb., Sfr.). — Aa far M OaHlaii-po (be llns i« tbe 

whieh r«flcmble IhoBe of Ali-la'-thanclla In thriv ■,T.itUis.C[^'i>'^'*«'s"?" 
The Ca(»«(rin- " "" ""■' ' 

Aroui <lw Auslrians and PieiVi 
im. flood wi 

produoea In t^o s\oVo.W-J. 

vulJe; .•! Ihu llnrnil.lK. pwlng thmnEb I 

ils^ria, Foull, Meiiltchlsro, Spiama (with alJk and wmil ftcluHeal, 

nanit, IJifa, AoHtdla, aod Cairo. — OSM. B. Otiutppt lU (^rr. wm 

p. 76. — U6 M. fiaODfiii, Mg p. 39. 

Tbe line araaBes Ihe Barmida , vhtoh n short dlstanoa b«]air 
AleMandilB foils Into the Taniro. About 1 1/4 M. E. of the brid^. 
In the bro&d piiin between the Bortnids and the Scrivia, i> sitoMed 
the BiDiU viUase otMartnga, near which, On Uth Jane, 180O, 
WBB fonght ■ battle which influeuced the destlnleB nt the whole 
of Europe. The French werefJimraanded by Napoleon, the AilntTUnB 
by MoUb. The battle lasted 12 hrs., and the rrench luat DesaU, 
one of their beat genersli. — {i3 M. Frugarnto, 

70 M. ITovi (*La Sirma; branch-Uno to Pavii mid Milan vU 
Tortoua and Yoi^hera, see pp. 71, 73, and It. 1i; to Piar^nza, aee 
R. 11), sltiiatpd on the hilU to the right, eommindei) by a lofty 
square tower, was the Bcene of the victory gained by the Austritua 
and RuBslana under Snwarow oier the French ou 15th Aug., 1799. 
At (75 M.) Sermvalte the train entera a mountainous district. — 
79 M. ArquaUi, with a ruined oaatle on the height, Between this 
point and Genoa there are oIgtou tunnels. The train threads tUi 
way through profound rocby ravlnaa fin Bocchtttat, traversing lolty 
emhaukmonts, and several tiniea Grossing the mountain-brook fi9cri- 
vlij. The scenery is imposing and. beantifol. — 83 M. hata del 
Cnnlont ; on the height to the right the ruins of an old castle. 

89'/iM. BujtnKa (;ll92tt.), the culminating point of the line, 
is tho watershed between the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian Sea. 

The last long tunnel, the Gallerla del Giml, is upwards 0f2M. 
in length, and descends towards the S. Then several short uuttinga. 
The landscape beoomes more amillng; the hills, planted wicb 
vines and corn, are sprinkled with the villas of the Oenoeae, 

To the right, on the loftiest summit of the mountain near 
{95VaM.") Fontedecimo (382 ft.), rifles the white church of the Ma- 
donna d«aaGuardia. 9SM. BuEnmeto, Bnd(100M.)A'v'iro(o. The 
railway now crosaea thePoleevera, the stony channel of which is o«- 
oasionallylllled withanlmpetuoui torrent, by a handsome new bridge 
with 9 arches. On the summits of the heighta to the left are towera 
belongingtothe old foHUIOBtioiis of Genoa. The last stacClOlYiHO 
S. Pier d' Arena is a suburb of Genoa (p. 90), where travellers pro- 
vided with through-tickets to or from Nice change carriagd*. On 
the right are the lighthouse and citadel, below whinh the t^aln 
enters the town by a tunnel. On the right, before tho -*-•'-- m 
entered, is the Falasto del Ftlneipe Doriu. 

103 H. etTum, see p. 78. 

b. Vi& Br&i and SSiTona, 

FROit ToBiH Ti> S.v-oHi. ST H., in 63/,-T hra. (fares 16fr. 70, lib; 
Rfr. iac.)i thuncD In Oehoa. 27>/i It., id iVi-2 Lra. (Farea S fr., 3 fr. 
Sir.SOe.}. Flnesl vIewB t» Ibo ristt. 

^TOmrnriDM3>o/'areWo,SM.,BeeB,Ti. — W^llW-VBiartdJiow^ 

A ttMi oriHwlng tho Fn le&da beuce to the W. tn (4V< U. 
lonn with TfiOO Inlmh.. and ouverBl bandsDme cburcbel, II 
lilgh rn*d ftmn Tnrfn to Nice. S. Oinami SatHala vtx erected by Cm 
AlBrsrl; 5. Maria guile Orarle CJialmlDii i. monumeDt lu Bluicft PHlna 
§1111. dUEblHi of Oogllelmo IV., Mnquii of MontCsrrst. and wife of Di 
CbErles I,, at wbnw coarl tlic 'ObcTtllur Bsrard' waa hroDEht up. 
Carlgnano, with tbe tide "f ■ princlpBlIt; , waa given u >n sppanaee 
"■' ~ — cl, (d, leeei, fonrlh non of Charien Bmmairaet I., fnun whi 

tei"™ tts I 

le pnaBDl royal (amlly 

1 M. Carmatmola. with 13,200 liihab. 
Uarmagnola was the mnhplaca (13»)) of Ibe celebrated Condottiere 
J^ascHoi Buintnc, mm of a Bwiae-berd, usually called Count of CnmiBB- 

Hsria VliGOnIi, and afterwards, as GeneraKHlino of Ibe Kepabllc of Ven^e 
cnnqnered Breacla aiul Bei^ama, and won Ibe batUu of Hacalo (1137], 
At lenglh his fidelity was stupeeled by tbe Oiuscil of Ten, and be was ba- 
beaAed between the two columns Id the Plnoetla (p. SS) on Bib Hay, 
1433. Bnsgone-B fate is tbe anbjeel of a tragedy by Uantonl. 

A direct line hence to Bri is projected , with ■ -view tn cut off 
tlie circuit by Ca»«ilennsggiore. — 23'/aM. Racconli/i. witli a roy»l 
r,h!itesn and park, laid out in 1755 by Lc NSlre, tbe favourite real- 
deni^e of Carlo Alberto fd. 1849). 

28 H. CavalUrmnggloreCltHiiiBvoiRoBBi), with 5000 inhab., 
is the jiiUKtlon of the lines to Saluzio and Cuiiao (p. 108). 

31 M. Madonna del Pitont. — 38 M. Hrft, tbe Urgaat plarc on 
the line, with 14,300 fnhab., Is the junction for Alesnandrln. 

15. 7 fr, RO, B fr. BOn.). — 8 M. Sri, MB aboTe! — 12i/> M. 'villoria, whence 
H pleBUnI exenninn may Iw autdt ID the royal palaro of nUmm, vilii 
Ihe rcmalai of the llnman (own of Poltmiia. — 18V> »■ Alba, witb 
10,6(10 Inhabitants. The cathednl of B. Lortnit dales from the Ifith cen- 
Inry, — Kelt slallOBS iVeirr. raitagnnle (p. 73), CmHaHalo^ 8. Bt^fnno BtBiB, 
im kliB BclliB, Iha TsUey of which the train traverses for some dJtUneei 
Oinrl'f, Caiamattirma, and Siaa lU Jfenfirrale, whenee a good road leaAs 
tn Aei/id (p, 73). Stat. laeUa, eltaaled on Ihe Belbo, a cansiiiHrable Aln- 

eWlBlnpo, and Oil M.) '.ItMWiHlrio, SBB p. 73. 

41 H. CtitroKO, not visibls iium the line , lies at the oonflnenie 
of the Tonnrn and the Stura. The train ascends the course of the 
fanner. Statloni Nnnole, Monchlerro, Fnrlgtiano. — 89 M. Onrii. 

alliialeil old tower, Ik Ihe b>'»l alnrliiii: puinl for a visit ta the ImposinE 
'Carern of Sauia. In Hir. FniJ. ,t. rn--Jiilm. A carrlBgo may he Mntil 

whence a liehlsr 'calcMj- .-..nv. i« rr„v r'> 'to lis cavern {eaeh member 

of a party TSfr. for ili,. ,ili.,Jr .Iriwi. Tin' cavern Is shown from the 
hetrtnniBE of Jnne tci the i-ikI "t ( ii-t.i.l^'h i arlTnisaion V/, fr. i no gratnltles). 

62M. NieUa. — 68 M. Ceva, on the Tanani, an indnstrial plaoe 
with an old caatle under which the train potseB by a tunnel. 

The train no7 begins to cross theMarttime Alps, and reaches the 
tnosC imposing part of the line. Between this point and Savona are 
nnmBTons viadnctB and no fewer than 28 tunnels, 'V'ms tt-^is-i;*»' 
the valley oC the Tanaro anft HBceiift!,. ^e^iwi- ?yi^A ^"^J 
Basses thmiieh flnlltrin .let Rrflin. » «iinie\ m.V"™^*' **■ 

puses through the OaUtrin d«t Etlbo, a \,tii.™b\ m.^"" 

Ri/utt I 


70 M. Cttigio, iu thu valley 

length, and tho lougeat on Ilii 
of tlie Bonnida di IdiUttimo. 

8J'/i M. S. Giiucppe di Cairo . ou (he Bormida dl Bpigm, 
through the valley of which the tMin descends ta Aeqni (p. 73). 

Tunnels ■nd visdncts now follow etch othpr In rapid snmesslon, 
(he loftiest ot the luter being 13? n. high. — 93 H. Suntuarla di 
Satrona, ■ pllgilmige churrh with > large hoapiee for poor devotee*, 
fonndHd In 1&37, 

97 H. Savrma, seep. 93. 

23". - Tb6 cUbi.1* of lli 

Eivler* <g 

Ihut n( Rome, 

■nd a eTen fiyonnME Mi 

An tbe gauDtrj dlffeH 


atoia of r pper 

ilddle plu 

lUlyand IbitoraiTdiiilB. 


iwo conntri™ 

bm klH) bCBB widely lUfTc 

s lAgttHam, or 

Ihu lnbBbtUDti otOkt Blvi 


rdic«ly known 

lo Ibe 6«8ki >t m Yurr «rl7 period 

■ plraMs and freabo 

(or». To wbkl 

«ce the Ligurl»iu bolonB 

bu not y 

t been wHtBrHJned. 

Aa ttas OreBk 


ar trade in 

8. Frmnce, with Nic 


(raffie of tha niTlen. Daring (be 3rd cent. B.< 

irsn witb the Lieurlanj. In order In eecnrs Ibe i 
cnut-road to Bji^n. Ag l>ts u tbe reign Df Aag 

ly uid 0>ul. contlnnud to be bo down lo ISflO, i 
vlcei rcndenut by NlipolMn III., [talv ceded i 

Ibe dlglrkta nt SitTiiy (4316 . 

nf SsToy, Uiougb the cndlo of tbe dynuly, 

to tbe DOtnr^fiuB Fn^ncb ftyiapatblDfl and ele 

tbs ruin of Plu. ■ 
t nytne — 'Maw 

_ . --.[enuuy, Ihry pki^cipktsd lltUg Id tli« 
lujippiutin' Qf ItaJyt And nellhur pouused a ichool of ul, 
my sDboUn of emlBeBoe. Wbta it Irngtb ths sffeta rs- 

lei u contFUted wlUi the coniieiviillnii of the rurmliBt tenl- 

trD ht Gdttoa In ISOfi, iuh] Garibaldi^ tbuugli bmn U NIu 
LS SOD of ■ Uanoow of CbUv«l. Tlie rinalr; of tha on« 
ibUc wilb tiiE upitait Turin . and iif Ltie rullau bartrau 

M.on wiih the ttnlld Pic' 

fuufver; nutehla ninlU. 

tliit Ike marlUme pawsi 

13, OenoB,, Italian Genoea, French GS/tea. 

Md jAir ( 

idila, Tiuin. SpeiU, Flu, 
■- ■"■ ■■ ', a-, Uu 

in lbs Vitiit AcijiuTerde (Fl. 
iLuei in ih. 

JO iniiu. — Tile .... ... 

(PI. if, Ij , b1 tbe HDd nf UiB Via Bern, ud cnnncclBd Hitb the dnt fi)' 
luuiu or > lunnel beluw tlio tiigber puta of Ibe Iowb, Is tbs int pU» 
vAiin tbc Bpeiis. mid Piu tnuns.Btop. — TinTellBni arriviBK >lO«iii» b; 
lU, tod wiiblng hi i:D>il[iiue tbelr juurney by nil wlthiml deity, BHT 
lunnediBlal; aflec Ibe t^uthim-houBe eiuninaliun , which l>k» plana on 
tbe quBy, Inak Uieli ]aeKS«e Ihore (or their diuliiutluB |l>kin| mm la 

autJuiiised bystBDder), and thus iiLVfi mucb tmabJe. 

" 1. K, 4), plcuutly 

t Tb ■— - 

_. ... _ . bUo 

mBeftfr.i •Hftrg;. dk u* Vma (PL uj B. 31, -HfllHi: B^It. 

MalibCPI. b; K, BJ; "Hnliu, uia QUATBS Saiiosb (PI. di K,a). AlSMEA 

ni. Di IiuNuu, nur tbe principal aUliiin, U. a>/i. D. vitli irlne V^, 
A. BfldU i'/i, B. I'hfr.; AbBEHoo i>i Hibma. Via Bslbl 31, ueu liw 
F*Iu>e ttoulei Vtrrrjui fPLk; E, 9], FivH dell' AnnunElBlB IB ^ Buao- 
oaisa, Via KuDviBeima. wellgpohen al, vUh IratlocU; Aldbbou A Tut- 
luUA iiKbi,!. Uuovi CuHriDKSiA, VU 9. Hebutlano 13\ 'Sartn. Smra 
(Biulilb landlord), near the excliaive. Via PunteBcale, unpreteodlog, B. 
i»;r3</t. L. Vn, A- Vj, B. 1 tr. 

Oalta. ■(7i)/< emia, by Ibe Teatni Oario FeUce, al Ibe norner oTtba 
newVlaKomat •StablUmmlo ilelie Jfiu««il. Via Roma aad QBlleria Uaialt^ 
OnUnnHa. Via »B»va. oppoiile tbs Palano Kuho (Pi. •&; p.B6), lia»k 
■omal} dtteil up and uool, ranslo freqneBlly In Ihe oveniBgi 'Caft d'lum, 
with a brilliantly lIlaiDtnated gardes, upen in sunuser only, al AeqnaSOM 
(p. 9(4; aufi di JVan«, Via Carlo FeUoei (V>) AouHui, Plana ITiiatwa 
JtsMie, and otben. — The larger oaMi ace alio reitaurnuU. aid sotM «I 
OemgivediBBBn at a Axed ubargs ISUbUiuianW dtAU ^aiione from 8Vh 
fJtum*, Cbisordia, IMIie 0, Fnsee SViCi-)- 

Ibe TeiLtro Orlo Felloe, Vlen 

mill Aiticlu of laethea ^re fne; trunk »J c, — Tbu niglit-fuet ace rBcli- 
led frum mldntglil. 

o Bafdinia bj Legbon 

mburk.lioii iD eicb tun 1 tr. fur fliieli person, jneludlnc iuejage. 
Bsthi. At the Palaiio ejHoela, SaliU S. Caleriiin, sdjuiDrDe itouuU'i 

Foit(»flosm-4SL F,4), in the aftllerlsHBinlni, open S a.m. lo S p.m. 
— lalampb OfSn Id lb« Falauo Dncale (Fl. lU). 

Thaatiia. Carle AUm (M. BS), bnilt ia IBSI, uic of the iBTieal is 
lUly, boldint nearly 3U0O panunii partem 3, fBnteail & fr.; i.pcn during 
Ibe carnival obIjt; operas performed bere. — PagaKM CFl. 49), 8ti&da 
CalTaro 10. — PBliUttima (PI. 41), hr the Villa Megro. 

KUitaiT nuia in ttas park uf Aapui Sola {ji. 90). duly in auounar. 

Overran (p. Bl). 

niotairapbi. .ilt^vd JVoalt. VIco del FUo I, upslkln, not far froin 
tlic utbudral nf 8. Loreuao. guod leleoliun uf views alV. Italy; Jmul/, 
Via Nuoiviima 13, ifansiugaHi. VU NuovlMima T. 

OeniulaUa. fnpUiA, SalJU dt 3. eateriBai AnHritan, SaUtft de' Cap- 
puccini. ocar tba .Aoqaa Sula. 

(PI. U.3, 2); Dr. AVm, Viala Hi^un 2 (divorRlnK tr.>in tlia Via Serru In 
llie N., PI. u, 4). — Oastiat: Mr. Cluiritt a. Jlrivhl, Via Assarutll 14, 

Baakiallai: //crinuiiu Slioabiri;, Via Roma 1. — Gsoda-AieBta: C. J-mig- 
hmi , Saliu a, Ksdeo 10; C. Jhupprtehi , at. Uie back uf Ibi ehurcb uf 

wisfD'i. Strada Koiiglia. 

rcb in the Via Goilo (Bev. K. Bay- 

»)i. miuyirrvin bnn-cA, Via Panibivca. off tbs Via AsBBroKl. 

prlwilpal ACtnictiaia. Walk tn the uorning ud the Orati Tirratu 
(u. 821 \ "alk tbiuugb Iha Via B. Lerenio put Ibe C^IAnlmJ (p. SB) U 

u tbe Piaiia Fanlaae Huruae. Then tbroagli tbe Via Nn[rva (p. HGl, aiMI 
italt tbe Fahtui Bona (p. 86), Huram Qi. S8], and AalM Ip. 88; the 

a'eloefc, and probably oartlor in susmcr), the Maio'maU a/ ColumlKH ip.SBl, 

CampB Saula (p.BI), aflflr whieh lb« evBn<n« mwi \« t,v™>- ^^ *"- "^^ ( 

III Aci,™ Sola IP, BO). •Villa PolUrtotnl, nee V-^- -A.&w.'O^ 

The flituatloa uf Genoa, ti9,Uvg a\ju>ie t^ie ttt^^a »-'*^°" ' 

80 Boute 13. GENOA- 

olrole, und its numerouB psisces, juBlly entitle i 
'Lb Supeiba'. Tbe city la lurroiinded by eiteni 
dating frdin the beglnnitig of ih« 17ih ceiii., vrhltih have receutly 
been stri^ngtlieaed. Vtam thti lighthouse an the W. side, where tha 
Urge btrrack of S, Bmiyno atfonlt qutrten for 10,000 men, a 
brood lampart eiLtendi at some (iiitanne from the tovn up the hill, 
past the ForU Begnto [IGlSft.) to the Fortt dello Sptront (1693 ft.)' 
the highest point, uid then deieunds past the /brie t'atUUaiieio 
[12n3 n.) to the mouth of the BItngna nhiuh falle Inio the sea to 
the E. of Genoa, a circuit of ahuut O'/i M. in all. The helghta 
uoDnd. the town are crovned with ten detached forta. 

Genoa \i the Ahief aommerclal town 'n Italy , and contains 
130,000 inhab., or with the uoighhourmg euburhs 103,200. The 
annual importi are valued at 331) million francs, the eiporta at 
70 million. Of the imports abont one-third ia from England, and 
the rest chiefly fiom France and North America. 

even in tbe tipm of Ihe Bonsna fl (onnud an uallet for Ibv prodseli nf 
the eiteiulvB Ll^rian coul-diitrict, Tlie town Is bellcTcd tc 

la Ike stmpe <it a knae (genu). The moit floitllhlnE period of Q 
' - middle ageii, wHei Ihe eIHhu mecuXUly deft ' ' - 
■' ■" ' I 1119 thoT WMBd a Tlttlorinns 

IrcRB nf tbl Tyrrhenian Sea. 
at pBTDianeD'ly al 

that dii 

K (Onelpka) 

uD the ntb«r, led tn loine eilnorQiaary renUM. The ddfeatsd tart; 

some' foreiga prlnu, and accordingly we Bnd tbit afler tbe HXb «enl. 
Ibe kings of Naples and Franca, the connta or Monferrat, and Elie dUkU 

)y the revolution of 133B, by whiek Ilie gk- 

■ was oTerthrown , and a Uogt invented Willi 

- midst of all Ibis confasion ihe on^ slabla 

liOM, chiefly In OorsSea.'and would have ovealually ab- 
■oroea laa wnela of Ihe Fepnbliti and Bonveried it into a commercial 
ariiloeracy, had not Qenoa lost its power ol independent devolopraent l>y 
becoming involred In Ifae wan of tfie great powera, Andria Daria tp. 90), 
tbe admiral of Emperor Charles V., at length reitOTed peace by the eltrt- 
lialunent nf a new ollearcbic eonaUtutlon , and Ibe nnncceisfol emiph^ 
acy of rieschi tn tUT was one of ihe last instances of au sllempt lo 

power of Genoa was, however, already on Iht wnne. TbR Tntka eon- 
guered ibt OriantAi pnjdeflsiotid ono aftfiv ftni>llitrc, ai^4 ^■^6 t\Vi wta t<^ 

J7,rrAriur. GENOA. I.'l. Route. ^^^H 

■ ct^A to »>.<:rD l.iminin<i.m.< hy t1« poworfixl Ilnlioi. riv^ln, ns well ^^H 
le Frcntli, wlio took Genoa In 1884, ud by the Imperial (pooiTS ■ 
liom Onnua wai Dceuuled for a few days In ITU. In 1736 the ambiUon ^ 
r rAmfsri dt !/eihof, a Wulphilian noblcmui . occMloned great dli- 

'Mlphillan „. . 

Ooniea, vbo had bvcn fubjeots ot Oeooa, hnl nuw threw a<r Iheic yoke 
(Blimp, p. 438). The Genoese pronoimced Ihe nenl; elected king pillfy 

the Freoct, thoy mcceedfid In re-eM.blinhinK Iheir 'jmprcmacy oyer Cm- 
■loa, bill, were »uon oflarwarda ll'TeS) nblimd ti. cede tbo ialand to Ibeir 
new ally. After tbe battle of Uixengo (1800) Qenoa wu taken pouea- 
dlon of bv the Frenoh, In IBOO it WW formally annexed to the Smpire 
of France, wd in ISliS tn the Kingdom oFSardlnia. 

The beauty of its situation , md the LnteieBtiiig leminiacences 
of its snclent niBgnincanee, TPtider a visit to Ganoi very attrartivE, 
eapeeiolly tn the traveller who is ylslting Italy for IJie flrat lime. 
To the historian of art the RpiigisSftiiiie paUoes of the Genoese 
□nbility &re nbjecta of extreme interest, Bnrpasalng in uumher and 
inngDiflr.eiice those of any other city iu Italy. 

Jtiinr uf Iheae building irere ereoled by Oalmm Atari it. pnpll of 
Michaf! Antelci, born at Perugia 1600, d. IffTJ), whose eiample waa 
generallj followed by mbieqoenl arebil«1». In cpilfl of oceaalonal ilo- 
ferlf. Ibe arehilecMiru of Ihe cily it of an impoelng and nnifurm ehar- 
aeUjr, and ercal Ingenuity bas been displayed in emplnyjni 

I toga. Tlia palaci 

. . orksof art, wbllcKi 
and Ym Dptk " ■ 

. and waa Ht &otn being 
bfneHted by Itie leal of ila arflNig in palnling Fs^dee. Tbe chief paintsrn 

or Pt'U OmoMst (1(I81-16U), 'otoi,. Sail. nisgi,\ei Btntdttta CaiUgHaae. 

The ^srhonr (Porla) consists of a EeniicireuUr bay, about 2 M. 
In [liamcter, which I» protected from the open sea by two Ions and 
substantial piers. That on the E. Is the Molo Vteehh, with the 
small old lighthouse and the Porta dtt Malo, erected by Goleazzo 
AlesBl 111 1550 ; that on the W. the Molo Nuovo , adjoining whinh 
riaea the new lightbonse , or Lantema , with its dazzling reflectors 
410 ft. above the sea-levet. The aumniit, reached by 370 steps, 
rimmands a Hue view, especially by evening llKht (fee i fr.], and 
the arrsneomeiita nf the interior may also be inspected. 

The DukB of Galliora (d. 18761 having presented 20 nillHon 
franca for tbe Improvement of the harbour, on condition that the 
ffovenimeut and the city would ndvanee the remainder of the re- 
quired sum, extensive Blteratioiis have begun (u take place here. 
On the Cava, belnw Carlgnano <PI. T, 5, 6), ■ UfRe new Main is to 
be oanatrueted, while the prosent Moto Niiovo la to be eo lengthened 
that It will oaDtione to be the enter pier. Eitenslve quays oon- 
neeteil by rsilti with the main tine are aJao projected , witb a view 
to enable the IsrgeEt veasels to tinlond without lighten. 

On the E. aide of the present liartniii, iiB>it i\vc"?SMn.iv«J'i.-^««; 
and the Via VKtorie Emaunelo (?\. ¥,, K\ \\ft?.S^^'^ .™'=''"^^4I^ 
franco with its extensive bonAed ^woVoMae* *C''^*'"*™ 
« *»P«i » «fc Italy I. Bth &4it. 

82 K..ui( i;i. i.i N"\ 

Tlic /)o|/nrvi (Pl.a; K, .-H cionipips the biuliliiiiof the! 
di S. Qi'irgUi (p. bO). Tlie Urge hull is i'tiilieLliali<^<l with statues of 
men wlio liave dcaeiTcil well of the town, nomo of tlieiu of Ibe 15tli 
nentury. On the upper floor ire the Aralilves. 

Tlierentral part of the harbour fa bonlerni hy a lofty wall -with 
srcBilea, the marWe platform o[ whinh. r'ullu,! the "Tetnum di 
Marmo.'iOpfxs InHtdtb, sIfordB an exi'«li.'rit promenade, especially 
B»rly in tho morning. There ara twft Hppronnhes to the teiranB, 
one opposite the HStel ile laVille(Pl. d; K.^; known as llw '6«aU 
dpl1sUntnnds'% and another to the N., opposite the Hotel doa (juatKi 
Natifliis (PI. d ; E, % 31, Iwih of whii^h «rB dosed at dusk. — A 
tow ill the harbour, for which riunn'rouB boatmeu offer their «w- 
vlatia, la also recommended ("i fr. per hour for 1-4 pvrsona, but *. 
bargain shunld be made'). 

Near llic a. enr] of the Via Vlltorio BminaElD, on the S, >ide, it the 
sraall Purju Catiuiko, wllli the palacB nf that name, t rornn in wWeb 
wnlaina ei^hl ni,:inre) 1>y Vm Dprk. — Hoi Far rrom Ihlx point is Ibe 
cbiifcb of ma. Mitria di ail.lls (PI. IBi B, 1), oeeucj-ine lbs >IIe of u 

donna by /imIhi li'AltmHag-o, 141>i (nnrior ^1a-<)'). 

Instead of walking through the nolay and bustling elrBStl near 
the Tecra^zo dl Marmo, the tnieller la renommeiideii to take tha 
foltowiug route. Leaving thu plaxxa of the atatiou, we deaoalld by 
a Une opposite the comer of the lintel de Loadcee to the Vlo dl Pli 
(PI. D, E, 2), which we follow. We Chen cross the PioiM ddltt 
DoTitna, from which the Via della Fonlana leads, to the lefl^ to Ilw 
AnnuQiiats (p, ST], and follow the Via del Cmnpo {P\. E, % ^. 
An fnicription at (he back of Che fountain in the amall Fiaaa 
Vaenhtro, obliquely opposite the Hotel d'ltalia (Pl.b; E,3), recorfa 
that Qinlio Ceaare Vacehero , who bad conspired along with tlM 
Snice o£ Savoy against the Rapuhiic, was executed here. Frani 
tho FItata *b«»a(eHo (PI. K, 3) the Yla LnmBlltni leada tfl tho left 
to the Annnnziata (p, 87). — Following; the Via di Fmiatetlo aaJd 
(be Via S. Luea , — in a aide street to tlie left of which la tlu 
flhnrub wis. Siro (PL 18; E, S), erected in 1&T6, mo demised in 
1820, conUining statues by ToiJifcD, and freBix<es by f^ioo. Aid. 
Curfcine, — we next reach the PiAsai Baschi, in wMeb it 
situalcil the Excban^ (Loggia de' Banehi, Bonn, PI. 7j E, 3], 
erected at the end of tho 16th «ent, from plans by AUi>i, and 
adorned with a Bitting figure of Cavmir in marble by ViiK. Vala. 
— The narrow but handsome *Fin depH Orefld (P1,E, F,3; at tbe 
begiiiuing of which, on the right, is a donr with an InteTestliig 
Adoration of the Magi In relief, of the middle nf the l.^th oent.), 
and then the Via Luccoti, lead lo the Fintia dcUt Frmtcrnt Maront 
(p. 851. To the .5, of the Eiuhango we traverse thu Via S. Pietro 
dclla Porta to the Via S. hortmo, and the Ptakia S, Losbkio, In 
which riBP the (lew BonP(iN<i!ili]nuU(¥A.b>, im4.*n f.«0nft4wlo( — 
•». LoreBBo (Pi. 9 i E, F, 4), etBOlei \& UWl oo «bo ^Ua^u 

«. Ambmgio. OKSOA. 

xarliur cdiRce, >iiil Bubaeqiiciitly so muuh tlteruil, that ._ . 
pceBcutii throe diatluut styles, the Uomineequo, (ha French Got&tv, 
and the llHnaisSBUce. Tha lowur psrt of Che fafailB, which OansUta 
of alternate course* of bUnk and white msrhle , was contitniGted In 
the 13t1i cent. Id the style peculiar to the Fieni^h churches; the 
two lower o[ Che lenumbeat linns with which it it adamud on the 
right and left of the steps, are modiim. The gideii of the principil 
portal are deooratod with good reliofa repCHSantine the eaily 
history of Christ (end of 13lh coiit.J; the sculptures in the lunette, 
Christ and the emblems of the fbur evsapelteta , with the mar- 
tyrdom of St. Lawrence below Chem , are inferior works of tbe 
same period. The acnlptuTes at Che entrances t« thu aisles are of 
Che 12th centary. 

TUo iKTiBios, eoDXrnclcd in 13l7r, is bome by^ the columoi of tlie 
tOTimi > kind uf Btiiuid, Uu the uis ffltb 111 (ialeg, eurered with ci^dttotl 

borne by liileen Corlnlhlan cotiimiiB of eolonred marble and four buUi^um, 
above whlcb li aDotber Ktim uf aolumni allenuliDt with pUlaH. On lln 
rlebl, mur the necnnd lida-pmtmj, Is Ibe moniunenl of a biiliop of 1388 Willi 
rollf^i" and atatnes, the saraaphaeua bcin^ ^upporrod by four liona. In (he 

by 1*. Fraicapilta. In Ibi cbulr, lundaome alalia wllh Inlald-wurk by 
iVonc. &ittlla. In tho chapel la tbe loft of llic choir a alalue and six 
picUrrai by I. CamMun. In the left Iramapl, seVEn atntniu by Bvfft. della 
Form. — The iemnd eh.wl to Ihs lofl of llie eoltanco , (hat of 'fl. Rio- 
VANKi BiniBtt, enselod Id 1451-98, coniaiui in a atano area of llie tSlh 
CDDt. (below (he allai} raJIct of John Ihe 3apUal, bronchi from PaHutlnB 
during lbs CrniadBa, Tbe aU i>tslu<u> al thi; ildea and Ihc ivHaft above 
then are bj XalltB Oirilatl {H. OOi^; Ihe Madonu and John Ibe Baptiit by 
Aiidna jlonaovlae <IBIfl)i Ihc canopy and iha oihfr (euJ|itiiTie by Olatnm 
and Ongliitinu Mta J^iris (d. 1633). I<be eitt'mol diMoratiiin nf Ihc chapel 
In In Ibe (Jothtc i'ylE. wUh admirable relieb above (nnl caally axen: beat 

partaken of the paMsknl lanb, and la whicb Joeepb of Arimalhea la uid 
Id have caughl luinu dcopa of Ihe bluud of (he CruciRed (a dne glaaa leuel, 
captured by the Oenueic at Ocatiea during tbe Cruiaden, aliown hy ner- 
mi»ion uf Um munlciiilo only), and n(her previous rullua. 

Farther on In the Pl*^^* Nuova is B. Ambrogio (PI. 12 ; F. 4), 
a ohurfh of the Jesuits founded by Gphoobb nohloa , B)id overladen 
with showy decorations of the olose of the i6th century. 

3rd AUar oa lbs rlgbt^ AoumplloD by OKMe Rml. HI|jh-al(ar-piMie, 
Ihe ClrcnUKlilon, by Jfolxni. The [oar block oianolith columns are rmui 
Ptirlo Venere (p. III). First ehapsl dd Ihe left, Hartyrdom of 81. Andrew, 
hy Smima, Ikt Bidtr. Sod Altar on Ibe left: Riibtiu, Si. Ignallut lisaling 

In the simopima Is situated Che FBlauoDuoUa (PI, 22; F,d), 
nan Paluao delta Pre/'tltura ,- on the upper part of the fai^ade sru 
aix statues of uaptlvcs, above which ato trophies. This (■dlllce, the 
ancient residence of the dofliea, was founded at the close of the 

13ch cant., tut was entirely " " 

Iscd ill 1777 after a ureat I 
by Roeta Ptnnime (15&0y 

84 13. iioule. UENOA. 

Tbig Is Iha Wn surlins point fnt a visit totlitreM 
Maria in C»riginiiij, Biimtpii un otii> of thu highest points Hi the 8:B. 
end of the r,liy, ind alTorrlliig the bust penural aurvey of Dona*. 
Opposite the PaUniu Iincaln we follow the Sslita Pollajuoli, aecend 
the Stradone Agostlna to the right, '^roas the Piaiiza :^srzatiD to the 
left, and proceed to the right through the Via al PnateCari^ano to 
the Ponie Cariymmo, a bridge across a stroot ueariy 100 (t. boloir, 
leadlDg direct to the church. 

*B. Kuia in Citrignaao (PI. 13; F, 5; iH ft. above the aca- 
level), hcguQ in aiMiordani^e with designs by Galeaiirt Alaii lu 
1S65, but not RODiploted till 1603 (priudpal portal of the 18th 
Eent.^, <B an imitation of Bramaiite's original plan of St. Petpr'g at 
Home, and is remarkable foclta hBrmonioiispioportloiit. The baroquo 
aCatupa bolnw thp dome are liy I'ugtt, Famdi, and David: the 
palntlnga by PioVi, Marattd, Ouereino, PrucaerinI, and Cambtiuo. 
The "ViRW from the highest gallery of the doniD (dGH It. above the 
aea; 119 steps (o the first gallery, thoucu to the tup 130, asoended 
by an easy and wcll-Ugbted staircase), embraces the uity, harbour, 
■nd foctiacatlons , and the well peopled Mast [W. the Riviera dt 
PontnU, £. the Biviera di Latante), bounded on the 8. by tbd 
vast blue expanse of tbo Mediterranean. (Siuristan ^ c. ; Ua 
attendance for the aaoont U unnooeasaiyi best Ugbt ifl a« 

From the Piazza Nuova ve proceed to the left through the Tia 
Sellal (PI. F. ^ to the Puzsa DRFRitBASi (with a palace of Hut 
Qnme, nf the 18th cent., on the left^, foriueily Piaiui S. Domoillw 
(79 ft. above the gea). 

^rom lliin plaua Ilia 8alll> di B. Ma<(eo, tbe Heimd >iid<i.«lnMt tO 
_. efl. lenda to Ibe small ohnrcb of E. Kattaa (Fl. I4|, urleliwlty 
flotbie (1278), which conlaiiu nnmcmns nimlnfauenciw uf tbe DoHa IV 
" ' ■ ■ ■ noted wilh iniKrlpllons lo Iheif menoiy. The 

I bj thB Florentlno OiaxanUnii, MonlBriM, Irbt 
4jiarea Doria, and who. wtHi lii> auialula^ 

(cilIhewlloluoftliefliie.culplurM wilh wbich'l 

. Abuvu Ibe bii-h-altar IsDoHa'a inord. Tn tb 

l^ft of the ohOnh 
[HD \9»-\o, with n 

andaomd clotslen wllh douMe columns, dnllne fr 

nl insiTlpllunii rclaling to Ibe Doilas, and »mi 

Axa. Uocia (bf HoDtonoIl, lUSJ b>u1 one of Oi 

neito Dorla (lUm, 

- A pslsiaa oppMi 

he lower balf of wh)<tb I. mvwod wl'b black 

nd fellow ^SH 

, F^H,., Ut^WiM 

To the right in the Piazza Dcforrari Is situated the 'i'ciitm Carta 
Fttiee (PI. 36"), btiili in 1326-28 (ace p. 791- Adjacent is the -^ 

Aeeadraiui delle Belle Arti (PI. 1 ; P,lj. IHie vestibulo briow 

contains mediieval aitulptures from the ailpiircased thiirch of IB. 

Domenico. On the first floor is Ihv BibUottea Viviea, well slOiAedi 

irith modeiu itOiVa (about 40,0OU vo\a. -, o^eu <luVi'^, aivi qn (^ 

L aecoiid Boor a Fictare GaUery (alio* it ^l^ »ius 6uMn4\an.V 

uriT NmhirUDda mulsn. Tbs BdsiiI he: 69. l.:,-\ ,, ,. ... 
tLoBvi -311. Two aiinlni B8, B7, 99. Minclas of si. i>i,iiii,. ■[li.-ii .'fs i9(. 
Kanfrtdino da «no.;a (139^, Annuncialion, f.iiri-i in ilv li-i, i JT„ril,ni 

Hqiy Fftnitf. In irie cenlra moiern 'itiluei. ' Ni^il n tituu'lBr mDu, nniJ 
» poloOD wilh ]*rjfB pLitluTdfl by Ocuoiidi; pftinlerd iPivla^ J/tiferi^ii, Fen-pri, 
FliucUa, ale.), nnif laslJy two Toums wllh sculpluriu, cbluRy modern 
(Mdbeu PKiHDtpE OnoNE], Bn^ neieral Dllier] conttlnlng cimls. 

The Via GinlU leaiia from the academy townaa the E. to the 
Porta dogtl ArvhI. On a terraM bi ihe Utt of tbe gatD stands 
S. Bteftuu) (PI. 11 ; G,A), a Gothic church the aldest parts nf which 
ilute rinm thn end oT the l2th century. Abuvo the high altar the 
■Stoning of .Stephen by Giufio Aomnno, one ofhUbcat irorka, taken 
(1530) to Paris by Napoleon in 1811, but restored In iSlfi. From 
the back of the ehnrch we ni»y proceed to the left to the Acqua- 
BoU (p. 90), or to CarlgiiHiio to the tight (p. 84). 

Two broad BtreclB leail towards the N.E. from the Piazia Defer- 
racl : to the right the new Via Roma, and to Ihe left the Via Carlo 
Felice. The Via Uomn (PI. P, 4) aoon roachei t new ptaxEi, mn- 
tatning the prini^lpal entrance to the OfUttria Miatini (PI. 43), and 
about to be. enibolllehed with ■ statue of the great agitator of Chat 
name. The Salita S. GaCeriua lanends henr« to the right to the 
Acqnasola PmmBnade (see p. 90), while the Via Roma Is eairied 
through the promenade, nn fortunately cutting olT an angle of the 
intetenting old Palazzo SpinoU (Via Cateriiia, No. 14), and is 
continned by the Via AtiaroUi, which leads to the loftily-situati^d 
Piama Maiiin (p. 91). 

On the left aids of the VtACjHLQFmicE, No. 12, is thePainiio 
Fallnvielnl (PI. 26 ; F, 3), now the property of the Duraiio family 
(p. 88). — Wb next couio to thu Piazzi. hbllb Fontanb MoRoai! 
(PI. F, 3). No. 17 In the piazza la the Pal. ddla Caaa. originally 
SpiiioU, adornad with Ave honurary statuea in niches, of the ICith 
rant. 1 Nn. 27 is Pal. Lud. Stef. Pallavieini, euniptuonsly fltlod np. 

Neat the Piazza Foatane Morose begins a broad line of streets 
huitt in the IBth cent., extending to the Piazza dell' Acqaaferdu 
near the railway-station, nnder the names of Vio Nuoiia, Via Nvo- 
viiaima, and Via Baibi, and forming one of the chief arteries of 
modurn tiaMc. In these streets are situated the most important 
palanea and several churches; some otthe fotmtr should be vlaitcd 
for the Bake of their magnillcent ataircues, whleh are among the 
most remarkable objects in Genoa. — Un each side of these loftiEy 
situated streets a oamplete labyrinth uf narrow lanes , occupied by 
the lower classes, descend M tbe left to tbe harbour, and ascend 
the hill on the right; here, too, the traveller will obaeivo many 
Interesting buildings. ,^i^ 

The Urst or these main iWeBts \aftvii «^ i.». "»■'«!■■«*■ ^'^^-^.^^j 
Trli(>l le Hanked by a siiceesflion (A ^tlvn/w. o« ^>»^ *^**- 

Sfi IlnuU 13. GENOA, Rii. 

right, Nn. 1, is the FiUminj Cen. Cambinin, nlt)i n taw pi( 
the ifith and ITth mui. of Iha Italiin and Nethcrlaiidi «dioob. Oil 
the left, No.?, Pataiso tAnnbaro, fDrmcrly Caniblixa. Right, tiv.Z, 
Palatta Parodi, oreuted Iti I56T - 81 by (isl. Alussi fur Fiuica La(- 
Diro, MDtiining fieBaacBbj LnRi>CiinLbiikBO,'>iid otheca. Left, No. 4, 
*Palaaso Cataldi, farmorl; C«Pg;a, etRRtsd ttboiit 1560 foe ToW 
I'anH''lcirLl. Kiglit, No, 5, Faiatto Spinola, by Oai. Alussi, pouau- 
ing an imposing vestibule, Btairense, and colaiiTiadod court, and • 
few plctoies , cliiefl; of the Geaoteo (Luca CatnbioBa) slid Bologna 
aubools, all eqneetrian portrait, and a Hailonna by Vao Uyuk. Lett, 
No. 6, Piitatao Giorgio Dori-i, contailiiiig severs] fivsco^s by Lnna 
Csiublaso and other pii;lures (CastlglioiiQ, Shepherd and ttfaepher- 
dess; YanUyok, Pnrtiait of a lady ). 

Loft, No. 10, Palmzo Adorno, aino by Gal. Mcssi{^i), Rontaios 
several good picturaa by Rubens, I'alma Vecfihio, Bassano, Bordone, 
Seb. del Fiombo, Mnntegiia(V% and others, but is not always shmrn 

Left, No. 13, PnUnxa Serrii, by Alesst, renindelled in the interior 
by De Wailly (d. 179IS) and Tagliafliw, contains a Bne hall. 

Right, No. 9, Faltuuo del Hnnioipia [P]. 23), Turmerly J3oWa 
Ttirii, erected by Sionfo Lurago (tiith r.ent.}, has a baDdaoine 
stairfiase and conrt, ingeniously adspteii to the rising ground en 
which it stands. 

Tbe VaUbKls in ailoined wilh flvs freacoei rnim Xlie life of IbsSoga 

CBUtxm on Iha upper flaor am uortraila of Cijombiu and Maroo Pclo la 
mosalB. In the adjacent ro.™ a Madonna beWiH^n two silnlr., hy 0«wtf 
Daeid of Brugei [not Van Eyck), and a CtucI&^od wllh SS. Mary njid 

Sshbimriif^lle!' A dihinfli''lQ'lhB l°n"i:on(llln^ Ibe vi'llil'ii L^Paganin' 
Left No. 18. *Falano KOMO (Vl. 25], so named from its red 
nolonr, of the 17th cent., foraiorty the jiroperty of tho Brignale- 
EaU family, with Its valnabiB oOiilonts, a library, and 'Pletvn 
Qallery (open 10-3, Mon. and Thurs. free, other dsya Ifr.), wag 
presented t^ the city of Oenna in 1874 by the MtiTi^hesa Hula 
Briguoie-Saiu , wife of the Msrebese Defeuari, Dukt of CaUieis 
(p. 81;), atid by their sou tllippo. 

tLnte-DhaiDbi-c, Into the OiuBi dillb' Ann Libeiuli, whicb, like Uw 
f.illuwing rrwms, dnriveti its name from the subjeot uf Iha ccilhiB paUt 
infs fby Oartani, Parcdl, Bt Ferrari, and iitderi), and contains three 

— Traversing a smaJI room lAltaia), wc enlor tUe principal uIWHU. 

FaiBily,'airBplie» of the piclote in the FaJamo ^tU ai FIopmibb (^v.Btt 

I Lanfraim, Bearing 

lUef an Ihe croui Farii BoribMi, PoKndt nr • ludyi Taa Dgft, The 
tribule-mDDet, wcklliBe Tlllan'n plclnre U DceKdeni BvitHr, Fgrlnll at 
■D old mu ; iScAosI 0/ Litwrdo ia Vbici, JuHn Ibrj BiplUl i /VrxaccJnl. 
'Siiota CruiveKBslDiiB'i Jftrflio CD, Holj yimily-, AiHj flordonf, Holy 
ymnily. Fillegre «olo, Holy FaniUy. — Vll. Btakb. dhu.* Titi dkli.- 
UoMi.: 'Km jIV*, PnrnaU i' Van Oyet, ThuM.rchESB aergnimaBciBnolc- 

(laro/alo. Madonna and lainU. — Cfllaiopifs fm Iha use of visitors. 

No. 13, opposite tha PaUzzo ICoeso, ia t!ve Poloiio Bianco, 
areitBd ill 1560-69, whloli was «lso for * long period llie property- 
of ibe RtignoU-SitU funilf, but was afterwards inherited by the 
Marrheae lit Ferrari. The niniQ has been given to it by way of 
contrast to the 'red palane' opposite. 

■_ .^_ „___ , , jo|riter, Blalaen by 

on <be crunnd- 

anus an 

B ^0 

Oina, ba 


OHOHl's V 

er »«ki of art 

cblcOy come. 

UEHi, hinned 1 


NO, and conlalnl 

8 alKut 300 <r 


cent., aeTenl ofwhlcb are tnleio 


bed 10 M>n» oT 


on uf -««p»*.l 


. Pdlerslnirg). a 

d nrnmed 'Mad 

dUto "ro 

kli IbB holy hiolilyifl reposing 


is IbiiUBhl to 

bo •! 

[ueilionalile. The gem of Iha 

deJln Roven', Mim lb< oak 
•fl reposing; the probahltlty tbat 
.renflboned: by tbe faet IbBt II 
if Pope Jnliua II, {Bovurul-, OS- 
noos engraving oiecnied by tbal 
la by aim. BttUnt, a Locreiia by Marfa d' Osn/iome, 

and nevenl works by F 

piataru of CsmMaM, SIrati, and other Oenocee maiten also dceervs no- 

Ciosaliig the small piuu iii front of these palaces, we eutoi the 
TiA NooYiaaWi {I'l. K, 3). At the and ol this street to the left, 
No. 13, ia the 'PHfasso Batbl. by Gregorig Petondi fl8th oeiil.), 
through wliit'h a fine view ia obtained of the lower lying Via LU' 
mdlini. — In the Plaaa dei Fomi, Dbllqunly t^posite, are the 
rild Zerea or tniiit, an otd Palaxxo Lomelliui , now the Ittlluto 
TrcnJen , and the Polaito Centurlonl, rinhly embBlUahud with 
mafblo, and containing aeveral pic^tnTeB. 

In the PisKM deil' Aniinnziata (PI. K, 21 ia the Capnchln 
cliiirdi of *S. Annnniiata (PI. 10), ereiited In 1587, with > portal 
borne by marble polumns, the brink (aniulo \5s,'i\i?, «Sw6v»'v*» ^■«>- 
flnlshed. It is a miriiform Miartme Vvft. i>. tem-^ "'.'^v^^^ 
being snppoited by tnulve l\ntefl wvA i\\\s.\\\\«™*»'^*^ '-J 


88 Route 13. GENOA. P.iLiao 

ricUy gilded >Dd painted. This is tlio must suniptiioUs 


In thB broad and liaiidsome Vu, BiLBi (Vl. E, 3), wi tho right, 
No. 1, IS the Tnluao KueBUo Dnrauo [PI. '20), fbrmerlr flUJf^ 
DuTiuso, DT d«I^ Srata, erected lu the 17th cont. hy Biirlolommeo 
Blnneo ol Como For thu B&lbi hmWy. Tbis ediQce is remsrkible 
for Its handsome fi^de with md impoiing gxtenay and balcony, lU 
fine TSBtibiilc. Bn<l tbu euperb Btaircue (ou the left), added bjr 
Andrea Tiiglinfito M tlie doee o( the 18th century. On the flm Doot 
U the *(>alf«'iii DuTiato-Fall'ivicml, foimud by uniciug a oollentltin 
formerly here with another from the Palazzo Pallatlcini (ji. %), 
and sbawii daily, 11-4. 


— III. Boon. Tlirt 
df PhUip IV. In n, 
Velarquti fftT IbM c 

the Bilbl, wbo hud nesnwtaile baeo banlBbed]. — 1' 
Conversion of Hi. Paul; corlnau b; TiHltriUo, AUari, 1 
HalMn lt)i Uufl, Luaa ofLcflii If), Uidonnm snd Nitltit 
Four ohlldnn, ikvluhei by Prriao tlii Vaga; aDH]] picture. 

On thu Tight side of tliu stteut, No. 5, Is the *Pftla»a dell' 
UnlTBTlit^ (PI. Li4) , begiltl as a Jeauit lullegu by Bart. Bimtfo in 
Iti'JS, anil erected inlo a aiiiTersity in 1812. The rich murC ntid 
staircase ice prohably the Uncst etniclorefl of the fclnd at Uenoa. 
The baildinK EontsiiiH b libmry, a natoral history museum, a eusII 
botanical Kai'deii, snd seyeral bron/es by (iloniami Ha Hoiogna. 

Next, an the left. No. 6. Fal. Darntzo, with a Eimple nuloiinmle. 

Left, No. 10, FbIuid Beala [PI. 21 ; E,%'], ereeteil in the 17th 
I'oiit. by the Lombard nrchitectE fVcmo. CanUme and Giov. Ang. 
Fiiieont tot ibu Dnrizin family, and extended by Carlo Fontima of 
Rome at the beginning of the 18th cent., waa purnbascd lu 1815 
by the royal hmily, and restored by Carlo Alberto in 1H42. It noii- 
tairia handsome staircases and balconies and sumptuously furnished 
apartments [ahown d&ily, except when the royal family is In re b1- 
dencu). The pictures and antiquiticB are of no groat value. 

AnlE-Cluuabei: BatUe-plecss by SutroKa. Boom on tbe right: Van 
Diet, Portnll of a ladr; good portrall of tbo ]..umbaTd icbool, nltrlbuled 
to LeB„. da Tbiri: PtriHB tfil Vata, Hoi; Funit;. Tu the right a liand- 

OD Ihe tlirlil, Apollo mi iiwIliDO, un the lefl, Hetcury; at Ibe eod, Kap^ 

cunl^ns a CrucHixton bf Fan Deci: the lUird, "Adiillcrui by Monlla, 
Tbe llirnnc-room la idoriHiil wltb twn lar^c plclures bj Lvca Oiordano. 

The terrace cnmmaiids a fine view nf the liity and harbonr. 

In (he PiAiu AoauAVRRUB (PI. 47 ; D, 1) rises the Statno of 
Colninbni, who is said to bave been born at Couoltto (p. tl3) in 
11139. It was erected in 1SG2, and stands on a pedestal adorned 
with ahlps' prows. At the feet of tba statue, which rests on an 
anclior, hnoola Ihe figure of America. The monument, which r^on- 
siata entirely of while marble, is siirroniided by allegorical figures 
in a Kitting posture, representing Iteligion , Geography, Strength, 
and Wisdoiu. 

Bolween Iheae are reliefd uC aci^ncf from the liiiit' 
Ibtf Inscription of dedlcaUcin : ^A CrUlofifrv CotomU 
naio un Moadu la oDniui di peremi bmijlii aW Daiiw 

ii the Pulazso Faraggiana, wiih a macblu fiieie n 
from tbe life of CQlumbus, snd an iiisciiplion. 

In Cite Piazza. iiBi. Pkikoifb {PLC, D, 1, 2), lo the W. of iha 

at the sgc of 95). It w«b rpmodpUed in 1529 from deaiisns by Giw. 
(4nir. .Wonfc)T»nli, und silomed with frespoes by Prrino del Vaga, i 
pnpil af lUphsel. 

palDUnei uf RipbaaJ, 

Tlie drier tirsnrb nf (he IMriik fumll}', In whum Ibe pitlui 

The gsnleii of the paUne , extenilirie tflwsrda the harbatir, 
ROiitalns an extensile Lnggii wllli sTRnitcs. The gurdenB on the 
hill oppnsite, vith t statue of Uerr.ules ('II Oigiintt) in ■ iiiolie, 
■Iw Mnvig: to the e a tale. 

Farther nn, in the direction ftf tha Molo Nuovo, str^Mhes the 
new and ehadelens Fa»o Nwmo promeniile, whi>;h, together with 
the Via MUano (¥1. C, B, 3j , nina abovi- the exten^ve iai1,viLf 
nl»g»ilTiC'» (MagBBizinl Oeiierali), slid uoiuuiBiidB a Iliie •View. — . 
In thia road, beyond the railway, Ilea thi> Patntso deilo SBOfflietlo, 
the property of Sign. Vittte RoBazza, the nharming gardena of whieh 
bIbo comtnand a line view fgnrdeuer, 1 fr.). 

The Jifota Nuovo and ths Ligklhtmsi, see p. Si. 

t)B tbe coail, farther l« tho W., Ilea Ihc suburb of BamBlnauaiu 
a. Ficr d'Arma (cab wllb one hi>rsc 2. witb two luiTneg i</, b.) , i 
IT.eW inliab. and niimeroui palacsa and eardens, ini^hidlng Uis .nilqtw 
■ft.inoln, and tbe Paltira Scqiii. fonnprly Imperiali, with a jilftui— 
gaidsn, bolb piubilily erestea bv GaL Alesd, Tb« cbureb ot S. » 
atlla CtUa CDDlBina freaciieB uf the Qeniieae ichiiul. Thtrc Is a large «i 
rorinery here. ~ Railway BtaUon, ace p. 74; traTiiwiy, see p. 79. 

The most faTourite promenade ia iho small park of "Aofm 
Scdft (PI. G, a, 4 ; i37 ft, above the a™), adorned with a fountain, 
situated oh an eminence at the S.E. end of thu town (approaCJied 
most conveniently from the Piazza delle rontano Moiose by the 
Stllta S. Citeriiii). Tbe grounds were liiid out in their pieMnt 
fOnn on part of the old ramparts ot the town in 1B3T. During th« 
mililsry concena (p. 79) on Sunday afcenioons ihe ground* te 
erowdud. Pleaaaiit viewa in tbe E, and S., Hneat towards tha lea. 

To tbe N. of Arqna Sola la the, •VillBL Hagro (PI. 46; reacliad 
from the Piazxa Mazzini , ot from t\\u We^iva-'a, ^-l *«%af» 

Cnmv fimto. GENOA. 13- fi™ 

Iflli' lliltietin*), the property of the cMy, uiiil open to Ihe pnW 
(ilh a wi^U-ki'pt linrden , a edisU museum of Mstural UlsloiT 
{open oil Sundays], and tbe begiiiitiiiBB uf a. Zoological Garden. 
WindinB promenadea ascend hence to a bastion at the Ijsefc of tho 
Tills, about lliO ft. above Aeqna Sola, TOinmandin^ a fine survey ol 
the dly, the harbour, and environa. — The wallt may be pleaBsnlly 
extended thus; from Anqnt Soln proceed t« the S. by Murn S. 
SUfano, then by Afura Sta. Chiara (Cum U the left and follow the 
•n walla). Mitra del Frnlo (^to the left, below, Is Ihe Maaiccmio. 
nnatic asylum), and then by AJurn delU Cappairme, and Mtirn 
HtUa Stngn, to the Piaan delta Cava (PI. F, 6). From thla point 
■we may proceed either to S. Maria in Cnriymmo (f. 84), or to the 
Afolo Vecchio (p. 81). 

TiiB Ti& di CircDiiTBllaiiDna, & msgnidcent route on thi> hUla 
at the back of t1ie town, which will vie iu beauty wjth the OnrHi 
Vittnrlo Emauuele at Naples, ia now approaching complittian. ll. 
begins on the E. at (he Pimai Manin (_PI. H, 3 ; SIH ft. above th« 
sea-ievel), and leada tbenr.e aioni; the elope, across a viaduct and 
in long windings , under isrioiis names i Cono Botferino , Corto 
MagtMa, Corea PafnninU, to the Albergo del Fovtri (PI, E, F, 1, 
2; 318 ft. above the sea), a hospital fbundt^d in the 17th cent., and 
laal extended in 1835, accomniodating 1300 persons. Thetma it 
descanrts to the Piotsa Annunalnln f PI. E, 2 ; p. 87), It 1e to be 
lutiitinaed to the Piazza Acquaveide. — Anothei fine street in 
pouTse of cunattuntion is the Via di CWcnnvaUaciorK al Mure, lead- 
ing from the harbour to the mouth (foeej of the Bisigno. 

The *Campa Banto iCimitero di Stagiieno, openeil at ID a.m.), 
eitnated oti the slope of the valley of the Biaagno, I'/s M. from 
the lovn, is reached from the Ptazia Deferrari (p. Hi) by the VU 
Qiulia, Via S. Vincenio, and Porto Bomano (P1...1I, i; oab thure 
and bank T) fr. ; omnibus 30 c). It vras laid out with noiisldetable 
laslR in 1867, and contains several good *Moiiumoiits. One nf the 
flnest Is that of March. Tngllacarne In the lower row an the right, 
above No, 369. The whole arrangement of the cemetory is In- 
, lerostiiig, as slw tbe rotunda in Ihe upper row, the internal gallery 
of which Is borne by monolithic coliimns of black marble. At the 
upper end ot the cemetoiy, on the left, is the tomb of Qiuaeppe 
MaxI^ini (d. 1872). — The large pipes which are seen crossing the 
valley to the side belong to the vtater-worba of tbe city. 

Eiounlimi. To the W. (o Pcgl* I'Villa HallavlrJni), a nlation nn tho 

7 Ir.), Til Ihr E. to S. tfiiFgheHtt, (by ra^wayj, anil tUtnii tu Fon'ofina, 


letnt anil emrlcd bIi.uu, lirlglil t"'" piBC-foreiU, ud iumrluil gt 
lit flgK, rlncn, citn>ns, nrsn^ca, oleuiden, myrUea, »d i>Ii>ea bhui us 
view, anil rien pslmo art rjcEtalonallT a«D (at S. Bsmo and BordlehB*]. 
Kan}- of llio luwni ar^ iwluTcaquely liluled an eaatlf iilopiaK hal^M* 
(Purlo Maiiriiiii, 3. Kuni>j, Hnrdiehora, VcDtlmlgJlBJi olheri, cmunaMcd 
(ly Hidcnl slnini^hijLda and Dulles, are perclied like neiti aviHig Hbla 
roolu (RiHUiahrnDa, Bia). HmilJ nhuretaoi and ehapBta pfBriag fum tb( 
Hunliru ruliage iiF cyprcuM , Bnd giitaDLic grcf plDnaclai nr nicfc riaim 
iinHidly nliuvB Iho imlJlnc ulnini, (cvqiienlly edhmicH (hu cbamu o J t»« 
BdHery. Flnall]', Ihr vatl Fnuanic or tlic gea, wllh iti ever vaiylne bDU: 
rnriM <in<j M (bo cbl'^r allnclliitu. M nno lino i( (n hathed is a A^ 
r.f aunitilD*, at uiu<lior it« hesuliful bliia colour arrcils Ihe eyei w irUt* 

din Ian w. 

Thd railvn; «klru the coast, anil rann paTatlel wllh [be hlgb 
ronil as far as Savons. Tbo noniBTOQa proiDontoriea are peiietntted 
by tiiiiii.'ls. 2VaM. S.FIerd' Arena, see pp. 90,74; S'/jM. Oomt- 
gliiiao (''GraiKl Hlitel Villi Riehel; Albpr^ dolla CauflfleilM, on' 
t1le iDftd I'rom CorniBllano to SeHtril, with iinmBroiis rillag, -Well 
adapted Tnc a pralongoil etny In thu months of April and May. 

5 H. StiM Poatnlc (10,500 Inhab.) sla<) possessuK a immhet nf 
TtllM, a. nhurch adoniod Kith frisflCDua, and busy wharvua (tram- 
nay, see p. T(l). The Villa Kobb! has a beaaUful garden. Ttie 
'QroUa' otSmtn has been known for two iieiituTli:s. The hotel It 
riir,amniendcd for a \la!t of somu duration (pension 8 fr,]. 

6 M. Fegli i^Qrand mini dt Pegli, fiicmocly Palazzo LomelUujt^. 
with garden, pension 9-11 fr. ; tlttti Oiirgiiu; thesu two on di^ 
tOUt;'JlStelirAngleterTe. noar the station; atfi-Hettaarant Bt». 
tint, pBn«lon6-7fr.), a small sea-bathing placu, with 7300inh«*.j 
whleh attrarta numeroiiB vUilora from Genoa, ia adaplod, like Ooml- 
glfauo and Sesiri, for a realing'plane on the way to thu favoarlW 
wintering plaRss on the Riviera. A number of pleasant villai ara 
ilao situated here , ani^h ns the Villa Rostan , with grounds in tk& 
ICn'lish style. Villa Elena Doris, and partlcuUrly the lieautUni 

*r////f JiiOat'ieini, which torina a {avoaiVUi a^i^eM Vot %\\ euwoita«i( 

. .. „ . , iplcil i>ImW, nume of Ihcm 

remsrHiiblj fine. 

8 M. Prft, another siniU oliip-bullilliig place ; S) M. Vollrl (M- 
bergo SvizEsro), with 13,S00 iiiliab., whicli oarrleE on a uoiisider- 
able trafHc In 'nouflturci', situated at the mouth ot tho Cemio In 
a fertile plain epriiiklod with vUlss. L . 

Beyond Voltri numefoiiB tnimeiB and bridges. iS'/ii M. Arm^ * 
mnu; bi?autiful [RttnapcRt of the coasC as far as Udihii. Iti M. 
CoipUio, the BuppoBed bicllipliice of Ooluinbus (p. 8^). Thn housn 
in wbich hs ia said to have been born, novr a poor tavern, bears 
tho inioription ; — 

SuMpaa^ HtU fffadum- Fuit hie tax piima COttmbo; 
Orh, vira majari Aio n«mu arcia ilamiul 

aO'/i M. Varaxse, or Yoragme, a town with SMK) inhab,, Is a 
considerable ship-buildini; place. The coast oil both sides of it is 
rocky, and there are numerous cutliiiga and tunne!i. 

23 M. CeUe; 2D M. Alblasota, at llio nioulh nf the Saniobbio, 

"^'litS. 8&T0IU (Rnit. Rtitaurunt; Albergo Sninero; Hunui ; 
Jlalia), a town with 26,300 Inliab., the eapttsl of tin' M.iut.-noUp 
depanmt^nt under Napnicou I., is diarmiogl; sitnatod nniiilnt 1^'ninii 
and oraoite gardens. Tho harlwllt, commanded by a Ion, preavnis 
a busy Bceiic. Tho Cathedral nf 1604 contains spyituI good piu- 
tnrea. The handsorno theatre, erected in 1853, is dedicated lo the 
poet fMabrera (1552-16375, a native of the place. The ohuroh of 
Mailotwui dtgli Anyeli affords a Sue view of the town. .Savona «ds 
the birthplace of the popes Status IV. and Julius U. (dDlla Rovorel. 
Santtiario dl Savona, ten p. 76. 

Ienm Smona lo Twin, see pp. Tl-TE; la AluimMn, me p. TS. 
31 M. Vado, On this aide of the eitenslvo Capo Bergrggi a duo 
•EctroBpeot of Ihe Riviera as far aa Genoa I9 enjoyed. Then « 
tunnel and gilleries, through the archos of wWsJi'Jftft is.^iraA.'Owi 
small island Of Bemggi «-^ seeiv IVft «,x^««-i.«=«>Y, ^^ ^S^^SS^* 
WIS attended with muuh dUBcoVti'^cTO, awS.'iB^*^*-^'^'"*'*^ 

'J4 Eoutf Id. ONEGLIA. 

are Iravi^riea. 35 M. Spotomo; 37 M. Null, a 
by ileiise olive-grove is , witli the n * ' 

4'2 M. FinalmilTlnn. la the aeapnrt niiil principal par 
of Finalt. which uoiiiistB of three diffi-rciit viUaKea. To tho rigiit 
llos BoTj/a , the oldast part, with a iviBtltt snd » usthailnl irith 
double tMlunins uf nhite marble , n domo , and rich gilding ; uid 
faithBT In the E. i> Pinalpia. — 4!)>/^ M. PMraUgun , with t&e 
luina of a castlu in the middle of Che village. 48 M. Louno ; to Ae 
tlgbt of the line iru two supprcaaed montaterleB, of whiob AfoHic 
Carmela , (he higher , Breuted by iha Dorlna In 1609 , oommaudB » 
lliie view. The large twelvo-slded church of the village was also 
creotod by the Uoriss. Beyond [50 M.) Cerinie , with its anolout 
fbrtidcatlouB , the mountaina recede. The line now quits the Malt 
end traveraca olive groves, vineyards, and onharda. 

53 M. Albenga (ALbergo Reale) , the Albigau-num of the Ro- 
mans, an ancient Iflwii and episnopal rcsideiwe. Abmit V^ M. 
to the K. of ihe town aie exteaaive leniains of the I'ante LuntW, 
a Komaii bridge. Several chateaux of the Did noblease with lotty 
lowers; BBthodral willi towers and oleBant facade, all of bllok, 
— To the left, from the sea, rises the rocky island of GaUimiTa, 
aowiied with a lower. 

The train eroBsea the Ceala and skirts the proniontor; of S. 
CVoce. SevetsL tunnels. 57 M. &lMiiO tOritnd HStel d'Alaitio) 
Hotel de Bomr,), a aeapoit and summer bathing-place, with JSQu 
lahab. sud orangeries oontaining palm-trees, btl'/j M. LaiguegUa; 
beautiful retrospect of the wild Capo dclla (Jroce. The tulu 
peuDtratea the prDinineut Capn dtlU -Vtlt by means of a long cuunel, 
and antura a vsUey thickly platited with olives. 6'2 M. Figna-An- 
dora; the village of A.ndara lies on the hill to the right; Itieil 
several tunneU. Si'/ij M. Ccrvo, pieturesiiuely situated ou tlie 
slope i then [66 M.) Dianu Marina, In a fertile plain ; to the right, 
inland, Diam CuiteUi}. — The train outers a tnuro oxlensive 
ooast diatrlct, in which Oneglia and Porto Mauriiio are sitDated. 

SdVz M' Oneglia (ICait. ReslnuTunti Mhcrgo del VipomJ , a 
tieautifuUy situated town, wllb 8000 itihab. and a shall ow harbour. 
The prlaon near the atntioTi somowbat reaemhles a churcb. 

The train crosses the broad stony bed of the Impero, which the 
road cMBsee to the left by a neat suapens ion-bridge. —71 M. FiDtg 
KanriKlo iHdtel dt Fruace) , a town with 7900 inhab. and a gMkd 
harbour , most ptuturoaquuly situated in the midst of dniiBe olivA- 
grovea, and frequented of late as a winter lesidunce. This town 
14 the seat of the authorities of the district. 

74 M, 8. LoTciao. The low, massive towers which now risa tX 

Intervals along the ceaet to the right of the line , some of wlitoli 

have been oooverted into dwelliug-housi!a , were ereated fbr the 

defence of the ctruiitr; againai l^ariiCPii marauders in the Slh nuI 

ifiOtb Bentariaa. fS'/^ M. BivaHgun. 1o t\\o(\6\H,miQs6\sa.W»ta 

SAN REMO. 14. Route. 

\Sn<[ 8. Stfftma , bryoiid whluli tho broml Vnl Taas'H 
turpi. The traiii uroeses (he Tai/gia aiirl stops st j^T'Jl/gM.^the atsCluri 
of thftt namB (the village liea 3 M, up the valley}. Beyond the riuxt 
short tuiinol » vellay opens on tho tlghi coinmandiTig a chsrniiiiR 
view of Bumma, romantiBally pcrohed on a rout. Tha villagn oppos- 
ite to It la Poggh, which flrat beconiee visible. The train now pass- 
es through the Capo Verde by means of a tunnel &ud reaches — 
85 M. Bon Eemo. — HoCsli sa<I FmHHu. On Ihi W. Sidi of im 


mi althB CtrnOh /^ftr'-i r^ " Iv !■■ I'^U^ .iiul ri>ncprlfl 

jbdcrltttlon flirthe wipm. j' ^'iIi M' j' 'ihi.'ii. i '^ii, t'lt mimlUI'ifr. 

Bnellib, Oi-i. D„ r, , ! «.M...,/!; Carman, 

H, GalU, bnil Biemmiiu: lliLli.iTt, /'j .. .i .~-,u-Ji^ Amentia, OnuUi^ 

inn, Paniiii (■ good botanist), via Pnlwuo. — £u(*(, al Dr. 
iUblluement Rjdnllb^rBpIque, lOmln. to Ihe K. iittbcHnlel 

__J» in tttc Via Vitl. BmiiBiielg 9, in the Penti.<n. &>&»~. 

Tslwnph On», Cor>n GaiiluUdi 7, kt Ilie &. <;u& tVi VV» vu-w- 

Biukaii. Au/uasciiUi, K«Wno, haft in \1iii '^"^''■^"■'''^■^I^^^S:™^, i 
Shtft. flanrfo^d, booWl*\\BI, VVtL Fe(ii\»- ^^ '■^'' ^iTO^ •i»-'9««* 
•I uafs ilreel of the Iowa, am shops mb uiNft^ ^«.vum »•* ™" 


— Donhsf per day 6, UsU'riav 

1 vemm 1 ft. . for •cmnl 2tr. 

Bn^h OhBiDh SBrriw during Ihe xeuon. 

Sim Renio, althoii^li tpp4rently > aro»U pUnc, MnUint 11,000 
liihib. , (leiieuly erowded in the alder pirts of the town, wliMl 
consist nt a lAbyrliith of quaint and iiiitov Isitea , flighti or sUp«, 
irahwnys, lofty bti<1 Bouibra liouBt^s, and mouldering walls. IHle 
nrchee by nhiob tbe houaeg arc connsctt^d high above the itteeli 
»re intended lo give them Msbility In rj»P of eerthquakPS. The 
town, which was formerly fortiflpd , etauds on a hi11 bolween two 
short valloys, and the houses rislit; our above another receive 
thi'lr modUum of Itghc and air from the back only. Ciutlgltuolif 
a gmaUer quarter on the W. side, is sluiilarly eltuated. 

The R. pRrt of the Cnwn lerminatea in an eiaineiice approaekad 
hy hrosd ruada shaded by oypresses , eommanding r.hanning TleWB 
of tho bay and oiouiitaiiiB . and crowned with the white dame- 
™vorod chureh of the IHadonna dtlUi i'oita, in front of whldi 
there is a large hospital fbr lepers. On a more prominent point 
stands the Villa Carbouc , with a low octagonal tourer (too Vj fr-), 
tiifl panorama from which fonvoys a ROod idea of the peculiirltiM 
of tfau ettnatlan. The island of Corsica is visible in the distanoe 
to tho S. 

Another walk may be taken to the W. pier of the small har- 
bour, which ia defended by the fort of .St. TecUi, ereoted by 
the Genoese, and now nsod as a prison. A aarvey from the appet 
platrOriD of the Molo will convey au idea of the sheltered position 
of thI^ town, which renders the climate as genial as (hat of Hentona 
and has brought the place into notice as a winter resideiics for 
invalids. In front of the Epcetalor rieea a hill Id au almost Tegnlit 
aeuiGltcIo around the town, slopin*; upwards from the Capo Nera 
by La Colls to its culminating point in the Viano (iarparo and 
Monto blgnone , which attain a height of nearly 4000 ft. , and 
deaoendlng thence to the Capo Turde , the summit of this barilei 
being nowhoro more than 4 M. distant in a straight lino. The 
N. winds are therelbre entirely eidnded from this favoured spot, 
especially as i double range of Alps rises behind the Mwn ■ Itttln 
farther back, while at the same tiiue the violence of the E. and W. 
winds is much brokrn. In the ilch vegetation of this nook tlie 
ol/re preiinmitiateB, and the hiWs itwvn ne ■:Wrfti wVithed with 
placB. Vouiitry-ioaaes and uhuiBhas poc? tioia »,m\!a^. Sw "Jta* 

rio Met. BORDIOUBRA. U. Kaiite. ^^^M 

gcovee ill every ilirDctioi. , the hlglieet being at San Romolo »twM 
footof rteBlgnona, towMnli tho low vlsliiira «!io remain throughout 
tho emamer Tewrt in order to esRipe fram the best. Seteial lliie 
palms rise in the priiicip&l atieot of the lowec and nioiieru pait of 
the ta-wn , and otbeig in the 'paim- quarter' of the old town , and 
other plueR (romp, below). 

WuKi Bomsroan and plcuanl, but occuionnlly rough. Nur (be 
•talioD ue tbe Binrdinc PuitUro, cnnlolninB palmi>, eucalyplui, etc., ud 
a amall (ounlaiB, and Ibo Cdtk MenBgioma, which (ermlnalu lowardi Ihs 

auqiicea of the Bmpreia of Bunis. The Piaat ihellered walk higher up 

it Ihe 'Maiioimi dtUa Bmrdia on tlie CiipB Vtrdt, retnnilng liy Pofgio. 
_ Tu .3. BBtniito 3 brs., an eicanion fur which a donhe; ma; bs hirad. 
About 3 hn. higher rimts the Jfuiili Ai^iidiib (1235 ft.), wliicb ciimiDaiida 
a hDaotirul panorama n[ the sea to the 8. and (he Harllime Alpg to the 
N., un the wer back from which the Anao dtl Rt, a celebratud pninl of 

— To La Oilla by Uipediilelti (lee helowj 3 hn.; or direct, bv a very 
ancient road, 3 U. 

The train passes through a tunnel under the Capo Nero, while 
Ihii road winds over the promontory at a considerable height. . — 
B8>/s M. OtptdaUtti la also the station for the loftily aituateil 
(1 br.) Lii Cntla, the lowii-haii of which mnlaine a valuable pic.- 
tiire-giUery. A view la now soon ohlalnedof the palm-groves nf — 

92 H. SordifflianL, — Estala. 'mni. BoKDinusB.!, with a garden 
iifpaliDii, pouB. frOBi Sfr-i °Uoi£L irAKOLKieKiia, ewd cuisine, peni. lOfr.i 

Fhyaiciaoi; Dr. OooMiUil and Dr. OhrlAtcUer. 

EniUab Ohuiih, ILov, F. C. Waithvutt. 

BoTiiightra is situated on a hill prnjeedng inta the sea, and 
nonsiata of an upper and a lower quarter. Deaiitiful 'View from the 
top of the hill (from tho torraue of the small GifS Cadiana, pension 
5-6 (r., to the left as the piotureaque upper part of the town la 
entered), embracing the bay of Ventinilglia, Mentono, and Monaco 
as far as the Bst^rela, with groves of palme in tho foregrauud 
I PWnJj: daeiylifera, the frait of wMuh seldflm ripeua sufdciently 
here to be edible). A oonBtdtrable trade is carried on here In palm 
branches and young palm-trees. The palm-garden of Sign. Moreno 
is worthy of a visit. The climate is almoat as mild at that of Mon- 
tone and San Itemo, but la more bracing and eqQabl(>, and i[iva!ida 
frequently Mme here tor nhange of air, and even to apeiid the 
whole winter. EKCursion to the neighbouring Boletaeqva with thu 
ancestral chateau of the Doriaa of Genoa, and to Pipno. 

Farther on , to the right of the line , ia tho Protestant school 
of CiUcerDifa, tmmedistBly beyond which a brook is oroesed, and 
a gltaipse of the Maritime AIpe obtained. 94V2 M. Tsutiiniglia 
('Rail, fjealnurunl ,* H&Ul dt I' Europe), where pasaeugers' liigi^^ ia 
eicamlned at the French nuatom-house. 'Vnotowxi, •«>«.*. v. »»'vvt.- 
lUn frontier-fcrtresi, wUb BOW \wU\..,\^e*'<e:r)-^\w«M^«i?'^'; 
a blU beyoad the Sojit , a stiuauv -N^ioitt \««».6. *'^'»-'i ™*- 
«t«»«n>. jmj 1. Uh IBUt. ^ 

9S Route li. MENTOKE, From 

Hue nrosaflB fsrthar oii. Tlie train pneae 
appmachns Ibe sea. Vien limited. — [On this part ol 
the seenery ia niuih flner on the ruad than on the tallw&y. 
toiil aaccnds gradually and Is guarded by forta at the higheat point. 
In deaecndliLg it EomniaitdE ati eKtciisive liew of thf^ French no4U, 
and puBBBS tluough eLiTuml villages, affording Beieral Una retfB- 
spedB. On a hill to the right are the ruius of a Komsn fhrt. Mor- 
toia, with Its chuToh, farther on, stands plctnreaquely on a ruohy 
eminence. The mad then skirts a gorgu and ascends to the Imst 
height, where a view uf Mentona Is disclosed. Imraodlately beyond 
thia point la the Itnlisn ilogana. On the hill to the rigbt lies Gri- 
moldj. Clisrming rauntry-houses irlth lemon and orange -gardens 
and luxuriant legetation are now passed. The de?p gorge crossed 
hy the font Si. LuaU forma the boundary of France.] - 
tOli/j U. KeuUme, French Menlon. — Hotdi ac 
Ok tut W. Ba^. (DitJoraedlslBBee from the. «. QuaMter 
XTrlians: °Kf>TEi. U£S Iles HaiTAKHiaDEB, well OMed up; adjaDcnl, -IiaMi. 
MiTiuKAi., nev and Hio slnilrAMv Utted dp, witb a lift-, -HAtudd LoDrfcE, 
MBiAaa on the Itl Wnm 1&, 3nd fliwr 13, 3rd ll.ior II fr.; Kutbi. ps Vb- 
KisEi Penhio:! Crutralk; 'HiWki. u-OaiENT, aaolr eltunledi Hilrn, mm 
ElBABOEBSi Pebstos hks Pnixcts i HiiTEL utB Aiii!ASB«i>Bci«, Qurllcr 

8t. KocbBi iHrtcl. MauiTCaBANfiBl HiiMI. l.-.\NOI.ETEnillt (Villa BHIMbsl). 

C™iral llljirioti Hutbi, Kot.i., adji.iniji]. Ibe CertUi -HflTRL db TimiM; 


On Ihi E. Bay: Rdrii, ba la OiunDE I)BHTAaHi| 'Hdru d'lTAIIUI, 
Willi pleatant garduu, palroDised by (be Kdfllsta, and 'HSrsb BlLUmn, 

Ahglaib, lycquFnted cblellf by EoicJiBb: 'Ouakd HAtki.. wilh large ebc- 
deni 'pBBBioir BiiAU-Sim -HflTaiiSEAUnivAOE! -IHtu!. Mirabeao, •fn- 
BianUauHiii,, In Ibe nUa Marino: ■PanaioB Ht. Mabta. — FB>sIua8-t6fc 
per day. aBdufllve of Area And lights. 

,e Cenlral Dislric. 

during UBiDniFr. with the a] 
1 Ihc Qoartiw 81. Roslle u 

V L, 

wb d aw . 
Q mparo bcm a^in wbei 

d vl as, a I'sl of wblch ma; be obtained 
1 eontraelB toi ■ ■ - 

', and ]i>e lasB sipensivelT nm M 
ip p. B6. 

US a rctdine-room, and IHqaUtl]r 
D BD tr. (ur tbEieason, ladles 18 ft.) 

!!a.i di Faiii! Jleilauranr dH ArdK — 

loU, an* B(ordet,^n4\Wai, Dri, H-HWA 

Tuosdsy tnd ThurldJi; in tlie jBrdln Fuliilc. 

unaveni m tne Qiarlier Maaonok, every luiir, 50e. 

homo !•!, fr.( per hciur 1'/, or 31^ h. ; ftir hi.lf-a-a«y oi.B-liimeB-10, per 
d&y 12-16 fr. , twD^Loru Sarr. ; tu Uihiicii villi iiuo bune, Ofr. — Sm- 
ksyi 5 fr. per finif, ^/i ft. for hilf-a-day, and gntutly, 

£Bfllih Ohartui ftwrin dnrtag I}l« Behjou. 

Menttme, a small town with 5000 inhsb., formerly IjBlonglng 
to th» priiicipftliCy of Monaco, auQ afterwards nuder the Sardinian 
stipremacy, was annexed to France In I860. It ii churmlngly 
gUusted on the Bay of Meiitone, wMcli U divided into the Rile lU 
I'Est and the Bale dt i'Oueat by a rooky pcamontory , and being 
protected by a girdle of rocky moontiiliis from the N. winds , la 
considered one of the most fnYonrsble spota for a winter- re aldonco 
on the Klviera di Ponenta (^meau temperature about 3° Fahr. 
higher than at Nine; a cold wind, however, generally prevails 
towards noon, eBpeelally at the point where the valley opens lo- 
wiirda the W. bay]. The vpgetatlon la Iniuiiant, consisting chiefly 
nf orangi! and lemon grovsa Interapereed with gnarled carob-treea 
(ci-ratorla slliquij, 6gt, ollvsE, etc. The Promeimde du Midi and 
the Jardin Publie are favourite walks in the afternoon. The min- 
ed canllo nil the above mejitloned rocky promontory , wblah has 
been converted Into a buriaUgrouiid, stTurda a line view, embracing 
S. Agneee on a lofty hill, erected Ibr dcfeiice agaiuat the Saracens. 
Another piotnresqoo point is the monastery of S. Amuaaiata, la 
which a tolerable path ascends [iw l/j hr.) from the Turin road (to 
the left immediately beyond the railway). Pleasant and sheltered 
walks may also be taken to th<! Valllt Oorbio (also practicable for 
driving}, VuUie CabroU, and ValUe dt Mmion , and to the Cap 
Mnrlln, which bounds the Bay ot Mentone on the W, ; another to 
Orimaldi (p. 98). to the K., Immediately beyond the fioutier 
bridge, where a lower in Br. Rennet's gardan commands a line vifiw ; 
another lo Morlola (p. 98), whele admission is granted to Mr. 
Hanbury's beautiful garden. 

tienCD In CuHvK«i< 

ud Auuallo (p. ion. - 

- Also ll, (1 

H.] Catuaar to 

li« inmrnlt of tb« B«<hb (3-1 

noaataiDS of Iha >^oal 

eipauae uf a 

»n a=d Oo«i« 
e, ioBkay-lirer, 

e-, LouU Jnn 

must be ace 

.mplOtaed a 

(out).. - To 

ilumiDeby (3 hrs.) 

n ■ aura 

ed Tl&He of 

OBk (J^w* 


mo. S. Agaiae the 


raaj \)e u 

«(b/ tbto tbe Bene 

an, alao 


.. fcw\>™ 


Uini, ud Dtlior diiluil eMU-bllli. The road now fuIGn n bleak moon- 
Uin-dialriut. On Ihu Ifift li Eia (p. 101), & emop nf grey and Tanerible 
liDuiBs -Hlili & whIW oBpanile, parched on u lnoliitid tocIe rising tbirupt- 
ly rroni Ibe idler. Tbe caliniDaUng point ol the nud in aiiw mataed, 
ud the wixidfd pruoonlory of Bt. Jem (p. 107), AniNlftM (p. VXl, ud Vaia- 
/rinai (p. 106) hecoBiB viilble. BofOnd these • view ii> nliUlned or the 
bcuililhl vklle; of JHei (p. 101), «ltb iu illlu, miinuigriu, viU»ceB, tfld 
green Mill. 

The Bailvat front Mentono to Nice sfcirU the coset the whole 
way, and afforda very Inferior vlewa to the magniUcent and lofty 
carriage - load. It cro^ea the Boriyii, penetritoa Capo MarUtto 
[iue above) by means of a tunnel, and stops ut stat, Cabbt- 
fiDgucirune. The village [Ital. RnMnbruna) Hub nn the hlU to 
the right, In the midst of orange and leniuti giovuB, commanded by 
a ruined caatia. 105Vs M. JWonlt Carto, sUtion for the Cnwno u( 
Monaco (see below). 

107 M. XamuM). — HitaU. 'lHat-t. ut FiBiH, on > grand scale, 

H&TBi.s'imH B.iMMiil Co*B'iMi'BK."^n UiB nuarler''L. Con dauiine, "near 
the station and Ibe sw; Akglktrbee. Aicnne dn Uunle Carlo : 

Carriase tnim tba itation to tlia town li/j, per hr, 3£r.t Iwo-biitge 
can. to Kiee Wfr. 

Afonocu , plcttirciqiiely situated on a hold and prominent rook, 
lE Che capita) (ITjOO inhab.) of the diminutive principality of iti^t . 
name, to which Mentone and Roecabruiia also belonged dowii to 
1848. I'he ptlneoB, who were anciently renowned for thefi naUal 
exploits, eiBtcise «a<Hieign rights, bat the euatoma stid poat-oAlee 
aiu In the hands of France. The palaue (shown on Tuesd., 2-4 
p. ni.), which is adorned with frBscoea, contains a aiiite of suiiiplu- 
oualy furnished apartments, and poascssus a dne gotdeii. Pleasant 
promenades extend round the rocky point , which cj^mmanda a 
beaatiliil view of the sea-coast to the E., particularly striking by 
evening light. Visitors are attracted to Monaco by the mildness 
of the ollmate in vrinter , and by the sea-bnthtng In summer , but 
the chief Inducement to many la the 'tapia vert' at the Coiino, 
which stands on a promontory to the E, of the towji, surrounded by 
hetatj'nl grouuAs (caftf, biiirIc Iwire rtaU^-, rliEsfral concerts on 
&arBii»ya), and commanding a hue -iiow ^tifium Vu.'Cuva, w* 


wintor (Sir "^ 

m). The garden of tlio ViU't Waieirstu, opfin I 
TbnradBiys [ram 1 to 5, Is worthy Ufa ilait. 

Beyond Moiudd the train passflB Clirough three lung mid Bevciral 
shorter tonneU. Ill M. Stat. Esa; tlie vilUgt^, situated on t-n 
lanlatcd rnofc on tha right", high sboTB the line , waa ones ■ 
stronghold of Ssranon fceeboolerB, who luvled tniitribritlonB on the 
gurronndlnR district. 

lia'/jM. fleouH«u (11.106). — ll3VaM, fiKn/Winco (p. 106). 
'I'hp train now enters the valley of the Paglione by moaiis or a 
tnnnci nearly I M. iiilunglli, craaaea tho strnam, paaaes through 
aiinthi'r [uiinel. aJid reanhos the sl&tlon of (^116 M.) Hioe on the 
right bank of the river. 

16. Nice and ita Enviroiu. 

Hstel*. In Ihe Pmmniode &tt AngUie : 'HfiTHi. ueb Ahqlus, 'bm 
T.LiEBHinnn, i.K ii MdniiHnAsiE , ns Rume , aU flrat cIms. — By Ibe 
Jardin Puhlfrj : -GlUKt.B BSEUHUB, ~Asci.iTB>lllg. — On the qnni XuKens 
((Jail den Palmicirfl] : °HaTEI. HE FSAMDE, R. B, A. and L. a, itmnibliS IVlfr. 
— I^uai St. Jena Bapliile ; "CoMioEvi-TTAH HoTKl, (CAaumfii), R. B, L. A A. 
% I). 6, omnlbn* itr, t HflrKt db u Pint ; •Qkamd Hotbi. — In lia Boule- 

vard Hnnchaee r HOlit iPlKMOB ; 

lArn 0E> EnrERsuaa; HarEi. Hblvb- 

' Rue den Ponelietlo<: HiWei et P»Bit 

1l ftnll™ ffenin*. Al 

n tbs Ruo do Francs : 
r nil tbe 

le* Anelaln: 'PcHiUm Rtpnir, Pmtton 
• Milnpslt, -F. Marrtl, 'P. aught, 
BUonnc: •Ptnilon Ifitlcl, 10-[2fr. 
nil-. Avensp Delphlns : 'P, Sayati. 

M Ifaudnai Orand 

Bakan. . 

Oali are ■tallr 


Kach ■drlltlonal pen largur arlk 

KBB, or drlTO 

of Vili 

. .t»I 







































e Place Haln^Da to the railway BUllon an4 Hagiian 
Bridge every %l mln., )•< SI. Hiurieo erary (0 mln. 

Onnfbuui erom (he tovn in id* oral dlreetioiu (29 c.) ; from Ihs iiUtlaa 
111 the luffn 30 c, Imuk 25, bal-blii 10 e.i to VUlBfranDa and Beaullau 
every 2 Lm., BO <;., ntntling from ihs Punt Vioiiic, lafl haok of fiio PiJllOtt. 

Hiwui uiy 1.B hired ot *i^fc, Boulevard Charles. '" 

34 bi 

e hiTEi 

ioya ^Deraliy 4 fr- (but tn the height ■ 
, and Ifr. for tbs Bllendanl; half-da 
ra {8- 11 a.m., tato ut flowenJi by 11 

ind Rus 
, ride of 

25n.3iwrr., in 

culalinB librai 

Poat Ottn, I 

Renf, adjoinine t 

fhyaUiaOL . 

ZBrcJier, Llpperl, I 

pnlbiBla. all tlern 

idin)!.«oom \ Llbr^rie Etrangira uf Barb^fa Frini, vt 
y. Jardln Public 7. Viiamiei reaaioE-romn. Rue di 
Fttwiilfi, AucDue de la Dare S; Joiitia, Bue llssi 
, Rub St. Francoli dc Paale ITI. D. 4). 7 a.m. fi 
i.m. ; Sund. 7-lS, 1-6 only. — Triairaph OffiH. Bue < 

ennt, Rue Glodreda : 

ghi, Bue de Prance; Foaqiu^ Buu- 
ai. Etlenne; Vltott, Bud RioffiedOi 
3u(, Avenue de la Oaie. — HiiMnl 


Sn-tiBlht oppOBlle the Pron 
Bbapi. The best are ci 

, tnal Bt. 


lUmatc- NICE. i6. Routt.] 

.hu CiuiDn, PrumcDUlc int Ad;:Iuii, Bm)>Bllisli.<il witU iho ai 

TkeUm. TkMlrc XaliaHal, Rno SI. I?ttn[d« de Pmle, I._ , . 

n/dtre PniadM, Rub du TemiilB, oper.a, comodiej, hI.c. 
Milltu; MMila dall; In Die Jirdin Public, 2-1 d'olock. 

FItrlo: VattTV ^rint tl Fi'li, Qiial Lund 14) lo SwiDa, Wrnflln, and 
Cbrfiiu (BaiUi, tee p. 427). 

Hoioa AfBiita I SamaritiiiUf Zall^s ^ Baltfoutlt, and Joitgia^ Vi wliiim 
t PBrcenrAgc J0 paid by Ibe prnpritilnrii- A uwco ^ivna^ngeojia bargain 
nay Itweftin! be msdo -witboul Ihefr inlervenlioB. Homps and apulmciiKi 
.u Ut iirs iniliBated by Uokets. A rioBle iliitur io>; procure 1-2 taiiiighBd 
■ooma for Ihe winter in Ibe town for SOft-TOO (r.j suites of atiarlDieiila 
ire let for lOOOfiOOO fr., .Ulas (ur 3000-SOOO fr. and opwards. 

haa been signed by bi 
TMsIs Iha only way I 

>■ in the Rue de Fru 

rvice aUo 

at CarabKel. SmliA Ohureh, 

oomor of Boul, 

e LonBChamp 


The"^/ Df mcB ii gheller 

d fr<Hn tbe N., V 

K., and N.W. 


B luwer lerfMei of the Ua 

tlnie Alps lealini 

aling In Miml 

an MonU Calto, HffH «.), a 

O-IP F»hP, Weber than tha 

"male. '"ht'mBan winter lem- 

UP kiwer. 

Fnurt ia rare. The Jfiitrol 

Sr n"w.' iJ3^^ 

nivencc. is 

d by the Uontagn 


Tlie B. wind, however, wh 

eh ifenenilly prey 

trying to 

deUeate penans. The moit 

are the Bou- 

vard era 

■aud and. the QuanieTB Bra 


In the lut of 

Ir In iimetally puru and free from iliul. Three dilterent 

fflalic *oiv 

BI are dlslinEalehed and ret 

maiendcd to dlffc 

rent oiuse, of 

ebllle. Sgnael 


period. A> the na dl«ippc 

ars, a •eni.nlion 


a damp n 

lantle were beiBE placed on 

he Khoulden, bs 

r. (inly. The rainy season n 

ually boeini early 

n (letDlMr and 

a moilh. - The result o 

made at Ihc 


p^ted «p on 

k in the li 

Nice, Ititl. Nbta, the capital [52,900 inliafa,) of tha Ftanoh Dtf- 
partomciit deB AlpciB Marltlmos, waa foDiided by the Fhodail ill- 
habiCaiita of Maraetllee in the Dth ouiit. B.C., and named fiicota. 
UowD to 1388 it beloiigud to the County afPrayuuce, and aftervaids 
to thu Dukeeof Savoy; in I792it wftB oociipUd by the fteiiuli, iii 
1814 restored Ut Sardinia, and in 1860 finally sdiaeiBd la FtaiiuD 
(ogether with Saioy. Nice was the bitthplace of the Prennli general 
MasB^iii (iu 1T6») and of Gluaeppu Gailbaldi (lu 1807). Die dia- 
lect of the natives !a a nitittare of PrOTansal and ItallaB. 

In winter Nice ia the cendeitTons of Invalids it well aa pocaoni 
ill robuBt health from all pacts of Europe, especially from Eui^lt-v^., 
Itussia, and Gurniany, who iB8ciuble\*ei6 V) fcM*^*.^'*'"'^''** *'*™*^ 
ot a mnbetii winter. In sommct ttie M»«\\\* iitwE***- 

101 Routt IS. NICE, Jardin Pablif. 

Nice 1h bpautifoUy BUilalcd on (he broad Bait (Ut Angu, vhinh 
opeiiB towirds the S., it the mouth of the Piiglione, or FaiUon 
(». ihbM iirenxa , frequently drl^d iip^. The broail &nd stony trad 
nf the river, with handsome quays on oaoh bank , bisects the town. 
On the left bank is the Otn Town, with lis narrow , dirty Unes, 
which however hsve been anpersoded by belter streets noar 
the shorn [Boulevard du Midi and Promenade do Cours). On 
the right bunk Is the Stbamqers' QcARTHit, which already SDrpsEses 
the old town in extent , and In Intoiideil to occupy the entire space 
bounded on the W. by the brook Mnynim , and on the N. by the 
railway (tho UuarCier de la Croix lie Msrbre stretches slang the 
coast to the W., the Boulevard Cnrubscel and the Quartiers Bran- 
eolar and CImiSs to the 14. E. along the bank of tho Pattloii). 

Near the station is a beautiful alloy of Eucalyptus trees (Euea- 
lyptui Olobului). tn the Avenue de la Gare, leading from the 
station to the town, rises the still nnliniahed church of Noirt Damt, 
erected by Leiiormant of Paria in the Gothic style. — A MarbU Cto$i 
In the Rub de Franco , commemoratiilB the meeting of Charles V. 
and Francis 1. in 1538, which was effected through the interventitni 
of Pope Paul 111., has given iU name (Croix de Marbre) (o this 
quarter of the town. — The SquAnii , s broad space fiirmed by 
covering In the Paillon botween the Pout Vieux and Pont Neuf , Is 
embellished by a Statue of Afnii^na (p. 103) in bronr.e, ereuted in 
1667 i 111 front Clio is represented on the pedestal writing his name 
on the page of history; at the sides are rclleta. — The Twonianiry 
(40,000 vols., open dailylO-3, on Sundays 10-12 o'clock), line St. 
Frau^oia de Paule 2, contains » few Roman anliqiiilieB (milestones, 
ate,), and a natural history cabinet. 

The jMdilt?IibIlo(PI.D,4i military music, seep. 103) at the 
embouchure of the Paillon, and the •Promenade dea AngLtli ail- 
joiniiig it on the W., which was laid out by Enlclisb reaidonts lu 
1823-24, and greatly extended in 1862, are the ptlnnipal resorts of 
visitors. These grounds stretch along the coast for I'/g M., ta tu 
as the brook Mngnan, and are bordered with handsome botola and 
vEltas (at the beginning of the promenades is the Oerclo Mddi- 
lerranie, mentioned p. 103). On the left bank of the Paillon, whloh 
is crossed hero by the Pont Napolftin , they are continued by the 
Boulevard du Midi, which is planted with palms. 

To theE. of the town rises the Caatle Hill, 320 ft. In hil^ht [PI. 
F, 4; sscent from the N. or E. side, 20 min.), crowned by the rnins 
ota castle destroyed by the Duke of Berwick under Louis XIV. in 
1706, now converted into beautiful groands, where palms, nrBHBf«, 
cypresses, and sloes flourish in profusion. The platform on the 
summit, erected in honour of Napoleon IU., commands an admirable 
view in every direction: S. the Mediterranean; W. the coast, the 
pjTODMjtory of Antlbea , the two Ues de Leiine, the mouth of the 
Vir (which dovn to 1860 formed the l)(iui\iariAieVBeo\\Ytm«« mA 

En«irona of Nice. NICE. 15. Kvule. 

Sardiiiis], below the EpecUUi Nice Itself; N. the ra1U-y nf tbB 
Fagllone, the mounatDries of Cimiea and St. Foiu, in the dlstinee 
the ciBlle o(S. AndtS, MontChanre, the Aspremonl, and the Aips; 
E., the nioaiitsiiiK, Fort MpnlaihaTi , and the pfomonlory of Mont- 
boron fp. ItNi). The S. slope of the oastle-hill , whiih descends 
jirecipitouaiy towards the sea, Is culled the Baubn Capm ('hat- 
robbot', owiiift to the preyaloiinc of audden guata). — The Ceme- 
tcriti, with the eiception of thn Kngliah , are on the N. side of the 

At lh>> base of the caatle-blll on the E.; where a honse oppoaite 
the dogaiia was dtslroycd by s laiidallp in thn winter of 1871, lira 
* aniallHarbonr (Pi. F. 43, called Limpia from an eioelloTit aprtng 
\pida) which rfses near the E. pier. It ia accessible to Hroall 
sela only ; those of large tonnage oast snihor in the bay ofVilla- 
franoa fp. 106). The Plaoe Bellevue, adjoining the harbour, ia 
uibelliflhed with a Slatut of Charlti Felix, King of Sardinia, in 
uarhle, erected ill 1830. 

To the N. of the town are the villas Chittaa Naif and Oranylni, 
both in the Quartier Braneolar. 

the ENVuoNa of Nice , with their attractive villaa and lutur- 
ant Tegetalion, alTord a variety of beautiful cxeurBtona. 

The Franciscan monastery of Cimiei, Ital. CimeUa, is situated 
i M. to the N. of Nice. The best, although not the shortest route 
o it is by the now road ascending to the E. rroin the Bonlevard 
Jarabaoel I^Pl. E, 2), which On the top of the hill intocaceta the site 
if a Homau Amphitheatre (210 ft. long, 176 ft. wide> Abont 1/4 M. 
o the right from the croaa-road, Immediately beyoud the amphi- 
theatre, WD leacb the monastery [two pictures by Br£a in the cha- 
pel), re-erected in 1543 after its destruction by the Turks. It 
stands ou the site of the Roman town of Cemenctium, to which the 
I above -mentioned amphitheatre and a q^uadrangular structure , com- 
mnnly called a •Temple of ApoUa', belonged. Tiac«s of baths and 
other buildingB have also been diacovprod. 

The Villa Claty, to which the public are admitted, below Ci- 
a\i», on the road to St. Andrj. poaseases the flnest orange and 
emon-trees at Nice and many rare plants. 

A good carriage-road aacpnda on the right bank of the Paglionc 
the (40 min.) monastery of 9t. Pom, founded in 77rj on the spot 
where St. Pontlua, a Roman senator, suffared martynloni in 261. 
tt was destroyed by the Saracens in 8^0, and the present odifleo 
erected iu 999. The treaty by which the County of Nicp waa an- 
nexed to the Duchy of Savoy was concluded ht'ra in 138H, The 
chateau of St. Andri freataurant, closed in sunimor), which ia reach- 
ed in Vshr. more, boiltinthe ITthcent.. isnow nnotita'^Aai. K«i'i\ 
V4 ht. farther up the valley ia the InrignVftcA™ (i,-sott<i U.a C\m*w 
afe ■». Aadnf, Or radier a natural bridge ine.T «. \«ooV , cta%w.«i- ^^^ 

106 Roult 15. TUURETTA. 

thi! roaJ. Ail aveiiuE o( cypreasos lotds 

The excucsioii may be extended still Tartliei in this dl[ei;tioti. 
Fnim ibe Untto ofSi.AiidTo we roUoir Ihe ToiretUioad lu the du- 
aoUto rocbyrATino a litCle farther, and tben asuend lo the left by 
the new Tosd In several wlndioKS lo the village afralleon, the 
liigheBt point of wblrh aRbids an admirable view. — Ftooi Fulioou 
we may either return by the road to the S, to Nice (or by the leM 
beantifiil and very st«ep, hut shorter p»Cb lii Cimi^s] , or procaed 
farther tovfards the N. to- *AapiBmaiit, fl'/a**' ftom Nice. The rout 
ia gooii tlia whole way, and uonnnaniia a Sue viow. Near Aapremont 
we obtain an encelleiit 'Survey of the valley of the Var and of 
the Alps, 

Farther up the vaUey of St. Andc£, 7 M. fram Nice, liei the 
antiquated village of lorretta , with the picturesque ruiu of that 
name (Fr. La Touretlc). The tower of the castle tonnrands a letf 
singular survey of the sterile mountain scene, espenially of Uoiit 
Ch«uv(>, the Aapremont, and the deserted vlllgge of Chateau Neuf, 
perched on a barren ridge of lock ; to theS.Motitalbaii and the sea. . 

About I'/a M. farther is the dilapidated village of GhfttMU 
Heof, founded on the rniiiB of old tortiflcations, and probably nsed 
in the 15th and 16th cent, by the inhabiUnts of Nice as a refugo 
from Turkish iTivaders. It has Tecsiitly been abandoned hy moat 
of its inhabitanta on accountof the want of water. Jt ie5M. dUttiut 
from Torrctta, and affords another Una view. 

To the E. of the harbour La LImpia rises the Hontharm, t, 
promontory 890 ft, in height, which separates Nice fTomVillafraneB. 
The summit, which ie renohed in I'/i ^^■< commands an exti>iisive 
prospect. The mountains of Corsioa are visible towards the S. In 
el Ear weather. 

The KoAD TO Vir.i-iPEANCA f2 M.; M>mp. PI. G, 4), oonstrnoted 
by the French govenunent , leads round the promontory of Mont- 
boron and passes a number of villas, the most cnnsplcuons of wMob 
ia the Vilia Smith , a red building in th(> Oriental stylo. Near thU 
vlllBge the new "Konte Forosti^ie de Hoiitboroii' aaoends to Ihe 
left, commanding a snpcib vlow of Nice and the numerous tU1i» 
of the environs ; it traverses the whole of the hill of Montbomr, 
leads round the Fort Muntatban, and at length unites with the 013 
roiid to VUlafranca. — "VlUsfitanoa , Fr. VHUfrancU (oarr. Inn 
Nloe, see p. 102 ; rowing-boat 10 fr.), very br'autifully situated aa 
the Bnij nf Villapranca , whtoh is enclosed by olive-clad holgUi,. 
founded in 1295 by Charles II. of Anjou, king of Sicily, 1biidw< 
a station of the Mediterranean squadroo of the French fleet. Italtvay 
station at TlllafraTica fsp.e p. lOl) cloio lo the sea. 

If we follow the road for 1 '/^ M. farther , a road to the rlglHU 

crossing the railway by a stone bridge, will lead us to ('/« K.J 

^ Jeaaliea (rail. stst. to the left of the Wd^o , ace ^. VftV"^, »ii.^ 


sigiiillnBiit villige BitutttQd iu llie midst of ri«h pl»Titatt(im*ar8 
Hga, earoli-Weea (p. 09), lemona, md ornngBS. Mnny of tile ollve- 
iceesaru lemarlubly Urge, one of Hicm iDeaBuriiig22ft. iji riri^um- 
ferenuB. Beaulien Ilea in a wide bay, boandud on thn S, by the 
long peninaula o( Bt. Jeui. At tbo foot of the Utter Hhb the viUggo 
of .?. GioiKiniM" , or SI. Jean (dear inn) , l^/* M , from Beaullou , a " 
fsTourlta reaort at oxeursianiats from Nice. Tunuy flahing is huO' 
oesefuliy mTiod oii here in February, March , and April. At (he 
entremit; of the peninsula are the mins of an old SaraFenic oastlo, 
daatroyed in 1709 in the reign of Louis 5IV. (soe p. 104), and tha 
mined ehapel of St. Hoepiet. Instead of proceeding to St. Jean by 
the sbove route , the traveller may be ferried acroaa the bay to Ihe 
ureek of PaiaabU (ftO c), and thence crois tho penluanU ou foot to 
St. Jean. 

On the W, Siuh of Nice pleasant walka may be taken in the 
valley of the MagnaJi (p. 104). in whiuh a road ascends lo ('2 M.) 
the church of La Madtteine. The beautiful , sheltered banks of 
the Tap, whiuh falls into the liaie ilea Angi-9, 33/4 M. to the W. of 
Nine , are also woithy of a visit (one day ; carr. with two horses, 
20-25 fr.; aUo a railvay station, eonip. p. 21). 

16. From Nice to Tnrin by tha Col di Tenda. 


m'h «■) In 


la tL= Via C. 


ngly beauUful. In 


The road leads from Nice, on the bank of the Pagllone, through 
tho villagea of La TriniUi-VUtOTla and Drappa, beyond which it 
croasBS and quits the river. 

12 M. (from Nice) Scorma, Fr. Eiearent. The toad hoiico to 
Sospello traverses a sterile and unattractive district. The barren 
rocks whiuh enclose the bteak valley are ouriously atratlfled at 
placca. Tho road ascends lo the Col di Braus (4232 ft.). To 
the S., on a lofty rock to the right, is seen the eastle of Cb&tiUon, 
or Coitiglione. At the foot of the pass on the li. Ilea — 

35Vs M. SoBpello, French Soipel (1174ft.; Hdtel Cartiteo), sit- 
uated ill the valley of the Btvira ( affluent of the lloja, eee below), 
ill the midst of olive-plantatlanB, and aumtunded by lofty luoun- 
taina. A now road leads from Sospella to Mentone. The road 
now ascends to the Cot di Brtmii (2871 ft.). Meac the summit of 
the pass a final view la obtniiied of tho Meditettan^Kn. ?«>s\vi.i:^ 
unattractive, inoniitaius bleak aiiA banen. T\\eo * iewanV Vi — 

38 if. Giandela (1360 ft. ; Uotol 4ea ausm^sn-, Vawsi^ ■. ■^■»- 

I OS Boulr 18. CUNBO. 

grand BitiiatioTi at the bttsi- of Iqfty rocks. Breglio, 
Inli. Ollil tho ruined dsbCIi! of Trijietia, !ipa lower down 

ThD road ao\r iBoendn the nanow vallEiy of [he Roja, whioh 
fslU inlH Ihn aett nair TeiitimigHa (p. 97). Saorgio, rising in Mr- 
races on n IdFC; rack on the right, with the relni ot ■ castle In tile 
Oriontnl style , destmyed by the Frenoh in 1793, oommind* the 
road. On the opposite side is a moiusCery of ooiisldcrablo extont. 
The valley utotTiets , so as barely to li^ave room for the river and 
Iho road botwoBti the perpendlruUr rocks. Sever«l small vjUagea 
are sitnated at the points where the valley eipands. Beyond 
(;43M.] Fonbma the road crosses the Italian fro niter. Thesoathern 
oharaoler of the vegetation nuw disappears. 48 M. S. Dntmatse, 
trhere an old abbey la filled np as a hydropathic esiablishment, 
Freijuentod iii aummer by some of the winter rosidents ot Nine. 

QOl/aM. T«irio(.H6tel Royal; lliitel ImptfrUl) lies i( the S . ba88 
of the Col di Tend*. A few fragments of the castle of the imftor- 
tQiiate Beatrice di Tenda [comp. Blnasco, p. itjl') are pioturesqnely 
situated on a rock here. 

The road traverses a dreary valley by the side of the Bnjs and 
ascends by 69 ilgiaga on the barren mountain, passing several re- 
fuges, to the summit of the Col di Tenda, or di < ■omio (BUS ft.J, 
where the Maritime Alps fW.) terminate and the Apcnninna (E.j 
begin. The view embraces the chain of the Alps from Hont ItSnti 
to Monte Kosa ; Monte Vlso is not visible from the pass itself, bat 
l8 aeeii a little beyond it, near the 4th Refuge. The descent is very 
slaap. The road fbllows tbe oourse of the i'ermnnopnn to — 

76VaM. I.imotM(3688ft.; Hotel da la Poste), an lUlUn eidsc- 
Btation, and then beeomoa mote level. The valley of the Vel- 
mnnagna, which is now traversed, Is at some places encloted Iff 
wooded heights , at others by precipitous limestone clida. To, tho 
the left rises the magnlHoentpyramid of the Monte Vi«o(;l2,670ft3, 

StatioiiB RabiUanie, Roccavione, Bargo S. DnCmasto, and — ' 

SQi/jM. Cohm, ot C<mi{liii9U.; Albeigo deOii Burru di Feffo, 
good cuiaiiie; Albergo di Superga), a town with '21,800 Inhab., at 
the confluence of the Stvra and the Oesso , once strongly fottlBeil. 
After the battle of Marengo the works were dismantled in aoeor-' 
dinoe with a decree nf the three consuls and were converted iitto 
pleasure-grounds. The Franciacan C'liureh, like most chuTChaa Of 
this order beyond the Alps , Is In the Gothic style (12th aent.]. 
Pleasant walk to the lUaderma dtgli Angiti, at the oonfloenee of 
the Gesso and the Stnra. 


> wltli 4900 

SAVIGUANO- 17. Bottle. 

II the E. by the Apt^iiDlotiB, Cenlallo, the Orst 
Willi' 4SO0 InliBb. , pDBseSEea lemaina of medisval walla and 
towers. Meit station La MaddaUna; t1ia|^(I0l iS,') Fouano, an 
episcopal teeiilencr;, with 17,000 inhab., on the loft bank of tlie 
SlUTo, beautifully situated on au omineuco, with ramparts anil a 
mediffival castle. 

lOgl/j M. BaviKliuiO (Cnrom) Is a pleasant town on the 
Macrn , eiicloseil by oM fortill cations. The principal church 
nontains pictures by Afutmori (1721-tl3), a native of Sa«igliuio, 
surnarneii CaTTOctino, as au imitator of the Carracct. 

BRABCB-LiTiK TO BiLiMO, lU M. (halfwuj siotlon iCd^olenJ, in '/■ *"■ 
(fir«a 1 ti. aa, 1 h. SO, 115 c). BbIdw v> the capital of Ike pmvinM 
([annerlr & mirquiute) of Ihsl ■une, wilb IG.gUO JshabltanU. TUe bigber 

Prtlica, Ihe pool (i. 1B01>, who was horn hero In ITbI" 

At 1^1 14 M.^ CuvalUrmaggiorE the line unites with the 
and Havona laliway, see p. 75. — i40'/2 ^- ^rln, see p. d4>' 

17. From Genoa to Flia. Eiviera. di Levante. 

KUVi U. UaiLWAi in i</i-T/, bn. {larca I3h., I3lr. 30, Ofr. liOii.l, 

■ lopping, wllb Ilia exception or the <icpTe;8, al llii? Bladont I'imta ari^eh, 
whlJe cilhim atari rnmi the lill«r atkllaii. — The flDi»l viewi are frum 
tbe tide of llie Irain uppggite that on whiuh paseeiigen enter at Stasione 
naiu Prlnclue. BeyiiDd Servl, kuwuvnr, the view la greatly clrsuni- 
iicri1«d by the uameruua lnoscla, wblah aim make It daneeiuns to >tP«1eh 
tb*.- Ikifad out at the oarriage window. 

Ooioa , see p. Id. The train baoka Diit of the Slaiiont Fimta 
Principi, Bn<) then starts in the opposite (E.) <llre<^tian, passing 
thrnngli a long tunnel niiilur the higher parts of thu town (transit 
• fl-Su,!,,.). 

1 M. Sliulom Piasta Brignoli , whore there ia gunerally u 
prolotigeii stoppage. - — To the left We obtain a view of the fortrefis- 
crowned heights arouiiJ Genoa (couip. p. 80). 

llle train , which at places runs parallel with the road, now 
follows the 'UiYiBRA uj Lbvantb, which IB leBS remarkable for 
luxurtant vegeUtion than thu Riviera dl Ponente (p. Wl), hut 
presents almost more strtlting soemiry. The line is carried through 
the nnmunlua promontories by means of cuttings and tunnels, of 
which last there are no fewer than eighty, some of tlioni of conaiii- 
erable length. The villages generally present a town-tike appear- 
ance, with their narrow streets and lofty and substantial huusea, 
closely built on the narrow plain of the coast, or in short and 
TOUIineil valleys, and mostly painted externally as at Genoa. 

The trail] crosses the Bltagno, generally an inaignitloinl brook, 
and passes through the hill on which S. i'nmcefeo li'AUi.wc w. 
■ttliated by means of a tunnel. — 4 W. SImtIq. "^n ■*.»!. *>'^'- 
streti^es the (iBautifti! expanse nt tUe MeilMetiMvefcu.-, ^n *'*-^?'^ 
enjoy t yiew of the olive-clad slopua ot V\ie fi¥«wvuv6t , «S** 

I 10 Rotitf. 17. NERVl. 

with couiitry hrtuaos. A tuiiueU - — 6 M. Quarto, ^' „_ 

6 M. Ovinto, with numeruus viUae, and itciiM temon plmtatto^, 
(inniig which ilea Bev^^l Biie pilm-lrpeB. Three tuiiiiels, 

Ti/i M. Harri. — Bstoti. -HStki. in Pev«iux Akol.isr, ].«». in 

Rtstuiihtk di Xmivi, unpr? lending. — Petniom nifum, Cimli, Ambr, 
Md mben. — Ar-Miil nilii 3U>«IUrr. montUT. InrainulUa frtOB 
Sienur CeruH »i ilie hntel-kEepcn. Tbe plivaid>n ihould be souuIM 
in ltklciiic'& dvelline for bo involid. 

ni;ritim. Df. TAomat. Cuiellii PuniuBe^ Dr. adiiUlig, fvxsttm 
AngliiisH. — Ohauliit: Oallo. in Ihc mala itreut. 

Po>t OfBoB, at 0>llu-s drng-stiirc in [lie cLlt^f slmct. Talempli Otti* 

A'emi, n amall town with 5400 inhab,, aurrouiidoii by lamon- 
gravi's , has Qf late rromo into notice as a winter resiilencD, ovrtng 
to its sheltbred aitiiatton and luilil nllmate. Nervi, Quiiito, and 
Stucla, Bce freqaetiled by Itatiaus in aummei foe thu sake or the 
BeB'bathlng, in epice oF the rocky iiatuce of the coast. Among the 
haniisnme lillas the Hnest are Villa OropaUo fthe beautiTul park 
of whiuh is open to vibitois at Uie Pension Auglaiae), Villa Serta, 
VUlii Oroce, and the pagoda-llke Villa Pontone. «11 Biuroauded with 
well-kept grounds containing oringe-treea, alues, palmB, »nd ochet 
varieties ot luxariaiit yegetation. A stroll shoald he taken along 
the rock-tionnd and pictnresque Eea-beanh. Aiiocber pleasant walk 
ti along the road to the ehurnh of S. Hario, halfway up the Mnnit 
fliupo, wbiuh commandB an admirable view of the Ititiera dl he- 
vante as far as the picturesque headland of Portofliio and of tbe 
Blviera dl PoneiiCe irith the Hailtlme Alps in the background. 

Many of the beauties of the seenery are loal to railway tiiveUors 
owing to the numerous tunnels through which the train now paMss, 
9M. B'lgliitseo ; 10 M. FlevidlSori; 11 M. Sori, where wo obUln 
a noble survey of the sea anJ the valley from the viaduct [In three 
aturioa) which passes hi|;h above the town and the rivulet. — 21 H. 
Remoi l4l/o M. Camogli, on the coast to the rieht. [The Yflt»ee 
otRata, situated on the height, and commanding an admirable 
view towards Qenoa, is about 1 M. from Camogli by the road; from 
it we easily attain the sammit of the promontory ot Parloflno 
(1930 ft. i si,e belowl, which affords a magnilicent survey of the 
whole Quif of Genoa.] The train passes throngli thu long Tunnel 
ofRuta, which pciietratea the promontory of S. MiiTj/kerUn, and 
reaches the fertile plain with tta iiumoroiia villas , aiul the bay of 

171/2 M. S. Margkerita {Bellevue, with garden) lies on the oAast 

along the cotjit. lo (SU.) PcrloJIna. a nail] iwapiirt concealed ImUDAtta 

seaport vith. 10,800 inhab., who csrry 011 n brisk in olivu-oll. 
Ne&t it ia the pilgrimage diurch of tlie Madonna di Mnntollegrn, 
— 21 M. Zoagli. prettily aituatetl. 

24i/jM- OhiavMi iFiniu, mediocre, K, 3, B. 1, L. i',, A. 
'/afr.; Trattoria dtl Negrino, with garden], a town wilh !2,i00in- 
hab., ia sitaatod at the moutU of the Enlelia, where the jnoniittiinB 
reflede in u wide acmiclicle. Chiavari mBMufsctnrua lace and light 
chalra jsedie dl Chiavail), snd posaeBBea silb fHi^torifk and ship- 
building jatda. 

SB'/j M, Lnvagnn, a ahip-bnilding place, ia the snceBtial Beat 
of the Counts Fiesi^hi. Sinibaldo de' FiaiAi, profesBoi of law at 
Kologna, and afterwards elevated to the papal throne as Pope 
Iiinocunt IV. (1243-54), the powerfnl opponent of Kmp. Frederiek 
II., was bom here. Coant Oiovanni Luiyi d^ FieechI, well known 
in history as the conspiiatoi against the power of the DotIb family 
(1547) at Genoa, was also a native of Lavagna. The train paaseu 
through a long tunnel snd reaBhos — 

!287j M. Butrl LsTonte (Europn; ^'"^'"1 anp retentions), pl"- 
tnresqnely sitnated on a bay which Is terminated by a promontory. 

The nnmlUjAD vbokSuibi TU Spizix, wliidli ii far anpoFior lu tile roll- 
way in iffilm nf ■cenerr (earHant and nalr, 49(r.), hirng Inland and aMcnd* 
lli« a»n1lly wooded mounlDlDS in long wlndlncl, BlTordiiig Bns icIroanoEfi 
u( llie peninsDla and yaUaj [tb« TlUagii in the latter ii Caiano)- FarLber 
on, Ihs villaeii ot BrtKd bocomu viilble on ths Istti Ihen (o ibo riglit 
a vitw ii agaia ducloied of the esa, near which Ibe road Indx. fbe 
villnge on Iha eoaat bolow ie MonegHa (wo lislow]. Tbeo ■ gndaal 
aHent Ihmuitb a snmcwhal bleak district (o the Orlfria BariKca (SSSB n.), 
whence the road leioendi into a plraaant •alloy in which lies (he tHImb 
or Baruaa. After a sliBhl ascent it neit IraTemes a well enlllTalod 
dietrict lo PegUiuca (Enropa), in the valley of tbe impdooni Vara, an 

diverge! to Ilia left and enters a wooded liact, In wb'ch bfaallfal'elieitnata 
preduminalc. Boyand Baracca tbs aea dues nut again cuine Into view, 
until the lul height before Spcila la altalnad, whence a magniflccnl 
proapecl ta enjoyed of the bay and tbe pTeclpitona monntaina of Carrara, 
or Alpi Apuaat, as the whole range la called. 

Beyond Sestrl the monntaina reoede from the aea, whiah the 
train also leaves [or a short time. A great number uf tlllinela are 
now passed through Id rapid succession j several line views n( the 
Hea and the coaat lo the right, ST)!/; M. Montglia Ilea rloee to the 
sea; 37'/^ M. Dciva, a yillago at the entranno to a sida-val)ey; 
40 M. Fratmaa; 41 1/1 M. Bonoualai 43 M. Livnnto (Albergo Na- 
zionale, pens. 5-Otr.), a small town of 3OO0 Inhab., with partially 
preauTved fort Idea tiona, a small Giaidiuo Pubblii',o, and wsikl.- 
eqnlpped toarine baths. Again a 6iiiweaa\nn til 'usawSis,, bS>"*- 
MonltTo^o.-4SM. Vmi.mrt;50M. (.'OTuisLin; 'j\ m. M.v«™<i»^ 
r>/'/f M. ^iofaaggiore. Before iearh\nfe SveiXn. fc« '™"^^'^ ■**'**^ 


eirden, B. 2-b, B. I'/,, iij. 2 

UiFU &11 commsDd ■ vlsw of UiB >u. — AuiKUGO 
Oilrdino Pilblillcn, with ruiUurul , ItBllu, g<K)d eablD 

Onfih 'Ca/i iM CW-ID, ne*r Ibe Oiudinu Pnbblic 

Hotel IlalU. — Sea-liaBu in lUBMier os Ilia bcub to Ibe K., W o. 

PMt Office In Ibe Cono Ciiaiir 1,8-13 1. n, knd 3S p. n.). — TtltftVfA 
<l/ffl«: PlMM Vitlorio Enanucle, snd Vii. Fonsi T (open till midulghl), 

LnSptiia, a tawn -nith 26,100 Inhtb. , is nbarmingly situated 
>t the N.W. angle of the Golfo dellu Sfala, betveeii tyro lit&u 
arowned with forta, and pasaesaea one of the liigeat, aafest, ailil 
moxt fioTivefiieut hubnun in Europe , tha Lunai Portua uf ttiA Bo' 
maOB. Siiiee 1861 Ls Spezla bas beun the '^bicf war liarbonr of 
Italy, and eitenaive improtBmenta are now boiiig oarrieil nut. Thi; 
Boyal JtMkyard ou theS.W. aide nf the town, oonstnuiled by Gen- 
eral Cbloda, to whom a alatac hae been erevted at the entraaoa, 
■ is a large eEtablishmoiit,- 150 acrea io eiLteiit (admiBBion on written 
application to tbo Comando Oencrale della DarBena). The muine 
artillery magarines in the bay of .S. Vito Boyer an ares <iT 100 *crU. 
Bpelis is a.lso a dading plate d( mme ImpoitanRe. In summer the 
sea-baths, and In winter the mlldueaa of the dluiata attract nnmer- 
oua Tigltoia. The atr Is genial and humid, aud the vegetation Of * 
wiuthcrn charnctet. The ollve-olt af the envlrotia is eateemed. Plea- 

_._. _. _. _1. eldo of Iba bay,- M B. 

TtreaiD ud Lenoi, to wliir.b a Hrew-itcainer mas tbrloe dallr (lfr.>, 
alaillai; from Ihe Nolo of tbe ln>y. 

t'our tunnels. — Bl'/g M. Areola, with a nlnspicuotia campanile. 
The train pasaea thiough another long tunnel, and cro^sea the broad 
IHagrti, which in andeni times formed the boundary between Italy 
uid Llgiiris. 

6T>/s ^' Banana, Rom. Sergiimn, ur l-un'i Nova, from its 
having superseded the anident I.niia, with the pintnreaciUB ftlti- 
(Ication of SiinaruUa, ranstru'led by fkittrureio Cattracnni, and a 
Aaiiiiaome Cnlhedral In lh<? Italian (SotiilR «Arj\e , bugun in 136D. 
Pop. 10,000. 

tu m7 the ptaee fell into Iha tmnis olVtB^VjiBHttoti «.ft4«\fliiiMt 

to Pirn. 8AI1ZANA. 17. Route. ISH 

11 suliieriuFiitlT beLuagcd In Ibo Genntit, ud then to ths Skntiniiu. 
SuRsnk WHB Ihe birthpluw i>( Viifv HIchulu V. (Tommuo pBrentucelll. 
IU7-Sfi|, a gnal palron of IwrniDE. «nd Ihc fnuoder «r the Hbruy of (he 
\'iillun. The Suonaparli Ct-mlij in Bloii nsid Rl Uxe hiwi »lUad in ttiB 
LunleUnft, nB»r BarMnn, hcfuro Ihey IninJforred thuir ronidonco to OirsiM, 

The BnvbonB tte very fertilB. Among Che moniitBlns to thu 
loft the white roeka and goi^B of tlio iiei|;hbourilig nittble-quarriea 
are vlgiMe. To tlie right a Bne retrospect of the Bay of La Spezia. 

Between Ssriana and tho nest atat. Avenia are the rutns of 
i>unu, situated an the coast. This eld Etniscan town fell to decay 
unilec the Roman emp^^rois, and was deatMyed by the Arabs in 
1016 ; tta episcopal see was traneferced to Rirzana in 1465. The 
site of the aiioient t.'wn is aCUl marked by the ruins of an amphi- 
theatre and circus. From the luwji of Luna the district dsrives 
tta name of La Ltinigiana. 

741/j M. Avensa ia a small town on the brook of that name, 
above wUoli rises an old caatle of Caatrnccio Gsatracaiii, of 13'2'2, 
with bold ruutld towers and piniiaoles. On the coast to Che ri|;ht 
la a small harbour for the shipment of the Carrara marble. 

Bauicii BtiLWtr from Avenu, 13 min. (3 H.; farsg 60, 4l). Wc.) 1u — 

Ounm (^ocoiula .Vuijonnli, with Uie Tmltnia del Oianliuilia, in Itie 
princlptl stceatuDUleriKhl; triveUera are cauUoned ssftlnsl •ponding tHe 

lams Iheic sonicGS may be dispensed wllli. LeavLoe the >UliDn, wo 
turn tn tbe rlglit and follow the gtrert in a ntrLtglil direction, ptM thu 
IhealTB, In Uio PiaiiB, which is aduraed with a Jlataa of Ua Braod- 

wllh deep ruta, ascending; on the right banlc of the T'ornnii, followed. 
At (Vi »,) a group of taoiuaa a palb dlvecKea to the rieht to ailetiitve 
qnarrisi of SD inferior kind of marble, hot we conllnuo to foilaw the 
ruad, pawing namerau marble cutting and miiablne works. Beyond 
tbe villaga of Parana, TDund wbioh tbe road leads, tbe tirst mlnea, 
coGoenisnbla by braad hEtpa of mbbisb, are situated on both sides of tbe 
vntiuy. The blocks are detaGhed, drawn out by uaen, and rolled down 
Ifaa hill. Tlie Qnar detcriptiun la called manim slDluaria. Abonl 100 

beat ttme fur a vinit (a napply of copper coins Is dailrablu). A born Is 
blown as a lignal when tbe rook is about to be blasted. Tlie mines of 
" lie Cntttia and Jf. Sunra yiold tho best and largest blocks. The mines 
'antlKHUi, 3 K. rrom Csirara, were worked by tho ancient B-™an.>. 

, Frmelii. PrUlciti, fiDaanni, etc.), soma of nkieb should be vistCed. Uosl 
ha inlisbltantl obtain their Urelibood by working the marble. Ths 
(olloniog cbnrchsii should alio bs inipected: S. Andrta, In a half Ger- 
manic style of the 13tb cent., like the oathedral of Honts, with inlec- 
eitlng facade and food icalplures ; ifadanna dslts (7mii>, wltb eumptnous 

several Roman aDUqaldes found in tbe mines of Fantiaerittl. e.a. a. 

il eraUellisbed with . .... . _ 

" "m'/i ^.'ium (O^^o Nosioni) , tonnBiVi «at b^-^VuS- *i 

114 R.,«t. 


tho Duohy of MaisH-Cirriia. wlitoh was uiiiled WRI-WM 
1821), with 18,BD0 liihib., U pItjaB&ntly sitiisted amidst monntBEna, ' 
and enjoys a mild climate. The Falaet was oiioe onciipied by Na- 
poleon's sister Elisa Bsedosnhi when duchess. The mublo- 
quirrieB here ue very valuable, livallijig those of Carrara. 

Country fortilo and wall cultivated. Tho pioturosque mini 
uf the cagtlo of Moniignoio hfcomo vtelble on an abrupt height 
lo the left. — 83 M Outrccta ; 3 M. to the left is tho villnge of 
Serraottta, frequented as a sumnior-resott, with raarhla-qoarriee. 

86 M. Fietruwita (Vnionei EuropaJ, a small town with anoiont 
walls, besntifnlly sltested among gentle slopes, wis besieged an^ 
taken by Lorcnr.o de' Modioi in HSfl. The ohuicb of S. UurUno (H 
Duomo), begun in the 13th eent. , witb iddltiuiiB extending dowii 
to the 16th cent., Dontalna a pulptt and Bcnlpturesby filop^ia Stogj, 
Ancient (Ont and bronzes by BonateKo in the Baltitteno. Cam- 
S. Agoslino, an nnflnished Gothic church of Ae 
14th oent., innUlna a painting by Tndd<o ZaeoAii, ofldlQ. TIiB 
pinnacled Tmon Halt is situated in the PlaKza, betweon these two 
chniflhes. Quinksilver mines In the vicinity of PlBliaGanta. 

Near (91 M.;| TiarsKgio {Bdtel Anglo-AmlTlcain, well spoken 
of, pens. 5, in snmmer 7 fr. ; ALbtrgo del Qmimercio, good cuisine } 
^mtd. it Rustic; Alh. d-Italiii; Corona d'ltiilia), a small towu on 
the coast, and a favourite aea-bathiiig place, tlie line enters the 
marshy plsin of tho Serchlo, croases the river beyond (Jii M.J Torrt 
di Lago, and reaches - — 

IMl/a M. PUa (p. 320). To the left st the entrancp are seen the 
cathedral, the baptistery, and the campanile. The slallon Is on the 
left bank of the Amo. 

The Dune 6t Ibe OsrmiiiiD iribe wbioli Iny^cd IMl; In b6S, ii now 
upUsd 1.0 Ibe 001111117 belwfsn the AIdb snd Ihe Po, wbicb 1> tepsnlsd 
fram Fleilmrmt l>y the ncino, ud fmni Venetw by Ibe Hinoio. It !■ 
divided InM IhD eigbL pnliincci of iVno, Mlniu, /Vino. SmdHo. Btr^ 

V^ SraU, in ITSe A 
1. oiiidd tiieu l>^ < ! 

ra beyond the Juwur AI)ii, Bad taUiDC <nnre frnquently w 
1 la rpom Ihe E. Ibso from tbe W.. u the moiitura u[ Ihc li 
wd by IbE UKritimB Alim ipd tbe Apeoninei. The land, bowe 
'buroughly irrisited thsn tb»' of »nj otbor dijiriet !o Euri 


v:: «.^ ti.; 

en vpry' proTilen 

fie.. AfiUura 

i,t Ihe crop 

btirdly pomiible 



id. MMdO* 

yield u msny 

their eioHlJ 

nter, 1 

»11ed PinDeuii 

.be«e lo on 

c^o''f"lho"^'"'''* ^^ "" " 



In the middle 

■eon the im 


■n WIN due to Its 


Tita, but ebeep- 

in madera 

tlmeii been aupe 

induitry which hu 10 

oiterinJly ineraw 

ed (be 1 


of Ihe conitry, 

■hit l< UKed 

tobn uld do 

ring the Anslriui 


e inn; ud the 

ofOcen liTsd 

leirej, u thai 



rafQoed to wi 

leK. Under 

a the p 

on !■ untiaaKl^ 


.bout 330 p 

mile, ei 


of the oapllal. 

The cent 

il nllumlioo, 

ud the weillb 

f tbe CO 


dcnd it Bn 

»pplo of di>«>rd (0 liie diffe 


urlieat perl 

J linown In 

IS, it w« occupi 



imiu, iLn ItHllui 

Ctlti from Ihe W. Tbese immlEranU foandEd Madiotmiaii (HihTn), and 
Iruei uf theli iMKiiaire itUl iiirvive in the modern diklect of the coun- 
try. It wu but glowfy thkt tbe IIiLlitoa subdued or unlmllnloil tbeae 
j___, _..,. .„.w^ ~^ ..... .._ ,. '-'li their 

nferred the riiihd 

Ibeae reptona of No'rtkeni Itmly formed Ihe chief huttfciH of (he power of 

In many reapedM, in ImpOTlance alqo. It becnme an imperial reaidenee, 
•bd tbe cfatiFCb founded here by St. AmbroaLua (wbt> beume tdshop In 
*7i}, loos meinttined Ita Infleppmlonce of the ^^alJeIl. TVt OoOi., wA 
■flurwuTla Ihe jOomSardi, msdo Psvin Ibcit eii.p\l».\, \ia\i »-tK\t ^o" 
■nerJwllBB/ortwooonliiriei, WM nyerV\iirawTi \)1 OliaTUni^niV 
ifflufcard dialect aliucnntilna a %,oa& man! worA» AcAik*- "'■™* 

KlDiiip>1illi», In 138! Mnllto 
u m jullcd from It^'ir former 
ifCII WM nnminslril T^kfill.-in. 
»tnot of Lnmbiirdj )iy III.- li.T. 
6j IboOutlph f.mll. D..|hiT.iv. 
*)■ rODfriVE<l to U.tTl 1h. ,r ,.,■ 

tiDiiy wM Olmn«ni o./!.-.-:.-, .- 
klT^ncle In l3flS. ind .'xI^ikI-.i 
^ ikr u Femgli Md Spiil 

>tt[>n of H 

Un («fa<Hrj rsmll; 
.— ~. or trctLlcplBCOpAl 
In l:»4_appo1>lod ro'- 

knd Napoleon w» 

■nnDtUbjH Willi tbe nnlloiiB] . 
.iri.ih (imh Kov. IBM), toral 


. ., . . , .. . irt oflbe 

at aS.OOn aq. M.}. HlliR w>a tbe npltnl, 
wan rfprownlcd by bis HlaMdn Ciwtiu 

---Ich WHS r«"lnred in 1815, prnied 

1 nf (hr> peoplB. B, Iht Ptue 
lb Ihe eiCEplIon of Ihe district 
d by bim >d SsrdlnU. 

18. XJIan, Ital. MUano. 

i wltb r^Hoeii by tNigllsno, tnduna snd 
IT Tata, SlriHk, Hicnl. mA Tihirolit. Oi 
Is we In WBltlnE (fare l-li/tfr-l. FIhtb fm 
,!> lown 11/, fr, («l-n ftt niEhl), MOb .rlic 

It nr the botf 

ti nndpr )00 ib«". BOc, micordine In tari 
Batalk. 'OWKt. HoTiit dk t* VitLE (P 
e, lyijHMjIe tbo cliarch ufS. Gulo-, 

il'feAf ^^ 

MILAN. 18. Kou 

Cuv.iut |Fi. B, V, ll, ouBr Ibe s(B(ign, eipenalvo i =Ghasi 
(PI. h; K, ai, VisAJeMnndroilMiDni 28; •anjJt Hkkik 
cn. ii 1>, UJ, VU Toiiaoi HdTBt BoTjU. ( _, .„ , 

u^lixu-da" B. I'/i, O. h, L. koil A. 2, mnuibus I'/afr. — Tbe Vollowiig u* 
e<H>d lacuDd-clua hoWlii : 'Eciiapt (Fl. e; E, &, U), CunoVittorla EmuiuBle 
U| °HdTEi. H*Tii«, Via HiBln, ueni lUe Ui^nLiui Pubblici i "Boiia, Cano 

^ "Lkubs, 

ilbui Ifr., 


•pDkeu uf 

L, '/(, oBlnihut l&.i -Poeeu, VisTurino |PL.l),7,a;, U. V/ 
41/gfr., L. BOo., B, 1V<, oniBibn» Ifr.; Fbahl-i*. Cgrun VilH 
Ifl, 0. i, B, i'Afr-, 1-. 6U, i. OUc, well epokon of; 'Ca 

^,i.Sn«>''vi''"'i'^"r':;., "■■" "' '" " " '""" 

Kamn'ui'k. . ,>'>... '.'. -u.r- 
Tn.iltl arr- . I 

liaIEI.l'l^■ , , . __ ,.. 

Vli, B, .11.11. Vi„ IMnclpe Iliobcito, peu IDu Matlon; 

laolA IlkLL.,, ,.]. iL. I.., la Xi.r,va, waU spoken ofi 'Amnt*, Via 3. 

HneberiU, uDiireK^nAint- 1 FAS^tKELLA, Uuu>1I4,u-1Tai.ia, °D»«dhr. timit 
VODUUII, 10 lliu S.E, uC till: calliudrld, B. liWilLl'/ifr- 

SaataBwitifryiiiliiritj. ■fid'il, CnrxiTM, istlie Htlluris Vltttiria Emm- 

tm Piuu dsl Oaoma in old esla^ishcd huuno. I'luuded in 1699.' Ttae 

(tide Ihe lowu, b; Ifae Trjumpbia Arcb |p, 13U|, u (iiViniiibi raiorl un'suu- 
dufs ind bnlidiyi. FinvAtlUHi Teic^ma, neit Uk w: hriDub uf Ibe 
Uallerlg VUHirio Kmannele; ggiid Tuscsn wine. 

□itte. 'Oava, with a gardEn, Via a. muaepiw, bbbt lb« Sella, sBo- 
cHclB in ilu svsniiiii (10c. addsd lu [be ebHrge on bmIi refrciluaaiit, ei- 
CQDt un Bundar* nben the elmrga of idmiwiun ie We.)) "BtOI "d 
"SniKeAt, bulb In <Us UaUerla Viit. EmkBnele, cuniisru in llie eTcniPK; 

lul de ll Villt leunrteiU B<ery eTenineli leTsral caMg In tbs OmrcOBi 
PubUM (p. 133|^ dcJIi ColoiuK, Cunu V»»ta 1. ll^euncr k la (miicbBlls 
naj' be prucured at muu or Ihe caHe^ aim euud beei in glugei (lauK, 
aio.; tMia-graode, 60c.). — luBs [lorftrlW, and 'pwil dvrf or ices (ru«n 

tnuBii, li in TOgoe. — ftnuMiK la s favgnriie kind uf caka, sipM»ll? »t 

B«T. BiTTtrM HaiioHale, a large eiUbliBbmeBl in Ibe Via Bttia 
Albeilo, on Uic W. ildc of Ibe Plana del nuooiu (Vienna beef)) 'SuAtf, 
Galeria Vill. Emaneele^ Biri-tria Ifanola, Conw Vlttorlo Kmanui^le (UN- 
varian and Vienna beerji •riimli, Qalleria do" CriitofnrlB (p. 132). 

Bath*. Oanu Villotlu Emanucle 17, elean and not expensive; YIb 
PauDimloil, Elc. — Snimmlae-Batbs: ' Bagnom Diana IVl. DJ), imMir 
(he inwta VaBBilB fskallng-rink in wintcOj Bagno yarbmale, nuiBida tbe 
(n>o A Cuili(|fdardD, niih a Mparale bwiin fur ladiel. 


lit i 

h TCblclB). P 

r drive by day 


from Ibe 


U artiole o 



u» from (lie 

eferr&Din, t. 


of whtcb 

ro pi 


be '««■((. hci 

c, lo tbo rail* 

•Ullen 3& 

, Ibe most 

ei«' and Iho 'Fm 



en efTeuled by uiinK lliese leliicl 


mjaJ To A 


Fms, Ihe ri. 

ai Cailollo, at 

end uf tbe 



Iwlwccn U 

G Peru Pri 


Porta Voneiia, 


and Vi^H 

the 1 

wo ]U« tbo 


ffiee (PI. US 

Hi J([). neu 1^ u 

>»> ReiJi.', 


- TaW"*"* 

(5v. flKi, « 

w llia *£.<■« 

, Plan 

a de 


tcanll W,'a« 


tba C«mlT»l only; the intoriur li worthy of i_^ . 

■Ka Cani^Mana (duriim tbi; UarnlTftl i>nljt PI, B3>, wllh titlli^lt 9 
JTouisiir (PI. 64 1 E, U, near tbe Muu 9. Pedole, alepoAU nited Dp, p«t- 
ConniiDiiaB aometlmeii Id FieBoh. Tain dal Virmi {Vi. (IB), onorw asd 
ballets In summer nnd aatuTnn, dnunu, Gomrxt<<-i, and haltets during tin 
Claniival. — Tbs Tsalro CatUUi, Via Palermo (PI. E.l), ii now ugad h a 

Baiikara. fmrt ^ Bcfirrliba, Via AndfCarli Uoct, Wtigtl. * KntttF, 
Via Onvu ISi itrUm * Oo., Via Cleriei 4| r/l>Vc* « Co., Via Biell ai-. 
WMH, SeJtoUFiaH, t Co., Via Pielro Vstrl T. — X<niar-<nuD|W ; A.eHU, 
Pl»» Maroanll. 

BNkMUerb F. fiocoM ^ n^K (formerly Jrlaria), Vi]L 9. HftrgberiU; 
Bi/rpll. OallcriK de' Crli>(<>rori9 ; B. Brifala, CurH) Vittorio Emannele »; 
A. VaUardl, Via 8, M.rghBrilai Dumnlard, Cuno Vltl. Bmanimlo M, 

1ta« .diis rniH d-iuul V^ Carlo llbeTll, near as'piar.ia ilel Uuunn! 
li an utabllabmcnl In the atyie of tbe large Magiuliii al PaH). Tll« BUi 
/ndailrg of Milan, in ulilch upwardi u( SDO consldenbte nrni art bb- 
gaged, Is Tory iuiportaot. Tbe rallowlng are Doled reUII dealsn: nr- 
»mi. CoriK) Vlllorio Emanuele, adinining tbe Hrlisl de U Ville; Ouuift, 
Via 8. BadeKODdi, a llltle 10 the N. of Ibe Catbedral. — Uarblu: BlauM, 

Vltt. gmnnnele. al tbe eorasr ofVlaPasquirolo, hy tbe HStel dr Is Vllle, 
wbere gcnaine bavRnae are alio mid. 

Pennanent Act Exhibition: Via S. Primo, open dally. 

Bncllifa Ohnreli Berriia, Vicolo San Olovannl della Conca (2. 

Prineipal Attraetina: Catbedral, aicend to tbe roof; Oalleria VitUiiu 
Bmannelei Brern (picture-gallery); Aroo della Paoe; S. Maria delle BraiOe 
and Leonardo da Vincra Luit Supper; S. Amhrugln, the oldeel of Uie 
ehurcbeai Ambroelan a (pictures); IHsezs du' MeManti; tbe new cenetery; 
between B aod 7 p.m. walk through Corso Villuriu Emanuela Ut and 
beyond (he Porto Veneili. 

^iion (390 ft.), Bamamed 'la grandt', the jVedioCMum of fte 
KotaaliB, wMcli was ri^built after Its total daBtruetion In 1162 by 
Iho Emp. Frederliik BarbaroBSa, la tlie capital of Lombaidy, thd BeU 
of sn archbialinp and oiio of tie wenlthleat tuanufacturiHg towns in 
Italy, silli and woollen goods being tie staple conimodlilHs. It 1« 
situated OH tie small rlyet Oiono, whinh howeuer is na'lgabla uid 
is connected by means of the Unviglio Qrande [p. 71) wtlli the 
Ticino and Logo Mogsiore, by tbe Navlglio di Pavia with tie TIcino 
and the Fo, and by tie Navigtin ilella MaTtesana with tbe Adda, the 
Lokt of Caiiio, and the Po. Tie towii la 7 M. in clrcmnfereniip, 
and contains 200,000 iiiiab. , or, Including the eubucba, about 

The faTourable Bltualion of Milan In lie centra of Lombardj h 
ways <eeured for it a h^ degrBH of ■■ " ■ ■■ - — 

AmliroglB and s ftw oibsr ehurcliee, I 
Jt&t byibB eiapeiur f^iieriek BaTb< — 
fy Ibe xllicd clliBs uf Brescia, Bergu 

artcrwardA ruled by »ie rirojili Il31'2-1417}, tlira by llie SJ 
(Hn.l536). Under Ihe supremacy of lie Hili^r it illm'ned the 

f^m we lo lOOolial of Ltmiii^ da Vinci tiom IIU to 1B16. TbI 

'a {luplls who aouriBhcd Uere were BavotdtiH htriiti, 
paure lhi ud«iv, uwv- jIaI- BoUrofJto ^ Mtirro dd Oggionno , Aii4rta StUaiito, 
id GmdBoiB hrrari. — Silou wilb Uie rest i>r Lamrnrdf nfterwiiidii (eli 
ita Uw Hudii D( ibe fijiaxiardi, knd in 17U fell to AuHria. In ITM 
bamuie Uie upUiI at Ibe <atal):uie Ri^iiiblvs', ud (hen (dunn lo 181&J 
lU or Ibu BntOam of Half. Tlie bluody Itiaurrectlun of ITIli Hiy, 181B, 
impelled Ifao ^utlWoii to erDciule Ihe clly, and Ifae patriotic agijlllnns 
hlcb enaued were liappily enddd by (he desired union wllb Llie new 
Ingdoni 0/ lUly In 18^ 

Taniardtui, fionntrU, Jrgati, Cain, and BoccogKii. — Piiktihu Ib 
repfswnlBd by Fr. Baptt , iHdwD , Bianc/ii , Mairim, Paicini , and nthers, 
but moat of these >rCia(> HiBm tu culUvata (be mgderu I'arielcn itylii, and 
lo be entirely obllTloua of Ibtir glnrioni old national tradiliuiil. 

The old part of the town, a porttoTi of wliich uonflists of nstrow 
and Irregulnr BtreiitB, Is eiicloaod by oanala, heyond whinh tinbttrbs 
(borghij, named after the dirTeraiit gates (Forti. Veiiezia, Cutuulmi 
or Usribjildi, Sempione, Btc.% have sprung up. 

The (ocua of the couimereUl and pllblio life of MiUn ii tho 
fiatta del Sttonu) (PI.D,£,6], which wu fgrmdTly coopeil up 
hetwui?ii iuaignillcant lanes, bnt haa reeently been BiDch aitendail, 
and ii now enclosed by Imposing edifleeB designed by Qiuteppt 
Metigoni (p. 121), and still partly unBniahed, forming with the 
cathedral a striking srehltentural whole. 
^. The celebrated "OathBdial tPl.iJJ, dedicated ' Mnriite fiiatiatir ^ 
as the inscription on the fogsde innounoea, and as the gilded statue 
on (he tower over the dome also Indicates, erected In tlie Ootljic 
style, la regardad by the Milanese ss the eighth wonder of the 
world, and ia, next to <St. Puter's at Borne and the aathedral at Se- 
ville, the largest chnrch in Europe. The interior U lf)9 yds. bi 
length, 61 yds. in breadth; nave ISS ft. In height, 17 yds. In 
breadth. The dome is 320 ft. In ho%ht, the toner 360 ft. above 
the pavaiuent. The roof U adorned with 98 Gothic turrets, and 
the eiterior wlthupwardsotaOOOBtatneaiii marble. The structure, 
which waa founded by the apleii dour-loving (iian GaltaiMO ViacOnt'i 
in 1386. perhaps after tlie mudel of the Uologiie cathedral, pro- 
grosBod but slowly owing lo the dissensions and jealoustea o( the 
Italian and Northern architects, whereby It was impossible to attain 
unifOinilty in the eiecntion. ^rieo di GurnotUa (^Ueinrich vOn 
QmQnd), one of the nuBierous competing architects from Prance and 
Germany, haa erroneonaly been called the builder of the caChedca.1. 
The whole waa finished in its principal pivtti. a.1 Cfte I'VitK ^ ■*»* 
ibOifeiitary In aooordanea wUh tlno A.'signs oi I?tow*w.q toQ^tn-v 
(domej, and Oiov Anl. (hnodeo, ejicest.u\6 ttio otw'6sft«^'«-*-'*'' 


120 Rdule IS. MILAN. 

e fa,t>ilo ^douts uiii witnluws), whicli was executed ii 
nee style by PelUgrino Tibaldi in the middle of tfae I6t!i centniy. 
Ill 1800 Mapoleoti euiised the works to be resumed, lud the lower 
if the dome to be added , and at the present daj addltlnna snil 
repairs are KoiiatBiitly 111 progre&B. 

The cboieh U Rruoirurni In ebape, with double aUlee, iiid • 
tTtneiipl alM naiiked with t-UX^i. The Ihthmou is euppocted by 
'!2 pillars, each 1*2 ft, li> diameter, thu saniniits of which are ad- 
arued with nannpii^d iiinhrs with BtiCiiiis inateid nt capitals. The 
paTeaieiit (soiislabi entirely of moiiaic iu marble of different enl* 
enra. The vaulting Is skiiruliy palmed in imitation of perforstei] 

._. . . „ . Dlte rroir Ihp quarries nl' BavcDQ {see p. 27). The band ot 

ta. 1015(,' wild cracifi.. 'OolhiemonunienlofMaHniadeC.reliiB IS. 1884). 

MKle de- Kedlci, creeled hj Ihelr hroflur Pnpe Plu> IV. (1G64), the Outm 
bTODia ilaluM by /.mr.. I.tml (, Ti^^k.-in iiir Ihe roof (aSu., ><m 

19 In thn turner or lb,- -ill.. wnM ; i ■ ■ ■^r,.^ ..I M»ry (E. wall 

idlh bl^in o"hiT'p''br,ul-i^^r!'"ai..'.' i.' ..r,,, " ^ iT' ■■,„■. Vins^^riplio.i^n 
- "teloi «ed Uarcns llnxit AfratiiH'. 

', fee i ir.'i amone alluit valuahlea it eonlalnr> lirtsiu alatuu 

.. t«T.)'— Jt'liltle firmer on Is lbs cnarble Honmnent oT CardlMl 

Hsrino Cameclidl Id. IbSS), by wbom Enp. Cbi ' " 
Aii-U-Ohapello in IBS" •''■ - '—-•■■ ■■' "■- •■— 

feMiOnalB 1g for the Ge , „ ._,-,—„-,.. , 

gliH fn the thiBB r«l elioir winduws , compri.iag 3fi() represenlUiou of \ 
■crlntaril SBbJecM, were eiueDlud by Alaii and aior. BcrUni of OauUll* [ 

, Beftin ni« iTSaoribti t> reaohed , the SUlue of Hu) iV. <s fieca BboTsI 
Mb a dtHaf uoiture, by Axttla Sieaiiuio. The donr of Ibla aaurialy ii alwi 
' adorned vita fine eculptaref ia marble. 

B; lbs B. wall Df Ibe V. Tuhsept is an ^lir nith ttae Cmeiaiioa 
B iiBh roMef, by Jul. PmUnaTi. In the eonlre of Ibii Iranaepl, in rnsl 

aeooled in the ISlb eoBt., and decmaled wilh Jeweli, presanted by IHtr. 

North Aisle: Altar-piece, painted <n IGIXJ by Fia. BanmU, npra- 
lenljne S, Ambroglo releoslog Erep. Tbeodiulus from eocleaiiistioiJ puiaj- 
lee. Upon the adjuinlne allar or St. Jotcpb, Ibe Nuptlalii qC Hory, by t. 
tueeinrv. Tbe foUowing cbepel cnnlains (be old wooden Criicl^ wWtt 
1. Cwlo Borromeo bore in IBTB, when engiited, barefctilod , in hfil nU- 
dana of merer dnrlng tbe plague. Tnder tbe next window is a MinuaWal, 
villi a relief of Ibe Tii«Ia in Ibe centre, by JTorcAui.' on Lbe rlgUMii 
eft IhB two SB. John by JTmIi. Nut far from ibe V. aide diwr h Um 
'-if, coBBlttlng of a taroophagui of S. Uionyglns, but appropriated ta 
preHnI uis by S. Carlo Borruincu. Tlie canopy ia by UlUiirmi. 
is froni of Oie eboir, belon Ibe dome, Is Ihe tabiernneta Oofydl* 
iH* i^BirnBUB (p. IflTt, with Ibc tninli of ttis satol ■, khViuh* uv»»W« 
toow lo Ibe meiiaty, lu thu K, and 8..0I lie e^ioVi (.oyta ^hkmmmi 

la-Obapclls in IBSO. The tourtb of the hudfome new Gothic . 

lU, Id wiuicr 7-10 a.iD.i At "(hi'r llmcd I fr.; fi>r eliriwlne Ihi; rell<»: 

■ 1^ ssiiit ulr.). 
ThH traveller should not omit to nscetid to the 'Ho 
TowRR ol the Cathedral. The atalrcaae agneiids Fraai the comer of 
the Tight transept (ticket SS o. ; map of town and Biivlroiis I'/afr. i 
open till an hom before aun«et, In summer from 5 n.iu.V As single 

'isilora are not now ailmitteil, except when other vleitorE are already 

.t the top, a party of two or more must be made up (eomp. p. 'iU). 

?hB visltnr shoutd mount nt once to the highest gallf ry of the tower 
(by [94 steps ineidB and 300 outside the ediflr.a]. A watehniBii, 
generally stationed at the tapitoEseises » good telesr/ipe. The Unest 
views of the Alps are obtained early. 

ly. 2i^i.e\^ttn tliMsTwu, Ihc laa 'lotly'sinsa^. (Ifl° rat ToXt 
Siinl sianii, Oroil HI. Hernai^i Uimte RiiAa. Ilie imisl ennji^iciiditx ol M^ 
to Ihe lill n( Ihe last ib« promlncnl Hallccborn; Ibeu llie Clioa di J»i, 
StmhIlKini. and Hisuliaht'Ii N.W. Ibe HobIb Le^ne neu (be nmpliin; 

id K. in Ihe fliatsnei; Iba peak o( lie Oitlor. S. iLe C(*M»« of Pavia 

. tm) In <l>lb1c. rarlher V,. Iha Iciwura uni dumei o[ PavU IticIF, In 

e Vhachgrnund tbe Apannines- 

To the S., opposite the RathucLnil, ttatlda the Pniuuo Rffile(P\. 

48), built on thesltflof apaliM-Hthe ViicDiiti in 17T2, adunicd 

with fresnoOB by A. Appisni, B. Liiijii, and Hayez, and I'Dntninii); 

a handsome ballroom (Sala dolle Cariatide), eta. — Adjoining it. on 

the K., Ib the larRe ATchitphcup'il -Ftilafe [Anivencovailo ; ri.4nii 

by Pellegrini (Iffdl^;), containing a haniUome Court with a double 

nolonnacle and marble statues (Moaea aud Aaron] by Tniidardini. 

The W. side of the Piazis del Duomn is skirted by the Vhi 

CaHo Allierlo {see p. 131), beyond whinh . to the N.W., Ilea the 

PiViiM rfe' Mcreanti (see p, 127). 

Un the N. side Is the iaiposln); new palatial rafade wlili^h forms 

the entraiine to the •ChUlwia Vittorio EmaniielB (PI. 40; K.ri.l!), 

ooniitetine the Piazza del Dnmui> with the Piazza ilella 8rala. This 

is tbe most spadons and attractive atruftturc of the kind in Europe. 

It was bnllt in 1865-67 by the arehitect Glut. Mtngoni. oiie of 

:! mOHt gifted of modem Italian arohitects, who unfortunately 

lost his lift, by falling from the porWl (flnishcd in i87») in 1877. 

The gallery, which la said to haTe wiat 8 million ft. (320,000i,), 

■ is. in length, 16 yds. in Tircadlh, and 94 ft. in height. 

I is that of I Latin nross, with an octagon in the centre, 

l^er whloh rises a cnpola ISO ft. in height. The decorations are 

^WeU-exeRuted and bear testimony to the good taste of the Milanese. 

6 OAtagon is adorned vith frescoes, representing Europe, AMa, 

rAAlca, and Ainerlc.a. while the freECDes on the eutrince-arches 

e emblematic of Science, Indastry, Art, and Agricultnre. The 

gallery oontaina handsome shops, and is lighted in the evev>i.«.%^ 

""0 gas-jets. The drcie of gaa-jete in l^vtt ftoiuc \*\\go.V^M », 

fl engine set l;j motion by clochwotli, ■((■"nVc^* ins* \va ■«**** ^^^ 

wf^oiiii., unrf attraittg niiuKiroiis speclntoTs. i 

;an, on me niiu, uiToar, bmmuuBi PbtHbcrl (p. SIJ, Viltmt 

muu, uiuiOileuia Vlnconll tii. 116); KommEnuri(p. 1211, Flar CapnnnI, 
UMohlBVelll, Miroo Poloi B»pbu1, O^ileo, Itanta, Mlobul Angela; Volta, 
LuMne, Oinv. ilk Prooldi, Beccnrlu; nl tlie rliht UWnl ouUst Baao 
ds' agtudinl and. OoUmbua, at tbc led Uleral oollet PerniEola ud 
Uiinti: il Ihu cnlnnci: hum On ar.a.U. Sa<.iDtr<ile mi Dgn Fuioala. 

Tbo P^i^^.i urlla Scala (PI. E. 5) Is eiubelli«heil irith tbe 
^*Konameiit of Leonarda da Tlnoi (145I2-1&I9} by lHagni, erected 
in 1872. The aWtiie of the maater In Carrars maiblo, orur life-siKe, 
Btanils on a lofty pedestal, Biiimaniled by Marro da Ogglonno, Geure 
da Seat!) , .SaUiiio , and Hnltntrtlo , four nf hie papiU , and adorned 
with iwpiaB of his principal irarks lii relief. — In tbe piaiza, to ttke 
W. of the atatnu, is thbi Tealro lUUa Seata (p. 1 18) ; lo lbs E. Is the 
large Patatco del Marino, in whleb the AfunJfiipJo(Fl. 52) hu been 
establiahed since 1861 , ereotod In Ibbb fiom dBslgna by Oaleano 
AlesBl, -with a massive facade {SM. aide'] and interesting court. 

Beyond it is the Jesuit churflli of S. FcdeU (PI. I&l In the 
Piazza of that name, erected by S. Carlo Borromeo In 1569 from 
deaiglia by PclUgrlni, contaitilng a aumptuous Mgh altar. The ad' 
Joining Paliaio del Caua td Arehinio, formerly the Jeauil college, 
eantains part of the goiernraent arnhlvea, (ihlofly dooumoiit* relat- 
ing to the history of Milan. 

We next proceed from the Piazza della Siutla to the N. by the 
VU S. Giuseppe (PI. E, D, 5J and Via di Btora w the Brera. In the 
Via del Monte di PieCJi, the second side-street on the left, ia the 
handaome new Ctaia di Biapamio , or saTinga-bank , an Imitation 
of the Palazzo Btrozii at Florence. 
y The 'Stvte. (P1.S0;D,4; Via di Brera 38), or PaUievi deOe 
Science erf Arli , formerly a Jesoits' Colloge , contains the Pleturt 
QaUay, ibeLibrary oflheAeademy foondedln 1170 (200,000 yoIs.; 
open daUy), a ColUetion of Coin* (50,000), the Obiervatory, a wl- 
lention of Caait from the antique, and an Archueologieal Miueum. 
I The handsome CotixT by Bicchini contains statues In mttble of 

the political economlBt Count Pletra Vari, the architect Maralioae 
Luigi Cngnoin (d. 1633), Tommaio Qraisi, thu mathamatlBiaia 
Qabrio Piola and Pm Bonaoentura Caaalitrl (d. 1047), and Carlo 
Oltaoiit Castiglione. In the aentre of the court is a bronze ststoe 
of Pfapoleon /., aa a Roman emperor, by Canava, considered one of 
his finest works. By the BtaircaEB, to the 'left, the statue of the 
colobrated jurist BeccoTia (A. 1794), who was the first to call in 
question the J ustice of capital paniahment ; to the right, that of the 
satirist Oiu*. P'lTini (d. 179B), proftasor of rhetoric at the college 
of the Urera. 

The "PiOTtiiUi Gij,LHnv (PinncoleeaJ, whinh containe about 600 
works, is open daily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. (on holidaya from 12, 
io winter aud on SundayB till 3)-, admlaaum \.ti., Swiiviv tad 
Tiarsdaya gratia. 


IS. Boti 

The gem of the eoUeotioii is Bafhari'i .fjJosoiiiio (No. 1 
tho chief work of his tirst oi Uujbrian period. The 
•'turea of the Lombard echool, and particularly the fre! 
it of churches, are nlao vory vnliiable, Tho drawing of the head 
^of Christ for the lust Supper |_"No. 308] shows with what beauty 
Lf'inardo could invest hie flgureB. Amnng Che oil-pnintiags, 
No. 89 by Bemurdini Luini is i very meritorious worli, and among 
the (reBcDOB, Nos. 46 and 51, by the same master. The moat in- 
teresting worlis of the early Italian lohool are No. 166 by Qeniilt 
' da Fobriona, and No. 1S7 by Mantrgna. The eollection also affords 
an instmctlTe Burrey of the prngress of Curio Crlvelli (who nonrlsh- 
ed in 1408-93; 3rd and 8tL rooms), a matter who connects the 
Vaduan school with that of Tenire. The most notable vorlia of 
tbe latter achool are No. ir>4 by Oentiie BtlUni, Nob. 2TI^ and 291 
by QiovannI BelUnl, and No. S'Ji by Cima da Conegliano; and of 
a later period No. 205 by lianifaeio, No. 244 by Titian, and Nos. 
"'" "10,251 by LoTcnso LoUo. No. 463 by Domenic'iino, and 
i by fiutrcino , roproseiit tlie Italian masters of the 17lh 
centnry. The moat important works of foreign aehools are No. 444 
by BuieiM, Nos. 439 and 443 by Vim Dynk, and No. 446 by Item- 
brandt. Each picture bears the name of the painter. Catalogue 
1 fr. 25 c. 

I. and H. Adth-Ceukbbss : 1-70. Frescoes by Ferrari, JSra- 
1, Fofpa, Marco da Oggionao, and particnUlly by Btmnr- 

a with St. Anthony and St, Barbara (46), Angels (13, 26, 44, 
48, 53, 65), and St. Catharine borne by angels (61); Qaadcoiio 
Ferrnri, Adoration of the Magi (24). 

Rook I. : 72. Borgognane, Coronation of the Virgin ; S4. Zrnitle, 
Madonna, with the four great nhuccih rathcrs, S8. Jerome, llre- 
. AngDstine , and Ambiose, and the donors, Lodovico M>ro, 
i>ife Keatrlne, and bi^ two nhildren; Sb. Balaino, Madonna 
:h saints ; *S9. B. Luini, Madonna ; 93. Mnrco da Oggiaano, Fall 
of Liinlfer; 95. B. Lulni, Madonna with aainta; 103. Andrea 
, sumamed da Uiliino, Madonna and saints; 104. Oau- 
dentio Ferrari, Martyrdom of St. Catharine; 113. Ben. Cre/pi, Cir- 
■ ■ n o( Christ; 13«. Nmolonl, The artist's family, 
Rooull. : 156. OenliUda Fubriimo, Madonna euthioned ; 168. 
Antonio and Oiovnnni da Murana , Madonna, with the Child and 
BaintB;*161. Carlo Crivdli, 89. Jerome and Augustine; •163. 
I Bart, Montagna, Madonna enthroned, with angels playing on In- 
uments and saints, one of the artist's mastoTpieees. 
•166. aenliie BeUlni, PTeaohing of St. MmV iX. ^XcvMi&t*. ^ 
is pieoB we 'percrivc thai tbe atl ot Reniile ftt"*™ "^^ Wii«w^ 
e nf hit deUh waj listler than It ^ai evei >seeii \«i.V<ntt. . - - v« 
m li Bne, Uie HgurBs have tbclnUfUoa^iV^ n„^'M,V1«. V^**** 

iHg in Sonh Italy', b; Crmec imd CaralmKl!,. 

iGS. I'alma Vecchio, Arloiation of the Magi; J69. (iiovaimi da 
tJiiine, St. UrauU stid her viigln ittendonts; ITl, 177. OUuomo 
Ralbolini, Madonna with laints ; ilH^Mastota, Portolt of t nun , 
182. anrofalo. Descent bom the Cross ; 184. Oiov. Siinl((Tt.pli»el'B 
father), AnnHndatiou; 18S. C CriecWi, Cniciflxion. '187. A%- 
dna Manlegna , Luge altar-piece in twelve lecClnnB, at the toy 
Madonna and St. John weeping over the dead hody of Christ, 
below St. Lnke and four other aainta, painted in I4f>4, anil a pioof 
ol the early matnrlty of the artiit, then 15 yeaca old. 188. Cima 
da Conegliano, 89, Peter Martyr, Attgnatine, and Niciolaa of Bart; 
•189. C. CrhcUi, Madonna and Child; 191. TimoUo Viti, Annun- 
eiation, with John the Baptist and St. Sebnatlan. 

HoDUllt.: "HXi. Moretto, Maduona on clondB, SS. Jerome, 
Anthony Ahbas. and FiaDcls ofAaalBJ, a worli of lively and in- 
tellentnal uxpression and vigoroua colouring; 304, Faolo VerantH, 
liapttsm of Christ; •MI5. Bonifacio {The Elder?; d. 1540J, Find- 
ing of Moae« ill the ark of bulrnshes, in the Btjlc of Oiorgiuiie ; 
208. PhtU B-irdone, Baptism of Christ; '209. I'.iih I'efoncje, 
Cbrlit in the house of the Pliarlsee; 211. llonifacln, Christ 
atEuimans; 213. IVnlor'lto, Pieta; P. VtTonstt, 2i;i, SH. Gregory 
andJerome, 210. Adoration of thu Magi, 217. SS. Ambrose and Ao- 
gaittne; 221. CilUlo Plata, Madonna and aainta; *223. Paolo 
Vffoncst, SS. Anthony Abbas, Cornelius, and Cyprian, a monk, 
and a page, the finest 'umveraazione' piece Taee p. 232) by thia 
maater; 225. P. Yeronesf, Last Supper; 237, 233. Parit Bordohe, 
Madonnas; 226. Tintorello, SS. Helena, Macarins, Andrew, and 
Barbara; 230. Oirol. 8avoldo, Madonna and saints. 

Booh IV.: 233. Vine. Catena, St. Stephen; 235. AforeHo. 
Aaaamptlon of the Ti^^. 

Lorrnto LoUo (p. 170), *U9. Portrait of a woman, "250, 251. 
Portraits of men. 

'The flnc-chiSEllcil fEolm-ES fnf N". TO)), fitpemels pore In irawiBf, 
cbarm ijj iheir mild expreuioTi. A dellcule bnt tanalttiy mimplBxlaa i> 

A ItalC lenglb in (he iiniG ealleelioD rcpreeenlB a man nt lean snl bony 
uake witli a iwallow-tallBd bunt , ■ grcT Eye, elune <el realorii, ud ■ 
gntt nipeol. ... A Ibird half leneth, oumpanlsn tu Ibcae. efTeri anujbar 
•Mplaiv ill irjiB and eiecnlloB. A man utands nt u table In a pElisae witt 
,,..- „„„. !._ .. V — t..a.j .-J 'Etrdiil. His riiht banAnjata 

_hc fuddy nkln of Ihc fane la 

nuw ODid by wbicb Ibe play uf light and 
rellectiung 1> Tcndared wllb deeeplivc truth'. — C. t C. 

257. Gimt. Bntt. Moroni, Madonna and aainta; •244. Titian, 
St. Jerome, a characteristic example of his later style, piinted 
about 11)60; 243, 245. Titian, Heads of old men. 

Itoou y. : 25T. Mnnlitynn, Madonna unA Baii\w ■, Vilt. Carpaeeia, 
268. erneenution in tlie Ten]ple,260, BelioftiB-Xut^XieNwii^^nSfc. 

AN. /«, Huat 


esr.BTlt ^ 

e, St. Subaatiuii ; 2{)9. ^Vrincescu V'erfu, MadOI 
iria EBltits; FVano. du Ponle, autiiamcd B-isaano, 370. Oesr.BTlt 
from the Ctpsa, 271. WliiWr, 273. Aotumo, 

Room VI. ; 277. C. Ci-ii>e«i, Madonna and salnta ; IJlov. Beillnl, 
J9. Hadonns, "178. Pietll, an early and geiralncl; impassioned 
work; 282. Vilt. Carpaccio, St. StephsD and the suribea; 2g4. 
Palma Yt(xhlo (fj, St. Heloua and ConBtinHne. St. Kochus and 
St. Sebastian; 288, 289. C- CriveUi, Sainta j •291. ()io«. BelUni. 
Madonna i *294. Cima, St. Peter, St. Paul, and John the Baptist. 

Rotm VII.: 300, Andrea Solaria, Portrait; 303. Cuare da 
Se»tn, Madonua. 

301. Manlet/na, Pietl, painted about 1474. 

iHuaied^fnini nilare, and imiULinK' Usht,' Fliaae. »na rtlfeell "n with a 

'*3IXi. Bt^haeVs lat-famed Spoaalizio, nr the Nuptials of the 
Virgin, paintud la 1^4 Tor the church of S. FranCBSCo in Cltta> d 
CastpIlD, where it lemainpd till 1798, 

The a<iniK)i>l(t<m cloael; reiiciiihles 11lal nt the SiioiikUilii "t r lit aa 

Iha li>n If rimniled. and In holh a Hiiell pi<lv|r>>nnl U'lrL^ilF. ■ chs nlng 

1,'retMt of BranmnlB'a huiliin?", rij.- i- tl.- h-i.l..r.™iia. Tha c n aJ 

^ pact nf the foFDEminid ia occiipifrl !■■ il. ■ l^'i ■■.!'.!. I )ii;;li prti wh 

. jntns the handu orthabrldaj pair. w. < .141 uf e ai^ f" 

' vir^Tia, whili near Joaeph filand rlii ' ' ! ' 41L pa.*(l an 

I nf irfanm breaki hta alirivelled w^Tii < ..n nf Jtap ae] 

work, howeyer. diraleea in mnny ]. ■. !, .i- , j. In mail ho 

mora d'cllsate dlaponitliin of the gronptn^ rBveal tbe orl^inlJ and paeuliac 
■eniua of the younger artist'. — 'Baffatl uiul McAelmv'o', H Praf- it- 

Laea SIgnortlll, 304. Madonna, 306, Scourging nf Ohrlst; 
OcntlU da Fabriimo, 309, St. Jerome, 307. St. Dominio; "308. 
Letmardo da VInei, Stady for the head of Christ in the Last 
Supper; *310. Oiollo, Madonna, the eontral part of an altur-pieito 
of which the wlnga are at Bologna (p. 399); 319, '11 Benaglin 
degll Dei' (ahaoting-match of the goda], a sketch attributed to 
Raphael, bnt apparently marked at a work of Mluhaol Angelo by 
> Raphael's own hand. 

KooH Vlil : 321. Ouida Reni, S.S. Paul and Ppter ; 333. Albimt, 
Dance of Cnplds; 326. Gnroj'niD, Madonna and Child; -328. Gutr- 
eino, Abraham andHagar; *331. Fr. Frunciu, AnnuiicLatiun; 332. 
Ouida Reni, An ApoBtle. 

RooHlX; 343. Hoifiema, Mountain landscape; 349,350. Jlem, 
BeUoilD (Caaaltttiii, Laudacapcs; 309. 8at. Rui|»dJitl,V^'»*'*^"'4^"-' 
374. W. van Mierii, Egther ; 359, Turn. W^)A, hX'Jaew&^^-v ^*^ 
JanBruegkct, Setting put tor maxVl-, ^\. 8ma**'^i '*'^*t^'' 

120 koulf I'i. MILAN. 

KoohX: '387. Vtlaz<iua, DeidiDOnk; 386. Satna 
»i. Paul the BviRiit; 3!IS. Oaepar Poairin, John the HuplM^ 
DblU; 399. Bttra da Cortona, Madonna, the Child, and Mint*; 
Sahlryriu, 103. St. Jetome , 404. CruciBxlon ; 412. Saataf^emOo, 
Msdotiiu; AIM. Raphiel Mengi, Portrait; 438. Juruetuvan CntUat, 
Portrait; *439, A. van Dyek, Madonna and Child, nilti 8(, An- 
thony of Padua ; iiO. Jacob Jordaett' , Abraham's sacrillM', 443. 
Van Df/fk , Portrait; *444. nuA«ni, Last Supper, a late work of 
adrairBble colouring, bnl 'somewhat coarse; 445. A. v<m -Oyat, 
Portrait; '446. Itembrandt, Portrait, painted In 1632; 450. Moaert, 
St. Catharine. 

RiMM XI ; 476. Longhi, Madonna mid saints ; *453. Jlomen- 
lehlno. Madonna and siliits, 

RoaH SII : By the window. Bust of Manzoni by Straaa and 
Uiil readtng by Magni, 

To the left, farther on, xre several roaoie containing modem 
pictnies, sketehei of aoaiicmioanB, cast* from the antiqtic, Renala- 
Huiie and modern suulpturea. (An gnnual exhibition of art taltea 
place in theee rooma, generally in Septomber.^ — Room XIII. : 
570. Aaoribed to Paolo Veronae, l.ast Suppot. — Roosi XX: Ca- 
»o«n, Vestal Virgin; 'Thorvaldien, Monnment of Andrea Appiani, 
Three Graces, and Cnpld. — Roov XXIV. (the laatl contains 
two copies of Lfimirdo dn Vinnts Last Supper, that 'al fieBeo' by 
MioDO d'Ogf'mnno being tho best. — Uelnming hence to the ante- 
chamber , the visitor i^nters the OAi,i.i(Ria OGeiONi to the riKbt : 
813. Luinf, Holy Family; 762. CriireiH, Coronation of Mary (1493] ; 
797. Suido Hsni (?), St. .lerome. 

The Knaeo Aroheologioo on the ground-Hoar (admiasion dtil; 
10-3, flOe.; Sundays 2-4, free; eutr-noe In the amall Piasza ai 
Ilrera, ot through a passage to the right on the ground'Hoor] non- 
tains a Btnall uollei'tlon, imperfectly arranged, of antique, medin- 
•sl, and Renaissance Bculptriree and auuient frescoes, chieQy found 
■.( Milan, or collected from churches now destroyed. The flneit 
works are those of AgoMno Buali, with the enigmatical snmiQU 
of U Bambaja (bom ahont 1470). Nothing is known nbout tbi* 
master, except that he was one of the host Italian sculptors of the 
16th eent. , and his siiill seems to have been inherited hy the 
Milanese statttsries of Che present day (p. 119). 

I. ItooK. Wall (if Itae dour {rigbl) : I. Tumb-nUer (Qnek work- 
inan«bip); adJolDlng it a ReiiaiaaanD« ^putLo' bfltwo«n inHrlpUona ^ad 
aiwJpluTei. Winilow-wall : Mediieral aculpture from Ihc tympaanm of 
a church) Onlhic bell ut iSSL Keil wall: ttomaa and modiBi^ Held- 
tectnial fragments. Fourlh wall: I^ctioiu o( Ibe mnnumenl oT Guloa 
de Foil (who fell al the battls of RaTenna )n 1013, iwe p. 913], lh>m 
the iouB»»lei7 (if 8, Warta, Ihe nnul inipcirlMil heiog CB.Ja raco-'— ' 

n ihm: fl 

,.t ;l c,i;i,ua, a j->uLl. IcfliiiuK un n .lalT (Qraek). By Ihr pilUn/dl^ 

cl«nt hud Id b«rriwi>»». H. '^unu uf Veniu willi Iho dolphlo. B. Munumsiil 
of Eegino delU ftjBU, wifo uf Boriubi VtBconll. In Iho eentn: A. Liaee 
Biunument uf Hflmabb Vlsoonti (d. ISBA), from S. ainvanni in CmiM, 
crselud dnrine hiii litelime (ISM), renting un twelve wlamu, uid rielil} 
gilded; un tbe laKuptiBeiu m Telicli, in Gront the four ettnteliaU, kl 
Ihobuk the wronillan orifsr;; si the slden the CrudDilon ud > Pielji ; 
■huTe, Uie sqUHtiian Itfttne of the deaeued. — II. Kuom. Ub llin ilKhl, 
■uili dF UBiDDrmnd bninie implenicnU fiam Ibe EniiM of Osnii dltcovorud 
ueir Ssliri CsIsEde In laSTi In tbc ckbltwlB, nlics from tumbe eie&Ttlud 
In lbs HmiYU fliirdino Pnbblltn, iMracollM, crystil, u" " ' ' ■ 
elc; alau vues und Beypiiu unUqultiea. On tbe will* t 
rruKoen, une of (hem In tbe itylo »( Oiullo. 

A little to the W., tn the Piazza del Csnniiie , 
chunih of B. lIaTi>delCMaise(PI. 20; I>, b) of the 15th 
now modtriilscd, coDtiiiilng » Madonna !u freaco by Luini. 

To tho W. of the PUzzn del Daomo , beyond the Via Carlo Al- 
berto (p. 131% Ilea the *FiuiB de' Keroantd (Fl. BO ; U. 6) , the 
r.enml point of the mi^dtieviil city, and formerly provided nith 
five gstee. In the centro of tho Piazza ia thu building which 
WBB formerly tlio Paltato dtUa Raglane, a Urge hall ereoted iu 
122H-33 by tho podestl (or mayorj Tresaeuo, to whom ah oqnes- 
trlan statue vas ererted on the S. side with the Inscription, 'qui 
Bolliim Biruilt, CatharoB ut debuit usslt' (tbe OaChari were a heret- 
ical sect). The ground-floor )b now the uom-ciohanf e, above whloh 
Is tUe Archivlo Notarila. On the N. side of Ibe plaxxa U the ancient 
Palasso delUi CllOt with a tower, erected in the 16th oentury, irith 
the exchange on the groond-floor; on the S. sl<le la the Loggia dtgti 
Otii, ereoted in 1315, adjoining whinli is the telegraph offlea. 

We proceed hence to the S.W. (by thu Via degli OreUd to 
left) to the Via and Piizia della RoBa. 

Tho celebrated *Bibliot«m Ambroiiuut {PI 
on week-dnyB 10-3 o'clock (fee 1 fr. ; pictuTe-gslIery, or Pjnucojcai; 
open to the pubHo on Wed., i0-2l/a; entrance from the reading- 
room to the right in the court) , oontalni 160,000 vola. of printed 
books, and 6,000 MSIJ. and palimpiestE, or codjees mcriplj, aomo 
of them very valuable. Director: Cita. Saeerdolc Ceriani, the 
Orientaliflt. The library was founded In 1609 by tho archbishop 
Cardinal FetUrigo Borromeo, to whom a Btatne was erected In front 
otthe building In 1865. 
, Tha COOIT conlaiu ancient loBcriptluas and a nlaliie if O. U. Suuinii- 

maii (d. 1836), Ibe tuelieruf iwiatKalluiuil law, and suU.ur uf i bu erimlnal 
eode lOT the Hapolennlc Kingdom uf Italj (1806). AdiolninE the purler's 
'-'-e-. Hoeklng uf Chrlil, a frMco by Liiimi. 

The BihIiBtaea cuDlaina amonc other traMnru Ihu Cadia AaMHto, 

, Lg a eojkelion of original drawings aid VS3. uf Lmaai-du do Cfncf; 

yirgll with marginal notes by Perraroh; fraemiiltii of a US, of llnmcr 

<» ore.' Carlo BorroDuo, Taaio, Galileo ' Ukuot\ , e'w. 'S^>iw, ^Ub.^ 
TMd wilh IhorM, si fnrco, itjmardtao Luiivi; C«v\a Vft wim'm^* ^ .»■ 
**.- »e™i-»J nttefiandhaslufByronbi ThoreiiMatn; mwait*,**** 

tgt i 

IsndKtpea, oarofally painted by •Ytlnt-Snieahi 

FsdeHgo Iturromeu. — The flnt door lu Ibn left 

nf Ihs Uuvisds; immerllstgly to Itae IttI, 'pBri-iinil-iiik sketcim bj A. 

ilDnr (Sunsnn and Ilm PhUixtines, 1910^ Goronalion df Miry). In tba 

Bth fruno, gkeUtau b; Lmardo da rind, the ansil the •Female Hsad 

IBs windnw : J. Jfanla^nii. Ti^iunph of Gsur. Oppuaite wall: dnwliifi 
bf and sftei ^icAoel anfilii |a fnme wilh drkwlofs fot the Sistlna Clwpcd). 

lib Willi , above : purl uT Ri,pbu]'< urtoan of tbc Battle ol CoBitanUae, 
untorlunately bttlt obUlenUcS. — V. F .. ^ .. . 

iwrdo da Vincl-n Last Siippisr hf Andri 
iUm t'l^'il, Portnit-headi Salotno, John 
Piirlrall of a man, 'aid <o be Uian Os 
fiBTlour mi 8l. iDhn, Huly FsmllJ ; "i 

OB llie window wnll. drawiDgi 1>y iMaorrf'i da Fiael,- Jli 

grin Ike tall kof to the artistic moiiyes i 
at tlie treico frum tbe eartoun, irllh tlii 
added al Ibe root of tbc alolrease, are uo.._,. .._. 
tbe Sbepberda asaribed to Titian is ui early mvy of Ibe iiTigioal • 
drl^, nor are any of Ibe olbsr 'TitiaBB' Eeoulne. 
, At the baclc of the litirary Is the veuecable ohuich otS, Sepotero 
(V\. 32 ; D, 6), dating froiB the 1 1th eeiitary. The Via del BoHo lexdi 
heiioB to the W. to the Piaiza 8. Barroniao , tu whith im sitiuted 
the Fataao Bo-rromeo, the amM nhumh ol S. Maria Podone, and a 
Matuo d( 3. Carlo Uorcomeo. — Thu Via g. Borranica and the Via 
8- Uarla alia Porta next lead to thu Cunsu M:aiihht4, oil the loft 
side of whioh rises thu small church of B. Kaqiino (PI. ^7; C, 5, 6), 
or ilamuilero Mitggioro, erented In 1503-1519 hy Qiov. itolnctugno, 
a pupil of Biainmite , wiiiUInlng 'Frescoes by LuJni, the bwt of 
whioh lie HUM the high altar. — Opposlto , to the ri|ht, h the 
Palace of the DiKaUtta fPl. 55), whose pi^iture gallerj waa soW In 
1866, with s liBiidsome rourt. 

Farther on ia the Corso Magenta, not far Mm the Porta MagMta 
ftormerly Vpropllinal, on the right, is sttuaU'd the nhiirch of — 
V. Maria della Oraiie (PI. 22; B, 5, 61, au abb^y-chunih uf 
cAe i5lh cent. , tiu: 'lotliic nave ol wWoXi aXotw "bAoiis^ ^ "i 


MILAN. IS. Rnute. 129 

Tliti uboir , tTKUaspt . &rid domo me attrlbutDd 
tu Brammte, who, ss ie well known, fltat csnied uut his principle 
of oeittrolSsIng IhB building, an Idea which lormed tho highest ar- 
chitectural aim of the ReiiMHsunpo , in Dppet Italy, and partic- 
ularly at Milan. The dome, resting on qtiadrangular anhstrno- 
tiouB, is externally n handsunie ediflco , dlBplnying originality 
uf design , and is Ginbellislicd with omauicntaCioD in terracottB, 
while internally its proportions are atrikingly effective (Barck- 

<on the rieht tlie Crucifliion, on Ibe led CliHst erowned with thorai, 
Christ acourgEd), eiBeulfd In 1312, His lut worki, and an aJtar-plcca 
(DeBccnt from [he CroM) by Cararagjfiv. In the 6lh chajel tmmnct by 
FiamiHga. Tu tlie rl|«bl, on the orgaii ahove, a Nadonna by luM. In 
Ihe S. alBle lohn tbe Baptist by BugianUnl! the iiuiciiily contains two 
rre>c(w> hy luiui, and gooit woo<I psinllnen on Ihr uablntl*. 

In the M.E. aUKle of tlie aiiiall piaiia to the W. of thia ehuroh 
ta the entrance to the refectory of the Euppreaaod monaatery of 
Sla. Maria deUt WaiU (now a cavalry-barrack] . ooniainliig the 
r^lebrated "Last Sotbr op LeonAbho u* VjKcr, painted hefore 
1490 (ahown daily 9^4 , admission 1 fr. ; on Sondaya, 11-3, and 
Thuradaya gratia; viaitorB knock at the door to the ri^ht; the 
'cuatode del oenaooto' is generally to be found in the refBcUiry~). The 
piolure ii unfortunately in bad preaervatlon, chiefly from havine 
been painted on the wall In oUa. A fieaco by Doaato Uonlorfana 
CCruelfliian} of 1495, oppoalte the Last Supper, is in much better 

Deplorabla ai i> thf condition iif the Lut Supper, the ohlef work 
cuecuted hy Leonaida during hi« lUy at Milan, (he oriEinal aloos ei- 

prea*, aad which t-nn the belt eaplel fall tg repiodace. The motlvg nf 
the wurk hai been well eiplalned by OoilUt: 'The ihoak by which Ibe 
arllil T«pr«K>nli> tbe company at tbe laored repaal ti deeply agitated ban 
heen proAucnd hyihe ll»»tei"B wnrds, Ona of you shall betray me. They 
havo Iteen pronounoedi tliB whole party <i in df«m«y, *hIlo he himielf 

One uf yi)u shall betny tat'' Comp. also p. 1. 

The Via delle Oobe and the Via 3. Tittore lead heneo to tbe 
f .K, to the Ptaiia S. Ambhoqio, with the church of — 

•S,AmbKigio(PI.7; B,C,6), founded by St. Ambroflfl in the ilTi 
cent, on the ruins of a temple of Bacchus, and dating in its present 
DmnMIMqtie form, with its penuliar gallpries, from the 12th oentury. 
In Cnnt'Klhp church is a line atrium of the 9th cent., surrounded 
by UMdes with ancient tanibstories, iiiacriptions , and hslf-ohliter- 
ated ftntoaea of the 12th century and earlier. The gaten of this chnrch 
■n said to tie these whlob St. Ambroae closed against tbe Emp. 
niftOflOBi'is after the crnel masaairo of Th^B8alfln^'r*^!^9ft^.'^^'KW.^3. 
H V^tmit of the saint on the left sifle ol ftve -jiVtuXTjiV ewV-tM.'*- t 
Tie Lombani klng$ and Garmaii empotota toTroei\l w.'W**- '^k^^jJ 
iUuiuKu. ZUif L Uh sax. ^ ^J 

130 Rinitr in. MILAN, 

ielvea to hii etownrd Uetc with tht iron crown, wbUh itiM 
Itiue of Frederick BtibsroBSs hw beenpro>ei>eil it Hoiim (p. iSS), 
ImuoB. On the riebt mA l«n of tbi fide eDlnoie oa tile rlgbh 

Blh 6 hi 

LDsl on the riKht: 'Letend or St, Geor^., 
la lb» ealnaee Id the aiciiitr la llic 

Uiw (he BMirioB ol Ibe CiMf, the 
IS CniM, and Cbipel or ■"-- -'-^■ 

>e 31. HircnUlnii, I 

and Ihc DiHccnt fTDm tbc Cnu, 3nd Cbioel on the r!«bl 

antui)', etb Ohipcl: HiJoniu wilh St. Jolm and 

Jaroiu, by £ii<h. Below tbe pulpit li ui e«rly Cbrtflln narcopluwa 
or tho 6th cent,, Mid to be Ibst of Blilichii. T]ie cunopr o'w Ihe^Sti 
altiir, which U adorned with ruliern of the 8!h ct'ii'., rccen'))- itUdnd, <r boriH 
by fmir floliunm of porphyry. The high sltsr alii) retnlna its origioel dHS- 
rslion InlMl, cooatating of rellfft on ilWef snd gold pmind (in frgnl), 

of the high altar in tbe turahatone of Erup, i.swln II. (d. S7S), The Dbuii 
lOBtaim ui onoient epiacopal Ihrona. B; the hieh altar li an *£«!« 
Hamu, ui freaca, by Ahiri, under glus. In the Tribnna 'Uoaajca of tbe 
»lh<tent., earUer tban those offit, Usrk-e at Venice: Chrilt in the omtre, 
at Ibe aides tbe hlglAry of 81, Ambnue. — At Ibe Dnlrance la Ibe Canr, 
Christ amuog Ibe (cribeii, a fresco lij Bargn^oar. The modemijed eiypt 

Mipent DB a column in tbB nnve Is said Ui be the one irbich wu njHd 
b; Huien In Ihc wildernue. 

A Ultle to the S,G. In Bllualed Ihe ipacloiis ifacella PhMIicd or 
slaogWer-bouso (VI. A, B, T). 

The Vta LaiiMue (with the Pniiraro Visconti On the left) ieads 
henoB to tlia Cohbo di Pobta Tioisbsk, in whicli we proceed to the 
right in Iho direction of the gate. On the !nft wb soon pecoeivB « 
large ancient •Colokmakh [PI, 57; 0, 71 of siiteen Corint!ii»ii col- 
umns , standing detachod from other hulldlnga, the moat important 
relic of the Roroan Mediolannm, near wiiich is the entrance to - — 

■B.Lcraniol.Pl.iH], the most ancleutvhiirch in Milan. Whether 
the huDdsomu Interior once formed the principal hall of the theim», 
or of apalane nf Maxioiian (4th cant.), bi which the ahori^ mentioned 
colonnade belonRed, or a very aiicieat Christian place of worship, 
like S. Vitale at Kaieima. is uncertain. It was subsequently altered 
at least three times, the last time by Marfino Baasi In the 16th 
uentnry. It is octagonal in form, and covered with a dome. On 
the fonr priiicipai sides are Urge Bemidrnnlar apses in two stories, 
eaflh borne by four colunins alternately octagonal and ronnd, and 
the whole Etrncture is simple and dignified. At the back of the 
high altai is the Cappella 8. Ippolilo, containing the tomb of Haria 
Viaoonti. To the right of the church is the Chapel of St. Ajui- 
tinu«, oontaining mosaics of the 6th and 7th cent. (Christ ind 
the apostles), and an ancient Christian sarcophagns supposed to be 
that of the lonnder, the Gothic king Ataulph (411-16). Tbe 
entrance to the nhapol is adorned with an antique marble coping. 

By the Porta Tieinae , farther S., rises the aiielont chnrch of 
S. Xnftorgia (Pi, 14 ; C, 8) , founded in the 4th cent. , re-etoctad 
in (he Gothic style hy To*mo totniHirdo in IITB, and restored In 
t6o bad rmle of tha t7lh cent, h-j RitUni. I^ie '^lonaa Q^ 'C&b'ULmS , 

8. AUttamhe. UILAN. 18. . 

in whom the ehumb was dediwled , irerti farmsTly deposited h 
but were pieaented to the niCf of Cologtie b; Frederick BarhBTOlM 
nfcei tho eonquest of Milan in 1162, At tUa biuk of the chair is a 
iihspel ill the beat Beiiaissanca stylo by MUAetmso (sftDr 1462), 
cniiUiuing the tomb or fit. Putur the Martyr by O. Balduceio of 
Siena; the fres<»>es oil the high altai, lepreseiitlng si^enes team thu 
lifa of the Magi (1347), and from the PiBsion , and also the uionu- 

S. Kuia preuo 8. Oelio fPl. 21; D, 8), near the Fortn Lo- 
docica , pOBseBaca a handsome atrtum attributed to Bramantt, and 
, facade of whlab the upper part wuh oaustiucted by Oalmsso 
Alaii. On the right ajid lel't of the portal are Adam and Etu by 
Stoido Lorensi, 

In the iHTBBioB is a picture by Pant floi'donB, St. Jarome aiioring Ibe 
aild (2Dd ullar gn tbe rtgllt); OaudExao FirraH, Baptism of Christ {be- 

t Jdbn the BapUgt.'st. Buchos,' aod Ibe donora of >bo picture llit cba- 
il uu the left] I above il, SruivfeiTato, Unlonna, Ttie iai ibafel on Uis 
ft eontalas a dareophaguji with the relies of fit. CalJinS' 
Adjacent to this churah is 8. Celso, a BamanaaqiiB odllioe, par- 
tially remOTed lu 1826. 

The CoRso S. Chlbo [Fl. D, 7, 8] leada back from this point 
the interior of the city. To the right in the Pintaa 8. Hufemta 
is the cbarch of that name (P\. 13 ; D, 7), dating from Iba 5th 
cent. , but entirely modertitned in the 17th, with an Ionic oolon- 
iiade. Farther towirda the N. id situated — 

B. Aleuondni CPl. 6; D, 6; in the Vis Amedei, la the right) 
eti'd in 1602, the most sumptuously decorated ohnrrh in Milan, 
dostltuto of works of art. High altar adorned with precious 

We return by the Via LupetU and tho VU dl Torino lo thu 

Hi d«l Duuioo. To the right in the VrA Caklu Albbeto la 
the small chuioh of 8. Satiro (PI. 31; D, 6), founded in 82tl, and 
re-erected by Bramanie and his pupil Suardi lu the 16tb noni. ; 
the octagonal 'Sacristy contains a handsome frieze halfway up tbu 
wall , with a gallery above it, and nlnhcs by Bramante below. 

To the S. in the Piaxza del Duomo, opposite the cathedral, are 
the Falazxo Reale and the ArchiepUcopal Palace, both already men- 
IJoned (p. 121). Adjacent ia the Pijuw. FosTiNA {PI. E , 61, 
with a fountain in red granite. Beyond It , In front of the Paliato 
di Ghutaia (PI. 67; E, 6) is the statue of Beccaria (d. 1794 i comp. 
p. 122) by Qrandi, erected in 1871. 

The Via Brojo leads hence to the S. to the Piiisza 8. Sltfano, 
with the simple Renaissance cbnrch of thai name (PI. 34; E, F, 6 ). 
The Via dell' Ospedale leads S.W. to the Corea dl Porta Romaiia. 

The ■Oapedols XogKlore |T1. 46 ; E, 7), a vast and remarkably 

e Gothic brick etruuture, begun In IfcT Vl Ai*otu.q ^^osfVi. 

otFloreues, ia one of tlie largest ho95\ta\* \ii f ' ' 

132 Koule IS. MILAN. Oiardini Pul 

tains no fewer than nine luiiirtn. The eitociaive principal a 
surioanded by mados, is by Riehmi (17th cent.); the noiirt to me 
right of It Ib aenrlhed to 0rnm<inte. The edlflce 1« entirely noTBTed 
BitemBlly with tettawttB, In a style frequently observed In other 
HUatiBse buildings, but its facade, with its rich wlndow-inoD Mings, 
is superior to any other Btruntnre of the kind nt Milan. In the ohapel 
are two paliitln^B by Franfoo) da Viet, containing portraits of 
Frani^esco and Blaiica Maria Storza, the founders of the bOBpital. 

Farther on, to the S. (entrance In the Corao Porta Roman*'), Is 
the church of 8. Kasara (PI. 29; E, T). with pictures by Btrn. 
Lanini ('Martyrdom of St. Catharine), and a handsome carvedaltw. 

On the N.E. side of the catbeiiral bo^riE the broad and bustling 
'Ceno Yittorio Emannale (PI. U, F, 6, 5), which, with its pro- 
longation the Corao Porta Veneiia, leads to the Qiardini Pubblici 
■nd the station. This Is the principal business street in Milan, 
eontalning the best ehnps. On tlie left aide is the churuh of — 

B. CulDBDrTDnu4i(Pl. 13; E, 6~), a rotunda iji the style of the 
Pantheon at Rome, 156 ft. in height, couEccrated In 1817. It nnn' 
tains (wo ^ups In marblo by Pompeo Marcheai, and oiDdBm stained 
glaaa by Joie Bertini (the finest oti the right of the entrance: 8. 
Carlo Borrameo 'Isiting persona sick of the plague). 

The adjacent OalUrla de Crltlnforu, now acnupled with shops, 
was erected by Plziala in 1830-32. 

To the right, farther on, at the oonier of the Via Montorlo , is 
the small ehnrch of 5. Bohila (Pi. tO ; F, 5), which is supposed to 
occupy the site of an ancient teiuple of Che sun. In the Via Honfbrte 
Is situated the Palatto di Prtfettura (PI. 53 ; F, G, 5), with a modern 
facade, — To the S. of this pnint. In the Tla del Conseriatorio, la 
the church of B. Karix fleUa Pauione (PI. 24 ; G, 6), of the 15tli 
(lent., with a spacious dome by Crist. Soinri, sumaraed II Oobbo 
(1530), and paintings by B. Ltiini, Oaud. Ferrari, ete. Tba 
Congervatolre of Uasic occupies the old monastery buildings. 

The Corso Yittorio Ematiuele is prolonged to the Porta Venecia 
by Che CoEso di Pokta Venezu. (PI, F, G, 5, 4). On the left, on 
' .s side of the canal, is the ArchiepUr.op'ii Seminars (?'■ 61) wtth 
One court by Gius. Meda (16th cent.), with double eolonnadei, 
I lower Doric, the upper Ionic. Then, more to the left. Nob. 
59-61, the Pal, Ctoni (Pi. 54;|, completed Iti 1861, with rich 
omameutatioQ in terracotta. Opposite, on the right, Is the Fal, 
Saporltl (PI, 56), another modern building, with Ionic ooluuins, 
reliefs by Marcheai. etc. 

The ■Oiardini Pnbblisi (PI, F, 4), between the Porta Teuezia 

and the Porta Muova, much cxtendL'd in 18IS1, and containing line 

avenues and several sheets of water, are the faTOnrite promenade 

af tbe MilanesB. especially on Sunday afternoons. The broad chest- 

I not areniie on tbeN. side, estendilig^eweetvl^em V«a^>jsa, Mii 

Jtfusfu Ci,nco. MILAN. 

iTe W^ ■ 

plaii(«d on ibe old ritiupsrU t li'ifiionc), is s fssbioiialile driTe 
wbkIs auasel. A bnild Biglit of dteps osceiida to the otilec p&Tt ot 
the gardens, opened In 17U5, iji the centre ot which is tbq Salnne 
{P], F, G, A), B flquare hnildliig contaiiitug tha new municipal jVm- 
i€0 ArlMlea (o^en daily 1-4, »dm. 1 fr., SandajaMo.]. 

oomrdii One medAts. ^ Books HI. nod IV. : Modeni ptintln^s: bun of 
auinnl b} Slraiia. — Buum V.: Gerinic collectli:n, old ud modBrn 

Old piinliBEa, Ulributud tn AntmtUii Oa Maiitia. Oorrrgg'io, Ouido Rmi, 
Bottmn, Lellt, sto.; modem eoulyturH. — Kuuh V1[.: Uoddi by fVin- 
pn Ifarthtii, Chudo (Hebs), and olben. 

The ffEir Giabdlmo Pdbblico between the Vis Psleatro uid 
VU Manln, contaiiia b email zaolaglcal gardun, and is adorDed with 
a statue of the Milanese poet Carlo Porta and an Itatta by Puttinati. 
— In the Plazxa Cayour, oiitatde the S.Vf. ontianoe, rlaoa a bronze 
Btatue of Cavour by Tahacfhi on a lofty ped(^atal of granite, Clio 
Is repreaanted tn front leglstBrijig hia name In her lableta , and 
at the bach Is the date 1865. ~ The Villa SmU (PI. 70 ; F, 4], a 
plain modem building in the Via Palestro, contains a few works 

In the Via Manln, WtheW., ta theHnieo OiTiiio(PI.43; F,4; 
adnilB3lotiunTneB.,Wed., and Sat., 11-3 o'clock, "^fr-i on Thura. 
gratid), oantaliiLig natural hiatory collectlong : an the let floor 
paliEontolugy and ethnography (also a phrenolagiital eoUeottonJ; on 
the 2nd door zoology, uompriaing one of the Hnest collections of 
repdleii in Europe, fonnded by Jan (d. I866J. At the entrance are 
busts Of Jun and Crlilofarlt, forinor direelora. 

At >he N.W. Bngle of the city lies the spaoioua Piaiia d'Aimi 
(PI. B, C, 4J, or drilling-groond, 783 yds. long and 74a yda. wide, 
with IheOMtsUo, onc« the seal of the Viscouti snd tha liforza, 
and now a barrack. The coiner'tawera and .part of the walla 
coiinenliiig them on the S.W. side are the aole remains of the 
original building. The adjoining Atbub (PI. 2; C, 3, 4), a kind of 
circus for raoea, etc. , constructed under Napoleon I., can accom- 
modate 30,000 apHOtatora (fee '/j fr.> 

Opposite the castle , oil the N.W. side of the Piazza is the 
*ATBod«t8smplane, or Area delta Price (PI. 1^ It>3, 4), a triumphal 
arch in the Homan style constructed entirely of white marble from 
designa by L. Caynota, begun In 1S04 by Napoleon as a term i- 
natiou to the Simplon route (p. 2a), and completed by the Emp. 
Francis In 1833, when the dedication snd decoratlona were altered. 

For Ibe Lalin InKrlpHnnB formerly plated on the jid 

On the town lide: 'Alia apamniw del reeao ita\\GD KasD 
1 HlUnui flediaimBU I'annu IHOT o fiaoeaM flt, W«W 
Mimlronu /'moo I86ir. On Ihs outer side: 'EntaaoAo ■ — 
Jlapulsanc tU. « VUioiii Ennnnelo II. llhoiktoii, »flB.wi v 

rere altered. 

IIHD. •have ii lUe bsttie 01 Knim, 
On IliK ri«l>t Urn fuuBdiiUoa of l.hH Lui 

Delow il me lortetnltr ol urOMB. 
obkrd ud VBneliui klDBdom, abtite 

It UiB (iiuiige of the Rbine, belov it 

the t»klne of Lyon, -ll by A»gf« 

XardMM. Below ttae greil. ecoli the 

to Iwg relief.. On the W. eide Ibc h 

iLtOe «f A«iii-™r-Aobe, B. tb> »Je- 

tury af LroD', br Manhui. Siii. Ihi 

rdi <A> CBtmirt: liver-eodi uf Oe 

irndcr Ibe eurnice oa Ibe ten Ibe 

CoBgTBX otVienn., InsLllulion uf lUe 

order of tbe Iron Cruwn, T«liin« of 

Pirtni rlutit. Feikce cif FuHk. Entry ul 1 


To the N.W. ot the city He* the new 'Cemetwy (CimKro 
Monumenlafe; Pi. C, 1, 2), designed by C. Maceiiichinl , 500 wJBS 
ill aiea, enclosed by colonn&des, and one of tlis finest 'campi sailtl' 
in ludy. The nniaeroim and liitiidEaine iDDniimeuts, uuong irhi«h 
those of tbe Soncogna, TurriCI, Bramvilla, and Ctcoyna families 
deieive spitcisl meiitloti , fotm an adniiralde museuni uf modem 
Milsneao Biinlpture. In the last acf.tiou ia ailnatod the 'Ttmpio dl 
Cnmatlone', for tbe burning of dead bodies, presented tn the town 
in 1»76. Fine view of the Alps. 

<, 3 fr. Sa, 

^ Iilea 

- - --.-.- -.Kt 

Kilkn for Como, TrBioEsslns, lladanubbia, DellaEin, MenaEcfn, and Colleo. 
_ FsuH UiLAH TO Leoco, 32 H., raUnay in i'i,-2 hn. (forea Bfr. IJB, 
ifr. 10, 2fr. 9fiG.1._fVoia jman/o ifoaiu a tramway-car also rniu in 1 tir., 
atanlDi loarlj from the elinrob of S. Bablla (PI, 10; F, Q), on the Oono 
Vsnetla (chief halllnB-pUce. outside the Porta Veneita, PI. a. i). Fan In- 
side 1 fr., nsyide W c. 

The tines to Como and Lecco follow the same diieotion aa far as 
MoiiMj traversing a fortlle plain, luiiirlaHtly cloihed with vineyards, 
mnlbeiry-pUntations, and Selda of maize, and intersected liy 
intra meraiile canals and cuttings tor purposes of irrigatiaii. 
A'/'lU. 8eato-S. Oiovaimi, 

8 M. Monia (Falcone; Alb. del CtmteOo, near the station] ia a 
iowii Willi 20,000 inhabitants. Leaving the station and followlug 
the Via Italia to the right, we teach the •GiianiiBAi,, the chief 
objDct of Interest. It was erected in the 14th cent, in the Lombard 
Qothlc style by Marco di Campiant on the sice of a churuh fooild- 
by the Lombard q^oeeii Theodoliiida, and contains dou- 
ble aisles and transept, flanked with chapels on both sides. 

iHrxKoii. Ib Ihe left Iranuipt Is the plain sareopbaKOS uf Ijneen Tbao- 

"'-■ '- tiieE. (ranaept reliefa of the laih ceW.,iiu^v>«*>^""'V»«BltlW 
If Emp. Olho 111., or that of Hoorj \U. — \o t. tu-atV ^orvim 
«■ a ricbiy decorated cross ovev Van, 1.WB.1, to «« liV^A Mj^ 

Thd BraUtlo, or Wwn-hall, of the 13tli cont., with round 
arcled wiiidows and tower, is belie^'eil to ba part of a palace of 
the Eiup. Frodcrink 1. and the Lombard kings. The royal Summer 
Palace near Munza is a large building with nn eitonalTe and 
beaiitifal park , traversed by the Lambro. The church of the 
Madonna di Tirana contaiiia fresdoes by Lainl, Oandenzio Ferrari, 
ind CeasTe da Sesto. 

The lines to Oomo and Lkooo divide at Maiizi. Tho latter line 
Eklrts the S.E. slopes of the beaatiful range of hills of the Brianai 
(p. 137), Wndded with numeroua villaa of the wealthy Milallesa. — 
12'/i M. Areoni IS'/a M. Btmate. From (19 M.) Cernuteo-Mtrate 

leasant ex.caTeton may be taken to the lofty Monlevecchia, attnated 

ards the N.W. (I'/j hr, ; the church of Montevenehia eominandfl 

Ricollent view of the Lombard plain, Milan, Cremona, Novara, 
part of the Brianza, etc.; good wine, but a poor Inn ; pleasant 

irn route byMiasaglia, with a guide, U|^ilI.■, theiioe by oirrisge 
to Merate ; fine yiewsj. The vlllago of Merale (AJbergo da! SoloJ, 
siCoaled 1 H. from the statton, was formerly fortified ; pretty villaa. 
— li M. Olgiale-Malgora ; then a tunnel, beyond which a pleaatng 
view of the valley of the Adda is obtained to the right. The train 
descendi, erowea (be stream by an iron bridge. Joins the Lecra and 
Bergamo line at (27Ya M.) sUtion CahUio, and rearhea (32 M.") 
Lecec in 10 min., aee p. 145. 

The railway from Mok^a to Como runs to tlie N.W., affording 
pleasant viewa , to the right, Of tho fertile Srlsnza (p. 137), 
with its nnmerans ooimtry-ie eld once b. The train passes through 
iuveral tunneie. l^l/i M. De«i<i,- 14 '/j M, Seregno, a. I*wn with 
7300 inhab., the sMrting point tor a visit to tho Briania [p. 137). 

Farther on, the long, indented Afonle fiesepone riaoa on the 

right. — 18 M. Comnoso, 24Vi M. Cveciago. Above (28M.) Camer- 

lata rises the lofty old tower of the Caitello BaradtUo, which waK 

occasionally occupied by Frederick BarhMOSM. — ?ft ■%. Cimui-, 

^ omnibus from the ntation to the qnaj SO o., , iT\i5vMi«.i N^ 'tetw-vfr'' 

mtJckets. (ContiuuAtion of the railwiV Wl-vigtno, *ea^- \.'t^-^ 


136 Rail 

•iTAu*, B. (roni 2, 

with nf«i «d nuN 

VolU, gUDd Italian cnJMln 

Ike qasy g ■ rroIlDria A nurnni (^n/alo 
ingalnietit FroiH tlie birbnoT ~ ' 

= by 

CDmD(705fl.), the capiU! of n prOTince, with 34,31M) iilhab., 
did Gomidetkble ellk rartorlei) , the blnhplaoe of the elder and 
younger Pliii; and ul the eleutridaii and philosopher Volta (d. 1826; 
whole Slatiit hy P. Matched i« on the W. side of the town noiir 
the qnay), lies lit Che S. end of the S.W. arm of the Lake of Como, 
and la enalDsed by an atnpbilheatTB of niountitnn. 

The "Cathedral, begun lu the Lombard GothiR style tii 1396, 
and altered In the Renaissance style by Tommaio Bodarl (aboit, 
traniept, outside of nave} In 1513-21, is built enttroly of marble, 
and ia one of the heat In N, Italy. The dome is modern. The 
greater part of thB beautiful plaatlii umamentntion in by Kodui 
and other conteuiporiry Lombard artists. Over the beautiful N. 
portal are reliefa |^a<lorBtlon of the Maj^J and statuettes (^Hary 
with S. Abbondio, St. Protua. eto.^. At the sidea of the prlnnipal 
entranoe are alatuea of the elder and the youiiEer Pliny, erected In 

IirTuiuR. The gsudr vaulline , reslored In iSS& al a east of 
aOt),<K10 fr. , destroyi Ibe ell'ect of tbe See propunlune, which ruamble 
thcMS oC tlie Certoaa near Pavla {}•. 162). The ninduws n( Iba partal 

theWbt of the sninucs la" the monumr-o't dV OudJDil TsUtam B<aMe, ». 
heneraehir ol the lown. eraclsd Id 1861, Farlher on, lo lb« right, Im 

U9B, wUb a Que itituu of St. Sebulian. In tbe Cuoia tlie Apoallei, by 
Awipu Jlareluii. The 8:kOBiaTT conlalna ptcturoi by auido Btal, Paelt 
rmHtH, e<c. In tba Left ArsLK, the altar of tlie Maler Uoloroia wllh an 
Sntambment by Toamaio Scdari tliSS). At the Altars dl B. Oluuppe: 
0. Ftrrari, Kupliala of the Virgin, In iLylc reaembllnE Raphael ; S. LuM, 
I'aUvityi St. Joseph, e atalue by ;■. karOttii, auS a bajmllef below, 
the lut work of lliia muter ; at the eolrance the tiuiti of Popa InBii- 
oent XI. (OdBiBdchl) and Carlo Eaielli, hieliop nt Cumo. 

Adjoining the church U the Tiiwn Hall (BraltUo), ooustmcted 
of alternate courses of dlffereiit-colourod stones, and completed In 
1215. Behind the cathedral Is the TAiDire, erected in 1813. The 
ehurilh of S. Fedele, at the 10th cent., Is in a remote part of the 
town. The Porta del Torre, a masaite flve-storied structure, (s 
also worthy of note. 

On the promenade outside the tovrn is the church Del Cro- 
ee/UsO, richly deuorated with marble and gold, of the 17th Cent.; 
V4hr. farther, to the left, on the alupo of the mountain, U the line 
old Baiiliea 8. Abhimdio of the 11th century. — The fiiitetlo lia- 
radelio (p. 14i>J, reaohed by a InlciaWe (aoi.\nifliii\ '(.ihc, is an 
excellent point ol view. 

Blld TillML I 

The Brisnia. 
Briania Is (be nuDe uf llie uniiiiliiliiig, graMi 
eitremely fertU,: Iticl, 13 H. in lonBlh, 11 M. 

Edlar pealiuiila whieb divides Ibti Como and t 
very fertile, snd llie wliflla diilrict Hluddei] wilh 

Two mkln ronds l»vers 

B«regno tn BollBBio, froai . , 

From SsiuaBii [p.' 13Q) to Bblugio, 'about Sa H, It is advlublo to 
take a carriage a< &r as CaniD (IS H.; an nmnibus rimi fcnin Seregno In 
Canio eyery Bvaniag; ona-hona carriaijc B-7 tf.), to pass the nishl Hiare, 

fiJla XHfloaa, to the prellj' rillagu of lBTBrl|oi'uD an emineacu rises (be 
'Jtalmda. one of tlie prolllsBt villas In the Bilania, wltb a park and ad- 

Oritrlli ii fMduua for its cjpreaSM. Farther on, Ibe vSllafsV of TtbifuIo 
with a new chnreli, Taliiago. wilh the rains of a cMtle, and Jfon(iiKio, 
Willi the Villa Hondoiru, once a fortilled ctgtle. 

Where this road croaiiu that fram Lecco to ComD at/flr^Ns. dqut Erin 
(p. 13S), lie two of the lake! menlloied ahois, W. ihe Lago iTAUtrii; 

euiaide!»blB tilk-faeUiries (^Uufct/iJ, lines piotoiesqiiely on the slope o? 

, B.«u.a..ureu .. i,.™u .. a,m««. uous ll''irjr«' 
iiislwrliig logelher 3300 Inhabllanla. At tbe entranrje oi 
^ mnattetoT! (Qua Vma}. 

gradualli' aneeiids for a conaiderable dislanee in the 
picluceH]ue Yalley of Ibo loBibfo, the ViI4.' Asais* , the Blupefl of wkltli 
are wall wuDdafli it pansei thnraeh several Yillagea, [3 SL) LamWa, 

"• K.J Barni, an-- — •■- — ' " ■ "-' 

<w of bolk a 

|li/< K.) (Uootl. 

Deligblftal -S 

are wan wuuaan ; ii paner Lnronga severe vmagea , li n^j ^ajntipir. 

_. .huroh of (Ji/i M.) OtTOjia, with iU gracefui 

la'wilh tha Villa Carl'otu" and Oailenabhia, the E. am! 
]>romon>ury of BellBKiii tu Domasn <p. lU), anJ the rising 

jj;,_ _?_"._,_^r."=..!. „_'.._ ,-.„', 

plElures are tu be seen at Boliu^o. From Cl^e,oi>& ^u '-V. -ocfufu 
■1 Biltuali' oa the lake [j>, Ul| 2 hrs. walk. 

A limgtr mute, which will reward tlie peieaVviBn, 'i 
V. FTlBia 16W6 fl.). Aaceat Crooi Canzo wltb tL ^&b \a 



Iltgiu 3 lici 


Fhuii Coho 

106 helow). The Hrad qutu Comn by I.I. . 

hlUi In Ilie S. Tba ^ew 'if tbe lake 1» eonculed by lh« bcsntilSiIlr 
WDOded JTsnit A. Uaurtito. Tba chnreb of QavHaeii, a tLUnga (o Uie 
K. ot Ihe ratd, Cimlrins llie lomb of VolU |p. 138), Firtlior On, h> Ibe 
S. of l.iia rusd, ii Ibc sharp ridge of Jftnl-- '■ ■ ■ " 

III Ltcto <eiii 


ig c^mpBplle, Beyi 

Is dliolMi 

IT (W/, M.) Brbi {101'; 
'MWI a-ErbB-, nro BEYPi 

lU lofry Ijjmbard tJiiHpMilo, 
minit.liiDud fay Fllny logetlier 

o, otaich ii iiore conducted fa* u 
n, Ihe n»d n^m Seregoo In BelCuIu 
divsTBcB lo tbe rlgbt. /'manD on lija S. bink of tha Cuvd di Pmiaw Is 
seat luubed, snd Iban Huiono itislf. T» tlie K. a lictnlital glloiiHii of 
tba Vtir Aiima (lea baluw) and tbe Curni dl Cmizo, Bnd, tu tba S., of 
IbB BrisniB. 'Sai OitaU is Ihe double Laeo d'AHHoni (E. rbiei tba Bew- 

^I^Aka orLecoD, Tbe" Jailer Is celched'at MalgraU. on Ibe W.'honk, 

20. Lake of Como. 

,nd Halxl: by itaambrnt In '/, far., or 
hence b} mnnibus in 2 hn. >d Forlai 
ihicb atwts fnr L«gana (p. lai), orrivini 

BellaSfOj and ap«nd Ibe nSBbt 

ta Cnlleo In 3'^ bis. (Ikie 

n CoHco in MVi 

CjJer); ftulmaiMu (pter);«. iKMaiiiJ, asBo?*! (pier), B6lcl MaloWa (pleir), 
iltn^n*' (pl"), KoranBo, OdtaBo, iiHano, flntomoo, Dei-nto, tVmiB, iSmta, 
MhmhIj OnatSona^ Dtmuto^ OUttt; tfcketi (gratis] for the ferry-bOAttf *t^ 

tinbnal \s the cheapest conveyance, especially for gil^le 

Tspr^pio, JTmh, Jrpi^B (pier) 

Cpier), aulrwa*-' ■ " 

Mtnairaia ' 
tMbed to 

aod (W/co miisl procu 


U^ "I x-^ 


niUr^ >Bd tor Ihetorte 

The mklla an' curried by bitnd»om<i Sation auameri, willi eodA r>:al<iiiTiKlii'. 
BoiriBS-bnit* (barm). Finl bimr li/t Fr. tor each ruwer, 3 fr. for 
Iwo, and *!/. £r. for three, ewb sddilionil bonr 1 fr. eiicli ruwer. From 
BcllnBi" Id C»d8B»bbiii ftnd bMk (or yiee-Tersil) 3, wilh 3 rowurs tfr.; 
Bdlseio-XcniKgiu wd bicH Itr. i BHilsgiD-Vireima and back 4 fr. j Bal- 
Ineio-VilU Carlo U» and I.Mk ai^fr.; Belloslo, VlUBMelni, VUla Girloila, 

lime; a aecond ma; be' dlraniHed wltb tlio wordi 'baita iino I ~ 'When 

In addition to [he fare, il Ifl'nBual to glva ■ 'AHmaniano' ot i/itr. or 1 tr.' 

Thu T-BkB of Oomo [699 ft.), ItaHaii Lujo di Cemo or li ioflo, 
llie LtiOis Larlus of the HomsTis, is eitoUed by Virgil (Gaorg. II, 
]D9~), and is In tho estimatlDn of many the most beaiillfDl Utie In 
N. Italy. Length from Coroo to tha M. extremity 30 M., from the 
Punia lii Bellaglo fp. 143) to Leora 123/^ M.i greatest width te- 
tweenMenagRfo indVarenna newly 2l/iM. ; greatest daplh 1929 ft. 

Mumeroui nay villas o( the Milaneaa arialocracy, anrtonndcd by luirari- 

Blronily wllli Iha gruylsh Ilnls 

height ot TOOO (I. The Kenory o 

the lake, as' seen tioio <hc duck of the 

BMne, the bankn on both sides 

tieing perfsctly diilingaishable by the 
the lake dlxides Into Iwo braachea 

IraveJlcr. At Bellagio (p. 141) 

Comb (W.) and Zeeco (E.). Tbs AMa 

enlom at the upper eitrcmlty an 

makes ile egress near Lcoco. The W 

■rm hu no ontlet. - The Industr 

are moEb ocenpied in the jirodii 

clion and manuhclnre of silk. Many 

yonjB arli^n, (■nwoB, and earne 

The proepeot from the quay at Como la llmiteil , but as soon as 
the Bteamer has passed the first protHontOry on the E. the beauty 
of the lake is disclosed to view. 


W. Bank, 

Boryo VIco, the N.W. snbrrb 
of I'onio, with the Villas Sa- 
poriti, Salatar, and Mandolfo. 
At the N. uDd of the Borgo rises 
the large Villa Saimondi. 

Villa Tixvemola, beyond (he 
mniitb of the Bregsia. Villa 
Cima, ill a bemilitu} park. 

If Oomo. 

E. Bakk, 

ISoryo S. Agoflino, the N.E. 

suburb of Como. On the hill 

above !b the village of Brtinato, 

commanding s ftne view. 

Beyond tha promontory {with 
the Villa Comaggia) ve obUvai. 

rfmoiiio (Alb. del Centro, \Bico»di, ani T.iqVViiA , V>-«». • 

140 Route SO. Tl) 

W. Saks. 

pena. S'/s-'Va^'O '= » consid- 
HTsble village , wiili tliu vUUe 
Bttaaaffhi, Baroggl, e\e. 

The Villa iTEste was opened in 
1876 >9 a •Hotel on b Urge 
BMle, oonnORted with which ie 
tbe farmeT HAtet de la R^iiiu 
d'Augletecre (pension 9-10 fr.), 
A pleasant park extends up Che 
hill. — High above lies tbe 
church Of Rovtnnti. — VUlii 

Villa Pasealacquil , witb its 
nnmeTOua windows, resembles 

NearAfofinMi^is a ptctnresqi 

[Trio ; then Caratt {k]b. LaiioJ, 
with the ManleSi<btTv^(4390rt.;) 
in tliB backgfonnd. — ViUu Ca- 
lobiano, agreen andred building. 
The lofty pyramid waa erected to 
the memory oF Dr. F^anli, a pro- 
fessor c.f Pavitt [d. 1851) , with 
iDoney laft by iiiii for the pur- 
pose, — Luglio , with Villa An- 
longina, formerly Gaggi. 

ViUa Oatbiali, RaUy painWd; 
then Torrigia. 

Next. Brtmno, emhosouied in 

Argcgao, at the mouth of the 
Intelvi VatUy. 

Sola, with the Email island of 

S. Giovanni, or Comacina , (re- 

qnentiy iiieiitloned in the ajinaU 

fifmeiiiafvsl warfare, now ocoa- 

E. BArf>^ 

SwIbb eoltagR, formerly the pro^ 
erty of the famous danaeilse, 
now belonging to bar son-in-law 
Princi- TruhBljLkoi. Villa Pastil 
was the reaiileiioe of (he cele- 
brated ailiger fd. 18B6}. 

"ill'i IWfrnri, formerly TiMWi. 


Villa Plinlarui at the end ftf 
the bay, at the entrance of a 
narrow gorge , a gloomy aqaare 
editloe, erentod In 1 !i70 by Count 
Aiiguissols, one of tha four con- 
spiralore who aasaaainated Doke 

it Piao 


property of the princess Belgjo- 
,10B0. It derives its name of 
PlinUina from a nelghbourlne. 
apiijig vrMch dally changes its 
level, a peflullaritj mentioned 
by Pliny. Eitrai^ts from hfs 
works (_Epiat. iv, 30; Biat. NM. 
ii. 306] are inscribed on the 
walls of the court. 

Qiiaraano and Careno. 

NeesB, at the foot of the Piano 
del Timno [3742 ft.), Neno 8o- 
pra, and Netio Sottoi near the 
latter in a rocky gotgo Is a water- 
fall of considerable height, frft- 
qaently dry in summei. 

Near Lesteno is one of the 
deepest parts of the lake. 

Villa Eeiamn, 

S. Uiuvtmni, with the Vala 

Vltia PoLdi, Va.i\«*«i*\»n!SPl 

pled by « »m«l! ohuroh. Mrmte 
I^gnane, and Mimie Legnoneim 
(p. 144) arc dlstiocEly visibli 
towardi the K.E. 

Catnpo liaa In » bay formeii by 
the promontory of Lavedo, wbloh 
here projects fir into the lako. 
On its aitremlty gllttera the ViJiu 
Balbltmello, with its colotmide, 
the property of Count Arcomati. 

TTO»«!co(*Alhergo Bizioul)ia 
sitDHted in the beautiful districl 
nailed the Tnmeicinn. 

Vilta Carlotta, see below. 

Oadeualibia [■SeUcvuE, with 
rpBtanrant; 'BMc-JU; 'nrltin- 
nin , peat, fiom 7 ti, ; Fenaion 
^ Sesiatiranl Cadenabbia , 6-7 fr. 
a day ,- Caff LaveKsart), halfway 
between Como and Colleo. In the 
virinityCS.W.I, in a garden slnp- 
iag down to the lake, stands the 
nelebrated TiDa Carlotta, or 
SommoTiva , from the Count of 
that name to whom it formerly 
belonged. In 1843 U came into 
the posseHion of PrinceH Albert 
of PruBsia, from whose daughter 
CharlolU (i. 1855) it derives its 
present appellation. The widower 
of the latter, Duke George of 
Raic-Meiningen, is tbs piesant 
proprietor. Visitors ring at the 
entranne to the garden and 
ascend the broad flight ot steps, 
where they are received by the 
tiltandant {i It. , but more toe 
a party). 

iMTUioii. The MuiiLE Hill con- 

bralcd "OfhelB bi nenaldm, re- 
prflHDlloE the Triumph of Aleian- 
dcr (for whfcb a Bum of nurjy 

Jfara hbJ Vcbiu, by Acfieiilii Oupld 

Baiajia (708 ft.), a small town 
nitU 3000 inliab. , attba W. base 
at the promontory whlub sep- 
arates the two arms of the lake, 
is perhaps the most delightful 
point umoiiji; the lakes of Upper 
lUly. About Vi M. to the S. 
at the TlUage is the *TiIU](eUi, 
erected by AOieriolli in IS10.15, 
for Count JIfstil tTErile, who was 
»loo-prefiident of the luliau Be- 
publlo in 180'i, >L\\'\ ■»»» -oiiii^ 
Duke nf Loii. \i^ Tia.v*'^^ 


142 Boufe -.'U, Hia.LAOIU. Uikc 1 

W. Bank. 

t:. u^Nii. 

si^°* e"" Thf ^B°;t.'Aj^*' i^^ 

graiidEou the Dual di MeUi(opeu 

onThuradaya andSondiys, osrds 

In mirhle un' Ibo ohimooy - piooo 

iHTERiun. Id \bk vastlbulB cii- 

oBBion, »ld to bo an e«lr work 

pies of ancient bmU in marblo by 

Bujjux severKl mudern plciunj iHa- 

p^wJ'brT^"; .iHhi.''™" * ^OTB 

,«, aomeo And JnliEI; £or<lo», 

of Ibe daea, by Pmbiai David, 

AlhKlie], Mid a mu-ble rslief of Si. 

dVini*, 8le. Tbo walb! of l^e fullow- 

polBoo wben consiil, by faiiarini. 

Tbe 'OiKDin, w^kh ttreUhen to 

tng rooma are embeUiahed with 

me 8. to Tnin«io, lud to the H. 
tawHde Ibe H6lel lU Ballxvue, coa- 

nnproprlale tVascoci. tn the Snd 

Ri^m a bnsi at Micbael AngalA 

tUna Ibfl mu8llmnriaiHvogoHLlloni 

bj Con™. 8rd K.; Baal of Mi- 

an tbe S. tide i<l the VilU \a a 

cbaal AugBln by Uinisalf (T)i Ka- 

danna by Bern. Lvtni- 4tb K.: Co- 

lowtrda Bollaglo (altepdanl i/. fr.). 

Behind the 'MU»n' hotel riaeB 

roy ^iraljr; -^Hri™, Saptllaon,!. 

Ji 8aMa S. Mariino, a rock on 
whieb Btanda the Xadovma di 8. 

ai preiident of tHe Italian Bepablis. 
fllh &.-- Celling freaeoM by Bmi. 

Martino, ■ smitll uhuruh , com- 

by Xarckeiii cbimner-pieeB by Thtr- 

mandlngabeaatltalview-, ascent 

vati>m Willi medalJlon-Mrtfalt. ot 

ll/s hr. , path daatroyed by tor- 

IU).!in)Vo™i..-..B«cli'ante'.' ^"^ 

rents Bt places. 

Tbe IfonU Oitaiga ur CnKitmc, ■ 

eibibiU au tbe lUMrianoe and !Va- 

BumiDands a striking rlew of Ibis 

HoDle BOHa ebiin, tlie BorncieAlpa 

Cbineae pinu, eigantic alpw, Blc). 

and Hnnt BJanc. Ibe li>ke<i and the 

plain of Lombntdj (a fatiguing aa- 



prosonl duke, by Sesti. In another 

stafl at 3 or 3 a.m.). 

trioa, by ComolM; colosral biutu of 

Madame LKIilia, molher of Napo- 

by CoMva. 

Higher up stands the "ViUB 

SeTbelloDi l^^uow HSttl and Peor- 

>ion) , th« park of which com- 

mands BD exquiaito Vibw, es- 

pecially of the Lake of Lecco, 

probably tha finest on the l»ka 

gllmpBoB of Varonna, Villa B«l- 

bianollu, Garlatta, etc. Beautiful 

BOWDCB and plants til the garden 

of the hotel, and a grove of 

palm trees. — The belvedere of 

the VilUi BtlmonU, the prop- 

erty of an Englishmaa, com- 

mauda another flnu view fid- 

^^^^^^^f IrnVBiion^K^t:^. — ».\\'tf&^ ta 1 

^^» J 


. Bani. E. Bank. 

the S., ill the direction oF the 
Lake of Louuo, is Ilie ViUa Ola- 
iia, Ihe property of Cftimt Blonie 
(viaitora udniitted). — Excursion 
to the MonU S. Prima, an asceut 
otiiui., aoep. 137, 
the Funta di ReUnyio, the tno anas of the lake, the 
and the Liigo di Lcnco (p. 145), unite. 

Uena^o ("Grimd USUI Vlt- 
tori'i , beautifully eitasteil , R. 
3 fr., pleaasnt Italian holol, with 
B special steamboat station; Co- 
rona} posseaaes an cxtenalve allk 
manufactory, to which TisltOiB 
are admitted. On the Uke, S. 
of the Tillage, is the handsome 
ViUa Myltus, A road leada hence 
1(1 Parlexxa an the Lake of Luga- 
no r9M.; omnibus daily, 11 a.m., 
.„ ,. 161). 

Ou an umineoee (^Ya hr.j, 
near the church of ILoMno (•Inn), 
stands the Tilla Tipinl, ftirmi-r- 
ly Myliai, eouimallding a mag- 
nlflcent 'Vibw of Bellagio, Mc- 
naggia, and oF the thiea arms of 
the lake. 

The steamer next passes a 
wild, yellowish-brown cliff, 11 
Sai.iii BuTKio (I'the oraiige-tock'}, 
nhieh Is traveraod by a danger- 
footpath. This route was un- 
dertakeri in 179H by the Itus- 
aiana under Opneral Bellegarde, 
which oveaaiou many lives 

■16 lost. 

S.Abbondioiaibe next village 
Reaonko with ViUa LiWi. am 
the pictuTeifjue Tufna of a for- 
Ireas of the 13th ountury. 

Taiensa I'Albergo Kcnle ,- BB- 

la channliigly slt- 

promontory, Bur- 
ided by gardens (Isimbaidi, 
Leila, Tenini), at the month of 
the Viil cFEiino, commanded by 
the lofty rnins of the Torn di 
Valo, with a smaU vlllDge and a 
beautiful Tiew. la the vieintty, 
oapccially luwaria the N,, aomo 
remarkable galleriaa hiYE been 
hewn in (he rock for the passage 
of the Stelvio road. Most of the 
Diirblo quarried in the neigh- 
bourhood is out and poliehed in 

About ^/i M. to the S. of Va- 
ronna the Fitime Latte ('milk 
brook', from its colour) is preci- 
pitated in aavoral leaps from a 
height of 1000 ft., forming an 
imposing cascade in spring, but 
generally dried up at olhot Bea- 

UiUana la the station for the 
hydropathic pstablUhmsnt of 
Regoledo, situated 500 ft. above 
the lake. 

Belluto (Bmna) lies at the 
base of MonJt Origna (7254 ft.), 
at Ihn mouth of the VoJ, SmiVna.. 

pMh to Tactno ^'Cttew'ifc ^oiJi ' 

Crania idth thit h*iidsoDi<> 
cliuroh of S. Mkhelt (allsr-piccH 
•St. MIohael, by Paolo Vero- 
nese); then Pinnello. 

On lOoks rising prnolpitnusly 
aiiave Muito are situsttd the 
Tllliis of three eistles, Roeca lit 
Idusfo, the reaMence of Gluv. 
Glsc. de' Hedlcl In 1525-31, 
'the rastallnnoCMuaBO', who from 
thla oastle ruled over the entire 
L»keofComo. Then aonpn, with 
a monasteiy. Above it, on the 
height to the right, Ilea Oanervj, 
whcnoe a souiewhsl neglected 
path oroBBCS the Pntto di 8, Jorio 
to (9 hra.) Bellinxona. 

Oriwedoaa (Hotel del Sai^nn) 
is picturesquely situa.tcd at tlie 
month of s gorge (1600 inhab.). 
The handHomo Fatatto del Ptro 
with fOnr towera, at the nppcf 
end, was hullt by the MilsneBo 
Csrdinal Gallio, Adjoining the 
■venenble clinich of S. Virieensa 
rtsea the Bapiiateritim, »n Inter- 
esting building of the 12th cent., 
containing two ChristlaiL Inscrlp- 
tiona of the 5th century. 

Domwto, cha-rmingly situated, 
poMeasea several bandsanie vil- 
Ua, pirtlculacly the Villa Calde- 
Tttra and Villa Vtlasgixa. 

CRTAvimt Bnl 

via Inlfomo). The WP- ' 
. forma a wan^rtall (197 ft;) 
■B resphinR the lake (Orrido 
Ji SeltunuiMa.'}. A monument 
to Turn. Groiii , the poet, who 
was born at Bellano In 1790 [d. 
1853), by Tandardini, was un- 
veiled here In 1876. 

Dervio, at the mouth of (be 
Varrmte, U situated at the base 
of the abrupt Manic Legnone 
18566 tt.) and IM spur MofM 
LegnotKlno (4951 ft. ). 

Cnrenno, Dorio, and Ogliatca 
are the following villages. 


ColiM {Angeloi lanla Btlta; 
both in the Italian style; Se- 
utauTimt lie In Foiie, good), 
comp. p. 36. the JHonU Legnetu, 
mentioned nbove , may be aa- 
cended hence without difBcni% i 
In 7-8 brs. ' 

e ijally li 

.E [It, 51 li 

JalJj i. 

Cnmn u nnrlbf af a lisit, allliaugb 

tniBnad ly > road coutcuoted In 1B32 sod curied klung (be rocks it 
plUGB witb Ibe ltd of embknlmienlB, (unnelg, snd gnlleriei. Three of Ibe 
latter DBsr Olcio Bie lOBOthei 1000 yds. In Unetb. It lUTurdi Hdmlrihle 
-"swi 0( lbs lake. 

The steamboat rounds the Punla di Bellagio; on the height 
■bote u sitoaled the garden of the Vilia Serbetloni, and adjoining 
it are the ViUa Oiuiia (>. 143) nnil the village of Viagnola. Then 
Limonia, and oppoaite to it peflj Litrrut und Sofnico, (eight) Vaaatna 
Onno, O^*^} Ot<'i°< >nd MondcUo on a Hat promontory. On the op- 
posite bunk (right) lies Che small town of Pati, separated from 
Mtlgrale by the promontory of 8. Cionigio. Matgrait itself lies st 
the entrance of the Viil Madrera, through which a road to Conio 
leads by Erbi (p. 13B). Thu lake gradnally contracts inU the river 
Adda, by which it is drained, and is crossed by the Pante Orandi, 
a stone bridge often arches, conatructed in !335hy AiiDneVisconti, 
and furnished with fflrtlfled lowers at Che extremities. 

HDD (Albergo df Italia; f'roet di Malta, both In the Italian 
•Due Totri; ieon d'Oro ; ConmaJ, an Industrial lawn with 
TnOOinhab., at the S. end of the K. arm of the Lake ofComo, is admir- 
ably desoribed lii Manzoni'a 'I Proinessi Spost'. Pleasant walks to 
the hill of CagttUo and the pilgrim age-church on the Moatc Baro, 
t Lflwro Ibe Adda again expandji inlo tbe La^ H Oariate^ 
1, inlu Ihfl Bma]) Logo di Olgmate. A navlAble caiuE cud- 
. Kilan. _ Railwiv from L>LC<:u to Uir.^ts, He tin. 134. 185. 
TO Beboamo. aOVlM" tHllw.-iy in IV, br. (hrc? 3 fr. 7B, 

From the Lake of Coma to the Lago Hag^ore. 
Tueae. Lngono and the Lftke of loguio. 

. Frou Como to Lavsho b 

ore. I 

Railwat fmm Ullioi lo Varm, Sf/, H., in V/t bm. (t.rM 6fr, 3(1,, 3rF.45c.). As Far h Qallaralf, ne p. IBSi the following aUtlDDB 

Cotno, see p. 136. The road asnends through the long S. suburb 
of S. Bartolommeo, sklrti the base of an euiineiioe aurmountpd by 
the rnlmofthe CatltlCo BaradtUa, and leads CO Camcrlata (p. 13.'i). 
It then turns E. to Rebbio, Lurino, and Lurate Abbate, trsTersing 
a laiuriantly fertile dlstrlet with numerous lUlas of the sris- 
looracy of Milan, At OlginU the road attains its cuVa&vA!i.\^ 
point (900 ft. BtiOTe the Lako ot ynmo^ , Wewe*. a n\bw Q^'Avntt 
ftwa, the Simpton obain, and othet W^a \b o\«,viive^. '^^a^i 
I S^SBoiMM. IiaJy 1. gib Hdii. V^i ^ ■ 

From Como 

next psSBca the viUsges of Sotblate tni Binago, ili^aCEnds rapidly 
by MalnaU, snil oroaiea tbe Liaaa, noai its iiitlax into tke (Hona, 
Bnil farther nn, the Oloua itself. 

VUMB. — Hatdi. ■Oa*Bn HAtil V*bi>-bb (ExeUnori, a taree new 

Silifancwi to Gomn andLiiVeno. ue p. IIG; Id XBodriiiil (p. UT) bora 
Ule /inpnla KanrnHU ran saUbliabuient wfaera carriaEi's may alfu bo hli^ 
ed): hs Tradalo lu Baronno Cfwin ihu Angela ; Irauiwav thtncc In MUan, 
Map. in), bnlhuBceiiailr; tn Porln-Ca'aio (p. i5l}, twICB dallv In I'^Hr. 

Sailwa; lo Milan, aeo above. 

Vorcac (^13013 ft. above the Bea-leTGi) is a. tbiiTisg place widi 
13,100 inhab. and silk, paper, CuTilltare, and other maiiii factories, 
lu auDimer the pleasant environs attiaot a iintiibei of vealthy Mi- 
lanese families, vho posaeas illlaa here and io the neighboiubood. 
The principal churth of S. Vatore, whieh waa rebuilt ubout 1600, 
with a tower 246 R. lu hoight, contains a St. Oeorga by Crespl, 
and a Magdalene by Moiazzone. Amnng tbe villas nuy be men- 
tioned: Paiaiso Vcratli, known as Ln Corle, on tha Lavenorosd; 
Viita Ducate LiUa, on (he road to lilume Saperiore ; VUta PalUl, 
to the N.E., on the road to Biunio luforiore ; then, near the latter 
village. Villa Lilla Uadlgnani, which sttll bears traces of a skiimlsh 
fought here an 26th May 1859*, Villa Tancioli, PoggI, and ottiars. 

WAUfs. To tbs Citlli tampiglio, I'/f M. to the B, , on Iha load lo 

■" id Laveno, commanding a flne view: to S. Airaae, I'A K. to 

■*'- a view of r - ■ ■ " — ■ ■ 

I.; then. : 

, wllk a view of the lakai U. thV Lago di fori 

dslla SchinuiDB), H'/i ».; then, akirlint the Ijike, to Oropilte, (JUnoM, 

J- UT). 

~ cicumion, howovor, ta by fl. Aiutrogie and Ilh 

el Hgnt*, a nelsbTated Feaorl oF pllttrrma, 8Vi M. 
■ - Fogliardi, them a bTldJe-i>ath). Fonrteaa 

lakes of Comsbbia, Biandionc, sod Hun^le, (hi 
the Lago MagBiore. P»rt nt tbe LaXo of Come 
fmlttal plain u far as Milan are vialblt 

loluding tbe glacicr.wnrld alan, la obtained (boal by morning-Ilgbl) 

gnldea (nnnfcesBaryl are to be 
muD. n. im. 


^. (BO lulerabirinnj. The Cullcglau cbu^ 
y cTintaln rieieaen by Uamlin.i llt^Sj; Ibnae 


toXvine. HBt(DRlS10. SI. Il'Mtf.. 

the Lake of Vartse aiid the small adjscunt Lalu of Bin 
and also of the firthec distant lakes of Monatc and Comabbi 
next vQlagea ate Barraiso and f omerlo, the latter wlCli a iiumbel 
ar plesunt lillas, vhenee th? raad, psesing near the N.W. ei' 
cremlty o( the Lago dl Varasa , gradually deaoenda to Qavlrate. lu 
the violiilty of the latter are quarries of the 'marmo majolica', a 
ktod of marble used for dewratlve purposes. For a short distance 
the road commands a vien of Monte Rosa. Cocjaio and Otmonio 
are sitnated to the right of the road. Farther on, the Boeiio, ^thlch 
flows through the Val Cavio, la orossad, and, beyoud CiUlglio, tta 
right batik skirted. The road then leads past the S. base of the 
iSasjo del Ftrro to — 

Lavena (p. I5i), i steamboat station. — Boat to the Barromoaii 
Islands and Pallsnza with 3 rowers 10-12 fr. ; to Isola Bella i i/iii. 
then(-« to laola Madre in 2D mlu., to Pallanza in 20 ' 


Pnim Coma lo LUEAVo , 90i/i M.. riilway In l>/i lir. (farei 3fr. ittTV 
.(t. to, ifr. Sfis.). — From Ijuudd by PimtaTreia lu Ldiko, about ISH., 
lolu dnigeDce osos dail; Id »/, hra. (faro 3fc. 15, conpi ili- TOo.); or 

. Fkou Gouo to Luino by Lvqano. 

ntlt-Trem (n !>/< hr,. and dllleiDCB thenni 
■2 bra. lolRular touf ticket! available lor the laltsr mste only). Cartltee 
and pair rrom Lugano to LiiinD3D, with one boraa 10-12 fr. , in Ibu revorae 
direction a return earriaee (from Laino) may oRen be hired at a cluaper 
rale. The Ilallan eastuia-liDuBea are at Oblatw) and FornaMtta (p. 151). 

awla. lorrilory. 

Como, aeep.136. The railway runs behind the BDr?oVi«o(p. 139), 
and through a long tunnel under the Monte Olimp{no, At (41/gM.) 
Chiauo {^Anyeto or I'oala), the first Swiss Tillage, luggage ia eiamin- 
eii and uarrlages generally changed. 6'/j M, Batema. Tunnel. 

9Vs M. Kaudriiio (tl9l ft. ; *B6Ul Mmdritio, R. a'/gfr.), a 
small town with 2400 tnhab., '/a M. from the station. Oomp. the 
Map, p, 138. 

The TlonU Ooumio 16661 fl.: Uaau ff*wmi™, or MonU CalBOtfmom), 
the Bigl at Italian Swltaeclatid, la Fraquently ascended from Uendrlsla; lu 
Ibeb'itFllnahn., thence to tbeaammlt In l</<hr. more. Males (6fr.), liehl 
mounlain can (tor 1 pen. lOfr., there and hack 16tr. wllb bmiDamanol, 
and guidet (uinecenuj) may be Mred al Mendilaio. The brldJe-palh (lor 
the most pari pBvf^d, and Qoi recommended tr> pedeatriaDa) aseeDd^ by the 
wtne-cellari or fialDTMo in tlgiap (]Hdestriana may take the path lo tbe 

lee^ lo Agnnaw, fceeplng the' valley on ttio rlgbt) to a wiH)acd dale, at 
the enlraniie uf which Iliere Is a Boring by tbe xall on the lefl; at tbe 
Hiurce of IbebTflok at the upper end(^bn.) Is a sacond apring. The path 
Iben leads thnni^ ■ sparse wood M the (1-lVi hr,} 'BiM du OinlretB 
(B. 3l/r!)'/i, !>. u^ A. IVi, LnBcbS'^, D. Btr.J the property of Dr. Piula 
of Mendriaiu, a cumforlablc boose wllb port und teleerapli uffloeB, and wall 
adapted for a proloneed sUt; '/» I"' farther, beymd Ibe ridBB, are Ihe 
Ehalela of Caalna, wbeie a fine breed nf cattle ia reared. IVum the hutel 

The 'ViRw umbracBi the lakei of Liigann, Ciiran.Cueu., wA'Cb&\*as> 
" — ' ■- ■-— -■-- '- — .---.- --. -- — - -s^vlm -aSt 

At (12 HO Cnpoliigo [Ian on the lake) the line rsMhea the *£akB 
of LngADO, or Logo Ctreito [893 R.J, the scenery of whinh Is littlu 
Inrerioi ta that ofitA moTO celebrated tieighboucs Como and Mag- 
tiore. In the vicinity of Lugano the baniis are pktoresqnely 
studded with vilUs and nhapelB, and planted with the Tine, flg, 
olive, iind walnnt. The W. Bide of the S, arm also preseilts 
■eieisl dslightfal pointa of vle-w. The scunery of the E. arm of the 
Uie [p. 151) is wild and deaeited. 

The train now skirts the lake, at first on the E. bank, affordtng 
Bharmlnfi vlewa. Beyond [li'/a M.) Marongia two tunnels ure 
tcavecsed. Near Bisiont the lake is nrosEed from E. to W. by 
means of an unsightly atone dyke, l/ii M- in tength, 26 ft. in iridlli, 
Goinplcited In IH4II, along which the line ia constructed; at eajsb 
end Is an arth for the passage of TeBsell. — I6V2 M. Mtlide is 
situated on a piomontory on the W. bank of the lake. The wlilte 
dolomite, of which thi; mountains chiefly consist here, changes near 
Mallde to dark porphyry, and as 5. Marlino is approached, theto is 
a gradual transition to Bhell-timeatone. The line penetratea the 
N.E. spur of the Monte S. SaWatoie by a short and a long tunnel, 
and crosses the ralley of the Tcusmo by a viaduct, 130 ft. high. 
Fine Tiev- to the light of the town and lake Df I.ngano. — 201/a H. 
Lugano is at prtscnt the terminus, but the line is being continued 
to Bellinzona (p. 32). The station is beautifully situated ahova the 

LagBno. — HptBli. "IIOtrl no FAitc, in the sappresfled mOitaatery 
of a. Maria degli A«gioU, on the S. side o( the town, with « pleasant 
gardBD and guvenl devendenolea, R. 3-5, L. 1, B, li/u, II, fi, A. I, omiiibiul 
I'/'Cr-, pension in summer flfr. aod npwardi, but less In winter; 'Hdrai. 
WAeniKuiuHi "HoTKi. SDTBBiii -HdrKt Ldgaboi -BKttnvUE, OH Ihe lake; 
"Bhocca, with earden, U. ii/rSVifr. 1 H8111, M tA Cuubomhb, cheaper; Hfl- 
itt. un Fakueaiu, '/( X. to Ibe 8., with view, madcrale. 

Butauranti. "Brocca, wllh gorden (sec abore); C«it»rd>a and Amtrt- 
eaita, both uo the lake. 

iaks Bsthi of Ihe Sotieti SaWaleri adjoming IHe Udlel BellBTue, and 
Rngnl Oallcfslanli by Iho Hflte) dn Pare (for swinnners, 1 fr. with towals). 

Phyiioian ; Or. COrtilti. 

■-._. _. , m_. T. n_... ..-^joj ,1,6 Hfllel Bellerue. 

1 9>/] lira.; steamboal -tickets for LagD 
See) lo Biltktxm" (railway to Biaaca, 
ana dUigence ttaence tu IMtcrnt by tlie 31. aollhard) Ihrtc limci dally; 
to Coirt by the Benardloo once dally. 

Kallway BUtlsn, Vt K. abuvs the town (faolpalb slinrier IhBn tbe 
toad). IHlleencs lickcla are isiufd at tbe railwaj slation, and pimiateat 
an conveyed itraUi to Ibe ufflce of Ilia dllittenirE. 

Btomboat to /torKiia twice dally, 2Vi or 1 fr. ; (0 PmU Trma (p. IBU 

the 'steamboat for Ibe omnitjuses from Forletna to Uenaeeio, furlo Ui 
Varae, aad I'lyale Tresa lo Luino. 

----- - Pdrlezza (p. ISl) with one vowet Itt., Vto VHi., ihwe 

1 W^/1-. 

OuTug«. To Loina irilh one bursa 12, two horgu SUfr., 
i ur 3U Vuesu [K or SUtr. (driTeT'n fee sitnj. 
" ih Chnroh Strrlg ■ ■' "■-■■"- 

, IVtlff^ 

Lugano (.932 ft.), will. 6024 iohali., is otiarinliiEly dtuateJ oii 
the lake of the Bame niioe, and anjoys quite ail Italian fltimttB (the 
igive blooming here iti the open air). It fs a very plesBiiit plaeo 
foe a iDngthened atay ; tlie enviionH posBeati all the charma of Italian 
mountain ecsuery ; nitinerous villages and cauutry-Beate are aoatter- 
ed along the margin of the lake , and the lower litUs are covered 
with vineyards and gardens, ooiitraatiilg beanlifuUy mth the dark 
foliago of tlie ehsBttiuts and walnutB in the baiikground. To tlia 
S., Immediately above the tonu , riacs the Montt S. Salvalrm, 
vraoded to its aummit; among tlie mountaina towardB the N. the 
double peak of tho JWnnti! Camog}^ (7303 ft. j p. 32) la COTI- 

The interior of the towu with Its arcades, workahopa in the 
. n air, and granite -paved Btreets, ia alaq thoroughly Italian in 
charatter. On market-day (Tuesday) a variety of pintnrBsquo 
Usliau costnmea and chaiaaterifltlc scenes may be observed here. 

The oneo numerous monaBterles of Lugano havo been suppress- 
ed with the eioeption of two. The moat important was that of 8. 
Maria degli Angioii , now the H£tel du Paro. The adjacent church 
containa beautiful 'Freaeoea by Btm. Luini. 

Tho panting cm Ihe wall nf ike aereBB, une of the largeiit and Hnejt 
r e>eeulel by Lninl, repreiieiilB (be 'Paiiion of OirUt, and conlaina 
rnl buBdred flgnna, arFangoil aeeonling lu (he anliqualed style In 
TOWS. In tho foregruond, OMUpylng the upper part of the wall, 

(, Ihc ecoupi or Ihe iioly women, and SI. John, and the eiaealiDnen 
cuilne IdU For the Earments. Abure, on a dlniinlsbBd Malo, from lento 
riEhl, are Chriet im Ihe Mount ot Ollvea. Cbrlst lakan priionsr. Die 
SeoaqiiDE, tile Bearing of Ibe Cnuu. the BiilDmbmanl, and Ihe AiiMiufoB, 
all inmedlalely adjarent. Allbough Ibe atylf of the compogitloo gtrlket 
one as old-teibloned , eipeciHlty after Meing Leonardo'! worka, Ihe eye 

Bne. To Ihe lefi, on the wall of tha nhureb, is Ibe l^ilSuppar^ a'^c"n 
In Ibree hcIIdu, [onnerly In the tyeeiim, and in Ihe lit Chape] nn the 
rlghl la a Jtadmuia, both alao by iMini. 

8, Loretao, tbe principal church, on an eminence (One view 
om the terrace), probably erected by Tammaio Rodari at the 
end of Ihe 15th cant., has a tastefully adorned marble fn<;ade. 

Adjoining the Theatre are the old government buildings (now 
the H6tel Waih'mgtin), with a rool and ploasant colonnaded court. 
The hall runtaini a monument to the architect Canonino di Tet- 
itrtU, and a marble bust ot QeiiBrat Ou/bur. 

A small temple at the Villa Tamiaa , where suites ef apart- 

ents may be hired, V* M. S, of the Hotel du Pmc, cbvAb'Wa i.^.^sa*. 

of Washington, 'majnium sacculoTum dceua' . — '^W. \iUa. "Bw™* 

/our, abarniliigly ailuati'd near the Hotel 4\i¥»ic, o^-w'vijS^ 

150 lla«tc:*l. MONTE S. HALVATORK. 

now s i)Spolid»lice, h&a ■ beflutidll »lid very f 
coiituninR flue cediiis , msgiiolias, rsmelliu, etc. - — Super]) view 
from llie lower in the garden of the Villa Enderlin, to which ai 
In pormltled by the pTopriotor. 

The besiLtirul "Park of if. Ciaai, eitendiiig nlone the N. bay of 
the Uke about '/2 ^' f'om ths Hotel du Vtre, Is always open tf 
viBllon (gardener 1 fr.)- 

On the broad quay opposite Ihe lEAtel du Pare is a Fotmtain 
with a Statue of Wltliam Tell, 8 ft. in height, in white saiidBtoits, 
designed by YIbc. Vela, and BTeoted in 1856. 

Dollehtrul excnnion lo -Konte fl. BUnture (igSS ri.), mcboI 3 hc«., 
d«MBBt F/, far., gulds l4rr.) impurllanuii (cnnip. Kap, p. 13S); bnm Bfr., 
muIeSfr.. Incl. fee. About 10 min fnim Ibe HAIel du Fifg, betwsu ■ 
dataobBd bonge anil tbo wall u( a gnxden, a giiud paved pith UrerBeg lo Oa 
rtgbl from the ro«4 lo Kalide (gee boluwj) amin. fiirther, wben lbs pUh 
diTiAes, we g" <io> I" 'be rl^hl, but alnlebt on lo the boluu) te- 
Iween ihesE Hie road aaeendi, putt i he handsome and toMplcuoug (25 min.) 
Villa Jfardiina, to (B mln.) Ibe vlllaee of Pmiallo, trom whlcl — —>- 
Ruga It vlnibliy Jhrougli a mounlalti-eoree. Here Ibe path diTM^i 
left troia the broad road, paeicg Ihrougb the galeway of lbs 

Fflgrimage CliaptI on (be lummit (refreBfamcntg and a few beds at tha 
-Ball boose near tha lop). The *ViEW emhraeea all Ibe arms nf (lie Lr"-- 
■■ " ■ ■■ glopeg, EgpBclBlly Ihoao I* 

iiubine. Ibe coin true I Ion a[ a cairla^a- 
it ig projected. In dosconding, the roule 
iwhal loneer) may be chogen. 

!«., p. Ifil) BDDBll THa MoBTK 3. SaLM- 

eaded. Wo proceed by l^/t br.) PonMa, 

Bl SoDuna Campagna tn mS, la (1 ht.) 
V. arm nC Ibe Uke, Tbe »ad Ihen iklrto 
. all JriDdura lo (</i br.) MaralU, Ghann- 
bj a ruined cnglle ("lew from Ibe tonj, 

- , . , to tujoBD, by IhB high road. — iSw 

rehyard nl S, AlAondio, 1 M. to ihe W. of Pambio (see abosa), coa- 
ig a flno monojnenl of the Torriani family, a woman praying, by r«Ia. 
The ascenl of °K™Is Br* [3100 ft.1, la Ihe V.B. of Lugano, Is anolber 

Is advisable' lo lake a guide from Brt.) A road runs inland lowardi 
BTal mills at the fool of the mountain, Tbenee a broad and wslt- 
stnicted palb winds upwards to the right 10 the small TUlage of 

li rlintcg are briiad, and well -conslructed, leading round Ihe mountain 
(be Tiilago nf BH on il« farther side (Inn, bread and wine only), 
1 route lo Ibe right, ahme the lake, ia very beautiful, while th*l 
Ibe left commands a Sue inland liew. Sear Ihe chorcli of Br& a 

idel) (be branch (o Ihe rtght irayerses tbe hi([besl crest of the hill, 

of Loeano, 

Lugaao, (p 

Monte Lep, 

ue (p. 114), lo the le 

akn nf Ihe Bemloa 

Hwle Cm 

ogbe (p. 33), to Iho 


wbcn Honl 

road and o 

through Co, 

A Darv 

Toaa (4Va 

where a > 

Helro lo C 

pt. Ceiioni, who fell 

JWbo, wbe 

ra wo approaeh tbe W 

the lake an 

passes round the Mo 

iB teioa.rli.ah\Y ino. \.ii'j>'iia \ijsM \a wji 

Deyond LugatiD the road gradnally winds upvaida to the W., 
tunia S. past the BmaMLake of Mtioano, ccosaea the Agtio, leads 
thmiigh the (3 M.) village of that lumo (967 ft.), «nd a short 
diitaiiee farther reafihes the W. arm of the Late of Lugsuo. Near 
Magliaio the lake la quitted, but another of Its bays is touched near 
(3 M.) Panic Tnia. This bay, whioh Is so completely onnlosed by 
mnDiiUins as apparently to fonn a distinct lake ; is oonnevted with 
the Lake of Lugano by a narrow channel only. The Treia, 'whinh 
here emergeE troia the lake and forms the fteiitiei betneen Switzer- 
land and Italy, falls into the Lago Haggi^re, ^/i IS. S.W. of Loino. 
It is crossed by a bridge at Ponte Treaa. 

SXBIUBUAT FEOH LUOASO TO PDHTB TiESA [n I'/i hr., a plcaianl trip 
round Ihe MonU 8. aalnlora. The italinsi are Camplottc QJ, Biliime 
(1.1 p. liS), Mttide (r.; p. 1«), Bruiitt-ArsMo 0.), MercoU (r.( p. ISO), 
Pariu-Crralo (I. ; nmnibna la I'/i hr. to Vareso, p. 146), Brutin-Plttaii (1.), 
and Ins 11 J Poiiie Trca. 

The road followe Che coarse of the Tresa ae far ae (he Italian 
frontier at Fomaee and Fomaseite, whore luggage is examined; 
it then descends, and aouu affords a vlow of the Lago Maggloi 

15 M. Lufna, see p. 154. 

3. Pbok Mbhaqqio b 



s from Mcnagein In Po 
riag,: B-Mtr., Iwo-hw 
rrwica dally tUere and 

batk; TncBda 

iraraSfr. GOe.) 
1. Fori™, lo L 
. Ihreo tlii.E.1 1 

The jouniBy from Meiiagglo to Porleiia (9 M.) is also reeam- 
meiided (a pedeitilans, as the road leads through a sumosaioii of 
Imposing and attraPtlTe mountain-seeues. The Villa Vigonifp. 143J 
lirs to the right of the road (N.~). The re.trnspeut from thu height 
near Crone, 3 M. from Menaggin. is delightful. Towards the W., 
on the left the Afonte CroElone , and opposite to us the MonU 6a^ 
bigii (o830 ft.) rise precipitously from the lake. The road then de- 
scends to the small Laya del Pi/mo and the village of Tavordo. 
Thenne 10 Porler.ia IV4 M. more. 

Forleua f/nn on the lake), with 12,000 luhnb., la situated at 
the N. end of the Lake of Lugano. Attempts at esWidu™. ks, 
frequently made here by the ftatotiiltv w\>o V"^! vi^vi «»,^>?iK«>. 

Soon tfter Porjetza is quilted, the Monte %. SttVia.V.^e ^vS- "^^^p 





8 ™ii.pkuo 

IS to the 8.W 

The steft 

per KiiicheB at 



1 the Uke), 

OD the left. 



Ontts of 0> 



h« ua of th 


(or pSri 

lis (die 


■ag 111 

g by the nei 






nd lo Ibo TlUagB 



gurge, la w 

ilch (here ■ 


mek. ViilU 

n Btdburk 

i«ll bo. 

H.d ext 



t«Koin of whit 

b tj entirely 


d by 11 



thToagli V 

ileh the b6>t 


in c 


d out by Ibe 

KiloD or th 

F«r »h 

.e. the 





h i 

D Oi^CliSi 



th&t of VfllTera, jtnd fti equally impitKiag, .lrhau|;h flhortfr^ 

Oppoaite, on the N. bunk, are the vllla|-es of Cima, CriiegM, 
aild AibBgnaio! farther on, Kt the foot of Mantt Bri [p. iHOi), 
Uimdrla, beanllfiilly situated, with haii^ng gardens, lofty areulas, 
vine-tenaeeB, etc. The S. arm of thn Uke now opeiiE ; to tbe left 
lies JIfonte Cajerino with Its wtnp-(tel1ars ; thfl sl«aiiieT rounds the 
protnontoiy of Caalagnola and reanhee Lugano {jp. 148). 


Laeo Mazgiore. 


» Genoa. 

3 li 

mes dail: 

durinc (he 

LO«rn.. lo 

leula Sella 

o'A«na"iii 11 




9fr. 66 r„ 


ICr. BB 

m Isalt 

™ Ifr-^SO 1 

diRn and 



uf. The 






for ■ rtngl 

traveller (l-B 


from Slrcia 

iO.^-}. Theb 


imed In the 


ripldll adhered 


f.>ggy w 


isolo Bella 

>nd some <.lhe 




11 do nnl iHuch 

Xagadimi, Lo. 

F>a«niall faoal 


), En 

nauhbio, JT 

Mnmio, Lnino, 

Qmhitd, Oegebbio, Qhifa 


Poru Vallr 


(luuobed . 



Uanu, ^H 

I. re 


Bella Omali 


, Belglratc 


BmU. TraveEeri eoming from the Simplon usm 
BiviHO (pp. 27, 15&) to Yiait the Borromaan fclanda. ' 

peri. 2 roweri, fnr d-6 pers. 3, 



erg 4 ruwe 

rs, <o that the 

Ualf-liour'B passage to lao 


- Half-way he- 


e tb 

here la a fe 

ry, where 1-9 

fr. ia exacted for a paMa«e 



mn'it be paldfor hv llin 


2rr, for 

each rower, 
for the lira 

the retoro-trip 
hoar udGO^ 

for BMh addllional '/, !ir 




seep, ISSiloA'wara 

p. 168. -*F^"loo.S] 

o lo BsUbi 

A'oiM, ae 

pp. 31. jSi i. 


the St. Golthard to LneeiM 

in J6hr«, (R. t)i frnm B 


r the Bern a 




to Dam d-C 

4«Ja Cp. 28), la 

invu™ (B, 31 

Swfaf dllf^aee daily in 

2>/. t 

o I^»n 

1,8.. W. - 

T«.VtM \»»A 

w bo.rd the steRinen. 




Lugo Magglore. LOCARNO. -.'■>. Rant 

The *LagoMagKioTe [646 ft,, greateat depth 2800 ft."). Ii^ ' 
Verbamua of tbe Romxiis, 1b 37 M, In leiigtli inil nyeiages 4'/^ 
111 nidtli. The cautoD Of Tidiio posBp-saes only the N. baiik for > 
distanco of 9 M. ; this portion of the lake ta nlaa eaUed the Ldfce of 
Loairjio. The W. hank hcyoiid the brook Valmarn , and the K. 
hank from Zcnna belong to Italy. Ita principal tributaries are nn 
the N. the Ticino (TtfiinI, on the W. the Tosa, on the K. the 
Tresa , flowing from the Lake of Lugano. The river iaaulsg RtiDi 
the S, Biid of tho lake rotsins the name of Ticino. The N. hanks 
■re bounded by lofty mountains , for tbe most part wooded, whilst 
ihe E. shore towards the lower end slopes gruluslly aWay lo tbe 
level of tho plains of Lomhardy. The W. hank afTords n BuoeeBsioii 
of uharmlng landaoipes. The water Is of a green oolour in Its tJ. 
BCin, and deep blue towarda the S. 

At the N.W. angle of the lake , at the influi of the Tlulno, 
lica Magadino (Bollevue, on tho lake), consisting of Upper and 
" ower MagadiuD, at whith, since the opening of the railway to Lo- 

iruo [p. 32), the steatnera only louoh once daUy. — OpposltQ to 

, on the W. bank, lies — 
Looamo (682 ft.; 'Grand Bold Locarno, with garden and 

Lew; 'Coronn, on the lake; 'Alhtrgo SvisstTO, 111 the piazxa, 
moderate; Caffi del S. GoUardo, adjoining Che Corona^, with 
2T00 inhah., the letminua of the railway montlaiiBd at p. 3'2, 
situated at tbe mouth of Ibe Maggia, the depoalCs of whioh have 
formed a consldeiable delta. Politically Loeutiio is Swlis. but the 
character of tho scenery and population la thoronghly Italian. The 
t'oUeglaU Church nontaina a good picture iUesront from the Cnrts) 
by Cerist. The handsome [former) Oovemment Buil/ilnga are sitaateil 
in a large 'piazza' and piiblie garden. The pDgrlmage-chnrcb of 
^madonna del Siusa (llB8(t.), ou a wooded eminenoB above thn 
town, commanda a remarkably fine view. The bnsy market held at 
l.oi'arno every alternate Thursday aftorda the visitor an opportunity 
of observing a variety of costumes of the peasantry of the neigh- 
bourhood. Great national featiral on 8th Sept., the Nativity of 
«lie Virgin. 

The W. bank of the lake , to the S. of Lor-amo , Is atnddeil 
with wrnntry- houses, villages, and campantll. On tho bank of 
the lake runs the new cstrlage-road from Locamn to Pallanza ; in 
the angle lies Aieona with ita castl« and seminary ; blgbei up , on 
thealope, Rotko, Passing two small islands, we next reach SrH- 
fago ['Albergo Antleo; Alb. Brlsaago) , a delightful apot, with 
pictuiesque white lioiises conapicuous from a great diatanoe, and an 
avenue of cypresses leading to the church. The slopes above the 
village are covered with flg-trera, olives, and pomegranatoa, and 
even the myrtle Bouriahea in the open air. — On V^u^'&.^lw^. 
opposite, is siluatL'd Pino, on s gnusy slo^. 

<R ^i0t/i and Ouiobbio (miet runotibio, B.. ^^I^?!, ■?«.&*■ *i'^'»-N 


154 RiAlte S2. LDINO. 

Albergo delU Alfii) am on Itallaii turrllory. The latter is i 
tha oldeat slid moat proaperouB vlll^^es (2600 inhab.^ oii ths 
HltuaWil on a pUWBo at the entrance of the Val Canobbtito, and 
ovecahadowBd by rkWy-wooded moniiUlna. In the choich Delia 
Pitl!l, the dome or whlsh Is ascribed to BriiBsiite, le i> Crnolflilon 
by Oaud. Fensri. 

Flesunl w&Ui Df Vi br. up Ibc heaaliriil Val CsivibblnD tn the hrdto- 
pnlhic BstuMiihmsDl of £■ BBlnts. und tbcncn to Ibe (90 min.l OrWdo, ■ 

The boat now ateera for the E. bank, and toonhes at Maceaffno, 
wheniie a walk of 2 hra. may be taken to the lofctly situated Lago 
Dtlio (new inn; eiteiialvs view). — Farther on, Camedn, lii a 
wooded ravine ; then — 

Lnivo (Seiet du Simplon, ppnsion Bfr.; Paatai Vittorial, with 
the Palaito CriveUl surronnded by pines, the station for Lngano 
(p. 148), and a faroDrlte summer reaort on account of the beauty 
of its environs. The Flaiza Garibaldi la adorned with a statue 
of that heto. — \bout Va M. to the S., at the mouth of thn Kar- 
gorabbla, lies Oermlynagn , with the large atlk-aplmilng ^fllanila) 
and ellk-wiuding (^fllatoj&j factorica of Ceaare Roitottl and Co. of 

On the W. bank rise two grotesque-lookliig castles fCaittUi dl 
CanntTo), half ill ruins, the properly of Coutit Borrouico. In the 
15th Dent, the; harboured the ive brothota Maxxsrda, nolorloua 
brigands, the terror of the district. — C&nneTO is beintifnily situated 
ill the midst of vineyards and olive-groves , which extend far np 
the elopes of the monntatn. The W. bank la clothed with the 
richest vegetation, and stndded with Innumerable white houses 
and a succession of picturesque illiages. 

The small villages of Oggtbbio and Qhiffa on the W. bank, and 
Fario VaUravagUa on the E., are only touched at by some of the 
steamers. lu a wooded bay beyond the last lies Calde, with the 
ancient tower at the Vaslello dl Calde on an eniinenoo. Then , to 
the F... — 

LaT«na ('Foata; Worn; Sletla), a village of some importanoe, 
beautifully situated in a bay at the month of the liuesio, (tormerly 
n Strongly fmnlfled harbour ftir the Anstrian gunboats (to Varese 
aeep.UB). FnrI f/nribaldi, i'/a M. from Laveno , commands * 
charming view of the lake and the mountains beyond. — ftehind 
Laveno rises E Suio dal Ferro (691B ft.], the most beantlfiil 
mountain on the lake, commanding a magniflcent view of the lake, 
the plain as far as Milan , and the .Monte Rosa chain. The Hre- 
peaked summit of Monte Rosa is also visible from thU pact of 
the lake. 

As the bant approachea Intra , the Villa Frina becomes vislblfl. 

The vsUfiy. which hero opens to Ihr W.. auddenly discloses a strik- 

JaS'ir p/f-t'iniBque view of the, N. nRigWiums ot MnivteUns*; first 

tie Stnblborn, then the MiscUabel aivd BVutelou, T^iisi hiXow, 

tfltfo MaygiOTt. BORROMEAN ISLA-NDS. 05. RiuU. 155 

to vLqw a tbe BCeainliaiC turns tlie point between Intra and Pol- 
Utizs, but soon re-appear and remain visible until Isnla Bella is 
reached. Froid the laland Itself tbey aru hidden by the mountains 
of the fsUey of llie Toss, 

Intra fflS(ei-Pefn. Intra; VUtOo e Leon ttOro; AgneUo), a 
tlDurighing town (5000 inh.^ with manufaotorleg, ehlefly belonging 
to Snlga propriators, Is situated on alluvial sol!, between two niaun- 
laln-streamB, the S. Gi'ivanni and S, Bernardino. The 'Villa Fran- 
toiini, I'/a ^' to ^^^ ^'i posEeSBea a beaaclful garden, (containing 
a msgniAueut magnolia, 6& ft. in height. Attlautive ascent of 
I'/g hr. from Intra to Fremmo, which oommsuds a fine Alpine view. 

On the promontory of 3. Scmigio, which may be asnendetf 
from Palliiiza oi Intra In '/g br., stands a uhuroh on the Bit« of sii 
ancient Roman templo of Venus. Adjanent ifl tta VlUa S, Ranigio, 
the propeny of Mrs. lliowii (visitors kindly admitted; splendid 
vie" from the baloony, embracing the whole lake and extending 
to the Munte Rosa). The little Uola 8. Giovanni, one of the Itarro- 
mean group, with Its chapel, house, and gardens, is the property 
of Oount BoiTomeo. 

PallBnu, — BetOM. "Guim U^TELFu-LaKU, a lues house, beauU- 

iiosied, E. 3V>-5, B. I'/i, D. B, L. anil A. IViifr.; uninlliua friim 

" " In ApriJ and Hay 

a 8-11 Vn, 

tliB quBVi warm balh ai/,, lali» bath l'/i(i 
S</rVi, in numinEr 7i/i-IO^^, Septembci ant 
9'/ifr- — HJt. (lAEOKi; -PosTa) Italia; S. 

£oal with one lUW^r U- Ihe Isola Madre I'/i, wim lou „,.., .u ^,„» 
Bella 2iji or 11/,: lo bnlh islandi 3</, ar 6, lo SlrfJa W/i iir J, lo Laven.i 
2IA or t'/i, 1" [•'lino 8 O' 10ft-, ete. 

BilietKi* lo Dnmo d'UuDla in G hia., Iwlce dally. 

Fallarua, a thriving little town with 3200 inhsb., delightfully 
situated opposite Ihu Dorromean Islands . commsiids a beautiful 
view ot them, tho Islie, and the Alps to the N. The nursery 
gardens of SavtUi, Ctrutti, and othora deserve a visit [fee '/a-l ft.'). 
Pleasant walk by the new road round the Monti Boiio , ascend- 
ing by the brook 8. Btmanlino as far as the old Romsn bridge 
of SonIino(tV, hr.^. 

The Uke here fbrms an eiteusive bay. 41/3 U. long and 21/4 H. 
wide, running lii n N.W. direction . nt the N. entremity of whish 
is the influx of the Impetuous 2'osa (Toct). On its N.E. bank 
lies Suna, on the S.W. Feriolo, whara the Simplon route (p. 27] 
quits the lake ; the steamboat does not always touch at these two 
stations. — Then BaTeno ('Grand Bottt Beilevut; 'Beaurivaye, 
both with gardens; Stmflont), a small town with 1900 inhabi- 
lants. The handsome Villa Clara (proprietor Mr. Henfrey] wss 
ocoiipied by Queen Victoria for some weeks in tho spring of IB79. 
This is the usual starliiig-polnt of travellers from tho SImploii for 

■BarTonitan Islands. The steamera touch ouli »X ■Aic ^wm*. ^- 
>f those, the Jtala Bella, wh inh with tUo IsoLa Mrtdi^tSs.'C&o^rtwjs*.-^ J 
a/ tbe Borromeo family. Between tKaae Uos S^ -~^ "iJoJi ^»^^ ^'^A 

156 RouU -J'J. STIIKSA. 

Pearulori, or Stiperiore, tli" jiruperty of the litber 

it; to (he S. is tlie Iiotu S, Uiuvamni moiitioiied Rbove. 

In the ITtli oeiil, Cuunl Vitalio Berromeo (d. 16901 eieetHd i 
chitBBu on ImoU, B«Ua and cDiiTerCcd the bftirBn lock into beauti- 
ful girdenB, rising on ten terranes 100 ft. above tha Uke , &nd 
stocked with lemon-trees, oedars , magiioliiB, cypieBBCs, oniige- 
treea, laurels, magDidcGiit oleanders, and other luxuriant products 
of tlio aoutli. The view <b very beautiful (eyeiiing light niORt f«- 
vDurHblB). Shell-^ctoee, fDuntsins^diy), moeaioE, and statues meet 
Ihe eyo in profuaion, but In questionable taste, Tbe ChStaai, irbtoh 
Is quite disproporttauate to tbe size of the island , is richly deco- 
rated, and contains a collection of pictures more nunicrrous than 
Talunbla. The N. wing U in ruins. The view through tha arohes 
of the long gallortea aiider the oblteau is very striking. A xer- 
TBut hurries Tisilors through the apartments (fee '/t-itt. ft>r 
each pers., a party In proportion^, and consigns them to a gardener, 
who shnna the garden with equal dispatch for a BimUst fee. Ad- 
joining the phStean ia the 'mtet d« Dauphin, or Dtlfijto (B. 2 b. 
and upwards, D. 4, pension, 8-9 fr.)- Eicunion of 2 his. by boat 
to the other islands with one rower 2 '/j, with two 5&. 

The laala Ha4ie on its S. side resembles the Isola Bella, 
and is laid out in seVBn tErraees with lamon and orange -IreHises ; 
on the upper terraoe is an Qninhabitod 'PalaiJto' (^beautiful ^iBw), 
On the N. side, there are charming waUa In the English style, with 
most luxuriant vegetation [^fee 1 fr.]. — The Itols dei PHOOtoii 
is entirely occupied by a small 11 abing- village , (he single open 
spaee being just sufllcieiit for drying the nets. 

The Kuntn around tha Sormmean Iilandu rlvali tlial at the LakBof 
Como fa graDdeur. and perhaps pnrpaasea it ip flnflniuB of cbarKAter. Heata 


lidhlB- tb 

tn the K.W. 


ho gl 

tiers and 

pukg of the 


of tb 

thi white gnnUB-rock 

Baveno (p 

37], The to 

the N. cann 

1 fail to 1 

ek with the 


J, atimiledi 

with imium 


d with aoulh 


an [chest- 


ulivesji th 


deep Uua 

walere anil 





grandeur nf 

the High Alps w 



»ke the B 

rromean IbIi 

d7 ''he .c 

sneof h!« 

dered tbem 

SQcb a mas 


The steamboat n 






ul garden 

aad dilieon 


hoin lite 1 

odioB - place 

3, B. I"/,, 

L. and A. 2 


B-iO, ta 

winter H-T 

r.} "Hr>TK 

DK Milan, wilh 

garden, near 

ft. S'/n, O. 


ft. trr.- 

B-Tfr. ~ Am 

a^nJ, italla 


pe... Mfr. 

Soat (b 

nror afr. f 

r the Br.1 ho 



widitloul ' 

bt. Com 

3. p. 





sola with 



a/-3S/r.i lo 

Aroaa *ith one 

horw Bfr 

t >.lv 




H30 be proeur 


e IgaTs '^ 

Lago MnggioTC. ARONA. 32. Routt. 

SlreB.i L1200 Inhab.) is aitliatad im the coast, opposite the IsoTs 
Balla. Tha bindaoiue Rotminian Mowiitery halfway up the moun- 
tain is now a f-ollego . Beautiful lypiBSBBS in the C'/iiH-Fftpnrii. Among 
the finest vUIbb in the ejiYiiona are the Villa IlolongtiTO, tha pro- 
perty of the Daoheaa of Genoa, by the church , and the YllUs Ca- 
$imova, Jinptralori, Cotkyno, end Durasto. — Ascent of Monte 
Motteroiie, see p. 159. 

As tho boat steers its n>nrBe along tlie W. bmik, the con- 
Btrnntion of the higb-ruad, in many places supported by piurs of 
lUHBonry, attracts attention owiug lo the difficulties whicii had to ha 
overcoine. The banks gradually beiunie flatter, and Monte Hoaa makes 
its appearance in the W. The noit place on tha W. bank is — 

Bslgiiate (*BStel (md Fenilon Btlnlratt, fnrmeily BoTTomeo, ■ 
large new establishment), with 700 ijihah., surronnded by the 
villss ^'onl'ina, Principeiia Malilda, Patlavicinl, aud others. — 
Then follow i-esa and Ueim (Albeigo Zanetta), and, on the£. bank, 
Angera, where the boat touches once a day only. The handsome 
chateau above the village belongs to Oount fiorromeo. The steamer 
finally stops at the station beyond Arona, 

Aroiut (^Italia, diligence -office; ^Aliergo Bealef Alb. San 
Qoltardo, all three on the quay, B. 2, A. S/jtr. ; Ta/'if adjoining the 
Alhergo Renle ; Caf^duLae, near the quay), an ancient town on 
the W. bank, about 3 M. from its S. extremity, with 3200 inhah,, 
extends upwards on the slope of the hill. In tha principal <',hnr«h 
of S. Maria , the chapel of the Borromean family , to the right of 
tha high altar, contains the 'Holy Family as an altar-pleoo, by 
0-iudmiio Vinei (1511), a master rarely mot with [ox Gaud. Fer- 
rari ?}; it Is surrounded by life smaller pictures, the upper re- 
presenting God the Father, at the sides eight saints and the do- 
On a height overlooking the entire district, '/i he. R. of the 
station and pier, is a coIdbbbI 'Siulue o/" S. Carlo, 70 ft. in 
height, resting on a pedestal 42 ft. high, erected in 1697 in honour 
of the eclebraled Cardinal, Count Carlo Boiromoo, Archbishop of 
Milan (T)Om here in 1538, died 1584, canonised 1610). 

The head, haudi, and feet of the Katae are of bronie , the robe of 
wrought coppur. NutoiltaitandiBE Its enormous djmenatoui, the statue i> 
not dcvujd nf arliilic merit. The various parU are held together hj iron 

den, kept in raadineu In tbs Dei^bouihood (fee), 'the lower part of the 

render llic aBC<?nt far from pleasant. 

The adjacent church contains a few relics of 5. Caylo. Tl 
extensive Ijullding In the yicinitj is an EecUiiaitiml Semintiry. 



158 Rnvte 32. MORTARA. 

Faou Abona to Mhah. 

43 U. Railwai in l'/f2yt lirs.^ fkrea Ttr. 65, 5Tt. 8S, Sfr. 65 e: 

The line follnwa tbe S. bsnk of tha Uke , cn)ssea the TVcJnd 
freifinj, the bonndsry between Piedmont iiid Lombirdy. Biiil, tlowti 
to 1H&9 , also the boundary between Sardinia and Austria. — 
&</g M. StBto-Calendti (Poaui, at the S.E. eitiemliy of tbe lAgo 
Maggiore, at the efflui of tha Ticino; 10 M. Vtrgiatei 13 M. 
Sammii, where P. Com. Sdpio was defeslert by Hannibal, B.C. 218. 

IT M. GBllKrate (the jonctlon of the Vareee Une , p. OS) , a 
town with 6000 Inhab., at the 8.E. base of a THiijte of hiUa whinh 
form the limit of the vast and fiuitful Lombard plain, plaTited with 
maize, mulbenteg, aiid Tines. 21 M. Busto AT$aio , the ohDrnh 
of which, dealgned by Bramante, nonUins frescoes by GandenKin 
Ferrari, 34 M. Legnano, where Frederick UarbaroBsa was defeated 
by the Milanese in 1176; the prlnRlpal church contains a Bne altar- 
piese, one of the best works nf Lniul. — ^Ty^M, Parablngo; 33 H. 
Hftb (p. 71) , with the church of the Madonna del Mirauolt by 
Pellegrini. — 38 M. Uuiocco. 

i'l M. Miiim. see p. 116. ^^M 

At the Hurlari slalion Ibia line ia joined h^ another coming 

Okboa, IW/t v.. Id 6-Ti/i b».; fares IT H. 3U, 12 fr. 10, B tr. 7D c [Bail- 
way by VogbBTB, acs E. SI) 

G H. Borpo-TicinB ; 8 M. Varalio-Pombiai 13 M. Okegio [^to 
the right a flue glimpie of the Houte Roaa chain). The line tra- 
yeraea a Bat district. — IS'/j M. BtUinsago. 

33 M. Tfoonra fp. 70). where the Arona-Genoa line intersects 
tlwt from Milan to Turin [B. 10); from NoTara to Turin, 2'/i-i hrs. 

3lM. Vt^oMei 33YjH, Borgo-LaveaaTti. — <t9M. HDTtan, 
a town with 780U inhabitants. The church of S. Loretua contains 
several plcturee by Crespl, Lanlnl, Procacclni, and Oaud. Ferrari 
fMadanna with SS. Rochus and Sebaatian). — To the right and 
left ate numeroDB Seida of rice , which are laid under water dur- 
ing two months in the year, intercepted here and there by nutie 
fields and mulberry trees. 

At Horlara a direct line lo Uilan divenei. Fboii Uilix In Huktiu, 
Sa'A M., la 1-1'/, hr. (tares Bfr.. 4fr. 2* Sfr. Be). aiaf!on> OrdM, 
Sivrteno, and AliUttlegmiii. Croimlnit the Tleino, the train reaetaei 
'ngaraBO (Mbcrgo Realt}^ with 19.nOO inhab., a town of suma Imporlanoe 
iq the )iilk-1radc. and pD»Be»(irie a ppaelimji markel-placfl surrounded by 
aicadei. Then (Sai/i M.} Morlarn, eei aborri, 

41 H. Ottvana; W/^ M. ValU; 47 M. 5arlJmna,' 51 H. 
Toire-Berttti [railway to Pavia, see p. 166). 

To the left the lonp chain of tbe Apennines forma a blue line 
fn the distance. The line crosaes t'hB Po \i'j toe.TOa it a briilge of 
^/weiily-ane Arches. 


l^]^M. Tkleiu>,&tawiiwitlilO,200)]iliAb.,[armeTly(oiC{fie 
conUlnlog ■ catliBiltal or tlie 16th cuiit, (roaCe to P&via, aee p. 166; 
to VeroBlli, BBe p. 70). — The train noit puaet through a tiiTincI 
I'/s M. ill length. — 57'/! M. Val Afac/onna; geveril piutur- 
eaqiiel^ Bituated smBll towns lie on thu chain of bills to thu right^ 
The TanSro Is then croBstd. ""^ 

ii3l/j H. Altisaitdria: thenuu to Genoa, see pp. Til, 74. 

23. From Streea to Vorallo. 

Xante Xotterone. Lake iif Orta. 

In Vnnllu 11/, h». wpJkiagi fnim Vftrsllu to Araiu g, tu Nuvira B hn. 

nnd ulteDdkBt to OrU la Cr. and lee) un hardly be digpeniicd wil'^ Unlei 
at Orla al bigb chafes. ^ Tho ascent uf th.' UL.Utruiie ia fuliguine, u 

The Lago Magglore la separated from the Lake of Orta hj a long 
mountain lidgn, whlcb Is crossed by a footpath IrotaStTaa (jp. 156] 
ill 5-6 hrs. via Gigneit, Cairo, and Arrtuno l^where the high road is 
reached;) to Orta (sea below). — Farther to the N. this mountain 
DDlmlnates in the grassy MoNTeMoTTGBONE. The path fromStresa 
[guide desirable, see above) Bsceiida oppoBlta the Isola Balls , at 
llrst tbiougii a chestnut grave ; then, above the village of Somernro, 
oviT forn-flUd and grassy slopes , psgaing several chalets shaded by 
lofty trenH, and leading to theW. to a aiuall chnrcli, where It turns 
to the right. Thence to the aninmit 1 hr. more. 

The extensive prospect commanded by the sunmit of *MsDts 
Motterone (4891 ft,), or Margatiolo, which may be called the itigl 
of the S, Alps, embraces tlie entire amphitheatre of mountains from 
Monte Rosa to the Ottler In the Tyrol. A panorama may be bought 
at Stress or Oru for S'/a ft. 

To ths right otltoBU Boia appear Ibe enDW-mountaliu orHonta Vara, 
Piuo dl Hot lanllo, eimplon, HoDte Leone, Orlea, and St. Gotlbaid t failhei 
E, the oonical Stella above Otalavenna, and the lung, impuaing lee-raaga 
of Ihs BctdIds, whlcb iBparalej the Val Bregnglia froni the Vallellina. 
Al the ipeetator*! feet He leven dlffurenl lakes, the Lake of Orla, Laia dl 
HergDiio, Ltta Kagglore, Lago dl Uonate, Lago dl Camabbio, Lago dl Bian- 
droae, and Lt.pi di Vaieie; farther to the rlEfal alretcli tlie eitunilve 
plidni of LumbsFdr and Piedmont, In lbs coniro of wblob riaoi the lofty 

through the plains, and by a singnlar optical deliulon freouonlly appear 
ta traverse • lofty tableland, Tbe idmultaneoaB view of the tiola Sadre 
In LagD MaggloTe and the Isola B. <}luHo In Ihe Lake d( Oi^& V 
Biarkably plctuTesqns effect, — The mountain VtAi unAttU cA 
ol barren lainiiiiu, studded with DcctsiD'aal c^VeU, AiaAEil ^^ 
i« ««e /( ii Hoc/rried by oheatnut-lrees , and V^c (qUo*e M.i 

In deBcrtiJing Irani Mnnte HottHToiiti In OrCa we toon resell > 
broad bridle-path, wblcli [gutile nov uiiniieeasBryJ leida inZt/ghra. 
to Armtno [lim), situiitBd on the high rood. Wc nnw follow the 
tO»d to (2M.) jWiafino, »nd (1 "/a M.) to flonc fteili'. PfiLirion LPoat*}, 
neai vhkh s pstb ueends to the rigbt in lOniin. tnthoSacroHonb! 
Csae below), and (»/« M.l Orta. 

DitB 1^1220 ft. -, *H6ttt 8. Glutio, in the market-place and on the 
lake, R. & A. 3i/(, D. 4Yjfr. ; Leon ifOra, also on the lake ; Due 
Spade , at the back of [he piazza , on the road to the Sauro Honte ; 
one-horse ran. to (jraTellons firr.), a amall tnwn, with narrow 
streets paved with marble slabs, and a handsome villa of the Har- 
quia Natta of Novara (at tlic S. entrance], ia moat picturesqiiety 
Hltunted on b promontory oxtendiiig into the Lake of Orte at the 
baie of apriiiiipitouarliff. On the lake [1'/* M. in breadtli, 7l/jM. 
in length), whir.b of late has boen ofllcialiy called Lugo Cuaio, after 
its ancient name, a steamer plies thriiie daily, touohing to the 8. nf 
Orta, at the station of Ihiceione (whence an omnibus rnaa to the 
OoiUmo railway station, p. 71), and on the Cf. proceeding by Pella 
(see below), PeltenaKO, Ronco, and OIth to Omegna at the N. end 
of the lake. From Bncctone to Omegna in li/i hi., farelfr.SOc. 

Above Orta rises tlio Burg Knil« (sscant from the pFlnolpol plaiu, or 
thmugb llie garden of Ibe VIllu Xi^tta, on whicli ruute a feu is eipeeted fi>r 
llie opening of llm upper eale), a boaHlIfully wooded eminence, laid OU 
at a park, on wbich % cbapela were erecled in Ibe 16lb cent. (■ hmOoT 
of S.Francis ofAs'isl, each comoJning a scone from the lifts orilwHiit. 
Tbe 1ire-si»a flgures are compnsnd of terracotte , biEhly coloured , witk ft 
backgronml a) frescu; BB a wbrile, Ihnugh destiiuie of arllelie worii, tlM 

13ib, Igifa, and ^h cfaiipeli 
Haul and (he usembly of 

Opposite Orta rises the rooky island ofiS. Qivllo, covered with 
trees and groups of houses (boat there and baok 1 fi.; also ateamboat 
atation). The Uhiiich, founded hy St. Julius, who came from 
Oreeoe In 379 to convert the inhabitants of tlia diHtrlct to CbrlntUn- 
ity, has been frequently restored; U contains aeverai good reliefs, 
some aiiolenC frescoes, a handsome pulpit In the Romanesque style, 
and In the sacristy a Madonna by Oatidetisio Ferrari, 

On the W. bank of the lake, opposite the Island , the white 
housoa Of the village of Fella (small Cafe} peep from the midet Of 
vineyards and groves of chestnut and walnut-trees. Boat from Orta 
tn Pella 1 fr. with one rower; steamboat, see above). 

From Pella OTer the Colnia to Varsllo 5 hrs. (donkey 7, 
the Colma onl^, 31/jfr.; guliio liniieceSBary}. A Btaep path asoaiids 
the hiUto the W., (rivBising IdiarUnt gardens (vines, tigs, pamp- 
kins , and froit-treea) ; after 13 mill, we svold the aacent to tha 
right. In 1 hi. (froin PelU] we reach vtrufo, at t, smsll I'.bapcl 
beyond whlah wa must again avoid the ascent to the right; the path 
piirsnea s slTsight dlreoliou and Boon desoenda. The Pelllno, a Moun- 
tain-tATrent , desnendlng fcom the Colma, forois (5 mfn.] a plotur- 
esque waterfall. Beaotiful retroapective views of the lake. The path 
now aaeenda through a shady wood , botweeii disintegrated hlacks 
of granite wbinh crumble beneath the touch, to the Col di Colma 
(2'/2 hra. from PeilaJ, a ridge oonner.tiiig Monie Fiaigone with 
Monie QinislreUa. The prospect of the Alps la beautiful, emlirau' 
Ing Monte Uosa, the lakes of Orta and Vareee , and the plain of 
Lombardy, The whole route la attiacltve. In dEacendillg on the 
W. Bide (to the right] the traveller OTeriooks the fniitfal Vat Suia, 
with lla UBDierous villagea. The path, again trayeraing grOYei nf 
cheatnut and walnut-trees, carpeted with turf and wild-flDweia, 
row loads through the Val Duggia to (1 hr.) Cwiaaco and (t hr.] — 

V»r«ll0(I615tt. ; *Ilatia9 Poita;*CTOee Bianco, moderate; 
Fuleunt Nero), the principal village (3100 inhah.) in the vallej of 
the Seiia, a. stTesm rising on the Molite Rosa , and one of the chief 
tributaries of the Po, into which it flows beyond Oaaale (p. TO), 
but frequently dry in sunimer. A bridge with three arohea liruaaea 
the river. The old town and the Saeto Monte are very pictnreaqne 
when aeeii through the arches of the bridge. — Tha collegiate 
church contains an altai-plece representing the Nuptials of St. Ca- 
tharine by Gaadtntio ferrnri, who waa born hero in 14H4 (d. 1549 ; 
p. 511). The churches of *S. Maria doile Giazie (In thu choir), 
8. Maria dl Loreto, and S. Marco alao contain fteacoea by Ihia mas- 
ter (those In the last being of his earlier period). 

The 'flasn Xanta, ihs ohjocl u( nanierous pilgrlmaBM, rlaaa in Hb 

buried amoDE the Ireo, oonlalniDg icnaea rrom the life of'tbe Saviour, la 
terracolli, with life-die fliures arranied la groups. £aoli chapel is devoled 
to a differEnl lubJeDl; tbe lit, for example, to Ibe Fall, t&e 3nd lo Lha 
AnauneiallOD , and id on Id the Ulh , cont^nlDg tbe Eutombmanl of tlie 
Virgin. Sums of tbe freicoei by FiUegrlio TlbaHH anl OmdiHzia Ftirari 


(rim., It A 

are werlhy of inipceliop. 

IFarallD' wH funnded b; BerDardino Caloto. 
Ibe lanclion u[ Pope laooceal VIII. Aa a c«iur> ui piiKriiiu, » 
CDBis iaiD vugue unlU after tbe vjiils ut Cardinal Borromeo (p. 1071 
and ISSt, from which period wmt at Ibe ebapeli dale. 
Varallo is admirably adapted as hea4-<^Uat<eT* toi svcosAK^a 
to the neiglilwur/ng' valleys, which ate '^etv rW.ti*A"i b a.vA 6»!**«lj 
ireeaslble (nomp. Baedeker's .9uifierknd). 
AIUUU. IMj /, fiy, adit. 


CERT08A DI PA VIA. 94. Bautt. 

IB most I 

ttlng pilldtB gnd tTansveree sicades, wkile vithin theee 
deflned etiuDtuial features it enilirauee a wondeiful and Judlcionaly 
distribated weeltll g( ornament LButokhnrdtJ. Thirty of the 
distinguished Lombard niaBters from the lath to lim ITth eent. 
have had a share in its um hellish ment, the most eminent of vhom 
are : Ant. Amadeo and ^nifr- Ftuina {i5tii cent.)) Oiaeomo dctiu 
Porta and Af/oatino Buiii, surnamed 11 Bambaja (ji. 126, to whom 
the principal portal is ascribed), and Criitofora Salarl, suinamt'd 
tl Oobbo. This is unquestionably the finest decoiaCite work of the 
kind in N. Italy, although inferior to the fa^des of the catbodtala 
of Otvioto and Siena, eBpeolally as the upper part la wanting. 

The body o( the church, begun in 1396 by Marco dl Camploru 
in the Gothic Ityle, consists of i nave with aislea and H chapels, 
and is surmounted by a dome, borne by ten slender columns. The 
Interior (to which ladies are now admitted) is sumpcuonsly and 
tastefully Htted up. The handsome coloured enrichments were 
probably designed by Borgognoae , and the pavement of modern 
mosaic is also worthy of notice. 

The QaxTitM and allan an rioUl/ ndunied with valuablB eolumns 
and precioiu atones. Sod Cbape] on IliH right: tooi altar-piece In t\x 
■scKonn hf Jfaerion fAlba (1UK)| llh Chapel on (he right, CraclDxion 
by Ati^ogio Barfswui Bth Chapol on the right, St. Sirai with four 
NBinIa, by Ibe Hme. The 2iid Chapal un the left (connling rroHi the en- 
trnncs) formerly contained a piotuN by Pinwino in six Hclions, of which 
thH cenlmJ part, above, repMBsnting *Qod ite Falber, ij sloae ottglDal, 

palnlinaa by eargagnaat, Procaeetni, l?iionvH>, itiiwcW, rriipi, falliar and 
■on, and othen are or no great value. 

The traDMipt and cboir are Bepan,<ad from the real of the churoh by 
a beantilul awien otltoa and broue. &iauT TaANBcn: magnlOusnt °1Iodu- 
inenl ofGIangalsatio Viscunll, deait-ned In 1190 by Oaleatto Fiaieriia, Iid( 
executed cbiefiy bv ARUmto ila Amadeo and atacouta dtUa Parla, u>d not 
completed till 11163. Lsrt Tt^Mspt: Monamenli of I.odoviso HDro and 
bin wife 'BoalriOB d'BBlo (d. 14ST), by Criit. Solari. — The •Caoin eoo- 
■aina a One altar «itli earvine o( lbs 16tb century. The *Cboir-staIli are 
■darsed with figuMa of apustlsa and aaintt, from drawlDga by BtrgogHOni. 

The four bnndsome bronii! undnlihn In r^inl nf tham am III rjhrra 

FoHlana. The old aacrisly 

of"lureo'^(iBth ce™ ." ' 

The door to tbe right of the choir, handaomely framed in marble, 
luida lu Iba Ljivaturw, which cont^ns a richly adamed founts and 
lun the left) the JbdDnna and child In ftvMn by Btm. Inini. To (he rigbt 
of the lavatory iB a tmall burial-place. 

Tbe BiMKHiiA Knov., or Obiio«o, la entered from Ibo B. end of 
IhH trannepl: "Altai^pieco, an iBBqinirtiDn by Andria BotarK, hut the 
upper part la aald to have bssn paiDti>d by OivUa Camft of Cremona. 
0>er tbe door. Madonna enthroned, by Sari. Xmlaana: tbe aide plcturea 
by Borgoffnime, 

Tbe front part of the 'CLOianBH (della Footina) poaaesaea slender 
DUfUe columnn and cbarming deeurationi tn terrncolta. Pine view hence 
of the side of the church and the riehl Irauaepl with 

RKFKOTuai in atxi illualed here. —Around the laL„ , — . . 

back , are sllualed the 7A amall houaes Decayed. \i^ ^^le ^>e<h HmiiiA'Hk 

The btltle of Pavfa, at whioh Vranrts \. o( ¥i&ftt*, ■«»» 


164 RoutrSJ. PAVIA. Ftom 

prisoner by Lsiinoy, ■ general of Charles V., txwt pUce 
CertOBs on 24th Fob. ir)2ii. 

i'l'^ M. Pavia, jnnotioii of different ItiioB (i 

ice neitm^^ 

Omttrto, (kiMO TIHorio 

Cob per diiye Sir... per Umit li/ifr. — Omnibui (o Ibe tawD 2^0. 

Paula, with 28,100 inhab., eapital of the provinre of tho Mine 
name, sltuatud near Uie eonBDence of tlie Tlutno and the Pa, the 
Ttdnum of ibe &nRionta, mibseqiicntly Fapvl, wa« also knom u 
the CfHit di Ctnta Torri from Its aumeruus towerb, of nhtth only * 
fev still exist. In the middle ages it was the faiOiful sUy of the 
Qotman emperors, until it waa anhjugatod by the Milineae, and it 
ta stltl partly surrounded by the walls and fortillcatlons of that 
peHnii. At the Ji. end of the town ia situated the Caitlt, erected . 
by thv Visooiitl ill 1360-6S, now used as a barrack. 

Leaving the railway'Station, we enter tbe Cqrso Catodb (FI. 
A, 4) through thy Porta Borgorato or Marengo (in a wall to the 
right Is the statue of a Roman magistrate), aud following the Via 
IS. Giuseppe to tlie right roach tbe Piazza del Duomo, 

The Catheiibal (PI. 4; B, i'), rising on the site of an ancient 
ba»iHi:8, begun in actordance with a design by Bramante, and eon- 
tijiued by Criitofora Roecki in 1486, but never completed, is a vwt 
olmular stmcturo with (our arms. 

IB tbe IiriaEioR, on lbs right, it the siimptuouj 'Arra di B. AtBilino, 
adorned with 390 !lpirEB(of uloti, and nllegartcal), begun, it la napposed. 
tn 1SS2 by Sonino da OaiHpiiiHoni , by wbam tbn t1giiT«i on Ibe tocntu or 
Ib« ScaUeer funily at Verona (p. ISO) wen eieeuMd. To Ihe rigbt 
of tbe entrance 1i a wnoden modal nf tbe clinroh aa originally pnjeetcd. 

The gateway to tbe left of the ohurcb is In the late-Bomanesiine 
style. Adjoining it rUoa a massivo CauipaiillB, begun in 1583, 

We rosy now proiieed to the Cosao Virroaw EmifoBLii, a stt 
intersecting the town In a straigbt direction from N. to S., from the 
Porta dl Mllauo to tbe PorU Ticlnese , and leading 10 the covered 
Bridge (14th cent. ; a pleasant promenade with picturesque view) 
oier the Tichui, which Is here navigated by barges and steamlMats. 
A chapel stands on the bridge, halfway across. 

K. MioaKLE (_P1. T : B, S), to which the third side-street to the 
right leads (uoming from tbe bridge j, a Romanesque church errone- 
ously ascribed to the Lombard kings, belongs to the latter part of tbe 
I Itli cent., and is now undergoing restoration. The facade ia adorned 
with numerous very ancient reliefs in sandstone, in rlbban-like 
stripes, and a curious gabled gallery. The nave and'sislM a 
supported by eight pillars , from which rise double round ardit 
The short i^holr, under wMeh there is a crypt, terminates In i 
apse. Over the centre of tbe transept rises a dome. The pillars 
J or the litre be&i traces of ancient fiesDoea. The interior has lately^ 
lAeeii restored. 


la to-t^^ 

to (Jenoa. PA VIA. ?i. Route. 

TTiH IrivuUer m»y linw aacieiid thu Corso Vitt. Euiauuela 
Univbuj<ity(FI.31) B,4'), rounded In 1301 on the site of a antrool 
orisw, nhiahad BiUted liere sliiue the lOth century. The build- 
ing is much hsnilBOmeT thnii (hat of Padua ; the quadiiiigles of the 
interior are nurrounded by hindsome arcadei and emhelli«hcd wtth 
niUDecDiiB memadal-lBhleta, hnets, and monumi^ntB of Delebtated 
prjfeiMTS and students. In the fflrat oourt 1b a marble statue of the 
mitheuiatielan Antonio Bordoni ( d. 1864), In the aoeond a statue of 
Volta and three memorial reliefs of piofensors attended hy Btudeiits. 

The CorBO next leads In a N, direction, past the Tlieotre, to the 
CiulU mpntioned at p. 164 (P\. C, 3), uonlaining a handsome court 
of the 14th >:entury. 

At the back of the nnWeieity lies the Oupedale Cltiieo, and 
farthoc E., in the Contrada Canepanova the church of S. Mnriii 
IncoTonala di Cantpanana (PI. 15; C, 4^, a small doDie-eovered 
Btructuro deaigno.1 by Bramaute (1402). — Mora to the N., at the 
eomer of the Contrada del Collegio Qennantua, ia the Romanesque 
church of S. FnmctiM (PI. 8; C, 4), dating from the 14th cent., 
with alEles and choir in the pointed style. In Che vicinity stands 
the CoUe^io OhUlieTi (Fl. 16 ; C, 4), founded In 1569 by Piua V. 
(Ohislieri), a coloiaal bronze statue uf vhom has boon erected in 
the pUzia in front. On the E, side of the Piazza Ghiglleri Is the 
Itulilulo di Belle Arli, containing collections of natural history, 
antiquities, etc. 

In the GontiBdB del Oesil, to the W. of the university, to the 
right, is the Jemilf' Chureh (PI. 11 ; B, 4). — In the Contrada Ma- 
laapina ta the Caan fSalaapinii, at the entrance to the court of which 
are busts ofBoetAius and Petrarch. The inlerioT contains a small 
collection of engravinES and paintings, 

BoiUnui^ when t^ubflned beTG by Lho Emperor Theudoric, cctidpoaed hia 
work iiu the 'Consolation nt Pbllgsupby', and pBirarrA unaa npunt nn 
adtuma huro wllti blji daughter anit son-in-law. Rls graadsoa, wbo died 
at the Cau Malaaiilna, was {ateired In ttas neighbouring cbnrcli ol B. Zenu. 
A ihort poem of Felranb in allnilan (o tbli evaDl, In ill l«lln dlgllobei, 
li one of Ibc many Ingcriptlons on the wall oppoilts tbc CDtranie. 

The Contrada del Oeall terminates In the Piazza del Carmine, 
in wilch ia situated the p.hiirch of S. MaTia del Carmine (PI. bl, 
a htUk. edifice of line proportions, flanked with ohapeU, and dating 
bini I31a. 

^Q most intereEting building in the S.E. part of the town is 
the Collegio Borromea (PI. 16; C, 5, 6), with Its bcaotiful eourt, 
fcundcd by 81. Carlo Borromeo In 1563 ; the vestibule is decorated 
with frescoes by Fed. Znccari. 

Vmu P>viA TO Alessabubta yjX Valbhi* , W<h M., hy railway In 
4tH. rrareaTfr. 10, Bfr. lU, 3rr. TSc), The line crwiHB the TIctno and 

,^f^Mrfa ai 

i, and vp- 10, la, mill. 

: 95. CItEMA. 


tB, Tfr. Be). - »""« nf ite atali 

IS ItHir, bot tbil line laDrilii Ibe mc 

a ud Vernnii (on the Bmnner E»iJw»y), 

Tbe line tulBnccU the (erUle pikin wuMred bf Ibi 

Btatloiu Jfotla San Bamiiao, Bilaiojau. 
COrWstoRa the Olou U crosted. Then Mitadoh 

, , ben the Hne 

aS'/iM - ■ 

iBiniuIiitularleii IhE line In PIksdu direri 

with Ihil rrom Ptucnia to HlUn [R. SB). 


S. (p. 2*6). Ko»r rtni^fctUom, t forlifled pises, 

niiTlgaME, la CTOued. Tbin district In eonlldercu nnuEBituf, aja 

Aequateffra And Oata Tiffi/ati. 

IT M. Cnmona {soe below) 1» ■ lennlnBa, fmm wllcli the 
haeka ciut. To Trevlelln (Silin and Rereamo} aad Mantna, tee B. ffi. 

Prom Cremona lo Sriuiila tlic line prDceads ilne H., rnllowlBi 
dlrectlDD of Ibe b<Kb road. Ibrongh > Hat dlilriel. SUtlosK Olnu 
StbiKD-Piiolsviai, nbere tbe Oglia. a cunaiderable aftlnent of tbe I 

Shrn., if no delay lab 
Pioeenia, eee p. 36fl. 

From Patii TO VoOHBitA, 19 M., m s/^hr. (fsree 3 fr. 10, 2fr. 
20, 1 tr. 60o.> The train orOBses tlm TlKtno, the Po, and a small 
tributa.ry of the litter. Stations Cava Manara, Breatana, •' 

VoB/ttra, aiid journey lo Tortoiia, sco \i, Ti; Novi, and Ji 
ney to Genoa, sea p, 74. 

100 M. 

/' ; " . . , "9- Our train diverges 
here from the main line to the S.E. — 241/i M. Cnrnvaggio, birth- 
plaoe of the painter Michael Angelo Ameii^hi dn Carsvag^to (1569- 
1B09X ''"^th the pilgrim age-chaieh of the Madonna di Caraixiggio. 
— 30M. rasaletto-VapTlo. 

34ViM. Cieiiia,an induatrial town (7800i(ihah.l, and epiawpal 
resldenue, with an ancient castle. The Catlitdrat posBeBses a fine 
Romanesque facade, and contains a St. Sebastian by Vine. Civeicblo 
(at the aeoond iltar on the left). Tho charch of S. Maria dellt 
Orotic is adorned with interesting frescoes. — About % M. from 
the town standi tbe citRular cburoh o( S. Maria delta CVoce, with 
eiTeotive subaidiary buildings in bricli, built abont 1490 by Giov, 
Batt. Batlagli of Lodl. a contemporary of Brnmante. The interior, 
which ts octagonal in form, is adorned with paintings by Campi. 

40 M. CatttUeone; 4!i M. Soreiina; 50 '/v M. Catatbuttano i 
[i4'/2 M- Olmtneta ; 61 M. Crfmonn, the atatinn'ot which is outside 
cAe Porta Milanese. 

OremonA. — Sole q-Oku (PI. a) , nTM.1^ v?\, \>^. ^'iV^ mftfantw. 

>Oavpiu.o (Fl. 0). — Cab not drive '/ifr-v f"''/ 

R\h lir. >kb. 
Crtmona, Ihs capital of a province and an aplscopsl see, with 
,26,SO0 inhftb. , Ues in a fertile plain on the left bank of the Po. The 
fl^ttionB atreetB and piazzas bear teBtlmoay to ite anrient importance. 
t6b QPiBloal town was wrested by IbQ Kom»ns from Ibe QaJlic Cono- 
■M> and coloniMd by Ibem at Tartoui nerliidB, tbe Brat of wblch wai 
at Ac begliinlBg of the second i-nnia war (B.C. 218). It luffered uri- 
— Ilj daring the civil vrars, and wae several tlmaa reduced to rulni, bui 

Vine AbUuK, u mii aa'^lhe Subsequent Bondfnts' between Ouelphl 
' Obilwllines, oocuiuaed great damage lo_lhe Iowd. ^Cremona espoused 

■galnil JUIan 

It biia prlsinu 

wen AMr. and AM. Amali (109(1-16%), the two Ounrrwri (t&S2-a) and 
i7t7-»0), and BlradivaH (1670-1738). 

. Crotnona wai Iba birllipiace o( SafaiiMt Anfaiiola (1535-1838), wbu, 
Bke ber flvc nlfle™, practised Ihoarl ilf palBllng, and was highly aileemed 
by Iknr oonteiaporaneB. She aftervfards retired lo Genoa, atid even In her 
Iild age attraclei) Ibe admiration of Van Dyek. In Ihe leib cent. CreiDona 
fioaaesied a school of art. of Its owa, which appears ti> bavs been inBueneed 
Vy ButnanlnD eipeclally, and also by OIdUo Bnmano, 

In the PiAzrjl GaAMuB {F\. F, 4) rises tlie Torrosto, a tower 
397 ft. in height, eaid to be the loftiosl; In Italy, erected in 1261- 
84, connected with the cathedral hy > oeriea of loggio. The snm- 
mit commands an eitenaive prospect. — Oppoaite tlie tower is 
the Oofliio *Falaao Pubblleo (Pl. 12') of 1245 [reatored), containing 
s few pictures hy masters of the Cremona Eohool, and a richly 
dewirated chimney-piece in raaiblo by Q. C. Pedant {itfS'X). Ad- 
jacent is the 'PaloMO de* OtttrtconmUi, of 1292, now a achool. 

The •CalftedroifPl.S; F, 4"), of 1107. in the Germ nn-Lomb«rd 
ityln, has a rioh fa(^de embellislied with columna. 

ith Its ainlos and IraniH 

pt, also flanked with aisles. 

Is coveted wJth fceK 

of Cremona, sucb as 

taaarona (UWO), [alber i 

, ui the later maaler. 

Canipi, JlluMIs, Sen 

Mo. and ffolU. On Ibe le 

] : above Iha Ural four 

SFDhes of the oaie. 

aooMottao Mi BHa; Lif 

e of 

ho Vlfiln. doDlcted In 

h, BiiHl/ami Biwto, Th 

IbeTemiHe; beyond 


I'llghl into Kgypl, and 


caca'nD, Cbrisl teaching 

Right wall, above the arehei: .illli^sUo. Last 

feel of the Di>oI|iIes 

Christ on Ibe Monnl of 


s, Christ taken by the 

»oldIer>, Christ bet 

re CnUDha*. above the 

rch. CHitii/ara Mtnlli 

r«mo»..f, Christ led out lo"b« i^TWlied, 8m 


gofChrlet; Bib areh. 

toward! t\iB facade. 

Thnms, Eece Homoi 

the last three arches, 

•F«ri,nmt; Ibree celeb 


Passion Scene., Christ 

before Pilate, Ctrl. 

and Veronica, Chriai a 


to the Cross. Oq Ihe 

boot wall are a Co 

nana] CruelDiIua and enlomb 

The two pulpiti are 
bom an old allar, a 

embelllihed with Impori 


mbardic reliefs, taken 

In the vicinity 

»nd the Cmpo Santo (PI. 2"), with 


ua to4 -ifivi MwSfii*. J 

168 Uuvtc 25, CEEMONA. 

mossius; siuoiig thette are llemuloa and Nesaiia; Ftety 

Ocnelty; Fslth tearing out tbe tongue of Dlarord, otc. fentmiM 

M tbe right of the uthedral , No. 10). 

From the Palmio Pubbllco to the W. the Coiitrada Arilierti 
leads to the Palaao Beale (^fonaerly j41a di Potuone), which cantslns 
uataral history and other collectiona, a cabinet of ooius, and a few 
plelures (open daily 9-3 , except Sundays). Parther up the Corm 
Vittorio Emanucle, In the SB«ind erOEB-Btroet to the left, is the 
richly painted chnrch of 5. Pidro al Fb (PI. 10 ; D, E, 5), daeigned 
by Ripari in 1549-70, and containing plrtuiea by Ant. Campi, Bern. 
Ontti, and others. — Wo then return by tlie Controda Bssaa to 
S. Agoatino t Giaaomo in Braidn. (PI. 6; D, 3) of the Ulh cent,, 
with paintings by Pentgitvi (6tb chapel on the right, 'Madonna 
and two saints, 1494) and Qaltatao Cmnfi. 

Wb next walk through the Contrada S. Margherita (psallng on 
the right the small chnrch of that ttame, built and enihellisbed 
with paintings by Olulfo Cnmpf) to the Pimza Oabibaldi (PI. C, 
D, 2) with the church of S. A^alii (PI. 5 ; uhoiradorued with earlier 
and better frescoes by Giuiio Cnmpi), whenve the Corao dl Porta 
Milano leads in a N.W. direction to the gate of that name and to 
the Btstion. 

Among the nuoieroua handsome palacea of Cremona may be 
mentioned the Pal. 8. Seeotido, the Falasso Crotli (formerly Bat- 
mondf), containing sculptures by Pedone , the Ful. Stimua a S. 
VUeBiO, and the Falasio Dati (now part of the largo hoBpital), 
with its flne court and staircaae. 

About I'/i M- to 11" E. of the town, 

nol f«- fr.,m lliB Hanlua road. 

treaccM and plcturu by Cm,^ 

Ular-pi«o« by Oiulia Comfi. ». 

reBBntins Ihfl Hadimaa wllh lainla, and li 

Blow, FniMieaDO Stof.a and hU 

Uie vUlage uf Lt Torri Ilea tha 

D Bbkbcu OB Pavia, nee p. 166. 

Fiuu CiiHONi TO PiACEHiA. (diligence daily in 6 bts.]. rne niad int«r- 

s«eU the plain on Iha right bank of Ihe Pa, after having crcused the rivit 

with iU nomscoui Islandg, and leads by JtfMlicflli. a. Ifatiara, and OaBfto, 

tavHa «e croos lbs Wart and eonn reach Flacinza (p. 916) to the W. 

66 M. vmetta-lHalagnino; 70 M. Oatto nui Fieoe S.Oiaeotnoi 
76 M. Torre de' Pkenardi; 79 M. Piadenai 81 M. Bdjbo/o , with 
4400 inhab. and an old castle belonging to the Gotizaga family. 
Before leaohlng (SB M.) Maraaria, a town with 3800 inhab., the 
train crosaea the Ogtio. — 93'/, M. Caitelluechlo. 

About 2Vi H. to tbe G. of Oatlcllnccbln, and b H. (Fnin Hanlnn. la 
ailnated the church of S. Maria deltt Oraiii, fnnnded in 1399, a fanona 

the fOnnofllfe-fiie^Beuresin wax, bearins the nam ea of 'Charloa V, 'Fei- 
dinand T, 'Pope Fiui II'. the 'Conndtablo de Bourbon', and othera. Alao 

* lie (rain now crosses the Minclo. — 100 M. Mantva, spb 


I ii,i fill |I|i 1? iii. 

26, From Milan to Bergamo, 

MItnn, Bee p. 116. — 7 M. Limito; I'l M. Melzo. At (IS M.) 
nana, a coiigiileribla village, wtlh a uiinibei of palatial looking 
iseg, ihe train uroasBS the lilue Adda. '20 M. Treoiglto (branch- 
a to Cremona, see It. 23; dlTsiit lino to Yeroiia. see p. 171). 
26 M. Vtnltllo; 32i/j M. Bergamo. 

BeTguno. — Hotelm. "ALHSau d'Itilia, R. from 3, B. !■/: 

the republic ot Veiiinc from 1428 to 1797, is now a proyiiickl 
capiul with 36,000 inhab., and one ofthebuBlest of the smalU>r 
trading and mauuraatnrlDg towns in Italf. The ouee Tar-famed fail 
[Fiers di S. Alesasiidro, lagtiitg &oni thn middle of August to the 
middle of Srptombtr) has now lost Its importance. The town unn~ 
elsti of two distinct parts, the old and the new. The Nkw Town 
(Batyo 8. Leottordo and Borgo S. Tomato), with its woollen, silk, 
and nthpr monutactorios, the Corso, the interesting piazr.a whore 
the fair is held, the now Ptefettura, and a recently conipletdd 
Protestant ohorch, lies in the plain. 

The Old Town [Cittft), beautifully situated on the hills and 
, uoiitalniiigniatiy interesting houses of thR early and late RotiaiBwrnce, 
is connected with the lower town by the Straila Vittorio Emannele. 
The Froineniide afFords a flue view of the richly cultivated plain 
■lid the beautiful amphitheatre Formed by the BurrDiiiidine 
nianutaliia, particularly thoee to [he N.l^. Tbe r'aillc [Pi. A, 1), 
rieing on the hill to the N.W. above the town, commands a still 
( U liar prospect. 

In Ihe market-place (I'/f M. from the railway-station), now 
the Phata Bardaldi. is situih^d Che PaUiszti Nuovo (Tl, 8; U, 1), 
the seat of the munloipal authurltiee , erected in the Reuaiasance 
Btyle by ScMnoMi, but unfinished. Opposite to it is the library in 
the Gothic Putasio Vecciio , or BrofcHo , the ground-lloor of whioli 
consists of ail open ball supported by pillars and columns. Near it 
■re the Monument of Torqualo Tagio (whose father Bemardii was 
horn at Bergamo In 1493), and a handsome fountain. 

At the back of the Broletto rises the church of B MulAXagKioTfl 
(PI. 6; B, C, 2, 3), erected in il73intheRorai ty wi h 

anoteiit portals supported by liens on Ihe N. and d A 
ing Ihe N. portal is the rich Renaissance facade 
the CoUeonl. 

ine 'Carved work cm Ibe uboic.alall> by tlie BcigsDui 
t Ca/m farmla, «nrf sdinlrohlc InWd wood ynlataiil b I 
^Itarcli alio eonltiaa Ibe in(iniioient ot Uie sole\n»Wfl. 

of Dtrpimo (4, 1818), bj Ftac FelB, Mid, oppoille, thmt ol bwl 
Oim. Mmitw Xaur (d. l6tS). — The ta^Bils ot (he adjoining -Q 
QbUmidI (ihown by the HenwUoo of the chnroh), In thaearl; Beni 

The adjutnlng Calkedral (PI. C, 2, 3~) »h5 built from the designs 
of C. Fonlann In the Beeond hslf Of the 17th ceut., on the BitB of 
an earllei ediflr^. At the first altar to the left Is & Midonns lUA 
saints by 0. B, Moroni, a papil of Maielto; the choir contUns > 
Hsdonna hy Savotdo, The adjacent BaptitUry, a Renaissance 
stnifltute, la best viewed from the passage leading to tlie sacTlsty, 
in which are three plctaces by Lorenao Z:ol(o. 

On the slope of the hill, in the stieot lesdlng to the lower town, 
is sitn&ted the Aooadomia Carrara (PI. 11 ; E, 2). a school of ait 
oontaining a plotuTe-gilJery (Phtaeoteca Lochis; open to the pobiic 
dilly from SOth Aug. to ISth Sept. ; during the rest of the year on 
the 1st Son. and 3rd ThuTe. of each month; sbown at other 
times on application to the custodian). 

I. Roou: i. GUm. Bellini, Fietii 19. Cosine Tura, Uadonaa; 28. F(- 
laiquit, Portr^t. — II, B.: Gfl. Flff. Carpaixb, Birtli uf tbB Tii^^: It. 
Lmndn Aauano, Honk ortjiag; 95. Jtortllo, Holy Family; ST. AWta 
ViTonat, SI. CbiistiDi; IS. OrtUa, St. ChFiitopheT. — 111. B.: 200. Jfoa- 
ifis m, BenuTijiilJoBi 2iB. Barl. nmriFil, Hadnniu; XU. Biuoai, Pur- 
■■ 1. Qiro<o, AdoratioB of the Magii 218. HMrafllo, Midornla; 311. 

M>ftoiinaiaiO. O--- "-" — 

Portralli 1«. Ofrolow 

adonna; 192. Unnli^a, Porlisi', iiUlewark; 
. Giorgionc O probably nf RotD&nino'a sohool), 
ImUcnc, Madonna and »aLnMi 168, .Smnr- 
Hi, ddonlion nf lie InfiiDt Chrlat, paiBlcd 
enllclne and dainty piulareB uf llle loaaMc, 

C.)i Ue. A. PreMaU, Madonna. __ 
e Magdalene ud IiiliB tlie Baptiat; 

OaltAiine and 91. StepbeDi 128. Cna (7), 8Ii kbIdU; 'iki Barhail m! IK. 
Sebaatlan (with clothi^i, contrary to Ibe Iradltion) ; tVlslnlsnatine ptalnrc 
is lopposfd lo he an rarly work of Baphael. but ii mors probshly by 
AurfMo di B. morgia, ■ papll of Pemglno; lU. Fr. Franda. Raari» ot 
Ibe Crmai '106. Oarir, Sume I'abject in gruaUle, witb ligbla In wUlc. — 
GittltnU Oa«B»ba; I. K.; Inrfiflerent pictures. — O.R.t 222. lor. LbIH, 
MarrinsG of 81. Oalharinei 21)1. Bonlfacta, ThB Magi. — IC. R., on the 
rtehl: aar. a. Paluauata, Presentation in Ihe Tempic; 128, PrtaiUaH, Ul- 
donnai=18T. JfoBUijao, Msdonna. In the last Boom: Brormao, L»t Snppar. 
The eminent painter Lorento Lotto (b. after 1480.; d. at Loteto 
15114], whoso style in olosely analogons to that of the Venetian 
school, was probably a natita of Bergamo. Good eiamples of bie 
norlis are possessed by the nhnrchen nf S, Bentradino (high oltar- 
p/eae aftmf), S. Bartolommeo (In tlie r.hoii, 1500), S. MicheU 
.irvaofieio or JPOtso Bianco (VlaiUtioD, tiewiQ a^'id l^Q&aiit«L*, 

aleo conCaiDB a T&lniblB painting by tMs mastei. 


Fbou Lecco to Bkbscu vu Bbxqamo. 

SIM, RAiLwtT ID 9-3'/tbrI,; (BiesSfr. 30, Gfr. W. 4fi _. 

Leeeo, see p. U5. — 4 M. CotoWo, see p. 135^ 9 M. Citaao 
14 H. Mapttlo; IH M. i^nle 5. Pietrn, with a tsaCeful nliiircti and 
SI) old Rsstle. The train now nrosees the Brembo, whkh leeaes 
from tbe Valle Brembsiia. — M'/i M. Bergamo. — Near (25 H.) 
Serial;, the £i;r(o la oroBBed. 28 M. Bortagl); 31Va M. drumeUu, 
heyonil whieh the Ofllo, dseci^nding from the Lsgo il'lseo, ignmsned. 

— 34 M. Pataaolo, where a braneli-line diverges to Paratlno 
(ji. 177). Picturesque glimpse of the village tn the valley to tho 
left with ita slender tonera. — 39 M. Coccaglio, with tlie monastery 
of Mont' Orfana on a !ioi);hti 40 M. Bovalo; 44 M. OtpUaltUo. 

— 51 M. BreMia, see p, 173. 

S7. Prom Milan to Verona. 

fli M. BArLH-Ai In l'/r5i/] bra.i fsro" ITfr, 10, ISfr. 5, 8fr. 80e. . 

From Milan to (20 M.l Tremglio, junction tor tbe lines to Ol 
moiia (p. 16fi) and Beigamo (p. 169), Bee p. 169. — 23 M. Viia^ 
lengu. Beyond C^s'/j M.) Wornti^o, the tialn croaien tbe Serlu, ■ 
tribnUry of tbe Adda. 'iSH. Bomano; 3,1M. Catcio. The Offiio, 
which iasiieB from the Lago d'lBeo, is now OTOsaed. 36l/a M. Chlari, 

Mand indaaEriouB town of 9500 Inhab., with a library. 40 U 

■iilo, juoetloii of the Bergamo and Brescia line deeraibad al 
44 M. Ospltalttto. 

fil M. Bnicia, see p. 172. 

The alopea near Brescia are aprlnbled with Tlllas. — 5Bl/a ICW, 
Retsalo, beyond whleh tho ClUtie Is eroaaed ; 62 M. Ponti S. ftfareo. 
Beyond (66 M.) Lenalo & abort tunnel and a long catting. 

A long vladuot now carriea the line to (B8 M.) Daieastmo (p. 
IBO). The train aftbrds an admirable survey of Che Lago dl Garda 
Slid the peninsula of Sermione (p. 180). 

In tbia dlilrict, entcadlng from the buakl of the Uko to ■ polnl 
luiiuldBnbly brfond Otiiaimlo (on the road (nin Rrenofa In HaDUia), lbs 
-srceiy conlBMca BUTLK DP aowaunto wm Inngbt .in HIH June, 18&8, 
nween Ihe nniled French and lUUaa armtEa and tho Aualrian". Th« 

: I9t|. Tho vUlsae "uf 'aoV'^^"' II™. e»ud''reA°wine; gai'lcal lie' im 

771/3 M. PaKhiera (station 3/4 M. from the town, enmp. p. 183\ 
with 2600 inhab., lies at tho S.E. end of the Lago dl Oarda , at 
the efflux of the Mlnelo, nhieh the train croasiis. On^/^'t.%».<t. 
1848, the place was taken by the PledmontcM ».ft«t » TJii™*. 
■ ■■lice by Ibe Austrfsij Ooiieral Ral\ (_d. ift&T.'^. 

80'/3 M. Ctuttinuma ; 85 M. Somma-Campa;_ 
cia (to the right a uiiipauile covered with nine}, s villtge i>r]llc1i 
waa gallAiitly dereDdcd by Iho lOlh Austrian Ma batlalioii lu 
1848. 92 M. Icronu Porta Nuova. 94 M. Vavna, s 

, s« p. 1 
\a (516 1 

■ by CremoDa to P»»ia, see y. lG6i tu Bei^i 

). tTl; to Verona and Id Milan, lea p. ITl. 
)16 ft.), tho iiioiont Bririrj, which was BOnquated by 
the Qsnh and afterwards becume a Itoman colony, vied with Milan 
at the beginning of the 16th cent, as one of the wealthiest cities 
of Lombardy, but Iti liilS was sacked and burned by the French 
under Gaston do Foix, after an obBtinata defanee. Five years 
later It waa restored to the daminlnns of Venice, to which it 
belonged till 1797, but it has never recovered its ancient inipor- 
tanee. On 1st AprU, 1B49, the town was bombarded and takeii by 
the Austriana under Haynau , and some of the buildinga still bear 
traces of damage done en that occasion. 

Brescia la boautifutly sitnated at the foot of the Alps, and its 
Tiiimeruns fonntains of limpid water lend it an ndditional chaim. 
It is now a manufacturing place with 35,500 inhab., the capital of 
a prcvluee, and the realdenue of a blahop. Iron wares, and partic- 
ularly woapona Qienco 'Bresoia armata') form tha staple cc 
modities, and a considerable nombei of the Urearma nsed by the 
Italian army are made here. The woollen, linen, and silk manu 
factoriBB nro also worthy of mention. 

BrGS<:iii occiii))^ a vlau of no lUtlo imEiorUnce in the hi>lAry <.f hi 
fn,m havint ei'cn hirth W Alrssanueo Buimv.ciH.i, juraamed IlMokkii. 

baytmd hl> natlva place, and BreKla in thenfore abundantly Klored ' 
bla worka. The eturcbei buie (ancb aa S. Clsmenls, p. 1TB) diiplaj 

: ifj) 


. (p. lU). B. S, 

aantemnOTBiT al BnoDvlclna, was Oirol, Annanfna (14B5-1568). — Braacla 
Ao coatslBt soVBMl InlweWing antiiiuWiEa ip, lltiV 
Froai the atatfon the town is entoTed »4 \te^."* . tomm^iiftui 

33=SS£&=;sEac3a 33 S2S^ 


BfoIeKn. BBERCrA. 38. Routt. 

I Forta S. Nnsnro (PI. A,6)i whence ihe Corio VitioTla Emanuelt 
"'.E. M the PUzia Veachia anil the Piaiia del Duomo. 

Tha *IhioiDO ITnoTo ( PI. & ; 0, 4J, or aplecopil imthedral, begun 
I in IW by Latlnnuo Oambara (hut Ihe dome not fliisHy mnipletod 
I tlU i^iS), is one of the beet chucaheB of its period. 

DmoBOii. Bj the Brat plUir cm tlie riiht is Ibe lurge "Monument of I 

BiAhop Vivn (d. IB31), with gronps in merble end » relief by Monti at 
BaTBRiw; bj Ibe Biat pUlar on the lafl Itae mnnnmnBl ol Biabop Ferrari. ' 

,* Tb« second klU.r on the right Is adornad wltb modem elatuei in marble 
I W Fnitb by SelaroiH, apt Hope, liy fflimmieK, anil n modern painfing, 
b iClirial lio»liiig the sict, by OrtgnMH. Ibea (3rd illar on the rigbl) a 
E ivcophkEiia witli smaJl 'Hieh-rellufa, dale nhniil IfiUO, containing 'OirroiV 
T D. D. Apilloali et Ptiliuin; truisferrod hither in 1B74 from ilH eryul of 
I the old cathoilral. — Higb nltur-pieee an Aaiumplion liy ZobeU, deifgned 
F by Cmco. In the dome Ihe four Bvangelista, Mgh reliefs in marblii. 

PiBsIng through a door betwesil the 2nd and Srd altsi, we 
iJeaBend by 25 steps to the Duomo Veccklo fPl. 6 ; D, 4), ganenlly 
caUed La Eotondk, Eitnated on the low ground (o the S. of the 
Dnomo Nuo^o (shown by the saoriatan of the now oathedral wlio I 

livQs at Ihe back of the choir of the lattery This raaBaire atmcture 
is oiroular, as its name imports, with a passage round it, surmount- | 

ed by a dome , and resting on eight short pilUra in the interior. l 

The subettuctuTe is very andeni (9th cent.}, while the doma sud 
(cupola (Rouianesque) date from the 12th centnry. The tranaept 
and iihoii with lateral chapels at the back were added at a very ' 

early period. On both sides of the pnlplt are statues by Alttsandro 
VittOTia. At tha second alUr on the tight ia iho inouumetit of , 

Bishop Lambettino (d. 1349} with reliefs. Altar-piece, an 'As- 
Bumptlou by Mb«t(o (IMG). — Below the dome la the crypt, or 
BaiUioa di S. Fllastro, supported by 42 columns. 

Opposite the E. aide of the Dnomo Nuovii is the entrance to ' 

the "BibliDtBoa qaiiimanft (^BiblioUea Comunale, PI. 19 *, D, 4 { fee 
'/!! fr-], comprising 40,000 vols. , bequeathed to the town in 1750 
by Cardinal Quiriai. Seieral enriositiea are preserved in a sep- 
arate oabiiiBt. (Admission dally, except Wpd. and Snnd., 11-3, in 
winter 10-3; Tuetition ftom 24th Dec. to Ist Jan. and from lat 
Oct. to 2nd Nov. ; closed on high festivals, and during the carnival.) 

A Book ot tbe OoBpeU of the 9Mi eenl. with gold lell«n on pnrpla I 

vellumi a Konn in 11 vols., adnraed with mlnialnrcs and gilding; a 
■Orona i ft. in height f»M. Ifagna), of goli, decoraWd with jam. of 
differeDt periode (Pecuns. Kympbe, UuBea), and pnrlTallfl of tbc Kmpresa 
Gain PlacldiH and her nbildTen Hanoria and Valentinien til., nwemblins 

manablp of lh« 8lA century. Tbc LipianaUca, earred in ivory, a urosa 

composed of Ibe aides of an aneienl reliquary, with icripltira] aoensa, of 1 
Ihe lib ur Sfb Benlury. The DilUa CbiMnitao, carved In Ivory, presented 

by Pups Fenl II., and other diplycha (ivory tablets with rcltota). An uld | 

Book nf the Ooapets, and a Harninn; of the (iospels by EusebiuB (iOlli i 
eenl. I, with minialnress a MS. ot Danli on parehmenl, with Tntai*LvHMi\ 

a rurari^ nf 14T0 with variooa illaaltalVona ('Ptlrurca JUnruWi »A I 

.written annoIafiDMi a />iniU with notes, printed nl Bitsifti \iv \l«\ - J 
The £roletto (PI. 2; D, 3}, adjoining tV ca'avfeitiA nw ««.>s '^ - ' J 

1 74 Bctile 28. BRESCIA. 

ia a msaslm and spacious building of the 12th c 
afterwards so muoli altered that its original foaa lias 
entirely obliterated. It was anciently tha soat of the miinlclpal 
antborltleB , and now contains the uourte of JusdcB. Part of It is 
need as a prison. The catDpariUe on the S. side , called La Totvt 
del Popoto , belongs to the original edifice. — A well preserred 
fragment of Gothic acehitecture in the street ascending hence, with 
circular windowB and brick monldlngs, la also iritsreatlng. 

To the W. , not far from tho Broletln, eitends the inteiestinx 
Puz»\'bcdhu, in which rises the *pBlm»o Commikla (PI. 16; 
C, 3), iiBoally called Lb. LDgeia, the town-hall of Breacia, erected by 
Formtntont of Brescia in 1508 on the ruins of a temple of Vulcan, 
with a 'putt*' frieio by Jaeopo Sutuovino and window mouldings by 
Falladie, of tha latter half of the IBtb century. The interioT was 
half dostroyed by a Are in 1575. The exterior of this imposing 
Btmctore is almost overladen with euriohmentB. On the ground 
floor Is a deep hall resting on colimins; lit front are jiillara with 
oalumiiB in tho wall. In tb« angles of the aichea U a aeries of 
busta nf Roman emperors as medallions. The upper Boor recedes 
considerably. The handsome adjacent bailding on the right, the 
Arehivio t Camera Notariit, is probably also by Fonuenlone. (Tbo 
traveller should walk round the whole building,) 

On the opposite side of the Piaiia, aboTo tho arcadi', tisBs the 
Tone dell' Oiologio, or clock-tower, with a large dial marking tlw 
hours accordlog to the Italian computation (twlou 1 to 12j. The 
boll Is struck by two iron Uguras as at Vonioo (p. 225). — To the 
left rises a Afonumcnf, erected by Victor Emmanuel in 1864 to 
the natives of Brescia who fell during the gallant defence of thair 
town against the AuBtrians in the Insurrection of 1840. — The third 
Bide of the piazza is occupied by the Mnnlt di Pielft (formerly tha 
Prigioni), a plain Bonaiesance building with a handsome loggia. 

Not &r from the Piazza Veechia is the church of *B. GloTMUi 
Eruigallsta (PI. 11; C| B), containing several admirable pict 

"■ ■ ■ ■■eriehl. 3rd All ar; -Jfor^ilo, Mmsaore of like 

tunaloly damaeed br retuusblng. — At (ba next Altar: °Oim. BtlH»i, 
Pletiii UK fraicoeB on the light are by MariM (yoalhfnl wniks of U21. 
shnw^e tha inQnEnceuf Buphaol); Colleuling tba mnnna, Blijab, ths Laft 
finpper. Ivo Evaocellatg . and oropheta above; Ihoie on tbe left ar« by 
Bi>mmiao! Bailing of l.aKaniEi, Sary Magdalene before Chrlit, Lba 8wir*- 

Nupllala of Uary, freoly Iroaled. In Ibe Battisleio: 'Francesco pTmclt\ 
Proceeding to the E. from the Piazza Vecchla, and straight 
post the N. side of tho Brolctto, we come to a small piazza, i 
the left in which is the entrauoo to the •Kuseo Patrio (PI. !7 
S. 3; sfiow/i dsily, 10-3, in aummui W-4, on ^i-imeM of a foe of 
Or,. ; open to (he pnblii". free oti tlic fttMti\ii\>\»^ii\i'BB'fti»i™.xV 

GalUria Toalo. BBESCIA. 

oil tach Sun. nnil Thors, in AuijOBt; visitors knocl: at tho door), 
eet&blished i[i i> Corinthian temple of Hercules (?), wbich was ex- 
CBTsted In 1823, The temple, whloh, accoTdiug to InsoTlptlons, naa 
ectictod by VespiuriBii in A.D. 7'2 (Tanpio di Vtspaaiano), bMiiiIs on 
s lofty snbatmctuie with a projecting eolonnada often eolunmssnd 
tniir piUatB to vhich the steps aeeend. The substructions, portions 
of the steps, and the baaea and parts of the shafts of the columns, 
in vhite marble, are Bllll well preserved. The Cella conalats of 
three sections, ear.h of which was dedicated to a different god (per- 
haps Japiter, Juno, and MiuervaJ. 

Ths jsTemgat of tba Fbiioipai. Hall liu been realored willi Iha aid 

Bj lb« walla aiB alUn and Romin InscripUona from llie pmvlnus. Ibp 
Rook on the rigbl cuntuaq wedlieval and olber cuiloeitlee, ornaneiila, 
the moaumanl uf Count Piligliano, wsapona, medolB (Iboso of 1h. Napo- 

Bne HUlne of "VictoHt, excavated tn 1826, a brnoie fiEan aboai s'fl. in 
taeiglit, wilb a BUrer-plitfid wreatb ot laoie] round her buad, a (realored) 

medaJa, ornamenln, buata in fUded brcinie, fragtnentB of a culosaal flours 
from a leinpJe, portiooi of aarcopbae!, decorated breastplate of a home, etc. 
The street opposite the musenm deaoends to a small platia, 
from vhich a atreel lo the left leads to S. Clemente. ReniMiis of an 
ancient edifice are built into the wall of the houao No. 285 in the 

8. Clemanta (PI. 20; E,4) is a aniali church containing the 
tomb of MoTctto (p. 172; immediatbly to the left) and five of his 

On the right. 3nd ollsc, B8. Cceitia Barliara, Aenel, Agalba, and 

an attmatlTe air (C. * C.J. On He left, lit attar, 81. I'ranlBi 2na altar. 
St. Jerome pra;in^| Srd altar. Abrabaio and Helcblaedoeb, bulb spoiled 
by reloucbing. >Higb altar-piece, Uadnana with at. Clement and other 
saints, peenlfnrly arranged. 

The *OftllBTia Toaio (or Pmacoteea Municipale, PI. 21 ; E, 4 ), 
situated a little to tho S. of S. Clpuieiite, In the Gontrada TobIo, 
(juarttere VIII., No. f)tl6 (admiasiaii same as tn the Musl'd Patrlo, 
BBH »ho»e), bequeathed with the palaco to the tawn by touiit Toalo, 
contains a number of ancient and modern pictures ,' drawings , en- 
graTingi«, madam Hculpturea, etc. in a series of a small apartments. 
The most valuable of its contents are a number of paititliigs by 
MoreltB (p. 172). 

«rti''buM of'tlSiteoby J((mH; copien of Caawa's cul.wsi ■ " " ■" 

and Napok'on, by Gmietfli Moratia fBuen^anB] , Virgl 

ioorl. "^ 

fium Ifae chnTch of 

yiaiT Ftooa. In tlie a „ . 

drawjsi^, tad /rescue) by Bomaninn. HaadanniB \ti\b.U tcsA\vi«,- 

*"" MU ^^.^. 


, The DU- 

lUM : t. MoiAbtUa, PreHnlBlion In the Templsi i. XbtoM Cpopll 
),Funr]ilt (1580)1 *10- i-o'- i-«U'\ Nitlvlly, -n gome, UHpluuike 
wbich is dlgaifled by Ibe ouLlcnua ol Ihi aagolto fi ' '" 

Smmmj: — •'rho'pletufo !< uf »d6^ W8... ._. 
(DilllDi wllh ln>ca In wlilvb tnim is leu strlkiDg for BelHUon 
(■stnrSB. A vBT] di'clclsd rcullsllc leellne prevsilB in the nat- 
tnre 0( Ihe movcmenlji "nfl eiprcsaluns. whlth hue Ihe (Irong 
hlfnnTMd hlunlnes? nf oiiddlo ur poor olua life. . . . BOMllii 
give Ihe aarlout, whose face tt rE»lly nul above Lhe coiuiaB, 

[iu(shl\ — C 

SolT Family (sadly damacedli 18. 
" Mi, Ohrbt 1-"- "-- ■ 

g( IhOFiu and iligmata, leactainit iijXb}<, 31. Ana. Carraai, St. Fianriei 

St. Caan da Salt (I), Touthtnl CliriBl. — The uibineU oo!— '- ' 

eating engiaTingi, old woodculi, and dTaoingB (A. DUnri- — In I 
a bast DtBlsDDora d'EBl«, by Canma; Anyiiagt; In tbe ndjaa 

IV.auuH : Uodisin pUturna'. — V. Rmu:' BannH, ailvia, slalni 
from -Itiuo. — VI. fiuOHt II, 19. Jfiui. d-AiegUe, Landioapei 
0H4FBL a itotue of tbo ymilhfnl Saviour, by MarchitL — ^ 
-1. Day, -3. Nigbl, by TbanaUim. — IX. Kooa. SculpluruB: 
chiM, Danle'B Beatnne; 3. Baruiii, Sapphii; i. Franrcicktllt 
Ttmdartl^ii, Kather; Okerarda of Oiiial, Sacrtlloe of laaae; Oo 
rjoroaHififlJ, Genius nfmmlci °8. WomuWiw, (Jsnymedei 9. 
Boy frayins. — The olher rooms ci.nlain modern pielnr,;.. 

8. ISta. (PI. 1; E, 5), sitnsted in tho street leading fi 
the Huaen Pntrio , was Bmoted In 1580 oil the site of » temple of 
Saturn, but has been entirely niodemised. 

' ' " the Tight, Bagaadort, KallTlly of Haryi 2nd allar, Awia. 

t, b7 lAlin^u'' a. Carlo, and loaoy otbur anlnta, a eoiifneed otoi 
iiw, sll of Ihe asms alae. High altar-piece, by Titttartlln, Aaceniti 
which Ibe blue uf lhe aky it Ihe predomlnnul colour. Over the K. 
'Titian, Chrial and Ihe ndullcresa (gsDorally eovered). Over U 
allani: Alaiandro Uasania, Christ In the houne of Sunon (he Fbai 
'P. r«-oiieM, Marljrdom of Si. Afta (in the forcgruima, among lb 
beadBd martyra, la lhe head nf the painter); J^Ima Sioiini, Brc 

fl. Hmeuo s Oelio (_ei. 13; B, 5), near the gmte leading to the 
rail way-ata lion, eiented In 1780, oontsinB aeii^ral good piotures. 

•High altar-piece by TiUait, In Ave saotiuos, lhe BeanrreelioD bein 
Ihe principal aubjeel, on the right SI. SobaHtian, on the left SI. Nsaari 
and St. Oelaui with (lie pnrtrall of Avnrolda, the donor of the piitnrsi 
above Iheu the Aanunciallon (1022). Thla work waa delivered in 1199, 

I"*;. * C). Over the jnd allar on Ihe left, °Corunallun of the Virgin, with 
S3. Michael, Joseph, Hlobnloa, and Franiia belnn', by Marillo (iSU): ^ '' 

charaoli'risllc faEea. Ihii altar-piece is the very besi uf Its kind, enld per 
Juw la >iilver-giBv aurfauB but lull urbHghthanDany and ealour'fC. •»<;■;■ 
Orer IbB 3rd altar on Ibe right, Asoeartmi ol tlwlW (tMtU f - ■- 
aJiar OB Ibe left, Wativily, vrllh S. Kai*™ an* a. t>;\su, »iv 

EdonrL J 
gin, B. 


idoiMirBeoli(P1.22; B, 5], iioarS, Nai'.ntp, a 
I'.hiirch with four domes Hiid rinhly dErortted fsfsde in tbe 
imiw style , was erpcted ot the end otthe 15th cent 
ID tho right, t'MidonnB md Child , with 6t. NlohoUs, by 
■o fl5391, a work of a roOBt pleasing and besutiful nature, 
exhibiting the teuhnicul powere of the master at their highest. 
8. Hula dsna Brwle tPl. "a; A, V\, now the Porta S. Oio- 
innl, nonlaiiiB two good works by Morttta: over the 4t1i altar on 
the right 8t. Antony of Padua and St. Antonlns the Ilermlt, aiid 
over the high altar a Nalivit)' of Christ. — Another flna work by 
MnrMo (St, Margaretl is in the nhnrch of Bt. Frwioeieo, whioh 
also contains (on the high-altar} a *^idnnnB, with six Franciscan 
monks, by RomiBiiTW. — ITie ohornhes of 5. MoriaCofaAtra, S. QUi- 
ifppe, and Vtteovodo also posaeas pietnrps by Moretto. 

About l/i M. ftom the Porta S. Qlovannl [PI. A, 3) ilea the 
pretty Ciimpo Santa, to which an BTenne of cyptesSBa leads from the 
high mad. 

29. From Brescia to Tirano in the Valtellina. 
lago d'Tseo. Uonte Aprica. 

Btnstl ^^ 

honr, hillinB a( Fiiogm (1 hr.J 

nd ^\ fl™o{!br.), and an 

Bdefl b. Ibf ereniiiE Oniienufl fn 

m Edulo lo nrniu alio dally 

nxellera who are already an. 

with Ibt Lake of Como, and wbo 

leairs to reanli Ihe npper Va 

and Iha BWlvio or BfrBloa (B. S) 

Tho aoenory from iJeo on 

divarflnB at /Wnwolfl fp, 171), . 
i,.gu •>.»«., luB J..I.,. and Vemaa Una (B M. in SSmin.i itck in. 

The Milan road is followed from Breacla to — 
12 M. luo (Ltoae), tttuated on the lake of that name, a 
bnsy little town. Stbamboat twice daily from Samlco (Leona 
d'Ornl, at the 8.W. end otthe lake, to Iseo and Lovfire [see below] 
and back, in correspondence with the diligences between (irumeUn 
[p. 171} and Samlco, Brcsela anil Iseo , and Lovere and Edoloj 
from Rarnico to Lo»ere, 2*/* hrs. [fares 'itr., ifr. 40t.). 

The *I«go dlMO {Lacat Stbimu, 620 fC. above the sea-level}, 
about 15 M. in length from N. to S., about 1000 fi. deep in the 
centre , and averaging 1 l/j M. in breadth , somewhat reaemblea an 
fi in fOrm. The Oglla elitera the take between Pisogne and Lorere 
and emerges from it near Barulco. The B<!enery vies in beauty 
with Ihat oftbe Lago dt Garda, the soil la admirably cultivated, 
and the vcgptallon of a luinrianl, snulhern chatanter. 'tV* Mti.t- 
hola, an island I'/j M. in length, r«ii»\ttin?^ o1 i \oUl ***« 
dPBBfiidlng precipUoneXy Dn t\\e E. slAc (_al ft\6 S . ^ ->>»■«» 'i^ "*'^'™ 
I iUMDaxMM. ital/ 1. Sib Bdlk V^ 

178 Roote SB. BRENO. 

lies Ptiehiera ditto, ■iid at the N.W. lia«e SivlntKi, 
vClagea), riBos picituresquHly ind boldly in iha middle uf tha h 
Opposite Peschlera Ubb the islet of 8. Paolo. 

The new rock-hawn "Rosri on the E. b»nk, bPginiiliig at Salt 
Mariaaino and terminating at PUognt, a distince nf 6 M. , !e little 
inferior in boldnssB to that on the banks of the Lake of Como. 
It is carried through a number at gnllerlea and supported by solid 
masonry. Immediately to the left lies the lake, while the loekt 
riaa precipitously on theri^ht, ove changing the road at places. From 
Ueo it winds through a suveeBaioii of viueyarda. whlah oofei the 
I valley and its slopes, and reaches the bank of the lake at SlUMmv, 
opposite the Island mentianed above. On tbo moiinlain, far above, 
is seen Che white ohurch of 8. Roceo; then the ruins of the 
niouastery of 8. Lottlio on a rock in the lake. Sale JUaruuino 
(Albergo della Posta), consisting ot a loug row of bouses, Is the 
largest village on the road. Next Maroni, at the W. base of 
JIfonte attglidmo f64i4 ft. ] ascent 4 hrg. , beautiful vien], and — 

li M. Fiso^e (Alburgo Orisnai), at the N. E. end of the lake. 
Towards the end of this part of the route the scenery is strikingly 
beautiful, especially where the lake terminates in a rounded bay, 
and where lovece (S. ^nlonio, or Poitai Leant d'Oro; Rotna}, 
with its busy harbonr, which before the conBtruction of the mad 
afforded the sole outlet to the industry of the Yal Gamonlea, Ilea 
picturesquely on the M. bank. The church of the Madoima tletf 
Aiitmta contains several pictures by Moroni, and a mongment by 
GaaovB. The long and handsome Falaaui Tadtai, a eonspiciioni 
point in the distance, contains a coUcctiaii of antiquities, pictures, 
and natural history specimens. — Omnibuses between Lovere and 
BdOlo, and Lovere and BergSmo [p. 169). 

The road now quits the lake aud traverses a fertile, alluvial 
tract. To the loft dowa the Oglio, a conslderahlo rivor, which la 
crossed st Darfo. The road skirts the W. side of the valley, 
which presents the usual characteristics of the valleys of the 8. 
Alps, yielding rich crops of malice, grapes, mulberries, eta., 
and enclosed by lofty, wooded moontains. The dark rocks (var- 
mcano^ here contrast peculiarly with the light trisssic fbrm*" 

At Cividatt the Oglio is crossed by two bridges. On the height 
a very pioturosquo deserted monastery. Near Breno a broad hUl, 
planted in numeTOus terraces with vines and mulberries, and 
surmounted by a ruined castle, rises from the valley. 

38 M. Btbho iPtllegrlno ; Jlalia, poor) la the capital of the Yal 
Camonica, which la 36 H. iu length , extends f^m Lovnre and 
Piscgiie to the JIfonte Tona(e(see below), and produces a considerable 
gnantity of silk and iron. 

Tie road now erasaas a monntalh-Umen*. dB««ending from 
■^rmle Pisio, (he indented cceet ot ViWafe. '{eB^ fcom, »a o^evtao^ 

rta Tirano. EDOLO. ao. Soute. I^^^H 

D1I the right. A mualve mounUtn of lisailt bare extends towsnl^^^^l 
the road, aiid coiumimr basalt is vUiblo at pUoea neat the Bummlt. ' 

Iteyonrt Cnpa di Pontt (1374 It.') the charspter of the soenerjr 
KradmUy changes. Tbp valley miitracts, maize and mulberries 
bewme rarer, vrhile numerous chesttint- trees flourish an the slopes 
and in the valley itself. The road aauenda aligbtly. 

54Va M. Edolo (22S7 ft.; Due Mori; Galto, uninviting), a 
mountain- village poEsessing iron-'worka, lies on the Oglio, here 
descending from the rocks, and is overhung on the E. by the MoiUe 
Aviota. (Diligence to Tirano, 8 hre. ; one-horae carriage In 6 hrs., 
lOfr.; W Lovere in 9 hn., ISfr-l 

'^^ "" ] divergiDg here 1u Lhe TS. B. to the KontcTonale 

'-iv; and Kal di JVun (IfoKibirg), which ilefniend lo S. Uichiti (or waUeJi- 
irAael) n atiliOQ on tbc mllway horn Bolien fo Verona (p. 11), id tbe 

The new lOad to Tirana, vhleh crosses numerous bridges and 
ists almost entirely on masonry, gradaally ascends from Edolo on 
the T4. slope of the Val di Cortrno, aflbrdlrig pleasant retraspests of 
" Val Camonlca, and the enoW'peaks of tbeAdamella in the back- 
ground. 4'/a M. Cortmtdolo (the villnga opposite , on the right 
bmk oF the Corteiio, ia Santicolo), then (3l/i M.) Oaileno, whence 
t path to the N. leads over the Monte Padrio in 3 his. to Tirano. 
The TOail next crosses to the right bank of the Corteno, Rnd re- 

aea It agiin at the small village of S. Fielro,, not far from the 
summit of the (6 MO Foiui d'Aprioa (4049 ft.). About 3/^ M, 
beyond the paaa, near the poor village of Apriea, stands the now 
"Atbergo delC Apriea, 

A view of the Val Tellina, with Sondrlo in the background, 

low soon disclosed. The broad, gravelly bed of the Adda and 
devastatiooa ft^qnently uauaod by the stream are well sur- 
veyed bonne. Several of tho snowy peakB of the RBmlna come In 

w to tbe N. ; lower down, above Tresends , rises tho square 

ch-tower of Tegllo. On the road is the Belveden (Inn), ll/j M. 
from Apridi. Fine •View of the valley of the Adda. 

The admirably constiucted lOad now descends through plan- 
tationa of chestnuts, in a long ourve , to Ln Matta; It finally 

zhBs the bottom of the valley of the Adda by means of two 
tunnels, and uroaaes the river neat Traenda. Erom Treseiida to Ti' 
'ano about B H. more. Tirana (1606 ft. ; Poila or Angtla ; J>ac 
Torn', with the poat-offlne ; Sttlvio') ia a small town with old man- 
aloiis of the Viseontl , Pallavlcinl, and Salis famllioa, vrbliih has 
often Buffpred from inundations of the Adda. Thoae whose deati- 
; nation is Sondrlo (119fl ft. ; 'Fotla ; Maddateini) , capita! nf the 
' ValtplUnB, need not proceed flrat to Tirano, but rarrtages are seldom 
'o be obtained at Tiesfuda. Conip. Biiedtkeft Eo.»Urf\ AVp*. 

The Laga di Onrdo (226 ft.). (heXacufSnuiMia of the Roman*, 
the loTgest of the N. Italian Ukes, is 37 M. iti lei>gth . and l'/^ 
10 M. broad; area 189 eq. H., depth ta many places upwards df 
1000 ft. The whole lako belongs to Italy, aioept the N. exlieiiiltr 
with Rlva, which ia Auatrtan. 

The lake 1> raid; perfecll; calm, aod In starmy wealher la aloMI n 
rough ai ttae lea, a cIrciimiitaDee rscorded by Vlrgt] (Qsorg, II. 160). The 
bliu water, like Ibat nf all the Alpine lakua, ii nuiarkaiily clear. T^t 

iHiul, l-l'/i lb., Ihr: lagifi, and llie lardnc an oioellent 'llib. 

The buk>, allkoneli inferior In atlraclinn to tboBe of the Lakaof 

-Impniineeipaiiaeufltiewaler. Ttae ihncea of the S. half are flat an/ff all 
cultivated, but llief beaome bolder between Capo a. VigiUa and a wdnt 
to Ike H. or Salb, whers Itaa lake cnnUvct!. Tke >• InnLriaal, 
eipecially on the more abeltered VI. bank, Kren tke MDiitiie Ismos 
airivei at matnritr kere, but tbe (rEse Tfuguira to be careful); corered In 

brick, S-SO n. In beigbt, erected at re^ar iatenals, and nnitsd by tan*-i 
YBMe beans at the lop. Tbe trait i« more bitter and arumalic HaJi (hrt 
of Sicily, Buffert loss from carriBee, and keeps longer. Price in plBDUril 
SBasoun 3.1 fr. per hnndrefl, but frequently as klgk aa 10 fr, ' 

Deianiuio (Mayer't HSiti, Posta Vecchin, both Italian and ve^ 
iDdtffeTent i 'Alb. ^ Bulor. alU Due Colorribe, moderate'), a Bisall 
town with 4300 iubab., at the S.W. angle of the lake, is a ratlwir 
atation (p. 171]. Omnibus [rnm the stBamboat to tho train 50 a., 
lavage 25 o. 

To the E., not quite half-way to PeBohieta [p. 171), Is tht 
narrow promontory of Strmione, projecting 3 M. into the Itka, 
which here attains its gieateet breadth. 

A pleasant exeunioa mar be made tkilher by boat or by earrUn 
(6 H, from Tlwieaiano), but the road l9 not ncoDunended to walkoM,- 
Tbe Hsblng Yillage |po<ir locanda) adjoinx the bandsomc rain of a eoallt 
of Ike Scaligen Ip. mr We Ibcn erois the Dlive.c1ad hoirht, pait lh« 
litlle church of S. Pletro, to (1 H.1 tke eitremity of the psnlnnita, 
where we obtain a eharmioE »iew. On tbe bill are remninn of baths, 
and on the pniniontiiry are relics uf a building eilendJng out into tho 
lake, wbiob an aaid to have belonged to the country home nf CatallDs. 

The Sthahsoiit Bteera near tho W. bank, but dops not toiioh at 

the small villagas of Monlgii and Manrrha, Opposite the promon- 

(orj- ofS. VIgiUo (p. 183) it iLeil pas&os the small Itnta di 8. Bla- 

^io and the ^eIlNlifuI ccBBcent-iliafel Iioltt dlOaTdo, sn AAftoM, 

Lutjo di Garda. RIVA. 3(1. Hout 

iLe propt^rty of the Mutulieiie tScotti of Beigsmo. Tbe Isttei 
toifled by the ItilUna Ln 1859, but tbe woiks have aiuce been 
tUDTed. Tib eteamec now Bteora to the W. mid enters the bay 
t 8b16 (Oambiro ; Sirena) , a dBligbtfully alcuated (own with 
UOO iiihab,, aurromided with teiraues of fngraut lemon-groveii. 
Che Monte S. Barioiommeo, at tbe (oat of which the town lies, 
iffoids a oharmiiig view, aapBoially by eTenlng light. [Diligence 
> Btesnia, see below.) Qardane is the iieit vUlaga ; then Jtfa- 
lerno, on a promontory extatiding far into tbe lalie, with au old 
uiliCB with Itomin tiieotiptloiiB on Ihe walii. Beyond liaes the 
lonte PUsaeoio. Farther on are Toieolano, Cama, and BujiHuco, 
ith a large couiitry-reaidence of Couot Bettnno. Host of the 
■man -gardens belong to members of the Italian nableaae. Then 
^,J t/rgB»ao (*Ctroo, unpretending), an important looking place 
^JOO inhab.) in the midat of lemon and olive plantations, and 
16 of the moat altraotive points on the lake (diiigoiioe twice daily 
Breecia by SalS, Gavardo, and Kezzala). 

The mounulns now become loftier. The sniaU viUagea of 
iMtone, Plooere, Tiynale, and OliUie are almost adjacent. Then 
IVemostne, on the bill, scarool; ilaibte from the lake, to which 
fc Bleep path aaaenda on the preclpltons and rocky bank. In a hay 
ftither on are aeen the white houses of Limont, another lemon and 
Jive producing village. The Austrian frontier is passed a little 
nyond La Sooa, and a view is soon obtained Of the Fall of the 
donate anil the new road [see below). 

XlVA. — ■Albbsod TaAFntUHl Al Sole u'Ou, boiutlfulty siliiabed 
- " ~' - .- . ■}. 60, L. anflA. BOkr., panrion IB 


i.-h a. B. 60, 

t U., fi. ICI, L 

I, with pleasant gatduii HOtel 
drtfi, and Oufl I'loAwlK'keiitAaier, both <i 
- Our In Itia HSIel BaTiiin (aae above} 
a PorU 8. Ulchele. 

MWtslde Ibo FofU S. Uana anil the PorU 8. 
' BulAi In llie lake <o Ihe W., beyond thi 

Omntbui U Mori, me below, ilartlng from tbe Cafd Andnsls. 
Hiva, a bosy harbour with GOOO Inbab., ia chariningly attuated 
t the N. end of the lake , at the base of the preeipitoua Rocclietta, 
'he Charek of the Mhtorilei , outside the Porta S. Mlchele, elected 
1 the 16th cent, and adorned with gildiug and stucco mooldinga, 
Wltaliis aeveral altar-pleoea by Ouldo Keui, Palma Venchlo, and 
Ihers. The Pariih Vhtireli lii tbe town possesses aeveral modern 
dntntea and (reanoes. The watch-tower of La Rocm on the lake, 
brtifled anew since 1850, at present a barrack, and the olil Cn»leUo, 
bigh on tho mountalu to the W., erected by the Snallgera, greatly 
inhaiiee the piuturesquetioas of the place. The situation of Riva la 
ibeltered and healthy , the heat of summer being tempered by the 
kke. Private apartmenli! may be procured on moderate terms. — 
lUggage Is eiamlned at Biva on the arrival null ie^MWiie »\ ** 
MMtnibnatj byAustriui and Italian of&da\ft tea^etVvieVj . 
FHnm Biva bi Hum (p, 41; Itl'/a K.l, a. «li.H«ii on ft« "^wfliV. « 


182 RauU 30. VALLE m LEDRO. tncjn rfi 

- ^ . - ... ""PlW^vvj 

to poieatfluiB ia coul wisilier, le»d« throueli TBriali C^BertiidDlj *01i»oJ, 
ft barbonr uo Ihe K.E. b.nV at the IUls, una lliQa uiendi «> Ihe left M 

Inke'll obUtned. Tbe rotd nsxt tnv'ecsei il wild Bnd stony monnWa 
ridie, iUtU tbe plctureique ]ltll« £uti iffLoppia (BGe ft.), ind reubea tkii 
Tllia« of Loiipiii. The vllluo of Mori Is at some distance from Ibg Ilatlon. 
KxcDSeiDSe. To the 'fHi. of tba PohIs (i far.), best acDompliihed Iv 
b«i (Ibeie end bu^k 1 B. mi fee). Tbe wiiecfill ItacTf, which U Umoei 
bjlbePon»l6ahorllybBtoreitlluv,.troinihe Vsldil-edriiinln the lake, is 
iBSignSacsnt. but its lurrnundlngB are pklnreiqne. We dijembark •! ise 

nnint »ln.rri Itii. dHinud hridle-nllh IVnm thH Ledro YBllty rBSChel Ihs 

luaes, and brfDiid the (dd 
ii of view. — The watt lu 
It li!adfl at a coti^derride 

Lt tba uolnl wbeiB It luna 
% lo Itae left, Ihen alBend' 
1, and cnDwuidii the moal 

to (be E. nt Biia, alFords 

Monle Brione, I'/t M. from Eiva (by 8. Alesiandro), is a fBTouiite aflar- 

rufld, where there ia a wild and pIctuKsqne ''Gorge with a line watarfaU, 
lately made easily accatslblu (allenilant SDkr. furcacb person, ring at lbs 
mill). Tba excursion may be eonllDued by Ooltfiui lo W, H-) rmn*, 
from the old culU of which achurming view is enjoyed. The road then 
tra-veraes richly culli.ated upluuds, at a conaidtnble heleht, and leads 
by Fortffiiai.0 !0 (V/, M.) Aral (p. fe]. 

The Hont* Balda. a range 4fi M. in leaglh, nhich separates tbe Lake 
of Sarda from the valley of the Adigu , Is best aieundad from 3'a(« dee 
above). The AUiaiBio di SafO (GSIO fl,), the summit towacda tbe V. 
and the moat beautiful point, ia reashed hence in &-tl bra, (wilb guida). 
Eiteaalve panorama, compriaina a great portion of Upper Italy, the lake, 
lbs ralley of tbe Adlge, and tbe snoir-moaBtaini of Ihe Adsmello, Prew- 
lella, and the OHler. — The uceol of the JfoaU Ifiufien, or TiUora/o 
■ ■ - - - - - - - . fp ]^j^ ^j awrtm, in 


juat be 



, reach 

Ihe facs 

tbe fal 

by the 



along lb 

ky p 


of the 

of tun 

ela and 

di I.edr 

to tbe 

Hghl tn 



h dcace 

lag, a 

A aeain d 


leads t 

tbi! wa 

beantlful viewa 



the an 

E Kent* 


na (liat fl.K 

• fine 


and almoBi ibe 

(7380 ft.), the central point, l^oi 
7 bra., ia faUguing. 

Tbe Talle di Lriro afTords 
Heve uid back 5 d.; dillge 

>f Ihe 1 

Lata di Lcdra CilSb ft.), and MazBtafo on Ita K. bank, to m, U. 
Wval Rate di led™ (Aibergo alia Torre). — At Biatrea, •/, K. b . 
■" — "■- "-' -inicel, with Ibe villages of {'/i hr.) Engviia 

The road then tonu 
by Biaaaa, Jfolina, tie pwtty 


'(theMe "baeit "io'EWa'dlSct ,"by' ihB"irii 
timpi, in 3'/i bra.). From Beziecca the road leads by Tianm, and Uinniati 
tbe sequeatered Val Ampala, lo (9 U.) Slora (Cavallo Bianco) in Ihe ■fat 
Bmta, or Cliitu, In whieb. Sit. higher, lies Ctoxitjiio (Torre), tbe eapllfti 
of S. GludJCBiia. 

Beyond Store, and about iVi S. below Ihe bridge aver the Chless, Ihe 
road croasca tbe CaJTaro near Lodnmr (Anatrian and llnlian frontier], and 
naobea (I'/i W.) Ibo Lace didro, B M, lung, Vi II. broad, Ibe W. Vaok 
of which It iklrts. Oppoalte (3i/t H.| Jr^u, with tbe mountain -eulie 
Seeea iTAnfo, lies tbe small village of /dro. At (3 S.) Lacmioat, U the 
9. end of Ihe Iska, begins Ibe pictuTUt|ue Val SaliMa, of which rfaa e*pl- 
■W 11 (3 M.) Viiloni (Tre Spade). At (3 ■».> Bavfltii ftn twA UiCdsai 
thai lo tbe E, leads by Sabbio, ?t*art>o, ana VrtcUmo lu v\XTfc.-\ Batt. w 

Lagri di Oarda, 


Rovle. ^^^H 

tbe l^eo di U»rdii (ii. 181)i lliat lo Ibu W. ti 
Vol Oor« lo (15 HO Bwirfo [p. ITO)- 

A-bout 10 min. ^er thesteBinlKi&t(p. 181)) hne quitted Biia, 
the Wl of the Pou«le, mentioned j. 182, uomea into view. Tarbaie 
(p. 182) Uea to the left. The steamer now steers S. to Hal- 
oe^B (2100 inhsb.), & gond hacboui on the E. b&nk, with an 
old BMtle of ChBrlaraasiia , which was afterwardB a robbers' 
sttongliold. Goethe , while aketching this roln , nsrrowly eeiuptid 
being arrested as a spy by the Venetian gOTeinment. The caBlle 
has sinoe been reatored. Beyond It Is the rock of UoUtto , then 
CoMon*, and a little farthec the smal] tslard of Ttimelom. The 
next placet of importance are Caalella , 8. Qiooawni, CasUUttto, 
all belonging to the paiiah of Bnmonc, Montagrta (somewhat in- 
land), and ToTti. The banks gradually become flatter. The pro- 
moTilory of San Vigtiia, aholtered from the N. wind by the MoiUe 
Baldo (p. 182), extends far into the lake, and la the mast beauti- 
ful point of Tlevr on the E. bank. The aurioundlng hilta are 
plantpd with Tinea, olhea, and fig-trees. The vlllagB of Ouchi 
(1500 Inhab.), beautifully altnated in a bay at the InBux of the Te- 
lino, which desceuds from the Monte batdo , givea ita name to the 
lake. The chateau belongs lo Count Albertini of Verona. To the 
S. in the distance is the peninaula of Scrmiont (p. 1^0). The lleit 
plaeea are Btirilo{&io(2500inhab.) with a harbour, CunriD, and L«- 
tiie (^3100 inhab.), another barhoar, 

Pudiitra. (see p. 171), at the efflux of the MIntio from the lake, 
is a station on the Milan and Verona railway. The station is on the 
E. side of the town, not far ftom the landing place. 

Urger lubi tlifti of Lomb&rdj, 

ireh, 9IKIS iq. H., In' iliehtly 
lilion nf 2,TIIU,aa> Hniiln ii cob- 

lltlon of tlic connonanla Ihcln 
ksr Kir Hdoi'i, /ivu fni fuaai. 

,' as Tor eiampla bj ^oldoni in hi! og- 



Bountry ban alway 

ths proilmity 

of lUe .ea, and th 

peeoliw formallun 

oftbecoaat. iB tfae 

knrer p*rl d 

io Birepe, Iia fall is very gr&d 

limfaea odIt, and laltcrl; lltllo m 

«* than '/, taeh pe 

Engliah mile. To- 

wards Ibo en 

The remit is 

ttaat the adjacent 

h has to be averted by the tonalruotlo 

ofhugedykeai and 

theae works 

eqaenlly re Quire 

o bs railed, as (be 

bed or the rlVer t> 

ng. TbB P„, toge 

her with tbe Adwr, 

fl«c/»vlto.., BrmW. 

ADd other cuwil rirers, Iflnumal 

in 1 vast delU whiL 

U EilBnda alrjng tbe 

WllOlfl COUll 

ilyuf alluvial depuai 

ia so great, that tbe 

bedi of lhe« 

ally nndereuing chi 

eol aeaporl of ^al 
forioerly (lowed 1 
Dce USD. Tbe ei 


r,>m the cuasl. and 

while th/po 

wards the S., it has formed its preaenl 


lenalVB laguuni (lagii 

».;, ■euarsUu) (rout 

the tea by na 

rrow strips of land 

llidij, and conneeted with It by eallati, 

would mndcr 
ebb and flow 

Ihe wbale coast ui 
of the tide (mean 

linbabltable, were it not (Or tba glJMil 
diirerancc 1'/, ft.), whiBh ia percepuSi^e 

in IhH Adrlat 

Tbii ettcMlve alln- 

•lal tatriloty 

wkioh reminds o 

e of Hnllwd. called 

in 10 oelivHy the lo- 

EBnnlty and e 

terprluB of Iti iuhabitsDla at an early iwriud, and ■ lemper- 

■tB and em 

tervWive cborwilB 

r hm thus been 

imparted to Ibcir 


The Ka>; 

mage and naUonallty 

ed, kepi enl 

rely aluuf from th 

ribBs. TbB aeaporti 

of Wir'a and 

Bpi^u, at tbe n.o 

tba of the fo, ante 

rly period, aod e 

Btrucled as e 

rlyuB.u:S8a. I 

tbe 3ril cent, tbe \ 

iceli toeetbur with 

an alliance witb Jiomc. While the Bumnnlaalinn nf Ldmbardy ud 
■noni WH attended with violent struggles, it was raiildly ttTeclcd b«re 

I B. 0.. una the lioiiudary of Italy vjm Ohib \a.\i\ 4™e u the point 
leb it still ailenas. Owing t» its UtVuB^nEi , uMVc \nwAVa«, «wt. 

. iippBrenily inilgnifiiiuit be«lnn 
r obMUTJQ. The llrst Dux or Do 
I (d. 718}. In BOB Itae liliniLi wu 

-' "Ihsrlemapie, >nd virliully tbrew qIT tb« yoke of I 
At tlda imriiHl thu ii-*--"-'*---- — ^^.j_j , 

bcED Ibfl flnl Doi 
Uce of IbE DuBW 

tbe great OttpAt 
Venetian fleet bri 
Ika VeiwIliBi rs« 
lion (]te». It. 7) 

nlur ofBt. ^trk~. 
liidnced Id n»kB 
lilrUn knd DalB 

Cruods led tbe 

' Sitiuted between tbe ^tientlne 
ume > connecting Hi 
:>r tbe treClle between 
lugbt Iho body of SI. 
ered blui u Iheir ml. 

le Ibeir seprerae o'fa< 

It nd tbe Went. In 82H i 
Venico, and Ibenceforll 
lot, neiie bib emblem, I1t< 

rae o'faeiil functi.m&ry wu atyU'd 'Frucu 

ueslB. These wiire >| Uret eondneriii tbi 
or tbe parpdio ul prDOuring limber uii 
'y tbit BprnDg ap witb Genoi during Uu 

itile deieloped iniu a rlguroua ulig&n:fay, wblch viib terrible imparlinl- 
tly eonlTlTed la keep both tbe nnbililj' and people in e1i»k, and elfectu- 

Uie lupreme power rested on t. founJalion altogether different. The ra- 
publiM bad been overthruwn by tbe deepoti, who, aupporlcd bj merce- 
nary Iroope and Ibe lavoor of Ibe lower claaees, bad founded prinoipall- 

e or the I 

rra fcrme.) f, 
if ItiUlau po> 

o overthrow tbe V 
:e, bivlng made cu 

ill VLB 

cauied hj the rivalry of llie i 

ma In U06, Vdait in \m^Jlmaa ia im,' B^aamo in U 
e 1161, and SevigB in 11H4. tn the markel-pWei of tbeu tut 
uf SI. Mark wa« ereeled ai a token of Ibeir sohjugation, and 

^-. ^.-^Aded to bbiiut 13,^^ aq. Al., besldee the DalmaliHn pomaMi 
(I'iKI HI. H.| ud tbe lelllomenla In tlie Levant, Aajgoleeii at lenglb oi 
Ihrevr tbe Bepnbllc, wlilcb had long heen In a loitering coBdilian. 
lOtb and leib Hay, 1TS7, Venice wai occupied by Freneb Imopg un 


om uf /lal#. On U« (» 

(1797) il was 

Aninl. Then an twn atalinni at Veraoi! CD The aiii4 

I tbe llDtti, aboal H/t H. ' In tbo i. nf Ibu Piuu Bik; (2) Tfae MoMme 
dtM JViisra ITI, B, 6), where the OFdloBFy trliru onl; itop, '/i ■. la the 

_-.^_ n._. . .._i . _ ._.._. .._ . „ — ,.,j ^j^ mIUb, Mod au- 

' " Idi hinuelC 

btw moMT 

itatela. Hi>ritL Butai, rhb Dcdx Tuubi (dillc i>« Tarri! Fl. 46, F 3j, 

fTofit dl" ionJra; PI.' 47, ES), bolh in Ihe cmlM of the t«»B( BA«K 
KtiBHg AL dun Faxioi, iid (he OuFso. near the PiuM delle KHm, a 
I'^Sl/f , D. S>/,, A. '/• fr- — ItolUn houseiX-ALBEUio Cou (alM UlM 
a.Lsrtmo! PI. 19, n S), wiUilraltnrIa, proUlTr situled in Ihe Adin, ftin 
dl 8. Lnrento. in the ^trd unoo itract W. nf the Porta BanKrl, E. SA 
L. i/i, A. '/i, DiDDlbiu 'A fr. -. •Gou>»»i P'Oio (PI. 4R-, O, 4). In l}w atrW 
nf fluL nxme, elOK lo the pfacu Brl>. U. 2Vi. L. >/,, odd. l^.: Auniu 
Kiu, R. 1>^, R. I'/i fr., A. «J e.\ Reqiha D'UiiaBiBii, near the Plami 
dsUa Brhe, nnpreteDdlni;, well BpoKBD ot\ Aui. u'Italia, near the Pmrti 
Vmcuki I pi. H, S), 

Butumata, 'Btrfftia Baair nl alatiUnii a. Luca (with bathi], li 
the S.W. of the Ptwna VitlOTio Bnunucle, nn the right, auMide the gaM 

Rail (|>. 199). — Oalte (egp^f colTce a)e.', 'pasta'' la eat with il, lOt.) 
Bunpa and 'Villario Smanuth in the Plana Brk, where a mllltaiV bidU 
playi igery erenlDg. 'Oiji Dtuu Plana de' Signnri. 

nBeea. called 'Braughana'. Per drive Tfi c, per bnur I'/t fV., eaci 
addlUnnsl hr. 1 fr. 2S c; in the ercnlog 30 c. per hr. miiTii. From Ihi 
alalliiR l» the town and vlce-TorBl 1 fr. Theie (aren are for 1-3 pen.; (l>i 

limn ai 0.' " ' " ' 

Seokaeller. n. F. MSntter, in Ihe Via Snova {p. IW). 

Thu BiibU of Verona mar be aeen in one day: begin with the Arm 
apd Wijiia Bra, then croiii Iho Adige lo the PuIohb Plmp4l (on fho waj 
to whjuli hi a ftnno Maggiort, p, llS), return by the Via Leoni In th> 

Vtnma (157 ft.]. &a anctsnt Uwn Founded by the UhztiaoB and 
EtruscaDB, &fterwaidi Occupied by tho Osiils, andthsn a Roiuiiii 
Aolany, the Bern of old German tTiditione, was the raeidenee of the i 
Lombsid piinnes In tllD middlu agoa , and ufterwards BDlTbred { 
sciverely finm the mntesti of the Qiielphs and Ohibellines, notil 
s happier era davned uiider the *UBpic<>s of the Seallgera (12S0- 
1389> Masli'no /. della Seida, eieexei Podeatft in 12(10 and Cap- 
ituio del Popoto in 1363, waa the founder, and Can Grande 
(1308-39) the most eminent member, of this illnetrionB bmily. In 
13S9 aiangnUaito Vlsconti, LoTd of Milan, made bimaclf mastatof 
Verona, and thtaiigh hiB widow the city name in 1405 Into the poi- 
BPSslon of Venine, to which, with ahart interruptions, It remained 
snbject donn to the end of the Republic. The town , with 66,000 
Inhab. and a earrison of GOOO men, eituatBd at the base of the Uf*, 
OB the rapid Adige. ivliioh ia crossed by flvubrldReB, is the moat im- 
portant fortreta, and next W Venice ttie 5T\M\v»\W>*vv\iV^i£ft«ft». 

"'(lJBtffi51),'lh« most 'ftmouB''mmfiry 
impBrted lo thf lalices lam; of ILe feiturei 
M OiBcondo (1135-1011), one of the inaal 

mind thBt it WM DUftomDrj' here, u st Oenot nid oUier Iowdb to sdorn 
tbe ruideti vilb paintings. The pilnled fii;>dcii of bomcn nPii 8. Fnwi, 
tJu PdiIb Bl>n>Hi, Pisjus dcIlD Erbrj [p. IBS), thePiluio Tedesohi (p. 191) 
and uthere, retsJI llie slJll^ »t Pidiiim miutiera of Ibo 16tb oenl., and tee 

VeronesE Paihteiu of Ibe IStb cent, were Fi'Kora Pitaaa tPiiimeUB), Lt- 
bifalc da Terima . Fr. Koroar, nnd pullcui>.rlr Oirnlamo dot LOiri (il71- 
IliGfl). The Brlifts of a Islcr period, such u Paulo CagUari. sumtmifil 
Vrrotuie (iim-Si), beJong more prnperiy to tbe Venetiin scbuol. 

ITie ■Arena (PI. 24; li,4: entrance from the W. side by the 
Brnnde No. V; fee'^'ic.) bonnds en the M.E. side theFiauaBr^ 
rPnMdhimJ , or Viltorfo l-jmanvete, the pTincipal sqnme of Yurnni. 
This oelebrsttd amphttlicBtrt' , pntbtbly erected unditr IilerleUkn 
. (A. D. %4), is 106ri. tn height, 168 yds. long, 134 yds. wide (the 
»ren» Itself 83 yds. long, 46 yds. wide), eiroumferenco 525 ydi. 
ArODUd the einphitheatre rise 45 tiers of steps, ISinehes in height, 
26 inohes in width , of grf y murble (modern | , on whioh il is Wil- 
eulBted that 35,000 spectalurs oould sit, a,nd 70,000 lUnd. Of the 
extem>l wall a fragment only, which appears never to haVo been 
completed, is atill standing. 11 la an Interesting fant that thit pillars, 
which were probably left roufth ilnde8l{>npd1y, afterwards becinie a 
model fi>r the favourite 'cnstlea' pillars of the RensiSEsDCe. The ar- 
cades, 72 111 nnmber, are let by the town at high rente to traders Sf 
Biery desmptlon. In the Interior of the Arena a Bmill theatre !b us- 
ually established. — The Viu JVuovo, terminating near the Arena, anil 
paved with maasive blocks of stone Is one of the prindpal thorough- 
fares of the town, leading N.E. to the Piaiia dolle Erbe (see p. 188). 

The S. side of the SA is bounded by the Oran Guardia Antlen 
(PI. 35 ; D, 4 ; now a corn-magazine) , or old guard-house , and the 
aran Gviirdla Nuom (Fl. 36; D, 4), now the Munleipio, erected 
in 1840. To the W., In the arcades of the spacious Palaiis Stiiu- 
tivena (by Sammloheli) are the oaffis mentioned at p. 138. — By 
the PortotM, or principal gate , is an annient tower of the Snaltgenfe 
The W. earner Is occupied by the Teatro FiUirmonieo (PI. 41 ; 0, 1]. 
In Iho court towards tho Piazza Brk, under the areades erected by 
Pompei in 1745, is situated the valuable Mvi>to LapldaTia (PI. 29), 
cotlactud and deserihed by Scipione Mallei , containing Koman, 
Greek, and Arabic InaorlptlonB , Roman and Greek basteliDtB and 
statues . ancient Christian sarcophagi , and a bust of Maffei. Tho 
moseum is shown by the custodian of the Teatro Filarmonlcn, who 
yves ill a side-Street at the back of the theatre, No. 1. 

Several streets lead from the Piazza Uti. Wviitia 'Cw;''S..^'*ia 
Cnaso Cavoiib fPI. C, P, K, 3), the pi\nrti>tt\ iWnt^. o^ ■Cat ws^'^ i" 
wiifri a number of handsome palacei BTe>s\.tt\a\e4^B^- V**^' 


18S Raute 31. VEROtfA.. 

the Cursu, sbDut luidnay, rUea the Porta de' Boruti [VlA 
an siicient criumiiliil ar«h ur town gate, occupying Iha i 
bfeadth of the stceeC, (wusi^tiiig of two entritnce-arehwayB , with 
ma galleries above them , and a facade tDwaida the outside of the 
town, oieoled under the Einpcior QalllenuB in A.D. '2Ab. 

The Gorao leiids to the N.E., straight to the anuu busy < 
medittTal life. On theiigbt it Hist rBachus the Fiuia dalle £tlia 
(.PI.E,3), the fruit and vegetable markut, ftonuerly the ftirum uf 
the Republic, and one of the moat plctureaqno piBZ>^Ba in Italy. At 
tho upppr end of It riai^s a Marble Calumn , whinh bore the lion of 
St. Mark down to 1797 to iudicata the aopremaey of ths Uepobllc" 
iifViinioa. Oppoalto ia Iho I'ubai.a Maffei, new Tratm , with a 
fai'.ade overladen with enrichment, aiiil a curious spiral stuircaae iii 
the interior. The Fotatialin ia adorned with a atatue of 'VeiDna', 
part of which is aud&jit. The Triiunu, with its canopy supported 
by four cnlumna , in the centre uf the Piazza, was anciantly uied 
as a seat of Jilitgmenl. Many of the surroundiug houses are adorned 
with froaooBS in the style which was so popalar in N, Italy during 
thu 15th aad 16th eeiituriua. Home of Iheiu have been Teoanily 
rentarc.d, such as the Cissa /iazianti uear the column, and the Cata 
iki Mcrmnti (1301), embellished with a statue of the Madonna. — 
With regard tothe Via Cappello oi tj. tiebaitiano and Via Leoni, 
luadiug to the-8.1<:. to the Poiile Nave, aee pp. 191, 193. 

UppobiCt the Casa Mazzanti rises the Ttnutr of the ManieipU), 
about 3'20 fl. in height. A short street to the left of tho latter 
Ipada to the Tiuiii dei 8igiioii(_l'l. E,3), a small aiju are paved ' 
with flsg-stones, and surrounded by imposing edillOHB. — Im- 
mediRtoly to the right is the fiilaaa delta Raglime (seti of the 
aaEize-oourts), with in interesting and very picturesque ouurt, 
fuundHd 111 11)^3, and lately restored and extended. 

In the angle diagojially opposite la situated the Uld Tuwn Hull, 
or ^Talaaio del Ooatlgrlio {P\. 34), usually called tn Loygta, 
ureoted bafma 1500 by i'ra Uiocondn da Vt/rona (p. 187), and 
restored in 1873, with oolonred and gilt ornaments ; above are Qve 
statues of CElehrated natives of ancient Verona : Cornelius Nepos, 
^atultiis l/Mantua Virglllo gatidat, Verona Calullu' : (hiid. — 
'Tanluui magna sua debot Verona Catullo, qusritum parvs Soo 
Mantua Virgilio' : !diiHlat), Vitruvlus, the youngur Pliny, and 
iGmlllus MacH^r. the poet and friend of Virgil. In (he interior of 
tho loggia are busts of celebratBdVeronuaeof mediaival and modem 
times. Ou the upper llDOr are aevoral apartments which -have beeu 
tasteruUy restored [porter in the court). 

In the middle of the piazza liaes a marble Statue ■of DiMtt, < 

who, jis recorded by the inscriptions oii the monument and on the 

palace acUoining the Ltiggia at a right angle, Ibiind an asylum here 

wfth Che Seuligera after his banisVmeitti Imni I'lureiicc in 1316, 

IvZauani, erected in 186&. — ^ Opposite \a <:Vb Pnl. iA aWi- 

Calhtdral. VEKONA. 31. Rouli 


fionfulU, erected tn 1263, but allareil in the t6th uuii 
adjacent elde-street oonlBiTis a picCiiresqiie fnunlslii, 

The piBsige apposite the entrance to the Pia7.zs 'lelle Krhe 
loadB direct (o the modemiaed RomaneBque uhurnh of S. M-irhj 
Antica (PI. Il'l. and the impneiiig Gothic Tanhi at tha Sooligerar- 
or della Scata family, who for upwards of a oentnry were presi- 
dents of the republic of Veroua. Thn laiidar, which forms tholt 
crest, reouiB freqneiitly on the eUbarately execoted railings. 

Bieculed by So 


aerio (d. 13T5J durtng hla 

lifc-timc. 11 CO 

on a pcdealnl imppDrtrd by 

B faeighl, over «hi 

[he prinoB. On th 

'oh.™ (""l^BiiddW a" 

six ChrlitlHi fa 

>, in nialiea bigfaDT 


the olher Bide, n 


td. IBM), anoth 

arcBphagu. with c« 

lluiK two prin 


itlffemil DieDib 

f tbe (amiir, aiDon 
ad in tbe public ^^ 

ii thai of Cob Orandi II.. 

wbD »aa aiauc 



falg broUer Can SIebo'Id i» 

tm. nverlha 

a eaueirtrlan statue of Con 

Of<mdt (f^mei 

Ma *al=, i. 18ffl), 

the patron ofDantei adjcdalag H, 


wall, tbal or Mwan 

ni <l.(la 

Scala Cd. 13K^]^ lasfly Ibat 


t. Ifae tLAt by a«i 
e»'n1iHl l£s bilfury 
.!on>aS Mo mon- 

apel; on t 

IS /. (d. imTi Ifao enilodian Ii 
<i—nw» 10 ibe ehurcb, tee SOc). 

In the Tioinlty, at tha E, end of tha Coreo Cavoar, risfs *B, 
Aiiaatasla(Pl.l; FiS"), a tine Gothic e.huroh begun about 1261, 
with a brick facade , a portal sabscquEntly covered with mirble, 
ancient sculptures in the lunette, and a freeco of the 14th rentUFy. 

The InTEHioR, horoc by IS circular colnmnn, 1> remarkable foe hDidnfil 
and symmelry nf proportion; lbs TeuliiiB !• painted In the UtB Gnlhli 
■lyle. Od the two flrel pillarn, as mpporten nf the haain Ttir coUKratsd 
water, are two beggnrii (1 aatbii in white and grfj marlite, that on Ihn Infl 
eiecoled by Sairillt Caliari, father of PanIO Veroneae, Ihal on 1 
by Aleii. Btati li> 1581. The chapel of Ibt " " ■ ■ ■ -■ ' 

of Chrii>I from the KaUvily to Ibe Reimri 

moniunent of General Barcga (1132). Tbu 

tbc choir contain good tntaoaa of Ibe lltn ana lom GenTii|^«B, 

To tha left of the churoh , over a gateway adjnininf the small 
church ofS. Pittra MarUre{y\. 15), is the dark marble Barcophtgus 
of a CoDnt Csetelbaroo, and in the gateway three others, the thllA 
of which ia adorned with a good relief of the Madonna. ' 

^ Tho Cathedral [Pi. 4; E,!2^ U aii imposing Gothic stcurtaie.ef 
(he 14th cent., with choli and HorasneBquo rafade of the 12th cen- 
tury. Cehitid the colDmiiH of the handaomo portal are Holaiid. and 
(Hiver. the two paladingofCharlemaene, in half-relief. The nolnmnt 
ill front rest upon grifSna. The Interior, which conalBts of nave and 
aisles, with eight ptllarB, contalilB an eleKBiitly wrought n>nd«lDfl 
tit marble, designed by BammKheli, Over tho lat altar on the left 
r U an 'Assumption by Titian, painted about 154S. 

■WUhnut the maleltie grandeur of the At«viiHfc lA ttl*"SiK\VY-'»ft5 
(hi- line compHrition 1» MHWnn for \U inajtert-j onrnVlniVV™ .■^.W*-'' ™ 
Bk/titi anf 2rariuoa/oua Boloori with rialiafni Sona »*ft. wiN.\i>ti . — Q. • 


to tbe Ufr I 

190 llouU :il. VEBONA. S.Zmon 

The aTflhes of the htTideams t'loitter* real oil double colun 
red m&rble In two Btortes, cue ilxiTe the utlier (entrance tc 
of the fnade, than cum to ibe left again opposite the sida-entrsnee). 

To the M. of the choU tisna S. (liovimai in Ftmte , the aneieDt 
BaptUterr, of the ISth cent. The adjacent Veaeovado (PL 45) mn- 
tainatbe Bibliateea Capiialart yrlih tts precious MSS. (palimpaeata}, 
among which Nlebuhr diaMveTed the luBtttutioiiea o( (Hlus. 

On the left hank of the Adige , to which the Ponte Oaithaldt 
leads (toll 2 0.}, U sUnated 8. Qioi^o In firuds (Pl.lO; E,1,2J, 
completed In 1604 from designs sttribnted to Sammididi, snr- 
moDiited by a dome, and containing Eome admirable pictures. 

On tho W. wall, over the door, Baptisin ot Chriit. by n*lsnil(s; 

paiBled in 1515 by >ra«e. Carole; lib mIimi un [ho iofl, 'Madonna willi 

baluw, by'ffi«Mnia daf Liiri (loS); Btli allar on tha left, St. CMilia, by 
MUrtlio. To Ibe riehl In Iho choir Iha Miracle ot the Fiva Tlonnmd, b» 
AuId earlnatl! to tbc left, tbn Stiower or manni, by Fcl. Bnaaurci, bath 
panted In 1603, High altar-plcoe, Hactyrdom of SI. Oeorge, by P. Kiro- 

snd thna relainii the power of oihlblUBg hia eorgeoua colcjurini In (hs 
moil Irlumpliant aliundaDce'. — (Sm-cUiardfi 'Cuarvnc'). 

Following the Cobbo CAVOUa (PI. D, C, 3j from tho Porta Bor- 
Bari(p. 188) iaaa.W. dlreMlon, we observe on the left. No, 19, 
the *Paliiato Btvilacqua, by Sammicheli ; then on the right, No. 38, 
the Poland Portniupi, and, on the same side. No. 44, the Pujouo 
I Ctmoua, also by Sanimlchbli, but with an attica added in 1770. 
On the right wo then reaoh the Caiteito VeedUo (PI. C, 3), the 
ancient palace of the j^callgera , now an arsenal, connected willi 
the opporfta b^nk of the Adlge by a handsome bridge (not 
aoeesatble) constructad in the 14th century. — The street oalleil 
RigasU S. Zeno diverges here to the right. (S. Zono, see below.) 
' At the end of the W. continuation of the Cotso is the 'Porta 

Btuppa (or Polio i Fl. A, 4), the Quest of tho gatug of Verona 
cnwted by SammUktti. 

The Via S. Bemariilno (PI. B, 3) leads to the monastery and 
church of S. BemBTdino (PI. 3 ; entrance from the E. corner, 
thnngh a pleasing monastory-oourt; if the church-door ii olosed, 
ring In the comor to the loft, adjoining the church). In the choir, 
to the left, is a Madonna with tainti, by Btnaglio, To the right 
of the high altar is the entrance to the 'CappiUii dei PeUegrlni, by 
Siamnichtli, one of the finest of the clrcnUr buildings of the Re- 
lisiSBsnce, with tlie antiqne fonna cleverly and beautifuUyeieouted, 

*8. Zano HagglorB (PI. 33 ; B, 1) la a Romanesque church of 
iioblo proportioiio. The uavo in its prosoTit form was begun In 
JJS9/ the uhoir dales from the 13th oout, ; llie projecting portal 
ivstg oil Uoas of red marble. The oliuict waa YaWV-j tcsSntei. 

The Fo%iM. if smbeJIlF'lied with nuTblo rclier« nf acrlplun] AabJocU 
MBCUted abonl I1T8, from the cceitinn ot woman and lUe Fall lo Iba 
^etrnfil b; Jndu >nd the GrattiBiiDn. The hDntlDe-acene la the rleht Id 
me of llie Inner BOcilons Is known u Ibe 'Ohsie nf Tboodorto", sn slloalon 
D hi) taailDg embrnccd (he heretiesl Arian doetrinea. TliE doors, of Hid 
una or ■ itil] earKer period, conaiitlng of h niunbiiT uf gnull bruui 
ilales with reliefs (Ihe nldesl yery rudely ciBCnlod) , are aaid lu bavo 
)eBn jireeenlud by Dukei of 01B« fon tho Hhlne). 

Tbs InmoB ia baroe by alleraaU pUlars and eoloraDfl. To tlu left 
if the entrance li a laree ancient vaae of porphyry, 38 ft, in ciieumferiinec, 

- On the choir screen are itatuea of Christ and the 12 ApiMtles, in marble, 

- The nails to the left of (lie oholr are coTenil j^lh bwcoes of thelltb 
ent., behind which are Irsiiei of oChen of lUmaUi; to the rii^t are 

luiir is an altar, on ruli aide of which are fcrur columns of brown 
narble, leslinE on lions and bulls, each in one block. — To the rl^t in 
he Choir, above the crypi, is the very ancient painted marble flgaro of 
,. a..„ D.,K_„ ... ,. ......_, 9(1, cent.), holdine his epiaeopal 

ieturs (eovered) by Manitfpia (UJaO), 
ent preaETvilion, but nnforlunatelf hun|! tw) high. On a Ilironc 
ui nruH in the nildiUe of a colonnade nils Ibe Madonna with the Infant 
Christ, with anieis playing on inalrumenta at her side and on the steps. 
Jh lh> le« wing are SB. Peter, Paul, Jabn, and Auvuallnei in the rlgbl 
wing sn BS. John tho Baptist, tjregory, Liwronoc, and Benedict. The 
>lflUnEjB>iet of tbia great work is enhanced by remarkably rich aseeSBO- 

lacions Cam, in aecordnnce vrilh the Bnolent 

Unrcli. It contains (he tumb of Bl 'zeno %d 
>ea I the capitals of the 4D eolnmns are mediffival, 

9 leads to Ihe admirably preserved 'Cleiatara, 

We najtt vUlt the S. E. QoAarRBB of tlie wwn. To the S. E. 
or the PiajiM dellB Erbo {p, 188;i runs tlifi Via S. Sbdaatiano or 
CappfUo (PI. E. 4), In wMeh a. hat over (he gateway of a oourt 
opposite the PsUuin SamboiilfaEi Is said to iiidioatn the houEB of 
Jnliet's parents (Capulettt; p. 194). —Farther oil, the Via Soala 
iHvarjroa to the right, loading to tho ohuteh ol 8. Mario dilla Scala 
(PI. 20, E, 4^ (funded by Can Uiando In 1324; and containing the 
tomb of Scipioue MafTel (d. ITS^i), ths Wrued atitiquacliii. Ad- 
joining the ehnroKis the Palatto 2'cdesehi , with a painted favado. 
- Cloaa lo tho church of S. Sebaitiatio (PI. 18^ E, 4| fs the Si- 
liateea Comunnle (open in wiiHtr 9-3 and 6-9, BUmmer 9-4^ 
bunded in 181)0. whiuh coiitaiiiB uumtMotu &iie>i\b«,W& ^vt'oi. '<1e>k. 
tappreaied nionaateiiet. 

192 Routt :il. VEBONA. Mu>to dvina. 

Thn V[& Lboki, the S, [irolongation nf the Via .S. 8ebastiarui, 
leads to the Pontp liellc Navi. In lhi» Btrrpt. oii iIip left, »t the 
conier of the Cortii^elU Leoni, siid tinllt Into the el<le nf t hoiiee 
riacH the 'Amo da' Leoni , thn half of a Koman doahle gatRWuy, 
coeval with the Porta do' Borsarl. but moi" delicately execnted, 
■lid bearing an ineoHptlon paitWly prBgened, 

A little farther ig the Gothic ohnrnh of B, Fermo HiiKgioTa 
(PI. 6; E, 4). erected at the beglniiing of the !4th century. The 
architecture of the exterior, with its faijade of brick, eiiriohed 
with marble, ia worthy o( tnapeetion. 

Tbe iNTamoR tn modernlaedi huntirn] old ceillnE In walnat-WDiHl, 
and lemalM of good rnmcoFB of the 11th ccnl. by Sma, fro tfarUti*, 
and Piutncltii. th« flneHl hdlne a CrDciaElan over )he left iUb sntnowl. 

To Iho left of tbo (inlranoo is a Hm 

■diolnlni; Ihr. left trsniicpl contaimi 

lamn d«Jla Torre by BIwIb Clho grigtnois .. _. ... 

earrieii off hs the French, and nre in Iho Louyrsli in the chapel to Ibo 

left of the ohmr ■ Madonna vrlth talnln, by Franc. Buoa^gi,<«4 lUSl), 

The CappcHa del Saprainenlo oantaiiu (left) an aHarpiece hy OantQ, 

painted in 1638; abova are the Virgin and 9l. Anna, below are John 

The Pantt delU Nav'i (PI. E, 4) in the Tldnity, which rjiininaiiae 
a good Biirrey nf S. Fenoo , was erected to replace a bridge a<!roas 
the Adlge, which was destroyed by an innndatiou in 1757. 

Immediately to the rl|;ht beyond tbe Adige, at the boginutng nf 
the promenade, is the *FHlano Fompel oUa Tittoria (F\. SR'/ii 
E, 5). an iiiteresting edifice by Sammieheli, preiiented by tlie family 
to the town, and now containing the Mvsea Civico (fee 1 fr."). 

On the OKonmj Ftooa tn flevernl rooms oonlaining casts, aollquitlCii, 
ulilEily from excavaUona In the old theatre near the Porta Pietia, and 
foitUa from the Honle Bolca. 

Thfl KBaoDtaga or plctora-eallery , on the Hnt floor, CDntailut wOftl 
prlDDlpaJty of tho Veronese soboul. The Brut and lecond tooiiu Bant«In 
the Oallma eimaieoM, pniienled to the town by Dr. Bemasmnii. 

I. Book: (rifhl} TO. rirpoh, Sh-IbH; 63. Cuari Vicflttc, tiadanDS: M. 
Tmlorttia, A Doge; 3i. FirufiHO, Uadonna; SS. Pimh I'tnmtM, A Vcne- 

II. Booi*i [riBbI) 148. Fronr. Buimiigaori, Madonna; 188. (above the 
door] eirelww dai libri, Madonnai Uf. labovo tbo door) Fine. Calima, 
The ICaei; 156. Fr. Fraaria, Madonna with two naintui Ifia. Ponareffitnlmo, 
Holy Family; 115. M. Bateiti, St. atapben; 122. Oana, Madonna; US. J*- 

Madonna and ChriHl; B7. Manilla, Madunna; tot. .diiiAnv"'. Portrait of 
Ibe <Schu]nT Falh'; BS. Sclf<ni, PretenUtinn in the Temple; 96. Adorallon 
uf the StaenbardK, attributed to Bi^liael, a ubarmlni picture of the Ilintniafl 
•chnol 1 "Si. Fra Barlolammta, Head nf Chrlit) 93. Corrrffio, Head of a 
child I 79. B. Jfotlanna, Two blnhopit. 

III. Boon: FnnrpiDtareibf.diii'reaSeUannu.-Kn. CoBf nriheplclnre 
by P. rmaue in S. Blorelo [n. lUO); 200. Qbmnml Btllt«i^,iioa<a.\ '199. 
Mortllo, Madonnai 189. Otet^fwi, AcMUeialSeviaai 182. JTitrcnin, Kadnnna. 

IV. Room (to the left nf the let): (rlgblj S8. Drawing by Maaltma: 
ass. OiolJIm, Uadonnai 267. Paolo Vtrenat, Entombment ; 289. fScluHit <^ 
/tiij>*Mi, Holy Family; 279. Franc. Chrolo, Adomtlnn of the Child; •340. 
PoQtc ViTooae, Pr>rtnlt of Oualliod, IA6«. 

ij l.»rl, XadOBiu akd s&inU, IfiSU) -IK. Siiaiu, Uadaniik and i 

VI. Rook: S34. C. CW>«IU, HBdonna Diid Chriiti 33L Tun 
ece, 0/ 1300; 33e. rwuo>, .Scenes ttvm the OIiiTealamunt in Ihicl 

ire through Ibu Qtli ind 
B»«H: Hathing doMww 

IVgrnlbe hlalorr of'veroiin"m /-. Pnriv'-T, . ■ ' : ' Xi; 

M'liM'Tred' narbkroiiH U Vlgul In liai; '<';t. /'. ..' \ <y <>l 

849. — XIV., XV., XVI. a. : HothlOK liuponnn', " 

Ontsldu the Porta S. nttoria (,H1. F, Ti, 6) U thu Cimiieri; witL 
a IlorfC OOlOiinarte ami lufty dorae-nhnrnh. The auminit nf Ilia puil- 
iment la adnmBil with a marble group of Faith, Hope, and Uliarity, 
by Kpnai, 

*^ B. Maris in O^ano \y\. 13; F, G, 3), aitiiate.l near the Island 
ill tho Aiilge, wafl orecteil from rU'xigija by Sa-mmlfhtU iti I4t^l ; 
tlie fa^de of 1592 Is anflnlahed. 

To (he Hgtat of the enlriLnce, shove the fourth alMr lo Ad left: Ha- 
donna wtth fuur aalntn, by 8>ii>olrfa. Thu ubapel on Uie right ottha cbnii 
conlalu rMuiiae.1 bj 0^\fii\a: t. wooden 'CTudelsbram, by Ft» 0f*n«>nl 

slalls in tke Chou nilh intarala (vlewl n[ Ihe town ibove, anbuqoei 

In froni of the hlgh-aliur ccini&la landsosprB )^ ConifMla and RfwaiDitf, 

OlDtPMsi, aid wilb A Madonna and soinU embo«erei in lemim and fle-irem, 
by Oiralomj doi W-ri; Urn coillnj containi (reicoea by FrmtMica itomim. 

8. Xuiuo B OelM (PI. 13 ; G, 4) Is bnllt in the RcnaiBi!aiiiie 
style, with tradoa of tho Gothio. The Oappella dl S. Blagio cont»1lia 
damaged fresooeaby fniranello [pTocesalons of NureUs in the dnme] 
■lid Bart. MoTilaj/na of Vicenu (hUlory of St. BUUe], The two 
pintaiGH on the Ist altu to the left, representing SS. John thu 
Baptist and Benodiotus, NaianiB andOelsns, are by the latter master. 

A line •ViBW of Verona, and its environs, the Alps and the 
diaCant AponniiKB, ia obtained from the Giudiiio Oiniti on the ^/ 
luft bank oF the Adige (^Pl, 0, i; always aecesslblu; ring at a gate 
(III the Tight; fee 50c.), BOntninlnK a fuw Kouiaii antlqnilios, bnt 
rMuHj noted for its niimecona and venorahle cypresses, soma of 
vfhtnh are 400-500 yeari old a,nd 120 ft. in height. The rjim- 
panlll of S. I.ucU and S. Massimo are conapicuous. 

The view la still Bner from the OaltMUo B. Pietro (.PI. B, 2); 
■leont neat the Ponfe dtlln Pletm, bnllt by Fra Oloeanda i^. iSA; 
permission obtained at the eommnndanCa olftce nV ftm B-was»«*V^. 
lbs ancient eaatle of Theoilorio the Gteal, l>\e 'M\wA*i<A'9«**- 

194 RMifc 33. 

Verona, see p. l&G. The line triTeraes m richly cultivtied pliln, 
Tuled (Mwsloiully with vood. Fialds of rice are pmeseil nut Mmi- 
tn». — 6 M. Daaiobucno. 

M UoNobuuiw Ihi Vumni Ann Kunao Rulsa* dinrgea (G3 M. I> 
S>yt-IV.hr9.;riiH» Utr.W, Bfr.6, 6tr.80e.(. SluJmi rwuw, /..*. 4 - 
ftali, finntfM, Or*o. — 33ii, M. Ltfuagt, a tawn of lC,ia> Inbab., 
Ufled bi Ibe Autriuu sfler 13l& (a dcfesd Uic puuge o< Ihe Adlee 
forming nim laeinlwr iiT the crlebnted Qudriluenl. Ibe ■■••■— •-—- 

Quiaman, BaJia. Iniiititra. l^BUa, Ctufo. —--,-, r- 

lUVx H. ViUa^nmcu, wtih >n sncient eutle , irhere the prc- 
limintTleB oF a peiea betweea Fiance mod Ansuia were ooiududcd 
on lltb July, 1859, afU'r the battle of Solfenna. About 5 H. to 
the N.W. lies Cutioaa, where the Italians were defeated by tlie 
Austrisns in 1848 >nd 1866. 

14 M. Moureant ; IS M. RoitrbtUa ; 22Vt M. Smt. Antonio. 
— The train now passes the CiUtdtl of Uantua, where Atxdttat 
HofiT, the Tyroleao patriot, wa shot by order of Napoleon on 
20th Feb., 1610. The rjladel and the (own are oonnected by Ibe 
Ari/att Mulino (t bridge eanstructed in i'iitT), which diiidei the 
lakes, tonoed here by the Uincto, Into the Jjifo Superiorc (W.), 
aud the Logo di Mtao (E,). 

25 M. Mantua. The station lies neai the Porta PradeUa (^Pl. 
A, 3, 4). 

MftntlUU — Eitela. A41 
a-3, A. I. I-.'/i. I'ninibHJ Ii;ifi 
ond^ intpendlheBisbi 
travUeiulMt. — A »«J 0' 


, ditva Id the (12 min-l ftil»i/u 
-' en drive lo 8. AsIkb or Ihe UBUieani. 

Cofi Parten^t, iiepasUc tbc Gmce Vurde (cap uf uoffec l&u,). 
Cub per driTs '^s., first hr. tfr. BOe., esali {Dlluwing i/, bi. fiOc. 
. Mrmtua, It*l. Anntooa, a Tery analeiit town fbuaded b; tlie 
EtTuaflaiiB, wilh 25,3&0 inhab, (.3000 Jewa), ia & provincial capital 
and atrongt; fortified plane, bonnded on the N.W. by the Logo 
n the N.S. by the Logo di Metto, en the E. by the LnffO 
Inferiore, and on the S. and S.W. by marshy land, which Iti oa«e 
if a alBge ia oapable of being laid under water. 

MantDa Is manlioned in ancient llmci m Ihe home of Virgil, who ia 
•Jd to havs been born at the TtUaEC of Plftcli [Ihe ancient Andeat), S M. 
.o the S.E., bat It wu not till the middle ages that It became a place 
LOt (mporUnce. In the conllicU of the liohenataut^n period the town em- 
1 Ibe cause of tbe Ouelpbn, In 1338 llie cltUens elected Liriai, l,or<S 
itaas, M tba 'Capilano del Popolu', and In him the town wa.i In- 
I fur iU prosperity. The Qanzagos faai^ht succegsfully agalasl Hllan 
enioe, and BuecaedBi in ellending their territory, while Ihej were 

ink oV dnke b 

rieiled. On IStb July, 1030, Hantua was taki 
B Anatriani. Allhougb the empemr, being hi 
aa ohliged lo cnncliidc a peace in I6i)l, the 1 

DCS by Oeneral Wurnu 

he fortr 

Peace of Vlllafranca the Austria 

etalned Uan'lua, £lliu 



the rut of Lombardj, but they were 

compelled to cede it 

10 Italy In 181 

Hanlna was Ihe scene of the 

Taaa. One of these was Ahuk" 

IflEQaa, who wa» ho 


- 1431, and entered into Hie ser 

nf I.odovlco Ganiaga 

tiflO. T 

prinelpal work of hi) eariier pe 
Eramltanl at Padoa. In the life 


eh of 


of bis cbanelers, he ri*alB the heit 

le he °I 

DflandieapB. Hs d^al Xanti 


e, and in hil refined 


1606. When Kapha. 

I's p 

l.pil8 Wl 

Joii*»o (1483-15461, the 


Ihem, ealablishvd himself at Hai 

Hon H an archilect and painter 

that Mantua has be«D e 


the 'to 

of Siolio Bomano'. In imiiatia 

of Eaphael-s work In th 


gh far 

terlof lo their protoljpe, are a 

live fmm the rlehnes 

SnS to the Influence which they 



Baltic* I 

JVieeirfA •lilP Abbatt, pupils nt ( 

Bomano who wsce 


Linoblean, and thns fo 


'lag lUk between Ihe French and 



The tntbt of the lowii is oiiiefly ciinfii\B4 W ftie wtiAt*, lA fe* 
iimtmdaCnxeFerde{Pl C,4)and 0\e PillxvldelUETl>e^J^■■0■.»^• 

t96 ltaulf.39. MANTUA. Frf.m IVnii 

ntisr >S. AndifB. Btyonil the Isltpr, in a smnll piazza In froi 
the Cainura ilt Commrri^lo fPl. ^I) , la a Statue of Dante, ercch 

A little farther on U the Ptizii S, Piktho LPI. D, 3), in the 
oentre ot which rises i rnonument to the political martyrs of the 
yeir 1851. litre are situsteil the CatheilrsI, the Palaizi) VvsRovtla 
(PI. 13), and, on thi; right, the former palace of the Goiiiagns. 

The C«thedrta of 8. Pietro (_P\. e), s cburnh with donble aUIeB, 
and a transept oovercil with a dome, »nd Banked with two rows of 
chapels, posseeses an unpleiaiitg modern fai;adc and n huge un- 
AnUhed tower of much eaillor origin. The Interior was skliriilly 
remodelled from designs by diuli't Romno'i. The nave his n flnu 
fretted Cidliog. On the Uft of the passage leading tu the *Gappella 
deir Inmroiial* is a biiat of Ant. CaprUno, 1574. 

The N.K. angle of the piazza iaoRcupied by the old daril p>Uee 
of the Onimag^s, now called the *COTte Ssale (Pi. D] , anil partly 
nsed as barracks. The building was begun In 1303 by Ouiiio Bao- 
nneaiai , and was arterwardi altered and embolllsbeil with frsscOM 
by QiuUo Romanfi by order of Federigo II. 

Hie <:un Indian's r<H)iu (.si'cond ]nrg<; gal? un tlia rlehl}, Ibe Uftieki 
»BU,A^Eiii>. l9 adorned wlih huming-si^enas by pupila of OMUe 
KoiuM, but Ihe Uiana orur Itio chlwDdy-piecB ia by bimneir (d. tUB). 

meuM In wliicb Baftaael's iBpoBtry, now at Vienna, wae furmerly ^renufveilt. 

rooiDl; l^n Ihrce 


but of a OODUga by Btnlat. Ttaa Biu, 
omhelllahed wltli fieacues by Uie pnplls uf 
pari nf lie pUace r " ' ■" 

Inla aesrdcn on lb e same 1 
I and niytbologicaJ reprESEnta 
>o (Vapoleon I. unce >lepl in 

walla by Caiipl. Tha Pic 

- ■-! Ibe left, by tbe door, ■ coM 

Buuu (Sala dcfU ^iceMJ It 

Oiulia Swutna. — In Bnolnw 


. _. , i£s Ibr^iu^h a seriea of nandaomvly ddcoraled roon 

Una ■PaiDlin«s tiy Oluiio RomaM, a dilapidated bnl Itmiiomc gallery ( . 
of Ihe lake), and lastly three small riHims with rcwEOei in Iba it^ Df 

On iheN.E. side of the palace is the B. Ttatro di CorieiPi. 13). 
The vaulted passage between the two leads to tbe Piazza della Fieta, 
in which rises the Castello di Carte (Pi. E, 3), the old castle of 
the Gouzagas. The churph of S. Buriarn (PI. cl to the S. alra be- 
longs to this imposing mass of buUdinga. 

Part of the eaiille iq sow used as AjtosivRS (open during office hours 
Ooly), and part of it wm b priiua during Iho Aualrian flupreinacy. tlual 

■ra fluw obliluraied. Thu unty onea wLlcb have lieen preserii^ and 
milurEd nrs tlinse on two walla or the Ciueka dedlt Sposi (flrat OuoW, 
•reteBlIng Uiu 'Family nt the GnDi.agu wlih iliRir cuuriiara^ on rb« 
' tflriuo flonsara with his wife BmIim* m^u\i«.uitte»n\ ob Ffce 
•d'tySen meeting Ms n.n Caidlnal ¥tioE«ea ttltnot- «*.<*■ 

*B. Andrea (PI. »; C. 1), 3, 4), in Iho Piazza delle Erbo, * 
chuTch of veiy Impaalag pioportlond, tlis fliicsl in Maiituii, was 
cteiitfld ill 14T2 from dBBi^iia by Otp I'luri'titlun Lton Batlhta 
Atbtrli. but the dnmo was not added till 1783, Thp wUiti miirblo 
facade, with Its ipicioiis purtiiVI , TeB»uibleH tbll of all anuieiit 
templo; sdjoiniug it it a square towrr, built of red brii:k, siid aur- 
niauuted by an olegint outsgonsl BuperstcunUliu nhh a Gnthic 
spire. The summit nffardi a gnod survey. 

Tbc iBTKHiuu. 110 ydn. In Ungtb, ii mvEred witl. mualve hAFrol 
vauUlnS. Uie |MnoJi of which are pertly pajnled. til Oiapil on the riglik ; 
ArHftliiM, Bl. Aolony BdmnaliliiBK Ihe lyranl Kiipliu., fpainUid in I8U). 
Al tUe >ld«i >rc InitiKt FrpTeneDting Hell, Ftiritatiiry, and PandllE 
HciiTiUne III DMilr. — Srd, Capprlla S. Laxi/iKO: on Iho led. SbkiiuIhiiu 
with the iMcripUnn: 'Longinl lyns, qni IkdiH ChtUli prrcuMit, «•»■. To 
Itait riglil'Is the i<arci.phatwa of OFCgorlus or Naiianzm. I'ke IrtntMn.ieKlgmd 

opiKHdW rtifo llio' llndina or Ihe facrcd Wood. The Kslnl ia mid Ui lioc 

contains Ibc woBoment of Pishop AnSrea-ii (d. lUB), cicculid In 1^1 bv 
CttouHiU a piipU or Michael Aneclo. The iwan In Ibir lienldlc ernblcm in 
the armOTial bcailii^ of MaDlna. — l^uum. Uartyrdiun uC St. Andrew, a 
fnicu b; Amtmi, a pupil of Fnulu Vecunci'c. In the curner to lbs leH by 
tb< blEh allar il tbc Diarhle Sgiir? "t Duke UuHlfelmo Oaniaga, Rmnder 

a iiiirblr crocilli and an ialcrenllng Kalue »r the /adnnaa and Child, 

rielrii SiruMi, nilh caryatldee, desiened by Ointia Eatnatio (heal imd 
from the middle of tbc navel. Anotber nnaumenl, with Hxr r^ciinibcBl 

AadrciL Uauleena (d.^lGWl, witb'hii'^'Rual in bionie. — Thi' wan»\re 
c.vered will! fre«cne. o( differcnl periods. 

In (ho vicinity to the N.W. is s i-ery extensive spwi;, planted 
with ttuea and botindcd by Ihe Ligo dl Mezzo on tho N, (drill- 
ecoimd), called the Vikzr.\ Viftoii.iANA {V). C, X), 2, 3j, adani<^d 
witb a bust of Virgtl [p. 19d) , and ootitaliiiug a handsoma arena, 
thu Tmlra l'irj;»Innu (PI. 16), whieb is used for opifn-air perfur- 
inanceg on annimer evenillga. B«yond tbe theatre, from the pafapet 
towards Ihs Lagu dl Mez7.o, a superb view of the Tyfo'fsa Alps ia 
rtljoyed iii olcar weather. 

1'ba Aeeniitmia ViTgHiiin.i di Scleazt e Btlte ArU (PI, 1 : n, 4) 
cniilaiiis fretcoas, acalptureg, anil easta of little value. Rchind it is 
the Lifto (PI. 6 1 D, 4) with » Library (a room of whinh oontalns, 
above the doors, the pottcaitB of the Qoiiioga family, and a Trinity, 
ly Subetu. eul into Iwo parts) and the Mnseiiiii. 

The muHum eonUhii lamc very Talnahle aotlquei. Near the enl.nncn, 
836, Brat of Earlpidea and that oF no unknmrn Oreok pool. crranenniW 
called VlrglJ. To tbe right of Ihe Enlranec, tumo uf a Minerva; liuKla of 
ennerarat IG. SaTcoph^os wllh the mylh of Medea; 31, Funeral, an ar- 
cbie Teliefi Be. Tiirto at Venua ; 3D. tlareophagui with a tnUte >A «u^ 
Anaionsi IBS. in lie centre (opposite}, *Ttmo <A "^wnw, Vn &«jJ»- 
oihlc Bfarai on a aquare ncdastal -, TO. ReWet, wrtifcV' ^^'™* 
npbtl a«6, ja the oonlte, ofposVlA, °n4, a\ta?\s*, ^>WW 

198 Route 33. 

■ relief with two portralls fri<m 

A short disUtioH heiiun, immediately beyond tho Porta Pudcrto, 
ibe S.W. g.te, laailuateii thB*Pal»Mod«ITi(;pi. 11; IS, 7; con- 
trantod from Tajetwl , orcnlt'd hy Givlio Romano , 4Dd contiinJiig- 
in cnmparatively Bmall ipartiueiitg eome ot that msatHr's UrgHI 
freacoes. Antechamber, tn the right of the cntraiifte , the euii aiki 
maon. let Koom to the left, the hvaurite horaea ot Duke Frederick 
OoiizagH ; 2nd Room : myth of Fayche and Bsrahaiialisiia 
Boom: roprestintatiuu uf the lodiao; 4tb Room: fall of Phaeton >nd 
nomeraiis imaller pintureg; than a flne open loggts. and several 
roomB nlth beautiful IVieioa in stucco (triumphal praeesaioD' of 
Emperor iSigiamand and trains of uhildren) by PTimaliccio ; next 
the oelehnted 'Sola A£ Uigatal, with the fall of the giants wboie 
figures are 14 ft. in height ; and lastly s veial cab nets harmingly 
decorated in the style of Ilaphaul, and au oblo g hath ng rooto 
wltb shell-nrnanicntatinn. On the o h re de of the ga den is the 
Cailno delta Qrolta, with its tiny hut exqusHe aparttuents 
its grotto entlrnling a small garden 

raiarft int«Kslin|! degDrlpllnn rir lie So a d 6 lan miky b 
nndeced as ftillotra : — 'Bccentrifi and lalfnl^a nu whdoxhw 
what he coold do. He agoOrfUnglt d nr n r > »■ < 
—a In llie pkJue for Mr - - 




palace, which .tanda 


hsieit, he ea.«ed a 


upon lliBi.1. the four 

Tanlllng, Ha Ihen c. 


erected lo mush oat 

dlCQ „ 

Uiey would fall, and 


he be|!«B to paint il 

n the 

Ingl a 


.eotlng J^piUr harli 

e hi 







Giulio Rrmiano' 

House, ai 

d tha Fal 

drtta Olust t 

, with 

Ita oo\ogsal Her:n» 

, built by 



Contra da 


*^'''"f^.« MA«t.A T^ 


Si, Be 



ThD train reaches the Po at (32 M.) BnrgofoTte, 
pflrtaiit tete-de-pont , the fortlfioations of whluh were blown up by 
the Austrlana In 1866, and crosaes the river by an iron bridge. 

37 M. Svaara; 42 M. Rtggiolo-QorKnga. 

About B M. la the W,, no lie road from Hanlus to BcBjlo, Hes 
■talla |yo«'.iJ, a small to«B nol far from the Po, with 11,900 Inhab. 

/o lie i6«i cent, gave itani ■ '—<-■>• ... - 

- TJf#fl(iia. Tbeae jirlncea he 

: I 


i6 M. Rolo-flovl. — 531/3 M. Carpi (AUitrgo Leon d' Ora, i 
« market-plH.^el, h town of 18,200 ilihub., with an old Cii9lle2 
.!e Pieo family, in whose duchy the towD was, aud a CntAedrd 
Silt liy Raid. Ferviii '•ocurdiiig tq the ralea of Vilriiviixa' {at th 
fd altar to tbe left s S. Carlo llDrroinao by Peraii.lal. — 58 X 
riicTii. — 63 M. Mndena (p. lid), 

33. From Verona to Venice. Vicenza. 

I n M. tt.II.W*! In a-5 bra, (f»rofl ah., Bfr. 10, flfr, BOc). 
'lw« senerally to tho left. 

Verona, aee p. 186. The tTnin ccoBBea the Adlge, and t»' 

1 GXtiemely fertile dUtrict, oovered with vineyards, malb^ 

aea, and fields of maize, and Intersected with ItrlgatipD treiiebnf 

NesT S. Mithilry on the left, stands the pinnacled castle (if Misim 
Wia, formerly the property of the Sualiger family (p. 189). — 4l 
, MaiUno. Tlie mineral springs of p'/j MO CnldSro , whl 
etraot many visltars, were known to the Ramans. FUtanuooa^ 
Ith the c-AStle of 5(iui>e, once belonging to the Scaligsrs, on the 
eight to the Itft, presents a good picture of a medieval foitided 

i^Vl. 8. Bunifacio. .4TeSJi!, S'A M. to the S. , was the scone 

he battle of 16lh-17th Nov.. 1796, between the Augtriana nnder 

Iviimiy and the Freneb under Bailaparte, Miestfna, Augeresa, and 

es. — 16 H. Lon^o; the village lies i'/jM. a.E., at the W. 

of the Monti Berlci, a chain of volcanic, wooded hills. — 

I. MontebtUo. Beautifol view towards the mountains; the 

Lndsonie chatMD belongs to Count Acrlghi. To the left, nn the 

lOl, the DBStles of the tfonteccAi; then stat. TnvcmcUt. 

30 M. TieenEa. — n*tel(. --Roila, in IbeConu, neur the P 

'ith a beer-|«aFilDn, ft. 3, A. •/, ti. ; Stki,!.* n'Oxo , in tba 

wla delle Duo Ruolu, a aidE-dlreiit nC Ilia Onriu, 

Ca^ PriRcipi Umr>i<-lo and Caffi Sazienali , (a tho Cgrio 
'iMiK de' BiEoori i 'RaOviii/ Ktilannml. 

Victnea, the Vifelia of the ancients, the capital of a provinc-,— 
ith 37,200 irih«b., liea at the N. bue of the Monti Bcrici (%<» 
aiove"!, on both sides of the BaceUgluMt, i\Ea,t Wa ca^Attewa Vv'On. 
BelroHc. Tboogb the bouses fot tlie moa^. pat^ axe w5i«ft»4.,"0^>» 


HI)' bo lermofl thi. anclenl lunguage of fiirms, nnd he »»*» It hb 

1 in hia buildings Ite orennii: i^nneclion botwefo Uc 

The Gbliif.chKruterisUi; of hit actaoil uuiulsU Ib> 
to impfOBsite simplicity of form, anil n .ery IiH>nDr 


liuiibamo sppunnce, 

Tbu tnwii IB en'tentd hy the W. gate , Ihe Porta del Ca>ltibt 

(Fl. C, i]. ImiDOdlBtely by the entrauct, aii the right, is the 

PulflKU f;u.!ino(iiowH6teldel.Ville); adjacciil, lo the right to 

the ?.W. augle of the Piazsa CnBtt;lla is ihv, Ciiia del Diavolo {P<A- 

Olvila-PoTlal, a. largo uiiDiiiBhed paluRe 1)y rallsdio. We next 

follow thi- long CorgoPrmcipe Umbtrta. On the left tho new ohurOll 

S t ppo A P b A hoit ciDis-etreeC opposite, on the 

ligh ds h SQamD P D, 4), consisting of a biotd knd 

V h , the aisles having been can* 

d rably raised abave the re«t of 

d e, and a vrypt below it. To Uie 

H d or epi^DOpal palace, the cDuit tit 

wh oau ful, but uiniompleled arcades. 

ri\ db' SiOHoEi, with two ool- 
1 iees the 'ValoiiD del OonsiBliD, 

h d nble aeries ot grand and hrauti- 
b lorlo, tho upper with Ionic wl- 
delLi Ragione ttown-hall). Tbeae 
t Palladio'a earlipst workB. The 
ght. Adfaeeiit is the ?Vi6ttnul4. 
h liUllUbcd lAKgfn ittt Dtleyato, 
BO bj Piil\»,4\Q (\^^\>, »Aiw»ft^\ft 

lo Venlct. VIGE^ZA. 33. 

Bliiuli U Ihu Uunle di Pid^. lu thu I'iaina, near Ihu lissili.^a, ataid, 
a ^oail Slulue of I'utludio in iiiscbls, by Qajtiaai, crcnteil in 1859; ' 

Oil th« left, at thi> E. eiitl of the Coreo , is thi^ biiiiU C 
F,iUadif>m.b\, E, il), the fatade Of which wbh oiicepaiutBil 
lo the right, in Iho Pia/.ia Vitwrio EinsiiuBle, the — 

*KlUMCiviBe(PI, 3D; E,3|, establiahi'^l in the /'<ilr[:c<j ( 
jHiM, one of P«llsdio'B fliipst edilleea, whii:h was seriously ii 
in 1848, hut restored ill 1850 (npeii daily y-J. i.i-lfr."). 

On llie anoosn Fuwk, RumnTi »n(iivii(iri fi-..[n nil i,n,-i, I 
cunlaiiiii l^e 'PiuHtnia |1L^ ii.^n.' . .'"I ' |>L>'hirc!i n 

hefuTB 1 

'a UiLdonan 

38, 0.>.,J 

KBrt Apu 


Hni, «tc- 


,'' 'l" 



int, IS. Ma 


- 11. Koan 

: 8, TVMas, 

, •&!, aran 

da Coatiilia 

D, U 


81. J«rum 

and John 

Uie B«pUal, u B»rii 





« hch«d 



flBUty Ml 



form, ana 

J; 51. C«ti 

mil, Id d 







no da 

.Vl(«»<> (» 

Mdr. M 




« Sitioof, 


r>iUnd in Ihe neiBl.boarUuud uf ViCinnB. 

InthBviuinityisthBTeatroOlimpiootPl.fil; E, 3; (eo '/aftOi 
ilnsi^ed by PBlladlo, but not completed till 1584, after hiii death. 
It was iuaugoisted hy the perforuiaime of the '(Edlpua Tyialliius' 
of Sophor.lRB. Palladio la said to have adhered to the direntionB 
gtvBn by VittuTiui with regard to the noHBtru^lioii of ancient 
theatres, bnt the rOBult difters niatorlally from what would h»»e 
been anticipated. The perspef.ti'B of lbs stage is very remark- 
■blu ; it ia closed by a fatide adorned with Btitues, through three 
doore in which a |;1iDip90 af the dlatattt landscape! i« oblaliied. 
1'he originil orchestra In front of the «tagc U 6 ft, below the 
present woudBii floor. 

Beftidca the above nicntloiiad , tho follawiiig Btructuros of Fal- 
Udio may also be noticed: PnlnzK Potlii-BarbaTimo (Vi, 34; D, 3), 
.Ttene (PI. 48; D, 3), Volmnrono fPI. 49; D, 3), Porto CnUeoni 
'rPl. 45], and the itotondi (see p. m> 

The ehntnh nf B. Corona (PI. 12; E, 3), a hrich ediUce with 
ft plain Lombard favado, contains Kive Saint* by Mtm,\*iijt«i- 
.(■Jud altar lo (be left), a "BapllsHi l>ti:Untt\>'j « . RtUmi V.^-^*- ■^^»»- 
fe the left; About j4y5J, an Adoralion ol V\iu Ua^^M " "— — " 


■202 Route 33. 

(3rd altiif to till' rigUO , and a handgoine 
ihfl tight of the iihoic. — B.Loreii«olPi.l9; C,3), in IbeConttBd* 
di S. l^ieii«o, hu > Guthin fa;ik<l(i which deaoriea notlM, and cqii- 
tuHE (an the left) the tomb of B. Monlngna (ji. lOOt, by whom 
the >ICar-piccfl on the 3ri3 altsT to the right, rBpresentiag ISS. Lu- 
leuxo still Vluoemo, was painted. — B. Stetuo (PI. 29; D, 3] 
COntaina, oiet thH 3td alUi to the left, a lar^ 'Altar-piuRe by 
Pabaa V<ifchin, thi» MuIoiiiib with SS, l.uflia and George, sn art- 
idiisble example of the UteaC peiiod of t)ie oisBter, amoiiE vhciaa 
flneflt oieatioili the two sainti miiat be renkonod. 

A walk to the pilgrim age- chiicch of Madounu del Monte on tho 
MoNTB Rbuicu U [ccomm ended In the mnniliiK before the heat of 
the day, or iTi the aflanioou when tht aiwdeB afford shade. The 
route is wither through the Porta .S. Giuseppe! before passing through 
which the "Ponte S. Michele, PI. D, E, 4, prosaing the Ketroue, by 
Palladio, is seen ou (he right^, ot im mediately to the right from the 
lailnay-Btatioii, past the ViUa KaTolyl (PI. D, E, 5) and acroBS the 
railway, to the annds leading to the ohuroh, a paeaage isBtlng on 
180 pillars, and 71 & yds. In length, whinh was sharply contested 
in 1848 by lUlian irregular troops, who had fortified the Mil with 
its lillas, and the Austriana. To the left, beyond a bend iu the 
arcade, a view is Obtatned of Palladiu's Villa Rotonda, The chuFeh 
of the Kad0niiadelHoate(Pl. 24 ^ D, 6, T^is In the fbtni of a. 
Greek cross with a dome. The present left transept was the original 
iihureh, erected in 1428, and adorned with pictures by Monlagna. 
The old refeotory of the mpiiastery [shown by the oactistau] oontaiiiB 
the Banquet of Gregory the Qreat by I'aolo Venmeic, which was 
entirely torn to pieces in 1848, bnt has been restored with thn aid 
of the copy in the Piuacoteca. BebiJid the church is a uutuuuieiit 
to those who fell here in 1848; to the right a.n Italia Liberata 
dedicated t« them by the muniuiplo of VicBnia. Plcaaant view 
hi'n«-M"lfT.^blo tavern). 

Oil thi- hill of S. Sebaatlauo, at the E. base of Monte Berico 
(not visiMi' fmui the road thither), I'/a M. from the town, is 
tiitUHted llu> celebrated *Botoiida, or Villii Rotonda Paltadlana (PI. 
(I, 7 I iif the Mari^hfBi Capra, a square building with aii Ionic coloii- 
iiidii, Burnioiintcd by a pediment ou rach ot the four sides. In 
l\<f eciilre is a circular hall with a dome. 

-n<e. Cimelff'j (PI. F, 1) cnnlaiiiB the grave of Palladio (d.l580). 

A BaAFCH-LiNU (30 H. la l-i'/i hr.; fares Sfr., 3tr., Ifr. 3Bc.), n- 

coBlly oiwotfd, runs from ViceDia lo lie S. by Duailli and Thimi (Alh. 

jElim LnmX irJIh a ohaieau adomud with fresooeB by Paolo KfrMMf. to 

^llB f6B5 ft.; IfSlfl BallaHn alia Croti d-OfQ,B,. Vl^li.i StUla J'O™), 

U yitH 3Uf} iaiab. and eittaslvewQu^iatWrt^ei, l^'Vuiw^XMium*- 

Airy between Ilkly aod the Tyrol, and Uisbdo icscaidH the ri 
"TnHo tn SMtrrdB 12V/-1 K. tiom ScblD; g. U>. 

i'oJanu is the only etatioii betweoii Viuoii^ts and i'ailu 
.try Qat. To the 8. iti tbe dlatancR , the Mouti Eugancl Q 

49 M. Paduii, see below. 

To the left, a.a the train proeeeds, the Tyrolese Alps \ 
eeived in the iliatance. Near 3bt. Ponte di Brenla the Un« craMea 
tbe Brenlfi; at etat, i>o2o s lofty, alenilei ciinpuiile; at (61 M.) 
Stat. M'lrano au arm nF tbe Bienta ie nroBsed. From (66 M.~) IHettre 
tbe line to Trieate by Udine divetgea to tbe N. (R. 37). Vemee, 
vith Its dark bine line o( tonurs and nbarcbes rising frotu tbe sea, 
now gradually comcH Into view. The Islands with thoir groups of 
honsos appear to float Iti the water. I'lie line passes Furl Molghera 
and two large ha rrackn on tbe luft, and reaches the ijumeiiBe Bridgt, 
[222 arches, leiiglli 21/3 M.. breadth 28 fl.1, by which the train 
UTOBBes the LaffUne Iji 8 niin. and reaiiht's the station of |7I7> M. 
Ymict (see p. 2101. 


Iba Plains deiJlDli; 

now Qarib. 

dt, &. 

torn 3, B. 11/,, 

D. fi, L, and A. 1 

/.tr-i ■CaooanXtao 

(PI. biF.( 

, in 1h 


'balJ, B.a./.on,. 
argei \ AaDiu Kiu 

ilbu. »/.. , 

. •!*■'/* 

r., good tnisin 

, and modersle eb 


1), i" 

and beloBKine lo 


adjoining Ibe 116 

jlFartii DdbCsoci 



'Obo, Via 8. Halleo 

1160, lo lb 

IS. of 

be Via 8. Fcr 

ii' '™F^^3|, unpr 




«/>• <PI. SSj B 


th. rnl,e«lty, a- 

impcHilne ■! 

; 'Viltaria, in the 

Plaua Vnllk d'ltoll. |or de- SiKno 

Pedrucehl ; 

liri'erkl di t^raao 



imi' BTO ttaoie 

or ftom the station 

i h. , luigaee MS c 

, Vi br, 11/, ft 

. 1 hr. a ft. , dri 

e In the town 00 e,, 

at night 55 

c. iBort 

. OrHniAKKi r 


owing walk Is 

fed jlIalEht through 

the Porta C 

a(n. 0,H,3t 

lefl pBBt Ihe nhnreh 

ol J Cami, 

H I'Saio 

a adjacBnt) lo 

tbe Fimto Hollno 

and tbe Slrada Hag- 

giore foil 

■Sana III- Siimoi-i 

(or Uniti d'llBlia), 

turn tnlo 1 

IS Fiaa 

dii Fmlli to 

Ibe left, pull Ihr 
oe Iho Cafl Pidrot 

ugh ihe ano diila 


tie Fiat 

a diUe Erbi, 

. „_. e airada di 8. LoroDia and (wlioro 

>l Santo') again lo the right islo tbe Saleialu di S. AdIodIo leading lo 
le 'Santo (Sruola, S. Oioryio, JfaiMO dviai): Ihen back Id tbo CatS 

Mi to the right 10 the 'krimllani and *9. AJtuiniiala. 

Padua, the capital of a provitira, with I'lG, 200 iiihab., sltnated 
Oil the Biicehigllane which flows through U \h sfictA ^nKo^K*., 
mmapieB an axteusive area, Iw toftaouB BWeelft we s,e\ve!:aa.-^*»^** 


201 Jci. a 

»itli low and r 

important tliuroiighfarcs hiivi' tocoiitly bouii widpiiea liy ' 
moval of llie portlul uii une sjdn. ^nio of (lio iifimeroiis lirld^ea, 
wliicli DcotE Che aUTcreiit aiins of the dvcr, date as ftc liirk as the 
tlDia ot th>i Uonjaiig. 1'ftdu& enjoys tho reputation af Iieiiig the 
choapeat town in ft. Itnly. 

Padu* IraOes llB origin t., inl«iior, the mjlhioal King of Ttoy, Mtd 
lirDthor of Priam, unO in (he rrign of AnguEtiis »wi Ibe weallUi^Et tiiHH 

ago tllo lown luuk lli.- |i|iil nl' lln' iMnlrln , iirvl ill IJIS ^>|.ji«iriteil Jo- 

itntateA by the prim-i'i i.i \ < nm:! :ui,i iii n i.iii.ji.' nix, iijr,', :inii n'ura 

at lenjlh oWlged t-, ..i,,-i,i.i,i ini, « i,. i..>ii. i,; ,„.VL-a to 

T«Datik The U«we,'>d,,. I, -.1 l,i ihc io..i|.,.,-..r iT,.,l,.,i, k n. i.. 1238, 

ItBdOWf Fadna a i,Tj niiM.uw ,.r l.-iir ■- 11, ,-..i,;l,,„il i\.,. wh"1e ttf 

the middle agef. 

pulaliun a^ the great fuiMi] ol' llalian scieDCD kaving attrtcMd Bltiati fiM' 
mini' <>tb<!r iiincea. Tbiia the Plorentlne nasten Oicllo, DonaUns, F. LIpfi. 
and VerctU. I'nund abundant ocoupalion liera. The achool of art faii&a* 
bd bare by SiinarciaHt in llie Bral halt ot tbo Utb cant, exhibits a atran^ 

cmued a Dumber of vouug irtisU lu mike druvingi Tram these modeli. 
The graalaal Padaan miBler was Jiadni, Jt^Htigna |p. !ei>l, and the 

trlnal mo/a In whkh Iho oMtti, werg ^aitroeted, and to their prodilecUan 

*S. AntDDiD [PI. 1 ; D, 4|, (hn Bssilioa of St. Authoity of fa- 
dlu [d. 1231 ; a, mjitijiiporary of St. Francis of Assisi), uominoikly 
kiiotrii as 'It Santn', la euppnseil to have been dsslniod by 
Niocoia Piiwiio in 1337, but waa tiol begun till VM. Thft 
prlitcipal pari of thn iihurch w»b coirplBtod in 1307, the rii-^_ 
inaludfir not before 1475 [when tlio dnniea were laUed}; thS' 
whole was restored in 1749 after a flc<>. This lut structure witk. 
its iSTDii domeB ta larger than S. Marco at Venice. Over Ihi^ 
portal of thn fn;iidB, which la 117 ft. In width, KUnda 

the wiiit; in thi' lonotti- 



vithRS. B 


and Antonio,. 

a freawi by Mimleijnii 


■u i. If 10 V 

= . in 1 

PEli,, 49 yds. 

in width Boroasilir trari 


j'.>:i fi. iii 

■ .riiiro. The 

nave and iiislea ar,' s.,|.| 


■.yvU.- {.11 

■ S..M,^,lUT 

nholr AOn tains eiglii < Iij-^ 





II'' Btjlp, nou- 

Ulning the treasury of S 

. Ai 


The IntvtoT, now w 


,vu l-rpb 

W, on 

^ eoverad with 

fraicjiM.^^ entrance, in Ih 



he rigbl an 

ion a 

-e two handHoa 


be Bapllsl 


ist, dating Iron 

tlie beginning of the 160. 


Rfani A>6CK. Bj Jbe 

■ t Di 

ar a 

with 88. Peter, 

FaiiJ, Bernard, andAnlhony, an 


VliM^e lis A 


-i«CH*p.i..' AJIar With 



ton» \IY itiwiWM 

ScHOla dtl SiMta. PADUA. J4. Rnult. 

p.-JDQ), Mid on U>B riebt, <lu[ nt Ma bob. 

HioHT TBlMMPt. •rifM«II« a. ft««, reBloMd hi 1773, with ftcaw™ 
mm thB taillurv of Chrial ind St. luata, by i4lt«eAi>r« da dentil anil Jae. 
■— DM ilUr of lawj. 

deBigDei) by Smiotim: ttia fumade 

„ -.r pilJurB nanpned with reliefi bj 

Mallei, and Tamman Oarcii beXwnen Ok live irebea irs tbo BvviEidiJiM. 
Tlw wiJU are pmbelltshod wilb nine =HBlIofe of Ihu IBlb eenl., repreiBnl- 

oT B muidered womin, bf OfsFaDDi Jfarfa /"ddarano: '9. Beiiisiiltiillon of 

AuMDDin'i; Q. Kcsuscilalian nf t child, bepm by /hmiH Oilloiin, aBd 

the eorptv of a miflcr Ins'toad ot a heart (IS^SJi't. T^IIto £inn»anla, Cum 
or a llniken le^; 8, HirBcle with n bIum, began b; FaiovBiui, and Sninbed 
by SMlBi "B. 81. Anlbony oousos a child to boar lealiraony in favour d( 
'a* inolhcr, by Aitt^mia Lombanto. — The boned of Ibe Ainl repose Itenealli 
!bo Bllar, whicb Is alBD adorned with many toHvb tableU. Two nia«- 
BlHecnl aJlKF undclabra, borne hy aneeli In marble. The nhite and 
Koldn ornamenrif.hs on tba vaulllng, designed, according to BDrdlcbardt, 
by ndiVNrlW or ^Dcajta Sameelao, and -eiecnled by TVcinnD Minio, are 
iif great beauty. — On the If, aide of Ibe choir Is the Capptlla ait 
A, ZatM BittHdl, a pupil of B. Anthony, with fFesooea repreientlng Ibe hii- 
Mry of SI. Philip and St. James the Lesi, paiuled by Oiar. and 4x1. /Vla- 

llitid (d. ittTil, with two ngufcj u jnpporlers, two prisoners in lelters, 
Hd tht lifc-aue Btitue of the admiral by Si'uilo li darl: -MnnumeDl of 
AMmKi dc' RotullU (d. 1160), uf an arthitectaral chaTaclerj by the Inal 

5 filar (lit from the W. part»l] Ibe raonumenl of Count Biceo : upiHuile to 
. ii Ibe laal allar , that of Si. Slanislaoji , trilb a >buH which onee he- 
longiid to the kingdom of Polsud; adjacent to it ii a reUef by Luiyi Fer- 
rari Id the memory of Ihe Princess Jablatimita (d. 1B46]. 

Old Testameal, most at Ibem executed by Lilians, a pupil ot UonaU'Ilo, 
at the end of the 151b century. The feiiurei of Ibe full-Ienitlb flgure nf SI. 

the Bymhnla of Ihe four evancelijits on ibe right and left are hy Donaltllii. 
Adjacent to the altar Is a brsnie ■Candelabrum, ltV> tt, in height, by 
Aadrra RIceia, adorned with a variety of Cbriatian and bealben lepre- 
senlationi (1507). The -Crueifl. In hronte, with the Virgin and tba iutelary 
Minis of Padua, is by Banaldlo: Ihe marble work ia ntlribuled to Oiro- 
lowi Campagna. Above Ihe door at Ihrj back ot the ambulatory Ii a terra- 

Navi. By the and pillar oA 1helettlhe°lIouumentof.H(HMnriroCM- 
larini (d. 1553), General ot Ihe republic of Venice, with ill slaves a4 
suppoTleri. By Ihe opposite pillar (W au the righll la the Blmple and cbaBla 
mounment of Oanlinal Brmta (A. 1517) ; by the ith pillar on Ibe left Iba 
munumcnt ot the VeneUan Admiral thtnmvmiu MicAail (d. 1657). The 
S^rBiBTT contains some mliSBlci in wood by Ihe brothers CaBmia [IQIb 

The Cuhbtehs, entered from Ihe 9. aisle (several mDnnmcnIa and 

The Sancttiki (admlulon 6tr.), added to Ihe church in lUW, cim- 
taini a valoable calleclion of admirable •Ooldimia-'t Wort ot Iha lAlh and 
leih centuries. Including Ihe marshal's bal 
with Ibe tongue of St. Anlhoiiy, a Gothic i 

1 flwito (P1.^5iD,\^,tt(iV 


206 Rontf :i4. PAmJA. 

thDaEa<:nilily-liallart1ie ItrotlierlKiod oFSt. Autbdiij, is ailnmed'^i 
geventeeii frescuee repreiienting, like ihoas in tlie CappeQft dil ' 
Santo [p. 205) , gReneg ttota the Ute of the saint. Seveiil of ^leiii 
■re by Titian, who at the time of thetTexacutioD|;i511}liad trans- 
furred Ilia reaidenre to Padua, prohalilr in DDnsequeime of tlie de- 
piesaed siRte of Venice after the war with the League of Gambrai. 
Written catalogue tOr the iiae of visitors; best light in the after- 
noon; fee 2a c. 

By ttriy PsduBii mutsri Kns, 4, B, and 10 ; by Duamica Catapacnuila, 
cbnsen by Titian a» hia asililant, Noa. *2,3, 9, anil 17) Ijy TUIan, So. •): 
at. Anlliniiy pying spencb to a chlldi 11. Ths lainl uvu a woman wkd 

The TTJit arc painteit by puplb ol Titian. ' 

'»o doubt tHe Inaeoei at PaAua arc CTeationi of a maiUr and a an- 
lourisl, yot Ihc game maiter did mBDy limes better In <jil, and unleai «ra 
au))piiN(i that the walJa nt the Snlu are »u ahangud u l<i have loat all 

The andent Cappella, B. Giorgiot adjaoent, contains twonty- 
ono adrairablo fresooea of 1377 by Jacnpo d'AvniKO and Atlkhieri, 
discovered in 1837 by E. Foiater. 

Tn Ihe riBbl, bBlow, ia the legend of St. I.ucia, above It Iha leEcnd 
of Bt. Calharinei to Ihe IsR, abnye and below, the legend of Bl. George. 
Alljtf-wftllr Cruoillrtiin, Ciirnnnlion nf Ibc VirEio. Wali i.f tb« door: 
nighl. inin Eeypt, Adumlion nf the Sfagi, N.tiyity. Aflernooo IIb1» 
lODit favourable. 

In front of the churrh ia the equestrian *5(ii(ue nf Eriamo da 
JVnrni, sarnamed Oattamelatij, commander of the araiiy of the 
Republic of Venice tn 1438-41, oaat In bronze by J>unnleUo, the 
first great sperimen of bronze -caatliig of the modern period of Italian 
art, erected in 1443. 

To the right of the church of 8. Antonio, establiahed in the 
S.W. cloiBters of the snppreBsed monastery, ts the Koiea Oivieo 
(PI. 49 1 D, i), oonuining tlia civic library, and (tUl the new bnild- 
liLg ia teady) the PiaaeoteeB ('/a ff-)- 

eaaiino, Hadaona'with'^S.^neU uid Catbarine^ 12. lor. LolloW, Ha- 
donna and saints; 8. Banifacia, Same subject ; 18. nojaili, Madonnn [frealy 

retouched); ST. Parii BardBai, Chrlal and Jliirj M>BJ»lf- "" " 

Croa, Hadaona; lU. flfiteif!), PoHrallj «n. SqiiarMnar. 
other aaioti; FaiievBninB , TSB. Judith, ISS. Gulliiihelia, 
hhnaclfi 7i0. Onrofate, Holy tfamilyi 673. Palntenann , 
Hepclo, a. PalrliiPi 6(B. ftiolo AemiiH do Saist/fi-rila . 
B»iBti(5ia. - ■ - — ^ .. 

nWog, liy Uagni; SprinBi by 7e(n; Girt ptivin^, *1V Cam«ini«). 
lathe Ff»del iSsnto, No. 3&b0 ^W ite'E., t>ia.K*W«VUi^,'ni.'ai 

ETtmiUiBl. PADL'A. 34. Ro«U. ^ 

mLilut ol' a neglected garden , Btaixls tbe dilKpiitaled PnJuuo a ,.^ 
ttniani, bailt try Falconetto fur Luigl Coniaio in 1524, and llnefy" 
embelliahed with freacoeB and plastic ornniiientatLon in stucco. 

•Eremitani [PI. 12 ; F, 4), an Augustinian church of the nilddla 
d( tbe 13th cent., judiciously restored of late, vitb painted vault- 
ing of wood, Is a ver; long hnilding, destitute of aialea, mlumtia, 
and piUars. 

On the rUbl nnd )etl are twn a)i monitmenta of PrLnc^a o( Carrara, 
tbeanciontlordjiifPsdu*, inintylepeciiUartolhis town. — ThB waUi of 

The -Cafpella S. Imam k CBiaroniuo, adjolDing lh» rl|;hl Iraniapt, 
la ombelllslied wilb oelebrated freicueB, fnnning one of the llnast aliitins 
ipeclmuiii nr Upper Italian art. Altliongh now considerably damaged, 
IlieBB pictures are sUU Tcr; attractive, wLils Uieir decorative parts abiivr 

for DikB]' ■nggestiune to Its stud; nf the antlqus. The Eiaii|;eliile on tbe 
cellln( are the iioorcst. and prolublx the eerliesl part of Uke work. Thi 

Ibe St. CbrittuphEi nlth llie Infant Clirisl it by ^Dua; the two biehest 
scenes. repreientiDf St. James as a worlier of miracles, and 8(, James be- 
(urB the king, are by an unknuwD master (jEdjijiiiTJ,* Ilia adoration of Iba 
■lent nint (central section on Iba right) Is by ^iwijna ila Forli. The 

fifroli Fiiiolo, >n sble master of Padns. who died yaang. By far the 

MtUTioHA completed Ilie cycle in Uie second half of the IGtb century. 
The left wall presents to us tbe life of St. J^mes from bis csjling to his 

The Exeention lod Burial ut St. Christopher, the lul plrtnres on Uie right 
wall, also by JfaaKimn, are sadly Uijurcd. — The lurge rftat-rriief of the 

wbo worked fur a considerable time at Padua, hnl'viaibly iDtluanced tbe 

high altar 

enUnB John 

be Bapthit, 

piece by O ... 

a monumental relief, by CanoPD. 

On the N. side of the Piazza in Irout Of the ohutiih is the 
anttanoB (^Itfllosed, ring nt thu large wooden gate ; fee '/s f'O *" 
the ■Xodoima dell' Aieiui (Ann^aaiaiu , PI. 2 ; G, i), aituated in 
an oval garden whloh shows the outlines of an anuleac amphi- 
theatre. The chapel, which is oblong in form, was oreeted by Stro- 
vejfno, a Pnduan architect, in 1303, and its walla and vanltiug are 
completely uovered vrilh a series of **Fresaoes by Oiallo, mast of 
which are well preserved (restored by Botti). The period of their 
execution is determined by the fact that Dante and Giotto mat at 
Padua in 1306. Morning light is the most favourable. 

Darraled in tbe apocryphal Proto-EvangcltuDi and in the New Testament, 
and egd, according to ancient ciiatnm, with (he List JcnoHKNT ijibiii-A. 
OB Ihe ootranee-well. Tbe lut work Is miioh. iiAiitei, mA -^ii* -vxiJwiiSci 
emoul»dmrire bj Oi olio's ;iuiiila than by tlie mwrtei ^li-maeW, ■«^«»S>^ 
/( Bii»a(»*B»b/yreyea)cdonly in Iha ijracetnl Btoie ol t1iAi\. »1- "^"^ 

208 RouU34. 


anmmnded by apo.ll.s, .ng 

f lli>: choir- 

Vir^n from Ihe rejeclioo d 

rgiH and 111 

M> T-Fnifle are uinrkeA by t 

Ko« tWBiss Willi the Annone 

Chtlil ud IhB ev«nlB of 111 

ministry ii 

ohjngtni nui of ihe Trnnplo. 

Mai/i, the Flight i gyp 

iiieht of oi„.t,/5 gi 

TniBU Kuw, w_b ia 

ftf JUrfS. (.0 Ihe 1 ft 

bllily oC his eon 
Bdd«a ■ most nlT 

Wlto Jhow every egr 

tta virglr^a'i d, 

kefpins Willi il5 el 

M Ibe Lut Jodgm 

Vlcli>« on tbat »d 

ftneeU, above Ihe 

portrayliig (orniEi 

™olion. - The Pre 

. Tlio fri-KHUUSf 
Ihd blitarr of Ihi 
Hary'i brldil fi» 

bL — ThB Skiio»1 
:pI«lB thn yOuIll tit 

' ^s; 


IT hand, 

the Iwek ne lbs alia 
»o»Bi Hfaco, 132 

Near thu Porta Codalunga , in the vidnity, is tho church of 
I Cmrmlni {?\. 6; 0, H), with a. rtome and Urge choir with sin 
diapels on each side, uid an Dnflnlshed facade. — In the ad' 
npen space lises a monnmeiiC la PHratcK, erei:ti^d by the to 
18th June, 1S74, the SOOih aiinlTBtsary of his iloath. 

On the right is the "Seaola dd. Carmiiw [PI. 21 j G, 3 ; 
baptistery i aaoristan in the cloisters], with Badly dnmaged rreBCoei 
from the liven of Christ and SS. Joachim, A.ntia, and Mary. 

Left, nit'iin, Healing of loacbim and Anna, eiHinied still earlle 
Ibe FroBcoM in Iho Scmila del 3»ntr> (p. WS), 'a work uBwoMhy a( 
Ihe mailor"; llimlama da Sanla Croat, Birtli of M»ry, Presenlatinn In IbK 

l«r-piec'e, Madonna and Child in an allituiia of ienediilion, by Palma 

The Falaita OhuUniiml, Via Pciisio, contninB a private pIctiiTe 
gallery, including BBVeral portraits by Titian (among others the 
BketchoB for the poitiaits of Philip BI. and Fisnota I.). 

Thu Cathedral [PI. 11; K, 2), »ith a plain facade, was bnilt by 
RighgUo and Delia Valle abont l&QO. The BapluU^ ( PI. 3 ; E, 2), 
».rtJoiniiig it oil the N., a brick stniotiiro of tho 12th cent., Is adorued 
with frescoes of 1380 by Ciou. and Anl., or by Giialo Padmntu). 

Tile Paluxa dellK Bngione (PI. 37; E, 3), briefly known m R 

Salone, situated between the Piiuza delle Erhe g,iii) the Piszi* do' 

friilti(orP. del Peroniol, a 'Juris Bniiilcn' at (lie inscription w- 

,^KR&, was erected in 1172-^19. U\a ce\6^iWe4toT\M,s»»*:HiAl, 

with vawlturl wiHiileii ui'ilitiy, foruii? J Ly thii removal of li 
aioii-vrsUs after a lite iii ii'lO, uiiil ptirlinps the laigest in Eunipg, 
91 ydfc iJi h'nglh, 30 yds, in hreadth, ruiI 78 ft, in haiglit. 

n Irroilmad of Ihc fiiniilf "f tlie biiUirinii Ltvy, 
«on iiurn nl (|i. m). the wiiUfl nn mI. 

Mirtlta and atlii:r» (frci^uUDil) reimicJii'd), riipreieiittD^ the innucnuBUfUiii 

llndiiF the lagsiB toiTBrds the Piai.zs dei Frutti, and that towardB 
the PUmb dellc Erbc, both added in 1306, are llomaii anllquities, 
cbiefly inERrlptions. 

The fcilloiviiig palaces tlsn merit iiiupeulloii: the Paliuio d«I 
PodtsOt at del Musfrip.u {Vi. 39; E, 3], I6tli neiit., lu the Pim» 
ilalU Erbe; thu modero Piilmsn i/clf; DeiiU in tlie Eame Piux&-, 
and the Fal. del Capitanto (PI. 38 ; E, 2, 3), with > clock-lower, to 
Ihe PiaEKs de' Sigiiorl (now the Pima Dniti d'ltalia), wliiuli vim 
it vf the Capitsno, or goveniur, dniing the Venetisu aupro- 
insey, anil now contains tho university library. 

1'he Loggia del GDniiglio, or Gran Quardla, in tho Piazza 
!' Sl^-tLuri IPI. E, 31, by Biayh HotstUi, is a very elegant 
Bsampla of tho early llfliuisii»n<'-B Btylfl, posaeBsing a deep vustlbiilo 
in open arcade aliove a hrnad and lofty flight of steps. 
eVniTBTsitf LPl. 47; E, 4), opposite tho Caf* Pedroochl, 
is (iBtobliahBd in a building calleil 'JL Bb' . trom a U'cni which 
e existed In tho Ticinity with the sign of the oi. Below tha 
handsome iwlotiiiades in the court, ereeteil in 1552 by Jiie, San- 
\s iasoriptloiis anil armorial boariags of dtsttng- 
nishcd 'dii« aeademlci', 

Padua has also dedliutetl a number of nionufnenta to thi.' '<iudi~ 
•ret /'dtofini' , or sliideuls of the university, who di!;tingnished 
them»tlv«a in after-life. A double i^eriKs of titutoes adnru the 
"Piat* della Valla ("PI. (1, 3 , 4), now called the P/"sci VUIotIo 
■■ - 'e II.. orlaumlly a graaay dale, now a promenade, in the 
limet row to tlie left. No. 7B. Steph. Bathari, 75. John Soblaki 
'qui Pata*. ai^unt. ilumuus ingenio, patrflm rex etc. illuatr.'; 
Ill tho cxleTnal row 2'iUiO, Arioiio, Pdrarch, dalileo. A few of 
Hilly foiaew artistiu value, aacli as thoee of Foltni 
and Captiio by (/suova. This spaolous Plata presents a busy 
ureno at the tinio of the fair (ficni), which begins on the f^EtivvI 
'St. Atilhoiiy (13th Jujiu) anil Uata for a fortnight. 

On the W, side of the Prato i& the Loyyin Amulca {Ft. 40), a 
niiidcrn Gothiu sttiictnre, nseil by thn judgoa it Uvt VotSH.-it'BJt 
kald on the Prato annually , on lltV June. ^e\i)w m4 •Cftss -aiS** 
■miBca of /htnte »M fMotto, by Vlnseiiio ViiViv. 

.BMmiua. ifij I, MB Bdlt. 'A ^ 

au» dbnun p. !»«', and, 'b motlo ngr In itudin itl 
pitlun MuiBO di niilKi! li>d>k> ni^t lacio pniimn 1-adu 
'lIutlmlA 11. ISX>\ 

To thu S.E. or t^e Pnto i> situated the cliurch of *S. C 
[PI. 16; 1^ 4), III eiliflce of stilkiiigly noble and imposiiig fish- 
ynnlwii. cnmplettd in 1516 by Andrea Siccio or Brioico. The nu- 
adomnd TH^de o( btiak iE approached by a handBome flight 'of 
twelve fltepn, of the entire breadth of th« atruiture. The Intcriiii 
consisls of a nave and aisles, hordered oa each side by a row uf 
uhapelfl. Tho aialea ato roofed with bacn-t vautUiig, the nave with 
thtfio flat domes. The traiiEept and uhoic are teiminated by Hmi- 
i^licular loceasea and ennnounted hy foiu lofty cnpotae. 

lranM|il li Ibu nBruophagiu uC St. Luka, in Itie riebl tmneeiil thai of El. 
MntUicw. Otof the biah altar, wUCh cuntsing tha Idmb oT Bi. Joiltu, 
Ik Ihr) 'Hnrtyfjom lif St. Jusllna, byftiato V^oniai. HaeDiOcaaUy camd 
■Chnli-slaUa fmin drawings of Oampai/nola (IWi). in 50 different Bectioaf, 
•acti roprrei^ntin^ a sulijcct rrom tbc New tesUmBnl nbo.e. and una 
rmin the Old h.iluw. In the uliapel on Ibc rfglit .if Iba rtaoir Is rapnusfllid 
Uis VitvJn vritb tlia body of OJirttt, at tbr li.lus Ji>lin und Hary Kaedc 
3«i^ • l*FEo group Id niarbln liy PariiOi |l7lb i-tull. The njd ehnfr, Ue 
mlB rumaani of (ho originsi Church, also imssuwus ilnv iwrved ulatla. 

In th(> vidntty la the Botanic Omden (Fl. Ij'i^ C, 4], foonded 
iu 1545 and one of the oldest in Eiimpe , n.<U stonked wltH t^nv 
peuiiliftT to the anuth. ^^^H 

39. From Vicensa to TtevisD. From Fadaa i 

Faun Vi^RHZ;! TO TniiViao, S! H., railwHv In 2'h bra. ; Farei 5fr. DO, 

Vitettta, Boe p. 1H9. — 8 M. S. Pielro in Ott,- 10 M. Corml- 

gtiimo, heyuiid whii'h the Bratta ia nroBUcd; I'i'/s M. Fontrttwott. 

14 M. CittMleUit, a town ot SHOO inhah. and (he .ian«ti<)»-fM 

ibe PadiiB and llastMiiio railway (soe below). The Calhedrat mm- 

(alns a Last Suppei by Jneapo Bminnri, — 18 M. Stat AfoftEno 

'ii M CutdbULOO 1 t t y to n -u the oentr 

C|p s the birtb- 

thedral la a 

M th ater; lu the 

an es e, and fonr 

m the vnU 

ot pictn 

m da female 

Mslnrea. — The •Till* 

ufUD npnfcB. of u ihe 

Ilia JToidr, ifler Ihe neighbonFlne vlDug 

crccWd hy PaUa4io, nnc 

ja cclehrnled tui lU fresoOM bjr rtiuio Fi 

■mUDK llxe b«al worka o 

Iho masler. 'a aericj nf mylhnli.^c.l re 

mtiiins mS sccdbs tmm 

in oa, -Willis. nUD>l>crn 

■ Ihe lllu'ilve Bgiire! »o frnl|iicnllj- iiaed 

mrt Df ■ iBle purl'id m 

tiaBce, n glrfuid a p. 

biin Hd Cnpidt, The 
Ine> of Iho CnBdH 

eiUdf of the c™' ball Is dBuomlofl wiili 

the Onds, And the Fbui or Ihe OTirls on 

OlympM. TLose wh., wish 1„ oI^UlSb a Bood iS™ „t n p».rldai. 

of llie lumriom Ifith oe 

etamiHa UUohed to Ihe > 

/w-ia. — The rotum-drlv 

Istnns («M Lelnw) In 1 

, hr/ 

la'/a M. Ai6ar=rfo 

30 M. I.trana! 33 M. P«.e,- 37 M 

vi>a, Koe p. 260. 

FmmPADUi TO BiaaiHO, SO M,, hiU«»j ta H/,-aV. bn. ; fit 
3ni. 18, Ifr. 95c:. 

Padtui, see p. 303. The train crosses the Brenta. 3 M. Vigo- 
dancre; 7M, CampodaTStgo ; 9 M. S. GloTgio delle Pertiche; 12M. 
Camposimipiero, wUh 2700 inhab. ; IB M. Villa del Conle. 

^t/g M. Clttadttla, aee p. 210. 

25 M. Roatano ; 26 M. Ro«i. 

30 H. Buiano (*S. Antonio; /Morula), a chumiogly situsCed 
town with 11,700 inhab., llie seat of a bishop, and snrToundert by 
old ivy-clad walls. The bouoes of the niarliet-plane show some in- 
teresting remaiDB of the early fa^de painting vhich was so eonunon 
ill the towiiB of the Venetian Terrs Ferina [pomp. p. 360). 

Near the market is the Civio Mcsruu (open during the middle 
ofthoday; adm. at other times by fee), uontalning a number of 
worliB by the Da Fonte family, moat of whom aoqiiitod the sut- 
lianie of Bnitano from their birlhplai^e. 

Ru<.ii t.^ Awctiu Baiiann (farlbcr iif Jacopn), Uadiinnii wllh SS. Pa- 
ler und I'aul; Jacopn Sniinno (IStO^) the moil eminenr of Ihls ^niiin 
n( trllaln. who nU painl In fais insnner), Hallvlt)' uf ChrlBI. and St. \'ti- 
rntiBB haplltlng a dumb glrli £eandPD Bauaita (A. 1093; loo nf J»npr>), 
Furtnil d( Ihe Podeita Capello. — Buoii II: VBin/il, LAndioapB, fonnerli 
in Ihe poueNlun of Canovn. — Uuuh III. ; The aiiglnal modeli for Co- 
Binn'i VeDui and Habe, and enstj of Oaniiva'a wotki, — Ad adjulnlng 
riKim loDlaina b oolleoiion »f Taliu of Ihe srtlala. 

In proceeding from the Museum to the Cathedral, we pass the 
Pliota del TcTfaglio, which command! ■ noble prospect ntthc 
town, theriier, and the Alps. Jnst beyond tliebriilgoi to (he 
right, is a small nalS with a balooiiy. 

The Catsbubal contaltig several works by Jatopo Baiianu. 

Neat its N. entrance rises the once Coclifled to■«B^atV-■Lxo^^,\^li^ 
|he rniBl tSblbclia (eader, now partly OECQplei^>^ eMlVwtwyiJ"!* "A 
tfe mtbedrtlf and nffordlrif a lorely ^iew. 


212 RvattSlt. VENICE. 

■Ilie Villa RtLz.uui,u,, V\« M. I'r..«i iLi 
(lUiFr woiks of Ml, ail uil-pniiiting Ity Cmiot*, repreientEn^ Ale 
DaBtb o( SocrateB. In tlii' suburb of Doreo Leone lies the ViUa 
Parollnl, «llh a betiit[tu1 pnrk. 

Hlfa, 1706, fuuT dnyii aftrc tbc IibIUr <it lliiraredu, having uinKllad lIStliM 
rnini Trcbl In Iwu days. Tbu oovcrwl woudm brldBu nv« tlu tlt<al4 
iiecBiitm' Ilia pl>OE t>{ nne whiub tbe Fccngb IiJbw uji iid Ihat uucuicia. 
— In 1S9 KwHdeim elevued the diitrlct of Shisuki inli> > dughv aaA 
eunlerrrd It ^on bU lecrQlarj of nUle IfqrFl. 

fdnigiiD. Caiiota't Mrthpluee, )a hgnuUrully aitunli'd at Ihn hue of 
LlM Jfli'.'e Ui-apjm, I'-' M, Ji.K. "f UwanBH. A Kiiud ruad t<i W Ulkdl by 
/loMnou. Ibc liirlbijlHi^i! iif Kn/cliBii. nod I'vu'pitiio. Thv dbiirnta, In U» 
(iiFCU ul aniroulsr loui[j1o. ana ilcsignifd by (.^inuvD, cunlJilni hl> toDib, M 

mimr. 'rhf f^bumh And lb 

qnmlied bt Canuv* fur (he purpose. tLg 
cuntalst inadela uil cuta ut bla wucki. 

From BAa(>AHu Tu Theki. dUlgenoe thrive dall; In 10 bn., ■«<< p. 43. 

36. Tenics, Italian Vetiezia. 

ARinl. Tbe Bulwai Statiok in iin the N.W. side ur Uu low^, ■! 
the and uf the Cuniil Grande (PJ. U, d. 2; il^e t4^wn cifQce is by the Poftte 
del Pl^nulii cowp. IdIcihI. vill. - Good order Is maiatLined at Ibfl itailgn. 

hlB doBtlnilion. An sniile eii|<|ily of i;L>ud»las and 'UmDiboB-bOats' li ti- 
ways In wallingi but Ibe latter sre not reuiiiniBHnduil , beiDg alow, oHew 
nrowded, and amirding ni> riew, Oosuula (bp. xtallon to an; pHt of 
the city IfT,, eaeh t»i 15a.; w)tb 1wi< Towers double Ibsae cbwini. A 

word!" 'basis nno!' ~ Gondola tariff for Ihuae who arrive by lea, tea 
p. 314. — OnBiBua Boats ply, on the' arrival of evorj train, fri)di tke 
■U^nn to the afam ijft Cartas tnaar Ponte Bialto) and the ffantllt. ' me 
3bc., eraiulty bn., eavb JiMvier arlicl* of lugKagg IBo.; the iHWter 
bBlJiB()Bg to the boat, *hii eodvoya liigpagL- lu the bote], a^o laipesia 
idle. OioBibiH boBU (u the JIallon (in * mln.l ulaH rrnio 111? Jfoh , B. 
or OB planielta, '/, hr. before Hw dapartura of (aeb train (Mislr alseim 
K IffliM llist bHdE Lb Po tciiUaFagUa 1h1 the /"«lf< /Alv4>J 

Rotoli a dhte yaSoEnm Oum H Bo Pam- 

n Pb»4 nh d Aifiiu B MinU w tn d » tha h 

eftlnbR EhP Docwlh 

b It 5fr Kb 

a Csoal 

d ac na th C nol I 
H % H PI B 

A Fu a ru Hakad 

D 4 fr C ti 1> Bom V 
n ID U F KH St Un. k Q 1 

VBNtCB. Jfi, llMite. 213 

^iu lU^^J-.a^^ uf^St. Mark, PrUCnrMiu | 

■angcmcnt is made, ^tut 

llio BiuiU. Mosqullo-curtnins tiomoWsre) ifford 

Jnal IbcH perUDuloni Inlcnden. I'utlllBi ('JMUmt nmln 

,lo<ik;Mt» di 1 

Ofpnu wid Bamot arc a 

1-, 'Qnolbilfii, at UiB bouk or 
'Venlee lanl'd by e 

rtunod by flowar-girlt 

f m. iror*, S, Bida: • Julian , toai U 
SpmM: 'Qitaihi (recnmiaunddd Bjr I 
tbe riglil ol (he Fiauelta, beauliCitU, 

»e of calls at Vcniu.' The li«li(, old Vvnei'un 


n th<^ lUlliin, MO p. ik, Vrnm Ihe iilEi,incr< lu 

'oM reqiiiwd) 10 e„ iQgBBgt IBc, Fiir 8hi>ri, dlitsncfi Blr»rg»in rinvM 

FflCM for IJlB pjnduls, »nd ev™ fiir Uw I»rDt if not hMvHf 

laden r'^Htn 

ukd'), nniiHM ErenicF speed ihiiii hbdhI iBdesiiw). Para lan«r 

diaUiKc, ho 

«vw. .uch » ic. the Udo, iwd row™ ufl de»lr.ble, h>1 <n 

Uil> cue > 

iirBsiii miy be m^Lde witb lUe guadcdier for > secand. —Tlte 


innu. B. UiiB», snd Lidu m included in Ihe Uriff. — Vor 

luDger .ll<1> 

dsa the cbaim per honr &od per gondolier Is 10 o. miMe, For 
llei> B bBrgatn iui»t bu niaile. UfJlelnui loilerern wto mUl 

IMibli.: f«tW 

dlaenibiirk eipecl n BTBloiry or i few cenliniM. 

Tbn pHn 

cipm bUUod of tlu gondnlu <■ b; lb»nun»B Ip. Sffi; Pi.X,*,). 


Iid»tib]f H^ed. ir unr dirilcuUr aril 

Th« londalleri nre. u s eU^^, 
amill gntiiily ^nes l.r lowirds .iiTur 

■nidu |'Guid«s Autoiis^'l arr lo W , 
Sv>mi in Ihe Ptaiu of St. Hark. Sacb >i' 
fortiet of vIdIIots nre (nqnently fonned i 
cMdOet theiB Hi dU the principal itgbta i>i 
b imml]" — •^—■-■-' ■'■■- -J— ■.- 

A (uaally 

fur fmndolu, 

from the PlacioiU lo Ibe baiba ilie. \ Ibu Wi 

niunlbi only. Ferrr from the PlacioiU lo Ibe baiba lUe. ; l.bu word 'hwm' 
ia a mfDelcnl diractiDD to the gondolier. Swlainers (Ifr.! atik ■' -*- 
MtablldlinieDt for a Uikel Kir the 'Kum' Ibaiinh a separate bath V*' 

«■ 'flMWrvHo'/ comiiHin balh fw 1»dli!» {..iira.l Ifr. ""- "- 

•rJadlei 3fr. Ko emtuiliea expecleA. Thu WtVWnx 

Sb H6e, the iraler at luw tide twine >t>D.ll>vtt •.«& woaa^. 


- - -^ - 



su I h \FNKt' 

Jfl Fo 



Ln U UelgW^tlhaBewuiDE 

odJ ind IbB Lido ioUmln r. 

^,^'?"?i^h^cESE^'l'-S: * 

S&e) S>U Ifr [for iftdei 

b Mlncrlben fn UkiiE car 

billu u 1 favourite Cu/I R i v 

tkilanat tailr wubsil nenr a Hana dflla Sal U 

1 r2fr 

PracUfatiel.coho iSfi 

Mark >1 Wfl 

t Vaniae 


from tbo imi leet W about &U i lo tl e large s 

«» 38 by 

39 ineban), c pisi from drawIoB^ 1 (i, (rnm r g 

nal p ture» 4 


alia in IHe Pi.™ of Bl. Mark, 

Edit OHea tC/^iiD dtUa Poita; PI. BH, F S 


he ilrsel- 

cornfw, iBiiming iiul Ihe 'Via alia Pniilii'|. £•« 

PU»a of 

l>Ria;h DCBps 

(PI. l(«i 

F,'4j 10 tbe W. of Ihe Piatia of B1-' Mark. 

ap« p. aU3i 1. 


(aoddn ianmiorO, bm p. KB; lo ^^Itnmdrto 

n Egypt, a ve 

«el of Ibe 

P. * U. Co. onpfl weakly. Tha {ifOua of Ihesa p 

nipn^il^s arp in 

tbo Pi»7.- 

iiMM, and in tbc Plaiia of Bl, Mart, uidiiT lliu 

TfcaatrH. £a i'Mfw U'l. lUOi K, 4), tho J:<i 

Ah«.<<P]. 102^ E,l), a>flt,.locie. KamuHU'; >' 

tPI. 10aiF,:il. m^irl^r J>-.W»-.'«f !Vu(re,Ci.llo 

Bhopt. ('111.' r.'Lou.i,.,'ii.l,,iiuna aiid eien lb 


placu or i".:,(iii.-!i li.iM il,.' .il.ilol' greaUy Inorcaalng ttiti pri. 

m popip. 

fntrod. >.i 11.. < :.r, u. ih,. j\«i<i<^ai.Jfar 

, Id Ihe Jrurii- 


and In II..- f,.-.. . .,i. r. .1 ir,.u, tbe W. ewJ u 

oppocil.' 11..- .I.....!, Tli. \.',M.i.i.n |Marli> aad 

/ ibo Pla>i* of Bi. aatW. 

jawellarj vnj 

y a bL«b 

ropuiati .1 ,. , ■ ■ . . ; 1 .. , .. md ot|,(, o. 

ip, Slan". 

^p^';;;'; ;;; ; "; , X7',f,"n"i;' 

Ibp Xmp^t^U 

1 I'riLmla. 

.if««'.'. .;.■ 1 '. V';„„p,. a. viiV. 1 

- Crr»tBj-war.'H, It<M„, «. <ll,.^„„„l l.rl,,..rn,„ . 

Foana (buUi "n Ibe Canal IJrau.i.j^ l"}ii,,. /.-. 

Canal Uraodc, hy IhB PU. Fn..::ir> .,.. "i" 

Touia); maliiM, a]» on lh« lirai..! . ......i . 

S48i L<. Zabrr, Canal anndaSm. - V.-i..' 

near B. Oallui unodern al Ibe li^n,l.i J. Urr 

fiiUu uas. " 

puiil. Ike 

Tclegrapb (IfHco. 

liUbitiga ef Art In Ibe Palaiwi Nocanlgu 6 

Hi>n>idetlii. adw. tUu. 

EDRbab Cliu»b e«vi«, l'ala>:i»> Cualtrinl daglt SuTi^Dl', Or. 

near <li<^ Iron bridgi% — «»«* PriihffvUn nu 

nd L'ana], 

nol rat froin S- Harla doUa SalMte. 

pfoiliolty rtf 1 

a naa and 

Ok l.aeune. inialidn whu lolend winl.!rlni in 

YeniPB iliDuld 

be pirlia- 

U ara lo 1« fn 

nd in Ihe 

'1.- I'anoBclB 

amp [mm. 

■ •«»«. Moist, W. of Ih. PlaeKa «f 81. Mafk. -«. ^ 


H_~ nwrOw Ibe OanlTiJ nu utbiir Pity In lVa\s 

a Wi\ W. ■»wwfts\«-'»"^ J 


~ ■« Widk Uiroiigh liie JfB-iwn 
UIBiiii will ODUiip; 3^/t bi 
irt Day. '■■S. «b< ■ ~" 

tit Mafaiart Ip. 2S7: > 

T- ■" (p. aw)- 

Srt Dky- ff' anlfuhn (p. »S)i P«l- 
UrWSli •tfa<l«ma itir One ■- ■•"' 

«»»*, aus), 

Ull Day. •5. «u«>Wn Ip. 2451 ; 
ia«>< a «Mla (p. aS4)| «. fm-ra™ l..._ , .,..„ .r- 
open lal 3 p.m.)! etonJftt* J^WpIW ('f«w, p. 3081. 

Uutly uund the Chnp<iK«l> of B. HKrcn (p. W 

Thiim wliu make i lonatr aUy auty prutetfl 1. , 

raOHl, tinA mftkr encurriilBB lu the K. (n Marone luid TV>rcc»B la. 9(10; 
lin. tbero nail hukl) tn Hie 3. to JfoloimURi snd CMofffit (p. !ue]i -^ 
Kvery 'eisum bnur nboiild bo devnlefl lo S. Msrou md its cnvimBB. 
Admindiin is eoneHll; oblnined iD Ihe — 

Clmre/itt frum 8 a-m. lill 12 or 1 u'elock, iflnr wbicb AppUuttMi 
nnst be made lo tka McrintAn fHoruiilfl, fee 60e.), for whom ons of ba 
offlciniu limngerj in the neigbbmirbmid oi«y be seat (5c.-). 

'•AtaaifHr IP- 381) dnil; 10.^| ■dmission on week-dnya 1 b., on Bun' 
iiji and bnlldaya Era,tlB; clnjed un New Year's Uay and Easier Band^T 

'Arnnal (p. 331), on week-days, S^; clnaud on Buiular^ and bOlldtyK 

■JTuMn Corrir |u..31S). Hond., Wed., Ski., 10-4. 

The Priralt FaUttt (' Fmantmtit, Emo-Trivei, Fivi-Wmpfen, PttArt) 
I genecally abown between S or lU B.n. hud 3 or 4 p.m. When Ibe 

fl porler 3&m-, 

tonn^itf la often dispensed wilfa (foe to 

finn'w Uaiifolo (1193-l%ai, who oonquered Coutajitiiinple in 3lL bi 
onnsedUEDee of tbin the Bjrtanline Empire vrm dividrd, and Voobf'tfk 
t^Dud possession ornnmeroiu places un Ihe coasts of the AdrtdCwiA 
lie LBtiBl. fmn lo Trebiaond, and also nt tonal of tbcJOMb 

Wlfle Onek AKhlpe]»sii, including Cmaia. Burvnt 

t«ertnis Had rating (hese new tcrri" ' ■' '" ' 

fiMncrtts or nOliiM (jreNll), wlio 

Uj^uat ■Blboilty Iwcune voakd in ■ Hont Clnmeil ef Tut (OuntifU' dtl 
Mtal}, wbd kipL U» whnte vtmlDlItniUon of Iba clty^ ud aim Ibu tun- 
»«anaM Ot lit tonlgn fnlley entliely under lliidt conliol. Vroa. tbis 
•uuBDil Iba tailmiiiUlon wu developed In Uie IBlk eenlury. 

Under tbe <uU(Ui>uf« of Enrico UniLdolo tlie rrnHMie iinDerweot K'r.-tf 
eimUsU with Qkioa, nliiuti wiruiuned tbn John of in«if <'f Ihe Veii.alin 

Uie^^ ur A«dra)^ariiil\Sin-SSi P»dui. ™Ven>nn^ oJino.i , lii.n'^!i.'rj^ 

UM .iibji.e 

"'Hwetii^-a'.aeeeHar iru Fro'eita farniH (U'.KUiTl. In U'jil HnHiii 
fell into tile hnnda ot the Venutiu generaJ Carmaf«ola, bnl in 1431 kis 

■nd ia 1133 be grn ececated. In iUgthe Venellua BDJncil poueaaloli 
tl CruiDB, but were unilile to prevrint tbo eluT^lion d[ Stan» Lli tlie 
" ' ' " ' if UUikD (llOUI. A asd ending miiUsi the tone »tl gin- 

omader. ZUhJune. 138U. 

Pence wu eonclod 

^jWmAi Vnlir litm-iM) look p 

osHHlon of the 111 


ruw, Aigu, otc. Under MM 

eta sum, rUUO.Ul 

ilaMUa conquered Vlcenxn, Scllnno, Fellre, Vem 


UUe Uu> lepubHe gi^iied poHa 

laloB of LapanU. a 


d BruealluV In U 

ngnrr. In J4IB th 
Xlipoli, nad i 


ndoa defeated Ifae Tarklib n 


10 tlist Voni=8 - 



sudi, he wu depoied in 1107 and died ■ few 
CHiufrm Man {iiUl-tU tbn Horeu wu couqii 

on to Ibe CunnuU 
Ml and other pri- 
ays BttCTWind., — 

"coraamt w"""^! 

te" \j Ihe^iilMd 

nnmbErt^d 2UU,(JIXI jnhab., nnd wu unlvtmiJly respected and 
admired, lis annual eiporU were valued il 10 uiillion ducali, k miUlDm 
■ ileli werB ealiiaated u clear proBl. U piisieued 300 sek-going rBnacIa 
SOUO Bailora, ud tUUU (mailer craft with 17,UG0 mea , aa well u a 

e republle orer the Mcdittrranean. But already, in the middle of 
Itte IBIh cenL, an uvunl bad taken place, which east an didIbuui ghadnw 
he future of the Uepnblle: the capture of Ciinetantinople by the 
^« lu H63 wmplately u""- — ■ ' - -- " 

k tiling to jierfecUnn, Bliei a glorlnui : 
~~ 'ihc ateuing ol tbd iGtli ceaL na 

VcXTn lSB,^="!'rii. . ■■ ■ "■ ,'-'Jl'" . , __ 

Mil FUMIS I. lit Kr: il"..''l Hi| 11.1, „li., vi'py prcjndicUl 10 VanW*. 

hut Itn (lower vmr iindi nmibpu imm ;i nil hy lis lOBBtimt sUndele 

sS Obloa, Parni, and alhera were liuil, Bud in ISIt Cypmi, noMUIl- 
lUDdtne lU hrBTc dutviTDe liy Arofrndina. lu the nivsl faBttLe nf LeunM 
(IM Oel., lari) tbe VeoeiiBn dset giestl; disiia^iahnl iiriElf. Uia&iW 
ilJDiul .>f CBndliL nru Iwnq.lorBd by thB Turk!. In IBM the VeneUlM 

t,ai eonquefBd Corun, PBIr.e, OoHnth, ele.= In 1896 ind 1698 Ihej ■»«• 
defeBted Ihe Turtlsh HboI*. and by IHe pMoe or Carlowlli In ITW tlwf 
ratilnitd poMeaslQD ol fbe Moreit liut in 17IG (be Tarki rouonquufld thi 
psDlnsnli, Hid in 1T18 were confirmed Id Ibeir pouegalon by the PeMB 

Frcnn thlA period Vi:e)crj ceuea to ooenpy b praniliient pnsiUeo in tk* 
hialury of Bnrflpe. It r^Uined ila N. IlBTiBa posntaiona only, nluerTei.B 
■IriEl Hutrslili in b11 Iho conlesli ol its neighbours, ind eontlnDed tt 

10 liWjuifl (IW) Venuii* wu kdjudge^^ 

iTTluled by Ibii apfoMi^^ 
— .Dok poaseisian o(theellf\M 
JlaMii4 (ITeS-DT), By tha t«w 
■», eni bT U - ■ 

bdIi (inelnding perhBpA NicMtft i\tanoi 

■ 'Bid. Their pBlBCM, wbiuh, Ji' ' 

Dlilef eiBmpies ol tlothir, yi 

atiia, a Io«Ei> on tbe Bpper linn ■ i i-.i..wji ulnun togeibef 

In thn niidue, winHJij tren-liid r.iil ' . i" i I'l'i'jitiun of pJhint' 

inu, nd «erywhoro ftlmndnii''. ' ' ..Js^Ljr. KHMBplcji nr 

LhJb atyla are tlia Gik iTOra, buI th. ,"..' . - s - ,,, M n I iiW period Ibe 

. . tar/y Bsii»iaeuic« hiiildines Bl Venlte liew 
ttTTuactay, hui are more rietaly decoiktul, 
■fUeiiltllua feeulUi ta Ihe euUest verioi. 

*.l LUIE Inng^ 

AJngns Ibe n 

out imporlMt 

en nr tbe Lm 

nrdi rsinilr. 

,nce H*17.1ST0), 

M^« A.(l»* 

nTu (ifiis-iaao), 

whii innnsurila 

& new Br», 

sp«rlsllf in cha 


g the ft.;Bde U. 

linglB nuige 


H »»» Bcamntti 

rad LoHghma. 

il-M rrh 'itieiOMh 

who denlgnod 1 

ta atalMiy OB 

dor'n) wu tbe o 

oM fi.»oBk ef 

he mldfll,- ;^r- 

!^ rtlf'of th 

c 16lh cent the 

growing iHte 


oed Ibe immeroii 

fVenlcB. The 

«j«. oritoH, 

of the io 

«6«ni( Iprobiblr 

Ot MtilMl, mil 


«,pm-a», »K 

he mnul 

iBipmlBiit. A I a. 

Inter perlud Ja 

u ibe ]«><riii 

here, both im 

n sculptor end 

» sKhitert. 

!■ wnrkt, tbon 

* otlon 

dentenei chiefly fa 

rpirtoHJ effect, 

aalne tbM Ih 

Viiloria Id. IBOT 

«D1. Bispnpil. 

ere 0<.'..ifl«.o 

_ .__ ..lighbourioe P«duii, 

by bit inauenre. Id Itae IStb cent, Ibe most oMeil niBDwn •.< v enir.e »era 

- - ■ -liwD la Ibe JfniyiniH. An «v«nl'or gn^l imiwiUiice, wbicb louk 
■ ■ la SfiMiiKn, Hbo 

pl»« about 11T3, vu the viall 10 Vsolca 
Inlmdnced pllntlag in iiili. ibe metbod bea 

.__ .... _ „, Alior Ibe impulM given Ih the 

idasB nubnul by the lihDnn »[ Biinarcliuu, ita ntyle v»t more or le.iii 
iilously adopted by the Venellui miuteH (^fle Crivrlll. Ja^tipo Hflliai, 
ther-ln-liw c>r Uenlegnt, ud otbiini. Aa ■ luitsr of ibe piiri' Vi<n.:tiiin 
pe we molt neit mention OiofitH SelUni {1430-1616) B mn i.f Jiicopii, 
ke llnlile, Itai-IAUT), wbii may be legardadj both in tbu sli'l'^ »f bh 

nlrei, u the pnmanior ut Ibu gloriona prims uf Teu-stian paintin|. 
Be uf hbi eoBlFDipoiariei wan Vauiri Cmlfivxit (d, nfler I&IS), a livalr 

iidrisbed about iiM-lHOSt, falenn, and Moral MartbiU. 

Tba flrst of IbB great oaatem waa (Nm^Ma (Siirtiiivflia, t477»-lE>ll], 

nt being an nllai^pleee at Caatulfranco, a portrait at Bovisu, a Fam^U 

Florenee). The peenliar glow o\ hia enlonrlng, an allribule wblek 

be (Irsl artial wlio fully developed Ibat 
•Imple and nntaml enjoyment of Ufa I 

IB lengin oi nil oareer, aeii cornea i"- "■ 

Illi Qneal freaeoe) are in tbe Hcuo 

at Padua, and thmigb noat or hit 

„...Jt Ibe aallerlea of Kurone. aavetal o: 

wnrka, c^peciallj 

In fertlllly. and in tbe length of bli eamrr, nell cornea Ibu gni 
ViiDKt.i.In (147T-IS7S). Illi Qneal ttatoM are in tbe Hcuola &1 : 
Beuola del Canntne at Padua, and thmigb noat of hit oll-piV 

_ illality and vigon 

Venetian Sehool al Uitt uerioU, thai 
rtequentty produced wocka of ntmm 
eblefly call U>t nnllec are SrtoiNm 

Omr" ^a^-l. io-fniB Lit,., aoat/ado, "aiavaimi 


22(t nmile .1(7. VRMCK, 

(IfUlU-TOl, BU.,ae jjorlriLllB tivU tUuso uf Titio.i, A „... ,, 

jointivbw joiiUKer Kinontiou wm JnfijM fItUfillo (AntM.n, lOlS-Sth «W 
tijuiiniluFiu] bii uDilDsal tbillliw oa unlwrllolu Wocka, uiil In bia tngtr- 
niiu fur vlTw'.t tlirvw ■wfty IIib rtsh laldna UnU wllieli formed a iltt- 
llDDtiir' cbaroiiluritUc nf til« iicb«nl. fViolo OoUarf, <ii>rn(>M.^(1 r<raii«w, 
liaatSlii, .iti ihr oil. lie l.i.nil. m»MKii iii.ira inaterii) in b)i cudchii^uju, 

Lim.i. i.'l, a riplrilcd ilECUnttve MtalUi 

AKiwr' I - I I ;><iil }Aa pafiX Uri-n. OilttlU,hvll 

Vmifr, situktPiI In 45" '^>' N. lutituile, lies V/i M. fratn tha 
mxlnlatid In the Liiifltne, a iihBUnw pun nf tlio Adriatic aUont 3& Mi 
in tciigtli nnd \t M. tii width. Thu ITj.OOO hnijBi'E Biid p*Uees^ 
Venice are gitunteil nn thfeti laree htiiI Hi small isUiitls, fenned 
by 150 nahilii, cnnnei:letl by 31ti bridges |inOBt at them of etone), 
and altogether »b<>iit 7 H. in rireumferennp. Tho populalton vrUtY 
bad di<lniUed ban, 300.000 to 96,000 afUT ite <1isBo[utiun a« »n 
indppcndeiit»Ute(1797), amounts now to 138,00<l, of whom, tKi»- 
uier. ane-fotirth are paupers. Its Irade has again beoii nu the 1n- 
r.raaao since the middle of the i-entury, and Veulr.e ia iinw (ma Of 
tho greateat aeiports on the AdrUtii'.. 

'i'hv lagune are prntc^ted fmni the open Bea by long sind-h"* 

rWiJ.wUih again 

are at 

m KthLi 


arka rmuniuJJ 

flfmlidmaannry a 




height and 40-f>U ft. in wiAth. 

On thp aide nn 


Miiram are 


while I^warla t1 ^ 


an the Ixlo Ir 

IP 2r.9)' 

latn frnin ths 

l»Bt rerind Of II 

/ If lamoec 

, a pier vrhlnll 

Bxtenda for a 1 

by the Anstriai 

,<■ orde'r 

W prevent thB' 

hafbDiirframbi uii 

k 1 111 n 

ui ThoLagnn 

are coniieoWd 

with the open si-a 


ans of four 

entrances, of whioh tbOMi «f 

the Lido and tfif 


aTBilible for Teasels of hekty 

toUnsgo Ihe slea 




by the Porto rf 

Lido, but In 

atormy weather oceaiionally by that of Mai 

The Lagoons are called eichei 'lagvne oive', or 'Injnme mertt', 
about one half of them bi;longing to each clasa. In the formet tllo 
tide risea and falls about 2 ft. ; the latter, aballuwer, and situate^ 
nearer the mainland, are nnaSected by the tide. Ve nice ts situated 
in the 'laguna vivn'. At high water initomerable atakea 
iiig from the water in groups of the mobt varied form , rnatk tha 
sittiation and shape of the low aand-tslanila which surriiu(t<l f 
rity on every side , forming a complicatBd network of t 
e/i/mnels, aioat of tbeni aiwessible t« siiiull boats only 
Most of ehfl lioii8i<« rise ln\mpA\fttHVj Ittim ftve 
irf separated from them by naTtovi sweat* ij\\\t , 

:n , rnatk tha 
aurrouM the 
or na;^^J 


W Pi,a<.nofSt. .Wurt M.NirK 

r ill 8pmln) ettiU l^aiiix. il fitlr I. »•••.[ |>f»i'iL yiiih L>rM<l aUbi 
I or sumatiweK with brick ur naplmlt. Thi'BH luiii'H rurin 

riiilb from whioh tliu utrsiijiur will fraqneiitly Hiiil U ilirUuult to 

Ieitriialehiniaclfi iioiiii, howi-vcr, hiit wulkfitsiiaiifotinBii Bilcquale 
a<'.i;[Uiiiiit.-iiice with tlii? ]]ictur>>iiqui.i nmka of t!iu uity ami tlif iiIht' 
ai^terisllGS at its inhnbitaiiM. The tollawiug ilisuriptiuii b no 
arraiigcid that many of tho sights oaii bu vtiited nii foot, Iml all 
thu priiieipiil builiiiiigB may alsn W vUlteii by Iwul. (romloia- 
tTavpllliig is very pli'assiit, iild is of course far prcfcrsbUi to 
WHlbhig for expi'ditiotis of nriy li'iijitb. 
Thu '*Fbuu of St. Hu-k, usually .lalU'il 'Lii Pfu»ri' (the othnt 
open Bpaci'S being 'cuiiipi'), is * aqilsre paved with hlooks of 
I traiihytH t,nd niutblK. lO'iyds. iii length, au<l on tht-W. tide 6I> ami 
<■ 00 the E. 90 yds. in breadth. On three aides it is cnRlnsed by 
imposing struotutes, which appoar to form oiio fast ro»rbli' piUof, 
bUakHTiud by agu and expoBurn to the wi'athor; on tb6 G. it la 
j bounded by the Cbnieh of St. Mark and the Fi&xzcttn |^p. 32.^3. 
I These pataoes were oiioe th<^ residence cf the nine 'prouural^ra', the 
' htgheet ofUelals of the republic after th« Doge, whencn their appel- 
' latlon of ProonraUe. The ProairatlcVeecble, or tf. wing, -were 
erected at the close of the 15th cent, hy Siirtolommta ISu-m. Tli" 
l IVururuIic A'uuuc , or S. wing, were bUKUn by SeanioK/.i In WSi. 
The Utter now BLTve, in conjunctioa with the adjoining hiiildiug 
(formerly a library, p. '2'253, bb tho Palassn Re-ile , and cniitsiu 
hsiidaoiue modem apartiuBnta and sBvoral good *ncleut and mod- 
ern ploturea (^entranee nilder the New Pro«nralic ; cnstodlaii 1 fr. 
for i-3lier8."). The modern pdlH'-i' mi thi> W,. ivilti'd rh- .Krii, 
:t NaOBii Fabbrleil, was ereclL^d hiiiIit N;i[I" in l!^IO, ji^irtly 

in tbfi BitPOf the former iihurch urs.ii. r I li.- ■: l-llimr.; 

of these stmetores consist of ar»il<'u, m tt liiili ihr r l|,'s .nul "Imiis 
mentioned »tpp. 213, 215 trc isi.,bli,l,i,l. rin. \'[../js, ■■! Mt, 
Msrk is the grand focus of sttractiiiii :it Vciiiur. Mil BiinmiiT even- 
iiigs, after Buuset. all who dealre to enjoy fipsh air congregate hern. 
The scene is most animated towards 8 p. in., especially on the HTeu- 
iii^ when the military band plays (Sundays, Mondays, WiidiieH- 
days, and Pridaya, 8-10 o'olockl, when the Pia/ia is HometlinBB 
throuKod until after midnight. On other evenings t)ie crowd dis- 

rmes about 10 o'clock. In winter tho baudplaye on the asmrlKfF, 
4 p. III., and the PlBz;ca is then a taahlonnble proninnade. Karly in 
thi< morning a few tisitors to tho mf^s may be seen sipping lln'ir 
BOffoe, but those are rarely natives of Veulne. The Vi'WtiaiiB 
themselves are seldom visible at a very esriy hour, and thi' V\ar.i.a 
9i iiimparativcly deaerted exoept at the houra just mentluu^ul. Thu 
'lM»7ia with its adjiibAts preaents a atrlliingly iuipoaing 
%v moniiHght. 

A laf«u flock i.r l'luii.H.8 ra«..tta d»llj W. (bB V\»™. a\ - v-— -.^ 

jd. Jceurdlng In U-arf/llon, Admiral UancViVi, wW\e MflAfc*'** ^^JP*^ 

^^ bepantan Bl lie ISm sunt., EecntyBA Intuliiawet — — "— ^*"'** 


222 Hotttc ae. vekick. 

Ilutp^tclieil tliB bi^ilo Vanicc with llie uen,,. .. _., , _ .. 

IhM period Ihdr desceDdants hsTC been csrefunr tendod and liigUy 
vsnul by Ibe citlieiu. TtiBy neitle in Bm nunki ind ennnlea of Itao »r- 
[uiindlDti bulMings, and ho Eunenlty wen in itreiX Diitubun in Uie 
evening, jierclied un liie fsvviii of St. kuW. 
/ The Hiree iotty Flagstaffi t Pili) In tiont of ihe uhurch, riaiBg front 
pedcEtatB rOEumlilin^ uaiidGlatiriL, eiecuted by AUi». Leopariio Iii 
1605, once boro Iho bsmiBrs of tHc kingdoms of Cyprua, Caiidla, 
Slid (liK Moroa, to commemorate tbEli subjngstlon by tbe ropnblic. 
On Sundays and festivals the Italian colonra sm now hoisted iune. 
/ **B. Hum (PI. 17i E, 4j, thu Church of St. Mark, the tuteliry 
saint of Venice . whdse remains are said to have been brought by 
Venetian citii^ens from Alesandria in 828, was eteelod in 9T9-107J 
111 the lionianeBque-Byiantine Style peculiar to Vunice, mA 
Apcatiteil with lavieh and almost Oriental msgiiillcencn diiilnsaDb- 
soqueut centuries. The fsfado received soma additions in the Go- 
thic atyte In the 14th century. The form of the edillce is that of a 
Greek cross fivith equal ■ima'), covered by a Ry/sntinn dome in the 
contra and one at the uitromlty of eaeh arm. Around the W. and 
part nf the N. transept is a vestibule covered by a series of smaUM 
domes. Externally and intocnally the vhnich is adorned with flT« 
hundred eoluinns of marble , the capitals of which present an ex- 
uberant variety of styles. The most remarkable are eight detaehfed 
columns In the vestibule, four at each of the lateral portaU on the 
W, side, with peacocks and lions. The mosaics cover an are» of 
45,790 sq, ft. , and the interior is also profusely dewirated w^H* 
gilding, bronze, and Uriental mnible. The aggri-'gate effect is hlgUy 
pioturesquo and fantastic. The niosaios, some of which aro said M 
haveb n ted f b k s h 10 h cent., holntig ciiieDy 

to tho 12 h a d 6 h n ri d ff d Lteresting evidBno^ oif 

the ap de V n f p Wrial compostUou. — 

SAos 180T t> M h dra of Vonlne, t dlgftltf 

which fo n lofp. 268). 

Or h p u eiidcd branie, & It. U 

height wh b b work or a nniik hhM 

(Alii^iMi b woikmanihi^, pioMliy 

of tbQ n ^ Led| and are uapctdaHy valnaMti 

as Llie q adriga pTclervti inta«L 

liat u Tm God tanti >;ii d b mteb vcysd lu CuonluUMile, 

'bi^Bc h n D d b Kb m V nice m laoi. Ill rwnsS 

•tin CB dbHp PnwbRh BTterwirds nceu^U tita 

nnmll of Cb« Irlumpbal areb In tbs Plaeo duOaimuiat. In ISlSllicfwiih 
roafbt back lo Venice by tlie Emp, Francis and netored to theil AFSkai 


flaeDlslfK. Bihns, iivtr tlie pFinDipal enlrancD, the Lut Judtrmenl, cOMMtd 
In 1836, OB llie rigbl the Bmhaikation of Ibi body of SL Uatk at AlauBdrtei 
and >1< DlKeinbB,rkaUun M Vonlix, bulb ctiicnied in 1660; on (lie lafilk* 
rpBerallon nf JhBsalnl, of 1723. and tbe Cbureh nf St. Mark inl.i «*£*»» 
reiiai nrn cuni-eyBd, nf Ihe i3th ocnlnry, — Wfflie ate (he Imt hotaM ]■ 
■Hval of Ihv great arclied window, on tbs \Gtl kBik A<£IA »«. luu tsOw M 

Hon or the World, und ¥til ol'Han; 
from ■ detigD by Titian. — The thn 

disnin, Joseph eold by hix brethren, and JiLoob's laniGiit; 5lh und Bib 
UoDoa. Joaepli in Egypt; '"b Dome, Hiaturj' of Moaej. 

IVTEiiroi, 86 yds. !d louKlh, 70 yd>. in width, wllb five dirni«i Mid 

■ BjianUne rtjle, and tbat 1u the centre of the !2lh cenlnry. Above tlic latter, 
ifotaia; Chrlil, TSmry, and SI. lllsrk. The inu3slc> in the lliree domes of 
the UTB lUnatnite Ihc dgolrine of the Trinity: God Ow Fullicr wilb Jln- 
vld, Stdomon and Ihu projihebi; the Ascunnion of Chditi th« DeKunt of 
(hi Holy OiioaL Tlie beautiful atooe moeaie Paeiaiuiii uf Ibc 12lli c»at. is 
mm befog iklllfiilly rutiaired. By the Bi^reen, on (lie lighl nni Ml. of 
tbe spproaeta to the hieh allsr, are tno PiibiiU in cuinured murhliv 
I'aeb placed on Hevcn ayiamna in aecordanCD with the ancicTit .:oi»nm. 
On Ihe dertet are -Fourlcen Stafuoa in marble (of 1393|, represenlinp 
Si. Mark, Mary, and tbo IwbIvb Apojlles, wilb a gilded Cmcifii. — 

abuve, on the left, a MuMoio of 1542. representing the genealt.ey of Mary- 
adjniniu it an »oine flue Byeanllnfr maaiia. — Tbo Rirbt TiuxsErr 

tia lliG arched PimiftI on each side of the Cbooi are ihrce reliefs in 
broBie , by SffiumNP (d. 1670) , representing events ftom Ihe lite of flt. 
Hark, On the parapet of tbe SlaHi are the fanr BvaTigellsIs Id broaie, 
by BanmvinB, and four Falhera of the churoh, by CaUari |(G14). 

The Bigi Altar (AHari Jfofi/inn) stands benealli a eaniipy of Terdg 
anticn, borae by font columnl of IDSFbie (with relieb of Ibe llth eeit.). 
The Pala d'On, enamelled wurk with jewels, wrought on plates of gold 
nnd silver, execnted at Constanliniiplc in IIUS, eonslltules Itao altlT-|iiecii, 
wbieb is nnDinered Ob high fi^livola only, or, al otbor Umea, for a (es 
ore tr. (II waa orlf^Hally iolendud la enilielliah the franl al tbe altff.l 
Under Ibe hlgb allar repoio Ihe relics of SI. Hark, M Iho marble slab 
al the back records. — Beblnd lliu ht^h altar Is a seeunil allxr with foor 

The'gAiiKiHTI(Aa?nil<Bj,lo Ibe left, contains sume line miualca on Iha 
vaiQting, cabinets with Inlaid work oflSaS; on the door leadiDE rmn Ihe 
hlgb altar, relief in bronie by fdnjonNO ( ISGO) ; to Ibe right of th« hnudle 
la Ihe purlrait-head of tbe maker iif tbe Hiinr; in ibe right oumei the head 
of Tiliau. Enlranoc to Ibe Crypt, see below. 

e ridil at Ihe high al 
IbelSth — ■ 

., repreteDtlog BB, Kieholas, Junes, and Andrew, 
unge Jinar. wilU. 
le righl aisle, dose lo Ihe prlndMj tnlrance, ii the Bittistebo, In 

Bavtlal. Also IhemoanmeataftheDOEO And. Dandolo(d.l3M). The ■ 

qrer Ihe alUr la IVom Ml. Tabor. "■-■■- •--■■■---■--"-■-■-- 

ilbsDaptlat, of Ihe 1Mb itcnt.i brh 

"- ---- been heheided. — From ., , - 

■u, oontalnlnB Ibc handaoBie •Moaamenl i>I Caieta>»l Ci\KB\rt«a*'v^ 
iXUJ, >rfuu((lil enllrel]' In broMei on lYiB SMem^ss" " ' 


under w Blur), b^so duerves iviiiii opm IS-S o'clook, ei 
(lonr la Ibe rtgbt In the Surhlr rBee ihuve); nt other 
h<r tbe woristBii. To ttH right a well cxcsutcd Ohrli 

liviKisWd. Tlie ucenl. in fram n daui to (he right In Ihe prinolMt^ 
■rhioh Ihe niiciislBii Opens. The giaieF; on the ouUide of the bM 
ihimlA then he viBilsd for the nuke uf enimEniog the bTon>o tianet. 

On the N. Bide of SI. Mark's, under the arcli of the tntiBeijIi 
U a mtrblii mroophugiia borue by Houa, executed by Bond, axi 
rflntiiiiiiig the remains of Dimielc Mdnin , the preeident of the »- 
l<min iti 1848, wliirh w,ti' brouglit from PatiB in 1808. — On tho 
Will htire uti p1ni:.'il ,Miiiji.irm-i iLiiiiinl liytaHthie ryllofs ill matble 
(Msduima, etr. |, ln-nUL-lLt Inmi rln' hy Vi-tictUiiE. 

On tliE a. aiili' nnlic cImji.Ii I i..iiip. |].'W51 are two olio rt sqli ate 
■ro/umns, tuBi^rilnil '■.\ib in.i'k rlL:,r,iotLTs, broiiglit hither in 12M 
irom thii nhnriih iil Si. Sab.i at I'tuU^niais, whioh w»b dp8troy»d bj 
tho Vfinetians. I'ruin the PUIto del Bartilo, a block of porpliyiy kt 
tliB S.W. oonier, the deorees of the reiiublio were aneiently fn- 
uiulgntod. Tvin nuriOus Rtlitfi in porphyry am immured n; tM 
I'lltrance to tho PaUco of the Doges, repreaonting two pftlM of 
klliglitly and armed Hgiire« embracing each other. They are ul' 
hIso to have been brought from Ptolemats, and have given rise Vi 
grrat vajlety of coiijecturea , the moat recent being that they ti 
present tOur emporors of Byzaiitiura of the 11th neiit., and OnM 
adotued the pedestal of an equestrian atatue. 

Opposite St. Mark's, to the S.W., -rises the Isolated sqOH6 
/"CEunpuiile (If tmnpunilerff S. Marco), 322ft, In height, wMoli fa 
/always Open to the publlu( doorkeeper IB c tor each pers. on eiltet- 
ing). It was founded in 911, restored 111 1510, and lluilly Rompl 
ill UiSl, the upper part and the spire having been riii^trncted by 
Biirttilmniaeo Burm. Tlio bbobiM by a winding Inclined plane of 38 
bends, and llnslly by a few steps, is eaay and widl'-tighted. The 
»a(chinan at the Eiinjiiiit is provided with a tolni^cope and opens tiie 
door to tho second gallery for a trifling ^rBtnily. The •View eampri^ 
16b city, the L«guiie (conip, p. 'I'JIJV ^^'i fA?i, and part Of'Ji ' 
i-Adrhtfc; W. the Monti liugaiveiiiBM'Pa.4«*S.V-'i~''*V'^*»»*'*W 

Clack Tower. VENICE. 3B. Roult. 

the Lagnue I E. In cleac weather ths IMmn Mt£., rising ahov 
AdrUtIo, a inigtiiflceiit speutacle towacds eunset, '*" 
the campanile is leinmmenileil to the triTetler, both foi > prelimlD- 
ary suiToy. and as an appropriate termtnatioti to his visit ti 
iue. — The Lnggeaa, or veatihute, on the E. side of the oampanile, 
erected by 8anaa-eino in 1540 and lately testorod, once setvad ai 
waiting-room (or the proourators, whose offlce it was, iluring tne 
aessIaiiB of the great OoaiirAI, to noniroanil the guards. The hroiiie 
BtatQea o( Peace, Apollo, Mercury, and Psilsa. and the relief en 
the coping by Siinsfniino, and also the Brotae Z>nar«, cast in 1750, 
deBorve inspection. 

/ The Cloolc Tower <La Tom dtiV Oroiogio), on the opposite side, 
at the E, end of the old Frocuratle. cruntod hy Pietro Lombardo in 
1 J96, risBB over a gateway, resembling a triumphal aruli, restored 
in 18i59. On the platfOrro are two Vulcans tn bronie , who strike 
the honrs on a bell. The oustodian of the clock, who lives in the 
building, shows and explains the mechanl8n^(fee '/gfr."). The 
entrance Is under the archvray (o the left, where it is indicated by 
a notice. The Mereaia (p. 315^. the principal camnierRial street 
ofVenlee, qulti the Piazza of St. Mark hore, aud leads to the Ponie 
RiaUa Cp- 2421- 

From the S.E. cornet of the Piazia of St. Mark to the Lagnne, 
ejtends the "Pianatta (PI. P, 4), which is bounded on the W, by 
the fanner Library, and on the E. by the Palace of the Doges. 

The "LibrBiy (Anticn Litirtria diS. MnraoJ, which now belongs 
to the royal palane, begun by Snmovino tn 1536 , U a magnificent 
structure of the IGth cent., and one of the finest Recular edlfioes In 
Italy. In plan the strnctore consists of a double colonnade with 
arches and embedded eolnmna. In the upper colonnade the arohes 
Tost upon smaller, additional eolumns of the Ionic order. The 
effect is so fine, that Sansovtuo may he fairly said to have jnstl- 
fied the liberty he has taken In enlarj^ng the metopes at the ex- 
pense of the trlglyphs and architrave, and in some other points 
(Barekhardt). — In the direction of the Laguiio are two QraniU 
Cnltimnt, brought by the Doge Michlel from Syria in 1120, and 
erected here In HBO ; one of them bears the Winged Lion of St. 
Mark, the emblem of the tutelary saint of Venice; the other ta 
surmounted by St. Theodore on a crocodile, the patron of the anaioiit 
republic, placed there in 1329. This osed to be the place of 
Biecniion, and is now the headquarters of the gondoliers (oomp, 
p. 214). On theLagune, between the Library and the Roj/at Garden, 
is situated the Zrcea or Mint, which was also built by SaDSOTlno tn 

y The •*P»]aOB of the DogM (Palaiio DueaU, PI. 60"), the W. 

r Bide of whii-h, 82 yds. in length . looks lowarda the Piair.etu, and 
the t>, side, 78 yds. tn length, towards the }ftQ\a, "»ii-'. VsMWift^'ro. 
800, sl'terwarda destroyed Ave times, M»i *5 oSW^ Tft-was^*' ^^ 
lUlr L am Edit. v^ 

226 Rnute :ifl. VENICE. 

> style of ei'cstRT' magiitflcence thin lipfore, 
bi>guD 111 1311 bom the deBigns ot Fillppo CaUndarin vai m 
out under the t u per Intend en ce of Pietro Biueggio. The fnfide 
was reatored In the Qothir style In ll'M-42. The whale ballding 
in inidetBolng restoration. On the W. and on the 8. side Ihi 
paUoe is flaiihad ij two eolonnadeg of 107 Mlnmna (36 below, 
71 above"), one ahove the other, with polntod vaulting. The 
mouldings of the upjier colonnade , 'Ln Loggia', are remarhible 
for their Tlchnese. From between the two noliimns of red nmble 
(9th and lOih from the principal portal^ in the Loggia, Iha Bft- 
piihlin anciently caused its aentenaeB of death to he published. 
The eapitali of the short columns below are rirhly decorated with 
fbliage, flgurEB of men and animals, etc. On the corner-pillat by 
the portal are lnt*reating ropreSfintationB of Noma PompiHna, 
Bolpio, the Eoiperac Trajan judging the cause of a woman , and of 
Jnalloe , with inscriptions. Above these is a group representing 
thf .ludgment of Solomon. At the comer towards the Lafune, 
Adam and Eve. fPorphyry-rollefs on the corners to the left, se« 
p. 224.1 The fine PorUl adjoining SI. Mark's, MiTistnietad of 
marble of different cnlonrs !n 1439, in the Gothic style with ■ Ra- 
naissanco tendency, and recently resloied, is called the I^rla tUiia 
Cnrta, from the placards formerly exhibited here to announce Ike 
decrees of the republic. Justice Is roprf^sented in the tympanum. 

The *ConRT, begun at the cloie of the 15th cent, by Anlonio 
Brttno and Anlanln Searpagntno , but only partially vempleted, 
has an admirable llnlahed fafade on the E. aide. The nnsym- 
metricil fbrm of the court was probably reiidetad necessary by the 
previous eiietenUD of surrounding buildings. Within one of the 
hisheat windows lo the left was the prison of the poet Oaunt 
Silvio PpIHco in 1822, before he was conveyed to the Spielbfltg at 
Brunn. In the cpiitre ot the court are two Ciitem-fVonts In brom*, i 
dating from 15G6 and 1559. To the right, oti the facade of the 
Clock TavieT, is a statue of the Tenetlau general Duke Fruiois 
Maria I. of Urbino (d. 1625'). The other sUtues arc antique, but 
freely restored. The charming email facade farther E., perhaps tho 
host, Ib by Giipdeimo Btrgnmnsen (15201, 

The 'Seala del OigantI, the flight of steps by which the palaoi 
is entered, derives its name from the wlDssal statues of Man ani 
Neptnne at the lop, executed hy Samovino in 1S54. It was 01 
the higheat landing of these steps that the coronation of the doges 
iiaed lo take place. Opposite the landing are statues of Adam and 
Eve, by Antinio Risto (14621. 

/ The Intrbior of the Ducal Palace (admiaalon , see p. 216) 
alao forms a noble specimen of Venetian art. Had nut the Are in 
1577 destroyed so many paintings, we should have been able here 
to irsce the whole progresB of Vpl^&t.Ul^ art duriue it 

The Barliest Venetian painter* 4evo\*4 l^e\' ew«^c* 

Pat. of the Dogtt. VENICE. 3B. Route. 

of St. Mark, but the gcest ui&stHia of the 15th and IBth uual. 
chiefly ocnupied iu emhellishtng thu Palioe of the Doges. Their 
works having nnfortuiiBtcly perished, the edlHce uow foroiB a mii- 
Beum of Ulor maBters only, anch as Ttntoretlo, Pabnn Oinsane. Kni 
I'aiilo Vtnmeit, hut, nevartheleaa, It still preaenla a brilliant anrt 
most attractive array of the VenHtiaii painters, so far as their enar- 
giee were eQlistHd in the servire ot the state. 

We aaoend the Scala det Qigaiitl. Around the upper cnlnnnade 
■re placed the busts of a namheT of Venetian gnholars, artists, and 
dogoB, The first Btaircase Is the richly decorated Senta if Oro, eon- ' 
atriictud by Batiitia Franco under the superintendence ofSantovino 
and uompleted In 1577, which was ooce accessible to those only 
whoso names were entured aa NobUi in the Golden Book, By ehla 
staircase wa ascend on week-days fadmiasion 1 fr., payable at the 
BBoond landing^ direct to the upper story, where we enter the Attio 
Ouadiato. In CMb case we traverse the narrow ps ag t Ch 1 ft, 
visit the apartments described at p. 2'29, and afterw d d 1 to 

the middle story. 

The next staircase, the 5cDla dti Censori, whl h f rm th 
entrance to the apartments on Sundays and Teitlvai first 1 d to 
the FiHBT Floor, which contains the Library [on th I ft p 28") 
the Snta dtl Magyior CoruigUo (In a straight dlreetl n b 1 «• | 

and the Arehaeolngical Muaeum [on the right; p. 2i&) 

.^ I. 'Bala i»\ ■B«|iBT Ggnoilis (donr eenanlly upen; if not, rinKI. 

r In tUi laree haU |58 yds. long, 38 jidji. Droad, i7 n. bigb), llie NnWlL 

hilhut anllidrity in Vat Rxpublle, formerly sat. In 1S1&4B the Hoqm 


I, Faola Vaoneu, TiBlm-ellir, • 
s achJevemeDts of the Bepiiblic, On Ibi 

ilalslni a perplmuDB multitude of flgnrea, geversi ul Ihc tae» 
' " * ■ ■ ■ boMlful «ljlo lliB !ire or u 

Hoga , 

M 2.-<«. (1173-1! 

ded an aaylnm 1 


ror Fradflrick B 



retlaled the Imp 


lu depiuts the 


ie lJo« £art« D 


« Ihej are snm 

what ledloua. 


aerie, becina 


and mm 10 the 

irecttgo of the 

Hcatiag ut Pop 

e AleiandeF 

in. and the Do 

a. Pa(tin« a 




log' on' uTa ir~d 

Parma, both by 

-: S. 

over lbs Krlado- 



fovt and the n 


Ti-lBrtlla: 6. The Pop 

. sword to the n 

;U. (u 

VKr lUe window) 

tha [le«B with tl 


by P 


Salvors (PIrann 


and sagitun of 

oiho, im 

by Dom. Tinlar< 


e the Bon n 



p«™-™S,« lo 

o repMi'r la hit /klbet la order lo negotiate t, ¥«■*« > M * 

^ 12U, by Aadr. FtemU»o: 8. Coronatlan of Bii1< 
nnnco DkndolD, l%li, by J(uiii>. (AboTa thii, h bluk Muiai un uiii inns 
■mang (tie portnlu of the Dggea bean Ike liucrlptlDn; Sic t4l toau »a- 
rini Fattlhri dta^ilali pro criminibt^: eumji. p. 217.] — l^nUy. u m ad- 
dlHoosl picttire: 'S. Betnni uf the Doge Andr. OonUrini from (he victoiT 
ovar the OenoMe flee[ near Chioggli, ISTS, by fBolo Ttroxeu. — Tin 
eeUinf! piliitliiei, wbich akio repnisen( balUoi foDgbt by tbc VeneUina, 

!) In by h«\ 

ira (lie poi5 

'ofiH,^ 'Lfu*( JudemeDt, by Palma Qiavant. On the ^ 

hh ■'Ol'i towards tbe Plutetti: 1. Vic(ory of tbe^Ven^ti'i i 
Bneer of Sicily Is lllB; 2. Subjugallor or Tyre under nomenico aichieli 
in U25i S. (DTsr tbe door to the hnlcoDy, wbleb BfTflrilH s Kuod Burver 
Of Bnnnrlno'ii library) Victory of Dam. Hiitliieli nvor Ibn Turks a( i*ltt. 
in llSi i. Viclnry in the lagDons <"Br Pipin, non ol Chiirlemasnp, in 
811 1 a. Siege of Venice by PIpIn in SOS. — OpposiU. thi imlranei: MonnmeHt 
to tbe Dofs FrancBMD liorojlni 'Peloponoe.ieooa-, who In IS8l-» tm- 
quered tbe Horea and Atbeni (p. 218). — On (tas right nad.- - ' - 

iBTi T. (o 

n uyri; 8. 

Cadnro Id balmatiB dnrine Iba war eealnal Oanoe In 1378; 10. Re-eantun 
of Zara In 1316. — On the refKnji leveral otber icenea from the hiHoiT 
or tbe B<ipabllc. 
^ Tbe celebrated Library gf St. Mark, eonWinlnE many rare MSS. and 
Xlieautifal minlnturM, and also enme ancient cameos (t»o heads of ZmN, 
In open lo tbc public daily fmm tO In 3(8nodiiy« and bolldays aicepleUi 
Among III chief truinree Is tbe •Srmiarta OrimaBi, embelllihad wilb 
minlalnrei by Hmu jVnnlfnp, Liivin 4e Witlr. and nlber Ketherlnndiah 
pnlnlers of Iba 15th century, — The eitlenalva and eliiilCB OoHmMob <f 

U. The AiehiesIiKiaarXuaeBDi. eetabliahed Id IflU in tbe apart- 
mants in wblch tbe doeee reiided till the cloM ofthe ISlh cent., wmlaiDa 

I. "boom; 94. One nf tbe t)i(Meurl. a portrait slatuei SO. CottlMd 
mnerrai •». Beecbm and a wlyr; ■«!. Apollo roposlngi TO, 68. Blecaat 
aHndelabra-hue!>, with armed cnpirlnj 'hl.m. HnMn from (be AmphlthaMf« 
ofPnla; 4B. Ilaneing SlIenuB-, 36. Cupid bending Ills bow; 32. Soy Hllb a 
gooan. a riinafBlD-SgnrB; 29, Venus kdA Cu^ii, 

n. RooH^ (69. HarmaphfoatlB, (rapneirt of a usiAM*. scowt^'Ma. 

Kapc iif Oinyiuodu, ftaely ™R(ore4-, "11 

•Ite, Dead liiul lying on tls "htelrl; _._. ._ ., .. , 

■Irugele ■. tbeae Ibiee renmbU the Djiag OlndlaUn tn llie Capitol si 
md ilinlliir gtBlnoa st Nsples, nnd prnbsbly belunged tn tlie erou] 
dtcilod 10 IhB AoropoHa of Albtni by Atulaa, Kine of Pei^mpj, bihiui 

Ouu'jii IJS. Lcdftnltfa'thcnwan^ 133. Apollo; 113. 18t' Tho co^icmukg^ 
IDS. Oupid bending lili how, In Pariua nurble. — Tbe chimney-pleiie fiilea 

I lbs end of the 19th deninry. 

tn. Bihih: ntd mspa; amone Ibem Ibe celehrsted llip of Ibe 
World by tbe DunaldnleaiiiD moat< Frs Hnuro, 145T-59; six tabletj of 
irted wood by Hnjl Mfbemet ot Tonia (iSBS), repretenlinB Ibo globe; 

I Ibe right, — IV. tWou: 190. WsrHor BBcriBolng; IWj. Pngment ot a 
krcnpbkguB, rspu nf PcnFierpine ; 199, Annthnr »ilb the dealruclloa of Ibe 
illdrcn of Sinit; 2X1. Qwcek tomb relleri 332. CBiitii.iiT!i flehting, nnd a 
msle Canlmr a-lF^pi 231. Fragment of a OrEek Mue, battle of the 
raekB and TrojittiK traund Ibesblpat^. Fmir^ilded hue of acudelibrum. 

iUl'250,m Unc^bADtca; •iiS. UeplUe of the irnbUc Diuia at Naples. 

runiw, ajplic»tir>n miisl be uade to Iba director. 
The Upteb Floob ooiiUiila the apartmentB In vhlcli the 
authorities ot the ropiililii' onr.e held their meetings, atid which 
BtUI in a great measure preserved in their ancient splendour. 
The following desi-ription begine by the entranee from the Seala 
(lei CeiuoTi. (On the upper landing we turn to the left; to the 
right 1b the lastituto M Seieni:e.) — Those who ascend b; the 
Seitta d'Oro (the staircase used on week-days, voiop. p. 1227) first 
enter the Attio Qaadrato, from which they proeeed to the Sa1a deUe 
Qnattco Porte, Sala del Senitu, and the following moms, till they 
leach the Antir.oUizglD, nhenne they visit the Stanza del Tre Capi 
del Consiglio and the roiuainltig rooms in the reverse order from 
that given below. They then descend from the Sala della Ituasola 
by thf Siiala dei (ianaori to the drat floor. 

I. Hala itOa. BuHsIa, ODce Ibe anle-ebimbur of tbo threu tnqulsitura 
_. he Keiinbllc; by tbe eDtraoce Ul an openln; In Ibe wall, fonncrly 
desnrsled with a Ilon'a beml in marble, into the moalli n( which (Buaa ill 

438, and on the len, Taklnu of Berfainu, I^; ehlmney-plece by Baiia- ' 
lino. — In a alralghl direcllon i ■ — ■— •■■- 

II. Bala del CouuliB del Di 
lleiandsr til. and the Doge ! 

be ceiling, in the tight band cu 
Flae putlo f^ieae. — We Dow''! 


230 Route ae. 

°8MV)irt9, Utariat tencEifni (Itaree pictureB brought ^ 
la tSlti; Iben (to (bs right ottbs door), CroHing of (he Rod Su, wcnaglf 
usribtd la TIHat. la Om ilglil of the altur li ■ iIsIrub deKEndlBX ta 
tlieprfVBtad«eU<DgufibeD<.g?,ai>il>e w&lla(Iliel>iBdtDg St.Chrialoptu, 

ir Ihe dour, tbo Huptiali of SI. CHthkrIiw ibe- 
s BMIle of LepBDto, "Cliriat ia glory (below, (he Doge Venler, M 

ccolS da Ponla], A'' 

ir the tbroi 
nlo, -OlirUt ia glory (below, (1 
I, Jueltniij^elcO, bnlh h; Paolo Ynmiia: oppu^'tc, 4 

AatHwIlflcioi loft. 'Rape of Europa, by Paolo Vtroneiti Jacali'4 rgluni 
MOiDuii, by llaiiatw! I'^irge ofVulean, Hercnrr with lh<! Dra^ei, op- 
Mtlte lo II Hineris driving baclL Hira, ud Ariadne lad Buehiu, all 
bur by TiKlarilta, Ceiling-paiDliog, Venetlk entbrnned, by Faala Vm- 

Vhe handsome E. elile of the P&Uce of the Dogee Inwards tie 
cui&l, whieh preseiita a mure harmonious sppearaiiue than the V. 
Klile, anil has a basement of facetteil stone, Is raniieeteil with the 
Careeri OT Prlgloni. noiiatructeil in 1012-97 by Cio». da Ponle, by 
- means o! the lofty Bridge or 8iglw (PmUe dti Satpiri; Pi. 97}. 
The Phmbl, or priwnB nnder the lenien roof of the Palaoa, v«n 
dCEtntjed in 179T, but > torture- r^amber has lei'ently been reitorad 
to satisfy the r.niioBlty of tonriats. The Foai, or half-Tuined dun- 
geons oil the farther eide of the narrow oanal on tlie E. ilde of the 
Palane , with the plane of execution for political criminals , tniy 
also bo Inspected, ami are full of Hombre 
the Hrat floor). 

A good survey of the Bridge of Sighs is obtained from the Pimte 
delta Pagtia, whiiih lainiiecta the Mnio with the adjaiient ~ 
■^ EiT» degli Sohiavonl (PI. F, 0, 4|, a quay psfed i 
pnllshed kJsIis of marble, and presenting ahns^ enene. SailoTs of all 
iiatioiig, frum the vesflolfl which lie in fti6'i\e^o\Vi,wiAnimw«Ki»Vfc.- 

Academy. VENICE, 36'. Roule. 

e Bueu louijglng here or uoiigiegsted at Itie uafes. 
charcb' of 8. Mabu. dbu^ Fieta, situated about the m 
Hits, wntiinH & •ChriBt iu the honse ot the PhnriBee by Moretlo 

the high choir, above the prtnuLp&l entrauue ), and i 
ol Mary by Tiepalo (on the ueiting). From the Kits 
taiued of the OiarHini Pablilici, mentioned at p. '2d8. 

ir we diverge fnim the Kiva to the lert, by the church ot S. 
Biagia (PI. 6), whlvh oontiinE a inoiiumeDt to Admiral Angelo 
Emo by Farrui-Toratti, the te&eher of Csaova, and skirt the broad 
oinsl, wB Boon teach tho anirsnoe gala ot the — 

*AtmiuJ (PI. 3; H, 4; admlaaion daily, 9-3, except on Sun- 
days and festliaU, oh preseutiug a Tiaitiug-card), which at the time 
of the Kepublio employed 16,000 workmen, hut now 2000 only. 
Th« decliue of Venice is nowhere an apparent aa here. At the outer 
entrance (haiidaome gateway of I400J are the foar autique liotia, 
brought here in 1687 from the Firseus; the large one on the left, 
tile body of which ia covered with Inaoriptiona no longer legible, 
Is cotijectured once to have stood on the battle-Uald of Marathon. 

Imuioi (ealrBDce lif crusaing ibe nnnrt 1(1 ihe left). Pirn Finer: 
Inltireating coUcotlon of oiodeli orBbipa of all perioda, lacludiog a midel 
nd Ibe scaolf reuaini of Iha Bucfnloro, a veaael deatrojed by the French, 
from wbkb VbB Doge was wont biiohbII; on AnanaiOa Day lo Ihruw the 
Ting (p. 2») inlD (he Adriatic, whicb ho tbm lymhDlleally wadded , moilel 

Si«md Aatv.- Floe collection of weapons-, by tUe entrUloe, itatne of Vit- 
tgrePiaann 11380) i monumi'nt to Admiral Angelo Emo (d, ITffiJ, by COmm; 

of a primiUTe 

Beyond the bridge, 
oDumeat ol Count von der Sclatlaiburg, uiaraha] in Che Venetian 
irvice (_d. 1747}. 

deUe Sells Arti (Fi. 1 ; D, 5], in the anp. 
pressed Scuola delta Ciiritli, the aBaenibly-ball of this brolberhood, 
on the Grand Canal, oppoeite the S. ax.treiuity of the iron bridge 
(p. 24,0) and Vl H- f""° *'^B Piazza ot St. Mark , may easily be 
laachad On foot (^comp. p. 253). The entrance is in the cloisters, 
to (he left, whenfie we aaoand to the Urat Boor. (^Admission, see 
p. 216.) FeruiiBsiun to copy is easily obtained nt tite ofllce. The 
numbers over tha doora apply in each caaa to the neit room. — 
Catalogue, 1 fr. 

The gallery cuntainH almost eiclnaively pii'toraa by Venetian 
maBlers. Tbe general public will be moat interested in the wotka 
of the time of Bellini and the following period, as well as in the 
hiitorical picturcB by Qcntile BcUini ani. Cnrpiccio vw "iXisi ■!>> 
Boom, eiiiftiWog a lifelike piotnre of incieulNtiviee.ifti''^'^'*' 

232 Jtou 



™ioiirs «f whinb cause us to forget the pdverty nf the 
and wiDl ot iliBplrtliDll which chicBsleTiBe the individnnrflgilU 
■s veil aa the gioupi. It is instrnotive (d caiopire theee painting 
irith the m&nneT in which Flarentine srtiBta ot Ihe aime epMh 
uuDfed their groups ond desoiiherl historictl events. ACtentian 
muBt be diBwn to the namerons plcCnies of GloBonni Betlinl [Nob. 
3B, Si, ind other*}, repreaentltii; the sBBembUgtt of iBinti «iit- 
ronnding the (hione of the Madonna ('gacfB conTeraaiione'J, to th« 
beauty of the nude flguiea, and to the powerful ind impoalnf, 
though not very Baintlike male ngares, A picture by Bueeaeeine 
da Cr«monii (No. 13'^), a little known master of the eailiet achool. 

is one ot the best of that period. Giargione't Storm at sea (No. 37) 
is of doubtful authenticity, and moreover much damaged. PoImm 
Vccehio iB not repreaented here by his beet works. On the other 
hand Soeea Mareani'* Deicent [com the CrOBB (No. 105) ia one of 
Ub flneat elTorts. TUiim't niaaterpiece , the ABsamption of the ' 
Virgin (No. 24), requires no eomment ; the glowing laptnre of the 
apOBtlea, the Jubilant delight of the angels, the heaniing blise at 
the Madonna, the magniHeence of the colouring, cannot fail to 
strike the eye of every beholder. The gallery romprises nliat is 
perhaps the earllcat known work of Lhis master, and his last, un- 
eampleCed creation : the Visitation, and the Desrent from the CrAal. 
Tie Fresunlitloii in the Teuiple (No. 487") is very attrautive owing 
to the spirited oharaoter ot llie gtovipins, iwi \,Ve\«wa'fl iA'CMi 

Aendemy. VENICE. 3H. Rr.Hf 

inclividuHl UguieB. Bonifacioa vealtii r>f vuluut ifl dlspUy^d b 
AdorMion of the Magi (No. 57|, andiu ttoHietoty ottlie RkliMnn 
INo. 500). The Miiacle of St. Mart {tia. 15J by Tintorello, and 
the Supper in the hooee of Levi (No. o4T) by Paolo ferDnese, »re 
specially interesting. 

Beyond the Conumou, which -sonCaitiB numeianl architectural 
drawings, we piss through an snte-chamber containing sculptures 
(I. Adonia by BInaldo Rinaiiil, 111. Adonia by Jueapo dr. Murlinl), 
and enter the — 

Sai^I, i>bdli Antichi Dipinti. Anoient pictures, the hand- 
some original frames of which should be noticed. 1. Burt. Vioarini, 
Mary tmd four lainta, painted In 1464 ; 4, 6. (belonging to B»ch 
other), itfarco BaaaitI, St. Jamea and St. Anthony; 5. Loremo 
Vmetiano uid franc. Bisaolo, Altu-piece in sectioni!, in the 
centre the Annunoiation, above it Ood the Father (1358); 8. Gio- 
vanni and Xntonio da Murarto, Coronation of the Virgin in an 
aaaembly of aaints, in the oentre 'putti' with instruments of torture 
(1440); 10. Barlolonmteo Vlvurinj, St. Matthew; 11. Vlncetuo 
Catena, 8t. Aaguatlne; 14. Bart. Vivarlai, St. Barbara (1490); 
18. Ahoiie Vimrini, St. Anthony; 21. Bartotommeo Vimtrlnl, 8ta, 
Clara; *23. Giovanni iTAlcmagna and Antonio da Murana, Ma- 
donna enthroned, with four Fathers of the i!hurch(1446), intereit- 
ing also on account of the peculiar archiCectnre. 

Sala II, DEI,!:' AasuNtA., thfl ceiling richly gilded, in the 
lunettes potlraits of paintera of the Venetian school, painted in 
1849-55, the light unfavourable (the visitor requires to shade hia 
eyes from the glare of the windows). Opposite the ataiccise ; — 
-f "U. Titian, Assumption f^«sun(n;, painted in 1518-18 for 
"-C Freri (p. 248), whose high altar it onoe adorned. 

E place Dor Iba light la thai tornrliiob Tllian^tcnilsd Iti and tkc coo- 

flpectlve »cLence, applied alike to liaes and to atuinapb^ra, at the oaine 
llue mat s deep and iludied intention l> discoverable la the anbUe 
dliiHbDtlDii uT rudlBiiDe and gloom. . . . Biimetbing indeacrlbable etrlku 

crowd IgaeUier singing, plaring, wondering and ntaying, soma in light- 
tome la halt ligtit, othen tn gloom, wilb ■ iptflt of life moving In Ihem 
Ihst li iiolM dellgbtful la Ibe nlod ud the eje. LDu tbe beet atujut 
Uieir ijuaeB Ibis awiim of angeli risei willi the lieauleous aDDaritlim of 
Hb Vl^ln, whojo noble face ia uan.Qgunid wllb gladi 
umienlarllT airuled as >he ascends oo Ibo clouis, 

rully sopporUd in ilg upward piMage Uj' II. 

MEeU.' Thu liMlke 8Rinb]Bi>.:o of nalurs In tl 

Tdlong power wtlb whlob Ibelr Tarloaa acDiittuu of few 

verenl wonder, ud rKplure ire uprua^, nl>e Tttion 

btEb u tUM b>Jd by Biphiel and KiebHlOBgelo. — B. A C. 

FaitLeion, totheright: 25. rinloirlto. The FalL *81. Aforeo 
Basaiii, Cull Qtthe Son* of Zeliedeo, piinted iii 1510, aud asrk- 
ing, along with No. !)34 in RoouXYI. [paiDled in the Bame fear), 
the blgbeat level renched by Baaaitl, before he adopted the ityle 
ofBelllni. 32. TinlDrello, Madonna and Child, with tbree aenalari. 
■^ *33. Titian, Entombment, bis tut pieture, with vhlch ha wu 
engaged at the time of hie death, ju his 99ch year, completed liy 
Pidma Oio-eaat in 167B, ai the inscTiption reoorda. 

'11 may he ihat loukine oloaely at ilio 'Pieli', onr Bya will loaa 
llieiaadvea in a obaoa of lijnclieai but relirine to Ibe fiical distanoe, llwy 
recover Ibemaelvei and dialingolah all thai flllan meaDt to eaBvey. la 
Uie erou)i of Ibc Virgin and Cbrisl — a group fuU aC the deepeatkBl 

wbioh strikes ua In the -VMS ,•( Hlchaelangelo.' — C. * C. 

34. Bonifacio, SS. Anthony andMark ; 35. Tairm{t). Viaitattm 
(If genuine, his eailieet work estant); 36. Tinloredo. Rosiirceotion, 
and three senatora ; 37. Qiorgiant (?], Storm at aea. 

•38. Oiav. Bellini, Madonna enthroned in ■ rinhly decorated 
niche, with (1.) St. FrandB, Job, St. John, and (r.) .S,S. SebaBtlan, 
Unmlniqae, and LoniB, and three angels on Che stepa of the throne ; 
this ia one of the master's finest noiks. 

'P)n«1v (huughl onl 1b Ilia Dancentration of Kglit <m tbi' Vlretn aeatel 
with Ibe balie im her knee. ... By meang essentially fAi own, BcUIbI 
was kere urealinu fur Ibe VEnetieo sebnol siimeLbine dislaally akto la 
the eoBlalic slvle of Aogallco. . . . The 'canon' of Venetian art it braly 
staled lo bave been laid down Id tbia piclnre.' — (.'. « C. 

39. Paltna Oiavanc, Viaioi. from the Apoualypae; 40. Palma 
0(00., The foni' horsemen of the Apoonlypse ; *4fl, Tinforelto, St. * 
Mark releasing a condemned sIstb; 47. I'aiiovanino, M»rriags of 
Cana ; 49. Bonifacio, St. Francis and the Apostle Paitl ; 50. Boni- 
facio, The adulteress before Christ; &1. Tintorctlo, Portrait of the 
Dogo Luigi Hoceniga; 53. Calma, Scourging of Christ; 63. Ttlt- 
lirflCo, Madonna and Child, with SS. iloseph, Mark, and Jermne, 
and the portrait of the doge ; Hi. Paalo Veroneie, Virgin in gloty, 
below is St. Domlninna, dlstribnting crowns of rosea tu the pepe, 
emperor and king, doges, cardinals, etc. (difflcolt to see); *0&. 
Bonifacio, Solomon's judgment (1533); *5T. Bonifacio, Adoratton 
of the Magi ; 59. Pahna Vneehio, Assumption ; 60, Hoeeo Mareoni, 
Christ, Peter, and John ; *62. Paoio Veroneae. Scourging of St. 
Christina; 63. Tinloretto. Death of Abel. 

Bala III. I^adjoinlng the Asannta on the Tight): M,irble bust of 
0ioi!. Belttni. Late Venetian mnatera of no great merit Tke 
following are temporarily pi Bted here : Cima da Conesliana, TobisB 
and the angel ; 'Vitiate C'arpaccio (acpordilig to Mr. Crowei foim- 
erly attributed to Giovimni IScldni), 'the Sui^per at Kmniaus, fton 
S. Salratote (p. 246). The ceiling ^nVnttn^* «B\i-i Tmlotrtlo. 

VENICE, 30. Ritile. 

% left, up th« BtairfiBBe), ncacleiQio aBsembly-l 
wifli SBVBffil Vftltafa and nnmerouB uld drawings, smone wMcIl 
those by Leonardo da Vinci and tlie so-called Bketnh-liaok of Ra- 
phael are partioillwly interesting. - — As aome of the rooms were 
formerly closed nn certain days, the iinmliering of the tooraa does 
not coriespoDd nitli the order in wbicb they are now travorsed. 
Weneit enter — 

Sala XVU. : 583. Cima da Conegliano, Hadouiia and saints; 
586. Bonlfaeio, Tamptation of SS. Benedict »nd Sebaatiaa. 

*593. PSma Vicchio, Peter and saints. 

than Iliis. . . , In keeping with torclble allitudo and mnvemenU are the 
siilld lirudtb and nuliitnii^e of tho Imput, llifl lar^io cisl and nniuuallir 
fiDe EfilB iif Ibe drgnerf , Ilie muslvely mudelled surCasea, <be gtand abapei, 

573. Bonifacio, Adoration of the Magi ; 5T5. Tintorctta, Two 
(enators. — We next Inspect the tbree small adjoining rooma, 
tiituiiig flcst, by tbe second door to the right, into — 

Sala XVlll. : Modem pictures by professors and pupils uf the 

HaiaSIX. : Pictures of the 18th cent., most of them mediocre: 
644. Antonio Canute, sumamed Cmalello, Arr.hitectnral pities; 
6&6, 661. Carrierii, Portraits in chalks. 

SalaXX. ; Modem plctnrea; 671. Ant. Zonn, Meeting of 
Titian and Paolo Veroiieae. — We now return to Sals XVII. and 

S\h\ XVI. : "Ml. Paolo Veronese, Jeans in the house of Levi 
(1572), 3 masterpiece of the artist , who has treated the hletorieai 
incident merely as a pretext for delineating a group of handsome 
flgurea in the full and unfettered enjoyment of existoiioe f8uf«li- 
hardl). 54ri. Liiaaro S^iuitiimo, Antonio Ricclo congratulated by 
his friends. 543. OentiU Bellini, Miracnlona cure of Pietro di Lu- 
dflvlgo through the fragment of the Cross, ai> interior, originally 
painted, like the two other large pictnrea on canvas , Nos. 529 
and 555, for the Scuola di S. Ginvauni Kvang. (1500), where a 
relic of the Cross was formerly revered ; the walla were hnng with 
these pictures in the same way as with tapestry, > circiim stance 
which accounts toi many peculiarilies in the composition. "534. 
jViirco BwiaUi, Jesus at Gethsemane. 

* Vittore Catpaeelo, Nine scenes from the legend of St. Ursula, 
painted in 1490-95 loi the Scnola di S. UrsoU in Venice. 

B aanghteri 


■ Mil 


in lbs pUgrliUBei 

AdmlraMe pAzvpeoUre 
Id bu visited Bel0Hn 
WDBut lall ui eompue tblg woik iriUi (he cdcbnted ibrine ol <i. Vmlt 
Bl Dragei, patntcd by Usni' HemllBK ulioul Ibe »me liiuo (14891 tor Iha 
Honpiliil lit St. John there. Tha eieoutlnn of lie northern wtlsl Ij ton- 

629. OcntiU Bellini , Mlru^utDna Undlng ol & fTagoient of the 
'True Cross', wMch had fallen into the canal ; "5B4. Carpacciq, 
Ueiliag oFalanatiR, with the did Uialca hridgeia thehsckgroiuid; 
561. AheiK Vioarmi, Mad<mtiR with Bsints; 550. Cnrpaceio, Kti- 
tTidom Dfthe tO,000 CbcistisDB on Mt. Ararat, painted in 1615; 
•555. QmtUe BeUini, Prnceision In the Piazza of St. Mark, painted 
in 1496 (^ahoTing the appearance of the Piazia at that date, differ- 
ing materially (torn Its pieaent form); 5o2. CarpacBia , St. AoDft 
and St. Joachim lietnoeu St. Louis and 3t. Ursala. 

SawXV.: "500. Boni/ocio, Banquut Of Di*ea; "495. Howo 
Milrcnni, Descent from the Cross; 494. X. Baeaano, Raising of !.>- 
zaiuB; 493. Carlo CiiUari, Same Bubject; '492. Parii Bordont, 
The Itsherman presenting tbe Doge with the ring receiTed. frmn 
St. Hsrli, probably the most beautiful ceremonial pietnre In 
exiatetice fBuretAunK;. — '490. Pordenone , The glory of S, lO- 
renzo GiiiBtinieni , with .luhn the Baptist, St. FtannU, St, Am.- 
gustino, and three other llgures. 

pi«»laa. Tbe wiitk, biiwevsr, eannnt be put an i level with Iba cnH 
srationii Kf Titian. — C. 4: C. 

489. P. VeroncK, Salutation; 488. Carpaecio, CircnmnUiMi 
[IBIO). — '487. Titian, Presentation in the Temple. 

... _._. _.. .. . ,.a .,... «■..,._ ,.....,» ... ...-^ef inio ihepet- 

.er artists of Ul 
'cpreaml a sulijeet like thll 
' "is ligbl 11 b ex- 

d that Tilia 

time.""! r 

liicli be d.ri.ed 
was In the nai 




eMdinplj lo 

uetlnK Mid surp 

iiingly Vein 


nda Ibt sleps n 

Ibe temple 


on Ihe'fiMt"' 

aiding placB a 

nd Wllhers !■ 




«ITeet umui 


and sbaie, 

master bag 


and ilmpliein. 

. . The ha 


and tbe ehorfa 


ol Uibl 

reallsm Titian abowi bis great originality, and elaimg to be the nob] 
representative i.f llie VenetUn achool of cohyir'. -- C. ^ C. 

486. Fordfnone, Madonna of Oarmel and saiuta; 481. Pm 

vimino, DeauenC of the Ilnly Ohnst; Canaims original model of 

the group of Heroiiles and Llchas; 473. Pirlroda C^rtanu, iMiitX 

in tbe Uobb' den; 5'24. Bcnlfiu-in ^ M.aBiii,e,re of the Innocenb; 

. Vi9. Paolo Vermeae, Mailoima i«iaswnW-,ti\ft,ii.)ivi(oe\o,ta«rt 

Acndcmv. VENICE. 36. RouU. 

uid the ApOEtles; 513, Heirt of P. Vtrnntte (i. e. prodnned ■! 
ihe (leatli of Veruucee In hU atudto, whiuh whb inainta.iiied liy hi« 
luiial, Bsnquet it the houae of Levi ; 'SOS. Bonifacio, Christ ei 
;hroned. surrounded by s»ints (I530J; 503. TintoreHo, Mndon: 
ind Child, witb four BflnatoiB. 

browD hood; 338. Micbatl Mierevetl, Foitisit of a general ; 
337. Biiiolo, MtdoDDB and four asintB; 332. Oirolamo da Santa- 
croee. Madonna and Child with Bainta; 326. Bonifaein, Madonna 
andBBinU; 324. Pordmane, Angels among doada ; 319. TJIfati, 
Portrait of Janopo aorauKo, damaged; 318. Qngotio Sdaavone, 
Madonna; 315. Comrlii Engelbrcchtten, Ornoifliion; 313. 0(od. 
Btttini, Madonna ; 312. Lorenxo Canovisio, Okrist in the honse nt 
theHarlei; 306. TitttUl, Fort»it of a man; 298. mchuel Angrio 
Caravaggio, CheEB-playecB ; 295, Tintoretto, Portrait of Antonio 
OapeUo; *'281 , *!^. Hondekoeter, TIctorions uock , Hen and 
ohiflkenB ; 356. Antonello da Mearina, Madonna. — We now paaa 
through the door to the tijcht and Chen tum to the left into — 

Sala X. : 361. Moniajiki, Madonna and ealnla; 365. Andrea 
Schiavanc, Madonna and Child with tlie infant John and three 
aainta. — *366. Titian, John the Baptist in the wiidomeas, 
painted about 1536 and formerly an altar-piece in 8. Matis Mag- 

'Ai a aulilar; Rgan Ibig Bsptlil smbndiai all the priDclnles iif mnie- 
tnent Incnlcalci in thia IBlli eentnr; . It ii a splendid dhpla; ul mnB- 
oqlar slreDgth ud elaiticily numbiiied wiUi elovatloii in a frame of most 
poworfal huild'. — C. * (!. 

367. BoMimo, Holy Family ; 368. Bonifaeio. Adoration of the 
Mag! ; *3T2. 0. BeUini, Madonna and the Child aBlecp. 

Sala XI. and XII. chiefly contain early Italian masters of the 
13th and 14th centoriea, Intereating to the atndent of art, 

S*Li XIII. PiNAcoTBCA Rrnikh (presented in 1850 by the 
widow of Connt Bernard Renier) : Franceico VtcflUo (brother ot 
Titian), Madonna and Child with Join the Baptiat; 421. CImada 
Vmcgliano, Madonna and Child. 

^"414. Oiov. Bellini, Madonna with St. Paul and Rt. George 
(painted after 14S3). 

'Dnriialled for It> iiilreni« ptMiilun of drawing, Its breadlb of liEtat 
and itaade, mis caat of drapary, ud bright mamel uf ci.luiir'. — C. * C. 

435. TiiUtiTtHo, The adultereae before Christ i '429. Cimn, 
Entombment; 432. SeKool of L. da Vinci, Jeaua and the BcribeB. 
■436. Qinv. Bellini, Mary, Magdalene, and Catharine: 'the three 
women are oharactorifled by an extraordinary union of dignity, 
earneBtnBBS, and beauty' (C. * C.J. 

SAI.AX1V. : *U6. L.Battano, Adoration of the Shepherda^ 
•452. Qarofaia, Madonna traiisflKUted und loui ?,b\i\1.* V>.'aS.'8>^\ 
•45B. Cima, Cirlat with 8S. Thomas mi Mtigiiui-, Woli.. TiiAwtttW, 

238 RouU-je. VENICE. 

Senator; 4B5. Tiliicn, Portrait of Anto 
No. 295, S.U IX). 

We now retam to Sa.U IX. and thencB enter CoUftllionU., 
whlnh aoiitaiDB arithitecttinl driwiiiga. Thin uorridor is adjoined. 
on lie left by — 

8ala Vlll., ffhiuh uontaiaa pioturos from the Manfrin Gallery 
[p. 244) : Ibb. AnloncUo da Meaitus, Portrait ; 258. Jac. SavoUo, 
Twoiermits; IW. Niccolb dl PUlro, Madonna eiithroned (1394); 
261. Mflretio, St. Peter; 261. AntansUo da Muiina, ChriBt scoup- 
ged; 266, 266. NetherUndUli portraits; 270. Vcnttiim Sehota, 
Portrait of an old woman ; 272. Mamealeo, Three aaints ; •273. 
Andrea Mimiegna, St. George, the head claBnically shaped, Ite 
watbrnanaMp fine and minute; 274. Jan Bleen, Genre -piettiro 

We now trarerae the drat corridor (o the ante-room with acalp- 
tures (p. 233), and then tnm to the left into — 

Sala v., the pictures in whlith were presented by Count Con- 
tailnl in 1843 : 84. Pahna Vecehio, Christ and the STTOphenieiaa 
woman; 88. After Raphael, Holy Family. 

■94. Giov. BeUlni, Madonna and Child, painted in 1487. 

'We know doI whicti U, ulniiFe moil, llic nobis (raHI; i.r Hie molbsr, 
ur tbe puliBlion uf life in thE child, Bellliit oetmlnlr DEVer an oum- 
plBtelT onmbinefl relief willl IrinspnranoB, nr enldan tinie i,f Qeih wilh 
rlcb and luteful Isrmuiiy iif tinti', — C. * C. ' 

96. MarcQ MarsiaU, Sapper at EmmauB (15061; 101- ^iO"- 
SeUini, Madonna; 107. Sasioftrrato , St. Cecilia; 110. Aadna 
Cordegliaghi (or perhape Pordenone), Madonna with St. CathaFlne 
and St. John ; 117. Pierfranee»eo Bitiolo. Body of Christ monrurf 
over by angels ; 124. Bend, Diana, Madonna with John tbe Bap- 
tiBt and St. Jerome ; 126. CJrna da Comgllana, Madonna with Joba 
the Baptiat and St, Peter ; "132. Boeeaeeino da Cremona, UadoniH 
and saints ; 133. PoUdoro Venalaao, Madonna and Child, with 
John the Baptiat and angel ; 151. Jaequea Cailot, Market at Imi 
pruneta near Florence, a large piuture with numerous llgiirea and 
groups; 164. CaUot, Pont Nenf at Paris (theae two doubtful); 156. 
Schiaoone, Ciraumoision ; 186. Bimiilo, Madonna. In the oentK, 
Diedalus and learug, executed by Canova when 21 yeace of age. 

SiLA VI, QAWNBrro Contahini, containing 66 email pictures: 
Nos. 229, 230, 231, 241, 242, 243, aU by Pfeiro Longhi, aie in- 
teresting as affording samplea of the Venetian costumes and lubita 
of last century. Also ; 191. Antonio Badile, The Samarltaji wo- 
man St tbe well ; 231-238. Oiov. Bdlini, Allegories. The serloa 
of pictures attributed to CaUot are probably copies, 

Sala V'll. eontains groops of Ethiopian slaves in ebony, beat- 
ing Japaneae vaaea, executed about the middle of ~ 
and other acnlptnrca. 


36. Bouli!. 

^ Tliii "Caiuil Qrands cCimalutcu'/, tlie main arlery uf 
trafUB of Veniue, nearly 2 M. In length, siiii 33-66 yds. in width, 
iiitBraools the olty from N.W. to B.E., dWdiiig it into two unequal 
pmts. and rBBembling in invarlad S in shape. The Canal Qrando 
oocupios the lame position. »t Venice as the Oorso at Homo , the 
Toledo at Naples , or the ItoulDTards at Paria. Nunieions goiiduUa 
and other craft are seen here gliding in every diioclion, hnt little 
or iiD commeroial traffic is carried on, as the water is too shallow 
for s«a-going vessels. Bandsouio hiluses and magnillceiit palaces 
rise on Its banks, for it U the street of the Nobill, the ancient 
sristacracy of Venice. A trip on the canal is extremely Interesting ; 
Cbe distance from the Plazzetts to the station may be trsversed in 
less thui 1/2 br. , bat ^/t-t hr. at least ahould be devoted to it 
Id order to obtain a glimpse at the principal palaces in passing. 
The gondolier points ont the most impurtant edillces. The posts 
(pnli) were formerly the distinguish iiig marks of the palaces of the 
nobles, and are still ao to some extent, being painted with the 
heraldic lalours of their proprletora. The fbUowiug, begiiming from 
the Plazzetta, are the most striking. 

of tliff^" 


Dogana di Mare (Pi. 37"), the 

principal custmn-honae , erected 

by Beiioni in 1682 ; the tane sur- 

iuting the Urge glided ball 

B the ei 

m<t of the 

gilded Fdi 

Beminuio FatriKTMle(PI.99 ; 
open eiery afternoon], contain- 
ing a collection of statues, arohi- 
tectuial fragments, eto., a col- 
Inctiou of oolns, a library, and 
the small Gallery Manfredini. 

PaUttio fViualJniimi, now the 
llfitcl Europa [PI. b), in the 
pointed stylo of the 15th century. 
Pal. E,no-T/evti CPl. 61); in 
one of the apartments is a*Oroup 
of Hector and Ajai , over life- 
size, Canova's last work (tuo 

1 ft.). 

Iwii imsll pictures, Christ and Uir; 
l(a|:iUlene, and the Samarifcan wo- 
pian, probably b; FiUpptna L^pi. 

8. Maria dtUaSaluU rpl.Ml 
see p. 252. 

Pal.DaTfo-AnyaTani(P}. 591. 
in the style of the Lombardl 
(ISlh cent.). 

Pal. Vcni'sf, a grand building, 
but the ground-Door only com- 


now Hotel Britannia. 

Pal. Contarlni, 16th century. 

*Pal. ContaTial-Faaan(P\.b2'}, 
restored in 1BQ7, and — 

Pal. Ferro (PI. 47), now the 
Grand Hfitel (New York), both 


Piil.Dn Miil,i, puinlpd style 
of the I5th cent, (nnw a glasE 
manufactory, p. 215), 

Pal. Zirhy-EiltThaa, (PI. 95). 

Pai. Manvmi-Anyanmi (Ft. 
781, of the period of the Loin- 
ttirdl (15ch oent.), formerly an 
odiflueof greilmai^nifluenu?, and 
the Hole palace wbleb stood in a 
Teudsl telatlaii to the rt^pubtic. 
nov iji a dilapidated coaditiou. 


Ibon BaiiiOB, conEtnii 

OiiFipo Helta CarltS. 

Aeeadtmia dtlU BetU Arti (PI. 

Pal. Gambara. of the ITtli 

Polazii Contarini degli Bori^i 
(PI. 51;), one , erected by ScQ- 
nioaii, of the I6lh, the other of 
tbelSthoant. (thepictute-gallery 
formerly hcrehas been presented 
In the Auiiemy. «ee p. 233). 

Pat. dtU Ambiaclatore . 15th 

/ •Pal KoMonieo (PI. 86"), the 
property nt Count Zelenski, a 
BpsclDDB stracture nf the 17th 
and ISlh cent., erected by Lon- 
gkena and Uaisari. 

Two Pal. Giuslinianl (PI. 68), 
ill the pointed style. 

*FaL FoMui | PI. 66 ; called 
the Pal. Giuitiniani hefore the 
addition of the upper story by the 
Doge FranceBco Foaciri), in the 
pointed style of the 15th oent., 
a handeome eCructute , Eltuatod 
at the point where the Canal 
turns to the E., containing the 
•Seuola Saperiore dl Commeruio. 

■Pal. Comet dslls Cfc Onmde 

(P!. bi), ererteil by Jae. Sann- 
vino In t&33, with apaeloua )d* 
ner court, now the seat of the 

Pal. Barbara. 14th century. 

*Pal. raoaMi(PI. 50(, in the 
pointed style of the 15th cent., 
with flue windows, the property 
of Baron Frauchetti, who has t»- 
Btored it. 

Church of S. Vitale. 

itediii 1831 (toll 2 c). 
Camps 5. Vilalt. 

Pal. aiuttinlaa-Lolin (PI. 
of the ITthceut., the pi 
the Uucheas of Parma. 

I (PI. 6a 

CA del Duea , ■ house began 
for the Duke nf Milan . but left 
unfinished by order of the He- 

Pal. MaUpltTB, Kenalsaanee. 

Pa!. Graiii (PI. 72), of the 
18th cent., restored by the late 
Baron Biua. 

Pal. MoTO-Lin (PI. 82), 17th 
cent,, erected by Mazuini. 

*Pal. ConlarinidelUFiiniTt(P[. 
53), in the early ItenalsBance 
style, 1504-64, with shields 
and trophies suspended trom the 

Pat. Moctnigo (PI. 81), three 
coiitisuous palicss, that In the 
centre occupied by Lord Byron iu 

r ""^ ' ~ '^^M 

Canal Orande. YENrCF.. 38. Rouit. ^^^^1 


Right. ^V 

Pal. Bam (PI. 42). i Renals- 

coiKaliia the ExbibUlon of Art ■ 

«anun struRluie, erected by Altm, 

mentioned at p. 216 (with Ti- 1 

Urn's pieMire, TI.e Snyioilr's J 

This pun of thft Can«l, and 

Bleseing). ■ 

f»»(iurili> subject with artista. 

P.d. Grimani [P\. 10) in the 

e.rly RenaiflMnee «yle. 

Pit. Ptnieo (PI. 83). 

Pni. Titpolo (PI. 92), begin- 

Pid. (Jurinni, Ifith pentnry. 

ning of ieth oentilry. 

"FiLKianluS. i-aoMP1.85|, 

•Pal. CornBr Spinslli ( PI . 56 ). 

in the polntvil style of cha Utb 

early Iteuaiasanee, In th« style Of 

century. The Balebrated piiliire 

the Lombard!. 

«f Dariug and AlenaniliT , by 

Pal. CdvtiUi, in tliH pointed 

Paolo Veroneee, formerly here. 

BlylB of the 15th ceiimry. 

la now In England. 

•Pal. Grimani ( P. 7Ib), » Re- 

nalssince editioe, chef d'aavre 

(PI. 43) was once celebrated for 

of Mifhele SammirbeU, middle of 

its plotii re-gallery, which berame 

the IBth cent., now the Oorte 

the property of the Emp. of Kuaala 


in 1850. 

*P.<1. >V,r««i (PI. 65, origin- 

Pat. Grimani, erected by one 

aliyDnn<blo), tn the Venetian 

or the Lombard! In the Kenais- 

style of the 12th cent., with an 

unce style. 

admixture of By*an«na and 

Pal. B«™.)rifc(Pl.4Cl, in thi. 

Moorish features, now occupied 

pclLtKd Btyle. 

*Pai. Papadopoli, formerly 

'Pal. Londaa (PI. 74) , mbybI 

with the last, with coloured in- 

cruatatlon, was once the resi- 

dence of king Peter Lusiguan of 

Cyprus, huBbaiid of Catharine 

Cornaro (comp. Pal, Corner, p. 

243), whose armorial bearings 

are seen on different parts of the 

P>>L Phani-MorHUi , p..1iLl.;il 

ediflce; now orxnpied by mui>l- 

ilpal offloes. , 
Pal. Da«dBlo (PL 58"), early / 

Qothic, oiiflo the unpretending 

reeldence of the crlubrated Doge 

Enrioo Dindolo (p. 327; amaU 

■■afa on the ground -floor"). 

'Pal. Bcmbo (¥1. \^"\, V* •&«. 

pointed Rts\6iitft\e\X'C«.t«A\VttV4- 

Pal. Minln V.?\. Tl\. Vv«b.< 

fICE. r„nat (Tr^ 

tti^Ai' hy Jae. Saiuovii 
Bpnl., Wks the proporty of the 
last Vagp liod. Maiiii 
Ibe sppruaeh of the Pmnch In 
Msy, 17»7, ri^slsnod hiBofflne; 
I it is Tiow the Bnncn Naiionalt. 
The TontB di Eialto (I.e. 'ai mo bIW; PI, E, 3). 
Ixiilt ill lii8a-yi by /Inluniu dn Pimle, ITiB ft. Iniig. 4G ft. wiile, 
coiieutH of > aiiigle inntblti arr'h of 74 ft, up&n slid ^'2 ft. i>i lieiglit. 
resting on 12,000 pilra. It ie aitii&ted midway betwueii i\tp Uogiiii 
di Hire and the r&ilway-HUtinn, siidduTrii to lSri4 |p. 'MO)waBChf 
sole «oii]ie«ling link butweeii the K. Hnd W. quartern ut' Venice. Ud 
the right bank, neat the bridge, is the FUh Murket, abiindaiitly n^ 
plied on Fiidtys. On the left la Che Fruit and VegtlahU Uarkik 
where axoellaiit fruit niay goiierally bo pnrcliasud. in the a 
On the left hank ua >l«o situated Che FiMriolte Ytcthle, oreeted ^ 
Soirpagiiiiio In l.'iW, and thu I'abbnehe Nuove, built by Sanwihie 
ill l^QT), as offluea and warehousoa for tlie republln. A new edifloe 
In a similar style , adjujnltig the Canal at the bank of the Pal, if«' 
Cameilenghi , imntaiiiB niuniripsl oflleefl. — Deeoriptioii of ifU) 
quarter near the Pnnte Itialto, see p. 247. 

I Fondaeo dt' Ttdaehi fPl. 63) 

I WB3 a (iepfil of the wares of Gei- 

I man merchants from the I3lb 

cent, onwards. It was ro-erectwl 

in 150a, md as the Signodi 

fused to allow the use of marble 

In Ub oon struct! oil, the Germiiiit 

betook themselres to Oiorgiimfe 

Pai rfc r™«r(enffAi (PI. 49), snd Titian, who decorated it ei 

in th early It nslasanne style of ternally with tteseoBa. Of thai 

ir2. ou e tl e rpsidenoe uf the the only vestiges are a Hgora 01 

erected by 

lep hliian chambetli 
ecrs of Unal ce , was 
GBgt elmo bergainsBr 

Ftbet vegetable market (p. 

PfscftwJ-i (.PI. E, 31, dah- 

the side facing the caual nuil' a 
.lasClce by TiClau above the door 
in the lane. Tlit' huilding is 
now used 39 a vustom - liuuse 

Cortt del Remer, ]3thooirtUTj. 

C^ dii Motta, 12th century. 

Pal. Mangilli-ValmitTana (PI. 
76), built by Visentino. 

" ' Michieli itaUt ColBIUU 

(;^PI. 79), 17tb eonWry. 

PuL. SiiBtidn, ^\b,\»4 «t)la tf 

£»1. Cotoer dells BegiUIPI. 

5ri) was erealed by Aoui In 1 724, 
an ttii; aite uf tUa huiise in wliiiOi 
Calharliiu Cainoro, guii<:n nf Cy- 
p tug, was born : Uiaiiowi-mcirita 
ili pietk' iir pawn-ofBre. 

*Fal. Teuro |Pi, 84'|, x Ku- 
naibBAnnc ccllllfte nr the ITth nmn. 
by Lenirilsn'i |,aeiv3asible <UUy 

porter 20 n.), coiitsinH a BiTioB of 

KiiDiptiiou» >,pt.rtment9 ainrneil 

I with pictmsi or no great valui.'. 

Church of S. Euatachio ('S. 

Pal. TwnCPl.O!!), I6th r-eii- 

'••il. BalUi^i-i {P\.ii'), ereolad 
by Longhena. 

TandaGo ia' TnreU (PI. 64], 
Romancuque style of thu 10th 
t., onou (afMr 1021) a Tur- 
kish dep6t, has lately been en- 
tirely rsBtnrea and fltted iip for 
the receptloii of the'Civico Mv- 
I BBU CoBHHit (open Mud., Wed., 
»nd Hit., 10-4), formerly iu the 
~ iziu Cofror. The Library is 
open OD Tuesdays, Thuridaya, 

• Fridays, )0-3. 


ir nh|«l 

, palnUnga, , 

. f Agtifpa [ 

erlv In llio DDnrt of thaPal. Qrimiinl 
and luppuseil lo hare bean bmUHlii 
- " DBl, unique tern 


Aal. Ja Mtnlna P), fortrail ofOiov] 
rieudillaMlranaola; 'OimUf BtlHai, 
&i%a Pouaii; Jitmt StUini, Bu 
Hlebalai; Oim. BiOiHi, Uugu Noee- 
nlgui Carpacclo, TwuViuieUHn ladlci 
''-'-elfiibcsni.i Ointaila OmtfHaiio, 

^ KiyM. 

•C4 d'Oro |P1. 481, ptOpwlf 
'oro, 'ihB goldoii houaa', on «n- 
ountnf It* rioli ornaiiioiitatlon. 
i, in spite of ita unayninietriral 
Un, the most elegant oflhu pn- 
icus in the pointed style of the 
Uth cent. (p. 218). 

Ptil. Fnatnnn , lulii Itsriaii'- 

Pai Grhnani dtU., VIda (PI. 
71), 16th cent., in the style uf 

Pal. Eran), in the puliited 
atjle of the 15th oentnry. 

Tftl. Vendrttmin Oolorgi (Pi. 
94), early Renaiasancu Htylu, 
erected in 1481 by FUtro Lmn- 
bafda, one of the Uueat paUeea 
nil the Canal Otande , and well 
worthy of a vtait, ia the pto- 
p«tty of the Duke ot Bordeaux, 
Motto mi the Bxtnrior, 'nan »a6iV. 
The interior is magniflnently fit- 
ted np, partiPiilarly a room to the 
right of the reception room, vlth 
leather tapestry and a fine painted 
frlete by Pnlmn Giouone, repre- 
seuting the Triumph nf Csaar. 
It also eotitaliis some line paint- 
ings by Paluia OloTane, Tintoret- 
to, and Bordone, and oiadetu 
works (aooesaible daily, porter 
25 c. , attendant 1 fr. j. There 
■re aUo two rootna oonMintn|.;^ 
piolurea for sale. — 

Church of 8. idarfuoUi. 

Church of 5-0«rm/«(Pl.I>,^. 

Pal. Fmnffini, Kenaienaiieej • 
with fa(ade curloasly tenalnated 
by a hBlf-coIumn. 

■Qli BwOii (.PI. 31) la the 
aiimptuoiiB, piclnreaqile church 
nf the ordut o( bBrefo'>ted umuvM., 
iuimBdUV>\^ »*i '.'fte ^- »^ ** 


Caniil G 

I night. 

■' "■■ n,.] iifTiirda an exnellent aiteple 
■I iliclocoraliveatyleofthalTth 
iilury. Thp seven rhapelB and 
III hi'iii ii,i. Ci^'adG were constractei) 'at 
"iVCiuir '""^ expense nf eiglit dWerent 
[•,hiD&- Venetian rimilieg. It vasgiituP- 
' -*"— ■ ' asged by t1ie bombntdmenl 

; ofl»49,bi 
- Behind the high alui 
by Bellini. 

Nrw iRON-HniDaB, completed in 185S (toil f)n.> 

n 18611. 

Stiuiont dtll'i Slrnda ftTTabi 
Rail. Statioiij; omiiiliiia-tHMtt. 
>tr.. see p. 21'2, 

S. Simeone Piccolo (PI. U), 
opposite the railway-atjtion, W, 
of tlie iron bridge, erected 1718 
-St!, with s purtal resting on 
iwliinins, is siimiuunted by a 
dome in imitation of the Pan- 
theon St Kome. — Adjar«nt la a 
hnnse with a painted Tafade In 
good preservsllon. 

To the left, near the point where the Canal turnt 
li Bitnali>cl the well-kept Oiardmo Popiidopoli (PI. 40, C 3; pet- 
mesM 10 be ohtaiiiod at the Pal, Papadnpnli^ 

In the CAKURnaoio, which diverges fruin the Canal Qiande at 
S. Oeremia, riies, to the left, the Pal. L«iia (PI. 73), of tbe I7tk 
r«nt., with freacoea byTiepolo. Farther on, also to the left, it the 
FkL ICaiifriii ( PI. To), containing a picture-gallery, the beat wutkt 
uf which were Buld in 18a6. U atill contains abunt 200 pictwea, 
some of them valiiable, in seven rooms ; 

3. Lormsa Lolla. Maannna anil Clifld wllh Iwn salnia, and Uh ilinar 
hutwucn Ihvm; 28. Simtoriio da Uihmo IT), Madanna CDllirunedi 9&. AM- 
/!>««, Allteoryi 51. OlrolamQ Ha Bania Croct, Adoration ot lbs HagltTS. 
Ituod Mid cnpy t.l Tillan'fl Entombmrnl in (hb LDnvrci ISU. Baphail m, 
N.iab enierine lli« ark. AIJ Fur aslu [admiaslnn dally tOd, Vlfr.). 

Opposite, on the right aide of the oanal , diverges the BhtUo 
Veecltin (PI. D, IJ. Fallowing the Canareggio farther, we pass the 
Pnl. /tavoTtiiiin on the left, and reach the chnieh of S. Oinbba 
(PI. C, 1), an earl) Keuaisaanue structure witb a fine portal. 

III? 11: 

e nn<l chapel on tbe left, Mmstnictcd by PIrIro 

1 In the I 

rliUh was adnracd 


Adjoining tbe c.hnroh is the entrance t< 
{1^. C, 2), famed for Ito gleantif. v.aWV, 
f>rim tbe Pal. Correr (PI. K-a ■, \>,'i"> a. 

:i(rint«il Bardrn 





WF6t 8. Siuomo del 


;ij, tlie [nt 

to Ctotbic 

m. 8el>u 

iwu olhor«- TIm r 

fl > .«.Uhul 

rirbl/ gilded 

imorioh" Ibe B»l)ast.'' ' 

{]ft. above in 

e BSOrisly 1 

npcl fvlbe 


'Tm; ''tortKB lJ(V«" 

k [iiilpil in 

m of a driaklni!-£lua. 

In the Yielnily is the fbnitjM 

de' TutbAi, see p. 


In the bllDwiiig deBcripltoii or the churches and otliei sfghU «t 
Venice Ibe Piij.zi ov St. Maok is takau aa a BtaTting'potut f Camp. 
■Uo p. 2211. 

Skirting the N. side of the chunih nf Si. Mark, prooeedlng to the 
E. o( the small piazza in which risen the nionitmelil nrManln(p.K4), 
■nd passing the Pel. Fulriareale on the right, vie observe opposite 
UH the Pat. Trenisnnl , or Bliittcn Capelio , built ill the style of the 
Lombardi about 1500. We cross the bridge [flue view of the back 
of the pslace n( the doges and of th* Bridge of Highs}, and IravBisB 
two small pia7,7,»8 to the Campo and the church of — 

■B. ZMWATia 0*1. 313; G,-}*), erected by Afarltno Lambardo in 
1457-iril5 i» the round-srch style, supported by eix Cnrtnlhiaii 
iMllilmiis, and pOBsesslng a remarkable and somewhat iliscurdaiit 
fafsde. The reuess of the high altar is In the Gothic style. Over 
the entrance the statae uf St. Zaohartas by Altm. Vittotia. 

ThB walla uf Lhe HAva are cnvered witb laryu pielUTfls, aJJ nT thDai, 

of lb« chuKb. To the left OF tlio entrance, over EUa benitier, a Hlitiieltc 
or John Ibe Bapliit by Al. ntlaria. The third arcade nn the H^ht IeiuIb 
tu the CuHO DII.LE MoRaoHE (Choir of Ibe nuns). Od tliD wall In the 
liebt: ■KadnaDa enthroned and four Mlnli, b; Oiav. Jlrllini: — Tliix 

Christ l^V birona at Vloen'ia [p. a6l), the growing masler)-' 'if"':i'". 

nenl, elTflct, and eoluur aress riobly rjaubloeilwltli freedom of hand', — 
rr. £ C. — Over Iha donr, KtUvilv of John Ihe Baptist, by TiBlm-Hi;. li> 
be Cu-PUM, ni S. Tar^sio (2nd on the rlgbl), three glided 'Allarn in 
:arved wood, Df 1U3-U, with old Italian pietqres by the Vtvatim uf Uu- 

AHimirB rilhria (d. IBtfi}, with a bnil h; the mastur bimitelf, •qui 
*.r«» .<.». d«Tll . »dr»i»r< ^M:-. - Snd allar (I.), 'BjUbrUBed Hadoana 
and MinlB, by Pahw VtcMo ID, 

We now retrace our steps, and proeeed from the first Campo 
direct to the bridge of the Rio dellaPaglia to the left CN-). Iraversu 
tbe Calls dells Chieaa, cross the PrmXt florin, follow the Utiga 
Oiuffa 10 the left {on the right la the tiathic <4rR0 Bin , v 
ornamrnlationl , and thus reach the considerable Cakfo 8 
Formosa (Pi. F, 3 1, in which la situated — 

B. KariaForiDOtB (PI. 18), erecteiV Ib H**!, x ra»cMo 

■ An 

^L Pino 

Passing to the right of tha ohuccli iiiil skirtiiif the tianal, we 
oIlBerTe beyoDil the hiiilge the pliitiireBijue Portu dfl PanJAiK. 
— [From this puiut we imiy pna* tlimugh the ('alle del Pu>diM 
to the ihurch of S. Lio, on Ibe Bret altor to tho left in whiehll 
rilion'f S. jAgO of CumpoatctU (lD6fi).J 

We then vroa; tho PniLtP Uiign (jIijITh iijiI prnueoil pust Iha Tal. 
^erinJ (^now s reBdlng-iooni ami library; aclm. iJ-II p.m. ou 
previona applicatioB to the direiitw) to tho Pni. <VWni,mi(PI. 71a; 
F, 31 ereouid in the 16th uont. uniloi tlie iiifliitrioii iiF J'ielro Lotn- 
ftafifo. — The Pni. Malipiera in the T-iinpo H. Miiri« I'^ormoaa also 
dat<>E from tbo bpginning of the 16th ncntury. 

The Rlroot opposite the rhurch lotiiis iliri'M to Ihii ohuttSt vl 
'S.Uliiliaiin and to thoKeroeiu (PI. F, 4, 3|. tho prinRipal hualnMs 
street of Venice, imntainiiig the beKt shops those of lh» PiMWl 
of St. Mark. From tho latter thn Mciri'.iTia \s reachod by pwritig 
under tho clock-tower (p. 2'i£i). Tho fliBt abort alrt'ct to the Ughl 
Ipids to — 

8. eioliono I 'firin ZuUani'. PI. 16; F, 3, 4), oTecli'dhySiifwonfiio 
ill 1553. The bronze statue of ihe fltuudcr, Thomas uf RavciUl*, 
ill a sitting postnre, is by thu same master. 

iNLEniDu, let Altar to tho laft: Beetaeitmi dn frtHumn, Uafloiuw anil 
four myinbi;. ill th.i r.hniwl ta Ilia left nf tliu hlub altar in aUvfima Om- 

l.a«t HiiPr'.T, Above llm higb-ultnr! Santa Cnm, Coronation of Iho Vir^a. 

Iletiirning to the Herceria. we soon ohserve the lufty oh bit of 
S. Salvatore appttarlug hGlweon the houses. The fnlraitne to tlw 
uhiirnh is in the Cainpo of tho samB name. 

*B, BalVBtoie (PI. 30; F, 4), by Giurgia apai'tnta, coinpI«ted 
in 1534 (^fafade i6(j3], suTtnonnCed by three Gst domes ceaUBg an 
oliciilar vanning, la one of tho fliiest oliurehcs in Ventco In this 
style. It ia at preaaiit nniiergoing roBtoration (piKturas in ttiB 
Aeadeiny, p. 334 1. 

ife; lifiwecn the Snd and 3rf, thai of 

r the 3rd altarlalSQ by BanioBinol im ■fci.mi.etalion by tmm, 
in his 89fh yeat, Vn wliioh 'Itift inniRvii aSMtaH»...>*m. 
r as near lii MiohaelaanMo Vn annee^ftiin t^M ^™ -ssMMsfe 

ir of Venloe. Ban ■ TruiBflEsm 
< patBtDd.IiMBlha AvDHBeiatlDn Rbn 1H60 

'ciitiMl u'n the led 0> Fn 

IXd. l6flBj, with KlW 

Then to tl h h " 6 li 

■fcuBy CuKe cfe fuft I k I e tumpu 

" Bartoiommc F I t <• B I a otherwise 

iiitereBttnE Durpr palntud nn the ronun si on pf (he Qerm»n 
mecr/hsnta in ^e ce b s ^lebrstcd Mndonns sud Lhid v th (he 
garlands of roseB (now n Prague comp p fil We now pro «ed 
- -.e righl th ongh the narrow ( allu dclU B aaa es the Ponte 
S. Antouto mi rea h flrat th h rhofi I o(p 246) a d theu 
thst of S Ma in Fomoea lo the I ft a ih P nl« H R( Ito 
.(>. IVi). Vie coi^ tho piBj a s slrniBht i o paea the 

pFonAicnrlt 1<l« rt ( PI M F3 p 24'' tlcltt a Ir.oh 

n the right 

.... - ■■ ", 3,, t 

At ihe bunk of the i.hurch is the Ttnim i^alibrnn I PI. 103); 
then farther on, beyanil the Becoud bridge, the uhuich of — 

Banti &p«toli (Tl. 5 ; Y. 2), prectPd in 1672 , mntaiiiing tho 
raypelta Comer \1\\S uhnpel lo the tight), whluli heloiigod to an 
, earlier rjiurch. and wu erected by (luyllelmo Bergiimnnco iii tliB 
16th nent., with tw'o nionnnieiita of the Coniw family. To the right 
In tho «hoit: Caare dit dmcgliima , Last Supper; left, Paolb 
"«.jnw<, Fall of Manns. 

Opposite Ib Ihe Sruola delV Angela Cuelnde (Fl. 31; ClerinBii 

Prot. fihurckl. — To the N.W. of Ilia Campo SS. Apostoif runs the 

new Corio VittBTio Kmanutle fPI. E, 3), the hrondest street in 

I Venice , by whifili we may prnooed past the I'.hnruh of S. Felice U 

the Pala?,;!o Oiov.nelli [p. 253). 

We now prni«Bd to the S- to the RiitTo Bbiudh (Pi. E, 3; 

I p. 2i,1). ImmeiiiaU'iy beyond it. on the right, is the ohurch of — 

' 8. SiaoomeUo di Eialto fPl. 13" ; E. 3), whir.h is said to havo 

[■on iTC'i-li'.l 111 520 I? I, s short bsBiliciwuSi a itiroenNOi'&s. tint.*, 

.« most nm-lm<t oxaraplu of thin atylo s,^ Venloe. Tfte ¥oiSn\** j 

248 Boule 38. VENICE. 

jVuoi'i! inrt Vieckle tre aitmied here (p. 'J4'J ), 

oE the VtjitlnbU Mnrktt (^firttria ; p. 241} i 

EgrptUii granite, to vhlvh ■ flight nt aiHpt 

fcupolilig Hgurp, '/I tlobbo tU BlaUo\ Kroxn this rolimin the liws 

of Iho RrpiiWie ware aiirtniitly promulgitPil. 

Nc,\t ill a straight ilirentlon , put the ficcchcrit , or sUughter- 
houBPB. to the churuh ofS.CAssiANo (PI. 13 b; E, 3), af 161t; 
Isl altar nil the right, •Pnima Yerrhio (or Roera Marconi), John 
Ihe Baptist »ai four wliits ; 3rd altar nii tho rleht. Ltondro Biatana, 
Salutation. — Still farther nii is the churuh of S. Mabia Hatbb 
Douini (PI. 19 ; D, K, 3|, begun hy F. Lombardo, and ctimpleM 
by Sofiiooino. Over thu 2nd aliar to the right: Vine. Catena, 
OloriUcatioti of St. Christina; on the left, Bonifacio, Laat Suppsr. 

The traveller who ivUhos to proceed direct to the Frlri , tunu, 
on luaviug S. Uisi;opietta , to the W. Into the Kuga Vbim^Ib, In 
whiub, on the left (gateway adjoining the campanile), is 8. Qieraanl 
EInuiliuxlo, erected ill ibll \fj Scarpagnino. (ThU churuh should 
be visited in bright, ulear weather.} 

Bsy iiD Iha rigtit, Mlur-puCD by Piirienoat, SS. Scbulian, Eiidiu, 

u! Dolu. nil tyiH! la nul iinn Uikl pslDlEri knuw in^ roapecl a* tntf- 
Iwmnllj prcaorvofl in the Mnuli uf tiiu nleiurlnl oratT A fiiiliop ghrlog 
aLau nili^ht be ths inbjcel nf i lauie cnnipu^Itlun. Ni>nfl bnl a nuiB ef 
grnint could eive Inlsnot and force to oiieh a IheniEi but Titlas Wa> K 
genlua anA it is aorpriiine wltb wtaal puwer lirj coneelxM and aairiw 
out his Idea. ... Tbo funni are ulurnl, but .if juud flcaoDtng, nuniat 

Iho ooiocoTKOl, Iho miiSellinn ninslerlj. ... His colouring-U ganenBll 
bts CKinmand of line Hnrprliiog, bit liincb UDSUFpuaalilb' (C. t 0.}. — 
To the lo«. Ham raellio, Boge Grimani alirn. 

We foUon the same street, and oroas the COmpo S. ApoUman, 
near which is the Pai. Albriai (flne stucco emhellishmentB in (Ha 
ititertOT, by Al. Vittoria) to the Campo 8, Polu (in the neighbour- 
ing Kill di S. Polo la the Pal. Coraer-Maccaigo, with a good fajaja 
by SammiBhein, Passing hotwaen the church and the ancient eam- 
pantle of the 1 4th cent., we Inks the second side-etreot to the right, 
and then the fourth to the left, leading to the former Rhnich of the 
FrandacaUB, or the — 
y\^**?TBxi (S. Mn™ ttiorios.1 d« fVari, PI. 10 ; D, 3), aoruoKtmn 
'^chVnh , one of the largest and most heautiFul at Voiiioc , in die 
Gothic style with the peculiar Italian modlflcatioiia ( twelve (drealw 
buttresses}, ert'Rted about the middle of the I3th oi^iit. , «i4 
(MiDplBted before 1338 by NletaH/ Pimno. It iwniaiiiB numerous 
monumonte, seulptures, and pictures, and like S. Giovanni e Pawlu 
(p, 254} la the last restlng-plaoe of many eminent men. The rounded 
tofminstions of tho facade are much later than the chureh itself. 
Bjoht Aisls. Adjiiiolng the Isl altar Ibe ■Hananienl uf Titian Id. 
reotod by Boip. Ferd. I., comiilcted by Ltliai and PIttro ZtUtif- 
Fn rSSa In lh<- cvnlro, abiive ttic &ea\ct.U<« 'TitUno FcrdlDaB- 
1852; between Riur coliunnti.TiliaiisiV 


lug Ihe atatop, "( S»ij; oo tho uolgmp.i ort Ukuics irprtBtQling Scqlutnr^* 
Architecture, PiinliBg, »nd Wooi-csriing. On tbe wiilJ ure-rellefii of (h* 
Ihiee moBi oeletmled pictures nf Tma.!!, Ibe AuumpliuD {p. 3S3), Hoctyr- 
dum of at Peter (p. art), and Hlrtyrton. of 81. mwrence (p. aB()i nbovs, 

Arsl plclurei (eomp. p.2SlV,'kbove these the lion of SI. Harli. Below itni 
Iwo agiirei vlth MbieW : 'Eqaes et comes Tllitnua nit. Cimln. V. IfiSS-, ind 
'TlUuD moBameBtom ereetuoi ell. Perdinuidui I. 1839-. — Orer the 2nd 
■Itu: &i{t«aH, PrgiaalilloB orUiiry In Ifas temiilci sdjicenl, the maouinsnt 
of AliDerlco d^EiM of Modena, n eeneni of the Republic (d. ItHU), willi 

poKwiw the feslurei ud flgnre of Titltn obgn in bin 99tti yeir. ' 

BtDUT TiuTi!>iiii. "HonumeDl of jKopo Hsrcello id. ItStl, k nkruiphJigiu 
home t>; Ibree rasle Bgnren ; nKitr-piece in four KeetienB tiy Barl. FiDanW. 
Over Ibe door of the nurialy, the moinmcnt of Benedetto Feakro {d. IB03|. 
— In the HioBHTi , impuelte tha door, a. shrine with relieh In marble 
of the ITth century. 'Altar-piece, ■ Ukdunok HDd ikintB, by Oior, BtUlnl, 

IMi Ml .... the Virein 

their crunwi o( lek«e«, lb 

dcflnlle, wllb orlip preclsiu 

In the ohnroh, lo Ibe left of Ibe entrance to the IHrlity. the iniitiiiiiKirl 

of Puilo Sivolli (d. UU5), w»b in equcBirian itatua. 

Chuib Cbaivi^. Sad Ciapiloa lAiriglil: on thflright, the muuiiineht of 
Tlnscln degli Albertl, on the left, that of an unknown werriur, b.ith of llie 
Hlh eentury. — Choir: (r.) naumleuni ot Ibe Doge Franc. Foaonri |d. 1157), 
|1.) thai u( tbo DoB8 MiccolA Trnn (d. 1473), bolh by Ant- Hiico. — CHofiti 
iH U> Itfl: Ut, altw-pieco, -aadoona &nd •ainti, by Barn. Cleinlo da fop- 

of Heloh. Trolnano (d. IDOO) , tbe altar in 'odonred and' gilded carvHl 
wood, in the cenlre Jubn Ihe BnptlM in wood, by ilanalalld ,' Bird, allU' 

1 adinb-able pruportlon 

If and' J^. 

Lbpt Tuhhett. AltiT-picae ia 3 icctlona, fit. Mark with aainti 
(IHi), by Sari. V*.ar(B(. 

Lsrr AiiLB. Bapl'tttTp! allat In marble, St. Peter, Mary, and eight 
lalnli, of the IBtb sent. ; OTir the font a itstue of John the Baptinl , t>y 
BaKmeitH. Farther dd: Tonh of Jac Peeaio (d. IU7). 

■•A1tai^pieee,HBdoiu>a of tbo Peiaro family, by niiiu.eoniplclediD 15m 

dl B. Kiiceu, p. W}) Ibe breaBtb of Titian's laienl, and lakea ne, nut 
withiml preparation, lo lbs heiebt of bii plolorial fame. He has bnmeht 
to perfection Iha lafll and Bi — ■ -' -" ' " ■-■ 

and c-liinr with maKie Ugbtan 
Goncentlona of pJace wbien mai 

with maKic 1 _ . . 

k tbe aainily piciure* ol eanior iimet, in. 

iMcn. r.*.' ■Aa^'virgln ilti on her throne 

irilb Ibe ilandard of Iho ehurob nnturled and. », ts,^ftie ■t>i-*VVm>M*.-« 
a rope nymlwIiKM tbo vieiory of the Peiiiirt. ^ainw, %« ■Cob \«>^^ ' 
.Beacdettii Feiaro Md tile memhtiB ol hli laniQ^ tC, * Q.l. 1 

ib nnpleuiii UeanaAfd 
RHDva l«. tea), 'prfnetofai 
1 the niHlPr'i oirn dMiin for 

Uid olhen. — By Itw W. purUil the MmimhafiM of Fi( 
tnam, b^ JI. Uopanli. 

In I1i>> »*VK » bigh pimpcl lit mMble, conrcA * _ . . . 

ivjlgh, MpHTIII*!' tbr IteaU of tbe Dionks rniu the reill irf the DhunV 
EleguUy chivtA elaili, by WotviD .la Finma, liBB, siMaJ-Gmblc in tlf]«. 

The xysoent mnnSiBtfry I'onlnins thp dfrftfnes (PI. 2), oue ot 
the moet niBgiiilluRiit inlkotioiis of Ihu kind in the world, mmpiil' 
tn|! ibout J4 million doeumpiitu ■ Ihe eirliest uf which dlM* G 
S83. They are deposited in 2S8 dlffereLit BpartmpuU. 

Beymid the (irrHvr.s Is the .'hiirrh nf B. Eocco (PI. 29; D, ^ 
dslinir frnm Mitll :ii,.l IT'?'' in.-l rir ih- -.ii:KPnt SniioU dl" 8. 

E>|>iil«i"n ■'! the money-cB angers from Uu Temjile; above It, Poriinmu, 
Bt. Rnirbiia Slid Et. atirtin. 

In the alley in the left cif the uhuruh U the entrance to 
*8eiiolaili B. Bo«i<i|P1. 98; 0, 3), begun in 1517, and oontdulng 
tbo itnnnnil'-hHllB nf tho brotherhond. It posgeaaei \ niagnlHc^iit b- 
fadf, lUd H handsome old stalrcaBO and hall l^npojl dally, 9-4, ctw- 

in i^erfwlly nnlDiJifllo 
■cnHytnthBleelingi.' «tep»; 
ter'a carllMt worki, mIu- 

leiiAi i!iil[i.- |.i'.M,i ..I hl'<.'.„i>L'rii>rgiiiiiiu> in tbe FiLcI Ihri he doc* bM,. U . 

Sfr-umiin j.ninliTfl, ili'inrl l}ip 'uiilwsra »f(ma of miffertilf', but 'ntheT tlW 
iwnrd rcjiKimlLnn t'J [i»in'. — The brOBIu duOM ir ' --.•-- -"-- 

In the |>Hni:il>l>l hall, are by Siiu. IWbtrH of FlDrenDi . 

The low gateway adjoining the Bonola leads ta the ohuriAof 
8. FantnlaSite [VX. 26; D, 4), elected In 1668-7!). The abaptrl 
to the left of the high allsr contaiflB (t.) a. 'Coronation otOia 
Virgin hy Giovanni and Antonio dn Mumno , painted in 1444; 
alM an •Entombment in high relief, of the saaie dale. 

Crossing the bildge. and traversing the long Campo S. Marg)i^ 
rH<i(Pl, C, 41, we reach — 

8. Hoiia del Carmine (71. 7 ^ G, 4^, known as I Carmmt, vhtoli 
was eousa^ntni in 1348, and restorod in tho 17lh contnry. 

Over tbe 3nd jijtar on Iha rigbt. 'Oinw Aa CDnigKano^ hianttn.dt 
(»0 ShvpheidB and aalnte-, 1th ollat on Ito rt^MV, TinMr.tU.,C\reMJ^m, 

luiij ••[ haaiiins Hnil ft ue 

To the loft of the Bf, obb 
(oinier mnniiBtery ofthr C* n 
byArduinn 1340 ~ n 1 
the nth e t wilhpnl li 

We may Ith ci u 
gondola (^Irl poeci 

croiwiiig tliB bnlgn lo Ihi) ^ k r sa t 

(rallo Lunga) to the ilehl 

The pasBxgo 1 t1 e 'i W <! ner of the P aeza o t Mask 
leadH to the ( ailt f ^f 1 f U ^ 

(PI. 24; E F 4 i 

it we cross the 
I.VNBA. —[The 
Vcste, loads to 
Tcatro Fenee (P J 

FAKTiNOtPl 8 I. I U y 

SunKovino a I a Mad nna 
Oalle l.ullKa rOBses a ae o 

8. If ana Zobenlgo (PI 
Barburo hni y ( b r aru oi I b « 

• as it h&a bee c&ll 1) Tbo chaa of the fafide a tai statues 
of members of the faDi y At tbe base al' the lower row f ■oltio an 
are plana of 7ara la la Pad a Rone (.nrf a I Spa ato how 
III the Bloi e, 01 th bases of the «lunii a arc tuprosentatioiia of 
naval battlen. The interior of thi! ehlireh ooutaiiis DOthliig wiiMhy 
Of note. 

LaavinethfBr.lLurBb, we criias the CiimjioS. Miivrixio, wliutBlho 
Biiialt Bbtirch of thnl ii.imi! i" ^lituntirl , to the larger Camto S, 
i^TEPANU [PI. K, n, i). -Vhr i-rS. VlTAl-B (PI. D, 41, on 

I the left, i»utains a llnill([l1^' ti; ''('in-ii.uriii. representing St. Vllalis 
I and his family w<irshi|i|)[iiv- ilir M.hIikiim. Oil the right rises — 
I "B. Btefino (PI. 3ri; i:, -Vi. .nintliir church of the I4th cant., 

with all elegaut fa<^ile iji brink, good window iiionldlngs iii ter- 
j; rseotti, and a peouilariy ooultnictod vaiiltiTig of wood, restored lit 
n the andent style. Imparting a very pleasing appesranoe to the 
a interior. 


Conlarlni, middle M 
Jaco|rif flurlano (d. V. 

jirlity nnaJl marble aiaim'i nt Julin thv U 

tmbanlnr un tbe right iUadL>nDa uuJ xoinl 

I tooDhed). — CHOia. On (be lateral wnlln 

■ ' '-M, aodrBlieft otthc tooiEva 


Adjainliig ibii uhunjli i>ii the left Is a hHitdeouie 'Monititerg 
Court, rastored In 1532, »ini oTice adorned witli freacjiei by ftrd*- 
none, of whicli there are reniitinB un the S. &iid E. wall met the 
onloniude | four spiiiita on the E. wbU. partimiUrly those to the left, 
very goodj ; below iba niiidown 'putti', the biibjeuts on the S. side 
being from the Old Teslament. ^- CrosBiiic t)ii: itourt, we Tenth the 
Cnmpo S. Angtlo (PI. K, 4|, -iH, n ,,.,.,niF)viit "f Pakonapa, the 

minister, end to tlio left tlv' / ■' ' ■-■ '■ '.'ll V Farther W 

the£., near the Taitro /f'l-" . i "' I i. i^ h l^r^e now 
liU^iXft idonied with a Monwi'' ' ' I ' " i '.'A) iti liroiiii-. 

To the left in the Caiiii:ii > -■. ;■ li !'id. MoTUtint. In 

the vldnlty ia the Pal. Pwini, ^ww a girls' uchool, in the small and 
dreary Piszr.a of that name, with liitereEting old Bhipa' lanterns ind 
richly adonied msBt-kiioba in the lobby. 

To the S. of the Campo S. Stetano \i the Campa S. Vilale with 
theehoruh gf thatn»rae, from which the Iron Bridge (f. 210; 2 c") 
croaaea to the Caiapo iltlla iJaritD, where the Aciidcm]/ Is 
situated ^p. 231> 

We uow proueod towards the K., cross several bridges, and 

*S.lUria delta Balnte(PI.2!2| E, 51, aspacioussnd haiideoino 
dnme-eovered chureh, at the E. citreuiity of the Cannl Urande, 
ereoled iii 1631-82 by Longhena, a snocesaor of Palladio, In oom- 
roeaioration of the plague in 1630. 

CBjTKLa OS THE RjOBi: 1, PrESeoUUon in the Tumpla, % At- 
sumpliiin, 3. VsUvHy of Uie Vli^lD , aU by Laat Oiardanni in the taat 
CB1.FBL i>H THi LIFT: DeiCBnt Of the Holy Ohoal, by IVIIiw, maoh dwk* 
eoed by age |1B1K]< Tba moaollthlc culuuDi by whiob tlie VBulUnr of tlw 
choir it aappuTled arc from a Bumaii (amplo at Poln in litrla. Ob I]m 

inrlnilU of tlic evangelisU and fa liera of the chursh tj 
;e piclarna by Saltlali — OotsB Sick st\ PieU i, laliaf 
.. by U-iUHUllj TUum SlMaitind u r lalnU (BlSi 
. ^__ __. — -nBl— ff oB n 'i lebMUan. 

ft. Mad nnn bj i» - Hp ri i 

by Ci-iila/iiro da Parma. Usfi Lei) ng pa a DtH an n s HplnIO): 

•Clin and Ali*I, Abraham anil liaac Da id .irt' ' - - ■ - ■ - — -- 

: a nve montl n d dcBoflat of 

' Tenellan art In the nlUla 

riginslity n Ihoufht WA 

iljolnliig this church are the Semlnnrii Fatri'ireiU (p. 339) 
BJid the Dogana di Mure (p. '239 V wMcU Ua oVA^ueli appoaite^e 
^adis of St. Mtrk ftrBslietto, or terty, aeeWwiy 

n dflV Orto. VENTOV;, 36, RmiU. 

TUc more remote qnarlera of tliu r.ity are i: 
ilsHcil by gundola. Leaving thu Csntl (irftnde opposite the Pal. 
Pi'saro Ip. '243'), WH oiilEr tlie Hio S. Ftllce; here, on tlie Ititt, is 
(lie •?»!. OiovMBlll (PI. G7; E,2; admiflaioii innst eaeily obtained 
about noon In ttie absence of the proprietur), of the 15th cent.. 
with BumpEiioualy fiimisheil apartmentB , a handsnine ball-raoiii 
(nlth fimily portraits by llUnn and Tintoretto), and a room with 
iDOdem pictures; In the boudoir, *<iion. Bellini, Madonna; 'Giur- 
fionr., Landscape ('LgFomiglUdiQlprglane'); 'Titian, St. Jeiome; 
'Paril Bonfone, Madonna and »alntB. 

From the Bio S. Feline a alde-r^nal, the Kla della Mlaericordia, 
leads oil the left to the .ihurch ol 3. MAnaiALB (properly 8. Mar- 
ciliwio), which conlains a "TobiaB and the Aogel by Tillon (atwTa 
the Int altar Co the left), a (imRillMon by Pulma Vcfchlo (3rd' 
altar), and TiniOTetta'e last work, a St. Marcllius (middle altar to 
the rlfht). — We now return to the Rio S, Feliee, follow it to the 
N. for a short way, and then turu to the riglit into & alde-nanal, 
the M. bank of which la tornied by the Fondsmeiita Zen. The high 
altar-piece of the uhurch of S. Oatbhina here (PI. 7,2; It ahnt, 
a through the Lyceum, Convitto Nazionale) la a 'Marriage 
of St, Catharine by I'aolo Veronete, — Returning once mote to 
the Rio a. Felice, we pasa the Abb'tdltun dtUn Mutricordia. and 
reach the nhiirch of — 

*8. Xuia dell' Orto (PI. 21 ; E, 1), originally dedicated to 
a. Cristcforo Martirc, with a hcaiitiful late Oothlc *Fafade oteoted 
by l^etTO Lombardo aoon after liSI, and reuuiitly restored, and a 
enrioiia tower. The church oantaiiis many good pictures. 

Bir.iit, lut altari " Cima Ha Omc^JiflNO, SI. Juln Ibo BapUal wllh HS, 
Pcler, Hark, leiomc, and Paul. B; tbo Srd allu: Banionno, Hadnnna. 

_hapcl on' the left of Uie oboir}. Abavc Hit eatnncs of 

', Virgin and CUId, bairS^n fonnd In a garden (nbsnee the 
-. ., .-in chorch), and restored by OlBramii dt SimkcUi; on Itie rtgbl 
<I lefl, two ingeli by Paiilii Virmmc. — In the SirsisTi: 3S portratCB 
VeiKtlan Salnli. — Gdafkl uh the Bioht ot the cboir: 'airolaiHO dn 
Oaa, BB. ADgnillne and jBTome; memorial tablet lo Tlntoretlo (d, 
9\t, who 1> buried hem. —■ In the Choir, (r.) Ibe Last Judgment, (I.) 
lunliun of llie eolden calf, large wurki b; TiKtorella. Over the high 
tST aa AnnunciaUon, by Palma aiaaane, with sorrouDdlng pielnnu by 
_.„.... n ... ,j„^ j_g„ gf ij^j, gijoi,^ aliar^iitcKB, a coai froio 

alcd Cunll; ut tbal nunc; among them tboae ui 
Ibc Cardinal and Ihe PFoenralar, tbs two In tbe middle on tlie left, by 
AltMiaitilrv Viaaria: 'Altar.pieee by TtmonUo, Hlraelea of St. AgoeS) 2nd 
etaapel on Ous lefl: (r.) TialimllB. PrcHnlaUnn in the Temple; II,) Falma 
niDcnni, Cmeieiian. lib Cliapel, Id the left by the onlrance: aitar-pieee 
by ealisl, Hadonna (reitured)i (1,1 £°r. J^'l", tamentation nrer the Indy 
or CbHrt. 

We now retotn along the FonilojnmUi JVunri! (PI. F,G,a ^ "rtew 
of Muraiio, the cauiBtery Island, andtmwWo) W tiae ^im€& »A«wfc— ^ 

e»tDiti I Ft. H; V,T), ereotei in im-^ Vc -C&t "aww^** 

ucrjaly" \ 

ttyle, nntirety lined la thu tiiturinr witb mirbla 

Kiltiwi, (kij'l iiimptaiiiBly dtM-Jiratui) like >ll the nhumhe« AftMS' 

Attbi I4IUU-ALTAS An ton 9i>i»1 cnlmniu nf t,'rd« •ntlfn, in Uio 
Main a slubu, wilh Bud tbu Fnibur And Ibe Suq. TIik iimrbli: DUUkic 
Mvaueni In Frcinl n( the altaF rcscinbleB a KKrpat. The ch»piil lu the 
ntfal or ae blth alUr •mnlainii the m.mameDt nail *Utii« of Oruio Ftr- 
■WM (d. le&lli In the i;hk|iiil im (be left l> the •■laaiunenl uf ttaa IMu 
?«quale Clei>ei» (d. iaSS)i then, ia the Ltir TtLAmarr, the AiHuuplicut; 
M KlUr-lilecii hy nalsnllD, In ibe UL cbspfll on Ibe left nf the pi4aeljwi 
■loar lii tbn "MictFnlau of St. Lnwnnce, one uf lbs lliul u[ the iDtM~ 

Ibu FlpironiiuM limn wJtta tie (i^nled lliis iiiecB. in nbfch he i.ppUc4 llw 

Wu next untur the Rio <1h1 Meiidfcanti (^Pl. F, ?, il), skirt tiin 
Urge Sptdale Civilt (Pi. 41), stiil reach — 

•6. BiovBiuu e Paolo ('«. Zimijinlo' ; PI. 15, F, O, 3), l»fr- 
gun Tinikr Nimolb Piinno'i Innuence in 1240 , ami cnmpleteil ID 
1430, & very spacious atid msetitUratit Ita\ihii Qothiu edftliie, 
auppdnuil by ten circular columns, anil cofurud with n dome. TttiB 
chiinih , neit lo St. Mart's the moat impnaing at Venice, iMntalns 
the burial-vaults nC the do^es , whose [uiieral-seTvioe was always 
perronuHd here , and msy to some extent be oalled the Wegl- 
initlater Abbey of Venice. 

Uinsi AinLR. In front : ' Hw.ioleuiD of the viclorioua Doge Hetni Ks- 
cenlgo Id. UT8|, with Qfleen atsluea b; (he LnmlMnli! Ihe Bii.n:U)>llae>a U 
'er hotllum numitbiii' [(ena Ihe spoili of his enemies}. Between ths 1>1 
and 2pd allBF, na obelisk to the memury of the painter Helch. LUU 
Id. 1071); nionimienl uC Uarc Antunlu Bni|Bdiiiu [d. Iffll), who loaf de- 
iVinded Kuuagoala In C>pniB agninat the Tnthi, and aflvr its annieiuler 
wiui barhaniualy flavud alivu, a.i Ihe picture above Indicates; =Altaf-piKa 
la iU wcUona by hiHirJ, or Catyucrto ,• monument of the Seiutor AO. 
muhlut Id. 15BSJ, In tbe ebupel l iltar-piBue, Descent Aooi llia CnM, 
hi ntbv LU'ri. Over tbe dnurs of the sa^rialy Ihe 'IlBuioleuiii Of Jer 
tiiuui, Silvullro, and ElieabcIU. Valier wilb Ihuli atatnei, a rich ucht 
iMlUMl 'l..roque' munumenl in marble of the 18lh cent., BmbelllaMl 

|I.| St. Syacinth crussing n r!°er dTy-tbod, by L. BaHoiu). Tha seeoad 

•iId'wcw"|e^n^B'fruBi thelife'df at. Domia'ieii.' im ""' 

rini di^WiiiSto'tllTS) 1 luuiWf^feenural^Niceoli'ort'iiS'Id. iSo^ wift 

altar-pieee by Lorauo Latio; stained' Blaas dealgned bj FiioHnJ (^. 
Kslured In IgUJi nltar-piccu, Uhrlsl, SS. Andrew and Peter, by ASMS 
Ua-fcoiii. — IbB cbuuels on the right and left of the chuir, reeeBtly K- 
Btored, contain nolblne noteworthy except a monument of 1»7. 

Cuoiu. Tomlis of ths Uoees, (r.) ■Hicbele Uornaiul (d. 1SS2], in the 
flothic style, and ■Leonardo Loredajio (d. 1331), |1.) *ADdrca Vendiunla 
(.d. UTSi by AlaioHdro Uopariia , pCrhipa tbe anut mimumenl fa 
Venice), and "MarM Ck>™er (d. 1368), Qcithic. 

Lsn TnaEBKn., by the enirtnee lo Ihe Chapel of tbe ttaury, 
a •Oroup in marble by Jnjon.o flmlOBe, of the 15lh cent., St Hthu 

aoer Iho inunmnenl of the Duje Anionio Veiiier (d. 14001. — "Tlie BiUacaPl 
fea tbe lefll CappeBa dil Baiarto , (»nniG& in \B11 te oitumemiiTalB OK 
HftffHy- ofLcptBlu, wai ijeatiiiyed by &ie iu Aa«.,\SI^,^'U\t\nAKVda«a)t. 

Bo,,:,, 255 I 


ing at. Poi™-M 

di-pogilsd in Itic clupo] during the uie 

llliOO flt'«p»l" 

of lh< vile and dmslilor of iha boee 

AntOBiD Tinier 

wilta uqneBtriwi aUtne, at LennnTiID 

» Pruto W. 1611 

Leu Aiblr- Or. (he rieht and lofi 

of Ibe dodr of 

llila TUHHi oBtrini! Iiy flruil„/Me. II,- 

tw-iPUmu, by J=c. ^i'.u, ..(/,. 17H, ,vi 

qoale».lliSe«Xd.lWJi: r- i...l.- . 

It aMUeaurBt. Thoni^i.H i.> i-.' /. 

ftMtO daJfllMOl in It,., r.i.l,,-, IV 1 1 

uhelx SMnij (d. litS), i'<tii.. iI'. : :'i»<.',|. 

DOnumeBl Willi equusindiL ^.ii.i ( 

mBBt »f the DoEC Tiimiouo Hm-^iu,. 

prindpiil cnllmco , eirlj lopy ^f T 

lGlT)iu™r«wlMl»lt»raJ!l»tuii QtSt. 

bluiflvlf ill thu Tyrn].^? war In IB09. 

ui'^l'^r (d.'lBKI 

Hiuioleuni oi I 

mnigo Id, 14Baj liy TalM Unibunlii. 

OVBI tho PBlll«tl 


. ^ _L EKTSiBOtt the 

Buubo (d. IQIB). Tliia wliole sido, which ia v«iy huidiODiely ORBfigcd, 
beliinga bi the Uocenigo family, and wai conBtmolsd by lUI'n £i>in- 

AJjoining S. Giovanni e Paolo la tlm rich Facade (of 1485) 
(if tlle*BoiioladiB.Manlo|^Pl. 41; F, 3), eteoted bj (haZ,oinbar<il, 
with Bitigulac reiiefa in porispective , two lions, sud the actilovo- 
muiits of HI. Mark. In thu interior the lower hall only is praaerveil. 
The building has been used is a hotipitii ISprdale Civile) aliii'e 
IBlfi tSOtoums, tor600pBtiuntB> The l»cgB Biokroom lias ainiigiii- 
flceul calling. Connected wllli it is Ihe old I'hapel of S. Maria dclla 
Vtaa, wbici onte contained Marino Filierl'a tomb (p. 228).. — To 
tliG B,, on ■ lofty and elngant pudtMtal of marbla, riBes thu etinestri»Ti 
•Sluliw of Bart. ColUoni fd. 147Q, butiud «t Uergamo, p. 160), 
general of the republic, modelled by Andr. Verraeeliio l^hislDBt woik), 
oast in bronze by Attas. LeopOTdo, The handaoine bwe La alao by 
Leopardo (1495). 

Wo now prooeod through the Rio di jWurmn 10 thu chunili of — 
'8.IUria4eilIiTMDli|MaitonnEid.AI.:PI.20,F3), > small, 
early RenaisBince structure, erected in 1480, under the inlluence 
of FIttro Lombordo, and entiruly cohered on the faijsde, on the Bide 
neit the canal, and in the Inlerlor, with valuable marble. The 
quadrangolar cbolr with a donie, twelTe steps higher than the nave. 
Is peculiar (below tl Is tba aioriaty). On thu right and left are 
niubOB. or leeterna where the epistles ami gospels are read, as In 
the ancient Chrialiar cliurches. The "Docorations are by Pitlro 
Lombardn, The oottered barrpl-vanUUig U Mimp,\ia*i%Vi ■^ificAeft.vjA. 
•flMuJ. Tbeehnreb has been undergoing teKoiitto&Vnwsowi'S'*'^" 

256 UMilt 36. VENICE. 

We HOW return througli the Rio dl S. Qiavsniit L&tenlld 
LoreHio. sml Foiitiigo, to — 

8. TranMHW della Vigna, I^Pl. 9 ; G, 3], (he interioc or whlnh 
•Hli rmMiaetaA in 1534 by Saruooino, tha fsftde hyAndr. Palladio 
in imS-Ti. 

At Ih« cntnnco t, bois w»ler nnei wftb St. JuUn the BnpUit tni 
81. Ftueia, lUitaeKeii inbruiwfl bj Vittoria. UtCbupelun lheriKbL,I«l 
e<i|>p«T, 1)]' Fr^mc. SarlacTiKt: 3Td oh&iiBl, encruHled wllb coloured miirblB, 
)irutisTtf ii( lbs ContarlDl runll^i lib cbipel, Reaurrecliau , br >^»l> 
VHMBije. Bjuut TiussuM, Enlhruned Madunna, hj Pro JiilootD da ft 
vrsFiunlc. To the left of lbs choir i> Uie •CajifeHa OiiulOiiaiii, tha Atar 
enllrely cuvured wilk rellcfl in niLrbjB, 1 work Df ^hc 15th eent.i LUI 

wl d » to N., > UidODU nnd ftMt 

u ti fi n lbs Puther ind Chiiit, 

m m t and cbapal, AlUc wilb 

M it A Sebulinn liy Al. mUrtB; 

Srd lb te m tn mug boita of the PatriUck 

db Sere rett 13 the uJiir tbe aUtui a( B. 

b raid r) , 1 Hujunnn and CniT 

■i h TDFU 

A tohKnhRJ Piiiethe nhuriih of S. 

L R N b rjgh n ai ng g d elalxes of 88. Li»- 

■ d S bas b mp gna t tlie high 9.ltsr). On 

the left U tlie ohi rho B, & orgia dagbSdiiaToiii ()'l. 13; Q,3), 
-with a goort Renaissance fa{»de of lorjl, a low wooifBn netlfng, vai 
ptetiirefl by Carpaccin, on the right, three si-nnps frnm the Uft of 
!^t. Jeroniu, on the left, three from the life ot St. Oenrge; lltar- 
piece, St. Tiyphou and St. Matthew ; above the higli altar, » Ma- 
donna hy VIru. Cntma; the neillng of the orntory beaatifaU; 
painted hy Palma OmAio. — Further S. we next c-onie to the 
fihuriih of S, Ajitonhio, where we irona the bridge to ihe right W — 
S. Biotg^o del CTTMi [PI. 13a; 0,4). with an elegant lampa- 
ntle of the 16th cent., and an tkoiioataala adorned with goTgWOs 
Byzantine moBalna. The head Df Christ in the Jooiti la said tA ha*e 
been designed by Titian, — Returning to S. Antontno, and again 
pursuing a S. dltei^tion, we bood reaoh — 

8. GioTUiitiiBBnig(iia(Pl. 13d; 0,4), achnrehofurly origin, 
ttnt entirely restored at the beginning of the ISth cent. 

1>T Cb*pki an tbe riKbt! AIniM Virariiii (aoeuriling b^Hr. Cmwei oaa- 

ly attrilmted tu Oiuv, benlal), Uadonna and Cbildt farther un, aa the 

w»U or (lie chnrcb, Biualo (or Aot. Vivaoni). St. Andrew with 88. Jratnoe 

id HartiB. tbulaller on Liinuliauk-, 'Fnrlii Btiiiimi, Lail SnupBr. ~ Qn 

e pSIlai before the ohapel ot the choir: 'Olmi <la Ca>l>pU^lIl^ CowtaMMO 

III Bl. HelflOB hy Iba lide of tbu GroM, lOU. At Ibe back ot tha U«fa- 

tarj 'Otma da CmetfUouii, BapUsm of Chrisl. 1194. On the pIUu Iq Ou 

R, /'. FTntrM, Kesurrecllon ; on Ibc wall to Iho ten, Bart. VUarid, 

idcmu nith St. Andnw and Jobo tbe Uaptiit; nnder it, Omn do Our- 

int. Ending nf tbu Crow, orieinall; a pTedelU of tbe above nimed pUtan. 

We mny now proceed towards the E. , past iS. .iforlino (^ettnted 

L At Sansoviiio la 1040; font with tooi V.iiee\\i\!i s.n©i\* ^rj "MMo 

S. Giorgt" Magg. VENICE. .'W. Koufr, 257 

.ornhnnio. 1484; Uat Supper hv tiirolarao ,Iii Sun I. if row, liiW") 
the eiitMnro to tbe areeiwl (PI. 3, lU; seep.2-Sl>; or to Iha 
I. to the Itiv* deg1i Sohi«»niii fp. "2301. 

Opposite the PlaxKettn, on aii laUiid foitifleil In i?4%. U Bitu- 

•S. Giorgio Haggiore fPI. 12 ; O, -Ubnloneliig to the ailjaceiit 

suppressed Boneilir.tlne monstery, now ta artillery liBrratlt, ■ 

uniform ehurnh with a <lame, nml apse!! tormlnatiiig tlis trsiiiaapts, 

hpgiin by PnUndio in 1560. The fstailc waa fltliahed by Sonmoni 

■n 1578. 

r a enonUru or CardlnsliT helA bsre 

rsr Ibe tat Mt*r, Haliyily, b;r Bamnm 2nd, OrnciQx in wood, by 

w I 4Ui allar, Coiunatioa of the Virsin, (ha two iMt hr riato- 
B nJtJLF. AiliinUoD of Ibe Hadannft, by Ji'iii. — Cuoii: (r.) Liil 
UHnin of Hanna, both by nnloreHo: on tbe Ugh altar n'Rmup 
a by Oinlmiia Campai/Hii, reprpni^nline the SaTlour on a cUlBl 

n hmnie by jnc, ItoeealatUala (l^)i Ibe reliefs on the IS ■OhofT'- 

:•! til.' . '!■■ rhnrch, llio KpiratwoBon, by TinbiTitlB, 

1 iiiM F";iri. I. ■! i|. !■ ■ iliii-ininl, wbnao numoleam la by Un w»l! 
lie lefi (l.p"i-, II. .11. .-I. oi,|,l,.:n. alt.0 by KriiDrWdi ; Virgin and CbiW, 
..up ..vor lii-,...i,.:. I.j .7,r"(oFM CumpagKa; last aJtar, Martyrdom of 
im.?(d. 1B(B). ' n > e iige 

A stairiaae In 32 spltal windings, well lighted and of easy 
mt , luads (mm the interior of the church to the summit oF the 
Campnnilt (before aaoendini;, enquire IF the door at tbe top is open"), 

hirh comuisiide an adralrablB "Vibw o( tho olty and the Lsgune. 
On the Biljoininc laland of Oiudeeeii is situated the church of — 
*Badentare ("Pi. 28; £,6% eroctad In 1576 by FnUadio, ■ apa- 

oug phiueh with » portal botne by colamng, a mnoh vaunted cdi- 

?e, nhiefly interesting In the Interior. 
Oh ■tnsJUant: lat Cha]H], HsUvily, by /"nineurs Siuidno,'3nd,BaptiKin, 

trittio CaUari! Srd, aRonrginD, nnloriMld. On tub Lin" 3n1 Chapel, l>e- 

ent from (he CrOM , Falma OiB«. .- "itii , Resarrwllon . F. Baiuma ; iat, 

CroM. Iwhind it a Descent tmm kb« Crou, rellefii in marble by Maaa 
ds BaUgxa; Ibo bronie flgnres by nunjwgBn. — The Ssohbti contain! 

with Ihc tieeidnfi Cblld, the most richly colonred, hut nomewhat stllT. la 
■drlbiileil hy Hr. Crowe li> AlBitr Vlrarial. tbe Iwu iilhers lo Biiiola and 
JMi^nUfD, scholars at Bellini. 

The church holonged formerly W the \iel^\«t(rfa\^ ^™».'*»'<*»^ 
mamttery. wbiob contains a tew painiViii^t >>'] IiM-. I.^Ua. 
I JUtDtai*. iMj I. etk Bdit. VI 

258 Rf/uti SI!. VENICE. S. I 

Wu iio» ucosa the C.male delli Giudeecn and aklit tha I 
tnenta dtUe Zattere (PI. V, D, !t\ parsing the Pal. (TJiMtiMU 
Rccanali (No. U02; with a numhor of sntlqiie works in muUe 
and » flue Attiii fiiTU'real mimolith), w — 

*8. BibaitianD (PI. 33 ; C. i\ I'onUiiiing a !iunih«r of works by 
Paulo Veroncie, and his louib. It was ereutcd in 1506-13, and 
Utely very skilfully ceitored. Aduilaiiiou to the opper choir, wlieiiea 
soDie of the piuturBB see seen to greBteCBdrantaKa, 1 -4 o'elook only. 

Oh Tm Rtght: tal all>r, St. Nicbolai. painlcd hy niiun In Vu Mlb 
ytari 2Bd, HaauniiK with a ealnl, a amall pfctiim b; raola Onmaw,- 
Sra, "Madonna willi 81, John, a gtoup In marbls hy Truman I/imiarat, 
IMT; tl]i, Chrinl gn lh« Croiis, an<I till' Muiea, by fmilo: "Hnaument of 
Biflhop Livio Podocataro |.a. fna&J, hy Simunioo. — Caoia. Altap-irtMii, 
Madnana in elory and runr aainla, un tbe "all In (he riglit llaclyTdoiia 
of Bt.BvbulJan, Id the Icrt •HaTt}r<l<>iii i^f SB. Mark and Marcellinat, all 
IhRD by Plvbi rmMBM. — Otam, on lUe eitramB winp. Ihe PurifloaUoo of 
Hary , on tie Inner, the Fonl uf Betlieiida, boUi by p. Vavnea; to KM 
left Ibe bual. In rmnt of it tba lomb of Ihe maatcr Id. IfiBS) , bearlac Uw 
Inmiption: 'Pauit OaVart Virenaui fieteri , natunt aaimla , artli mirtr 
cula, tapmlOt falU, fama vietvn/ — 8*caHTI. CellinE-palntiBg* br tm- 
nnuH, OonwatioD of tbit VirglD. os tba Mti tbii ftinr Erangellatg. FartlMr 
on in thi chntch, the ne>t ohapel on Ihs Itft, •Burt of the Proetntm 
HaKantnnlo Qrlmanl |d. lAe&l, by ffKorio,' Snd altar, Baylium or Obrtol. 
by Hulo VmmrM! bsautlful cening-painlinei raprencntine the bialory nf 

Iii'the vieinity is the Ctanpo di Matte, or eflplanado (^H. B, 4), 
a Urge graasy Island surioundsd nith trees. 

At the 8.E. extremity of Venice IPvnla delta Mnllai a.n the 
Oiudlni Fubhlici (Fl. I, 51, laid out by Napoloon in 1807. the 
apscH having been obtained by the donioUtion of Boveral monn^ 
terles. Thay ara about 3(XI yds. in length and IW yds. in widlk, 
and are planted with six rows of acaoias and aycamorea. Atths 
R: end la a small ehiiibbery. with a cafd. The groutlds, nhtoh an 
generally almost deserted, afFoid Hue riaws of the city and Lagune. 
Oil RiiTidays and Mondays they are mueh frequented , ohiafly by 
women of the lower idaBses (gondola thither from the nmetti 
50c.l. They are approached by the Via Nuova dtl GionUni, or 
tfnrlbiitdi (formerly Eugeni'i), imtstructed in IPIO by EDgAiie 
BBBuharnala, Tioetoy of Italy, by bridging Over » canal. 

S. Fietio di CuUIlo fPl. 27; 1, 41. a nhurah with a dome, on tlie 
island In the N. of the Oiardini Pubhlioi , begun by Smtraldi tn 
159(1, is said to have been designed by Patladio in 1557. Jhvn 
to lrt07 it was the oalliBdral of the Patriarch of Tenice, when 8t. 
Mark's was raised to that dignity hy Napoleon 1. , and the adjotning 
palaoe converted into a bsrrsck. Hsndsome Tsmpanila fM?!]. 

Tba iHTsaioK containi! few ubjeotji of intcrcal. In the chapel of the 
left (raniHpt are two bigh-ielieKi Id miirbk, eigculed by Ifieli. Onoan 
In the 17tb oenl,, rtrresentln* the eonSfCraUon by Pope Paul V. of the 
PHrlarch Vpndraroln as cirdlnal, and an alleBOr; of dealb. To Iherichl, 



il9 ielaiids, iiiau a visit ta the Lide, 
therftsto good lea-ljsths mii a rentsuracil fseo p. 21?)"), A amsll 
atoamer pBrfcrms thu trip ill Vi miii., starting hourly from the 
Poiito dplU Piglis. A goiidoU takna 1/3 hr. (^™inp. p. 214). The 
citMiTsion may be pleaaxutly prolonged by a. dotour by the island 
of S. Elena, with ita old moiiaaCery and Hiis garden. The N. eud 
of tho Lido is defended by tha Fort.! S. meeoiti and (to the W,, 
beyond a amall arm of the Bes) the Farts Andrea di Lido, erooted 
by Sammiuhell as architect of tlie cepublic, 

IntcrotlDg excDratnn to HuriDu, nn bh inland ntniut l'/, H. N. u[ Ve- 

Hilf-wny W8 inu». on tbo' right, the Ckmktkui IsiiSu <Ot„M<^ji willi 
ttB chuKh of S., buUl hy I-.mbiKi,. in liee, Willi Biiulp- 

BBc^maMO la 163o'. — Kunno, with ^ inhab., nriginalir ap inaepon- 
<iest town, liut tTterwarda depeoAiiDt nn Venice, poaaeiies inlerelMne 
trsuaru of art In its churoliQS, dating froin ita inoil proajierODS period. 
The "Caibkdiu:. a. Dunam, » vnulted ebunli lupporteil l>y luilimnn, 

lnnll>-itonc of the lamUy AeUia, FDrmFrly oted as a font; fartlier to Ui( 
left, eiilimred moaalc In odod ofBt. Doaatua (1311)). In tka Man, aByiBB 
linomonuc of lbs Anumption, on acidderouDdi below it, afresoo oflht 
intli century. ~ S. Pieibd HASTiae la a ainiple iinil npaeioas baaUica di 
IfiOS. Near the door of the sacrioly, lo the left, are an Aesampllon by Itara 
Bataili, and a Madonna with aiinle and angela, by Oitv. ffillini (tietwean 
(he 3Bd and 3[d altars on the rigbt). — The chuFoh of S. tUBU dedu 

glaM, crystal, eXe. The Mtun (aim. tO 0.) conlalnt a good eolleclian el 

Xonallo, silnated on an IsinDri abont B H. lo tha K.E. of Veniu 
(omn1bus-h»at to BalioTlK), nee p. 2H), the anuienl AUinum, helaDitne 
tn the town ol iTamns on a nclEhbouring inland iTAOO inhab.) la a pooi 

KbiiKhes. The ■C^TURDUi., 8. Haua, erected in >ho 71b cenl., le-baill 
in lOOe ia a basilica in the early Chrialian ntyie, nupplirted by lolumni 
rewinihllnj thiiae of Murano. The jiirinci]ial olyBcl nr inleresl la th< 
andenl arrangement of lbs SBmleircolar seatu of the prieila nn Ibe Iribuna 
risinB In atepi and commanded by the lufly ejiisraipal tlminc in tlic CL^ntro. 

nenlini Ihe SaeriSee of Ohrbt, the Resom;i'li<<" I >- <■. .'.■■„-, ,1 ,.||.. 

recently leltored. In the ohoir a Madonna uri<l i;. ' ' \.,,.nn 

line monlc. Below It la an ueleut crypt x>ll < :'-<.» 

BiPTtsTEBr of 1008 adjnina tbo calhodral. >:< Jii 

curner-pillars), a Blrueiure worthy of the notice of arcbilocls. 

8. Idiiars. the Armenian HechlUrial munaatery on the liland of the 
library, anA a large printine-ofaoe. 

Ihe ftilluwine ycur (eump. p. 217}. Tl 
niilrrilJIf in linvnaee nM enziloina t 
lunDn-dlHtriuls, ilnne nf the elinnhu 
(p. 220) .ru mosl convonlonOj' in-puclp 

37. From Veaice to Trieste, 
a. Sy Land, vik Vdiae. 

133 )[. R>iL«i.r. Onlinarv Iriiin in 10 hr.. (faro i 

Ilfr. .-iiirni-B in T/. hr«. (f«r-^s 30fr. 65. Mfr. W-. - „ 

nmiianl Ani-. Ihe Anslrian part of ttw Jminioy ii psyttWo in gfHI). 
Ainlrinn ciiitiTm - houM esamlMtlnn it (lorliii. A jupplf of ehBBBa \a 
dcsirahlP, us dMcn of dfsloRMty *re not nnfrequrat st Ihe Venice irtKttm 
Itrldee Ai;rD9s the Laptinc, and Fori Htnlghera, sue p. 203. At 
l^eitrt tlio line diverges N. from thM to F&dua. StatloiiB MofUano, 
Preffiminlo ; then — 

18 M. Treviio CSieiln iTOro ; Albtrgo Reale), with 2S,500 tn- 
hab. , the cipitHl of a proiliiue. The handsome, bat unUnished oH 
cathedtal of .^. Pirtro Ronlaiili some good pictures. Above Hie 
3td altar on tbe left, a St- Knphemia by Ft. Bitunlo. OppMila, 
in the large rhapcl, au AdoTstion of the Shepherila, the chief trork 
of Farii Bnrdont, who was bom here in 1500. In the oholr, tQ 
the loft, i» the tomb ofBiahop Zanetti, by TvUio Lombardo. The 
8iile-i4apel to tho right iiODtaina an •Ajinnjioiatioii by TOian, 4 
Madonna and St. Sebastian by Oirnliimo dit Tnviso (1487), »Ad 
mural palntinga by Ant. dti Pordaume. — The Gothic chniall W 
8. Niccol6 ooutaina the "Totnb nf Senator Vonigo (in the chftlr, to 
the leftl, with a hackground painted by Belilni, and the Hadonii* 
enthronad with aaints as an sltar-plfip* by Savoldo. la s laterd 
Bhapel to the right are a St. Thomas by Sebaelian del Piombo ff), 
DLicloaed in an architectural border by TuUh Lombiirdo, and 
some BQciant mural psintinga. — The Town Hati and Theatrt are 
lino odlnoee. The AfunC^ ifr Pietll (pawn-offlcel fJintiins a good 
EntoRibmBnt by Pordenone (according to Mr. Crove, and not 1^ 
Giorgione^. In thn Plai7a delV Ittdipendenra a monument In momDrf 
of tho liberation of Italy from tho Austrian yoke, byBorrt, wta 
erected la 1875. AtTreviso, as well as in other Venetian tnwnsou tbe 
mainland (snob aa Conegliano, Serravalle, Baseano, and Pcrdenone), 
tho pictorial decoration of the fafades, In variiius styles, diiferlng 
both in paint of subject (tigures, detioratioil , or mottoes') and of 
execution (in sgrafflto, grisaille, or coloured) are interesting, to 
these varied arttatic, elTorta the impulse was doobtleaa glTHti by 
Sijilardone'a school at Padua. The ViUn Monfrini poasPMas oi- 
teiisive gardens. — Excursion to ffiiair, see p. 211. 

. Bailwaj fK.m Tre.lso lo C.iftl/i-aiico, OUIadilli, Vicei'ia, Pai^a, MjA 

k Saaaao. see pp. 210. 211. 

I 22 M. Laneenigo. Be^oniV {11 W.> Spttivnm *6 triln cOUfi 

) tbe Piave and approaehes t^»e nurantiAns , ■wWX. U Aea<» wbb^, 

1 Tnesli. UDINK. J7. iioule. 

as Sar.ik. The lofty Fcitul Mta. cniitiiiiiti in sight is I'ai 
fslraiia nil the Caiw. — 30 M. ftu«e. 

35 M. CaneBliaiio (Alb. t I'Tatl. ulC Europu;, bicthiilacc of tliu 
celebTBted painter Cima (i. 1517), Eunmmed dn Conegliimo, Ih 

Tht! Calhtdrat contaliia an alliT-picce b; Ciiaa |,1493J. With leganl 
tu the pHiHting of the rafailes, see above. 

FKUM CoBliQLIANO TU BKLLLSO II road loadB to lllB K., Tii CfUfriO, 

Btrratalle [wllh hBnduimu jjalauesj, S. Cruet, ud Capu di Paiiir CSIelU 
d'tJrO! diliKencG onci; dail, in 6 hra.i carr. 3lf36rc.), 

BeUano Ci3<iB fl'i 'Hf Turri), uapilal of a prcivinee, Willi i4,tlll )i>- 
Lab., ullual^ oa a bi]l l»-lwcan Ike Ar<lii and Lbe Piatt, wL;>^ll Ui'ns uiiKi^. 
pnienU all Ihe reatiiwi of a Vunelian uiwn. The CaUiiaral. ct,scU;i] br 

Tbs MumphiJ arcb uul«idv lbs galf wu erected in IBib. 

UiEBiie' vli luraaraui (PiiHtaJ and FcFarale (UuniDa), lies Abhf J4 caiJorc 
[Mlb. did ProKivMu). lbe birtfaiilaim ofriiiin (b. 147VJ. Tbe ebimb ctm- 
laluK an alUr-[ileue liy Uie great iniutMr. 

40 M. Piansano. 46'/^ M. SaciU, a town on the Liuentii, aut- 
romiilHil by walU and foBBes , with a batidBOinH palace of tbe Po- 
deeti, exhibits tcanea of its aiiclciiitlmportaiii^. SSl/gM. Pordenlmt, 
probably tile I'nrlun A'li'^nin iif Che Romans, was the birthplBRe of 

the paiiiciT \i,i l...iii,.4aPorilBMOiie(^il. i54l)). The ca- 

Ical 1 1 .. ■ ' ■■I'Ilit by hlui. 

Bt-yi'ii'i , I. . V ' till' train crosses the broad channel of 

T.itilfin,,,!.. i.\ .11 I, ridge, i/a M. in length. The atony 

usits ot till' ijtrrjiii liiivt' laittud Ita bed M) considerably tliat the 
tatat. (:<,Jr.,.i«,iluijieratorH), eLtnatud between Ihu Tagliamento 
the C'omo, lies 28 ft. be'l.iw the levul of the bottom of Uie 
former rivar. 

To the right lies PaattTomo, at the nhateau of wbiuh the prc- 
Umliiarieii of peaoe btttweeii Frsilflti alul Austria at the end of laat 
century were adjnated, the treaty being BiiBlly Roncladeil oil ITth 
Oct. 1797 . at the small -village of Camfo Fomiio , which alan lies 
to the right of the line. Ky this treaty the Kcpiibltc of Venice 
dissolved. 77'/^ M. Piuiano SehiavtmeKo. 
S4I/, M. Ddine f*/(oHri; t'roce (HJtfottaj 'Sail. Ratmirant), 
i the capital of the Austrian province of Frianl, and a plar.e 
of great imporUnce, is an aiintent town with 2H,M0 inhab., 
surrounded by walls of considOTabIc antiquity. In the ueiitre is the 
■ ■, town, with walls and fmsos. Above II riaea the castle, on an 
lineline, which according to tradition was thrown up by Attila, 
order that he might thence survey the conflagration of Aqiillela 
(p. 'M2). UdiiiH may in aouie respects be called a luiuiatiire Tenico, 
as it presents several points of resi>uiblance to tbit w^'t^'iv'''^'™ 
which It was so long Biibjoct. It pissmsus ». Wi*\\-VsX\. \¥nX«*«> 
,AMi/eoJ ot 1^7, bnrnl down In ISTti, Te8ea\\AVi\t «"=-%*.•.<»<* 

262 Remit 37. AQUILEIA.. 

the ilogcs, two niilmiins like thoan of t1ie PlaXzA 
campanile wiih two llgiireii which atiike the hours, and > 
e»ble lilinry. The ItomsneHqiie Colhtdrtil iKmtnins a few inter- 
esting pictures, and some flue si^alptnringlu wnod ii 
F^faeopal Palace a ceiling-painting by Giovanni da Udine. The 
CeelU, now a prieou, eomniBiniB »B eitenslve survey nf the Friaol. 
— The luggage or paaaengers coming froiD Austria Is eKamined hy 
the cuBtom-houae ufllueTB at Udine. 

atidale, lUe anctaut Fora-n Jutil, iQicrealine un uuauat aS (b 

|g Ihe B, iif Uiinp. ' 

Th w P HTBB B III* T vibl h di ergoa al Drliii form 

Kcaiut nlalu railwaj- 

A 90 M £ n- long bHdge. 

931/2 M tatioti Lwhtire 

the li gg g e led; railway 

realaurantV The train new isrosaes tlie Halitant. The atnall JudfJD 
roTULS the frontier. ST M. Carmoru , beyond which the /kkuo \e 

102 M. Gariiiti, Oerm. Qon fmtcl Bmndt, Gorman, wtll 
rBBtanrant, H. I fl., omnibna 20 kr. ; Angela d'Ora, UallsQ, g904 
caiaJne ; Tn Coront), the neat or a biehnp, with 16,700 Inhab., to 
nlianuingly eiCnated on the Imtao in a hilly cliBtrl<tt , and uoted 
Its mUJ dimate. Cathedrat worthy of notice. In the npper JUIt 
or the Uvrii is the dilapidated castle of the former counts ot the 
place, partly used as a prison. The preeerved fruil of Oorid* Is 
highly esteemed. — The Austrian custom-house exauiination takaa 
place here. 

Charles X. «t Franca (i. here 1830) is Interred ia Vas chapel of Hie 

The train next crosses the Wipbuch, a tributary of the IsonzC 
To the lefl of stat. Eubbio !s the chateau of that name. Fine *ie« 
of the Alps, bByoiid the Isonie. Stat. Sagrado. Gradiiea with Its 
church Ilea on a height to the left. — 109 M. Bonchi. 

115Va M. Monfaleone (Leone il'Oro]. The train entera the 
st«ny wilderness of the Carso (p. 4^^ , and the Adriatic comes in 
sight on the left. Thns far the Yenetian style of chureh-arfthi- 
teoture Is prevalent throughout the ooast-dlsttiet. 

at that period strongly [oriiDed, was the ptincipaJ bulwark of Italy on lbs 
V.B. frnnller. The population nt the lime nf AnKiisti" < who frequeBlly 
vUlted the Invrn. ta cooipaled to have hoen 1110,001). It waa that Ue 
greal Eeiilm nf the Iraftlc helwevn Italy and tUs H. ami B. of Eniap*. 
and juppJiKd (be inhahilanla ol lUstia an* VMnani* -wlUi gMjn, oil, nad 
triae, in relnrn for slaves and cattle. 1(ic inEnTtVran nf Ua BMUu^nlA 
ttosB dUMcU were Blwajs uodertilKKn Irmn flsta v^nV \»W)l.|-" 

ia Itaa Oaaidral, erected in 1013-12, iince Ihe melTOpuliUn ct 
(wlriarchs of Aqnllaii. Tlie vlBoe it now a. pour lillage trllli fiUUiuUkb., 

the neiehboiirhogi. Tho eoJlecliom in the Balllalero, sdjoinlng the oMbe- 

tn 1^ ft Urge CMlenam Aquie wu discovered between MmaiUro tod 

At S. Qlavrmni the TVniuiio, the Ifmuvut of the Ramaui, whtnh 
under the nune of AEcra [or Rjeka, t.e. river) ia Inat in the 
grottoes nf the Carao near St. Cau:(!aii, re-appeira after a Bnbter- 
ranean roiirae of 33 M., railing Into the Adriatic M/j M. lower 
down. A ponil formed by the river la oroeseil by a bridgp. Farther 
on Is Jhiino, with an ancient castle at Prince Hohenlohu. 

At (125'/3 M.1 TiabniTma the line unites with the Vianna and 
Trieite Railway, and the train runs baet a short way on the linn 
jiKt trevaraert. From this point to (133 M.l TrieMt, see p. 49. 

b. Sea Toya^ to Trieite. 

SriAHaoAT (Anntrlu Llujd) on Tuce., lliun., and Sat. (aame daya 
In the revemc iirecUonI at midniBhl, uorrBHHundmB w»b ihe tiprBsi Irain 
taVieDDBi tan 9 at B'/, ll.,iclurn-lickc>, avallalile fur a rorlnieht, 13 or 

Tlie navigable channel is indloated by sUkea. The small For- 
tifled Island of '^. Andnii del Lido nonimauila the entranue tn tlie 
harbour. Reautirul retrospect or Venice on liiooTlllght nighU. A» 
Trieste is approached , a view ia obtaineil of Grado, of the plateau 
of the Karat to the E., with the lilstaiit, snow-tilail Jtilinn Aljm In 
the bafkground, and of the ooaat of Utria to the S.E. TriesU, lee 
p. 49. As Trlest is a free port. Inggage must be again submitted 
-huuse euminitlon on wntlnnlng the jonriiay b; train. 

tbu fnrmiir itncbleB i>r funuu ud Modma, u well 
ind i9 DOW dlvldiMl tnlo Ihe elglit proviscBS uf 
HiUrna. Bi'tuva, Fcnura, BaviHsa, snd Aril, 
w|. U., with a |iiji>ulikilun ut 3,187 ,U» siuls. Ttu 
rm Uip thirl lutilu gniuij ut Iliii UalliE luigdaea 
nukl jKiiioil ut ILb vawel. wtU at aao strike filB 

jr. jSmlUui Ltpidui, 

ut ISO H., 
he BDDleiK 
nugb the 1 
1 tlie /luUCsH 

a JimillB, wbeuu 

Ibe dlatrlcl 
wu Snally u 

the Senonei wme 
Nnni, whidi wu 
u, nnd cuuMeteS 
aubJugUKd, ud 

I n'0j luteriuptttd 
ed u milituf 

npidlr here, 
1 tbU lide ^ 

The i 

wllU 11 

^Klmw 'j 

WBS h«ld bf (lie AKh!><n]i.>p uf 0.^ 

llk< lln,B„ .jt MiUn ur Veniw. Th 

y ennalirted uf n nuiuUei uf towns, 

principal liel. snil muuuluriea, uften 

it. Tb« pope .ppuiBled crfinjoTS 

hli leeitM la the dlfTereiK dlslricti, 

ut thalr i>uw« WM liinitBd,. u Hi* 

most impurt«nt urBroenlives were u 

arped by 1i[b BubjeeU. Meuwkn^ 

UiaTuwNB lu IbeKinllU prvitiicnid t«..uii aoelaba ud (OufflH 

pjriiKW. buWm, and hurghBt., wliiEh 

!m>« iw, ivliiuh ifler Iha 0«™. 

uii.^ iuiui'm \>i.^'\»».«ri^^H 

Aviennn, Ibe dismrmherDK^nl i,f 
l)gl sRar pwlraoted cciuibntii wa . 

thiMe iir&OBi, hliweVBr, who m-nn-nl. H t.i ». I "l .1 . il,. 

elected foge in 1493, ami bli wm ''>.»ri. A. . . 
Ibis iBSuliardlDntioa; (hey eiticpat, >1 lli, .l.i.' . 

Is IfA&J'mil IJt. Famsu InreBtcd l-itr IMgi, Ma nutuml V 
livii lul u B duuby, wbi<jb, on Ibe uatiniitioii of the Farneac 

bouse iif i'He milBMlned lU aupreiniMjy In spilt or llit iia)." 

lb. wbulu ut Ibe eiistlag inilituUuDe H.'^.^ ul I. n^ilh .. 
tbe FrenBh Bevolulli.n. Nafumok onited l-un.i:. i., J-„i,„-,. 

Ai>, 'lUl/ WH donbtlBM entiiel; 


rioa uf subje.:tian fakd e.Er lieei. 

a e.ei.6re»t»ndBloriau», » Ibis 

Iwis fgnominioii,,, u It wm in. 

"0 Italy 

ur tb« reat iiF Giirupu, by • ma 

a%, »od one wb.i by bfrtli, and u. 

rfinTy In .Aha 

ir » lUllBii. Tbe c»iu(ry bi.d 

of It b*d pBVer been «. nesr r. 

U.mi the 

but tksy anjoyud equality, an 

UgB reB 

to liberty. IbB oi.n>e "f llriy 

llw .^n-try to .h« spoken of « 



it free 

wblcb bid bBCUDie ilvLpiy nwted'ii 
Ibe unune of untnriea, began gradually to dliiiipcar.' On tbe (all of 
Ila|ioliu)B tbo AneiMiHs obtainud BniirBuinuy over tbene distriiili. ParniH 
was awknied to Marie Laulit, and Hiideu to ArrliiliiiB Piancit, tbe heir 
of Ibe lasl Kste |wlio died In Ism with tbe title or Duke .>r Breiiean}. 
Tlia wont lot tiefel tbe Ibima^na, In apiM uf tbe BDtreaty addressed by 
its smliHsadoii at the CuDHreiu or Vienna, nlher lo band oTer Ibelr 
country lu an ■infernal than lu Ibe pnpal GOvttrnmiiDl'. By bd ediet u( 
taui Augoit ISU, no fewer tliun IKU diHolved mouaatcries, and Gl9 nnn- 
noHes were rB-«r«eled In tbe 8iates uf thr CnuntH. The Code Sspoloon 

in liiSQ, re-entahliabei). The font nunbernnioal provinces, Bolwna, Fer- 
ran, Kavenna, and Forll, were giiverDed by a cnrdinal with the title of 
Legali (nbenee tbue dtslricta were cMlad legaliona), whose iwity was 

magistracies vere admlnisterod by prEesU-and never probably bod a gov- 
Emmrnl eamsd for itielF Bach a fund of batnd ftom its luMecls. lu 
1S21, I83U. and t84H, tbe Emilia succeeded In Ihrowing DlT the yoke of Its 

" lorlnlugund - 

d hy 11 

h I9G0, 

3. From Hilan to Bologna. PUcenn, "Si 

135 M. Raii.wai in W/.-T bm. Ifim" 34 l>. 45, 17 fr. IB, 13 
T.i Miic-Diii 13 M., in H/r'JV; t>n. (ft™ 7 fr. (W, ft 1>. SI, g fr. 90 

Miiim, see p. t1(i. At 1^3'/;, M.) Kntforedo ttie " 
ilivetgeB t<> Che right Isea p. 16^). U M. JUelcimi 
Mnri^/mmo. is a monionUu plane In the snnaU of medlnval 
mwleni warfare. Htrt, on 14th Sept., J51fi, Francis I. of France. 
in his eampaigu ftgiiiist Milan, ilefeatwl the Swiss allies i>f the nity, 
7CHI0 nf whijui fell in the action. In the envinma, and eapeolblly 
ill the town itself, a Eaneuiiiary conflict took pUce between Ou 
Ftani-M and the Austriana, on 7th June, Kt^U, Teaultiiig In the 
retreat of the Utter. ITii/^ M. TiinaiKinn. Innumerable cattinff 
for purposea of irTlgation atid drainage here liitcrseot the fruUM 
plain (CMnp, p. flo). 

'iOi/aM. Lodi (Sole: Oumbirol. a town with 19,000 inhafc, 
(41/2 M. E. nf which lies Ladi Veeehio, the ancient lloniaii colon; 
of /,rii(« Fompciii'). w»9 one of the Wttereel enemies nf Milan in the 
Hiijille ages. It is wlebrateil as the kcl'ti" nf Njiiwilr'm.'R alnrming 
ftfthe briilKeover the Aiida, IQth May. tr'.ni |.^, !|, ,,i l'.,„„o»n 
nheuEE is maiie in the neighboiirlvooit. "t ' ■ :i!.iii>s an 

ancient relief nf the Last Supper. 1 I ■ ■ ■ '.nri'li of 

•Menronilta, erecteil by Brim ante in 1470. ' ,.i..iii..l niili tfesooes 
by Calisto Piazj'.a lis l^di, a pupil of Tltiiui. 

28 M. Seeugniigo ,- 32IA M. Cotalpusterleago l^hcaiiah-line to P*f 
via and Oremona, seep. IGG); Sdi/^M. Codofpto; 38 M, S. Btefano. 

43 M. Pi&Mnia. — Hauli. cuum bmicc* (pi. e; d, 2), in u* 
flltada al llaiio Voceliiu; -8. Majhhj (W. ai U, 3), Hlnda S. Marco; Iu*ia 
[PI. b| D, Z). Strada del Guasl.i. 

"jfi BaUagUo, In Ihe Pla>ia; Oa/f Orandc, in llie Htnida dt S. BaJ- 
>, a little lu tlia 8. nf llie Piuia. — 'BaUaan UrilimraiU, Tt. Si/jfe. 

..ji wltb ona lioreo ytSt.,yH.b two (loreea 75 e. ; at night TC ». or 
fr. lOci eaeh bdi aa 0. 

Piatioaa, French Plaitance, the capital of a pmTince , irtth 
32,000 inhab., and an episcopal see, lies on the S. bank of the Po, 
which is crossed by an iron bridge. Tbe streets are broad and dull, 
but there are several Interesting churches. 

"' insB waa Fonnded b; Uic Soiuana, B.C. U19, as Colon, 
.ma Kme wllb CrenioDB. In tbe middle agei [t beld 
ague of tlie Lnwliard towoa, and waa afl«rwarda fT^^uuuauf hht 
mluoDt nf Serco party-ntrugiitea betwesn tba Suoltl, Turrlanl, and ViauiaK. 
In 1488 It nae plundered by F»B«s8ca arnna, a blow f ron nblch ItsSTBr 
itiFGly rucoferDd, In 154D it flnnllr cnme into Ihe puueitaliin of lk« 
irneae familf and wu unliefl to Parma. 

In the PiAizA DB' Oavalii [PI. D, 3) is situated the 'Palaao del: 
Canmnt [PI. 12), erected at the end of the ISih century. On lite 
ground-Boor there is a Bpauions arcade with Ute pointed arches; in 
the upper floor are sii rich ronnd-aTi^h wlndnwi, above which rlae 
haiidaome piuliacius. In front of it stand tbe eqnestrian Statutttt 
e l>uk(> Aiai/m<lT<> and Rnnuccio Fqvumc ,eis«\*i\'iflfi-'lA,^ 
flMocchi, a pnpil o[ fiio-imjA 4a." 


amor imSef Plitlip II. Ha toofc Anlwerp In 1B85, besieged Paris 
L in 1691, itHl died at Arr»s in lfi!)2. He w»a siirretdeci by his 
L tyrannfcil son Raniimio (.1. ifiTl'). 

I 8. FrajKeam (^Pl. 4), a 1]ri<^k eOIflrs in the PJaica, witli Gothic 

Fjnterini, irae erenleii in 12T8, ]n Ij^nt of it Hot^a ■ statue tn 

) Romagnoti, prufessor of cnnstitutloiial law s.t Parma, and edltoi of 

the new Ilaiian panal coiIe (see p. i'H). — The principal street 

{Via Diritta) leads to the K. to the — 

'Vrahedrid 1 PI. 1 ; E, 3, 4), a Romauesque-Loiiihard edifice dat- 
ing from nil, with a aupeTstructum of hHck ailded in the 13th 
WTit., oontalniiig admlrahle fresMoa by Outrrlno (propheta and 
sihjls ) on thn domu, and by todoi'ieo Cnrrneei on the arch of tho 
nholr, and plclnres by Froniirnini (in tlie flhoir'l, and by Andrea and 
EUaiiheUa Siri'nl over the 3rd altar on the ni;ht. The crypt in bntne 
by 100 columns. — In the vicinity (take the llmt side-Htreet tn the 
loft on leailng the iiathedrall i« — 

S. A»lonino{¥\.^; 1>,K,4), formady tho cathedral, datlnir from 
!I03, 1104, and 1563, with a flne old veetlhnle, nailed -ParadiHo' 
1^1350), of oiirions irregular shape, and a tower home by i^ight 
masalTe round cnlumne in thu interior. — Adjacent is ibe hand- 
Bonifi Theatre (PI. Ift), built In 1804. 

We return to the Pia^.za by the Via S. Anloninn . turn lo tho 
right pasttha Patiaia ComunaU, and follow tba Strada Gampagna 
to the right to the church of- — 

S. Mnrln detl'i fampngrui ( PI. 6 ; A, 3), said to have been erect- 
ed by Rramnntr, bnt disflgured by alterations. It nontalns wilne 
admirable frescoes by ForiUnone (to the left of the entrauee St. 
AngiiEtiue), palntlnga tn the two uhapels on the left with small 
domes, and also in the large dome. Behind tho hlgh-altat is a 
Ilesctnt trom the Cross, after Tintoretto. — We return by the Str. 
(.'ampagna and turn to the left to the ehnrch of — - 

•S.Su(o(Pl. 9; D,l), the richest in Piacenzji, erected in 1490- 
ITitl, with aii Ionic atrium. About 1518 Raphael painted for this 
iihurdh his niasler-plece , the Sistine Madonna (Madonna with Rt. 
Sixtus and St. Barbara, now at Dresden'), which was i^nld in i~m 
In King Auguatns III. of Poland for 'JO.OOO ducats and npla-'od by 
a wipy by Avanilui (beginning of 18th cent.^. The "hnir ™ntainh 
pictures by I'amiUo Proeaccini, Paima Oiowme, etc. ; al^o seversi 
good intarsias and (in the left tranaeptl the unflniahed monuuient 
of Margaret of Austria |d. 1586"), daughter of Charles V. and wife 
ofOttavioFarnese, Duke of Parma, tho father orAtessandroFarncMe. 
The BibtiBlecii l-tibbika contains 35,000 vols., including a vil- 
nahle psalter on red parchment, bound in silver, which once be- 
longed to Angelbcrga, tho consort of Emp. 1a-«\»\\. V^.>T\, wA* 
copy of Dante, snppoiied to data trom ISflft; a\M> atin^ »■■«*''"*' 
cil tnil palxontolngiaii} collection. 

268 Rouifjfl. BORGO SAN IKINNINO. 

A UIHb tu tUe E, or S. Siato U th« Pain 
eiented In a nikgiilflvbiit atylu by Viynolu ilunjiff tha i«i^ M : 
guet in l!}5ti, onK of liis flcat grenl worka. It wu never completed, 
uid is uow a bnciick. — On [lii< 1^1. W. eiile of the tuwu i* tho 
Ciltii(«' l^PI. A, II, 3, 4), erectad in 1547, 

4 JillUeniM iiUM dsily In ti hro. fnim Mnceiiw In Dabbio, Sfi It. hi lh« 
a.W^ UDCe fjitauuji ftir tbu lihmry in Llie ini>iiBiitery. 

Tlia nmbini ur ih« ancient inwn uf Tellolii. wbicb is bsllcred ta 
bm i>eea buriml by » URdflUtJ In Ilie reiea uC (be Bmp. PruhiH lul.tnit 
316), lia -Hi M. t<> Itac S.K. i>r IHuuuii. Virluiu utiguitiea itHvalal hen 
in im76 sra nxw In lliu mueeiiin nt furuu (p. I^j. An omiiMUiHtn, 

Ky iS. Ale, :S.'0'uiV'ii na lb« A'un. with a villa «r Uic 9eottl emoted by 
yienala, Jltaauo, unil Baiiagaam (wberu lliu earriage-niul termlnaleij. — 

The Bailway fuou Piacehia to Boloona followa the dlTe(s> 
tinn nf thu Via jEmitUi, the mad nni>»lracC«il by the Knman Consul 
M. /Emiliua Lepldna, 11. (J. ItIT, mid Jiamed after hitdgelt't^nomp. 
p. Wi), fleveial trauea nf which still eitiat. Thi^ train passes S- 
Lntitra, an HMiUBijiatti'.Bl Helaiiiary greatly eiirinhud in the likh 
cent, by the eniiimiit Cat.liiial Alberonl, who was born at Floren' 
cnola in ItitU (d. ITM). The church contains his tomb, and 
pictnrHB by Pnii^nnirii, Ztinchero, etc. 

Near (iH'fi M. | I'oatt IVure the train cruBses the Nan, and sogii 
passes t'onliina t'reilda, wheru Theodorift the tireat aitd the Lomtwi'd 

61 Va M. AUeno. — Then the small town of tOn'/s M.) Borga 
San Donnino it,'Tnee hiiincii; AngetoJ, the ancient Fidenlin Julia, 
which receiveri its present name In BST frnni 8t. Doniiillous, who had 
BUfTerad martyrdom about a century earlier, under MsiimJan, and 
to whom the ancient *i:iitlicilrid is dedicated. This church is one 
N. Italy; the admirable faijaile (the upper 

part unniiished) has three lion 

portals in tho 

Lnmbard style; 

and the Interior with 

Ita roun 


ami.les is 

^'TfiS" rv,.l^ 'i.rlf, 

with th 


I d'OHiinda, a mined oastle 

ereeted by the IJhiUrlli 

. IV,I 

dvidno about 1407, (bt pro- 

teotion against tlir'ili].- 

of I'srma. 

llie train orosBOB 

the river Tara i>vfr wl 

-■h Ilu' 1 

rarried he 

e by a bridge of 

twenty arr.hea, cnnatr 

ltilG-2! (_unde 

Duchess Marie 

Louisn. oi-Koipresn ol 

the Vre 


idiiig a charming 

view ur tlie AtiL-niiines 

The cos 

of the peB 

aiit-wonien here 

7ai/, M. tariiw, as 

p. !270. 

The train crnsaes t 

e Kni« 


eriy the b 

nii'Ury between 

Mb ilucbiea of Parma and Modcll 

, auiV 

■baitvA\^'-\.i>k.\S. llailo^ 

ie Cromio. 



&», per drliB 80 u., per hirar I'/i fr., at nlulit 1 !r. miJ 2 ft, 30 c. 

Kcfpio, which la also luillud R'ggio neW Emilia tn illstiiigulah It 
tnim Rcggtn lu C&Ubria, thu aiir.iaiit Rej/jutn Ltpidi, ia [he OHpU 
tal o( & provlniMi Hid n town of 21,000 InlBh., poBseaelng broad 
alrects Qanked with arivdea. Lodoniro Arioiio (d. 1533), the 
grpstest Italian poet of the 16ch cent., was Imtii here oa 8th Sept., 
1474, In alioiiBP near the Miinlnipio, which i> Itill shown (Fl. i). 

In thp FiAxzi Maqqiohb (^Pl. 0, 3), nparly In the centre or the 
town, la Bttuatcd the 'Cathedral (PI. 6), ereoU^d in the 15th (lent., 
nlth ■ RoniisMncn fft^aiie, nnnipletpd only in the lower part, in 
whiuh interesting trani'a of the eirlier RomaneBquo ohnroh of thii 
12th cent, are still observable At the priiirlpal cntranre ani roloitul 
itatues of Adam and Evti by Clement of ReRgio(d 15^4) a pnpil 
of Mlehael Aiigelo. The other statnes ot the fa ade sto by Mil 

The IKTSRIOB, whinh hai a loftr aho t an ml 

>l'BO BaoeaDl, Blihop nl Rtecl and nun r 

Chnrlcs V. (in tbo ehapcl to the tlEht of t f 

IlnraUuB HaleEutlna 1" iil«> attributed ti> ] J n 

nudlately on tbs rlebt nf lbs enlnncs) — In Ilj is b p n t 

is Uu! tomb of Clementl, with his bust h^ hlji lup I Pa l&Stt 

On the 8, side of iho plai^a is the Mtmiftpio [PI IH) at tl t 
ontrsnce la a marble boat of Oeneral CUldlni who was bor i h re 

Proneedlng to the right past tlie Mui Inlpio and follow k a broa \ 
street to the right, we next reach the ohnrch of the 'Miidonna dellii 
fJhlara (PI. 6 i A. 3), buUt in 1597 from a desig.i hy JlalM, in thu 
form nf a Oreek orois covered with a dome. 

n The iHTauoB is mdormid «iUi tmcoea in the nave u far u the duma 
and In <hs K. alal« by Lnca Ferrari (IG(&U) of Regglu, > pupil of Outdo 
Uenl. The altar to the latter, pnKnted by (br^ town to ifril, hM nn 
nllar-plecB by Omrri™. The frBneoM in Iho cbolr m by Tiarim iif Bci- 
liigna, nf the Hchiml at (bn Ckmutci; tha Annnirrsiation al Ibe hauK of th« 

etias in Ihn a. transept are by /.ianrfjo Spadn and others. 
[^ Passing through the arches to the right of the cathedral, we 
ri-»r;h the Puexa Mikobb, with tho l^hu^oh ot S, Pmiptro fpl. 14; 
C, 3, 4), re-ereeted In 1504 by Ooaparo Biei on the site of a» 
r^arlinr Lombard ediflop, to whioh the sis marble lions of the facade 
originally belonge.d- IIib choU oontiins damaged frescoes by Cauipl 
and Procacclnl, and pictures by Tiarlni. 

1'he laadontM ddla Conetiione [PI. 7; C, 21 Is a handsome 
modern ohnroh near the theatre. — Tho Theatre (Pt, C, 3), the 
chief boast of Itcggio, la a remarkably flne cdlflce for so small a 


(.1. 1709); Diieuwr, Pror. L'hicriut, — The iJ 
.■"ciMina 56,000 toIb., »nd iOB6 M8S. 

Oamraia, 9 H. to llu K.H. of Rf«gio, tonantly Ibe ckpital n 
priBi^linllli' bctonglng Ed Ihe Dushy of ■inlBnii, wu the hlrthplua 
USlI nf Ihn eilebrHiloil piintcr AuIouIb AlUnei du Ciirrei/g'«- Old Cdi 

BxPuiBioB TO ClHOSM (iee imiM >o»p nn tho (Ion cif IteigloJ, 8 hi 

the Alhergn dells Fuitii (with •inn bono 10- ID, wilb tw'i borocg a»^3a &: 
TbE riae in b; tbe iDsd Lo MBSim (p. 113), Invenlng a CerUle iiiil pi 

(JudllniMiUUa, with tbe ; 
the Counleu llallldk r.I Ti 

< la siEt 

whicb 11 
round It 

ned by Oi 

wards tbe S,, wilb tbs well preaerted caatle gr BnFwona In Ihii torogrouni 
id of the vnst plsln nf tbe Po biwirds the N., wilh Psnna, Begeil 

104 M. Rwblera. The Sasehia is then oroBBed. 

im/j M. Modmu, aeo p. 276. 

The train nontlnues to follow tha direction of the Vfi Ml 
met the Panara near S, Ambroyio. — 119 M. ruirlel/ViHW 
tnwii, auppoaod to ^e the Forum (latiomm where Anton 
fcntud hy OuC&vIbii and Hirtius, B.C. 43. Neii (^124 H; 
'Id, Aniofa, and Lnvina the tr&in crossos the rivers of tiket 
ami (hen the narrow Reno, the Biinieiit Bhenua, or A\ 
■.71'ls. Ab llologiiK ia appraaohed the uouiitry is open 
1i>tlR'd with vegutatiO!!; the Monte delta OtiaTdta (.p. 3CK 

135 M. Bologna {*iliH. lUstaiiiaiit), aee p. 286. 
39. Parma. 

.e nriLade; Italic, wi'tll giiod trallorla, Vis S. Luci», ncK 
_ catbednl, muderatc, a. 2, A.'/i, oouilbua '/aIt.; Liose p'Ord, In tl| 
OofBO 8. Micbde. 

Citf{i. Gaiavr, Via S. Lacis; miBrfimmle, Cvna 8. HIchelo. 

(M to « from the -Ullnn Ifr., two-hnr.c Ifr. 60 c., al nlEbt ■ 

r 2tr.; per hour 1 fr. (tit. or2fr. - OniQibus 10 r>r50c., trunk aOc. 

Parma, sftosted on the tIvbi Purma, a amall tributary of I 

fc^, the Mj)it»i of a pwvlmie ^.loimai\!) a iooVl, \a a te-nn ■« 

CnthedTnt. I'AliMA. JS. Route. 

tirely iDOiieni ippearaiicj!, but of vnry miiiietit oriKiii, will 

ets, and 43,000 iuhAbitnnte, It poBseG^ea ■ iinivKreUy founded 
ill 1549, aud the felt-h&t and olouk matKiraGtorleg tre important. 
Pwiri WH fouaiefl liy Ihe Elruacsnj. uflerwirds conqaereil by Iho 
1«- ind al»Uter poriud by the Bamans, and in. B.C. 183 WM emctei inlo 
noBn cglony at the >«me time nitb Malinii (Uodeui). It uu isb- 
lonlly eilendei by Augajlns, und called Colimia Jaiia Avgaila Parma. 
\ in undent and modem limefl ila woollen mamifactflrlu have ruDdered 
, place uf BDtDB Gmuequea(;D. IL participated Id Ihe HQnural deVDlDp- 

^1 uF the to«n8 of Upper Italy, icalou^ly eipnused tbe cauio uf the 

Oufliihii, and in 124743 H'aii lone iinpuacogsfiilly beaixgud by Emp. Freder- 
' - 11. In 1303 Qibirlo da Correggio ohtaln^a posseislon ef tbi: supreme 
ar. In 1311, after rarlons ilelonlln.leii, Tiirma came inle Ibe handn 
hu FiMoa", and from tbaljiorio.1 down to 1613 was generolly iinileil 
Willi the Dnebj of Milan. In IfflS. aflcr it had been anneieil (<j ihe Slatea 

banigbrd, t "iS 

Tbe ad V Mm p 4 
Porta B.M to h Por S Ooc niizii I EANDH 

CPl. E, F 4 h Faia tod & iwno (^Pl '>0 K 3) 

■nd the Pal da oimm P 2 F 4 troat o! the latter 

edifice is Statu ggi fted 8 2 — A little to the 

N. risBs the — 

•Cntbedlal (11 Vuomoi PI. 1 ; F, 3*), an ailniirable Dxamplo of 
[ the LombaTd-ltomsnesque style, begun in 1060, but not ooinploted 
I till the ISthceiitnry. It la a crucifnno building nOTered nitb a 
I dome, with a somewhat raised choir above a orypl, and a broad tafada 
I with a triple eolnmnar gillery. The three portala are einbelliahed 
■ Kith two hnge lions [eiecuted In 1281 by Bono da Biiont) and Ibur 
B otamallet aUe, and B«ulpture« by Lucchino Bianchini, 1 
m ad : 

The iHTi 

.ne Iriferiam. Tha v»a...„„ 
. 3rd ahapflontVatVf^A,!!.' 

-1 by Kondani , •. V^Vii 'A li-w^H^a 

Ii fedomBd with &n *AniiDinptioa by Cofrrfffio 

a. 2T1), unforttinitHlv nncti Injunid 
. . ... w.i '-npell»ri the 

mj trnm niirth in jiiyrul bllxi. A MrlhlnE tuliire aC IhR wurk ii tkat 
Ihi nruFH Hem to rlcns the vnnUin^ ud to be In the ael of rorsln 
Ibaii iritT ciut of (he chonh-wall* fatn hrlEht «thn'. The mmlerly aim 
■Iniait pluyfnl nmnneT in wfalDh the eicatrBl dirQeuLtles in the irork h>int 
twen qTHronniB hw o«er heen «n nbjent "f Iho highEBl Bam(™ano".. — 
' CornwP'"'. T>y Or. JuUur Utrtr. Nonn in the hcst hour for inapeeUnB tM 
piintinir. Periom not llnble to dliiineM niiy Mcend into tlic dome to unwitBt 
the oftlntlni: mora cloacl;, hiil no iteKl xdvintsite !■ thu« taiatA. tOt- 
picn In the ptclnre-geJlnry, ere p, 274.) To the riKht, »hoTe Iba trilniiia,«» 
pDrtrell* of GorreB^io tuid li<> funil;. In the Choir, Dtrld uid 81. Co^lB, 
by Camitla FrBratdni, snd good hsif Oolhic etiillF> h; Critlcfer* ttUM- 
oari (UTS). — The C«pt, h Hpacionx crnuifnrm BtrnctBre. with IWrty- 

(lEoT), the Jurist Pntll^Hher on, by Climniii (1H3), 'nnd of Bcroario deEU 
Uberli. The SiOKiBii contnina frMcuc. of the Uth oent., ud inlsnlu hy 
^occAiiu BianrMni. — The principnl tlfaii it bv CltaaU. Thi 5lh CInfrf 

Uinimy of 81. Peter, on the rl^hi SS. Sebuitlin nnd ColhArine. 

Tha *SastiltBTr [BatiUtav ; R. 2 ; F, 3"), BonBtrurted of Va»- 

ni b xtemnily ORtagonal, with three roilnd-nrched pOTtila, 

g of live stories with eoloiniuleB., find s flat roof lur- 

n d b ei%n pyramldnl ttirreta and a hclfr)', wag deslgiied 

by Btn d jlnldami, and orocted in 1 196-1270. Around noirly 

e w oilar of th« bulliiinK runs a stiries of medalllonsi 

rep es t artons anlmalB of aymhalinal Import. The potti>l« are 

»d fl d wi h he following anrlplnrsl subjents; — 

A h IT P rial (hurardB the EMaiEal, ahllVD, la the Kallvity ofCbelsl; 
h th H ator) of John the Baptlitt on the dooi^poata are ejeimaloslul 
tram of Jacob and of Jease. — At tha W. Fortai, above, a cuiiong repn- 
aontattnn of the LanlJudgmenl. On the door-posta to the loft, Chrflll pir- 

The InTiaioR (elnniKl; )ier in the houna nrpasite the 8. entrusel U 
ainteen.aifled, with thirtoen niohea and thpw; dimnvaya baiow and MTD 
galleriea above, nnd fracotai eolnmns ™ llie wallB. The seulptoim Mi* 
only been parlly completed. The "Id^s in the dome (I3th-Utll WlW 
rcpre«nl the his(«rj of John the BapUnt and pnJphelB, with a pumbir irf 

been hapllaed here. The rout dales from 1294. Altar-piece by J^h^pg 
Kamuola [lath cent.), father of ParmeeRianino. 

At tlie bank of the cathedral is situated tho olurr.h of — 
*8. aiDTanniETBngBliita (PI. lOi 0,31, belonging to an mi- 
clent Benedlotine monaeteTy, irbleh Is now a barrack. This elegant 
urar.ifDrm strunture, altered with a dome, with aisles and two sertM 
of ohapals , was ereirted in t510 by Btmnrdino Zticcngni (not Bt»- 
manta"! ; the facade in by Simone hfoai-Mno (1607). 

fl'KD ISS. Lucia and Apu)lonla, two diw^me, B. diorti" and S. AgaM) Jl 
iftB Itl chapel on Iba riebt, ahaoiannio minio.w**1 at >&« r.w«ft.M Sa»- 
nla/e-Jfoatenaavo, dauKhter ol MwVft \.oa\«6, ftie ■»!■*; ut"8i»ftitisiaV.'i 

PoImm OtUa Pilotla. 

tiiaoAfi ly mftMJei anil utgidt , gwin'led in 1030-34 (Ibe b 

Tbe bsLr.itoiu« of Ihe CAwV cudUuuhe k Cardnslioa u[ 

reeeJo wu nninved in IfiBi (the ni 

tbu Llbmrjf p-275t cupltia uF otber paru m luu (troaL cuiupiuiuun uy Ann. 

and Ab- Carrneci iro in tbe plctnrc-giillery, Ke p. 2T1). Tho new dunw 

u( Iha ehiiir wu kdomtid wlUi a cojiy lit Uiii cumplele work by Ounre 

jlrEliuI. Tbo handsome cbolr-iUillg are by Zucchl and Tcsli. In lbs 

aTChmy uf tbE door nf Ibe weiialr (K. trannepl} *S. ffinrann) bf Oim^ 

uw aeceialhle. Amgng the ea»t> wbn bi»e been enlertalnad la tlie 

Mui VI. tt a prtnQner of Ibe Kreneh in 1T99, and Pope Pin. VII. in ISB. 

The'KadoiuiadeIlaSteciii,ta(^Pl. II; E, 3'J, an imitation of St. 
Petur's |.a, Greek cross with rounded eiidaj, dealgnbil b]l Bemanlino 
Ziiccagni in 11)31, U situateil in the street leading from the prlucU 
pal plaina to the (ttnrmerl;} ihii»l palare. 

cliapel between (bn cboir and Ibe 8. traniepl. mDnuinenti (t.) nf Dnke 
Oiuvlu Farnele and (1.) of Gfurilno Grona, Uiii luller by Oiac. Ftane. 
da Orwiu, iaZ9. Tbe irehway ol the chair la adora«d wiib freunoi by 

Ihc ileht uf W« oholr: monumenl ot Onldu da Corregflo, by t). B. Bar- 
bitri: Ihe Ul chatwl on Ibn right coDlains Ihii munumiink nf Bullriudu 
Haul, dating frnin the flrat htit of tbc IQlh century. 

In the Piazza w Cortb fPl. E, 3) it the Pntaico Duc.ile [PI. 18), 
now the seat of the Pcefettiira. 

To the N.W. or the Palazzo Diiule , whinh is passed i>n Ihe 
right, U the •P«lM«o dell» PUotta [PI, E, 2), an eitensive blork 
of bullilingd, begun in 1007 by the Fnmeit, bnt never noiupleMil, 
contiiiiiiig a very Yiluable ealleittlon of atitlqnlties and pictures, ai 
well as a oonsiderablH library (crosa the court and ascend a broad 
night of steps to the left); open daily 9-4, adm. 1 fr. ; on Buu. 
•lid festivals 10-2, gratis. 

Ill the balf-atory la the •Hnuo di Antiobitk. 
I I. Buck. CBlUtUtn vf Coim, arruged in (our cabinela and fliinriiUBK 

atau.WlipeciiDcnii. The iiUMHiHea eunUin Pameian ciiins and medalii. — 

it Ontlla dalpttia, and nlliar inieripllons on briinie. nbluned in Ibe 
gieavaliuni Bl Vellel* (p. 3GS), begun in 1760 hy PbUlp Huurt.i.n^ h«ad 

a brimte ilatuelle) Baochua/ Victoria, Ajai, and other lironic »t»lueru-,i 

from VeJIeUi tenwutlu; golden neckluei, braaelEU, and cla^p* ot lliu 

l>Ier Iniiierial epoch, tiiond in digging the fauadalloai of Ihe Iliealru at 

. Parma. — III. Koom. Arcbileeiural fragnienls from the excavitioDS (l&Ul 

L tn tbe aaeienl Iboatre of Panaa. — IV. Booh Osorrldor^. Koman am- 

■ phoFK, dolla, and vaaea. _ V. Room. Oreoo-lWian vases (Peleiu and 

■ Xbetia, BsllerophoB and Ibe ChinwrL Theft of ilia Tripod]. — VI. Rouii. 

■ Elrwsaa antliinlllt*, elnorary urns, vaaea, idolT; omi ~* ' 

■ Mlver, and gold.- ~ "" " 

» D. ■ 

(corridor). Kgjpliaa 
■Mbu« uj uDrjuaiiicus, Llvla, DrufUla, Agrippjna.. 
,, and iLi pntti^rs n-om Vellela^ staluea i^t k^r^vv^ 

Aauff, enad tnrto of a youib , froi 
warn. Italy I. etb Bdit. 


iiunil Qp Uic grauad Dnor. — UooK XI. BomBD iucriptiunii, lAniu 
uf CbHeliu uiliiiii, BmnEeil UDEorillDe lu Ike tibiceB irbore llMjr 
ind. _ Ri.iiM sii. Vuluahlo imlletUoB of pre-Knmm •iillqulHe» 
iienled hy PriitiHaiin Slnibal ud. Pi- 
nl, bone, btoBM, Iriin. ud cl»y. — 
111. □unii&F Hn>.>i|ui»i:ii iiuiD Ibe Teim Hurs of CuUoub. 
eiteiiBive TiotnTe Gallsrjr la ou the lltit floor. The pie- 
's numbared and labelled with, the names of the jialnteit. 
uob; BulJiinK worlLy uf nuui. — 11. Uuoh. trti Ihe laft, •8L U*- 
eUi Bc^A (formerly in lliu cbuiuU itutia Scil&l, n celebWsd 
1. The oUur walk* M 

ehielly dC lbs Khuul iincflding Corregela : U. IVanaia Ma 

„.. . -. --,- -3 Virein; ;_ _., 

Fsnin;; 16. ^ratdi, Annnneinllaai 83. Cdpf of Pamui/itianiait'i iMinM 
del Cullu Lungo In Ibc Pltti Pului (p. mn utliera bj Amelml, JtMt- 
dani, elo. — lli. Rodii oi Sulnnilii. PiilnHngi by ntodcro nOtta, ud Im 
Eglusnl auluea of HbfcuIiu and BBCcboB In bu&lt, roiiiid ia Uu ImfotM 
patac&H »( Eunic. 

Lakue SiWoK. Over the entrmiee, un Iha rlKht ud left, and M IIW 
Opppaile flodi °CuplM of Corraggio'a Coronnlion or MBrj |in 8. QiOTUUl, 
p. Tfii. by AanibaU and AgoiUna OuvaaH. By lbs MBlmmw, on (he rife*! 
and lefi, beluw; IIG. ^u^oltlla. Twelve Apoilleg; Ihen, am lbs li^L 
Fanber un, nSfl, FT. fruxcVi, Ueicenl fnim tiiu Cross, and 1%. Entbrnial 
Hadonna, IMSi 108. Loi- Can-acci, Bnioml.roont of Karyi 108. /V* fm^ 
da nilajB, Adurnllon uf Ibo Uiigi; 'ISU. a<0>. AellHif (>J, Cbrinl u * t<i} 
wtlh Iho Scrlpluret) 1ST. Ascribed lo nitaA, Obrlsl beuing Ibf OnMI. 
SUIuH oTHniiu X^ulee in a nitting poitare, in mnble, hj OmMa. Ol 
the letl, 313. Tixterain, AaesiOtwi; 'm. ri^eln, Deresy 
Rellgiiin; 21T. OliMumi lia S. Gtotami, A iserrf partj. The don* U^IM 
lefl at the uppec vnd of tlie rumn lesda lu Ibe 'Studio d'inDtalolUiV WlM 

nbul , elc. — A small door at the begtunlDg of the Larpi Baloui i ' ~ " ~ 
IgU, Inadi Id the ruoiu DontaiBliig the heel i^utureii is Itaa GUll««l 

l.v. lioijH, '^SDU. CoiTtftlo, KadonsA detlu Bsodella. -The plelM* 
iw. The figuree, marked by llie mud ddlcale grkdMloM oF 

{ronnfl, Ihe lone i.'f whl.'h i» of a jHio _ 

vm. nuoM. S36-«Sa. TneM, Drawings mim Uorreg^n. 

FtnndM b 

'II Qionio', Ifae ngiire uf Ibe HagdalenE, pniitrale In uKer bunilllMtaoj 
la eipeoially idmired (tftgir). — Ibe adjoining ooiridut ountaini •W*tu 
CoLonn tioMKa from Curtegglo by Tuvnhi and hie papibr. 

VI. RuoH. SBH. J/sUMh, PoFlrall uf Krasmiig uf KutHtdan. — •HB. 
fJentggtii, Martyrdom of Placidni and Flavls, 'Tiie arllal'l pHndpal 
aim la [u produce a plearing ]iielure. Thu lra(tle leene l> trauacted 1B ' 
a Hell and obarmliie landscape. Tbe wonderfully plciureerjnc aiMntivli 
and Ibe hamiuny of Ibe lively and yet inlidned IliitB are iiiUAl allraltlfvti. 
Kien Ibe aliaduws produce an ulltecl of light, and dallne the form cltarlr 
and decidedly. The Otaiei u It vrere lloal, breathe, and nuire in *k 
■Inmsukere of brlUiufigbi' (Hc^'i-). '^Wti, "361. t*aa dn OMftrUoiw, 
Hadonnasi 318. Lnuinrill da VHtri, Head; '304, Uonfwia, UeaCHI IVcna 
the Crun. 

V. Bhom. are. I'on <Hr tI'M, Portrsili •3TI. Wulio nmtana (•««»• 
«*B(eJi hy BapliiU'J , in the Lou^iei tlxiirt Mi bIm>, with Ihe MadoBBa, 
SS. J.,ba, Paul, and CWbi'ioe; Hsi- Ourojiitu, lilaiUKn>» ulunK, tloudll 
JVJ. Jfurillo, Job. 

The ciisloclUiiB of the piBtute-gallery alao Weep the keys (fee 

*CoiiTauta di 8. Faolo (PI. J3; F,2), foimeclj a Benedictine nun- 
nery, navraeohool, in inalgalflusnt building, nontalning ch arming 
•Fhbboohb by Correggia in the Camera ili S. Pnoto, whinh Was thill 
deooraled hy onter Hf the abbesB Giovanna lia Placenm In lSt9 [the 
best preserTed wnrkaofthe miatet): over the chlmiiey-piece Diana, 
on the ouilliig Cupids and emblema of the chase [the neiebratud 
■Pntti del Correggio'], on the frle^ta the Graces, Fortiiiia, Adonla, 
etR. The moat favourable light Is in sonny irGSther, 10-12 a.m. 

■Tbli, bit Snt vork or a monumental chanicUir, eliows lbs palnler 
W alfudy pDueised uf hli full pntvers. The weGntlDn la io Iha hiibsat 
ieerw pMnitaklng and mipule, bis kandllaK even in rreaui 1> delluMs 
and Bl the same lime bruad, s^ri, and warm. Ai In tbe lalar painting* 
In the duniea of thu Cuthedral and S. QiOTaonl Evaoeeliiiui, Uu deeonittTB 
arranganiunt aeeiiu to Iramiuend Ilie llmlu uf tba bulldiag, and force Itn 
way Ibruueh Ihs ui^ilinn, funning an arbour throuBb wbloh tb« llgUt of 

The adjacent room U adorned with exquisite, sliglitly-ngured 
nsbesqaea on a dark blue ground by At, Araidi [d. l&'iK). — - Thtt 
monastery nhnrch (iS. LidOvieo) contains the monument of Count 
Kelpperg (d. 1329}, the hnitbaiid of the empreaa Marie LouUe of 
FranoB, afterwards Dunhess of Parma, by Bnrlolini of Floreni*. 

To the S. of the Plaiiia Grande rieea tlie Dnivsnity [PI. 29 ; 
%, 4J, poBseesing faculties of jurisprudenoo, meUiciiie, and iiiathe- 
mstlps and natural science. Tlie students number about 200. The 
palieontologinsl department of the iiitural history museum ia tror- 
Ihy of innpecCIon. Dlroptor, Profeasar P. 8trobeI. 

Qnittiiig the ainaeum and crossing the small river P'tniw by 
the fttnle Verrfe, we ruar.h the (fnrmerly) Dacal UiiTilm (I'loaed 
mT p.m.), at the N. end ofwhloh is the Pal>»o del Qitudluo 
(PI, 19 J C, 1, 2|, ereotud by Ottavlo Faniete, and adorned with 
. HumerDUS freacoes. Que nf the apartments cdAbIub the Rape Of Kll' 
(opa, the Trlnmph of Venus, the Marriage uf Peleus and Thetis, 
mc., by AgoHino Carriieei. [The palace is now a militai'j wtvQts^'>n&. 
«flen inaereBail)lB. ) - 

The g»nlen a.Jjoins the Rompori, a ipiiimen»4ie e\.A\«va% ■* 

tuwii, Slid Uid out on tbe site of thi 

S., between tbe Ortn noUnii-o and Clie I'.BStle , lies Lo SlrmlM* 

(PI, F, G, H, 61, another publiu walk. 

40. Xodena. 

Hotdi. ALBEnoo Rule (PI. a), In the Car» Via Emilia; 8. lUacD, 
VitPoala Vccchli (I*!. n,4), conmierelal, H. 3, L. 'It, A. 1, nmfl. '/i^-l 
luLU, ocai the Ptacoa Uealei MoIiniiuBA (pj. c)i tiorAUiu (PI. d). 

>Ci^ AVmomile, Corso Via Emilia, nppoiiilo Ibe IMgana (PI. 9G), trltli 
nalauraal. — Bta- at Ihe Bimria TeM, on Ibe W. rampiuU, li«l<reeu 
Ike Porta S, Aeailinu and Saloariu di 6. FrBacei'DO. 

Cut with one horM 80c„ wilh two Itr- por drive, at nighl Ifr. UK 
nr Ifr. Wc-i per hour Ifr. BOc. ur Sfr., at nlEbl afr. 10 or Sfr. Wo., 
each additional haJf-lioiir SO ur BOc, al nl^bt 7S ur BQc. 

Uodlna, s town with 56,300 inhab., situated In a fertile plain 
between the Seeehia anil the PnmiTO, farmerl; the capital of the 
durhy of that name and 
a Bi broad p 

h y nger b h 
uf ISte and 18B1 »crn qi<«l 
duke, quilled hii dominion 
A apeclalty at Modtiia 
ine of TEKBAUUTTia, Ihe i 
en>np> Tather in acuocdam 
Lhcref'in cfklcut&ted only I' . _ . „ . 
arl WM Bret fnlly flavolnpod I,; tbe alroOBlv 
imt, lame <>t vrbosa T...rkii maybe itwiiecloii 
(Bee below), BOII in 9. Giovanni De-"--~ ' 
urtclised in a more rtfioed sljle by 
jected lh« aid of painilng, and bn 

. The*OatliedTaJ(;Pl. i{ D.&l, begun in theHoiuaneBquestjloin 
1009 by Lavfranea, wnsberated fn 1184, baa a aupcrstrantiire of 
later date. The fa^e is rellcTed by a lai^e rose window and ■ 
simple (ulonnuile (thrpe arches resting an columns in the w*U 
and Biiclnsitd by a larger, whlnh la eontlnued roiinil the 
whole hulliliug. The portals ate aSonvefl -sUV Wve often TDClimnB 
aurble iions. Tlie nidts Bi-.ii\pWtB» ot ftve \wflAa, ie\nva(M«tit<Ot|b 

of the 

pcavlniiB of Emilia, poa- 


niversity, and an aea- 

D ions of Ibe Gallic Ooll, 

e situated on Iha hleb 

cad hem bv AntoDr tor 

andlUrllia, a-dcompel- 

Mirfena belonged lo Ihe 

b mined 111 iDdepcDdencs 

a tbe Guelphs and OW- 


282). —''oi''SB' death "of 


d-Bile (laeS), husband uf 

« da 

Coaimo I. of Floranet. 

LuneTiile loat Hodrna In 


g]> hia daaehter SiatHte. 


' arlis" 

In niebea. ^blB biuufll of 


lealintlc maalei ffnds Mat- 

Pi. 7). '^a art ww iiert 


BiOartlH (d. ISBS), who «- 


lo the ulinoot perfaetioB of 



J-.ffi>r™- Amffirt. 





<i S.Pirtr,, 









S J>,J.,,..F»-I^ 




!. nrtro. MODKNA. il). finuU. 21H 

Cieatiou, sti'l tlie hlsMry of tile llriiC iiicu dttwu to Noah, nrn by S^™ 
eolavuni Guilctnau (about 109!)); on Oie S, eido, In the right iie» 
the «hulT, is the htslniy of St. OemiuUnuB, a relief by Agoitino da 
FiTerae, 1442 [perhaps AgosCitin di Dui;Gto). The sculptareg ou 
tlie N. side-portal are old aili) interesting. 

The iNTEBtou is low ftDd hobvy, bnt of bandaamc proportloDS. The 
DBVB And aliilea ere Bnppncled by slteinste pilllirs iind culnmns, over whicb 
runs a trifiiriuin, and the vanlting ia pointed. In the 2nd chapel on IIib 
left, a lale Qattaie •AlU.r of lerraeotU; Srd chupel, a CoTOnaliuD of Sacy 

Jiclure of (he school of Hodena (tSBG) ; itb chape], Madonna in cloudi, St 
grume, SI, Sebaallan, and John Ihe Baptial, by Daua Baiii. By tba 
'OfpotfiEfl pillar is the pulpit by Enrieo di CoHWiotv^ 1322; vei-y ancient 
' ' , U Ihe right of tbc approach to th« choir, ailapled for the purpoisfruB 
capiUl of a column, Gbolr-atallJ by Orlitojon LaHaiari, 1(65; in 
ghoir, on Ihc right , dciilpUirei of tb« boelnnlng of the ISth conl. by 
'jWcolflm and Itmlelnnn, ri-prpFii^nting the l^lasio^. Above Ibepe arc parly 
ines of SI. l-Uri)ili!i>h"riis utu\ tliti Aonunuiallon. By the lofl onlrinte li> 
Ch"ir, iiiirt t.n th,^ .-ill,. „f the cbuir, are aeveial munninrTila of Ihe 

lab. Ihe fluted gDO ip fronl of the bigli-alUr being anlique, nnnlBina 
lomb i>f SI. Qemjnlinusi Ihu nallstio eroup over the altar nn the 
I. a Hadonna and Chrial, with a nun, St. Joaeph, and a Bervnnt, ia 
by JTvimf. 

Tbe Akchivbh of the Cathesrai^ Chapteu- House coutaiu % 

.rgc iniinbor of maiiuBcilpCs. 

The ■CampanUe, or to QhirUandaui {P\. 21, erpotejl in 1224- 

i:!19, 335 fl. in height, la one of the Uneat iii N. Italy. Iltoani 

etightly towards the baok of the cathedral, whlcli 1b Itself Ellgblly 

It o[ the perpeudkulsr. 

In Ihe campanile ia prvaerved an old SetcMa, nr nitcher, which Ibe 
cideiioao (Otmlnlml) captured Snm IhcHnlneneic (/^ireniO al tbe hatlle 
' ItniHillx". lIMh fiov., 13%. Atetmuiiy Tauwi of Hndena (1Sea-lS3&l 

"pil™TlS«l.''A'1JongnientVwe«ctoll°tu' Wm™in*lWi^^ 
reel, behind the cathedral. 

a. Fietro (PI. 10; E, 7), at the S. end of the town, is a epadous 
imroh with double ablea, one Of the best btlct facades of tbe 
c-iiHUiniioe, and aroas vaulting, partly In the pointed, and partly 

anaept, naa begun by Befarelli ami cMimpleled hy hin ncpbew Lndo- 
<rn. 2nd AlUr un the left, Vadonna in clouds with two sainti by Dinm- 

B> tnaietuo fPl. 6 ; C, 6) iwiitalUB a 'Dceennt from tlia Cross 
(in the chapel to the left of the choir") by BegareUI, an ImBoaln?, 
composition 111 tcrramtta. with ttiirt^tn \\te-*\7.e ft^iet, a."®j«vt 
irbieh lie group nt women ia speDiaUy flowVn^. 

278 Rnute iO. MODENA. PoIosm J 

The old uhutch of 5. Agmlirw , litcly rcltorod luld. now „ 
S. Michtlt IFl. 3 ; B, C, 4) , cunMiiis ■ moiiumeut (to tbe left'^ 
tlio high UtiO to tlie uelebrated uvtiit CaroiatSi^mna (1524-851, 
a tablet (tn the loft on quitting the ohiiicli] in menioi; ot Lod. 
AnI. Murntori (^1672-17501 oFMadeiis, the eminent historian of 
Italy, and a Pletk by Beganlli. 

The Mmeo LiipldaHo (PI. IQl Iti the court lo thn loft ot S. 
Agoatino, rantaliig Itomau inaorlptiona and Bareopha^i, aiid in the 
paaaage to the loft two mcdiffival moniimentB of 1313 and 1300 

The Corso Via Emilia, a short way from here, la adorned with 
■ marble statue to tlie cek'hrati*d historian, irith the iuacHption : 
a Lodamco Antonio Muratori la Fatriti, 1853. 

The TalauD SeslB, formerly Dvcalt (V\. 15 ; R, 3. 4), at the 
end of the Corso Vtttorlo EmsnTiele , a magniDcent edUtuo with ( 
handsome cniirt, begun under Francla I. iii 1634 by the Roiaau 
Sartoiommeo Avaisini , ootitaiiis a Picture Oaitery (open dally 
10-3, fee 1 fr. \ Sundays gratis ; eiitranae at the N. side of tha pal- 
ace, sora>iid Boor I wtalnguo 3fr.). Tile iismo of the painter it 
afllxed to each picture. 

II. Booh: 24. Sivione Aaatiil, Uadonoa and angels ll370|; wilbont ■ 
Bunilier, Banuiba da Jlodtne, Ifadoniia (11th canl.)i 30, BitldBviatlH [?), 
Adornlinn ol Ibc ChlJdi 33. Bhirario da Baarlm |oi rather hy an ead} 

linn ot the Virginj IB. BartBlminuii aowano, KBti(llB3)i''3B. Fi-a«e. jSlMcM 

uilTKro aSta (lMa);'M*V,i™°*rfo''«(""iadonnn"and two uiota (ifiOt)' 
— in. Ruoa: 'fiO. Ctrnin/lB, GitByattae carrind oltbf (be eagle (oeUf«|- 
paioHoe); 86. OorrefOio, Anetli. Then a number of IrciKua, cumprlilnE 
nlna nseneH ftoin Iho Mneid [tnntiCemi to canvan), hy iTiccoli diff 
AMali ot Hndens (i512-Tl)i by th< lame nuiBlec, the nclBEOnal piem 
No. lOT, with >iiiBen and mnnlcians. — IV. Btiau: tOa-113. CaOtng- 
^tnlinga b; TinloriUo fniin Ovid'a KetaraorpbuMa ; llfi, IIB, 119, by tll> 
Hate aiuUTi IIT. Gnpy <>r Tilian, FocMit of a ladyi °ilS, P. ttrtHat, 
Porlnit of a knlgbi; 110. Patina Ott/cmc, Allei^ry; '111. Bmiifiitlt, 
Adnnilion of Iha Maurt ; '119. Or'uu da Cuugliaao, UeBconl from thn Cvm. 

81. Peter readinEi in [lie cenlre the jialuc ot a wounded waiiior by 
Obbiai. Tblt riinin and the Bib eonUln a number of drawinu. — 
VI. ROOK; 1H9, ISO. aan/aU, Uadonna and sslnlai ITS. Delia AmW, 
Adoralluo of the GhJld^ ITS, Ifli, ISa, by tbe iwnie maslac. In tke 
canlre n marhla ilatuc nt P.yihc by CapMi. - Vll. Boon: 201, ladtrlaB 
Carraeel, Flnia; 3U1. Anitiaalt Corraai, Venns; 213. Caruriiftlii, BoUto 
drinking, — Vm. Suuh: unlmparlanl, and mOAt Of Hia nsmuB qmHtlouMt 
tinuinE the drawing) the "JudgniFnt of Faria and Ilie ^'Uetit ■»! 

left ia'the(X.)'Sil,* OnASni!.- Slalue of Prancia I. by flmiAi.-,- two Im)!- 

Sl. Peler; SaB.WS, Titiiwtm, Mythological piclu'resi 818. 'lAtiuOa SMrfa, 
Mpay woman, - XI. Room: IW. Oaiparo Pooano, Nupliala of Sl Ca- 
tharine. In the centre. Woman begging, a marble atfllne by CapilH. — 
_., „.... .r..._. 1, ■ --Tegglo'B La Kolle; Biidin-- --■■ -- 

•iW^''paima'^'vecdtiB (ors. 

*io, Madonna and Child i S.-. - , . _, , 

tlio, Furtrail of a BoaeAlMlnei, V«, KtnMnj^ai. '^^uMMnpvt., <(>. 

JfaMiila. the direclor of the gallery. — Boom to Hit right (eB(i*[||«J 

"8, Falma VectMo (ot Bii-n. UriwoTJ, Pntltall of a ladyi *iBS 

Madonna and ChiliVi V18, lloUi6»m,^««^''"\^^> i^*mS»«4i 

]Br> Zaccaria, nraboichi. Maratori <f. 21S), tnd Uis irnbiuloeiil Ca- 
M (d. ISea) were unce llbisrikrit hare. Sams of Iha IISS. ira vaij 
tbie, e.g. s coIleDtloa uf Provencal poems by Ferrari (12511. Duile 

wHh miniklurei of Ibe 11th unt., unyer-book nf £]«tor Alb«n ot 

Hajeaee (d. 1&1&), wltb mlui&tures. ffac »me bulldlog also ciinliliu the 

tbMBtl b/ Coju and llie Arcliititi. 

At tho ond of the atieet »ie the well-kept Gardtna of the pal- 
ie, iww the Qiardhu) Puhblieo (PI. F, 3 ; dOBod In rainy wentheO, 

vhlch, as weU as the i&mpaTtE of tho town, >.librd pleasant wallis. 

idscapu far and widu. Tlio celubral 

3 ol -lii 'I ■ I . *■ ■■- /'nnJIo, Robs n Prfnjm, uid 

, _. -je Aii'i L i-iim Wily li' PlBVB i. PelBgu. 

C"nliHiinii"ii "I III .- I- I'ui'.. - .lUrcnUn, elc.], see p. 3(3. — 

To the W. UM r 1. 1.1 I>;>: 11. ^.W. of Hndena, In sllaaled 

Bmiimilo. a iiiinll liiwti <■!. Uic SiMiia, wilh a ilucal Villa •.nA beaatlhl 

Eark. Xbc ZiA's, a nsigbbvuring volcanic maiiDloin, ii remarkable fur 
t napblba Hpringa. 

41, From Fadoa to Bologna. 

T7 U. Bailw^i in 3-1 br«.; far^s ilfr. fi, 9fr. 95, Tfr. 3c. 

PaHu.1, eae p. 203. The line «kirts and nmsses the naolgable 
t'ahiU dl Hail'igiiii. — 6M./16((no, ssmatltown, said to be the 
bIrtliplacD of the blstaclan Llvy, lies at some distanor to tho right 
of the line. In tho viotuity nro the Biiyni f 'Bathn', o woll-appoliited 
eEtnhlishiDBnt), the Aquat Palnvinae, or Fona Aponi, of the Ro- 
mans, on the G. slopo of the Monti Eagancl, t,u isolated volr.anle 
chain ot hills, with esteiistve qiiarrfaB of trachyte. TliB eulminal- 
liig T'int of the niige ia (ho IHontt Vmda (1390 fL), nii which lie 
tho ruins of a iDDnastPiy. 

H M. ilontenroUo. The tmlri parses through ■ long tnnuel, 

U M. BattagUa (^Atb, iiUii Luna, bargainini; neceseary), with 
warm bathe of considerable repnte. The ubiof spring rises close to 
tlio chateau of Count WimpfTeH , the proprietor of the watering- 
'acc. Ill the [oimedlate vluinily la seen the chateau of Cattajo, 
pcied by the Voiiotlan family ot the OMnil. nnd now the pcopettt, 
of the Duke of MoJona. It is adorned wUti nvimewa* Uowiwa"™ 
J:e!otci, auii WMdtiHs a valqiblo CoWwl'i"* of Airtinu-w. 1 

-., -- - .-JngBtr'l 388- lond reKor nt ' 

hL iir a girl; Uft. Stalne In a Biding piHture^ flUB. Iiit) IIW. Upper fcllf 
H pnrlrsit-UKlue ; 11T8. Itearded IHonfiuii Egyptian iculplHFEg in m- 
B. — A rooiD Id Ibi! rlghl conlnlm a large enllecUoii ot Wcapmii. tiu, 
afoWo B. Mitl'iie, or Chapel ot Ihc chUeau, contains good carif IUHhi 

of llie cliun 

nathle, l.Mrii 


in (Ilnsinn In b!i< p.ienu, cunlnins a fsn rDminieecni:es of Via' 
JJluslHilUB riwner. 

14Ve M. Monaetke, s tnwii &t tho biac of the Mniitl En^net, 
has iRiiuins qF foitifle'l ivbIIs and a ruined caBtln, whicli hum !>»> 
lOTigeil lA the Patrisriih of Yenlne. 

i» M. SUt. Kite. The town , the ancient AUdU, lies 3"/4 M. to 
tba N., on the roai which here diverges to Maatiia. It pesHstsi 
the BxtDnatve, but now ruinons anaeatral tealdiTiw of the UauM 
of Este|p.3821, a Bpaoloiis piatmaiirroundod with srcadrs, a Porta 
Vti-ehl-i with a fllock-tower, a Mvtai rii-ieo iji thp iihurch of S. 
Frani'.B»'o ( uniitaiiiiiig erveral iiile res ting Komaii iiiiicrlptiong'j, > 
t^athndral of clliptiral plaii with i lofty choir, and a nhuroh ofS. 
Martinn with a leaning tower. 

Near ( iili/a M.l Slan,iMUi the lino ccobbps the Onnone Canal. 
The country 19 fertile , but flat and [uarshy. Near fiorim a ttoM 
new foK ia pnsaed and Che Adige crossed, 

27y.2M. Hovigo (Cappa d'Oro; * Corona Ferrea). on Ihp Havlgtlo 
AdigeUo, an episcopal reaideuce and the capital of a proTinoe, wltb 
10,700 inliab., holoiised to Vcuiiw Cruiu 1484 doniiwarda. Tb« 
Via Puiitc AdiRe lends from the station past the Corona FriTM 
Hotel to the Piazza, in which alandsi a Venetian lajlumu. To tlw 
left, adjoining tlie Cafii Vittorio Emanueli! , is the entrance to 
the — 

Paujizo Comukalr, which Boutatns all oxtenaive Liirary wid 
,*Pieture Onlltry. 

Z. Copv <if Vlinn. H^dDoa; 3. Copy of Oim. BiUmi, Hidonnii i. Bum- 
U^lt, Sa. Lucia, Agni-K, ind Culhorinu ; -ll. Oim^onf. Piiclralt; IR. Allnw 
. YierAla, Hadiinna and Hainli; 23. Oiofatimr (allribiileA by Mr. Cnvn to 
^-~ -' ' ' ScoortlnE III Chriet; 34. Biutlo , Cbrlsl; '26. LrtJUtnh iM 
■Jirlnl; 31. aioe. BtlHal (lohui.i-pleef 1 , BBtrolbal "f SI. Cilb|r 
enifado, St. Peler^ 31. Anadicn Knu^l«l■^n , Wmjok*^ •aSfc 
Yb, Madonna wllh 8S. Halem «.4 1««««\ "a, P^ugUM ^Ml. 

lo BnUigna. IlOVIOO. 41. Route, 281 

a Ur. Criiwc lit La Haaam). UnAODai-, iti. niiil del ranri, MwtLinns 
Lod i^nU; SO. r»pf ornrlUiil by Mono Belli, Pms^ntHlliin In lliG Ti^iniHt'; 
.03. Jfailir tf K. Ilaty, Venaa; 10ft. Cbr^ (f), lUdnnnB; 101). SJap, Ael- 
iKj. HudoBfla; 113. Jadrca SeJUfliDiw, Apollo una lUufaDei 119. HnWiriii (t), 
Porlnit ur FcrdlnBnd l.i IS9. AilnH Vrechit, I^Tlrall rroti>iichi;d) i !-.». 
FVdrmj. Kttt Ilrwo; 134. Jal«ii<B Afldili, The Higlt 135. Oan/ala, Ma- 
loDoa *Bd uintii 13C. Aarf. MoHtafna (um-lliEd hy CrriKre i» /blMonK 
Siul>mnB uul xBiniai 113. Ttha<t, SS. Hieliolv, Paul, FnocLi, uid GeiiiliB; 
mn. £i»i« AuK, BS. Benedict nod Banb.Tlomew « ilO. BuHi, SS. Agnu 
ind l.ocUt IDS. nntlU, Nic;>demiu ivllH the 1>ody aC Cbriii; 118, J^lnu 
VkMb IO"i.jI, Adun ud Eve. - In tbe Liinri, whieh ci.iilitMTO.CM 
mil., IbiTf i« » fmall iilrliir.' <ir SI. LqFiil, by QwMc<iuo/irHnMl> tlWU). 
rbe ^tllj|in^' i'- ..mi .. |i<<Hralt uf tbi; ulroDUBier Biela. — The 

•d un i: 

> CMdl, and 

lu»™ -A V 


line nraa 

ta the 


Cannl notr 

ceded hvm it, end I> 

' e''.Mu£;t;;;™ie" 

32l/a M. Arquti. The "Hhh ( 
I the Brttam, snd, iieai — 

SBiS.Pnltttlta. n-scTieBtiiePo, whirh is huiB the boundary De- 
< twecti Tenetia and the I{Dmat>na. The loft bsnli nf thn Po U iiow 
fotlnvKil. Sut. Piiwloie; then 3. Maria Maddalauu The tlvor U 
then vniiucd, and the train lesehes Btattoii Puntet/iguKUTO. 
411/3 M. Ferrara. see p. 282. 

From Forum to Bobgua, 29V2 M- 1" l-l'/i *"■ f'"' "»'" 
eniBsoB thn Caf^ Taeiont Caaal, whiiih TOmmiininatea witli tha 
Po di Prlmaro ImmndiatQly tu the S. nf Fonaca, and travi^Taaa Oat, 
wpll-uullivaM'd Uiid (rine-flelda"!. Sutions Poggio Ilenallea, dai- 
1. Pielro In f'ntale. and B. Qiorgio. 

From 8. Plctm in Caealu a aDi^enee nllei mice s day In ll/> hr. 

"— — ■■ - ■■ " .», Ibe bfrlhplKE qf IJle E"«l ptlnhir 

■A Gwrcbit ia Cailo (». Iflftlt d. M Bn- 

I lA Ontv, a imaU town on tbe Rena, tbe bfrthplao 

r luitna 1666). Scleral of Ibe cbnrchei, partlcDlarly IboH ol 
IbE jrmtMan del Jtoiarfs, contain works fay OiHKfHa, tran wai gnwu; 
■riaehpd 10 hill BilIvB hiwn. Hii boose, wbeic be recrineit many lllutiilom 

— Sear Cenin in aitnnlcd lHee4 di Cmlo, a imall tiiWB wlUi tbe pilciman^- 

Ferfo™ U aitoatod noar thu mdeiit FommAlieni, 3'/j M. S. 
Of the Fo, ill iba midat of s fortilc, hut niiliualtli; plain. It is the 
Ripltil of a Delegation , with '2i!t, 600 iiiliib. , and poBeeasea broail, 
deaerted streets, mouldering palaces, and other imposing re mlnla- 
cencoa of Its golden period. It was once a prosporoiiB commeTCial 
plaoe, nnmberlnB 100,000 inhab., and was the seat of the renowned 
uourt of the Hotiae of E^W. 

ThefamUr of Bute wa^dcBeended from the Lmabardle iovaden of lUly, 
and icrivEd its feudal name from Ibe casUe menlioned al p, 2S0. Am 1. 
lK«auE CiHiDt or MiiioiuTE ur KaiE under Eup. Henr; III. Hii eldeat log 
Wtl/ iroander of the founger branch of tbe Ovelphi) was inrested witb Ihii 

Duchy or 

iTB of 



hla gi 

Tand tta'i 

be laat nala 


■me tb 

IbB funil 

fi of Bmnswiik a 

d Hanoier. 

enMa, the 


wa» the > 

nf the doko. of Forrara 

and Hndcn 

added Mud 

14. I3S3), 

d the powfl 

r Df hi 

oh from an 

earif pan 

1 imd 

im BoTtu 

reived 111 

Ddkb of M 

He iti. 

-ederiitk III., 

ami rtial 1 




nUTI. hi; 

hmllinr U 

/. (Ull-iSCB), and the 

ths latter 



lin Bo 

gia, were 

Mwigrfiil and 


" Cardisal 

Archbishop of «»«•, 

frleod and 


of Artoila. 


■OB of 


daugbter of 

i-inis xn 

of Fra 

^"ot Iho 

n Calrin a 

ad Uarol, lo 





mm hp 

nd children. 

Usr son ilphmm 

//. llSBa-BT) 

rs.iBed th 


f FuTtara l« its eulmiit 

aUni puis 

. bol with him the 

tamil). b«a 

mo out 

not, his Ihr. 

e mairiagu 

belDg chlldJeBa. He was Ibe p 

alron of Ih 

TmU and Ox 

arini laolhiw 

nt Ihc '!■ 

d[ed Bl Venice In" Kta. 





raclen. Hla dcscrlplio 



of tbedufc 


t found 

tion. Awia 



the sis tors. 

MiUu Du 

da Ou 

Oe, and afl 

c da Kcmo 

(1034-88), the olhc 







\alae fait Independence. In the 
Iha I'adoan scbool, as tn th'^ a 
>f wurk» am lbs freauoea In II 

1 TiUlIO aoivMMii* ' 

not saooeed Is mala- 
era cbiBfly iDllnaBiuut 

ifOvUfrfS ICcpteftl^CuafSaiMtLt 



13 j-v«;. 




IS j™^;*™!! *■;«(«. 



17 (ari>lU d^U, -MieM Buihi 



mjUuE dtlJbnbi^u, . 


20 d^a^A^ji^.^ . 












zjjvrt- d>n.i.it4^ 


'8 d,iCm.,JU. . . 



iU ItTK.^ r ™-. . , 


3L JtoRKBiwim *mimi7wto 


■> Pnl (H Beraaqua . . 


n r«A.JUi .... 


CalhedTai. FERRARA. 

Tra5)T»n'i1icc Femreaa" maaler, hoonmc i 

lili TUldenca at Boloenii. In Ibu IGlb osni. 

tbc VcnBlIftn p&lDten predomlnHled, tbe r 

warm of tbB ■kllful fiencexKlD Tiiia. sutbb 

BeuD Btut [i. 154:1), wbu nomDUniu dlepUyi 

wWIo flio ciilnuring uf (lie Wanted '-■--'- 

tltn Mbnii]. The prinCM nf Bale. II ■ . - 

Forrara, whfre be psinlad M. 'Crtato'dells MoobU-, now «l I'lrusiliu. 

The *CuteIlo (PI. 17; D, 4), on »ndent and picHirpaquo edi- 
Soc witli four towers , situHted in the centre of the toMii , ia nan 
onunpied by the local BDtharitiea and (he telegTBph-offloe . The cns- 
todUn ahnwB aeveral dungeatja, and among tliem one it the bi^e 
of the 'lion towor' , where on 2lBt May, 1425, the Minints Nielio- 
lai III. oauseit hie faithleBs wife Pnrisinn Malateila snd his iia- 
tnral son Hugo, her paramDui, to be beheaded. Lord Byion in his 
pnem oF 'Patialna' auhatitutes the name of Azzo (or Nicholas as 
bptng more niutrical. — The Sala del Conalglio, and the adjacent 
Sain di Nnpali tn the building of thu piafecturo, contaliia fteacoea 
by Dotio Doisi, repreeentlng wrestliiig-niatnhps ot tho aiiclent pa^ The Salii dtW Aurorti, with froacni's by tho Bamo maeter, 
contains a Anu "PrlEzo with ohlldreu (said to bu Elennora'a room"). 

Between the csatle anil the Rtthcdral riaos a monument by 
Galeltl in OiTBlamo Sfwonnrota [PI. 31), who was boni at Foffara 
on aist Feb. 1451 flii tampl cotrattl e aetrtll dut vhl B doi tiranni 
nsfielUWrn' ; p. 352). It was unveiled in 1875 , on the oiwa»toii of 
the AHoBto festival. — On the right, farther on , la the PiidiiTO 
del Munieifio (PI. 19), the oldest rcaldonue of the Eate family, 
much altered during the last CBiitucy. 

Tho •Cathedral (5. Giorgio; PI. 1 ; D, 5) haa &tl Imposing facade 
with three aorioa of round arohea, one above the other, an ad- 
.mirsblo example ot the Lombard style. The lower part of tho 
frant and the lateral facades date from 1135; the nppnr part ia (if 
the i3th oeut.. the soulpturee of the 13th and t4th. The pmjeeting 
portal, eniliihud with aculptnrOB and four lions, waa added at a laCoi 
'period; the rollefa, however, ire of an earllei date. 

hnt nnt anploMingly modernised. In ili- ','"ii Tjun.hht ,in Ihe righl: 
•9t, Peier and SL Paol by CoiV"'"- M^iti'i-ii'nti "I Ni- Lawrence liy 

racotta Hgurei of GhHtt and Ibr n Il'- in lulli lr^nH,-|i[<i liy AI/,mio 

iMuianU. — In tbe Cnoii, to llu, ri'ilii, .\nFiiin< iulii.u. In tbe lefl HI. 

Itae left. Hadnnna' entbruned wIUi faint.-, by Oarc/alo. (in Iba riglit and 
Diaatsr [rep^nlod). ' ' ' - 

At the 8, comet of the cathedral risei a lofty and handioma 
CampaniU in four msasive Blories, erected in tbe Kenaiaaanoe stylo 
nndei Kroole IJ. Uppoaito to it la the Pat. detla Kagiimt., «.Q<^'>k>^b 
brick building with restored ra<;ade , oier.icA \n V'iS.a-llQ, w ■-"'■ 
la 1840, and still containing tho cofttla ol jxisttGa. — h.i'ip* 


284 RcuU iS, FERR.UIA. Palaao Set 

tile forincr tliurtli of S. llotmino, wliicli is uuw nlmort entlret 
cenlsd frum view b^ otket buililliiga, oiilf tUe tasternl bitekotB^ 
III Dilution uf tbc friene and wiiidoW'Urdiea beliie visible. 

S. I'aliln (PI. 13) ooiitsiiig plotures by Soaottt ami StaritUIno, 
arid the tomb of ^nt, Monteeatlno , tbe fneail luii mtnlBter of AI- 
pUaiiwi II. 

Tbo BtviliD Fnbblico, or Vniamily [PI. '22; E, 5, 6), s Buhoul 
iiF medicirii;. umtheniatliw, arid juriBprudelli'.r: , nontsJiiB i lalUabl* 
uollectlnn of rotna, and (Ireok and Latin Itisvrlpitloiia {\u the aa\at 
aHTeial rtuiiiaii and early ChriaClau Mrcopbagl), and a. Llbriirti of 
100,000 vols, and 1 100 MSS. 

Ai-lniln'i handwriUn)!. with aiuDurous onrrsutioiu , and • f<PY <>f Tmit^i 

hjr TiBwi in iifisiiQj ffnorm'j (IS. "f Iho 'Paslur Fid."' I > niimlier efohnlv 
bouHa "f Ihq laih-IBlli cent. wUh beanHTnl minUhireH. Amiing Itis 

lirOBElil Unro frum S. Buncfciiu (p. 2fi6J lu I8()l. 

8. FruiaMco (PI. 7; K, 5), orecled in 1494 by Pielfi Btmb- 
mtti, is tiiticcly covi'itid ivltli dom^a, and eauh aisle, ia flanked f\A 
cliapelB, The friozo uf 'puCti' aud foli&ge, Lately lesturud, In by 
C/iriiluina il'i Carpi, lat Cbapul on tho luft, freauaea by (iriro/uZD, thn 
Doiiorsand IheKiaaof.lndas. Tim other picluroa aro copies, ofwtiloh 
the origlnaU are preserved in Cbo Piliauotecu. The uhurch contnilM 
monuments of the family nf Eato and that of Giambattista Pigtn, 
the sncrotsiy of Alphoiiao II. and rival of Taaao (a glmple slsb^ 
tnitdde, to tlie rlj^hC of the entrauuu]. A famuus ooho hcrci (vadw 
tbe seoond dome in the navej auawers siitueu timca if awakemiil 
with duy energy, 

a. Al'iTia in KudotPI. ^1 i P. 6"). ouoof tbo oldest obucolios lU 
S'eTTBrn, but altered after 14Tfi by Blagio Ruutlti ami Bartolontmao 
TttnUmi, (innsists of a nave divided into three parts, witb slUt 
ueitlng msttiLg on ten mlumiia, and aurmounted by a dome aup^ 
ported by buttri'saaa. It uoTitaliia (rcsi'oi'a by Bojuini. 

At the back of the .■.hiiruh. No. 23 , Sttada della S.^aiidiana, \t 
the Falaiio BohifuK^a ( I't. 35 ; F, G). oiiuo a ehati'au of the Bale,. 
aud liovr uujitaluing a liutf and dumb institution, it waa bsgun by 
Alberto d'Eata In 13!ll, and completed by Rorso !u 1109. OveT the 
bandaoiiie portal is the uiilourii fram Borao's armorial buaiiiiga. The 
ptUlPipal saloon oonlains "FrescoPB by Cosiino TfiTit , Loratto 
CotlaQi], and other*, diatnvered In 1840 under tho whitowMfc, 
representing the tvelve months of Che year, the BignEof the xodlno, 
and soonea frum the life of Borao. 

To-the S. nfS. Maria in Vado, in the Corso Porta Ihimaiia, b 
the PnioMo Coitabili (PI. 33; F, 7), sometimes called PaUiiO 
Herofa, after Its former proprietors, or ?alai;co Bultramu (romlhe 
ly to whieb it now bclonpia. It was erected in I50'2, but h^W^ 

, Teted. UsiiilsomD court. 

'ie iV. QttABTKE of the lowu , oi 'MAViXiroetTt^iwi:. 

FEKRA.RA. 42. Route. 

HTtlie Uth i^ent., 1b traversed fay two rarin si 
« CoWd VIMorio E^nnnMlt sml the Oorjo di Fortn Po bdiI rii fort* 
Hare. At their ititeraection (^Pl. I), E, 3^ ire Bitunted four hand- 
some palanUB , llie floiiat of whinh are tbe PaUato Prosferi, or tie' 
Ltoal (Pt. 34), with adroirnblo oriiamentBtioii, and the — 

*Fala»a de' Diamajiti [PI. 30; D, 3), so vailed from the pe- 
culiar facets of the stones with whiuh the huiUing ia ooverei), a 
hindaome early KenalBaaiica structure , erected for SigiBmendo 
d'Kete hy Bia^ia Ronelti, and completed in 1567. It contains 
the AUneo Ctvieo and the important Civic Picture OniUry, most of 
the works In which have beBn colleeted froin suppreBseil cliurchea. 
(Open dally 10-3 ; ring on the left at the entrance ; fees prohlbitedO 
Oarofalo and Dotso Dotii aro partlaulafly well loproaonted. Good 
catalogue, 1 h. 

I. BuoH. 'S5. 1 

iiwt 18U. lV«lc«(liN'M»'a™a'dd'lUiaario!''— ^11.''b . 

isEutlne, 'lOI, KS. A 

wUh sa. Potror^ ■ 

lation, ui 36. 
(.), Enlombmei 

Drawing; '131. Tvro, i 

idUpnpil utCitflB), llidy Family; 'lia. 
ra, Kelk in a iiurfsoapei 94. Pmvf^o, 

TliB Old 

and Hiw THlamenl, n frcs'en from' 8. Andreai' la-^™"""*. WEdiing 
Cima. — V. nooK. flO. Oartt/alo, Adoration of the Hwjii SB. OraaiU I*- 
menl of llie women. — VI. Budh. Ifi. Shvb Boui, St. John injpired Cor 

Icmiiaraiy ol GarorBlo), Adomtlon .if the Cblld; '62. Oarofaln. Aduialloa 

tun, lS37i 'l^. Pm^ll, Salalation of »iu\ SS. UattHtao, Adoration of 
'tbe Clilli; BH. Oarefaia, fit. Kicfautaa of TulHDtlno celehraline iiia«t US. 
etir^ata, Cbrlat od the Konat of Olivea. — Til. Kuux. TB. Olurtlta, 
' "«»uilBtlnn of St. Kanreltosi U. [ovsr the door] Oanfala. Kebnni of 
IS Holy family id Efypli B&. Oafiifoia, Hadnnna among idondi, vrlUi 
Linln and donon below. tSUi SJ. Vilt. Carparcia, Dealli uf Marj-, OU. 
(..■o/olu, SlaoKhler nf llie InnooeBta. — vni. Roan.. U. flnHu BujK, An- 
iiaciation (an early work); 88, Oarafaht, CnoierBion of Con^UnlinP (in 
>ar luial] tilciorea); ViL TImaUadeUa VUc(i}, Aiimmptlnn <il IIm Egyp- Elpnsoi 11. Oariyalo, Rairing of Laianis; 72. flar't\falo. Findins uf llie 
CrUBi; ■45, Omu Aoiif, Madonna with SS. ADgustino und Behislian un 
" e left, and S8. Ambnue and Qenrgc on Ihc right, ons of the magtiir'n 
i«!t workn. — X. Boon (to the righl of (he enlranee): Modem (ilRliircn, 
In theCorso di Porta Fo, a little farther to the W,, la the church 
Of 8. Benadstto (PI. 3; C, 2, 3^, erected in 1496-1553 by Oi,im- 
baUlela and Alitrto Triilanl, consisting of nsTC and aisles supported 
by piilara, and (lanked with ehnpels. The etrciilat yaultlng is Inter- 
rupted hy domes. The monumeul of Ariosto wae (irigiaally here 
(set! p. "284). The old monastory , now a bBrrank (keys at the 
" 'mo Comunale, not alwaya easily obtained), is adorned with 
frescoes by ScaracUina aiul Domo Dosai; thai of lUa a,\rt»-'J»Jt«iW6* 
of the refectory repri'sema Paradise, iill^ aa\i\U a\vft m^eV* , vs*«^ 
(Whom AHoaiti caused hinitelf lo be ^BlnteA. 

2S6 Boule 43. BOLOGNA. 

The simple Home of ATiaflo(V\.^; C, D. 2), 
(or himBelf and uccnpiBil during the Utter part of Ma lUe, TU deir 
Ariosto No. 67, has lieen tlic property of the town «ince 1811. II 
bean the insi:iiptloti, composed by the poet himself^ 

ir ArlDsto are shown In the Interior. 

he auriB sicbui|Bd 
I UiB cknruh of B. 
Hartlt a Bgcctie. but qnltled it un his father's dgklh, 

A Slutue ofAriotlo by Fianc. Vidoni, on a lofty eolamn in the 
VXtxt*. Ariostea [PI. E, F, i\ w&s placed there in 1833. In the 
15tb Rent, the colnmn waa erected as a mojiument to Herculeg I., 
■nd ill 1810-14 buie a statue of Napoleon. On tho B. side of the 
pluza is the Falaxto Zatti (PI. 36), and on the W. side the Pa- 
laao BevOaegMa |^P1. 32). 

The church of S. iJrMoforo (PI. 3 ; E, P, 2) in the Campo Santo, 
whlRb was forroerty a C&rthusisn monastery, a handaomu liunalE- 
sance building , was orecied in 1498-1653. The eumetery mntaina 
iHTerttl tiBteful Dindem monunienta. 

The ffoipilal Bfai.Ama (unlranee in the Stiails dslla Oioveeisa, iieil 

WW kept in Diin liniment far aei«a yean (from liiTS) Uy order nt A1- 
pliOfiBU IE. He \n BuppiMed tu have Incurred the diapldoflura nf bla patron 
by bis iiawion for the I'rlacefls I.Hmara, the (inter or AlphoDK, Or tg 
„ . eriudiual alUcki of Inunlty, A duDgeon Isvhown 

and rTtiLer'iii'iiu written on the walla. — Adjulniae the hiisplUl la Uie 
UoJnu dri Jt^iKTinHli, fonnerly Palaao Bitir^a, ereotud In 101%, with a 

I. Boloffna. 

f Iha 




airada ITgo 

. i'k 



R. 2, L. and 


■ are in the St'rad' 


e Vec 

well ipoken 

or, R. rion 

u.d y 

J.* VmuzM, 


dl Keaie TO ft 

81. nearUie 




«,, MoHMtO 

1 Mauo. a,- 


Ca^i d<J UiriD, Slrada 8. 

!lln a«™«. N 




j. fioufi. 


Stirri-ie, whlOi a 

re aJao re 


nbi! 'I!<-S»- 



silaa Pslr 



,:e, Via c 




ti> Ihe B. of S. 1* 

I, »dj 

8ciBn«; H-t.'Jfr, 





■Ide ^ th 




e PliuEU t 

Bulny 8Ut 

«■ UUKil 

ftirlu Poll 

=™, W.W. 

of the Ho 


(PI. G, 1). Esilir 

ee K. U| 


eocc. 9« B. 4a> 



C, MO flB 


'lC',t OHM ia 


PhLaiiu Pubblic 


45j, oppi 

ite m 

egmph OfllM un 

r of lh= 


OkU. Perdr 



own, "/.fr 



Ifr., who 

II Hi mrreiDlfn, SinJii GHtieliooei Baaiti Sutei del Ana, 

Th™t™. ' Tea 

ro del l^iflini 

(Pi. 73 

H,B1, th 

e large.! 

BibUn. ii> im Od 

bu idtB of th 




Ibg BDd uf Sepl. li 

liibed in 18U in lb 

! fo'™w ehuMh of Ih 


del &J< IVI. IS; 

','(i, ai'yu 

do' H>] 


upcn-iir tbwtre. - 

Tbi favour! 

1 Oivoci 

df PMa 


ways nltTMt" apeci 

Lluri I n bBlldi 

B (Pi. 78i 0, 2) 


purjoM, and abo 

uld bo VlB 

ounc. lb 

.t to ho pl«o 
■1 wa in Iho 


Sh*i«. The bi 

ntfr lh» 


fiuoknUun. XanieluUi liliio pltolo 


«. Peltonlu. ^«Vfl 

art. Via 

G'Bliiera"H. 671. 'd 

EDgljh OhUTD 

Baniu in'u 





d the^wiit^ 

Tha town 

apiM are ili^J ic lulls . Ihu fcllow Vta Farad 
Principal Attmtlaiu: Piaita Vilt. Bmai 

itotolffw!'with»\'llJViu"Lb!^\^ui".'i^Jbl.rbB 113,900), one nf the 
inost ailaiaiit and imporlitiit Luwiie in Jtsly, the napital of the Kmi- 
\la . it Bitnated in a fertile plain at thu base of Ihu ApennltlHS, 
between the Etna, the Apona , and ihe Savaui. It pHBsenaes 130 
churches, 2U roonaateriei, and a tenerable and colehrat^d univer' 
«ity, wheiine the InBoription on old soliid 'Bononiu daeel'. The 
narrow streets and 1ufty arRades. the numuroiiE old palanea , and 
the yenerahle chnrcheH aiirmoniited by nuaVMAoaVSm X(i«w^ . ■i*^ 
hwr teetimony to the peciib'ar chaT&eteT o1 Vtte \>\vKb. 

288 Bout* J3. BOLOGNA. 

Tht h,wn w», fdnnacii Ti¥ lUa Etruscans 

anii DKOd^^^^^l 

d by thi^J^SSaawBl 

In tb« funic W« ii eapaui^ ibe uuse af £ 

annlhal. .fter wBlffifS^ 

190, 11 w« cunvenad imU> i Bouu colooy, n 
utl PJscenlii, by ilie consul C. Upliui, an 

ibe suoe Umi u CnMBona 

d u mcb »ai ■ plue <K 

very loeU Imporliuice. Under tiia Eiuulrc 1 

fl^arft" b'^o"ged*u' SJ 

(Ireek Ex&rcliBic, mil Ihen In Ibe Lombards 

snd Franka. Cbarlemapia 

motto 'i.i*=ri«), and ib 

cgannofca and prnspurily rnpUlj Incrawed. 

nlUB.ho !)»««».«,<«. 

fif the oldest in lbs world, wsj fuunilofl, Bnl 

Ungtal, soon analned'l 

In 1S&3 Ibe onmber It slid to haTeollirined to* 

early 10,OUO(.tlhep««iii 

u study of tbe Kumaa Law, 

tlieir encrgieB [o iW MM' 

nmlatlon. Tb« study oT madiDins and pbila 
latuT period, and a iLcologlMl faculty Mtahl 

*ophy was Inlroduced at > 

shed by l-ope Innocent VI. 

Tb<j analiimy of tbe humBn fiaoie was flml t< 

UEbtbarcxf theUlkcanl, 

OatraM in ITBB. II U'm 

ntuarhable fact that the aniverilty of BdIoed 

lib EBol., 3-™.tLi d^iadrt. 

raceutly I.17B4-1S17I Clulilda Tamtnvm IGrenk). 

Bali)|,-Dii Rcled a vtrt- prominent pari in tbe contests of tbe anelpUl 
and Oliihelllnes, esiionied tbe chosc of the former, and aUiei! lUelt witk 
the Pope against Bmp. Frederlek it. In a sanguinary onoOHn»ar ■) 
FoBsalls, In Slay, 1240, King Jimiii. sun of Ibn Kraperor, wm captond Iw 
the Uuloenese, and kept in c on Un .anient by them for the rest ef bit'BIb 
m J<".n, p. aSBf. He was tbe fciinder of Ibe family of lb* SnHHffU, 

uf the pnrly-slmgeles of the IBentivogli, Vliconli, and other faiailtrgi, muQ 
In 1613 Pope Juliut II. ini^orporatad it with the GUtes iif Ibe Chareli. 

In lalG U^u Inlerview of Pope Leo X. with Francis I. <>f France h»k 
place at Bolopia. and In ilM, mO, and Ifi32 those of Clement Vtl. Willi 
Emp. Charles V. ilf-rr, Ioif, Ihe CuuncU „f Trent bold a mteiing in IHT. 
In b9i lliilogoa wM anneifld to Iba ■Ubmlpine Republic' by Kanoleoni in 
1816 il aEaIn bcenme subject to the States of tbe Cbarcb; in 1S31 and UlU 

kingdum of tlaly. 

In tbe Histery Bl Mt Bologna did not attain to any disUnotlOl UU 
bItinUB of possessing witbi'n Ita waUs tbe largest cburcb In Italy, TO 
pJaled, wiiuld lave surpassed in sise all the oUier 'cBlhcitrBl. in July. 

HS early as tbe i3tli cent. , pnpus iti Jnccaio ruuno were angagaa (a 
ODbellish tbe tomb of 6. Domenleui the reliefs on the principal plUM 
lif B. Onofrio were eiecnled by Jaeapo dMa Cfuireia of Slena, obb DrHH' 
founden" of Renaissaneo sculpture-, and eren JHctoil Angtlt, wbMr% 
fueilice from Florence arter lite baniahmeBl of UiB UedicI (lUi], baud/ 
ocuuiinUon in tbe church of S. Hotoenlco. rrtftolc was likcwlM Mh' 
piofed here. Of the Upper Italian masters, who are wtll nuttamMt 
at Boloeoa. Jl/onin £onil«rd(, or piMvn\s WllaHiUa «[ l.iiuca IlliAMIWb 
bnldt OiB bighfsl ranii. Unlugna wan ilw Oie \iVt>.'tav'>ai« nt PTHVWatOpM 

I (1400-1617), I 

£; Ihe VuBGlian schuul. rrhUi^ al Iha inaie time the schovl ut llaplisel 

, ... sd S/iatcoHiaUii (i. 1613), and ymionwro ife /maW y. 

JAfiOV). Bulugnn ntt^ned MB erunteu imporUncii U tbB uIdh ut Uie 101^ 
pentury. lbs mannEriBm into wliieli lUliao painllDg bad. irnduBny lupBDil, 
— u reslaled br Ihe ticLEcriug, whoM ilfle waa mainlj Inlrodnced bj 
RJDno Comrct (leoe-lUiai. Id luacliing at hti aotdeDir he IBCDlsitad ■ 

UTBtul Btudy nf tbo ereat muten. The ichool ivH iJterwardi DurlisA 
n by bli cLinaiuB JinijfiBO il6fi8-lflull anil ^FinftaJ. Oamuit [IBSO-WiW, 

oped bv ibe slod; a( Coireigin. Ti> tbis Fvbonl belnaeed alld CWdv 
,AMal571-164-i), UomeniMm IDnmr^icB ZaiMieri.- 1^81-16^1). tnt AlbaM 
'llBTS-ieeOJ, wHu exemiccA a great iiittDei><.-B ua Italian an Id tba 17th 

ime Into eoUlslon wltb tbc nalurallals. cUierly at Borne and Kai<lei, bnt 

The*PU»a Vltti)iioEiiuuiiule(PI. F, 0, 4), forianriy Pliasn 
'^nggiiirt, in tlieceritrBOf (he town, the madiasvsl Torum' Of Bo- 
.iogiia, is one nf tlie iiiosi Interesting lii llily. II is adufiied nitli 
■ fountain by Laurtti ; thu brouic status af Neptune, eittuuteil by 
eiuv. do Boloffaa I bom t5'24 at Dauay in Flanders^ in 15(U, is 
'.Mid W wi-igh 10 ions, «nd t.) hsve Biiai 70,000 ducats. The 
r the Fla^a Oil Ole. N. aldu is Bouii^times <<.alled 
J'ioiM litl Netlano, 

In the P1s7.ia Vltt. Emanuele is situated the FkIuem Pnbblioo, 
>idtl (iBvCTno (PL i5 ; F, 4|, formerly Pai, ApostoUm . bupin in 
121H), adoniHd with n Madonna on tbe facade by fiiecUb MC ATe>i 
.(.d.U94j«nd_B bninxe tUVte r,fV6paOttgaTj\UHBwnrijmr"y7u 
of Bologna) by Mengnnli. which was trauEfoiined in 1T{)6 into s ata- 
i[ tit. Putroiiius. The fp'and ataireue in the interior vai de- 
signed by BTunvinU (IM9J: tho galleries and halle are ileuorated 
with froseoea; a inlossal sitting statiie ol' Hernulaa {ia plaster) in 
the hall of that name, by Allhtuto Lomhordl ; in the Sala Fariiese a 
atiienf Psuilll.. eti'.. 

In IbB Vi. oai.Li.. s-'i-. ->,;■', .-..-,■ 1., Ibc S. of the PaJauo Pub- 
hllcu, un tbe tiKbt, i.^ i:i. ''.,..< . i.' i, i.i (PL 69; B, T, 1), ereeteil 

uruiBU;I«l't tr»i»..|.l, I-.,.,,",. NLiiiviij. - «. fruFJmco (in. 4'i), aiiw 
ruilitary luaeatiDe, i^alaiuii a lii.i»>u iiliur of 13AI. 

fin the M. side of the FlazM is the PaluM del FodMt& (Pi. 

t; F, 4|, of 1201, with fstaile of 1485, where tho young and gifted King Enzlo was kept a prisoner by the Bulogneee, 

lit was solaiied by his attanhniont to the besiitiful l.ui^is VcndS' 

^li, rr(nu whom the Ilentivoglio faiiiilv la ilewKni-fti- "^^ii W**- 

ll«U la (wJleJ after Mm Snla d«l lie ElwJu. T\ie snw\*->'» ^o^«»S| 

^ I. fitb san. v'« ^m 

290 Smile j3. HOlOQUk. 

election of fope John XXm. wna lield liere in 1< 

EontBins the Chic ATchioef. willi a iirmilcr of aiicieut ioeiujuiMf. ■ 

The siljoining PortiOD de' B&nohi, erected by Vignola in 1502, 
Ik uhietly used for EhupB. CJii tho S. aide uf tbe Piazza is — 

*S. Fetronlo \P\. IJ, the largest cliarch in the town, begnil in 
emulation of the cslbeilcal of Flocunce in the Tui^cau-Gutbia stflb 
ill 13tlO Frum a design by Antonio Vmetnti, but uever uompleted. 
The piojecleil length was iipw»da of 200 yils., ami an impOBinf 
transept aii'l an nctagDiisI Uume rising above the cuutre betvinen 
four towers were lu be ereiiteil. The work waa dlBiiOiitiTineil nl 
Iii!i9, when the nave and aisles aj far an the Iranaepc oiily vere 
couipleteO. and they are now teimiiiDitdd by an apse oftbt; hreiidtli 
of tho iiate. Leiigtli i'J8 yda., breadth vith the ahspela 52 jAa. 
The nave is or vast ilimenBlnni, and the aiglos are Danked wttb 
uhapels. The (^hiirch in Biipportud by twelve pUlarH, and belOw the 
pointed vaulting ace aiiia II run nd-amh windows. The 'Sculpture* of 
tlie principal entraiine are by Jncopo delLa Oucrtiii , l42tl; side- 
doiire by Niceolh fribiila, 15'iD. — Over the ptiu«ipal BiitranM i. 
bronze HtsCuc nt Pnpe iliiliun 11. with tlic keys and a aword in his 
left hand, by Mldnid Angela, was plured in liiQS, but It yita 
deatroyed by Ihu populad.; thruH yi?ara later, and sold as old (ueUl 
to the L)uKe of Furrara, who u»c<l it in nnating a pieiw of ordaftiiM 

Tlielntnin U adiimQil wUh i...>...'nMLi «.'Lil!.ii.r<fM udiI piclures. Hwt 
uf tbe chipela aru eniloH"! In liquid-... rji.< ni:Lri.i<' Ki-rifcns, daiing owu 
Iba Ulli, IQtb, and 16l)i ceiimn."'. l-i n:::|ii'J mi tlm ri^hl: alUr-ttiiM 
tOgd the FaUiet Willi nngelal l.> <:,„.■.„„., r,,„„.,. 

■- - ■ -of Ibe )«t fm. .111. 1-Ii:.l"l uid , 

riiughl by liiiii in 
rnpiii dciieOa by /W|j 

CUavtl (dl S. Anlunioj: Slahie »>' lUu aauit, au isarly-wurk uf AMfnl 

Igbl HiraclDS wruught by biu, in urinal lie 

_ _._r_ ., ...... , .._...._ . . I. „. ._ ... •Li,u„_ ,,,1, yonijy 

iIb by bi< P^p'l Pn^crda ik'' Rintii uiijHUlie i 






1 lae ui 

>., l&tio, 

till bi-'ln^ Ihi^ 

«l MC«i'ik.'u« 


Ttie KavE 

at l.lic end 

f (bu K. aide. 

tains I'orly 



Diibtdfatadi:, oflhc 15 





Hal 0°r tha" 

nod (Iho 

tor mpeeUne 

N Alsln 

HtLi BaicOdch 

(Btli ifiMi liie 

a sr) auulaiiia 


u» mn 

Ba<ai M 

Bi tiQBbaaa tt 
marble ly 11 

rand a<i>:lieu (it 


iTrT* T^ 





n t(WtaBS)|M 


wind w»^ 


i; Be 

the 3ta fvJSl' 

tun.ll tj 


aC wliiah ^M' 


1 Itr iLc 

>tUer tU 


t^ie VMOoiuiv 


IVitlie S. £, Of 8. Fetronio ia sitUBteil the 'Arohigiimuio AntiM 
{PI.46;F,6; entruiCB under the Portici del PavsglioTiB), BtBoted 
uuivetMty in 1562 by Terribilia, and bIoce the removal of the 
T (p. QST) used as a Bibiiotcea Comunale (_open daily 11-4, bx- 
oeptSmi.; savoral yaluabla M8S.). The Logge of the couil und 
of the Brat floor contain numarouB monumoutB, adomad with ar- 
morial heariiigB, to the memory of profeaaor* of the uiiivatBity l^Mu- 
laturl, Fuggl, Malpighi, Atari^ni, eto.), aud the snDE of the studentB 
3d acuording to their provinces, (hi tho Hrat nanr is the Mu- 
if Antl^ltits l^apoii daily 1 0-4), coiiiiocted with thu library 
(Mnseo Civioo). The cnatadiBii, Qiov. Szedio, gpeaks English. 

I. KuuB. Egyptian nnliquiliHa. — II. Uooii. Vtta loani tn Lnwer 
alF, niuit III theiu vtitli ttie uaual reiireHDlalliiu* of iiirerinea fur Ike 
:aa I 11. BaKlts ur Codrua wUli Ibe lerainti 291. Atbenlu pTlve-vuo witli 
Mrlplion (Due of ItaunB In wbli^li tbe vlctiirs in Ihe Uhlrlk ap'irls al 

I. voifaibly by F 
nht. InthBgli 

Sculptnrca by the winduw-oall : '2UU1. 1 
olyclaliui lOiki. AtUene-, X>75. Kullef ut Z 

»... — -.,.*. ,_. a number, "OrcBlea, Pylades, aai ' 

. . IthHna; tim. IKdlpua and (he 

^d by Ihc liurning uf the corpM); on tbo ttlaSB cablnist 

ularinllxly. Bell 
icIiEni^d by Ihc In 
lie, <S1. Baltic aeene; 104. Fiiiwidini and Ampbllrit?! 

|j, SOU, n 

M from lliu ume iobbm. — Tb.i ^i,.:.i..nii,-^l lL.,r,..r nx.iu 

Wo now prutwed to the 8. fa the Piiiz.t Cav«uh (HI, li, IJ) in 

whiRh (he new B.mca NnannaU (PI. 1^2; V, b\, by Cipolla, In 

aitniteil on the right, and the Pala.'ao QuidoUi (Pi. 59) on the left. 

The latter wan rebnilt by Cor. Mnnll, the arohllact of several other 

idero bnildings in the town. A little farthor 8. is the PtASlA 

llouBMico (Pi, K, <i, e 1, in which is situated the ohurnh of — 

■S. Domealeo, fomierly .'. liaTUilommeo {y\. 10; G, 6), hot re- 

lledfcated to 8t. Dominicns, who was born In Castile In 1170, and 

died hum in t'J21. Tha Rhurch is In the Jtoniauesqiie style, dating 

* a the 12th cent., hut vas nomptetely temodetlBd in the IBlh. 

Srd CUaiwI on llm riglit, above the alUr a Hadonoa 

I S'. UuMKHiuu, containing the luilib uf tbs gainl, a 'Sarcophaeus ['ana') 

rclicra rruin lUe life of Ilia mint,' liy pupUg ot Nicralli niaao: 'KesUtt in 

"■oMlfl, IbH 'BlAluei byVlWId del" -Irai t.4. liBi^, wlui (ewVf'A ■>!>>» 
rnaniu from Ibis work, soil hy CortMM, reWots on VAiE 'a»M.>i3 ^'l™!?- 
if^'-a/ (d. IS3T). Tfte koeBifns 'AotBl OB tlia \el\ -MM ««■«>■ ^i«*»-^ 


tu lUe ri^bl or IbF ipcEUtnr lit D'lw nttrtbulcrl li> liim inut 

Si. Petmniu* ImniBiiiilely iiverHie iBrnophigiu with II 
hMd. tn Ibe b*t(-doiiiF mer <]ie wck, a ■TmnarleunKLin 
Oul^o /'«■•.' (t) tba tklnt rcBuje! Inline* buy, lij' Tiar^U: |1 
Ing bunill™i dncnments. Vf lAomtlo Sfiada: sdjoiDinB I 
ngbl, flltpp^o Lipfii, UAdounnaad aaintd, 15U1. — In lUo 
[nJaid 'Hratli by ^a iJoA'dnn da Berffomo^ IKlS^l^ ad 

nA; In Ibe 2iii) chapel (r.) Ibul iiFTuld. 

; opptlBitB lu it ■ porlTHit ot St. TboDlU 

icdj.— LKn Tr»naepl: Tbe C.PPKtiA DEI. 
Itda KtiU (d. 16U; U> the left • memurii 

i i':[utia tp. SSS>, tieqnaalb 
^0 I'eiioll by Joawd Laii/nm, 
A<iulnu (d. mt: oneb Tb- 


■laU irf (mail pidnlingi hy Orido Ecni, Ibe Varraed, EHiabttia BiramI, sad 

lite monuniciil ot Ib'a jurisl. AluBi'indro Tnlagnl, by Frair. 
(1477). I)|ipuglle l9 the iiumunenC of Ibu VolM hnilly, will 
by i>rW]»ro OhmmK (kboui IfiHUl. 

In thu PiHzzs S. Dumenico rise two colnmni with statnes bribe 
saint and thu Madoiins aiul two Monumeala af ibe I3t1i a 
more important or wbiuli, borne 1iy nine Rolumiis, wst erect^il in 
131)7 ill hniiniiT nf RoLimtlno F-inseggierl, wLn iliHt!ii|;uls1ieil hlmgelf 
In the eonteata hatwaen the biwn aiic! the Emu. Kred. DirbsroHii 
(restoieil in 1S6U), 

In the ilfllnity, in the Urst piii'.za to Che 8., is the Pal. J 
eioeelii (PI. r)3; F, 61, «ilh a fai;»ilu by Andna Pultadia u 
oniaDiiB^e liy BU'tltait. It U now otitiipieil by the TribwuiU, or 

To tlie W. in the Stradu Azuglio (foTmerly S. Msmolu) \b At 
*Pal. BtsiLacqu^i-VmcaaitP]. 51; F, !i), aBvribcil to Bramanltiio. 
with a snperb "lonrt, the flneat of itn stylo (perhaps by Oiitpnra 
Nndl, atwut 14831, bnt withont the uanal srraile on die BrOimd- 
rioar. In lf>47 the Connnll nr Trent aac here for a short tima. 
The Via Uibaua then leads to the — 

ColleKio di SpBgna (PI. 40; B, &1, at the oomec of tbe Stn>U 
RaragoK/a, founded in [364 liy Caniinal Albomot, and noiitkinlng 
fresiwBB (damaged) by tho Carrarei «nd a Madonna (abovH) by 
IhyniKinMllo. The Caronatioii of Ginp. Charlel V. at S. PeUoilio 
by till' latUT is novered by wliltewash. — A little to the N. la the 
nliiirt-li nl .V, I'nolo (I'l. 31 ; K, !■', Q), i-rer.taii by MagenU in 1611, 
viih i>o'lur.'9 hy Lod. CarraCRi |^2nd ohapel Oil the right, Puadiia), 
liOL-r<ai><) (ill the 4th cliapul on the right), and othur 
laite tn it are the P<it. Z.imbcreari rjj S. Paolo 

and the auppreaserf chapel of the FkiU di S. SplrHo, 

1(5 ItBiislsBance facade, adorned w' ' 

IlionE. and an attics in lerraMtta. 

^tiirii by thx Stia<la Axeglio to the PiM 

r.oi.iiaw. -i.i. Rfiui 


Prom the N. side f\ the Pin^za ilet >i:tr.uiiD (p. 33!)) th 
MerttOo di Metao [PI. F, U. -f) leads to the B. to the leiuliig 
(nee belowl. — In the iialghbouring Piaj.ia via. Dpomo (PI. F, 3, 4) 
irlBKB the nathedral churrh of — 

B. PiBtro (^Pl. 2), in the 'bsroqna' style, begun in 1605. It 
'Ooiialsls of a apacious navB with olrcnlar vaulting, the aieleB holug 
partly ronvertiid into i^hspela with lofty gallerleB, and partly into 
•uparate apartmeiila. In Ihe chaptec-ronrd, St. Putet with the 
' Hadonlia ; alHive the BhniT an Annunclatlun, the last work of Lad. 
Cnrraeei. — Adjoining it on the N.E. Is the Pilate ArciveicoviU 
(PI. 42"), with a court nonBtruetHd hy Tlhaldl tn 1ST7. — Iii the 
TiBinity, to the N.W, of S, metro, la tiie »mall uhurch of the 
M-idorma di GaUitra |P1. 20 ; F, 31, with an intBrestinj;, but dll.p- 
Liatert fstarte of 1470. — Opposite is Ihe Pal. Fava (PI. 57 ; 
F, 31. with flne "Freseoee by the C'lrriicci from the niylhs of Jaauii 
>lid £neaa. 

We now return to the Meruato dl Mezzo, at the E. end of 
whivh. nearly in the neiitre of the town, are the Lbanino Towbus 
(R. G, 41, the most singular gtruMnres in Bologna. The Torre 
AaintUi [PI. 781, erected in 1109 by BheraTdo degli AgintUi, whith 
Iwiks proiligloualy high when seen from the pavement below, is 
") fi. in height md 4 ft. out of the porpondiculac. A rough atair- 
e of 447 stops leads to the summit, which commanils a line view. 
_ e Torre Oariaonda (PI. 791, erected In 1110 by Filippo and 
Otlont GaTistndii, (a 163 ft. high only, hnt is 10 ft. outof thepur- 
poiidieular. Dante (Infernn xxil. 136) comparea tho giant Antieue, 
(ho benda towards him, 10 this tower, 'Wtien a eloud paaaea over 
1'. The latter ia probably Che only one of the many leaning; towera 
n Italy whose obliquity has heen intentional (eomp. p. 324), bat 
t was found impossible to complete it. 

From the leaning towere Ave slreela ra<li»le to the gates of 
he same names: the Strada Caatiglione, S. Stefano, Maggiore, S. 
Vitale, and Luigl Zamhoni (or S. Donatol. To the light at the 
er of the Strada S. Stefano and Str. Caatiglione is situated 
■PsliL»odBU>Kereuiia(P1.43i G.41, or Foro de' Mereunll 
(Chamber of ConuneiGe), a Oothie structure, Bald to have been 
rented in 13a4, and reatored by the Benlivogll Iti 1493. ITie 
lienor ia adorned with the armorial bearings of all the Juriata who 
taught law here from 1441 to 1800. — Farther S. in the Stbaiu 
risTieLioHB is the Fal. Pepoti fPl. 64; G, 51, of 1344, the castel- 
iteil residence of Ihla once powerful family, with a rich gateway 
nd an imposing mutt with a oolonnado on nne side and arched 
asaages on the threa othera. — Farther on, to the right, riaos tho 
andsouiK new Cona di Biipnrmio {PI. 81; G,ri|, with arrades on 
lie ground -Hoof, and handsome wrought iron ?,x»ttw|,* »\v\«b-«\a^ 
dows; the plan of this palace, as weU ai ot oOibt >s\nV4"i*l^ '*■'• ^ 
' F, ir.18 deiigiicd by d'juicppe Jlfengoni tj. ViVy 

294 7?ot<(r i3. 

On tile left !" iV--- '■ 

■Bto. BtefBBO I I" ■!'■ II ■' ' t"!'l«"llSlBtillgOf 

phuTcbee, rom^iiir s uiiii mural pahttiii^ t«i, 

Bruording to aji III i i Lit (oF which theie it « cojiy 

oil the BKlisriiir i.p III. ■■ n .1 I .iii 1. mciipying iliosito of « tomplo 
of Uia, Iia>i[if; prnlmMy hfr;u t'cniiiclBii in tha 5lli reiitittj. 'She 
uhiiTKhes are iinl iM tin the samo level, iho last llnviiig beeii unn- 
Btru«l«d HB & r,r)^t below chu flrst. The |!r«C cbaiub, oF 1 637, nanMina 
linthliiB nnleworthy. - — A i^hapel leads thenca tn tlie left littO Ba 
tecond nhurch (iidw miilergoliig ttltoratioti), *3. Stfolao, orlElDilty 
tlie BijpKalwp, Borrouiided by an ambulalory, anil BCBnted TorJIl 
present piiipflsQ before the year 1000. In the 12tb rent, th'a Minb . 
of St. PetroiiIuB was added in iinitation of the Holy SepulcTwa »t 
Jetiiaalom, and a brlrk mliimn iras plaicd adjacent tn Oaob of tll8 
aiitlqiiH marble Holiimns. The ambo with the symbols of tlio nvm- 
BelUts is of Ibe 9lh (!»itury. Over tbo altar are freaooes of the 16(h 
rent. Iiy an nnkuown master. — To the left is sitnated the Ikird 
church (also in ruiirsu of altoratioii^, that of 8S. Fictro e Pmlo, 
an ancient basilica, In which the last (column to the right of ihs 
altar has an antique Ionic sapital. Thu altar Adjoining the ehoir on 
■he left U a aarwphagus dating from the 9th cent., and contains ths 
bones of the inartyr 8t. Vitalis (d. 382). Above it. a Madonna 
with taints \i-j LuT.Sabbattno (i. iblT). On the right the mtdo- 
pbigus of Ibe martyr AgriooIa^Sth cent,^ the saint being r^reamit- 
ed with wiii|ts, between a i^lag and a ilou; above It a cmidflx by 
Simonc da Unlogna, surnamBd dt' Crucial" (14ih uoiit.). — We 
now return to the second cbnich, wheuoe the Hrgt donr on ths loft 
leads ns to the fourth church, the Alrio di Piiato ; in the oeutrall 4 
font with an inscription mentioning the Lombard king Lnltiirand 
(il. 744). Chapel on the left, Crudflxion by Frane. Friitula, To the 
right of tlip portal la the fiftk church [bolow the flrstl , dtlla Con- 
fesaionc, dating from the 11th century. — The aiith I'.hurah, dtSa 
Coittolatione, adjoins the Atrlo di PiUto on th<> right. — La<(ly, 
on tlio left, rises the tevtntli church, delta TrmJIit, lestiiin on 
pillws, iu the oentreof which is a actles of columnawtth llOnun- 
caguc capitals. Srd Chapel nn the right, an Adoration of the Magi 
in wood [14th coiit,~). — To the right the handsome clolstera f l!!th 
cent.l of the suppressed Ceieatlne monastery. 

The Plajia in front nf the church Mntaiiis several handsome 
RenaiEsance buildings. A side-street to the ri|;ht now lead* Ig 

B.OiovaaiiiiaMoiite(P1.15; n,r)l, one of the oldeet ohutUhM 
in Hologna, founded hy ,St. Petroniua" in 433, re-erefited In Oie 
Gothic style in 1440, and restored in 1824. It conststa nf j lO*^ 
~ h aisles and a short transept, and a fa^de and doffif 4f, 

'■' « 1 

!■ /VwIoSm™. Ifl29,.tiuv3 

At the beginiiine of the Strapa Maooihrii (PI. 0, IT, I, 4, 5"), 
'opposite the Torra Qsrlseiida, ot the comer of the Strida S. TlUlo, 
'is tho uhiircli of B. BaxtolommoD di Porta BaTeKnana (Fl. 3 ; Q, 4), 
.agiiidy doma-TOvarad churrli vrith paintings by Angela Cohtma, 
erected about IfiSO hy Amirca Sfcircftesi, Hnrnamed Formlghw, and 
kftorwarda hi part niodeniiaed. The 4tli altar on the right itontaiiiB 

tn Atmiindatlon (1632), one of the best vurks of Frani!. Albani 
16321, and ft Natiylty, and FliRhl to Egypt, by the aamc master. 
— The oppoaite Pnla^io, with the elegant window^ ajid the date 
1496, IB Bald to have heen deaigned hy FrsTic. Francla. — Farther 
II In the Str. MaRgiore, on the left, N. 344, !b the — 

FaJ. Sunpieri fpl. TO; H, 4), with the Insuriptton 'OalleTbi 
.Simtpieri' (admissiaii '/jfr.i, adorned with admirable frosoooa from 
the myth of IlErfiulcB by the Carrace! and Guercino. The cclebrBted 
'' eld piuture-gallety it once contained has been sold. The preiont- 
^llentlon {fftod tight iieceBsaiy) coiialata chlafly of works hy papila 
of Guldo Renl and Onerelno. Man; of the names In the written 
ealalogiie are arbitrary. 

Sni R. FresccKi on tin calling; "llerealea cinnlsndtne with Jnplleri 
' rieht wall.CcreiUBetlnePtDMnjiBC, hy Sod. Con'mv.. PiLlnri'- \\i. Hllm- 
«.r(aSirrmi, PuMl|T8. StnrKllim., Mudonnaanrt "nil"- f'l .",'.-.■■ -:'M«ini<, 

■KiHlonDU 78. J<mtt,. Carraeci, Old wuinan .piniiii," nl i: Ir -. .>n 

the neiline: Thnpivlb lo Yirlne li difaonll! ri'i . ■- Lv 

■llgbtnlnp, hHlh by Anna. Oarracd. Piolnn?, I II u,r 

'»nlaro.B! 164. Olympai, — 4lh B. Freacnes "ti iI- [iml 

■Atha. Wall nn the right, Hercules and Cuin'- ■■ i, .i. i. .., !,. :i,i, i,v 
^ffojii. Corrarri. Piclarei: 160. Omdo Beai. Cir«-; n.a, Ibrt, Ivinr-iiiln hy 

sillne- pain ling: Kemi]e«and Anlniin, by (iHtreiiM,. VCcturu : 342. Carractl, 
ad'inna: "Wi. Sahalir Sua, Sloim. — Slh R. CeU log-pal nfing: 'Ocnliia 
' 9trengt1>, hy OHrrcino. 
The adjoining House of Rniiint [P!. 711 ■">» ereeted hy the 
great oamposer In 1825, and adnnied wicb iiiscrlptlona fnm Gliwro 
and Virgil [recently matked by a tablet). 

AiSoTTir^. Marin aiServijVi. 35; I, 6), at the eomBrof tho 
Stf. Maggiore and Cartoleria Noova, erecled by Andrcn Manftcdl 
"n 1 3!)3 , with remarkably thin (loliimns planed *ety wide apart, is 
adorned with fresRoes (mneh damaged) on the ^ade, dating from 
the 17th Pentiiry. 

. iHTEnVon, (Ivor tbe hlgb altar, eiiinplFled by HonlorioU la IMI : 
Chriit Tl*eii tram tht Dui), and Mary and St. John, biOiivr (1.) AAaRi, Ir.) 
MoiM, at lbs hack thi: poriraii or lUe itqnop Ginllo Bori. Bl-I.iw Ihf 
Dall fnuonM hy Ouidn Rtni. 7th altir^on lUo lelt, ^tmswi.*- 


Eimtaoe with Iwii anEds. by VlHcctiiv Ono/W, i.jja. 

B. Tltale ed Agrieola (PI. ^f!-, U. i), in the ^tuda 8. Vitalb, 
was conaeerated iu 43B by St. Pttroiiiiu, snd leatoTHil in 187^. T1j« 
large ohapel on the left eoiiiauia au altar-]ii(ico frasered") by Fr. 
FT'iacia. SidE-froacoea nn the right repreaanting the AdOTStioil vt 
tlio Sliepherda iy Ft. Frmeia, on (he left the ConoepMon Hf 
Bagnieo^'iilo. — Oppaaite ia the Pulouo Ftmlttici, now Pfifrogair, 
bailt in ICOo from deafgns by Andrea Marehes! , anmamed Foi' 
migine, whlnh oontalna a eupoib staircase by P. Canall, 

The roost northern of the streets radiating from the leairlnj 
towers is the Stsada Luiqi Zamboni (PI, B, I, 4, 3] or S. DnnatD, 
to the right ill which is the effective and well -proportion od Pal. 
Mab'esa-MciUcl (PI. 61;), bnllt by Bart. Triachini iu IfifiO. FartliM 
on, in the amall Putoa Bossmi, which, is named after the ooIb- 
btated composer, who attended (he iielghbonrtiig Liteo Filarinoiiiro 
(VI. 41") in 180T-10, ia — 

*B.OiBOOinoMaggiore(;Pl. lit; 11,4'), founded In I'^iiT, insist- 
ing of a uavB with ba r rei- van 1 ting of 1497, with a poiti™ erected In 
1«3 by Gnaparo Nodi, and adorned with several escellcnt picturps. 

Over IhoaJlar, immediiitBly In the right of the enlrancp, ii <he 'VeritinB 

right: ffrtoJ.WoriiMiBi, CoDverti»ii of 8*iJ 1 am ChaVel, -Po""-Bi«, Ka- 
doDoa Enthroned, wiiH uinta and thH Aonor-, Ttb Chipt], HaRlage at SK 
Catharino. by /mmcmin da Imeta ()IM\ the gmn colour unfriHinuUC^ 

Cll^pcl, oreclfd by Ptlligr. Tibaldl, the Isaoher orCaTraccI, rati SteotUei 
by him wil.h fresFOFH. In Ilie Riruia ]bi^ (lunlingi of the BRBQrrwltDa, 

gild d II tb m ' U t lb 1 ri UUwaU, aUrgapalntad 

rufl B no d Jits 31 Th6h C*p. i)K'EEKTH'OBu:,erw|fl4 

a iSi a i b dd d ti3e>, eantaini a °]fadoiiW, 

wli h flAsae brtdie faiindei, the ban 

work F F m folio, leprueaUaB tkii 

Tri mpb left, and the Bomivoall Area (USSli 
I. 1135) by A 

Ih san S G 

atury -B Ceollia P II 4 

B* og Th fr by t la Ft. Frinciii, and their 

pupH ep h s nd S V an uid St. Cenilia (Nob. •! 

and 10 by Ft. frimela, 2 and 9 by Cotla, '3 and ti by (liaeoma 
FfojKin, 4 hy ChiQiiarolo, 5, 6, and 7 by AeptrlM). 

Oppoaite, on the loft side of the street, is the Fal. Afnlvtui- 
Cotnpciiiii (Pl-62), by Andrea and Jao. Mamhesi, with an InteretMng 
court. Adjacent ia tiiK PalaaoMagnoni-GuidotU. by Dom . TiAftllll, 
i677, with frascoes iii the tntutior hy Ihe Carracd, — Then Atf 


(I. 3), establisliea silinti 
,Q Celteai, with i nonrt by Triaclimi. After that o( Sulerui 
ts tlie oldeHt in Itslji, hsTing been fonndcd iu 111!) , und now poa- 
toMiB & stair of 50 profoaioTa nnd 400 Btudenla (conip. p. 286') and 
1 coiisldBfable number of aclantiflc Institntioiil (ollniciil hOEpifal, 
anktnmlnal tllestce, nstural hiatDry rollectionB, open ou Snndays, 
Iwtaiiical garden, and obnervatoTy). — II also eoiitshis ■ Mtiiaim of 
Anllipiitia, tbe keys al trbtctt are kept by llie bidello, or cnstodian. 

_Ulunib»riiuo. — Wo now pass tlitongli Iha uotelo the dght (ud be^on 
lbs rlgbtl: foor good antique capitals, wltb earttaen and leaden candniC- 
pipsa between tbem. Earthen dncrarj utd witb the battle of EteiKlea 
'-' Ful$niOBB |lbe al.mB acean la repeatDd eix llmesi the two winged 
.„ M are gods Uf deamj. 'Five marble flpiros, probably part of tbe 

from the waWr (Anadyumenel , ahova H a bakehonfle-,' 3.* aHyr with a 
, bof on liii shoniaeci i. Torio of a young (nlj-r; 5, Same Bnbjett, Be- 
a- . ■,. . r.._,n • -' - -e in armoiir. 6n the right and left uf 

be o^^^« 

Boniface VIIT., i 
;ut I ben fnnnd a 

lie AtatuetlFt, EIruacan mirrota (birlli of Athena, Hera wilL Ihe in- 

The «lHD9ive'LibnTT of IMHOO Tola, li open d^tv, ll>2 o'clock, ex- 
cept Sundays. Tho nldtiat of the HaS. la that of LaolantiDai nlan lettera 
from Tnllaln K> Fred, the Great, nlniaturee, etc. The celebrated llngniit 
OnHOVVuK/innc burn alBolngna 1776. dtea al^Iaplea InlStSi, prnfiitnHlr 
Df Orlunlol languages at the unlvenllr, waa onca Ubnrian here. At the 
age of 38 he ia a^d to have apolien 18 languages ftnentl}, and at the time 

clant itocumcnta on papymir, the Codei Diplomalicua Bonoatanqia in 44 

'ibt 'Sealaclaal Knaaun wai eatabllihed In 16T1 in an adjoining 
butldini-. Via Lntii ZaahonI WSO. under the auperintcndenee of PruA 
CaiK'llIni, wbo baa enrictaed tl witb Intsrea^gg foiaOa fnim the nelgli- 

coBimandi a good sBIrey nf tlie town. 
We next prooeed to the — 
'Aooademia dalle Bslle Arti (P\. 39 ; C. 3), eatabllahea <ii the 

old College of the Jeaulta. It oontaina on the (jBDVNn-FLOoa cnt- 
L lentloijs of easts and niodem works of art ; oti Ihu Fibst 1''tiU0K ()•) 
L a collertioii of weapons f OploUe'i) , comprising arms captured from 
I the Turks, VeiiGtians. etc., and (r.] a valuable 'Picture Qallery, or 
B Phiiicoteea , noiiaisting cMelly or woika of the tlologiieso School ar- 
'H ranged in eiEht saloons and rooms (open dally from 9-3 or 4, ac- 
B' nordlnn: to the seaaon ; admiesloii 1 fr.; on Halldsysgratit; catalaOMp 
■ fl" ■■ -.. . ^^ 


Each ptctura hears thci name nf the painter. .^ - 

e viaitor imbued with the modem tarta lox ftia\Wfli , . 
iluilfi of art, will OiiA little attraction iw fee ^iit^» i^ "ea^wT K 

29S Bcut, n. BOLOGNA. 

TUKMH Vrttrmt. wLioli furni iIik clilrf I>obi 
tlicHigli it wijold be iinMr ti> ■iepreiJsle tli« iindonbled tiilenf *|4 
skill ul [hcso I«lo msAteic, their workR ar^ uiisAtUfactary owing to 
the absenoo of any ilefinlta aim or iiidii^itiuu of progresB. and fnta 
th« obvioDB pains which havo tieen takvii to reprorliive tiilo tb«m«B 
ill (II iuteroatluK miinnoi. In tbo dupartmeiil of Uetm paiuCing 
the wurks of these Rologneae eulevtios (see p. 289) are itiMl 
llnniBrouii st Rome, but they ace admirably Tepresented here by > 
series or otl-pniiitlnga. We may Btst lueiition several workB by 
(iUlHo Rail, the most talented master iif thia school: No. 131. 
Mailoiina dellaPieta, remarkable for Ite muCcrty gioiipiug, wblish 
BKain roi^nra in No. 136, the CruciUsior, and which piioes tliese 
two pictures on n level with the flnest works of the iBth cent, in 
point of composition; Mo. 13!), tbe Slaughtei' of the Inuoeeuti, 
OTiceptloually hariDOiiiDuB and divided in cbarscter; No. 13S, ^ 
Andrea Ooraini, an eicellont specimen nf Gntdn'i powcn as a co- 
tourist; Mo. 142, a masterly drawing In chalks for the Hece Homo 
which was so popular In tbe 17tb cenCory. The most inteiestv 
iiig work of Lodovico Carracei 1b probably No, 45, the Katvvlty Itl 
St. John, Annihale Carranafs Madonna and saints (No. 36) hga 
(ho merit of stately archilectnral arrangement. The Communion 
of St. Jeromo (No, 34} by Agoatino CarraKi is very Inferior to 
llo man lohi no's treatment of tbo same subject in the Vatican, jyo' 
mr.nie1i.lno' a scenes of martyrdom nre fur from pleasing, bnt (teitf- 
f'mo's Madonna with the two Carthusian monks (No. 13) is a dt- 
votionnl picture of profound aentlmont. — The gallery also 
possesses seTeral valuable works of the EAaunn Fiiitioi> of Italton 
art. Thus No. 78, a Madonna by *V. Frnncia, exhlbite reatnres of 
niBomhlance with Perugino, who is represented here by one of Itli 
Hnest works (No. 197, Madonna and saints). We also obtaJn m 
good survey bere of the masters who wont oier from Prancla^ 
iohool to that of Raphael: thus, 304. Timnteo della Vite, Huj 
Magdalene ; 392, 90. Inaneawo da tmola, Madonna and saints, 
and Holy Family. — The gem of the gallery, however. Is Rafkahl'i 
St. Cecilia (No. 153), the Indelible impression prodaaed by wbUh 
is doubtless due to the master's unrivalled genius In exaldOg his 
Ugures into the regions of the anpematural, and yet mnking them 
hnmau and pleasing. Everything has been maturely considered, 
the broken instraments , the angels' song, the distrlbntion and 
graduation of the characters, — and yet tha picture appears u 
simple and natural as If it could not pnssibly have been arranged 

GosRiDoit A: IB. Querelnn, .loseph the Carpenter; 39. 40. 

An. Carmeei, Annunciation; 280. Elit. Sirnni, Mary MagdaletM, 

ConBrooB B : 64. Ft. Cnssa, Madonna, with S3. Petroniiu nd 

John (i474); *^91. itmoc. da Invita, Wl»4oniifc Kn.4.ras(M., wUh 

1(K, Ghlta, Sa. Hcter ai 
Michwi »nd Onbrtel, tba wings uf nii altar-pione (^no-w ntHfliu, ' 
p. 125) rram the iihiuch degli Aiigioli, with goml predellB ; 'W^ 
JZwjocnnrfw WoMfV), Martonm in » g«raen; I(i3, 139, "iOfi, 16J, 
,161, "JOH. AlUt-pioccB of tli(] 14th mid IStli ceiiCurieB, by Vitale 
L{i320), Stmone da Bolognti, J.ieopo Amttui, Anl. rhmrini, iiiA 
' BarMammeo da Mtirano (14B0). In tho glass r.ahinet bio sonm 
niellos, by *>«ne. t'raiuia. 

Go&H:Dnx D ; 392. Lor. Conta, Mailonni eiittiTniied anil two 
salntB (1491]; 2T5. AapAiiel Menffn, PuitTait of Clement XIII. ; 
■61, Cima da ContgHaao^ Madonna; 119. Q'rul. liugiardini, Ma- 
idonna and Child with John tho Baptist; •83. *>. Francln, (Jhrist 
inonniBd over by angels; 294, Ponlomta, Madonna; lUi. Parmtj/- 
gianlno, Madonna and Cblld wicli saints; 297, jlinica Aipertini, 
Adoration of the Unly Child. 

ItiK)HG: *I35. Gvido Rml, Maesarre of the Innocents; 1^2. 
Tiarinl, Entombment; 138. Guida Hcni, Madonna del Rosario, 
painted on ailk in 1630 (a, a proceBBion-flag); 'i3. U'urreino, Ht. 
Bruno and another Carthoftiaii worshipping the Virgin in the 
deaort; •137. fi. Reni, Samson, yiutorious n»or the PhilistlnBi, 
drinking out of the jaw-bone of an aBS ; 12. Gucninn, William 
ot Aqnitaine receiving the roito of the Order of St. Felli ; 'iafi. 
0. Kenl. Crnr.illilon ('CrtBto doi OnpnufiRini', the high aUsr of 
whoBO nhurth It formerly sdorueill; 308. DomtnUliina, Death of 
PptBT Martyr; *134. G. lieni, Madonna della Pietii, helow are 
8S. PetroniiiB, Carlo Rorromeo, Dominic, Frands, and Procilus 
(painted in 181G for the Town Connoil, who presented the painWr 
with a valnsble gold chain and medal, in addition to his Teinunc- 
rationV, 141. G. Beni, Madonna rntbroued; 140. G. licni, St. Se- 
bastian ; *f 39. 6. Rcni, St. Andrea Corainl. 

Room F: 371. Ft. FratKia, Madonna and saints, with the In- 
fant Christ above in the 'mandorU'; *Ai, Giac. Francin, Madonna 
and fonr aafnls, HJ2fl; 122. Nlccolti da Cnmnna, Entombinont; 
*7S. Fmneuea Frahetn, Madonna and Child, fom saints, angola, 
and the donor fl 494); "197. P. Perugino, Madonna in gloria, with 
the archangel Michael, BS. John, Gathsiine, and Apollonia; 79, 
FV. Fmncfa. Madonna with John the liaptlst, St. Jerome, and 
mgelB; 87. Qiac rVvincJu,' Madonna and saintB, and nuna; *214. 
Timolto Helta Vite, Mary Magdalene; '90. Itmn/^mtf, -U Imola, 
Holy Family and two donors; 85. Glacomn Fnmrhi, Midnnna jind 
saints; 89. ftinoivnio da Tmolii. Arohnngi^l Mi^'linf-l biiIhIimus the 
dragon;198. Vnaort, Ranquet otGregory I., l-'ijlh WK rr. rmnchi, 
Madonna enthroned, with SS. John the RHpti--(, .-<ii--|ilii'ri, lipurg... 
and Angnstina; 210. Old copy from Rup'^"-', Y^iunj: Si. .Inhn (a 
replies of the same in the Uflizi nt llorenne). 

••152, Raphael, St. rectlia BntTOnndeA \>t toat wCaw ^ito 
painted in iril3 on the commisaion ol eaTftvi\tA\J)tw\'S'o.'='*^' 

(n (Ub auDR. fit, Piitil, to her left, ia alfTsreQtlf affcsted. 
ucditltiiin, tie kIn ncDDU cgmplalBl; obliiiunB of tbc 
pleMinE nmtrasl tn lln'.-.' tnli flpurepl, Mary MugasUne, 

he ni;ur(!s and wull-laUneed discrimllUtiW 

« arraneBintnt of Uiu coloun. The gtru-mt 

rflud tir the yollow tunio of St. Ce^iifc 

u St. Ptul the predDBitBiuil tint ia tbMti 

(reoD undur-gBTmciif^ the H^t^dAlene^v drwi 

Ing duwn and blending of ths grauDO-llali 

lis Id tho bAokerouna, wbn thm fnlflfl (to 

u colnurlDg u Ihej dn witb respeot lu flU 

Giprewioii ana cumpuiiuiio . — l\of, A.Bprbiser't •Jtirffatt Had MicltelaBgllf. 

iSD. ISngnacariiUo Oifti^r Raphael}, Holy Family ; Go. ^^rOUC 

(.'urtu, Threo s(iiiitB(15tl3]i 81. Fr. Francia, Mailomia adortug IkD 

Cliilil, witli BailitB aad donoiB. 

KoomG: im. Tiurmi, NapttnUofSt. Catbajiue: 34. 
Carraeci, Communioii of St. Jerome; 207. DoTn/nichino, 
delttouiio; 5D. Oiacomo Cuueifoni, MtdDnnaiiiglory with«ainl«( 
37. ^nn, Carrier), Madonna with eniiiti; 2. ^[6uni, Baptiiol tt 
Chriat; *42. Lod. Carraeci, Madonna with SS. Uotalnic, FikneUr 
Clara, and Mary Magdalene, heing poitraita of mEmbecs of llie 
Baigelliiii family, at whoee coet the pit-.tnre was painted; W^, 
Dotncnichinn, MBityrdooi of St. Agnes; *36. Ann. CarraeeijXtr' 
doniiK with 9S. I.enla, Alexia, John the Baptist, FTsiinta, CUra^. 
and Catharine; 35. Ag, Carraeci, Aasumption; 47 Lod. Carriieel, 
Conveiaiou of Paul; *4q. Lod. Carraeci, Biith of John the Bspli^tr 
Room H : ITfi. ElltaheUa Sirmi, St. Anthouy of Padua; ilT> 
Miasolini , Mury and Joneph adoring tbe Child; 62. fVoneeMO 
Fnmclii, Pii'.tiire in thiee aeetlons, on tha left, the .^daratiOD ot 
the .Sbopliords, in the tiontre tLo Madonna and Child, on the HgiX 
thu L'rurili>.ion til a beautlfnl lands oape ; "iiS. G. Heni, Cll»lk 
Bkcti'li for tlie Efp.o Hmno} 74. Protpfro Fantana, Entonihmen*, 
In tlie centre: 3(i0. Iticcui!) Ahitma da Foligno, Madonna ■dor*- 
Ing the Child, with the Annuimiatien on the bauk, preaenied fc^ 
Pius IX. In infilj. — BooiCB 1, K, and L contain uioilero pieiufta.i 
Traversing the Knrgo della Paglla. we next reach the Pdt. 
BenlhogUa (PI. SB; n,3~J, ereiMil by this powerful family In llw 
' IStli cent, oil the site of theii Kneim\t mansion wht^h was iteatior^ 

imder Jnliaa 17. — A Htlle to fteft."W ., \tt &t'?\(ji,i,>.%,- 
CPl. 6, 3), is slhiateil Hie ohwrc^ ol — 

S. Mie\ilt In Boneo. Rol.ciiiNA. 

8. Kutiita X^gioie (PI. 2(i'| , a Cariut^l 
I -the Oothin style. 

tM Cb(.pel no the loft : Enlbraned HAAonnB nil 
III ingsLi by Fmndai Olh aH«r lln Ihe left, AsBOJnplinn 
J Gill iilUr (m Uie rielit, Hulunna and minU liy MptrliH*-. 

I rieht, O.n.1. f^,fp.-, Adnrallnn of llie Mag!. 

t fm tlie N. sirte of the town , within the walU, i 

I Pnrlii Oallleni, whinh leaiia ta the station, riaea the slight ei 

-- KontagiiDla (Pl.ii, 1), eouverted diiriiiK the ttrat French on- 
L eapatien. into a promenade. Pine view of the Inwn, wit1i the villsa 
Lon the spurs of tlie Apcniitnea In the fnregmnnii. The Otuoeo dl 
IPatlone (PI. 76, p 2i^T) is sitnateil here. In 1848 the AuslriaiiB 
F-irere tttankeil here by the Boingnesc and ROmpelleil tn evannate the 
<Mi the S. Is the- Fianui tTArmi. — New pnblifl PUmnATt 
Grauuils (Glnrdini M-iTyhtritrO iiave lietn iaiii ont lietween the 
IVirta Stefann [PI. K, 7) and the Porta Castiglionc (PI- O, 7). 

About '/a M. beyond the Pobta S. M^^xaLO ( PI. E, 71. ou the 

Slid mad to the right, aiid near the Out Miiighetti . is situated the 

church otS. Maria, called MaturiiUa, nuiitalniriR Harly ItDiognoae 

1 freseoes of little importance. Abont 3y^ M. farther, on a height 

the left or the road, riaes *8. Miohele in Bouc (14BTJ, mine 

,n OllTetaa monastery (suppressed in 17il7], now a royal ntiiteau 

f Vitlii Eenle/. In the chnrch are remains of frescoes by Btigna- 

eimnClo and others. The ninrt is adorned with finely exenuted 

•Frescoes by the Carrafei and their pupils, from llie history of St. 

I BenediRt and St. Cecilia, but unfortunately muoh injured. Fine 

, ylew(flab, seep. 287); attendautl fr. 

Outside the PoBT* S. Isai* (Pi. B, C, i) , at the W. enil of the 
'Wn, is situated the "Oartoia (formerly a Carthusian iiLonastery), 
ected in 133;) , and oniiaeerated in 1801 as a Campo Siinlo. The 
iilu In it ia by the principal road ftam the f;atB after 9 uitn a 
UBS 1 dicataa the way (n tl e cen etexy wl fch la rearhed in ft mill 
ore — From the Porta Saragniia the Campo Hanto is read M bj 
illowine tie ar ales nf the Uadoi i n II S I a to the pflint 
where th > |. 1 I i tl t I ll r. nglit — 

In the Via di Sariu/oita, lending to the Porta SAOAsazEt (PI. 
B, 0, fi, (51 in tlie 8,W. corner of the town, etauds, oil the left, 
the PnUiao Alhersnti (_Pl. 60), built by Peruiii in to40. OutBide 
the gate, on the Montt delta Ouardia, an eminence 3 M. tu 
S.VI, of Bologtii, rises the hsudBome pilgriiuage-iiliuroh of the 
•Hadoniia di B. Lnoa, erecte.l "by Dotti in 1731, ao called from 
iiioient piuturu of thBYirgiii asKribed to St. Luke, ami brought ftoni 
Constantinople in 1160. The hUl is ascended by a eerii^B of Ar- 
eadeif oonsiBlIng of 63-') arches .with uumernui rhapele, nnnstruMed 
!n lUTO-lT^y, and I'/n M. in length. They begin a Bhurl wiy 
beyond the gate and aend a branr.h to the Canipo Santo (aae above^ 
Iteiiiiultnbly Une *ViBW frum the anuiiuit, entending from the 
ApHiininea to tlie Adriatic, parttualarly from below the porttl of 
the chnrch and from the new inlrennhinents. The mnf of the nhncch 
1b also an admirable point of view, hut the narrow dtalrcaae without 
railingB reqiiirua a steady head. Cab in the foot of (he hitl I '/^ h 
(^thenra W the lop a walk of '/a lic.l; the nharge for driring in ili 
top ts Ifi-aOfr, Lfwn hotsBB ri'qnired). This exi'nrsion may 1) 
combined with a visit to the Cauipo Kantn. 

44, From Bologna to Savoiina. 

Th« train follows the direction of the an'^lent Via j^mlHa 

, (p.'Jr>4|, and travetaos a fertile plain. To the right In the distanne 

ptao the Apennines. — 41/3 M- *"" Laaaro; T M. Mirandela; 

lO'/s M. Quademiu ID M. CagUl 8. FitLn, with a ohiteau boilt 

by tlLQ Hulngnbsu In the litthnent., on thsSiUtirB. 

21 '/jM. IxiuAafH. MnTfoj, on the j^mlnno, an aninent town 
with upwards of 1U,U00 liihab. and the seat of a bishop alnce 422, 
Was thL' Koman Forum VanKlii, named aftar its foundi>r L. Curnollua 
Sulla, but is mentioned by Pislue DiaconiiB, the Lombard hlatorUn 
'iF the period of Charlemagne, as Imolat. After many tiRissitndes 
the town was incorporated with the States of the Church by Fope 
Julius II. in irri}!.). Imola was the birthplace of St. P^trns Chr^- 
Bolo^nn, archbishop of Itatenna (d. 449), whoso tomb is in the 
cathuitia] of 8. CasBtano. llie painter tnnooenzo da ImOla (Prsn- 
ciioci. b. 1006; p. 269) was also a native of Imola. The train 
then crusaes the fimUrnn. 

20 M. Castel BolOKneaelpoar restaurant), an ancient stronghold 

of the llolognese, constructed in 1.180, where the Klorontlima aiidet 

NipaM iln TohTltillQ a.ud Uaitamelala were di-feated by the Hl- 

iMiiesf urnler I'icnininoin USil. — XUWtik] i,>™TOfti Wmi« in An-. 

\ieona, aoti liutdtlttr's t^cntfttl Itnl^). 



^^^ / 1 


"Jk ,J5£^ M 




'l -, ' 






f — " T7S=TE3=r«^ 

From tl gutiuii u fro l nf whi h a stdtue to ttie Ilalian 
pUriot L ( titan Dirtilui of litnilu ii 1%II u « erenMd In 
lK7a lliu SIrirf n' Wit >(eii,ione an I Sir ul i lifl « nle lesd stFuf^ 
to the PiuzA. Maoqiobr r ow V iltorio EavHmrU \\\ D, 4 ), in tiie 
aentre (f th« town, nliitli li wM V» correspond uitli thp sncimit 
FonirH SRiiatnrinni. It is adorned with twolnfljr p«1oii.ii9 of gmiiile 
d by UiB Veiictiuiis l[i 148!i, ami benriiig Btutuna of SS. Apol- 
llnads ujd Vitalhi, with a statue of Pnpu Cltiucrit > 
aiij a colonnade of eight colnmns nf granite , Buppoevd to have be- 
Iniiged 'to a biiaiUca Greeted or roitoted by Theodorir. Ueyuiiit tliti 
Plan/a U the — 

Piatttlta dtlC Aquila [V\. I; 0,4), with a granite aAumn 
Hfd with an uaglo, ereflted til IGtHI lo Cardinal Qi " 

Tile Strada del Ddo mo leads hence to the CatiiedlBl (PI. 10; 

I O, 5) ofS. Otio, It Brwtlicn UTslnnn, a\mnBl entirely rebuilt by 

' ibb. GaWfioW in the ISl.h ceii^. w ftie «\.le o^ ». c'nmOB.tA^Jw 

It 400, and Ronsiating of uave and niBles \vitli transept 
iihtcil by s dninE Iti the <ieiitre, and a roiiitd oampanilD. 
iHtminH, Snfl Chapel in Ih* right: Hareophufnj nf 88. " 

KeginJa (I.) 
-^- — with 

ihe rensiiu , 


JrUli flRare. a 




■wHlft in thfl 


tulile, Bre acv 

8th «Bl., ^rw 

41m £uifai' Colii'df 



gvilh bunlleh of 

Ihe cnlre In 

[ronl, t 

a fw 



urricd oir d 






Ted bf Uiu uisQl 


.■bn hr Quid 

tT his ptlpUj 


AfcbbiibDp a 


B right H iUver Grt 
in the 6«1 centory, 

e right and left, and llie 

. :riit;, to the ri>!lit, "Elijah in the deHsTt, 
11} hy Onido Xenl. Tho chupcl of Ihe Holy 
sIdb ihe ■Felling of the Hkrins, 

The -rBaptilteiT fPl. 6; C, d'), 5. Ohmanni In Fontc, oiBaUiifero 
Hegti Ortodosal, Bdjoinliig the Rathedtal, pTobahlf also founded by 
St. Utsiifl (_i. 3961, and dedicated to John the Baptist, la an oota- 
pmal Btrinitnre, with two Kruades in the interior, one nbove the nthar. 
The cupola ia denorated with remarhatil]' Sue 'Mosiiia nf the 5th 
cent., the mnet ancient at Ravenna, repiesenting the Baptism of 
ChilBt with ttie river-goil of Che Jordan and the twelve Apostles. 
Under these runs a hroad (ricxe. on which, between the gTonps n( 
light columns, are ropreBBiited tour altars with tbe open books of tho 
gospels, and thronns with erosees. The upper arosdes of the wall 
>rc adorned with Bgures of prophets, and enrlchtneuta in atlic.aa. 
On tbo lower section of the wall are admirable mosaies. The large 
font In white marble ia of the 5tli iientury, with the Original iii- 
Boription! of dedication inside. It Is intended to raise the levp! of 
tho whole building cotisidarably by means of machinery. The Cus- 
todian lives by the Cnvpella Gluflma radjoining the Cathedrall, 
whiv.h unutains a llirrhic vsse. 

The Arohiapiuopal Falaee (PI. 29 ; G, n*), to the R. of the 
cathedral, posaessea a square vaulted *Chapel of the 5tli century. 
The vaulting is adorned with ancient mosaics representing saintn, 
completed in iil7 ; lu the centre, on the groining, four 'Angpls 
holding the mnnngram of Christ ; uiiiter them Che four Evangelists ; 
in the oenlre of the arches, Christ, The Madonna and twii saints 
over the altar, originally in the oathedral, are of the Htli century. 
The ante'room coutaine ancient Insorlptions, chiefly of the Christian 
period , the tnrso of a magistrate in porphyry, and a relief with 
cbildten from the lomplu of Keptune. The episcopal Anhlaeii 
oompriae sboiil 25,000 documents on psite^tneW, 

On the Tight, at the beglniriiiE ot t\iB S-ttoAi to. *5.»s.w(.\™S™-'»- 

iinrlriliU hy tiicR I^ORirAi |c1. IRBUh r<e'ar>H by his mn Watieiwa.' > 

lu^u mnoleDt muenlo fnanil nsjir avue. — On Ihe Uvi-ek Pwor k uiV 
leillUB a! subi, amnng tlipm a bust ur Si. Apolllnirii hy TMarvaldimi 
•Tiimbiil'iBe with rcDnmbEDt hI]lIu« nf Onldirclln Gnldwelll. 'gngrrlec Ri- 

iruHi CuiuiTft'n Blndln; Endymlon, ti; Canara. 

Ill fhe Strads dl GUsse , No. 192, is the eeculsrl^d Cami1- 
dulenBtjin Honasteiy of Claua fPl. 7 ; D, 6~), noiv oonupled b; tbe 
Anartemy. The Bfttiofwa CDniuna(<(llret floor; aiimiHslon ii»ll|f, 
10-2, esoept on Sundays mrt holiiiiyal, foundeiJ in 1714 by tlie 
A-hbato Canetl, oantaiiiB npwaiils of 50,000 vots. and 700 HSS. 

At tho ODtnnoe ti> Ihc library leictai BnmBii and CbrlBtian intcrlRlinni 
and Bculplures are huOt Inln Ilia walls, ineli as a giigd r^mals hnad, (ba 
(arcophasiu of a child, wiili iBteifsttng repTeiEnlaUuBi, perluiK ChrleMali. 

Jttmas the H.KLXioBiFTa. ia tbe uelahralEd MS. of Ariilopliana ot Uw 
lOUi otnl., one of Danir of 1369. anolhet by Pialro Damei leMon of 
CVm™ of tho laili CBnl.; eonimentary of BtfcmiiKi da Imela: prayorinWlC 

(p. 30I)> LhB wooden cfifBn wbleb wniained tbe Knainl of Hie mU 
noiil, found In ISOfi in the Buaixe of resiiarches IniKnitinl oa tha fltb oaB- 
ianary of hlrth) rare i'dltloaa, inch aa tbe CeonMtt <•/ BBniraetVltf,, 
urinlad hy Funl al RlraiibDre Ib 1485, and a nniBh«r of •tdltima iiiit' 
dfti'. ThFro li also a Kniall oollecllon of objecU in ivorg. Wotiu, —* 
eoiat nf the ponei. the Uedicl. and the Halatesta, the pofdn oramuM 
the behnel ot Kinp: Odoater (?), etc. (aU ahown ertluilainly). 

The old Srfectory of the CatnaldnlersiaTiB ("shown by fln 
KUBtodian. DT hy the aacristaii of St. liomuald, door to the rif^l 
opposite the rofentoryl oonlaiiLa the Marriage at Caiia lii freaeo, by 
Imbii Biid Franctseo Longhi, and some fine oartlng on the door. 
— Tho allars of the monastery-church of S, RumunWo are riehly 
tlenocated niib rare and beanrifal luarbles ; in the 2nd chapel on 
the left St. Romuald by Gutreino; 3rd cbapel on the left, ■ beaa- 
Itfiil niborinni (with landelabrum and cross from the satristy^ III 
tapis laiiiU, freei^oes by LonskL 

B. SieMl6 (PI. 21; D, 81, buiU by Arnhb. Serjj-iua in ' 
fdoBed I. ROiiuins numerous vb'"I>"f;9 by tho Auguatlniaii m 
Padre I'aaTt Prnnli and by Frnnceaco Jo Cntignatn. 

B. Ag&ta CPl. 3; D, 0; entrance in the Vis di Porta SIsl nr 
Muniiil, between Not. 96 and 97), of the 5th cent., coiisUtliig of 
nave »nd aisles with a voatlbula, oontaina flue oolumna of mtible. 
No. 295 in the same atreet, not far from Ibo Piaiita S. Francewo, 
was once occupied by Lord Bj/ron fp. 3041, as the niemorlgl tablet 

8. Fiutcesco fri. 12; D. 51 is said fo have been founded by 
St. PetruB ChryiologuB abont the year i50, on the site of a temple 
of Neptune, bat Is now entirely moieTOiied. 

Tbe Jkts«i<1b rjiinnldta of nave and b\t.Vii, -wWfc "ft «S«inm nt uAQiuea 
a»rble. Vnpleitliig modern tciline- M >^6 chVtmm. «ib «evim\ «-■ 

^Pl Tomb. RA.VENNA. 

■IJ- R»ul 


Bteli UB IhG right Itinl <-f Ofltuiir} da F 
Sf BnHm AIDeH. wbn died in lUH u e 
he riehl the >iirii<>phi>eiis iif Iho Hehhlaho 


tsln) t 

ttii- I 

Mjuiiiiiigthe dinruli iii DkatB*! Tomb I^Pl. 11; D, 5; cloacil, 
keys si the Inwii-hsll ; bat it miy be seen throug;h the ^m). The 

■ poet died at Kaveniis, where he oujayed the protection dF Ouido di 
PoletLta, on 14th Sept., 1321, at the age of 56, mid wm liilerrod 
in the ehuriili of S. FraiiPesra. In 1482 Hem»rdo Bombo, tho 
■Venetian governor ftsther of the celebrated Cardinal Bembo), 
dSDBed the present mauBoleuni (o be orected from deaigna by Pietro 

' Lombardi, and It was aubaequently restored In 1692 and 1780. It 
a square structure with a dome, embellished with medallioiiH of 
Yirgil, Biunetto Lsttni the poet's maatet, Can Grande delU Soils, 
and Ouldo da Polenta his patrons ; opposite the entrance Ie a ~ 
length relief of Dante, and below It a larcophagua, a marble i 
which now containa the poet's remains. It bears an epitaph 
buted to Dante himself: — 

Jura Mmiireliial, Svpmi, P/iUgeOuala bfcui^e 

Atulctaremgue sawn ptUit felidor atlrii, 
QHm ptAuil fani Ftormela malir anwrit. 
The TlaitoTs' book formerly kept here, and now preserved at the 
ilbrary (p. 306), contains the following be autifol lines (Pnrg. il., 
(00), written by Pope Pios IX. when hereon a visit In 1857; 

A marble slab opposite the tomb indicates tho site oni'C nccu- 
.pied liy the palace of Quido da Folcnta. 

S. Michele in AffricUeo [PI- 30 ; D, 4), erected In the Gtli cint,, 
at now destroyed with the exception of the apse and the cloak- 
iwer. sllll Gontaius fragments of old frescoes. 

Thn Torre del Pubbtleo (Pi. 44; D, 8), a little to the N., is a 
aquare leaning tower, of which the history la obscure. 

"I. Ifommieo {PI. 9), ■ basilica In the vicinity, founded by the 
;ba and subsaqueiitly restored, is adorned with paintitlgit of 
Nlceolb Rondinelli of llaveiiiia. — Near PoiU AdHana is the piiaor- 
esqno little church of S. Oiovarmi e Paolo (PI. 14 ; B, 3, 4), with 
an ancient tower, square below, and round above. An ambo In 
the interior resembles that In the cathedral (p. .SD5). 

•8.Vitaa8fP1.5;C, 3) was eretited til 163S during the reign of 
Justinian by Archb. Ecclesiua on the spot where St. Vltalia suffered 
martyrdom, and was coiisecraled by St. Maiimlan in 547. It served 
. as a model for the uhnreh of St. SophU at Cons.Vmftno'^fe 4>>6^?™. 

■ lu 0313), and also to CharlemaEne tai the ortVimV ot tA-».Ai.-S?!a| 

pullo. Tlic church is oclagonat [ST'/j yils. iu diameter), vitll » 
choir, thiuQ'Slded on the i>£teTior, a.iid rounil Iti the interior, added 
to it oil the E. eide. 
hy eight niMSlvs pilliini Into a CBnlrtl space with apMsage (inmnd II, 



with pair 

uF mtvm 


rur which Hses tha 


of Mr 

Mto's. lath 


iodowa In 

ae aooiB 

by a muinim 

wer parta 



ei wTlU 'iho 

l^orfelLl coating 

of rare 


). The m 

em«Bt h»< be 

mora tb 

n 3 ft., a 

> In Cosmadin {p. SOS): Chriat eiilhrODi!d an tho f 
lei; on the Tight Si, Vitalli, ud on thalrjrt Bcclriiua 
. Balow, (I.) Emp. Juglinlan with the blabop Uaii 

iaria In Cosmadin {p. SOS) : Chriat ei 
h aidei " - - ■^ — - 

rch ilieir. 

ourt, both preiienllnB ofToringi. ^Iho arch of the ohoii 

, 11.) Ui« four SVUB- 
iromiah itudinE, (r.) Mosai u a ahepbod. 
ivint; bl> undali at ihe bnminE biuh( (I,] 
Law ; on the right. In the central loena, u 
Bt the (>id<;a the hlnod-ucrince of Abe] wd 
linedech. On tbo loft in the cantro, a laUe 
: Dntartninedb; Ahrihatn, Sarah at bsdovr, 
e arcbway busts uf Chnst ( CEpaintedb tk6 
d E^Dtaiiiii, sona of S. Vitalia. Oo tluiUih 


..^,...,16. reDrespnr.ine nis tnruna wim sneiis. tnnent. anr" — "^ ^ 

Neptune, repreicnting hi^t thrune witli sbcllFi^ trident, and genl& f^ 

lacriety a 'Soman Xelu/, the Apolheiiqis of 
K»nia ii obMFred sitting nn the left; neit to her ia Julius Ctelar, «llb 

with victima, fimning part nf the same work. Oppnciie aro early ChrUtiM 
nllefn: DiniEl in the lions' deu , Cbrilt imparting a hlcsfling, aad Iba 
KaiaiBB of Laianii (Tth cont.)- 

To the N., at the hack of the cliiiToh, ia the Monvmenl of IIU 
Examh I»aae (^PI. 42 ; C, 3 ; d. 641% consisting of a sarmphagiig in 
a amall locesB with a Greuk inseription, ^s^el^tell by hia wife Susanna. 
Adjacent toit are aeyeral olliet ancient inanriptions. On tlio ripht 
a Koinin warrior Iti relief. 

The eustodian of 9. Vitale also keeps the key of — 

•8. Hanirio a Celio (PI. 2B; C, 21, the Mmunlemn of OaOa 
Pluoidia, fonnded about 440 by that Eniprfss, daughter of Thco- 
ilosina the Oreat and mother of Valei>liiii;iii 111. The ohuiDh 1> In 
the form of a Latin ctobs, 49 ft. lotig, 41 ft. hruail. with a dome. 

The Ititebidb ]■ adorned with beautifn] 'ItaiaUs, on a dark blue 
ground, of the atb cent.: In the dome the Bymlioljof the foar EvaagelUt*? 
in the fonr iruhes eight apostles (or perbaps prupbeta). beiweas wUeb 

the Capitol); under the Taulting of the riKht and left tnuepi Mv On 
other fiiur aixiiitieB |!| in (dlded moulu; between tbeiD are »«t >t n 
apring. Oyer llie door Is Christ as a youne shepherd; oppdalts II tLa 
trlampb of Christian faith, In which Christ (repreaenled here willi « 
beard) In cominSUiBg lii the llaniBS an open \«uV., v'ol'ably here^ealf Dm 
ndj'efat cAhiaet cunltiiiui the gojpelt. — Ttae AlUir, ™Bft«tfuAi« taaw- 
Jiareot OrlenUI Blcbaatep anf intanfteft W ^^ VfliauVwiMii M \>i^*A 

the ein]i«roM ot ucient Bomx whicb 

S.aiOTaiuilBattiaUlPL 13; D, 3), with iin sTiali^t rouiiil tower, 
erected by Gatla PUcidia in 438 for her nnnfessor St. Barbnlisn, 
waB aliiio«t eiitiriily Tc^motlelled in 1683. T)i« columtid nf llie iii- 
terior hulDJig to tlie ocigUial diurcli. 

Tc) the K. the Straija di Porta .Serrats leads tu the left through 
a gutu tti thu Rotunda ( p. 810 ), and to tho riglit W Ihn b*ailii5a uf — 

8. Spirito H'l. 'iSJ, or S. Tendotl), erented by Theodorin foT the 
A(}ui bishnps, with t, vestibulB at tlie W. eiKrinoe (portal, i6th 
cent.), HTid adnrnnd witlr tourteen nDliminH uf uuloureiL marble III 
the iiiteriur. The saiiristan aUo keopa the key of (he adjauMit — 

*B. Haria in Counedin (PI. 'SI), unue aii Arlaii baptlattry. 
The nctagunal tlnme was adorned with 'Moaaiia in the 6th cent., 
when ItbenaDie a Uooi. Cath, chunih. On thu duiue tliu Baptism o! 
Christ, uu the lel't, the rlvidr-god i>f the Jiir.l»n, snirounded hy the 
tweWe ApoBtlBB. The walla are towered with half obliterated frea- 
(Mws ot last century. The prusent pavemeTit is aliullt 7 ft. above the 
original ktel. Several Arian urosaea are built into the walla uf the 
entranfie nonrt on the left aide. 

S-OloTumi Evuigeliita, oi 5. Qioviinni lUUa liagra(Pi. i, F, 4; 
if doited, knORk at th« door), near the rail way-elation, creeled in 444 
by the Kinpreas Ualla Plnr^idia In Ronaequonoc of a vow made dar- 
ing a voyage from Ciinataiitliiupio, has also lost its aiiolent moaaies, 
M)d much of its interest uwiiig to alterations. Above the *PurtBl, 
«onttniiited at the end of the 13th or beginning of 14th nent., are 
Mliefa In allUBlon to the foundation , - - ' 

vatiuiis have shown that the rwitt 
formed the allium of the edlHce. 

AupiHlini!, and ietuma, hv Uialla (wbu had conis lo lUvenna' un a vial! 
in bis (rlsDd Daniol. In Ihs clnud oUtpel to tbs left of lbs cbolr an.> 
aimn tuniuDi iit iild tfauie Pntmrtl, reuFuentlne the sluru tu wtaleh 
UaUa Plaeiilla ivas cipuntd, un lli^ left, and llguru of animali on Die rlittit. 
"B. ApoUi&tne Haovo | PI. 3 ; E. i, f>), a buslllca eieeted about 
£00 by Theodorie the Great aa an Arian cathedral (S. Martima m 
Ihrlo mirtn), waa afterwards converted (STOj hy the Archbiahiip S. 
Agnello into a Kouian Cstholio rhiireh, It has borne its qiskcv-^ 
nameainftii the 9th cent., when iUh leWw ii^ v\.u »a\\\\.^ctB vit-w^ 
ferred hither from Claese. 

In tlie BBDie v p tu h A re te 

fnw soanty rem in g li P T P 39 

E, B), ill whiiih tho emrelis btiiI the Lombard klnt's siihsaijufntly 
resided. Thesa ri^lirs Ruiislat uF a high wall nmwiied with elgllt 
Biimll ralumtia of marblo bearing rouiiil arches, with s liiiiiple g*te- 
way below. Thu coliimiis uid tn^aeuras of art uC tliis palauv were 
lemovcii til Ikrmany by CharlHUagne. To thu right of the prilini' 
pal liuiir, ill the wall , ia a [lorphyry veitBi^l, probably UMde a. bath. 
brnughl here in 1564. The pala™ itself purbaps atuml in tbe ail- 
Jai^eiit Straila tli Albemiii, excnvalioiiH in whinh have bronglft tn 
light Tli'h miiKain pnvemoiits of thu &th tienlary. 

.S(ill farther un, near tLe Porta Nilova, is H. Xann in Focto 
(HI. Ift; V. Ii|, ..ttiitecl in luMfrom the teninanla ,i{ tliu Baaillna 
S. Liirriiii> 111 Cfsarea, iwnsisliiig of nave anil alslfE with transept 
anil an oi'tagonal ilume, snii bomi: by rolumHR ami piltara placftd 
sldmately. The r.huir coiilalUE an andcnt vase in purphyry. In 
tilt! N. transept Is a vucy aiiuient marble Ugure of the Virgin In the 
Hjianline style ^tith cent. J. br>nighl fmm the nhlilcili of S. Maria 
ill Porlo fuori. 

About l/t ^- ^1" ')>B Porta Seriata U sitnateJ the *Sotoi>to 
(Pi. a, 1), the Miiuaoltum of Theodnric ilie C/Te<it , ui S. Matia 
ddta Rotoniia, as it was called after the remains iif the lieretio 
weie hnatCered and the church benalne a Rodi. Catholic place at 
worxhip. Ill order tu reanh it, we take the road t<i the riglil, alimiftt 
immediately after quitting the gate, and croas the railway, tieyoljil 
which Ihe tonib in seen to the left, shaded by poplars I key at 
the house, 3U r..). It win probably erevled by AmalHsiiittha, the 
eoiperot's JangJiter (^abuul 530). The snbutninliite ia iif duiugotial 
slape, a/iJche nhiiriih is coieied -wlA »tl»xftiivfte«^?KiK*n.dlfc- 
BgeBflr, consisting of a single hiiga War^i ot \*\.-^m\ lotii., ^f«&;'B> 

KAVliNKA. ifJ. kim 

The suliitruiMiire, Willi il 
Lt1|r been half under watec ; tlie upper put is approoahed ' 
doable atalrcsue of marble, added ill ITUO. — A ploaaailt w&lk 
may bo taken iimiid the wilU of the town, and partly upon them. 
■s they are nuw nearly level with the ground. 

Tbe Oimilrn, wliiob lies niihin ike prBciDcU nf l)ie FIneU (p. 312), 
li ronclied trom the Rulunila in i/ihr. by tnliuwlng IbD Canal Navialin. 

About 2y,t M. ftom the Porta Nuova in the nhurch or B. Harla 
in Torto Fnori, a ba^ilii'a with open loot. ereated by liishop Oiiesti 
.l_tnowii ta 'II Peeiiatore') , in amaeq^uence of b von made during 
a Btorm at sea iu 1096. The left aisle containa the EurwphagilB ut 
4he fomidei, of lllU. Thu choir and the two adjacent chapeU 
eontatn auEieiit i'nicoeB from the life of Mary and thit Saviour, 
erioneou^ly attributed tnOiattn, and now muRh damaged. It ia 
Buppoaed that thlB spot waa formerly the aite of the old baibouT, 
and that the maedive subatruclure of tbe cloet-tower belonged 10 
the llgiiihoUBe {{iro). (A Yiait to this church, which however is 
of no great Interest, and to S, Apollinare may conveniently be com- 

No tratellei ahould quit Ravenna without visiting tbe church o( 
S. Apollmarc in Clusae, situated 2'/2 M. from the I'orta Nuuva (^narr. 
aeep. 303). About 3/4 M. from the gate a small marbid Mhiinfl 
suimounted by a Greek, crua^ iLii Cruceita) marks the f'W' "I' lh>- nn- 
oieut basilica of 5. Lorento in Cesarta, the last relic nl <!>'' t.-n. l- 
■bie town of CfleaaTta (p. 303), which was reuiLi^.-.l in !.> >.;. 
About 1/4 M. farther, the Ponte Nuovo oro^fea' Chi> unn. ■! <:■.■■.• 
Banco and jUonlonc, the confiuence of which is higliti ii^i. | I'.i" 
fore the bridge la crossed, a path leads tu the lefi in '20 iiiin. to 
the church of S. Maria in Porto, the lofty tower of which la seen 
from a disUnce.) The road then traverses mirahy meadows to — 

*S.ApoIllsuB iuCIuia, erecteil in 534 t^ Julianas Argenlartiu 
on the site of a temple of Apollo, coiiBecrated in 549, and teitored 
''In 177il. This is the moat impoahig Of the basilicaa stilt existing at 
tUvenna. It Ronalsts of a nave and aisles, with a vestibule at the 
W. end, and a round campanile. 7'he exterior exhibits traces of 
an attempt to relieve the surfaeea of the walls with pilasters and 

anhbUhuiw ut Itavitiiiui, an mlxuken acriEB ut 126, frum tlia Drel Uitbup 
fit. ApolliaarlB, who aulTered tnartyTdum ia 71 aniler VuflpasiaD, to the 

Emsnl arvhbliligp. Eaub aide Duiiuinn four marble aarcupbagl uf arcb- 
IsbniM. — Tbe Cam, • ipnciel uf ourPidur in wblch tbe reuiaiiu uf 
tit. Apiflllnaiis unre eepoieil, is in wiDltrnuinetiDuu uiuler walur. — Abuve 

:<1 1'ine-Foreal of Raverma, uc Ift Pineta, probBbl; 
the moat veiierible an>l extensive in llslj, which has been extoJIed 
by Dantf, Boeeuecio, l^ryilen, Byron, and uthei poets, begins a littlo 
beyMi 1 II •! hur h uf S Apoll ante and exte is Cor manj milCB 
alung tlie rand to Ulm ni aa far » terxla IF the truveiler prolong 
hiti exur^u f i 1 /j hr bejoiil S Ap< III are ho uiay driva 
thmugb the (STLr \triMi icy of ihi- fon:Bt | Ihe w) ole drive tO 
S. Apolli are the PI eta, a I b Maria Fu ri u4fiv>RB abtrnt 

Abuut 2 K n n a na b bDak t 1 c R a u , risu 1^ fV- 

imu di fra<t U fa> nr It h April, 1013^ 

by the an «1 n \ )• . an '■ ' ■-■•- -' "<— — 

45. From Bologna to Florence, 

H2 M. H..iL»». in Ji/rO brj. (.lama Uff. KB, lOK. 15, 

Holign.i, si^e p. '^Sli. The train tktrts the slupeu uf the 1l 
dells (iuaMia (p. 3(J2j, near the jSino, vrlili^h it timn rrossea. Un 
ui iaUJid 111 the Ueiio, not far rmm Uologna, tlie Secood Tljnm- 
vir»te -WM conuerted by OirtavUii, Anwiiy, and l.epidus, B,0. 4^ 

il/s M. BoTj/B Pnniynle: B M, tlamUcchUi, nhere the Vri|«y «f 
the Beui) mntraMs. Uere on 26th Jnne, 1402, the sniiy of Q'- ' 
Tannl Ueiitivoglio wa^ deftated by OIbii (laleazr.u Viaoonti, * 
onStstMay, 1011, that of Pope Julius II, nuder the DukeorUr-'' 
bine, by the FreTinh. — (in the left, ii^ar 1,12 M.) Sauo, the brMb 
Sttlii fallB iuto IheUeno, Irum whiuli a Biibleii'anean squiilluei, 
Donatrnetcd by AiigiiBtu«, \i-m\ ;>' I.iI'l i.i. 'lln- ru^tecation uf tbU 
nhannel has lenetiily been > <" !< . :\--\\ to supply tbn 

ti>«n with better water. — , ; ■! i; ■ 
Villa Arin. Ktrlitnari aiiliqii,!.. . 

the nelghbonrliigvillaguoriUy...;!.!,, li. i 

tlietB ara 22 tunnels. At C-^Va !*'■ I ' ' 
2!ti/2 M. Aiu'ii,- on the left rise the :>i'i ", 
and Monle Viyae; a landslip fruni lli.- ■ ■ i :. ■. ■ ii.. ^illige 

iif VigU in 1801. Uii tliti lelt bank. >l III" i: «" -. <1." iLiiiiauil 

•satle nt Saviymifv , with piiitiireaijiu! I'livitmis, IIT M. ?oreatt* 
l^.tlbergo fmour, iiiipreteiidiigi Puloiiiivj, MVeMw^^iuunormiljJ, 
a iiiJafe'.; (if 3400 iiihab, wllU mniemV ■i^iro^i «.fti \»1.\*, \ " ^ 


freqiitnttii ill Slimmer. — Buyoml Porrolla the liue eiilKcs a n«»i4 
Tliw Bnil rnuiBiitic ravine nf tlie Ui>iio , from the sides of whieh liu- 
jneraua' natcrfallB ari! prtaipilated , particularly In eprliig , and it 
tlien C8,iri«il by a aoilea ottutinisls, cuttings, aiid viaduftta to the cul- 
mtiiating point where it ctOBsea the ApenriineB. — 4fil/2 M. Ptac- 
(hia, the highest point on the lirii', i-i 20'34 It. iibove thi: aea-levi-l. 

Boiwaluiva iPBtitiont di Srfrabaau d.ud Jji^i'-un-Iu iit.W At,i.Linie^ wull Hpiiken 

fur iiiiinur.>i'i<< ci.'.ursinnst Mmle ifa}«H, >■/, br.; Ubre Aptila. H/r^bm.; 
Tic J^lmie, 1 \irs.\ Oitmvt, 3«b».; Rimitnaja, lago Saul/I. ate.) nnd u» 

fian AlpiaH Cluli. — uliiciilunKa Iten on the rami dsM' .U'H>,„'. ulilrh 
HBCS lormei ttaa houndary batwocn Kuiaan and Tiucany, nl>i'<ii:V.; 
UuBH- difva rRiiB Pracehla., and 7 kriL Cnm l^lfja (itil lMiii.'j>,.tr> -hl' 
above]. A td«I aha leuls tn l( rrum Limea, piualnE lliu l'i<ll<~ i|> Xi-W. 
namalbo (p. 37))) bi ahfinl 9 H. dinlaiit. 

Beyond Pracnhia the train crones the vntershed of thi' Ailri^itii- 
aaA the Tyrrhenian Sea by a tnniiel about I'/i) M. iu length , anil 
then enters the valley of the OniftTont, wlilch Hovfs toward* the 8., 
MtA 1b traversed by a lofty viaduct. Hetwnen this point and Pislii.ja 
there are IllIml]roua-viadlll^ta and no fewur than 21 tunnels. Beaii- 
titnl vifiWB. — Beyond (^Sl'/i M.] Piltefia ■ view li at loiigth re- 
vealed uf the lovely anil pupuloua plains of Tuacany, and of Pistoja 
far below. The train then pusses nnmeraiiB i^barmlng villas. 

61 M. Piiloin (j. 336J. —From Fistoja to I'loreiioe, see p. 340, 

Tlic Old ttUAD FBUil BoLoaSA To FLoni»ci agccndu (he valley ot tho 
wrna and paaKHS S. Sujtlo, Pianon, FUlgan, and PltlraiHaia, which last 
M in a bleak dliliicl. Ahaut '/i br. M the K> of Hctramaln ttn / m- 

S7I> sq. It. in ires. IndependenI di>ivi 

vlnue, 2'JU7 aq. U- in Arta^ Lauttorit, luu Auiikiicnk, bi>uui j4> i 

liUB, lull. yuriM greitlS' >" dilTereiil parU of th^ tuunlry. In IhB pro^BM 
III Lucca ttiare an Bbuiil 131 inbnb. \a ttie squ&n; tnlle, in FlmenDi 9B5, A 
BieniL 12J, Bnl in Orouelu nut inoru tbkn 37. With the eieeption or Uh 
oaut dixIriaU snl ttac imMsji, the cuuntry la billy, t,ai inlfrweted bj 
Ue spun and mmiSMtions at tbe Jhie-ilpeiitifMi. TheN. put. ndJiiiBlll 
tba Jrni. i> miut fertlla, ttm iilslna Bnd iloiiea n( the hllTa boInE rinUy 
clUtttaled. A almng conlrut to thli enillBe reeloik Is presented by Ibt 
manlif uijul dlitriut huluw LeEhorn, wlicre niBlieniiiil fevsn bavo winld^ 

tllfl middlii kgea. The noil iiC Ihe Inlund bill cnnntrf li Hlim poor,, feul 
■rune wmpsnutlnn la aaiirdea For Ibis b; ita cupper >nd otber Miae^ 
TuBwnj, indead, FUweaBaa greater minaral wenltb Ihin tay iilher b>M U 
ll^y, and to thia cireuinalance Is duo tb« tad ihatjl waa osrHw ctvWM4 

u (list inbsM Until, tbe Tmi^M 

iOn arConlsa. and reaulted in tbu ilctar)' ufllie luller, nbo Ihiu abU 

K' Ma mi-«icim TeK«i, which eiloDded rnim the t'nut ot the Alpi U 
ly ofNkiiles. was alau iiiitrumental in pcumiitlDB civlliaatlim, u It 

leal nrls, anil t.i Bime B.tent inllntneed tven Lstiom and Bmie HUir. 

uppOTiuBtljr «F 

Iuui ui tma AnCitipl peoplfi fa 
niigbl inlu tbeir eluony Ul 

(he bn(e alone siructurea orei^ted by (1 
Atainal Ibe prednloq' Llguriane of 

iniw mtj' flurerlhsleu appriipt lately b<: kepi ia vien. If norencii AtnUlf ' 
nmindi liie Tiallor at every bIbv ibal oiuAvcn MkVs iiwea tU JUiQle ' 
aniilnttioaa and riclieet intelloelnttl io\iKrt\;= Vo vtfi» ■^".^ mA ^^Urb^ 
"■ ■ -iludwjl (if bistory Hill be \nleioirtKa in temfiuhoi'-ia, 

.IB. iDd Uenni, Memed <1 " ' ' 
e lltb, l!lh, KDd I3tb u 
riiaun dllei. ud wliil^ 1) 

leiltl. TlameswaAr^l'lu 

Of Ihe Ariiii, wblcb tbusltaiiliDn gf tbstr Uwn enabled tbL'il! l.>'d'il''uuJ 

Toit of llalj nu graduBlly surfBring dlimeiubvriuent and ll.miviibs hU'IUl. 
tmmniela oCIU earlier iTOdllloiu. norenec t*u Hlill quiullr dcvi'lu^jlTi^ b<!r 

rt onrtler oullHrs afblCTC 

a aWttos (HI 
«. Plureoea 
s pbyKlEBl i 

bj OlhiU- WWM. Aflcr bi^r e 
a ntaad bar abnve tliu u.rr...^ 
uircr, like tba nil of Itnly, t' 
autiODK, but HIE innn nacctnl .'I 
« effentualli t« srapplo ivllb III. 

Urdy : and 111 lid 1 1 i 

. In iSBO. .IBune I- 

In ISOl "f /';. 

la _o( Taaeany'. (Li 

° (WfoBO, and Jn lk\Zu]ie 

: did > 


inlerMU gf liieir lubJHBt*, A 


period tbsiF Diunplu wu follniriHl 

til lh« prenant time Tnsuan; bu 

uiyoyta lh«eD.l.blclot ofbd 


d ciTiliicd. sol 


Ihe fsul tbBi Tuaca 

fHUdom, >ii4 

TlilunUrlly lucaBntai^ Ihs b 

y of a tompKBliY 

If dlBlBnt ud 

evtdenbe of Ibe onrBssliieeB u 


race, iBhrt. the -i 


"'•C'i'K'iS',..,. ,. 

c am 

of Emperor Oh»rle» 

v., tbe dyoMlj 

uf i\,e M 1. 1 


ti rtia MTardigBtj o 


1 Ilia domlulona du 

=dri lu £ii/!,r 


/■/. flftfl-TO), a< 

AuH4r a and bpafn tbe two great puwera tu nbiob Italy wh mOoMt^ 

YMBnt Hot, and tunferred II un tlie liualiand or his dau^btrrilftria Thereat, 
Ike l>nke Annird nicphta of Lurrainc IliSn-Ufi), wbo by tbo PeaAiofViuU 
[imi rQBOiiiiccd hh native principality iif Lnrraine in reliim. In 17U it 

(u prtvent lb beiiiE mvenied in futnrs u one of the immedlale daml- 
niun^ i>f Amlrta. U aa «. «> M, 

«lu) reifjaed on in nl te ed ri ea oa ro 1,, 

Ib USO, l^ipnld sa ifliai dit- 

dtnand ill. w» Ule 

(1801), forwMuh re prlc 

of SaJitiurB. an llic, 

aBd Afterwards H am nst«*- 

Klblg Independenoe aouB. 

In 18U FerdiiuiD aa de bU 

aon Levyvtd IS., ts & banls rC S19 amd 

Uully by tbat ol&jSK actoMH 86( m)uv 

46. From (Genoa) Leghorn to Florence by Fiaa 
and Empoli, 

Stbahdo.t KBim (IBBO* n. l.R.jH.mii daily (Sucit/rt Il„lmllini, uo Hon 
Wed., Kild., ai.d Sal.; «"11d un Tues. and VxiA.; alau llie Jfrsoch jiob. 
panfcB fifiriv rf' Co. and fi-aiuinH A- Co.) In » bra. (fares 32 (r. OU, 23te- 
bas,). Kofi of Ibe ufflcefl are near tli« iluay, wbsro tb« travuUai ahoVK 
uk. Ilia tirkni ill iinmiin. _ Eiobatkati"n Or landing at Ocluia irr..!br 
'.enl'orn bi iir from tbe ^orlu Hno*a tfti^, 

or irjtii Aidinary Iuk 
vlili laggnee llr. (I' 

rally i 

— -.- Veodilo '/«fc., at, 
I to tba offlf.ial in cb.mtf.1 — 


> "i 


Him iiliAiiiiiiil 


n the C(>ni< 
- Those who muke a. iiraluoeod bUj w 
r FiUortorin ttoHBiii d'Anni i sBversl olhari! Ill Iha Onn 

'Emonaflle. — 

Vlft Lu>dem 37| Birr, 

Tact 0«« 

CFl. IG; E, ^ at the eomer of the 
ksd PioISB Cnrlo Alborlo. — Talacnipb OfB», Via A 
"" -' the Piuai a-Aiml. 

L To 01 from the alalfnii 1, ut night l>/i 


wn Ifr. TOc, llDlebt arr. 
night FarcA ara chareed 

^. ifuord, with Eali, unlslde the Ports u Hnre, bnth with 

towela 1 tr.| Smabtilhii, Pancaidi, and 'Palmlcrl. well fltteil up, wltli ctX& 
Mtl t Ivrrace wilh <iew. — Tarm ^ntb in the lowo. Via ddla Paae, 
rUiHL R. Hunedetto IB, etc. 

Onnili. American (Ur. Onvai], nut door Id tile Victoria Hotel: Bng- 
nih (Mr. ifaeAoafl), VU della Hadonna 13; Qerman (Hstf AppriiMt), Fiatii 

Kngliih Ohuroh, regident chaplain. 

Leghorn {ICal. Liuorno. French Livovme), which was t vcr? 
liialgnlfiwtit place in the IBth cent, (in 155* only 749 IribabO, now 
\ the eapiwi of & province, and the most important pjjmmorclal-plaoB 
•4n Italy after Qeiioa, is indebted tot Its size and Importance to the 
'Hedicl, who invited hither the oppressed and discontented from 
B of Che continent, ae, for Biample Roman Catholics from 
Engiaiul, Jowa and Moora from Spain and Portugal, and mernhaiita 
MarscilleB, who were aniious to escape from tho portts of civil 
Moiitesqiiiou oonaeqnently calls Leghorn 'the mastor-plocu of 
tho dynaaty of the Modicl'. — The popnUtion amoniita to upwards 
of 80,000, or, including the suburbs, 97,800 aoiila (many of whom 
'"■re JewB% exclusive of a fluctuating sca-farlng oonimunity of fully 
3000. The town carriea on a briab trade with tho Levant in cnttoli, 
ool, and unbleached Bilk, and with tho Black Sua in grain. The 
ost Iniportant industries are thn manufactures of coral omaraents 
id oil. 
Leghoni, which U a well bnilt, thoroughly modern place, con- 
tains little to detain the traveller. The H'lrbiar la a very buss 
ipM. Tho inner harbour fPoHi VceMn, m MtiLliitol\s,v»»*i>'i^'^-* 
'.otimtl resaels flf large tonnage •, tha Porto Wuooo -^i*. '**''^'*™' 

318 Routt iB. LEOnORN. P. 

CTiistructeil flnring the presBTit, oentnry, to llie W, of then 
boiir, and pmtectud from (he open aei by a, semlDiieulM nS 
PiolutBBqHe sUmpBOS tre obttiued heiiou nf the fioa with the islani'a 
of Elba, florgons, and C»priija. An Bip.ursioii by boat will bo 
fuiiiid pleissnt In line irptlher {i'/i fv. per hr. , bsrg«ln iiHcegB&ry ). 
6y the harbour is the Statue of tht (jTamt Duke Fenliaand I. (PI. 
10^, by Giov. deW Opera, with four Turkish eIbtcs ftqnattn 
Mart) In bron?.e by Pietro Taeea. On the pier, which la 500 yd«, 
ill length, riscB the Lighthatue LFuro or L'lnlrma ; PI. B, 31, the 
pUttnrm of which afTords a good survey of the town, hatbonr, uid «ea. 

The town is iiilerBeoteil by canals, and conneoied by ■ navE- ' 
gablB canal with tha Amo, the luflnic of which la 7 M. to tha S. 
The CoTSO Vmario EVnoniwIe, the principal etreet (PI. D, B, 31, 
upntsina temptiiig shops, where objects iii coral, scagllolo (an 
imitation of mosalol, Oriental shawls, etc., maybe purebssed *t 
TflaBotiablB pricoa. It leads from tha haibour to the spaoiooi Platta 
iTArrnl (PI. D, 31, !n which the cathedral, the town-hail (PI. 13), 
andasmall palace formerly ownodby the royal family, are gitaated. 
It proceeds theuce to the Piasta Carlo Alberto (PI. E, 3) , adonleil 
with nolosEal Statuea of Ferdmand lit. (d. 1824) and Leopold II., 
the laat but une, and the laat grand-duke of Tuscany reepecti*ely. 
The oriefinal inscription on the lattei was replaced in ISM by 
anolhei to the effect that the 'dlnastia Auatro-Lorenese si & r<wa 
assolutamonte incompatiblle con I'ordlDe e la felicity della Tog- 
cana'. — Tha large Synagogue (PI. 23), founded in 1581, ditd* in 
its present form from 1603. 

Walks. Pleasant gronnds to the S., ootside the Porta a Hate, 
and along the foast by the road to Ardeiita ; also in the Qiardhie 
dti Bngni (adni. 50 c), in the bsoiq neighbourhood, where a bsnd 
plays, every evening during tha bathing- sea son ( Cafff). Farthet on 

are the sea-bathing astablishmeutB mentioned at p. 317, andh "~~ 

them ArdenM, with numerous viOaa. Comp. Plan B, 4, dfl 

The train crosses the Arno Canal and traverses 
land, iiileisected by canals and occaalonally relieved by plnel 

11 M. fiso, seep. 320. 

The railway noit traverses a beantifnl and fertile district. To 
the left are the Monti Piiani (p. 323) with the culiiod castlft ou 
the Verruca. — 16 M. Naaiicchiu ; i9'J-i M. Caicma on the Aroo, 
where on the fastlval of S. Vitlotio, 28th July, 1364, the Pfgans 
were rfofealed by the iriortutined. — 24Vi M. Ponttdera, i 
torni at the oonflufinoo ot tlio Era mft kiwo, ■«\ikto ■&* taai j 

to FlnTenre. KHPOI.l. 

tliroiieli t1iu buautiful vatli'y of tltu Era 
llgeniie, acin Bnedtkcr'a Cenlrul Itiity). 

26 M. La Rotta; 31 M. S. Rornfinn. — 35 M. Bu Hiniats al 
TedMoho ; nn Cho hill U> tho right lies the bdkiII town of Hmt ii&uie, 
once one of the resldeua^B uf FrtdeTlak BatbaroBsa, viollcil a1«n hy 
Henry VI., and appointed by Em p. Fredrriuk 11. in 122{i aput ot'tha 
imperisl governor of TuaKgiiy. The Ctithtdral, doting from the lOth 
cent. , was remodelled in 1488, itnd embellished with atatuea in 

41 M. EntpoU (Aibergo del Sole) !» it amall town In a. fortile 
dUtrint. In 12(i0, after the defeat of the Florentines on the Arbia, 
the Ghihelliiies proposed tn transFer the eeat of government hither 
■nd to raze Florence to the ground. Tlila project, howovfii, wm 
■ strenuonsly opposed by the heroic Farinata degli Uborti, who nis 
Mmaeir a member of the Ohibelline party (Dante'b Inferno, X, 48), 
The town ia a busy place with old houses and narrow streets, auil » 
Church of 1093, contalniDg good pinturee by Lorenzo Monaco, 8. 
Bottlflplll, Francpaoo di Giovanni, Cigoll, and othera, and a tine 
liaptiitery of 1447. 

imig. ' ' 

The train then croasea the small river Peaa. On the left, before 
rcaohitig Moiitalupo, wo perceive tlie Villa Ambrogiuna, erected by 
Ferdinand 1. on the site of an ancient castle of the Arilinghelli, 
and surmounted by towers and pinnacles. 45 M. M-mlelnpo; llie 
caatle Of thU place was fortified by the Floreiilincs in 1203 In 
order to keep ih check the hostile Capraja ou the opposite side. 
Hence the appellation Montelupo, 'mounlain of the wolf, which 
was iloairous of devoorlng the piat (capra). 

The train now crosBes the Anio, and slowly wbtds through the 
defile of the BonfoUna, through which the Anio flows. The heighls 
are ol ad with rock-piues, below which is qnarriod the jiietri aert- 
nt, a kind of Eandstone frequently employed in the Kmstrnctinn of 
the palaces of Plortmee. The Ombrone, which falls into the Amo, 
la next croeBed. b1 M. Signa, with its groy towers ami plunucU'S, 
founded in 1377 by the FlorGntines to command the road at this 
point. This place, as well as the nppoalts village of Laiira, is 
noted for its straw-plait. — Near (54 M.) S. Donninu Is Broisi, 
with numeniuB villas which proclaim the proximity of the capital. 
The train now approaches the Cascine, the park Of Florence, and 
enlcra the itatlon near S. Maria ffovolla. 

GO U. ftormee, aee p. 341. 


rasBKU, wilh 


B, IVrf, L. uA 

Aiw,, tr. Bd..- 

■Okas Bkiitabiia IPl. ei 

furtahle liDt no 

'HaTsr. Bdtal 

.A (PI. i3i n, 

ItuK twu Sinn 

nf lb 

Bnt cliiu, no 

tPl.t; E,i), 


■BO MedlOM 1, 

JJWTUliu with 


,S«-H«-«, inth 

»f; BoMI"'i<' 

g, >]>D 

in tbn Lang-An 

n, 4). n. 3Vi, L. 'A, B. !'/■', i>. ift., 

tl< Ron*, Vl» VilWrfu 

F«t OfBu (PI. ei) uB tbg leftbink of the i 

PhotogiKpliBrt. ffugvil * roi Litl. l.o 
I ninrbluh /Tojf, Via del Prloao 87. 
».tln. BaijHl Cicch«Tl«i, LungJ 

BngUih'ohuTiih Serviu In winter 

-D idinllled, uonUia llalUn and Fre 


Er, bFlow Ihc PaaM U Malf 

Long-Amo EebIo (alao aoulptar 

0, TS. aide; fisiriii HonAard, VI* 

Id eprlpg. 
-ovldod w 


e BUnnlesl. Ths I 

iers, Bnd daring llie Hie wintar uunilbB 

of lie Lung-Aino, Ibal pari of wblCh 

lag-Aroa AfudlDeo la lau raTonnbly lit. 
luiua arc hiehait in Oclnber, after whicb 
e rent of a alaele room I< 2-V/, ft. pn 



Living at iQ hotel It of eourBi; more enpsnaiTe (paulila 941 fn 

[ler do.;), but thu Tliltor Is ini>re Independent. The bful altnttad bQkIt 
nrs the uaiel ie J'Arno, the Vltlorin, and the Onn Brctagu. As the 

LBnE-Arao in Ibc cbiof tuntru of aotiotj In winter, Invalids a 

menDod not lo take roomi ftt s dlstanoe rnm it. 

Piiii , s quiet town witb 25,900 Inliab. (ind. Biibnrba 50,400), 

tbe eapital ot a proviiiOB, is siluatud 6 M, from tliu »( " '""''" 

haiilis nf tlie Amo. It was the Pliac ot tlie aiiiilBnta , aii 

Mt the (»iifl[ieii(;o of the Amua bu& kwtet ^S^etc.Mal, irhieh ImI 

Umw Aaa mi estuary of it 

of Colonia J«l 

of Venice >nd Oe 

oa, 11 wu cbieRy Indebted fi 


ml w Ih whicli it loot 

tho load 

n the W»B a 

His. In 

026 Ih 

Piutia ei[i«Ued 


oo of 0.6 iJl^d. 





I , snd ID 1(163 deatroyed Ih 

no. In 1114 they 


Bd Ihe fliOa«ic L 

ouk a pn 

ILe Craaides. I 

and ISlb ce 

er had 

trade ex 

en^ Uedite 

ir (upremBcy em 


the wbol 


ram La Bpeila to 

08t powerf 

ul i«ibero"ol 0* 


a" ind 


IhTungb \\g 


The ptolrauled « 

the -lUi-ens ea 


\ w"tb 

diaulrooB defeat 

near Leghorn 

Aag, tj&l 


od tb 

ai«lled then. 

naW Co« 

invested ibe 


^f Arrag 


OB flellriVB 

& of Ibis impo 

island all 

. The 

il; wu further wc&lEsiud 

by lulema 

nd f e 

of Charles VIII. endeavoured 

to Kbake olF 

>e yo 

ke 0? iU 


nr. Id U»B, How 

"f. » " 

besieged and 



by the 

the niMry of Art Pisa occupied an impoitant pnsltlua at an 
lerlud. tmt was obliged to yield op its artiiitie piecedence earUec 
l> polllleal to the mure fortunate FloTsntse. The pmgFusa of art at 
as wore rapid than in tha real of Tusosny, onlag perhaps lu the 

repealedly recnr in the bnlldinei. With the funnd^tiun uf lbs 

tD old basilica style, but with the mil unimportant inoovalion of 
a dome over the centre of tbe cross. The nifnineenl hulldtng 
nni of the Mssns oonUnued IhronghoiLl the wbole of Ibe ViO, 
and lerinlitaled witb the erection nf Ihe charming ehumh of S. 
delU Spina (1230), and thai of H. Catei^na {VS&). In Ibe IStli 

Ibe town, lint his wurks are nniulerBrting. eieepl lo Uie student of arl. 
Tbe fact that (Xmaliut was invited from Florence to enihelllah. the apse 
of Ihe cathedral, ludleales the decline of native art, the development of 
which appears lo have ceased entirely in the 14lh century. The auuutloB 
uf tbe frBMi>ci Id the Campo Santo vn« eammllled exoloslvaly to forsirn 
artisU, not indeed lo Otutto himself, as Vasarl asserts, bnl to bli pu- 
plla and to Sienese maaten. At^toHcm, the jester aoiong Ibe Italian 

r Inters, who is not a memly mytUcal personage, as has been snpposad. 
said lo have assisted in uaecnttng Ibe frescoes In the Campo MaiUfu 
but lo what eilent is unknown. In the l&Ui asM,. Itenuiio o~«Av 
( iVAVJl I of norenee, a pupU uf