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Full text of "The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543. parts I to [XI]"

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■i 



LELAND'S ITINERARY IN ENGLAND 
AND WALES 



LONDON: GEORGE BELL AND SONS 
PORTUGAL ST. LINCOLN'S INN, W.C. 
CAMBRIDGE : DEIGHTON, BELL & CO. 
NEW YORK: THE IIACMILLAN CO. 
BOMBAY: A. H. WHEELER & CO. 



THE ITINERARY 

or 

JOHN LELAND 

IN OR ABOUT THE YEARS 

1535— 1543 
PARTS IV AND V 

WITH AM 

APPENDIX OF EXTRACTS FROM 
LELAND'S COLLECTANEA 

EDITED BY 

LUCY TOULMIN SMITH 




LONDON 

GEORGE BELL AND SONS 
1908 



CHISWICK PRESS: CHARLES WHITTINGHAM AM) CO. 
TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE, LONDON. 






PREFATORY NOTE 

THE three portions of the present volume vari- 
ously illustrate Leland's activity. Part IV' is 
not Itinerary, but consists of notes for it, chiefly on 
men and families in certain counties (which I have 
attempted to indicate in the margin), Leland often 
stating his authorities by extracts from family pedi- 
grees or rolls, and in verbal information given him by 
local gentry. Some of his scanty notices relating to 
Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Middlesex, Sussex, and 
Surrey, are found in this Part. Part V is narrative 
Itinerary through the counties indicated by asterisks 
on page vii, and shown by the red route on Map III. 
The Appendix is not Itinerary, but the detached 
part of Leland's Collectanea found at Cheltenham (see 
p. 1 17 note). It is an interesting example of his reading 
and research into past history and " antiquities," and 
shows him at work extracting from lives of saints 
and chronicles in the abbey libraries of Croyland and 
Bury St. Edmunds, soon after their suppression ; also 
more critically drawing upon the later collections of 
John Rowse or Ross of Warwick, for early historical 
notices of Oxford and Cambridge universities and of 

* The first twenty-seven folios of Part IV belong to the Itinerary in 
Wales (vol. iii of this edition). 

V 



vi PREFATORY NOTE 

the ancient midland Warwick and Worcester. Two 
letters bearing on Leland's own work, unfortunately 
not dated, are found among these papers. Some notes 
on Staffordshire families close this Appendix (for full 
" Contents " see p. 1 16). 



COUNTIES IN THIS VOLUME 

Berkshire, pp. 2, 3. 

•Buckinghamshire, pp. 4, 111-113. 

Cambridgeshire, pp. i, 157, 166. 

Derbyshire, p. 28. 

Durham, p. 9. 

Essex, pp. 1 6, 20, 31. 

♦Gloucestershire, pp. 53-64. 

Hampshire, pp. 7, 8, 19. 

•Herefordshire, pp. 64-76. 

Huntingdonshire, pp. 29, 142-144. 

Kent, p. 30. 

Lancashire, pp. 20, 21. 

Leicestershire, p. 7. 

Lincolnshire, pp. 18, 122-132, 146-148. 

•Middlesex, pp. 113, 114. 

•Monmouthshire, pp. 70, 71. 

Norfolk, p. II. 

•Northamptonshire, pp. 17, 18, 30, 35-38. 

Nottinghamshire, p. 11. 

•Oxfordshire, pp. 13, 33-35, 38-40, 109, no, 151-156, 160, 

161. 
•Radnorshire, pp. 70, 73. 
•Shropshire, pp. 21, 26, 76-86. 
Suflfolk, pp. 25, 28, 148-150. 
Surrey, pp. 11, 12. 
Sussex, pp. 12, 13. 
•Staffordshire, pp. 99-105, 168-172. 
•Warwickshire, pp. 27, 28, 40-52, 96-98, 105-109, 165. 
Wiltshire, pp. 23, 24, 27, 162, 163. 

•Worcestershire, pp. 15, 51, 52, 53, 86-96, 158-160, 163-165. 
Yorkshire, pp. i, 2, 6, 7, 15, 16, 19. 

Note, The asterisks denote the counties included in Part V (pp. 33- 
1 14), the only portion of the Itinerary proper contained in this volume. 
See Prefatory Note. 



VU 



ERRATA 

Page 29, for " Lunetote " read " Luvetote." 
„ 66, lines 5 and 4 from the bottom add note to the 
names Lorengo and Kynelme, "Stubbs gives these as 
Losinga and Reinhelm." 

Page 12$, for "Waldenus" read "Waldevus." 
„ 151 note *, line ^^for "(Collectanea, ed. 1715, vol. iv 
no, 211, 221)" read "Collectanea, De viris illustribus, 
(MS. Top. Gen. c. 4) fos. in, 342, 343." 

Page 158 margin, for "Worcester" read "Warwick." 
„ 163, de/e note *. Probably both Rowse and Leland 
had in mind the early Saxon Hwiccas, dwellers in the 
district afterwards known as Gloucester, Worcester and 
part of Warwick. But on p. 165, Dugdale makes the 
correction Wigorniensibus, 

Page 167, line 3 from bottom, /^r " Kinotus" read " Kino- 
cus." 



▼ui 



THE ITINERARY OF JOHN LELAND. 
PART IV* 

HENRY LACEY, Erie of Lincolne, had emong many Cambridge 
other lordshipes Grantcester by Grantebridg, wher he fo. i. 
set up one of his kinnesmen, as far as I can conject, a 
bastard of his, and endowid hym with landes partely there 
and partely yn other places; and commaundid that this 
Lacey so set up in Grantecester should and his successors 
ever-to name theyr sunnes and heyres by the name of 
Henry: the which thinges hath beene religiously observid 
hyther to. And this was the original beginning of the house 
of the L[aceys of Grante]cester in Grante[bridge shire as I 
lernyd of] hym that [now ys heyre of these lands.] Henry 
the VI. [emonge other things gave] onto the [College that he 
made] yn Grantebrige [his lordship of Grant]cestre. This 
Henry [by enheritaunce ... of Henry Lacey that was Earle 
of Lincolne lands.] 

Wyvel of the northe, that was the auncientest of that 
name, had his principal house at Slingesby yn Yorkshire. 
And this Wyvelle was a man of fair landes. Slyngesby 
about a v. miles from Malton yn Riedale in the way from 
Malton to Newborow, that is distant xii. miles from 
Malton. The house of Slyngesby and the landes of this 
Wyvelle be devolvid to the Lord Hastinges by heires 
general. 

That Wyvell that now is duel[lynge at] Burton Parva by Yorkshire. 
Mas[ham in Richejmontshire, cummithe [of a yongjer 
brothar of the [Wyvelle of S]lyngesby. [He ha]th Burton 
Parva by an [heyre generalle] of one of the [Pygotes] of the 

[* Leland's MS. voL iv, fos. 1-50 (Gen. Top. e 11). Stow's copy 
MS. TaDner 464, vol. iii, fos. 36-48, old fig. See note p. 31. In this 
Part the counties are only indicated for the principal groups of places.] 

B 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Golaffre de 
Cerceden, 

Oxon. 



Yorkshire, northe. [Sergeant] Pygot aboute Henrye the [. . . dayes] 
was a man of faire [lands, and] was of a nother yonger 
[brothar of the Pigotes, and his landes, as I remember, be 
fo. 2. also] descendid to heyres generales. 

The house caullid Clifton, like a pile or castelet, distant 
aboute a mile and [an] half from Litle-Burton, was the 
Lorde Scropes of Masham. 

This Lorde Scropes landes in continuaunce devolvid to 
3. doughters of one of them. Wherof one of them was 
maryed to Strangaise* of Harlesey, a nother to Danby, the 
3. to Strelley, com. Nott. Of this thirde descendid 2. 
doughtters, wherof one was maryed to Bingham, the other 
to Wyvelle that now liveth [and hath Clifton by her]. 

Dhs jRogerus Golaffre Miles^ dhs de Cercedene tempore 
Joanms Regis. Hie g^nuif] Rogerum, quifuit Miles tempore 
Henrici 3. &* Edwardi i. Uterque humatus in Domo Capi- 
tulari de Bruera in Comit, Oxoh. 

Dns Joannes Miles^i filius Rogerijunioris^ genuit ex Alicia 
Colworp uxore sua Thomam armigerum^ &* Rogerum, ac 
GuL Joannes obiit a^ Z?. 1297, Non.Jun, &* Regni Edwardi 
primi 25. Sepultus fuit in Ecclesia de Bruera. Thomas armi- 
ger ex Joanna ejus uxore genuit Joannem^ qui Miles fuit, 
Obiit Thomas anno [6.] Edwardi 3. Rogerus Thomaf rater 
non habuit liberos, Thomas sepultus est in Bruera, Joannes 
Miles^ Thonue filius^ ex Elisabeth \Jilia &* herede Joannis 
Fyffeld armigeri Dni de Fyffede in ConUt, Barkshir, genuit 
Thomam armigerum positum in recta linea^ &* Gulielmum^ 
ac Julianam filiam in charta positos ad dextram^ acjoannem 
armigerum^ &* Nicolaum militem positos in leva charta, 
Joannes miles obiit 3. Januar, anno dom, 1363. dr* Edwardi 
fo-3» 3- 39. Sepultus"] est in Eccl, de Fyffede, Elisabeth ejus uxor 
obiit ante eum i*. Febr, ad, D, 1360. (5r» Edwardi 36. Sepulta 
est in Eccl. Parochiali de Fyffede, 
Berks. Thomas, armiger, first weddid Margaret Foxley, doughter 
to Thomas Foxley, and syster to Syr John Foxley, knight, of 
Barkshir, caullid Margaret Parker, Lady of Radeley beside 
Abingdon, and had by her issue only John Golaffre that last 
died, and no mo. And the sayde Th[omas dyed] at Radeley 



[• Leland wrote guise^ then corrected it to gaisf.] 

[t I omit a small rough sketch in the margin of the Golaffre arms.] 



PART IV 3 

beside Abin[gdon the xxvi.] of August the yere of oure Lorde Berks. 
1378. [anno 2. Rijchardi 2. and was buried in [the quier] of 
the Blak Freres in Oxford. Margaret his wyfe dyed anno 
Dom. [1396.] and was buried with [hir husband Thomas]. 

Thomas Golaffre, armiger, had John a squier, that first was 
weddid the Lady Brun, mother to Syr Morice Brun, knight, 
Steward of Housold with my Lord of Glocester. 'After John 
Golaffre weddid the Lady Ingelfeld, and after the Pole, wife 
to Sir Quaker Poole, and had no issue of his sayde 3. wifes. 
He dyed at Fifede the xxiii. of February ao, D, 1441. et 20. 
Henrici 6., and ys buried in the chirch of Fifede* in Bark- 
shire. 

William Golaffre squier, sun to Syr John Golaffre and 
Elizabeth, heir of Fifede, and a yongger brother to Thomas 
Golafre squier, weddid Alice Bisshop, doughter and hejrr to 
John Bisshop of Abingdon. Both they dyed without issue. 
William was buried yn the Gray Freres in Oxford. Alice was 
buried in her paroche chirch [at Abyngdon]. 

Juliane Golaffre, sister to this William, was maried to Ro- fa 4- 
bert of Wightham** in Barkshire, had Richard and divers 
other childem. 

Robert dyed a®. D. 1406. Juliane dyed a®. D. 1408. Both 
were buried in the chirch of Witham. 

Richardus de Wightham weddid Alison Daundesey, 
doughter of Walter Daundesey gentilman of Oxfordeshir: 
and by her had issue a doughter caullid Agnes, maryed to 
William Browning by John Golaffre esquier. the wich John 
toke Agnes his cosyn in the secund degre for his right heire. 

Marie, Elizabeth, Eleanore, Catarine, Margaret, Felice, 
Agnes, right sisters to Richard Wightham. 

John Golaffre esquier, sun to John Golaffre knight and 
Elizabeth, heir of Fifede, had issue [John,] after knight. 

This John knight maried [Amice] doughter and heir [to 
Thomas of Langeley Lorde of Langeley. But she shortly 
dyed without issue by hym.] 

Then maried this Syr John Golafre Isabel Lady Missende, 
dwelling at Missenden and Queinton * in Bukkenghamshir, 
doughter to Syr Bernard Brocas : but he had no issue by 
her. 

» Fyfield. ^ Wytham. Quainton. 



4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Bucks. But he had in his wife Isabel's tyme issue by a leman, 
cauUid Johenet Pulham, Alice, after priores of Bumham by 
Windesor, and John, after knight. 

John Golafre, knight, father to John the bastard, dyed at 
Queinton an**. D. 1379. and was buried in the Gray Freres at 
Oxford. 

Isabel his wife was byried after at Missenden Priory. 

Syr John Golaffre bastard weddid Dame Philip Lady 

Fitzgualter. He died at Walingford a<*. Di, 1396. &* 20^ 

JReg, Richardi 2. and was biryed ny Richard the 2. tumb at 

fo. 5. Westminster. [This Philipe] after maryed the Duke of York 

that was killid at the batel of Agingcourt in Fraunce. 

This Dame Philip dying yn Henry the 6. dayes was buryed 
at Westminster nere her husband Syr John Golaffre the 
bastard and lord of Langeley. 

Brouninges wife afore rehercid after the deth of Brouning 
was maried to a younger brother of the Homes, the which 
though he had no issue that livid by hym,* yet he procurid of 
hir to his use the maner of Circeden in Oxfordshire, and the 
principal house with it of the Golaffres. 

This Home after marying, had issue father to Home the 
pensionar. 

The familie of the Home rose by a riche marchaunt 
stapele[r] of that name about Kent w[hos] testament cam 
to a XX. [thousand] poundes, as I have harde s[ay. The] 
heyres landes of [hym be sparkelyd, but a pece remaynithe 
to the chefe Framelingham of Southfolke, whose mother 
was heir generall to this Home. 

Gualter de la Rivers was the first of that name that had 
landes yn Yorkeshir. 

Mowbray Erie of Northumbreland gave Water the lord- 
ship of Bransby, wher the chief house of the Ryvers yet is, 
and a nother lordship by it that yet remaynith to the Ryvers. 

This lande was gyven firste to Gualter but for terme of 
his life. 

Bransby 3 miles from Shiref-hutten* and 4. miles from 
Newborow,** yn the high way almost betwixt booth. 

[* Sic^ query read h%r,'\ 



Sheriff Hutton. ^ Newburgh. 



PART IV 5 

Nicolas, sunne and heir to Walter, had this lande gyven 
to hym and to his heires. 

The Ryvers yn tyme past had the lordship of Hooke in 
Lincolnshir, that is i6o. poundes by the yere. 

The Ryvers had also Helperby by York, but I think that 
these 2. lordship cam to them by manage of heires general. 

VVylliam Delapole Duke of Southefolk had to his wife fo. 6. 
[Alice*] doughtter and heir to Chaucer, lord of Ewelm,t 
Dunington,J Hoke-Northon § and other land. This William 
with Chaucer's doughter his wife was founder of the hospital 
of Ewelme. 

This Willyam was a very great man with Henry the vi. 
and had gatherid by autorite great sum of treasoure for hym, 
of the which apon a tyme he tooke a certein part withowt 
licens to a feete || at his own pleasure, and setting owt a cer- 
tein navie of his own mynde was after encounterid with 
other shippes and taken, behedid, and the bodie of hym 
laide on the shore about Dovor side. 

This William's wife is honorably buried in the hospitale 
of Ewelme. 

Pole of Darbishire, beside the partition of the landes of 
Chaundoys that he hath with Bridges of Glocestreshir, hath 
partition of Muttons a knight sumtyme of Leircestershir 
with one Vincent, the which dwellith at Pekkerton, the George 
hedde house of the Muttons. Vincent. 

Syns I hard that Harington of Rutheland had parte of the 
Muttons landes. 

There was a Vicount of ... in Normandie caullid Ber- 
tine or Berthram Eintwesel that cam into Englande, and 
was much of the faction of King Henry the vi. and slayn at 
one of the batelles of S. Albane, and buried yn the paroche 
chirch of S. Albane under the place of the lectern in the 
quier, wher is a memorial of hym. 

There yet remaynith yn LeicshireT a mene gentilman of 
the name of Eintwesil. 

[* Leland left this blank, Heame adds Alice, referring to Part II, 
fo. 6, our vol. i, p. ii2.] 

It Ewelmelm in original.] \X Donnington Castle, Berks.] 

§ Hook Norton, Cb^on.] [|| he, t /eat or exploit.] 

[IT Leland first wrote Northamptonshire, the above correction is ap- 
parently in his hand, but Stow has the first] 



6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

There was a doughter of this [Gounte] Eintwesil caullid 

Lucy [of whom mastar Brudene] yn Northamptonshir des- 

cendith. 

fo. 7. * John Darcy* baron that dwellid at the lordship of 

[Snape, Snafe toward Trente in Lincolnshir betwixt Torkesey and 

Linc,^\ Gainesborow had to wife Marye the widow of Gounte 

S. Paule, doughter to Edwarde 2. alias Gairarvon, and sister 

to Edwarde the 3., and by her he had a sun caullid John. 

And he had with her . . . lordship in Darbyshir. This sun 

John Darcey maried Elisabeth doughter and heir to the 

Lord Menel. Darcy the sunne by this mariage was muche 

avancid. 

This John the sunne had by Elizabeth, John and Philippe, 
men childem. John died without issu. 
[KiTr^.jt Philip had 2. doughters, wherof the one was maried to 
Stranways, the other to Gonyers. 

The Lorde Menel was principal lorde of al Gliveland,* 
and al the gentilmen yn it for the most part did hold there 
landes of the Menel fee. And the Lorde Menel held of the 
Arche[bishop of] Gantewarbyri. Wherapon at this presente 
tyme the Archebishop hath 2. lordshipes of such landes as 
were the Menelles by north during the nonage of the Lord 
Gonyers that now is. 

Whorleton** in Gliveland was the principal house of the 
Lord Menelle, which syns cam to Mr. Strangways in par- 
tition. 

The Lord Menel was also Lord of Yam*^ lordship in 
Gliveland, Semar** and Midleton lordshipes in Gliveland, 
and Grenho* in the egge of Blakmore. Menel was also 
lord of other lordshipes in Gliveland. 

Menel was lord of al Ghiveot in Northumbreland and 
other ii. lordshippes there. Master Strangwaise and Gonyers 
after devided the landes betwene them of the Lord Falcon- 

[* At this point three leaves (fos. 7, 8, 9) are missing in vol. iv of 
the MS., they are found in the MS. vol. viii, where Burton inserted 
them as pages 41-46 (the old figures can be seen under the new), whence 
they are here printed * — *. Stow has them in due order.] 

[t Added by Burton.] 



» Cleveland. ^ Whorleton Castle. « Yarm. 

^ Seamer. • Greenhow. 



PART IV 7 

bridg, to whom Skelton Castelle in Cliveland longgid, the Yorka. 
which ys now in Coniers possession by partition, fo. 8. 

My Lorde Dakers of Gillesland told me that the Castelle 
of Nawarde" belongid sumtyme onto the Vaulx; and that it 
cam by heires generale yn to the handes of the Dakers 
afore or ever the landes of the barony of Greistoke felle 
onto them. He told me also that there is yet in those 
quarters a meane gentilman cauUid Vaulx of the house of 
Vaulx of Nawarde. 

Sins I lemid of Mr. Bowes that Cospatrik the chief lorde 
of Westmerland, Cumbreland and Northumbreland lay at 
Naward Castelle sumtyme as a place of his owne. But he 
thinkith that the Vaulx were re^fiers of it. 

The familie of the Chaveneis^ of Leycestershire cam, as I fo. 9- 
have lemid, out of the quarters of Poiters in Fraunce, wher Leicester- 
there be yet gentilmen of the same name. The first of "hire, 
them, as it is saide, cam out of that parte with the Blak 
Prince sunne to Edwarde the 3. after the batelle of Poiters, 
and had landes given him in Leircestreshire. The name of 
Chaveneis leasis yet remainith not very far from Bever 
Castelle. The Yerle of Rutheland hath them now. 

Chaveney that was great with the Blak Prince had 4. 
sunnes that were of Richard the secunde partie, of the which 
3. dyed in the quarelles betwixt Richard the 2. and Henry 
the 4., wherapon old Chaveney gave parte of his landes to 
Croxton Abbay and to Newbow: and Jening Chaveney 
superviving his father had summe parte. This man was 
graundfather to Chaveney now living. The land is almost al 
gone.* 

This familie took name of a paroche in Northumbreland, fo. 10. 
wher hath beene gentilmen of that name. Belingeham.^ 

Of later time there hath beene menne of estimation of 
this name in the town self of Kendale. wherof one is now 
in the courte a pensionar to the Kinge. 

The auncient house, as far as I can leme, that the Sannes Sannes. 
hath possessid is Choldretoun,"^ a mile and a half from Hampshire. 
Andoverin Hamptonshire; wher yet remainith a fair maner 
place buildid for the moste part of flint. 

• Naworth, Cumberland. ^ Chaveney. 

^ Bellingham. ^ East Cholderton. 



8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hampshire. The Vine by Basingstoke was also of the auncient landes 
of the Sannes,* but it was given owt in manage to one of the 
Brokesses: and so remainid ontil the late Lorde Sandes afore 
he was made baron recoverid it into his possession ; at the 
which tyme ther was no very great or sumptuus maner 
place, and was onely conteinid within the mote. But he 
after so translatid and augmentid yt, and beside buildid a 
fair base court, that at thys time it is one of the principale 
houses in goodly building of all Hamptonshire. The great 
encresing of the landes of this Syr William Sannes, after 
lord, cam by his wife nepos ex fratre to Syr Reynald Bray. 
This Bray going to Blakeheth Feeld left Sannes tanquam 
heredetn: and Bray after this feeld purchasid a thousand 
fo. II. markes of lande by the yere more then he had afore; and 
after died, leving no other wille then that that he made at 
the tyme of Blake-Heth feld. Wherapon great controversie 
rose, Sannes claiming the landes by the testament, and 
young Bray nepos ex fratre to Syr Reynald Bray. This con- 
troversie was after ended by the King and his counsel, that 
made a certen partition of Syr Reynald Bray's landes 
betwixt them. 

The Lorde Sannes that lately died made an exchaunge 
with the King, and gave Chelsey by Westminstre for Motes- 
font Priory ^ in Hamptonshire, wher he began to translate 
the old building of the priory, and to make a fair maner 
place, but the work is left onperfecte. 

The Lorde Sannes now beyng hath to wife the Erie of 
Ruthelan sister: and hath 4. sunnes and 6. doughtters yet 
living by her. 
Moriimar, I saw at Mr. Yorkes in a rolle of petygre 12. of the 
Mortimers sette owte in roundelettes, wherof the first was 
Hugh that cam yn, as it was written there, with the Con- 
querour King William. 

The secund was Roger founder, as it was there writen, of 
Wigmore Abbay in the marches of Wales. 

The 3. was Radulphe that weddid Gladuse Duy, doughter 
to Lleweline Prince of Wales. 

The syxt was Roger the first Erie of Marche, that had to 
wife the doughter of Geneville. 



* Sandes or Sandys family. 



^ Now Mottisfont Abbey. 



PART IV 9 

The last was Roger.* Durham. 

The Bowes were gentilmen in the Bisshoprike of Dirham fo. 12. 
long afore Henry the 5. tyme, and had the chief land and Bowes, 
house of theyr name that they have there, yet one of this Mourner de 
house caullid Syr Gul. Bowes was chaumbrelayne with the ^^^^^ 
Duke of Bedeforde, brother to Henry the 5. and uncle to 
the 6, and Protector and Governour in Fraunce; by whos 
favor Bowes, caullid in Frenche Mounser de Arches, being 
yn Fraunce with hym a xvij. yeres, waxid riche, and comming 
home augmentid his lande and fame. Bowes of the Kinges 
Counsel at Yorke is a younger brother of the chief house 
of the Bowes. And Bowes that was in Fraunce was great 
grauntfather to this Bowes of the Counselle. And he is 
also uncle to the best of the Bowes that now is. 

Syr William Bowes that was in Fraunce with the Duke of 
Bedeford did builde h fundamentis the manor place of 
Stretlam* in the Bisshoprik of Dirham, not far from Barnardes 
Castelle. 

The chief house and the aunciente of the name is in the 
bisshoprike at . . . 

Ros, that dwellith at Ingmanthorpe in Yorkshir a 2. miles Ros. 
a this side Wetherby, cummith of a yongger brother in 
descentes tjone past of the house of the Lord Ros. Wetherby 
longgid yn tjones paste also to the house of this Ros, and 
diverse other theraboute. 

Ther was a lorde in Hertefordeshire caullid the Lorde fo. 13. 
How. And his manor place by the name of How yet there The Lord 
partely remainith about the quarter of S. Albanes. '^<"«'- 

Syr Geofrey Boleyn Mair of London, as I hard, maried BoUine. 
one of the doughtters and heyres of the Lord How. 

This Sjn: Geffrey was Mair of London an. D. 1457. 

Syr Geffrey got togither about an 100. markes of lande. 

Syr Geffrey buildid a fair house of brike at . . . yn North- 
folke. 

Syr Geffrey died a great rich man. 

Syr Geffrey was borne at Thomege^ toward Walsingham, 

[* Leland first wrote Edmunde.] 



» Streatlam. * Thomey. 



lo LELAND'S ITINERARY 

a lordeship of the old landes of the Se of Norwich, and ther 
be yet sum husbandmen of that [name].* 

Geffrey had William, and he maried one of the 2. 
doughters and heires, and Seintliger the other, of Boteler 
Erie of Ormund and Lorde Rocheforde. 

William had Thomas lately Erie of Wileshire. 

But the lordeship of How in Hertefordeshir longgid a 
late to Richard Farmer, marchaunte of London, before the 
forefaicte takeij of hym for mesprision. 

Copley had a nother doughter and heir of the Lord Howe. 

Caro had a nother, of whom Syr Nicolas Carow, Master 
of the Horses, cam. 

The 4. was maried to [DevenisX], 

So that emong these 4. was a 320 A. landes by yere devidid. 

Mr. Gage, Controller of the Kinges Howse, hath the 
substance of the landes of the Sainct Clere that was the 
chiefest of that name yn Devonshire by the heire generale. 

One told me that much of the lande that Mr. Gage hath 
landes of the S. Clares in Kente.f 

There is yet m Devonshire one of the Sainct Cleres, a 
\ man of meately fair landes, that descendith of a yongger 

I brother of the principal house of S. Clere of Devonshire. 

I fo. 14. There hath beene of the Dalaunsons in Lincolnshir that 

^/&'*!t^'^ hath beene menne of very fair landes many yeres syns: 
but of laters dayes they wer not of any great landes ; not 
passing a C. li. or a C. markes. 

I askid Doctor Dalaunsun, brother to the heire of that 

name that now is, but he could telle me litle of that name 

or of the cumming up of it in Lincolnshir. 

Vere of Lin- Mr. Sheffeld told me that Dalaunsun of Lincolnshir hath 

colnshire, a part of the [landes] of Vere of Lincolnshir, that [came out] 

of the house of the Erles of [Oxfor]de. 

These thinges folowing I gatherid out of an old rolle 
of Master Streitley of Notinghamshir. 

StreytU alias Robcrtus Stretley pater ^ &* Robertus ejus filius vixerunt 
Siurley. primis annis Regni Edwardi primi, 

[♦ Supplied, L. T. S.] 

[t So Leland. Stow has it " One told me that mastar Gage hathe 
miche of the Clares lands in Kent"] 



« aliiu Daii- 

\ sunne. 



PART IV II 

Stretky habuit terras in Stretley, ChibvtlU (5r» Adingburgh. Notts. 

Hawisia uxor Roberti Stretley, 

Ermegarda uxor Roberii Siretley, 

Gulidmus Vavasor Vicecomes Regis Henrici 3. in Noting- 
hamshire dr* Darby shire^ ac custos Ca[strum] de Notinghatn. 

Harstane ac [Bo/esou]er. 

Ifarestan, Bolesover, Castella in Skardah 4. miUibus pas- 
suum a Chesterfeld, 

Robertus fi\lius Gu/,] Vavasor, 

Elisabeth ac Annora filia &* heredes Roberti Vavasor 
tempore Edwardi primi, 

Joannes Blakeburne, dr» Joannes Harington^ ac Matilde 
ejus uxor, consanguinea Roberti Stretie, filii Roberti, litiga- 
bant cum Roberto filio pro terris in Stretle, ChilweUe 6- 
Adingburgh, 

lidem litigabant cum Hawisia 2. uxore Roberti Stretley 
(ut ego colligo) patris, pro terris in Oxto[n] HoUbek S* 
Triberhaw, 

Sampson Stretley * miles ejusdem familia longo post tem- 
pore. 

The father of John Heydun began to gette sum land, and fo. 15. 
inhabited at Baconthorp, wher be likelihod the Bacons yn Heydune, 
tymes past had been men of sum reputation. Norfolk. 

John apperteinid al to the law, and purchasid landes, and 
began the front or the gate-house of the new maner place of 
Baconthorpe: and dyed withoute farther building there. 

Henry, sunne to John, passid not; of the gaines of the 
law, or to any great getting by service, but al for profite at 
home. And yet he did great feates. 

Fyrst he performid with an exceding cost the hole house 
wherof John began only the fronte. 

He purchasid 300. markes of land yn yerely rent. 

Wherof an hunderith li, by yere is at Wikam' by Lew- Surrey, 
sham in Surrey, toward Croydon, wher he buildid a right 
fair manor place, and a fair chirche. 

He left xl. It, land by yere to eche of his 2. yongger 
sunnes. 

[• Leland notes, " Strelley hie scriptum erat.*'] 



ft Wickham. 



12 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Surrey. John Heydun knight now lyving, sun to Henry. 

Al these 3. wer men of fair age: and al their landes cam 
by purchace. 
Townesende. The graundfather of Townesende now lyving was a meane 
man of substance. 

The father of Townesende now living got about a hun- 
derith pound of land by the yere with much traveling yn 
the law. 

Townesende now beyng, first by enclining to the law, and 
good husbandrie at home, hath encreasid his lande to the 
sum of a nother hunderith //. 

And this Towneshend now lyving by mariage of a doughter, 
heir generale to Hansarde of Lincolnshir, hath aboute 300. 
markes byside of landes and yerely rente. 

He hath had fair issue by this woman, so that his sunne and 
heire shaul be a man of a 600**. markes of land by the yere. 

Yet cam not al the landes of the Hanshardes to Townes- 
ende. For there be yet left of the name. 

The eldest house of the Gravilles is within a 2. miles of 
Banbyri at Drayton, the which village is in Oxfordshir. 

Sum hold opinion that the Gravilles cam originally in at 
the conquest. 

The first notable encrese of the landes of Graville of 
Draiton cam by one Lewis Graville, that maried Margaret 
the doughter and heire of a noble caullid Syr Giles Ardene. 
The wife of the which Syr Giles was namid Philip, and she 
likewise was a woman borne to faire landes. So that the 
possessions of Giles and Philip descendid onto Lewys 
Graville, whos fair tumbe is yet sene in the paroche chirch 
of Draiton. 

The sunne of Lewys had to wife the doughter and heire 
of one Corbette. 

And his sunne had the doughter and heire of one 
Pointez. 

And Court RoUes remayne yet at Draiton that the Gre- 
villes landes ons by yere [were] • 3300. markes. 
Sussex. And Gravilles had Knap-Castel' and Bewbusch-Parke 

[* No blank in Leland, but supplied by Stow.] 



Hansard of 
Lincolnshir, 



fo. 16. 
Graville, 

Oxon. 



" Knepp Castle. 



PART IV 13 

and other landes in Southsax by descentes of theire name: Sussex. 
the which afore longid to the Breoses; and sins after much 
sute and composition they cam to the Hawardes Dukes of 
Norfolk. 

Ther was one of the Gravilles of Draiton after that they Oxon. 
cam to the great landes that much usid the se and dyed in 
warfare. This Graville left one Somerton, a meane gentilman 
of Draiton in Oxfordeshire, a peace of whos house as in a 
gate yet remainith, to whom he left his land in feoment 
withowt declaration of wylle to any use. Wherapon Somer- 
ton sold much of it, and sum convertid to his owne heires, 
the name of whom a late remiained. And thus began the 
land to decay. 

And the graunt-father of the heire of Graville of Drayton 
yet lyving sold much. 

Gravilles of Drayton claime to be heyres to the Lord fo. 17. 
Denham. 

Graville now lyving heir of Draiton is a man of a 400. 
markes of land by the yere. 

The yongger brother of the heir of Draiton now lyving Fulco Gra- 
hath a good peace of the Lorde Brokes land by an heir «**'^- 
generale. 

Ther hath beene divers other of the Gravilles as yongger 
brethem of the house of Draiton that hath purchacid fair 
landes, and otherwise cum to landes by manage of heires 
generalles. 

Though a great peace of the landes of Giles Arden cam 
to Lewys Graville,* yet is ther one Arden at this tyme in 
Warwikeshir that is a man of a 300. markes of land by 
yere. 

This Pointes afore rehercid f cam thus oute of the house 
of Pointz of Acton in Glocestershir. Roberte Pointz had 2. 
sunnes, Nicolas and Thomas. 

Thomas had landes given onto hym an honest portion by 
Robert his father. 

Thomas had a sunne cauUid Roberte, and this Robert 
lefte heire, or heires general maried to one of the Gravilles 
of Draiton. 

[* Leland here corrects to Greville^l 

[t Addition by Leland referring to fo. 16, before, p. 12,] 



14 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY 



Menelleof 
Darhishtr, 



fo. i8. 



INewhall, 
Derbyshire,^ 



Clarevaix, 

Finez Lard 
Dacres. 
Fina Lord 
Clinton, 
Finez Lorde 
Saye. 



Wikam of 
Broughton, 



fo. 19. 
Throkmertnn, 
Worcester- 
shire. 



Part of this landes given owt is sins partely by purchase, 
partely by exchaunge, retumid to the Pointz of Acton. 

One Menelle, a gentilman of reputation in Darbyshire, 
owner of Langeley betwixt Rocester and Darby, and of 
Ascheton on Trent in Darbishir, that is within lesse then 2. 
miles of Duningtune-Castelie yn Leircestreshir, and also of 
Newhaul not far from Burton apon Trent, left 3. doughters, 
whereof one part, that is to say Langeley, cam by descent of 
one of the sisters, doughters to Menelle, onto Mr.* Basset 
of Derbyshire. 

Asscheton cam by a nother to one Hunte.* 

Newhaul cam to the lot of Dedike in pardon [Ppartition] : 
and so evrey one of them had a 100. markes by yere and a 
manor place. 

The Baron of Hilton in the Bisshoprik of Duresme maried 
the heyre of the Clarevalx by Tese: but she hath bene long 
maried and hath no childem. 

The Lord Dacres of the south is cauUid Fines by propre 
name; and so is cauUid the Lord Clinton. There was also 
in Henry the v. and the vi. tyme one of the Lorde Sayes 
caullid Fynez. 

The last of the Lorde Sayes being in renowme was twise 
taken prisoner, wherby he was much punishid by the purse. 
Wherapon he was fain to lay most part of his land to mor- 
gage and solde clerely part of it. So that sins the name of 
the barony of Say is extinctid, but the heire males of the 
Lord Say in descent yet remainith caullid by the name of 
Fines. 

Richard Farmer's doughter hath maried the heires of these 
Finez, a man of fair landes booth yn Oxfordeshire and 
Southamptonshire. But his most landes cam by descentes 
onto hym by the heir generale of one Wikam, maried into 
this house of the Finez. 

Wikam was owner of the lordeship and fair maner place 
of Broughton in Oxfordshire about a mile from Banbyri.* 

John Throkmerton was the first setter up of his name to 
any worship in Thorkmertun village, the which was at that 
tyme nother of his inheritaunce nor purchace, but as a thing 

[* FoL 18 is missing in vol. iv, but is found in vol. viii as pages 39, 
4a Printed here * — *.] 



PART IV 15 

taken of the sete of Wiccestre in farme, bycause he bare the Worcester- 
name of the lordeship and village. thire. 

This John was Under-Treasorer of Englande about the 
tyme of Henry the v. and lyith biried at the paroche of 
Flatbyri a lordship of his a 6. miles from Eovesham in 
[Worcester *]shire. wher be other of his name and linage . 
buried in the same chirch. 

This John had a sunne and heire cauUid Thomas. 

Thomas had a sun and heire caullid John. 

John had Roberte. 

Robert had Sjn: George Thorkmertun. 

George had a sun and heir caullid Sr. Robert, and he hath 
Thomas. 

The Throkmertons landes be augmentid by manage with 
the heires of Spiney and Olney. 

The firste setting up of the house of the Nedams of 
Chestershir cam but a 2. descentes from the heir of the 
Nedams now lyving, and being a knighte by one Nedam a 
iuge yn the law. 

One Ecmundetoun, a gentilman of auncient name, maried Yorkshire, 
one of the heires generales of the Lorde Davelles. Wherby Tke Lard 
he and his heires yet have a manor place of his yn the Masse ^^^^\ 
a part of Yorkshir, at Fokerby* in the paroch of Ethelingflete,* Ecmundetun, 
wher an arme castith owte of Ure. 

This Fokerby is aboute half a mile from Ethelingflete. 

Ethelingflet is the best toun of al Masse land, and yet it 
ys but an uplandeisch town. 

There be buried, as I harde, one or 2. of the Davelles yn 
the paroch chirch of EtheHng[flet]. 

Ecmundetown hath beside l[andes] of the Spaines. Spayne, 

And of one of the Stapletons. StapUtun, 

Ecmundeston landes cum now to a 140. li. landes by 
yere. 

[Ethelingflete vj. myles beyond Buterwyke.] 

^i^Turwith f now being yn the courte a late a haunchman fo. 20. 

[* In another hand.] 

[t Eighteen leaves are here missing in vol. iv, viz., fos. 20-37. Of 
these only six, fos. 20-25 are found in vol viii, with Burton's paging as 



* Masse, a manorial estate (Lat. massa), the mansion at Fockerby. 
^ Adlingfleet. 



i6 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY 



Lincoln- 
shire. 



Bssez. 



Babiharf of 
IVarwikeshir 
cam out of 
the House 
ofBabthorp 
of Yorkeshir, 



fo. 21. 

MofUeforte of 

Richemont' 

shir. 



hath maried the heir generale of the eldest house of the 
Oxenbridges of Southsax, by whom he shaul have 140. //. 
lande by yere. 

This yonge Turwhit is sun and heir to olde Turwhites 
sunne of Lincolnshire. 

Master Estsax of Barkshire cummith oute of the house of 
Estsaxis long sins knighttes of fame yn Estsax. The landes 
of Estsax of Estsax were disparkelid, and the glorie of that 
familie was almost extinctid. 

One William Estsax that died a 60. yeres ago was a poli- 
tike felaw, and in favor of the King, and was Under Tresorer 
of the Excheker, the which office Mr. Weston a late had. 
This Estsax purchacid landes aboute London, and is byried 
in an isle of the chirch of the late priory of S. Barptolemes in 
Smithefeld in London. 

This William Estsax sun and heir maried the doughter 
and heire of Babthorpe of Warwikeshir, and by her had a 
hunderith markes by yere of landes. 

Estsax now lyving, sun to the doughter of Babthorp, toke 
to wife the doughter and sole heire of Rogers of Barkeshir, 
and by her he had 300. markes of landes by the yere in 
Barkeshir and theraboute. 

Rogers of Barkshir cam owt of the house of Rogers of 
Dorsetshir, and 3. of them dwelt by descent in Barkshire. 

The landes of the Montefortes of Richemontshir hath 
beene devidid to heires generale, and so decayed. Of late 
one of the Montefortes dyed, and left 2. doughters that hath 
yn devision a 240. //. landes by yere. 

This Monteforte lay much at Hecforth* in Richemont- 
shire wher as Cuthebert Tunstale Bisshop of London was 
borne, base sunne to Tunstal, as I hard, by one of the 
Coniers doughters. 



25-36 (printed here * — *). The other twelve leaves seem to have been 
lost before Stow's time, as his cop^ runs on from fo. 25 (in MS. voL viii) 
to fo. 38 (MS. vol. iv). Heame did not notice this, he thinks that Stow 
left out many things, and abridged the eighteen leaves '* according to 
his own fancy" ("Itinerary," first edition, 1710-12, vol. ix,p. 179); 
Stow certainly did this in some places, but not in this instance. J 



a Hackforth, Yorkshire. 



PART IV 17 

Girdelington marled one of the doughters of Montefort, Yorkshire, 
and his sunne now dwellith in Hacforth. 

One of the Coniers maried the other doughter of Monte- 
fort. 

As for as I could gather of yong Walgreve of the courte Walgreue. 
the eldest house of the Walgreves cummith owt of the 
towne of Northampton or ther aboute, and ther yet remayn- Northants. 
ith in Northamtonshire a man of landes of that name. 

One of the Walgreves descending of this house hath a 
manor place in Southfolke at Smaulbridge not far from Sud- 
byri. Old Syr William Walgreve, graundfather to Walgreve 
of the courte, cummith of this house, but his landes most ly 
in the weste contery. For ther he hath ii. houses ; Pynne ' a 
3. miles from Excester, and Spaxton aboute Bridge-Water. 
This Spaxtun was one HiUes. Pynne was longging to one 
Cheney. This Cheyney had Hilles landes by an heire 
generale. Cheney died leving too doughters, wherot the one 
was maried to Walgreve. 

The auncient land and maner place of the Sheffeldes of fo. 22. 
Axholme was by the Spitle streat in Lincolnshir at a place 
caullid Hemmeswelle; and from thens they cam to Butter- 
wik** in Axholme. 

The Lord Clynton that now lyvith had a noble man to 
his greate grauntfather that was Erie of Huntendune. And 
he beyng, and sun also, taken prisoner yn Fraunce was 
putte to so great rawnsum that ther the glory and landes of 
that familie sore decayed. 

The Vicount Duddeley now being is of the Buttons that [J^hn Dudley 
maried the heyres general of the Dudeleys. ^'^^^uHL 

He cummith by his mother side of the Talbot, Lord or ^^%^^^ 
Vicounte Lisle. 34*^. 8. 

The Vicount Lisle now bej^g derivith hymself from the i543»]* 
Erie Somerey and the Lorde Thays. 

Dykeby, as far as can be conjectid, cummith by lineal 
descent owt of the towne of Dikeby,*' a village yn Lincoln- 

[• Burton's note.] 



• The Pynes, Exeter. ^ Spittal; Butterwick, Lincolnshire. 

o Digby. 

C 



i8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Lincoln- 
shire. 



Stoki in 
Ruikeland, 

Stoke Dttu- 
betuyin 
Northamp' 
tomhir. 



fo. 23. 



shire, wher as yet the heir of the eldest house of the Dike- 
byes hath a x. //. land by the yere. 

As far as I can leme the eldest place that the Dikebyes of 
Lincolnshir had in Leircestreshire was at Tilton not far from 
Shevingtunne. 

At Palmesunday feld Digeby* the best of that stok namid 
Everard, as I remembre, was slayne civiU bello betwixt 
Henry and Edward, and the landes of hym was attaintid, 
but after restorid. 

Thist Dikeby had by heire general as by his wife, as I re- 
membre, a manor and a place at it cauUid Stoke by Luding- 
ton the Bisshop of Lincolns place in Ruthelandshire, the 
which afore longgid to one Gierke. 

Stoke Dawbeney, as I hard say, is not in Ruthelande, but 
in Northamptonshir. 

One of the Dikeby, sunne to Dykeby attaintid, was of the 
bande of the Duke of Claraunce, brother to King Edwarde 
[the fourthe]:. 

At the cummingyn of Henry the 7., vi. brethem al of the 
Dikeby of Tilton and Stoke cam to King Henry the vii. at 
Bosworth Feld, and toke his part: wherof 3. wer welle 
rewardid. 

And one of this 3. had attaintid landes given hym in 
Leircestreshire to the value of a hunderith markes by the 
yere, and after was Knight Mareschal of the Kinges Mares- 
challery, but after for escape of certen prisoners he left his 
office paying much of the forfect, wherby he was compellid 
to selle his stokke of the staple in Calays wher he occupied: 
and then King Henry the vii. offerid hym a great office in 
the marches of Calays for mony, the wich he forsakid not 
withoute summe indignation of the King, and Vaulx the 
riche knight after had it. 

This Dikeby had also a peace of the Bellars landes, and 
bought besides a part or 2. of the same lordship that he was 
partener yn. 

Eche of these 2. houses of the Dikebys % hath now almost 
equale landes, a 360. markes by the yere. 

[* Lelvid first wrote Digeby, then corrected it to Dikeby,"] 
[t Leland wrote Thid.l 

[i The words '^ of the Dikehys " are interlined. Stow and Heame 
misplaced them, but a caret shows the right reading, as above.] 



PART IV 



19 



William Pole Duke of Southfolk maried the Countes of 
Henaude secretely, and gotte a doughtter by her that was 
after maried to Syr William Barentine's graundfather now 
being, but Chaucher doughter and heir was after solemnly* 
maried to William Duke of Southfolk, by whom he had very 
fair landes, and she provid Barentines wife doughter to the 
Countes of Renault to be but a bastarde. 

Barentine for making a riot on Duke William's wife lost a 
100. //. lande by the yere. 

Olde Fortescue doughter in Henry the vii. tymes maried 
the simne and heire of Stoner. 

And after, as I hard, old Fortescue sunne maried the 
doughter and heire of Stoneher. 

Fortescue that late was behedid had by Stoners heire 
generaul 2. doughters: wherof one was maried to the Lord 
Wentforth now lyving, the other to Fitz-Gerald that was 
hanggid: but now booth partes be cum [to the] Lord Went- 
[forth]. 

The Bisshop of Wincester hath a ferme place agayne S. 
Dionise yn Hamptonshir on the farther side of the haven 
cauUid Bitheme. At this Bitherne remayne yet tokens and 
mines of a castelle. 

Sir Arture Hopton told me that the substance of the 
landes that he hath longgid to the Swillingtons that sum tyme 
were menne of 2000. markes of landes by the yere or more. 

The chief house of the Swillingtons was at Suillington yn 
Yorkshire a 4. miles from Pontefract castelle toward tiie 
quarters of the ryver of Aire. 

This Swillington ys yet in Syr Arture Hopton's handes, 
and ys the principal pece of land that he hath. (It was a 
late sold to Master North, and he exchaungid with Syr 
George Darcy for Einesham.f) 

Such landes as Syr Arture Hopton hath by the Swilling- 
tons yn south aboute the quarters of Blitheborow be of the 
tenure of Richemont feode. 

Syr Arture told me that the Lorde Marquise hath a good 
peace of land that was Swillingtons. 



William Pole 
Duke of 
Southfolk, 
Barentine, 
Chaucer, 



fo. 24. 

Biihem 
Castelle, 
[Hants.] 

Swillington, 
[Yorks.] 



[* MS. has solemnyJ] 

[t Eynsham. This paragraph was written by Leland in the margin 
^t a Uter time.] 



20 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



BssesL 
TumbeU- 
sUmne nunc 
Plescy. 



fo. 25. 



(iileaveslost, 
see p. 16,11^^.) 

fo. 38. 
Lancashire. 



Syr Arture told me that he ys the syxte or the eight of the 
Hoptons that hath enherited Swillingtons landys. 

Ankerwike nunnery a lite above Stanes on the Tamise 
bank on Midlesax side. 

Litle Morley' a nunry sum what above Windesore bridge 
on the Tames side in Bukinghamshire. 

One of the coUege of Plescy** yn Estsax told me that he 
hath hard of men of knowlege that the toun and place 
wher the castelle now standith was of auncient tyme caullid 
Tumblestoun, and that the new name is writen thus, Castel 
de Placeto. 

It longgid to the Mandevilles: but whither they had it 
straite after the Conquest or no I cannot know for a surety. 

Ther was a great man caullid de Placetes that maried the 
heire general of the Erie of Warwik. 

Thomas Erie of Bukingham sunne to Edward the 3. was 
[ownar] of this castelle: and b[uyldyd] the college there. 

This Thomas maried Elenor doughter, and one of the 
heires general of Humfre de Bohun Erie of Hereford, and 
had by her a doughter caullid Anne. 

Elenor is buried in S. Edmundes chapelle at Westminster. 

Stafford Erl of Staford maried Anne doughtter and heir to 
Thomas and Elenor. 

Syns one Humfrede Duke of Bokingham was buried with 
his wife and 3. of his sunnes at Plascey, wher of one, as I 
hard, was Erie of Wilshir.^^ 

The Gray Freres College in the north-west side of the 
toune of Preston in Acmundrenes was sette in the soile of a 
gentilman caullid Prestun, dwelling yn the town self of 
Preston, and a brother or sunne of his confirmid the first 
graunt of the site of the house, and one of these 2. was after 
a great man of possessions, and Vicount of [GumuLSton\ as 
I hard say, in Ireland. 

Diverse of the Prestons were buried yn this house. 

But the original and great builder of this house was Ed- 
munde Erie of Lancastre, sunne to Henry the thyrde. 

Syr Robert Holand, that accusid Thomas Erie of Lan- 
castre of treasun, was a great benefactor to this house, and 
ther was buried. 



* Little Marlow. 



Pleshey. 



PART IV 21 

This Holand, as I hard, was founder of the Priory of Lancashire. 
Holand, a place of blak munkes by Latham in Lancastre- 
shir. 

Ther lay in the Gray Freres at Prestun divers of the Shir- 
bums and Daltuns gentilmen. 

Ther was a hous of ... . Freres at Waringtun. 

Ther was a house of Blak Freres at Dancaster. 

The toun of Prestun longith to the dukedum of Lancastre. fo. 39. 

Ribchestre is a vij. miles above Preston on the farther 
ripe of Ribyl as Prestun is. 

Ribchestre is now a poore thing, it hath beene an aun- 
cient towne. Great squarid stones, voultes, and antique 
Coynes be founde ther: and ther is a place wher that the 
people fable that the Jues had a temple. 

WhauUey ' Abbay a 4. miles above Ribecestre on th« same 
ripe. 

Sawley Abbay a . . . miles above that, but it stondith 
ripa citeriori. 

There is no bridge on Rible betwixt Prestun and the se. 

It flouith and ebbith in RibyP most communely more 
then half way up betuixt Prestun and Ribcestre, and at ragis 
of spring tydes farther. 

I redde in a book of Master Garter's that one of the So- 
mersetes did mary with a doughter of the Hollandes. Ed- 
munde Duke of Somerset. 

Mr. Milles of Hampton ° told me that be old sayinges the 
toun of Hampton sumtymes stoode aboute Wood-Milles, at 
the mouth of Winchestre ^ Ryver, not far from Newhampton. 

And he said also that the old toim was brent by the 
pinesses of the Spaniardes. 

The Giles of Oxfordshir were of some caullid shortly DcylUy, 
Doilly for de Oilleio. 

Cute of a RoUe of the olde Erles of Shrobbesbyri. fo. 40. 

Rogerus de Belesmo, Erie of Shrobbesbyri and founder of Shropshire, 
the Abbay of Shrobbesbyri, was buried in our Lady Chapelle 
of Shrobbesbyri Abbay. 

There were 3. sunnes of this Rogerus de Belesmo buried 

• Whalley. »> Ribble r. 

^ SouthamptOD. ^ Itcheo r. 



22 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Shropshire, yn the Chapitre House of the Abbay of Shrobbesbyri : wher- 
of one was caullid Hughe de Belesme. 

* (The Erie of Shrobbesbyri, of whom -^neas Sylvius Bis- 
shop of Rome doth make right famose mention, was slayn in 
Fraunce, and his eldest sunne, [fy his second wi/e]^ that was 
Lord Lisle, with hym. 

Then was the [eldest] t sunne of the Erie [elder] t brother 
to the Lorde Lisle made Erie, and after was slayne or be- 
heddid at Northampton-feelde. 

This Erie had diverse sunnes and doughters. 

Emong whom John was the eldest, and was Erie, beyng a 
good simple manne, and died at Coventre non sine suspitione 
veneni. 

This John had emong his brethem one caullid Gilbert 
Talbot, after a knight of fame, the which buried the Erie his 
grandfathers bones brought out of Fraunce at Whitechirche 
in a fair chapelle, wher he is also buried hymself. 

The Erie John lefte George his heir and Erie after hym. 
George left Fraunces now Erie. 



fo. 41. 



Owte of the Petygre of the Talebotes Barons. 



Philip Talebot was a man of fair landes in Herefordshir 
and Glocestershir, and was buried at Cerdingfeld,' wher he 
had a fair lordship. 

Gilbert Talbot his sunne made the Priory of Wormisley, 
and ther was buried, and dyvers after of his line.) 

The propre name of the Lord Audeley now beyng ys in 
olde bookes written Touchet, and not Twichet 

I saw in a booke of Master Garther's of the Nevilles 
that William Neville, sunne to Da Raby and Jane the base 
doughter of John a Gaunte, was Erl of Kent. But looke 
more for the treuth of this. 
LangevtUe, The eldest house or manor place of the Langevilles yet 

[* These passages between ( ) are written on the verso of fo. 40 and 
recto of fo. 41, upside down. Leiand evidently thus made additions to 
his notes from the Shrewsbuiy Roll.] 

[t Leiand wrote second and yongger\ Barton has written elder and 
eldest on those words.] 



Touchet. 



NeviUeErU 
of Kent. 



* Irchenfield. 



PART IV 23 

remaynith at Litle-Billinge, about a 3. miles est from North- 
ampton : and ther ly divers of them buried. 

Syns of later tymes half the barony of Roche in Wales cam 
by manage to them : and therby also landes in other partes.* 

The lingevilles of later tymes hath lyen and buildid fairly 
at Wolverstun ' in Bukinghamshire [n€re Stony-Stratford\. 

Langeville an 103. yeres old made his landes from his 
heires general to his bastard sunne Arture. The yonger bas- 
tard is now heir. 

Hedington ^ [in Wiltshire,] 

Hedington of auncient tyme was a prebende longging to fo» 4^ ▼ 
Rumesey an abbay of nunnes in Hampshire. Wilts. 

Hedington Prebend was an hunderith markes by the yere 
and more. 

Hedington, Bisshop of Winchester, t was borne at this Hed- 
ington. 

Hedington the Bisshop beyng cheefe rular of England with^ 
King Edwarde the 3. and Edwarde the [Black Pnnce] § did 
war yn Fraunce. 

Hedington buildid a fair new chirch at Hedington, and 
there made a collie ¥ritii a deane and xii. ministers, wherof 
parte were prebendaries. 

Hedington caussid the Prebende of Hedington to be re- 
movid from the title of Rumesey, and to be impropriated to 
his college. 

Hedington procurid beside a 200. markes of landes by 
yere to his college. 

And this was doone about the time that King Edward 
wan Calays. 

Prince Edward caullid the Blak Prince had a great favor fo. 42. 
to the Bones-Homes beyond the se. Wherapon cumming 
home he hartely [besought] || Bisshop Hedington to chaunge 
the ministers of his college into Bones-Homes. Hedington 

[* MS. has paries a/so, the two words are interlined.] 

[t William EdendoD or Edington, bishop of Winchester, 1346-1366.] 

[t MS. wt/.l 

[§ No blank, Leland*s omission.] 

[II Stow. Leland omits.] 



» WoWerton. *> Edington. 



24 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Wiilughby 
first Lord 
Brooke of that 
Namt, 



fo. 43- 



Wilts, at his desier entreatid his collegians to take that ordre. And 
so they did al saving the Deane. 

Hedington sent for ii. of the Bones-Homes of Asscheruge ^ 
to rule the other xii. of his college. 

The elder of the ii. that cam from Asscheruge was caullid 
John Ailesbyri, and he was the first rector at Hedington. 

Hedington gave greate substance of mony and plate onto 
his college. 

One Blubyri, a Prebendary of Saresbyri * and executor of 
the wille of Hedington, caussid a great benefice of the 
patronage of Sceaftesbyri* monastery to be impropriate to 
Hedington. 

Blubyri, as I hard, was buried at Hedington. 

Syr Richard Penley a knight gave the lordship of Ildesle 
in Barkshire a 2. miles from Wantage, a market toune. 
This Penley lay long at Hedington, and ther died and was 
biried. 

Rouse a knight gave to Hedington his fair Lordship of 
Bainton, aboute half a mile from Hedington. 

Rouse ys buried at Hedington. 

John Willoughby that cam out of Lincolnshire and maried 
an heire general of the Lorde Broke, and after was Lord 
Brooke hymself, lyith buried at Hedington, and was a bene- 
factor to that house. 

As I remembre, the sunne of this Lord Broke was steward 
of King Henry the vii. house; and his sunne was the thirde 
Lorde Brooke of that name.^^ f And he had a sunne by his 
firste wife, and that sunne had ii. doughters maried to Daltery 
and Graville. 

He had by a nother wife sunnes and doughters. 

The sunnes, toward yong men, died of the sweting sykenes. 
The Lord Mounjoye % now lyving maried one of tiie dough- 

[• This seems to be John of Blebury, Prebendary of London. See 
Le Neve's Fasti, ed. 1854, vol. ii, 439.] 

[t Another leaf, 43, here missing in Leland's MS., vol. iv, is found 
as pa^es 37, 38, in the miscellaneous vol. viii. Printed above between 

[t Charles Lord Mounjoye who died 1544. 36. H. 8. — Bnrton,\ 



Ashridge, Bucks. 



Shaftesbury. 



PART IV 25 

ters; PoUette sun and heire to the Lord • S. John maried 
the other. 

Mr. Hopton of Blitheburg told me that there appere at a Suffolk, 
litle village caullid Wenhestun' about half a mile above 
Blitheburg on the same side of the ripe that Blitheburg is on 
certen dikes and tokins wher sum great notable place. And Sic. 
sum devine that ther was sum great place of the kinges of the 
Easte Angles, and that ther about was the olde abbay that 
Bede spekith of in historie. 

Sum say that the castelle and abbay that Bede spekith of 
was on the farther side of Blithe, wher a creke cummith yn 
a mile from Dunewiche, and about a mile and a half from 
Blitheburge at a place caullid . . . hille wher yet appere 
dichis and hilles, wherof one is notable: and this is more 
likely to be the place that Bede spekith of.^ 

Mr. Sheffeld told me that afore the old Erie of Oxford fo. 44. 
tyme, that cam yn with King Henry the vii., the Castelle of 
Hengham ^ was yn much mine, so that al the building that 
now ys there was yn a maner of this old Erles building, ex- 
cept the gate-house and the great dungeon toure. 

Mr. Sheffelde told me that a litle beside Colne Priorie yn 
Estsax, wher the Erie of Oxford usid to be buried, was a 
manor place of theirs, the dikes and the plotte wherof yet 
remaj^e, and berith the name of the Haulle Place. 

Syns the mine of this manor place the Erles hath buildid 
hard by the priory. 

Borow Castelle standith aboute the quarters of Laistofte^ 
yn Southfolk. Great mines of the waulles of this castelle yet 
appere. 

Purefey f an alyance of JeofTrey father of H. the 2d. came 

[* William Pawlet created Lord S. John of Basing 9th March, 
30 H. 8. 1538. 

[These two notes, added by Burton in the margin of Leland*s MS., 
are useful to help settle the date of Leland's journey.] 

[t This paragraph, later than Stow's copy, was not written by Leland. 
As suggested in a note, vol. iv, p. 25 of second edition, this may have 
been added by one of the Purefoys (into whose possession Lehind's 



*■ Wenhaston, near Blythbureh. 
^ Henham. <" Burgh Castle, Lowestoft. 



26 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

with hym into England, took parte with his wife Dame Maude 
the Empress against K. Steven, dwelt first in Tyckell Castell in 
Yorkshyre, after setled beside Lutterworth in Leyrcestershyre in 

Sasture grondes, called after his name, maned one of the 
aughters and heires of Waure (of Waver or Over,*) and the 
heyr of Shircforde in Warwickshire : after maried Ayotes heir 
in Buckinghamshyre. (Thomas*) a yonger sonne in Edwarde 
the Thirdes tyme maried Whellosborow^he daughter and one 
of his heyrs, and one other maried Norbunes daughter and heyer 
with Bingham's heyr, who was heyr to Strelley of Lynby, and 
he to Chamelx and Hunt A yonger of that yonger maried 
Brettz heir who was Palmers, and an (other*) yonger in that 
discent maried one of Hardwikes heyers, who was heyr of 
Flaunders, Foundny, Lynley, Ashbroc and Bugg. 

fo. 45. Ponsbyri * is but an uplandisch tounlet, and is 4. miles 

Shropshire, toward the south west from Shrewsbyri. There risith a 

brooke out of an hille therby caullid Ponslithe a litle above 

the towne, and thens renning goith into Severn aboute half 

a mile above Shrewsbyri toun. 

Ponsbyri is ultra Sabrinam^ as Shrewsbjrri is : but it [is] 
of oft Seveme ripe a 3. miles by . . . 

In the chirch of Ponsbyri is a dene and 3. prebendaries. 
Cole, Subdene of the Kinges Chapel, late Dene of Ponsbyri, 
did much coste ther of the Mansion House. Ther be 2. 
other fair houses of the prebendaries. 

The Lorde Powys is patrone ther. 

On the south side of the chirche yarde appere greate tokens 
and stones faullen downe of a great manor place or castelle: 
and therby yet remaynith the name of the castelle paviment. 

A quarter of a mile or more of from Ponsbjrri Chirch is a 
wood caullid Hokstow-Forest^ longging to the Icmlship of 
Caourse. 

In the midle way betwixt the chirch of Ponsbyri and this 
wood appere certen mines of a castel or pile apon % longging 
also to the Lord Powys. From this hille a man may see to 
Shrousbyri and other partes there aboute. 

MSB. came, see Introduction, vol. i, p. xviii). The passage has been 
corrected by a later hand again.] 

[* Interhned by later hand.] [t I.e., offfrom,] 

\X Sic] 

■ Pontesbury. *> Hogstow Forest. 



PART IV 



27 



Martinus de 
Turribus, 



Wilts. 

Bedwine 

CastelU. 

fo. 46. 



Warwicks. 



The wood and foreste of Hokstow hath dere and is * large, Shropshire, 
and one way cummith almost to Caourse Castelle ' longging 
now to the Lorde Stafford. 

The chauntor of S. Davides tolde me that one Martinus 
de Turribus a Norman wan the countrey of Kemmeys in 
Wales, about the tyme of King William Conqueror; and that 
this Martinus foundid the abbay of S. Dogmael in Kemeis, 
and that he lyith buried in the quier there. 

There hath bene at . . . Bedwine in Whileshire a castelle 
or forteres, the mines and plot wherof is yet seene, and the 
towne there is privilegid in parlament for a burges town. 

There is yn the countery of Denbigh in Wales a chapelle 
by a paroch chirch in a place caullid corruptely Nanclin for 
Nantglin by Astrat-brooke,** where as divers sainctes were 
of auncient tyme buried. 

The toune of Strateford is apon Avon ryver in ripa ulter^ 
as men cum from London to it, and stondith juste vii. [myles] 
above Eovesham, and then 2. miles to Warwik apon Avon. 

The bridge ther of late tyme was very smaulle and ille, 
and at hygh waters very harde to passe by. Wherapon in 
tyme of mynde one Cloptun, a great rich marchant, and 
Mayr of London, as I remember, borne about Strateforde, 
having never wife nor childem convertid a great peace of 
his substance* in good workes in Stratford, first making a 
sumptuus new bridge and large of stone, wher in the midle 
be a vi. great arches for the maine streame of Avon, and at 
eche ende certen smaul arches to bere the causey, and so to 
passe commodiusly at such tymes as the ryver risith. 

The same Clopton made in the midle of the towne a right 
fair and large chapdle, enduing it with 50. h, lande, as I hard 
say, by the yere, wher as v. prestes doth sjmg. And to this 
chapel longgith a solemne fraternite. And at such tyme as 
needeth, the goodes of this fraternite helpith the commune 
charges of the towne in tyme of necessite. 

The fair that longith to Stratford is a thing of a very great 
concourse of people for a 2. or 3. dayes. 

Here marke that Tewkesbyri, Persore,*' Eovesham, . . . 

[• His in Leland's MS.] 



» Cawres (Cause) Castle. 



*> Astiad. 



^ Pershore. 



28 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 47. 
Suffolk. 



Saresbyri, 



Warwicks. Stratford and Warwik stande al on the farther ripe of Avon 
river. 

There is one Clopton a man of fair landes that dwellith 
by Strateforde apon Avon, and of likelihod much set up by 
Clopton Mair of London. 

George Ferras told me that the men of Dunewich desiring 
socour for their town againe rages of the se, adfirme that a 
great peace of a foreste sumtyme therby ys devourid up, and 
turnid to the use of the se. 

The towne of New-Windelesore ' was erectid sins that 
King Edwarde the 3. reedefied the castelle there. 

Egidius Bisshop of Saresbyri ** was a great helper to per- 
forming of the cathedral chirch there. 

This Egidius, as sum say, buildid the fair stone bridge 
caullid Harnham at Saresbyri, and so was the high-way 
westward made that way, and Wilton way lefte, to the mine 
of that towne. 

I harde say also that this Egidius made the Collie of the 
Scholars of Vaubc in Saresbyri. 

Walterus de La Ville, Bisshop of Saresbjni, erectid the 
College of S. Edmunde in Saresbyri. 

Nicolaus de S. Quintino was first provost of S. Edmundes, 
and lyith buried there. 

There is an hospital in Saresbyri nere the Collie of the 
Scholars de Vaulx, and is, as I remembre, dedicate to S. 
Nicolas. 

Mr. Balthasar told me that he found about the cliffes of 
the Heremitage of Dovar serpentes tumid into stone; and 
rounde stones of a good biggenes aboute the shore parte of 
the doune of Dovar, the which broken shoid to have had 
much metalle, but broking and byding the fier they came to 
assches. 

Bolsover is a fair lordship of the Kinges in Scardale a 4. 
miles from Chesterfeld: wher as yet remainith a great build- 
ing of an olde castelle. 

There is a praty townelet by Bolsover castelle bering the 
same [? name] now. 

Mr. Ferrars told me that one of the Tames did make the 
fair chirch of Fairford a litle above S. John's bridge on Ise, 



fo. 48. 
Derbyshire. 



■ New Windsor. 



^ Salisbury. 



PART IV 29 

There was an house of a few nunnes by Crepilgate withyn 
the waulle of LfOndon. 

Then came one Elsing, a marchaunt of London, and got 
this house of the king, and sett chanons regular ther, erect- 
ing an hospitale also and enduing it with landes: and syns 
the house bare the name of Elsing Hospitale. 

Thinges that I hard of Mr. HauUe of Huntingdon. 

The Erie Ferrars was a lord and owner about Eynisbyri' Hunts, 
by S. Neotes. 

The best and surest knowen limes that can be sette in the 
fennes in the upper part of Huntenduneshire is the Nene 
river. 

The Delphe ** as much as standith in . . . hundrede is yn 
the shir of Huntingdune, and a litle part of it on Norman- 
Cros hundrede yn the same shire. 

And it is totally to speke of* in Huntendunshir: and 
if ther be any part of the Delphe over the Nene longging to 
Thomey, it is no great thinge. 

Spaldwik and Bukden geven out of the fee of S. Ethel- 
drede to the Bisshop of Lincoln for the jurisdiction of the 
Bisshop of Ely in Cambridgeshir. 

Rotheram Bisshop of Lincoln buildid the new brike towr 
at Bukden. He clene translatid the haul, and did much 
coste there beside. 

Engayne had sumtyme Broughton, the barony in Hunten- 
duneshir, of the abbate of Ramesey. 

Al the hole shir of Huntendune hath beene, as it is saide, 
forrest ground: but it is ful long sins it was deforestid. 

Huntingduneshir in old times was much more woddy 
then it is now: and the dere resortid to the fennes: and 
part of the re[dde] of this forest of later times kept Thomey 
fennys. 

Lunetote translatid the chanons from the place wher now fo. 49. 
S. Maries chirch is in Huntingdune to the place withowt the 
toun wher it alate stoode. 

[* Leland has " is in," the is redundant.] 
a Eynesbury. ^ ? King's Delf or Dyke. 



30 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hunts. One of the Simons Saincte Liz made Psaltre* abbay. 

There is a limes at Papworth Agnes** betwixt Huntendune 
and Cambridge shires. 
Northants. Malery told me that ther was a late a collegiate chirch at 
Cotterstok almost in the midle way betwixt Foderingey and 
Undale, but cumming from Foderingey onto Undale* it 
standith a litle owt of the way on the right hand. In this 
college was a M'. a 3. prestes and a 3. clerkes. The per- 
sonage of Cotterstok was appropriate to it, and praty landes 
beside. 

One Giffard was, as I hard, the first founder of it. One 
Nores clayming to be founder even of late hath gotten away 
the landes that longgid to it. So that now remainith only 
the benefice to it. 

Mr. Shefefelde told me that the very name of Sir George 
Carow in the weste cuntery, and of his familie, ys Monte- 
gomerik : and that Carow is a name of honor taken apon the 
name of a barony so caullid. 

Mr. Carow affirmid the same. 



Kent, etc. Stoone castelle in Kent a 3. miles a this side Grevesende 
halfe a mile from the shore of Grenehith on the Tamise. 

This house longid a late to Champion an aldreman. 
fo. 50. Syr John Cutte, knight and Under-Treasorer of England, 
bought of one Savelle, a man of fair landes in Yorkshir then 
beyng yn troble, the lordship of Godhurste,"* with the mines 
of a castelle that standith aboute a 2. miles from the bank of 
Medwege ryver, and a 2. milys from Maidestone. 

This lordship at that tyme was partely a ground much 
overgrouen with thornes and busshes, and was but xx. markes 
by the yere. Now it is clensid, and the value much enhaunsid. 
And much goodly wood is yet aboute it 

Old Cutte maried the doughter and heyre of one Roodes 
aboute Yorkshir, and had by her a 3. hunderith markes of 
landes by the yere. 

Old Cutte buildid Horeham-haule ' a* very sumptuus 

[• MS. has as.] 



• Sawtry. »» Papworth St. Agnes. <* Oundle. 

^ Godard's CasUe, • Horham HaU, 



PART IV 31 

house in Estsax by Thaxstede, and there is a goodly pond Essex, etc. 
or lake by it and faire parkes there about. 

Cutte buildid at Childerley in Cambridgshir. 

Cutte buildid at [Salsbiry Parke] by S. Alban's. 

Yong Cutte,* sun and heire to olde Cutte, maried one 
. . . and by her by the procuremente of my Lady Lucy 

Langland Bisshop of Lincoln told me that Waynflete WaynJUL 
Bisshop of Winchestre was borne at Waynflete yn Lincoln- 
shire. 

Wainflete was scholar at Winchestre, felow of the New- 
Coll^e of Oxford, and after schole-master at Winchestre. 

Wainflete was very great with Henry the vi. wherby he 
was in great dedignation with Edward the 4. 

Wainflete made a good part of Eiton-CoUege, begon to be 
buildid by Henry the vi. but left very onperfect and rauly. 

Wainflete buildid Magdalene College in Oxford. 

Wainflet buildid a fre-schole at Wainflete. 

Waynflet fled for fere of King Ed. into secrete corners; 
but at the last he was restorid to his goodes and the kinges 
favor.t 

[• See Part VIII, fo. 11 as to " yong Cutt"] 

[t The remainder of this Part IV, fos. 51-77 (first part of vol. iv, 
pages 31-55, of Heame's print) we have transferred to pages 12-38 of 
Part VI (vol. iii) in order to brine the whole of the notes on Wales 
together. Monmouthshire being a border county contains many Welsh 
names, the two leaves relating to it were therefore included.] 



PART V* 

FROM Haseley to Ikeford bridge 2 miles; here dothe fo. 53. 
Tame streame breke into 2 armes in the medowes and Oxfordshire, 
sone aftar cummithe to one streame. 

The arme on the lyfte hand as the watar descendith hathe 
a stone bridge of 2 archis. The othar a wood bridge not far 
from the othar. Shonington bridges be a mile above these 
bridges on Tame. And as the course of the watar is, Tame 
bridge at Tame towne is a 2 miles above Shonington. 

Whateley* bridge of 8 arches of stone is a 3 miles lower 
by water on Tame then Ikeford bridges. From Ikeford 
bridge to Welstreme in Bukynghamshire a 3 miles. This is 
a praty longe village and in it is a fair auncient howse of the 
Redes welle motid, having a sqware gate-howse of stone at 
the entering of it. There are fayre woods all about Wel- 
strem as coverts for the deare of Bamewood ^ foreste. 

From Welstreme to Amecote village a 3 miles and halfe. 
There is Blake Thome bridge of wood, and a broke rising 

[* Leland's original of Part V is lost ; we therefore have to rely on 
first, Stow's copy (Tanner MS. 464, vol. v, fos. 53- 105b, old number- 
ing), and second, Burton's own copy, called here Burton (a), (Gough, 
gen. top., ii, fos. 91-120). The passages omitted by Stow and preserved 
by Burton, bearing the marks of Leland's original, are so considerable 
in this Part that I have simply placed them between [ ] ; to indicate 
them in italic type as perhaps added by Burton would not be just. The 
first six pages, as far as " come and gresse, " p« 38, 1. 20 — the original leaves 
of which must have dropped out of Leland's volume before it came into 
Burton's hand — were pnnted, unaccountably, by Heame, from Stow, 
in the beginning of his vol. vii, pt. i (Leland's MS., vol. vii), although 
they stand in Stow as here prmted, without break in his MS., con- 
tinuing at the point where H. begins his vol. iv, pt. 2. Burton (a) does 
not give these passages at all, beginning, of course, as Heame does. 
Heame printed this part from Burton (b).] 



* Wheatley. *> Bemwood. 

II. D 



34 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Oxfordshire, not far of that aftar as I gessyd runithe in to Charwel 
ryver. 

From Arnecote to Burcester* a mile and halfe. Good 
wodds about sum partes of Burcester. There be goodly 
meddowes and pastures about Burcester. There is a com- 
mune market at Burcester every weke on — day. 

There risythe hard by Burcestar a litle broket* passyng 
thrwghe a pece of the towne and aftar thoroughe the priory, 
it goithe a 4 miles of about Otmore into Charwell river. 

The Bassets were lords of this towne, aftar the Straunges, 
fo. 53 b. and now the Erie of Derby. Sum say that Bassets had his 
mansion place where the comon pound is now in the midle 
of the towne. Some say that Bassets howse was where the 
late priorie of Burcestre stode. Gilberte Basset and i^glean 
Courtney his wyfe were originall foundars of the priorie of 
chanons in Burcester. Gilbert Basset as some thinke was 
buried beyond the see. This Gilbert was but a knight: and 
he was a great companion in warres to one GifTard a noble 
knight. 

Aglean Courteney was buried in the priorie of Burcester. 

There were divers of the Damaries, auncient gentlemen, 
buried in the priorie of Burcester. 

There was also one of the laste of the Lords Lestraunges 
buried. The priorie churche was dedicate to saint Edburge 
the virgine. 

The psuroche churche is also dedicatyd to Seint Edburge. 

There is buried in the quier of the paroche churche of 
Burcester one William Standley esquier, lorde of Bygnelle,** 
a mile from Burcester and parte of Burcester paroche; this 
Standley maried Alice doughtar and heire to John Frauncys 
knight Standley died anno domini 1498. 

There is a woddy hille a 3 miles by southe out of Bur- 
cester caulyd the Erles hill where some thinke hathe bene a 
maner place. 

From Burchestar to Oxford 10 miles. 

From Burchestar to Tame 9 miles. 

[* The brook runs into the Ray, which crosses Otmoor and flows into 
the Cherwell.] 

• Bicester. ^ Bucknell. 



PART V 



35 



From Burchestar to Bukingbam x. miles. fo. 54. 

From Burchestar to Banbyri x. miles. Oxfordshire. 

From Burchestar to Brakeley vii. miles. 

Studlege * priory is a 3. miles from Burcester in the way 
toward Oxforde. 

The village and castle of Midleton in Oxfordshire is 2. 
myles by west from Burchestar. The castle stode hard by 
the churche. Sum peces of the walls of it yet a litle apeare; 
but almoast the whole site of it is over growne with bushys. 

Sum say that this was Bassets castle, syns Lestrangs, 
and now the Erie of Derbyes. The lordship is a fiftie li. by 
yere. 

One told me that suche lands as the Erie of Darby now 
hathe in Oxford were the Bassets, and after the Lestraungs 
lands; as Burcestre, Midleton, Wicheford and Compton to- 
ward Cheping-norton, Kyngssutton in the way almoste be- 
twixt Brakeley and Banbyri : but I take that some of these 
lordships were the Lord LovelFs, and gyven by atteindure 
to Standley Erie of Derby. 

From Burcester to Brakeley* vii. mils by very fruitfuU Northants. 
grownd havynge t good come, grace and some wood, many 
conies, but litle enclosynge ground. 

I enteryd into Brakeley by a litle stone bridge in a botom, 
of one arche, undar the whiche Use riveret rennithe, there 
being a letle streame. 

From this bridge the great streate of the towne goith up 
apon a pratie hille: at the pitch whereof there turnithe a 
nothar streat by este to Seint Peter's, the heade churche of 
the towne. 

The towne of Brakeley by estimation of old mines hath fo. 54 b. 
had many stretes in it, and that large. 

The lengthe from S. James churche at the southe end of 
the towne to the chapelle of Seint Leonard hathe bene halfe 
a mile in building. Sic, 

The compas hathe bene almost 2. miles. 

[* Brackley. — Brakeley in Northampton-shire. I had mys-placed it, 
as to be in Glocestar-shere. — Marginal note in the AfS.] 
[t Stowe wrote gavyngg,] 



• Studley. 



36 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Northants. This towne florishid in the Saxons tyme ontyll the Danes 
rasid it. 

It florishid agayne syns the Conquest, and was a staple for 
wolle, privilegid with a major, the which honor yet re- 
maynethe to this pore towne. 

There was a fayre castle in the southe-west end of the 
towne on the left hand or ripe of the riveret The site and 
hille where it stode is yet evidently sene, and berithe the 
name of the Castle Hill; but there is not sene any peace of a 
waull stondinge. 

There ly 2. praty smaul low medowes hard by west of 
this Castle Hille, and beare the name of the Fische Weeres: 
and a great likelyhode there is that they were sometyme 
fishe pooles. 

Divers rowes of howsynge hathe bene about the quarters 
of the castle now clene doune. 

There were 3. goodly crossis of stone in the towne, one 
by southe at the end of the towne, throwne doune a late by 
theves that sowght for treaswre. 

A nothar at the west end of Seint James churche. 

The third very antique, faire and costly in the inward 

fo. 55. parte of the Highe Streate. Ther be dyvers tabernacles in 

this with ladies and men armyd. Sum say that the staplears 

of the towne made this: but I thinke rathar sume noble 

man lorde of the towne. 

There is a churche as a chaple of ease of Seint James in 
the southe end of the towne, an old pece of worke, and on 
the southe syde of the chaunsell of it is a faire chapell or 
isle, and there be in the wyndow sydes, in stone, imagis 
beringe woll sakks in theyr hands, in token that it was of the 
stapelers makyng. 

There is in the midle of the towne a churche of Seint 
James and S. John, somtime a college and an almose house 
or hospitale. This was suppressyd and gyven to S. Magda- 
lenes college with lands. 

There ly buryed in tumbes dyvers noble men and women 
in the presbitery of this churche: first 2. noble men in one 
tombe havynge in theyr shelds a lyon rampant and flures de 
luce. 

There lyeth on the southe syde in the wall a noble man 
havynge in a feld of gules 10. besants of gold. 



PART V 37 

And at his feete lyethe a nothar havynge in his sheld a Northants. 
lion rampant. 

Ther lyethe also Robart Holand that dyed in ctnno dni. 
1373. Mawd his wyfe lyethe there also. 

Ther lyethe a noble man and his wyfe. He berithe in his 
shild varre gold and gules. 

One told me that of late dayes one of the Lordes Lovells fo. 55 b. 
was taken for foundar there, and that by his graunt it cam in 
gyft to Magdalene coledge. 

The churche of Seynt Petere, beinge the chefe churche of 
the towne and mothar churche of the hole denery of Brake- 
ley, is in the est syde of the towne. I saw no tumbe or 
great antiquiti in it 

In the churche yarde lyethe an image of a priest revestid; 
the whiche was vicar of Barkeley, and there buried quike by 
the tyranny of a lord of the towne for a displeasure that he 
tooke with hym for an horse taken, as some say, for a mor- 
tuarie. But the lord, as it is there sayde, went to Rome for 
absolution, and toke greate repentauns. 

The parsonage of S. Petars was inpropriate to the abbey 
of Leircestar, and ther was a vicar endowid. 

There be 2. faire springs, or wells, a litle west north west 
from S. Peter's churche. The one of them is caullyd S. 
Rumoaldes Welle, wher they say, that with in a fewe dayes 
of his birth he prechid. The other is caullyd Welle. There 
issuithe a very litle streamelet out of eche of them being 
not the cast of a coyte distant, and straite cum to one 
streamelet, not so abundaunt of watar as it hathe bene. For 
the sayenge is that it hath driven in tymes past a cutlers 
myll thereby. 

There is also a faire springe in the highe streate of the 
towne, and out of it issuith a little pirle. 

The Lord Lovell was in Kynge Richard the third's dayes 
lord of Brakeley, and by his land beinge attaintyd by Henry 
the 7. this lordshipe, and also halfe thereby was gyven to 
Standeley Erie of Darby, or to his sune. fo* 56. 

The ryver of Ise, or Use,* that rennith at the south ende 
of Brakeley risithe alitle above Stene, wher the LordSannes 
hathe a maner place, sumtyme the Lord Morleys, beinge a 
mile and an halfe west from Brakeley. 
» Ouse r. 



38 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Northants. From Brakeley to Bukkingham v. mils. 

From Brakeley to Northampton i4myles, 7 toTouecestar 
and 7 to Northampton. 7 miles to Brakeley and 7 miles to 
Brayles, 7 miles to Camden, and 7 miles to Hayles. 

Camden is a market towne in Glocestershire. From 
Brakeley to Chiping-norton 14 longe miles, 6 miles to 
Dadington,* and 8 to Chiping-norton. There hathe bene a 
castle at Dadington, and it is in Oxfordshire. 

From Brakeley to Banbyry 7 miles. 

From Brakeley to Oxford — 

Brakeley market is now desolatyd, it was wont to be kept 
on Wednesday. 

Brakeley standithe in Northamptonshire, and Northamp- 
tonshire goithe that way a mile farthar by southe to Einho,** 
and this is the uttermost village that way in Northampton- 
shire. 

There was a howse of Whit-monkes caulyd a 2 myles 

from Brakley. 

I rode from Brakeley to Kyngs Southtown * 4 miles of, al 
by champayn come and gresse. 

The spire of Sowthetowne churche is a fayre peace of 
worke. St. Rumoalde was borne in this paroche. There was 
of late a chapell dedicate to hym, standinge about a mile 
from Sowthetowne in the medes, defacid and taken downe. 
fo. 56 b. There lyeth one Westhaul in a [tombe in a] chapell on 
the south syd of the church. He new ruffid the church of 
Southetowne. 
Oxfordshire. From Southetowne to Banbyri a 3. miles, all by cham- 
paine baren of wood. Scant a mile bynethe Southtowne I 
passyd by a stone bridge of one arch over Charwell ryver. 

The moaste parte of the hole towne of Banbyri standithe 
in a valley, and is inclosyd by northe and est with low 
grownde, partely medowes, partely marsches; by southe 
and southe-west the ground somewhat hillithe in respecte 
of the site of the towne. 

The fayrest strete of the towne lyethe by west and easte 
downe to the river of Charwelle. And at the west parte of 
this streat is a large area invironed with meatlye good build- 
inge, havynge a goodly crosse withe many degrees about it. 



» Deddington. 



Aynho. 



« King's Sutton. 



PART V 39 

In this area is kept every Thursday a very celebrate market. Oxfordshire. 
There renithe a prile of freshe watar throwghe this area. 

There is another fayre strete from southe to northe ; and 
at eche end of this strete is a stone-gate. There be also in 
the towne othar gates besydes thes. Yet is there nothere 
eny certayne token or lykelyhod^ that ever the towne was 
dichid or wauUyd. 

There is a castle on the northe syde of this area havynge fo. 57 a. 
2. wardes, and eche warde a dyche. In the utter is a terrible 
prison for convict men. 

In the north parte of the iner warde is a fayre peace of 
new building of stone. 

I cannot se or learne that there was any castle or fortress 
at Banbyry afore the Conquest. Alexandar bysshope of 
Lyncolne in Henry the first dayes buildyd this castle. 

There is but one paroche churche in Banbyry, dedicate to 
our Lady. It is a large thinge, especially in bredthe. I saw 
but one notable tumbe in the chirche, and that is of blake 
marble; wherein [William] Coope, coferer to Kynge Henry 
the vii is buried. 

In the chirche yarde be howsis for cantuari pristes. 

The personage of Banbyry is a prebend of Lincoln. 
There is a vicar indowid. There is a chapel of the Trinity 
in the midle of the towne. Ther is a bridge of 4. fayre 
arches of stone at the este ende of the towne where Cher- 
well rennithe. This bridge partithe Oxford-shir from North- 
ampton-shir. 

Oxford-shire goeth a 3. miles farther by northe then 
Banbyri towne. The Bysshope of Lincolne is lord of Ban- 
byry, and [the] hole hunderithe of Banbyry hath bene of 
longe tyme gyven out by Kinges in fee-ferme to the Bysshops 
of Lyncoln. The bysshope hath ^180. of this lordship. 

The Headde and Course of Charwelle Ryver. fo. 57 b. 

Charwell ryseth out of a welle or a litle poole, in Charlton 
[Cherwelion] village about a 7. miles above Banbyri by 
northe northe est, and boilith so fast out fro the hed that strait 
it maikithe a stremelet. 

From Banbyri to Coventre 20. miles; — 10. miles to 
Southan a market-toun, and 10. miles to Coventre. 



40 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Warwick^ 

shire. 



Oxfordshire. From Banbyri to Northampton [14.] miles. 

Rockstein • a priory of chanons a 2. miles from Banbyri. 
Mr. Pope hathe it. 

From Banbyri to Danetre [10. miles.] 

From Banbiry to Oxford 20. miles. 

From Banbyry to Warwicke 14. miles. 

Mr. Cope hathe an old maner place, caulyd Hardwike, a 
ipile by northe from Banbyri. [There was Herdwik of 
Herdwik,] 

He hathe another at Hanwelle a 2. miles from Banbyri by 
northe west, and is in Oxfordshire. This is a very pleasaunt 
and gallaunt house. 

I rode from Banbury to Warwik 12. miles by champayne 
ground, frutefull of corn and gresse, baren of woodde, and 

2. miles by some enclosyd and wooddy ground. 
About halfe a myle or I enteryd into Warwike I passyd 

ovar a stone bridge of one arch, and there rennithe a praty 
broket toward Avon river. 

The towne of Warwike hathe bene right strongly dykyd 
and waulyd, havynge the compas of a good mile within the 
wauls. The dike is moste manifestely perceyvyd from the 
fo. 58 a. castle to the west-gate, and there b the greate creaste of 
yerth that the wall stode on. Parte of the wauls nere the 
gates be yet sene. 

The easte gate and the west yet remayne. The northe 
gate is downe. The strengthe of the bridge by the castle 
stondithe for the southe gate. 

The magnificent and stronge castle of Warwike lieing at 
the west-southe-west end of the towne, hard by the right 
ripe of Avon, is sett apon an highe rokke of stone, and hathe 

3. goodly towers in the este fronte of it. There is a fair 
towre on the northe syde of it. And in this parte of the 
castle K. Rich. 3. puUyd downe a pece of the waulle, and 
began and halfe finishid a mighty tower, or strengthe, for to 
shoute out gunns. This peace as he left it so it remaynethe 
onfinishid. The doungeon now in mine stondithe in the 
west-north-west parte of the castle. There is also a towre 
west-northe-weste, and thrugh it a posteme-gate of yron. 

All the principall lodgyngs of the castle with the haul and 



a Wroxton. 



PART V 41 

chapel ly on the southe syd of the castle, and here the King Warwick- 
dothe muche cost in makynge foundations in the rokkes to ■^i"*- 
sustayne that syde of the castle, for great peces fell out of 
the rokkes that susteyne it. 

There was synce the Conquest a collegiate churche in the fo. 58 b. 
castle of Wanfnke. 

The towne of Warwike stondithe on a mayne rokky hille, 
risynge from est to west. 

The beawty and glory of the towne is in 2. strets, whereof 
the one is cauUyd the Highe Strete, and goith from the est 
gate to the west, having a right goodly crosse in the midle of 
it. The other crossith the midle of it, makynge Quadriviutn^ 
and goith from northe to southe. 

Within the precinct of the towne is but one paroche 
chirch, dedicate to St. Marye, standing in the midle of the 
towne. This churche is faire and large. Rogerus de Bello- 
monte Erie of Warwike dyd translate the college in the 
castle to this paroche churche, indowinge it with faire 
possessions. 

Thomas de Bello-Campo E. of Warwike, and graund 
fathar to Richard E. of Warwike, leive-tenaunt to Kynge 
Hen. 6. in Fraunce, commaundyd by testament, (as I hard 
say) that his executors shuld reedifie of new the chauncell 
or este parte of St. Mary churche; and so they did; and he 
is buried there and his wife. 

Richard Erie of Warwike, Lievetenaunt of Fraunce, de- 
vised a right fayre, large, and somptuus chapell on the southe 
the syd of the quiere. This stately pece of worke was after fo. 59 a. 
made by the executors of his testament, and there he is 
entumbid right princly, and porturyd with an image of 
coper and gilt, hoped ovir with staves of coper and gilt lyke 
a chariot. 

Noblemen buried in the body of our Lady Church 
of Warwike. 

John Tunstall Kt. [familiar to one of the late Earles of 
Warwike]. 

William Bareswell* Deane of Warwike, [one of the exe- 
cutors of the testament of E. Richard that sawe the bilding 

[* Burton writes BarkeswelL] 



42 LELANDS ITINERARY 

Warwick- of our Lady Chappell and the new buildinge of the colledge 

shire house begun by E. Richard finished].* 

Johannes Rouse, Capellanus Cantuaria Gibclif [Guy- 
clifife] qui super porticum australem Ubrariam construxit^ et 
Ubris ornavit. Obiit 14. Jan. 149 1. This Rouse was well 
lemid in those dayes in Mathesi, and was a great historio- 
grapher, borne (as it is supposed) of the house of the Rouses 
of Ragley by Alcester. 

In the southe isle. 

Power armiger. 

Ther ly 3. of the Hungfordes, heires of Edmunscote 
aboute hidfe a mile above Warwike on Avon. [And] Beau- 
fort esquier to whome parte of Hungfords lands desendyd. 

In the crosse-isle [betwixt the body of the church 
and the quire]. 

Tho. de Bello-Campo [in a goodly tombe of marble. He 
was father to E. Richard Lieutenant of France]. 
Guil. Peito dominus de Chestreton et ejus uxor, 
Alester Deane of Warwike [lyeth in the same place, at the 
west end of our Lady, wher E. Rich, first lay buried. This 
Alester translated the body of E. Richard into our Lady 
Chappell. 

Mr. Haly, a well learned man that lately dyed.] 
Haseley Dene of Warwike, [sometime] schole-mastar to 
King Henri the Seaventh. 

fo. 59 b. In the quier. 

Tho. de Bello Campo and his wyfe [He was grand- 
father to Earle Richard.] 

Catheryne, eldest dowghtar to the sayd Earle [Thomas, is 
buried under a flatt marble stone, at the head of her father's 
tombe.] 

[* This and the passages between * and * on pp. 43, 44, given by 
Burton, MS. a, fo. 93, may have been in Leland and omitted % Stow, 
who often did not copy genealogical details.] 



PART V 43 

In our Lady Chapell. Warwick- 

Richard, Earle of Warwike with his epitaphi [who dyed 
30. Apr. 1439. 17. H. 6.]« 

♦ " Praye devoutly for the soule (whom God assoyle) of Burton (a), 
one of the most worshipful! knyghtes in his dayes, of man- fo« 93- 
hood, and omninge, Richard Beauchampe late Erie of 
Warwike, Lord Despenser, of Abergeveny and many othar 
great lordshippes, whose body here resteth under this 
toumbe, in a full faire vault of stone set in the bare rocke; 
the which visyted with long sicknesse in the castle of Rohan 
therein deceased full christianlye 30. Apr. 1439, be being at 
that tyme Lieutenant of Fraunce, and of the Duchy of Nor- 
mandy, by sufficient authoritye of our soveraigne K. Hen. 6. 
The which body with great deliberation and worshipfuU 
conduct by sea and by land, was brought to Warwike 4. 
October, in the sayd yeare, and was layed with solemn 
exequies in a faire chest made of stone in the west dore of 
this chappell, accordinge to his last will and testament, 
therein to rest 'till this chappell by him devised in his life 
tyme were made. All the which chappell founded on the 
rocke, and all the members thereof his executors did fully 
make, and appareled by the authority of his sayd last will 
and testament : and thereaftar by the sayd authoritye they 
did translate worshipfuUy the sayd body into the vault above 
said. Honoured be God therefore." 

[* Stow here (MS., vol. v, p. 59 v<>) breaks off, continuing with the 
passage beginning, "There was in that coledee," p. 44. He has a 
marginal note, "loke y« 3 boke y« 73 lefe for y« epiuphe." This 
" book 3 " is bound into vol. ii of his MSS. (Tanner, 464, vol. ii), 
folio 73 being the first leaf, and the ''epitaphie** commencing on the 
lower part. What precedes the epitaph is in substance the same as the 
paragraphs beginning "Johannes Rouse Capellanus Cantuariae,'* but 
with several variations. What follows the epitaph also to the bottom of 
leaf 73 vo is the same in substance as our print as far as the *, p. 44. 
Evidently Stow wished to save copying the same thing twice. Leland 
had written these notes out twice, with variations; both his original 
books in which they occurred happen to be lost; Burton had copied 
one (printed by Heame as vol. iv, pt. 2 = Part 5) before it was lent to 
Dr. Burton (see Introd., p. xxvi), and we can thence restore what Stow 
omitted ; the other was printed by Heame (as vol. viii, pt. 2 = Part 11) 
from Stow's copy. The reader may compare the two; Leland's first 
form of notes may have been those in Fart 11.] 



44 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



f> 



Warwick- Thinges excerpted out of the est glasse windowe of 

Bliirc ^ our Lady Chappel. 

Elizabeth daughter and heire to Thomas L. Berkeley and 
Lisle, first wyfe to Rich. Beauchamp Earle of Warwicke. 
The sayd Richard and Elizabeth had 3. daughters; Mar- 
garett maried to John E. of Shrewsbury, Eleonor marled to 
Edmund Beaufort Earl of Somerset, Elizabeth maried to 
George Nevile L. Latimer. Earle Richard had to his second 
wife Isabell Lady Spenser of Glamorgan and Morgannok. 

Henery Duke of Warwick, sonne and heire of Earle 
Richard and Isabell, married Cicile da. to Rich. Nevill 
Earle of Salesbury. 

Anne, daughter of Rich. Beauchampe E. of Warwik and 
Isabell, was married to Richard Nevill, sonne and heire to 
Rich. Nevill second Earle of Salesburye. 

There lyeth buried (as some saye) in the west end of our 
Lady Chappell one of the Nevills L. Latimer slayne at 
Edgcotefeild by Banbury (as some suppose;) but there is 
neither tombe nor scripture scene. This was Sir Hen. 
Nevill, sonne and heire to Geor. Nevill Lord Latimer. But 
he was never Lord; for he dyed before his father. This 
Henry Nevill was grandfather to the Lord Latimer now 
living. 

The ould mansion-place of the coUedge and deanry of 
St. Maries in Warwik stood there where now the east 
south east part of the cemitery is. The new coUedge lodging, 
hard without the east end of the cemitery, was builded by 
the executors of the testament of Rich. Earle of Warwike. 
Most of the Prebendes houses be at the west end of our 
Stow, V, Ladyes Church in the streete.* There be* in that coledgea 
fo. 59 b. deane and 5. prebendes. 

There is over the east-gate a fayre chappell of St. Peter. 
There is over the west-gate a goodly chappell of St. James. 

On the north syde of St. James is a pretty coUedge, 
havinge a 4. preistes that sing in St. James Chappell, [and 
they belong to a Fraternity of our Ladye, and St. George. 
Some thinke that this Fraternity beganne about E. Richardes 



[♦ Stow wrote "was" for "be."] 



PART V 45 

dayes, and that he was a benefactor to it. The burgesses of Warwick- 
Warwike be rulers of this.] nlnrt. 

The suburbe without the est-gate is caullyd Smithe's 
Streat; I hard ther that the Jewes sometyme dwellyd in it. 
In this suburbe was a college of [dedicate to] St John, and 
an hospital in it. 

There is a suburbe in the south est syde of the towne 
wherein is a paroche churche of St. Nicholas apropriat to 
St. Maris college [in Warwike.] 

The suburbe lying southe beyond the bridge is callyd the 
Bridge End. 

There is a chappie of St. John in the Bridge [Ende] 
suburbe, that longyd to the Prior of St. John's at London. 

EThe landes of this came to the commandery of Balleshall 
)y Warwike.] 

The suburbe without the west-gate is cawlyd the West- 
end. It is a very large strete. There was a colege of Blake 
Friers in the northe parte of this suburbe. It was a large 
hows, [and the Botelers L. Sudley, and the Mountforts were 
founders of it (as I hard saye.) But hitherto I have not 
read of any notable act in foundation made since the Con- 
quest in Warwike, but by the Earles of Warwik.] 

There is a suburbe in the northe syd of Warwike, and in fo. 60 a. 
this is a chapell of St. Michaell, where sometyme was a 
coledge, [havinge a master et confratres; but now it is taken 
as a free-chappelL The Kinge giveth it. The buildinge of 
the house is sore decayed]. 

There is a right goodly chapell of St. Mary Magdalene 
upon Avon river, ripa dextra^ scant a myle above Warwike. 
This place of some is caulyd Gibclif, of some Guy-clif ; and 
old fame remaynethe with the people there, that Guydo Erie 
of Warwike in K. Athelstan's dayes had a great devotion to 
this place, and made an oratory there.* Some adde unto 
[it,] that aftar he had done great victories in outward partes, 
and had bene so long absent that he was thought to have 
bene deade, he came and lyved in this place lyke an here- 
mite, onknowne to his wife Felicia ontyll at the article of 
his deathe he shewyd what he was. Men shew a cave 
there in a rok hard on Avon ripe, where they say that he 

[♦ MS., in this place.] 



46 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick- asyd to slepe. Men also yet showe fayr springs in a faire 

shire. medow thereby, where they say that Erie Guido was wont 

to drinke. This place had fore the tyme of Richard E. of 

Warwike only a smaul chappelle and a cotage wherein an 

heremite dwellyd. 

Erie Richard beringe a greate devotion to the place made 
there a goodly new chapell, dedicate to St Mary Magdalen, 
and foundyd 2. Cantuars prists there [to serve God.] He 
set up there an ymage of E. Guido great lyke a giant, and 
fo. 60 b. enclosyd the silver welles* in the medow with pure whit 
slike stone like marble, and ther set up a praty house open 
lyke a cage coveryd, onely to keepe cummers thithar from 
the rayne. He also made there a praty howse of stone for 
the Cauituary Prists [by the chappelL The landes that he gave 
to it lye about the house.] It is a place of pleasure, an 
howse mete for the muses; there is silence, a praty wood, 
antra in vivo saxo, the river rollynge with a praty noyse 
over the stones, nemusculum [ibidem opacumi\ fontes liquidi 
\et jemneif] prata florida^ [antra muscosa^ rivi ievis et per 
saxa discursus^ necnon solitudo et quies musis amicissima,] 

There be 3. parkes neere to Warwike by north; the neerest 
is Wedgnok.* There is anothar almost joyning to it caullyd 
Grove. The third is caulyd Haseley. 

There is a priory of nunes caullyd [Wroxhall, about] a 3. 
miles by north from Warwike. 

The course of Avon and bridges that be notable on it 

Thent to Edmundescote *• bridge. 

Then about halfe a mile lower to the goodly stone brydge 
of 12. arches at Warwike. 

Then to Berford*' Bridge of 8. fayre arches a 2. miles. 

And an halfe mile lower it leaveth Fulbroke Parke and 
Castelet on the right ripe. And a myle and halfe lower it 
fo. 61 a. leveth Charlecote Mr. Lucies [mannour placet] on the left 
ripe. 

[* The catch-words at bottom of the page for turning over are 
(rings or welles."] 
A few Unes left blank here.] [t Stow has " huse " (honae.)] 

Wedgnock. Emscote. <^ Barford. 



'i?' 



PART V 47 

And at the bake-syde of Mr. Lucies huse cummethe in Warwick- 
by the left rype a broke[t] risynge a 3. miles of from south "hire. 
est. 

Thence to Stratford-Bridge a 3. miles. There be 14. great 
arches in the bridge, and 5. smaller arches. 

Thence to Bitforde • Bridge of stone, a late emendyd withe 
parte of the stone of Aulncester "^ Priory, a 5. miles. 

There is a praty thorowghe fare at Sawford," a — miles 
lower cummithe Arrow and Aubie** rivers both in one botom 
into Avon. 

A 4. miles lower then Bitford is a narow stone bridge for 
footmen at Uffenham over Avon. 

A mile lower is Eovesham bridge of 8. goodly large arches. 

Three miles lower, at Fleodanbirig® alias Flatbyri, cum- 
mithe in by the right ripe into Avon Pildowr broke. 

And a litde above this confluence is of late a praty bridge 
made over Pildour. 

Avon a 2. miles lower rennithe undar Pershore Bridge. 

I lemyd [at Warwike] that the moste parte of the shire 
of Warwike, that lyeth as Avon river descendithe on the 
right hand or rype of it, is in Arden, (for soe is auncient 
name of that parte of the shire;) and the grownd in Arden 
is muche enclosyd, plentifull of gres, but no great plenty 
of come. 

The othar part of Warwyk-shire that lyethe on the lefte 
bond or ripe of Avon river, muche to the southe, is for the 
moste parte champion, somewhat barren of wood, but very fo. 61 b. 
plentifull of come. 

I roade from Warwike to Bereford Bridge of 8. fayre 
arches a 2. miles [of Warwike.] Here I sawe halfe a mile 
lower apon Avon on the right ripe by northe a fayr parke 
caullyd Fulbroke. In this parke was a praty castle made 
of stone and brike, [and, as one tould mee,] an Erie of 
Bedford had layne there. There is a litle lodge or peace of 
buildinge in this parke caullyd Bergeiney, made, as I con- 
jectur, by some Lord, or Lady of Bergeyney.* This castle of 

[* Built by Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny.] 



• Bidford. «> Alcester. « Salford. 

<* Alne. * Fladbnry. 



48 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Warwick- Fulbroke was an eyesore to the Erlis that lay in Warwike 
shire, v Castle, and was cause of displeasure betweene each lord. 
Sir William Compton, keper of Fulbroke parke and castle, 
seing it going to mine helped it forward, takinge part of it 
[as some saye] for the buyldinges of his house at Compton • 
by Brayles in Warwikshire, and gave or permityd other to 
take peces of it downe. 

From Berford Bridge to Telesford a mile. Here was a 
priory [of] Maturines, otherwise called Ordtnis Sanctae 
Trinitatis, [It was an house of very small possessions. 
(And they saye about them)] the Lucies were founders of 
this priory ;t and divers of them laye there. 

From Telesford* to Charlcote a mile. Here hath Mr. Lucy 
an ancient manar place, on the left rype of Avon. 

There cumithe in hard at the very manar place of 

[the] Lucies a litle broke on the left ripe into Avon. This 

fo. 62 a. broket cummithe from Wellesbume, a myle of. From 

Charlecote to Stretforde a 3. miles by champain grownd, 

good come and greese. 

About a myle from Charlecote I rode over a ford where 
passyd downe a beke toward Avon, but a lesse water then 
Wellesburne. 
Stratford. The towne of Stratford stondithe apon a playne ground 

upon-Avon. on the right hand or ripe of Avon, as the watar descendithe. 
It hathe 2. or 3. very lardge stretes, besyde bake lanes. One 
of the principall stretes ledithe from est to west, anothar 
from southe to northe. The bysshope of Worcestar is lorde 
of the towne. The towne is reasonably well buyldyd of 
tymbar. There is ones a yere a great fayre at Holy-Rode 
Daye [14. of Sept] The paroch church is a fayre kuge 
peace of worke, and stondithe at the southe end of the 
towne. Some conjecte that where the paroche churche is 
now was the monasterye cawlyd Streotford, gyven in aug- 
mentation of Eovesham in St. Egwin Byshope of Wircester 
tyme, but the certeinte of this is not knowne. 

The church [of Stratford] now stondinge, as it is sup- 

[• Compton- Winyate or Wyniates.] 
[t Stow has "it'Mor "this priory.**] 



• Thelsford. 



PART V 49 

posyd, was renewyd in buildinge by [John de] Streotforde /Warwick- 
[ Archjbyshope of Cantarbery [in the begininge of the raigne «^"«. 
of K. E. 3., whoe was] borne in Streotford, whereof he tooke 
his name. He made this of a simple paroche churche a 
collegiate churche, augmenting it with some landes. 

Ther belongyd to the coledge a gardian, 4. priests, 3. 
clerkes, 4. choristres, and their mansyon place, an ancient 
pece of worke of square stone hard by the cemitory. The fo. 62 b. 
churche is dedicate to the Trinite. The quire of the church 
was of late tyme reedified by one Thomas Balsalle Doctor 
of Divinite and gardian of the coladge there. He dyed 
anno domtni 1490, and liethe in the northe syd of the presbi- 
terye [in a fayre tombe.] 

There is a right goodly chappell in a faire streate toward 
the southe ende of the towne dedicate to the Trinitie. This 
chapell was newly reedified in mind of man by one Hughe 
Clopton, Major of London. About the body of this chaple 
was curiously paynted the Daunce of Deathe commonly 
called the Daunce of Powles, becawse the same was some- 
tyme there paynted abowte the cloysters on the north-west 
syd of Powles churche, pulled downe by the Duke of Somar- 
set, tempore E. 6.* This Clopton buildid also by the north 
syde of this chapell a praty howse of brike and tymbar, 
wherein he lay in his lattar dayes and dyed. 

There is a gramar-schole on the sowthe syde of this 
chapell, of the foundation of one Jolif a mastar of arte, 
borne in Streotford, whereabout he had some patrimonye; 
and that he gave to this schole. 

There is also an almase-house of 10. pore folke at the 
southe syde of the chapell of the Trinitye mayntaynyd by a 
Fraternitie of the Holy Crosse. 

Clopton aforesayde made also the great and sumptuose 
bridge apon Avon at the este end of the towne. This bridge 
[hath] 14. great archis of stone, and a longe cawsey made of 
stone and now waullyd on eche syde, at the west end of the 
bridge. 

Afore the tyme of Hughe Clopton there was but a poore 
bridge of tymber, and no causey to come to it ; whereby many fo. 63 a. 

[* About E. 6. This paragraph was added later, probably by 

Stow himself.] 

U. B 



50 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick- poore folkys [and] othar refusyd to cum to Stratford, when 
shire. Avon was up, or cominge thithar stoode in jeoperdy of 
lyfe. 

Clopton * was a gentle man borne by Stratford at Clopton 
village, where yet one of the name, whos howse he moche 
advaunsyd, dwellythe halfe a myle of Streotford by noxthe. 
This Hewghe Clopton was nevar weddid. 

Graville, an auncient gentilman dwellythe at Milcote, 
scant a mile lower then Streotford toward Avon ripa 
dcxtra, 

Mastar Trusselle, an auncient gentleman, dwdlithe at 
[Billesley] a 3. miles from Streotford. Litle wood nere in 
sight about Streotford. 

From Streotford to Warwike 7. miles. 

From Streotford to Bitford a thrughe fayre on the ripe of 
Avon 5. miles. 

From Streotford to Eovesham a 10. miles. 

From Streotford to Alcester a 5. miles. 

From Streotford to Hanley [5. miles.] 

I rode from Streotford by champaine ground, frutfuU of 
come and grasse, a 5. miles to a forde and a smaule wood 
bridge, where I passyd over Aulne-brooke, that cam downe 
as I markid from the northe. Thens 2. myles by champaine 
ground to Coughton. I passyd at Coughton by a wood- 
bridge over Arow ryver. 

Mr. Throgmorton hathe a fayre maner place moated at 
Coughton. 
fo. 63 b. The paroche church of Coughton is very faire, exced- 
yngly well glasyd and adomyd, partly mad by Sir George 
Throgmorton's father, partly by Ser George hym selfe. 
[There is a goodly tombe in the body of the church, made 
by Sir George his father that dyed in peregrination going to 
Hierusalem.J 

From Coughton to Alcester 2. myles by enclosid ground. 
I markyd the contrye about Coughton and Alcester to be 
meatly well woddid. Part of the forest of Fekenham in Wor- 
cestershire is withe in 3. miles of Coughton. 

[* Stow later added in the margin: Cloptons of Sufiblke, theyr 
armes (as saythe Master Cole) was an eagle spred on a tunne, for 
Clapetonne.] 



PART V 



51 



Alchurch,* the bysshope of Wircester's fayr manor place, Worccster- 
is a 6. miles from Coughton. shire 

Alcester is a praty market towne in Warwike-shire. The Warwick- 
market is kept there on the Twesday. The towne hathe shire, 
bene a great thinge. Some say that there hathe bene 13. 
paroche churches in it. 

Some say that the priory of Alcestar, now a litle without 
the towne by este norfiie est, was in the midle of the towne. 
Many tokens of buyldinges and bones of men be found in 
placis without the towne, especially in Blake-Filde. The 
people there speke muche of one S. Cedde^ Bysshope of 
Lichefild, and of injuries there done to him. 

The priorye was of auncyent tyme a great monastery, syns 
impropriate to Eovesham. The Beauchamps were lordes of 
that towne, and they had a howse by Alcestar priory caullyd 
Beauchamps-Hawle. It came sence by manage to the Lords 
Broko, and now by mariage it is in Fulco Gravill's handes. fa 67 a.* 
Fulco now buildithe at Beauchamp's Hawle, and takythe 
stones from Alcestre priorie [the which he hath also. 

The personage of Aulcester is impropriate to Aulcester 
priory.] 

Alcester, as it is now, stondythe on the rype of Arow 
water. Yet seinge that it berithe the name of Aulne, it is 
an evedent token that the old towne stode moste by Aulne. 

About the este ende of Auhicester towne is the conflu- 
ence t of Auhie and Arow. Aulne cummithe by Henley ° a 
market towne 5. miles above this confluence, and hathe 
divers wood bridges on it. 

Arow (as I hard one say) cumithe frome the Blake Hills 
that be [a 7. or] 8. miles and more above Coughton, and so 
comithe thoroughe divers wood bridges to Aulncestar. And 
at Aulnecestar by este the towne is a bridge on Arow. The 
foundation of it is stone and is plankyd over. 

[* Stow skipped three figures in numberine his leaves (none are 
missing), and continues in the error. This lea^ which ought to be 64, 
is 67.1 

[t Stow has "confines," but "confluence'' (as Burton writes) must 
be intended.] 



* Alvechurch. 



Henley in Arden. 



•> St. Chad's. 



52 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick- Arow halfe a myle benethe Alcester levithe a maner place 

shire. of Mr. Conwais called Arow, and two miles and a halfe 

lower at Sanford goith into Avon by the right ripe of Avon. 

Mr. Browne a knight hathe a faire manar place about a 
mile or more by southe southe west out of Aulcester. The 
nunry of Coukefeild stode about a myle by sowthe west out 
of Alcester. Fortescwe, Grome-Porter of the Court, hathe 
it nowe. 
fa 67 b. Wurcester-shire is som way within a mile of Aulncester. 

[There be 3 of the Tancrevilles, the father, the sunne, 
and his sonne, buried in the chapter house of the priory of 
Kenelworth that after •] 

From Aulnecestar to Hanley 5. miles. 

From Anlnecestar to Worcestar 10. miles. 

From Aulnecestar to Stratford apon Avon 5. good miles. 

From Aulnecestar to Ewesham 7. long miles. 

Worcester- I rode from Aulnecestar toward Eovesham a 2. miles by 

sliire. woody and enclosyd ground, and then a mile by grounde 

lesse enclosyd, but having more come then wood. Thens 4. 

mils by cleane champain. Some wood about Eovesham on 

the right rype of Avon. 

The towne of Eovesham is metely large and well buildyd 
with tymbar. The Market-Stede is faire and large. There 
be divers praty streats in the towne. The market kept at 
Eovesham is very celebrate. In the towne is no hospitale 
nor othar famose foundation but the late abbey. 

This abbey was of the foundation of Kenredus King of 
the Merches, and Egwinus Byshope of Wurcestar. 

Ther was no towne at Eoveshame afore the foundation of 
the abbay. 

The place where the towne standithe now was of the old 
Saxons caulyd Hetheholme. [The edifices of the abbey 
have beene made by many men in continuance. 

Clement Lichfeild, the last Abbot of Evesham save one, 
did very much cost in building of the abbey and other 
places longing to it. He builded much about the quire in 
adorning it. He made a right sumptuous and high square 
tower of stone in the cemitory of Eovesham. This tower 
had a great bell in it, and a goodly clock, and was as a gate- 

[* From Burton (a), p. 96. Not printed by Heame.] 



PART V 



53 



house to one pece of the abbeye. This abbot builded at his Worcestcr- 
mannor at Uffenham, about a mile above Evesham upon ahirc 
Avon ripa dexfra,] There be withein the precincte of the 
cemitery of the abbey of Eovesham 2. parish churches, 
[whither the people of the towne resort; but the whole pro- 
fit, saving a vicarage of one church, was appropriate to the 
abbey.] 

There was of old tyme an abbey at Fleodan byrig in Fladbury. 
Worcestar-shire, standinge a 3. miles lowar then Eovesham 
upon Avon ripa dextra. This abbay in Egwinus tyme was fo. 68 a. 
appropriat to Eovesham. It is now communely caullyd 
Fiadbyri. [The personage of it nowe is jQZo by the yere. 

There was a farme or mannor place a 6. miles from Eove- 
sham called Amberley, where the last Abbot of Eovesham 
now lyeth.] 

From Eovesham to Hails a 6. miles. 

From Eovesham to Winchelescombe a 7. miles. 

From Eovesham to Persore a 5. miles. 

From Eovesham to Twekesbiri a 9. miles. 

From Eovesham to Worcestar 12. miles. 

From Eovesham I passyd a 6. or 7. miles all by cham- 
paine grownd in the Vale of Eoveshame, being al or moste 
parte in Worchestar-shire, to Stanway-village, standynge in 
the rotes of the hills caullyd Coteswolde. 

The vale of Eovesham is as it were for suche an angle the 
horreum of Wurcester-shire, it is so plentifull of come. It 
lyethe from the left ripe of Avon to the very roots of Cotes- 
wolde-hilles. 

There is in Stanwey [Com. Glouc] a fayre manor place Qloucester 
and lordshipe, at the east ende of the churche, a late longing •lii'«. 
to the abbay of Tweukesbyri, where he some tyme lay. Mr. 
Tracy hathe it now in ferme. 

There comithe downe from est-southe-est a broket that 
aftar goithe to Toddington streame. 

From Stanway a mUe to Dydbroke, and a quarter of a 
mile beyond is Hayles. There cummithe downe a prile of 
watar from the sowthe syde of Hayles abbay and goithe 
toward Todington water.* 

Frome Hailes tp Winchelescombe ^ a mile and halfe by 



* Isbome r. 



*> Winchcomb. 



54 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- fayre plentiful! hills. The towne of Winchelescombe stand- 

^^^' ithe from a litle valley by est, and so softely risethe in 

fo. 68 b. lengthe of one principall streate into the west. The towne of 

certente, as it apperithe in divars places, and especially by 

southe toward Sudeley-casde, was waullyd; and the l^en<^ 

or lyfe, of St. Kenelme doothe testifie the same. 

There was a forteres or castelle right again the southe 
syde of St. Peter's. The paroche churche of Wincheles- 
combe, cauUyd of latar dayes (as apperithe by writyngs in 
Winchelescombe abbay) Ivy-castelle, now a place where a 
fewe poore housys be and gardines. I thinke that the old 
buildings of it faullynge into ruine, and yvie growynge on 
the waulls of it, causyd [it to be called byj the name of Ive- 
castle. 

[The last prior of Winchelescombe tould mee that he hath 
heard that there was a fort or castle about the east or north- 
east part of the towne of Winchelescombe.] 

Kenulphus, Kynge of the Merches, had a place^ in this 
towne, and first buildyd a famous abbay in it, [and dedicated 
it with a glorious solemnity.] This abbay was at 2. sundry 
tymes defacyd with fier and reedifyed. 

[Rich, de Kiddermister, the last abbot saving one, did 
great cost of the church, and enclosed the abbey towardes 
the towne with a maine stone-wall ex quadrato Saxo.l 

There laye beryed [in the east part of the church of the 
monastery of Winchecombe,] Kenulphus and Kendmus, 
the fathar and sonne, bothe Kyngs of the Merchies. There 
laye [in St. Nicholas chappell at the east end of the High 
Aulter one Henry Boteler, that covered the body of the 
church of the monastery with lead. This Boteler was of the 
house of the Botelers of Sudeley. There laye other of the 
Botelers of Sudley in the church of the monasteryct] There 
was of auncyent tyme a churche of St. Nicholas in the east 
parte of the towne, decayed many yers sence. 
Burton (a). [In King Henry 5. t)rme, the parish church of the towne 
was kept in the body of the church of the monasterye. But 
in K. H. 6. tyme one William Winchelesecombe, abbot of 

[♦ Burton has " pallace " for " olace."] 

ft Stow has for this paragraph simply, "divars of the Batlars of 
Sudiey."] 



PART V 55 

Winchelesecombe, beganne with the consent of the towne Glouccster- 
a parish church at the west end of the abbey, where of «b^* 
ould tyme had beene and then was a little chappell of St. 
Pancrace. 

Abbot William made the east end of the church. The 
parishioners had gathered a ;^2oo and beganne the body of 
the church; but that summe being not able to performe so 
costly a worke Rafe Boteler Lord Sudley helped them and 
finished the worke. 

I marked in the south isle of the quire, fyrst the image of 
Tho. Boteler Lord Sudeley. Then were there images of 
these his sonnes followinge, John, William, Thomas and 
Rafe, and an image (as I take it) of Elizabeth wife to Rafe 
L. Sudeley. There were also in the glasse windowes in 
the north isle of the quire images of 4. gentlewomen, 
whereof one was named Alicia, Da, to Tho. Boteler L. 
Sudeley. 

This parish church is dedicated to St. Peter.]* 

There was once an hospitall in the towne, [but now the 
name only of Spittle remaineth.] 

The broke that cummithe downe by the southe parte of 
the towne is comonly caulyd Eseburne.* It risethe about a fo. 69 a. 
3. miles above the towne by west, and so rennith by est to 
the very botom of the towne of Winchelescombe. Then it 
tumithe somewhat northe and to Tudington, not 2. miles of, 
and at . . . goeth in to the river of . . . 

The castle of Sudeley is about halfe a myle from Win- 
chelescombe. 

. . . Botelart L. Sudeley made this castle h Jundatnentis^ 
and whan it was made it had the price of all the buyldings 
in those dayes. I rede but of one Lorde Sudelay of the 
Butelers, and his name was Thomas, as it apperith in the 
glase windowes at Winchelescombe in St. Petar's churche. 
Therefore I take that it was this Thomas that made the 
castell. Yet dyd Mr. Thracy tell mee, that Rafe Butlar 

[* All within these [ ] is summarized by Stow thus, " A paroche 
churche lately buyldyd of S. Petar."] 

[t Stow has no blank, but inserts "by," which seems without 
meaning.] 

* Isbome r. 



56 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- buildyd the castle; but he shewyd no autorite, whi. Indede 
shire. Thomas had a sonne callyd Rafe set as yongest in ordar in 

the glase wyndows of St. Peter's churche. 

Lord Sudley that builded the castle was a famous man of 
warr in Heniy the 5. and Henry the 6. dayes, and was 
admirall (as I have hard) on se; whereupon it was sup- 
posed, and spoken, that it was partly buildyd by spoyles 
goten in Fraunce; [and some speake of a towre in it 
called Potmare's Towre, that it should be made of a ransome 
of his.] 

One thinge was muche to be notyd in this castle, that 
parte of the wyndows were glasyd wi&i berall. [There had 
bene a manour place at Sudley before the building of the 
castle, and the plott is yet scene in Sudley parke where it 
stoode. 

Kynge Edward the fourthe bare no good will to the Lorde 
Sudeley, as a man suspectyd to be in hart Henry the 6. man ; 
whereapon by complaynts he was attachid, and goinge up to 
London he lokyd from the hill to Sudeley, and sayde, " Sud- 
ley castelle thou art a traytor, not I." After he made an 
honest declaration, and sould his castle of Sudeley to Kynge 
Edward. 

Henry the 7. gave the castle of Sudeley to his unde 
Gasper Duke of Bedford, or permitted hym to have the use 
of it. Now it goith to mine, more pitie. The Thracies of 
Todington were set up by lands gyven them by the Butlers. 

There comithe a praty lake out of Sudley parke downe by 
the castell, and cummithe into Easeburn broke, at the 
southe syd of Winchelescombe. 

From Winchelescombe to Tewkesbyri a 7. miles. 

From Winchelescombe to Worcestar 14. miles. 

From Winchelescombe to Persore a 9. miles. 

From Winchelescombe to Cirencestre 15. miles. 

From Winchelescombe to Gloucester 12. miles. 

From Winchelescombe to Eovesham 7. or 8. miles. 

From Winchelescombe to Southam a 3 miles 
fa 69 b. by good corne, pasture, and wood but somewhat hilly. 
Here dwellithe Ser John Hudelstan, and hatbe buyldyd a 
pratye maner place. He bought the land of one Good- 
man. 

To Chiltenham, a longe toune havynge a market, a 4 or 



PART V 57 

5 miles. It longid to the abbay of Tewkesbyry, now to the Gloucester- 
kyng. A broke * in the southe syd of the towne. shire. 

From Chiltenham to Glocestar a 6. miles all by low 
grounde, corne, pasture and medow. All the quartars there- 
about from Winchelescombe to Eovesham and to Twekes- 
byry, and all the way from Chiltenham to Glocestar, and fo. 70 a. 
thens to Twekesbery, and partly downe from Glocestar on 
Severne ripes to Newenham muche low grownd, subjecte to 
al sodeyne rysinges of Syveme : so that aftar reignes it is 
very foule to travayle in. I passyd over 2. or 3. smale bekks 
goinge betwixt Clultenham and Glocestar, and they resorte 
to Severne. 

The towne of Gloucestar is auncient, well buildyd of tym- 
bar, and large, and strongly defendyd with waulls, wher it 
is not fortified with a depe streame of Severne watar. In the 
wauU be 4. gates by este, west, northe and southe, and soe 
here the names, but that the est-gate is commonly caullyd 
Aillesgate.t 

The auncient castle stondinge southe on the towne by 
Severne lefte ripe. The key on Severn lyfte ripe, whithar 
picards and small shippis cum, is almost by the castle. I 
leamyd there that the old key on Severne stode hard by St. 
Oswaldes, and for strife betwixt the towne and the howse of 
St. Oswald it was thens remevyd. When the key was by St. 
Oswalds, there were divers praty streates that now be cleane 
decayed, as St. Bride's Strete, and Sylver Gerdle Strete. 
The trothe is thos streats stod not moste holsomly, and 
were subject to the raginge flode of Severn, therefore men 
desired more to inhabite in the higher places of the toun. 
The beautie of the towne lyeth in too crossing stretes, as fa 70 b. 
the gates of the towne ly; and at the place of the midle 
metynge, or quaterfors of thes stretes, is aquaduklyd in- 
castellid.t 

There be suburbes without the est, north, and south gates 
of Glocestar. The bridge only withe the causey lyethe at 
the west gate. The bridge that is on the chefe arme of 

r* The Chelt r.] 

[t This is not given among the gates of the dty named by Fos- 
brooke, " City of Gloucester," p. 65. 

[t Burton has " or quartars of diese streetes is an Aquaeduct inca- 
sellated." His copyist (Burton b) has " incaUated" for the last word.] 



58 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- Seveme, that renethe hard by the towne, is of 7. great arches 
shire. ^f stone. There is anothar a litle more west of it, that 

hathe an arche or 2, and servythe at a tyme for a diche or 
dreane of the meads. A litle way farthar is anothar bridge, 
hard witheout the weste gate, and this bridge hathe 5. 
greate archis. From this bridge there goithe a greate causey 
of stone, forcyd up thrughe the low meds of Severn by the 
lengthe of a quartar of a myle. In this cawsey be dyvers 
doble arched bridges, to drene the medows at flods. At the 
end of this causey is a bridge of 8. arches not yet finished. 

Bell a marchaunt of Gloucestar [now livinge, consideringe 
to a common-wealth bridges and cawseys be, and to the 
towne of Gloucester*] hathe gyven x. li. lands the yere 
toward the mayntenans of thes bridges. 

There be a 1 1. parish churches t in Gloucester towne. In 
the . . . suburbe is St. Ewines. I cannot tell sewrly whither 
this be one of the 1 1. 

The Graye Friers [coUedge] stod without the towne not 
far from the southe gate. One of the Lord Barkeleys was 
foundar of it. It is now a brew-house, 
fo. 70 bis. Kynge Henry thej3. and one Stephene dominus de Hams- 
hull miies were founders of the Blakefriers about the yere 
of our lord 1239. The Blakefriers stood withe in the towne 
not far from the castle. This hows is by one Bell made a 
drapinge howse. 

The White Fryers [coUedge] stode in the suburbe without 
the northe gate. There is in that suburbe [somewhat more 
by north] an hospitall for poore folks [endowed with landes 
dedicate to St. Margaret. The township hath the order of 
this.t] 

Nat far from that is anothar [poore hospitall] of St. Mary 
Magdalen, [somewhat more by north then St. Margarettes.J 
The prior of Lanthony was taken foundar [there, and was 
wont to maintaine it with certaine charity of bread.] 

[There is an hospitall of St. Bartholomew a lide within 
the west-gate. This hospitall had once a master and 52. 

[* The words in brackets are given by Burton only, but either he 
omitted something, or Leland did so, and hence Stow did not copy 
what he found incomplete.] 

[t Stow has X in the first place and XI in the second.] 

B Stow only has «* of St. Margaret."] 



PART V 59 

poore men, and now it hath a master and 32. poore men and Gloucester, 
women. The bishop of Worcester doth give this hospitall.' shire. 
Some saye it was of the kinges foundation. One Pancefoote, '^'^• 
that was livinge in the mind of ould men, is buried in the 
chappell of this hospitall. Whitmaster a suffragane, now 
ruler of this house, raised this hospitall that afore was very 
subject to the rising of Severne, and a-builded a faire lodging 
for himselfe in the hospitall.] • 

Things gatheryd out of certayne writyns in the wall of the 
northe ile of the body of the church in Gloucester. 

Osrik first under kynge and lord of this contry, and the 
kynge of Northombarland, with the licence of Ethelrede 
kynge of the Merch, first foundyd this monastery anno 681. 
Osrike by the counsell of Bosel, first Byshope of Worcestar, 
put in nunes, and makith his systar Kineburge abbas there. 

Thre noble wimen Kineburge, Edburge,t and Eva, 
qwenes of Merche only abbasses for the tyme of the nunes, 
whiche was 84. yeres.J The nunes were ravyshid and dryven 
away by warres betwyxt Kynge Egberte and the kynges of 
the Merches. 

Bernulph Kynge of the Merche bringethe in secular 
chanons and clerks [givinge possessions and liberties to 
them.] 

Kynge Canute for yll ly vynge expellithe the seculer clerks, fo. 70 bis b. 
and by the counsell of Wolstan Byshope of Worcester bring- 
ethe in monks. 

Aldred Byshope of Wurcestar translatyd to Yorke takythe 
a greate parte of the lands of Glocestar Abbay to reaedifie 
the [minster §] of Yorke. 

A nobleman cauUyd Wolphine Lekne (Lereve||) for 7. 
pristes kyllyd had penaunce to finde perpetually 7. monks 
in Glocestar. 

Thomas Archbyshope of Yorke restoryd the lands agayn 

[* For thb ^Lssage Stow has only " withe in the west gate is an hos- 
pitall of seint Barthelmew."] 
[t Burton (a) has " Eilbuxge."] 
It Barton (a) has '* 84. and 4 yeres."] 
[§ Stow has "churche."] [1| Written over Lekne.] 



6o LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- to Glocestar whiche Aldredus [Archbp. of Yorke wrongfully 
shire. did withould.] * 

[William the Conquerour gave the Abbey of Gloucester 
decayed to Serlo his chaplaine. Serlo monachus ScH. 
Michailis in Normannia. 

K. William the Conquerour an his sonnes gave possessions 
and liberties to the Abbey of Gloucester. 

Sancta Arilda virgin, martyred at Kington by Thome- 
bury, translated to this monastary, had done many 
miracles.] 

Roger Lacy Erie of Hereford, Roger Lord Berkeley, Hugh 
de Portu, Helias Giffard, Joannes Maungeant [Canon of 
Hereford] were monks in Gloucester. 

The quire and southe isle of Glocestar churche [were] 
made by oblations done at the tumbe of Edward the 2. 

Names of noblemen buried in the monastery of 
Glocestar. 

Osricus, foundar of Glocestar-Abbay, [first laye in St- 
Petroners chappell, thence removed into our Lady Chappell, 
and thence removed of late dayes, and layd under a faire 
tombe of stone on the north syde of the high aulter; at the 
foote of the tombe is this written in a wall: 

Osricus Rex primus Jundator hujus mondsterii^ 681.] 

Robert Courthose, sonne to William Conquerar, [lyeth in 
the middle of the presbiterie. There is on his tombe an 
image of wood peinted, made longe since his death.] 

K)mge Edward 2. [of] Caimarvon [lyeth under a faire 
tombe in an arch at the head of King Osric tombe. 

Serlo, Abbot of Gloucester, lyeth under a faire marble 
tombe, on the south syde of the presbiterye. There was of 
late taken up a corse wrapped in a bulles hyde under an 
arche at the head of the tombe of Edw. of Caemarvan, 
where Malveme alias Parker, late Abbot of Gloucester made 
a chappell to be buried in. A monke tould me that it was 
the corps of a lady Countesse of Pembroke. 

Abbott Horton lyeth under a flat stone in the north part 
of the transept of the church. 

[♦ Stow has "had withheld."] 



PART V 6i 

Abbot Froncester lyeth in a chappell at the south west part Qlouccater- 
of the quire.] •^'*- 

Gamage a knight of Wales, and his wyfe, [lye in a chap- 
pell in the north east part of the body of the church.] 

Things written in ,the waulls of the chapiter-house and 
cloyster at Gloucestar. 

Hicjacei • Roger Lacey Comes [de] Hereford. 
Hie j<uet Ricus Strongbowe filius Gilberti Comitis [de] 
Pembroke. 
Hicjacet Gualterus de Laceio. 

Hicjacet Phillippus de Foye miles. fo. 71. 

Hicjacet Berunardus de Novo Mercatu. 
Hicjacet Paganus de Cadurcis. 
Hicjacet Adam de Cadurcis. 
Hicjacet Robertus Curtus. 

[These notable things following I learned of an ould man, Burton (a> 
made lately a monke of Gloucester. ^*°- *°'' 

Abbotts of Gloucester; Hanley, Farley, Horton, Sebroke, 
Froncester, Morwent. 

Serlo reaedified Gloucester Abbey. Abbot Hanley and 
Farley made our Lady Chappell, at the east end of the 
church. Abbot Horton made the north part of the crosse 
isle. The south part of the crosse isle and much of the 
presbiterie vault was made by oblations at the tombe of 
King E. 2. 

Abbot Sebroke made a great part of the exceedinge faire 
and square tower in the midst of the church. This tower is 
a pharos to all partes about from the hilles. 

Abbot Froncester made the cloister, a right goodly and 
sumptuous peece of worke. 

Abbot Morwent newly erected the very west end of the 
church, and 2. arches of the body of the church, one on 
each syde, minding if he had lived to have made throughly 
the whole body of the church of like worke. He also made 
the stately and costly porche on the south syde of the body 
of the church. 

[* Stow writes jadt throughout this list.] 



62 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Qloncester- One Osbeme celerer of Gloucester made of late a fa]rre 
Bhirc. new tower or gate-house at the south west part of the abbey 

cemiterye. 

These fajn^ villes or mannor places belong to the Abbot 
of Gloucester. 

Prinkenesse* on a hill, where is a faire parke 3. miles 
from Gloucester by east. 

Vyneyard a goodly house on an hillett at the cawsey end 
at Gloucester by west. 

Hertlebury 4. miles by north-west from Gloucester. 

Froncester,** where sometimes was a coUedge of preben- 
daries, suppressed and given to Gloucester Abbey, is distant 
8. miles from Gloucester, and standeth a mile beyond 
Standeley '^ Priory. The King hath it nowe, it is an 100. m. 
by the yere. 

Bromefeild, where sometimes was a litle coUedge, since 
impropriate to the Abbey of Gloucester, a 2. miles from 
Ludlowe.] 

The Priory of St. Oswald stood north north west from 
Glocestar Abbay upon Seveme ripe. Ethelredus Erie of 
the Marches and Ethelfleda his noble wyfe, dowghtar to 
Edward the first afore the Conquest, foundyd this howse, 
[instituting prebendaries in it,] and thethar translatyd from 
Bardeney the body of Oswald Kynge of Northumbarland, 
[and there richly entombed it]. 

[It chanced that soone after the Conquest a bishop of 
Lincolne, great with the king, required other jurisdiction or 
landes in Lindesey belonging to the seate of Yorke, for 
(which?) the king entreated the archbishop, being at that 
tyme also B. of Worcester. Whereupon the B. of Yorice 
desyringe (? desired) the king to have the colledge of St 
Oswald impropriate to the seate of Yorke, and so he had. 
Whereupon he practized with the prebendaries of a new 
foundation, and that they should be chanons r^ular. 
Some were content, some would not: but the B. brought 
his purpose to passe by power, and there instituted a house 
of canons reguler, impropriating benefices unto them and 
giving them coyletts of land, reserving the goodly landes 

• Prinknash Park. ^ Frocester. 

Stanley. 



PART V 63 

to the church of Yorke, that at this tyme be yet possessed Qloucester- 
of it.] • "Wre- 

The Priory of Lanthony, of chanons regular, stood on the 
lefte ripe of Seveme, a litle benethe Glocestar. One Milo 
Erie of Hereforde was foundar of it, and it was first but a 
cell to L[l]anhondeney in Brekenokeshere. [This priory 
had goodly landes, whereof a notable part was in Ireland. 
There longid to this priory many fayre mannour places.] 

Newarke a praty howse of stone hard by Lantony; 
Quadesley* a 3. miles of Brokworth; Barendene* in Cotes- 
wold; Alverton* by Severn a 3. miles from Chepstowe; all 
thes belongyd to Lantoney. 

The ryver of Severne brekethe into 2. armes in the 
medowes a litle above Glocestar, whereof the principall 
arme strikethe hard by Glocester towne syde, the other 
goithe thowrughe a great bridge at the west ende of the 
cawsey at Glocestar and a litle benethe Lantony Priorie they 
meete togethers. This isle or mediannis betwixt these 8. 
armis is al very goodly medow ground, and that about 
Lantony, for cheese there made is in [great] price. 

There is no bridge on Seveme benethe Glocestar. There 
is no bridge on Seveme above Glocester, tyll the townlet of fo. 71 b. 
Upton a II. or 12. miles from Glocestar, whithar at high 
tydes Seveme se doth flow. 

There be few notable buildings on Seveme betwixt 
Glocestar and Aust Clif, where the fery is over Seveme into 
the Forest of Dene. 

Newenham, an uplandishe tounlet in the Forest of Dene 
on the right ripe of Seveme, is a 8. miles bynethe Glocestar. 
There at the full se Seveme is halfe a myle of bredthe. 

A 2. miles lower Seveme is at the full sea a 2. miles and 
halfe over, and at Aust Clif 2. good miles over. 

Barkeley an 18. miles from Glocester somewhat distaunt 
fix)m the Seveme shore. 

Thombyri a 22. miles of Glocestar, and a 4. miles above 

[* Burton, a, p. loi. I add the words in ( ) as something is wanting 
to explain the sense. L. T. S.] 



* Quedgley. ^ Barington. « ElbertoiL 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Oloucester- Auste not very far from Severn shore. There comithe a 
Bhirc. creke up by the Marshes from Seveme to ThombyrL 

From Glocestar to Twekesbyri a 7. miles. 

From Glocestar to Wurcestar a 20. miles. 

From Glocestar to Cirencester 18. miles. 

From Glocestar to Monemuth 26. miles.* 

From Glocestar to Newent 6. miles. 

From Glocestar to Rosse 12. miles. 

From Glocestar to Brightestowe 30. miles. 

From Glocestar to Hereford 20. miles. 

As sone as I passed ovar the arme of Seveme at the west 
end of Glocestar I enteryd into the Forest of Dene, the 
whiche thens downeward alonge Seveme on the moudie of 
Wy ryver, (where it goithe into Seveme) and on the othar 
parte agayne from Monemouthe to the mouthe of Wye is 
devided from Wales by the lefte ripe of Wye river. 

The soyle of the Forest of Dene for the moste parte is 
more fratefull of wood and grasse then of come, and yet 
ther is good come sufficient for the inhabytaunts of it. The 
ground is frutefull of yron mynes, and dyvers forges be there 
to make yren. 

Flaxley Abbay of white monks stode in Dene Forest 5. or 
6. miles from Glocestar. 

Mastar Baynonnf dwellithe at Westbyri in the Forest of 
Dene a 6. miles from Glocestar. 

[The castle of Hereford.] 

Hereford- The castle of Hereford stondithe on the lifte ripe of Wy 
shire. ryver, and a litle benethe the bridge, and is strongly diched 

ubi non defenditur flumine. The waules of it be highe and 
stronge, and full of great towres, but now the hole castle 
tendithe toward mine. It hath bene one of the fisurest, 
largest and strongest castles of England. It hathe 2. wardes, 
and eche of them were environid with water. There cam an 
arme of a broke that rennithe thrwgh a great pece of the 
towne dike by an arche made in the towne wauUe into the 
castle dyke, and so compassynge halfe the castle went into 

[* Burton (a) has '* Monmouth 20. miles."] 
[t Burton has <* Bainham."] 



PART V 65 

Wy : so that withe the principall arme of it goinge thoroughe Hercford- 
the castle dike, and with the mayne streame of Wy river, «hire. 
the hole castle was environyd; but now the arme of the fo. 7 b. 
broke cumithe not thorwe the castle, yet might it be sone 
returnyd thither. 

The second warde where the dungeon is was also envi- 
ronyd withe watar. For a pece of the watar that cam 
thrwghe the dyche was turnyd that way.* 

The dungeon of the castle is highe and very stronge, 
havynge the utter waull or warde 10. lo'Nxts forma semicir- 
culari^ and one great towre in the inner warde. 

There was a great bridge of stone archis, and a draw 
bridge in the midle of it, to entre into the castle. It stode 
on the northe west syde of it. It is now clene downe. 

There is a faire chapell of St. Cuthebert, the este parte 
whereof is made opere circulari. There were sometyme 
prebendaries; but one of the Laceis translatyd them thens 
onto St. Peter's in Hereford towne, and that coledge was 
thens translatyd into the este suburbe of Hereford, and 
a priorie of monkes erectyd there, and made a cell to 
Glocestar. 

There is a fayre and plentifull springe of watar within the 
castell, and that and the pece of the broke comminge out 
of the diche dyd drive a mille within the castle. 

Some thinke that Harold began this castle, aftar that he 
had conqueryd the rebellion of the Walche in Kynge Edward 
the Confessor's tyme. 

Som thinke that the Lacies Erles of Hereforde were the 
great makers of it, and the Bohuns Erles of Heriforde. It fo. 73. 
hathe still decayed syns the Bohuns tyme. 

The towne of Hereforde stondithe somewhat lowe on 
every t syde. There be hills by est and southe on the ryght 
rype of Wy ryver, well wooddyd, and not far distaunt from 
Hereforde toune. 

The name of Hereford toune of some in Welche is caulyd 
Heneford of an old forde by the castle, by the whiche many 

[• In Burton's copy the first part of this description, beginning, " The 
castle" to " that waye" is transposed after the passage ending " syns 
the Bohuns tyme."] 

[t " Every " in Burton; Stow has ** the very."] 
II. F 



66 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Hereford- passyd over, or evar the great bridge on Wy at Herford 
shire. were made. 

Some caull Herford in Walche Trefarrithi hfagis quarum 
copia in agro illo crescebat The towne seUe is within the 
compasse of the walls a good mile. 

There be in the wauls of Hereford 6. gates: Wy Gate; 
Frere Gate standithe west, cauUyd of the Gray Freres house 
standinge without it; Inne Gate toward west north west; 
Wigmarsh Gate flat northe; [Wigmarch a marsh ground a 
little without the gate or suourbe:] Bysshop Strete Gate 
northe est; St. Androws Gate by est, so caullyd of St 
Androwes pariche in the suburbes without this gate. 

There is a litle broke that cummithe a 5. miles by west 
from Hereforde, and so circuitithe the diches of Herford 
towne walls, ubi non defenditur vaga^ and goithe downe 
levynge the castle on the right hand, and there drivynge 2. 
mills for come goith into Wy a flite shot bynethe Wy bridge 
and hard by benethe the castle, 
fo. 73 b. The waull and gates of Herford be right well maintainjrd 
by the burgesses of the towne. The comon voice is that Uie 
towne of Herford was scant fortified with wauls at suche 
tyme as Griphine Prince of Wales destroyed the towne 
[and] kyllyd the Bysshope Leofgarus and his clerks by the 
assystance and consent of Algarus sonne to Leofric Erie of 
Merches. 

One Richard Philippes marchaunt of Herford, buried of 
late days in cemiterio S, Mariae infra claustrum S. Mariat 
in septo ecclesiae \de Hereford^ tegitur saxo quod erat super 
altare prioratus de Acronbyri, 

The castle of Hereford standithe on the southe syde of 
the towne hard apon Wy bynethe Herford bridge. It was a 
great thing. 

There be 4. paroche churches within the waulls, St Peter, 
St. Nicholas, Alhallows, and St. John's. 

The cathedrall churche stondithe in the southe parte of 
the towne as in the highest grownd of it nere to the castle. 

Robert Lorengo Bysshope of Heriford began a new 

churche there, and Byshope Kynelme of Herford dyd muche 

unto it. 

fo. 74. Milfridus Regulus and Quenburge his wyfe first founders 

of the cathedrall churche of Herford. There is a suburbe 



PART V 67 

without Wy-Gate, and therein is a chapell of our Lady of Hereford- 
Alingtre prope furcaSy another of S. Aegidii. There is a ■hire, 
churche of St Martin in Wy-Gate suburbe bynethe the 
bridge. 

The brige ovar Wy hathe . . . great arches of stone. 

There be but few howses without Freres Gate. 

The Grey Friers howse was foundyd by Sir William Pen- 
bridge. [The Bishop of Hereford gave them some landes.] 

Ther ly beried at the Gray Friers some of the Chaundos 
and Comwalls. Owen Mereduke, alias Tyder, [buried in 
the Grey Freyers in navieccUsiae in saceliosine idla sepulchri 
ptcfnoria,] 

There is a suburbe without Inne Gate, and in it is a 
chappell of St. Giles first founded for Lazars, now convertyd 
to the use of othar pore folke. The burgesses be patrons 
of it. 

[There is a suburbe without the north-gate alias] Wig- 
marche Gate.* [This] is the fayrest suburbe of the towne. 
In this suburbe was the Blake Friers, first foundyd by Dein- 
ville a knight and finished by Edward the third. 

Ther was buried William Beauchampe Lord of Bergaveny ; 
William Lord Hastyngs Erie of Penbroke, tyll he was re- 
movyd to the Grey Friers in London [for which the Black 
Fryers of Hereford had an hundred poundes]. 

Ser Richard Delaber. 

Ser Roger Chaundos and his wyfe. 

Ser Nicholas Clare. 

Ser John Burley. 

Ser John EUesforde. 

Mabilia Rouse. 

Ser Thomas Rehan. 

Henry Oldcastle. 

Alexandar Bagche episcopus Castrencis, confessor to Ed- 
ward 3, [buried in &ie quire]. He dyed at Herford, 
Edward the 3 with the prince and 3 archbyshops beinge 
there at the dedication of the Blake friers churche. 

There was an hospitall of St. John, sometym a howse of fo. 74 b. 
Templaries, now it is an almeshouse with a chaple. At the 

[* Stow adds <* suburbe," making one sentence, and omits the words 
between [ ].] 



68 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Hereford- northe ende of this suburbe is a broke caullyd Smaul Purse, 
shire. cumming out of a [medowe called] Erode Medow thereby. 
It rennithe by the Blake Freres, and drivynge mils goithe 
under Inc Bridge of one stone arche and so into Wy. 

There is a prat>- suburbe without Bysshops-gate-Strete. 
There was the priory of St. Guthelake, a cell to Glocestar. 
This priori was afore in St. Peter's churche in Herford, 
translatyd thens to witheout the Bysshopgate suburbe by 
Hugh Lacy. 

[Betun B. of Hereford gave them situm noviioct.'] 

There was a tombe of one Bernard Quarre, a provost or 
ruler of St. Peter's in Herford afore the erectynge* of 
S. Guthlak's Priory, slayne at the altar, and aftar in continu- 
aunce translatyd to the chapiter of S. Guthlake.* 

There is a suburbe without St. Andrew's gate. Ther is a 
parocshe church of St. Andrew in the midle of the strete. 
There is an hospitall of St. Giles, wher ons wer friers Giaye 
and the Templaries. Kynge Richard gave this chapel! to 
the towne, and then it was mad an hospitalL 
fo. 75. From Hereforde to Leonminstre an 8. miles, and so by the 
right way 7. miles more to Ludelow. 

There is a hill caullyd Comforte Castle, where of sum 
ruines yet appere, about a myle northe of from Leon- 
minstre. 

From Herford to the Hay a 12 myles. 

From Herford to Brekenoke, 24 miles. Hay being almoste 
in the mydle way. 

From Herford to Wormebridge 6 miles, thens to Ailstone* 
bridge a 2 mils. 

Thens to Lincote wode a 3 miles, and 5 miles to Afare- 
geveny. 

From Herford to Dowef abey southe southe west a 6 
mils. 

From Herford to Monemuth 12. miles; to Chepstow 6. 

[• • This passage was placed by Burton (a) after the words " Hiiffh 
Lacy," three lines above.] •»«*" 

[t Burton has «• Dare." Now Dore Abbey, 00 river Dore.] 

* ?Elslon. 



PART V 69 

miles; to Becheley* on Seveme right ripe 2. miles; to Ast Hereford- 
Clife over the fery 2. miles; to Brightstow* 12. miles. shire.. 

From Hereford to Lee 14. miles, and thens to Glocestar 
8. miles and more. 

From Hereford to Worcestar about 20 miles. 

From Hereford to Bromeyarde, a market towne in Heri- 
fordshire, 1 2. miles, in dextra ripa Frame fluvii. 

From Hereford to Wygmore a 14. miles; 8. to Leon- 
minster and 5. to Wygmore townelet. The abbay of Wig- 
more is a myle beyond Wygmor towne. 

From Herford to Webbeley'' 7. miles by west northe west. 
It is a market towne in Herforde-shire, where is a goodly 
castell, but somewhat in decay. It was as the chefe lord- 
shipe of the Devereux. 

The castle of LinshauU,* of some writen Leonshaul, is a 
2. miles from Webbeley. It longgid also to the Devereux, 
and there is a parke. 

The very old lords of Lmshall wer the Marbires. This fo. 75 h. 
castle cam to the Devereux by an heire generall of the Mar- 
beries. 

There is no bridge on Wy from Herford to Buelth up- 
ward. There is a bridge newly repayryd with tymbre. 
Buelth is a . . . miles above the Hay on Wy ripa dextra, 
[There is a wood bridge by Rosse.] There is no bridge by 
nethe Herforde on Wy, unto a lytle above the confluence of 
Wy and Mone ryver. 

[There is a lordshippe and mannor place called Ewias 
castle, where Tregoz dwelled, on the . . . ripe of Wye a 
. . . miles beneath Hereford. It hath beene a notable 
thinge.] 

There is a bridge of wood to passe from Monemouth to 
the Forest of [Dene.] There is no bridge on Wy by nethe 
Monemouth to the very mouthe of Wy. There was one of 
tymbar at Chepstow. 

The confluence of Lug and Wy is a lytle bynethe Mordi- 
forde bridge of stone on Lug. Mordiford bridge is a 3. 
miles from Hereford. Lug commithe within a mile of Her- 
ford. 

There be benethe Leonminstre these bridges of stone on 

• Beachley. ^ Bristol. <» Weobley. d Lyonshall. 



Hereford- 
shire. 



fo. 76. 



70 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Luc : . . . a quartar of a myle benethe Leonminstie. llie 
second is Ford bridge of 3. arches, a 2. miles lower. The 
third is at Hampton, somtyme a manor of the barons of 
Burford, now of Conisbyes, a myle lower then Ford bridge. 
Hampton stondithe ripa sinistra. The fourthe is at Wistes- 
ton village a 3. myles lower. The fifth is Lug bridge of 
stone. The sixth is Lug-Wardine, where (ripa sinistra) 
Chaundos had a maner place, syns longynge to Bridgis, now 
sould to Warme-Combe. The seventh is Mordiforde, and 
is the biggest of all the residewe. 



Bridges on Lug above Leon-Minstar.* 

A bridge of stone over Lug in the . . . part of Leon- 
minster towne selfe. A bridge of stone a 2. miles uper 
caullyd Kyngesland-bridge. A bridge of stone by Limbroke 
a four miles upper. 

There was the priory of nuns of Lbebroke,* it is a quartar 

of a myle or more from the lyfte rype of Lugge. 

Radnor- There is a 2. miles upperward a stone bridge ovar Lug at 

shire. Presteine; [which towne of Presteine (was) endowed of late 

yeres with priviledges and a market by the intercession of 

Rich. Martin Rich. Martin Bishop of St. David, and before chaunoellour 

h'^8 ^^^^^^^ o^ ^^® Merches, emoassadour into Spaine and other strange 

countries.]t 
Monmouth- The river of Mone** risethe in a place caulyd Foresthene 
shire. about a 2. miles by J west from Monemouth. 

The castle of Skenfrith standithe 5. miles above Mone- 
mouth toune on Mone ryver on the very ripe§ of it [secun- 
dum decursumfluviiy'] and in tymes paste be al lykelyhod the 
ryver dyd go about the castle dyk. Muche of the uter warde 
of this castle yet standithe, the site of it is sumwhat low. 
There is a stone bridge over Mone a lytle above the castle. 

[♦ See also p. 73.] 

[t For this paragraph Stow has merely " a new market towne."] 
[X Burton has ** about 20. miles."] 

[§ Burton's ** very ripe " seems the correct reading. Stow has " very 
right ryght," an evident error.] 



* Limerock Abbey, 



Monnow. 



PART V 71 

Hubertus de Burgo Erie of Kent was lord of Skenfrith, and Monmouth- 
the noble Edmund Erie of Kent had it. sWrc 

The castle of Grossemount • standithe a 3. miles above 
Skenfrith, on the right hand of Mone water, secundum dtcur- fo. 76 b. 
sumfluviiy halfe a myle from the rype. It stondithe strongly 
on a rokky hill dry dychid, and a village of the same name 
by it. Moste parte of the castle wauls stand. 

The third castle of the lordshipe of Tirtre or 3. townes is 
caullyd White-Castle, three miles flat southe from Grosse- 
mounte. This castle stohdythe on a hill, and is dry motyd. 
It is made almoste all of great slate stone, and is the greatyst 
of the three. 

The contry is champain about it, and no great woods at 
hand, but the forrest of Grossenmont by northe. Good 
come and pasture about this and the othar two. 

The towne selfe of Monemouthe, by the^confluence of 
Mone and Wy, is on the lyfte ripe of Mone, and there is a 
bridge of stone at the towne over Mone. 

One John of Monemouthe a knight was lord of Mone- 
muthe, and foundar of Gracedew Abbay or Trodi 2. miles 
[ripa dextra] from Monemouth by west north west. 

From Herford to Dynemore hille by enclosyd grownde, Hercford- 
not very hilly, plentifull of all good come and pasture and ■hire, 
metely well woodyd a 4 miles. 

About a mile a this syde Dinmore hil I cam by a [litle] 
village caulyd Wilington,^ and there I passyd ovar a bridge 
of three stone arches. The broke that rennith undar this fo. 77. 
bridge is comonly caulyd Wormeley** watar. It risethe a 4. 
or 5. miles of toward the west, and so cummith to Worme- 
ley vyllage, and thens to Willington, and halfe a quartar of a 
myle benethe Willington it goithe into Lugge by the right 
rype of it. 

The hill selfe of Dynemore is very stepe, highe, well 
woodyd, and a specula to se all the contry about. 

There standithe a lytle by west of the very toppe of Din- 
more hill, on the lefte hand as I rode, a commaundry withe 
a fayr place that lon^d to the Order of the Knights of St. 
John [of Hierasalem] in London. 

• Grosmont. ^ Wellington. 

« Wormesley. 



72 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Hampton From Dynmore hill passynge a mile farthar I saw Hamp- 

Court in ton-Courte a goodly manar place on the lefte rype of Lugge, 

s^erTrnow ^nd there is a stone bridge over Lug. 

it is in Here- This place was erectyd sumptuously by one S' Lenthall, 
ford.] [Kt.] that thus rose up by service; he was yeman of the 

robes with Kyng Henry the 4., and beinge a galante fellaw, 
othar a dowghtar or very nere kynswoman of Henry the 4. 
fell in love with hym, and in continuance was weddyd onto 
hym. Whereapon aftar he fell into estimation, and had 
gyven hym a 1000. li lands by the yere for the mayntenaunce 
of hym and his wyfe, and to theyr heires, among the whiche 
lands he had Ludlaw for one parte, 
fo. 77 b. This Lenthall [was victorious at the battaile of Agin- 
Court, and tooke many prisoners there, by the which prey 
he beganne the new building and] ♦ mannour place at Hamp- 
ton, and brought from an hill a spring of watar, and made a 
litle pool with it in the toppe of his howse. [This Lenthall 
had a sonne by his wife; but he after a few yeares dyed. 
Then left he of to build any more at Hampton, and soone 
after his wife dyed. Then after he maried the daughter of 
. . . L. Grey of Codnor.] 

From Hampton to Leominstre a 3. miles by some en- 
closyd grownde and good come, but no great wood at hand. 
Halfe a mile a this syde Leominster I passyd ovar a bridge 
of 3. arches of stone, undar the whiche Arow rennithe, and 
the bridge berithe the name of it. 

Arow Cometh thrwghe Penbridge towne havynge a good 
market, and there is a bridge of stone ovar it. Then it 
comyethe a 2. miles and halfe to luington village f and lord- 
shipe a late longing to Leonminstre, and ther is a bridge 
ovar [Arowe] of stone. 

Thens about halfe a myle lower to Arow bridge, and 
about a quartar of a myle lower into Lug, by the right 
ripe. 

The ground about Arrow bynethe Ivington is low, and 
there by many fayr medows be there ovsuflowne, and the 
gresse of them scant savyd ons in six yeres. 

The towne selfe of Leonminstar, [alias Lemster], stand- 
ee Stow has " buildyd the new."] 
[t Burton (a) has " Emington mille."] 



PART V 73 

ithe somewhat low, and all the ground very nere about it far Hereford- 
lower, shire. 

In the west end of the towne ar three stone bridgis. The 
first over Penfilly, a streame that cummithe a 5. miles of, out fo. 78. 
of a more by west sowthe west, and renning a 3. miles 
takethe with hym a litle broket that risethe not muche above 
the churche of Kyngesland, and this comythe undar the 
aforesayd bridge in Leonminster, and so goithe thrwghe the 
very howse of the priorye, and thens not far of into Lugge 
by the right ripe. 

The second over Ken watar, that aftar a small cowrce 
bynethe this bridge goithe into Lug. This Ken is an arme 
of Lug, and brekethe out of it at a were a qwartar of a mile 
above Lug-bridge in Leonminster; from* the greatar parte of * Sic, 
Lug is dryven by a damme or were to serve the kyngs mills 
a litle lower then the damme. 

The third is caulyd Lugge-bridge, and, as I remembar, it 
is the greatyst of the 3, and hathe most arches. 

There be 3. notable stone bridgis on Lug betwixt Leon- 
minstre and Prestein otharwyse in Welsh caullyd Lan 
Andrew. 

The first is caullyd Kyngsland-bridge, becawse it is by 
Kyngsland village, and this is a 2. miles above Leon- 
minstre. 

The second is caulyd Linbroke-bridg (as I take it) of 
some confluence of a little broke caullyd Line, or of some 
village beringe the name of Limbroke.* 

The late priory of nunes at Lynbroke stood not farre fo. 78 b. 
from this bridge npa laeva Luge. This bridge is a 3. miles 
above Kingsland bridge. The third is at Presteine.* 

Preisteine was but a Walsche village about Kynge Edward Radnor- 
the 4. tyme: untyll [Rich.] Martyn, Bysshope of St. Davyds ■*>*'*• 
and chauncelar of the Marches, got privileges for it, and 
made it a market towne, that now is very celebrate for 
come. 

The towne of Leonminstar is meatly large and hathe good Hereford- 
buyldinge of tymbar. The antiquitie of the towne is moste "hire, 
famous by a monastery of nunnes, that Merwaldus Kynge 
of the Marches buildid there, and endowyd it with all the 

* Limerock. See Part VI, p. 48. •> Presteign. 



74 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Hereford- teritoris thereabout savynge only the lordshipe now caulyd 
shire. Kingsland. And it is supposyd of clerkis that the old name 
of this towne tooke beginninge of the nunes, and was caullyd 
in Walche Llan-Uieny, idem locus velfanum monialium^ and 
not of a lyon that is writon to have apperyd to Kynge Mer- 
walde, apon the whiche vision he began (as it is sayde) to 
build this nunry. Othar kyngs of the Merches inmedmtly 
folowinge Kynge Merewald were benefactors unto this 
nunry. 

[Some saye that the nunnery was after in the Danes warres 
destroyed, and that after a colledge of prebendaries sett 
there. 

The certainty is knowne that the abbey of Shaftesbury 
had rule at Lemster, and possessed much landes there, and 
sent part of the reliques of St. Edward the Martir to be 
adored there, 
fo. 79. King Hen. I. annexed the landes of Lemster to his abbey 
of Reading, and there was a cell of monkes instituted at 
Lemster by the abbots of Reding.] 

There is but one paroche churche in Leonminstar; but it 
is large, somewhat darke, and of an auncient buildynge: in- 
somoche that there is a great lykelyhod, that it is the 
churche that was somewhat afore the Conquest. The churche 
of the priorie was hard joynyd to the est end of the paroche 
churche, and was but a smaull thinge. [Some saye, that the 
monkes of the priory sayd that they had the skulles of the 
heades of Merewald and Ethelmund Kinges ctf Modbes. 
Mr. Hackluit tould me that the body of Kinge Merewald 
was found in a wall in the old church of Wenlok.] 

The towne of Leonminster by reason of theyr principall 
wolle usyd great drapinge of clothe, and thereby it florishid. 

Syns of later dayes it chauncid that the cities of Herford 
and Worcester complainid of the frequency of people that 
cam to Leonminstre, in prejudice of bothe their markets in 
the shyre townes, and also in hinderinge their drapinge. 
Whereapon the Saturday market was remevid from Leon- 
minstre, and a market on Friday was newly assignyd onto 
it. Syns that tyme the toun of Leonminstar hathe decayed. 
The commune fame of the people about Leonminstar is, that 
Kynge Merwalde, and some of his successors, had a castle 
or palace on an hill syde by the towne of Leonminstre half a 



PART V 75 

mile of by est. The place is now cauUyd Comfort-castle, Hcreford- 
where now be some tokens of dyches where buildings hathe "^"^ 
bene. The people of Leonminstar thereabout cum ons a 
yere to this place to sport and play. 

There was a castle at Kyngsland a 2. miles west northe west 
from Leonminster, the diches whereof and a parte of the kepe fo. 79 b. 
be yet sene by the west parte of Kyngsland churche. 

Constaunt fame saythe that Kynge Merwald sometyme 
lay in this place. Syns of latar tymes it longyd to the erles 
of March, now to the kynge. 

From Leonminster to Eyton a mile of by west northe west. 

One William Hakcluit that was with Kynge Henry the 5. 
at the batell of Egen Courte set up a house at this village, 
and purchasyd lands to it. He had one St. George, a noble- 
man of Fraunce, to his prisoner. Hakcluit now lyvynge is 
the third in descent of the house of Eiton. The chefe and 
auncientest of the Hakcluiths hathe bene gentlemen in 
tymes out of memory, and they toke theyr name of the 
Forest of Cluid in Radnorland, and they had a castle and 
habitations not far from Radnor. There were 3. knyghts of 
the Hakcluiths about the tyme of Kynge Edward the 3. 
whereof one was namyd Edmund. It chauncid in Kynge 
Edward the 3. tyme that one of the Hakcluits toke parte 
withe Llewelin, Prince of Walys, agayn Kynge Edward the 3. 
Whereupon his lands were attayntyd and devolvid to the 
Kynge or to Mortimer lord of Radenor, and never were 
restoryd. 

There was at that tyme one of the Hakcluiths that fledd 
into the mountains of Walls, and livyd as a banishid man, fo. 8a 
but he aftar was pardonyd, and havynge a knyght that ten- 
deryd hym because he was his godsonne or kynesnmii, and 
had noe ysswe, he made hym his heire, and those lands yet 
remayn to the elder howse of the Hakcluiths. 

From Eyton I ryd a mile and halfe toward Ludelawe, and 
there I saw a mile of on the ryght hand the manor place of 
Cornwall that descendyth of a yongar howse of the Comwalls 
barons of Burford. 

I sawe also on the left bond, a mile of, Crofte, the manor 
of the Croftes, sett on the browe of a hill, somewhat rokky, 
dychid and waullyd castle like. 

Thence [I rode a] 4. miles by goodly come grownd, 



76 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hereford- partly enclosyd and havynge praty wood, to Richardes 
ehirc. castle. 

Richards Castell stondith on the tope of a very rokky hill, 
well woodyd, and at the west end of the paroche churche 
there. The kepe, the wauUs, and towres of yt yet stond but 
goynge to ruyn. [There is a poore house of tymbar in the 
castle garth foi a farmer. It longeth now to the king, it 
longed of late to the Lord Vaulx, then to Pope.J There is a 
parke empaled and well woodyd, but no dere m it. From 
Shropshire. Richards castle to Ludlow a 2. miles. 

The bridge apon Tende* at Ludlow devidithe withe the 
streame downe alonge Herfordshire from Shrobbesshire. 

The towne of Ludlow beinge in Shrobbesshire on the 
left ripe of Teme ryver is set apon an hill; so that a man 
cumming to it any waye conscend [ith] * It is well wauUyd, 
and by estimation it is about a mile in compas. 

There be in the wauUs 5. gates. BroderGate, and that 
fo. Sob. leadythe to Brod-Strete, the fayrest parte of the towne. 
Olde Gate is alsoe toward Temde, as Brod-Gate is, but not 
so nere. Galfride-Gate, Corve-Gate toward the left ripe of 
Corve river, Mil-Gate. The castle hemithe in one parte of 
the towne and stondithe on a stronge rokke well dichid be- 
twixte Corve-Gate and Mille-Gate. 

There is but one paroche churche in the towne, but that 
is very faire, and large, and richely adornyd, and taken for 
the fayrest in all those quartars. It stondithe even in the 
midle of the towne, and is in the highest ground of it. Thise 
churche hathe bene muche avauncyd by a brothar-hode 
therein foundyd in the name of St. John the Evangeliste. 
The originall thereof was (as the people say there) in the 
tyme of K. Edward the Confessor; and it is constantely 
afirmyd there that the pilgrimes, that browght the ringe 
from beyond the se as a token from St. John thevangelist to 
Kynge Edward, were inhabitaunts of Ludlow. 

This fratarnitie hathe a gardian chosen yerely amonge the 
burgesses, and to this college longe now a tenne pristes, 
partly found by endowment of lands, partly by gatheringe 

[♦ Supplied by L. T. S.] 
• Teme r. 



PART V ^^ 

the devotion of the people [thereabout]. These pristes have Shropshire, 
a fayr howse at the west end of the paroche churche yard; 
and by it is an hospitall or almeshouse of a 30. pore folks 
sometyme, and sometyme mo, mayntaynyd [partly] by the 
fratamitie, [and partly by mony given for obiits of men 
buried there in the church]. 

[•There was a very rich merchant in Ludlowe not long 
synce called Hosier, buried in the parish church, who 
founded a cantarie in a part of the aforesayd coUedge, en- 
dowing it with 10. or 12. 1. land by the yeare. This stipend 
is nowe geven to a schoole-maister.*] 

The towne-waule enclosethe the northe syde of the cemi- fo. 81. 
tery of the paroche churche. 

[I noted these graves of men of fame in the church of 
Ludlowe.] 

Burialls in the churche. 

Beaupie, somtyme coferar to Edward the 4. He gevethe 
a leg in his armes. 

Cokkis, a gentleman servitor to Prince Arture. 

Doctor Denton, Mastar of St. John's in Ludlow. 

. . . Sulyard, justiciarie in the Marchis [of Wales]. 

. . . Hosyar, the marchaunt. 

There be 2. castelets for conduit watar in the towne, 
servyd bothe from one springe [or head]. 

There were 2. fayre coleges of friers in Ludlow. 

The Whit-Fryers t was a fayre and costly thing, and stode 
without Come-Gate by northe, almoste in the ende of that 
suburbe. One [• • • ] Ludelaw a knight, lord of Stoke- 
castle or pile towards Bysshop's-castle, was originall fowndar 
there. 

Vernoun by an heire generall is now owner of Stoke, and 
of late was taken [as] foundar of this howse. 

The Augustin Friers stode without Galford-Gate. 

I saw suburbes without all the gates [of Ludlowe], sav- 
ynge that I was not at Mill-Gate. 

[* — * For this passage Stow has, " one Hosiar a marchant-man gave 
10 or 12 pound land a yere to this brotharhod, whiche was gyven toward 
a scole mastar.'*] 

[t Burton writes " White grey fryers." Stow crosses out Grty^ evi- 
dently following Leland*s correction.] 



78 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire. The subiirbe over Temde bridge by southe is caulljrd 
Ludeford, and in it is a litle paroche churche. 

There is on the northe syde of the bridge in ripa sinistra 
Temde,* a churche of St. John standinge without Brode- 
Gate, sometyme a coledge with a dene and fellows of one 
Jordann's foundation. There be 3. fayre arches in this 
bridge over Temde, and a praty chappie apon it of St. Cathe- 
rine. It is but about 100. yeres syns this stone bridge was 
erectyd. Men passyd afore by a forde a lytle benethe the 
bridge, 
fa 81 b» Ther is a faire stone-bridge ovar Temde at Lentwardine 
village, a 5. miles above Ludlow. [Brompton^ pyle or castle 
a 2. miles from Lantwarden, and] 5. miles above Lentwarden 
is Knighton, a praty towne on Temde. 

There is a stone bridge of 2. arches on Temde at Tern- 
byri a market towne in [Hereford-shire. Tho. Evan tould mee 
since that Tembury for a surety is in Worcester-shire, even 
in the uttermost part of it.]* It is a 4. miles lower then 
Ludelawe ripa dextra. 

The Baron of Burforde's chefe howse cauUyd Burford is a 
litle above Tembyri ripa sinistra in Shrobbshire. Lidwik" 
brooke comithe into Teme about Tembyri ripa sinistra. 

The river of Oney** risith toward the quartars of Bysshop's 
castle at Shelbe" a 15. miles from the place where it goithe 
into Temde' a litle bynethe Bromfelde. 

There was a priori or cell of monks at Bromefeld longinge 
to Glocestar abbay. There were somtyme prebendaries. 
Giffard gave it to Glocestar-[abbey]. 

This howse stode betwixt Oney and Temde. Temde 
renithe nerest to the howse selfe, that stondithe on the lefte 
ripe of it. Oney cummithe by the bake syde of the orchard 
by the howse, touchinge it with his right ripe, and a litle 
bynethe the howse the confluence is of Oney and Temde, 
and this is a 2. miles above Ludelawe. 

There is a praty stone-bridge over Oney a litle above 

[* For this passage in [ ] Stow has " the outermost port of Worcestar- 
shire,'* thus merely copying Leland's correction.] 



* Teme r. ^ Brampton Bryan. ^ Ledwiche Brocdc. 

d Onny r. • Shelve. ' Teme r. 



PART V 79 

Bromfild. There is also a bridge of stone over Oney watar Shropshire, 
at Whister* 2. miles above Bromefelde; and above this 
Mastar Vernoun hath a place not far from Oney.* 

[* The following from another part of Stow (Tanner, 464, vol. ii, 
fo. 2), inserted where a blank leaf occurs in Leland's original, vol. v, 
fo. 4, appears to be copied from a lost original of Leland's rough notes 
on the preceding places. 

" Luddeford suburbe and a paroche churche. Temde of 3 arches and 
a chapell of S. Catherin ; it standithe yet. Made within this C yeres, 
none ther afore but a ford a flite shot lower. S. John thevangelest 
brotherhed set up in S. Edward the Confessor's tyme by the meanes of 
2 pilgrimes of Ludlow that browght a ringe from S. John to Kynge 
Edward: A College of a X priestes to the brotherhede. An almose 
howse by the college longynge to the brotherhede havynge a 30 poore 
folke or some tyme more of the towne : partly hoipe by distribution of 
obits of men lyenge in the churche. Hosier an exceding riche mar- 
chaunt of Ludlow made a chauntery at Ludlow and lyethe ther buried. 
The chaunterye now is annexid of late to a schole mastar. Beaupie, 
coferer to Kynge Edward the 4, buried in the body of the churche, and 
one Cokks gentleman serviture to Prince Arthure. Doctor Denton 
Mastar of Johns, and Suiurd,^ buried in the presbyterie. 2 conduts 
castels to serve the towne bothe from one heaae. The castle the west 
parte, Mortimers and the Duks of Yorke lords of it. Lady Genevile 
Mortimers wyfe. The Whit friers by northe in Corvesgate suburbe. 
Ludlowes, lord of Stoke Castle or pile towards Bysshops castle. 
Founders a late Vernoun by mariage of one of the heirs generall of 
Ludlow. The Aug;ustines Friers without Galforde gate. Mylle-gate, 
Corv^te, Galfordegate, Old gate, and Brodegate, and within Brode- 
gate, Brode Streate. 

"Tenb3nri market Hpa dUxtra 4 miles by nethe Ludlow; Burford a 
litle above ripa sinistra, Lidwik Broke a bridee of 2 arches at Tem- 
byri. A bridge at Lentwardin media via to Knighton. . . . watar 
risynge at Chapell Ascs above Bromefeld in Shropshire. Bromfeld 2 
myles from Ludelaw, a bridge of stone a litle above so into Tend. 
Brompton pile or castle a 2. myles above Lentwardine. Cle hills 3 
miles est northe est from Ludlow. 

** To Prestein a V miles, to Knighton 20 miles, to Shrobesbyri 20 
miles, to Worcester 20 miles. To Treestop 20 myles. To Bridge water 
a 15 miles. [These distances seem to be mere jesses. Presteign is 
about 14 miles from Ludlow, Shrewsbury 29, Bridgewater should be 
Bridgenorth (see after, p. 80), which is 18 miles from Ludlow, Knighton 
is 15 as against 20 miles above, and 10 on p. 80. L. T. S.] 

**A stone bridge ovar Oney at Whitster aboute a 2 miles above 
Bromefelde. A motyd place by Bromefilde now long3mge to the Erie 
of Oxford. Bromfeld priory stoode bytwyxt Tende and Oney hard 
apon Teme ripa sinistra. The orchard of the howse lyethe on the 

• ? Wistanstow. *» PSluiurd; see p. 77. 



8o LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire. There is liklyhod that the castle of Bromfeld longyd to 
fo. 82. Giffard, and by force rased, stode where now is a farme 
house motyd belonginge to the Erie of Oxford. 

Cainham castle, of some callyd Caiholme, now downe, 
stode (3.) miles from Ludelaw. 

Cle hilles stond 3. miles est north este from Ludlow. 

From Ludlaw to Worcester 20. miles. 

From Ludlaw to Bridgenorthe 15. miles. 

From Ludlaw to Prestein a 5. miles. 

From Ludlaw to Knighton 10. miles. 

From Ludlaw to Bysshop's^astle 20. miles. 

[From Ludlaw to Shrewsbury 20. miles.] 

From Ludlaw to Gloucester by Bromard a 30. miles. 

Passynge out of Ludlaw by Corve-gate I cam strayte to 
Corve-bridge of 5. fay re arches of stone. This Corve ryver 
goithe from this bridge strayte downe by the castle of Ludlaw, 
and a litle benethe it goithe into Teamd [Temde] by the left 
ripe. Here I marked that Tend [Temd] cummythe by west 
northe west out of Wales; and Corve cometh through 
Corvedale in Shropshire by east north east. 

From Corve-bridge at Ludlawe I rod a 6. miles partly by 
meatly good come ground, partly by grownd myxt withe 
wood ontyll I cam to a poore village caullyd Streford,* wher 
was a litle broke that about halfe a myle lower rennithe into 
Oney river ripa sinistra, 

I lefte the Egge** and the Longe Forest, 2. great wodds 
havynge roes,* on the right hande comynge to Streton. 
Thens I rode a 3.t miles by well woddyd ground to Stre- 
fo. 82 b. ton, a prati uplandishe townelet, where by die churche one 
Brooke a lawyer hathe a praty howse, and here rennythe a 
broke, [the same (as one tould me) that goeth by Stretford.] 

This townelett is the chefist buildinge that is in Streton 
Dale; Streton Dale is inclosyd with grete hills, well woodyd 
in some places. It is in lengthe but a 3. miles, and in it be 

right ripe of Oney. A bridge of stone over Oney a litle above the 
orchards of Bromfeld. A bridge of tymbar at Bromefeld ovar Teme. 
Frithe wood within a mvle of Ludlowe."] 
[♦ Burton has " rods.^*] [t Burton has " a 43 miles."] 



Stretford Bridge. ^ Wenlock Edge. 



PART V 8 1 

3. Stretons, Litle Stretton, Great Streton and old Stretton.* Shropshire. 
This Stretton Dale longgith to th Erie of Arundle. 

From Streton to Libot** Woode a thoroughe faire 3. miles, 
by hilly and woody ground. 

Thens a mile or more of I left a parke of Mr. Corbet's 
hard on the left hand. Aftar I passyd a 4. mile by playne 
ground, beringe some come, and then a 2. miles by a bettar 
soyle for come to Shrobbesbyri.'' About halfe a myle or I 
cam to Schrobbsbery I passyd by a forde over Mele broke, 
and there was a longe narow bridge of tymber over Mele,** 
bering the name of the broke. And a myle above Mele 
bridge there is anothar tymbar bridge ovar Mele caullyd 
Dagge-bridge. Ther is a stone bridge of 3. arches over 
Mele as I enteryd into Shrobbesbyri hard by the abbay, and 
hard byneth this bridge is the confluence of Mele and 
Severn. 

And here by this bridge brekith out an arme of Severn, 
that at deade low waters in somer scant fletithe over the 
strond. There is a bridge of 8. low arches ovar this arme, 
and aftar that it passith thrwghe this bridge it strayte metythe 
agayne with the great streame. 

There be 2. great mayne bridges of stone on the hole 
river of Severne at Shrobbesbyri. The greatyste and fayrest fo. 83. 
and highest apon the streame is the Walche bridge havyng 
6. great arches of stone, so cawlyd bycause it is the way out 
of the towne into Wales. This bridge stondithe on the west 
syde of the towne, and hathe at the one ende of it a great 
gate to enter by into the towne, and at the othar end toward 
Wales a mighty stronge tower to prohibyt enemies to entre 
onto the bridge. 

The second bridge is lower on Severn at the . . . parte of 
the towne, and this hathe 4. great archis besyd the draw- 
bridge. 

The towne of Shrobbesbyri standithe on a rokky hill of 
stone of a sadde redd earth,* and Seveme so girdethe in all 

[♦ Stow has "girth" (misprinted "grith" hy Heame's editor), but 
Barton's " earth ** seems correct.] 



All are Stretton. ^ Leebotwood. 

Shrewsbury. ^ ? Meole r. 



I' 



r 

t 







82 LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Shropihire. the towne that savinge a litle pece by ... it wer an isle. 
It is comonly caullyd now in Walche Moythik. Writers in 
Walsche caul it Penguem, id est^ caput Alneti, 

Schrobbesbyri is the very Englyshe word truly writen, 
not muche dissonant from Penguem, and Salapia in Latin 
goith far from the Walche name. 

The towne is strongly waulyd and defendyd with watar, 
the whiche is to be countyd in a maner for the towne diche. 
There be in the towne 3 gates. 
1 The castle hathe bene a stronge thinge, it is now muche 

I in mine. It stondithe in the n[o]rth parte of the towne. The 

f towne is more then a mile in compasse within the wauUe. 

i There be 4. parish churches within the towne. The 

,. ! fo. 83b. principall is St Ceddes [Chadde]. Ther is a deane and 

\\ \ 10. prebendaries in a colegiate churche of the patronage of 

f ^^ the Byshope of Lichefild. 

1 1 \ There is an hospitale by St. Ceddes, the society of the 

\ Y mercers [of Shrewsbury] mayntayne it. 

\ [The second] is St. Marie's, a colegiate churche with a 

A dene and 9. pore prebendaries. The kinge is patron of it 

) '* One Degorie Walter a marchant [of Shrewsbury] made an 

\ \ hospitall in haminum memoria at the west [end] of St. 

* I Marye's churche. 

u The paroche churche of St. Alchmunde was impropriate to 

LilleshuU priorie. 
j The paroche church of St. Julian hard by St. Alchmunds 

impropriate to Batelfeld chaple, a mile out of Shrobbesbyii 
[north.] 

The Grey Freres in Shrobesbury of the Charlton's founda- 
tion, and there laye the Lady Charleton, [whome they tooke 
as their foundresse. And] this howse stode apon Seveme 
banke a litle above the bridge of 5. arches. [One D. Francis 
a frere of late dayes reedified almost a great part of this 
fryers house.] 

The [house of the] Blacke Friers was of the Lady Gene- 
viirs foundation, and this stode a litle without the waulle 
apon Severn syd, at the end of Marwaulle Strete. Many 
gentlemen kyllyd at Batelfild were buried in this churche of 
Blacke Fryers. 

The Augustin Friers were of the foundation of the Staf- 
fords. It stode a litle bynethe the Walche bridge. 



PART V 83 

Owen Glendowre promisyd Percy to have joynyd with Shropshire 
hym at Battaylfilde. 

Batelfild chapell is a mile out of Shrobbesbyri by [north.] 
Kynge Henry the 4. [foundyd this litle colledge, and en- 
dowed] it. [A gentleman called . . . who was owner of the 
ground whereon it was builded had the patronage thereof 
geven to him and his heires.j 

There is a fayre stone bridge on Severne a 4. miles above fo. 84. 
Shrobbesbery caullyd Monford bridge, a late renewyd. 
[Shrawarden castle is in ripa laeva of Severne 2. miles above 
Mountford bridge, and a mile above this castle is Butting- 
ton* bridge over Severne. There is also a bridge over 
Severne about Welsh-Poole.] 

There is a fayre stone longe bridge on Sevame to passe 
ovar toward Roxcestar at Acham village. 

Roxcester* is a mile and halfe lower on Severn than 
Acham ** ripa sinistra. 

The destruxtion of Roxcester be all lykelihod was the 
cawse of the erection of Shrobbesbyri. For Roxcester was a 
goodly waullyd towne ontyll it was destroied by the Danes. 

The ryver of Teme cummithe into Severne, almoste in 
the mydle waye betwixt Acham and Roxcester. 

The Wreken hill, of som caullyd Mount Gilbert. The 
roots of this hille standinge by the lefte rype of Severn be 
not past a mile from Roxcester. This Wreken hille is the 
highest ground of all the contrye thereabout, and standithe 
as a Pharos, baren of wood. There is in the toppe of this 
hille a delicate playne ground bennge good fine gresse, and 
in this playne is a fayre fountayne. 

There is of late a new bridge made over Terne by Ser 
Rowland Hill a marchaunt of London, [a little above the 
confluence of Teme and Severne.] 

Crowlington bridge of stone and tymbar a 5. miles or 
more above Teme. 

Stoke bridge of tymbar a 3. miles highar, and Stoke*' a 

[* Leland is in enor here. Buttington bridge is 16 miles higher on 
Severn than Shrawardine Castle, and about 2 miles from Welshpool. 
He cannot have gone there.] 



* Wroxeter. ^ Atcham. « Stoke-upon-Tem, 



84 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire, praty tounlet ripa sinistra^ and Hudelet* a townelet [. . . 
Stoke] about a mile dextra ripa Term, 

At Drayton a market towne a 2. miles hier is a small 
bridge, 
fo. 84 b. There is a stone bridge over Severn at Buldewas,* where 
the abbey of Whit Monkes was ripa dextra. Els there is 
none betwixt Acham and Brigenorth. 

[Tho. Cleobury, sometimes Abbot of Doure, tould me 
that there was one of the antient bishops of Lichfeild, that 
was in Offa King of Merches tyme, that lived an hermites 
life at Buldewas, after such tyme as the pall of the Arch- 
bishop of Lichfeild was taken from Lichfeild and restored 
againe to Canterbury.] 

From Schrobbesbyri to Chestar a 30. miles. 

From Schrobbesbyri to Oswestrye a 12. miles. 

From Schrobbesbyri to Roxcester a 4. miles, comonly 
cawlyd 3 miles. 

From Schrobbesbyri to Wenloke 8. miles. 

From Schrobbesbyri to Whitchurche a 15. miles. 

From Schrobbesbyri to Mountgomery a 16. miles. 

From Schrobbesbyri to Bridgenorth a 16. miles. 

From Shrobbesbury to Counde a pore village a 4. miles • 
by metely good ground, come and grasse, but noe greate 
wood in sight. There cummithe downe from southe a praty 
broke caullyd Rhe,^ passinge thrughe the smaull villag, and 
a litle lower goithe into Severne. There is a narow bridge 
of tymbre at Cound over Rhe brooke. From Cound to 
Harley village a 2. miles. 

Thens to Wenneloke a market towne, environid with 
hills, in Shrobbeshire, where was an abbay, a 2. miles by 
roughe ground, passynge ovar an highe rocky hill caulyd 
Wenlok Egge. 

There comithe by west from the hills by Wenlok a litle 
broket, and passythe thrughe the midle of the towne. I have 
hard this watar caullyd Rhe. It goithe into Severne, that is 
about a 2. miles ripa dextra from Severn. 

[• Burton has " 14. miles."] 



» Hodnet. *> Buildwas. « Now Cound r. 



PART V 85 

From Wenloke to Morfeld * a village a 6. miles by sume fo. 85. 
come, pasture and wood ground. I saw a litle priory or cell Shropshire. 
cauUyd Morfilde on the right hand as I enteryd into this 
village. 

From Morefeld to Bridgenorthe two miles. The towne of 
Bridgenorthe stondithe apon an eminent ground on the right 
ripe of Seveme, ut aqua defluit. It hathe bene strongly 
waullyd, but the waulls of it be now all in mine. There be 
4. gates in the waulls. 

There is a dyke for the waulls, savynge where Seveme is 
nighe, for there nature hathe made a terrible dyke, Seveme 
runninge in a depe valley betwixt 2. stepe hills. 

The name of Bridgenorthe is but of late tymes usurpyd. 
It is cauUyd in all auncient records Bridge. Some thinke 
that this terme shuld cum up of a forest cauUyd Morthe • 
thereby, right agaynst the towne trans Sabrinam. The towne 
selfe is scant a mile in compace. 

The castle stondithe on the southe parte of the towne, 
and is fortyfied by est withe the profound valley instede of 
a diche. The walls of it be of a great hight. There were 2. 
or 3. stronge wards in the castle, that now go totally to 
mine. I count the castle to be in compas more then the 
third parte of the towne. 

There is one [mighty] gate by northe in it, now stoppyd fo. 85 b. 
up, and a litle posteme made of force therby thrwghe the 
waull to enter into the castle. The castle grownd, and 
especially the base courte, hathe now many dwelling howsys 
of tymbar [newly] erectyd in it. 

There is but one paroche churche in the towne, and that 
is faire and dedicate to St. Leonard. 

There is one very fayre strete in the towne goinge from 
northe to southe, and of eche syde of this strete the bowses 
be galeried; so that men may passe dry by them yf it rayne, 
accordinge to some strets in Chestar citie. 

The towne stondithe by clothinge, and that now decayed 
there, the towne sorely decayethe therwith. 

[* Stow has " Morthe " in the text, ** Morfe " in the margin. Burton 
also writes ** Morfe." See p. 86.] 



• Morville. 



86 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire. Ther is a colegiate churche of St. Mary Magdalen of a 
dene and 6. prebendaries within the castle. The churche it 
selfe is now a rude thing. It was first made by Robertus de 
Belesmo for a chapell only for the castle, and endowid it 
with lands; and afore that this chapell was establishid in the 
castle ther was a like foundation made at Quatforde of a 
chaple of St Marie Magdalene by Robertus de Belesmo 
Erie of Schrobbesbyri at the desyre of his wyfe, that made a 
vowe thereof in a tempest on the se. 

This Quateford is by northe est from Bridgenorthe on 
fo. 86. Severn, whereas yet appere great tokens of a pile or mannor 
place longing that time to Robertus de Belesmo. 

There be in the bridge at Bridgenorthe stondynge est in 
respecte of the towne 8. greate arches, and a chaple of St 
Sythe apon it. 

There is a praty longe strete of meane buildynge trans 
pontem, and this is caullyd the Low Towne. In it is a chapell 
of St. John. 

Strayte apon this Low Towne, and este apon Bridgnorth, 
is a grounde hilly and welle woddyd, called Morfe. It was a 
forest or chace havynge deere; but now it hathe none. 

In this forest or wood (as some constantly affirme) Kynge 
Ethelstane's brother ledde in a rokke for a tyme an here- 
mite's lyfe. The place is yet sene and is caullyd the Here- 
mitage. 

The glory of the wauUs of Bridgnorthe and the strenght 

of the castle there have decayed syns suche tyme as one of 

the Mortymers in a rebellion kept it by force. 

Worcester- From Bridgnorthe to Kydermister meste by enclosyd 

shire. grownde, somewhat hilly and daely, levynge Seveme on the 

right hand, I roode a 12. miles. Some wylde ground by 

the way, and in some places good corne and gresse, and 

toward eche rype of Seveme, aftar I passyd the midle way, 

great plenty of wood, whereof muche cummithe downe by 

Severne to serve the partes aboute Glocestar. Enteringe 

into the towne of Ketermister, a market towne in the counte 

fo. 86 b. of Worcester, I passyd over by a fauburge, and so ovar a 

bridge of 2. or 3. arches upon Stowre* ryvar. The hede of 

this river is about the pools of the late priorie of Hale Owen 

a 6. miles of. 

* Stour r. 



PART V 87 

The fayre and chefe parte of Kiddermistar is on the lefte Worccttcr- 
rype of Stowre stondinge on a hilly pece of ground. There sbirc 
is a praty crosse environyd with 6. pillers about, and arches 
of stone withe the 7th piller in the midle to beare up the 
fornix; it is in the market place. 

The churche is very faire, [and* one . . . Conye a knight Burton (a), 
and richly buried there in the quire.] This towne stondithe ?• m« 
moste by clothinge. In sum auncient tymes past this towne 
longyd to the Bisetts, auncient gentlemen. Aftar it cam to 
3. heires generall of the Bissetts, whereof one beinge as it is 
sayd a lazar buildid an hospitall at Mayden Bradeley in 
Wiltshire, syns translatyd to a priory of chanons. She gave 
her parte there in pios usus^ and the parsonage of Kyder- 
mister was impropriat to Mayden Bradeley. The othar 2. 
parts came to the Lord Bergeveney, and in that familie it 
yet remayneth. 

Stoure ryver about a 4. miles bynethe Kidermester goith 
into Severn ripa sinistra at a place cawlyd Rokstane.* This 
place as the watar turnithe is a 3. miles bynethe Beudeley. 

From Kyderminster to Bewdley a 2. miles by a faire 
down, but somwhat baren, as the vayn is therabouts on 
every syd of Bewdley for a litle compace. 

I enteryd into Bewdley, in Schropshire,t [as some saye,] 
by a fi;oodly fayr bridge ovar Severn of . . . greate arches of fo. 87. 
stone, being even then in new reparation. This bridge is 
only on Severn bytwixt Bewdeley and Worcester bridge. To 
this bridge resorte many flat and longe vessels to cary downe 
and up all maner of marchandise to Bewdlay and above 
Beudeley. The est parte of the bridge at Beudlay and the 
left rype of Seveme be in Wurstershire ; but [many saye 
and hould, that] the west end of the bridge and the right 
ripe of Seveme withe the towne of Bewdley be in Shrobb- 
shire, and Wyre forest in Shrobbsher ioynethe to the parke 
of Tetenhale.** 

The towne [selfe] of Bewdeley is set on the syd of an hill, 
soe coningly that a man cannot wishe to set a towne bettar. 

f* Stow leaves a blank here; the sentence is imperfect, so he left it] 
t Bewdley is now in Worcestershire.] 



Now Stourport. *> Ticknell. 



I 

r 

t 88 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

♦ Worcester- It risethe from Seveme banke by est upon the hill by west; 

> thire. so that a man standinge on the hill trans pontem by est may 

descrive almost every howse in the towne, and at the rysynge 
of the sunne from este the hole towne gliterithe, being all of 
new buyldinge, as it wer of gold. 

There be but 3. stretes memorable in the towne. One 
from north to southe, all alonge Severne banke. The second 
is the market place, a faire large thing and well buyldyd. 
The third rennithe in lengthe from north to south on the hill 
syd, as the first dothe in the valley by Severn. 

In the towne is but a chappell of ease, and that is of 

jl tymber in the harte of the towne. 

^ To. 87 b. The paroshe churche stondithe a mile lower at Ripley in 

^ dextra Hpa Sabrtnae^ as Bewdeley doeth. [Mr. Acton hath 

a goodly mannour place at Ripley, ut aqua defluit ripa 
dextra^ By the distance of the paroche churche I gathar 
that Bewdley is but a very new towne, and that of old tyme 
there was but some pore hamelet, and that apon the build- 
inge of a bridge there apon Severn, and resorte of people 
onto it, and comoditye of the pleasaunt site, men b^an to 
inhabite there, and becawse that the plot of it semid faire 
to the lokers it toke a Frenche name Beudeley quasi bellus 

i* locus. [I asked a merchant there of the antientnesse of the 

f towne, and he answered me that it was but but a new towne, 

adding that they had libertys granted by K. Edward.] * 
y There is a faire maner place by west of the towne stand- 

I inge in a goodly parke well wooddyd, on the very knappe of 

/ an hill that the towne stondithe in. This place is cauUyd 

» Tikenhall.* Whithar there were any auncient hous there in 

^''- tymes paste or no I am not asurid ; but this that now is there 

; semithe but new, and, as I hard, was in a maner totally 

L erectyd by Kynge Henry the 7. for Prince Arthure. It was 

t repayryd for the Lady Mary. [Since I heard that Rich. E. 

of Marche and D. of Yorke builded there. It was Mortimer's 

E. of Marches land.] t 

[* For the passage between [ ] Stow has "Their liberties wer 
grantyd by Kynge Edward.'*] 

[t Omitted by Stow ; probably a note added in the margin in Leland's 
original.] 

• Ticknell. 



PART V 89 

There was privylege of sanctuarie gyven to this towne Worcester- 
that now is revokyd and abrogatyd. shire. 

From Bewdley to Mitton village about a 4. miles by 
woody ground, and some come in enclosures. Here dothe 
Stoure ryver breke into 2. or 3. armelets, and servythe milles, 
and a litle benethe Miton the hole streame of Stowre goithe 
into Severne at a place caulyd Rokstane. 

Passynge a 2. miles beyond Mitton by enclosyd ground, fo. 88. 
wooddy and sandy, but somewhat bareyn of come, I left the 
castle of Herthilbyri about halfe a mile of on the lefte hand. 
This castle longithe to the Byshope of Worcester, and is well 
buildyd by the acts of dyverse byshoppes. Ther be faire 
pondes; there is a park with deere, and a waren for conyes; 
but the soile about this castle is baren. 

From this place I rode a 5. miles by enclosyd ground, 
havinge meatly good grasse and com, and plenty ot wood, 
tylle I cam to a stone bridge, under the whiche rennith a 
brooke cumminge from the Wiche • where the salt is made, 
and so a litle lower to a village caullyd Salope,^ whereof at 
the bridge the brooke is caullyd Salope brooke, and thens 
goithe downe to Ombreley'^ a goodly lordshippe of a 180.I. 
by the yere, lately longinge to the abbay of Evesham, and 
thens sone in to Seveme ripa sinistra* 

From Salope brooke to Worcester a 3. miles by enclosyd 
grownd and fmtefull. So that I reken Worcester to be a 14. 
miles from Beudeley, thowghe it be communely countyd of 
sum to be but 12. miles. 

The towne of Worcester, caullyd in Welsh Cair Angon, 
stondithe on the lyfte rype of Seveme apon a grownd some- 
what condescending • from the ryver. It is reasonably well 
waulyd and the waule is maynteynid. In the walle be [6.] 
gates: the Bridge-gate on Seveme, having a goodly square 
towre over it; a postem-gate by St. Clements chirche hard 
by the northe syd of the bridge ovar Seveme; the fore gate 
a faire peace of worke standyng by northe; Sudbyry-gate 
standynge este in the way from Worcestar to London; St. 
Martin's-gate; Trinitie-gate, this is but a posterne. 

[♦ Burton. Stow has "consentynge."] 
» Droitwich. * Salwarpe. « Omhersley. 



90 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

fo. 88 b. The castle stode hard on the southe parte of the cathe- 
Worcester- drall churche allmoste on Seveme. It is now dene downe, 
shire. and halfe the base courte or area of it is now within the 

wauUe of the close of the cathedrall chtirche of Worcestar. 

The dungeon hill of the castle is a greate thinge, ovar- 
growne at this tyme with bnishe wood. 

This castle fell to mine sonne aftar the Conquest, and 
halfe the ground of it was gyven onto the augmentynge of 
the close of the priorie. 

There be dyvers fayre strets in the towne well buyldjrd 
with tymbar; but the fairest and moste celebrate strete of the 
towne is from the Bysshopp's palace-gate to Fore-gate alonge 
by northe. There be 2. places in Worcestar where the 
markets be comonly [kept]. The one is a litle within St. 
Martyn's-gate, the othar is a litle within For[e]-gate. 

The cathedrall churche standethe in the southe syde of 
the towne. There be 8. paroche churches in the towne, 
whereof St. Helenes is countyd the moast aundent, and it 
was a prebend afore Kynge Edgar's dayes to the cathedrall 
churche of Worcestar, and Bloxham in Worcestar-shire was 
another as I have hard. 

I have hard that all the churches in Wurster, afore the 
Kynge Edgare set monks in the cathedrall churche, were but 
chapells to the cathedrall churche. 
fo. 89. The Blake Freres howse of the foundation of the Bew- 
champs of Powike stode in the northe parte of Worcester 
hard by the waull, just within it, and this grownd is the 
highest plate of the towne, and hathe a faire prospect 
from it. 

There is a fayre suburbe beyond the bridge on Severn, 
and the inhabytauntes thereof muche resort to St. Clements 
churche cis porUetn, 

The bridge is a royal peace of worke, highe and stronge, 
and hathe 6. greate arches of stone. There is a longe and 
fayre suburbe by north without the Fore-gate, and at the 
north-este parte and very end of it is an auncient and fayre 
large chaple of St. Oswald. This chappell as I lemyd was 
first erectyd for monks then infectyd, or that aftar shuld 
chaunce to be infectyd with leopry [leprosie]. Aftar it was 
chaungyd to an hospitall, and there was a mastar, and 
fellows and poore folkes, but of latar tymes it was tumyd to 



PART V 91 

a fre chapell, and berithe the name of Oswald, as a thing Worcester- 
dedicate of old tym to hym ; and here were wont corces to shire, 
be buried in tyme of pestilence, as in a publike cemiterie for 
Worcestar. 

This chapell of Seynt Oswald yet stondithe, and a fayre 
mantion howse by it, muche repayryd of late tyme by one 
Parker, cancellar to the Bysshope of Worcestar; but the 
lands be alienatyd and taken away. 

There was a place of nunes at the very northe syde of the fo. 89 b. 
cemiteri of St. Oswald. It was caulyd Whitestan, now sup- 
pressyd, the churche clene rasyd downe, and a ferme place 
made of the resydewe of the buildings. 

There is a faire suburbe without Sudbyry gate, and in it 
was an hospitall caullyd St. Wolstanes, sum cauUyd it the 
Commend^, where was a Mastar, priestes, and poore men. 
Some say that it was originally of the foundation of a quene. 
One Carter a marchaunt of Worcester, gave of later tymes 
lands to it, and thereby renewyd the old foundation, and of 
this almose were dyvers marchant men of Worcester fawlyn 
in decaye and age relevyd. Morisine • hathe suppressyd this 
house, and now a clothiar dwellythe in it. Ther is in t^is 
suburbe a chaple of St. Godwalde. What [this St.] Godwald 
was I enquired, but nothinge could I leame. [Some sayd he 
was a bishop.] 

There is a suburbe without [St.] Martyn's gate, and here- 
about in a lowe morishe ground was a hows of Gray Friers 
of the foundation of the erles of Warwike. 

There is a chaple of St. Ursula a litle by southe without 
the castle garthe of Wurcester. 

The welthe of [the towne of] Worcestar standithe most by 
draping, and noe towne of England, at this present tyme, fo. 90. 
maketh so many cloathes yearly, as this towne doth. 

I markyd at Worcestar, that the highe crests of Malveme 
hills be to the syght nere to Wurcestar towne; but it is a 6. 
miles to great Malvern priorie that is in the roots of the 
hills, from Worcestar. 

Malveme hills ly a greate way in lengthe from southe to 

[* Richard Morison, gentleman of the privy chamber, was made 
Master, and surrendered the hospital or preceptory in 1540; it became 
part of the endowment of Christchurch, Oxford, in 1545. See " Victoria 
County History," Worcester, vol. ii, p. 176.] 



92 LELANP'S ITINERARY 

Worcester- iiorthe, and the north-est of them be highest. One Gilbert 
Bhire. ^e Clare Erie of Glocestar, and Joanne of Acres, Kynge 

Edward the first dowghtar his wife, caused a fosse to be 
made in the crestes of Malvern hills in the prejudice of the 
limits and liberties of the bysshopes of Hereforde and Wur- 
cestar. 

Temde river cometh into Seveme ripa dexira at Powik 
milles a mile bynethe Worcester. 

From Worcester to Hereford a 20. miles. 

From Worcester to Ludlow a 20. miles. 

From Worcester to Bewdley 12. long miles. 

From Worcester to Glocestar 19. miles, — 12 to Tewkes- 
byri and 7 to Glocestar. 

From Worcester to Eovesham 10. miles. 

From Worcester to Pershore . . . 

From Worcester to Bremesgrave a 12. miles. 

From Worcester to Alcester 12. miles. 

From Worcester to Winchelescombe 18. miles. 

From Worcester to Bridgenorthe 24. miles, — 12 to 
Kiddermister and 1 2 to Bridgnorth, 
fo. 90 b. From Worcester I rode to the Wiche by inclosyd ground, 
havynge metely good corne, sufficient wood, and good 
pasture, about a 6. miles of. 

The Wiche* standyth somewhat in a valley or low grownde 
betwixt 2. smauU hills on the lefte ripe of a praty ryver that 
not far benethe the Wiche is cawllyd Salop*' broke. 

The beauty of the towne in a maner standithe in one 
strete. Yet be there many lanes in the towne besyde. 
There is a meane churche in the chefe strete, and in the 
towne is once a weke a metely celebrate market. The 
towne of itselfe is somewhat foule and dirty when any reyne 
faullythe, with moche cariage thrwghe the stretes, [being] 
over ill pavyd or not pavyd. 

The great avauncement of the towne is by makynge of 
salt; and yet thoughe the commoditie thereof be syngular 
great, yet the burgesses be poore for the moste parte; by- 
cawse gentlemen [have]* for the moast parte the great gayne 

[• Stow, "hathe."] 



• Droitwich. ^ Salwarpe r. 



PART V 93 

of it, and the burgesses have all the labowre. I saw on a Worccster- 
hillyt hard by the towne of the Wich, a litle or I enterid into •hire, 
it, a paroche churche. I saw also anothar churche on a 
hillet a litle beyond the towne in dextra ripafluviiy beyond 
the wod bridge, and a litle above the principall salt 
springe. 

There be at this present tyme 3. salt springs in the towne fo. 91. 
of Wiche, whereof the principall is within a but shot of the 
right ripe of the river that there cummithe downe; and this 
springe is double as profitable in yeldynge of salte liquer as 
bothe the other. Some say that this salt springe dyd fayle 
in the tyme of Richard de la Wiche Byschope of Chiches- 
ter,* and that aftar by his intercessyon it was restorid to the 
profit of the old course. [Such is the superstition of the 
people. In token whereof, or for the honour that the Wiche- 
men and saulters bare unto this Richard their cuntre-man, 
they used of late tymes on his daye to hang about this sault 
spring or well once a yeere with tapestry, and to have drink- 
ing games and revels at it] There be a great number of 
salt coots or fornaces about this well, wherein the salt watar 
is decocte and brought to the perfection of pure whit salt. 

The othar 2. salt springs be on the lefte ripe of the river, 
lowar a praty way then the othar great springe and at the very 
townes end; and at thes springs be also divers fornaces to 
make salt; but the profit and plenty of these 2. springs be 
nothinge comparable to the great springe. 

I askyd a saltar how many fomacis they had at all the 3. 
springes, and he numbryd them to an 18. score, that is 360, 
sainge that every one of them payd yerly 6j. M, to the 
Kynge. 

The trewthe is that of old they had liberties gyven them 
for 300 fumacis, or mo; and therapon they give a fee ferme 
[or vectigal] of loo.l. yerely. The vectigal is as it was; but fo. 91 b. 
the numbar of fornacis is now encreasyd to a 400. 

[There was of late search made for another sault springe Burton (a), 
at the Wiche, by the meanes of one Mr. Newport, a gentle- p« ii4- 
man dwellinge in the Wyche; and the place where it was 
appeared, and the wood and tymber that had beene sett 

[• Rich, de le Wich dyed 2 Apr. 1253. 37. H. 3.— Burix)n's wor- 
ginalmUtS^ 



94 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Worcester- about it for houldinge up the earth for falling in it. But 
shire. this pitte was not occupied synce, whether it were for lacke 

of plentye of the sault springe, or for lettinge the profitt of 
the other three.] 

Men thinke that yf wood and sale of salt would serve 
they might dygge and finde mo salt springs about the Wiche. 
I hard that of late yeres a salte springe was found in 
anothar quartar of Worcestar-shire; but the Wichemen have 
suche prevelege that they alone in thos quartars shall make 
sault. 

The Wychmen use the comodite of theyr salt springs in 
drawynge and decoctynge the watar of them only by 6. 
monthes in the yere, that is from Midsomer to Christemes; 
as I gesse, to mayntayne the price of theyr salte, or for 
savynge of wod, the whiche I thinke to be theyr principall 
reason* For makynge of salt is a great and notable distruc- 
tion [of wood,] and hathe be, and shall be hereaftar, except 
men use muche coppisis of yong wood. 

The lake of wood is now perceyvyd in places nere the 
Wiche. For whereas in placis nere abowt they usyd to by 
and take theyr wood, the wontyd placis [are] now sore 
decayed in wood. They be forcyd to seke wood as far as 
Worcester towne, and all the parties about Bremisgrove, 
Alchirch and Alcester. 

I askyd a saltar how muche wood he supposyd yerely to 
fo. 92. be spent at the furnacis, and he answeryd that by estima- 
tion ther was spent a 6000. loads by yere. And it is yonge 
pole wood for the moste parte, easy to be devidid in pecis.* 

The people that be about the fomacis be very ille colorid. 
The just rate of every fomace is to make 4. loods of salt 
yerely; and to everi lode goithe . . . quarters. If the fur- 
nace-men make more in one fornace then foure loods it is, 
[as it is] sayd, their owne avayle. 

Goinge out of the townef s end] I sawe a faire new howse of 
tymbar, longinge to one Mr. Newporte, on the right bond. 
And on the left bond I saw a bridge of 4. archis of stone 
ovar the broke that rennithe by the Wiche, and at the hither 
end of this bridge was a fayre new chaple of tymbar. 

I rod frome the Wyche to Bremisgreve a 4. miles by en- 

[♦ Burton has "cloven."] 



PART V 95 

closyd ground, havynge some good corne, meatly woodyd, Worcester- 
and well pasturyd; and in this waye I passyd [over] 2. or 3. Mre, 
tymes ovar the watar that comithe on* the Wyche: and, as 
far as I could gather, [either Bromesgrove water] goith 
a lytle benethe Bremisgreve into the Wiche watar, or els it 
is the very same broke that goithe to the Wyche. [so it is.]* 

The towne of Bremisgreve is all in a maner in one very 
longe strete, stondynge on a playne grownd. Ther is once fo. 92 b. 
a weke a metely good market. The towne standythe some- 
what by clothinge. The harte of the towne is metly well 
pavyd. 

I came by a parke about a myle or I came to Bremisgrave 
on the lefte hand. It is cauUyd Grafton. It longyd afore 
Bosworth Feld to the Staffbrds, noble knightes. Sence by 
atteindure it cam to the kynge, and was [geven by K. H. 7.] 
to Sr. Gilbert Talbot, and in that name it yet remaynethe. 
In this parke is a fayre mannar place, and one Talbote at 
this present tyme dwellythe in it. 

[Looke] as I came into Bremisgreve ovar a broke that 
passyd downe on the right hand; so as I went almoste out 
of the end of the towne, I passid againe over the same 
broke, whereas the streme went downe on the lefte hand, 
and then I rydd halfe a myle farthar, [and there] I saw 
agayne that broke and anothar rille ioyninge with it, and so 
passynge over it I lefte the broke totally on the lefte bond, 
and so went by hills, valleys and woods a 3. or 4. miles to 
Alchirch,*" a praty uplandyshe towne whereof the Bysshope 
of Worcester is lorde. 

Alchurche is a praty thrwgh-fayre, and in the botom of it 
is a brooke, on the right ripe whereof the towne standythe; 
the heade whereof cummithe a few miles off by west, and so 
passinge by Alchurche it resortythe sone aftar into Arrow, 
and so goith thens in Arow downe to Couhton where 
Sr. George Throgmerton dwellithe. 

The Byshope of Worcester hathe a fayre manar place a 
litle by northe-est without the towne, stonding on an hille fo. 93. 
trans fluviolutn ripa laeva. This place is made all of tymbar, 

[* Burton has " bridges " for tymes and " from " for ^n.] 



* I,i. the Salwarpe. ^ Alvechurch. 



96 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Worcester and semithe to be no peace of old worke. It was of late 

shire. tyme in decaye, and then bysshope Latimer repaired it. 

Ther is a parke, and all the contry about Alchurche is well 

woodyd. The soyle about it is very fowle aftar wett wethar. 

Ridynge about halfe a myle from Alchurche toward 
Northton I passyd o\%r from Arow river that comithe out 
of the Blake hills about a 4. miles of by north-weste. 
Warwick- Northeton* is a praty uplandyshe towne in Warwike- 
shire. shire,* and there be some faire howsys in it of staplears, 
that use to by woUe. There is a faire churche and a goodly 
piramis of stone over the bell frame. There rennithe a litle 
brooke at the est f end of the towne. 

Good plenty of wood and pasture and meatly good corne 
betwixt Alchirch, and Northton. And lykewyse betwixt 
Northton and Bremischam that be distaunt from (each)t 
othar 5. miles. 

I cam thoroughe a praty strete or evar I enteryd into 
Bremischam toune. This strete, as I remember, is caullyd 
Dyrtey, in it dwelle smithes and cuttelers, and there is a 
brooke * that devydithe this strete from Bremisham. Dyrtey* 
is but an hamlet or membre longynge to . . . paroche 
therby and is clene seperated from Bremischam paroche. 

There is at the end of Dyrtey a propre chaple and man- 
sion howse of tymbar,** hard on the rype as the brooke 
cummithe downe, and as I went thrwghe the forde by the 
fo. 93 b. bridge, the watar ran downe on the ryght bond, and a fewe 
miles lowere goithe into Tame rypa dextra. 

This broke riseihe, as some say, a 4. or 5. miles above 
Bremicham toward the Blake hills *" in Worcestershire. This 
broke above Dyrtey brekethe into 2. armes that a litle 
benethe the bridge close agayne. 

The bewty of Bremischam, a good market towne in the 
extreme partes that way of Warwike-shire, is in one strete 
goynge up alonge almoste from the lefte ripe of the broke 

[* Burton has "Worcestershire," which is correct.] 
[t Burton (b) has " west," (a) has "east."] 
[% Supplied by L. T. S.] 



■ Kings's Norton. *> Rea r. « Deritend. 

* "Ord Crown" House, still existing, 1907. « Clent Hills. 



PART V 97 

up a mene hille by the lengthe of a quartar of a mile. I saw Warwick- 
but one paroche churche in the towne. There be many shire, 
smithes in the towne that use to make knives and all maner 
of cuttynge tooles, and many lorimars that make byts, and 
a greate many naylors. So that a great parte of the towne is 
mayntayned by smithes. 

The smithes there have yren out of Staffordshire and 
Warwikeshire and see coale out of Staffordshire. 

A mile beyond Bremischam I passyd over Sharford-bridge 
of 4. arches of stone. Tame river goythe under this bridge, 
and the castle of Dudley is on this ryver a 6. miles above 
Sharford-bridge. Ther be faire medows about Sharford- 
bridge [on Tame.] 

From Sharforde to Southeton [alias Sutton,] a 4. miles 
by sandy grownde, betar woodyd then fertile of whete. For 
the common come there is some rye, barley, and ots. 
There be foure lodges in Southton Chace, Colfeld, Bere 
wood, Linderige ' Hille- wood. The soyle is sandy and dry, 
and good for conyes. 

The towne of Southeton apon Colefeeld ^ stondinge in fo. 94. 
Colefeld hethe was [belonging to the Spensers before it 
came to the Beauchampes. This towne was] in estimation 
in the Erie of Warwyks tyme, and had a market privel^yd, 
[as the inhabitantes there saye.] The erles of Warwike had 
a meane manar place there, a parke and chace. Some say 
Richard Beauchampe Erie of Warwike in Henri the 5 dayes 
made 5* goodly pooles there withe great [and] costly 
heddes of stone; the Mille Poole, Crosse Poole, Wyndle 
Poole, Kepers Poole, Bracebridge Poole, all 5 in the parke. 
One of them is yet there seene, but agayne the west end of 
the paroche church of Southtown. The heade of this pole 
servithe for a way into the towne; it is a stronge waule of 
stone, and there is an arche in it thrwghe the whiche a 
broket coming out of the poole rennithe, and dryvethe a 
mill, and thens resortith into . . . 

[* Burton has '* 3. or 4."; but after "stone** has " five pooles were 
there, viz.**] 



Lindridge. ^ Sutton Coldfield. 



98 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick- The othar pooles be now made dry grownd by policye, 
shire. and where they were is now good medow ground. There 
was a lodge or meane manar place at Southton on an hille 
by west [from] the paroche churche in Erie Richarde's 
tyme: there was a [free] chaple of St. Blase • [of 5. markes 
a yeare] in the manor place. Nevyll Erie of Warwike made 
[as some say] a praty hawle of tymber there. 

Aftar that the erledome of Warwyke was attayntyd and 
cam to the King's hand, the towne of Southton stondynge 
in a baren soyle fell dayly to decay, and the market was 
clene forsaken. 

[Wingston by authority of his office sould the tymber of 
the mannor place, and had part of it himselfe. The hall 
selfe was after sett up at Broadgate, the Marques of Dorsett's 
house by Leicester, and there yet standeth.] 
fo. 94 b. [John] Harman, alias Veysey, Bisshope of Excestar 
borne in this towne, much lamentynge the decay of it got a 
new prevelege of Kynge Henry the 8. for restorynge the 
market there, and began to repayre and build new bowses 
ther, and furtharmore obtayned licence to deforest the chace 
there; whereupon he buildyd dyvars praty howsys of stone 
in the forest, and plantyd his pore kynsemen in them, 
allotynge ground conveniently unto the housys, for the 
whiche the tenaunts here the Kynge a mean rent; bysydes 
this the place where the Erie of Warwiks old howse t was, 
is now convertyd to the use of a fermars howse, and in it 
dwellythe one of the bysshop's kynsemen. The byshope 
hathe also institutyd there a gramer-schole and endweyd it 
with lands. 

He hathe also buildyd there a praty t pile of brike, where 
he sometyme lyethe. This pile stondythe in a grove about 
halfe a mile from Sowthtowne churche by northe. Good 
frewte trees sett there by the byshope grow with some 
difficultie. [He built also the north and south part or isles 
of the church and the steeple, and erected a neate monu- 
ment for himselfe in the wall of the north isle.] 

[* Stow and Burton (a); miscopied "Blare" in Burton (b).] 

[t Burton has "old lodge or mannor place.''] 

[X Called More-Hall, now the land of Fulke Gravener; 1628. B. 
Harman dyed 1555. 3. Mary at More- Hall sitting upon his close-stoole. 
—Burton (a).] 



PART V 99 

Thus is Southtown by Harman set at a good stay and 
dayly encreaseth. 

From Southetonne to Lichefeld a [5.] miles by ground Stafford- 
reasonably well woodyd and pastured, but not very apte to »W««. 
bere good come, as a ground full of hethe and feme in many 
placis. 

The right way is to Sheinston * village 2. miles of, where 
is a parke of the kings a 3. miles about, well deryd. Thens fo. 95. 
3. miles just to Lichefild. 

There is in the waye betwixt Sowthtowne and Lichefild 
a broke caullyd Blakewatar,^ that comithe a . . miles of 
by northe, and aftar resortythe into Tame river ripa sinistra 
ut Tama defluit 

The towne of Lychefild for all the substaunce of it 
stondithe apon a low and equall ground, only the close and 
the cathedrale churche, withe a longe streate, that lyethe 
northe on the bridge of the towne is somewhate apon a highe 
ground. There is no token that evar the towne was waullyd. 

A diche was made in a parte of the towne by Langton, 
Byshope of Lichefild. 

There hathe bene a castle of auncient tyme in the southe 
ende of the towne, but no parte of it standithe. The plote 
with the dikes is sene, and is yet caullyd The Castle Felde ; 
but in my coniecture the more lykely place wher it shuld of 
very auntient tyme have stond is the very close of the palace. 
That ground is some what castle like. 

In the mayne towne that is a fayre large thing be 3. 
paroche churches: St. Maries, a right bewtyfuU pece of 
worke in the very market stedd; St. Michaels in the southe 
est ende of the towne; Stow-churche in the est end of the 
towne, whereas is St. Cedd's well, a thinge of pure watar, 
where is sene a stone in the botom of it, on the whiche some 
say that Cedde was wont nakyd to stond on in the watar, fo. 95 b. 
and pray. At this stone Cedd had his oratorie in the tyme 
of Wulphere Kynge of the Merchis. 

At this tyme was all the contry about Lychefeld as a forest 
and wyldemes. 

There is a guilde or societie at the churche of St Marie 
in the market stede. This was begone in about Kynge 

* Shenstone. ^ Bourne brook. 



loo LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Stafford- Edward the thirds tyme and syns muche advaunced by one 
shire. Heywod, Dene of Lichefeld, in remembraunce of men. 
There be 5. prists longinge to this brotharhod, [and they 
serve in St. Marie's church.] 

There was a howse of St. John's in Lichefild at the very 
south end of the towne, where was a mastar and fellawes as 
religius men; but I could not leme who was first foundar 
of it. 

B. Smithe, Bysshope of Coventrie in Kynge Henry the 7. 
dayes, and aftar Byshope of Lincolne, began a new founda- 
tion at this place setynge up a mastar with 2. pristes, and 10. 
pore men in an hospitall. 

He set there also a scoll-mastar and an usshar to teach 
gramer [that hath 10. L by the yeare, and an under-schoole- 
Mr. that hath 5. 1. by the yeare], and mad a schole. 

King H. 7. was a great forderar of this new foundation, 
and gave to it an old hospitall caullyd Denhale in Wirehale * 
in Chestershire, with the lands and the impropriation of 
Burton-churche in Wirehale. 

There was a howse of Gray Friers in Lichefild in the 
southe west parte of the towne. 

Alexandar B. of Lichefild [gave first certaine free burgages 
in the towne for to sett this house on and] was the first 
foundar of it. 
fo. 96. There comithe a conducte of watar out of an hill browght 
in leade to the towne, and hathe 2. castelets in the towne, 
one in the est waule of this fryers close on the strete syd, 
anothar about the market place. 

And owt of the same hill comithe anothar into the close 
havynge a castle ther, from the whiche watar is convayed to 
the prebendary bowses, [to the vicarage houses, and the 
choristers.] 

There was of old tyme a fayre old crosse environid with 
stepps in the market place of Lichefeld. Denton Dene of 
Lichefelde invironyd this crose of late tyme with 8. fayre 
arches of stone, makynge a round voult over them for pore 
market folks to stond dry in. This Octaplus was made with 
the expence of a 160. 1. 

The northe parte of Lichefilde is devidyd from the sowthe 

» Wirral. 



PART V loi 

parte with 3 ponds or lakes, whereof bothe the 2. first lienge StafTord- 
by west, be nothinge so greate as the third that liethe by shire 
este. There be divers springs in thes pooles; but the 
principall springe is a broke that enterithe into them, and 
fedithe them. [It] cummith from Pipe aboute a mile and halfe 
by west from Lichefelde. 

The first westerae poole is devidyd from the second poole 
by a greate mayne longe cawsey waullyd of eche syd with 
stone; and in this causey be arches of stone for the watar to 
ysswe into the second poole; and this cawsey servithe to fo. 96b. 
com out of the sowthe parte of the towne into the northe. 
This cawsey was last made with great expends by [Walter 
de] Langton Byshope of Lichefild. 

There is also a fayre stone cawsey, and an isswe for the 
water, betwixt the second poole and the third poole leadynge 
out of the towne hard to the southe gate of the close of the 
cathedrall churche in Lichefild and on the este syd of it is a 
fayre mylle. 

This cawsey or bridge is litle more then a quartar so 
longe as the first: and who last mad it I wot not; but I 
thinke Bysshope Langton. 

The third poole that lyethe by est is a very fayre thinge, 
and plentiful! of fishe, and goithe in lengthe by my estema- 
tion about halfe a mile or ever the hole watar be drawne into 
a narow botom, that 3. miles lowar goithe into Trent by the 
right ripe aboute the quartar whereas Mr. Griphin's* howse 
caulyd [Wichnor] stondith. 

[This place of Mr. Griffith is builded lowe, and is sore 
subject to the risinges of Trent. There was of ould tyme a 
manner place there builded in an higher soile; but that is 
cleane decayed.] 

The cathedrall church of Lichefild was first dedicate to 
[the honour of] St. Marie and St. Petar, and a bysshoprike 
there erectyd by Oswy Kynge of the Northumbars, and also 
of the Merches, aftar that he had slayne Penda Kynge of 
the Merches a pagan. Aftar the deathe of Oswy Kynge 
Penda's sonns fauUynge to the faythe were settars forthe of 
the same churche, and favorars of Cedd's. This church of fo. 97. 
far latar tymes was renovatyd and dedicatyd to St. Marie 

[♦ Burton has "Griffith."] 



I02 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Stafford- and St. Cedde. The whole closse of the chathedrall churche 
shire was newly dikid and waullyd right strongely by Bysshope 
Langton, and he made one gate of a majestic, and great stren- 
kith at the west parte of the close, and anothar but a lesse 
gate at the southe est parte of the close. He made also the 
bysshop's palace at the este end of the close, besyde many 
othar noble acts. 

The prebendaries houses in the close buildyd by dyvers 
men be very fair. The chorists have a goodly howse lately 
buildyd by Bysshope Blithe. 

Fayre Well, a small priorie of nunes supressyd by Tho. 
Wolsey Byshope of Yorke, and gyven to Lichefild in recom- 
pence of a pencion that shuld have be geven out of his 
coledge in Oxford to Lichefild churche, was impropriat to 
the chorists of Lichefild. 

The library at the north west parte of the cathedrall 
churche of Lichefild was erectyd by Tho. Heywod, Dene of 
Lichefild. 

The glory of the churche is the worke of the west end, 
that is exceedynge costly and fayre. 

There be 3. piramides of stone in the cathedrall churche, 
2. at the west end, and one [in] the mydle of the churche. 

That parte of the towne of Lichefild that liethe by northe 
fo. 97 b. the great cawsey or bridge is but one faire strete in lengthe : 
and in it was some tyme bothe sum prebendaries howsys, 
and also the coledge of the vicars. 

From Lichefild to Stafford 12. miles. 

From Lichefild to Wulvorhampton . . . 

From Lichefild to Darby 16. miles. 

From Lichefild to Warwik a 20. miles. 

From Lichefild to Tameworthe a 5. miles, and thens to 
Nunne Eiton 9 miles in strayt way. 

From Lichefild to Burton apon Trent a 8. miles. 

The forest or chace of Cannok wood alias Cank Wood, is 
as the front of it, yet standithe within a 4. miles of Lichefild, 
and thens stretchithe within a mile of Stafford. There be in 
this forest many springs, and heades of brookes. Whereas of 
auncient tyme all the quartars of the contrye about Lichefild 
were as forest and wild ground, and naturally somewhat 
bareyne, now the grownd about it by tyme and culture 
waxithe metely good, and the woods be in many places so 



PART V 103 

cut downe that no token is that evar any were there. Stafford- 
Whereapon in haminum memoria wood is waxid dere in «hirc. 
respect of the old price at Lichefeld. 

• The right way to Coventrie from Lichfeld is to Basset's 
Crosse ' 5 miles, where is no building, thens to Coleshule 7. 
miles. The priory of Canol ** a cell of one monke was about 
halfe a mile from Basset's Crosse. The Bassets were foundars 
of it, sins the Lisles. There is a broke a mile from the 
crosse toward Lichefeld caullyd Wifford ^ in the highe way. 
The Lord Lisle, and Ser Henri Willoughby faught at Wiford 
bridge, and Willoughby was sore woundyd. [Puryfoye was 
before slayne there by Willoughby in the quarrell of K. E. 4. 
and K. H. 6.]t From Lichfeild to Hopper t village by 
sandy ground, in many places hethey, havynge some wood, fo. 98. 
pasture and come, a 4. miles. At the end of this village 
goinge out of it I passyd over a stone bridge of 16 arches 
beringe the name of the village undar the whiche Tame 
river rennithe. Thens a mile by come grownd on the left 
bond, and medowes on the right bond to Tamworth [towne.] 
The river of Tame makithe 2. mediamnes bytwyxt Tam- 
worthe towne and Hopper bridge. The confluence of the 
lower is a litle above Hopper bridge. For there the hole 
streme goithe togethar. 

Saltans bridge on Tame river is a 4. [or 5.] miles lower. 

Some counte the confluence of Tame and Trent rivers to 
be a 10, miles bynethe Tameworthe towne. Tame goithe in 
to Trent ripa dextra a 3 miles or more by nethe Mastar 
Griphins howse, betwixt Burghton* and Repton, even a 
mile above Repton. 

[• Stow places these next few lines, **The right — wounded," some 
way further on, after "a mile above Repton." Burton's placing is fol- 
lowed above, as preferable. The passage probably was a margmal ad- 
dition in Leland's lost MS.] 

[t Perhaps added bv Burton, not copied^; he was related to the 
Purefoy family, one of whom bequeathed to him the Leland manu- 
scripts. See Introduction, p. xxiv.J 

\X Now Hopvras. In the three mentions of this village Burton calls 
it *• Hopwais " or ** Hopweys."] 



• Drayton Basset. *> Canwell. 

Weeford, on the Bourne brook. ^ Burton-on-Trent. 



I04 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

fo. 98 b. I markyd that Tame cummithe downe to Tameworthe 
Stafford- selfe from southe west; but the hedd of* Tameworth lieth 
shire. by west-north west. 

The towne of Tameworthe havynge a celebrate market is 
of auncient memorye, and aftar the Danes had rasyd and 
defasyd it, Ethelfleda, Lady of the Merches, and systar to 
Kynge Edward caulyd Senior, repayred it. Tame the towne 
in respect of the botom where Tame renithe and also Ancre 
is set on the declive of a smauU hille syde, and the princi- 
pall streate and buildinge of it lyethe by west and este. 

The northe parte and syde of the principall strete of the 
towne is in Warwike-shire, and on this syde is the paroche 
churche of Tameworthe. The southe syde and parte of this 
strete lyenge toward the right ripe of Anker is in Stafford- 
shire, and the castle standithe on this parte at the very 
pointe of the confluance of Anker and Tame.t I saw but 
3. notable things in the towne; the paroche churche and 
the castle, and the bridges. The churche is collegiate, 
havynge a deane and 6. prebendaries, and every one of 
thes hathe his substitute there; but I could there leame 
of no man of whos erection the colledge was. Some thinke 
that it was a collie afore the Conquest; some thinke that it 
fo. 99. was of the foundation of the Marmions, and that [opinion] 
is the more likely of treuthe. Marmions without dowbt were 
in succession lords of the castle of Tamworthe. The kynge 
at this [present] tym is taken as patron of the coledge. 
There be divers fayre tombes of noblemen and wymen in 
the este parte of this coUegiat churche, where of one is of 
the Frevills, and his christen name, as some say, was 
Balduinus and he was lorde of Tameworthe castle. There 
lyethe also the graund-father and graunde-mother, and the 
fathar and mother of Ferrares, now owner of Tameworthe 
castell. Ther is a guilde of St. George in Tameworthe, 
and to it longyd 5. //. of lands by yere, and of late one John 
Bailie gave othar 5. //. land to it, and therewithe is now 
erectyd a gramar-schole. 

The castle of Tameworthe stondithe on a metly highe 
grownde at the southe parte of the towne, even harde apon 

[• "Of,"i.<f., oflF=from.] 

[t Stow inadvertently added •' worthe."] 



PART V 105 

the ripe of Anker and at the mouthe of it. The base courte Stafford- 
and greate warde of the castle is clene decayed, and the »hirc 
waulls faulhi downe, therein be now but bowses of office of 
no notable buildinge. The dungeon hille yet standithe, and 
a great round towre of stone on it, wherein Mr. Ferrares 
dwellithe, and now repayreth. The Marmions, Frevills and 
Ferrares hathe bene lords of it syns the Conquest. Of the 
2. bridges that be at Tamworthe the fayrar is Bowbridge, 
thowghe it stand on Ancre a lesse river than Tame, and it is fo. 99 b. 
as it were toward the est north este end of the towne in the 
way to Polesworthe and Nuneitonn. The ryver of Anker 
cummithe by est from the extreme partes of Leircestar-shire. 
The othar bridge is caulyd St. Mary bridge, havynge 12. 
great arches, and ledithe to Coventrye. It standith on Tame 
hard bynethe the confluence, and a litle benethe the castle, 
[and as it should seeme by a great stone upon the bridge, 
bearinge the armes of Basset, to be built by the Lord Basset 
of Drayton.] 

There be 3. fayres yerly, the towne hath 2. and the 
coUedge one, as I remembar. The towne [of Tamworth] is 
all buyldyd of tymbar. 

From Tameworthe to [Faseley] * village about 3 . miles, and Warwick- 
cominge hethar I lefte a parke on the lyfte hand. The soyle •hire, 
is sandy, bettar for wood and pasture then come. Then I 
passed ovar [Faseley] bridge of 16. arches of stone over 
Tame. About a mile beyonde [Faseley] I passyd by Midle- 
ton parke, whereas Syr John Willoughby, sune and heire 
to Ser Henri Willoughby (an old knight of the Sepulchre) 
hathe a faire manar place of his owne inheritaunce. 

The chefist howse of this Willowghby, and the eldist of 
all the Willowghbyes is at Willowgtowne t by Nottingham. 
Sr. John Willoughby maried one of the sistars and heires of 
the last Lorde Lasle, and had no issue. Dudley maried the 
othar. [Sr. Edw. Willoughbie, brother and heir to Sr. John, 
hath a sonne that shall enjoye both Edward and John's land, 
and hath married the L. Marq. Dorsett's sister.] 

[* Burton (a), p. 118, had first copied "Crudworth," then crossed it 
through and wrote " Faseley " in each of these three mentions, he also 
altered the figure 3 to i. Stow has " Crudworth," but Burton corrects 
Leland.] 

[t Burton has *• Willoughby towne."] 



io6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick- A 2. miles fardar I passyd ovar a bridge of 6. arches of 
shire. stone whereas . . .* ryvar passythe by comming from est, 
and goynge into Brimisham watar by west, Brimicham watar*' 
fo. loa goithe into Tame river a mile above Crudworthe^ bridge. A 
mile or more of I came unto Colishulle bridge of . . . arches 
of stone where rennithe a broke callyd CoUe** downe by the 
. . . hand, and aftar goithe into . . . 

CoUeshull* towne a praty thrwgh-faire in Werwikeshire, 
lyeinge by northe and southe up[on] an hill, hathe but one 
longe strete, and a paroche churche, at the southe end of it. 
It is countyd almoste the midle way betwixt Tamworthe and 
Coventrye. 

Thence to Mariden' village a 4. miles by enclosyd grownd, 
havynge some corne, wood and pasture. And at the end of 
this village ran downe a broket on the lefte hand, and 
thereby was a parke. Thens I passyd a 3. miles by lyke 
ground, and there I rode over a broke i*^ and a myle farthar 
I passyd ovar the same broke agayne, at the west ende of 
Coventre towne, where the broke ran downe on the lefte 
hand, and aftar comithe throwghe a bridge of a 2. arches 
withein the towne selfe of Coventrye, and there the streame 
rennithe on the left hand, and so goynge in the medowes by 
thabbay of Coventrie tumithe agayne to the lyfte hand to a 
bridge a myle lower in the way to London. 

The towne of Coventre by west is set on a lowe grownd; 
but by est it somewhat con[de]scendith. The towne was 
begon to be waullyd about the tyme of Edward the 2. There 
fo. loob* be . . . gates in the waulle thus namyd,* [viz. Bishop's- 
gate, Gosford-gate, Gray-Fryers-gate, Litle-parke-street-gate, 
Sponne-street-gate, Cooke-street-gate.] 

There be many fayre towers in the waulle. The grite and 
colour of the stone that the wauUs be buyldid of is of a 
darkeshe depe redde, as it were ferragineus colour; and so 
is all the grittf of the contrye thereabout. Moste parte of 

[• Turning over his leaf here Stow forgot to copy the names of the 
gates.] 
[t Burton has "gritt," Stow here writes "greate."] 

• ? Blythe r. ^ ? A turn of the Cole r. c ? Curdworth. 

d Cole r. e Coleshill. ' Meriden. 

B Sherboume r. 



PART V 107 

the stone in the waulls wer taken out of the diks by the Warwick- 
waull. The diche goithe about moste parte of the towne shire, 
walle. It is but late [ago] sence the waulls of Coventry 
wer finished. 

The privelege and digniti of a maior was gyven but an 
180. yeres ago to Coventre. There be many fayre stretes in 
Coventrye, well buyldyd with tymbar; but the strete that 
goithe from west up to este southe est is the moste princi- 
pal! of all the towne. 

There were 3. stately churches in the harte and midle of 
the towne, all in one cemitery. The abbey-churche, where 
somtyme Kynge Canute the Dane made an howse of nunes. 
Leofrike, Erie of the Merches, turnyd it in Kynge Edward 
the Confessor's dayes to an howse of monks, and adornid it 
withe gold and sylvar incredibly. It is now suppressyd. 

St. Michall a paroche churche, an excedynge goodly and 
ample peace of worke. St. [Trinity] is the third, a right 
fayre pece of wirke also. There be no mo paroche churches 
in the towne.* 

There is a charnell chapell in the same semitery. There is 
a churche or coUedge of St. John Baptist in the towne, and fo. loi. 
ther was a mastar and brithem professyd and an hospitall. 
The churche is yet stondinge, and a prist syngithe there; but 
Hales with the clubbe foote hathe gotten entrest in this col- 
ledge, and none (but the devell) can get hym outf 

There is also a coUegiat churche at Bablake hard withein 
the west-gate, alias Bablake-gate, dedicate to St. John and 
other; it takythe the name by lyke of a conducte by it. It 
is of the foundation of the burgeses of the towne, and ther 
is a great priveleged guilde or fratemitie. In this coUedge is 
now a mastar and 8. ministars, there hathe bene of late 12. 
ministars. 

One Bonde, a very riche marchaunt of Coventre, annixid 
to Bablake of late days an hospitall well buildid for 10. pore 
men and women to kepe them. There is also a prechar of 
Bond's foundation, havynge 10. //. the yere. 

There were 2 veri fayre howsys of friers in Coventre. 

[* These two sentences are omitted in Burton (b).] 
[t The last phrase, "and — out," was an after-thought, inserted in a 
blank space, but in Stow's hand. Burton ends with ** coUedge."] 



io8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick- The Grey Fryers [founded by . . .] 
shire. The White Friers [founded by Sr. John Poultney 4. tymes 

maior of London, an. do. 1342. 17. E. 3.] 

The Cartusyans by without the towne, where a qwene was 
especiall foundares. There be dyvars fayre suburbs without 
the waulls of Coventrye. The kynge hathe a palace in 
Coventrie now somewhat in mine. Ther was a parliament 
kept at Coventry. There is a mint for coyning in Coven- 
trye. 
fo. loi b. The Bysshope of Coventry and Lichefild hathe an old 
palace in Coventrie. 

The towne rose by makynge of clothe and capps, that 
now decayenge the glory of the city decayethe. 

From Coventrie to Lichefild 12. miles.* 

From Coventrie to Leichester 14. miles. 

From Coventrie to Daventre 14. miles. 

From Coventrie to Southeham 10. miles. 

From Coventrie to Killingworthe 4. miles, and other 4. 
miles thens to Werwike. 

The broke* that cummithe from Coventryes towns end by 
weste rennithe a mile lower then Coventrye in the highe 
way to London undar a stone bridge of a 3. arches; and 
there as I rode the streme goinge downe on the right hond, 
that broke goithe a litle lower into Sow river, ripa dextra 
bynethe Wynnell bridge. 

Wynnoall** bridge on Sowe of 5. arches of stone is about 
halfe a mile from the aforesayde bridge of 3. arches, and 
lyethe in the highe waye frome Coventrie to London. 

And a mille and halfe farthar in the way to London 
I passed over Finfordt bridge on Avon ryver of 8. arches of 
stone. This bridge is a 6. myles or more above Werwike as 
Avon commithe downe. 

Thelflorde bridge t of stone on Avon aboute a 3. miles 

[* Burton has "Coventry to Lichfield 20. miles."] 

[t Finham, on the Sow, appears to be meant.] 

\X Chesford bridge seems intended ; Burton (a) has Chelford, Stow 
has Thelflorde. There is perhaps a confusion with Thelsford, which is 
some miles to the south.] 



» Sherboume r. ^ Willenhall or Winhall. 



PART V 109 

lower, and is the passage from Kyllingworthe* over Avon. Warwick- 
Yet standithe Killingworthe selfe well toward a mile from «hi«*c. 
the right rype of Avon. ^^* '02. 

Kynge Henry the 8. dyd of late yeres great coste in 
repayringe the castle of Kyllyngworthe. Emonge these repara- 
tions the praty banketynge house of tjn^nbre, that stood 
thereby in the mere, and bare the name of pleasaunce, was 
taken downe, and parte of it sete up in the base courte at 
Killingworthe castle. 

I rode from Finford bridge to Marton bridge of a 3. 
arches of stone, and well cawsied with stone at bothe endes. 
This bridge is a 3. miles beyond Finforde bridge. Leaume ^ 
ryver cumminge straite from est, passith under this bridge, 
and goithe into Avon ryver by west about a mile above 
Werewike. And Warwike is cowntyd to be about a 6. miles 
bynethe this bridge. 

There is a village as I rode trans pontem hard on the 
southe syde of it called Marton. From Marton to Southe- 
ham * a 4. miles. There was almoste no wood in the way on 
no syd from Wynnoll bridge to Southeham; yet was there 
good pasture and come al in champayne. 

Southeham is a meane market towne of one streate, 
standinge somewhat clyminge on the syde of a smauUe 
balkynge grownde. It longide wythe dyvers othar smauU 
lordshipps thereaboute to the priorie of Coventre, syns of 
late to the Kynge by suppressyon, and now to Knightley by 
exchaunge. 

There is a litle broket by southe of Southeham renninge fo. 102 b. 
downe on the right bond, as I rode ovar a litle bridge on it Oxfordshire, 
in the way to Banbyry. From Southeham to Banbyry 10. 
good miles all by champayne, no wood, but excedynge good 
pasture and come. 

Frome Banbyry to ... a smaule thrwghe-fayre a 3. or 
4. miles al by champaine ground. Thens by lyke ground a 
7. miles to Burgchestar alias Bisceter;** but or I cam by 
a 2. miles space to Bisceter I cam by a 2. fayre woods on 
the hilles sydes, and passyd in a glade or botom betwixt 
them. 

» Kenilworth. ** Learn r. 

^ Southam. ^ Bicester. 



no LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Oxfordshire. Thens to Iselepe an 8. mile leving Ottemor on the right 
hand, that yf the wateres had not beene up had bene the 
next way. [In this Ottemor was the first foundation of 
Tame abbey.] 

Islepe a praty thrwgh-fayre on the lefte ripe of Charwelle 
river. Hard by it is a fayre bridge ovar Charwell, well 
archyd withe stone; and a mile and halfe above it is Gos- 
ford-bridge ovar Charwell, and [a] 2. miles above Gosford 
is Emmeley-bridge. And 2. miles above Emmeley is Hey- 
wood-bridge ♦ on Charwelle. 

From Iselepe to Oxford a 3. miles to go by the medowes 
on Charwelle; but to go on the lyfte hand towarde the woody 
hill is a 4. miles. 

From Oxforde to Haseley a 4. miles. From Haseley to 
Tame* market 4. miles. About Alexander Byschope of 
Lyncoln's tyme the towne of Tame beinge the kyngs was 
gyven for annuall rente in fee farme to the sete of Lincoln 
as to the bysshope thereof and his successors, 
fo. 103. This Alexander Bischope of Lyncolne buildyd at a parke 
therby of his an abbay of white monks, now cawlyd Tame, 
not bycause it stode on Tame ryver, but not very fare from 
Tame towne. 

I passyd a litle northe northe weste from Tame churche 

over Crendon bridge of 4. stone arches apon Tame, and 

thens by some hilly and aftar great pasture ground, and 

Bucks, grounds fruitfuU of benes a 10. miles to Querendune in the 

vale of Ailesbyry, where Mastar Anthony Legh dwellith. 

[Querendon sometimes the Spensers land, and thereby 
runneth a brooke under a stone bridge, resorting to Tame 
river. The bridge is betwixt 2. houses of his.] 

Thens 2. miles by greate champaine, frutfull for pastures 
and benes to Birdsteine** in the vale of Eilesbury, wher 
Mastar Legh hathe a goodly house with goodly orchards and 
a parke. This Birdstaine is almost in the middle of the vale 
of Alesburye. 

[* Now Heyford. Heywood, Stow and Barton (a). Burton (b^ has 
a marcinal note ** Heyford," said by Heame's editor to be in the nand 
of Antnony k Wood.] 



» Thame. * ? Burston (Upper and Lower). 



PART V III 

From Birdsteine * to Aillesbiri a faire markett toune, al by Buckinghain- 
champayne, [a 3. miles. Of this towne all the champaine] shire, 
thereabout is called the vale of Alesburye. 

This vale goithe one waye to the forest beyond Tame 
market. It goithe otharwyes to Bukynghame, to Stony 
Stratford, to Newporte Panell, and alonge from Ailesbery by 
the rootes of Chilterne Hills almoste to Dunstaple. 

Or evar I passyd into Aillesbyri I rode over a litle bridge 
of stone caullid Woman's Bridge, undar the whiche passithe 
a brooke downe on the right hand as I rode; and from this 
bridge to the towne is a cawsey of stone. [This is, as farre 
as I can gather. Tame water.**] 

The towne selfe of Aillisbyry** standithe on an hill in 
respecte of all the gromid thereabout, a 3. miles flate northe fo. 103 b. 
from Chilterne Hills. The towne is metly well buyldyd with 
tymbar, and in it is a celebrate market. It standithe in the 
high-waye from Banbyry to London, and in the highe way 
from Bukingham to London. There is domus civica in the 
midle [of the] markett place, a late reedified by [John] 
Baldwine cheife Justice [of the Common-Pleas]; but the 
kynge gave the tymbar unto it The comon gaoile or prison 
for Bukyngham-shire is in this towne. 

There is but one paroche churche in the towne standinge 
west northe west in it; but that is one of the most auncientist 
in all thos quartars, as it aperithe by the lyfe of St. Osithe. 
Querendune a mile and halfe northe from Aillesbyri, also 
Burton and Aillesborow in Chiltem 3. miles of by southe 
with dyvers othar hamlets were in Aillesbyri paroche. 

[It is said that a B. of Lincolne, desyred by a Pope to give 
the personage of Alesbury to a straunger, a kinsman of his, 
found the meanes to make it a prebende, and to impropriate 
it to Lincolne church. At the which time also the personage 
of Tame was impropriate and made a prebend in Lincolne, 
so that the cures of both the churches with a right bare 
livinge be reject unto the vicars.] St. Osithe, dowghtar to 
Fredewalde, was borne in Querendune in Ailesbyri paroche, 
and brought up with an aunte of hirs at Aillesborow in 
Chiltern Hills a 3. miles from Ailesbyry by sowthe, whereof 

• ? Burston. ^ Thame r. 

« Aylesbury. 



112 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Buckingham, the Erles of Saresbery were late lords, and now the kynge by 
shire. attincture. 

St. Osithe's body was translatyd for a whill for feare of 
the Danes from Chic, alias St. Osithes, to Aillesbyrie. There 
was, as some say, a nunery, or othar house of religion, 
fo. 104. whereas the personage is now, and* [record yet remaineth 
that this house should be of the Maturines, alias fratres 
Ordinis Ste. TrinitatiSy of like sect to the friers of Tikhill 
and Hundeslawe,* 10. miles from London.] 

There was an howse of the Gray-Friers in the towne 
toward the sowthe, foundyd about the tyme of Richard 2. 
The Lord of Ormond was in tyme of mind countyd chefe 
lorde of Ailesbyrie, syns Boleyne by partition of lande. 

There rennithe a praty brooke undar a wooden bridge 
almoste at the very end of Aillesbyri towne, by southe. This 
watar cummithe downe from este and rennithe by weste into 
Tame, by the lefte ripe of it about a mile bynethe Aillesbyri, 
some what lower then Stone-bridge on Tame. I take the 
hedde of this broke to be toward Wyndover thrwgh-fayre 3. 
miles of the southe. 

Tame rivar selfe, as I there lemed, rysethe in the ester 
parts of all the Chiltem Hills toward Dunestaple, and the 
hede of it by estimation is 7. miles from Stone-bridge on 
Tame betwixt Querendune and Aillesbyri. 

From Aillesbyri to Dunestaple about a 8. miles. 

From Aillesbyri to Tame market 8. miles. 

From Aillesbyri to Buckingham a 10. miles. 

From Aillesbyri to Banbyri 19 or 20. miles. 

Wyndover ** a praty thrwghe fayre, havynge 2. stretes well 

buildyd with tymber, a 3 miles of. There is a causey made 

almoste thrwghly to passe betwixt Aillesbery and it, els the 

fo. 104 b. way in wet tyme as in a lowe stifle claye grownde were very 

tedius and ille to passe by. 

The tounelet selfe of Wyndover stondythe partely apon 
one of the north-est cliffs of Chilteme Hills. The residew 
and north-est parte of the towne standythe in the rootes of 

[* Stow evidently missed the two or three lines here supplied from 
Burton, the top line of fo. 104 ending with <* and *'.] 



* Hounslow. ** Wendover. 



PART V 113 

the hills. Looke as the conterye of the vale of Aillesbvre Bucldngham- 
for the moste parte is clene baren of woodde, and [is] «hii«- 
champaine; so is all Chilteme well woodyd, and full of 
enclosures. 

From Windover to Great Missenden in Chiltern a 3. miles. 
It is a praty thrwghe fayre, but no market towne. There is 
a praty chapell of brike in the southe parte of it, and a lytle 
by southe without the towne was Missendene, a priorie of 
black channons. It standithe in the very botom of an hill, 
and hathe goodly ground about and dyvers praty hills well 
woodyd toward the est and southe. [It was founded by . . . 
Doyley.] 

A mile and a halfe furthar toward London is a strete 
cauUyd Litle Missendene. 

Hagmondesham, alias Hamersham/ a right praty market 
[towne] on Friday, of on strete well buildyd with tymbar, 
standynge in Bukinghamshire and Chiltern, 2. miles and 
halfe from Litle Messenden. The Duke of Bukyngham 
was chefe lorde of it, syns the kynge, now the Lord Russell fo. 105. 
by gyft, that dwdlithe at Cheynes** 3. miles [of] by east. 

The paroche churche standithe by northe est toward the 
midle of the towne, and in a chaple of the north syde of it 
liethe buryed one [Edmund] Brudenelle, fathar to [Sr. 
Robert Brudenell, late cheife Justice of the Common-Pleas, 
and Drew Brudenell, elder brother to the sayd Sr. Robert, 
and Helen his wife, da. to Broughton, who dwelt*] at a 
maner of his of 40. 1. by the yere. There comithe a brooke** 
almoste from Missenden, and passith hard by Hagmonde- 
sham levinge it almoste by full southe on the right ripe, and 
aftar rennithe downe by the valeys of Chiltern Hills toward 
Colne streme. 

From Hagmondesham to Uxbridge a 9. miles by goodly Middlesex, 
enclosydgrownd, of a gravelly soyle, havynge woods, medowes, 
pasture, and corne. The hole towne liethe from the west, 
risynge a litle to southe este. In it is but one longe streate: 
but that for tymbar is well buildyd. There is a celebrate 

[* For the passage between [ ] in Burton (a), Stow has '* Brude- 
nelle the iudge; and this Brudenell dwelt there."] 



* Amersham. ^ Chenies. ° Misboume r. 

11. I 



114 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Middlesex, market ons a weke, and a great fayre ons a yere at the feaste 
of St. Michaell. There is a chapele of ease in the towne. 
The paroche churche is almoste a mile out of the towne, in 
the very highe way to London, [called Great Hellindon' 
which is] a token that Uxbridge selfe is no very olde towne. 
There be 2. woodde bridgys at the west ende of Uxbridge 
toune, and undar the westemist goithe the mayne arme of 
Colne rivar. The lesse arme of Colne goithe under the 
othar [bridge,] and eche of them servythe there a great 
mille. 
fo. 105 b. The divorce of Colne streme is scant a mile above Ux- 
bridge but these 2. armes mete not agayne, for the byggar 
goithe thrwghe the goodly medows strayt to Colbroke towne 

3. miles lower, and so to the Thames. The othar goithe to 
2. milles at . . . and they be a mile and a halfe est frome 
Colebroke in the waye unto London, and thens that arme 
goith into the Tamise. 

From Uxbridge to Southehole^ a village about a 6. miles. 
I came ovar a bridge^ of 6. archis a mile and more a this 
syd Southole. The watar that goithe thrwghe it there ren- 
nithe thrwghe Howndeslaw hethe, or els to Brentford.* 

Thens [t\e. from Southall] to Acton a praty thrwghe fayre 

4. miles. Thens to Maribone-broke^ and parke a 4. miles. 
This broke rennithe by the parke-wauUe at St. James. To 
London 2 miles. 

[* The passage " I came — Brentford" is copied by Stow at the verv 
end of the page. Burton places it before ** From Uxbridge — 6 miles. 
It appears to have been one of Leland's marginal additions after the 
lines "From Uxbridge — London 2 miles" had been written.] 



» Hillingdon. ^ Southall. 

o Over the Ycading r. ^ Marylebone. 



APPENDIX. 



CONTENTS OF THIS APPENDIX.* 

PAGE 

Extracts from Life of St Neots 117 

From Life of St. Winifred, by Robert Prior of Shrewsbury 119 

From Life of St. Guthlac, by Felix 122 

From anonvmous writer, on the translation of the relics of 

St. Guthlac 125 

From Chronicle of the Abbots of Croyland ... 126 
From Two tracts on the life and miracles of Waldev, Earl 

of Northampton and Huntingdon, bv Croyland monks . 130, 133 

From Tract on the Earls of Huntingdon and Northampton 134 
From Life of St. Ivo the bishop and Prologue to it by monk 

Joscelin of Bertin 142 

On the translation and miracles of St. Ivo .... 143 

Dr. London's notes on 'William of Wykeham . . . 144 

Letter from Leland to Mr. Bane in Liouvain ... 145 

More notes concerning Croyland 146 

Letter of recommendation for Leland to see books in the 

library at Bury, and Notes from them .... 148 
Extracts from John Rowse, De AntiquUate Oxcmi et Aca- 
demiae (interspersed by remarks of Leland), with lists of 
Colleges and Halls at Oxford and Cambridge . . . 151 
Extracts from Rowse, De Episcopis Wigomiae^ as to War- 
wick, Lichfield, and other places 158 

Various notes as to Oxford and Cambridge ... 160 

Notes as to Salisbury, Worcester, etc 162 

From Rowse, De Episcofis Wigom,^ concerning Warwick . 165 

From a book on Cambndge 166 

From Rowse, De Academm 167 

Notes of Staffordshire Families 168 

[* Little of the portion of the Collectanea in this Appendix belongs 
to the Itinerary; but I retain it at the end of Part V, where Heame 
put it, because it contains extracts relating to Warwickshire, as well as 
to Worcestershire and Staffordshire, all counties treated in this Part, 
besides something of Oxford and Cambridge. The extracts on pp. 122- 
132 and 146 relate to the history of Croyland Abbey, Lincolnshire. The 
two interesting Letters give glimpses of Leland at work. See vol. i. 
Introduction, pp. xiii, naie 3, xiv, xx.] 



APPENDIX* 

Ex libro incerti autoris sed Monachi de Viti S. Neoti. Stow, vol. i, 

fo. 70 v^. 

NEOTUS evis, ut fertur, Britanniae, quae nunc Anglia, 
partibus ortus. 
Parentes Neod de genere Regum Orientalium An- 
glorum. 

[* Leland's original MS., Phillipps 121 11 ; Stow's copy, Tanner 
464, vol. i, fos. 70 verso-~83 verso. (Hearne, Appendix to vol. iv.) 

The Cheltenham MS. 121 11 was once part ot Leland's Collectanea 
(it is the same shape and folio size), according to a note by Dugdale at 
the end of his copy in the Bodleian (MS. Eng. Hist, c. 9, fos. 33-41) 
made in 1677 1 Dut by whom it was separated does not appear. It fell 
into the hands of Sir Henry St. George, and was bound oy him with 
other collections; the volame afterwards passed to Mr. Oswald Beau- 
voir, who detached this Leland piece again and bound it separately 
(note on fly-leaf signed O. B.). 

Stow copied a little more than half of this, with omissions, but he 
added a piece at the beginning, "de vita S. Neoti," and at the end of 
his cop^ he added extracts "in vitam d. Yvonis episcopi'* (p. 142), 
both of which Hearne printed, and are given here. The Cheltenham 
MS. and Dugdale's copy b^in with **ex libro Roberti prioris Salapes- 
biriae"; neither of them have Stow's additions, which he may have 
taken from some other portion of the Collectanea. Dugdale's copy, 
otherwise complete, omits the letter from Leland to Mr. &ne (p. 145), 
and the letter dated from Barnewelle (p. 148), but inserts in place of 
the last a transcript of a sheet relating to Staffordshire families (in 
English) which, being loose. Sir Henry St. George had also copied at 
the end of his volume for fear of its being lost. Sir Henry's foresight 
came true, the sheet is lost, but the transcript remains in his volume, 
now Add. MS. 5937 in the British Museum, untouched by Mr. O. 
Beau voir. In 1836 Sir Fred. Madden printed these Staffordshire notes 
('* Collectanea Topographica et Genodogica," vol. iii, p. 339-342, 
kindly pointed out to me by Mr. Falconer Madan of the Bodleian) 
without being aware of Dugdale's copy; they are reprinted here at the 
end of the Cheltenham MS. 

A third copy of the Cheltenham MS. was made for Dr. R. Plot in 

"7 



ii8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Neotus monachus factus in Glastyngey.* 

Occidentalium partes gentis Anglorum Britannicorum. 

Natio enim ilia a Romanis Cornugallia vocabulata, per- 
lustrare disposuit, locique mox penetralia deserti interiora 
expetiit. 

A. S. autem Petroci** Monasterio haec distat heremus de- 
cern ferfe millibus. Tracto vero ab ipso beato viro nomine 
Neotestoke a loci incolis est appelktus. Qui locus nemo- 
rosis undique vallatur arboribus, perspicuisque emanat flumi- 
nibus, maris quoque superstat a&iitate contiguus. Hie 
vitam duxit anachoreticam Neotus. 

Postea in eodem loco coepit edificare cenobium, quod 
celeri attentione est ad unguem perductum. 

Aluredus Rex familiarit^r usus est Neoto, plurimum ejus 
tribuens consiliis. 

Aluredus Rex a Neoto admonitus Scolas Anglorum Romae 
reparavit. 

Venerabile corpus Neoti in sui tumulatum est ecclesisl. 

Corpus Neoti post septem annos translatum a monu- 
mento ad borealem suae ecclesiae partem. 
878. Anno Dom. 878 Outrun tyrannus cum innumerabili 
Paganorum exersitu Britanniae Anglice insulam undique 
invasit. 

Est locus in ultimus Britanniae Anglorum partibus ad oc- 
cidentem situs, cui nomen lingui Saxonum Ethelingaige,*" 
quod apud nos sonat Clitonum insula, immensis salis palu- 

1682, from which Heame printed, with the help of Stow. Several 
errors in Plot's copy are corrected by my collation on the original. 

At the end of the Cheltenham MS., occupying fos. 26-^9, is a list 
of the religious houses in England, written in a clerk's hand temp. 
Hen. VIII, corrected by Leiand himself in many places, followed by 
the reli^ous houses in Wales written by Leiand; the lists are arranged 
in counties with the sub-heading architpiscotatus^ episcopatus^ abbatia^ 
prioraiusy castra, casUilum, givmg about 588 houses in all. At the end 
Leiand wrote the following: *'Summa villarum in Anglia exceptis 
castris et civitatibus IxiiiJM. Summa feodarum militum bcMccxvj, de 
quibus relip[iosi habent xxvjicxv." On the back of this last leaf is a list 
of bishopncs and the counties in which they extend. These items do 
not appear to have been copied by Stow, Dugdale, nor Plot, and were 
not printed by Heame.] 



* Glastonbury. ^ Bodmin. » Athelney. 



APPENDIX 119 

dibus circum circa septtis, quantula in medio planitie reten- 
tus. Ibi ex insperato Rex Aluredus exul intercidit solus. 

Postea adventandbus suis munitionis arcem ibidem pau- 
cis perfecit diebus. 

Nox erat, et curae mordaces pectora Regis 

Vallabant, poterat nee somnum nosse quietis. 

Ecce Neotus adest, Domini miserantis alumnus 

Coram quo verbis primum sic fatur amicis. £t est ibidem 
prosi Oratione: et sequitur, 

Tis memor advenio solamen ferre laborum, et paulo Sic. 
inferius, 

Matuta demum roseo surgente cubili, 

Rex pariter surgit, grates et strenuus egit, 

Victori summo praeductorique Neoto. 

Aluredus exercitum congregavit in loco qui lapis cogno- 
minatur Ecgbrithi (Egbritstane). 

Deinde propter loci campestrim amoenitatem promovit 
castra juxta silvam Sealyndi (Sealwod)* 

Deinde biduo transacto, quendam aptum adversariis mon- 
tem Ethandune nomine cum omni exercitu suo antici- 
pavit. 

Hie fuit vetus exemplar Croilandensis Monaster: muti- 
lum, quare quod reliquum erat de rebus Neoticis desidera- 
batur. 

Haec quae secuntur de translatione reliquiarum S. Neoti 
in Croiland, et quandam pagella de ea translatione scripta 
excerpsi. 

Ex libro Roberti Prioris Salapesbiriae de Vita S. Wenefredae M§. Phillipps, 
Virginis ad Guarinum Priorem Vigorniae. ^^- '• 

Theuith vir potens filius Eluith dedit Benoo viro Sanctis- 
simo locum in quo ecclesiam construeret: et Wenefredam 
filiam suam unicam in religione instituendam ei tradidit. 

Dedit etiam Bennoo villam liberam et quietam ab omni 
exactione: et praedium in quo ecclesiam fabricaret, et habi- 
tacula servis Dei inibi mansuris construeret. 

Juvenis Caradocus, filius Alani Regis, inflammatus amore 
Wenefredae venit ad aedes Theuith. 

[* Sealnwalde nunc Selwodde. — Marginal fwte,'\ 



I20 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Virgo placide respondens Caradoco thalamum petit reditu- 
ram se promittens. 

At ilia hac arte amatorem elusit fiigiens versus Bennoi 
ecclesiam. 

Caradocus fugientem comprehendit, ac impudicos am- 
plexus pernegantem, caput ejus gladio amputat. 

Caput virginis praecisum £ clivo ad ecclesiae limen dela- 
bitur. 

Caput Wenefredae appositum corpori precibus Bennoi ad- 
haesit, vitaeque virgo restituta est. 

Postea albedo quaedam tenuissima in modum fili collum 
ambiebat, et locum sectionis obducebat. 

Locus vero ubi sanguis illius fusus est primitus Sicca Vallis 
dicebatur. 

Postquam autem caput virginis abscisum terrain tetigit, 
fons ibi aquae salientis emanavit, qui de nomine puellae 
vocabulum sortitus est. 

Nam illorum lingua Fonnan Wenefredae* appellatur. 

Lapides aspergine sanguinis infecti tarn in fontis scaturi- 
gine quam in margine riparum amnis defluentis adhuc ibi 
conspiciuntur. 

Muscus vero qui lapidibus adhaeret thus redolet. 

Wenefreda k Benoo sacro habitu velata. Wenefreda 
velat[a] mansit per septennium in ecclesia k S. Bennoo con- 
structa, ac chorum sacrarum virginum sibi commendavit. 

Lapis nomine S. Bennoi appellatus prope fontem Wene- 
fredae. 

Bennous relicta Wenefreda aliam Walliae regionem litto- 
ralem petit. 

Wenefreda casulam lintheo involutam fonti suo commen- 
dat; quod munus hinc in mare delapsum ad littus ubi Ben- 
nous habitabat perlatum est, quod k fonte Wenefredae distat 
50. millibus passuum. Ab hoc munere, quod Wenefreda 
suo instructori singulis annis Calend. Maij transmisit, Ben- 
nous cognomen accepit Casulisech, id est, Casula sicca. 

Wenefreda relicto Monasterio suo Deiferum petit, 7. milli- 
bus passuum hinc distantem. 

Wenefreda consilio Deiferi Henthlaut petit ubi habitabat 
S. Saturnus. 

» HolyweU or St. Winifred's Well, Flint. 



APPENDIX 121 



Verba Saturni ad Wenefredam. 

Est locus quidatn^ lVitheriacus^nuncupatus,muliorum Sanct- 
orum pignoribus refertus^ et pro illorum veneranda conver- 
satione adeo electus^ atque ab omni populo in magna revtrtntia 
habitus^ hunc locum te invisere praecipit Deus, 

Ibi est quidam abbas muliarum virtutum nomine Elerius^ 
ad hunc te destinare divino sum admoniius oraculo, 

Ibi sunt Deo dicatae virgines in professione vitae sanctimoni- 
alls coelibatum observantes, 

S. Theonia Abbatissa Guitheriacensis, cui Wenefredam 
Elerius concredidit, obiit et ab Elerio ibidem sepulta est. 

Cura Guitheriacensium virginum commissa ab Elerio 
Wenefredae. Obiit S. Wenefreda Guitheriaci 4. Non. No- fo. 2. 
vembr. Sepulta est ^ S. Elerio juxta S. Theoniam. 

In eodem quoque coemiterio multi quidem et magnonim 
meritorum viri requiescunt, sed praeclariores et majoris 
famae feruntur Chebius et Sevanus : quorum prior ad caput 
ejus tumulatus est; alter vero in eodem ordine quo ipsa 
jacet requiescit. 

Qui utrique mag. virtutum viri apud indigenas memor- 
antur. 

Extant adhuc in eadem provintia nonnullae in eorum me- 
moriam basilicae. 

Elerius in basilica sui nominis sepultus est, ac usque in 
hunc diem multis miraculis choruscare non destitit. 

Tempore Gul. primi Regis Angl. Rogerus comes, vir illus- 
tris, in urbe Salopesbiriae coenobium aedificare coepit. 

Wenefreda dormienti Radulpho Subpriori Salopesbiriae 
apparuit. 

Septem monachi episcopum Bangorensem et principem 
Northwalliae orant et exorant ut illis liceat reliquias Wene- 
fredae Salopesbiriam transferre. 

Erat hoc tempore, viz. circa initia Regis Stephani Here- 
bertus Abbas Salopesbyriensis. Godefridus Abbas Salopes- 
byriensis ante tempora Hereberti. 

Quidam ex inhabitantibus de Guitheri more patrio ex 
crudis animalium pellibus calceos sibi conficiens. 

Reliquiae S. Wenefredae Salopesbyriam* perductae, ad 

* Gwytherin, Denbighshire. ^ Shrewsbury. 



122 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

dies aliquot in ecclesia Sancti Aegidii in exitu urbis* positae 
sunt. 

fo. 3. Ex Praefatione Felicis in Vitam S. Guthlacif ad Aelfuual- 
dum Orient. Angl. Regem. 

Abbas Wilfridus et Cyssa Presbyter. Lelandus, Ab istis, 
quibus Guthlacus fuit notissimus, ejus vitam praedidicit 
Felix. 

E libro Felicis de Vita Guthlaci. 

Penuualdus de egr^a Merciorum stirpe, cujus mansio in 
mediterraneorum Anglorum partibus fuit, pater Guthlaci. 

Penuualdi progenies per nobilissimorum illustrium regum 
nomina antiqua ab origine Ycles digesto ordine cucurrit. 
Tetthe uxor Penuualdi et mater Guthlaci. 

Ex appjellatione illius tribus, quam dicunt Guthlacinga, 
proprietatis vocabulum velut ex coelesti consilio Guthlacus 
percepit, quod ex qualitatis compositione assequentibus 
mentis conveniebat. Nam, ut illius gentis gnari perhibent, 
hoc nomen ex 2. integris constare videtur: hoc est, Guth et 
Lac,t quod Ro. sermonis nitore personat belli munus; quia 
ille cum vitiis belkndo aeternae beatitudinis munera cum 
triumphali insula perhennis vitae percepisset. 

Guthlacus juvenis egregius bellator. 

Nam cum 24. aetatis suae annum peregisset, relictis omni- 
bus suis,Monasterium Ripadun, usque pervenit, in quo mys- 
ticam tonsuram accepit sub Abbatissa nomine Elffrida : ac 
deinde accepto clencali habitu etc. 

Est in mediterraneorum Anglorum Britanniae partibus 
immensae magnitudinis acerrima palus, quae k Grontae 
flumine ripis incipiens haud procul k castello, quod dicunt 
nomine Gronte, nunc stagnis, nunc flactris, {s\e. incisuris,) in- 
terdum nigris fusi vaporis laticibus, nee noncrebris§ insuk- 
rum nemoribus intervenientibus, et flexuosis rivigarum|| 

[♦ Leland corrected extra urbem to in exitu urbis. The next page 
is blank.] 

[t Leland writes the th in Guth. invariably as iS, without the stroke ; 
he makes his d diflferently.] 

\X Gudlac mihi rectius significare videtur bonum ludum vel bonum 
omen. — Marginal note by Lelofid^l 

[§ aebU MS.'\ [il Sic,\ 



APPENDIX 123 

anfractibus, ab austro in aquilonem mari tenus longiss. tractu 
protenditur. 

Ipse autem Tatuinus incola imperils viri Dei annuens, Croyland, 
arrepta piscatoria scaphula, per invia lustra in tetrae paludis Llncoln- 
margine, Christo viatore, ad praedictam insulam, quae lingua ""'^' 
Anglorum Crulande' vocatur, pervenit; quae antea propter 
remotioris heremi solitudinem inculta et ignota manebat. 

Pervenit autem Guthlacus ad banc insulam inbabitandam 
die quo S. Barptolomaei festivitas venerari debet. 

Erat itaque in praefata insula tumulus agrestibus glebis 
coacervatus, quem olim avari solitudinis frequentatores 
ergo* lucri illic adquirendi defodientes scindebant, in cujus 
latere velut cisterna inesse videbatur, in qua vir beatae 
memoriae Guthlacus desuper imposito tugurio habitare 
coepit. 

Contigit itaque in diebus Conredi, regis Merciorum, cum 
Britones infesti hostes Saxonici generis, bellis, praedis, publi- 
cisque vastationibusque Angl. gentem deturbarent, etc. 

Verba loquentis vulgi Britonicaque agmina tectis suis suc- 
cedere agnoscit Nam ille aliorum temporum voluminibus 
inter illos exulabat, quoad usque eorum strimulentas loquelas 
intelligere valuit.t 

Beccelinus clericus famulus Guthlaci4 

Beccelinus k diabolo instigatus ut Guthlacum interficeret. 

Erat sub eodem tempore quidam exul de inclita Mercio- 
rum prole, vocabulo Ethelbaldus, (postea rex Merciorum,) qui 
quodam die, ut assolebat, virum Dei visitare volens, comite§ 
Wilfrido praefato, adepta rate, usque ad praedictam insulam 
pervenit. 

Huctredus juvenis inclitae quidem, ut ferunt, sobolis de 
Orient. Angl. terminis occupatus ab immundo spiritu. 

Egga, Ethelbaldi exulis comes, k Daemone correptus. 
Hedda episcopus venit ad Guthlacum. 

[* Caussa supra /in.] 

[t lUusio Daemonum assumpta Britan. spede.—Afarpina/ ncit,] 

[t Gudlacus linguam Britann. utcumque intelligebat. — Marginal 
Moie,] 

[§ Hie est Wilfridus Abbas, de quo Felix in Praefatione.— ^a^'no/ 
ftote,] 

■ CroyUad. 



124 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Croyland. Wigfridus, librarius Heddae episcopi, arrogabat sibi judi- 
cium de vita Guthlaci. 

Guthlacus presbyter ab Hedda episcopo factus et inunctus. 
Hedda episcopus consecrat oratorium Guthlaci in Crou- 
landa. 

Egcburcha Abbatissa, Aldulphi regis filia, misit ad Guthla- 
cum sarcophagum plumbeum lintheumque in eo volutum. 
fo. 4. Guthlacus de successore suo in heremo rogatus, respon- 
disse fertur: Illius loci heredem in gentili populo fuisse^ 
nondum ad baptismatis lavacrum devenisse^ sed mox futu- 
rumfore dicebat. Quod spiritu providentiae dixisse eventus 
futurae rei probavit. Nam ipse Cyssa, qui nunc nostris 
temporibus sedem viri Dei Guthlaci possidet, post annos,* 
ut ipse narrare solet, lavachrum baptismatis in Britannia 
percepit. 

Quodam enim tempore cum exul ille, quem supra memo- 
ravimus, Ethelbaldus hue illucque persequente ilium Ceol- 
redo rege in diversis nationibus jactaretur, alio die deficiente 
virium ipsius valetudine, suorumque inter dubia pericula, 
postquam exinanitae vires defecere, tandem ad colloquium 
S. Guthlaci, ut solebat, pervenit, etc. ut Guthlacus praedixerit 
ilium aliquando regnaturum. 

Beccelinus assidens morienti Guthlaco jussus est ab hero 
ut ejus sororem Pegam conveniret. Pega soror Guthlaci. 

Egberchtus anachorita notus Guthlaco. 

Pega venit ad oratorium fratris sui Guthlaci. 

Erat vir quidam paterfamilias in provincia Wisa. 

Rex autem Ethelbaldus ut beatum consolatorem suum 
miraculis choruscare comperit, locum sepulturae ejus gau- 
dens expetiit, et ea quae beato viro jam regnum adeptus 
donaverat servientibus ei perhenniter concessit. Nam quo- 
dam tempore dum idem rex caussa visitandi patronum 
suum antequam migraret Crolandiam adiret, et vir Dei 
quietam mansionem in eadem insula sibi ab eo concedi pos- 
tularet, quinque milliaria ad orientem, id est, usque ad fossam 
quae Asendic dicitur, et tria ad occidentem, quinque ad 
meridiem, et quinque ad aquilonem concessit, et ab omni 
reddit atque consuetudine saeculari omnibus modis absolvit, 
et idem chartam sigillo suo signatam in praesentia episcopo- 

[* Annorum numenis fonan desideratar. — Heame,'\ 



APPENDIX 125 

mm procenimque suorum confirmavit. £t quia p)alustris Croyland. 
humus Crolandiae, ut ipsum nomen intimat, (Crolandia 
enim crudam, id est, coenosam terram, significat,) lapideam 
molem sustinere non poterat, praefatus rex ingentes ex 
quercu palos innumerae multitudinis humo infigi fecit, 
duramque terram novem milliariis per aquam de Uppolanda, 
i,e, superiori terra, scaphis deferri et paludibus commisceri 
statuit. £t sic lapideam, quia S. Guthlacus oratorio conten- 
tus est ligneo, basilicam coepit et consummavit Deinde 
religiosos viros ibi aggregavit, coenobium condidit, oma- 
mentis et fundis aliisque divitiis locum ditavit, et ad honorem 
Dei et S. anachoritae, quem valde dilexerat pro dulci con- 
solatione quam ab eo dum exulabat multotiens perceperat. 

Versus Felicis. 

Gurgite multarum Cruland ambitur aquarum 
Piscibus et rivis quoniam redimitur amoenis. 
Multigenis latum dat piscibus unda natatum, 
Suppeditat gurges foenum quoque pabula pisces. 

Sequuntiu- praeterea quinque versus in antiquo codice.* 

Ex libello incerti Autoris de translatione reliquiarum 
S. Guthlaci. 

Gunnilda sanctimonialis cultrix D. Guthlaci. 

Waldenus Abbas Croilandiae rogatus k suis ut transferret 
reliquias D. Guthlaci. 

Facta est D. Guthlaci translatio anno Dni 1106. anno 
primo Stephani regis. 

Super kpidem vero decurio quidam Robertus de Grandi- 
neto, mirae gravitatis veteranus, omni[um] religiosorum 
amator, conductis aurifabrorum et gemmariorum primori- 
bus elimatae amplitudinis artificiosae sculpturae repam in 
sublime suspensam construxit, quam ex diversorum metal- 
lorum lignorumque generibus compactam, auri argentique 
laminis vestitam, crystallis variisque gemmis adornatam 
ditavit, sicut usque in hodiemum humanis visibus apparet. 

[* Marginal note.] 



126 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Croyland. Villula quaedam, patrio idiomate Caua' nomen sortita, 
sita est in confinio fluminis Humbrensis. Anno imperii regis 
Stephani 12. decurio quidam mag. audaciae miles Regitml- 
dus de Cornubia comitis Gileberti Gandensis ditioni et 
honori militabat, et in ejus expeditionibus ad tempus tyro- 
cinabatur. Cum vero comes ille in transmarinis partibus iter 
fo. 5- agens non modicum nummorum censum k negotiatoribus 
mutuatus fuisset; eundem Reinaldum vadem et obsidem 
eorum mancipatui obligavit, etc. ut Reinaldus ibidem non 
redemptus manserit, et tandem domum rediens captus gra- 
viss. phrenitide liberatus sit precibus Guthkci. 

Quidam monachus impulsore Wlfuuino Priore redegit li- 
bellum Felicis de vita D. Guthkci in epitomen, cujus 
exemplar fuit in eodem codice quo liber Felicis. 

£ libro de Abbatibus Croilandensis Monasterii* et 
rebus ab eis gestis 

Kenulphus primus Abbas, k quo Kenulphestane adhuc 
dicitur lapis quem ipse pro limite contra Depinges*" posuit. 

Patritius secundus. 

Sukardus 3. 

Theodorus 4. 

Godricus $• 
Variis bellorum tempestatibus Angl. postmodum pertur- 
bata et k barbaris sub ducibus Hinguar, et Halfden, ac 
Guthrun, aliisque tyrannis supervenientibus k Dacia Nore- 
gama, Aiigligenarum regum, qui naturaliter Angliae prae- 
fuerant, mutatione facta, Croilandense monaster, depopula- 
tum est sicut alia plurima, omamenta sua sibi sunt sublata, 
et villae destructae, laicisque contra Canonicum jus in 
dominium redactae. 
6. Ad^. Tempore Edredi regis, filii Edwardi Senioris, Turketillus 
q|uidam clericus Londoniensis fuit, qui k praefato rege ut 
sibi Croilandiam donaret expetiit: cui rex quod petierat 

[* Monasteriis MS.} 



« Cave, near HulL 

b The Deepings, low fens in Lincolnshire. 



APPENDIX 127 

libenter annuit. Brat enim idem clericus de r^ali progenie Croyland. 
cognatus Osketeli Ebor. metropolitani^ multas habens divi- 
tias magnasque possessiones, quas omnes parvi pendebat 
propter aetemas mansiones. Croilandiam quippe, ut dixi- 
mus, non pro augendis fundis k rege poposcerat, sed quia 
religiosos ibi viros esse cognoverat. 

Ordinatis itaque prudenter rebus suis Croilandiae, mona- 
chus factus est. £t aucta ibidem studio ejus monachorum 
congregatione, Abbas eorum effectus. 

Hie Turketillus, ut diximus, vir magnae generositatis fuit, 
et 60. maneria de patrimonio parentum suorum possedit, 
pro quorum animabus sex villas, scilicet Wenlingburch et 
Bebi, Writhorp, Elmingtonam, Coteham et Hokintonam' 
Croilandensi ecclesiae dedit, et testamentum idem sigillo 
strenuiss. regis signatum confirmavit. 

Egericus nepos ejus successit. EgeHcus 

Successit et alter Egericus de ejus cognatione. ^^^, '^^' 

Osketellus magnae nobilitatis monachus ejusdem loci ^^^2^ 
successit • OskiMus 

Porro Leuina soror ejus Osketelli abb. Enolphesbuiae ^ Abbas 91. 
domina erat, ubi tunc temporis corpus S. Neoti Abbatis et Lemna Dna 
Confessoris jacebat, sed dignum tanto viro servitium ibi ErmUphi 
tunc non fiebat. Undepraefatamulier Witleseiam*' accessit, ^'^^^ 
et fratrem suum Osketellum Abbatem illuc accersivit, ibique 
corpus S. Neoti, quod reverenter secum detulerat, monachis 
quos digniores se credebat tradidit. At illi munus k Deo 
sibi collatum gratanter susceperunt, et juxta altare S. Dei 
Genetricis Mariae in aquilonali parte honorabiliter colloca- 
verunt 

Godricus successit Godricus 

Brichtinerus successit Tunc temporis Pegelandae"* coeno- ^*^/J°* 
bium erat, cui nobilis vir Wulgeatus Abbas praeerat. Illic ^^J^,'^'*^ 
etenim S. Pega soror S. Gu^ci diu domino militaverat. 
Quae postquam venerandus frater ejus defunctus est aus- 

*• Wellingborough, Elmii^ton, and Writhorpe, Northants. ; Beeby, 
Leic; Cotenham and Hockmgton, Camb. See "Notes" on p. 146. 

^ Eynesbory, later St Neots, Hunts. 

^ Whittlesea. 

^ Peykirk, in Northants. — Pegelanda Monaster, inde vulgo Pekirke; 
et est Parochialis eoclesia distans 5. millibus pass, k Petriburgo, et tot- 
idem ^ Croilanda.— Afofjgiiia/ noU, 



128 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Croyland. 



Wi/geatHS 
Abbas 12. 
mfketdlus 
Abbas 13. 
fo. 6. 



Ingulphus 
Abbas 14. 



Gcisfrtdus 
{alias Jo ffri" 
dus) AMas 15. 

IValdenus 
Abbas 16. 



teriore labore vitam suam pro amore Christi examinare 
conata est; unde Romam adiit sanctorum Apostolorum 
liminna suplex pro se suisque requisivit, ibique 6. Idus 
Januarii vitam finivit. 

Postquam Brichtinerus Croilandiae Abbas 7. Idus April, 
obiit, VVlfgeatus Pegelandiae Abbas Edwardum regem 
Egelredi filium petiit ut greges 2. coenobiorum permitteret 
adunari, et sub uno Abbate unum conventum effici, quod 
ille statim benigne concessit. 

Wlfgeatus Abbas Croilandiae. 

Wlflketellus monachus Burgensis Croilandiae regimen k 
beato Edwardo jussu Leofrici Abbatis sui suscepit. 

Hie 24. annis Croylandiae praefuit, ecclesiamque novam, 
quia vetus ruinam minabatur, construere coepit. Ejus ad 
hoc opus, inspirante Deo, Wallevus comes Northampton, 
filius Siuardi Ducis Northumbr. adjutor fuit, et villam quae 
Bemetha dicitur Deo et S. Gudlaco dedit. Qui non multo 
post malignitate Normannorum, qui eum ingenti ejus pro- 
bitate metuerunt, injuste cum multorum luctu prid. Cal. 
Jun. Winton. decollatus est: et corpus ejus, Juditha uxore 
ejus rogante et Gul. rege permittente, ab Wlfketello Abbate 
Croilandiam delatum. Post non multum temporis, idem 
Abbas qui alienigena erat et Normannus exosus ab aemulis 
accusatus est, et k Lanfranco Archiepiscopo depositus, et 
Glestoniae claustro est deputatus. 

Deinde Ingulphus Fontinellensis monachus Abbat. Croi- 
landiae dono Gul. r^s recepit, et 24. annis plurima adversa 
perpessus* illam rexit. 

Hie Anglicus natione Hierosolym. petiit rediens mona- 
chus Fontinellae k Gerberto Abbate factus. 

Hie Croilandiae Abbas factus curavit ut Wlfketellus prae- 
decessor restitueretur Burgensi ecclesiae. Sub hoc Abbate 
pars ecclesiae cum officinis combusta. 

Fecit corpus Gualdeui comitis transferri de capitulo in 
ecclesiam. 

Goisfredus Aurelianensis successit A^ D^ 1109, jussu 
regis Henrici. Monachus fuit in coenobio S. Ebrulfi. 

Novam basilicam et alia bona quamplura inchoavit. 

Waldenus monachus Croilandiae successit, et 12. annis 

[* Hearne's reading. The MS. hzspcrpessa perpessus J] 



APPENDIX 



129 



praefuit. Accusatus k suis depositus est ab Alberico legato 
tempore Stephani. 

Godefridus Prior monasterii S. Albani successit et 4. 
annis praefuit. 

Edwardus monachus et Prior Ramesiensis, et praefuit 30. 
annis. Hujus tempore iterum combusta ecclesia cum 
officinis in die Nativitatis S. Mariae, sed iterum ab eo et 
fratribus in melius reaedificata. 

Robertus monachus de Radinges et Prior de Leonminstrae 
successit. 

Hie partes aliquot ecclesiae reaedificavit. 

Henricus frater Gul.de Longo Campo, cancellari Richardi 
r^;is et episcopi Eliensis. Hie erat Monachus Eoveshamcnsis. 
praefuit strenue 46 [annis].* 

Richardus monachus et celerarius Bardene successit 
Hie latus ecclesiae versus aquilonem prostravit e in melius 
reformavit. 

Novale quod Asewic dicitur ex natiss. producebat marisco; 
et novale quod dicitur Dunedale incepit Infirmanam con- 
struxit. Undecim annis praefuit. 

Thomas de Welle monachus Croilandiae successit. Sex 
annis praefuit 

Radulphus de Merch monachus Croilandiae successit. 
Adquisivit manerium de Gedeney, ecclesiam de Quappelode 
in proprios usus et advocationem ecclesiae de Eston. 

Impetravit et k Dn5 rege Henrico mercata de Quappelade, 
de Baston, et Croyland; et warennam in maneriis suis de 
Croilande, Langetoft. Baston, Tetford, Burethorp, Buken- 
hale, Halinton," Dunedik, Quappelade,** Holbech et Asewik. 
Nen et Weland ^uvii. (Quappelode, vulgo Hoppelode, 
forum etiam nunc prope minorem maris eruptionem versus 
villam S. Botolphi. 

Baston hoc tempore forum non habet. Est autem villa in 
Kestevene, et distat k Buma® foro 3. pass, millibus.) 

Frontem ecclesiae occidentalem cum turrellis vi ventorum 
confractis reparavit. 

[* Dugdale and Heame.] 



Croyland. 

Godefridus 
Abbas 17. 

Etbuardus 
Abbas 1%, 



Robertus 
Abbas 19. 

Henricus 
Abbas 2D, 



Richardus 
Abbas 21. 



Sic. 



Thomas VuelU 
Abbas 22. i 

Radulphus 2'^. 



* Thetford, Birthorpe, Bucknall, Hallington. 
»> Whaplode. See p. 147. 
II. K 



Bourn. 



I30 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Croyland. Fecit et turrim ecclesiae ultra chorum. 

Fecit capelkm S. Martini juxta portam eleemosynariam. 
Praefuit 26. annis. Obiit 1281. 

RichardusdeCroiland24. Simon de Luff 25. Henricusde 
Casewike 26. Thomas de Bern 27. Joannes de Asscheby 
28. Thomas de Overton 29. Richardus de Upton 30. 
Joannes deLitlington 31. Joannes Vischbiche 32. Richardus 
Croyland 33. Lambertus Fossedik 34. Edmundus Thorp 
35. Philippus Evererde: Gulielmus Gedying: Richardus 
Berdeney; John Wellis ultimus. 

fo. 7. Epitaphium Waldevi comitis^ comprehendens summatim 
Vitam et Passionem, nee non et quaedam miracula ejus- 
dem comitis, editum k Gulielmo Monacho Croilando. 

Illustriss. celebrique memoria ac laude dignus Gualdeuus, 
quondam comes Northampton et Huntendon, Siwardi mag- 
nifici ducis Northumbrorum filius, vir magnanimus et in 
armis strenuus, Deoque nihilominus extitit devotus: Qui 
ducta in uxorem nepte Juditha Qui. Bastardi regis Anglo- 
rum, cum quorundam magnatum Anglicanorum, adversus 
eundem regem, in transmarinis partibus tunc agentem, con- 
spirantium, ipsorum praeventus insidiis compulsioneque 
Su, coactus, consilio ac consilio interfuisset; ductusque poeni- 
tentia apud Lanfrancum Archiepiscopum Cantuar. puram 
super haec fecisset confessionem : ex ejusdem Archiepiscopi 
consilio regem in Normannia adiens, eique rem ex ordine 
pandens, ipsius misericordiae ac beneplacito se commisit 
Rex autem in Angliam remeans, judicioque curiae suae 
quosdam praedictorum conspiratorum perpetua incarcera- 
tione damnans, quosdam oculis erutis vel manibus truncatis 
debilitans, quosdam k finibus Angliae terrae exterminans, 
Gualdevum comitem, k Juditha uxore sua quod esset prodi- 
tionis conscius accusatum, apud Wintoniam per annum 
carcerali mancipavit custodiae: ubi ille commissa sua de- 
flens, crebroque viris religiosis in spiritu humilitatis et in 
animo contrito confitens, Psalterium quoque quod in infantia 
didicerat cottidie psallens, ad Deum Deique cultum tota 
mente se convertit. Postea vero k Normannis qui aemuli 
ejus erant, et praedia honoresque ipsius ambiebant, laesae 
majestatis mortisque reus in curia regis judicatus in monte 



APPENDIX 



131 



extra civitatem Winton. ij. Cal. Jun. mane capitalem senten- Croyland. 
tiam suscepit, ibique corpus ejus in fossa viliter est pro- 
jectum, et viridi cespite coopertum. In cujus decoUatione 
illud miraculosum ac menioria dignum fertur contigisse: 
videlicet, quod cum ille flexis genibus, oculis ac manibus 
in coelum intentus Orationem Dominicam incepisset, sed 
nimietate fletus ac singultus vocem ejus intemimpente ipsam 
complete nequisset; post capitis amputationem, cun[c]tis 
qui adherant audientibus, clara et articulata voce eandem 
complevit, dicens, Sed libera nos k niaio. Amen. Post 
quindecim autem dies, Juditha uxore ejus petente, regeque 
permittente, Wlketellus Abbas Croilandiae corpus S. comitis 
adhuc integrum, ac ita cruentatum, ac si eadem die vir Dei 
interemptus esset, Croikndiam deferri fecit, ipsumque in 
capitulo monachorum reverenter sepelivit. Super cujus 
tumulum, ut quidam ferunt, cum processu temporis Juditha, 
poenitentia ducta, pannum sericum obtulisset, divina vir- 
tute, velut venti vehementis impulsu, idem pannus longius 
est projectus. Cum vero Ingulphus Abbas Croilandiae 
corpus S. comitis decimo sexto ejus decoUationis anno k 
capitulo in ecclesiam faceret transferri, ipsum omnino inte- 
grum, sicut in die qua sepultum fuerat, caput quoque 
corpori conjunctum repertum est, filum tantum rubeum 
habens in coUo quasi pro signo decoUationis. Translato 
autem corpore sancto, et honorifice per altare tumulato ob 
sancti merita multa ibidem miracula in languidorum cura- 
tione divina virtus ostendit. Ubi cum ex devotione populus 
catervatim conflueret, et quidam monachus natione Nor- Audinus 
mannus adventantes derideret, nee non adversus sanctum fnonachus, 
probrosa ac detrectatoria verba proferret, ac ab Abbate 
Josfrido super haec correptus, sed non correctus in pravilo- 
quio pertinaciter perseveraret, coram eodem Abbate subita 
aegritudine in praecordiis percussus, post paucos dies diem 
clausit extremum. Sequenti vero nocte, cum idem Abbas de 
his et aliis quae miraculose acciderant in lecto suo deyota 
mente tractaret, tandem somno obrepente vidit in visione 
Sanctos Dei Barptolomaeum Apostolum et Gudlacum con- 
fessorem albis sacerdotalibus indutos secum ad sancti comitis 
tumulum assistentes. Apostolus vero ut videbatur caput fo. 8. 
comitis corpori redint^ratum dicebat, Acephalus non est^ 
cui S. Gudlacus, qui ad pedes stabat, respondit, Comes hie 



132 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Bartholomaeus Juit Apostolus autem inceptum versum metrice perfecit, 
versijicus. dicens, At modo rex est, Quam visionem cum Abbas 
Croyland. fratribus intimasset ipsos tam ad impendendam reliquiis S. 
comitis dignam reverentiam, quam ad persolvendas devotas 
laudes, qui mirabilis est Sanctis suis vehementer accendit. 
Post plurimorum vero curricula annorum Henricus Abbas 
Croilandiae tumbam marmoream sancti comitis imagine 
sculpta insignitam parari fecit: in qua, secus gradus magni 
altaris k sinistra parte in loco decenti et eminenti consti- 
tutam, reliquias S. comitis i6. Cal. Apr. astante et psallente 
conventu cum debita transtulit devotione anno Domini 
1219. k decollatione ejusdem comitis 129. 

Epitaphium metrice ejusdem comitis ab eodem Gulielmo 
editum. 

Hie, Waldeve comes, tumularis et incineraris, 
Parte tamen meliore tui super astra locaris. 
Et merito. Nam cum juvenis in carne fuisti 
Mortuus huic mundo coelestia regna petisti. 
Cum fieres gemini comitatus clarus honore, 
Clarior extiteras mentis morumque nitore. 
Firma fides, stabilis spes, puri fervor amoris 
Te collustrarunt intemi luce decoris. 
Tu qui praeclarus praeclara stirpe fuisti, 
Praeclaris meritis praeclarius enituisti. 
Tu qui Marte potens famosa trophaea tulisti, 
Temet vicisti felicius ac domuisti. 
Tu qui dives opum per opes inopes relevasti 
In coelo tibi thesauros hac arte parasti. 
Sed te plus quam Job muliere Sathan mediante 
Tentavit, propria tibi conjuge fata parante. 
Haec accusavit. Rex credidit, et tibi mortem 
Intulit, assignans cum damnatis tibi fortem. 
En novus Herodes, mulieris se superari 
Saeva fraude sinens, te jussit decapitari. 
Rubra crurore tuo quondam Vintonia luxit, 
Exuviis post freta tuis Croilanda reluxit. 
Quam felix locus hie thesaurus cui datur iste. 
Per quem languentes curat tua gratia Christe! 
Clare comes, praecharae Deo, Gualdeve beate, 
Wilhelmi sint quaeso tui laudes tibi gratae. 



APPENDIX 133 

£x altero libello de vita Gualdevi comitis, k Monacho, ut 
videtur, Croilanden. scripto, sed longe ante tempora 
Gulielmi, qui Gualdevi comitis epitaphium scripsit. 

Gualdevus, amplae prosapiae comes, filius Siwardi ducis 
Northanhumbr. filii Beom, filii Ulsii, filii Spratlingii, filii 
Ursi, multam familiaritatem Gul. regis Angliae et ducis 
Normanniae, qui Angliam adquisiverat, nactus est. Rex 
enim praeteritarum offensarum immemor magis illi virtuti 
attribuerat quam perfidiae, quod idem Waldevus in Ebor. 
pugnae plures Normannorum solus obtruncaverat, unos et 
unos per portas gradientes decapitans. Erat quippe nervosus 
lacertis, thorosus pectore, robustus et procerus toto corpore, 
filius, ut dictum est, Siwardi magnificentissimi ducis, quern 
diera Danico vocabulo, id est, fortem cognominabant. Post- 
modum praedictus Waldevus regi concordatus, Judithae * 
neptis ejus connubio et magna regis amicitia donatus est, 
pro nobilitate generis, et possessionum et proprietatum 
amplitudinem concessit ei rex Gul. totam terram suam paci- 
ficam, liberam et solutam, eique dedit ducendam in uxorem 
neptem suam Juetam, filiam comitis Lamberti de Lens, "* 
sororem nobilis viri Stephani comitis de Albermar[l]e, cum fo. 9. 
qua rex ei contulit et concessit omnes libertates quae sunt 
de honore de Huntendune. In celebratione vero matri- 
monii et nuptiarum nomine dotis contulit comes uxori suae 
omnes terras suas k flumine de Trente in austrum protensas : 
quae processu temporis ex viro suo duas filias suscepit, 
Mathildem videlicit et Aliciam. 

Succedente tempore perturbatio maxima in Anglia orta 
est, quae saeva nimis et dampnosa in multis in Anglia fuit. 
Duo enim potentissimorum Anglorum comites, Rogerus 
Herefordensis comes, filius Gulielmi, et sororius ejus Ra- 
dulphus Norwicen., pariter decreverunt, ut pariter regi re- 
bellarent, et principatu Angliae regi Gul. surrepto sibi jus 
immo tyrannidem assumerent. Praedictus quippe Rogerus 
Hereforden. comes, filius Gulielmi, Radulpho cognomento 
de War, comiti Norwicensi sororem suam contra praeceptum 
regis Gul. conjugem dedit, nuptiasque permagnificas cum 

[* Juditha filia comitissae Albemarlae, quae fuit soror uterina Gul. 
Nothi regis Anglia. — Marginal ftofe.] 



f 



134 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

plurima multitudine optimatum in Grantebrigensi provincia 
in villa quae dicitur Yxnige • celebrantes, magnam conjura- 
tionem plurimis assentientibus contra regem fecerunt. £t 
haec fraudulenter molientes, et ad conspirationem suam 
multos instigantes, etiam Gualdevum Northamton. et Hun- 
tendon, comitem accersunt, et multis eum modis ad con- 
sensum hortantur, etc. ut postea omnem rem poenitudine 
ductus Gualdevus I^nfranco episcopo Cantuar. aperuerit. 

Sed Hereforden. comiti, ne transvadata Sabrina Radulpho 
comiti ad locum destinatum cum suo exercitu occurreret, 
restitit Wlstanus. Wigorn. episcopus cum magna militari 
manu, et Ailwius Eoveshamensis Abbas cum suis, ascitis 
sibi in adjutorium Ursone de bello campo vicecomite Wigom. 
et Waltero de Lasceio cum suis copiis et cetera multitudine 
plebis. 

At vero Radulpho comiti, prope Cantabrigiam castrame- 
tanti, Odo Baiocensis episcopus, frater regis, et Josfridus 
Constant iensis episcopus, et Gul. de Warenna, et Richardus 
de Benefacta, filius Gileberti comitis praecipue regis justitiae, 
congregata magna copia tam Anglorum quam Normannorum, 
ad bellum parati occurrerunt, et contra seditiosos acriter 
dimicant, eosque expugnant. Ipse vero Radulphus comes 
inde evadens clanculo ad Norwicum confugit, et castello 
suae conjugi militibusque suis commendato ascensa navi 
in minorem Britanniam fugit. Quem fugientem omnes ad- 
versarii illius insecuti omnes quos de suis comprehendere 
poterant vel interemerunt, vel diversis modis debilitaverunt. 
Dein principes tam diu castellum obsederunt, quoad pace 
data comitissae cum suis exire de Anglia liceret. 
Gualdeuus Extra urbem Wintoniam dum adhuc populus dormiret, 
seairiper- ductus est in montem ubi nunc ecclesia S. Aegidii con- 
^^5^" structa est. 

fo. 10. Ex libello incerti Autoris de comitibus Huntendun. 

et Northampton. 

Tradunt relationes antiquorum, quod vir quidam nobilis, 
(quem dominus contra solitum ordinem humanae propaginis 
ex quodam albo urso patre muliere generosa matre pro- 

^ Ixning, on the border of Sufifolk. 



APPENDIX 135 

creari) Ursus genuit Spratlingum, Spratlingus Ulsium, Ulsius 
Beom, cogn. Beresun, id est, Ursi filium. Hie Beom Daeus 
fuit natione, conies egregius et miles illustris. In signum 
autem illius diversitatis speciei ex parte generantium produx- 
erat ei patemas auriculas scilicet Ursi. In aliis autem speciei 
matemae assimilabatur. Hie autem post multas virtutis ac 
militiae experientias filium genuit fortitudinis ac militiae 
patemae probum imitatorem. Nomen autem huic Siwardus, 
cog. Diere, i.e. Grossus; qui quasi supra se elatus prae gratia 
probitatis ei innatae natu[ra]le * solum habuit contemptui, 
patri suo jure hereditario succedere vilipendens. Jussitque 
navem sibi fortem et magnam praeparari, et bene muniri in 
cunctis necessariis, tam in armamentis navis quam in vic- 
tualibus et armaturis corpori humano congruentibus. Quo 
facto eandem ingressus cum quinquaginta militibus probis 
et praeelectis sibi associatis mare conscendit, velaque ventis 
applicans tandem apud Orkeniam portum invenit salubrem. 
In insula ilia habitabat draco quidam, qui erat non solum 
in bestiis verum etiam in populo strages maxima. Cuique 
fama ad aures Siwardi rerum gesta deferente, cum eo pugnam 
inire satagebat, non operas locans arenariorum more, sed 
robor corporis et animi virtutem in hoc declarans eum 
devicit, et ab insula effiigavit. Reversusque navem ingressus 
aquam remis sollicitans processu temporis Northumbrelande 
applicuit, ibique alterius draconis fama ad aures ejus con- 
volavit, quem cum quaereret, ut eum similiter vel effugaret 
vel interficeret, videt collem quendam arduum, et hominem 
senem in summitate sedentem, ad quem cum se divertisset 
ut rumores de dicto dracone inquireret, in coUe residens 
eum suo proprio nomine salutans, sic allocutus: Siwarde, 
bene tumi qua de causa iter istud proficisceris^ videlicet ut vires 
cum drcuone experiaris, Sed in vanum ladcras^ eum invenire 
non poteris; sed revertere ad socios tuos^ et dicam quid tibi 
acddere fatatum est,f Cum navem fueris ingressus^ statim 
aura tibi dabitur grcUa^ et prospero cursu cum vela ventis 
applicueris^ portum invenies saluberrimum influmine quodam 
cui nomen Tamisia, quem cum conscenderis tandem reperies 

[* Corrected by Heame.] 

[t Id €sty fiaito destinattim est Vide DaFresnii Gloss, med. et infim. 
Ladn. voc Fatarb.— Hbarnb.] 



136 LELAND'S ITINERARY . 

civitatem quandam cut applicabis; {notnen autem ejus Lon- 
donium.) ibidemque regem illius regni invemes, qui te in 
servitio suo retinebit, et terram sine mag, morae dispendio tibi 
conferet Siwardus autem respondit, se non adhibere fidem 
ejus sermonibuSy et si sic reverteretur socii sui illud tanquam 
Jigmentum arbitrareniur, Senex autem k sinu suo quoddam 
vexillum extraxit, et ei tribuit, quo facilius socii ejus ei 
fidem adhiberent. Nomen etiam vexillo idem imposuit senex 
Ravenlandeye, quod interpretatur corvus terrae terror. Quo 
accepto Siwardus ad socios suos rediens, navim ingressus 
est, et juxta senis vaticinia post multas maris fluctuantis 
inundationes demum Londinium applicuit, ubi regem 
Edovardum invenit, ad quem sine mora pervenit rumor de 
adventu Siwardi : ad quem rex nuncios destinavit, ut ad se 
veniret, cum eo colloquium habituros apud Westmonaste- 
rium. Siwardus autem annuit reverenter, et cum eo non 
fo. II. nimio habito sermone retinuit eum rex in servitio suo, cui 
promisit se primum honorem collaturum, qui in regno suo 
ad manus ejus deveniret. Quo facto, ^ rege licentia impe- 
trata, Siwardus cum sociis suis versus London, pedes re- 
versus est, cui super pontem quendam, ^ monasterio non 
longe distantem, obviabat comes de Huntendune, Tosti 
nomine, Dacus natione. Rex autem eundem odio habuit, 
quia duxerat in uxorem filiam comitis Goduini, sororem 
reginae. Dictus vero comes adeo super ponticulum ilium se 
Siwardo approximavit, quod pelles ejus pedibus suis lutosis 
defoedavit. (Mos utique erat nobilibus tunc temporis pelli- 
bus uti absque panno.) Cujus rei caussa sanguis circa cor 
ejus accensus eum in iram vehementem exarsit. Tempera- 
batur autem, nee confestim ad vindictam properabat, quia 
dedecus illud ei fuit allatum, cum inferens adversus Dnl sui 
curiam proficisceretur. Sustinebat autem super eundem 
ponticulum cum sociis suis immobilis existens, quous- 
que dictus Tosti \ curia rediret; quo redeunte, Siwardus 
extracto gladio ei caput amputavit, quod sub pellibus ejus 
in manibus gestans ad curiam regressus est. Et rogavit 
regem, ut juxta pollicitationem regiam ei conferret domi- 
nium et honorem de Huntendun, quam tunc a domino 
vacare asserebat. Rex autem admirans, quia comes ille 
paulo ante ab eo recesserat, credit sermone ejus [plus] quam 
joculationis quam veritatis continere. Ad haec Siwardus, 



APPENDIX 137 

ejus interitum asserens, in signum infallibile rei gestae, ante 
pedes regis caput abscissum projecit. Et rex confestim 
juxta promissum, quod inviolabile voluit observare, contulit 
[ei] honorem de Huntendune, et eundem inde comitem 
investivit. Comes autem Siwardus k curia regressus invenit 
socios suos, qui conflictum inierant cum hominibus inter- 
fecti adhuc dimicantes. Conflictu autem in adventu ejus 
excrebrescente homines Tostii gladio perierunt, et humati 
fuerunt in territorio quodam prope London. Et in memo- 
riam rei sic gestae constructa fuit ibi ecclesia quaedam, quae 
ecclesia Daconim appellata est usque in hodiemum diem. 
Postea vero aliquibus annorum circulis revolutis, accidit 
quod Norrenses guerram moverent regi, qui vacillando 
haesitabat quid sibi melius foret facturum. Qui tandem 
animo et consilio concordi Northumb. Cumbreland et West- 
merland comiti Siwardo contulit, eundem comitem inde 
investiendo, qui terram illam undecunque pacificavit, et 
contumelias et injurias regi illatas per multa vindicavit, ut 
effectus negotii antiquae Anglorum historiae consonet, 
spiritu quasi prophetico concinenti: quod promdentia divina 
nasci permitteret ex specie rei irrationcUis cum rationcUi cam- 
mixtae^ scilicet ex urso et muliere^ hotninem qui vindicaret 
regem Angliae illustrem et gloriosum ab inimicis suis. Quod 
totum adimpletum fuit in comite Siwardo, vindicante inva- 
siones et oppressiones S. r^i Edwardo illatas. Processu 
vero temporis multis Siwardi viribus et virtutibus expertis, 
accidit quod rex Scotonim, Duneval nomine, k regno suo 
fuit ejectus; qui instanter rogavit comitem Siwardum, ut 
sibi contra malevolos auxilium praestaret, et consilium. 
Cujus petitioni comes obtemperans, exercitum congregavit, 
in subsidium regis usque ad Dunde progrediens. ubi nun- 
ciatum fuit ei, quod homines sui de Northumbreland jam in 
eum et suos adeo insurrexerant quod Osbertum Bulax 
filium suum interfecerant. Comes autem reverti compulsus, 
ira fervente commotus, bipenni, quam in manu gestabat, 
globum quendam lapideum ictu vahdiss. secuit, vestigiis fo. 12. 
adhuc imminentibus, terramque, quam contra regis inimicos 
viribus invaserat et occupaverat, ipsi regi restituit: ad pro- 
pria remeans inimicos suos et maleficos gladiis et aliis tor- 
mentorum generibus perimens et trucidans. His autem tem- 
poribus genuit sibi filium comitem illustrem et generosum 



138 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Juditha. 



Hundredus 
de FackeUve^ 
alias Faciei, 



Waldevum nomine, et post multos annorum revolutiones 
quasi senio decrepitus in civitate Eboraco fluxu ventris in- 
temperate laborans aegrotabat, et vexillum suum, de quo 
supra mentio habebatur, Ravenlandeye contulit civibus 
Eboracensibus, tunc fuit reconditum in ecclesia S. Mariae 
veteris. Morbo autem dicti comitis ingravescente, etsi cor- 
poris, non tamen animi fortitudinis expers, dixit, ^uod turpe 
et dtdecus inaestimabik esset^ si fortiss, tnilitum morbo 
vaccarum praegraoatus more moreretur vaccino, Jussitque 
suis circumstantibus, at eum erigerent, et eum lorica sua 
impenetrabili succingerent, et omnibus insigniis militaribus 
sese sic erectum induerent. Qui sic insignitus, membris 
erectis, vultu ad Deum elevato, viam universae carnis in- 
gressus est. 

Cui successit per omnia in possessionibus et proprietatibus 
filius suus comes Waldevus, qui non interfuit conflictui, cum 
dux Gul. Bastardus Anglos oppressit et devicit 

Reliqua de Gualdeuuo comite quaere paulo supra in libello 
de ejus vita. 

Quae sequuntur de Juetta, sive Juditha, in eodem sunt 
libello quo * superiora de Siwardo comite. 

Comitissa autem Jueta, comitis Waldevi relicta, post de- 
cessum domini sui cum duabus filiabus suis dominationem 
habuit honoris de Huntendune, qui ei nomine dotis fuerat 
collatus, et ibidem moram faciebant quousque rex eam voluit 
tradere nuptui cuidam militi Francigenae nomine Simoni 
Sylvanectensi, scilicet de Seint \al, Venerant enim duo 
milites fratres Francigenae in subsidium r^s eidem servituri 
cum quadraginta militibus quos secum adduxerant, quibus 
nomen Guamerus le Riche et Simon de Seint Liz; nomen 
autem patris eorum Ranulphus le Riche. Post cujus obitum 
Guamerus primogenitus ejus natale solum repetiit, ut patri 
in bonis succederet. Simon autem junior remansit cum 
rege : cui rex contulit villam de Northampton et hundredum 
de Fackeley,f quod tunc valebat 40. libras annuas, ut inde 
in equorum suorum ferratura sibi provideret Qui primo 
construxit castrum de Northamton et abbatiam S. Andreae. 



[♦ MS. has "quae."] 

[t FalkeUy in John Brompton's Chronicle, ed. Twysden, 1652, 
p. 975.] 



APPENDIX 139 

Postea vero cum per tempus non modicum stetisset in ser- 
vitio regis, cum non esset contentus possessionibus quas ei 
rex contulerat, rogavit regem ut sibi possessiones ampliaret, 
et ut in uberiori respiceret emolumento: cujus petitionibus 
rex favens voluit ei neptem suam relictam Waldeui matri- 
monialiler associare. Quae instanter renuit, quia in parte 
claudicabat. Rex autem ob hoc in indignationem prorupit, 
et fervore irae succensus contulit dicto Simoni totum hono- 
rem de Huntendune sicut ad manus r^ias devolutum: et ex 
tunc fuit dictus idem Simon comes de Northampton et 
Huntendune scilicet, et omnes terras et possessiones illis 
pertinentes diu possedit. Comitissa vero Juetta latitando 
fugit per mariscum de Ely, et alias cum filiabus latebras 
quaerendo prae timore regis et comitis Simonis. Tandem fo. 13. 
vero cum dictus Simon adhuc esset solutus, consilium iniit 
cum amicis et fidelibus suis de uxore sibi associanda. 
Tractatu vero super hoc habito omnes unanimi assensu con- 
sulerunt, ut primogenitam Waldeuui supradicti duceret in 
uxorem. Timebatur enim in retentia ilia, utrum r^num 
Angliae remaneret sub potestate Normannorum, an ad 
dominium Anglorum reverteretur? Unde provido delibera- 
tum fuit consilio, quod si Normanni regni occupatum reti- 
nerent, haberet comitatus praefatos, tanquam ex collatione 
regia ei concessos. Si vero Angli convalescerent, haberet 
saltem honorem de Himtendune ratione uxoris suae, quae 
jure hereditario patri succedere deberet. Consilio quidem 
sic praelocuto, comes Simon Mathildam primogenitam Wal- 
deui sibi matrimonialiter associavit, et tunc ex terra ilia 
quadraginta milites hereditarie investivit. Quorum heredes 
pro magna parte easdem terras possident, nee eis unquam 
privati fuerunt, etsi circa dominos capitales variae factae 
fuerunt mutationes. Dictus autem Simon Aliciam sororem 
uxoris fuae tradidit in uxorem nobili viro Radulpho de 
Tony • cum centum libratis terrae de honore de Huntendune 
cum Welchamestow, Kercelinges et aliis terris et possessioni- 
bus. Comes autem Simon processu temporis ex Mathilda 
comitissa prolem procreavit Simonem Waldeuum et Mathil- 
dam. Waldeuus postea fuit Abbas de Mailros. Mathilda 
tradita quidem fuit nuptui Roberto filio Richardi, ex quo sus- 

[* Toneio interlined. 



I40 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

cepit prolem Walteram filium Roberti nomine. Simon autem 
comes Northampton et Huntendune post multos annorum 
circulos vexillo cnicis insignitus peregre proficiscens Hiero- 
solym. adiit, et successu prospero ad propria remeavit. 
Iterum autem urbem peregrinalem zelo dei accensus adire 
anhelans, iter arripuit, propositoque frustratus in itinere ad 
patres suos uppositus est; apud prioratum de charitate 
mortuus et ibidem sepultus. Ejus autem relicta cum prole 
suscepta et terns et possessionibus fuit in manu regis Hen- 
rici primi, qui ante reginam sibi associaverat Mathildam 
sororem Alexandri regis Scotonim et David fratris ejus. 

David autem rogavit regem Henricum, ut comitissam 
Mathildam, Simonis relictam, ei concederet ducendam in 
uxorem. Rex autem annuit monitis et petitionibus reginae 
perductus, et sic habuit possessionem comitissae et comitatus 
ac parvulorum custodiam. Non longe vero post Alexander 
rex Scotorum defunctusest: cui successit in regnum comes 
David, qui postea ex Mathilda regina sua genuit sibi filium 
nomine Henricum. Parvuli ante ex Simone et Mathilda pro- 
creati, qui fuerant in custodia David, adducti fuerunt in 
Normanniam, et commissi custodiae Stephani comitis Albe- 
marle avunculi matris eorum, et in tantum sub ejus tutela 
educati, q°d Simon primogenitus insignia militaria una cum 
Gul. comite filio comitis Stephani, unde Henricus rex 
Angliae indignationem conceperat. Henricus autem filius 
regis David frater uterinus dicti Simonis secundi cum ad 
plenam pubertatem devenisset gladio militari accinctus duxit 
in uxorem comitissam Ade sororem Gul. comitis Warennae, 
qui genuit ex ea Malcolinum, et Gul. postea regem Scotto- 
rum, et fratrem eorum comitem David et filias aliquot. 
Morte autem praeventus patre adhuc superstite succubuit. 
Simon autem de Seint Liz secundus multotiens solicitavit 
regem petitionibus et interpellationibus, ut ei hereditatem 
suam restitueret, qui tamen rege vivente nunquam potuit 
fo. 14. exaudiri. Sed post regis decessum castra Northamton et 
Huntendun occupavit, et ea cum terns adjacentibus et per- 
tinentiis toto tempore vitae suae possedit, et duxit in uxorem 
Ysabellam comitissam filiam Roberti comitis Leycestriae, qui 
fuit postea Justiciarius Angliae effectus, ex qua genuit 
Simonem de Seint Liz tertium, et duas filias, quibus nomen 
Amicia et Hawise. Post decessum autem Simonis secundi, 



APPENDIX 141 

filius ejus, Simon tertius cum terra sua fuit sub tutela Henrici 
regis secundi per quinque annos vel amplius. Ita quod rex 
proposuit adire Tolosam ut earn expugnaret: quo secum 
adduxit Malcolmum regem Scottorum et reddidit ei honorem 
de Huntendun, retentis tamen sibi castro et burgo North- 
amton. dum tamen comes Simon tertius more pupilli adhuc 
esset tutelae commissus. Sic autem ingressus honorem de 
Huntendun rex Scotorum quamdiu vixerat eum possedit: 
adeo quod comiti Simoni super hoc licet multoties requisita 
semper tamen denegata fuit justitia. Defuncto vero rege 
Malcolino successit ei in solidum GuL frater ejus. Cujus 
etiam temporibus non potuit dictus Simon gratiam impetrare 
quousque rex Henricus tertius primogenitus regis Henrici 
Angliae secundi, et dictus Gul. rex Scotorum, et David frater 
ejus, et comes Leycestriae, et alii nobiles et magnates insur- 
rexerunt in regem Henricum. Rex autem qui tunc temporis 
degebat in partibus transmarinis scripsit nobilibus viris 
Richardo de Lucy, qui tunc erat justiciarius Angliae, et 
comiti GuL et aliis magnatibus fidelibus suis ut exercitum 
congregarent Angl. et progrederentur ad obsidendum et 
expugnandum castrum de Huntedon, et totum honorem 
traderent comiti Simoni, et obsidionem ejus ordinationi 
committerent. Quo facto de judicio curiae regiae et Baronum 
regni adjudicatus fuit comiti Simoni totus honor de Hunt- 
endon tanquam spectans ad eum jure hereditario. Aliis 
autem, qui prius ilium occupaverant, abjudicatus fuit et 
merito, quia guerram fecerunt regi de eodem tenemento, 
unde ei homines sui fuerant et fideles esse debuerant. 

His ita per ordinem peractis, recessit Justiciarius cum 
Baronibus quam plurimis : comes autem Simon in obsidione 
et exercitu quasi dux remansit, ibidem moram faciens usque 
ad adventum regis, cui confestim castrum tradebatur. Comes 
autem Simon terras suas circumgirans terris et possessionibus 
milites suosditavit, his quiei servierant abundanter stipendia 
refundens. Hominibus autem, qui per Scottos ejecti fuerant, 
jura sua integre restituit, et sic honorem de Huntendune 
tota vita sua tempore regis Henrici sine querela et conten- 
tione pacifice possedit. lUi etiam quos ipse investierat, post 
obitum suum, cum etiam terra esset in manu regis fere per 
annum sibi collata possederunt, quousque rex Henricus 
honorem de Huntendon Gul. regi Scotorum, qui eum con- 



142 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

tinuo contulit David fratri suo: qui quidem comes absque 
vocatione et judicio omnes illos ejecit, quos comes Simon 
ultimus introduxerat, una cum multis de hiis, qui per Simo- 
nem patrem suum fuerant introducti. Per haec autem quod 
comes Simon, qui militari virtute adeo prae aliis fulgebat, 
nunquam interpellavit regem per se vel alium de capit. 
hereditate sua, videlicet Northumbreland, Westmerland, 
Cumbreland, quam pater et avus uxoris suae obtinuerant; 
nee postea rex David, qui relictam suam duxerat in uxorem ; 
nee post Simon comes medius, qui viribus, sapientia, probi- 
tate alios praecellebat; nee postea Malcolmus rex, nee rex 
Gul. frater ejus, nee Simon comes ultimus, nee Mathilda 
comitissa; liquidum est, et juri consonum, quod tria ilia ad 
ordinationem r^s et arbitrium fuerant devoluta. 

Stow, Ex • Prologo Gocelini ' Monachi Bertiniani in Vitam 

^o- 82 ^- d. Yvonis Episcopi. 

St. Ives, Quae de vita beati Yvonis referuntur a Venerabili Abbate 
Hunts. Andrea celebrata noscuntur. 

Per^rfe profectus est Andreas Abbas Hierosolymam: No- 
men Yvonis in Graecia clarum. 

Hie ergo gratia hujus patris (Yvonis) sanctiss. paulo 
brevius collegi. 

Gocelinus red^t in epitomen librum Andreae de Vita 
S. Yvonis. 

Ex libro Gocelini de vit^ S. Yvonis. 

^ Yvo Episcopus ex Perside oriundus. 

Yvo in Graecia 
Yvo in Roma 

Yvo a Gallia in Britanniam transmisit. 
Yvo pervenit ad Huntendune in provintia Merciorum. 
Yvo delegit sibi sedem in Slepa t villa. 

[* From Ex Prologo to the paragraph ending Huniedun Pmovituicu^ 
p. 144, is found in Stow, fo. 82, only. See note before, p. 117.] 
[t Slepe, now St. Ives. Slepa distat septem passus mille a Rjiinesia, 
ibus ab Huntenduno.— ^a^'no/ note,"] 



tril 



* Joscelin of Bertin, near St Omer, Pas de Calais. 



APPENDIX 143 

Yvonis reliquiae plus minus centum lustris in Slepa St. Ivet, 
delituere. Hunts. 

Rusticus impresso molitus vomere terram 
Impegit in hoc sacrosanctum Sarcophagum. 

Monachus praepositus Slepensis villae Ednothum Abba- 
tem inventi sepulchri admonet 

Ednothus venit et ulteriorem spem pertentans sepulchra 
duorQ socioru Yvonis una cum monimento Patricii cujus- 
dam invenit, raptosque idem in ecclesia cum ipso b^to 
Yvone in tempus decentioris translationis composuit Yvo 
sepultus vestibus pontificiis una cum calicae deaurato. 

Ut etiam res magis innotescat ex claritudine generis Mo- fo. 83. 
nachi Praepositi Slepensis villae. Is erat sanctiss. atque 
illustrissimo Ebor. Praesulae Oswaldo nobili advunculo, 
germano quoque pollens cenobiali et priori equivoco Os- 
waldo, ut liber ejus versificus testis est, erudito tam devotb 
in Domino ut abstineret oblato Pontificio. 

Inventio reliquiarum Yvonis decem annis a morte Ethel- 
wini fundatoris Ramesiensis Monaster.* sepultus est Ethel- 
winus in eodem Monasterio quod edificaverat. 

Ex Libello de translatione Yvonis et ejus Miraculis. 

Famosissimus Abbas Germanus Floriacensis institutionis 
qui praeto (predicto) Oswaldo Archipraesuli diu adhaeserat, 
quem inde glorisissimus Rex Edgarus Monaster. S. Kenelmi 
Martiris Winchelcumbae ** praefecerat, filius quoque Edgari 
successor Ethelredus cenobio Celesige praeposuerat, quod 
suggestione Archiepus Sirici patema pietate constructum et 
dicatum Monachis ordinaverat pro sancti fris sui scilicet 
Edvardi regali martyrio, et pro r^ni muro. 

Cum hoc qui egregio consorte Germano egregius Pater 
Ednothus, R^e et Episcopis faventibus S. Yvonem et 
reliquos Sanctos secum repertos transtulit in Ramesiense 
habitaculum. 

Abbas Ednothus noto^ omnium fratrum ecclesiam con- ^ Sic. 
didit in honorem et memoriam beat! Yvonis in eodem scilicet 
loco tumba sua atque inventionis. 

Locus Mausolei nunc scatet fontani aqui. 

* Ramsey Abbey, Hants. ^ Winchcombe, Glouc. 



144 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

fo, 83 vo. Dedicat Ecclesiam Ramesiensis CoenobiL S. Yvonis 
St Ivfi antistes Siwardus, vir qui cum fratre Wlfredo per alta peri- 
cula maris et nationum gentilium Chrisd miles comprol^tus 
fuerat, qui pariter multis persecutionibus et opprobrijs invicti 
gentem petitam lucrati sunt Salvatori, et tandem gkdiatore 
deficiente in Angliam reversi sunt. 

Huic Dedicationi intererat cum cetu nobilium incl3rta 
Matrona Ethelfledis, orationibus jejuniis aliisque pietads 
actibus venerabilis, quae etiam Coenobium Enulphesbyriae 
honorific^ condidit, et magnified ditavit: his quoque quae 
sibi memorabilis heros, egregius eleemosynator, et devotus 
Dei cultor Ethelricus praetenderat, addidit. 

Bluntesham villa. 

S. Castrsberga opp: 

Reliquiae trium sociorum Yvonis in capsa argentea relata 
ad Slepam et in Ecclesia Yvoni sacra tempore Henrici R^is 
collocata. 

Paganus Peverel vendicabat sibi tempore Bernard! Abbatis 
duas villas Ramesiensis coenob : sed causi cecidit. 

Robertus Dapifer Pagani Peverel. Bugghedene' villa 
Huntedun Provinciae. 

PhilUppsMS., Doctor London.* 

William of William Perot, alias Wikam, because he was bom at 

Wickham. Wikam in Hampshire. Some suppose that he was a bastarde. 
Perot the paroche-clark's son of Wikam. 



[* Doctor John London, from whom Leland appears to have ob- 
tained these notes upon Wykeham, the first of which being misquoted 
greatly excited the wrath of Thomas Heame (see his Preface to vol. iv), 
held several preferments in and about Oxford from 1502 till his disgrace 
and death in 1543. Self-seeking, coarse and vile, he alternated his 
persecution of the Lutherans, even to death, with the visitation and 
spoliation of the monasteries, on which last he was employed from 1535 
to 1538. The heading ''Doctor London" is omitted in Plot's copy, 
Heame thus did not know he was the author of the objectionable re- 
marks in 171 1 (when he published vol. iv); later, however, he received 
a copy of these notes from a transcript in a Cottonian MS., which was 
headed ** Doctor London his reporte, out not true.'' This copy, printed 
in the Preface to Heame's vol. vii, needs correction by tne original 
at Cheltenham, here printed for the first time.] 



Buckden. 



APPENDIX 145 

Perot brought up by Mr. Wodale of Wikam, learned 
grammer and to write faire. 

The Conestable of Winchester-Casttele, at that time a 
grete ruler in Hamp-shire, got Perot of Wodale and made 
him his clerke. 

Edwarde the 3. cummyng to Winchester-Castel, lyked 
Perot and toke hym to service. 

Edwarde the 3. understanding that Perot had mynde to 
be preste, made hym first parsone of St. Martines in London, 
and then Deane of St. Martines in London, then Archi- 
diacon of Bukingham. 

Edward the 3. made hym surveiar of his buildings, as of 
Windsore, and Quinburge • in Kent, and other buildinges. 

Then Edward made hym Berer of the Privie-Seale, Master 
of the Wardes, and the Forests. 

Wikam was Tresorer for the Revenwes of France. 

Then he made him Bisshop of Winchester, Chancellor 
and Treasorer of England, as it very manifestely apperith by 
writing. 

The Blak Prince scant favorid Wikam. 

Wikam procured to kepe the Prince in battele out of the 
realme. 

John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster enemie to Wikam. 

Alice Porrers, concubine to Edward the 3. causid Wikam 
to be banished, and then he dwellid in Normandie and 
Picardy a 7. years, Edward the 3. yet Ijrving. 

Wikam restorid aboute the 2. year of Richard the 2., of 
whom he had a generale pardone. 

To my frende master Bane, studient yn Lovaine.* LcUnd 

biographic. 
Mr. Bane, 
I am right gladde to heare of yowr manifolde successes in 
al kyndes of good letters. And though ye sumwhat know 
Mr. Dawes my frende, the bringger of this lettre, yet never- 

[* This is a genuine letter on a folio sheet, with the address on the 
folded back. On the same back, upside down, are written the pre- 
ceding notes on Wykeham, taken from Dr. London. Dugdale did not 
copy this letter, though he copied the notes.] 



^ Queenborough. 
L 



146 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

theles I shaul right hartely desire yow that he for my sake, 
a man of yowr acquaintaunce in tymes paste, may be the 
more commendid, as I may do the like pleasure and service 
heere to my smaul powre. I shaul likewise right hartely 
require of yow that ye wylle helpe Mr. Dawes as ye may 
commodiusly yn a thing whereyn I have required his dilig- 
ence : that is to say in procuring me at Lovaine a toward 
young man, aboute the age of xx. yeres, leamid in the Latine 
tungue and versifying: and that beside can yn the Greke 
tungue sine cortice naiare. Suche a one I wolde interteine 
tam honestis conditionibus^ modo candidi mores eruditioni 
responderent^ that you wold wische a right good frende of 
yowrs no better. Mr. Dawes can telle yow the hole circum- 
staunce of my mynde in this behalf. Ye see how boldley I 
use yow. I pray yow be as bolde of me. At London the 
XII. of Novembre, by al your owne at commaundemente. 

Joannes Lelandius, 

fo. 16. Notes concerning certain Names and Things in the History 

of Croyland.* 

Welingborow in Northampton-shire. 
Lincoln- Bebi in Leyrcestre. Writhorp in Northampton-shire by 
shire. Staunford. Elmington by Oundel in "Northampton-shire. 
Cotenham a 2. miles from Cambridge. Hokington 2. miles 
from Cambridge. 

Asewik a farm about 4. miles from Croyland be water 
apon Weland Water. It was the abbates place. Dunesdale 
on the hither side of Weland a 2. miles dim. above Croy- 
land. It is a seny f place for the make. 

Quapelode ix. miles from Crowland and 5. miles from 
Asewike. Asewik is in Quapelode paroch. Quapelode on 
Wyland, and the streame is fresch water there. 

Gedeney 3. or 4. miles from Quapelode, a praty tounelet 
for the cuntery. It longid ons to 3. sisters. Croyland had 
one part, and that sister was biried at Croyland. Lord 
Wenford hath another parte. Lord Pollet hath now the 3. 

[• These notes are written on the back and run over to the blank 
part left of the short letter which follows (on a folio sheet). They refer 
to places cited before, pp. 127, 129.] 

[f Sic I feny= fenny seems to be meant.] 



APPENDIX 147 

Baston sometime a market toune a mile from Market Croylaiid. 
Deping in Kesten.* 

Langetoft joynith to Baston. 

Burethorp by Baston a 2. miles of. Tetford is the head 
chirch to Baston Market, wher is a chapel. 

Bukenhalle by Bullingbrooke. 

Halington a 2. miles from Louth Market 

Dunedik lordship joyneth upon the Wasch at Fosdik. 

Holbech within a mile of Quapelode. 

Flete ons a market in hominum memaria. It is but a mile 
from Gedeney, and a faire on St. Magdalenes Day. 

Thomas Muleton knight had his castel in the fenne halfe 
a mile from Quapelode: wherof some smaul parte yet 
standith.*^ The Lord Fizwalter hath it now, and Lorde 
Marquis hath another parte of it. Lord Richard hath for 
lif the Marquis parte. 

Portesand* is a 14., about vii. miles every.* It was ons 
arable groimd but low; but now for lak of cure fenne and 
marisk, and joinith on Croyland Monastery by est, west 
and northe. There is a paroche of xviii. score houseling 
people. 

[Fjriston * withoute doute stondith on the farther side of 
Boston Water, and Buttervrik and Tofte also thereby long 
to Friston celle, and 3. village beside in Kesten, and all 
this was De la Crunnes land. 

Alanus de Cruen, Lord of Friston, and that gafe Friston 
to Croyland Abbay, was buried on the south side of the 
hy altare of Croyland. He cam yn with King William the 
Conquerour. 

Watkyn Rodeley Esquire that married the Duches of 
Somerset, ¥ras buried in our Lady Chapel on the south side 
of the chirch. He was alife, as some say, in Henry the vii. 
dayes. He was a great riche man. 

Richard Welleby, Esquier of the body with Henry the vii., 
lay in a goodly tumbe in owr Lady Chappel. He was borne 

[* Sic^ no blank, but some word is wanting.] 



» Kesteven. ^ Moulton. 

e Now Great Porsand. ^ Freiston. 



148 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Croyland. in Multon in HoUande, and was a man ther of great porte 
and pour in Holande. 

His brother child, Thomas Welby, is the heyre. This 
Thomas was also buried there. 

Coldingham of old tyme was a celle gyven by a King of 
Scotts to Croyland, and they recejrvid oftentime rentes 
thense. And at the laste Dirham compounded to give 
Croyland 8. pounds by yeer for it out of theyr celle of 
St. Leonards by Staunforde. 

Leland A letter written in behalf of Mr. Leland.* 

biographic. 

In right harty maner I commend me on to yow. And 
where as Master Leylande at this praesente tyme cummith 
to Byri to see what bookes be lefte yn the library there, or 
translatid thens ynto any other comer of the late monastery, 
I shaul desier yow upon just consideration right redily to 
forder his cause, and to permitte hym to have the use of 
such as may forder hym yn setting forth such matiers as he 
writith for the King's Majeste. In so doying ye shaul bynde 
me to show on to yow at al tymes like gratitude: for if I 
were present at this tyme with yow I wold gladly my self 
fulfil his honeste requeste. Thus fare ye wel this ix. of 
Novembre at Bamewelle. 

fo. 17. Notes out of the Abbey of Saint Edmund's-Bury.t 

Suffolk. 

Anselmus Abbas fecit capellam S. Andreae. Item fecit 

parari arte fusoria magnas navas occidentals Ecclesiae 

S. Edmimdi. 

Ecclesiam S. Jacobi aedificavit, ad quam transtulit paro- 
chiam de navi ecclesiae S. Edmundi. 

Hugo ejus nominis 2. Abbas S. Edmundi, postea epis- 
copus Eliensis. Hie sepultus est ad pedes S. Ethelredae. 
Simon Abbas demolita rotunda capella Prions, in qua 
S. Edmundus ante translationem requievit, capellam beatae 
Mariae k fundamentis in eodem loco sumptibus suis, par- 
entum et amicorum aedificavit. 

[• Title added bv Hearne.] 

[t This marginal note is in a hand lat^r than Leiand's time.] 



APPENDIX 149 

Joannes Norwold Abbas capellam de Caraelo in coemi- Bury St. 
terio fundavit et dotavit. Bdmundt. 

Construxit etiam capellam S. Botulphi. 

Edmundus de Brondisoh abbas fecit unam turrim super 
aquam. 

Richardus primus Abbas fecit tabulam argenteam deaur- 
atam pro magno altari. Thomas Scales miles. 

Joannes Gosford Prior S. Edmundi perquisivit manerium 
de Huntingfeld Haulle in Estbraden. 

Vicus chirothecarum in oppido S. Edmundi. 

Joannes Gosford Prior incepit novum claustrum juxta 
ecclesiam S. Edmundi, et auxilio amicorum perfecit. 

Fecit etiam claustrum juxta infirmariam. 

Gul. Conquestor rex Angl. dedit S. Edmundo maneria 
de Brok et Hergrave, et quareium ad Burgum S. Petri.* 

Vuio primus Abbas S. Edmundi sepultus in capella 
infirmariae. 

Stephanus rex remisit monaster. S. Edmimdi custodiam 
40. nulitum castelli de Norwico. 

Guarinus filius Geroldi dedit S. Edmundo Sabritches- 
worth.** 

Ex libello de Exequiis nobilium virorum et Abbatum 
sepultorum in monasterio S. Edmundi. 

Thomas Beaufort dux Exoniae tam corpus suum quam 
Margaretae uxoris suae sepeliendum in monasterio S. Ed- 
mundi commendavit. 

Baldevrinus dedit conventui piscationem k Sidelesmere 
usque ad Lakford, et 2^, stagna juxta monasterium. 

Hie Baldewinus prostrata ecclesia S. Edmundi, ab Ail- 
wino episcopo Estangliae constructa, aliam pulcheriorem et 
eminentiorem k fundamentis de novo construxit, in quam 
corpus S. Edmundi transtulit. 

Sampson Abbas dedit crucem auream. 

Aulam hospitum in curia, et aulam placitum, et aulam 
scholarum, et aulam de Redgrave '^ lapideas aedificavit. 

Aquae-ductum, et aquam per rivulos derivatam, et lava- 
toria opere mirifico et magnitudine admiranda consummavit. 

■ Peterborough. *» Sawbridgeworth. 

^ Redgrave Hall, the Abbot's residence. 



ISO LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Bury St. Hospitale S. Salvatoris aedificavit. 

Bdxnundt. Operimentum sepulchri S. Edmundi renovavit et auro 
gemmisque disdnctum adomavit 

Joannes de Gaunt dux Lancastriae septem fenestras 
vitreas fieri fecit in ecclesia ex parte australi. 

Bdmundus Bokenham Abbas emit Cagehalle in Mag. 
Berton * pro loo. marcis. 

Joannes Bohun Abbas. 

Gul. Cratfeld Abbas redemit servitutem 3000. florenorum, 
quae singuli abbates Edmundi in consecratione sua solebant 
dare pontifici Romano. 

Redemit etiam k Richardo secundo rege pretium uca- 
tionis • Abbat. S. Edmundi, videlicet 40. libr. 

Richardus primus dedit Ailsham S. Edmundo, vivaria de 
Pakenham et Rugham.** 
fa 18. D. Gul. Elinham et Elizabeth uxor. 

Joannes rex Angliae dedit S. Edmundo imum sapphyrum 
virtuosum, et unum rubeum sive carbunculum magni valoris, 
et viginti quatuor homines cum terris suis in Ailesham. 

Henricus 3. dedit monasterio S. Edmundi unam cupam 
auream pro corpore Domini. 

Thomas Abbas dedit magnam copiam vasorum argente- 
orum monasterio S. Edmundi. 

Joannes Lavenham sacrista fecit et fieri procuravit in 
ecclesia S. Edmundi infra spatium 26. annorum campanile 
novum supra chorum pretio 866. lib. 13. solidis et 4. den- 
ariis.t Fecit fieri et max. campanam pretio centum triginta 
trium librarum, sex solidorum et octo denariorum. 

Domina Maria de Pakenham, et D*. Edmundus maritus 
ejus, et D*. Thomas filius suus, et Radulphus de Hemenhale 
inilites dederunt nobis reversionem manerii de Pakenham 
inferioris, quod valet 40. libr. per annum. Robertus Hoel 
miles. 

Thomas Mountchesi et Joanna uxor ejus. 

[* Sic in MS. Heame suggests that advocationis is intended.] 
[f Sic. Read solidorum et 4 denariorum, — Hbarne. Fos. 17 and 
18, I think, are not in Leland's hand, though in one contemporaiy.] 



^ Great Barton. ^ Aylesham, Norf. ; Rougham, Suff. 



APPENDIX 151 

Ex collectionibus Joannis Rowse * de Antiquitate Oxonii et fo. 19. 
Achademiae. £x libris Britannica lingua scriptis. 

Oxford primo k conditore Mempricio Caer Mimbref Oxford, 
dicta, deinde Belle-situm, forsan k bello monte vicino, postea 
Ridohen, i.e. vadum bourn, et Caer Vossa, k comite quodam 
qui floruit tempore Arturii. 

Ex libro Universitatis Oxon. 

Primo adducti sunt cum Trojanis per Brutum Graeci 
Philosophi, k quibus postea locus eorum studiis deputatus 
Grecelade dicebatur, ubi primum fuit generale studium 
Britanniae. 

Ibidem. 

Philosophi de Grecelade propter amnium, pratorum et 
nemorum amoenitatem studium suum transtulerunt k Grece- 
lade ad Belle-situm tunc vocatum, quem locum postea 
Saxones nominabant Oxoniam k quodam vado vicino sic 
dictum. 

Lechelade schola sic dicta k medicis. 

S. Sampson archiepiscopus Eboru, et postea Dolensis 
episcopus in parva Brit, studuit apud Grecelade4 Anno 
D°*. Dccxxvii. obiit Frediswida monacha filia Didani reguli 
et Safridae, translata fuit pridie Idus Februarii anno I)°*. 
1 1 80. praesente r^e Henrico secundo, Richardo archiep. 
Cantuar. et multis aliis episcopis.§ 

A®. D*. 821. fuit grave bellum inter Egbertum regem 
West-Sax. et Ceolwlphum regem Merciorum inter Abing- 

[* John Rowse, Rous, or Rosse, of Warwick, antiquary, who lived 
from about 141 1 to 1491, the last forty-five years as chantry priest of 
Guy's Cliff, Warwick. He wrote several works referred to by Leland 
(Collectanea, ed. 1715, vol. iv, no, 211, 221); from one of these, De 
Academiis Britannicis (Bale), the above extracts on Oxford appear to 
have been taken; and another, De episcopis Wigorniciy is here quoted 
by Leland, pp. 158, 163, 165. His two works which have come down 
to modem times are a famous Roll of the Earls of Warwick, and « His- 
toria Regum Angliae."] 

[t Memprice was first written, then corrected to MimbreJ\ 
X David thesaur. Landavensis Eulogium historiarum Angliae. — 
Marginal note,] 
[§ Chronicon de Osney. — Marginal note,] 



152 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Oxford, don et Oxford in loco qui Cherrenhul* dicitur, victore 
Egberto. 

Studium de Greclade translatum Belle-situm furore pagan- 
orum cessavit, tandemque per Aluredum reparatum fuit. 

Rex Alfredus, sive Aluredus, anno D"*. dccclxxiii®. primo 
Doctores in Grammatica, in Artibus, et in Theologia instituit 
Oxonii, principaliter in tribus locis, quos vocavit Aulas Uni- 
versitatis, in nomine S. Trinitatis fundatas, quanim una in 
• Sic. alto vico versus portam orientalem situata^ xxvi. Gram- 
maticos omnibus necessariis sufficienter instructos, et haec 
Aula parva Universitatis dicta. Alia aula erat versus muros 
boreales constructa pro xxvi. Dialecticis seu Philosophis. 
Tertia constructa pro Theologis in alto vico, versus portam 
orientalem. Erant circa haec tempora et aliae Aulae k no- 
bilibus, exemplo regis, fundatae: quo tempore ecclesia S. 
Aegidii deputata erat eorum convocationibus et congrega- 
tionibus, sicut nunc est ecclesia S. Mariae. 

Rex Aluredus octavam partem proventus sui scholis gra- 
tiose tribuitt 

Edwardus Aluredi filius statuit Universitatem Canta- 
brigiae.J 

Rex Aluredus inter ceteros genuit Ethelwardum virum 
literatissimum et philosophum in achademia Oxon. qui sepul- 
tus est cum patre in monasterio de Hide. 

Leyland. 

Redbum historicus, quem Joannes Rowse aliquoties citat, 
fuit monachus Wintoniensis. Rowse vero ejus chronicon 
non citat post annum Domini 1229. sed hinc non tamen 
satis liquet quo tempore vixerit. 

Joannes Rowse in libello de Achademiis scribit se locu- 
tum fuisse cum hoc Rodbumo. Unde satis liquet quo tem- 

[• This place Heame suggested may have been Chilswell, on the 
north of Foxcomb Hill, near Oxford (Preface to voL v of " Itinerary," 
p. iv, also p. 156).] 

[t Marianus Scotus. — Marginal note,] 

\X Ranulphus Castr. — Marginal note,] 



APPENDIX 153 

pore vixerit Scripsit duos libros chronicorum, majorem et Oxford. 
minorem.* 

S. Grimbaldus monachus S. Bertini, Dr. Parisiensis, per 
Aluredum vocatus, docuit Oxonii. Idem fecit et Joannes 
Scotus per eundem regem vocatus. 

Anno D^. 979". tempore Aegelredi regis coenobium S. 
Frediswidae monialium Oxon. destructum est per Danos, et 
sic concussum et confractum mansit usque ad tempus Rogeri 
episcopi Sanim, qui id reparavit, et primum ibi Canonicum 
instituit Guimundum, virum per omnia probum.f 

Anno D"*. 1015®. multi ex nobilitate Danica consilio 
Edrici interfecti, pars vero petentes campanile S. Frediswidae 
cum turre ibidem conflagraverunt. 

Haraldus spoliavit scholas ab Aluredo institutas, uni theo- 
logonim scholae parcens, quae schola postea iterum dotata 
est k Gulielmo Archidiacono Dunelmensi. 

Haraldus Levipes Oxoniae coronatus in regem auxilio 
Leofrici comitis Cestriae Anno D*^. 10364 

Mire aucta Universitas tempore Normannorum regum 
usque ad Joannem regem. 

Oxonia per Danos cremata a®. D\ 979^ et iterum anno 
jy^. MIX®, per Danos incensa.§ 

Cantabrigia et Northamptona oppid. incensa per Danos 
anno D*^. mx*. 

Anno D"*. mcxxxiii. Robertus Poleyn resuscitavit studium 
sacrum literarum Oxonii, quae jam fere absolverant. Hie 
Robertus postea factus fuit cancellarius Romanae ecclesiae. 

Joannes Veldenet scripsit librum cui titulus Fasciculus 
temporum. 

Anno Jy^, MLXXi". aedificatum fuit castrum Oxon. k 
Roberto Oyly primo, et a^. Di. mlxxiiii. fundata est ecclesia 
S. Georgii in castro per eundem Robertum.|| 

A**. D*. Mcxxix<*. fundata est ecclesia Canonicorum Regu- 

[* This paragraph was added in the margin bv Leland. Thomas 
Reidbum or Rudbome was a monk of St. Swithin s, Winchester, who 
wrote in IA40 the Annals of the Church of Winchester ("Diet. Nat. 
Biography'*).] 

t Flores Histor. — Marginal noU,'] 

X Ranulphus Cestrensis. — Marginal note."] 

§ Henr. Hunting. — Marginal note."] 

ji Chronicon de Oseney, quod adhuc ibidem muro ecclesiae appen- 
sum. — Marginal note, ] 



154 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Oxford, larium in insula quae dicitur Oseney, k Roberto de Oyleyo 
secundo, constabulario regis Henrici primi. 

fo. 2a Ex tabella Joannis Rowse. 

Universite Col. Theologi. 
Collegium Ballioli. Artistae. 
Collegium Regale de Oryel. Theologi et Artistae. 
Collegium Reginae. Th. et Art. 
Coll^um Mertonis. TheoL Art. et Legulei duo. 
Collegium Exestriae. Th. et Art 
Collegium Lincolniae. Th. et Art. 
CoU^um Wintoniense, alias Novum Collegium. Th. et 
Leg. 
Collegium Animarum. Th. Art et Leg. 
Collegium Magdalenae. Th. et Art. 
Collegium Cantuar. Nigri Monachi. 
Coll^. Dunelmiae. Nigri Monachi. 
CoUeg. Glocestriae. Nigri Monachi. 
Coll. S. Barnardi. Albi Monachi. 
Coll. S. Mariae. Canonici Regulares. 
Collegium Londini. Bumel Yn, idem Warwic Yn. 
Coll. Londini. Nigri Monachi tempore meo. 
Domus ordinis S. Trinitatis. 
Quatuor ordines F^trum. 

In vico Scholasticorum. 

Aula de Brasnos. Art. 

Aula Universitatis minor. Art. 

Aula salutis desiderii. idem. 

Salisburi. Art. 

Aula S. Edmundi.* Art. 

Aula vitrea. Art. 

Aula Stapulia. Art. 

Aula Castriae. Art. 

[* Alia ab Aula Edmundi in parochia Sti. Petri ad Orientem, de 
qua infra, pag. i6o. Nomen nempe duxit ab Edmundo Riche, Archi- 
episcopo Cantuariensi, qui ab anno cijccxix. ad an. CIDCCXXVI. ibi- 
dem legisse perhibetur. Vide Wood's '' Hist and Antiq. Univ. Oxon,'* 
(1674, fol.) vol. ii, p. 9.— HSARNB.] 



APPENDIX 



155 



In alto vico. 



Oxford. 



Takley Yn. Grammatici. 
Haberdagh Haul. Art* 
Brodegates. L^. 
George Hawle. Leg. 
Woodcok Hawle. Leg. 
Deop Hawle. Leg. 
Osney HawUe. Leg. 



Ing Haule. Grammatici. 

Wilby Haulle. 

Parva Aula Uni versitatis. 

Art. 
Aula Bostaris. Theologi. 
Whyght Hawle. Grammat. 



Juxta Merton College. 



Aula Urbani. Leg. 
Aula S. Joannis. Art. 
Berne Hawle. Art 
Portmister Hawle. Art 
Colsel Hawle. Art. 
Aristotle HawUe. Leg. Hy- 
bemi. 



Albon HawUe. Art 
Chymney Hawle. Leg. 
Tenchwic Yn. 
Leon Hawle. Grammat. 
Andrew Hawle. Leg. 



Juxta Oryel College. 



Aula S. Mariae. Art. 
Bedil Hawle. Art. 
Cuthbert Hawle. Grammat. 
Heron. EUiwle. Leg. Hi- 
bemi. 



Aula Angularis. Art. 
Nunne Hawle. Leg. & Art. 
Nevil's Yn. Leg. 
Bekes Yn. Legistae. 



Juxta S. Fredeswidam. 



Aula Graeca. 
Pekwater Yn. 

Grammati 

lando.t 


Leg. 

Leg. pnus 
ci sub Ley- 


Aula S. Edwardi. Wallici 

Leg. 
Vine Hawle. L^. Hibemi, 
Seler Hawle. Leg. 




Juxta Ecclesiam S. Aldati. 


Polton Hawle. 
James Hawle. 
Mihel HauUe. 


Leg. 

Leg. 
Leg. 


Beof Hawle. Leg. 
Dunstan Hawle. Leg. 



[* Between this item and the next the words "In parochia omnium 
Sanctorum " were written and crossed out.] 

[t John Leland, a grammarian of reputation, who studied at Oxford 
and taught at Peckwater Inn ; he died in 1428. Known as John Leland 
senior, it is supposed that our Leland was connected with him by col- 
lateral descent, but this is uncertain.] 



156 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Oxford. 



Penferthing Streate. 
BulHauUe. Leg. Powle Hawle. Leg. 
Egle Hawle. 


Fisch Streat 


Hinksey HauUe. Leg. 
Bayly TrillokYn. Ley. quod 
nunc dicitur Novum Hos- 


pitium, quia noviter aedifi- 
catur. 


Juxta Collegium Lincoln. 

Mildrede Hawle. Art. Laurence Hawle. Art. 
Hampton Hawle. Art. Hawke Hawle. Leg. 
Whyte Hawle. Leg. Yn. Elme Hawle. Leg. YnCheyne 
Cheyni Lane. Lane. 


In parochia Sti. Petri ad Orientem. 


Edmunde Hawl.* 
Blake Hawl. Art. 


Hart Hawle. Art 



In Norgate Street. 

Coventre Hawle. Leg. Hybem. 

Apud vicariam S. Mariae Magdalenae. Th. Morale. 

Scholastici Eleemosynarii de Osney in Castro. 

Aulae destructae tempore meo in Cat-strete, pro CoUegio 
Animaru. 



Bedford Hawlle. Art.f 
S. Thomas Hawl. Art. 
Salamon's Hawl. Art. 



Leon Hawle. Grammat 
St. John's Entre. 
Hart Hawl. Art. 



Aulae ante tempora mea destructae. 



Cat Hawl yn Cat-street. 
Mayden Hawle. 
Penchrich Hawl. 



Bumel Yn, modo London 

Colleg. 
Drowght's Hawl. Art. 
Wyloughby Hawl. Art. 

[* Recte Edmund Hawle, non St. Edmund Hawle. Nomen enim 
tnudt ab Edmundo quodam, cive Oxoniensi, regnante Henrico HI. non 
autem ab Edmundo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, de quo supra pag. 158. 
VicU Wood's "Hist, and Antiq. Univ. Oxon." (1674, fol.) vol. ii, 
p. 351.— Hearnk.] 

[t Lege, Berford.— Hbarne.] 



APPENDIX 



157 



Cantebrigiae. 



Cambridge. 



Leg. 20 



Regale collegium 

ceteri Art. 
Regia Aula. Leg. & Art. 
Michael Howse. Theol. & 

Art. 
Gunwel Hawle. Theol. & 

Art. 
Clare Hawle. Theol. & Art. 
Trinite Hawle. Leg. 
Benet College. Theol. & 

Art. 
Pembroke Hawle. Theol. & 

Art. 
Peter Howse. Theol 
CoU^ium Reginae. 

&Art. 
Goddes Howse. Art. 
Bokingham College. 

achi. 
Quatuor ordines fratrum. 



.& Art. 
Theol. 



Mon- 



CoUegium Jesu. 
Fishwic Hostel. Art. 
Honyngis Yn. Leg. 
Garret Hostel. 
Gregory Hostel. Art 
S. Margaret's Hostel. 
S. Augustines Hostel. Art. 
S. Thomas Hostel. Art. 
S. Barnard's Hostel. Art. 
S. Clement's Hostel. Leg. 
Burdon Hostel. Leg. 
S. Maris Hostel. 
Trinite Hostel. Leg. 
Harliston Place. Art. 
S. John's Hostel. 
S. Nicolas Hostel. Leg. 
S. John's. Religiosi. 
S. Paule's Yn. L^. 
Canonici Albi. 



David Thesaurarius Landavensis scriptor.* 

Castria, alias Urbs L^onum, olim caput et Metropolis 
Venedotiae. 

Castria alias etiam dicta L^ecestria. 

Joannes Stafford Franciscanus, cujus historiae Rowse 
meminet. (Ley.) 

Chronicon Henrici Knightoni.f 

Leontius pater Leyri regis condidit Caer LLeo civitatem 
Glamorganiae. 

Rowse scripsit librum de comitibus Wereuicensibus. 

Rowse scripsit Chronicon quod appellavit Waruic. 

Waruic civitas olim, secundum Britan. testimonium, epis- 
copum habuit, cujus sedes erat in ecclesia S. Joannis Bap- 
tistae (ubi nunc schola Grammaticorum) in foro civitatis 



fo. 21. 



[• These notes, " David— fuisse," on top of the next leaf (p. 158) were 
evidently made by Leland himself, who twice adds his name Ley, as 
distingmshing them from the notes copied from Rowse.] 

[t Knigtonus MS.] 



158 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Waruicensis, quae postea translata fiiit ad ecclesiam Omnium 
Sanctorum in castro. 

Worcester. £x libro . . . Rowse de Episcopis Wigomiae. 

Anno D"*. mcxxiii. tempore Theulphi Wigomiensis epis- 
copi, consensu vero Rogeri de bello monte comitis Warwic. 
facta est unio ecclesiae omnium sanctorum in castro War- 
uicensi et S. Mariae extra castrum, ubi adhuc sunt canonici 
seculares. 

(Ley. Puto id temporis festum omnium sanctorum non 
sancitum fuisse. Nam ecclesia ilia dedicata fuit omnibus 
Sanctis tempore Henrici I. per Rogenim de Belmond comi- 
tem Warwici. Verisimile est tamen antiquiorem ecclesiam 
olim in castro fuisse.) 

Domus leprosorum S. Michaelis Waruici fundata per 
Rogenim de bello monte comitem Waruicensem. 

Rogerus de bello monte induxit canonicos ordinis S. 
Augustini in ecclesiam S. Sepulchri, quam Henricus de bello 
monte pater ejus construxit at petitionem Hierosolymitano- 
rum. Haec erat capitalis domus hujus ordinis per Angliam 
et Walliam. Putantque Almaricum, hujus loci primum 
Priorem, ad Patriarchalem sedem Hierosolymitanorum fuisse 
translatum. Erat hoc coenobium in Parochia S. Mariae. 
Tandem canonici, tempore Richardi secundi, ex pulsi sunt 

Anno D^. mclxxxiii<* fundata est domus S. Joannis extra 
muros per Gulielmum comitem filium Rogeri de bello 
monte. 

Domus Templariorum ex australi parte pontis Warwicensis 
dedicata in honorem S. Thomae Cantuar. 

Juxta orientalem portam Waruic. olim erat domus Hos- 
pitalariorum ordinis S. Joannis j sed jam Templariorum et 
Hospitalariorum de Warwic. possessiones devolutae sunt 
Hospitalariis de Balshale/ 

Ex libro Joannis Rusi de episcopis Wigorn. 

De S. Ceadda, Merciorum episcopo quinto, qui successit 

S. Jearmanno. 

Cedda datus est primis annis S. Aidano episcopo Lindis- 
famensi educandus, et purioribus literis informandus, qui 

> Balsall. 



APPENDIX 159 



K- 



postea melioris vitae desiderio Hybemiam petiit, ubi plene 

instructus rediit in Angliam, factusque Oswio regi Northum- 

brorum familiarior electus fuit archiepiscopus Eboracensis, ; 

cui tandem officio post triennium concessit, et se contulit ad 

monasterium de Lestingay, quod frater suus Ceddus in ; 

Northumbriae partibus construxerat. Inde secretum locum t 

Staffordensis provinciae petens, aliquandiu lacte cervae • 

pastus est Cerva vero venatione agitata, Wolfadum et Rufi- t 

num, Wulferi, Merciorum regis, fiUos ad castra S. Ceddae \ 

perduxit, k quo baptizati sunt. Hujus postea episcopalis ^ 

sedes fuit apud Licdfeld, ubi etiam sepultus fuit. Lichefeld 1 

vero nomen sumpsit k martyrum corporibus, ibi pro Christi 

nomine interfectis, ut habetur apud S. Albanum in libris et 

tabulis de vita sanctorum Albani et Amphibali. Nam anno y 

domini cclxxxvi Dioclesianus in Oriente et Maximianus ( 

in Occidente* vastare ecclesias, affligi interficique Christianos 

decimo post Neronem loco praeceperunt, et haec immanis 

persecutio duravit per decem annos, quo tempore passus est 

Albanus. Cumque compertum fuisset k Maximiano quod 

Amphibalus S. Albani instructor versus boream recessisset, 

misit qui eum persequerentur, et ipso k loco martyrii S. Albani 

per 84'*'. miliaria invento praedicante subito imierunt in eos, 

ipsum Amphibalum capientes, ceteros omnes occiderunt, 

cadavera avibus et bestiis relinquentes devoranda. A quo 

eventu locus ubi jacebant nomen traxit Lichefeld, quasi 

campus cadaverum. Gulielmus de Pontifidbus capitulo 

Ebor. invitabatur creberrime ab Wulfero Merciorum rege, 

S. Wilfridus ocpulsus k sede Ebor. ad locum Lichfeld voca- 

tum, ut ibi episcopatum vel coenobium faceret. 

Stafford antiqua villa est, de qua Merlinus scribit: Duo 
r^es dubium proelium committent propter leenam de vado 
baculi. 

In provincia Warwicensi civitas eodem tempore opulent- 
issima, Anglice Alencestria dicta, quasi civitas Alani, nunc 
vero comipte Alcestria* dicitur. (Lelandus. Aknus flu. 
praeter labitur, unde et nomen.) Ad banc urbem S. Cedda 
veniens,t ut pater filios instnicturus; sed brevi intellexit se 

[• An vastari?— Hearne.] [f Sic, read venif,] 

' Alcester. 



i6o 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 22. 

Oxford. 



Maith. Pari- 
siensis. 



ad bestias non ad homines venisse, qui non verbis nee 
miraculis ad dei cognitionem perduci potuenint. Inde 
multis opprobriis vir dei ejectus, habitatores maledixit. Ab 
illo civitas olim nobilis facta est exilis. Coenobium ibi ab 
antique situatum, ob S. Ceddae anathema, in alium locum 
translatum est; et nunc Alcestria modicus vicus est, cujus 
conditor erat Alanus vir Britonum tempore famosus et 
potens. Haec habentur sparsim libro 2^*°. et 3*^ Joannis ad 
Eustachium de Regibus Merciorum. 

Richardus * primus natus fuit Oxonii in palatio R^s ubi 
nunc est coenobium Carmelitarum. 

Anno D"*. mccix®. regnante Joanne rege, Scholastici Uni- 
versitatem Oxoniae prorsus reliquerunt; pars Cantebrigiam, 
pars Radingum, pars Maidston petierunt. Causa fuit, quia 
praeses oppidi scholasticum persecutus, qui mulierem inter- 
fecerat, una cum illo innocentes aliquot comprehendit et 
suspendit anno Domini 1232. 

Joannes cog. Blundus, vir eminentis scientiae et Oxonii 
professor Theologiae, electus in episcopum Cantuar. sed 
Romae ipso praesente cassata fuit ejus electio, et electus 
S. Edmundus. Studuerat hie Blundus Parisiis. Erat hie 
Blundus etiam Eboraeensis canonicus. Ley. Summe hie ^ 
multis laudatur, nihil tamen, quod sciam, vidi ab illo 
scriptum. Comites etiam studiorum habuit Lutetiae Parisi- 
orum hos celebres viros Anglos, Alanum de Becoles, et 
Nicolaum de Femham. 

Anno D^. mccxxxiiii^. magna pars scholasticorum Oxoni- 
ensium Stamfordiam se contulerunt studendi gratia propter 
discordias inter scholasticos et Burgenses. 

Anno D"*. mccxxxvii^ Otho legatus Romanus interfecto 



uno de ejus familia Oxonii fugit in turrim ecclesiae 
Osney, ubi k scholasticis obsessus fuit ad noctem. 



de 



Anno D"^ mccxlv®. die Purificationis S. Mariae Judaei 
Oxonii k scholasticis spoliati. 

Anno D°^. 1 248. Blundus canonicus Eboraeensis, Rogerus 
Bacon, et Ricardus Fizacre mortui. (Alias legi Baconum 
obiisse anno domini 1292. Ley.) 
Aiaith. Pari' Anno D*. 1249. orta est Cantabrigiae dissensio inter 



[* Here begins a fresh leaf of the MS., in the same ink and in 
Ldand's hand.] 



APPENDIX i6i 

Scholasticos et Burgenses, ex qua ad rapinas, vulnera et Oxford, 
homicidia ventum est. 

Anno D*^. 1258. Scholastici Oxon. in sectas divisi, vexilla 
explicantes, hostiliter inter se conflixerunt. 

Anno D"*. 1249. ol>"^ Gulielmus de Dunholmo Rotho- 
magi, rediens k Romana curia eminentissime literatus, 
quondam etiam electus Rothomagensis. 

Frater Rogerus Bacon in epistola de laude Artis Mathe- 
maticae ad Papam Clementem, Gulielmum • Lincolniensem 
thesaurarium (f. cancellarium) natione Anglum supra sydera 
extoUit nomine eruditionis. 

Joannes Rowse scribit hunc appellatum fiiisse Shyrwood, 
et dedisse Aulae Universitatis Theologorum Oxoniae ubi 
studuit trecentas libras pecuniae ad emendos agros in usus 
scholasticorum, atque ut aliquo modo repararent jacturam 
quam passi sunt sub Haraldo rege, qui spoliatis prorsus 
reliquis scholasticis omnibus magna cum gratia illis nudam 
domum reliquit. 

Anno D"*. MCCLxiiii. scholastici Oxonienses multa damna 
intulerunt regiis militibus dum obsiderent Northamptonam, 
unde rex juravit, futurum ut omnes scholastici Oxonienses 
suspenderentur.t 

Henricus Knighton produxit historiam usque ad extrema 
tempora regni Richardi secundi. 

Ricardus de Wichia cancellarius S. Edmundi Abingdon 
archiepiscopi Cantuariensis scholasticus fuit Oxon. et postea 
Cicestrensis episcopus, qui post mortem Sancti nomen 
meruit. 

Hunc in scholis Oxon. secutus est Richardus filius 
Radulphi, Armacanus aliter dictus k sede sua episcopali in 
Hybemia, nunc canonizatus. 

Richardus de Bury, alias Angravyle* dictus, episcopus 
Dunelmensis scripsit Philobiblon. 

Anno D°*. 1362^ Simon Islepe archiepiscopus Cantuar. 
ftmdavit collegium Cantuariense Oxonii.J 

(• Gulielmus Shirwod. — Marginal note.] 
t Henri. Knighton historiographus. — Afarginal noieJ] 
\X The notes on fo. 22 end here, leaving a long blank. Something 
seems to have been lost before fo. 23, the top of which is torn.] 



* Angarville. 
M 



i62 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Salisbury. Osmundus construxit ecclesiam Sarum, et in ea canonicos 
fo. 23. instituit. 

Osmundus donavit ecclesiam Sarum amplis terns et eccle- 
siasticis possessionibus. 

Scripta fuit haec charta et confirmata anno D*. 1091. a®. 4. 
Gul. conquestoris regis Angliae, et ejus sigillo sigillata, sub- 
scribentibus regni proceribus. 

Hactenus ex charta. 

Osmundus ordinavit in ecclesia Sarum quatuor personas 
principales, decanum, praecentorem, cancellarium et thesaur- 
arium: ac constituit 32'. praebendas in eadem ecclesia. 

Deputavit etiam 4. archidiaconos, nee non subdecanum 
et succentorem : quibus omnibus elargitus est possessiones 
de ipsius dominio quod habuit tempore quo stetit comes 
Dorsetiae. 

Osmundus libros scribere, ligare ac illuminare non fasti- 
divit. 

Osmundus dedit multa ornamenta partim aurea, partim 
argentea ecclesiae Sarum. 

Henricus 3*"*. rex Angliae dedit terras, et fructus ecclesi- 
asticos, ac libertates multas ecclesiae Sarum. 

Agnes uxor Huberti de Ria et Henricus ejus filius ded- 
erunt manerium de Hortun tempore Richardi Powr episcopi 
Sarum. 

Crocus venator eodem tempore dedit ecclesiae Sarum 
terras quas Alwardus et Godus olim habebant in burgo 
Sarum et Wilton. 

Monasterium hederosum cum capella de Farlegh. 

Charta regis Henrici 3. de nundinis beati Edmimdi 
Sarum. 

Charta ejusdem Henrici ad pontes transferendos et vias 
mutandas. 

Charta de feria et mercato de Bemistre.* Praebenda de 
Bedminstre cum Ratclif. 

Charta Priorissae de Bromhale. 

manerium de 

Torrington eccl. Sarum. 

^ Beaminster. 



APPENDIX 



163 



Gilbertus de Percy dedit ecclesiam de Cerdestok* ecclesiae Saiisbnry. 
Sarum. 

Eccl. Calne praebenda eccl. Sanim. 

GuL Talebote, dominus hundredi de Alwarbyri. Capellae 
de Chiriel et Berwik ** annexae eccl. de Calne. 

Slape praebenda in parochia de Netherbyri. 

Stratford praebend. in ripa Avonae non longe h veteri 
urbe Sarum. 

Decanus Sarum rector de Sunninges. 

Praebenda de Blebury.** 

Heitredesbury * ecclesia collegiata et appropriata decanatui 
Sarum : et habet conferre 4. praebendas. 

Longalata** prioratus ubi eccl. D. Radegundi dedicata. 
Joannes Vernon miles primus hujus loci fundator. 



Ex libro Joannis Rowse Warwicensis de episcopis 
Wiccensibus.* 

Chinestrita mater, Heorstanus pater Dunstani. 

Osbernus monachus Canluar. scripsit vitam Dunstani. 

S. Oswaldus episc. Wigorn. deinde archiep. Ebor. nepos 
fiiit Odonis Dani archiep. Cantuar. 

Monachi expulsis clericis in ecclesiam Wigorn. tempore 
Oswaldi inducti. 

(Rowse conjectura ducitur Oswaldum natum fuisse Rame- 

sey.)t 

S. Oswaldus episcopus Wigorn. consecravit ecclesiam 
coenobii Ramesiensis. 

S. Aelphegus [tunc] J Winton. episc. postea archiep. 
Cantuar. tumulavit corpus Alwini comitis Orientalium An- 
glorum apud Ramesei, cujus coenobii fundator erat. 

Corpus Haraldi regis 2. sepultum apud S. Clementem in 
suburbio occidentali. 

Livingus ex monacho Tavistocensi factus episcopus 

[* Leiand's error for Wigomiensibus^ see also p. 165.] 

it This line seems to be a note of Leiand's own, interlined.] 
t Tunc in Dugdale, who has, however, mixed this and the last 
paragraph together. In the original the word is gone.] 



[No fo. 24.] 

Worcester, 
fo. 25. 



' Chardstock. 
« PBlewbury, 



* Heytesbury. 



^ Cherhill and Bar wick. 



« PLongleat. 



i64 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Worcester. Wigom. tempore Canuti cog. fortis, Tavestochiae tandem 
1 sepultus est. 

t Fodir et Thurstan huscarli Canuti cogn. fortis occisi k 

I provincialibus Wigom. quam ob causam Wigom. postea k 

i militibus Canuticis incensa et depraedata est. Venit cum 

i aliis comitibus ad hunc tumultum compescendum, Rom. 

■ comes Massetetensium,* id est, Herefordiensium. 

Bemrege. Cives Wigorn. accepta insula in Sabrina nomine Benier- 
sey" se defendebant quoad militum ardor refrigeret. 
' Leofricus praesul tempore Edwardi Confessoris transtulit 

sedem k Crideoduno Iscam," ubi expulsis Sanctis virginibus 
induxit clericos in ecclesiam S. Petri, 
i Anno D"^ mlxi°. Athelstanus episcopus Herefordiensis 

"^ in sua ecclesia Herefordiensi sepultus est, quam ipse k fun- 

damentis constmxerat. 
! Liber in Scaccario regis dictus Domesday. 

Wolstanus reparavit ecclesiam de Westbiri et monachos 
cum abbate Colemanno induxit. 

Wolstanus fabricata nova ecclesia dimebat eam quam 
S. Oswaldus episcopus Wigorn. construxit. 

Aldewinus monachus vitam heremiticam duxit eo loco 
ubi nunc est coenobium Malverniae. 

Robertus natione Lotharingus episcopus Herefordensis 
ecclesiam suam ex integro aedificavit, imitatus formam 
basilicae Aquensis. 

Guliel. cantor Malmesbir. scripsit (si recte memini) tres 

libros de vita S. Wolstani.f 
I Anno D"^ mcxii. combustum fuit tectum basilicae Wi- 

^ gorniensis. — (Leyland. Apparet ibidem tectum basilicae id 

[ temporis fuisse ligneum sed plumbo vestitum, sed jam fornix 

est ex pulcherrimis lapidibus.) 



[* Dugdale has copied this name Masse Ventensium (MS. Eng. Hist., 
c. 9, fo. 41).] 

[t Here in midst of the extracts from Rowse are inserted notes from 
William of Malmesbury, Florence of Worcester, and Mat. Paris, with 
Leland's occasional remarks. ] 



^ Bevereye, or Bevere, Worcester ; Dugdale has Beuercge. 
*> Crediton, near the Exe. 



L 



APPENDIX 



165 



Florenlius. Fulgentius historicus. — (Leyland. Fuit hie Worcester, 
monachus Wigorn. Et obiit anno D"*. mcxviii.) 

Anno D"*. mcxlix. Stephanus rex urbem Wigomiensem 
obsedit, eepit, incendit ; sed Waleranus comes de Mellenti 
et Leycestriae castrum defendebat. 

Ex Matthaeo Parisiensi. Henricus 2". portavit coronam 
Wigorn. cum pompa maxima a°. D"*. 1158. qua postea 
nescio quo spiritu ductus memor humanae sortis crucifixi 
imaginem coronavit, et ab illo corona nunquam utebatur. 

Anno D°*. mclxxxi. Baldwinus Abbas Fordensis. 

Balduinus ex Wigorn. factus archiep. Cantuar. tandemque 
in expeditione contra Saracenos mortuus est Tyri. 

Anno D"*. 1125^ corpus Joannis de Constantiis episcopi 
Wigomiensis, prius decani cathedr. ecclesiae Rothomag. 
dum aedificarent novam ecclesiam Wigomiensem elevatum 
fuit, et adhuc prope sum mum altare in cista servatur. (Ley- 
land. Superior pars basilicae forsan id temporis aucta et 
magnificentior facta, nam inferior antiquioris structurae 
est.) 

An**. D"*. MCCii. tempore Joannis regis deflorata fuit 
ecclesia Wigorn. incendio. 

An°. D***. Mccxxii. Dominicani construxerunt oratorium 
loco ubi nunc sunt scholae S. Edwardi. Postea translati 
sunt extra muros. 

An^ D^. Mccxxiiii. venerunt Franciscani in Angliam, 
qui primum locum suae religionis Bedefordiae posuerunt. 

An^ D"*. MCCXXIIII. inceptum est novum opus Wigomiae. 

Haec quae sequuntur de antiquitate Warwicensi inserta Warwick, 
sunt libro Joannis Rowse quem scripsit de episcopis 
Warwicencibus [error for Wigornienstbus], 

Warvic. civitas secundum quosdam dicta Caerline ex 
ultima syllaba nominis Guithelini filii Gurguntii regis Bri- 
tann. — Ley. In hac parte adducit pro se testimonium cu- 
jusdam historiae quam vidit Eoveshami. 

Warwic. k Constantine, patre Aurelii Ambrosii, reparata 
et dicta Caerwinber, quod opus cito destructum fuit. Se- 
cundum quosdam etiam Caer-Gwayr, i.e. mons dolorosus. 
Guairenim, Britannice significat dolorem. 

Warwic. dicta etiam secundum quosdam urbs Legionum. 



i66 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwick. Ley. Hie et allegat pro se nescio quem fictitium Gildam et 
Chronicon Rading. 

S. Caradocus comes Herfordiae condidit antiquam civit- 
atem Sarum, qui postea sepultus fuit Aberhodne in pro- 
vincia de Brecnoc. 

Warwic. postea reparata k Guair consule circa tempera 
Arturii, unde Warwic. Caer Guair. Hunc Guair secutus 
est Arth. Gal in consulatu Caerguarensi, quem secuti sunt 
Morindius et Martrudius. 

Arth Britannice ursum significat; unde forsan comites 
ursum pro insigni habent. 

Warwic. postremo Saxonice Werewic. k Wereraundo Sax- 
onico rege, ut patet libro Matthaei Parisiensis de gestis 
Abbatum S. Albani. 

Warwic. reparata per Aelfledam, regis Aluredi filiam, et 
Ethelredi subreguli Merciorum uxorem, a^ D'. 915, et 
iterum per Danos ante festum Epiphaniae, ducibus Canute 
et Edraco proditore, ferro et flamma consumpta a". D*. 
1 01 6. ab illo tempore ad pristinam nobilitatem restituta 
non fuit. 

Domus monachorum in parco prope Warwic. hoc tempora 
destructa per Danos, et ecclesia monialium in Warwic. ubi 
nunc est ecclesia, . . .* manentibus etiam nunc ibidem 
veteris ecclesiae vestigiis. 

Cambridge. Ex veteri sed fabuloso libro incerti authoris de antiquitate 
fo. 26. Cantabrigiensi. 

Cantabrigia tempore Gurguntii Britan. regis k quodam 
Cantabro Graeco constructa, qui et philosophorum scholas 
ibidem instituit, et postea ab ejus filio Grantino aucta. 

Maxim ianus princeps militiae Dioclesiani Grantebrigiam 
cum scholis et libris igne consumpsit. 

Cantabrigia k Pictis et Saxonibus devastata. 

Cantabrigia vastata ab Angero et Ubbone. 

Ceadwalla rex instituit scholas apud Grekelade. 

Palatium Etheoaldi regis Merciorum circa tempora Mil- 
redi episcopi Warwicorum erat circa locum ubi nunc est 
coenobium de Stonley monachorum Cistert. inter Warwicum 

[* This being the last line on the margin at bottom of fo. 25, one or 
two words are lost before maneniibus,'\ 



APPENDIX 167 

et Coventriam. Castrum vero de Kenelworth non erat in- 
ceptum post quadringentos ab illo annos. 

S. Milredus sepultus apud Barkiswel septem ab Wareuico 
miliaribus. 

Folulphus episcopus Sidnacensis in Lindesia. 

Joannes • Menevensis de monasterio S. David in Cambria, 
vir eruditissimus, ab Alfredo rege Oxoniam ad profitendas 
bonas literas vocatus. 

Ex libello Joannis Rowse de Achademiis. 

Gregorius publicas scholas Anglis interdixit propter Pela- 
gianam heresim et alios Britannonim in fide errores. 

Brennus BristoUiae conditor. 

Gurguntius Bar-stnict, i.e. curta barba. 

Non apparent in pago Grantcestrensi veteris urbis vel 
muri vel fossae. Grancester, i.e. magna civitas. — Ley. Ego 
sic dictam puto k Granta flu. 

Egbertus 2. archiep. Ebor. praeceptor Albini et armarium 
omnium disciplinarum. 

Erant olim tempore Britannonim multae Achademiae, 
Grecelade, Stawnford, Cantabrigiae, Bello-situm post Grece- 
lade, Lechlad, Caerileon in Cambria, ubi tempore Arturii 
ducenti philosophi erant. f 

Sebertus rex Orient. Anglorum instituit scholas Grante- 
brigiae instigante episcopo Felice. 

Grimbaldus monachus S. Bertini ultra mare primus Abbas 
novi coenobii Wintoniensis. 

Edwardus Senior filius Alfredi reparavit et auxit scholas 
Cantabriae. 

Mewinus historicus, cujus mentio est apud Joannem 
Hardingum historicum, qui Mewini autoritate scribit, Jo- 
sephum fuisse Avalloniae. 

De sedibus Britannorum episcoporum. Londini Loegriae 
metropolis erat. Eboraci metropolis erat Albaniae. Sedes 
etiam episcopalis in urbe Alcluth erat, et in Candida Casa 
tempore Niniani. Kinotus erat tempore Britannorum epis- 
copus LLanpaternensis, qui post Davida translatus fuit 
Meneviam. et Silchestriae juxta Radingum sedes erat S. 

[• Asserius in the margin.] [t See before, pp. 151, 152.] 



i68 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Maugani. Glocestriae sedes erat S. Aldati; et Dubricius 
erat episcopus Caerguerensis, cuique sedes • id temporis ubi 
nunc ecclesia recentior Omnium Sanctorum in castro War- 
wicensi, idem translatus ad ecclesiam Landavensem, cujus 
primus erat episcopus, demum factus fuit archiepiscopus 
civitatis Legionum, cui successit David, qui sedem trans- 
tulit Meneviam. 

Juti et Victi idem sunt. 

Caerwrangon, i.e. Wicester, reparatum per Constantinum 
avunculum Arturii. 

Tempore Sewulphi praesulis, regnante rege Wulphero, 
episcopatus Merciorum in quinque Dioeceses divisus erat 
4**. sedes erat in Lindesia cujus cathedra erat in civitate 
quae Sidneia olim dicebatur. 

Tatfridus, vir eximiae literaturae, de coenobio Hildae 
Abbatissae electus in episcopum Wicciorum, sed ante con- 
secrationis munus obiit. 

Ostopherus clericus coenobii S. Hildae insigniter eruditus 
factus episcopus Wigom. 

Egwinus Ostophorum secutus est. Fuit sundator Eovesha- 
mensis coenobii, et filius secundum quosdam Brecani r^uli 
-Breconiae. Ubi nunc coenobium de Eovesham fuit olim 
ecclesiola, Britannorum reliquiae. Eovesham oppidum sic 
dictum k pastore ejusdem nominis. Locus ante dictus est 
Hethho.t 



" Notes of some Families of Staffordshire taken by Leland 
being his owne handwriting, being loose in folio 127 of 
this booke, which I have transcribed in this place 
fearing they might bee lost." J 

Lord Stafford, at Stafford Castle. 
Lord Audley. 

[* Ley, De hoc dubito, margin.] 

[t ** Hactenus ex Lelandi CoIIectaneis penes praedict. H. St. George 
Norroy" (Dugdale's note at end of his copy).] 

[t Note in St. George's hand at the head of his transcript (Brit. Mus. 
Add. MS. 5937, fo. 203), Dugdale*s transcript, Bodleian, MS. Eng. 
Hist, c. 9, fos. 37, 38. See before, p. 117. Two or three words in 
[ ] here printed were suggested by Sir Fred. Madden.] 



APPENDIX 169 

Lord Ferrars of Chartley. The Lord Ferrars hath fayre Stafford- 
lands in Herefordshire, and among others Webley Castle. shire. 

Asheton hath Wandelep lordship, 4 miles from Leicester. 

Asheton were wont to dwel at Heywood vpon Trent 
againe Shuckesbyry the Byshop of Chesters house; howbeit 
Shuckesborough of some is wrongly called Haywod. Sir 
Edward of Asheton of Tixhaul, hee hath Tixhaul by his 
mother, daughter to Sir William Littleton; shee was not 
Littleton's heyre, for in his age hee gott a son, that had his 
mannour of Frankeley, and goodly howse and parke in 
Worcestershire, a 2 [miles] from Hales Owen. 

Out of Frankley came all the Littletons that bee now. 
Sir Thomas* Littleton that married Littletons heyre of 
Frankeley, was afore called Westcote, and chaunged his 
name at the desire of his Father-in-lawe. This Thomas had 
3 sons, William his eldest son, Richard his second son had 
purchased lands by his father, and the house and mannor 
of Pillenhaul, hard by Penchriche. 

Thomas the third son married one heyre generall 

of Specheley out of Wicestre. 

Heyres males of the three Littletons remayne yet. 

Sir George Gresley dwelleth at the mannor place of 
Coleton, and hath a greate parke there vpon Trent, a mile 
lower than Haywod; hee hath vpon Trent, a mile lower 
then Burton Towne, a very fayre mannor place and parke, 
at Draykelo:* peradventure this Gresley came of the House 
of Gresley Castle in Darbyshire. 

Sir John Arecourt,t son to Sir Simond of Oxfordshire, 
dwelleth at the barony of Elnehaul ^ in Staffordshire, where 
is a very antient house, and a greate parke, a 5 miles from 
Stafford, a mile from Ramton [Ronton] priory, and 2 miles 
from Eccleshaul Castle. Sir John hath this by permission 
of Sir Simon, for this is the olde Arecourts lande. 

Arecourt of Ramton, a man of a hundred pound lands, 
his house is by Ramton, a commeth of a younger brother. 

[• Sir Thomas made " Littleton's Tenures." ? Leland's note in the 
margin.] 

[t Harecourt in the margin.] 



>" Drakelow. ^ Ellenhall. 



I70 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Stafford* Percehaul of Horseley, a man of hundred marke lande, 
■hire. and hee dwelleth at Horseley, a 2 mile from Ramton, and a 
mile from Eccleshaul. 

This Percehaul commeth of a younger brother of the 
Percehauls of Knightley, whose heire generall was marryed 
to Sir John Blunt of Kindilet. 

Skrimesha a lawier now aliue, a new gentleman, hath 
purchased the mannor with the place and parke of North- 
byri, a 50" a yeare; 3 mile out of Newport in Shropshire, 
but Northbyri • is Staffordshire, for Staffordshire cummeth to 
Newport townes end. This Northbyri was Botelers of Hart- 
fordshire. This Skrimesha hath now a 300 marke lande. 

Sir John Giffard dwelleth at Chillington, where hee hath 
a fa)^e house and a parke, it is 4 miles from Penckrich,** and 
2 miles from Uluorhampton. This Giffard married Sir John 
Montgomerik wife, and Thomas his sunne married the 
eldest of Montgomerick. 

Wratesley of Wratesley village; sumetime the Wratesleys 
were men of more land then they bee now, and greate with 
the Earles of Warwick; yet hee hath 200 marks of lande; at 
Wratesley. is a fayre house and a parke, it is 2. mile from 
Vluerhampton. 

Asteley of Petesey hath a fayre mannor, and a goodly 
parke, hard by Wratesley. The Logge in the parke, of 
tymbre and lede, is excellent. 

Swinerton of Swinerton. Swinerton self is a 2. miles from 
Stone, but he lyith at Hilton manor, a 2. miles from Vluor- 
hampton. 

Thomas Luson of Uluorhampton at the townes end is the 
auntients house of the Lusons. 

James Luson of Vluorhampton, a merchant, hath 500 mark 
of . . . lands. 

Cumbreford of Cumbreford, a . . . miles out of Brere- 
wood and ... of Penkriche. 

Lane of Hide maner in Brerewood paroche; this Lane 
be likelihood is the elder house to Lane of Northampton- 
shire. 

Standeley ^ of Pype by Litchfelde a mile . . of, left a late 
2 daughters heyres, one of them was maried to Moile, a 

* Norbury. *> Penkridge. c Stanley family. 



APPENDIX 171 

North . . man. This house of Standelyes had the manor of Suflford- 
the pile of Echels * in Chestreshire ... of Standely Lord shire. 
Chambrelayne. Standleys of Latham came out of the house 
of Stanlyes of Hoton, in Cheshyre. 

Standelye of Bromwich cummeth out of the House of 
Standly of Latham in Lancashire; this Standelye marryed 
Frebotoms daughter & heyre. Though hee dwells in Staf- 
fordshire, yet is Castle Bromwich in Warwickshire, and 
longeth to the Lord Ferrars. 

Rigeley of the Hawkes yarde upon Trent, 4 miles from 
Litchfeld, 100 markes. 

There is a younger Rigeley in Langdon by Beaudesert 
park, a 100 markes and better. 

Swinesfeld of Swinefeld, 3. miles from Litchfeild. 

Worseley of Worseley bridge on Trent, a mile from Rige- 
ley, 5 from Stafford, 6 or 7 from Litchfeild, a 100". land. 

Bagott of Blithfeld 200" lande, 2 mile from Worseley 
bridge. 

Yareswik* at Sandon village, a 3 mile from . ., loo 
markes land. 

Besford at Sandon, 100 marke land. 

Chetweine of Inglestre his house by Trent, 200 marke 
land. 

Sir Phillip Draicote, a gentleman of an old stocke, his 
father let his old house downe, and buildid in another place 
of Draicote parish, a goodly house called Painsle. 

Linesle of Loxle, 3 mile from Draicot. 

Blunt of Blunt haule, halfe a mile from Vttoxcester, a 10" 
land; some say that this is the antient house of the Blunts. 

Basset of Bloer, in the Moreland, there of the common 
people called the Kinge of the Morelande. Bloer is a goodly 
antient howse, and hath a parke; it is in Staffordshire to- 
wards the edge. Blore is a mile from Ashbourne in Darby- 
shire. Basset hath a goodly [house] and parke in Langeley 
parish, and called Langeley, and is in Darbyshire, 4. mile 
from Darby. 

Woker of Woker, a 100" land and a parke there. 

[* Erdeswick in margin.] 



» Etchells. 



172 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Stafford- Maiuerel at Througley, 3. miles from Bloer, 4. from Ashe- 
shirc. burne. Maiuerel and Basset be brotherne and sisters child- 
erne, and so is Draicote. 

Biddle of Biddle, 100 marke land; he married one of the 
heires of Salway of Worcestershire. 

Snede of Brodewal, a mile from Newcastle vnder Line, 
his father Justice of Chestre, borne to 10" land, made it a 
100". 

Coleclough of Bloerton, 10" lande, in Morelande, 3 mile 
from Newcastle; it is in Trentam parishe. 

Hanbyri village a 4 miles from Burton on Trent in Staf- 
fordsh., this peraventure is that that historyes call Ham- 
burghe. 

Nowell of Hillcourte, a mile from the Castle of Eccles- 
haule; he hath 2 brethren maried to rich widowes. 

Swinerton of Isehaul, hard by Eccleshaul Castle; hee is a 
younger brother of Swinerton of Swinerton. 

Sir George Grifl5th of Wichemor on Trent Bank, 4. miles 
from Litchfeld; he hath fayre lands. 

Horton on . . . Bank ... he maried one of the heires 
of Stanton of . . . Guliam his vncle had the other daughter 
of Staunton of, and dwelleth at Staunton. 

John Vernon, Steward of Lechefeld, and a younger son of 
Henry Vernon; this John married one of the heires of Sir 
John . . . and had by her . . . 

Chefel the younger brother . 

Mitton* of Weston in Staffordshire, a man of a 100 
marke land; his grandfather sold a 100 marke land; there 
is a parke of his at Weston. He is, as some say, little kin to 
him of Shropshire. 

[* Madden printed Miltm, but the MS. has Mitton.l 



I 

INDEX OF PERSONS AND LANDOWNERS 



{Tke word ** family y^ as here used, means thai several of the name are 
referred to. The word temp, after a name indicates that the person 
was living in Leland's time, ) 



Abergavenny, Joan, Lady, 47 
note; William Beauchamp, 
Lord, 67, 87. 

Acton, Mr., of Ripley, Worc.^ 
temp,,^, 

Aldred and Wolstan, Bishops of 
Worcester, 59, 60. 

Aldwin, a hermit, 164. 

Alester, Dean of Warwick, tomb, 
42. 

Alfred, King, supposed founder of 
Oxford University, 152. 

Almaric, prior of Warwick, patri- 
arch of Jerusalem, 158. 

Angarville, Richard de Bury, alias^ 
161. 

Arden, Sir Giles, his wife Philippa 
and daughter Margaret, 12, 

13. 

Armagh, Bishop of, Richard, son 

of Ralph, 161. 
Arthur, Prince, son of Henry VII, 

88; Cocks, his servitor, 77, 

79 note. 
Arundel, Earl of, owns Stretton 

Dale, Salop, 81. 
Ash ton family, 169. 
Asser, John, of St David's, Wales, 

167. 
Astley of Petesey, Staff,, 170. 
Athelstan, Bishop of Hereford 

164. 



Aylesbury, John, rector of Eding- 
ton College of Bonhommes, 
24. 



Babthorpe family, 16. 

Bache (Bagche), Alexander, 

Bishop of Chester, buried 

at Hereford, 67. 
Bacon, Roger, 160; his eulogy on 

William Shirwood, 161. 
Bagott of Blithfield, Staff., 171. 
Bailie, John, in Tamworth, 104. 
Bainham, Baynham, Baynonn, 

Mr., of Westbury, Glouc,, 

temp., 64. (Perhaps George 

Beyneham, J. P. of co. Glouc. 

in 1542.) 
Baldwin, John, Chief Justice, 

temp.. III. 
Balsall, Dr. Thomas, tomb, 49. 
Bane, Mr., student in Lou vain, 

Leland's letter to, 145. 
Barentine, Barrentyne, Sir Wil- 
liam, temp,, 19. 
Bares well orBarkeswell, W. , Dean 

of Warwick, tomb, 41. 
Basset family, Derby s., 14; Oxon^ 

33, 103, 105; Staff,, 171, 

172. 
Beauchamp, William, of Lord, 

Abergavenny, 67. 



»73 



174 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Beauchamps, Lords of Alcester, 
51. See Warwick, Earls of. 

Beauchamps of Powick, 90. 

Beaufort, Thomas, Duke of Exe- 
ter, and wife Margaret, tomb, 
149. 

Beaufort, tomb in Warwick, 42. 

Beaupie, tomb in Ludlow, 77, 79 
note. 

Becoles, ? Beccles, Alan de, 160. 

Bedford, Jasper, Duke of, 56. 

Bel^me, Roger de. Earl of 
Shrewsbury, and family, 21, 
22 ; chapels founded by, 86. 

Bell, merchant of Gloucester, 
temp,^ 58. 

Bellairs, 18. 

Bellomonte, Roger de, and Wil- 
liam, 158. 

Berkeley, Roger, Lord, 60. 

Bemulph, King of Mercia, 59. 

Besford, 171. 

Biddle of Biddle, Staff, ^ 172. 

Bishop, John, of Abingdon, and 
daughter Alice, 3. 

Bisset family, 87. 

Blebury, or Blubury, John of, pre- 
bendary, 24. 

Blundus, John, 160. 

Blunt family, 171. 

Bohuns, Earls of Hereford, 65; 
Humphry, 20. 

Boleyn, Sir Geoffry, and family, 
9, 10, 112. 

Boleyn, Thomas, Earl of Wilt- 
shire, 10. 

Bond, merchant of Coventry, 107. 

Bosel, first Bishop of Worcester, 

59. 

Boteler, Thomas, Lord Sudley, 
45, 56; family, 54, 55. 

Bowes family of Durham, Mon- 
sieur de Arches, 9. 

Bowes, Mr., Ump., 7, 9. 

Bray, Sir Reynald, 8. 

Breose property, 13. 

Bridges of Gloucestershire, 5. 

Brocas, Isabel, of Missenden and 
Quainton, and father Sir Ber- 
nard Brocas, 3. 



Brocas married to a Sandys with 

land, 8. 
Broko, Lords, 51. 
Brooke, Lord, Willoughby femily, 

24. 
Browne, Mr., Knt., temp,^ 52. 
Brudenel, Edmund, and wife, 

tomb at Amersham, 113; 

Robert, Chief Justice, 113. 
Brudenel, Mr., temp,^ 5. See 

Entwistle. 
Bnm, Sir Morice, and mother, 

Lady Brun, 3. 
Buckingham, Humphrey, Duke 

of, 20. 
Buckingham, Thomas, Earl of, 

and wife Eleanor, 20. 
Burley, Sir John, tomb, 67. 
Bury, Richard de, writer of ** Phi- 

lobiblon," 161. 
Butler, Earl of Ormond, 10. 



Cadurcis, Paganus and Adam de, 

61. 
Canute, King, 59. 
Carew, Sir George, true family 

name Montgomery, 30. 
Carew, Sir Nicholas, Master of 

the Horse, Ump,^ 10. 
Champion, Alderman, 30. 
Chandos, Sir Richard, and wife, 

67,69. 
Chaucer, Lord of Ewelme, etc., 

5» 19. 
Chaveneys family, Z^ir., 7. 
Chetweine (Chetwynd)of Ingestre, 

Staff,, 171. 
Cheyney and daughters, 17. 
Clare, Gilbert de, and wife, Joan, 

92 ; Sir Nicholas, 67. 
Clare vaulx, 14. 
Clement of Lichfield, Abbot of 

Evesham, 52. 
Cleobury, Thomas, Abbot of 

Dour, temp., 84. 
Clinton, Lord, 17. See Fiennes. 
Clopton, Hugh, of Stratford-on- 

Avon, 27, 28; his works 

there, 49, 5a 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 175 



Cokkis, ? Cocks or Cox, gentle- 
man to Prince Arthur, 77, 
79 note. 

Coleclough of Bloreton, Staff, ^ 
172. 

Colworp, Alice, 2. 

Compton, Sir William, keeper of 
Fulbrook, 48. 

Coningsby at Hampton, Herrf., 
70. 

Conway, Mr., temp,y 52. 

Conye, Knt, tomb at Kidder- 
minster, 87. 

Conyers, 16, 17; Lord, temp.., 6. 

Coope or Cope, William, cofferer 
to Henry VII, tomb, 39. 

Cope, Mr., temp., 40. 

Copley, 10. 

Corbett, 12; temp.^ 81. 

Cornwall of Herefordshire, 75. 

Courtney, Egeline, yEglean, wife 
of Gilbert Basset, 34. 

Croft of Croft Castle, Here/., 75. 

Cruen or Crunne, Alan de, of 
Freiston, tomb, 147. 

Cumbreford of Cumbreford, Staff. ^ 
170. 

Cutt, Sir John, of Kent and E^sex, 
Under-Treasurer of England, 
30; his son, 31. 

Dacres of Gillesland, Lord, timp., 

7. 
Dalaunson, Dalison, temp.^ 10. 
Daltery, 24, 
Daltons, 21. 
Damarie, 34. 
Daraby, father of Wm. Neville, 

22. 
Darcy, John, of Snape, Litu.y 6. 
Darcy, Sir George, temp.^ 19. 
Daunsey, Daundesey, Alison, 

daughter of Walter, 3. 
Da veil. Lord, 15. 
Dawes, Mr., friend of Leland, 

I4S» 146. 
DeinviUe, KnL, 67. 
Delaber, Sir Richard, tomb, 67. 
Denton, Dr., Master of St. John's, 

Ludlow, 77. 



Derby, Earl of, 34, 35. 

Devenish, 10. 

Devereux, 69. 

Digby, Dykeby family, 17, 18. 

D*Oilley of Oxfordshire, 21; 

Robert the II, 154. 
Draycot, Sir Phillip, Staff. ^ 171. 
Dudley, John, Viscount, temp.t 

and the Talbots, 17. 

Ecmundtovm, 15. 

Edburga, Queen of Mercia, 59. 

Edington, or Edenton, Bishop of 

Winchester, 23, 24. 
Edward II, King, tomb at Glou- 
cester, 60. 
Egbert, King, 59. 
Elinham, William, and wife, 

tomb, 150. 
Ellesford, Sir John, tomb, 67. 
Elsing, merchant of London, 28. 
Ely, Bishop of, 29. 
Engaine, of Broughton, Hunts^ 

29. 
Entwistle (Eintwesel), Bertram, 

Z^/V., 5 ; Mr. Brudenel 

{Northants) descended from 

him, t€fnp.j 6. 
Erdeswick. See Yareswik. 
Ethelfleda, wife to Ethelred, 62. 
Ethelred, King of Mercia, 59, 

62. 
Ethelstane, King, his brother a 

hermit, 86. 
Essex, Mr., family of Berks, temp., 

16. 
Eva, Queen of Mercia, 59. 
Evan, Thomas, temp., 78. 
Exeter, Harman, Bishop of, 98, 

99. 

Fackeley, or Falkley, 138. 
Falconbridge, Lord, of Skelton, 

6,7. 
Farley, Abbot of Gloucester, 61. 
Farmer, Richard, merchant, his 

misprision, 10; his daughter, 

temp.y 14. 
Ferrars, Earl of, 29; Ferrars of 

Chartley, 169. 



176 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Ferrars, George, temp,^ 28, 104, 

105. 
Fiennes, or Fines, family, the 

Lords Dacres, Clinton, and 

Sayes, 14. 
Fitzacre, Richard, 160. 
FitzGerald, hanged, 19. 
Fitzwalter, Lord, Ump., 147; 

Philippa, Lady, 4. 
Florence of Worcester, 165. 
Fortescue family, 19; Groom- 
Porter of the Court, temp., 

52. 
Foxley, Margaret, called Parker, 

2. 
Foye, Phillip de, Knt., tomb, 61. 
Francis, Alice, 34. 
Freville, Baldwin, 104; family, 

105. 
Froncester, Abbot, of Gloucester, 

61. 
Fyfield, Elizabeth, daughter of 

John, 2. 

Gage, Mr., Controller of the 

King's house, Ump., 10. 
Gamage, Knt., of Wales, tomb, 

61. 
Giffard, Helias, 60; Giffard 

owned Bromfield Castle, 80; 

Giflfard family, 170. 
Girdelington, 17. 
Glendower, Owen, 83. 
Golaffre family, of Cerceden 

(Sarsden), Oxon, Fyfield, 

BerkSj and other places, 2-4. 
Gospatrick, or Cospatrick, lord of 

Westmoreland, 7. 
Graville, or Greville, family of 

Drayton, 12, 13. 
Gresley, Sir George, /<r////., 169. 
Greville of Milcote, temp,, 50. 
Griffith. See Griphin. 
Grimbald, monk of Berlin, teacher 

at Oxford, 153. 
Griphin, or Griffith, Mr., of 

Wichnor, Staff, , temp., loi, 

103, 172. 
Griphine, Gruffydd, or Griffith, 

Prince of Wales, 66. 



Guair, time of King Arthur, gave 

name to Warwick, 166. 
Gurmaston, Viscount, Ireland, 2a 

Mackluit, Mr., temp., 74; Wil- 
liam and family, 75. 

Hales, with the club foot, at St. 
John's, Coventry, temp., 107. 

Hall, Mr., of Huntingdon, temp., 
29. 

Haly, Mr., tomb, 42 (probably 
John Haly, prebendary of 
Wells in 1 53 1. See Let and 
Pap., Hen. VIII, vol. v, 
Nos. 529.30). 

Hansard of Line., 12. 

Harcourt, Harecourt family, 169. 

Harding, John, historian, 167. 

Harman, alias Veysey, Bishop of 
Exeter, 98, 99, restores Sut- 
ton Coldfield, 98. 

Harnhull, Stephen de, Knt., 58. 

Harold, time of King Edward the 
Confessor, 65. 

Harold Harefoot crowned, 153. 

Harrington of Rutland, 5. 

Haseley, Dean of Warwick, tomb, 
42. 

Hastings, William, Earl of Pem- 
broke, tomb, 67. 

Hereford, Bishops Lorengo and 
Kynelm (Losinga and Rein- 
helm, Stubbs), 66. 

Hereford, Milo, Earl of, 63. 
See Bohun and Lacy. 

Heydon family of Norfolk and 
Surrey, 11, 12. 

Heywood, Dean of Lichfield, 100. 

Hill, Sir Rowland, merchant of 
London, bridge built by, 83. 

Hoel, Robert, Knt, tomb, 150. 

Holland, Sir Robert, lies at Pres- 
ton, 20 ; Robert and wife lie 
at Brackley, 37. 

Hopton, Mr.,ofBlythburg, /^w/., 

25- 

Hopton, Sir Arthur, temp., 19, 20. 
Home family, from a merchant, 4. 
Horton, Abbot of Gloucester, 60, 
61. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 177 



Horton, Staff. ^ 172. 

Hosier, merchant of Ludlow, 77, 

79 note. 
Howards of Norfolk, 13. 
Howe, Lord, 9, la 
Hudleston, Sir John, tcmp.^ 56. 
Hungfords of Emscote, tombs, 

42. 
Huntingdon and Northampton, 

Earls of, 134-142. Set Wal- 

dev. 

Inglefield, Lady, 3. 
Islip, Simon, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, 161. 

John the Scot, teacher at Oxford, 

153. 
Jolif of Stratford-on-Avon, 49. 
Joscelin of Berlin, 142. 

Kenelm and Kenulph, Kings of 
the Marches, 54. 

Kent, Hubert de Burgo, and Ed- 
mund, Earls of, 71. 

Kineburga, Queen of Mercia, 59. 

Knightley, temp.^ 109. 

Lacy family of Grantchester, Cam- 
bridge, I. 

Lacy, Roger, Earl of Hereford, 
60, 61 ; Walter, 61. 

Lancaster, Edmund, Earl of, 20; 
John of Gaunt, 145. 

Lane family, Staff.^ 170. 

I^ngland, Bishop of Lincoln, 
temp,, 31. 

Langley, Thomas of, 3. 

Langville family, 22, 23. 

Latimer, Bishop, temp. , 96. 

Legh, Anthony, Mr., temp., no. 

Leland, John, his remarks on ex- 
tracts relating to Worcester, 
164, 165, {see also Rowse); 
his letter to Mr. Bane at Lou- 
vain, 145; letter authorizing 
him to use the library at Bury 
St. Edmunds, 148. 

Leland, John, senior, grammarian, 
155 note, 

n. 



Lenthall, Knt., temp., Henry IV, 

72. 
Leofgar, Bishop, 66. 
Lereve, or Lekne, Wolphine, his 

penance, 59. 
L'Estrange, Le Strange, Lord, 

Oxon, 34, 35. 
Lichfield, Deans of: Denton, 100; 

Thomas Hey wood, 102 ; 

bishops: Alexander, 100; 

Walter de Langton, loi, 102; 

Blithe, 102. 
Lincoln, Bishops of, 29; Alexan- 
der, 39, no. 
Linsley, Staff., 171. 
Lisle, Lord, Earl of Shrewsbury, 

22. 
Lisle, Viscount, temp,, 17 ; family, 

103. 
Littleton family. Staff., 169. 
Livingus, Bishop of Worcester, 

163. 
Llewelyn, Prince, his daughter 

Gladys Duy, 8. 
London, John, Dr., notes upon 

William of Wykeham, 144, 

145- 
London, Mayor of, in 1457, 9. 
Lovell, Lord, 35, 37. 
Lucy of Charlcote, 46, 47, 48. 
Ludlow, lord of Stoke Castle, 

77, 79 note. 
Luson, Thomas and James, of 

Wolverhampton, 17a 
Luvetot (Lunetote in text, error), 

of Huntingdon, 29. 

Malery, ? Thomas Malory, of the 
Northants family, 30. 

Malvern, alias Parker, Abbot of 
Gloucester, 60. 

Mandeville, 20. 

Marburys, 69. 

Marmions, lords of Tamworth 
Castle, 104, 105. 

Martin, Richard, Bishop of St. 
David's, temp., 70. 

Martinus de Turribus, 27. 

Maungeant, John, Canon of Here- 
ford, 60. 



178 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Menell of Derbyshire, 14. 
Mercia, rulers of. See Index of 

Places. 
Meredydd, alias Tudor, Owen, 

grandfather of Henry VII, 67. 
Merewald, King of the Marches 

{Herefords.), 73, 74, 75; his 

body found at Wenlock, 74. 
Me win, historian, 167. 
Meynell or Menel, Lord, his lands 

and their partition, 6, 7. 
Mills, Mr. , of Southampton, temp, , 

21. 
Milton of Weston, Staff, y 172. 
Montfort of Richmond, Yorks, 16, 

17. 

Morison, Richard, Master of St. 
Wolstane's hospital, Worces- 
ter, temp,, 91. 

Morley, I>ord, 37. 

Mortimer family, 8, 79 note^ 86 ; 
Richard, Earl of March, 88. 

Morwent, Abbot of Gloucester, 
61. 

Mountchesi (Mounchensi) Thomas, 
and wife Joan, tomb, 1 50. 

Mountforts, 45. 

Mountjoy, Charles, Lord, temp.^ 
24. 

Mowbray, Earl of Northumber- 
land, 4. 

Multon,or Moulton,Thomas,Knt., 
147. 

Muttons of Leicestershire, 5. 

Needham family, and Judge, 

temp., 15. 
Neville. George, Lord Latimer, 

and Sir Henry, 44. 
Neville, William, Earl of Kent (?), 

22. 
Newmarket, Bernard de, tomb, 

61. 
Newport, Mr., of the Wich, temp., 

93, 94. 

Nicholas de Femham, 160. 

Norris, filches the land of Cotter- 
stock church, temp,, 30. 

North, Mr., temp., 19. 

Nowell, Staff., 172. 



Oldcastle, Henry, tomb, 67. 

Ormond, Lord of, 112. 

Osbeme, cellarer, of Gloucester 

Abbey, 62. 
Osric, King of Northumberland, 

founder of Gloucester Abbey, 

59; tomb, 60. 
Oswald, King of Northumberland, 

tomb, 62. 
Oxenbridge of Sussex, 16. 
Oxford, Earls of, property of, 25. 

Parker, Chancellor to Bishop of 
Worcester, 91. 

Peito, William, of Chesterton, 
tomb, 42. 

Pembroke, Earl of, William Hast- 
ings, tomb, 67. 

Penley, Sir Rich., Berks, 24. 

Percehaul, PPearsall, family, 17a 

Perot, William, alias Wykeham, 

144, I4S- 
Perrers, Porrers, Alice, 145. 
Philipps, Richard, merchant of 

Hereford, 66. 
Pigot family, Yorks, i, 2. 
Placetes, de, 20. 
Pointz family of Acton, Glouc, 12, 

I3» 14. 

Pole, Lady, 3. 

Pole of Derbyshire, his lands, 
temp., 5. 

Pole, William de la, Duke of 
Suffolk, and wife Alice 
Chaucer, 5, 19; first wife, 
Countess of Hainault, 19. 

Poleyn, or Pullen, Robert, re- 
vived sacred studies, 153. 

Portu. Hugh de, 60. 

Poulett, Pawlet, William, Lord 
St. John, 25. 

Poulteney, Sir John, Mayor of 
London, 108. 

Powys, Powis, Lord, 26. 

Preston family of Preston, Lanc,^ 
20. 

Purefoy family, 25, 26, 103. 

Quarre, Bernard, Provost of St. 
Peter's, Hereford, tomb, 68. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 179 



Ramsey, Hunts^ Abbot of, 143, 
144. 

Redburn, or Rudbome, Thomas, 
monk of Winchester, cited by 
Rowse, 152, 153 note. 

Regulos, Milfrid, and wife Quen- 
burga, of Hereford, 66. 

Rehan, Sir Thomas, tomb, 67. 

Rich, le, Guamer and Ranulph, 
138. 

Richard, son of Ralph, Bishop of 
Armagh, Oxford Scholar, 
161. 

Rigley feimily, Staff,^ 171. 

Rivers family and their lands, 4, 5. 

Robert Courthose, Curtus, tomb 
in Gloucester, 60, 61. 

Rodeley, Walter, esquire, husband 
to Duchess of Somerset, tomb, 
147. 

Rogers of Berkshire and Dorset, 
16. 

Ros of Ingmanthorpe, Lord, 9. 

Rotherham, Bishop of Lincoln, 
29. 

Rouse, Knt., of Baynton, Wilts, 
24. 

Rowse, Rouse, or Ross, John, 
Chaplain of Guy's Cliff Chan- 
try, 151 note\ tomb, 42; 
Mabilia, tomb, 67. Books 
by, notedby Leland,iS7; Le- 
land's remarks on certain 
notes, 152, 158, 160 [bis), 
161, 163, 165, 167. See In- 
dex IL 

Rutland, Earl or, 7, 8. See vol. i, 
p. 98. 

St. Aelphegus, Bishop of Win- 
chester, 163. 

St. Arilda, virgin martyr, 60. 

St. Caradoc, 166. 

St. Chad, Bishop of Lichfield, 51, 
loi, 158, 159. 

St. Clere, St. Clare, 10. 

St. Edward the Martyr, relics at 
Leominster, 74. 

St. Frideswide, 153. 



St. George, Norroy at arms, 168 
note* 

St. Godwald (?), 91. 

St. Guthlac, 122-126, 127. 

St. Hilda, 168. 

St. Ivo the Bishop, 142. 

St. Leger, 10. 

St. Liz, Simon, 30, 138, 140. 

St. Mildred, Bishop, 166. 

St. Neots and his story, II7-II9* 

St. Osithe, daughter to Frede- 
wald. III, 112. 

St. Oswald, Bishop of Worcester, 
90, 91, 163, 164. 

St. Paul, Mary, Countess, daugh- 
ter to Edward II, 6. 

St. Pega, 127. 

St. Rumoalde, 37, 38. 

St. Waldev of Croyland Abbey. 
See Waldev, Earl. 

St. Winifred the Virgin, her his- 
tory by Prior Robert of 
Shrewsbury, 119- 122. 

Salisbury, Bishop of, and Provost 
of St. Edmund's College, 28. 

Salisbury, Earls of, lords of 
Aylesborow in Chiltem, 112. 

Salway of Worcestershire, 172. 

Sandys, or Sannes, family, 7, 8; 
temp,, 37. 

Savelle of Yorkshire, 30. 

Scales, Thomas, Knt., tomb, 149. 

Scot, John, the teacher at Oxford, 

153. 
Scrope of Masham, Lord, 2. 
Sebroke, Abbot of Gloucester, 

61. 
Serlo, Chaplain to William I and 

Abbot of Gloucester, 60, 61. 
Sheffield family of Axholme, 17. 
Sheffield, Mr., temp,^ 10, 25, 30. 
Shirbums, 21. 
Shrewsbury, Earl of. See Be- 

l^sme. 
Skrimesha of Norbury, Staff, .f a 

lawyer, temp,, 17a 
Snede of Broadwall, Staff,, 172. 
Somerey, Earl, 17. 
Somerset, Edmund, Duke of, 21. 
Somerton of Drayton, Oxon, 13. 



i8o 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Spaine, 15. 

Spenser, property of, 1 10. 

Stafford, Lord, 27; family of 

knights, 95. 
Stanley, Earl of Derby, 35, 37. 
Stanley family of Staffordshire, 

Cheshire, etc., 170, 171. 
Stanley, William, Esq., of Buck- 

nell, and his wife, 34. 
Stanton family. Staff, ^ 172. 
Stapleton, 15. 
Stoner, Stoneher, 19. 
Strangewaise of Harlesey, 2. 
Strangeways, Mr., 6. 
Stratford, John de. Archbishop of 

Canterbury, 49. 
Streitley, Stretley, Strelley, alias 

Sturley family, Notts^ 2, 10, 

II. 
Strongbow, Richard, tomb, 61. 
Sudley, Lord. See Boteler. 
Suffolk, William, Duke of, and 

wife Alice, 5. 
Sulyard, Justiciary of the Marches, 

tomb, 77, 79 note. 
Swillingtons of Yorkshire, 19, 20. 
Swinerton of Swinerton, Staff.^ 

170; of Isehall, Staff, ^ 172. 
Swinesfield, Staff, ^ 171. 

Talbot, Gilbert, 22, 95; Philip, 

22; William, 163. 
Tame of Fairford, 28. 
Tancrevilles, 52. 
Thays, Lord, 17. 
Throckmorton family, 14, 15, 50; 

Sir George, temp,^ 50, 95. 
Touchet, Tuchet, Lord Audley, 

22. 
Townsend family, tetnp.y 12. 
Tracy family of Toddington, 56. 
Tracy, Mr., temp,, 53, 55. 
TregojE, 69. 

Trussell, Mr., temp,, 50. 
Tudor, Tyder. See Meredydd. 
Tunstall, Cuthbcrt, Bishop of 

London, 16. 
Tunstall, John, Knt., tomb, 41. 
Tyrwhit, Turwith, orTurwhit, 15, 

16. 



Vaulx, Lord, 76. 

Vaulx of Naworth, 7. 

Vavasor, Robert, and daughters, 

II. 
Vavasor, William, Sheriff of 

Notts and Derby, 11. 
Veldenar, Veldenet, Jan, ^Titer 

and printer of Utrecht, 1480, 

153. 
Vere of Lincolnshire, 10. 
Vernon, John, 163. 
Vernon, Mr., temp,, 77, *j^note; 

of Staffordshire, 172. 
Vincent of Pekkerton (PPeckle- 

ton), Leic, temp,, 5. 

Waldev, Earl of Huntingdon and 
Northampton, tomb at Croy- 
land, 132; extracts from his 
lives by several writers, 130- 
142; his wife Judith, Count- 
ess of Albemarle, 133, 138, 

139. 

Walgreve family, 17 ; of the court, 
temp., 17. 

Warme-Combe of Lugwardine, 
temp,, 70. 

Warwick, Deans of the Collegiate 
Church of St. Mary's, tombs : 
Alester, 42; William Bares- 
well, or Berkeswell, 41 ; 
Haseley, school master to 
Henry VII, 42. 

Warwick, Earls of, founders in 
Warwick, 45 ; Roger de 
Beaumont, 41 ; Thomas de 
Beauchamp, 41, tomb, 42; 
his son Thomas, tomb, 42 ; 
daughter Catherine, tomb, 
42; Richard, son of last 
Thomas, Lieutenant of 
France, 41; tomb and long 
epitaph, 43 ; at Sutton Cold- 
field, 97; other members of 
the Beauchamp family, 44. 

Warwick, Guido, Earl of, and 
Guy's Cliff, 45, 46. 

Warwick, Neville, Eari of, 98. 

Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester, 
31. 



INDEX OF PERSONS. ETC. i8i 



Wellby, Richard, Esquire, family, 

147, 148. 
Wentforth, Lord, temp.^ 19. 
Westhall, tomb at Banbury, 38. 
Wich, Richard de, an Oxford 

scholar, 161. 
Wikam of Broughton, 14. 
William the Conqueror, 60. 
William of Dunholm, 161. 
William of Malmesbury, 164. 
Willoughby family, 105. 
Willoughby, Jolm, First Lord 

Brooke, 24; Sir Henry, 103, 

105. 
Wingston, an official, 98. 
Woker of Woker, ^/a/., 171. 
Wolsey, Thomas, Bishop of York, 

102. 



Worcester, Bishops of: Lord of 
Stratford, 48; St. Egwin, 
481 52, 53. 168; Bosel, 59; 
manor place at Alvechurch, 

95. 
Worsley, Staff,^ 171. 
Wratesley family. Staff, ^ 170. 
Wykeham, William of, reported 

on by Dr. J. London, 144, 

145. 
Wyvell of Burton Parva, Yorks^ 

temp.y I, 2. 
Wyvell of Slingsby, Yorksy i. 

Yareswick, 171. 

York, Thomas, Archbishop of, 

59. 
Yorke, Mr., temp,^ 8. 



II 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



Abergavenny, 68. 
Acton, near London, 1 14. 
Adinburgh, Notts^ 11. 
Adlingfleet, YorkSy 15. 
Alcester Priory, 47, 50-52, 159; 

Beaucharop*s Hall, 51. 
Alne r., 47, 50; course of, 51. 
Alvechurch, Worc,^ 51, 95. 
Amberley, near Evesham, 53. 
Amersham, 113. 
Anker r., 104, 105. 
Ankerwyke Nunnery, Bucks, 20. 
Arden, ^Vanv., 47. 
Amcot, Oxon, 33. 
Arrow r., 47, 50, 95, 96; course 

of, 51, 52, 72. 
Asewick, Line,, 129, 146. 
Ashton on Trent, 14. 
Astrad brook, Denbighs,, 27. 
Atcham, Salof, 83. 
Athelney, 118. 
Augustinians, chief house of the 

order was at Warwick, 158. 
Aust Cliff, ferry over Severn, 63, 

64, 69. 
Avon r., fVarw,, 40, 45; course 

of, and bridges, 46, 47, 108, 

109. 
Aylesborow in Chiltern, iii. 
Aylesbury town, ill, 112. 
Aylesbury, vale of, no, 113; its 

extent, in. 
Aylesham, Not/,, 150. 
Aynho, 38. 

Bablake, near Coventry, 107. 
Baconsthorpe, 11. 



Balsall, 45, 158. 

Banbury, 38, 39, 109; the Cross, 

38; bridge, 39. 
Barford, 46, 47. 

Barington in the Coteswolds, 63. 
Barnwell, Camb,, 148. 
Baston, Line,, 129. 
Battlefield, near Shrewsbury, 82, 

83. 

Baynton, IViltSy 24. 

Beachley, 68. 

Beaminster, 162. 

Beaubush Park, Sussex, 12. 

Bede's reference to ancient castle 
and abbe^ in Suffolk, attempt 
at identification, 25. 

Bedford, first seat of the Francis- 
cans in England, 165. 

Bedwyn, fViUs, 27. 

Beeby, Leic, 127, 146. 

Bellingham, 7. 

Bello-situm, 151, 167. 

Belvoir Castle, 7. 

Berkeley, Glouc, 63. 

Berks well, 167. 

Bernwood forest, 33. 

Bertin, in France, monks of. See 
Joscelin and Grimbald. 

Beverey, isle in Severn at Wor- 
cester, 164. 

Bewdley, 87-89. 

Bicester, 33, 34, 35, 109; late 
priory, 33. 

Bidford bridge, 47. 

Billesley, Warw,, 50. 
' Birmingham, 96, 97; Deritend 
! hamlet, 96. 



1S2 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 183 



Birthorp, Zi«r., 129, 147. 
Bishop^s Castle, Salop^ 78. 
Bishoprics in early England, seats 

of, 167, 168. 
Bithem castle, farm of the Bishop 

of Winchester, 19. 
Black Hills. See Clent 
Blackthorn, Oxon,, 33. 
? Blewbury, Blebury, 163. 
Blithfield, Stc^,, 171. 
Blore, Bloreton, in the Moorland, 

Staff., 171, 172. 
Blunt Hall, Staff,, 171. 
Bluntisham, Hunts, 144. 
Blythburgh, Suffolk, 19, 25. 
Blythe r., 106. 
Bodmin, 118. 
Bolsover castle, 1 1, 28. 
Bonhommes, order of, brought 

from Ashridge to Edington, 

23,24. 
Books quoted or cited by Leland : 

Bacon, Roger, Epistola de laude 
Artis Mathematicoe, 161. 

Book of burials in the Monas- 
tery of Bury St. Edmunds, 
149, 150; other notes from 
the same Abbey, 148. 

Cambridge, an unknown author 
of old but fabulous book 
upon, 166. 

Chronicle of the Abbots of Croy- 
land, 126-130. 

Chronicle of Osney, 153. 

Flores Historiarum, 153. 

Henry of Huntingdon, 153. 

Henry Knighton, 161. 

Life of Earl Waldev of North- 
ampton and Huntingdon, by 
a monk of Croyland before 
William of C, 133; epitaph 
Life and passion of Earl Wal 
dev, by William of Croyland 
130-132; Book on the Earls 
of Huntingdon and North 
ampton by an unkno>vn au 
thor, 134-142. 

Lives of Saints, viz. , St. Dun 
Stan, by Osbern, 163; St, 
Guthlac, by Felix, 122-125 



by unknown author, 125-126; 
St. Ivo the bishop, by Jos- 
celin of Bertin, 142, On his 
translation and miracles, 143; 
St Neots, copy in Croyland 
Monastery, 1 17-119; St. Os- 
ithe. III; St. Winifred the 
Virgin, by Robert, prior of 
Shrewsbury, 119-122. 
Marianus Scotus, 152. 
Paris, Matthew, notes from, on 
the Universities, 160; on 
Worcester, 165. 
Ralph of Chester, 152, 153. 
Rowse or Rous, John, De Aca- 
demiis Britannicis, 167, 168; 
Oxford, 151, 152, 154-156, 
161; Cambridge, 157; De 
Episcopis Wigomiae, 158, 159, 
103, 165; De Regibus Mer- 
ciorum, 160. 
Veldenar, Jan, Fasciculus temp- 
orum, a chronicle, 1480, 153. 
William of Malmesbury's Life 
of St. Wolstan, 164. 
Bosworth battle, six brothers at, 

18. 
Bourne brook, Staff., 99, 103. 
Bowbridge over Anker r., 105. 
Brackley,A'i^r/Afl«/j, 35-38; castle, 

36. 
Brampton Bryan castle, Salop, 78. 
Brandsby, Yorks, 4. 
Brerewood parish, Staff., 170. 
Bridges over rivers enumerated : 
Avon, Warw., 46. 
Cherwell, no. 
Lugg, 69, 70, 73. 
Meole, 81. 

Severn, at Gloucester and Up- 
ton, 63. 
Teme, 78. 
Bridgnorth, town and castle, 85, 

86. 
Bristol, 69. 

Bromfield, Salop, 78, 79 note; 
castle and moated house, 80. 
Bromsgrove, 94, 95. 
Bromyard, 69. 
Broughton, Hunts, 29 ; Oxon, 14. 



1 84 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Bniern, Oxouy 2. 

Buckden, Hunts ^ 29, 144. 

Buckinghamshire gaol, ill. 

Bucknall, LinCy 129, 147. 

Bucknell, Oxouy 34. 

Buildwas abbey and bridge, 84. 

Builth bridge, 69. 

Burford, Saiop^ 78; barons of, 

75- 
Burgh castle, Suffolk, 25. 
Bunal alive at Brackley, 37. 
Bumham, near Windsor, priory, 4. 
Burston (Birdstane), in Vale of 

Aylesbury, no. 
Burton in Chiltern, ill. 
Burton-on-Trent, 103, 172. 
Bury St. Edmunds town, street of 

the glove-makers, 149. 
Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, notes 

as to history and abbots of, 

148; deeds of famous men 

buried there, 149, 150. 
Abbots, and one prior, Anselm, 
148. 

Edmund Bokenham, 150. 

Edmund de Brondisch, 149. 

Hugh the second, 148. 

John Bohun, 150. 

John Gosford, Prior, 149. 

John Nor wold, 149. 

Richard the first, 149. 

Sampson, 149. 

Simon, 148. 

Thomas, 150. 

Vuio, 149. 

William Cratfeld, 150. 
Other benefactors to the Abbey : 

Baldwin, 149. 

Guarin, son of Gerold, 149. 

John Lavenham, 150. 

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lan- 
caster, 150. 

K. Henry HI, 150. 

K.John, 150. 

K. Richard I, 150. 

K. Richard H, 150. 

King Stephen, 149. 

Lady Mary of Pakenham, her 
husband Edmund, and son 
Thomas, 150. 



Ralph de Hemenhale,knt., 
150. 

William the Conqueror, 149. 
Butterwick, Line,, 17, 147. 
Buttington Bridge, Salop^ 83. 



Cainham castle, Salop, 80. 

Calnc, Wilts, 163. 

Cambridge, Edward, son of King 
Alfred, supposed founder of, 
152, 167; Rowse*s list of 
colleges, halls, and hostels, 
1 57 ; dispute between scholars 
and burgesses, 161 ; notes 
from an old " but fabulous " 
book, 166; and from Rowse, 
167. 

Camden, Chipping Campden, 
Glouc, 38. 

Can well priory, Staff., 103. 

Caps made at Coventry, 108. 

Camel chapel. Bury St. Edmunds, 
149. See Chamel. 

Castle Bromwich, 171. 

Cave, near Hull, 126. 

Cawres (Cause) lordship and 
castle, 26, 27. 

Celesice, ? Selsea, 143. 

Chapel Ascs, Salop, 79 note, 

Chardstock, 163. 

Charlecote, Warw,, 46, 48. 

Charlton, head of Cherwell r., 39. 

Charnel chapel, in Coventry, 107. 

Chaveneys leasis (? leasowes), 
Lek., 7. 

Chelsea, 8. 

Cheltenham, 56, 57. 

Chenies, 113. 

Chepstow, 68 ; timber bridge, 69. 

Cherhill and Barwick, Wilts, 
163. 

Cherwell r., 34, 38; course of* 
39 ; bridges over, 1 10. 

Chesford, bridge over Avon, 108. 

Chester galleried streets, 85. 

Cheviot, 6. 

Childerley, Camh,, 31. 

Chillington, 170. 

Chilswell, near Oxford, 152. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 185 



Chiltern Hills, iii, 112, 113. 

Chilwell, II. 

Chipping Norton, 38. 

Cholderton, East, Hants ^ 7. 

Circeden. See Sarsden. 

Cle Hills, 79 note, 80. 

Clent Hills (Black Hills), 96. 

Cleveland, lordships in, 6. 

Clifton, Yorks, 2. 

Clopton, IVarw,, 50. 

Cloth and draping, 85, 91, 95, 

108. 
Coal, Staffordshire, 97. 
Coldfield Heath, Warw,, 97. 
Coldingham, Berwicks.y 148. 
Cole r., fVanv,, 106. 
Coleshill, 106. 
Colnbrook, 114. 
Colne priory, the " Hall Place," 

Essexy 25. 
Colne r., 113, 114. 
Compton, near Chipping-Norton, 

^ 35- 

Compton Wyniates, 48. 
Conduits of water, Lichfield, 100. 
Corve r., course of and bridge, 

80. 
Cotenham, Camfi., 127, 146. 
Coteswold Hills, 53. 
Cotterstock Collegiate Church, 

30. 

Coughton, 50, 51, 95. 

Coukefield nunnery, near Alcester, 
fVarw.y 52. 

Council at York, King's, 9. 

Cound village, Sa/op, 84; river, 
84. 

Coventry, 103, io6-io8; royal 
Palace there, 108; caps, 108. 

Crediton, 164. 

Crendon and bridge, 110. 

Croft castle, Her^ords.y 75. 

Crosses, at Banbury, 38; at Brack- 
ley, 36. 

Crowland. See Croyland. 

Crowlington, Salopy 83. 

Croxton Abbey, 7. 

Croyland, 123-125 ; monastery 
and abbey, 119; list of abbots 
and properties, 126-130; fur- 



ther notes on Croyland his- 
tory, 146-148. 
Curdworth, 106. 

Dagg bridge over Meole r., 81. 
Dance of Death or Dance of 

Paul's, painted at Stratford- 

on-Avon, 49. 
Deddington, 38. 
Deepings, the, LinCy 126. 
Delf or Dyke, the Kings, Bunts, ^ 

29. 
Deritend, fVanv.y 96. 
Didbrook, GlouCy 53. 
Digby, 18. 
Dinmore Hill, 71 ; commandery 

of St. John of Jerusalem, 71. 
Domesday Book, 164. 
Doncaster, Black friars at, 21. 
Donnington Castle, 5. 
Dore Abbey, 68. 
Dover hermitage, ammonites and 

flint stones in the cliffs near, 

28. 
Drakelow, 169. 
Dray cot parish, Staff, y 171, 
Drayton Basset, Staff, y 103. 
Drayton, Oxony 12. 
Drayton, Salopy 84. 
Droitwich, 89, 92-94. 
Dudley castle, 97. 
Dunedik, PDundyke, 129, 147. 
Dunesdale, Linc.y 129, 146. 
Dunstable, 112. 
Dunwich, remains of ancient castle 

and abbey near, 25 ; rages of 

the sea, 28. 



Eccleshall castle, Staff, y 169, 172. 

Edington, WiltSy 23, 24; col- 
lege of Bonhommes and its 
endowments, 24. 

Elberton, near Chepstow, 63. 

Ellenhall, Staf,y 169. 

Elmington, NorthantSy 127, 146. 

Elston bridge, 68. 

Emscote (Edmundscote), 42, 46. 

Etchells, Cheshircy 171. 

Eton College, 31. 



1 86 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Evesham, 27, 47, 48, 51, 52, 53; 

monastery, 168; old name 

Hetheholme, Hethho, 52, 

168. 
Ewelme, 5. 

Ewyas castle and village, 69. 
Exeter, the Pvnes near, 17. 
Eynesbury (St. Neots), Hunts, 

29, 127. 
Eynesham, 19. 
Eyton, Herefords,y 75. 



Fair Well nunnery given to Lich- 
field, 102. 

Farlegh, chapel of, 162. 

Faseley, IVarw,, 105. 

Finford, PFinham, bridge, 108, 
109. 

Fladbury, 15, 47, 53. 

Flaxley abbey, Glouc,, 64. 

Fleet, Line, 147. 

Fockerby in the Masse, Yorks, 

IS- 
Ford bridge over Lug r,, 70. 
Foresthene, Monm,, 70. 
Forests and Parks : 
Bemwood, 33. 
Cank wood or Cannock chace, 

102. 
Clwyd, Cluid, /Radnor, 75. 
Dean, forest of, GiouCy 63, 64, 

69. 

Feckenham forest. Wore, 50. 

Grafton park, Wore, 95. 

Grove park, near Warwick, 46. 

Haseley park, 46. 

Hogstow forest, Salop, 26, 27. 

Lincote wood, 68. 

Long forest, Sa/op, 80. 

Morfe forest or chace, 85, 86. 

Prinknash park, 62. 

Sutton chace or park, with four 
lodges and five pools, 97. 

Ticknell park, 87, 88. 

Wedgnock park, 46. 

Wyre forest, 87. 
Foss dyke, 147. 
Fotheringay, 30. 
Frankley manor. Wore, 169. 



Fraternities (gilds) : 
Holy Cross, Stratford-on-Avon, 

49. 
St. George, Tamworth, 104. 
St. John, Bablake, 107. 
St. John Baptist at Ludlow, 
76-80; their schoolmaster, 77. 
St. Mary, Lichfield, temp., 99, 
loa 
Freiston, Line, 147. 
Frocester, Gloue, 62. 
Fulbrook park and castle, 46, 47, 
48; Bergeyney Lodge there, 

47. 
Fyfield, Berks, 3. 



Gedney, 129, 146, 147. 

Gilds. See Fraternities. 

Glastonbury, 118. 

Gloucester, city and castle, 57-59 ; 
notes from chronicles of 
abbey, 59, 60; burials, 60, 
61 ; abbots and possessions 
of the abbey, 60, 61, 62; 
Vyneyard, house near, 62; 
bridge, 63. 

Godard's castle, Kent, 30. 

Gosford, Oxon, iia 

Grantchester, 167. 

Great Barton, Cage Hall in, 
ISuff., 15a 

Great Porsand, Line, 147. 

Grecelade, 151, 152, 167. 

Greenhow in Blackmore, 6. 

Gresley castle, Derby s., 169. 

Greystoke, barony, 7. 

Grosmont castle, 71. 

Guy*s CM, Warwick, legend of 
Earl Guido, 45, 46 ; a charm- 
ing place made by Earl 
Richard, 46. 

Gwytherin, Denbighs., 121. 

Hackforth, Yorks, 16, 17. 
Hales Owen, 86. 
Hallington, Line, 129, 147. 
Hampton bridge over Lug r., 70. 
Hampton Court, Hereford, 72. 
Hanbury, Staff., 172. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 187 



Han well, near Banbury, 40. 
Hardwick, near Banbury, 40. 
Ilarley village, Salop^ 84. 
Harnham bridge at Salisbury, and 

new ways from it, 28. 
Harstane, Derbys,, 11. 
Haseley, Oxon, 33, no. 
Hawkesyard, the, Staff. ^ 171. 
Hayles abbey, 53. 
Helperby, 5. 
Helmswell, Line,, 17. 
Henham castle, Suff.^ 25. 
Henley -in- Arden, 51. 
Hereford: castle, 64, 65; town 

and bridge, 65-69; Black 

Friars, 07 ; bishops and 

church, 164. 
Hereford, meaning of name, 6$, 

66. 
Hertlcbury, 62; castle, 89. 
Hetheholme, ancient name and 

site of Evesham, 52, 168. 
Heyford, Oxon, no, 
Heytesbury, 163. 
Heywood upon Trent, 169. 
Hill Court, near Eccleshall, Siaff,^ 

172. 
Hillingdon, Middx,<, 114. 
Hill- wood, Sutton Chace, Warw,^ 

97. 
Hilton, Durham^ 14. 
Hilton, Staff, ^ 170. 
Hockington, Camb.^ 127, 146. 
Hodnet, Saiopy 84. 
Hogstow forest, Salop^ 26, 27. 
Holbeach, 129, 147. 
Holbeck, Notts y 11. 
Holland, Lanc^ priory of black 

monks, 21. 
Holland, Line,, 148. 
Hooke, Linc.y 5. 
Hook Norton, Oxon^ 5. 
Hopwas, 103. 
Horham Hall, Essex, 31. 
Horscley, Staff., 170. 
Hounslow, 114; Maturin friars at, 

112. 
How, Herts, 9. 
Huntingdonshire : boundaries, 29, 

30; forest land, 29. 



Huntingfield Hall, East Braden, 
149. 

Ickford bridge, 33. 

Ildesley, now Ilsley, Berks, 24. 

Ingestre Hall, Staff,, 171. 

Ingmanthorpe, Yorks, 9. 

Iron mines and forges, in Forest 
of Dean, 64 ; Staffordshire 
and Warwickshire, 97. 

Isbome r., 53, 55, 56. 

Islip, Oxon, no. 

Itchen r., 21. 

Ivington, 72. 

Ixning, Suff,, 134. 

Jerusalem, Almaric, Patriarch of, 
158. 

Jerusalem, Order of St. John of: 
commandery of Balsall, near 
Warwick, 45, 158; the chapel 
belonged to the prior in Lon- 
don, 45 ; hospital of, at Here- 
ford, formerly belonged to 
the Templars, 67; comman- 
dery at Dinmore, 71; house 
of, and possessions of Temp- 
lars at Warwick, 158. 

Kemmes, abbey of St. Dogmael, 

Pembroke, 27. 
Ken r., 73. 
Kendal, 7. 

Kenilworth, 167; castle, 109. 
Kesteven, 129, 147. 
Kidderminster, 86, 87. 
Kingsland village and bridge, 73, 

74, 75. 
King*s Norton, Warw,, 96. 
King's Sutton, Northants, 35, 38. 
Kington, near Thombury, 60. 
Knepp castle, Sussex, 12. 
Knightley, Staff., 170. 
Knighton, Salop, 78. 

Lackford, Suff, fishing rights 

from Sidelesmere, 149. 
Langley, 3, 4 ; in Derbyshire, 14, 
Langtoft, Line., 129, 147. 
LanUiony priory, Gloue., 63. 



i88 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Lazar chapel at Hereford, 67 ; at 
Worcester, 90. 

Learn r. and bridge, 109. 

Lechlade, 151, 167. 

Ledwiche brook, 78, 79 note, 

Leebotwood, 81. 

Leicester, Broadgate, Marquis of 
Dorset's bouse near, 98. 

Leland, John. See Index I. 

Lenthall family, 72. 

Lentwardine, 78, 79 note, 

Leominster, 70, 72, 74, 75 ; Com- 
fort Castle, near, 68, 75 ; an- 
cient nunnery there, 73. 

Lepers. See Lazar. 

Library at Bury St. Edmunds, 
14^8; in Lichfield Cathedral, 
102. 

Lichfield, 99-103; castle, 99; 
cathedral, loi, 102; steward 
of, 172; Archbishop, 84; 
hermit-bishop, 84. 

Lichfield and St Chad, bishopric, 
i58-i6a 

Limerock priory, 70, 73; bridge, 

73- 

Lincote Wood, 68. 

Lindrid^e, JVarw,, 97. 

Little Billing, 23. | 

Llanbadam, Kinocus or Cynoc, 1 
Bishop of, 167. 

London: Cripplegate nunnery, 1 
afterwards Elsing Hospitsd, i 
29 ; Marylebone and St. I 
James's Park, 114; St. Bar- | 
tholomew's priory, 16. j 

Longleat priory, IVi/rsy 163. 

Louvain, Mr. Bane in, 145. 

Lowestoft, 25. 

Loxley, S/qfiy 171. 

Ludlow, town and bridge, 76-80; 
Ludeford suburb, 78, 79 no/e, 

Lugg r., 69, 70, 72, 73. 

Lugwardine, 70. 

Lyonshall, 69. 

Maiden Bradley, 87. 
Maidstone, 30. 

Malvern hills and priory, 91, 92, 
164. 



Marches of Wales, Chancellor, 
70. 

Marlow, Little, 20. 

Marton, 109. 

Marylebone brook, near London, 
114. 

Masham, Yorks, 2. 

Masse, the, Yorks, 15. 

Maturin friars at Aylesbury, etc., 
112. 

Med way r., 30. 

Meole r. and bridges, 81. 

Merche, or Mercia, three queens 
abbesses of Gloucester, 59; 
kings, Ethelred and Bem- 
ulph, 59, Oswy and Penda, 
loi; earls, Algar and Leo- 
fric, 66. 

Mercians, bishopric of, its divi- 
sions, 168. 

Meriden, IVarw., 106. 

Middleton castle, Oxan, 35. 

Middleton park, IVarw.f 105. 

Milcote, IVarw., 50. 

Mint in Coventry, 108. 

Misboume r., 113. 

Missenden, Great and Little, 3; 
priory, 4, 113. 

Mitton village, W^r^., 89. 

Monmouth, town and bridge, 71. 

Monnow r., confluence with Wye 
r.,69, 70. 

Montford bridge, 83. 

Mordiford bridge, Hereford, 69. 

Morville, Saiop, 85. 

Mottisfont priory, 8. 

Moulton and castle, in Holland, 
Line,, 147, 148. 

Nantglyn, Denbigh, 27. 
Naworth, 7. 
Nene r., 29, 129. 
Nethcrbury, Dorset, 163. 
Newark, 63. 
Newburgh, 4, 7. 
Newenham, Glouc., 57, 63. 
Newhall, Derby s,, 14. 
Norbury, Staff,, 170. 
Norman Cross hundred, Hunts, 
29. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 189 



Northampton, house of Walgreve 

there, 17. 
Northamptonshire, southernmost 

village in, 38. 
Norwich castle, 149. 

Ombersley, 89. 

Onny r., 78, 79. 

Oseney church, founded by Rob- 
ert D'Oilly II, 153, 154. 

Otmoor, Oxan, 34, iia 

Oundle, 30. 

Ouse r., Northants^ 35, 37. 

Oxford, 151-156, 160, 161; castle, 
153; streets of, named, 154- 
156; notes on early history, 
Grecelade and King Alfred, 
151, 152; events a.d. 979 to 
1 1 29, 153; Rowse's lists of 
colleges and halls, with their 
special objects, 154-156; halls 
destroyed in or before his 
time, 156; Edmund Hall, 
notes on, 154, 156; historical 
notes from Matthew Paris, 
Rowse, and Knighton, 160, 
161. 

Oxford, Black friars Church, 3. 
Gray friars Church, 4. 
Magdalen College, 31. 

Ox ton, Notts y II. 

Papworth St. Agnes, 30. 

Paris, famous English students at, 

160. 
Pembridge, Hereford^ 72. 
Penally r., course of, and bridge, 

73. 
Penkridge, 170, and Pillenhall, 

169. 
Pershore, 27. 

Peterborough, quarry at, 149. 
Peykirk, NorthantSy 127. 
Pildour, 47. 

Pipe, near Lichfield, loi, 171. 
Pleshcy castle, Essexy anciently 

Tumblestoun, 20. 
Pontesbury, Salopy church and 

castle, 26. 
Powick mills, 92. 



Presteigjn bridge and market, 70, 

73- 
Preston in Amoundemess, College 

of Gray friars at, 20, 21. 
Prinknash park, 62. 

Quainton, 3, 4. 
Quappelode. See Whapelode. 
Quarrendon, BuckSy 110, ill. 
Quatford, Salopy 86. 
Quedgley, 63. 
Queenborough, Kenty 145. 

Radley, near Abingdon, BerkSy 2. 
Ramsey Abbey, huntSy 143, 144, 

163. 
Ramton jjriory, 169. 
Rea r. , Birmingham, 96. 
Reading abbey, 74. 
Redgrave Hall, Bury St. Edmunds, 

149. 
Repton, 103. 

Rhe r. (now the Cound), 84. 
Ribchester on the Ribble, 21. 
Ribble r., 21. 

Richard's Castle, Herefd.y 76. 
Ripley, Worc^y 88. 
Roche, Carmarthens.y 23. 
Rockstane (now Stourport), 87, 

89. 
Roes in Shropshire forests, 80. 
Romsey, Hants y 23. 
Ross, wooden bridge over Wye r., 

69. 
Rougham, Suff.y 150. 

St. Albans, battle of, 5. 

St. Albans, Salisbury park, 31. 

St. Bartholomew's, Smithfield, 

priory, 16. 
St. Chad's Well, Lichfield, 99. 
St. David's (Menavia), Pemb^yifyj, 
St. Guthlac's priory, Herefordy 68. 
St. Ives, HuntSy 142-144. 
St. Leonard's by Stamford, cell of 

Durham, 148. 
St. Neots, HuntSy 127. 
St. Oswald's chapel and cemetery, 

Worcester, 90, 91. 



192 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Wormbridge, 68. 

Wonnesley r., 71. 

Worseley bridge on Trent, Staff, ^ 

171. 
Wratesley, 17a 
Wreken hill, the. 83. 
Writhorpe, Northants^ 127, 146. 



Wroxall priory, 46. 
Wroxeter, 83. 
Wyer.,64, 65, 69. 
Wytham, Berks, 3. 

Yarm, Yorhs, 6. 
York Minster, 59, 60. 



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