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Full text of "The Itinerary of John Leland the Antiquary ...: In Nine Volumes"

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^>\^^1 



ryr:\ 



'^r\^. 



THE 

ITINERARY 

JOHN LELAND 

THE 

A N T I Q^U A R Y. 



Vol. VIII. 



Publifti'd from M"". Stowe's Tran- 
fcript in the Library of Robert 
l>a'vies of Lhannerch in Denhigh- 
Jhire Efq;. 

By Thomas Hearke M. A. 



To which are prefix*d 
ADifcoarfe concerning the Stuns field ttfftWzttd 
Pavement, and an Acconnt of the Caftom of 
the Mannor of Woodftock : 

And at the End is fubjoyn'd 
A Letter to Sir Cbrijlopber Wren K"'. occafion'd by feveral 
Antiquities lately difcover'd near Bi/hops-Gate Loudm 
with lVtirtamBtz.-Stephen's Defcription of that City. 



The Second Edition. 



X FO l^Dy 

Printed at the T h e a t e R for yames Fletcher^ Bookfeller 
in the Turli and Jofeph Pote, Bookfeller at Eton, 
MDCCXLIV. 



s 



Ex BRIANI TWYNI 

Antiquitatis Academias Oxonienfis 
Apologia, p. XI. Oxon. mdcviii. 4.*°. 

Hsec eft Joannis Lelandi anti- 
quarii celeberrimi, quique 
antiquitatis Iblem in mani* 
bus gefta{Ie Camdeno viius 
eft^— fententia; &c. 



Ill 



THE 

PREFACE. 



^^TT^ I S with mfmall SatlsfaHlm o/Mind that I have, 
I at laft, finyh'd all (and much mre than) I atfirft 

•*• pfoposd, which was only to publi/b the eight Parts 
0f Mr* LelandV Itinerary that are freferv'd, under the 
Author'^ ojim Hand, in the Bodlejai^ Library , toge^ 
ther with fuch other Improvements as I could make from 
tbofe Parts which were tranfcrib'd by the Care of Mr. 
Burton, and lodg'd alfo in the fame Library. 

The Second Part of this Volume is publijb'd intirely from 
Mr. Stowe'i Tranfqiript, and the horrid Corruptions in 
it (which however I have endeavour d to correH) wiUft^^ 
aetuly juftify what I have lately obferv'd in my Preface to 
the V'^. Volume, that he was noMi^er of the Latin Tongue. 
Nayfome of them are fo very grofs (for we cannot fuppofe 
that they were fo written in Mr. Leland'i Original) that 
one would be apt to conclude that Mr. Stowe bad no juft 
Pretentions to the TttU of an Antiquary, had not he given 
undenyable Proofs of it in his Survey of London, and 
in his Annals, for which he was, defervedly, honour d by 
Mr. Camden and other Great and Good Men, who have, 
upon occafien, highly commended thofe two W^orks, and 
made as re^ehful mention of him for bis continual Under- 
takings /^r the good of Learning. 

a 2 X^ 



■■■■■'' s-\ 



IV THEPREFACE. 

To this eighth Volume I have prefixed a Difcourfe can^ 
cerning the Scunsfield teflcllated Pavement. I drew it 
up purely for mj vum private Vfe mi SatisfaHiony and mt 
with a Defign of making it publick. But fame Gentle^' 
men of Learning and Diftindion having been plcas*d to 
defire my Sentiments of this confiderable Piece of Anti- 
quity, I have thought my felf obligd to comply with their 
Requeft, and have permitted this Difcourfe (fuch as it 
is) to appear abroad j in which the Reader will obferve 
that I am of opinion that at Stunsfield was a Rontian 
Camp, (as there were other Roman Camps in tbefe 
Quarters J ) that rWi Pavement was the Pavement of the 
principal Room of a Hall, or Palace, that was ereHedfor 
a Roman Officer i that this Officer was fubordinace ra 
the famous General Theodofius, and that the Hail, or 
Palace, was put up about the Tear ^67^ o^^fn Theodofius 
cleared Britain of barbarous Enemies ; that the Figures of 
Apollo Sagittarius, and of a fiditious, monftrous Ani- 
mal are reprefented on the Pavement on purpofe to fignijy 
that the Contrivers of it attributed all the Succcfs, which 
■Theodofius had obtain d againjl the northern, barbarous 
People, to rA^ Providential Care of ^pollo; and laftly 
(to omit other incidental Particulars) that this Hall, or 
Palace, was cover' d with Tiles and Shts, and continued 
UiU the Romans left the Ifle, at which time tho* they burnt 
it, yet they took^ what care they could to fecme and pre^ 
ferve the Pavement upon ProfpeS of a Return. But after 
aiy as I do not think, that any thing which I have formerly 
faid ought to have much weight with Perfons of Learning, 
fo I defire that what I have obferv'd in this Difcourfe 
/hould be looked upon as nothifig more^ than the uncertain 
Conjedures of a mean and obfcure Perfon, who is very 
unfit to judge of any Part of Antiquity , much lefs of 
fuch Monuments as this is, where there is no Inlcrip- 
tion to guide and dired us. I am however glad that by 
publijhing thefe Remarks J have had an opportunity given 
me of making publick an Account of the Cuftom •/ the 
M*<w«(?r of Wood (lock (within the Demeafnes of which 
the faid Pavement was difcover'd ) from a MS. in the 

Bod- 



THE PREFACE; 

Bddlejak Library that was given to it b) Bijbif 

Barlow. 

I have alfo publifh'i in this Volume two other curious 
Fiecesy viz. (i.) An Account of fome Roman Urns ani 
^tftfr Antiquities lately digged up near Biftiops-Gate ; with 
brief Refledions upon the antient and prefent Jlate of 
London. This Difcourfe will, in fome meafure, f^Pf^J 
the want of Mr. Leland'j Papers relating to this Great 
City. The Author of it is my honoured and learned Friend 
Dr. John Woodward, Profejfor c/Phyfick in Grefham- 
CoUedge, and Fellow of the Royal Society. 'Twas written 
by way of Letter to no lefs a Perfon than Sir Christopher 
Wren, one of the greateft Matliematicians and beft 
Architeds that ever yet appear' d. Not only Sir Christo- 
pher, but fome other competent Judges were of opinion 
that it ought to be made publick ; and I fee no reafon to 
doubt but that all others that wijh well to Learning and 
Antiquities (and will lay afide that Prejudice and Par- 
tiality which too often prevail amongfi the greateft Men) 
will agree in the fame opinion, and look^upon this curious 
and learned Piece (for fuch I ejleem it) as a very pro- 
per and feafonable Addition to Mr. Leland'j Remarks. 
(2.) William Fitz-StephenV Defcription of the City of 
London. This I had occafion to mention in my Preface to 
the Brft Volume «. *Twas formerly publi/h'd by Mr. Srowe j 
but very faultily. Nor did the Englifti Tranflation at the 
End of the Folio Edition of his Survey reSify the Miftakes. 
Tins made Mr. Burton, in his excellent (but now fcarce) 
Commentary upon Antoninus, wiJh for another more 
accurate Edition. Twas this which indue d me to reprint 
it. And I have done it from an excellent MS. in VeUam 
i» rftf B o D L E J A N Library y being one of tbofe MSS. that 
were given to that Place by the late Reverend and Learned 
Dr. Thomas Marftiall. 'Tis the only MS. I ever faw of 
this Traft. Nor do I think^that MSS. of it are eafily to be 
met with, which, it may be, was the true Reafon why fome 



« Sea. 3. 

that 



VI THEPREFACE. 

^st bave 4cc§imted §tkerunfe very well for our ethet 
Writers, havf jit faid nothing of this little Piece, tut 
mite left it out in their Catalogues a/ Fitz- Stephen V 
mrks. 

This Volume fuelling to a greater Bulk than ordinary, I 
mufl referve the * Review, which I defign'd once to have pub" 
Ifjkd with it, to 4 diftind: Volume, in which I intend like* 
wife to reprint Mr. LelandV Cygnea Cantio with his 
Commentary upon it. And this I Jball do, partly out of 
regard to the Subjeft (which is plainly the fame with that 
of the Itinerary) and partly out of refpeB to fome of the 
Encouragers of this Work^ who have requeued it of me. 

BoDLBjAN Library 
June %^. MDCCxii. 

* N, B. Mr. Hearne'f Reriew in thit Bdicibn is placed ae the bottom of 
the Figei in every Vol. with proptr refereocef • 



\ 



A Difcoiirfc 



VII 
A 

DISCOURSE 

Goncermng the 

STUNSFIELD 

TeJfeBated Pavement. 

With fome 
New Ohfemations 

Aboat the Roman Infcription that relates to the 

BATH FABRICA, 

And an AccoonC 

Of the Cuftom of the Mannor of 

WOODSTOCK. 



vm 



\ 



D'. PLOT'S 

Natural Hiftory of Oxfords hi re, 
Ch. X. $. f 4> fSy y^- 

Of other Romsn Antiquities that I can certainly call fiich,' 
the moft eminent I met with \m this County] is a part of their 
Favementy made of fmall Brtcks^ or TtleSy not much bigger 
than 2>/Ve, whereof the Roman Generals^ amongft their other 
^^gg^g^'i were ufed to carry a Quantity fufficient to pave the 
Place, where they fet the Fratoriumj or Generals Tent, or at 
leaft fome part or it, which is particularly witneffed of yulim 
Csfar^ in expeditionibus teffeUaia^ ^ feSilsa favimenta^^ cir- 
cumtuiiffe m, Thefe, if made of fmall fquare Marbles^ of divers 
natural Colours, were called Lathoftrata ; but if of fmall 
Bricks^ or Tsles^ artificially tinged with Colours, annealed and 
folijhd^ Pavimenta tejfeuataj or opus mujivum fi ; and both 
Afarota y, for their not being to be fwept, but wiped with 
a Spunge. As for ours, ploughed up fbmewhere about Greats 
Tew J and engraven Tab. i^. Fig. 12. [of this Hiftory] I take 
it for certain to be of the fecond fort, it confifting ota Mat- 
ter much fofter than Marble, cut into Squares fomewhat 
bigger than Dice, of four different Colours, viz. Blue, fflbite, 
Teuow, and Red, all Folijbed, and orderly dilpos'd into Works. 
There was much fuch another Favemen$^\o\x^td up at Steeple^ 
Afion, confifting like wife of Squares ot divers Colours, and 
fet in curious Figures, but as defcribed to me by the Reve- 
rend Mr. Greenwood, Re£tor of the Place, not cubick like 
the former, but oblong Squares fet perpendicular to the Hari* 
%on. That thefe Favements were Raman, I think there's no 
doubt, notwithftanding found near no Roman Station, and 
far enough removed from any Roman High-TFay; (except the 
Branches of Akeman*fireet from Ranyden and Woodjiock^ 
might happily pafs theie Places :) but I guefs not fet here till 
they wholly poffeft themfelves of this Southern part of Britain, 
and might (ecurely enough pafs their Armies any where ; 
and therefore cannot afford tnem any higher Antiquity than 
the time of Agricola the Lieutenant of Vefpapan, who com- 
pleated the Roman Conquefts -, or at moft of Faulinus, that 
defeated Boadicea. 

m Suetonius in vita Julii Cafaris. fi SalmaSs Annott. in 
Sueton. in vita Julii Cfjaris. y Plin, Sec. Hift. Nat. lib. 3<J. 
cap. 25. 

A Diicourie 



IX 



A Difcourfe concerning the Stunsfield 
teffellated Tavement ; with fome 
new Obfirvattons about the Roman 
Infcription that relates to the Ba^b 
Fahrica. 

§.L y^^N Friday the ij^^* of January l^\l. No Vms mtCtjns 
I 1 there was difcover'd a te/feUatedFave^ ^^??** ^'^ '^ ^^'- 
\^ ment (of that Sort which they caUM ^^f^'^'^'*'''^ ^''^' 
Favtmenta tejfellata feBslia) at Stunf- 
field ^ a fmall Village two fhprt Miles North-Weft from 
IFoodfiock. The Favement (which confifts of feven different Co^ 
lours ^ viz. white ^ blacky yeUow^ red^ blew^ fur fie and tauny') lyes 
North and South, andf is in length \^. Feet^ and ao. Feet 
in Breadth. It was found about two Feet under Ground as 
the Workmen were ploughing ; and that Part of the Field 
where 'twas difcover'd is callM Ckeft-Hill^ and fometimes 
Cheft'HiU Acre^ being a rifing Ground about half a Furlong 
from the Fjoman Ikenild Way, (call'd fince Akeman-Streetj 
or, as I have feen it written in fome MSS. Alhman-Way^ 
and le Stony Way) and about three Furlongs on this Side 
Stunsfield Town. Divers Urns and Coyns were reported to 
liave been found with it ; and from the Account 1 received 
of the Situation of the Umsy I began to think that here were 
columbaria^ or, as 'tis fometimes writ, colubaria^^ (which 
iire otherwife caird oUaria and adificia fi) and that the Urnf 
were plac'd exadly in the fame order that we meet with in 
Sfon^ and Fabretti^ and the bffi Authors, Divers other JRf- 
forts were immediately fpread. This occafion'd me to walk 
over feveral times, and to examine every Clrcumftance with 
more than ordinary Curiofity ; whence 1 learned for cer- 
tain (at leaft with as much Certainty as can be exfpeded in 
fuch Sort of Inquiries) that here were neither Urns^ nor Coyns^ 
dug up, but that Pieces of earthen Fots^ and divers Coyns 
were fpread and thrown up and down here, and produc'd 
on purpofc to impofe upon the Vifitants^ who by that means 
would DC the more eafily perfwadcd to believe it to be a very 
great Piece of Antiquity. 

u See Fabretti's Infcriptions, p.io, fi See ibid, p.i g, 14. 
Vol. 8. b §. lU 



X A Dtfcourfe eoncemirtg the 

§. II.. But notwithftanding no Urns nor Coyns 
Yet 'tis a i?0W4» were difcover'd with this Tavement^ yet the tx^^ 
r**' oV.^Jr hTve" ^^^^^ ^f ^^^ /#^^, or lapm^ which are, for the 
been ailedg*d'to fliew ^^^ P^^j fy^^re^ and hardly fo big as D/Vp, and the 
that 'twas done by a Firmnefs ofthe Cement^ ox Mortar^ plainly Ihew that 
Uter People than the it muft havc been a Roman Work. This was my 
A9nMns. opinion not only at firft Sight, but after I had exa- 

mined and confider'd each Particular with all theDi- 
Kgence that is requifite, where there is no Infcription to dif- 
cover to what People any Work is owing. Yet, after all, I 
was willing to hear what OSje&io^s could be made againft 
it's being Roman ; and, to that end. I obferv*d the moff /»- 
' conftderahle Arguments that were alledg*d, and was lo far 
{torn declaring; my own fofitive opinion^ that I often brought 
OhjeBions my fclf why we ought to think it a Work of a later 
Teofle than the Romans. I urg'd, that at Confiantinople^ and 
other Places, the Of era Mujha were wrought with as much 
Regularity and Beauty, as had ever been done during the 
Flourijhing State of the Roman Empire. Of this we have 
Inftances in Trocoptus^ and particularly in what he relates 
of the €i^9i*fiptrfisi^^ or vefiilulum^ of the Emperor Jufti- 
nianh Palace «. This m^n^v^ was caird by the Name 
of XtfAiui, and 'tis defcrib'd, by Frocoptus as a Specimen 
only ofthe whole Palace. Not only the Emperor and Em- 
prefe, but the inthe Story ofthe War^ that was managed by 
Belifarius^ was reorefented in this ^s&nfMvurtigk with more 
Life and Beauty tnan was generally obfervM by the Sefi 
Painters. And even after their Times we have otner amaz^ 
ing Examples, as may be learn'd from Bulenger^ Ciampini^ 
and other curious Writers^ and I have infinuated as much in 
my Difcourfe upon the Saxon Word iEjcel )8. The Monu^ 
ments too of Mount Athos^ that are accounted for by foannes 
Comnenus in Montfaucotfz VaUographia Graca ( and of which 
we might alfo have exfpefted a mofi accurate Account, toge- 
ther with an Account of their Greek MSS. from my late 
moft learned Friend Dr. Thomas Smith, if he had had 
an opportunity of going thither, as he wifli'd and defign'd y) 
are undenyahle Proofs that other People made ufe of this 
Sort of work fome Hundreds of Years after the Roman Em- 
pire had been overrun by the harlarous Nations. Why 
fhight not wc therefore have teffeUarli in Britain as well as in 
other Phces ? Could not the Brltains learn the Art from the 

l^T^n^JuJlintani \,\, c, lo< p. ^4. Ed, Pn^r. 
^ AdiniciumVIL VoL Lelandi \lm.%.^^ 
HI, penes me, num. LV-p* 3^ 4to, 

Romans^ 




Stunsfield teffellated Vavement. XI 

RomanSy and tranfmit it to the Saxons ; and might it not 
from the Saxons come to the Danes^ and fo be continuM to 
after Ages ? Thefe and other Arguments I made ufe of on 
purpofe to hear what could be objedled. I knew very well 
that a great many People are ready to run down Antiquttles^ 
and that this might be as likely to be decry'd as the famous 
Shield printed in the Oxford Ltvy^ in which there are as 
evident Tokens ( in thp. opinioft of Baron Spanhelm «, Dr. 
Thomas Smith /3, Mr. Dodwell y, Cuperus A^^ and 
feveral other • very learned Men) of the Roman Art, as there 
^rt tit\\trviixhQ votive Shield t^ that relates to the celebrated 
Beauty that was brought to, and fent back undefyl'dhyy Scipia 
Africanusy or in any other cohfeffedly authentick Piece of 
Antiquity. And truly thefe OhjeBions have had fuch weight 
with fomePerfons, that they think it to have been done a 
long time after the Romans had left this Ifle , and to have been 
nothing elfe but aft Imitation of what was done by the Ro^ 
mans ; and fome are of opinion that it might have been done 
by fome Dantfh Artift, and that the Figure is the famous 
Ddnifh God Oudin with the odd Horfe that is commonly af- 
fign'd him,, and reprefented in a monftrous Pofture, much in 
the fame nature as I have feen fome Figures defcrib'd in 
fome of the mofi early printed Books, of which I have Spe» 
cimens by me. 

^. III. T H E s fe, and a Multitude of other little which however are 
OijeBions I have had to deal with. All which, how- Z7hazvdtd ' T^e igl 
ever, are fo far from inducing me to alter my opi- norance with which 
nion, that this is one of the Roman Works, that this ijte was overrun 
they rather confirm and ftrengthen it. And altho* «ff««; « >*«« dcfcrtcd 
it be certain that other People us'd the fame fort of ^^^^ ^^^erill ol- 
PFori long after the Breaking of the Northern Na- j^^^Un mlnii our 
tions into the Roman Empire, yet there are no Hi- Pavement n the Mea- 
ilorians (as I know of) that obferve, that this kind ^"^e of the Brieki, 
of Work was pradis'd here in Britain either by the ^^7''';^^ ^'T'fif/ 
Sax9nsy or by th^ Danes ^ or by the Normans. On the lolv'd/ ** ^* "* 
contrary, 'tis clear that before theNormans theBuild- 

' • • — - - 

• In confabulationibus fuis ; ut & in epiftolis aliquot ad viros eru- 
dites, fi In Uteris ad me fcriptis. y Ita in epiftolis quas ad me fcripfit, 
& in Diflcrtatione quadam pofthuma, imperfecta quidem fed pefem- 
dita, de parma equeftri Woodwardiana. ^ In Uteris adaodiffi- 
mum WooDWARDUM. t Hoc liquet cum ex operibus eorum editis, 
turn ex epiftolis ad viros illuftres fcriptis. ^ Clypeum hunc votivum 
exhibui e CI. Sponii Mifcellaneis eruditse antiquitatis ad pag. zz6. Vo- 
luminis fexti Livii noftri ; una cum gemma perele^ante, eandem hi- 
ftoriam referente, e dodliffimi Woodwardi mufeo. ' 

b a ings 



XII A Difcourfe concerning the 

ings in this Ifle were very rude and mean^ The ArchlteBs 
were illiterate^ and und^rltood nothing of curious Workman^ 
Jhip : much lefs could they pretend to the Of era Mufiva. 
Building in Stone was very rare, (as it had alfo been in the 
mofi early Times amongft the Romans^ and the Greeks too, 
'till they receiv'd Inftrudtions from other Countries) and 
what was done in Wood had little, or no. Beauty to recom- 
mend it felf to the view of the SfeBators. This Ignorance 
occafion'd King Mlfred^ amongft his other noble Undertake 
ings^ to provide himfelf of curious ArtiRs from beyond the 
Seas. And 'tis certain from AJJer that he order'd them to 
ereft divers Buildings of Stone ; and perhaps (provided the 
Time will agree) one of thefe-^r^//?j was the ArchiteBthzt^ 
at the Expence, and by the Order and Diredlion, of St. 
Grymhald^ built St. Feterh Church in the Eaft Oxford, 
which was looked upon as an excellentViece of Work, (fuch 
as was altogether proper for fo famous an Univerfity) and 
one of the oeft contrived Performances of that Age. But 
notwithftanding King JElfred brought in fuch Workmen^ yet 
they did not leave any Succeffors^ or at leaft but few ; and the 
fame Ignorance foon followed again, the Troubles of thofe 
Times obliging the People rather to ingage in, and profe- 
cute, military Affairs^ than any other Arts. Nor did they 
think it worth their while to rzikfine Buildings^ when they 
were conftantly lyable to be invaded by an inveterate Enemy^ 
who would be fure to demolifli and deftroy them. But the 
jiioft material ObjeSiion that hath been made with relation to 
our Stunsfield Pavement is the Dimenfion of the Br/V^f, that 
were found with it, which do not agree with the Roman 
Meafure affign'd by Vitruvius^ who tells * us, that the Roman 
Brick was a Foot and an half in Length, and a Foot in 
Breadth ^ whereas thefe at Stunsfield were exadlly fquare 
(much like thofe I have feen in the Ruins of Ofney Abbey, 
and in fome old Churches ^^ and in fome Places of the Foot- 
Way that leads from Bladon to Stunsfield) viz. nine Inches 
in Length , and as many in Breadth. The Words in the 
common Editions of Vitruviin are, unum quod Grace AiJ^^^f ap- 
fellatur^ idefi^ quo nofiri utuntur^ longumfede^ latum femifede. 
Which are certainly corrupted, and inftead oUongum pede^ 
latum femipede^ we ought to read (as Fhilaisder obferves) 
longum fejquipedej latum pede : which CorreBion is confirma 
by a MS. that the learned Dr. Edward Bernard formerly col- 
lated, and by another MS. made ufe of by the famous £ry- 



• De Architeft. L. II. c, j, 

tbraus^ 



WPMi 



I 







% 



Stunsficld tejfettated Tavemenf. XIII 

thr^em^ who put down the Variations in the Margin of a very 
fair Cfopy of the Edition of Vttruvlus that was elegantly 
printed inFo/io at Fentce by yohn de Tridino^ or Tacurhw^ in the 
Year mdxi . the Publiflier of which was Joannes Jocundm^^\\o 
took a great deal of Pains in correfting the Author and adorn- 
ing him-with Figures and a ufeful Table. This Book is now in 
the B o D L E J AN Library, and will be of excellent Service 
to thofe that fliall undertake a new Edition of this ancient 
Author, from whom Vlmj borrowed much, and particularly 
what he obferves about the Standard of the 'Roman Bricks, 
what he fays being the fame with what I have noted out of 
Vitruvius^ and it confirms the Reading that I have been dif- 
courfingof ; tho' I know that Scheiius in his Notes n upon 
Hjginus thinks^ thzt there isfomething omitted both in Fi^ 
truvius and P/zVyr, and that both are to be corrected thus : 
longum fefyuifeae^ latum pede^ ahum femifede. Which is a 
very juoicious Obfervation, and is to be referred to the Con- 
fiderationof thofe that have a proper Opportunity of confult- 
ing old MSS. of both Authors. But which way foever the 
Words are read, they will not agree with the Form and 
Meafure of our Stunsfield Bricks ; which makes me conclude 
that thejr are not the bigger Sort of Roman Bricks^ but only 
thofe which the fame Fhruvius calls fifemilatereSy and were 
ufed frequently, c^cially in fixing Floors that confifted of 
the Opera Mujha. 

§.1V. Taking it therefore for granted, that 'tis 
a Work of the Romans^ what remains chiefly is only J^^ ^^" [" ^^^'5?* 
to affigo the time, in which 'tis probable (for we ^'f^^nftu rJ^. 
cannot be certain when) it was made, and what Here wa« perfaapc 
might be the occapon of it. As for the time, I think, the HaU , or H^ufe* 
the moft proper Method for finding that out will be ^^ * Cw^/, wha 
by confidering the nature of the humane Figure^ and J"^"^?^, '""^ ** 
the Figure of the monftrousBeafi reprefented upon it. *" 
They are both of them (in divers particulars of the 0/>^r/jr- 
tion) harharouSy and do not carrjr Life enough to make us 
believe that the Work was done in the Flourtjh of the Em- 
pire, and at that time when the liberal Arts profper'd here 
as much as they did in any Frovince of the fame Diftance 
from the principal City of the Empire. 'Tis therefore very 
' probable that 'twas one of thofe Works that were done to- 
wards the Decline and Decay of the Roman Power here ; and 
lam apt to think that 'twas in that very Year when thej^- 

n Apud Gr^ti Thef. Ant. Rom. Tom. X^ col. 1117. 
fi De Architeft. l.II. c. 3. 

mout 



XIV A Dtfcourfe concernhg the 

mous General Theodofius was commiffion'd, and fent over, 
by the Emperor Valentinlan the Firft, viz*, A. D. ccclxvii. 
in which Year alfo Valetaiman took to his Afliftance in State 
Affairs his Son Gratian. The P/(5Fx, Attacots^ and Scots at 
that time had broke in upon the Roman Territories, and 
made great Havock ; in fo much that 'twas fear'd there would 
be an mtire and univerfai Revolt and Rehellion^ the Britains 
themfelves being inclin'd to ftrike in with the Enemy. Theo~ 
dopus was a Man of very extraordinary Prudence and Courage, 
and he manag'd every thing with that Dexterity and Succefs 
that he quite vanquiih'd and put the Enemy to flight, and 
returned again to Rome the fame Year fraught with Honour 
and Glory. Nor are thefe memorable Actions of his to be 
underftood only of the Northern Farts of the Ifle, but of the 
• Southern likewiie, *Twas for this reafon that he enterM Lon-- 
don in fome fort of Triumph, after he had obtain'd fo many 
yiBories ; and he did abundance of Service for the good of 
that City. And as in the Southern Farts there had been great 
Confufion 'till his Arrival, fo we ought to fuppofe that O.v- 
forajbtre and the adjacent Farts were not free from the like 
Mifchiefs, that proceeded from the Violence and Rage of 
t\iokNorthemFeofle^%ndi{rom theDefeftionof a great Num- 
ber of the Britains^ who hoped by this means, to reap much 
Gain, and to get confiderable Commands if they (hould be 
too hard for the Romans. Alchefter in the North-Eaft Parts 
of this County (notwithftanding not mentioned in Antoninus^ 
as feveral other conjideraile Flaces arc not ) was a large and 
famous City, well fortify^, and lyable to be feizM upon by 
the Enemy. Great caution therefore was to be us'd to fecure 
it to the Roman Intereft. *Twas but feven Miles diftant from 
Stunsfield^ and fo we may well imagine that at the fame time 
that Theodofius earrifon'd it with a confiderable Number of 
well dffctflin*d Men, he alfo fet Guards upon the Frontiers^ 
and order'd divers Watches to be placed upon the Hlgh'-Ways. 
^Tis poflible there were fmaU Garrifons and Camps in divers 
Places all about, and particularly at Stunsfield on the IiUU 
where this Pavement was dug up, and in a Place h on the 
Weft of Begtrook Church, juft at the Entrance into the Pa- 
riih of Bladon^ and alfo at Combe about a Mile Southwards 



M This is commonly callM Round Cafile. It hath a double 
vallum. 'Tis a large and very remarkable Fortification ; and 
I look upon it (provided it be really Roman^ as, for my part, 
I do not doubt but it is) to have 'been form'd much about 
the fame time with this at Stunsfield. 

from 



Smnsficld teffeUated VavmenU XY 

from Stunsfeld^ the Name of Comhe having been given to 
divers Places in commemoration that there had been Camfs 
at them «• And it may be we have fome Evidence that at 
this Pavement was once a Roman Camp in the Name of the 
HiB^ which perhaps is corruptly calFd Cheft-Hill^ or Ceaft^ 
H$U^ for CheJtre-HUl^ or Ceape-HiU^ or Caers-HiU. Dr. Tlot 
hath obferv'd from Julius Cafar^ that the Romans ufed to 
carry about with them laplU't^ or tejfella^ made of Bricks^ or 
Ttles^ not much bigger than Dlce^ with which they pav'd the 
Place where they fet the 'Pra^torium^ or Generars-Tenty and 
he looks upon thofe difcover'd at Great Tew^ Stefle-Afton^ 
and other Places as nothing but the Pavements of liich Ttnts. 
Which Opinion I likewife embrace fo far as to think, that 
feveral of thefe Pavements were defign'd originally for fuch 
a ufe, tho' as to others I difagree. 1 really think that here 
was a Roman Camp at Stunsfield^ but I do not believe that 
the Pavement we are fbeaking of was fixM when the Camp 
was firft fbrm'd ; but 1 am ot opinion, that 'twas laid after 
Theodofus (who it may be rul'd in this Ifle either as comes^ 
or dux Britaytniarum) had gotten fo many Vifiories, ana 
forced the Enemj^ to fubmit, and that a confiderable Haff^ 
or Houjiy was built here for the ufe of a General that was 
fubordmate to Theodofius^ and was to look after the Country 
for fuch a Diftance, and that other HaUs^ or Houfes^ were 
built in other Places for the fame End ana Purpofe. Other 
/effer Houfes were alfo built about thefe principal ones for ne^ 
^effary Ufe and Convenience, and the Souldiers lodg'd all 
round to be ready upon all emergent Oecafions. Hence it / 

will follow, that as this Houfe was built in the Year of Theo^ 
dofim^ coming over hither, and performing fuch fgnal Ser^ 
vice^ fo the Occajion of ere&ing it was for the ufe of an in- 
ferior General, or Officer, Who was to ufe all poffible Pre- 
caution to keep the Country for fuch an Extent under Sub- 
jedion, and to take proper Methods to hinder any Rebellion^ 
or Infurre&ion. 

§,V. The inferior, orfutordinate. Officer, whom 
needofius conftituted Governour of our Stunsfield ^ ^^ s^shuri^ 
PrecsnSs, was a Gentleman of Honefy, firm to the and the Figure of z 
Roman Literefi, and one upon whofe Fidelity he mtnfirout ^mmnU re- 
could intirely rely. He had a great Honour for preientrd on che 
J*«^^,,andwa8wUUngto«prefshisSentiments '.^H^/^yTl^. 
(not only in Words, as occafion fliould offer, but) ^^„,/^ cire oi^f^iu, 
infomeFigure upon thePm^fmfsf of thechief Room and cheCreacoeis of 



^ FhilipoS^s ViUare Cantianum^ p.i^i. 

of 



XVI . A Diftourfe concerning the 

the Ddrigers from of his Kall^ Of Boufe^ that might fignify (according 
which the ve^pu^ totheE»»//^w^f/Vii/WayofexpreffingtheThought8 
Modetty ^oineod^fim. ^^ ^^^^^ Times) the Miferies and Dangers from 
which the Romans j as well as the Britains^ were ref- 
cued and deliver'd by the Courage, Valour and Condud of 
this experienced Commander. This he did by caufing the Ar- 
tift to make the Figure of AfoUo Sagittarius (whofe Head 
is much like that in Jacobus de Ruhis Formis «) with a Patera^ 
or Cup^ in the right Hand, and a Dart^ or Javelin (made 
like fome other old Darts^ or Javelins, as they are delcribM 
in ancient Monuments) in the left, and juft by him the Fi- 
gure of a monflrous Animal. Both thefc Figures have occa- 
fion'd many, and very different. Speculations, and fome 
make the humaneFigvue (which, I think, is nothing elfe but 
Apollo Sagittarius, and not a Bacchus, as they fuppofe) to be 
fitting upon the Animal ; but this is a manifeft Miftake, he 
being placed Handing, and holding up his right Leg, almoft 
in the fame manner tnat we fee the Souldier on fome of the 
Coyns oiConftantius the younger defcrib'd lifting up his right 
Leg, and violently pufhing with a Sword, or Dagger, at one 
of the Souldiers of the Enemy that is proftrate beneath. Thefe 
Coyns o(Conftantius are of the year cccxxv. when the Com- 
mand of the Eaft was given to him by his Father. And we 
fee Apollo likewife reprefented in fuch a Pofture on old Coyns. 
Tho' the fuhordinate Officer knew very well that Theodofm 
was fo emment a Soulmer, yet being a Perfon of Religion 
himfelf he knew that all his Succefs was to be refolv'd in- 
to the Care and Providence of the Gods ; and he thought 
that in conquering thofe Northern Feople that had broke into 
thefe Parts, ApoUo had fought for th^Romans, and that there- 
fore his Figure was to be put upon the Favement on pur- 
f)ofe to inftill Religious Frinciples into the Souldiers^ and to 
et them fee that 'Aeodojius was in great Favour witn Apollo^ 
and would be proteded by him. Some have conjedurM 
that the Beafi is either a Tyger, or Fanther ; taking the Hlnt^ 
I fuppofe, partly from Baron Spanheim fi. But I muft even 

« In infignioribus Statuarum urbis Roma Iconibus, Fig.aj.. 
$ Who is, I think, certainly miftaken in the reafon whicn 
he gives about the Tyger's feeing afEgn'd to Bacchus. The 
reafon he fays is becaufe this Animal loves Wine ; which, as 
feems to me, is otherwife. For the Cat Kind, of which the 
Tyger is one, feldom drinks, and hath an Averfion to Water. 
Bacchus conquered a good part of the Indies, where there 
was a great Number of Tigers, and that I take to be the true 
reafon of the thing, he caufing himfelf to be drawn by Tygers 
in Memory of the Expedition. here 



\ 



Snmsfield tejfettaied Pavememt. XVII 

here likewifc beg leave to diflent. For it docs not agree 
with the Figures of the Ty^er^ or Psnthet^ on the Coyni of 
GalUenus^ and is nothing elle, unlefs I am miftaken, but a 

fal^d Beafi^ agreeable likewife to the Opinions erf thofc 
Ages , when they were ready upon extraot^nmrj f§mirm 
Wars to magnify tne Atchtevements confequenc thereupon by 
fnonfirous Figures of all Kinds. They had llrange Nouons of 
the Natures and Tempers oixltit Northern PeopK^ and looked 
upon them not only as n/Jt and karbafMS^ Ixit as wnfirma^ 
and having nothing oliBMmam^ in them. Hence fo many 

Jirange Figures on the Ccjns of GaBenus^ and fome o^ the 
other Emperors. And hence alfo fo many U9C9mmo9 Excim- 
matians in old Authors againft the hrutifb and nMsfirwns Cu- 
ftoms of the Northern Nations. Nothinjg theretbre could 
fignify the Greatnefs of Tbeodofisi^s A&ons more clearly 
than the adding fuch a moMfirous Figure^ which the Ardft 
iiath done very well for that time, and defcribM it not only 
as an uncommon Beafi^ but as one extremely fierce^ and not 
otherwife to be tamM but by Perfons of more than §rdimery 

. P<rn>:r and ConduSy and were narticularly reTpe&ed by AfoU^^ 
as Theodofius was fuppos'd to oe. The Animal does in fomc 
Particulars refemble the Grygin (as he is reprefented on ibme 
Pieces of Antiquity) only the Hlngs are defignedly left out 
to fignify that the Artifi did not intend that Anhnaly which 
was looK'd upon as real^ as I have lately obferv^d m. The 
Gryffn likewife us'd to be put upon Monuments to (hew the 
Fiercenefs of the Northern Nations » Thence *tis alio that 'twas 
fuppos'd to be bred in the Northern Countries. Hoc genm 

ferarum in jferboreis nafritur locis vel montitm^ faith an anO" 
nymous Writer deAnimalthus in MS* in the Bodlejam Li* 
bcary fi. Without doubt both Images tipon this Pavement 
ftruck an Awe upon the Minds of the SfeaatorSy who by this 
means likewife gathered that Ibeodafm was a Man of J!l#* 
defiy^ fince he would not permit his own Figure ^ or any ht^ 

Jcriftion (which is the reafon alfo that he is not mentioned 

.in any Coyns that I have met with) to be put upon the 
Pavement y but allow'd only of fuch Figures as might at once 
delineate the Providential Care o( A f otto ^ and the Greatnefs 
of the Dangers from which the Province was delivered 

« In my Account of fbrae Antif vines between Hln^it' 
and Oxford^ at the end of the Fifth Vol, vt LeUnd^t Itiu, 
§. 17. fi Inter Codd. Laud. G^ ^* 

Vol. 8. fi ^^^^HSn* Tnzifi 



XVIII A Dlfcourfe concerning the 

§. VI. There is moreover another reafon why 
the Figure oiApoUo was made ufe of in this MonU" 
menty and that is that the Romans might ingratiate 
themfelves the more eafily with the Brttains in thofe 
times when there was fo much Fear of Revolt. 'Tis 
plain from Hiftory, that not only the Gauls ^ but the 
ancient Brttains paid more Worfliip to, and had a 
better opinion of, Apotto than they had of the other 
Gods. They had heard from the Eajlern Countries 
that all WifJbm was derived from him, and tho' they 
knew, and were fenfible, that Jufiter was theyi^- 
fremeGod^ yet they look'd upon him as not fo much 
regarding the TranfaBions of the lower World him- 
felf, but thought he had given that Tower to others, 
and thzt ApoUo was his CommifKoner^ and that nothing 
of moment could be tranfaded without addrefling 
themfelves to, wadrcctiv'm^AJ^ftanceftom^ him. 
But then they did not worfliip him by the Name of 
Afotto^ or, as fome old Ltfcrtftions^ Apello^ but by 
the name ot Belatucadrus. Hence we have this I»- 
fcription in Camden m : 

BeLATVCADRO !• V L* CIVILIS OPT 
V S L M 

Which Mr. Camden thus interprets : Belatueadro 
Julius Civitis Optioy id eft, excubiis praefeftus, vctum 
Jolvit litens merito. From which Interpretation we 
may obferve that the cutter hath put Points after every Letter 
in Jul. z Liberty which we likewife fometimes meet with 
in other Ltfcriptions^ particularly in fuch Provinces as were 
at fome confiderable Diftance from Rome , in which the 
hnfuXnTM being perhaps not well versM in the Roman Lan-^ 

fuage ( as being either Natives of the Country^ or at leaft 
avingfuck'd in much of the^^nir/iifri>a^iftf^f ofit) might 
not be fo well qualify'd to fee the Stones cut according to the 
Rules of true Orthography. And of this we have (to omit 
that in Vrjatus fi and others) a notaile Infiance in the follow- 
ing one to Jupiter Dolichenus : 

I. O. M. DOLI. GE. NOLVERAT. PATERNVS. 
MIE. GV. IN. AVG. S. L. M. 

that is (according to Reinefius y) Jovl Optimo Maximo Doli-^ 
geno L. Veratlus Tatemus miles cbortis iiii. Augufia votum 



By reprefeming ^- 
flU upon the Pavt- 
ment the RemMs were 
alfo likely to in^rs' 
tioit ihemfelvei with 
the Britaims, K^poU$ 
worlhippcd by the 
sneient Britsins by the 
Name of BetanuA' 
drus, as Jufiter 'WZ9 
hf that of ThAramh, 
or Tdrdnat. Some- 
times /»fl Poifti put 
after every Lettn ia 
Jnferif>u»nsy notwith- 
fbndiog each Utter 
belongs to one and 
the fame mri. An 
Infcriftitn in Selien 
correded. UJfikelin 
and Cwubelin in all 
probability receiv'd 
the Idfter Pdrt of their 
Namet from their re- 
iigioHt C»ncem for 
BeUttuddrus, who is 
likewife calW Bcti- 
nm. or Beltnm. 



« In Cumberland pag.()94, tf^y. Edit. opt. /8 De Notis 
Rom. fub. I. O. M. 1. K. y Ciaff. L i6. 

folvit 



Stunsfield tejfettated Pavement. XIX 

fohit lubcns merito. Where we fee the Stone is alfo to be 
corr^(3:e<J in the very Letters if we will make Senfe of it. 
Nor ought we to wonder that the Britains gave the Name 
of Belatucadrus to ApoUp^ fince 'twas cuftomary with them 
to dp fo with refpe<a to the other Gods. Thence 'tis that 
we find that Jupiter was worfliipped by them by the Name 
of IharamU^ or, as it is in the Chefier Altar *, Taranus ; and 
for this reafon 'tis probable that in the following Infcr'tptton^ 
which is publifh'd by Mr. Selden fi^ 

DEABVS MATRIBVS. 

TRAMAI VEX. CERMA 

P V. R. D. PRO S A L V T E 

R. F VS. L. M. 

for T R A M A I we ought to read y t a R a m i, by tranfpo- 
fing the hMers^ juft as I lately obferv'd J' ce a to be put up- 
on an old Cofp by Tranfpofitipn for cae. It being there- 
fore certain that j^I^oUq was worfhipped with much Devotion 
by the oU Britains under the Title of Belatucadrus ^ 'tis not 
unlikely but Caj^eiiny or Caffiielan^ and Cun^^/ipj two Br/- 
tf/b Kings mention'd inJuL Cafar % and Dion Cajjius ?, re- 
ceiv'd the latter Tart ot their Names from their religious 
Concern for, and fincere Wbrjhip of, AfoUo^ call'd not only 
Belatucadrus^ but (om^ximts Belenus^ or Belinus^ on whom 
they rely'd for 5»frtf«r in times ofDanger, particularly when 
H^ars were carry'd on by them againft any Enemy ; and in- 
deed what confirms the Conjedure for CunoMin is this, that 
on one of his Coyns n the Figure of Apollo is repreientcd 
playing upon an Harp* So that thefe being the Sentiments 
of the old Britains y we may very reafonably fuppofe that the 
Roman Officer funder Theodofius) was reacly and willing to 
conform Bimfelf to their Notions by reprefenting fuch a God 
as he knew the Britains had a more peculiar Refpedl: and 
Regard for, he thinking that by that means he fliould gain 
upon their Affe&ions^ and make them have a much better 
opinion of the Romans than perhaps otherwife th^y might 
be inclin'd to have, and fo keep them off from joyning and 
ftriking in with the publick Enemy. 



« Which is now prefervM in the TheaterY^Ltd at Oxforp, 
juft under the PwwVv-School. fi De ols Syris Syntag. II. 
c. 1. y. See Elias Schelius de dI s Germanis p. ii8. I In 
my Preface to the Sixth Vol. of Leland's Itin. pag. XL 
f De bello GalL 1. V. cXI. ? Lib. LX. p. 6yi. Hanov, 
%iDC VI. « Apud Camd, p. 6±. Ed. opt. 

ci §.VIL^TwA5 



XX A Difcourfe contemhg the 

^. VII. 'TwAS out of Refped and Devotion to 

.. TK ?'•'''•?' f^' ApcUo (who was looked upon by the Ancients as the 

if^c^wh^ ^Z firft that play'd upon the lUrrp and was call'd the 

ceedf from (be H^rp, God oi Harpers) that the ffld Bntams lo much ae- 

Thii Cufi^M (>erhaDs lighted ia that fort of Mufick which proceeds from 

receivM from ttje ^he Harp. And for that reafon the Brhijh Bards^ 

^:%J^ntt^ Poets or Songfiersus'd to celebrate the /i«,.ir.^5^. 

Figare« of oar Stunf- ons of their Ancefiors on the Nabhum, or Ctnjra^ 

field Fsvtment had Thefe Bards, or Songfters, are the fame that the 

iome refpeft lo the Greeks call'd #wiW, and 'tis probable that they re- 

thil i th^^ if he ^^^v'd the Cupm from the E^/n-^ Nations (as with- 

had had no regard to out doiibt they did divers other Cujioms) where a- 

that ftory, the Ckpm mongft the Greeks 'twas ufual to recite the Praifes 

of the Remain ufm^ o^ Apollo in Verfe. Hence thefe Verfes of Uefiod^ 

IfyTln the 1««; ^»^« ^"-e prefervM by theGr..*Schdiaft of PW^r •; 

Timfs of the Empire, ^ A«Af mt w^^m i>», K, Of<«^ «ei»*i, 

woqid have been e- Af lAw^ e# Mtfftri tff«y«fff f«s4^«mf Milir 

nough to ja^iiy and 4^«iC«y AwoX^mtt Xfvt^f^j fi *f rixi A«V#. 

"*"/" K ' dVof^ihi And as this was thePraftife ofthemofi earhBrifains^ . 

kM. ^'^ ^ believe that 'twas kept up even in the latterPart 

of the B^man Bfnpire in thefe Countries, and that the 
Jiomans, when the Stunsfield HaU^2,s raisM and adorned with 
this Favement, conformed themfelves with much Zeal to the 
fame Cuftom. So that were there no other reafon, this were 
ftifficient why ApoUo at this time fliould be fix'd upon before 
any of the other Qods. He is often reprefented on Coyns 
wi.h a Tat era in his right Hand, which is not only a necef- 
fary Inftrument in Matters of Sacrifice, but is alfo on fome 
Coyns y an Emblem of Providence, as it is in others a Token 
of Plentjf and Fruitfulnefs, particularly in thofc of Vefpafian 
iirc. which have the Image of Sahs^ and in thofe of r Fatc^ 
ftina, the Wife of Hadrian, whicn have on the Reverfc 

n Nem. Ilf ^ Not 'iv vt KfXvViy. as in the Oxford and 
other £dd. y Such as thofe of Claudius Gothitus, which 
have on the Reverfe providavq, zndfigurafiohtaftans^ 
d. pateram, f, haftam puram. i" Hither ai'e hkewife to be 
referr'd thofe Coyns on which Cyhle ( the ho^^l Qoddefs of 
the Smyrnisans) is reprefented with a towcr?d Head (and on 
fome of them a Lyon at her Feet) and having her left Hand 

Placed on a Ct^p, which denotes plentv of Wine in thofe 
arts. Whence Fliny lib. XVI. §. i. M. Varro auSor efi^ 
mi tern f^tfTe Smyrna afud Matroum biftram. Matroum is the 
Temple (at Smyrna) of CyMe, the Mother of the Gods ; and 
jho' It be read Smyrnof apud mare in the old Editions, yet 

Hardui^ 



Stunsfield teJfeUaUd Pavement. XXt 

tVNONi RKGiNAE, and a Patera in one Hand and a 
Sfear in the other. Which may alfo, in fome meafure. fliew 
that the Emblem of Plenty is properly enough joyn'a with 
Military Infifkments^ efpecially when we are certain there 
hath been any ViSory^ as we are fure there was in the Cafe 
of our Stunsjield Antiquity^ provided it was cccafion'd by 
TheoJopMs's Succefs* The Ornaments of the Dart^ or JaveUn^ 
(which is made but odly) is the reafon why fome have fuf- 

J)e(9ted it to be a thyrjus ; but I have feen the Dart^ or Jave^ 
in^ adornM ia the fame manner almoft in fome other M0^ 
numents of Antiquity : and the Contriver added this Lfflru^ 
menton purpofe, unlefs I am miftaken, to iignify that he in- 
tended by It Afollo Sapttarius. I am apt to think alfo thac 
fome Regard was had in defignitig thefe Figures to the ftory 
of Af oilers killing the Python^ whence he was denominated 
Afollo Pythiuf^ and folemn Games were inftituted in Com- 
memoration of the FaSf ; and it feems to me that it was fo 
headed at both Ends (unlefs we will think wiih fome that 
this is wholly owing to the Artift^s JFancy) by way of Allu- 
fion to the Jfhula that were faid to be made ufe of by Apollo 
in that A6iion. This Serpent was 9f fo ftrange and terrible a 
kind, that nothing like it had hardly been feen or heard of 

ffarJuin hath fliew'd from feveral good MSS, that Smyrna 
apud Matroum is the true Reading, We may withal take no- 
tice of thofe Coyns which have a Figure with a Vatera in the 
right Hand, and a Palm Branch in the left, fignifying thac 
Plenty is a Confequence of ViBory and Succefs. Several of 
thefe Coyns have oeen found at Cirencefler in Gloucefier-Jbtrej 
fome of which were fhew'd me, with divers other Antiqui- , 

ties of the fame nature, by my late modeft and virtuous Friend, 
the Reverend Mr. Christopher Wase B. D. Fellow 
of Corpus Chrijli Coll. ( and Son to that eminent Philolo^er 
Mr. Christopher Wase, Superior Beadle of the Ctvil 
l^aTP in) Oxford, who moreov^er not long before his 
Deaths (which happened, to the no fmall Reludtance of all 
who were acquainted with his great Virtues, on Wednefday 
* April ph. MDccxi.) gave me an Account (^f a RomanPave^ 
ment de tejfellis verfcolorihus (as this at StunsfiM is) that had 
been difcoverM there fome time before, and is now in 
PoffefSon of Mr. Mafiers^ a very honeft, worthy Gentleman 
of that Place. Others have alfo been found in the fame 
PUce^ one of which Mr. Leland mentions, [ J?/». Vol. V. 
foh df .] as there have in many Places befides in England^ 



April yth.] Leg, April 4'^. 

before j 



XXII -^ Dtfcourfi coftcermng the 

before ; and very odd Notions were conceived by the Aar. 

€ii»ts about it : 

■■ fed te ifiio^ue tnaxime Fphon 

Turn genuit ; fofuJifque novts^ tncognite ferpens^ 

Terror eras n, 

It was fupposM topoflefs nine Acres of Land ^ and no one 
could be thought to have Ability enough to overcome it, but 
one of that confimmate fP/fdom as Afollo was fupposM to be. 
Others fupposM that 'twas not a Serpent that jipollo kill'd, 
but % fierce and monstrous Itohher named Fjtho^ and firnam'd 
Draco. So Ephorus m the IX*'*. Book ot Strabo /8 ; Tmkam 
m^ nJ>fM rktH/^y hnio^ttnf H Lftinsmm. Suidas in his Account 
\ of the Word calls this Tython Delphin^s. e«ai»>» ii Aia- 

%» taUtHw • AitvJMuw. In which Relation (notwithftanding he 
docs not quote him) he foUow'd Apollontus Rbodius's ArgO" 
nauticks^ 1. II. v. 707; 

KSf^ tm tn yffu^Sf 'in icX%ns^iJ{$ai }4yi0uf. 

Upon which the SchoUaft : «ii Aixpmi l/tuxSn • fuXmasm rl 
h AiA^Tc Xfnrne^ff, AittBi^^ 1$ KMJtiiti0i;c$s »»». Since there- 
fore their Notions of this Creature were fo various^ and they 
had conceived {\xc\ifirange Opinions about it, we ought not to 
wonder that none were able to give any exoB Reprefenta^ 
tions of it, but rely'd upon their own Fancies in their Defcri- 
ptions ; and 'tis podible our Stunsfield Artlfi might think the 
Tython to have been, in fome meafure, like tne Figure he 
bath given in this Pavement ^ and to be a prt^er Emilem of 
the Ifrutijh znd favage Tempers of the Northern Enemies that 
had infefted this Kinidom. and been overcome by Theodofius. 
That too which renders it ftill more likely that the Artjft had 
the Pythian Story in his View is this, that in the latter Times 
of the Empire trie Romans (as alfo the Saxons and Danes did 
afterwards ) usM a Dragon y inftead of an Eagle in their En^ 



m Ovid. Metamorph. lib. I. v. 4^9. fi Pag. 42a. Edit. 
Cafaub. y Hence ^tis that we have a Dragon (and not a 
vtnged Panther^ as fome would have it) in one of the Banners 
in Tab. 8. of a very curious Book call'd Sigifmundi Augufil 
Mantuam adeuntis frofeBio ac trium^hus ; in which is great 
variety of Roman Anti^uits?s that will be not only extremely 
pieafant^ but of admirable Ufe to fuch as (hall think fit to ad-^ 
did themfelves to thefe Studies. 



Stunsfield tefeUattd Tavement. XXIII 

fgnf, as is noted by Mr, Camden m from Clauitan and Neme^ 
/«» : and even that Cuftom were enough to juftify the Artift^s 
Defcription of fuch a Creature in any Curious MofaUk Work 
if he had had no manner 6f Regard to what was related of 
Apdlo*% Performance^ as 'tis likely our Stunsfield Art'tfi had. 

§.VIII. It may be moreover obferv'd that we 
ought to wonder the lefs that yUcatArttfi in this Work Cuftomary with the 
fhould indulge his Vancyio much, fince the ftory of ^}^1 ^? .indulge 

had reipea:) was not only objcure m it lelf, but was ,^fr4j*#ji7 which sir 
attended with divers "Difficulties^ by reafon of the lit- J»hn UMndeviU*» rva- 
tleLight that was to be received ixomHsfiorhalBooksk *»^' ^•▼c ™« ^iih. 
Nor were the Writers of thofe Voettcal fiorles very ^Jii,|^^"\|,e aJI 
frequent in this Ifle, Ow</and the reft of them being ^hor whereof wm 
not, I believe, then brought over hither. The R^- mUtir dt lAiUmet. 
mans indeed inftrudted the Brttalns in the liberal Arts 
as far as they thought it fafe and convenient ; but then they 
did not think it for their intereft that Books of Learning 
fhould be brought over hither, and fpread amongft them. 
Nor could even the Romans themfelves attend much to /r/e- 
rary Studies in theCp Parts, when thejr were fo conftantly im- 
ploy'd in keeping off the Enemy and in cultivating the Coun^ 
try^ and ereaing necejfary Tortlficatlons. *Twas alfo ufual in 
other Works of the fame nature with our Stunsfield Antiquity 
for the Artlfis to follow what their own fancies fuggefted. 
The Perfon that did this Work was not only a teffeUarlus^ 
and a Maker of Bricks^ but alfo a Souldler^ and exercisM all 
thefe Ojjfcf/ upon occafion, as was cuftomary likewife in 
other dafes, and he was the more willing even on that fcore 
to allude to the moft remarkable military Adions, fuch as 
that was of A$ollo\ killing the Fython. Nothing can be 
more obvious than for thofe that are converfant in MSS. to 
obferve in old Illuminated Books the Inventions of the Artlfis 
themfelves. The ornamental Parts oftenrimes confift of the 
Figures oiBeafis znd Birds ^ and frequently they are of fuch 
Things as were never in Nature. Hence (unlefs I am mif- 
taken; thofe ftrange Accounts in Sir Jifkn MandeviWs Tra- 
vels* The Monks and others, by frequently looking upon 
fiSltious Creatures in many of the MSS. of their r^eaive 
JJbrarles^ had conceived odd Notions of forrelgn Countries » 
And they altered Sir yollm\ Book from the true genuine Ac- 
counts that he brought over. He was a Perfon of great Senfe^ 
and curious and txaS in his Obfervatlons ; but his Works after 



• Brit. p. 141. Edit. opt. 

bis 



XXIV ^ Dif(09rfe €9MCerm9g tte 

his Death met with very Jr/aJvamt^gemrf jtiirrsimms^ fb ts 
to make them zvpczrfalmUkf and very often ruHcmi^m. The 
Author himfclf oeing a JhlB and religt^m Obfenrcr of Tr&tb 
put down nothing that ne knew was contrary to it. This 
ne tells us himfelf at the End of his Book iU warMUkm 
mundL and being fearful that 'twould be altet^d^ he <lefir^d 
that ail thofe that (hould either read, or tranfcribe ic^ would 
be very exaEl in keeping to his ow» Words ^ and neither add 
nor diminifli, or any other ways change his #w» Relstims. 
Cl^ii bob (faith he m) J ^abe mail anb mretfa u ft ttc«^ 
tn to mf II tnf noe in i^t ftt of jfrace of onre locO m. ccc. lvi. 
tbat ii (Of to faf in tl^e xxxiiii. per after t^ 31 Hcpcftfli 
Ottt of t^i ionO anti tob m^ tiage OfMt tnarn. fBticfCm 
31 vvct enttrelt to aUe t||0 t^at ti|i0 liob relhm or wMgu tifU 
tt^ti nr^ttt no more ne wtittn V^n J fmbe jautfa. Cor tiat 
J bit)t WX€ttn i0 tmoc* but this Re^uefi was loon broke, 
and divers Piihons clapped in, purely to pleafe and divert^and 
perhaps to bring the more Money to thole that had the Right 
of the Copies ; and for that reaion 'tis probable the FetHum 
if left out in fome MSS. as is alfo the Note that he put down 
to fignify that 'twas nicely examin'd by the Fope and his 
wife CounciL who gave this Teftimony of it that he had not 
varied in tne leaft from T^uth^ but nad writ as became a 
faithful^ wife and honeft Hiftorian. But this ought not to be 
fo much wonder'd at ; fince nothing can be more clear than 
other Inftances of the fame kind to thofe that are vers'd in 
Antifuitj. The Illuminators fometimes foUow'd their own 
Fimaes { as the Ingravers^ who fucceeded them, have done 
fince) and at other times (in which they have been likewifc 
imitated by the Ingravers) they receiv'd diredions for form- 
ing jUiitious Creatures not only from the fi Proprietors of 
the Books they were to adorn, but alfo from tne Authors 
themfelves, eipecially if thofe Decorations did not affeA the 



« MS. in Bibl. Bodl. Muf. if i. /8 And 'tis to this Bxuhe- 
ranee of Fancy th^t we owe fome FiBures^ curiouily done, in 
an old Engl\Jb Chronicle (not much different from that which 
is commonly afcrib'd to Wittiam Caxton) in the Boitlejan 
Library {Laud. F. 91.) containing an Hiftory of our Affairs 
from Brute to Ken. V. in which, amongft other renuark^Me 
Particulars, King Harold'^nd Duke IVilliam are reprefented 
fighting the one with the other on foot, the Duke with a 
Spear and the King with a Sw^rd. The Duke thrufts his 
Spear into the King^s Body^ which, according to the Suppo- 
(ition of the Contriver of the FiSure^ was the occafion ofms 

DesSh. 



Stunsfield Ujfellated Tavetnent. XXV 

Work it felf, but were only aclded to gratify the Sight, af *d 
make the Book more agreeable in turning and reading it 
over. Hence that great Variety of F/g<^r^/ of BW/, Beafts^ 
&c. in a curious Book written by Walter de Msllemet clcricus 
in the Year mcccxxvi. being the firft Year of the Reign of 
King Edward the Hid. I chofe to mention this Book becaufe 
'tis not accounted for, nor the Autkn fo much as noted, that 
I remember, by any of our tbfiorians that have written de 
Striptorihus Britannicls^ and I never had the good Fortune of 
feeing but one Copy of it in my Life, which was lent me by 
my Jate honour d and very learned Friend the Reverend 
Dr. Henry Aldrich, Dean of Christ Church. 
The RuMcks begin thus : Hie inclplunt Ruhrica capitulorum 
Aujus libri de nohititatibus^ fapier/ciis & prudenctis Regum^ ed'tti 
ad honorem illufiris Domini Edwardi dei gracia Regis Anglia:^ 
incipientis regnare anno Domini ab incamacione milejtmo^ tre^ 
centepmo^ vicefrno fexto. But the Book it felf begins with 
thefe Words : De invocatione dei nominis in principio cujuf^ 
libet operis. — — In nomine patris & filii ^ Jpiritus fanS§i. 
amen. In principio cujujlibet operis efi nomen fanSa ^ indi'- * 
vidua &c. 'Tis in ^i^rto^ written in Vellam^ an<L befides 
the F/^irrry above fpecify'd, contains the Figures of fomeof 
the chief Courtiers^ &c. of that time. At the End of the 
Rubricks are the Pidures of K. Edw. III. and Q^Fhi/ippay 
and the King's Pidure occurs in feveral other Places. There 
are alfo behdes divers jirms up and down. The Second 
Chapter is intitlM, Epifiola alleBiva dominum Regem ad fci- 
encia Regalfs cognitionem^ and from it we learn that the jiu-- 
thor tranfcribM Arifiotle\ Book intitl'd de fecretis fecretorum 
(which Arifiotle had prefented to Alexander the Great) for 
the ufe of King Edvardy and that what he writ and laid 
down in this Book was only by way of Supplement and Ex- 
plication. He is very free in reminding the King of the 



Death. 'Tis likewife remarkable in this Fiffure that not one 
of the Souldiers is made fighting either with Arrows or Darts ; 
but I do not look upon this Reprefentation as the Opinion of 
the Author of the Chronicle (who however hath divers Ro^ 
mantick Accounts, and particularly his making the Battle be- 
tween the King and the Duke to have happen d at Tunbridge) 
but of fome one that was at the Charge of having the Book 
tranfcrib'd, at which time he took the liberty of direfting the 
Illuminator to make fuch FiBures as were moft agreeable to 
his own Notions^ and to thofe fabulous Relations which he 
had read before. 
Vol. 8 d Duty 



% 



XXVI A Dtfcourfe concerning the 

Duty incumbent on him to prefervc the Rights and 'Liberties 
of the ckurchj^ and I look upon this Book to have been the 
very Copy that was prefented to the King by the Author. 

§. IX- Behind the Figures I have accounted 

ni^'hkXtf fc '^e- ^^^ " ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ''^'^ -^''* looking towards the 
rented on'chis'p^i!" North^ which hath alfo been the occafion of divers 
ment , which is of Speculations and ConjeBures, For my part tho' it be 
that fort of Work rir</^/y done, (which is therefore an Argument like - 
hyVd fuya^yfx^u. ^jfe ^y^^^ (jJe Pavement was made towards the JD^- 
mo'Jigft ?he ^JIJ/", f''»^ Of the Pmpire) yet I take it to be nothing elfe 
to reprefcnt fome but Genius pofuli K^w/j»/,agreeable m many refpeds 
Deity on the beji to the Pitture of that Genius in Ortelius «, and in 
of their uffelUted (q^q Q^YitT Books of Roman Antiquities. But for the 
F^vtmentt. ^^^^^ Figures they are nothing but the Effed of the 

ArtiPs Fancy ^ and we have the fame* fort in moft of the 
teffillated Pavements t\i2X have been difcover'd. 'Tis how- 
ever remarkable that the Figure of Apollo (hews that this 
Favement is of that kind of Work which the Ancients call'd 
(MynXo^tt^'m^ in contradiftindtion to the other fort which re- 
prefented the Images of the mofi inferior BeiniSy and was 
Ityrd VuTn^ucpiit^ a Word which TuUy himfelf ufes in tis E- 
piAles to Atticus fij that being the true Reading^ as is plain 
from the heft MSS. and not r^jn^tt^iti as 'tis in other Co^ 
pies. And for this reafon 'tis likely that the Contrruer of this 
Work, who was a Perfon of an Herotcal Spirit, if he had bad 
no refped, or regard, to the great Atchievements of Theodo^ 
fius, which were attributed by him to the peculiar Drre&ion 
and Conduct of Apollo (who upon account of his being be- 
liev'd to guard the Generals on fome Coyns is ftyl'd ApollQ 
Comes, and on o^tx% Apollo Conservator, 2xAApoUo invi&Mi) 
would neverthelefs have exhibited the Figure of fome Dw(y, 
on purpofc to render the Work above the ordinary Ferfor^ 
mances of this kind, and that he might likewife afit agreeably 
to the Rule that was foliowM by the Ancients of reprcfent- 
ing fome J>eity upon thefe Favements ( efpecially thofe of 
the better kind) which Galen alludes to in the following ' 
Words in his Exhortatio ad Artes y ; to liAi^ U -^^m ;r*At». 

§.X. Some learned and curious Gentlemen that 

Our Stunsfieid Pave- have view'd this Favement are of opinion that it was 

r,U'it not a Ba^nh, v^Tt of 2Lti old Bagnio, being iucUn'd to think fo, I 

ye/rerut perhaps mil- fuppofe, from a very neat Favement of the fame 






Deorum Dearumque capp. Fig.XXXVIII. ^ XV. i6. y Oper, 
MDCLXXIX. Tom.IJ. p. 9. 

fort 



Stunsfield UJftUaUd Vavement. XXVII 

fort (tho* done much better and more to the Life "^cn in thinking 
than this at Stumjield)x\\^i is publifliM by Velftrw in ^/^.^^^^^"^f^ ^^^l^^ 
his Monumeiita Augvffla: Vindelkorum le, and from ^^^ ^^ ^j^^ 4,;c/>wi 
him by Grutet in his admirable CoJle<ftion of old In-- Thermit, 
fcri^tions fi. That the moft ancient Therma^ or Bagnios^ 
were very curioufly adorn'd I do not deny, and therefore 
Velferus had reafon on his Side for thinking that which he 
hath'publifii'd (which is of a greater Antiquity than ours) 
to be a Bagnio. But fome time before our Stunsfield Fave^ 
ment was form'd (provided it was done about the Year to 
which I have affign'd it) this kind of Ornament for their 
7%erma was prohibited ; at leaft 'tis not proper to fuppofe 
that ^twas lawful to put the Figures of the Gods^ efpecially 
that o^ Apolloy on Places that were imploy'd to fo low and 
mean a Ule. The Figures of the Gladiators and of the ^tua- 
driga^ which are vinble. on the Aushourg Pavement^ were 
very fit for this purpofe^ and that might induce Velferus (who 
was certainly well skilrd in Antiquities) to think that 'twas 
one of the Therma • tho* for my part ( if I may be allowM 
to diflent from (o great a Man) I am ready to imagine that 
even that Monument was alfo the Vavement of fome HaU^ ox 
Talace^ and put to fome other Ufe than that of Bathing ; 
and perhaps it might have been alfo in Memory of fome 
Battel agamft fome Northern People^ in which cafe the^^- 
driga and the Gladiators might be proper Emhlcms for ex- 
preffing the Fiercenefs of the conquered Enemy. The Northern 
Nations us'd to fight in Chariots^ and 'twas cuftomary with 
them to fly off and to make neip Attacks almoft in the fame 
manner as the Gladiators did ; and confequently we cannot 
exfpedt that the Artifis Ihould make ufe of a more natural 
Method of expreffing fuch Cufioms than by exhibiting the 
Figures of the Gladiators and the §h^driga on the Mon.. ments 
that were to reprefent any Military Actions. 

§. XL The lame curious GtvixXcmtn^ it may be, -,, . 
were induced to think it to have been a Bagnio for T^^ iI^^'m vifi- 
another reafonjnamely upon account oith^Vaffages bie on the ^out-fiies 
they obferv'd on the Out-fides of theP^T/^w^w^, which of the Pavement not 
they look'd upon as Chanels^ or Conveyances^ for the de6gn*d for jdmi/i/. 
Water to be carry^d off. And truly at firft view I ?,"' ^J convey the 
was alfo inclined to think that thefe Faff^ages were ^l^JlT,^^. 
"Drains, And 'tis the Opinion too of the Workmen 
that have been imploy*d to furvcy it. But upon a more de- 
liberate Confideration I begin to fufpeft that thefe Chanels 



M P. 237. Ven. M. D.xciv. fol. fi. Pag. CCCXXXVL 

da arc 



XXVIII A Difcourfe edncerwTrg the 

arc of the fame nature with thofe mention'd by PaOaJh in 
his Trad: iie focis veterum^ printed in Italian and Latin at 
the End of his Antiquitates urlns Roma at the Theater in 
Oxford mdccix. 8o. Which Book was tranflated into 
Latin by a very ingenious Gentleman of CuKl ST Church 
in that (jnivcrfity, and hath the Italian alfo joyn'd with it. 
The Difcourfe ae focis (notwichftanding very Jbort) is ex- 
tremely curious , and is the only one I Know of upon the 
Subjed ; and were there no other Motive to the ftudy of the 
Roman Antiquities^ yet this little Piece^ as it ieems to me, is 
fufficient to excite all ingenious Gentlemen to a vigorous Pro- 
feoition ofthcfe curious Studies^ which are not only fleafant 
and diverting but ufeful to the Fublick. Palladio (who was a 
great Judge) took notice of abundance of Fragments at Rome^ 
which he obferves were looked upon to be the Remains of 
old Drains^ and were originally intended for no other End 
and Purpofe • but upon a nice Examination of every Circum- 
ftance he hath thought fit to acauaint us that he concluded 
that they were the Pajfages by wnich the Heat was conveyed 
from the fuhttrraneous Stoves to the different Rooms of the 
feveral Houfes. It fccms every Houfe had various Chanels or 
Pajfages !or carrying the Heat up to every Room from the 
F/r^. which was made in a Cavity under Ground ; and 'tis 
for luch a Defign (tho* I leave every Man to his own Sen- 
timents ) that I take our Stunsfield Pajfages to have beeu 
made. But a better Judgement will be torm'd of this Matter 
from PaBadio's Words, as they are very well tranflated by 
the excellent Editor above mentioned, which I fliall there- 
fore here tranfcribe at large, becaufc the Book (as divers 
other Books are that have been publifli'd by that mofi noUe 
and flourijhing Society) is become very fcarce and hard to be 
met with : Peteres in fuhterraveo fornice non magno , €Ujus 
extrema fars extra domum muro terminakatur , unum ignem 
incendehant, Ab hoc canales flurtmi^ varia magnitudinis^ in^ 
timis fabrica farietibus inclufi^ ut hodie aquarum & fentina^ 
rum fflula^ ad fummam contignationem fermeabant, Hk fin^ 
gulis nates erant ad os fornlcis domus farietibus adjunBum^ 
fer quae calor^ inter parietes afcendens^ ad Oecos^ triclinia j ta- 
bltna manabat ^ ^ ad omnia loca , qu'tbus calorem frocutate 
vellent. ^uemadmodum vim ignis per canaliculos quofdam a- 
lembicum penetrate videmtts : ubi ignis quidem longtfpme difiat 
ah ore vitri^ quod tamen non minus calct^ quam ilia vaps pars^ 
quam ignis proxime calefacit. Calor rile ^dco aquabiliter in 
omnes partes fe diffudit^ ut totum hab'itaculum impleret, Non 
ita camini, quibus ft propius fies^ a^ftuas ; fi longius^ friges. 
lUic viro aer mitijf/imus fe circumfudit ; ut earner am ^ cui cami^ 

nws 



\ 



Smnsfield UjfeUdted Tavmenf. XXIX 

mus in 4dveff(f murl Utete coBocatits efi^ accenft/s ignis faula-- 
tlm it leniter tepefactt, Canahs i£f, qui calorem di^enfahant^ 
fatulas fauces non hahuerunt j quart nee flammam nee futnum^ 
fed calidum tantum vafQrem^ ijr ferpetuum teforem emiferunt. 
Ignis in fomice fatvulus^ modo continuus^ locis^ adeo occlufts^ 
njaporandisfuffecit* Ad os fornicis edulta forabant.- fluaqua^ 
ijerfum in muro vafa ^ oUa coUocata funt^ aquis ferventibus 
.reflet£^ qua dafes calidas fervarent, Commodum fine fumftu 
maximum / nuUo fericulo^ nuUis fordibuSy non fumo turbatum ; 
miUe ineommodis folutumy qua reliqua focorum genera comitan^ 
tur» Non illic fumariolisy ignitabulisj vel t hermoc Units ^ tot 
malorum caujis , opus fuit , non variis infirumentis ad frigus 
domandupiy i^rfovendacalorecorfora^ Sed in fngu/is cameris 
per omne fpattum aqualis tepor iy moUifjfmus aer fe diffudit. 
Canales plus minus calebant, ut ratio temporum poftulabat. 
Feritljjimi enim in colore moderando veteres fuetunt ; ufi lenis 
aura refrigerationey qualem organorum foUes fpirant^ qua non 
minus fuavis & placida eft^ quam iUa acuta efi vehemens ^ 

fceda , quam fabrorum foUes ejeffant. Canales itti kodie 

confpicui funt in plurlmis adificiisy intra ^ extra Romam^ ve^ 
tufiate divulfs. Multi quidem fnntj qui eos credunt fiiUicidia 
fuiffcy quapluviam & aquas ejicerent : non advertentes iUos in-- 
numeros ejfe & obliquos^ cum fiiUicidia nee numero ne( formS 
paria architeSli facer ent, 

§. XII. As to the juration of the Hall^ or Houfe^ , . „ 

to which this Pavement belong^ ; I am of opinion, or^H^/l*"" w wSch 
that it continu'd 'till the time ofthel^ow^r^x leaving ^hi, p^iemtnt be- 
this yie in the Year pf Chri/l cccclxxvi. and that the long'd , contina'd. 
Owners burnt it, having firft of all carefully cover'd The /?»w4«/ at their 
the Pavement upon Profped of a Remrn hither a- }f*/'"? . '^'f. ^^^"^ 
gain after they had fettled Matters in Ga,l and other wtch wL^^^^^ 
Places. 'Twas with thisProfped that they hid fuch covered for dlveri 
a vaft Number oiCoyns^ and other Treafurcs. This Years by the Britains 
they did not only in the Year ccccxviii. ( and at tothe e»«»t. Thefe 
fome other times) as I have taken notice already '^"^±^'1, ^JK^ 
« o It of the Saxon Chronicle, but chiefly in theYear invention oifrinthi, 
CCCCLXXVI. when eithertheDiitance;8 of this Coun- 
try tron> Rome ( by whi^h they were put to great Inconve- 



«« Preface to the Firft Vol. of this Wbrk^ p. XI. ^ Roma- 
nis tandem propter ttineris loneitudifiem^ feu propter inevitabiles 
aliunde occupaciones regnare defiflentibus^ Scoti ^ FiBi Brit an- 
fit am ctfm armato milite per Maximum tir annum vacuatam diu- 
c'ius afflixerunty quoufque Saxon es AngU &c. E MS. de Hep- 
larcnia Anglix in BiW. Bodl. inter QodAil^aud. G. 9. f. 33. 



jucnces 



XXX A Difc^urfe ctmcernmg fbe 

ntence$ in fending over for SduUlers) or (which I rather be- 
lieve) the TrouiTes in other Parts would not permit them to 
ftay longer in this Ijle and defend it from the Incurfions of 
the barharont 'Enemy. Malmsbury takes notice that a great 
Number of the Treafures that had been buried by the Inha- 
bitants of the Ijle^ (meaning, I fuppofe, both Brttatns and 
damans) were dug up in his time, amongft which perhaps 
he reckons the Roman teffeUaied?av:menU, That our Stunf- 
field edifice was burnt is manifeft from the Charcoal and 
tumt Com found in no fmall Quantity at it. The Pavement 
being chargeable, and withal being a Monument of Tbeodo- 
fin f*s Exploits^ the Owners were willing to have it preferv'd, 
and therefore they took fpecial care to have it fecur'd from 
Damage by covering of it with Brtcks and Ti/es and other 
RuUijh, This Covering was found upon it when firft open'd, 
and the like MaterJals have been round upon other Pave- 
mentf of the fame nature, particularly thofe teffeffateJ Pave- 
ments that are publifti'd by my two excellently learned and 
^much honour'a Friends Dr. Willi AM Musgrave m /Sand 
Roger Gale Efq; y. The Brltalns knew well enough 



^ and Roger Gale E/V;«] Tho' the Pavement which 
is publifh'd.by the learned Mr. Gale be much inferior to 
this of Stuftspeld^ yet it far excels that which was found in 
itfpp. inHoreflone Meadow at Nether Hcyford in Nortkamf ton- 
Jbjre^ and is made publick by the Reverend Mr. Morton in 
his Natural Hiftory * of that County, which came out fome 
confiderablc time after I had printed my Draught (rf the 
Stunsfield Pav cment, and the Difcourfe about it. Mr. Morton 
indeed fays f that the Nether Hey for dV^v cment exceeds all 
the teflellated Pavements that he had either feen or read of 
in England, But in reference to this Matter it muft be 
noted that the Ancients diftributed their teffellated Pave- 
ments into three Claffes. Thofe were looked upon and 
eftecm'd by them as the principal which reprefented the 
Images of tne Gods and ot Men. Thofe that exhibited the 
Figures of Birds and of Animals were plac'd in the fecond 
Clafs. And thofe in the third Clafs which had on them the 
Figures of other Inferior Beings. Greater care was taken 



m In Com. in yulii Fitalh epitaphium, pr. at Exeter 
MDCCXi. 8vo. p. IS"!, y In Com. in Antoninl Itin. p. 
8-9. 

• Pag. X31. t P'g- T*7- 

about 



Stunsfield teJfeUated PavminU XXXI 

that thefe curious Wbrks were covered and kept free from 
Damage by this means ; but then they had too much refpedJ: 
for the Romans to difcover them to the Enemy ^ whom they 
mortally hated^ and were very defirous of havmg the Romans 
return again, from whom they had receiv'd great Civilities^ 



about the firft Sort than about either of the other kinds, and 
the Work 'was ftyl'd by the Greeks fn^A*x«*f<« (as I have 
obferv'd in my Difcourfe *) in oppofition to the Work that 
beiong'd to the other two kinds, which was callM Tmrn^M^m. 
So that from hence it will appear that our Stumfield Pave- 
ment, which hath AfoUo Sagittarius upon it, (for even thofe 
Gods are reckoned amongft the Divi Sagittarii which have 
either a telum or a jacuium aflignM them, as well as thofe 
which have 2ifagitta properly fo call'd) is of the beft Sort of 
teffellated Pavements, and that thu of Nether Heyford is o( 
the ordinary kind, and much inferior to divers that have 
been difcover'd in England. 'Twill not become me ( who 
have not view'd the Place) to enter into difpute about the 
occafion of this Pavement of Nether Heyford^ nor to fay any 
thing about the other Antiquities found thereabouts ; but 
however leaft fome Perfons fliould unwarily conclude from 
what Mr. Morton hath faid that not only that Pavement, but 
all other Pavements found in England^ as well as elfewhere, 
are Sepulchral Monuments, I fliall crave leave to make the 
following Remarks, ^irfi^ I think it cannot be juftly in- 
ferr'd from the Fragments Mr. Morton mentions that here 
were ever any Urns. Secondly^ I grant that Sepulchral Mo- 
numents were fometimes (tho* not very frequently) adorn'd 
with teffellated Work, as appears from Santi Bartoli^ and 
other Authors that I could mention. But then a bare Cita- 
tion of thefe Authors will not prove this to have been a Se- 
pulchral Monument. Before that is made out, Mr. Morton 
muft either fliew that here were not only Urns found.but alfo 
Infcriptions, at leaft one Infcription, (or fomething elfe equi- 
valent) that may put the matter out of all doubt. I fay he 
muft alfo produce an Infcription, or fomewhat elfe that may 
be of equal Force, becaule all Urns were not imployM # 
Funeral Ufes. Thirdly^ whereas Mr. Morton conje<3:ures 
t that here was the Mannor Houfe of fome eminent Perfon 
amongft the ll^Wii»x, lamready tojovn withhim; but then 
whereas he bbferves farther that 'tis likely that fome of his 



J. IX. t p. s^9* 

Family 



XXXII -^ Difiourfe Cdneerntng the 

and to whom they ow'd their Skill in feveral Parts of ufeful 
Knoipledge. *Tis true indeed the Brltains were willing e- 

Family were buried in this Houfe, and that thofe Urns,which 
he fuppofes to have been found there, were the Sepulchres (I 
know not what Authority he hath to call an Urn a Sefulchre) 
of fome of thenu I muft treely declare that I am of auite ano- 
ther opinion* Bur, fays Mr. Morton^ the thing is liKely. ^er 
according to Servius, of old aU Men were buryed in their Houfes ; 
** Apud majores omnes Homines in fuisDomibus fepelieban- 
'' tur-^"' riw-ff Servius'/ Remark on a Taffage /»Virgil,iEneid.(J. 
I readily allow that^^rv/VsObfervation is very juft and true; 
but then, under Favour, 'tis nothing to Mr. Morton's purpofe. 
Servius flourifti'd in the Reign of Theodoput^ not lone; after 
the time (I believe) that this Pavement was made. JNow if 
it be at all pertinent to Mr. Morton^ it muft prove that the 
Romans bury*d in their own Houfes at that very time when 
they were refident in this Ifle. But that it does nor, as is 
manifeft from the word majores^ which muft be uaderftood 
of thofe very times about wnich Virgilis fpeaking ; and thofe 
I hope Mr. Morton will grant to have been before the Jl#- 
tnans had any thing to do in Britain. And that Sertnus is 
to be underftood of thofe more early Times, he might have 
learned from Ifidore whom he is pleasM likewife to quote. 
The words in Ifidore are * ; Sefulchrum ifepulto diSum. Priwr 
autem quifque in domo fua fefebehatur. PosTEA VETITVM 
EST Leg I BUS, ne foetore ipso corpora vi- 

VENTIUM CONTACT A I N F I C E R E NTVR. Hcnce, I 

think, it is clear that Servius is to be underftood of the X^- 
tins^ and of the old Romans before the time of Numa, at leaft 
of the Romans before the Promulgation of the xii. Tables^ 
after which the Cuftom of burying in their own Houfes be- 
gan to be difus'd. I (hall remark nothing more upon this 
occafion, only I defire Mr. Morton to look again upon the 
Gold Coyn ot Honorius^ which he mentions in Pag. ^32. He 
tells us that on the Reverfe is f'l^ori A. AVCCC. But in the 
Brrata he obferves that it is a miftake, and that it fhould be 
read, Victoria Avg. cc. Now I defue him to fee whe- 
ther it be not (as I believe it is) Victoria Avggg. 
If my conjefture prove right, the Coyn is not fcarce ; but if 
it be as he hath publiftiM it, 'tis a great Rarity, and will de- 
ferve a Difcourle about it. 



V 



* Grig. 1. Xy. c. XL 

nough 



Stansfield tefelUted Pavemenf. XXXIII 

nough to revolt at the firft forming the Pmvement^ (as I have 
before obferv'd m) but in courfe oftime they underftood the 
Nature o( the Enemies fo well that they could not have the 
leaf): eood opinion of them, but were on the contrary ex- 
tremely foUicitous for the nay of the JUmans^ whom they 
honoured as a mfe^ religi<ms and underftoMdhg Peofle^and 
^hom they were willing to oblige by all poifible Aas of 
C^ttrtejy; and to fliewthattheirRefpeft was y&rf*r# they did 
not (^er their Departure) imbexzle thofe T^tafufes that 
they knew they had hid under Ground, but kept the Matter 
as a Sicra^ and communicated it to very few. But the Re- 
turn ofthtR^fnam being at length defoair'd of, fome were 
pleas'd to divulse the Secret^ and to declare in what Years 
the feveral Tyeajirefwetc hid. They produced Regifiers for 
it, and fo it came to be inferred in divers ChromtUs* They 
were ready to believe the Report from feveral of thofe 0»- 
riofitiis which they had found accidentally, and when they 
were acouainted with this piece of Hiftory they us'd a great 
deal of Pains in fearching ud and down ; but finding that 
moft of thefe i^eafunt confifted in Brafs Cop$s (which after 
the DefertioB of the Romamf were not currant here) they 
difcontinuM their Search^ and none were foUicitous about 
fuch Difioveries 'till fome Years after the Invention of Prht^ 
ingy when Rffman Antiquities were diligently inquir'd into, 
and the moft inc&nfdirMe Renutins of what the Roman Artifis 
did were judg'd to be of great fervice for illuftrating and 
explaining the cUffi€k Writers. 

§.XIIL Im (omc of my \^^ Inquiries ztStunsfield 
I learnt that here had been found two or three tmaU . '^^^ u^^'^^, ^[ 
Pieces of Lead ; whence I began to conjedure that £' %'!il"\^^^ 
the HdBy or Houfe^ had been coverM with this MetaB. King Edm^ifd tkt 
But that which foon made me alter my opinion was Ctnfyiftr's pa^ce n 
the Jkali Quantity of it, and the Farm in which it Wp covtr'i wiib 
was made, it plainly appearing that 'twas not Part of ^"^ 
any Lead that had been melted after the burning of a Build- 
ingy but that 'twas accidentally dropt here. Had the JSdifoe 
been cover'd with Lead^ *tis likely great §luantities might 
have been found in the digging^ juft liket^at which was 
dug up a few Years fince in a Ciyi (caird the Court Clofe) on 
the North Eaft Part of Ijlip^ in which Clofe the Palace of 
King Edward the Confejfor was fituated. The Mote which 
run round this Palace is in moft Parts now filFd up, but yet 
there are ftill very vifible Remains of it. Hence 'twas call'd 



a §.3. 
Vol. 8. e oftentimes 



XXXIV A Difiourfe eoncermi^ the 

oftentimes JEdes m^tstdt^ (a Name given to other BulUhigt 
m of the fame kind ) and it ftood at fome Diftaoce from m$ 
Chapel^ which is now in being (tho' imploy^d to ^fr^fbm 
Vfe) and is about the bignefs of the Chafel chat belongs to 
bt. Barthol0mnp's Hojpttatne^r Oxfhrd, Divers Loads of Lead 
were dug up ; but the Lead was without any Fomfy and thence 
(omt judicious Men have rationally concluded that the Folate 
was cover'd with Lead^ and that1>eiug melted with the Fire 
it fettled upon the Ground^ and was not difcover'd 'till fbme 
few Years fince. I fliould have made the fame condufion 
too with refpedt to the Covering of our StunsfieU-^difice^ had 
there been the fame Grounds for it. But as it happens now, 
I muft give it for my opinion that I think that tnis Buildh^ 
was tylxl and flattedL and that the Romans did not think it 
at all proper to pitcn upon any other Materials than Tfles 
and Slats for this Operation in a Country where there is (uch 
prodigious Plenty oi Slats ^ and where Tjfles and Bricks mi|ht 
be made with fo much Eafe. And what confirms this Notion 
is this, that divers of the Wes^ or rziher femilatereSy and many 
oftht.Slats^ dug up here nad vaft long and lar^e Roman Nailsy 
fome of which I nave now by me, made of ^o»^ running 
quite thro' them, on purpofe that by that means tney might 
be fixt upon any Part of the Houfe^ and be usM for a Cover- 
ing to it. Thelc Nails are much like thofe conunonly fup- 
pos'd to have been made ufe of in fixing our Saviour to the 
Crofs^ the Figures of which we have in divers MSS. and par- 
ticularly in a Book of Offices curioudy illuminated and pre- 
ferv'd in the Bodlej an Library ^, where are alfo the Figures 
of the other hiRruments made ufe of upon that occafion. 

§.XIV. When I firft refolv'd to write Oi^Jrv^- 
w Sn^'^SeaeM ^^^^^ ^V^" ^^^^ ancient Monument^ I defign'd to have 
in other ^irs Walked upon the Ikenild or Akeman Street (which 
hinder m;^ Rtmttrkt latter Name it received from it's going to Bath', 
at thif time con- term'd in the Saxon Annals y Accmanner-oearrne. 
"^"^^{1^. i- «• f/ fy '>f sick People i ) quite-from tWs ^lace 
A Copy of the Bath ^^ Alchefter^na to have put down yihzXeverRemarks 
jnfcriptUn ts 'iwas of moment I fliould have made, and to have printed 
communicated to them with this Dffcourfe. I do not doubt but feveral 
G * L^^Efa** ^ * * w<i/^r/W Paflages would occur to any one that fets 
^ " ^'' upon fuch an Attempt^ which would be a confider- 



« See my Notes upon Sir John Spelman^ Life of Mlfred 
the Great, hi kJj. /8 Laud, D. ^i. y Sub an. DCCCCLXXlli. 
f Sec the learned Dr. Gilfon's Nommum hcorum Explcatio at 
the End of the Saxon Annals. 

able 



Stunsfield teJfeUatid Vavement. XXXV 

able Addition to the Antiquities oiAlchefier that are printed 
at the End of the learned Dr. Kennetfs Farochial Antiquities 
efAmhofden. But my other Bufinefs and my prefent Con^ 
pnemmt would not permit me to enter upon that Under- 
taking^ and for that reafon I fhall defer making any farther 
Jieflekions at this time, and referve what I have to fay upon 
the Antiquities in thofe §jfartert 'till a more convenient op- 
portunity fliall offer it felf; tho* 'tis likely after all that feve- 
ral Reafons may hinder, at leaft retard, the Publication of 
any of thofe Notices that 1 fliall have occafion to enter in my 
CQUeBionSy when ever I fliall have the Happinefs of taking 
a particular and diftinft Survey of thofe Remains of Anti- 

?uity that are difperfed up and down the Parifli of Wendlebury 
in V9hic)i Alehefier was fituated) and in many of the adja-- 
cent Places. This therefore will be looked upon (I hope) 
by the candid jleader as a juft and fuflicient Excufe for my 
declining to fay any thing elfe at this time upon the Anti-^ 
quities of thefe Parts. Buc whereas my learned Friend R o- 
GER GaLe Efq; hath lately communicated to me a Copy 
of the Roman Infcription that relates to the Bath FaMca^ 
which is different from that which was puc into my Hands 
by that Great Mathematician the learned Dr. Hallev, 
and which I formerly printed at the End of Sir John Sfe/-- 
man's Life of JEifred tie Great ^ I fliall beg leave to infert 
it in this Place ; not in the leaft doubting but 'twill meet 
with the fame kind Entertainment from the learned and 
curious Reader as the Copy met with that I received from 
Dr. Halley. 



e 2 XVUVS. 



XXXVI 



A Mtifimpft tnunag At 




\ 



IV1JY.5 VITA 
USE4BR1CIE^ 

I5.LE(JXX.VV 
>5nP£NDI0a; 

VhWXAmORXX 

lXNAnONEB£ 

L(SA^^EXCaLE^O 
FABRICEELATV 



**^M>, 



StuQsfield UffeUaiU tjmemint. XXXVII 

§.XV. This Copy was tranfcrib'd by Mr.G a l e's 
Brother (who is likewife a €iirwm Gentleman) and I ^^1;^^^ b? * ^2 
have the better opinion of it becaufe it agrees ex- tber ^iSit me by Mr. 
adUy with another Copy that was fent me (oon after o i> d t. The Mark 
by the learned Mr. Obadiah Oddy, from whom ( -) for an k orcr 
wc may exfpeft an fxaHewt Edition o^ Dion Caffim. ^*^ * ^he^!*"''' 
Both thefe Gentlemen took their Copies immedi- J^jlj ^ -^L ;^'^y« 
ately from the iUneAxA I am extremely well pleas'd receiv*4 no SHjwidU 
that they confirm the ConjeSwre I made in my Dif- 'till after 4. Yean 
courfe about it, that in the Word Fabriciesis '^^^ 5^ " *^* 
the Mark (-) for an n over the e is omitted. I f^i^itn, for rvm. 
inighthavcaidedtowhatlhavenotedtfaere, that L^;S «« T.^: 
on oldCojns wehave either cos or co»s for con- /i^v^ eititut. 
svL, the N being cither put in or left out fro srU" 
trio. And 'tis well known too that in other Monumenu cos 
is the fame with c o M s, and that both ftand for.coNsvL, 
tho' JLnrJt/sn ignorantly makes cons on Coyns to fi&iiify 
always coNSEJiyATOR; which N^z/mi of his is moft ju-* 
dicioufly confuted by Cardinal Norrii «• And withal it may 
be added that ^tis no wonder that Fahidenfs is here put for 
Fdlricom^^ fince 'twas ufiial in other Cafes for the Stone-Cut- 
tors to luia the Letter I where there was no occafion, espe- 
cially if not overfeen by the ism^f rW, as MedMlamenfs for 
Mediolanenfis^ and, which is more remarkable, idea iovis 

forDEA I0VIS,and idea PALATINAforOEA PALATINA^. 

So little Reafon is there to think with fome learned Ferfons 
that F^Mcenfa was pronoun'd in Britain FaMciefis. 'Twill 
be unneceffary to repeat either what I have obferv'd in my 
Difcourfe, or what hath been fmqe noted by the learned Dr. 
MusGRAVE of jEjc^^tfr upon thisjnfcriftion^ whofe Tranfcript 
differs in nodiing that is material from the Copy I before pub- 
liflied. But the Variations in the Copy I now make publick 
are fo very confiderable, that thejf diicover and illuftrate to 
us ( provided this Part of the Ltjcrlftion be truly taken ) an 
other Piece of Hiftory. For we hence learn that, according 
to the Roman Mlitary DifiiPlino^ the tyrones were to receive 
nojlifendia^ or wages (it leaft thpfe they received were not 
to be confider*d as fuch, but only as voluntary Encourage- 
ments of their Teachers ^ from whom they could not demand 
themj) 'till after they had fervM four Years, during which 
timenowever they went under the Name of milites. This 
will appear more clear and plain by the following Interpre- 



m In Paracnefi ad V. C. Joannem Harduinum^ p« 89, 91, 9$r. 
/i M. Zuerii Boxhomii Qu«ft. Rom. Num. V. 

tatioa 



BXVUI A Difcwrfe c^MCerming fie 

cation of this Infcripticn : JmEus VHslh FmirstMewA Ldptttt 
vicefma Valent'is VhSrhiSj (or VmUrimm^ fTcfrias) /^pn^ 
ritm ifitinto , militia nono , mmm^rum^ vigimti m^vem , UM^tu 
^Ig^j ^ V coUegio m fahtlcM elatus hie pins efi. I do noc rs- 
membcrthat anv other Di/rr/priMrx agree widi dus, whsdiis 
therefore ro be looked upon as the more valuable There 
are multitudes that relate to the miHtsry ASadrs ; bat acne 
make any exad diftin&ion between the JHpem^m and mB* 
tia ; and yet that there wis fuch a DlfitnBiam we may gi- 
thcr in fomc mcafure from thcfe Words of yegetims fi. Nn 
tajttum MuUm i tyroni^us^ fed etiam i y fiifemdlmnis mlUUm 
Jalltio e^uorum atJiriSie eft femfer / exsSs, Which Words 
plainly Ihew. I think, that the milites ftifemJiMra were M* 
fcrciit from tne tyrones^ and that the tyromes had no li^rr, at 
leafl no fettled ones which they could demand, and, upon 
ncjjledt of Payment, fue for. And the fame thing is jimiy 
oblervM by Mr. Oddy in his Letter to me. CmtA (bji 
he ) bujks injcriptionis nobtlifjimsc f9tiffimwm sm umm mrAak 
Wh vertitHf, D/co ergo mi/ites Romanes ^ amtejmmm m istJo' 
gum infcrlberentur^ & plena ara^ i. e. ftifendiM mereremt^ tj' 
roclnium muatuor ut mtnimum annorum fertuliffe^ ha ^a, do 
fedttibus tomuor^ hiecpnecifue ifuis quifque lantfih didicerfj to, 
ficcre ^rauum, obvertcre clypcum, traAare gladium, rotuc 
pilum &e. Sic Juv. 

' Pofcit ab hirfura jaculum vcrfare capella. 

I'or the fame rcafon Vegetlus obfervcs • that the tyramet were 
diligently try'd bcfore'thcy were admitted and inroU'd, and 
before they were permitted to handle />rfli/>fr military Weapamt 
they were obli^; u to make ufe of fcuta v:minea and other 
faljeoucs^ (pmxcwlxrly wooden Clubf inHead of Swords Zj and 
ihrrcforc they arc fomctimes callM clavatores) not to take 
Mill ice of thcfe Words n^prxterea ncn c^Jim^ fed pamSfhrn fe^ 
rire difcebavt^ and other Paflages to the fame purpofe. It 
iinilb however be acknowledged that the tjrocinium is to be 
undcrilood only of young Pcrfons ; and therefore when we 



s. 



a Sic rripublice^ pro reipublica^ in Numm. Magnentii anni 
^S"!, qiiando Romam vcnic Jtaliamque csedibus implevit. 
Ali.1 i'fin pcrpliira occurrunt cxempla. Nee eft quod cum 
Ahy/io^ Mufy/avlo^ &C OJJio^ viris do&ifRmis^ fabricenfum 
pro /iV/r/ff "Uibllituamus. fi Uc re mil. 1. 1, cap. i8. y O- 
f luM" Copies have it pipendiofs. d[ Other Copies read exer^ 
I,/.././. • Im 1. c. «. ? Sec Gravius upon Tally de Seneft. 
p. .|.]i. n reget, dc rc mil. lib. I. c. ii. 

read 



Stunsfield ieffettaUd Tavment. XXXIX 

read of elietly Perfons, who died after a few years mUttary 
Service^ we are to fuppofe that they xcctiv' d fiifendU all 
the time of their Service^ without undergoinjg thofe Trjah 
that belonged and were injoyn'd to tyrones. This they might 
do upon account of their Age^ and the SktU they had ob- 
tain'd by their own Obfsrvatiom^ and by the Cenverfation 
which they had had with thofe that were skilled in MlRtary 
Affairs. Thus, for Exmmfle^ in Fabretti m there is an In- 
fcription to one who died in the feventy fecond Year of bis 
Age and in the fifteenth ofhis Militta^ all which fifteen Years 
he muft be fuppos'd to have been zfiifend/ary Souldien But 
we are to fuppofe the contrary of one Thtelms in a Letter of 
Rufertus to Reinejms fi^ who died in the twentieth Year of 
his Age, and in the fourth of his JHfendiaj and muft there- 
fore have begun his tyfocmtum in about the twelfth Year of 
his Age. which wanted two Years of the Ttuftial Tear accord- 
ing to the Roman Conjiitutions. All 1 have farther to obferve 
upon this occafion is that ^ for rvm occurrs not only in 
the Cottonian MS. (written about y a thoufand Years ago) 
of the Expofaio BiJ/extij (which is imjuftly attributed to St. 
Cyprian^ and) for. the Publication of which, as for many 
other rieces oi' prrfound^ exquijite and ufefiil Learning the 
Worid is beholden to the late Reverend Dr. PFitlifs, and in 
divers other o/d MSS. but in fome old frtnted / Books, as 
well as in many other ancient Stones ; and that the Exfrejjton 
at the End ex coUegio fabricsc elatus fignifies no more than 
that Julius Vitalls was buried at the Charge of the College or 
Society of the Fahka or Forge. 



m Infer, p. i^8. fi Vide Infcriptionem apud Epp. Reinefii 
ad Viros clariil. D. Caff^, Hofinannum &c Chrifi. Ad.Rupertum^ 
N. XLL p. 959. Liff. 1660. 4to. Exftat etiam eadem In- 
fer iptio apud Fabrettum p. i?i. y Sic in Coll. MSS. viri 
doaiffimi TnoMiE Smithi penes me, n.LX. p. 19. 4to. 
Ji Particularly in the Title of an old Maf at the End of Fom^ 
ponius Mela with Fadtaftus's Notes &c. in Fol. Baf, 15:11. by 
Cratander. 



Out. 



XL 



Out of Bp. Barhws M SS. in 
Bibl. Bodl num.9, p. i2S^ 

Manerium Tbc CuftotHc •/ the Mdnnw •f Woodftocke. 

de m»d* 

fi0ckf. .|-^ I R S T the fayd Manner of Wo9dfi0ckf^ with all 
Auntient 1^ ^jj^ Mcmbcrs thereunto belonging, is an aanticflc 



DenuiBC. 



F 



Demaine, and (b hath been knowne^ repntedi 
and ufed, time oat of any Man's remembrance. 
7.viUages. And that there belongeth to the favd Mannor fet- 
ven feverall Villages, or Pari/hes, whicn are commonly 
called the Demaiues of Woodfiockf^ viz. Hndelej^ Wmi- 
tan^ Combe ^ Stonis field y HAnborougb^ BLuUn, and oU 
Woodfiocke. 
Frivi- Which fayd Mannor and other aforefayd Memben 
i«<*«"- thereof have fuch Lyberties and Priviledges as other 
auntient Demaine Lands have ufed, and by the Lawes 
of this Realme ought to have, that is to £iy : 

To bee difcharged of Toll in all Faires, and Marketts, 
and not to bee empaneld in any Inaueft to bee takea 
before any forreigne Juftices out of their Lyberties. 

And to fue, and to bee fued for all their Free Lands 
holden in auntient Tenure by a Writt of Right Clofe, 
and by none other Wrict. 

And for their Cuftomarie Lands by Plaint, and there- 
unto to declare according to the Title of their Aftion. 

And that noe perfbnall Adion under the value of 
x^'* fhall be fued bv any the Inhabitants againft ano- 
ther of the fame Innabicants, out of their owne Court 
without Licence of the Lieutenaunt, and Steward, 
upon paine of forfeiteing vi*. viii< to the King's Ma- 
jeftic's Ufe. 



k 



And 



The Cufiome vf the Mdmor &c. XLI 

. And further, that there is within the fayd Manner, 
and the Members thereof, three kinds of Lands, that is 
to fay Deoiaine Land, which is commonly called Burie 
Landy Free Land, and Cuftomarie Land. 

Firfl; as touching the Demaine Land, or Burle Lands, 
all the fame, time out of any Man's Remembrance; 
were divided, amongft the Tenaunts, who. have, and 
doe yet feverally occupie the fame, fome one Part, 
and fome an other, according to the Quantitie of their 
Cuflomarie Lands. But therein tliey claime noe In- 
tcrefl, nor certeine Eftate, but only by Cuflome, and 
at the King's Will, and Pleafure. For the which they 
pay nor yeeld noe Heriott, nor any other Duty or Ser- 
vice, but. only the Annuall Rent. And that to the fayd 
Burie Lands there belongeth no Common, but that 
all the Free Tenaunts, and Cuftomarie Tenants, of 
the fayd Demaines may, and of right common in^ and 
upon! all the fayde Demaine, and Burie Land by the 
fpace of (ixeWeckes .(that is to fay) from the Feafl.of 
St. Michaell the Archangell unto the Feafl of St. M^« 
li/i^, commonly called A£ittiri»4j^. 

. And as concerning the Free Lands, with the fayd 
Mannor and Members thereof, noe perfon for his Free 
Land, or Cote-Land, doth pay any Heriott, except 
in Combe, where Cote-Land haveing Meade doth He- 
riott as a halfe Yard Land doth. But the Heire of all 
Free-Lande hath ufed to pay for his Releife one Yeares 
Rent, not above. 

. And all Purchafers of the fame Free Land, to pay 
doable the Rent for his Releife. And that the Wife, 
after the Death of her Husband, fhall have by the Cu« 
fiome for .her Dower of the fayd Free Lands the third 
Part of the Rent thereof onely, and noe Parcell of the 
Laode. 

. And the fame.Free Land doth defcend to the Heire, 
or Heires according to the Courle of the Common 

Lawe. . 

Apd isalfbedivifeable by Teftament in write ing, or 

without writeing, beeiog proved by Lawfuil Wit- 

Vol. 8 f nefTes; 





tt.11 Tim r^ 

hfip^ ^^ikf^, mA 4 Day, and si 
fc/rlU, If iif^y Owrt her. lu^ waia 
fhi* /iifr»#» hif latk ^*f fdch E mrf r 'vmx\ 
^iill ^^ Km frraitidkiall u liB& 

/i^M m^mifls, M Mt'Iawed^ hoc cfatf: ^ i 
Afiill Itur^ rh#lf tLemedle ^MatHmg m ** 

Aft^t tmfhpf, it any Waft hee i 
tkMhttUfft to hi»v#J « Wrift^f Wgi«>Clatc iiti 
4M A^Mon of Waft, an4 to hare likef 
f N*» ( f miffi^f ti 1 41 wf ft* A nd for the Cafta 
l4«1f^ a t^lalnr In fixture of tb€ %d 
tt^^HV►rl^* 

Ah^I a4 umtMhfn the Cutbommc 
tUnU tMt¥hi\(^f ifytheCuiUme, toAei 
M tUiiftUw, a« M«lra t/i the Coflooie, 
iN^ tth Ht^llt^fi* fltiKla Fine, rU,. one Tc 

Ah^I alt ftii» ( 'ii(l«imarlc Tenaona 
VnH tahtl ar flff> Iratti have o(ed to 
kl( U^HoU. (ii^ il^Wkc Cattle, iave at ^ 
«vl«H> mtH ItMilit Itvafk hath been u(ed to be 

Ami If a 'l>Haiihl of Cuftomarle Lande, 
Imk hhmm I» hiMilHfV, lull have an under Sc 
HIk fliHt fh(» Iti^rttiiri or llcrlucts, which (halllmppen 
(H liHi* ihtfli^ii lur the Klng'i Majcftie, diall ooc bee 
Hk**M away fhtiii the Ikyd ^ under-tenant, befece the 
itMf ('141111 aflH ih^Dcath of theCuftomarieTeimaiint. 
Mm«» thai I hi* lti«lrrii, or llxccutori of the Caftomerie 
'l>nhainil In th» niraii Sca(bn may compoand, and 
a||U»(*« Milh ihr Farnior. or Ueouty, to the King's Ma^* 
li»ltlH liir ihi'Prko of the Ileriott, and if not theikyd 
Hi»ihill, liir nhoicn, to be Icly.ed to the King's V&. 

Ami rvrry IMirchalbur by Will, Surrender or other* 
wtli« of liti'hr Clullomarle Land, fliall pay for his Re|eife 
tloublo L'inc, »^ic. two Yearcs Rent. 

And 




Manm of Woodftocke. XLIII 

And further the Widdowe after the Death of her 
Husband fhall by the Cuftome have noe Dower of the 
Cuftomarle-Lands, except it bee by his Gift or Will 
declared, and for thofe Lands foe willed, and given 
unto her noe Heriott fhall bee payed, or due by the 
Death of any fuch Widdowe. 

And that the (ayd Cuftomarie Lands have ufed, and 
doe paflc by Surrender, and alio divifeablc by Tcfta- 
ment, in writeing or without writeing, being lawfull 

E roved &c. Soc that the fanac Teftament 1^ proved 
efore the Ordinarie within one Yeare^ and a Day next 
after the Death of the Teftatour. 

And if the Husband be feized of any Cuftonaary 
Landes, in the Right of his Wife ; or the Husband and 
his Wife bee feized joyntly, a Surrender made in the 
open Court by the Husband and the Wife, whereupon 
the Wife is duely examined by the Steward, (hall bind 
the Wife, and her Heires^ as well as a Fine levied at 
the Q)mmon-Lawe. 

And that a Surrender made out of Court of the 
iavd Free Lands or Cuftomarie Lands^ in the Prefence 
or three of the Cuftomarie Tenants, at the leaft that 
will teftifie the fame, is good, foe that the fame Sur« 
render be prefented within one Yeare^ and a Day^ 



f 2 Advertifemenc 



XLIV 

Advertifement. 

THE firft, third, fourth, filth 
and feventh Volumes of this 
Itinerary are deficient in (everal Places 
ot the Origmal, and the Vacuities have 
been filled up by Mr. Hearne firom 
Mr. StOTi/s Tranfcript. But upon fiir- 
thcr Enquiry it appears that thefe 
Leaves of the Original writ with Mr. 
Leland% own Hand, fuppofed to be 
loft out of the laid Volumes, are ftill 
prcfcrved and bound up without any 
Order or Connexion in one Volume, 
which makes the firft Part of the 
Eighth, as printed by Mr. Hearne, 
Upon which account the firft Part of 
the Eighth Volume was before printed 
twice, from the Original in Lelands 
own Hand; and from Mr. Stow's 
Tranfcript in the feveral Places of the 
forementioned Volumes, where each 
Part of it belongs. We have there- 
fore in this Edition reftored the Ori- 
ginal (not improperly we prefume) to 

it's 



\ 



it's Place, and have (as Mr. Rearne 

, has done in the other Volumes) fupr 

plied any Defeft of the Original, oc- 

cafioned either by time or mifufage, 

from Mr. i^/o^'s Tranlcript taken fbon 

j after Mr. Lelands Death, mentioning 

' at the bottom of every Page, where 

any fuch infertion has been made ; 

and we Ihall here Specify the feveral 

Places where each particular Fol. of 

the firft Part of this Eighth Volume 

has been inferted. 



Fol. I. of the Eighth Volume as printed fay Mr. Hearno to 
Fol. la. inclufive Vol. 7. pt id. Fol. ^6 a, to 79 a, and 
part of 79 b. 

Fol. I J, and 14. vacant. 

Fol. If, and i^. Vol. 6. Fol. 6%. 

Fol. 17, and 18. Vol. tf. Fol. 80. 

Fol. 19, and ao. Vol. 6. between Fol. ^4, and y(J. 

Fol. II, and ai. between Bnk and over Vol. 4. pt ift. 
Fol.«i. 

Fol. 23. Vol. 4. pt ift. Pait of Fol.tfz. .. 

Fol. 24. vacat. 

Fol. 25r. to 3f. inclufive Vol. 4. p' i4. between Fol. 19, and 
j8. Printed likewife in Mr. Hearne's Review p. 179. 
line 41. 

Fol. 3(J. 



XLVI 

Fol. i6. Vitat. 

Fol. 17, and %%. Vol. 4. pe ift. between Fol. 41, tnd 44* 
Printed in his Review p. 183. 

Fol. J9» tnd +0. Vol. 4. p« ift. between FoL:i7, and 19. 
Printed in his Review p. tj^ 

Fol. 41. to 4^. inclufive Vol. 4. p^ i*. between Fol. 6^ 
ami 10. Printed in his Review p. 177* 

Fol. 47. Vol. 7. pt ift. Fol. ytf. latter part. 

Fol. 48. Vol. 7. pt ift. Fol. 5(J. firft part. 

Fol. 49, and ;o. Vol* 6* Fol. 6f. 

Fol. fx, and 52. VoL 6. FoL 741 

Fol. 53. Vol. 7. pt ift. Fol. 3^. latter part. 

Fol. 54. VoL 7. p« ift. Fol. 3tf. firft part. 

Fol. yy. to ^3. inclufive Vol. 6. Fol. 3. 

Fol. ^4, and 6$. Vol. tf . Fol. 4. and part of Fed. f . 

Fol. 66. vacat. 

Fol. 67. to (fp. indufive Vol. 6. part of Fol. y, (f, and part 
of the 7th. 

Fol. 70. vacat* 
Fol. 71. id 7}. inchfive Vol. tf. part of Fol. 7, S, 9. 

Fol. 74, 7f, 7^. vacant. 
Fol. 77. Vol. 6. part of Fol. 9, and part of Fol. 10. 

Fol. 78. vacate 
Fol. 79. to 8 jr. inclufive Vol. i. Fol. 107, 108, 109. 

Fol. 8(J. vacat. 
i Fol. 87. 



\ 



Xbva 

Fol. 87, 88. Vol. 3. part of Fol. 71. 

,: Fd. 89. Vol, 3. Fol. ^y. latter end. 

Fol. 90. to Fol. 93. inclufive, ihould have been prlated 

r regulariy {as we found upon further JLeriew) tt the 

End of Fol. 3jr. of Vol. ;• But being omitted, we 

have now placed them at the End of the Third Vol; 

I pag. 173. with dired}:ions how to read them* 



N. S. 

There are a few thmgs more particular concerning the 
Infcriptions in the Second Vol. pag. j^* ofihe Binerary^ in 
Mr. Leland's CoUe&anea ; but for thefe we refer our 
Readers to bis ColleAanea, Vol. 6* pag. xji. 



An 



XLvnt 



An Account of the Inlcriptions at Melbury feat 
as by the Rev. Mr. Hutcbitu of Wdreham in 
D^rfitfttirti in which there is much di&reoce 

' from thofe in L ELAND Vol. 3. pag. 6^, 



HIc Jacent Johr$ Brounyng Fil* JohTs Broanjrng 
••t AHanora Ux* ej' Filia t ana Hered' Thome Fiiz- 




C^pidetur Oe^ Atnen 



Hie Jacent Willms Broanyng Armiger Fil* Johls 
Broanyng de Melbury Sampford Armigeri t Alianor' 
Ux' cj» Filie t un'a hered' Thome FitznycoU Dni 
de HuUJux* Berkele in Com' Gloaceftr' t Kat'rina 
Ux' ej^ Filia Laurenc' Drie de Southcott jux* Redyng 
in Com' Barkfcbyr ac AUcia Burton poftea ax p7dift 
Willmi Filia Johls Burton t liabelle Ux'ris cj» FU 
& hered' JolTis Twyford Armigeri Que quldem Alicia 
banc Tumbam cum toto Apparatu in omnibus de novo 
Fieri Fecit t Conftruxit Millefimo CC.C.C LXVII de 
bonis fuis Qppiis t Expends Quor'. Aqimabus Qgplciet' 
Dc» Amen ^^ 



THE 



. THE 

iXI N E RA RY 

OF 

JOHN LELANB 

The A N T I Q^U A R Y. 

Vol. VIIL Part the * Second. 

lO* The Number of Folio's anfwering Mr. Suiwt*% 
Tranfcripc (from which this II^*. Part is pablUbed^ the 
Original being wanting ) is plac'd in the Margin. 4 
iignifies the firft page of the Folio^ & the fecond. 



B 



Nomina epifcoporum « DoreMcefinnfum. 

IRINUS oUit 3. Call. Decembar mm dm. 6%q. roL4t.i^ 
Agelbertus. 
Elutherius. 



Jaromanus. 
Atitbla. 
Sexulphus. 
Eadtheaad. 
Athelwinus. 
Eadgarus. 

Bertmus temf$re reiis Ot£x. 
Kinebright. 
Eadbaidus. 
Alewy. 
Ealdwulpbus. 
Ceofwulphus. 
Eadwulpb. 



m Dorcaceftrenfes MS, 



* S. B. The firft Part of this Volume 19 placed in ii'i proper Place la the 
ccber Volumes^ ai you ii|ty Tee in the Adrectiicmeac* 

..Vol. 8. A 




a, LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Brithredus. 

Leofwimis fui ecwjmmt dMS ipifcopstnij fcilicet Dorcaftet 
& Leircefter. 
Alnoth. 
AfTcIeninus. 
Alphelinus. 
Eadnothus. 
Eatherintls/ 
Eadnothus. 
Wulpfe. 
u Wuwine r^mr^# Wilhelmi Baftardi. 

Nomioa epif(;oporuni Umoh. it conquefhi. 
Remfgius. 
1x23. Robertus Bloeth. deceafed amto 11x3. 
Alexandar. 

Robertus 4f!r iS EUenneto. deceafed 4^9^11 • • • 
Galfindui fvi ifr^nJUtm pit i Lincoln. EboT. 
Gualrerus it Conftancia. 
^ HugQ. 



Qui, 49 Montibus. 
Hueo WcUa. 



UgO V 

Fol.48.b. Robert Groftefte. deceafed tmMii^. 
^exington: 
Richard Gravefend. 



Heiiricu9 Lexington : ccramtitf.S.MkT^mar. 



to no. 

. 5. Mar. i 



Oliverus Sutton. 

Johannes Dalderby. 
ienricus Burwafche. 
Thomas Weke. 

Joannes Gynwelle, fifuL in Occident, far. eecUf. 
Joannes Bukingham. 

Henricus Beaufort, trsnjlatus ad Winton. ir foftem card. 
S. Eufebii. 
Philippus do Ripington. 
Richardus Fleminge. 
Gul. Gray. 

Gul. Alnewik.y!;^i^//ir; Occident, far. occkpe. 
Marmaducus Lomeley. 

Toan. Chedworth, fepuL toreali forte froft SuttOfu 
Thomas Rotheram tranjlatus ad Ebox. 
Joann. Ruffelle. 

Gul. Smith, fefult. oceiden. forte ecclefie. 
Thomas Wol/ey tranjlatus ad Ebor. 
Gul. Awater, feful. occid. fart, ecclef. 



m Wttwinas MS. It Sic. 



Johttuies 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ? 

Johannes Longeland erexit faeeBum €itm fififlcbr9 sJksiOi' 
mttm fefu/chro Kndkllu 

Prater Adzmfcriffit vitsm S. Hueoois efijhpi Lincoln. & 
fi lihitm dedit R. Fnori & mdnscik Wichameniibus. 

S. Hugo natus in territarh Gratianopolitano. 

Pecrus monachns Cifterc. fofiea arcbiefsfiofm Tarentafienfis, 
f receptor Hugoois. 

Hugo franotatus fer Henri. a«. vemt ad Witham in 
Anglia, ulfi faulo sjae • • • • Henr. mcnsfier. Cartuiia- 
norum infiitutraS. 

Sepultures in Lyncolne. '«*• 4f • •• 

Henry BurwaJcb^v&tL\o^ of Lincoln buried in the Eft Ende 
of the Churche toward the Northe. 

There is alfo buried at. his Fete Rohart his Brothar^ a 
Knighte of greate Fame in the Warrs. 

And there alfo is buried Barpt9leme Sunn to Robert Bur- 
wafciej and thejr foundyd 5*. Prifts, and f. pore ScoUars at 
Gramar Schole in Lymolne. 

In owr Lady ChappelL at the Eft Ende of the Northe Syde 
of the Churche, is biiriea the Bowells of Quene Blianor. The 
Armes of Cafile be on the Svde of the Tonibe. 

In the Southe Eft Chapell next to it is buried one of the 
Lorde Nicholas CantUupes. 

This Camtilupt foundyd a Maftar and a. or j. Cantuaris, 
aftar augmentyd to vii. Now the CoUedge is corruptely 
cauled Negem College. 

And thereby at his Hed lyetbe one of the H^jmUfcbef^ a 
Refidenfarv of Uncolne in a fayre Highe Tombe. 

InSMcbolasChzpell is a merveylowsfair and iargePfaltar, 
full in the Margin of goodly Armes of many Noble Men. 

S. Hughe liethe in the Body of the Eft Parte of the Chircbe 
above the Highe Altare. 

Bysihopefs/mxis^ liethe in an Hi^he Tumbe in the Northe 
Ifle of tbe upper Parte of the Chirche in the WaUe ; and 
thereby undar flate Scones, ly Oltvit Sutton^ and y$h$ Chad* 
wortbeBjttiQfc. 

Bysfhope RuJfeB znd Longland now Bysflibp Tumbes be hi 
to Chapells caft out of the uppar Parte of tne Southe Wall 
of the Churche. 

Agayne this Chapell is Fitz WtUiam Knight buried. 

In the Southe Parte of the Presbytery lyithc in \. feveralle 
highe Marble Tumbes in a Chapell Catarine S^inefrrde^ the 



« F. fimiliiipo. f Libre ^X 

Ai 3. Wife 



4 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

9. Wife to j0bmi^Gmmt Duke isiLmmmthr^ tnd Jmt ber 

Dougtar Couotes of Wefimirlsmd. 

By (hope ThamMs lyeche in the higiieft Ooft Kordie Ub 

1t9ieH GrpfiiJ iyeche in the hypiefte Sontfae Ifle wA a 
goodly Tumbe of Marble and an Imijee of Bnfle orer it 

Byslhope RefimgUn lyethe under a flare StcMie thereby. 

In the lower nortbe CroflTe IflelyetheBysfliop^ZtMMdlUr. 
M. 4f.K In the lower Soutbe Crofle Ifle laye BTsfhope AdM^; 
but his Tumbe was taken away nmmmejMfer/U^mds. 

2^okm MMltom Knyeht lyeche in the Bodf of the Chiidie. 
YSfliope G9/)imf lyethe in the Body ot the Churdie, tod 
buyldyd a sreate Qiapell of SeintJU^^Ai/Mir without the very 
Northe Wauil, but joyninge on the North Syde of tbeCa- 
thedrall Churche, and fbundyd a ;• Cantuaiics. and this 
Churche was afcar tranflatyd into the Northe Syde of die 
Eskeker by the Peace of Weft Area of the Churche Yank. 

Where the Deane of Ljncolnes Howfe is in die Minftir 
Clofe of Lyncolme and there about was a Monafterye of Nimei 
afore the rime that Remiglus began the newMyoftar of Ln- 
€olme : and of this Howfe yet remayne certayne tokens of it. 

The Body of the Churche of Lynctlme to tne firft CroflTe Ifle 
hathe viii. Arches pilloryd with Marble on eche Syde. 

The iirft Croflc IQe is greatar and more in Lengthe then 
the feconcl Crofle Ifle is. 

The Qujere betwixt the a. Croffe Ifles hathe on echo 
fyde 4* Arches and Pillor of Marble. 

The Eft Ende of the Churche hathe y. Arches on echo 
Syde withe Pillors of Marble. 

At the Northe Eude of the upper Croffe Ifle is the Qoy- 
ftrc, and in the Kfte Ende of it is the Chapitre Houfe, the 
Efte Ende whereof is very fiiyre opere circuUri^ and the Amv 
is fufteinid with a Pillor of Marble. 

There is a wQiy fayrc Dorc in the upper Part of the 
Churche Southeward to go into the Clofe, and agayne this 
lyithe the Bisfhops Palace hangginge in m ieclivlm. 

Al the hole Clofe is environid withe an higbe ftronge 
Wawle havynge dyvcrs Gats in it, whereof the princiwJJjs 
the Efcheker Gate. ^ ^ 

The Paroche Churche of Seint MargsreU is within the 
Clofe by Eft Southe Eft. * 

In paroch. eccle. de Gaineshurge^ 

Dmmnm Thomas Burgh miUs §rd$ms Garteril oUst £999 



m L. declivi, vtl declivo. 

Dam, 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 5 

* Dm. t4oS. Sepuhus efi m au/lra/i forte fitfremi altaris atm f ^ct. 
Margareta domina de Boterax ejw ccmfirte. 

' Dotninui Edmund Corewaille domhnis de Thonak jacet h- 

* reals parte eccleji. ^InfiHuit iUdem tres cantvarias. olnit anna 

' J>o. ijaa. \6. die « Decembris. i^xi* 

»• ^atermayne fouadyd an Hofpitall at Tame in Oxfcrdjhire. FoL /©. «. 

■ One of the §^atermams is buried in Tame Churche. 

k The §watermajnes were Men of faire Lands in the Quar- 

■ ters of Oxferdy Bukynghame and Barkjhire. 

I The laft of tht ^ktermains left mofte of his Lands to 
I one Fowlar^ whofe Sune was after Chauncelar of the Duchye 
I of Lancafiar^ and this Chaunfelars Sonne fold away all. 
I Ricote was one of §uatermains Manor Places* 
I Yonge Chambarlajne of Oxfordjb'tre tolde me that the 
; Lordfliipe of Cotes zbout Northampton was the auncicnts Ma- 
; nor of the Chamherleins. He told me /8 all that they had alfo 
the Lands of a Knight c^vX^AHelke by Heires gcneralle. 

Gul. de Perci in tempore G'ul. com. de^ 
Jit f. feodos militum coUegio de Bever- Ther was in the olde Rowie 
ley, totidem S. Wilfrido 3e Ripon, to- fet theName ofj^gelnoun with 
tidem hoff>italari$s ^ totidem templariiSy one of the firft Percys, 
totidem 3. Hildi de Whitby. -^ 

Hie Gul. findator frit de Whitby. Alanus ejus filius con- 
frmator. 

Emma de Port nupfit G ul . Perqr . 

Gysbritus Tifbun frndator monafieriorum de Malton ^ 
Watton frit dominus de Alnewik CT Malton. This T/foun 
gave the Lordelhipe oflFatton to a Nece of his. 

Gul. jlitMS Gisbnghti interfe&us in iello y inter Haroldum 
^ Guli. reges. 

Surely, as far as I can perceyve, the Vefcys Heires to Tifon 
wereFoundars diWattomxnA, Malton^ and not Ttfoun himfeife. 
Guil. Tifoun reliquit etiam uwcamjUiam^ quat nupfit Yvoni 
de V^ic^ op. Normanniac. 

Gisbrigntus batuit etiam juniorem filium Richardum , cus 
multas ter. dedit. 

And Richard's Heires Males in tyme decayng cam by a 
Doughtar Bona Tijiun to Gul. Hilton. Gul. Percy 3. funda- 
tor de Hanke. 

Ther was notyd in the old Rolle apon the Name of Joce- 
linus de Lovain^ Sonne to the Duke of Brabant ^ how that at 
fuche tyme as he fliuld mary the Heyre of the Percy^ that foI. ;o. b. 
he fiiula othar^ake theName of Percys or cU Percys Armes 



Decembar NS. fi Sic. y Enter MS. 

witheotti 



4 LELAND^ ITINERARY- 

witheout Addition of the Artnes of Brsiam$ ; wheretpon he 
toke the Name of Fercy^ and kept in his Armes the blew 
Lyon the Armes cfBraiamt. ' ■ ■ 

Vifcj cam by the Lmcjs Land by meane of an Heire Gene- 
rail or the Jjucls that he maried^ And (he havynge no Chil- 
dren by hym, and dyenge afore hym made hym hir fole 
Heire by Decfe of mere Gitte. 

41 £z tabula pencilibus Dunelmewpf. 
Z34(« ,^mo Domini 134^. vigilim $. Lucae h$rM 9. Betum hOet 
Scottos & Anglos tn loco diSoUcv'ilVg Crofle. 

Rex David eefit Lidel. 

J^ex David venit ad Bewrepark, nUfixit tenUria* 

Hoe tempore exercitns Anglorum erat 4^i Akeland. 

Bartbram Copland mane irruebat €um forte txercfttu in 
Scottos. 

Meville ^ Henri, ^trcf fofteafartiter cnm Scottis dtmiU" 
iant. 

Gul. de la Zuche archieplfeoPm Ebor. & Mowbray ojm did" 
connf^ ac Robertas Ogle ejue fitdiaconm jirttter fngnaSsnt. 

Thomas Carre vefciUarius dixit Joanni Copland, eofe Da- 
videm regem. 

Mundingden locus profe Norham cade Scotorum tnfpnf^ 

Jacobus occifiis apud Brankfton, 

Intelligic Gul. do la Soucb archiepifcopum SUr. 
Sit pater in%n3e^ ficco de ftipite dlSe^ 
Grande tuum nomen^ tiU conditor attulit umen. 
Sit laus armorum comltl fi vatts calamoriom. 

Berdwith miles comitlsTo&i vlolans pacem S.Cvtthbciti ferSt. 
. F«J n • •• A ftronge wardyd Gate at GeteJIjed. 
KmCdfig. ^„^ Bridge hathe 10. Arches and a ftronge Wtrde and 
Towre on it, 

A Gate at the Bridge Ende. 

Then turninge on the rieht Honde to the Key aChapell 
of the Towne withe a Maejun Dieu. 

Then a certen Houfes with a Watar Gate and a iqware 
Haull Place for the Towne, and a Chapelle there, as I re- 
membar. 

Then a mayne ftronge Waull on the Haven Side to Sand- 
gate to Tinmouthe way. 

Then g. Towers to Vandon Gate. 



« SU In MS. fed legend, vel Ex tabula penfili Dunelmenfi, 
v?l ex tabulis penulibus Dunelmenfibus. fi Sic in JUS. B 
vallis calamorum* 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 7 

There harde by dothe • . . • Deene Watar dryvc a 
Miiie, and paifithe thrwghe « the • • • .on this Watar 
there by is a litle archid Bridge. 

And about this Qiuutar ftoode the Howfe of the Friers 
itrdinls S. Trinitatis. 

Froa\ Fmndw Gate to FUgriwn Gate 15. Towres. 

Thens to Newgate 8. 

The Obfervant Frires Howfe ftode bjr Fmuhm Gate. It 
W»s a very fayre tbinge. 

And lower in the lame Strete, but on the contrary Sjrde a 
licle with a Laoe, was the Houfe of the Jbtpifime Freires. 

From Niwg4$$ to IVoflgate a auj^itye ftronge thinge of 4. 
Wardes, and an YronGate i v Towres. 

The taire Place of Blake Freres ftode bytwixt Nivgate 

The Nuooes Denehavinge i. Bridges refortithe towards 
Pi/jtrime Gate, aod fo dowHe ward to Thie. 

The Watar of boothe the Denes commithe from the Cote 
Pitts at C&whil or Cow m$re halfe a Mile owt otNewCaJlelle. 

Ther is a Parke waullid and a Lodge witheout the Blak 
Freres and the Towne Waolle. 

From ^effgati to The Gde 16. parte almofte round, parte 

fqware. There I faw the Hofpitall of S anid thea 

the White Freres, whos Garth cam almofte to Ttue fyde. 

Ther be 3. Hedds of Conduiths for frefch Watar to the 
Toon. 

Sepulchra epifcoponim Jhrnelmen. in capitulo. F0I./1. hi 

Robertus de infula in varh marmore. 

Turgotus ^fcMfj Aldunus,^ & Walkerus in un9 tuinulo. 

Edmundus c^ Edredus in uno fmnuh. 

Guil. de Capilepho. 

De Groyftane natnsjacet tic Robertus htimatm. 

Nicolaus Ferneham (Miofnt^ 

Pbilinpus efifiofm, Richardus de Marifco. 

Rmmiflw^ asfomelay, hayldjdNorkamCMc. 

WJkens thiSt was flayne at GatJbeJ was firft byried at 

Alter um [epikbntm fiie injiriftione. 
Ranulphus ^ifiefus^ GaUndus efifcefus^ Gulielmus x. Wal- 
terus. 

In Choro* 
Skidaw si katum^ mtcu. 
HztfclddJaitfinn^fuiarcu. 
' Ludovieus Belk^C^t eeram mag. alfart fut pUno marmore. 



a Sic. In 



g LELANiyS ITINERARY* 

In orientali tranfepro ecclefios. 
Antonius de Bccco fut flan^ IsfiJe m ad Becco fui flamf 
lafide' ad horealem partem , 
Richardus de Byri adauflrum. 

In Galilea. 
Thomas fi Langelcy cancellar. Angl. tmfwe jon, r^jprwi 
fepultus in Galilca. 

Eft autem Galilca eccl. adjeSfa Occident, farti mag. eccl. 
yHabet in latitudiue ^.fartes i diftantas, & anafUMquefan 
arctts 4* 
Langelej made the fonge and the Cramer Schols tc Dirbam. 
Robert Nfvi& Bislhope oi Durham iyithe in a highe playne 
Marble Tumbe in the Galile. As fome fay this Newtt xxiade 
the Firetrum S. Cuthekerti as it is now. 

There liethe at the Hedde of this Kevitte Richard de Caftro 

Barnardi undar a fiat Stone. There liethe at his Hed one of 

B«i« I the Nevilies. There is alfo a Tumbe of Bede the noble Monke. 

Monke. fwo of the Lomeleys \y at the Northe Sydc of the Churche 

in the Churche Gartne in vario marmore* 

Fol. ;i. 1. Things that I lernjd of Maftar Hinmar Charn^ 

cellar tf/Durham. 

A Bysflio{) of Durham gave, as it apperithe bv writinge, 
the Lordelhipe of Ravenjworthe apon Tine to a Nephew of 
his. Sins it was one HumfreviUs^ then Ijomeley^ and now 
Gafcoynes. 

Bointon was Owner of this CafUe no very longe tvme (ens. 

The Lands wher now Greatham Hofpitaie is oy HertelfoU 



was longinge to Peter Mountefort of the Erldome of JLijrce^ 

'' tr^ and beinge attaynted the Kynge enteryd on the Lande. 

hen the Bysinope of Durejme made Sute to the Kynee, fajr- 

ige that attayntyd Land m the Byfliopriche Ihuld be his. 



^: 



enge 



and provynge that to be trew, he nad the Land, and made 
there an Hofpitall, and induyd it withe the fame. 

Henricm de Puteaco Brothar to Hugh • Puteacm was Foundar 
of Fink^al Priorye on Were a. Mils benethe Durefmy and 
there is he buried ; and alfo S. Goodelak the Heremite. 

There is a Place in the very Hedde of JVeredale cauUid 
the Bysjhop Stones^ and there is the limes bf the Bislhoprike. 

There be 8. Prebends or Portions at Northton apon Ttff 
a bout a Mile above Stokton. 



a Sic in MS. Sed 'voces i/?^. nifaUor^ redundasst. ^ Lamge- 
ley MS. y Habit MS. I Ste in MS, F. diftindtas. t Puteaus 
MS' 

Tarbam 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. y 9 

Tarham Bridge is x. Mils above it. Waltar Skirlaw Bfs- 
fliope of Durehame made lareham Bridge. He made alfo the 
Gate Howfe at Akeland^ and alfo Finkl^ Bridge on IVere of 
1. Arches, or rathar one Arche withe a Piilor in the midle of 
it was made by Skyrlav. It was throwne downe 1. or j. 
Yeres agoo for lake of Reparations in tyme. It ftode a Mile 
above Durefme, 

This Sklriaw made all, or a Peace of the Lanterns at Torke 
Minfter caft out of the Vaults of the Ifles of eche Syde of the 
highe Altar. For there be his Armes fette. 

Skirlaw made at Swme mHolderneJfe^ where he was borne,* 
a fayre Chapelle, and there indued to Cantuaries. His Fa- 
thar, as fome fay, was a Makar of CifFenes for Meale. 

There is bothe Yren and Lede Owre, and alfo ColS in 
IVerdale. 

The Water of Were is alway of a trobelyd Color, as cum- 
minge thoroughe Moriflie and Owrifche Soyles. 

Licle or no Fifhe is taken but Eles in the upper Parte of 
Were. For Fiihe can not ther well lyve in it. 

Woulfingham Market in Weredale is cleane decayed. For 
none repayre thither with Ware or Intayle on the confuete 
Day. 

As far as Stanhope Men of Knowlege fay that there ncvar FoL/a.b; 
was Marker. 

Maftar Chauncelar of Durefme holdithe opinion that the 
m marmoruartum that is at Durefme in divers Parte of the 
Churche was taken nother out of Tefe nor Were but at a 
meaner Broke by Woulfingham, 

There is a very good Quarre of Gray Marble at Angle fion. 

Hugo deFuteaco^ as the Dene of Durefme tolde me, made 
the Howfe that the Byfhops of Durefme have at Darlengton. 

Ex antiquo Codice Dunelmenf. 

Tempore Berthrami Vrlorss vaccaria quiedam prope Dunel- Bisurtfstre. 
mum mutata eft in locum folatii ^ adificils ornata ; i ^uo 
tempore diBa eft Beaurepair, id efi^ bellus reditus. 

Omnes epifcopi Lindisnirnenfes ^ Coni caftrenfes at Aidano 
ad Walkerum Normannum/i^»»f monachi. 

Crux lapidea in cmmiterio Dunelmenfi delata erat i Lindif- 
fam cum corpore S. Cutheberti, in ^uo ^ fculptum erat nomen 
epifcopi facientis iUam^ f, Ethel waldi. Frius erat fraSa ipa^ 
ganis ; fed pojlea plumbo artificiofe partes erant reunite. 



m F. marmoratum. ^ Sic emendavi. Seluptio erat MS. 
• Vol. 8. B ln{%U 



to LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

inKiU f^W htfiU Lindisfernenfis conSiuet 8. miUisrim. 
*/kw* Ecilefis & viBm dt Norham/^r Ecgredum ffrfi&fgm geJ^ 

€sU c^ S. Cuthberto iidt^e. 

Cmrpm S. Cuthberti delatum Cregam^ iU re^ukvH 4. m^ 
ht$^ O* f«/^« delMtum eft Ceftram. 

Mardcknute cominlit S. Cuthberto totam terrmm imter Tcfe 
& Tine. Scotti in Mundingham/^cj^^ Norham twri « mifmfti 
fr^pttr ttftm S. Cuthberti ak e$s^oliatM$. 

Cmrfmt S. Cuthberti requievH in Ceftra Mms 119. ^ftfeg 
«/ari/Ripon 3. menft^m. 
AWn^im. ^(^re »9^7ar w ifei&V 5. Cuthberto Darington cmm fertineH 
Umh4 * tiis^ <^ iv^if csrucdtm in fi Lumlea. 
vOI^. Swaculf /I//W Kikelli <fci/iV ^. Cuthberto Bradebyri, Mor- 

dun^ Sockourn, Grifeby cnmfaca &ficna. 
Walkcrus cnautit Yarow cum pertinentlis. 
Waldeophus C9mes Northumbr, dedit monacbk de Yarow 
Tinmouthc. Gul. Rufus rex dedit Alverton S. Cuthberto. 
M, f 1« t. Hu^ de Ponteaco efififvs Dunelmen. fecit mmmm cmfieK 
in p0rts M^uihnsri ufyue Partem auftralem. Hugo etiam feat 

I lugo/cr// ofidnm Mfud Alverton. Hugo Sadbrigiam emit 
iRicnardo rrge. 
lo80t ^yaIthcrus tfifc^pm Dunelmen. tnterfeSns anno JDem. io8o. 
C^ tjm tfifc$fmtM snno 9. fui quo manachi introdnSi erant in 
Uunelinum snmo Dom. 108^. 70. Cal, Jun. feria 6. stmmis 89. 
#ir fu§ C9rfm S. Cuthberti iUuc delatum. 

tiuK Conqueftor/fc/V Novum Caftrum/i^wTinam. Lei- 
land. H$c 0fm Roberto Gul. Baftardi/Z/^ afcriUtur. 

Canurus rex dedit S. Cutheberto Stanthorpe ^ Rftby cum 
aiiit terrii* 

Epitaphium Matilda imperatricis. 

Ortu magna, viro major, feci maxima partu^ 

Hie jacet Henrici hlia^ fponfa, parens. 

Fi/ia Henrici y i***" regis Angl. uxor. Henrici imperatmt^ 
mater Henrici a . regis Angliae. 

Tillbredus aUas He£Fereham dedit Yoden auttraU S. 
Cuthberto. 

Gutheardus diSlhs efifcofus fraftitit f lures nnUas cttidam 
Alfredo filio Birutufwici exults. 

Elftanus rex Wermuth auftralem cum fuis affendiciis re-- 
ftituit S. Cuthberto. 

Chronica feretri S. Cuthberti. 

Robertus Courthofe c«»<//V/>NovumCaftrumyi;f fr Tinam. 



Abforti MS. fi Lulea MS. 7 In MS. in ferperam legitur. 

Sides 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. tt 

Sedes Ebor. fofi mortem S. Wilfridi /r/w/ vacavit Mnnis 30. 
quo tempore Lindisfarnenfes efifcofi Colmannus, Aidanus c^ 
rinnanus dloscejim iliam rege^ant. 

-^cfridus rex dedit Crege S. Cuthberto. 

Ethel ftanus rex mult a ornament a ecclejjajttca dcdit mtni^ 
firis S. Cuchberti. 

iEthelftanus rex reftltutt S. Cutheberto av.Jlralem Were* 
mouth cum undecim villis, 

Epifcopi Dunelmenfes \ tempore Ludovici Bellemont. 

Richardus Byri conjecratus 14. Call. Januarii anno Dmt. 
13^. ohiit 8. CaL Mail anno Dom. 1 345. I3??» 

Thomas Hatfeld confecratus efi 11. Jul. videlicet 6. ldutTo\,$^.h. 
Julii anno Dom. 1345:- •» ohVtt i. Non, fi Mali anno Dom,i^%i. I34y» 

Johannes Fordeham confecra. Nonis Januar . anno Dom.ii^i . 
dr tranjlatus eft ad Elienfem 3. Non, Apr. anno 1389. 

Walterus okirlaw confecra, 3, Me A^x'u anno Dom, 1389. 
y ohiit 8. CaL Apr. anno Dom. 140^. 

Thomas Langele confecratus 7. die i Mail anno Dom. 1^06. 
ohiit 28. </. • Novembris anno Domini 1437. 

Robertus Neville tranjlatus a fede Sarum confecra. ij. die 
Januarii anno Dom. 1437. Aliifcrihunt confecr. ejfe 8. die Apr. 
anno Dom, 1438. oUit 9. die Jul. anno Dom, 1457* 

Lawrentius Bouth confecra. ay. die ^ Septembris i?/>tf</ Shir- 
burn in Elvet anno Dom. 1457. tranjlatus fit ad fedcm Ebor. 
Me S. Firmini efifcopi 

Frovocatus efi rex Edwardus contra Antonium de Bek efif-* 
cofum Dunelmenfem, eo quod n facem inter iffum & Priorem 
mediante rege initam non ohfervajfet ^ dr ex aliis caufftf cum 
hac cajirum Bernardi cum fertinentiis ah eo ahfiulit^ ^ comiti 
^(pWarwik 3* contulit^ Hert & Hertneffe Roberto J^CliflFbrd, 
Kenrefton Galfrido de Hertilpole, qua epifcopus hahuit exfo^ 
risfaBura Joannis de Balliolo, Roberti de Brufe, & Chrifto- 
phori de Seton. In charta tamen di&l regis addebatur iflui 
verBum^ falvo jure ecclefiae Dunelmends. 

Thomas Melfaube Prior Dunel. fabruavit eccL Dunelmen. 
de novo adjuvante Nicolao Fernnam epifcopo Dunelmen. 
prius regina 1 medico. 

Anno Domini iz6^. Hugo de Derlington Prior Dunelmen. i^Sa^ 
fecit mag. campanile^ parcos de Beaurepair & Muggelefwik, 
fiagnum de Eery Pitington, Benliflfej Mukelingc. lUe fecit 



m Obit MS. fi May MS. y Obit MS. J" May MS. 

• November MS. 5 Septembar MS. n Pace inter ipfum 
& Priore m. rege in intam non MS. d> Comoliit MS. 

* Medici MS* 

B a manerium 



1% LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

mdmertMm it Kectoo, « CMpeBam, mulmm ^ cMmurm Je ttiem^ 
csmiras de Piciagtoo, Well-Scow & Wardlaw, p^fr^ i Scot- 

wn : ili.tis deftraSlas. Fecit hfifer csnmerMm deMxLglciwjk^ yspm 

vtr)$^ff$. 4/f Dcvcrnenffct &de Brown. 

l4o8. A^ anjto Dim. i^oS. nfjme sd Mstmum I>om, 1498- expeait- 
iantur ad adtficationem r/itur/fnOuiielnieti. 838. /f. ij.fiLir 
9k ex quibm Walccrus Skirlaiw dedit 60a. iiSrm ^ ex fiikm 
efifc0piu vivens xoo. eo mertuo exTcmtores 400. 

l'/4- >• Skyrlaw dedit etiam sd corfirnSitmem aarmutnrsi 350. msf' 



tas. Aqua duQus In ceUar'ium dcnvatus smmm J>mm, 142^. 
Bkkeburne ^ dejcendit in Horfelchopboume, inde Horfelc- 
hopbournc defcendlt in Derwent » memtmB f^rte^ fint 



• Hawkcsburn dejcendit in Ronelefhopbouroe, ^ imde fat 
Ronelclliopbourn dejcendit de Derwent. 

Owe of a Table in the Chapell of S • . . . 
. . . withe in Barnard's Caftell. 

Cejl memoratum avint le an del incMmati9n mil e dem ten 

r 

laj^, e tT?ntre troys al entredel an el fecunde meys tut drwjt U f»«rt 
jVr de Fefrcr. dune trtfaJTa le franc gerrer Alen le feignur de 
Galwcyth. fries ad dieu keja alme lui flayfe. amen. 

Things lernjd out of a Pet/gre of the JL. Scrope. 

IValtcr le Scrof the firft that was memorable of that Name. 
The fifche in Delccnc aftar Water was Fhilipe^ and he leftc 
2. Dowghrars that were maried, and died witheout Iflae. 

Simon was Brother to the aforefayde Philip^ and was Hcire, 
and had Iflwc Male. Philip and Siwon ly burie^ in the Southe 
Vorche Sydes of WenceUw Paroche on Ure a Mile or more 
above Midleham. 

Henry le Scrop was in the Beginning of the Reigne of Ed^ 
vard the 2. a Baron of the Eskeker and 3. made a Lord of 
the Parliament, and dyenge was buried in the Beginning rf 
Edward cht 3, Dayes at S. Agathas by Richmonty where dyvers 
othar of ihac Name were beried. 

The Chanons of Seint Agathas tooke one RoaUus for theyr 

Originall Foundar. Som thinke ^ that* he was of the Screpes^ 

fome thinke rather nay. 

sJ Henry Lorde Scrope had a Brother caulled Geffray^ partain* 

inge to the Law, and he was made Lorde Scrope of Masjham. 



ii Capella, aule & cameras MS. $ Deftrudas MS. 
y Aqua MS. f Defcen MS. • Hawkesbarn MS. Z The 

.<^:s. 

Richard 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 13 

Rrchard Lorde Scrofe was Chauncelar of England in Richard Scr»f 
the 2. Dayes. This Richard made out of the Grownd the chanfeUr. 
Caftle of J3(i//(i» of 4, greate ftronge Towres and of good 
Lodgyngs. It was a makynge xviii. Yeres, and the Chargys 
of the Buyldinge cam by V ere to loco. Marks. 

One Blaunche Dowghtar to Michael de la Pole was maricd 
to this Richard* This Richard had a Sonne cauJIyd Gulielme, P®'* ^4- ^ 
whom Kynge Richard the 2. madeEarle of WiUeJhere. He was 
aftar behedyd, and had no IITwe^ Yet Richard lyvcd^ and 
thowghe he wer not reftoryd to hisOflfice of Chaunfelar, yet Senfe 
was he made Threaforcr to the Kynge, and dyed in Honor. Trcafurtr. 

Some of the Scrofes wer buryed at i>.j^gathas by Richemount^ 
and moafte of late Dayes at Bolton. 

There were of the Scrofs of the Flejfyes^ and of thtTrankes 
buried in the Grey Friers at Richemount, 

One Rohert Upetote died in Edward the 3. Days, and he 
had g. Dowghtars and Heires, whereof one was maried to 
m Le Scrofs and by this Tipetote Le Scrofe had the Caftell of 
Langham in Nottnghamfhire^ where was a principal! Howfe 
of the Ttfetots. 

William Scrofe and Heire of the Scrofet afore they were 
Lords, and the Lord hlevitte were Founders of the . . . . 

One Rohertus de veteri fonte was Lorde of Appleby ia 
Kynge JohT^f^ tyme, and fo was one of them in the firft Yeres 
of -Ew^jr^ the i. 

Radulphus filius Ranulphi was Lorde of Midleham^ and lefte 
2. Dowghtars. Mari the elder was maried to Nevile^ Johan 
to Tatefball^ and he dyenge witheowt Iffwe the hole cam 
to Nevile. 

Snape Lordfliipe, where now the Lord Latimer dwellithe, 
was FJtz Randots. 

The innar Parte of the Caftle of Midlebam was buildyd or 
ever it came to the Neviles Hands. 

Mounteacute Erie of Saresbjry was Lorde cfFerlthe Caftle. 

Richard Lord Scrope that buildid Bolton Caftle boute the 
Heire Generall of S. H^nttne that was Ownar of Homhy 
Caftle in Richemouvtjhire. 

This Richard vrzs content that one Corners a Servant of his 
ftiuld have the Preferment of this Warde 3 and fo he had 
Bomeby Caftle. 

GuL Comers the firft Lorde of that Name, Grauntfathar to 
hym that is now, dyd great Cofte on Hi^r^e?^;' Caftle. It^™-^^*- 
was before but a meane thinge. 



« Lelcrop MS. /• The Number is wrong. 

There 



14 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

There ftandithe the Ruine of t Caftlet, or Pill, id d 
Toppe of an Hill, and is callid Fenbii. It ftandythc a i. Mil 
from MidUham. It longed to Rmft FHai RmmM^ as ififi 
bdm dyd. 

The fayre Bridge of 3 . or 4. Arches that is on Ure at Wim 
law^ a Mile, or more, zbove Midlebamj was made ioo.Yc 
ago and more by one caullyd Alvme^ Parfbn of Wencdi§» 

Scpul. archiepifcoporum in orient, parte eccle&e. 

1177. Walterus Gisfart obilt 7. Cat. «Maii mmno jy^m. 1177. 

115a. Henry Murdak oBlHanne Dom» n^?- 

iio8. Gerardus oitit xi. CaL Jun. annoD^m. izc8. 

Defuit infcrtptto, 

Joannes de Thorcsby, quondam MencvcnGSyfpfteaWigm 

& Ebor. archiePifiopus , ^us faMcam f)i 

'U?- 6. die fi Novcmbris anno Dom. 1373. 

XIII- Thomas junior oBiit anno Dom* 1 1 1 3 • ^. Idns Mart. 

'^95* Johan. Romanus obiit anno Dom. ixpy- 

in bore. lat. Capel. S. Mar. 

Rotheram arehiepifcopus frit canceUaritts Anglix (5* Frauds 
lyoo. Obiit 19, die y Maii anno Dom. 1500. 

Georgius Nevile archiepijcopus obiit aptid Blitheborow fd 
l+7^» undo ad ecclejiam fuam anno Dom. 147^. 

In Sacello S . . • . 

Thomas de Mafliam dominus de Scrope, a;/r nMlk^ tk 
Fecit in facfUo S .... dum €a$ttumm* 

l\ttixioisprimogenitus]o^Vims Domini Le Scrope oUttrnfia 

Phihppa, uxor Hcnrki Domini Le Scrope e^ Jg MafliA 
filia Guidonis domini de Brieu, obiit 19. die # Novemh 
anno 1^06. 

D0Mi»M/ Joannes le Scrope ^f Upfaule obiit mtom^ Dom. 14) 

ScephanusLe Scrop, archidiaconus Richemond, §K$mi 
Domini 1 41 8. 

Jaeent ^ alii a» ejufdem momims extra faceBmntj fed m 
fores ejufdem, 
Fol x5. h. Salvage arclyiepifcopus Ebor. fepultus in cboro he iareMB fm 
fuper • attari. 

Jn auprali ex traverfo ccclefa* Gualterus Grey. 
I J^i. Wilhelmus dc la Souche. Obiit anno Dom. 135*1. 



m May j*f5. fi Novembrc-W^. y MzyMS. > NoveB 
bar MS. • Alraris MS. 

Roger 



fjj tELAND'S ITINERARY. jy 

^^. Rogerus de Afc fundavit monafierium moniaUum S. M An-*- 
*■ drcas de Mirig in fun Jo fifuo patrimonii mjfenfu domim fui ^^^rri^m 
f^Warnerii fiiii GuiXimari, e^ conceffioue Conari amitis de 
■■ Richemonte. 

£x libr. de y archicpifcopis Ehor> ccclef. ufque ad 
^ mortem Thurfiini^ iacerco autore. 

^ Paulinus i»«». archiefifcopus £bor. temfore Sax. 
" Edwinus rf.v Northumbr.^^jwAf/^rEboraccnfis eccle. 
^ Paulinus i fundator eccL Lmcoln. 

Honorius conficratus in archiefifcofum Cantuar. ^ Paulino 
^ i» eccl. Lincoln. 

^ Paulinus yw^/V»/ i Northumbr. barbarorum frofter ferfecu^ 
iionem faBus ef ijcof us 'B^ofcn&Sy ibique mortuus efi. 

Cedda i. arch. Lbor. foBus cum fedes vacajftt froprio ca^ 

■ ttns epifcopo 30. anvis. Hie Cedda ante fuerat abbas de Le- 
ftingei. Ufus efi epifcopatu 3. annis^ ^po^ea amove quietis vit^e 
bonori cejjit. Voftea ab Wulphero Merc, rege % faSius efi epif- 

c copus Lichcfeldcnfis in ecc/ejia S. Marix • fed fofi confiruBa 
ibidem ecclefia S. Petri offa ejus eo tranjlata. 

S. Wilfridus 3. arch. Ebor. Frimo faBus fuit ab Alchfrido, 
. rege Bcrniciorumy epjfcopus HanguftaJdenlis^ pojiea ab Ofwio 
' faBus archiepifcopusEhoT. 

Wilfridus exu/abat inperio Ecfridir^^^. 

■ Vf iMxidMs faBus epifcopus Selefienfis. 

Wilfridus rurfus faBus epijcopus Haguftaldcnfis, vixit in 
epifcop* annis 45. 

Bofa 4. epijcopus Ebor. rexit epifcopatum lo- annis ^ ^prin^ 
€tpio regni defunBus Ebor. fepu It us eft, 

S. Joannes quintus de gente Anglorum natalibus nobilu. 

Joannes bonis artibus inJlruBus in monafier, de Strenefhaul. 
Fojiea Joan, heremiticam vitam duxit in locofuper ripam. 

IfabeU Tercy weddy d to Gilbert de ABon. i FoL €$1 ti 

Henry the 6. had 1. Wivs, Mary Dowghtar to therlc of 
l^ancafiar. The 2. was the Lady Jjucy. She dyed wicheowc 
Yffwe. 

^£1177 had Henry the 7. Thomas Fere) and Rafe. 



m Andre MS. /» An fui ? y Archiepifcopus MS, 7 Fun* 
datus MS. • Fu&us MS. ? ^'^ ^^ ^ mifiakefor ^7. The 
fame mifiake follows afterwards. At firfi I fu^eBed a great 
deal 90$ wanting. But al being written by Mr, StoweV own 
Hand on the Top of feme Leaves for a confiderable way to- 
gether {fp^ifying^ I fuppofe^ that notwithftandivg the Numbers 
do not foUow in order ^ the Book is intire) I have fince changed 
my mind. 

Henry 



x^ LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

■ Hetnj the 7. dyed at the Batell of Shrewsbyry before his 
Father. He was the 14 Lorde. 

Henry the 7. had to Wife Elifrhethe^ Dowghtar to the Eric 
of Marche, 

They had Hfnry the 8. and Elffriethe weddyd to the Lorde 
Clifford. 

Henry the 8. the ^. Erie of Northumbarland maried Elum^r 
Dowghtar to the Erie of Wefimerland. 

They had Henry the ix. the 3. Erie. ThomM Fercy Lord 
Egremount. 

GuL Fercy Bysftiope of Carllle. Ser Richard Fercy. Gewge 
Vercy^ Katerin Percy that maried Edmund Lord Gray of Ru^ 
then. S'Jr Rafe Percy Knight, John Percy buried at fflUtiy. 
John Percy dyed yonge. jinne Percy. Henry Percy died yong. 
Ser John Percy Knight. 

Out of m Petigre of the Lord Scrop. 

Lord Richard Scrofe^ Builder of Bolton Caftell, was fett 
with the Lord Sfenja/s Doughtar his Wyfe. 

Guliam Sunn to Richard and Erie of Ivi/Jhire that was be- 
hedid by Henry the 4. was fet withe his Wyfe, Lady of the 
Ifle of Man. 

Roger us Scrop was fet next with his Wife Dowghter to the 
hordTifetote. 

The Lord Tipetot that was in Edwarde the 4. Dayes had 
fuche Lands as were left only to the Heire Mais of the auiv 
cienter Lorde Tipetote^ that was in Edward the therd's Dayes 
and Richard the fecond. 

Then was fet Richard Scrope 2* and his Wife, Dowghtar to 
the Erie of Weftmerland. 

Then was Henricus x. fet with his Wife, Dowghtar to the 
Lorde Scrofe of Maiifham. 
Fol. ^/. b. Then was fet John Scrope^ Knight of the Gartar, and his 
Wyfe, Dowghtar to the Lord Fitzhughe. 

Then was let Heitry Scrope the 5. and his Wiffe, Dowghtar 
to the Erie of Northumbarland. 

Then was fet Henry Scrope the 4. and his Wyflfe, Dowgfi- 
tar to the Lord Scrope of Upjhatt^ and his lecond Wyfe, 
Dowghtar to the Lorde of Dacre and Grayfioke. This Henry 
had no Yffwe by his firft Wyfe ; but he had the Lord &nff 
that is now by his fecond Wyfe. 

And this Scrope hathe fom by the Erie of m Corlerlantt 
Dowghtar. 



n Sic. 

The 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 17 

The trewthe is that Richard Lord Screpe bowght of the 
xKynge the 3* Dowghtars and Heyres of the Lorde Hftotey 
wnereof the eldeft ^as maricd to Roger his a. Sonne. The 
a. Dowghtar was maried to Wtttiam his eldelj Sonn, aftar 
JErle of VTtlfcherej by whom fhe had no Yffwe. and aftar was 
maried to Wentworthe^ by whome fhe had Ifliie, and that 
Parte of Land the Lord Wentwarthe hathe now. Stefhan the 
3. Sonn oi Richard Scrofe maried the yongeft Dowghtar, and 
.the YlTwe of this Scrofe remaynethe yet. 

Come Caftell in the Diecefe of Wlceter. 

Ther be y. Wapentaks in Richemantfbire^ and the hole/fwfc#*' 
Contery ofRtchemomt in difcribinge oiTorkeJbrre is countid*^'^'^''*'^ 
r in the Northe-Rydynge, 

BjsJhofS'Dale lyethe joyninge to the Qujirtcrs of Craven. 

Vre cummith tnrughe tVencedale adjoininge to Bis/bops^ 
Dale. 

The Hed of Ure in a Mofle about a Myle above Coteren 
Hill is about a 14. Miles above MidUham muche Weftward. 

The uppar Parte of Wencedale is Foreft of redd Dere, 
longgynge to the Kvnge. 

All the Toppe of Coteme Hille, and fomewhat farthar is 
in Richemondjhire. And at the utter Parte of the Hill, or 
thereabout, is a Bek cawUed HeU-GiUe^ becaufe it rennithe 
in fucbe a deadclv Place. This G/Z? commithe to Vre^ and Fol.^<««J 
is Divider of Riciemont and Weftmerland^Shtres. 

There is no very notable Bridge on Vre above Wencelava 
Bridge, a Mile above Msdleham and more. 

Batnbrldge is above Wencelan Bridge. Aiskar Bridge above 
it, where lire Ryver faullethc very cfepc betwixt a. fcarry 
Rokks. 

There be a greate Numbar of Hopes, or fmall Broks, that 
cum into eche Syde of Ure out of the Kokky Mountayns or 
evar it cum to MidUham* 

The Bridge over Ure by AEdleham is but of Tymbar. 

About a Mile benethe Gervalx Abbay is a great old Bridge 
of Stone on Ure^ cauUyd Kikram Bridge. Then almofte 4. 
Miles to Mafcham Bridge of Tvmbar a litle bynetheiU^i^^mr, 
and vi. Miles lower Kerthhridge at the hether End ofRifon. 
it is of vii. Arches of Stone. And a Qwartar of a Myle, or 
lefTe, lower Humke Bridge of 3. Arches. SkeBe cummithe in 
betwixt thes 2. Bridges. 

Swadale lyithe bv yond Wencedakj and out of the Hills 
Rokks on eche Sycie cum many Broks into SwaU Ryver. 

There is a fair Bridge on Swale 2,1 Gromt&n a 3. Miles above 
Richemotmf ; then Richemonnt Bridge, and ;. Miles lower 
Keterike Bridge of 4. Arches of Stpne ^ then j.Mile to Morton 

Vol.8. C Bridge 



\ 



18 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Bridge of Wood ; then c. Miles to Skhon Bridge of Wod ; 
then 3. Miles to Topdif Bridge of Wood, and a 3. Mils to 
Ttorum Bride; of Stone, and • • • Miles to Mltan^ where- 
about it eoitne into Vre. 

There be 4. or y . Parks about MsMeham^ and longing to it, 
whereof fom be reafonably wooddyd. 

There is meatly good Wood about Ure Vaulx Abbay. 

Bolfn Village and Caftell is 4.Miles from Midlebsm. The 
Caftell ftandithe on a Roke Svde ; and all the fubftaunce of 
the Lodgyngs #1 in'' it be includyd in 4. principall To^^g'es. 
Yt was an i?. Yeres in buildynse, and the Expends of every 
Yere came to looo. Marks. It was finichid or Kynge JR#- 
chard the a. dyed. 
PoLitf.b. One thinge I muche notyd in the Haulle of Bolten^ how 
Chimenevs were conveyed by Tunuells made on the Syds of 
the Wauls bytwixt the Lights in the HauII : and by this 
meanes, and by no Covers, is the Smoke of the Harthe in 
the Hawle wonder ftrangly convayed. 

Moftepartc of theTymber that was occupied in buyldynge 
of this Caftell was fete out of the Foreft of Engleiy^n Ckw 
^erlMnd^ and Kscbard Lord Scrope for Conveyaunce of it had 
layde by the way dy vers Drawghts of Oxen to ctiy it from 
Place to Place till it cam to Bolton. 

There is a very fayre Cloke at Bolton am motn fills & 
Luna^ and othar Conclufyons. 

Ther is a Parke waullyd withe Stone at Bolton. 

Ther is a Hille withe a Leade Mine i.Miles beyondB^/frnv. 

Ther be fome Vaynes of Coles found in the upper Pane 
of the Weft Montames of Bichemontjhhrej but they be noc 
ulyd for Incomoditie of Cariage to the lower Parte. • 

Mofte of the Coale that be occupied about the Quarrars 
of Ricbemount Toune be fetched from Rnjle Pitts toward the 
Quartars of ^^Aijim/. 

fhe Vaynes of the Se Coles ly fometyme open apon dives 
of the Se, as round about Coket Ifland and othar Shores ; and 
they, as fome will, be properly cauUyd Se Coale ; but tbejr 
be noc fo good as the Coles that are diggyd in the inner 
Parte of the Lande. 

The Vayne of Coales fomtyme lyethe as a Yarde depc of 
the Subftaunce of the Coale. Sometyme the Vayne it tSfc is 
anEle inDepthe. fomtyme the holeHeidie otaMao, and 
that is a principall Vayne. 

The crafte is to cum to it with lefte Paine in depe digg- 



ioge. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 19 

f injge. Some Vaynes of Coales be under Rokks and Heades 
u. ot Scones : as fome fuppofe that Coales ly undar the very 
I Rokks that the Minftar Clofe of Durefme ftandithe on, 

I redde in a Booke at my Lord Scrofs that LucVj Fitz* 
I Gualtar^ Haverhgtom and Multon were Heires to tne Lord 

Mgremonfs Lands. 
i And I red in the fame Booke the Claymes of Rights of Pri- '•^ ^7« •• 
, vilegis that Joannes de Britannia Earle of Richemont required 
bothe for his Shire and Towne of Rhhemount^ as in mak- 
ynge of Writts at his Courts, and Liberties of his Burjge 
withe X. Faires in the Yere at it, and Gayle by bymfelfc for 
his Shire. 

And befyde Pre Warren }n his Grounds and Foreft Ground 
in Wencedale with dyvers othar. 

I rede in the fame Boke that Joannes de Brit an : .Erie of 
lUchemont withe Beatrix his Wire dyd compadl withe the 
Prior oi Eglejion t\\zt vi. Chanons fliuld fynge and be perpe- 
tually refydent in the Caftle of Rtchemount, 

Baronia de Gzanx. fartlta inter Rogerum de Kerdefton, ^ 
««Julianam de Gaunt, ^ Petrum de Manley, hcredes GiJberti 
de Gaunt, Tatet recorda de anno 19. Edwardi i. 

/8 Anaftafia uxor Radulphi Fitzrandol. Robertus Tateflial 
Domlnus Baronia de Tateflial In Lincolnfliire. 

Part of the Lands of Great Bade/efmer of Kent cam to the 
Lord Scrofe by Mariage. 

Genealogia comitum Rlchemont. nichmtnt 

EudOj comes Britanmae ante conquefium^fiUus Galfridi duels ^ ^'^^•« 
genuit 3. fillos fuccejjive pofi eum frJpdentes Brican. Alanum, 
y dlBum Rufum vel Fregaunt , qui venlt In Angliam cum 
Gul. Baftard. 

Gul. Baftard auxilio Matildis reglnafua dedlt Alano hono" 
rem ^ f comltatum comltis Edwini in Eborafliiria, qui i inde 
^iwcatus Richemont. 

Hie Alanus incefit facere cafirum & ^ munltJommjuxta ma- 
nerium fuum de Gillinge fro tultlone fuorum contra Anglos ex- 
ieredatcs & Danos ; & nominavlt dtSum cafirum n f atria lin- 
gua Richemount, /. f. montem divitem. Hie ohllt fine exitu 
corporis fuif ^fefultus eft apudS. Edmundum. 

Alanus niger ejus fraterfucceffit ei in honorem Richemont, 

eujus guiemat. an. 16* fuiaam miles Acharias, ftlius Bardolfi, 

fuTtdavit monafter. apudxfors /» Wendeflay Dale, quodpoftea 

• ^ 

m Juliana MS. fi Annaftaftia MS. y Dutum MS. i^ Co- 
* mitatem MS. • In MS. Z Munitiofte MS, n Patia MS. 

C X tranjlatum 



to LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

trawJUtum efi ad Witton fer Scephanum « comHem^ c^ v6e^ 
Ar^arr JorvaUs. Hie Alanus fi niger oUitfne lihris. Stepha- 
nas ejus JTAter fuccejjh ei. y Stephanas genuit fiium immme 
Pol. 67. f>. Alanum, & Mit aimo Dom, 1x^4. Sepultiis fuit afud Beger. 
11^4. Cor ejus fefultum eft m monafter. S. Manx t juxta Ebor. fu^d 
ipfe frlus conftruxerat & amflijf. fojfejf. § dousiverat sstno 
1088. Dam.ioti. 

Alanus £5»/ Scephani otiit in Britann. 3. April, anm 
1166. J>om, ii6t. 

Conznus fillus Alani comstir Britann. & Richemont camtk 
fuccejjfu Hie accefit in uxorem Margaretam Gul. regis Scotix 
fliam^ ex qua genuit Con&znxizm^ quamG^ibtAMsJrMterTki'- 
chardi i. regis Angl. accefit in uxorem. Hie Conanus dMft* 
eavit turrim magnam in caftro Richemont. OUit in Britann. 
XX 70. ^ fepultus eft afud Begar anno Dom. i X70. 

Conftantia /i//ii Couani ex Galfredo rf««/V Arthurum, fum 
Joannes rex Angl. ceeidi fecit. Con^zntiz foftea nuffttBA- 
nulpho comisi , i quo divartiata eft propter adulterium , & 
poftea nupftt ? Guidoni Tearcho, & ex eo genuit jUiam «^- 
mine % Adfeliciam, qua poft mortem par entum remanftt in rir- 
ftodia regis Fraunciar ; & poftea nupm Dom. Petro M anclerk 
militifuo ^ cum Britannia. Obiit in Britznn. fepnba apud Begar 
anno Dom. laoi* 

AdcViciz oiiit in Britann. &'fepulta eft apud Plonarmel 
anno Dom, iiax. 

Joannes, ftlius Adelicix, otiit in Britan. anno Dom. 11x4. 
Kunquamfutt comes. 

Joannes, filius Joannis, comes Richemont de^onfavH Bea« 
trictm filiam Henrici « regis ^ ex qua genuit Arthurum^Petrum 
& Joannem. Occifus fuit Lugduni in eoronat. Clemcntii 
» pontif. Ro. anno Dom. 1305:- ihidemque fepultus eft. Ar- 
thurus dux Britan. fed non comes Richemont, fUim Beatricif 
ohiit in Britan. & fepultus eft apudFlomrmcl anno Dom. 131X. 

Johannes, fiater a Arthari comitisj oiiit in BTitaui.fepnHus 
apudV^nes anno Dom. 1 330. 

Joannes, fiius Arthuri eomitis^ oUit in Britann. fefnbm 
Pionarmef anno Dom. 1 341 • 



m Comite, Sc vocatur AtS. $ Nigre MS. y Stq)heiM| 
MS. ^ Juxte MS. f Donavit MS. ( Guidoni vieeeonM 
Thoarenn, five de Thouars, Camd. Britan. p. S96. Edit. oft. 
Loud, MDCViii.fol. Vide quoque Dugdi\jium de Baron. VoLL 
p. 49. a. « Adelicia, quern MS. 0- Sic. < Reges MS* 
n Pontef. MS* A Arthurus comes MS* 



Sepulchra 



LELAND'S ITINERARY* ai 

Sepulcbra nobilium in ecclef. de lUfon. 
In hreali parte infula m tranjm?. 

Two Tombcs withe Ymagis of the Markenfelds and theyr 
Wyves. And a Tumbe of one of the Malmrtes in the Southe foL^. a. 
Farce of the Crofle in a Chapell : and without, as I herd, 
lyethe dyvers of them undar nate Stones. 

On the Nortbe Sjde of the §luiere. 

Ranulphus Picot otiit anno Dom. ifog. lyo?. 

S, Wilfridi reltquiafuh arcu frofe mag. altare fefultSy nvper 
iS fvhlata. 

There be v. fayre Arches in the Syde Ifles of the Body of 
the Churche. 

The Body felfe of the Churche is very wyde, and was a 
late new buildyd, efpecially by one Pre- 
bendary of the fame Churche. Sence I hard fay he was but 
Paymaftar of the Works. 

In the Crofle Ifle on eche part be i. or 3. Arches. 

Infcriptio : in novo muro Capellac S. MarU y RiftonL 

S, Cuthebertus ^epifcoptu'LmihhTnenris hie fist monachus. 

S. Eata archiepifcopus £bor. htcfutt monaehus. 

S. Wilfridus archiepifcopus Ebor. hie fust monachus & 
I. abhas. 

S. Willebrordus arehiepifcopits Walretenfis htcfiit monachus. 

Nid Ryvcr rifethe muche by Weflj. Miles above Pate/ey sid R/vct, 
Bridge or Wood, a litle a this fyde a (Jhapell caullyd JMidle^ 
more^ and as I ceuld leame it is in the Paroche of Kirkety 
JMahfartn 

From Fatley Bridge and Village, a Member of Ripon Pa- 
rochej^ to Newbridge of Tymber j. Miles. Thens to Kitttng-* 
hal Bridge of one great Arche of Stone ^.Miles, and j.Miles 
to Onaresbrughi^ were firft is the Weft Bridge of 3. Arched 
of Stone, and tnen a litle lower Marche Bridge of 3. Arches. 
Bothe thes Bridges ferve the Towne of Knaresborow. Gribo" 
lolbridge is aboute a Mile benethe Marche Bridge, and is of 
one very greate Bridge for one Bo we. Then to IVafheford 
Bridge a 4. Miles. It is of a 4. Arches. Then to CataBe 
Bridge^ of Tymebar a 2. Miles, toSkipbridge of Tymbar and 
a great Caufly. The laft and loweft Bridge on Nidde is this 
SktpMdg. 

This Cawfey by Sklpbridge towards Torke bathe a 19. fmall foI. (,U h. 



F. tran&pti ^ Sublata JU;^* r Sic. A Epifcopis MS. 

Bridges 



M LELAND'S ITINERA Rr. 

Bridges on ic for avoydinge and over pai^nge Cum an* 
ming out of the Mores thereby. One RMt^ thsi -s-£s rwri 
Alaior of T&rkf^ made this Cawfey, and a nnrhiiT vrku: 
one of the Suburbs of Yfirke. This Biskttwrme hp^e i j> 
Icinnc M\t in the Minftar of Tnke , and a Ci-nrar: ir 

'J 'his BUkeburne had very onthrifty Children ; wiercrre 
he nude at Ti^rlf 4. Cantuanes at Alkowem in die Xa±£ 
St rote, and as many at Alhalow in the « TS^ArrjMv. 

The Hod of Covir is muche by Weft a 6. MJ« abcrs 
Cavtrkam Priorio, and a very lirle above this PriMTCC^cr 
C'.>ivr is a Bridge, and thcns fcant a- Miles ir goiihc :br:- 
wh.it bcncthe MldUkam Bridge into Ure. 

Thor is no notable thinge to fpeke of from the Hesioc 
Cover to Coverham Priorie. 

Bovprne rilcthc at a Place by Weft in the Weft Hiils 
caullid Mcr.* Heade^ and then goiihe into Vre a lirle benethc 
M.\lfcnkam Bridge and Townc on Ute. 

Agaync the Mouthe of this on the othar iyde of r#rr Rj- 
vcr lycthc Afdehurg Village. 

Aml^ a Mile farthir by Eft liethe Thorpe^ one o? MaSar 
Dafihy\ Howfcs. Howbeic he hathe one tnat he more a- 
ciipieihc at Farnbey a i. Miles from Leeds. 

There be i. Lordfhipps lyenge not very far from Rifm^ 
that is Norton Conyers and Hutton Coniers. Kort9m ba:hc 
NorthetOH Corners^ and Malory hathe Huttem CoMuers. Tbci 
Lands cam to theyr Auncicers by two Dowghtars, Heirs 
Gcnerall of that Conicrr. 

Mdlory hathe an othar Place caullyd Wgbf Stwdly a lirle 
from Fontaines. There be 3. Studeleys togerhar : l£^^, 
Midli and Love. 

Flosfston oSFlomton a Mile from Gnaresbyrgbe, 

This Flomton hathe by the Heire General a good Parte 
of the Babtborps Lands : but Bakkorfe the Lawyer kepiche 
Bskborfe felfe. that is, asl rcmembar, in Holdermjfe. 
*fr •• MMfkenpde clwellith at Markenfelde^ and his Maaar Place 
berithe his Name. 

Wi^\Ue dwellithe a litle above Malfcbam on the farther Ripe 
of Wv. ^ 

The Lorde LoveBe had a Caftelle at KiBerby within a Quar- 
tar of a Mile of the Ripe citerioris of Swa!e a Mylc benctfae 
Keterike Bridge. 

There appcre gret Ruiac?. 



« if. 

Mafiar 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. i% 

Maftar Metecalfe hierithe the Lordelhipe of the Kinge. 
Som fay that ther cam Watar by Condutftus into the Topps 
of fom of the Towres. 

There was a Howfe at Barwite ordinis S. Trinitatis ; but 
Antony Beke^ Bysfliope of Durefme^ deftroyid it, and then 
one William Wakefilde Maftar of the Howfe in Barwike at the 
defacinge of it cam to New CafieUe^ and by the Aide of GuL 
AEion and 'Laurence ABon Bretherne, bothe Marchaunts of 
New Cafiett^ buildid within the Towne of New CafteU a 
Howfe of the Religion S. Trinitatky where IVakrfe Id by m{cl£ 
was firft Mafter. 

There cum diverfe fmaul Broks r/fa ulter. into Weland or 
cvar it rennithe by Rikingham. 

Litle Eye cummith into Weland halfe a Mile benethe 
'Rokingham Bridff ri^a ultersori^ and this Broke is limes be- 
twixt Leinefterfiire and Ruthelandjhire. 

Wrete or Wrek cummithe into WelandhzXk a Myle benethe 
Colywefion Bridge rifa fuperiori. There is a Bridge archid 
with Srone at Ketton a Mile above the Place where it en- 
terith into Weland. 

Wajhe cummethe from a litle above Okam in Buthelandj 
and thens a 8. Mile to Byry Cafterton^ where is a Bridge of 
3. Arches, and then a Mile, or more, to Newfiede Bridge, 
and fone after into Weland, 

Bridges on Weland Ry ver bynethe Roiinrkam Bridge. Colt" 
jpefion^ Stanford^ Uffinpou, Wefidifinge^ Efideflng^ Croiland. 

Thyngs leamyd of a Man of Weftmerland. 

There is a greate Broke caulled Owfe Watery in Wejlmer- 
land. The Hede of this Watar lyethe about a Myle by Weft 
from the Hedde of Loder^ that cummethe by Sharp Priory e. 
The Place where it rifetne is caullyd Mardale. Firft it ren- 
nith aboute halfe a Mile in a narow Botom, and thcnjlagnefdtj p^i, s^. h. 
makinge a Poole of a i. Mils in Lenght, and then it cum- 
mithe again in alveum^ and fo renninge halfe a Mile, it goithe 
by Bdmptdn Village ftrait into Loder, 

Bampton is 3, Mils lower then Shap. 

The Poole cummith agayne to a narow Botom, and be- 
twixt the lower End of the Poole and the Mouthe of Ofe into 
Loder is a Bridge of Scone. 

On Loder be no more Bridges of Stone but Sbap Bridge 
a this Syde Browgkam^ 

Ther be about halfe a Mile lower then Brougham on the 
Weft Ripe of Ajmate Ryver hard by the Ripe certeyne 
Caves withein a Rokke, as Haul Chaumbers and othar ne- 
cefary Romes. 

The 



H LELAND'S ITIKERART. 

The Ciftcll of VtniMM is bjr L_ 
ami thcr rhe Kyver iiaMirche bet' 
WflmarUnd, 

rendragon is not far diiUunc from die very Hei 
Thcr Uanditbc yet muche of this Caftrll, 

GentlmiM cfNsmi m We&mcd^ad. 

Itf way Oft Watlyngeftrece^Mv Borow Bridge to C^rSL 
UTittiffyttf^eftret f\ycthe about a Myle of from Gcbp and 
;. Miim from Richomouwi. 

Vwm R#r#v BriJf to Caterike 16. Miles, zii* to tm^ 
a pore Village, andvi. to Cdtitike. Thens z. good Miks 
10 GrHry^ chen v. Miles to B&»es^ a very exceainge peace 
*rhoi owtthe Fayre. and viii. Myle to Bitrgh on Stsme Mmt^ 
m ami v. To to Affloiy about a 4. Miles, and ▼. to Bromtm 
where thcStrctc cummithe thrugheff%'»^& Parke, and onr 
the llridgR on Eim$$e znd L$def^ and levinee FerHbe a Qur- 
tai of a Mile or more on the Weft Syde of it goidie to 
VaWhfB xvii. MileH from Brougham. 
M. r««.i. '^^^ TtMinc of Broughsm is now very bare, tod veiy ill 
Iniylilyd. Yt hat he bene fome very notable tnioge. 
rC)f«/#« Ryvcr rcnnythe within a Quartar of a Myle of 

Naydm Caftell. where now is nothinge but an Hille diked, 
U hmde on the l\ft Sydc of Wkthelynge Strete, y. Miles a this 
iSyile growth* 

H^rf kW^i^ and Tk^mm ThMaud^ Maiors of JNMnf* 
kam^ ami ricnc Marchaunts, buryed in S. MMri^% Qiurche. 

'Ilicre were vi. or vii. Gates in the Towne WauUe, now 
all he «lownc fave s. 

S. ^okm \ lofpitan almofte downe without the Towne. 

The Gray and White Friers. 

As far as I can lerne the chefeft Howfe of the Cbmmi^f 
that they had in EwglawJvris at Owier/ey in Wil^ire. 

Syns I red that the Name was Cs9, and of Berkeley Cm- 
kerkt^y. ^ 

("kimhis had fay re Poccdions in Gapeyne^ and of them he 
had Paiment owt of the Kyng*s Eskeker. 



m Sic. 

Ther 



U 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. ay 

Ther were dyvars Knyghts of Fame of the that/nJos afore 
the ryme of hym that was in Edward the 3. Dayes a Noble 
Warriour. This Chandois dyed witheout iflwe, and left his 
twoSyftarsHeires, whereof one was maricd to ^r/Wg;y, and 
the othar to Tele. 

Bridges had Cowberle and othar Lands to the Some of 300. 
Marks by the Yere. 

foole had Rodburne withein 4. Myles of Dariy^ and othar 
jco. Marks of Land by Yere. 

Chaundois in his old Writyngs namithe hymfelfe vice'^ 
comitem S. Sahatoris. 

Chaundois had Lands in or about Herfordjbtre. And he was 
Foundar, as I remembar, of Qolddyve Priory e in WaUes^ and 
here, as I tbinke, was his firft and chefe Howfe. 

The olde Howie oiRodlmme is no greate thinge^ but the 
lafte Chaundois began in the fame Lordfliipe a mighty large 
Howfe of Stone withe a wonderfull Coft, as it yet aperitne 
by Foundations oF a Man's Height ftandinee yet as ne left 
them. He had thowght to have made of his olde Place a 
CoUedffe. 

The Earle of Rutheland in fum old Writyngs is cawlyd Pol. 70. k 
Lorde Tlvr^irr. 

ChiPt of an oldBoke that the Erles tf/Ruthland hathe. 

In the Yere of owr Lorde 734. jilfredus tertius Merc* rex u^Und 
in the <• Yere of his Reigne cam to the ftronge Caftell of d"nki«Iie 
Alhanac nere Grantham^ and there defyryd to have for Wyfe l? '^ ** 
one of the 3. Dowghtars of Guliam de j^anac^ wherapoa * ^^ 
GuL defired him to tary all Night at his Caftle, and in the 
Morninge GuL brought his eldift Dowghtar namyd Adeline 
ftarke naked in the one Hand, and a Swerde draune in the 
othar. His Wyflfe led the a. caullyd Etheldred, Guliam^ Sone 
to WiUiam^ led in one Hand the 3. Dowghtar caullid Maudt^ 
and a Swerde in the othar. 

Guliam the Father then faid to the Kynge Alfrid : Sir^ 
heire he my 3, Daughters^ chefe to Wyfe whiche ye lijle '^ hut 
rather then ye Jbuld have any of them to your Concubine t 
wold fle her with my owne Hands. The Kynge anfwerid 
that he ment to take one of them to Wife, and chofe EtheU 
drede that had fat Bottoks, and of her he had Alurede that 
wan firft all the Saxons the monarchy oi England. 



m Sic. 
Vol. 8. D S^ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Ex mtt$fu0 C^Jice mmsfieril de Bello vifo. 

Robertus de Totemeio, fundstvr mauMfierii de Beauvouv 
JMcet in C4fltule. 

Et JmxU €um Gul. de Albeneio i. fcHicet Brito, in fsrti 

Item in veteri iccl. snte emcem jacet Gul. de Albeneio i. 
fct/icet Mechines. Et juxta eum Adeliza uxinr m ejm in fmie 
mufirali. Et a. ux9r ejm Cecilia jacet fut muro veteris ecciefi 
Gul. de Albeneio 3. jacet afydUovixm locum, & c#r tjmfit 
mttr§ contra fimmmn altare de Sever in forte fi icreali. 

Gul. 4. jacet ante fummum altare de Sever ^ ^ cer ejnt 
api/d Croxton. 

Odoneilus de Albeneio jacet in y ecctdentaU parte capitnB, 

Et juxta eum jacet Matildis de Unframville, mater ejm. 

Etjuxta t earn jacet Albreda Bifeth uxor GuL 4. 

Rooertus de Ros jacet afud Kirkham. vifcera autem ejm 
ante fummum altare de Bevtr juxta corpus Gul. 4. de Albeneio, 
ex parte aufr. fui eUit 16. die KaL Junii anno Dom. iiSf. 

LTabella, uxor Roberti de Ros^ jacet apud Novum locum 
juxta Staunford, otiit^ue anno Dom. • i}02. 

It. Gul. de Ros, filtus ejus^ jacet ^«r/ Kirkham. 

Bem Matildis Vaus, uxor dsSi Gul. jacet afud Pentenqr^ & 
vifcera ejus in capetta S. Marise, fcilicet in partete. 

Matildis, irx^ Jacobi Domint de Ros^ jacet in pariete imtef 
CapeB. A. MzriTi & presUterium. 

Amno Domini i^. nata frit Margareta, filia Thomae do* 
minideKos^ apud ISiikeney i. ^bVJuI. 

j^msoDom. 1417. natus Juit Thom^^ primogemtus Thoms 
domini de Ros, apud caftrum de Cunnesborow. 

Amso Dom. 1419. natus Ricbardus, fUim Thomas demui de 
R0S3 apud eafirum de Belvero. 

Xcjupra fcriptum Henricus de Albeneio. 

Robertus die Totemeio, fundaterTrioratus de Belvar, iiiSf 
a. Nenas Augufti. 

Petrus de Valloniis, fundator eccU de Byham, oKit 13, CJL 
Aprilis. 

Frioratus de Belvero ceUa monafler. S. Albani. 
Infcript. tumuli in eccle. S. Fault : 
De Bello-camDo jacet hie fui matmere Simon 
funaator de Newenham {• 



m Bills in parte aultraly MS. $ Borialis MS. y Occi« 
denti MS. e Eum Monafi. Angl. Tom. I. p. 3x8. b. 14. 
1 301. Mon. AngU he. cit, i Fidefs Vol. l.joL ii6. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 4J 

The Prebendaries ofSJ^Mks at Btdgfordhzd cheyrHowfys 
round about circuice of S* Faul^% Cburche. 

There remayne yet in B^ef9rde Howfes of Prebends now 
longynge to JLjncolne Churcbe. 

Roijia^ Wyfe to Ta^amts de BeUe^ampo^ and Mothar to 
Sknon , convertyd the Chancos Irregular of Bedford into 
Chanons Regular. 

^fmm de BeBo-camp^ tranflatyd them to Newniam. F0I.71. b. 

ragamns de Beth^camf^ had the Barc»iy of BeJ^crd gyvea 
to hyno aftar the Conqueft. 

Bothe the Hofeitalls in Bedford were of the Towns Men 
Foundations. Tney of late Dayes, for brineinge they r Fee- 
Ferme frome xL.Poond toao.Pouad^ gave the Title and Pa- 
tronage of one of them to Ser BeynaUBrin. 

Roifia was Founderes of Chikfamd in Bedford/hire^ and there 
was fhe buried in the Chapter Howfe. 

CawdeveBVnoTY^ a litle without B^v^i/^ was of the Foun- 
dation of the Beaitchamfs. 

The Baro&y of Bedferde wasdevided at the laft emongs 3. 
Dowg^tars ok the lz& Btsitebsitmf. 

MnMray had the eldefl. 

The Lord Latimer bought the Lands of the a. 

The third was maried to o&e Straunge. 

Strmmgis Parte cam to %. Dowghtars. Fijcot maried the 
one, and P^/^/the othar. APece of Tat^uPs Parte is 
come to S. John. 

Fol. ^%. vacat. 
In navi ecclefiae Witrwiif. Fol.73.a. 

Johannes RouTe « csftU. immmmr. de Gibclif. qui fufer fw^ 

vis. Oiiit 14L die meteps januarii amne Dom. I49i. 149^* 

This B»wje was of the Howfe of the Roup of Rag/ey by 
beefier J as it is fuppofed. 

He bearethe 9^ Crouns in his Armes. 

UWamBmJwetej Dene oSWrntwike^ and one of the Exe- 
cutors of the Tcftament of Erie Rkhard Bechmmy that faw 
the new Buyldynce of the Ccdlege, and the Buyldynge of 
owr Lady C^peff fini{hid, that were begon in Richard Eric 
of Wimpykevme. 

Johannes Tunftall, miles. 

In auftrali infula navis eccl. 

Power srmiger. 



« Several Mmgs here tote mlmoft the [(me vith whst was fut^ 
lijb'd in Vol. IV. fart 11. foL 16^ a. 

D 2 Hungfordi 



rjLf LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Hungfordi ?. avus^ frnttfyjiiius^ m Heires of Edmmuts' 
Cote halfe Mile or more by Efte out of the Towne. 

Bewf0 an Efquier, to whom parte of Hi^§rd'5 Lands de- 
fccndyd. 

In tranfepto eccl. 

Thomas de Bello-campo, coma Warwike, • 

'*•'•• Gul. Peito fi dominus de Chelterton & ejus uxor. 

Richard Erie of Warwike lay wher Aleftre^ Deane of Wir- 
wike^ lyethe at the Weft Ende of the Lady Chaple without. 

Hafelp^ Schole-Maftar to Henry the 7. and Deane of I#4r- 
wjke. He tranflatid Erie Rtebardj and he lyeth Cher alfo 
buryed. 

Tn 9wr Lady CbafeB. 

One of the Lorde Latimers at the Weft End of it without 
Stone, or Writynge. Kylled at a Feld ; fome fay Egcote by 
Bamierye, 

y Epitaphium Richardi comitis Warw/ke. 

Fray devoutlj for the Sowle whom God affeyle^ of ono of tho 
moafte vorJhiffuU Kuygbts in bis Dayes ofManboi mU Comwme^ 
Richard Beauchampe, late Erie •^Warwike, Ii^r^ Difpenier 
of Bergeveny, and of many othar great Lorifbifs^ whos Body 
refiithe here under this Tomhe in a futtfayre Vauke of Stone^ 
fet in the hare Rocke : the whiche vijyted^mtb longe Syckmes i^ 
the Cafile (^Rohan therin deceafyd full chripiamly the lafi Day 
^439- ^/Aprile in the Tere ofowr Lord God a 14^9. be totmgo a$ 
that tyme Livetenaunt Gencrall of Fr^unce^ and of the Ducbyo 
FoL 7 J. b. j/'Normandve,^ fuffcient Au&oritie ofowr Sovereigne Kynge 
Henry the 6. l%e whiche Body with freat Delikeration mU 
worfh'tpfuU Conduce by Sea and by Land was browtbi to War- 
wyke the fowrthe tf/Odobar the Tere abovefaydo^ and was 
leyde with fuU folemfne Exetfuies in a fayre Cbefi male tf 
Stone in the Weft Dore of thts Chapett^ aecordynge to bis laf 
fVySe and Tejlament^ therin to reft tytt this CbapoU iy bym 
devifid in hts Lyfe wer made. ^ Alfo the vbicbe Cbafet 
foundyd on the Rocke ^ and all the Members ther of bis Execu^ 
tors dyd fully make and apfarail by the AuBborytii of bit 
fayde la ft WiUand Teftament ; and thereaftar by the faydi Aa^ 
toritie they dyd tranjlate worJkipfuUye the fiyd Body into tbo 
Vault above Jayde. Honoryd be God therefore. 

Owt of the Glafe IVyndowes in owr Lady ChappeU. 
Elifabethe^ Dowghtar and Heyre to Thomas Lord Berkley 

r 

m Loeles MS. fi Obus MS, y Epitaphie Richardy MS, 
» L. alK ^ 



LELAND'S itinerary: ij 

'H deltLCy 6r&Wy{e to RichardBea»ehamf^E^Tleo{lfarwyie. 
This Woman had by hym 3. Dowghtars : 

Margaret that was maried to Jobn Earle of Shrewstery^ 
caivUed Lord Taliot and Furneval. 

Alienor the i. maried to Edmond Beauforte and of Somerfet. 

Elifaheth the g. maried to George Nevtle Lord Latimer. 

IfaMl 2. Wyrc to Erie Richard Domina de Spencer^ de Gla^ 
morgan and Morgannok. 

Henry Duke of Warwyke^ Sonne and Heire to Rjchard and 
Jfaiell the firft Duke ofWarwyke, the whiche maried Cedle^ 
Dowghtar to Richard NevUe, Earle of Salesberie. 

Anno^ Dowghtar to Erie Richard and IfabeU^ maried to 
Richard NeviB^ Sonne and Heire to Richard Neville^ Erie of 
Saresiyry. 

In choro. 

Thomas de Bello-campo, comes Warwike, pater Thomae 
eomitis & avus Richardi ^ ^ uxor Thomse shidem in eodem 
tumulo. 

Catarina, frimogenita ejufdemThomx^ jacet fuh flano mar- 
more ad ejus a caput. 

Olde Erie Thomas^ Grauntfathar to Richard Erie of War^ 
wyke^w^s Cawfer that fi new Quier of the Collegiate Churche 
of owr Lady inJVarvykev/zs newly reedified by the Executors 
of his Teftament. The Manfyon of the olde Denry and Col- 
ledge ftode where the Eft Southe Eft Parte of the Churche 
Yarde is now. 

The New is of a latar Buyldynge. 

V. Prebendaries and a Deane. 

SeintJM5m> the chefePariflie Churche cdlegiatid, and no Fo].74.i; 
mo within the Towne, The Chapcll of Seint Teter over the 
Eft Gate a Prebend to Seint Marie's. 

The Chappell over the Weft Gate of y Seint a Prebend. 

A Fratermtie of Seint George^ and a litle College with 
Priefts on the Northe Syde of the Weft Gate. Sum fay that 
Riehard Becbamf was a Sfetter forward of this ; and the fame 
Earle Richard convtrtid the Hermitage of GiMif into a.Can* 
tuaries, and ere&id a new Chapell there. 

The Northe Gate atWiwi^isfaullen downe. 

The Bridge fervithe for the Southe Gate. It bathe xii. 
Arches. 

Berrford wher is a greate Stone Bridge over Avon a i. 
Myles lower. 



n Cafta MS> $ L. the new. 7 Sic. 

The 



io LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

mm^ Car The Caftell ftondethe has de by the Brkiffc of the Town; 

Ale wtt n- Id is fet on an huge luayne Rokke. The Ell Frant hnke ^ 

hfiL^ Towers. The Kepc ftondithe ia Rtuneb bjf Wefte. There be 

n cbe J*. A ;• Towers befyde in the Caftle. The Kynse now boiUidi 

Yerc of hif ftrongly on the Sourhe Syde, and there » ul the fayre Lodg- 

^r>^ ynge of the Caftle. Kynge Riihard the 9. beun % firongp 

Peace for Artelerie on the Nortbe Svde of the Gftftle. There 

be 1. goodly Scretes in Wkrwyke. The Highe Strete (wheria 

is a goodly Crofle) is Eft and Weft. The othar Screte fiom 

fkt. Nonhe to Sowthe. The Suburbe by Efte is cawled SMm 

Sfreatej and at the Ende of it was an HoTj^tall of Seine Jik, 

The Suburbe without the Bridge by Southe is cawled tbt 

Bridge Ende ; and here is a Chapdl of Seiat y^bm, that looecd 

to Seint JoMs at London. The Suburbe be Weft is cawUed 

the Wefi End. Ther is a Suburbe by Northe. In this wu a 

Mafter and Bretheme of an Hofpttall or Cdledge of Seioc 

MicbeU. Now it is muche in Ruine, and taken for a Fre 

Chapell. There is alfo in the Southe Syde of the Towne 

witheout the Walls a Parifhe Churche or Seint hRc^Us^ ao- 

nexid as a Prebend to Seint Maries. Rogerm de BelU^Mmn^y 

Earle of J^5mpiife*, tranflatyd the CoUec^e out of the Caftle 

to Seint Maries. The Blake Friers ftoode in the Suburbs of 

the Towne. Ther is a Parke hard by Wmrmlke lonsyngeto 

the Caftle. ^^ 

From IVarwike to Coventrie viii, Myles, 4. Miles to JCffr 
lyn^orthe^ and 4. to Coventrie. From Ivarwyke to U^beplde 
xxiiii. Myles by ColeJbiUe. From WMrmyke to StTMtferde upon 
.^on 7. Miles. From Warvike to Hciulej a Market Townc, 
where be Ruines of a Caftell, a vi. MyUs. From §Fsrwjke 
Fol. 74. b. to Dudley Caftle xo. Myles. 

St»m§Ki- Stowre in Warwjkejbire within a 3. Miles of Cfcfr/rriif. 
^^' Chefierton^ Peito's Maner^ a 4. Myles from IVsrwykew 

The Lordefliipe of Sudeler in Glocefierjbire longed to die 
Botelsrs that were Weftcm Men. 
S»»di0y One Rafe Boteler Lord Sudeley buylded the Caftle di&Mtf 

^*^- aboute the tyme of Henry the 6. and Edm^rd the 4. 

Butlar Lorde Sudley was emprifoned in Edmm^de the 4 
Dayes, wherupon he refignid his Caftle into the Hands of 
Kynge Edward. This Caftle cam aftar to Grffsr Duke of 
Bedforde that kept Howihold in it. 
The Hawle of Sudley Caftle glafed with rownd Beralls. 
The Tracyes hold Todtngfon Lordfliipe and othar Uancis by 
the Gyfte ot the BoteUrs. 

BovyThracy in Devo?/Jh:re longged to Ttr^fgrer of Toddyng" 
Ther wer '«», but it WAS fold to the Erie of Devonfljire. One toldfme 
%. Partes at that thc Lotdc Suddeley was Lorde of Haulej a Marke Towne 
^'i- and 



LELANIfS ITINERARY. ^t 

and Caftle in Wtmykefflrirt^ and tktt Maftar Befknape muche 
laborfd to have k reftorya unto hym as hk H^ire. 

The Lord Sudleys and Mountf9rts were taken for Foundars 
of the Blacke Friers in Oxfwdt. 

U^demk Parke nere to ffknrik by Norche, and longyngc 
to Wkrwyke CalUe. 

Grove Parke thereby, and HufiJej Patke alfo. 

Edmonds Cme Bridge of Stone about halfe a Myle above 
Warwyke on Avon. 

Bmorde Bridge of vHi. Arches ovar Avon. 

FuArMiie Parke on the Northe Syde of Bcrford^ about halfc 
a Myle of on the ryrfit Banke of Avon. Tber was in it a 
<iaftlet of Scone and mike, wherin. as 1 hard fay, fometyme 
the Dttkeof B^W/brJ^ lay ; and a litle Lodge callyd Bergemey 
Gate* ThisCaftell ftoode bremlye in ihe Sig^t diWarwjke 
Caftle, and was a Cawfe of Harte-Brinynge. 

Condon of lat« <layes rafyd rauche of it^ bringynge Parte 
to Commet0n toward ouildynge of his Howie, and fome Parte 
he gave awaye. 

Tekdwrde a Priorie of Maturm Friers Oder Seint Tri- 
nite of the Foaodation of the Lucks ^ wherein divers of them 
wer buryed. 

Mxikt daat the moafte Parte ofWkrwjktfimor^n ftondithe 
on the lefte Hond, or Banke, KiAv^n^ iis the Ryver deflend- 
ethe^ is called Atden^ and this Contrye is not fo pJentifiiU of ^^^ 7X- •■ 
Come, but of Graflfe a^ Woode. Suche Parte of Wtrrmke^ 
Jblre as lyethe by Sowthe on the lefte Hand, or Sanke, of 
' Avmi is baren ot Woode, but plentiful! of Come. 

Ther is a Priory of Nonnes 5. Myles from Warwyke. 

£x inlbriptiooibus in occidentali parte Ghctfior Churche. 

Ofricus res frimus fundatof of that Monaftary in anno Do'^ 
mini jycLxxxi. for Nuns. 



Saynt A^Ud Virgin, martired at Kinfon^ ny to Tiomteryej 
by otit Muncim a "Rraunt, who cot of hir Heade bccawfe flie 
would not confent to Ive withe hym. She was tranflatyd to 
this Monafterve, and nathe done great Miracles. 

The great Southe Yfle of Glouc^ar Churche was made by 
Oblations done at theTombe of Kynge E^fe^jrrrf the Second- 

Roger Lacye Erie of Hereford. 

Roger Lord Berkley. 

HltgodtFortu. HeHasGiffard. 

Maftar John Mn^esnt^ Chanon of Herford^ wer Monks 
of GJoMoef ST. 

Bemulf^ Kynge of Merche^ bringethe inSeculer Chanons 
^md Clerks, gyvyngePoceflions and Lyberties to them. 

Kynge 



6ii. 



31 LELANiyS ITINERARY* 

Ky nge Canute for ill ly vynge expcUyd Seculer Clerks, aoi 
by the Counfell of Wolpane Bysihope of IFitrcefiar bringdhe 
ia Menkes. 

Aldred^ Bysfliope oiWofcefier^ tranfladyd to Torkey takynge 
a great Parte of the Lands otGloceftar to reedyfie the fame. 

A noble Lord, callyd Wolfhin Lekne^ for 7. Priftes kyllcd, 
bad Pcnaunce to find 7. Monks at Qlocefimr. 

WitUam Conquerar gave Glocefiar Abbay « decayed' to his 
Chaplen Serlo. 

Osrik firft under Kvnse and Lorde of this Contrie, and the 
Kynge of NtnthumierTand^ with the Licens of Etbeheiiy 
Kynge oiMercia^ firft foundyd this Monofterye. 

Osrlke by the Counfell of Bofel firfte Bysihope of Worctin 
putteth in Nunes, and makethe Kineburge his Sifter /I Abbes. 

3. Noble Wemen. Ktneburge^ Edhurge^ and £v4f Quenesof 
Merchie^zviA only Abbefles for the tymes ofNunes^the whidie 
F0I.7;. b. was 84, Yeres. The Nunes wcr ravyflied and dfry ven away 
by Warres betwixt Egbert and Kynge of the Marcbe. 
loyS. Albredus^ B. of J^rcj/?^^, dedicated the Church ofGlocefier^ 
whiche he had builded from the Foundation to S. Fetttr^ and 
by the Kyng's Licens obteyned, conftituted Wmlftmrn Abbot 
there. 

Kynge WtBiam Conquerar gave, and his Sonns aUb, Liberties 
and Poceflions to the Monaftarie diQlocefiar. 

Homos Archebysfhope of Torke reftoryd the Land^ the 
whiche Aldrede wrongfully dyd withhold. 

y Hauley and Farley Abbats made owr Lady Chapell. 

Horton Abbas made the Northe Syde of the Croiic Me. 

The Sowthe Syde of the CrofTe Ifle made by OflEcryogs it 
the Tombe of Kynge Edward the 2. 

Abbote Sebroke made a great Peace of the Belle Towrc is 
the midle of theOuiere. 



Abbate t Troncefier buryed at the Weft Ende of the Qujeic 
made the Cloiftar. 

Abbate Morwent made the new Weft End of the Churche, 
and the goodly Porche by North. 
Gm»i^« Gamage a Knight of Wales and his Wife wer buried at the 
Knyght. Southe Weft Side witheout the Qwere. 

Osbume Celerar made a late a Iqware Towre by Nordic 



* So I read out of Vol. IV. P^y^IL fol. 171. b. To denaycd 
in the MS. fi Abbas MS. y Etficforfan legend, m Vol. IV. 
Tart IL /. 172. a. ^ Sic in MS. Sed aliter in IV. Vol. M§d 
videfts Tart 11. fol. 172. a. b. 

Weft 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. jj 

Weft the Churche Yarde in Abbate Maheme^ alias Par- 
ker*s tyme. 

Robert Curtkofe is buried in the Presbitere. 

Some thinke that Stranb&we^ Wyf Countis ofTmtroke lay 
where Abbot Malvern had his Tombe. 

Sudeley Caftell fold to Kynge Edipard the ±. 

From Winchelefcombe to Twekesbyrle 7. Myles. 

To WoHefter 14. Mils. 

To Ferfore ix. Mils. 

To Clrenceftet 15. Miles. 

To Glocefier xii. Myles. 

To Eovejham 7. Miles or 8. 

To Southam 3. Mils. 

Sowtham longed to one Goodman^ nowe to Hudelfian. 

From Southam to Chilteham Market 5. Miles. It longed to 
Tewiesberye. a Broke, i. Brokes more.. 

To Glocejfar vi. Miles. 

In Gloeefiar ar 1 1 . Pariche Churches. Seint Ewines with- 
out the Suburbe. The Abbejr Churche. Seint O/iptfA/e. The FoLy^.t. 
Graye and Blake Friers within the 

Towne. The White Frers. Seint Mar- K . Hemry the 3. and Stefhen 
garet^ und Seint JMif^rf<i/«*'sHofpitales de « H • . • • khus Knight 
without the Towne. Seint Margarefs foundyd the Blake Frers anno 
bettar endewed. Bartolome^sWoi^itzl Dom, 1239. 
^ beyond one of the Bridgs. 30. poore Lorde Barkley foundyd the 
Folke. One Pouncevolt lythe in the Whit Friers. 
Bodye of the Church there, a greate 
Benefador to it. 

vii. Arches in the firft Bridge, one in a Gut Bridge be- 
yond. V. Arches in a Bridge upon a Pecc of Severne. a. in the 
Cawfe. 3. in a nother Place, befide othar viii. at theEnde. 

Northe Gate. Ailes Gate by Eft. South Gate. Weft Gate 
beyonde the 2. firft Bridges new builded. Lands gyyen by 
Henry the 8. BeUe and othar Men to mayntayne the Cawfies 
and Bridges fi and Glocefier. 

Howjys longghge to ttejfbbat of GloccHzr, 

y Pinkenes 3. Miles of by Eft with a goodly Parke. 
lie Vinyarde by Weft at the Cawfey's End . 
Hartebyriby Northe- Weft ^ . . . Miles of. 
No Bridge on Severne byneth Gloeefiar. 



osHarnefhuUr^/JV. P/ir/ II. f. 171. a. /SF.at, yPrinke- 
nefle Vol. IV. Part II. /. 1 72. b. ^ L. 4. Miles of ex Vol. IV. 

Vol. 8. E Ncwcnham 



3+ 



Fol. 76. b. 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Newenhsm Village 8. Miles bvnetbe Gloceftar ripa 
in the Forcft of Deue. There tne Watar at fiill Se i 
a My le over. A a. Myls lower the Water at full Sc is i 
more ovar. 

Bsrkeley an 18. Miles from Glocefiar^ fbmewhat d 
from Ssveme. 

ThomeBerje a %x. Myles, not very fiirre from Sevt 
a Creke govnge up to it. 

From Ghcefiar to Brightjlow jo. Myles by Land, . 
Water and more. 

No Bridge from Glocefiar to Twexierje. Ther a E 
To Avon a litle above the Towne. 

Fowre Myles above Twetexterje a Stone Bridge^ but 
on Avon. 

Infcriptiones in nr capitiJo Glocefier eccle. 

H/V /8 '^actt Pichard Scrongbowe, filims Gilbert! Ea 
'Btnbroke. 

Hic y jacet Philippus de ^ Fox miles. 

Hic jaeet Bernardus Je Novo Mercato. 

Hic jacet Paganus Je Cadurcis. 

Hic • jacet Adam de Cadurcis. 

Hic ( jacet Robertus Curtus. 

« Froncefier a Lordfliipe of a c. Marke a Yerc 8. 
from Glocejler^ a Myle beyond Standeley Priory. 

Jhefe Hovfef of Whit Monks were made and ereSl 
Houfes of a Relition cawUid Fratres Grifei, a» O 
that was afore the Conquefi. 

Buldewas in Shropjhir apon the right Banke of < 
hard by it. It is 7. Mils from ShroUesltjri. 
Netb in ffals. 
Bdfts^e Wirke in FKntJbire. 
Bukfaft. 

Befdefley in the Foreft of Pekenham in Worcejlerfchen 
Stratforde Lan^ethom in Eff-Sex. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ?? 

MatSIMs IValerU Founderes, as fome fay, of Acomlyry^ 
f a Priorie of Nuns in Acornhyrj Wood, 3. Miles by Sowth 
t from Hereforde. 
.1 Fercher and Coryn^ Fathar and Mothar to Seint Brendane 

the Abbate, were buryed of olde tyme in the very Place t^reford, 
as where now is made a new Churche for the whole Towne. 
Ther is yet in the Weft End of the Pariche Churche a Token 
I. of the oldeTombe, 

Owen Meridek^ corruptly cawUed Owen Thtder^ Fathar to OmenTudtr. 
li Edmund Erie of Richemount^ and Graund-Fathar to Kynge 
Henry the feventhe, buried in the Grey Freres in the Northe 
i Syde of the Body of the Churche in a ChapelJ. 

Richard Stradel^ Doftor of Divinitie in Oxforde^ and Ab- 
g bat of Dowre^ wrote Omelies upon the « Fatcr Noficr^ and 
' upon the whole Text of the Evangelyftes. He flowriflied in 
£ the tyme of ^ Edward . • . 

2 There cam in the tyme of Ser nomas Cant elope 3. Friers Fol.77. au 
Prechars to Hereford^ and by the Favour of William Cante^ 
lope^ Brothar to Byslhope Cantelufe^ they fet up a Jitle Ora- 
torie at Vortfelde^ but Bysfliope ikomas toke that Place from ?wtfu h in 
the Friers. Then one Syr John Dansett havynge a litle Place the ivcCate 
in the Northe Suburbe, let them have the ule of it. Then ?."^'^ **^ 
the Bysfhope of Hereforde gave them a Plot of Ground hard •^'' * 
,j by DaniePs^hce^ and ther they began to builde, and make 
a folempne Pece of Worke, DanieU helpynge them. But 
then the Barons Warrs by Thomas of JLancaJiar began agayne 
Edward the a. and Darnell was taken and beheadyd in Heri- 
ford by Edward the a. and his Bodv was buried at the great 
Croffe in the Minftar Cemiceri ox Hereforde. Then ceafed 
the Worke of the Blacke Friers Colledge for a while, and BlakeFriars 
then Kynge Edward the third holpe it, and aftar was at the »o Hereford. 
Dedication of it with many Noble Men. at the whiche tyme 
one Alexandar Bagle^ Bysfliope of Chejtar^ dyed at Hertford^ 
and the Kynge cam to his Funeralls there. The Bysmope 
was buried in the Quiere of the Blake Freres undar a goodly 
flate Stone. 

Epifcopi Hereforden. 
Thomas de Cantilupo (edit annis 7. oiiit 1x82. 
Richardus Swinfeld feast annis 34. 
. Ade Orleton natus in Hereforde, /^^/V annis 10. 
Thomas Chorleton (Trefurar o( England) fedit annis 14. 
Johannes Trillek fedit ann. 16. & dim. 



• Patarnoftarilff fi Legend, forfan, Edward TIL 

E % Johannes 



3i LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Johannes Gilbert fe Jit atm. i ; . Fuit « tranjlatus in Meneviam* 
Ludovicus /SChorleton 8. ann. 
Guiliam Corteney 5. ^ dim. 

Johannes Trefvaunt. 
lobertus Marfliall. 

EdmundusLacy (but eleftjand) tranflatcd to Excejl or i^o» 

Thomas Vdiionfedit an. uno S* quar. 

Thomas Svoford /edit at/n. z6. 

Richardus Beauchampeyi^/V a. ann. & quart* 

Reginaldus Bulcrs. 

Johannes Stainbyri. 
Fol. 77. b. Thomas Myning. 

Edmund Audcley, tranflatcd to Salysbury lyci, 

Hadrianus Caftellenfis cardinalis. 

Richardus Mzytw fedit ann. 11. & dim. 
15:17. Carolus Bothe f edit ann. 18. ^ 5. menf. 
15:35. Edwardus Fox. 

Edmundus Bonher. 
I y 29. Joannes y Skip. 

Thomas dc Cantilupe theoloiia doHor Oxon, archid. Sca- 
forden. & cancellar. Henry ^. jcdit ann. 6. 4 menfes il. dies 
liSi. 8.0^//V 8, • Calend. Sci^l^mhtr anno Dom.\i,iz. Vacavitfedi 
3. Monirhs and 6. Dayes. 

Svvynfildc doBor theologia^ covfecratus 7. die Marche annt 
1116. Vom. 1 18a. Ol/itt Ides or Marche Anno Dom. igld. Prffkit 
ann. 34. menf. 7. ^ dies 13. 

Sext.Non. Jul. anno Dom. 1^17. Adam Orlcton, natutHt" 
riford: decret. n doctor ^ confecratus epifcopus Heriford: 1^. 
die Br menjis Septcmhir /edit annis 10. menf. a. 

De epifcopis Herejorden^tbue tempore W. Conqueror. 

Anno Domini « 1077. tempore William Conquerar •<* 
Walterus epifcopus Hereforden : quinto anno r£'^»/»Guillelmi. 

Anno Dom. A 1078. combufiio ecclefi^e /m cathedralis per Gri- 
phinum, ^ Algarum, filium Leofrici comitls Merc. 
^^^__ I - • 

m Tranflata MS. /8 Choleto MS. y Scipio in marg. 
dl Menfe MS. • Callend. MS. { Dyes MS. n Dodori 
conf cor epifcopus MS. 9- Menfi MS. t Alias 1070. in 
margine Codicis MS. a manu ipfius Stovei ; quo modo etiam in 
textu non ahfurde emendavit qutfpiam^ pojieriore nempe 7. in 0. 
mutata. « Guillelmo ^.9. a Alias lor^. in craCodicisi 
manu Scovei. ^lujn eJ* in ipfo textu 1 07 8. deievit quifpiam^ 
utpote qui loy^:. veram leSioncm ejfeputavit. Et re8e qtridem* 
f$ Cathcdri MS. 

Am0 



LELAND'g ITINERARY. 37 

Jbmo Dam. 1079. Robertus de Lorcing faBus eff eftjcopm 1079. 

Hereford ; qui oiit anno Dom. 1094. 6. « Catena, Julii, cut 1094. 

fuccejpt Gerardus. Obit Gerardus anno Dom. iioi. iioi. 

SucceJJit^tymliMSj ^/wReynelmus, ut infcriifitur fepulchro. 
Giilielmus Malmesbirienfis dicit Gerardum tratfjlatum fuiffe 
ab Herford adfedem Eboracum. 

Reynaldus(?fc/V<j»wtf I>^w. my. y. /S Ca/^rf. November, my. 
cui juccefjit in efiTcofatu Richardus de Capella. 

Sed fecundum Guilhelmum Malmesbirienfem fuccejjit Rey Caifn'dut 
naldoGalfridus, & GdltndofucceJ/tt Richardus Clerscus fri-^^^'^"^- 
vati yfgiW. . 

Afino Dom. 1117. in. Call. Septembar ^foV Richardus i^^^^^^^^^^ 
Capella, cut fucceftt Galfridus de Clive. "^^J^Zl 

Robertus de Betune yk(J3f«f efifcofus Hereford, ante Trior ?o\, 7^\. 
</^ Lantonie prima, anno Domini 11^1. 11 ?i. 

Obiit Robertus betune anno Domini 11/^%, \o. I Calend, 1148. 
Maii. Succejjit Gilbertus Folioth abbas 1 Gloucellriae. 

Tranjiatus eft Gilbertus Folioth ad fedem London, anno 
Dom. 1 1(^3. Et eleBus eft eodem anno Robertus Melun in efif- 1 16^. 
cofum Hereford. 

Anno Dom. 1167 • tf^/V/ Robertus de Melun., penul. Febr. 11^7. 
alias 3. 5 Calend. Mart, cui fuccejjit "RohtrXMs Folioth, quiec- 
clefiam abbat. de Wigmore, fer nobilem virum Hugonem de 
Mortimer ^v^isr/^r^, dedicavit^ ^ diverfa jocalia dedit eidem 
ecclepa die % dedicattonis e]ufdem. 

Obiit Robertus Folioth efifcofus Herforden : 9- nono" die 
i Maii anno Dom. iii6. Succejfit Gul. de Ver. Obiit « Gul. ii%6. 
de Vere 14. die Decembris anno Dom. laoo. laco. 

Succejftt &^^\\x^ de Brefa, quo anno obiit S. Hugo efifcofus 
Lincolne. 

AnnoDom. HIT; 17. <//V Novembar, ?iid eft ly. (a Calend. Iiiy. 
Decembar, obit iEgidius efifcofus Herforden. Succejftt Hugo 
de Mappenor. Obiit Hugo de Mappenor anno Dom. 1119. 1119. 

» SucceJJit Hugo Folioth. Obiit Hugo Foliorh anno Dom. I2.34* 
1134. ?• ^ CV»/«i</. Auguft. • SucceJ^t Racjulphus de Maydene- R^^^^t^^* 
ftan. D/iSFir/ Radulphus Maidenfton ^o. a?ino efifcofatus /»' ^"r^orie*^ 
j^5«/ I?/? w frater Minor anno Dom. 1Z7^. ^fufervixitannis ^j^'ao?* 
f* diebus 3y. Succejpt Petrus de Aqua Blancha Saubaudus. 



« Callend. MS. fi Callend. MS. y Sigili MS. I Gal- 
lend. MS. % Glouceftria MS. ? Callend. MS. n Decatio- 

1 
nis MS. 3- q . . die MS. cum duobus funB/s. 1 May MS. 
* Gullam MS. a II eft MS. f* Callend, MS. » Succeflyd 
MS. i Callend, MS. • Succellyt MS. ?r Fratar MS. 

Anno 



38 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Anno Bom. m die November Petrus de Aqoi 

Blancha ohilt. 

Ii4f . Succeffit\oYi^nTics Brueton. OUlt Brueton anno Dom. MiHT* 
II. die y Mail, id efi \.i Idus Mail. 

SucceJJit Thomas de • Cantilupo. Thomas de 5 Cantilupo 
confecrattts i Robert Kylwarbye archebysfliope of Cantorknt 
at Cantorhery in the Feafte of the Nativitie of owr blifled 

t27f # Ladye, anno Dom. I27;r* Oiiit Cantilupus n ad urbem vete- 
rem d- crafiino Barptolcmasi , cujus ojfa delata ab eceieJU S, 
Severi in urbe veteri Hereforcliam. SucceJJit Richard Swincf- 
fild. qui oJfa Cantilupi tranfiulit i capella beata^ Marias Here- 
fome ad cafeUam 5. Joannis « Baptiftx ejufdem ecclep^e. Tm* 
dem rurfum tranjlatum corpus Canrihipi k Joanne Trillekc 
epifiopo Hereford, in cafeUam S. » Mariag 8. A Calend. No- 
vcmh^r anno dom* fjt . . . • & ab obltu Cantilupi 6j^, 

ijKJ. Richard Swinsfeid obiit anno Dom, igid. die y. Gregorii 
Font, Ro. apud Bosburie. Sedit annis 34. Sefultus efi fom{i 
max. in Herifordenfi » ecclejia. 
FoI.78.b. Anno Dom. 1317. Johannes ai. Font. Romanus icontnlft 
in magifirum Adam de Orleton, natum Hereforde, deeretonm 
do^orem^ epsjcopatum Hcreforden. Confecratus eft Avinioni 
Id. Maii. Tranjlattts efi • Wigorn. & pojiea Winton. OfeVf 
li* ]\lU anno Dom. V .... 

Tranjlatus fuit Orleton ad Wjgorniam per Pont. Ro. f«i 
Herefordenfem ecclefiam dedit { Thomae Chorleton<f»»#i- 

^V'T* miniiizj. Ofo'/V Chorleton 11. Januarii^. 

Ex fchedula t epifcopor. Hcreforden. 

a ii6i. cum in textu turn in margtne primum fuit fcrif turn \ 
fed delevit tandem ipfe Stoveus. ReHe autem fe haiuit 1x6%, 
ft Godwinum Jequamur^ qui ^ mortem in 17. diem Novem- 
bris incidijfe ait. ^ 127^. Godwin. reHe. y Maye MS. 
I Ide May MS. % Cantilopo MS, ^ Cantilup MS. « At 
MS. ^ In Hctruriz fcilicet, 1 Baptilla iJf«y. » Marye Jtf^. 
A Callend. MS. fjt Legendum 1349. quo modo primum fcritfe^ 
rat Scoveus non iant'<m in textu ^ Jed in ona Codicis^ Lelanaum 
ipjum proculdubio Jccr/tus. Nam ex melioribus monunoentis li^ 
quet Cantilupum obiijfe ann. 1281. Aug. 2^. uti not docuit 
Godwinus. Verum hac in re difcrepant alii fcrif tores ; qttam 
ob ratianem numeros forfttan expunxit Scoveus. » Ecdifia MS. 
i Cont'ilit i magettar Adam de Orleton natus Hereforde 
decretorum dodori epifcopi Hereforden. MS. • Wigorii 
MS. zr L(?gend. 134^. c.v Godv/ino pag, 283. 5 Thomas 
Chorleton MS. <r An. 1343. Godivin. t Epilcopus MS. 

Petrus 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 39 

Petrus de Aqua Blancha & alii m alienigense expulf funt de 
Angl.fer Barones afud Dover anno Domini iz6z. I2(fa» 

Radulphus de Maydenftane ex efifcopo Hereforden.^ffitf 
fratrum Minorum, 

Ex chronico Antonini de Radulpho Matdefian. 
In tantum fi autem fratres iUi fuerunt in fartihus iBisfanSi^ 
fatefamojij ut monawellus iUe^ qui fuit ibi frtmus receftus ad y ^of^g^^ 
ord. Minorum^ fed ^ dominus Radulphus efifcofus Herifor-aiocolle- 
den. & quidam abbas cum multis aliis or dine intrarvnt ^ ^gii fratrum 
tarn humiliter converfati funt^ ut ^ iffe epifcofus & abbas ^^"^^^'^^ 
lapides portarent pro conJlruSione conventus. **** 

Ha&enus ex Antonino. 

Stetit autem Radulphus Maideftan tandem in conventu 1 Glo- 
ceftriae. Ibi obiit & fepultus e[i. 

Anno Dom. latf^. obiit "Dominus Gualterus de Cantilupo ikJ^; 
eptfcopus Wigornii, (3* ifrater D. Gul. de Cantilupo militis 
& n jenefchalli illufirijjimi regis Anglix Henrici 3. ac patris 
S. 9" Thomas Hereforden. epifcopi* 

Edwardus Senior, Jilius Alfredi t regis ^ confiruxit Her- Hertford 
fordiam. foundyd. 

Anno Dom. 1070. combufta efi Hcrford ab Wallenfibus cum ^l Alias 
ecciefia Seint Ethelberti martyris ; quo tempore multi illius ec-^ lo/y. 




tefloravit 
, ^ . sFoUiot 

ex abbate Gloceftri : epifcopus Hereforden. 

Gilbertus adverfabatur maxime Thomae Beketo archiepifcopo F0I. 79; t: 
Cantuar. Thomas Beket (a difcipulus in fcholis Roberto de 
Melun. 

Mention is made of Robert Folioth in vita Thomas Beket, 
ubi numeratur inter eruditos. 

Guliam Vere epifcopus Hereforden. plurima adijicia in epif-- 
copatu confiruxit. 

Hugo Folioth^ Bisfhope of Herford^ made 2. Cantuaries in 
Seint Catarine's Chapell of the Southe Syde of Herford 
Churche Cloifter, and the Hofpitall of Seint Catrine ac 
Ledburie, 



« Alienigena MS. fi Ante MS. y Conftruxtio MS. 
9 Mynorum MS. i Gloceftria MS. ^ Vide Godwinum, 
^.5:11. « Seneftialli illuftrifti reges Angli MS. 9- Thoma 
MS. t Reges MS. » Allias MS. a Hcrefordenfes MS. 
ft Difcipulis MS. 

Thomas 



40 LELANiyS ITINERARY- 

Thomas Caniilufe bought LiDcIs, and gave them tob 

Chirchc. Thotnas Chorleton efifcafus Hcry tord : Treafiinr d 

1 ngland. 
Or let m gave Shlningfeld Parfonage in Bmrkejbire to Ae Fa- 

brike of Hereford Churche. 

Alicia mater * Gulhclmi Vcr efifcopi Herford. 

fi Ex libro Martyrologii ecclefix Herifirdimps, 
The xviii. Calend. Fcbruarii ob'ttus y Wuluivx dt Godiya, 
ifta ma. f ''^ dederunt eccefue Hereford : Hopam, Preftonam, Pioniam 



oppido 
HerffnUn 



Mfvnr- 



JrrUviciiu & Northonam. 

Radulphus Maideftan primw afprofriavH ecclejuam de Bcy- 
fham, alias Cellach, in comit. Herford. eccL Herfordei^ 
hac lege ut ^ quilibet canonicus frafens in fufrema tmffa ft' 
cuniolam % reciferet, 

Radulphus Maideftan emit ades de Mounthaunte ptft 
Broken Warth London : & dedit efifcofis fiicce/forihis fms, 
Eynno Herforden : habet jus patronatus ecclefi^e S. Man* 
de Mounchaute. 

Johannes Trillek efjfcofus ^ Herforden : max. impe^ 
tranjlulit ojfa Thomae (Jantilupi. 

Johannes Gilbert tranflatus adfedem Meneven. 

Gul. Courteney tranflatus ad London. » 

Johannes n Tuefnaunt epijcofus Heriford. ofste Canon. eC" 
elejia Affaphi. & auditor caufarum camera: ^ apoftolic^, 

Robertus Mafchal epifcopus Herford. ante CarmeL Btc 
adificavit ckorum fratrum Carnielit. (^presbiterhtmapudLoa- 
don. ^dificavit ibidem campanile eccL Carmeh ^ multa t ora- 
toria eidem eccL contuUt ^ ^ ibidem in lapide alabajlfite 
%fepultus. 

Edmundus de Laceie. eleBus tempore xfchifimatiSj tranflo' 
tus adfedem Exceftrenfem in the Yere of Chrifi iJ^%o. in die 
8. of H. the 5. 

Thomas Polto tranflatus 1$ ad 

Thomas Spoford epifcopus Hereforden. primo abias Seiflt 
Marie Eborac. dein epifcopus Rofenfis eleBut^ fed ante i com- 



whit 
Friers. 

FoL 79* b. 



1410. 



^ 



m Gulhelmus MS. fi Ex libri matyr olegii eccli Hcri- 
fordcnfis MS. y Wuluive & Godiva qua MS. / Quilibus 
MS. I Rccipcrit MS. Z Herfordeg : max. in penfis triftu- 
lic MS. « Sic. 9- ApoftolJca MS. t Oraterea MS. « Sc- 
pultis MS. A Schifmate MS. (a Cum huic ecclefias i^. 
menfes prafuiflct, Ciceftriam primum tranflatus eft, ac poftea 
IVigorniam. Godwin, t Concecrat. MS. 



fecrat. 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 4* 

fecra. tranjlatus sd Hereford. Sef^ltus eft Spoford Ebor. in 
Mariano manmfterio. 

Eicbard de BeUo-camfo craoflatjrd firom Hertfmrd to £f- 
liskurje. 

Reginaldus Butler trmflatus mk Herford ad Chefter. 
Johannes Stanbiiiy Carmel. tranflMtm i Bangor ad Herford. 
Thomas Milling doBus theologus^ & liwgMst Grascas gnarm^ 
ex aUate Weftmonafter \faBus Herforae : eftfiafus. But 
comfater «£dwardi frindpis filn m Edwardi j^ & ei i am" 
flits. Fuit magjNis amator facrorum mufcarum^ fkurum mt- 
merum doSum alebaf. 

Edmund Audley fi frhmiim Rofenfis, p0ftea Herforden. m^ 
n^em circlter aimis demum tranJlaUts ad Sarisberye. JEdtficavst 

faceUum ad\un3um capeUse S* tm Herforden. eccL 

C^ cantuartam in eo fundaviu 
Hadrianus Caftellenfis cardti tranjlatns ah Herford: ad Bath< 
Richard Maiew^ Archedecon of Oxford^ Chauncelor of 
. Oxford^ fr^fes cotteg. Magd. Oxon. elemopnarivs Henrici j. 
orator in Hupania fro Catarina uxore Arthurii. 

Charles Bouth Archedeacon of Buckyngham^ and Chaunfe- 
lar of the Marchis of Wales ^ aftarward By sQiope of Herfwde. 
Edmunde Bonber tranflatyd to be BysQiope of Umdom. 

Ex vita S. O^tihiB Virgin and Marthr^ autore Veto 
Canon, iani S. Ojitha in Efifex. 

Ofitha filia Fredewaldi regis ^ & Wilburgx Pendse regji$ 
yfilia. Ofitha adbapt i do§rin^ Edithas ^ £dburga;, yua^* 
rum neptis erat. 

Fredewaldus rex paganus. 

Editha domina de Ailesbirie, quam vittam non expatris done^ poL ••. •; 
• fed extortam matris adepta gaudebat. 

O^thz famulabafur Edithse in ( Ailesbiry. 

Edbur^, forer Edithx, hatitabat apud Edburbiry, qua i 
nomine vtrginis^ n qua vico pravideiat^ namen hoc Jortita efi^ 
ab Ailesbyri decern ftadiis interfluum habens amnem^ qui fape 
turgidus inundatione pluviarum ^ ventorum d- inpulpme iti^ 
nerantibus molefiumfacit tranf^um. 

Ofitha, I qua fecreto virpmtatem deo voverat^ « inperio pa-^ 
iris nupfit Sihero a Chriftiano regi orient. Anglorum. 

Eccna & Bedewinus presbyteri dejignati ab Wilburga 
f> regina cura Ofithae. 



n Edwardy MS. fi Primis MS. y Filia MS. * Dodrina 
MS. • Sic. 5 Ailesbirii MS. n Qua MS. 3- Sic. t Qjyt 
f. virginitate MS. » S/c. a Chriftiatio MS. u Regina: MS. 

Vol.8. F Siherof 



4i LELAMiyS ITINERARY. 

Siherus rex inftitueUi Eccham & Bedewinum innprn 
epUcopos dut faroehimles freslyterof i Chelmeresfbrde nffti 
4r/Chic, & aliUfeflea sate per frovinciMmfhsm^ 

m Editna & Bedewinus taptizatma in eceh e^fi^lorum Petri 
^ Pauli, putRca tunc temporis ejus repoms fepnlturm propter 
tccL penuriam in emmitrio Petri tf Pauli. 

Siherus reie srdet rem habere cum Ofitha, fed ittm fi recu- 
fitndo tern habere dijhlit. 

Dum Siherus venation! fluJet^ Ofitha abfente 'viro veh ca- 
put confecrat. 
CMfdine In Locus jui dicitur Gaiefdine ex re nomen batens^ fnia Jicuut 
y litore Ttf- iis Gaiuin applicuiffe. Siherus rex exoratus votum wginitatit^ 
'•'J^*'"*"i» ^uod voverat Ofitha velo induto^ aque animofertm 
W« ^^ Siherus rex denavit % Ofithx vtUamfuam Je Chic. 

Ofitha diutinis laboriius & multiformi ( inpenfamm inpen£§ 
in Chic fabrlcari fecit ecclejiam in honorem apB^olarum Petri 
& Paul], necnon ^ iedificta Sanffimonialium nfitns commeda^ 
miro n lathomorum opere diftinSa. d* Gens de Northumbria C 
de Halmeresfolke. 
Inguare & HnhhTLj^liant t monafierium Ofithse m Chic 
n Ofithse caput amputatum tyrannide Ing^er ^ Ubbx ad 
fontemprope Chich, uUfoletatfe cum virginibus lavare^ 
600. ^AJja eft anno Dom. 6oot i» Non. A Oftobris. Corpm 
0{iihxfepu/tum ante introitum chori eccL Petri & Pauli. 
FoL8o.b. Mauritius epifcopus London, tranftulit corpus Ofithx » 
orient, partem mag. ^ altaris eccl. apojhlorum retri ^ t Pauli 
in Chic. 

Gul. Corboile arcbiepifcoput Cantuar. fatrioafm Cantuaria 
argentea theca tranftulit in earn i partem relifuiamm O&h. 
Hie Gulhelmus arcbiepifcopus ante fuerat infiitutor CmtomicO' 
rum ( • non ) Regu/arium in Chic, ^ primus Prior eomndem. 

Succejftt Mauritio epifcopo London^ Richard do Beaumeis 
Normannus natione^ & peritus legis humana fecretormm Do- 
mini regis confcius^ ^ k cauffarutn ^ adminiftrationum reifub. 
non fegms executor ; ita ut domino rego in remotis torrm far- 
tibus agente ipfo partes fuas epifcopo committeretj ^ mmximi 
terramyf nWtnfQm conquirendam^ & conjuifttam enJloJiemlam 



m P. Eccha. fi Recauflando. y Lito MS. / Eft-Saxono 
MS. f Ofitha villa fua MS. ( Sic. n Sic. d- Sic. t Mo- 
nafteri MS. x Ofitha MS. a Oftobre MS. (m Altario MS. 
9 Paulo MS. i Parte MS. • Vocula ifia^ parentboji inclufa^ 
fttfra liv. fcribitur. t Cauflarium & adminiftratiorum 
MS. 

fuo 



I-ELAND'S ITINERARY. 43 

fuo gommitteret exmmui^ & C9mi$stum Salopelhir feme iHi 
fi contigHum iUius domumo mancifaret. 

RicEard Beaujneis fervemt ad Chic, ^uod tunc temforh cUehmimm 
mimirum fnt/ Clacheatoniae, mapu quidcm iffius domktU'!. mancrmm 

§iuatuor in eccL S. Ofithx reperit facerdotes^ quos Mauri- JJJIJJJ* 
tius ep'tfcopuSy ejus Pr^edeceJJify ibl casffiituerat^ JcUicet Edwi- 
nuni^ Sigarum, yGodwicuim, fui dl3us eft Menftre-Preft, 
qui ^ iffe decants erat I prov'tnctd!^ ^ Wulfinum, qutbus ad 
• vit^ ueceffaria comftituctat unicuique 60. acras terra: praiter 
decimationes & altaris otventiones^ qua multifarie frovenie^ 
hant eccl. Riqbard efifcofus miffis ad Chic Nicolao ^ Ra- 
nulpho Batip ctmcfs Aoliat freshiter9t S. Ofithse QUationihus. 

Gul. de Wochenduna, JMauritii olim eplfcopi London : 
alumnus^ ^ wavlt ut Richardus jam 9 agrotans redderet fref" 
iyteris S. ORthx Jua jura j id quod convalefcens fecit. 

Richardus de Belumeis tertius eptjcopus London : ncpos 
Richardi^ qui M^nntiifucceffhr^ confuio Kadulphi archiepijcopi 
Cantuari : ccenohium Canon, reguL confiituit in Chic. 

Habebat turn «tf/Vfj» Richardus epifcopus clericum injignem Fol.8i.a. 
Gul. de Curbuil, totius d- literature communis pcritum^ quern 
eb probitatem morum^ dr « literature ^ fecularis prudentie 
adje vocaverat. 

Hie Gul. Curbuil faSus eft Prior Canon, de Chic. 

Gul. Curbuil vocatus aa concilium i rege dtfignatus eft ar^ 
chiepifiopus Cantuari : 

Kichardus, A^a^r Mauritii ^//^^i London : vlUam^ u que 
Chic diciturj Jolventem lo. libras infirma Clflchentonia, uftbus 
Canon: profuturam inftituit^ necnon & eccleftas de Sumcm* 
fbcr c^ Alechorne, ecclefia$ de Qachenton, fcilicct S. Jacobi 
& S. Nicolai, ecclefiam de Pclham, & de Aldebiria, ^ de 
. alia Pelham. 

Rex Henricus comtuUt Canon. S. Ofithse eecl. de Stowa & 
Bliebrjg, in quafepultusquiefcere dicitur Anna rex, 

Ecclefia de Blieburg iUuftrata conventu Canon : confenfu regis Fandatio 
& aUatis S. Ofithise. Prioratus 

Richard Byfliope of London dedit fedi x fue London : ^^Jj'J' 
Lodewik de patrimonio fuo in commutationem pro Chec. De* ^' 

dit etiam fedi ^ fue predia in Meilande in terra Ernulfi 
de Wigtot. 

«* Commififlet MS, /8 Contituum, & mox mancipaflet, 
in MS. y Sic. 3" Provintia MS. • Vita MS. ^ Orator 
MS. nOpiotas MS. 9" Literatura-^*?. t Forfan^ litcnau- 
ram & fecularem prudcntiam. » Qua MS. a Sua MS. 
u Sua precdia MS. 

Fa Ex 



4^; LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Ex libro Feri Canon ^ S. Ofihie de miraculis Ofibif* 
Wcftemutha Utusfrope Chic, uti partus. 
Hugo Haver f'trata fpoUavH Eadulvefiies, mllam Omni 
9ccL S. Pauli London : ^ naves ejufdem viB^e ferforsfvi & 
demerpt. 
Vtr Canon • Hugo Haver defraians littus Eft-Sex : fefercit farUm 
8c aacor li^ Canon : S. Oiithas tempore Abelis jfUath. 
bri rbdt Propter plratarum incurfiones delatum futt antiquHus coffus 
[^J^J[* S. M Ofithas a Chic ^^ Ailesbiriam, ifii fi nutrjta &fams £- 
fciplints adprlme eruiita cum y matertera Editha a/i^uanJk 
LoeoBtmi'^^^M^ ^ognofcitur^ & in eadem parochia 4ifud Querendontm 
lUS.ofibdJ» viUa^ ^ ^a nunc eft Gul. de Mandeviila, origimfm m^ 

vitatis duxijje ah tncoUs pradicatur ^ creditur. 
FoLSx«b« Gaufridus vir centum cr i6, annorum in Ailesbiria. 

Uxor fabfi^ i fervi cujufdam militis^ 5 haUtantis in Ailef* 
byri, pepertt quinofue frtus. 

Uxorautem milttis^ Domini fairi^ peperit j.fietus^ ctnmlo^e 
ante tempore fuijfet omnino nfterilis* 

§lu/idraginta &fex annis^ ut ajunt^ Ofitha Sfotale filnm de 
Ailesbiri fui corporis prajentia illufirajfe fertur. ^[m modo 
autem ad nos relata fuertt pro cetto antiquitas ipfis^ & ^ 
tumi nimis tempor'ts Prolapfus^ notttiam abolevst. Cerium tit' 
men hahemus corpus ad locum ^ martyr ti fuijfe relatttm. 
Ofitha Eilesbiriam « multts inftgnivtt miraculis, 
Aluredus preshiter Aiiesberienfis , poftea Prior Rofea& 
Monaftor* Gul. filius Nigelli miles dominus de Burton propt 
Ailesbyri. 

Lucia, jilta Roberti Bever & « Adelivse, nupfit GvX.flie 
Nigelli. Walterus de Haia miles & comprovincialis nifter* 
Hilaria fropinqua Mauritii a inri mat : ivye^Gualteri de liaia^ 
Galfridus Malet vir f^ dives & potens Cantebergia. 
Adelifia mater mea^ noiilis matrona^ degeiat im mdmitate 
9 ax. a morte mariti fui. 

Pratres noftri ea temporis fiatione tres /;» Waullia milHstsnt 
cum rege^ prima fcilicet congrejjit cum Wallenfibus. 
Verhi iTri, Ofitha mater mea te i praelegit advocatricem , ^ reliSn 
tucoris hu-yif/; denobiis^ « qua ipfa cum viro fuo inftituit^ aa patroemium 

matre fua. Fulco Pr$or de Ledes. 



m Ofitha MS. fi Nutira & facis MS. y Materteras MS. 
dl Qua MS. I Servii MS. ^ Habitantes MS. « Sterites 
MS. 3- Marty MS. * Multus infignivit miraculus MS. 
« Adeliva MS. a SiC in MS. An viri magni, V2l epifcop. 
Lend. ? /a Deves MS. » S:c. \ Preclegit MS. • Qua MS. 

Heuricus, 



\ 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 41 

Henricus, filius Matildis huffrsiricis^ Colcccftriam venh^ 
uU m diem facts ir fi cnuorii^ cum Gul. cemite Warenoac, 
yjB/0 Stephani regis^ fnefente Theobaldo archieftfcofo Can- 
tuari : & reg : Aaronilms. 

Matildis regtna^ i mater Gul. comitis Warennix, manerium 
quod dkttur comitis, quod juxta mos efi^ ex frofria hereditate 
eecl: S. • Ofithse contulit ^ faSum confirmante ejus marito FoLI».t; 
Stephen rege. 

Ego tunc temporis in curia Theobald! Cantuari : militaiam^ 
& a Coleceftria ad S. ( Ofitham veniebam^ ut matrem invi- 
/erem* 

n Gulhelmus epifiopus Norwicen. cofummatam ecclepam 
^ novam S. Ofithse confecravtt. 

Bethelem inventions corporis SanBi Hieronimi exuUansVtr ntor 
interfuit Agnes de Gueres comprovhciaiis noftra^ uxor Ade- ?*^"» ^^ 
lardi de Gueres, conftatuiariiG2Lu{Tidi comitis fenioris. SjS!* 

Euftachius de Bzrcntonz forefiarius regis. 

Albericus de Vcr, pater meus^ manjlomm habens apud 1 Bo- Geni au- 
nedeiam, vir quidem mag : nominis ^ accepti inter homines^ AwIk 
regis eximii Henrici prions camerarii^ &fecretorum ulteriorum 
non extremuSj totius AngliK juftitiarius. 

Adeliza, filia Gilbert! de » Clare, viri noUUs & eximii ^^ielizAt 
inter pracipuos regni principes. ^^l/^!^ 

A Boneclea Mat tribusfiaiiis at eccl ; S.a Ofithae. IJ^erio- 

Adeliza de Eftfexa, faia Alberlci Ver & 9 AdeUzx. torit hajnt 

Rog;eru8, jS/i»^ Richard, nepos comitis Hugonis Bigot, duxit UltnL 
in i uxorem Adelizani. ^S/miri Adelizse. 

Thomas avunculus Roger! j!/// Richard!. 'i^ZJIL/' 

£z vita Edmunds • Martiris, dedicata Dunftano archiepif- 
copo Cantuari: v z\x€toxcAih<n$e monacho Floriacenp. 

Saxones orient: c infuU partem funt adepti^ Jutis e^ Anglis 
ad alia tendentihts. 

Motahatur Edmundus eo tempore ab urhe longius in viBaj 
qua lingua eorum Hegilefdun dicitur^ i qua & fdva vicina 
eodem nomine r vocatur. Vaffus efi r Edmundus ia. v Calend. 



m Deeft indixit, vel quid ftmile. $ Concordia MS. 
y Fillio MS. > Matar MS. % Ofythx MS. ? Ofitha MS. 
% Guhelmus MS. 9- Navam S. Olitha MS. « S\c. « Clari 
MS. A Sic. (4 Ofitha MS. » Adeliza MS. i Uxore Ade- 
liia filiam Adeliza MS. • Martiri MS. ^ Audor Abbote 
monacho Floriaccnfis MS. c Infula MS. •• Vocat MS. 
T Edmundy MS. » Callend. MS. 

December. 



d 



f LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

December. Multitudo mfrovincise im vilU regia^ fk mum Imgju 
Anglica Beodricefworch dicHur^ y Laciaa vera Beourici cuitii 
vacatur^ conftruxit fermaximam miro Ifgneo tahulaiu ecclefm^ 
adjpiam eum^ ut decehat^ tranfiulH cum\ magna gloria, 
i, b. Ufwin heatafemina affidetat fePulchro martyris Jidmundi. 

Theodredus, cog: bonus, ejufdem frovinctse efifcopus. 

Leoftanus, wV fotenSy filius Edgari, • refera'vtt fefulchnm 
5 Edmundi Marty : ^ ejus corpus vid}t» 

Ex libro de miraculis Edmundi Marty : « audtorc inccrto. 

Tempore Athclredi regis quidam clerks^ ferfendenUs ust- 
tjrem mag : effe merit} ^ fi^h ejus fatrocinio autcritate Aldulphi 
etifcofi deo Je devoverutit ferpetuo famulari. Horum 4. facet' 
aoteSj duo vero diactfni* 

Leofftanus nobllis infejlus coUegns S. Edmundi. 

Dani duce Swino applicant apud Gcyaesburg. 

Egelwinus monachus orator ad Sweinum mfjfus exorare wm 
fotuit ut parceret CoUeao 9- Edmundi. 

Sweinus in fomnis lancea ah Edmundo percujfus nou din p^ 
ferv'txit, 1 In regione Flegge mart froxima. Corpus Edmundi 
martyris London : delatum. 

Corpus Edmundi relatum ad Beodricefworth. 

Canutus rex AngL fcho/as per appidajyffit inflitui 

Elfwinus epifcopus & monachus agit cum Canuto rege ut orJo 
monafticus in eccl: Seint Edmundi infiitueretur. .Ajimiit rex, 
Aanuit & Turkillus comes in cujus ditione eccl: Edmundi 
fita eft. . 

InduSi punt monachi in eccl: S, Edmundi anno J}om. loio. 
i pajione Edmundi i f o. 

Haroldus & Hardecanutus reges k Angliae opts Cznntxpg' 
iris quinquennio A exhauferunt. 

Edwardus 3. ante conqueftum dedit monafter: ^.Edmundi 
oBo &femis centenaria^ qua An^lice Hundicdes f« 'uocantut, 
Unus primus abbas monafler : S, Edmundi. 

Leofftanus 2. abbas. 

Egelwinus monachus^ qui orator mjjfus fuit at eccl: Ed- 
mundi ad Canutum^ coecus fuit ante obitum* 

Ofgothe Claph, Juperbus Danus, & contemptor 9 gloria S. 
Edmundi. 



•I Provintia MS. fi Qua lingwa Anglia JWy. y Latyna 
MS. ^ Magni MS. * Kefravit MS. ? Edmunde MS. 
« Auctor MS. 9- Edmundo MS. i Sic. « Angii MS. 

A EAhariifcruat MS. p Vocatur MS. t Gloria MS. 



10. 



Baldewiiius 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 47 

Baldewinus mntattms S, Dionifii frof€ Pariffios, }• Mm 

ecvL S. Edmundi. 

Gu) : c»g : longus^^AvGuI : in m retno AngVix ficceffit. FoLts.a: 

Rodbertus de fi Curcenn miles cufieiat ahradere viBam WIr 
Soutliwald, pit v/cham^ ah eccl: Edmundi. Gul : de y Cur- 
ceum fucceffor Rodbexti dc #1 Curcenn 14. anno regm Hen- 
rici X. 

Chclmeresford vsBa. 

Ranulphus CafeUdnMS tunc regsliitm frovifir^ & exdSor 
^e&halium^ foftea ^M^vf Dunelmenfis efifcofus. Segeba r^- 
iigioja femiva in eccl: S. Edmundi. 

Ex annalibus, autore incerto. 

^/^no Dom. 109a. afud Sarisbiriam teBum turrts eccl: viO" 109%; 
Itntia fulminis omnino dejecit f. die fofiquam earn % dedica^ 
'verat Ofmundus efijcofus Sarisbir : Cf Remigius efifcofus 
Lincoln. 

uinno Dom. iioi- Wintonia conflapravit 16. CaB. Jun. iioi.' 

Eodem anno 13. Call. Jun. Gloceftria cum motutfterio arpt. 

Anno Dom. 111?. O wen /ir/f Powifix regulus. 1 1 1 ?. 

Anno Dom. iiai. Gloceftriag pars magna iterkm cum m^ iiii! 
naflerio arfit. 

Anjto Dom. ii^i. fundata efi aUaf: de Morgan i Roberto nrj^ 
comifeGlocc&nx. 

Anno Dom. ii^8. Gul. comes Gloceftriae captus efi in ca^ iTeff ' 
fieVo de Cairdif ab Wallis. ^*' 

Anno Domini 1166. oii it KohcTtMS filius Gul. comitis Glo- ii(j(f, 
ceftriac. 

Anno Dom. ii6t. viUa de Kenfik ^^^f Ncthe /liWalHs n^y, 
comlufia in noSe S. Hilarii. '* 

Anno Dom. iii^. Gilbertus de Clare fufcepit i«. comit : i^kJ, 
Gloccfter c^ Herford : quorum heresfuit. 

Verfus 5, ut ferunt^ Giraldi Cambrenfis de Gul. de Bello* p^| g • , 
campo, efifcopo Eiien^. ' '* 

The Cafteli ofKilfek ^. Miles bynethe the Hede ofmrme 
Banke fimfira. No notable thinge on IVorme befyde Kilfck. 
Tarn ifene^ tarn facile j torn mag: negotia traSas^ 
Ut dubius reddarfi deus es vel homo. 
Sum fay that it is called jD//fr/» dore^ i. e. vaUis aurea^ i 
fertUitate. 



m Regni Angli MS. fi S:c. y S:c. •! Sjc. t F. dcdica- 
verant. ^ Mox infra hahs^ eo tiem^e ordlne^ quo in Codlce 
MS. legnntur^ editor. 

Tnm 



48 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Tom msle^ tarn temere^ tarn turfitif omma tr^Sml 
Ut dultus reddar lelhts fa vel homo* 

The lowe Grownd where Dules runnithe is called Diffrm 
Dide. 

Sic cum fis minimus temftas majoritus uti^ 
Ut duUus reddar fimia fis vel homo. 

Ther was at Dour afore theEdification of the Miner ^called 
Blak Berats HauUe, 

The Lordfliipe felfc of Ewh Harold^ whcr it is naroweft, 
is a Myle ia Bredthe^ and mofte in Lengthe i. Mile. It hath 
good Come, Greffe and Woode. 

Dovr Abbay vi. Mills from HerrfordRzt Sowtb, x. Miles 
from Monemuth by Weft North Weft, ix. from jltergevm/ 
byplayne Northe. 

The Broke of Dour runneth by the Abbay of Dout^ and 
there ic brekethe a litle above the Monafterie into a. Armes, 
whereof the lefle Arme rennethe thorowghe the Monaftery. 
The bygger Arme levith the Abbey a Bowe (hot of on the 
right Hond or Banke. The Confluence is againe hard by- 
ncthe the Abbey. The Place where the Confluence of B9ttr 
and Monow is, is 8. good Myles from Monemuth Toune, 

The Valley where Dour renneth betwin i. Hills is caullid 
Diffrine dor^ id eft, aurea vallis ; but I thinke rathar ^ durofiu* 

Wormes Brooke cumythe into Dour River 3. Qiyutars of 
a Myle bineth Dour Abbay by the left Ripe. It nfethe by 
the Hay Wood 3 . Miles by South Southe Eft from Herfirl 
It rennythe y. Myles ifonte. 

Dulejfe Broke comythe halfe a myle benethe thisConflucns 
into Dour by the right Ripe. This Broke rifcthc by Weft a 
2. Miles above his Confluence with Dour^ and rennethe 
thrwghe 'Evrs Harald. 
FoT. 84. t. Dour rifeth a litle above Dorfton. Dorfione is a litle VH- 
Dtrfiu. lage about a (>. Miles from Dour Abbay Weft Northe Weft 
rifa dextra. 

Dour 2. Myles byneth Dour Abbay enterith into Jiimn 
by the lift Ripe. There is a Caftell a Mile and more be- 
nethe Dorfton apon the right Ripe of Dour. It is called 
Snothil^ and ther is a Parke wallyd, and a Caftle in it on an 
ma Cdfli. Hill caulled SowthUl, and therby is undar the Caftle a Quar- 
rey of Marble. The Caftle is fomewhat in mine. Ther is a 
Fre Chappell. This Caftle longyd to Chandos. There was 
dyvers of the Chandos in the Grey and Blake Friers ztHerc 
ford. 



«f Ski 

The 



I 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 49 

The Towne of Hereford m Wefi of fum is caullcd in Walcbe fl^M 
Trefawltb of multitude of Beeches, and of fome cauled He- "^ 
reford of an ould Forde by the Caftle of H^tforde. 

The Abbey of Dour foandyd in Kynjge Stefhens Daycs by 
one Robertus EwiaSj fo caullyd bycawfe that he was Lord of 
Parte ofEwias. The Fame goethe that Krnge Harold had a 
Baftard namyd Harald^nd of this Harold Part of Ewis was 
named Ewis Harold. This Baftard had Yflhe Robert Foundar 
of Dour Abbey ; and Robarf had YfTue Robert the a. Robert 
had one Dowghcar caullyd Sibtlle EfPtas^ maried to Sir Robert 
Tregoz a Norman. Robert Tregox, had Iflue Jobm Tregoz. This 
yohn Tregox^ maried Lord Wiliiam CaMteluf^ sDowgbtzr cauly d wSiismOm* 
Julia ^ Siftar to T:homas Cavtilufe^ Byslhopc of Herfarde^^^ P^ 
Chancelar to Henrj the third. jfX 1^ 

John Tregoz, had by Juliam 1. Dowghtars, Clarence maried^S. 
to John Lorde De la Ware^ and SilnUe maried to Guliam de 
Grandefono, 

John De la Ware had by Clarence Nicholas that (one dyed. 
GuiL Graunfon had Feter by Sjbilb. This Feter was bu- 
ried in owr Lady Chapell of the Cathedrall Churche of Here^ 
fordJMxta Thomam de Cantiiupo efifiofum Herefbrden : 
Feter had John and Catarine. 
John Graunfon was Bysihope of Excefier. 
Catarme his Sifter was maried to Ser Guy Briem Lord of 
Theokesbirl. 
Guy Brien had a Doughtar by her maryed to the Lord Fercy. 
The Fame is that the Caftell €^ Maf herald was buildid of ^^ «♦• b. 
Harold afore he was Kynge, and when he ovcrcam the^tff*^ 
Walfche Men Harold gave mis Caftle to his Baftard. Great ^^ 
Parte of Mafheralde Caftell yet ftandinge and a Chapell of 
Seine Nicholas in it. Ther was fumetyme a Parke by the 
Caftell. The Caftle ftondythc on a mene Hill, and on the 
right Banke of Dules Broke hard in the Botom by it. 

There is a Village by the Caftle caullyd Evis Haralde^ in 
the whiche was a Priorie or Cell of 

Blake Monkes tranllatyd from Duleffe Richard BruteLord of Brad^ 
Village a Myle and upper on theBroke. varans. Nobiltt hie Bruci 
Dules Village longed to Harald. Filius fi reauiefiunt ojfa. 
Haraldi foundydthis at Dules. Henricus de Fott alias Bruge. 

Robertas Tregoz, tranflatid it from JohnBruton¥>Si\^tzndh\^ 



< Efte is written above the Line by another Hand, fi Requieflenc 
MS. 

Vo!. 8. G Wyfe, 



?o LELANiyS ITINERARV, 

Wyfe, Faihar to John Brutan DnUs to Idsfheralu It wts a Cell to 
hy^OxQ^toi Hereford^ buried Gl^ceftmr. 

in Dour. T>ego% and Gtaunfin were the laft 

that were Men of any greate Eftima- 
tion that dwellyd in M^heralt. 

John Besuchamp Lady of Berteveny bowght of Dels IFar 
and GraunfoM Mapeberault CaftelT. 

Matild de Bohun Wife to Scr Rotert BumeUe^ Foundar of 

, Blldevois Abbey, ( thowghe fome for the only Gifte of the 

Site of the Howie toke the Bysfhope of Chefier for Founder^) 

was burved in the Presbitery at Dour. 

Theff Uy of GWaldus in his Jtlmrarii mowethe how Harold^ a Sonne 

tbe Btfw/ Qf Js^yngt Harold^ dyd nex the Shores of Watts accompanied 

ls;'^;:i.withthi2^.r«>v^^ 

Sir Robert Ewtas the Foundar, and Robert his Sonne. 

Wittiam Graunfon and Sibil his Wyffe. 

Sir Richard Hompton Lorde of Bakenton halfe a Myle from 
Dour Abbey. 

Caducanus^ fumtyme Bysfhope of BoTtgor^ aitar Monke cS 
Dour^ and there buried, fcrifpt librum omeliarumj, fuem ig0 
vidi. Scrip ft etiam Ktrum u cui titulus. Speculum CHriftiano- 
rum. Obit anno Dom. ivi^. 

The firft Alane$ Lorde of Alanes More. The fecond was 
Lorde of Kilpeke by his Wyfe. 
fd. •/. 1. Sir Roger Clifford the yonear and the elder Lords of Cwh 
terceley and BrotnUefe Caftelle. 

Syr Alane Plokenet Lord of Kilpek Caftle. 

Vltimus Alanus de Ploknet hlc tumulatur. 
Nobilis urbanm vermibvs ejca datttr* 

mumsntis. Waleranes Lords of Kilpek^ fi Doughters ; and Ki^ei ma* 
ried one of the Waleranes Hey res, and had the Caftle. Hdipek 

a^^ji-A^SrX^^^Me^^^^ This >ih,maried one 7^«.bIU 

^'"^f (?.rnVi5Lw Erf^ of H^WDowghtare. 

the Minfter of Hereford. g^ ^^ g^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 

Gundeleus///W regis auftralium Briconum. 

y Gundeleus ex Gladufa uxore Cadocum genuit. 

Gwndelei fexfratres cum eo tanquam principe regjnatani. 



m Intitulus MS. fi Sic in MS. nif quod Donyhters /w 
Doughters habeat. y Gundc MS. 

0H» 



LELANDS ITINERARY. yt 

Oiftt Gundeleus juxta ecclefammiam conftritxerat^ pr^fenfe 
Dubritio ep'^fcofo Landavenfi, ^ Cadoco 4. Cal, Aprilis. 

Griphini regis » milites tempore Gul. fenioris regis Angl. 
Guadeiei eccL ditifiunt. 

JBcc/fftxGundelei J^oUata k militlhus Haraldi tempore Ed- 
wardi Confefforis. 

Ex vita Hfnr'ci Heremitae. 
Henricus Heremita Je Coquet i»fula i Danis fi originem 
Juxit, 

Ex S. HrW-tf vita. 
Hildz fu/s freciius vertit ftrfentes in laf'Jes^fervatafir-' 
fentumfirma. * 

Ex vita Hugonis, 
Anno Dom. 115^. Judaei Lincolnia Hugonem fuerum^ G. i^Ty* 
annos natum^ crucifixerunt. 

Ex vita Yipii. 
Iwius, filius Bravonis, & y Egicus, edvcatvs a Cuthberto 
LindisfariKB, obiit in Minori Brican. Corpus relatum in 4 Ba- 
tiam Wiltoniac yuiefcit. 

Ex vita Jttftintanl marryris. 
Juftinianus natus in Minori Britan. Juftinianus;m>«w/ aJRMmfej 
injulam Lenteneiam, in qua vir Deo devotus ^Wttaxiox^ regis infuia. 
• Thefreanci^Z/Vx, reliSio mundo totum fe deo commendabat. 

Honorius fere^e prbfeBus Lemcneiam injulam Juftiniano 
tradidit. David epijcofus ^ Juftinianum adfe vocat. 

Juftiniani caput i fervis quos aletat amputatum. Ipfe vero 
in fua infula Jepultus efi. 

Ex vita S. Keina, l-oi. 8; b. 

Keina Brethanij&w. Keinewir, ^ideft^ Keina virgo ^-^^.^ „^^ * 
^ locres ubiYMVOi bahitahatferptnlihus t liber at a ^ &ferpentes^'" 
in » laPideSj^fervata etiam firpsntum forma. 

Ecclepa Caine i Danis va/fata. Cadocus materteram fuam 
Keinaih fepelivit* 

Ex vita S. Maglorii. 
Maglorias^ ^^xny a Britannia Majori, ^. Sampfonis ^(7»- 
farsfuit. 

Ex vita S. Melori. 
Melorus^ j!//tf/ Meliani, ducts lACornwhix. Melon f reli- 
quiae tandem Ambresbyriam delata. 



« Milite MS. ^ Origine MS. y SU, d[ An AngJiam > 
% Sic. (^ Juftiniano ilf^. nUfolummodoin MS* )> FJocoq. 
• P. libcravit. » Deeft 'vox vertit, ni fat/or. a htinvuu 
MS. f» Comubia MS. 9 Reliquia MS. 



fi LELAND'S ITINERARY- 

Ex vita Ofwini regis & martyris. 
QidlmiM. In Gedlinge, modo Gillinger vocato^ non ftocul at urk 
Richemondiae//tf, regma Eaafleda, Ofwii regis uxor, & ngk 
Ofwini froflnqua^ In exfiaticttem necss ejus, impetrata a regt 
M Ofwio Iscentia^ monafierium confiruxlt, in quo arationes ij- 
fdue fro regis occip, & ejus qui occidere juffit^ animd: Afdkte 
quotidie domino deberent offerri ; & vtrum de'votum, nomine 
Trumher, nat: Angl. i^otis ordinatum ^ odo^um, regit 
occiji fropinquum, conftituit ahhatem^ qui fofiea fub rege Merc: 
Wulphero in y frovinc : Merc: & mediterr. Angl : efifcofu 
effeBus gentium multitud'tnem adfidem convertit. 

Ctgnobium ad ojiium Tinx flu : j^oliatum (^ dirutum i 
Danis. 

Ex vita S. Taterni epifcopi. 
Paternus natus in Minori Britannia. 
PaterJius monafleria dr ecclefas fer totam Kereticam regto^ 
nemj qua modo diirdigznfhiv voca fur, adificavit. 
LsfiBdtem^ Monoflerium Paterni ProPe urtem. Obiit Paternus li. 
"TK^^ Cal.M. 

witburbcm ^ Ex Vita P^m/. 

mariti- Pctrocus genere Camber. 
num. Petrocus zo. annisftuduit in Hibernia. 

Petrocus Kdra^mfetHt. 

Petrocus Roma reverfus efi adfuum monaficr: in Comubia. 
Petrocus obitt frid. Non/jut\. 

Ex vita S. Richard} epifcopi. 
Richardus faBus efi canceUarius Gantuar : ab Edmundo. 
Richardus j& ef ifiof us CictHrtm Oi^//V Richardus j.jNiwr. 
Aprilis, 
Fol. 1^. 1. Ex vita Roberti abbatis. 

Robertus monachus ^^ountancnfis. 

Robertus pojtea abbas frimus novi monajlerii frofe 
Morepath. 

Ex vita I Thorns Cantelupi. 
Thomas Cantilupus tf/w Guliel : § Cantiluni. 
Meliccnta mater ^ Thomas , qua a comittffa Eboraceofi 
orig. duxtt* 

Ex vita Witlebrordi. 
Wilgis homo « Northumbrorum regionis pater Willebrordi. 

In auftrali infula chori. 
Gul. de Vere epifcopus Hereforden : prafuit ii. annig. Obiit 
lio8. 9* ^^^' Januarii annoDom, 1 198. 



u Ofwi MS. fi Salutem MS. y Privinc. MS. f Thoma 
MS. i Cantilupus MS. ^ Thoma MS. n Northambrorum 
MS. H Dominm 



LEibAND'S ITINERARY. « 

m Domhus Robertus FoUot eptfcofus Hereforden. 

Robertas de Melum [edit fi annts .... tempore Hcnricl 
a. yfilii. Hlc fuitin omnigenere literarum injignlter eruditus. 
ObiH anno Dom, ^1147. ^'47« 

Dominus Robertus i Betune eftfcofus Hereforden. 

Domlnus Reinelmus eftfcofus Hereforden. 

Dominus Richard Maiew eftfcofus Htx^ioxAcn. doSor theo- Rewravic 
logia , re£ior turha Magdalenenfis, archedecon of Oxford^ TaJ^'^ 
Chanfelar of Oxforde , eleimofmarius Henri the 7. frarfutt^'^^*^^ 
Hereforden : eccf: 11. annis ^ amflius. OUtt 8. die April. 
annoDom.l^l6» IJltf. 

In tranfepto occidentali eccl. ad Z auftrum. 

Dominus Joannes Trcfnant eftfcofus Herifordenfis, canon. 
Aflaphenfis, & in camera afofioUca caufarum auditor. 
In tranfepto Occident: ad[ boream. 

Dominus Thomas Chorleton efijcofus Hereforden : Trea- 
furar of England. 

In « Presbiterio. 

Johannes l^ittek dodor of Divinitie, cujus 9- fratcr Tho- 
mas. Trillek fuit eftfcofus Rofenfis, & coadjutor fratri jam 
admodum feni. 

In orient : tranfepto ad boream. 

Richardus de Swinesfeld in Cantia natus^ fucceffit Thomx 
Cantilupo, cujus tefiamenti executor fuit. 
In bor : infula Chori. 

Robertus de Loreine efifcofus Heriforden. 

Dominus Galfridus de Clyve efifcofus Herefordenfis. 

Dominus Hugo de Maegenore « efifcofus Herifordenfis. Fol.85. h. 

Petrus de Ac^ua Sabaudia Francus efifcofus Herefordenfis. 

Dominus iEgidius de Brufa efifcofus Hereforden. 

Johannes Stanbury Carmelita efifcofus Bangorenfis ^. annis ; 
tranjlatus Hereford frafuit ii. annis. Ohiit anno Dom. 1474* 1474* 

Ther is a Bisfliope ot Heriford beried in owr Lady Chapell. 

Petrus de Grandifono miles infacello S. » M^rix fefuitus. 

Edmundus Audeley efifcofus Hereforden : ^ Xfofiea Sa- 
resbir : adjecit faceUum ^ f« cantuar, auftrali f farti faceUt S. 
Mariac. 

The chcfe of the Lord Chorletons Founders of the Grey 
Freres in Skrohheshirie. 



» Domino MS. fi Annis ^. JiGodv/inumfe^uamur. y Sic. 
f 1161. exfoL 78. a. e&* ^^ Godwino, f. 533. • Beture MS. 
I Auftri MS. « Presbiteris MS. 3- Friter MS. $ Epifcopis 
MS. » Marye MS. a Poftia MS. f« Cantur MS. f Parte 

MS. 

In 



J4 LELAND'S ITINERARI?- 

In navi ecclefix. 
Johannes Bruton eflfcopus Hereforden. ^Jios Gardenk 
Dom. regis • 
Gulielmus Deveruex mtlef. 

Carolus Bouth iioSfor legum Bononioe, m arcbidiacanus^' 
ingham, & fl cancettarius wtarcUarum Wallias y tempore Hen- 
ricifrincifis. Bouthe refarMvlt fahtium frum London, w- 
catum Mounthaut, & Bisihop Caftelle, alias Treefcop. 
Pcmbridge miles. 
UtmibMltt. Radulphus Maidefton emit domum de Mounthault London. 
Gul. rorter fr'mo Gard : Novi CoUegii Winton 2 Oxon: 
fofiea canter Hereforden : eccL 

Nomina epifcoporum Hereforden. 

/Portneren Putta ; Truterc, aliai Tirde ; Torhtere ; Walhftode ; Cuth- 

^il^f berht j Podda ; Acca ; Eadda. w/Cedda ; Ealdberth ^ Ceol- 

r^^^*^' mon ; Efne ; Utelth ; Ulthwardc ; Beonna ; Eadwulf ; 

Cuthulf; Mucel; Daeorlath; Cinemund • Eadgar^ Tidclm; 

Thulfylin ; Thulfric ; Adulf ; Adeftan ; Tremerin ; Lcofe- 

gar i Aldred ; Walter ; Rodbertus dc Loregon ; Girardus^ 

mui fofiea archiefijcopus £bor. Malmesbirienm mc hUreJttH 

Rogerum Lardanum eUBum tantum Herforden. Rcinclmus 

frnaator i ecclefue Htrelordcn. Gaufridus de Cliva j Richar- 

Fol. 87. a. dusdeCapella; J Rodbertus dc Betunia ; GilbertusdcFoliot; 

Robertas de Melun ; Robertas Foliot ; Gul. de Vcr ; ^gi- 

***^»w dius de Breofa ; Hugo de Napenor ; Hugo Foliot ^ RaduK 

1t4»«^^ phus de Maidcnftan ; Petrus de Aqua Blaaca ; Joannes le 

MM. creton ; Thomas de Cantilupo ; Richard de Swinesfeld ; A- 

dam de Orleton, natifs in Hereforde ; Thomas dc Charlctonj 

Joannes Trillek J Ludovicus Chorieton. 

Hugo de Foliot epifeofus Hereford eonfirmxit bofiitale 5. 
Catarina* aput Ledebu;iey qua rnn multum dtfiat i moatihu 
Malvemias. 

Palatia epifcopi Herforden. 
Sitppas a flite Shot, or more, of F^Ryver on the Kfte Ripe 
of it %. Miles dim. It ftondithe in the Roots of an Htll«; 
and a Park by it now without Dere. Cefwel Park longed to 
the Bysfliope of Hereford by 3- Malvern Chace, and a PcCc 
of 3- Malvern is the Bysfliops, fro the Creft ot the HiU, as 
it aperithe by a Dyche. 
Bosberie x. Miles by North Eft from Hereford at the Head 



« Archideaconus -My. /8 Camcillarius 31?. y Tempori 
Henrico princcps MS. t Sic. • Ecclefia MS. ^ Rodbcrti 
MS. n Poftia Fracifcanus MS. 3- Malvenn MS. 

of 



LELAND'S LTINERARY. jf 

of LeJon Reveret, and therby is a Place longginge to Scint 
yohn's in London cauUid Ufleaon, 

Gul. Vtr epifcopus^ ut fatet ex ejus « efttaphio^ multa egre* 
gia conftruxit wJificia, 

Whithurne 7. Miles from Wonefter. It is in the very ex- 
treme Parte of Htrefrrdejbire on the right Banke of Temde 
Ryver. 

Johannes fillus Alani, Deminus de Arundel, cepst Byflbps 
Callell , ^ confiahularium /8 cajlri fide dsta mterfecit amt^ 
r^ni 45. Henri ci 3. ^ y inde tenult fene 6. amux. 

There was afaire Manfion Place for theBysfliope at Led" 
hyrl xii. Miles by EftNorthe Eft from Hireford^ and vii. 
Myles or more from :RoJfe. This Hous is all in Ruyne. 
Tne convia Prifon for the Bysfliope oi Hertford was at Roffe^ 
now at Herefcrd, 

Rojfe at the veri Weft End of theParoche Churchc Yarde 
of Rojfe^ now in clcne Ruynes. 

By sf hops Caftle a ag. Miles by North Northe Weft from 
Hereford in Shropjbjre. It is xii. Miles from StrowsUrie. 

Vre^ebyrl %. Miles from Glecejier hard by Cltfe. Ther is Fol87.b; 
a Parke hard by Vreftebyn. 

Joannes le Breton epifcopus Hereforden. fult alijf/sstto 
tempore vice-comes Hereford : cufios maner : de Abergeveucy^ 
e^ trium cafroritm. 

Breton eptfcopus cufios Garderohe domlni 4 Tegts. 

Kilpek Caftelle a 5. Mils from Hereford by SoutheWeft 
very nighe Worne Brooke. 

Sura Kuines of the WauUs yet ftonde. Ther was a Priorie 
of Blake Monks fuppreflyd m Thomas Spofford's Bysfhope of 
H^ord^s tyme. and clerly unitid toQlocefier. 

The Priory ftood from the Caftle a Quartar of a Myle. 

The Fathar of ThomMS CMntelupe By (hope of Hetford was 
Senefhall of England^ and his Motbar Mellcent was Countis 
of Eh^oice in Normandie, 

Wdlterus Uncle by Father to Thomas Cantelupe Bysfhope 
was Bysihope oiWorcefiar^ and gave Beneiicis to Thomas his 
Nephew aftar Bysihope of Hernord^ and to Hughe Cantilupe^ 
Thomas Brc^her Archideacon otGlocefiar. 

Ex vita Etbelierti % martyris autore Giraldo ^ Cam^ 
trenfi Caqonico Herifordenji. 

n AthelbertuSj Adelredi ir^/xOrientalium Anglorum////tf 

iiEpitaphiaJW;^. fiQz&MS. y In detinuit -W^. 4Rcge 
MS. • Piarxi MS» C Cambrenfis Canonice Herifordenfi 
MS. n Athelbertus Delredi regs Orientali Angli filio MS. 

& 



,6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

^ Leoverinx ftgtna. §ui ^ tpfi. atavis ei:ti regies n 
Orient. Saxo: regali frofafia^ Ana^ m vide/icet Rnniji/h^ & 
Ethcldredx virginis fatre^ Adelhero & Athelwaldo, Acfulfo 
& Alfwoldo, quos fi Beda in Angl. y hifiaris commemaraf. 

Ethclbertus unicus heres Adelredi regis. 

Guerro comes JolicHat Ethelbertum de uxore dueenda^ vide- 
//Ve/ Seledriada Egeonis aufiralis Bvitznnix regis fiUa. 

Egeoa rex infidelis ^ Adelredo Ethelberti patrt. 

Terrai^motus denotavlt defolatiomm reg^ Ab obitu etm 
Ethelberti multts annis fub reguHs it tyramtis mJ regis • Ed- 
mundi temfora duravit. 

Atftrida { Offe filia apfaratum Ethelberti ad n OflFam vt- 
mentis coUaudat. 
Cfimhirtus Ethelbertus occtfus confilio uxoris ^ Ofix i Grimberto/nv/- 
«*>"««*" //^r; I Ofix 13. Call. Junii. 

fS?U. Alfrida •filia 1 Offiae Anachoreta faSa apud Croiknde. 
Fol, S8. a. OSipr^cepit corpus Ethelberti cum capite occulte fepelsri » 
ripaflu : iiuod Lugge dicitur. 

In loco prima Jcpultura nunc efi ecclefia far^cbialis it 
Maurdine in finifira ripa Luge flu. 4* miUtbus a patffuum A 
Herefordia. 

CafteUum de Kinggett Southton non longe dlftat i Maor- 
diae^ ut neaue i Lug^a. Extant ad hue ufque 'oefiigia f< bujns 
cafirt^ ubi OfBi rex convenit Ethelbenum. Nunc appeUantw 
Southtoua WauUs. 

Offa peenitentia faSi duSus Romam petit. 

Ethelbertus Brichtrico pr^diviti viro noSe afparuity pra-^ 
eipiens ei ut corpus fuum effojfum ad locum qui Status waie ir- 
cebatur $fferret^ ^ juxta monafterium eodem in loco fitum it- 
lud cum honor e reconderet. Egmuadus y^ciirx Brichtrici im trasf- 
ferendo corpore Ethelberti. Et Jic procedentes uPpte ad locum 
prafignatum ibidem corpus fanBtffimi honorifice Jefelieruut ^ h 
loco videlicet qui Aaglice Fernlega, Latine interpretaium faltus 
filicis dicebatur ; noftris vero diebus i comprovinciaHius Here- 
fordia nuncupatur, 
VLUfridus Milefridus Merc, rex fanSitatem viri dei fama ^ulgaate 
Utrc, cognovit , qui ^ quendam epifcopum fuum virum fanSnm ad 
locum deflinavlt^ jubens de morte martyr : ^ cauffa cognofcere* 

Milefridus quanquam id temporis tn 9 remotis regmijui par- 
tibus ageret, tranfmijja ad locum eundem pecunia mu/ta eccle- 

« Videlicit MS. fi Bed? MS. y Hiftorie MS. di Adc- 
redo Atherberti MS, % Edmundy MS. ? OflFa MS. n OHk 
yenientes MS. ^ OflFa MS. 1 OflFa MS. » Leg. jM*. 
A Paffis MS. f« Hucus MS. f Remotus MS. 

from 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. ^^ 

frnm fgregiam lafldea mfiruSufa ad^ laudem martjris i funda- 
mentis inceftt^ fr'tmuffue regum omnium eodem efsjcofum in loco 
-eonftituens ^ ecclefiam tandem cathedrali Mgnitate fuhlii^avit. 
TVrris quoque y flurimis ^fr^Mis nmfRs^ fattih 4 holofericis 
^ omamentis egregi/Sj regia quoad vixh mnntficentia Mtare 
qutdem ac dotare nan cejfavit. 

Egfridus, i OSst regis filius^ vixfer annum ^ centum qua^ 
draginta dies fro fatre regnavit. 

Unde ^ huic nofira fagtna quod Afler hifioricus^ ( verax 
relator gefiorum regis n AlfredL de hac generatione ferverfa 'olW.fc; 
conferiffity eifdem interferere verbs non indignum refutavi. 

Edwinus, virfotens in finibus Lcdburie ^ ^montihts Go* 
merici, liheratus ^paralyft </f ^// Ledburiam ^rr/.Herefordenfi. 
Ledburie North ^ Bisfhops Caftell idem manerium^ ^inan* 
tiquis t ckartis nomiTtatio efi caftri de Ledburie. 

OfFa rex terras flurimas circa Herefordam, martjri contulit. 
Efi vicus in « Orientalium SzionMmfrovincia^ cut nomen Bel- 
lus Campus interfretatio dedit^ in cujmpradio antiquitus lignea 
qkiedam eft tafilica in honorem A Ethelberti martyris. 

Ex vita Ethelterti martyr : autore Osierto de Claro, monacho 
Weftmonafter. ad Giflebertum Hereforden. epifcopum. 

Anna^ Ethelredus, Ethel waldus^fr^/r^y & reges Eft Anglo- 
rum. Adelherus rex ex Herefwida forore S. /a Hilda: genui$ 
Aldulphum & Alfwodum. 

Adelherus rex una cum Penda rege in teHo interfeSfus ab 
Ofwio reze Northumbriae. 

Aldulpnusy»f^i5^f fatri in reg* Succeffit Aldulpho Alfwol- 
dus ejus frater in regno. 

Berno de f [anguine Alfweddi rex Eft Anglorum. *^^ '«?; 

Succefft ejusjilius Adelredus. Succeffit Adelredo Ethelbertus 
ejusfilius^ fojtea martyr. 

Sdedndzyfilia & heres E^eonis mortui I regis ^ in auftrali^ 
ius Majoris Britannix partibus deftinata k Guerrone confuU 
• tboro Ethelberti, [ed Ethelbertus eam recufavit. 

Ethelbertus venit in reg : Merciorum ad vicum regium^ qui 
villa auftralis dicitur. S«MthSiM9m 



«- Stradura MS. $ Ecclefie eadem cathedri dignit : MS. 
y Plurimus MS. di Holofericus & ornamentus MS. • OflFa 
MS. { Veraxii MS. n Alfredus MS. 3- Monts MS. 
# Caftris MS. » Orientem Saxonum propitia^iWy. a Ethel- 
berry MS. f« Hilda MS. » Saguine MS. I Reges MS. 
a Thors MS. 

Vol. 8^ H Qodefcaleus 



5g LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

Godefcaleus miles^ in cujus temtario Ethelberti WMrtjfk 

eccl : fuerst avtiqua fabricMttone conthuBa. 

Pom Htn- Font faSm fufer Vagam afud Herefordiam tempore Hen* 

/•rdinpu rici j^ fpj^ ^^gf m ifffpetimte & fits eleemofinam ad tarn ntiU 

Fol. 89. a. of Hi fi trogautiitis. Fa&a bac fartim confilie domhti Rich&rdi 

efifcofi Herefordenfis, quifraceffit Roberto Betune efifceft^ 

CHTBteres oferis aut fontrfiees frimo Alduinusde Malveroia, 

deinde Aldredus mtinachus^ fofireme Alvericus. 

Lt folo y namjue ecclefi^ ^ Norwicenfis epifcopio flares 
fitam 04. ecelijia % fanSo Ethelberto ( martyrl antifmtm 
H dedicaSa. 

Ex vita Roterti de Betune epifcopi Herefurdem : 3- au Aore 
Gtf/* Priore Lantonenfi 1 ad Reginsldum Weneloke^ 

Robertas Betunenfis ex mtlitari frofafia orig. dnxiu 

Gunfridus fneceftor drfrater Roberti. 

Hatyra mons frofe Lannondeny moMsfieri : Waullix. 

Robertus )& canonicus afud Lanhondeni in Wallia. 

Hugo de Laceio »fundator i^'faProwts ecel: Lanhondenen: 
in A WauUia motiens fefultus efi afud Wibeleiam im farU 
fundi quam in extremis agens eccl: donaverat. 

Cum dejlvtjfent fr aires locum religianis sii fundare mijfws efi 
Robertus tanquam oferis procurator. . 

Ermfius Prior Lanhondenenfis j& anachoreta^ dr ei in Pti- 
Qi^XMfucceffit Robertus. 

Robertus frocurantihus Pagano, filio Joannis, ^ Milooe 
Conftahulario^ ah Henrico rege fit efifcofus Hereforden : quo 
tempore vacaverat fedes quinque annis, 

Radulphus decanus Herefordenfis adverfatatur Roberto 
efifcofo Hereford : Canonici f* Lanhondenenfes fenoel stque 
iterum ffoliati tern fore regis Stephani. 

Robertus adfe accerfivit w conventum Canon : ( Lanhonden- 
fium , & allquanto tempore in fuis adihm aluit. • Interim 
quajivit ^ invenit eh locum «r haUtationis afud G\oct&nm 
Jui Miione Confiabulario, 

Exfenfas dedtt ad adtficandum. Secundo anno tranftulit HBuc 



m In perante MS. fi Erogatibus MS. y Nanque MS. 
J" F. Herefordenfis epifcopi. 1 Sadlo MS. X^ Martii MS. 
% Dedicatis MS. 3- Audtor MS* « Alias ad Henricum 
epifcopum Winton : in or a Codicis. » Fondator MS., 
A WauUio MS. ^ Hanhondenenfes feme acque iteniJtff. 
• Coventum ilf6\ X Hanhondenfiumitf^. • Inter inquefti- 
vit MS. %f Habitatioris MS. 

eosm^emtom. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 59 

cdm^entum. Ad fufpUmentum quojiue fulfidli dedit its eccl : 
duM Frome ir Breftebyri. 

Robertas efifcopus eccUfia ^ fojfejjionihus ad temfufculum 
ffoliatus. 

Epifcopus Robertus cum face reftttuta in fua redlj^et tccle^ 
Jiamjuamreformavit^ hpfiica de foris muniminta dlmtt^ cUrum 
difperfum revocavit, 

Venit ad Robertum conventus unus fratrum defolatorum nU" Fo^- *P« ^ 
mero 20. quos maledlBio Jterills terra de mfecejju nemoris fofi 
quinquennium expulerat. 

oliit Robertus epifcopus in Remenfi urbe^ eo ad concilium 
vacatusy quod Eugenius pontifex Ro, ihldem celebrahat. 

Odo Remenfis ahhas^ kofpes Robert! efifiopi. Corpus /S Ro- 
berci relatum Herefordani, ^ ibidem Jepultum in ecclefiajua^ 
quam Ipfe mult a y inpenfa ^ folicltudlne cofifummavlt. 

Cle milf. 

Cle Hills be holy in Shropjhlre. Ttnde River devidethe them 
from fume Parte o( JVorcefierJhlre^ but from Shop/hire by the 
more Parte of the Ripe. 

No great Plenty of Wood in Cle HlUs^ yet ther is fufEcient 
Bruflie Wood. Plenty of ^ Cole Yerth Stone nether exced- 
inge good for Lyme, whereof there they make muche and 
ferve the Contre about. Cle Hltts cum within a j. good Myles 
oi Ludlow. The Village ofClehyrl ftandythe in the Rootes cubtrj. 
by Eft of Cle HiUs 7. Myles from Ludlov in the Way to 
Beaudeley. There was a Caftle in Cleherle nighe the Churche 
by Northe. The Plote is yet cawled The CafieU Dike. There 
be no Market Townes in Cle mOs. 

The higheft Parte of Cle HiBs is cawlyd Tjderfione. In it is 
a fayre playne Grene, and a Fountayne in it. There is ano- 
thar Hill a 2. Miles diftaunt from it caulyd The Browne Cle. 
There is a Chace for Deare. Ther is anothar cawllyd Cader^ 
ton's Cle^ and ther be many Hethe Cokks, and a Broker, 
caulyd MiBe Brokcet^ fpringethe in it, and attar goithe into a 
Broker cauled Rhe^ and Rhe into Tende by neth Tende Bridge. 
There be fome Bio Shopps to make Yren apon the Ripes or 
Bankes of Mylbroke^ comynge out of Caderton Cle or Cajfet 
Wood. 

Ex regiftro quodam. 

Fowelppe manerium domlni Richardi de Chaundos. 

Frekenda de Whitington. 

Affcheton Boterel. 



ti Selceffu MS. fi Rob^rty MS. y Sic. ^ Sic. 

H z Ecclejia 



So LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

EceleSs S. Cntcis de Acornbyrie. Cmtmna Regml: de m At- 
t^h Wigmore, filia S. Vidoris fi Barifienfis. 

FoL^i. Nomina Monaftcr: Herfirdem: diccc. 

Mtj9r y ecclefs Herefbrdenfis. 

Fri9r: S. Guthlaci ^ Herifordenfis. 

^hatla C^moM. de Wigmore. 

Frior: Jlf Wcnloke Clun : 9rdi 

Trier', Leonminftre. 

Triw : de Chireburie. Cmmom. 

Friar : Canan : de Wormefley. 

• Ahbat: de Dowre Cifterc : Oftd: 

Z Ahhn, : de Flexley m Farefta de Dene. 

MonUles de Acornbyri. 

Moniales de Lingebroke. 

Frier: de CliflTord, Clun. 

Frimr : de « Kilpek. 

Frioratm de Newente. 

Frier: i/^ Bromefeld. 

Frier: de Alberbury. Grandimontenfes. 

Dudelebyri an Howfe of Grandimontenfes in Comedaltj now 
unitid to the Churche of Hcteferde. 

Acle lyra maner, Friorls de Lyra in Normannia ceUuls. 
Fuit iU tantum cafeUa. Acle 4. Mile from Hereford: ver[m 
Bromyard. 

Nuba ecciefia coUegiata facerdotum in Ditfceji Hereforden: 
fr^erquam Herefordia. 

CafteU From apon From Ry ver. From commythe into Luge 
fifajmijlra^ about a Myle above Mordeford Bridge. 

Limites Dioecefis Herford. 

Herefordfliere 9- integer, 

Bt fmrs de Shrobbefhir uhue admed: Tam^* : frofe efr 
fidnm Shrobbesbyri : ^fore/fa de Dene in com : « Gloceftriac. 

CafieUum Richardi a i. Miles from Ludlow by Sowthe, 
where is a Paroche Churche of the fame Name by it. The 
Caftle ftandythe on an HiJJ. It is about a Myle dim. from the 
right Ripe of Temde. It was the Lord Faulx lately^ Fofe 
bowght It. Now the Kyng's. 

Ecclefi: farocbialis » Caftri^e Ifabella. 



N 



u Abbatie MS. fi Sic. y Ecclefie MS. dl Herifordcnfcs 
MS. • Abbot : MS. K Abbo : MS. « KiLyek MS. ^ In- 
tcgrc MS. I Gloccftria MS. • Sic. 



Ex 



I 



LELANiyS itinerary; 6x 

Ex libcllo incerti autoris de comita- Fol.^.b: 

tibus, epifcopatibus & monafteriis Autor erat in Cantia natus. 

.AngUa. Jam comperi ipfum GervM' 

Gervafius monachus Cantuar : fcrlppt fitm hoc opufculum fcriDlifie 
fr^ter Chrowcon^ ofufculum de regilus poftquam abfolverat hiftori- 
Angliae, ^ archiepijiopis Cantuar. am , quam fcripfit de regi- 

Anglia habens 34. Snires olim hatult bus^flf^/r^jSCAarchiepifcopis 
tantum 32. Ad legem Weft-Sax. perti- Cantuar. 
mebant 9. ad legem Merc. 9. ad legem 
Danorum 9. 

Domus religiofas in Cantia. 

Archiepsfcopatus uU eecl. S. Trinitatis. 

Roveceftre, S. fi Andresc. 

Ahhatla y SanBi Auguftini. 

Ahbatia Feverfham S. Salvatms. 

Abbatia Boxley Monachi albi, 

Ahbat. Lefhes S. Thomas. Cantm. nigri. 

Ahbat. Coumbwelle, Mar. t Magdalen. 

Abbat. Lagdon S. Ma. & S. Thomx. Canon, albi. 

Abbat. Bradefde S. Radegundis< 

Mallynge S. Marias. Manial. mgra. 

Trior : Dover S. Martini. 

Prhr: Horton S. Evang. 

Friar I Folkftan S. Marias. 

Prior: Lewefliam. Mon. nigri. 

Trior: S. Gregory. 

Trior: Ledes. ^. Nichol: Can. nigri. 

Trior: S. tSepulchri. 

Trior: Shepey, ^.Marias. 

Prior: Blakwafe, ? S. Nicol dh Can. albi. 

Prior: Lillcchirch, S. Mar. Mon. « nigri. 

Prior: Daventre, S. Marias. Mon. 9- nigre^ 

i Hofpitale S. Gregoriij S. Lawrence, S. Thomas Dovor, 
^.Joannis /» BlekbaEechilde, Ro£Fe. 

» Aqua dukes in Cantia. Stura Brooke, a Derent, aqua 
de Bregge, aqua J^Efpringe, aqua de Cray. 

In South-Sax. 
Ahbat : de Otteham, $. Laurentii. Can. albi. 



ek Archiepifcopus MS. fi Andrea MS. y Saint M^ 
> Magdallcn. MS. • Sepulchre MS. ? Sic in MS. An S. 
Michaclis. Can. albi ? « Nigre MS. 3- Sie. * Hofpitalis 
MS. « Aqua dalees ilfy. A Derent, nuncforfanDerte, in 
marg. i ma»u Stovei. r 

Prior: 



€% LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Prior: ArundcU, if^. Nicolas. Mimschimgru 
VbLfr.a; Frl9ri Atefclcj ^. Petri. Monachlnigrh 

Friar: Boregrave. 5. Martini. Mon.nigri, 
Tortington, S. Nlariae ^ Magdalenx. Can. nigru 
Prior: Haftings, ^. Trinitatis. Cau^mgri. 
Prior: Remfted. MoniaUs y mgnc. 
Prior: Lulleminftef. ^ Moniales nigr^» 
Prior: Rofoere. Moniales % nigra. 

Decanatus Stening : Clerici Secul. Hesitate 5. Jacobi : /r- 
frofi Ciceftriae. HaUng infula. 

Aqua dulces in Soutn-Sex : Limene, Medeway, Ichene, 
Chiern, aqua de Kneppe, aqua de Bradeham. Cafile st Bodiam. 

la Southreia* 

r^i^ ^^^^^' Horflege. Moniales Z ^iS''^^ 
frM' Gofeforde cafteUum^ Blechinlegen. Aqua dulces : Emcne 
^dXd,-/i:i.Wayes. ^ c u . qu- 

cuildrd. In Southampton-Shire. 

Ahbat : de Quarraria in Wight. 

Prior: de Cairbroke, i^dem. 

Prior: de HamelJ, n SanSi Andreae. Monachi Grifei. 

Prior: Brumor. 

Lichene aqua dulcis. 

la Barkfhire. 

Prior: Hame. Monialet nigra. 
Prior: Bromhaul. Monial : nigra. 
Prior: ^^ Poyhele. ^. Marg. Can. nigri. 
UoAitalia S. Joannis afud Abingdon, ^ S. Joannis afui 
Walhngford, & S. Bartolemewi^WNewbyri. 

In Wiltfliirc. 

Ahiat : Staniege, S. Mar. Monacbi alii. 

Prior: Fernlege. Monachi nigri. 

Prior: Briontune. Can. nigri. 

Prior: Bromhore, S. Mar. & S. Mich: Com. nigri. 

^ Hofpitale de Bradelege, S. Marias Magda. lefrop. 

In Dorfetfliire. 
Prior : Cameflern, Moniales nigra. 



« S. Nicollas. Monnachi nigri MS. $ Magdelini -W. 
y Nigri MS. ^ Moniali nigri MS. • Nigri MS. L Nigri 
MS. n Seint Andre MS. 3- Hofpitali MS. 

In 



1 



LELANDS ITINERARY. »j 

In Sumerfetflien P0L91.W 

Prior : Stoke, S, Andrex. Monachl nign\ 
Prior : Bearew, S. m Maria". Monmcha ni^ra. 
Atjuie dukes : Bcdrer, Fenifle, Aven, Bnn. 

In Devonfhir. 
AUat: Bukfefter. 

Prior : Cuich, S. Andrese. Monachi nigrl de Becco extra 
Exceftre. 

Prior : Berneftaple. 

Prior: Plintune. 

Prior : Berdlefcombe. Can. nigri. 

In Cornwalle. 
Prior ; Tywardraith. Mon : nigra de Anglers. 
Prtor ; S. Cyriaci. Mon : nigri* 
Prior : S. Antonii. Mon : nigri de Anglers. 
Prior: S. Mariae del Val. Mon: nigri de Angers. 
Prior : S. Nicolai, Core in Sylley. 

In Eft-Sax. 
j^i^at : Chic, Petri, Paul : & S. Ofithac. 
Prtoratus Ginge-Heftan, vulgo Ingerftonc. 
Aqua dulces : Heaghbridge, Hobridge. Stura /ir. dhidit 
Eft-Sax a Southfolke. Ajua fifalfa^ y Huolne. 

In Midlefex. 
Prior: Keleburne. 

In Southfolke. 
Ahbati Sibbetune. 

Prior : de Eia, S. Petri. Mon : mgri de Berney* 
Prior : Clara vel Stoke, S. Joan. Mon. nigri de Becco. 
Prior: ^fWangford, Monacti nigri. 
Prior : Romburgh, S. Mich. 

Prior : Suthbyri, S. Barptol : Mon : nigri de Weftminfter. 
Prior : Waulton, S. Felicis. Mon : nigri de Roffa. 
Prior : Leiftune, S. Marise. Can. alii Liegate Caftell. UttM 

In Northfolke. ^'* 

Prior : HorCham, S. Fidis. Mon : nigri de Conchis. 
Prior : Wirham, S. Winwalte. Mon : nigri de Muftercll.' 
Prior: Welfingham. -. . ,^ 

Prior: Cogesforde. Fol.9i,t- 



• Deefi in MS. fi Salva MS. y Ulna. flu. in marg. 

la 



<4 LELAND'S ITINERARY; 

In Grancebrigdhire. 
Prior: Suavelhith. Monimgri. 
Prior : Swaf ham. JMonach : nigru 
Caflellum de Herwoydi. 
outeuuii. In Lincolnfliire* 

jibhat: Brunne. 
Ahhat: Simplingham. 
Aybat\ Heverholme. 

Akbat: Sixle, ^.Marias. Cam: Ml ^ mamales. 
uitbat: Bulingtune. Can: albi^m^msles, 
uAbhat: Tupcholme. 
fiAUat. Scikeweld. 
Prior: y Grifctum. 
Prior: Torholme. Can: nigri. 
jihbat : Cattelev • Can. albi & momales, 
CafteUum de Clitord. 
Caflellum deSmnefhcyed. 

In LeirceffreQiire. 
Prior : Bcrcwedune. Can. nigri. 
Prior': ^ Calc : Can : nigri. 
Prior: Ofuluefhine. Can: nigri. 
Prior : Stane. Moniales • nigr£. 

In Northamtunfliire, 
Abbat : Bihefden, S. Marix. Mon : albi. 
C Abbot : de Witnery. Mon. nigri. 
Prior : LuflFeld, S. Mariae. n Monachi nigrh 
Prior : Caceby, novus locm momalium de Semperhingham. 
Hofpitale ^. Toannis de Northampton. 
CaJieU: de Alderington. 

In Hertfordfliire, 
Prior : de Bello loco. Mon : nigri. 
Prior : Chille. Mon : nigra. 
Prior: Chiltre. Mon: nigri. 

In Bedfordfhire. 
Abbat: Heleneftoke, S. Marias. Mon: nigrL 
FoL^Lb. Prior: Hanwood, S. 9- Petri. Mon: ^fgTJ. 

Prior : Beauliu, ^.Marias Magda. Monachi nigri de S. Albana 
Prior : de Prato. S. Marias. Mon : nigri S. Albani. 
Hoffitale de Bediford, S. Joannis Baptiftas. 

In Bukynghamfhire. 
Abbat: i/ff Paretrefdeme. 
Abbat : de Lavendene. Can ; albi. 



n Abbot : MS. fi Abbot.: MS. y Sic. f Sic. i Nigri 
iiS. C Abbot: MS. # Manachi MS. 9- Pctaritfy, 



1 



Prior: 



LELANiyS ITINERART. ^T 

Trior: i*^ Bradewelle^ ^.Mariae. Mon: ntgri. 
Hoffttale de Buckyngham, S, Joannis. 
Laundene CafieUt^ Hamflepe CafieUe. 

In Oxfordfhire. 
Abbat: Briwere. 
Trior: Coges. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Nortune. Can: nigri* 
Trior: Garingey, S. Mariae. Mon: nigrh 
Trior: Brakeley, S. Mariae. Can: nigri. 
Hoffttale de Noitune. 
CaJhUum de Bukeby. Caftettum de Darington. 

In Wireceftrelhire. 
Trior: Elnecefter. Can: nigri. 
Prior : Cochelle. Mon : alba, 
Hoffttale S. Ofwaldi. 

In Herefordfhire. 
Prior : Bertune. Mon : nigri. 

Trior: Monemuth, . 5. Mariae, c&* Florentii. Mon: nigrt. 
Hoffiialia: Bertune, Salopesbyri, Bruge. 
CafieOurn. Cuncin, Blancmifter. 
P/uvit\ Time, Mele, Blodwelle, Cunct. 

£x vita Aidant abbatis, autore incerto. Qock rell-; 

qua folio 
Sedia ex regione ConnaAorum, ii fater S, Aidi, ^e Afdani. »'co fdb*^ 
Venit fi Aidanus ex Hibe Aia in Bntan. adS.D^vid efifcofnm. ^"cnti, 

Bcdz fcrif f t vitam Aidzm pontif: Lindifam. 

£x vita S. Albani. PoL p^, a^; 

Heraclius quidam miles cacus oculis refttMm frecibw Aibani 
martyris. Tafus efi Albanus lo. CaL Jiu. anno Dom. i8(f. aStf. 

Anno Dom. 713. Offa rfxMerc : tranflulit f^;yw 5. Aibani, 713, 
C&* monafterium in ejus gratiam conftruxit. 

Anno Dom. 914. regnante Ethelftano Dani ruftofcrinio re- 
liquias S. Aibani in Daniam ad monafter. Owenfe tranftule^ 
runt^ & aliquandiu ibi fen^averunt donee Egwinus monacbm 
S. Aibani in Angliam/>/9 furto reduxiu 

Reliquia S. AiDani ob metum tranjlata in Ely infulam anssQ 
Dom. 1066^. 

Dubium num temiferint Helienfes vera ojfa Aibani. 

Herbertus Duke & y miles. 



m Patre MS. fi Aidani MS. y Myles MS. 
Vol.8. I Ex 



66 LELAND'5 ITINERARY. 

Ex vita Aldelmi. 
700. ^^^^' Aldelmus anno Pom- 709. aS anno m g./aQns ^ n^ 
ias Maildunenf. ^^ & fi eftfcof. fui anno 4. ^o»fere pajfuun 
milihus Mailduno. Tranflatum efi corfui Aldelmi anno Dm. 
949. 

Ex vita j^redi abbatis. 
Alredus attas de Renesby, pofiea Rievallenfis aUas. 
Alredus firhfif vitam Davidis ugts ^cocias, ^ vitam Ed- 
ward! Conrefloris^ yMar^retas redn/^ Scotise^ 2%. omelias 
fufer onus Babilonis in Efaiam, ;{• Iwros de ffiritnaii amUit'u^ 
de natura anima ^ quantitate &futtiUtate litros a. Multm 
fuofuefcrifjit efiftolas. 

Ex vita Amphihali, 
Amphibalu* Verolamii ftageUatus^ foftea 4 jaSn lafiJnm 
oecifus. 

Amphibali corpus a quddam • Chrifiiano uSe ahlatum^ m 
tfefuhum k Roberto nmnine fleteis vlBa S. Albani ]^ 
Kadeburne, 3. vico Albani n miliarHus^ iwuontum eft. 
Fol. 9}. b. £^ yica jinfo/mi arcbiepifcopi CanSuari: 

Anfelmus ex noMihs farentibus in Auguftana esvitate Ai- 
ipixxm natus. Monackus'BGiXQTA'&fifHiQTWmoahtmte. Anfel- 
mus d- invitatus a^ t Hpgone comity Qbeftreafi vemit im » An- 
gliam. Exulat ah An^l. Anfelmus. 

Ex vita S. Audoh'ni archiepifcopi RothomMg. 
A fl$/t^iH^ Audqieiu tranJlaU in fi Angliam ten^are Ed- 

Ex vita V Barptolomei Monacbi. 

Barptolomeji* ex provincia Whiteby ortut. 

Barptolemeus Norwegiam£^///V. 

Barptolemeus j& monaehm Dunelmenfis, ^ ( pc^m Prior. 

P^rpcolemi^s oUisin infulaV^mt^ : # Hat iufnk$m Famen- 
fem v^ufta Ungaiiit4$ w quadam frohikens aves in caluro fM 
^VC$ 5- Qixih^b^nhiaiincolis appeUantur. Ten^p^outd'^ ^' ' 
iU conventunt, ^ tant^ manfuituifyus i gram i Ufij 
pfjpd^j Ht i>unsancs contaafts & s^eSus mam mI 
^Ifotm amam- Secns r altaro qusedam ovk fu^aHfK wUkfyM 
m Udere pTitfumit. Ovafiii ^ cg^it hoJp$$ihts frMfre^ at 



m P. quo faftus eft. fi Epiocop : fin MS, y Margirect 
regina 3^oti|i MS. dt Jadum MS. • Ckriftiftnut JlfS. 
i Sepitum MS. n Miiitaris MS. d- Invitata MS. t Sic 
n Auglia MS. A Reliquia MS, ft Anglic MS. 9 Barpto- 
lome monachus MS. | Poftia MS. • P. banc, w F. qu«- 
dam perbibqit ave$ incolere, quse aves. c ^* gratiam. 
r L. altare. 



LELANiyS ITINERARY- tf? 

fonunt. Cum mafiuih in aquofi ^iStm aves iUa qu£runt» 
TyU't cum creantuf matrei fepunhtr^ dr fotrlas nuimfmel r»- 
grejfi ad nidos non revertuntur. 

Ex vita S. BenignL 

Benignus reiiHa Hibcraia Glafconiam venh. 

Anno Dom. 1 091. franfiaim fuin relifuia Betdgoi Glaf-« 
coniam. 

Ex vita Bemaet epifcopi. 

Bernacus Remain/^///, Jemde Minorem Britaittiiant. 

Bernacus venit /»Dcmcticam provinc. tdifi^ Southe Wals. 
Obiit f.Id. • Apfilis. 

Ex vita /8 Birmi epifcopi. 

Birinus in Britanniam ah Henrico /^«r ; fto : mffhi^ 

Birinus apflkutt apnd y Occident : Saxoite$. Fo^ 94* «• 

Birinus Kinegilfum regem I Weft-Saxonurti, ^ Ofwaldum 
regem NorthumSr : § haptizavit, 

Kynegilfus rffrf/VDorchefter S. Bifino- 

Birinus anno Dont, 6^<!, Canon: T^ fccutares infiituii afni . 6^%m 
Dorcheftar. Sedes tranflata i DorcHcfter Lincolniam fer 
Remiffium efifcopmn. 

n Alexander epifcopus Lincolne inftituit Can^: reguldref 
apud Dorchefter. Ohtit Birinus j . l^tmas Decembsrr. 
Ex vita Bonifac$i epifcopi. 

Bonifecius fi monachm in Exanceftre, cr poflea fetiit Hoot- 
fcel monajfer : uK veneraBiUs Wiiibcrtus aBBas pafittt. 

Bonifecius Thuringiam ff//>, & poflea infnfLzfaSnf ad* 
jntor Willebrordi epiji&pi. 

Bodifacius Saxones o" Heflbs petit. Bomfecios Otthofmo" 
naflefium conflruxit. 

Muhi ex Anglia conflnunt ad Bonifeciunl. 

Conflm^ Bonifacfus a. monafleria^ unum in Frideflare in 
^ honorem Petri, ahemrn in Amanaburgh in # honored S, Afi- 
chaelis« 

Bonifaciu8yi»#« eptfiOprnWUleb^ldam & Bur^zrdntnfacit 
epr/copof in inthnis Orient. Francorum partitns. 

Oceans Bonifecius Non. }\itk. anno fetigrinattoms pta 45^. 
epifcop.fui gtf. menplms & » dies 6, 

LuUo epifcopus corpus ejus perdu xtt ad Folde monafler: quod^Mmte 
ipfe conflfumrat jnxta Moguntiam propeflumen. m^nsf^* 

Ethelbaldus r#xMerc: iBeornredo oeciffts &ifud Re-"*** 
pendon fipuknt. 



itAprillisJWy. jlBiruniilfy. yOccidenti: JWy. >Weft. 
Sixones JUiff. t Baptifevit MS. ( Seculare MS. n Atetan- 
dar MS. ^ Honore MS. $ Honori MS. m P. diebus. 

la Ex 



6t t'ELANiyS ITINERARY* 

Ex vita • Sandi B^tm/fil. 

Botulpbus & Adulpbus fi natalilms germana msiiviisti if 
cbinritMte ex gente Stxonica. 

Adulphus & efifcofus Trajedenfis. Botulphus in Britanniam 
rediit. Botulphus Icanao locum confiruend9 m^nafieri^ mftwmA 
Ethelmuado rege acctftt^ ubi ad y ttmforis httemus erat, 
FoL 9^-h. Qi,iif Botulphus in Icanno i ^. Cal. Tuo. <^ Mdemfe(ultm ef, 

^ I(*aiibo monsfier : ah Inguaro & Hubba deflruBvm. 

Ulkitellus I monachus juJTu Ethelwoldi efijiofi Wiatoo: 
tnmfiulit corpora Botulphi ^ Adulphi Thorneiam. 

irat tunc temforis in Icanho faceUum m fuo folus fresUter 
facrafaciehat. 

Confiruxit S, Ethelwoldus non longe i monafterio Thornenfi 
in loco^ ubi beata virgo Chripi Thoma inclufa fuerat^ loft- 
deam ecclefiolam delicat^Jf: cameratam canceliulis ^ dufliciwu^ 
3. dedicatam ( altaribus fermodicis undique pfjue ad n ejus mt- 
ros vaUatam arboribus diverp generis, Scaem ibi heremiticim 
fipermipfet deuffibi elegit. 

Ex vita o. Bregwini archiepifcopi. 

Bregwinus in Saxonia ortus. Brcgwmus reliBa patria ht 
Angliam venit, 

9- SanBus Bregwiaus fuccejpt Cutheberto Anglo sm arcbiefif' 
copatu Cantuari : 

Cuthbertus exiUuJiri ^ AagU : familia ortus e^clepam in on- 
entali parte majorh ecclefia^ » eidem pene cout gua^ .tn A honorem 
. Joanais f« Baptifta5/J»W^<ii;/V, ut & 9 baptifleria ^ examius^ 
tionet judiciorum pro diverjis cauj/ls ad corre^ionrm fielerum iniii 
celebrarent^ & archiepifcoporum corpora in ea feptllrentur^ fib- 
iota de i medio antiqua confuetudine^ qua eatenus in eccl: apofi: 
Petri & Pauli corpora antecefforumjuortm tumulari folebant. 

Bregwinus • expletis in «• archiepifcopatu 7. annis ebut ^ 7. 
CaU. Septenibar, & in ecclefia 5. t Jo^naisjepelitur, 

V Ecclefia Cancuar. cum v ecclefia S. Joannis igne p canfumptd. 

hznfrzncvis pofiea x ecclefi reparavit^ & in^^ ecclefia novam 

• corpora fanBorum epifcoporum in aquilonari parte fufer voltam 

Fol. 9/. t. fi^ finguUt loceUis decentir cottoca'vit. In tUa enim caufiagtM' 

m Saint MS. fi Sic. y S'c. J^ Sic. • Monachius MS. 
Z Non diftinguitur in MS. n Eis MS. 3- Scint MS. « L. 
Anglise^ vel Angloriim. » Idem MS. a Honore MS. 
(M Baptifta MS. » Baptefteria MS. i Media antiquo MS. 
• Expeletis Jtf,y. v Archiepifcopo Jtf.y. c Aug. 14^ Godmin. 
r Joannes MS. r Ecclefie MS. v Ecclefie MS. ^ Malm 
(Tonfumpta. ^ Sifi^ MS, JForfan^ ecclefiam. ^ F. ecclefia 
npva, 

ti^9€ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

tivne quanta damna locus iffe ^ frapeffus fit nuUits edtcere : 
Jcilicet in aure^ in ar^ento^ in liMs Jrvinis & fecularihts. Pri^ 
'vilegia regum & efijcoforum ex infegro carrufta funt. 

Ex vita S. Britbuni. 
Brithunus AngIus/»/?*j»^irf ^j^Deirwald, uii nuncBcyev- 
lege, a .^.Joanne efifcopo Ebora : fefultus efi Beverlaci. 

Ex vita Caradoci. 

Caradocus ortus in frruincia de Brekenauc. 

Caradocus vixit in Ari iMa^ yuam Norwegenfes ahduRo 
eo ffoliahant ; fed fo flea insula reftttuerunt. 

kicharcius, Tancredus ^ Flandrenfes j8 mijjim in Walliam 
/»/>/?/ Caradoco heremita, Ohiit anno Dom. iit,^, Carado- 
cus, & in Menevenfi ecclefia fefultus eft. 

Ex vita Karatoci. 

Carantacus, filius Roderici regis. C^rmtocixsfuit in Hiber- 
nia 30. annis ante nativitatem S. Danielis. 
Ex vita Cedd epifcopi. 

SucceJ^t Saberto regi Swithelinus y filius Sexbaldi, qui at 
fiffo Cedd Ji haptizatus eft. 

Cedd I inperecepit ah Ethel waldo,///^ Ofwaldi regis Deiro- 
rum, 5 Leftingey locum monafter : condendo in niontihus n ar* 
duis & remotis^ in quo monafterium fecundum ritum Lindifer- 
nenfis ecclefi^ tnftituit. 

Cedd epifcopus Orient : Sax : ohiit in Leflingay tempore 
feftis. Succeftit Cedd in monafterio Cedda ejusfrater. 

Fratres 20. venientes ex monafter: Cedd •/» regione Ori- 
ent : Saxonum venerunt Leftingey, & omnes prater unum 
fefte mortui. 

Ex vita 9- Ceddas epifcopi. 

Cedda 4f^f»/fWulphero Merc: reff, ^Theodore arcii" 
epifcopo Cantuar : fit epifcopus Mer : & Lindispharorum. 

Vixit Cedda /» ^fy^^f' Lichefeldenfi i. anws ^ dim. FoLor.brf 
4 Barwe infrovinda Linclipharorum locus 50. familiarum da- 
tus ah Wulphero » Ceddae conftruendo monafterio. Hahuit au- 




ii Worte^ perpeflUs fitnuUus edicere poteft: fcilicet &c. 
fi F. miffi, y Fillius MS. A Baptifatus MS. • F. epifco- 
pus recepit. ^ Leftngey MS. n Ardius & jemotus MS. 
9" Cedda MS. 4 Ad imum paging Warwe fcripftt Stoveus. 
» Cedda MS. a F. cum j. velS. fociis. 

legero 



70 LELANiyS ITlNEkAkY. 

liger$ folekat. Owimis ffimus slim m i* mMJhitgm S. 
P £thelredre m§mkhin fif9^ ^»d CedcUm. 
Ex rira 8. dsrt. 
y Edwardy temfore Edmundi * regis An^iT^fuit » • Or- 
theftria, ^ Chims mare fetii^ & C ^^C^£uis burguaiM 
Normannia afflicmt. 

Clarus monafteriolum confiruxttin nemore juxta ficptzmfli: 
in f ago n Wlcaffino. Clari cafium ^ aifcifum tjranmde fetewiii^ 
i fiam $Ue turpiur cnm amanufagidrat. 
Ex vita 5. Clitanct. 
Clitancus Southe-WalliflB reruius inter venanJtum i finsfh 
dalilms occifut eft. Ecdefia S. Clitanck im Southe-Wallid. 

Ex vita S. Eanfwidaj filia& EJtaUi^ regis Canti^e^ & Emma. 

Sj^IT -E/^f ^V Eanfwida locum k vulgi freauentta remof'um Fulke- 
^^'^' ftan nomtnatum^ uBi & fater ejus Edbaldus /» ttm&rem Petri 
^oft: eccleftam conftruxtt* 

Ui ergo ex parte maris » qua remotior dicitur effe at iffis 
ruricolis hujufmodi comfefentem fundavit ecclefram cum offchm 
fiU Jmfque cemitiius prefe/JloBi ejus a neceffariisy k flemUmeu 
maris gurgite f eft em jugerum latitudine^ i.e. ^ ^o. fertiearum^ 
iBftamem^ f qu4t beJ&e nvfauans afparet. Terra 0atmfae i mart 
foulatim eonfimfta fefl hngum feeuhm e&trssity ^ rifm mafis 
ctsmkersum baufis. 
Fol.^. a. Ex vita S. ElBa. 

Ebbft filia Ethelfridi regis Bemifiomm. 
Eanfndus ^Ofwaldus lofstumftsi Ethelfridi ex Acca, fRi 
I Elhe regis • Deirorum. 
OiWi, fui pefiea rex^ filiue Ethelfridi ex eaneuKses. 
w Cadanus Scottus Ebbam amavit. 

Ebba aUas Coladi wUf^ i. e. Coldingham. J>uo lyu^ 

% 
fontes in c Coludi urbe. Coludi isrh 6. miKarUms diftai i 
Berwico hream verfvs. 

Ex vita S. Eadhergse. 
Canttiariss vero ik ctemhio fcriffum reperi fuad Msma Dmmm 
xoSf. toij. ak archiefifofo htnhtnco fuerufst de termutis fiettSarm 

m Vel delend. vel miniftris^r^ tniniflrorum reponand^ Sit 
in MS. L. Ethelredas, vel potius Etheldredae, y F. Ed- 
wardus, 4 Reges MS. t Sic. ^ Apu<y Jfifif. « Wdlo 
firiUtur fupra Rn* i manu SroYei fpfius. > AtcAfvtm Utt. 
4- Su. » Q^ MS. A NefTedariis MS, ^ x8. afmdCMpa* 
nnum. 9 Qua MS. ( Ella MS. « Ddormn MS. m Badadoi 
Capgrav. c CohxAdi MS. 

Mildredx 



LBlANiyS ITINERARY. jt 

Mildredae & Edburg^ m Thgoato if^fufa flevata relip/U^ & 
in eccl: hati Gregoriit ^om f4ub ame Caotuuix sdfau- 
feruM folamen confiruStam iitMvn^t^ coUofatsf. 
Ex vit^ BJmmrai mamris. 

Edmundus & EdwoUusjKtf Alknmndi l^ix Siuara. 

Ofii rex Eft-Angl. feregt$ ftcfaffcens ad c^gnatum Juum 
Alkmundum, in Sa^KPQia cvmm^anUm^ fervfpit^ ih'que £d- 
mundum y ejus filium in heredem adcftsvif. 

Ex viu E4fPo/£ fratris Edmund!. 

Edwoldus vitam heremiticam duxit afud finUm argenteum 
jn Dorfetfliir. 

OJJa S. Edwoldi tranflgta 4 Cemelium fro^uroMU comlte 
Almaro temfore Duoftaoi. 

Almarus C9m9s fif9d/n;it monafterium Cemdieofe^ 
Ex vica Bk^ed^e. 

Elfle4a^//4f Ethelwoldi & BrigKtwinas nata in Clara muni- ciard, 
cifh. Brighcwioa m^rfug marito Claram dedit temfwre Edgari Ky^gs-tiir 
• rmf m^Mlln : Ruwfiettfi, JSiZS** 

Hflcda a$$t9r9 Edgaro mt ft mn4€h4 t Riiiwfi» fuV^^^ 
Mcrwcnoa M$t^4, Suwffi$ Merw^on* Elwina, Elwinat 
'vero Elfleda. Elwina ct^nitQ udvimtu Swani Dtni fugit ium - 
fortunk Wiotooiam. Rumeiia i Swano defr^data, 

la Warwike0iire, .roi.f«.k 

Pf/V: Wrokefhale. ^/f; »«^<«. 

Frtor\ Hinewadc. 4fc»: w^^. 

Jibbat: M^rivau^, 

lo Staffordflure, 

Vrmi Lappde, ^. R^migU, V»f(?;»; «tgr/. 

Vrhr\ Briuern, ^.Mariae. Monxmgfi* 
Frior : Briuero, S. Leonardi. <M^ ^i^* 

In Dorfetfliire. 
Pr/w: Derleg^, w/Greflege, Cor; wgr/. 
Prw ; Efereby S- Jacobi. Mm ; nigri 
Prior : Dereby. Mon z nm'^* 

In lorkcihire. 
Cafiles ; Sccltun, Kuniodiburghj Ferncltun. 

Ip Ric£i;moot;lhir^f 
jMat: Egieftune, S. Marix : Can; alU. 
Trior: W oderhzLt fanSorum trium. Mom mgrt. 
JWfv f Ia«gelwde, S. Mariac. Mon : nigra. 
Prior : Marrig. Ma9 : nigr^f* 



m Ym W- fi' M Suva Ar& . y Eis MS. f Ccmelinon 
MS. i Reges MS. ^ Rumefia MS. n Monacbi MS. 

In 



^x LELANiyS ITINERARr. 

In qurcopttu Dwmimtmf . 
Vrm: Mai vr/ Se»clbreg. Mm: wip^t. 
Vrhr: Brenkebur^ dm: mgri. 

In m linds reg: &^: 
jAta$: Mailros ^. Mar : H^m: alkL 
jiUst: Dheburgh. Cmm: aUi. 
« For&n In WMMlEa : provinc. Landaven* 

y Tp^" Frhr : di Baffclle. 
•Tfr^*^ In B£Mch$rem : dioeccfi. 

iJJW Fn> : Ji * Guifenx. Mommc : afU. 
loose ab In epifcop. S. jtfi^be: 

to loco. t AUdt : de Hudham. Mom : Mit. 

£x vita S. ErkenimMUi. 
Erkenwaldus & Ethelbur^ t ejmfor§r^ mai m €str§Ja 
viBa^ de Scalliageburg m Lmdeuea fsffrofafia n Ottae np 
^ £aft- Anglix. 
Erkenwaldus filius i OSx regis « Eft-An^lks. 
P0L97. a. Erkenwaldus a^^at Ceoitefey, Jemde efilUfme Loodoa. 
Erkenwaldus a fundator mommfieru de Ceortefey & Ber- 
kinge, ^ua fue patrimoma fi tUuviU Hildelitha trMmfnuam 
frima aUatiJfa de Berkynge, & inftHutrix Ethelburgas. 
From the » S. Efkenwoldus ehit afud Berkynge. C^mflagemvU Loo- 
Weft to dinum tempore i Mauritii ePlfcopi London. Ignis imefii i 
the Eft. ferta Occident : & pervenit ad portam orientsleno. 

Mauritius # novM ecclefi^e Paulinx tmeeftor. Richardiu 1^- 
eopus Mauritii Juccejfor^ muros ecclefise mtraUliter amxit. Ri- 
cnardus cctmiterium v Paulinas ecclefia mnrofeffit. 

Gilbertus Univerfale ex Altifiodoro civitmte Galliae vocgtm 
fa efifcopus London. Gilbertus teSum novo 9peri Paulinx ec- 
clefie Londoti' fuperimpofuit. 
1140. IhanJIatum efi corpui Erkenwaldi mof T>9m. xxj^p. \^6e 
Novembris. 

Ex vita S. Etl^ehpoldi epiicopi ^ent. 
Ethelwoldus Wintonix natus. 

Ex vita S. Kacrii. 
Fiacrius in Hibernia netttts. 

Ex vita Flnani ep^ifcopi. 
Finznns^^uf ^ Winninus, Caprei & LafarxjECw, immeik 
frovinc ; Hiberniflc natus. 



m Leeneis MS. fi Forfam MS. y Sic. t Sic. • Ablat : 
MS. i Els MS. n OSiMS. » Eaft-AngUa Mi. $ Oft 
MS. » EUt'An^liz MS. a Foundator Jlf.sr. f^^DiftemtMS. 
9 Seint Jlf^. I Mauri&ii MS. None ecdeiQa Pauline JUS^ 
•• Pawliae MS. 

Ez 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 73 

Ex^vitSL FremunJs. 

Fremimdus « Oj3&e regh & Barildx fihs. 

Fremundus uno a»no & dim : fuccejjtt fatri fuo fi OSx v!' 
*venti in regno. 

Fremondus reliBo reg: ad quandam Infulam y teremHuam' 
aSiurus vitam navlgavltj fumftis fecum z. preshiteris^ Burgr 
bardo, qui I ejus vitam confcr/ffit^ & Edbritho. 

Inguar & Hiibba in 1 Angliam venientibus^ O&l Fremua-- 
dum late quierit & invenit* 

Fremundus divino conplio DanisyJ opfomt^ vincit* 

Ofwy dux exercttusOSx invidens ^ gloria Fremundi, caput 
n ei in Jicliis amfutavit quinto Id. Mail circa d- annum Dam. 
266. /»fer Uchington & Hareburebyry. Fremixndi' corpus i66. 
fepultum apud Offa-churche intra domus regime fepium. Sepul" F0I.97.U 
chrum Fremundi inventum in loco quo confiuunt Charwelle & 
Brademere. Ecclefia S. facerdotum in riPa Charwell prop^ fe^ 
fulchrum Fremundi ; unde iquodam Adelberto tranflatus eft ' 
una cum S. Vreshjteris ad i Kedicum, uH ai eo faSa eft ee^ 
clejia.. 

Ex » Coltedaneis Gervafi monachi Cantusri: 
de regibus a j^gUa. 

Mylthrudis, qua ^ Mildrirha, monialisde Minftreix infula 
Thanet. ' . - 

Succefjit Ofredo in regno Northumbar : Ethelbertus. qui dr 
Etheldredus diSus eft. Fuit filius MoUonis ; qui Molio & 
Ethelwoldus dicebatur. 

Cedwalla rex dedit S, Wilfrido quartam partem f« ihfuU 
Vedse, & viUam qua dicitur Paggennam. 

Ethelwolphus r^x Weft-Sax. qui & Adulphus diBus eft. 

In hac nova forefta poftmodmn duo ejus ftlii Richardus in 
colloy 9 Gulielmus in pefforefagittis confojji. 

Monafterium de Wiltune captum ii" Roberto comite GIo- 
ceftr : • quod incaftellaium fuerunt i contra Stephani rege & 
fratre ejus Henrico epifcopo Winton. &c. ut Stcphanus cum 
fratrej reliBis vafis argenteis^ turpiter fugerit. 

Confirmatapax inter Stephanum & Henricum^^er^ GuJ, 
comitts Anmciele. v 



«e Ofia MS. fi Ofla vivente^Af^. y Hercmitam MS. 
dl Eis MS. I Anglia MS. Z Gloria MS. n F. ejus infidiis 
amput. d" Anno MS. t Reditu MS. « Colle<aum MS. 
A Anglia MS. f* Infula MS. f Guhelmus MS. i Adjeci. 
Forjan^ quod incaftellatumfiierat contra eum a Scephano 
rpge &c.. 

Vol 2. K Undo 



^4 LELAMD'S ITINERARY. 

Vnde Euftacbius, regis Stephani flhs^^ fro face imta hi- 
iundta fette commctm receffit i firtri^ ^ twm m m pM^hum 
S. Edmundi m die S. Laufentii fervint i^tmat^ dd mmm 
fedens^ fanui efftSw vium fimvit^ & afud Faverfhamy^iA 
t« efi^ ftut & WMter Gul. fijliim regis Stephani y JMmer it 
eque corrustfufer Bcrhamdune. & tthiamyrept. 

Cemobium de Boxley etfnfenjM Stephani d Gul. de Tpn 
fMndanm eft. 

Rex Henricus i. afflicuit in Penbroke, mdt cum thjfe H 
Hiberniam ^ itufm. 

Johannes rex cum Huberto arcbiefifiefo t Cantuarias m- 
vim afnd Shoreham cenfcendit hnUtums cottoquinm cuU rtff 
Fraunce. 
Ftti. |t. 4. HadkcnUs ex coUeftaneis ^ GervafS. 

Ex aunalibus incerti autoris. 
i^gQ^ ^Amo Dom. 1290. GuL de Breofa femier Mit dfud FindoD) 
' &fepulfns eft in menmBer: de Sele. 

jinnot>om.i\^\. Joznn^^filia regis Edw^rdi frimiy &€$- 
mit/J/a n Gloceftriae. Gilbeitum)S//iiriv fimm frimogemUm fe- 
ferit afud Theokesbyri. 
ii9i. ^^^9 P03». iioa. If, CdU Apri. MH afnt Chilhiifa JV- 
mtnii Ifabella de Devora, comitifa de AITele. Sefultm ^ Gm* 
cuar : in ecclefn Chrifti. 

Anno Dcm. loj^x. Non : Februarii oiiit Ananias e^tefm 

AtTaphenfis. A»// de erd. Prddic. Eedem dnmo 8. U.\^\ 

Letuinus de Bronflite eleBus in efifiofum Aflaphen : Bsk mU 

can: Aflaphenfis. 

1294. -^no Dom. 1194. rex Edwardus x. cenftitnit Guii. ielxj- 

burae caPjtaneum navium fuaruin. 
- .^^ Jimso mm. 74a. Cuthbercus arciiefifcefus Cai^uari : n^ 
'^ * hdvit d- concilium afud Clovefho, frtqente nere Eilidbtlde. 
^Q . Anno t>om. 694. Wicluedus rex CaiQtix. & Brif^wildui 

^^* a^chieflfcofus Cantuar : celetrdfuerunt cencilnm hk Bakechild. 
Werburga regina »x»r Withredi. PihkMsfiUm WichrcdL 
Ex libro Gervafi monachi Cantuar. de vitis AichiiS 
pifcoporum Cf»/«<fr ; eccleiks. 
Auguftinus frdfopus monafterii quod eft ad clivum Scaufi 
RomaB i Greg : font. Ro : 14. anno mfer : Mauridi Au- 

n Forfan^ in patrimonium S. Edmundi in die S. Lattrentii 
fasviret) indignans ad m. fedens , infamis effe£lu8 &c. 
^ Fillius MS. y Junitr MS. ^t Inturu^ MS* Potefi etiaik 
iegi^ venturus. 1 Cantuare navi MS. { GervaSus MS. 
n Gloceftria MS. ^ Confilium MS.. 



LEILANiyS ITINERARY, 7? 

gufti h 3ntaQ : ium ^fih nf^acbh mjfus faciu ^nte gmniius 
circiur 40. Afplimt Auguliipus in # Thaneto. 

Auguilinu$ ijorpb^riuaqi v^niens fiftrmifu Ethelberti regis 
eccleftam S, Martini celetraty oratorlum tunc temporls Bertbae 
reiiu4i. 

Auguftinus y jij^ Gregorii copfecratus in epifcofum ab Elca- 
therio Arel^t^qfi efifipfo. 

Auguflinus in Hclefni S^hatoris Dorobern ; monachos in^^ 
Jiitult. 

Ett^elbertus f Af^^lfiy Au|uft : mona/lerhmVetro & iPauIo 
e^tra muros Dorober : confirtfxhy locum ? videlicet nfefultura 
regum (^ arci^iefifciifprMm Cjintitr. 

Tri0 f^Ui^ tmforp Auguft : i^ Britan. 4 Gregor. pout. 
Ro. mijpt. 

Auguft : fedit ofunh if. S^fitltfit eft in eccleji^ Petri. ^oL 9*. b.. 

SucceJJit Laurentius, qui tyrannid^nt EdbaWi filii Ethelberti 
metuems^ reUSurus Cantiain erat : ffid divinp Praeulo mouitus 
in Britan. ^permanftj & Edbaldum ugem ad Chriftianifinum 
revocavit^ 

Seditannis f. Oiiit ^, No. Febru, & fefultus eft in ecclefa 
S. Petri Dorobern : 

l^xllitm frim^s Londoa. efiftopus fuccejftt^ wpeJihs d^efy 
dfmmo Vi^hns. Tr4efuitsnui$ f • QUit i. Call. Mail. Sepultuf 
eft Dorobera. in ecelepa S. Petri. 

Succifftjuftm iprius epifcopus Kofcntis, Seditannis 3. Oiiit 
4* Id. fioytmb^T.fepftlius Dorobern. in ecelepa S. Petri. 

Sueceffit Honorius. Hie » mifit Felicem Burgund. a ut evang: 
pradicaret provinc. Orient. Angl, 

Sedit Honorius annis 19. OUif %. Id. Odobar. Faeavit 
fidftanffo nnoy menShs 6. Sepnlturin ^ ecclejia S, Petri. 

guccefft Deus deoit dog/ntte Weft-Sax. oriundut. Sedit ann. 
10. Qk^t%. Jd.jvl. Sepultaseftin ecelepa S. Petri. Facamt * 
fedes f anms%» 

Saccegit { Thepdoruf. Hie Adrianum ab Ebroino dimiffvm 



fe^it apka$em in m^nafief : Petri Dorobern. Qmnes Britan : 
epifcopi fuimittebantje ThcodoTO. Sedit annis %%. QUit anno 
getatisfua 88. Sepultus eft in • monafterlo Petri & v Pauli 



ii Sie. fi Permil& MS. y In fm Gregorii MS. A F. 
Inftindu. • Pawlo MS. 5 Videlicit MS. n F. fepulturx. 
S- Prinunfit MS. • F. Primus. » Miffit MS. a At MS. 
^ Ecclefie MS. * Anno MS. i Theodorius MS. « Mona* 
aUrieMS. •f^wlxMS. 



K i SucceJJit 



LELAWm 










BU^dut uUifmim apitd Chcilchitc 

• ^nlUtum. C^Uirtavtt * covMum afmd Clovcfhe. J 
tf. iw^uHuf ifiimtcitpa 5. Joannis Bapc. Ooroben 

iMf($0t Wulfredii«« Kit i^^* tfuafdam t^rr^ f \$j 
ii^gm0t& fu^^ must siU t- mmturt/x efcle^t^r C^nvctSLT : 
^idh snnh ^8. Sffu/tur efi Dorobcrn.' 

r fHitutf^t ric^rtldue i^M^j f/^^fd j^CsBm Mail, 
M, JijK Oi/Jl ?, C^i7. Scptcmbar. 

MutttfRt Chclnorhus Canmar : ^ ficUft^^ id e^. 

Iff ptini^ Hi<frimis tf'ffcopatus a^nit tjuln^ue A 

DaitI h§t ttrnfart A^ C; 
41. Sffvitat fft Don^' 



\ 




'* centum f*ts<* 



Pf. ^ c Allien 
jvtmbrc , 

P4tUC 



LELAKD'S ITINERARY. 77 

- ^i^^^i;^/ Athclredus frsmo monsctnts Cantuar : fofied epifco- 
pus u Wiltonienfis. SeJH amms 18^ O^itt anno Dom, 899. 893. 
Vacavit fedes z, ann, 

Succemt Plegemundus, qui in Ceftria infula^ qua dlcitur ah 
intolis Flegmundefliam, fer annos flurimos heremitlcam dux* 
erat vitam. 

Seftem ecclepas epifcopis deflitutai epifcopis in/tgnh/t. Sedft 
ann. 34. Sepu'ltus efi DoroberD. in ecclefia Chrtfit. 

fi Succeffit Wulfelmus Wellenfis y epifcopus^ Sedtt ann.'i%. 




^itum 

facie candenti ferro notavit. Hie tranfiuUt reliqu 

ridi i Ripenfi eeelejia Cantuar : 

Hie teSfum Cantuar : eeelefi^ vetuftate earruptum reparavit. 

Ineertum quot annis fedit. 

Sueceffit % Elffius epifeopus Winton^. eognomento Lippe. FoL^^.b. 
^ Ohiit inter eujUum Romam in Alpibus. 

Sueeejjit Brightelmus Dorfetenfis epifeopus. Hsepatum ido* 
neus vtfus poftea Dorfctenfem repetit eeilejidm^ 

Suecejpt Dunftanus Wigorn : epifeopus* Sedit avnis 33. ^Uit 
988. anno atatis fua n 70. ^88. 

Sueeejjit Ethelgarus d* Selefigenfis epifeopus. Sedit an. 1. 
menfihus t^. . 

SueeeJRt Siricus epifeopus Wiltunienfis^ ^dit annis J. Sepul* 
tus efi Dorobern. 

Sueeejjit EMtKM% Shireburneniis eptfeopus. Sedit Onnis ii«, 
- Stteeeffrt Elphegus natalibus elatus monackus de Deorhurfte, 
* eie^iii anno Dom, 1006* ^tatis itfua ann^ 73» Hnjtis tem~ 10o6t 
fore direpta ^ tcta mifi-rrtme ^oliata a Danis Cantuaria, ae 
f^Jfea {onctemata* 

^ Fijupp^is aifir^s S^ Auguftini a^irf permhtttur, Godui- 
'*" -^ * *eap£us J ^ Leofruna ahhatiffa monajieril Si 

if opus captus^ ^ caretre feptem TTtenfius 
""' m Dano ouifus i:j. CaU. Mail. 
\uhus prmo London* In « eaiefa 
"^ tuth : 

fis efffiopuy, f Sedit ann. 7, 




y Epifcopis Jl/5, ^ Sk. 1 Sic. 

tpfi, jr iAPtufjrmodo in MS, ^ Sele-» 

MS. « Suti MS, A Sic. fA Mil- 

copa$ MS. i Seder Ji-Jp • Ecclefic 

^ SucccUyt M$. p Sedec MS, 



Egelnothus 



HI 



\ 



^6 LELAND'S ITINERAHY. 

Succtfft Brightwaldus aUas Raculf momsJhrHj f9$d ^ 

juxtdflM : « Gearland. CowfecrMtms eft i Godwino Galliaram 
metrop^litama. SeJH ommos 37. & menfes 6. OKH ftmtilL 
Januao-ii. 

Succejpt Tatwinus freshlter mtmafterii Brindun im fmm* 
Merc. Sedit MMtth 3. O^iit 3. fi Cafend. Auguft. 

Succejpt y Nothelinus fresBster London. <► 9 wonMtbis, 
Sidit annis 4juinque. Qh'ut 16. Cdl. Novembris. Stfabastf 
Dorobernisc in • eccle/^a Petri (J* I Pauli. 

« SMC€9ffit Cuthebercus^w epifcopus Hereforden : Hksi- 
jumvtt bfaceUum S, Joannis im orient : farte ecclefta Petri, if 
fepulchrum fihi fitifque fuccejforihis. Sedit anms 17. OUst 7. 
CaQ. i Novembris. fefultus in ecclefs S. Joannis fium ^e 
tonftruxit. 
FftL 99* ■• Succeffit • Bregwius. Sedit annis 3. Oiiit 8. CmB. Septembir. 
fefultus infkceUo S, Joannis. 

Suueffit Lambercus abhas ecchfi^ S. Auguftini Dorobermz. 
Sinodus celehata ifud Cbealchite. Sedit Lambertus 4mms f. 
OHit ±. A Decenibris. Sepultus efi in ecclejus S. f* Joannis 
Baptiftx Dorobemise. 

9 Succtffit Athelardus quidam Mas. Hie recuperavit fd- 
Dumfedi ifi^ ah Offa rege aUatvm ac Lichefildenfi etdefi 
• eoDatum, Celehavit v concilium apud Clovefho. Sedi$ mak 
13. Sepultus efiin ecclepa S. Joannis Bapt. Dorobem. 

SMcceJlitVJ\x\fTtd\xs, ' Hie dedit quafdam terras f WerebarA) 
cognate fuo^ quas iUe r moriturus ecclepa Cantuar : reftitmt* 
Sedit annis 38* Sepultus eft Dorobern. 

r ^ir w^/ Fiegildus aBBas eleSns 7. CaB. Mali, iM^Jmatusy* 
Jd. Jul. OBiit 3. CaB. Septembar. 

SuccejjRt Chdnochus (Jantuar : * ecclefta^ id eft^ frlety dece^ 
nus^ eleSus 3. CaB. Jul. ^ cenfecratus eedent ssmo vi. CJL 
Septem. Hicprimis epifcopatus annis quinque tanimto X mens^ 
chos hahuit infia eccl : ceteris pefte conjumptis. 

Dani hoc tempore A^ Cantiam luiftahant. Vreskyteri ^ clerid 
n in mijft monacus pfaBetant in cboro Cantuar : Se£^ 
41. Sepultus eft HoxohtTn: 



m Sic, fi Callend. MS. y Sic. i^ Monachius MS. • Ec» 
clefieJIf^. ^PawUi^f^. « Succeflydilf*9. 3- Sacellus ATS^ 
« Novembre MS. » SJe. A Decenibri MS. ^ Joannes 
Baptifta Doroberni MS. » Succeffyt MS. | Sua MS. 
• Colatum MS. 9 Confilium MS. p Sic. r Morturus MS. 
r Succeflyt MS. v Forfan^ ecclefiae decanus, id eft, prior, 
&c. ^ (Jonfecrato MS. x Monachi MS. ^ Gantram MS. 
it Forte^ immixti monachis pfallebant &c. 

Snceefft 



I LELAKD'S ITINERAfeY. 77 

i - Succejpt Athclredus frimo monacbus Cantuar : fofted epipo- 
I fus « Wiltonieniis. Set^ amtis 1%. Oh'tH anno Dom. 899. 893. 
B Vacavit fedes z. ann. 

Succemt Plegemundus, qui in Ceftria infula^ qua dhitur ab 
w incolis Flegmundeiham, fer annos flurimos heremitlcam dux" 

erat vitam. 
\\ Septem ecclejias epifiopis defiitutat epifeopis inpgnivH, Sedft 
i ann, 34. SepulttiS effDoTohern, in ecclefia Chrifii. 

fi Succe^jit Wulfelmus Wellenfis y eplfcopus^ Sedit ann.'i^. 

Succeffit Odo Scireburn : epifcopus^ qui cum ejftt clericuf^ ha» 

; ^itum monachialem fufcepit. Hie pellicem ah aula Edwini regit 

facie candenti ferro notavit^ Hie tranftulit reliquias ^ Wil- 

I ridi i Ripenfi ecclepa Cantuar : 

Hie teBum Cantuar : ecclefi^ 'oetujlate earruptum reparavit* 
; Incertum quot atmis fedit. 

SucceJJit I Elffius epifeopus Winton* cognomento Lippe. FoL^^.b, 
4 OBiit inter eundum Romam in Alpibus. 

Succejjtt Brightelmus Dorfetenfis epifcopns. Hie parum ido^ 
neus vtfus poftea Dorfctenfem repetit ecilejiam^ 

Sueceffit Dunftanus Wigorn : epifeopus^ Sedit annis 33. ^Uit 
988. anno atatis fua i» 70, ^J8, 

SucceJJit Ethelgarus d* Selefigenfis epifeopus. Sedit ^ny, i. 
menjihus t^. / 

SucceJRt Siricus epifeopus Wiltunicnfis. ^edit anms J. Sepul^ 
tus efi Dorobern. 
5!trrrfJ^/ £lfricus Shireburnenfis epifeopus. Sedit inmis ii«. 
SucceJJit Elphegus natalihus clarus monachus de Deorhurfte, 
i eleBus anno Dom. 1006. atatis »fu4e anno.*;'^. Hujus tem^ looSi 
fore direpta & tota miferrime j^oliata i Danis Cantuaria, ae 
pofiea concremata. 

A Finianus abhas S. AugUftini abire permittitUr. Godui- 
nus epifeopus captus , * ^ Leofruna abbatljfa monafierii S* 
f* Mildrethae^. 

Elphegus » arebiepifej^'us captus , dr earcere feptem menjibus 
detentuSj & deimde i Thrum Dano occifus 13. Call. MaiL 
i Sedit ann. 6. menjibus 7. Sepultus primo London, in • ecelefa 
S. Pauli, pcjiea tranflatus Cantuari : 

w Succejjtt Livingus Wellenfis epifeopus. f Sedit ann. j. 



n Sic. /S Succeflyt MS. v Epifcopis MS. Ji Sic. i Sic. 
^ Obbiit MS. n Sic refcripji. 7. tantummodo in MS. 3* Sele- 
ligenfes MS. 4 Dedus MS. « Sua MS. a Sic. fi Mil- 
drethaJlf<^« t ArchepifcopusAf^. { SedetJf^* • Ecclefie 
S. Paule, poftia MS. v Succellyt MS. p Sedet MS. 



Egelnothus 



7S LELAND'S ITINES^ARY. 

Egelaothus deuams Cantutri : eulep^ fiteetgk. Decuu wh 
mem temfwre Aofelmi nmt4$um im nnatm Frimit* S§M§ jhl 
ij. OBiit 4* CaU. Novembar. Sefultus eft hf 0ai€fm Chrifti. 

SMccejgb M Eadfmnus i^(/c«^x Wennums, c^fiB^ms |I&- 
raldi regis. Sedit amm. ix. OUH s.CmU. Novembar. 

Succejj^ Robertus, genere Normannus, epifcfus Londoi. 
imte monscbus Gemedcenris. Sedit snm. a. 

Stigandus, quondam Auftralium Sax. ^fi^fus^ feSm «- 
vafer Winton. y fedis^ iwuMfit ^ fedem Cannur : Rdbrito 
mdbuc vivevte. Sedit snm. %i. Otiit Winton* m tmtm. 
• Vkcavtt fedes x. mhuV. 

SuecefRt Laofrancus Mm Cadomea : euai^me Langobcrdos, 
fiHus Harebaldi & Rofas. 
FoL loo a. CeUhavit Laofrancus 6. eemiliaj frh/mm Wintonia, i. 
London. j.Wintonia. 4.London. ^r.Claudia. tf.Gloceftm. 

Lanf rancus renevavit ecelefmn Chrifti Caatuari : 

X^ Lanfrancus refaravH « eeelefam S. Andreas 4fMd Ro- 
cheftar. 

Lanfrancus repdravit 9* icclepam S. Albani. 

Lanfrancus eccleffam,S> Gregorii extra Cantuari : &hefh 
tale i i fundamentis inchoavit, 

Lanfrancus ecclefiam S. Nicholii ad oteidentem Cantutrii^ 
& hofpitale « leprojorum fecit. A Sedit arnmie 19,. OUitx.Cd. 
Jun. SefuUui eft im ecrlejia Chrifti Cuktinr: Vacam f^ia 
m ann. 4. 

M Succeffit Anfelmus ahhas Beccenfis. Kaieu he 9 Augofe 
cit/i/ii/f ;4/r# Gundulpho, w^/rr Ermenberga. CmfeerOtt 
1093. ammo Demi 109^ Difeerdia imter regem ^ AnfeUnum |r» 
auSoritate Ro. t^nt. 

Anfelmus I exulatiqua refntavtt accfferefaBenm i emmmff- 
lis. Reftitntus fedi Anfelmus. Sedit anmis 16. €M$$ 1 1 JCd. 

(aii in ammo Dem. 1 109. mtatisfu£ ammo fS. 

Suecejfit Radulphus Rofenfis epifcopus^ quomdam Sa^epfo 
ahhm. SuMffit^AM\^\iO im Koftnfi fede Ernitlpbut #Mi» ie 
Bureo. Us magna imter Thurftanum • atduapakfmm Efaora: 
& Radulphum Cantuar. Sedit am^is 8. munjmms 6. OtSt }. 
9 Cf/f»/. Ncvcmbar. 



a Sic. fi Haraldy reges MS. y Seis MS. dl Dedem JMf. 
t Vacuicilf^. ( Lanfrankecus 1/^. « £cde£iail#5. d'Ec- 
clefia MS. . 1 Fondamencis MS. » Liproforum MS. a Se- 
dct MS. ^ Succeflyc MS. ' Auguftia MS* i F. eiultr, 
quia recufavit acciperc pallium MS. • ArchiepUcopiu MS. 
w Callend. MS^ 



Sli 



Smccifi 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. ^9 

SntteJJit Gul. Corbuil tan. S. O&thes. M Honorio p97it. 
Vio.fitBMf tjt ItiaUt in Anglia i^r Scotii- « Cokgium ckri-* 
€9rvm Dovarisb frffrefft^ & n^vum cmniium mtfUMtherum iHb 
awftndi fttfU cffidi fro €$ amfiruxit. Sedit dkk* 1^. OUit 
Ganmar. tS. CaU. fi Decembris. Fkcavit fedis 7 anms 2. 

Sntt(£U Theobaldui aUm Beccenfis. Tempore «l Theobald! 

fropttr i liiiem iwter eim & Henricum efifitfum Wiiiton : 

fratrcm regis Stephani de titah ( itgati^ ad'Oentrunt multi cavjp" 

vlici in Aa§liafli« Thnt ftifHus ilmin I magijtir ViCarius in 

Oxenfordia legem docuit. 

Lamb^nus frimms aiM de Bojitj. Ciaribaldus primm ab^ Pol. 100. K 
iat de Faurefiiatn. Exvht ^ ToecAaidus^ oi depopionfem Gul. 
£bora : poni^ in Remenfi toncUio. 

Redit Theobaitius ad ftdem morftto rege Stephano. < Sedit 
Theobaldus nnn. ai. Oh'tit 14. CaU, Mail aTtm Dom. iidi* iiCll 
€epnlt}is efi in rcckfn ChrijH. 

« SutcejgS Tliemas fieket ioxhitp^copws Cantuaf : a fan^ 
turn' : ^ cantfAir : r^s. Sedit mtn^ 9. OSiit 4^ fi Cafend. 
Jahuarii. 

f Sit€teffit Richahlus natione Nonnan : monmth : Cantuat : 
1^ Pmr Dovtrfenlis veeffoin. 

Godefridus epifcopus S. Afaph td^ikavk anmtUim tpifcop : 
Richardo Cantuar : in i concilip W eftmonafter : 

Richardus regio ^SiBo toHdn : fecnfares expulit ah Wal- 
thatll, $)r can. regutares induxi't, Sedit ann. lo« men^s S. 
Olnit apud Halling^^. Sepukus in ecclefa Chrifii in oratorio 
heata Mariae. 

Succejfb Baldtwihus epiji^us Wigorn : antea aitas de Forda. 

Balduinus Exomas ex tnpno genere natus, 

Balduinus i Bar pcblemeo €pifc^o Exon. /aHus arciid : 
Exoh. 

Baldinus jS> monaeh^s in Forda, &poJlea alias. 

Morfito Kogero epijcopo Wigorn : Juccejjlt Balduinus. 

ConpTio Balacwlni omnes epVcopi Arxgli^ ftudeiant monachos 
at • ecclofis <athtdraUlus TXpeuerej ^ clericos «- introducert* 

bddlb^Krihtis hovam eccl^: Cantuar : fatricavit^ t fi^^^^^ 
ab eccle : monachtfrum^ ubijufit clericos fa os r domos 7. manfo" 
Farias facer e. 

m Cole'gium MS. fi Deccmbre MS. y Anno MS. 
4 TteobaK MS. • • Letwn MS. { Legatus MS. n Ma- 
gefter MS. 3* t^reobabhs'] Leg th^baldus. 1 Sede MS. 
» Saccdijt MS. A w^ fecf etarius <W jitfticiarius) & can- 
cellarius regis > f Called MS. 9 SuccefTyt MS. { Con^* 
cillio MS. • Ecclefi cathedri MS. •■ intruducere MS. 
€ An feparatam ? •• Dedcm 7. MS. 

Baldwinus 



8o LELAND'S ITINERARY: 

Baldwinus momachos Cancuar : durtUr traSMt. 

EcclejU i Balduino incepta Cantuariae, & domns manfo^ 
narU eiJem m adjunSa demoliise. Baldwinus Ufideam 9ccle^ 
fiam afud Lamhich frofe London : incefjt^ & domus mamfio^ 
nartas sUdem fro fi clericts fuis fatrlcavit. Sedit y intnis, y 
minphus II. OUtt in ohpdione dvltatis Aeon, & i^dem Je^ 
fultus efi. CapeBa de Hakington, 9fus Balduini Cantuar :: 
jujfu Celeftini font ; Ro : demolita eft^ 

Succeffit dl Hubertus frimo eccUpe Ebora : decsmts^ fofioM 
efsfcofus Saresbirienfis. 

Hubertus Sarisberi : ofifcofus of vd Aeon hf omt^nm ocnGs 
FoL 101. ^gratlofus^ & in n militari adeo magnifcus ut ^ regi Ricbardo 
effet admirandus* Erat enim ftafnra frocems^ eonflio frovif 
aus^ ingenio callens , licet non • eloquio foliens. Cum fra^ 
feSo fuondim Anglix Ranulpho do Glanvilla quodammodo 
regnum AngL regeiatj eo quod if pus muxime conJUio- idem 
Ranuiphus frueretur. Sefelivit Batduinum Mfud Aeon. Ca* 

telU de Lamhith juffu font : Ro. folo tenus comPUnuta. iSt 
lubertus Cantuar: ( inf eft iffi fuit GirMo arthiefifiofo Mc" 
nevenfi, juifrofaUio « ecclofue Mencyen& rejlituendoftrenue 
Mora^atRomx. Sedit annis ii. menf. 8. ^iUitus IX. OUH 
3* Id. Jul. in villa de Tenham. 

HaAenus ex Gervapo. 

' yacavitfedes an. I. menf. ii. diekus i(f. 

5jrrr<?^f Stephen Langton. Sedit ann. aa, dielus %7.. 

Hie frius erat Ro. eeclepiC fresbyter Card : ^ ah InnoceO'^ 
tio g. Ro : font, confecratus anno Dom. iixj. 

Vacavitfedes anno i. ^ Mm. menfe^ dieius la. 

Succeffit Richardus cog : Magnus. Sedit annis %. Vacafoit 
t fedes anno I . ebdomadihus 1 8 . 

H':c frius erat cancellarius Lincoln : OUit anno Dam, ii^i. 

» Succeffit Edmundus. Sedit ann. 8. Vacavit fedes asm. 3. 
menf i. diebus 3. Hie frius erat thefaur. 

Sutceffit Bonifacius. Sedit annis %6. menfiius 6.. dietus lil 
Vacav't fedes Xanms z. ehdomadi lo. dieius 3. 

Succeffit Robertus de Kilwardby. Sedit awn. 6. Vacavi$\^.. 
^feftimanis ^ diebus 3. . 



a Adjundla MS. /3 Clericus MS. y Anno MS. ) Ha^- 
bertus MS. 1 Eloquis MS. $ Infefteff : ftiit Giralde MS. 
« Ecclefise Menevenfi ecclefias reft, ftrenue aborabat Roma. 
MS. 3- Dies MS. « Sede MS. « Succcffcc MS. k Anno 
MS. (4 Septemn" MS. 

fifV 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. it 

tCc fuerat ante de ard. Tried : FaSus efi i Grcgor : lo. 
pota . Ro, archlefffcofus Cantuar : Viteibi : fofita Card : 
Portuenfis/^^irx ^Nicholao i.pont: Ro. 
' Johannes Pecham de ord : min : fucceffit. Sedit anm. !;»<$* 
45* ttfeptimamSj dsetus'x* ^Vdcavitfedes anno i^ 

SucceJJit Robertas de Winchelfey* Sedit ann. 19. Vatafott 
fedes menf. o. (!r feft» una. Ohsit anno Dem, Igi;* Fuerat 
frtus, y arcmd, EiTex. 

SutceJUft Galcerus Reginalds. SeMt ann. 13. menf. lo. 
die^us 3. 

^ Hie frius fuerat thefaur: regis Angliae, & Wigorn. ePiC" 
C9pus fimilHer^ & cancellar : Dom. % regis. Vacavit fedes 
menf. 6. feft. 3. & die una ufque ad 6. Cau. Jun. anna Dam. 
1338. 

Simon 'bAt^Yi^mfucceffit. Sedit 5*. ann. 4. menf ir 17* die^ Fd. los.bu 
bus. Vacavit fedes 4. menf dietus 10. 

Johannes de Stratefofd fuccef^t. Sedit 11. amt. 6. menf. 3. 
feft. 4* diehus. Vacat eccle. 3. menf. (^ ll. diehs. 

SucceJJit Johannes UflFbrd eleSus & confirmatut. Sedit 6. 
menf^us ^ 4. Mehus. Vacavit fedes %. menf. 3. l^dietus. 

SucceJJit Thomas Bredwardme. Sedit 5. feft, & 4. JUehs. 
Vacavit fedes 4. menf diebus 1. 

% SucceKt Simon Ifeiepe. Se^t ann. 18. menf. 4. dieim 13. 
Vacat Cedes 6. menfihis^ Vf^t. 4. ^ diehus. Hie frius erat can t 
Ciceftrenfis. 

4 SucceJKt Simon Langham frlmo ahhas Weftmonafter : ^ 
eplfcefus Eiienfis. Sedit annis %. feft. 3. Urbanus %. font, Ro. 
elegit hvnc in card ; 10. Call. O&obar, mto temfare refpiannt 
arclsief. Cantuar, Vacavit fedes T*fept. Cf die i. 

^i^cr^^itGul.deWhitlefey epifcofueKoitVi^^^ fofiedWigom: 
Tranjlatus fuit Cantuar : fer Urbanum ;< fant : Ro : Sedit 
ann. 5*. menf. 8. dies 14. 

m Vacavit eccle: menf: iJ.feft^ 3. dies 3. 

Simon de Sudbyriyi^^^^ frius efifcofus London. tranlU'^ 
tusPer Gregorium 11. font. Ro : Stdit ann. 6. a def. ir. 6. 
dieius* Securi fercujfus fuit afud turrimLxxvion. ifeditiofis. 
Vacavit fdes a. menf. ^16. aietus. 

Succefflt Gul. Courteney, JUius comitts Devon. frIus eflfco^ 
fus Hcrefbrde^ %. London. Sedit (a annis 1 5 . menf. 11.9 £e* 
kus It Vacavit fedes 3. menfUms ^ 3. dielms. 

I ^Ti— ^— i^.^M^— ■ I I I I I I I II 11 ■ 

u SeptimamJIf^. /b Vacaiitilf^. y Arched. ilf<f. ^ His 
MS. • Reges Jlf^. ( Die MS. n Succefiyt MS. ^ Die 
MS. I Succe{R;t MS. « Vacuit MS. a Am iept. ;• I 
u Anno MS. 9 Diei MS. 

Vol. 8. L Sncseffii 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Sucufft Thomas Arundell ffm9 Elien. efifi^Ms, 

w. 17. 

Sncceffit Henri. Chicheley m legum doSor^ frim cmm 
Sarum, ^ a Gregor. 12. font. ko< ^^^!^ fi Menc 
foBus. y Sedit annis 19. Obi$t anno Dom. 1443. x. Id. 
Johannes Stratford fuccejjit. 

Ex chronico incerti autoris. 

Tofi Kereticum Cadwanus rex Venendtonim fik 
in regem Anglias. Bellum Cairlegion im quo Silla fiBt 
nan cecidit. 
Fol 101. i« Cadwallojff//»x Cadwani patri in regno fueceffit. 

Defuljus Cadwallo at Edwino Armoricam ^^///, ^ 
fus Edwinum interfecH ^ regnavit* 

Cadwalarus j|f/iW Cadwallonis regnat im Britan. 

dl Ccenobium S. Davidis incenfum, 

Ivor Cadwaladri film fuccejpu Otut Cadwalladru 
Dom, 6i^, 

• Beli///W Elphini morltur. 

Bellum aPud Hcyl in Corqubia. 

Bellum Gard Mailanc. 

Bellum Pentun. In his hellis regnante Ivor Britones 
runt Sa)cones. 

Beda moritur qui hunc Kbrum « annfilium cowfofmit. 

Talagam rex Pidorum occiditur k Britonibus. 

Tuder ap Hely moritur. 

l^afcha mutatur aPud Britones at ElbodoT^omine Dei, 

SermanajSZfW Idwalli moritur. Fafiatio Britonum < 
Hum ab Offa rege Saxonum. Vafiatio Britonum at C 
reflate. 

Vaftatio Rienneth ab Offa. 

BeUum Rudelan. 

Mareduc rex Demetarum ohVtU 

Cradauc r^.vd-Venedoti$e i Saxonibus^i/^ivAf/xrr. 

Arthen rex Keredigiaun obiit. 

.Reyn rex Demetarum, & Cadel r^xPowifias morinn 

Elbodus epifcopus < Venedotia: obiit. 

Combupo Menevias. 

Owein filius Mareduc obiit. 

Degannoe iBufulminis « comburitur. 



m Legem MS. fi Menevenfus MS. y Sedis MS. 
nobium MS. • Sic. ? Interunt MS. « annati MS. 
nedoiia MS. * Venedotia MS. » Comburatur MS. 



i 



B 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 83 

Bellum inter Howell & Kenan, JeJ vlcit Kenan. 
Hoel herum fugnavit cumYLtma^ & exfuUt eum JeMo- 
nia infula. 
Hoel de Monia ittrum exfulfus eft a Kenan. 
Kenan morltuu 
Saxones vaftani rhontes Eriri. 
BeUum LLannays. 

Saxones msriefn de Ganfloe vajlaverunt. 
Howell marltuT. 

fi Sadurmien eplfcopus MenevenCs. 

Merhin maritur. Fol. tox. b. 

Bellum Citil. 
Bellum Finant. 
Ithail rex moritur. 
Meuric i Saxonibus occlditur. 
Monia vaftatur i gentUihus. 

Eygen rex Poifeae Romae oitit. Eugmiut 

Matufalem moritur. "** 

Uris Eboraci vaftatur. 
Gbgaun rex Keredigiaun y mergitur. 
Honis efifcopus Menevenfis fhorltur. 
Bellum tn A, Mone. 
Rodricus ^filiusejus occiduntur. 
Bellum Conny, /. e. Dial Rodri. 
Howell Romac obiit. 
Hincid moritur. 

Ariaraud cum Saxonibus vaftavit Keredigiaun* 
Mervin rexfilius • Ko&riaz gentilihus occiStur. 
Bellum dy Ncrth. _ - 

-f^^^Aj?f^^«^Britann. J^ «„V 

Cadel filtus Rodnci morttur. 
Othyr venit in Britan. 
Anaraud rex moritur. 
Cledaun^iirx Cadel occiditur. 
Bellum dinas Newith. 

Howell rexflius Cadell Romam ferrexit & oiiit. 
OnEnfilius Owcin occiditur. 
HineTdfiius Cledanc moritur. 
Adelftanus rex Sax. moritur. 
Cadel filius Artnail moritur. 
Idwal filius Rodrici ? ^ ejus jugulatur a Saxon : 
Lunvert efifcopus Menevenfis moritur. 



et F. arcem* * Sic. y Mergiter MS. f Sic. • S/c. 
t Sic. 

L X Kengen 



m 



tl LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Kengen mjBias Elided vemew^ # txt i mg m tm r . 
Eneoris efifufMS m^ritur. 
Mordeis efijc^fas wurHur. 
M. lo). n Howell rex firitonum C9g : boims m^rhmr cut fuuiffi V ^ 
fiiMS Owein. 

J^O &Jcn2ffilsi Idwalli, firtx Howel bonus i npit »- 
fmiiTst^ fatu^Mt cam Owyn j«x/4f Hautecamo (^ viuamt. 
Vmfisth D]mec i fiiis Idwalli. Rodrunis fiUms Howell 

Belbmjmxta Nant Cormy imter ^ flios Uwalli & HoelL 
Edwine fdius Howel moriut. 
KvojMAfUiMS Guiridich taittwr. 
Rodricus pims Idwalle mtrttmr. 
Jcnt£JUiMS Idwalle i Jzgone frstre imcmrcermtitr. 
Eioiaun Jt/nrx Owein vafimnt Gowher. 
Jago exfulfm i reg : /I^l ^ Howd rex fcfi eum. 
Emiaun hernm 'u^m'wt Golier. 
lAcnucfiiitis Idwalli ^cciditur. 
ymftsthujnct & Meneviz i GodiMcfilic Haroldi. 
J*^*****- Einiaun funsvit comtra Sax : & Alfrc e^rmm dmcem^ 6 
€9mira Howell piwm Jenaf, (^ muhos ex eis imterfed$. Set 
Einiaun «^ §fthmMtiha Je Guent deU ocdditmr. Howd /& 
Jenaf • HciditMr. 

Mziiducfi/tMf Owein hteffcclt Cadwalan fiiimm Jonab, ^ 
ejitf rermm po^edit. 
GowTlcJliim Haroldi cum ^ nigris gentitm 'vaflmvit Menaw 
I j Owein fiitit Howel merltur. Gextiles 'oa^mv€rtm$ McQC 

\ viam, Lanpader & Landroch. 

Mareduc cenfum reddidit « mtrls gentitus. 
Mareduc vafimvit Maifliineid. 
Owein vsftmvtt Dvnet ^ Cairdigan. 
Bflltnm imter flies Aleuric & jMaricnc. Plceruia fiHl&m 
ric. Teudur^v; Eyniaun 3- ecciditur. 
Mtitducfiim Owein merltur. 

^ Menevia vsfiMtur Jt gentilitus^ & Morgenew epifcef. ec 
iidtter. 

Kenan /f/icr Howell octlditur. Menevia vaftatmr i Saxo 
nibus^ Edric ^ Ubric. 

Aiaanj$//W Bledkenrid ctnn ^.fiGis i # Leweloo 9cci£iur. 
FjJ- i»v fc- Lewelin jEfiirj Sifille rex Venedotix fitgnavh comtrM Reyn 

m Fillius MS. fi Extiguitur MS. y Eis MS. ^ Felio 
MS. t Occidirer MS. ( Sie. « Sh. ^ Occidecur MS 



,.i! 



(I 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. «f 

qui itcetat fe ijfi filium Mariduc , e^ deviSta efi Rcyn im 
« Aj/^/tfGuili. * 

Eilaph venit in Brytanniam, & nfafismtHjntt & Mene- 
viaxn. Lewelin moritur. 

Roodrich reg. dextral: Briconum tinuit. 

Keinzn fi/ius Sifille ocdditur. SifiMt. 

Redercn ///W Geftine occiditur. 

Jacob (irpii Brwin, ;. #. Howel ^ Mereduc, tinuerunt reg : 

Mzrcduc jllius Edwyn i fiflii Kenan occiditur. 

Cradauch)r///irx Rearic at Angiis occiditur. 

Sweyn rex Anglise moritur. 

Gentiles tenuerunt y Mcuric filium Howel. 

Jacob rex Venedotias occiditur , pro quo Grifin ap LLuelin 
reg: & HowclumjS/wwi Edwin expulit. 

Herbin eftfcofus Meneven : moritur. 

Bellum Pencader in quo viHorfuitGriBn. 

Grifin caPtusfuit kgeTttilihus iXilyn. 

How djuius Edwyni acceftis ao. naviius gentilium coronaPus 
e/L ^ ccepit defolare Cambriam, cut oiviavit Grifith filiuo 
ULuelin, & commiffb ietto in ofiio Teyni cecidit Howell. 

Tota dextra/is f atria Cambr : metu gonttlium. 

Grifin//. Lewelni interfecit Grifith^. Redric. 

Defiruaio Herfbrd i Grifino. Fihus Harold vajlavit re^ 
giones Angli : auxilio Grifin. 

Owein filius Grifithe moritur. 

Griphin jE&'irf Lewelini rex Britomim occidituri 

Jofeph efrfcoput Meneven : moritur. 

Bellum inter Bledyn & Rualam, fUos Cinnin, ^ Mareduc 
^ Idwal, jilios Gnfini. 

Rualstn occiditur. Bledyn regnavit. 

Mirednc^ jUius Owein, i Cradac,){//> Grifin, ^ i Francis 
occiditur fufer ripam Ktmey* 

Franci vafiaverunt Cairaigan. Menevia & Bangor vafiatM KtnmumL 
^ gentiliius. Gentiles nunc fro Danis, nunc Hibemis fomt. 

Bledus epifcopus Meneven : moritur. SucceJ/lt Fulgentius. Fol. to4.a« 
Franci iterum vafiaverunt Cairdigan. 

Bledin jjllius Kennin dolo malignerum do Eftratewy i Res 
fiio Owein occiditur^ cui fucce^t Traharin, filius Craqdauc 
ejus confohrinus^ ret : Venodotise tantum tenens. 

Rese^RednclQf/Craadauc dextralpn Britann. f termmf. 

Redric filius Craudauc dolo occiditur i eonfohino fuo Meir*- 
chanri. 



# Sic. F. filiis. r Mauritius yirff J lin. f F. tenuerunt. 

Bellum 



in:. 




LELANiyS ITIKERARY. 

SiBim Pullgudic, h quo Traharn ^ex Venedot : « ^ISm 
<^ Mafamiiia Res cecidit. In fine hujus amm Res ir HoiTt) 
tjmfrattT i Craudatfc, filtft Grifihi,- occlduntut. 

Fulgenus efifcopat : Meneven : reli^uH cJ* Abraham tff<^. 
'BLt^mlus Teuder ineepit reg. 

Meneva a gentUlhvs vaftata^ ^ Abraham epifcofus ecdfii. 

Fulgenius/Www Menevenfeiti f'efeth. 

Belmm montk Cirn, tn quo Traharn filius Craudauc, i 
Craudauc//. Grifin, & Meilir //; Rualan, ^ ResjfTii 
Teuder, ^ Grifin/rd'ffrEimaun, ^ }^coh occiduntur. 



Gul. rtfx Anglix fi Menevia feteg^e 'venir 
Res filius Teudir de reg.fuo expeui 
Maduc, Cadugaun, & Ririd. 



Res filius Teudir dereg.fuoexpeUitur ajtltis Bledith, ui 

laduc, Cadugaun, tt Ririd. 

Res Hibern : petiit^ & cum y ctdjfe redtlt^ ^ in teBo i 



Penletheren//// Bledich ciciderunf. 

Scrinium 5. David ablatum 4 ^d Menevia Jfoltmid. 

Obiit Sulgeng ePifcopus Meneven, y^-. anno atdits fu£. 

Ktz filius Teuaer a Francis, qui in • Brech^niane haliii 
imtt^ oecidttur. 



•3 



Tune Dynet vnfiaiur i Cadugaha, filio Bledi . 

e 

Franci invadUnt Keredigaun ^ Dynet, c&* cdfieBd » i 
frmaverunt, 

Walli tempor, Gul . Juni : Francorum cafleOa in Nor- Wall 
Idiruuitj & in Cairdigan & Dynet • excepius Penbroc i 
Rydcors. Franci devafiaht Gohef. Kidv^elli, EftratciJ 

i 

Kairdigan, E>ynet & Eftratewi Depte veniam Sr/ertart. 

Gul. filius Baldwini, qui jujfu regis Giil : cafie&fnrBSdcQ 
fundavhy moritur^ & capeUum deferitur. 
^^^^^* Brechnauc, Guent ef Guenlinrie tjugufd Franc. rejf»u% 
Franci adificant cdfletta in Brekniauc. 

Provinc. Pembrok i Wallis vafidtd. 

Gerarodus dapifer deVembtoc fines Mendviac vmfiai. 

Walli « defenduTit Monafn contra duos Hugones comifes. 

CorHltes cafira conjlruttnt in Monai. 

Mag : rex Norwegiae pugnat cum confuUBus. 

Caducan fit ; Bledin i Francis partem WalUse aceipiu 

Lewelin///«f Cadugaua ah hominitus de a Brechauc oa 
ditur. 



« Sk. $ Sic. y An clafle ? ^ F. &. • Sic in MS. A 

Brecheniauc? ^ F. diruunt. n F. exceptis. 5 -^ petunl 
i Jungum MS. « Defundunt MS. a Sh. 



Grii 



JLELANiyS ITfNJERARY. J7 

Gxi&r^ filiu$ l^n^ Movm^ oifidit. Bj^,w$ui^/^/W Stihen 
, ffiff^ffff maritur. 

lapps 
r Hugo Craflus urhia Legionum comes « morltur^ iui Rogerus ihig* Ow/in 
" ejus juius fuccejjit. 2f??*^ 

GroAoe//. Cadugaun <i^/a '^"^* 

■? Jornerch // ; Bl.e^ifii cefitfr^trmfftum Mur^dutli, c^ /> f 4frr 
-. (eremtruft, teffiforeHex^ricii. 

^ Jornerth jf/. Bledin f^/^»x <r/? <ii hommhus regis Anglic 0fu4 
: /B Slopesberiam, i/f^jfr/ i^foUmen Smaonisc. 
^ Owein^/. Edwini ^^/;>. 

HowelJjJ//W.QrpAo^ i Ricl^.a^4.Q ///<> B Wuerin expulfus 

* f rie</4tf i?g/V. Howel //. Grqao.e Mpje Frajici* iQ^i^V Ricd- i?jf«eefrt 

, Maurici cafteL 

J' cors, c^iGoogaun///oMeric occlfus. 

Metric & Crifip jW; Traharyn 4* Oweno yjf/w G34u- 
■^ gaua ^ftf//?, 
^' Mareauc/Z/Vx Cartere ^a;^!^. Fla^d^enfes ^r^Ros venerunt. 

* Geraldus daftfer firmavit cafieUum de Kilgarran. 
CafteUum Kenarch at Oweii) j!//^ Cadugaun defiruitur. 

§iuamohem expulfus efi ad Hibern ; fed eodem anno oh it. 

jorntrth fiiius BXtoinjifJfu regis Aagli« 4e carcere A IHera^ 
tus in patrlam reditu 
i Oweyn filius Caduggup, & yis^xp^cfilius Ridir, cornhf- 
^ferunt Merionith. 

O^ tin fecit irruptiones rf^ Cairdigan in Flandrenfes. ^<f- 



! frofter Cairdigan t a miffit^ ^ Gilberto jffie? Ricbardi traditur^ 



\ 



Owein ^ Mad^uc e^p^ll% Hibpm : petunt ; fed Madauc 
tediit & latuit ip fUvif* 

Jornerth i Maudauc pepot^ fuq inSerficitur^ ^ at eodem fo\.ios.M^, 
Maudauc Cadugaun/i»f avHpculus interpcitur, 

Owein rediit 0k Hibera : & $ terram fuam a rege Angl. 
recepit. 

Madauc filius Ridir ifamiU^ Mariduc teni^ur^ & traditur 
Owein, i quo ocuHsptiivatMs ejt. 

Wilfxidus epifcopus Menevenfis moritur. SucceJJit Bernardus . 
Nornpannus, 

Gtifiti filius Kes fecit irruptiones in n Flandrenfes 

Gri^n filius Re$ Arberth cafieUum inva/it & deftruxit^ & 
'viOam if/^Cairmardin comtuffit^ & Owein filius Craudauc iti 
acciditur. 

BeBum geritur apud caftell : Aberyfcoice. 



m Moriter ibCS. fi Sic. y Filli MS. 4 Libertatus MS. 
t F. amifit. { Terrum MS. n Flandreofis MS. 

Owein 



88 LELAND'S ITINERARY^ 

Owein i Flandreniibus in Eftrate Brunns occlJitur* 

Einaun /S/: Cadugaun, & GrifithjE/ritf Mariduc eafieUum 
Vendcraitn, f^i tfi Kymcncr, firegtrunt^ & terram u ejm 
•htinuerma^ 

Gilbertus filius Richardi mmtur. 

Bettum Mays Mayn Kembro, m quo hynndxth filiuf Oweia 
cecidH. Howell^/ : iU vulueratus fofiea oHiU 

GtiBxi filius Mariduc occidit lAiZXl finttrem Ridir dmfohi" 
warn fuum. 

Cidw9\zMnfi. iwtiffecit 3. avunculos fuos^ filios Owein, 
Gronoe, Ridir ^ Mauer. 

Morgan fil: Cadu^un oceidit fratrem fuum Mareduc^ 

Grifith/zJirx Rc$ <fi^Hcnrico re^e k terra fus expulfus. 

Morg2Lnfili$fsCzdj qui ok fratricidium Hierofoly : fetii$^ in 
filva Cipres moritur. 

M^zdac filius Linnarth i JennBbfilio Owein octiditur. 

{zmorth filius Lywanh i Lcwtlinfilio Owein occi^titmr. 
^cwclin filius Owein i Mariduc fiiio Bledin oculis & tefii- 
eulis Privatus. 

fi f enudb frater Owein i confoMms fuis filUs Lennarth 
occimitur. 

Madauc fr^er Lennarch i Meuric filio Meuric cowfohino 
fuo hsteffcitur. 

Meiinc fiius Meuric y oculis privatus. 

Jomerth filius Owein dl occiditur. 

CzdwUzn filius Grifin i confobrino fuo GdAMpxifirstre Go^ 
noe occiditur. 

Grifith frater Res cum onmibus duciius t Canbr: fupusvit 
contra Francos & Fiandrenfes apud Aberteyni & vich. Sinan 
// : Owein ihi occiditur. Owein & Cadwalader jG7 : Grifin 
W6Liof.h.comiuferunt caftettum Eftrat Meuric ^ & fofiea ( md HIS9" 
Anaraud & Cadel & Grifin firatritus defiruxermsf cafiott: do 
Cairmardin. Tofiea venerunt cum ijr* navitus gewtililms fUms 
a/ Aberteyni. & treugas fecerunt ad temfufcuSm. 

Gentiles Jfoliaverunt ecclefae de Landedoch & Seint Dog«< 
maele. 

Kenricus JJ//W Owein occiditur at Howell/r^/re Mareduc. 

Mareduc}i/i»x Howell na fiKis Bledin )i/; Guin. 

Howell^<f^«' Mariduc d^ occifus i Res pio Howell. 

Anauraud)?if/^ Griffin occifus ifamiliarilms Cadwaladar. 
Mors Mi/». Mylo Hcrford : comes iSu fagitta militis dum certmm Pe* 

Ikrrf.r4m. ^^^^ ^^^y^^' ^ 

ii Eisitf^. fi Sic. y OulusAW. di Occidetur Jtfff. • F. 
Cambriae. { Forfan^ adjunftis. n Deofi occiditur. 3* Oc- 
cifa MS. 

Oweia 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. 89 

Owein ^ Cadwalader cMcardati. 

m Prima fundatio monach : de Albalauda per Bernardum 
tfifcopum Menevenfem, qui deMt eh locum afud Trefgarn /» 
Denglethef. 

fi Owel//iVx Owein & Kenan y ejusfrater dejirux : Abcr- 
teyni. 

Meriducji//W Madaucj^/: Iduerth ai Hugone cccifus efi. 
Mcaric filius Madauc ^fuit occifus. Cadel frater Owein cum 
aliis invaferunt Carmardein & Lanftupha Caftle. 

Hugo de mortuo mari oculos Kc&fratris How el eruit in cat" 
cere. Bernardus efifcoPus Meneven ; oUH 33. efifcof : Jut tf»- 
no : cui David J" GirMwsfilius fucceffit, 

Owcln frater Grifich cafiellum in terra Yale amfiruxit. ^^* ^^^ 

M^nzdsiuc frater Mereduc Crois Ofwald readificavtK ^CnuOfmUU 
Jedit Kenevelliauc nefotihts futs Owein & Meuric fiU: Grif- 
fith. Airon;?* ; in Cardiganlhire. 

Cadel, Res & Mereduk/i7; Howelli,//. Owein, • Cuirdi- ^^ M»- 
gan vi 5 abftulerunty & Euftrate Meuric dtdijlcaverunt. "Ks 

Cadell ifagittartis de Denbigh occifus. 

Maneducjif/wRes,//. Grifith. veneno extinBus. 

Res flius Griffith foffam afud Aberedeui fecit ^ & caflettum ^JT^^ 
ihifundavtt. ^^'' 

, Rogerus comes de Clare cafiettafua fer Cairdiganjfinw^w/. 

Madauc filius Maruduc princefs Powife oUit» 

Res filius Grifin cafieUa de Walwerins & Lanandcueri Oi*«^ 
mcepit. Vn^^ 

Henricus a. venh Pencader. dmHi!^ 

Cadugane J?/. Marioln occifm ah W^lterofilio Richardi. FoL 106. «• 

jR^v Angliac oifdes Wallorum xx. « oculis & tefiicuUs fri^ 
'vavit. 

Caflle de Aberteyni per dolum i ReCo fiio Grifin captum^ & 
mdjolum defiruSum. 

Robertus fil. Stephen eufios caftri eaptus. 

O-^J tin frater Grinth cumfuis adificaverunt cafirum de Cair- ^^irHtii* 
bonaun. In reditu cafiel: de Walwerin hakuerunt. *^* 

Res jf/rW Grifin aJfif: cafieU: de Abereynaun. 

Owain & Res caftetl: de Rudelan defiruxerunt. 

Res//: Grifin defiruxit cafleU: de Buelih. 

Robertus Jf//«f Stephaun i carcere Wallorum liter : Hibem: 
fetit^ & Caftle Carreg adificavit. 

Refus frater Griffin re^difcavit Caftell Aberteyni quod 
^ defiruxerat. 



rnVrimoMS. fiSie. yEisMS. >F.Giraldi. iSic. {Ab- 

fiuerunt MS. n Oculus & teftient is MS. ^ Deftruxeret MS. 

Vol. 8. M Refus 




LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

ReSu frMtiT Grinn cafirwm it Sweinfey xo» Sept. uMiA: 
fid m tkfdi defermit. 

Hoclus /I jkVvf Red csfinnm ie Villa Viech i/tf/0 f^, (}• 
Lanamdeueri dePmxjU 

Ropnis de MofCim caframCajn^ron firmMvlt. 

GuI. de BreoU csfirum de S, Claro smcefit^ ^ 4. if/«ii. 
Howcli jt'. Rcfi. 

Res/r^frGiidn cnAmfft Cairmardin ^ Mafcheoeth. 

Pecnis ffljifns Menevcn : y uovmmopms eccleJU S.Da7ufis 

' CKif If. 

Johianes rfx loco. msMm i Milford jar Hibem. jrvfffltf. 

Lice^umfhit t wtvum 9fgs majoris ecclefi^ S. ThomxHl- 
vcifordiae. 

Henhcus Turbeviiyirrorrri/ cafir§ de Cairmardin, &fitgi 
fmtiw de Cairmardin. 

Boche Pndrastb Vmn and VewdtMtb Vebmm ry£c in a pece 
of CmirmMrdjmfbire caullid Ijtwe iffe KemeMy that is to fay it 
lerme fi^frtar skeut Kemmem Rjver. and becwyzt the Heddes 
of thei'e a. is only an Hille, wherin be Stones of a ^ranlbe 
Coloare that the People ther make Lyme of. The Name of 
the Hill that Vendrsitb Vmnr rifethe in is cawlyd MaaUk 
VmuT^ and there is a Poole as in a Morefch Ground caulU 
LUntegeveu^ wher the principall Springe is. This Hill is an 
Fd. iotf« b. 8. or 9. Myles from Kidwefy. The HOI that Vemdr^Ai F^ 
b^M fpringith owt of is cawled Memitb Vebmm. This oim- 
mythe by Kidwelly Towne. 

But a 3. or 4. Miles or it cum thither it receyvydie 1 
Brooke into it caull?d J^efgirtb. The Courfe of this is litle 
above a Myle from the Place where it goithe into VenirdA. 
And yet it hatbe'4. or 5. Tukkynge Mylls, and a a. Cone 
Mills : and at the Hedde of this Brooke is an Hole on the 
Hill Syde where Men often encre and walke in ipadous 
Rome of a Whic Sandy fmothe Soyle undar the Foote, aod 
ther Men fable that dyvers Prints of Wormes be iene in the 
Smdsy but that none of the Vermyn is fene there. The tyme 
harhe bene that the Inhabitaunts there hathe for feare hyddeo 
thevr Goods ; and as for the Broke is one of the plentinilleft 
and commodyows oiWeles. 

All the Sydes a longe of Vendttntb Vmtr be full of Coles. 
LU f4rri The Caftle of Lie Csreig that hathe bene fo famous ftaad- 
Wm11I!m^ ing upon a hy Rok ftepid on every Syde, from whensthc 



« Fcrtej obfxdionem. fi pilli MS. y Novam MS. 
Novam MS. • Sic. 

gretc 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 91 

great Rife of Wales derivitb. as from the Princis, his Lyne, 

IS apoa the Hill that ftandithe bc^twixt the x. Fendraiths. It 

is now but ruine, and na Very greate Diftaunce from it is 

a nocbar ftepe Rok caullyd Oii/f Dinai^ whereby in the Bot^ff^sVinm. 

torn fome lay that ther hathe bene a Towne. And that 

there hathe bene a Bridge bitwyxt thefe i. Rokks. This 

Brige for Stepenes was nevar archid with Stone. A leffe 

Lykelyhode ther is that it was of Tymbar, the Diftauncc of 

the z. Rokks be fuche. And there is alio a Hole by the 

Heade of Wendraith Vehan^ where Men ufe to entre in, and 

there they fay be fbatius Waulks, and that thens gouiche 

one way undar the Ground to Wotme hedde^ and a norher to 

Calr Kennen Caftle a 3. Miles and more into the Land, 

Ther is very good Hawkynge for Herons on Vendralth 

Vetian, 

There is alfo a wonderful! Hole at the Poynt of Worme 
heade, but few dare enter into it, and Men fable there that 
a Dore withein the fpatius Hole hathe be fene withe great 
Nayles on it : but that that is fpoken of Waters there ren« 
nynge undar the Ground is more lykely. 

Kair Kennen Caftell is fo namid of the River that goith by l^]- J?7. «. 
it, and the hole Courfe of this Ryver litle paffithe 2. Myles, cXuT"* 
and goithe into Tewe aboute Landilonaur a x. Myles and 
more uppar in Tewe then Dmevor Caftele.- A lytle benethe 
the Heade of Cair Kenen that ftondithe in a Syde of the 

bUk 
Rootes of Menneih de is Calr Kenen Caftell^ fome tyme of 
great Name the Princis of Southe-Watts beinge inProfperitie. 
And aftar longe tyme fawlynge ftill to ruyn was at the laft 
ffelunca latronum^ and therapon a yo. or (Jo. Yeres fyns almoft 
totaly defaqrd by Men of Kydvely^ findyngc the Contry 
vcxid withe Reforte of Theves thethar. 

There is within halfe a Myle of l)riflan Caftel on Tnpe 
on a Hyll betwixt the Highe wave to Cairmarden and the 
Rype ot Tewe a mightye Campe of Men of Warre with 4. or 
5*. Diches and an area in the Midle. It is of fome caullyd 
Jtoun^hajy that is to fay, The round Hegge^ and of fome 
cauUid j^rcair gather. 

The Caftle, as fome fay, of JoyhsGard in the Foreft ofpf AeRa- 
come bctwyxt LLan Stupham and Tane muth. Sm A'* 

The Hcd of Tewe Ryver cumynge to Cairmarden is in a ^^ \^ 
Forrcft Wodde caullyd BysJhofPs Fdrefi about a xxiiii. Myles thinge. 
from Cairmarden^ and the Hed of this Ryver is almofte in 
the midle wayc betwixt LLandewy Streme and LLancanerj 
CafteU. 

M z Ther 



>4 L£LA3^-3^ 

7?f « «h*r Kjrm^lmt^ uirvi sdZi-: mxe : 




ih^ kmmlf wu ^ffidmmwmrt cmSmm^ Am. ne isOE T3r2 
T^rtfii^, bujidj'^e vif sxacbt zrjwurt Satmsi^ Cafel 
ujv, tJWTf yrt rrffu/t:^ film Tokesf of & I>a=ik bsehb 
#iv*</Tj f/ ft WaJ], acd tiit Ci-tr be TcitsiH ir ja nmrlbf 
(j;> ji yrvy wky bcj^xyit oe hi^t S ia e is mone ^ze ZIbbcx 

WM 4 mpi'j Jtrgc Towac. 

Th« MfAutLtry w» Cain the be& Parse of al sbTjib; 
&i»d k^rd bv it where the Pariocfae Cfaarabc s -w&p^ 
K^nuhbf Pftlacc. Wimbekwmlft is let ia ite Ross s& 
tijw^fdg. 

TUt Kyvcr that cummyche is the old ToraeiK 
thor^iUjr^h the Mydle of I9^tnchdc9mk is cohbodIt cnL<«3e 

ir rcnniffhc, it chanirythe the Name, and aAar m :^i^ 
KovfJ/jam at t litlc Village cauUyd Amft^m it 
^v<9«* 'I'hc I lead (>f thu Rivar is a x. Myli 

thtUlcomh in the 1 III I. 

'f ni« Kiverct cummythe within a Qwartar of a Mix ct 
Umj10$ Monaflcrie in tne Valley under it. 
^•1 i'#^, I. Ohlc Scr I7«r/rfy Sti^ord*^ Father was on the Fedd, ai 
very ftiftc s^ayne Henrj fhc vii. where he was taken, mi 
after hchcdid at Brwdele Townc aboute the wiche Qiaitas 
hr had mtichc I«andc. 

Sudihy Caflcll by H^tncheUomhe was buildid, as it is dioe 
< omcmty fpokcn, fxfpolih nohilium ieOo Gallico csfttrum. 

HufUr I,()rd Sudiicy. 

The I/ird Harinp^ton^ a Man of fayre Lands in L,ma^ 
.Ihir0 and oiliar PurtcH. marid the Heire of the Lorde Bmi^ 
vilU ol Drvoufhtre , oy whom he had the Lordefhipes of 
l4^i$9chcomh xwA Shaute with othar Landes. The laft Lordc 
III ilir vny Name oj" the Hartngtons was flayne Aeff^MB 
hcf wi Kl K vn^»r //€«iyrr the vi. and Edvarde the 4. whos Wife 
ihr 1 .Old Ihfiht^rs tluit was bcheddid by Richard Duke then 
i>l iShrrftrr \\\ t\\c Toiir of London did marie. Sens I hard 
I \\M one Krv/Of h Aud Hornriy. Hsrington of Harntf. There 
WAK a yon^\cr Brother of the Unrytrgtons that had in Gifte 




— LELAND'S ITINERARY. 93 

^ Lentatt dyenge without Iflwe Male Icfte 2. Dowghtars, 
— whereof one cailyd Cafarsne was maried to one of the Lord 
^ S9i/cbefj the other to Cornwale Baron of Burford^ and fo cam. 
^^they to be Copartiners in the Lord Grey of Codnor^s Lands, 
-i- The Lordes Souches hathe had by a good tyme Parte of Fol. io«* a# 
=^the Lorde Cantelufes^ and the Lorcl S. Maures Lands. 

The Caftle of Gresty in Notynghamjhire was the Lord 
Jc Canteiupe% and fum of the Cantelufes lay byried at Bewvale 
:^ a Houle o^Cartufyans there. 

The Lordes Souches had aftar this Caftelle. 
=: This Lorde Southed Father lay muche at a goodly Manor 
-z. Place cauUid Marfch by Bruton in Somerfettefblre. This Houie 

is now in Ruine. 
u The Lorde Souche that is now hathe a faire Manor Place 
a: in Devonjhir cauUid . . . . . It is a . . . Myles from 
I Excefier. And this Manor with othar cam to this Lord 
B Souche by one of the 4.Dowghtars and Heires of the Lord 
I Dunham of Devonjhire that was his Mothar. 
t The 4. Dowghtars and Heyres of the Lord Dunham were 
^ maried to the Lord Souche^ to the Lord Fitz^Gwarin^ to A^ 
rundeU^ and to the Baron of Carov, 

DoTPTj alias Stour^ Ryver rifethe out of the Pondes of Hales Dtwrta 
j^'Owen^ a Priori of Whit Chanons, and othar Springs ther^^«^ 
^ about. (The Cource of Dour^ ^i^sStowfj Ryver in fPtcefter- 
g Jb:re.) Thence it goithe to the Tounelet of Hales Owen in 
jj WiceRerJhlre^ about a Myle of in rlfafufeti Then toSture^ 
Brtdge in Wicefierjhtre a Market Towne about a ^. Myles of* 
* Thens to Kinnar a Thorough Fare a a. Myles /» ri^a m /«- 
/r^. Thens to Sturton Caftle (as I remembar in Stajfordjbire) 
a Myle from Kinnar. It ftondithe on a Hill a litle from the 
hither Rype. {Bewdley is a a. Myles from Ksdour.) Thens 
to Kidour Mynffre a good Market Towne, and rennethe 
thrwghe the Mydle ot it, and at Rages drownythe a Pcce 
of it. In Kidour Mnjlre is but one Churche, but it is laree. 
The Perfonage was mpropriate to the Chanons of Mayaen 
Bradley in WUeJhire. A litle benethe Kidour is a fayre Ma- 
nor Place on Stour caulyd CandaleweL It was the /8 Conxeys^ 
and now it lon^ethe to the Winters^ Men of fayre Lande. 
Stovre govthe into Seveme by the hither Rype of it at 
Stourmoutbe a litle bcnethc Mitton a. Myles trom Kidour 
Mynfier. 

cltnte in Coiplage^ wher S. Kenelme was martirid, is a a. Fol. tol.k 
Miles from Hales Priorie. 



m F. fuper. $ Jin Conwcys ? 

Averey 



z 



mmckti" 



94. LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Aoiftj Ptribn of "Dtrnt tolde me that he hid redd th 
Asksfftims^ the Martherer of S. Witutlm^ wms mariedi 
Si^wJredj Siftar to S. Kemebmej and chac he rejmid a x. or 
Teres after Kemelme^ untyll fiiche tvme chat a Kianefinan< 
Keuelmes put hym downe. Buc loke bettar for this Mtm 
aftiperias Sens he tolde me that it is in S. Ktm€bm^% Lyfe diati^ 
dmxitQpaf€i^eriMs was nuried to ^bewirede^ and reignid with her ' 
' or a. Yeres untyll Kemelm's Uncle jpuc hym downe. K 
faythe that it aperithe by Seint Ketteamg^g Legend that Wk 
ebekmmti was 9ffidmm wmrg cmSmm. And he faythe that d 
Towne Buyldinge was muche toward Sudelej Caftell, ai 
that ther yet remayne fum Tokens of a Diche and the Fooi 
dacion of a Wall, and that ther be Tokens of an otbar Wi 
up a praty way beyonde the highe Screte above the Chard 
where the Farme of Corwiime is : fo that of old tymc 
was a miehty large Towne. 

The Monaftery was fet in the bed Parte of all the Tom 
and hard by it where the Parioche Churche is was Kyoj 
Kiwulfbe Palace. Wincbekmmti is fet in the Rottes of ( 
tif99lde. 

The Ryver that cummythe as the old Towne ftoo 
thorough the Mydle of Jf^ncielt$mte is comonly caulyd tt 
Grope cumie^ but aftar a litle benethe IhJk^^m^ by the whic 
it rennithe, it changythe the Name, and aftar a this (f 
Eovejbam at a litle Villag;e caullyd Amfton it rennythe in 
Avon. The Head of this Rivar is a x. M yles above W) 
tbeUfcomh in the HilK 

Tnis Riveret cummvthe within a Qwartar of a Mylc 
Hajles Monafterie in tne Valley under it. 
Fol. lop. a. Olde Ser Umfrej Stafford's Father was on the Feeld, n 
very ftifFe agayne Hemry the vii. where he was taken, a 
after behedid at Bewdele Towne aboute the wiche Quarte 
he had muche Lande. 

Sudeley Caftell by Winchelcomhe was buildid, as it is the 
comonly (poken, exjfoiiis noifUium beUo Gallico cMpivrum. 

Butlar Lord Sudeley. 

The Lord Harlngtony a Man of fayre Lands in ZsMmufit 
Jbire and orhar Partes^ marid the Heire of the Lorde Bn 
wile of Devonfhlre , oy whom he had the Lordefhipes 
IVtnchecomhe and Shoute with othar Landes. The laft Lor 
of the very Name of the Harinpons was flayne UeOo ck 
betwixt Kynge Henry the vi. and Ed-war de the 4. whos Wi 
the Lord Hapinzes that was beheddid by Richard Duke th( 
of Glocefier in the Tour of Ltmdon did marie. Sens I ha 
that one NevtUe baud Kornshy. Harington olHombj. The 
was a yonger Brother of the Karyngtons that had in Gif 

Home 



J LELAND'S ITINERARY. 95 

" W$mihy Caftelle : and an Heire Generall of this Howfe was 
aftar maried to one of the Staniilijs^ aftar Lord MountegU^ 

* that had a Child, but dead bome^ as fum faye, by hir : 
\ whereupon he required the Lands for Terme or Lyfe, and 
^ beinge in Poceflion aftar bbught the Inheritaunce of it to 

hym and his Heirs. 
The fole Dowghtar and Heire of the Lorde Uarinpon 

* cawlyd was maried to ThimM the firft Mar- 

' quefe of J>9rfit that f avorid the cummynge of Ht^rj the vii. 
'' and he had by hir a 14. Children, bothe Men and Wimen, 
\ of excedinge goodly Parfonage, of the whiche the firft Sune 
^ lyvyd not longe, and then had Thomas the Name of Lorde 
^ Harhgton^ and aftar was the fecond Marquefe of Dorfit. 

' There is a Ruine and Waulles of a Caftle in Lancafierjhtre 

^ cawlyd Glefi^n CaftelLfometyme longynge to the Lorde Ha- g^^I^ Ct. 

^ ringUns^ now to the Marquife of Dorfet. It ftondithe a 2. ^^^^* 

Miles from Carthemmh. 
? Syr John Grey that maried the Dowghtar and Heire of the 
1 Lorde Ferraros of GroSy was flayne ieUo civili^ as I hard, at 
\ Northamfton ; but I am not furc of this. That Gray whofe rol, 109. h; 
Wyfe, Dowghtar to the Lord Byvars^ was aftar maried to 
Kynge Edward^ was Fathar to Thomas iirft Marques of Dor- 
fit. The Marquefe of Dorfet by Heires Generales of the 
Rivers had the fayre Manor Place of Grafton^ and goodly 
Parks and Lands thereaboute. for the whiche he gave hym 
in Exchange Lvghhorim with Parks there about, and otnar 
goodly Lands in lAtreeftarJhire. IsUghhorow was of the BeU 
lemountsla^ni^^ and the late old Countes of Oxforde had it 
in Dowre. 

Luterworthe Towne and Lands there aboute be of Enhe- 
ritance to the Lord Marques of Dorfet by the Title of 
Grobj* 

Bewmanery wher Leonard Gray hy the Kyng's Leave dyd 
dwell, was alfo the Lord BellemontSj and fo was the great 
Pafture betwyxt Leircefire and Groby caulyd Bellemonts 
Leafe. 

Woheferofte Priorie of Blake Chanons about a Mile from mivefiffn 
Brodegate was the Sepulture of divercs of the Ferrares of ^'oryc. 
Groif. And there was buried a late the Couiicis of Wicefier^ 
Wvie to the Lord Ixeonard Graye. 

As f^r as I could perceyve by queftioninge with the aun- 
cient Servaunts and Officers of the Marquefe of Dorfet e^ fuche 
Parte of the Erie of "Leyrcefter Launds as cam to Sacrus de 
^Igjnd Erie of Wyncheftar fell aftar by Heires Generals to 
the LordSeBemonte^ Ferrares and Lovelle. 

Maftar 






9(j LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Mailar C^mfiMe cold me that the Name of his FanEe 
was nocoblicatyd by the Erles oScbefimr^ and d&ac it mi 
Name taken by reafon of Office borne. He colde me lUb 
thac one of his Prediceflbrs maned a Dowghtar of die lift 
Eric or Lyncolne, 

j TheDichcs and thePlotte where cheCaftelle of JCnrt ftoode 

I appere aoc rar from che Chirche of Mere the Market Toone. 

^ The goodly Goce Ho wfe and Fronce of the Lorde AnrCn's 

T Howfe in Stourttm was buyldyd ex [fdus GmOmrwm^ 

■\ m origo &- Sir JViUiam Farre rold me chat his Aunciters were Menof 

iniiiae liiii a XX. Marks of Land by the Yere in the Manchrs of Mfa, 
''\ HtMffci, ^^^ j.i^^|. Qnc of chem beinge Clarke of the KechTn widi one 

; ' of the Lorde Hojfes fell in Love with a Dowghtar of hii| mi 

. maried hir agayne hir Father's WiUc. by whome the Q- 

i^dJiwu jicll of KefuUue^ and 30c. Marks by x ere of Land amo 
]i ^Hir^ ^^^^ Parte, and lb was the Name firft in the Nordic Putt 

1} pX'i lo. a. nobilicatc. 

!| Mafter BnuUweld told me that the Bmffejs dE LjwcJ^m 

ij had a loco./i. of Lands by the Yere in the qrme oSBakml 

the fecond, and that a great Peace of the Vale and f\xpt 
from Hmwtiwgtom to Lyncolne fi of cheyr Poceffiona, anddur 
|f they had 1. Caftells in that y Partes, whereof one wis ac 

■4 F^ktrnghsm^ that fins the Lorde BeUewwt had, and now the 

\ Duke of Ntfthfolke hathe it as a Pece of axtayntyd Laod 

^ inGifte. 

Ther is a great Fe gateryd abowte Bojhme Parts by th« 

! ntrmtiiu Name of PetromHe de U Corowe^ Dowghtar by ly kelihode to I 

'^ CmmA, i^ Cornte^ Foundar ofFrtfi^n Prioric. and buned at Cnjhai 

'\ This Fe is now payde to the Lorde ^ffe. but the Kd^ 

Jjf^ mount Fee is grcatar there. 

^^^ • There is afio a nothar Fee cauled Fef^rMue^ and that dii 

Lorde Unfej had. And the Owners of thefe Fees be Loni 

of the Towne o^Bcfion. 

tfA^' Maftar TajneB told me that he faw at Brmilej in tb 

Parrs by Buijngham manifeft Tokens that it had bene 

Wallyd Toune, and Tokens of the Gates andTowre&in th 

Walles by the halfe Cirkles of the Foundations of them. ( 

fdwght diligently, and could find no Tokens of Wales € 

•Diches.) And that there hathe bene a CaftelL the D^ke ao 

^ . .. Hills whereof do yet appere. (I faw the Caftle Plott.) An 

H^Mmt. ^jj^^ ^Yitx hathe bene dyvars Churches in it. And that the 

was of late a Place of Crofifyd Friers, and that one Ne^ 

great Gentilman there was buried. And that one Ne^ 



m Origio fimilia MS. ^ F. addend, was. 




LELAND'S ITINERARY. 97 

apon a tyme kyllyd in the Cburche at Brakeley a Prieft and 
buried hym in his facrid Veftiments : and that this NeviU 
toke there an othar Prift and buried hym quike. 

Maftar TayneB tolde me alfo that he faw an olde Boke intUnU 
theQujer, or the Veftrie, of Brakeley Churche,wherein were ^? 
manyThings of the Afts done at that Churche^-- "*^ ' 

Nomina epifcoporum m Wtgom. rolno.W 

Bofelus eptfcopus Wigorn : in annaDotn. 6^z^ 

Oftoforus in armo 717. 

Eugenius, alias ^ Exwinus, in anno 743« 

Wufridus anno Dom. y 775. 

Milredus anno Dom. 78^. 

Weremundus anno Dom. 791. 

Thilherus anno Dom. 798. 

Hethercdus anno Ifom* %ii. Dedit Icombe« 

Denebertus anno Dom, 84^. 

Headberius anno Dom. S^x* Dedit Crole. 

Alchimus anno Dom, 915', 

Wereferthus anno Dom. 912. 

Athelwinus anno Dom, 919. 

Wilbertus anno Dom. 9^7. 

Kenewoldus anno Dom* 938. Dedit Odingley. 

S. Dunftanus 7 . ,^ • 

S. Ofwaldus f "^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 9^9- 

Adulphus anno Dom. 1003. 

Wulitanus reprobus anno Dom* 1025'* 

Leoffius anfto Dom. 1041 ^ 

Britegus annoDom.lo^^.p'xce{tor^o\tt^^^ Ipojleaefifeofi. 

• Livigus anno Dom. 106 1* 

Aldredus anno Dom* io6x. 

S. Wolftaun anno setatis ( fu^ fins fuam 50. anno Dom* mlffMmt 
X095r» « Haiekesbiri ante monachatum. nacut apiA 

Sampfon anno Dom. HI2. Civitas Wigorn. cum 1 ecele^ * 'SmS* 
CMthedrali^ & omnitus aliis cum cafieUo igne crematur. mmS^ 

Theodwaldus anno i n 7. "^^^^^ 

Thulphus anno Dom. 11x4* 

Simon anno Dom. 11^9. 

Johannes Pagham anno Dom. 1157. 

Aluredus anno Dom. ii6o* . 



m Wigorm. M^. fi Sic. y Sic. Ne€ alitor fe hatent ft* 
quentia im Cod. MS. auam not edidimus. ^ Poftie MS* • Sic. 
X Sua MS. n Sic. % Sic. * Ecclefi cathedre MS. 

Vol. 8. N Rogerus 



9t LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

Rogerus;f//W c9mitu m GlocefteriaB anno Dtm. 116^ oUt m 
/• pereerinacione inter ndeundum ah y Hierofolymis, 
Fol. u X . a. Baldwinus anno Dom. 1 1 84. 

Gul. Northale anno D^m. 1189. 

Robertus ann^ Dom. up?. 

Henricus anno Dom. 1 1^^. 

Johannes de Conftantiis anno 1198. ante decanus Roto- 
magenfis. 

Maugerius amw Dom. laoo. 

Gwalcerus Grey anno Dom. iii^* 

Silvefter anno Dom. 1x17. 

Ecclefia cathedr : dedicatur in I honore D. Mari«, Petri, & 
SanSorum Ofwaldi & Wolftani. 

Gul : Bleys anno Dom. iixo. 

Gualterus de Cantilupo anno Dom. ii}7< 

Nicolaus anno Dom. Ii68. 

Godefridus Giffart anno Dom. 1x^9. Afprofriatio t ^r- 
ciepA' de Grinley tempore hujus ( efifcofi. Sedst amms 34. men^ 
Jihus 4, diehus 1. 

Gul. GaynesDurge de ord. fratrum M'norum atmo Dom^i^o^* 

Walcerus Reynaud anno Dom. 1308. 

Gualterus Maideftane anno Dom. 1 3 1 J* 

Thomas Cobham anno Dom. 1317* 

Adam Horleton anno Dom, 1337. 

n Thomas de Monte acuto anno Dom. 1333* 

Thomas Henihal anno Dom, 1337. 

Wolftanus anno Dom. 1338. 

Johannes Thoresby anno Dom. 134$^ 

Kegiaaldus Brian anno Dom. i35'o. 

David anno Dom. 1358. 

Johannes de Berne c anno Dom. i'j62. 

Guh Whitlefey anno Dom. 1 367. 

Gul. Lynne anno Dom. 1 ^6^. 

Henricus Wakefelde anno Dom. 1375'* 

Tittenunaus de Winchecombe amno Dom. 138^. 

Richardus ClifFurd anno Dom. 1401. 

Thomas Peverelle anno Dom. 1407. 

Philippus Morgan anno Dom. 1419. 

Thomas Pulton anno Dom. 1425. Oislt Ronue. 

Thomas 3- Bulfhere anno Dom. 1435. 



. « Glocefteria MS. fi Perigrinafione MS. y Hierofolyme 
MS. I Mal/m honorem. Me tamen nonfugit hoc modojstfm 
legi & exfrimiin nonfaucis Codicibut vetufiis. < EcdetiMS. 
5 Epifcope MS, n Simon Godwino jp. yiyw & Bourcbier im 
era codicis. Sed non i Scovei manu. Joa&nes 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 99 

^^ Joannes Carpenter anno Dom. 144J. 
- tt Johannes Alcoke anno Dom. t^jS, Pol. m. b. 

Robertas Morton anno Dom. 1496. 
Joannes Giglis anno Dom. I497- 
Sylveftar de Gigles anno Dotn. i^ai. 

Julius anno Dom* i^zz. Refignavh eftfcopatum Hieronymo, 
— ^ qui pofiea Clemens ponttfex Ro. Hieronymus acceflt eftfco^ 
fatum menfe Mart : 1512. Hugo Latimer ;wf»/^ Augufti anno 
Dom. 153^. 
Joamies Belle anno Dom. if ;9* 

Godefridus Giffart epifioPus Wigorn. exomavit colurnnoi 
c-^ orient : partts eccUjLf cathearalis Wigorn. coUtmneUis marmO" 
rels cum jun^urif areis dea.rat'ts, 

Thomas Cobham eplfcopus Wigorn : fecit fi teftudinem hri" 
: alts infuld: in navi ccclefuc. 

Wolftanus Branncsford Trior Wigorn : ^ poftea eplfcopus 
r Wigorn : erexst magnam aulam Prloris. 
B Brannesfbrd Bridge /^/^r Tcnde duobus paffuum mllihus fu^ 

^r^^Powike. 
B Gul. Lynne cum equum confcenderet profeBurus ad Tarla- 
mentum ohlit Wi^rn : correptus apoplexia. 

Henricus Wakefilde eplfcopus Wigorn : auxlt Occident, par^ 
tem ecclefi^ cathedr : Wigorn : 2. arcuBus. 

Erexit it lam portlcum ecclefia cathedr : Wigorn : verfm 
boreamn 

Erextt etlam mag : capellam in cafiele de y Herthisbyri. 
Tittemannus de Winchelefcumbe epifcopm Wigorn : orator 
regy In nuptlls d^fiUa regis Angl : & ducts Hannoniae, 

Kichardus ClifFord Wigorn : eplfcopus^ t poftea London. ^ 

fepultus eft m ecclefa cathedra \ London, ad aufirum prope S. 
. Erkenwaldum. 

Johannes Carpenter eplfcopus Wigorn : erexH magnam tur- 
rhfj idefi^ the Gate Houfe apud ^ Herthisbiriam. OtoV at 
Northiwke epifcopi, & fepultus apud Weftbyry propo Bright- 
ftow. uU fuit slter fundator. 

Jonannes Alcok eplfcopus Wigorn : erexit capeUam S* Manx 
in navieccUfts quam defignaverat fuo fepu/cbro. 

Robertus Morton eplfcopus Wigorn : nepos Johannis Mor- 
ton arcUeplfcopt Cantuar : fepultus eft in navi ecclejue cathedr: 
S. Pauli London : 



i» Johonne JUS. $ TefVidinem MS. y Llneafui hac voce 
ducHur^ ^In margtne fcrlhitur kStovto^ Hartlebery. I Filia 
MS. • Poftia MS. 5 Hac etlam fuh voce line am duxit Stoveus; 
mhil tamen in or a cod. refcripft, 

N 1 Johannes 



100 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

roL iix.iL Johannes de Gigles, i. e. de liliis, m^tms LncB liliE], I 
efifc9fus Wigora : 

Julius Medices eftfc9fus Wigorn : f^em OemeDi £b 
fwt : Ro : 

Johanaes Pagham tfifc^pwsWigom : deJh Bibcry mrngfiri 

Mau;;erius Nothus ev deemm^ Ebor : efifc^fus Wigom: A j 
f ir# ni Decretdhkus cMfttaU Cum Wigorenies, 

Joannes Carpenter viflMst m tHultnm mjfmmert nt ef^ctlt 
Wi^om : & W eftbinenfis Jkereimr. Hie ex veUri sdmi^ 
fM§d trat Weftebiriar, novum ficit^ cJ* fr^dSs muA^ «& 

HMkent efijcofl Wigomienfes 'olUmm ^ fermnm ftflm 
^Bd Hendre nom frocul ah Weftbyri: fed ^des ^Hm iofU 
mime fMtiuntuT fi ruiuam. 

Flach ielongjnge U the Bjsjbfe mf Wurccftar. 

The Palace at Worcffiar. Hertbi/iery Caftle 7. Mylcsfioo 
IVoreefiMT^ 4. Myles to Omhejlej on Severn longyngeto 
Bitvfjbam^ and 3. to Unthllkert^ and 4. to Kidertmfier. Alt- 
cbirch i. Myles trom BW^<7 Abbey. £^//Mic'r repayred ir. 

Northmike im domh§io de Clajnes a. Myles from Jfircefir, 
This Northewike was one John of Wodds en bamintim memtnt^ 
and bought of a Bysfliope for lake of a jHowfe in CUynes. It 
is motid, and haa a Parke. 

f0>ltyHgdon in Cotefhold in Ruine. 

Wttyngdon the Paroche Cburche to Vxtridge^ xv. Myl« 
from London, 

Stroud Place at London. 

Fol. iii.b. Vlaeis ielongin^e to the Trier. 

Batnal a Mile out of Worrefter with a Parke and Pooles. 

Gryley a 3. Miles above Woreefiar frofe Severm agayoe 
Ombre/ley m rlpa dextra Sabrinse. 

Halow a Park withowt a Howfe a 2. Myles from Woreefer* 

Croule a 4. Myls from Woreefiar. 

More fropo Tende a lo. Myles from Woreefimr frofe jma 
Herefordjbire. 

Urfo de Abctot vteeeomes Wigom : fefnltns fmif md Pedes 
Joannis regis^ ^ inde tranjlatus in horcalem fartem fresmefij 
juxta fepuTcbrum Eovefliam Prioris Wigorn. 

There is yet one of the Ahetots^ a Man of ao. R. Land 
in W^reefier Towne. 



m £d MS. /i Ruina MS. 

The 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. w 

The Names of Noblemen that gave Lands to Worceftar 

. Churche be in the Glaffe Wyndowes in the Cloiftrie there. 

Gilbertus de Clare coynts Gloceftar & Hereford, & Jo* 

anna ejus uxor fieri fecerunt fojfatum in fummitate monttum 

' Chace de I^alverne in frajvdieium Godefridi efifcoft Wi- 

' gorn : &c» 

In navi ecclefix. 

Henry Wakefeld epi fiof us VJigorn: otitt ii.Mart: ann§ 
D. T994. & fua eonfecrationis 10. anno. 

Joannes Beauchampe miles de familia comttum Warwici 
€harus Edwardo 3. & Richardo a. tandem decoUatus temftnre 
Henrici 4. This Beauchamfe was Owner of Holty a praty 
Pile a 3. Myle by Northe owt of Woreefiar on Severne rifa 
dextra a Mile above Qrilej. At this Holt Kynge Richard the 
2. made Actorneaments. 

In bor. infula navis, 

Johan : Beauchaumpe de Powike & EUfabethe ejus uxor. Fol. 1 1 ;. • 

Richard Bray armiger^ pater Reginald Bray, fuit medicus^ ^^^ ««*» 

nt quidam ferunt^ Henrici 6. J)** l'^ 



In auftrali InfuIa navis. 
Thomas Liteltone miles & juftitiarius hanchi^ qui fcripft UtUt§». 
TenurM. 

Infcriptio Baptifterii in nigro marmore. 

Hie fans tfl vita. Mundandi quicunque venite. 

Sufcipit ifta reos^ ^ parit unda deos. 

In Prcsbyterio. 

Johannes rex^ €ujus fepulchrum Alchirch Jacrifia ^ nuper 
renovavit, 

SaceUum in quo Alturius princeps fepultus efi sd aufirum. 
Grifith filius Rhefi in eodem facetto. ^^ 

Epitaphium y Alexandri Necbam. 

^Ijpfitf^ patitur fapientia : fol ^Ifepelitur. 
SiU dum vivebat ftudii • genus omne vigebat. 
Solvitur in cineres Neccham, cui fi foret heres • 

Jn terris unus^ minus ejfet flebile funus. 
WiBiam Fit% Alone foundyd Haghemon anno Dom. 1x01. ^.Gt 
the i.ofl^fF. Ruffits. Ther was an Hermitage and a Chapcll 



m Henricus MS, /S Nupar MS. y Alexandar MS. 4 Se- 
peliter MS. % Gens MS. ( I*. H . i . 

before 



m 



LELANEKS ITINERARY. 



^j^^^ before the Eredvnge of the Abbey. W. Fit%> Ally* tndU 
I limkft Wyffe, with RicbMrd FHic AUem and othar, ar clier bario 
•tt far Bri-and £/c£ifr^ i%£ .#l2ff» a ChUd, whicfae CbUd fell, as is (kyd 
T2«« M » by the Necly gence of his Norice out of hu Armes from t 
^ ^' Batclments o^ the CafUe of SbrswMrdir. 

Where as I have wrytten that the Caftell and Vyllise 
Suke Flemwge ftode at Dtrtm$utke^ I made ii. Errors. tj\ 
l^the Caftell berithe the Name of Derttmmutbe in an oldeE? 
dence. and not of St9ke Flemjwge^ thow^e the tlem 
were tne aundent Lords and Buvldars of it longe afore oi 
cam to the Carewes Hands. Second!/ Steke Flemjwg ii 
praty olde Tounlet toward the Shore about a Myle if 
Weft from Dertem^Mtbe. Dy vers of the Flemings ar bury 
at Stoke. Ther is a Chapell of Seint Fmfrike in the Caftle 
D^temoutbe^ and by fome old Writynges it aperithe that 
was a Cell ot Monks. Yet I hard fyns fbme contend thti 
Vfzs C2\x\Yd Stoke Cafile. 
.Mm turw rpj^^ p^^^ ^^ HMgbmoM told me that he hathe hanl d 

FoL 11^. b.the Caftell oi ABom Bumell or goodly Manor Place, whi 
imi«pir-the Parliament was kepte, was firft made by one FUktwA 
•■f"' Bysihope. 

Janrerfitr The Univerfite Churche in Oy^ori^ alias S.Mary e Churd 

2S2* " ^^ begon to be reedificd in the tyme of Dodor Fitx^-Jsm 

^'^ aftar BysQiope of L^mJom. He procuryd muche M0117 1 

wards the Buvldynge of it. The Enbatylmcnts of it werl 

of Pinacles : but in a tempeftiousWethar moft Parte of thi 

were tbrowne downe in one Nyght. 

GifMltar Erie of Sanim and &ky/U his Wyfe Founders 
Brad^nefioke^ a Priorie of Blake Chanons in H^lejbire. 

Ther was afayre Colege in the Erls dlLjaumJier tynu 
lytle m vrith Bdmhrow in NorthM/mire/amd^ nowclenedowi 
b. George Darcy told me of ic 

Roder Ry ver ryfethe, as fome fay, m a great Poole call 
Hurmer a 6. Myles from Sbrohbeskjrj by Northe* 

Ther yffuythe out of this Pole a Brolce. and aftar refort 
to an otbar Poole callyd IflUemerey and here, as the mo 
commune fayenj^eis, rifethe lS#in»Ryver, that airar a 6. 
7. Myles Courfe commythe into Teme a i. Myles abc 
Tcme Bridge. 

There were in Oxford of aundent tyme 8oo, Burge 
Houfes and mo with in the Towne of Oxford^ and a 41 
without in the Suburbes. 

The Scale of Oxford hathe an Ox on it withe aCafl 
or wallyd Towne, and about it is writen Sfgil/am cMti 
Oxonia &c. 



Oxfwris. 



• Sfc. $ Oxonia MS. 



Soi 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. loj 

Some fay that there were 24. Pariflie Churchis and mo in 
the Towne and Suburbs of Oxford. 

Kynjgc Henry the firft fomewhat reftoryd the Towne of 
O^KJ^rde. 

The Towne of Ox/ir</ mofte florylhed withe Scollars in an 
huge Nombar, and othar Inhabitaunts^ in Henry the 2. tyme. • 
: Ther was an infinit Nombar of Writars and Parcnement 
Makers in Oxford in Henr^ the 3. tyme. 

The Bowrgefis of Oxjord fay that Vortimer made theyrFol. 114.1. 
: Towne. The Nombar of Scolars and Inhabitaunts in Ox- 
. forde were fo grcate in HeTtrj the 3. tyme that they had Ly- 
bertye to provyd for Vitails a. Myles about. 
Bridgs on Charwell. 
Efi Bridge at Oxford, To Ifelep Brige of Stone a 2. Mylts^c^ *o. 
: upper on Charwell by Land. To Gosford Bridge a Myle or'" ^7'* •"* 
; more. To Emmelej Bridge a a. Myles upper. To Heywood* * 
Bridge a 2. Miles uper &c. 

Where as now the Bridge of Stone is ovar Charwell by 
Magdalen Colledge was a trajeBvs^ or Fery, in Kynge Hemy 
the third's Dayes, caulyd Steneford. 

It apperithe b^ the Preface ot the Donation of Kynge Ed- 
gore unto the Pricry of Worceftcr that he was the very firft 
; Monarchie thrwghly in all Regions oi England and Scotland 
, amonge the 5ij»^ Kyngs. . 

It aperithc alfo there that he had the whole Homage of^f SJ^S^ 
Scotland^ and was taken for chefe Head andGovernar of allA«»^s^ 
the Ifles about England even to Norwege, Lordofi&x* 

It ther alfo aperithe that he was crownyd in Trland inW»'«<«j^» 
Dubelin the chefe Cite of it, and that all Ireland was fubjedKyngSf 
unto hym. now RufftU 

* Malndenhevid in « Buihghaw/bire of old tyme cawllidLord Ad- 
Sowth^Eilington. It toke the Name of Matdenhed of ^ Heddeiji""- 
that they fayd was one ofchexi. thoufand Virgines, to theJJJjS^**^ 
whiche Offering there was made in a Chapell. buheT 

One Barentyne^ a yon^ar Brother of the chefe Houfe of i^r^J u^, 
^cBarentines^ was aGold-Smythe of London^ and becam''^*'^''*' 
wonderful! riche and purchafidfayre Lands, anddyenge, as 
it is fayde, without Heires, gave parte of his Lands to a 
yongar Brothar of the Barentyns called Drew^ and he had 
many Children, but in Continuance they dyed, and it cam 
then to the chefe Howfe of the Barentynes. 

The Parfell erf Lands that Drew lefte to his Name wasFol. 114,^; 
JLttU Hafeley in OxforJJblre^ wher Ser IFtlUam Barenfyne now 
dwellethe. 

« L. Barkefliire. 

Barenfyne 



Ir\ 



AN 

ACCOUNT 

OF SOME 

R MAN U R N S, 

AND OTHER 

ANT I CLU I T I E S, 

lately digg'd up near 

£ ISHOPSGATE. 

With brief Reflexions upon the anti- 
ent and prefent State oi London, 

In a Letter to 

S'. Christopher Wren K". 
Sorveyor-General of her Majeftie s Works. 

O XF O RI>, 

Printed at the Theater, mdccxut. 



THE 



CONTENTS 

Of the prerent flourifliing State of London. $. i. NoR 
cords of the original Founders, or of the moft antic 
State of this City. §. a. The Defedt only to be fupplj 
by means of Remains of antienr Works and Moo 
ments. §. ^. The Improvements of the City fincc il 
Fire in 1666. §. 4. Sir Chr. Wren's Obfervations of d 
Antiquities of London. §. 5. Mr. Coniers's CoUeffio 
and Obfervations. $. 6. Antiauities lately difcover'd oe 
Bifliops-Gate. §• 7. Particularly an ancient teiTdltfi 
Pavement. §. 8. As alfo Sepulchral Urns. §.9. And 1 
veral other Things. §. to. An Human Skull and Bon 
digg'd up in thefame Place. 5- n* The Fabrick Of Aci 
tient Roman Wall about London. $. ix. That Wall mo 
ruin'd and demoliih'd. §• i ^. The frequent Vidflinid 
of England antientlv : and the Difficulties under whkk 
laboured. §. 14. The Infulrs and Dangers to whidbd 
Citjr was formerly exposed. 5- ly- The Advantage of tl 
prefent BritiOi Conftitution and Govemment. §. 16. A 
the great Security of the City in our Times. §. xj. Oft 
antient Roman Bricks : and occafionally of the Standard 
the Roman Foot. §. 18. The Fabrick of the addidoi 
Work built upon the Ruins of the old Wall. C. 19. T 
Fabrick ot the upperWall, rais'd upon the additional Wa 
^.20. London not built by the antient Britains. $.1 
Of the Druids : and the State of Science here in du 
Times. §. zz. The Error of thofe who take the Romanl 
Britifli Bricks. §.13. Of the Towns, the Houfes, and t 
Temples of the Britains. §• 14 The Romans, and od 
Nations, as Savage, of old. and as much Strangers to Ar 
as the Britains. $*av* Of^the gradual Inlargement<^t 

■ City a^ntiently : and the Progrefs of it to the Eaft. §. 1 
A Method to difcover the antient Bounds and £ztent 
the City^ by attending to the Places where Sepulchral Ui 
are digg d up. §. ay. The Romans were wont to bu 
their Dead. §.a8. That cuftom fell intoDifufe as theChi 
iHan Religion prevailed. §. 19. Chriftianity very anrie 
in Britain. §. 20. Of the prefervation of- tUe Bones, 
Perfons bury'cl, for many Ages. §.31. The means 
difcovering the Situation of the feveral Temples antieot 
in London. §. ^x, A Temple of Diana formerly near tl 
Place where now St. Paul's-Church is. §. 3?. 

T( 



T O 

M'. THOMAS HEARISTE.' 

Sir, 

A Long with this, I fend, as you command me, the 
Account of the Vrns, and otner Antiquities, d'^g'd 
up in this Neighbourhood. 'Twas addrefs'd, as 
jfou fee, to Sir Chriftopher Wren ; who return d 
it bacl^, after a very Jhtnt time, defiring it might be 
printed. That was the only thing in which I ever dif-^ 
ferd in Opinion from him : and, tho* four years have 
pafs'd (ince, I cannot but yet retain mj firft Sentiments ; 
in which Vm confident you I join me. Twas wrote during 
a few days that I was under an Indifpofition that fuffered 
me to ftir very little abroad. Thofe Antiquities being then 
newly difcover'd : and at a JunSure too when Studies of 
greater application were not proper foir the State in which I 
happened to be, I turnd my Thoughts upon thefe. I did 
that partly for my Diverfion, and to pafs away the time : 
and partly tojhew a Gentleman, who vifited me daily, and 
had otherwife a great deal of Wit, but was wont tojlight 
fuch Things, that they were ufelefs only to thofe who either 
wanted Capacity, or Attention to refieh rightly upon them. 
The Paper that Sir Chriftopher Wren fent back, is either 
loft or miflaid : and this is copjed from fuch Scraps as [ 
happen d to kfep by me. Only I have added the Authorities 
and Pajfages of the Antients -, which, I think, were not in 
that. One, who judges fo well of things, and with the 
^fxallnefs that you always do, willfoon difcem a great num- 
ber of Faults in it ; but by thofe you I fee 'tis genuine, and 
that I wrote it -, which I flatter mj felf will intitle it to 
Pardon with a Gentleman that has the goodnefs to be fo 
partial and favourable to me as you ever are. 

O z Namqae 



-Namque ta folebas 



Meas efle aliquid putare nugas. 
And yet I fear jou'l hardly forbear thinking metooUrii 
dnd profufe where I'm treating of this Ttnvn. Thi if ji 
kpew how great an Admirer I am of it, you would rstb 
wonder that I exceeded not even thofe Bounds. The Bifi 
Relief e upon the Monument ^ in which Time [the G\ 
Chronus] is reprefented raifmg the City [ the Dea Londimi 
Ota of Ruins y brought to my mind the paffage ofQauiii 
This probably Mr. Ctbber had likgwife in view when 
defignd that Work^i which is much thefinejl of the k^ 
dU the Citj. 

As my Health return d^ Matters of greater Exigem 
prepng in, took me off from thefe Purfuits. So that J9\ 
be the lefs furprizJd to fee fo many Marks ofHwrrj and b 
cipitance, as you will, towards the End. The two Par 
graphs, relating to the early Times of the Cbrijiian ReBgn 
I was going to have retrenched. But I left them ftaniii 
only as Memorials for Inquiry, and further Conjideratin 
being far from intending to ajfert any thing pcfitively im 
Affair that I had not time thorowly to confider. 

Toulfind a pretty full and particular Defcription oftk 
part of LondonAVall that joind to Bi/bops-Gate. It cm 
fified of three different forts of Work, rats' d in three fever i 
Ranges, one over an other ^ Any one who has the curiefi^ 
to fee a Sample of the uppermoft, yetftanding, may do it c 
each fide Moorgate, for a confiderable Extent : as alfoofti 
middlemojl ; efpecially on the Wefl fide of that Gate, atti 
diftance of about 20. or 30. Paces, where 'tis yet firm, an 
has fufferd very little Dilapidation. Of the loweji, 1 
Roman-Work,^ there are confiderable Remains, on the South 
fide ofAldgate, in the Place caltd the Vineyard. And abot 
the middle of Hounds-Ditch, there's yetftanding one oftt 
Towers, of that Wall, pretty intire. 'Tts compos' d of Stent 
with Layers of B^rick^interpos'd, after the Roman Manner 
and is the moft confiderable Remain of Roman Workman/bif 
yet exftant in any part of England, that I know of, bein^ 
26. Foot in Height. By this, judgment may be form' d 
the original Height of the Roman Wall about London 

Whic 



Which mufi have hen vsflly great ; efpeciatty if the Surface 
of the Ground thereabouts has been raised in the fame Pro* 
fartion that it hath in other Parts of the Cttj. For, infink^ 
ingy upon fever al Occafions, the Workmen, in feme Places, 
have fafs'd thorowfix, in others twelve, nay twenty Foot of 
Rjibbijh, before they came to the natural Earth. Which 
ptayferve as a further Inforcement of what I have offer' d re* 
Uting to the Infults and Havock^that the City hath fitflain'd 
in former Times. 

Since that Letter was wrote, there's publijhed a Com- 
mentary upon the Itinerary of Antoninus thorow Bri- 
tain, wrote by a Gentleman who carries a very high Cha- 
r alter with all that are Judges of Learning. There are a 
great Number of Things, very curious, and ofrealVfe, now 
.firft advanced in this Workj and fever al relating to the an-' 
tient State of London. But yet there are fome to which 
Tm per/waded. Sir, you' I not fo readily give Jfent : and in 
f articular to that Conjelture that London was firft builc 
on tlie South (ide of the Thames «. What induced him 
to this Opinion was firjl. That Ptolemy places London in 
Kent. Secondly, That the Fields, betwixt Lambeth and 
Soutbwark,, have been, from Time immemorial, a Royal 
Demean. Thirdly, That three Roman Hlgh-Ways met 
there. Fourthly, That there was a Cafirum or Roman Town 
there. This he coUeHs partly from Southwarkj, retaining 
ftiU the Name of the Burroogh, which was the Name given 

gthe Saxons to thofe Towns: and partly from Roman 
olns, tefTellated Pavements, and Bricks, that were 
digg'i up In St. George's Fields. 

As to Ptolemy, he Uv'd at a great Dlftance : and in a 
Country that bad no Intercourfe with Britain. So that 'tis 
the lefs flrange that he Jbould not have right Information 
of Things here. He has committed no fmall Errors, in 
his placing of Towns, in Countries that were much nearer 
to him I of which IJhall give fome Injiances, on an other 
Occajion, when I come to confider an Opinion, fiarted not 



m Dr. Gale. Com. in An' on. Iter. p. (4, 6j. 

long 



^^ anth 



i^g ^^i ^h^^^ ^ Change in the Latitude 0/ Places 0. 
Tacitm bad a mcft exaH Intelligence of the Affairs of Bri- 
tain : and was^ of the two^ fomewhat the older Writer. 
So that if London had beenfirfl built in Kent^ and flanding 
there in the Ttme of Ptolemj, it mujl needs have fiooi 
there in the Ttme of Tacitus. But that it certainly did 
not. This is flam from his Account of the March of Sueto- 
nius Paulinus : and the Aition ofBoudicea at Camulodunum : 
bet caufing her Army to fall upon London, and Verulam 
At once, and involve both in the fame Ruin fi. Or, if 
there were no other Proofs what he obferves of the Sweet- 
nefs of the Place y, and Happinefs of the Situation of 
London, fuits rightly and well to this, but not by any means 
to that fide of the River. This every one muji admit at 
fnrft View ; befides that in thofe Times Things were there in 
much worjfe Condition, than in ours. The Trad; of Land he 
mentions, it fiat and low : and a great part of it was then 
in the Power of the Thanhs, and under Water every high 
Tide ; till that River was, in after Ages, refirain'd, and 
kept to the Channel, by Banks caft up with an incredibly 
great Labour and Expenfe. Not but that there might be 
fome part of St. George's Fields that was not overflowed : 
and there probably, at fome Ttme or other, was a Roman 
Habitation, or Cafirum ; whereof the Pavements, Bricks^ 
and other Antiquities, which that excellent Writer men^ 
tions, might be Remains. But there have been other liki 
Antiquities difcover'd, from that Place, onwards^ for fome 
Miles Eajlward, near the Lock^ in the Gardens a long the 
South' fide of Deptford-Road, a little beyond D^tford, en 
Black: Heath &c. There's no doubt but. Sir, you have ob- 
fervd the Coins of Cunobelin, in the firjl Table of Camden^ 
that exhibits an Head with ttt/o Faces^ in manner of a 
Janus bifrons. I have now in my Cuflodj the Head of an 
antient Terminus, likewife with two Faces. This probably 
was only a Piece of Brit'ijb Imitation of Roman Work: But 
e were found along with it, large flat Bricks , and 



M V. Nat. Hift. of the Earth, Part I. fi Eadem Clades. 
^^Annal. L. XIV. c. 33. y Loci Du/cedo ibid. 

other 



If 



^tber Antiquities, that wen unqueftionablj Roman. All 
ihefe were retrieved, about twenty years jmce, in Digging 
in Mr. Cole's Gardens, by the Road mention d above. I 
have feen likewife a Simpulum that was digg'd up near 
NfW'Crofs. And there were fever al years ago difcover'd 
two Vrns, and five or fix of thofe Viols that are ufually 
^aWd Lachrymatories, a little beyond Deptford. Nay there 
hath been, very lately, a great ifumber of Vrns, and other 
Thirds difcover'd on Blackr Heath. All which provo no-^ 
thing more than that there were Habitations, probably 
fcattering and at Intervals, all along that, which was 
ioubtlefs a Roman Road. Indeed the Terminus, found Juft 
by, adds fome Confirmation to this Opinion. Befides, in 
feveral Places, lying all nearly in a Line, and particularly 
a little on this fide Shooters Hill, where the Country ts 
fiat and low, I formerly « tool^ Notice of fome Remains 
of a raised or high Way, like thofe, cajl up by the Romans, 
that I have ohfervd in Somerfet-Jbire, Oxford-Jhire, G&-» 
gejier-jhire, and other Parts of England. The Argument, 
that the Fields, between Lambeth and Sovthwark, were 
A Royal Demean, proves, quite contrary to what 'tis brought 
for, rather that thofe Fields were gaind from the Thames, 
than that London ever flood there. The Kings of England 
were^ from our oldefi Notices of Things, intitled ky the 
Laws to allfuch Land as lay betwixt high And low JVater 
Mark^; and was gaind from either the Sea, or fuch Ri* 
yers as ebb'd and flow'd : but none of our Kings ever pre^ 
tended am Right or Title to this, more than to every other 
City of toe Kingdom. Nor can any thing be inferrdfrom 
that meeting of the three Ways that this learned Gentle^ 
man it^fts upon. Of which fide the River foever London 



m That was four or five years ago : and being unwilling to 
rely upon my Memory too far ^ I got Mr. Hucchinfon, a 
very intelligent Gentleman, to ride thither this Morning, 
and take ^ Review of this Way. It is about four Foot in 
Height : and at leaft fourty in Breadth. He obferv'd it for 
near J of a Mile in Length, The Place is call'd Green-^ 
Common. 



fteoi^ there can he no Doubt ht there ts/puU he K 
from all Farts of Britain ; it being at that Time 
fa large ^ populous, and fam'dfar Trafic, and 
Frovifions «. Which, righth refkSed upon, u indi 
enough to evince that it diAnot tbenftand on tha 
Water. 

I have fame other Things to offer to your Confii 
hut, very happily, for your ^et and Re/pite, Tm i 
ed : and can only further have the Fleaftere of Subfc\ 
felf, what I truly am^ with great Efteem, 



Sir, 



Tour very faithful bumble Sen 



Grefliam G>llege 
Novemb. the 30. 1711* 



J. Wo( 



u Tacit. ibid< 



A Letter to 
S'- Christopher Wren K"\ 

Occaiion d by ibme Antiquities lately dif- 
cover'd near Bifliops-Gate London. 

Sir, 

§. i.TT Have, with great Pleafure, more than 

I once, difcours'd wfth you concerning ^ ^^. P™^ 
X theConditionofthisCity, Asit'sSi- JfLSl. 
tuation is the moft happy, and com- 
modious, of any in the World beudes ; {b 'tis, without 
Difpate, thelargeft, the moft extenfive, andpopoloas^ 
as well as the moft ftately and magnificent. Of that 
Magnificence, Sir, yon have been the chief Contriver, 
and the Diredor of more truly noble and regular Build- 
ings than perhaps any one Man from the Creation to 
this Day. They who view and admire it's prefenc 
Beauty and Grandeur; who fee fo many thoufand 
Houfes, of even private Citizens, built in fuch manner 
as to render them, not only more convenient, better 
fitted for Ufe, and for ferving all the Ends and OfEces 
of Life and Habitation, but even fuperior in Defign, 
and Archite&ure, to the Palaces of Princes^eUewbere, 
will be forward to inquire into it's primitive State, and 
by what Steps and Degrees it arriv'd to fo great Height 
and Glory. 

§. 2. Tis with fome Diflatis&dion that I No Recordf 
rouft at prefent take Notice that there are no ^ *^ original 

Records of it's Original, and that we are left Sfj^^r^ ^i£ 

r^ • a, ^ 3 . t 1 tne molt anti* 

to mere Conjeaure to determme who were the ent State of this 

ProjeAors and Builders of it. AWriter of the City. 

Vol. 8. P ac& 



10 A Litter iC€A^*i hj fame Antiquities 

firft Rank «, bath^ in his ufual Manner, with great 
Appearance of Reafon, given the Romans here the 
Honour of Founding of it. They were indeed a Peo- 
ple of vaft Penetration, and very diftinguiftied Senfe : 
and none likely fboner to find out the Advantage of 
the Place and Situation in all Refpedls. This is cer- 
tain, Tacicus is the oldeft Author in wliom \ve find 
mention jS made of London. But it muft have been 
built fome Tim6 before ^ (ince 'twas then become fo 
very cgnfidetdble fer the great number «/ Menbdms , 
4nd Plen^ vf vMueable Ommnlities. After him, Am- 
mianus Marcellinus fpeaks > of it ; tho' as of a Town 
that was antient, and call'd formerly Lundinium, but 
in his Days Augufia. From that Time downwards we 
have little Account of it. Indeed, after the Romans 
had recaU'd their Forces, and were gone, (b frequent 
were the Revolutions, and fo unfettled the State of 
this Nation, that fcarcely any Encouragement was 
given to Science, or to Hiftory in particular. That 
'tis the le(s to be wondred there is fcarcely any Thing 
exftant relating to the State of this City ; even till the 
Time that the accurate and induftrious Mr. Stow be- 
gan his Survey ofLonden. 
n^u .. T^^ A §• 3* B"^ ^^^^^ '5 ^"^ Way by which may be 

ln?£fj?plyM ^«^^^^'^ fomethmg relating to it's more eariy 
by means o?Re- Sute, it's Site, it's Bounds, and other Circnm- 
mains of antient ftances ; I mean by the Remains of Roman 
Works and Mo- Works that have been difcover'd in Digging 
numcnts. for laving the Foundations of the new Build- 

ings hnce the late great Fire. 
The Improve- §. 4. That Fire was fb very furious, and the 
mcnts of the Devaftation, made, fb near univerfal, that any, 

« Bp« Stillingfleet's Difc. of the true Antiq. of London, (in the 
^ond Part of his Ecclefiaft. Cafes ) p. 471. fi Annalium L. XIV. 
c^j. Londinium copia negotiatorum & commmeatuum maxime 
cefebre. y Rer. gelt. L. XXVII. c. 8. Lundinium vetus oppidum, 
quod Auguftam pofteritas appellavit. 

hut 



Lafflj difcaver'd near Bi/bops-Oate London. if 

but the great Spirit of the Englifh, would have City fince the 
flag'd and funk under fb difmal a Calamity, and ^^^^e in 1666. 
defpair*d of ever raifing a new City out of fuch a Heap 
of Afhes and Ruins. But here, quite contrary, all 
Hands fet forthwith about that great Work : all Minds 
joyn'd in a 

Surgfy preccfy veneranda pdrens^ & certa [ecundis 

Fide Deis, humlefnque metum depone feneSa, 

Vrbs Aqusva peio «. 
and the World, looking on, ftood amaz'd to fee, in (b 
ihort a Time, fuch a number of Noble Piles finirtied, 
and a City built, not only furpafUng the former, but 
all others upon Earth. So that that Fire, however dif- 
aftrous it might be to the then Inhabitants, has prov'd 
infinitely beneficial to their Pofterity^ conducing vaftly 
to the Improvement and Increafe, as well of the Riches 
and Opulency, as of the Splendour of this City. Then, 
which I ana every Body mull obfcrve with great Sa- 
tisfadioo^ by means of the Inlargements of the Streets s 
of the great Plenty of good W^tcr, convey'd to all 
Parts ; of the Common Sewers and other like Con- 
trivances, fuch Provifion is made for a free Accefs and 
Paflage of the Air, for Sweetnefs, for Cleannefs, and 
for Salulwrity, that it is not only the fined, but the 
moft healthy City in the World. Infomuch that, for 
the Plague, and other dangerous Diftempers, with 
which it was formerly (b frequently annoy 'd, and by 
which fb great a Number of the Inhabitants were (o 
cruelly taken off but the very Year before the Fire, an 
Experience of above fourty Years fince hath (hewn it 
fo wholly freed that 'tis very probable *tis now no longer 
obnoxious, nor ever again likely to be infefted by thofe 
fo fatal and pernicious Maladies. 

§. f . As to the Remains of Roman Workman- Sir Chr. Wren's 
fhip, that were difcover'd upon Occafion of Re- Obfcrvations of 
building the City, no Man had greater oppor- '^f\oS'^'''^ 
tunity of making Remarks upon them than 

• Claudian. de Bello Get. v. ^i. 

P 2 . '^^i.^v 






] 

t% A Lettif Hcafiou'd ly fame AmtifiitUs 

yoa : nor, Sir, has any Mao ever done it to bettn 
Purpofe. And, as vou have long promifed me « 
Accoant of cbofe Oofervations, fo I fliall ever infill 
upon it, and not ceafe to challenge it, as a Debt yon 
Generoficy has made due to me^ 'till you acquit yov 
felf of the Obligation. 
- - ^ . , %.6. I have now in my Caftody a confider- 
Cdlea^onTiid abIeNumbcrandVarictyofRom.nAfltiqai.ks 
Obfervacions. ^"^^ °^^^ ^^° ^^SS d up m and about this 
City. Several of them were colleded by Mr. 
G)niers, who was living at that time> and vetr iock- 
fatigable in his Inquiries. 'Tis great Pity he nad ooc 
Encouragement to fet forth fome Relation of them. 
But he having only the Returns of his Profeffioo to 
depend upon, and there being at that time (b Tery fei 
that were forward to contribute any Thing to the fiip* 
port of fuch Studies, however curious and ufefiil, Pb- 
fterity has been dcpriv'd of the Benefit of his. All duu 
I am able to retrieve from the Remains of his CoUedioii 
that I purchased, or the many other Things that I ha?( 
iince procur'd^ fliall be moft freely imparted^ either tc 
Mr. Strype, ( to whofe Diligence the learned Work 
(lands greatly indebted, and who is now adaallyeo' 
gag'd in fetting forth a new Edition of St§w's Smnj^ 
London^ with Enlargements) or to any other Perian,wiK 
has Leifurc and Capacity to turn them to the Pleafon 
and Advantage or the Publick, fo fobn as. Sir, yoi 
(hall pieafe to communicate your Obfervations ; whici 
will be of great Ufe, and ought by no means to be an] 
longer withheld and fupprefs'd. 

§. 7. Mean while give me leave. Sir, to feu 

Antiquities late- you a few Refledions upon fome Things o 

ly difcoyer'd j^is kind now lately brought to Light in th( 

Gafc. '" Neighbourhood of this College. For the Parri 

culars we are indebted to the Curiofity of Mr 

Jofeph Miller j who, living juft by the Place, vifitc< 

It daily, and took Notice or all that occurred. He is s 

Perfon, as of great Application, fo of no Ms Can 

dour, and Exadnefs ; that his Accounts may be fe 

curely rely'd on, §. 8* Ii 



Ldtely difiofn'd n(4r Bijbops-G4te London. 13 

§.8^ In April laft, upon -^hc Palling down ^ . , , 
fome old Houfes, adjoyning to BifhoDS-Gatc, JSlSflllff 
i|i Camomile Street^ in order to the building ^^d Pavemeac : 
there anew : and digging, to make Cellars, a- 
bout four Foot under Ground, was difcover'd a Pave- 
ment, confiftlng of Diced Bricks, the moft red, but 
fome few black, and others yellow ; all nearly of a 
Size and very fmall, hardly any exceeding an Inch in 
Thicknefs. The Extent of the Pavement, in Length, 
>vas uncertain ^ it running from Blfliops-Gate, for lixcy 
Foot, auite under the Foundation of fome Houfes not 
yet pulrd down. It's Breadth was about ten Foot ; 
terminating, on that fide, at the Diftance of three Foot 
and a half from the City Wall. 

§. 9. Sinking downwards, under the Pave- ir s I 

ment, onlv Rubbifti occurred for about two ^jj UriwT*^* 
Foot : and then the Workmen came to a Stra- 
turn of Clay i in which, at the Depth of two Foot 
more, they found feveral Urns. Some of them were 
become fo tender and rotten that they eafily crumbled 
and fell to pieces. As to thofe that had the Fortune 
better to efcape the Injuries of Time, and the Strokes 
of the Workmeb that rais'd the Earth, they were of 
different Forms : but all of very handfome Make and 
Contrivance; as indeed moft of the Roman VefTels we 
find ever are. Which is but one of many Inftances 
that are at thii Day exfbnt of the Art of that People ; 
of tlie great ExaAnefs of their Genius, and Happinefs 
of their Fancy. Thefe Urns were of various Sizes ; 
the largeft capable of holding full three Gallons, the 
leaft fomewhat above a Quart. All of thefe had, in 
them, Aihes, and Cinders, of bum'd Bones. 

§. 10. Along with the Urns were found va- , ^ , 
rious other Earthen VefTels ; as a Simpulum, a \ll^ T\Zt ^ 
Patera of a very fine red Earth, and a blewifli ^ 

Glafs Vjiol of that fort that is commonly call'd a La- 
chrimatory. Thefe were all broke by the Carelefnefs 
of the Workmen. There were likewife found feveral 
Beads, one or two Copper Rings, a Fibula of the fam€ 



14 A Letter $ccMfi9n*d hj fim$ AnAjmiiet 

Mctall^ but much impair'd and decaj^'d ; asalfoaCoh 

of Antoninus Pius^ exhibiting^ on one (ide, tbeHet( 

of that Emperor, with a radiated Crown on, andtid 

Infcription, ANTONINVS AVG : : : : : IMP. XVI 

On the Reverie was the Figure of a Woman, fittioj 

and holding, in her right Hand, a Patera ; in her M 

an hdftapura. The Infcription, on this fide, was vhoU 

obliterated and gone. 

. „ §. II. At about the fame Depth witlitl 

SkdUnd bS« ^^'^^^ ^^^^^ mentioned, but nearer to tl 

digged up in the City- Wall, and without the Verge of the hf 

fame Place. ment, was digg'd up an Human Skull, wii 

feverai Bones, that were whole, and bad » 

pafTed the Fire, as thofe in the Urns had. Mr. Sto% 

makes mention of Bones found in like manner » 

far off this Place, and likewife of Urns with Afhcs 

them : as do alio Mr. Weever H after him^ and M 

Camden >. 

Tu 17 u • I r 5- 1^" The City- Wall being, npon thisocc 

the%SSRo. ^*^°> ^ "'^'^^ ^^y f^ ^^^"^ °^ ^«'''^"« 
man Wall about b^oke up, and beat to Pieces, from Biftop 

London. Gate, onwards, S. E. fo far as they extend, t 

opportunity was given of obfenring the F 

brick and Compofition of it. From the Foandatio 

^hich lay eight Foot below the prefent Surface, qui 

up to the Top, which was, in all, near ten Fa 

'twas compil'd alternately of Layers of broad flatBrick 

and of Rag-Stone f. The Bricks lay in double Raoge 

and, each Brick being but one Inch y^ in Thicknej 

the whole Layer, with the Mortar interpos'd^ exceedi 

not three Inches. The Layers of Stone, were not qui 

two Foot thick, of our meafure. Tis probable th( 

were intended for two of the Roman i th«ir Rule b 



M Survey of London, p. 177. fi Antient Funeral Men 
ments, p.5:iy. y InMiddlelex. * Alternis choris pariet 
alligantur : & medii latcres, fupra coagmenta collocati, 
firraitatem & fpeciem faciunt utraque pane non invenumu 
Vitruv. Architcdt. L. II. c. 3. 



LMelj a fewer* i nedf Bijbvfs-Gau London. if 

ing fomewhat fhorrer than oars. To this Height 
the W^orkmanfhip was after the ti9mdn manner : and 
thefe were the Remains of the antient Wall, fuppos'd 
to be builc by Cwfiantine the Great «. In this 'twas 
very obfervable that the Mortar was, as ufually in the 
Roman Works, fo very firm and hard^ that the Stone 
it felf as eafiiy broke, and gave way, as that. 'Twas 
^hus far, from the Foundation upwards, nine Foot in 
Thickneis. 

§. 13. And yet fo vaft a Bulk and Strength 
had not been able to fecure it from being beat J^^^^^^^ 
down in former Ages, and near levell'd with moUfli'dT ^" 
the Ground. This, rightly reflefted upon, will 
alone be fufficient to give us an Idea of the Difference 
betwixt thofe Times, and ours : betwixt that State of 
Things, and the preienc 

§. 14. They beft know how to fet a juft va- -j^j^ freqaent 
luc upon the prefent happy Settlement who Viciffitudcs of 
are vers'd in our Hiftory, and duely apprized England antb- 
what England fufFer'd of old from the Defccnt enthr : and the 
of the Romans, and afterwards of the Saxons, pifficulties im- 
and Danes : from the frequent Wars of Scot- ^J^f" '^ ^' 
land : and our own inteftine Divifions during 
the Heptarchy, the Barons, and the late Civil Wars. 

§. ic. As London was ever fure to have it's 
Share in the common Calamity, fo better Judg- and D^neS t? 
ment may be made how great that frequently ^^ich the Ci- 
was, by the Provifion that was made againft it. ty was formerly 
The Citizens would never have put themfelves exposed. 
to fo vaft an Expenfe, for Fence and Guard 
wJthoat, had not the Uncertainties of thofe Times, and 
the Dangers, with which they were fo frequently 
alarm'd, made that requifite. 



a Confer Camden's Britannia in Middlefex, p. %i%. & 
Burton's Comment, on Antoninus's Itinerary, p. 16%. 



§. 16. But 



j6 a Litur $C€sfm*d ij feme Antiquities 

The Advantage $• l6. But fuch now for ibme Time has been 
of the prdTent the fortunate Condition of England, that She 
Britilh Coofti- (nay fiifely confide in the Hearts and Hands of 
tution and Go^ j^^ Subjeds, and fix hef whole Strength and 
vcrnmcnt ; Dcfenfc there. The Union of the formerly 

greatly divided Inrerefts and Affedions of the Inha- 
biuncs of the feveral Parts of this Nation^ which we 
in our Dayes have had the iatisfadion to fee fuccefs- 
fully effcAed in the other too, and carried on even 
to the atmoft Bounds of the Ifland ; the Excellence of 
our Conftitution, and of our Laws ; the fteady Execu- 
tion of them; and the reciprocal goodUnderibtnding 
between the Prince and People, have rendred us ef- 
feftually> as well fafe at Home, as Great and Powerful 
Abroad. 

$. ir« As the City parukes with the whole 
^ the crwt Nation in this happy Security : as it needs no 
Otv^^in our ^*^^ *°d ^*" "^^^^ poflibly have anv great- 
Times, er ; fo we may now vcrv well and farely raze 
our Walls, and demoli/h our Fortifications; 
they being not really of any longer Ufe. 
^. , §• i8. The Broad thin Bricks, above men- 

gf *J B?£S^ ^^^'^* ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^°*" "^""^^ • •"'^ ^^^^^ 

and occafionaUy ^^'7 fo« which, we learn from Pliny «, were 

of the Standard in camtMn Vfe among the Romans ; being in 

of the Roman Length a Fb^ and half , of their Standard, and 

Foot. in Breadth d Fm. Meafiiring fome of thefe, 

very carefully, I found them 17- Inches ^ in Length, 

II. Inches ^ in Breadth, and x. Inch ^ in Thicknefs, 

of our Meafure. This may afford fbme Light towards 

the fettling and adjufting the Dimenfions of the Ro« 

man Foot : and (hewing the Proportion that it bears 

to the Engliih ; a Thing of Co great Ufe, that one of 

« Nat. Hift. Lib. XXXV. c. 14. Mfw, quo utimur. Ion- ' 
gum fefquipede, latum pede.nTis very probable the Standard, 
affign d by Vitruvius, Archited. L.ll. e.g. is the fame with 
this : but the Paflage being incorred I fhall not alledge 
it. 

the 



Laiilj difcover'i near Bi/hps^Gate London. 17 

the moft accomplifhed and judicious Writers « of the 
laft Century endeavoured to compafs it with a great 
deal of Travel and Pains. Indeed *tis very remark- 
able, that the Foot-Rule foUow'd by the Makers of 
thefe Bricks was very nearly the fame with that exhi- 
bited on the Monument of Cofliitius in the' Colotian 
Gardens at Rome, which that admirable Mathemati- 
cian has, with great Reafon, pitched upon as the true 
Roman Foot fi. Hence likewile appears, what indeed 
was very probable without this Confirmation, that the 
Standard-Foot at Rome was folIowM in the Colonies, 
and Provinces, to the very remoteft Parts of the Em- 
pire : and that too quite down even to the Time of 
Conftantine ; in cafe this was the Wall that was built 
by his Appointment. 

§. ip. The old Wall, having been demo- 
lifti'd, as has been intimated above, was after- *^he Fabrick c£ 
wards repair-d again and carry'd up of the ^«„k"bSk^ 
lameThicknds, to eight or nine Foot m Height, qq ^he Ruins & 
Or, if higher, there was no more of that Work the old Wall, 
now (landing. All this was apparently addi- 
tional, and of a Make later than the other Part under«* 
neath. That was levell'd at top and brought to a Plane, 
in order to the raifing this new Work upon it. The 
Outfide, or that towards the Suburbs, was faced with a 
coarfe fort of Stone ; not compil'd with any great 
Care, or Skill, or difpos'd into a regular Method. But, 
on the Infide, there appeared more Marks of Work* 
manfliip and Art. At the Bottom were five Layers, 
compo&'d of Squares of Flint, and of Free-Stone. Tho* 
th^y were not (b in all Parts, yet in (bme the Squares 
were near eqiial, about five Inches in Diameter, and 
rang'd in a Quincunx Order. Over thefe was a Layer 
of Brick : then of hew n Free-Stone : and fb alternate- 
ly, Brick^ and Stone, to the Top. There were of the 



m Mr. Greaves in his Difc. of the Roman Foot. 8vo. 
il Mr. Greaves loc. cir. p. 3a. 

Vol. 8. Q^ Bricks, 



i8 A Letter occaJUn'd hj fime AntiquitUs 

Bricks, in all, fix Layers; each confifting only of 
double Courfe ; except that which lay above all, 
which there were four Courfes of Bricks^ where tl 
Layer was intire. Thefe Bricks were of the Shape < 
thofc now in Ufe : but much larger ; being near 
II. Inches in Length, 5^. in Breadth^ and fbmewh 
above 25 in Thicknefs. Of the Stone there were fi 
Layers: and each of equal Thicknefi, in all Parts, f 
it'$ whole Length. The higheft, and the lowefi 
thefe, were fomewhat above a Foot in Thicknefs v tl 
three Middle Layers each five Inches. So that tl 
whole Height of this additional Work was near nil 
Foot. As to the interior Parts, or the main Balk < 
the Wall, 'twas made up of Pieces of Rubble-Ston 
with a few Bricks, of the fame fort of thofe us'd 
the inner Facing of the Wall, laid uncertainly, as tb 
happened to come to Hand, and not in any Stated M 
tbod. There was not one of the broad thin Rom; 
Bricks, mencion'd above, in all this Part : nor was tl 
Mortar here near fo hard as in that below. But, frc 
the Defcripcion, may eafily be coUeded, that this Pa 
when firfl: made, and intire, with fo various and 
derly a Difpofition of the Materials, Flint, Stoo 
Bricks, could not but carry a very elegant and ban 
fome Afped. Whether this was done at the Ezpen 
of the Barons, in the Reign of K. John : or of the C 
tizens, in the Reign of K. Henry the III : or of ] 
Richard » the II «: or at what other Time, I caiiii 
(ake upon me to afcertain from Accounts to defedi 
and obfcure as are thofe which at this Day remain 1 
this Affair. 

§. 20. Upon the additional Work, nc 

The Fabrick of defcrib'd, was rais'd a WaU wholly of Brick 

^^^ Wpon fhe ^°^y ^'^^^^ ^^ terminating in Battlements, the 

additionalWork. ^re top'd with Copings of Stone. 'Tis u 

Foot fou,r Inches m Thicknefs, and iomewh 

above eight Foot in Height. The Bricks of this a 



«f See Mr. Scow's Survey of London, p. 7^ 



Lately difcuver^d near Bi/hops-Gate London. 19 

of the fame Module, and Size, with thofe of the Part 
underneath. How long they had been in Ufe, is un- 
certain. But there can be no doubt but this is the Wall 
that was built in the Year 1477, in the Reign of K. 
Edward the IV. Mr. Stow a informs us that that was 
compil'd of Bricks made of Clay got in Moor-fields : 
and mentions two Coats of Arms fixt in it near Moor- 
Gate } one of which is exftant to this Day, tho' the 
Stone, whereon it was ingrav'd, be fomewhat worn and 
defac'd. Biftiops-Gate, it felf, was built two Years 
after this Wail, in the Form it ftill retains fi. The 
Workmen lately imploj^'d there, funk considerably 
lower than the Foundations of this Gate : and, by that 
Means, learned they lay not fo deep as thofc of the old. 
Roman Wall by four or five Foot. 

§. 21. Geofry of Monmouth y will have 
London to have been a Britifh City, incom- . .^opdon not 
pafs'd with WaUs, and fortifv'd with innume- J^|J[ BmSns''''" 
table Towers* But the World, is now well a- 
greed in Opinion how little Regard is due to that. 
Monki/h i" Writer : and they who have read the Ac- 
counts of Britain left us by Cxfar, Tacitus, and other 
Authors of Judgment and Credit, will prefently iee his 
cannot be true. 

§. 22. The Britains in thofe Days were bar- 
barous, and wholly uncivilized f. Except fome ^^ *^ Druids : 
who had Skins, and Hides of Brutes caft over Science h?re Tn 
them ^, they went naked v, and painted i^ their their Times. 
Bodies with the Figures of various Animals, af- 
ter the manner of other Savage Nations. Their Diet, 



m Survey p. 7, 8. $ Ibid. n. ^7. y Hift. Brit. L. III. 
c. lo. I Confer J. Balaei illultr. Britan. Script. Cent. a. 



\ 



194. Ed. Baf. MDLix. • Hcrodian L. III. p. 83. Ed. H. 
eph. Par. mdlxxxi. Pomp. Mela L. IIL c. (J. { C«far 



L. V. c. 14. p. iitf. Ed. Jungermanni, Franc, mdcvi. 
n Xiphilin L. XXI. p. 8^6. Ed. Hanov. (typisWechel. ) 
MDCVI. 9- Caefar L. V. p. ii(J. Plin. XaII. 1. Pomp. 



Mela L. III. c. 6* Herodian. L. III. p. 83. ut fupra. 

.0^2 and 



20 A Litttr 9CCMpm*d hj fome Antiquities 

and Method of Life, was very me^n «. There was Iit« 
tie or nothing that could claim the Name of Science 
among them. What they had was lodg'd with the 
Druids, who were the Divines and Philofbphers of 
chofe Times : and there arc fome who have entertained 
very lofty Thoughts of that Order of Men. Thele 
Gentlemen may be allow'd to indulge their Imagina- 
tions as far as they pleafe ; but if we rightly reflcft 
upon what we find on Record concerning the Notions 
and Pradife of the Druids, 'twill not carry our Idea's 
to any great Height. Tbej bad nothing in greater Ve- 
^ neraticn than Mt/letoe, and the Tree upon which it grew^ 
efpeciallj if that happened to be an Oak* Nor would 
they perform any AS of Religion without a Boi^gh of 
this Tree ; to which they fcem to have paid Divine 
Honours ; 

Rohra numims infiar jS. 



They were wont to gather the Miftetoe with a mil 
deal of Devotion and Ceremony. Thev thought it fent 
immediately from Heaven : and a token that the Tree^ 
whereon it grew, was mark'd out and chofen by their 
God himfelf They gave Mifletoe the name of All- 
Heal : afcrib'd to it a Power of rendering proGfic any 
CreMure that was barren : and thought it a Remedy 
againft all forts of Poyfons ; fo much of the Religion of 
the Barbarous Nations is placed chiefy in Things really 
mean and trivial > ; as Pliny, the Author of this Ac- 
count, obferves, very pertinently, upon the Occafion. 
But further, the Druids taught the DoArine of the 
Tranfmigration of the Soul J" : and they were wont to 



m Strabo L.IV. p. ico. Ed. Cafaub. Par. mdcxx. Diodor. 
Sic. L.IV. p.301. Ed.RhodomanniHanov. (typisWechel.) 



MDCiiii. Xiphilin. L. VI. p. 703. & L. XXl. p. i66. 
^ Claudian. in Conf. I. Stilichon. L. I. v. 119. y Tanta 
gentium in rebus frivolis plerumque religio eft. Plin. N. H. 
L XVI. c. +4. » Cxfar L. VI. c. XIV. p. if 5. Ed. Jun- 
gcrm. • 

offer 



Ldtify iifcrfir'd nedr Bi/bops-Gate London. 21 

offer up Men in Sacrifice «. They cut them up alive, 
in order to the making their Divinations : and, by the 
Manner of the Fall of the poor unhappy Wretch^ by 
the Convulfion of the Parts, and Efflux of the Bloody 
they form'd their Prefages of future Events fi. Other 
Methods they had likewife of Sacrificing Men ; fomc 
they klird with Arrows : others they crucify 'd y. Nay 
they were femetimes wont to frame a huge ColofTus, 
with Hay, Twigs, and Wood ; in which having put 
feveral Men alive, and Brutes of all kinds, they fet Fire 
to it, and made an Holocauft of them all at once J". 
This is the main of what Antiquity hath tranfmitted 
down to us of the Theology and Philofophy of the 
Druids: and, by this, 'twill not be hard to frame a 
Judgment of their Science, as to the Stars, the World, 
ffature, and the Power of the Gods f ; of which we have 
not the Particulars. 

§. 13. As to the Habitations, and State of Th R o ( 
Building, among the antient Brirains, we have ^1,0^ who^ take 
had, of late, ibme, who, upon the Authority of ^y^^ Roman for 
Geofry of Monmouth, and the Heat of tfieir Bricifh Bricks* 
own Fancy, have talked of Remains of Temples, 
and other noble Strudures, of the Druids« Whereas, 
in reality, the Romans, at their Defcent here, found 
nothing that carry'd the Appearance of a Building : 
no not one Stone uDon another ; nor fb much as a 
Brick, in all the whole Ifland. And tho' fome others 
may be eaiily paiTed over, I cannot but be fbmewhat 
furpriz'd to find a Gentleman of the great Diligence 
ana Ingenuity of Mr. Somner ^ taking the Roman 
Bricks, that he obferv'd in the Walls of Canterbury, 
for Briti/b Bricks. But 'tis not eafy, when once a 

m Diodor. Sic. L. V. p. 308. Cxfar. L. VI. c. 16* p. 1^6. 
Tacit. An. L.XIV. c. ?o. Strabo L. IV. p. 198. Ed. Cafaub. 
Pomp. Mela L.III. c.2. fi Diodor. Sic. L-V. p. ?o8. Strab. 
L. IV. p. 198. y Strabo ib. ^ Caefar L. VL p.i^6. Scrabo 
L. IV. p. 198. • Caefar L. VI. p. 1^6. 4 Antiq, ot Can- 



ter b. p. 4. 



Man 



%% A Letter occafion'i bj fome Antiquities 

Man fufTers htmfelf to grow fbnd of a Subjed^ not td 

be over far tranfported : and fcrew Things to a Pitch 

much too high for thofe who are only indifferent 

Lookers on^ and not touched with the Paffion that 

fach a Writer may himfelf feel. 

^y . _, §. 24. Xiphilin, to whom we owe a very con- 

SeHoufM ^^ fidcrable Extraft out of Dion Caffius concern- 

the Tcmpfcs of ^"B Britain, treating of the Maeats^ or Inha* 

the Britains. bitants of the now mofl: Northern Counties of 

England, afTcrts that they had neither Walls 

nw Cities * ; what pafTed under the Names of Cities in 

Britain, being, according to Strabo, no otlier than 

Groves fi. So liicewife Caefar, The Britains call it a 

Tewn when they have furrounded and fenced about 

their thick^ Woods with a Bank, and a Ditch y. As to 

their Houjes^ a Tree f ferv'd fome for that purpofe : 

others run up Hutts % in the Woods for their own Ufe ; 

and Hovels for their Cattle ( j both very flight, and 

not of any long Continuance^ (erving only for fome 

finall Shelter to them, during the Strefi of Weather, 

in the Depth of Winter. Diodorus Siculus » is fome- 

what more particular as to their Strudure, informing 

us that they were only ^ight Cabins ^ compos d chiefly 

of Reeds ^ or Sticks. Cxfar obferves that the Honfes o£ 

the Britains were pretty li^e thofe of the Gauls :&, which 

he afterwards acquaints us were fmall Cottages, thatch'd 

with Straw i. As to the Walls of them we learn from 

Strabo they were made of Stakes and Watlings «, af- 

- ■ ■ ' ■ _ 

m Milt THxn^ t^tt irixHs. Xiph. L. XXI. p. i66* fi nixgig 
^* MTif tint #i i^tffidi. Strabo L. IV. p.aoo. y Oppidum 
autcm Britanni vocant^ Guum fylvas impeditas vallo atque 
fofla muniemnc. De Bello Gall. L. V. c 21. p. iio. ^ nj» 
iii\lf^«9ctiUii, Xiphilin. L.Vh p.70 J. • K«x»«»ww5»T»f. Strabo 

L.IV. p* aOO. ^ Bwxw^tw « €8t9i mXuv AT^iyti. ibid. 9 Totf 

•ixno-HS tvTtXtis tZft^r, i« TV9 i(^A«fMy, .« ivXtJv ic^fit tv TMlr«y 9vy- 

xetf*s9at. L. V. p. 301. ^• iEdificia fere Gallicis confimilia. 
De Bello Gall. L. V. c. 12. p. 11^. « Cafas, qujc, more 
GallicOj ftramcntis erant tedtae. ibid, c. 43. p. 133. » E« 
tmvi^y tC^ }k)\on, Scrabo L. IV. p. 197. 

ter 



I Lately difiover^d near Btjbops-Gate London. aj 

';ter the manner of Hurdles. Then for the Temples 
jof the Druids, they were of a Piece with the reft : and 
f no other than Groves and Woods « ; which the Romans 
: €ut down^ becaufe the Druids had dedicated them to fo 
€YUel Superftitionsy as the Oblation of human Blood and 
, the Sacrificing of Men. Which is likewife intimated 
by Lucan /3, 

Omnifque bumants luftrata cruoribus arbos : 
and by Claudian >, 

Lucofque vetufti 

Relligione truces ■ 

Pliny i" tells us that the Druids made choice of Groves 
9f Oakji their Sacrifices, and their Religious Feafts, 
being wont to be folenmiz'd under that Tree. The 
Britains, under the command of that brave and illu- 
ftrious Heroine, Bunduica % , after they had taken and 
plundreB two Cities of the Romans, ofFer'd their Sa- 
orifices, and kept their Fefilvals In a Grove dedicated 
to Andate, the Goddefs of Vidory (. Indeed Groves 
were wont to ferve the Druids, not only for their 
Temples,' but for their Dwellings, 
Nemora alt a remotis 



Incolltis lucls It,- 



and in them, or in fome Cave, they were wont to de- 
liver out their Precepts and Doilrines ^. 

§. 2y. The truth is the Britains had then a- The Romans^ 
niongft them very little that carry 'd any Ap- and other Nati- 
pearance of Art i j except a few flight Things ^js, as Savage, 
that probably they had either got of the Gauls, ^^ ^^^» ^^ ^ 

m Lucos ac nemora confecrant. Tacit, de Mor. Ger. c. 9. Exci- 
fique luci, (aevis fuperftitionibus facri. Nam cruore Sec. Annal. 
L. XIV. c. 30. fi Pharfal. L. III. v. 40^. y In S:ilichon. L. 1. 
V. ai& jI Druidaj -r- roborum eligunt lucos ; — Sacrificiis epu- 
lifque rite fub arbore praeparatis. &c. Nat. Hill. L. XVI.^c. 44. 
t boudicea. Tacit. Annal. L. XIV. c. 31. 5 evnit 1% lkf/(^ ij 
f ri^f«f iTM — . b t5 rw Ar^y^r; — fliA^i, Xiphilin. L. VI. P»704i « Lu- 
can. L. I. v. 454. 3- DoccDt — in fpecu, aut in abdiris faltibus. 
Pomp. Iji/Icla L. III. c, 2. « Xiphil. L. VI. p. 70;^, 703. 

and 



a4 

much Strangers 
ro Arts, as the 
Britains, 



A Litter unf^tU by fome Aniiquiiks 

and Phoeaicians with whom they had G 
merce « : or elfe made chetnfelvesy ialmitat 
of theni i as afterwards of the Romans, wl 
they were once fettled here. Whether their Efi 
were like thofe of the Gauls $j or the Chariots as'< 
War by the Phoenicians > : or of what Form they w( 
we have no Account. But 'tis nK>ft certain their \l 
of Fighting with them was very wild and extn 
gant f. Nor will it be thought ftrange that our I 
genitors fliould be, in thofe earljr times, thus n 
and unciviliz'd, when 'tis known that feveral oi 
great Nations were likewife fo till lately : nay that 
Mankind quite round the Globe were once fo, I m 
at their firft Original, in the Ages that enlu'd neit 
ter the Deluge. This the Hiftories and Account 
the AfTyrians, the Egyptians, the Chinefes, a^ all 
thers, agree in. Even the Graecians, that became ifi 
wards the moft polite and refin'd People upon Eai 
were once barbarous f. They made as little foupb 
the Briuins of flaying Men : and Sacrificing theoD 
the Deities which they worfhip'd (. They liv'd u| 
Leaves and Herbs, or upon Aearns, till Ceres t 
Triptolemus taught them to PUv/, and t0 Sew Q 
Thev had no other Clothing than only the Skiiu 
Beafts. Some of them dwelt in Caves^ others in mi 
Hutts n : others run wild in the WMs, like fo mt 
Brutes, till Pela%us, Orpheus, Amphion^ and (omt 
ther great Men, found out ways to tame^ deterr^ i 
reclaim them from their Rapine and Feritj. 



a Diodor. Sic. L. V. ] 



I 300. 



& L.VI.c. 13. Strabo jL. ulV i?^- 

** . IV. Vi^po. y Jof. XVIL 



CxfiirL.V.c. ia.( 

, r-.r Conf. Bochart. P 

II. L. I. c. 39. /8 Scrabo L. IV. p. aoo. y Jof. XVIL 
I. Sam. XID. 5". I V. Cacfar. L. IV. c. a4. p. 99. • — 

L. I. c. 6. i Porphyr. de Abft. L. II. t V. Plin. L. V 
c. ^6. Paufan. L. VlII. & alios. 



Sjlveji 



Lately iifcofer'd near Bi/bops-Gate London. zf 

Sjlvefires homines facer, interprefque Deorum, 
Cadihus, & vlHu fado, deterruit Orpheus ; 
DiHus ob hoc lenire t'igres, rabidofque leones «e. 

Nay the Romans themfelves were, not many Ages be- 
fore their Defcent upon this Ifland^ wholly Strangers 
to all the politer Arts. 

Panico bello fecundo Mufa pinnato gradu 
Intulitfe beliicofam in Romuli gentem feram fi. 
Julius Cs/ar found the Natives of Britain, at his Land* 
ing, not more rude than Evander found thoie of Italy. 
They had no Houfes : nor better Habitations than in 
hollow Trees, or in Caves y. They offered up Men in 
Sacrifice J". There was amongft them very little fliew 
of Humamtj, of Manners, or any ufeful Accomplifb'- 
ment. They were ignorant of Ttllage ; living only upon 
Vegetables^ or what they caught in Hunting. 

Hac nemora indigena Fauni Nj/mpbaque tenebant, 
Genfque vir&m truncis, & auro robe/re nata : 
Quels neque mos, neque cultus erat : necjufgere tauros^ 
Aut componere opes norant, aut parcere parte : 
Sed rami, atque afper viitu venatus alebat t . 
Indeed they were no other than fo many wild Men^ 
without Laws^ and without Government { -, which can- 
not by any Means be faid of the Britains. Nor had 
the Romans really made any confiderable Progrefs in 
Civilitj, in Arts or Science, till after they had over-run 
Greece, and were cultivated and taught by that great 
and wife People. 

« Hor. de Art. Poet. v. 391. ^ Porcius Licinius ap. A. 
Gell. L. XVII. c. 21. y Ante fadas domos^ aut ia cavis 
arboribus, aut in fpeluncis manebant. Serv. in iEneid. 
VIII. 31 J. I Dionyf. Halic. L. I. Xiphilin. L. VI. P.704. 
Plin. L. XXX. c. I. Porph. II. ^l )^xnt. Macrob. S^t. 
L. I. Serv. in iEncid. L. IL v. ii(J. • iEneid. L. VIII. 
V. 314. & feaq. Conf. Dionyf. Halic. L. I. { Genus Ho- 
minum agreite, fine legibus> fine imperio. Salluft. Bell. 
Catil. p. 4. Kd. Plantin. mdcxii. 

VqL 8. R Grdcia 



%6 A Letter Hcsfmfi bj fime Afttifulties 

Grdcid cuftaj fermn ri&orem cefit^ & ants 
Intullt sijgfefti Latio «, 

And as the Greeks were the greateft Matters in the 

World, Co the Romans fbon /hew'd chey were not lefi 

apt Proficients and Scholars. Nor will the Britaios at 

tnis day be judg'd inferior to either. 

Of the gradual §«2^» Whether the old Wall, defcrib'd abo?c, 

Inlargement of was the firft with which Londoo was eofiron'd, 

the City anti- 'tis not eafy to determin, for want of Records 

cntly : and the ^^d Memorials. Mr.Burton fi fancies Suetooiiis 

fh^l'!^ '^^"^ Paallinus, who was font over Govcrnoorhi- 
rnc nait. ^j^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ .^ WzlVd about at due 

Time. Though the Account of that Expedition whick 
he follows, I mean that of Tacitas >, is fb fiur fiom 
giving any Countenance to his Conje&are, that it im- 
ports that London was then a Place of fo little Strength 
that the Roman General quitted it, as not capable of 
being h^ld out or defended. Be that as it will, this is 
ceruin, the Wall now in being was run np wide, and 
at femeDiftance from the former and antient Bouods 
of the City. If there was any Wall before, it muit 
have been nearer this Way : and more to the Weft. 
Bccaufe the Urns, I have here given an Account of J", 
were found in the Infide of this Wall ; whereas it was 
the (landing Cuftom of the Romans, founded upon a 
Law of the XII. Tables f, to bury only wkbmn thi 
Gtj. This affords us a Proof that London did not 
formerly extend ib far Eaft : and that this Wall nmft 
have been built (ince thofe Urns were repolited there s 
which we may conje^re was about the Time of An- 
toninus^ from the Coin of that Emperour { bory'd a- 
mongil them. 

« Hor. Epift. L. IL ep. i. v. if(f. ^ Comment, on Aa« 
tooinus bis Itinerary, p. i6i. y Annd. L. XIV. c. })• 
4 $• 9* • Par. L De Jure Sacro» Homihem mortttmu 
in urbe ne fepelito, neve urico. { Conf. $• lo. fiipra. 

^ §• 27. As 



Lately dlfcover'd near Bi/bops-Qate London. a/ 

§.27. As from thefcUrns here, fo from thofe . ^ , 
of late Years brought to Light in great Num- difcovcr thVaS 
bcrs on the other fides of the Town, fbme Ad- tient Bounds and 
vances may be made towards afcertaining the Extent of the 
old Boundaries of it there : and by a careful City, by attend- 
collation of all, towards adjufting the Form, ing to the Places 
and fettling the Extent, of the whole 5 when- ^£1^ Urns we 
ever One, who has Leifure, and due Informa- digg'd up. 
cion, fhali ingage in the Undertaking. 

§• 28. Though the Romans commtted not 
the Body of Numa deceased to the Bre, he him- were woSf 7o 
felf having cxprefly forbidden it, as there was burn their Dead. 
a Tradition <i, quite down to the Time of Plu- 
tarch, the Writer of the Life of that Prince : and there 
were likewife a few others exempted j yet 'cwas the 
common Cuftom, among them, to burn their Dead. 
But this fell into Difufe as Cbriftianity prevail'd in 
the Empire : and the ProfeflTors of it brought the Man- 
ner of Buryal, us'd by the Jews, and other Oriental 
Nations, again into Praftife. Thus they renired back, 
the Body to the Earth from whence 'twas originally 
derivd y : and reftor'd anew the antient and better 
Cuftom of Interment f ; detejlir^ the Funeral-Piles of 
the Pagans, and condemning the Way of Sepulture by 
Fire f. 

§. 2p, But 'twill not be fo eafy certainly to 
determin, either at what Time the Chrittians ftlliSJo DifSS 
firft began to bury : or when they quitted the ^^ ^^ke Chriftian 
Sepulcbreta of the Heathens, pitched upon new Religion pre- 
ones, and ioterr'd their Dead apart. As 'tis be- vail'd. 
yond controverfy that fe?eral of them kept on 
in the old Way, and continued, for fome time, to burn ; 

m Ilvfi pb »» li^fKi 7* Fixf^, auTW x«rAJmyr^» in Alpfmf. Plut. 

in Numa. p. 74. Conf. Ciceron. de Lcgib. L. II. /» Plin. 
N. H. L.VlI. c. ^4. Cicero de Legib. L. II. y Reddamus 
id terrae^ unde ortum eft. Ladant. de vero cultu L. VL 
p. y4y. Ed. Oxon. #1 Veterem & meliorem confuetudi- 
nem numandi frequentamus. Minut. Fel. p. 317. • Exfe-^ 
crantur rogoS, & damnant ignium fepulturas. Id.p«97. 

R z thofe 



at A Letter eca^'d bj fome jtmi^tutief 

cho(e who chofe rather to bary^ did it in commoi 
with their Pagan Neighbours : and repofited the! 
Dead in the fame Place «. Of this, without goii^ 
further, we have Proof from the Bones found heich 
ing along with the Urns fi. 'Tis very likely that n 
fome time, at firft, the Pagans and Chriftians li? 
quietly and amicably together : and the latter, bon'i 
or bury'd the Deceased, each according to hisoi 
fancy. But as G)nver(ions were daily made : and tl 
Number of Profelytes became conGderabie, the Pagai 
began to take alarm, and think their Paternal Reiigic 
in Danger. This gave Rife to Controverfies, and Di 
putes : and, as thefe grew hot. Fends and Animofiti 
arofe, incourfe. Thereupon the Parties began tod 
ftinguifli themfelves : and each recede from other 
far as poffible. The Chriftians, from the very Begii 
ning , were not content only to withdraw from ti 
Pagan Temples and Sacrifices, but dedin'd joining 
the Publick Proceffions, the Luftrations, and oth 
Solemnities : and deny'd paying the ufual Salutatb 
to the Herms, and Statues >, that ftood abroad in tl 
Streets, and High-Ways J" ; fo far from it, that thi 
reproached and ocpos'd thofe who did t. Nay aftc 
wards, that they might feparate and keep to as gre 
Diftance as pollible, they refus'd fb much as to eat < 
drink with them ^ : or to comply with (bme of eve 
the moft innocent and indifferent of the commo 
Cuftoms : and in particular that of the ordinary S 

})ulture. As to the Pagans, they were far from oeiii 
b (hy and (crupulous of their Part: but wereforwai 
enough to fall into thefe Praftifes of the Chriltiai 
that they liked, and thought preferable to their owi 



«» V. Diflert. fur le Culte des Saints inconnus. par P. Ms 
billon, p. 14. &feq(i. fi Conf. §. 11. fupra. y Dii Semi 
tales d. Jl V. Virgilii Catal. de Sabino : & Not. To 
Scialig. in loc. 1 Min, Felix, in Oftavio. 5 Vid. Ai 
doreni Recognitiouum Clementinarum. L. II. c. 70. I 

Tin 



t 



Lately difmer^i near Bifhepi-Gate London. 29 

^ This was the Cafe of their Sepaltare ; which therefore 
they did not ftick readily to exchange for the Chri« 
ftian: and this had obtained aniverfally in the time 
of Macrobius «. How much fooner, is not eafy to de- 
termin, for want of Records^ and Teftimonies ; this 
being the oldeft exftant. But learned Men conjeiture 
that bttming fell into general Dtfufe towards the latter 
End of the Times of the Antonines 0, To which Con- 
jefture the Coin ot Antoninus Pius, found in this Bu^ 
rving-Place >, may perhaps be thought to give fome 
countenance. Without ever entering into that, the ^ 

finding thefe Bones, not only within the old City* 
Wall J", but repofited a long with the Urns i , carries . 
the Date of their Sepulture up very high. 

§.30. A late Writer, to whofe Labours Re- 
ligion, and indeed good Letters, ftand deeply Chriftianity vc- 
indebted, has product feveral very furprizing grftaiST^ '"^ 
Proofs that Chriftianity obtained very early 
here in Britain {. To this thefe Obfervations give 
fome further Atteftation : and alfo Aiew that the Chri- 
ftians were here as careful to diftinguifli themfelves from 
the Pagans, as at Rome, in Italy, and elfewhere, 

§. 31. It will not be thought ftrange that 
thefe Bones fliould be preferv'd and remain in- O^ . *« ^F^lf* 
tire fo long, when 'tis confider'd that they were J^^J^J jj p^^^ 
found in a Clay fo ftiff and clofe that they might ^^^ bury'd for 
have Iain fafe there for many Ages more, had fo many Ages, 
they not been thus difturb'd. From the Shells 
and other Marine Bodies, that are Remains of the De- 
luge «j and found at this Day firm and found in that 



u Urendi corpora defunftorum ufus noftro feculo nullus 
fit. Satumal, L.VlI. c. 7. (i Quando cadavera crcmari de- 
fierint — incertum eft. Quanquam viri dodi id fub extre- 
ma Antoninorum tempora ladum conjiciant ; quibus non 
repugnaverim. OQi. Ferrarii DiflTert. de veterum lucernis 
fepulchralib. P* 91. y Coijf. §,io. fupra. I V. §. 11. 
fupra, • V. |. 9- fupra. ^ Bp. Stillingfleet Orig, Bricau. 
c. I. n V. hfat. Hift. of the Earth. Part a. 

fort 



30 



A Lena 9€€^ip$n*d kj fomm AfOiqMiiiii 
Cxt of Clay, as well as other cerreftrial Matter, we hti 
Proof fufficient how far it is capable of prerenris 
fuch Bodies. Of the two, 'tis indeed much the ma 
furpriziog that the Cinders or Bumc-Bones flioaUi 
fo little alcer'd as we now find them. For thefc, h 
ing injur'd and prey'd upon by the Fire, wcrci 
much the more tender ana lyable to peri(h : and, fin 
thefe are fo fafely tranfmitted down to our Times, the 
cannot well be any Difficulty as to the other. 

§. 32. As from the Urns, and Places of S 

The means puhure, the WaUs, and Bounds of dieCii 

iL SituaSof maybetraced;fofromthePIaceswhcrePaicr 

the fcveral Tern* Simpula, Praefericula, and other VefTels of S 

£les antiently in criBce, have been turn'd forth of the Earth ai 
,ondon. Rubbifti, Judgement may be pafs'd of the Si 

of the Temples of this City : and., by the Figures, 11 
Infignia, exhibited upon ibme of tho(e Veflels, ^t 
Deities that they were us'd in the Worfliip of, ai 
thofe Teipples dedicated unto. 
. ^ , _ §• 33» Of this we have a Satople in thev 
mJt^Jy f "^ Things digg'd «o near St. ^^Is Churc 
near the Place *** particular, as well the Tusks of Bores, Hor 
where now St. of Oxen, and of Stags : as the Reprefentatio 
Paul's - Church of Deer, and even of Diana her felf^ upontl 
"- Sacrificing Veflcls j of ail which there are Ii 

fiances, in my Colledion. Nay I have likewife 
fmall Image of that Goddefs that was found not far ol 
Thefe plainly enough import that there was ther 
abouts antiently a Temple of Diana ; as has been ii 
deed the common Tradition « and Opinion. Nor a 
furedly would the very learned Writer 5, who h 
lately call'd this in Qneftion , ever have done tha 
had he known of thefe Things : and that there w 
yet remaining fuch Evidence there of the Sacrifii 
of Stags ; which he allows to be the froper Sacr^ 
to Diana y. 

m BurtoQ^sCom. on Antonin. p.i6^. fi Bp. Stillingflec 
Antiq. London, p. 471. 8c 542. y Ibid. p. ^j^. 

Bu 



^ ' Lately difcover'i near Bljbops-Gate London. 

<. But, Sir, I have, before I was well aware, much ex- 
1 ceeded the Bounds that I, at firft, propos'd to my felf : 
E^^ and I blufh when I refled how much of that Time I 
j have thus taken up with Trifles, that you, of all Mea 
f. living, know how to imploy lb much better. For 
•J.' which Reafon I /hall not detain you longer than 
/. vrhile I afTure you that I am, with the utmoft Kegard, 



Sir, 



Your mod obedient humble Servant 



Grefham College 
^3. June 1707. 



J. Woodward, 



GUI- 



!* 



I . - t » 



GUILIELMI STEPHANIDIS 

Defcriptio nobiliffimx civicatis 

L O N D O N I iE. 

E Codice MS. vetufto in Biblio- 
theca Bodlejana. 



Vol. 8. s mir$am 



34 



William Burton in his Commentary on jfntmm 
his Itinerary, or Journies of the l^mane^ 
pire, fo far as it concernech Britain^ Lond. 
idfS.foL pag. 172. 

I have all along for that fpacc [v/z. while the Romans ex- 
ercifed their power and bore fway here in the lilaod] been 
very fcrupuious and circumfpeft what audiorities I madeifc 
of. Hence it is. that where I found not fiifficient proof if 
what I met witn, were it never fo fpecious for the hoaoar 
and intereft of Britain. I rejeded it as unvalid. As when 
Conftantine the Great s birth-place is affigned to beLondoo, 
and that by no mean Authors* among whom is WdBsm Sk- 
fhamdes^ or Fii-Stefben^ an Author who, above 400. jfOB 
ago, wrote theDeicription of the City of London inLann^t 
very learned man for that age, . whofe Book, though it be rf 
late left out of the Catalogue of his works by yoatmesFHjm^ 
yet is he mention^ with good credit by as antienc a Wncer 
and better thought of than he, Rawtlph of ISgdem in hkPA^ 
chronicon lib.VII. cap. ly. Neither for fome ftately ftnidures 
in London and elfe-where could I bring my belief to &oq 
him for the founder, who is common^ delivered and b^ 
lievedfo : I here intend efpecially « Julius Cfle(ar, faidtobe 
the builder of the Tower, and other ftately Edifices abroad; 
of which the fame laft cited Author in the fame work thus : 
Hahet (he fpeaks of this flourifliing City) at orients Mnm 
Palatinam^ maximam & fartlffimam^ cujus or area^ ^mmi 
fitndamento frofnndijKmo exfurgunt : eemento gum fs^itme mn^ 
malium temperato. I could ferioufly wi(h that that piece were 
better mended in the hands of men, or at leaft better under- 
ftood. then I prefume it is by the Tranflation thereof, pub- 
lifliea in the laft large edition of Stowe's Survey of Londoo. 



n Hen. Ernftius Obfcrvat. lib. 2. cap. x6. 



DE« 



s 



n 



* DESCRIPTIO 
NOBILISSIM^ CIVITATIS 

^LONDONI^. 

De Situ ejkfdem. 

INTER nobiles urbes orbis, quas fama celebrar, civitas 
Londonia, regni Anglorum ledes, una eft qu« famam 
fui iatius diffbadit, opes & merces longius tranfmlttit, 
caput altius excoUit. Felix eft aeris falubritate, Chriftiana 
religione, firmitate munitionum, naturafitus, honore civium, 
pudicitia matronali, ludis etiam quam y jocunda, & nobilium 
eft fcecunda virorum. Quae fingula femotim libct iafpicere. 

De dementia aerh, 

Ibi fiquidem emollit animos hominum dementia coeli, 
xion ut unt in venerem f putres, fed ne feri fine & beftiales, 
potius benigni & liberales. 

De religiane. 

Eft ibi in ecclefia beati Pauii epifcopalis fedes. Quondam 
fuit metropolitana, & adhuc fatura creditur, fi remeaverinc 
cives in inlulam ; nifi forte beati Thomae martyris titulus ar- 
chiepifcopaliSyScpraefentia corporalis,dignitatem illam Can- 
tuariac (ubi nunc eft) confervet perpetuam. Sed cum utram- 
que urbium harum (an&us Thomas illuftraverit, Londoniam 
ortu, Cantuariam occafu, ipfius (andi intuitu, cum juftitiac 
acceffii, habet altera adverfus alteram quod amplius alleget* 

M Ad initium Codicis banc notam quifpiam pofuit : Hnjia 
Defcftpttonts autor^ afferente fo* Stouo^ erat Gu$L Stephanides^ 
feu PitZ'Stefhen^ manachus Cofauarienp* Natus erat Londini 
farentiius ingenuis^ feu iUufirikus^ Ptxit regnante R. Stephana, 
Scripfit regnante Hen. II. Obiit regnante Rfchardo I. -/^». Dont. 
Mcxci. Hiec ex BaUo ; cut aide Lelandum de hoc Stephanide. 
fi Londonia] Nunc Lundonia^ cumir. nunc Londonsa^ cum p^ 
legitiir in MS. y focunda^ Jucunda in Stoveo. 4 Tutres^ 
fed ne'] Sic plane in Cod. noftro ; non, ut in Stoveo, putres^ 
ut ne. 

S X Sunt 



G. Siipbsm£s l>ifcrtfti0 

Sunt edtm (qaod td Chiiftiaox fidei cultum perdnet) t 
in Loadonia, mm in fuburbano^ XIII* majores ecdefiaeo 
Tcnnium, prxcer minores m parochianas cxzvi* 

De firmitate wtUs. 

Hibct ab oriente arcemPaladnain,inaximain & fortiffiin 
cujus & area & muri a fundamento profiindifliino exfurgo 
cemcDro cum languine animalium temperato. Ab ocdoc 
Guo ciitella /s munitiffima ; muro urbis, alto & magno, 

i>Ia£i5 beprapylx portis, intercootinuante, turrito ab %y 
one per intercapedines. Similiterque ab auftro Loikb 
murata & tunira fliit : fed fluvius maximus pifcofiis Tan 
fis, mari iofluo reduoque qui y iliac allabitur, mcenia 
tradhi temporis alluit, labefadayit^ dejecit. Item fiu 
ab occidente palatium regium eminet ftiper fluvium ( 
dem, xdificium incomparabile, cum antemurali & pro| 
naciuis, duobus 4 miJlibus ab urbe, fuburbano frequ 
coociQuante. 

Undique extra domos fuburbanonim horti civium ari 
bus ccnmti, fpatiofi & fpeciofi, contigui habentur. 

De fafcuis & t fstiamslittis. 

Item k borea func agri pafcui, & pratorum grata plani 
aquis fluvialibus iatertiuis, ad quas ( moUnorum verffl 
rotx citanrur cum murmure jocofo. Proxime « patet 
refta ingens, ^ faltus nemorou, ferarum latebrae, cervoi 
damarum, aprorum^ & taurorum filveftrium. Ajgri i 
rationales non funt jejunas glarea^ (ed pingues A&io 



m Pior^cblsMas'] FMrrechUnss cum duplici r in MS. 
aliter ac ParrocbUghm & FMrfchiMtio legimus. fi Mm 
fimm] Colo poft munitiffima diftinxit Stoveus ; qui & coi 
poft partis omifir. In MS. autem pro duflatis bePtafyU 
gitur dufpUtis eptn^le. y Wac] lUic primum in Cod. n( 
Kripcum fuerat. Sed a fupra pofteriore / eadem pofuit 
nus. A, Mittihus'] MHihus in MS. Cum duplici / eciai 
aliis non paucis Codd. t Sationalihus^ Agris Icil. fationi 
neis. Vocem item habemus apudjoan. Sarisber. ( i 
narum"] Tarn mol'mum quam meUndinum in vetuftis C 
% FMtet'] Pocius patent. ^ Saltus &c.] Ita diftinxi, fav 
Cod. MS. ut poft latehra woxfcilicet vel vide/icet fubau 
tur. Male in Stoveo, faltus nemaroP ferarum^ latebne 
vontmj &c. In Cod. autem MS. dammorum pro dam 
legiiur. 



ChfiMis Londomse. 37 

4qui n fkciant Ixtas fegetes, & fuorum cultoram repleant 
horrea Cerealis /B mergite culmi. 

J)e fontihts. 
Sunt & circa Londoniam ab aquilone (uburbani fontes 
praecipui aaua dulci, falubri, perfpicua, & per claros rivo 
trepidante lapillos. Inter ^uos fons facer, fons clericomm^ 
fons fandti Clementis nommatiores habentur, & adeuntur 
ycelebriore acceffu & majore frequentia fcholarum, & 
urbanas juventutis in ferotinis aeftivis ad auram exeuntis* 
Urbs fane bona, cum bonum habeat dominum. 

De honore chvium. 

. Urbs ifta viris eft honorata, armis decorata, multo habi- 
tatore populofa, ut tempore bellicx cladis fub rege Stephano 
i^ bello apti ex ea exeuntes oftentatui haberentur, & xz. 
mille armatorum equitum, LX.millepeditumaeftimarentur. 
Gives Londonias ubicunque locorum prx omnibus aliis civi- 
bus ornatu morum, veftium & menfx, locutione fpedabiles 
& noti habentur, 

De mafromh. 

Urbis matrons ipfas Sabinse funt. 
De fcbolis. 

InLondonia iii. principales ecclefiae fcbolas celebres ha- 
bent de privilegio & antiqua dignitate. Plerumque tamen 
favore perfonas aUcujus, vel aliquorum dodlorum, qui ilecun- 



m Factant] Faciunt in Stoveo. Ita etiam k manu recenti 
in MS. fed male, fi Mergite'] Mergete MS. Jugere in Stoveo. 
perperam. 

Aut fmtu pecorum^ aut Cerealis mergite culml 

Virgil. Georg. U. 517. Mamfulos fpicamm^ mergites dUimuf^ 
inquit Servius. y CeleMore'] Cekhiori^ & mox majors^ in 
Stoveo. f Betto afti &c.1 Aliter in Stoveo, viz, ieOo afti^ 
ex ea exeuntes ofientatui^ baJferentur^oooo* armaterum equHum^ 
60. mitte &c. & in verfione Anglica, 3ltl tfte fiitail varre0 
itntifr iting Bt^tn, t|^e amit ont to a fl^aftcr, mtn fit 
for wane, efteenUD to ^e ntunber of aoooo. I^orlhiiefi avmeli, 
anH 60000. Cootmen* In Cod. autem noftro cum oftentatui 
tun oftentui fcribitur. £t quidem oftentui veriorem efle 
ledtionem cenfuerim. nifi quod feptem punda (c^uamvis id 
k manu recentiori niAum fuifle fufpicer) pom videam. 
Nonnulli tamen oftentatiom ( quam vocem pauUo inferius 
adhibuit audor) forfan malint. 

dum 



^ 



G. Stifhsmdis Deferifth 

dum philofophiam noti 8c prasclari «t habeanmr. & alias ibi 
fcholx funt de gratia & permilGSone. Diebus feitis ad eccle- 
fias feftivas niagiftri conventus fi celebrant : difputant fcho- 
lares, quidam demonftrative, dialeftice alii : alii recitant 
y enthymcmata : f hii melius perFedtis utumur fyllogifmis. 
Quidam ad oftentationem cxercentur difputatione quas eft 
inter colludantes : alii ad vcritatem ea c}u« eft perfeftionis 
gratia : fophift« fimulatores agmine & inundatione verbo- 
rum beati judicantur. Alii • paralogi^iantur : Oratores ali- 
qui quandoque orationibus rhetoricis aliquid dicunt appofite 
ad perfuadendum, curaotes artis prxcepta fervare, 6c ex 
contingentibus nihil oraittere. Pucri diverfarum fcholarum 
verfibus inter fe conrixantur, { aut de principiis artis gram- 
matical, regulis praBtcritorum vel futurorum contendunt. 
t Sunt alii qui in epigrammatibus, rithmis, & metris utun- 
tur rctcre lUa triviali dicacitate, licentia Feccnnina focios 
fuppreffis nominibus liberius lacerant, loedoriasjaculantur 
& icommata, falibus 9" Socraticis fociorum, vel forte ma- 
jorum, vitia tangunt, i rfe mordacius dente rodant Theonino. 



•f Haieantur^ Hahentur in Stoveo. fi Celckrant'^ Sic e 
Cod. MS. rede edidi, non ahbrtrntur ut in Stoveo^ cujus 
ctiam verfio ( fi modo verfio ifta illi debeatur) hoc m loco 
male fe habet. y E,ntbjmemata\ Enfimmata MS. ^ H/V] 
Hr Stov. Sed hii frequentiffimc m Codd. antiquis. • Fara^ 
logizantur'} Tarahgicantur MS. fed c pro z fepe in libris 
veteribus. { A^t de"] Et pro aut fupra lin. fcripfit manus 
recens. quo modo etiaM edidit Stoveus. « Sunt alii &c,] 
Sunt alii ipti efigrammatikus ^ rithmis & metris utuntur^ vetere 
iBa triviali dicacitate^ licentia Fefcennina fdcios fupfrej[fis nomi^ 
nihus Uberius lacerant^ &c. Stov. nee melius in verfione 
vemacula. Fefcennia^ vel Fefcenmum^ eft oppidum Hetru- 
riac, in quo non tantum nuptialia carmina fuerunt inventa, 
fcd&carminis quoddam genus, omni obfccenitate, oppro- 
brioque refertum. Hinc multas locutiones apud audores 
vcteres. ^ Socraticts] Sacraticis MS. S9tadicis malint forfan 
nomiulli: quo modo nempe legendum effe fufpicatur Cata- 
nseus io Plinii Epp. V. 5. ubi tRmcnfatyric^s habenc imprcffi, 
S0craticds MSS. Ncc fane follicitanda eft Icdtio, ut nos 
monuimus in Editione noftra Plinii quaiicunque. i N0 
ridrdacius &c.] Sic in Cod. noftro. Sed man!is recens emen- 
davit, vel mordaciut demte rodunt Theonino. quo modo etiam 
legiturin Stoveo. Porro in libro noftro MS. poft Theonino 
adduntur audatilms atthiranus. fed perperam^ utopinor. Nam 
fub utraque voce linea ducitur, pundaque fub atthiranus 

ponuntur. 



Andicoret multum ridere parati iDgeminant cremulos nafo 
crifpantc cachinnos. 

Di diffQJitiom nrKs. 
Singulorum officiorum exercitores,fiDgulanim rerum ven- 
dicorei, fiagularum operarum fuarimi locatores, quotidiano 
mane per fe func locis diftia&i omnes^ ut o£Bciis. Pnecerea 
eft in Londonia fupra ripam fluminis inter vina in aavibus, 
& cellis vinariis venalia, publica coquina. Ibi auotidie pro 
tempore eft invenire cibaria fercula, afla, frixa, efixa, pifces, 
pifcKulo8,carnes grofliores pauperibus,delicatiores divicibus 
▼enftrionum, avium, avicularum. Si liibico venianc ad ali- 
quemcivium amidntigati ex icinere, nee libeac itjcjuniis 
ezipedare ut novicibi emantur, coquantur, /Bdant famuli 
mtnibiu limphas pane^ue. Interim ad ripam curricur. ibi 
prsefto (iint omnia dehiderabilia. Quancalibet mUitum vei 
perepinorum iniinitas intrarit urbem, (jualibet diei vei 
noAu bora, vei ab urbe ezitura, ne vei hii minimum jeju- 
sent, vei alii inpranii excant, Uluc, fi placeat, diverrunr, 
& le pro modo (uo iinguli reficiunt. Qui fe curare volunt 
moUiter, y accipenferem, vei aliam avem, vei t atragen 
lonicum non quxrant, appoiicis qux ibi inveniuntur deliciis. 
Hue equidem publica coquina eit, 6r civitati plurimum ex- 
pedient, & ad civitatem pertinens* Hinc eft quod legitur 



ponimtur. Quid quod & deefl in ora Codicis it dodo quo- 
dtm viro fcribatur, in alio quo ufus eft MS. ea defiderari 
detente ? m yejtmih^ Jejunis S:ov. /8 Danf\ Dent in MS. 
Sed m fiipra lin. a manu recenti fcribitur. Nee alitcr quam 
noa edidimus in Stoveo. y jiccifenfercm] Redius acipenfe^ 
rem. Fcftus tamen aqfiffenjerem fcribiri Forte & Acipenps 
inreAo cafu profertur ; & indefortaffis acrfenfem in accufa- 
tivo formavit Martialis, ubi tamen alii actfemfera legunt. 
Rondoletius fufe admodum. nee minus erudite, doeuit aci- 
penfcrem non alium quam fturionem antiquis fuifle. Quam 
eciam fententiam ampleduntur Gefnerus & Aldrovandus. 
Sfllvianus cum Jovio confentit ilium filurum efle ftatuente. 
C^m opinionem reprobac Gefnerus. At Aldrovandus litem 
conciliat, fturionemque tum filurum veterum efte rum aci- 
penferem docet. Id fane eonftat pifeem omnium nobililfi- 
mum atque lautiflSmum habitum fuiffe. f Attagen] Malim 
Mt^enem. Hafc avis (quam vei eandcm cfle noftne lago- 
Podi alterae t|^Scl^ame didla, vcl ei affinem eenfet Wil- 
lughbeius) primum dignitatis gradum apud veceres obci- 

in 



40 



G. Stefbimtdh Defcriftio 

in Gorgia Pktonis, « juxta medicinam efle cocorum ofGcium 
fimulacrum 6c adulatioaem quartx parciculx civilitatis. EQ: 
ibi extra unam portarum ftacim in fuburbio quidam planus 
campus re & nomine. Omni VI". feria, nifi lit major fefti- 
vitas praeceptx folennitatis, eflb ibi celebre fi fpeaaculum 
nobilium equorum venalium. Spe&aturi vel empturi ve- 
niunt, qui in urbe adfunt, comites, barones, milites, cives 
plurimi. Juvat videre gradarios fuccuflatura nitente fuavi- 
ter ambulantes. pedibus iateraliter fimul ere&is, quafi k 
fubaltemis & demiflis. Hinc equos, qui armigeris magis 
conveniunt, durius incedentes^ fed expedite tamen, qui 

Juafi k contradi&oribus pedes fimul elevant & deponunt. 
line nobiles pullos juniores, qui nondum freno bene afTueti, 
altius incedunt, & mollia crura reponunt. Hinc fummarios 
membrisvalidisfic vegetis. Hinc dextrarios pretiofos, ele- 

entis fbrmae, (htturae honeftae, micantes auribus, cervici- 
s arduis, clunibus obefis. In horum inceflii fpeS:ant 
emptores primo pafKim fuaviorem, poftea mocum citatio- 
rem, qui ell quau k contrariis pedibus anterioribus fimul 
folo amotis & admotis, & poftenoribus fimiliter. Cum ta- 
Hum fonipedum curfus imminet, & aliorum forte qui fimili- 
ter funt in genere fuo ad veduram validi, ad curluram ve- 
geti, clamor attoUitur, vulgares equos in partem ire prasci- 
pitur. Seflbres alipedum pueri, iii, fimul, aliquando bini 
ex condido & bini certammi fe pratparant, dodi equis im- 
peritare, indcmiitorum lupatis temperant firenis ora. Hoc 
maxime prascavent ne alter alter! concurfum prxripiat. 
y Equi fimiliter pro mode fiio ad certamen curfus illius at- 
toUunt ; tremunt artus moras impatientes. flare loco nefci- 
unt, fado fig^o membra extendunt, curfum rapiunt, agili- 
tate pervicaci feruntur. Certant feflbres laudis amore, fpe 
vidoriae, equis admiffis fubdere calcaria, & nee minus ur- 
gere cos virgis 8c ciere clamoribus. Putares omnia in motu 

, « Jifxim medicinam &c.] Ita h Cod. MS< rede edidi. non, 
ut in Stov. juxU medicmam e^e co^uarum afficium^ fimulan- 
tium & aditUahnimpntartafarttcula civilftatis. Miror itaque 
ntium fupra lin. in Cod. MS. (ac iipmulantium le^ deberet) 
virum quendam dodum pofuiOfei Male etiam m verfione 
Anglica, l^eteofon soe veade in |Matoe0 (Vorgiaiaf. tf^at tl^t 
ofBce or eodw (0 nun to 9<w6cte, anO tl»z wtxtxt of 
liiffemideni Oft ftm^ van of citoOite. ^ SfeBaculum] Sfe- 
8acul0riim Stor. y Equi^ Et qui Stov. Nee aliter fupra 
lin. in Cod. noftro \ manu receati* Rede tamen fe habec 
verfio Anglica. 

efle 



Civiiath London}^. 

efle fecundutn • Heraclitum , & falfam omoiao Zenonis 
fententiam dicentis, quoniam non jS contingic moveri, ne- 
que ftadium pertranfire. Parte alia ftant y feorfum rufti- 
conun peculia, agrorum inftrumenta, fues longis iaceribus, 
vaccae diftentis uberibus, corpora magna bourn, lanigerum- 
que pecus. Stanc ibi aptx aracris, trahis, & bigis equse. 
quarumdam ventres toetibus tument. alias editi foetus ob- 
cunt puUi laiciviores, fequela infeparabilis. Ad banc urbem 
ex omoi natione qax Tub coelo eft navalia gaudent inftitores 
habere commercia. Aurum mittit Arabs, fpecies 6c thura 
Sabasus, arma ^ Scythes^ oleum palmarum diyite filva. 
Pingue lolum Babylon, Nilus lapides pretiofos : Seres pur- 
pureas veftesi Norweei, t Rufli, variuni. griUum, fabeli- 
nas 'y Galli fua vina. Urbe Roma fecundum chronicorum 
fidem (atis antiquior eft. Ab eifiiem quippe patribus Tro- 
janis haec prius a Bnito condita eft ^ qaam ilia k Remo 6c 
Romulo. Unde & adbuc antiquis eifdem utuntur legibus, 
communibus inftitutis. Hxc fimiliter illi regionibus eft di- 
ftinda : habet annuos pro confulibus vice-comites : habet 
fenatoriam dignitatem & magiftratus minores : eluviones 
& aquaeduAus in vicis : ad genera caufarum^ deliberativae, 
demonftrativx, judicialis, loca fua, fora (ingula. habet fua 
n diebus ftatutis comitia. Non puto urbem efle in qiia fine 

Srobabiliores confuetudines in ecclefiis vificandis, ordinatis 
ei honorandis, feftis feriandis, eleemofynis dandis, in hofpi- 
tibus fufcipiendis, in defponfationibus firmandis, matrimo- 
'0iis contrahendis, nuptiis celebrandis^ conviviis ornandis, 
9- convivis hilarandis, etiam in exequiis curandis & cadave^ 
ribus humandis. i Solx peftes « Londonix funt immoderata 
fhiltorum potatio, & frequens incendium. Ad hxc omnea 
fere e^ifcopi, abbates, & magnates Anglix, quafi cives & 
municipes funt urbis Londonix, a fua ibi habentes xdificia 
prxclara, ubi fe recipiunt, ubi divites impenfas faciunt, ad 
concilia, ad conventus celebres in urbem evocati k domino 
regc, vel metropolitano fuo, feii propriis tradi negotiis. 

m Heraclitum] Eraditum MS. $ Contingtt] Continget Stov. 
y SeorfuM^ SeorRm Stov. A Scythes']' Scites MS. • -Ri#] 
JBUdci MS. Ibid. Varium^ grifwm fsbelinai] Vide.Du-Frefmi 
Gloflarium. ^ iluam ilia] Deeft Wa in Stoveo. n Diekus\ 
Vieius in MS. Sed bus fupra ius fcripfit vir dodus. Qujn 
8c dlehus in Stoveo. ^ Convivis hilarandh'] Convlviishil. 
MS. fed convivis repofuit manus recens. nee aliter in Stoveo* 
i Sola] Soli MS* Sed 4? fupra lin. Jt manu rec. Necfecusin 
Stov. » London!^ funtl Londlnifunt StOY. ^ Sna] Sui Stov. 

Vol. 8. t Di 



<?• StepbmutRs Defirifth 

De ludis, 

Amplius & ad ludos urUs veniamus, quoniam non expe* 
dit utifem tancam Sc feriam urbem efTe, nifi dulcis eciam (ic 
&: jocunda. Unde & in (igillia fummorum Poatificum, ufque 
ad tempora Leonis papx, ex altera parte bulla? ti iculpto 
per imprel&onem pifcacore Petro, & fupra eum clave quad 
manu dei de coelis ei porreda, & circa eum verfu, 

2V fro mi navem liquifii^ A/^'jP^ clofvem^ 

ex altera parte imprefla erat urbs, & fcriptura ifta, /S Anrea 
Bmms. Item ad laudem Casfaris Augufti & Romas didum 
eft: 

KoBi pluh Ma J ndeunt ffeSatuU mane : 
DMfum imfirium cum Jove Cafar ha^s. 
Londonia pro foedaculis theatralibus, pro ludis fcenicis, lu* 
dos habet fanaiores, reprxfentationes miraculorum, quse 
fahAi confeflbres operati funt, feu reprxfentationes pauio- 
imm, quibus daruit conftantia martyrum. Prxterea auot- 
timis die, qux dicitur y Carnilevaria, ut k puerorum ludis 
incipiamus, (omnes enimpaeri fuimus) fcholarum finguli 
pueri fuos apportant magiitro fuo gallos gallinaceos pugna- 
torea, & totum illud antemeridianum datur ludo puerorum 
racaothim (pedare in fcholis fuorum pugnas gallorum. Poft 
prandium exit in campos omnia juventus urbis ad lufum 
pilac celebrem. Sihgulorum ftudiorum fcholares fuam ha- 
bent pilam : finjgulorum offidorum urbis exercitores fuam 
A Bngfili pilam m manibus. Majores natu patres & divitea 
urbis in equis fpedatum veniunt certamina juniorum, & 
modo fiiG f ioveniuntur cum juvenibus, & excitari videtur 
in ds motus caloris natnralis contemplatione tanti motus & 
participatione ^udiorum adolefcenax liberioris. Singulis 
diebus dominias in Quadragefima poft prandia exit in cam- 
pos juvenum recens examen in equis bellicofis : in equis 
certamine primis : quorum quifipie aptus 8c in gyros cur** 
rere dodus equus. Erumpunt k portis catervatim filii ci- 



f 
m Sculfto] ^9 in Cod. noftro MS. ac ^fcripto legi debeat. 
Stdfiu^t manu recenti fupra lin, quo modo & Stoveus. 
# Aarea'] Auhm MS. y Camilevma] Rede carmlevarim^ 
ut plane in Cod. MS. noftro, non carmhale ut in ora Codicis, 
& m Edit. Stovei. Camlevaria autem idem eft quod carm'* 
ffMim^ yel carmffrivmm. 4 Shig. fiUm\ Sing, felum MS* 
§ Jwvomumfur] htvmisMiurMS. Sed » fupra # k manu rec. 
Nee aliter quam nos cdidit Scot* 

viom 



Gvitath l^fuhms. 4I 

vium laid* inftruAi lanceis & fcutis milltaribus: juniores 
haftilibus ferro dempto praefurcatis fimulachra belli • cieot^ 
& aipnifticam exercenc militarem. Adveniunt & plurinu 
aulici, rege in vicino pofico, & de familiis confulum 6c ba- 
ronum ephebi, nondum cingulo donaci miliciae, gratia con- 
certandi. Accendic fingulos fpes vidoriae. equi feri adhin- 
niunt^ tremunc arms, trenos mandunt, impatiences morx 
ftare loco nefciunt. Cum tandem fonipedum rapit ungula 
curfum, feflbres adolefcentes divifis agminibus /B bis praece- 
dencibus inftant, nee aflequuntur ; hii focios y deiciunt & 
praetervolant. in feriis pafchalibus ludunc quafi pro^lia ha- 
valia. In arbore fiquidem mediamna fcuto fortiter innexo^ 
ntvicula, ^malo, remo & raptu fluminis cita, in prora 
ftancem habet juvenem, fcutum illud lancea percufliirum. 
Qtii fi Icuto nil lanceam illidens frangat earn, & immocus 
permlat, habet propofitum^ voti compos eft : fivero lancea 
Integra fortiter percuQerit, m proBuentem amnem i deicicur, 
navis motu fuo a£i:a praeterit. Sunt tamen hinc inde fecus 
fcutum duas naves ftationarix, & in eis juvenes plurimi, uc 
eripiant percufTorem flumine ( abforptum. cum primo emer- 
fiis comparet, vel fumma rurfus cum bullit in unda. Supra 
pontem & in folariis fiinra fluvium funt qui taiia fpedenr, 
multum ridere parati. In feftis tota a:ftate juvenes ludentea 
exercentur in ialiendo, in arcu, in luda, jadu lapidum^ 
amentatis miffilibus ultra metam, expediendis parmis duel- 
lionum. Puellarum Cicherasa ducit cnoros, & pede libera 
pulfatur tellus, ufque imminente luna. In hieme (ingulis. 
fere feftis ante prandium vel apri fpumantes pugnant pro 

m Cienf] Scient MS. fi His fracedentthus'^ Sic plane in 
MS. fed hi pro bis in Stoveo. y Diiciunt] ReSe. Sed 
dejiciuni^ ut vulgo, in Stov. <4 Malo] Hanc vocem omifit 
Stoveus. Quin & in Cod. noftro quatuor punda fub ea po- 
fuit manus recens. Sed retinend. efte cenfeo. i Dekltkr^ 
Dejfchur Stov. ? Aiforftum] Atfoftum MS. Diftindioni 
noftrx adftipulatur Cod. MS. Nee aliter quidem Stoveus 
in textu Latino ; fed fi verfionem Anglicanam fequamur, 

?lena diftindiopoft siforftum^ comma poft vfuU poni debet* 
Jam ita fe habet: bat on cit|^ff fibe tbiM Coffet, two 
SVpu SitOi iniOafti^ wtOt mwn tons men rcal^f to tako 
bim op aEtor Ift tf fonke t aibono 00 M aweoretl^ asaioo 
on ti^o top oC tte vater, tl^ Pf€tum0 ftonli mon t|^ 
SrOise, anH otl^n eonbenifnt placeg atent t^ Stter to 
bef^oin tlfttt ttiingur, bUn% pvepareo fox lanjAter^ opon tfto 
1ilQlt^'n^it9» &c. 

T % capitibus^ 



44 ^' Siephantdis Defertptia 

capitibus, & verrcs fulmineis accindti dentibus addendi fuc- 
cidise, vcl pingiies tauri cornupetae, feu urfi immanes cum 
objeAis depugnant canibus. Cum eft congelata palus ilia 
magna, quae moenia urbis aquilonalia alluir, exeunt lufum 
fuper glaciem denfas juvenum turmae. Hii ex curfu motu 
captato citatiore, diftantia pedum pofita, magnum fpatium 
latere altero prxtenfo perlaountur. Alii quafi magnos lapi- 
dc8 molares de glacie ledcs fibi faciunt : feflbrem unum tra- 
hunt plurimi praecurrentes, manibus fe tenentes. In tanta 
citatione motus aliquandopedibus lapfi cadunt omnes proni. 
Sunt alii fiiper glaciem ludere dodiores, fitmili pedibus fuis 
aptantes, & fub talaribus fuis alligantes ofla, tibias fcilicet 
animalium, 6c palos ferro acuto m luppofito tenentes in ma- 
nibus, quos aliquando glaciei fi illidunt: tanta rapacitate 
feruntur, quanta avis voians, vel pilum baliftac. Interdum 
autem y magna procul diftantia ex condido duo aliqui ita 
ab oppofitis veniunt. Concurritur, palos erigunt, fe invi- 
cem percutiunt : vel alter, vel ambo cadunt, non fine las- 
fione corporali. cum poft cafum etiam vi motus feruntur ab 
invicem procul, & qua parte glades caput tangit, totum 
radit, totum decorticat. Flerumque tibia cadentis, vel bra- 
chium, fi fuper illud ceciderir, confringitur. Sed aetas avida 

ifloriac, juventus cupida vidtoriae, ut in veris proeliis fortius 
e habcant, ita in fimulatis f exercetur. Plurimi civium 
deledantur ludetites in avibus coeli, nifis^ accipitribus, & 
hujufmodi, & in canibus militantibus in fiivis. Habentque 
cives fuum jus venandi in Midelfexia, Hertfordfira, & tota 
Chiltra, & m Cantia ufque ad aquam Graiae. Londonienfes, 
tunc Trinovantes didi, • Cajum Julium Caefarem, qui nul- 
las nifi fanguine fufo vias habere gaudebat, repulerunt. 
Unde Lucanus, 

Terrlta quMJUis oftenJit terga Brttannis. 

Civitas Londonia reperit aliquos, qui regna pjlurima, & Ro- 
manum fibi fubdiderunt imperium, & plurimos alios quos 



m Suffofto] Sic in MS. Superpojrto Scov. fi lUiduni] j^Bt- 
Junt Stov. y Magna] P magna in MS. cum punfto fub p. 
Inde, ni fallor, per fiipra lin. fcripfit manus recens. Hinc 
criam forfan permagna in Stoyeo, qui Codicem hunc, ut 
ppinor, ob oculos habuit. Ibid, ExcondlBo&cc^lnt^t^ 
punftionem noftram firmat Cod. MS* Aliter autem Stoveus, 
ifcil. ex condiHo^ duo aliqus ita at oppojitis veniunt^ concurritur : 
palos erigunt &c. 4 Exercetur] Exercentur MS. • Cahuml 
Gajum MS. 

mundi 



I 



GviUiis lAnd§m4e: 49 

muiufi domincM virtus evexit ad deos, uc fiierat in n Apol* 
linis oraculo Bruto promifliiin : 

Bnufui (Kcafu f9lis^ trMus Gattica regita^ 
htfils m 0ce0m0 eft mudifn ^'"^jj/^ marl. 

Bs9€ feifj 9sm^0 tit fedet mi iuM ferenms. 
y Hit fit MMtss altera TYoja tmis. 

Hie Je/hfe tua reges nafcentur^ & ipfis 
TMat terr£ futditus arks erst. 

In temporibus Chriftianis nobilem ilium edidit imperatorem 
Conftandnum, ^ui urbem Romam, & imperiaua infignia 
omnia deo donavic, & beato Petro, & Silveftro papx, cui 
Sc ftftttms ezhibuic officium. & fe non amplius imperato- 
rem, 4 fedJandx ecdefiae Romaaas defenforem gavifus eft 
vootri : & ne pax domini papx, occafione pracfentix ejus, 
fecularis ftrepicus tumultu concuteretur. ipfe ab urbe do- 
mino papx collata omnino difceiSt, & fibi civitatem • By- 
zantium xdificavit. Londonia & modemis temporibus re- 
Ses illuftres magnificofque peperit : imperatricem Matil- 
cfflj Henricum ? regem tertium, & bcatum Thomam 
archiepifcopum^ Chrilti martyrem ^loricfum, quali non 
candidiorem tulit. nee quo fuerit devindior alter omnibus 
bonis totius orbisLatini. 



m j^Bsnh'] JlffoVsms MS. It Oceane'] Oceeano MS. 
y Hie fiet'\ Oec fiet MS. 4 SeJ fanS^^ ^^^ f^^^ MS. Et 
qmdem Jit in multis Codd. antiquis. t Byzantium] BifaM" 
ttum MS. ? Begem tertsum'] Sic etiam in Sroveo. Sed ft- 
eundtim^ ut puto, corriei debet. Hinc autem coUigo Co- 
dicem nunc regnante Hen. III. fcriptum fliifle, & mendam 
banc fcribx attribuendam efle. id quod etiam conftat ex 
chronico quodam breviculo cum hoc Codice compa&o. & 
eadem manu exarato, quod ad Henrici III, tempora ulque 
pertingit. 



FINIS. 
JAW 7 39J3*