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\ 




THE 

ITINERARY 

O F 

JOHN LELAND 

THE 

A N T I CLU A R Y. 



Vol, the Fifth. 



Publifh'd from the Original MS. in the 
BODLEIAN Library 

By Thomas Hearke M.A. 



To which is prefix'd 
M^ W. Vallaks's Account of fevcral Parts of 

HARTFORD-SHIRE: 

And at the End is fubjoyn'd 

A Letter concerning fome Antiquities between 
WINDSOR and OXFORD. 



The Second Edition. 



X F l^Dy 

Printed at the T h e a t e r for James Fletcher^ Bookfeller 
in the l\trl^ and Jofefh Pote^ Bookfeller at Eton. 

MDCCXLIV. 



D^ Thomas Fitller's 

Church' Hiftory 0/ Britain, Book VL p. 3 39* 

pity it is, that Mr. LeUnd's worthy Collcftions were 
never made publick in print; and fomc, jaftly to 
be praifcd for care in preferving, may as juftly be 
taxed for envy in ingroffing fuch Monuments of 
Antiquity. 




Ill 



THE 

PREFACE. 

THE greatefi TmH of thh Volume relates to Wales. 
The Obfervations are very remarkable, and mofi of 
them fuch as have not been noted hy any of our Hi- 
ftorians or Antiquaries that have treated of this 
Tart of Great Britain. Mr. StoweV T.ranfcript vas of no 
fmaU Jervtce to me in adjujiing fome Paflaees. For notwith" 
Jlanding he does not feem to have underftood Latin very velly 
(for which reafon there are divers grofs Miftakes in his Latin 
Tranfcripts) and th&* he us'd much liherty in adding, leaving 
out and tranfpofing, jet his Copy being taken about twenty 
four Tears after Mr. Leland's Death {before the Originals 
had recei*{fd much Damage) they are of excellent ufe in filling 
up the vacant Places, and in Jettling fome other Difficulties; 
Ti^hich Advantage cannot be exffeSeafrom fuch Copies as were 
tranfcrib^d divers Tears ^ afterwards^ *Tls this Ufe therefore 
that I have made of this Tranfcript, and mofi of the Supple- 
ments in this Volume {which are inclosed in Crotchets) are 
to be attributed to this Copy and not to Mr. Burton'^ , which 
however was written by a Perfon of better Learning than Mr. 
Stowe, and is in fome thitigs freferable to it. I have withal 
taken notice of the moft material Variations in Mr. Stowe'x 
Tranfcript from the Original, and have inferted them with 
the other Variations {taken from Mr. Burton) at the Botom 
of the Page. 

In the Tfefate u to the Firfi Volume I had occafon to quote 
a Letter of mine concerning fome Antiquities between Wind- 
SOR and Oxford that was printed in the Monthly Mif- 
cellany,^ Memoirs for the Curious, ArNovemb. mdccviii. 
J have been fince imfortuf^d by fome learned Gentlemen, for 
whom I have a great Honour and Veneration^ to reprint that 
Letter^ I have therefore compWd with this Motion^ and fub- 
joyn^d it at the End of this Volume ; but the Additions and 
Alterations are fo many and fo confiderable that *twill in a 



uPag.Xn. 

a % mmtr 



•■;■> 



IV THE P RE F A C E. 

mammer appear wholly new. In the fwmtr TmpreJJifm I had 
ciferv'd that Cherrenhul, that is mentsou'd in an Hiftorical 
Fragment frefer0*d a by Leland, va& fomewhcre about Fox- 
comb-Hill near Oxford, and I am nov fo far from think' 
int otherwife that I have in this fecond Edition fixd fiit at 
. Cnilfwell Farm. Tho^ I had this Farm in my view when I 
firft writ this Letter, yet I did not venture to put it down 
^till I had better confder^d the Circumftances of the Place, 
which I find coTSventent enough for fo great a Battle. And 
^tis no jtnall fatisfaEtton to me that among other Perfons of 
Figure and Diftindtion that agree with me in this Opinion I have 
the Concurrence of a Worthy Phyfitian the ingenious Dr. 
John Thorpe late of JJnivcrfity -Col/ere^ who as he bath 
in other refpeSs been a Promoter of this Undertaking, fo he 
was fleasd to write to me a very kind Letter, comerning his 
Sentiments of the Place mentioned in this Fragment. 

In a Note at the End of Mr. Leland's Naeniae upon the 
Death of Sir Thomas Wyat (printed at the Beginning of the 
II<*. ybf.) I obfervd that our Bodlejan Copy of thofe Naeniae 
belong d formerly to one Vallans, whom Iguejs^d to be a Man of 
Learning. His Name was W. Vallansy,<wr</ Ipncefind this Con- 
jefture confirmed by afmallBook written by him in blank Verfe, 
in which he gives an Account of fever al Places in Hartford-fliire. 
He was a Native of that County, was a modeft Man^ weU 
versed in Records, an Admirer of Mr. Leland, and (I think) 
travell d into fever al Countries ifter he had pubVtfb^d this Book^ 
which he had not prefum^d to put to the Prefe if he had not been 
drawn to it by the Perfwafjons of his Friencre. ^Twas printed 
at London (in three Sheets in Quarto) by Roger Ward fttr 
John Sheldrake, /» the Tear mdxc. but 'tis fo great a Rarity 
that I had fcarce fo much as heard of it 'till of late^ when 
'twas fent to me out of the well furn0)'d Study (/Thomas 
Raw LIN SON of the Middle-Temple JB/^;, who gave me 
leave {if I thought proper) to reprint it^ I fhall therefore 
here prefix it to this Volume. 

Bodice TAN Library 
Sept. 8t^. MDCCxi. 



« See in the Appendix to the IVth. Vol. of this Isin. p. 
iT(f. ^ See pag. \%6. y 'Tis probable he was the fame 
with W. V. who writ the Book call*d. The Honourable Prentice. 
Concerning which Book fee what I have faid in my Notes 
to the Hiftory of the Bacon at Dunmowe^ printed at the Be- 
ginning of the Illd. Vol, of this Wjs. p. V, 



A TALE 

TWO SWANNES. 

Wherein is comprehended the original 
and increafe of the RiverLee, 
Commonly called W a r e-R i v e r : 

Together with the Antiquitie of fandrie Places 
and Townes feated upon the fame. 

Fleafant to be read, and not altogether un- 
profitable to be underftopd* 

By W. V A L L A N S. 

Puhliih'd out of the Study of Th o m a s R a w l i n s on 
of the MiddU'TempU Efq;. 




Ox FOR p, Pkiote4 at the TbiMtr^ mdccxlif. 



VI 



T O T H E 

READER; 

THE reafons he manifold [good reader) that mooved 
me to fuhlijb thys frefent Tale. Firfiy that I might 
{in what I was ahle) iUuJirate^ or make Better known 
to the world^ my countrte or flace of byrth ; to whkh 
{as Cicero faith) each man doth ow the third fart of his 
life^ and for which ther is no good man, hut wil jeopard his 
iife, adventure his fafetie, and haz»ard the deareji things hee 
dooth pojfejfe. Neither yet was there ever any man fo hruti/h^ 
tut rejoyceth to hear his countrie commended^ and is delighted 
when he heareth the fame wet ffoken off and fraifed. Such is 
the i0e&ion that every man heareth to it, that Ovid, exfrejjmg 
the lame, faid, he could not tel howe it came to p^e, nor whence 
it Jhould proceede. His words he thefe : 

Ncfcio qua natale folum dulcediae cunftos 
Ducit, &c. 
Hence it came to pajfe that antiquity gave divine honor to fuch 
as had deferved wel of their countrie : either in peace, hy invent^ 
ing fomething to the profit or wealth thereof: or in war, hy ad^ 
ventring their hodies in defence thereof 

Another reafon was, that albeit neither my writing, nor other 
ifidevour whatfoever, he able to perfourm any thing that might 
either heautifie or adorne the places I fpeake of: Tet hereby I 
would animate, or encourage thofe worthy Poets, who have 
written Epithalamion Thamefis, to puhlilh the fame. I have 
feen it in Latine verfe {in my judgment ) wel done, but the Author, 
I know not for what reafon, doth fupprejfe it. That which is 
written in Enclilh, though long fince it was promifed, yet is it 
not perfiurmea. So as it feemeth, fome unhappy Star envieth the 
fight of fb good a work : which once fet abroad fuch trifles as 
thefe would vanifby and he overfhadowed, much like the Moon 
and other Starr es, which after the appearing of the Sunne are 
not to be feen at all. 

Thirdly, being fully refolved to leave my country, I held heti 
lefore my departure Cigneum aliquid canere : not unlike the 
Syoans, who before their death do fing, as Virgil, Ovid, Horace, 
Martial with all the Poets do confiantly afjfrme. The Pbilofophers 
fay it is becaufe of the fpirit, which, labouring to pap thorow 
the long and fmatl pajfage of hsr necke, makes a noife as if fhe 
did Rng. Pythagoras didthinke their foules were immortal, and 
faith ^ bow before their de^th, they rejoice and fing as going to 

a tetter 



To the Reader. VII 

a httcr Life. Tie maner of their fmging M, Thomas WatfoQ 
$n his Odes ex^rejftth thus : 

Qualis ubi longo moerore Cayjlrius ales 
• Confedus fenio gravi, &c. 

Which vsrfes A. F. hath englijhed on this wife : 

Like to the filver Swan, who feeing death to be comming, 
Wandreth alonefor awhile through ftreamsoflovelyGyy/^j 
Then to the flowring bankes all faint at laft he repairth. 
Singing there, fweetbird, his dieng fong to Giy/^ : 
Geving there, fweetbird, his laft farewell to Oyy7^; 
Yeeldingup, fweetbird, his breath and fong to Cf)f/?^r. 

The laft^ and not the leafi motive was my friendes requefi^ 
whofe importunate demaund^ without hreach of amitie^ I could 
not gainfay: to whom^ as alfo to thy favourable confiruSion 
{curteous and friendly reader) I commit the fame. 

John Tu r n e r of the worie. 

TO tell a Tale, and tell the trueth withall. 
To write of waters, and with them of land. 
To tell of Rivers, where they rife and fall. 
To tell where Cities, Townes, and Caftles ftand. 

To tell their names both old and newe, 
. With other things that be moft true. 

Argues a Tale that tendeth to fome good. 
Argues a Tale that hath in it fome reafon. 
Argues a Tale, if it be underftood. 
As looke the like, and you (liall find it gealbn. 

If when you reade, you find it fo. 

Commend the worke and let it goe. 



y.T. 



vm 



A Tale of 

TWO SWANNES. 

WHEN nature, nurfe of ev'ry living thing. 
Had clad her charge in brave and new aray; 
The hils rejoyft to fee themfelvcs fo fine: 
The fields and woods grew proud therof alfb; 
The medowes with their partie-colOur'd coates^ 
Like to the Rainebow in the azur'd skie. 
Gave juft occafion to the cheerftill birdes. 
With fweeteft note, to fing their nurfc's praifc. 
Among the which, the merrie Nightingale 
With iwete and fwete (her breft again a thorne) 
Ringes out all night the never ceafing laudes 
Of God, the author of her nurfe and all* 

About this time the Lady Venus viewd 
The fruitfull fieldes of pleafant Hartfor4ibire : 
And faw the river, ana the meades thereof 
Fit for to breede her birdes of greateft prife. 
She calles in hafte for winged Mereurie^ 
And fendes him to Cayfier^ filver ftreame. 
Fetch me (faith flie) two Cignets of the beft. 
And in the Laund, hard by tne parke of Wkre^ 
Where Fanfiawe buildes for his mcceeding race. 
Thy fpcedie comminjg I will there await. 
The meflenger of all the hcav'nlv court 
Makes hafte away to doo his miftrefle queft : 
And from the brood two Cignets of efteeme 
He fieely takes, unfeene of any Swannes, 
Which in that river be fo plentifiill. 

To IVare he comes, and to the Launde he flies. 
Where Venus ^ like the Goddeffe of great Love, 
Sate lovely by the running river fide. 
Tuning her Lute unto the waters fall. 
Wherewith flie did record the love and armes 
Of mightie Mars^ the God of dreadfull warre. 

The prefent come, Ihe layeth downe her Lute,' 
And takes thefe Cignets of fo great efteeme. 
Throwing them bom into her river Lee : 

And 



A Tale of two Swannes. IX 

And pofted ftraight up to the throne of Jove^ 

Where lovely, like to verie love it felfe, 

Shee fet her lelfe upon her yeelding knee. 

And craves of him but onely this requeft. 

That her two Swannes miffht profper in the ftreame. 

And rule the reft, is worthie King and Queene. 

The mightie Jove^ unwilling to denie 
His daughter's lute, for feare of further ill, 
Graunts her requeft ; and more to pleafure her, 
Saith, that thefe two fo fruitfuU fliall become. 
That all the Swannes, yea, the verie Thames 
Shall be repleniflit with their princely race. 
Venus yeeldes thankes, and haftes her felfe away 
To mount Trodya^ where flie tooke her reft. 

Long liv'd thefe Swannes in Lee^ with great increafe 
Of honour, royaltie^ and in high 'ftate : 
Inricht with mue ot the fayreft breede. 
That lives in Seveme^ Humber or in Trent ^ 
The chiefeft floudes that water EmUJh ground. 
Three times had Venus usM them for to draw 
Her Ivory Chariot through the loftie ayre. 
A fpeciall favour (as the Poets fay) 
Graunted to fuch, as Ihe holdes in accompt. 

Now as thefe Swannes began to waxen old. 
As time outweares eche creature that doth live : 
It pleafed them to fend throughout their reaime. 
For all their fubjedtes of the higheft bloud ; 
With full intent to make a progreffe clcane 
Throughout their land to fee the boundes theriOf, 
And ev'ry brooke that harbours anie Swanne, 
With all the Iftes that unto them belong. 
No iboner was this meffage knowne abroad, 
But there refdrted to their being place 
Such troupes of milke-white Swannes, as well befeemM 
The royall ftate of two fuch princes great. 
Among which troupes the King and Queene made choife 
Of fortie Swannes of high and royallbloud. 
For to attend upon their Majefties. 
Then looke how CyntUa with her filver rayes 
Exceedes the brightnefle of the lefler ftarres. 
When in her chiefeft pompe fhe hafteth downe 
To fteale a kifle from droufie EmfymioM: 
*So doe thefe princes farre excell m ftate 
The Swannes that breede within Eurofds boundes. . 

And in this pompe they hie them to the bead. 
Whence JLfr doth fpring, not farre from Kemftom towae^ 
Vol. 5. b iLSld 



X -rf Tale df two Swannts. 

And fwiftly comming downe through Bropke-haU parke. 
Leaves U^etharnfied^ (o called of the corne. 
By BiJhofi'Hatpeld then they come along. 
Seated not farre from anticnt f^eroUne : 
His Cicie, that firft fpent his bleffed life. 
In juft maintaining ot our Chriftian faith, 
f The firft n When they had paft Hartmgfordlmry towne, 
< armc oi > A quite contrarie courfe they doe finde out : 
viflcreafe.-' And though it Were fomc labour gainft the ftreame 
To trace this River, feeding chriltall Lee j 
Yet worthily they holde their firft refolve. 
And up by Tewing y wide of Butlers houfe. 
To D'igfwsU hafte, where Horjley dwelt of late : 
And then to Welwine^ paffing well beknowne. 
And noted for a worthie ftratagem: 
I meane the Danes^ who on S» Bryces night 
Were ftouo;htly murdred by their women foes. 
To Whitwell Ihort, whereof doth burbling rile 
The fpring, that makes this little river runne. 

Thence backe againe unto the chiefeft towne 
Of all the (hire, and greateft of accompt. 
Defended with a Caftle of feme ftrength, 
Well walled, dyched, and amended late. 
By her, the onely mirror of the world. 
Our gracious Queene and Prince Elizabeth. 

Not far from hence ftands many a milke-white Swanne, 
Attending for to entertaine their Prince : 
Among tne which was one of chiefe accompt 
Tha^ busked up his winges in greateft pride. 
And fo falutes this wortnie companie : 
And with a fpeeche that well did him befeeme. 
He tels '^how that nccre Walkhorne^ Cafel's feate, 
f^^r 7 '' The Bene doth rife, and gives his proper name 
•> colttd. r"*^^ B*wjigf^», and Ho to Watton runnes : 
^ • ^ c« And then by Staplefrordj to Beneghoo heere, 

*' Where wCp with all the Swannes and Cigncts both, 
** That live m Bene^ doc reft at your command. 
Right gracioufly the Princes tooke his fpeeche. 
And fo departed towardes Edmardes IFare* 
But. ere they come unto the Meade or Laund^ 
Where Fewis firft did put them in eftate, 
- They paffed up a river of good depth. 
J Jjj5 \ The greateft branch that feedeth cnriftall Lee, 
Xihixd.i -y^^i^jj fpeedie pace (as Swannes doe ufe to fwimme) 
They paffe to Wadefmill^ and to Ttmndrich Church, 
And fo to Shmd0t^ honoured with the houfe 

Of 



A Tale of two Swannes. . XI 

Of vrorthie Sadler Knight, and Counfeller 
To all the Children of King Henry feventh : 
Whofe fonne furviving holdes the verie path. 
That leades to vertue and to honours throne. 
By PuckhriJge likewife they do fwiftly pafle : 
And fo to Horne^meade more and lefl'e, and then 
To IVtthihall^ to Buckland and to Barckway both, 
Where is the head and verie utmoft bound 
Of this furpaffiag cleere and goodly ftreame. 

Returning backe againe, the companie 
Were marfhalled and fet in order brave. 
And this was done leaft that undecently 
They fliould paffc by the guefted rowne of War:. 
Thus ordered, they come by Byrches houle, 
That whilom was the Brothers Friers place : 
Then by the Crowne, and all the Innes of Ware ; 
And fo approching to the late built bridge, 
They fee the barges lading malt apace • 
And people wondering at fo great a troope : 
Among tne which, a man whofe filver heares 
Seem'd to excell the whitenefle of the reft, 
Befpake them thus: 

" Long have I hvM, and by this bridge was bprne, 
*^ Yet never faw I fuch a companie : 
'* So well befeene, fo ordered, and fo faire. 
** Nay (as I thinke) the age that is by paft, 
*^ Nor yet the fame that after fhall infue 
" Never beheld, nor lookt upon the like. 

The people liftened to this aged man, 
As one they lov'd, and held in reverence. 
And as they ftoode, behold a fodaine chance: f AnVdct^ 

From South-fide of the bridge, hard bv the fame, \ <>' "il- y 
Two goodly Swannes with Cignets fiill fifteene 
Prefent themfelvcs and theirs unto the Prince : 
Excufing well their flackeneffc and oflFence 
In not appearing at their firft command. 
The Qu^ene beholding fuch a goodly broode. 
Received them all, and pardoned everie mifTe : 
Demanding where they us'd, and all their ftate. 
After a becke in figne of humble thankes. 
The Cocke made anfwere with a modeft grace. 

" A place there is, not farre from hence (O King) 
" A chalkie hilL beneath the fame a hole, 
**CalM Chadwell hczd^ whence- ifliies out a ftreame, 
*• That runnes behind broad Meade that ycu fee beere : 
*' A little rill, yet great inougb for us, 

h% "And 



XII A Tale of two Siomtnes. 

** And thefe our brccdc. yet (gratious Prince) behold 

** A talc there is delivered unto us 

*' From hand to hand, how that a haunted ducke, 

** Diving: within this Chalk-well head or hole, 

** Was forced underneath the hollow ground 

** To fvvimme along by waies that be unknowne : 

** And afterward at Amwell fprlng (they fay) 

•'Was taken up all fetherleffe and bare. 

The King and Lordes tooke pleasure at the tale. 
And fo made hafte quite through the arched bridge 
' If*k \ ^^ Amwell^ when they eafilie did 'fpie 
X """J The fpring and rill that comes out of the hill. 
And is fnppos'd to rife at ChaJwell head. 

Beneath the fame comes downe a little ftreilme 
. That fofters Swannes, and comes from Haddam finall: 

filuh \ ^^^ ^° ^y Haddam^ where the Bifliops houfe 
^ T Hath bene of long, and fo to IVydford towne: 
And here at AmwsU falles into the Lee. 

Then troupes this traine to Stanfied^ call'd I> TbeU^ 
And Stanfied where as Bajbe did lately build, 
Whofe fonne yeeldes hope of vertue worth the place 
And livinges which his father purchaft him. 
' The fe* ^ And here againe out of the Kingly ftreame 
vench. f They paffe bv Roydon through little Eftwjke quite. 
Then they falute Hunfdon the nurferie 
And fofter houfe of thrife renowmed Swannes : 
Whofe honour, and whofe noble progenie 
Gives glorie to that honourable houfe. 
Lord, now they live all glorious as the funne. 
With types and titles fit for their degree. 
As kinimen to our moft redoubted C^eene, 
And men of high defert unto the ftate ! 

From hence to Sapsford^ and to Starford^ cald 
The Bifliops : then to Famam and to Maunden^ 
And fo to C-av^rin^^ where it rifeth firft. 
And then comes aowne aeaine into the Lee. 

From Stanfted unto Hodjaon goe thefe Swannes, 
From thence to Broxbome^ and to Wormley wood 
And fo falute the holy houfe of Nunnes, 
That late belon^'d to captaine Edward Dennhy 
A knight in Ireland of the beft accompt 
lySS. Who late made execution on our foes, 

I meane of Spanyardes^ that with open armes 
Attempted both againft our Queene and us : 
There now Lord Talhot keepes a noble houfe. 
Now fee thefe Swannes the new and worthie feate 



A Tale of tmo Sitannes. XIII 

Of famous Chilly treaforor of the land, ThebaU. 

Whofe wifedome, counfelL skill of Princes ftate 
The world admires^ then Swannes may doe the fame : 
The houfe it felfe aoth fhewe the owners wit. 
And may for bewtie, ftate, and every thing. 
Compared be with moft wichin the land. 

Downe all along through Wdltham ftreet they pafle. 
And wonder at the ruines of the Abbay, 
Late fuppreft, the walles, the walkes, the monumentes. 
And everie thing that there is to be feene. 
Among them all a rare devife they fee. 
But newly made, a waterworke :* the locke ^ 

Through which the boates of Ware doe pafle with malt^ 
This locke contained two double doores of wood, 
Within the fame a Cefterne all of Plancke, 
Which onely fils when boates come there to pafle 
By opening of thefe mightie dores with fleight. 
And ftrange devife, but now decayed fore. 
And as they ftayedfhere, they chaunft to fee 
The ftately croffe of £/»^, Henries wife. 
Then Enfield houfe, that longes unto our Queene, 
They all behold, and with due reverence 
Salute the fame. 

From hence by Hackney^ Lejton^ and old-Foord, 
They come to Stratford^ cal'd alfo the Bowe ; 
And underneath the bridge that -thwartes the ftreame 
And partes the fhircs of Mddlefex^ and EJfex both. 
At laft (though long and wearie was their way) 
They come unto the mouth of river Lee^ 
Where all the Swannes of that part of the Thames 
Attend to fee this royall companie ; 
So that from IVoolwUb to Blackwall was feene 
Nor water^ nor the medowes thereabout. 
For looke now in a froftie nijght or day. 
When Snowe hath fallen thicEe upon tne ground, 
Eche safing eye is dafel'd with the fight. 
So Linie-'vuiite was land and ftrand befeene 
With thefe faire Swannes, the birdes of lovely love. 

After a noyfe in figne of pafling^y, 
A Swanne oi Thames invites the Kmg and Queene 
Upon a day prefixt, to fee and celebrate 
The marriage of two Rivers of great name. 
Which granted, everie one departes his way. 
The King and Queene againe into their Lee: 
Where yet thev live in health and happie ftate. 
Or if not fo, uiey dyed but of late. 
FINIS. 



XIV 



i A 

COMMENTARIE 

O R 

EXPOSITION 

Of certain proper names ufed in this Tale. 



H 



Harrfofd. TT 'W Artford-Jhire : fo called of the town. King jflfrei 
was the firft that devided this Land into Shires^ 
Hundreds, and Tenthes, whereby hee reprefled the 
outrages and robberies which the Engls/b-mcn Tfol- 
lowing therein the Danes) committed one upon anotner. 
Hee appointed that every man fhould be in fome Hundred 
or Tentne, and if he were accufed of any offence, if he found 
not in his Hundred or Tenth a fuertie or pledge forhimfelf,he 
was grievouflypuni'fhed. Herebyhe brought to paflCjthat hang- 
ing golden bracelets by crof-waies, tnere was none durft 
ftealc or take them away. This Shire aboundeth in plenty 
of corne, pafture, medowes, water and woods : and hath in 
it iio.Pariflies. 
Lee. Lee^ called alfo Lygan^ Lygean and Luy. 

:ayfter. Cayfter. A river in Boetia^ where is fuppofed the taireft and 
largeft Swannes doo breede. 

influnre. Fanjhawe. One of the remembrancers of her Majefties court 
of Exchequer : an upright Jufticer, and one that especially ten- 
dereth the profit of IVitre^ whereof he hath purchafed the 
Lord/hip. 

(Tare. Ware. Builded in theyear of our Lord 914. by K. Edwsnd 

the fonne of Y^. Alfred. This towne fince the buildinjg thereof 
hath greatly increafed, and by procuring to themfelves the 
free paflage of their bridge greatly hindred the Shire- towne 
of Hartford. For in old time the bridge was chained and 
kept by the Bailiefe of Hartford^ but in the time of King 
Johnj. when the Barons warred one againft another, and a- 
gainft the King himfelfe, the townetoen, trufting to their 
Lord Wake^ brake the chaine, and have ever iince enjoyefl 

their 



A Tale of P»o Si»annes: XV 

their paflage, whereby it is greatly encreafed, and is Kkely 
ftill to doo^ afwell for that by meancs of the Lord Trcafurer 
the river is made paflfable for boates and barges, as alio 
through the diligence of theTownefmcn, who^ with helpe of 
M. Fafgjhaw€y have eredlcd a newe markettc houfe, with en- 
tent to procure certaine Fayres to be helde there yeereJy* 
The Bridge was reedified lately, and the arches made of ftonc 
at the charges, v/». 140. pcundes geven by her Majeftie. 
The reft by the Towne and Countrie. 

Thames^ the chiefeft river oi England. The name is derived Tliame*. 
of Tame and Ijis^ which rifing in Ghcefier-fitre^ runneth to 
the towne of Tame^ where joyning together, they make the 
Thames^ whereof read Leland^ or M. Hartfim in his defcri- 
ption of Britatne. 

Severm^ a river that arrifeth in Wales ^ palfeth by MounU Scverne. 
gw»frf, Shrevs^urie, Bry^enorth^ Bewaly^ Worcefier^ Glo- 
cejhr^ and Brifiell. It parteth Wales and nie Weft countrcy, 
and falleth into the fea betwyxt Mylford Haven and Fadftow. 
The courfe of this River as alfo the reft require a fpeciall 
treatifc. 

Hum^er^ or rather HuB^ falleth into the Sea at JR^i'wsf- Hombcr . 
fpMr^ and arifeth out of fundrie Rivers, whofe confluence 
make a mighty water. &c. 

Ihe^a is one of the moft excellent Rivers in England^ and, Trent; 
as M. Harifon faith, increafed with fo many Waters, as ic 
feemeth it may be compared with Seveme or Ovfe^ of which 
River whofoever is defirous to fee or read more may find the 
fame in M. Kanifoffs Tforkes, and therefore I omit to fpeake 
further of it. 

Cynthia^ the Moocie. Cymhia." 

Endymion^ a fbepheard, who (as the Poets faihe) was caft Endy. 
a (l^epe upon the hill Latmos an hundred yeares by the Moone, mioo. 
to the intent flie might injoy his love. 

' Verolane^ called by Aitt4mne Vmlansum ^ of TscHus Ve^^^^i^j^; 
rutanium^ of FtdevN Ferolanium. The Saxons called it 
Watling€hejler of the high-way ctWtdWatUmgjheett^ and Wer^^ 
Uncbefier <rf' the river Wetlam that ran by it. And yet it is cal- 
led Verulam^ albeit there be nothing left but the mines and 
rubbifh of the walles« It hath bene a citie in old time of great 
and efpeciall account, well walled, and defended with a great 
fifliing pond, which wel neer did compafle it. There is yet 
to be feene (as M. Camden faith) ancient coyne With this In- 
fcription, Tafc. VeruU which Douror P^wetfinterpretcdi to be 
IMmtum Vetuhnm. For IMq in Walfh fignifieth tribute, and 
Tafkla a tribute penie. Tisis citie was greatly diftreffed in 
the time of Kno the £aperour by t^e warrea which Buud^ 

mca 



XVI -^ Tale of two Swames. 

9ica the Qupene made agaiufi; the Romanf^ as may etfilf 
appeare to luch as be any thing at all converfant in reading 
the Rmfame biftorics : yet did it Hourifli againe, and continued 
in good eftate, and among other thiages famous for bring- 
ing for:h to the world Alhn the Prothomartyr, or firft mtr- 
• tyr of this land^ of whome M.Gerard Leigh m his accidence 
of armorie wry teth : ^^Alhon was knight of the Bath^ and Lord 
** ofFere/aMe^ nowe called Saint A/ioms : who in his youth, for 
** the honour of this realme,made a royall chalenge of luftes at 
*' Ramey and did there other Knightly difportes in Armour, 
** where hee had onelye the prife, and was made Knight by 
** Djocleftan then Emperour of Rome^ who had this Realme 
*• then in fubjedion. 

'* This Alhon was Prince of Knightes,and Soveraigne Stew- 
** ard of Brittaines : and after was converted to the faith of 
*'Chrift by Amfhjbalus that holy Knight, who went to Reme 
^^ with Bajfianus the Sonne of Severus in the companie of 
** i^oo. of the chiefe Lordes fonnes of Brittalne and Came* 
**»4fff. where Zephersnus then Bifiiop privily inftrudled him 
**in tne fayth of Chrift, which, at his rcturne, he taught to 
*' Alien in fuch fort^that openly profeffing the fame,th^ were 
*' in the time of theEmperourI>w/f/w» both martyred**. Wher- 
of y ou may reade iu GiUas and Bede. After this, the Citie was 
yet in good eftate, until the time of the Saxonsy when OSa 
and Eefa taking it for their refuge, were befieged by Viher 
FendragoHy who brake the walles and de&ced it. After this,by 
litle ai^ litle it languifhed, fo that it became a denne or har- 
bour of theeves and harlots, untill KingOj^f^, about the yeare 
of our Lord 79}. builded an Abbey in honor o(S.Alkon^ in 
a place called Homelhurfi. Hencefoorth the olde Citie de- 
caied, and S. Aliens flouridied. And Alfricke the feventh Ab- 
bot of the houfe bought the fifhing pond of the King : and 
for that the Fiftier-men dayly endomaged the religious people, 
it was with great coft drayned and made drie. There re- 
maineth at this day a ftreet in S. Aliens^ called Fijbpoole 
ftreet : and for that there hath bene found about the Citie, 
anchors, keles of boates, old nailes, and fuch trafh, fome 
have fuppofed the Thames to have runne that way, which er- 
rour grewe by corruption o(Gy/das*s booke, where he men- 
tioneth of S-Aliof^s death. But it is not fo. but hear what. 
ancient Recordes doo teftifie concerning the fame. 

In the time of King Edgar^ when Aegelred was Abbot, he 
caufed the mines diVerolane to be fearched, the vaultes to bee. 
uncovered,and the pavements to be digged up : where he found 
Pillers, peeces of antique worke,^ threfliolds, door-frames,piI- 
lers for windowes of fine mafonrie worke^ fome of Porphyrie^ 

fome 



A Tale of two SiMfmet. XVII 

fome Touch, fome Alabafter,all which were verie convenient 
for his purpofc. Befides hee found fockets of Lattyn, and of 
Brafle, with divers other thinges which he referved cowardes 
the foundation of a new Abbey, which he intended to build. 
But being prevented by death, Eimerus his fucceflbr digged 
againe, and found idols, altars richly covered, jugs and crufes 
with pots, fome of wooa,fome ftone,andfome gold, artificially 
wrought and carved. And proceeding farther,ne found pots of 

fold,Clver,and fome of braffe,fome with coy ne,and fome with 
ones and afhes of fuch as have bene burned or buried : all 
which were referved,and the mettels melted,and kept for this 
new Abbaie, which being at laft finilhed was indowed with 
great ftore of livinges and manifold privileges, and the new 
towne of S.Altons dayly more and more idcreafed, famous a 
well for the Abbay ,as alfo for two notable civill battailes fought 
there during the fadion betwixt the two great houfes of rorie 
and Lancajier. Thus much of Verolamey whereof more mighc 
be faid, which for brevitie fake I omit. 

Bijhops Hatfield or Hethfield. John Merten Bifhop of Ely Bijkt^s Hat- 
builded there a houfe which nowe belongeth to her Majeftie./*^©' 

Hunfdon^ as JLe /tf W reporteth, belonged once to the ^^huns^*^^ 
and Bemyers^ from them to the Hewards. Tho. duke ofNorth* wumdon. 
filk^ fufpeding that a tower of the houfe would fall by reafon 
of tne height, tooke downe a part thereof. And King Henrie 
the eight ma&ingan exchange with theDuke^newlyreedified 
the houfe ; fince whofe time it is honoured with the title of a 
Baronnie, which Henry Cory ^ Lord Chamberlaine of her Ma- 
jefties houfiiold, liefetenant of Narthfolie and Svffolke^ and 
Captaine of Barwike^ at this day enjoyeth. 

Hartford^ called by AHtomne and the Romans Durocotrrvas. Hartfefd. 
The Brlttaines or Weljbmen call red water Dur Cob^ and Briva 
as wel with them as alfo with the antient GaUs fig^ifieth over 
the water y as Briva Odera^ Briva ^j^^f, which fignifie paA 
fages over rivers of the fame name. The Saxons called ic 
Herudford^ as in one booke remaining with yobn Stove (a di- 
ligent fearcher and preferver of Antiquities fit is written Heo^ 
riftford, Bede in the fourth booke of his Ecclefiafticall hiftory 
mentioneth how Jheodorus Archbifhop of Canterbury held a 
Synod or Provinciail counfell at Herudford^ Aano 670. but 
now it is corruptly (as I thinke) called Hartford^-^hicYiLeUnd 
interpreteth Cervi vadunsy the fiord ofHartes. It hath bene 
in olde time of good account, as well by reafon of the Caftel 
as alfo of the Priory. The Caftel was builded firft by Edward 
fenior in the ninth yeare of his raigne, as Henry Huntington 
faith, whofe wordes be : Edvardus Anno 9. retnifui aonfiruxit 
Herefordium cafirum non immenfum fed fnlcberrtmnm tamen 

Vol. y €, inter 



hdtf Benefician, MimeraiXK & Ligean, fiymina mom fTofimJUt 
fed clioriffima tMmm. This Caftel hath iince beene increa/cd 
by the Clares ^ and then by the Dukes oSLsiucafier. For R^ger de 
ClMfi in Umn the fecond his time was created Erie of HMri^ 
fvrd. And Kohert FitzmMiter that came of the fame houfe in 
"hing SsiveMs time did boldly affirme that the keeping of the 
Caftel did of right belong unto him. HeMry the third gave the 
Cdlel with the honour belonging to it to WtBlMm Vkleme 
Erie of Fenhoke^ Atmo 1147. After it fell to the Dukes of 
ijMcafier^who uied to lodge at it verie often. In the yemre of 
our Lord 1 3^7. the Queene of Scottet^ (ifter to King Edmmd 
the third^departed tmslife, lying at lUrtfofd with her fifter in 
law the Queene of EmglMd^ and in the year 1 458. for a fray 
made in Jmf^^ifrrfl in Ltmdon^ the King ient the prindpals of 
CUfffd^ FumtvaBj and Bsnuirdis In, as Prifonera to JSCtrf- 
fird CaAel. King HeMiy the fixt ufed often to keepe his Ctrif'- 
mas there: and. to conclude. King Edward the fixt wu nurled 
and (chooled there. 

The Priorie was builded by RMifi Lord Ljmifejj who came 
into EMgUmd with WilUam the Cmtfuenwr^ and was (ts the 
Monkes reported) his fitters fonne. 

The townefmen of late have procured to themfelves a new 
corporation, and have on the Saterdnj^ a good market and eve- 
ry yeare three fitires. In Edmard the 3. time, as I have (eene 
in an olde record, they had two markets in the weeke and but 
two fayres. 

In the time of Hinvnr the eight^o^/s* i f 07. there was aPftper- 
Mill at Harffrrd^ ana belonged to ^Ffihs Tate^ whofe father 
was Mayor of LomJom* 
Wakhim. Wmltkim^ a market towne. The Abbay was builded bjr 
Kin^Hfr0/</, who fhortly after he had built it was flaine by 
Wilbam the Canfueror. His mother with great and eameft fiite 
obtained his body, and intoumbed the Tame in the Abbay. 
2iQ^g JS/mt/ Cr§jfe^ conunonly called Wklthim Cffft* K. Hnny 

Crofle. the firft fet it up in memory of his wife (who died in Um^h^ 
Jbiri ;) and wherefbe ver her body was caried, there he ereAed 
a Croflb with the armes of Ettglsmd^ Cmfiih and FoMttjfs^gevea 
on the fiune, of which the Crofle inCMP^, and Cbarmg Crofle 
be two of the £iy reft. 



Tq 



XIX 



To his Beloved Father 

JOHN VALLANS, 

W. V. wifheth the grace of God with 
Health and Frofperitie. 

THE dutie (deare Father) I owe unto yon, the re- 
gard of my promife, together with the remembrance 
of your reafonable requeft, doo not a lide moove 
me to write a few words concerning the matter 
whereof, at my being with you laft, wee with certaine of 
our friendea talked. And I am well adiired that you remem-^ 
ber what a ftyr N. B. kept, when I faid that ihips had bene 
at H&ff, afl^rming, how it was unpoffible that that river, 
which but of late was fcarce able to bear a fmal whyrrie, fliold 
in times paft beare big and mighty Ihips. Truly his wordes 
were many and great Jbut his reaipns were fmal. And Gnce that 
at that time Ipromiied to fend you in a letter a plaine and 
evident prooflFe of thofe words which there I uttered, I doubt 
not but m thefe few lines ftilly to fatisfie, not only your re- 
queft, but alfo your mind, ana conBrme you in that opinion 
whicn fewe men funleffe fuch as be altogether ignorant of 
the matter and of the place) wil denie. And firft f will fliew 
you the caufe for whicn the flups went thither, and what they 
did there. Then will I plainly proove both by authoritie and 
examples, that it is likely that they were there. Laftly, I wfl 
(as my promife was) ihe w you about what time and by whome 
Wkre was builded. 

T!bM Sbtps tave teen at Ware. 

THE Danes ^ who (as ToUJkr Virgil faith) dwelled in olde 
time beyond ij^#r,but now be they inhabitants of theCir«fw 
mane Ocean or Denmark^ perceiving how that their Conntry 
was overmuch preffed with the great multitude of people that 
inhabited the fame, determined to fubdue the land, to drive 
out the JSn^/^men, and to plant themfelves and their pofte* 
lity for ever in the fame. For perfburming and accompliihing 
whereof they armed great ftore of chofen fouldiers, who a^. 
bout the yeare %%%• in ^4. fli^s entered the river of Ibames^ 

c 1 landed 



XX That Ships have iene st Ware. 

landed bv great force, fpoiled, fired, and wafted the Countrf 
fo for, that Egterty who then was King of the more pare a 
England^ was faine with an hoaft of men to (uccour and re- 
lieve his diftrcfled fubjedcs. Bur fuch was the will of God 
for the punifhment of finne that then was rift, that the Kinge 
joining battaile with the Danes^ was by them difcomficed toa 
put to flight. After this battaile the Ihmes were (b encour- 
aged, that xhey came out of their Countrie like fwarmet of 
Bees; fo that if in one weeke there were five thoufand of 
them flaine, yet in the weeke following there would come 
eight thoufand more to fupply their roomes. They were of- 
tentime difcomfited, and tne greater part of them driven 
backe by divers valiant Kingcs and Princes. But yet by rca- 
fbn of their often arrival!, their force was ftill incrc'a(cd and 
maintained. One while they arrived in one place, and then 
in an other, fpoiling, burning, and killing all tne]^ could come 
by. It were too long to tell, and verie grievous it is to thinke 
how religion was decaied, learning forgotten^ all partes and 
quarters of the Realme wafted and ipoilecf;' how cities. 
townes, churches, abbaies and religious houfes were confiimed 
with fire and flame; how miferablie the Commons were af- 
flifted, how pitifully men, women and children, and all (brtes 
of people went to wracke ; how wonderfully thelCinges them- 
felves were amafed, the comming of their enemies being both 
fuddaine and violent ; how cruelly fire and fword, fssimine and 
death raged thorow out the laud, heaven and earth intending 
as it were the fatall deftrudion and utter decay of the realme. 
This miferie continued the fpace of 300. and odde yeares, 
within which yeares, namely about the yeare of our Lord 917. 
thei3<l. yeare of King^A9'f^xraigne. a great armie o( Dimes ^ 
having received anovertiirow at a place called Bisr//ia^0sibe- 
fide Seveme^ fled into Eaft England^ and there wintered, and 
prepared a great hoaft againe out of Korthumterlani and 
other places, leaving there their wives and children, together 
with tneir money, ihips and munition, in Eaft Ej/gUma^ and 
with great fpeed got to the Citie of Leagecejier (wmch at that 
time was defolate, the inhabitantes having for fear of the 
Dames forfaken it) or ever King j^/fred 2nd Etbered the under 
King with their armies could overtake them. And yet fuch 
was the celeritie that King^^f^ufed in this purfiiit, that or 
ever his enemies wonne the citie, he with his companie 
tooke a great deale of their carriage with all the booties of 
cattaile and other thinges that they in their journey by rob- 
bing and fpoyling had obtained and driven away. Hee alio 
befieged the citie two or three daies, but perceivmg it woulde 
imally av^iile, he was faiuQ (a grievous thing to heare) to bum 



Tlfat Siifs have teme at Ware. XXI 

up the greateft part of the corne that grewe there aboutes,and 
beftow the reft amongft his horfes, leaft his enemies flioulde 
have the fruit andcommoditie thereof. The Danes ^trctiving 
that, and feeing there was nothing left whereof they might 
live mthofe partes, departed from thence, and in great hafte 
got them to North Wales ^ where they fpoyled and harried the 
countriefarre and neerej,driving away great booties of Cattel, 
and carrieng with them rich fpoUes.From hence theydeparted, 
and becaufe for feare of the Mercians they durft not traveile 
that way. they coafted along the countrie till thev came to 
Northumierland^ and fo through Middle England^ talcing their 
fliips, their wives and children out of Eaft England with them, 
they arrived at a little Ifland fcituate in the Sea, in the eaft 
part oiEffex^c^WtAMirfeyge. From thence they departed and 
came into the river of *Aam9S\ and feeing that Winter was 
now at hand, they drew or rowed their fluppes up the river 
Lygean. And twentie miles from htrndon they began to buylde 
a Fort, which being finilhed, thev taried there all that wy nter, 
fpoyling, robbing and burning tnofe quarters without mercy. 
When Winter was paft, a great part of the Citizens of Lon^ 
don^ with thofe that inhabited neere thereaboutes, traveiled 
thether, and by force minded to breake downe the Fort or Mu- 
nition which tney had there buylded. But the Danes ftoutlye 
refitted them, and not far from the place gave them a iharpe 
battaile, where the Ckriftians were put to flight, and foure of 
YAng Alfreds men were ilaine. 

Thus the Pagane or Heathen Danes remained Lordes or 
Maiftersofthofequarters^compellingtbehusbandmentoeare 
and till the ground, meaning themfelves to reape the commo* 
ditie of it. But the good Kingjiffred^ who alwaies was care- 
full for thewelfarcof hisfubjedes, gathered an armie^and be- 
fore harveft time pitched his tents neer to the place of their a- 
bode. By whofe comming the enemies were fo affraid, that 
they durft not once peepe out of their hold to fetch either cat- 
tell or come out ofthe fields by force. In this fpace, it hap- 
Eened on a time, as the King rode alongft by the river fide, 
c viewed the water, and perceived how that in fome places 
of it the chanell might eafily be ftopped, and the ftreame 
made Icffe. Whereupon he (as Huntington writeth) caufed it 
to be cut into three feverall braunches or armes. But howfo- 
ever it was, hee (b weakened the ftreame, that the Danes 
could not bring back their fhips the fame way they came. 
Which thing the Panet perceiving, and knowing well it was 
in vaine for them to abide any longer there, they left their 
Ships, and fled by land as fkft as they could to ^^tbrid^e^ 
ienoiagthcir wires tnid children againeinto Eaft Et%land. Af^^ 

ter 



XXII Tisi stiff bsvihMiMt Ware; 

ter this the King departed, tndthelAnd^mers and Countrimea 
feeing the Danes were eone, burft downe their Holde, and 
got fome of their {hips backe againe to L§Mim^ and the reft 
tncy burned and brake all to peeces. 

But here peradventure you will aske me, how I flionlde 
come by the knowledge of tnefethinses, beeingdonefomanf 
hundred yeares agoe ? To this I aniwer, that in things chat 
were done long before any man that is now living can remem* 
her, we muft credit that our Fathers l\ave committed to writ- 
ing concerning the fame. And in my opinion the neerer the 
reporter liveth to thofe times in which the thinges he fpeak- 
ctn or writeth of were done, the more creditc is to bee gevcn 
to him. 

And as concerning this matter, it is confirmed by the re- 
porte of a verie auncienr, reverent and learned Wrytcr. 
namely Afferns Menevenft^ Bilhop of Saint Davies^ that Jivea 
in the verie felfe fame time when thefe thinges were done, 
znd Maijamus Scotus^ who lived and wrote a Chronicle at leaft 
500. yeares ago, as Fldrentius a Monk of Worcefier^ iriio 
continued it, doch witnelTe and declare. Beiides divers o- 
thers of great antiquitie and credite, as Heftry of HtrnthgUm^ 
Matbew ofWeJhnmfier^ and manie moe, who aoe all connnne 
that which is before declared. Befides there remayneth yet 
the mines oF an old Caftel or Fort betweene Hartfrrd Caftel 
and the Mill, which I doe undoubtedly beleeve was the ve- 
rie felfe fame Fort that the D^w^xbuildcd. 

Moreover, O. Cr9jfe did credibly enforme me that at the 
building of Stsmfied bridge^ there were found within the river 
peeces of broken {hips or craers, nayles and other thinges 
which feemed to belong to Come great {hips or ve{Iels. All 
which thinges confidered, together with tne parting of the 
ibeame before remembred, me thinkes Ihould be fumcient to 
confirme your minde, and caufe you to beleeve that there 
have bene {hips at Ifitre and Hartford. 

Hereunto it may bee added that it was a common ufe of the 
Dames to row or drawe up their {hips into fome fmalle creeke 
or river where that they might ride all winter with leaft dan- 
ger. And time worketh fome alteration both by water and by 
and, that where great rivers did fometimes run, now it is ut- 
terlie drie, and in {lead of maine waters we have goodly and 
flori{hing meades. And in like fort where goodly cities and 
caftels fometimes did {land there now groweth come. For 
examples of this we need not feeke far, flnce that in Ldndw 
not above 277. yeeres ago, namely in the yeere of our Lord 
I ?oo. when Hemrj Walejs was Mayor of the citie there ran a 
river through Wklhrook with two foidges over it, whereof f^/- 

liam 



f. 



Tiat Ship have tens at Ware. XXIII 

I}am Jordan and John deBever were maifters and govemours. 
What is become of the river IFere that ran by S. Alhns^ of 
which the great city that in old time ftood there took the 
name and was called Werlamchefier^ whereof Leland in his 
commentaries maketh mention.? Concerning cities the dili- 
gent reader of Chronicles Ihall meet with the names of many, 
of which there is at this day no rubbifli nor ruin to be f^en, as 
o( Andres Cheftery that ftood in Suffix on the edge of the jgreac 
wood c^aitd Anareds weale^ of Uhancefter^ that ftood in tho 
river Fanta in Effex ^ and ot infinite moe, of which, as 1 fayd, 
there is left no token, but as the Poet faith. Jam fifes eft uhi 
Trojafuit. Thus have you heard (deare father^ "both the doings 
of the Dames not only in England^ but alfo wnat they made lo 
thofe parts of the laiid whereof we talked,and where you dwel. 
There remaineth now to write unto you, as I promifed, how 
long it is fince l^are was built, and in what Kmges dales the 
fame was done, of which I minde to fay no more then that 
which hath bene alreadie written by fuch as have in their Hi- 
ftories and Chronicles made mention of fuch townes as were 
builded by King Edward thereaboutes. And heerein I cannot 
but much mifliEe of their opinion that afErme that the towne 
of Hartford was builded by King Edmard the firft before the 
Conqueft ; feeing that by the very wordes of HuntiMttan it 
appeareth that it was but the Caftel that he builded. for we 
read in Beda his biftory of a counfel of Biihops that was held 
at UartfardloQg before Edmardes time. This Caftel I meane of 
Hartford was builded in the year of our Lord 911. bv Edward 
the fonne of King Alfred^ and two yeares after he tmilded a 
towne on the North Ede of Lee^ which is the {ame that I doe 
take 'to be Ware^ and was in band when Witbam in Effex was 
alfo begun, namely 66%. yeares fince. Thus much (father)for 
this time I thougm good to write unto you .concerning this 
matter, nothing doubting but that bereaner^ when all thu^es 
be finitbed, that by meanes of the Lord Ireafurer, msifter 
Fasflba»ey and other worfhipfull men be in hand for the a<- 
mendment and fcowringoftnat river, you andlbothlhall fee^ 
though not Ihippes, yet good big boates and veflels paile too 
and &o betwixt Lanian and Ware^ to the commoditie and pro«> 
fite of the wh9le countrey , whicn God graunt. 



Your obedient fotme W» VsBsm. 
FINIS. 



XXIV 




NOTES. 

EAG. V. A Tale &c.] Tho' I have menrion'd only 
Hartfard'/hire in my general Title Page, and in xny Pre* 
, yet this Trad takes in fomc other Places (in Effix and 
MdJlefex) feated upon the River Lee. P, VI. !• ) jr. ^ '^A 
Oo^/W, Horace^ JkUrtial Sec.'] So I have correded ic. Before 
it was, ^ Ov/V, ^^//, MartliJ^ Horace Jkc. Ibid.l. 37.^^mr^ 
wbich^ Af*wr/»^] I have ;" ••'•••*• 
being before wanting, 
plane in Codice quo ufus 
and 4f ff.] Nonnulli forfan commate poft bn diftmguendum 
efTe cenfuerint. Ibid. 1. 1±. fleafant] I have added this word. 
Ibid. 1. 19. faith Jhe'] Sol have correded it. Before 'twas,. 
fiitb he. P. IX. 1. 14. lyoc/ya] Non aliter in Cod noftro. 
P. X. 1. 5. that firft ffent his &c.J So I have correded it. 
Before it was, that firft did fpena his &c. P. XI. 1. 7. 2> 
WithihalL to Buckland dec] Malim, Th Withiall, Buckland 
&c. Ibid. 1. 20. heares^ W eft, haires. And fo tis written 
with a Pen by Mr. Rawlinson in the Margin of his 
Copy. Ibid. 1. 54. Trejent'] Antea, frefemts. P. XII. I. 4. 
Cbalk-wett'] It Inould be rather Chadwett^ as he writes it a 
little before and a little after. Or if Chalk-well be retain'd, 
then it fhould be fo correded in the other two Places. Ibid. 
1. 1 1, 'fpiel Antea, effie. Ibid. 1. 18. iTtto the Lee.1 So I have 
correded it. Before 'twas, into the river Lee. Ibid. 1. 19. 
Stanfted,rijffVLe Thele,] I believe it fliould be rather^ Stan, 
calTd Le Thele. It goes commonly by the Name of Stan* 
theele. Ibid. 1. 14. through little Lilwyke quite.'] Malim^ 
thorouth E&wyyx ytite. P. XIII. 1. 17. By opening of tbefeQcc^ 
So I nave correded it. Before *twas, Bf opening ame of 
ihefe Sec. Ibid. 1. 17. And partes the Jbires Gic.'] Redius 
forfan. And parteth Middlefex and Effex totb. P. XV. 1. 8. 
at the charges^ &c.] Malim^ at great charges^ whereof 140. 
poundes was ge*ven by her Majeftie^ the refijtj the Thwne itd 
Countrie. Ibid. 1. 11. of Tame and Ifis,] Tnis is the com- 
mon opinion, but it has been rejeded by others, and parti- 
cularlv by my late learned Friend Mr. Edward Lhvyd. 
Ibid. 1. 13. Leland] In his cygnea cantio^ which I defign to 
reprint hereafter. Ibid. 1. 42. ancient coyne] F. an ancient 
coyne. This coyne I have had ingrav^d in the Title Page of 
this Trad of VaUans. P.XVI. 1. 6. in his accidena of armo^ 



NOTES. XXV 

tie] See foL 28. a. of the firft Ed. that came out at London 
in 4«o. 1568. imprynted in Fleteftretc within Temple Barre 
at the figne of the hand and fiarre by Rychard Tottel. Ibid 
Lay. Eofa\ Sic refcripfi. Aatea, Oefa. Vide Galfrldum Mc^ 
numethenfemy p.<^J. Heidelh. mdlxxxvii. fol. P. XVII. I.21. 
as Leland reporteth] in his Commentaries upon the Cygnea 
CantiOy voc. HvNDE$DENA. Ibid. 1. penult. Edvardus 
anno 9. &c.] Verba ifta Henrki Huntingdonenfis e Codice ve- 
teri, calamo exarato^ penes yoannemStovcum^ aliumve quern- 
piamantiquarium,m tailor, defcripfit audtor. Nondumprodi- 
erat rerunt AngHcarum fcriptcrum pott Bedam cditio Savi^ 
liana. Hxc lucem adfpexit Franccfkrtiy typis Wechelianis 
excufa, anno mdci. ubi tamen locus hicce Huntingdonenfis 
(qui pag. 35^. 1. 7. occurrit) hunc in modum concipitur : 
Edwardus rex anno 9. regw conjiruxit Herefordiam cajirum 
non immenfum fed fulcherrimum inter Beneficiam, & Mineram, 
C&* Luye flumina non profunda fed clar'iffima. P, XIX. 1. ii. 
jind prft Ivilljhew jou &ic.'] So I have correfted this Place. 
Before it was read thus : Atd for fo much as the caufe for 
jphich the JhiPs went thither^ and what they did there^ then 
will I &c. p. XXI. 1. 99. as Huntington faith^ Pag. 351. 
1. 39. apud fcriptores pott Bedam ab illuttriflimo Savilio edi- 
tos. ]^. XXII. 1. 19. craers] Vide Skinner i Etymologicam 
JExpofitionem vocum antiquarum & obfoletarum, fub hac 
voce. Ibid. 1. 37, where that they might ridel Legend, vel, 
whereat they might ride^ vcl, omiiTo tbat^ where they might 
ride. P. XXIII. 1. 4. wherevf Leland in his commentaries 
maketh mention} So I think 'tis to be pointed with an Inter- 
rogation, and not, as in the firft Edition, with a Comma, 
after mention. It mutt be noted that Jolm Stawe calls Mr. 
Lelandi^s Itinerary (of which Work a vaft deal, and, I am 
afraid^ much the better Part, is now quite loft) bv the Name 
of commentaries <^ England. But Mr. Vattans (wno was well 
acquainted with Stawe) does not mean Mr. I^aneP% Itine- 
rary^ but his Commentaries upon the Cygnea Cantioj where 
he difcourfes of the old Verolamium^ cidl'd by the Saxons 
Wkrlamcefter. Ibid. 1. 7. as of Andres Cheftcr] I have added 
the Word of, which was before wanting. Ibid. 1. 9. Ithan- 
tbefter'] YideCamdem Brit. p. 3ao. Ed. mdcvii. Ibid. 1. 31. 
63^. yeares fiue.'] Hence ic appeareth that this Letter was 
wntten in the year I575r» 



Vol. y. d E Codice 



XXVI 

£ Codice MS. membraneo penes Antiquitatam 
noftrarum egregium cultorem atque confer- 
vatorem Thomam Rawlinsonvm, 
Arm. Medii Temp It Londini Sociatn. 

Herefueth the propertees oftheShyres (?/Engelond. 

The propyrte of every fhyre 

I flial you telle, and ye will here. 

Herefordjhtre flieeld and fpere : 

Worjeterjhire wryngpere. 

Glouceterjhlre (ho and nayle : 

Bryfiowe fhippe and fayle. 

OxenforJJb/re gyrde the marc : 

Warwykjhire byade here. 

London refortere : 

Sowthetey gret bragere. 

Efex ful of good hofwyfes : 

JMsddhfex fuI of m ftryves. 

Kentjkire hoot as fyre : 

Sovfeks fill of dyrt and myre. 

Hertford/hire ful of wode : 

Huntyngdonjhire corn ful goode. 

Bedfordfhire is nought to lakke : 

Bokynghamjhire is his maakke. 

Northampton/hire flfiil of love 

Benethe the gyrdyll and noth above. 

Lsncaftrejbtre Wfte archere ; 

Cheflrejhire /sTnwakkere. 

Northumhrehnd hafty and hoot : 

Weftmerlond y tprut ScotU. 

Torkjhire ful of I Kynghtys : 

Jjyncolnjhlre men ful of myghtys. 

Camhrygejhire fill of pykes : 

Hohnd ful of grete dykes. 

Northfolk fill of wyles : 

Southfolk fill of ftyles. 

I am of Shropjhire my fhines be fharpe : 

Ley wode to the fyre, and dreflc me my harpc, 

Notynghamjhire ful of hogges : 

Der^tre ful of dogges. 

M So in the MS. not Jfoynes^ as I find it written in a loofe 
leaf of Paper, (lying in the Book) containing a modem 
Tranfcript of thefe Verfes. $ So in the MS. not The fatter^ 
as in the faid Tranfcript. y Sic. f Sic. Leyceter^ 



xxvu 



Ziiyciterjhife fill of benys ! 
Staffordjhire ful of quenys. 
mWtlkJblre fityre and playne: 
Barkjhhre fyU the waync. 
Hampjhire drye and wcte : 
Somerfetjhlre good for whete. 
Devenjhtre myghty and ftronge : 
Dorfetejhlre wil have no wronge. 
^Tynnokjbire is not to pravfe : 
A man may go it in to aayes* 
CornevMle y fill of lynne : 
Walys full of goote and kene. 
That Lord that for us all dyde dye 
Save all thefe fhires. Amen fay ^we, 

E fchedula quadam ab amiciffimo pariter atque inte- 
gerrimo Vlro Thoma Ward, A. M. &> Collegii 
Orielensis focio^ mecum communicata. 

Out of an old RoUfor fraying for the Soul of Dame Lucy De 
Ver Foundrefs <y Hengham Triory in Effex, -^. i. Ric. L 
Titulus. Ecclepa Sti. Petri • Weftmonafiem. — — Anima 
Dominx Lucta Prioriflas de Hengeham^ & animac omnium 
fidelium defundorum, per Dei miiericdrdiam, requiefcant in 
pace. Amen* 

Concedimus ei commune beneficium Ecclefix noftrae. 
Oravimus pro veftris, orate pro noltris. 
&0*The faid Dame Lmcj de V^ere^ who was the Wife of 
Alhertc de Vere (Earl of Oxford,) was the firft Pri- 
orefs of this Place, and tho' the Priory was really built by 
her Husband, yet Ihe was ftyl'd Foundrefs not only upon 
account of her Relation to him, but becaufe fhe affifted him 
very much in carrying on the Foundation. She prov'd an 
excellent Govemefs, and was eminent for her great Judg- 
ment and Prudence; and as (he gainM upon the Affedrions 
of thofe that were more immediately under her care, fo by her 
ftri<a Devotion, exemplary Piety ^wonderful Chaftity, and her 
large Benefiadions and Contributions to divers other Places 
jhe obtained the general Chara&er of a trulv virtuous, ^ood 
Woman,and for that reafon upon her Death me was mentioned 
in the Prayers not only of the Church oSWefiminfler but of a- 
bove fifty other Churches, as appears from the faidf Roll,where 

m Sic. fi Part of Gloncefterjhire^ I think, y So in the MS. 
not is fuU^ as in the (aid Tranfcript, * Ufimld ti rather I 
m the Angular. • iSic in fchedula. Mr« 



xxvm 

Mr. Ward obferves the fame Words repeated above fifty 
timesj but conftantly written irt a different Hand, Every (me 
of thefe Churches ItrivM to outdo each other in fhewing the 
Refped they had to the memory of this Lady, which made 
fome of them write Verfes upon the occafion, ieveral of which 
occur in the faid Roll, and are fubjoynM to the abovemen- 
cionM Certificate of their Declaration in her behalf. For to 
one Copy are added : 

Hofc virgo vita mirtus fufer afira loc C . 

Ef Jic Luciae Lux fine fine d }^ ^^^ 
Tranfiit ad fuferos venerahitit hac moni C .. 
Vixfiiccedet ei vlrtutum munere t C 

To another : 

Ad Lucem Lucia venit fine fine man Sentem 
ES fie quern coluif Patrem videt Omnsfet \ 
Luci Lucix frece Lux mediante Marix 
Luceat atema^ quia floruit ut rofa vema. 
To another : 

lyes tiU gemm J .^ 1 lucent Lucia CarJ^^^ 
Lefufer aur \ "^^ fdic leBa qua ratn^' 
MMter virgo t^ ^^'l^Martir fuit. ergo ««»v f^^^ 
Cemat ad ex X'^^f difiriaijudicis ^«»«»- 

To another ; 

Subveniant anima Lucix ceelica quaque^ 
Ad quorum laudes 1^ da f tilts uma fuiU 
To another: 

Scandat ad aftra foli virgo Lucia ieata^ 
§ua Chrifto fo/i fuit in terris famutata. 
To another: 

Verax vita vid te ditet Luce Lucia 
Lt ceeli frofriJ cum virgine matte Maria. 
To another : 

Mors rafit omnia^ Junt quia fimfnia terrea fuequOm 
Nuda tuguria celfa falatia mors unit seque. 
This Priory being dedicated to the B. Virgin Mary^ and the 
Holy Crofs^ for that reafon upon the Roll is painted the Vir- 
gin Jttfrn and over her: 

Stella MariSy candoris ehur^ ^eeulum faradjfi^ 
Fons veTsia^ vita janua^ virgo vale. 
And for the fame reafon a large Crofs is painted upon tjbe 
fame Roll, and above it : 

CYux bona^ Crux d{ . \Lignumfufer omnia IS - 
Me tHi conf V««* freiimens i fefte malV^^^ 



• Sic in fchcdula. Reponend. forfan, levmen. P Lege, 
dajfihs* 

THB 



THE 

ITINERARY 

OF 

JO H N L ELAND 

The A N T I Q^U A R Y, 

Vol. V. 

|0* The Number of Folios anfwering the Original 
is put in the Margin. 

m A No. D. ^iiyio. confummmata efi ecclefia ium dot" f«^»» 
y^ mhorio^ claujlro & refeBorioi exfenjis in ofera-^^^'*^^ 
LJk tionibus oBo marcarum miUihts. ^** 

l\ jT*'.^^J.^l'^i'^^^^^^ rsnoke Wei is countid 

-^ -^^ Hayles in radtcthisde Cotes-' nf r.,in fnr r>n« v^f ruT^^t 
^olde to Ar^«/./village, to Birr^^», and t^^"^/^^^ ^^" 

fumwhatbenethB»r^i,»cummithintohit ^^^* ""^ ^"""^'J' "^^^^- . 
a Water rifiug at Kenfdale in CoteCwald^ and thens to H/0r^ - 
vlhe^ wherabowt yt rennith undre the Grounde ; thens to 
SweUe Village by Ston*^ from SneUe to Slawghter^ and jTo 
into Burton Water, 

Ther cummith a Water from the Partes of RoMche^ and (a 
down not far from Cheping Northton to Bruem^ as I fuppofe. 

Xlumming from Chifing Norton to Stov> in the Wold abowt 
the midde way is Adelfthorf and Horfe Bridge by wher is a 

limes betwixt ..«...• 

Market Thwnes in the Wolde <>/Gloceftrefliire. 

m Thefirft Leaf is wanting not only in the Original^ hut like-^ 
wife in Stowe and Burton, fi 1251. 3;. H. 8* [lege H. 3.J 
confummata eft B* 

Vol. y. A ^<wi 



i LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

Stow In the Wolde w. Miles &om Ctiffimg mN^rtbtPU^ and 
VII. or VIII. from Heyles\ 

Camden a /S vii. Northweft from St99. 

Northlacbe a vii. Miles from Stow [Towne] Southweft 
from Stow almoft in the Wayc from Stow toXSceftrc. 

ClceRre. 

Tetitru 

y Cheltnam a Market Toun in the Vale [v.] Miles from 
Hayles Abbaye, 

Glocefire ftandith on a Brooke that goith into Senjeme. 

Fairford^ wher NJr. Tame dwellith, a vii. Miles from 
lNort%lage. 

Ofwaldus frimum inftituh Canontcos feculares mfnJ Peribre, 

Fofteafuit ibidem chorus monacborum. ^ ^ 

Rurfus Canonlei tnduSi. ^ 

Pofiea monachi fer Edgarum. 

tlferus abftvUt fradia monachis. 

Odda comes ejusfiUus reftituit. 

Monaftertum conflagravtt & i monachis defertum efi. 

Monachi Weftmonafterienfes fraMa ufurfabantn 

Wada comes attulit reUiquias S. Edburgae, & fer Ofwaldum 
tpifeopum Fulbrightus aUas induBnt. 

Olney^ alias Alney^ about Deorhirfi in Glocefier-Jbirem Deof' 

hurfi yet remainith in Glocefre^jhire as a Celle to Twckesbhi. 

• ** 

Scargate about Severn fide repaired by Ethelfleda. 

Al ihe way that I rode betwixt Hejfles znd Per/bare was 
meately here and ther wooddid. But from Perfort to H^ce-- 
fire J and thens almoft to Tembyri^ was better wodid, and yet 
m Vales and Sides of Hilles good Plenty of Corne. Ana as 
for good Medows and Paftures in Wiceftre lakketh noone. 

A ii. Myles a this fide Montgomeri in the Way thens to 
Bisjhopfes Caflel is a River cumming owt of the viane Hilles, 
and is caulhd Taidkrooke. It rifit owt of an Hille Side within 
ft Mile of Bisjbops Toune^ and goith into Kemlet in the Vale 
by Montgomery. 
Urdki, Martine Poole^ meately large and plentiful of Fifche, is in 
a faire Valle, and is iii. Miles from Montgomery^ and ii. 
Myles from Chirheri Priori lately fuppreffid. 

In the midde way betwyxt Brfiips Town and Montgomery 
is a pretv Rille ther devidinge Cau[rfland^ a notable Part 
of Shropshire from Chhbirbe Hunderithe, This CaurJUmd^ fum- 



« JVor/ow a 7 or 8. Miles to Utrle B. /8 Mr. Stowe adds 
Miles, y Cheltnom St. I Northton B. 

tyme 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 3 

tyme longingc to the Duke of Buckyngham^ croketh mervcl- 
oufly about the uppar Parts of Shrofe-Jhire.'] 

Offas Dike apperith manifeftly by the fpace of a ii. Miles Fol. 3. 
almoft in the midde way betwixt Blsjhofs CafteUe and Montgo- 
mery^ and ther it is in «ione not very far from the Mote on 
a Hille Toppe as a limes betwixt Caufeland Lordflii{>,or Mont-^ 
gomeri^ and Heffordjhire^ and again not far touchiih a litle 
in ShtrByri Hunderith, and againe paffith a litle by CaurTeUnd. 

I hard alfo at Montgomery that OffVs Dike apperith fum- 
what about Radenor^ and againe with|n a iii. Myles of Of- 
wej^re, , ^^ 

Gumming from Btsfljops Caftitte to Clunne Lordfliippe cum-The fefre 
meth doune a greate Woode grouing on a Hille, and under^^*** ®* 
the Hille within a Mile and a half of Bisjhoffes Towne is a. 
Riveret cauUid Onke^ and rennith by this Wooddy Hille, and 
a Quarter of a Mile a this fide from » Clunne i8 CafteUe Ciunne 

rifim • • • and at 7 Lenterdine 

cummith into Teme. 

Bytwixt C/unne and Knighton is a River caulid Cluideford^ 
that after a fmauUe Courfe of running cummeth into Teme. 

Teme River at Knightton devideth there Melennitb from 
Clunne Lordfhippe. 

Knighton^ as I remembre, ftandith bytwixt ii. Rivers* _ 

Teme cumming down from Knighton* 

Teme rifith in Melennitb Hilles a v. or vi. Miles from 
Knighton^hilit a Mile above a Chapel cauUid, as I ^emembre^ 
Boflel. 

About half way bytwixt Knighton and Nen Hadenor cumr^''«*»*/». 
mith laugge owt of Melennith^ and fo doune to Prefieiife zKiHi^f** 
good Market Town therabout deviding the Lordfhip of Pre^ 
Jlein longging to the King, and ZMg Hameis Lordihip longg- 
ing to the Baron of Burforde. 

I Stefton^C^&ellc [on] Lug in Lug Harness [longynge to,% Sttfii-Ci* 
the BzTon of *Burford,2 *'«. 

At Preftein Towne and Market moft Part of the Cunteri 
of Melennitbe fetche their Come. ^ 



« PunSa quatuor fofi one in B. fed ut not edidimus in Aut^ 
& Stoveo. fi Caftell cummithe into dune. Clunne rifethe . • 

.and at &€. Stove, y Tenderdine B; 

t Stefleton^CzMc B. 1 Several Points after Burford in B. 



I Clunnr Caftel coniiiicli into Glimne. clunne rifith. ^ Steple-Caftel. 

A % Fre/em 



4 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Trejtein in iValfche is caullid tnULanandrew. 

The Walhhe Foole^ a Market Toune^ taketh Naiue of a 
Poole therby, mearly large and plentiful of Fifche. 

Montgomerike * deSorifcnid by Owen Glindour. 

"Radenor partely deftroied by Owen Glindour^ and the Voice 
is there that after he wonne the Cartel he tooke a iii. fcore 
men that had the Garde of the Cartel, and caufid them to 
be heddid on the Brinke of the Cartel Yarde, and that fins a 
certenBloodeworthgrowithther wher theBloode was fliedde. 

Ther is a Chapel at "Radenor befide the Paroch Chirche in 
^he Chirch Yard^. 

Radenor WoUe ys » much praifid. 

The Valey about Radenor is veri plentiful of Corne and 
Grefle, and the Valey ftreccith up one way to Llmfire. 

Limftre of fum is cauUid in Walfche^ LLinlinL of Flex or 
Hempe grouing therabout. But this is falfe. For it takith 
Name i leone. 

The Vale of Radenor goith one way toward Chefire^ and 
a nother toward ShreusBlri. 

Bi Old Radenor is an Hille caullid Tencrage. 

Cuniming from Radenor to the Hay I lefte Old Radenor 
on the lifte Hond fet son an Hille a ii. Miles from Mev 
Radenor, At Old Radenor (as fum fay) was ons a Market 
kepte. Ther is yet a very fair Chirch and welle fervid. 

Within a ii. Myles from Radenor I cam over a Broke 
caullid Wadele that goitfi into "Lug^ and a Mile or ii. beyonde 
that I lefte Hi^»f/W<X?»-4-Cartle a Mile on the lifte Hond. Ic 
longgid to the DuKe of Bok'mgham. 

AMile or more beyond that I paffid at New-Chirch over 
;^row that goith to Limfire. 

Arow rihth not far from Glafcumte^ wher is a Chirche but 
few Houfes, Thens a good mile it cummith to New-Chlrch^ 
and then thorough the fair Parke of Huntingdon Cartle. 

[A tpQ Miles, or more, from New-Churche I faw pafsynge 

by . • , . . Paynes • . . . a good Mile of on the right hancH] 

f ol. X. /sThe Fery from Aufie in Gloceftrejhire to a Visage on the 

Oill'l ^ .M.. ■ -I ■■ - - I ■-■■■■ I . 

# LLanandvaw Stowe. fi The fourth Leaf is left Blank. 
But infiead ef that Mr, Stowe has inferted {without any Author 
tity from the Original) Mr* Leland^s Oifervations ahut Lud- 
low, which I have printed {much more exaSlly than they arere^ 
f repented hy Stowe) in fol. J78, 179. ofthefecond Fart of thf 
rourthVol. 

V ■ . ■>*■ ^ ... ■ ■ . — , 

I ^Pfloricliid. % iQOclii ^ onihill^ 4 C^ftel. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

farther Ripe of Severn^ not far from S. Tereudacus Chapel 
yn the mouth of ^ Ryver, is a iii. Myles over. 

Vencelandys « devidid into Low^ Myddle^ and Hy. The prin- 
cipal Towne of Taow Venteland is Chepftov a ii. Myles from 
Severne ShopF€« Sum fay that the old Name of this Towne is 
Strtgulra. Sum think that Strtgulia Ihould be fum other Place, 
becaufe that the Lord Herehert writeth hymfelf Lord of Chep- 
flow zndStriguL as of ii, diverfe Places. There appere a v. or 
vi. Englifch Myles from Chepftow yn a great Wood Syde under 
a Hille very notable Ruines of aCaftel cawlled7ftf^^,wherby 
runneth a ly tie Broke of the fame Name. The Name of this 
Caftel fumwhat cummeth to the Name of Strtgulia^ but it 
ftandeth, as they fay ^ther, in Mydde Venceland. 

The Towne of Chepftow hath bene very ftrongly wauUed 
as yet welle doth appere. The Waulles began at the Ende 
of the great Bridge over Wy^ and fo cam to the CafteL the 
which yet ftandeth fayr and ftrong not far from the Ruin 
of the Bridge. In the Caftel ys one Tower, as I hard fay, 
be the Name of Longine. Tne Town now hath but one 
Paroche Chirche. The Celle of a Blake Monke or two of 
Bermundejey by London was lately there fupprefTed, A great 
part of (Jumpace withyn the Waulles is qow converted to 
litle Medowes and Gardens. 

Catrguent in Bafe Venteland is «iiiii. from Chepftow in the 
way to Calrlion. Yt was fumtyme a fair and a large Cyte. 
The Places where the iiii. Gates was yet appere, and the 
moft part of the Wal yet ftandeth, but al to minilchyd and 
torne. In the lower Part of tlie Walle toward a lytle Valey 
ftandeth yet the Ruine of a /Sftronge. Within and abowt 
the WauUe now be a xvi.orxvii. fmaul Howfes for Husbond- 
men of a new making, and a Paroche Chirch of S. Stephyn. 
In the Towne yet appere Pavimentes of the old Streates^ and 
yn digging they finde Fundations of greate Brykes, TejjeUata 
ypavimenta^ ^ numifmata argentea fimul (^ afrea, A great 
lykelvhod ys that when Catrguent began to decay then began 
Chepfiow to florifch. For yt ftondeth far better as apon Wj 
there ebbyng and flowvng oy the Rage cummyng owt of Se-^ 
njern. So that to Chepftow may cum greate Shyppes. 

m Miles addit B. fi Here Is a Word wanthg^ tio* there he 
no Vacattcy In the OrtginaU But Mr. Srowe and Mr. Burton 
have left afmaU Space, y Monumenta in B. perperam. 



fortes^ 



6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Forteskewin, > as I lernid", is bytwixte Chepfitw and Ouf" 
guent ; Ther goith a Riverct to the Severn Sc, andither is one 
of the Limices of the Lenght of Wales. The other i$ Fort- 
Hoyger by HoUhed in Anglefey. 

Tyntern Abbay iii. Myles from Cbefftow abowt Wy Side 
femeth to be in iS « Litle Venteland. 
tk 

The Caftel of Caheoyd longging to the Kinge is in B^/f 
Venteland toward the Severn Stiore not far from MMttbem. 
At this Caftel, as fum fay, was King Henry the vii. begotten. 

L^n Voir a Caftel yn Ba[e Venteland a ii. Myles almoft 
North from Calrguent. 

Matthern ys a preaty Pyle in Bafe Venteland longging to 
the Bisihop of Landafe. 

The foyle of al Venteland is of a darke reddifche Yerth fill 
of Slaty Stones^ and other greater of the fame Colon The 
Countery is alfo fumwhat Nlontayncu8,and welle replenifhid 
with Woodes, alfo very fertyle of Come, but men there ftudy 
more to Failures the which be wel inclofed. 
W. 6. Myddle Venteland. 

Sum fay that Cair Lion (hould be in Bafe Venteland^ fum 
fay nay. The Welfchemen fay that Cair Lion is but viii. Myles 
from Cbepfiow. but in deade it may be counted xii. Englifch 
Myles. It ftondeth magnificently on the farther Side of 
Wtfche^ one of the principal Ry vers of South-Wales. So that 
very great Shyppes might wel cum now to the Town, as they 
did in the Romavnes Tyme, but that Newport Bridge is a 
Lette. »Neverthelefs bygge Botes cummeth to the Towne. 
The Ruines of the Walles of the Town yet remayne, and 
alfo of the Caftel. 

Ther is opinion that the olde Romaine Chirche was abowc 

Mr. y Houfe, where I lay. There in digging 

apperid certen paintinges on Stonis. 

There were fownde a late by the Caftel certeyne paintid 
Incruftamentes hard by the Caftel. 

In the Towne is now but one Paroche Chirche, and that 
is of S. Cadocus. 

Sum wold that Ca;V«j*tf, otherwife caullid Brenhgey^ fhould 
be the principal > Place* of Mydle Venteland. The Caftel 



a Defunt B. ^ Bafe Ventland B. y This Vacancy is not 
fuffly* a either by StowQ or Burton. I DeeftStovco. 



I Bafe Vepteland. % Nercrthelct. 

ther 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 7 

ther hath bene great, ftronge and fair. The Town by femeth 
not to have bene of any Renown. Ther was a late an Ab- 
bay of Nunnes. Cairusk ftandeth on the farthcrJBde of IJske 
ij . • . . Myles from Cair Lion. 

The Ruines of Cafiel Trogj within a Welfih myle of fum 
part of Tfyske Ryver, a vi. myles from Chefftov^ and almoft 
as much from CairUon in the way to Monemuth. 

The Caftcl of fiTrergreg a ii. myles from Cair Uske in AC/- 
die Venceland. Yt is > otherwife communely cawlled Laniiij^ 
bycawfe it is in the Paroche of S. KiSy» 

Newport is in iVentlugh a Myle and more by Footc Path 
from CairUon^ and ftandeth on Uske^ havyng a prety ftronge 
Town; but 1 marked not whyther yt were wauUed or no. 
There is a very fair Caftel longging lumtyme to the Bukking^ 
hams. But this great Lordlhip, as the Walfch-Men fay, yg 
no part of the iii. Vencelandes. yet it is cawlled in Waljcb 

th0 
y Guentluge. Wherfore yt might in Defcription be welle 
yoined with Myddle VenteUnd. The Lordftiip of Nerpporfhe 
2 likelyhod fliould ftrech to the Ryver of Remmy^ UmesMor^ 
gania. 

At Golddif a iii. Myles from Newport on the Severn fhore 
was a Priory of Monkes of the French Ordre, fupprefled, and 
the Landes given t6Eton College. 

Rag/and yn Myddle VenceUnd ys a very fair and a pleafimt 

sAht 

CafteL viii. Myles from Chepfiow and vii. form Burgeveney. 
The Town by ys bare. Ther ly to goodly Parkes adjacent to 
the Caftel. 

Lanternham Abbay of White MonJces a ii. Myles from 
CairUon lately fuppreffed. 

The hole Lordflup of Mregeveney maketh the Cumpace 
of Hye Venteland. 

Ahergeveney yt felf is a faire waulled Town, meately welle 
inhabited havyng Paroch Chirch. Ther is a fair Ca- 
fteL The Lord of Burgeveney ys one of the auncyenteft Ba- 
rons of the Reualme. 

Fol. 7. vacat. 

Mtnmouth* Muwwey Cambrice. poi. 8. 



« The number of Miles is alfi wanting in Stowe and Burtom 
fi Trergret St. Trergrey B. y Guentoge St. 



I otherwyle. % lykelyliod. 



8 LELAND'S ITINERARY; 

Munmouth Town ys wauUed, and ftandeth yn the Diocefe 
of it ' Herford betwyxt ii. Ryvers, IVy and Mone^ <rf'the which 
yt » takith Name. Of thes ii. Ryvers IVy to us ftandeth lowerj 

ihus 

and Mom hyer« Muro cingitur ta farU qua fi flumme non 
defendhur^ hoc efi i parte aquilcnarij id eit a fart a monachi* 
ca^ (^ ortentalt vfque ad iffam fire rtfam Vaga:* Sedjam fra 
feniOy muro fatljcente^ fats magna frapdii coUaffa efi^ manen-^ 
tilfus tamen adhuc magnis ruims^ ir fojfa alta. Rmrfus a 
forta monachtca murus ad occidentalem partem Moax fi$. 
frotejulttur. Forta in muro 40'. videlicet monacbicay arientalis^ 
Vagenfis, i Vaga fie diSa^ Monenfis, i Mona fiu. fuia 
fufer fontem per quem Mona tramfitur pofita efi. Ultra quern 
pontem fuBurhium efi in Dietcefi Landavenfi, uU olim era$ 
yparochialis S. Thomx facra^ nunc facellum tantum eidem 
dicatum. In oppido parochialis ecclefia tantum una^ qua contigua 
efi canohlo monachorum Benedi(3:inorum, Cafiellum vetus prope 
forum in coUiculo fitum^ uhi Henricus ^. natus efi. Saltm Da- 
nubienfis & provincia Claudiana folo ponte Vagenfi i Mona 
oppido difiisrminantur. Mona Uherum oppidum^ ditionis Lu- 
nenfis^ nee adjacentis provincia imperiis fuljacet, Suburhia omnia 
Monas, nifi ea- parte qua fluminibus tutantur, altiffima fojfa 
cinguntur. Troia antiqua Cedes Herebertorum ^/i^x minus quin^ 
gentis pajfibus i Monx Juburbio difiat. Extra portam aqutlo^ 
parem^ i. e^ monachicam, efi Herchenfeld, /• e . Campus £ri- 
naceus, regiuncula comitem oalapienfem dominum agTwjfcens. 

Tintern ceenobium Baraardinbrum in ulteriori ripa Vagx 
qifinque pajfuum miUibus difians a Mona. 

The Rokkes in North-lVales cawUed Venetia beyng very 
hy, bare, and white, may properly be cauUed in Latine 
Afpes IVeneta. 
Fol.p. The Water of Severne cumpafeth more then one half of 
Guenteland. 

Wye alfo a very great and famofe 5 Ry ver paffeth thorough 
Fentland^^nd at S. Tkrendakes Chapel enterieth ynto Severn. 

Other fmawl Brokelettes in Bafe Venteland cummeth 
ynto Wy. ... 



•c. L. of Herford as betwyxt &c. /3 Sic Autogr. fed QvLtni* 
nibus tantummodo in Stoveo atque Burtono. y Adde eccle^a. 
^ VenetixB. , 



2 Herford as becwyxt, a cakcdi. | River. 

Whisk 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ^ 9 

VPhisk River touchcth late fer mediam Ventaniam, and ys 
as a terminus to Breknokjhire. 

mGevenj rifith ....•...•..* 

Remeney is as a limes to Mjddle Venteland and Glamorgan^ 
Jhire* 

Caftelles in Monemuth Lordlhip. ^ 

Monemuth^ the Kinges, fumtyme of I^ncaftre Dition. Ske • 
ArrfCaftelontheRyverof J»&«wyaiii. ^ t>._ r • ^ /• 
ibove Jlf.»f«.«/*. White Cafiel\ ,m. / ^'^.^''''"'^l'"^'^'^- 
Myles from Monemuth, and a Myle Jf-^getethaprety^^ 

from Money River. Gr^>.»f Caftel ^I'^L^cS^^'^^^ 
a V. Myles froni i»fo*«»ir/* not far ax.mylesfrom^i^«ewirf*,^ 
from the Ripe of Money. §M partes ^^^^^ !?* ^i?c«/ f* irr^^ /,,, 
circa hac cafieUa habitant ^nl^Tios Mo^ nomsn:sVzg^fet,t. 
nam mittunt. 

Herckinfeld is a great Lordlhip longging to the Erie of 
Shrewishhy, and lieth betwyxt Monemuth and Herford, a- 
bowt a ii. Myles from eche of them. On the one fide al- 
luiturV^%^flu. 

Goran fluviolus rifeth yn a Wood cawlled the Grege a 
^vi. from Monemuth by North- Weft, as a Husband-Man 
told me, and goeth into Wye. 

They cary their Prifoners to Cafiel Goderyce fumwhat owt 
of Ercfoynfeld^ but longging to the Erie of^Shrewstyri. 

Gentylmen cawlled JMif»w be great Pofleflbrs ywErchynfeld. 

The Caftel of Kilfek by Herchenfeld belongging to the 
Erie of Ormonde 

Erchenfe/d is full of Enclolures y very of Come and Wood. 

sCununynge from Monemuthe ^into HerfordI pafled over 
a large Bridge of Stone fet on iiii. Arches. This Town is 
auncienr, large and ftrongely walled, alfo having a mayne 
Caftel hard by the Ripe of Wy. I take the Caftel to be of 
as great Circuite as Windefore. The Dungyn of the Caftel is 
hy and ftronge, and yn the Dyke not far from yt is a fair 
Spring cawlled S. Ethelbertes WeB. Withyn the Caftel of 
Hereford yn digging hath ben found non gigantea, infolit^ 
tamen, magwtuainis offa^ and hard by in ripa Vagas affidua 
aOuvione affarent in rtfa ejufdem magnitudims ojfa. The 



m Sic etiam in St. fed omifit B. /8 Adde Miles cum St. & B. 
y Sic jiut. fed full addend, cum St. vel fotius plentiful cum B. 
t To in St. ^ B. 



I aexiof. & ShreviibyiL. 3 Cummyng. 
Vol. f. B WaUc 



16 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Walle of the Towne is cumpafed with a Dike al way filled with 
Morifch Water getherine; and defcendingonto nyt. Ceiteo 
Mylles fervid with this Water caufeth theTownEwkes alway 
to have Water, els they wold often be dry. This Water re- 
forteth to the Botom of IVr. Ther be in the Towne iiii. Pa- 
roche Chyrches. F^One ot them is yn the Cathedral Chirch.] 
wheroF certeyne be very fair, bcfide the Cathedral Chirchc, 
the which is of a very ftrong building. S.Etheltrigbt martyred, 
as fum fay, at M^rden i8a . . . Myles owt of the Town^ « not 
very far from the Ruincs of Sutton^ wher yt is fuppofed that 
Offa lay, but I y think rather that is Palace was ztKenkefire^ 
I was buried in the Cathedral Chirche, but fyns that the 
Wajfchmen deftroied the Town in King Edward the C^U'^ 
fejjors Tyme his Relig[ues have not bene fene ther. -S. Tbo^ 
mas de Cantolufo Efus Herefen lieth at this Tyme in the 
Chyrch rychcly fhrined. Ther be in the Suburbes ii. Paroche 
t Chirches,aCelle of filak Monkes lodging to Ghceftit Abbay^ 

• utTAemt in /khuriim 

ii. Houfes of Freres Blak and Gray. Sum fay that the Town 

3 cooke the Name that yt hath now of an old Forde or Paflkge 

over 1^, not far from tne Caftel. Sum fay that yt was cawlled 

• Sdttut fi' Femlege or otherwife Eimhil. and the JPlace wher the Ca- 

ihh, u Mr. thedral Chirch is now was fumtyme a Chapel of our Lady 

Taylor/i/i. cawlled our Lady ChaPgi of Fernlcgc 

Foi. 10. AUays sm Herrfordfliire. 

A Priory or Celle of Blak Munkes longging to the Howfc 
of G/ocefter in the Suburbes of Hereford. 

Lynetroke a Place of Nunnes withyn ii. Myles of Wygmtnr^^ 
in the Marches betwixt Herfordjhlre and Shrewtsiiry-Jbtre. 

Wigmore a great Abbay of White Chanons within a Myle 
of Wtgmore Town and Caftel, in the Marche Ground to- 
ward Shreuisbiry-Jhire. 

Feverlege fumtyme a Religius Howfe of Freres fupprefled 
olm^ and the Landes given to JVygmore and I^nebroke. Mor* 
timers Erles of the Marches were ^Founders ot Wygmore^ Lyne^ 
hook^ ^tid F^ver/ege. 

•i Thefe Words ^ that I have inclofed^ areflac^d over the Line in 
the Original. ^ A Myle in St. and B. y This Mark |:^ is fut 
in the Marz, of the Orig. I And was B. i Voces fufra lin. 
difunt in Sr. in B. autem fie legimus^ Black and Grey in fu- 
burbiis. Some faye c^c . * Mens nlicis B. 



I nai ver/» % Chiicbc. 3 toke, 4 Fownder j« 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. ii 

Acornbyrl^ a Howfe of Nuanes ^riii. from Hereford now 
fupprefled, 

Leonmynftre a Celle to Reading ^ Blak Monkes on the Ry- 
ver of Luf^, vii. Myles from Her^ord. 

fVormefley a Houfe of Blak Chanons v. Myles from tier- 
ford in a Wooddy Cuncery. 

Monemuth Priory of the Trench Order in the Dioccfe of 
y Herfordjhlre fuppreffed. 

f wT ^/7' r *ir^"^ fT^^ In the Diocefe, but hot in 
of Whyt Monkes fuppreffed^ndther- jj„f„4jh!„, ' 

by runneth a Broke cawUcd Worme. J -^ 

IVy I River goith thorough al HerforiJhWe^ by Braditardlne 
Caftel of Syr Richard Vehans^ to Hereford, viii. Myles to 
JR^^ a Market Towne in Herfordjhire. 

In J^ River be Vmhers^ otherwife Graylinges, yn Walfchy 
*asl remembre", c^^Wid %Caugin. 

Lug rifith hard by Melennith^ and nere a Chapel of owr 
Ladv of Fylale^ and fo to Frefion a Market Towne a ix. 
Myles, to Leonmynftre a Market Town vii. myles, to Morde^ 
ford a vii, Myles of. and fo ther ynto Wy {iii. beneth Herford. 

Fremey a bye Broke, « fumtyme raging", cummetn by 
Bromyard^ 3- as I remembre", and fo ynto I.»|:, and abowt 
yt be very good Paftures. 

LGonmya&rc alluitur triius fluviortSy Lugia, <Pinfelo, tcr- 
tii nominis non memini* Lugia farte offidi inferiori utrumque 
infe recipit, Pinfelus faucis ah offidofajf, miuiius oritur. 

Arow River goeth fumwhat nere Leonmynftre Town, but 
not thorowgh yt. 

Aroip rifith betwyxt Eluethland and Melenithland^ and 
thens goeth by Old Radenor^ and by tiuntingdon^ fumtyme a 
Lordfli. of the Duke of BoHngham's^ and at the lafte cum- 
meth ynto Lug half a Myle beneth Leonmynftre. 

« Adde' Myles cum St. & B. fi Of Black B. y Jjier 
Herfordfhire ate added in Mr. Stowe, but not in. the Shire, 
which Words are placed in the Marg- of the Original as Belonging 
to Dour, jufl as 1 have fubltjh^d them. But they are altogether 
omitted in B. ^ Defunt B. • Caytas St, £ Adde Miles cum 
B. 9 Defunt St. 3- Defunt B. * Supra Pinfelo in Autogr. 
fcrihttur Finfulley, & iCenbroke fupra tertii, ah ead, m. In 
Stoveo autemftc fegitur^ Lugia, Pinfe Pinfulley, tertii homi- 

nis &c. In Burtono, Lugia, Pinfela, et ^ . 

Lugia parte &c. 

I »yver. 

B » Vw. 



1% LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Ryveret that cummeth by New Radenor is cawUed 

S9mtrgilU 

m Oney. One told me That Oney cam ^ fumwhat » toward Lud-^ 
A- ward, but 1 dowte of that. — Syns 1 lernid that Oney cam 
into Teme about Bromfeld a Celle by Ludlo. — The Dwellers 
of the Towne fay conftantly .That Oney cummeth .not by 
Radenor. 

Of furety ii. Brokes cum by Ludlo yn ShrevlsUri-Jbire^ 
•liu Tmm that is to fay Temde^ and Come. Temde cummeth ynto Sevzm 
•■J"- betwyt Fowtk and IVykeeJhe. 

The Town of Ludlo is very propre, welle walled and 
gated^ and ftandeth every way eminent from a Botom. In 
the Side of the Town as a Peace of the Enclofing of the 
Walle is a fair Caftel. Withy n the Town even vn the mydle 
is one Paroch Chyrch. Withowt the WauUes be aliquot Sa- 
teOa. and ii. Howfes of Freres Augufiines aod Carmelites. 
Among other Gates of the Town ther is Come-Gate and Gif /- 
ford^Gate. 

The Bisfhop of Hereforde hath a Caftel of good ftrenketh 
yn the Marches toward Shreuishyri-Jhire C2LwlledBisJhopf Caftel^ 
and ther to lieth a Town cawlled Bisjhofes Town^ wher is 
* Wekely a very good Market. 

Fol. II. vacat. 

P®^* »»• Abbais and Prioris in South-Walis. 

At Chep/low a litle Priori aliquot monachorum BenediBtno^ 
rum a Celle to Bermundefey at London. 

Ttntame an Abbay of White Monkes on the Ripe of ^, 
about a v. Miles from Chepfioro. 

Monemouth a Priori of Blake Monkes. 

Abregeveni a Priori of Blake Monkes of the French Ordre. 
Hamelinus de Barham^ a Norman^ was Founder there. It 
ftoode a lare by the Eft Gate in the Suburbe. 

Uske a Priory of Nunnes at Cair Uske on the River fide a 
flite Shot from the Caftel. It is a v. Miles upward on the 
River from Cairlleon. 

Grace of Dew an Abbay of White Monkes ftonding in a 
Wood and having a Rille running by hit. Veri good Pa- 



^ So alfo Mr. Stowe writ it at frft ; but he afterwards firuck 
out Oney. Mr. Burton alters it thus ; is called Oney or Somer- 
giBe. One tould &c. fi Somewhat Ludlowe-v/ixra B. 



i\ towar. 1 Wekely kept a. 

fturcs 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ij 

ftures be about this Place. It ftondith bytwixt IVUsk and 
Raglande iii. Miles from Cairwtsk and iiii. from Raglande. 

LLantamam Abbay of White Monkes ftondingin a Wood 
iii. Miles from Cahrlleon. 

Wenny a iii. Miles from Cambridge a Celle longging to 
Gloceftre Abbaye foundid by Syr Jo » Loudres Lord of Ogmore 
Caftel nby 

Morgan an Abbay of White Monkes wher was a veri large 
and fair Chirch. It ftondith toward the Se in the midde way 
almoft betwixt CowMdge and Nethe. 

Neth Abbay of White Monkes a Mile above Neth Town^ 
ftanding alfo in the Ripe of Neth. It femid to me the faireft 
Abbavof alJ^/^x. 

Kidwelly a Priori of Blake Monkes containing the hedde 
Paroche Chirch of the Town. It is a Celle to Shlrhurne Ab- 
bay in a Dorfetjbsre. 

Cairmardsne a Priori of Blake Chanons ftanding in Old 
Catrmardine on the River fide. 

S. Cleres vii. Miles from Catrmardine was a litle Monafteri 
fuppreffid and given to Alfoulen-CoWtigt in Oxford. 

fiTeguin ar Taue an Abbay of White Monkes a x. Miles 
from Cairmerdine. 

Ther was y Celle of the Order of Monkes of S. Dogmaels 
in Caldey Ifland now fuppreffid. 

Fenbrooke a Celle of Monkes longging to S. Albanes Mo- i^»famt. 
naftery. 

At Arforde Weft a Priori of Chanons 

ViUe^ otherwife ViUe Rofe^ a Houfe of Monkes of S. 'Dog-- 
maels Order, ftanding in Rofe Contery iiii. Miles above Ar^ 
ford Weft apon the farther Ihore of the Haven of Mylford. 

The Priori of Bonhomes cauUid S. Dogmaels^ 

Ther ? is a Priori in Cairdigan Toune, but in hit was but a ^o^- « ?• 
ii. Religiofe Menne Blak Monkes. It ftondith yet, and is a 
Celle onto Chertefey. 

LUyr 

iLLan Clere a Nunnery of White Nunnes in Cairdigan-v^nwrns, 

^ Clars. 

Jhtre apon the Brook f oi Ayron. It was a Celle of Stratflur^ 

9t So in the Orlg* Nor is itfupply^d by Mr. St. Mr, B. leaves 
out the word by. fi V. infra f. 23. y A Celle St. t LLan- 
lleyr, abfque Clere, in St. LLan Clere, or LLeire, in B. 
i Aeron St. Ayeron B. 

t Loadres. a Dor&tlhir. 3 94/ over ii. 

and 



comum. 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. 
and ftoode from Stratflere x. Miles in the Hy-Way to Cmr£' 
gan. The Village hard by it is caullid TkUfame Greene. 

Strateflure an Abbay of White Monkes on Tine. 

Abet Ayron is a iii. Miles beneth LLanclere^ and ther he 
goith into the Maine. Peraventure LLeuys Mergmnne the 
Barth was deceivid in this, taking it for Net/pert. -^^^ 
rifith in a Montaine by a Chapel caullid Blaine Pennial. This 
Chapel longith to LLandeipitrevij but it is in Cuirdiganjhire 
o\rer Tjfne a iii. or iiii. Myles from Tyne Ripe. 

Tally^L Priory of White Chanons, a iiii. Miles from Aber- 
marleys^ a Caftel of Sir Rhefe ap ihomas almoft ftanding in 
the midxle way almoft betwixt Brekenok and Cairmardme. 
tlf!!?' t^Comeher? an Abbay of White Monkes ftondith betwixt 
"^ ii. great Hilles in Melennith in a Botom wher rennith a litlc 
Brooke. It is a vii. Miles from Knighton. The firft Founda- 
tion was made by Cadwathelan aP MaJak for LX. Monkes. 
No Chirch in tfales is fcene of fucn Lenght as the Fundation 
of walles ther begon doth fliow ; but the third part of this 
Worke was never 6nifchid. Al the Howfe was fpoilid and 
defacid be Owen GRndeur. 

Clunnok VauT a Monafteri fumtime of White Mohkes fup- 
preffid many Yeres ago. But the Original of this Monafteri 
was by S. Benow^ of whom mention is made in S. Wenefrides 
Life. The Whit Monkes were of a newer Fundation. G#/- 
/A/w, Uncle to one of the Princes of North-U^ales^ was the 
firft Giver of Clunnok Village and Place to Bennow. The 
Chirch that is now ther with Crofle Ifles is almoft as bigge 
as S. Davtdes^ but it is of a new Worke. The old Chirch 
wher S. Bennow liyth is hard by the new. 

This Clunnok ftondith almoft on the Shore of the Maine 
Se a X. Miles above CairArvon toward the Counteri olLLinf, 

y At the 

Mafravel Caftel in toijland^ wher, as fum fai, was one of 
the Princes Palaces of Walts as for the Prince of Fbijland. 

^In thefe «Deyesin^(9»tfwhertheydiggeTurvfcsbefounde 
greate Rootes of Trees that ferve Men for Wood. For after 
the Trees wer cut doune fogging Yerth and Moffe over- 



it Conehere St. /8 Beeft in St. & B. y Thefe two Words 
are left out in St. In B. they are joyn^d with the preceding!; %. 

thus^ of LLine ..... at the <? In 

the Depes B. 



depw. 

coverid 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ij 

coverid them, and now the fame Yerth parid away for Turves 
the old mayne Rootes appere, 

Likewife at Low Water about al the fliores of both Shores 
of Aterdein and u Tpwen Mtrloneth appere like Rootes of 
Trees 

Ther is in Mom as right againe Neum Tounne in LLsne jAizt 
is a Kenning of, a litle Ifle cauUid SainB D»»»tf», aWoman. 
and in this file is the Chirch of S. Dunwen. This Ifle h veri 
fertile of Cunnies, and hath ii, fair Welles. Ther is now a 
litle Balk of Sandcaft up, the wich at low Waters prohi- 
bitith the Se to cum about. 

This Ifle is a ii. Mile from HeneroJJer. 

Ther is by Convey on the hither fide of C(»»»ity Water an 
Arme like a Pensnfula^ cauUid Go^avth^ » liying z.^s^^ref' 
tholme^ and ther be the Ruines of a Place of the Bisfliops of 
Bangor, 

Rayder the chefe Village ofMelenmtb^ and Ify River ryn- foL 14. 
neth by hit. 

Fol. ly. vacat. 
C Commod Confild. foL i^; 

fi Cantred Tetingel < Commod Preftatum. 
C Conunod vSyndela. 

CClud Comm. Coleyan. 
3antrcftDiffTin< Comm. J'Ricihyn. 
/ C Comm. Li.amerth. 

\ r^ .AW CComm. Eftrad. 
Bernedwlade > Cantreft Ri- J Comm. 1 Huethalet. 
( wmnang. iComm.Ifalet. 

rComm. Hueth Dulas. 
^Cantreft 3Roft.< Comm, Ifdulas. 
cComm. Crcndin, 
Ir^ . .t^rra. C Comm. Eftradelun.' 

CantrethUfton^ Comm. Hobeum. 
I douerdoe. Jcomm.Yael. 



yCa 



\c 



tt Towne of Merionith JB* /8 Defunt omnia in J5. ufque ad 
foL z%. ubi de Cafiellis in agro Caermardenfi agitur* y So alfo 
in Stowe. But a Line is drawn under the Word in his CO' 
fy^ and fome later HdTid has written Ruthlan over againfi it, 
Ji 'Tis correHed Ritihyn in St. • Cantreft Roji,'] L. Cantrefi 
Ros. 



I liyng. a Uiietlidlet, | Rot. 

Powis 



i6 LELAND^S ITINERARY; 

f Comm.McrforL 
Cantreft May- J n 

lor. J Comm. «Unknan. 

CComm, Mailor Sayfiieg, 

CComm. Tf efwcry* 
Cantreft. < Comm. Crohefoiwold. 

CComm. Trendrion. 
Powis Madoc. > r Comm. Vehendre. 

Cantreft. < Coipm. Kinlleic« 

CComm. Huchraedre. 

r Comm* Dynnael. 
Cantreft. < Comm. Edeynaun. 

CComm. Glindeyerdo. 



Powis Meuon- 
wyn. 



Mone. 



C coite 

< Comm. fi Huchcodde. 
CComm. Hifcodoe. 

CComm, Hiftaeder. 
'S Comm. Sendorc 
CComm. LLaaherchhudul. 
C Comm. Meycheyn- 
J Comm. Ellrac Marchcl* 

^Gomm. yKcrcynaun. 
J Comm. Huchanes. 
cComm. lihanes. 
J Comm. Keveilang* 
^Comm. Madoc. 
Cantreft Aber- C^Comm. Hurch Lywan. 
Mw. JComm. Iflywan. 

JComm.Turkelin. 
^Comm. Talebolleen. 

SComm. f Diudaethnc. 

jComm. Meney. 
J Comm. Huchaf. 

^Comm. Hishaf. 
J Comm. Eydonid. 

cComm. Arduduc. 



Cantreft Al- 
rofcly. 

Cantrede* 



►Cantreft. 



Cantreft. 

Cantreft. 

Zantre 
fraw. 

Cantreft. 



Cantrefe. 



-> Cantreft Arle- 

Ilechwet. 
Cantreft Dy- 
nody. 



« Unknan only in St. /B Comm. Huchcoddo] L* Cofmm. 

nite 

Huchcodoe. Huch coddcote St. y The u written over the 
Line is omitted iy St. ^ Comm. Hurch LywanJ] L. C^m. 
Huch Lywan. i Sic in Aut. Diuerdaethne St. 

Snawdune 



LE 



Snawdune 



66 

y Rung guy 
a Hauren 



Eftratewy 



LAND'S ITINERARY* 
ICantrefMey. JComm. Eftimanueirg. 
I rpnith. l.Comm.Trt5ebont. 

^^ rComm. Ennayn. 

Cantrcf LLcyn V Comm. Diullacn. 
■ C^Comin, Gandogyoit* 

. ' f Comm, Huchmeroc- 

Cantref Penllin-^Comm, Hifindoch. 

Cantrcf Arvon.i9^^"^- H^chgurvey. 
^ ,. C^Comm, Aifgurvei, 

""Cantref. . JComm,Guerchumeauc. 
CComni. Kcry, 

CantrefMcle- CComm. Soededugre. 
nild^ • * "^*-^^^tn. Socdmiethon, 
>. dComm.S-^cdriwalt* 

Comm. Huchmenith. 
Comm, His Menith. 
Comm. Dyfrynfedat- 
^Comm, Loechifunr, 
CantrefPcfiwe-^Comm. 



Cairdigeaun. 



CantrcfElu 
ad. 



did!. 
Canrref. 

Csmtref. 
Cantref. 



CamrefVa- 
diao. 



Cantref 



Eftratewy f 



J Comm. 
^Comm. ' 
CComm. 
■sComm. .. 
CComm. Pemiarth. 
J^Comm* Malwy. 
C Comm. Caer Wedrau$. 
f Comm. Guynenun. 
iComm.Hifcoed. 
Comm. Hyfurgyn. 

(Comm.^Pcraeth. 
^Comni. Hitkemie. 
r Comm. Goer. 
J Comm. Kedewcly. 
^Comm^ Carnwatllan. 
rComm. Mallacn. 
IC6mm.Cayaii. 



17 



M. ty. 



M Tole ft/frs lin. omift St. li Comffi. j^ffgurvfK'] L»- 
Comm. Ifggufvei. y Rung goe St. I Perneth $t. 



'. Tile 
t Come TUelebont.^ % Come Gioelogyon. 

^ Vol. f . . ■. C Brchcienauc 



LELANiyS ITIlJJERAILY- 

i I Comm. Macnaiirrheilum.^ 

I Cantref Vaor < Comra. Kethcynangt, 
I «Comm, Mabelnyc, 

1 Comm. Mabudrioc, 

J [^Comin, Withigadt* 

iCantrefSehf ^Comm. Commod- 
I .^ ._^iT«. 1 ?Conun. Talgarith. 

Brchcicn$uc V nth iComm.ChighoweK ' 

rComm. LLoweh 
' Cantrcfniendo< Comm. Tif eraulf. 
tComm. Eglufchieil. 

^ ruu«n:« jCoram. Hnchcuth. 

Camrrf HcBllin^(.Qj,jj^ Hifcuth. 

Comm. Ddlis Sl Pcnryn.^ 
r Comm. Efcholoef, 

^ i.i-1 t JComm. Talcgarne. 
CantotfOiic0tIu<cboun. AingSeth. 

^Comnu Plymynangcs, 
^Comm, Ebclfre. 

Cantref 4 Comm, ^^ LUnhudein: 

IComm. Caftel Gup, 
rComm. Cotdraht. 

Caanef Pcmifne ^Comm^ Maenaurbirt. 
JComm Penbro. 
^yComm. sHaueufbrd. 



bencra 



Gaotccf Ros 



J luiey 

SComm-Caftel -IWalwinc 



CComm. Caftel Garn. 
Cantref Pcbidi-f Comm. Mimwc, 
aug ' iComm. Peakaer. 



« Comm, Malebtjc*'] A poini is put under r in the Orig. 
and e is written over by Mr Lehnd's own Hand. ^ In Stowe 
*ris read, Cdrntit. MiAermt. fi L Comm. LLanBuadnm. y L. 
Comm. OmerfrrJ. 4 Widluicy 51f. 



1 CaacrefTalgirhlie. a LitnliaaclMi. 3 Haverfbrd. 

Moi^aimog 



Morgannog 



CantrefGorue- 
nicb 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

"Comni. Rhungneth a 

Thawe, 
. Comm. Mirhtmdrel. 
I Comm. Rhungneth at 
Avon. 
«Q)mm. Miriarfe. 
Comm. Coitif. 
Comm. I [Meanorgle] O- 
^ gor. 
f Comm. Meyskvn. 

C Comm. Meanaur Rucbya. 
Xomm. Yrtheid. 
Comm. Pernet. 
Comm. Edelegom 
Comm. Hettaaf. 
Comm. Mennith. 
.Comm. Senghenethhuch. 
rComm. Ifcoed. 
^ ,^ J Comm. Huchoed wey. 
CantrefGuent SComm.MeanarTrefcrufr 
CComm. Leuynit. 
rComm. Huchcoed. 
Cantref *Guent< Comm. Menith. 



CantrefEwein* 
lege 



Cantref Ergyn. 
Cantref Goth. 



.Comm. Tcirtrcf. 



Fol. 19,20,21. vacant* 
Markffites m Cairmardinfliirc. 
Calrmardine. 



19 



Fol. it 



Fol. %%• 



M Comm. MsridrfeJ] So alfb in St&ve-y tbo'Ms hard to di« 
ftinguiOi whether it be really Mriarje or Jdiriarli k^ tbp 
Original. 



I [Mom»if]Ifiiogor, X GmmKi 



csm 



!• LELAND*S ITINERARY. 

CafieUes in Cairmerdinfliire. 

CairmardtMf. 

New Caflil^ alias bi the old Name ElmeVm^ almoft on the 
very Banke of 7v»f, but in Cairmardhfjbsr^ repairid or new 
buildid b^ Syr BieTe aP Thomas. In tRis Lordmip of E/melin 
is other htle fair B Jilding. Ther is a litle Foreft by Elmelsn^ . 
and a Park was ther ons palid. 

Clare Caftel Ruines hard by Saint Cleres Chirch vi. or vii. 
Miles from Ca'trmairdm. 

IXainfiufan in Oftio Tevil flu. 
TkleLang* uLacbame in Hoftio Tauat flu. Tkua % litle lower goith 
*»«">«• into Ttwe. It longid fumtime to the Erie of Norfhi/^ireiand. 

/SLoke here about for Lanamdeueri Caftel". 

For D/»w^ Caftel apon Tewi on the fame fide of Tews that 
Cairmardine-Jhire is. Here was fumcime a long ftreat, now ni- 
inus. 

For yDrjflin Caftel apon Tlvi on the fame Ripe that Di- 
li « 
neueT\% iDrlJlloj/n. Dr/V inexplicabilis. /Ayj» a Bufch''* 

Kerikemten a iii. Miles from Dineuer at the Roote of Blakt 
tiontsine* 



Pol. ij. 



Ahbais and Vrlories in Cairmardinfliire. 

Calrmardin Priori of Blake Chanons. down. 

tTeguin at Taue. Barnardmes. yet ftondeth. 

? TaUey Priory. White Chanons. 

The Collegiate Chirch of .,.,... . was tranflatid to 
Ahreguili for vitiating of a Maidc, the Canons being Idllid 
or fleing for hit. 

^hrguili a Collegiate Chirche of xx. Prebendes or mo 
longging to S. David's. And this is a LordeOiip of the 
Bismop of S. David^ lying amonge other Lordfliippes in 

y VaUh e 

Dijfrin Towe. 



m Latharne B. fi D:funtB. y Druilin B. J[ Defunt St. 
In B. autem Drilloine, {omiffis we ffra lin.) Diris &c. legi^ 
tut. I Sic in Aut, Teguinar Tune In S oveo; & Teguin or 
Tawe in Burtono. At infra Teguinar Tane hahet Sroveus, 
& Teguinar Taue Burtonus. Vera UBIq Twy Gwin ar Taf, 
/. e. Domus alba ad Tzi fiumen^ uti monttit Camd^nu^ J5r/^ 
f. vo^r. Cegaill W Cane edidit Vir eruditus T.Tannerus Not. 
Mon, p. 27c. V.fufraf. i%. 5 Tilly B. n Voeem vallis, ^ 
litcram e^ Jufra /|», omiferunf St. ^ JB, 

HLLan^k 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. n 

mLLandflavar a Lordlhip of the Bisfliops of S. David a 
Mile from Dine^wr on the lame fide of the River that Dme" 
vor is, bur a Mile above it". 

"Rivers in Cairmardinefliire, 

6 Ciraldui 

Tewi riCth in the Montaines of Elennith^ and cumming 
thens partith Cantermaur and Canternehan by Laneneri^ by 
y DJnevor, by Cairmardin^ and by Landifiufan Caftel into 
the Se. 

i^GirAldm %BaJfeUe 

Taua rifith in the Montaines of Vrejfelen not far from 
ZJTeguin at Taue^ by the which it cummith, and fo by S« 
Clares^ and not far from « Abenorran and Talacharne it goith 
into the Se. u I hard ons that it rifith in a Montaine cauUid 
JVrenne^Vaur' a iiii. Miles from Catrdlgeon. 

Cows Riveret runneth almoft in the middel way bytwyxt 
Cairmardin and S. Clares. 

* I lernid ons that Kennenn Riveret rifith in Blake Mon- 
taine and goith into Tewi about Dinever. 

g Fol.14. 

Kidwely^ otherwik xCathweli, Lt. CattileSus^ (\M\zCattus 
olim folebat ibi ledum in quercu facere, alias legi Cadioeli. 
Ther is a litle Toune now but newly made betwene Vers'^ 
draith Vaure and Guendraith Vehan Rivers but hard apon Ven- 
draith Vehan. Fendraith Vaur is half a Mile of. 

Ther is betwixt New Kidwelly and the Old but a Bridge 
over litle Wendraith. The old Toun is pretily wauUid, and 
hath hard by the Waul a Caftel . The old 

Town is nere al defolatid, but the Ca- I faw ther iii. Gates, and 
ftel is nieately wel kept up. It longgid over one of them was the 
to the Duke of Lancajire. In the new Ruine of a fair Toun Haul, 
Toune is onely a Chirch of our Ladi, and under a Prifon. 
and by is the Celle of Blake Monkes of A Peace of the New Toune 
Shirh'trne. Ther the Prior is Parfon of was lateli burnid. 
our Ladi Chirch. The New Toune is three 



« Beefl hjpc SeEilo in St. /8 Beefi Giraldus in B. y Dive- 
nor B, 9 Giraldus omiferunt St. eJ* B, 1 Deefl Baffelle in 
S % ^ Vide fauUo fuferius, n Defunt ufque ad Cowe in St. 
.^ Deeft Vaur in B. t D:eji hac §. in St. » Sic in Aut, Cath- 
gweli St. Cathgueli B. 



I Abe^corranifi cbe Marffin, 

The 



%% LELANiyS ITINERARY, 

tunes as bifge as the old. The Caftd is veri fair and doble 

Sins the Haven [of] Feu- wauIUd. 
Jrastb re[haji) decaied, the * The Se Houirb by yemdrttb Felm 
New Toune is fore decaied. flouith apon half a Mile above thcTown 

Cf/m^ffif^^^ha^thincrefid of KidweBey. 
fins Kidmeli Havin decaied. Bothe Wmh9$h Vaut and Vehau goith 

ly el, as I remem- into the Sc about a Mile beoeth the 

bre, Alict of Lm • . • • wife /8 Touoe al only a litle Kefch of Sand 
to one of the Dukes of JL^w- deviding their Mouthes. 
tafite lay in the Caftel, and Ther lieth a long on eche fide of 
<hd a Reparation on hit. IVendreth ^i^r PitteSjWher Menne digge 

Reparation was done on Se Cole- 
the Caftel againe the Cum- At tiLMnelthUj a Village of KlJhnK 
ming of King Hf«ry the vii* Lordfhip,a vi. Miles fromlCi4fo^J&*, the 
into Wen£fla»di. ^Inhabitans digge Coles, elles (cant in 

Kidwelly Land. 
Ther be ii. Maner of thea Coles. Ring Coles fot Smith 
be blowid and waterid. 

Stones Coles be fumrime waterid, but never blowcn. For 
blowing ^extinguifliit them. 

So t]\%i %VendwHh Vdur Coles be Stone Coles; LLaenetbU 
Coles Ring Colis. 

In KtdvelU is litle Wood, but in the very litle Foreft of 
KidwM wirhin a Mile of the Town on FeTuiratb Febam. 
I^cbor River partith KldweK from Wefi Got^r Lamde^- 
Fenhre a litle Lordfhip longging to Kidwelii Laade ii. Miles 
from KidT^Ul by South Eft liyng. 

The Foreland bytwixt the Pointes of the Mouthys of Vm- 
draethis is caullid Calicofy and this Part of Kidwtlj Land 
berith the beft Woolle of Hye Wal^s. 

Toward the Se Side in Kidipel/s Land is fjood Corne. 
M.»;. Eskenninge Commote hath no notable Caftel or goodly 
Building or Toune, and was in King ? the .... 



« The S3 flowithe by Vendreth Vehan above [/. about] 
balfe a Myle above the Towne of Kidwelly St. ^ Towne, 
and a litle Nefch of Sande divideth . their Mouthes B. 
y Wha$ folfowt in the Ma^^in k wanting in St The h^ken 
Words at the beginning are thus filtd up in Burton : Alices de 
Londres Wife to one of &c. 4 Extynguifheth the Heate 
^t. I Vendrath Vaur St. Vendrith Vaur B. C -^- Leland 
bad firfi written Edwarde the fourthes ; l^ut b^ afterwards 



e («i I fenicmbfc> Alict. % Habitans. 

Pruck 



LELAND^a ITINERARY. %% 

Diyes a merd Membre of KiJvelli Lordfhip, but Syr GriffB 
MNfcoUfj Graofidfttber to > Syr Rhefe af Tiim/fty did by Poun^ 
fumwhac fever them to take Jttftke at CairmofJUm and aac 
2X Kidwelly* 
thi 

/tCkf»^/f(9»CofnmotlibathnotherCaftel not ^odTooonc. 
Llumelthle is in this Commote. So that yn ^KidjggUf \a^ 
be iii. Gommote»,. Kidwely^ ifhtnninfg and Camalthlim. 

Esknming and CarmltbP^ be Kamei of Comm^ces^ tK^ 
of Tounncs or Villages. 

VeTklrniib Va»r an4 Vinitdtb VAm^ ri&h both in 'E$kin^ 
ning Commote, the lefTe an eight Milys * Of from Kid^eUi^. 
the ociier aboat a %» and hath but a litle Nefche (xf Safid be- 
twiit tbe Places wber tbei ^ kite tli« St. 

Finuhmih Veban m offe Place cumthitb within iii. Mttei 
of r s Cadirmifrdh. Nother of the V&fukahbii cxittmiih to afit 
notable Place but ta ^KidvelB. 

The next great Screme thiat cmMnith more Sotitherly iiitd 
the Si^v^h^ Se is L^bftf Mad ebat I did vt^eli perc&^e at thi^^ 
Mxiuth of fihfdt4Mif. L$iior devictkh Q^wet-Land from 
Kidwelli Lordfliip. * 

The ne« Rivet by Weft to Fendralfbis is tT&»0^ t*at at 
JAjm^frfmg Caftel a lii. Milet of cummicfa imio the S&vfm 9e* 

The SiVirm Se at fill Water berith on the Point of LLm^ 
flufan. At low Water k is ii. g€iod Miles of. At fbl Se Tmgi 
fenxith to comme as k wetre to tbe ftiouth of T&n^ River* 
but a{ low Water MarK'e a Man may perceive how \x^ lialletb 
to the Se on the ^ Sanddi^ hard by "Dme. 

LJjtnMm is V. Miies from Cdiimardme^ and about a iliL 
Miles aoove LLanftufan, On the fame Ripe is a Place oi^ 
Clif cauilid GtBnd CsfM^ Wfaerki Shippes ufe to ly at Ancre. 
Smaal BaUnggers ocnerwife cum to Cdhwsrdine. 

Beyond UtfMf^y^SiMftefore the HavfnNfouthliitkaB 
fo chat Ship;4s lighrteUCMi^dotiftwithowt a Pilore; 



fiiFii4k put Ed^v^r^ Ofthi feurtbesv Tn^^i tcftftwraferefdlf/d 
hy Mr. Burton, Mr. Stowe has left tipo linte Blanks, m Ihif 
Sln^9m is left $9ii^ />» StoWe) it i^m digUntf U Spread. But 
tk^ f^ne Ndme is Kiccdias {tho' iffiim^ t4 ie s^/Tf^ Niadas 
in the Original) as affears from what he fays helow at the he^ 
ginning oftol. ^i. fi Carnolthlon St. y Cadirmardtn.'] L. 
Cairmardln. A Totv^€tSP. B. 



t sir. X of fro. t CairmkrdiD. 4 Kidweli. j Stndis. 

Thcr 



U LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Thcr is in Gower-Lamd bytwixt SuoMfey and LAcb^r % litte 
Promontori cauUid Wrnnts H$dde^ from me wich to Caldej is 
communely cauUid Sinus Tmbechicut. 

From Swanj'ey to Kidweli a xii. Miles. 

From KidweVt to Tynhighe a xvi. Miles. 
W u ^•^ y^ * walled Towne hard on the Stvern Se yn P«»- 
* hopkemire. Ther is a Stnus and a Peere made for Snjrppes. 
The Towne is very welthe by Marchaundvcc : but yt is not 
very bygge having but one Paroche Chyrcne. One thinge is 
to be mervelcd at. There is no Welle yn the Towne, as yt- 
is faide, wherby they be forced to fecn theyr Water tt S. 
John*s withowt the Towne. 

MasMopir'u e. Man/io Pirrhij is now communely cawlled 
Mmohr a Towne of Howsbondry, the Parfonage wherof is 
impropered to Chrifies College yn Cambridge. The Ruines of 
Fsrrhut Caftel there, many Walles yet ftandyng hole, do 
openly apperc. This Place is iii. Myles fro T^^rn^, and al- 
moft as muchc from Pemtrotiti but not in the Hye- Way, for 
yt ftandeth nere the Shore of the Severn Se. And agaynO: 
this Towne, or betwixt yt and 7?i»^, liyth Jmffhy i. e. J3»- 
fuU Pirrkiy alias Caldey. 

A good deale upward above Milforde Haven lyith Great 
Scalmey and Lytle Scalmej^ one almoft joyning to a nother, 
longing booth to the King, but not innabited propter pi- 
raUs S* f^li inclementiam. Great Scalmey hath no Howfe in 
yt, as I remcmbre. M. Hogan faid that therein «wa8 a Cha- 

fci. The Fcrmers bring over thither Shepe and Coltes of 
lorfes, the which feede very wildely there; but the Coltes 
taken fro thens be larger and better fed then harted or apt 
for War. 

Sehoukhold Ifle yoinith to Scalmey bygger Ifle then fhe, 
onli a Paffage for Shippes deviding them. As I remembre 
» it lyith Souther then Scalme, Thes Ifles ly not far from the 
Sliorc in the fide of the Mouth of -Mf//r/ir</ Haven, 

Bcyownd Scalmey farther ynto the Ende of the Severn Se 
lieth a great blakke and hy Rokke lyke an Ifle. 

Grejfe Holme is a good way into tne Se, and is but finauUe 
and without Habitation* 

'RameCey Ifle conteinith iii. Iflettes, wherof the Bisfliop of 
S. Davides is Owner of the greteft, but the Cantor of S. 



« Is fufra lin. snAut. 
I It liych. 

DaviJf 



Fol. ^7' 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. »r 

jyavids claymith a nother of them. In them is good Feeding 
for Sheepe and HorfeSi And the Archidiacon of Cairmardm 
the g. 

LLanJiufan Caftel and Lordfhip bv the new Ade is rc- 
mevid from Cahrmardlnjhsre and adjea to Fen^ookejhire^ by 
cawfe it longid in tymes paft to the Erie of 2enhrook9. 

Narharthe a litle preati Pile of old Syr Rhefes given onto FoL i». 
hym by King fl«»r/ the viii. Ther 

is a poore Village. vNarharth Lord** uln the SatutQ caullid 
fhip cummeth almoft from Eft or Lower Her^erth". 
Gledy^ and fo flil bi Eft nere onto Gr^fith fi Nicolas Graund- 
Whitland wher Taue Water devidith it father to Syr Rife bcute it 
from Cairmardinjblre. By Narharth is a of the Duke f^Toriy but after 
litle Foreft caullid Nariarth-ForeAe. lofte. 

Dueglevi Lordfhip is conteynid bytwixt the ii* Rivers of 
GlevL In this Lordfhip or Grounde be few or none notable 
Buildinges. Ther is a htle Rille betuixt the ii. Gleves caullid 
tKollelL i. e. Cultellus. 

Lannhadein Lordfhip on the Eft Side %Gledl wher is ft 
Caftel buildid on a Rolcke longging to the Bisfhop oiS^ Da- 
vid and a Village 5 by 

Therby is alio a Foreft of redde Deere caullid LLoydartb^ 

Dewys Land, alias Vehtdiauc^ and Canterdewy bare of Wood 
and mcately plentiful of Barly « Corne", and reafonably of 
5 al'' other Corne. 

Roche Caftel longging to the Lorde Metres and old i Lan* 
geville Knight of Bukinghdmjbite bytwyxt Harford Weft and 
Sk Davids^ 

Slehyche » Commaundry of the Rodes liith apon the Eft 
Gtevy even adjoyning to the Weft Parte of Narbarth Lord- 
fliip. 

Itaverford Weft Lordfliip hath the Waullid Toun of Ha^ 
verford and * Caftel. The Water of Mylford Haven devidith 

« *thefe Words in the Margin are omitted hy Mr.Sowc^ »ha 
reads the Vaffage thus : Harlarthe^ a lytle preatye Pile of old 
RhefeSy gyven to hym &c. fi See above at Fol. iy. Thefe 
Words about Gr. Nicolas are left out by Stowe* y Har-* 
barthe St. fed mox infra Narbarth. Ji Kollelf] L. Killelt. 
f Of Gledi B. 4 ^^ ^{[^ '*» Stowe and Burton, without anf 
Point after by. « Deeft B. ^ Deeft B. t Lantevilla St. « A 
CaftleB. 



X Coioaaaclry. 

Vol. y. D the 



^ LELANlyS ITINERARY. 

the Lordfhip from Feutr^^ke. in Haverf&rd Toun «thrc 
Pftroch Chirches, one of them withowc the Toune fi in" 
Suburbe. Blak frcres within the Tounc. yChanons without 
fiippreffid. 
# Mmfi ^^ Market. The Market i$ loft, and is now a jpoorc Vil- 
Ttei/'. lage. It is as in the midde way bitwixt > Harfira Wc& and 

Guidtpm Caftel and Lordfhip is perteining to Hmford Weft. 
It longgid to the Lord of NtrtbumhelmUi and now to Ferat, 

Hgrfjni Lordlhip is in R$reUmde^ and Part of Rofe Lordihip 
occupieth Aim of Femir9kejhire. 

In the extreme Part of Femhokejbsre after the old Limitcs 
is a pore Village caullid Aitgle touching hard apon Mlferd 
Haven. 

Toward this extreme Part of Femhol^ire be the nfefiigla 

Mureyf a faire Place longging to the Eliottes. 

Betwixt the ii. GUves by Harford VftA is a litle Ryverct 

caullid in § Walfch in Englifih Knife. One beyng 

requirid wher he lay al Night anfwerid tbAt he lay bavmg 
a Swerd on echo fide ofhym^ and a Knife at hts Hart^ alluding 
to the iii. Rivers in the Midle of whom he lay al night. 

Rovfe Lordfliip 
hath Come fufBcient, and to fcUe to other, and efpecially 
toward Milford Haven, There is Wood alfo ( competent. 

Roche Caftel wirhowte faile is yn Ronfelande. 
In Febtdiauc. 

«The remayne Tokins of Cairhoias Caftel ftanding by 
Alen Ryveret about aQuarter^of a Myle lower thenS.l>«v/</ 
on the lame Ryveret. 

And fum fay that there hath beene a Caftel at or aboute 
Fort Maur^ but the Tokens be not very evidente. 

There is a litle Woode at FerskiBy an 3- viii. from 



«i Be 3. Churches^ B. ^ Mr. Stowe has left out the ward 
in. Mr. Burton has m the Suburbes. y For Chanons with- 
out fuppreflid Mr. Stowe hath^ Chanons without the Towne. 
t Theje IVords^ which are flac^d in the Margin of the Orig;inaL 
are left out in Stowe and Burton. 1 There is a Vacamj alio 
m Stowe 4f)r^ Burton. ( Complete St. « Ther St. B. d- jiMe 
Miles cum St. & B. 



I Arford. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. *7 

ctbytwixc I Fifch^rd and it 

S.David J ^nd mochhctterzt ^Treugartb%^.Miles ; • • • • 



There appere in dy vers Partes ofPebidiauc Hilles and Dikes 
with Bulwarkes of Yerth as Campes of Men of Warre or 
Clofures for Catelle. 

The foile of FeUdlauc is Stony, yet there is meatly good 
Corne. There is Plenty of Fifch bycaufe of the Crekes. 
S. Davidiflamde. u 

S. David-Land beginnith at NewgaUe a Crek fervid with. FoI.a> 
bak Frefche Water. There is a Bay afore this Creke betwixt 
it znd Milfarde. 

There be divers other litle Crekittes betwixte 9 NevgaO^ 
and S. David Hedde, and againe betwixte S. David and 
Fifchard befide them that be written of heere. 

A 4. Miles from Newgal upward on the Shore is Salvath^ 
otherwife fiSalverachy a fmaul Creke for Ballingars and Fif- 
char Botes, and hither refortitb a litle Frefch Water. 

Thens to Porte Clays g. Miles, a litle Havenl^t, wither 
^en that rentiith thorough S. David Clofe cummith. 

This Porte Clais ♦liyth a Myle South Weft from S. D^v'M* 

About a Mile ofisP^r/J«fo»re, where « <w«^«* Chanel i? a 

into?hfr\t°e ' "'"^^ * "'°"' ^^""^ MireSt;Swl(SSs.L! 

Tk»f.^r, J •«« 'J v^AA w///, andtheristhePafsto 

hJ^ M.'i° "^^' ^•■^'^^ ^^^^"^ U4«V«a Myle of by Water. 

half a Mile. This Chapef is beniixt Pcrf- 

To IVedene • a. Thens a Peace of LLanrean Paroch,,^^^- 
wher the Bisfhop of S. David hath a Place, and heere is a 
litle Creket. 

To LLanunda Parcche about % 4. Mile? having a Creke, s. GwiA. 
Here about is Hering Fisfliing, 

« T/^^ JfV^/ over the Une^ and all the refi as far as S. Da- 
vidis-lande in Fol. 29. are omitted in Stowe. ^8 Ita In Aut. ^ 
B. non Salvevach ut in St. y This §. in the Margin is wanting 
in Stowe. In Burton is read Sinaus for Stinans. «l Veaa 
St. fed infra Rean haht. i MUes addunt St. & B. 



a 

T Fifcharc. i Trengam. ) Newgall €, Mile from S. David on the middc 
Way iHftwixc Herford and S E>avid. Thit Pafl*age it to be i&feited "b^twfeQ 
#/ hetff and a 4. Mi(fi. 4 lyich. 

Q 2 Here 



a8 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

CiuynfLa. Here GueY» River devidith PeUdiaue from i Fs/hchard in 
Kemmeijland, 

To ^Fifcharde a 4. Miles. Here is a li[tle Haven, havynge 
a Rejfort of Shippis. 
FoL 30. Syr John Talhoi that maried Trout^ks Heire dwellith in a 
goodly t-ogge on the hy Toppe ofAlMgktan Parke. It is in 
tne very Egg:e of Shropjhire % . Miles from Tiinge. 

itCortet oF Merton Corbet viii, c. Marke Lande. It liith 
round about the Shire, He hath a Manor by Layton Buffard 
inBuktughdmJhlr. 

Corhet of Lee. i. Miles from Caurfe Cafiel of a yongger 
Brother of Morton. It cam yn partely by Manage, c. Mark 
Land6. 

Sum fay That of late dayis Corbettes were Owners of 
Caurfe CaJteL 

Corbet of L^ngmef', 4. Miles from Shrobsbjri toward Ijidlo. 
Ther is a Park. jpl. //. Lande. 

Syr Bjchardt Mamevering of FRgthfeld. %. Miles from 
Whhchtreh. 

John Dodde of Cloreley. a Mile from HIghtfeld, a c. Marke. 

Syr Robert Nedam of Shtinton- 4. c. Marke Lande. 

Grofevenour of Beleforte. 3. Miles owt of Draston Market. 
This Man and Grofevenour oi Eit on Bote in fiyCheJhire cam 

Jf a. Yongger Brechern of Grofevenour of Houme, whos v. 
)oughcters and Heires were ymaried. 
. Shakerky of Laneaftre maried the [eldeft Daughter, and 
had"] th^ Manor of Houme. 

Newport of Archhaul a Lordftiijp of a c. //. with Park, and 
'hath a c. //. Laride by. This M!an, 2ind Mitton of Cotton by 
Shr^bsbj^rf had Syr John Boroues Landes yn Shrofjhtr and War^ 
7S(lk. Mtton had his beft Houfe iMorM Haul in Warwicjhir^^ 

Leighton of Letghton. 

t»eight$n of IVattkfborow. 



ti Some things are h^e wanting^ and others tranffos^d^ in 
Stowe. For Morton Corbet Mr, Burton's Tranfcrift hath 
Norton Corbet ^ but in the Margin thereof Mr, Ant. k Wood 
hath correBed it Morton Corbet. ^8 Chejhtre'] L. Chefire. 
y After maried is no Point in the Orig, but there is left in it a 
Vacancy of about z. Lines, Mr. Burton reads married to, and 
ihen puts feveral Pricks to Jbew that fome Things are wanting^ 
i Sic. 



% Fi/Tchcaid. 1 Fiflchcard. 3 Cheftre;. 

Leighton 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 19 

JLetght9n of "Plafeh a Mile or %. from ASm BumeL 

Le'^gktBn of Redimer %, Miles from Ch^rleian Caftel, and 
is on Roden Ryver. 

MHton caullid Lorde c^ Mouthey^ but I trow He be but * 
Steward to the King there, His Houfe is at Comn a Quarter 
of a Mile owt of Slmusiyri. a. c. Mark Lande. 

Trent am o^ Shrofjbire dwellid in the Toune fclf, wher his 
bcft Houfe was. a Man of l. It. Lande, Now he hath fold his 
'L^iTidQmShrofJhtri^ znihzt\iho\xtt Rocefire'9nOTy in Stirfori* 
Jhir on Dove. 

Thomes of Shreusbyrif L. //. Land. ^ , 

Onejloo of Onefio XL, /T. Land. i. Miles from Shrtustyri. 

Oteley of Pichefert. 4. Miles from Shrousbyri and a Mile FoLji* 
from ^(SF^w BurneL a c. /r. Lande. 

Skrhen of Fordijley 2l Mile from ^i^^nr BumeU c. Mark 
Land. 

if of Longmer a fair Manor and Park. c. ff". Land, a Mile 
from ASon BurneL He is Elder Brother to Le that maried 
^ Le/ghton's Wif of VTate/hrov. 

Laken of ^/-jy, wher is a Park. 3. Miles from Bridgnorth^ 
3. c. Markes. 

Gateacre of Gataier. a c. Mark Lande. 3. Mile from 
* Bridgenorth, 

WtPtge of Dvdmtfire of Seveme Bank. c. Mark Lande. 

Haughton of Bedyri. 4. Miles from Brigenartb* XL.'^B* 
Land. 

r<7»^ of Casneton. c. Mark. 

Vernoun of Hodenet Syr Hip»»y J^rxr^iyji Sun. a. c. Markes 
by one of the Heire of JLyrf/a. 

0?W(?» of Cotton, a L. //". Lande. 

Chorliton of Apeley hard by Welington. 

Chorleton of Tfbmiridge Uncle to • I ; • . « . • 

Fol. 31. vacat. 
Englifch Maylw lyith altogether on the South fide of Dtf^ poL 35. 
conteyfting 3. Paroches, Oureton^ Bangor Vauro^ Hanmere. 

The Parodies be very greate, and they have fum Chapelles. 
There was a praty Pile or Caftel at Oureton yn auncientoniwrwi 
'J'yme, the which «* was throuen doune by the Violence of**^ 

« J make a Mark iefrre this IVord^ and another in the Mat^ 
gm^ hecaufe^tU fo in the Original; the Author having defgn^d 
to add fomethlng^ which he ^terwards forgot to infert. 

I If igton. a Qrtgei|0kn2i^ 

Be0 



|o LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

Def Ry ver chaunging hU Botom. For of olde nrme l>ee nn 
half a Mile from the Caftel yn t Place of the Valley caollki 
Whiftan^ where now is WockIc and plouehid Grounde riritt 
agayne Oitretom, The Toune of Ouretam hath had Buin?e£ks, 
but now there is not lo. Houfes. One Parte of the Uidics 
and Hille of the Caftel yet remaynith ; the Refidew is in die 
Botom of Die. 

The next Paroche lower on Da is Bamgor. And yet yn 
deede Ountm is but a Membre to Bmtgor^ and Dr. Mimgbf 
is Parfone of it. This is Bangor wher the great Abbay was. 
A Parte of this Paroch, that is as much aslyith beyond D« 
on theNorth fide, is y n « ' Walfihi Marlor^ and that is as half 
the Paroche of Bangor. But they Abbay ftoodcyn Tn^ljfljfl 
jMdihr on the hither and /8 South Side of Dee. And ic [is] 
pIoughidGrofwnd now] where the Abbay was by th[e Space] 
of a good H^a/fch Myle, » and they plough up Bones of the 
(.Monkes, and in RemembraunceJ were dig[gid up Pecis of 
thevr Clothes in Sepulturs.] The Abbay ftoode in a faire 
Valley, and Dee ran by it. The Ctimpace of it was as of a 
waullid Toune, and yet remaynith theName of aOatecauUid 
Forth Hogan by North, and the Name of a nothcr caullid 
Fori Clays by South. Dee fyns chaunging the Botom rennith 
now thoroug the mydle betwyxt thes a Gates, one being 
a Mile dim, ttom the other, and yn this Grounde be plou^d 
up Foundations of fquarid Sconys^ and Fiomajne Money n 
founde there, lower , 

Beneth Bangor y ftil on the South fide of Dee Ryver is a 
Paroche caullid ^r^A#«rfrf, I'mWalchGuothumbre ^ having 
a faire Chirch, but as a Membre to Bangor. 

Hanmere Paroche lyith South Eft on Oureton^ Bangor^ and 
U^rthemtre ; but fo that thefe j. ly bitwixt it and Dee Ryver, 

Market 

And fum Parte of this yoinith apon iWhit-Ckirche Paroche 
in Shrofjhire^ but in the Egge oi Chefierjhire^ and apon Mai- 
faffe. This Hanmere is a very large Paroche, and hath a 
greate deale more Riches then al the Rcfidew of Engl$fcb 
M^lor. 

ti Walfche Mar/or'] L. TTa/che May/or. fi Southerly Part of 
Dee B. y Still lower on the Southe St. B. 4 Dsfunt B. 
t Mfit-ChitreheV^nche a Market in Shropjh'tre St, Whit-Cburch 
Markett a Paroch in Shropjhire B. 

1 Watfbhe Mtylor. '* 4»i , . . thej there ought to be a Mcac» betwecQ 
thefe two wordi, which is fupplifd by Scow tmi)9t $h^. 

Jn 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 31 

In OuretoM is meately good Woode, Come and Pafture, 
and ftandith fumwhat on nycr Grouna then Bswg^r or H^er- 
themhe. Bangor hath goode Come and Pafture, but lide or 
noWoode, andlyichaiyn «f Valleys, and in If^itfim^f no 
Woode but good Come and Fafture. J 

Hanmere Paroche hath good Plenty of Wood, Come, Me- Fol. i^ 
dow and Pafture : and by Hamnere Chirch is a greate Pole 
aboute a Mile yn Lenght, and half a Myle yn Bredth. And 
every Gentilman hath there his fayre Pooles. There is a XL . 
Gentilman yn this Paroch that have praty Landes. 

mPfl/ion Knight hath much Land yn Hamnere^ but his chefe 
Howie is ynlf^hemire Paroche at a Place caullid Emerbaule. 

Hanmere Knight dwellith at Hanmer^ and yn that Paroch 
be ^aliquot of the Hattmers that hath Landes. 

There is a greate More in Hanmore cawllid of fum the 
FeTfnys* 

Dymok dwellith at Haulton. 

Edward Pilfton Sunne to the Knight dwellith yn Ottretom 
Paroche at CoitegoUe. 

EBys of Richard dwellith yn Bangor at A/re on Dee South 
Syde, a tair Hous. 

John Broughton dwellith yn Worthetnire Parodie at 
Broughton. 

Al this Englifch Majlor tho [it ly] not hard on Flywtjhire^ 
but h[ath Waljhe'] Mailor betwixte it and [JPlynt^ yet it long- 
ith to i Flyntejhire^ [and they] cum to Seffions to Flynte. 

Yet they have Liberte in t[oken of] the olde Caftel to 
kepe a P[rifoner] 3- Dayes at Oureton^ and fo to [fend hym 
to Flynt.'] 

WaUh Maylor 
caullid yn Englifch Bromefeld lying on the North Side of De^ 
lower on Dee then Tale^ and yoining hard apon Tale. It lyith 
Eft apon Holt Bridge, the which devidith Chefierjhire fronv 
Bromefelde^ Flintjhtr liyth y North on it. D'^n Cluit lyith 
Weft on it. And Englifch Mailor^ alias Idailor Sefneg^ id eft 
Saxonica^ lyith South on it. 

« Anthony k Wood has written Pulifton in the Margin of 
Mr. Burton's Cofy. fi ^Twas firft of aU written dyvers ; tut 
afterwards altered by Mr. Leland's own Hand. Mr. Stowe, 
who did not underfland Latin very weU^ hath made it al not. 
y More Nof th on it B. 

I [Valleys and in Worthembre] no Woode but [good Gornc and Pafture] 
a -Pl/iuefthure and] cum to. 

Brome- 



, 



|ft LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Brmefeld U a plaync Counterv, and hath gppd Plcnqrof 
Wood, and goodc Cornc and Pafturc ; and Sc-Ccdes at Hir- 

W0od. and at a Place caullid /Af Mnes. . «. 

The bcft Woodc of Aromefild is yn IU^^mt, a l^a|^ «• 
roch, by Part wherof !><? cummith. There is a goodQQam 
of O rinding-Stonys y n Ruahon Paroch. 

7*^ ritf/^ is a praty riche Walfche Toune, govcnudtqra I 
Mairc. having ons a Yere a Fair, but furely now np jp4^»«e | 
Market. Yn it is a praty Chirch, and a goodly Caftel. He I 
Chirch is but a Chapel to Gw/Wf . , ^ . ^ , 

Qr0iford9 is as fairc a Chirche as iVrevham^ having aSc^ 
of vii. fcorc Foote hy. befide the 4. Pinnadid • rTowcis* 
# This Chirch is a a. Miles from the ... . *!??*?[ 
t>e . . . * cum * . . . litle .... Chiidi 
. • . • n to . . . if a . . . . th . ^^. . • 
ce • • • • he • . . t to • . • ; andc . 

Wrexham^ trculy caullid Wr'ightelejbam^ is the ondy Mar- 
ket Towne of Walfch Maylor^ having a goodly Chirch Colle- 
giate, as one of the fairefl of all North^Wales^ and is a !• 
Miles above the Holt on the fame North Side of the Ryver. 
There longgith no Prebcndes to it. though it be collegiatid. 
There be lum Marchauntes and good Bokeler Makcn. 

b 
There cummith a Broke caullid yFemto thorough the 
Toune. Wrexham is 3. Miles North from b* Ryver. Thcr 
be a. other Paroches \}Bromefeld^ and fo in all 4.] 
. , Waters in Bromefeld. 

jilen. 

Ruededoc Broke, having good Trouttes, cummith in one 
Place withyn a CWrter ofa Myle of Wrexham^ and goitb 
a ynto D&e a Mile above the Holte Caftel. 

Aion that cummith by Ruahon Chirch Waul, and after ren- 
nitig Iclle ihen a Myle goith into Dee. 

Fyllffft^n the Knight nath a faire Maner yn Gresfarde Pa- 
roch at LLaj by marying an Heyre Doughter to one of the 
Hantmre, 



et Towers^ L. Tover. fi Thefe broken Words are -wanting In 
St, and fo are moft of them in B. y Wenoro St. ^ ILr in 
Bromefeld* 



I Tower. % ynto Dc. 

Job» 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 33 

John Eyt(ft » dwellith yn Ruahon. 

John PyBefton Sergeant at Armes hath a Manor and Place 
withyn half a Myle of fPrexham at Marfche. 

Tale Lordfliip 
yoinith to BromefeU upon the farther fide oi De Ryver^ and 
there is no Parte of it on the hither Side of Dee. There is 
in it a 4. or 5. Paroches, wherof the mofte famofe is LLan-^ 
armon^ i. e. fdnum Germani^ and LLan Tegla^ i. e. fanuta 
TecU. 

Create Pilgretnage and Offering was a late to S. Armon. 

laLanegfphtfie^ alias VaUis Cruets^ ys yn Tale half a Myle 
from Dee Ripe. 

Dinas Brane Ciiftel on a Rokky Hille ftondith almoft as 
neere as VaUis Cruets to Dee Ripe, and going up on De Water 
is fumwhat lower then the Abbay. 

Owen Gl'tndour had a Place yn Tale apon the North Side 
of De cauUid Ragarth v. Mile above Dinas Brane. 

Almoft in th6 midle Way betwixte LLdne^ Whifl and 
Ritkyn appere i>efifgia of a Caftel of Owen Glinaour (as it is 
faide) caiUlid Keuen De^ i. e. the Bakke of the Blake HilUj 
wher now Shepardes kepe Shepe* 

Chirk and Chirkland lye by South on l)^ dgayne Tale. Co 
that De for a fpace devidith Tale and Chirke. 

The hole Soile of Tale is rokky ^nd by that not thoroiighly 
f ruteful of Corne, yet yn di verfe ^ J?laceis and Valley is betwixt 
Hilles is meately good Corne, Medow and Pafture,and efp^- 
cially for Corne aboute LLaneghwifie^ and LLanarmon. 

In Tale ys Plenty of Kyne, Shepe and Gotes. 

John LLued dwellith in L»Lan Teglas Paroche* 

Edwarde LLued y n LLanarmon. 

There is meately good Wood yn the Valley Places of TaJei 
iand efpecialJy at LLaneg Whijl^ alias ydllis Cruets. The 
Montaynis of Tale ftanding North be baren of Wood; The 
People there for the more part 3 bren Turffis. 

De Ryver cummith by the Side of Tale as limes betwixt it FoI. -5. 
^nA Chirk. 

Th6 greateft Watejr befide be that is yn any Patte of Tale 
is Alen that rifith in LLin Alen. I'his -^^/^» rennith doune 
from Wette to Eft firfte to LLantegla^ to LLanarmon^ to 
LLanuerrys yn Tale, thens into Molefdale Lordfliip, at a 
Place wherof caullid Hefpalen it rennith into the Grounde by 
the Space of a Quarter of a Myle, and there is a Marche be- 
twixt Moledale and Flynte. and after rifing departith ftille 



X dwellid. % PUcis. 3 brennp. 

Vol.. 5* £ by 



34 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

bv V. PFalfcbi Miles in Cuinpafe Molefdale frcfcn Ffymtfhifi* 
Thenfe thorough Hopi Dah^ a Lordfliip perteining to FlynU 
TChens Ytito BramrfelJ^ oli^s Mai/ar Camr^e^ and half a Mile 
beneth Hoh-Bridg into De.^ This Water hath mervelus 
good and greate Trouttes. 

Chirk and ChtrkelanJe. 

Chirki and Cblrkelanie lyith on the hither Side by Sottth of 
J>9 agaynfte Tale^ and Wefte of it upper on De hither Ripe 
lyith a Commotne of Meriamthjhir caullid uDermon^ and 
maine South of this Chirke in fum Place touchith Ftys Lande. 
There is never a Market Toun in this Lordfliip. At Cbirk 
felf be a few Houfes, and there is on a fmaul Hille a mighty 
large and ftronge Caftel with dy vers Towers^ a late wellc 
repayrcd by Syr tVytHam Stanielij^ the Yerle ot Darifs Bro- 
ther. 

There hath beene a. Parkes. One yet remaynith caullid 
Blake Park. Keriog Ryverct cummith on the south fide of 
Cbirk Caftel. De Ryver is withyn a Myle of the North 
fide of it. 

The mofte » Part of Cbirk and ChirkelanJ on the South to- 
ward ?oys Lanie is great Plenty of mervelus good Woodde, 
and thorough reafonable Wood. Moch of tne Lordfiiip ys 
Hylly, but yn Valleys by De and Keriog good Come and 
Medow, and in fum other Places. 

This Lordefliip or Lordfhips in Waijch is caullid Guaine^ and 
is devidid into L<m and H^ Guayne. 
IPoI, j-^ fi Genttlmen of Chirke. 

Trevor dwelling in Cbirk Paroche at y Place' Nevith. 

Edwards Sunne dwelling not far from Chirk Caftel. 



d 

Molefdale yn Walfch caullidlSttttzltn. 
In Molefdale is but one greate Paroche caullid Ploube tPa-^ 
roche" iPrtothegrig of fum communely Molefdale. there longe 



« Dermion St' fi Defunf in St. ttfjue ad Molefilale ya 
Walfch &c. y Deefi B. #1 Stredalen St. Strctidcn B. 
• Deefi^. 



s Parte. 

3,Cha- 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ?? 

3. Chapelles onto it. Sum fay that 

Molefdaie was ons a Market Toune. « There be a. Fayresyct 

Yet it hath the Name of a Maire, and kept at MoUfdale^ out the 

a ereate Numbre of Houfes be withowt Wekely Market is decayed". 

toKen almoft deftroyed, and there hath 

beene 2. Streates^ as Strsate Byle^ and Streate Dadlede in 

Walfch^ ill Englifch the Court Houfe Streate^ byfide other litle 

Lanes. Now in al be fcant 40. Houfes. At the North Ende 

of By/e Streate appere Diches and Hilles yn tokyn of an 

auncient Caftel or Buildinge there. It is now caullid 

e 

fiMont Brenebyly^ and on the Side of it is a fayre Springe. 
^enRyvtr cummith withyn a Bou Shot of Molefdale Cnirche. 
And at the Southe Ende of the Towne is a Rylle caullid 
yHoune^ and fone after rennith ititoAlen. 

^Robert Edwardes a Gentylman dwellith at 

on the Side of j^en yn Molefdale^ having Plenty of Wood 
and goodly Medow by Alen fide. The Wood thens is ca- 
ried to Cheftre a vi. Miles of. 

Mofte Parte of the Paroch is meately level Grounde, hav-. 
ing befide otherThinges very good Come. And there be Cole 
Pittes a 3. Quarters of a Mile ffom Molefdalde Toune. 

t ^ngL EUys 

Hthel Griffith dwellith on the North Side, fcant a Quarter 

a Grore 

of a Mile from Molefdale Toune ? at a Place caullid LLoen 
Egrine. 

John Wenne ap Roierte dwellid at a Stone Touer caullid 
BroncoH^ alias Regnaultes Towre^ 9. Quarters of a Mile from 
Molefdale Toune. Ther cummith a litle Ryllet by this Square 

Toure caullid and a Quarter oif a Myle be-» 

neth the Tour goith into Alen defcending^rom Weft to Efte, 

There is a nother Water in Molef- 
dale caullid Avon Terrtg almoft as byg Terrig KyvcT cummitli 
as Alen. Yet goyng from Weft to thorough a Peace of Tale or 
North-'Eft it goith ynto Alen. it cum into Molefdale. 



M DefuntSt. fi Mount Brcnlebyly St. More Brenbilie B. 
y Hounte St. ^ Several things are here wanting in Stowe. 
f Ellis GrifiGth tantummodo in B. ( Defunt In p* vfiue ai 
Ther cummith a.litle Ryllet &c. 



ABgl, Elyf. 
t Ithel Grifidi. 

%% So 



3(S LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

So that by Springges and Rylles this 

^ There be other fmauUe Paroch beyng yn Lenght a v. Myles is 

Ryllettys yn Molefdale'. « wel fervid of Water and of dyvers 

other good « thynges. 
Mplefdak lyith y North on Hofefdale^ and Tale lyeth Weft 
on it. Flyntjhire lyith North on it, and Ardin by Eft. 
Fol. 38. iiofe^ alias §iuene Hofe^ Lprdfliip, longging chefely to the 
King. It conteynith but one iParoche. The Ground ys Hilly, 
In the Valleys, is iiieately good Corne. Alen Ryver cum-r 
mithe thorough ir. In it be alfo other obfcure Rylles. The 
Toune of Hope now decayid was fumtime burgeud and prir 
vilegid, and is caullid yn Walfch Cairgorles. Ther ftonde yet 
greate Walks of a Caftel (et on J'Hylle, wher be diggid 
good Mille Stonis of a blew Girthe. 
Ofweftre xii. Miles North Weft from Shrohheshyrt. 
It is from Traflon^ alias the Walfche Pole^ xi i . Miles. 
From Wrexefham x. Miles. 
From White^Chireh in Shrobhesjhire xii. Miles. 
From Ofweftre to Wrexham x. Miles, and thens the Hy? 
Way to Cfoefter viii. Miles. 
From Ruthine xv^ Mile, ^nd fo to Denbigh v. Mile, 
From Flynt Caftelle xx. Miles. 

From EUefmere, wher was a Caftelle, and very feire Polis 
yet be. EUefmere hath a 4. Steates of meately good Buildi 
ing, privilegid with ii. Faires, but no cummun Market now. 
FoI.3P* The Site of ^Croixofwalde is on a Plain in a V?illey xir, 
long Miles by Champain having almoft no Wood North-« 
Wefte from Shreushyri. \ 

The 3 Cumpace of the Towne withy n the WauUe is aboute 

a Mile. f»rtene»hh 

by Soi^th, There be 4 Gates, the i New Gate 

by South Eft toward to The Blake Gate^ alias Vortdee. 

^Shfotsbyrt* The 3. Betertchs Gate, unde (^ vhi 

I^orth Eft toward Chefter, nomen ^^« duett in urhem^ 

u 

NorthWcft toward theMon- The 4 9 Wylliho Gate^ alias Mo^^ 

9i Well ferved, as alfoe with Wood, and divers other 
good Thinges B. fi DefuntB, y South B. 4 An Hille B. 
% Vortncwith fohmmodo in St. In B. autem fie legitur: Th^ 
NeW'Gate^ Port Newith by South, the Blacke- Gate Sec. t Qua 
in B. n WuUiho St. & B. ^^C^ 



i Thinges. 1 Cfoixpluualde. 3 Compace. 4 Shrpbby^/. 



tm 



LELAND'S ITINERARY, ^7 

tarn Gate, quia per earn ad vicinos mon" taine of Penliin in Merion- 
tes Hur quarta mtUiarii forte dtjiantes. neth. 

There be no Towers in the WauUes befide the Gates. 
The Tounne is dikid about and Brokettes ren ynto it. 
The Chirch of S. Ofipalde is a very faire leddid Chirch 
with a great tourrid Steple, but it ftandith without the New* 
Gate-y fo that no Chirch is there withy n the Towne. This 
Chirche was fumtime a Monafterie caullid the ff^tite Mmfier. 
After turnid to a Paroche Chirch, and the Perfonage im- 
. propriate to the Abbay of ShreushyrL The Cloifter ftoode 
in hominum memoria uht monumenta monachorum. The Place 
and Streate wer-the Chirch ftandithe is caullid StretUan. 

There be Chapelles clene without the Suburbes. One 
betwixt StratUan and Vortk de. The fe- ^ ^^,, ^ o ^ • *, . - 
cund without the fame Suburbe within ^^Sf;^""\.V ''''n^'^ ^ J 
a Bow Shot of S. Ofwalde. The 3. r.^.ti'i^'''^^^^^ 
North Eft toward cV^r. Ther be ^J'l^^^^''''^'^'' The?, of S. 
withyn the Towne a x. notable Screates. •^«'^^^- 
The q. moftc notable Streates be : The Crojfe » Streate^ uhi 
Crux lapidea. The Bayly Streate^ uhi forum maximum & 
mercatores. The ^. the Nero-Gate ^Streate. 

The Houfes withyn the Towne of The Bouth HauUe of D*mm 

Qfwejire be of Ty mbre and Slatid. Ty mber.a fair Houfe^ civica^ 

There is a Bayly and Sergiantes. ftandith by the Caftef. 

Ther is a Caftelle fette on a Mont be Madocus, filius Meredoci, 

likelihod made by hand and dichid by Princeps Poifix^cajirum^utai^ 

South Weft betwixt Beterice Gate and unt^pofuit, Extat turris inCa^ 

JViUiho Gate, to the wich the Town ^ro nomine Madoci Et ibidem 

Waul cummith, camera Richardi 2. regis^ con-- 

The Towne ftandith moft by Sale of ^ruSfa pqfi cadem Amndov^lii 

Cloth made in J^/^/. l^fa^majeflatis condemnati^ 

There is a Pre Schole on the South Weft Side of the 
Chirch made by one Davy Holheche a o r -.u ^ ^i.* ^ . . 
Lawier,ScewardoftheTownandLorde. aJ^^^}^^ *!? ^^'^ 
|liip and gave x. //. Land to it. '^^^^ ^^^'^ ^* y^ ^"^^^ 

Tnere be 4. Suburbes. The greateft wherin be iiii. F0I.410. 
Streates, thus caullid, StrateBan-^ the fecunde Suburbe Strete 
Wulltho ; the 3. Beteriche, wher be many Barnes for Corne 
andHayto the Number of a VII. Score feveral Barnes, The 

with other Howfes 
4. Blake Gate Streate, and ther be a xxx. Barnes for Corne 
iongging to the Tonnes men. There goith thorowg the 



I Screait Hbi Carx. % Sir^t. 9 Ma^tllatji. 

Town 



b8 leland's itinerary. 

Cambr. Town by the Crofle a Broke cum- 

Avam Crois. Cros Brook, ming from a Place caullid SrwMix ]P^&, 
Fair Walkes about St. O/- a Bow Shot without the Waulle hj 
9aldes Welle. North-Weft. This Broke cummith in 

S. Ofwaldes Wei is a Bow thorough the Waulle betwixt WuUih$ 
Shot from S.Ofioaldes Chirch Gate and Nev^Gate^ and (6 renning 
in the Feldes South Weft, thorough the Townej^and^goithoutc 
Fatulantur aquilam hachlum under the Blak-Gate. 
Qfwaldi ^/Sf //e fneripuife^ Ther is a Brook caullid Betteriek^ by- 
ftd excidjffe ei ^uo loco nunc caufe it rennith thorough a Bridglet of 
fons eftJupeTJffttone nufcr ce^ Tymber at Beterfch-Gate. 
lehris. Ther is a Chapel over The ^ . goy th under the Stone Bridges 
it of tymber and the Foun- of Wulli-Gate^ NcwGate and BMe^ 
tcin cnvironid with a Stone Gate. Then go they all ^. with Crojfe 
Wall. Broke a Mile lower by South Weft to 

Morda Ryver. 
Morda rifith in a Hille caullid LLavfuarda wher was a 
Chirch now decaid. Sum fay this was the Paroch Chirch 
of Ofweftre. 

The Soile about Ofweftre is playn, except toward the 

North Weft into « Merionlthjhlre fruteful of Corne andGrafle. 

rr^«»^ o Xl^^Cn\y Thcrc be Wooddes toward Whltig- 

nsZm^ I Onlrr^r nf <, ^^» ^^ in the Lordfhipe of ALLouen- 

^'^* The Toune or Caftelle of Hene Di- 

nas ftandith apon a rounde Hillet aboute half a Mile in Cum- 
pace. Ther be iii. greate Diches in the Botom of the Hil- 
let cumpafing it, and in the Toppe of the Hille now grow 
great Treas of Oke. The cpnimune People fey that ther was 
9mDmmfA Cite withy n thofe Diches. I think rather a Campe of Men 
^V*^ of War, wneras * paventure was the Campe vhen Penda and 
*'"*^ Ofwaldes did fight. There is a nother Hillet of cafte Yerth 
bytwixt it and Ofwefter not far from Dinas felf. 

The Town of l^ittngton is a gret Mile North Eft from 
Hene Dinas. It is a Village in a Valley conteining a hun- 
derith Houfes^ and hath a dichid round Caftelle not very 
large in the midle of the Village. 
FoL^T. There be yn Cairarvonfliire ix. Hundredes or Commotes. 

LLechweddiJfa and Cteythjn. Crethin is fo much of the 

K Deefi B. jS LLav^n dene dinas B. 
I Merionuhiherc. % peraventur«« 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. , 

Hundrede of LLechweddiJfa as is on the hither fide of C^n- 
vey River. This Hundrede ftrecchith on the Shore of the 
falte Water to a litle above Fenmain Vaute that is a 4. Miles 
above Onmay. Conway Toune is yn this Hundrede, 

LLeelnpe/iha Hundrede goith up on the Shore onto Avon 
Gegyn » beyond Tenryne wher Mr. Grsjith dwellith. One of 
the notableft thinges in this Commote is Ahnruyime Greghy 
wher was a Maner x)r litle Pile of the Princes ox Wales. 



» 



Ifcurvay Hundrede ftretchith from 
Abregyn by Shore to Avon #8 Guru ay. In 
this Hundrede is Bangor and CairArvon 
and Dolehaterne Caftel. In this Hun- 
dred is token of an old Manor Place. 
Llais yn Dynorwek wher one Syr Grifith 
LLoid lay in King Edwarde the fi firft, 
andbringeinghymTydingsoftheByrth 
y with Edward Catrarvon was rewardid with this Lande 
fum fay. It is yn the middle of the Hundrede. 



In the olde Toun cfCasr 
SaUogy alias Calrfaint or Se* 
genty2ipptrc ^Partes of theold 
Caftel yn the old Tounc, of 
the wicheCaftelisfauUen in- 
to the Haven fait. Water In 
tldsHixniitedinDinasEmifys* 



as 



tHughecurvay Hundered goith from above Guuay Water 
onto Boulchryvel the Top of the Hille by Fbrfigers Valley. 
Clunnok Vaur is yn this. 

^ I Dynllayen Hundrede goith up from BouleM-^ 
vel to a litle above the Paroch of FenUecbe. 
Neuyne is yn this Hundrede. 

Comote Majne Hundrede fo caullid of a Hille 
namid Vwch Menmth yn LLene. Ahedaren 

and Berdefaj t,\& yn this 

• • . , is the Ground to the Shore. 

Al LLene is as it were a Pointe into the Sc.' 
and yn the hole is 3, Commotes, of the which 
this is the very Point into the Se. 

G^f/^fw Hundrede goith from the Ende of 
Uwch Mennitb en Commot mayne towarde Traitb'' 



The 3. Commotes 
touching LLeene, 



M Gcurney B. fi Tyme addit B. y Of for with /» St. ^ Hudi- 
egcurvay St. • A great many things are here wanting in B. Z Is in tfis, 
the Ground &c. with a comma after this in St. In the Orig. 'tis as I 
have fublijb'd it^ only hetween is yn this, and is the Ground was firfi of 
all written^ A hcle fide of Crege eryre is yn this but the great Parte is 
the Ground &s. which Mr. Leland afterwards ^ruck out himfelf. 



I beyound. i part^of.* 



mA«t 



40 LELAND'S ITINERARYi 

I maur as far as Ahreircbe. la this Comifiot if 

yxVulthely. 

HsMonhh Commote ftrecchith onto Traitmaure where 

Abreglafllynne devidich. So that but Parte of Tyaitbmaur\% 

ya it. In this is Crek'tth Caftel and Focretoun. 

Fol.4&. Nant Convey Hundrede is by the Side of Cormay Ryver^ 

. . and goith upward to the Hed ot the Ryver Weftward. In it 

HfJ^^So&y^^ a V. Paroches, Dolewlthelan^ ?enmachno^ Bettus^ LLoM 

u ue 

RRychwln and Treureui 

Hundredes of Merionithfliire* 

Ardudwy ftrecchith from half Traitmaur to Ahtrma?m on 
the Shore « xii . At the Mowth of Maw Ryver lyith a litle 
Iflet fcant a Bow fliot over withowte habitation. At Ebbe 
it is frefch Water aboute, and at Fludde fait. 

There be dy ver Rivers yn this Commot that entre the Se* 

Harlanche Caftel and Market Toune yn this Hundrede. 

Kemmer Abbay is yn this Hundrede. 

Ther be a x. Paroches yn it. 

This Hundrede is devidid into z. Partes, Hwwch Artro and 
Iffeartro of Artro River that goith into the Se about a Mile 
above Harleche that is yn Ijfe Artro. 

Kemmer in Huwch Artro. 

This Commot nor no Part of Mertomthjhire lyith in Crege ' 
Ery. So that though this Shire be Montanius, yet is al Cre- 
gety yn Cairarvonjhir. 

Wher this Commot is longefte uplandwarde/8it xvi. Miles. 

Towarde the Se fide and low Partes is fumme good Come. 

Meate good Plenty of Wood in this Commot* 
p 
Frf «. yTalehnte Hundred touchith from Ahermaw a litle upon 
the Shore. The Refidew faving this Point is yn the upland 
toward Keniliauc yn Foyjlande^ and there juftely marchith on 
Keniliauc. It is a viii. Mile yn Lenght, and vi. yn Bredth. 
The beft Corne yn this is toward the Se. It hath meately 
good Plenty of Wood. 

thU 

iDolgeUhe is the beft Village in this Commote. 

tt Adde Myles cum St. fi Adde is cum St. y Talepbonte 
St. ^ Dolgellhe tantummodo in Sc. & B» 



Pulihclly. 



LELAND'B ITlNERARV. %i 

Commote Tfymaneir ftretchith from the Pont of TaMont 
to the very Mouth of Deuj. It is by the Shore a ijc. or x* 
Miles, It cummith by mMarib in Uplandto the very Bridge 
of MahencUf^ and it yoinith alfo on KeniliaHC in P«/x land. 

In this Commote is 21wrf». 

This Commote hath good Corne, but meanly woddid as 
towzrd fi^Miehenclif. , .-»^ • 

Wher now the wilde Se is at the Mouth of Deuj^ and -^ 
farther into the Scj were ons %. Commotes of good plenti- 
ful but low GroUnde cauUid Cairtn Gmajlode^ i. e. terra de*- 
mtjfa vel fubpdens flanitie^ now cleene catin away. 
tk 

Commote yVenttine lyith al up in the Lande, and marchith fo!*44« 
on Talehont^ and Ardudwy^ and Dernion Commotes of itfm- 
onitl^ire^ and apon the Lordfhip of Mouthey yTLFotpOTtde. 
arid apon Parte of Denlnghland. 

In this Commote is LUn 72»^ the Hed of Dee Ryvef. 

bale a litle Doore Market is yn this Commote withyn a 
Jitle of the Heade.of I.I./»»f/^* 

Much Wood yn this Commote, ' 

Litle Come. 

Plenty of Pafture* 

There be great Hilles yn this Commote* 

t Mr. Grffibb of Termone*. 

Mouthey is now adjedt as a nother Commote to Meriontth-' 
Jhire. 

%Deyrmon Commote lyith thus on the Eft fide of ^Fenth-' 
tiney and hath on the North iide DenUgbland^ and Tale on 
the North Eft fide, and hath on the South fide Fovis Lande^ 

Demion Commote the befte woddid of al Jderionitfojhir. 
, It hath yn the greate Valley by De River good Corne# 

ItbredithgoodHorfis, ' ""- 

In this Commote ys the Ruine of Tbure* HM$i§iitji.9i 

t nomen v^i ^fttm ttmitm 

Kenvyn^ nowcaullidrrA«M/»r, ■ 

Owen Gljndour dwellid yn this Commot* 



« March upland St. fi L. Mahenciif> y Penthlline iSir, 
B. I Defunt St. • Deyrmion B. X, f ciithfliire St. n Jhefe 
two Words above the Line are omitted in Su and B* 



Vol. f . F tUelin 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 



reJik bad Owm. Owfm had of al U^ales^ bad Gr»bi. Gr'^b bad 
EJmmdfErlcodtkbemcmle^ LLMttm. LLuelm htd CM^trme his 
and G#ftfr Erie of P«rfr«*e. Heire. Csiarhe hzd Eleatm. Bkmtor 
EdmmJe had Bimj the vii. had H0l€n§ and * CMarime. This JFfe^ 
Hemry was, as I hard, poft- lene was Mother to OnHn GSmJamr^. i 
b\xam» I^ Cmrarvati/bite in Ibrnkcttruff Com- 

mote is iS I j^L/is Sbedmarcben^ y wher the ^ say w^ij i g ijlKmif, 
and ther of it hath the Name as of a fuimming Swardi of 
Ycrth. 

FoL 4;, & 46. vacant. 

r9i«47. Markf Tbwftes m Cairarvonlhir» 

Comity* 

Bangor yn Ifairvaj Hundred hath ii. ^Fayrea YYere, but 
skant a Market every Weke. There rennith a Htle Rylle 
thorou^ Bangor. 

Cairarvon apon the hither Side of Segent River, in jP 
rirn;#y Hundrede. 

HbTPjis of Religion. 

Conwey Abbey* 

EmfenthU, 

Beibkottartb. 

A Priory of White Freres by Bangor dedicate to yefu. 

There were ons White Freres at Ktbyn yn Dmrm dah. 

Mr. Garter told me that Gway of Ritbin emong the Armes 
of bis Auncetor CTvith the Armes erf the Lord Bttbrnn of Birr- 
$Mne in [FrMmce. wherefore loke] wither any of the [Name] 
of the Robans were ever Lord ofRMtbinj or wither it tdke 
Nameofhym. 

Al 0«f tf«yri is Foreft. 

The beft Wood of Cairarvonjhir is by Glhmo Kledder^ 
and by Glin LZAtgby^ and by Ofoi Kiryk^ and $z LLat^eris. 
Meately good wood aboute Conwey Ablmy, and Fenmiehfi^ 



m Draindon in B. atfyiMt Qmus fufra lin. (k LLen thed* 
marchen^f.LLisiY«dwardieaB. y jMeirenmB* l2>- 
1^^ in the YeareriMi B* ' 



c 
t Uiaydwaicfteo; % Fayrct a^Terr* 



ttd 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
aad about Offtmore^ and Coitefarkt by Bangor^ and yn other 
many Places* 

In Ll^ene and Uiomth is licle Wood. 

Calrarv$njhir9 aboute the Shore hath reafonablc ^ood 
Come, as abouth a Mylc upland from the Shore onto CMrmr" 
von. Then more upwarde be Erjri Hiilej, and in them 
ys very licle Come, except Otcg in fum Places, and a 
litle Barle, but fcantly Rye, If ther were the Deere wold dc- 
ftroye it. 

But in LLeene and « Hinkmtt is good Come, both by 
Shore and almoft thorough Uflatul. 



4) 



Ther is but a Bridge 
betuixt thcs two. 

In thefe i. Pooles 
be redde bely Fifches 
caullid Tborgoughe^ id 
eft, thori aut feSoris 
firuhei. There be alfo 



thennyne^ and yn L»L.in 
Boladullnne. y They 
be taken yn thefe * 3. 
Poles yn ordre, and 
taken yn one not fene 
yn the other", 



Lynnes. 
Litme Dolkaeme a. 
Miles in lenght, and a 
iiim. Mile yn credth. 

iLitme Peris a Myle 



yn Lenghte* Segent iCasrarv9n.Atid ly in 



of them yn LLin Tar- % cummith firft thorough 



LLinn Verts ^ and a Bow 
Shotte of ynto Dolhatem 
Poole. 

• Unne D$ndhpuc no- 
thing fo bigge as > Lsnne 
^ery. J 

Boladulynne is yn Hugh Curvay Hundrede, a vi. Miles 
beyounde. 



Foi^f. 



AlynthePtroch 
of Verts. V. Milet 
Eft South Eft from 



valleis Weft North 
Weft from LLmm 
fern. 



M Hirmonith B. $ Rubri B. y Thefe Wards^ as well ssfme others 
in this flace. are omitted ky Stowe. * a. Pooles in order, and taken in 
the one and not feene in the other B. I So in the Original^ which is 
firangely written and interlined By Mr. Leland, and is hardly legitle in 
this and fome of the following Leaves ; hut in Mr. Stowe {who alter d 
things according to his own mind^ and torrufted divers words which be 
could not read) ^tis, LLine Peris, alias VaJIis monachus, a Myle ka 
Lengthe. Segent cummithe &c. In Mr. Burton's Cofy *tis mdyafieA 
thus : LLin Vcvis^ alias Nant Manacu, id efi^ Vallis monachus, about 
a Mile in length. Segent cometh ^c. • Mr. Burton's Qopy c^rmfSs 
this {as well as fome other f laces) thus: LLin Doudhone^ Enothin, Toe 
bigge as ^c. 



I Linne Perys Tarthennyncand ynllyn. 

F» 



^LUnu 



I 



44 



Al thefe be yn the 
Hunderede or Com- 
mote of JfcurvMy^ 
and al the greace 
mibaw Hille is^ 
holely in this Com- 
mote. This Hille is 
i radiclhis a 5. Miles 
to the Toppe. 

Eomnm £lafe 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

. ft LLinneTarthennyhe 4. or y. Miles from Cmr^ 

Cstrsrvon. ^^^^^ ^y South. It is a one Mile y n Lenght lying 

in a Valley^ and a dim. Myle yn Bredth. 

Lhme iUm csdir yrychen a Quarter of a Myle 
twtry way. 

Ij«vfI>/«if/EffiimVagoodMilein Lenght, and 
a dim. Mile in bredthe. 

$Limne Guinanhal a good Mile from Uime 
DinM a Myle long and a dim. in bredth. 
. LUn LIs9ddan about a MiUe in lenght. 

LUmne Ogwejne almoil a Mile yn lenght in 
LLechuuetb veha^ u t. fuferior Hundreds. 

Liime Mam Avon a ficle Poole in JLLecb^ 
uuetheveha.zlio. 

LLiwte Idwalle a (maule Pole wher they fay 
that IdwaBc Prince of IFales was killid and droun- 
id, 'Tis yn Nant Frdnco Valley. 

yLUnne Dulinne not half a Myle in Lenght, 
fill of Stones, in LLecbuuett Iffa^ i. e. inferior 
Huudnde. 

Linne Tre almoft a Mile yn lenght in LLecb^ 
uuet Iffa Hundrede. 
Few or no Pooles C LLinne CoUuid a Mile from Xge Poole South- 
notheryniLe^^nor-^ward a good "Mile yn Lenght in LLechuuef 
yn fJemonitb. C Ifa. 

"^ wrfwj/, Hille. 



i the 



Ifithaw yn tTie hyeft 
Parte by Eft Eryri 
and nere LLeddan. 
Jhwmom do Founan 
Qusfi. 

BlakPoQie. 

Both in t\it Parocb 
of Cairbene^ 



Al yn Nant Con- 
muey Hundrede or 
Commote. 



V93U Th. 

Linne I Doltoithelan Paroche on a Hille fideii^ 
Nant Conuuey Hundrede. 
a litle ponde 
\Unne Kledder Fonnony alias Livtn LJLughy^ a 



u Ercchingi St. Vrychen {fine ingi) in B. fi LLinguinan half a 
good Mile B. y LUn Denline^ Black Poole^ not half a Mile ^c. B. 
a Tbd Words over tbe Line are omitted in St. & B. • Lynne Kledder 
apone Afonbon alias, Unn LLughy a Quarter ^c. St. male. Voces 
fufraiin. omifiB^ * 



I Llinne Tvthcnnync, 



Quarter 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 4y 



/S Both in lJj0i 



Quarter of a Mile yn Lenght. 

Linne Cravenant a good Myle in Leneht, a ii.'^ 
Miles South from Conwej Aboay in a Valley. 

LLin Enog^ LLin Eife a litle diftant afunder. 

UfrMRifcogbGtuixLLugkyzndKIeJJer. 

LLin Gerionith a Mile yn Lenght and more, 

[LLin Thervenid halfe a Mile in lengthe, not 
far from Gerionith.'] K 

Cafiette$ in Cair Arvonfhire* ' 

Hegannow yn Cryden. 

Compey. etjuei 

Tre Cafiel^ alias Cajiel yMarchog a Fonon. 

Treurewe (a Myle from 0?»?P5'^ Abbay) y/hcre LLuelen hy 
that maried Jane^ King John's Doughtre. It ftondith on 
Conwey and Treurcwe Rivers. 

Sinnodune a Mile from Conwey. The Fundation of a greate 
thing yet remayne there. 

Dolewythelan in Nant Conwey Commote apon great KleJ^ 
der Ryver a xiii. Miles from Cairmainan by South Efte, and 
as much from Conway. 

Dolehateme a v. Mile from Cairarvon by Eft South Eft 
hard by LLynne. 

Bolebaterne on a Rok bytwixt a. Linnys. There is yet a 
Pece of a Toure, wher Owen Gough^ Brother to LXj/elen^ 
laft Prince, was yn Prifon. it is yn jjiurvay Commot, 

Dinas Emeris» 

Cairarvon, 

Criklth. 

— ■ ■ ■ ■ i . i I I ■ , . ■ I .1 ■ I n 1 ■ ■ 

The Moode^ in the Paroche of JHer otherwife LLan Bo^ 

e 

duan^ wher Tujfog LLuelin nab Gerwarde Trundon had a Ca- 
ftel or Palace on a Hille by the Chirch. wherof yet Parte 
ftondith. 



« Riftop; St. fi He means Linne Crauenant and LLin Ge- 
rionith, ih&* things are fo jumbled together that *tis hard to din 
fiingu'Jh to which of them he had reffeB. Nor do we receive 
any Light from Scowe ^r Burton, y Sic in Autogr, Marchog-» 
^^ues \n St. & B. 



I Ropghwyn. 

Syr 



1 



46 LELANTiyS ITINERARY. 

^fTKUhMd Syr Gul Grlfith hath a fairc Houfe at Fenryne a H. Mylc t 
*^' this fide Bailor. 

uWyUysm nab WittUm dwellith at a Place ^ > QpcUcUm ft Mile 
a this fide Fenryne. 
Wjttimn Cotmore dwellith at Cotmere by Tale Umme Ogmeig. 
Filhfdon yn Cdsraryen Toune. 
Chifitb of Robert John uab Madek not Foel dwellidi yn ZJJene 
yVeban' dwellith at at BodweL 

TaleHenhnt^ li. e. John Wen uab Meridith dwellith at Gweder a 
ii. bow Shottes above Conwey Toune on the Ripe 
of Convey Ry ver. it is a praty Place. 

I Elys^ uab Morkhe yn Commotb a Him^eeitb in 
LLan Morva Paroche at Clawnenme. 

♦ Conwey Ryver. the Haven ftondith by Noitb 
and Weft. 



in 



nfeterif fontis\ 
Iniomth. 

John Oen dwell- 
ith at Kegid an aun- 
cient Houfe in Ht^ 
monith* 

•Kol.49. 



it rifith in the Mon- 
^ynes a Mile of. 



it rifith yn a Mon« 
tayne therby. 



Avon Duegeuelth a 3. Myles above C9nimejj 
and goith by it felf ynto Meney Salt Armc. 
5 (On this Shore lyith Fenmayn.) This Broke 
rennith bytwixt Fenmayne Maur and Feeunmm 
Vehan. 

Avon ILLannuairuehan and goith ynto the 
Se a a. Miles above Due^eueltb, 



it rifith yn a Poole Avon Aber a x. large Miles above that. 

mater jHer O^eine a a. good Miles above that; 
pauUid luLtn Mam AbernGt^yne^ out of a 3 Montaine by, a Myle 
Avon a 3. Mile of. above, ^itidBangar almoft a Mile above k. It 
ftondith on Toronnen, 



m 3. into the 
Lande it rifith". 



th 



Aher S- FouU 4. Mile beyond Bangor on Me^*^ 
ney Shore, where is a * litle cumming yn for 
Bootes by entering of it ynto Meney. 



m AU that foUovs {t^tth the three Words immediately preceding in the 
Margin) as far a$ Conwey Ryver. The Haven ftondith ^c. are 
'spantlng in Stowe. The three Marginal Words are llieuoije omitted in 
Burton. ^ L. Gochlkclan. y Deeft^. A DeftmtB^ 1 Elizabeth B. 
t The Words inchs'd In a Parenthefis ere left out by Stowe: n Degine 
J5. 9- PouUth St. * After litle Mr. Lcland had firfl of all written 
poore Havener, which he afterwards firuck out. « Defunt St. Sic 
autem leghur In B. Aber Foull rifeth a 3. Miles of in the Land, is 
4. Miles beyond Bangor on Meney Shore, where is all the coming in 
?or Boates &c. 



I Gochihdan. ^ Hiaimith pk. 3 Monceine, 



etMoileethom 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 



47 



uMMeethon PaCage a /Slide Shot' 
Fery Bootes to go 'into Terre Mone, 

Y%G»^fnoynmyrihethj i. c. Harfs Broke^ a. 
3 Miles of. 

Thens to Cairarvon j.. Mile. 

Segtnt Ry ver rennitn hard on the farther Side 
of Cairarvon^ as the Shore Side goith, and there 
cummith in praty Sbippis hard to the Caftel Side 
from Jlf(p»ey into Saina 

There cummith a Water caullid ^von Gulruay 
thorough a Bridg caullid Bontnewtth^ a 1" 2. a- 
bove Cairarvon^ and after cummith • ynto jffiff- 
ney at Sottth Crot a a. Miles of. 

South Croke is a 2. Miles above Cairarvon. 

1^ South Croke is me very Point oijSbreinmUf. 

ti^Mgi, a qoik Screnw. 

FrodeSkeuernok a litle Broke a vr. Miles above 
Atrejiynt. On the farther Side of it is a litle Cha- 
pel caullid Bethaufe and i. or 9. Houfis. 

3- LLeuonhoke goith into the Se i. Mile a- 
bove Skeuemok". , 

LLeueny a create Broke aboute a Mile above 
cumming to th« Se. And ther is a Paroche caullid 
LLane LLeueny • ^Angi, an hzt • . « 

There be x. Br[oks] betwixt Guiruay [and 
^*£»«w*,whereof the mydleis the by gger,cauUyd 
Colaidey and is 1 

There is a Brooke a Mile beyond -^rf LLeue- 
ny goyng by it felf into the Se, 



above. There lyith 



it rifith at Guen wim 
tnyrith Wel,a Mile ofc 
Cadnant Broke fi- 
fing a ^. Miles of 
cummitn thoroo^ 
the Toune Bri^g of 
Cairarvon^ and goidi 
bi it felf ynto Meney 
Arme. So that Oirr- 
arvon ftondith by* 
twixt ii. Ryvers, 
Both cum into Cad^ 
nant. 

TheNamcof-itf* 
remeney is not pa(^ 
fin^ a Mile abov\e 
Catrarvon* yet the 
Water of fiun. is 
caullid Menoy til 

iPouBell. 

AgAincSdtahO^kg 
bv the Mouth o£ 
Sieuemos the Se hatk 
ete up a litle Vil- 
lage « on Cairarvom 
fide" 



Clunnok Vdur a- Aruon a great Parcch, and the fayrcfl: 



«i Moileeton ^#. Mofle Ethon B. f^ For lirle Shot il^. Leland had 
frfi vritten Myle, vift/V^ he aftirwards firuck out and tnferted litle Shot 

e 

0ver the Une. y Guenwymnynythe St. Guenwin Meryth B. I Adde 
Myle cum St; • Unto St. 5 T>^fi*nt Sc. « 7)&(? J^r^// ^af^co;^ f Ae X.i»^ 
4tre omittod by Stowe. but he hath fut thret points under od and as many 
ever ke. 9- Defunt St. B. - PouUelly St. In B. Meneitel Poullell. 
n Dofim^S^* 



t ynto. 2, Guenwynmyi^cii. 3 MJIc. 



ChitcK 



LELANiys itinerary; 



OEranMjg Paroche is in Gnv- 

Fro Clmmfk Chircfa to 
TsLmuul Hssrfm Cbirch a 4. 
Miles in Ucb Cwtmmj C&m^ 



to 



From IXam Aelbeirem 
Efhh Efipl Chirch 



* 3- 



ThisRok iscvjiHiGMorthe' 






vattis Vartegerm in 



» From LLann ednis to Tre- 
9iuem Chirch a 3. Myles. 

There is a litle Broke on 
die hither Side of TVeneuen. 

Av9m Edeme^ alias Gsrath^ 
a %• Miles above Vreneuen. 
' Ther be other fmaiilRilles 
betwixt it and Daron. 

• Bjrtwilt VdUls Fortegems^ 
and j^hrJdr§m the Cumpafe 
of the Se gatherith an Hed, 
and the Se cnterith at both 
£ndes. 

LLeene a xvi. Miles by 
Shore. XII, Mile by the Hy 
Way in Lengh. 

TheBredofJLLwrtfanviii- 
Mile. 

The hither Endc of LLene 
by the y Shore cummith at a 
Hil I caullid Brhh Rivil^ uht 
vaUty Vortegerm, 



Chirch yn al OurMrwmfbire^ as better 
then B4mg9r^ is a Mile bevond it, ahd 
as far from me Shore. There is a litle 
Ryllet. There is a Broke more then a 
Mile above Cltrm^g cumming > to the 
mayneSe. 

The next Paroche above Clwmwk is 
LLamAelksireu. 

The nex Paroch onto it on the 

mrtfmU 

Shore is Egluis EflfiiL wher cummith 
downe owt of a Rokke a litle Rylle as 
it wererenningynaPipe. And hither 
cam, as fum (ay, S. Bemmtm. A Peace 
of this Roke is fallen, and ^Svallddi 
after a ftrange fefcion. 

The next Paroch on the Shore is 
Trene»em. Trenenen Townelet is a a. 
Miles up the Lande. and there is a i. 
Faires every Yere, but no Wekely Mar- 
ket. Hitherto the Counterey is Mon-* 
tainyus. 

From Treneuem to Alredanm a xir. 
Milys. The Grounde benvyt is fum-, 
what playne and hath x.or j.Paroches, 
havyng very good Plentv of Come 
and Graffe, but very litle Woodde* 
They burne TurfFes, Feme, and Gorf- 
fes, otherwife c^uUid Fyrres. 

The fmaule Townelet of Ahredartm^ 
wher is a 50. or ftio Houfis, is on the 
very farther Ripe of Baton. The Se 
is about a Quartre of.aMyle of. The 
Paroche Chirch is above almofte a 
Mile on the Shot as the Salt Wa- 
ter cumpafich aboute with a Heddeu' 
The Chirche is caullid in Walfch LLam 
engan Brenmg^ id eft, Fauum Nhusmi 
Regulij where was a late a great Pilgri- 
mage. This Paroche is al yn TbUenty 
andit endith Thlene. 



«t The Latin IVord is omitted by St. & B. 
Shore in St. 



i8 Valley ethJB. y Slipj^r 



^ 



i ihcothe. i From Llaii. 



The 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 
The Countery above LLeene is cauUid Henionith. 

From LLan engan Brenntne to Crik' 

ith about a XI 1 1 . Myle by meatly play ne 
Ground, having reafonable good Come 
and Pafture, but not like LLeene. There 
lyith betwixt LLan engan and Criketh 
a 3. or 4. Parochis. At Crtkith be a 1. 
or 3. ppore Houfes^ and there is a 
fmauUe ii a Ryle. There hath beene a 
^Franchifid"Toune,nowclenedecayith» 
From Crlklth to Trahtmaure a 3 . Myle. 
r Bytwyxt Traithmaure and Traith f^e- 
han a Mile thorough a Point of Wood 
cauUid Venryn Duet'tth, as yn the Myd- 
dle, rennith at low Water thorough the 
Traith Mauf Worthy Glejfs LLtnne Wa 



49 
FoL/o. 



In Leene a Mile above 
Fanum Ntmani is iPenrynJtbe 
a good Haven Roode. 

PoUele Bay a poore Mar- 
ket, now a Xzttftatio opt. cari^ 
nts. The Prince had a Place 
there, as yet apperith. 



J' J AI Penrine Poiutc is in 
Merionitkjhire^ and as much 
as is beyounde GleJJin on the 
Warth oi Traithmaure. 



ter, and divith Henionith of Cattarvon- 
Jhir from Mertonithjhire. 

Credine a Commote of Casrarvon^ 
Jhire a this fide Conwej Rivef. 

This Commote partcly be Comtey 
Rjrver. partely by the Se is y n a maner 
as infulatid^ and one way owte of Den^ 
high Land tne Way is over a made Cau- 
fey over a Marfch often overflowen. 

TheCumpaceofit,asIgeffe,isanviii. 
Miles. Yn Lenght it is a 3. Miles. 

Initisa3.Paroches. 



Almoft a Mile from Pen^ 
ryke de yn Leene is Ims Ttd-^ 
'male a vi. Acres yn Cumpace. 
In it is a litle Chirch defolate. 
Ther be ? kcpte Shepe, and 
there be Conys. It is a Myle 
from Penryne Lande by South 
Eft. 

Ther is an other Met be- 
twixt it and the Shore, cauUid 
Inis Mirach^ i, e. equorum^ 



m L. Rylle. |3 This Word 'which is vritten on^er the line in the Orig. is 
emitted^ Stowe. v>ho hath a/fo decayed /or decayith. y So 'tis correB'-^ 
ed^ {very uninteUigihly) by Mr. Leland, vho hadfrfi of all written it thus : 
From Crikith to Traht Veham 3. Myle. Bytwyxt Traith t^ehan and 
Traith Maure above rennith as yn the Myddle Glejfe LLinne Water ^c. 
Mr. Stowe has written it as I have fubliflfd it, only he omitts Traith 
Maur Warth afttr thorough the, and makes Gleffe Linne c^r. Begin 
a new Paragraph. He hath alfo omitted ftveral things in the Margin. 
Mr. Burton's Copy differs from me only in this that it leaves out Traith 
Maur Warth if ter thorough the, and reads divideth [as it Jhould he 
correSei) for divith. ^ Videpaullo inferius. 



Vol, y- 



I Pcnryndfy. -a Rylle. 



3 kept. 

Q 



Id 



fo LELAND^S ITINERARY* 

hiving good nGraHe. In it is very litle Wood, and that 15 

at Pemrime. 
It berith veiy good Corne and Grafle. 
There is Northward in Crtdine a Bay or Rode very goode 
for Sbippis, and chat greatc, caullid Carrig Gonnyou^ Anglice 
WUte St^njs. Here a Mile up ynto the Land appere greate 
Ruines of Heganttoye Caftel ftondding on an Hille, wher, as 
fum fay, Mailgo Guimd dweUid and LLuelen Prince of 
Kortb Wmks. 

Flace Penrine an aimcient Stone Houfe by Eft North Eft 
on the Shore longing to Mr. Pa/ of Flint/hire. 

/I Cogartb almoft clene doune on Conwey River Shore be- 
twixt [here laye D] . . • 



Seg9ia^ as I hard fay, rifith at I^nme Dohhademe. This 

00k is a 3. Miles yn Leoght. yn fum Place a Mile broode, 

and yn divers Places leffe and lefTe. It lyich by Witham HiUe^ 



Poof 



and is diftant a v. Myle from Cairarvon toward South Ei 
from Cairarvm. 

Ormeyne rifith at a Place caullid Tale LLinut Ogveyne^ a 
Poole a V. Mile above Bamg^r yn the Eft Side of Witk^w. 

Coimty Ryver Hedde is withy n a a, Myles of Penmaclano 
Hille, » and this Hille is a vi. or 7. Miles from Cowwty Abbey. 

TiTMth Fehan and Trakb Maur be Salt Armes and Crekes 
fedde with no notable frefch Ryvers. 

Mr. R9uland Griffith tdde me that there were z. Com- 
motes betwixtc ,/SreJeuy and 7b9en Merhnitb that were yn 
tymes pafte plentyftil of Come and Graffe, but lying low, 
and almoft as level Grounde, the Se ful many a Yere fyns 
hath clene devourid them up, and now it is totally a Sa^id? 
Warth. ^ 

He told me alfo that at the Chyrch where he dwellith yn 
Aftglefeyy by the commune Fame of all the Counterey, there 
was of auncient tyme an Houfe of Relligion. 

In tymc rf mynde Menne ufid not in Termm^ to feperate 
tbeyr Grounde, but now ftille more and more they digge 
Stony Hillokkes ya theyre Groundes, and with the Stones of 



M J0er GrafTe Mr. Leland has made this mark ^fis^ifyiffS 
that theCe Words Al Pmrime Pointe &c. vhicb are flac'd a 
little above in the Margin Jhould he inserted here. /S Uefunt 



Acm 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. ji 

them rudely congeftid they devide theyre i«theyre''Groimde$ 
after Devotifbire Fafcion. 

In digging of thefe [they] digge up yn many Places yer- 
thcn Potces ^ with the Mouthes turnid douneward, contcyn- 
ing dneres & ojfa mortuorum, 

FoL 5 1, 5:1. vacant. 

The Bridge at Chefier apon Bee. Pol, jm; 

The Toun of the Holt 5. Miles by Land from Chefier^ and 
there is a great Stone Bridge on Bee Ryver. 

LLangotlan is a ix. Miles above the Rolt^ and there is z 
great Stone Bridge over Dee Ryver, 

LLan Got/an Village is on the South Side, and Dlnat 
Brane Caftelle ftondith apon an high Hille on the North 
Ripe of Dee a 3. Quarters of a Mile of. 

TheCaftelle ofDtnas Brane was never « byggc Thing, but 
fette al for Screnght as in a Place half inacceffiole for x Ene- 
my es. It is now al in Ruine: and there bredith in the Rok 
Side that the Caftelle ftondith on y bredith" every yere ati 
Egle. And the Egle doth forely affaut hym that aiftroith 
the Neft, goyng doun in one Basket, and having a nother 
over his Hedcfe to defend the fore Stripe of the E^ie. 

LLanE^ifte^ilwVaUisCruehym Aobavof Whit Menkes, 
was 3. Quarters of a 3 Myle by Weft Nortn Wcfte. 

U^ale. F0I./4. 

Wjrale begynnith leffe then a Quarter of a Mile of the 
very Cite felf of Chefier^ and withyn a a. Bow Shottes of 
the Suburbe without the Northe Gate at a litle Brooket caal- 
lid Vlokars Broke that ther cummith ynto Pf^ Ryver, and 
ther is a Dok wherat at* Spring Tide a Ship may ly. and this 
Place is cauUid Forte TooU. 

Half a Myle lower ys Blaken Hedde^ as to Armelet of the 
Grounde pointing oute» At this is an olde Manor Place 
longging to the Erie of Oxforde^ and thcryn lyith fumtyme 
Syr Gul. Norres. 

A Mile be Water lower hard on the Shore is a lide Vil» 
lage c^ullid Sanheho. 

Leffe then a Mile lower is Crsbho Village. 

A Myle lower is Shottevik Caftelle on the very Shore 
longging to the King ; and therby ys a Park, 



« Redundat, fi vith tie fnovihes tumid douneward^ &C.] 
Whence they &em to me to bie Ddntfl). y Bednudat. 



1 bigjje. 2 Eooeai/ef^ 3 Myle of by, 

G % - Shh 



1% LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Shotttwtke Townelct is a ^. Quarters of a Myle lower. 

And 2. Mile lower is a Rocc in Dee caiulid Salthouje^ 
wher again it on the Shore is a Salt Houfe Cottage. 

Then is Burton Hedde, wherby is a Village almofl: a Mile 
lower then Salt Houfe. 

ii. Myles lower and more is Denwdle Rode, and agayne it 
a Farme Place caullid DenwauUe Haul. It long^th to Mr. 
Smithi. and more up into the Land is Denwautte Village. 

ii. Miles and more lower is Nefton Rode, and ynward a 
Mile ynto the Land is Nejlon Village. 

About a 9. Miles lower is a Place caullid the ReJde Bank. 
and ther half a Mile withyn the Land is a Village caullid 
Th'ujlington, 

A Mile and more lower is Wejle Kirkchy a Village hard 
on the Shore. 

And half a Mile lower is HlttekyrL as the very Point of 
Wyrale. 

This HiUebjrt at the Floode is al environid with Water as 
an Ifle, and than the TrajeSlus is a Quarter of a Mile over 
and 4. Fadome depe of Water, and at Ebbe a Man may go 
over the Sand. It is about a Mile in Cumpace, and the 
Grounde is Sandy and hath Conies. There was a Celle of 
Monkes Of Cheflre^ and a Pilgrimage of our Lady of Hilhyrl. 

The B^rrf caullid Chefier Barre that is at [the] very Mouth 
of the Sandes fpuid oute of Dee Ryver is an 8. or 10, Mile 
Weft South Weft from Hillyri. 
Fol. sf. It is by Eftimation a xvi Mile from the Point of Hsliery to 
croffe ftrait over to the next Shore in Lancajlerjhire. For 
Lyrpoole lyith a x. Miles into the Lande from the MQuthe 
of Merfey Water, and lytle lak of xx. from the very Barre of 
MerTey that lyith in the mayne Se. 

from the Poynt of Hylbyrl to Ltrfoole as it lyith withyn 
the Lande a x. Mile. 

From Hsltyrl to cumpace about the Shore of Wyral on 
Merfey Side to Walefsy Village on the very Shore^ wher Men 
ufe much tcufe ' to fake Hermg taken at the Se by the Mouth 
of fiUrfey^ is a feven or eight Miles, 

Thens a a. Myles to the Fery Houfe on Wyrale Shore, an^ 
there is the TrajeHus frosc/mus to Lyrpole a ^. Miles over. 

Aboute half a Quarter of [a] Mile upward hard on J^al 
Shore is Byrket a late a Priory of a xvi. Monkes as a Celle 
to ehefiir without any Village bv it, 
Al tne Shore Ground of ^r^/apon De fide ys highe bank* 



« IRehniat^ 



i^i 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 99 

id, but not veri hilly Groundc. And fo ys the Bank of Ify- 
rale onto fiBriiet on Merfey Side. 

The lyajeBus from Wletyrl direftely overthwart bytwixt 
Flint and Bajmg;a>ark is at the ful Se a vii. Miles over, 

Flint ejhir. FoLft 

The Eft Parte of the Paroche of Totnarry is in Flinffbirt^z 
and Part of the fame Paroche toward the South ys yn Dif- 
frin Cluid. 

Hoele communely cauUid in Englifcbe Foele^ and, as fum 
fay, it is the Name that we /Scaullid Httghe. 

Hoele a Gentilman of Flyntjhir that by auncient Accu- 
ftume was wont to gyve the Bagge of the Svlver Harpe to 
the befte Harper of North Walys^ as by a Privilege of his 
Auncetors, dwellith at Fenrine yn Flyntjhir. He hath alfo 
a ruinus Caftelet^ or Pile, at a Place caullid * Caftell Toll^citktrhm 
This Word Yollo is the lime in Walfche that LLuelen ys, andi-^i^wrt. 
JLudovicus in Latine. 

Tollo ys z. Miles from Nortboi Village a litle on the lift 
Hand vn the Highe Way to Chefier. 

Thifarte^ or Dijarte^ Caftelle yn Flyntjhire^ by the Name yn 
Walfche is thus expoundid. Hoi is privativa farticuU^ as mt* 
Sarte isfiepe up. Notfiepe or y dining up^ that is to ivj playneJ^^SsutK^ 

Rethelan^ communely caullid Rudelan^ cummith of Rethe^ v 
that ys to hy ^oone color or pale redde^ and Glan^ that is the 
Shore 'y but G when Glan is fet with a Worde praeceding G 
is explodid. 

About Glafioit {viridis JUva) Hille, that is a 4. Miles be- 

e 

yond Ruthelany is the limes of Flintjhlr and Denbigh lande. 

Denhighe^JLande, . F0I.J7. 

Commotes yn Denhigh-Land. 

Ife DuleJ/e and Hughe Dulejfe^ both by Northe toward 
L»Lan Elwy^ 2.\\^sS»Afaphe. ^ 

And bootne be namid of ^ Dulelejfe a Broke there rennyng, 

Ife Aleth and Hughe Aleth ly bothe flat Wefte towardcijWfrW*; 
Conwey^ and hath the Name of Aleth Ry ver. 

Kinemarth cummith from withyn a Mile and a half of 
Ruthine to the very Toune and Caftelle Waul o£^ Denhighe^ 
and lyith moft bv South South Eft. 

Sum take the raroch^ felf of D«r%i& for a Commote, and ; 

m Briket] Sic in Aut. fi Cawle St. B. y dining'] F. di^ 
tvlng. A EKilefle B. 

w ■ I .. ■ 

Jyitb 



f4 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

lyith much by Efte, and is a 4. Mile yn Cumpacc or more^ 

Sum fay that afore the Toune of DenUib was made yt 
was yn Hitrhe Dulejfe Commote, but (ins of late tyme it hath 
be provid by Pie to be a Cort and Commoc of it felf. 

There is no Place yn al thcfe Commotes where the People 
dwelle vicMfimy but al fparpm^ faving at DetMfbe Toun feif. 

And yn al thefe Commotes was no Howie of Prionr or 
Abbay, faving a Place of White Freres at the very Efte Ende 
of the Toun of Deniigbe. 

There be diverfe Paroche Chirches in eche of thefe Com- 
motes, faving that if DfnMgh Paroch be a Commote, tber 
is but one Paroche Chirch yn it, and that is i St. Mtrcelles t 
Mile and more » out of the Toune of Demtfgbe by Eft. 

Thcr be ii. of Eafe by fide withyn the Toune feli* wherof 
one is caullid S. Hllaries^ very large and wcUe fervid. 

Kinemarth is the greateft Commot of al the Refidew^ and 
Ri^ksierUT^^ hath but 2. or 3. Paroches, Lan Raybader^ that is a 7. 
to Oythf Miles in Lenght, and LLameh^s^ that is not al in Kynmmrth^ 
£m/ •/* but Parte in Dlmrln Cluid. It is caullid LLamtms^ oy caufe 



IJ'JJ^"^ the Chirch is fee betwixt the Ryvers of Ctuid and ClueJ§g as 
an an IQe. Thefe 1 1. ftremes ren ther withyn a Qujirter of a 
Mile togither. 
1;^ Loke wither LLamvatr Vadetem be not in Kmemsrtb. This 
Famm Ma. Paroche is caullid in IValfih Kereg EdriSon. 
tU Ui^iU' There is yn the Eft Ende of Lsm Raibsdir Paroch very 
^«*- goodly Come and Graffe. but by Weft South Weft yt is 
baren and hilly with Bogges. Wood inougb yn MaibaiJer 
by North Eft. 

M There is good Corn, as Where Grounde, about LL^ 
netnys^ metely woddyd. 

Lanrvair Vadelen is much baren, but for Otes withe great 
Labor. No Wood but Turfe. Ful erf Hilles and Bogges. 
Fo!.^8. The Paroche felf of Beneblgbe is plentiful of Corae and 
Gx^Q^ but no great Wood. 

^eDuhfe is good for Corne as Whete, Rye. Peafon and 

Benes^ and hath very good fine Pafture and Meaois, and hatk 

iitle Waft Ground yn it, and hath good 

This litle Parke is caullid in Woodde as in the lefte Parke longg* 

frrei ing to Deubigbe^ and yn other Places, 

IF^lfeb Geffenodhg. There isa C^rre of harde S:one. Its 

of a Blakifch or fad Marble Color, 

•« The two Paragraphs immediately foBawhig an w^nthg A» Si, 
X S. MircvUft, % CHK the TouACn 

much 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. y, 

much u(id for Ovens and Chimeneis ia this lide Park : 
and there alfo they dig oute Slate Stones to ky ver Houfes« 

Hughe Dulejje is leffe fmteful then IJe Dulejfey and more 
Hylly and Rokky, Ther is Plenty of Woodde in it. And 
the great Park by DeiMgh is, as I lernid, in this Commote. 
This Parke is caullid in Waljchi t^Mtfil evig^ that is to fay ^MoHcvig. 
/Jbe Bslde Hyndes* 

Other Parkes then the x. aforefaid be not in Denbighe Land. 

Ife Aleth cummith to the very Shore of RetMan Bay. 

This Bay bereth the Name from Rethelan and the Mouth 
cf Cluide to the Mouth of Comwej. 

Thefe ii. Paroches in l(e Aleth ly apon the Shore : firft 
Z^w S. George next to the Marches of Flyntjhir^ and more 
upper Weft to Credin Abergele Paroch, where be likelihod 
is a Water caullid QeUe. 

The North Part of Ife Aleth as to the Shore is meetely 
fruteful of Come. The South Part is Hilly, good for Gotes^. 
and hath litle Wood in refpedle. 

Hughe Aleth cummith by Wefte onto Ceimtey Rjyer Bank 
agayn the Towne felf of Cwnwy, and ther metith with Com^ 
Creaine a Pece o( Cairarvmjbir as Canwey River: and leving 
Credin on the North Side of the Sho^e, as on the right honde : 
and then goith on Convey Ryver Bank up a litle by South 
South Weft, and then levyng Conwey Bank it gcriita plain 
South and metith with Fenthline Lordflup* 

In Hughe Aleth be many Bogges, Rokky Hilles, and Mo- FoL f9i 
rifch Ground : And theSoile is to cold to have good Come, 
yet yn diverfe Places it berith Otes and fiim Rye. It hath in 
lum Places Woodde. In thefe Hilles be kept nete Hoffe 
and Shepe. 

This Commote is the worft Parte of al DenUgh Land 
and moft baren. 

In Kinemarch Commote be a. Places wher be likelihod 
hath beene fum Caftelettes or Piles of Defence. LL^fgneit^VjLhvmm 
nea» is the one, and that is a 3. Quarters of a Myle owt ofVend$ieiiM 
Denbigh toward South in the way to Ruthtne on the right 
Hond. There apperith no Building now, but great Diches 
and Hilles over growen with BufTchcs. 
« 

FUue avudowe is the other, wher is a great Diche and a 
Hille. The Name dedarith it to have beene the Place of 
an Heremite. Wither ther hathe beene any other thing there 
it is out of Memorie. There is nothing now but a For 



#i MoyloEUg B« 

Borow. 



5tf: LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Borow. It is a Mile and more from DmUgb by South in the 
way to Rntbim on the lifte Hand. 

Dentigb Toune. 

After that King Edward had extinftid the Prince of Walesi 
and had holely zllVaUs in his Pofleffion he much ftudied to 
the Fortification efpecially of North Wales^ and the Marches 
cf it. And by this meane Lacy a Man or greate Eftimatioa 
aboute Edwsrde the L had the Land of Denbj < gyven onto 
hym. 

And I have hard fay that it was partely in confideration 
that he maried in the Blodde of the Prince of N9ftb Wales. 
Lacj was a great Lord Marcher afore in Ewtfland bering thd 
Name of Laeye. 

This Lacy firfte began the Toun of DenUgb^ walling if and 
making a Caftelle there. Afore his tyme I cannot lerne that 
there was other Toun or Caftelle. 

The Toune and Caftel of Deniigbe ftandith on a craggy 
Hille, and is nere a Mile in Cumpace, and y\J^^ arhcu- 
/arifiiura* The Caftelle lyith South on the Toune: and 
the Toun lyith to the Caftelle by North and Eft. 

In the Toun be but %. Gates, the Efcbeker Gate, and the 
Pol. &o. Barges Gate. In the firft was the Lordes Court kept : and 
roru fi«i-in the other the Burgefis. The Eskeker Gate lyith playne 
'^ Weft, and the Burgeles Gate plain North. 

Thefe ii. Gates as the Cumpace of the Waullc goith be a 
great ftite Shot one from the other : and betwixt them in 
the Waulle is never a Tower. 

And from the mEsker Gate to the Caftel is never aTowre : 
but ther is a Galery out of the Caftel into it. 

Thefe Towers be in the Toune Waulle by Eft from the 
Burgefes Gate to the South Eft Side of the Caftelle. 

Firft a great quadrata Tower fi cauUid [fe- 

r- condly] the Countes Toure (beyng fquare) a goodly [Tower 
of 2. Loftes high. The third the Goblin Hole Jemictratlari 
fgura^ the Lcades of which in bomtnum memorsa about an 



« L. Eskeker. fi j^B that follows this Word as far at Ax this 
tyme there be fcant 80. Howfolders ^c. Is wanting inStowCj 
who has written this Note: the ether torne and defacid. And 
indeed moji of it is torn out in the Orig. hit 'tis fufflfd in Bur- 
ton. 



t jt/wep. 

8o. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ^7 

80 . Yeares agoe were with Tempeft cairricd awaye, as farre 
almoft as St. Marcelles the Paroche Church, and foe bath 
lay en uncovered.] 

There be x. roundc Toures befidc. 

There hath beene diverfe Rowes of Streates withyn the 
wald Towne, of the which the moft 

part be now doone in maner. and at There is a goodly and large 
this tyme there be fcant 80. Howfol- Chapel of Eafe in the old 
ders. Toune of i St.WIatie. wither 

I have not yet lernid the Certente yet mofte of the new Toun 
how this wallid Toune decayed withyn. iiyct" cumme. 
wither it were by a Fire or for lak of 
Water^ wherof there is litle or none, or for lak of good 
Caryage into the Toun ftanding fumwhat high and on rokky 
Ground, I cannot jS 3 telle. 

But the Towne of Denbigh now occupied and yoining 
neere to the old Toun hath beene totally made of 4 late tyme, 
and fet much more to commodite of Cariage and Water by 
many Welles in it. And the / Encreafe of this was the Decay 
-of the other, y At this prefent tyme the new is 3. tymes 
[as byge] as the 6Id. [The Market Place in Denhighe that 
is fayre and large was pavid but of late Yeres.] There is Fol<5i. 
a Chapelle of Eafe in the Midle of the new Towne of 

One Flemtng was the Builder of this, and yet it is cauUid 
Capelle Fleming^ and is of a good Large- 

nes. Ther was an Almofe Houfe hard The new Toune of Den* 
by this Chapelle exfaxo quadrato made high was clere defacid with 
by the fame Fleming. But now it is FierbyHoftilite,^o.x>.i458, 
defolate. Sum (ay that this was doone 

. The Caftelle is a very large thing, by theJErleof P«»Jr<7*^. 
and hath many Toures yn it. But the 
Body of the Worke was never finifhid. 

- — '■ — - ■ ■- ■ -^ — • — -- I 

« RedunJat. ^ L. J cannot fur e/y telle, y At this prefent 
time the newe- is 3. times as bigge as the ould, and is a 
Mile • • ... . . . • • ^and it lyeth all in one Street 

. . . . and in the Market Place 

well builded, which is fayre, and lafge, and paved of late 
Yeares. The Confluence to the Market on Tewefday is ex- 
ceding great. St. Marcelles a Mile of was Paroch Church 
to the ould Towne, and foe it is to the new. There is a 
Chapel of Eafe &c. B. 

I S.Htlari*. 1 Fiw, j rureI/KU«> 4 later tyme. ; Encreace. 

Vol. J. H The 



fg ICELAND'S ITINERARY- 

The Gate Houfie is a mcrvelu^ ftiong and neat Peace of 
Work, but the M'^ of it were n^tr finuchtd. If thev 
had beene, it mignt have beene countid emoiig the moft 
memorable Peaces of Workys yn ^nglmti. It hath diverfe 
Wardes and dyverfc Portcoltcis. On the Fraot of the Gate 
is fet the Image of Hem. Imj Eric of Lim$ln in his fiacely 
lonjE Rd)es. 

There is a nother.yery high Towre and larg in die Ca^ 
fielle caullid the ReJJe Towre. 

Sum (ay that the Erie of LimMs Sunne felle into the 
Cailelle Welle, apd ther dyed : wherapon he never paffid 
to finifch the CafteUc. 

King Edward the 4. was befegid in I>ai%60fteUe : and 
ther it was padid by twene King Benrfs Men and hym that 
tie fhould with Life departe the Reaulme never to retume. 
If they had taken King Edmarde there deieUaBmmfi^et. 

There is every Sunday Prayers made in S. Warie Chapelle 
%xL0C^%ViATercy. 
If ol. €u DtMkgb Lande on fum Places marcheth apon tiuide RyverJ 
T ^ir-. k^^ Cr^r Vi^mmsm Tin Wher CMd cummith nieft to !>«»- 
Lokc here for Fwnwwf Pit- Ag^Tounitisa.Milesofby Efte- 

Looke heere for thefe Brokes. 
Ikrennig. 
Vehan* 
Jilwein. 

Vfiraie cummith within half a Mile by South of Demiigi 

Toun, and gpith ynto Cluid by the Weft Ripe almoft againe 

Denbigh Toun that is a %. Miles of. 

Lacui «^/#. Aleth rifith in LLin Ale$h Poole an 8. Miles Weft from 

tiui. Denbigh Toun in the Paroche of LLau SanHam^ and renoitb 

about an 8. Miles towarde the North, and /3 go ynto theSouth 



m There are three feints made over this Word in the Qrig., snd 
as meny over egainfi it in the Nargin^ where is writtem: and 
than ynto by Weft. It is in LLenharder Pa- 
roche, of film caullid S. Dttnnoies. which Wbrds e^e inferted 
in Burton immediatefy after icant a Mile. Jit/f things are 
very much corrupted at this VUce in Scowe» fi G^Hth ^. & 



R^^ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ^t 

obedient 
Ripe ofElwj^'mLLanMHemethViirociie^ f^Fanum ^tedienttM. 
a 6. Miles above S.Afaph. So that the Ther is a y litlc" Water 
Courfe of it goith an [8.] Miles by E- C2A3^MMerMchISrchion^^htr'' 
ftimation. by, as « fum fay, wa3 * Lorde 

On the farther Ripe of Elwy a }• or Marach a MtrA . ... 9ns 
4. Miles above S.Afkphes is a Stony Place. ±lt is [in HekeUad?^- 
Rok caullid Kereg tbetyttuaine^ i. e. the roche.] 
Kdk with hole Stonet^ wher a great Cave is, having divers 
Romes in it hewid cut of the mayne Rok. 

There is in the Paroch of LLsMfamam in the Side of i 
Stony Hille a Place wher ther be 14. Moles or Places in a 
Roundel for Men to fitte in, but fum lefTe and fum biteer, 
cutce oute of the mayne Rok by Minnes Hand, and tner6 
Childern and Young Men cumming to (eke their Catelle ufe 
to iitte and play. SMmc^xthc it the RoisffdeTaUe. Kiddesufi^ 
ther communely to pla^ and skip from Sete to Sete. 

There is an Hille with Pafture in Guitherjn Paroche in 
VenUgh Lande caullid Pentere^ i. e. caput fepuhhri^ wher a 
Stone like a flat Stone of a Grave lyith, and one, as it is fayde^ 
lyich under it byried. 

Fol. (f 3. vacat. 

Market Tiwnes in Gloccftreflure.' W. ^4? 

Glocefire. 
Brijiov. 
Ctreceftrei 
Twekestjri. 

Cajlelles in Clocc&refhire. 
Glocefire. 

Sudelj by Winchelcumte. 
CtTecefire had a Caftel by slikelyhod. 
Brifiov Caftel. 

Byvers in Gloceftrefliire, 

Severn. 

Avon touchith at ISpekeslArU 

Another Avon at Btifiow. 



m Obedient fufra Itn. deefi in B. ^ Ifta^ qua in marg. fo» 
fuimusy defunt in Stoveo. y Still B. f L. Morach a « • 
. . . Place B. 



I fum iaif . %liii Henellim f^ltochc.1 9 JjrkelyhqdL 

H * ^fi 



Co LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

IJis rifith a iii. Myles from Ctrenctfire not far from a Vil- 
lage cawUed Kemhle within half a Mylc of the Fofe Waj^ be- 
twixt Cireceftre and Bath. Thens it runneth to Latineiad a 
4. Myles ofj and fo to Grekelad abowt a Myle lower, fone 
after receyvmg Churn. 

Chume at Ctcefire^ proprie Chunuefire^ m a hard by Chefire- 
fOMj improprie pro fi^Chirnettnrn, The principal Hedde of 
Churm rifith at Coterie^ wher is the Hed Howie of Sir John 
bridges. It is a vii. Myles from Glocefire^ and a five Myles 
or more from Cireceftre oy the which yt renneth, and thens a 
VI. Myles [uno] infra Greklad mtlliari yt goith into Ips. 

Wher as the very Hed of Ips ys in a great Somer Drought 
"5 apperith very litle or no Water, yet is the Stream fervid 
with nkny Ofspringes reforting to one Botom. 

Communely thorough al Glocefterjhire there is good Plenty 
of Corn, Parture and Wood, faving at Cotefip^ld wher the 
great Flokkes of Sheepe be, and yet in fum Places ther grow- 
^th fair Corn. 

Gloceftre where yt is not fufficiently defended by Severn ys 
wauUed. The Caftel is of an wonderful old Bunding, but 
no old Brttons Brykes yri yt, Je^d lapides plerumque quadrat). 
Of al Partes of yt the hy 4 Tower In media area ys moft 
ftrongeft and auncient. w ithowt dufltci fojfa munttur. In 
the Towne be [xi.] Parpche Chirches. withowt Blak 
Monkes yn the Town, Blak Chanons lately withowt, 

An Arow fliot withowt the Town toward Herford y$ a Jong 
Bridge of Stone, under the which goeth a great Arme of 
Seveme^ as I remembre, cawlled Owjehurne. Yt breketh owt 
of the great Screame above the Town, and beneth yt goith 
againe into the mayne Streame. The Curfe of y t is abowt a 
Myle. So that it infulateth a goodly Medow. 

Briftow apon Alton a greate Cite, well waqlled, having a 
fair Caftel. In yt is now, as I remembre, xviii. Paroche 
Chirches. S. Augufiines^ Blak Chanons extra mania ; iBiqu9 
in magna area facemmL in quo fepultus eft S. Jordanus, nnue 
ex dijcipuHs Auguftini Anglorum apoftoH, A Howfe withowt 
the W auUes, as I remembre, cawlled the Gaitntes otherwise 
Bonhommes. [iiii.] Howfes of Freres, of the wiche the 
White Freres Places ys very fair. Avon Ryver abowt" a 
J Quarter of a Myle beneth tne Towne in a Medow cafteth 



« And hard St. Hard B. ^ Chilnertown. St. 



I 6 Kfylftof. ^ Churne^Ditn* 3 appcretl^. 4 Tow:t- % Qpartre. 

MP 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. €i 

up a great Arme or Gut by the which the greater Veflels as 
mayne toppe Shippes cum up to the Towne. So that Avon 
doth peninfulate the Towne, and VeCTels may cum of [bothe] 
Sides of yc. I marked not wel whither ther cam any frefcn 
Water from the Land to bete that Arme, 

Avon goith into Severn at Kynges Rode iii. £Myles] bc- 
neth [BrifioTp] by Land, and [vi.J by Water. 

In the Hilles about Brlfiow [Towne be] found litle Stones 
[of divers Colours counterfetynge precious] Stones. 

Cireceftre^ corruptely for Chumecefire^ peraventure of Vto 
leme cawUed Coriminum^ ftondeth in a Botom apon the Ry 
ver of Churne. The Cumpace of the 
old Waul, cujus fauca adhuc extant ve-- 
fiigia^ was nere hand ii. Myles. A Man 
may yet walking on the Bank of Churne 
evidently perceyve the Cumpace of 
Fundation of Towers fumtyme ftand^ 
ing in the Waul, and nere to the Place 
wher the right goodly Clothing Mylle was fet up a late by 
the Abbate was broken down the Ruine 
of an old Tower toward n^aking of the 
Mylle WauUes, in the which Place was 
fownd a quadrate Stone fawUen down 
afore^ but broken in aliquot frufia^ 
whenn was a Romatne Infcription, of 
the which one fcantly letterd that faw 
y t told me tjaat he might perceyve Pont. 
Max, Among divers numtfmata fownd 
frequently there Dioclefian's be moft faireft. But I cannot 
adfirme the Infcription to have bene dedicate onto hym. In 
the Middes of the old Town in a Medow was found a Flore 
de a tefieliis verftcolorihus^ and by the Town nojiris temporlbut 
was fownd a broken Shank Bone of aHorfe,theMouth clofed 
with a Pegge, the which taken owt a Shepard founde yt fillid 
nummis argenteis. In the South Sowth Weft fide of the Waul 
be lykelyhod hath bene a Caftel, or 

fum other greatBuilding. the Hilles and Sum fay that it was the 
Diches yet remayne. The Place is now Place wher Sege was laide to 
a Waren for Conys, and therin |iath the Town, and not far thens 
be fownd Mennes Bones infolita ma^ is a ftecpe rownd Biry like a 
gnttudmts^ alfo to fepulchres exfeSio la^ Wind Myl Hill ext. muros 
fide. In one was a round Veffel of cawlled Grifmundes Tower, 



Fol.^y, 



Be lykehod yn times paft 
Guttes were made that Partes 
^oiChume Streame might com 
thorow the Cyte, and fo to 
returne to theyr great Botom* 



The Soyle in the Stony 
Feeldes abowt Cireceire is 

moreaptforBarle then Whete, 
Therabowt as in Cotejwold 
is fmawl Plenty of Wood ex- 
cept in few Places kept of 
neceflltc, 



I of churn Streame. i Teflellii, 



LeadQ 



6% LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

for mGufmundes « Tower, as Leade covered, tad in it Afliei ifld, 
theic (ay. Peacesof Bones. More then iii. ParcM 

of the old Town is now goodly Mt- 

dow Ground. The iiii. Part ys yet wel inhabited, bavidg 

one Parocne Chirche very richely 

Ther is alfo a litle Chapel » wrought, and an Abbay o^ Blak Cha- 

tsanAlmofeHouTe. nons ptndaiore Henrico Prim§. fiat 

there afore was a great Cmrdi of Pre- 
bendaries. In the Body of the Chirch in a fepulchr c Crofle 
of White Marble is this [Infcription,] Hie jfOt ifRcmbal- 
Ampreshyter^ quondam tujitf eccUfia deumt^ \jit temfofi £d« 
wardi regis Anglise cancellarim.'} 

Cummyng jfrom Glocefier to drece/he almoft yn the Myd- 
dle Way betwyxt wher the Wood tayleth and Cbanipayne 
^•f^ Countcry toward Cotefwold appereth, the fair e old Way imde 
by the Britons ys very evidently feen, and fo goeth aa fltrayt 
as a Line to Cirecefier^ and fro thens to Bathe:, But fum 
wold that the Way from Cirecefier to Bath fhould be the very 
Foffc^ and the Way betwyxt Cirecefire toward GUeefiet to be 
an other of the iiii. Waves made by the Britons. Trc Abbat 
of 4Circeftre told me that abowt Cirecefire fhould be croi!e 
meating of al the iiii. Wayes. 

At Litle SubUri^ alias Sodbiri^ in Ghcefirejbire a xii. Miles 
from Brifiow as yt were by North Eft appereth on a Hille 
a ftrong Camp of Menne of Warre doble dichid. It is ufid 
now to be fowen by Mr. WaUhe. 
fipl. 6^. Kenchefier ftandeth a iii. Mylcs or more abore Hereford 
upward on the fame Side of tne Ryver that Herford doth; 
yet is yt almoft a Myle fro the Ripe of Wy. This Towne 
IS far more auncyent then Herford^ and was celebrated yn 
the Romajnes tyme, as appereth by many thinges. aiKl ef{ie- 
cyally by antique Mony of the defars very often fownd 
withyn the Towne, and yn Plowghyng abowt ; the which 
the People ther cawUeth Duarfes Monj. The Cumpac^ of 
Kencbeftre hath bene by Eftimation as much as Herford^ ex- 
cepting the CafteL the which at Herford ys very fpatiofe. 
Peaces of the Walles and Turrets yet appere frofe funia^ 
menta. and more fhould r have appered if tne People of Her- 
ford Town and other therabowt had not yn tymes pafte 
pulled down muche and pyked owt of the beft for there 



m Garmundes B. /S Reynoldus St^ 



t Towr. 1 wrougt. 3 fro. 4 Cirecefire. % hare hare apptred. 

Builds 



I^ELAND^S ITINERARY. tfj 

Buildinge^. Of late one Mr. Braht^n buylding a Place at 
StreMn a Myle from Kentbefire dyd fetch much tayled Stone 
there toward hi^ Buildinges. Iney told me ther that one 
M« U^gtsm ys Owner both of Kembifiir and Suttw. By 
lykelyhod Men of old tyme went by Knukefitr to iZfy. and 
io to gpfkmac and CWr Manhm. The Place wher the Town 
was ys al over growen with Brambles, Hafylles, and lyke 
I ^rubbes. Neverthelefle here and there yet appere Ruines 
of Buyldinges, of the which the folifch People cawUe on 
tie Kif^ ofFeyres Cb^e* Ther hath ben fownd Mfirm »#• 
moria Meres Britannici, & ix esfdem camsles^ aquic JuShUj 
tiffeUata favimeftht^ fr4gfife0Mm caUmU aurta^ eaiesr ex 
oTgente^ bv fide other ftrawne thinges. To be fhort, of the 
I>ecaye ot Kmeekefire Heefeetlxoic and florifhyd. Withowt 
foyle Ikffe^i y9 better iet as hard apon Wy HyTer, and fo 
nercr to the Paftures. But I cannot perceyve that Her^ori 
bad any great Begynning afore King Offm tyme, the wbtcii 
be al Aiikelyhod had a Palace at Sia$m. 

SiOtam ys a iiii. Myles from Hereferd^ wher appere no- 
table Rutoes of fum auncyent, and ^reae Buildinf:. It is 
thow|ht ther and a great slikeljhod is that it was ibmtyme 
the Manfion of King Ojfa^ at fuch tyme as Kmebeftre iloody 
or els Henfiri was i£egynnyttg. 

Mardeu Village is abowt a Myle from SMttmi^ and barde 
by vs a HU wfier, as men hVy & BAeHmtgbt was behed- 
dea. At the Village now is a tiur Chirche dedicate to hym. 
I thynk verely that he was flayn at SBtUm yn Kine G^i 
Howfe. The Name of Mardm femeth to expre£fe ftSir illkr* 
tyrs HmL 

Brehto^hire is very Montanius, and in &m «i Place very^ Fol.^; 
wooddy ; netherthelefle in the Valles fruteftil of Corn, and 
efpeciaily of Paftures. For the Walfchmenyn tymes paft, as 
they do almoft yet, did ftudy more to Paituraie then Tyl- 
ling, as Favorers of their confuete Idilnefs. Among al the 
Montaynes of that Shire Blaie Montayne is moft famofe. 
For he ftrecchith, as I hare lerned, his Rootes on one fide 
within a iiii. or v. Myles of Monemuthy and on the other 
Side as nere to Cairmeram. Though this be al one Montayne, 

Jet many Partes <tf him have fundry Karnes. Owt of this 
Montayne fpringeththe Heddes of iiii. famofe Ryvers, that 



m Sk* 



I Shurbbci. a lyktlyhod. 3 lykelyhod. 

be 



LELAND'S ITINERARY* 

be diverfe Cowrfys thorowgh Sowtb Wales at the laft Cditl 

irnto the Severn Se, Thcr be yn the Shir diverfe odief 
itle Rivers, of whom G/>tf/i«y writeth at lengthy asHodsmey 
that giveth the old Name to Bfeknoc^ that is to fay A^bo^ 
deney^ and LLeuemej that cummeth owt of A^terel Hylies^ 
the wich be cawlled in Walfch Memth e Cadair^ id eft m^mfet 
mlti infimr cathedrarunfy and fo defcendeth ynto Breiu^c 
Mere, the which is a ii. Myles in Lengeth^ and a Myle or 
more in Bredthe* This Lake is cawlied m Walfihe LUn 
Seuathan. Here one thing is to be noted^ that after a great 
Revne LLeueney cummeth owt of the Montaynes with fuch 
a Rage that he « bringging the Color of the Dark redde 
Sand with hym, and ys fene bv the Color wher he vio- 
lently paUeth thorowdhi the Mere, 
e Lake of Brecnok ons TYitmlALeueneyxttmtmmtoffizhom, 
I over, and than in a Glasbyrl a iii. M)[le8 from the Mry^ the 
le brelung maketh mer- which is in the right way betwixt Her-^ 
Noife t^ totam vici" ford and Breknoc. Looke more dili- 
gently for this Lake apon GiraldtifBook 
cawlled Itinerarium Camhia. In the « Lake be Umbers, yn 
Walfihe CangaMSy and great Store of Pykes, vwherof many 
cum into Wy River. 
The Town of Breknoc is welle wauUed, and hath a fedr 
, Caftel yoining to hit. The Duke of Bokingham was of late 
\ Lord there. In the Town /8 be .... . Paroche Chirches, 
I and withowt . . . There a late was a Celle oS Blak Monkes 
^ longing to Batayle Abbay. 
^8. ' Brekenok vf^Milii* iiii. Gates. Old Tort fiifertor ^ji^thc Hy 
Gate by North. Weft Gate by the Blake Freer. They be in 
. the Suburbe. Eft Gate^ Water Gate^ Camhrice yTortbene 
hichcaj i, e. Cuferior^ the Old Gate* 
[ide thes Gates is one Forthnt^ Brtdgate^ alias Weft Gate. 
)ut in the Beginning of Fortijfaxht lower gate, alias Eft Gate. 
)urbe I caullid alfo For^ Portaoure^ Water Gate^ alias Tortwiske. 
S. Maria. In the Towne is a mighti great Cbapely 

with a large Tour for Belles of harde 

m Bringethe St. B. ^ Thefe two lacunae are not fupflyd 
either by St. or B. y Porthene, the North Gate, Ould 
Gate, B. ^ caullii alfo Porthene S. Marias.] I think that 
after Porthene fhould be a full point, and that S. Maria 
ftiould be put in a diftind line, to fliew that the mighti g^reat 
Chafel here fpoke of was dedicated to St. Mary. 

x Lak. 

Ston 



LELAND'i ITINERARY. tfy 

St on coftcly fquared with the Expences of a thoufand Poundes. 

The Parodie was wher the Priori was, and was afore |- >*«»< 
ther or the Priori was made, and yet is. It ftondith North ^°**" 
withowt the Waulle apon the Ripe of Honddye. 

M 
The I Paroche of JJLauuays* L>Lan Chirch. Vais ext. acs. imvU 
^ S9 Ji diceres extra muros. ' It ftandeth betwixt the River of Uske 
^ ^ and Tyrtarelle Brooke, that [is] about the lower Ende of the 
fe^ Toun of J^rekenok. 

!="r- In the Eft Suburbe ys an Hofpitale with a Chai)el. s. Cdtani 

»2=r The Caftcl ftondith in the Suburbe and is devidid from 

Ei:^: the Touhe by Hondemey River^ over 

-nr the wich is a Hv Bridge of ii.» Arches Ther apperith Digging 
1^ A: to go into the Caftel, the wich is very wher Menne laborid to brit 
^^mit large,ftrong,welle mainteynid. and the a Peace of Hondy about to ii 
■r^ Keepe of the Caftel i§ very large and fulate Breienok with hit ac 
iclJ: faire. IVtske. 

rz z In the Toune is Market twys a Wecke Wenfday and Satur- 

■iS day. 

=3L There hath beene founde about the Toune in the Fceldcs 

'.a? IRomaine Queues. 

At the Ende of the lower Part of the Caftel cummithHiW- 
a f dey into Uske as foone as Wske is m one pafllid thorough the 
fl- great Bridge. 

X Uske Bridge at Brekenoc was throuen doun by the [Rage] 

X of Wske Water anno a(J. Henrici 8. die S. Hugonis. It 

was not by Rain but by Snow meltid that cam out of the 
Montaines. The Water A 3 ranne forward about the Toppe 
of the [Hy Bridge, and the Circle Mark apperithe almoftj to 
the Midde Waulof the Blake Freres 4[Cloiftre.] 

To the Lordiliip of Brekenoc longgith* but only the Market 
of Brekenok. 

In al the Lordftiip of Brekenoc was not in time of memori 
but the Priori of Blake Monkes in Brekenok a Cclle to 
Bataile* 
BarTfardus de novo mercatu was Founder of hit. 

yNanthonddye a Priori of Blake Chanons ftondith in thesuppreffid 

tlier cauillid H§nddje Stsde 

Vale of Ewas xiiii. Miles from s Brekenok. But it is a nother 

M Ones St. Deeft B. $ Ranne above the foppe B. 
y LLanthonddye 5^ LLan Nanthondy B. 

I Paroch. . t Arcbff . 3 nnoc a yard abovf 5r. fEClo]iftre. <• n— *- 
Vol. T. ^ 



66 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

HonJdye then that that cuinmkh to Brekenok. This Piiori 
was fair, and Aoode betwixt ii. great Hiiles 

For tne Parte « about Umddje Slsde fi it put be > likely- 
hodde Hochujflade. 

almoft V. EngUfch 

Artures Hitte is iii. good Ifklfche Miles South Weft from 
Brekenok, and in the veri Toppe of the Hille is afoirc 
Wellefpring. This Hille of fumme is countid the hieft Hille 
of Wales, and in a veri cleere day a Manne may fe from hit 
a Part ot Malvern Hiiles, and Gloaftre^ and Brifi^w, andPirt 
of Deven/bjr and Camva/e. Thcr y other diverfe Hiiles by 
Artures Hille, the wich, with hit, be communely caullid 
Bonne Brekeniauc. 

LUn Seuatham is a iiii. Myles by South South Eft from 
Brekenok. It is in Bredth a Mile, and a ii. Miles of Lenght. 
and wher as it is depeft a xiii. Fadom. On the one (idewei 
nere the Ripe is a Kindc of Weedes that goith alonge the 
LLin, whcrin the Spaune hath Socur, and alfo the grcate 
Filche. At great Windes the Water doth furjge ther mer- 
velufly. LLeueny ciimmith thorough this Lake, no great 
River, and after great Raine is parfightly fecnc ofredde Co- 
lor in the middeft of the Lake. After that it is frofen and 
with Thaue beginnith to breeke it makith fuch a Noife that 
a Man wold thmke hit a Thunder. It berith as the princi- 
pale Fifch a great Numbre of Bremes, and they ^appere in 
May in mightti Seniles, fo that fumtime they breke large 
Nettes: and ons frayed appereth [not in the ^Bryme of 
Fol. ^o, the Watar] that Yere againe. It bereth alfo good Pikes, 
and Perches in greate Numbre. Trowtes alfo, and Cheuyns 
by cumming in of LLeueny. 
Menne filche there %unnigneis, and they be very narow. 
The Hedde of the Lake wher LLeueny River cunimitb in 

• Wehset e 

is at Z Lanuihengle Kythedine. 
r4/* pro- ^^^ Ende is at LLanuihengle Tale LLin. 
prieftns. Tenkelthle Caftel ii. Mile from Brekenok. Ther on the 
farther Side of Uske, But ther is onely a faire Medow by- 
twixt Uske and hit. Sum fay that it longgid to th&M^r^mer. 
Syos the Lordlhip was dividid betwixt the Duke ofBoksTtg" 



« Above St. fi Is B. y Be divers other B. f Brimme 
B» • F. uncis ligneis. ^ LLanuifchael Kethedine St» 



t liktlyehodde. %• appc/re. 3 Talc propria fironf« 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY^ tfy 

bam^ and one of the « Heriertes of Montgameri. But the Ca- 
ftel longgith to the m Heretert. 

Biatm LLeuem in fum aUncient Writinges caullid Eitfri 
Caftel, and LLeueni Water caullid Eueri Brooke. 

The Honor of BAfi» Iil>«fw ftandr 
ing in a Valley ys in the IValfihe Taltr iiL Miles from FptkelthU^ 
gartk. wher is yet theShapeof a vcri and v. from Brekenek^ and 
fair (Jaftel now dekeiyng. and by was within a Mile of the Niere. 
a Borow Town now alio in Decay. 
Both lopggid to the Erie of Marcbe, Though BUmtULeu^ 
enl be in me Walfch Talegartby yet. the Tenauntes kep.e. the 
Englifch Tenor. 

LLangors Lordfhip in Talgarth is as a Membre to Blain 

Dinas Caftel ftondith a good Mi|e from Blan LLeneni 
apon a Topp of a notable Hme. It is 

now ruinus.almoft to the hard Ground, The People at)out Dtnas 
Therbemanifeft.Tokinsofiii.Wardes did bume Dhtas Caftel that 
waullid abowt. And therby was fum- Oene G/sndot/r fhuld not kepc 
time iii. Parkes, and a Foreft. The it for his Fouteres. 
Parkes be down, but yet good Plenty 
is ther of redde Deere. The Tenantes of I>i;yjif hold of the 
TValfcb Tenor. It is fct by like of one of the Hilles caullid 
3-Catbedrales. 

Part as fum fay of li'iLUnJii/aton is In th JFalfcb Taleg^art^ 
and Part in Brekenok Lordfmp, the whiche be devidid by 
^I^Lanfeuaion. 

la the Walfcb Talgar is no notable Town nor Caftel be- 
fides thes. 

LLeueny rifith in the Walfcb Talegart hard by Blam 

Ih the Englifcb Talezart is no notable Building but a litle 
Prifon by Talegmrtb Cnirch in the Town, and Mr. William 
Vehans Elquiers Place caullid Partbamal^ i. e. Porta cofi^^ half 
a Mile from Talegarth Chircb in the Valley. The Howfe hath 
a fair Gate and a ftrong Waul embatclid. 

Tretour^ a fmauUe Village ftonding on a litle Brooke, and vii. Milef 
within half a Mile of Wiske. Ther is a prety Caftel longg- from Urtkf 
ing now to the King, and therby alfo in the ViHage is a flur»»<; 
Place of HiTtrj Vehan Efquier. 



« HerbertesB. ^ L. LLinfeuatam* 



I Hereby nes of. % Chathednlei. 3 Llinferann. 4 Ucveny St, .A 

la Crege* 



6t LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Cra^us HoeHnMS a Mile from Cregebouel a preati Tounlet ftondith 
7>et0Mr^ and iiii. Miles from as in a Valley apon l^sk^ but by hit is 
Akergivenu an Hillc, and in the Valley hard by the 

Toune is a Caftel longging ons to the 
VaunsfarJy but now to the King. 
TVetoMT and Cregbouel fland in Eflrodnte Hundrede. 
The Hay x. Miles bi eft from Brfkmok. 



mGlhioch a Lordfhip within a Mile of the Hay. In it is 

no Market Toune nor Caftcl ; but at I^Lanig^ apperith i 
• A Place Tour tanquam noxlorum cufiodia defutata. 
Ail^roi. fi^Broyntt^s Caftel in the midde way betwix the Hay and 
lth^ Breknok. It ftandith in the Hundrede of CaKterceiy. 
Fol. 70. Buelth apon J^ is a good Market Toun, and ther is a fair 
Caftel of the Kmges. This Lordeflxip hath good Plenri of 
Woode. 

Lannedeu^ a Mile from Breienok^ a Lordfliip of the Bisfliops 
of S. Davld^ wher was fumtime a y veri Place of thcBisfhops, 
now DO thing but an onfemeli Ruine. 

The Archidiacon of Brekenok hath a Houfe even there, and 
that is alfo fallen douen for the more part. GhaUys makitb 
mention of this Houfe, 

Ther is a LUnne yn Low Eluel within a Mile of Taynes 
Caftel by the Chirch caullid LLanfedcr. The LUnne is 

qzmWxAI Bougkttinne^ and is of no great Quantitc, but is plen- 
tiful of Pike and Perche and Eles. 

Old 

• Hene Wy had a Courfe in Low Eluel nor far from the 
Chirch of G/afetiry^ but now he hath fuarvid his Courfe a 

food But Shotte of. Wher of old time he ran^ is now a 
'oole cawllid Henewy, wher in now be greate Luces and 
Tenchis. The Poole is of no greate Quantite. At Clu$me 
in the low Medow ii a preati Foole wherin be good Lucei 
and Tenchis. 

Poole 
( Loogb Tawe in Blake Montaine^ wher dim fay is the 

' 'I , n m ■ I ■ I ■ I , 

« Glendama St. male, Dzm^ifufra Un. omifk B. fi Broni- 
des B. y Sic Aut & St. Very fayre Place B. I Bougdea- 
ma LLinne St, Loughdama LLime B. maleuterque. • Old 
Hejie Wy St, ferferam. 5 Loogh Poole Tawe St. * Far 
thefeWofds Burton hath^ In this Place groweth Store of Hoi* 
lies. 

Heddc 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

Hedde of Tawe that cummith to Swanfey^ bredith no Fifche, 
and if Fifch be call into hit it dieth fliortely^ 

Part of Melennlth is welle wooddid. the other is but fcant, 
Ther is in Melennith Plenty in fum Places of Corn, and 
great Plenty of Grefs. In Melennith is a good breed of Horfe 
on a Montain cauUid Herdoei. Ther be left al maner of 
Catail al Winter, and prove welle» 

Comothuder is a prety Tounlet, and ther about Is Plenty 
of Wood. 

Honddye riiith at a Place cauUid Blainbonddy^ a vii. Miles £/4|«» 9 

thorough f»«^ 
from Brtkenok^ and in Brekenok Lordlhip, and rennith in a 
Valley caullid Dyffrtn Honddye. 

Wtsk rifith in Blake Montetn a x. 
Miles above Brekenoc toward Cairma' Sum fav that the Vers Erics 
d'me^ and fo rennith thoroug the litle of Ox/S^rawer caullid .^^^i« 
Foreft and great Foreft of Brekenok^ividi 

fo cummith thorough Redtryuu Bridge Redheu^ i. e. vadnmfraSum^ 
to Brekenok^ to A^erconureg a Maner 
Place of the Auhes^ to Fenkelthle^ to Creghoel^ to Atrege^ 
vent^ to Vske^ CaWleon^ Neufort. 

LLeueni rifith hard by BlainUeueni CafteL and fo within a 
Mile thorough LLin Seuatkan by BroynUes Caftel, and fo by 
I Glafetirl into ^ at a Place caullid Abrelleueny. 

Brennik rifith m one of the Hilles caullid Mennith e gader^ 
and rennith thorough Englifch Talegarth and by BroynUes 
Caftel into LLeueni at A^er Brennik. 

Brenych rifith a iii. Miles from Brekenok at a Place cauUid 

Blasn and cummith into IViske at Ajtrehrenych a- 

gainft Mr. Aubereis Maner, 

Ttrtarith a great Broke rifith in the Banne Hilles a v. 
Miles from Brekenok^ and cummith iatXi^Uske in Brekenok 
Suburbe by a Place caullid TVenewith, S. David Chirch in 
tlie Suburbe oi Brekenok ftoode ons on this Brooke, andfpillid 
4sBuvhne was remevid to an other Place, 

# 

The Hilles caullid in Walfch Munnith e gader appere in FoT.yf. 
Talegarth about DinaSy and fo to the Places about Nanthond-- 
dy^ and with fum Part of thes Montaines meate the greate 
Hilles caullid Banne Breheniauc^ and renneth in Leneht to 
the Blake Montaine to my Eftimation apon an xviii. Miles. 

When I approchid nere the Hay^ and began to dilcend FoLt^ 
from thens I faw on the hither Side oiWyz, good Mile from 



I GlafcherL 

the 



6% LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

for mGufmundes « Tower, as Leade covered, tad in it Afliei ifld; 
theie fay. Peacesof Bones. More theo ill. Tfixm 

of the old Town is now goodly Mt- 
dow Ground. The iiii. Part ys vet wel inhabited, having 
one Parocne Chirche very richely 
Ther is alfo a litle Chapel » wrought, and an Abbay of Blak Cha- 
ts an Almofe Houfe. nons ptnda$6re Henrico frim^. But 

there afore was a great Chlnb of Pre- 
bendaries. In the Body of the Chlrch in a fepulchre Crofle 
of White Marble is this [Infcription,] HscifcH ifRetnbal-. 
dus freshyter^ quondam tujus ecclefia deums^ \jd^ femfar0 £d- 
wardi regis Anglise canceBanMS.'] 

Cummyng jfrom Gloeefter to C^ecejfre tlmoft yn the Myd- 
dle Way betwyxt wher the Wood tayleth and Cbtfflpayne 
^^ Countery toward Cotefwold appcreth, tne fidre old Way made 
by the Britons ys very evidently feen, and fo goeth tM ftrayt 
as a Line to drecefler^ and fro thens to Bdtbe, But fum 
wold that the Way from Cirecefler to Bath fhould be the very 
Foffc^ and the Way betwyxt Grecefire toward GUufiet to be 
an other of the iiii. Waves made by the Britons. The Abbat 
of ^Ctrceftre told me that abowt Cirecejlre fhould be croi!e 
meating of al the iiii. Wayes. 

At Litle SuUiri^ alias SodBiri^ in Glocefirejbire a lit. Miles 
from Brijiow as yt were by North Eft appcreth on a HiUc 
a ftrong Camp of Menne of Warre doble dichid. It is ufid 
now to be fowen by Mr. Walche. 
fipl. 66. Kenchefter ftandeth a iii. Mylcs or more above Hereford 
upward on the fame Side of tne Ryver that Herfotd doth; 
yet is yt almoft a Myle fro the Ripe of Wy. This Towne 
IS far more auncyent then Herford^ and was celebrated yn 
the Romajnes tyme, as appererh by many thinges. and efpe- 
cyally by antique Monv of the defars very often fownd 
withyn the Towne, and yn Plowghvng abowt ; the wUch 
the People ther cawlleth Ibvarfes Many. The Cumpace of 
Kencbeftre hath bene by Eflimation as much as Herford^ ex- 
cepting the CafteL the which at Herford ys very fpatiofe. 
Peaces of the Walks and Turrets yet appere frofe fund4H 
menta. and more fhould 5 have appered if tne People of Her- 
ford Town and other therabowt had not yn tvmes pafle 
pulled down muche and pyked owt of the beft for there 



m Garmundes B. fi Reynoldus St^ 



t Towr. 1 wrougc. 3 fro. 4 Cireceftre. f hare hare apptred. 

Build- 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. tfj 

Buildinge^. Of late one Mr. Braht^n buylding a Place at 
StreMn a Mvle from Kejuheftrfdyd fetch much tayled Stone 
there toward hUl Buildinges. Iney told me ther that one 
M* U»gtmm ys Owner both of Kencbifiir and Suttw. By 
lykeiyhod Men of old tyme went by Kmcbejler to Hsy^ and 
ip to gpfkmac and CWr Marihm. The Place wher the Town 
was ys al over growen with Brambles, Hafylles, and lyke 
I ^rubbes. Neverthelefle here and there yet appere Ruines 
of Buyldinges, of the which the foiifch People cawUe on 
tie Kii^ ofFeyrft Ch^e* Ther hath ben fownd nefirm »#• 
moria latins Britannici, & tx tifJem camales^ aqi/st dn&vi^ 
teffeUata favmenta^ fri^tmtum catntuls aurta^ taUar ex 
argente^ by fide other ftrawne thinges. To be fhort, of the 
I>ecaye ot Kemkefire Heffiir4xo& and florifhyd. Withowt 
foyle Herf^i y9 better iet as hard apon Wy HyTer, and fo 
nerer to the Paftures, But I cannot perceyve that Herrfori 
had any great Begynning afore King Offm tyme, the ¥&cfa 
be al » iikelyhod had a Palace at Siatm. 

Sutfem ys a iiii Myles from Htrrferd^ wher appere no- 
table Rutnes of fum auncyent, aadf greae BuUdin^:. It is 
thow|ht ther and a great slikeljhod is that it was lumtyme 
the Manfion of King Offa^ at fuch tyme as Kmnkeftre flood, 
or eU Herfird was i£egynnyttg. 

Mardem Village is abowt a Myle from ArZ/oa, and barde 
by vs a Hil w£er, as men hVy & EtbMritgbt was behed- 
ded. At the Village now is a tiur Chirche dedicate to hym. 
I thynk verely that he was flayn at SBtt^m yn Kine G^i 
Howfe. The Name of Mardtu feoieth to expre£fe ftSir illkr* 
tyrs HU. 

Breim^hire is very Montanius, and in &m «i Place, very^ Fol.^/; 
wooddy ; netherthelcfle in the Valles fruteful of Corn, and 
e^eciaiily of Paftures. For the }>Faifcbmenm tymes paft, as 
they do almoft yet, did ftudy more to Paftura^ then Tylk 
ling, as Favorers of their confuete Idilnefs. Among al tne 
Montaynes of that Sybire B/aie Mmtayne is moft famofe. 
For he ftrecchith, as I have lerned, his Rootcs on one fide 
within a iiii. or v, Myles of Monemuthy and on the other 
Side as nere to Cairmerdin. Though this be al one Montayne, 
yet many Partes rf him have fundry Karnes. Owt of this 
MOBtayne fpringeththe Heddes of iiiiw fiEtmofe Ryvers, that 



Sic, 



I Shurbbci. & lyktlyliod. % lykelyhocU 

be 



/ 

/ 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY* 

be diverfe Cowr^s thorowgh Sawtb Wales at the laft cam 
ynto the Severn Se. Thcr be )rn the Siir diverie othct 
litle Rivers, of whom GirjtMvxwriceth at lengthy zsHeJentj 
that giveth the old Name to Bfekwoc^ that is to tky .Aherbe^ 
ienej^ and LLeuenej that cummeth owt of AJ^terel Hyllcs, 
the wich be cawUed in Walfcb Mmetb e Cadmir^ id eft m&nies 
mlti infimr cathedrarum^ and fo defcendeth ynto Breim^c 
Mere, the which is a li. Myles in Lengeth^ and a Myle or 
more in Bredthe. This Lake is cawlied m Walfche LUm 
Seuathan. Here one thing is to be noted^ that after a great 
Reyne LLeueney cummeth owt of the Montaynes with fuch 
a Rage that he m bringging the Color of the Dark redde 
Sand wich hym, and ys fene by the Color wher he vio- 
lently paflfeth thorowgh the Mere. 
The Lake of Brecnok ons ThensLL^fxu^rennemintol^abowt 
frofen over, and than in a Glaslmi a iii. lAy\ts from the nay^ the 
Thaue brelang maketh mer- which is in the right way betwixt Hpt- 
velus Noife fer totam vici" ford and Breknoc. Looke more dili- 
niam. gently for this Lake apon GtraldnsBock 

cawlied Itinerarium CamhrU. In the « Lake be Umbers, yn 
Walfche Cangans^ and great Store of Pykes, \Wherof many 
cum into Wy River. 

The Town of Breknoc is welle wauUed, and hath a fair 

Caftel yoining to hit. The Duke of Bokingham was c»f late 

I Lord there. In the Town iS be . .. . . Paroche Chirches, 

I and withowt • . • There a late was a Celle of Blak Monkes 

^ longing to Batayle Abbay. 

rol.68. Brekenok wmllid* iiii. Gates. Old Vort fuferioTj^^tiit Hy 

Gate by North. Wefi Gate by the Blake Freer. They be in 

the Suburbe. Eft Gate^ Water Gate^ CamMce yFcrtbene 

hichca^ i. e. fuferior^ the Old Gate. 

Befide thes Gates is one Portiont^ Brtdgate^ alias Weft Gate. 

without in the Beginning of Ports ffatht lower gate, alias Eft Gate. 

a Suburbe ^ caullid alfo Por- Portdoure^ Water Gate^ alias Partwiske. 

thene S. Maria. In the Towne is a mighti great Chapel, 

with a large Tour for Belles of harde 

* Bringethe St. B. ^ liefe two lacunae are not fufflfd 
either by St. or B. y Porthene, the North Gate, Ould 
Gate, B. ^ caullid alfo Porthene S. Marias.] I think that 
after Porthene ftiould be a full point, and that S. Maria 
Ihould be put in a diftind line, to fhew that the mighti great 
Chafel here fpoke of was dedicated to St. Mary. 

1 Lak. 

Ston 



LELAND'i ITINERARY. tfy 

Ston coftelyfquared with the Expences of athoufand Poundes. 

The Parodie was wher the Priori was, and was afore s. >^«»m 
ther or the Priori was made, and yet is. It ftondith North j^°^*' 
wichowt the WauUe apon the Ripe of Honddye. 

M 

The » Paroche of LLanuays. 'LLan Chirch. Vais ext. acs, DMvidit. 
Ji dicer es extra muros, ' It ftandeth betwixt the River of Uske 
and TyrtareUe Brooke, that [is] about the lower Ende of the 
Tout; of 9rekenok. 

In the Eft Suburbe ys an Hofpitale with a Chapel. s. Caurinel 

The Caftel ftondith in the Suburbe and is devidid from 
the Touhe by Kondeney River^ over 

the wich is a \{^ Bridge of ii. » Arches Ther apperith Digging , 
to go into the Caftel, the wich is very wher Menne laborid to bring 
large,ftron8;,welle mainteynid. and the a Peace of Hondy about to in- 
Keepe of the Caftel is very large and fulate Brekenok with hit and 
faire. fVtske. 

In the Toune is Market twys a Weeke Wenfday and Satur- 
day. 

There hath beene founde about the Toune in the Feeldes 
'Romaine Quenes. 

At the Ende of the lower Part of the Caftel cummith Hand' 
dey into Uske as foone as Wske is m one paffid thorough the 
great Bridge. 

Uske Bridge at Brekenoc was throuen doun by the [Rage] 
of Wske Water anno 16. Henrici 8. die S. Hugonis. It 
was not by Rain but by Snow meltid that cam out of the 
Montaines. The Water A 3 ranne forward about the Toppc 
of the [Hy Bridge, and the Circle Mark apperithe almoftj to 
the Midde Waul of the Blake Freres 4 [Cloiftre.] 

To the Lordfliip of Brekenoc longgith but only the Market 
of Brekenok. 

In al the Lordfliip of Brekenoc was not in time of memori 
but the Priori of Blake Monkes in Brekenok a Celle to 
Bataile. 

Barr^rdus de novo mticatu was Founder of hit. 

yNanthenddye a Priori of Blake Chanons ftondith in theSuppreffid. 

tlier caull id Htnddye SImU 

Vale of Ewtas xiiii. Miles from s Brekenok. But it is a nother 

m Ones St. Deefi B. 3 Ranne above the foppe B. 
y LLanthonddye St. LLan Nanthondy B. 

1 Paroch.. « Archil. 3 nnoe t yard abovt 5r. 4.[Clo]iftre. j Breknok. Bus 
Vol. y. I Honddje 



66 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Honddye then that that cummnh to Brekenok. This Pnori 
was fair, and ftoode betwixt ii. great Hiiles 

For the Parte « about Kmddye Sisde ^8 it put be > likely- 
hodde UocbujJUde. 

almoft ▼. ^gUfS 

Artures HiBe is iii. good Ifklfebe Miles South Weft from 
Brekenok J and in the veri Toppe of the HiUe is afaire 
Wellefpring. This Hille of fumme is countid the hieft HiiJe 
of IVales^ and in a veri cleere day a Manne mav fe from hit 
a Part of Malvern Hilles, and Qlocefire^ and Brifimw^ and Part 
of Devsnfbir and Comwale. Ther r other diverfe Hilles by 
Artures Hille, the wich, with hit, be communely cauUid 
Bimne Brfkeniauc. 

LUn Seuatham is a iiii. Myles by South South Eft from 
Brekenok. It is in Bredth a Mile, and a ii. Miles of Lenght. 
and wher as it is depeft a xiii. Fadom. On the one fide wel 
nere the Ripe is a Kinde of Weedes that goith alonge the 
LUn^ wherin the Spaune hath Socur, and aUi> the grcate 
Fil'che. At great Windes the Water doth furge ther mer- 
velufly. LLeuenj aimmith thorough this Lake, no great 
River, and after great Raine is parfightly feene ofredde Co- 
Jor in the middeft of the Lake. After that it is frofen and 
with Thaue beginnith to breeke it makith fuch a Noife that 
a Man wold thmke hit a Thunder. It berith as the princi- 
pale Fifch a great Numbre of Bremes, and they atapperein 
May in mightti ScuUes. fo that fumtime they breke large 
Nettes : and ons frayed appereth [not in the ^ Bryme of 
Fol. ^o, the Watar] that Yerc againe. It bereth alfo good Pikes, 
and Perches in greate Numbre. Trowtes alio, and Cheuyns 
by cumming in of LLeueny. 

Menne fiiche there tuniiigneiSj and they be very narow. 

The Hedde of the Lake wher LLeueny River cummith in 

• Wehsel e 

is at 5 Lanulhengle Kythedine, 
r^/^ pro- T^^ Ende is at LLanuthengle Tale LLin. 
\ntflns, Tenkelthle Caftel ii. M:ie from Brekenok. Ther on the 
farther Side of Uske, But ther is onely a faire Medow by- 
twixt Uske and hit. Sum fay that it longgid to t\i& Mortimer. 
Syos the Lordfliip was dividid betwixt the Duke of Boking- 

M Above St. fi Is B. y Be divers other B. ^ Brimme 
B. • F. uncis ligneis. { LLanuifchael Kethedine 5/. 



t liktlyehodde. %■ spptyre. 3 T«Ie propria Iroof. 

kam^ 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 6t 

ham^ and one of the « Herhertes of Montgomery But the Ca- 
ftel longgith to thQaHerehert. 

Blaiu LLeueni in fum auncient Writinges caullid Eum 
Caftel, and LLeueni Water caullid Eueri Brooke. 

The Honor of BAji» IiJLei^ttM ftand- 
ing in a Valley ys in the Walfche Taler iii. Miles from PfnkeMIe^ 
gartk. wher is yet theShapeof a veri and v. from Brekenok^ and 
fair Caftel now dekeiyng. and by was within a Mile of the Mere, 
a Borow Town now alio in Decay. 
Both longgid to the Erie of Marcbe, Though Blaine LtLeu-^ 
eni be in the Walfih. Talegarthy yet the Tenauntes kep.e. the 
Englifch Tenor. 

LLangors Lordfhip in Talgarth is as a Membre to Blain 
LLeueny. 

Dinas Caftel ftondith a good Mile from Blan LLeueni 
apon a Topp of a notable Hflle. It is 

now ruinus.almoft to the hard Ground. The People about Dinas 
TherbemanifeftTokinsofiii.Wardes did bume Dinas Caftel that 
wauUid abowt. And therby was fum- Oene G/inJour {huld not kepc 
time iii. Parkes, and a Foreft. The it for his Fouteres. 
Parkes be down, but yet good Plenty 
is ther of redde Deere. The Tenantes of Dinas hold of the 
JValfch Tenor. It is fet by like of one of the Hilles caullid 
^Cathedrales. 

Part as fum fay of /8 3 LLinfeuaton is in th Walfch Talegart^ 
and Part in Brekenok Lordimp, the whiche be devidid by 
^LLinfeuaton. 

In the Walfch Talgar is no notable Town nor Caftel be- 
fides thes. 

LLeueny rifith in the Walfch Talegart hard by Blain 
LLeuen^. 

In the Englifch Talegart is no notable Building but a litle 
Prifon by Talegarth (Jhirch in the Town, and Mr. William 
Vehans Elquiers Place caullid PorthamaL i. e. Porta cofia^ half 
a Mile from Talegarth Chirch in the Valley. The Howfe hath 
a fair Gate and a ftrong Waul embatelid. 

Tretour^ a fmaulle Village ftonding on a litle Brooke, and vii. Miles 
within half a Mile of Wiske. Ther is a prety Caftel lotigg- from Bnkf 
ing now to the King, and therby alfo in the Village is a flur»»<r 
Place of Henry Vehan Efquier. 



« Herbertes B. /S L. LLinfeuaSam^ 



1 Herebenesof. » Chathedralei. 9 Llin/evatan. 4 Llcvcny .Sr. -A 

la Crege^ 



I 



6t LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Cra^MS Hoe/hus a M ile from Cregekouel a preati Tounlct ftondith 
'Dretour^ and iiii. Miles from as in a Valley apon Wiskj but by bit is 
jitergtveni. an Hille, and in the Valley hard by the 

Toune is a Caftel longging ons to the 
Taunsford^ but now to the King. 
Tretour and Creghouel ftand in Eftrodeve Hundrede. 
The Hay x. Miles bi eft from Breknok. 

ddma 

uGlinboch a Lordfhip within a Mile of the Hay. In it is 

no Market Toune nor Caftel ; but at LLainigd apperith % 
* u ^''% Tour tanquam noxlorum cujiodia defutata. 
Ai/L?^- fi'^Broynttss Caftel in the midde way betwix the Hay and 
ith". ' Breknok. It ftandith in the Hundrede of Canterceh. 
Fol. 70. Buehh apon ^ is a good Market Toun, and tner is a fair 
Caftel of the Kmges. This Lordeflxip hath good Plenri of 
Woode. 

Lannedeu^ a Mile from Brekenok^ a Lordlhip of the Bis(hop$ 
of S. Davld^ wher was fumtime a y veri Place of theBisfhops, 
now no thing but an onfemeli Ruine. 

The Archidiacon of Brekenok hath a Houfe even there, and 
that is alfo fallen douen for the more part. Glraldys makith 
mention of this Houfe. 

Ther is a LLixne yn Low Eluel within a Mile of Ti^es 
Caftel by the Chirch caullid LLanpedcr. The LUnne is 

ddmd 

QzuWidl BougkUinnc^ and is of no great Quantitc, but is plen- 
tiful of Pike and Perche and Eles. 

Old 

• Hene Wy had a Courfe in Low Eluel nor far from the 
Chirch of Glafehiry^ but now he hath fuarvid his Courfe a 
good But Shottc of. Wher of old time he ran^ is now a 
Poole cawUid Henewy^ wher in now be greate Luces and 
Tenchis. The Poole is of no greate Quantite. At Cbnme 
in the low Medow i^ a preati Poole whcrin be good Luces 
and Tenchis. 

Poole 
{ Loogb Tawe in Blake Montame^ wher fiim fay is the 

'- ^ ' ■ ■'■■ ' I ' ■ ' ■ ■ . 

'm Glendama St. male, Dzmz fufra lin. omifh B. fi Broni- 
cles B. y Sic Aut & St. Very fayre Place fi, I Bougdea* 
ma LLinne St. Loughdama LLime B. male ut^que. t Old 
Hene Wv St. ferperam. 5 Loogh Poole Tawe St. ♦ For 
thefe Words Burton hath^ In this Place growcth Store of Hol- 
lies. 

Heddc 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

Hedde of Tawe that cummith to Swanfey^ brcdith no Fifche, 
and if Fifch be caft into hit it dieth Ihortely^ 

Part of Melenmth is welle wooddid. the other is but fcant, 
Ther is in Melennlth Plenty in fum Places of Corn, and 
great Plenty of Grefs. In Melennith is a good breed of Horfe 
on a Montain cauUid HerdoeL Ther be left al maner of 
Catail al Winter, and prove welle» 

Comothuder is a prety Tounlet, and ther about is Plenty 
of Wood. 

Honddje rifith at a Place cauUid BUinbonddy^ a vii. Miles s/4^, « 

thorough P®"^ ^ 
from Brtkenok^ and in Brekenok Lordfhip, and rennith in a 
Valley cauUid J>ySrm Honddje. 

JVtsk rifith in Blake Montein a x. 
Miles above Brekenoc toward Cairma-- Sum fav that the Vers Erics 
dme^ and fo rennith thoroug the litle of Oxfora wcr caullid Auttesm 
Foreft and great Foreft of Brekenok^zxA 

fo cummith thorough Redhjuu Bridge Redireu^ 1. e. vadftmJraSttm, 
to BreieTtotj to Aberconureg a Maner 
Place of the Aubres^ to Venkelthle^ to Creghoel^ to JUrege- 
veni^ to Ufke^^ Calrlem^ Neufort. 

LLeueni riuth hard by BlainBeueni CafteL and fo within a 
Mile thorough LLin Seuatkan by BrojnUes Caftel, and fo by 
I Giafeiiri into U^^tA Place caullid Atrelleueny. 

Breimik rifith m one of the Hilles caullid Jifenniflf e gader^ 
and rennith thorough Englifch Talegarth and by BroynUes 
Caftel into LLeueni at Aber Brennik. 

Brenych rifith a iii. Miles from Brekenok at a Place caulHd 

Blain and cummith into IViske at Ajbrehrenych a- 

gainft Mr. Auhereis Maner, 

Ttrfarith a great Broke rifith in the Banne Hilles a v. 
Miles from Brekenok^ and cummith iatx^^Uske in Brekenok 
Suburbe by a Place caullid lyenewitb. S. Davtd Cbirch in 
the Suburbe of Brekenok ftoode ons on this Brooke, andfpiUid 
^Buvione was remevid to an other Place, 

# 

The Hilles caullid in Ifalfih Munnlth e gader appere in Fof. yu 
Talegarth about Dinas^ and fo to the Places about Nanthond- 
dy^ and with fum Part of thes Montaines meate the greate 
Hilles caullid Banne Breheniauc^ and renneth in Lenght to 
the Blake Montalne to my Eftimation apon an xviii. Miles. 

When I approchid nere the Hay^ and began to difcend Tohj^ 
from thens I faw on the hither Side ofWy^ good Mile from 



9 GlafeberL 



70 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

fhi Ray the CaM of Otr^*^. After pafling over IP^ River, 
the which for lak of good Knoideg yn mcf of the Foordc 
did fore troble my Horfe, I cam in crePitfatlo to the Hay. 
. The liay ftondith hard apon J^, and yet fheuith the To- 
ken of a right ftrong WauUe, having ih hit iii. Gates and 
i Pbfterne. Ther is alfo a Caffel, the which fumtime hath 
bene right ftately. 

Within the Toune is but one poore Parbche. In theSub- 
urbe hard by ^ is a Paroche Cnirch meately fair. Ther is 
ilfo ih the Suburbe a Chapel wher on a'Sunday I hard Mrffe. 
Not far from the Paroche Chirch in the Suburbe is a great 
routtde Hille of Yerth caft up by Mennes FJondes other for 
a Wynd Mille to ftond apon, or rather fof' fiim Fortres of 
BataiUe. 

The Toun of the Hay yet hath a Mai-ket,^ but the Toun 
within the Waulies is wonderfully decaied. The Ruine is 
« adfcribed to Oene Gllndour. 

One (hewid me in the Town the P^uines of a Gentilman's 
Place caullid Waulwlne^ be whofe nieattes Prince JLLutelm 
was fodenli taken at Buelth C^&el^ and ther beheddid, and 
his Hedde fent to the Kiuge. 

Bulejfe a prpty River rirnig in the Mbhtinnes about a iii. 
Myles from Hay cummeth even thorough the Toun, and 
ftrait into Wi without the Eft Gate of the Town. In Feldes 
hard by in PloUghyng hath be founde » ofttitnes mnmfimaa 
'komanorum^ the wich ther communely be caullid the 
Jewis Mony. 

The Tounne longgid to the Duke of Bokingham. It pcr- 
teinith now to the Lord Staford his Sonne. Artures HiBe, 
and fumme other of the rBank]nes veri manifeftly apere to 
a Man loking out of the W[eft Gate] of Hay. 

Gumming to the midde Way bytwixt the Hay attd Brekmi 
I left on the lift rfoncfe the great Ruines of the Caftel of 
BroynUes in Canfereelt^ ah'd faw. oh the lifte Hond alfo d n. 
Miles from Broynlles on t!he Top^ie of an Mile the Rum^ 
of Dinas Caftel. 

And then to Brekenoky wher nere to thidToune I cam ftiWe 
doune Hilles, feing Honddye Riv^i*, aiwi thfe Foote entcritf 
into the Suburbe or Br ekenok by Toft Hei^e. 

Going from Brekenok toward LLinfeuatban a ii. Miles out 

of Bf^kenok 1 faw the Caftel of mTenkekhle^ leving it on the 
«i Peoigkekhle St. 
I adfcribid. % offtiinet. Jxfte 



l;e.l,an D's J T I :^r,E ji aji.y. y, 

lifte Honde. And at the LLinn/fuathan I.faw oji the right 
Honie fcznt z Mile of Blat^Beueny C^&eh * ' 

Going (romBreknqk to £ngifJcb'Hfgarth Chirch, and (o 
to Mr. William P'elidns dwelling at Varthamalll^t^ ilftibft 
at Talgarth Chirch, BraynUes almoft a Mile on the liftc 
Honde, znA Dinas a li. Miles on the right Hond. 

Gumming from Bre^^wri* toward .LL»»<wwfW<r/ within Icffe 
then iii. J/liles I enterid ^nto the £reat Toreli of Brekmokj 
wher Menne of late were not wpnt'p pafle without tbllexhc Forrft 
of Mony. and £d thorough that a^«i5. to the litl6*Forcft, is in jia^fc 
leving Wi^k alway on the right Hond, and about the lEnde of ca»l'idM4#. 
the litle Foreft 1 faw a litlePile onWTjit^ ftrohgli buildid a8^'^» * ' f*- 
a Logge. The People fay. ther that it was buildid of a Ladi ''^rj^r. 
the wich. alfb builcfiffmucn of Br^knojt » Caftell, caujlid ^It 

yAlhere. This was flie that fum caul Matahune^ of whom 

fo many Fables be told as of a ^ Wiche. And 3 about a Mite 
thens 1 cam to ^Trff/f/?^/ Tlpune, fumtin^e a large B6V6w 
and Market, noW much in Ruine, wblprby yet appeHth^tBe 
Ruines of a. Cafteh In the' Botom' of this Toun renn)th 
Lyggun^ a Brooke rifing a ii. Miles of in a Marifch on the 
Side of an Hille, and by Trecaftel rennith into ff^ske. Ther 
is Buillding on the farther Side of this River hard joining to 
Trecajlely and is cauUid the Bisjhpfs Ihun^ and it kepith Law- 
day at LLanldew] Lordfhip a IVlile. from Brekehok as Tre^ 
€afiel^[^otheztBrekenokJ\ 
Then pafling upwarde the Hille a Mile and more I lefc on foL 75. 

u 

the right Honde Munmth 1 de the Blake Montaine, and a ii. 
Myles thens alfo on the lift Hond apperid the Place wher 
the JRiver of IVtske doth fpringe, as owt of a Fontaine or 
Welle cauUid BlaiT^iske. 

The Ground from ^Trecafiel to LLanameueri is hilli, for 
the moft part baren of Wood, but toward the Valley wherin 
LLanameueri is fct meately plenteful ^of Failure and Corlie. 

And here marke that not xxx. Teres ago ther was nother 

m Adde Myle cum St. (^ B. iS L. feraventure. y Vfzfu^ 
fra lin. deeft in St. «l Saga fupra lin. deefi inSu • Den. St. 
Z of Pajiure and Corne.'] .So I have printed it, tho* 'tis of 
for and in the Orig. 



t perayeocure. 1 Caftel. i about Mile. 4 doich [at Brekenok.] 

Barley 



7x L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Barley fowid in the Lordfhip of Bnkenok nor LLiOnameum^ 
but Inhabitantes did by th^ir Barlei owt of the Partes of Etr^ 
fordfblre^ and moche other Cornc, wher as now thei have 
ynough for their oune ufe and alfo to felle. 

About a «iii. a this fide LLanamuery is a Rillet of veri 
bare Screame, wher is a limes betwixt the Lordfliippe felf of 
Breienpk and LLanameueri. 

jyicaftel is a ix. Miles from Brekenoij /3and Brekitok^ and 
IslfMUimtueri is vi. Milis thens. 

A litle or I cam to LLanameueri I paflid over a Brooke 
caullid Guitberiiy whos Courfe was not long or it cam into 

# 
Te9e not far from the Toune of LLanamuery. 

Nor far of this Brooke I cam over Brane River that ri- 
fith a xii. Miles of, and cummith hard by the Foote of LLe* 
mameueri Cafteh 

And even almoft by hit paflid over the litle Brooke of 
Eueri^ renning thoroug the middes of the Toun of LLa- 
nameueri. So that the Caftel hath on the one fide Brane 
River, and on the other Euery Brooke. 

Brane a litle beneth Cajlel, and alfo Euery goith into the 

great River of Tawe. 

LLanameueri a poore Market, much (landing by Repears 
that cary Fifche from the Quarters of Cmrmardkne to the 
y lowers Partes of Wales ^ hath but one Streate, and that 
1 poorley buildid of thatchid Houfes. To the Tounlet longg- 
itn on Chirch withyn, and a nother a Qujirter of a Mile oute 
of the Toune. 

Pafliag owt of LLanameueri within a ii. Forow lenght I 

e 

rode over the River of Towe^ the wiche ther oftentimes 
dronith in Winter divers Menne for lakke of a Bridge, and 
thens or I cam to Abremarlais iiii. Miles of I paflid over ii» 
Brokes whereof the one was caullid Munneys. 

Marleis Broke maketh no great Courfe, but cumming 
thorough the Parke that he givith Name onto goith into 
Tewi. In Marleis Parke is a welle favorid Stone Place motid^ 
new mendid and augmentid bi Sir Rhefe af Thomas. Ther 
now dwellithe Thomas af Jonjs an Efquier. 

« Adde Myles cum St. &, B. ^ Sic etiam in St. fed and 
Breknok defunt tn B. y Lower St. B. 



1 poorely. Jbe 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. 75 

The Grond bytwixt LLanameueri and Atremarlais is well 
wooddid. t 

C I lernid at LLanameueri that Tewe cummith by LLan^ 
< gerik in Tow'tjland in the Lordfliip of Amfile^ and that is falfe * 
C Hedde is not far thens. 4 
Gumming from Ahemarleis a ii. Miles toward Cattmat^ 
' dine I faw on the right Hond about a iii. Miles of the de- 
i folate Priori of White Chanons, communely caullid mTal-^ 
ley alias* 
Again forward to good Miles more I rode doun into a 
' greate Botom wherin ranne the preti River of Dules and fo 

into Tme. 

But or I came into the Vale I efpied on the right Hond 
\ the Gaftel of pineuer by Eftimatioft a iii. Miles of in cite^ 
riori rifa Teifli. 

From this Dulejfe about a ii. Mile farther I paffid over 

a nother caullid And a iii. or iiii. Miles 

beyond that I roode over a nother Riverct caullid Dules that 

« 
goith into Tame hard bv Drijlan Caftel. 

Dryjlan (as I lernid; is as moch to fay as a ilace ful of FoL 742 
Difficulte and Encomhrance to faffe thorough. 

A iii. Miles beyound this 1 paffid over a great Bridge, 
under the wich rennith the fair River of Cothey and not 

# 
veri far into Tome. 

And fo thorow a litle Valle, hi Hilles being on eche Side, 
onto Abreguile a iii. Miles or more, wher is a fair CoUegiatei 
Chirch ofrrebendaries longging to S. David. 

And a Mile thens to Cairmardein, 

From Cairmardine to Cowen Bridge. Cowen rifith at Blain^ 
cowen a ii. Miles or more above the Bridge, and after into 
Taue River. g 

From Duddey $ » a Flint fhot of to Carthkiny River that ren- vtomCtmtm 
nith under the Townlet of y Saind Clare. Bridge to 

■ ■ ' ■■vcrct, 

Priory of Talley AUians in ora Codlcis Stoveani. Tofi 
lias in Cod. B. funSta quin^ue fonuntur. fi a Flint Jbot^ So in 
he Orig. a mark for an n being made over the /. tho* I 
think that it fliould be rather///, y Seint David St. 



I flic fliot There is only a Point over the /. 
, Vol f. K From 



74 LELAND'S ITINERARY- 

From thens to WbHland apon Tane iiii. Miles. 
But or I cam to Whitlamdl paffid over the Brooke of Vemj, 
As I here lay ther is a Foreft by LLanumdemery. 
But bytwixt Cssrmardm and WKtland is in no Place fiich 
Plenti ot Wood as is at Jfbitland felf Handing in % vaft 
Wood as in a Wildemes. Mocb Ground othcrwife and 
Hilles abowt hit baren of Wood. 

From fPbitlamlpdSxig toward LLatrfetb half a Mile owt 
of mni^ttul I paflid over the litle Brc^e of Marleh^ and fo 
continuing my Jomey by meane Hilles and Dales cam to 

LIuMifetb viherhj the BisfhoD of S.DaviiFs hath a Place of 
Stoone after Caftel Fafcion ftonding ii on . . . Brooke 
that goith to the fait Water by Fenh^ke. 

Bjrtwixt Whitland and I^tJ/rfeth is xii. Walfibi Miles, con'- 
teining abowt an kviii. Englifch Miles. 

Al the hy Way betwixt Whttland and Lljmfetb is almoft 
hethy, yet on everi Side fumwhat diftant I du in Valleis 
and on rlille Sides ^ood Corne. 

But the Ground is fumwhat baren of Wood, as al Ven^ 
Irool^ire almoft is, except wher a few Parkes be. But the 
Ground in divers Partes of TetUfrokefhlre berith Se Coles, 
wherwith communely the People make Fier and with Firres. 
as thei do alfo ibontCalrmardine^ though ther be better Plena 
of Wood. Bi one of thes Coles Pittes being a iiii. Miles 

i 

from LLanfeth I cam. 

Alfo almoft in the midde Wai betwixt WUtlamd and 
LLanfeth I faw a Place on the right Hand as it wer a Caftel 
diftant by Eftimation a iii. Miles. 

And within a ii. Miles of LLanfeth on the right Hond I 
faw the Caftel of Carew repairid or magnificently buildid by 
« Rhefe ap Thomas. It ftondith by a Creke of Mlfard Haven. 

From LLanfeth to Fenhok is but a good Mile. 

Penhoke ftandith apon an Arme of Milford^ the wich a- 
bout a Mile beyond the Towne creketh in fo that it almoft 
peninfulatith the Toune that ftandith on a veri maine Ilokki 
Ground. 

The Toune is welle wauUid and hath iii. Gates by Eft." 
Weft and North, of the wich the Eft Gate is faireft and 



ii On a Broke St. 

I ^r Rhefe. ft«)ngcft. 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 7? 

ftrongeft, having afore hit a compafid Tour not rofid, in the 
entering whcrofis a Portcolys ex folsdo firro. 

The Caftel ftondith hard by the Waul on a hard Rokke, 
and is veri lar^ and ftrong, beins doble wardid. In thd 
utter Ward I faw the Chaumbre wner King Henri the vij. 
was borne, in Knowlege wherof a Chymmeney is new made 
with the Armes and Badges of Kiiig Henri the vii. In th^ 
Botom of the great ftronge rownd Tower in the inner Ward 
is a mervelus Vault caullid th^ Hogan. The Toppe of this 
round Towr is gatherid with a Rofe of Scone almoft in cor 
num^ the Top wnerof is keverid with a flat Millc Stone. 

In the Toune be a ii. Paroche Chirchis, and one in the 
Suburbe, 

Montaine > a Celle of Blak Monkes in the Suburbe is fup*- 
preilid. 

The Toune hath bene welle «build, and the Eft Suburbe 
hath bene almoft as great as the Toun, but now it is totally 
yn Ruine. 

Gumming from LLanfeth towarde Tinblghe I rode by a ^^ is* 
ruinus Waulle of a Parke fiimtime longging to Syr "Rhefe^ 
now voide of Dere. In the Parke is veri Etle or no hye 
Woode, but Shrubbis and Fyrris, like as is in the ii. Parkes 
about Catew waullid with Stones. 

The Chirch of S. Florein and Tounlet is in a Botom by 
the Parke. 

A litle beyond this as more then half way betwixt Fentroke 
and Tlnbi^ apperid the Caftel of Matnorftrrhe a Mile of on 
the right Hande. It ftandith as it were betwixt to pointing 
Hillettes, betwene the wich the Severn Se gulfith in almolc 
the length of a Carter of a Milp. 

Thens to TfniigE 

a Tinhlgh Town ftondith on a main Rokke, but not veri hy, 
and the Severn Se fo gulfeth in about hit, tnat at the ftil Se 
almoft the thirde Part of the Toune is inclofid with Water, 
The Toune is ftrongeli waullid, and welle gatid, everi Gate 
having his Portcolis exfoliJo ferro. But that Gate that ledith 
to Catrmardin ward is moft femelieft, as circulid without 
with an embatelid but open rofid Towr, after the Fafcion 
of the Eaft Gate of Feniroke. Without this Gate is a prcfti 
Suburbe. 



Buyldyd St. B. 



I a Geil« to Seync Alboni 5^ ^ Dmbigh Town. 

K X In 



j6 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

In the Middes of the Town is a faire Paroche Chirch. 

The Toun it felfe lakkith frcfch Water, wherfore irfiwi- 
tur imfartata. 

From ThMgh I went to the Cole Pittes on a Hille Topp 
ii. Miles of^ot far from the Seveme Shore. And a good 
MUe beyondTkem I roode thorough a Wood not veri greate, 
butvet the fgireft that I remembre that I faw in Venbrokjhhi. 

Thens I enterid again into Whitland Way. 

The nereft Tra]e&us into » Caldej is almoft in the midde 
Way bytwixt Mainorplrrhe and Tinbighe at a Poynlct, and 
ther it is.litle above a Mile. 

Beinge againft Mainorpirrhe I faw Lvndej lying far of 
in the Severn Se. 

Gumming from Catrmardlne toward LLandewth^eul ^ a 
Mile owt of Cairmardine^ I paffid over Guily River, anci fo 
folouid the Curfe of hit, having y t in fighte by the Riding of 
iiii. or V. Miles, marking divers litle Brokes going into hit 
as into the Botom of the Valley. 

Then riding per aliquot mtltaria I began to fe Tyue River^ 
and kept it ftil in fight, riding ftille by Stony Hilles ana 
Valleys, and paflSng thoroughc a Wood of Okes cauUid 

and after by a prety LXin on the right Hond 

cawllid Gogume^ and fo leving alfo hard on the right Hond 

Tencragan^ a Rokke fo caullidbycawfe it is a rounde coppid 

Hil of Stonis, cam a litle of into a vile Cotage ftanding in 

a Vale by Ttue to bayte. 

Z^^«p;,asfumfay, ^ ThensI rode toXW^i^v ^m 

cauUid Brei^;,bycaufl betwixt the which Places I faw a prety lAjn 

it ftondith on Breuv ^^^ ^^^ ^^"^ ^*' ^^^ ^^^^^^^ LLmfeder^ fum- 

Brooke ^^^^ digger then LLmgogurn-, but I faw out 

' of neither of them any notable Iffuc of Water. 

I faw alfo a Bridge or ii. over 2/»f . 

Landewi brehui is but a fimple or poore » Village. I paffid 
over a litle Broke to entre into hit. It is fet among Mon- 
taines on « every but by Weft, wher is the Valley of 3 Th$e. 
THue River is about halt a Mile of. The Collegiate Chirch 
of Predendaries ftandith fumwhat apon a hy Ground, but it is 
rude. Thens to Tregaron ii. Miles, wher is a Chirch ftandin 
apon a round Coppe of caft Yerth. 



« .Aide Side, 



I Caldey i| % lflao4s f ^ io the )<4argin. % Village in Qardiganil^ire ^f, 
3 Tyve. 

By 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 77 

By rennith a Broke cauUid . • . . 

So paffing under a hy Hille fide, I faw hard by on the lift 
Honcie a great Fenny More, owt of the wich the Inhabi- 
tantes therabout digge Turfes for Fier^ and by the fame 
Fenne is a fair LLm cawUid LUnriade ii. Miles f rom LConrithe 
Strateflur, 

Strateflure is fet round about with 
Montanes not far diftant, except on ii Stratfler of fiim caullid 

the Weft Parte, wher D'tffrin Tjue is. bycaufe bytwixt 

Many Hilles therabout hath bene well it and Flere Brokes. of ium 

woddid, as evidently by old Rotes ap- it ftodc in the 

perith, but » [now in them is almoft no *\ 

Woode.l 

The CaufTes ^ be thefe ; Firft the Wood cut doun was never Fol. 76. 
copifid, and this hath beene a great Caufe of Deftrudion of 
Wood thorough Wdles^ Secondly after cutting doun of 
Wooddys the Gottys hath fo bytten the young Spring that 
it never grew but lyke Shrubbes. Thirddely Men for the 
nonys deftroied the great Woddis that thei fliuld not har- 
borow Theves. 

The Chirch of Strateflere is larg, fide 
ilid and crofle ilid. By is a large Cloy- The Fundation of the Bo- 
fter. the Fratry and Infirmitori be now dy of the 3 Chirch was made 
mere Ruines. The Coemiteri wherin to have benedo. Footelengg- 
the Cunteri about doth buri is veri er then it is now. 
large,and meanely waullid with Stoone. 
In it be xxxix. great Hue trees. The bafe Court or Camp 
afore the Abbay is veri fair and large. 

Thens I went a good half Mile by Tiue Vale, and a Mile 
and a half up the craggi and ftoni Montaines to ^LLin Ttue^ 

paflingover CUrduj 

and ii. Miles beyound ^hit to Cregnaulin. If I had goone 
from thens a Mile of to a hy Hille I might have fene VenVtji^ 
mon^ then diftant a V. Miles. The Hilles by twyxt xI#L/»»f, 
Tyue and Cragnaugllm were not in fight fo ftony as the Hilles 
^ bytwixt Stratfler and LLin Tyue. 

I ftanding on Creggenaugllin faw in no Place within fight 
no Wood but al Hilly PaftUres. 



« Thefe broken Words in the Marg, are wanting in St. ^ B. 
/8 Voces fupra lin. defunt in St. & B. 



I [now in them li] almofte no Wood. 2 be thes. 3 Clirich. 4 Llia 
l>ue. s LIu|Q€ Tyne ^n Cra^aagllin. ^ &y(wix. 

From 



7t LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

^^ From Strateflere I roode by rank^ hylli and vaUey Paftures 
lO^i it. Wmifibe Miles, and fo pa£Eing over MmiMsmt a wild 
Brooke reimiiig on Rokket and a nother whos Nanue I rt- 
membre not, cam to the thirde caullid HsntUujs^ juod therin 
on the ridit Hond I &w an Hille caullid Cn^ 7<^ ^id lo 
over Melemtn River that therby in fight went ynto ^ 
with River. 

Or I cam to Melewem I had riden i be the Space of a iii. 
Miles in Comemjtmab. 

From iMewtm I enterid to the Valley of Ufhmiky (b na- 
fowly with Rokkv Mmtames enclofid, that in Wynter the 
l^_ Streame occupietn al the Botom of the Valley. 
r^ Firft entermg this Bocom I faw on the Dght Hood an 
Hille caullid ^Menithtfiy* 

Toward CregnaulUnH. 

The firft River be fide Tjue that I paffid over was Clarduty 
' that is to fay Blak Clare^ no great Streame but cumming 
thoroug Craj^s. In the farther Side of hit I faw ii. ven 
poore Cotagis for Somer Dayres for Catel. and hard by were 
li. Hillettes, thorough the wich Clarduj paffith^ wher they 
fable that a Gigant ftriding was wont to wafch nis Hondes, 
and that Artun killid hym. The Dwellers fay alio that the 
Gigant was buried therby, and Ihew the Place. 
aat. cAsr^ify rifith about half aMile from thatPlacein a «iMares, 
and rennyng ii. Walfch Milys in al goith into CUrwem. CUr^ 
wen rifith in a Valley not tar from Ujnymgm VtUm^ that is 
a good Mile from CargnauUinn. After that Clarmen nath re- 
ceivid Clarduj he rennith a iii. Miles or he cum into JiUm 
River far bigger River then other of ^3 ther of the Clars. 

Alen River rifith in the blain or upper Part of CdwBeufi- 
v>tth in Calrdtganjhire^ and renning iiii. Walfch Miles cum- 
mith into Owj^ caullid in Englifch Wy^ a litle beneth lUfhir 
gowy a Market Toun yn Comemytother. It is caullid R^oher 
Owy bycaufe it ftondith on Tfy River. But or ever I cam to 
Clarduy^ that is about a iii. Mile from Yftrsdfier^ I palCd fer 
Monies frseruftos^ ferPaludes & invta Saxa^ and cam to ULim 
Tyue^ the wich is in Cumpace a iii. Quaners of a Mile, be^ 
ing h. Miles be Eaft from Stratefiere, 

It is fedde fro hyer Places with a litle Broker, and iflueth 



« Mariflie St, fi Them far ther in St. Of ther jrr wamt^ 
^g in Burton. 



bi the. ft KfciiiclKhix St. 

out 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 7, 

out a^aine by a fmaulle Gut. Ther is in it veri good Trouttcs 
and Elys, and noe other Fifch. 

From Clardity to CragnauUsnn is a good Mite by Eft. and 
ftandiflg by a Stone on the Top of this Hille I faw v. roolis 
by 'South Weft, wherof die biggeft is ^LUimHeligns^MOMon" 
er Lsgnante^ having no otherFifch but Trouttes and Elys* 
One Side of the 3 Poole, that is the South Side, hath Trouttes p^L 77; 
as redde as Salmon. The Weft Side hath white, likewife as 
hath LLin Tyue. This Pote is feene to be fedde with no 
Brooke, and hath a Brooke ifliiing out of hym of his oune 
Kame, and cummith into Jjjfue in the Weft Side of Tjue half 
a Mile above Stradflet. 

LUnnber^ u l9wgus Idcus^ for it is iii. Quarters of a Mile 
in lenghr, liaving no great Bredthe nor Iffiie of Brok owt of 
hit, but plentifulof Trouttes and Ely^. 

LJJnn Gorlan hath no Ifliie, but berith Elys and Trouttes* 

LLingronn hath an Iflue, and femid to nie hard yoioid 
to Lisin Gorlan. 

LLin Tyue the fifte apperid alfo from Cntgmaulm^ but di« 
ftant a Mile from the other iiii. 

Nere about the Cragfumlm Stone apperid other iii. Pollis. 

I^Un Veryddon Vaur havyng Trouttes and £lis but no 
Broke cumming into hit or going owt. 

^laLinn Veryidon Vehan haying Trouttes and Elys, but no 
Brok cumming into hit or going owt, 

fisDinJuy^ i. e. /acus niger^ even under the Botom of the 
Hille Sideiiaving Trouttes and Elys but no Broke cununing 
into hit or going oute. 
« 

l^Unymgin Velm that is a Mile from the Stone by South 
Weft. Tmgin is to fay a quaking More. Velen is yelow of 
the Color of the Moue and corrupt Grefle about hit. 

Of al thes Pooles none ftondith in fo rokky and flon/ 
Soile as Tyue doth, that hath alfo withyn hym many Stcmis. 

The Ground al about Ijfye^ and a gr^at Mile of toward 
SfrMtfler is horrible with the ughte of oare Stones, as Creg-- 
tryri Montaines be. 

LUnne 

^JAJfmUanaheier within half a Mile of LLanbeder having ucus re. 
Trouttes and Elys. "*«»»• 

m Short. St. drB. fi Dinduy'] L. Linduy. 

I Sooch Wcfte. % Ulnn Helignanc St. 3 Pooles. 4 Linn, s Linduy* 
i Lionlleiabcdcr. , ^ . 

1 IsLaim* 



So LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

th 

« LLinnytydJe having Trouttes and Elys [ftandinge by t 
grcat^Fcwuon themia W08, it wy] 



Fol. 79. 



Thes iiii. Poles be in the Lordihip of Pennartb longg^og 
CO the principal of the Hogbans. Tne chefe Toun or this 

ch 

Lordftiip being in Cairdiganjhire is Tregarom* But the Ab- 
batc of StrateHere hath much Landes in the fame Lordihip, 
and thes iii. Fooles longe to the Abbat of Stratflere. 

IsUn Yridde ii. Miles from Strateflere owt of whom goith 
a litle Illlic or Broket. I writ of this afore. 

LJLinycregnant a bigge Poole veri fill of Trouttes and Elys. 
It is from Strauflur a iii. by Weft toward LLumandeuety. 

LLinne duu i» lacus niger^ very deape and fill of Trouttes 
and Elys. It it iii. Miles by South trom Strateflur toward 
Buelth Lordlhippe. 

^LLinnygorres ^not ii. Miles from LL/^sr/Zi^f. GorJfeinWalfcbe^ 
a Myer in Englifcb. It hath Trouttes and Elys. 

Al thes that be byfore fave LLiftn JLLanabeder^ and al thes 
that folow long to the Abbat of Strateflere. 

LUnngjnan apon a hy Montaine iiii. Miles from Strati' 
fiure by South Weft, having Trouttes and Elys, and a litlc 
Ifliie owt of hit, and goith into the Broket that cummith owt 
of LLin Helignant* 
th 

LUnn Creg ttoydon v. Myles or vi. from Stratfler toward 
Tojfland. It hath an Ifliie that goith into Elan or Alam Wa- 
ter, that goith into Wy. 

LUn Wtnge is almoft yoinid to JLLinncregttoydon^ but it 
hath no IflUe. 

The River of Alan in the next Part of hit is viii. Miles 
from Strateflere^ and ther parteth Cairdiganjhire from the 
Lordfhip of Rather or Comemytotber. Rather is the chefe 
Toun yn Comytother. 

Al the Montaine Ground bytwixt Men and Strateflare 
longgeth to Stratefleere^ and is almofte for wilde Paftures and 



u I have fut Voints under thefe Words^ which I took from 
Stowe, hecaufe they are corrupted. In B. they are read thus ; 
in the midde way betwixt 



th 
T Linoyrydde — fUnding by a great Fen ya • . ^ • • Utwix. a FennStm 
3 LiQnygorrcf. Bre- 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. Si 

Breding Grounde. in fo much that everi Man there about 
puttith I in Beftes as many as they wylle without paiyng of 
Mony. 

From Stratefler toward Lanandeueri is xviii. Miles, of the 
wich xii. Miles of Mohtain Groutide partely Pafture Soyle 
partely «longgith to Strateflere^ and ther about partith Cairdi-^ 
ganjhhe from Cairmardinejhire^ For therby hath Stratefler 
2l Graunge caullid iJantbay in CaitmardineJIme. 

Strateflur is xx* iValfch Miles from Mahenclif, and al the 
Soile bytwyxt is Montanius ful of Pafture for a xvi. Miles^ 
but within a iiii. Myles of a Mahen Wooddy. 

From Stratefler to LLangjrh {fanum Cvriaci) xii. MilesJ 
LLangyrit is in Amjielej Lordfliip in Poijland. Wy renning 
therby dit^'vdxxiD..CairdiganJhire from Vowifldnde. Of thejfe 
xii. Rdiles viii. be Montainous Ground longging to Stratefler^ 
al for Pafture. 

Betwixt Stratefler 2Lnd fiBuelth Toun Xvi. of thes be vi.* 
in Calrdiganjhife^ the wich y the wiche" Towe River devidith 
from Cairdiganjhife^ Al this vi. Miles is montayne Ground 
for Pafture, and longgith to Sttateflure Abbay. out the Pa- 
ftures of thes Hilles oe fre to the Inhabitantes, as well as al 
other montaine Pafture longging to Sttateflere. 

The Pafture^ of the Montaynies of Cairdiganjhsre be fo 
great that the hunderith part of hit tottith on the Ground^ 
and maketh Sogges and Quikke More by long Continuaunce 
forlakofEtingofhit. 

Afore the new Ade LLandueireui was a feparate Lord- 
fliip, limes on the one fide to Cairmardmjhirej on the other 
fide to CasfdiganJIjire* 

From 3 Strateflur to Calrdigan xxx. but caullid xxviii. 

Ttue devidith toward the Mouth fenhokfhir from CahrtB* 
ganfhire. 

From Cattdigan to Abetuflwith a 4 Market Toun ons waullid 
>xxx. 

From Aberujlwith to Aberdeuy vi. Miles. Devy devidith 
Catrdiganjbhre from Mefionithfljtre in North Wales. 

M^enclif in Toifland vi. Miles from ^erdeuh 

LLandewiheui xxiiii. Miles from Cairdigan. Fol. 75; 

■ y 

« Sk. fi Buelth Lordfliip and Toune 164 Miles. Of 
thefe (J. be in Catrdiganjhire^ ^c. y Redundant, i Addt 
Miles cum St. &^B. & Jic fauUo fnferius. 






ti L ELAND'S ITINESr^RY. 

The Abbat of WhiteUnd toH me a meri Tale of OM 
chat purchafid a Licens by a Color of li. Rivers about Fim^* 
Und^ of the wich (as I remember) foundid that in Walfih^ 
that is in Engltjch^ a Hogge of ii« TereSj and the other # 
Hegge of iii. Teres. 

Tner hath beene in Times pafte a greate Mine Digging 
for Leade in Comeujtwitb a vi. Myles frotn Strateftur^ wher 
is a Graunge longgmg to Strat^ure. But < fum Menne fiip* 
pofe that it fefid, T^cawfc the wood is fore waiHth« 

A Monke of Strateflur told me that for a certenty Newport 
in Kemmtfland is caullid Tredratth in fPklfcb. 

Ther is a Chirch caullid LLanfnjh'de vii. Miles from 
jAeru/hPttb upper to Cahrdigan on the Se Side, and ther 
hath bene great Building. But wither this was the Abbay of 
IsLanfrtde of the wich mention is made in the Booke di 
Dotattone Ecclefia S. Davidis, or no, I can not telle. 

Ther is a nother LLanfanfrid in Comytotber^ and peraven*" 
ture this is that LLanfatffride Nunneri made in a newer 
World, of the which G/f^iA/itf fpekith. 

Ther hath bene great Building at LLMnruJl^^ a Mile lower 
on the Se Banke then LLanfanfride in Catraiganjbire^ and 
fum fuppofe that ther hath bene a Nunnery. 

UJhpttb rifith owt of a « Mares Grounde caullid Blaine 
Vfimttb iii. Miles from fiLLangiUie on Uy. It is in C^me^ 
ujhfitby and fo rennith good vi. Miles thorough C&meufi'- 
v>ith^ and a vi. or vii. mo Miles to Abreujhpitb. 
fe^ Tfue rennith from the Hedde ftil almoft playne Weft on- 
tille he touchith within a vi. Miles of CairmanRn^ and then 
turneth toward the Northe* 

Towe riiith a iiii. Myles by South from LUnntyue in a 
Morifch Ground, and nath no LLin at his Hedd, and by 
£ftimation rennith a xxii. Miles or he cum to LJLamam^ 
deuery. He firft rennith fumwhat by South, and then a greate 
way a by Weft, and at the laft turneth againe toward South. 
Fol. So. So about the Midle of this Wpwith Botom that I riddc 
p, being as I geffe a iiii. Miles yn leneht, I faw on the right 
Hond on a mile fide Clotbmoyne^ wner hath bene great 
Digging for Leade, the melting wherof hath deftroia the 
Wooddes that fumtime grew plentiiulli therabout. I hard 
a mervelus Tale of a Crow fedd by a Digger there, that 
tooke away his y fedd Purffe, and wille the Digger folowid 



uMarilhB. fiLLangiriiB. y Feeder'/ BJ 

^WM— 11 ■■ i ll II 'IIII III I I i w 



t famme. 2 biWeft. (be 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 83 

the Crow for bis Purs, the refidew of his felows were op^ 
preffid in the Pitte with a Ruin. 

So leving Ufiwlth Botom, and taking up a hy Hille I cam 
^ Mile of to a Place wher I faw a great grene Place in a 
Botom, owt pf the wich Morifch Plot Ufiwtth doth rife, and 
withyn a flit Shot of that I faw an other like Plot, owt of 
the wich fpring a litje Riveret cumming to IFy that ranne a 
good Mile beneth in a Botoip. 

So paffing over ^, and nftiyng up a « Hijl I lokid bak and 
vuy d * Venttmnmon the Hed of Wp^ It femid to me a veri by 
Montaine, and was diftant by geflc a vi. Miles. 

From Strateflere to this Place I faw almoll notber Wood 
nor Corne, but after the Soile waxid ftil pleafant, having fair 
Medows, Corne and Wood. 

So to LLan Kirlk appn Wy a good 
Mile of, and ii Miles by Come, Wood There is not ii. Miles be- 
and Medows to L,Lan Ydlas on ^e- twixt the Streames of ^ and 
fvern. Severn. 

Sum Brokettes were bytwixt, but of fmaulle name. 

To LLan dynnan iiii. Miles of on Severn by good Corne 
Ground and Medows with veri much Plenti of Woodde. 

And like in the v. Miles to Newton^ wher at one Side of 
the Toune cummith a litle Brooke ynto Severn* 

And yn like forme 3 the [iSvi. Myles 
to Mentogmmrye.'] Bytwixt Nevton and Ment' 

Going from Montgomerlk to the gomery 1 faw on the lift Hond 
Walfihe Foole 2l v. Myles of I paffid apon a Woodd Hille Topp 
over a Forde of ^^vfiTT. The Soile be- the WauUes now minus of 
twixt thes to Tounnes lakkith nother Taluarran Caftel. 
Corne nor Woode, but the Grounde 
about the Bankes and Valley of Severn there is moft pleafaunt. 

The Toune it felf of the Walfch Pole is of one Paroche 
wel buildid after the Walfch Faicion. Gleddtng a Riveret 
cummith almoft by the Chirch, and fo to Severn that is a 
of. 

Caflel Cough^ in BngUfch Redde Caftel^ 
ftandith on a Rokke of darke, redde By the Caftel is a faire 
colorid Stone, Ic hath ii, feperatid palid Park. 
Wardes, wherof the pne was the Lord Bituixt the Tounne and Gf * 



a Strivinge B, fi V. Burton^ 



I Hil. % P^llin^nmoo. 3 the [vi] MyUs to Monc[goipn[irxe. 



«4 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

fiil Gowgb is a preati LLin DnJJeleys. Now both long to the 

or P00/0 wherot the Toun Lord Powys, 

takich Name. From the Walfcke T^U to jilkn- 

hri a vii. Miles, Hilly. The Soile is Wooddy, the Valley 
Corneftil. By the Hillis I paffid over iii. or iiii. preatjr 
Brookis, whos Names I know not. 

And wille I paflid this way within a iii. Miles of TPklfcb 
Pole I faw a veri notable Hille beyound the Valley on the 
lift bond having iii. Toppes as iii. Heddes rifing owt (^one 
Body. Thes Toppes 1 hrft efpied k ftonte about Neuton a 
xiiii. Miles of, and after Shreuslhrj zviiwhite Cbhcb pafGd, a 
xvi. Miles of I faw them againe a tergo. 

By this Hille I roode by the lenght of alii. Miles, one of 

•Toppes wherof being hyeft is caulid Mtlegolua^ the wich 

M^ Cir A./>m tK^e Hiii^c ^^ countid a limes of the fartheft Vz;ii 

enSri AX So ther b" of P^/>»^tlu.t way. The .fecuude is 

w"on°ic/: '.h?"'"' ^'"^' caullid Britb'm, being in Caur^elcmi. 

but communely thei be caullid Bretkin Hittes. 

By Alberbyri Chirch in Shropjhir appere the Ruines of 
Fulke Guarine, the Noble Warriars Caftel, and lefle then a 

Mile of was a/ium Monafferiumj /8 where is buried 

fuppredid for Chtcheles College in Oxforde. 

Bytuixt Alhertbiri and Skreushlri a vi. Miles of Ground 
plentiful of Come, Wood and Pafture. 

From Shreushiri to Haghmaa Abbay of Blak Chanons il. 
Miles. Within iii. Quarters of a Mile leving Severn on the 
right bond I enterid into a Woodde, and fone after over a 
Broke that iffueth thoroug Penlefmere^ and fone after goith 
into Severn. 
Fol. 81. Thens ridyng partely thorough Morifch Grounde and Fa- 
ilure I cam to Morton Corbet Village, wher I faw a feir Ca- 
ftel of Mr. Corbettes^ and a ii. Miles beyond that I paffid over 
RoJen Riveret, rifing not far above fPent Village, a Mile 
from that Place, 
Mr. Sawfard hath a Place And fo a v. Miles to Price a litle 
^nd a fair Poole by yt in a Thoroug-faretivii. Miles of, the Way 
Wood fide, a Mile and a half being fumwhatplaine,hethy,andparte- 
frpm Pryce, ly fruteful of (Jorne, So to Whaebir^h 



m The Topps St. B. fi Where he is buried, fuppreffed for ^f , B. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. . 8j 

by meately frureful, fandy Ground a iii. Mylis. At the hi- 
ther Ende of Whiuhlrch is a veri faire poole, having Bremes, 
Pikes, Tenches, Perches and Daces, tne wich except Bremes *^^ 
be the commune Fifches of al the Pooles of Skrofjbire^ uChe* 
Jier and Lancafirejhlrei in fum be alfo Trouttes. 

The Tounne of Whitchirch in Shropjhire hath a veri good 
Market. And there in the Paroche Chirch is buried Syr G/7- 
i^ert Talbot. 

From Whitchirch a Mile and a half of I cam by the Pale 
of the Jarge Parke of Blakmer longging to the Erie of Shrens-- 
h'trL wherin is a very fair Place or Loge. The Park hath 
both redde Dere and falow. In the ParK (as I hard fay) be 
iii. faire Poles, of the wich I faw by the Pale the largeft 
caullid Blakesn^ wherof tfee Parke is namid. 

It is to be fuppofid tWt thes Pooles for the mcft part in ^^ 
I Morifch Groundes^and lying fumwhat in low Groundes 
dreane the moift PhKfes about them, and fo having no Place 
to iflfue owt ftagne there. 

Sum be likelyhod have begon of Marie Pittes. For the 
. Sandy Grounde of fum Partes of Shropjhire^ and efpecially 
of Chejirejhire and Laneaffrefhire^ wille not bere Corne plen- 
tifully but it be [merlya.] 

Sum Pooles peraventufe hath g[atheryd] '. . . • and 
Water, wher greate plenty [of Turves] 
and Petes hath bene diggid. Within half aMile of B/ak- 

From Biakemer e to Byk/em in zFofCe mere Park I cam by Mer^ 
iii.Milesof SandhardbyCfc^/wf^.firft Paroche, wher the Chirch is 
Ifawthegreatnumbreof[FirreTrees,] fet in a Botom betwixt too 
the wiche the Inhabitantes therby goodly Meres or Pooles, 
communely digge up for Fier Wood, 
but ther did I ^ no Fyrre Trees grouing. Oftentimes in 
diggin in this Moffeor More for Petes or Turves they finde 
the hole Trees of the firft, fum Ihbrt and fum veri long, 
without Twike or Bow, lying fiimtime not a Foote, fumtime 
iii. or iiii. Foote depe in the Ground, but how or when 
thes Trees cam doune other be Cutting or Wind Faulle no 
Manne 2 ther can telle. The Wood of them in Burning fa- 
vorith of Refiqe. 

Hard on the right hond pafling by this Mofle almoft to 
Miles in lenght I uw a greate Wood of Mr. Cholmeleys^ and. 



m Chefliire B. 



I Moreftb, 2 there caa. 



ti LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

at the farther Ende of this MoiTe was a Chapel of Woode^ 
and in the Botom hard bv was Mr .Cbolm^less Place, a fair 
Building of Tymbre, and motid about with the Water of 
a Poole. 

From thens to RiJle Parke about half a Mile, wher hard 

by the Parke is a right goodly Houfe of Stone and Tymbre 

buildid by Sir IVtUiam of Standeley^ that much favorid King 

*• — • -^- --- Parte at Bofworth Feeld. King Htwri the 

vii. gave this Place after to one of the 

Eiertons. From thens to a Place of 

Mr. Spurfiavf caullid Sfurffowj made 

of Scone and Tymbre, and therby is a 

large Poole, cumpafing the Howfe on 

the one fide. About that Howfe I faw 

in the Feldes mervelus good Corne and 

Paftures. 

And leffe then a Quarter of a Mile from that Place is a 

greate redy Poole, whither an innumerable fight of Stares 

refort at night. 

From thens to Bumberl half a Mile, 

At Bumhtrt is a very faire Collegiate 

Chirch, endowid by old tyme by Syr 

Hughe Calveley JCnignt. 

Thens I ridde to Northwhb x.Milesof 

^^ . • . . alwayes by Sandy Grounde, leving iii, 

Miles from Bumiyri Syr John Down 
Knightes Houfe, half a Mile on the 
lift Honde in the Entering of the Foreft of Delamere^ the 
wich fum way [is xii. Myles in lenght, or more ; but I 
Fol. 8a. rydde by it] not paft the l^ght of vi. or vii. Miles^ and en« 
terihg a ii. Miles within the Foreft having redde Deere and 
Falow I paffid over a litle Brooke caullid Sanddiford. 

Betwixt SaiUdyford and Nortimiche I 
faw divers Pooles in the Foreft, and to- 
ward the Ende of the Foreft 1 1 lokid tch 
ward ^Valle Royal on the right bond, 
about the wich Place be divers fair and 
large Pooles. 

In the Foreft I faw but litle Come, 
bicaufe of the Deere, 



Henri the vii. 

At KJUe Place is a Mere of 
Pikes, Bremes, Tenches and 
Perches^half a Mile in Bredth, 
and a Mile and a half in lenght , 
countid for the faireft Mere 
foS Qbefirejhtre, 



•Within a Mile and an half 
of Bumheri is Fecfordton a 
goodly Lordfhip navmg a 
great Houfe of Stone now 



Wherof one is neere Vale 
Roial, as within a Mile, cawl- 
lid Tety Fole though it be 
greate. 

There is a Place in the Fo- 
reft of Delamer cawllid the 
vii. Loos^ wher be fe^ne vii, 



m Tiefe hroken Words in the Marg. are wanting in St. 



I <j Ji.*'. 



X locJcid. % VdXlfi RyaU 



And 



LELAND'S itinerary; 87 

And as I roode I marked the Foreft mafie Dikes. The People there 
Ground on the right Hond to be plaine fpe"ke much of them. I thinjc 
blake Hethi Grounde, and on the lifte that they were made by Men 
Hond to be fumwhat Hilly and ofWarre. 
Wooddy. 

Northwich is a prati Market Toune but fowle, and by the 
Salters Howfes be great Stakkes of fmaul clovyn Woode to 
fethe the Salt Water that thei make white Salt of. 

The Salt Water Pitte is harde by the Brinke of Dane Ri- 
ver, the wich within a good But Ihott beneth runnith into 
JVyver. 

Apon the Bank, betwixt the Salt fpringging Pitte and Dane 
River, I faw Omglefon^ a Market Toun x. Miles of, and 
Maxwel Foreft therby. 

Ther be ii. Salt Springges at Mddlewicb^ that ftondith, as 
I remembre, apon Dane River, and one at Nantwich^ the 
wich yeldith more Salt Water then the other iii. Wherfore 
ther be ztNantwich a iii. hunderith Salters. 

The Pittes be fo fet abowte with Ca- 
nales that the Sake Water is fecily de- A Mile from Cufnhremere 
rivid to every Mannes Howfe. Abbay in time of Mind fank 

And at the A'ii^ftp/ritf very many Ca- ' a Peafe of a Hille having 
nales go over ^wr River for the Com- Trees on hit, and after in that 
rnodite of deriving the Water to the Pitte fprang Salt Water, and 
Salters Troughs. They fethe the Salt the Abbate ther began tomake 
Water in Furneffes of Lede, andiade Salt, but the Menne of the 
out the Salt, fomeinCafesof Wiker, Wichis componid with the 
thorough the wich the Water voydith, Abbay that ther ihould be no 
and the Salt remajrnith. Therbealfo Salt made. The Pitte yet 
aii. or iii. but veri litle Salt Springs at hath Salt Water, but much 
Dertwiche in a low Botom, were mm- Filth is fauU^n into hit. 
times Salt is made. Dertwich is a Mile 
and a half from Malfafs Village wher Syr Randal of Brere^ 
ton dwellith. 

Gumming from Northwiche toward Manchefier at North- 
*a>lch Toune I paffid over a Riveret, and thens riding a v. 
Miles be Cawle way I rode over Waterlejfe and Tyyerey Ri- 
ver that be lykelihodde refort to Wyven and yn this way /3l 

«i Sic. F. Caftle Dikes, fi I cam by Tabley Parke on the 
left hand, where Mr. Le/Vf/^ dwelleth, and a a. Miles fur- 
ther I came by Dunham Majfe Parke on the left hand, where 



X a peace oL 

Mr. 



88 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

cam^aParkonthelifteHoacL wker 

Here about in a MoQe is Mr. Lyrceflre dwellith. And a iiii« 

Fyrre Woodde. Miles farther I cam by a Parke on the 

lifte bond wher Mailer Boutk dwellith, 

mTaUe Mr. Lejfreeflre Place, and aboute that Place by good Culture 

Ditmham Maue the name of is made veri goodCorneGround,wher 

Mr. Boutb Howfe in his fumtime was very fernny and com* 

Parke. mune Grounde. 

Within aiii. Miles of Cros-' uoftt Mnw 

ford Bridg on Merfej I cam And therabout hyRafiM Chirch on 
over the prati River of Bolyn, the right Hond is aPoole of a ii. or iii# 
that, asllernid, rifith about Milesinlenght^vcryplentifulofFifche. 
Maxwei Foreft, and goith a A iii. Mues of 1 rode over Merfef 
good way bynech Crosford Water by a great Bridge of Tymore 
Bridge into Marfey". cauUid Crosford Bridge. 

This water of Merfey to the veri mame Se depattith 
Chefirejhire and « 'Lancafirejhire. So about a iii. Miles to 
Muncheftre^ in the wichway firftlieft Sjr Alexandre Radclijfes 

life hond over Imel 

Parke and Houfe on the /8 right Hond. But or I faw that 
I pallid over Corne Brooke^ and ajfter I touchid witbyn a 
good Mile of Mancheftre by Mr. Traiford^s Park and Place. 
And after on the lift hond I faw Mr. Trejlwikes Place on 
the lift riond over Jrwel^ wherby the Lord of Dar^ hath a 
Place, and a Parke cauUid Alparte Parke. Here about I 
paflTid over Medlok River, and fo within leffe then a IVCle 
to Mancheftre. 

Manceftre on the South Side of Irwfl River ftondith in 

Salfordjhirst^ and is the faireft, beft buildid, quikkeft, and 

moft populusTounne of al Lancaftr^Vtre. yet is in hit but one 

/ Paroch Chirch, but is a College and almofl: thoroughowt 

doble flyd ex quadrato lapide dmjfimo^ wherof a goodly 

Quarre is hard by the Towne. Ther be divers Stone Bridge 

in the Toune, but the beft of iii. Arches is over IrweL Tlis 

Cavvllid Bridge devidith Mancheftre from Salfsrd^ the wich is as a 

Saiford large Suburbe to Mancheftre. On this Bridg is a praty litle 

Bridge. Chapel. The next is the Bridge that is over Hirke River, on 

Mr. Bothe dwelleth, and about that Place by good Culture 
is made very good Corne Ground, ^c. B. <« Jhefe a. P^- 
ragraphs in we Marg. are wanting in St. ^3 Defunt voces CuPra 
lin.inSl.&B. ^ 



1 Lanca(lrelhir« 



th§ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 89 

the wich the fiiir buildid College ftandith as in the veri Point FoI. f j. 
of the Mouth of hit. For hard therby it rennith into IVyver. 
On Wrk River be divers fair Milles that ferve the Toune. 

In the Towne be ii. fair Market Placys. 

And almoA ii. flyte Shottes withowt the Towne beneth 
on the fame Syde of Irwel yet be feene the Dikes and Fun- 
dations of ^ Old Man Caflel yn a Ground now inclofid. 

The Stones of the Ruines of this Caftel wer tranflatid to- 
ward making of Bridgges for the Toune. 

It is « not long fealon fins the Cbirch of Manchejlre was 
collegiatid* 

The Toun of Mdnchefire ftondith on a hard Rokke of 
Stone, els Jrwel as wel apperith in the Weft Ripe had beene 
noifiil to the Toune* 

Irwel is not navigable but in (Urn Places for Vadys and 
Rokkes. 

Gumming from Manchefire toward Morle^ Syr WtWtam 
'Lelandes Howfe, I paffid by enclofid Grounde, partely pa- 
fturable, partely frutefiil ot Come, leving on the lift Hand 
a Mile and more of a fair Place of Mr. Langfordes^ caullid 
jigecTofty and there is a Bridge veri hy and greate oflFTym- 
bre on IrweL and thereby is Filketon Park, and therin is A 
Stone Howie of the Vylketons attayntid by King Henry the 
vii. and givin to the Lorde of Darby. And within a ii. 
Miles of Morle on the fame hand not tar of a Place of Ma* 
fter WbrMey of the Bouthe. 

And 10 within a Mile and fumwhat more of Mr. 'LelanJ^s 

Place I cam over Heding Brooke that ther feperatich Sal*' 
fordjhire from Datbyjhlre. 

Morle (in Darhyjh'ire) lAr.JLelandes Place is buildid faving 
the Fundation of Stone fquarid that rifith within a great 
Moote a vi. Foote above the Water, al of Tymbre after the 
commune forte of building of Houles of the Gentilmen for 
iSmoft of LancaPreJhire. Ther is as much Pleafur of Orch- 
ardes of great Varite of Frute and fair made Walkes and 
Gardines as ther is in any Place of Lancafirejhire. He bren- 
nith al Turfes and Petes for the Commodite of Moffes and 
a Mores y at hand. For Chateley Moffe that with breking up 



m Quid Marichefter B. /3 The moft Part of Lancajlerjbire 
B. y Neere at hand B. 



t no loDft fetfoa. & Morei are hit Sk 
Vol. y. M of 



90 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

of Abundance of Water yn hit did much hurt to Landes 
thereabout, and Rivers with wandering Mode and corrupce 
Water is within lefle than a Mile of Morle. And yet by 
Morle as in Hegge Row^s and Grovettes is meately good 
Plenti of Wood, but good Husbandes keepe hit for a Jewell. 
Syr John Holcroftestlouk within a Mile or more dElArle 
ftoode in Jeopardi with fleting of the Mode. 

Morle ftondith in Legbe Paroche a Mile and more from 
the Chirch. 

Ridine a Mile and more beyond Morle I iaw on the ri^t 
hond a rlace nere by of Mt.Aderton^ and fo a ii. Miles pf 
to Udiate Mojfe^ in the right fide wherof my Gide faid that 
ther were Rootes of Fvrre Wood. 

Abowt this MojTe I be^n to fe a Hille or HUIes on the 

right Hond that Itil contmuid on the fame hand as a mi^ty 

long bank ontil I cam to Lancafire. One Part of this Hille 

wher I faw it firft is caullid Faierloiie. But communely 

a Stonding on a Water caullid the People therabout caullith hitRiven* 

Anderto^ord: and Anderton fike. One told me that aboute Xi/i/Af^ 

a Gentilman having a Place ilf^^undertheHilleisaVillagecauliid 

caullid Andreton dwellithe l^/i;^ or >l{n;fff^Mr, and ther abouti 

therby, and Mr. Ktventaifs markid my felf that ther was a Coppe 

Howie by Rivenfon. Anderton in the Hille as a Bakke ftondding up a- 

Watcr cummith into Duggles. bove the Refidue of the Hille. 

Then I cam over Dugles^ communely caullid Dug^els^ 

that cummith by Wigan and eoith into 

Duggles rennith thoroug the Se toward Latham. Tms Dulles 

NrtP^tfr^wVillagBridg aMyle wher I paflid over hym is a vii. Miles 

and dim. from Latham. from Morle. After a Mile and » a half 

or more beyond Duggils I pafltd over 

in LeUndJhirg 

Taro River, and then a Mile and more to Chorle a litle Mar- 
ket Toune in Lelandjhlre^ the wich about the River of Dig- 
gels departith Lelandfhire from Darhyfhire. 

Taro and Bugles be likelihod ihould cum fro the Hille? 
toward Torhjhire. 

Ther is befide Chorle CroJJeton a Market Toune in Le/and' 
Jhtre. It is a iii. Miles from Chorle^ and Latham is a iii. Miles 
from hit. 

In Lelandjhire be about an eight Paroche Chirchis. wherof 
Leland Paroche is one, and, as I remembre, Standicb ano- 
ther. nEclefton undertheFooteofC&^r/f rennith a 

m And Eclefton. Under B. I have fut Points after Ede- 
I a haf. fton 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 91 

litle flat Brooke. A Mile and half from 

Chorle I faw on a Hille fide a great «BeyondtheQuarreonthe 
Quarre, owt of the wich Men digge right hond I faw a good Mile 
veri great and good Mille Stones. of Leland Paroch wher the 

- Within a Mile ofTreJhn I cam over Faringtons fi . . . .el" aun- 
Darwent River, the which at Pempar'^ cient Gentilmen dwelle. 
Ji»e Paroche a Celle to Evejham goith . 
intoKihil. 

This Darwent devidith Leiandjhtre from Andemes^ and a 
Mile above beyond the Place wher I paiHd over Darwent 
Mr. Langton dwellith at Walton on Darwent^ and is Baron 
of Newton in y » Macrefeld *from • Warington ....-, 
*Howfeat ....... Parke Cfeul ' 

Half a R4ile beyond Darwent I paffid over the great Srone 
Bridge of RybiU having a v. great Arches. 

From ItiM Bridg to Trefton h^f a Mile. Trefion hath but Fol. §4. 
one Paro Chirch. The Market Place of the Toun is fair. 
jR/^/7 goith round aboute a create % Peace of the Ground 
aboute Toune, yet it touchith not the Toune felf by Space 
of almoft half a Mile. 

Penwardine femid to me more then half a Mile from 
Prefton^ and ther goith H/^/ftonding in refped of the Toune ' 
of the farther fide of Riii/j the wich ther devidith the Dio^* 
cefe of Cheftre from the Dioecefe of York. Penwardine is a 
Paroch Chirch and Celle to Eovejham Abbay, and ftandith 
in Chefier Dioecefe. 

Prejlon is in X(frke Dioecefe. 

From Prejlon to Garfiane x. Mile. 

A Mile without Prefton I rode over Savoi a bigge Brooke, 
the wich rifing in theHilles a iii. or iv. Miles of on the right 
Hond not verx far of goith into RiM. 

After I rode over Brok Water rifing a vi. Miles of in the 
Hilles on the right Hond, and goith at the laft into Wyre, 



fton tecaufe in the Orig. is this mark \ fignifying thatfome^ 
thing elfe Jhould have Been added, m Thefe Winds in the Mar-- 
gi^ are wanting in St. ^ Deeft B. y in Macrefeld] Four or 
nve points fhould be put after Macrefeld to Ihew that a 
word or two is torn out of the Orig. Macrefeth St. I" . . . 
Miles from B. • Thefe httken Wards^ all except Waring . . , 
4tre wanting /^Stowe. 5 Falleth downe B. n Peace of the 
Tpwne, yet &c. St. B. 
v " '■ ■ II 11 I I I 1 1 1 II 111 IP I I I I II ■■ » 

f Macrefeld [a 3 xxiylcsT from St. % How& u new • . . Fvke fiuif. 

M % Calitt 



4S| LELAlfiyS nmnKAKY. 

reJik hfld O^m. Owfu had of al WUes^ bad GrjMh. €rifia h$i 

BdmMndiEtleolRkbim^mU^ LlMeOm. LLmlm had GiM«M Us 

smd6W^er£rleofPMife*0ite« Heire. Cam»eh2AElum99* BiesMr 

EJbimiM had H#»7the vii. had Hiltm and ^CMmrim. Thb He- 

Hmry was, as I hard, poft- leme was Mother to OiMs €r£«4wr»w ( 

h m?Mfr In C4irr4rvtfi|^tf in HmakflviMifConi- 

jnote is /S > LLm ihdmsrcbem^ y wher the ^aywwtfj i g {fnu^ 

and ther of it hath the Name as of a fuimmiBg Swarth. of 

Yerth. 

Fol. 45, & 4^* vacant. 

rA47. JKfTihl Tlfwtef m Cairarvonflur* 

B^wgor yn Ifcmrvay Hundred hath iL ^Fayrea tYere, but 
skant a Market ev^ Weke. There rennith a Htle Rjlle 
thorough BaMg9f. 

Cssrsrvm apon the hither Side of Segent JUrcr* in if^ 
twrvay Hundredc, 

Hmfts of Religion. 

Comoeykhbev. 

EmfeithU. 

BHkkoBartb. 

A Priory of White Freres by Bangor dedicate tojeju. 

There were oaa White Freres at Jtstbjn yn Vmirm Chit. 

Mx.Oarter told me ditt Gfof of RifUn emong the Armes 
of bit Auncetor nrith the Armes ef the Lord Rnimm of Bn* 
immo in iB^snmt. Wlterefof e lokel wither any of the pMame] 
of the Robam were ever Lord otRMtkin^ or wither it toke 
Nameofhym. 

Al Or«rff«i7ri is Foreft. 

The beft Wood of Csirarvonjbir is by Glfme Kleidor^ 
and by Glin ZsLngfy^ and by Cafoi Kityk^ and wtLLM^s. 
Meately good Wood abomc Comwey Abbaf , and Fennmbk^^ 



m Draindon in B. atffnt fimus fufrdUiu |S LLen thed* 
marehen^. LLittYcm^dienB. YAMoir^mnB. H^ 
ff in the YearerfKoi Bi ' 



t UiaydwifCBib; % Faytei a^Terr. 



md 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
and about Ootmore^ and Coittfarke by Bai^or^ and yn other 
many Places. 

In LLene and Jniomth is litle Wood. 

Cairarvinjblre aboute the Shore hath reafbnable ^ood 
Corne, as abouth a Myle upland (torn the Shore onto Canmr'- 
von. Then more upwarde be Erjrt Hille$, and in them 
ys very licle Come, except Otcs in fum Places, and a 
litle Barle, but fcantly Rye. If ther were the H^ttt wold dc- 
ftroye it. 

But in LLeene and « Hinhmtb is good Come, both by 
Shore and almoft thorough Ufland^ 



41 



Ther is but a Bridge 
betuixt thes two. 

In thefe 2. Pooles 
be redde bely Fifches 
caullid Tborgoughe^ id 
eft, thorl aut feSoris 
^ruhei. There be alfo . 
of them yn LLin Tar- 
thennyne^ and yn LLin 
Boladulinne. y They 
be taken yn thefe ♦ 3. 
Poles yn ordre, and 
taken yn one not fcne 
yn the other" 



tonnes. 
Liime Doltsteme a* 
Miles in lenght, and a 
dim. Mile yn Bredth. 

VftMis w^mschtu 

* Unrne Peris a Myle 



yn Lenghte. Segent iCairarv9n.Afid ly in 



valleis Weft North 
Weft from Lt^oh^ 
fern. 



cummith firft thorough 
LLinn Peris^ and a Bow 
Shotte of ynto DoHatem 
Poole. 

• Unne D$udhpuc no- 
thing fo bigge as > Lsnne 
Perj. J ' . 

Boladuljnne is yn Hvgh Curvay Hundrede, a vi. Miles 
beyounde. 



Fol. 4.1. 



AlyntheParoch 
of Peris. V. Miles 
Eft South Eft from 



H Hirmonith B. /8 Rubri B. y Thefe Words^ as well asfime others 
in this flace, are omitudby Stowe. ♦ %. Pooles in order, and taken in 
the one and not feene in the other B. I So in the Original^ vkich is 
firangely written and interlined hy Mr. Leland, and Is hardly legihU in 
this and fome of the following Leaves'^ but in Mr. Stow t [who altered 
things according to his own mind^ and torrufted divert wtrds whkh be 
could not reai) *tis^ LLine Peris, alias Vallis monachus, a Myle ia 
Lengthe. Segent cummithe ire. In Mr. Burton's Cofy *tis mdftjiei 
thus : LLin Pms^aVtas Nant Manacu, id efi^ Vallis monachus, abouc 
a Mile in length. Segent cometh &c. • Mr. BurtOn^s O^y c^m^U 
this {as well as fome other f laces) thus: LLin Doudhone^ Enothin, loe 
bigge as ^c. 



1 Linqe Pcrys Tarthennyneand ynllyn. 

F* 



*LUn» 



44 LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

. r I LLmneTarthinnyhe 4, or jr. Miles from Cw- 

Cdifdrvon. #ri;fl» by South. It is a one Mile yn Len eht lying 

in a Valley^ and a dim, Myle yn Bredtn. 



Al thcfc be yn the 
Hunderede or Com- 
mote of Ifiurv^^ 
and tl the greate 
WHbim Hille is' 
bolely in this Com- 
mote. This Hille is 
m radicihts a %* Miles 
to the Toppe. 

EowHon £lafe yn 
Withav yn the hyeft 
Parte by Eft Eryri 
and nere LLeddan. 

Qttafi. 



litmi dmn coder jrjchen a Quarter of a Myle 
every way. 

Lmme DinssEmerts a good Mile in Lenght, and 
a dim. Mile in bredthe. 

fiJUtme Guinanhal a good Mile from iJime 
Dinm a Myle long and a dim. in bredth* 
. LLm LLeddan about a Mille in lenght. 

LJJime Ogwejne almoft a Mile yn lenght in 
LLechuueth veha^ u e. fiferior Hundrede. 

Linne Mam Avon a licle Poole in LLecb'' 
uuetbeveta.2Lifo. 

LUmne JUwaBe a finaule Pole wher they fay 
that IdwaBf Prince of IFales was killid and droun- 
id, 'Tis yn Nant Franco Valley. 

yLLinne Dulinne not half a Myle in Lenght, 
fill of Stones, in LLecbuueht IJ/a^ i. e. inferior 
Hundrede. 

Linne Tge almoft a Mile yn lenght in ULecb^ 
uuet Iffa Hundrede. 
Few or no Pooles C LUmo CoUuid a Mile from Xge Poole South- 
iiotherynI,Le»<nor'\ward a good "Mile yn Lenght in LLecbuuef 
yn ^emonitb. C Ifa. 

'> UbiI, Hille. 



BlakPoQle. 

Both in t}ie Parocb 
of CairbenOf 



Al yn Nant Con^ 
nuej Hundrede or 
Commote. 



V9jU T». 

Linne iDolwitheUn Paroche on a Hille fide iif 
Nant Conuuey Hundrede. 
t litle ponde 
%Unne Kledder Fonnon^ alias Linn LLnghy^ a 



^ Erechingi St. Vrychen {fine ingi) in B. fi LLinguinan half a 
Eood Mile B. y LLin Dentine^ Black Poole j not half a Mile &c. B. 
I TU Words over tbe Line are omitted in St. & B. f Lynne Kledder 
ipone ^Afonbon iUxzSy Linn LLngby a Quarter ^c. St. male. Voces 



I Llinne Tvthrnnyne, 



m^K\x ' 



Quarr^;^. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 47 



/I Both in UJffi 
I RougbvyimVtroch. 



Quarter of a Mile yn Lenght. 

Linne Cravenant a good Myle in Leneht, a ii.'^ 
Miles South from Convey Aboay in a Valley. 

LLin Enog^ UJn Eljez litle diftant afunder. 

Un M Rifiog betuix LLughy and Khdder* 

LLin Gerlonith a Mile yn Lenght and more. 

[LLin Thervenid halfe a Mile in lengthe, not 
far from GerionithJ] K 

Cafiette$ in Cair Arvonfliire* ' 

Ifegannow yn Cry Jen. 

CoTTWey. gques 

Tre Cajiel^ alias Caftel yMarchog a Fonon. 

Treurewe (a Myle from Conwey Abbay) where LLuelen lay 
that maried Jane^ King Johv^s Doughtre. It Itondith on 
Conwey and Treurcwe Rivers. 

Sinnodune a Mile from Conwey. The Fundation of a greate 
thing yet remayne there. 

Dolewythelan in Nant Ctnmey Commote apon jgreat KleJU 
derRyver a xiii. Miles from Cairmainan by South EAe^ and 
as much from Conway. 

Dolehateme a v. Mile from Cairarvon by Eft South Eft 
hard by LLynne. 

Dolehaterne on a Rok bytwixt 2. Limys. There is yet a 
Pece of a Toure, wher Owen Gough^ Brother to Hjielen^ 
laft Prince, was yn Prifon. it is yn JJcurvay Commot, 

Dinas Emeris. 

Cairarvon. 

Criklth. 

The Moodey in the Paroche of ^er otherwife LLan Bo- 

e 

duan^ wher Tujfog LLuelin vab Gerwarde Trundon had a Ca- 
ftel or Palace on a Hille by the Chirch. wherof yet Parte 
ftondith. 



« Riftoff St. fi He means Linne Crauenant and LLin Ge- 
rionith, iho' things are fa jumbled together that *tis hard to din 
fiingu'Jh to which of them he had rcfpe&. Nor do we receive 
any Light from Scowe cr Burton, y Sic in Autogr. Marchog-* 
^^ues in St. & B. 



I Ropghwyn. 

Syr 



la 



46 LELAfnyS ITINERARY. 

ffl^j^ Syr GmlQnfkh bath a (aire HooTe at femjne a H. Myle t 
^"^ this fide BM9g9r. 

mJt^ttfmm u^ WiBUm dwellith at a Pitoe $ iQ^MeUm a Mile 
a this fide Pimjme* 
U^Kmm dtwtTf dweliitli at COimre by Tah Lhme Ogmiim. 
FUlMm yn CMsrsrym Toune. 
GfiM sp R»kr$ Jplm mmI MmM usi P^e/dweUith yn LLie^e 
irKdkni"dweUithat atfi#i»e/. 

IhhHtmhmt^ lu e. 7#As W(m mmI JdersJith dwellith at Gweder a 
ii. DowShottes abore ConwejToant on the Ripe 
of C9mwty Rvver. it is a praty Place. 

t Elys'' MM* Moricbe yn Cammotb ^Kmamitb in 
IX«9 AfivrxM Paioche at C/innwMif. 

* C^mwej Ryrer. the Haven ftoadith by N<xtb 
and Weft: 



Avm DMegeweltb s 3. Myles above Cmmn^, 
and goith by it (elf ynto Mmey Salt Arme. 
( (On this Shore lyith Pemmiyn.) This Broke 
rennith bytwixt PewMunue Maur and Pmmmm 
yebsw. 

Av9n LLmmMssruihsm and goith ynto the 
Se a a. Miles above Due^euelth. 



vHerh f^atis 
humntb. 

y^bm Oiu dwell- 
ith at Kipd an aun- 
dent Houfe in H#- 



it rtfith in the Mon- 
laynes a Mile of. 



it rifirii yn a Mon* 
uyne therby. 

it rifith yn a Poole Avon Akr a x. large Miles above that. 

Ater Ogmtme a a. good Miles above that; 

Ahr nGegyne^ out of a 1 Montaine by, a Nfyle 
above, ^nd BmngMr almoft a Mile above ic. It 
ftoncich on Tfronmenn 



Craullid LLin Mmm 
Avm a 3. Mile of. 



« a 3. into^ the Aier ^ P$utt 4. Mile beyond Bamgor on Jff- 
Lande it rifich*'. my Shore, where is a « lide cumming yn for 
Bootes by entering of ic ynto Meney. 



m AU tbst folUm {wtb tbe three Words tmmeuiateh freadiwg in tbf 
Mifgm) M Ut M Conwey Ryver. The Haven ftondith trc. are 
WMnting in StOwe« The thru AUrgmsl Words mrt iibewHe omitted in 
Burton. $ L. Gocbltc/an. y Deefi B. ^ Defunt B. i Elizabeth B. 
{ Tbo Wfrds imMd in a Parenthefas ere iefi out by Stowe. n Degine 
B. ^ PouUth Si. • J0tr litle Afr. Leland bad frft of all written 
poore Havener, wbieb be aftervMrds firuck out. » Dejunt St. Sic 
Mutem Ugitnr in B. ^Mer Ponll rifeth a ;• Miles of in the Land, is 

^ Miles beyond Bangor on Meney Shore, where is all the coming in 
r Boates &c* 



I Gochihclio. % Hiakokh pu 3 Monteinc, 



nMoileetbom 



LELANiyS ITINERARYl 47 

d 

uMoileetbon Paffage a clitic Shot* above. There lyith 
Fery Bootes to go « into TVrre Jtfb»^. 

y%G»^nwyffmyrtketh^ i. c.Horfis Broiey 1. it rifith at Guen wm 
3 Miles of. wryri^AWeljaMilcofc 

Thens to Cairarvon 4. Mile. Cadnant Broke ri- 

J^^w^ Ryver rennith hard on the farther Side fing a 3. Miles of 
of Cairarvon^ as the Shore Side goith, and there cummitn thoroarii 
cummith in praty Shipms hard to the Caftd Side the Toune Bridg of 
from Jtffwfy into Saina Gf/r^arvc^jandgoith 

There cummith a Water cauJIid jivon Gulruay bi it felf y nto Meney 
thorough a Bridg caullid Bontnewith^ a J' a. a- Arme. SothatCifr- 
bove Cairarvon^ and after cummith • ynto Me- arvon ftondith by- 
neyzt South Croiz%.lA}\t^cf. twixt ii. Ryvers. 

South Croke is a 3. Miles above Cairarvon. Both cum into Gf^- 

? South Croke is me very Foint of AtremenUy" . nant. 

„^»f/.aquikstrtmc TheNamcof-A 

'Brode Sktuemok a litle Broke a vr. Miles above remeney is not paf- 
Abrejeynt. On the farther Side of it is a litle Cha- fing a Mile above 
pel caullid Bethauft and a. or 9. Houfis. Catrarvon. yet the 

^LLeuoTthoke goith into the Se x. Mile a- Water of film, is 
bove Skeuemok". caullid JiijHy til 

LLeueny a greate Broke aboute a Mile above fib 

cummingto theSe. AndtherisaParocbe caullid iPouUeU. 
LLa»e hLeueny. .Angi. an Hst . . « Ag^int S&uthCrokf 

There be x. Br[oks] betwixt Gutruay [and by the Mouth o£ 
5*f »«i©*,whereof the mydleis the by gger,caully d Skeuemo^ the Se hatk 
Colaidey and is • 1 ete up a litle VU- 

There is a Brooke a Mile beyond u^re LLeue- lage x on Catrarvom 
ny goyng by it felf into the Se» fide". 

Clunnok Vaur a- Atvoft a great Parcch, and the fayreft 



u Moileeton St. Moile Ethon B. f^ For lirie Shot Mr. Leland had 
firfi written Myle, which he aftjtrwardi firuck out and inserted litle Shot 

c 
over the Une. y Guenwymnynythe St, Guenwin Meryth B. I Aide 
Myle, cum Sr* • Unto St. $ Defunt Sr. m The Words above the Line 
are omiPted lyStowe. hut he hath put thre^ points under od and as many 
ever ke. 9- Defunt St. B. 1 PouUelly St. In B. Meneitel PoullelL 
n Dofim$^Ste, 



• - 
t yqto. 2, Cuenwynmyi^di, 3 mjIc. 

Chirch 



ClMfmog Paroche is in Cmv- 
Mt$t Uch Curuay, 

Fro Chtnnok Chirdi to 
iLLamstl Hahen Cbirch a 4. 
Miles in Ucb Citruay Com- 

'From LLam Aelhelren to 
Bdmh Efifiel Chirch a 3. 



This Rok is cauUid Guorthe^ 
vallis Vortegerm in 



remj u e. 



» From LLann egluh to Tre- 
m9uen Chirch a 3. Myles. 

There is a litle Broke on 
the ilither Side of TVeneuen. 

Av9m Edemey alias Giratb^ 
1 1. Miles above THneuen. 
• Ther be other fmaiilRilles 
betwixt it and Daron. 

' Bytwift yaUis Vortegemi^ 
tnd Ak&ddton the Cumpafe 
of the Se gatherith an Hed, 
and th6 Se cnterith at both 
findes. 



a XVI. Miles by 
XII, Mile by the Hy 



JLheene 

Shore, 

Way in Lengh 
TheBredofliLMffaaviii* 

^The hither Endeof LLf»^ 
by the y Shore cummith at a 
Hil 1 caullid Brlth Rivil^ uhi 
n^sUty VortegernL 



LELANiys itinerary; 

Chirch yn al Calrafvonjbirey as better 
then Bangor^ is a Mile beyond it, ahd 
as far from the Shore. There is a litle 
Ryllet. There is a Broke more thea a 
Mile above Clunog camming 1 to the 
mayne Se. 

The next Paroche above Clum$^vi 
LLaikAelhahriu. 

The nex Paroch onto it on the 

mfi/tiUs 
Shore is Egluis EftftiL wher cummith 
downe owt of a Rokke a litle RyUe aif 
it were rcnning yn a Pipe. And hither 
cam, as fum fay, S. Bemfow. A Peace 
of this Roke is fallen, and ^s valleith 
after a ftrange fafcion. 

The next Paroch on the Shore is 
D^eneuen. Treneuen Townelet is a 2. 
Miles up the Lande. and there is a a. 
Fairesevery Yere, but no Wekely Mar- 
ket. Hitherto the Coimterey is Mon- 
tainyus. 

From Treneuen to Akredattm %xi\l 
Milys. The Grounde betwyt'is 6im- 
what playne and hath 2. or 3. jP^rcxAes,' 
havyng very good Plenty of Q>rQe 
and Grafle, but very litle WcxJdde.. 
They burne Turffes, Feme, and Gbrf- 
fes, otherwife caullid Fyrres. 

The fmaule Townelet of Abfedaron^ 
wher is a 30. 6r ;ft)o Houfis, is on .the 
very farther Ripe of l>»ron. The Se 
is about aQuartre.of.aMyleof, The 
Paroche Chirch is above almofte a 
Mile on the $hor as the SflUr VJ^ 
ter cumpafith aboute with a Heddek. 
The Chirche is caullid in Wdlfcb IsJJm 
engan Brining^ id c^yFanumilfyn^, 
Reguliy where was a late a great jPilgrK' 
maee. This Paroche is alyn ^pi$|bf»f^. 
andit endith 7*/e»^. . v 



•J The Latin Word is omitted by St. ^ B. 
Shore fip St; 



/8 ValleyethB. y SIipj!*r. 



•i uco ifo« i From tl^n. 



The 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
The Countery above LLeene is cauUid Henionith. 

From LLan engan Brennme to Crik^ 
ith about a xi 1 1 • Myle by meatly play nc 
Ground, having reafonaole good Corne 
and Pafturc, but not like LLeene. There 
lyith betwixt LLan engan and Crlketh 
a ^. or 4. Parochis. At Crskith be a a. 
or 3. ppore Houfes. and there is a 
fmaulle « a Ryle, There hath beene a 
^Franchi{id"Toune,nowclenedecayith» 

From Crlkith toTrahtmaure a 3. Myle. 
y Bytwyxt Traithmaure and Traith f^e- 
han a Mile thorough a Point of Wood 
caullid Venryn Duet'tthy as yn the Myd- 
dle, rennith at low Water thorough the 
Traith Mauf Worthy Glefe LLimte Wa- 
ter, and divith Hemonith of Caitarvan- 
Jhir from Merionithjhire. 

Creiine a Commote of Catrarvon^ 
Jhire a this fide Conwey Rivet. 

This Commote partely be Qfm^ej 
R)rver. partely by the Se is yn a maner 
as infulatid. and one way owte of Den^ 
high Land tne Way is over a made Cau- 
fey over a Marfch often overflowen. 

TheCumpaceofit,asIgefle,isanviii. 
Miles. Yn Lenght it is a 3. Miles. 

Initisa3.Paroches. 



49 
F0J.J0. 



In Leene a Mile above 
Fanum Nsmani is i Fenryndthe 
a good Haven Roode. 

FoUele Bay a poore Mar- 
ket, now a l^ttftatio oft. eari^ 
nss. The Prince had a Place 
there, as yet apperith. 



l\ Al Fenrine Poiute is in 
Merionithjhire^ and as much 
as is beyounde Gleffin on the 
Warth of Traithmaure. 

Almoft a Mile from Pen*- 
ryke de yn Leene is Inis Ttd^^ 
v>ale a vi. Acres yn Cumpace. 
In it is a litle Chirch defolate. 
Ther be ? kepte Shepe, and 
there be Conys. It is a Myle 
from Fenryne Lande by South 
Eft. 

Ther is an other Met be- 
twixt it and the Shore, caullid 



Inis Msrach^ i. e. equorum^ 



« L. Rylle, fi This Word 'which if written over the line in the Orig. is 
emitted^ Stowe. vbo hath alfo decayed for decayith. y So 'tis correff-^ 
ed^ {very unintelligibly) by Mr. Lelana, who hadprfi of aU written it thus ; 
From Crikith to Trakt Vehan a 3. Myle. Bytwyxt Traith Vekan and 
Traith Mmure above rennith as yn the Myddle dlejfe LLinne Water ^c. 
Mr. Stowe has. written it as I have fublijb*d it^ only he omitts Traith 
Maur Warth after thorough the, and makes GlefTe Linne c^f . begin 
a new Faragrafh. He hath alfo omitted ftveral things in the Margin. 
Mr. Burtotfs Copy differs from me only in this that it leaves out Traith 
Maur Warth tfter thorough the, and reads divideth (^y it fhould be 
correSed) for divicb. ^ Videfaullo inferius. 



Vol. f. 



t Fcnryndty. -i Rylle. 



J kept. 

Q 



lo 



fo LELAND^S ITINERARY* 

having good nGrafle. In it is very litle Wood, and that is 

at Pemrimi. 
It berith very good Come and Grafle. 
There is Northward in CreJime a Bay or Rode very goode 
for Shippis, and that greate, cauUid Carrtg Gonnyon^ Anglice 
White St^s. Here a Mile up ynto the Land appere greate 
RuinesofK^ifivivMytf CaftelftonddingonanHille, wher, as 
fum fay, Mailgo Guimd dwe^id and LLuekn Prince of 
tl0rtb miles. 

Place Penrlne an auncient Stone Houfe by Eft North Eft 
on the Shore longing to Mr. Poel of Flint/hire. 

Cogartb almoft dene doune on Conwey River Shore be- 
twixt ., • • ♦ ^^^^ ^*y® D] . . . 

4 • * • 

Segent^ as I hard fay, rifith at Lynme Dolelademe. This 
Poole is a 3« Miles yn Lenght. yn mm Place a Mile broode, 
and yn divers Places lefle and lefle. It lyith by WHhaw Hitte^ 
and is diftant a v. Myle from Cairarvom toward South Eft 
from Cairarvem. 

Ormeyne rifith at a Place cauUid Tale LUume Ogveywe^ a 
Poole a V. Mile above Bamg^r yn the Eft Side of Witk9w. 

Cawmey Ryver Hedde is withyn a a. Myles of Penmacfan^ 
Hille, > and this Hille is a vi. or 7« Miles from Cowwey AUbey. 

T^^aith Vehan and 7)rM$h Maur be Salt Armes and Crekes 
fedde with no notable frefch Ryvers. 

Mr* R$uland Griffith tolde me that there were i. Com- 
motes betwixte Mredeuy and l\npen Mtritmith that were yn 
tymes pafte plentyfiil of Come and Grafle, but Iving low, 
and almoft as level Grounde, the Se fill many a Yere fyns 
hath dene devourid them up. and now it is totally a Sandy 
Warth. 

He told me alfo that at the Chyrch where he dwellitfa yn 
Aitglefeyy by the commune Fame of all the Counterey, there 
was of auncient tyme an Houfe of Relligion. 

In tyme of mynde Menne ufid not in nrmme to feperate 
theyr Qrounde, but now ftille more and more they digge 
Stony Hillokkes yo tfa^re Groundes, and with the Stones of 



« jtfter Grafle Mr. Leland has made this mark ^fps^issg 
that tbefe Words Al Penrime Pointe &c. vhich are flac'd m 
little above i» the JMargin Jhould te inserted here. /§ Defifa 
St. 



Attn 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. yi 

them rudely congeftid they devide theyre ittheyre^Groundes 
after Devm/btre Fafcion. 

In digging of thefe [they] digge up yn many Places ycr- 
then Pottes /8 with the Mouthes turnid douncward, conteyn* 
ing cineres & ojfa mortuorum. 

FoL5i5^a.vacant, 

The Bridge at Chefier apon Dee. Fol. jt. 

The Toun of the Holt j. Miles by Land from Chefier^ and 
there is a great Stone Bridge on "Dee Ryver. 

LLangotlan is a ix. Miles above the Holt, and there is a 
great Stone Bridge over Dee Ryver, 

LLan Got/an Village is on the South Side, and DInat 
Brane Caftelle ftondith apon an high Hille on the North 
Ripe of Dee a 3, Qu|irters of a Mile of. 

The Caftelle of Dtnas Brane was never » bygge Thing, but 
fette al for Screnght as in a Place half inaccemole for % £ne» 
myes. It is now al in Ruine: and there bredich in the Rok 
Side that the Caftelle ftondith on y bredith" every yere ati 
Egle. And the Egle doth forely affaut hym that aiftroith 
the Neft, govng doun in one Basket, and having; a nother 
over his Hedcle to defend the fore Stripe of the E^ie, 

LLanEgwlJie^olwValUsCrueiSM, Aobavof Whit Monkes, 
was 3. Quaners of a 3 Myle by Weft Nortn Wcfte. 

Wyrale. F0I./4. 

Wyrale begynnith lefle then a Quarter of a Mile of the 
very Cite felf of Chefler^ and withyn a a. Bow Shottes of 
the Suburbe without the Northe Gate at a litle Brooket caul- 
lid Flokars Broke that ther cummith ynto D^f Ryver, and 
ther is a Dok wherat at* Spring Tide a Ship may ly. and this 
Place is caullid Forte Toole. 

Half a Myle lower ys Blaken Uedde^ as to Armelet of the 
Grounde pointing oute* At this is an olde Manor Place 
longging to the Erie of Oxforde^ and thcryn lyith fhmtymc 
Syr Gul. Noms. 

A Mile be Water lower hard on the Shore is a litlc Vil^ 
lage caullid Sanheho. 

Leffe then a Mile lower is Crahho Village. 

A Myle lower is Shottevlk Caftelle on the very' Shore 
longging to the King ; and therby ys a Park, 

« 'Redundat. fi with the too^thet turnid doun^ar^^ &C.] 
Whence they fcem to me to bic Dantjh. y Rednndat. 



big^e. 2 Eaaeoiyeik « Myle of by. 

G * - Shoh 



f% LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Sb^Uewske Townclct is a ^. Qoarrcrs of a MtIc lofwcr. 

And I. Mile lower n a Roac in I>ee canllid Smhbmft^ 
wher again it on the Shore is a Sale Honfe Coctage* 

Then is BmrUm Hedde, wherbj is a Village almoft aBffic 
lower then Salt Hagfe. 

ii« Myles lower and more is Dempsk Rode, and agayne it 
a Farme Place caullid DenwoMtte HsmI. It loogldi to Mr. 
SmHbe. and more up into the Land is Pnnp#jrflf Village. 

ii. Miles and more lower is Nefin Rode, and ynwaid a 
Mile ynto the Land is Nefton Village, 

About a ^. Miles lower \s a Place caollid die ReJJe BawL 
and ther half a Mile wichyn the Land is a Village caullid 
Tbrufth^tcn, 

A Mile and more lower is fFefie KJrkeBy a Village hard 
on the Shore. 

And half a Mile lower is HittehjrL as the very Point of 
Wjrali. 

This HiUibjrt at the Roode is al environid with Water as 
an Iflc, and than the TrajeBus is a Quarter of a Mile over 
and 4. Fadome depe of Water, and at Ebbe a Man may go 
over the Sand. It is about a Mile in Cumpace, and the 
Grounde is Sandy and hath Conies. There was a Celle of 
Monkes Of Cheflre^ and a Pilgrimage of our Lady of Hilhyrl. 

The Barre caullid Chefter Barre that is at [the] very Mouth 
of the Sandcs fpuid oute of Dee Ryver is an 8. or lo. Mile 
Weft South Weft from Hilhrl 
Fol. //. It is by Eftimation a xvi Mile from the Point of HsUery to 
croffe ftrait over to the next Shore in Lancafief/hhe. For 
Lvrfoole lyith a x. Miles into the Lande from the MQuthe 
or Merfey W ater, and ly tie lak of xx. from the very Barre of 
MerTey that lyith in the mayne Se. 

From the Povnt of Hjlkyri to Lirfoole as it lyith withyn 
the Lande a x. Mile. 

From HUtyrl to cumpace about the Shore of Wyral on 
Mitfey Side to Walejey Village on the very Shore, wher Men 
ufe much nufe ' to fake Hermg taken at the Se by the Moutk 
of Abrfiy^ is a feven or eight Miles, 

Thens a i. Myles to the Fery Houfe on Wyrale Shore, an^ 
there is the TrajeBus proxtmus to Lyrfole a 3. Miles over. 

Aboute half a Quarter of [a] Mile upward hard on J^al 
Shore is Byrket a late a Priory of a xvi. Monkes as a Celle 
to ehefitr without any Village by it. 
Al ttit Shore Ground of ^w apon De fide ys highe bank* 






LELAND'S ITINERARY. fj 

id, but not veri hilly Grounde. And fo ys the Bank of Jfy" 
rale onto fiBrsket on Merfej Side. 

The T^ajeSus from WUehyri diretlely ovcrthwart bytwixt 
Flint and Bafmgwark is at the ful Se a vii. Miles over, 

Flint ejhir. roLj«. 

The Eft Parte of the Paroche of FotuMtry is in Flinfjhirt^z 
and Part of the fame Paroche toward the South ys yn Dif-- 
frtn Cluid. 

Hoele communely caullid in Englifche Poele^ and, as fum 
fay, it is the Name that we /8 caullid Hughe. 

Hoeie a Gentilman of Flyntjbir that by auncient Accu* 
ftume was wont to gyve the Bagge of the Sylvcr Harpe to 
the befte Harper ot North Wklys^ as by a Privilege of his 
Auncetors, dwellith at Fenrine yn Flyntjhsr. He hath alfo 
a ruinus Caftelet, or Pile, at a Place caullid ^ Caftell TolloMoAtMrxm 
This Word Tollo is the feme in Walfche that LLuelew ys, and^JMiw^t. 
JLudovlcus in Loitme. 

Tollo ys 2. Miles from Northoi Village a litle on the lift 
Hand yn the Highe Way to Chefter. 

Thifarte^ or Dfjarte^ Caftelle yn Flyntjbire^ by the Name yn 
Walfche is thus expoundid. 7*/ is frhatha particular as not. 
Sarte is fiefe uf. Notfiepe or y dining up^ that is to Wfplayne, Difane. 

Rethelan^ communely caulhd Rudelan^ cummith of Rethe^ v 
that ys to fay Roone color or pale redde^ and Glan^ that is the 
Shore-, but G when Glan is let with a Worde praoceding G 
Is explodid. 

About Glafcoit {viridis fdva) Hille, that is a 4, Miles be- 

y ond Ruthelan^ is the limes of FUntJhir and Deniigh lande. 

Deniighe^Lande, . F0I.57. 

Commotes yn Deniigh-Land. 

Ife Dulejffe and Hughe Dulejfe^ both by Northe toward 
L,JLan Elwy^ alias S.Afaphe. ^ 

And boothe be namid of ^ Duleleffe a Broke there rennyng* 

Ife Aleth and Hughe Aleth ly bothe flat Wefte towardoyi^l^Mi. 
Conwey^ and hath the Name of j^eth Ry ver. 

Kinemarth cummith from withyn a Mile and a half of 
Ruthine to the very Toune and Caftelle Waul o£^ Denhighe^ 
and lyith moft by South South Eft. 

Sum take the Paroche felf of Denbigh for a Commote, and ; 

m Brihet'] Sic in Aut, fi Cawle St. B. y climng\ F. r//- 
tvin^. A EKilefle B. 

I Ctfiel TdllQ, 

lyitb 



f4 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

lyith much by Efte, and is a 4. Mile yn Cun^cc or more* 
Sum fay that afore the Toune of Dm^b was made yt 
was yn Hiiete Dtfhjfe Commote, but (ins of late tyme it bath 
be provid by Pie to be a Cort and Commot of it (elf. 

There is no Place yn al thefe Commotes where the People 
6welltvicMfimy but $\ ffarfimj faving at ZlaiRitf ibe Toua feff. 

And yn al thefe Commotes was no Howie of Priory or 
Abbay, fiiving a Place of White Freres at the very Efte Ende 
of the Toun of Dmiigbe. 

There be diverfe Paroche Chirchcs in eche of diefe Com- 
motes, faving that if DeneUgh Paroch be a Commote, dier 
is but one Paroche Chirch yn it, and that is 1 St. MmctUts t 
Mile and more » out of the Toune of DetMgbt by Eft. 

Ther be ii. of Eafe by fide withyn the Toune felf* wherof 
one is caullid S. HHaries^ very large and wcUc fervid. 
Kimemsrth is the greateft Commot of al the Refidew, and 
jtt^kMiifxtV^^ hath but i. or ;. Paroches, Lan Raybadefj that is a 7. 
to fay rw Miles in Lenghr, and LLsmeh^s^ that is not al in Krmm£rfh, 
FmU rfs but Parte in Di^in Cluid. It is caullid IsLamimh^ oy caufc 
[[■^ir*^ ^^^ Chirch is fet betwixt the Ryvers of Cbiid and Clu^i^g as 
in an Ifle. Thefe 11. ftremes ren ther withjm a Qujurter of a 
Mile togither. 
|q» \uCkQyf\lhQrLLam)aWVMdetemhtTiQlinK}nvnmrib. This 
PaaniD M*. Paroche is caullid in Wslfib Kereg Edrt£on. 
fUU^JU' There is yn the Eft Ende of JL^ni JRaibddir Paroch vciy 
'•^ goodly Corne and Graffe, but by Weft South Weft yt is 
baren and hilly with Bogges. Wood inougb ya Msibaider 
by North Eft. 
M There is good Corn, as Where Grounde, about Uji* 
. • .* MiinySj metely woddyd. 

Lanvah Vadelen is much baren, but for Otes withe great 
Labor. No Wood but Turfe. Ful erf Hilles and ifc^gcs. 
Fol.;9. The Paroche felf of Denehlgbe is plentiful of Corae and 
Greile, but no great Wood. 

^e Duhjfe is good for Corne as Whete, Rve. Peaibii and 

Benes^ and hath very rood fine Pafture aim Medoi&L and luttk 

litle Waft Ground yn it^ and hath good 

This litle Parke is cauUid in Woodde as in the lefle Parke kwigg' 

fims ins to BenUghe^ and yn other Places. 

Wklfcb Gnftmdhg. There is a Qttrre of harde S^one. Its 

of a Blakifch or fad Marble Color, 

H The two Tarag;rafhs immediately foBowhg an wmlhgh^ & 
t S. Mvcfttii, % OIK clie Toimc^ 

much 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. yj 

much ufid for Ovens and Chimeneis in this lide Park : 
and there alfo they dig oute Slate Stones to ky ver Houfes, 

Hughe Dulejfe is leffe fruteful then IJe Dulejfe^ and more 
Hylly and Rokky . Thcr is Plenty of Woodde in it. And 
the great Park by Bewbigh is, as I lemid, in this Commote. 
This Parke is cauUid in Waljchi uMoU evig^ that is to fay <^Moilcrig. 
the Bslde Hyndes. 

Other Parkes then the x. aforefaid be not in Deniigbe Land. 

Ife Aleth cummith to the very Shore of RetbeUn Bay. 

This Bay bereth the Name from Rethelan and the Mouth 
of Cluide to the Mouth of Conwtj. 

Thefe ii. Paroches in l[e Mth ly apon the Shore : firft 
T^n S. George next to the Marches of Ffynt/bir^ and more 
upper Weft to CreJm Abergele Paroch, where be likelihod 
is a Water caullid Qelle. 

The North Part of Jjfi Aleth as to the Shore is meetely 
fruteful of Come. The South Part is Hilly, good for Gotes^, 
and hath litle Wood in refpedle. 

Hughe Aleth cummith by Wefte onto Ceitncey Ryver Bank 
agayn the Towne felf of Cempsy^ and ther metith with Com^ 
Credine a Pece of CatrMrvmJbir as Omwey River: and leving 
Credin on the North Side of the Sho^e, as on the right honde : 
and then goith on Compey Ryver Bank up a litle by South 
South Weft, and then levyng Coimey Bank it goidbi plain 
South and metith with Fewthline LordOiip. 

In Hughe Aieih be many Bo^es, Rokkry Hilles, and Mo- FoL x^; 
rifch Ground : And the Sk>ile is to cold to have good Come, 
yet yn divcrfe Places it berith Otes and fiim Rye. It hath in 
ium Places Woodde. In thefe Hilles be kept nete Horfe 
and Shepe. 

This Commote is the worft Parte of al DenUgb Land 
and moft baren. 

In Kinemarch Commote be a. Places wher be likelihod 
hath beene fum Caftelettes or Piles of Defence. LLeJguen* Palatinoi 
neam is the one, and that is a 3. Quarters of a Myle owt ofVindtUim 
Ihnhigh toward South in the way. to Ruth'me on the right 
Hond. There apperith no Building now, but great Diches 
and Hilles over growcn with BuffiAes. 



tf 



l^lace atnidovpe is the other, wher is a great Diche and a 
HiUe. The Name declarith it to have beene the Place of 
an Herenme. Wither ther hathe beene any other thing there 
it is out of Memorie. There is nothing now but a For 



#i Moyleaig B% 

Borow. 



Stf: LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

Borow. It is a Mile and more from DmUgb by South in Ike 
way CO Rutbh on the lifte Hand. 

Dentigh Toune. 

After that King Edward had extinflid the Prince of IVaUsi 
ftnd had holcly z\ Wales in his Poffeffion he much fhidied to 
the Fortification efpccially of North Wales^ and the Marches 
of it. And by this meane L»acy a Man ot greate Eftimatioa 
aboute Edwarde the L had the Land of Dentj > gyven onto 
hym. 

And I have hard fay that it was partely in confideration 
that he maried in the Blodde of the Prince of Nmb Wales. 
Lacj was a great Lord Marcher afore in Ewifland bering thd 
Name of Lacye. 

This Lacy farfte began the Toun of DeyMgh^ walling it and 
making a Caftelle there. Afore his ty me I cannot lerne that 
there was other Toun or Caftelle. 

The Toune and Caftel of Deniigbe ftandith on a craggy 
Hille, and is nere a Mile in Cumpace, and J\J^^ orhcu- 
larifiiura^ The Caftelle lyith South on the Toune: and 
the Toun lyith to the Caftelle by North and Eft. 

In the Toun be but a. Gates, the Efcheker Gate, and the 
Pol. ^o. Surges Gate. In the firft was the Lordes Court kept : and 
totu fti»-in the other the Burgefis. The Eskeker Gate lyith playne 
'"• Weft, and the Burgeies Gate plain North. 

Thefe ii. Gates as the Cumpace of the Waulle goith be a 
great flite Shot one from the other : and betwixt them in 
the Waulle is never a Tower. 

And from the uEsker Gate to the Caftel is never aTowre : 
but ther is a Galery out of the Caftel into it. 

Thefe Towers be in the Toune Waulle by Eft from the 
Burgefes Gate to the South Eft Side of the Caftelle. 

Firft a great quadrata Tower /8 caullid [fe- 

r- condly] the Countes Toure (beyng fquare) a goodly [Tower 
of 2. Loftes high. The third the Goblin Hole femicircuUm 
fgura^ the Leades of which in bominum memorta about an 

• 
•I L. Eskeker. ^ All that follows this Word as far as At this 
tyme there be fcant 80. Howfolders ^c. is wanting in Stowe^ 
who has written this Note: the ether torne and defacid. And 
indeed mofi of it is torn out in the Orig. Aut Uis fuPpWd in Bur- 
ton. ^ J * y 



80J 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ^7 

80 . Yeares agoe were with Tempeft catrricd awaye, as frrre 
almoft as &. MatceUes the Paroche Church, and foe hath 
lay en uncovered.] 

There be x. rounde Toures befide. 

There hath beene diverfe Rowes of Streatcs withyn the 
wald Towne, of the which the moft 

part be now doone in maner. and at There is a goodly and large 
this tyme there be fcant 80. Howfol- Chapel of Eafe in the old 
ders. Toune of « St.HiIatie. wither 

I have not yet lemid the Certente yet mofte of the new Toua 
how this wallid Toune decayed withyn. myet!' cumme. 
wither it were by a Fire or for lak of 
Water^ wherof tnere is litle or none, or for lak of good 
Caryage into the Toun ftanding (umwhat high and on rokky 
Ground. I cannot fi 3 telle. 

But the Towne of DenBigh now occupied and yoining 
neere to the old Toun hath beene totally made of 4 late tyme, 
and fet much more to commodite of Cariage and Water by 
many Welles in it. And the / Encreafe of this was the Decay 
of the other, y At diis prefent tyme the new is 3. tymes 
[as byge] as the 6Id. [The Market Place in Denijgbe that 
is fayre and law was pavid but of late Yeres.] There is F0I.61. 
a Chapelle of Eafe in the Midle of the new Towne of 
S. Ame. 

One Fleming was the Builder of this, and yet it is caullid 
Cafelle Fleming^ and is of a good Large- 

nes. Ther was an Almofe Houfe hard The new Toune of Den^ 
by this Chapelle exfaxo ^uadrato made Ugh was clere defacid with 
by the fame Flmtng. But now it is FierbyHoftilite,tf0.jp.|^g. 
defolate. Sum fey that this was doonc 

The Caftelle is a very large thing, by the Erleof P^w^^^le. 
and hath many Toures yn it. But the 
Body of the Wofke was never finifhid. 
I -^ — • — —^ '' ■ — - -"-■ — — - 

m RedunJat: fi h, I cannot furely teUe. y At this prefent 
time the newe is 3. times as bigge as the ould, and is a 
Mile • • ... ... . *ana it lyeth all in one Street 

• • . • and in the Market Place 

well builded, which is fayre, and lafge, and paved of late 
Yeares. The Confluence to the Market on Tewefdaj is ex-^ 
ceding great. St. MatceUes a Mile of was Paroch Church 
to the ould Towne, and foe it is to the new. There is a 
Chapel of Eafe ^c. B. 

I S.Hilarie. 2 Fiei;« 3 furely cclle. 4 later tyme. j Eacreace. 

Vol. y. H The 



5$ LELANP'S ITINERARY. 

The Gate Houf<p U ^ mcrveluf ftroiig toAjgeu Petce ef 
Work, but the M^ of it were n^vturfinucUd. If thev 
had beene, it might have beene countid emoog the mok 
memorable Peaces of Wof t^s yo M^^MI* b hath diverfe 
Wardes and dy verfe Portcclkis. Oo the Float of the Gate 
Is fet the Image of Am* Lny Erie of Um^n m his ftately 
lonff Robes. 

There is a notber-yery high Towre and larg in the Ca^ 
fteUe caullid tht Hedde nwre. 

Sum fay that the Erie of LJmepUt Sunne felle into the 
Caftelle Welle, apd thcr dyed : wherapon he never paffid 
to fiaifch the Caftelle. 

King Edward th^ 4. was befegid in Demi^fhCMAtXk^i and 
ther it was padid bytwene King Hmrfs Men and hym that 
fie fhould with Life departe the Reaulme never ta returnee 
K they had taken Kin^ SdmanU there MeUMrnkftigit. 

There is every Sunday Prayers made in S. Wan Chapelle 
for X4(^ff and Pfrgr. 
f ^L tx. J>9wbtgb Lande on fum Places marcheth apoa dmJU RyverJ 
T ^v^ \.^r^ fr^r RmiMf Hir- ^WhcT CUtiJ comnueh nieft to Dem- 
hokt here for Fmfnm Dm- A^ATounitisa.Mikaofby Efle- 

'"'s.Dti-i.xWeUeamightv ^""£^1^11%^ 

rennmg leant a Mile. j^ p^ ^f ^^^ 

Looke heere for thefe Brokes. 

Velum. 

VfttMie cummith within half a Mile by South of l>enUgb 

Toun, and goith ynto Clmd by the Weft Ripe almoft againe 

DinUgb TouQ that is a i. Miles of^ 

Lacus ^0' J^etb rifith in LLin uileib Poole an 8. Milea Weft from 

^i*** DemSigb Toun in the Paroche of LLsn Sannsm^ ^nd rc^nnitb 

about an S. Miles towarde the North, and iS go ynto theSouth 



m. Then 4re tbfie f^aas made ^ver ibis Word m tbe Qrig.,smd 
Mi mimy aver ^sinfi it in the Marg^n^ vbera is wriHem: and 

than ynto -by Weft. It is in XXMnkad^ Par 

roche, ojt ium caullid S. Dunnokts, vbkb Words ^ro mforU4 
i» Burton immediMtelj after fcant a Mile. J8«^ things mro 
very mucb corrupted dt this VUce in Stow9» fi Qwk S$. 4f 



lUp^ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY* ^9 

obediAit 
Ripe of Elvy inLLan m Heneth Paroche, jS Fanum oteJiiMti^. 
a 6. Miles above S.Afaph. So that the Ther is a ylitlc" Water 
Courfeofitgoithan [8.] Miles by E- c^\3^MMerMch^1irchion^^\itr^ 
ftimation. by^ as > fum fsky, waft I Lorde 

On the farther Ripe of Elwy a 3. or Marach a MhrA . . . . ans 
4. Miles above S.Afafhes is a Stony Place. ±lti%\inHtkelladV^- 
Rok caullid Kereg thetyttudne^ i. e. the roche.] 
Rok with hole Stents j wher a great Cave is^ having divers 
Romes in it hewid cut of the maytie Rok. 

There is in the Paroch of LIjitifafMam in the Side of i 
Stony Hille a Place wher ther be 14. Moles dr Places id a 
Roundel for Men to fitte in, but fum lelTe and fum bigger, 
cutte oute of the mayne Rok by Minnes Hand, and theriii 
Childern and Young Men cumming to feke their Catelle ufe 
to iitte and plav. SyimczxiYi.titthe'RouiideTMe. Kiddesuft 
ther communely to pla^ and skip from Sete to Sete. 

There is an Hille with Pafture in Guttheryn Paroche in 
Denbigh Lande caullid Pentere^ i. e. cttfut fifnlcbfi^ wher a 
Stone like a fiat Stone of a Grave lyith, and one, as it is fayde, 
lyith under it byried. 

Fol. 6^. vacat. 

Market Vmnes in Gloceftrefliire.' F«l. ^4? 

Glocejlre. 
Brifiew. 
Cireceftrei 
Twekeshjri. 

Cajielles in Cloct&ttMxt. 
Glocefire. , 

Sudely by TPinchelcumie. 
Cireceftre had a Caftel by jlikelyhod. 
Brijlow Caftel. 

Rjvers in Gloceftrefliire, 

Severn* 

Avon touchith at Twekeshlrh 

Another Avon at Brifiow. 



M Obedient fitfra lin. deefi in B. ^ Ifla^ fUiO in marg. fom 
futmus^ defunt in Stoveo, y Still B. f L. Maracb a • • 
. . • Place B. 

I ,.mm 11 I'l I ■ I I ■ ■! I I W I m ill I I I ■ 

I fum Oif • %Uh HeneU«a ?«[f •dr.] 3 lykclyhod, 

H * ?2r 



6o LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

IJts rifith a iii. Mylcs from O'rencifire not far from a Vil* 
lage cawUed Kemble within half a Mylc of the Fojfe Waj^ b^ 
twixt Cireceftre and Bdth. Thens it runneth to Lafmelad % 
4« Myles of^ and fo to GrekeUi abowt a Myle lower, ibne 
after recey ving Churn. 

Chume at Cteefire^ proprie Chumcifire^ m a hard by cMn^ 
fon^ improprie pro fi^Chimettntm. The principal Hedde of 
ClmrM rifith at Coterie^ wher is the Hed Howie of Sir y^im 
firtJges. It 18 a vii. Mvles from Glocejire^ and a five Myles 
or more from Cireceftre by the which yt renneth, and thens % 
VI. Myles [und] infra Greklad msllim yt goith into I&. 

Wher as the very Hed of i/& ys in a great Somer Drought 
S appeiith very litle or no Water, yet is Ac Stream fervid 
with niany Ofspringes reforting to one Botom. 

Communely thorough al Glocefterjbire there is good Plenty 
of Corn, Pafture and Wood, faving at CotefwM wher the 
great Flokkes of Sheepe be, and yet in fum Places ther grow- 
^th fiiir Corn. 

Gloceftre where yt is not fufficiently defended by Severn ys 
wauUed. The Caftel is of an wonderful old Building, bitt 
no old Brtfons Brykes yri yt, Jed lafUex flerumque quadratu 
Of al Partes of yt the hy 4 Tower In media area ys moft 
ftrongeft and auncient. Withowt dufllcl fojfa murntur. In 
the Towne be [xi.] Paroche Chirches. withowt Blak 
Monkes yn the Town. Blak Chanons lately withowt, 

An Arow fliot withowt the Town toward Herford y$ a long 
Bridge of Stone, under the which goeth a great Arme of 
Seveme^ as I remembre, cawlled Owjehurne. Yt breketh owt 
of the great Screame above the Town, and beneth yt goith 
againe into the mayne Streame. The Curfe of yt is abowt a 
Myle. So that it infulateth a goodly Medow. 

Brlffow apon Avon a greate Cite^ well wauUed, having a 
fair Caftel. In yt is now, as I remembre, xviii. iParoche 
Chirches. S. Augufilnes^ Blak Chanons extra mania ; i Af m 
In magna area faceUum^ in que fefultus eft S, Jordanus, unm 
ex dljclfulif Auguftini Anglorum afoflolu A Howfe withowt 
the WauUes, as I remembre, cawlled the Gauntes otherwife 
Bonhommes, [iiii.] Howfes of Freres, of the wiche the 
White Freres Places ys very fair. Avon Ryver abowt' a 
jQiMtrter of a Myle beneth tne Towne in a Medow cafteth 



a And hard ;y/. Hard B. ^8 Chilnertown. St. 






LELAND'S ITINERARY. ft 

up a great Arme or Gut by the which the greater Veflels as 
mayne toppe Shippes cum up to the Towne. So that Avon 
doth peninfulate the Towne, and Veflels may cum of [bothe] 
Sides of yr. I marked not wel whither ther cam any frefcn 
Water from the Land to bete that Arme. 

Avon goith into Severn at Kyngcs Rode iii. £Myles] be- 
neth iBrifiov)] by Land, and fVi^J by Water. 

In the Hilles about Brljiow [Towne be] found litle Stones 
{pi divers Colours counterfetynge precious] Stones. 

Cirecefire^ corruptely for Chumecefire^ peraventure of P/^- 
leme cawUed Cormmum^ ftondeth in a Botom apon the Ry- 
ver of Churne. The Cumpace of the 
old Waul, cujus fauca adhuc extant ve- 
fiigia^ was nere hand ii. Myles. A Man 
may yet walking on the Bank of Chume 
evidently perceyve the Cumpace of 
Fundation of Towers fumtyme ftand-^ 
ing in the Waul, and nere to the Place 
wher the right goodly Clothing Mylle was fet up a late by 
the Abbate was broken down the Ruine 
of an old Tower toward n^aking of the 
Mylle Waulles, in the which Place was 
fownd a quadrate Stone fawUen down 
afore, but broken in aliquot frufia^ 
whenn was a Romaine Infcription, or 
the which one fcantly letterd that faw 
y t told me tjiat he might perceyve Font. 
Max. Among divers numifmata fownd 
frequently there Dloclejian's be moft faireft. But I cannot 
adfirme the Infcription to have bene dedicate onto hym. In 
the Middes of the old Town in a Medow was found a Flore 
de a teftellts verficolorikus^ and by the Town nofirh temporihus 
was fownd a broken Shank Bone of aHorfe,theMouth clofed 
with a Pegge, the which taken owt a Shepard founde yt fillid 
numm'ts argenteis. In the South Sowth Weft fide of the Waul 
be lykelyhod hath bene a Caftel, or 

fum other greatBuilding. the Hilles and Sum fay that it was the 
Dichesyet remayne. The Place is now Place wher Sege was laide to 
a Waren for Conys, and therin Jiath the Town, and not far thens 
be fownd Mennes Bones infoUta ma- is a fteepe rownd Biry like a 
gnttudmis^ alfo to fepulchres exfeBo la- Wind Myl Hill ext. muros 
fide. In one was a round Veflel of cawlled Grifmundes Tower, 



Fol.6j, 



Be lykehod yn times paft 
Guttes were made that Partes 
^oichume Streame might cqm 
thorow the Cyte, and fo to 
returne to theyr great Botom. 



The Soyle in the Stony 
Feeldes aoowt Cirecefre is 
more aptforBarle then Whete, 

Therabowt as in Cotejwold 
is fmawl Plenty of Wood ex- 
cept in few Places kept of 
necefllte, 



I Qf churn Streame. i TelTellU, 



Leade 



6% LELAND'S ITIKEfeARY. 

for mGufmundes « Tower, as Leade covered, and 1ft it A(hei tad; 
th^ic fay. Peace§.of Bones* More then ill. Parus 

of the old Town is now goodly Mt« 
dow Ground. The iiii. Part ys yet wel inhabited, baviag 
one Paroche Chirche "^ttf richely 
Ther is alfo a litle Chapel ^ wrought, and an Abbay of filak Cha- 
ts an AlmofeHoufe. nons fitnda$Gre Htntico ffim$. fine 

there afore was a great Chireh of Vtc^ 
bendaries. In the Body of the Chirch in a fepulchre Crofle 
of White Marble is this [Infcription,] »V ifcH ifRanibal- 
d\x$ presSyter^ quondam bit jus eceUfise decamf^ {jd" temf9t$ Ed- 
wardi regis Anglix cancetiarim^ 

Cummyng 3 from Glocefter to Ctrecefite almoft yn the Myd- 
dle Way betwyxt wher the Wood fayleth and Cbarnpayne 
^^ Countery toward Cotefwold appereth, the faire Old Way made 
by the Britons ys very evidently feen, and fo goeth aa ftrayt 
as a Line to Cirecejler^ and fro thens to Bathe, But flim 
wold that the Way from Cirecefier to Bath fiiould be Ae rttf 
Fofle^ and the Way betwyxt Cireceflre toward OUseper to be 
an other of the iiii. Waves made by the Britons. Tfae Abbat 
c( ^Circeftre told me that abowt Cireceflre Ihould be ctoSh 
' meating of al the iiii. Wayes. 

At Utle^htiri^ alias Sodbiri^ in Ghceftrejhire a XiU Miles 
from Brijlom as yt were by North Eft appcreth on a Hille 
a ftrong Camp of Menne of Warre doble dichid. It h upd 
now to be fowcn by Mr. WaUhe. 
f$i.66. Kenchejier ftandeth a iii. Mylcs or more above Hereford 
upward on the fame Side of tne Ryver that Herford doth; 
yet is yt almoft a Myle fro the Ripe of Wy. This Towne 
IS far more aunqrent then Herford^ and was celebrated yn 
the Bomajnes tyme, as appererh by many thinges^ ande^** 
cyally by antique Mony of the Cafars very often fownd 
withyn the Towne, and yn Plowghyng abowt ; the wl»clf 
the People ther cawUeth l>uarfes Monj. The Cumpac?e of 
Kencbeflre hath bene by Eftimation as much as Herfofd^ 61- 
ceptlng the CafteL the which at Herford ys very fpatiole« 
Peaces of the Walles and Turrets yet appere frofe fnnish^ 
menta, and more fhould s have appered if the People of Her^ 
ford Town and other therabowt had not yn tymes paftc 
pulled down muche and pyked owt of the beft for niere 



m Garmundes B. fi Reynoldus $t^ 



I TowF. % wrougt. I fro* 4 Circce^e. f haTo hive apptnd. 

Builds 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 6i 

Buildingea. Of late one Mr. Bramtm buylding a Place at 
Strett$n a Mvle from Kenthejhidsfd fetch much tayled Stone 
there toward hi$ Buildinges. Iney told me ther that one 
M. Umgtmm ys Owner both of Keuckifitr and Suttaw. By 
lykclyhod Men oJF old tyme went by Kmckefier to Hfrv ^^ 
io to Bfikmc and Cmr Mardvn. The Place wher the Town 
was ys al over growen with Brambles, Hafylles, and lyke 
I Shrubbes. NeverthelelTe here and there yet appere Ruines 
of Buyldinges, of die which the folifch jpeople cawUe on 
tte Kif^ of Feyris C^lh^i. Ther hath ben fownd n^fhrn m§^ 
moria uatris jBritannici, & ex eifdem cmb^Ih^ mqUM dm8m^ 
teJfeUata fmmmnhi^ fr4fgi90tium cainmla amtta^ ioUsr ex 
argente^ bv fide other ftrawne thinges. To be fhort, of the 
I>ecaye otKemehefire Heffmfl rote and florifhyd. Withowt 
fi&yle Heff»i ys better iet as hard apon Wy Ryver, and fo 
nerer to the Paftures. But I cannot perceyve that Bereferi 
had any great Begynning afore King Offm tyme, the whida 
be al » likelyhod Kad a Palace at SMm. 

SutUm ys a iiii. Myles from Htrtferi^ wher appere no- 
table Rutnes of fum auncyent, and ^etf Building. It is 
thowght ther and a great ilikelyhod is that it was lUmtyme 
the Manfion of King O^, at fuch tyme as Kjmekeft^e flood, 
or els Hepfiri was abef^nnyng* 

Mardex Village is abowt a Myle from SMtfem^ and harde 
by vs a Hil wter, as men %, S^ BtbeUmegbt was behed* 
dec. At the Village now is a mr Chirche dedicate to hym. 
I thynk verely that he was flayn at Sxit^m yn Kins Offt^t 
Howfe. The Name of Matdm femech to expreOe ^e Mxr^ 
tyrs Mil. 

Brekmo^hire is very Montaoius, and in fiim « Place ver^ Fol.^; 
wooddy ; netberthelefle in the Valles frutefiil of Corn, and 
efpecially of Paftures. Hot the Walfcbmexyn tymes paft, as 
they do almoft yet, did ftudy more to Paftursge then Tyli- 
ling, as Favorers of their confueteldilnefi. AmcmRaltne 
Montaynes of that Shire Blake Montayne is moft tamofe. 
For he ftrecchith, as I have lerned, his Rootes on one fide 
within a iiii. or v. Myles of Mmemuthy and on the other 
Side as nere to Cairmerain. Though this be al one Montayne, 
yet many Partes of him have fimdry Names. Owt of this 
Montayne fpringeththe Heddes of iiiiv famofe Ryvers, that 



m Sic. 



I Sliarbbcf. » lyktlybod. s Irkelyhod. 

be 



6% LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

for mGyfmundes > Tower, as Leade covered, and ift it A(hei and; 
theie fay. Peaceiof Bones. More then ill . Partii 

of the old Town is now goodly Mt« 
dow Ground. The iiii. Part ys yet wel inhabited, baviag 
one Paroche Chirche "^ttf richely 
Ther is alfo a litle Chapel ^ wrought, and an Abbay of Blak Cha- 
ts an AlmofeHoufe. nons ptnMere Henrico frim^. Bti€ 

there afore was a great Cmrdi of Pre-* 
bendaries. In the Body of the Chirch in a fepulchre Crofle 
of White Marble is this [Infcription,] H/V jacit # Renibai- 
dixs fresfyter^ quondam bitjuf ecchjiif JeCdmtf^ l& femfot0 Ed*- 
wardi regis Anglix caneeBarim,'] 

Cummyng 3 from Glocefier to Ctreceftte almoft yn the Myd- 
dle Way betwyxt wher the Wood tayleth and Cbamptyne 
^^ Countery toward Cotefwold appereth, the ftire old Way made 
by the Britons ys very evidently feen, and fo goeth as ftrayt 
as a Line to Cirecefier^ and fro thens to Bsthe^ But film 
wold that the Way from Cireafier to Bath fiiould be Ao very 
Fofle. and the Way betwyxt Clreafire toward OUseMer to be 
an other of the iiii. Waves made by the Britons. The Abbat 
cS ^Circeftre told me that abowt Cireceftre Ihould be ctoSn 
' meating of al the iiii. Wayes. 

At Litle^iUHj alias Sodhiri^ in Gheeftrejbire a Xit. Miles 
from Brijlow as yt were by North Eft appcreth on a Hille 
a ftrong Camp of Menne of Warre doble dichid. It h tt^ 
now to be fowen by Mr. Walche. 
f^.66. Kenchefier ftandeth a iii. Mvlcs or more above Hertford 
upward on the fame Side of tne Ryver that Herfotd doth; 
yet is yt almoft a Myle fro the Ripe of Wy. This Towne 
IS far more auncyent then Herford^ and was celebrated yn 
the Romajnes tyme, as appcreth by many thinges^ ^tAt{pe^ 
cyally by antique Mony of the C^fars very often fownd 
withyn the Towne, ana yn Plowghyng abowt ; the wl»df 
the People ther cawllerh Duarfes Monj. The Cumpade of 
Kenebeflre hath bene by Eftimation as much as Herfotd^ 61- 
cepting the Caftel. the which at Herfcrd ys very fpatiole« 
Peaces of the Walles and Turrets yet appere profe fimd^ 
menta. and more fhould rhave appered if the People ai Hot* 
ford Town and other rherabowt had not yn tymos paftc 
pulled down muche and pyked owt of the beft for there 



m Garmundes B. fi Reynoldus $t^ 



M 



t Towr. ft wrougt. 3 fro. 4 Cireceftre. f haTo hive apptred. 

Build- 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 6i 

Buildinges. Of late one Mr. Brahtin buylding a Place at 
StreMn a Mvle from Kenfkefiredvd fetch much tayled Stone 
there toward hi^l Buildinges. Iney told me ther that one 
M. U»gts» ys Owner both of Keudnfitr and Sttttom. By 
lykelyhod Men oJF old tyme went by Kmckejler to Hfy, ^ 
io to Bukm€ and Cmp Mtntthn. The Place wher the Town 
was ys al over growen with Brambles, Hafylles, and lyke 
I Shrubbes. NeverthelelTe here and there yet appere Ruines 
<^ Buyldinges, of die which the fcdifch People cawlle on 
the King of FeyP9S Ckf^#. Ther hath ben fownd nefirm m§^ 
moria Ia$tn$ Britanmci, & tx tifdem tMslfy ^4t dmSmy 
teffelUta favmenhg^ /r4gmemfMm caiimU awtta^ taUst ex 
argentej by fide other ftrawng thinges. To be fhort, of the 
I>ecaye of Kemekefire Hetfif 4 io(c and florifhyd. Withowt 
fayle Heff^i ys better iet a$ hard apon Wy Ry ver, and (o 
nerer to the Paftures. But I cannot perceyve that Hereford 
had any great Begynning afore King Offms tyme, the which 
be al Mikelyhod had a I^ace at Sunm. 

Sutfom ys a iiii. Myles from Htreford^ wher appere no- 
table Rutnes of fum auncyent, and ^e^ Building. It is 
thoweht ther and t great rUkelyhod is that it was lUmtyme 
the Manfion of King O^, at fuch tyme as Kmekefire flood, 
or els Herfird was abef^nnyng* 

Mardem Village is abowt a Myle from SBttm, and harde 
by vs a Hil wter, as men &Yy & BtbeUeiegbt was behed* 
dec. At the Village now is a mi Chirche dedicate to hym. 
I thynk verely that he was flayn at Swtt^m yn Kins Offe^t 
Howfe. The Name of Mtrdem femech ta expreOe ^o Mmt^ 
tyrs Hil. 

Brekmo^hire is very Montaoius, and in fiim « Place ver^ Fol.^; 
wooddy ; netberthelefle in the Valles frutefiil of Corn, and 
efpecially of Paftures. Hot the Watfcbmex^n tymes paft, as 
they do almoft yet, did ftudy more to Paiturage then Tyl- 
ling, as Favorers of their confuete Idilnefi. AmcmR al the 
Montaynes of that SSbire Blake Montayne is moft tamofe. 
For he ftrecchith, as I have lerned, his Rootes on one fide 
within a iiii. or v. Myles of Monemuthy and on the other 
Side as nere to Calrmeram. Though this be al one Montayne, 
yet many Partes of him have fimdry Names. Owt of this 
Montayne fpringeth the Heddes of iiir. famofe Ryvers, that 



m Sic, 



I Sliarbbcf. » lyktlyhod. % lykelyhod. 

be 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY^ 

be diverfe Cowrfrs thorowgh Sewth Wales at the laft Cttitl 

Imto the Severn Se, Ther be yn the Shir diverfe othet 
itle Rivers, of whom G/>4i/Jiyf writeth at lengthy ^Hodemej 
that giveth the old Name to Bteknoc^ that is to lay jiterb^^ 
deney^ and LLeueney that cummeth owt of j^terel Hylles^ 
the wich be cawUedf in JValfch Meneth e CatUity id eft m&m$es 
mlti inflMr cathedrarum^ and fo defcendeth ynto Breimae 
Mere, the which is a ii. Myles in Lengeth^ and a Myle or 
more in Bredthe. This Lake is cawlied m Walfcbe LUm 
SeuaShan. Here one thing is to be noted^ that after a great 
Revne LLeuemey cummeth owt of the Montaynes with fuch 
a Rage that he m bringging the Color of the Dark redde 
Sand with hym, and ys fene by the Color wher he vio- 
lently pauech thorowgh the Mere. 
The Lake of Brecnok ons Thenslilieivf^o^rennethinto^abowt 
fi-ofen over, and than in a G/^fi^^r/ a i>i. M^^es from tbe £tiy, the 
Thaue breking maketh mer- which is in the right way betwixt Her^ 
velus Noife fer totam vici- ford and Brekmoc. Looke more dili- 
niim. gently for this Lake apon GiraldmBook 

cawlied Itinerarium Cambria. ^ In the i Lake be Umbers^ yn 
Walfcbe Cangans^ and great Store of Pykes, vwherof many 
cum into Wy River. 

The Town of Breknoc is welle wauUed, and hath a fair 

Caftel yoining to hit. The Duke of Boktngbam "Wbs of late 

Lord there. In the Town i8 be ..... Paroche Chirches, 

andwithowt ... There a late was a Celle of Blak Monkes 

^ longing to Batayle Abbay. 

Fol. 69. - Brekenok waullid. iiii. Gates. Old Port fi/periorjjis.the Bf 

Gate by North.' Weft Gate by the Blake Freer. They be ia 

. i the Suburbe. Bfl Gate^ Water Gate^ Camtrlce y T^rtbtne 

bichca^ u e. fuferior^ the Old Gate. 

Bedde thes Gates is one Portions^ Brtdgate^ alias Weft Gate. 

without in the Beginning of Partsffathe lower gate^ alias Eft Qaie. 

a Suburbe ^ caullid alfo Por- Portdoure^ Water Gate^ alias Partvisbe. 

thene S. Maria. In the Towne isa mighti great Ch&pelt 

with a large Tour for Belles of hwie 

u Bringethe St. B. fi Ihefe two lacunae are not fn^Vd 
either by St. or B. y Porthene, the North Gate, Ould 
Gate, B. I caullid alfo Porthene S. Marias.] I think that 
after Porthene (hould be a full point, and that S. Maris 
fliould be put in a diftind: line, to fliew that the m/gbtl great 
Chafel here fpoke of was dedicated to St. Mary. 



Ston 



LELAND'i ITINERARY. tfy 

StoncoftelyfquaredwiththeExpencesofathoufandPoundes. 

The Paroche was wher the Priori was, and was afore |- J^^"*" 
ther or the Priori was made, and yet is. It ftondith North ^°^*" 
wichowt the WauUe zpon the Ripe of Konddye. 

M 

The I Paroche of LLanuays. LLan Chirch. Vals ext. <ff s. DdvnU*. 
ft diceres extra muros. ' It ftandeth betwixt the River of Uske 
and Tyrtarelle Brooke, that [is] about the lower Ende of the 
Toun of Prekemk. 

In the Eft Suburbe ys an Hofpitale with a Chapel. 8. Uurinel 

The Caftel ftondith in the Suburbe and is devidid from 
the Touhe by Houdeney River^ over 

the wich is a Hy Bridge of ii. » Arches Ther apperith Digging , 
to go into the Caftel, the wich is very wher Menne laborid to bring 
large,ftron8;,welle mainteynid. and the a Peace of Hondy about to in- 
Keepe of the Caftel is very large and fulate Brekenok with hit and 
faire. IVtske. 

In the Toune is Market twys a Weeke Wenfday and Satur- 
day, 

There hath beene founde about the Toune in the Feeldes 
IRomaine Quenes. 

At the Ende of the lower Part of the Caftel cummith Hovd' 
dey into Uske as foone as Wske is «one paffid thorough the 
great Bridge. 

Uske Bridge at Brekenoc was throuen doun by the [Rage] 
of Wske Water ajmo ad. Henrici 8. die S. Hugonis. It 
was not by Rain but by Snow meltid that cam out of the 
Montaines. The Water fi 3 ranne forward about the Toppe 
of the [Hy Bridge, and the Circle Mark apperithe almoftj to 
the Midde Waul of the Blake Freres 4 [Cloiftre.] 

To the Lordiliip of Brekenoc longgith' but only the Market 
of Brekenok. 

In al the Lordlhip of Brekenoc was not in time of memori 
but the Priori of blake Menkes in Brekenok a Celle to 
Batai/e* 

Barffardus de novo mercatu was Founder of hit. 

LUn 

yNanthenddye a Priori of Blake Chanons ftondith in thesuppreffid. 

titer caul 1 id Henddye Slade 

Vale of Ewias xiiii. Miles from x Brekenok. But it is a nother 

tt Ones St. Deefi B. & Ranne above the Toppe B. 
y LLanthonddye St. LLan Nanthondy B. 

I paroch. . % Archil. 3 ranne » yard abovt St, f [Clo]iftre. f Breknok. But 
Vol. 5. I Honddyo 



LELANDTS ITIKERA&T. 



WmMje tfacB dttt dat c— kh to Biii—i. TMsMori 
was £ttr^ Jiid lloode bctvioa M. greir Ifiks 

For ttePjftr «jboac flMEAr JBUr#k pK he 'fikdf- 



AftwresWi€\%m. good liS^Eir Ifiks Soadb Weft fion 
Brektm0k^ Ukd in the rcri Toppe of the I Mr s a £nic 
Wclkfenflg. This Hale of finmwisooHtBdtkelMftiak 
ef Wsus^ andinaTericIceicdqraManiieai^fefipQBfait 
a Part dtMtidverm HiUcs, and GUa§rt^ and aij(fci«i tart 
€* VevmfinmyiC^rmmsU. TherTOchcr drntfefiaics by 
jlrtures WXic^ the wkh, with hit, be i Mw Ij canttid 
Bmme Brfkewuuu. 

LLin SeniObmm is a iiiL Mjrlcs by SaahSondi Eft firam 
Brekemk. Itis in BrcdthaMile, andaiLMkscf Lengbt, 
and wber as it is depeft a xiiL FadoBu On the one fide wd 
nere the Ripe is a Kinde of Wecdes that goith akmg^ the 
IXin^ wberin tbe ^aune bath Sociir, and aifo the greate 
Fi/che. At great Windes tbe Water dodi finge thcr mer- 
veluflx* LL^^ cummith tboroa^ dus La£e^ no great 
River, and after £reat Raine is parfigbtly fceneoricdde Co- 
lor in tbe middeit of tbe Lake. After that it is 6ofen and 
witb Tbaue be^nnitb to breeke it makith inch a Noife tbat 
a Man wold thinke hit a Tbunder. It beiith as the princi- 
ple Fi(ch a great Numbre of Bremes, and they »upere in 
May m migbtti Seniles, (o tbat fumtime they hreke large 
Nettcs: and ons frayed appereth [not in the /Bryme of 
f^.if. '*« Watar] tbat Yer^ againe. It beretb alfo good Pikes, 
and Percbes in greate Numbre. Trowtes alfo, and Cheuyns 
by cumming in of IsJLeuenj. 

Menne fiicbe there • umiignehy and they be very narow. 

The Hedde of the Lake wher LLeueny River cummith in 

Michael * 

is at { laMnuihtngle Kjthedlne. 
I W^ ffs- '^^^ Endc is at LLanuihengle Tale LLtn. 
fik/Mt. Tinkelthli Caftel ii. Mile from Brekenek. Ther on the 

farther Side of Uske. But thcr is onely a faire Mcdow by- 
-'' "' twixt Utki and hit. Sum fay that it longgid to theiU^r^mpfr. 

Syni the Lordfliip was dividid betwixt the Duke of-BokkBg- 

* « Above St. /8 Is B. y Be divers other B. ^ Brimme 
£• • F. uncis ligneis. ( LLanuifchael Kethedine St. 



I likflydioddf. » apperre. 3 Tile prop? ii J&fM. 

Jtam^ 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 6^ 

ham^ and one of the " Herbertes of MontgomerL But the Ca- 
ftel longgith to the « Heretert. 

Blaiu LLeueni in fum auncient Writinges cauUid Eu^ri 
Caftel, and LLeueni Water caullid Eueri Brooke. 

The Honor of Blain LLeueni ftandr 
ing in a Valley ys in the Walfche Taler iii. Miles from Pfnkelthle^ 
garth^ wher is yet the Shape of a veri and v. from Brekenok^ ana 
fair Caftel now dekeiyngj and by was within a Mile of the Mere, 
a Borow Town now alio in Decay. 
Both longgid to the Erie of Marcbe, Though Blaine LiLeu^ 
em be in the Wal^ch Talegarthy yet the Tenauntes kep.e. the 
Englifch Tenor. 

LLangors Lordfhip in Talgarth is as a Membre to Blain 
LLeueny. 

Dinas Caftel ftondith a good Mile from Blan LLeueni 
apon a Topp of a notable Hflle. It is 

nowruinus.almofttothehardGround. The People about Dinat 
TherbemanifeftTokinsofiii.Wardes did burne Binas Caftel that 
wauUid abowt. And therby was fum- Oene Glindour Ihuld not kepe 
time iii. Parkes, and a Foreft. The it for his Fouteres. 
Parkes be down, but yet good Plenty 
is ther of redde Deere. The Tenantes of Dinas hold of the 
JValfch Tenor. It is fet by like of one <rf the Hflles caullid 
a Cathedrales. 

Part as fum fay of fi^LLinJeuaton is in th Wi^lfcb Talegart^ 
and Part in Brekenok Lordflup, the whiche be dcvidid by 
^LLinCeuaton. 

In the Walfch Talgar is no notable Town nor Caftel be- 
fides thes. 

LLeueny rifith in the Walfch Talegart hard by Blain 
LLeuemy. 

Ih the Englifch Talegart is no notable Building but a litle 
Prifon by Talegarth Chirch in the Town, and Mr. TFilliam 
Vehans Elquiers Place caullid PortbamaL i. e. Porta copia^ half 
a Mile from Talegarth Chirch in the Valley. The Howfe hath 
a fair Gate and a ftrong Waul embatelid. 

Tretour^ a fmaulle Village ftonding on a litle Brooke, and vii. Miles 
within half a Mile of Wiske. Ther is a prety Caftel lodgg-from Urtkg" 
ing now to the King, and therby alfo in the ViHage is a ftir«<; 
Place of Henry Vehau Efquier. 



« Herbertes B. /3 L. LUnfeuatam* 



Herebenes of. % Chathedralef . 3 Llin/evacan. 4 Lleveny St, . A 

\% Crege^ 



(fS LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

CragusHo'e/iftus a Mile from Cregehouel a preati Tounlet ftondith 
IVetoHr^ and iiii. Miles from as in a Valley apon IVisk^ but by hit is 
Ahergeveni. an Hille, and in the Valley hard by the 

Toune is a Cartel longging ons to the 
Taunsford^ but now to the King. 
Tretour and Creghouel ftand in Efirodeve Hundrede. 
The Hay x. Miles bi eft from Breknok. 



uGlinhoch a Lordfhip within a Mile of the Haj^ In it is 

no Market Toune nor Caftel ; but at LLantgd apperith a 
A Place Tour tanquam noxiorum cujiodta defutata, 
Ais%K^- ^*Broyntt2s Caftel in the midde way betwix the Hay and 
ith". Breknok. It ftandith in the Hundrede of Canterceh. 

Fol. 70. Buelth apon Wy'\%z. good Market Toun, and ther is a fair 
Caftel of the Kinges, This Lordefhip hath good Plenti of 
Woode. 

Lannedeu^ a Mile from Brekenok^ a Lordfliip of the Bisfliops 
of S. David^ wher was fumtime a y veri Place of theBisfliops, 
now no thing but an onfemeli Ruine. 

The Archidiacon of Brekenok hath a Houfe even there, and 
that is alfo fallen douen for the more part. Gtraldvs makit^ 
mention of this Houfe. 

Ther is a LLmne yn Lov> Eluel within a Mile of Taynes 
Caftel by the Chirch caullid LLanfeder. The LUnne is 

damn 

Q2M\\\ilBougkUiniie^ and is of no great Quantite, but is plen- 
tiful of Pike and Perche and Eles. 

Old 

• Hene Wy had a Courfe in Low Eluel not far from the 
Chirch of Glafehlry^ but now he hath fuarvid his Courfe a 

food But Shotte of. Wher of old time he ran^ is now a 
oole cawUid Henewy, wher in now be greate Luces and 
Tenchis. The Poole is of no greate Quantite. At CUmne 
in the low Medow ii a preati Poole wherin be good Lucef 
and Tenchis. 

Poole 
5 Loogb Tawe in Blake Montame^ wher fiim fay is the 

<» Glendama St. male. Jizmzfufra lin. omifH B. fi Broni- 
cles S. y Sic Aut & St. Very fayre Place B. I Bougdea- 
ma LLinne St. Loughdama LLime B. male uterque. t Old 
Hene Wv St. perperam. ? Loogh Poole Tawe St. ♦ For 
thefe Words Burton hath^ In this Place growcth Store of Hol- 
lies. 

Heddc 



i 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

Hedde of Tawe that cummith to Swanfey^ bredith no Filche, 
and if Fifch be caft into hit it dieth fhortely. 

Part of Melennith is welle wooddid. the other is but fcant, 
Ther is in Melennith Plenty in fum Places of Corn, and 
great Plenty of Grefs. In Melennith is a good breed of Horfe 
on a Montain caullid Herdoel. Ther be left al maner of 
Catail al Winter, and prove welle» 

Comothuder is a prety Tounlet, and ther about is Plenty 
of Wood. 

Honddye rifith at a Place caullid Blainbonddy^ a vii. Miles jb/^;*, « 

thorough roint. 
from Br^kenotj and in Brekenok Lordihip, and rennith in a 
Valley caullid Dyffirln Honddye. 

JVisk rifith in Blake Montein a x. 
Miles above Bretenoc toward Cairma" Sum fay that the Vets Erics 
dine^ and fo rennith thoroug the litle of Ox/^r/wer caullid Auhes^ 
Foreft and great Foreft of Brekenok^^nd 

fo cummith thorough Redbryun Bridge Redtreu^ i. e. vadnmfraSumm 
to Brekenok^ to Aierconureg a Maner 
Place of the Aahes^ to Fenkelthle^ to Creghoel^ to Atrege- 
veni^ to Uske^ Cairleon^ Nenfort. 

LLeuens rifith hard by BlamUeuem Caftel, and fo within a 
Mile thorough LLln Seuatkan by BroynUes Caftel, and fo by 
I Glafebiri into U^ztz Place caullid Atrelleueny* 

Brennik rifith m one of the Hilles caullid Mennith e gader^ 
and rennith thorough Englifch Talegarth and by BroynUes 
Caftel into LLeuent at A^er Brennik. 

Brenych rifith a iii. Miles from Brekenok at a Place caulHd 

Blain and cummith into IVtske at Akrebrenych a- 

gainft Mr. Auhereis Maner« 

Ttrtarith a great Broke rifith in the Banne HiBes a v. 
Miles from Brekenok^ and cummith intfxUske in Brekenok 
Suburbe by a Place caullid T^enewith. S. David Chirch in 
the Suburbe of Brekenok ftoode ons on this Brooke, andfpillid 
4iBuvione was reme vid to an other Place* 

# 

The Hilles caullid in Walfch Munnith e gader appere in Fof.;!. 
Talegarth about Dinas^ and fo to the Places about Nanthond-- 
^^ and with fum Part of thes Montaines meate the greate 
Hilles caullid Banne Brehemauc^ and renneth in Lensht to 
the Blake Montaine to my Eftimation apon an xviii. Miles. 

When I approchid nere the Hay^ and began to difcend FoUt^ 
from thens I faw on the hither Side oiWyz, good Mile from 



I Gttfeherl 

the 



70 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

fhi Kay the CaM' of Ofer^fo. Aftier pafTing over H^^vftt^ 
tbe which for lak of good Kno^leg yn me of^ the Fotil-de 
did fore troble my Hoife, I cam in crePitfculo to the Hay^ 
. The liay ftonditn hard apon J^, and yet fheuith'the To- 
ken' of a right flrong WauUe, having ih hit iii. Gates and 
i Pbfterne. Theris alfo a Cjrflel, the which fumtime hath 
bene right ftately. 

Wichirt the Toun6 is but one poore Pardche. In the Sub- 
urbe hard hsWy'\%% Paroche Cnirch meately fair. Thef is 
ilfo iil the Suburbe a Chapel wher on a^Sanday I hard M^&. 
N6i! far from the Paroche Chirch in the Suburbe is a great 
rbutide Hille of Yerth caft up by MennesKfondes other for 
a Wynd Mille to ftond apon, or rather fdr^ fiim Fortres of 
BataiUe. 

Th^'Toun of the Hay yet hath a Marker,* but the Toun 
Within the WauUes is wonderfully decaied. The Ruine is 
. » adfcribed to Oene Glindour. 

One fliewid me in the Town the Kuines of a Gentilman's 
Place cauUid Waulwlne^ be whofe meanes Prince UuMeVm 
was fodenli taken at B/?^/rACafteI, and ther beheddid, and 
his Hedde fent to the Kiuge. 

Bulejfe a pripty River rifing in the JVfondnnes about a iii. 
Myles from Hay curhmeth even thorough th<e Toun. and 
ftrait into Wi without the Eft: Gate of the Town. In Feldes? 
hird by in PloUghyng hath be founde » ofttitnes nmmffiMa 
'kmdnorum^ the Wich tlier cottimunely be caullid the 
Jewis Monyn 

The Tounne longgid to the Duke of Boklnghant. It per- 
teinith now to the Lord Staford his Sonne. Artures Htllfj 
and fumme other of the [Banklnes veri manifeftly apere to 
a Man loking out of the W[efl: Gate] of Hay. 

Gumming to the midde Way bytwixt the Hay attd Brekmt 

I left on the lift Honcfe the great Ruines of the Caftel of 

Broynttes in Canierceli^ aSd faw. oft the lifte Hond alfo a iiw^ 

Mifes from Broynlles on tihe Top^e of an HRlle the Rui&e» 

^ of Dinas Caftel. 

. And then to Brekehok^ wher nerc to thi^Toune I cam ftille 
dotine Hilles, feing HoMdye Riv^r, aiKi thfe Foote cntcritf 
into the Suburbe or Brekenok by Toft Heiie. 

Going from Brekenok toward LLinfeuathan ^ ii. Miles otit 

of Brekenok I faw the Caftel of m Tenkehhle^ leving it on the 



\ 



m Penigkelthle St. 



I adfciibid^ % offtimei. lilto 



L^EL.AN D'5 J T I N,E K AJl.Y. 7, 

lifte Honde. And at xht L^Lmnffuatha^ I.faw on the right 
Hondefcant a'Mile of B/>i/>&«ewCafteL - ' * 

Going (rom'br eknqk to £ngisjch'tafgarth Chirch, and fp 
to Mr. mUiam Vef>ans dwelling at l^orthamal\\titQ^ ifmbft 
at Talgarth Chirch, BrwnUes almoft a Mile on the -lifte 
Honde, and Dinas a ii. Miles on the right Hond. 

Gumming from Br^i^^»i* towardXll»»<iwe«fri within leffe 
then iii. Miles 1 ^nterid ^nto the great Toreli of Brekenbk^ 
wher Menne of late were not wont* fo pafle without tblleThc Foreft 
of Mony. and £d thorough that a>. in. to the litfe* Foreft, is in waifeh 
leving Wi^k alway on the right Hond, and about the tnde of <»«l'J<iM4#- 
the litle Foreftl faw a litlePile on^jitf ftfongli buildid as{'^' * ' f"- 
a Logge. The People fay. ther that it was buildid of a Ladi ^S*'^ 
the wich alfo biuldidTmucn of Brfknojk * Caftell, cauUid :^i/J 

yAlhere. This was (he that fum caul Matabrune^ of whom 

SAgA 

fo many Fables be told as of a * W iche. And 3 about a .Mile 
thens 1 cam to ,2r(?rii^e/ Tpune, fumtinje a large B6V6w 
and Market, now much in Kmne, whi^rby yet appeJith^tfie 
Ruines of a. Caftel. In the' Botom'pif this Toun rennith 
Lyggun^ a Brooke rifing a ii. Miles of in a Marifch on the 
Side of an Hille, and by Trecafiel rennith into Wiske. Ther 
is Buillding on the farther Side of this River hard joining fo 
Trecafiel^ and is cauUid the Bisjhpfs Jbun^ and it kepith taw- 
day at I,La»ldew] Lordfhip a lylile. from iBrekehok as Tre- 
€ajiel ^{Aotht zt Brekenok J] 
Then paffing upwarde the Hille a Mile and more I lefc on foL 7?. 

u 

the right Honde Munmth %de the Blake Montaine, and a ii. 
Myles thens alfo on the lift Hond apperid the Place ^her 
the JRiver of Wtske doth fpringe, as owt of a Fontaine or 
Welle cauUid B/asn^hke. 

The Ground from Trecafiel to LLamameueri is hilli, for 
the moft part baren of Wood, but toward the Valley wherin 
LLaTiameuert is fet meately plenteful f of Pafture and Come. 

And here marke that not xxx. Teres ago ther was nother 



m Aide Myle cum St. (^ B. iS L. feraventure. y Vfzfu- 
fra I'm. deefi in St. y[ Saga fufra lin. deefi in St. « Den. St. 
Z of Pajfure and Corne.^ .So I have prmted it, tho' 't-s of 
for and in the Orig. 



1 peravencure. % Caftci. 3 about Mile. 4 doich [at Breke nok.] 

Barley 



\ 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY* 

be diverfe Cowrfys thorowgh Sawth Wales at the laft cui 

irnto the Severn Se. Ther be yn the Shir diverfe othe 
itle Rivers, of whom G/r^i/iyx writeth at lengthy 2sHodem 
that giveth the old Name to Bteknoc^ that is to fay .Aberbi 
deuey^ and LLeuenev that cummeth owt of Afterel Hyllei 
the wich be cawUedi in IValfch Menetb e Cadair^ id eft mdntt 
mlti inftdr cathtJrarum^ and fo defcendeth ynto Brekm 
Mere, the which is a ii. Myles in Lengeth^ and a Myle 
more in Bredche. This Lake is cawlied m Waifche LU 
Seuathan, Here one thing is to be noted^ that after a gres 
Revne LLeuenej cummeth owt of the Montaynes with fuc 
a Kage that he « bringging the Color of the Dark redd 
Sand with hym, and ys fene by the Color wher he vie 
lently paffeth thorowgh the Mer< 
The Lake of Brecnok ons ThensI.I,fiyf»f)frennethintoll^abov 
frofen over, and than in a GAixi^/ a iii. M)[les from the Aiy, tb 
Thaue brelong maketh mer- whicn is in the right way betwixt He\ 
veins Noife fer totam vici- ford and Breknoc. Looke more dil 
uUm. gently for this Lake apon GtraldusBoo 

cawlied Itmerarsum Camiria. In the >:Lake be Umbers, y 
Waifche Cangans^ and great Store of Pykes, \Wherof man 
cum into Wy River. 
The Town of Breknoc is welle wauUed, and hath a fiai 
\ Caftel yoining tohit* The Duke of Bokinghamyi^ of hi 
\ Lord there. In the Town /8 be ..... Paroche Chirchet 
and withowt • • • There a late was a Celle of Blak Monkc 
' longing to Batayle Abbay. 
Fol. 61. - Brekenok waullid. iiii. Gates. OU Port fuferiorjjBLS.tiie E 
Gate by North.' Wefi Gate by the Blake Freer. They be i 
the Suburbe. Eft Gate^ Water Gate^ CamMce y Fortbm 
hichca^ i. e. fuferior^ the Old Gati 
Befide thes Gates is one Portiont^ Brtdgate^ alias Wejl Gati 
without in the Beginning of Portifa the lower gate, alias Eft Gatt 
a Suburbe i' caullid alio Por- Portaoure^ Water Gate^ alias Partwiski 
thene S. Maria. In the Towne is a mighti great CbttpA 

with a large Tour for Belles of hjard 

« Bringethe St. B. fi Ihefe two lacunae are not fttffiy 
either hy St. or B. y Porthene, the North Gate, Oul< 
Gate, B. I caullid alfo Porthene S. Marias.] I think tha 
after Porthene Ihould be a full point, and that S. Mori. 
fliould be put in a diftind line, to (hew that the mighti grei 
Chapel here fpokc of was dedicated to St. Mary. 

1 Lak^' 

Sto: 



LELAND'J ITINERARY. tfy 

Ston coftely fquared with the Expences of a thoufand Poundes. 

The Parodie was wher the Priori was, and was afore |- 7**»»" 
ther or the Priori was made, and yet is. It ftondith North ^°^" 
wirhowt the WauUe apon the Ripe of Honddye. 

M 

The z Paroche of LLanuays. LLan Chirch. Vais exf. acs, Dmndh. 
ft dicer es extra muros. ' It ftandeth betwixt the River of Usie 
and Tyrtarelle Brooke, that [is] about the lower Ende of the 
Tout; of J^rekenok. 

In the Eft Suburbe ys an Hofpitale with a Chapel. s. Cdurinei 

The Caftcl ftondith in the Suburbe and is devidid from 
the Toune by Hondemey River^ over 

the wich is a Hv Bridge of ii. » Arches Ther apperith Digging , 
to go into the Caftel, the wich is very wher Menne laborid to bring 
large,ftrong;,welle mainteynid. and the a Peace of Hondy about to in- 
Keepe of the Caftel i^ very large and fulate Brekenok with bit and 
faire. IVtske. 

In the Toune is Market twys a Weeke Wenfday and Satur^ 
day. 

There hath beene founde about the Toune in the Feeldes 
'Romaine Quenes. 

At the Ende of the lower Part of the Caftel cummith Hond" 
dey into Uske as foone as Wske is Kone paflid thorough the 
great Bridge. 

Uske Bridge at Brekenoc was throuen doun by the [Rage] 
of Wske Water anno a(J. Henrici 8. die .5. Hugonis. It 
was not by Rain but by Snow meltid that cam out of the 
Montaines. The Water ^ 3 ranne forward about the Toppe 
of the [Hy Bridge, and the Circle Mark apperithe almoftj to 
the Midde Waul of the Blake Freres ♦[Cloiftre.] 

To the Lordfliip of Brekenoc longgith* but only the Market 
of Brekenok. 

In al the Lordfliip of Brekenoc was not in time of memori 
but the Priori of Blake Monkes in Brekenok a Celle to 
Bataile- 

BarTfardus de novo mercatu was Founder of hit. 

LUn 

yNanthenddye a Priori of Blake Chanons ftondith in thesuppref&d. 

tTier caullid HtnMye Slade 

Vale of Ewsas xiiii. Miles from s Brekenok. But it is a nother 

m Ones St. Deefi B. 3 Ranne above the X^ppe B. 
y LLanthonddye St. LLan Nanthondy B. 

1 Paroch. « Arcbif. 3 ranoe a yard abovt 5r. 4[Clo]iftre. j* Breknok. But 
Vol. f. I Honddye 



66 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Honddye then that that cummhh to Brekenok. This Priori 
was fair^ and ftodde betwixt ii. great Hiiles 

For tne Parte « about Himddye Sldde fi it put be » likely- 
hodde Hochuyflade. 

almoft V. EngUfch 

Artures HiUe is iii. good IValfche MUes South Weft from 
Brekenoi^ and in the veri Toppe of the Hille is afaire 
Wellefpring. This Hille Of fumme is countid the hieft Hille 
of TValeSy and in a veri cleere day a Manne may fe from hit 
xVzTt of Malvern HUles^ znd Glocejire^ andfiri/w, and Part 
of Devenjhir and Camwale. Ther) y other diverfe Hilles by 
Artures Hille, the wich, with hit, be communely caullid 
Bmne BrfhentauCu 

LLtn Seuatham is a iiii. Myles by South South Eft from 
Brekenok. It is in Bredth a Mile, and a ii. Miles of Lenght. 
and wher as it is depeft a xiii. Fadom. On the one fide wei 
nere the Ripe is a ICinde of Weedes that goith alonge the 
LLtn^ wherin the Spaune hath Socur, and alfo the greate 
Fiiche, At great Windes the Water doth furjge ther mer- 
veiufly. LLeueny aimmith thorough this Lake, no great 
River, and after great Raine is parfightly fecne of redde Co- 
lor in the middelt of the Lake. After that it is frofen and 
with Thaue beginnith to breeke it makith fuch a Noife that 
a Man wold thinke hit a Thunder. It berith as the princi- 
pale Fifeh a great Numbre of Bremes, and they ^appere in 
May m mightti ScuUes. fo that fumtime they breke large 
Nettes : and ons frayed appereth [not in the ^ Bryme of 
Fol. ^o. the Watar] that Yer.e againe. It bereth alfo good Pikes, 
and Perches in greate Numbre. Trowtes alfo, and Cheuyns 
by cumming in of LLeueny. 

Menne fifche there • unwgneis^ and they be very narow. 

The Hedde of the Lake wher LLeueny River cummith in 

Uiehdel e 

is at 5 Lanuihengle Kythedine. 
r^/tf pro- '^^^ Ende is at LLanuihengle Tale LLtn. 
prie/#L. Tenkelthle Caftel ii. Mile from Brekenok. Ther on the 
farther Side of Uske, But ther is onely a faire Medow by- 
twixt Ujt*^ and hit. Sum fay that it longgid to the^ Mortimer.. 
Syns the Lordfiiip was dividid betwixt the Duke of vB^^^- 



« Above St. fi Is B. y Be divers other B. I Brimme 
B* • F. uncis ligneis. Z LLanuifchael Kethedine St. 



I liktlydiodde. » >^F«Tre. 3 Ttle prop? i^ firpof • 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 6^ 

ham^ and one of the « Herierfes of Montgomeri. But the Ca- 
ftel longgith to the u Hereierf. 

Blai» LLeueni in fum aUncient Writinges cauUid Eurri 
Caftel, and LLeueni Water caullid Eueri Brooke, 

The Honor of BAii» Iil>»«w ftandr 
ing in a Valley ys in the Walfche Tahr iii. Miles from Ffnkelthle^ 
garth^ wher is yet the Shape of a veri and v. from Brekenok^ ana 
fair Caftel now dekeiyngj and by was within a Mile of the Mere, 
a Borow Town now alio in Decay. 
Both longgid to the Erie of Marche. Though Blaine LLeu^ 
eni be in the Walfih Talegarthy yet the Tenauntes kep.e. the 
Engiifch Tenor. 

LLangors Lordfhip in Talgarth is as a Membre to Blain 
LLeueny. 

Dtnas Caftel ftondith a good Mi^e from Blan LLeueni 
apon a Topp of a notable Hule. It is 

nowruinus.almofttothehardGround. The People about Dtnas 
TherbemanifeftTokinsofiii.Wardes did bume Dinas Caftel that 
wauUid abowt. And therby was film- Oene GHndour fliuld not kepe 
time iii. Parkes, and a Foreft. The it for his Fouteres. 
Parkes be down, but yet good Plenty 
is ther of redde Deere. The Tenantes of Dinas hold of the 
Walfch Tenor. It is fet by like of one of the Hilles caullid 
a Cathedrales. 

Part as fum fay of fi'iLLinfiuaton is in th Walfch Talegart^ 
and Part in Brekenok Lordflup, the whiche be devidid by 
^LLinfeuaton. 

la the Walfch Talgar is no notable Town nor Caftel be- 
fides thes. 

LLeueny rifith in the Walfch Talegart hard by Blain 
LLeutnty* 

Ih the Engiifch Talegart is no notable Building but a litle 
Prifon by Talegarth Chirch in the Town, and Mr. William 
Vehans Efquiers Place caullid TorthamaL i. e. Forta cofia^ half 
a Mile from Talegarth Chirch in the Valley. The Howfe hath 
a fair Gate and a ftrong Waul embatelid. 

Tretour^ a fmaulle Village ftonding on a litle Brooke, andyii. Miles 
within half a Mile of Wiske. Ther is a prety Caftel lotigg- from Brths- 
ing now to the King, and therby alfo in the Village is a fair »•<: 
Place of Henry Vehan Efquier. 



« Herbertes B. /3 L. LLinfeuatam. 



1 Hcreb^rtesof. % Chaihedralci. 3 ilin/evatan. 4. Lleveny St, ,K 

\ % Crege* 



7^ LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

In the Middes of the Town is a faire Paroche Chirch, 

The Toun it felfe lakkith frefch Water, wherfore utuH' 
fur imfortata. 

From linhigh I went to the Cole Pittes on a Hille Topp 

ii. Miles of^not far from the Severne Shore. And a good 

Mile beyondthem I roode thorough a Wood not veri greate, 

' butyet the faireft that I remembre that I faw in Tenbrokjhire. 

Thens I enterid again into Whitland Way. 

The nereft TVaje^us into » Ca/Jey is almoft in the midde 
Way bytwixt Mainorfirrhe and TmBighe at a Poynlct, and 
ther it is-litle above a Mile. 

Beinge againft Mamorfhrhe I faw Lvndey lying far of 
in the Severn Se. 

Gumming from Catrmardlne toward LLandewtheul ^ a 
Mile owt of Cairmardiney I paffid over Guily River, ana fo 
folouid the Curfe of hit, having yt in fighte by the Riding of 
iiii. or v. Miles, marking divers litle Brokes going into hit 
as into the Botom of the Valley. 

Then riding fer aliquot miliarta I began to fe Tyue River, 
and kept it ftil in fight, riding ftille by Stony Hilles and 
Valleys, and pafEng thoroughc a Wood of Okes caullid 

and after by a prety JLluin on the right Hond 

cawllid Gogurne^ and fo leving alfo hard on the right Hond 

Tencragan^ aRokke fo cauUicfbycawfe it is a roundecoppid 

Hil of Stonis, cam a litle of into a vile Cotage ftanding in 

a Vale by Ttue to bayte. 

Landewi, as fum fay, , Th^ns I rode toLLandewybreui v. Miles^of, 

cauUid Bre«/, bycaufJ betwixt the which Places I faw a prety LUn 

it ftondith on Breuy ^^t far from Tjut fide caullid LLmfeder fum^ 

Brooke ^ bigger tnen LLmgogum ; but I faw out 

of neither of them any notable Iffue of Water, 

I faw alfo a Bridge or ii. over Ttue, 

Landewi brebui is but a fimple or poore » Village. I paffid 
over a litle Broke to entre into hit. It is fet among Mon- 
taines on « every but by Weft, wher is the Valley or 3 Hue. 
Tfue River is about hair a Mile of. The Collegiate Chirch 
of Predendaries ftandith fumwhat apon a hy Ground, but it is 
rude. Thens to 2>f^/jro»ii. Miles, wher is a Chirch ftandin 
apon a round Coppe of caft Yerth. 



a .Adde Side, 



I Caldey i| t. liUmis ^u io ^ Margin. % Village in Qardiganil^ire ^t^ 
^ Tyve. 

By 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 77 

By rennith a Broke caullid • . . . 

So pafling under a hy Hille fide, I faw hard by on the lift 
Honcie a great Fenny More, owt of the wich the Inhabi- 
tantes therabout digge Turfes for Fier^ and by the fame 
Fenne is a fair LLin cawllid LLmridJe ii. Miles from LLioffUht 
Strate/^ur, 

Strateflure is fet round about with 
Montanes not far diftant, except on u Stratfler of fiim caullid 

the Weft Parte, wher Diffrm Tjue is. bycaufe bytwixt 

Many Hilles therabout hath bene well it and Flere Brokes. of fum 

woddid, as evidently by old Rotes ap- it ftode in the 

perith, but » [now in them is almoft no **# 

Woode.l 

The Caufles 2 be thefe ; Firft the Wood cut doun was never FoL ys. 
copifid, and this hath beene a great Caufe of Deftrudiion of 
Wood thorough Wales, Secondly after cutting doun of 
Wooddys the Gottys hath fo bytten the young Spring that 
it never grew but lyke Shrubbes. Thirddely Men for the 
nonys deftroied the great Woddis that thei fhuld not har- 
borow Theves. 

The Chirch of Strateflere is larg, fide 
ilid and crofTe ilid. By is a large Cloy- The Fundation of the So- 
fter, the Fratry and Infirmiton be now dy of the 3 Chirch was made 
mere Ruines. The Coemiteri wherin to have benedo. Footelengg- 
the Cunteri about doth buri is veri er then it is now. 
large,andmeanelywaullidwithStoone. 
In it be xxxix. great Hue trees. The bafe Court or Camp 
afore the Abbay is veri fair and large. 

Thens I went a good half Mile by T^ue Vale, and a Mile 
and a half up the craggi and ftoni Montaines to ^LLin Tsue^ 

paffingover cUrduj 
and ii. Miles beyound ^shit to CregnauUn. If I had goone 
from thens a Mile of to a hy Hille I might have fene Penlin^ 
mon^ then diftant a v. Miles. The Hilles bytwyxt sLUnne^ 
Tyue and Cragnaugttln were not in fight fo ftony as the Hilles 
^ bytwixt Stratfler and LLin Tyue. 

I Handing on Creggenaugliin faw in no Place within fight 
no Wood but al Hilly PaftUres. 



« Thefe broken Words in the Marg, are wantmg in St. ^ B. 
/8 Voces fufra lin. defunt in St. & B. 



I [now in them is} almofte no Wood, i be thes. 3 Glirich. 4 Llia 
:j^ue. s Uim'^ Tyne sm CragmugUin. ^ t>y(wix. 

From 



7« LELAND^S ITINERARY. 

^^^ From Strateflere I roode by rank^ hylli and vaUcy Paftures 

lO^i it. Walfcbe Miles, and fo paffing over MaJnumt a wild 
Brooke renning on Rokkes and a nother whos Name I re- 
membrenot, cam to the thirde caullid Ntf^^Zb^;, aiKltherbji 
on the ri^ht Hond I faw an Hille caullid Cp^ J^km^ and fo 
over Melemen River that therby in fight went ynto IJJ* 
with River. 

Or I cam to Melewen I bad riden i be the Space of a iii. 
Miles in Comenftwitt. 

From Melewn I enterid to the Valley of UfiwM^ £b na- 
rowly with Rokkv Montames enclofid, that in Wynter the 

1^ Streame occupietn al the Botom of the Valley.. 

rO^ Firfl entermg this Botom I faw on the nght Hood an 
Hille caullid ^MenHheny. 

Toward CregnauBffm. 

»tdk curt '^^ ^^^ River be fide Tyue that I pafBd over was Clardue^ 

^ ^^'* that is to fay Blak Clare^ no great Streame but camming 

thoroug Cragges. In the farther Side of hit I faw ii. ven 

poore Cotagis for Somer Dayres for Catel. and hard by were 

li. Hillettes, thorough the wich Clarduj paffith^ wher they 

fable that a Gigant itriding was wont to wafch nis Hondes, 

and that Arture killid hym. The Dwellers fay alfo that the 

Gigant was buried therby, and fhew the Place. 

abi^r aait. Clarduy rifith about half a Mile from that Place in a « Mares, 

and rennyng ii. Walfch Milys in al goith into Clarwen. Clat^ 

•wen rifith in a Valley not far from LLsnynigm Velen^ that is 

a good Mile from CargnauUlnn. After that Clarvm nath re- 

ceivid Clarduy he rennith a iii. Miles or he cum into Ale» 

River far bigger River then other of /3 ther of the Clars. 

Alen River rifith in the blain or upper Part of Comeujl- 
v>lth in Calrdiganjhire^ and renning iiii. Walfch Miles cum- 
mith into Owy, caullid in EngUfch JVy^ a litle beneth Jtather 
gowy a Market Toun yn Comemytother. It is caullid Rather 
Owy bycaufe it ftondith on Wy River. But or ever I cam to 
Clarduy^ that is about a iii. Mile from Tjlradflery I paiEd per 
Monies fneruftos^ ferpaludes & invla Saxa^ and cam to X.Xj» 
Tyue^ the wich is in Cumpace a iii. Quaners of a Mile, be^ 
ing ii. Miles be Eafl from Stratefiere. 
It is fedde fro hyer Places with a litle Brbket, and iflSieth 



« Mariflie St, /3 Them/(?r ther in St. Of ther are want^ 
ing in Burton. 



\ 



X bi the. % K^lclidtty St. 

out 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 79 

out againe by a fmaulle Gut. Ther is in it veri good Trouttcs 
and Elys, and noe other Fifch. 

From Clarduy to CrsignauUinn is a good Mik by Eft. and 
{landing by a Stone on the Top of this Hille I faw v. Poolis 
by ' South Weft, wherof the biggeft is ^£«£«rmH>%9M,« Sort- 
er Lignante^ having no other Filch but Trouttcs and Elys* 
One Side of the 3 Poole, that is the South Side, hath Trouttes pp^ ni 
as redde as Salmon. The Weft Side hath white, likewife as 
hath LLin Tyue. This Pole is feene to be fedde with no 
Brooke, and hath a Brooke ifluing out of hym of his oune 
Name, and cummith infto Jjfue in the Weft Side of Tyue half 
a Mile above Stnu^kr. 

LLmnher^ i. /^fi^us lacus^ for it is iii. Quarters of a Mile 
in lenght, Having no great Bredthe nor Uliie of Brok owt of 
hit, but plentifulof Trouttes and Ely«. 

LLinn Gorlan hath no Ifiiie, but berith Elys and Trouttes. 

JLLmgronn hath an Mie, and femid to me hard yoinid 
to LT^in Gorlan. 

JLJLin Tyue the fifte apperid alfo from Crsgnaulw^ but di« 
ftant a Mile from the otner iiii. 

Nere about the Cragftau/ht Stone apperid other iii. PoUis. 

LU» Veryddon Vaur havyng Trouttes and Elis but no 
Broke cumming into hit or going owt. 

^ LLinn Veryddon Vehan having Trouttes and Elys, but no 
Brok cumming into hit or going owt. 

^sDinduu i- «• l^^us niger^ even under the Botom of the 
Hille Side having Trouttes and Elys but no Broke cununing 
into hit or going oute. 
« 

LUnynigm Velm that is a Mile from the Stone by South 
Weft. Tmgin is to fay a quaking More. Velen is yclow of 
the Color of the Mofie and corrupt Grefle about hit. 

Of al thes Pooles none ftondith in fo rcJcky and ftony 
Soile as Tyue doth, that hath alio withyn hym many Stonis. 

The Ground al about Tf^^-^ and a gr^at Mile of toward 
Spratfler is horrible with the ughte of bare Stones, as Creg-^ 
eryri Montaines be. 

LLinne 

^LLiwnttanabeder within half a Mile of LLanbeder having Lacus re- 
Trouttes and Elys. "*»"»• 

u Short. St. &B. fi Dinduy^ L. Ltnduy. 

I Sooth Wefie, % Llinn Helignaot St. 3 Pooles, 4 Lino, s Linduy.. 
i Lianllenabcder. ' ^ ^ . 

iLLnm^ 



to LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

t LLhfnjrydJe hiving Trouttes and Elys [ftandinge by t 
great ^ Few Hon themiawos, it wy] 



Fol. 79. 



k 



Thes iiil. Poles be in the Lordihip of Permartb loiigg^g 
CO the principal of the Hoghams. The chefe Toun otchis 

eh 

Lordfhip bein^ in Cahrdtganjhire is Tregaron, But the Ab- 
bate of Stratenere hath much Landes in the fame Lordihip^ 
and thes iii. Pooles longe to the Abbat of Stratflerf. 

lAJn Tridde ii. Miles from StratefUre owt of whom goith 
a litle Illue or Broket. I writ of this afore. 

LLinjcregnajft a big^e Poole veri ful of Trouttes and Elys* 
It is from Strateflur a lii. by Weft toward LJjaumdeuerf. 

lAxinne duy^ i. lacus niger^ very deape and (ill of Trouttes 
and Elys. It it iii. Miles by South from Strateflur toward 
Builtb Lordfliippe. 

^LLinnygorres ^not u.MUcsfiom LUnduy. GorffemWalfcbe^ 
a Myer in Englifch. It hath Trouttes and Elys, 

Al thes that be byfore fave LLsnn LLanateder^ and al thes 
that folow long to the Abbat of Strateflere. 

LUnngynm apon a hy Montaine iiii. Miles from Strate^ 
flure by South weft, having Trouttes and Elys, and a litle 
Ifiiie owt of hit, and goith into the Broket that cummith owt 
of LLin Heiignant* 
th 

LLinn Creg Uoydon v. Myles or vi. from Stratfler toward 
Toy/land. It hath an IfTue that goith into Elan or jilam Wa- 
ter, that goith into Wy. 

LUn Winge is almoft yoinid to LUnncregUoydony but it 
hath no Iffue. 

The River of AJan in the next Part of hit is viii. Miles 
from Strateflere^ and ther parteth Cairdiganjbire from die 
Lordfhip of Rather or Comemytother. Rather is the chefe 
Toun yn Comytother. 

Al the Montaine Ground bytwixt jOlen and Stra$efitr» 
Jonggeth to Stratefleere^ and is almofte for wilde Paftures and 



m I have fut Points under thefe Words ^ which I took from 
Stowe, hecaufe they are corrupted. In B. they are read thus : 
in the midde way betwixt 



th 
T Linoyrydde — fianding by a gveat Fen ys • # • • • %Uirix« a WennSim 
S Lion/gorres. Bre« 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. Si 

Breding Grounde, in fo much that cveri Man there about 
puttith I in Beftes as many as they wylle without paiyng of 
Mony. 

From Stratefler toward Lanandeueri is xviii. Miles, of the 
wich xii. Miles of Montain Grounde partely Pafture Soyle 
partely «longgith to Strateflere^ and ther about partith CairJi- 
ganjhtre from Cairmardinejhire^ For therby hath Stratefler 
2L Graunge caullid iJantbay in Caitmardlneflme. 

Strateflur is X3C* Wdlfch Miles from Mahendif^ and al the 
Soile bytwyxt is Montanius fill of Pafture for a xvi. Miles, 
but within a iiii. Myles of ^Mahen Wooddy. 

From Stratefler to LLangyrtc {fanum Cyriacl) xii. MilesJ 
luLangjrik is in Amjielej Lordlhip in Fotfiand. Wy renning 
therby deVidith Cairdiganfhire from Towifiande. Of thele 
xii. Miles viii. be Montainous Ground longging to Stratefler^ 
al for Pafture. 

Betwixt Stratefler and fiBuelth Toun xvi. of thes be vi.' 
in Catrdtganjhlfej. the wich y the wiche" Towe River devidith 
from Calrdiganjbife. Al this vi. Miles is montayne Ground 
for Pafture, and longgith to Strat^ure Abbay. but the Pa- 
ftures of thes Hilles oe fit to the Inhabitantes, as well as al 
other montaine Pafture longging to Sttateflere. 

The Paftures of the Montaynes of Cairdiganfhire be fo 
great that the hunderith part of hit tottith on the Ground, 
and maketh Sogges and Quikke More by long Continuaunce 
for lak of Eting of hit. 

Afore the new Aiie LLanduetreui was a feparate Lord- 
lhip, limes on the one fide to CairmardiTt/htre^ on the other 
fide to CaifdiganJIjire. 

From 3 Strateflur to Cairdigan xxx. but caullid xxviii. 

Tiue devidith toward the Mouth Tentrokfhir from Cahrdi-- 
ganfljire. 

From Cairdigan to Aheruflvith a 4 Market Toun ons waullid 
J' xxx. 

From Aberuttvith to Aberdeuy vi. Miles. Deuy devidith 
Cairdizanfhire from Merionithfloire in North Wales. 

Mahenclif in Toifland vi. Miles from j4herdeuu 

JLLandewihevi xxiiii. Miles from Cairdigan. Fol. jf^ 



« Sic. fi Bueltb Lordfliip and Toune 164 Miles. Of 
thefe (J. be in Cairdiganflsire^ ^c. y Redundant, i Add^ 
Miles cum St. ^ B. ^ flc fauUo fvferius. 



yol. 5, " . _ L ' .Thi 



it LELAND'S ITINEJRr^RY. 

The Abbat of WhHelani toIS me a meri Tde of otitf 
chat purchafid a Licens hf a Color of ii. Rivers about Fowift 
land^ of the wich (as I remember) foundid that in WalfA^ 
that is in Englifch, a Hogge of ii^ Teres ^ and the other « 
Hogge of iii. Teres. r 

Ther hath beene in Times pafte a greate Mine Digging 
for Leade in Comeujhoith a vi. Myles trotn Strateflur^ wher 
is a Graunge longgmg to StrAtMure. But < fimi Menne fiip« 
pofe that it fcfid, bycawfethe Wood is fore waftith. 
- A Monke of Strateftur told me that for a certenty Newport 
in Kemmijland is caullid Tredratth in Walfcb. 

Ther IS a Chirch caullid LLanfmpride v\u MVLcs from 
Jtherufiwitb upper to Catrdigan on the Se Side, and ther 
hath bene great Building. But wither thisitms the Abbay of 
LLdnfride of the wich mention is made in the Booke do 
Dotattone Ecclejue S.Davidis, or no, I can not telle. 

Ther is a nothct LLanfanfrid in Comytotber^ and peraven* 
ture this is that TJuanfanfrtde Nunneri made in a newer 
World, of the which G/r*/</jKr/pekith. 

Ther hath bene great Building at LLMnrufift^ a Mile lower 
on the Se Banke then 'LLanfanfnde in Coirdiganjbire^ and 
fum fuppofe that ther hath bene a Nunnery. 

VJhpith rifith owt of a « Mares Grounde caullid BiWiir^ 
VftpHh iii. Miles from (^LLangihike on Wy. It is in Come* 
ujh^Hh^ and fo rennith good vi. Miles thorough Comeufi^ 
withy and a vi. or vii, mo Miles to Aheufiwitb. 
fc^ lyue rennith from the Hedde ftil almoft playne Weft on- 
tille he touchith within a vi. Miles of Catrms&iRm^ znd then 
turneth toward the Northe* 

Tbwe rifith a iiii. Mvles by South from LUnntyue in a 

Morifch Ground^ and hath no Llain at his Hedd, and by 

Efldmation rennith a xxii. Miles or he cum to LLamam* 

deuery. He firft rennith fumwhat by South^ and then a greate 

way a by Weft, and at the laft turneth agame toward SdUth. 

Fol. So. So about the Midle of this Wpwith Botom that I ridde 

|0* yn, being as I geffe a iiii. Miles yn lenght, I faw on the right 

, Hond on a Hflle fide Clotbrnoyne^ wner hath bene great 

Digging for Leade, the melting wherof hath deftroio the 

Wooddes that fumtime grew plentifuUi therabout. I hard 

a mervelus Tale of a Crow fedd by a Digger there, that 

tooke away his yfedd Purflfe, and wille the Digger folowid 



m MzxiOi B.^LL^nglrlk'R. y Feeder'/ b; 

% biwcft, |he 



LELAND'S ITINERARY; « 

paflid over Koker River ons or twis again not without fum 
F'eere of Quikkefandes. At the Ende of the Sandes I faw 
divers Salt Cootes, wher were divers Hepes of Sandis taken 
of Salt Strondys, owt of the wich by often wcting with Wa- 
ter they pike owt the Saltnes, and fo the Water is derivid 
into a Fit, and after fodde. 

Thens to Cokerfand an Abbay of tifiertsenfes about half 
Z Mile of, ftanding veri blekely and objeft to al Wynddes. 

One WilKam of Lancaftre was Founder of that Houfe a^ 
bout ICing Henri the », Tyme. 

From Kokerfani Abbay I roode over the Sandes, marking 
the Salt Cotes, and a Mile of over Condor Riveret * [trillinge 
by the Sands to] theSe. 

So to a meane Place cz'wllid jtfchet$M of the Kinges Lande, FoI. 8^ 
wher Mr, Lejbume Knight uiith to lye, and from thens a ii« 
or iii. Miles to Lancafire. 

Lancafire Oiftel on % HUle ftrongly 
buildid and wel repaired. The new Ruines of an old Place (as 
Toune (as thei ther fay) buildid hard I remembre of the Catfelds) 
by yn the Defcent from the Caftel,hav» by the Caftel Hille. 
ing one Paroch Chirch wher fumtime 
the Priori of Monkes Alienis was put doune by King Bemrf 
the V, and given to Sjon Abbay. 

The old Waul of the Circmte of the 
Priorvcummith almoft to I,«»e Bridge. If I had kept the hy Share 
Sum nave therby fuppofid that it was Way from 'Lancafire to C«w- 
a Peace of a Waul of the Toune. But treland I (hould have » gone 
yn deade I efpiyd in no Place that by Cartemaiie Sand, wher a 
the Toune was ever wauUid. frefch Water doth cum, a vii^ 

The old Toune (as they fay ther) 3 Myles ; to Conyhed Sande, 
wasalmoftalbumidandftoodepartely whither a River refortith, a 
beyounde the Blak Freres. viii. Miles j to Dudden Sandes, 

In thos Partes in the Feeldes and witheraRiver refortith, a iiii. 
Fundations hath ben found much JR^« Miles. Am/x Abbay up in the 
^^2Sf ^y^^* Montaines a iiii. Miles of. 

The Soile about Lancafire is veri 
fair, plentiful of Wood, Failure, Me* 
dow and Corne. 

I rode over Ijine toward W^irton a Cartemasie znd ContJbed'Pn^ 
vi. Miles of, wher Mr, Khfon was borne, ories of Blajce Chanons. 
A ii. Mile from Lancaftre the Cunteri 
began to b^ ftony, and a litle to wax ^^ontanlus, 

Half a Mile from War$0n I paffi^ over f^eri River, cum- 



f ff iU4l>y[« ^ ibiQf^ [di ^2 ocho Se. % pi^ Cir(en;i|ilc §and. 3 Miles. 

niing 

M 



«4 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

ftel Gongh is a preati LLm Duddeleys. Now both long to the 

or F09U wherot the Toun Lord Towys* 

takich Name. From the Walfcke TaoU to j^hert^ 

hri a vii. Miles, Hilly. The Soile is Wooddy, the Valley 
Corneful. By the Hillis I pafGd over iii. or iiii, preaty 
Brookis, whos Names I know not. 

And wille I paffid this way within a iii. Miles of Walfch 
'Boh I faw a veri notable Hille beyound the Valley on the 
lift bond having iii. Toppes as iii. tieddes rifing owt of one 
Body, Thes Toppes I hrft efpied afronte about Neuton a 
Xiiii, Miles of, and after Shreusbhy znalVhlte Cbtrch paffid, a 
xvi. Miles of 1 faw them againe i /^f^d. 

By this Hille I roode by the lenght of a iii. Miles, one of 
•Toppes wherof being hyeft is caulid Molegolua^ tne widi 

Not far from thes Hilles 'LT""^ ^JS'L^l^'^?."?™ 
enterith Shrofjhir. So ther be oi Tawijlandthzt way. The ifecunde is 

^L^^lS^\li:^i^rf'' ^^'''^" caullid Bfithin, being in CaurfeUnd. 

but comrjiunely thei be cauUid Bretkin HiUes» 

By Alberbyri Chirch in Shropjhir appere the Ruines of 
Fulke Guarine^ the Noble Warriars Caftel, and leffe then a 

Mile of was album Monafimum^ fi where is buried 

fuppreffid for Ckickeles College in Oxforde. 

Bytuixt Albertbirl and Skreusbirl a vi. Miles of Ground 
plentiful of Come, Wood and Pafture. 

From Skreusbirl to Hagkmon Abbay of Blak Chanons ii. 
Miles. Within iii. Quarters of a Mile leving Severn on the 
right bond I enterid into a Woodde, and fbne after over a 
Broke that iflueth thoroug Fenlefinere^ and fone after goith 
\nto Severn. 
Fd, 81. Thens ridyng partely thorough Morifch Grounde and Pa- 
fture I cam to Morton Corbet Village, wher I faw a fair Ca- 
ftel of Mx.Corbettes^ and a ii. Miles beyond that I paffid over 
Roden Riveret, rifing not far above Went Village, a Mile 
from that Place, 
yiuSanford hath a Place And fo a v. Miles to Frice a title 
%t^ a fair Poole by yt in a T^horoug-faretivii. Milesof,theWay 
Wood fide, a Mile and a half being fumwhatplaine,hethy,and parte- 
frpm Fryce^ ly fruteful of Corne, So to Whttcbir^h 



\ 



|i The Topps St. B. fi Where he is buried, fupprefled for ^f , ^. 

by 



■ ' I »■ m il .1- ■ ".i ' . g . ' ' \v • 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. . 8y 

by meately fruteful, fandy Ground a iii. Mylis. At the hi- 
ther Ende of Whitchhch is a veri faire poole, having Brcmes, 
Pikes, Tenches, Perches and Daces, tne wich excejjt Brcmes ^J 
be the commune Fifches of al the Pooles of Skrojjbire^ ^Che^ 
fier and Lancafirejhirei in fum be alfo Trouttes. 

The Tounne of m>itchtrch in Shropjbire hath a veri good 
Market. And there in the Paroche Chirch is buried Syr G//- 
ifert TalboU 

From Whitchhch a Mile and a half of I cam by the Pale 
of the large Parke of Blakmer longging to the Erie of Shreus^ 
btrL wherin is a very fair Place or Loge. The Park hath 
both redde Dere and falow. In the Park (as I hard fay) be 
iii. faire Poles, of the wich I faw by the Pale the largeft 
caullid Blakein^ wherof the Parke is namid. 

It is to be fuppofid tWt thes Pooles for the mcft part in ^^ 
I Morifch Groundes^and lying fumwhat in low Groundes 
dreane the moift PtaCes about them, and fo having no Place 
to iffiie owt ftagne there. 

Sum be likelyhod have begon of Marie Pittes. For the 
Sandy Grounde of fum Partes of Shrofjhire^ and efpecially 
of Chejirejhire and LaneaRreJhirej wille not here Corne plen- 
tifully but it be [merlya.] 

Sum Pooles peraventure hath g[atheryd] '. . . . and 
Water, wher jgreate plenty [of Turves] 

and Petes hath bene diggid. Within half aMile of B/ak- 

From B/akemere to Byk/em in zFofTe mere Park I cam by MerS^ 
iii. Miles of Sand hard by Ci&tf/w<7o'. firft Parqche, wher the Chirch is 
Ifawthegreatnumbreof[FirreTrees,] fet in a Botom betwixt too 
the wiche the Inhabitantes therbv goodly Meres or Pooles. 
communely digge up for Fier Wood, 
but ther did I j& no Fyrre Trees grouin^ Oftentimes in 
diggin in this Moffeor More for Petes or Turves they finde 
the hole Trees of the firft, fum Ihbrt and fum veri long, 
without Twike or Bow, lying fumtime not a Foote, fumtime 
iii. or iiii. Foote depe in tne Ground, but how or when 
thes Trees cam doune other be Cutting or Wind Faulle no 
Manne » ther can telle. The Wood of them in Burning fa- 
vorith of Refiqe. 

Hard on the riffht bond paiEng by this Mofle almoft to 
Miles in lenght I uw a greate Wood of Mr. Cholmeleys^ and. 



m Chefliire B. 



I Morelch. i there eta. 



94 LELAKiyS itlNERART. 

fniag out of Hilles not far of, tnd dier ebbing and flouiog, 
tad about LMWifsmdes goinf into the Salt Water. |; 

HCfitMi if a preati Screat ror a Village. 

The Ground befouod ifsrUm andabont is vcri Hilly and 
' mirvelus R0U7 onto B/ttdm a t. Miles of. In the Rokkcs 
I faw Herdes of Gotes. 

By Bhlum is a greate Parke and a eoodljr Place yn hitof 
the Erie of Darlj. By Bpham rennith Bpb Water a preatj 
River, and by » likelihood hit refortith toward Kjomei. 

Thens I raode over a great Bek cauUid Stmaatm Bdcke, 
and To ridding a ii. Miles fisirther cam to a Soile lefle ftony 
and more fruteftil of Come, as fum Whete, much Ootcs 
and Barle, or Bigge, and fo to Kenidle riding over Ktm Ri- 
ver. Ther be about Kendale divers fair Wooddes, as Matter 
Farris Parke, and many other. Kendale is countid as Baronry, 
whcrof Mr. • Par is PoflTeflbr. 

Folia 86, 87, 88^9, 90. vacant. 
PbL ft. From Byland to Newtorojp a Thorou^ifare, wher is a Pri- 
pri of Chanons, a Mile much by Woodde. 

3 From New Gisharaw to Crage Caftcl, fet on a Hil, a ii. 
Miles* Sum fay that Crage was given to CutUert lyving. 

To^/^^aiii. Miles. 

To Torke a vi. Miles, iiii. of them lying totally as a great 
plaine Commune, that fervith both for Feeding of Belles 
lind for Turves. 

From Tork toward by the lenght of a iii. Mile mervelus 
good Corne Grounde,but no Plenty of Wood yn neere fi^t. 

In the midde way I faw hard on the right Hond a veri fair 
lar(2;e Maner of the Bisfliops of Yorke caullid Bhjbops Tberfe. 

Beyound this iii. Miles the Ground waxith fumwhat 
wooady, and about the iiii. Mile I cam hard by Mx.Aelam^s 
Parke whcrin is a preaty dwelling Place. 

And fo making a iiii. Miles more by the River of Vfe. 
wher the Grounde was fair of Pafture, Corne and Wood, I 
went over JJfe^ and entred Cawood^ a very fair Caflel longg- 
ing to the Archbisfhop of Torke^ and ther is a preati Village 

Prom thens to SbMume^ a Market Town, wherinbe 
nitny Pinners, a v. Miles. The Way betwene wel wooddid. 



u JfilBam Torre created Baron Farre of Kendall 9. Marcb 
%o. H. 8. 1^38. in the Margin of Mr. Burton's Ttamfcrift. 



New 
t mcrveHis. » likcUKDd flMmM r^c. 3 Cnm^idKimr. 

Wd 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

and almoft ftil riding bv a Riverct cauUid Bisjhofs Wster^ 
that rifith a litle a this fide Shsriume and goith into Ufe. 

In the Way betwixt I rode hard by a Parke (as I think) 
of the Bislhops of Torie. 

From Shirlume to J\£/ii/me YUlzgc a Mile^ and pafling 
from thens to Fere brydg apon j^e River a liii. Miles of 
or more. The i Bride mot an viii Arches of ^ Stone, and ther 
is a Village. 

The Soile betwixt neere in fight plaine, wel cornidi but 
litle wood. 

Along on the lift Hond aiii. Miles of betwixt JMilhtme 
and Feribrtdge I faw the wooddi and famofe Foreft of Bamef- 
dale^ wher 3 thay fay that Robyn Hudde ly vid like an Owtlaw. 

From FerytriOFe to Tontfra& a Mile. 

PentfroB is a fair, large Market Tpwne, and good occu* 
piyng in hit. 

Ther is a veri fair Caftel fet on a Rokke of done. 

An Abbay of Blake Monkes, a Paroche Chirche, a College 
of Preftes, a Place of Gray Freres. a faire Chapel. 

Withowt the Town on the Hil, wher the goode /SDuke 
of Lancafire was beheddid, ys a fair Chirche. 

From TentfraiS to St. Ofwauls^ a veri fair and wel buildkl 
Howfe of Chanons^ iii. Mile be much Woddy Grounde. 

Atte St. Ojwalds is a mervelus fair Conduft of Water and 
caftelid hard againe the front of the Howfe. 

The Soile therabout riche of Wood, Pafture and Come. 

A Mile and more beyond St. Opmddet I paffid hard by 
lAr.Burtof^s^ a Knight lately decefid. Park, and in hit is a 
fair Manfion. 

And fo by Wooddy and Corne Ground a iiii. Mile to 
Howton^ or Haulfion^ wher is a minus Maner, longging, as 
theyfaide, to the Temfefies. 

A Mile from that, or more, I cam by Breerh Parke hard 



u Is of St. /B So in the Original. But Mr. Burton * bath 
written Earle in the Margin of his Vranfcrift. Mr. Stowe bad 
writ Earle at faft^ but he afterwards firuck it out and writ 
Duke after it. 

* hath written Earle] Earle is alfo written in the Marg.' 
of the Orig. but 'tis of Mr. Burton's hand. 



t Brid» i#«f, t Siooitt 3 ^i 

PA 



S» LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

cambyaParkoatfaelifteHondL wker 

Here about in a MoOe is Mr. Lyrcefire dwellith. And a iiii« 

Fynre Woodde. Miles Archer I cam by a Parke on the 

liite bond wher Mailer Bouth dwellith^ 

mTMe Mr. Letreeftre Place, and aboute that Place by eood Culture 

Dunhmm MaUe the name of is made veri good Come Ground^ wher 

Mr. B0uth Howfe in his fumtime was very fernny and com« 

Parke. mune Grounde. 

Within a iii. Miles of Cros" tuBw Ueie 

fird Bridg on Merfey I cam And therabout hyRofiam Chlrch on 
over the prati River of Bolyn^ the right Hond is aPodle of a ii. or iii# 
that, asllernid, rifith about Miles in lenght^verv plentiful of fiiche. 
Jdmxwel Foreft, and goith a A iii. Mues of I rode over Merfef 
good way byneth Crosford Water by a great Brii^e of Tymorc 
Bridge into Marfef.. caullid Crosford Bridge. 

This Water of Merfey to the veri mame Se depattith 
Chefirejbrre and « Lancafirefbhre. So about a iii. Miles to 
Manchefire^ in the wich way firft I left Syr jilexamhre RaJcRjfes 

lift bond over Jnul 

Parke and Houfe on the fi right Hond. But or I faw that 
I paflid over Come Brooke^ and after I touchid witbyn a 
good Mile of Manchefire by Mr. Traiford's Park and Place. 
And after on the lift hond I faw Mr. PreJMies Place on 
the lift riond over Irwely wherby the Lord of Dariy hath a 
Place, and a Parke caullid AlparU Parke. Here about I 
paOTid over Medlok River, and To within leiTe then a Mile 
to Maiuheflre. 

Manceftre on the South Side of Irwfl River ftondith in 

Salfordfhlret^ and is the faireft, beft buildid, quikkeft, and 

moft populusTounne of al LancafirObtre. yet is in hit biit one 

/ Paroch Cbirch, but is a College and almoft thoroug^owt 

doble flyd ex quadrato lafide durijfimo^ wherof a goodly 

Quarre is hard by the Towne. Ther be divers Stone Biidos 

in the Toune, but the beft of iii. Arches is over IrveL Tms 

Cawllid Bridge devldith Mancheftre from Salford^ the wich is as a 

StLiford, large Suburbe to Mancheflre. On this Bridg is a praty litle 

Bridge. Chapel. The next is the Bridge that is over Hlrke River, on 

Mr. Bothe dwelleth, and about that Place by good Culture 
is made very good Corne Ground, &c. B. «• Jbefi 3, Pn- 
ragraphs in tie Marg. ar^ypanting in St. fi Defunt vo^es fupr^ 
lin. in Su&B. 



t Laocaflreihirj 



?t« 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ^ 

Taliot of hir caullid Dns Je Lile^ LeylanJ. 

He had Jf^lBam Huntingdon firft Prior One of the Lovetoftes was 
of Radeford or Wyrkefof. Erie ofHuntinrdon andFound-^ 

Man V of the Lovetoftes j PumhaBeSy er of litnt$ng£m Priory. 
and TaUottes buried at WyrkeToppe. ii Wher the Lovetoftes had 

IFirkefoppe is a » Market [Towne,and (umtime a Caftel' • 
there is a Place now invironyd with Trees cawlyd The 
CafUe WUe.'] 

The Stones of the Caftel were * fetchid, as fum fay j to make 
the fair I^odge in WJrkJhffe Parke not yet finisfhid. This 
Erie of Shrewshyris Father was aboute to have finifhid hit, 
as apperith by much hewyd Stone lyvng there. But I am of 
the Opinion that the Chanons had tne Ruines of the Caftel 
Stones to make the Clofure of their large WauUes. 

Ther is at the South Side of the Priory Cowrt a vary fair 
great Gate of hewyn Stone^ 

The Soyle, favyng a little by Wyrkfop to Rethford Market,' 
is plentiful of Corne m enclofid Feeldes, but litle Woodde. 

FromJf^kefop to New tagge by very Wooddi Grownd about 
a Mile. Newhagge is a Park hard on the right bond as I went ' 
longging to the King,. A Mile beyond Newhag ftil by Wood 
I rode over Gerierton Brooke. 

A Mile thens paffing al by plaine hethy Ground I rode 
over J3*itfy Brooke. 

And fo paffing a Mile more by plaine Hethe, and ii. Miles 
by fair Wooddes I rode over Rume Water, wher in «/- 
teriori rifa is a Villa^ caullid communely Ruford for Rumo^ 
forde., 

A Quarter of a Mile beyond Runteford Village ftoode a 
late Rumeford Abbay of White Monkes. The Erie of SUfreuJ}- 
hyri hath hit now of the King for Exchaung of Land of his 
xalrland^ 

Rume River riiSth by South of Maunsfeld a v. Miles from 
Rumeford Abbay; and when the Srreame cummith nere the 
Abbay it makith ther in a Botom a fair Lake of the fame 
Name, and fo cumming againe into a narow Courfe goith 
to Rumeftrd Village, and, as I lernid, ther after receivith 
both Budfy Water and Gerberton Water, and after with a 



if Thete Wofds in the Margin are placed by Mr. Stowe /»- 
mediately after ^ with Trees cawlyd the Caftle Hille. 



t Market rTo]wn and ther [is a Placr] flaw cnvirFnyd with Trees 
awlyd the caftic Hille.] a fette. 

yol. %i N meat<;- 



9S LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

MP 

Biwtrc meatcly long Curfe goith to Bowtre^ of fum caullid Vaithti 
a Market Town in Natingamjbhre a v. Miles from Dancafin^ 
andfo. aslhardfay, incoTfAif. 
LooKe ther about wyther BM) River goitha 
Pai.9j. From Vkmeford Abbav by plainc 

/Umoft a Mile or I cam to Corny and Palter Ground to a Village 
this Village I cam hard by a iiii. Miles of^ wher I paflid over a 
Hexgrrve Park on the ri^t Brooke caullid (if I wel remembre) 
bond, and a litle beyond on Girt. This Brooke goith to Savtbwel 
the lift bond I faw nere at Milles, and fo to Ji^mt. 
hondMr.N«wiWwxaKnighttes i Sawilmel from thens a ii. Miles. 
Parche and preati Manor. It The Ground betwixt very fruteful 
is in Ketelington Paroche. of Come. 

Sowthewel ftondith in Snottngamjhsn* 
The Town by hit is meately wel build- 
id, but ther is no Market publike. 
There lyith intheQuiersin TheMinftre of ourLacfyislarge,but 
an Arche an Arche^isfhop of no pleafaunt Building, but rather 
olXerkt. ftronge. 

The Bisfhop of fork hatb ther a preaty Palace, and the 
Minifters of the Chirch be wel loddegid, efpecially the Pre- 
bendarys. 
The litle Park, alias Vitn The Archebisfhop hath iii.Parkes,but 
Vttrk. Kofwood Park. Hexgre is the chefeft of them. 

To Thurgoton Village and Priory of Blak Chanons lately 
fuppreffid a ii. Miles by Corne Ground. 

And thens a good Mile to Oringgam Feri, wher my Horfys 
paflid over TreiU fit vadum^ and Ifer cjmham. I never faw 
fairer Medows then nthere a bothe Ripes of l>ent. 

Nctingam on the right Hond $ vi. Miles from IrajeSuSj 
and NeTt>arke on the lifte Hond a iiii. Miles. Newark to us 
rip. citet. TVentd:. 

After that I cam a litle beyond Trent I faw al Champainc 
Grounde undecunque within fight, and very litle Wood but 
infnita frugum cofia^ 



m There about on bothe Bankes of Trefrt St. fi 6. Miles 
from TrajeBuSy and 4. Miles from Newark^ on the left Hand. 
Newark to us &C. B. 



I To Sowchwcl firtn. % mM »du dcle^ 

To 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 99 

To LangerVilhge a iiii. Miles, wher A ii. Miles beyond Langer 
hard by the Chircn is a Stone Howfe I faw but far of theTlaftel of 
of the Lord Scrofes embatelid like a Bever on a Hy coppid Hille. 
CafteL Betwixt IVf*/ Ripe and Mel- 

idHalf a Mile or I cam to Langer I ton many Benes and Pefon, 
by Sir 7»fe» cha»»rth9 OS yt is communely thorough 

cam by Nlafter a Knightes Manor zi Leyrcejlrejhir. 
Place,wherabowtIfawgreatandmer- Melton^ one fair Paroche 
velus fair Medows. ChaworthV\^CQ\s Chirch, iiinKime an Hofpi- 
C2L\A\iAWdrtonHauUe. tal and Celle to Ltwes ia 

From Langer by veri fair Medow$ SuJJex. 
and Come grouna to Smithes a Broke- 
let that ther devidith Kotingghamjhire from Leyrcefirejhtre 
a iiii. Myles. 

Nere beyond this Brooke I pallid thorough Claufon Vil- 
lage in Leyrcefir^tr. 

From Claufon to Melton a iii, good Miles by good Corne 
Ground. 

Kyrkhy a litle Priori of Blake Chanons apon > Wreke Ryver 
ii. Miles beneth Melton Movbray was a late fuppreffia. I 
hard fay that one Bettar was Foundder thereof. 

From Melton to Burton Lazar^ a veri fair Hofpital and 
Collegiate Chirch,*fcant a Mile. 

To Boroifi Hilles more than ii. Miles. 

The Place that now is cawllid Boron KUes is duble dl- 
chid, and conteinith within the Diche to my Eftimation a 
iiii. icore Acres, The Soilc of it berith very good Corne. 

Firft I tooke hit for a Campe of Menne of Warre, but after 
I plaine perceivid that hit nad beene wauUid about with 
Stone, and to be fure puUid out fum Stones at the entering 
of hit, wher hath bene a great Gate, and ther found Lyme 
betwixt the Stones. But whither ther hath beene any mo 
Gates there then one I am not yet fure, but I conjed^e. 

Very often hath be founde ther numifmata Romana of Gold, 
Sylver and BrafTe, and Fragmentes of al Fundations in 
Plowyng. 

This ftondeth in the very hy way bytwi;[t Melton and 
London. 

To thes Borow Hilles every Yere on Monday after White-* 
Sondaj cum People of the Contery therabowt, and {bote, ' 



n Herefeveral Things are wanting in Stowe. 

I .l l . iiii . iii III I mmmmmmmmrmm 

I Wr^cRhiff. 



N % rcimc^,; 



9x L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Calder rifinjg ftbout the fame Hilles goith alfo into Wfe. 
I rode over hit. 

By the Tounes Ende of GMtfiane I rode over a great Stone 
Bridge on Wyuer or I cam to hit. 

Vfyre rifith a viii. or tenne Myle$ from Garfian owt of the 
Hilles on the right Hond, and cummith by Grenehangb t 
prety Oiilel of the Lorde of Dartjt^ and more then haJf a 
^filp tben^ to Goffiane in Aund^mes. Sum iaith that Gur- 
fim$ w^ * Market Toune. 

Wyre ebbeth and flowith a iii. MU^ 
From Garftan to SalnB Ms- beneth Garfiane^ and at a Chapel oi 
bels a Village a ii. Miles, and Alhalowes a x. Miles from Gmrfian go* 
a Mile lower on the farther itb into the maine Se. 
Side be the Places of Mr. Or I cam to GarfiMie by a Mile and 
^Jffkety of HaudecUf^ and Mr, ^ hajfe I XekMerfcow a greatParke parte- 
Boteler of Baudeclff'. So a vii. ly enclofid with Hegge, partely al on 
Myle to Albahis V illaee* and tne Moore fide with Pale. On the right 
then to the Se, Raudeclif of it is repJenifliid with Redde Deere. 
Wmmerlaw a Mile from Gar^ The Erie of Darly Jiath hit in Ferme 
ftoM hath hys Place at fPim- pf the King. 

merlaw. Up toward the Hilles by (yr«»e*<fifrA 

[Caftle] be i iii. [Forefts of redde 
Deere, H^redale^ Bouland^ and BlefiaU. They be partly 
Woody, partly Hethye.] Tlie Ground bytwixt Marie and 
Trefion encloud for Pafture and Corne, but were the vafte 
Mores and Moffes be, wherby as in Hegges Rowes by Me 
Grovettes ther is reafonay^ Woodde for Buildding, and 
fum for Fier, yet al the People ther for the moft pan bume 
Turfes. . 

Likewife is the Soile bytwixt Trefion and Qarftsn ; but al- 
way the moftc part of Enclofures be for Pafturages. 
Whete is not veri communely fowid in fhes ranos af«rq- 

Al Aunderneffe for the moft parte in titne paft hath beene 
fill of Woodjj and many of the MooresTeplen|ftiid with hy 

But now fuch Part of Aunditmjfe a$ i^ toward the Se is. 
fore deftitute of Woodde. 

From Garftane I paffid partely by More Ground, pajtely 
by Pafture and fum Corne, and fo riding over GokerBSstr^ 
that makith no great Courfe or he cummq to the Sandes by 
Cpkerbam Village not a Mile pf. apop t)ie which Sander \ 



\ 



1 fif . Forefts of redde Derrje Wyredalc^ Bqqld^df. and Bkfft^Ic They bp 
jNiftty Woodri pvtlr Brth]^, J ^ V ^ ^ 

paffid 



LELANiyS ITINERARY; n 

Jaflid over Koter River ons or twis again not without fum 
eere of Qjjjkkefandes. At the Ende of the Sandes I faw 
divers Salt Cootes, whcr were divers Hepes of Sandis taken 
of Salt Strondys, owt of the wich by often weting with Wa- 
ter they pike owt the Saltnes, and fo the Water is derivid 
into a Pit, and after fodde. 

Thens to Cokerffmd an Abbay of Ctfierfiemfes about half 
a Mile of, ftanding vcri blekely and obje& to al Wynddes, 

One WiBiam of Lancafire was Founder of that Houfe a<- 
bout King Henri the i, Tyme. 

From Koierfand Abbav I roode over the Sandes, marking 
the Salt Cotes, and a Mile of over CamJsr Riveret < [trillinge 
by the Sands to] the Se. 

So to a meane Place cawllid^i^Mi of the Kinges Lande, Fol. tf. 
wher Mr. Lejhtme Knight ulith to lye, and from chens a ii« 
or iii. Miles to Ijmeaftre. 

Lancafire Caftel on a Hille ftrongly 
buildid and wel repaired. The new Riunes of an old Place (as 
Toune (as thei ther fay) buildid hard I remembre of the CstfeUs) 
by yn the Defcent from the Caftel,hav- by the Caftel Hille. 
ing one Paroch Chirch wher fumtime 
the Priori of Monkes Alienis was put doune by YAngBetny 
the V. and given to Syon Abbay. 

The old Waul of the Circmte of the 
Priorycummith almofttoJLir»e Bridge. If I had kept the hy Shore 
Sum nave therby fuppofid that it was Way from LancMfire to Cnm^ 
a Peace of a Waul of the Toune. But Ireland I (hould have » gone 
yn deade I efpiyd in no Place that by CartemMiie Sand, wher a 
the Toune was ever waullid. frefch Water doth cum a vii. 

The old Toune (as they fay ther) 3 Myles ; to dmjbtd Sande, 
wasalmoftalbumidandftoodepartely whither a River refortith, a 
beyounde the Blak Freres. viii. Miles j to Dndden Sandes, 

In thos Partes in the Feeldes and witheraRiver refortith, a iiii. 
Fundations hath ben found much Ro^ Miles. Anv/V Abbay up in the 
Wigjf^ Coyne. Montaines a iiii. Miles of. 

The Soile about Lancafire is veri 
fair, plentiful of Wcnad, Pafture, Me* 
dow and Come. 

I rode over Lnne toward Wi^rtem a Cartemalie and Contjbed'^xi^, 
vi. Miles of, wher Mr.K///i» was borne, ories of Blajce Chanons. 
A ii- Mile from Lancaftre the Cunteri 
began to b^ llony, and a litle to wax N{ontanlus, 

Half a Mile from War$§n I paflfi^ over fieri River, cum- 



ming 



tot LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

The Erie huxb a Parke and a Maner Place or Lodge yn 
it caullid Hmrdtmiki afom Line a four Miles from Newfteie 
Abbay. 

In SnHinghdmJbire 

This Riveret from the B/f/A a Market »TowneonB/rVi&Ri* 
Hedde is not alway caullid veret iiii. ^ Miles beyound Wyrkfof in 
BBfb^ but as it were in the the wav to Dsncaffre. 

« Bliti rifitb in aMore a v. Miles from 

mdlddc way betwixt Rodef^rJ^ Whrkfof. So to Wirkefif^ and to Blith 
idus ^^kjhp^ and Blith Mar- the Market Toun,andthens into I>u9ne 
kct. Ther cummith a preaty River. 

Brooke into B/itb or he cum Bantre a Market a iii. Miles beyound 
to Wjrrkfif. Blith Market, and this Towne is of the 

Jikil a Market Toun with Paroche of Blith. So that one Faroche 
t Freres and a Ruinus Caftel hath ii. Market Townes. 
kkMttin^Mi^ire a ii. Miles Not far beyound B«»lfe is the Limes 
bqrond Bsutre. " of Notinghsmjhire and Tarkejhire toward 

Kttitfgmn a great Market Dancafire. 

Town. As the Evidence of Blith Abbay fpek* 

Ifewark apon 7ffii#, a good ith there was a Caftel about King Ifyi^ 

Market 3 Towne. Iram Conquerors Time at BUthe^ the 

Ther is a goodly Houfe or wich thei caullid in LsSine Blida. I 

laore lately buildid in ^ede^ think that it ftoode nere the Abbay, or 

fird 9 • els the Abbay was buildid wher the 

u Caftel was. 

Roger Bolej a Norman was the Foundder of Blith abowt 
King William Conquerors Time. 

Maunsfeld a Market Town longing to the King in No^ 
tinghamjbire. (« it is yn Shtrwode) • . • Miles from Rothcram 
in the Hy Way to Nottingam. 
Wyrkejofpe made a Market Town more then xxx.Yeres ago. 
Retheford, of fum foundid Redford^ a good Market Towne 
within a v. Miles of TVent Ripe. But ther be ii. Rethefords^ 
One the lefle is caullid Wefie Retheford^ the other is caullid 
Bfi Redford^2.nd is the Market Towne 4- as bigge as the other j 
and hath aChirch almoft as fair as hit. s [There is one Bridge 
lipon the River that divideth the Towne from the other. 



« it is yn Shirwode] Thefe words are written over the 
line hy Mr. Leland's own hand, and are by way of Cor- 
rection. 



I Town. % Mile. 3 Toua. 4 as bigge as Rocheram. j* [The] onely 
Bridg apon [the] Ryver [dWi^] the owe [Tavfnc from the ot^er. 

\ Retf^ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

and almof): ftil riding bv a Riveret caitllid Ksjh^fs Witter^ 
that rifith a litle a this ficle Shhrhnme and goith into life. 

In the Way betwixt I rode hard by a Parke (as I think) 
of the Bislhops of Yorke. 

From Shirhtme to Milbume Village a Mile^ and pafling 
from thens to Fere brydg apon Aire River a liii. Miles of 
or more. The i Bride moi an viii Arches of ai Stone, and cbcr 
is a Village. 

The Soile betwixt neere in fight plaine, wel coniid, but 
litle wood. 

Along on the lift Hond a.iii. Miles of betwixt JMUhtme 
and FeriMdge I faw the wooddi and famofe Foreft of Bsmef- 
dale^ wher i thay fay that Robjn Hudde ly vid like an Owtlaw. 

From Vtrjbridge to Tontfra& a Mile. 

FentfraB is a fair, large Market Tpwne, and good occu* 
piyng in hit. 

Tner is a veri fair Caftel fet on a Rokke of done. 

An Abbay of Blake Monkes, a Paroche Chirche, a College 
ofPreftes, aPlaceof GrayFreres. a fairc Chapel. 

Withowt the Town on the Hil, wher the goode fi Duke 
of Lancafire was beheddid, ys a fair Chirche. 

From VontfraiS to St. Ofwauls, a veri fair and wel buildid 
Howfe of Chanons^ iii. Mile be much V^oddy Grounde. 

Atte St. Ofwalds is a mervelus fair Conduft of Water and 
caftelid hard againe the front of the Howfe. 

The Soile therabout riche of Wood, Pafhire and Come. 

A Mile and more beyond St. Ofwddtt I paffid hard by 
Mr.Btfr/0»V, a Knight lately decefid. Park, and in hit is a 
fair Manfion. 

And fo by Wooddy and Come Ground a iiii. Mile to 
Howton^ or Hmilfionj wher is a minus Maner, longging, as 
theyfaide, to the Temfefies. 

A Mile from that, or more, I cam by Breerle Parke hard 



m Is of St. /8 So in the Original. But Mr. Burton * bath 
written Earle in the Margin of his T>anfcript. Mr. Stowe had 
writ Earle at firft-^ but he afterwards firuck it out and writ 
Duke (fter it. 

« hath written Earle] Earle is alfo written in the Marg; 
of the Orig. but 'tis of Mr. Burtotfs hand. 



PA 



5y 



9^^ LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 

on the right hond, wherin is a faire Maner Place long^g 
to the Lonl M9n$9gU. 

And fo a U. Mile beyond I roode over a Stone Bridge, un- 
der the whiche ran Tame^ a Riveret that goith (as they £ud) 
into Dune Rivef betwixt RHhermn and Dumecafire. 
From Tarm to Rotbersm a iiii* Miles* 
I enterid into Rvtheram by a fairStone Bridgeof iiii. Arcfae% 
and on hit is a Chapel of Stone wel wrou^tl 

Rotbtrmn is a meately lar^e Market Tbwne, and hath a 
large and fair Collegiate Chirch. The College was inftitutid 
by one ScMe^ Archbisfhop of Terke^ otherwife cauUid mR$^ 
M. ^t* tberam^ even in the fame Place wher now is a very fair Col* 
lege fumptuuQy buiidid of Brike for a Provofl, v. Prcftes, a 
Schole-Mafter in Song, and vi . ChorefteSj a Schole-Mafter 
in « Grammar, and a nother in Writinge. 

Though betwixt Cawoode and Rotberam be good Plenti of 
Wood^ vet the People bume much Yerth Cole^ bycawfe hit 
is plentifully found tner, and fold good chepe. 
^_ A Mile from Rotberam be veri good Pittes of Cole. 
iO* In R^betmn be veri good Smithes for all cutting Tooles. 

Betwixt Rotberam and Worfopi x. long Miles the Soile. 
partely Woody, fi as fpecially within iiu Miles <rf Werfop^ 
partely Palhire and partly Corne* 

Within a eood Mile or I cam to Worfof I I'odc thorpugli 

a Parke of Mx.T^rmnles a Knight for the moft abidkig m 

Ijmcafiftfbire. And in this Parke is a veri praty litle Howfe. 

By ^Warkfep is a Parke of a vi. or vii. Miles in Cumpace, 

longgingtotheErleof^ib'M^^Vir. « 

Wyrk^af is 3 caullid in fum old Writings Rodefard. and the 
Water mat goith to Blitb Market cummith by hit. 
AaD.iio}. Wilbelmm Lfivetffts was the firft Founder of hit in the 
tyme of Anfelm Bisfhop of CanterUri and Gmrad Bisfhop of 
^Torke^ in Hefirt the firfte Dayes. His /Bloode and Inheri- 
tance cam to a Dowghter that marled one R$rmivalle. After 
FurmvaUes Inheritance cam to a Doughter, the wich was* 
maried to one NeviUj and he had a 
This Nevlli hath a goodly Doughtter by hir, the wiehe was ma« 
Tumbe in the middis of the ried to Taltot the firfl Erie 6E Salef. 
Qujer. And among other Childem he had 



m Thomas Rotheram St. fi As efpecially B. 



I Cfimmcr. AWfjakf^ 3 owUid. ^Xgtk. f,BM«, 
..^ Ta/tot 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 9f 

Talbot of hir caullid Dnfde Lite, LeylanJ, 

He had WiBiamHuntingdon firft Prior One of the Lovetoftes was 
of Radeford or Wyrkefop. Erie oiHuntlnidon andFound<^ 

Many of the 'Loveuftes^ FurmvaBeSj er of Huiaii^tUm Priory. 
and TatbotUs buried at Wyrkefopfe^ « Wher the Lovetcfies had 

Wtrkefopfe is a » Market [Towne,and (Umtime a Caftel' • 
there is a Place now invironyd with Trees cawlyd The 
Caftle KUe."] 

The Stones of the Caftel were * fetchid, as fum fay, to make 
the fair I^odge in f^rkjhfpe Parke not yet finisfliid. This 
Erie of Shrewsbyris Father was aboute to have finifhid hit, 
as apperith by much hewyd Stone lyvng there. But I am of 
the Opinion that the Chanons had tne Ruines of the Caftel 
Stones to make the Clofure of their large Waulles. 

Ther is at the South Side of the Priory Cowrt a very fair 
great Gate of hewyn Stone^ 

The Soyle, favyng a little by J^yrkfop to Rethford Market, 
is plentiful of Corne in enclofid Feeldes, but line Woodde. 

^xomWi^kefop to Newhagge by very Wooddi Grownd about 
a Mile. Newhagge is a Park hard on the right hond as I went 



longging to the Kingt. A Mile beyond Newhag ftil by Wood 
I rode over Gerberton Brooke. 

A Mile thens paffing al by plaine hethy Ground I rode 
over Budby Brooke. 

And fo paffing a Mile more by plaine Hethe, and ii. Miles 
by fair Wooddes I rode over Rume Water, wher in ul^ 
terlori ripa is a Village caullid communely Ruford for Rutn$^ 
forde., > 

A Quarter of a Mile beyond Aunieford Village ftoode a 
late Rumeford Abbay of White Monkes. The Erie of Shreuf^ 
byri hath hit now of the King for Exchaung of Land of his 
in Irland. 

Rume River rifith by South of Maunsfeld a v. Miles from 
Rumeford Abbay; and when the Streame cummith nere the 
Abbay it makith ther in a Botom a fair Lake of the fame 
Name, and fo cumming againe into a narow Courfe goith 
to Rumeford Village, and, as I lernid, ther after receivith 
both Budby Water and Gerberton Water, and after with a 



tt rhete Wofds in the Margin are placed by Mr. Stowe /»• 
mediately after ^ with Trees cawlyd the Caftle Hille. 



t Market [Tolwn and ther Tu a Plaer] now cnvirFnyd with Trees 
awlyd the caftle HiUe.] a fene. 

Vol. %i N meatij- 



LELAND^ ITINERARY. 

mcitdy long Cmfe gmdi to B^mire^ of fum caullid Kmiref 
a Market Town in NHhfsmfimre a y. Miles fromDmrnu^^ 
andfo. aslhaidiky, 'vDlo^^emt. 
Loose dier about wyther B£M River goitha 
M.9). From VaMuftri AUnnr by plaioe 

Almoft a Mile or I cam to Cmiy andPaftcr Grouiid toa ullage 
this Villa« I cam hard by a iiii. Miles of^ wher I paffid over a 
Bitxmve Park on the rig^ Brooke canllid (if I wd remembre) 
hond^ and a litle beyond on Ghi. This Broc»e goitfa to S§wtbm€l 
the lift bond I faw nere at Milles, and fo to Tremi. 
hondMr.NAMMS»»Knighttes > Sntlmel from riiens a ii. Miles. 
Parche and preati Manor, b The Ground betwixt very fratefiil 
is in KeUGmp0m Paroche. of Come. 

Sawtbewel ftondidi in SmvttHgMmJbne, 
The Town by hit is meately wel build- 
id, but ther IS no Market publike. 
There lyith in the Quiers in The Minftre of our Lady islarge,but 
an Arche an Arche^sfhop of no pleafaunt Building, but rather 
of r«rile. ftronge. 

The Bisfliop of Xvrk hath ther a preaty Pdace, and the 
Minifters of the Chirch be wel loddegid, efpedally the Pre^ 
bendarys. 
The litle Park, alias N» The Archebis(hophathiiLParkes,but 
V^k. Korwood Park. Hexgre is the chefeft of them. 

To rtmrgotom Vill^^ and Priory of Blak Chanons lately 
(uppreffid a ii. Miles by Come Ground. 

And thens a good Mile to Oriwgrmm Feri, wher my Horiys 
paffid over Trewi fer vaJmmj andT^ff cymham. I never faw 
hurer Medows then « there a bothe Ripes of TVavt. 

NetmgMm on the right Hond fi vi. Miles from IrajeShf^ 
and Nntarke on the lifte Hond a iiii. Miles. Newark to u$ 
rif.citet.iyentd:. 

After that I cam a litle beyond Trem I faw al Champaine 
Grounde unJecimque withm fight, and very litle Wood but 
itrpnita frugum cofia^ 



\ 



m There about on bothe Bankes of Tr^nt St. /8 6. Miles 
from TrajeSuSj and 4. Miles from Newark^ on the left Hand, 
Newark to us &C. B. 



I TofiowdnrdfireiQ. s m m «rdbff dele^ 

To 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 99 

To LangerViUzge a iiii. Miles, wher A ii. Miles beyot;^ Langer 
hard by the Chirch is a Stone Howfe I faw but for of theXIaftel of 
of the Lord Scrofes embatelid like a Bever on a Hy coppid Hille. 
Caftel. Betwixt jyent Ripe and Mel- 

#8 Half a Mile or I cam to Langer I ton many Benes and Pefon, 
by Sir j^hn cbamrtbe OS yt is communely thorough 

cam by Mafter a Knightes Manor ol Leyrcefire/hir. 
Place,wherabowtIfawgreatandmer- Melton^ one fair Paroche 
velus fair Medows. ChaworthV\^CQiz Chirch, fumtime an Hofpi- 
cmWiAWarimKauUe. tal and Celle to Ltwes io 

From Langer by veri fair Medows SuJJex^ 
and Come grouna to Smithe^ a Broke- 
let that ther devidith Notingghamjhire from Leyrceftrejljtre 
a iiii. Myles. 

Nere beyond this Brooke I paffid thorough Claufon Vil- 
lage in Leyrceftr^lr. 

From Claujon to Melton a iii, good Miles by good Come 
Ground. 

Kyrkhy a litle Priori of Blake Chanons apon > Wreke Ryver 
ii. Miles beneth Melton Mowbray was a fate fuppreffia. I 
hard fay that one BeUar was Foundder thereof. 

From Melton to Burton Lazar^ a veri fair Hofpital and 
Collegiate Chirch, -fcant a Mile. 

To Borom Hilles more than ii. Miles. 

The Place that now is cawllid Boraio KUes is duble di- 
chid, and conteinith within the Diche to my Eftimation a 
iiii. (core Acres, The Soilc of it berith very good Corne. 

Firft I tooke hit for a Campc of Menne rf Warre, but after 
I plaine perceivid that hit nad beene wauUid about with 
Stone, and to be fure puUid out fum Stones at the entering 
of hit, wher hath bene a great Gate, and ther found Lyme 
betwixt the Stones. But whither ther hath beene any mo 
Gates there then one I am not yet fure, but I conjed ye. 

Very often hath be founde ther numifmata Romana of Gold, 
Sylver and BrafTe, and Fragmentes of al Fundations in 
Plowyng. 

This ftondeth in the very hy way bytwixt Melton and 
Jjtndon* 

To thes Borem HiBes every Yere on Monday after IFhite-^ 
Sonday cum People of the Contery therabowt, and fhote, 

■ ' " ' J" ..^i 

n Herefeveral things are wanting in Stowe, 



N % ceuu^ 



loo LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 

rcnne,wraftel,dawnce,andufe like other Feates of Exercyfe,' 
Boraw Village is within lefle then half a Mile of hit, and 
ther dwcllith one Mr. Borim the greateft Owner there. 
Borov HiBes be abo^yte a vii- Miles from Leyrceflre. 
1^ Remembre that Croxton Abbay Water rmng at Croxton 
■^^ cummith into Eye Water f^ rtfam auftraiem about a Mile or 
more above ilff/r^v. 

From Bofcrm HiBes to Laund a v. 
The Cbamorthis were and Mile. 
bcFoundersofL/»iy»</ Priory. The Soile direffo itlnere betwyxt 
Almofte half a Mile or I Trent South Ripe and l^aunie is baren 
cam to "Launde I paffid by of Wood, but plentiful of Corne » and 
Mafter Smithes Howfe made Pafture,eipeciallyabowtX.^»»</f Quar- 
frefch by Mr. BadcMe that ters. 

married Smithes Doughter. But the Soyle abowt 'Launde is Woodr 

dy, and the Foreft of Ly, of fum cauUid 
Lyfeld^ joynithe * [to Launde by Efte.] 
FoL 94; Ana the Soile otOwfen Abbay ii. Miles by Eft North Efte 
from Launde is alfo veri Wooddv. 

The Ground a litle beyound Launde toward Pippe/ is 
not Wooddy. 
To Haleden a preaty Tounlet about a iiii. Miles. 
To Methurne Village a Mile. 

And almofl; a Mile to a Bridge, wher I paffid over Wylani 
River, ther no great Streame. 

Tbens of to Vipoel Abbay abowt a iii. Miles. 
The Bridg ana Water of Weland ther devidith Leyrcefire^, 
JhtTe from Northampton. 

From Methtme to within a Mile of Tipwel is mervelus 
goodly Medow. 

After that I paffid over Weland abowt a Mile I faw Baking- 
bam Caftel ftanding on the Brow of a Stony Hille in the ut- 
ter Part of the Side of Rokingham Foreft, and it ftcod a ii. 
Mile of on the lifte Honde. 

Almoft a Mile or I cam to Fifrpel 

Vip»el ftandeth in the veri I ent^rid into the Woode of Rokingham 

lEnde of the Foreft «ior . . . Foreft. Pipv>el Abbay ftondith in Rok-- 

ButviBe, fumtime a Knight in^ham Foreff , and mo Abbays is not, 

ofNorthamftonfiire^ Founder nor were, as 1 hard fay, in the Foreft. 

of TiffeweB. Mxmhay^ the The Foreft 6i Rokingham \%\Xi fum 



Ii Beefi St. & B. 



-mm 



\ 



% Mid PaftuK. Kt. ft M Lttfnde by Efte. 

?lace| 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. loi 

Places a ii. Miles, in fum Places but a Lordof llirf/j«/,and the Lord 
Mile brode, and by Eftimation a xiiii. Smith cncrcfid hit. 
Miles longe. 

Rokingham Caftcl faullith to mine. 

No redde Deere but falow in Rokhgbam Foreft. 

The Faireft Game of the Foreft is feene at a Place in the 
Foreft cauilid Launde maf BenefeilJ' . 

Divers Gentilmen ofveri fairc Landes dwelle in Villages 
neere about PifweUe. 

Ther dwellith for the moft part a Gcntilman in every Vil- 
lage of Northamptonjhtre, 

From Pifwel to Ketering Market iii. good Miles by Pafturc 
and Come Ground. A Mile from TippeUe at Barton Village 
is the Trejfehams Manor Place. 

From Ketering to Hykam Ferres vii. Theris a Collegiate Cbirch 
Miles. Almoft a Quarter of a Mile or at Hjham Ferres^ and a Gram- 
I cam to Hyham Ferns I paffid over merSchoole^and aCaftel now 
Neene Water. of late clene faullen and taken 

downe. Ther is a Mair at 
t^ Halamjljtre beginnith a ii. Mile Hyham Ferres. 

from Rotheram. Sheffild iii. Milts Al Halanifbtn go to the 
from Rotheramjwher the Lord of SJbreifJ^ Seflions of Teri^ and is count- 
^r/xCafteliSjthe chefe Market Towne id as a Membre ofTorkfbire. 
of Halamjhire. And Halamjhtre goirh lliere is a goodly Lodge or 
one I wayvi.orvii.Milesabove5A^/(flfe Manor Place on a Hil Top 
by Weft, yet, as I here fay, a nother in ShefeU Park. 
way the next Village to Sheffild is in Winfeld^ orWenfeld^m Dar^ 
Darbyjkire. hyjbtre is out a Maner Place, 

Ther be many Smithes and Cuttelars but y t far paffith » Sheffeld Ca- 
in Halamjhtre. ft el . 

JEgglesfld and Bradefeld ii. Townelettes or Villages long 
to one Paroche Chirche. So by this meanes (as I was en- 
Aruftid) ther be but iii. Parocnes in Halamjhtre that is of 
Name, and a great Chapelle. 

Halamjhtre hath Plenti of Woodde, and yet ther is burnid 

much Se Cole. Reafonable good Pafture but meate Corne. 

The Erie is now Lord of Shelf elde Market in Torklhlre^ and 

Werkjofe in NotinghamJIjire^ znd Rotheram that a late longgid 

to Ruff ard AhlMiy. \ ' 

m Theje two lafi Words are added hy Mr. Burton, and they 
are aljo inferted tn his Tranfcriftp 



J wiyavi.or x Sheffild. 

The 



tct LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

The Erie badi a Parke and a Maner Place or Lodge jn 
it caullid tUrJewike apen Line a four Miles from Newjlede 
Abbay. 

This Riveret from the £///itaMarket>TowneonB/iVi6Ri« 
Hedde is not alway caullid verec iiii. & Miles beyound Wyrkfif in 
BBtb^ but as it were in the the wzy to Dancaftre. 

s BRtb rifith in a More a v. Miles from 

spidde way betwixt Redeford^ mrkfop. So to Wirkefif^ and to Biitb 
idias ^^kjop^ and Blitb Mar- the Market Toun,andthens intol>ivM^ 
ket, Ther cummith a preaty River. 

Brooke into B/ith or he cum Baittre a Market a iiL Miles beyound 
to^kfif. Blitb Market, and this Towne is of the 

Tiki a Market Toun with Paroche of Blitb. So that one Paroche 
% Freres and a Ruinus Caftel hath ii. Market Townes. 
in H§ttif^amjbire a ii. Miles Not far beyound Bjv^« is the Limes 
beyond Bsutre. ' oi Notingbaffifhire and Tarkejhire toward 

N^tingam a great Market Dancajlre. 

Town* As the Evidence of Blitb Abbay fpek-» 

Hewark apon TVent^ a good ith there was a Cailel about King ^A 

Market 3 Towne. Ham Conquerors Time ^ BStbe^ the 

Ther is a goodly HouTe or wich thei caullid in Lstime BRda. 1 

inore lately buildid in ^ede- think that it ftoode nere the Abbay, or 

jfkrd « els the Abbay was buildid wher the 

u Caftel was. 

Roger Bolej a Norman was the Foundder of Blitb abowt 
King IViUiam Conquerors Time. 

^ Maumfeld a Market Town longing to the King in Mr-< 
i^ngbawmire. («itis yn Sbtrwode) . . • Miles from K^^^iini 
in the Hy Way to Nottin£am. 
Wyrkejoppemtdt a Market Town more thenxxx.Yeres ago, 
Ketbqord^ of fum foundid Redford^ a good Market Towne 
within a v. Miles of l>ent Ripe, But ther be ii. Retbrfords^ 
One the lefTe is caullid l^efie Retbefhrd, the other is caullid 
Bft Redford^znd is the Market Towne 4as bigge as the otfaer;i 
and ham aOhirch almoft as fair as hit. s [There is one Bridge 
upon the River that divideth the Towne from the odier« 



« it isyn Shirwode] Thefe words are written over the 
line hy Mr. LelanJPs own hand, iand are by way of Cor-: 
redtion. 



I Town. % Mile. 3 Toun. 4 at bigge as Rotheram. s L*^®] pvixA^ 
Bridg tpcm [the] Ryvcr [divi4t] tiie f«if XTojiw ^o™ *« «¥«^f» 

\ Ret^ 



LELAND^S ITINERARY. xo| 

Retford hath beene burnt] but both be fins that reedified. 

Fol. 9^5 9(f , 97. vacant. 
ninges notable in Bedfordlhir. 

The Caftelle of Adinggreves is on the fame fide that the F0I.51; 
Caftelle Mille is on, otherwife caullid Rifingho about a Mile^^y^^ j|^ 
lower on the Ryver toward S.Neotes^ where is on a Hille ais • iiilc 
Diche and other Tokins of Buildinges there not 2. Ballesand « Wf 
Caftes from the Ryver Bank. bynethW- 

About a Mile and a half beneth Adinggreves is a great^*^ 
Stone Bridge of an viii. Arches of Stone at Berford^ andther 
in ulter. ripa is a good Uplandifch Towne. 

From Betford to Eiton a good Village in ulter. ripa about 
a 5. Mile, wher be feene vefligia Caftelli betwen the Chirch 
and the Ripe, and almoft hard on the Ripe : and at this 
Biton is a litle poore Bridge of Eafe over the Ryver. The 
Ruines of Eiton Caftelle long to my Lord Vaulx. 

Ther wer 2. Hofpitales in the Suburbe of Bedford by 
South in citer. ripa Ufa. the Houfes wherof and Cnapelle$ 
yet ftande. 

S. John^s ftandeth on right Hond firft cumming in from 
Soutn to Bedfordei And then on the fame Hand a litle afide 
is S. Leonards. 

Thinges notable in the Gray Freres of Bedford. FoL ffi 

The very Original Founderes of the Grey Freres of Bed- 
ford was Mabil TateJhuU Lady of Blet^ Epit. 

tejho^ wher now Syr John S.John H/V j^f ^^ p«. Mabilla Pate- 
dwellith, and of Stoke^ as fum fay, in fliulle, Dna de Blettelho, K 
t Lincolnjbir a 4,4MiLes a this fide Grante^ fundatrix hujus loci, 
ham in L,incolnJhir^ and this Stoke long- She was biried under a flat 
ith now to Mafter S.John. Stone. 

This Mobil was byried at the South 
Side of the High Altare under an Arche. 

Ther was alio buried on the Northe Side of the High Al- 
tare, under a plain Stone, oneoithiQhordMowbrays. 

And one Quf ne Elenor was buried right afore the High 
Altare under a flat Stone of Marble wit;h an Image of plaine 
Plate of Brafle encrounid. 

Bichard HafiingeSy an Efquier, Chaumberlayn to Edward 
the 5. was buriea on the North Side of the Quier in a low 
Tumbe. x 



] Linc«Ixiflitrf, 



I04 LELAND'S ITINERARY/ 

Syr Richard Lrntcefier was biried in the Midle of the Bodjf 
of the Chirch : And this Irencefter^ as it is faid, made the 
Body of the Chirch of the Graye Freres. Blake S. John *of 
late tyme was buried ^of the Quier by Uafitnges. 
The Freres ftand flat in the y « North Eft of the Tdwne, 

Ex libro Fulcardi Monachi Eccl. Chrifti Cantuar. queiii 
fcripfit rogante Aldredo Archiepifcopo Ehor. 

Ahbas de Swina invitatus ad anmverjarlum diem S. Joannii 
de Beverlaco i Brithuno AbbaU Beverfacenfi. 
Monialis quadam de Efch. 
Ketellut Gulielmus, qui & Ketellus diBus^ cterlcus S. Joannis Be- 
jer^ftfyUfVtrl^cenGiSjJcrifJit Ubelktm de mtracuHs .V. Joannis. & confe- 
mt #4 /rf#- cravit ofujculum Th. frafofto [ejufdem^ e cujus hheUo Fol- 
ksMtttm- chardus multa defumpflt. 

f0r4,9nM». Dejiru£ia urie Ebor, dr f|r/V vicinis a Qui. Baftard & 
ejuf exercitu^ multi confu^eruntBty^rl^cum tauquam ad afylum, 
Sed Gul. rex & ejus exercitus miraculo cuiufdam militis Nor- 
manni deterrlti Beverlacenfes intaBos reliquerunU 

iEthelftanus rex afylum Beverlaci infiituit. Deira claudiM 

Derwenta J7«. ilwmoro fiu. dr mare U. mari] orient. 

Robertus de Stutevilla dominus de Cotingham temf. Stepb^ 

Adfutus erat titro Folcardi liter incerti auBoris^ fed vtrL 

utvidetur^ EboT.de rebus ab Ethelftano Beverlaci ^^/y, & u 

mhracults 2>. Joannis a tempore Gul. Conqueftoris. 

Taken out of a RoBe at Mafier Garters. 

Pol. 100. 

Clarence*. 

. . Duke de Clarence^ Counte de Rkhemtfntj Signioi* d^s Ifles de 

Rtcbemom. Q^^^py g^ Cxiw/iy, & Graunt Chaumbrelaine dcj^le Terre. 

Gloceftre. 
Duk de Gloceflre^ Coneftable & Admiral de Angleterre^ & 
Gardein de Wefte Marches devers Efcojfce. 

Norfolk. 
Duke de Norfolk^ Counte Marefchal de Warein^ Surrey & 
de Notingbamt Graund Marchal d* Angleterre^ Signior de 
Moubray^ de Segrave^ & Gower. 



fi Of late was buried ther. The Freiers drc St. $ In 
the Quire by Hajlinges. B. y L. in the North End of the 
Tovone. 



I North Ead of. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. loj 

Bukhgham. 
Duke de Bukinghapfy Countedc Stafforde^ Herford^ Nortl:- 
€tmpton & de Verche^ Signior de Brckenok^ de Kembalton & Kembal- 
d^Tunhridg. 

RlversM 
Counte Rivers Signior de Scales & de Nudes, & Gover- 
nour de Ifle de tP7g%t. 

Nicolaus Upton Legulejus, Canonicus Sarum & Wellenfis NicoJiui '5 
Ecclefta^ dedicdvit Humfrido duct Gloceftriae volumen de r^Up'w>* 
militari div'ifum in quatuor lihos feu * fartes. Ultimo autem 
libro tra^ahat de Armis five Infignshis iUuJlrlum Virorum 
AngliaE:. 

Stilus Humfridi Ducis ibidem* 
Filius^ frater, ^fatruuffue Regum^ Dux Gloceftrise, Comes 
Penbrochiae, Mag. Camerarius Angiiae. 

T^efe Thinges folowing I lemid of the Vtcar or Verfon poL tor, 

<>/Corbridge ijf/ Newcaftel. 

Corhidg about a xi* Miles from Newcajlette: But to go 
to it the next way from Durefme it is not paft a i5. or 
1 8. Miles. 

Corbridge is on the fame Ripe of Tme that NeiD Cajlette is. 

The Chirch of Corbridge is dedicate onto S* Andre. 

The Perfonage was ons impropriate to the Priory of 7/»- 
mouth, fins by Exchaunge to CatrlueL 

The Toune at this tyme is fill meanely buildid. 

The Names of diverfe Stretes that hath beene there yet 
hath Names, as old People there teftifie, and jgreat Tokens 
of old Foundations be yet founde there, ana alfo Numtf- 
mata Ro- 

The Stone Bridge that now is at Corbridge over Tine is 
larg^ but it is fet fumwhat lower apon Tine then the olde 
Bridg was. 

Ther be evident Tokens yet fecine where the olde Bridg 
was, and theraboute cummith downe a t)raty Broke on the 
fame Side that « that*' the Toun is on, and hard by it, and 
goit into Tine. I thing verely that this Broke is cauUid 
Corve^ though the Name be not welle knowen there, and ^^/^^ ^^ 
that tne Toune berith the Name of it. 



« Deefi Sr. 



I Partes . . . nlciiAo» Leyland. in ukimo B. 2 Fatruut Regum. 

Vol. f. O By 



Moun- 
boucher. 

Rudham. 



io6 ICELAND'S ITINERARY; 

By this Broke as cmong the Ruines of the olde Town is 

a Place caullid Colectfler^ wher hath beene a Forteres or Ca- 

ftelle. The peple there fay that ther dwellid yn it one Totw^ 

whom they fable to have beene a Gygant. 

There is no Bridge on Tjme^ as I remembre, bytwixt N«>^- 

ft^,^ cafielle and CorMdge. 

^^* As far zs I can percey ve by the Boke of the Life of S. Ofiphf 
Colebridge. jhg Martyr Colehige is alwav put ther for Corbridge. 
FoL loi. There appere Ruines of Arches of aStone Bridge over ^w 

River, at Caftellelongging to theErlc of If^J?- 

merlofid a ^. Miles lower on the Ryver tnen ^orbridge. 

* ttC^/fchaceBridgof on3J»^. 

Mounhofpcher was a Man of fair Landes in Northumhrelande: 
^nd Doftor Davelle told me that the Hofpitale yn Nemafici 
hach yet Landes of his Giftc. 

The "Rudkams were Men of fair Landes in Kortbumhrelande 
about TyUe Ryver, ontyl one of them having to Wife one of 
of the Humframville Doughters killid a Man of Name, and 
thereby loft the principale of ^oo. » Markes Laudes by i ere. 
So that at this Tyme Rudham of Northumhreland is but a 
Man of mene Landes. 

Hafilr'jg o( ^NorthamptonJI/t/ hath about a yo. //. Lande in 
Northumbrcland and Efelington^ wher is a pratie Pile yis"" 
Hafiirigges^ and one of the Colinwooddes dwellith now in k^ 
and hath the ^ mother Site of his Landes. 

The Ryver of Tame rifith a lo. Miles by South Weft with- 
in the Land^ and cummith into V/ne aboute a Mile above 
Geti/Ijed^ ana not far byneihe Ravenfworth Caftelle. 

Tarjet Caftelle Ruines in Northufnbreland hard by North 
Tyne long now to the Lord Bsrow. 
There was one of the Grays of Northumhrelande a Man of 
fiau/Adui'ffc^it Brute in the Tyme of Ed-warde the 4. that was {ufoeft 
ttrii cum ^vith the Queue of Scottes of Adulterie. Wherapon he bey- 
Jtegtna sco- -^^g accufid of & Gcutilman of Scottelaod cam with a Band, 
as it is faide, of a 1000. Men to Edinghrdw^ and there cafte 
down his Glove to fight in the Liftes with his Accufer : but 



TAme Ry- 



Tarfet Cl- 
fiel. 

Gray fuf- 



ti«. 



H Chtpchace Bridge on TyneB. fi Mr. Burton hatb drawn 
a Line under this Word and written in the Margin over 'agatnfl 
it Leicefterfhire of Noufeley. y L9ge of. ^ L. iho Over 
fie of his Landes. 



I Uukc Landes. % oyerfite* 



he 



LJRLANiyS ITINERARY. lo? 

he departid witbowte fighteting ; yet was it fuppofid. That 
Gray was not accufid therof withoute a Cawfe. Herhtt^ 

The Herhtelles Landes in Northumheland^ that was a tjoo. The DiT?- 
Markes by the Yere, cam of late Dayes to a. Doughcers, fion of th< 
wherof the one was marled to Syr Thomas Per^j^ that was Her^telkt 
for Treafon han^id at Tthurne. The other was maried to Lande*. 
Fitton of Chefterjhir. Mr. Do<2;or Davel told me that the 
Limes of the Bisflioprike oiDurefme goith bevond the Mouth 
on Darwent up apon lY^te even to the Parocn of BytouH. 

A Pile or Caftelet at Bowes on Watheltng Screate. • ^\^ 

The DaveUes cam owte of Normandie^ and fins they have foI. io^. 
be Men of greate PoffelTions yn the North Partes of England, d<^o«^ -d* 
But they cam in Edwarde the z. tyme to Decay and Ruine. '^^*^' 
For the chief of the Davelles^ that was Syr IJffm Davel/e 
and Syr Hugh Davelle^ both Barons (as Mr. Doctor Davelie 
fayith, but fufficiently to me provid not,) toke Thomas Earle 
oi Lanca^iT and the Barons Part agayne Edvarde the i. and 
Teter Gavefton^ wherapon DaveBes Landes were attaintid 
and fparkelid. 

I Yet remainid of the Name 4. or 5. younger Br ethern, that 
after got meane Landes : and one of them after in Defcent 
confumid a 100. //♦ Landes by the Yere in Notinghamjbire in 
mere Hauking and Hunting. 

There j^et remayne meene Gentilmen of the name. 

The principal Land and Habitation of the DaveUes was 
about FontefraSe in Torkejhire, 

Much of the Gafioynes Lande and the Landes of Truewkft^ 
alias Turwity of LincohJIjirj longid to thd DaveUes. 

The Name of the Originale Houfe of the DaveUes yet re- 
mainith yn Normandie aboute the Partes, as I have heard, of 
Alaunfun. 

Roger HThorton the great riche Marchaunte of NewcaJIe lie 



tt In Mr. Stowes T>anfcrtpt there is this Addition in the 
Margir^ v'xt^ This Thornton was at the fyrft very poore, 
and, as the People report, was a Pedler, and ot hym to 
this dav they renerfe this Ryme : 

3tt at t\t {Deftgflte Cime Thonton [r. Thornton w Thorton] (tl 
Il9it4 a t^aptien l^apt ixi a ISamd Slipnn. 
li. Mr, Scowe's Tranfcrlp 'tis T^ritten htre^ and hdow^ Thorn- 
ton. 



I yet reraanid. 

Ox in 



ii6 LELAND^S ITINERARY, . , 

In the Dales of Urchementjbire they 
There is Plenty of good buraeLinge, Petes and Turffes. 
tone to be fquarid in very In Places where the^ cutte downe 
lany Places of Richemont- Linge good Grade fpringith for the 
fr#. The Shire hath Plenty Catel for a Yere or ii. ontil the Ling 
F Tyllage. overgrow hit. 

There be no Cole Pitttes in Rlcife^ 

mont\ yet the Eaftarly Partes of Kschemontjblre burne much 

Se Coles brought owt of Dyrhamjhlre. 

N.B. 

The Lorde Conyes hathe a Caftell in Richemontfhire 
caulLyd Horneby, and ther is his ufuall Dwellvnge. 

The Lord Latimer hathe a goodly place at dinnington in 
Blake more not far from Ripon. 

. The Striklands hathe a fayre Maner place at Thornton 
Bridge ai. Myles from Ripon. Stanford bridge a ^.Myles 
or 6. by Eft to Yorke toward Kyrkham priorie. Where 
the Danes faught. 

Wrefhil a very fayre and mynion Caftle of the Peris fum 
tyme fet on Darwent. 

Mowgrene Caftle not far from Whitby fomtyme long- 
ynge to Bygot Mountfcrrant Caftte not fair from Getering- 
ton Maft: Bigots place. 

The Hedde Howfe of the Metcalfes is cawlyd Knapper 
Caftle in Richemountfliire. 

Myllam Caftle in Richemountfliire bathe many great Co- 
modities of r^dde Dere and fallow. 

The very figure of Horsfliois appere in Stones nere the 
Piftes Waulle. 
- A Marchaunt Man of Norwyche made halfe the Wall of 
orwiche Norwiche. 

From Higham ferres to Bedford by Pafture and Come 
grownd a lo Myles. 

The Lymes betwixt Northamptonfhire and Bedford was 
in the Wav a 4. Myles from Higham ferrars in the Way 
toward Beaforde. 

Newenham a Howfe of Chanons a Myle benethe Bedford 
apon the Ryver. 

Ther be many Holmes otherwyfe litle Ifles in the river 
betwixt Bedforde and Newham. 

Newenham Abbey was tranflatyd from S. Paules in Bcd-j 
ford. 



H[B. what follows tQ the End of this Volume is fuoplicd from Stowc 

s. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY." k)9 

MorUy of Morpath wis ons Lord of Wercwortb Caftel on li^ ♦ 
mCoket Moutk. 

Dr. Davel told me. That Antony de Bek buildid or re- 
newid Kenjington^ as he hath hard, and gave it to King or 
Prince. He buildid Durefme Place in UmJon. 

Fol. 107,108,100,110, 1 1 1. 1 IX. vacant. 
Rickemont Towne is waullid, and the Caftel on the River Fol. 115, 
Side of Swale is as the Knot of the Cumpace of the Waulle. ficbumni 
In the Waul be iii. Gates. Frenchegate yn the North Parte '* P*^***- 
of the Towne, and is the moft occupied Gate of the Towne. 
Finkel-fireate Gate, Bargate. al iii. be downe. *- Vejiigjia yet 
remayne. In the Market Place is a large Chapel of the 7r/- 
filte. the Cumpace of the ruinus Waulles is not half a Mile 
abowt. So that the Towne Waulle cumpafith litle but the 
Market Place, the Howfes about hit and Gardens behind 
them. There is a Suburbe withowt Frencke Gate. Fmkei^ 
Jlreat Suburbe ftrayt Weft from the Marketplace and Bar^ 
gate Suburbe. But Frenckgate Suburbe is almoft as bygge as 
bothe the other Suburbes. In Frenckgate Suburbe is the Pa- 
roch Chirch of al the hole Towne. A litle beyonde the 
Ende of Frenckegate-Jireate is, or was, a late a Cnajpel of a 
Woman Anachorete. Bargate Suburbe cummith down to 
the Bridge Ende of Swa/e^ the wich Bridge is fumtime 
chaynid. A this fide the Bridge is no Building. In this Sub- 
urbe is a Chapel of S. James. At the Bakke of the Frenck^ 
fate is the Grey Freres, a litle withowte the WauUis. Their 
lowfe, Medow, Orchard, and a litle Wood is waullid yn. 
Men go from the Market Place to hit by a Pofteme Gate. 
There is a Condude of Water at the Grey Frereres, els there 
is none in Rickemont. Not far from the Freres Waul is a 
Chapel of S. Antony. Al The Towne and Suburbes be on 
the tiarther Side of Swale. 

The Caftel is nere hand as much yn Cumpace as the Cir- 
cuite of the Town Walle. But now it is in mere Ruine. 

The Celle of S. Marttne is on the hither 1 Side [of Swale 
litle more then a thowfand Fotte from the Frencke-Gate 
Suburbe.] 

Midlekam apon Ure River rtpa eUe^ 
rlori is a Market Tounne, and is kept Mdlebam longgid to the 
on Twefiay. The Toune it felf is Et\q oiWarwike. Rtckard the 



Sic Aut. Cokellmouth B. 



I $de of Swale liclc more then [a chowfaod focte (rom the Frenclie Gate Subarbe.] 

fmawlc. 



iio LELAND'S ITINERARYX 

iii. liv at it, 2nd coUegiatid fmawle, and hath but one Parodie 
the Cfbirch there. ButHemy Chirch. Ichathbeene^ as fum weiiC| 
the vii. toke the new College a Collegiate Chirch. Tne Paiibn irrec 
Land awaye. caullid > the Demt of Midleham. The 

Toun is fet on a Hille Side. The greate 
Hi! above hit more then a Mile of is cawllid Pembi/^ taid is 
councid the hieft Hille of Bichemontjbire. iSdlehmm Caftel 
joynith harde to the Toun Side, and is the faireft Caftel of 
Rubemontjbhre next BqIUh^ and tne Caftel hath a Parke by bic 
cauiiid Sonskue^ and a nother cawllid Weftfrnrky and the third 
caullid Gdunelejfe half a Mile of. Wefflfarke and GsMmleffe be 
wel woddid. 

There is at the Eft Ende of MldUkam a litle Hofpital with 
a Chapel of Jefus. 

» 
The Houfes of thefe two Venfele is a litle poore Market m 
Tounnes be partly llatid, rrfa ]itfers<nre Uri. It ftandidi not fiur 
partly thakkid. from the Weftfarke Ende of MidUhm. 

Grenton is a litle Market Towoe 
r/fa c/ter. SuaU a vi Miles Weft above lUcbtmamf. 

The Market is of Come and Linyn Qoth for Men of 
S'jadale^ the wich be much ufid in digging Leade Owre. 
On eche fide of Suadale be greate Hilles where they digge, 
Litle Corne^growith in Suadale. 

Keterik Bridge fclf hath but one Houfe as an Yn. 

Keterik Towne is a Mile lower in citer. tipa Swalx. It i| 
now a very poore Towne, and is half a Quarter of a Mile 
from the River Side. At Keterik is now no Market. Ther is 
a Place cawllid Keterik Swart or Sa?ide$ hard by Keterik 
Chirch, and ther about be quadam indicia of olde Buxldinges^ 
and Digginges of » old fquarid ftones. 
Pol. X 14. Richemtmt Caftel. 

KiUarbj Caftel Ruine in rifa eiter. SuaU about a iii. Miles 
beneth Keterik Bridge. Ir m longgid to the C$nyeux. 
fUmtbj Horne^ Caftel a iii. Mile^ from Suale^ and a ii. Miles 



m- IdnggiJ] I have let this word ftand, tho' there be a line 
drawn through it in the Orig. and that too, I think, by 
Mr, Leland's own hand. 



t The Dcane. 2 olde fquarid. 

Scuth 



L' ELAND'S ITINERARY. tit 

South from Keterik, and iii. Miles ' North Weft from MJle- *•'?* , 
taw apon Ure. ihc Lord 

*Snafe a goodly Caftel ip aValley longing to the Lorde La^ anim. 
ttmer^ and ii. or iii. PaHres welle woddid abowt hit. It lathe 
is his chefe Howfc, and ftondith a ii. Mile from Great \^^^P^ 
Tanfild. \ a"" 

Great Tanfelde^ wher is a Caftel on Tanfelde Caftel longgid to 
a Banke longging to the Lorde Farre^ the Lord Marmion^ and fo 
and ftondith on Vre. cam to the 3 Fstxiughs* 

Bolton a very fair Caftel in SuaJale 
ftonding on a Balk, and underneth is a litle Broke. It is 
within a Mile of the farther Side of Vre Water, and ( as I 
lernid) a iiii. Miles from Suale. It is the chefelt Howfe of 
the Lor^e Scrope. Ther is no Toune hard 4 by it. TVevJla litle . 
Market is a ii. Miles of by Eft. 

Ravenfwathe CafteWn a Mares Grounde and a Parke on a 
•8 litle 5hangging Ground by hit. It is a iii. Miles by North 
weft from Ricbemont^ and therby is a praty Village. The 
Lord Parre is Owner therof. and by hit cummith a Bekke 
caullid Ravenjwath Bekke. 

There appere great Ruines in a Valley of a Howfe or a 
litle Caftel at Alhuch Village, and thereby rennith a Bekke* 
It ftandith a ii. Miles South from Ferfe Bridg on Tefe. 

There appere Ruines of like Build- 
inges at CawdeweUe Village a ii. Miles Cawdewel is fo caullid of a 
Wc&fromj^lifurcge. litle Fcnr, or Spring, by the 

And betwixt thes two Villages ap- Ruines of the olde Place, and 
pere diverfe Hillettes caft up by Hand, fo rennith into a Bekke h'alf a 
and many Diches, wherof fum be fillid Quarter cf a Mile of. This 
With Water, and fum of the Dikes ap- Bekke rennith thens to -^7- 
pere ^abowt S. John's^ that is Paroch Surcg^ and a v. Miles 7 of to 
Chirch to both the aforfaid Villages. Tefe^r/pa dter. fi^ThisTeferi^ 
The Dikes and Hilles were a Campe fiih [in a Marifhe about a 
of Men of Warre, except Menne ii. Myle Southe Weft above 
mighte think they were of Ruines cf CaldweO,'} 
fum old [ Towne, The] more 9 likeli- 
hood is that it was a Campe of Men of Warre. 

I ' * L. litle h'tU'iTtg Ground, fi This Tefe rlfith] L. This Bek rl- 

' fab. 



I Norcb Weft from Bedal. Midleham apon Ure. 2 Parke* by Snape. 
I Finhogh. 4 by hit. 5 hilling Ground, fi.abowte. 7 of into THe. 
i Thii Bek rifith in a Marisk about [a i. Myle] Southe [Well above Cald- 
well ] 9 likelyhod. 
: ' Syr 



iix LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Syr Jamti Metca/f h^th a very goodly Howfe cauUid Ndff& 
in IVcTifcdale. Wenfedale and tne Soile about is very Hilly, 
and berith lide Come, but norifith many Beftes. Wenfedsle^ 

as fum fay, taketh Name of Wenfele Market. For Wemfele 

ftandith on the hither Side of Urej and 

FeMMones Men of If^enfedale. ftraite on the farther Side beginnith 

JVenfidale. 
Nappe is abowt a vii. Kliles Weft from Venfela Market, 
but communcly it is cauUid No CafteL 

B'tsjbops Dale lying by Vre in rips 
Blsjhops Dale longith to the clter. and conteining a forte of greate 
King,and ya the Hillcs about Felles with Dere Tiyth South Weft 
hit be Reade Deer. In faire within a Quarter of a MiJe of Nappe, 
WincersrheDeerekepethere, So that this Dale lieth upward Wefte 
in flirap Winters they for- betwixt the upper Partes of Ureia/^ and 
fake the extreme Colac and Sualedale. 

Barennes of them. Mr. BowU hath a litle Howfe a iiii. 

Miles Northward from Keterik. 
Mr. CuftHiers of Maske hath a faire Place at Maske Village 
within a Quarter of a Mile of Swale rtpa ulter. ii. Miles be 
Weft from Richemont. 

S. Henry Gafcoyne dwellith at a prety Place caullyd Sedbyri 
having a prety Parke, and a litle Lake in hit. It is a iii. 
Miles be North from Richemoja. 

Mr. Tudfey hath a Place at Barforde an Arow Shot from 
Tefe in rtpa citer. and is a vi. Miles beneth Bamardes Caftel. 
Mafter Bokeby hath a Place caullid Martham a litle beneth 
Grentey Bridge almoft on the Mouth of Grentey. 

M. Frank of Knightton hath a preti Place caullid Knigtton 
V. Miles North from Bichemont. 

Wtdif^L meane Gentilman dwellith at a litle Village caul- 
lid mdif, 

[They] ky that John Tf^clif Harettcus « [was borne at Spref- • 
wel a poore Village a good Myle from Richemont.'} 

^^ 1 11". Abhayes and Priories on Suale. 

V. a Miles above RIchemont. Marik a Priory of Blake Nunnes of 
Crrenton is a Mile above Marik. the Foundation of the Askes. It ftond- 

ith ripa ulter. 
Syr Rafe Bowmer hath a Place at Marlk 3 Toun ftonding 

I r^as borne at Sprefwc]! a poor 7iI[Iage a ^od Myle from Ridiemooe.] 
a Mile. 3 Towne. 

on 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. nj 

on a Hillc Side half a Mile from the Priori ftonding in a 
Botom. 

EUerton^ ab alms diBum^ a Priori of White clothid NunnesMontcIuB 
ftonding in a Valle in rifa citer. a Mile bcneth Marik 'PriorySifitrt'^fi'* 

S. Martines Priori a Celle to S. Mart Abbay of Torke im 
ripa citer* a litle beneth Richemontm 

S. Agathes an Abbay of White Chanons ripa ulter. a litle 
beneth S. Martines, The » Lorde ^crcif^e was Founder there* 

UrivalUs Afon Ure. mi 

Gervalx Abbay of White Monkes Lord J»iiarr»/«wi was the firfte 
r/pif dteriori a ii. Miles beneth ^rf/e- Founder, whofe Landes cam 
ham* to the FitzhugheSj and fo to 

Afon Cover. the Parres. 

Coverham a Howfe of White Cha- There was good finging in 
nons in rifa ulter. fcantc ii. Miles from Coverham. 
Middleham by Weft, 

Apon Skel. 

Fontaines Abbay of White Monkes yn BJchemontJhir. 
Apon Tcfe. 

JEgleJlon^ citer. ripa^ a Priory of White Chanons, a Mile 
beneth Bamardes Caftel that is on the farther Ripe. About 
a Quarter of a Mile beneth JEglefion is a faire Quarre of Blak Virium 
Marble fpottid with White, in the very Ripe ot Tefe. Mirmor. 

Ther is no Collegiate Chirch in Rickemontjhire. 

Ther be ii. Deaneris Ketertk and Richemont. 

The Archidiaconry of Richemont hath goodly Revenews, 
and hath a peculiar Jurifdiftion in Richemontjhire as exemptc 
from the Bisfliop. 

Torevalx Abbay of White Monkes. 

Munnemonketon on Nidde. 

Rivers of Name in Richemontihire. 

Gretey cummith by a Village cawUid 
Barningam in citer. ripa^ wherdwellith The Bafningams in times 
a meaneGentUmanMannecawUidBtfr- paft had great Landes; 
ningam. Thens to Gretej Bridg about By Gretey Bridge is a Park 
ii. Miles, where be aliquot diverforia. of the Lord Scropes caullid 
Thens to Mortham^ Mr. Rokeshj Place, !Brignel Parke, Latini ^brevis 
in ripa citer. fcant a Quarter ot a Mile Mons. 
from Gretey Bridge, and not a Quarter 
of a Mile beneth into Tefe. 

IVtske River cummith thorowg JPIsk tridg^ wher is no 



t Lord. » belliu Motu. 

Vol. f. P Howling, 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. n? 

Mr.Keterik dwrflith at » Stanewich having a preaty Place. 
It is half a Mile Eft from Cawdewelle Village, wher is fcenc 
the Campe of Men of Warre. 

Tefe fene k fontihus^ and fo cumming downe by gefle a The Umct 
xviii. Miles r$pa citertm devidith Ricbemontjhlff from the^N*^"*** 
Bisfhoprike. 

Wiske Bridge a iii. Miles i rlfa citer. of Tefe devidith HUhe- 
montjhire from CUveland, 

There is a Place an viii. Mile plaine Richemwtjbinlnth harde ap- 
Weft from BowtSj {Bovis is viii. Miles on the Borders of Cravenland. 
almoft fill Weft from JR/Vi&«w(w/Toun) Part of Tari/btre and Craven 
a Thorough-fare in lUchemotJhlre cawl- liy th South Wefte from Biche* 
lid Maiden Cafiel^ where is a greate montjhire. 
roimde Hepe a (fo. Foote in Cumpace 
of rude Stones, fumfmaul, fumbygge, ^.nAhtktinformam 
fyramidis ; and yn the Toppe of them al ys fet one Stone in 
fonum^ beyng a Yard and a naif in lenghth. So that the hole 
may be countid an xviii. Foote hy. and ys fet on a hillc in 
the very Egge ;of Stanemore. Ana this is a limes betwixt 
Bichemontjhire and Weflmerlande. 

A Qujircer of a Mile North from Maiden Cafiel is a Bck 
that goith into T^Je. 

Arkengarth dale liith moft up North, and bereth fum 
Bygge and Otys, litle or no Woodde, and is devidid from 
Sualedale by a Bekk caullid after the Dale. 

Sualedale litle Cor ne and much Greffe, no Wodd but Linge, 
and fum Nutte Trees, the Woodde that they brenne their 
Leade is brought owte of the Parte of the Shire, and owt of 
Dirhamjbir* 

Uredale veri litle Corne except Bygg or Otes, but plenti- 
ful of Grefle in Communes. 

Coverdale is worfe then Sualedale or Urefdale for Corne, -- 
and hath no Woode but about tCaverham Abbay. 

Blsfljops Dale liyth right Weft at the 
Vtcdde o{ Ce^erdale more m into JVeJf* There is a praty Car or 
merldnd having no Corn but Deere. Pole in Blsjhofs Ddle^ 
In thefe Dales and the greate Hilles 
alboiite them is verylitle or noWoodde. 

The hole Cuntery of Richemontfljire The jbefte Woddes liyth 
by Efte from the tiylles and Dales ys be Eft of Su^ile and Vre Ri- 
plentiful of Whete, Rye and meately vers. 
good Medowes and Wooddes. 



I Supewiche. & Coveram Abbay. 3 beHe Wooddet. 

P 7, Thero 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 117 

S.Paules was a Howfe of Prebendaries afore the Con- 
queft. 

One Symon de Bello-campo chauneyd them by a new 
Foundation to Chanons reguler the wniche in the fecond 
Priors tyme were tranflatyd to Newenham. 

In Bedford be 7 paroche Chirchis 3 in the Southe parte Bedfeid 
of Ufe, and 4 on the Northe Syde, with a place of Grey 
Friers. 

Bedford 20 myles from Bukyngham and 10 Myles from 
Huntingdon. 

From Bedford to Luton a Market towne in Bedfordfhire 
12 Myles, mofte by Corne ground fomwhat hillye chalkey 
Soyle. 

In the hve way I faw hard on eche fyde ? longe trenches, 
as they had bene for Men of warre. 

From Luton to S. Albons 8 Miles by woody and encIoArd 
ground; to Barnet 10 myles and other 10 to London lyke 
Sojjle. By Barnet is a Comer of Henfeld'Chafe. 

Syr Thomas Kiriell was prifoner in Fraunce, and that, 
longe aftar that He cam home to Libertye He maryed one 
Chicheleys Chamberlaine of London's Doughtar caulyd Eli- 
zabethe. This Chicheley dwellid in Hartelane in a fyde 
of Towre Strete, where now is the Bakers Hawle. Chicne- chicheley 
ley was Brothar to Chycheley Archbyfhope of Cauntorbery. 
aftar Kyryell had this Howfe by the right of Elizabethe his 
Wyfe, Kyryell had no Children by Hir^ aftar his death e 
She was maried unto Ser Rafe Afcheton Knyght Marciale, 
and he beinge deade She was thirdly maryed to Ser John 
Bourcher Uncle to the laft Erie of the Bouchers of Eflex, 
She had nevar Childe. Edward Poynings made pade with 
Boucher and Elezabethe to have Oftanger_aftar theyr Dearhe 
and to enter into it « they lyuynge paiet then Cheche- 
leyne of London had 24 Children Werewike Village Werewilw 
wnerby is Werewicke bridg nuly mad apon 4 old arches, vUlage 
apon Eydon by the coftes of Maftar Ricnemont Marchant 
of London, It ftondithe on Eydon river 3 miles above 
Garluel. 
There be ? partes in Tame towne. Tame 

Old Tame in the way from the Churche, toward but not 
full to the Market Steele. 

The Market Stede and the fayreft parte of the towne to- 
ward London way is cawlyd new Tam?. 



# f. They leaving paiement till then. 

The 



lis LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

The ^ is Preftes ende toward the Churche and bridge tb^ 
ward Hafeley. 

There be % Bayles in Tame and 4 Coneftables, 2. in the 
new Towne, one in the old towne, another in Frefteine. 

The Hed of Kenne Rever. 

It rifethe at Kenmore in a poole fomwhat large about 
a myle in compafe and muche fifhe in it. The Place of 
the Heade and all the Baronye of Kendale is in Weftmor- 
land» and kepithe Sher Courts at Apleby, and byfyde the- 
thar cummythe all Weftmerland. 

a 

Kenne nuage and more is a 8 myles flat nothe from Ken- 
dall on the way to Perithe, and ther is a Chapell longynge 
as a parte onto Kendale Paroche. Kentmore haul GHlpins 
howie. The firft parte of the river defcendithe in betyxt 
a hilles. New bridge x miles lower of tymber. Then to 

b 
Barley a fmaule of Stone bridge in Staneley hamlet a myle 
lower, Thens a myles to bowftone bridge of Stone, then 
to Bumeflyde a myle wher the Bellenghams dwell and is 
of Stone. Then to Kendale a Myle and halfe lower, 
and rennythe thrwghe framen gate bridge of Scone havynge 
8 or 9 arches, and the Paroche Churche by Eft is towchid 
with this .ryver, and thens a quartar and more of a myle 
it goythe to Necherbridge of Scone of ^ or 4 arches ftand- 

I'nge playne efte toward Yorke, and thens 4 or 5 miles to 
enenbriage of Stone and then to , 

KeacUIe Gates notable as waves but not 

defenfible. Scricland Gate to Stricland Village North-ward 
Framangate named of the Bridge. Kyrkegace. the greatyflb 
Stret lyethe Northe and Southe. Pronte river goithe into 
Ken ry ver a myle above framangate Bridge. Ther longithe 
about a 50 Chapells and Hamlets to the hedd Chirche of 
Kendale. The Parfonage was inpropriate to S.Mari of Yorke. 
The Caftle is by Eft nalfe a quarter of a Myle from tho 
towne. 



The End of the Fifth Volume of 
Mr. L E L, A N d's Itinerary. 



A Letter 



»9 



A Letter containing an Account of 
fome Antiquities between Wind- 
sor and Oxford. 



B 



Sir, 
$•1* ""if"^ EING fb happy as to enjoy your CenverJa^rheOeat: 
thn about an Hour three Years bnce, amongft fion of tbii 
other Things, you were pleas'd to mention ^'"^*«» 
fome Ohfervatlons you had made in your 
' Journey hct^QtnWindfw %\i^ this? lace. Some 
of them agreecl in a great meafure with thofe which I had 
made fometime before, and for that reafon you defir'd me 
to write to you, as foon as I had znyffare timey a fliort Ac* 
count of them, that you might confider them at your JLw- 
fure^ and remitt them into your Nvtes of the other Counties 
of England. In complyance therefore with your Requefi^ X 
fend you what my memory at prefent fuggefts to me. toge- 
ther with feveral Oc^ajwnal Remarks and JtefleEHons^ which as 
they cannot but be kindly received by a Perfon of your 
known Candour and Humanity fo I am very fenfible that 
they will receive divers valuaiu Improvements trora that large 
Stock of Materials which you have 'been laying together 
with great Diligence and equal Skill for the fpace of feveral 
Tears. 

§. %. The firft Tlace you told me you ftopp'd at^ sk^tteshraki a riAm 
after you left Winifor^ was a little Village utuated near windfir. An^ 
about fix Miles from it, czlVi Shottesbrooke^ or, as ceilcntMs.oftheoId 
I find it written in the old Valor Beneficsorum^ Sot- J>^'',*'"f^f'''«^- A 
tesirookem; which Valor was made about the ijth. ^L,& '^* 
Year fi of King Edward the Firft's Reign, and we 
have an excellent Copy 'of it in the Bodlejan Library, 
which was written mucn about that time, and formerly be- 
long'd to Sir Henry Sfelman. In this Vlace you informed mc 



# Sateshoc in Domes-day Book; but Sckoteshroke in the J?* 
nfiJenfes I fliall mention by and by. fi See Ranulfb. Cefirienf. 
fut an. pom. mcclxxxxx, ij.Ea.L 

you 



no Alt Account offome AMtlfuitief 

you faw nothing hardly worth remarking, but feme RemM$ 
of a fmall Religious Houfe^ concerning which however you 
faid you had not found any thing of note, either in printei 
or written Books, but that it's Valuation before the 'DiJJolu^ 
tioTtj according to the Tables of Mr. William Burton^ the JLej^ 
cefierjhire Antiquary, (printed in Mr. Speed's Hiftory of JS)sy- 
land) and Sir William DugJale, or rather Mr. Roger Doaf- 
worthy (printed in the firft Volume of the Manafiicon Angli- 
canum) was 3^/. its. %d. and that the Learned ur.Tanner in 
his Notitia Monafiica^ p. 7, 8. tells us, that the Original WriP- 
ings relating to this Flace were then {An. mdcxci v.) in the 
Hands of W i l l i am Cherry, Efq^ Lord of the Ma- 
nour of Shotteshrooke, 

§. 3. Now as to what Dr. Tanyser has faid con* 

Dr.Tji»»ir hascora- kerning thofe Writings^ upon Inquiry about nine 

^^lu'ccKS: Years fmce, I found it to be a ^j^*i., moft of 

relating to this c»i- them bemg then m the Hands of Mr. Stephen Ed- 

Ugei moft of which wards of l^ite Waltham^ who procur'd them by his 

were in MDcxciv. in ^g^j. Relation to the Weldons (to whom the Lands 

2^ S^4rl t£ ^f ^^^ College of Shotteshrooke once belonged,) and 

irc fince come to he was afterwards pleas'd to communicate ieveral 

Francis Cherry, of them to me, which are fince (by Mr, Edward^s 

Bfq. Leave and Permifllon) come into the Hands of 

Francis Cherry, Efq. Son to the faid Mr. William 

Cherry. I have got a Tranfcript of moft of them by 

me, and they will be of ufe hereafter to fuch Perfins as have 

Courage and Refolution (and are withal qualify'd with Jjearn" 

ing^ Judg;ment and Indufiry ) to undertake the Publication of 

another Volume of the Monajlicon. 

§• 4- From thefe Writings it appears that Su Jf7/- 

tU of Sh0ttesh09ks , (Couhn-German to Sir Wtlltam 3>ir^//,Kmght,who 

with the State thereof pronouncM the Sentence of Depoption againft King 

•till the i6th. year of Edward IL «) in the year mcccxxxvii. being the 

King Richad II. ^ith. year of the Reign of King Edward IIL found- 

ed here a College and Chanterie for one Warden^ five Friefis 

or Chaplains ^^ and two Clerks^ appropriating thereto tne 

Church of Shottes^ooke by Virtue of AfoftoHcal Letters. 

This College, with the Church and Chanterie^ was dedicated 

to St. John Baptifi^ and Sir William took care to have it 

fufSciently endowed ; but having continued for fome Years, 

K See Knighton's Hift. de Eventibus Anglia^ at the End 
'^^^^jf'^'^'"'^ II. Alfo Grafton s Chron. Stowe's Asmali^ 
^^* A \ A F^^ Rents would bear it there were five marc to 
be adued • but they were not to exceed that Number, 

it 



Between Windfor dnd Oxford. iif 

it was at length reducM to fuch a dephtabU Condition by Fire 
and other Accidents^ that the Friefis and Clerks quite relin- 
quifll'd it, none remaining but Mr. John Bradford the IVdr* 
den. Upon which the faid King Edward^ toward the latter 
End of his Reign, taking thefe D'lfafters into his Royal Con^ 
f deration^ gave Licence for the Improfriathn of the Church 
of Battlefden in Berks to it, which accordingly was done in 
the Year mccclxxx. foon after the King's Death. Other 
BenefaSiions were afterwards made to it, and King Richard 
II. in the ifth. Year of his Reign granted Licence to the 
Warden and College to purchafe new l^ands and Tenements. 

§.5. When I formerly lookM over fome of Mn 
jilhmoWs Fapets in his Mufeum at Oxford, I AM#/f4t«ofMr..ytl*- 
found that he had noted that this Church with the Tn''fl^^yl'^ 
College y^^sfoundcdby Sir JohnTrufell, Kt. (Elder il^lS^JS 
Brother to Sir WilHatn) zndMaud his H^, Daugh- As zUothdr Dai^httr 
ter to Sir William Butler^ Lord of Wemme^ and M4ix4rrt,Her£ff>jfli. 
that they were both buried here. I fuppole this 
Miftake arofc from want of Infpedlion into the Chartularies^ 
whence it plainly appears, that Sir William himfelf was fole 
Founder^ without mention of his Wife as joyntly concerned 
in it, he being at that time, I believe, unmarry'd. And 'tis 
not Sir John and his I-ady^ but Sir William and his Lady^ 
^Sifter to Bdward Butler^ Brother to the abovefaid Sir Wil-^ 
liam) that lye buried here, their Monument^ creded againfl 
the ISlorth Wall of the '^orth Crofs of the Churchy being now 
to be feen. He lyes wrapt up in Lead^ and fhe in Leather 
at his Feet^ as appears from a DefeB in the WalL They had 
Iflue one Son^ nam'd John^ who dy'd Jine frole^ and one 
Daughter^ nam'd Margaret^ Wife to Sir Fouk Femhug^ K^ 
She dy'd in the third year of the Reign of Heftry IV. (-^r 
Dom. Mcccci.) and liKewife lyes bury'd here in the North 
Crofs. For on the PWge oizfai'r Marble Grave-Stone (having 
the Figure of a Lady in the Habit of thofe Times, cut ia 
Mrafs) is the following Epitaph to her Memory : 

3|CV gift bame M a r g a r e t, qal faift ie f emme mt^na 
fiv F . . . Pennbrigg . . . cl^etaiiei:, ptit^ wt lui a X>im 
qoil Oe faime tit pitie, ct metcig* Amen. 

' §. (J. Now tho' the Churchy as well as the Col^ There had been i 

lege of Shottesbrooke^ Was founded by Sir William ^of ^h^^'Th*'^^ 

nufell, (as may likewife in fome mcafure be ga- founded by sir I^fl/I!2 

ther'd from the Figure of the Churchy which is TmfeU. Shttteshftkt 

made in Form of a Crofs^ by way of Allufion to originally taken out 

Sir William's Arms^ which I have feen in feveral ofthePariihof»li»re- 

Manufcripts of Heraldry^ and were formerly paint* "** ' ^^* 

Vol. y. (L <d 



g^l Am Account offime Antiquities 

ed over his Sepulchral Monument^ but have been fince defaced 1 
I fay notwithftanding Sir Wtlliam built both the Church tad 
ColLge) yet here had been a Churchy tho'Tar lefs decent and 
ieauttful^ long before, and therefore he is by no means to 
be reckoned the Original Pounder. This is clear not only . 
from the old Valor BeneficiorumfAMt even ftomDomefd^-Book 



m tut even from Domefday-Book It felf^l By which I alfo 
find that the Church of Ahhof^Walthaniy or Wblie'Wal'' 
tham^ it felf in the time of the Conqueror, when the Sur- 
vey was made, was very fmall, much lefs, I believe, than 'tis 
now, agreeable to the Methods of building the moft early 
Churches, which were nothing near fo magnificent and 
large as afterwards, as may partly appear from the firft Church 
that was built in this Ifle at Glaftenbury. But that the Reader 
himfelf may make his own Remarks I fhall add the Paflages 
that concern not only Shotteshooke^ but Laurence^Waltham 
and IVhlte-Waltham^ as I find chem inlerted in my CoUe&ions 
from Domefday-^ok. 

Alvardus aurlfaher ten. de rege In Benes Hundred Sotef- 
broc. Fater ejus tenult de regtna Eddld. Ti/nc ir modo fro 7, 
hldis. Terra eft 8. car. In aomlnlojunt a. car. & 14. vsllaniy 

f^ 2. cotfcez^ cum 10. car. HI ecclejta ^ z.ferui. 7. McrafraSi. 

Valuit 7. lib. modo 6. lib. 

Rex ten. In domlnlo Walthami Eddld reglna tenult. Tune 

fro 8. hldis. Modo fro nlchllo. Thra eft i6. car* In domlnio 

Juntx.car. ^31. vUlanly ^ 4. cotfcez^ cum 15. car. Hi 4. 

fervi. Silva de lyo. porcis. 

T.R.E, & fofiea valebat 12. lib. modo lo. lib. tamem red" 

diti'f.lib.adpenfam. 

Terra epifcopi Dunelmenfis. In Bener Hund. 

Epifcobus Dunelmenfis ten. de rege WaLTHAM in elemo^ 
[ma. Uluulnus canonlcus tenuit de Heraldo comite. Thne ^ modo 
fro. 3. hldis. Terra efi 6. car. In domlnlo funt 2. ^ 8. villani^ 
& 3. cotfiez^ cum 4. car. Ul 3. fervl^ & l.acr^frati. Silv^ 
de o . fords* 

T. R, E. valebat 60. fol: & fofi 70. [ol. modo 100. folid. 

Terra Ecclefisc de Certefyge. In Beners Hund. 
Abbatia de Certefyg ten. Waltham de domlnlo viSu Me^* 
nackorum. T. R. E. tenult. TUnc & modo fe defend, fro io» 
bidis. Terra efi ix. car. In domlnio funt x. car. & l8. vlUami^ 
eum 10. car* Ui unus fervus^ & ecclefiola^ ^ 9. acr^efrati. 
Silvs do %^forci$. Do ead. topra ten. Tktoldus i. Indmn^ & 

unamt 



Between Windfor imd Oxford. f if 

tt felf. But I could never yet learn when, nor by whom, 
•twas firft founded. In all probability (at leafl: 'tis my opi- 
nion at prefent^ this little Farifh was taken out of the next 
Tarifh caird White^ or rather ^tofs^ Waltham^ lying on the 
Eajl fide of it. In the mofi early Times Farijbes were of a 
large Extent. Afterwards other Churches were taken out of 
them by the Lords of Manours^ and fo the Number of F<f- 
rijhes increasM as the Lords of Manours were willing to ered: 
new Churches'^ which Liiertyw^ fo far indulged and allowM 
as the Lord took care to have a Parochial Mmijler fettled, 
who ihould look after the Souls of the Teofle within fuch a 
PreciTtB as by this new FpunJation obtained the Name of a 
Tarijh. When Lords of Manours undertook fuch Works of 
Piety ^ all the Lands ^ Houfes and Tenements belonging to fuch 
a particular Manour were alotted to the new Churchy and • 
made a difti?^ Parijh from the old one. I take Shottestroake 
to have had it's Rife from fuch an occafion. The King 
having granted it to one of his Favourites (it being Part of 
his Demeafnes^ and held of the Crown by a certain Knighfs 
Serivceti;) in Procefs of Time a Church was eredled, and 
all the Lands appertaining to the Manour were annex'd to 
it, and made a different Fari/h from the Parifli of IVhite^ 
Waltham to which they belonged before. Hence 'tis that 
feveral Pieces of Ground^ as Part of the tJokes^ Part of Mer^ 
lin Fitts^ and fome Lands in Bredcroft and otner Fields^ lye 
in the Midft of White-Waltham Parifli, and are furrounded 
by Lands that are acknowledged and confefs'd to be of the 
PariJIi of White-Waltham^ and yet are always reckoned to be 
Part of the Parijh of Shottesbrooke. Thefe [maU Farcells of 
Land being known at that time, when the Grant was firft 
made from the Crown^ to be Part of the Manour of Shottef- 
trooke^ when the Lord of the Manour came to found and 
ered; a Church the whole Manour was (as ufual) made a Fa- 
rijhj and fo all xhtkfcatter'd Lands have been ever fmce ac*» 
counted as Part of it. 

§. 7. After King Richard II. had given leave to 
the College to purchafe new Lands and Tenements^ I The State of ther#/- 
find nothing more of moment about it in the Char- llSe 't'ln tfe'pij./^ 
tulari's that I have feen and confulted; only I ga- ,/,„. Dr.wiUUmV^rte^ 
ther that it continu'd in ^ flourijhlng State 'till the mwfn^heUStwtinUn. 
time of the jyijjolution of Religious Houfes^ fi and I 



nnam virgatam de ahbate^ e^ ibi hT 2. car. cum a. cotfcez. Tbt. 2*. R* E, 
valebat 8. lib. modo fars ahbatis 6. lib. Turoldi 10. foL « See Appendix 
Nam. I, IL in. iS and I believe the lafl Warden was Dr. William j 

Qj. Throe* « 



tX4 An Account efftme Antlquittes 

believe the laft Warden was Dr. William Throcmorton nwho 
lyes buried in the Church of Shotteshrooke. For feme time 
fince when I viewed and writ down the Bpitafhs here, I 
took notice of a little rais'd Monument againft the Norths 
Wall of the Chancel^ on the Top of which lyes the Figure 
in Alahaftet of a Friefi in his Hahit^ and in tne Middle this 
Epitaph: 
HtXt Ifet!^ William Throcmorton, )dY€ift, IDottOT OC 
3LAS9, late CfatHen of t!^0 CJ^avc^. vol^iti^ Deceffi^D 



Throcmprton, &c.1 But fince the writing of this I find that 
he was not the laft Warden. For I gath'er from a MS. that 
relate? to the Provifion that was made for divers Religious 
Perfons, that were great Sufferers upon the Diflblution, that 
Robert Vere was Warden after him ; tho' it does not appear 
whether he was his immediate fucceflbr or not. This MS. 
is in the hands of the learned Mr. Francis Cherry, 
and is of my own hand writing, having been tranfcrib'd by 
me at my hrft coming to Oxford (tho' at the drawing 
up of this Letter I had forgot that this particular was in it) 
for Mr. Cherry's ufe out of another Tranfcript that had 
been taken from a MS. in the hands of my learned and can- 
did Friend, IPeter Le Neve Efcj; Norroy K. at Arms as 
appears from this Note at the begmning, viz. E Co J. MS. 
penes Petrum le Neve Armig. cut titulus^ Feuda, Annuitates. 
Corrodia, & Penfiones diverfis perfonis pro terminovitse vel 
annorum,velquoufque &c. conceffa per Clerqm in pofterum 
folvenda &exoneranda, viz, in Fefto S*M:ch. A.D. i^^S' vi- 
gore cujufdam Ad:;is Parlamenti in ea parte editi, & prout 
in quibufdam indenturis faSis inter Regiam Majeftatem & 
Rev. in Chrifto Patrem Dominum Re^inaldum Vole Cardina- 
lem particulariter apparet. -r— - It would be of good Service 
to our Antiquaries to have this Book publifli'd intire ; but 
I fhall only extradt that Paflage that relates to Shotteshooke^ 
It is ^s follows 2 

Com. Berk. 
"Penfio Roberti Vere nuper Guardian! Coll. 

^S. Job. Bapr. ibidem xv'^. x^, 

\ Penfio Thomai Barraby unius Sociorum 
Shottesbrocke sSolL c». 

) Penfio Willielmi Standyfli, unius Minijiro^ 

y^rum CoU, ibid, xxxii*. iv^. 
« This Throcmorton took his Degree of Dr. of Laws beyond 
the Seas^ but was afterwards incorporated wit> ys. Vi^. 
Athen. Oxon. Vol. I. coL (f68. 



Befween Winder and Oxford. iiy 

t^e ixtif tlftf OC Januaty Anno Domini 153$. Oil f»^0l9 
BQUlt Jhu l^te metCie* Amen. 

E terra in vllem refoluto corf ore terram^ 

SanBam exfeBo dei mtfericordis of em. 
ExpeBo & nitidum redhh^ carnis amlBumj 

Et tandem excelfi regna heata folt. 

§• 8. Befides the two Epitaphs that I have tran- 
fcrib'd above, there are fome other Monuments and ^J i!5 ^»»w««^' ©f 
Infiriptions in this Church that will very well de- the* ild^^^* 
ferve the ferious Confideration of a Chrtftian^ an Mtr^4». 
Antiquary and a Scholar ; but I fliall take notice of 
two only at prefent, the one of a 'venerable and hojy old Mav^ 
the other of a mofi religious and virtuous "Lady. The Name 
of the former was Thomas Noke Efq;, who lyes buried in the 
North'CroJ}^ and over him is laid a Marble Grave^Stone^ 
whereon is reprefented (in Brafs-Plates) the Figure of an 
^Id Man in a Goipn. On his right Hand is the Effigies of his 
firft Pf^fe, and on his left of his fecond and third Wife^ under 
whofe Feet is this Epitaph: 

l^eve Ittt^ barieD Thomas Noke, tt)|)o fov |ii0 great 9ge 
anxi t)evtnoa0 il^fe, wa0 YeterenceD of all iflpen, anO 
eommonls caUeH :fat]l)er Noke, createti Cfquire tf 
Kins Henry t|ie €ts4t ^c xoM t( Btatate l^igl^ anti 
romlp, anti for ^ifsf ^pctllznct in 3lttiUttt inaDe 
Yeoman of tht €xownt of England. itS^icb f^ati in ^10 
§IL^fe tljtee llgite^, anti l»p cteti^ of tl)tm fome JFmite 
ant) UMBPVinq; anH DeceafeD tfiie 21. X)ap of Augufb 
1^67. in tl^ ^are of i^i0 3ge 87. leating betilnUe qitu 
Julyan i)i0 laft UBife, two Of ^i$ OBreti^Teii, one Sifter, 
on^ onl|; Bon, anti txoo 3Daagl^ter0, Uting. 

Under this Epitaph are the Figures firft of three Daughters 
and one Son^ next of three Sons and two Daughters^ and 
laftly of one Daughter. His exemplary Courfe of Life, ma- 
nag'd with all the Gravity and Sanffity that is required by the 
friBefi Virtue^ and yet with all the Prudence^ Difcretion and 
good Humour of a Gentleman^ gain'd him great Honour^ Efieem 
and Reputation^ and his N^w^ is often mentioned with the 
*%/&^ RefpsS amongft the Inhabitants of thefe Farts to this 
Day. He was in earnefi with Religion^ did all the good he 
was able with his Wealthy maintained an unblemiJPd Con-- 
fcicnce^ liv'd peaceably with his Neighbours^ and was a true 
Friend to Perfons of all Conditions. This made him always 
chearfuly and ipightily conducM to prplgpg his Life. His 
J9eit//^ was very much lamented, and as there was a good 

Num- 



tx6 An Accwnt offtme AittiqnHies 

Number of Peofle that fhew'd their Refpeft to him in ttti- 
ftinguiftiing maaner upon that occafion, fo we ought to take 
particular notice of that ^Sj^im/ Mark of Honour paid him by 
the Lady Elizsieth Hfily^ who compos'd the enfuing Epi^ 
tafh upon him, which is ingravM on a Brsfs Plate fet near 
the lower End of Mr. Note's Grsfve-Stone, 

Epitaphium dominas Elizstetb^ Kohiia in mortem 
Thoma Noie. 

O mulfum diieSte feneXj pater atque v$catus^ 
Vel quia grand^evuSj vel quia probus eras* 

Anmos vtxifti navies decern j atque fateUes 
l^Jus eras regum^ fidus erafque tuts. 

Jam fatis funSus valeas^fedtu Deus a/me^ 
Sic mihi cencedas vivere^ frque mm. 

The other Monument that I fpoke of is one of MarUe ereded 
in the IFeft Wall of the faid Nerth-Crofs to the Memory of 
the Lady Elizaieth Morgan^ a Lady as eminent for Ftety^ 
San^ity^ Hrtue^ and all nohle and laudaUe Aecomplijhments 
as moft of her Sex. This will appear from the following I»- 
fcription (that is put on the Monument) the Author of which 
declaring himfelf againft all Flattery has.defcribM her ^^/i- 
ties neatly and elegantly every way agreeable to the P2i/»- 
nefs^ Sineerityy and Innocence of her Life. 

Hac taBula facra efio 
Memorise 

Omatiffima fmin£ domina Eliiabetha Mor- 
gan, ///> Gv lie lmi Morgan i comitatu Mon- 
mouth mtKtis ; quis per fex amnos facr9 conmhii fm- 
dere fociata fuit G v lielmo Morgan i comitatu 
Brecon armigero^ & mortalitatis fua exuvias depofuit 
28. JuniiidjS. 

Raud mentiar poeta vanns^ rigido 
Nee fas erst marmori adulari ; hie jace$ 
Sexus fui fpeculum^ pietafis ^ 
Modefii^B exemplar^ decus conjugiij 
Solamen ofgri^ ^ pauperis facra anchora : 
^yam fecit ortus nohslem^ (^ mores bonam^ 
Ethscis bene imbuta^ ^ Oeconomic'ts^ 
Gnara dems imperare ^parerefmul: 
Mori non merHa^ mtruiffet nifi 
Cesium^ ^ fedem^ animas qua manet 
Tom (ias. 

§,9. But 



Between Wiodfor aiti Oxford. ^yj 

"§• 9. But before I pafs out of this Church I muft not for- Mr.DoD- 
get to vifit the Grave which contains the Sacred jijhes of^*^^'«. 
one of the greatefi and yet one of the hm^lefl Men that the S^Iw^^ 
loft Age hath bred, I mean the celehated Mr. Henry 
Dodwell; a Name that will be always mention^ with 
refpeB as long as there is any due regard for Religion^ Virtue 
and LeamtTtg. This Great Man died in the threeicore and 
tenth iiYear of his Age on Thurfday June the feventh 1711. 
a little after four of the Clock in the Morning^ fi and was bu- 



n He was boi-n in the latter End of OBoter MDCXLt. 
but on what day he himfelf could never learn. ^ andwa^ 
buried &c.] Soon after I had written this Account of Mr, 
Dodwell, there was laid over him a Stone of Black 
Marble, on which is ingrav'd the following EngUJb In- 
fcription : 

Here lieth 

the ILeamed and Viout 

Henry Dodwell M.A. 

Sometime Fellow 

9f Trinity ColleJ^e near Dublin^ 

Cambden Frofejfor of Hifiory in Oxon« 

Born at Dublin Oft. mdcxli. 

Dyed at Shottesbrooke 

The VII. I?/ June mdccxi.' 

Anno JEt. Lxx^. 

In this (hort, plain, modeft, and unzSeSted Infcription, w« 
fee there is no other Character given of this excellent Perfon 
than that which he had univerfally eftablifli'd of being a Pious 
and Learned Man, and it comprehends all the other Virtues 
that were fo very confpicuous in him. However fome of 
his Friends having thought that it would be alfo convenient 
to have a Latin Infcription put over him, his Widow re- 
folv'd to have a Monument of White Marble fixM in the 
North Wall of the Chancel near to his Grave, and the en- 
fuing Infcription was judg'd by fome to be proper for the 
Occafion : 

Memoria S. 

Henrici Dodwelli, A.m. 

CoUegii SS. & Individual Trinitatis 

Frofe D V B l I N I A M quondam Socii^ 



uZ jI» Account offime Auttjuhhs 

tied on Satwriaj {June the ninitb) immediately following idi 



Detnde m Academid O^ONIENSI 
Hijhrices Pr^f/p^m/ Camdeniani: 
• Vtri {fi nuts a/ius) pil^ fanSi^ modefti^ 
Jntegri^ do£fi. 
Plura fi veEsj lihos^ juos reliquH^ immttrtales confuUf 
In quihus Ecclefia & RegU Majefiatis^ 
Contra Fonttficios^ Fanattcos^ ac FerdueUes^ 
Jurn firenue ajfsrult^ 
Manque Ingenii Judktique fuMlitate 
Antiqultath dr ret Cbronologica nodot 
DtfficsBimos expediit* 
Oh. Jun. 7. A.D.i-jii. JEt. 70. 
Canju^ efttmo Anna Dodwella 
M.F. 
• But then others jiidring this Infcription to be too fliort, i 
much longer one was drawn up, and agreed upon by them as 
moft proper; and accordingly it was put upon the Monu- 
ment oefbre mentioned, (that is ereAed in the Chancel) and 
is as follows : 

Accede Heffes^ qnicumque Uterarum Studio. 

Vel Humnnnrum vel Dsvinarum faph i 

Dsfce mnrmer hoc quern pgnet vhrumm 

Hic iBe fua cendi ejfa voluit^ 

Cut inter vivos frufira quapverls parent^ 

HENRICaS DODWELLUS: 

In quo conjtmSa erant 

Cum tnemorin rennn frope infinita^ 

Et Inventsonis FcecmtditaSj 

Et judicii Acumen 9 

Cum mhrifico quodam Fttdore^ 

Anitni Firmstas tnconcujjk^ 

Cum aliqua in difputando vehementia^ 

Candor eximius. 

QSpd^ diffcittimis in re Ckronolojfca nodis 

Felicher expeditis^ 

Hr^anu 



Hetloeen Windfor and Oxford. laj^ r 

fee Chancel of this Churchy jtoft over againft the Monument of 



Kovam Antique HiJlorU Lueem affuderit^ 
Earn lUi Ldudem ultra omnes 
§ltiafi Suam & Vrofriam triiuuni. 
Sed & Hanc etiam cum faucls communem haBuit^ 
§luod toties in Arejia Critlca 
Sine Fafiu & Maledicentia certaverit: 
O'mnemquej quaqua fatet^ erudrtiohis amUtuni 
Capaci mente comfrehenderit^ 
Ifiius interim J 
^iuam aucufarl folent Eruditorum Coryfhai^ 
Gloriole Contemptor. 
Ad Majora fcilicet intentus^ 
Trimava in Ecclefa Difciplina Vindest 
Audhrt maluHy 
§ikam Reipuhlit£ Literari/e Lumen. 
Vetera itaque Fatrum Chrifiianorum MonumentJk 
Indefejfus ferlujlravit '^ 
Et quorum Serif ta animo accurate if^erat^ 
Eorum Severttatem & SanSlhnoniam 
if vita accuratius expreJ^P. 

* E CoUegto SS. Trinitatis, prope Dabliniami 

DoSorum fuffragiis accerftus^ 

Oxonium migrdvit^ 

t Vii PraleSorh Cambdeniani Munus^ 

Mulia cum Laude^ quoad Fotuit^ fuflinuit. 

inde cum recejjtffety 

In JEdtbus Shottesbrochianis^ 

Amicijfimt Vrri Hofpitio ufus^ 

* E feceffu fuo jifaphenji Do^orum Sec. nialintalii.' Mam 
Collegio SS. Trinitatis ante annos aliquammultos deceffe- 
rat valedixeratque , & in IPaliid degebat quo tempore in 
Hiftorices Pracledorem Camdenlanur^ eledus fuir. , f Po-» 
tins, ut legi voluit Amicus ejus integerrimus, US/ tr^eleBo* 
rh Camdenlani multa cum lauae^ quodafalvd confcitntia licuit^ 
munus Jujlinuif. 

Vol. y* ^ R J^f^ 



I|d A/^ Account of fame Antiquities 

pt. TkfOcfMft^n above «iiictiti<rfi'd, and about a Tard diftailt 
trom it. His untvetfal Knowledge and frofound Judgment in 
all Sciences and Books had rendred him famous amon^ aU the 
learned Men of France, Italy [irid Germanjr\ and the great 
SanSitj and Severity of his Life had gaijid him a Veneration 
very peculiar and d^inguijbing among all forts of People. He 
made it his greatejl Study to ajfert the Honour and later eft of 
Religion and the Clergy ; and hh Huttings in Defence of the 
Church of England ag^nfi ^Ofifts oka Treshyterians have 
leen efteemed ferfeS Fseces kt tietr kindfi. His exaBnefs in 
HBfiory a$ well facred as frophane^ and his ex^uijite SkiU and 
Judfrnent in the tnofi intricate V^ltzs of Chronology made his 
Affiftance fo neceffary that his Help and VireHion was defired 
and courted by the mofi learned Meii of the Age. This was 
the occafion that the jiidiciotfs and learned Dr. WiBamLloyd^ 
now Lord Bp. oiWorcefier^ kept him for feveral Years very 
near to himfelf, that he might not be depriv'd of the Benefit 
of converfing and advifing with a Pferfon of fo extraordinary 
Abilities in compilmg and digtefting that ^of^ elaborate Work 
of Universal Chronology^ in wi&cfabis Lordfhip hath been en- 
gaged fo many Years, tie always* aflfe<fted a retired and /r/- 
vate Life, and was ambitious ot no Sort of Preferment^ his 
Modefiy being fo great, that tho' jjerhaps none were better 
qualify *d, yet he coald not entertain fucft high Thoughts as 
to think himfelf fit for dlfctoar^ng the CjJR^ rf a^y Place. 
His Friends would have beJcn ^lad of any opportunity of 
promoting and advancing him, if he would have complyM 
with their good and kiftd Intentions'^ but no Perfvajtons could 
prevail ^itn a Man of fo humile and n^eik d Spirit. So that 
now fome methods were to be contrived by which he might 
be preferred without his Knoi^lei^e and Prtviiy^ and accord- 
ingly at laft it very luckily frifipen'd that tho^ he was bred 
up at TV/w/y-CoUege nc*r Ihtbm^ (where he had had the 
Benefit of a FeUov^fhsp^ which he icon quitted that he might 
avoid entering into Hafy Orders j) yeC the Univerfity of O x- 



Inte^ Liiros deStuit^ confentiit^ obiit^ 
• Juris Regit dt Epifcopalrs 

Ad Bxtretnum uffue Spifitum Propagnatcf^. 

AniiHam Eruditam^ Simplicem^ Piaii» 

Deo reddidit J Jun. 7. A. D. 171 1. -^^^. 70. 

Conjugi Optimo Anna Dodw&lla 

Jtf. P. 

« See §• 7* fi See Athen. Oxon. Vol. II. coh 90%. 

fORO 



Between Windfor and Oxford. xjj; 

^ORD (upon the Death of Dr. John JLamfbire) in the Year , " 
lAVCLXXxviii. moft generoujfy e\e6tedhimto b^Camden^sViQ^ 
ieSbrof Hiftcry^ht being then abfent and altogether z Stranger 
to the Defgn. This was z very fignal fdark of Refpeff^ and 
tho' he could not but be allonifliM and concem'd at the 
Nevsy yet he lookM upon it not only a9 an Honour from 
the Umverfity^ (who pitchM upon him, without any previetn 
Interefi whatloever, purely out of Regard to his Merit) b^t 
as an Aft of Froviaence^ and therefore he mofi gratefuDy ac- 
cepted of the Place J which he was foon after admitted to, 
and read his firfi LeSure on May 15. mdclxxxviii. at which 
time was a vafi Concourfe of Auditors. But the UniverQy 
had not the happinefs of enjoying him for their Profeffor 
long. For the Revelutlon coming on^ and he being one of 
thole confcsentioys^ good Men that could not comply with thje 
Government^ but kept clofe « and adher'd to the Oath of AH" 
legiance which they had taken to King James tht IV. for 
that reafon his Place wasjpronounc'd void by the yice-Chan-- 
cellor in the Prefence of fome of the Pleads of Uoufes at two 
of the Qock on November 14. mdcxci. He read only fix- 
teen LeSureSj the laft of which was on November the fixtfa 
the fame Year he was deprived. All thefe being afterwards 
revis'd by him in his little Cell in the North Suburb of Ox- 
ford, were printed at the Theater in a thick OUavo^ to which 
he added three other LeSures that he had prepar d, and an 
Affendix containing fome Fraginents of the Libri lintei or 
Diurnal ASs of the City of Rome^ to which are fubjoyn'd 
divers Notes and Chronological Tables. The Edition (humbly 
infcribM to the Univerficy of Oxford) came out in 
MDCXCiT. and had the Worthy Author done nothing elfe'tis 
a noble Specimen oi his great Skill ^nd Judgment in the mofi 
abfirufe Points of Wfiorical and Chronological Learning, The 
Book was receiv'd with Applaufe by the iefi Judges. By this 
Performance he hath done immortal Honour tq die Name and 
Memory of Mr. Camden^ and^tis thought that never any Pro^ 
fejfor dfifchar^d his Offce more for the Credit of the Univer^ 
fity^ or with y?r;^^r Regard to Conscience. Mr. Dodwell 
having continu'd for fome time in a mofi private and obfcure 
Condition in his Cell before mentioned, at laft retired to % 
pleafant Village cali'ij Cookham (a Place he had been at feveraj 
times before) near Maidenhead in Berks^ where he became 
acquainted with my beft Friend and Patron the Pious, and 
JLeamed Francis Cherry of Shottesbrooke in tlj^, fame 

^ — -■ ■ ■ — 

^ Athsn. Oxon. Vol. II. col. 901., 

R X bounty ^ 



t}x A» Acceunt of feme Antiquities 

County J Efq. This Acquaintance being diligently cultivated, 
and at laft firmly fettled, much to tne Content and Satis-^ 
fa&ion of each other, Mr. Dodwell in a fliort time fet- 
tled bimfelf at an old Manour Houfe call'd Smewins^^ fituated 
in the Parith of fPhite-Wkltham lomething above a Quarter 
of a Mile South South Eaft from Mr. Cherry's Hahitation. 
After fome time fpeht here, he married a young but very 
difcreet and virtuous Woman from the Town pf Cookham^ by 
whom he hath had {eyera][ Children. Upon this Marriage he 
had an Hou^e fitted up for him by Mr. Cherry clofe to 
Shottesbrooke Church, and in the Place where Part of the 
College of Shotteshrooke flood. Here and in an Houje plac^ 
fomething below this more Eajiwardly he livM to his dying 
day. j^eirig now fettled according to his Wifo and Defroy 
and enjoying the daily AJJifiance and Conversation of his great 
and good wend Mr. Cherry, he apply'd himfelf with his 
Vi£u2Ll Ltdujlfj to his Studies, and afterwards writ and pu- 
blifhM divers admirable Bpoks^ amongft which muft not be 
forgot that elaJhrate one in flttarto de vet er thus Gracorum ^ 
Romanorum Cyelis. This Book was dedicated by him to Mr, 
Cherry, who had a joyntjhare in the Work^ as the Author 
has gratefully ackrtowledg'd. 'Tis one of the greatefi and one 
of the exa^efi Performances that ever was printed ot it's kind, 
and all were ftruck with Admiration how Mr. Dodwell 
Ihould find leifure in thofe times of fuhlick Diforder and Con- 
fufion to compile a Book of f^ch a B/ilk^ that required fo much 
Meditation and Clofenefs of thought. But this was the Effect: 
of his hapfy 'Retirement and of his pwn even Temper of Mind ; 
to which we are alfo to attribute the other learned Writings 
with which he afterwards oblig'd the World. No Sufferings 
whatever could make him withdraw his AffeSion to Religion 
and Learning I but he went on in a confiant^ regular Courfe 
of exercifing the moft Heroical ASts of Frrtue and Piety j and 
of confulting the Honour and Fame of the Nation by fuch 
Works as will laft to all future Am. He was a mofi ftriS 
follower of all the Rules and Orders of the Church of Eivr- 
land^znd was a Religious Obferver of all her Fafis, and FefiivMs. 
He dyM with the fame exemplary Piety witn which he had 
always liv'd^ and during his laft Sicknefs he receivM th^ B. 
§acrament publickly in the Parifh Church of ShoUoshooke 
from the Hands' of the Mnifier of that Place^ the Schifm 
(vhich had commenc'd \>y virtue of the Lay-Defrivation of 



m ^ee belpw towards the End §• 12, 

the 



Betmeen Windfor and Oxford. 1J3 

the Bsjbops (bon after the Revolution) being according to his 
PrmciP/es (which may beft be learned from his Irritmgs) 
clos'cl by the Death of the truly Venerahle Dr. W I L L I a m 
Llotd Bifliop of Normch^ which happen'd on January 
the firft I7g. in the 73d. Year of his Age, leaving the Cha- 
rader behind him of a very wife Man^ and of a godly ^ frnm- 
tsve Btjbop. As to Mr. Uodwell's Perfon, he was of a 
/■MR0 but well froportloiid Stature^ of a fanEuine Complexion^ 
of a gravoy ferious^ but comely, pleafant and ingenious Counte- 
nance y of a Piercing Eye, of a folid Judgment and ready -/^- 
frebenfion. He was a faithful and )Wf f ^^ Friend, very cA^ir/- 
/if^/p to the Ptftfr, (notwithitanding the narrownefs of nis For^ 
tn»e) free and ^«i in his Difcourje and Converfation, (which 
he always managed without the leaft Perfonal RefleBion) cour^ 
feons and affahle to all People, chearful in the highefi j^^ 
fusions and Calamities^ facetious upon all frofer Occafions, 
ever ready to give his Counfel and Advice, and extremely 
communicative of his great Knowledge, His motion was fv/Vi^, 
ntmile and //vfi^'? ^^^ ^^^ Confiitution fo /r^»^ and vigorous ^ 
that excepting three 'or four Fits of the Ague and Cfc^Z/Vit he 
enjoyed 'till a little before he dy*d an uninterrupted Courfe 
of Healthy free from thofe many Fatns which generally ac- 



company old Afe^ and are often the EflFefts of an intemferate 
Life. So that if ne had but taken an ordinary Care of him- 
felf, by making ufe of fome proper and feafonahle Diverfons 
(as fome of his 6eft Friends would often advife him) and by 
left Abftinence from the Comforts and Refrejbments of Nature, 
he might in all probability have reach'd to ninety or an hun- 
dred Years. But he was fo eager in the Purfuit of his Stu- 
dies, and fo defirous of improving himfelf in the Depths of 
Ztcarmf^, that whereas he always us'd to walk on Foot in his 
Journeys he feldom or never went without a Book in his 
Hands. This fevere Method of living quire deftroy'd and 
wore out his Spirits, which were not able to keep pace with 
his aSive Mnd. let for all this 'till the laft Year of his Life 
he made no complaint of any other Difemptr than a fmall 
Failing in his Eyes, which he mentions thus in a Letter he 
writ in Auguft mdccviii. to the learned Periz^onius: ^itfpd fs 
de mea valetudine foUscitus, gratum haheo, Ea fruor profp'cr^ 
rima, ^ per maximam vita partem ufus fum. Nee JeneButis 
hoc anno atatis LXVlli. incommodum majus fentio quam defi- 
ctentium paulatim oculorum. Continual labour, without any 
IfntermiJ/ion, brought him into a Confumption, that ended in 
an intermitting Feaver which could never be ftopp*d. He 
enjo/d the ufe of his reafon to the laft, and fent up feveral 

pious 



rjtf Alt Account pffime Antlquitier 

fert'd^ the Parifli oi Shotteshooke had been taken) concern*^ 
ing the Bounds of each Parifhj the Inhahiiants of Brow being 
charg'd yrith Imcroacbmeffts upon the JL^Wx that belong to 
U^ite^Waltham. This DiflFerence, however trivial it may 
feem, was carry'd fo high as to produce divers tad Confe-^ 

fuences^ all which might have been ivoyded had not th6 late 
)r. Frauds CarfipeBj Vicar of Brau (a Man of much the 
faunc Principles with his famous Predeceffir that occafipn'd the 
remarkable Proveri of this County) been the frincifal Pro^ 
meter and Encourager of thefe violent and unmarrantaile Pro^' 
ceedtngf ^ the Injuftice of which I cannot better reprefent 
than by an exaB Account of the Bounds of Whlte-Waltkam 
Parilh as they are marked out and fettled in their Yearly Per^ 
amMations'^ which I have therefore made fome Inquiry a- . 
bout, and my Information as it came from a Perfon that 
knows thefe Things perfeftly welL fo I can rely upon his 
Probity and Integrity in keeping ftrialy to Truth in each ^^r- 
ticular^ and for that reafon I have tranlmitted it to you that it 
may be preferv*d amongil your oxhtrOhJervations^zxiA by that 
means be a Satisfadion to Pojlerity if ever the Dijfute fhoula 
happen to be revived. 
A particular Account §• I*- After a good Nomber of Pari/bioners have 
ntOu Bounds ofufhite- been call'd together by the tolling of the biggefi 
mUfham?znfh2skt- Bell (which was alfo the ancient Cuftom of ga- 
tied and mark'd out theriug the Parijhioners together in all Parts of 
Vaul. England upon fuch /^/ew» Occafions) they begin 

their Perambulation in White-Waltham Street at the 
End of the SmltFs Shof^ where there is a Ditch that is dug 
between Sbottesbrooh and White-Waltham. Beins direded 
by this Ditch they pafs on, and taking in Part of aiarge Field 
caird Waltham-Field^ they enter into a Clefe commonly 
known by the Name of Terrejh^ which belonged formerly to 
the College of Shottesbrooke. Having taken m Part cf the 
faid Clofe^ they make a Crofs hard by Terr^Garden^ where 
were once gx^at Buildings^ as appeard by large Quantities of 
'Ruins and Rubbtjb (that leem'd to be "very ancient) when 
'twas firft ploughM up, which was done within the memory 
of Man. Thence they go into a Common-Fieldc^Wd Wat^b^ 
and take in moft part of that from Sbottesbrooke. Afterwards 
they go into another Common-Field call'd Wejllowe^ and leav- 
ing tne greatejl Part to Shottesbrooke thev pafs on by the 
Ditch'Sidej and take in all the feveral Clo/es of Land which 
belong'd lately to Richard Grove of the Lane. Then they 
go into a Cloje belonging to the Farm call'd Pidgeon-Holer^ 
where there is a Room (at leaft 'tis reported to be) in the 

Pa- 



Setveen Windfor and Oxford. 137 

Pafifli of mite-Waltham. After that they take in a Clofe of 
about ao. Acres on the other Side of the Lane where Ibme 
Years agoe there were Houfes^ and is known by the Name 
of EyBiHJJs^ Then palling up the Lane to a Crofs (in the 
Ground) between Hurley and Whlte-Waltkam^ they go on 
ihence through feveral Grpunds between Hurley and White^ 
Wmltkmm^ and take in ^fmaU Village call'd Little-Witk^ where 
they cut a Cr<j/> on one Side of a large Beech-Tree^ on the 
other Side of which J^ee the iParifhioners of Hurley cut ano- 
ther O15/J. Thence they go through an old Chalk-Fit to ano- 
ther great Beech-T^ee^ where they likewife make a Crofs clofe 
by the Htth-Boad that leads to Reading. Then they go 
aiong by tne Higfs-Wav Side, taking in Part of it, to WooUey^ 
GreeMj where they make a Crofs (in the Ground) between Bifi 
tsMy dopkham and White-Waltkam. Thence they go, turn- 
ing 10 the right handj to a Chalk-Ttt^ by which they make 
aaodier Crofs (in the Ground) between Cookham^ Bray and 
Wbito-W^tlam^ and fo they pafs through an fi^fr^ belonging 
to an ancient Houfe caird the White-Houfe^ which now be- 
longs to Richard Baffet^ and fome Years agoe was Part of 
the VpffeKons of the old Family of the V/encotts. Leaving 
one Endof the faid Houfe to Bray^ after they have taken a 
Refrrfbmenf here, (as the Pariihioners of Bn^ likewife ufe 
to do) they go thence along by the Bitch Side through fe- 
veral Grounds between Bray and JVhite-Waltham *tillthey 
come tp the Lane-Houfe^ where they take another Refrefb- 
mens. Then they pafs on to a Clofe belonging to Lantoons 
Farm. At this Farm they ftop and take another Refrefbment^ 
and ib going thwart Low-Brook-Ijine they enter one of Hey^ 
vood Cfrounds call'd Walnut-Tree JBlot. Being entered that 
Clofe they pafs pn Southwards all along the Grounds belong- 
ing to Heywood 'till they come to the Mote by Heywood 
Houfe, at which Houfe they put in and ufe to have a noble 
TreaU Then going through the other Ground's belonging to- 
the b!A Houfe between Bray and White-Waltham they pafs 
into a Wood or Coffice callM Wlrite-Faddock^ and fo keep on 
Southmard near Payley-Street^vfhere at a Hpufe call'd Triggs 
they have a Refrejhment. Then they return and keep on 
Southward 'till they come into the Common High-Way lead- 
ing to Windfor^ and there upon aii Elm-Tree they make a 
Crofs between Bray and White-Waltham. Thence they turn 
U^eftward down the faid High-Way 'till they come to 5*/>-. 
cpH-Lane. Here they fteer Southward and pafs up the faid 
Lane leaving Waltham Hills on the left hand in Bray Parifli 
'till they come to a Crofs which is ciit in the Ground at the 
Vol. f . S faid 



IjS A» Account offome. jtntiqutties 

faid Zjones End, and divides Braj from White-Waltbam. f teifl 
they turn Eafiward^ and taking in a fmall Cottage with an 
Orchard they pafs on to TUtchln Lane End, where they make 
a Crofs on an Elm-'Dree^ which Tree was planted by Sir Ed-- 
mund Sawyer K^. about threefcore Years agoe, before which 
time there flood in the fame Vlace a prodigious great hollow 
Oak caird Fatr-Oak. Then they turn Southward and pafs 
on by Braj-Wood Side 'till they come near the great Pond^ 
where is a very large Stone (that is fixM deep in the Ground) 
caird Red-Stone. Leaving this Stone^ which is a Bound or 
Mark between Bray and UH^ite-Waltham^ they turn Wejlward^ 
and taking in a fmall Cottage and Back-Jtae they carry on their 
Journey by the Hif^^f-Side 'till they come quite to the Bot- 
tom of JealouS'Wllj where they make a Crojs (in the Ground) 
between Bray and White-Waltham. Then they afcend the 
faid HiU^ andf paiSng on it South-Eafi 'till they 4re got about 
halfway they make another Croft (in the Ground) between 
Wdrfield arid Whtte-Waltham. Then they turn Wefiward by 
a crooked Gutter Side near Hazell-JVood^ and go on 'till they 
come near IVefilowe-Mlls. Here they turn Northward^ and 
travel on to the Comer of zTFbod where there formerly flood 
a Maple'-nee. At this P/irff thejr make a Cirij/} (in the 
Ground) between BinSe/d and Whtte-Waltham. Keeping on 
f^orthward by the D/Vri-fide near Cock-Jhott Bridge, they pafs 
through a Wood call'd Halwi€ke*s-Wood 'till they come near 
Brick-Bridge. Then they turn Wefiward^ and taking in a 
fmall Ff^o^Sf or Cofpice^ that was taken out of the Common, 
they pafs on 'till they come into Beenham^s-Hezth^ where 
they go near an old Ditcb^ or father a Bulwark, and do not 
ftop ^ill they come near Beenham'f, where there was for- 
merly a churchy as it apoears from the old Falor Beneficiorum, 
tho' It has been deflroy^d feveral Years. Here they make a 
great Crofs in the Ground as a Boundary between tnem and 
Laurence-Waltham. Thence they turn Northward through 
the midft of a Wood^ and coming near PuHdairs-Wa^^ they 
turn Eajiward into Sfffewins Grounds, and take a Befrejh^ 
ment at Smewin's Hoofe, a Place that is moted rdund, and 
was formerly (as 'tis reported) one of the Country Houfes of 
Prince Arthur, King Henry the Seventh's Eldefl Son. Here 
without the Gate is a Crofs (in the Common) between White^ 
Waltham and Shotteshooke. Then they turn again, and 
taking in moft Part of Smewtn's Grounds, they carry on their 
Journey 'till they come into Shottestrooke-Marfh, where they 
End their Feramhulatton. 

§. 13. AI- 



Between Windfor and Oxford. 139 

€. 15. Altho* during the time Dr. Carf- Tht Differences Aout the 

veil was Vicar of Bray the Incroachments upon ^"»^' '". °J.^ F'™f «^^ '"^ 
the Parifli of Whtte^Waltham were more con- '^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ %^;;^ \ 
fiderableandjgrievous than theyhad ever been wt^tty, formerljr overgrows 
before, yet the Differences between each Pa- with m»d^ and infefted wii 
rilh UDon account of the true Bounds had been ^^^" *"*^ Rohbtrt. 
carry d very high in former times, particularly in the Reign 
of King Edward the Firft, when the matter was ftriftly ex- 
amined by proper Perfons delegated and fworn for that pur- 
pofe, and the IfTue of the Inquiry was recorded, and is now 
exftaot ^unongfl other old Evidences in the Tower of London^ 
which I fliall therefore fubjoyn in the mj^fendix to this Let- 
ter. It appears from thence that this Controverfy was decided 
in the Year mcccxl. being the 14th. Year of that King's 
Reign : and that one Caufe of the In^piiry was the King's 
Sefuefiratiom of fome of the Tithes that belonged to the Pa- 
rim of Bray. One of the Perfons impanell'd upon the Jury 
was Edmund de Littlefend^ which perhaps fhould be Edmund 
de Uttlefield^ fend for field being often us'd in old Records. 
There is a Place caird Uttlefield^ a Green in which are fome 
Houfes^ iituated near a Mile Southwards from the Church of 
Whtte-Waltham ^{rom which 'tis npt unlikely the Family might 
be denominated. The Jury gave in Evidence that the Parifli 
of Bray began at a Place call'd Bodeleffole^ which is the 
fame tnat is now nam'd Buddlefpole. From thence it ex- 
tended it felf to the Houfe of Walter de la Howe in the Pa- 
rifli of Windfor J and from thence to a Place call'd in the I»- 
firument by the Name of Ely fieri which was the fartheft Z./V 
m'lt Southwards. From thence it ftretched it felf to fietk- 
rewcj which was the Bound Weftward. Then it went to a 
Place (near Bradenhuzg) where in old time flood a certain 
Oak. This was one of the Limits or Bounds^ and on it they 
us'd to cut a Crofs. Thence it extended it felf to Crukesfend 
one of the King's Vackeryes ; from Crukesfend to Fayrhok^ 
from Fayrhok to Wolvelye^ and from Wolvelye to Maydcnhith 
or Maidenhead, In this Paper there is nothinc; that relates 
to the Bounds of White-Waltham but Crukesfend^ Fairhok and 
Wolvelye. The firft I take to be the fame Houfe where Mr. 
Hercy now dwclleth at Hawthorne^ fome diftance Southward 
from Red-Stone Pond: in confirmation of which opinion Mr, 
Hercy lately told a certain Friend of mine that it was former- 
ly^ as appear'd by his Writings^ one of the King's Dary- 
Hwfes. From this old Jnquiftlon there is fome room to con- 



m Num. V. 

S X jefturci 



t40 An Account offome Afttijuhies 

jcfture that the Parilhioners of Whlte-Wkltham ought to gg 
in their Ter ambulations as far as this Houfe, and perhaps 
they had formerly a Refrejhment at it. Fayrkoi is nothing but 
the great Oak I nave mentioned in the former SeS^ion : and 
Wolveley is what we now call Wooley. The Saxons call'd 
the kit ?lace f ulpej-leas, i. e. a 'Place of Wolves. 'Tis not 
at all improbable that *twas formerly much infefted with 
Wolves^ efpecially if it be confider'd that the Woois were 
here as well as in all thofe Chiltem Tarts hr thicker and 
larger than they are at prefent, and were a Jiefuge for Roh^ 
terSy (as well as for wild Beajls '^) which was the reafon that 
the Manour of Flamjlede was given hy Leofstan Abbat of St. 
Albans to a certain Souldier of jgreat Valour and Courage 
caird Thurnoth^ with this condition that he fhould in lieu of 
it take eflFedual Methods to have nioft of the Woods cut 
down, and the Robbers difpers'd, which accordingly he care»- 
fiilly and pundlually performed. This is related in the Af^ 
fendix H to Dr. Watts*s accurate Edition of Matthew Varis ; 
but I do not remember to have met with it in any othef 
publifli'd Author. Now as Crukesfend was a Bound to Bray^ 
lb 'tis likely that it derived it's Name from the large Crop 
that was here cut formerly to diftinguifli and mark out the 
Uptits of the Farijh. Of late Years the Tarijhioners have 
firangely intruded upon White-Waltham in the Common^ anc^ 
have taken in a great Part qf Heywood Lordjhtp^ quite con-» 
trary to the Determiiuttion in the Faper I have procfuc^d, and 
altogether againft Cufiom. I remember that fome Years ago 
I had the curiofity to walk round the Parifh of Whtte-Wal-- 
tham my self in one of the Xeatly Circuits^ at which time I 
could not but take particular Notice of the Infolence of the 
Parifliioners of Bray in tranfgreffing xS\t\x Bounds \^en they 
came to Crukesfend. Dr. CarJweU headed aiid direSed them, 
and they pafsM in great Triumph through the Cowmonj taking 
in all Redstone Pond and confiderably farther more Wefi • 
whereas they ought to have left the Pond on the Weft^ ana 
to have kept clofe by the Wood Side. I take the Red Stone 
to have been plac'd at that time when the Controverjy firft 
began. We meet with fome Stones in England that were 
fix'd fi purely to notify the exaft Bounds of Counties, and this 
Stone we are fpeaking of was look'd upon as a more ftanding 
and fure Mark for Diftindion than a Crofs on a Tree or in the 
Ground, and lefs fubjeft to Aheration, and the adjoyning 

^ Pag. Ar. in vita Iseofstani. fi See in this Fifth Vol. of 
Jylr Leland's Bin. {o\ ll6, 

Potf4 



Between Windfor and Oxford. If 

f mm/ taking it's Name from it would alfo ferve as a Di- 
redion to Vofietitj in fettling the Dtffutef that might arife 
upon this Occafion. 

$. 14. This Difference having obliged me to fav 
fo much about the Parifh of White-Walthamy it will The lAMmmm 
be exfpeaed by you that I fhould likewife fend K'^^''' 

Iou fome Account of the Monuments in that Church. ' ^^^' 
have had an opportunity of viewing them very frequently; 
but I do not find any erefted to Perions of note for Learn^ 

S, except a J^lte Marble one on the Wefi Watt in a Cha^ 
. on the South Side of the Chancel -^ which I fhall therefore 
tranfcribe at large : 

Gulielmus JNeile, Pauli Neile eai^tis aurati natn 
max.fiUus^ Richardi Neile archiepfcofi Ebor. nepos^ 
^caiemia ;Oxon, alumnus^ focietatis philofophorum 
regi a foetus^ feremjjimo Carolo II®. a camera prtvat a » 
Suavitate morum & temferantia ifluf^uam juvenili 
JfeSabilis^ Geometria 'fiudilfque phflofophich totus 
incubuit^ C^ perjpfcaciffpni ingenii varia dedit fpeci^ 
mnMj donee tngentthus cceptis amictfyue lugentiBus im^ 
matura morte valedixst^ pr^ereptus VIu*'- Calend. 
.Odob. A9, MDCLXX. Titfflmo filio pater marens p. 

Underneath on a Black Marble on the Floor ; 

Here lyeth tnterrd the Body of William 
Neile JS/f ;, eldeft Sonne of Sir Paule 
Neile Kt. and Grandchild to Richard 
Neile late id. Archbp. of Yorke. He was 
borne at Bifliop Thorpe in the County 
pfYoTke the 7*. day of December 1^37. 
^ and dyed in this Farijh (?/ Whitc-Waltham 
the 14*. day tf/" Auguft 1^70. 

This Religious and Learned young Man (who had been 
Gentleman^Commoner of Wadham-^CoWege) died in the ^3<1. 
Year of his Age in his Father's Houfe fatuated on the Hitt at 
a fmall Diftance Southwards from the Church. This Houfe^ 
which is commonly callM7*^H/ffIfoir/e, and was rebuilt, at 
leaft the greateft Part of it, by one Roger Gardiner Gent, 
and Citizen of London in or about the Year mdcxxxiv. be- 
longed anciently to the Noble Family of the Tf^ndfors jZnd was 
then known by the Name of IValtham-Fiace. The Situation 
of it is pleafant^ and the ProfpeS very agreeable. Upon the 
Top of the Houfe is an Objervatory^ which Mr. Neite made 
great ufe of in carrying on his Mathematical Studies^ which 

he 



kfO A» Account bffime Airtlquftses 

mory of two emtnemt Lawyers that liv'd here, and are fre- 
quently talked of by the lihahitants as Men not only of deep 
Skill in their Trofeffian^ but of great TroUty and Integrity^ 
and of uncommon charity to the Tear : 
Hates hie J fuos quarts {cliens) patronos^ 
NoM aliter fofi fata^ ^uam oUm m vivrs 

, Pact/e adeunJos. 

Geminos etiam caujidicos^ unus^ nee multum loquaXy 
D/mulus camponit ; geminos manes unum fufiinet 

Sepulehrumy utrafyue jufiHia lances j 
fUgod [actum ft memorU {fatorum leglbus exhni prorfus 

ClariJJiml vM^ Edwardi Clarke, jureconfultt^ Themidis i 
Thnplo LincolmenH^ jam feptuagenarit^^u/tra^ (proh quanta 
SanSitatis argument o iuxus er lites faculi tamdiu Vfcijfe!) 
Aftracae in eeelum ahhinc teceftl^ Anno DnT. 16x30. 
§utn ad defunSi patrrs incrementa accedit filius^ 
Inter titulos genitorls numerandus. 
Bis cinSiufy toga dr eauitis cinBura^ 
Magifier caneeUaria ; 
Hoc eft^ 
Patrlmontum popu/ij fortuna miferorum^ 

Communis regni conjcientia. 
Nunc iterumfif urn intra gremium fufcipit^ fovet^ genitor^ 

Et pro fepuhhro JoMi tfi : 
Tnfcriiit patrem filius auSioribus titulis^ 

Et pro monumento patri eft. 
Kic quOque feptuagenartus^ ejufdem nominis^ domus^ 
Dimuttque hares ^ cineres Juos patemis 
Manibus remifcuit^ anno falutis 16380* 
Ita fe totum^ undo exiit^ retribuitj 
Et vel in morte doeuit 
Suum cuique reddere. 
Hoc S* ^ fitis d/fce (leaor) feu reftHuendi 

Pra:ceptum^ Jeu fo/atium, 
^lups mors tierepuit^ reddidit inde fuis. 
^iuo numero legumy jurlfque anigmdta norunt^ 
fituos lapis ifte tegit^ candide leBor habe. 
Concipe^ quando magis Ciceroni fcarnna creparentj 

j^luando ^ Athenarum rhetoricante fene : 
Marmora quo plaufu^ fraBa:que Mathone columns ^ 

Romulidum & Graiftm tota theatra refer : 
Invenies nuUos melius dixijfe togatos j 

Froque his incipies^ cum tacuere^ loqui. 



« L. cripuit. §. i^^. What 



l^iPmem Windfbr and Oxford. 14) 

Form of* the Keys cither by FiBure or by Writing ; and *tis 
likely Mr. Blower might have refpe& to this Cu^am in in- 
fertiog the Shape of one of the Keys of this Church in the Re^ 
gifietj which it may be he did when 'twjas delivered by him 
to his clerk. 

5. i(J. Leaving Shotteshrooke^ about half a Mile A Rmsn tort tt 
on this Side you ftopp'd at a Fittage caU'd L^urence^ ^Tci^^'^i^' 
Wkkham^ that formerly belonged to the Abbey of ^2*^^^'*^'^^- 
Hurley. Here you told me you were fhew'd feveral 
Ceynsoi the JLower Emperors^ found in an adjacent F$eld^ 
which you took the more notice of, becaufe Mr. Camden 
tells us that in that Field was a Roman Fort^ as he gathered 
from the Coyns frequently found by the Husbandmen. I have 
been ftiew*d divers of thefe Coyns^ and I was once of opi- 
iiion.that 'twas built about the time oiConfiantius the Toun^er ^ 
but I have iince chang'd that opinion, and I now beheve 
*twas founded a great many Years before. I have amongft 
other Coyns feen one dug up here of Claudius Gothicus^ which 
hath on the Face Side, 

Divo CLAVDio. Ctaudii Gothici caput radiatum: 
And on the Reverfe, 

CONSECRATIO. Aquila. 

Which Coyn tho* not rare (for Abundance of them wer« 
ftruck upon the Death of this Excellent Emperor) yet it fhews 
that this Roman Caftlo was in a flourifliing Condition after the 
year cclxx, and perhaps it might continue fo 'till very near 
the Invafion of the Saxdns. 

§• 17. 'Tis not unlikely but that it had a great 
Dependence upon Silchefter in Hampjhire^ ^hich is V^ *"''"; ®^ ^1 
at no great Diftance from it, and had a very con- f^''' ^r7r rr^ 
fiderable Command over this Part of the IJland^ famcwithyic-rTOj 
being a very large Flace^ as appears not only from the 
Buhtes of the Walls y which are in circuit m at leaft two Miles, 
but alfo from the Name it felf, Sel-cajrep, or Sil-ceafccp, 
fignifying nothing elfe /8 but a great City^ unlefs we will ra-^ 
ther fuppofe that it has reference to the Saxon Word Sele, 
which hgnifies a HaU or Falace^ and that fome Roman Com- 



- See Camden m Hampjlyjre, and Mr. Leland^s Itinerary 
Vol. VI. p. 48. ^ Camden ibid, ^omner in his Saxon 
Glofary^ voc. Sil-ceafCep: and Dr. Gthfon's Rules for in- 
terpreting Names at the End of his Ed of the Saxon. Chron. 
fub. Sel. 

mander 



144 -^ Account of fame Antiquities 

mandcr of more than ordinary Power had here his Plate of 
Refidence. But omitting this, which is nothing more thari 
Conjefture, 'tis certain from the vaft Number of old Brich 
and other RuineSj that this Fort in the Parifh of Laurence-i 
Waltham was of confiderable £xtent,and of no fmall Streng^; 
The field in which it ftood is now cllIM Wejcock^ which 
tho' in the firft Draught of this Iietter ul thought to be no- 
thing but a Corruption of the Saxon Word f ic-fcop, i. e. 
a Place of Incamping^ or a Forty yet I have fince that time 
alter'd my opinion, as I have noted in my Frefate fi to the 
firft Volume of Mr. LelamPs Itinerary. 

§* i8. And here I cannot but wifh, that thofe 

»JS?aSdi f r' ^^^ *^*' hereafter undertake to give us a feCond 

SI underukeVfc! P*^ of Cafhden*s Britannia (whether in l.atin Or 

coiidParto£r«»i«f'/ F,nglijh) would be v^ry nice in obferVing the Place 

MriiMHia. The cha- where any Infcriftions^ Coyns^ or other old Monu- 

r^erofMr;EowAKD ^^^^ ^jQ found^ and that they would give us exaS"^ 

"• Defcr/fthns of thofe Oyns which they find not de- 

fcrib'd in Occo and others who have undertaken to write 

upon this Subjefit. This as it would be a very confiderable 

hnprovemeni of this nohle Wbrk^ fo would it be the beft way 

to illuftrate the old Itineraries j and to point 6ut the 'Roman 

Garrlfons, feveral of which remain as yet untouched by our 

Antiquaries ; but then the Ferfons that attempt fuch a IFbrk 

as they ought to be endowed with excellent Natural Farts^ a 

Jhong Judgment^ and gjreat Indufiry^ fo they ought to travel 

to and view every particular Place themfelves, to confult and * 

examin Records and old Ifritings^ to be very cautious how 

they take any thing upon truft, and to be very well versed 

in all the Greek and Roman Hiftory. AU ColleSlions that 

have been made formerly, whether in the Bodleian^ or Cot^ 

tonian^ or any other Library {fuUlck or private) fhould be 

perused and read over with the utmoft Nicety and Exa&nefi^ 

and nothing put down haftlly and at random. The Manu^ 

fcrlft Additions and Corrections under Mr. Camdeifs own 

hand (chat I have at prefent, by the Gift of the late learned 

Dr. Thomas Smith^ in my Cuftody) are to ht firiBly 

obferv'd and accounted for ; as are alfo the MSS. CoUe^ions 

that were made by the learned Mr. Edward Llhvyd, 

whofe Obfervatlons both as to Antiquities and Natural Hiftory 

in his TVavels not only over IVales^ both North and Soutb^ 

but in Ireland and Scotland^ are certainly (altho' I have not 



V 



ti Printed in the Memoirs for tke Curious for the Month 
of Nov. MDCCviii. fi Page XI. 

bad 



Befweeu Windfor and Oxford. 14^ 

had a fight of them) very curious and excellent. For he was 
a Man of indefatigable InduRry and of an enterprlzln^ and 
dsrim^ Genius^ whom no Difficulties or Hard/hips could deterr 
or frighten from profecuting his worthy and laudable DeJ^ns ; 
and t&erefore as nothing uncommon and // to be noted could 
efcape his Inquiry^ (o he would never reft fatisfied ^till he 
came to a View of it himfelf. After all, the Roman Infcri^ 
fti&nsj as colledted by Mazochius^ Afian^ Smettus^ V>f[ius^ 
GruteTj ReinefiuSy Fabretti and otners, (Iiould be diligently 
and carefuUy read over, and each Perfon Ihould be very well 
acquainted with the Abbreviations of the Ancients as they 
are explained by Vrfatus and other Writers. Such a Task 
will require feverai Years hard Labour ^ which no one will 
think too mych that confiders how Mr. Camden fpent 30. 
Years and more before he could finifti his Defign, and that 
the fame Method hath been us'd by all Antiquaries of note . 

S. 19. The moft conGderable Coyn that I have f, silver Cjnf^i^. 
fcen dug up m Weycock is a Sslver one of Amyntas^ y^jntM in ihc Handt 
Grand-Father to Alexander the Great ^ which I of Francis cbbrrt, 
mention the rather becaufe I do not remember to ^' ThtptMh and 
have feen it in any Author that I have confulted. ^"^frZ. ''^'^'^^ 
TTis true De mide 4«has four of them, but then ^' ^'''''"'''• 
they are all Brafs^ and of lefs Value than this I am mention- 
ingj which is now with feverai others in the Poffeflion of 
the pious and learned Francis Cherry, Efq. It has 
the Head oi Amyntas covered with a Lyon^s Skin, (according 
to the Cuftom of the ancient Heroes) and on the Reverfe 
Amynta, with an Bade, treading on a Serpent, denoting, 
perhaps, the Conqueft of Thejfaly by Amyntas, in which 
Country, as divers of the ancient Authors have thought fit to 
inform us, are a vaft Number of Serpents. But you will be 
better able to judge of this Coyn, and to make proper jRf- 
marks upon it, from the following Draught, which when you 
have GonfiderM I humbly intreat that you would let me 
know your Thoughts andf Sentiments of it by the firft op- 
portunity. 




m I I II !■ ■ I ■ II I II I ^^mmmmmmmmm^ 

« Numifm. antiq. ex Mufco Jac. de Wilde, Amfi. mdcxcii. 
at the beginning. 

Vol. y, T *ilam 



l^ An Account offime Antiquitlif 

• I am obliged for this Draught to Mr. Thomas Cherry, 
M. A. of Eamund-Hdll^ who if he had livM longer would 
have conununicated to me divers other Antiquities and Cv- 
tiofities of this nature, by the help of which 'tis poflible I 
might have fet the Antiquities of Shotteshrooke^ and fome 
other Vlaces^ in a much better Light than I am now capable 
of doing from my own fingle ObfervatiMS. But we were de- 
priv'd of this Advantage by his untimely Death^ which hap- 
penM at London about 3. a Clock in the Afttmoon on Sunday 
November the feventcenth in one thoufand feven hundred 
and fix, and he was buried on Wednefday immediately fol- 
lowing, (being November the twentietli) at St. Andrevh 
Church in Holbom in a Vault that runs under the Churchy 
tho' the Entrance be in the Churcb-Tard. This young Gen- 
tleman (who was little more than twenty three Years of 
Age) was a Perfon of a zracefuly taU^ but fomewhat too 
Jlender Stature^ of a bajhful^ modefi Countenance^ of a very 
obliging Converfationj of wonderfuf good nature^ and of /»- 
gular Frobity and Integrity. He was a Man of good jfudg-^ 
menfj was a Lover of Learning and Learned Men^ and had 
we enjoy'd him fome Years longer I do not doubt but he 
would have proved an Ornament to the Clergy (he being juft 
entered into Holy Orders) and have imitated his near Relation 
Mr. Francis Cherry (from whom and from Mr. 
•DoDWELL he had received Princinles of true Firtue and 
Hanefy) in doing what good he could for the Honour and 
Glory of this Church osid Nation. The Lofs of a Gentleman^ 
fo hopeful in all refpeds. in the very Bloom and Flower of 
his Tears, could not but oe a great and terrible Blow to all 
his firviving Friends and Relations^ (and particularly to my 



ml mm obl^d for this Draught &c.] This Draught is 
not fo cxaA as I could have wifli'd, and therefore 1 fhall 
here publifli a more true one of it, taken immediately by 
the Ingraver from the Coyn, which was put into my hands 
for that End by my great and good friend the Owner 
ofit. 




fclf 



^.. 



^Between Windfor and Oxford. 147 

felf, who had contra<aed an intimate Friendjbip with him^ 
when we went to School together, and 'twas lb inviolably 
maintained to the laft that he was my confiant and, as it were, 
mdj Companion in my Studies, and 1 reap'd no fmaU Ben^t 
from his Converfation ;) but Go^s Proviaence is always con- 
duced and guided by Rules and Meafures of infitise Wifdcm 
and Goodnejs^ and the reafons of his Determinations are be- 
yond our Knowledge and Comfrehenpon. 'Tis too apparent 
that He hath a Controverfy with this Church and Nation for 
our Sins and DefeSion^ and it feems plain to me that this 
innocent Toung Gentleman is happily remov'd and taken away 
from the Evil to come. It ought therefore to be matter of 
foy to us rather than Grief -^ at leaft we ought, as becomes 
dmfiians and Wife Men^ to acquiefce and fubmit without any 
Mtrmuring^ Comfldint^ or excejjive Lamentations. 

§. lo. Leaving JLaurence-Waltham you fl:opp*d 
no where 'till you came to Dorchefter^ (feven Miles ^^chiper hrmerW 
from Oxford) the Church of which Vlace being '^^i^fXut'cI!'^ 
very large, you had the curiofity to take a view of there. fiirfuM the firft 
the feveral Monuments in it. Here you faw fome Bp. of D^rebf/Ur, The 
that were ancient^ and guefs'd rightly that it form^ ^^'^^^ Abufe of 
erl, belongM to fome Religious Houfi. For in the ^^^^''^1 
Saxon Times at this Flace was an Eftfcofal See^ ed to Bp. n/£febmne. 
founded by St. Bhrinus A.D. DCXXxv. and upon TheHooour andRe- 
that account it often occurrs in the Saxon Chro^ fpeft anciently paid to 
mcle and other Annals -^ but upon the Tranflation 
of it to Lincoln by Remigius A. P. mlxxv. fby reafon the 
City was then much diminiih'd, and not Judged equal to the 
Largenefs of this Bijhoprtck) here was founded a Priory of 
Black-Canons by Alexander Bifliop of Lincoln A. I>. mcxl. 
and the Parochial Church now ftanding was the very Church 
belonging to the Priory^ and for that reafon bears even to 
this day the Name of the Pretend Church m. As St, Btrinus 
was the firft Bifliop of this Place, fo upon his Death he be- 
queathe his Body to be buried in the Churchy which he had 
founded all of Wood (I fuppofe) agreeable to the Cuftom 
then in praftife, when Architeffs were very fcarce^ and had 
little Skill in the true Rules of Building. After it had retted 
here feveral Years it was at laft tranflated fi to Winchefier 

J that was one Part of this Diocefe^ which contained under it's 
urifdidion the two large Kingdoms of the Wefl-Saxons and 
Mercians) by Bifliop Headda. Mr. Letand hath alfo noted 



9t See Mr. Lelanis Itin. Vol. II. fol. 10. /8 See Brom- 
Ptorfs Chtonlcle apud x. Scriptorcs col. t<;6. b. 

T \ «*at 



ji(.8 -^« Account offome Antiquities 

M that St. Birinus was buried at Dorehefer^ but fays nothing 
of his Tranpit'ion^ nor of his Paffage into England^ and his 
Converting the Heathens of thefe Farts ^ the Hiftory of which 
is painted m the Windows of the Church. One of Birinus*s 
Succeffbrs in this See was JEfchwine^ whofe Image of Free^^ 
Stone with an htfcription on it was in being when Mr. JLeland 
was here in mdxlii. as he hath ex{)refsly noted iS. Jhe laft 
time I walk'd over to view the Antiquities of this once great 
and famous City^ I fpent feveral Hours in the Church on pur- 

fofe to find out the faid Monument of Bifhop ^fchwine; but 
could not, after the moji diligent Search^ find the leaft Fra^ 
gmerrt of it : which makes me conclude that it hath been con- 
vey'd away and utterly deftroy'd by the Sacrilegious Hands 
of fome Freshyterians or other Fanaticks. I perceive alfo by 
fome Manufcript Fapers that Mr, Wood fought after this vene^ 
Table old Monument to no purpofe. Mfchwine^ as well as 
Birinus^ was a good BenefaStor to the Flace^ and had per-*- 
form'd feveral fious ASls which gain'd him lafting Honour 
and Reputation after his Death. Hence the biggeft BeU was 
dedicated both to Birinus and Mfchwine^ and the Inhabitants 
of the Town report odd Stories of the Bell to this dav, as if it 
had by virtue of it's being confederated td thefe Frelates done 
feveral miraculous things, and oftentimes preferv'd the Town 
from imminent Dangers. But this Fewer was formerly be- 
liev'd to be in all Bells^ efpecially if they had been confe- 
crated. The Heathens as well as Chriftians believM it, which 
made Bells (or fomething equivalent to them) to become very 
common, and great Caution was us'd againft all Injuries that 
might be done them. But tho' 1 could not have the SatiA 
faction of meeting with the Monument of JEfchwine^ yet 'twas 
an unfpeakahle Fleafure to me to furvey the other venerable 
Remains of this Flace-^ tho' I could not but be mov'd with 
Indignation to find the Monuments of feveral of the Abbafs^ 
Knights and Efquires (that had been buried in the ^re) 
fo much defac d, and the Brafs Flates torn off from divers 
Grave-Stones bv Ferfons that (not with (landing their Fretences) 
have not the teafi Regard to Religion^ or Good Manners^ but 
irreverently trample upon the Apes of their Holy Anceflors^ 
vilify and afperfe them, fpeak lightly of their G W Works^ 
and take all poffible Methods to deftroy and break in pieces 
the Stones that have been eredled to their Memory. 



\ 



Bin. Vol. II. fol. lo. iS Ibid fol. H, 

§•11. But 



BHweem Windor nd Oxford, 149 

$. 21. But alcho' Mr. JjtlMmd has noted thit fe- 
vcral Perfcns of bigk lUmi and ^lity were buried J|!^i£ifif "•^ 
in this Cimrdf ; yet he did not ttint fit to write j^ thSe^nTfel!^ 
down any one of the Lifcrifti9ms^ which 'tis likely thiag voy ramrln- 
were legible enough in his rime. He contented bleinAwLiiw&r* 
himfelf with Jhnt Mewhrs^ not believing it wonh ^^J^^J^^f^ 
his while to colleA Epitsfhs unlefs he found there ^"^*^ ^ x>wt*^F^. 
was fbmething remarkable in them befides the Name and 
die mention c^die Perfons Death. Tis difficult at this time 
to read the moft ancient of thefe Mnmmemts ; yet from thofe 
l^etters that are remaining I gather that there 1$ little or no- 
thing of moment on them. They neither difcover nor il- 
luftrate any thing confiderable in Hifi^ry^ and are therefore 
to be regarded more for their Amtijaiiy and the faereJ Vfi to 
which they are put, than for the ler\ice they do to Learth- 
sng. But becaufe in our Difcourje you happ>en*d to mention 
the Abbey of Ratmtwn in Stifford-Jbtrfy and the Family of the 
SitttowSy I fhall fend you two of thefe M lufiriftions^ as they 
are ingravM on the Verges of two of the Gravf-Stenes that 
lye in the Si^^ of the Church-^ the former of which is to the 
memory of a Bilhop that had been Prior both of Raunton 
and Dorchefier^ (and his Effigies is cut on the Stone) the lat- 
ter of a Prior of Dorcbefier^ who perhaps was a Man of good 
Note and Learning, notwithftanding there be not the leaft 
Hint of it in the h^crtftsan. 

JL. 

i^ iflcct D110' Rogerus qoonlMiti inriot t^viofatOjBi He 

Rauton in COtlt. Statordiae, fioftea abba0 tmT. De Dor- 
chefter Lincol. IDiOCCt necnon €900* Lidenfis. Cafll0 

ani'mx inrppitietot JDettir. Amen. 
*Tis Rauton on the Stone^ iuft as I have reprefented it. But 
*tis probable a Mark (houfd have been put over the Une by 
the Ingraver as is cuftomary in old Stones as well as Manu- 
fcrifts^ of which I have fpoke more particularly in my Dif- 
courfe upon the Bathe Infcrtptton. 

11. 

TohaiT tie Sattona tiittn0, qaem Crifte COTpns, 

fbbatijBi gefBt titetf %it qoi teqittieftit 

§. 22. Beiides the Monuments of an old Ere6iton Dirers mUtm l*- 
I might add feveral in this Church that are modem ; P^rifmns inthisP/4c^ 
but the reft being to Perfons of no extraordinary ^^^^J'oltvioe^- 
Note^ I fhall only fend you that which is put up „,„, uljers. 
in the iVall (juft above the old Image in jtlahafitr 
of the Knight^ on the North Side of the fluhre a) to the Me- 

«( Of which fe^ Mr. Leland's Itm, Vol. II. fol ir. 

mory 



*P Jbi Account bffime jfjalquftles 

inory of two eminent Lawyers that liv'd here, and are fre- 
quently talk*d of by the Maiitants as Men not only of iieep 
Skill in their Profijpon, but of great Prohity and Integrity, 
^td of uncommon Charsty to the Feor : 
Hates blc, quos quarts (c/iens) fatronos, 
Non aRter fofi jata^ ^uam olim m vtvis 

,^ Faale adeundos. 

Gemtnos etiam caufidkosy unus, nee multum loquax, 
Tkmulus camfonit ; geminas manes unum fufiinet 

Sepulehrumy utrafque juJiitU lances^ 
§lupd facrum p memaria (fatarum leg/bus eximi frorfus 



/, Themidis 



ClariJlRmi viri^ Edwardi Clarke, jureconfultt^ Themidis i 
7^f/o Lincolmcnfiy jam feptuaienarify&u/tra^ (proh quanta 
SanSitatts argumento luxus & lites faculi tamdiu Vfcijfe!) 
Aftrax in caelum ahhinc teceftt^ Anno DnT. 16230. 
Qum ad defun&t fatr/s incrementa aceedit filius^ 
Inter t/tuios genttcris numerandus. 
Bis cinEluSj toga & eauitls cinSura, 
Magifier canceUarla : 

Fatrtmontum popuh^ fortuna mtferorum. 

Communis regni confiientia. 
Nunciterumfilium intra gremium fufcrpitj fovet, genitofj 

Et fro fepulchro Joholi efi ; 
InfcriUt fatrem filius auSioribus titulis, 

£tpro mofomenfo fdtri efi. 
lie quOqUe fettuaghriirinr, ejufdem nominis^ domns^ 
Ttimuitque h^eSy cineres fuos fatemis 
Mmibus remtfcutt^ ar^o falutis 16380. 
Bafe totum^ unde exiit, retribuit, 
Et vel in morte docuit 
Suum euique reddere. 
Hoe ^ k fatts difce (leSor) feu refiituendi 

Fr^ceftum^ Jeu fo/atium. ^ 
Qups mors nerefuit, reddidit inde fuis* 
^luo numero le^umy jurifque anih^dta norunt, 
^s l^is ifie tegify ca^di (eStor hahe. 
ConetPe^ quando magis Ciceroni fcamna erefarent, 

§luando & Athcnarum rhetoricante fene : 
Marmora quo flaufu^ fraStaque Mathone columna, 

Romulidum & Graiftm tota theatra refer : 
Levenies nuBos melius dixijfe togatos ; 

Froque his incifieSj cum tacuere^ loqui, 

« L. eripuit. S.ltJ. What 



Between Windfor and Oxford. i^^ 

§. x5. What Number of Churches were in this Several a««rci»wfor- 
Vlaci in it's moft flourifhing State is uncertain ; ^'^^l *^ ^•rchder. 
this we are fure of, that even after the Conjueji JSv& 
there were at leaft fourth, (tho not mentioned m 
the ancient Valor Beneficiorum ; ) three of which ftood on 
the South and South- Weft Side of the Abhey Church. There 
are \evident Marks of the Foundations of one juft as we turn 
up to the Bridge^ in the Gardens of the Houfe where the 
<5erk now lives. They frequently dig up Humane Bones in 
tfaofe Gardens^ and many of the Foundation Stones of the 
Church ftand jutting out next to the Wgh-Wav in a narroia 
Tajfaze^ which hath been made fince the Church was de-> 
ftroy'd. And the laft time I went over to view the Anti^ 

Suittes here I (aw plain Tokens where the Tbwer of the Church 
ad ftood. Mx.Leland /Sobferves that the Bifhop's Palace 
ftood at the North-W^ End of the Town. This he re- 
ceived from Tradition, and 'tis the common Report of the 
TnhaUtants at this time, for confirmation of which there are 
fcen large Foundations of old Buildings^ and 'tis in this Part 
of the Town that they keep Court. 

§. Z4f. As this had been a Tmn of very great »Twa$ t place of 
Note in the Saxon Times, before it was miferably great Note in the 
deficM by the Danes ; fo was it as confiderable in Times of the i?#»4»/. 
thefflTimes of the litf«r^»x, as we gather y from the JgJ^ ""^^^ ^""^ 
Gold J Silver and Brafs Cojns^ which have been fre- 
quently found. This hath been noted both by Mr. Iceland 
and yix. Camden*^ but neither of them hath mentioned to 
what Emperors any of thefe Ctifns belong'd. Dr. Flot alfo 
faw a good Number; but he has not defcrib'd any of them, 
only he informs I us that thefe as well as the other Roman 
Coyns which he had feen found in divers other Places of this 
Country^ were moft of them of the Emperors between Coc-- 
cejui tferva and Jteodofius II. exclufively. 



« See Mr. Leland*s Bin. Vol. IL fol. ii. fi Loco cit. 
y The very Name alfo ftiews it to have been a Town of 
note among the Remansy we having no Tovm to which 
Chefter^ or Ceafier^ as the Saxons writ ir, is added but what 
was certainly Boman^ as has been noted by Mr. Burton on 
Antoninus^ and fince by Dr. Giifon in his excellent Edition 
of the Saxon Chronicle at the End, in the Rules for Inter- 
pretation of Places^ fub CASTER, t Nat. Hlfi. of Ox- 
fordjhirej ch. X. §. 7?. 



§• ay. Thefe 



And (bmtimes Urnt 
9nd LMgbrymdtories. A 
C§y» of ChriJ^ut and a- 
nother of Gallientit, 
GdUUiuu a dijfolufe, 
vicious Prince. 



Ah Account of fame Antiquities 
§. ay. Thefe Coyns are generally found on the 
South-Wefi Part of the Town in a F/V/^ of a ^/^c* 
5'Mf/, in which is likewife Variety of other Remains 
of Antiquity. Some of the Inhabitants lately ac- 
quainted me that not long ago were found in it 
an Urn with two Lachrymatories and a Skull and 
fome other Bones of an Human Boify-y but it feems the Per^ 
fans that difcover'd them being altogether ignorant of the 
ufe of fuch Remains of Antiquity ^ they took no manner of 
Care to preferve them, but broke them to pieces before any 
one of ikiU and Curiofity could have a View of them. The 
Coyns which I have feen dug up at this Place are of diflFerent 
kinds ; but I fliall take notice of only two at prefent, one of 
Criffus and the other of Gallienus ^ of both which for your 
better and fuller Satisfaction I have fent you exaS Draughts : 




' *Tis true Occo and others make mention of thefe Coyns^ (and 
for that reafon it may be fome will think it needlels to. 
trouble you with thefe Draughts of them ;) but thefe Authors 
have omitted feveral Particulars about them which curious 
and accurate Men are defirous of knowing. Gallienus (how- 
ever flattered as a mild^ virtuous Prince in the Infcription on 
the Arch which is printed in Dcnatusn) was an Emferor of 
a vicious^ diffolute Life. He had the crabbed^ f^^o^ fover 
Temper of his Father Valerian (who raised the Eighth General 
Perfecution againft the Chrijiians) was a great H^fier of the 



tt De urbe Roma^ apud Gravii Thef Ant, Rom. Tom. III. 
col. 7od. 

Pub- 



Between Windfoir and Oxford. iyj 

VuUlck Treafure^ and was fo carelefs about the Welfare of his 
SuijeSs^ that clivers Nations were ftirr'd up to Rehellion^ 
Being now invaded from all ^luarters^ he was oblig'd to 
fiiift as well as he could for himfeif ; but he had exafperated 
all forts of Feople to that Degree by his loofe kind oiF Life 
that he could not now by any Perfvafions or Artifice gain 
upon their AffeSions^ but fell a Sacrifice to their Indignation 
being llain the xvth. year of his Reign An, Ch. ccLxviii. 

§. %6. But notwithftanding GaUienus was fo ne- 
gligent, and fo much addiSed to Viee^ yet when - ^'^ ruccefsful In 
L^oaJs j^crc mzd^ upon the Empire by fuch a iZ'. %^"d& 
Jdultttude of Enemies he was oblig d to go ni Per- the Decennatia. ac 
fon againfi: them, and in fome of his Expeditions which time ^0711/ and 
he came of viSorious^ particularly in that againft ^^'^'^t were ftruck. 
the Goths in the xth.Year of his Reign, in which ^1 M,w^Li^*fnd 
Year the Scythians laid waft a good Part of ^la^ perhaps Dmbtfitr. 
and burnt the Temple of Diana at Efhefus. Thefe 
Tumults inflam'd the Emperor fo much that he causM a large 
Body of Souldiers to be (lain at Byzantium^ and returning to 
Rome the fame Year, as if he had been compleat Conqueror ^ 
and had now a Refpit for carrying on his Debaucheries^ he 
order'd the Decennalia to be celebrated with that Pomp and 
Magnificence as had hardly been heard of before; and 'tis 
poffible that had not the PuUick Enemy diverted him imme* 
diately^ he would have commanded thefe Games to be in*- 
ierted m the Kalendar^ as Augufius (who was the firft that 
inftituted them) had done many Years before. 'Twas in 
this Year that our Dorchefler Coyn was ftruck. The Infcription 
of which on the Reverfe Apollini cons avg fliews 
that the* Emperor attributed the Succefs he had met with in a 
good meafure to the Providential Care of Apollo. 'Tis pro- 
bable that the Souldiers and Inhabitants of Dorchefler were 
Partakers in the Joy that was conceived in divers Places of 
the Empire for the go6d Fortune of Gallienus^ who was not 
fo much deferted but that he had a good Number of JFr/VWxj 
at leaft 'twas not feafonable in times of the Emperors Prof- 
ferity to fliew any Difrefpedl to him^ And as Coyns and 
Medals were ftruck at Rome upon this Occafion of publick 
Rejoycing^ fo they were like wife zt other Places, as is evident 
from the Letters or Figures at the Bottom ot fome of the 
Reverfes. An Inftance may be taken from the Coyn before us. 
The Figure at the Bottom fecms to be the Remains of the 
Letter L^ and perhaps denotes that it was ftruck at London. 
In the Notitia Imperii indeed London is not mention'd 
amotigft the fix Mint Towns ^ and. there is none of them tl\at 
occurrs there that begias with L except Lvgdunum^ ahdfo L 

Vol. J. U in 



\ 



Ij^ ^n Account offome Antiquities 

in this Cifyn will ftand for that City. But this is to be und^r-^ 
ftood only of the frincifal Mint Towns. For 'tis plain from 
fevcral Cojns on which LoN is vifible that Medals and Coy?ts 
were ftruck at London^ and if 'twas not one of the chief fa» 
'tis probable it might, tho' not reckoned as fuch when tne 
Notjtia was firft made) yet 'twas at leaft plac'd amongft: 
thofe that were inferior and fubordinate to the reft. If L be not 
the Letter on this Coyn^ I do not know but it may be the 
Remains of a D, and that it ftands for Dorchefier. This is 
only Surmife. Yet 'twill defeiTe your Inquiry whether this 
City might not be one of the leffer Mint-Towns^ and be under 
the Procurator Monetae at London^ as he was under one of 
the VI. frincipal Procurator es Moneta of the Empire? 
Th r f G / 5* 2-7. What made Gallienus infcribe thefe Coyns 
tienm^si^cr^lgotns to Afollo was chiefly his being preferv'd from a 
to ^p0tu. The Gryffin violent Pef Hence that happen d m Rome and the 
iakrcd to^ptiu, Tfinr- Cities of Achaja tt which cut of a great many thou- 
••'•J '** ^, ^rider^ fand jn ^ Y^^j Gallienus was not fingular in con- 
S^JnI!"%ht % fecrating this Kind of Monuments to Apollo. C. Fi- 
gures of the Gryffin in Hus Trebontanus Gallus did the fame thing, as is ob- 

' .Aldrtvanimiomewhut f^tv' d by Fomponius LiBtUS in hXsUll^Q. And ApOL- 
diflPerentfromthaton njjj Invicto is frequent in ancient Stones. That 
tkeC^moiG^Uunus. j^-g Gratitude might be the more confpicuous^ Gal^ 
Hems order'd the Gryffin to be put upon his CoynSy which 
tho' it be a fiSitious Bird^ yet 'twas believ'd to be real by 
the Ancients^xA 'tis mention'd as fuch by Mela^ Solinus and 
Apulejus, 'Twas look'd upon as facred to Apollo^ and for 
that reafon the Poets made his Chariot to be drawn by Gryffins. 
Since therefore the Ancients took this Bird to be real^ Occo 
and others do not defcribe it rightly by calling it monfirum 
alatum^ it being not look'd upon as monfirous by them any 
more than other Birds. The Seventy TVanflaters however 
could not but know it to be fiBitiout^ and therefore when 
^9^ is made ufe of by them in Levit. XL 13. and "Deut. XIV. 
I a. we ought to unaerftand no more by it than ^mifnt, as 
is noted by Bochart. The Figure of this Bird as reprefented 
in our Coyn ought to be wcely obferv'd by fuch as are curious ^ 
being in iome things diflFerent from the feveral Figures that 
are given of it by Aldrovandus. 
The charaaer of §. a8. The Other Coyn which I mention'd is of 
CtiifHt, His Hfitimeij pl, JuUus Crifpus^ the eldeft Son of Confiantine the 
t)»Mh. rhevicennniia Q^g^^ ^y Minervtna. This Prince was born at Aries ^ 
celebrated the fame ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^j^^^ j^^ j^.^ ^^^^^^ • ^^ ^1^^ Year 



« See Trebell. Pollio de vita GaUieni fenioris c# j. 

cccxvi. 



Between Windfor and Oxford. ly 

CCCXVI. Hewas avery*^/f«f(/»/, eouragtous^ mlld^ Year he died, o 
tbaft^ confiant and Vktuous Prince. He was edu- the r«j«/ uoon 
cated in the Chriftian Religion under the Infpedion ^^^^^^'^ "P^***^ 
of LaBantius^ and was poffefs'd with all his Father's Virtues 
without the leaft tinfture of his Vices. Two Years after he 
was made Cafar he vanquilh'd the Francks and Alamanus in 
the Depth of Winter : and two Years after that he beat at 
. Sea jimandus the Admiral of Ucinius^ having the Year im- 
mediately preceding fought alfo with much Reputation a- 
gainft Licinius and his Party, At laft this Good Prince being 
often follicited to JVickednefs by his Mother-in-Law Paufia^ 
and reftifing to fatisfy her Lattt^ fhe thereupon turn'd ner 
l^ove into Hatred^ and accus'd him to C^»/?iar»//»f^ pretending 
that he attempted to force and debauch her. The Emferor 
' (being perhaps afraid that this good Prince j who had obtained 
ib many conhderable ViBories^ and was honoured by all Men. 
would prove too great for him) liftenM to the Words and 
SuggeJHons of this lafcivious^ wicked Woman^ and condemnM 
him to dye without permitting him to fpeak in his own 
yufiification. Accordingly be was put to Death by Poyfon 
at Pola a City of Ijlria. But this rajb and unjuft Proceeamg 
created fo much trouble to the Emperor afterwards, that his 
Confcience became very refilefs and unquiet^ and he com- 
manded his Wife Faufta to be ftifled in a Bath that was over- 
heated, and by way of Attonement erefted a Statue of Silver 
with an Head of Gold to the Memory of Criffus with this 
Jnfcriftion (betokening his Injufiice) HAIKHMENQ, and 
made divers excellent Decrees in Favour of the ChriJiianSm 
The fame Year he was poyfon'd, it being the tenth Year af- 
ter he was created cJfar^ the Vicennalia were celebrated, 
and Vows were made tor his Prosperity. Coyns and Medals 
were, according to Cuftom^ ftruck upon that Occafion, of 
which this that was found at Dorchefter is one. The Vow$ 
were made in a Temple^ and thence 'tis that we have a 
Temple (not cippus^ as Oreo calls it) on the Reverfe with 
voTis XX --P LON fliews that *twas ftruck at London^ 
and we may thence gather that thefe Vicennalia were cele-r 
brated in moft, if not all. Parts of the JSw/>iW. The Figure- 
of the Sun^ with the three Starrs over, fliews that Cri^ui 
attributed all his Succefs to Providence^ and the War being 
now concluded by him, a blejfed Peace {beata n tranquilitas^ 

« ^Tis at larg:e Beata TRANQjjiLiTAsin ano- 
ther Coyn of Criff»us that I have feen dug up in the cMe on 
the South'Wefi Part of Dorchefter. Which perhaps there^ 

U \ fgrQ 



^ 



lyS At$^ Account offome Antiquities 

fo the Coyn is to be read and correded) enfued, which 

caus'd univerfal Joy'y but this Joj foon vanifli'd upon Newa 

of the Murder oi Cri^us. 

My friend difap- §, %f). From D^rchejfer you did not go diredlly 

^ntedmhisExfpe- ^^ Oxford, but pafs'd to AhUngton, where you ob- 

wilhW«r^3. fejrvM nothing more than what has been already 

FAfers at sAbbingtM. taken notice of m printed Authors. You exfpecced 

AnHift9r$cMiFr^miH$ to have met with fome Minufcrift Papers relating 

concerning a Battu to this P/acei but it feems the Gentleman who had 

5!:: J^'.^ri:''' them formerly in Kis C./.A has parted with them, 

and he inform d you that fome of them are loft; 

for which I am fomething concerned, becaufe I am very fen- 

fible that in this Abhey were divers Hijiorical Manujcrifts^ 

which contained a great many Particulars not taken notice 

of by thofe who have written ex frofejfo of the Englijh 

Kftory. But what I am concern'd for at prefent is, that I 

am inclined to think that a certain Pajfage which I met with 

in a Manufiript (that I have lately printed tt) in the Bod-* 

lejan Library, containing fome CollekionsofMt.Leland^might 

be illuftrated from {iichPapers. He there tells usi8,eitber froni 

fome Saxon Chronicle, or from Roufe's Hiftorical CoUeBions, 

or elfe from fome other valuable Book, (for the Note bQing 

put in the Margin I cannot be pofitive from whom, thcr 

perhaps it was from the Chronicle of Ofney quoted juft be-?? 

tore) that in the Year dcccxxi. was fought a great Battle 

between Egbert, King of the Wefi-Saxons, and Ceolwulph^ 

King of the Mercians, in a Place between Ahbington and O.v- 

' fi^^') c^llcfd Cberrenkul, in which Ceolwulph was overthrown. 

A^. Dk 8ii. fuit grave heUum inter Egbertum regem Weftr 

Saxonnm & Ceolwulphum regem Merciorum inter Abingdon 

C^ Oxford m loco qui Cbeppcnhul dicitur, vi&ore Egberto, 

, This Fragment of our Englijh Hiftory is very confiderable^ 

^here being not one pubUlh'd Author, that I remember, that 

mentions any Battle to have happen d at this time between 

A^bington and Oxford. Nor is there any other Memorial 

that I can learn ot any Place being callM Cherrenhul, except 

iMlfK^ell-Farm at the Weft End of a great Field (commonly 

call'd Himkfey-Field) on the North-Side of FoxcomB-Htll', 

which from fome Remains of Military Works thereabouts. 



fore came from another Mnt, or elfe the Curators and O- 
verfeers of the Mint at Borchefter took care that the Er- 
tars that were occafion'd by fome Under ^workmen Ihould 
be reaify'd. a At ph^ End of the IVth. Vol. of Leland'$ 

and 



Setween Windfor a^d Oxford. lyy 

and from the Likenefs of the Name^ I take to be the F/ac^ 
noted in the Fragment^ which perhaps ought to be correfted 
Cheffenhull^ the Saxon p and jf being oftentimes hard to be 
diftmguifli'd in Manufcrifts. At this Tlaa^ which was form- 
erly Part of Bagley Wood, was once a imall AUey^ as I 
learn from Mr. LelanJm^ that was built by one of the Nobles 
of Ctffa King of the Soutb-Saxons^ but afterwards tranflated 
to Seukejbam^ which from thence was call'd Ahlnngton. The 
Saxon Chronicle /Shas nothing more under this Year, than 
thzt, Ceolwulfh was depriv'd of his Kingdom. An. dcccxxi. 
Hep peapV Ceolpulp hij- picef bej-apcb, or befcepeb. 
And other Authors fay, that he was not only defrWd but 
murther'd this Year by Bernulfh his Succeffor^ who ufurped 
the Kingdom. But then they. tell us no other Circumfiances ^ 
whereas if this Fragment be genuine^ (as I fee no reafon to 
queftion it) we have a plain Pfv^/that Ceolwulfh was brought 
to great Extremity by lofs of this Battle with Egbert ; fo that 
his ambitious Adverfary Bemulfh might eafily t^e an oppor- 
tunity to dethrone and deftroy him, in which I do not doubt 
but ne received no fmall Affifiance from CeolwulfVs own 
SubjeSs^ many of which were willing enough to liften to 
one who macle folemn Proteftation that he would defend 
them againft King Egbert's Forces^ which accordingly he did 
for fome time; but Egbert at laft quite vanquifhxl him at 
El/enduny, (fuppos'd to be Wilton in Hampjhire) by which 
the Eafi- Angles^ his inveterate Enemies^ had an opportunity 
given them of murdering him. 



§. 30. When you are confidering this Fajfage^ And another relating 
'twill be worth your while alfo to caft your Eye *®. ^"^"^J*^^ '% 
upon another Fragment of our Hi^ory^ in the Page IJJ^?„f J * t ox/irS: 



immediately following, concernmg Robert Poleyn^s This latter Fn^mttiii 

?romoting the Study of Divinity at Oxford in the correacd, and an Ex- 
ear M cxxxi 1 1 , which , it feems, had for fbme Years {TsS^*** « « vindicate*! 
been almoft quite negleSed Other H^..^^^ S^c^^r" 
have menaond this Decay ^ and X.tf/iJ»// himfelf has 
infifted more particularly upon the Service he did the Uni- 
verfity of Oxford in the Account he' hath given us of the Life 
of this grejat Man in the IV*. Volume of his Colle&anea 

«« In one Part of his Itinerary tranfcrib'd by Mr. Stowe^ 
and communicated to me by my ingenious^ tho* unknovn^ 
Friend Mr. D avi e s c^ Lhannerch ^izntly Gentleman-Com- 
moner of Brazen^-Nofe-CoW. Oxon. fi Edit. Gibfon p. 70. 
y See Saxon. Ckron. fub. an. Dcccxxiii, and Dr, Gibfyn's 
Ipcerpretation of Names at the End. 

which 



t^i An Account ^ffiwM Antl^iuitiit 

which treats de Scrlftoriius Brltanmcis. From thence aad 

from Mr. Ifiod^s Antiquities of Oxford tt\mll be plain that 

fox fludium facntm literarum we ought to read in this Paffage 

fiudtum facrarum literarum. This unhapfy and fcandaUus 

rJegled of the Study of Divimtj is exprefsxi in this Fragment 

by the Word abfoherant^ which feveral of your friends 

think (and they are very fofittve in the Matter) ftiould be 

corredted oBfiluerant. Abfolverant (fay theyj is certainly 

an Error of the Scribe, and Jbould any one be fo abfurd as to 

follon the Manufcript when there is a palpable and grofs Mif- 

take ? The fenfe requires obfoluerant ^ Jo it Jhould have been 

frinted^ and we doubt not but ^twas fo written in the Original 

Manufcrift. What thefe Gentlemen advance is very plaufible^ 

and r am fenfible that obfoluerant is the word made ule of 

in another Fragment upon the fame occafion in Mr. WooJ^s ' 

Antiauities. But in Uefence of the Exfreffion I have pu- 

blifli d I muft obferve to them (firft) that^tis exaSify wri- 

ten (as I have printed it) abfolverant^ with an a and a v 

Conlonant in our Bodlejan Manufcript. (Secondly) that abf^ 

eleo^ or abfolefco^ is a Compound of abs fi and oleOj or olefco. 

(Thirdly) that oleo and olefco make either olut or olevi in the 

Frater-ferfeB. (Fourthly) that confequently the Compound 

abfoleo and abfolefco make either abfolui or abfolevi. (Fifthly) 

that notwithftanding in very old Manufcripts we have both 

the u Vowel and the v Confonant made thus U, yet the 

moft ancient Writers did not diftinguifh the Form of the u 

Vowel and v Confonant, but made them both thus y y« 

That therefore (fixthly) abfolverant (as I have printed it) is 

the mofl ancient and authentick way of writing this Word^ and 

was probably fo written in the Manufcript made ufe of by 

Mr. Leland. I forefee nothing that can be reply'd to this, 

unlefs it be that perhaps they will fay that abfolverant with 

a V Confonant is a wroTtg way of writing it, becaufe we do 

not by that diftinguifli abfolverant that comes from abfoleo 

' or abfolefco from abfolverant that comes from abfolvo. But 

I am not concerned about the modem DiftinStion. 'Tis e- 

nough if I obferve to them that the Ancients did diftinguifh 

the one from the other by Pronunciation. Abfolverant from 

abfoleo or abfolefco they pronounc'd as if it had been written 

with a u Vowel, and abfolverant from abfolvo^ as if it had 

been written with a v Confonant, or the jEolick Digamma 

m Sub an. mcxxxiv. fi See yoj/i^s de Analogia lib. III. 
e. II. y So in the Fifan and other old Marbles. 

Fm. 



Between Windfbr a»d Oxford; ir^ 

Fm. If this be not fathfaSoty^ I fliall beg leave to ask them 
how they think they diftinguim'd/i/w that comes from fileo^ 
(which makes either yi/v/, [i. c./olui^ for I noted before that 
the mofi muient Wrsters did not diftinguifli the Form of the u 
Vowel and v Confonant,] or foHuisfum in the FtAter-perfeB) 
ftomfihi that comes from foho f When they have anfwerd 
Ais ^uefiion^ 'tis probable they will therafelves clear fuch 
I>ifficulties that are or fliall be made with reference to the Word 
that occurrs in our excellent Fragment. 

S. ?i. As you were paffing between Abhington An .id Rim^mtaU 
„ Oxford^ and inquiring of fome Perfons of Cu- ption feand at the 
riofity concerning the Antiquities of feveral Flaces ^!^^ ^[^ ^"tnt sdn 
in the Cotmtrj^ as well as concerning the State of ^»°n<>^^-^/. 
t^srmng in the Univerfij, you was informed by one of them 
that I had lateljr found an eld Reman Infcrlption written at 
the End of a printed SaUufi in the Bodlejan Library. The 
Gentleman that gave you the Information being a Perfon of 
Siill and Learning happen'd to have a Copy whicn I had com- 
municated to him. it feems you was extremely well pleasM 
with this Fragment of Antiquity (as ypu are with all things 
of that nature) and as foon as you lighted at O^ord you did 
not forget to oifcourfe with me upon that Subject, and to in- 
joyn me to fend you an exaH Copy of it. The other Task 
that you imposM upon me is greater than is confident with 
my other Bujinefs (to which you are no Stranger) and could 
not but be look'd upon by you as a good reafon why I 
fliould deny you this Favour : but there being not much 
time required for difpatching this Affair^ and being withal 
very much concerned for promoting and advancing the 
Worthy Defigns you have formM for the Benefit of the Fuh^ 
Hckj Inave endeavoured to gratify your Requeft^ by fending to 
you the following Copy^ which I have taken with all due Accu- 
racy^ and have mftin^ilh'd what is contained in each Line 
by Figures. 



n See Amoldus Rumannus^ Roma Attica, p. 8. 



I HOS- 



I<f© 



An Account of feme AxftijultUt 



I HOSPES % DeiCO PAVLVAV GST ASTA 
AC PGLLIGE 

i HIC eST SePVLCRVM: HAV PVLCRVM 
PVLCRAI FEMINAI 

J NOMEN PARENTGS NOMINARVNT 
CLAVDIAM 

4 SVOM MAR6ITVM CORDG DIL6XIT SOVO 

y GNATOS DVOS CREAVIT: HORVC 
ALTERVNC 

6 INT6RRA LINftT: ALIVM SYBTGRRA 
LOCAT 

7 SERMON6 LGPIDO: TVM GTIAM IN- 
CeSSV COMODO 

8 DOMVM SGRVAVIT 

9 LANAM FGCIT 

lo DIXI ABGI. 



ThUinfcripthnmore §. J2. The Sattufiy from which I havc rranfcrib'd 
eorreaiv priiit«l by this htfcflftlon^ which is to the Honour of Clau-- 
u,tlianb)rGna.r,&c. ^;^^ ^ beautiful^ ingenious^ modefi and dtfcreet Lady, 
*Tugtnmn€. ^^ ^ Copy of the Edition that was printed in Folio 

at Venice by Baptifia ie Tortts in the Year cidcccclxxxi. 
I think from thele Words, Pardus Urjlnus fcripRt^ on the 
Infide of one of the Covers ^ that *twas tranfcrib'd by Fuhius 
Vrpnus^ and that he took it exadly from the Stone then pre- 
ferv'd at Rome^ tho' fince loft. *Tis exftant likewife in Sme-^ 
tilts and Gruter^ as alfo in Ferferius's Mufa Lapldarla ; and 
Angelus Roccha i Camerlno in his Blhllotheca Vdticana makes 
ufe of it when he is fpeaking of the old Orthography. All of 
them Ipok'd upon it as genuine. Nor do I fee any reafon 
as yet to- think otherwife, tho' I know that it has been 
queftionM by fome very learned Men^ particularly by my 
late excellent Friend Dr, Thomas Smith (to whom I 
had fent it) in the laft Letter I received from him. (be- 
ing dated at London April the firft, 1710. about fix 

Wee]|i 



Behfieen Windfor and Oxford. ^^i^ 

Weeks k before he died-) in which however he offered 
no reafon for his Su^Uitm^ being at that time incapable of 
writing down his Thoughts upon Account of his ill State of 
Health. Urfinus*^ Copy (for fo I will call it) is much more 
corredl than that of the other learned Antiquaries before 
quoted, he having obferv'd the Form of the Abhreviations 
and LetterSy which are in fbme relpeds different from what 
I have noted of them in other Monuments of the like nature^ 
and perhaps that might giveoccafion to fomeof fufpedingit's 
Genuinefs^ but the Expreffions and CharaSer are modefi^ and 
every way anfwer the Style and Decorum of the Anctentsi 
and the Manner of writing is conform to the oldeft Method 
of the Romans^ and I believe we may as well bring into 

2[ueftion the Columna Roftrata^ the Monument to Scifio Bar^^ 
atus^ that of the Bacchanalian L»aws^ and fome others (that 
are confefs'd and allow'd to be authentick) as well as this, 
which was a plain Monument^ hau fulcrum^ as 'tis here 
worded, for haud^ or haut^ fulcrum ; where we fee the d or 
/ is omitted, and it fliews in fome meafure that Gerard 
Voffius was miftaken when he deny'd that this Word came 
from the Fhcenician au. I fliall not trouble you with the 
Variations of Urjinus*s Copy from the others, but will leave 
that to your own hsdujhy and Obfervation. I will only re- 
mark to you (firft) that the Latin Letter E is made thus (iQ\ 
in fome other Monuments which I have feen, particularly in 
a Brafs Coyn /S of Tetricus the Elder found lately with a great 
Number of other Coyns (all inclos'd in two Earthem Pots) 
at Coningsborough about three Miles Weft from Doncafier ia 
Torkjhire^ fome of which have been prefented to me by the 
Reverend and Learned Mr. Marmaduke Fothergill 
of FontefraS in that County. (Secondly) that feUige in the 
firft Line is for feUege (as Ferrerius has it) or ferlege. (Thirdly) 
that A I for A£ occurs in Abundance of eld Fragments aud 
Remains^ and particularly in a Brafs but fcarce Coyn of the ' 
larger Size to 'the Memory of A^iffina^ Mother to Nero^ 
which I have feen in the Hands of a very worthy Friend, and 
if genuine (for I very much fufped it) is of equal Value with 



«• See my Preface to Antoninus^ % Bin. through Britainy 
printed with Dr. Rob. Talbofs Notes at the End of the Eld. 
Vol. of LelantPs Itinerary, fi The L^cription is LaGtitia 
AVON, not AVGG as 'tis in Occo. /Twas ftruck in the 
Year cclxxiv. at which time Tetricus and his Sqo fiibmit- 
ted themfelves to Aureltan. 

Vol. J X iff. 



figx A» AccButd of feme AntijnttUs i^e. 

Ws Scareenefs. fTis a Cohny Ptete^ and I remember (for 1 
had only zfl'rgbt View) that there are thefe Words upon it: 
Memoriai Agrippinai, which way of writing -4^/>- 
fmof is like wife us'd in an excellent Monument in Gruttr «. 
And that (fourthly") between the Letters R and V of the 
Word H o RV c in tne fifth Line was firft of all written N 
over head, as if it (hould be read horvnc, but that after- 
wards it was ftruck out by the fame Hsuid. 
There itcNitfri^i only $• 39* What I have drawn up at your Requeft is 
a Sfitimen of wjiat nothing but a Sfecsfnen of a great Variety of Re^ 
might bedone for this ^^^^ ^^ Oifervations that might be made through 
S?23^J^-^Jm! ^1 the Counties of ihis Nation by Perfons of better 
Abilities and more Leifure, A Man of a true Gr- 
0ius for Antiquities^ that hath an opportunity of Travelling 
and CoUediing, and is afterwards able to judge of his Cot^ 
kSionSj will make fuch Dijcoveries as will be either whoBf 
new^ or at leaft will sUuftrate and clear divers intricate and 
idffcure Fajfages in our old Hifiorians. But we muft not ex- 
i^€t to lee this done to purpofe'till it be promoted and ad- 
vanced by Men oi large EJiates^ and by thofe that have got the 
tioh and great Vreferments in their Hands. Whenever that 
happens we (hall have good reafon to look totaceurateDraugks 
and excellent Accounts of that noUe CoUsSion of ancient Mar^e 
Statues prefervM in the Gardens of Sir H^Biam Farmer^ noW 
Lord Lemfftef^ at Efion in Northamfton-Jbire^ (which his 
Lordiliiphappiiy bought of the Dutcheis Dowager of Norfolk^ 
flie that was before Mrs. Bickerton) and of other venerable 
jfionuments of Auii^ity difpersM up and down this Kingdom. 
This is an Undertaking that has been a long time defir^d, and 
when it is attempted, carry'don, and confummated, it can- 
not fiiil of meeting with due Approbation from all fuch as 
have any Love for Learning or Antujnity. I am fare 'twill 
be very acceptable to your lelf, as 'twill alfo to. 

Sir, 
Your moil humble Servtot, 



Tho. Hearne. 



BoDLEjAN Library 

Aug. lO. MDCCXI. 



<« F. cctsitn. n. o. 

APPEN. 



tCf 



APPENDIX. 

NUM. 1. See fag. 123. 

Out of Mr. DodfufMVs MSS. Coll. Vol. cxk. f. y8. a. 

Communia de afin0 18. E. II. termiM Fufch^. 

SuiTex Ro. 9 ex parte Aiifiralu 

Hohrtut de SheUtbreekm 
tempore Hen. ^. i 

yeannerz::. 

I 

Guilielmutz±Roefa filia 
Vizdehn. & heres. 

MArT. de Shoteshroke tenetur de Domino Rege in ca-Mf^f. 
pite per fervitium inveniendi carbonem ad tabricAn- J* **^"/^ 
joronam Dm*. Regis, & fuum Regale, percipiendo <o«. Teanrt 
loden. per annum pro praedidio carbone inveniendo. De 
quibus Reginaldus de Favelay perquifivit didhim Man. Quod 
Man. tenetur per feriantiam. per fervitium inveniendi car- 
bonem ad auritabricam Dni. Regis, m £c ficut & ficut ad co- 
ro'nam fuam & Regale fuum, & percipietndo do'. io<i. per 
annum pro prardido carbone inveniend. fo. 16. 

NUM. II. SeeJ^ai. 113. 

Out of Mr. Dodfwrtlfs MSS. Coll.. Vol. Lxiv. f. 34. a. 
Efcaet. 4f . H. 3. num. 15. 

Haec eft Inquificio ftada per facramentum NsgeUl Stodard Berk C 
&c. quantum terras Rokerfus de Scetesiree tenuit de Domino ir«*«mi# d§ 
Rege in capice, & quantum xie aliis &c. Quj dicunt per fa- ^f«»M» 
cramentum fuum quod diAtts Rohertus tenuit die quo obiit 
de Domino Rege ih capite unadDi carucat. terras & dimid. in 
Scotehroc per fervicium militare, & reddendo inde per an* 
hum ad wardam c^&jiWip4^(»re xx». & debet fervicium Do- 



m SSe, 

X X mino 



mino Regi in exercitu fijo per quadragintft (lies ad cuftum 
fuum proprium. Et tenuit duas acras terras de Johamte ie 
Benetfeld pro fex denariis per annum, & quatuor acras prati 
.de Wtttelmo de U Tarfiane pro vi*'. per annum. £c dicunt 
quod Johannes filius ejufdem 'Rohertl eft ejus heres propin- 
quior aetatis trium annorum 2cc. In cujus rei teftimonium. 

NUM. III. See fag. laj. 

Ibid. Fol. 40. b. 

- , .^ Bfcaet. anno Incerto H. 3. num. loj. 

Roiertut de Sotestroc tenuit in capite de Domino Rege in 
Sotesiroc in comitatu Berk, duas carucatas terrse cum feryiciis 
liberorum hominum & villenag , pratis, bofcis, & aliis liber- 
tatibus ad didam terram pertincntibus valoris per annum 
XVI I lU faciend". eidemDomino Regi fervicium unius militis^ 
& cuftodix caftri de Uyndeljoure per annum xx». Et eft Ro^ 
tertus filius fuus proximus ejus heres, & eft hac die Purifica- 
cionis beatas Mar'ne anno remi Regis Henries xxxi^. de xtate 
XVI. annorum. JuratoF jlaa de Nigett. &c. 

NUM. IV. See fag, l^c. 
The Infcrsftion under the Bufi of Dr. Wallis that h fix*d to 
s FiUar on the N9rth-Bafi Side of the Pulfit of St. Mary's 
Cimrtb Oxon. 

JOHANNES WALLIS, S.T.D. 

Geometrias ProfefTor Savlliamus^ 

& 

Cuftos Archivorum Oxon. 

Hie dormit. 
Opera reliquit immortalia. 
Ob, OS. 28. AiD. 1703. iEt. 87, 

Filius & Heres ejus 

Johanne]} Wallis 

De Saimdefs in Com. Oxon. 

Armigcr 

. . P. 

NUM. V. See fag, 139. 

Obir/ 14. E. L m. f . De quadam Lfjuiptione eafta de hndis 
$ar0chi4i de Braye, & d^ibms & Macimhs^ &c. 

Inqui- 



Affen£x. Itff 

• Inqaifitio capta coram R. Fulcon. affignfto apud Bfyn^cm 
juzca Braye die Veneris in fefto Sandac JMdrgaretdf Virgini«, 
anno regni regis Edwardi terdodecimo, per facramentum 
BartMamei ie Erle^ Raherti de HuUe^ Roterti de Wauthamy 
Gilierti Maddok^ f^banms de Henefend^ Gedefridi de Hene^ 
fend^ febawnie de Sunm/ngejbull^ Regeri le Cras^ Rogers del 
H^ei^ Regeri Benejt^ Rehert de /a Cbaumtre^ & Edmunds de 
Uttfefemd^ ad hoc «juratos, & deconfenfu parcium eleAos. 
Qii dicunt fuper facramentum fuum, quod parochia de Braye 
inclpit apud Bodeleffele^ & fic fe extendit ufque ad domum 
H^M&eri de la Hame^ qui eft de parochia de IVjndef. & \, 
domo ejuTdem Walteri^ ufque ad Elyftr. quae eft bunda ver- 
fiis auftnmi. & ab illo loco ufque Hethtreve^ auae eft bunda 
verfus occidentem ; & fic ufque ad quendam locum in quo 
ftetit /B quoddam quercus qu« fuit bunda juxta Bradenbruggi 
& fic ab illo loco ufque Crukesfend^ quae vocabatur Vacherye 
Regum Anglia^ & nefciunt fi fit de parochia praedida, vel ^ 
n6n, fet femper de antiqua cultura folverunt ecciefiae de Braye * 
decimas, de nova cultura folverunt decimas fiias de aliqua 
parte ad eandem ecclefiam, & de alia parte folverunt deci- 
mas aliquo tempore ecclenae Sarr. de novo ; & de quadam 
parte Dominus Kex fequeftravit decimas. Praeterea dicunt, 
quod de Cmkesfend extendit parochia nraedida ufque la Fayr^ 
boky quae eft bunda parochiae praedicbae ; & de la F^rhok 
ufque Wolvehe^ quae eft de parochia de \Wautham Abiatis ; 
& fic de Woivelye ufque ad Maydenhith. Et quaefiti fi Ab- 
bates Cyrenceflr. qui pro tempore fuerunt, ceperunt aliquas 
decimas extra bundas praedidas, dicunt^ quod non, nifi tan- 
tummodo ficut fupradidum eft. Et quia nondum tiiit plene 
declaratum^ utrum Cruchefend effet bunda parochiae de^Braye^ 
nee ne ; didum fiiit eiWem Juratoribus, quod fe plenius 
inde cerciorarent. Ita quod ad certum diem eis praefigendum 
Jpfum Robertum cerciorarent, ita quod omnes Juratores ve- 
nerint coram eodem Roberto apud Cruchefend die Lunx 
proxima poft feftum exaltationis Sanda: Crucis, praeter Ro^ 
iertum de Wautham qui mortuus eft. & Robertum Beneyt qui 
infirmabatur ; ita quod partes in oidum eorum confenfe- 
runt. Et dicunt fuper facramentum fuum, quod Cruchefend 
fuit quondam vaccaria Domini Regis, & eft in le Fryth-^ & 
quod homines de Cruchefend fecerunt ecclefiae,de Braye^ & 
adhuc faciunt. exceptis duabus culturis, omnes decimas & 
oblaciones inae provenientes, fet intelligunt fi Cruchefend 



m Zs. juratorum* & mex eledorum. fi F. quondam^ vel 
^uaedam. 

nunc 



ttoflc jpfimo redigeretar in culturam qood ecde&i de Bfaye 
nihil mde caperet. QiUBfiti qua radone, dicunt, ^fuod Crucbe^ 
find eft in le Frttb^dc ie iM^ib nicfau perti^et «d Brayie ; 
dkunt etiam, quod per ducento6 annos 6c amplim perce- 
penint redores eocleuae de Btm obladones, 8c omnimodas 
decimas inde piovenienees. Frsecerea dicont^ ipiod omaes 
cerne contentae in oedula prseTentibus interdola redaAas &ie<- 
• mnt in culturam cicra quadraginta annos nunc proximo 
dapfos* 

£t memorandum, quod ifta Inquificio quam cito irrotu* 
lata flitc, liberata fiiit per mamimjF. Je LMngeUn die Mnfk 
in vigilia Apoil»lorum Pbi^piSc JucM^ Anno &C. \jl. Ma- 

g'ftio H. de Braume^m tunc Decano Sarr. Sc Hsnr. de Efi 
anonico ejufdcm ecclefias oun brevi originali. 



F I N I 



JA/M y J923.