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Full text of "The Itinerary of John Leland the Antiquary ...: In Nine Volumes"

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1>A 

(bio 

,L53 





THE 


ITINERARY 


O F 



JOHN LELAND 

THE 

A N T I QJJ A R Y. 



Vol. the Second. 



Publifh'd from the Original MS. in the 

BODLEIAN Library 

By Thomas Hearne M.A. 

To which is prefixed 

M^ Lb land's Nania apon the Death of 

Sir THOMAS WYATT: 

And at the End are annexed 

(i.) An Account of (everal Antiquities in and 
about the Univerfity of Oxford. (2.) A Latin 
Oration fpoke before King Henry vii. at 
Cambridge. (3.) Dr. Plot's Account of an in 
tended Journey through England and Wales. 



The Second Edition. 



II 



X FO J^Z), 

Printed at the T h E a t e r for James Fletcher, Bookfellei' 

in the Turl^ and "fofeph Fate, Bookfeller at Eton, 

MDCCXLIV. 



EX. 

JO^NNIS T^RKHURSTl 

Ladicris five Epigrammatibas Javenilibus, 
L o N D I N I anno molxxui. editis, pag. aS. 

Noftrt habet infigaesj LelMnde^ Britgnnid vates^ 
Te magis iniignem non habet ilia t^men. 

Id bene teftantur praeclara Poemata nuper 
Edica, quae potuic compofuifle Maro. 

Perge at CGepiftt, coeptum nee defere ciirfam^ 
Et patriam (cripcis condecorato tnis. 



Advertifement. 

Mr. Stowe has writ at the beginning of this Vo- 
lame as follows, 

1^42. Commentaria Anglise John Lay land of late writen 
by John Stowe in anno 157^, 

Lib. I. 
quinta die Maij anno Dom. i^^. 
Brentforde from 






d 



THE 

PREFACE. 



THE Approhatton the Fifft Folume of Afr* Leland** 
Itinerary hath met with from feveral lEjiCtWtXit Per* 
fons of great Candour, Learning <a»^ Judgment hath 
encoura^d me to puhltft) a Second Volume : and I wiS 
take care to communicate the remaining Parts to the Publick 
with all convenient Expedition. 

I muft not negleSi this opportunity to return my teartf 
thanks and acknowledgments to Mr* Henry Prescot^ 
Regifter d/Chefter, /zw ingenious, curious tf»i learned Co/* 
leBor of Antiquities ; who as foon as he heard of my Defiga 
was pleased to exprejs a more than ordinary concern for ity by 
endeavouring to procure for my uje a Copy of five Volumes of 
the Itinerary written by the Hand of that eminent Antiquary 
JWr. John Stow, who died A. D. mdcv. in the %o^ Tear of 
his Age *. Mr. P r E s c o T found thefe Volumes in the Handt 
<?)[■ Robert Davis <?^,Lnannerch in the County of Den- 
bigh E/f ;. who^ upon Mr^V R E s c o T*s SoUicitationj was in^ 
clin^d to lend them' Ho me ^ and we have no reafon to doubt 
hut he would have reaUy done it^ had he not been prevented by 
Death, which happened foon after ^ to the no fmaU Lofs ofthoje 
that Jludy our Britifh Antiquities, in which he was very well 
skill d^ and was always ready to ajjifi and encourage thofe that 
apply themfelves to thefe Studies, as may partly appear from 
the many Favours he conferred upon my late learned Friend 
Mr. Edward ^sLhuyd, Keeper of the Afhmolean Mu- 
feum, who died on Thurfday the 30th of June mdccix. [a 
little before one a Clock in the Morning) within a few 



9t See the Folio Edition of his Survey oi London pag. lyz. 
b. and the beft Edition of his Annals pag. 8ii. b. h See the 
Preface to the Firft Volunie of his Archaologia Britannica. 

Vol. a. a Months 



H THE PREFACE. 

Months after he had been generoujly eleHed to a profitable 
Poft hy the Univerfiiy of Oxfo r d. After Mr. Davie s*s 
Death ^ his Library fe// into the Hands of his S. n, an ingeni- 
ous, worthy young Gentleman^ who as he is of the fame com- 
municative and generous Diffofti^n with his Father, /(? there is 
good reafon to hope that he win oMige me with the yfe of Mr. 
btow's Tranfcript. Jf he Jhall fleafe to grant fuch a Favour 
to one that is utterly a Stranger to him^ and hy that means 
deferve Tpell of the PubUck ^ as I fhaU look ufon it as a re- 
markable Inltaacc of his Generofity, /i> Ijhatt take aUfoffible 
tare to give a faithful Account of ifs Contents, and I will e»- 
deavour to make what Improvements I can hy the Help of it. 
To this Second Volume I have annexed ( i ) An Account of 
fever al Antiquities in and about the Univerfity «/ Oxfor d. 
/ sould have made it much fuller and larger^ had not I been 
fessfUe that this would have fweWd the Volume beyond it's due 
Proportion, let I thought once to have made fome Obferva- 
tions concerning the firfi Original of Printing rwOxFORD; 
but that would have been in fome degree to have broke in upom 
the Provkfce of another Perfon^ who has for above twenty Tears 
ieen making ColleBions in order to write a compleat Htfiory of 
the Originu and Progrefs of Printing. The Materials be has 
t^ocur^d are very curious, and Jhew that the Golledlor has 
imphfdhis time to good p$trpofe. U^euever they are Metho" 
Jix^^dand judicioujly reduced into Order ^ they cannot fail of 
meeting with Succefs, aTtd giving ample SatisfaBion to ail 
fuch as are defirous to be acquainted with the Myfteries of this 
Art in all it s Branches. {^%) A Latin Oration fpoke before 
King Kenry VIL at Cambridge, by a Learned Prelate. I 
Jight npon it in the Archives of the Bodlej an Library. 
^is written on Velkm in a very neat Hand^ and I guefs that 
^tis the CoDy foMch was prefented to the King. Neither the 
Author's JName^ mr the time when 'twas delivered are ex- 
fr^s'd in the MS. Itfpeaks of the Antiquity <?/ Cambridge ; 
and therefore I thought it not fbrreign to the prefent Defign. 
{ g ) Br. Plot's Account of a Journey which he intended to make 
through England and Wales for colleBiftg Antiquities and o- 
ther Curiofities. He was chnefly mov'd to this Attempt ky the 
Example of Mr. LeUnd and Mr. Camden* His Prc^om <a- 
bout MSS. is highly commendable. 'Tis a general Complaint 
amon^fl the belt Scholars that Travellers are flight in that 
farticniar. They feldom take notice of what is mofi valuable 
in Libraries^ but content themfelves with flender Accounts of 
Things that have been obferv*a over and over. Montfaucon 
tpasjeniible of this ; and for that reafon he took another Me-- 
thod^ and has publifll^d an exaSi Account of many of his Dif- 

coveric:^ 



V 



THE PREFACE. HI 

coveries in hts Diarium Italicum and his Palacographia Graeca. 
The like was done by Mabillon. Both thefe Authors may be 
fitly proposed to fuch as defign to make their Travels really ufe* 
ful to learned Readers. 

As I was looking over Mr. Leland's printed Fieces in the 
BoDLEjAN iJbrary^ amongft Mr, Seidell's Books I met 
vith his Naeniac upon the Deatk ef Sir Thomas Wyatt 
(which came out at London in mdxlii, in one Jheet and an 
half in Quarto , and was the firfi thing he ever printed ) 
corrected with Mr. Leland's own Hand. I was foon induced 
to reprint it with thefe Corredkions, and I cannot find a pro^' 
pcrer Tlace for it than this Second Volume. I have therefore 
here prefixed it^ together with an Account ef Sir Thomas Wy- 
att's life taken from Mr. Wood's Athenae Oxonienfes. 

Edm. Hall. 

JD^. lyth MDCCX. 



The 



a ^ 



IV 



fc.^fcr^iit,. 



The Life of 

S^ THOMAS WYATT 

out of 

ATHENM OXON. 

Vol. I. col. 49* 

THOMAS WTATT^ The Delight of the Mufes 
and Mankind, Son of Hetay Wyatt of AlUngton-^ 
Caftle in Kent Knight and Banneret, by Anne his 
Wife, Daughter of John Skinner of Surrey^ was bora 
of an ancient and gentile Family in the faid County of Kent^ 
fent to Camhrtdge to be initiated in Academical Learning, 
tranfpl anted thence to Oxon. purpofely to advance himfelt 
in knowledge by the hearing of the Cardinal's Lectures, then 
lately fettl'd there : but whether he took a Degree with us, 
or at CamMJge^ I nnd not as yet. Afterwards he being fent 
to TraveL he retum'd an accomplifli'd Gentleman, and was 
cfteem'd oy all thofe that knew him to be a Perfoa adom'd 
with the Endowments as well of Body and Mind, at of For- 
tune. By the daily and unwearied Pradtice of the two former, 
\vhile he was in his Travels, and after his Return, he became 
not only well skiird in Military Matters, but alio in feveral 
Arts and Tongues ; and as efteem'd ftrong and valiant in 
Body, fo powerful in Mind and Counfel. At length he with 
Henry Howard or Howard Earl of Surrey^ (who alio had tra- 
Tcird into Italy ^ and there tafted the fweet and ftately Mea- 
fiijes and Style of the Italian Poefie ) being efteem'd to be 
the firft Refiners of the Engltjh Tongue, Wyatt was introduced 
into the Court, was belovM of King HenryWUl. who ho- 
TiourM him with the Degree of Knighthood, and fent him in 
feveral Embaffies beyond the Seas, which he very prudently 
performed with great Truft to the Honour of his Matter. But 
that which i$ here to be in a fpecial manner marked, was 
his admirable skill in Poetry, which in his firft Years of rea-. 
fon he exprefs'd in feveral amorous Songs and Poems: with 
which, as alfo his witty Jefts, the King himfelf being in an 

high 



TheLsfeofStrTHOMABW-fArr. 
high manner delighted, they were fo much admir*4 by the 
Men of that, and the next Age, (tho I prefiime they are 
now loft) that fome have not ftuck to report, that as -Afo- 
canaf^ Ovid^ Tihullu$^ &c. have been among the Latins moft 
famous for Elegy; fb Sir Thomas Wyatt the Elder, Henry 
Haward Earl of Surrey^ Sir Francis Brian of the Privy-Cham- 
ber to King Hip»ry VlII. (and a Traveller in mdxxviii.) Sir 
Fhilip Sydney^ George Gafcoigne Efq; &c. have among the 
Englijh been moft paffionate to bemoan the, Perplexities of 
Love,. For hisTranflation alfo of D/zw^/'sPfalms mto Englijb 
Meeter. and other of his Poetry, Iceland the Antiquarian 
Poet if forbears not to compare him to Dant and Fetrarch 
thus: 

Bella fuum merito &c. tranflated by another Hand as 
followeth : 



Let Florance/r/V her Dzntcsjt/flly ^ ^ ^ , 
And Royal Rome her Petrarcn's numbred Feet ; 

In Englifli Wyatt both of them doth coaffi^ 
In whom alt grateful Eloquence doth meet. 

In his younger Years, as I have told you before,he composed: 
Several Songs and Poems. — — Many of which are m the 
fi Songs and Sonnets of Hsn. Haward Earl of Surrey^ Son of 
that vidtorious Prince, the Duke of Norfolk^ and Father of 
that learned Howard ( fometimes his molt lively Image ) 
Henry Earl of Northampton. Which incomparable Earl of 
Surrey (who intirely lovM our Author Sir Thomas Wyatt) 
hath, among other tnings, tranflated VirgiP^JEneids : the firlt 
and lecond Book whereof he hath admirably renared line 
for line. Sir Th. IVyatt alfo in his elder Years tranflated into 
Englijh Meeter, ( i ) The penitential Ffalms^ in one Book. 
(2) The whole FJaltery of Dzwid : in praife of which laft, is 



a In N^eniis in mort, Tho. Viati edit. Lond. MDXLII. p. 4. 
Vide etiam in Encomiis fuis illujlr. virorum, &C. p.. 47. 
fi Printed at Lond. in odavo an. mdlxv. and mdlxxxvii. 
IV. * The fecond Impreflion was full of grofs Faults. I 
have feen a Copy of it amongft Mr. Selden's Books (8vo, 
H. 43» Arc.) correfted throughout with a Peni to the great 
help and eafe of the Reader. H. 

* The fecond Jmpreffion &c.] I have been miflead by Mr. li»«i, in calling tbt 
Ed. of MDLxxyif. the lecond Inopreflion. For I have fince feen, and been in- 
fq^me-d of lever^l other Impre^oos before, which are likewife yery fauhy. 

aa 



VI Tie L'fe afSirTnoUAsVir AT r. 

an Encomium in the SoMgf mand Smnets of the Earl of Surrey 
bcfore-mention'd. At length our Author IVyatt being fent 
by the King towtrds Falmouth in Cornwall^ to condud M^nU 
marantius firnam'd i Courtiers thence to Londtm^ (for he 
came from Sfam in an Embaffie) did, by endeavouring and 
labouring to pleafe the King, rather than to confult his own 
Health, make more Haft than good Speed. For by too much 
riding (which was not ncceffarily required) in a very hot 
Seafon, he fell into a violent Feaver. Whereupon putting 
in at a Mercate Town caird Shtreboum in Dvrfet'Jhin^ was 
within few days after cut off from among the living in the 
t8* Year of his Age to the great Reludancy of the King, 
Kingdom, his Friends, and all that knew the great Worth 
and Virtues of the Perfon. He was buried m the great 
Church there, in Summer time, in Fifteen Hundred forty 
and one, and the next Year was a little Book of Verfes pu- 
blifli'd on his Death by his great Admirer JohnLeUnd^ entit. 
N£n$a. Before the nrft Page of which is Sir Thomases Face, 
with a long curl'd Beard (like to a Man of 80. Years of 
Age) printed from a Wooden /ftCut, ingrav'd from his Face, 
which was y painted by a Dutch-M^n commonly call'd Hans 
ttol^. At the fame time was an Epttafh maae on him by 
the ^Earl of Surrey^ as it feems, another alfo by Sir Tho. 
%Chaloner in long and fliort Verfes, and a third, which was 
a large one in Profe, by his intire Friend Sir John Mafon 
(Chancellor oHhis Univerfity mdliii.) a Q)py of which I 
have feen, and in fome things do follow it in my alorefaid 
Difcourfe. This Sir Tho. wyatt left behind him a Son of 
both his Names, begotten on the Body <rf his Wife EJszs- 
tethj Daughter of Thomas Brook Lord Coiham^ who being a 



M Printed at Lond. mdlmxvii. fol. i*. fi This Pifturc 
I have causM to be done exadlly in Copper in this Edition. 
H. y fainted by a Dutch-man &c.] I am inclinM to believe 
that this Wooden Cut was alfo done by Hans Ho/ben him- 
felf. 'Tis certain that he cut fometimes in Wood. And 
the Beauty of this Cut will hardly permit as to fix upon any 
other but him, the Cuts in Wood at that time, at leaft the 
greateft part, that came from other Hands being wretch- 
edly bad. ^ In the faid Songs and Sonnets fol. 84. 1 In lib* 
fuo cui tit. eft, De iUuJirlum juorundam encomiis^ cum Ept^ 
gram. & Efitaphtis nonnulih. Lond. mdlxxix. qu. p. 358. 
IP: There is another Epitaph upon him made by John Park- 
hurft Bp. of Norwichj and printed an. mdlxxiii. in pag. a^. 
of Parkhurfi^s Ludicrajtve Eplgrammata Juv^ti^t* H. 

Com- 



Tie Life of sir T HO M AS Wy AT t2 yil 

"Commotioner in the Reign of Queen Mary^ loft his Head, 
and lett Ifliie by ya?^ his Wife, Daughter and Coheir of 
William Hawte of Bourn Knight, a Son named George Wyatt 
of Boxley in Kent Efq; reftor'd 13. Eiizak I find another 
Thomas Wyatt toh2Lve beenaStudent mCamhridge mdlxxxvii, 
in which Year he had a Copy of Verfes put into Academic 
Cantabrigtenfis lachryma^ tumulo D. Philippi Sydneii facrata. 
Publifli'd by Alexander Nevill. 



NAENIAE 

\ 

IN MORTEM 

THOM^ VIATl 

EQUITIS INCOMPARABILIS. 

JOANNE LELANDO 
ANTIQUARIO 

A U C T O R E. 



LONDINI 

Anno m. d. xlii. 



IN EFFIGIEM 

THOUM VIATl 

Holbenus nitida pingendi maximus arte 
Effigiem expreific graphice : fed nuUus Apelles 
Exprimet ingenium felix animumqae Viati. 




^ InipenfuJ Editori*. \\B^^./c^l^. 

Aetas Viati. 

Syderei peteret quum cceli regna Viatas 
Tempora luftrorum non dam compleverat odo. 



k 



JOAN- 



XI 



yOyO^NISLEL^JNS)! AixrioyAJLii ^«- 

Carmen ad 

Henricum Houardum 

Regnoram comiteni, 
Juvenem tarn nobiliflf. cum dodiifimum. 

ACCIPE Regnorum comes illuftriffime carmen, 
Qup mea Mufa tuum laudavit moefta Viatum 
Non exfpedato fublatum fiinere terris. 
Nominis ille tui dum vixit magnus amator. 
«Non modo tu vivum coluifti candidus lUum, 
Verum etiam vita defiindlum carmine tali 
CoUaudafti, (juale fuum Chaucerus avitx 
Dulce decus hnguas vel jufte agnofceret efle. 
Perge Houarde precor virtute referre Viatum, 
Dicerifque tuae dariflima gloria ftirpis- 
jS Clams fons. 

Casfaris orator Maurentius oftia False 

Fluminis intravit vela fecunda ferens. 
Eft data ducendi legatum cura Viato, 

Hifpanis nullus notior Anglus erat. 
Urbs antiqua tenet regum monumenta duorum 

Clams fons, fedes pontificumque fuit. 
Hie per difpofitos pronerantem currere mannos 

Invaiit Tkomam pelUs, & atra febris. 
Nobilis Horfxus morienti lumina clau&t, 

QuemDurotrijgamgenscolit, omat, aniat. 
Aetemum peperit Clams fbns morte Viati fag. &» 

Nomen, & illuftris fit magis inde locus, 

m Sic in exemplaii noftro Seldeniano calamo fuo correx- 
it ipfe Lelandus. Aotea, Nupf modo non vhmm colujfii &c« 
/I slbsreiume fcribimr ia margine exemplaris c[uo urns fum* 

Vol !• b X OfEcium 



Xlt L E L AN D I Nania in mortem 

Officium pietatis. 
Sint moefhc Chiiritcs, lubentiaeque, 
Et triftes fileant fales, lep6refque : 
Exftindus jacet en yiatus iIlC| 
Illfc, inqutm, deeufc uhitkin Blitadaas 
Gentis, cujus ab ore profluebant 
Mufarum numeri rotundiores. 
Vos cygni pia turba concihentes 
Sublimem medio locate coelo 
Veftrum pro meritk flils pofctam, 
£c famam date candidi perennem. 

Cblijiitiftib iiiimortuti. 
Me tibi conjunxit cpmitem gratiffima Granta, 

Granta Camoenanim' gloria, fima^ decmi. 
Dividet ilia animos mors ingratiflSma noftros ? 

N«n faciet: longum chare Viate vale. 

Comparatio. 
Qualis erat dypei domintrs fcptcmplicis Ajax : \ V 

Qualis & in bcllo Troicus Heaor erat : 
QujOis erat curru celeri cbntdftus AchiUcs : 

Noftra quidem talis pdnia Viattis feques. 

^« 5* ImmOftalis Viatus. 

Ante fuos Titan radios oftchdere mundo 
Definet, & nitidas Cynth!i pulchra fiiccs: 

Definet ante novos floi«« producer^ tellus 
Quam pereat nomen^ clare Viate, tuurn* 

Deledtis amicbrdm. 

Candido amicorum numerum dedit auli Via^ i 
Sed tres praecipue felqgit Wiicus anucos*.. 
Excoluit largi Poyninfi nobile pe£tu$« 
Ingenio Blagi deledaba^^r jacuto. 

^ Dodrinx titulo gracus Mafonius albo, 

Hi nunc defundhira ladirimarum fluir^.^^ lugenr^ 
Tergemina chanim rdfowjitcfi voce Viattun, 

ApotbeofiSf 
Inter coelicolas nuper certamen obortum : 

Diffidii vero ciwmi ViitU^ ewt. * - 

Mars ait eft nofter iuvenum fortiffioutti iUe : 

Pbcebas at iJDgshii Hpsjd't iUe ineus. 
M^;x:uJriu8 virg^ utem diw>lvit^& aJtU 
Iniwitcxutam coxporc fydcfipiw, _ ^ *v ; 

'" Cdmmunis 



D.Thom JB, VlATI equitis. XIII 

Gommuiiis doloh 

Trifti carmine paflerem Catullus 

Exftinftum queritur parum pudicus. 

Deflet Stella fuae vices Columbx 

Vates moUiculus, tenet, dnaedus- **««-4 

At nos qui colimus feveriora^ 

Et Mufas fequimur facratiores. 

Lumen judicii boni Viatum 

Abreptum querimur doldrfe jufto. 

Anglus par Italic. 

Bella fuum merito jaftet Florehtia bantem : 

Regia Petrarchse carmina Roma probet. 
His non inferior patrio fermone Vijatiis, 

Eloquii fecum qui dectts omne tulit. 

Gemitils turturis. 

Aeria turtur gemitus tunc fudit ab ulmo, 
E medio raperent quum triftia fata Viatum. 

Mors vidtrix- ^ 

Tu bellatorum vicifti tela, Viate : 
Nulla manus mortis vincere tela poteft. 

Unicus i)hoBni3f, 

Una dies ^eminos phoenices Hon dedit orbi. 

Mors erit unius, vita fed alterius. 
Rara avis in terris cotrfeftus morte Viatus, 

Houardum heredem fcripferat ante fiium. 

Vita poft ciner^fi. 

Dicere nemo poteft redlfe periifle Viatum, 
Ingenii cujus tot monimenta vigent. 

Qu^eia Philomelas. Pag. j. 

Tempore non folito cedhit Philomela canora, 

Virtutis caderet quum prima corona Virtus. 

Cantrix cantorem memo lugebat adexnptum. 

Ofncii memor adfonult nemua omne canenti. \ 

Mohs ^cutus. 

Logueri burgus, quem nomine Montis acuti 
Aetas noftra vocat, dolninxmi,jeratumque pattonuiii 
Sollicitis votis Optabat habere Viatum. 
Vnde Xuas coepit paullatim expandere criftas. 

Aft 



^^ Lel AUDI N^ni^m mortem 

Aft animis nunc fpe fubkta concidit omni, 
Ingentem totis teftis patiturque ruinam. 
Hinc Murotriges crudelia fata vocare 
Non ceflant, iiibito quae fubtraxere Viatiim. 

Cantii deiiderium. 
Exfl-inftum « lugeto tuum generofa Viatura 
Cantia; quo vivo lumine major eras. 

Vaga fluvius. 
Nuper clara Vagac fiicies ? nunc fiifcula nympha 
Eft lutcis turbata vadis, dominumque Viatum 
Sublatum queritur falebrofo murmure triftis. 
Quid quod & infelix lachrimis indulget obortis, 
Verberat & curvas violent© gurgite ripas ? 

Alaunodunum. 
Magnanimus dum vixit Alaunia caftra Viatus 
Fag-^« In pretio ftabant : fed nunc tutore remono 

Deponunt animos, & culmina celfa reclinant. 

Clades eloquentiae. 
Eloc|uii flumen, lumen, fiilmenque Viatus 
Concidit, argutum nunc filet omne melos, 

Lima Viati. 
Andica lingua fuit rudis & fine nomine rhythmus : 
Nmc limam agnofcit, dode Viate, tuam, 

Nobilitas debet Vlato. 
Nobilitas didicit te praeceptore Briranna 
Carmina per varios fcrioere poffe modos. 

Viatus pfiiltes* 
Tranftulit in noftram Davidis carmina linguam, 

Et numeros magna reddidit Hsarte] pares. 
Non morietur opus terfum, fpeaabile, lacrum: 

Clarior hac fama parte Viatus erit, 

Elementonim ludus. 
Non feat officium folitum vis ignea cceli: 

Irriguas aer folvitur in lachrimas. 
Turbine ventorum montes confiirgit in altos 

Pontus: terra macram triftitiamque refert. 

m Sic calamo correxit Lelandus. Antea perhj^e tuum* 
1^ Vox inclufa fupra Uq. calaqtio fcribitur in Exemplari noftro 
SeldenianOf 

CauIHi 



p. Thomje Viati equitif. XV 

Cauffa guidem jufta eft, fenfere elementa Viatum 
Delicias orbis deperiiUe meras. 

Calculus Gacfaris. p^^^^ 

Carolus eximias vires laudare Viati ^ 

Cxfar, & eloquium eft folitus laudare Viati. 
Ingenues mores Cscfar laudare Viati, 
Ingeniumque prpbum folitus laudare Viati* 
Cxfaris unius multorum calculus inftar. 

Profopographia. 
Si quis in hac,noftra non vidit gente Viatum, 
Hsec legat, atque viri formam ubi colligat omnem. 
Corpore procerum finxit natura Viatum, 
Ejus & invidis nervos dedit ilia lacertis. 
Addidit hinc faciem, qua non formofior altra* 
Laeta ferenats fubfixit lumina fronti, 
Lumina fiilgenteis radiis imitantia ftellas. 
Csefariem juveni fubflavam contulit: inde 
Defluxit fenfim crinis, calvumque reliquit. 
Sylva fed excrevit promiffie denfula barbx. 
Quifquis erit pofthac fyncerus cultor honefti 
Laudibus emeritis felicem toUat ad aftra 
Nobile folercis naturas plafma Viatum* 

Viatus aquila. 

Summa petit magni Jovis ales & irdua tentat. 
Talis naturae aote Viatus erat. 

Viatus omamentiun patriae. 
Cedrinae decori funt celfis montibus umbrae, 
Mataque fbUicite paradifo punica culto. 
Sunt teretes decori fcecundis vitibus uvae; 
Purpurexaue rofse, violarque nitentibus hortis. 
Ingenuis decori cunAis patriaeque Viatus 
Vivus erat, patriae mortuus ille decus. 

Corona Viati. 

Caftalii fontis quum margine forte federent 
Ex hedera Mu& nuper texere corollam, 
Auro pingentes folito de more corymbos. 
Circulus & poftquam juftum coiiffet in orbem 
Qujeftio Cyrrheas eft inter oborta forores, 
Feita poetarum quis tandem prxmia ferret? 
Vircinei qu« prima chori fie ora refolvit 
Calliope, doao funt munera digna Viato 
Dixerat, & placuit reUquis fentcntia Nymphis. 
•<. ' ♦ Atropo« 



^^ 



X yl L E L AN D I N^^e in martem &c. 

« Atropos has illi laudes invidic acerba, 
Infeftaque manu vitalia ftamina rufuc* 
Confedtum Mufe crudeli vulnere myftam 
Eluxere fuum lachrimis, gemitufque dedere 
Talia dicentes: potuic mors toUerc corpus, 
Vivet at ingenium noitri fine fine Viati. 

Nobilitas animi. 
Intumuit nunquam fortunx docibus amplis. 

Pag. J Nee fe felicem duxic fplendore Viatus 

Aulae, nee ftrepitu rerunl, procerumve favore* 
Redius ille ammum ftudiis cordacus avebat 
Exornare bonis, eoeloque reponere curam. 
Nobilitas haec eft animi verfffima magni* 
Eft hie thefaurus longe pretiofior auro 
Nomine quo mundo diftradus in xthere yivit. 
Quid juvat immenfo nune indulj^ere dolori, 
Aut defiderio rapti langjuere Viati ? 
Curemus potius ftudiis imatarier ilium 
Sanftis, inque viros forteis evadere. Tandem 
Sic nos efficiet quoque gloria vera Viatos. 

Annulus Viad. 
Annulus in digito folitus radiarc Viati 
Fabre faftus erat, gcmmaque fuperbus achate; 
CseCaris effigies in qua yeriffimajuli 
Sculpta, occludendis fi^num fpe<aabile chartis, 
Cxiaris ad iummam virtucem calcar imago 
Ingenitas auxit vires animc^ue Viati* 

Epitaphium. 
Urna tenet cineres ter magni parva Viati, 
Fama per immenfas fed volac alta fi plagas. 



L O N D I N I 

Ad lignum ^nei Serpentis. 



« Ita calamo correxit Leiandns. Antea .Atrtfos. Ad cakem 
cxemplans noftri Seldcniani hanc notam jpfmrMBmu quidam (ylr 
doftus, ni fallor) ad qucm anno mdlxxiv. pcrtinebat libellns • 

tap* appoR tftf Deat^of «oalter a^imsnsl^am, «tc ^^ 

*L ELAND'S 



[«] 



'L ELAND'S 

ITINERARY. 

Vol. II. 

lO* The Nuqjjber of Folios anfwering the Original 
is put in the Margin. 

J» affare JLe^at the hegltming is^ this Memorandum^ viz. 

u John Samme^ Abbate of Shirtume in Dorfef/hire^ did 
build the Efte Parte of thabbay Chirch at Shiriurnj and Pe- 
ter Ramejfun Abbate there buildid the Weft Part of the fame 
Chirch not very many Yeres fyns. 

The Prior of Shir^m lying yn the Toun can bring me 
to the old Librarie yn Sbhrbume fi. 



§^nta die Mali .Anno P. I5'4a. Fo1.x; 

FROM London to New Brentford 8. miles. There 
is a Bridge apon Brent Ryyeret of 3. Arches, and 
an Hofpital buildid with Brike on the farther ende 
of it. 
From Brentford to Hundejlawe a. Miles. There 
was in the Weft Ende of the Toune an Houfe of Freres of 
the Ordre of the y Tile of the Trinite." 

There rennith a Lande Water thorough theHethc oiHnn^ 
dejlaw as a Drene to the hole Hethe, that is of a great Cum- 
pace, and I paffid by a Bridge of Tymbre over it. 



n John Samme^ ficc/) Thefe two Paragraphs are left out 
in St. & G. In the Margin are thefe words added lince by 
Mr. Leland: This tsfalfe. fi Both thefe Taragrafhs are omit-- 
ted in Mr. Burton'x Tranfcrift. y Lege^ Title* 

tf Np Title in the Onglul. 
Vol. a. A From 



% ' LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 

From Hundeflaw to Lon^eforde a v. Miles. 
A litle beyond this Village is a Bridge of Tymbre at^M 
^hich the Mille Water of Lan^ord breking out above ya 
the Medowes doth mete with one of the i. greate principale 
aiMHus fla. Armes that brekith out of Colne hooke. 
corru'tc*' ^^^^ Arme, as one told me, brekith out olt Colne or ever 
^Mnks* ^^ ^^^ ^y ^^^ ^^^^ ^f UxMdge^ and metith not very fkr 
beneth Langford Bridge with the principal ftreme of Colne. 
A litle beyond Langford Bridge is a Bri(%e of Wood, 
r^ 1 L ^uo u-i*. r.( n^ under the which the principal ftreame 
CoUbam ^»Jf^^j{^^^^^ ofCi>/»^Ryverrennith,andthensmore 

a MUe above the Bridge. ^I'^^^ram^^^ ^ ^ 

From this Bridge to Coleirok Bridge of Tymbre sflxwt 
a Mile. 

Al the Ground from a Mile or more a this fide Lof^finrd 
to Colehrdk Bridget is al low Pafture Ground, and at Rages of 
Rayne by Rifing of the Ryver much overflowen. 

Utider Colehooke Bridge of Tymbre rennith the (eetmd of 

the a. principale AfiflCs 6{ColeRyver^ and this toftiy fefti- 

tnation is the leffer of the 2. It brekith owt orthe "ptiiid- 

pale Streame a a. Miles aboVeO^/f^rd^eToun yn a*Kfootdfi± 

UxMd^ 3. Grounde about a Mile lower then Vsihid^e Toun. 

o/iw**™ This Arme rennith by It felf about a Mile and a talTbe- 

TwiDt. i^cth Colehrook Toun into x}^tTamtfe a litle ^i>owtjh$€re9ike^ 

wher was a Priory of Nunnes. 

Colebrook Toun is a i. Miles from Stones. 

The Toune of Col^ok is fet on eche fide of the Ryvcr 
kXCoU^ but the for greatter Part of it is on the Weft fide of 
^he R^er : and there is a Qiapelle of Brike made tf -late 
Daves. The Paroche Chirch is a Mile of. 
rol. 2. From Colne brooke to a Place wher I paflid over Bume Ry- 
veret a 4. or ^. Mites. 

This Water rifith out of fi Morifch Spring on the lifte 
Hond as I roode from Stok wher the Erk of ISmumMun 
Mth : and, as I gefle, goith by Bumeham and about Bf^ 
College toward the Tamye. 

A a. or 3. Miles beyond the Paffage over Bume I cam to 
Maldenhed Bridge of Tymbre apon the Tamife. 

A litle above the Bridge ttpa ettertoriTamefisl faw* cliffy 
Ground as hanging over the Tkmife and fum Buflchis groinge 

it h alowG. fi Morifch Springs on the &c. St. & G. The 
^norifh B. 

on 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. ^ 

on it. T conjedid that ther had beene fuin fite of an anci- 
ent Building. 

Th^reis great Warfeage of Timbre and fi^r Wood oa the 
Weft Ende of the Bridge, and this Wpod cummithi out 9^ 
BarJ^h^ and the great Woddis oHht Fore^ofWind^eJarey 
and the greate Fnthe. TrntietMSji^ 

Hcere mark tljat ajs much Grounde as lyith bytwixt the fJJ,/^"^ 
Arme of CBlne^ tbat goith thorous C^/^/rw Toun, and the 
Qridge of Ji^tUeffbed is yn Bukkinghamjhir. beyond ia 
B^ktjblre^ 

The Toup of JMMdimbed ftondith a praty 4iftance from the* ^didenhi- 
'Vmife fide, s^nd is ijaeatgly welle buildid. *'^ antique, 

Tfee SoutU fide 0^ th^^ Touae is yiji the Paroche of BrJty. S^™*"^- 

The North fide is intheParoch ofn in^fn. 

From Maidenhe,dih*T^o^n. ^ i. MUes by n^rqw wooddy 
W*y to the FrMifeei Ag4 ib thor^xigh the Frithe %. Miles 
2)iBd more. 

Th«9 tQ ^ a pnaty Toupij^t a a. Miles. 

At the Weft Eiade. of thi^ Touplet' ri^nnith I^den a pratjf 
Ig^yer^ andfQ. tvekith out in Armes tt^aii therby I paffid oyer 
4.&kigis. 

Thi^as a MUe ^n4. m half to Smni^^ a^ uplandifch Toup^ 
X^m fette yon a &ir and coi9n^o4us QjqMn^e. The X^miji 
rennith under it in a plefant Vale. 

{ Qi^rkid no v^ry great ^Antiqujyte in ^he Chirch, it is im- 
P4f^5iate onto the iXpc^n^^rie q{ S^esb^ri.. 

In the Presbyteri is one Fltton an EjG^ui.er buried. 

1^ the Southjfle l?e a. or 3. VitHeffAs ^uiiied, Kinfwoniien 
f toi Bisfiiop of Sai^ijpfi^ 

In the North Ifle be %. of th,^ 

There is an. old.Chapelle s^t t^e Eft End of the ChiiFch ^ol- 5* 
ef S. Sariky wJa^her of late tym^ refortid in li'iJlgriQiage m>uiy 
folkes for the » Difeafe of Madnes. 

* THe Bisfiiop. of S^r^sipu ha,th had at 6^f9ming ^ore the 
Couqueft an auncie^tf M^per ?lace. and { hath" « be Lordes 
theiro. And yet rewuiiuch a fair olde Houfe there of SlCoii^e 
•ven by tk^TamU'e Ripe, Ipnggi^g to the Bislhop of SaresiyrL: 
and therby is a nix Patke. 

, .. ; ; , : — : — ^ . . t , 

tt Sic InAutografho ^ in M^fcrtpto Burtoniano. Ad€le Cool^ 
tiam. ^ Su^le Twiford. y on Aveijfiur Sec St. &: G . * jfi^ 
tifuities St. t te the Bifhop G. T5) the Bifhop S. 5 I>€efi 
hath iff fi. % im^ioxh'mG. 



A » This 



% LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

This Place is in Barkejhk %. Miles above Henley. 

From Sunnif^ to Readsi^ %. Miles* 

There is a Park cumming into Reading Tounlongging to 
the late Monafterie there. 

There is no maner of token that ever the Toun of Read-' 
ing was wauUid. yet is it a very auncient Toun, and at this 
Ty me the bcft Toun of al Barijhire. There was a Caftelle 
in the Saxons Tyme in this Towne : and the name of Cf- 
fieUe-Streat yet remaynithe, lying from Eft to Weft to pafle 
to Newlyri ; But I could not perceive or clerely lerne whcr it 
ftoode. But by al lykelihod at the Weft-Ende of the Csfiette^ 
Streat : and. as fum think^ about the Place of Execution. 

It is very likely that a peace of the Abbay was buildid of 
tbeRuinesof it. 

Peraventure it ftoode wher thabbay was. 

S. Edwarde the Martyr's Mother-yn-Law for Penaunce 
buildid, as I have redde^ a Monafterie of Nunnes ytLlttadmg. 

There is a conftant fame that this Nunnery was wher « o. 
Marjes a Paroche Chirch is now yn Reading. 

King Hemy the firft making an Abbay at Reading of Blak 
Monkes fuppreffid this Houfe, as I hard, giving the Landes 
thereof to nis Abbay. But for more certente know whither 
the old Nunnery ftoode not yn the Place wher the abbay rf 
Reading ftondith ? 

And whither S. Maries were not of a newer Foundation ? 

On the Northfide of the CafteUe^Streat was a late a f5ur 
HoLife of Gray Freres. 

In the Toune be 3. Paroche Chirchis. S. Giles a this fide 
Kenet^yvcT : Saindt Maries^ and S. Laurence bevond Kenetm 
Tol 4.. S. Maries is as the Principal Paroche of tne Toun for 
Auncientnes : and ftandith in the Hart of it. 

S. Laurence ftondith by Weft hard by cumming yn at the 
principal Gate of thabbay. ■ 

Weft North Weft of S.Laurence Chirch was an Almofc 
Houfe of Poore Sifters by al lykelihod of the Foundation 
of fum Abbate of Reading: and remaynid ontyl fi fuch tyme 
y one Itorne Abbate of Reading fuppreffid it in King Hemry 
the vij. Dayes, and gave the Landes of it onto the Ufe of the 
Almoner of his Abbay. But Henry the vij. cumming toRead^ 
ing^ and asking what old Houfe that was : thabbate told 
hym. and then the Kin^ wyllid hym to convert the Houfe 
t felf and the Landes in pes ujus. Wherapon thabbate defirid 

• S. MaryeV Parttbe CA'ireh G. /8 Snch tymt as me Thome 
G. y That qo^B. i it felf Q. 

that 



LELAND»S ITINERARY. y 

that it might be made a Grammar-Schole, and fo it was. 

One WyUlam Dene^ a riche man and fervant in thabbay of 
B^eoMng^ gave aoo. Markes in Mony toward the avaunce- 
ment of this Scbole : as it apperith by the Epitaphie on his 
Grave in the Abbay Cbirch of Readings 

The Ryver ofK^et cumniith thorough the Midle of Read* 
ing Toun, but devidid principally into a. Partes, wherof the 
principal ilreame cummith thorough a great wood Bridge in 
the South fide of the Toune, 

The Arme that breketh out of Kenet is cauUid com- 
munely about the Quarters of the TouHe the haltmld Brooke^ 
and brekith out of the principal ftreame of Kenet up above 
the Toune by Weft South weft aboute the Bere^ wher 
thabbat of Reading had a fair Manor Place of Bryke, and fo 
cumming doune by Medowes ynto Reading Toune paffith 
thorough a Peace of thabbay clenfing the Filth of it. and a 
litle lower joinith againewich the great ftreame : and alitle 
lowenCSw^ hole ftreame eoith into Tamife Ryyer. So that 
Tamife River cummith witnia half a Mile by Eft North Eft 
of ReaiUng. In the Vale of the Toune otlieading^^ wher 
the a. Armes of Kenet renne nere togither, I markid diverfe 
Armelettes brekin^ out of the i. Streames and making; Medi- 
amnes, over the much be dyverfe Bridjges rf Wood. And Fol. /. 
thefe Waters be very commodius for diers, welle occupied 
there : for the Toune chiefly ftondith by clothyng. 

From Reading to Caufeiham^ fliortly caullid Caufham^ aboute 
half a Mile, wher is a great mayne Bridge of Tymbre over 
the Tamife^ wher I markid that it reftid moft apon fundation 
of Tymbre, and yn fum Places of Stofte. 

Toward the North End of this Bridge ftondith a fair old 
Chapelle of Stone on the right Hond, pilid in the Fundatioa 
for tne Rage of the Streame of the Tamife. 

Ther is no Bridge on the Tamife upward betwijct this and 
IValingford^ diftant about a lo. Miles of. m And bynedi this 
Caufham Bridge to Henley five Miles, and a half lower is firft 
Sunning Bridge of TymSre, and » Great-^MarUm-BnigQ. 

Btjham Pnorie in Barijbir on the Tamife a 3. Miles above 
JMaidenhed. 



« Andiyuetb &c.] This place may be better pointed thus: 
And iynetb tUs Gauiham Bridge to JHenley Uhe miles and a 
half lover) is i^Q. 



Hurley 



< LELAKD'S ITINERARY. 

Hufiiej apon the Tamtfe a Celle to Wifiminjtre ft MileSfc- 
bo.ve "Btjham. 

Uile-Marlaw^ whcr the Priorie of Nunnes wa^, a i. Milct 
ibovQ Maidenhed^ ttonddng in MBukingham/btr. 

GrMt^Merlaw^ whep the Bridge w Tferf>re » over Ac 
7i«»//J, a Mile above it. 

MeJmenham^ a Celle to Woiurm in 'BedfordJhfTyjk Mile a- 
bove Bhjbam as the 7^;^ i»goith mBniinf^amjhir. 

Beyond Caujhan^ Bridge is Cauffl>am ViHag m Oxfin^ir. 

Thens I rode a v. Miles ot more al by great Wooddoi. 

And thens by Chaumpaine Hilli Gsoitnd 734. Miles to 
Ewetm^ an uplajtidifch \nillage, 

Ewehne was the Inheritance, of the Ch^ucers. 

Thomas Chaucer the laft Heirc Male Owner of it is b«- 
ried yn an high Marble Tumbe in a f^ir QiapeUe in the Pa- 
rol^, rdch Chirch. of Ewetnty on the Southfide of the Quier with 
thk Ei?itaphie : . \.^ 

. Hi< j,ac9$ Thomas Chaucer ofmigtr^ quondam I>ffS tftm 
TjB^n & P^troftiiS ij^hs iddeft^s: fu$ okifli,. dis MbhSs * flo- 
vcmSci^ annQ D- i^^jV Ei Mitilars nxor ejus:^ qua vtnt aS. dk 
Msnfs Apjiy$ Anno p. 14,3^. 
., :..*.Sum fay^ thar this Chauc^ was a Merchant Man. and 
J' bout a icoo Ij. t^aWfes by the Yere, and that WoUmkkes 
be yn E^dm iu tql^ea Qt Marchaimdife. And Menne fay 
iifcewife, rhat he •.mindid the Fundation of the Hpfoitafc oJF 
fhai?lmy ajQ4 a!fo the Hofpitale by DummntonnrCa&tu^. But 
l^/m Duke of S^ihf^ did build them booth, cche.pore 
Man ther having iliij. d. by the Weefce. 

^/Vf , Doughter aod Heire to Thomas Chaucer and Ma- 
^Idey tQc4ce to Husband ff^fSam de ta Tok Duke of ^utk- 
folk: the which for Love of her and the Commodite of her 
Landes fell rauQl< to dwelle ya Oxfordfh/r and Barkfiy'tr wher 
Wr Wifes Laades lay. 

Thi$. WaiwBWf trauOatid 4nd encreafid ^he Manor Place of 

\ thiok that EwiEite todi^e Name of a great Poole afore 
the Maner Place and Hmes grouing about it. 
Ewe/me Paroche Chirch a cumly and new Peace of Work 

# Bark/bhe Vf^'Bukmfhamfl^ ift G. male, /^ goitk mPa Buk. 
Ih.G. OoethlntoBudaDgham-fliit^Ji. y^a 4. mfhs\sUti4 
five miles G. ^ about for bout in G. Bought B. • Meacled j. 

ftonding 



LEl-ANP'? ITINERARY. ^ 

A:o»dii\g OR an HiUe was la]:ely madehy WtUsam Duke of 
^outhfolk and ^//Ve his Wife. 

WiUiafn^^'& fl^yn, aiKj ^/V^ fupervividj and after was by- 
ried yn "^e Parocbe Chirch oili»$Ime on the South fide of 
the High Altare in a riche Tumbe of Alabaftre, with an Image 
in the Habite of a Wbves crounid lying over it, and having 
«his l4>k^hie on it : 

Orate fro ^msma Sermffima Vrtncifijfa Aliciac Ductjp^ 
Suffolchise,, hujus EceUfi^e Patron^^ & prima fundatrlcts hu* 
jus ElemofynarU*. qua $biH%o. dieMenpsM^j^ afmo D', i^fff* 
lit era Dominican A. 

The Pratie Hofpitak of i* poore Men is hard joy nid to the 
Weft Ende of Ewelm Paroche Chirch : and mucn after the 
Building of the Vicars Houfes at Windefore y n a Circle. ^ 

In the Midle of the Area of the Hofpitale is a very fair 
Welle. . ' 

The Mafter or Provoft of the Almofe Houfehath tbera 
pratyJLod^ir^. eVeyypooreManhath i4d.aWe'ke. 

I redde thele thiligesfolowing in a Table in JSavAw Chirch : 
Fray for theSoules pf John Duk d/Sputhfolk, ^ww/ Elizabeth 
kis Wife. This John vasSun and Metre to William and Alice. 
58 Ueiland." 

fohn de la Pole Duk oi Smthfolk had by Elifaheth y John' poI. /• 
Erie of Lincoln^ Edmund after Duk of Southefolk^ Rifhard^ 
William: 1 2Si6P that was • at Scholar yn G»ww7tf- 

HaultaOmbridge^ znAlyitii havi^d ^t B^erham. 

The Maner Place of Ewelme is in the Valley of the Vil- 
lage: the -Safe Court ofit is fair, andisbuildidofBrikeand 
Tymbre. The inner Part of the -Houfe is fette with in a 
fair Mote, and is buildid richely of Brike and Stone. The 
Haul of it is fair and hath great Barres of Iren overthuart it 
inftede of Croffe Beames. The Parler Iw is exceding fw 
and lightfum : and fo be al the Lodginges there. 

The commune faying is that Duk John made about the 
Beginning of KingHwwy the vij. ^Tymes moft of the goodly 
Buildinges withyn the Mote. 

There is a right fair Parke by the Manor ^lade. 

From Bmelm to Uafely & v. Miles by Chaumpaine Ground 
iumwhat 



Bmebn to Uafely a v. Miles bv Chaumpaine Grou] 
; .plentiful of Come^ but molt Uyid to Pafturage. 



lows is Mr. fcclatod's, Ismfontk^ in B. v I>^ ^ Jtafogri^ :■ 
fsd aidiat Biirrcnus. i^ ft??/? *. • n Scholm St.fic S. i>- 



I 

t LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

lUfelej is thus diridid into Gnte-HrfeUy^ZJile JOfibji 

m I Lacbefrrd and Ricate* 

A Great Hafelej was of auncient Tjrme a Lordfliip longgtng 
by many Defccntes to the Fjferiesj 3 whofe Maner Place wn 
there wher now is the Ferme Place by the Chirch longgiiig 
to WinJefor College, 

Thefe F'tferdes were men of fair Foflei&ons, and the name 
of them as in the principal Maner 4flori{h'd oato BJkmi 
the Thirde dayes, about the which Tyme PiferJes Maner 
Place and the Fatronagc of the f Benefice of Hmjel^y was gf- 
ven to the College of Windefnre. 

The Armes oF ?iperd apere yn the Eft Window of die 
fair Chauncelle of Hafeky Chircn. 
Fol f. Utle Hafelej^ wher /3 Mafter Baretine hath a ri^t fair Man- 
fion Place, and marvelus feir Walkcs tapiarii Operit^ and 
Orchardes, andPooles. yholdith, asllemid, of the Maner 
ofPiperdes by Knight feryice. 

^Lacheforde about the Beginning of Edrpord the Thirdes 
Tyme was parte of the ?'tfd*rdes Landes. ^Then it chaundd 
for a younger Sun of Piferdes of Hafelej to do fo valiaund? 
in Batelle agayn the Scottes that he was made Knight : and 
having no Lande^ bycaufe that his Elder Brother was Heire, 
defirid to have mm fmaul Portion of Land; wherapon his 
Father gave hy m 'Lacbefwd to hold by Knight Service of the 
Maner of Piferdes in Great Hafeley. 

• The Stook of chisYong rP/^eriKnight remaynid inJLnU^ 

m Laebefard] Lecheford St. and indeed the Letter e is writ* 
ten over a in tne Ong. fi MaJ^er Barentiue] Sir WiBam Ar* 
rantyne St. in mare, k manu eximii Antiquani FrancifeiThm^ 
ni. y And houldeth B. I Then It chaundd &c.1 Mr. nym 
hath added the following Note in the Margin of Mr.5!rMM^s 
Tranfcript: mifiaken^ as I canneprove 6y the Petygre^ gather' 
ed out of the Old evidence cfthe Kpardes iy myne vmne Kn%w^ 
ledge. Thyn. • Thejlook of tbisyong Piperd &c.] Mr. Tbru 
hath alfo written this note following in the margin of Mr. 
Store's Copy. 7*^ /afi of the Pipards, teinge Richard Pipard 
rf Lecheford Efquire^ lyved in 9. H. f . and had IJfuo ^me 
Daughter and Heyre Jane, marled to John Badby Efjuier^ wh§ 
had Iffue bis Daugbtere and Heyre Katherine, marsed to Wil* 
Ham Lenthall of Lehthall Starkar in Herefordfhyre, vhicho 
came to dwell at Lacheford, ofvbomecame Williame Lenthall 
Efyuler now lyving of reverent Age in this Tore i%i^ 



k 



e • 

I LKheford e over the a. t Piperde in the margin oppoGte to gitK Qafiew 
ley. 3 whos. 4 florifliid. s Benifice. 6 Piperd m the mtigin oppofite to 
Ibaehcforde. 7 Lenthaul in the margia oppolite to PipcmL f^4 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 9 

ford onto So.Yeres ago : when the laft of thefeP/f ^fipx lefte 
a Doughter and Heire. that was maried to one Lenthaulj a 
Gentilman of HereforJjhiry « whofe Siinne now dwellith ia 
JLacheforde^ 

BJcote « longid to one Fulco de Rlcote. 

After it cam to one ^iuatermains. 

The Houfe of the ^luatermatns in Oxfordjbtr hath beenc 
famofe and of right fair fc*ofleffions. Their chief Houfe was 
at JVefton by Ricote^ wher Mr.' Clerk now dwellith. 

/8 And Shtrhurne withy n a Mile of IVatkelington Chirch, wher 
is a ftrong Pile or Caftelet, longid to §itatremains : fins 
y Fowler: and by Exchaunge now to Chaumirelein of O.v- 
firdfhir^ 

About King Henry the vj. Daves dyvers Brethren dyed of 
the Quatremains one after another, and by a great onlyke* 
lihodal the Landes defcendid to one Richard^ the Yonggeil: 
of the * Brethren, that was a Marchant of London^ and after 
Cuftumer there. 

T\ds Richard had a sfervaunt cauUid Thomas ^ Fooler his 
Clerk, a toward felaw that after was Chauncelar of the Du- 
chy ot Lancafire. 

Richard ^uatremains bare great favor to this Thomas. F0L9; 

Richard was God-Father to Thomas funne, and namid bym 
Richard §l^terma$ns Fowler* 

Richard §^termains lay at Ricote : and cauifid Thomas 
Fowler to f lay at Wefiun. 

Richard Qua^ermams made Richard Thomas I Fowler Sunne 
Heir of moffPart of his Landes,bycaufe he had no Children. 

Richard ^uatermains Godfather to Richard Fowler made 
a Right goodly large Chapelle-of Eafe hard without the Ma- 

I I 

• longid] longeth G. fi And Shirbume withjn a Mile of 
Wathelington Chirch^ wher &c.] It was firft of all writtea 
in the Original, And Shirburne toward Stoken Chirch^ wher 
£cc. but afterwards Mr. Leland (buck out toward Stoken^ and 
writ over the Line withps a Mle oflFatholington Market ^ fo 
that it muflr be read either as I have printed it f and as I find 
it alfo in Mr. Stowe\ & Mr. Gale's Copies) or elfe the word 
Chireb mufl be left out, and it muft ftand thus : And Shir- 
bume wtthyn a Myle of Wathelington Market^ wher &c. 
y to Fowler G. ToTowler B. I Fowler ^wne] Fowlef^s Smtm 
G. Fowler's JB. 



I wbot. a Bicdifni. 3 JSenram; 4 Fowler in the pvgux* j ly» 

Vol. » B ' nor 



lo LELAND'S ITINERARY* 

nor Pkce oiKUdfe^ and foundid tfaer a. Chauatre Pr^es to 
fing perpetually for his Soule^ enduiofi; tli^ Cantuaries with 
good Landes : and made a fair Houft lor the Kreftes therby» 

This Fundation was begon in Henrj the 6. Dayvi : laad 
endid yn Edward the ^* Tjmt. 

This Richard foundid ^fo a CantuaHe in 'Amb Paroche 
Chircht^ at. Miles from Wmt^ whet hein aCkapelle it bu« 
tied «»dre a Marble Stone* 

This Rkhurd foundid ther ^Ifo an Hofpitalt bf tlM^ 
Gtdi^le ende)Wi^ it by Lafideis. 

• tliehard Ptmier Heir to §jta9P^emm9$s was % v^tj OfiXhlift^ 
Md foki al luv L«iides ^I'leving tns Childern fy fins^ 

Syr John Heron^ Trcaforer of the Chaumbre to H4imK%!^ 
Vij. jliixdthe viiu h6^\!t dieReVerfioft^f thef'Lor4(hi|>«FR/- 
«M^ ^Ad <ri/!»x hi0 Sudfte p^)(^Ekffid it 4 while. 

6^^ l2iH« ^i^ in 'v^^^rd^i^, bat f^ifch yti dektes^ a^Syr 
1tPchai^dFo9i4^^^^ toldniibfitoj^lm J^HfyammmKiak^tt^ 
fbl. 10, From H-«/f/7 to M/toun Village half a Mile. 

At \ltAt mte^ as I hard fay^ ^as tnttny Yen^s fyns a 
PHoH^ ^ MOdk^ % 4 felfe^ a« orfte toM iM^ to j^kUigi^. 

The Houfe of the Priorie was by likeUtod wher th€ 
Fai^ftt^'iB H^ildfe is ft^W )iaMi by the Chittli Yild. Fm &er 
litj^bJM fHiUdfidoiis df ^gt^wt fiuUdAft^es. 

Sum fay ^^thar Mounfeir de Ltmm HMft 'WU Wlitir ^ 
l!ii9if^sH«))Ufe4s. 

In the Chirch oiMltun is an Hi^Ttirnbe ^ Fl<e •SPMfe 
%itk t^t tSAtltgt <df % %LtiBig^ «(^ ul«a^, >«rttll ttlki^nitftiie 

II^A^ ^V9/i!t ly ttaHfid «<^. 

' t^ Venice 4%^ ^fth ^hnjt tAfit^ \stA^t iNeirie LttiC 

gyven hym. « :^ 

Loaches Landes cam to Heires Generates. 
■- OfhitXT Tymes iDaim^ IMi thift LdiKUri|> of dne . . , « 

• :k V • . ^ytRegnaU Biay bMtt tt of Ai^^. "Ithe iMb 
L^ed Jrny fcldit «6 ^mi^ iAmt ^tmion. 

Tker i6 k fMbend Land ift JliiXrMllc^ffiitig to i^incoh^ 
3^faeft8Afb]pt)f £iMti2i4sPatl^On»^4he GbSurdu 

t%eie|^li!h<ott(^«Miir^ilEMMfts<i^/^^ 
ls«OM^eB^ of Baft tdeUcfite to& 3^M^ 

6Yt>ufid«^tt{fi ^ C(meaiit<2l'flf8e^ Mt baim vof Wxxril 



« /ev/flK^ if}? liis Cbitdem tutt Jiffaul lyvinges G. fi and the 
viii.<tef«««lv ytKHlffS^Q. *y*»r3fc*«*. ^ 

-•llcrc 



LELAND^S itinerary, II 

•Her^ is paWd over %• Me Bridges of Wood, wbqr unde^ 
wer 'pjafchy Pitte> of Wmx of the ovo/flowiiifl of Tiiptf Ry-r 
ver, and then ftraite I rode over a gr^^t Briqge up4©? t&f 
which the hole Streams of T^me rmmtb% 

" Thcr were ^ k. great; PiU^rs of S^QPi^^ fipw tb^ whi<:Jh WM 
Uyid a TioibT^ Bndg«. 

Then$ to J?r4j^lw ViUag^j longgipg f^ Utq to PwMff 
Abbay. 

Tbenf a Mil^ tQ JimheRer. 

In th^ Toua of Borib^fin I m^rkid tb^fe potaW^ Thing^Sf 

The Abbay of Chanons, wher afore tbQ CoAqyf f^ w^# % 
Pi^ihQ]peifetQ. 

fim^im tranflatid it to I^neoh, 

Alexander Bisfliop ot !>'»<:#/« «re<^i4 tber^ ^n Abbay of 
Blak Chanona, Yet the Gbircb beritb tb« n$me of /i^ f re- 

There w^s buried, »s it 18 ftwd, tbQ Sodi^ ^ §• B/rfi^ 
BUibop tb^rif. 

And there yet remainfth the Image of Fr^StQoetbatlUy Oft f«L it, 
the T«mbf P^ Bisiftop^y^^iriii^ ^$apperitb by the Ipfcription. 

Thcrfj b^ buriw^in tb^ Qaj^r b^fide divers Abbiites % 
Knight OP the South fid^ with m. Im^gu cri^e kggid, whof 
name is there oute of remembrance. 

Tb^rc lyith ^t the f^ote of bym pn^ Smv^ fwmtyme a 
juge (as it apperitb by his Habite) ^ iq th«i Raign? of K.-B. J." ' 

ThQrc lyuh aKnighton thcNppthfid^of the»QuJ€jr,wbpm 
the latQ Abb^tu togkt tio be one of the Segn^ves, thelmnge 
^ai of AUb*ftre. $ut after the Abbate told m^ thftt he hard 
of late one fay that there was one Holcum a Knight burled. 

In the Body of the Cbguncflle tfore thQ Quier Ooqre Jay % 
Gentilman cauUid Wffys* 

There ly io r South Ifle of the Qujcr j. of the jyraitpMs^ 
Gentilmen, one h»rd by tnother, under plame Marble Stope3» 
Mr? B^enfmf hath part pf theie J?rmt$Ms tandcn, 

Ther lyith at the Hed of thea Or4imf ooe Qitteti St^ 
grsfv^ a Gentilman under a flat MtrWe. 

The Body of the Abbay Chirch fervid a Ute for the Par 
roche Chirch. 

Syns the Suppreffion one a great riche 



« Heri If ^04 ^er G. /> jfmanu BuTtopi, ^ m thi §91^ 
JpSt.&G. The South 3. 



t ?lMk^» a MmfTi a Uglii wiiM. 



B % Man, 



II LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Man, dwelling in the Toun of Dorchefhe^ bought the Eft 
part of the Cnirch for 140. Poundes, ancl gave it to aug- 
ment the Paroch Chirch, 

The Toun of Dorcheflre was fore defecid by the Daner. 
Of old tyme it was much larger in Building -then it is » now. 
There was a Paroche Chircn a litle by South from the Abbay 
Chirch. And another Paroch Chircn more South above it. 
There was the 3. Paroch Chirch bv South Wefte. 

In the Clofis and Feeldes that lye Southly on the Toun 
that now ftandith be founde Numtfmata Romanorum of Gold, 
Silver, and Braffe. 

The Bisfhop's Palace, as it /afaide ther, was at the Tounc's 
End by North Weft, wher y it appere Fundations of old 
Buildinges : and there as yet be kept the Courtes. 

The Ky ver of Tame cummith firft by the Eft Ende of the 
Toune : and then by the South fide paffing thoroug a very 
faire Bridge of Stone a litle witoute the Toune. 

Cumming from Wdllingford to Dorchefter the Toun ftand- 
ith ulter. ripa Tama* 

The Bridg is of a good lenghth : and a great Stone Caufey 
is made to cum welle onto it. There be f . principale Arches 
in the Bridge, and in the Caufey joining to tlie South Ende 
of it. 

Tame and Ife metith aboute half a Mile benetb Dorchejlre 
Bridg in theMedowis. 

From Dorchefier to the Fery over the Tamife about a Mile. 

Here the hither Ripe by North is low and Medow Ground. 

The South Ripe ys high al alonge like the long bak of 
an Hille. 

From the Fery to WaUngford a Mile by marvelus fair 
Champain and fruteful Ground of Corne. 

The Toun of tWalingford hath beene a very notable Thing 
and welle waullid. The Diche of the Toun and the Creft 
wheron the Waulles ftoode be yet manifeftely perceyvid,and 
begin from the Caftelle going in Cumpace a good Mile and 
more, and fo cummith to Waisngford Bridg a large Thing of 
Stone over the Tamife. 



u Leg. ex St. & G. then It U now toward the South and the 
Tamife Side. There was a Faroche Chirch a Iftle {a late St.] 



FoLti. 



"^ 



h South from &c. $ as isfayde there St. as it is /aide ther G. 
Is faide B. y it'] yet St. & G. Yet B. 



t nm toward die South t&d the Tamife fidt then % Wsdingeford. 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. i} 

There remayne yet the Names of thefe Streates emong 
other : Tamifi'Streat^ F'tfche-Streate^ BredStreat , Woof- 
Streat^ GotdJmtthes-'Ro'w. 

And by the Paccntes and Donations ofEdmunde Erie of 
Comtmaul zndi Lord of the Honor of » Walin^&rd • that ther 
wer 14. Paroch Chirchis in Waling ford. And ther be men 
yet alyve that can fhew the Places and Cemiteries wher yn 
the al ftoode. At this tyme there be but 3. poore Paroch 
Chirches in the Town. 

Ther was a Priory of Blake Monkes, a Celle to S. AUan^ 
fuppreffid by Thomas Wbulfey Cardinale, ftanding hard with- 
yn the Weft Gate of Wamn^ord. 

The Toun and the Caftelle was fore defacid by the Danes 
Warres. Yet they meatly » reflorifchid in the Tyme of Ri^ 
chard King of Romaines and Erie of CornewauUe^ Brother 
to King Henry the 3. 

This Richard did much Coft on the Caftelle. 

The Caftelle yoinith to the North Gate of the Toune, 
and hath ^.Dikis, large and deap, and welle waterid. ^ About 
ech of the a. firft yDikis as I'apon the Creftes of the Creaftes 
of the Ground caft out of • rennith an embatelid WauUe now 
fore yn mine, and for the moft part defaced. 

Al the goodly Building with the Tourres and Dungeon 
be 3 within the 3. Dike. 

There is alfo a Collegiate Chapel emong the Buildinges p,,]^ ,^^ 
♦within the 3. Dike. Edmund Erie of Comewale^ Sunne to 
Richard YAng of the Romains^ was the firft Founder and En- 
dower of this College. 

_ Prince Edwarde^ as one told me, the Blak^ augmentid this 
College. 

There is aDecane, 4.Preftes, 6. Qerkes and 4. Chorifters, 

C f the n late Decane afore i>Dr. London 



ti Sic Allograph. &K Lege^ it appereth that drc fi So thefil^ ' 
lowing fenUnce is read both in the Orig. and B. y Dikes ^ is as in 
G. for Dikis as. I afon the Crefies of the Ground St* At firft how- 
ever Mr.Stowe had written it as 'tis in the Orig. • rennith an] 
rennith and G. Z ^^^ AutografL Deefi lacuna in B. • lajl for 
late in G. There is no lacuna either m St. or G. 9" Dr. Lon* 
don"] This is the fame Dr.London that was Warden of 2^w- 
CoUege, and Author of the fcandalous Report of WilUam of 
Wickham^s being a Baftard, which hath been followed by a lad: 



I WaUiofelbKl % rcfloikbid^ % wichyB. 4 wichyn. 




14 LELAND*S ITINERARY* 

that now is buildid a fair Steple of Stone at the Wefle Ende 
of the Collegiate Chapelle, to making wherof he defacid^ 
as it is faid, withouteLicens a Peace of rae Kinges Lodging^ 
joyning on the Eft Ende of the Chapelle. 

The Decane hath a fair Lodging of Tymbre withvn the 
Caftelle : and to it is yoinid a Place for the Miniitert of 
the Chapelle. 

From Wklim^ofi to mMakiuey in Bsrtjbfr a good Mile, 

Mr. Mofynesnzth a pracie Manor Place of Brike then 
Curias. One tCfurte buildid this Houfe of late dayes. 

This Court was Uncle to ^M^tmes^ that now dwellith at 
Makeney, 

Moltnes hath not this Lordfhip onlv, but a nother in 0«- 
fordjhtr not fstr from Dofchefi&r^ caullia ^ ^Moungewellt^^ and is 
f o. U. in value by Yere, and nath fair Woodes. 

The Houfe of MoHnes habitation before the Death ofO^upi 
was yn Hamftomjhh about an 8. Miles from Ssr^slyrf at a 
Place caullicf Sandbil^ wher is a fair Manor Place. 

From IViJmgford to Snodynt about a Mile and a half. 

This Place is wonderful dikid about and ftondith on t 

Hille in BarJ^htr^ hanmng over the Tamije. It is yn by E£b» 

mation half a Mile. And withyn it hath beene fiim Toune, 

FoL 14. or, as the commune Voice fayith, a Caftelle in the Eritmrntes 

Tyme^ defacid by lykelihod by the Danes. 

At tnis tyme it berith very plentifullye booth Barley and 
Whete, and NumifmataRomanorum be tlier found yn plough- 

yng- 

About this Smodune beginnith the fruteftil Vale of White* 
Borfey and fo ftrecchith by South Weft toward Fa/rington 
Quarters. 

This Vale is not plentiful of Wooddc. 

From Smedune to AUif^don 6» Miles. 

A litle a this fide the bridge over the Ife at Ahhmjtd^n is 
a Confluence of a. Armes that brekith aboute the Eft Ende 



Author in a certain Note (not lefs Scandalous) to the firft 
Vol. of the Compute Hlpory of England, (as *tis ftyl'd) of 
which I have taken notice in thel Vik. and VII'^. Vol. or thii 
work. You may fee more of Dr. tanden in col. <(Jo. of VoU 
I. of Athene Ojion. 

« Markeney B. fed infra Makeney. /I Mmnt gfWflU $e. 
Mongewell B. 



I Curiiif Cowte io die Mtfgin. ft Molyati in tlit mtfjim. ) llouaegewelle. 

of 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. t| 

of jftUimdm*Abb2j out of the bole ftreame of the ^, 4fxl 
make t.litle Ides or Mediamnes^ And at this Confluence 
leif id the very Mouth it a very fair Bridge of y. Arches : 
and a very litle beneth this Briclge booth the Armes yoinid 
and rennifig ia one Botom ffoith ynto />. 

«The gr^ti Brid^ 2tMkt^dom over 1/i hath a 1 4^ Arches« 

The Toun of Mhingihn afore the Abbay was baildid 
there wi»5 caoUid Seniffium. 

Tbfe Abbay was &t&, begon at Bi^lej Wood in BurJtfishr a 
a. Miles more upper oo the J/» then AUhgJbn$ now is : but 
the Foundatious and the Wonces there profperid not ; wher- 
sqpon it was traniktid to SseiA^am^ and ther finifhid moil 
by tfaeOoftes<tfiCingOr^ that there after was buried ; but 
the very Place andTumbe of his Burial was never knowen 
fftji^ t3ie J>»iM defacid JlUmgiQn^ 

I bard that ther was au holy Heremite, Kynne to King pot. xp, 
Ciffdy that lyvid yn the Woodes and Marifchcs abcut Stuke-- 
Jbim^ and that the Abbay for his laice and by hisMeanes 
wa^ baildid there. 

Ethelwolde^ Abbate of .^^/«f^«^andafterBisihopof J^Sv- 
thepte^ yn ^i^§ ^ Edgjur^s did clerely renovate aaid y aug- 
mentid this Al^ay^ digging ttnd cauCfitij; a Gut to cum out 
of ifis by ifoi^e to ferve and purge dicxficesof tbabbay. 

The Chirche and baiidiages tfa«t lie tnaxie dier were after 
taken douoe «uyd «iew made by Normm Abbates in the £rfl: 
Norman Kinges Tymes. The eft Paites wherof yet be fceac* 

TheTo^irerinniemrdle of the Cbirdi, althe bodyoftbe 
Chirch, and tbe Towers ^ the weft endeof it whertnade 
hf^ jj.. Atabsaes imi«diatelic prsgcedMg the iaft 4. Abbates of 

The latter *&, of 1^ 4. Abbsitest^at boaldid dhie Weft port 
Of tfaeCfaitdi weteiiHrsi^ttnid : Jtfiheniunt and SmOB^ 

>fiair^ W!as aDodtor of Divinite, and wasitnbaffiulor at J^mif 
bothe ft)r Kii^ JSiAMvuf the f»urth and Hem^ the vu% 

Ajttfae W<eR eftdof the A^ea wberyni^e Abbay Oorch of 

M The ^eatb Bri4g^ &C.1 In the Margin of Mr. Stcme^s 
Copy is added : John ofS, Helenes^T^ cawfyd hcaufe he dwelt 
JbSLHelitiV FMP^^wnAby&idon, wa tkfrftUeghmer mni 



Mitkm^ if ^Msl^fiige ^ SMm. jifmre'hbf tfne 'it wus u Ferrj^ 
neMdlywge^tUs Bridge wm m gtem Wndt/miin^ t)mn9 




\ 14. /• Edgare's Days 

AUingdon 



ji L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

AUmgdon Hondith is a Charael Chapelle, to the which was 
gy ven the profice of a Chapelle at Bayworth by Bagley^yNooA. 

On the South dde of the Area is al the Abbate and Coii'^ 
rentes Lodging. 

In old Tymes many of the Villafi;es about AUimgJom had 
but Chapelles of Eafe, and Ahtingdon Abbay was their Mo- 
ther Chirch, and there they buried. 
Fo!. i6. There is at the Weft eade of thabbay withowt the Gatd 
a Chirch dedicate to S. Nicolas^ and buildid by one Abbate 
Kuo/as for the Eafe of the Toun encrcafing with People. 

Again this on the other fide withoute thabbajr Gate is ft 
Chirch dedicate to S.yohny and there is an Hofpital having 
6. Almofe Menne^ The ICinges be countid for Founders <? 
this Hofpitale. 

There is a Paroch Chirch of S. Heleme at the South Endc 
of the Toun apon Ijis as the Ry ver cummith from the Ab- 
bay downeward. 

At this Place was fumtyme a Nunnery : and yn S. Ethels 
Isoldes tyme that renewid thabbay of Ablingdon wer (traunge 
Thinges and Tumbes found yn digdng* 

iiThere is now an Hofpital of 6. Men and 6. Women at S» 
Helena maintenid by a Fratemite ther, as I hard. 

A very litle beneth S. Helenes cummith fi Och Ryver 
thorough the Vale of Whlt-Horfe into 2j&. 

Ther is a Mille almoft at the mouth of this Confluence 
caullid Ockemitte^ and > another above it. 

There is a right goodly Croflc of Stone with »fairc Degres 
and Imagerie in the Market Steede i^AUingd^m* 

There is alfo afair Houfe with open Pillars coverid with 
a Rofe of Leade for Market folkes. The Toun of AtUngd^m 
ftondith by clothing. The Market is quik there. 
1^ Remembre to ipeke with Mr. Bachelor in AUfwgdan^ and 
the Prior of Ahtingdon dwelling a Mile from AMngd9n^ 
for the Booke de Gefiis Matum de Abbingdune. 
Pol. 17. From Ahbingdon to a fair Waren of Conies longging to 
thabbay about a Mile. 

Thens a 4. Miles to Ctljilbamfton-Bridge, 



m There is now an Hofpital &c.] In the Marg. of Sfowe^i 
Copy is added, John ofS. HelinV gaveyo. It. Land the Ter 
to the Mayntenance of ibis HofpitaUand the Bridge* See Vcd. 
Vn. Part L foL 14. ^8 Ocke B. 



I noilier. a £ur. 

Then* 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. , 17 

Thcns to Hafeley. 3. Miles. 

From Hafeley to Oxford about a 7. Miles. 

Roiertus de OiMo that cam into England with WjVum 
Conqueror had given to hym the Barony^s of Oxford and 
Saina Waleries. 

Tins Robert made the Caftelle of Oxford^ and, as I con« 
jeft, other made the Waulles of Oxford or repairid them. 

This, Robert made the Chapelle of S. George m the Caftelle • 
of Oxforde^ and foundid a College of Prebendaries there. 

This Robert dyid withowt Idue, and wher he was buried 
it is not very certeinly knowen. 

This Robert had one folm de m Einerio that was exceding jMmut d4 
familiar with hym, and had beene in the Warres as fworen £««"•• 
Brother onto hym, and had promifed to be t partaker of JR^ 
tertes Fortunes fi. Wherapon Jie enrichid hym with Poflef« Fol. it. 
iions, and, as fum think, gave hym SjWaleries. 

Robert OiUej had a Brother cauUid HigoUus^ of whom be 
no verye famofe thinges written. 

Ntgellus had a funne cauUid Robert that provid a very noble 
Man. 

This Robert the i. had a Wife caullid Edith Fome^ a Wo- 
man of Fame and highly eftemid with King y Henry i the 
• . • by whofe procuration Robert weddid her. 

This Robert began the Priorie of Blake Chanons at Ofeney . ) 

by Oxford emong the Ifles that Ifis Ryver ther makith. 

Sum write that this was the occafion of making of it« Editb 
ufid to walk tout l^Oxford Caftelle with her Gentilwomen to 
folace and that often tymes, wher yn a certen place in a tre 
as often ts fhe «came ^a" certenpies uiid to gether to it, and 
ther to chattre, and as it wer to q)eke onto her. EdHbe much p^ , 
marveling at < tliis matier, and was fumtyme fore ferid as by a ' 
wonder. 



u Lege^ Eiverio. fi In this Place Mr. Leland has put thst 
Memoramdum. — — Titulus. Indpit liber Eifclidis phil^phf 
de arte Geometrica ab Athalardo Badomenfe de AraHeo in 
iMinum tranflatus. 4;$. propofita & propofitiones, £c ii. 
pprifinata praster axiomata fiiugulis libns pnemifla. TUs cmit^ 
ted in B. y Henry thefirft^ h vhofe St. & Gi » Adde firfi: 
cum B. • out of Oxford St. { To Oxf6r4 B. Loge^ of Oxford, 
ut in Monaftico Anglicano. « came certen G. d- Deejl zin B» 
I Ms matier^ vasJtmtymoGi 



% putoketm 

Vol.*. • C Wher- 



,j LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Wherapon (he fent for one MdJuhi^ a Chaoo* of S. 
Fredifwides^ a Man of a remius Li& and her OotrfMbr, 
asking hyniCounfel : to whom he anfwerid^ after that he 
had iecne the fafdon of the Pits Chattering only 4C hcf 
Gumming, that flie (hould builde fum Chirch or Monafterit 
in that Pkce. Then flie entreatid her Husband to build a 
Priorie, and fo he did, making Jt^iir/^ the firft Prior of it. 

The Gumming of JUttb to Ofintj and ItsMfb WiMng 
on her, and the tre with tht Chattering Pies « be paiacid in 
the WauUe of tharch over Edith Tumbe in Ofetmniodm^ 

There lyith an Image of Edifkt of Stone m thabtHte oiF a\ 
Wowes, holding an Hart fai her right H(md, on die North' 
fide ctf the High Altare. 

Roiert Oi%» the a. Founder of O/iiPe^Prioriew wat bufieti 
in thabbay otSigmllk4fm^ a %. Miles from CXvAr/. 

Robert OiBm the %. Ikad faire Hfite by SiM his WK^, 
emon^ the which Hemy was his Heire. 

This H(P»rr lyith buried yn ^eney Chirch, in tke Tert 
Midle of thePresbyteri, undieraMatte Marble Skon^.wlHar* 

Son is a flourid /B Groffid pgrturid. This Hemrj had flM pp j f 
ea. And from Mairf the a. were other Difbentea: btiein 
y K<>c^^ che Landes of the Oi%x were difeadbettd. 
Ther is at this tyme one of the Oitrif a Man <i a 140^ ii* 

Land dwaiting 1^ 

This OiBey hath to Wife my Ladie mUimm Doog^itet 1^ 

Me is now comraunely cauUid DoHkf of tUhi Title 4r 

JS/4, Countes of WsmUt^ a Woman of a vtnr great 
Riebes and Nobilite, lyttji buried at the Heddie of tbcTund^e 
oftfMPiyOffl^tmdi^avery&if flat Marble, IntheMafcdte 
of a Woues, Graven yn a Coper Plate. 
J • _ . Ela gave many rich Jewelles to Ofmnf^ but no Landca, 
vol. »o. jg^^ g^^g g^jj^ Landes to JT^yfe Abbay by Ofenei. 

Elm gave riche giftea to thabbay ^ Reading. 

Ob the North £de of tbe Presbyievi of CMawy Gkttfdl ia 
buried u&dte an^ Ardie fabm AiMkr JuAm a fiMBofe Mmi fie 
ant high and large Tumbe of Marble. 

& )f«^f Wife lyidi under a flat MarUc by her Htt*att4^ 
Tumbe^ 



m ie fainted ty tbi Walls oftbtdkf€h ^ver fidxthV L.....^ 
inOLjMiniG. ACroOlilCrigeG^QT^^ %tmii^$i 
tym the tandes Q. i No points after dmUhtg in St. & C. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY- 19 

BeMufort a Kaight lyith in the Qiuer at the Hed of 
Countes Eh. 

This Bewfart and an Abbate of 0/^»e^buildid the Body of 
the Chirch now ftanding at Ofeney^ and ther be pojtuiid tneir 
Injages in the Volt ot it. 

There be very faire doble iQes « on eeb^ fide of eke Body 
Of the Chirch. 

There i% buried at Ofnttj yn our^ady Chapelle a Noble 
M«n of the PhcHesj in a fairTumbe W(th an imngei 

One Thomas KiJlmgtonj borne.at KrV/ni^^ id Qj«/2^4^^# 
Abbate of Ofmify^ buildid many Yere« fms the Cbapelle of 
our Lady on the North fide of the Presi^terie ot Qpmiy 
Chirch. 

There were in the Beginning c^rten Priori at C^^: and 
then the Rulers of the Houit were made Abbate^ : at the 
which tyme the Landes ofOfeney were auf mentid and parte* 
ly given with a Cisrtea peculiar JUrifdi<5tion fpiritual yn 

One Mr. 7«fyf / B^JUe of Os^rd hath a peace of a Booke ^ 
of the Ades of th<^ Aobates of O/hiwy, 

From O.v/^r// thorough the Soutbgate and Bridge of fun^ roI.ii. 
drie Arches over IgV, and a long Caufey im ulttr* rif4 in 
B^k/bir by a goodQ^firter of a Mile or more, and fo up to 
HinxfyHuU^ about a Mile from Oxford. 

From this Place the Hilly Grcunde was meately wooddy 
for the fpacd of a Mile : /iand thens 10. Miles al by Chaum- 
{Nun, and fum Come, but moil Pafture to Farhig^9n^ ftand- 
mg m a ftony Ground in the Decline of an HiUe. 

Sum caulie this Toune Chiping-Faringtw ^ but there ia 
other none oj^ very (maul Market now at it. 

This Tounelet hath but one Paroch Cbirche that hath a 
Croflclfle* 

In the Chirch yard is a very ftir Chapellc of die Trinite 
made by on Cheyny^ buried ther in a high TUlrfje of Marble : 
^md ther is a Ca^tuarie endowed. cStnfy Lord Warden ot 
the ^. Fortes npm gfveth it» 

The Perfonage is a 40. \u by Yere longgiDgto aPrebdhde 
yn Sxtfsiffi^ chat young yCm$$h&w$ a Wl^tmim notr hatb* 

I asked for the Caftelle that the Favorers of Matilde Em* 



n $m $ch fide of) tjiere in a lint draWn thro^ tfaefe fo«r 
words in the Original; bllt I know not whttier by^Mf* 
Xsiland's own Hand. /B and them %o. Miles St. y Caveteawe 
ft. 0cO. GavelcantB. 



peres 



la^ LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

pcrcs crefiid at this Place, and King Stephan after piillid 
doune : but they CQuld telle me naught of it. 

I lernid of certentye that a Mile out of Farington toward 
the right way u Hkhewarth Toune v. Miles from Farington^ 
wber is a good Ma^et for Barkjblr on the Wenf'daj^ apperech 
a great Diche, whcr a Fortreffe, or rather a Camp of «War, 
hath beene, as fum fay, dikid by the Dames for a fure Campe. 

VromFarli^on onto S. Johns-Bridge of 3. Arches of Stone 
and a Caufey a 3. Miles ahm. al by low grownd, and fubjed 
to the overflowinges of ^. 

I lernid tYiztNorthUchAyTok.ey that cummith after to JB/?- 
leche^ enterith into Ifis a litle byneth S. JoMs'-Btidg. 

This Northlech Water cummitn from North to South. 

Narthlecb is a praty uplandifch Toune viij. Miles from 
S. JoMs'Brtdg by North. Efileche is a y. Miles lower, both 
fet rJpa citer. as 1 cam. 

As I rode over Ips I lernid that ulter. ripa was in G/#- 

cefirejbir^ /Sand cHerlor y and Barkjhlrt and Oxforjfhir not far of; 

F0I.1*. At the very ende of S. Jobn^s^Bridge in ripa ulteriori on 

the right Hond I faw a Chapelle in a Medow, and greate 

Enclofiires of ftone Waulles. 

Heere was in hominum memoria a Priory of Blake Chanons 
of the Patronage of the Duke of Clarance or Tork. When 
this Priory was fuppreffid there were 3. Cantuaries ere^d 
in the Chirch of Lechelade : and ther remaynid ontylle of 
late dayes one Undrewoode^ Decane of WaUingfcrde^ founde 
Meanes that z. of thefe Cantuaries ihould be at WaBingfrrd^ 
College, and the third to remaine at Lechelade. 

From S. Jobi^s-Bridge to Lechelade about half a Mile, it 
is a praty olde Village, and hath a pratie pyramis of Stone, 
at the Weft Ende of the Chirch. 

From Lechelade to Fairford about a 4. Miles al bf low 
ground, in a maner in a levelle, moft apt for grade, but 
very barein of Woodde. 

Faiffard is a praty uplandifch Toune. and mtich of it long^ 
ith with the Perfonage to r«*^/^/-Abbay. 

There is a fair Manfion Place of the Tames hard by the 
Chirch Yarde, buildid thoroughly by yobn Tme and i JSif- 

m te Ignewerth St. 7h Wghworth G. To Highworth B. 
f and citmor in Barkfliir and Oxfordfliir, omiffis not far ef^ 
in C. y Lege in Barkfliir cvm B. 



I wvic ct deify a Edmuad, 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ^l 

munde Tame. The bakfide wherof goith to the very Bridg 
of Fatrford, 

Faifford never floriftdd afore the Gumming of the Tames 
onto It. 

John Tame began the fair new Chirch of Falrforde^ and 
Edmitnde Tame finiihid it. 

Both John and Edmund ly buried in a Chapelle of the 
Northfide of FahftfrdQmcr. 

Epitaph ; JoaTtms Tame. 

Orate pro animahus Joannis Tame arrnigeti & Alicix uxe- 
rh ejus, qui quldem Joannes oKt 8. die Menps Maij, ao. D. 
ijoo, (^ ano. regni Regis Henrici 7. i^«. Et pradiffa Alicia 
ohiitio. die Menfs Decembris, An^. D.i^ji. 
Epitaph : Edmundi Tame. 

Hicjacet Edmundus Tame miles ^ e^ Agnes, ^ Elizabeith 
uxores ejus, qui quidem Edmundus oiiit primo die Odobr. 
ao, D. 15 54. & ao. regis Henr. 8. atf. 

Faifford W^ter rifith a 5". Miles North North Weft from fo1.;^3. 
Fairford, and after rennith about a Mile lower thorough 
Welleford ViHage, and about d Mile lower as it were betwixt 
Welleford and S. Johrf s-Eridge goith into Ips. 

The ftreame ot l[ts lyith from^. Johsfs-Eridge thus upward : " 

From S. John^Ertdge to Lechelad more than half a Mile. 

From Lechelade to Eiton Caftelle in JVhileJhir^ wher great 
Ruines of a Building in Wyldbhrj as in ulteriori rtpa^ remayne 
yer^ a a. Miles upper on the Ifo. 

From Eiton Caftelle to Nunne-Eiton a Mile, to Grekelade^ 
or rather Crikelade^ *a a. Miles. 

Eiton the Lord Zouches Caftelle. 

Nunne^Eiton longgid to Godjlov. 

fiCreielade is x in the farther Ripe of ^, and ftoadith in 
Wtlejkire. 

Loke here vfhtvBraden Water cumming out ofWi/eJbir 
dooth go ynto Ijis. 

'BTomFairefordtoPultunzhoutey2L^.lAiles£m. Goingout 
oi Fairford I paffid over the Water, wher is a Bri<^ of 
4. Stone Arches. 

Ther cummith a litle bek by Fulton^ Jthat after « goit at 
a MiUe a litle above into the ^. 

mat. Mies'] stood Mlo St. fi Leg. Ctekelade is on the 
farther, y a%. Jmles^ 4md going St. t that afier goith at s 
IdtUe a litlo above Dounamney Vsllato into Amney Wa$ar in 
to Ifis. St. A B. nop difcedit G. • Goeth at a MiUe a litle 

1 on. 

above 



%% LELANiyS. ITINERARY. 

^m^ Ah t^-Jj^^ cummith Arnmey-Brckc into Ifit. Cnhrh Water 

cummith into 

I notid a litle beyond Vultou Village Vultam Priorie, wher 
was a Prior and i. or ;• Blake Chanons iiwith hym. 

I faw yn the WauUes where the Presbvterie was 3. or 4. 
Arches, wher ther wereTumbes of Geotilinen : I tbuik that 
there was byried fum of the Saima-MMirs. And of furety on 
S. Mauf Founder of it was buried there. 

As I paiSd out of Fnlton Village I went over the Bek of 
Pultoffj irifingnotfarabove. 
.^imiM flu. PulfoM'Bek about a Mile beneth Pt$ltom goith at a Mille « 
litle above Donnamniy into Amtm flaream^* 

From Pultm toward Amney ViUa^ I paffid over Amm 
Vt/^ater, and fo to ^«teii^ Village, leving it on the rignt hand. 
j^ney Brook rifith a litle alxDve /bm$€y Toune by North 
out of a Rok : and goith a j. Miles of or more to D«icp#- 
Atnnej^ wher Syr Aatany Hungtffbrd bath a fair HotdTc C^ 
Stont rifn ulter* 

jinmty goith into Ips a Mile beneth Soumtmn^ ngitn 
Uu»ne Eitam in IVtlfhir. 
fal.a4. FromP/v//^ toCrW^re/rtf ^a4.Mile$. 
Clrtncifire ftondith on Churm Ryver. 
.0&#n!r^^/bvcaullid in laaim C$rimimim^ 
Ther was afore the Conqueft a fair and riche Cdilege of 
Prebendaries in this Toune ; but of what CfSM^/ Founda- 
tion no man can telle. 

Henry the firft made this College an Abhay of Cl^anons 
Regulares. gyving them the Landes of the prebendaries to- 
tally, ancf mm other Thinges. JtMPtMJm^ Chauncelar to 
King Edward the Confejfor^ was Dene of this HouTet and bu- 
ried m the Body of the Chirch, as it apperitb by the £pit^)hy 
on his Tumbe. 

The Eft Parte of the Chirch of ChiwcetOte^khUy ihewith 
to be of a very old Building. The Weft Part from the 
Tfsmfrftum is but new Work to fpeke erf*. King Michsrd the 
firft jgave to tcirencefire the Cortes and Perquifites of 7. Hun* 
dreoes therabout yn Ghcefir^ir. 



above Dtmme jimmy Village intojimmey Waur, and (6c in- 
to Ifs. &e. B. & quidem in AMtep^afboTufrainto the ^tjcri* 
Utur^ Donneamney Village into AmneyyTztcr. ^ ^Hh htm 
defutttSt. &G. l^a/^.miteslMioutjh9$mlh<j. 



t ryfing. % Cireneefte. 

The 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. ^j 

The Landes of Cirencefire-Abbzy litlc tugmentid fins the 
Tyme of tke Ftindation by Henry the firft. 

There ly a. Noble Men of S. Amandes buried withyn the 
Presbyterie of OfmpfWfr^Abbay Chirch. 

And there is buried the Hart of ^ Semla^ Wife to Ricbari 
King l^isf Romahf^ and Erie ofCormpalle. 

Serlo firft Abbate of Cfrencejlre. StrU De^^ 

This Ser/0^ made his Brother Prior of Bradine^fioke. ous Swvm^ 

Ther wereyxxvii). or xxix. Abbates ofckencefire zfterSerlo. f!if*^j: ^} 

Mr. B/ifif the laft Abbate buildid a. FuUinjg Millcs at <S- ^^ ^^ 
Tincffire that >c<^ a 700. Markes of Monr. They be won- ^ 
derfuUy neceilary ,bycattfe theToun ftanditn alle by Clothing. 

There hath bene 5. Paroche Chirchis in Grencefire^ wher- 
of & diilm Chirch is dene douiu it was of late but a Cha- 
pelle. & LsMrence yet ftonditb, but as no Paroch Chirch, poj, ^^ 
Ther be %. poor Almofe Women cndowid with Landes. 

Thcr is now but one Pttrcche Chirch in al Chencefire : but 
that is vwy fair. 

The Body of the Chirch is al new Work, to the which. 
ItBthdJ^ Bislhop of Ditrefhfty borne and brought up in Gfre»- 
c^ey promifid much,but piircntid with Deth gave nothing* 

One Alice Avelsnz^ Aunt to Bisihop Rnthm by the Mo- 
ther fide, cave an Hundretb Markes to the Building of the 
fi^t goodly Porche of the Paroch Chrrqh. 

» And RMfballes Mother contributid and other to the per- 
fonnentefic. 

Ahjumieir Kecham^ a great Qerk and Abbate of CSren-- 
cefirt^ buried in Ac Entringof the Cknfter ofTFkcefire^ en^ 
teriag out of the Chirch into theQoyfter. King Hf^p?; tho 
firft made the Hofeital erf' S. folm at Cfrencefirt. dremcefire 
Toun hath but a Bailife to govern there. 

C fr w M tf jft ' g is yn C&teJmUe. 

€9itmeftre hath the raoft celcbratcMarket ([ in al thatQuar* 

The way hnA f this from dreneefirt to Londm: 

^ToFiSifird^. Miles. 

To Farmgfm Viij. . 

To AUmgdan . . . MSIes. 1 

To J>9rAefin r. MSes. 

ToliiiA7 



m SaaOia. B. /t if^e Itmsms G. y zxviii. or defiint 
St. f cofi 0hu$ 700.13. s And Ruthalfes mother and others 
w o w tf 'ABHd to thpr/brmmtn ef irG. 1^ m altthofe Sufrteri 
G. n this'] thus StMG. ^nVmioxdyuu miles St^^ 

To 



H LELAND*S ITINERARY. 

To L^don 

Tettyrt is vij. Miles from Mslmestjri^ and is a praty Mar- 
ket Toun. 

Tetbjrl livth a a. Miles oa the lift Hand of from F0ffe 
as Men rvde to Sodiyri* 

The Bed of IJ:s in CotefmsUe rifith about a Mile z this 
fide Tethyri. 

The Iwe way goith ouce ztClrenc^n^ and fo ftreatchith by 
a manifeft great Crelte to Sodtjri Market • • • • Miles of, 
and fo to Brifior^* 

Ctmhetkeh lyith by North Weft a v\. Miles from (Atem^ 
ceftre^ and there ys tne Hedde of Cra^^^i^e/f^-Streame. 

Mafter Bridges hath a fair Houfe at Cawkerkih. 
. ThisStreame cummith a 3. Miles lower thorough Jf^MPomifc 
Park, and ther hath Sir Edmunde Tame a very fair Houfe* 
roL t6. From dremefire to Mabnestjri viij. Miles. 

Firft I roode about a Mile on Foffe. then I tumid on the 
lifte Hand, and cam al by Champayne Grounde, fhitehil of 
Come and GrafTe, but very litle Wood. 

I paflid over a ftone Bridg, wher as Newton Water^ as I 
tooke itjfennith in the very Botom by the Town, «and fo en- 
terid by the Toune by thefte Gate. 

The Toune of Matmeskyrl ftondith on the very Toppe of 
a greate flaty Rok, and ys wonderfully defendid by nature. 
' '' for Newton Water cummith a a. Miles from North to the 

Toun: and Avon Water cummith by Wefte.of the Tpun 
from iMtklngton Village a 4. Miles or, and meate aboute a 
t Bridge iS at 7 South Eft Part of the Toun. and fo goith A!tj§m 
by South a while, and than turaeth flat Weft toward Bfijl^w. 

The Conduce that cam to Malmesbjri Abbay was fette 
frolm Newton. 

Newton Water and Avon ren fb nere togither in the botom 
of the Weft Suburbe at Malmeshrl^ that there within a 
Burbolt-fhot the Toun is peninfulatid. In the Toun be ▲i 
Gates by the names of Eft.Weft,North, and South, minus aL 

The Walles in many places ftond ful up : but now very 
feble. 

Namre hath dikid the Toun ftrongely. 

It was fum tyme a Caftelle of greate Fame, wher yn the 
Toun hath fyns Ibt buildid : for in the Beguming of the 



m Leg. emdjo enteridinto the Thnne iy tbefie Gstf* tsttdke 
SoBthG. y The South B. f ieneMUidG. 

I Brii%« 



Toun. 

This Ci^fte^p wa^ fmmid pf i^h/^ B^iHm c^if-Jih4un. 

The 5(«jff<wx firft cauUid it Ingelifume. ^z Sixo- 

And jift^r of w« J^il4t4lfbus % Spotff^ that tauffbt gpod "^jj^*"* 

Letters there and after procurid an Abbay ther to be ipuA^,^ \ 

it was Mai4ulfi>efijfrij i, ^tldtflfkf mf§^ 

The King of thfi ^Wifi-S0^9m *p4 ^ ei|fiV)p ofWmfkPre 

yfcr^ founder? pf rim M^^^Y- 
Aldelmiif wjif ffeea j^ftef M§if4i/tk Abb^tc t^ere, and after 

Pi^fhuop of i[^fri4^r», 
This §. ^iflm is Patrwe of tfejs PJa<?e, 
The Tpyne Jj^t]^ a gf ^t Privileg of % F^r abput rb^ Feft 

of Saind Aldelme • /S at the which *J yf^e the Towe feepitb ft Fol. 17. 

J^pd of hart^djd ^eg to fe p^P^ce J^ept : y a^d ^tji^s qpp of 

the 0r^gg§? Qf^ti^ Tw9, Md i^.erby tb^y be Air«4flMd wiA 

Harneys. 

Tb^f wf re ^^ th^bjj^y Cbirch y^rd 7, Chircbei : tfclbbay 
Chirch a right Magnificent thing, wher were 2. Steple?, 
pp^ that bad a 1 ipigbtie bigb fy^mfs^ fta4 fellP daungfiufly 
in hommum metnoria^ ^p^ &fL% >^a$ fiQt re^di^^d: ij: ftojd/^ in 



the n^^e g^ the Tranfeft¥m Pf ^b^ Chircb, and wai^ ft M^rke 
to ^l tW vPMi^^f^ about, tbe p^ber yet llaadir 
i*quare Toyir^, |i^ tfee Wie^ Elide of the Cbirch 



Tbe Tpuae$ \/Ig^ % Ja^ b^gbt tWs Cbirch of tb? King, 
and bath made it their Parochp Cbirch. 

Tbe Body of tbp.oldePa^pcb Cbir^, ft^ndiag i^i^^be Weft 
End of the Cbircb Yarde, is clene taken doun. Tbe gjib 

Tbefiiir fqy^^ Twr iijl Cb^ Weft £nde k tept for ^ dweU* 
ingHoufe. 

Th^r w^ ? Jif 1^ Qvircb j^oing to the Spwtb fuje of the 
Tt^ivf^ffum «cf thabby Cbircb, wber (am (ay Joaimfi$ Scm^f 
the Great Clerk was flayne about tbe Ty«ie q£ ^JredilQfi^ 
f£ Wfift^Saif^ns pf bi^ PFa Wfcipl^? thruftiag aw ftriki^ng 
J^m w»)eL tf^^if Table ?pii>tel.lep. 

H WeftSaxoas, jir4Mi^^ Keniwalc^us, ondaBif, St. /I it/ 
^A^ w&Vi&] ahout which G . y and this is O7t0 Q, f This is 
one B. • of the Ahbay Churchy and is a very old feece ofWorke. 
Weavers have now homes in this little Church. Here fome fay 
Johannes Sfipttus^^. Pvrffltelles. G« 



yol.». '^^^ D Wever* 



t6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Wevers hath now lomes in this litle Chirch, but it ftond« 
ith and is a very old Pece of Work. 

Thcr was an Image fet up yn thabbay Chirch yn « Honour 
of this Jolm Scotte. 

This is John Scotte that tranflatid Dionjfius out of Grekp 
into Latine. 

Malmesbjri hath a ^ood quik Market kept every Saturday. 

There is a right fair ancf coftely Peace of Workc in the 
Marketplace made al of Stone and curiufly voultid for poore 
Market folkes to ftande dry when Rayne cummith. 

Ther be 8. great Pillers and 8. open Arches : and the 
Work is 8. fquare : one great Piller in the midle berith up 
the Voulte. The Men of the Toune made this Peace of 
Work in h^minum memoria. 

The hole loggingcs of thabbay be now longging to one 
Stumfe^ an exceding riche Clothiar that boute them of the 
King. 

This Stumfes Sunne hath maried Sir Edward Bayntof^s 
Doubter. 
Fol. it. This Stumpe was the chef Caufer and Contributer to have 
thabbay Chirch made a Paroch Chirch. 

At tnis prefent tyme every Comer of the vafte Houfes of 
Office that belongid to thabbay be fulle of lumbes to wevc 
Clooth yn, and this Stumpe « entendith to make a ftret or 2. 
for fi Clothier in the bak vacant Ground of tte Abbay that 
is withyn the Toune WauUes. 

There be made now every Yere in the Toune a jooo. 
Clothes. 

Sum hold opinion that ther was fiim tyme a ^Nunnery 
wher the Heremitage now ftondith in the Dike of the Toune 
at the Weft Ende of the old Paroche Chirch. 

Sum fay there That there was another Nunnery toward 
the Park a litle without the Toun longging to thabbate in 
the Way to Chippenham* 

And 1 have redde That there was a Nunnery wher now 
is a poore Hofpitale about the South Bridge without the 
Toun in the way to Chippenham. 

Going out or Malmesbyri by the South Gate I turnid on 
the lifte Hond and fo pafSd over Avon by a fiur Bridg of 
Stone having 3. Arches. 



n entendtdQ. fi Clothiers St, & G. 
f Hoaor. a Noaery. 



And 



LELAND'S ITINERARY- a? 

And then confcending an Hillet even ther by left a Cha- 

f)elle or Paroch Chirch hard on the lift Hand, and then 
eaving the Park and the late Abbates Maner Place on the 
lift Hond, I cam to a Village about a Mile of cauUid F<?/f, 
wher was a Bridge and a good ftreame renning undre it. 

Thens to Chippenham a vj. Miles. 

Riding betwixt Malmesiyrl and Chippenham al the Ground 
on that fide of the Ry ver was Chaumpain, fruteful of Corne 
and Graffe. but litle Wood. 

Thus ryayng I ItfttAvon ftreame aboute a a. Miles on the 
lifte Hand. 1 markid x. Places betwene Malmestyrl and 
Chippenham notable. Draicote^ wher Sir Henrye Long hath a 
fair Manor Place, and a Park about a Mile from Avon 
ftreame. Draicot is a 5. Miles from Malmeshyn^ and a a. 
Miles from Chippenham. 

On the other fide of the Avon River I faw Bradenefioke foI. 19. 
Priory Ruines on theToppe of an Hille a Mile and an half 
from Avon Ryver. 

Bradenefioke is about a 4. Miles from Malmestyri. 

Al the Quarters of the Forefte of Braden be welle wooddid 
even along from Malmesbyri to Chippenham Ward. 

Mr.Pvf dwellithat . . • ^lixlc from Chippenham^ 

but in Chippenham Paroche. 

One told me that ther was no notable Bridge on Avon 
betwixt Malmeshri and Chippenham. I paffid over i. Bekkes 
betwixt Malmesbyri ^vlA Chippenham. 

[ left Chippenham a Mile on the lifte Hand, and fo went 
to Altngton Village about a Mile of, and thens 3. Miles to 
Cojham^ a good uplandifch Toun, wher be ruines cf an old 
Maner Place : and therby a Park wont to be yn dowage to 
the Queues of Endande. Mr. Baynton yn Quene Annes 
Dayes pullid doun by licens a Peace of this Home fumwhat 
to help his Buildinges at Bromeham. 

Olcf Mr. Bonehome told me that Cofeham apperteinid to 
the Erldom of CornwaUe^ and that Cojham was a Manfion 
Place longging to it wher fumtyme they lay. 

Al the Menne of this iTownlet were bond: fo that apoa 
a tyme one of the Erles c^ComewaUe hering them fecretely 
to lament their ftate manumittid them for Mony, and gave 
them the Lordfhip of Cojham in Copie Hold to apaie a chief 
Rente. 

From Cofeham to Hafeltyri about a 1. Miles, 



I Townekt. * pay- 



li LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 

I left on the lift Hand on the Toppe of a litle Hille an 
Hcrcmitage withyn a licle as I turnid doun to H^Ujrh 

The Manor Place of f^^ffh^ ftondich in z litle Vaie. tfid 
^as a Thing of a flmple Building afore that oldMt. Bnh 
ham Father did build there. The B^ntlmttei afbte dlit 
Tyme dwcllid by i Ldceck apon Aotn^. 

There is a feld by Lacok wher Men find much JtimAn 
Mony. itiscaulidjf/a;^-/>^A/. 

From Hdfelhrt to ^Monkton-WMthi a Mile £m. wher bf 
the Village ther Was a Priorle ftotiding on a litle hille, fum- 
tyme having Blak Monkes^ a Prior, and 1 Convetit 6E ta. 

Monkttak'FMtky emong other tnynges Was a late gfren 
to therle of Hertjird. 
foi. 50. f'rom Hafe/hr! to Monkton the Countte begindith tt> W4t 
woddy : and lo forth lyke to Braitf^i aboitt St i. Milei 
from MunketMm-Fkrley : and alfo to part into HiUes ahd 
Valeys. 

m Mr. Ijing hath a litle Maner about a Mile ttctn JtMdke^ 
ton^Varley at IVrexIey. 

The Original fetting Up of the Houfe of the JtjM^«r dUn, 
as I lernid of Mr, BonchM^ by this melties : 

One Long Thomas a ftoutd felaW Was fette up bV one of 
the fi old Lordes HungreforJes. And after by caure tmft HbHut 
was caullid Long Thomas^ tMg after Was ufiirpid fot the 
Name of the FamiJy. 

This Long Thomas Maftef* had fum Lande by HkM^ 
/irJrx procuration. 

Theai fuccedid hyftl A^^^yf and liMj. 

Theacam one thomdsUiitg defcettdlhg of y Yoiihget Bh)- 
ther, and could skille of the LaW, and hkd the ^tnberitaticei 
of tne aforefaid L^Tttes. Syr Henry &nd Sir JtichMtJ jLMg 
were Sunnes to this Thomas. 

The Toune felf of BraSepfi ftohdith oA the • dining of a 
flaty Rokke, and hath a meetely good Market bns a Weeke* 
The Toune is made al of Itoftife and llahdith, as I cam to it, 
on the hither Ripe of Avoin. 

■■■■■■ ■ • I ■ I ■ -- I > "n i T . • ' i ' . " . • ■ ■ r .. i . — ■"«•*•• 1 

lit 5';r H^»>y tongt St. & C Sir Henry fwfr.Jtn. fini/tur 
In Autogr* fi tf/rfdeeftG. y yongtr J&rcth.rn St. a younger 
Brother G. A younger J3. ^ InherHame G. < cUmingeSu 
& G. Cliving B. 



X Licok. 1 Mahk'toh. 

Ther 



30 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

A 1. Miles above Brlfiow was a commune TirsjeSus bjr 
Bote, wber was a Chapelle of S. Anne on the fame fide of 
Avon that Bath ftondith on, and heere was great Pilgrimage 
to S. Anne. 

* There is a litle Streate over Bradeford Bridge, and at the 
Ende of that is an Hofpitale of the Kinges of Englmmdes 
fundation. 

As I turnid up at this Streat End toward Througb-'Bridg 
ther was a Quarre of fair Stone on the rieht Hand in a feldc. 

From Bra3e(orde to Thorough-Bridge about a a. Miles by 
good Come, Fafture and Wood. 

I enterid into the Toune by a Stone Bridge of a j. Arches. 

The Toune ftandith on a Kokky iiHille, and is very wellC 
buildid of Stone, and florifliith by Drapery. 

Of later Tym^s one JamesTerumhery a very rich Clothier, 
buildid a notable fair Houfe in this Toune, and gave it at 
his Deth with other Landes to the finding of a. Cantuaric 
Preftes yn Through-Bridg Chirch. 

This Terumter made alfo a litle Almofe Houfe by ThrOnglh 
Br/W|:^ Chirch, and yn it be a(^. poore folkes having a j.peoce 
a Peace by the Week toward their Findinff. 

Horton^ a Clothiar of Bradeforde^ buildid of late Dayes 
dy vers fair Houfes in this Toun. 

Old Bayllie buildid olfo of late yn this Toun. he was a 
rich Clothiar. Bailies Sun now drapeth yn the Toun, and 
Fo! 31. alfo a. a. Miles out of it at a Place yn the Way toRaEr/y-GifteL 
One Alexandre is no\V a great Clothier in the Toun. 

The Chirch of Through-Bridge is li^tfum and fair. 
^ One MoUnes is Parfon ther, a Man welle lemid. 

The Caftelle ftoode on the South fide of the Toune. it is 
now clene doun. There was in it a 7. gret Toures. wherof 
peaces of 2. yet ftande. 

The River rennith hard by the Caftelle. 

This Brooke rifith about a Mile and an half from Ifer-- 
mtnfier by Southeft,and fo cummith toThrough-Bridge'Tovai^j 
and thens about a Mile to Saverton^ an hamlet longing to 
Through-Bridge and there metith with Avon River : and at 
T Snver on ^^^^ Confluence there is a Stone Bridg over Avon. 
Bridge. Saverton ftondith on the fame fide of the Brooke that 
Through-Bridge dothe. 



ii Hitte-] L. HiUet. 



I Saverton Bridg in ihe margin. 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY- ?t 

There is a fair ftanding Place for Market Men to ftond 
yn, in the Hart of theToune, and this is made viij. Square, 
and a Filler in the midle, as there is one made in Malmes" 
by ft far fairer then this. 

The Eries of Sarnm were Lordes of Horough-Bftdg : then 
the Duke oi Lancafter^ now therle of ttHertfor J, 

From Through- BriJg to CafteBe-Farley about a 3. Miles by 
good Come, iSPafture^ and nere Farley felf plenty of Wood. 
Or I cam to the Caftefle I paffid over Frome Water, paiEng 
by there yn a Rokky Valey and Botom, where the Water 
brekijh into Armelettesand makith Iflettes,but fone ymeting 
agayn with the jprincinale ftreame, wherby there be in the 
Caufey diverfe fmaul Bridges. ^ 

This Water rennith hard under the Botom of the Caftelle, 
and there drivcth a Mylle. The Caftelle is fette on a Rokky 
Hille. 

There be diverfe praty Towrres in the utter Warde of the 
Caftelle. 

And in this utter Warde ys an auncient Chapelle, and a 
hew Chapelle annexid onto it. 

Under the Arch of t;his Chapelle lyith, but fumwhat more 
to the old Chapelle warde, one of the Hungerfordes with his 
Wife, having thefe Epitapnies apon a, Schochins of Plate of 
BrafTe : ^ 

Hie jacet Thomas Hungerford cheval/ier dn$ di Farley, 
WeleWj^ Heitesbyri: qui oUtt 3. die Deceml^ris afi. I>. 1398. v^ltm % 
cu'jus amm^ frofitietuT Deus, amen. F^'^V 

* Hie jacet Domtna Joanna Uxor ejufdem Thomx Hunger- ^'^^ *• 
ford, filia D«. Edmundi Hufee M litis : qua obiit frima ^//V^fpI.h, 
MeiMis Martii ifi. D. 141a. 

Thefe Thinges that heere folow were written in a Table 
in the Chapelle ; 

Thomas HuncrefordiT^^A/ and Dame Joanna his Wife. 

Syr Gualter Hungreford Lord Hungreford Kmght of the Guiltenif 
Garter and High jyeaforer of Enghndc. //m/ Tho- 

Catarine Heire to Peverel, and Wife to Gualter. ™,f J*" 

Syr Robert Lord Hungreford. Robemis 

Margaret Heire to Botreaux, l^tfe to Robert Erie Hun-//m/ oud- 
greford. ««"« *• Cir 

Eleanor Molynes Heire to Molines and Wife to Robert. So^iu* 
Leyland, c»mei fiitu 

Robeiti ^ 

- ■ MargarcMw 

m Hertford] Hereford G. fi And Pafture B. y Metingl 
meteth fupra lin. in G. 



*t: 



j^ LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

I bard (ay that this Erl and his Wife wQre buri^ ia ^ 
Ctdrch of Sarum. 

The Line of the late Lord Hifngrffird. 

Gualter Hungreford Knighu 

JfMMtm Wirc to Guslttr. 

Edward Sun to Walter. 

Jsme his Wife. 

byr Gualtir Lord > Hanpeford. 

Safsn Doughter to a Darners of Daundefey by Bradfiffi : 

JUice the Lorde ^ffxrfx Doughter : 

E/ixahfh the Lorde Hij/e^'/ Doughter : Wive$ to G^alUf 
late lord Hunierprd. 

Gualter and Edward Sunnes to Gualter late Lor4 Ibv* 

rher longgid x. Chauntre Preftes to this ClUpcUp: iw4 
they had a praty Maafion at the very Eft End of it. 

The Gate Houfe of the Inner Court pf the CaftcUp is ftir, 
and ther be the Armes of the Hungrefordes richely mUf 
yn Stone. 

The Haule and 3. Chambers witbyn the fewod CourW 
be ftately. 

There is a commune faying that on^ of the HfH^efardet 
buildid this Part of the Caftelle by the Praye of the i>ul(e 9f 
Orleaunce whom he had taken Prifoner. 

WarUy ftanditb yn Somerfe^fhhr. 

f^0mt Ryver ^ther partith, and fo doon to the Mout]k| 
Witrfhhr from Somerfetjhir. 

The Mouth of it where it goith ynto Avow is afaoi«e a 
Mile and an half lower then Farley^ and by Eftirnatips 
Bradeford is a %. good Miles upper 0^ Avon. 

There is a 3 Parke by Farley Caftelle. 

There is alfo a litle above the Caftelle a ViUa^C. 

py^jwr Water riiSth at 

Fri« 34. PbiHffet'North$euu a pratie M^ket Toun is about |i jy$ile 
from Edf/gf Caftelle, and ftandith in &«r^^ir. . 

This Toune taiicb the Name of the Dedicatjloi) of the 
Chirch thereyn that is to FhlHp and Jacot. 

There is a Faire at this Toun 00 the Feft ofPhiSpmi jFoiet* 

From Farley I ridde a Mile of by Woddy Ground to a 
Graung great and weile buUdid, t^at JoAgid to Hmfo^PriQiic 



a Vaners] Davers G. Danvers B. 



I HuDgerford. 2 there. 3 Ftrk, 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ?3 

t)f Chartufans, This Priory ftondith not far of from this 
Graunge on the brow of an Hille abouth a Quarter of a Mile 
from, the farther Ripe of Frome^ and not far trom this Place 
Frome goith ynto Avon. 

I rodde by the Space of a Mile or more by Woddes and 
•iMountaine Grouade to a Place, where I faw a rude ftone 
Waulle hard on the right bond by a great lenghte as it had 
beene a Park Waulle. One fins told me that Henton Priory 
firft ftode there, it it be foit is the Lordfhip of Hetkorfe tha,t 
was gyven to them for their firft Habitation. 
• And about a Mile farther I cam to a Village and paffid 
over a Ston Bridge where ranne a litle Broke tnere iSthey" 
cauUid y t Mslford-Watcr. 

This Broote rifith in the rootes of MenJif-^iWtz a 7. 
Miles or more bv Weft South Weft from this Bridge, and 
goith about a Mile lower into Avon. 

From this Bridge to Bath %. good Miles al by Mountaynb 
Ground and Quarrc and litle Wood in fyte. 

About a Mile from Bath I left the way that ledith to Brl" 
fiow for them that ufe from Saresbyrt to Brifiow. 

Or ever I cam to the Bridge of Bath that is over Avon I Fol. 5/« 
cam doun by a Rokky Hille hiUe of fair Springes of Water : 
and on this Rokky Hille is fette a longe ftreate as a Suburbe 
to the Cyte of Bath ; and ^ this ftreat is a Chapelle pf S. 
Mary Magdalen. Ther is a great Gate with a Stone Arche 
at the Entre of the Bridge. 

The Bridge hath y . fair Stone Arches. 

Bytwixt the Bridge and the South Gate of Bath I markid 
fair Medowes on eche Hand, but efoecially on the lift Hond, 
and they ly by South Weft on the Toun. 

The Cite of Bath is fette booth yn a frutefiil and pleafant 
Botom, the which is environid on every fide with greate 
Hilles. out of the which cum many Springes of pure water 
that be t conveyid by dyvcrfe » way to ferve the Cite. Info- 
much that Leaae beyng made ther at hand many Houfes yn 
the Toune have Pipes of Leade to convey Water fromPlacc 
to Place. 

There be 4. Gates yn the Town by the Names of Eft, Weft, 
North and South. 

TheToune Waulle within theTouneis of no great Highth 

to the yes : but without it is i fundamentis of a reaibnable 

'"^^"^^ ' ' " ■— ^— —— ^—^■^— , ^ 

tt Mountalm Ground O. fi they deeft G . Dele they cum B. 
y Mlfird]L.i£tfrrJ. t emdinthhG. In this B. • wayes 

io/ifve St. 8c G. "^ 

■ " — • — "— - ■«-■■--■• 1 1 -' 1 

t Kfitfbrd. a QQVfty, 

Vol. »• E Highth. 



34 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
Hishth. tnd it ftondith almoft tile, Itkking but a peace abas 
Gif/?«yji*i.Tower. 

la the Wtlles at this ^me be no Tourrei fiiving over die 
TouneGate. 

One Gafcajnt an Inhtbitante of the Toune in bmimm 
memma made a litle Peace of the Walle that was in Decif, 
as for a fine for a faught that he had commictid in theCrte: 
wherof one part as at a Corner rifith higher then theRefidew 
of the Walle, wherby it is communely cauilldG^yS«jrj*r-Towtr. 

itThere be divers notable Antiquitees engravid in Scone dut 
yet be fene yn the Walles of Bstbe betwixt the South Gtte 

m there be dhers uetaUe AMtifMiiees'\ Since Mr. Ltlmift 

time there have been alfo a great Number of Antiquities dit 

covered at this Place, fome <» which have been carefiilly l«^ 

ferv'd, and others intirely deftroy'd. Mr. Cmuhm hadi beea 

pleas'd to account for feveral. and had he livM to havcg^ 

ven us another Impreffion ot his Book (a new Edicioftof 

which in Latin^ for it ought to be publiih'd in the iame Lifl" 

^uage in which it was originally written, is now muchd^ 

lir'dby learned Men) he would, in all probability, haveic- 

counted for many of the reft, if either my preient SttfJOB. 

or my other Circumftances would allow me the Ubaty or 

Travelling, I (hould take great Pleafure and SatislaftioQiB 

furveyine this ancient and noted City, and 'tis likely I miala 

be indue d to give an Hiftory of the moft conGdeiable Aa- 

ticjuities about it, together with fiich Remarks and Rdl^ 

Aions as fliould occur to me upon that occafion. At the 

fame time "'twould be proper to add a Colleton of other 

Roman Antiquities ftill preferv'd in this Ifland^ and not yet 

publifh'd by any of our Antiquaries. And this would be a 

convenient Seafon too for publifhing that famous CoUedkia 

of ancient Statues preferv'd in my \A. lA9iKf§ef^% Gardeoi 

in Narfhamfton^irej which I could wijQi had been done bf 

Mr. Moreton in his late Namral Hiftory of NerthamMmtfUn^ 

efpecially fince he referv'd one Part of the Work for the 

moft memorable Antiquities belonging to that County, a- 

mongft which thefe Statues ought certainly to be reckoned. 

But leaving this Point,all I {hall note farther at prdent is only 

to beg leave to infert three Roman Infcripdons that are fix*a 

in the Walls at Bath^ which tho'they are already publiih'd by 

Mr. Camden*^ yet they are very faultily printed tnere and far 

from being done with that Nicety and Ext^StneCs that oa^to 

be obferv'd in thefe Afiairs. The two former were taken bf 

* Brk, Sd« opc« p. 117. 



12 LE LAND'S ITINERARY. jj 

^ and the Wefte Gate : and agayn betwixt the Weft Gate 
and the North Gate. 

^ an ingenious and accurate Perfon. vhi. Mr. Samuel Gals 
of LoMiiony Brother to my learned Friend Roger Gale 

^ Efq; of Scrut^ near NortbalerUm in T^rijhire. Tho firft is 
as follows: 







vmvmm^ 



1 



xmc. cQLarI« dnEv 

This is alfo publiffi'd by the faid Mr. Roger Galb in 
his AfitQmms^ p. iiy. but faultily likewife, occafionM not hf 
his own Negligence, but by the Carelefsnefs of thelngraver, 
or at leaft of the Penbn that had copied it for him. A Copy 
of this Infcription was alfo communicated to me bdFore oy 
the ingenious Mr. E dwar d Thwait£ s, who had taken 
a view of the Stones themfelves, duringhis Refidence for 
fome Months at his Place. But in his uopy for lxxxvi. 
'twas read lxzxviii, and I found by perufing his Notes thaS 
lie had remarked that only Lxxx.appear'd reuly in tbeStoncu 
The fecond Infcription is this: 



9iUafts out 

tShammanu 
gistantif. 



i. 



ANNJIcmUCDDRfJU) 
FlL.l»>tMTC;. 



Cartmca/iti 



C4$4n 



El 



that 



i6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The firft was an antique Hed of a man made al flat and 
having great Lokkes of Here as I have in a Coine of C.jiit$im. 

The Secunde that I did fc bytwene theSouth and the North 
Gate was an Ima^e, as I tooke it, of HereuUs: for he held 
yn eche Hand a SeiTpent. 

Then I faw the Image of a foote man vihaio gloMo & 
fr^enfo clyfeo. 

Then I faw a Braunch With Leves foldid and wrethin in- 
to Circles. 



that is, DiisManibus Suceia^feu Succejpt^ Tetrom^. Vixh 4 
tres^ menfes quatuovy dies quindecem. Ramulws Me ^ SMma 
filU farentes fecerunt. I am the rather inclined to believe 
thefe Copies of Mr. Gale to be exad, becaufe they are war- 
ranted and confirmed by other Copies of them that were fent 
me by the learned Mr. Odd y, there being no material Dif« 
ference in either of their Tranfcripts. Andyet the afbrefaid 
Mr.THw A I T Es(who died,to the no fmallLols of S'^rw^xLearn- 
ing, at Ltttlemore near Oxford between four and five of 
the Clock in the Morning on Tuefday Dec. ii«^. ijii. and 
was buried very privately xn the Chancel of the Church of 
Iffley to which Part of UttUmore belongs the next day about, 
five a Clock in the Evening) was pleased to read the latter 
of thefe Infcriptions quite otherwife, as appears from the 
Copy he ^ave me leave to tranfcribe from his Note Book, 

D. xM. 
SVCC. PETRONIAE. VIX. 
ANN. m. M. IIII. D. IX. V^O 

MVLVS. T. VICTSARINA 
FIL. KAR. FEC. 
The laft of thefe three Infcriptions was fent me by my 
learned Friend the beforemention'd Mr. Odd y, and u cx- 
aftly here printed from his Copy : 

iLivsrsxi 

WL. VXSO .I 

Which Mr.OD D v reads thus : Julius Sabinns Juliae Uxm, 
the / being inferred, as it was cuftomary alfo in other In- 
ftances of the fame kind. This had been likewife before 
put intd my hands by Mr. T h w a i t e s, but then he doci 
not feem to have been fo happy in his Reading, his Copy re- 
prefcntingit thus: 

iitivS.'SA: 

J?^?.,YX..S9: Then 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY: n 

Then I faw ij. nakid Imagis lying a long, the one ixxt- 
bracing the other. 

Then I faw to antique Heddes with Heerc as rofelid yn F0I36. 
Lokkes. 

Then I faw a Grey-Hound as rcnning, and at the Taile of 
hym was a Stone engravid with p^^tRomane Letters, but I 
could pike no i«fentence out of it. 

Then I faw another Infcription, but the Wether hath ex- 
cept a few Lettres clere jSdetacid. 

Then I faw toward the Weft Gate an Image of a man em- 
bracid with a. Serpentes. I took, it for Laocoon. 
Betwixt the Wefte and the North Gate. 

I faw a. Infcriptions, of the wich fum wordes were evi- 
dent to the Reader, the Refidew dene defacid. 

Then I faw the Image of a nakid Man. 

Then I faw a ftone having cupUines & lahufcas inters 
currentes. 

Then I faw a Table having at eche Ende an Image vivid 
and florifhid above and benetn. In this Table was an Infcri- 
ption of a Tumbe or Burial wher in I faw playnly thefe 
wordes : vixit annos xxx. This Infcription was meately 
hole but very ydiflfufely written^ as Letters for hole Wordes, 
and 2. or 3. Letters conveid in one. 

Then I faw a. a Images, wherof one was of a nakid Manne 
grafping a Serpent in eche Hand,as I tooke it: and this Image 
was not far from the North Gate* 

Such Antiquites as were in the WauUes from the North 
Gate to the Eft, and from the Eft Gate to the South, ^hath 
bene defacid by the Building of the Monaftery, and making 
new Waulles. 

I much doubte wither thefe antique Workes were fette in 
the Tyme of lYitKomans'DomxmonmBritmte in the Waulles 
of Bath^ as they ftand now : or wither tney were gatherid 
of old Ruines ther, and fins fet up in the Walles reedified in 
Teftimonie of the antiquite of theToun. 

There be 2. Springes of whote Wather in the Weft South 
Weft Part of the Towne. Wherof the bigger is caullid the 
CroJfeBathy bycaufe it hath a Crofs eredtid m the midle of it. 
This Bath is much frequentid of People 1 difeafid with Le* 
■ . . tp 

^ fi^e G. fi defacti it G. y Jififfely] It fliould be rather 
$0ntrattedly^ as is conjeftur'd by my learned and very kind 
Friend Thomas Ra w al i n s o n of the Middle-Temple 
Efq. I Hkvc B. 

.J de(fafid» 

pre 



3l LELANiyS ITINERARY^ 

pre, Pokkei, Scabbes, and great Aches^ and is tcmperare 
and pleafant. having a 1 1. orii. Arches of Stone in tlie fides 
for men to itonde under yn tyme pf Revne. 

Many be holp by this Batbe from Scabbes and Aches. 

The other Bstbe is a a. hunderith Foote of, and is leflR? in 
Fol. )7. Cumpace withyn the « WauUe then the other, having but j. 
Arches yn the waulle. 

This is cauUid the H^te Bsibfx for at cummins into it 
Men think that it wold fcald the Flefch at the firft^ Mt after 
that the Flefch ys warmid it is more tolerable and pleafiuinL 

Both thefe Bsihfs be in the midle of a /ilite ftreat^ and 
joine to S. f^Ms Hrffitmle : fo that it may be thought that 
JI«giiM/i# Bislhop of Bsibi made this Hofpitale nere thefe %. 
commune Bstbes to focour poore people reforting to them. 

The Kinges Bstbi is very taire and large ftanding ahnoft in 
the midle of the i Toune, and at the Weft End of the Cathe- 
dralc Chirch, 

The Area that this BiUb is yn is cumpaffid with an faig^ 
Stone Waulle. 

The Brimmes of this Bs^ hath a litle Walle cumpafing 
them, and in this Waul be a n* Arches for Men ana Wo* 
men to ftand feparately yn» To this Bstb do Gentihncn 
refort. 

Ther goith a flufe out of this Batbj and fervid in Tjpies 
paft with Water derivid yout of it a. Places in Bstb Pnoric 
u&d for Bstbifi elsvoide; for in them be no fpringes« 

The Colour of the Water of the t Baynes is as it were a 
depe blew Se Water, and rikith like a (ething Potte conti* 
nualJy, having fumwnat a fulphureus and fumwhat a a plea* 
fant uvor. 

The Water that rennith from the x. fmaul Baibes gpit 
by a Dike into Avm by Weft bynethe the Bridge. 

The Water that goith from the KwgfsBstb tumith aMylle, 
and after goith into Avam above Btflir-Bridge. 

In al the 3. Bstbes a Man may evidently Te how the Water 
iburbelith up from the Springes. . 

Ther be withyn the walles of £4#£ • . • ParocheChircbia, 
of the which the tourrid Steple of theParoche Chirch at the 
North Gate femith to be auncient. 
^ % . _^ 

m Wmtti G. and fo alfo in the next line. ^ IHle St. & G« 
Litle B. ^ 0iiSofitt9FlscesSt. ) BathesB. • BublethJB* 






t towM^ % Mfbaiant. 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 39 

There is a Porochc Chirch and a Suburbe without the 
North-Gate. 

There is an Hofpital of S. Jithn hard by the Croffe Bstbe^ 
of the Fundation of Rmiuilde fiisfhop of Bathi. 

The Toun hath of a long tyme fyns bene continually moft Foi. 3!. 
mayntainid by making of Clothe, 

There were in homimm memma 3. Qothiers at one tyme, 
thus namid, Style^ Kemt and Chafman^ by whom the Toun ^ 
of Bath then floriihid. Syns the Death of thepi it hath fum- 
what decayed. 

It apperith in the Booke of the Antiquitees of the late 
Monafteiie of Bath that King Ofric in the Year of our Lord 
6j6. Theodore then beyng Arche-bisfhop of Cantwariyri^ did 
ered a Monafterie of Nunnes at Bath^ and Bertane was the 
firft Abbatiffe thcrof. 

It apperith by a Chaite that one Ethelmod^ a great Man, 

fave, by the Leave of King JEdelrede^ in Tieoaore tharch- 
isihop of CantwaHfyr?$ tyme, Landes to one Berf^uid Ab- 
batiffe of B^r^^ znd to one MFouhhfTc. 

The Book of thantiquite of the Abbay of Bath makith 
no great mention of any great notable Doyng of Offa King 
of the Merches^t Bathe. 

The Prior of Bath told me, that after the Nunnes Tyme 
tber wer Secular Chanons in S. Fetet^s Chirch ztBath. para- 
venture Cffa King of Merches fet them ther. For I nave 
redde that Offa did a notable Ad at S. Fitet's in Bath. Or 
els the Chanons cam yn after that the Danes had racid the 
Nunry there. 

Eaagar was a great Doer and Benefa&or to S. Teter^s at 
Bath^ in whos tyme Monkes were yn Batbe^ and fins; ex- 
cept Amarus Erl of Merch^ that was % fcurge of Monkes, ex- 
peilid tnem for a tyme. 

John a Phifitian^ bom at Tours yn France^ and made Bif- 
Ihop of Welles^ did obteinc of Hemy the firft to fette his Se 
at Batb'y and k> he had the Abbay Landes given onto hynu 
and then he made a Monk Prior ther, devidingthe old Pof- 
ieflions of the Monaftcry with hym* 

This 'fohn puUid doun the old Chirch of S. Feter at Batb^ 
and ere&id a new, much fairer, and was buried in the midle M. j^; 
of the Presbyteri thereof, whos Imajge I faw lying there an 
9. Yefe&is, at the whidi tyme al the Chirch that he made 
Uj to waft, and was oorond, and wedes grew about this 
John ofTburs Sepulchre. 



« B9tMim€ St. tmUhtf G. Fouldiour B. 

^ This 



40 LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

This John of Tours ereAid a Palace at Both in the SOOth 
Weft fide of the Monafteri of S. Fetet^s at B4itb. one grct 
I fquare Tour of it with other Ruines yet appere. 

I favv at the fame tyme a fair great Marble Tumbe thcr 
« of a Bisfliops of Bath^. out of the wich they fiiyid that oylc 
did diftille: and likely^ tor hisBody was /8 ibaumid plentifiilly. 

There were y other divers Bisfliops buried ther, 

Oliver K'tvg Bisfliop of Bath began of late dayes a rigjit 

rodly new Chirch at the Weft Part of the ola Chirch of 
Peter ^ and finifhid a great Peace of it. The refidue of it 
was fyns made by the Priors of ^ Bathe: and efpedaUy by 
Gihhes the iaft Prior thcr, that fpent a great fummc of Mony 
on that Fabrike. 

Oliver King let aimoft ^ al the old Chirch of S. P^ep^s in 
Bath to go to ruine. The walles yet ftande. 

King Eadgar was crounid with much joy and honor atS. 
Peter* s in Bath ; wherapon he bare a gret Zeale ta the 
Towne,and gave very greatFraunchefes and4Privilge8 ontoit. 

In knowlege wherot they pray in al their Ceremonie& for 
the Soule of King Eadgar. 

And at Whitfunday<ydc^ at the which tyme men (ay that 
Sadgar there was crounid, ther is a Kine elei&id at Ba$b 
cvenr Yere of the Tounes men in the joyfulle remembraance 
of IsmgEdgar and the Privileges gyven to the Toun by 
hym. This King is feftid and his Adnerentes by the richdl 
Menne of the Toun. 
rof. 40. From Bath to Palton al by hilly Ground but plentUm of 
Come and Graffe an eight Miles. 

From Palton to Chuton by like Ground t about a i. Miles* 

There is a goodly new high tourrid Steple at ChuUm* 

From Chuton to WeUes by hilly Ground but leffc fiutefiil 
partely in Mendefe about a 5^. Miles. 

The Toune of WeUes is fette yn the Rootes of Mamdefi 
Hille in a ftony foile and fill of fprinees, wherof it hath 
the name. The chefeft Sprins is c^mVM Andres Welles^ and 
rifith in a Medow Plot not Ht above the Eft End of the 
Cathedrale Chirch, firft renning fiat Weft and entering into 
Cofcumi Water fumwhat by South. 



« of a Bitjhop G. Of a Bifhop, oiit of the which B. ^ Iom^ 
mid] L. enBaumid. y divers other G. i al tbevMe Cbireb 
G. t aiova%.miles.G. 



I Uptix. % enbaumid. 3 BiA. 4 Prlvimtk 

TThc 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 41 

The Toune of Welles is large. I efteme it to lak litle of a 
a. Miles in cumpace, al for the moft part buildid of Stone. 
The Streates have ftreamelcttes of Springes almoft yn every 
one renning, and occupiytb making of Cloth. Mawdelyne 
was a late a great Clothiar ynWettys^ and fo is now hisSunne* 

The chifeft of the. Toun lyith by Eft and Weft, and fum' 
parte caft out with a ftreat by Soutn, in the out part wherof 
was a Chapelle, as fum fay, of Thomas Beket. 

Ther is but one Paroch Chirch in Welles^ but that is large, 
and ftandith in the Weft Part of the Toun : and is dedicate 
toS^LinStCutMerte. 

There is an Hofpitale of 14. poore Menne and Wymen 
at the Nonh fide of S. ' Cuthiertes Chirch. there is a Can- 
tuary Prefte. 

Tne Hofpitale and the Chapelle is buildid al in lenghth 
under one Koofe from Weft to Eft. Nicolas Budwith Bisinop 
of Bath was Founder of this« and brought it almoft to the 
perfeftion, and that that laktid was completid by one John 
Starthwayt^ one of the Executorsof the Teftament of Buimtb. 

There was an other Hofpitale ofS.yohn yn the Town, 
ftonding hard on the Ripe by South ofS. Andreas Streme. 
This Hofpitale was foundid iiby and Hughe Bisfliops. 

Clerk Bisfhop of Bath had a late this Houfe gy ven to hym 
by the King for the Lordihip of Dogmeresfeld. 

There is a Condufl: in the Market Place derivid from the FoU^i; 
Bisfhopes Condud by the Licens of tiomas Bekingtan Bif- 
fliop fumtyme of Bath^ for the which the Burgefes ons a yere 
folemply vifite his Tumbe, and pray for hys lowle. 

There be xij. right exceding ^r Houfes al uniforme of 
Stone high and fair windoid in the North fide of the Mar- 
ket Place, joining hard to the North Weft part of the BiA 
fliop's Paface. This cumly Peace of Work was made by Bi£- 
fliop Bekinfton^ that myndid. yf he had Ivvid lengger, to 
have buildid otner xij. on the South fide of the Market fteede. 
the which Work if he had compliihid it had bene a /Sfpedable 
to al Market Places in the Weft Cuntery • 

Wylljam KnsHt^ now Bis(hop of Bathy buildith a CroflTe Tlifi work 
in the Market Place, a right fumptuus Peace of Worke: in J^PJ*** 
the Extreme Circumference wherof be vij. fiadre Pillers. and aeiTf^ 
in another Circumference withyn them be vj. Pillers and 5^ %^, 

' >««», Dean* 

— " ~ of muu. 

^ (y&m Hughe BjJbofeSt. ' $ fpeSaeh St. & G. 



I Cotl^crcef . 
Vol. a. F :5a 



4% LELANiys ITINERARY. 

Kthe midle of this Circumfere&ce one Filler. aI thtft fliaul 
re a Volte : and over the Volt« fliaul be D^mur CMim. 

The Area afore the Bisfhop's Palace Ijritb Eft of the Min- 
ket ftede, and hath a fair high Waul toward the Markec ftede, 
and a right goodly Gate HouTe jrn it^ made of late by Bi^op 
Beklw^tun^ as it apperitb bv his Afmes. On the South £de 
of this Area is the Bislhop s Palace dichid brodely aad wa« 
terid about by the Water of S. Andres Streame let into it. 
ThisPalaceys ftrongely waullidand lembatelidCaflellft Ivike. 
and hath in the firft Front a godly Gate Houie ym the cnidle, 
and at eche ende of the Front a round ToWr, ifid t. Odier 
rtnind Towers be ^ lykelihod yn the Southfide of the Pftltce. 
and then is ther one at every Corner. The Haul of the Pa^ 
lace ys exceding fayre. The Refidew of the Houft il latM 
ind &ir. Many Bislhops hath bene the Mi^m of it, as it 
is now. 

The Chanons of Vf^tttts had there Houfes tSott the Tnmfl 
lation of the Se to Batb^ wher now the Bisfhop'a Palace is, 
John of Tatfts firft Bislhop of Bath nut them Oltt. tiXA ftey 
fyns hath buildid them a xij. very (aire Houfes, bartely on 
tw North fide of the Cimitcry <rf the Cathedraie Church, 
partelv without. Bisfliop Bekh^on buildid the Gate Houfe at 
the wefb Ende of the Cemitene. 

m The Decancs Place is on the Northe fide of the Qmittiy. 

Ther is at the Eft Ende of the Cimitery t Volt and a 
Gate, and a Galcry over made by Bekmgtm. 
Fol.4». Froni fPklles to QhffMjri about a y. Milea from Notth 
to South Weft, 
s. sAniru Pyf ft yn the Toune over S. jMns Water i§bjf S» Jobift^ 
*~k». aboute a Quarter of |L Mile out rf Wetes Ipaffid Oiret t lide 
Broket, anArme of S. Andres Water or VPm^ Water : And 
ther as 1 naffid over it I faw hard on the lifte Hand a Stott 
Bridge of one Atche. This Arme fliortly after joyftidi m 
the Medowes with the twincipal Part otJPittis Wtter. 

And about half a Mile bevond tiiis Bridg I Daffid over 
another Brook cauUid Cofcttme Water a bigger ftrexAe iktik 
W^lfer Water. 



m The Arebdacons Flsce St. fi iy S. JohnV Hrffitall. G. 



I cmbitekU i fykdyhod. 

Ilemid 



LEL/IND'S ITINERARY. 43 

I lernid there. That WeUes Water 
metith with Cojcumbe Water on the C(ij/lci^»^^BrokerifithaMile 
right Hond not far from the Caiifey, ^bove Sh^on. then to iAf- 
and fo go yn pne Botom to the Mere, f*^, then to Ctfiumi a Mile. 

There is a CaftelW on an Hille in Then to Dultmgcote Bridge a 
this Medow about Oyi*w^ Water, ^. 3. Miles. Tlien about a Mile 
jus rutme adhuc apparent^ commujiejy Mm. to the Bridget yn the way 
caullid Fenne-Cafiel. betqixt mtla and Gleffeniyrt. 

Then a Mile or more of I cam to 
a praty ftreame of Water that at the Stone Bridge that I^J!^* 
paffid over cam doun by the lifte Hand: and hard above ^**''' 
the Bridge of one Stone Arche brake ynto %, Partes, a^d 
therby I paffid over %. Utle Stone Bridgges. 

Then about half a Mile farther I cam to a few Houfes, 
and fo enterid into a very great plaync Medow of a 5. or 7. 
Miles about in Cumpace by Eftim^tion, and fo paijid about 
a Mile farther by a Caufey onto Hartelake » Bridge of one 
Arche of Stone. 

As much of this playne Medow or More as 1§ Wefte of 
this Caufey cispomtem de Hetthk is caullid Cranelmare. 

That Part that lyitb by Eft of it, is caullid Se^emore. 

The Water oiSowey cummith thorough this Bridge c^Stone, 
and rifith in the Rootes of Mendepe-Hille by Eft at Doultmg 
Village o wte of a Welle bering thie Name ot S. jildelm. 

A Mile by Eft or ever this Streame cum to HarteliJk^xiAg 
ther is an Arme caft out 1^ force out of Swey Water, and 
a Marfch Walle made by Mennvs Policy betwixt this Arme 
forcid out tnd the principale Streame of Savey^ and this 
Waullc continuith to Hariel^t Bridge, «and Mile Jpwer : and 
then booth go foone after into the Mere, if this Marfch 
Waulle w^e not kept, aad the iScahales of eche partes of f«t 4?* 
Sitmy River kept from Abundance of Wedes, al the plainc 
Marfch Grouna at fodaine Rayoes wold be overflowepy imd 
the profite of the Meade loft. 

From Harhley Bridg I p^ifid by a litjc Bridge over the 
Arm^ofSawey. 

As nuich ot this More or Medpw Ground that lyith beyoad 



m0fulamflela9irSic.ScG. fi fotfoUi in G* k^ coMtf in 
St. Sic in Autografbo. vocem hanf mfp B. Forfim fififi Jl^• 
iet canales. 



Hsfit-' 



44 ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Hartelaie Bridge by Weft South Weft is caullid GUffinSyrt^ 
More. 

From Harttaie Brldg I paffid by a low about a Quarter of 
a Mile: and then I confcendid by a litle and a litle to Hill^ 
Ground a hole Miles lyding, and fo cnterid into GUffenijn. 

The chief ftrcate and longgeft of the Towne of Gkjjhikri 
lyith by Eft and.Wefte. and at the Market Crofle ia the 
Weft Ende there is a ftreate by flat South and almoft Northe. 

There is a Market kept in GUJfenhyry every Weke on the 
tvenjday, 

Ther be %. Paroche Chirchis yn Glejfenhjri. S. JobnB^ftiJte 
on the North fide of the prindpil Streat of the Toune. 
This is a vary fair and lightliim Cnirch: and the Eft Part of 
it is very elegant and iflea. 

The Body of the Chirch hath .... Arches on eche fide. 
The Quier hath 3. Arches on eche fide. 

TheQuadrate Tour for Belles at the Weft End of the 
Chirch is very high and fair. 

Ther lyith on the North fide of the Qjjicr one Kctmri 
Atvell that died circa annum D. 1472. This Atwelle did 
much coft in this Chirch, and gave fair Houfing that he had 
buildid in the Toune onto it. isin Latten called md fon» 
tem\ ^ 

Johanna Wife to Atwelle lyith buried in a lyke marble 
Tumbe on the South fide of the Quier. 

Ther lyith one Camel a Gentilman in a fair Tumbe in the 
South part of the Tranfept of the Chirch. 
Fol- 44- Brmetun River cummith from Brmetun x. Miles of to the 
Weft Part of the Toun of Gleffenbyrs^ and fo rennith to the 
Mere a 2. Miles lower. 

Or ever this River cum to Gleffentyri by a Mile it cummith 
•»/ fm- to a Bridge of Stone of a 4. Arches communely caullid Font" 
i/«/iw. perluf^ wher men fable that Arture caft in his Swerd. 

The River brekith at this Bridge ynto 2. Partes, whcrof 
the principalle goith toGleffenhyri. 

Tne other goith thorouglow Morifch Grounde,and metith 
again with the principal Itreame or ever that it goith into 
the Mere. 

The Mere is as at high Waters in Winter a 4. Miles in 
Cumpace, and when it is left a 2. Miles and an half, and 
moft communely 3. Miles. 

«i Voctt ifia^ quas pemtus omifit B. in Autografho legnntnr^ 
fed adjecit manus pautto recentiar: ut nempe quid Atwelle iif^ns 
Latina denotat mdicaret. 

This 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. 4? 

This Lak or Mere is a good Mile yn lenght : and at the 
Ende of it toward Weft it cummith again in alveum, and go- 
ing about a Mile it brekith ynto i. Armes, whereof the one 
goith to Hsghe-Bridge^ the other to Ro9kes-Briige^ and fo the 
Armes goith a fundre to the by Crekes. 

From Wellys by South to Doultingcote Bridge of Stone, 
under the whiche Cofcumhe Water rennith about a Mile al by 
very ille rokky way. 

Thens I paflid about a Mile more by lyke Ground, and 
this far I faw fum ftore of Elme wood. 

Thens up onto playne open Downes bv a ftony foile a 3. 
good Miles, and tnen a Myle by low Pafture Ground onto 
« « Everchirch'^I'^i\^gt^ wher Clerk laft Bisfhop of Bathe had a 
Maner Place, /Sin whos tyme it was * a minus Thing, clene in 
a maner taken doun. 

Thens to Golafre Bridge of Stone, under the wich rennith 
a Broke rifing a 3. Miles of by North Eft, and about a Mile Fol,4r. 
lower goith ynto Br/»f-Ryver. The very Place of the Ceu" 
fluentta is a 2. Miles byneth Bruton. 

Milton Village a litle above Golafre Bridge, wherof the 
Water at G^At/r^-Bridge of fum is caullid Myltan-W^tcr. 
There is about this Bridge and Mlton meately plenty of , 
Wood. 

From Mlton to Briwetun about a Mile dim. 

Brlwetun as I cam from North Weft into it by South lyith 
al a this fide Brywe Ryver. There is a ftreat yn it from 
North to South, and another far fairer then that from Eft 
to Weft. 

The Toun is now much occupied with making of Clothe, 

The Paroche Chirch and thabbay by it ftande beyond the 
Ryver. hard over the £ft Bridge in Bruton. This Bridge is of 
3. ArchysofStone, 

Ther is in the Market Place of the Toun a new Croffe of 
6. Arches, and a piller yn the midle for Market folkes to 
ftande yn, begon and brought up to fornix by Ely ylafte Ab- 
bate of Brutun. The Abbay ther was afore the Conquefte 
a Place of Monkes foundid by Algarus^ Erie of Comeval. 
Moion fet Chanons there fins the Conqueft, and divers of the 
Moions were buried there. One WyUiam Gilbert of late Tyme 

tt Leg. Everchrich. fi Le^. in whos tyme it vaSj ss a rmnus 
Things dene ice. y late for Jajle in G. 



I Zrtfckxkk* A aitrainuf. 

beyng 



45 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

beyng Prior of Bfutun went to Itome^ and there proeurid firil 
that the Name of the Priory of Brutun might be chaitngid 

J'nto an Abbay. This GiUurt beyng Abbace did great Cw 
n the « Abbay /I Brutun in Building, almofte i reeouyiiig it. 

The Toun of Brmrt&m to the Marquet CrodTe ftaHdith 
yn SilvoJ. 

And To doth the Abbay on the other Ripe of the Ryver. 

The Ryver of Briwe rifith in Selwod at a place caullid 
BrrmhMm a %. Miles by y • • . . . from Bruttm. 

About this Quarter whcr Briw rifith, that it to (ay witfaya 
ft a. or J. Milestder about, rifith Stour and Wlfugb. 

The JUifTtf a Market Toun is about an eight Milya from 
Brmefum, 

Goyng out of the Toun of Brlwitun I paflid over a Steae 
Bridge of ?. Arches at the Weft South Weft end of the 
Toun, and ther cam a Broket from Northeft ynto Brim. 

There is, as I hard, a Bridge of Stone on Brkm^ a f . Milei 
lower then Briwtun cauUid Lideforde^ and a a. Mil^a lower 
Fonteperllus. 

Cafielle Cary %. Miles from Briweton. 
Fol. 46. I jpode from the Bridg up a Stony Hille to a very fair and 
fruteful Champain, and fo paflid forth a v. Miles by litle 
Woode. at the 4, Miles ende of this way I pafiSd over a 
Broke by a Stone Bridge, and fo cam ftray t to Ntrtb^'OuUjri 
a Village, and about a Mile farther to Soutk-Cadiyrs^ and ther 
a litle beyond be great Creftes of Hylles* 

This Water ofcmdiyri rifith from a Heddes. Firft or I 
cam to Cadbyrl by half a Mile or ther about I paKfid over a 
Broket that rifith in Mr. Fhzjames Park at ...••. out of 
a Ponde. and goith into or metith with Cadtjri water about 
half a Mile lower then the Bridge that was paffid over to 
Cadlyry. 

The other rifith a ;• Milys above Nartt-Cadfyri by Nordi 
Eft. Cadtyri Water goith from Nfth^Mdtyrt to a Bridge a 
Mile Weft from Sffutb-CaMyri. having then with hym in one 
botom the other Streame. and about a v. Miles lower wick- 
yn a Quarter of a Mile to Jlebefire it metith with Jvel Ryver. 

At tSe very South Ende of the Chirch of ScMtb-^duUfi 

*— — — — ii— ' ■■ " ' ' 1 1 ■ 

s Attay of Bruton G. fi Lege of Bruton. v fy Nmik 
yrM* Brutun St. 



I reediByng. 

ftand* 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 47 

ftattditliC*«M«ifr, fuititymea ftmofcToun orCaftelle, tpoii fj^^ 
a very Torre or Hille, wimderfiilly cnftrengthcnid of nature. ^niBat 
to the which be i. Entermges up by very if ftepe way: one by lingua sn'- 
North Eft, and another by South Weft, * 

The very Roore of the Hille wheron this Fofteres ftode 
is more then a Mile in Cumpace. 

In the upper Parte of the /sCoppe of the HiUe be 4. 
Dichet or Treaches, atkd a balky WauUe of Yerth betwixt 
every one of them. In the very Toppe of the HUle above 
al the Trenchis is magmt area or tsmpus of a %o. Acrei or 
more by Eftimation, wher yn dyverie Pkces men may fe 
Fuadations and rud9r4 of Walles. There was much dusky 
blewftonethatPec^ie of the Villages therby hath caryid away* 

This Top withyn the upper Wiulle is xx. Acres ct Ground 
and more, and hath bene i^en plowid and borne very 
good Come. 

Much Oold^ Sylver ttnd Coper of the Romsine Coynes 
hath be found ther yn plowing: and lykewife in the Feldef 



in the Rootes of this rlille^ wich many other antique Thinges 
and y efpecial by EBx. Ther was found m hmtmrn memaris 
a Horfe Shoe ol: Sylver 4t CamtUUte. FoK 47; 

The Peo{de can telle nothing ther but that diejr have haixl 
fay that Arntr^ much refortid to CmtsUu 

The old Lord Hitngreford was owner of this Cmmmttgi. 
Now Haffinges the Erie of Runtendune by his Mothen 

Diverle villages there about here the Nume of Camalat 
by an Addition^ as < ^^*Cmi$0ht^ and Mother. 

The Hylle and the Diches kepe well now viij. Shepe. 

Al the Ground by South Weft, and Weft of Camalat lyith 
in a Vale, fo that one or i. wayes it may be fene far af# 

From Csmsllst to Sbirlmme a 3* Miles al by champayne 
but fruteful Grounds 

Mr. Qilhrt a Oentilman hath a poore Manfion Place by 
South Eft of the very Rottes of CmmMat. 

The Town of £k*;iMns# ftondith & partely on the Brow of an Shir^nm 
Hille, pHrtely in a Botom* 1 1 efteme it to lak litle of a i. caoUid in 

fum old 

■ •■ Evidences 

m fieff »#y#x G. 1^ Sic im Autograpbo. Toppe in B. y e/.''^^'/*"'* 
^rcW/jf St. & G. I others G. • I efteeme it to tak litle o/s %. 
miles us CumPaceJ] y. Ed. 6. The CotnpzCs of Sbertome is 
nere four miles, and theProceffion Grownd about i;. miles. 
The Town is above a mile long every way* Uotam banc i 

•'^^ — ^'^ *>...— — ^— ^ -r , , 

• Qon^-CHMUat. a Ptrtlv. 

Milea 



48 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Miles in Cumpace. it ftondith parcely by miking of Qodie^ 
but moil by at maner of Craftes : and for m dry Tcuq or 
other, faving Pole that is a litle «thinlc, I take it to be die 
beft Toun at this prefent Tyme yn D^fetjhir. 

The Bislhops ot Sarum Sece was a long tyme at SUrhm. 

Syns Menkes were fet ther for Chanons. 

The Body of the Abbay Chirch dedicate to our Lidj 
fervid ontille a hunderith Veres fyns for the chife Ptroche 
Chirch of the Town. 

This was the Caufe of the Abolition of the Parocfa Chirch 
there. The Monkes and theTounes-Men felle at Tariaiincey 
bycaufe the Tounes-Men tooke privilege to ufe the Sicn- 
ment of > Baptifme in the Chapeue of Al-Hahm^s. Wher- 
apon one Walter Gallor^ a ftoute Bocher, dwelling yn 5Sf^ 
iitm^ defacid clene the a^Font-ftone, and after the variiuoce 
growing to a playne fedition, and the Townes^Menne by the 
, • ^Mene of an Erie of HuTftendune^ lying yn thofe Quarters 
^^ and taking the Townes-Mennes Pan, and the Bislhop of &k 
reshri the Monkes Part, a Prefte of iAl-Hml9»$s fhot aShaft 
with fier into the Toppe of that Part of S. y Mmrye Chirch 
that devidid the Eft Part that the Monkes ufid l^from die 
Townes-Men ufid : and this Partition chauncing at that 
tyme to be thakkid yn the Rofe was fette a fier, and con- 
(equently al the hole t Chirch, the Lede and Belles meldd, 
was defacid. 

ThenBfi^^^/'ri Abbate of Shhrhtm (perfecutid this Injurie: 
and the Tounes-Menne were forcid to contribute to dw 
Reedifiyng of this Chirch. 

But after thys tyme Al-Utdtmes Chirch and not S. Mtr/es 
was ufid for the Paroche Chirch. 

Al the Eft Parte of S.Mary Chirch was reedified yn Abbate 
Bardefordes tyme. faving a Chapeile of our Lady an old 
Peace of Work tnat the Fier came not to, by reafon that 
it was of an older Building. 

There were of auncient tyme buried %. Kineety Suiines 
to Ethelwolfhe King of Wefi-SaxonSj yn a Place behynd the 



u thmg G. Lege thing. ^ meanes St. & G. y Maryes St. & G. 
t from that the G* Lege cum B. from that the. t Church (the 
Leads and Betts melting was defaced G. X p'ofrcittfd St & G. 
Profecuted B. 



I Btpcimc. % Fonce-ibiie. 5 al-faairbis. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 49 

High Altare of S^Marh Chirch ; but ther now be no Tumbcs 
nor no Writing of them feene. 

A Noble mkn caullid Philip Fitz Payne was buryed and 
his Wife with hym under an Arch on the North fide of the 
Presbyterie. This Tumbe was of late defacid. 

Peter Ramefuime next Abbate faving one to Bradeford 
buildid afundamentis al the Weft Part of S. Marie Chirch. 

The Porche of the South fide of the Body of S. Marf 
Chirch ys an antique Peace of Work, and was not defacid 
with Fier. bycaufe it ftoode with a far lower Rofe then the 
Body of the Chirch did. 

The Cloyfter of thabbay on the North fide of the Chirch 
was buildid by one Abbate Frithe. This Abbate was not 
very long afore Bradefordes Tyme. 

Myer the laft Abbate oi Shirbum faving one made the 
fair Caftel over the Conduit in the Cloifter and the Spoutes 
of it. 

The Hedde of this Water is in a Peace of the Toune, and 
is caullid New Welle. 

The Chapitre Houfe is ancient, and yn the Volte of it be 
payntid the Images of Bisfhops that had their Sete at Shirhurn. 

One S, 'John a Noble Man lyith yn the Chapitre Houfe. F0I.49; 

Ramefunne Abbate fette a Chapelle caullid our Lady of Bovr 
hard to the » South fide of the old Lady Chapelle. 

Ther is an old Arch of a Gate at the Eft South Eft Ende 
of S.Mary Chirch, as a token that of old Tyme the Clofe 
of Chanons or Monkes was enwallid about. 

Ther was of old Tyme a Paroche Chirch titulo S. Erne- 
rentiana now faullen clene downe. It ftode in the North Emeren- 
lide of the Toun wher now is a Clofe. liana. 

There was a Chapelle of S. Michael yn the Toun now 
clene doun. 

Ther was a Chapelle of Thomas Bekket on the Grene in 
Shir hum. it ftondith but incelebratid. 

There was an Heremitage of S. John by the My lie, now 
down. 

Ther was an Hofpital begon by devotion of good People 
yn Shirburn a?^. 4. Henrici 6. and the King fs taken for Founder 
of it. It ftondith yet. 

Ther is a Chapelle in S. Marse Chirch Yard, one Dogget 
a Chanon of Sarestyri made it of late dayes. 

The Bislhop of Sareshyri is Lord of the Town of Shir hurne. 



I Southe. 
Vol. 2. G Shir- 



JO LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Shhrlum ftondith on the Norchlide of the Broke tfaatcifln- 
mith by it. 

The Caftelle of Shlrhume is in the Eft End of the Toua 
apon a Rokky Hillet. it hath by Weft North Weft, and by 
Eft South Eft, Morifch Grounde. 

Begems le Poure^ Bisfliop of Sarestyri in Henry the fifrft 
Tyme, nbuildid this Caftelle^ and caft a ^eat Dike wifboot 
it, and made a falfe Mure without the Dike. 



m buildii this CaJieUe^ But there had been a Caftle long 
before this time at Sh'trburne^ a$ I gather from a very old 
book of Charters made by divers Kings and other Uluftrioas 
Perfonages to Shirbume Abbev. I fuppofe therefore that JU- 
get Poure built his Caftle on tne fame Ground, on which the 
former Caftle had been erected, and perhaps there were at 
that time abundance of Ruins remoimng ot the old Caftle, 
which might be made ufe of upon this occafion. As for the 
faid Book of Charters, it is a very valuable MS. and it docs 
not feem to me to have been ever feen, at ieaft not made 
ufe of, either by Mr. Leland^ Mr. Doafworthy Sir IFiilsm 
DugJaUj or by any of our eminent Antiquaries that have 
written of our Religious Houfes. From this Book it is mani- 
feft that tho' Roger Pourey Bifliop of Sarumy was a great Bene- 
factor to the Abbey, yet that it had been built long before by 
IV/fin Bifhop o^ Shsrhum^ namely in the Year 998., at whicn 
time King Mtbelred gave him leave to change the Se^rukr 
Canons here into Benediffine Monks, which accordingly he 
forthwith did, and built another Monaftery, which was after- 
wards inriched with a very confiderable quantity oiF Lands, 
all which were confirmed by Pope Eugene the III. in the 
Year 1145. being the Xlf^.Ye^r of King Stephen^ s Reigiu 
The faid Bifliop mjin is call'd Wtlffmus by Malmsburj *, W^^ 
fius by Leland f, and Wulfpnus by Godwin +, and others; ixit 
in this Godwin is to be corredted that he makes him to have 
dyed in the Year 95-8. whereas it is very probable that he did 
not enter upon his Biflioprick'till fome Years after that time, 
fince, according to this Charter^ he muft have been living 
in the Year 998. 'Twould be a good piece of Service to 
Learning to have all the Charters of this venerable old MS. 
(which belongs to a very skillful Antiquary, and was procured 
for my ufe by a very worthy and learned Friend, to whom 
I am alfo highly indebted upon other Accounts) printed and 
publifli'd; but tnis is anUndertaking not agreeable to mypre- 

Fonc. Angl. p. %^%, f Coll. T. I. p. 39;. 4: Dc PneliiL p.jSd. 

icnt 




LELAND'S ITINERARY. ?t 



fentDefign, nor confifteht with the Limits allow'd me. For 
which reafon 'twill be fufficient to give only the firft two 
Charters, ( one of which is King JEtheke^s and the other 
Bifliop IV/Jin's) and the laft, (which contains Pope Eugene's 
Confirmation, and mentions the Lands that had been granted 
before) adding withal an Exftradt out of Domefday Book 
(for fo I take it to be, tho' it be not fpecify'd as fuch) which 
1 have alfo found in the faid MS. and is v/ritten in the fame 
Hand with the Charters themfelves. 

[Charta iEthelredi regis, qua licentiam concedit epifcopp 
Wlfino ordinandi & inftituendi monachos Benedidinos 
in coenobio Scireburnenfis ecclefise : qua etiam coenobii , 
rus annotavit.] 

j^nno ah + incarnatlonis domlntca d C c C c. nGvageJmo offavOy 
e^o JEthelredus^ Utius Alh'tonts del gubernante moderamsne ba^ 
fleus^ fuadente archtefifcopo MlfrUo cum confdto meorum epif- 
coforum ae frinctpum^ feu nobillum^ mkhlque fidelium afli[ten-^ 
tium^ annus efifcopo Wlfino ordinare monachica: converjationii 
normam^ caftamcjue vttam ^ deo amabilem fecundum infistu^ 
tionem JanSfi fatris Benedict in canobio Scireburnenfs ecclefia^ 
ea rat tone videlicet ut quifijuis fuccejfor el advenerlt^ five fiusfive 
crudelify non habeat facultatem male traSare res monachorum^ 
Jit f aft or non tirannus^ gubernet ad fratrum utilitatem fecundum 
faftoralemauBoritatem^ non ad luplnam rafacltatem^ fajcat fuos 
&fefequentes^ habeat ipfe folus viBum Inter fratres^ ficutprl- 
ftum eft: principem populorum te conftitui. efto in lUis quafi 
unus ex lUis. Itegat Ipfe juxta anlmarum & corporum utllt^ 
fat em fubftantiam monafieril^ it a duntaxat ut fratrum confillo 
non fit ignotum qulcquia agatur, Et fi forte ^ quod abfit^ eve^ 
nerlt ut paftor O' gT^^ * difcordantur^ fttnper ad examen ar^ 
chiepifcopi refervetur^ ^ ipfe regi Intlmet ut jufta correBlo fe* 
quatur, Et quia mos mlnlme apud nos confentlt ut In epifcopall 
Jede abbas conftltuatur^ fiat iffe eplfcopus els abbas p* pater^ 
^ ipfifi^ff^s obedient es el fint pcutl filll ^ monachi cum ca-- 
fiitate ^ humilitate ^ fubjeB't one fecundum difciplinam almi 
patris noftri BenediBi^ ut una br avium sterna corona accipere 
mereantur. Et quoniam, ficut alt apoftolvs^ nos fumus in 
quos fines feculorum devenerunt, ^ multlplicato jam genere 
bumanOj adeo ut perplures f^r/ Inopla ruris non habentes 

X F. incamatiwe dominic4» * Malini| difi^rdtntur, f Sic in MS. An grs* 

G % M 



yi LELAND'S ITINERARY. 



Mti vel Mrando^ vel foisendo^ agriculfuram exercemtes vsBm 
adifsfcantuf^ Infuper ^ crejcente fhiUtrgiria non nullonm i* 
quifque rafiat jlhi quod potuerit^ optimum drnxerunt prions jw- 
jiri ut omnss Its termmtbus certls adnulletur^ idoofue terrhorU 
caufa Concordia affuefcere nuper titter mundamos eoepere^ ut fir- 
tiouem qui/^uo propria telluris Mere * exc0let, Quanm ep 
txempla imttatus rus pradiBi canohii hac cartula mmmotari cew- 
feo. Hoc efl in ipfa Scireburna centum agelli im loco fui M&ttr 
Stoclandj C^ pradium monafierii ficut IVlfmus efifcopus ftffs 
ffepibufque girare curavit ; aeinde novem cajfatos m loco f» 
ah incotis Holancumi nuncupatur. item in Haigamfiokt Zy. « 
Itofford VII. inBradanford x. in Wonkurnav. infPeftimyill* 
in Stapulbreicge xx. in Wulfheardigjioke x. in Cufm^um Vlli. 
in Ofanttoke ii. ^ majfam unam juxta ripam maris mua did' 
tur JEtiim. Et quicqu/d deus his auxerit ex donis fidetium ciih 
tinua fecuritate CT jugi libertate poffideant fratres ini^i degewtes^ 
tribus exceptisy qua omnibus communicata funt^ fiilicet expeH- 
tioney pontis arcifve refiauratione. tamen nuUi debitcres fat f» 
rogi conftruBione^ eo quod monafterium hoc opus indigere 



mus. Si forte^ quod aipt^ banc nofiram donatsanem fuj/pimu 
annuUare temptaverit^ S* ^^ libltus proprios defleBere^ Jaat fe 
aquijpmo judici rationem reddtturum^ ciangente tuba arcbangeli 
extreme examine^ ubl omnis aquitas & ]ufiitia Chrifio jndicMti 
cunBis mantfefiabitur. Ego JEthelredus rex Anglorum bat 
libertatem concedo fa.pediEto monafterio fub epifcopo quematrnqne 
elegerit femper regendo^ ^ fignaculo fanSa cruets >J< btmc 
munificentiam configno coram his teftibus. Ezo JElJriats archi- 
epifcopus hoc donum data michi benediBione wrmann^ JSgo Eal' 
dulf archiepifcopus libens favi atque conjenfi. Ego Wtfiams 
epifcopus hoc idem affirmavt^ Ego JElpheagus epifcopus conjinf^tm 
pr^bui. Ego U^jimus epifcopus hoc meum depderium ad ferfe 
Bum ufque perduxi. Ego JEifwinus epifcopus hilari mente cmt' 
cejji. Ego Mthelward dux gratanter corroboravi. Ego jEHHc 
dux conjentaneus fui. Ego Mlffige abbas. Ego Wtfgan abias* 
Ego Leofric abbas. Ego Godwtne abbas. Ego JEthelmar mt' 
ntfier. Ordulfminlfler, Wulfget minifler. Brihtmar mimfier* 
Leowlne minifter. Brihtric minifler. Wiilfnoth msmfter. 
[ChartaWlfini epifcopipro conftitutione&ordmationc &• 
pienrum monachorum in matre ecclefiarum Sandl« Ma- 
rix Swireburnias,] 

I» nomine domlni. Ego Wftnus gratia dei epifcopus conftituo 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. « 

I ■ I ! ' 

C^ ordino Japtentes monachos in matre ecdeparum SanS^t Ma^ 
ri^. Scitebumia jujju & confiUo regis JStbelrediy & hortatm 
uE/frki archiprajulis & omnium epifcoporum^ & conjinfu prinr- 
fipum totius Angl'toi expuljis clerlcis. Trado etiam eis territoria 
.& pojfejjiones quas habuerunt ah initio qui fanSo loco defer-- 
vierunt ad gloriam & laudem deij & ad honorem & reve- 
rentiam antecejjorum & fuccejforum meorum^ & unum cajfatum 
in ipfa villa^ ^ omnem decimam epifcopii ejnfdem villa im 
cmmbus rebus ^ & decimum agrum tn tota viUa in decimam^ ^ 
Xxuii. carucarum oner a de filva per omnes annos. Statuo eis 
ad remed'tum anima mea & regum & pontificum ^ principum 
kjr ecclejtas & terras liberas a regals exaSione & k tributis in 
omni ctvltate & mercatu. Si quis kac permutare volfierit ex- 
commun'ico eum i regno dei. Data Lundonia IndiSione XI. 
prafente rege coram omni concilio. 

Confirmatio terrarum Mon. Scireb* 
Eugenius epifcopusfervus fervorum Dei^ dileSlis fiiis mona- 
<his [monaflerii San^a Maria Scireburnia tam praffentibus quam 
futuris regularem vitam profeffis in perpetuum. §lupniam fine 
vera: cultu religtonis nee karttatis unitas potefi fubpjiere^ nee de0 
gratum exhiberi fervltium^ expedit apoftoliae auBoritati reli- 
giofas perfonas diligere^ & earum quieti auxiltante domino pro- 
vider e. Ea propter di/e&i in domino filii vefiris jujiis pojiula- 
tionibus clementer annuimus^ & prafatum ieatat dei genitricis 
femperque virginis Maria monajlerium^ in quo divino mancipati 
ejits obfequloy fub beati Petri & nojtra prote^ione fufcipimus^ 
&" prafentis Jcripti privilegio communintuSy fiatueptes ut quay- 
cunque pojfejjiones^ quacunque bona in prajentiarum jujte c&* 
canonice pojtdetis^ aut in futurum conceffione pontificum^ libe- 
ralitate regum^ largitione principu^^ oblatione fidelium^ feu aliis 
jujiis modis pr a ft ante domino poteritis adipifci^ firma vobis ve-^ 
Jlrifque fuccejfaribus & iUibata permaneant. In quibus hac pro- 
priis duximus exprimenda vocabulis^ Monafterium ipfum beat a 
Maria cum poJfeJJionibuSy terris^ reddifibuSy libertafibus a regi- 
bus Anglia & eptfcopis Saresberia rationabiliter concej/lsy ^ 
aliis omnibus pertinentiis fuis. Ecclejiam de Stapelbrige cum de^ , 
cimisy & aliis pertinentiis fuis. Ecclejiam de Hortona cum ca- 
fellis de Cnoltuny & de Cbifelberiy cum pertinentiis fuis. Capel- 
lam de Woborn, Ecclejiam SanBa Maria Magdalena juxta ca~ 
Jlellum cum duabus capellis & appendiciis fuss. Ecclefam SanSi ^ 
jindrea in Scireburna cum omnibus pertinentiis fuis. Ecclefam ' 
de Br^deford cum capellis ^ aliis appenditiis fuis, Ecclejiam 
de Hagalftona cum omnibus appenditiis fuis. Ecclefam de 
Corlfcumba cum appenditiis Juis. Ecclefam de Stoca cum ca- 

peUa 



U LELANiyS ITINERARY. 



felU ^ omnitfus sffendiciis fuis. EccUpmm de Um am iffa- 
d'stiis fuis. Eccl^m de Fleete cum csfei/a (^ fertmewtiujmi. 
Ecclepam de Litleham cum appenditihjfkis. Eceleftrnm de Onrj' 
»eUa cum decimis & aliis fertmentiis fuis. EcctepMm de Ow* 
veli cum cafellss^ terrts^ decimis^ & aUss fertmentiss fuit. W- 
Um fu^ dlcitur Sfafelirigge. Wefiona^ cum ommi/kts fertmeiA 
fuis. Wohuma^ Temeford^ Bradeford^ Wica^ Htofcnm au 
emnibus fertinentiis fuis. Cumtona ^ fuferior Cumtans^ (f 
fofva Cumtena cum fertinewtiisjuis. Vrofefcbhrche ^ St§clniy 
cum filvis & fratiSj & cum duotus molendinis. Vscum f w ^ 
ante monafterlum Sanest Marine Scirehumiie uffue md ecclefm 
SanBi Andrest extenfus. Molendinum unvm juxtM nufffUffierum 
Tejhum. Decimam de Bradeford. Decimam ae Ficm. Dedmm 
de Wohutna. Tres domos cenfuales in vicis Scirehtrma iwm mISs 
domihus ad eafdem fertinentihus. Molendinum jaxta eccltfm 
SanBi Andrea. Domos vejiras cenfuales circa atrium meur- 
fierii cum fomeriis & affenditiis aliis. ViUam fUse diaW 
* Hortonam cum pertinentiis fuis. Chingefionam cum fertiaifh 
tiis fuis. Halgaflocam^ & Nitherefiocam^ & Curmduwam^ cm 
emnihus fertinentiis fuis, Corifcumam cum fertimentiis fuis. St$- 
cam Bromlegamj Laurecheftocam cum ommkus fertimesttus fms. 
Fleotam cum append/ciis fuis. Beram^ Setonam cum fmSms if 
aliis fertinentiis fuis. Pifcarias de Fleota^ & de Bera^ ^deSt" 
tona- Litleham cumfifcariis^ fratisy nemorihus ^ mUss a^i 



tiis fuis. CarfewtUam'cum fertinentiis fuis. Brom/egamcumai' 
jacentiisfuis. Lim cum fifcariis & aliis off endiciis fuis. Thm 
manfos in Milehurnia. Unum manfum in Ciuleceflria. Oman 
domos veftras cenfuales quas hahetis in hurgo Wartmrn cum fif- 
fella SamBi Andrea. Decimas de vinea qua efi juxta cafiel' 
/um. Decimas anguillarum de vivariis. Contra ommes ftfitm^ 
tates SanBa Maria fer integrum diem fifcattPnes ho vivariis 
Scirekumia. Fenum trium carrorum in Bera Sugulis asfms^ 
Unam carratam fern annuatim de domimo epifcops. Sefulturam 
fuo^ue ipfus Iocs liheram effe decemimus^ ut eorum^ ^i faUBc 
jepeliri deCieraverJnt ^ devotioni & extrema voiumtatSy mf 
forte excommunicati Jint^ nullus obffiat^ falva jufiitia matrias 
ecclefia. Oieunte vero ejufdem loct abbate^ vel fiorum fuolitit 
fuccejforum^ nullus Hi qualiiet fubrePtionis ajiutia feu violeutts 
pf^ponatur^ nip quern communi confenfu velfratrum pars con- 
Jilii fanioris fecundum dei timorem & beati BenediSfi regulam 
providerint eligendum. Decernimus ergo ^c. Dat. trans 
Tiberim per manum Roberti fanBa Romana ecclef^ presbitefi 

• F. «wrtw. 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. if 



\ tardinalis ^ canceUarli Non, Feh. IndsHlone in. Incamati^ 
I onis domin'jca anno mcxlv. fonttficatus vera domtni Evgenii 
I Tafa III. anno frimo, 

I [^£ Libro Magno cenfuali (utvidetur) vulgo 3DO0meiBf?3Daf .] 

(/ Epifcofus Saresheria tenet Sclrehurniam. 

{I Eaagitha regina tenuity ^ ante earn Alfmoldus efifcofusm 

l( Tempore regis Eadwardi geldavlt pro XLlli. hidis. Terra ef 

H XL VI. car. De kac terra tenet efijcofus xil. hidas^ & ihi habet 

I XXV. viUanos^ & xiiii. hordartos cumsiiu car. Ihi c. e^ xxx. 

^ acra prati . De quihus n i . acra funt in Sumerfate jitxta Myle^ 

I hurne, Fajiura i. leuva long. & I. lat. Silva ii. leuv. long. 

I c^ tantundem lat. De eadem terra hujus manerli tenet de 

] epifcopo OtMd im. hidas^ Smoth vero v. hidas ^ dimid. In^ 

i geUertus v. hidasy Waleran. ill. hidas^ Radulfus ill. hidaSm 

I « Uxor Hugoms Grip. 1 1 . hidas. In his XXll. hidis & dimid. Cun$ 

XXI. car. C^xxxiil. viBani^ & xv. hordariiy & X. ^otUe^ 

& nil. fervi. Ihi llll. molina reddunt xvill.jolidos & dimid. 

De eadem etiam terra tenent vi. Taini vill. hidas & dimid. ^ 

fhi hahentviii. car& llll. fervos^ &xviuv}llanoSy&xix. ior^ 

darios^ ^ ill. molina reddunt xxx. denarios. In hoc manerie 

Scirehurne prater fvpradi&am terram habet epifcopus in domini9 

XVI. carucutas terra. Hac terra nunquam per hidas fust di^^ 

vifa^ neque ^ geldatum. Ihi funt in domimo v. car. ^ xxvi. 

viUani^ ^ xxvi. iordarii^ ^ will, fervi cum xi. carucis. Hi 

molendinum reddit x, folidos. De hac quieta terra tenet Sinod 

de epifcopo i. c'arueatam terroi^ ^ Edwardus aliam. Ihi funt ir» 

caruca^ & ii.fervi^ ^ viii. hordarii. 

In hac eadem Scirehurne tenent monachi ejufdem epifcopi ix, 
carucatas terra ^ dimid.. qua nee per hidas divifa fuerunt^ 
nee umquam geldaverunt. Ihi funt in dominio in. carucata ^ 
dimid. & nil. fervi^ & X. viBani^ & X. hordarii cum v. ca-- 
rucis. c^ III. molina reddunt xxii. folidos^ -[ & & xx. acra 
prati. Silva i. leuva long.&lvil. quarentenis lat. De hac 
terra monachorum tenet I^imhertus de eis i. carucatam terra ^ 
^ ihi hahet I. carucam^ & molinum reddit v. folidos. ^upa 
hahet epifcopus in dominio in hoe manerio valet L« lihras, §upJ 
monachi vi. lihras & X. folidos. §lupd milites epifcopi XXV 1 1. 
lihras. S^^ Taini vi. lihras. Super hac tenet Sinod de epif-* 
copo I. maam in eadem viUa^ ^ ihi hahet i, carucam^ df ll. 
fervos^ ^11. hordarios. Valet Xll. folidos. Hanc hidam te^ 
nuit Alvardus de rege Edwardo. fed tamen prim fuerat dt 
epifcopatu, 

*$ic. fSit 

Idem 



^6 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Idem eftfiofas temetW o G BV KV E. ^T. R. B.geldsUtfn 
V* hldk^ Terra efi iiii. car. De eafun$ m d9m$m9 il. UdM^ it 
Hi I. car. & ii. firvi^ & vi. viUam^ & V. iardmriiy tarn ill. 
car. Jhi viu. acraf frats^ & iiii. acrse filva mmuUf. Fab 
IIII. litras. 

Idem epsfcofue tenet T OK VIE FOKD.T. R. E.geUaUty 
viu hidis. Terraeft vi. car. De ea funt in dominto ill. bida^ & 
Mfunt II. car. cum i. fervOj & vii. vtUani^ ^ viu hirJm^ 
cum IIII. car. Ui molinum reddit Xil. foL ^ vi. 4^<nb Hi 
XVI. acra Pratt. Silva x. quarent. long* & im fa^renf. ha* 
VaUtc.fot. 

Idem epifcofui tenet B R A D E F o R D. T. JR. £. geldaiat fn 
X. hidis. Terra eft x. car. De ea efi in domimo !• bida^ & 
dimid. & Hi ill. car. & VII. ferv't^ & viii. viUsMtj & vtL 
hrd. cum viu. car. Ibi molinum reddit xv. foL ^ XX. acra 
fratij cb* III. acraplva mtnuta:. Valet x. litras. 

Idem eftfcopus tenet Cv M T v N E. T. l^. £• geld. fra. vL 
bidis^ & 1. w^. terr^. Terra efi viii. Ciir. De em eft m dn 
minio i. i&/W^, c^ iii virgata terr^e. ^ Hi u. cmr. ^ vi. yirvi| 
^ Xiii. viBani^ & X. iordariij cum vi. c^. K/ moBteum rei' 
dii X. y^/. e^ VI. iirr^ ^4//. ' Silva n. quarent. long, ijr Ut* 
Valet VI. //^. 

Idem epifcof MS tenet Stape LBR IGGE. T. It. E. geU. fn 
XX. i&/V«f . Tf rr<j( efi xvii c^r. Pf ^<f funt in domima vu. i6M^. 
C^ i^/ u. riir. c«w i. fervo^ ^ xix. wiZiw/, ^ u. bordarH^ 
cum XI. r^r. ife' molinum reddit xv. yi/. d* xxv. mcrstfroA. 
Pafiura nil. quarent. long. & u. quarent. lot. Silva i. /»;;« 
/^x^iT, ^ HI. quarent. lat. Valet xii. /r^. I>« ^^u/mp terra 
tenet Lamhertus u. ib/V^v, e^ ihi hahet l. car. cum vi. b$rd. 
Valet XX. y^/. De eadem etiam terra > ten^ ten. mamafter. ill. 
wrg. quas IVtUelmus filius regis tulit ah ecclefia fine comfinfo 
efijcofi c^ monachorum. Ihi efi una car. 

Idem epifcofus tenet W E s T v N E. T. R. E. geld, fro vlU. 
hldis. Terra efi vi. car. De ea funt in dominio v. bid^. (J» 
Hi 11. car. cum i, fervoj ^ vii. viUaniy ir vu. hordofii^ am 
HI. car. Ibi xu. car. frati. b siua modica^ nn. quarent. long. 
& 1. quarent. lat. Valet vu. lihras. 

Idem efifcopMS tenet Cokiscvmbe.T. R. E. geld: fro X. 
hidis^ una virg: minus. Terra efi ix. car: De ea funt im dom* 
nio mi. hid, §• in, virgi ^ Hs in. car. cum i. jfervo^ (^ yu, 
villanij ir vu. cotfce% cum vu. car. Ibi molinum red£t y. fiU 

X I, c, tempore Sd»4rdireiis, « Sic. k L.plv4. 



LELAKD'S ITINERARY. 57 



& X. acr: prats. Tafiura \x. quarent: long: & uil. quar^nt: lat. 
Sslva I. leui: long: ^ ilii. quarent: lat: Valet vii. lihr. 

Idem eftjcopus tenet S T o c E. T.R.E. teld: fro vi. hldls ^ 
dimid. Terra efivw. car. Trater banc Junt ibs \u car:terrM 
qua nunquam dtvlfa funt per hid: ^ ihi in dominio eft i. car: 
cum l.fervo^ ^ vi. cotfce%. Ihi vili. viUani habent liii. car. ^ 
U. Tatni tenent ii. hidas ^ dimtd: ^ ibi habent li. car: & x\u 
cotfcez^ ^ V. fervi. Molinum redd: v. fol. Fafiura v. qua^ 
rent: long: & ill. quarent: lat: Silva modica ill. quarent: longa^ 
<^ 11. quarent: lata. 'Dominium valet vi. lihr. ^uod Taini tenent 
ILL. fol, Hac IX. defcripta maneria funt de vtSu monachorum 
Scireburnia. 

I had almoft forgot to fignify that this excellent, and vene- 
rable old MS. confifts of two Farts. The firft Part contains 
the Charters that I have already accounted for. The fecond 
is a CoUedion of Divine Offices, which, I believe, were 
formerly made ufe of in the Abbey Church of Shirbume ; 
and I am apt to think that the Charters as well as Offices 
were written much about the time that the Abbey was re- 
form'd by, and receivM new Benefaftions from, Roger Poure 
Biftiop of Salisbury. The Hand confirms this opinion. But 
not only the Book it felf, but the Covers of it are very re- 
markable, and worthy the Obfervation of fUch as Ihall con- 
cern themfelves in defcribing the ways of binding Books in 
that Age. This will be a Topick fit for him that mall write 
about tne beginning of Printing. It will become him to trace 
the Original of feveral Letters made ufe of by different 
Printers from oldMSS. *Tis certain the firfl Printers foUow'd 
the very Form and Make of the Letters they found in MSS. 
Nor did their immediate SuccefTors ad otherwife. Hence 
we may account for the black and white Letter. And withal 



we may from hence, in fome degree, give a judgment of the 
Age of^thofe MSS. from whence the firfl Books wereprinted. 
The firfl Binders alfo of printed Books imitated the Bindings 
obferv'd in ancient written Books; tho'new Methods came 
up in time. The dccafion of the imitation was that the 
printed Books might look like MSS. and, by that means, 
oring in the greater Gain. But 'tis not my Bufinefs to enter 
into this curious SubjeA. All I have to do is to obferve that 
this Book (which the more I have looked upon the more I 
have always admir'd) hath two thick Boards (each about aa 
Inch in thicknefs) for it*8 Covers jjtnd that they were joyn'd 
with the Book by large leather Thongs, which Boards are 
DOW, by length of Time, become very loofe. Tho' I have 
Vol. % H feen 



ft 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 



^ 




01 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. S9' 

Thcr be 4. great Toures yn the m Caftelle WauUe. wherof 
one is the Gate Houfe. everjr of them hath ?. Lodggii^es 
yn highth. The great Lodggins is yn the midle of the Ca- 
ftelle Court, very ftrong and fU of Voultes. Therfc be few 
Peaces of Work yn England of thantiqiiite of this that ftand- 
ith fo hole and fb welle couchid. 

One Bislhop Langeton made of late tyme a new Peace of 
Work and Lodsmg of Stone at the Weft End of the Haul. 
other memorable reace of work was none fet up ther fyns 
the firft Building. 

There is a Chapelle in a litle Clofe without the Caftelle 
by Efte. 

There lyith at the Ende of the Caftelle a Mere that fum* 
tyme hath been^ very much larger then it is now, as chokid 



feen a vaft number of old Books, and oftentimes examin'd 
their Covers, yot I do not remember that I ^vcr fiiw Boards ^ ^ 
upon any of them of fo great thickhefs as thefe. This was! >- 

the manner of Binding, it feems, of thofe Times, ef^clally 
if the Books were books of extraordinary value as this is. 
'Twas uiiial to cut Letters in the Covers ^ and fiich Letter^ 
were the better prefervM by having them plac'd in fome hol- 
low Part, which might eauly be made if the Boards were 
pretty thick. I fuppofe therefore that even the Copies rf 
Gregorfs Paftoral that were given to Cathedral Churcnes by 
King JEljfred had fiich thick Covers alfo, that thereby the 
^fteh might be fix'd the better. What makes me think {o 
Is, that the Out-fide of one of the Covers of this Book is 
made hollow, and there is a rude fort of Figure upon ft 
Brafs Plate that is faften'd within the hollow Part. Which 
Figure I take to have been defign'd for the Virgin Afoyy, to 
whom the Abbey was dedicated. Over it there was once 
faften'd another much longer Plate, as isplain from tbeNailf 
that fix'd it, and from Tome other fmall Indications now ex^ 
ftant. And this, 'tis likely, was of Silver, and perhaps there 
was an Anstbema igainft the Perfon that ihould prelume to 
alienate it ingrav'd upon it, together with the Name of the 
Perfon (who it nu^be was ItogerFoure) that was the Do^ 
fior of the Book. This wiU m^e it to have been nothing 
elfe but an JEfttl^ filch a one (tho' not fo valuable) as waa 
faften'd upon Gfeg9ff% Paftoral. But this I leave to every 
Man's Juagmextf, and for that end I have added in the fore« 
going Pate the very Figure, as I have caua'd ie to be drawo 
From the Cover. nCafitJkWMsQ. 

Ha up 



^o L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

oi- JO. lip with flagges and wedes. There cummith a m Rjver yn 
this Merc. 

fi This Broke rifich of v. Springes cauUid the vi]. Siftena 
an hille fide a z. Miles or more by Eft from the Mere at i 
place communely cauUid Horethom. and chens Tone gatber- 
mg to one Botom maketh a Broke that cummich into tbe 
Mere, and after cumming to a ftraiie Botom agayue eoidi I 
to Shirlfum Milles. Wher about the lower Mylle a BroEetf 
much like Quantite cummith into it by the South Ripe of k. 

This Broke rifith a %, Miles of from the Confluence bf 
flat £11 V at a Place caullid Fufcandelle^ and rennith ynto me 
Weft even by the Botom without the Park bytwixt Slih 
turn Water and it. 

Shhrbitm Water thens goith a 3. or more Milys to d^ 
wher Maftcr Horfey dwelliLh, and fumwhat lower gcith yn- 
to IveU Ry ver. 

Above tliis Confluence on the fame Ripe upper on Jorf 
^^^ cummith JVeficoker Water yn that rifith by Wefte a 3. HEkk 
from the Place that he enterith yn ynto Ivel. 

From Shithurn bakward to South^Cadiyri j. good Miles. 

A litle beyond this Cadhyri I turnici flat Weft by a litlc 
Chapelle, ^ and a Mile thens a good Mile of I pa(wi over t 
Stone Bridge fumwhat above augmentid with the Broke that 



• Ryver] Broke St. Broke /i^/>rtf Jin, in Autorr. $ This Bnh 
rifith of y. Springes'] This is a miftakc. For thefe 7. Sprina 
rife direftly North from the Place in the Side of a Hill calrd 
Milhcum Down belonging to MlBoum Fort^ and this Brook 
fupplys ?, Mills before it falls into the River in the Eaft Part 
of the Town. Jta In Schedula Antlquarll cujyfdmm d^SH, y st 
a Place cauUld Pufcandelle] This is another miftake. For 
there is no Spring of any manner of value, no more than 
any other little common Spring that rifes there or at any 
other Place. But at Mlhourn Week^ a. Miles from Sbinhr»j 
there's a Spring rifes that throws up continually fo great a 
quantity ot Water that it fupplys a Mill a little diftance from 
it, and it's called Bradly Spring. This Stream fupplys two 
Mills at Mlltourn Fort. From thence it runs through JUiA- 
hurne Moor to a Mill at Goat HlU^ and fo down along by the 
Park Wall through the Rt. Honourable the Lord D^lft 
Gardens, and Dinny Bridge to an Overfliott Mill where Ac 
S tuiu Sifter s and Bradly Spring joyn together. Sic im ScbedtJs 
' fr^diSi. i and a MjUe. Thens a go9d AfyB of I 



xiSdx 




i LELAND'S ITINERARY. 6x 

D rifith out of Mr. Fltzjames Poade, and thens a 4. good Miles 
of al by low Ground yn fighte to Uehefire. 

■ Al this way tke Failures and Feeldes be much enclofid 
k with Hegge Rowes of Elmes. 

■ Or I cam to Ilchejier by Eftimation of a Mile Cadhyrl Wa- 
^ ter and Ivelceftre Water confluehant. * 
w Sum think that at Cofcumb is one of the fartheft Heddes of 

\ Jfef/Ryverax. Milesby . . . . above JW Village. 

\ iiTheStremeof cummith by IW Village, 

f and then a 5. Miles lower cummith to Ivel Toun Village : 
\ and here, as I hard, the Streame brekith into x. Partes and 
I fone yoynith agayn. and fo even ftraite to Lmlngton. and 
ther I faw dtvortlum a^UiC made longe fyns and cut by hand 
f to ferve a Mille in Ltmlngton^ and thens the hole Streame 
[ goith fcant a Mile of to Ivelceftre. 

I enterid by South Weft into Ihhefter over a great Stone fp!. ji. 
I Bridge of vij. Arches, yn the midle wherof were ij. litle 
M Houfes of Stone, one of the right Hond, wher the commune 
gaiol is for Prifoners yn Somerfet[hif. The other Houfe on 
I /8 the lift Hond. The leffer of booth femid to me to have bene 
p a Chapelle. The Toune of Ilchefter hath beene a very large 
t fhy^g* ^^d o'^e of the auncienteft Townes yn al that Quar- 
ter. At this tyme it is yn wonderful decay, as a thing m a 
maner rafid with men of Warre. 

Ther hath beene in homsnum memorU 4. Paroche Chirchis 
yn the Toune, wherof one yet is occupied. The tokens of 
other a. yet ftond, and the 4. is dene yn Ruine. 

Ther is a fre Chapelle in the Toune, the bakfide wherof 
cummith to the Rjrver fide even hard bynethe the Bridee. 
and ther joynith a right pratyManfion Houfe to this Chapelle. 
I have hara fay That many Teres fyns ther was a Nunry wher 
this Chapelle ys. 
Ther was alfo a late a Houfe of Freres yn this Toune. 
The greateft Token of aundent Buildine that I faw yn al 
the Toune ys a Stone Gate archid and voltid^ and a Chapelle 
ox ChiTch of S. Michael^ a^I remembre, over it. 

The Ryver of Ivel rennith from IveUefire to Lamport z 
4. Miles lower. 

Thens to Mcbelhro^ wher is a Bridge of Tymber over 
Jvel. and the Water ebbith and flowith a • • • • above this 
Bridge. 



m The Streme comttbe h Ivel Village, and then St. 
the lift Hond the leffer ofhethfmid $0 me 6cQ. 




6% LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

♦Thens to Ilminfin — — [«Take better hede. fiar Umdn^ 
as I fyns lernid, ys wichyn a Mile of JVhitlMUit^9m^ wncR 
Mailer Spek dwellith, and is not >on lt^#/ Water/] 

And (o CO BridppoSer. 

It' a Man mi^t go for the Fennes the next way froo 
Avelchefire to Bnd^atet it were not x. Miles betwixt, when 
now it IS xij. 
FoLja. From IvtUifin to Uwun^ton Village about ft Mile. On 
fiJuuerney was owner of this Tonne and Lordlhip. helyid 
richelv buried yn a fisur Chapelle on the North fide of th 
Parocne Chirch of Umington. 

Ther lyith at the Feete of luuermj a Woman vaylid in i 
low Tumbe with an Image of Scone. 

Ther lyith alfo in the South Arche of the (ame Chapelt 
a Gcntilman and his Wife, I think alfo of the Imuermeys. 

There is a Cantuarie Preft in the Chapelle. 

luuemey dwellid, as fum think, in the forme at the Nor^ 
Eft fide of the Chirch. 

luuemeys Landes cam by Heires Generate to the Bm 
vsDes of DevM/btre. 

There was but one of the BonevlUts that was a BarOfl 
and that was Svr wyiham BoneviUe^ whos Sonne « married i 
Heire Generale of the Lord Harmeton^ and f Cedl hit Heii 
General was maried to Thomm the Lord Marquife of JDmjfk 

This Lord BonevlUe had many Baftardes, wherof he (ecii 
one in the Weft Partes, gyving him a loo. Markea of Laii 
byrheYere. and this family e yet remainith there. 

From Limimrtan to M0nfegMe bv good Pafture and Con 
Ground enclofid and meately welle woddid a 4. Miles. 

TheToune ofMntegue hath a poore Market^ and is buildi 
of Stone as communely al Townes thcrabonte be. I redd 
in the Booke of the Antiquites of Glefen^i that this Ton 
was cauUid yn the Saxant Tyme Logaresturcb. Sum thyn 
that ther was a great Caftel and ForterefTe at this Tonne ; 
the SaxoMs Tyme. Sum fay that the Counte of Mtntm 
buildid a Caftelle there fone after the Conqueft : but that 
Caftelle hath bene there, and that the Counte of JlUritt 
lay yn it, it is without doute. This 4 Count chaungid the cl< 
Name and caullid it MatfPepte^ bycaufe it ftode on a flttrj 



•I This Mr. Leland added fmce be writ the otber. fi Fuuen 
ipxojuuemey in G. & fie infra. 



I dele on. % maried. 3 Cecity. 4. County. 



pOl 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. ^j 

?oint of an Hille, and fyns chat Name hath prevaylid. This 
^ouate c£ Mtftun began a Priory of Blake Monkes a ;• or 
4. in numbre under the Rootes of Mnitgiii Hille, enduing 
it with ^ fair Lordeihippes, MUtUtfue and Titmhml joyninji; Fol. sh 
to it. The 3. was Crstbi a 10. Mues from MomtepeV/di 
South Weft. The Counte of Moreton^toke part with R^iert 
Curthaje agayn KingHniyy the firft, and after was toke^ put 
in Priione^ and his Landes attaintid : at the which tyme the 
;• Lordihipes gyven to Montign^ Priory were taken away, 
and then were the Monkes compellid to beggc for axertem -^ 

feafon. At the lafte King Henry the firft had pyte of them, 
and ofierid them their owne Landes again and more, fo that 
the wold leave that Place and go to JJtmporti^ wher at 
that tyme he entendid to have made a notable Monafterie. 
But the Monkes entretid hvm that they might kepe theyr 
old Houfe: and apon that ne reftorid them their 3. Lord- 
ihipes, tranflatins his mvnde of building an Abbay from 
Lamfwie to RnMjn^. Then cam one ReptMiUm Csmetta^ 
ivitf , fo namid by likelihod of his Office, a man oS great 
Fame about King Henry the firft, and he felle to Relli^on, 
and was Prior otM0nfe^ue^ and enlargid it with Buildinges 
and Pofl^ons. And thus the Priorv encreafing. and the 
hole Lordfhip of Montegue beyngyn tne Monkes Pofleffion, 
the notable Caftelle partely felle to Ruine, and partely 
was taken doune to make the Priory. So that many Yeres 
fyns no Building of it remaynid, only a Chapelle was fette 
apon the very toppe of the Dungeon, and that yet ftcmdith 
tner. 

From Montegue to Stoke under Hamden about a Mile. I 
law at Steke in a Botom hard by the Village very notable 
Ruines c^ a great Manor Place or Caftelle. and yn this Ma- 
ner Place remaynith a very auncient Chapelle, ^eryn be 
diverfe Tumbes of NoUie Men and Wimen. 

In the South Weft fide of the Chapelle be 5r. Images on 
Tumbes on hard joynid to another, 3. of Menne hamefhid p^ -^ 
and fhildid, and *. of Women. Ther hath bene Mln&ri- 
ption on ecbe of them, but now fo fore defacid that they 
ctnnot be redde« 

I faw a Shelde or a. al verry of blew and white. 

Ther be in this part ^.the Chapelle alfo a. Tumbes with* 
out Images. 

There is in the Nonhfide of the Body of the Chapelle a 
Tumbe in the Waulle without Image or Writing, and-a 



nInfcriitkn$^.^Q. Infciiptio&i B. 

^ ' Tumbc 



tf4 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Tumbe with a goodly Image of a man of Armes in the 
Nonhfideof theQuyeriiof theChapcUe"', with aSheld, iiasl 
remembre'' al verrey, and even afore the Qmcr Doore but 
without it lyith a very grete flatce Marble 5cone with an 
Image in BraiTe fiattely graven, and this Writing yn FreTub 
about it: 

Uy gifi It notU fi ^" vaiUamt Cblvaler Maheu de Gumey 
ikdys jenefchal de Landes & cafHain du Chaftel Daques fro 
wopre feignor U toy en la duche de Guyene, fue en ji vie fu 
Alfcufc* ^ j^ hatml de y Beuamarin, &iaU a afres a la fiege Dalge- 
Tirtjur le Sarazines, dr ^uxi a Us taHaiUes de Le fclufe, de 
Creffy,<fc Yngeneffe, de Peyteres, de Nazara, Dozrey^&aplw 
fours autres Mailles & ^tges en les quex il gaina noUement 

XX . 

gjraund tlos 4y bonour fer le fiace l^de iisj^ ^ xvj. ans^ & 
mofufi le xxvj.jour de Septembre Ian nofirejeignor Jefu Chrift 
Mccccvj. que defalme dieux eit mercy, amen. 

Ther was befide this Grave another in the Wefteende of 
the Bodj of the Chapelle having a gret flat ftone without 
Infcription. 

I markid yn the Wyndowes 3. fortes of Armes, one al 
Verry blew and white, another with iij. Stripes Gules down 
right in a feld of Gold. The 3. was Croffelettes of Golde 
many intermift in one yn a Feld, as I remembre. Gules. 

Ther is a Provoft longging to this Collegiate Chapelle 
now yn Decay^ wher fumtyme was good Service, and now 
but a MefTe faia a 3. Tymes yn the Weeke. 

The Provoft hath a large Houfe yn the Village of Stoke 
M. f r. therby. 

The notable Quarre of Stone ys even therby at Hamden^ 
out of the whichhath beene taken manv a Day Stones for 
al the goodly Buildinges therabout in al Quarters. 

From Stoke to Crokehorn^ a Mene Market Toun Southweft 
from Monteguey a f. Miles, and 4. from Stote by Hilly 
Ground. 

Crokehom is fette under the Rootes of an Hille. Ther 
I faw nothing very notable. Yet there ys apraty Croffe en- 
vironid with finaul Fillers, and a praty Toune Houfe yn 
the Market Place. 

The Chirch ftondith on the Hylle, and by it is a Gram- 
mar Schole endowid with Landes for an annual Stipende. 

«i Deejl B. fi Deeft B. 7 Beuamarzm & aUa afres G. 
Z fufra r. ^ Ala apres B. % tos^ Mr. Burton hatn made 
it for. Z ^^ 9^« ^^9 & moruft in B* 

Hafel' 

k 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. gf 

thfetierge is about a Mile from Crokehom. at this Place 
lyvid the Holy Heremite and Prophete Wulfrik yn King 
Hemy the i. Dayes. The Erie of Darhy ys now owner of 
thatLordfhip. 

From Crokeham by Hilly Ground but plentiful of Come, 
Grafle and Elme Wood, wherwith moft part of al Somerfet- 
Jbire ys yn hegge rowys enclofid-^ iifcant a 2, Miles to George 
Henton Village, fo caullid bycauie the Paroch Chirch there is 
dedicate to S. George. 

Heere hath Sir Ihigh Poulet a ri^t goodly Maner Place 
of Fre Stone, with x. goodly high Tourres embatelid in the 
ynner Court. 

Ther hath beene of auncient Tyme a Maner Place at this 
Henton. But al that there now is notable is of the Building 
of Syr Amife Toukt^ Father to Syr Hu^ now ly ving. 

Inis SjtHMgh hath of late made a Farke not far from his 
Houfe at Henton in the fide of an Hylle. 

From Henton to Kingefton Village a x. Miles dim. by Hylly 
and Enclofid Ground, and thens pafCng about a Mile farther 
I lefte Wbite^Lskington half a Mile of on the right hond^ 
wher Mr. 5|peie hath his principale Houfe, and a Parke: and 
about a Mile of on the lifte Honde I left another Maner 
Place of his caullid 

Thens to ariy--M(i/f/ a^. Miles, wherisaParkelongging PpLjC, 
to Chamhemoun of Devon/hire. 

I left this Parke a litle on the lift Hond, and fbne after 
cam over a great Brook^ that rifith Weft South Weft, and 
rennith Eft North Eft mto Ivel a 2. Miles above McheU 
boron by Eftimation. 

(Here I cam from the Hilly Ground to the Low and 
Marfchy Ground of « Somerfetjhir.) 

Thens to North-Curj ftille by low Ground about a 1. Miles 
or more. The Chirch of Welles hath fair Landes here. 

And hereabout is Stoke Gregory^ wher the Chirch of WeBes 
hath PofleiSons. 

Thens about a Mile to the Ripe of Tbone Ryver, by the 
which I paffid by the fpace of half a Mile, and there I went 
over 3%Mi^ by a Wood Bridge. 

Athehy lyith. half a Mile lower on Thon^ and ther is a 
Bridge or Wood toentre to thabbay, and oeneth that al* 



mfisntaHeieG. 

t SsmtrletdUr* 
Vol.!. "^ 1 laoft 



f6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

moft at the very Confluence of lUme and Ivel is another 
Wood Bridge owerTbmte. 

Thonetoun alias TMwmiOMn is a 5. Miles by South Weft 
from Athelney. 

Th0U€toun IS about a vij. Miles from Bridgw^Wkltit. 

1 There is a great Bridge on Jbvne at Bmfntd % Mile lower 
then Thonetoun. 

From this Bridge by Aiholnej I rode by low Mattt 
Ground a z. Miles to Federtun Park. 

Here at Pedertom the foyle Weftward and Soudi Weft ly* 
fith agayn and ys not fenny. 

There ys a great Numbre of Dere longgine to this Paikp 
yet hath it almoft no other Endofure but Dskea to lee die 
Catelle of the Commune to cum yn. 

The Dere trippe over thefe Dikes and feede al about die 
Fennes, and refort to the Park agayn. There is a. praty Lodge 
motid yn the Parke. 

There cummvth a praty Broke thorough the Park, andhilf 
a Mile beneth tne Park it goith ynto tvel. 

This Brooke is cauUid PeJer^ and rifith Weft South Weft 
yn the Hylles aboute a i. Myies of. Firft ic cummitb bf 
* Nortt^Pedretonj a praty uplandifch Toun, wher is a £nr 
Chircb, the Perfonage wherof was impropriate to mMj/B' 
cbsnioclinul. 

Then it touchith on South-Pederton^ yn the which Parock 
the Parke ftandith. and fo to the Ry ver of Iwi 
Fol. /;. From the Lodee in Pederton Parke to Nortlf^dertnm a Miie» 

From Northftitrtun to Bridgewster 1. Miles. The way 
or I cam ynto Bridgwater was caufid with Stone more tbca 
half a Myle. 

Entering into Bridgwater I paffid by a Chapelle of & S^ 
vior ftanding on the Ripe of the Haven* 

Then I enterid into a Suburbe, and fb over a Bridge Uft* 
der the which rennith a Brook, that rifidi a 4. Miles of by 
Weft at Bromefe/de. 

The SouthGate of theTowne joinith hard onto this Bridge. 

The Towne of Bridppater is not wallid, nor hadi not 
beene by any ^ likely hod that I faw. Yet there be ^ Gates ja 
the Towne namid as they be fette by Eft, Weft^ North, and 
South. The Waulles ot the Stone Houfes of the Touse be 



« MJufraomAitiofy. 
I dicf , a lyUylnci. 

yn 



V 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. €y\ 

yn ftcede of the Towne WauUes. I rode from the South 
Gateyn a praty Streate a while, and then I tumid by Eft and 
cam to the Market Place. 

The faireft Streate and principale Showe of the Toone ys 
from the Weft Gate to the JEafte Gate. 

The Ryver of Ivel there joynith with the Salt Creeke. 

«iand Arme of the Se rennith crofTe thorough this Strete 

* from South to North, and to paffc over this Arme there is 

a right auncient ftronge and high Bridge of ftone of j. Arches Fol. ^t. 
begon of H^Uiam Bruer, the Srft Lord of that Towne, yn 
^^ King Richard the firft and King y$Ms Dayes. 
^* One Triveth^ a Gentilman, as I there lemid, of Dtvon^ 

* * Jbh or C9me0Me^ finifhid this Bridge : and the Trivites^ be- 

yng the Armes that 7>/v^A gave, appcre there in a Sheld ya 
™ the coping of the Chekes of the Bridee. 
pi That part of the Towne that ftondkh on the Weft fide of 

the Bridge and Haven is thre tymes as bygge as that that 
K ftondith on the Eft fide. 

The Caftelle fumtyme a right fair and ftrong Peace of 

* Worke, but now al goyng to mere Ruine, ftandith harde 

* bynethe the Bridge of the Weft fide of the Haven. mUiam 
\ Btuer the firft buildid this Caftelle. 

^ Thefe Thinges I markid yn the Wefte Parte of the Towne : 

One large Paroch Chirch. 

A goodly I Houfe wher fimityme a College was of Gray 
Freres. 

» Hyifyam Bruifj fiinne to » IVyBysm Bruer the firft, buildid 
this Houfe. 

One of the hordes B^treMtx and his Wife were efpecial Be- 
nefa<2ors to this Houfe. Thereapon his Hert and nis Wifes 
Bodv were buryed there. 

The Accuftumer ofBridgmater hath tranflatid this Place to 
a right goedly and 3pleafant dwelling Houfe^ 

There ♦ys an Hoipitale yn this Parte of the Towne of the 
Building and Fundation ot Menne yn the Towne; but it is 
endowed with litle or no Lande. 

TheChapelle of S. Salviour at the South fide withoute the 
Town was buildid m b&mnmm mimcria by a Merchaont of 
BrujgewMter cawllid Wittsam Toel or Vole. 

filn the Eft Parte of the Town is onely the Houfe or late 

ii An Arme B. fi L$ the frfi forte of the Tmn St. 
I liowfc a WyllianindWllIyiai. g pkalHUit. 411. 

I % roll-- 



6% LELAND'S ITINERARY* 

College of S. John a thing notable : aad this Houfe fttndidi 
partely withoute the Eft Gate. 

This College had Preftes that had the Apparelle of Secolir 
roL 1*9. Preftes with a Crofle on there Brefte : ^Ana fi this Houfe was 
adjoynid an Hofpitale for poore folkes. 

WyllyMm Bruer the firft foundid this Place, and gave onto 
it feire PolTeflions. 

Wyttiam Bruer the firfte was buried at DunkeJweUe^ an Ab- 
bay of White Monies of his Fundation vn Devonjbhre. 

WiBjfMm Bruer y the firft Wife was Duried at M^tesfmOe^ % 
Priorie of her Husbandes Fundation- 

There hath fauUen yn mine and fore Decay above too. 
Houfesyn theToun of Br/^j^n/^intymeof 'remembraunce. 

From Bridgewater to Cansugton a a. Miles. 

As I cam ynto Canington^ a praty uplandifch Towne, I 
paffid over a oygge Brooke that rifitn not far of by Weftp 
the Hilles, and paflinge by Caningtun rennith into the lu* 
ven of Bridgevater a a. Miles and more by Eftimation lower 
then Bridgwater. 

The Paroche Chirch of Caningtom is very fair and wdk 
adornyd. 

There was a Priory of Nunnes, whos Chirch was hard 
adnexid to the Eft of the Paroch Chirch. Rogeres of the 
Court hath this Priorie, and alio Minchjn Buklmmd gyven 
onto hym. 

From Caningtun to Stowey 3. ^ood Miles. 

Stowey a poore Village ftondith yn a Botom, emong Hilles* 

Heere ys a goodly Maner Place of the IjOTdtjimdelefs ftond- 

ing exceding pleafauntly (^for ^goodpaftures, and havingbyic 

a Parke of redde Deere and another of falow, and a ftire 

Fol. 60. Brooke ferving al the Offices of the Maner Place. 

The Lord Audsley^ that rebellid yn Kewry the vij, Tymc, 
began great Foundations of Scone Work to the ealarging of 
his Houfe, the which yet be feene half onperfedl. 

The Ryver of Sttnoey rifith yn the • Hilles therby by Weft, 
and renning along thorough Stowey Village goim after to 
the Se. 

The Se is about a 4. Miles from Stowe. 



a And to this St. & G. iS To this B. y tbefirJFs Wife Gt 
t Leg. for goodly fafiures. 1 miks ther by Wefi St. & G. 



rK 



t reiminberaaAoe, a goodly. 

From 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

I From Stowey to iiS. « /[nJres a <. Miles. I left this Village 

a litle <Son the right, it flondith aoout a Mile from the Se. 
I In this Paroche I faw a fair Park and Manor Place of the 
JLutterelleSj cauUid puantok-Hedde^ bycaufe it ftandith at the 
Hedde of ^<j»^tf*-Hilles toward the Se. 

Thefe HiUes renne in Creftes from ^^uantok-Hedde toward 
Tauntoun^ as from North to South Eft. 

I paflid over 2. notable y Brokes bytwixt St awe and S. » An^ 
dres that ran from the Montaynes to the Se. 

From S. 3 Andres to Wilington a a. Miles. 

I paffid over a great Brooke or I cam to Wilington^ riiing 
from South and rcnning by North to the Se. 

A Quarter of a Mile from WiUington or more I cam to 
Orchard^ wherMr.^^^^^^^^^n'^dwellith. 

This Maner Place was ereftid by a younger Brother of 
the Sydenhsms. And of this Name ther hath beene 4. owners 
of Orchard ihzt was purchafid by the firft of the 4. 

The Secunde Sidnham maried with the Heire General of 
one Gamon^ or rather Gamton^ a Man I of 200. Markes of 
Lande in Devm/htre and CemewaL 

This Gamhon gave in a felde of Sylver thre legges Sables. 

Sidenham the x. buildid mofte part or almoft al the good 
Building of Orcharde. 

The ^. dyed, leving a Sunne and %. Doughters. 

The Sunne or he cam to xxij. Yeres of Age dyed. 

The a. Doughters were thus maried: one to Johm ff^nd^ 
kanfj ayounger Brother of Wyndham of FelMdge yn North' 
folk. The other was maried to 

The eldeft Houfe of the Stdenhams is at Brimtoun by Mom^ poL 6u 
tegue. 

AndthisSdenhamofBrimtom^ a Man of good Yeres, lyith 
now at a litle Maner Place of nis withyn a Mile of Orchard 
caullid Comte. 

There lyith alio at Netlecumte^ withyn a Mile of Orchard 
or litle more, another Sidenham cumming oute of the Houfe 



ek Ethelreda is writteu over Andres in the Originals tut in 
Mr. Burton's Copf Ethelreda is omitted^ fi on the right hond, 
itftonditb St. ScG. y Bridges fox Brokes in St. i Leg« of a 
200. Mttrkes. 



1 4adreti % Andrei. 3 Andrct. 

of 



TO LELAND'S ITINERARY* 

ctBrimtiM* This SUenbam may fpende «a/lfo. L«iid bytiie 
Yere. 

I markid yn the Glafle Wvndowes at Mafter yWfnithmit 
fobm WjndhMm and Thomas Knighttes Armes. The one of 
them ^marled Howard the Duke of Nortbfrlket Doug|iter: 
the other the Doughter of the Lord Scrofe of Boltum* 

Orchard is yn the Paroche of S. DecuM^ alias Decmmsm^ a 
Mile or more from the Se fide, and a a. Miles from the Cna- 
pelle of cur Lady of CMe» 

From Orchard to C///Chapel a g. Miles or more. 

Or I cam to this Chapel almoft by a Mile I paifid over 
a Broke that cummith from C/if- Ablbay, At this Place I left 
C/i/e* Abbay fcant a Quarter of a Mile of by South on the lift 
Hond, and hard by on the right Hond oy North I faw a 
fair Stone Bridge of one Arche. 

' C/j^-Chapelle, whcr oflFerine was to our L^yt is fct apon 
no very high Ground, but rokxy. it is welle buildid : and 
on the South fide of it is a goodly Vnne al of Stone a late ufid 
for Pilgrimes. 

The Se is about half a Mile from cC/r-Chapelle. 

From C///-Chapelle to Dunfter a a. Miles. 

I pafiid over a Brooke that cummith thorough DMnefiar 
Park. 

Marfch Wood Park by twixt our Lady of Ciyvo and Duuefor. 

Dunfter Toun ftoncuth in a Botom. The Paroch Cturch 
is fet in Ground fumwhat rifing. 

There is a very celebrate Market at Dunfiarre ons aWekea. 

There is a Fair privilegid to be at Dunfiir every Whstfuf^ 
Mone-day. 

The Toun ofDuneJlorre makith Cloth. 
FoL €x. The Glory of this Toun rofe by the M^hm that were af- 
ter Erles of Somerfeti. 

The Motons hzdiura regalia at Dunfler. 

The Moioms builvJid the right goodly and ftfonge Caftelle 
ofDimifiorre. 

The Dungeon of the Caftelle ;of Duwejhrre hath beene 



m aKo. //. Land St. 6cG.fi Sic in jfutografbo. f o/. Land 
habit B. y H^indham^s the Armes of John Wndham and 
Thomas WhMam Knightes. The one maried die Dau^- 

ter of Haward D. of NorfoUoj the other &c. B. 

' There are points after maried in G» 



I dif. 

fulle 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 71 

fuUe of goodly Building. But now there is but only a Cha- 
pclle in good cafe. 

Syr Httgh LutereUe did of late Day es repaire this Chapelle. 

The faireft Part of the Gaftelle wcUe maintenid is yn the 
North Eft of the Court of it. 

Svr HMth LutertlU in the Tyme of Dame Mar^arete his 
Wife, Sifter to the olde Lord Balbeney^ made a fair Tourre 
by North cummyng into the Caftelle. 

Sir ffiv^ had another Wife caullid « GMimHean^ Doughter to 
TorkofDevonJbir. 

Syr AnJrtm Luterelle^ Sunne to Sir Hugh^ ji build of new 
a pece of the Caftel Waul by Eft. 

There be great Hilles on every fide of the Caftelle Hille 
except toward North Eft. 

There longgith many Privileges and Knightes Services to 
be doone to this Caftelle. 

Ther is a jpraty Park joyning to theft part of the Caftelle. 

The late Prionr of Blate Nfonkes ftoode yn the Rootes of 
the North Weft fade of the Caftelle, and was aCelle to BMtbe. 

The hole Chirch of the late Priory fervith now for the Pa- 
roche Chirch. Afore tymes the Monkes had the Eft Parte 
clofid up to their Ufe. 

In the North Part of this was buried undre an Arche by 
the high Altare one of the Lutere/les^ or, as I rather thynke^ 
of the Moiom. for he hath a Garland about his Helmet : ana 
fo were Lordes of old Tymes ufid to be buried. 

There ly ij. Images on the South fide of the Chauncelle 
of one of the Mtn&ns and his Wife : and thcrby lay an Image 
of one of the Everardes Gcntilmen firft there fet up by the 
JMoitms^ vn token wherof they had a parte of the Caftelle to 
defende oy Service, the image lyith now bytwixt ij. Arches 
or Boteres in the Chirch Yarde. 

The Maner Place of the EverarJes was and yet ys at ^ler 
in y Cametun Paroche a Mile from Dunfier Caftelle. poL 6%. 

Carta^un is fliortcly fpoken for CarMtokes Towmty wheryet 
is aChapel of thisSaind that fumtyme was tbeParociiChircne. 

Ther lyith one Elizattth^ Wife to one of the Luterelles^ 
afore the nigh Altare under a playne Stone. 

There cummith a praty brooke by Weft from the Hilles 
therby, andforennitn . 

From DMmeJhri to ISnbeved a 1. Miles. 

m GmBlUan\ GumUan cum quatuor pundis in (?. fed in ora 

codicis ab ead. m. GuRmts. fi tuiltQ. L%9 buildid. y Cf- 
rtMfnfG. CnafifrsCuafcrMfur. 



y^ LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Mnbeved hath ons a Weeke a praty Market. 

The faireft Part of the Toua ftandith in the Botom of an 
Hille. The Refidew rennith ftepe up a long the Hille, yn the 
Toppe wherof is a fair Paroche Chirche. 

The Toune is exceding fill oSltifch Menne. 

The Peere lyith at the North Eft Point of the Hille. 

There was a fair Park bjr Minheved^ but Sir Andrm LMt" 
terelle of late tyme deftroyd it. 

From MMeved to Aber Thawan ttjnfi Glamorgan the nereft 
trajedl there into Wales a i8. Miles. 

Irom Mineheved up along the Seveme Shore to Stoke 
yGurcy a xvij. Miles, where is a goode Village. 

Thens to the Sterte a 3. Miles, and there is the Mouth 
of Bridgewater Haven. 

From Mnbeved doune on the Severn Shore to a Place 
cauUid Hores-Toun a ?. Miles. There beginnith the Rode 
that is communely caullid Porlogb Baj^ a meatly good Rode 
for Shippes, and fo goith to Comban^ peraventure (hortely 
fpoken for Colum^ane^ a 3. Miles of; and thus far I was ad* 
certenid that Samerfetjhir went or farther. 

From Comebane to the Sterte moft parte of the Shore is 
Hilly Ground, and nere the Shore is no flore of Wood : 
that that is ys al in Hegge rowes of Enclofures. 

There is great Plenty of Benes in this Qi]|irter and in- 
ward to the rLandes. 

And of thefe Beenes ther is yn a maner a Staple at Bridge 
water when Come is dere in the Parties beyond tne Se. 

There is aMb yn this Quarter great Plenty of Whete and 
F9I64. Catelle. 

From Dunefiorre to Ex/ir^ Village a 7. Miles. 

Of thefe 7. Miles 3. or 4. of the firft were al hylly and 
rokky,ful of Brokes in evervHilles botom and meatly woddid. 

Thefe Brookes by my Eftimation ranne toward the ^^- 
veme Se. 

The Refidew of the way to Exford was partely on a 
Moore and fumwhat baren of Come, and partely hylly, 
having many Brookes gathering to the hither Ripe ot Ex 
Ryver. 

There is a litleTymbrc Bridge at Exfarde over Ex brooke, 
ther being a fmaul water. 

Ex rifith in Exmpn at a place caullid Exeroffi a 3. Miles 



m Into B. fi Glamorgan] Glamorgat$fhire St. y Gnery a 
xvii. St. Gurey a eighteene Q. i Laiuks\ Land G« 

Of 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 7? 

lif by North Wefte, and fo goith toward Tyvertun a xij. Miles •'^ht iw^ 
lower, and thens to Excefire a x. Miles. jS^#r^ 

From Exfot^d to Simons^atb Bridge a 4. Miles, al by Foreft^ 
Baren, and Morifch Ground j wher ys ftore and breading of 
yong Catelle, but litle or no Corne or Habitation* 

There rennith at this Place cauUid Slmonshath a Ryver be- This Watef 
rwixt to great Morifch Hilles in a depe Botom, /Sand ther is a '>fi* by. 
Bridjge of Woodde over this Water. ^^ 

The Water in Sonier moft communely rennith flat apdii 
ftones eafjr to be paffid over, but when Raynes cum and 
Stormes of Wyntre it ragith and ys depe. 

Alwayes this Streame ys a great deale bygger Water thea 
Ex is at Exfordk yet it refortith into Ex Ryver* 

The Boundes of Somerfetejhire go beyond this ftreame one 
way by North Weft a 2. Miles or more to a place caullid 
the Sfanne^ and the Tourres i for ther be Hillokkes of Yerth 
caft up or auncient tyme for Markes and Limites betwixt 
Somerjetjhir and Devonjhlre. and here about is the Limes and 
Boundes of JB>f«rtffe foreft. 

From Simonsbath Bridge I rode up an high Morifch Hylle, 
and fo paffing by i. Myles in lyke Ground, the foyle beeaJi/ 
to be fumwhat frutefiil, and the Hilles to be ful of Endo- 
fures, ontylle I cam a 3. Miles farther to a poore Village Fol.^/; 
caullid Brayforde^ wher rennith a Broke by likelihod refort- 
ing to Simonsbath Water and Ex. 

s. From Bratford to Berfiafie an 8. Miles by hilly ground^ 
having much Enclofures for Pafture and Corne. 
- The Toune of Berdeneftafle hath be 

wauUid, and the Waulle was in cum- I think that the olde Name 
pace by Eftimation half a Myle. It is of the Toune was in the JBn* 
now almoft clene faullen. The names tonne Tunge Abeftaw^ bycaufe 
of the 4. Gates by Eft, Weft, North it ftode toWard the Mbuth of 
and South, yet remain, and manifeft Taip Ryver. Bitdenes fhortely 
Tokens of tnem. or corruptely fpoking, as I 

The Suburbes be now more then thinke^ iox Abemejft. Staple \& 
theToun. an addition for a Market. 

The Houfes be of Stone,as al Houfes 
in good I Tounes there aboute be* 

« the Marginal Note is thus exprefs'd in St. Ther h a large 
fortejief Elmore ^ and in G. thus: Hereabouts is the large 

Torefi of Exmore, with points under the two firft Wordfu 
/3 and ther is a great Bridge G. 

"1 I ■.lii—ii— ■ III! ' li '" !■ ! . r I I ■ Vr t mm^ammimmimmtlMmllimmmtm^*^^ 

; t Tow«es. 

t Vol.* K There 



74 LELANiyS ITINERilKr. 

Theie be oMftUiBft Rttma of « gictt CaAoDt at dit Nordi 

Weft fide of cheTowne 4 Kdc bcQctb the Tomi Bn^ «tti 
aBeacecf tfaePtuigeaQjrec ftaadtch. OtkcyMmitT^e^ 
9it^ ffUm AUtrtSj was the firft that I can rc^ of that \Ki 
yn this Caftelk. 

Th^re is but one Paroche Chtjdi in the Town. 

Tbei c haib bcenr 4. Cbapelles ra the Touoy of the triadi 
one was at the Eft End OL the Bridge dcdi»te to Thmmm 
Mikity ocnr profaaid. 

. The other 3. yet ftande. one of AlbaUw^s^ at tlsc Nactk 
Gate. Another of S. Hiolssj at the Weft Gare, aa I re^ 
flaeoiove* 

One Hfflmam^ Vicar of the Parodie Chiich id Barp^ii^ 
wn9fi€ a fair Chapelle, and fomylid a Cantuaiic in k m the 
Pairoche Chirch Vardi in .B^f^/e. 

The P^orie of Bkke Monkes at the Northe Emfe of die 
Towne was > fbundid by ?^£0/iv d^ 2Sirf3i^x, that was Larde of 
die Toua a»d Caftelle oiBerftsfh. 

A Fair at the Nativite of our a Lady at Berflafle. 
, Om 'Bracy was after Lorde of the Caftelle and Tonne of 
Xmfiafli^ and taken as fiDunder of the Friorie. 

Sum w di^ one ci the T¥acys made the ri^t great and 
^imjptuua&idge of Stone/Shaving 16. hi^ Arches ztBatftafU* 
- Tncte beLandcs ^rvea to theMaintenaunce of thisEttidgc;. 

One Fhlliffus de Columhauis vt^^i^x Lord of BerftM^i 
;mddiis ¥biltf died cma amnmm Dm r 1344* or ±j. he ano his 
Wife lay booth buried in the Pricey of BerJtapU. 

There lay fumme of the Barons of y Su^ne yn Ire/amUnX'- 
tyedinBerfiafkfriory. 

Then was one JVUliam Mertun a Kni^ Lord ofBerfiafUv 

The Duke of Excefier was of late Daves Lord of BirfiafU^ 
FaI« i/k* The Countes of Richemont^ grand Dame to Henry the 8, 
was Lady of B#r/?ii5p//'. 

Hmtf^ late Duke of Rkhemont and Somerfttt was Lord of 
Btfjtaflt. 

Thoie is a Mair in Berfia^le^ and the Burgefes take King 
Ethelfian as chief of Privileges to the Toun. 

fpJimtoun is devidid from the North Sdburbe and diePriory 



If ZtCfJ. for Lady in C ^ £^/V^ eigbteeni^ Hfigh &c. G* 
y S/ane G. I FlinUoun] Sic Ciimiti Autogr. turn in Apogr«^ 
led WkoMy nl fallor^ rei^os. 



iamkk 



LELAND^S ITINERARY.. j| 

^nly by a p^te Caufey of Stone, having an archid Bridge at 
echeEndeofit. 

This Bridge was made long dns by a Merchaunt of L4n4oh 
caullid Stanford «long (Ym** by this occafion ; 

He chauncid to be at herjlaple to by Cloth, aild t^vf A 
Woman ryding to cum over by the low faltelVlarrch from 
Plymtun towarde Berfiafle^ and the tyde cam fo fore yii by pummidn" 
a gutte, that brekith yn there from tne Haveii fliore to the numiGrM 
Marfch, that flie could not pafle: and crying for Help, ho vocabuio 
man durft cum to her, and io fhe was drownw. triSir™ 

Then Stafford toke ^ the Prior of Berfiafle it certcn 
fiimme of Money to begyn this Caufey, chekid on eCne IidC|, 
and the y Bridgges, and after payid for the perforftiihg <tf^it. 

There cummith a praty Broke from the Hilles ztSer^apie 
ty Eft and rennith along oy the Priorye Waulle^ ana (o go.- 
ith thorowgh the Bridge at the Ende ot the Caufey jafid ftray te 
dry vith a Mille and fo ynto the Haven. 

Picartes and other miaul Veflels cum up by a gut but <tf 
the Haven to the other Bridge on the Caufey at Plfmfah 
Townes Ende. 

, Phmtun is but one fair long ftreate. and is maiiiteynid 
by Clothe making. 

. The Weft North Weft fide of the Toun for the more|^af; 
Ibngid to the Priory of J5tff/?tfi>/p. -. 

The Eft fide of the Toune longid fo thabbay of CA/fdr 
the more part. ISiinzAfhelJian gave fair Landes in an4 by 
plymtun to t\L2hhzy ^ Mahmestyru ./ / / 

Malmestyri had alfo the Perfonage of JP^W»» impfopriatid. 

The Bisfhop of £xff/?rtf bath an auncient Maner ftace a Fo'-^7» 
Mile above JBerfiafle-Briig caullid Tawfon on the Eft iiait 
.of the Havenr Bisfliop F^ of late made ihis Hpufeium- ., , .^ 
what lefle then it was but more handfuni. 
H^ The Erie of Bathe hath a right goodly Maneranq Place 
at Tawfloke on the Weft fide of the Haven a Mile above 
Berflafh ^xyAgt. 

The King gave of late to the Erie of tiantpUn a great 
Xbrdlhip daullid Vremingtun. it lyith from h^&A\M^4ple 
Bridge on the Weft fide of the Haven to the Neffe. ^ 

The Ryver 6(Tau rifith in Bxmore by Eft South Eft from 
•^erftaple. - - . 

The Ryver of Taw is no very mayne ftreame at the Ebbq 
as it apperith at B^^/>/e. 

VromBerflaple to the very Haven Mouth a. v. Miles : ai^. 



« Redundant, jf TotheJB. y Bridge G. 

K X the 



7» LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

the very Mouth of it is no large thing : and a Ktle without 
is a barre. 

ii There rennith a fhore on the Weft fide of the Haven a 3. 
Miles byneth Berftafle fi to thU Neflc or Point metith the 
Ry ver of Turege and Taw togither making a brodc Water, and 
go to the Severn Se. e 

From this Neffe up to Budeford Bridge apon Tkrtge a 4. 
Miles, wher is a praty quik » Streate of Smithes andf other 
Occupiers for Ship crafte chfotttem. 

The Bridge at Bedeforde apon 7)irege is a very notable 
Worke, andhath xxiiij. Arches of Stone, and is fiurly waul- 
lid on eche fide. But the Arches be not fo high as the 
Arches of BerJIafle Bridge be, 

A poore Prefte began »thys Bridge : and, as it is faide, he 
was animatid fo to do by a Vifion. 

Then al the Cuntery about fette their Handes onto the 
performing of it : and fins Landcs hath y be gyven to the 
piaintenaunce of it. 

Ther ftandith a fiiir Chapclle of our Lady trans f^ntem ^t 
^he very ende of it, and there is a fraternite in the Toun for 
perfervation of this Bridge : and one waitith continually tp 
jcepe the Bridgclene from al Ordure. 

The greateit part of the Toune is ultra fimtem^ and thctr 
is a fair Paroch Qhirch. 

Ther is no wekely Market at a fette day at Bedeforde. 

There is a good Village ulterlorl ripa 1* a a. Miles byneth 
Bedeford caullid Afledour. and thens about a Mile is the 
Maven Mouth. 

Mr. Cofhin dwellith a 3. Miles by North Weft from Bede:t 
far4. 
fqL69. Hertland is X. Miles from Bedeford much by Morifcho 
Ground but very good for Broode of Catelle. 

Hertey point lyith North North Eft 3. Miles nerer to the 
Mouth of Tnw then Hertlande. 

VormBerfiaple to Bedeforde Bridge a 7. Miles or 8. 

Yrom Berftaple to Newtoun a poore Village by ftony and 
'^^hille and fum enclofid Ground a ^. Miles. 

And thens to Alfcqte by much like Ground a j. Miles. 



9th 

tt So tbU §. both in the Orig* and B. /8 to this Neffe meeting 
G. y bene St. & G. ^ a three milesC 



I ftrcat. % tfiii, 

^aftofi 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 77, 

a 

Matter Bedlaw dwellith at Alfcote. I left his Houfe hard 


by on the lift Hand. And thens I cam to Tarmgtun a a. 
Miles of. 

Tortngton is a great large Toune, and ftondith on the brow 
of an Hille, and hath a g. fair Streates yn it, and a good 
Market every weke, and ons a Yere apon S. MichaePs day 
the heft Fayr in al thofe Quarters. 

In the Toun is but oneraroch Chirch. Dr. Chaumbre is 
perfone thero£ 

The moft parte ly vith there by making of Cloth. 

There is a Mair, and the Toun is privilegid with Libertees. 

The Ry ver of Torege rennith under the rootes of the Hille, 
on the which the Town ftondith m on*, and apon TUrege at 
Torinpon be a. Bridgses of Stone, one cauUid the South 
Brid of 3. Arches of Stone, and another half a Mile lower 
cauUid the Weft Bridge, the which is the greater of the 2. 
and b]^ this Wefte Bridge the way lyith to Hertland that is 
xij. Miles of. 

A litle above the South Bridge ftoode a fair Caftelle apon 
the Brow of the Hille hangging over Torege Ripe, of the 
which at this prefent tyme nothing remainith ftondingbuc 
a negledl Chapelle. 

I lernid there that one Sir Wyllyam of Tortngton was Lord 
pf this Caftel and the Town: for whom and for his Sunne 
they prav )3for"in the Paroche Chirch. 

The King of late tyme gave the Lordfliip ofTorinpon onto 
FitzwlUiams Erie of Hampfwn. 

• Ltth'^Tarington is on an Hille beyond Jiirege Water a Mile 
by South South Wefte, and therby dwellith one Mr. Monk 
a Gentilman. 

There is an Hamlet longging to Tartnpon Toun not a 
Mile by Eft from Tarington caullid S. GiTjs^ wher George 
^Rolles hath buildid a right fair Houfe of Bryke. 

Prz/tf/t Priory is aboute a Mile from r<fri»^/tf». 

From Tartngton over the South Bridg to DefeforJ by hilly foI.^|^ 
: and much encTofid Ground and fum wood an 8. Miles of. 

The Ryver of Turege rifith in a Morifch Ground a j. 
Miles by North Eft from Herteland almoft by the principale 
Hedde of Tamar: and firft rennith South South Eft by a 
few Miles, 

The firft notable Bridge on Turege is Kijjingfun Bndg. 



Then* 



LELANiys itinerary: ' 

Them half a Mile to Fulford Bridg. 

Thcns a a. Miles to ^fWJf/Wi Bridge. 

Thens a %. Miles to Depeford Bridge of ?. Arches*' 

Thens to the South Bridge of Thrin^mi. Or e^er Tiiregi 
cummith iiil to Torington he turnith from the South CO 
North Weft. 

Thens to the Weft Bridge of Thrmgim. 

Thetis to BeJffhrd Bridge about a 4. Miles. 

And a 2. Miles lower is the Confluence of Angv md 
Ta%9. and fo ftrait into SewmbjAc Haven Mouth. 

From Defeford to Lanfioun a xij. Miles by Hilly tnd nmtil 
Morifch Groucxle baren of v Wodde. 

Or ever I cam to LMnfioim by a Mile I ptflid over a 
Bridge of Stone having 9. Arches, and a (huim caulUd IT^y 
3rid^f , thorough the which the Kvvcr of Tkfmsr reonith^ 
that almoft ftom the Hed of it to the nlouth Jtdevidith BfVMS* 
Jbir » from C^Memaule, 

This U€9 Bridge was of the making of the Abbates of 
Tavefick and mainteinyd by them: for Ttvefitie Abbay had 
fair PoffeiCons thereaboute. 

T^e Ryver of Tamar rifith a }. Miles by North Eft from 
HerUla$Ue^ and thens cummith to Tgmertwn^ a Village on 
the Eft Ripe vn Dtv&njhire ; and ther is a Bride over tkmm 
of Stone: andfrom this Bridg to P^^f/tfipxx.Milei. 

Yalme Bridge of Stone a. Miles lower. 

ATinr Br/Vf a. Miles lower. 


P«(^irp Bridge X. Miles lower. 

Grw)?^«r» Bridge a 2. Miles or more lower*' i 

Tdvejhie abont a 4. Mil^s from Cr^em Bridg. and Gr^ 
Jf^n Bridg being about a 9. Miles from Lmmfhm is the waj^ 
from LauMon to Tayefioi, r . . 

JKrwfe Bridg. 
- Another Bridg caullid N5np BnVjf. 

Caulflok? Bridg next the Se begon by Sir Viffe Bggecumh^ 

Z./</^^r^ Bridge is not on TViiMf* 
'^\ After that I had enterid a litle into the Suburbe of lutun-^ 

»«^ 70' j{f,j^^ I p^flid oy^ 4 Brooke cauUid A^er^ that rcnnith fa 
the Botom of the ftepe Hit that Launft^ ftondith on. 



Leg. devidith Devonihir,4«wf Cornewaule. 

I ^ooiit % and for from. 

This 



LELANiyS ITINIRART. ^f 

" This Watcr^ as I there knui}, rifitb a x. Miles of by Weft "^ 

Nortln Weft toward B$imjm^ and paftn^bf JLmmft9B% •go^ 
kh iSin " r<MMir by £ft^ as ( dsd gather, a Ikie above P«/- 
/MP Bvidr. 

After that I had paffid over Aterey I went up bjr the Kilte 
thorough the long Sabarbe ootyilel cam to the Tomi Waul 
and Gate : and &» paffid dsoroof^ the Town confcendan^ the 
Hille ontylle I cam to the vciy Toppe of k, wter rhe Mai^ 
ket Place and cbe IPUrodse Chircb q£ S. Stefhaiu lately re- 
edified be. 

The large and auncient CafteUe of Lsmfitm^ ftondifh oa 
the Knappe of the Hille by South a litle from the P»oclie 
Ctnrcb. mttdt of this Calixl yet ftondkh: and the Mcles 
that the Kepe yftosde is tai ge afld of a terrifc^ hjghdi^, and 
the Arx of it, haviag 9. lieverak Waides, istheftroogeft, b«C 
not the biggift) that evec I fa/w ifl aay atineknt WorlDe ia 

Tbei if a lirie Firle of Water eisat lerach^ the Ug^ Parte 

•fX^^tfUS* SamihWeitfnt 

The Priorie of Latmfi$um ftmdith ^in the Waft pafte of r^i ,,^ 
theSttlmpbe of the Toua usder the Roce of the JiSte bf a ^ ^ 
fair Wood fide^ and thoroweh this Wood rennith-aPtrfcrof 
Waver canumag ooc of an Mil therbf aad fetvick al die Of- 
fices of tl^Ptace. 
In the Chirch I maddd x. nocabte Tumbes, one o£ PlPior 

One atfo told me there that one MMU a Cbsntes was 
buried titer in ti&e Cbapttre Houfe* 

One IWIUiam Wapmtfiy Bisfliop of Mxefftf^^ ereftid this 
Priorie, and was after buried at Blfmt9um PF^ory d)at he aHS»^ 
ereAid. 

' WkfwnJ^ fbr ereAion of 'Lmaifbn' Priory liiip|!^e{fid a Col- 
legiace Chirch of S. »ft5p*«i^ haviag Prefaendarries^, and gave 
the beft part of the Landes of it to Isstrnfiom Pric*y, and 
toke the fecfidew hymfelf. 

There yet ftandith a Chirch oC Sk Stephan aboia: half a 
Mile from LMmfhuT^ on a HiUe wher the Collegiate Chirch 
was.^ f 

Gswen Carow hath the Cuftody of the Priory. 



^ golth into Tamar G. /3 Into B. y flandeth on is &c. G. 
Z.fg* eitm B. ftandeth on is &a. * in t%e Stmthe Weftfvrfeof 
the Suhtr^ St. in the Wtfi South Weft part of the Suhurh (r. 
Sic 'm AHto^High^. In the Weft Somh Wefl: part of tfie ^. 
in B* 

There 



8o LELAND'S ITINERARY; 

Fol.7»- There is a Chapelle by Weft North Weft a litle without 
LMMMp&wmededicztetoS.CMtsnrifu. it is now prophaoid. 

From Launfton to Botreaux Caftelie, vulgo Bofca/le/^ firft 
a 1. Miles by enclofid Ground having fum Woodde and 
good Come. 

Thens an 8. Miles by Morifch and Hilly Ground and 
great fcarfite of Wod, infomuch that al the Councery tfaer- 
about brennith Firres and Hethe. 

And thens a x. Miles to Bofcafiel by endofid Ground 
metely frutefiil of Corne but exceding baren of Wood, to 
the wnich the Bleke Northen Se is not there of Nature fa- 
vorable. 

The Toun of Bofcafielle lyith apon the Brow of a rokky 
Hille by South Eft, and fo goith doun by lenght to tbcNorthe 
toward the Se^ but not even ful hard to it. 

It is a very nlthy Toun and il kept. 

There is a Chirch in it, as I remembre, of S. Stn^berum. 

The Lorde Botnaux was Lord of this Toun. a man of an 
old Comiflj Linage, and had «a Maner Place a Thing, as far as 

I could of fmaul Reputation, as it is now. far 

^ jSonwonhe the name of a Caftel. The People ther cauUe it 

the Courte. 

Ther cununith down a litle broke from South Eft out of 
the Hilles therby, and fo renning by the Weft (kle of the 
Towne goith into Severn Se betwixt 2. Hylles, and ther 
maketh a pore Havenet, but of no certaine falvegarde. 

One of the Hungrefordes maried y with of the Heires ge- 
nerale oi Botreaux: and fo Bofcaftel cam to Hunxrefard. 

Then cam Bofcafielle by an Heir Generale of the Hunpe^ 
fordes onto the Lord Hafisnges. 

Haftinges Erie of Huntendtme and the late Lord Unwgre^ 
ford had a Lordfhip of the Botreaux in partition caullid Vatke. 
and ther is a Manor Place or Caftelet. It is a vj. Miles 
from Botreaux by South. 

Ther is no very notable Toun or Building from BotreoMX 

by Eft North Eft a long apon the Shore upper on Severn to 

Hertlsnd point but Strettoun. and that is xij. Miles from 

Fol 7^ Botreaux. and ther is a praty Market, it ftondith about a 

Mile from the Se. 

There is a Place nere to Stretton caullid EUin^ord^ but 



m a Manor Tlace offmatl Reputation^ as It is »a», far nmoor" 
ihy St. a Manor Place^ a things as far as I could beare of fmaul 
Ref. as it is now^ far unworthy G. /8 Unworthy B. y With 



now 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. Ji; 

now comniunelv Efford^ whtr John Arundale of 'Retlfe was 
borncj and hatn a fair Maner Place : in the which Syr John 
Chaumon now dwellith, that mailed the Mother yet lyving 
of John ArundaU of Trertfe^ 

Olde J^eviliane^ a man of pratie Land but cumming of % 
Youngger Brother of the chife Houfe of that Name, dwellith 
toward Stretton at a place cauUid . « * • • • 

Hertland Point is a x. Miles upper on Severn from Strettoun* 

From Botreaux to Tredewy Village on the Shore about a 
Myle : and ther cummith downe a Broke rifing in the gret 
rokky Hilles therby. 

From Thedewi to BoJJinny on the Shore about a Mile. 

This BoJJennj hath beene a bygge thing for a Fifchar 
Town, and hath great Privileges grauntid onto it* A Man 
may fe there the Ruines of a gret numbre of Houfes. 

Here alfo cummith down a Broke, and this Brook and 
Jred^ W^ter refort to the Se at one Mouth bytwixt ij. 
Hilles ; wherof that that is on the Eft fide lyith out lyke aa 
Arme, or Cape, and makith the Fafcion of an Havenet, or 
Pere, whither Shippeletres fumtime reforte for foccur. 

A Frere of late dayes toke apon hym to make an Haven at 
this Place, but he litle prevailid theryn. 

There ly %. blake Kokkes as Iflettes at the Weft North 
Weft point or fide of this Creeke. the one, (aving a Gut of 
Water, joyning to the other. And yn thefe brede Guiles 
be al lykelihod. 

From Bo^nny «to fi Tintagel Cz&el on the Shore a Mile. 

This Caftellehath bene a imarvelus ftrong and notable for- 
teres, and ilmo&fitu loci ^tnexpugnahile^ efpecially for the 
Dungeon that is on a great y an high terrible cragge envi- 
ronid with the Sc, but having a Draw Bridge from the Refi- 
dew of the Caftelle onto it. 

There is yet a Chapel ftanding withyn this Dungeon of S. 
Ulette alias Uliane. Shepe now fede within the Dungeun. 

The Refidew of the Buildinges of the Caftel be fore we* 
ther beten and yn Ruine. but it hath beene a large thinge. 

This Caftel ftondith in the Paroche of D^evenny. and the 
Paroch therof is of S» Sym^horian ther cauUid Simifertdn. 

« to Tintagelji o^Dindagel,jl^/^St. ^ Sit in Autoffa^ 
pho. Sed Dindlgel fn^ra 7in. Tintagel tantummodo in B« 
y andhlghG. AndB. " *^ .. 



1 OBtrvcltts. % tnexpibikabl«. 

VcJ. 2. ' L Faffing 



n 



U tELANiyS ITINERARY. 

roL 74. Pftfiing a Mile from the Chircb of & Symftmrim by Hlf 
and Hetby Ground 1 cam over a Brooke liiac r«n irom iiaii 
Eft North to Severn Se, and about half a Myle beyoiMid im 
Mouth of this Brook lay a great Blak rok lyke «o Ifltt ]» 
the Se not far from the Shore. 

Fofthijfek a FifTchar Village lyith about a }• W^m fromAe 
Mouth of thafore fayd grook lower by Weft oa jlcwflrvStmt. 

There refortith a Broke to Fvrtinjfei: and tbe^ iff a F^e 
and fum focour for Fiflchar Botes. 

Tortbgwn a FiiTchar Village lyith a i* Mile^ lQW«r qo Ac 
Shore, and there is the Ifliie of a Broke and a Pereu 

And a %. Miles lower i$ the Mouth of Fit4efiam Hotqd* 

From DindageUe to S. Ej^fe Village a 4. Miles. 

Meately good Ground about S. Efes felfe. 

From S. Effe to TreliUe Village a. Miles. 

From TreuUe to wher Mafter Cmmirvifi alias 

Cfrji^ hath a pntty Houfe^ fair Qrouud> and praty Wood 
about it. 

Thens 3. Miles by good Corne Grounde but no Wood 
to WadeMdge. 

Wher ,as now Waiehridge is ther wiis a Fcry a 80. Yercs 
fyns, and Menne fumtyme pojQSng over by Horle ftoode 
often in great Jeqpardie. 

Then one Lovetone^ Vkar of WadetriJge^ movid with 
f itie began the Bridge, and with great Paine and Studie, 
good People putting » their Help theno, finifliid it with xvq. 
feiir and great uniforme Arches of Stone. 

One told me that the Fundation of certein of tharcfaea was 
firft fette on fo qu>k fandy Ground that Lstvetone almofr de- 
ipairid to performe the bridg ontyl fuch tymc as he layed 
r^es of WoUe for Fundation. 

The Ryver of Alawne rennith thorough Wadekrldge evi- 
d.entely feen at lower* 

The firft memorable Bridge on Ala»e is caullid HelbMit 
Bridge • • • Miles lower then CMmilferdie^ but Alsnt is al- 
mpft a Mile from Camilfwd Toun. 

Dunmere Bridge of 3. Arches a i- Miles lower. Here 
doth Alaune Ryver ren within a Mile of Bodmym. 

WadeMduz 3. Miles lower by Land and 4. by Water. This 
is the loweft Bridg on Alane. 



a a'i. Miles'] Mut %. Mies G. 



I. (Mr ^e]p wrk twMk 

Ther 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. Jf 

[ler Cummith a Broke from S, Effe v. Mylcs from Wade- ^^^*JJ' 
^^ and a litle above Wai^htidgf goith into AldUB by the'^"' * 
£i^Hc of die Haven> 

ke rifirh a 1. Miles above S»E^ by Eft North Eft^, 
jmmith a Brooke from Mr* i&rff^/iy'j Houfe and 
goic^^^ AUne by che £fl fide of the Haven a 3* MUet 
low^^^k WAieiftidgt. and here is a Creeke at the Mouth 
of th^^Hc>^c tliar Ebbith and Flowith up into the L^nd. 

y parting from Dttnmere Brid^ toward E^dmyn 

' 1 praty Broket thoroug a Bridge of one Srone 

licle vray beyond DMnmer Bridge; and a Utie 

nto j^AKt byticthe Dxitmer Bridge by the Weft 

f. 

roke iervith the Millei and rcnnich by the Eft 
ownof B^^v», 
ith a Brooke into ^/^M^ about a i* Miles 
e Bridg on the Weft Ripe* 
rifith by South Eft : and at S. Laurence fcant 
odmyn I pafTid over a Bridge on this Water 
chafe^ 

dge to Vadefioi^ a good quik Fifchar Toun 
tea 4- Miles, 

auncient bering the Name of "L^tntk in 
Eri^iifch after the trew and «old Writinges 
ATht!pam hens* 

chere takith King AidfidiH for the chief 
s onto it. 

rchofP-7^f/7tf*^isOf S 

Srtt^Mt with fmaul Shippes to reforte to 
moditees of their Couctery and to by 



there 
Archi 
lower 
Ripe 

This^ 
Ende 01 

Then 
bycicth 

This 
9. Mile 
In the wa 

From 
but oQclei 

This T 
Comtfche^ 
AdelfioTp, 

And the 
Gevcrof Pr! 

The Paro 

There ufe 
Tadejiim wit 
Fifcbc. 

The Toun 

Fadejio-of is CgI 

Vmdtfiw T01 
Mouth. 

From the Mi 
\ * . Milci! 

From Wade, 
to BodmyTt. 

Bodmyfi h 
the Con flue; 



Qw is fill of Irifch Men, 
e Wefte fide of the Haven. 
[V a . , , * Miles from the very HavcQ 

[of Fadefi^'^ Haven to l^.Cofantokes a Foi.7^; 

^o Dumnere a 3. Miles, and theos a Mile 

larket on every Saturday lyke a Fair for 
[People. 



« old I 
Car^ncob 



^ ts ofS^, G* V if a miUfrom G- *" ^* 



fyh St 



La 



Ttc 



I 



84 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

The Showe and the Principale of the Toun of Badmy'n 
from Weft to Eft along in one Streate. 

•I There is a Chapel of S at the Weft Endeof 

the Toune. 

The Paroch Chirch ftandith at the Eft End of the Town 
ftnd is a fair large Thyng. 

There is a Cantuarie Chapel at the theft Ende of it. 

The late Priory of Blake Chanons ftoode at the Eft Ende 
of th^ Paroch Chirch Yard of Boimjne. S. Tetrtms i^ras Pa- 
trone of this and fumtyme dwellyd ther. 

There hath bene Monkes, then Nunnys, then Seculare 
Preftes, then Monkes agayn, and laft Canons Regular in S. 
Petrokes Chirch yn Bodmjne. 

WiUyam Warlewijl Bisfhop of Excefire eredid the laft Fun- 
dation of this Pnofy ; and had to hymfelf part of thaun- 
cient Landes of Bodmyn Monafterie. 

I faw no Tumbes in the Priory very notable, bat Ttmm 
Vivtanes late Prior ther and Suffragane by the » Title of the 
Bisfhoprike of Me^arenfe. 

The Shrine and Tumbe of S. Fetrok yet ftondith in theft 
PartoftheChirche. 

There was a good Place of Gray Freres in the South fide 
of Bodmyn Town, 
pol. 77, One John of London a Merchaunt was the Beginner of this 
Houfe. Edmund Erie of Comewaul augmentid it. 

There lay buried in the Gray Freres Sir Hugb^znd Sir Tho- 
mas Feverelle Knightes^ and Benefaftors to the Houfe. 

There is another Chapel in Bodmyn befide that in the 
Weft *Ende of the Toune, and an Almofe Houfe, but not en- 
dowid with Landes. 

The Toune of Bodmyn takith King Edefjfame for the chief 
Eredlor and Gyver of Privileges (5hto it. 

From Bodmyn to S^ Columhss 8. Miles. 

From Bodmyn to S. Laurence^ wher is a pore Hofpital or 
Laxar Houfe beyond the Bridge^ about a Mile. 

Thens a v. Miles by Hilly and Mory Ground, and fo ther 
left an Hille cauUid Caftelle Endinas leant a Mile of on the 
Right Hond. 

« There is a ChapeB at the Weft Ende of the Toune St, Ab Au* 
?ogr. non difcedit G. nifi quod 5^ pro S. habeat. 



I tile. 2 End, | 

Thens 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 85 

Thens to Mschal a poore thorougfore iia 4. Miles by Hilly 
and much /8 Morifch and no Wood. 

Thens to Alalne Paroche a i. Miles. The Ground about 
j4lein berith good Come and Grafle. 

Thens a Mile to Guemek. 

There is very good Come and Pafture about Guemek. 

Guemek a late was one of the Maner Places of BoviBe alias 
BeviUe. This Name cam out of Bafe Normandy^ and long 
continuid ther ontylle of late tyme it felle onto a. Doughters 
of BoviUe^ wherot the one was marycd onto ArundaU of 
Trerlfe now lyving. 

The other to Granevitte: and (b they devide almoft 300. 
y Markes of Lande. 

# 
m a five Mies G . fi Morifch Grounde and no Wood G. Adde 
Grounde cum B. y Markes of Lande'] After this there fol- 
low a great many Things in B and G. which really belong 
to the firft Part of the VlIItH. Vol. where I have publifli'd 
them in their proper Place according to the direflion of the 
Original, 



The End of the Second Volume of Mr. 
LsLAifo's Itinerary. 



AN 



AN ACCOUNT 

Of feveral Antiqjjitibs in and about the 
University oiOXFORD. 



A pmicHiAf Account §. I, ^T may perhaps be lookM upon as a mtt- 
of lie ^;,#i^i.,fi», in I terofnofmallwonder.thataPerfonof 

;? •^^x^'RD^tfti; X. Mr.ieW, emaordmal^ iMf, and 

csfpeaed from Mr. rji inquiutive GemtuSj Ihould not^ wbea he 

i^»d. *Ti$ probable had fo fair an opportunity, give us an exsS and 
that he made r,fc5,vii» partteular Account of the leveral tteUgiom$ Bwfes 
^.K;;^fo^ y,! and other ^/,«^i« in and about thAjmvcdty 
ifoy u of O X F o R D . He had learch d a great many Xii- 

Irarles^ and confulted and made ExtraBs from 
the moft authenUck MSS. and the large Commijjfon he had 
received from his Royal Mafter lodg'd in him a Power dF Ex- 
amining whatever Fafers he had occafion for in framing and 
carrying on the Great Work he had defign'd ; and for that 
reafon he was better qualify'd that any other Perfon for 
drawing up Relations of the Original of any Flace^ and of 
the feveral Antiquities belonging to it. Ana as he had been 
a Member of the Umverpty of O X F R D in his nnnger Years, 
and was, fometimc after he had finifli'd his TVavels^ honoured 
with a Canonry^ or Frehendfhip^ * of K I N g's College, 
now Chris t-C h u r c h, in the fame Univerltty ; fo one 
would think that in point of Gratitude he fliould in his De- 
fcription of Cities^ Torons^ &c. have given us a fuU and an 
accurate Relation of the mofi remarkable Antiquities of O x- 
F o R D and of the Vlaces adjacent. But inftead of this, abat- 
ing; fome fliort Memorials Icatter'd up and down in his Col- 
ieElanea^ he has thought fit, after he has touched upon the 
Caftle and O^ney Abbey, and juft mentioned Rewh^ to take 
his leave of it, and diredt his courfe to other Places of lefi 
confideration. The reafon of which Omiffion 'tis probable 
was this, viz. that when he was a Toung Man and a Student 



ti Ashen. Qxon. VqI. !• col. 6?, 

in 



A^ A(C$MMt 0ffmi Amtiqiuties &c. 
in this Vmvtrfity he had, through the ftreagth of bis Naiurml 
Genius^ made smfle C^tUBkns concerning the Biftary and 
u^Tii^uities of that and of other Ffaces thereabouts^ which, 
with what he had got together after the Grant of the King's 
Cammtgiom^ he judg'd would be a fufScient and juft Fuwd 
for writing ^fiOAccemt of that itwdimt and fmsft Jfyjirijbiiu 
ihftvitftjtj and for fettling the Hifaty of thofe other notea 
plants that border'd upon u. Nor wul this fuppofition feem 
sifurJ^ if we do but confider that all Emimmt Amtifnaricf 
have even from their mcft temdn Years been carry^d on to 
coUeiS: M^UrUls for tixtix fitture Wtkst and that we have 
undoubted Evidence that iucb of them as have been edu* 
cated in Oxforj> have, during their Refidence there, 
made ic one part of their Bufineis to view the Churthis ana 
Chapiils in and about it, and to take Copies of aU the moft 
maiiriMi hfaripthus they could ^nd belonging to theau 
They did not look upon this as a Fdiigufy and a dry^ itfehfi 
Work; but thought it a Revreatian^ a riece of Juftice due to 
the Memory of their famms Br^dtieffinsy and a fi^al A£t 
of Fietfy fuch as would derive a Bhffing upon it, and raiie 
the Devotion of all €9Mfider^e Perfons. 'Twas from this 
motive that Mt.Camden^ when he was Vnd^r^Graduate of 
Christ-Church in this Vniverfky^ did, with feveral 
other Tomtt^ Gentlemen of the fame m^ji NoUt and FUuryUng 
Society^ make a Journey it to IVMngfordy and take a view 3i 
the Rnim of that amiemt Town, The fame Principle fpurrM 
him on to enter and furvey all the Churches and Chafeh in 
Ox F o R IX, and to give an Account of the feveral Mawmmts 
and C9dts o£ Arms in them. This he did in a Book he had 

ErcparM for that purpc^ ; but where that Book is mnp, and 
ow it may be leen, is at prelent uncertain. Mr. lV9od 
oftentoidtneleamedDr.THOM A s Sm ith^ that be had 
feen it ; but he could not be induc'd to declare in whofe 
Poffeffion it was, and how a Sight of it misht be procured. 
r Nor has Mr. Wbod mentiooM it in his Mbv$4g Qxommfes ; 



« Britan. pag.a 04* Edit. opt. /3 Ita in Chaitk. MSS. quas 
mihi moriens, pro liimma fua in me benevolentia, legavit 
ipfe Smithus. De hac re vide quoque Smithi vitam Cam^ 
dent pag, xu» ubi ad ojram libri notat, Colledaneorum bo- 
xum rragmenta quaedam exftare apud V .CI .D. Hewfkum Sam-^ 
G^^rgium Ciarentium* y 2^^ bos iVr. Wood memtim'd it'] 
Mr* Wood indeed mentions the B^^k in his j^hemic Oxa». 
and withal tells us that he had feen and perus'd it j but he 
gives not the leafl: Hint ia whofe poflel&on it was, or how 

others 



where however he ctket notice m due anodier ExeelUwi Jb^ 
tiftarj^ Mr. WtUimm l^iej^ did, for diverfioa bkf^ diinn| 
his AtKxie in AdSErW-College, make feveral CoUe^ioiis ot 
j^rms from Mtmmmemts and Wiwdvms in Cbkrcbes and tifewbm 
in and near Ox for d^ and chat at the fame time ne col'^ 
leded a great number of Remarks from Leiger^ B ^ ^ s^ that 
had formerly belonged to MomMfteries in thcfe PmtU: all 
which CdBedions at length came into Mr. W—JPs Hands, 
and were of admirable lervice to him in compiling not only 
the Athemig but the Hiftory and AmlfmHies of OxFO&n. 
Nor were the CoUeSsoms aifo of Mr. Miks WimdfrM (who 
was a more judicious Antifuary than Mr. IfWi/, nocwitb- 
ftanding he Ipeaks /3 di&efpedltully of him) and Mr. Brum 
Twyme upon tne fame Sn^eS of lefs Service in carrying oa 
thofe elalforau and afefuf Works. I might here mention o- 
thers that fpent a good part of their Time in the fame man- 
ner, whilft in their Younger Years, they were Memtei^s di 
the Univerfiy of Oxford^ but what has been faid may 
ferve in fome meafure to (hew that 'tis highly p]X>bable that 
Mr. Lelami^ whofe Gemus was not inferior either to Mt.Gmn 
Jif^s or to any one's eife, during his flay at Oxford, made 
fo good ufe of his time, as to coUeft Imfcriftioms from 
Monuments in Churches and Chapels^ and to gather diven 
Fafages from MSS. and other Booksy and to receive fiich 
Informations from the hefi Hands^ as would ht o( ufo and 
fervke to him afterwards when he Ihould fet about znyWork 
that would tend to the Uludxation of our National Amti^ui-* 
ties. And 'tis not unlikely, but this was one End of his com* 
ing hither from Cambridge^ where perhaps he had imploy'd 
himfelf with equal Induflry in the fame lauiahle Undertmkmg* 
But his Colle&ions (as I have obferv'd in the Preface to the 
frft Folume) being afterward difpers'd in feveral Hands, and 
receiving abundance of Damage^^ 'tis no wonder if many of 
his Papers quite perifli'd, amongft which might be thofe con- 
cerning Oxford, efpecially if they carried the Antiquity 
of it higher than Camhtdge^ and fell into the Hands of a Per^ 
fin that envied that Piece oi Glory ^ (if indeed it may be look'd 
upon as juft caufe of Glory) to O x f o R d. 



others might get a view of it. Nor does he take any notice 
of Mr. Camden* s fetting down an Account of our OXFORD 
Monuments whilft he was a Young Man^ and refident as a Mem^ 
ter in the Vniverfity n Vol. i. col. jdg. /8 Vol. i. col. 



§. 2. But 



tn and about O 2t P o ft D. 89 

§. a. But the want of thefe Tapers of Mr. Leiand 
has been, in great meafure, fuppiyd by the IVtit- . ^°* ^^" •^ 'j^« 
ings of Mr, Twjne and Mr. JVocd, The tormer be- fur€7''fopplyM*by"tho 
fore he was thirty Years of Age writ and publifh'd induftry oi Mr. T»yn§ 
in 4to. an excellent and ufefulliook in Latin call'd and Mr. »•#<<. 
Antiquitatis Academta Oxonienfis Apologia^ tn tres 
lilfros divtfa. He was from his Touth to the urnioft Period of 
his Life a Perfon of Jlrange^ unaccountable Induftry^ and he 
laid out his whole Time and Pains (to his ^f^rW Honour) 
in this particular fort of Learning, His Diligence is very ma- 
nifeft in the Book, and in it he has fliew'd no lefs Judgment. 
He has withal produced fuch Irrefragable and nnJUnjable 
Proofs of the Antiquity of Oxford againft the mofi learned 
Dr. John Cay of Cambudge^ that they continue hitherto, as it 
were, unanlwer'd; and there is Variety of other Particulart 
fcatter'd up and down the Work^ which with the Apfendicet 
clearly pomt out and difcover to us the Original of many 
Places and Cuflomes in and about that Unlverfity. As by this 
Work the Author defervedly obtained the Name and Reputa* 
Hon of being a mofi Indefatigable and skillful Antiquary^ fo 
the Univtrfity of Oxford, in token of their Efteem and 
Refped for him, and to gratify him for the Pains he had 
generoufly taken not only in that Work, but in helping to 
compile the Body of the Statutes of the Unlverfity^ eleaed 
and conftituted nim their firft Cuj^os Archlvorum j which 
Flace he held and injoy'd to his dying day, to the no fmall 
Cre^t of the Unlverfity^ and with equal Honour to himfelf. 
During th|at time he rang'd and digefted all the Books and 
Fapers^ belonging to his Office^ in due Order ^ and added di- 
vers excellent and vfeful Notes and Obfervattons to many of 
them, which have been of admirable Jervice to his Succejforsi 
and he inlarg'd his Apology to a much greater Bulk^ which he 
defimM to have reprinted: but upon his Death, the Copy, 
in which thofe f*tftf//(p»f -/f<{W/Vw»f were inferted, was it, with 
feveral other Tapers of ineJHmable Value^ unfortunately loft • 
and therefore Nfr. Wood^ when he fet himfelf in good eameft 
about compiling his great Work of the Usfiory and Antiquities 
of the fame Untverfity^ was obliged to fearch and examin a- 
new all thofe Tapers and Books that had been confulted long 
before by Mr.Twjne^ whofe CoUeBlons^ had they been pre- 
ferv'd, would, in lome degree, have easM him in that 
Drudgery. Mr. Wood's Defign was of a much more extenfive 
nature, beginning his Hifiory with the moft early Accounts 
of the Unlverfity^ and carrying it on by way of Annals, tp 

ii Atben. Oxon. Vol. II* col« i8. 
Vol. a M the 



Am Actmrnt tffami AMtifMitief 
the lire giegsl and FMstUsl yipu$km ; and bdng not C€ik 
tent with a tnre Wftmj of the Aff(urs of the JJaivtrfij ia 
genera], he took in allthe OBiges and Hafir, gjtYC us ptr- 
cular Defcriftkms of cacb^ and related whaterer he rooni 
moft remarkable concerning them. In this It^i we have a 
Isrge and diligewt Relation cf moft of the M^Ggf^mt Bm^$ 
iformerlj fi:uated in Oxford. Not only their Orj^nd^ 
but the RemefMBsomSj and moft Emiment Men belonging to 
them, are diibncUy difcours'd of by the Amtbmr^ who coi&* 
pil*d the Wink in Emglijb ; but Mr. ^pfM^f having been done 
in l>i:nr, and it being more for the Credit of the Umvaftf 
to have fuch a Book publilh*d in that Ijofmrngi^ tfamt Qna 
and G^i Man Bp Fe l l got it tranflated into X-j^hr, and 
he reduc'd it into better Ori.r and Mett^dj by cutting off 
abundance of FmrtlcuUrs that were trivisl zjoA Jmftffimij 
and by adding others that he judg'd altogether jCr ^cmlwn^* 
fffj : by this means confulting the Tame and Hmmmr both cf 
the Uttiveffitf and the AMtb§r. The Bp. (being one of the 
iefi and one of the mofi PuUick fflrlted Men that this lUtim 
ever produc'd) was at the whole Charge of the TyMfatim 
kimfelf ; and when finifli'd he put it to the Trefs^ and took 
care to have it printed all at his own Expenfe«. Had Mr. 
§food done notlung elfe, this very Wnk would have been a 
noUe Aidlt'fm to Mr. LtUnJPs CMeSums^ and no finaU &- 
titfaakn for the Lofs of his Fspers upon the fame SatytS. 
Yet he did not ftop here but proceeded to draw np a mnp- 
pitMt Hi fiery of all the Lemmei Men educated in the CWwr- 
fiij of Oxford from the Year md. to the end of the 
Year mdcxc. Which Work he begun, carried^ on and fi- 
nilhM with tnereHUe htdufiry^ and in it he has retrieved fe- 
vera! ufeful Notices of Things which otherwife would have 
been vhettjf loft; tho' ^is pity the Authmr had not permitted 
Tome of his judiaems znAfattlfkl Friends to read it over b^re 
he committed it to the Frefs. Befides thefe fuUsflfd Works, 
he bequeathe at his Death (which happen'd on the aSm 
of Novemker in mdcxcv. after a Strangury of ;. Weeks Con- 
tinuance, without any Fain) a moft valuable Colledion of 
MSS. Books and Fapers to the Univerfity^ to be prefervM in the 
JOufium Ajbmoleanum ; where they were foon after depo- 
fitedj and they (together with other Fapers^ which were left 
by him to a private Friend) will be ot wonderful Service to 
any one that ihall undertaKc to draw up a farther Account 
of the Antifuities of Ox F o R d, or fhali think fit to write 



m At hen. Oxon. Vol. II. col. 6q6. 

die 



InsnJMloi/tOxvoKD. ft 

the jiMtiqutties of Oxford-Shire in the fame method 
that SixWfBtam DitgdaU did the Afftifrntses oi Warmtck-fbire. 
For Mr. Wood did not in his CotteBions confine himfelf wholly 
to Ox F o R D, but took in all the mted Tlaces in that County ; 
and I am apt to think that he once defignM to have written 
the Antifuitses of it. 'Twas for that reafon, it mav be, that 
when he was a youtfg Manmhe travell'd over moft; Parts of 
the Coumf^ J vifited the feveral C*»r^*#x he came to. took down 
the hffirtftsons he found in them, and colleAed all the O^- 
fervations he poOibly could that he thought would any ways 
ferve to illuftrate their AmtiqMities. In this Study he was 
much favoured by Mr, afterwards Dr, Thomss Bttrlom the 
tbief Keeper of the Bodlbjan Likrarj at that time ; in 
which Uirary Mr.IFoodwzs ^fevere Student, and read over, 
with much Pleafure and no lefs SatisfaSton^ all the Books dl 
EngRJb Antiquities that he could meet with ; but after a due 
Confi^tation with himfe^MA with Friends upon the matter, 
he at laft confined himfelf to the Umverfky of Oxford* 
and the Produft of his IMours and Studies were thfc printed 
Books before fpoken of, which are frodighus in their kind, 
and plainly fhew the Compiler to have been a Man of a mofi 
f^^f^pH (^emusj of b, prying Temper^ and of a mog undaunted 
Courage. He was framed by nature for the Study of Englijb 
Hfftory and Antiquities-^ and 'twas that Study which he pro- 
secuted with unufual Mufiry and AppRcation. He was free 
from AmUtson^ and was ay^j^^/InAancc of Self-Denyal. His 
Method of Study was even and uniform^ and he ipent his 
whole time for the fa^e of the Fi^W/Vit, which (notwithftand- 
ing feveral things oiight to have been retrench*d and cut off € 
in his Writings) fuflfer*d much by his Loft : and 'twas not 
without good reafon that a very learned Dsvine of the Church 
of England made the following ex tempore Diftich upon him 
the fame Morning he died : 

Certa Cantabrix, terta de fide vetufla : 
Defen/ore fuojam caret Oxo N i a. 
$. ?. If the Works and CotteSioms of Mr. Twyne 
and Mr. Wood be looked upon and cfteemM as a ^ ^^^ Jy^^f ^ 
mth Aceeffion to the Difciveries of Mr. Leland, ^iTtSi d?"*!^ 



m So in The Diarie of the life of Anthony \ Wood, IB- 
fi^ri^Srapberofthefamousllniveffty ofO:i£oTi.lAS. ACify 
of Part of which ^ reacbiogto the latter End of Q&oUt 
MDCLix, is now in the Hands cf a particular Friatd^ and, 
by his Aivf aifi I have had a ir4»pen$ wm otiu 

Mz and 



9^ Aii Account offime Ant/qMities 

^•c'-Abbcy qoice dc- and as an excellent Sufplement to that part of his 

S!^a KoJd'JL'^*'^*" ^'^^^^^ *at concerns Oxford, what will be 

Sue unhappily ' uk?n j^^g'^ of them when we add the Remarks and Ot- 

off from chofe Studies fervattons of Dr. Langbam and Dr. WsUis f Thefe 

\nh\t iMtttrD^yt, Tilt two eminent Divines^ being Succejfors to Mr. 

S^?»/!r»-.f7f't M^ '^'^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ °f ^^t/'^^ Archhuorum^ were c- 
•mtm found there in qually indufittous in reading over and reducing in- 
iiDGCT. to order all the Recordt^ Charters and other Mum^ 

ments relating to the Unherjity that propcrlv be- 
long to the Duty of Cuftos Archivorum. They were always 
very x^ealous in defending the Prhtleges of the Untverfity^ and 
in putting a timely Stop to the Ixcroachments of her ^«A JBie- 
m'les. They underftood their Buf:nefs (o perfedly well, that 
they could upon all occafions immediately produce Papers in 
fuch Suits as related to the Unherftty^ and were aUe and 
fvhtile Advocates in dating the feveral Cafes^ and iblving what 
ever Difficulties were rais'd about them. And as they were 
Men of far better Learning and judgment than Mr. Wood*j 
io their Notes and Ohjervations (efpecially thofe of Dr. Lang'- 
tain) will be of unfpeakahle Service to any one that (hall here- 
after undertake to purge Mr. IVood^s Books of their feveral 
Faults^ and to make fuch Improvements as are fit anJ necef- 
fary: which Performance will in no firall degree redound to 
the Reputation and Credit of the Univerfity. When fome 
ifualijy^d Perfon fhall in good earneft fet about fo mkrtby an 
Undertaking^ at the fame time he will take all poffible Care 
to give Form^ Life^ and Beauty to the other vajl Bulk of 
Materials that are lodg'd in the Archives of the Scfoool-Tlmer^ 
% as well as in the Archives of fome other Places in the Um- 

'verjityy and, laying afide all Prejudice and Partiality^ will in 
every refped ad the Part oi z faithful as well as wife Hsfio^ 
rian^ *Tis to fuch a one therefore that I leave the fartner 
Difcuffion of this Affair^ and in the mean time I I'hall con- 
tent mv felf with fuch Particulars as more immediately con- 
cern Mr. Lela?id^ and fhall infift upon fome Remarks which 
are the Refult of my own Olfervat:on^ and are only a Specie 
• men of a great number of others which I have had an op- 
portunity of making during my Repdence in O x f o R d. And 
here I (hould begin with Ofney^ and make fome Additions to 
what has been faid by Mr. Leland^ but that there is fo little 
now remaining of the Abbey ^ that to one, that is not already 
apprised of the matter^ 'tis very difficult to difcover whether 
here had been formerly a Religious Houfe or not ? Before the 
DefiruBion made in the late horrid Rebellion (againft King 
Charles the Firft ) the Tower of the Churchy and divers 
opher Parfs were fbmding, as may be feen in the fecond Vor 

lume 



lame of the MtmaftkonAnglicanum^^^ where they are delineated 
by the Care and at the Charge of the late Mr. John Aubrey^ 
who began the Study of Antiquities very early when he was 
Gentleman^Commoner of TV/w/^-College in Oxford, and 
had no Imonftderahle Skill in them, as may appear from his 
Hsftory of the Antiquities i>/ Wilt-fliire, his Native Country^ 
now remaining in the Muffum Ajbmoleanum^ which Work 
xho^ ImperfeS and linfnlJVd^ yet evidently fhews that he could 
write well enough upon a SuijeBj to the Studv of which he 
was led by a Natural Inclination ; and the World might have 
juftly expefted other curious and vfeful Notices of Things 
from him, both with refped to the Antiquities of O x f o r d 
as well as thofe in his own and other Countries^ had not he 
by his intimate Acquaintance with Mr. A^mole in his latter 
Years too much indulged bis Vancy^ and wholly addifted him- 
felf to the Whlmfeys and Conceits of Aftrologers^ Sooth-Savers^ 
and fuch like Ignorant and fuferflltlous Writers^ which have 
jio Foundation in Nature^ Phllojbphy^ or Reafon. But not- 
withftanding this unhappy Avocation^ which brought /»»«- 
merable Inconveniences along with it, ne was otherwife a very 
Ingenious Man, and the World is indebted to him for fo care^ 
fully preferving the Remains of this old Abbey of Ofney^ and 
for aflifting Mr. Wood and others in their Searches after Antl^ 
qultleSy and furni(hing them with fever al excellent Memoirs 
concerning this as well as other Monajlerles of this Kingdom. 
Now tho* I have nothing new to obierve about this Abbey ^ 
yet at a fmall diftance fi-om it oA the North fide we have 
lome confiderable Remains now ftanding of another Abbey^ 
call'd Rewly^ {Roy-lieu^ or Regalls locus) fo nam*d from it's 
being founded by Richard^ fecond Son of King John^ Earl 
of Cornwall^ and King of the Romans. The Place^ where 
this Abbey ftood, is in old Wrltinis frequently caird North- t 
Ofney ; and the Abbey was firft defign'd for Secular Trlefis^ 
but thefe were afterwards, vi%. in the Year mcclxxxi./s 
chang'd by Edmund Earl of ComwaB, Son to the forefaid 
Richard J into an ^bbat and fifteen Monks of the Clfiertlan 
Order. I do not think it worth my while here to take 
notice of and inlarge upon the Arms of the Earls of Com» 
waDy (now to be fcen at the Entrance into Rtwh-Houfe) 
the Images of fome of the Apofiles^ ( as St. Andrew^ St. 
Thomas^ &c.) in a Clofet on the South fide of the Houfe^ the 
Arms painted in a Window going up Stairs \, the Coyns of 
King Henry the VIII*, and others, fometimes dug up here^ 

« Pag. 1^6. fi See Manafi* Angh Tom* i • p» 9 94. b« 

but 



f4 Ajkimmi^fim,. 

but I (bill rather giTe an Accowit of niodier Svc of J^ 
wamemi^ cfaic has been found latcTj here, bf vfaidi the 1^ 
fxxir that is doe to the Mtmttj of a mMt and fmu JJij 
is hidulj retrieved. Aboot the middle o£Jmfy m mdcc?. 
hearing chat a Simte with adJ CtmrmSen on it waa dog nf 
a little before at Rtwijy I had the Coriofitf fame time after 
to go and take a view of it. I prefently law that 'twas t 
JtfnmpAtf of feme vslme^ and after I had writ down the Jb- 
fcr'iftiam upon it, my opinion of it increa^d^ and I ibon re- 
folv'd with my felf to purchafe and feaire ic fay puttiag k 
in fome fuUick PUie. After I had agreed with the Ommt, 
I had it convey'd to the BmUejsm tb^§ftmj^ irtiere it now 
continues, and for better Sm^sXm to thofe diat are a- 
Thus in thefe Imfames^ due Care has been taken to have oot 
only the Sksfe of the Stme but the F^mres of the Gkmrfkrr 
exadly reprefented in the following Piklr. 
The EjtfiieMmm of S* 4* 1*^^ Lsdfs Name is here ezprefily men- 
che ufiriftwm opoa tion*d in the LgJcriftitMy which, accoraing to die 
5^**;^?r^- J**^ mcJerm way of wnthg^ is thus to be read : Ek 
:it«trf"« i-"t t^effe C^Jfa Ifkremid, (or ^^'r^wM) 
ther Mmumi of .Amti^ banc ctfellMm feat^ ctfjm fr^emmm fi Cbn/htt m 
fmtj. aaoanc of an gloria. A M E M. The MMrk ^ at the HigpHMK 
^!^'^.M^ of the Infcrmion is no I^#r/but ftands for die 
XhtCk^dotCkurekoi Cri^/}, in thole Siiffiy?#//a*/Timcs it being rcckooM 
JUv^ wheo ibuoaHL almoll an uwfari&mMUt Omiffion to leave out the 
Sigm therec^; and rhey were induc'd to ufe this 
Ov/m* the more readily upon Account of the Halj War 
carrying on againft the iMpdels- Unlefs they often fijgn'd 
themfelves with the 0#//, and placed the Figurt of it bodi 
at the Beginwing and End of their Wrttings^ they did not tir 
fped goM Suec^fs, Hence at the End ok the Imfithtiam we 
have alfo the Form of the Crofs^ tho* expreiVd ditterently 
from what 'twas at the Beghmmg. They us'd various Forms 
for reprcfenting it, which was very often left to the Pledture 
of the Writer^ Ingraver^ and other Arttfis. We have it in 
the Saxon and other oarlj Coyns of this Kingdom ; apd 'tis to 
that we are to attribute the vaft number of Cro>fes in the 
J^anijh Monuments publilhM bv Wormim. The like Cufom 
prevailed in other Countries. Yet in the Saxon Times King 
JElfred2bo\\{\\A a great many grojs and aifurd CofiomSj and 
introduc*d a more fcrfeB manner of JVorfbif. But thtc Bi- 
ihop of Rome did not approve of what he clid in that Cafe ; 
nor did his Suecejfors take care to improve what he hadf fo 
happily begun, but permitted the fame Ignorance and Sufer-^ 
fistion to break in again ; and in the fpace of fome Years it 
had prevailed fo tnuch ai to hitve frms^e and even Ui^be- 

mouf 



J-h/.a/^of.^^. 







Ex prifoi aevi re\ic{uji$ MONUMENTllM 
hoc [in liorti5 CCBNOBII de Loco Req-ali, 
vixlgro SPiewli/, anno Dom. ^DCCV. erixtitm, 
3^ in paYiolA^i^edicince Oxarui fiS,$ervsitiJLmi 
impenfi^ .Sui,? exfculpt curavit 'Juvenig egre 
qriixjsl (^ Patriarum Antiquitatum ptudiofif 
fimu^ TII0HARDV$ RAWLlN$ON,Collemi 
m^i JOJNNIS BAPTISTS Superior!^ 
Or clinic Compienfali^ 



Mifir Petitlmtt made to die CW/L and the Fhiffes of it were 
marked out, exemplifyd, and diiplai'd in writing, and LtdttU 
fences granted from Reme to fuch as &m*d themfelves with 
It. This may partly be feen in an olSyeHam R§B^ written 
about three hundred Years ago (by ut iptcrant Scriie) ia 
EmgBflj and Latin^ and now in poueflion of the Reverend 
Mx.Jpfah Pwllm^ Vhe-Trincsfal of Magdslen-HaU Ox ON. 
At the Bepnmng of this Roll^ (which formerly belonged to 
Dr. Ijmgbsin^ and afterwards to Bifhop Barlow) are leveral 
fwPtrfiitimts Pi£href of our Slgviemr^ St. Feranrce, the Crown 
of Tharmsy &c The cytfs is feveral times defcrib'd upon it, 
but in every Place it is done in the fame manner. I have 
likewife feen other RoBs of this nature, and in feveral CHy- 
meal MSS. we have Addrejfes made to the Crofs^ as a di- 
re& and fure way for fuch as are ingag'd in thofe ufelefs 
StuJits to G^tain their Defires and be made fetfeB in that 
Art. 'Twas from the Virtues fiippos'd to be in the Crofs 
that the Wsgnres of it were made as proper Marks to diftin- 
guifh the Bounds of Part/bes ; which Qifiom is ftill put in 
pra&ife, and has been continually us'd from the firfl Original 
of Parsjbes in England. In the more ancient Stones^ pub- 
lifh'd by Fairetts^ the Crofs is made in a different manner 
from any Figures of it that I have feen upon the middlo-a^d 

Sfojsesi but he mentions this Form -jp as rare^ tho' Jf«f- 

hmm^ in his Difcouffe upon that SuijeS^ infinuates that he met 
with It often in the fame Pofturem^ '^Twas alfo out of Re- 
verence to the Crofs that formerly in Printing fometimes 
they made ufe of this Mark >{(for a Signature after the Al- 
fbaiet was compleated j of which we have an Jnflance in 
JPiWx Efiftes printed m Folio at Venice by Joannes Vercel- 
knfiSy with Ca$an£if% Notes^ An. mdxix. And this is all I 
have to obferve with refpefl: to the CharaSers on Rewly- 
Stone^ only I think it convenient to remark that the Note 
after fecit may be read either ^uojus or cujus* But I rather 
approve of the latter, the former Reading being more an^ 
penty and not made ufe of at that time when this Stone was 
cut ; and yet in MSS. of later Date we have quo ejus for cu* 
juSy particulariy in one of Tully de Divinationey at lib. !• §• a? ^. 
As for the Points after the PVords^ it may be look'd upon 



et See Fairetti's Jnfcriftions pag. ydj. fi 'Tis in Bibl, Bodl. 
fuper Art. A. %• 

per- 



r 



A» Account §ffome AntlquHles 
erhaps as a vam Curlofty to fay oay thins about them ; vet 
_ cannot but obferve in fhort that Words are diftinguim'd 
from one another by three Points in a Greek Monument above 
1160. Years old, puolilh'd by Montfaucon in his FalsoffrafhU 
Gr^cam^ and he mentions ^3 a MS. written a little before our 
Rtwlj'Stone was ingrav'd, ywith the fame fort of Points. That 
whicn is more material^ is the Fou7$dation of the Chafel or 
Church at Rewiy^ which was dedicated to the Virgin Mnj; 
and 'tis from this Stone only that we learn, that the FoKndrejs 
of it was Fja Longeffe^ a Lady of eminent Virtues y and famous 
for her BenefaSlions to divers Places. Sir IFilliam DugJUde 
has given an Account of her in his Hiftory of the Baromagej 



M Pag. 134. i3 Ibid. pag. 138. y with the fame fort of 
Points. J Tne like Poin:s occurr alfo on divers Mounmcnts 
after the Conqueft, and particularly in the following Infcri* 
ption that was fent to mc by my learned Friend (before 
mentioned *) Dr. Richardson of Torkjblre^ concerning 
which he writes thus in a Letter (1 received from him) dated 
July 16. ijix. ''— t think my felt' obliged to make good my 
*'promife in fending you the Infcription I named to jrou, 
*'latelj; found in digging amongft the Ruins of the Priory 
" of Kirkleys^ now the beat of Sir John Armjtage Baronet, 
*^ And thougn I take the Antiquity by the Letters not to 
"be above 300. Years (landing (but in this I fubmit to your 
"Judgment) vet the Pointing, and fome of the Letters, 
" being fingular to me, I could not pafs them by without 
'* Notice. The Stone was broken in the middle by the carc- 
"lefs Workmen, and a Letter or two broken out ; but I take 
" the whole to run thus : N. B. IDoace Ule&l tiefto$ave^ tM 
'' mme a CUtabetli T)e Stai^nton iatii0 vvf ovc0 Bf ceft flp^tbn, 

" (yiz) fireet Jefus of Na^c»areth have mercy upon Elij'aifeth of 
^^ Staynton fome time prior es of this houfe.-^-^* Thus my ex- 
cellent Friend. What he fays is truly judicious, and I have 
nothing to objeft againft it, unlefs it be that I think we can- 
not conclude from the Letters, that the Monument is not 
above 300. Years ftanding. But as to the precife time when 
Elizahth of Staynton dyed I cannot pretend at prefent to 
determine, having not had an opportunity of looking over ' 
the Regifters of tnis Religious Houfe. Nor do I remem- 
ber to nave met with any mention about it in Mr. Dodf" 
worth's Colledions. The matter however may perhaps pc 

• See Vol. X ft. pag. 146. 
N. B. The plate is ia the oppofue page. 

deter- 



I««w/W#*f Oxford. SZ 

J had met vith no Pjfrry or other Mnumimts to (hew 
lie founded the Ch^l at Hfv/f. She died in the Year 



nin'd by Dr. JchMffQus. MSS. All I fliall remark now 
I whereas in the Charter of Reimtrm F/dmJrcMfis in the 



iff 






'f 



r, 



^ 




m 





^ 



111 



ip^dmiid ]}!, 



^ 



>Lx 



N 



fS An A£C9unt of [ami Amtifuities 

MCCQ. icand was interr'd, as wc learn fn m this IK. VolyOf 

the Ittnirat]^ before the High- Altar in the Akyej^Church of 

0/»<y. Where aifo her Heart was buried ^ and not at Urw/j, 

as is conjedtur^d by Mr. IVooJfi. But tho' flie be mentiond 

in the Stone as Foundrefs of the Chapel of Rewly^ yet the Year 

when 'twas built is not exprefs*d; fo that 'till ibme certain 

Evidence appear, we muft be content in this Particular with 

ConjeSiure. 'Tis probable therefore that 'twas erefted much 

about the fame time that th^ AUey it felf was, which, as I 

oblerv'd above, was in the Year McqLxi^i/aad, 1 believe, 

this was the Foundation Stone^ being ^ug-upjlb the Eaft Fart 

of the Garden: and at the. lame time' they dilcov^r^f the 

TVaSs of the Chapel^ from whence they gathered ,that the 

•Bntlding now ftandmg (by the Whter) without iMit'^Gfrden 

was not Part of it. - ' . 

iin.U yin^nment dif- §' T- Some time before Rewly^Stone wa^dMco- 

cover*a at GHlfl9». ver d, was found a Fragment of another oldM&mM^ 

C9i^9» Nwtntn by ment at GodQoWy which was a Religious Honje a- 

whom built. TheB*. bove a Mile Northwards from Rewly. This was 

Thf^dlfliS^^ ^o"«^ in the Gardens of Xiodftam uniiCT a Walnut- 

critea. Thef»ww<#rof l^ee that was rooted up by the dreadful Storm-iiS 

St. ciiit't chitreh in Tf^nJ Nov.z6th. MTtcciii. I did not Ice jt t|SlL^ 

t)iiFORD. Kingj^R^a ff/7 MDCCviiu at which time I writ dowil,.tbe 

• . ■ •;t. -*^ ■ ■■ - 

li/ljfnfSicon Anglicanum * there is no Note added what tkne it 

was tnat the faid Charter for founding this Priory was ^anib- 

cd, it appears from this Memorandum [H. a."| in thel4ar« 

gin of Mr. R^ Dodfworth's Tranfcript of this Charter fjthat 

It was in the Reign of Henry IL and I wonder how this ufe« 

ful particular came to be omitted by the Publi flier o(*Mn 

DoaPmorth'^ Papers. I muft moreover take this oppdrt^j|ut]r 

of doing this farther piece of juftice to Mr. Dodfiport^ aS to- 

f^Orreft fome miftakes in printing the faid Charter^ ;F6r 

whereas in lin. 43. it is printed Kutkales it fliould have been. 

Kuthales. In 1. 47. fox petroftf . . . lannus & fic is only pt^ 

troA^xL .• & fic in Mr. Dodjiporih's Copy. In L 48.. for 

aa Bla^heland mould be read adBlAchelanam*^ in 1. ^Q.:Lh: 

verfey & Her0)evet for Liverfeg &"^Hertefi)enet : m-l.c^i^ 

Elyoi for ElgJs ^ in 1. 59, Ormi for Orniy^znd laftlyfli L 

61. Helios dif WtveJai for Helios. de^Wtpelai. n See. Mr. 

LelawPs Coll. MSS. ypl. IL p. a8tf. ^ In fome MS$Kf4h 

^w in the-^w^iwjr}tfrf/lftrw;. ; *^ \ .' -^ 

"• " ■ "^'^ ' • • ^•^^'» 'i 

*^ Tom, I. ^ 417. b. t Tid. 6olL'MS$. X. D9^rthi in Bibl, MH.n. x.. p. 

. koitn^ 



jW^i^'/fOf^ 



(I&ii?Et?€:RSS 









--2» 



L 



it 




Frkgrmentuin hocce MONIIMBNT^I perr 
LvetuAi,mHortis Prior atu:3 de G0^eS%rOWe 
prope aXO<57i<r7'<5f 5ff Anno MDC!CllI.vi f-^vse 
Tempe£lati^ erutum, lumptibiiS fuis in. se$ 
Incfdi curavit THOMA$ RAWLIN,SON 
Artniffer.Medii Templi :^ STY'^Se/iTg 5ooiu4^ 
^^TSCCSC^Virerxiditiw, et diligent ia at^ 
jperitia in cong-eretid^ optimaB nets librorum 
pupejlectile clarti5- 



AB.fc, 



T- 



Handahi/tOxfOiLiyl 99. 

'Ifroien Infcrlfilon^ and in May laft 1 took the F7rm Bmefdthr to G#4/f#»; 

of the Stone^ at which time a Young Gentleman of '^^, ^''^^^^ "* 

St.5Fi^i^'/.C0llege,Mr.RicHARD^AWLiNSON, ^JjlJ^tf ^JflJ^l 

who is a Lover of Antiquities ^ was pleas'd to pro- Inps relates neither CO 

cure it for his own ufe. and 'tis now, at the £x- the Lady jtU^ nor to 
penfe of his Brother Thomas Rawlinson, *^\"8 Jj^'h but wa< 
of the Middle Temple Efq; a Gentleman of very only t<Sr^e^mi. 
great Curio^ty^ faithhilly reprefented to the Readers. By 
which we fee that we have nothing more than Godeftme unt 

Chaunterie I • prefersrd of the Infcriftion^ the 

laft laCUer whereof I take to have been the Initial Letter of 
the Perfon's Name to whofe Memory the Monument was ered-. 
ed, and at firft I pitched upon Ida, or Editha, a very devout^ 
frous and religious Lady^ who is faid to have founded the 
BenediSine Nunnery here, and at the fame time to have built 
a -convenient and decent Ckurch. 'Twas confecrated to the 
Honour of the Virgin Mary and St. John Baftifi in the Year 
Mcxxxvii I. which was the fourth Year of the Reign of King 
Stephen. The Ceremony oi Consecration was performed with 
great Solemnity by Alexander Bifhop of Lincoln^ fin whofe 
Diocefs the Nunnery was fituated) the King himfelfl the §lueen^ 
the Arch-Bifliop of Canterbury, and feveral others of the 
chief Nohilsty, as well as Prince Eufiace, the King's Son^ be- 
ing perfonally prefent. At the fame time many and large 
Contributions were made for Endowment of the Church and 
Nunnfry, and Editha her felf became the firft Abbefs, tho* 
we do not find what Contributions were made by her. With- 
out doubt they were very conjiderable, flic being, in all pro- 
• bability, a Lady of JVealth and Fortune. This is certain, that 
the Ground, upon which this Nunnery ftood, was not origi' 
naBf her's, but belong'd to one of the St. Johns, who, out 
of his Zeal for promoting of Religion, was pleasM to give 
it to this Lady in Frank-Almoigne for ever. Of all which 
there is a particular and difiinS Relation in the Monajlicon*, 
where likewife the Names of the feveral Contributors or Be^ 
nefaStors at the Dedication^ which fell out upon Eajier-Evo 
are fpecifyM out of the Re^Jier of God flow ^ one of which 
BenefaBors was Ehptne Fitz-Godegofe, who impropriated to 
it the Church of St. Giles in OxFO R d, that himfelf had 
founded a little before, and gave befides 18. Solidata of 
Land lying above South-Bridge in Ox F o R d. We do npt 
find where this Lady was buried: but, if I am not miftaken, 
^twas at Godjlow j and I conjeaur'd that the Stone before, 
mentioned might relate to her Foundation, and have been 
cre<3:ed either before her Death, as 'tis frequent to have 
Honorary Monuments put up upon wch publick Qcca^ons,ox elfe 

N X to 



100 An Account tffome Amttqultles 

to have been a Fwnetal M^ument^ and to have been [dac'd 
foon after her Drceafe. Bat fl$ this is nothing more than C#»- 
jeShre^ {o I am not fond of it ; and the rather fo becaufe 
Tk^mas Walfinrkam in his UpffJigmm NewJMge teils «us in ex* 
prefs TTorJs^ that this Nytmery of G^dft&m was founded by 
Xing John ; thereby depriving iJa o^ the Honour due to 
her, and fixing? it upon one of the Sons of King Hemrj the 
lid. to whom the famous Rofamnnd C/ijfhrd Was C^muUnty 
and was here buried. IValpngham farther adds, that the oc- 
cafion of the Foundation was, that Prayers might be put up 
for the Soul of the faid 'Rofamnnd, Why may not therefore 
the I in the Infcrtftjon relate to King johu^ and be under^ 
ftood of him ? Yet what is aflerted in Walfmgbam is not to 
be fo taken, as if King John were the Ortglnsl Founder of 
this Nunnery^ (it being plain from the Regrfhr that he WM 
not) but omy that he became a confiderable Bem^uSor to 
it, and inlarg'd the Revenues and AUowances that had been 
before fettled upon it. 'Tis likely that he added a ChMnterj 
or Chapel for two or three Friefis^ and orderM a fiiitable Jif 
larj for performing the proprr t)ffites in behalf of Rofamuud* 
Gratitude to the memory of his dead Father (befides other 
Religious coficerm) would not permit him to nerieA this 
Aa of Charity. Befides we have other Infimcts c* his per- 
forming the like ABs. I muft howrver confefs, that ttis 
Interpretation of the Injhrrption is built no lefs upon e^e^ 
Bure than the former: and for that reafon f do not exTpeft 
that it fhould be looK'd upon as Authority^ no more than I 
do a third ConjeBure^ which I beg leave to add, namelT Aat 
it may be this Stone has no manner of Rdation to eitner of 
thefe BenefaSions. For if it had reference to idu^ *tW(Mild 
not be ftyl'd a Chanferj^ but eitlier a NuTmery or Ohrrrf. Aod 
had it belonged to Kni; John, *tis reafonable to think that 
the Monument would have been of tetter Stome^ und been 
wrought and polifh*d after fuch a manner as woukl hare been 
equal to his Royal Dijgnstf. Tke Letters fas far as ^e can 
judge by what remains of the Stone) are placM jufl as thofe 
,are that are feen upon old Grave-Stones^ anH finne other 
arsumftances 'Would move one to think that it laV jte upon 
the Ground^ and was nothing elfe but a Grave-stone. jBut 
granting it were a Grave^Stone^ yet it muft be withal allo^d 
that the Per/on on whom it was laid was a BenefaBor to the 
Place^ and ereAed a ChanteHe {y»e Ckfunterit) himfdf at 
his own proper Charies^ or elfe joyn*d with fome other well 
diipos'd Perfon in fuch zpuUiei Aft oSK^arity. 

# Pag. ytf. of Arcb-bifliop Parier^s Edition. 

f . 6. Aa 



iMsmJMientOxPOJLD. lot 

§. 6. A$ to the prefent Remains ofGodft^w^ they 
ferve to little other ufc or purpofe than to fliew The ocber .AntUtni- 
that 'twas a Flsce formerly of confiderMe ExUnt^ '^' i^^I^f'*- ^^'^ 
and to raifc in us- a Veneration for the Sanaity, Sith5e.°Mr°JIII^ 
P/^, and Generofitj of our ABCeflors. On the vtrUiAss.oiuaUns. 
North-fide there is a good Part of one fide of a 
TStwtr (which was the Tmer of the Chtirch) (landing, and 
on the Eaft-fide is a fmMU R§om^ on the Flo§r of which \y^ 
two Stone Ctfffins^ and on the wiU\^ above them are writ- 
ten the Vtrjes in L^/m and Engltjh^ which are commonly 
handed about in memory of Rojamund. *Tis reported that 
one of thefe Coffins was that in which Rofamund her felf was 
laid, and the other that which was prepared for her Keefer. 
But this we are to look upon as no more than the Fidion 
of the Fn/gar. *Tis however likely that the Coffins were dug 
up here, and were thofe in which two Ntfnns^ or two other 
Perfins (for others were interrM here befides the Memiers 
of the Nnsmerj) had been buried ; but for Rofamund her fel^ 
fee was wrapt up in Leather and put in a Coffin of LeaJL, 
according to the Oiftom of thofe Times «r. She was firft of 
all buried in the middle of the ^re^ and, ^sHoveden informs 
Hut, her Thni^ was cover'd witfi St/k^ and furrounded with 
Lamfs and Tafers; but 'twas, after it had continued in that' 
condition for feveral Years, removed out of the Clmrch by 
the exprefi- Order and DlreBion of the Bifliop of Lincoln^ 
who thougjit it a moft ahminaile and mJWerahle Trofha- 
natkm of the Churchy that the B*^ of fo dehaucFd a Terfom 
ibould remain in it. After this Removal^ it continued at 
reft, 'till about the time of the Reformation^ when 'twas 
taken up, as Mr, Leland himfelf acquaints y us, and at the 
£ime time a Stone was found with it, on which was this In- 
fmttjom: TvMB A Ros am vNDJE. Which is a diflFcrcnt 
JbfiriPtfon from this tommon one : 

. likjacet in Thnda Rofa mundi^ non Rofa munda: 
Non redoiet.fed oiet^ I ^wa redolere folet. 
Bat the latter poffibly is the Epitaph that was fix'd in the 
ft^ro of the Chnrch before the Body was remov'd. Mr.X*- 
iamd^ I riiink, faw the Stone himtelf, and he tells us that^ 
¥*icn her OjJBs was open'd, they found her Bones in it,, and 

m, See Monafl.AngL Tom. L p. yi8. b. /S Ibid. Bromfton 
fays the fame thing alfo in the Reiffn of King Richard the 
Firft. y In a Tafage out of fome cf his Papers^ publifli'd in 
the M-^nafi. AngU loco citato. I QHP^ ^^^ ^^ ISgden and 
Knighton. The J^fiake was occafion*d by the Abtre^ation. 

tha( 



tot Am Ace^ma ^fime Anti^stUs 

that a very fmeet SmeU came from it. Rut he doeshot cotl-^ H 
firm the vBlgar fiorj of one of the prefent St^mes being her" i 
C90u$^ but {Mainly diflinguiiheth between both, making the j 
Stmu to be only a Sefulchral JMonument. He has not thought 
fit to inform us what became either of the Coffin or the Stom'^ 
tho' tis probable it fell into the Hands of fome Zeahts^ who 
would not fuflfer any thing to efcape their Fury and htdignn* 
ti0n that they thought favoured at all of Popery. 'Tis to that 
Furr that we owe, in great meafure, the lofs of fo many 
9toUe Monuments^ lome of which have been refcu'd from 
DeflruBion by the laudahle Induftry of Mr. Stove^ Mr. Weezw^ 
Mr. Somner^ Sir WiUiam Dugdale^ and others: and more 
would have been handed down to Fofterity^ haa MuWeever 
liv'd to finifh his Travels^ or to have publifli*d another Vo- 
lume or two from his CoUeBtons^ which, after his Deatb^ 
came to his Nephew^ Mr. Caltharn^ who liv'd in Ltttle-Brs- 
tMnm; and at length a Copy of his printed Book with large 
MSS. Improvements^ by the Author (as I am informed) him- 
felf, was fortunately procured bv that curious ColleBor of Bocks, 
whom I have before mention^, Mr. Thomas Ra wlinson 
of the Middle-Temple. 
M^lkmmnd died a NstMrsii Desith. §• 7- Tho' Rofumund was buried at 
Out EMfii0» Poets, in former Times, GodfioTO^ vet {he died at Woodfhck in 
loftlieinoft|«rtkepcclofetoTri.r*. a moft Jpacioui and lurge Apartment 
^[^:^[^t^rJtK^^^^ wrought in dlrefpeftsw^^^ 

Cskin^ of her', of ex^imfne Work- ]}^^, Z Lohyrtnth, that Kmg Hemj the 

~ p. Dr. fUt under a UiftAk^, II. had caus'd to be made^ on purpofe 

to fecure her from the Affkults and Vio^ 
lence of Queen Eleanor, who neverthelefs, if we believe the 
sommon Report, found out the Fajfage and immediately poy- 
foned her. But John Brompton and Henry Knighton tell us 
that {he dyM a Natural Death, and that it happened foon af- 
ter {lie had been inclosM in tne faid Apartment. The fame 
thing is alfo afferted by Ranulph Higdenfi. Perhaps the Sgeen^ 
having fo juft an occafion to be offended at her, might be 
the caufe of it ; yet neither of thefe Authors mention it is 
being contrived by her: nor do they fav that 'was afFeded 
by Foyfon. Other Authors of much later Antiquity have 
fallen into the fame mtftake^ and amoneft thofe in Engl'fij 
muft be reckoned a Book caird, Cl^e fitft StlTl ftcoitt) )Bitt0 
of lt(nB Edward t\^t fyvLxO^^ cotitainins W meri^ Itettfme 

m Ita in Chartis MSS. SmithiANIS, penes me. /8 la 
Foythronico, MS. in Bibh BodU inter Codd. LMtdipos,C. 117. 
{\^b Henrico lido. 



9^0^ tlft Cansff of Tamworth^ a0 alfo 4i0 lotc to raits 
i^ittttfU Shore^ |^ff ttftt l^omotiOD^ iFail anT) flptftrie, 
mm taftis tte lamentable SHatiii of |^ anti ^ev i^tiiilMuil^ 
<3cc. Tbis Book was printed at London in mdcxiii. in 8^ 
and is now grown fcarce. There are fome Romantick jlf^ 
fertians in it, of which this of RofamuntPs dying a vio/eni 
Death by Voyfon is one«; otherwife 'tis a Book of value, and 
more AuAority is to be given to it, than is given to Votti^ 
csU Books of late Years. The Poets of thofe times, for the 
moft part, kept clofe to Truths and did not think it for their 
Credit and Refutdtlon to corrupt matter of FaB with the 
Additions of Fancy and Fable. They thought thejr had per* 
formM the Parts of a Foi't to good Advantage if they put 
their CoUeSions mto Rhlme^ without any thing of G/ofsj where- 
by to abufe the Reader and lead him into Error. 'Tis for 
that reafon that Storer^s Book of the Life and Death of Car^ 
dinml Wolfey, written in Englijh Verfe and printed at I.wr- 
^iuMDXCix. in ten Sheets in ^^rr^, was much efteem'd 
and cry'd upiS; and if it can be met with (for *tis become 
very rare) *tis poflible fome good Hiftorlcal Remarks may 
be coUedled from it, in order to the writing of a jufi and 
faithful Account of the Life and Death of this Great Car^ 
dinali tho' the chief Buiinefs being to defcribe him as a 
Minifter of Statey who had the Jo fe Management and Di- 
reSion of the Affairs oi England for feveral Years, the beft 
materials are to be exfpefted from the Manufcrift Fafers and 
Parchments in the Ccttonian Library, in the RoUsy in the £«- 
•ihejnery and in other Offices of Record^ which ought to be 
.diligently and carefully fearch'd and examin'd, before fo 
great and defirahle a Work can be compleated* But (that 1 
• may gee out of this Digreffion^ into which I have been led 
by citing the Book concerning King Edward the IV«^. ) as 
foon as King Henry heard of the dtfmal news of the Death 
of diis unfortunate Lady^ he became a great BenefaSior to the 
Nunnery of Godfiow^ which was chiefly occafion'd by the Affe-- 
Bt9n he bare to Rofamund. Her Father was a Perfon of a very 
nUle and gentile Education, He ha4 imbib'd Religious Prin- 
ciplesj and, however unhappy in his Iffue^ was a Man of a 
virtuous Life^ and maintained a good CharoBcr^ He was him^- 
feif a Ben^aSor to this Flace^ and was buried at it in a Grav 
clofe by his Wife, who died before her Daughter Rofa-- 



u In the fecond Fart^ in the lajl Page of the Signature P* 
for the Book is not pa^d by numbers, fi 5c^ A^hen* Oxon. 
Vol. I. col. iSo. . . 

muni 



104 ^^ Au0»f$f §fjhme Aj$ti)fu}tles 

mmi. Yam Hemry fpar^d no Cofis that t^e TIwpA of this Lmifi 
whom he fo much admired, not only upon account of hef 
^xqMtjhi Beauty^ but for the Sweetneff of her Temfir^ ihouM 
be adorn'd and fet out with the ntmoft MagTttfkence^ that no 
Reflexion might be made upon his Kojal CbaraBer^ as if he 
yfftrtfrrgitptl and unmrndful of her atter her Deceafe. Thia 
Ageahn made him fo careful of her while living, that he 
prefently provided her of every thin^ that (lie defir'd. One 
of the Frtfents he made her was the rich Cabinet that is men- 
tioned by Hi^den^ Brempton and Knighton to have bfeen pre* 
ferv'd in their time at Godfiim^ on which were reprefented 
the Figures of all forts of Chamftons^ with all Kinds of Am-- 
mals done to the bcft Advantage. Cifia ejvjdem fueU/e vix 
Ufedalis menfttrafy fet mirahilis architeSurx^ ibidem cernihtr^ 
in jf/a confiiSus Pugilum^ Vjf^ animalittm^ volatMS awum^ 
fahns fifcium^ akjqne hominis imfulfu^ conjfictuntur. Dr. Pht* 
makes cifla here to relate to her lumb^ and he tranilates it 
by the Bnglijh Word Coffin:^ but I think, with all due refpeft 
and regard to the Judgment of that ingenioue and learned M%n^ 
that Fabian fi^ Grdftony^ UoUinJheadl^ and others with much 
lefs Abfurditj make it to be a fmall Coffer^ or Cabinet^ of two 
Feet in Breadth. For had it been her Coffin^ is it at all probable 
that it would have been permitted to have ftood with fuch 
Figures on it in the moji Holy Part of the Church) Is it likely 
that a Coffin^ on which were to be feen fuch odd Pofiures of 
Men and Animals^ would have been fuflfer'd to ftand in a 
confecrated ChaPel^ or that the Religiom of thofe TTmes^ efpe- 
cially thofe of this Nunnery (who were famous for their Cha^ 
pity) would have given way that any PiBures^ or other Be^ 
frefentations of this kind, which were contrivM rather for 
carrying on Amours and Lafavious Intrigues than for advanc- 
ing Reli^ion^ fliould be placM fo near their Byes^ to divert 
their Mmds from a devout and holy Performance rf their Re- 
ligious Offices} Since therefore this does not feem confiftent 
with the Reverence that is due to a confecrated Place^ *tis 
more reafonable, I am periwaded, to underftand cijla of a 
Coffn^ which, in all probability, ftood in the Chafiter-Houfe 
when Higden, Bromfton^ and Knighton flourifli'd : and 'twas 
in the Chafiter-Houje too that her Tomb was to be fecn in 
their times, it being frequently fhewn by the Nunns to their 
Relations and others who vifited a Place that was much noted 
for fo iUuJlrious .a Lady. 



u Nat. Hifl. of OxfordJhirech»,^. IX. $• t44« # Chfon. p 
351, y Chron. p,d. ^ Chron. p. 115. 

§.8. Ha- 



Jh ami akut Oxford^. lof 

$. 8. Having nothing more at this time to ob- ufcripUn upon t 

rnreconceimngtheN.«^ofG.^/^^ So^d n^raoX^T^Ta 

^ that in the Reign of King Henry the Vlllth. m.»«i«.i./ of Mr. Ei^ 

ere ftood hard by it on ,the Bridge a Crofs with mund RainoUs at m/* 

if ti Jnfcriftion^ vtmu, Hii CbarMatr. 

0ut meat bac orety fgnumfalufis adoref^ 
Utquefihi detur fi veniam Rofamunda frecetur : 
1 (hall pafs on for about a Carter of a Mile North-Eaft, 
where we meet with a fhiail Church callM Wolvercoti^ or, as 
^ exprefsM in the old Valor Beneficmum^ Walgarcote. The 
moft ancient, and indeed the moft confiderable. Monument 
diat I have feen in this iitcle Church is a Grave-Stone to the 
Memory of Mr. Edmund Rainolds^ M. A. and Fellow of Cor^ 
fm Chrijii College, on which there is the following Ltjcri- 
fikm: Hicjacet Kdmundus Rainold in Artthus Magiflir. Ohiit 
31. Novembr. anno 1630. atatls fua 91. He was one of the 
Eldir Brothers yof the famous Dr. John Rainolds^ with whcm 
he held ^fuhlick Dsfputathn about Religion before Roi^ert Earl 
of Leycejer in the Year mdlxxxiv. by which he gainM 
sreat Honour and Refutation. He was a Man of excellent 
Learning, of a found and clear Underftanding, and of «w/- 
jMNtf Virtues. But being a Roman Catholick^ and therefore of 
different Principles from his Brother^ he left Corf us Chrifti 
College and retir'd to Gloucefler-VL^W^ where (notwithftand- 
ing he had a good Eftate^ lying at Wolvercote) he became a 
flreat and noted Tl^/^r. His leifure Hours he fpent in 
Uie Exercifes of Devotion and in converfation with Leam^ 
ed Men, one of which was the celebrated Mr. Thomas 
JtHen lof the fame Hall. By this fious and virtuous Courfe 



«i So in a Fragment publifliM in Tom. I. p. Ji8. b. of the 
Monapicon AngUcanum from fome Wafers or Mr. Leland 
in the Cottonian Library, fi Forfan, venia. y See Athen. 
Oxon. Vol. I. col. ^^l. as alfo col. a^j, 124, 135:. where 
Mr. J^^</ does not feem to have given a clear and difiinB 
Account of the feveral Brothers. Nor does he corred him- 
felf, or fettle the Matter, afterwards, in the Life of Dr. 
Rainoldsy ibid. col. i8o. ^ Who died in the Year mdcxxxii. 
in the 90^*. Year of hid Age, as Mr. IPbod informs us. tho' 
Mi-. William Burton fays in the ^%i. See Mr. Burt^n^s Fu- 
neral Oration upon him fpoken in the fuUick Refe'6torj oi 
Gloucefter^H^lly and printed the fame Year at Lcnd&n in 
§uartOy together with Another Speech that was ^oke by Mr. 
George Bathurfi in the Chafel of 7ViW#^-College (of which 
Mr. Allem had been Fellow) the fame Bvitning thatr he ?vftg 

VoL i. O bu- 



I o6 .A Account of fame AiUiqutties 

of Lifie he knew how co-defpife the flattering G/^/V/ of this 
lF$rld^ and to fee his Cemtemforaries and Familiars advanced 
to High Statioms and confiderableI>/F9/V/>x, without the leaft 
ReluBamce or Ettvy. He was a ma^er of his Faffions^ and 
had noching ro ruffle or difcompofe the ferene Temfer and 
Tran^tiittitj of his Mind^ only 'tis to be wifli'd that to com- 
pleat his CharaHer he had continued firm in the Froteftani 




inierted upon a Brafs Flate^ that is wd upon the St9»€ I 
have before mentioo'd : 

Iwgens Oxonii Rainoldus gloria^ notus 
FraiemM fama^ nee miwus iffe fua : 

Mapius fmrtmuty vhrtutis major alummi^ 
Hlcy fed parte fit deteriore^ jacet. 

Mens ctelum mtgravitj ut bine fioqne pr^nua felix 
Sumat^ vhrtutes ceferat undefuag. 
B/ his conftant and careful Eaitiation and InfiruSion of 
young Gentlemeny he mightily improved and advanced his 
Fortunf. He had no Family • nor did a firiS and hmocent 
Courfe of Life require that ne ihould fpend largely upon 
himfelf. He had tnerefore the greater Store to beftow in 
Charitable XJfes^ which he diftributed very chearfullv and 
willingly in great Summs ; but his Charity was manag'a with 
all becoming Humility ^ Modefly^ and ChrifiianFrudence. Thefc 
Ads of Charity cccafion'd tbe enfuing Wbrds to be ingrav'd 
on the Weft End of his Monument round an Oval Brafs 
Flate^ which is fince torn oflF and convey'd away by the Sa- 
arilegious Hands of fome Fanatici, it may be one of thofe 
Puritan Reformers in mdcxli : Manumfuam of emit inofi^ ^ 
f almas extendit ad mfauferum. 

buried. Thefe two Speeches fliould have been reprinted in 
Bates's Colledion of Lives. Mr. ABen being fo eminent an 
example of Modefty^ Temperance^ Humanity ^ Learning j and 
Judgment y as well as hidufiry in coUedmg; old MSS. (for 
thofe given to the Bodlejan Library by Sir Kenelm Digty 
were once his, befides a large ftocK of others, that were 
difpos'd of elfewhere) his Memory ought to be carefully pre- 
fervM ; and it might be of no fmaU fervice to Virtue and 
good Literature to have the Speeches printed again, with his 
FiSinre before them from the Original (drawn to the Life) 
in the Frepdent^s Lodgings of I>/w/y.College. To which o- 
ther Things of the fame nature might be annexed. « Lege, 
pauperem,y vel pauperes. 

$•9* We 



J/fOzFORO. IC7 

ndcr that in the Church 
) earlier M$nMmemtt of ^ivtrc^tf nn>h'm 
'm nothing bjt a Chmpel f"%^' * '*r'< ^ 

yA -«fA^ £^7? OXON. £^;, o«ro»D Th: 
•^ *" .1 the old Va^ar BenificiC' nijrrer fornierly cof 

' • . . J ci.ed. And tor that rea- ««ft«'*. *«« decided i 

-le InhMtants of ^'*/i; w/tf ^*'"^' **/ ^' '''"^' ^ 

-W at St. P^ffl'V, and were «""• ■^'^•• 

.1 dependent on if. Divine Service was 

.: m'd in it by a Chaf'oin^ uho Wi.s ; o- 

rtd by the f erf etual Vicar of S'. P^/^'j 

lI and paid him out of his own Expenfcs^ 

c?noving him at his Pleafure. Whenever 

^ 'Ifrie and Omam 9/ts of St. Peter^s were 

led Repair J the InkahHants of Wohtrcote 

ajid contribute the third Part of theOfe^rgf/ 

ni fuch Occau$ns ; and the thing was never 

•iclled 'rill the Year mccccxiii, which was 

». K ing Henry the Fif; h's Reign. At tha. time 

Hoof of the Church being run to ruin and de- 

.fC'lVardenf^ cut of a true fenfe of their Duty^ 

\:ard to their Credit and Reputation, took cf- 

.oJs ro have them repaired, tne full Expenfes of 

a) 6o. Nobhs^ the third Part whereof they 

.^jrding to CufloWy upon Wolvercote \ but the 

. Liie Churc'^ or Chapel ox Wolvcnote thinking that 

.i unreafonable Jmpolitson^ and that the t,uJiom was 

,_inally to htcroachment^ they peremptorily refus'd 

ir Share. Upon this a Suit of Lav Commcnc'd, 

|^',iven aeainft the Inhabitants of Wolvercote by Mr. 

•ton the Arch-deacon of Oxford's Official. This 

^^^ and inrag'd them that they prefcntly appealed 

'«; Sentence to the See of ll^w^, and prefeiited a Re^ 

■■?c.e of Grievances to the Vope. The P^^/f at that time 

'hn the XXIIW, or, as others call him, the XXI V^h. 

■^fers the Matter to Dr. Sathfe^ Auditor of the Causes of 

Apoftolick Valace ; but the Year after the Vope being de- 



«£ Which was given to Merton College by King Hen. III. 
ill 1 166. /8 In Bibl. Bodl. Haly-Wett in Ox F o p d was like- 
\vife another Cbafel of Eafe to St. Peter^s. For thus the 
JL hing is exprefi'd in the Faluation^Eook : Ecclefla fanSi Pe- 
tri Orientalis Oxon. cum capeBa de Halywell ^Walgarcote, 
tfo. Marc. — — Vicaria ejufdem [fcil. Eccleji^ S. Petri Orien- 
talist 100. fiL 

O X 




loS AmA£cmMi§ffnmeAMtifBHses 

pos'd by the C9uncll of C^smce^ z new C&mmiffiou was 
granted by the fame ComuU to the DoBar^ who then pro- 
ceeded to hear the Fro&ors of both Psrties^ and to receive 
the Defpti9us of the feveral Witneffes. The Vr^Etor for St. 
TtUf^s reprefented the Matter very fairly, and ftated every 
thing witn that cUamefs^ that the DoSpt^ after a feJate and 
df nitrate weighing of all ctrcumftMrnces^ could not but declare 
that the Church-Wkrdens of St. FeteTs had aded fairly and 
rfgularh^ and that 'twas no ExaBi9M in laying the third 
Part of the Bnrden upon Wolv^cote. Accordingly he gave a 
dzfinitlvf Sentence at Conftance on the eleventh VHy of Df- 
ccmksr in Mccccxvi. that they (hould pay the full third Part 
for the Repairs that had been made three Years before, and 
ior che future always joyn with them as they had done for- 
merly, and bury their Dead alfo at St. Peters^ as had been 
practis'd conltantly before this Stif Commenced. Thefe Dsf- 
ferefsces being thus, the' not without Difficulties compri- 
mis d, on the eleventh of Jilarch following the forefaid Dr. 
Sarlrf^ ameicM the hthahitants of IVolvercote 4a. Florins of 
Cold more, by way of fatisfadion for the Great Trouble and 
Charge they had put the Church-Wardens and others of St. P*- 
tsr^s to in this Diffute. 

^. 10. This is the f hfiance of that Controverffj 
ccrlm ^xhi^^nroZrr ^^ ^ ^ave collectc:! ic ftom the Jnjirument concem- 
TOw"prcretv*d'ir7u ing i^ now prefei vM with other Papers in a Chefl 
Peter\ chmrcb i but 'c is in St. Pet r's CtuTch ^ but this is not the Original 
noc che OnginAL Sc. Jvflrumenf^ but only a copy of it, and the Tran- 
FemVaficrwardsconi. r^;^^^ hath Committed fcvcral Rfv/f/. After this 
.^'" Thr;«forwhy Decifon, the Inhabitants of Wohercote were forc'd 
K^.^rrffedid noc con- to acquicfce, and to obferve the ancient Cufiom-j 
icil the MiHcr before, hut 'twas broken again at laft, and they have ever 
St Pt-rs forme. ly the ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^j^^^ buricd in the Church or 0&^ / of 
o't'fSt;:;n in'thc ^r./x.r...., and not been chWd with any Part 
Bnt^T'xmts. of the Repairs of the Church ^^ inftead of which 

however by way of Acknowledgment they pay yearly 
the Sum of three Shillings^ and four Pence to St. Peter's. 1 
fliali not eater fo far intp the cone ms of the Par^Jh as to in- 
quire, when 'twas that this Change began, and what was the 
Occa^on of it. But that St. Peters did willingly confent to it 
appears, in fome degree, from a Note inferted at the Begin- 
ning of the aforefaid Inftrumenty viz. A compoptionfor 3*. iid. 
per annum to be paid bj Wolvercote. This Note is not the 
Title of the Inftrument^ but was added by a Uter Hand on 
purpofe to fhew that St. Peter^s compounded with Wolver- 
cote for that Sum^ and for the future would part with their 
Priviledges upon condition iuch a Sum was conftantly and 

duly 





.iTT r Ji».- -r . - Km r 



r- '!.■.•■ 21^ 



iiid "-Trrr ix i^^r- 1 rr r^ «.=r -r^. -=i- 

be ro i>^lp-Jftj ::=-T:;r: T"*-;— -.-r- ^^_ 

tharSiuri. 5cp £-»«*«-: -— — :. _;--,. 
oa pir^CK ir ne i^ ir -n^ Zsrrjr- - i. ■ 
bcsoc€X3T:^"r ^ -r.: '^mml^^r- :^ 

* Fiyic£rj£ < ? ■■ i * ■" -^ T* — ^ irrLrr - "^ 
^^^»^'*- ^ "iii-*- irrrii.-i. li«/5 .■■ ifrfc.- 
'•^iWB^^JLfliBr TT^rs rrzTX ic- 'g "-'^ Fm „ 

'•■^'^ TFcrt ^icc 3ir"3i:3: i izr - - —th— i:;:n ^ >- ^-^». — ^ :nr::r' 
own j^^rz rL' iitT^* :r -ziue ir :=ii Tic-=ff^2?- Z-^fr-s .Ii- 

«»Sfrcacff via nvLuz* -^yf rr-^^^ T.; tjf FTiiiii Zmtz^- 

•gfJ pcrxm'r 31 X JL -3e Ietc T-rrngr :z:j.^j^ re^sn ^ir- 
mcrij- pniafr zl rusi rSartr '^' ic Sii-r a r .r rn: I ixrr 
infinoirs;! lic^s J ".iiir 31. 's:2^ : riar:2r v i^ nulc i" Z^var 

func is zzdt aize ? jc» air leriLcE^ri 11 i nrrsnnr Asac?. 
This is wise 3 rserxfiiri !■ irrsn^ ui^ 
*nd'iii CTTTedkr zSirTsi tir: i« TTuwji 

Wmrs aca ilraMi0ia0 :±ac iai frsrrasicrT 

was noc rdnflr "riZ J5te Gwm^mj t. ciic cr ra _ __ 

was picas'!! a> imrvrtuK: r. 'Tx« Cwsfriji c 




being feu a rw: bcnrooc Sc Giir'i Chrra^, 'rwi* 
cither thar Gbvi», or iooc crr^r 22 sear, -botiLc he z^ftic 
ufc of bjr the Dvnnr^, aud disr ±«t ^iwck: noe be ;ui u> 
the Imnw f ^Kwmmu of gomg ar lyoD faca / ■ ^iGf !■ Occi£c<k> 



« So in a Fr^gmemt d[ J^km Kifs thai I have in .MT. And 
the fame diing is mentioned frocklimhfTwjme Jl^. p* ii$« 
^ $• T- y Scclirpf loc. dt. 



no Am Account cffome Jbttiqulties 

rh^Univerftj'miht ^ 5- "• 'Tis probable, that in thofe w^;^ Times 
hriiijk times in all pro. the Vntvertttj was leparate from the Town^ and did 
bability fqMinte fioni noc on either fide joyn to it. The Founders of it> 
'^ ^t? The rcafon ^^q^ ^^^^^^ Fottem ftom the Eaflirn Countries^ and 
^^[cSIm " JiUr. they foUowM the fame Cufiams as to it's Difihline 
Mf, and why ihere are The Acodemtes and Gjmnafra amonglt the Greeks 
DO Htmm C0JMS foaod were divided from their Cities^ and that was the 
•^'^ «• reafon that their mofi learned Men were buried in 

them, which would not have been permitted had they ftood 
in the Cities^ Burjal within them being prohibited by Solon*s 
Laws. The fame ProbiMon alfo took place amongft the 
Bomans upon Promulgation of the XII. Tsiles. For that 
reafon 'twas that Cicero built a moft goodly and fleafant Houfe 
at VmteoH «, which be call'd Acmdemia^ by way of AUufion 
to the College of that Name at Athens. Here he compil'd his 
^Mfftiones Aeademtdtj and he intended to have been buried 
at it: but "Providence decreed otherwife. Thofe that culti- 
vated Learning amongft the Brltasns a£feded Privacy^ and 
they cautioufly avoided all Diftur^ance in profecuting their 
Studies. They delighted in Woods and Groves^ ana were 
much addided to Meditation. Nothing could better fuit 
with fuch Ttmpers than the pleafant Woods and Groves about 
Oxford; whence 'twas that the Univerfity was then ftylM 
BelhOtum or BeUefitum. The Woods have been fince deftroy'd, 
but we have an Account of them in fome of our Writers. 
And that they might avoid the Nolfe of the Town they plant- 
ed themfelves at fome diftance from it. None were per- 
mitted to dwell amongft them but Students^ and fuch as the 
Conveniences ofUfe required. Perhaps 'tis upon this Ac- 
count that 'twas not made a Garrlfon by the Romans. Being 
unwilling to create any TVouiles to the Students^ they might 
therefore forbid the Souldiers from fettling at Oxford. 
Hence we may account for it's^>eing omitted in Antoninus. 
Nor will it feem ftrange that Roman Coyns ftiould not be 
foimd in a Place j which was not one of their Stations ^ Gar- 
rlfons or Forts. 
ThcRtmsmtokenaiWd §. 1%. Notwithftanding OxFORD was neither 
at Oxford Some ireii.«iM garrifon'd, nor inhabited by the llw»i«»/, yet they 
w b^V^ TerTn^rT ®^^° P^''^'^ through it in their youmeys to other 
c#ii;*ffi»wuponanancient ^'-«^« which they had made Garrlfons. And 'twas 
G.M Pi>f« foand in Si. for the fake of calling at it that they frequently 
Gi/m'i fiM in the 5m*- went out of the g;reater Roads. We have evi- 



m See Pllnfs Nat. Hlfi. lib. XXXI. c. a. 

dent 



Im anJ ai0ut OxFOHD. Ill 

dent liraSs of a Branch of one of their main ways urbs of Oxford. Sonn 
upon Heddhtgton-Hltt*. 'Tis there divided into A<'' in the Lfirrr/ 
two Farts, one whereof was rhcdeep holl^ Wa., ^JZ'S^o'lo.r 
and the other was the ff'ay which lyes by the shi»». and Sir anb 
Elm-Tree about the Top of the Hili^ pafling Fountain»*i Dijjm 
through the Grounds betwixt that and Marfion-- Efip»Uris. Mr. Tbw* 
Lane^ where ^tis very vifible and fome of their y\[l''^ll;;^^^^ iV^J 
Stones are now remaining. It fecms ^ once to on feme £•;«/. 
have pafsM the Rhvr above Halj weU-Church^ 
and to have went dire&ly to the old BeUofium. At that 
time therefore *cis probable there were two Bridges over the 
J^ver^ one of which carry'd Travellers into the Univerfiu 
and the other into the City or Town. When the Univerptj 
and Town came to be joyn'd, the firft Bridge was deftroy'd, 
and the Way leading to it came to be difusM, 'Twill not 
be thought ahfurd that the hoUow Way uDon Heddington-Hill 
fiiculd be wrought by the Romans^ if it be confiderd what 
wonderful Pains the Souldiers took m breaking through J>f(C^i;r»- 
tains and other Rough Places. 'Twas a T^ix/Tcommonly im- 
posed upon ihem by the Generals. A great many Examples 
may be found in Bergitrlu^s valuable Book de fublicss & mi- 
litariius Romanorum w/V, to which I refer the Reader^ and 
inftead of more Ohfervations concerning their Ways I fliall at 
prefent remark, that fome Years ago a thin Tieee of Gold 
was found in St. Giles\ Field in the Suburbs of Ox f o r d, 
which has the fame Figure on both fides, and is taken by 
Dr. Floty to have been oae of thofe Tieces that King Edward 
the ConfeJTor gave to fuch as he touched for cure ot the Dif- 
eafe caM the Struma or Scrofula. That King Edward the 
Comfeffor was the firft, to whom God gave the Power of Heal- 
ing this foul Dijlemfer only with a Touch of the Hand, is 
I'eneraU^ granted; and thofe that defire fuller and clearer 
Satirfadion may be pleasM to confult Dr. Tooker^s excellent 
{hut f€4trce) Book, callM Charifma five donum fanatioms Re^^ 
gibus Anglise calitus concejfuml. But that this was one of the 
Gold Pieces that the King gave upon fuch Occafions is not 
allowed by the Ingenious Sit Kn-DKEVf Fountainei, whois 
a great Mafler of this fort of Learning. He could not fee 

m Dr. Tlofs Nat. Kfl. of Oxford-Shire, c. x. §. 30. 
f^ Dr. Plot. ibid, y Ibid. §. 07. I. Printed at London in 
MDXCvii. Quarto. • In his Dijfertatio Epiftolaris de Kummis 
Anglo-Saxonicis & Anglo-Danicis p. loa. of the III. Part 
cf UT. H I c K E s's mofi learned^ judicious and elaborate 
Work 4i Unguis Seftentrionalibus. 
. . any 



IIX Az A:c9TKt §ffime Amttfuitles 

zrrr G^ys-mJ or Fnntljfirm for fiich an Ofmt^n ; and yet Dr. 

F-jr Tii fixlow'c by Mr. IVmlktr. To render his Ofmi&m 

ciȣ raorc pliuSWe Efe-. P/</ tells us that over the Hinder Tart 

or die HmJ are rhe Letters E- CO. which he thinks are 

CC Ibsc£x:' Lgttsrs ot Elwjrd tkf C^wfeffor^s Name. At the 

Cfer» fcc has reprcfeared + o, but gives no Explication of 

diOLC two ¥zpTis. Sir Andrew Fountaine as to 

th? XTTser :iirec Fr^tr^s decs not vary from Dr. P/ot ; but 

is :o di<: larer he cifers in this that he has added to them 

rw J ocher L-ftt^rs or FT^res^ as will be plain to thofc that 

ftull rhirJc s: :o comrire rhcir Tories together. However 

cho' Sir A N D ai E w WIS pleased to declare his D/ffent from 

Dr. FSit Hid Mr. IFi'ifr, yer he was fo moJefi as not to 

pcbiiJh his own ExfUcation^ nor to tell us what he jud^d 

mizr::: give cccilion to this Relick. Three Years after me 

Priinag of Sir A n d r e w's Dijfrrtatiom^ the ingenious Mr. 

Thwrri of ^ens's-College ( to whom the learned World 

is indebted upon Icveral Accounts) was pleasM to make 

divers Ad£iiomal Nttes upon the Saxon Oojr«x, and to pu- 

blifh rheni under this TMe^ 'Not jl in Ando-Saxonum 

KMmnmosa. As he has in this (mall 7>«£F oblig'd us with 

niny nrhm and rnncomtmon ConjeBwres^ fo, amongft the reft, 

he has thou^r fit to let us know his Ofmion about the Gold 

Piece above meation'd. He takes the Letters about it to be 

c A Z Q^ the meaning whereof he thinks is Cbrifius Alfha & 

Omeza. I readily grant that Z in divers old Cojns ftands for 

^ y "bu: it did not begin *till after the Saxon Times ; I think 

*t\vas much about the Reim of King Edward the HI. It 

owes it's Origina!^ not to the Roman AUreviation 7 for &^ 

(for that b one of the Notes in Tfro and Seneca at the End 

of Gr:iter\ but to the 4 in MSS. This Note f for e^ is alfo 

in Prhtrd Bioh of the Black Letter : but both in MSS. and 

Printed Books 'tis oftentimes made tcus f , which indeed is 

the more exaA Form^ as reprefenting the e more ferj^cM- 

ooffr. Li thofe Gmrx of Edward the III. Henry the Vu&c 

wmch are infcribNl with fmaU Letters the « is feen. The 

Monetarii being ignorant of the Latin Tongue took it for x^ 

and therefore m Copis of the fame Kings circumfcrib'd with 

Capital Letters they made it Z; which fliould rather have 

been (if they would have exprefs'd the Ligature accurately) 

^ 75. Yet none were fo critical and curiom as to reftily the 



m E Theatro Sbeldoniano^ in a Sheet and an half in Svo. 
^ ^. Tet none were &c.] I am throughly convinced tlut 
this is the true way of making the Ligature for et from 

fome 




imiflake. But diere is no need to be ib pmiclir in tlus 
Pff/ff^, fince I ouiDoc (and jet I hive ofeen riew'd ;r } fisd 
any fiich Krte as Z upon this ReCck. I difcover no other 
Letters upon it than cS o behind the HesJ^ and ju^ under 
the 06np + O. Therefore confining my (elf to rhdfe four 
CharMSerSy I believe Mr. Thwskes wdl ^nd it a dificub wbsP- 
ttr to produce Bj^jsriy in MCejns and Medsls where c is 
placed jby it felf tor Cbri/tms: dio* I am not ignorart that 
the Fathers interpreted x in die SUylTs i xer z by Xe^Pfy 
thmkine that by that Werd immt Xftm ev ifk Xtni^ wis 
fignifyd: whence'twasthatfomeof them call'd our SraiMrr 
izik or Pifcis. Other AUrevists^ms of that kind trcfuppoi^d 
to be in dlofe Mffiksl Writmgs. In other Greek Msmamemts 
we have Xc, for xpiztoz, (an hUt^mce whereof Sir An* 
BREW FouNTAiNE has givcn in ms Dijfertsti^ m) and in 
iMm ones XPc, one of wnich is the Memmmemt I have be- 
fore accounted for that was found at Rewlj. /iln the MMe* 

Mr. «f/. 
fevcral 
[idly accounted for. I find it fo repre* 
fented alfo in a Damjb Cejn puUifli'd hfjMmt Bhxteredim 
in his Book Je E^ueJMOrdhe Elefhsmtin^ (Hauniz mdcciv. 
fol.) in the fecond TMe referrinj^ to page the ixd>. m Pag. 
i6^. fi L$ the old Memtments efF^bretdj ^c] Whoever 
ihall think it worth his while to be amoys in thefe >^ 
yUrr, and to be exaSlj nUe in the different Ahhtvimtteus 
that were made ufe of in ezpreiSng the Names of our Ar« 
nnoutj the Virgim Mtrj^ the Apo files and Smuts may be pleas'd 
to confiilt a very curieus Book that I have feen in the BoD- 
LEj AN Uharj^ in Arch. C. 43. ^is a thin Folio^ and 
is printed in the RuJ^ Language. There is a MS. Note 
at the Beggftnsng of it, in which it is callM : FaJ^s Mofco^ 
Vftid fer Imagines odtmirdtL The Oits are all in IFood^ 
and there are feveral Sahts mentionM in it not heard of 
in other Countries. The Author of the aforefaid Note re- 
marks that the Ruffians bejgin their tear in Seftemher. Ru- 
dieniae fofuli annum in d$e frimo Septembris exordientes £- 
sttunt in Au^fko. Several other Countries anciently did tne 
fiime, jMUticularly the BitbjnianSy Cyfrians and Pafhians^ 
Hence in an old MS. quoted by Henry Stefhens^ in the Af- 
fendix to his Greek Tbefaurus (col. %%^,) the fourth Month 
d( the Cyfrians and Fafmans is call'd iwhh. It Ihould be read 
Iffi^. This Msnth began on the %^. of our Decemker^ 
or on <^fimm^Bvoi ud thdr 6xA Mentha ftyl'd Aftdinn^ 
Vol. a. " P began 



i 



11^ Am Ae€$imt &ffim€ Amtijuities 

mments of Fdtntti^ Du Frefne^ and others we hate this MnA 

for our Saviour (having been receiv'd from th^ time 



^ 



of Confiantine the Great) and m and «» put under. The fame 
Mark 'tis likely would have been placed upon this Mam-- 
ment^ if Chrifius Alfha & Omega were defign*d to be fimi- 
fy'd. Befides this 'tis obfervable that the Exfiicatfm Mr. 
Jiwaites has ^ven is only in part. For as the Pieet k 
publifiiM in Sir Andre w Fount aine, as well as in 
Dr. Plotj there are the Figures o and + , which he takes not 
the lean notice of* As for my own Ofinion in a matter of 
fo muck Ohfcurity^ I readily agree with Sir A n d R E w that 
this cannot be oue of the Gold Pieces given by Ki&g Ei^ 
j^ard the Confeffit for touching the £w7; but whereas he 
has not beenpTeas'd to propofe his reafoos for his Dtffha^ I 
fhall here ofier two why i am inclin'd to difier from Dr. 
Plot and Mr. Walker. The firft is, that C3 o (for t obferv'd 
before that there is no £ upon it) cannot ftand for Con- 
jess o R) unlefs we will fuppofe this King to have been a 
Prince much addided to Vanih* Is it likely that fo ^^nr^ 
modeft^ religious and virtuous a King (for the B^our he {hew'd 
towards his Mother in making her undergo the tlerj "Dyal 
of Ordeal was the iffeS of a Religious Zeal) would fufler 
fuch Liters to be put upon his M^als or Coyns which carry 
ill them manifeft Tokens of Ofientatian i Tho' he had all the 
Ihroperties of a Cosfefor^ yet'^tis not probable he would i^ 
fume that Title to nimfelf. 'Tis more fuiuble with the Cha* 
rader of a good and modefi Kinj;, to prohibit fuch hsfcriptioni 
CO be inferted upon any of his Monuments ; and tnerefore 
^tis likely that thb Tstle was given him after he was oead* 
And 'tis no fhiall confirmation of this fuppofition that he 



ii niia iifli III 



began on the %^^. of September, lukie beffioffing juft it 
Cbrifimas occafion'd that FeJHval to have the fame Nam0 
even in div'ers Countries (that receivM many Cafioms from 
the Eaflem PeofU) where the Begimti^ or the Tear wat 
^fy d^eromt^ itfid where ^ Momhs obtainM other Names 4 
Thus in Brk^Chr^hnas was call'd ygle or ymU, whidi 
jMifHinp is retain'd ta die N^b to this day. S^^> S®hol| 
or seed, which is the fame Name^ is in the Saxon Lam^ 
as H obfervM by Mr. Sofimer m his S»con Di&iaiuaj. AoA 
ifkrch-bifiio^ U^er hsi thomht fie to ndfce ezpre&ly^ <ia 
YmD^ertaei^de Machhnum eF Afanrnm-ainno Soiafi [Lond^ 
MtDCsLvitf • 8Vo%i fwg. 40.) tkfit tc cornea £rott Muf* 

if 



h$mulal0MtOJL? OKI}. II] 

11 not ftyl'd Ouftfir in aoy of his odier Ofyms^ (in which 
withal his Nmh appears at length ;) nor do I remember that 
•ay of our MS/$ns9s relate that he had this Title given him 
while living m any of the iMlkk M$nuimem$s that were to 
celelirate and Mrpetnate his Mtmorj. The fecond reafon of 
my Dijfimi is this, Aat whereas there is the Greek Letter O 
opoa thii G0U Pieeey 'tis very probable that the other LeP* 
ters aro aUb Greei. What therefore if 4- ^ C] obe nothing 
more than Zf ISTO sothpi ? o for O is often in anciemt 
Jfhemmnas; as alfo 12 for o. Whence 'tis that in one of 
the 0/4 Statues preferv'd in the Gardens of the Lord Lee^ 
memfew in Nertbimftem-Jhire (which is one of the mo(i confix 
deraUe CeUeSions of that kind in the World) we have 
XAPlSTHriaM for XAFISTHFION. And (if in this Cafe we 
may be allow'd to so fo high) in the fkmous old hfcrsftion 
of the Farmefum Gardens (whicn Jefefh Scaliger has ex^lain'd 
with great Depth of Learning in ms admirahle Additions to 
EnfeSSn^^ Cbronscon) we have O for O. Upon which occa- 
fion SalmafifS m notes that in the firft times amongft the 
thoeks they always usM for #. the m being not brought 
intp fiifliion till afterwards. The fame tbin^ is noted by other 
ji^ffnsries. After the ^ was invented mdeed, the Cuiftom 
dificontinu'd; but after the time of Domitian^ when other 
Vorftfiiomt of this nature arofe, it was brought into pradife 
' pgtin, and looked upon as no £rr^ to write HPOc for HPOc. 
We have abundance of Inflances in MSS. li this Explication 
t^ allow'd, 'twill fuit well enough with Mr. 7tmaites*%Com^ 
joShre that the Imate reprefented upon it is the Titure of our 
tmnonr. This GoU Piece misht be worn about the Neck of 
fome devout Ferfon (for which purpofe the Holes in it were 
made) who thought that by this means he ihould the more 
eafily obtain the Dpvine Affiftance. Another ConjeSnro mi^ 
be alfo advanced, vis. that whereas on one fide of the Pieee 
the O is placed before the + , the 4- may fignifie either the 
Croft or our Saviour^ and the Q may be an Advert of calling; 
mnd th« the Letters Q O will ftand for ZOSON or zosom. Dn 
9refne in the Dijfertation that I have cited above takes no* 
tice of divers (%»/ that ^ad the Crofs on them by order of 
isyerid of the mojl wicked Emperors^ who thought by that 
^ediod they (hould in fome degree attone for their Crimes* 
6hould diis prove fuch a Medal^ the Figure of it will be thf 



In duarum Infcriptionum veterum HerQdft 4ftm f^S" 
toris & ReffiU conjugis honor! pofitarum £xplica,tione , 
pag. yj. 



X i^ .An Aec9umt 0ffm9 Jbtijittiet 

^ Imagi ot fome ctmpderaUe Prince^ who had been guiltjr of || 
divers heinous Offences^ and order'd this Medal to be ftrudc ■ 
on purpofe that he mi^t fignify his Repentance^ by apply- ^ 
ing to and invoking either our Savseur or the Crejs. And ' 
that 'tis really the Jjnage of fome Emferor^ or Prince^ and 1 
not of our Saviour^ the trifle Crown upon the Read leems > 
to evince ; whereas our Saviour is reprefented with Rajt^ 
about his Head^ or with fomething elie eftivalenty both in 
MSS. and oxh^t Monuments of Antiquity. But thefe being 
nothing more than ConjeSures^ I lay no firefi upon them, 
but deure that every one would judge tor himielf, as 'tis 
highly requifite in matters of this nature, which are ufually 
fo dark and ferplext. 

§. 17. Leaving therefore the &rther Confidera- 
Accoum of St. Bar- x\QVi of this ancient Relick to thofe that have tetter 
tM^mm'imf^itMntMt Si^acitj and more Leifrre^ (only with this Mom- 
oxroAD. ^^.^ ^j^^^ ^j^^y would compare it with Scheffer's ex- 

cellent Difcourfey De OrMus trihis aureis in Scania erutis i 
terra a \ \ fliall now call at the old Hofpital of St. Bartbolo^ 
mew^ itandinghalf a Mile Eaftwards from Oxford. This 
little Hoffitafl take to have been firft founded by Qu^en 
Margaret^ Wife to King Edward the Firft ; but taeRulet 
(he left tnem being ftran^ely neglefted and tranfgrefs'd, and 
the Foundation not kept m that due Repair as ought to have 
been exfpeded. King Edward the Second vifited the Place^ 
reform'd the -Abufes^ and reduced all things again into their 
proper Order. 'Tis for that reafon that he is commonly 
reckoned to have been the Founder. He fram'd new Orders 
and Statutes both for preferving the HoJ^ital and for eleding 
£t and proper Members. Queen Margaret at the fame time 
(he founded the Hojpital buuTalfo a convenient Chapeh which 
being in a manner run to ruin in King Edward the Second's 
Reign, 'twas then rebuilt ; for which pious End John the Son 
dl Laurence Sertbe (a Perfon of a religious and devout Life 
and Converfation) save eighteen Marks ^ upon this Condi- 
tion, that notwithitanding at that time he lay under no io- 
dily lufrmities he might be eledted into the Ho^al when- 
foever a Vacancy (hould fall out. This Condition was ac- 
cordingly obferv'd, the King himfelf peremptorily requiring 
and commanding it. Being fo great ancl confideraole a Bene^ 
foBor^ upon his Death he was buried, 1 think, in a Vault 
at the Eaft End of the Chisel. This'feems *to to me to have 
lieen the Fault that was difcover^d ten Years fince, when 



n Htlmia MDCLxxv, Ivo^ * Sic H. 

one 



one Mrs. nimsm^ the Wife of Mr. Gearie Tutman^ was bu- 
ried there. At toe fame time three ScuSs and a great many 
<»faer JBMif X were taken up. Over the Vault tnere lay a 
Umg SUne^ without Jbfcriftion^ part of which hath been fince 
tom'd into a Momment for the faid Mrs. Tutman. By the 
SutMtes of the Foundation one in FrseJPs Orders was to be 
CbafUn. For his Pains he had fix Marks fer annum allowed 
him, which as it was a fi0cien$ Maintenance in thofe times^ 
ib 'twas afterwards, unlefs I am miftaken, to be increased by 
the Overfeers of the Hoffttal as the value of Com and other 
things was raised, that the Frieft or Chaplain might not be 
reducM to Mifery and Want. The Cbafel here was formerly 
cover'd "wiiHtiLead^ but in the late unparallePd Reiellion'twas 
torn oflF and cariy'd away by fome of thofe reftlefs and 
wicked Men^ who caird themfelves Saints^ and were for 
pulling to pieces all Flaces where the Frayers of the Church 
of England were read. At the fame time they ftole the 
Bell^ which usM in thofe Times to be rung to call the Mem- 
hers of the Heffitat to Frayers. As this Hojfital is fituated 
in a pleafant and healthy Place, fo in former Times, when 
the Flaguo happened in Oxford (as it us'd to do fre* 
quentljr till the Bjver Cherwell was cut into feveral Branches^ 
and ftrid Orders were made for cleanfing the Streets^ and 



keeping them free from Sw'me^ &c.) the Students of Oriel- 
College, to which the Hofpital belongs, (being fettlM upon 
them, I think, by way of a Rent-Charge) made it a Place of 
Retirement^ and hv'd here in a Studious Condition with their 
P«f///x'till the Sicknefs ceas'd. 

§. i^. If any one be defirous to fee a larger and 
fuller Account of this Hojpitaly he may have re- And of the Ku 
courfe to the Monafiicon. Several other Hiflorical p^^Ji'^^JJ' J^]^ 
Faffages concerning it may be likewife colleded rorcthcRe^nofi 
from Mr. Wood. A hout a Mile and an half South- the ii. The Chw. 
wards from it was fituated the BenediSine Nunnery cbap'i there to w 
of Uttlemore or Sandford. We have an Account ^{"^^ly^j^X 
alfo of this in the Mona^icon Anglicanumj and in ^^ |^e iii. "' 
the Notitia Monafiica^ written and publifli'd by the 
learned Dr. Thomas Tanner Chancellor of N^ttip/VA. 
Yet we do not learn from either of thefe Books^ nor from 
any other Books or Witings (that I have feen) who was 
the Founder of it. From the Monafticon however we gather 
that 'tis as ancient as the time of King Henry the lI. and 
perhaps it might have been built before. For the firft Char* 
ters there puUifh'd fpeak of it as a Flace already built, and 
the BenefaSors fpecify'd in that Work are only mch as were 
ContfUmtors towards tne htlargement of the Endowments^ and 

took 



Ut 'A$ Au^unt dffome AMilfuhies ^ 

took CATC to ratify and confirm what had been ff^flf ht^ 
ftow'd by their Aneefiors. The Sa'mt^ to whom the Chi^l 
or Churchy belonging to this pleafant >K»»»#fy, wa« dedicated, 
was St. Nicholas^ as we are affur'd from the feveral Chsrttn 
that are publiflrd to this purpofe by the txeeUem Comfi/ers 
of the Menafiicon. Yet fometimes St. -Mwy is joynM with 
St. Hicholat; and in one of the EviJencis both St. May and 
St. EdmunJ; not that this ChaPel was dedicated to three Jif- 
ftrnu Sahfffy but becaufe perhaps there were three Jtftina 
Ch4fils or Churches that had all a Share in the Qifi. Of 
what bipBefs and Torm the Chapel was at firft we do not 
learn; But from fome Circumftances in the MtmM^con wt 
may gather, that 'twas neither targe nor beautiful. This was 
one reaibn that in the time of Kins: Heftry the III. the Nuwmt 
took care to have it rebuilt and inlarg'd to a decenty cemefyy 
and Btbtfome Fairicii in carrying on and finifhing of which 
they did not want leveral liieral and generous BemefaSors. 
They had alfo the Couwtenance and Affifiame of the P^r. 
who was forward and willing to encourage fo excellent and 
wmrthj a Defgn. That this might be the more canfficueusy 
be mx*d out a BuU to the Dhcefis of Uncohy Eh and 8arumy 
by virtue of which he took off the fpace of ten Days Pennance 
from all fuch as fhould be pleas'd to become BenrfaSers to 
this new Work. There is no rcafon to doubt but it found 
it's intended Effed, and, it may be, more Money was rail'd 
than was fufHcient for defraying the whole Expenfesy and a 
good Sum referv*d for other Ujes. This new Chapel was fi* 
tuated in the fame Place where the old one was, m namely on 

m namely on the South Rde of the Nunnery. '\ About a Quar- 
ter of a Mile Eaftwards from this Place is another great 
Farm Houfe commonly c Jl'd The hUnthery. And this mod 
People affirm to have been properly tnis Nunnery of Little^ 
morey or Sandford. They add withal that this great Houfe 
by Sandford Church is really the Rem^s of tne old Pre- 
ceptory. But what feems to make againft the latter part 
of the Affertion is this, that the Knights Templars were fup* 
prefled in the Reim of Edward U* and tho'^tbe Houfe be 
very much flutter^, yet it does not appear to me to have 
been founded 'till fome Years after that time. There are 
Alfo the Heads of veil'd Nunns fix'd on divers Places of the 
Out-fide of it. thereby fiiewing that it belon|;'d to Nunns. 
But as to the former branch of uie Aflertion, ireadily allow 
that the Minfhery was not only a Religious Houfe, hut was 
likewife affign'a to the ufe of Nunns. Bones and Coffins 

have 



the South fide of the Ntnmerj. The Ruins of it remain to 
this day, being turn'd into a Bam^ and imploy^d to Tfopham 
UfeSy as feveral {Xherfscred Remsims of this lort have been. 
This is one of thofe (mail Honfes that by virtue of the Pope^s 
BmB were diflblv*d for the U(e of CardinalWolfey^ whofcent 
die Itevenwts upon his Magnificent CoBege building at O X- 
PORi>. Aft the Cbafti is now ftanding, fo alfo is the Nun" 
nerj it felf, at leaft a very great Part of it, with feveral of 
the Omt'thnfes. Amongft omer Rooms o£ the Kunnety^there 
is one above SSmrs all dart and inttre^ .which is that in 
which the Ntmns us'd to make their Confeffions to their 
Gboftfy ^abir^ 

§. 15. Hard by this Nnnneryis the prefentOfr^rcA The church of 5W- 
of Ssndford^ a fmall thing, and of mean Building, ftrd. Mrs. Ji/bam 1 Bf 
I fliall not give either my felf, or the Reader ^ any nefaHrefi to it. An £^ 
trouble about it's Antiquity : but it may be proper ^^* *^*'?; IK £J?- 
to obferve that in the Vear mdclii. the Farch was K7f 1^!^ 
rebuilt by Mrs. ElixMheth Jffham^ a grave and de- jnferiptUn in Eynfi^m 
v9Mt JUtf/Ttfivc who was like wife in other refpedb church. ABookwrk- 
a Benefaarefs to the Church, and gave divers con- Jf^^jJ J^fif^ £w. 
fiderable 5iw»/away to be (pent m charitaUe Ufes •^'*'^^'* 
for the Poor of the Farsjh., but I have feen no 
written Memorials of any of thefe Benrfa&ions except aa 
lufar^ion relating to the nrft. 'Tis fixt over the Fcrck-Doar^ 
and IS as follows : 

Condidit me mdma Eliza Ifham 

uinno Gratia l6^^. 

Porticus Patrona: 

dMktf to t\n Ct^vitf e Self siofo 3Dame, 

IBfeict^ totnti me oin anti maHe me wm asaf ne. 
There is nothing extraordinary to be feen in the Churcb 
befides fbme Monuments of the Powells^ Lords of the Manner 
here. The chief of thefe Monuments is one in the South- 
have been frequently found at ir, as I have been often in«> 
form'd by Perfons of good Credit. So that 'tis likely the fame 
NOnns had both thele Places, and the Mnjhery might have 
been the principal Houfe of the two. I cannot learn that 
ever any Reliques of Bodies or Coffins have been dug up 
either in, or by, the Chapel on the South fide of the Houfe 
b]rJ«MM§^i Church, and therefore am ready to imagin that 
Iwas appropriated only to the Offices of Prayer, and that the 
Offices for the Dead &c. were performed at the Minjhery^ 
irhere there was a Cemitery proper for that purpofe. But 
^ hard to determine any thing from the Mmafficon where 
ix)c)i Places are confounded together, m Lege, dmina. 

Wall 



tio .At Accdumt &ffme AMts^Hset 

Wall of the ChgnceU^ on which there is this iMfcriftion: 
Sefukuram hie katuitj 
Sfe felids in ^tem£m vitdm refurreSi^^ 
»/x,a;/r^^fr(^«/GulielmusPowellus defar-- 
^ to Koleftonenfi imfar. de Tutbury im camitatu 
Scafibrdienfi, eques MtratttSy fraffr Edmundi 
Powelli Armigerij bujui Mamerii quondam do*- 
mini J Sereniffima hujut regni regime Elizabe* 
Chx fiipator nobilis^ atque augitftiffimif ejyf-t 
dem regihii Jacobo CAioloqite Pfimo curfus- 
Tucburienfis, in comitatu frawSo^ curator 
regius^ qui tertium & oSogefimum Mtatii 
fa^ annum agensivn.Calend.J^n.ad'.Dm'MDC 
LVU vitam cum atemitate comuoutavii. 
Jnferennem cujus 
memoriam^ necnon in deUta ejus er^ iBum 
^ cSfervantiie^ piaque gratitudims tefiimonium 

(quiff efarci iUius Roleftonenfisi aceatera- 
rum fr^diSfi Gvdielmi fuultatum b^eres ah 
eodem in totum ajfem con^itutus) Johan- 
nes Powellus armigfTy bujus Mdnerii Domin- 
usy ac e^u/dem Gulieuni fronefos momrnen" 
tale boc marmor^ofuit dicavitque 
anno Dm -MDCLXi. 
This Manner in old time belonged to Sir Thomas de Sandford 
Knight, who in the Reign of King Stefhen (or thereabouts) 
gave it to the Kmff^x Temflars^ and fo it became a Pr^-- 
eeftorie for them. They had a Chapel Yicr^ dedicated to St. 
Marjy and 'tis likely that for that reafon (bme of the Evi* 
dences quoted above mention St. Mary. But for a more 
f articular y difiinS znAfull Account of this Traceptorie I fhall 
defire the Reader to confult at his ieifiire an old Hegifier in 
the BoDLEjAN Utrary m (written, as I oiefs by the 
Hand, in the Reign of King Edvard the Fint) in which 
are contained at large the Evidences concerning all die Lands 
that belong'd to this Praceptorie-y by a diligent and careful 
looking; over of which Regsfter the Antiquities of fome other 
Places hereabouts may eaffly be illuftrated, which I have not 
time to infift upon now. However before I put an end to 
thefe Oifervations^ I will remark that in the fame Ubrary$ 
is another MS. the Author whereof was John de Wudetun^ 
in which we have the Statutes of the Benediffine Monajlery 
dEynJhamy 4. Miles North-Weft from Oxford, ofwnicn 

« Amongft the MSS. bought of Mr.lfW, num. lo* /S Inter 
Codd.NE.F.3.7. 

there 



i 



Im and about OXFORD. 
there is very little now remaining except one of the outer 
Gates '^ but tnere were feveral Parts ftanding when Mr. Wood 
began his Perambulation, apd 'tis one of the firft Places that 
he diverted himfelf at, when he fet about his CoUeSlons. 
Twas a moft ftately Monafterie, and fituated in a moft delt^ 
aoMs Place. Nor does the Parijh Church of Ejnjham aflford 
any very material Ohfervations. There are three or four In^ 
fcriptiems in it that may be of ufe to an jintiq^uary^ but the 
only one I (hall tranfcribe at prefent is that upon a Brafs 
Vlate that is fixt upon a Marble Monument (to the Memory 
of Mr. WilBam Emoft, formerly Fellow of Braa^en-Nofe*' 
College) at the Entrance into the Chancel : 

99tt lt€tl^ ^r* William Emott foltl«tf tttf 
ttiCET OfCinfham, tt)|)(C|^ IliCll t||t 
fIbU liap Of February »o, iy84» 
Efttafhium ejufJem. 

Hnjui fuemjlatuit cujlodem Chrifius ovilis^ 
Dhnno baculo dilacerare lufos, 

Surrifuero gregi, nfroli fata pitfira fideli. 
Saxafremunt corpus, mensfedet ante deum. 
When I was at this Place at Eafier in mdccvi. the learned 
Mr. Edward Lhuyd, fince deceased, (who often us*d 
to retire hither when he was drawing up the firft Volume 
of his Archaologia Britannica) was pKas d to tell me that 
when he was laft in Wales, amongK other old Books, he 
purchased a MS*, containing divers Difcourfes, moftly by way 
of Letter, written by Jojefhus Monachus Evejhamenfis. But 
this Author was not a Monk of Eynjham by Oxford (fome- 
times written Eujbam in the Monuments of the Church) but 
of the famous Abbej of Evrjham in Worcefier^Jhire. The 
pious and learned Mr. D o d w e l l has more than otice 
mentiouM this MS. to me. 'Twas brought to him in his 
lUtirement formerly in Wales-, but he gave me no great Cha- 
rafter of it. I have fince that time obtained two Specimens 
of it^ by which I gather that 'tis penn'd in a pretty good 
Latin Style, and far better than might be expefted from a 
Man bred up in a Clovfier-, but the rhatter of it feems to be 
mean and trivial^ anci not fit to fee the Light, unlefs there 
be any Wflorical Pajfages in the Book not accounted for 
by other Authors. Perhaps by fuch Circufnf antes his Age may 
be fix'd; for I do not remember to have met with his Life 
in any of thofe Authors who have made it their Bufinefs to 
give an Account of our EngtiJJo Writers, whether of later or 
more remote Antiquity. 

B o D L £ J A N Library OiJtfi. i<i. MDCCjf* 

■ . .- afrolil Ltg.froh! 

' Vel. 2. Q^ 



Ex Cod. MS, BodL Arch. B. ^7. 

• Oratio habita coram IlliiftriiSmo 

Hege Hekrico Septitnp Caktabrigijb. 

ETSJ nalli^ unquilcn verbis tuis- Gelfitudibi, Rex II- 
luftriffime^ pro tuis ia ho*, &* Univer fitatem iftam 
beneficiis^ gratias agere cod(figna« poffumus^ nobis 
tamen ipfi non fatisfisLcimus ulib modo, nifi reddide- 
rimus verba^faltem, ubi gratiam referre neque^tmus. Con- 
fundimur etiam ipfi quod' tanta Mtqeftas totiens de nobis ho- 
munculis^ & ram fij^lari benigditate merebitur, & nos 
contra obmute{cemus ingrati. noii recognofcentes quid far 
ftum fit ^ tantb, & tam ampliffimo Rege. Nam fi merira 
m nos tu^ dilikentius penfitemus, nihil vel ab optimo Rege 
fiibditis^ vel ab amantiffimo parente filiis, liberalius potuit 
cxhibcn, quam regia tua erga nos pietas eftecit. & cumula* 
idus quidem quid k te aut exlpbdhare, aut defidtrare poffemus ? 
Ciii pietati fi^on verbis faltem ref^ondere conaremur (quum 
rebus impoffibile fit) maximum mgratitudinis vitium non 

M Or'afio bMta &c.] ex quo volunv^n hocce fecundum 
prpdiit vir amiciffimus & ddaiffimus Hilkias Be p- 
F u R D J u s, A. M. & non ita pridem CoUegii D. Joannis 
Evangeliftx apud Cantahiglenfes focius, per litreras fumma 
humanttate pro more fuo me docuit Owtipnis iftius aq- 
Aorem fuifle virum celeberrimiim Joamum Fijberum^ t^MC- 
{;qpumRoffenfem^ qui coram rege (CVi»/^W£iii? commoran- 
te) anno is'oy. habuit^ Hoc pempe didicit.BfipFORDius 
k, Viro non minus probitate quam eruditipne fua claro 
Thoma BakerO, S.T. B. & ejufdem. CoUegii focio; 
qui porro, in antiquitatibus noftri?. verfati(5mus, fe voce 
d»/4^r^/ji coUcgit exemplar quo ufqs fum non fuiffe fcri- 
pjCum regnante Henrico vll. quo tempore vel Cantehigia 
vel Canttkrigiay noil Cantabrtgla^ Scribis ir^ ufu fuit, fi mo- 
do fides Regiftris aliifque Codicibus guos aon femel con- 
fuluit. Gratio habita^ Anno fortean MDV«Regnixi. Sed 
valde dubito. DUcuiti>nt alii, 

iqjuria 



: is. 



Of^i# baiita coram H £ N R I c o Stptimo* 
injuria nofMs impucari pocuic : & nos non novis folum bene- 
ticiis edemus indigni, fed & veteribus privandi quam meri- 
tiiTime. 

Dicemus igitur primum de mamicudine tua, quag tanto- 
pere de nobis meruit; deinde noftram nccellitatem, in qua 
tunc (uimus^ exponemus; & fie merita poftremo comme- 
morabimus in nos tua. 

Nemioi dubium efle poteft quin quanto is qui dederic ali- 
((uid major eft, tanto majores illi debentur gratias. Eatcnus 
igirur de tua magnitudine loqui jam cupimus, quatenus ap- 
pareat auantis agendis eidem gratiis ODnoxii fumus. Non 
auod vetimus panegyricum agere laudum tuarum,quod digne 
neri vix ab eioquenciinmo poteft, aut conciliare nobis am- 
piiorem pietatem vanis & blandis afTentationibus^quibus tuas 
aures ofrenderemus potius, & nos rem ageremus nobis & 
noftris profefEonibus indigniflimam; fed magis ut officium 
impendamus noftrum, quod praetermittere non poiTumus, 
niu reos ingratitudinis maximae nos redderemus. Viri fem- 
pcr illi qui magni futuri eflent (ut piurimum) ortus habue- 
nint admirabiles : multifque & ma^nis vitx dilcriminibus ex- 
ponebantur; adeo ut niu mira Dei ipfius difpenfatione prae- 
lervarentur periiflent facpenumero. Cujus rei exemplis ple- 
ni funt gentuium hiftoriarum libri,in quibus nemo defcriptus 
eft magnus. cujus ortus non aliqua re infi^ni notarctur, & 
vicx (uccemis non multis plenus eflet di^riminibus. 

Sed ut gentiles omittam, ad facras hiftorias venio, in quibus 
de Moffe lUo traditur, qui magnus dux populi Jfraelitici futu- 
rus eflet, quod pater ejus in fomnis admonebatur uxorem co- 
gnofceret, a qua abftinuit metu mortis k rege Mgyfito intermi- 
natde maScQlisHetraorum nafcituris. Ipfe etiam parvulus Moy^ 
fes nioi ut in lucem editus fuerat, repofitus in fifcella fcirpea, 
fiu^bu8& aquarumdifcriminiexponebatur: necdefuittameii 
,<tivinabenignita6 quae Uium tutaretur quoadTveherit in maniis 
^aellegisP^4friftfMr,kqua multo diligentius educabatur,quam 
ab ipfisparentibus fuiflfetfaftum. Admonebatur rex per praefa- 
jiQS regni fui ut morti ilium traderet^tanquam regno per niciem 
Jiiturum, fed Deo Optimo Maximo rem curante non eft per- 
miffiiB. Quasfitus deinde ad necem Moyfes quod ^gjftium 
.quendam interemiftet, vix periculum evafit: patriam m c^ua 
natus fiiit relinquens, ad deferta fe contulit : ubi & mira- 
biliter providit illi Deus Qui & ilium reduxit in JEgyptum. 
& ducem populi Ifraelitlcl conltituit, multa pro eo oftendens 
prodigia, tarn in ipfa JEgyfto quam in Maris Rubri tranfitu : 
m difcrimine famis & fitis: in variis feditionibus plebis fuas 
adverfus eum : in bellis etiam non paucis, quae cum externis 
gerebat^ in quibus omoibus, 6c aliis periculis innumeris. 



114 t>rat!o hahita coram Henrico Septmo. 

protcdor ei Deus affiiit fcmpcr quoad tandem «illi valde of- 
fcnderit, ob quod iratus Deus non permifit ingredi promif- 
fionis terram. 

Sed quorfum ifta? Nimirum ut intelligamus cjuanta fit 
magnitudo tua Rex lUuftriffime. qui tarn niirabilicer natus 
fcs, atque in lucem editus ^ nooiliffima Principe genitrice 
tua, nunc pra&fenti, quae turn annum non implevit quart um- 
decimum. Rarus protedo partus & infolitus,ipfaque (ut cer- 
uimus) non magnsc ftaturae femina eft : at multo tunc (ut 
afferitur) minoris fuit; adeo ut miraculum cundlis videbatur 
in illis annis, & in ilia corporis parvitate gnatum aliquem, 
maxime tarn procerum, tarn elegantem edidifle. 

De periculis vero & difcrimmibus vit« maximis, quse, 
Deo auftore, per omnem aetatem tuam ad hsec ufque tem^- 
pora evaferis, longum eflet enarrare, 6c dies ante deficeret, 
• quam exitum invenirem. Nam & dum in utero portaret 
te mater, vix difcrimen peftis evafifti, quae teneriores foetus 
facile confuevit interimere, de qua & pater tuus Princ^ps II- 
luftris interiit. 

Mater deinde viro orbata te peperit orphanum, k cujus 
uberibus mox abftradus, illorum cuftodiae traditus fueras, 
qui bellis affiduis implicabantur, Caftellum, quo tenebaris, 
obfeffum in manus inimicorum tuorum venit : qui tamen, Deo 
ita providente,te(ut prxclarumfanguinem deceret) educave- 
runt egregie. Indoiquaefitus ad necem, patriam deferens, ubi 
ad cognatum tuum Regem Francorum ire deftinaveras in Mi- 
noris Britannia Ducem utilius incidifti, auanquam ab eo rur- 
fum tanquam captivus detinebare. Sed pace cum eo fafta, 
■quum in patriam redire ftatuifti, ^tanto ventorum impetu 
claffis tua jaftabatur, ut vi compulfus retro retulifti pedem, 
Deo rem ita difponente^ ne forte in manus inimicorum tuo- 
rum veniffes, qui tunc mfidias pararant tibi. Poft haec Br/- 
tanni te venalem oflFerebant capitalibus inimicis tuis, nihil 
magis quam tuum fenguincm fitientibus. Quid multis? Con- 
venit inter eos de pecunia : fed Tu interea^ Deo mirabiliter 
fubveniente, cum tuis omnibus efHigjifti falvus in Galliatn. 
Undc quum denuo tentarcs venire in patriam, dirigente 
tunc tuum iter & profperante Deo, parva manu ingreflus 
hoc tuum regntim, Regem qui tunc fuit cum univerfo ipfius 
exercitu fudifti quamprimum. In folio demum confirmatus 
(mejefu!) quot adverfae fortunae machinatas infidias ? quot 

})roditiones clanculum excogiratas? quot murmura 8f rebel-* 
iones nefariorumPquoc formidanda, ob eventum maxima 



f Forfan, iUe. 

anci- 



OfMtto baiita coram H £ K R I c o Septmo. ' tftf 

ftndpitem, proelia (qu« nos omnes rccenti adhuc mcmoria 
tehemus) tu ad ruam ingentem gloriam, non nifi divinitus, 
fuperafli femper ? Hxc una res nobis ad magnitudinem 
niam comproDandam abunde fufficit. Nihil opus erit hic 
recenfere prxftantiam fanguinis tui, ex multis.& fandbiflimis 
Regibus Imperatoribufque defcendentem, quos tua nobilitas 
non minus uluftrat, quam ipfi tc ; non egregia tuae juven- 
tutis cxercitamenra, quibus femper occupari volueras, defi- 
diam & inertiani velut peftem fugiens. Taceo inviftam ani- 
mi tui magnitudinem, qua in eventibus, quos alii valde 
formidabant, tu femper fuifti imperterritus ; temperantiam 
in cibis & potibus, ac ceteris corporis voluptatibus, qua 
non modo florem corporis tui. fed & in^enii acumen, & 
memoriae tenacitatem confervabas imprimis : prudentiam in 
gerendis rebus omnibus, in hac prsefertim regni tui admi- 
niftratione. quod nunc adeo pacificum reddidifti, & tam vo- 
tis tuis obfecjuentiflimum, ut nullis retro feculis ab ullo un- 
quam Rege id faftum legimus. Tanta & tam admiranda fa- 
pientia tua eft, ut non ioium nos tui fubditi cundti admira- 
mur, verumetiam exteri omnes Principes, Reges, Guber- 
natores nationum omnium contendunt, quis eorum tibi in- 
timior efle poflet, quis focderatior, quis legibus amicitisc 
conjunftior. Prsetereo linguarum varietatem, & difertam 
^loquentiam, corporis proceram dignitatem, formse venufta- 
tcm, quae te Regem decet, robur & vires, celeritatem, agi- 
litatem, dexteriratem ad cun<fta quse agere velis: foecundi- 
tatem regni tui, plebis tibi fubjedtai animofitatem, ingentes 
divitias tuas : haec ficut & alia innumera praetermicto* 

Tantum dico, Si divinam in te providentiam, & ( u t ita 
dicam) ii manutentiam quis attenderit, valde admirabilises: 
-fi fanguinem, asque nobilis : fi magnitudinem animi, magna- 
nimus imprimis: G, temperantiam, moderatiflimus : fi pru- 
dentiam & fapientiam, ceteros excellis, uti fol minora fi- 
dera: fifermonem, difertiffimus: fi corporis egregiam digni- 
tatem, formofiflimus : fi potentiam & opes, potentiffimus at- 
que opulentiilimus : fi denique fimul omnia, gloriofiflimus. 
adeo ut c[uicc}Hid in orbe terrarum fummus Deus aut pluri- 
bus aetatibus in uno Rege, aut pluribus Regibus in una aetate 
contulerit, id omne in te unum cumulata felicitate congef- 
-CfTe vifus eft. Solum hoc tibi curandum eft ne Deo tam be- 
nigniflrmo unquam fis ingratus. 

a Manutenttam] Sic in Codice MS, rede. non. ut quidam 
forfan legerint, mamtewntiam. De voce videus Sfelmanm 
Giojfarium. 

Sed 



t%6* Qrsth haUtM coram H C N r i c o Seftlm9.- 

Sed de mAgaitudiae tua £icis ad r^m noftraoi) quanquam 
Qe facis oxiquaai did k quoquam poteft. 

Nunc vero de nobis fecundo loco dicendum eft, atque 
tta itt omnes iatelli^ant ce taam in nos pietatem exercuiCIe 
CO tempore, quo fuic nobis maxime neceflaria) ac proinde 
ctiam Celficuaini tua& gratiarum ampiiorum nos jure fados 
cfle debitores. 

Sed ad banc rem aftruendam nece(]k nobis erit iiantiqui- 
tatem Univerfitatis huius ab initio repetere : non ut jad;a- 
bundi de vetuftate noftra doriemur, led magis ut tua Ma- 
jeftas mifereatur (uti profedo facis) tarn veterem Acade- 
miam intra regnum tuum jaduram aliquam pati. Cospit haec 
ooftra Academia, Rex Metuendif&me, k Camtahro quodam 
€>rlentalium Anghrum Rege : qui & Atbtmls fuide traditur, li- 
teras ibi & artes qu^fque bonas edodus. 

Vix crederetur forfitan illius antiquicas, (i quo anno coe- 
perit ex his monumentis, quas in Archivis noftris continen- 
tur, referre voluerimus. (^ije & multo plura faiflent, fi non 
^caedibus & incendiis rapinis coties finifTemus devaftati.. Sed 
majori utemur modeftia, nihil diduri quod non ex aliorum 
annalibus, etiam iodiciis apertiffimis, pouet comprobari. Hoc 
unum imprimis conftat nos longe praeceffifle lUmril primi 
. Cempora ; qui & fuas literas ad nos dedit, quarum exem- 
plaria fub plumbo tenemus, quas & mentionem faciunt tem- 
porum multo antiquiorum. Fuit autem Honorlus iUe primus 
centum & fexaginta annos priufquam Carolus ille Magnus 
Rex Framorum Farifienfem Univerfitatem inftituit: quam 
nos baud dubie credimus k noftris fumpfifle initium, ab 
jilcbuino videlicet, foamte^ 6c Rstano^ quos Annales noftri 
tradunt alumnos fiime rGignaiii hujus. Sed ne noftrum hoc 
commentum fuifTe videatur, GMgitin0m teftem citabimus, ho- 

M De Academiae Cavfahjpmfis Antiquitate multo infms 
difleruit vir plane eruditimmus Joannas Caius^ Artium & 
Medicinas Dodor, ac totius ^dificii, quod fuo dicitur de 
nomine, fundator munificentiflimus* ded quxcunque vel 
ille vel alii hac de re fcripferunt atque commentati funt 
•^egie reftitarunt Antiquarii noftri peritiflimi Brianus 
TwYNUS & Antonius k Wood. Vide item, fi lubet, 
quae & nos (inviti quidcm) ante annum unum alterumque 
obfervavimus in notis ad iELFREDi Magni vitam, a ce- 
leberrimo Joanne Spelmanno^ equite aurato, lingua Anglic 
cana contextam. /8 Rcdius fonan, tditbus^ incendiis & ra- 
finis, y Ita in Cod« MS. Nee fecus in aliis non paqcis, quos 
confului, MSS* 

minem 



OrM$h batita coram H E N R I'c o Stfiknl 
Hunem Farifenfem^ & Hiftorianim non infcium. Is in Gal^ 
iirwm Annalibus refert praefatos viros Alchusnum^ Joaftnem^ 
. RMhmttm ex his partibus in GaUimm giifTe dektos, fapien- 
1 ttamque fe profeflbs habere venalem. Quam rem mox ut 
Carolns ille Magaus intellexerat, acciri julht eos ad f«, AL^ 
chnnmmjMe praeceptorem fuum Gonftituic, reliquis locum & 
docendi facultarem prsebens in nxh^Farifenf. Et ifta ni* 
mirum occafione GagniiMis teftatur Scholam Farifienfem iu- 
iile inchoatam. 

Sed quid de Antiquitnte taintum ? C^rte ut noftra condi- 
tio, qua tunc fiiimus qutndo benigniflinus oculis tua Ma- 
jefhis nos intueri coeperit, magis appareat miferanda. Nam 
fi {trifle felicem fummum mileriae genus fit ; illi profeda 
miferiores tanto putandi fiint, quanto majores cauflas noo 
mmimas felicitatis habuerunt. An parva res eft Faripef^em 
gloriam ex his fedibus initium accepifle : tantum lumen: 
quantum nunc Parijms acceniiim eft ab Aftglorum fapientia^ 
fhiOedifiufum? 

Sed dc antiquitatem mirum in modum fapientes viri fem«» 
per coiendam exiftimabant atque venerandam. 

Ob utramque igitur cauffiim noftra conditio non minima 
Aiit. Addo quod Regibus co^atis iic Progenitoribus tuis 
tam chari dim fuimus, ut maxima apud eos gratia floruimus 
(femper, Htt»r/f»x tertius, J5</i;ifr<fex primus, Edvardus {eain^ 
dus, Edvarduf tertius, RicharJus fecundus, noftras injuriaa 
acerbiiEme viadicarunt : libertates &'privilegia contulerunt : 
iliaximis etiam favoribus profecuti. Hetmcus tertius has 
ipfas xdes in quibus nunc iumus i ftmdamentis erexit» Bd^ 
varJus tertius domum amplifflmam, cui nomen AuURegi^ 
eft^ pro triginta duobus fcholafticis curavit ingenti fiimptu- 
sedificari. 

iXrarr/f jy/.fextus, patruus tuus^ vir (andiffimus alt^am pro* 
fexaginta fcholafticis aggrefflis eft, quam & Dei Domum yo* 
liiit appellari. Idem quoque patruus tuus Collegium aliud 
ihchoavit, quod merito Reghm nuncujpatur, tam ob ampli*- 
tudinem operis incepti, quam ob fthidurae fumptuofitatem, 
in quo 6c duos ex fratribus ftiis, patrem & patruum tuum, 
principes egregios, pofuit erudiendos. Sed morte prarventua 
inconiunmiatum reliquis & tuse ninrrinim Celfituaini, quod 
ille divinitus praedixilfe afleritur. His profcfto rebus olim- 
nos beatos & felices putabamus. Cetenmi illo tempore 

S[U0 tua Celfitudo nobis indulgere coeperit, nefcio quo in- 
ortunio, five continuis litibus & injuriis oppidanorum, (qui»-- 
bus eramus implicati) five diutuma plaga febrium, quibus- 
fiipra modum vexabamur. (nam ex literatioribus comphires 
amifiinus, & ex ipfb Dooorumnumero decern -viros omnes 

graves 



[ laS Orafio hablta coram H £ N R i c Septlnm 

graves & valde erudites) feu tertio quod bonarum artium 
, faucores & benefadlores pauci eranc & prope nulli. Sive his, 
/ five aliis occafionibus, profedlo literarum & ftudiorum nos 
prope omnes taedium cepit, adco ut multi fecum cogitarenr, 
quprfum bine abirenc commode. Prope in defolationem ve- 
niflemus, nifi cua tandem Majeftas fplendidifllma nos veluc 
oriens ex alto refpexifTet. 

. De neceffitate noftra hadenus di£hmi eft; nunc reftat uc 
merita poftremo commcmoremus in nos tua. Nihil pro* 
fedo conferri nobis \, quoquam potuit utilius aut ftudiis no* 
ftris conducibilius, quam \. tua Ceifitudine fa&um eft. Sum- 
mus enim ille Orator Marcus Cicero prooemio TUfculanarum 
inyeftigat quid cauflie eflet. quod ante fua tempora pauci 

J^iomanorum fe Philofophiae ftudiis contulerunt ? Sc relpon- 
tty Qupniam honor tunc illi k nemine tributus fuit. Ho- 
nos (inquit) artes alit, omnefque incenduntur ad ftudia glo- 
ria : jacentque ea Temper qux apud quofque improbantur. 
Nemo igitur Philofophiae ftudiis incubuit : quoniam ea nullo 
tunc honore habebaiur. Negligi enim folet femper quic- 
guid contemptui eft; & contra, quod iaudatur i plunbus, 
id quifque infequitur. Virtus namque (ut quidam ait) lau- 
data crefcit. Apud Chaliaos^ apud Mgjfttos^ apud Atheni-* 
enfes^ & Graclam^ longo quidem tempore holpitata fapientia 
eft & floruit. Sed tamdiu quam apud eos fuerat in honore. 
Statim enim ut defiit apud eos honorari, nemo deinceps il- 
iius curam egit. Cujus rei non infcius. Rex Prudentiflime, 
voluifti pro mmma tua prudentia torpentes animos, & lan- 
gueutia noftrorum ingenia, ad bonas artes & probicatem 
oenevolentiffima tua gratia provocare. De quo teftem af-« 
ferre neminem potero certiorem quam meipfum. Meipfum 
(inquam) quem incredibile cunftis fuit ad epifcopatum tam 
repente promoveri. Quippe qui paucos annos habuerim, qui 
nunquam in curia obfequium praeftiterim. qui ntillis ante do- 
tatus beneficiis. £t quam ob rem eg;o aa epifcopatunt aflii- 
merer ? Quid tuam ad hoc admirabiiem fapientiam mone- 
bat ? nihil profedo aliud nifi ut ftudiofis omnibus liquido 
conftaret illorum cauffa id faftum efle. Nofti, Optime Rex, 
an vera dixerim. 

Te nullius aut viri, aut^feminas precibus adduAum ut id 
faceres afferebas: fed ob eam rationem folam, ut ceteros 
ad virtutem & bonas literas incitares. O vocem Rege di- 

fnifllmam! O verbum fcholafticis univerfis merito jocun- 
iffimum ? Ceterum ut apertius tuum in illos animum com- 
probares, anno fuperiori ad nos venifti, dignatus es difce- 
ptationibus intereiie, atque id {)er omnes omnium facultatum 
icholas. Neque id fecifti curiim & perfuoiSorie^ fed longo 

tem- 



Of0ih bMt0 iofgm Henrico s^ftim* %%% 

tMnpomin twdu. Nemo Regum, aut Principum, fed ncp 
Baromim, mt Equitum quidem, t^ntum op^ris ^ laboris 
impeadit.uo^uam ad 009 audiendQ$» £c quid hoc fibi yo- 
Juic tliud niu ut tua praefentia riQitronim aoitnos a4 ftudia 
tcccnderes. ^ auafifacem iourere^ doftrin«, ap virtutis avi- 
ditatem? Quod & apertiflimis iridiciis monftrare voluifti ; 
quum poftndib quam haec audieris, iogcntem auri fummam, 
cum magno ferarum numcro, in pubiicam compotationem 
uoiverfis (bbolafticis maxima tua liberalitace cgntulifti. Qui- 
bus, quxfo, modis piagis ingenuus potuic quifpiam. non dico 
dominus fervos, non regia Majeftas fubditos, fed pater a- 
manciffimus cariffimos filios ad ftudia licerarum allicere? Ac 
adhuc paternam illatn pietatem opere aiiquo permanentiori 
teftatam indicari cupiebas. 

Collegium illud, quod fandiffimus patruus tuus Henrlcus 
fextus k fundamentis inchoavit, opus immenfum, opus quod 
manus & opes Regum expoftulat, opus qaod nemo alius 
praeter te confummare potuir, opus tibi uni divinitus defti- 
natum : hoc tu aggrcffus es. Prseter hsec omnia nunc citra 
adventum hunc mum, ftatim ut oppidum intraveras, nova 
nos obniere liberalitate voluifti* Sed prscfentia Majeftatis 
tusB imprimis, qux ad inftar folis refplendet, qua nihil il- 
luftrius eft, nihil fplendidius, gloriofius nihil, cjuas nobis gra- 
tilSma eft, ousc exfpeftatiffima, quae optatiilima femper. 
Hasc inquam Majeftatis tuas prasfentia tanto his diebus Aca- 
demiam noftram fulgore perfudit, ut nulli ante haec tempora 
ftilgidiores illuxerunt unquam. RediiSme Salomon ajebat: 
Inlbilmtate vultus Regis vha^ if dementia ejus quafi imher 
fetotinns. Reviximus enim ex tuo vultu : & ex verbis tuis 
dementiffimis quafi imbre quodam fcecundantiiCmo irrigati 
fumus. 

Nam ut poft hiemis afperitatem, ubi cunda herbarum & 
arborum genera fuperveniente frigore correpta funt, rever- 
tente fole revivifcunt, foecundaque fiunt : lie & tui vultus 
hilaritas. Rex omnium gloriofiflime^ qua nos poft tantas 
. palamitatestam benigniffimc refpexifti, re vivifcere fecit inge- 
*nia noftra : & dulcifSmus oris tui fermo quafi gratiffimus 
imber in nos defcendens, fcecunda eadem reddidit iterato. 

Quis nunc non videt quanti fumus debitores apud te? 
apudtantam (inquam) Majeftatem, pro tantis benehciis, in 
tanta neceflState nobis exhibitis? Quid nos viciffim repende- 
mus ? quid referemus gratiae ? Urbes dare non pouumus ; 
non pouiimus populos, non regnum confcrre, non augere, 
Scio quid faciemus. Anlmos dabimus. animos Hnquam) 
quibus neque nos referre, neque tua Majeftas ampiius quic- 
quam accipere k nobis poteft. In eis dies ac nodtes memo- 

yol. z. R ria 



I ;6 Oraih haUta coram M E N R I C 6 Septimo, 

ria tui nominis indelebili cogitatione verfabitur, infidebir^ 
repetetur, revirefcet quotidie tuorum beneficiorum recorda- 
tio fempiterna. liludque interim optabimus, dec Tibi Deus, 
Optime Rex, longam, felicem, fortunatamque diem; gnatus 
hie tuus, Princeps Illuftris, & te patre dignus, tibi in regno 
fuccedat, veftrafoboiei augeatur: vobis i)roceres obfec^uan- 
tur: milites ament: populi pareant: amicicolant: immici 
metuant : foedcrati perleverent : diuturna fie vobis incolu- 
mitas hie in terris, £c poft banc vitam in coelis xterna fe- 
licicas. Amen. 



DIXI. 



Dr. PLOT'S 



Kevereni 

A 



[ IV ] 

D^ PLOTS Account 

of his intended Journey 
through England and fFales 

for the Difcovery of Antiquities, and other Curiofities. 
PublifliM from a MS. in the B o d l £ j a N Library. 

To the Reverend Dr. John Fell, 
Dean ofCHRisT-CnuRCHOxoN. 

Reverend Sir, 

S often as I have refleded on the very great and 
no lefs commendable Service done to tne Com- 
mon-Wealth of Learning at home, and the Repu- 
tation of the Nation abroad, firft by the indefati- 
gable Travels of John Leland^ and upon his Foundation a 
buperftrufliure added by tPtHiam Camden Clarentieulx, and 
others; and that notwithftanding their great Induftry not 
only confiderable Additions might be maae to whatever they 
have touched on. but a fair new Building erefted f altoge- 
ther as much to tne Honour of the Nation) out of Materials 
they made little or no ufe of: fo often have I thought with 
my felf, provided I be judged a fit Perfon, the Defign agree- 
able, and the Encouragement proportionable, that I might 
alfo in fome meafure deferve of my Country, if I would re- 
afliime their Labours, and once more take a tourney at leaft 
through England and JFales^ to make a ftridl iearch, and a,vc 
a ^ithful Account to f uch as fliall encourage me of all uich 
Things (worthy notice) which they have wholly pafs'd by, 
or but imperfedly mentioned. In order hereunto, Sir, I 
humbly make it my Requeft that you would be pleas'd to 
give me your Thoughts concerning the Defign as it is here- 
under laid down^ and in cafe it be approvM of, by what 
means it may belt be carried on. And that bv the way you 
would favourably pardon the Rudenefs of the Draught, it be- 
ing intended only for a bare Information. 

The Defign in general is a Journey through England and 
Wales^ ft)r the Promotion of Learning and Trade, which in*. 

R 1 " deed 



< 



X 31 Dr. Plot's Account bfa defgn^d Journey 

deed are the Things chieflv aim'd at. But befide thefe of 
Profit there are others of Pleafure that fall within the Verge 
of this Dcfign, intending in the fame Journey to make a 
ftrid Inquiry after all Curiofities both of Art and Nature, 
fuch I mean as tranfcend the ordinary Performances of the 
one. and are out of the ordinary Road of the other : and of 
thefe promifcUolifly and mofe particularly a^ they fall under 
the foUoMdng Heads. 

And firft, whereas it was a confidef able Part of the Bufi- 
nefs of Jobn Letand with all imaginable Care to collet and 
preferve the ancient MSS. Books of the Abbeys and Mo- 
nafteries then upon their Diffolutiort^ and that notwithftand- 
ing his induftrioUs Performances great numbers there were 
that never came to his Hands ; and fuch as did, quickly af- 
ter his Death, through the Iniquity of the Timcs^ being di- 
fpers'd again, great part of the \1SS, in England are, as it 
were, loft to the World, lying feCretly in Ccmers and in 
private Hands, no Man knowing either what MSS. there be, 
or where to find them: it Ihall be one of the principal ZnAs 
bf my Journey to fearch all the Publick Libraries of Ctthe- 
dril and Collegiate Churches, of the Colleges in each Uni- 
vcrfitjr^ and other Publick Libraries ^vherefoever, and make 
diftinft Catalogues of thfcm all. And as for fueh MSS. as 
fliall be found iA private Hands, it would not be amifs if 
the Univerfity of Osford would imploy me to buy up (if 
they cannot be begg'd) as miny As cati be purrhas*d for the 
Bbm^AH Library: and where they will by tlb means be parted 
Tirith to procure leave (if worth while) that ftA AmanuenjQs 
Hi^y tranfcribe the whole, or ^t leaft have the Perufal and 
Liberty to taiake Abridmieiits. as Ltlavd did of many. But 
if neither of thefe win be admitted, *twill be fome fatif- 
FaAion that they are added bo the Catalogue* of the reft, to 
inform Men that there are fueh Books, and in what Libra* 
ttes and ift Whofe Hands they are. Thefe Catalogues mufl 
Vietds be of etosUent ufe to all great Scholars. eTpecitUy to 
ftich at undertake the reprirtting of ancient Atithors. For 
by thefe they miy qufckly ktiow where there be atiy MSS. 
Copies of tfe Author in hand, to oofifiilt the various Read* 
Sngs &c. fV)r my better Performance of this Part of the 
Defign, befide my long delight in fearching of Afttiquities, 
I have protur^d Sir timy Sk^mafis Ktv, With Direftions 
ftom another hoW to know tne Letters tnat are nfiially mif* 
taken for Owe another in Records, and ancient MSS. Books 
fi^chas 

Next 



lirough England d^d W ties* 13) 

Nett t fliall make RriGt fearch into all Mines, Minerals^ 
£aiths. Soils that are of any account in this Nation : be-* 
lieving that there may be as many of each, and as good 
Unknown, as there are known ; which poffibly may be dif* 
covered to, great Advantage. Under this Head I intend an 
txt& account of the Mines of tPklet, Cornwatt^ Sometfet^ 
Jbire and Derkj-Jhire^ &c. of the Iron-Bullets found in the 
Grounds at Btdminton in Ghucefier-Jhire : of Tinpiit or B/aci'^ 
I^ead, What it is, and how it grows, oeine found only in 
EnzUndznd no good Account given of it; of Fuller's-Earth, 
to be had at no Place but in Kent^ as 'tis confidently aflerted. 
Of thefe therefore I ihall fearch diligently in other Places. 
Of Manganefe and I^ph Calaminaris. the bcft in the World 
is had at Mendip-Uilh. Here I fliall inquire whether any 
Zd^er in Emflandi Of the feveral forts of Ocres, yellow 
and red; of Tobacco-Pipe Clays; Sands for the Glafs-Houfcs^ 
fuch as the White Sand at Mrndfime for Chryftall, and a 
courfer fort at Whphtch in Keta for Green Glafs : of the" 
Cole of Providence in fFalet. I (hall examin alfo the Soils 
where I find either Timber or Fruit-Trees to flourifli ex* 
tremely, and fo for all forts of Grain, and other Vegetables^ 
•8 Hops &c. for the Direftion of all Perfons to plant ana 
fow in the moft agreeable Soils. For this purpofe 1 have 
gotten a competent Knowledge in fineing ana fenaratin^ 
Metalls, baking of Earths; and examining of Soils : and 
when at any time any thing conGderable occurs I doubt not 
the Affiftance of one of the moft eminent Artifts of EngUnd. 
After Metalls, Minerals, &e. it will not be improper to 
inquire of Medicinal and Petrifying Waters, fuppos'd to be 
made fo by them. Of thefe there oe many in Englmd well 
known; but no doubt there ate as many or more Afita At- 
t0g^mtjf of concealed Worth and Virtue, and perhaps no- 
thing inferior to thofe which in Fame are far above them. 
For the Tryal and Diftindion of thefe, though I believe I 
underftandfo much that I Ihould feldom miftare the Mark^ 
yet I intend to be better inftruOed. Sich are the Waters 
Effim tod Jiftr^^ the Sfdm in r0rA'' 
" ■ , and cfthtter^ 
^»,^v,w^w^«^ »« M.^^^^^ 1^4 TTm«<w» xw «9 »^^ xwxa tamous thau for 
being the Gaufe of G^A^^-Sands. To thefe I fiiall add all 
ftrange Wells or Springs, the Fountain that takes Flame in 
Lantsjhtre^ Etmw-WM m Befi^M-Jhife^tht Springs at Le^ 
nlngtoH aiM Njfi^nham. Here alfo of Rivers that nave any 
thing extraordinary that attends diem, fuch is that at L^afe 
in Keytt that runs nnder Ground for a Mile together like the 
GvadioHu in Sfalf^^ and tlien comes forth again. Another 

of 




I}4 'D'"' Plot*! Account of a depgn^d Journey 

of the like nature in Surrey pafles quite through a Hill, Of 
the Nailhourn near Canterbury^ a Rivulet which they have 
but once in feven or ten Years, it's Chanel' is always appa- 
rent, and has a Bridge or two over it^ but there never runs 
any Water ( though there fall great Rains ) but once in fe- 
ven or ten i ears, which is a notorious Truth. Of the Hjgr^ 
of the Severn. Here alfo of Aquseduds ancient and mo- 
dern, fuch as that near Carw/fr^tfiy. of earthen Ware, alfo of 
extraordinary Water- Works, fuch as that at Marlehorough^ 
Hatfield, &c. 

Then I fhall inquire of Stones, of which there are great 
Variety in England-, and firft of fuch as feem to have been 
Animals petrify'd, or fome parts of them ; fuch are the 
. Snail-Stones and Ofteocolla found at Cumner'm Berks. Petri- 
. fy'd Oifters and Cockles at many Places in England. Umbi- 
licus Marinus. Glojfofetra at Canterbury. The Teeth of Fifli 
petrify'd in the Lie of Shepey, call'd vulgarly Cramp-Stones^ 
for that they as fecretly and certainly cure the Cramp as the 
Load-Stone draws Iron. Of all others that feem to be lufus 
Nature, fuch are Afterla, Aftroitis, Brontia, Comu Ammonts, 
Belemnttes, Bafaltes, Pifolithos, with others that exceed the 
ordinary Rate of Stones, Tfeudoadamas ChryfiaUus, Succinum, 
Marmor, Magnes. Of fuch Stones alfo that feem to have 
been Wood petrify'd, fuch are the Pillars in the Cloyfter at 
Canterbury, and fuch moft certaii^ are many of the Stones 
with which they fay they make Cfopperice, of which they 
fay there is more in the Ifle of Shepey than in all the World 
befide, therefore ftrift fearch fliafl be made upon other 
Shoars, All rhefe I know to be Natives of England, and 
have moft of them by me, and am inform'd that very good 
^^^^^, and y^/J^ffrx, are found here alfo. Of thefe and what- 
ever elk may be met with here, in imitation of Boethins de 
Boot, may be compiled a little Hiftory de lapidibus baud vul- 
garlbus in Anglia repertis. 

In this Journey alfo very probably the Englijh Herbal may 
receive fome advance, and in this I nave the Encouragement 
of 4 good Herbalift, who fays that in his Memory the Herb 
Golden-Rod, brought then from beyond the Seas, was fold in 
London for a». 6^. the Pound, but fince it has been found 
plentifully growing in Hampfied-Woodj no Man will give 
2». (J<*. for. an loo. Weight of it. Thus Carum^ or Carra- 
vaies, call'd fo from it's Country Carta, where it fpontane- 
oufly grows, was within thefe few Years found growing as 
fpontaneoufly in Lncoln-Jhire by Mr.lVtllsam Brow?i, Fellow 
of Magdalen-CoWcgQ Oxon. And as formerly thefe, fo yet 
(for any thing we Kqow to the contrary) we receive many 

things 



Tiroygh England ajtd Wales* 13) 

things at a great Rate from beyond the Seas, which podibly 
may be of Englijb growth. Befide 'tis thought there may be 
fome Plants as yet quite unknown, or at leaft fignally dif- 
fering from others ot the Species. 

To this Head may be referred all Curiolities found in the 
Gardens of eminent Herbalifts or Florifts, whether Gardcn- 
Knotts, Hedges, or Arbours; all rare Fruits, fuch as the 
Wooden-Peare m C. C. C. Garden in Oxon. the Triangular 
Cherry in Kent\ new ways of Planting, fuch as that of Mr. 
Wrangton in Hertford-Jhlrey with fuch fecrets as can be pro- 
cured in the makmg of Cherry- Wine, Cider, Perry ^ or other 
Operations done by the Help of Herbs, as the almoft in- 
dilcernible turning of White- Wine into Rhenifli by the Help 
of Rihes fruBu nigra ; ftrange Flowers, fuch as the Boy $m^ 
tyrhn^ Malva horaria. Here alfo of the ordering of Saffron 
in Effex^ and Tobacco in Glou^ejier-Jhire. Add to thefe all 
Herbs and Trees of a ftrange and extravagant growth, fuch 
as the Liquorife that grows out of the Walls of the oliVeru" 
lam^ the i ew-Tree in Brahunt-CYiwrcYi Yard almoft 10. 
feet in Diameter, the Black Cherry-Tree at BreJgar in Ken$ 
60. feet in Height before it comes to the Branches, the 
ftrange Tree in the way between Oxford and Reading^ the 
painted Oak in the WcA of England^ the painted Sycamore 
in the Phyfick-Garden Oxon. Glaftenhury^hoxn and Solon^ 
G^tk. AH fuch Herbs as are of ufe in Trade, as Wold for 
Dyeing, Kali for Glafs- Works. Fucus maritimus^ or §jiercys 
maritima^ which grows plentifully in the Ifle ofihanet^ they 
burn it to Afiies and then it is call'd Kelf^ which put into 
Barrels is carried over into HoUand^ with whidnhey glaze 
all their Earthen Wares. 

Next I fliall inquire of Animals, and firft of ftrange People, 
fuch as the GuhUngs in Devon-Jhire^ the People QiCharleton-' 
Curley in Lejeefier'-Jhire. Of any Itrange Accidents that at- 
tend Corporations or Families, as that tne De^ns of Rochefter 
ever fince the Foundation by tiirncs have died Deans and 
Bifliops. The Bird with a wnite Breaft, that haunts the Fa- 
mily of Oxenham near Exeter^ juft before the Death of any 
of that Family. The Bodies of Trees that are feen to fwim 
in a Pool near Brereton in Chejhire^ a certain warning to the 
Heir of thatHonourableFamily to prepare for the nextWorld. ' 
Here alfo of extraordinary Births, as well as Deaths, of Men 
and Beafts. Of Perfons eminent upon any Account, as ex- 
treme Age, fuch as Thomas Varr. Number of Children, fuch 
as the Lady Temple^ who before {he dy'd faw feven hundred^ 
defcended from her. Here alfo of the Cuftoms of the Town* 
and Parifhes at Eafter-Proceffions, or other Times, if ftrangCi.' 



m 



I jif Dr. Plot's Account of a ieftgiii Journey 

Of Gifts to ftraage Xii^%^ fiich u cbuc at cbilham in K^f. 
Of fiicb Animals as are triends or Eoemies to any Part of 
Land or Sea. The Birds callM WbeMt-Eart are found cndy 
• in Suffix. Fifti alfo are peculiar to fome Countries, %% PikJi* 
ards to Comrm^l^ Breccs co Lineoln-Jhln. No Ratti, no Moles 
or Wanes were ever found in the Ifle of Shifty, No liMi$ 
ox Mice at Fifbtoft in Lincoln-Jhire. No Hoggs ever known 
to root on a ureen near Tovceper in North^mpton^Jbhe. 
At all fuch Places the Nature of the Soil muft be look*r 
into, and the reaibns found out why thefe Creatures are ta 
much either Friends or Enemies to the rerpe<2ive Places: 
as^tis preilimM that the reafon why neither Ratts or Wanti 
live in the Ilk of Shefey is becaule there the Earth i& Mi 
of C .pperice*Stooes. which are poyfonous to them, 

I {hall eadeavour alfo co make a mil Coliedion of Brittjb^ 
Romsm^ Saxo»^ and ancieat En^UJb Mooey, foimd very pten- 
tifiilly in many Parts of the Nation* So likewife ot Urns, 
Lamps,Lachryma£ories,fucfa as arefound at Newingtop in Kewff 
whereof I have fome in my Pofleflioa. Here 1 {hall place 
alfo all ancient Jnfcriptions tbuxKi on aocient Monument$,and 
ruinous Buildings, fuch as the Bfibrtvosk the Walls of the old 
CaiUe at dmterlury^ wiiicb I giie& to have been done by Jei»s 
impri&u'd there in the tioie of King B^cbarJihe I. or Eaward 
theL AllaAcienc£#Air^Vfuchasthatof.^^/a;^i0»inBeri^; 
d^ frt letter ffiiif fiive^Cti>er« t fOmrbrr nf IOap« 

Suchwasd3^of QoelEtfflMMr/, whojecupaPieceof aJR^ump 
of Beef ior ihis Heius. Here aifo of BritUb^ Roman^ and 
Saxon Fortifications; of Roman Ways, fucn as SUne^Stroet 
between Canttrintgy and Hitbe^ 9drbery^sJ!dc in H^^bs^ the 
FoOe, the Ditches and BanJcs caA iip by the E^^ Angles a- 
gainil t!ht LtXM^^ons of the MercUins in Camhidg£^Jklre^ ^c. 

Next I fixzU. take notice, as I pais by the Country, of all 
notableMouataios jQaves^mrrows^e^r. which (where thought 
fit ) may be ftrialy examiaM, Suda are Slttry-WU and 
WockeylUle jn ^nncrfft^ir^^ the Peak of l>^h^ ^^ Elden- 
H»U^ the fiarj-uws otthe Dowoes mJVilts^ at OSkntigb in Kent 
wd other Pl;9€c^. Mounts at Noblemens Houfes, fuch as 
that at my Lord Seymsior^s %t MmrUJfonmgh. Y\ endeavour 
alfo to find the Ifle Bmruchus on tbie Coaft of IVaies^ men- 
tioned by Varenhf in ids Geography, m which he fays there's 
a Cave from wlience are heard the Noi& of Hammers, the 
Blowing of Bellows, as If it were the 5bop of the Cyclvps. 
As fUSo the Cave lyi^iunder a Mwatain in Britainnv^ men- 
tiooVl by Clemens Att^ndrtMnuss^ which receiving Wind at 
m Strom. Lib. VI. jp. (f 31. it*S 



Itrdugh England and Wales.' 

it's gapeing top, and dafliing it into the Bofom of an hollow 
Place, there is heard a Tinckling of Cymballs beating in 
Tune and Time. This Mountain and Cave by fome of a 
ftrong Fancy has been thought to be at a Place m Heref&rd^ 
jhhre. Here alfo of Eccho's that repeat Words divers Times, 
and of other Sounds. 

Laftly, great Care fliall be had in a juft Obfervation of all 
Thaumaturgicks^ or Monfters of Art, Works that may pro- 
perly be faid to be done Arte Syracupa. As of all Sorts of 
Eng^nes,either for Conveyance of Waters or Removal of vaft 
Weights. Of Buildings: either wonderfuLfuch asthatof ^/mi<« 
Hengey the flat Floor of Timber at the Theatety and the other 
of Scone at ^ueen^s Coll. Oxim. the Kitchin at Glaftenhtty* 
Abbey without any Chimney ;*or very unufual in Proportion, 
as Cuckftone Church in Kent^ of which it is faid (f foa WOalb 

Boe 10 a €WtM mltmnt, foo molt so to Cackftoae in 

Kent ; or curious, whether of Cathedral, Collegiate or Ktfo- 
chial Uhurches, (Jhapels, or other Publick Buildings, fuch as 
the Theater at Oxon. the Schools and Colleges of each Uni- 
verfity ; Town-Halls, or the Halls of Companies in Cities, 
if eminent; Palaces of theKing^Noblemen'sHoufes,Bridges, 
Mercat-Croffes, Conduits: or thefe if extraordinary in the 
whole, or in any of the Parts ; as Towres, Spires, Cupelo's^ 
Portico's, Fronts, Gallerys, Pillars, Roofs. To thefe add 
ScreenSjFonts, Altar-Rails, Funeral Monuments, Fret- Work 
of Ceilings, that at the Sermon-Houfe at Canterbury is ex- 
cellent ; Stair-Cafes, that at Blechlnton is famous : Chimney- 
Pieces, Windows, thofe in the Upper-Gallery of the Theater 
are well contrivM. And fo of all other Pans of Publick or 
Private Buildings down to a Bolt, Hafp, or Latch of a Door, 
if of rare Contrivance. Thefe if well defignM, cut in Cop- 
per-Plates, and printed off^ would poffibly prove an accept- 
able Work, which to the Honour ot the Nation would fliew 
the World that we are not inferior to our Neighbours and 
others in magnificent Buildings either Publick or Private. 
Here alfo of what Improvements have been made in Clock- 
Work, Painting, Graveing, Etching, Dyeing. Weaving, the 
beft Ways of melting and refining Metalls, of the making of 
Vitriol or Copperice at Whttftabley the Procefs whereof 
indeed is wonderful : .Keif made in the Ifle of Thanet^ and 
the curious Glafs-Works at Nottingham. 

Thefe Particulars under their refpedlive Heads, from a- 
mon^ft fome thoufands of others of the like nature, were 
the firft that prefcnted themfelves to my thoughts, which I 
hereofFer only as a Specimen of the whole; fufficient (Ifup- 
pofe ) to (hew that not only feveral Trads might be written 

Vol. a. S on 



1 3S 2Jr. Plot's Account ofs defgtfd journey 

on Subjeds fcarce ever yet thought of by any Englijh^ much 
lefs attempted ; and many fair Additions made to the Au- 
thors following. 

Camden* s Britannia^ which cannot but be confiderably 
augmented h^ my Search of all the MSS. in England^ befide 
the many Places that want correding both in the Book it 
feU, and the Maps, which I intend to contrive more ex- 
quiutely than hitherto hath been done, and to adorn the 
Limhus of each Map with the Arms of the Nobility and Gen- 
try of each County. 

Sir HoTtrj Sfelmatfs Vittare Anglicum^ which in fome Places 
being erroneous, in others defeftive. Fl amend the one 
and lupply the other, and add a new Column of the Britijb^ 
Roman and Saxon Names of every Place as for as poffibly 
they may be recovered, with the Values of each Redory and 
Vicaridge both in the King's Books, and to the Incumbents 
as they have been generHly e&cem^acommunHus #m»x; which 
Additions will render the Book of much greater uie than 
at prefent it is. 

Mr. IVeever's Funeral Monuments may be continued and 
carr/d on in all the other Diocefes in the fame manner 
. as he has done the Diocefes of Canieriuiy^ Rochefter^ Lom'^ 
don and Norwich ; to which alfo very fair Additions may 
be made. For befide the many Monuments diat fince his 
time have been ereded, there be many omfiderable Anti- 
quities in fbme of thofe Diocefes, which to my knowledge 
ne has pafs'd by. 

Now that I may proceed in this Defien without Let or 
Moleftation, it will oe requifite that a Commiffion be ob- 
tain'd from his Majefty to impower me. as Iceland was by 
King liewj the Eighth in the %^^ of nis Reign in theie 
Words : §iupd liceret fer omnia regna^ & ditiones fuat j^a^ 
tiari^ & Antiquitates omnes^ Scrsfta^ Recorda^ Archiva^ ^ 
fuacun^e monumenta^ notatu digna^ in fingulis BiUiothech^ 
CoUegiiSy SodalitiiSj Bafi/iciSy ali^juo locis auihujiunfue rimati^ 
ii^ ferfcrutari diligenter & jideliter. Ana as tor nich MSS. 
or other Curiofities that mall be found in private Hands, 
a Recommendation from his Majefty muft needs prove fo 
eflFedual, that I ihall furely be admitted to the penifid or 
making an Abridgement of any MSS. and of having a Sig^C 
and Examination of all other Rarities either of Art or 
Nature. 

And that I be not defedhve in any particular, I intend 

before I fet forthto confult the moft eminent Authors oa 

each SubjflMMflMkr Friends or Induftry can help me to^ 

and to tiU^^^HR of the moft knowing Perfims in the 

^^^^■^ fereral 




Tirougb England muI Wal^s. X jp 

feveral Parts of the Defign, viz* eminent Phyfitians. Anti- 
quaries. ChymiftSjArchiteas, Botanifts. Lapidaries, ^f. and 
to perfed my felf in Altinometry, Defigning, Drawing 
Maps &c. 

And that nothing within the Compafs of my Defign may 
efcape me in my Travels, befide the general inftruSions 1 
flialf take before I fet forth, I intend alio to get private Let- 
ters of Recommendation to the moft ingenious in each 
County, and from them again to others of their Acquaint- 
ance in all Parts, with whom 1 mav confult concerning 
thefe Things. Now leaft they fhoula not call to mind any 
of the Particulars inquired after, which poffibly they may 
know well enough to be their near Neighbours if but 
hinted to them ^ I intend to contrive Interrogatories for 
every Head, which read over to the moft ingenious of every 
Part of the Nation, 'twill be fcarce poffible that any thing 
confiderable fliould be pafs't over. 

This, Sir, with whatever elfe Ihall be thought fit to be 
imposM on me, is the fum of my Defign, which I fliould 
not have prefum'd to have offered to your Confideration, but 
that 1 have experimented your generous Temper to be luch, 
that you do not only admit of Accefs to the meaneft of 
your Clients, but commend their good Intentions^ tho* per- 
haps their Propofals deferve noSuccefs. In Conficfence, Sir, 
of this your Candour I have put thefe Papers fecurely into 
your Hands, the Contents whereof fliould you but approve 
and dire A to fufficient £ncouragement,andGod give Health, 
will be undertaken to be performed in ten Years time by one 
who never defires more Honour than to be eileem d his 
Countrie's, and more particularly^ 

Sir 

Your moft faithful 

and 

moft obedient Servant 

Rob. Plot. 






Errata. 

Pag. II. 1. 1. Rev. dele [a late St.] pag. ix. L 1*4* ^^' 
jr. at a mile. 

Fag. 67. Rev. partly witheout the laft Gate of the towne 
ftoncUch the late College of S. Johnt St. for inthe prft fM49 
vftheTbwn.St.