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Full text of "The Itinerary of John Leland the Antiquary: Published from the Original MS. in the Bodleian ..."

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at jhttp : //books . qooqle . com/ 



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THE 

ITINERARY 

O F 

OHN LELAND 

THE 

ANTI QJJ ARY. 



Vol. the First. 



Publifli'd from the Original MS. in the 

BODLEIAN Library 

By Thomas H e a r n e M. A. 



To which is prrcfix'd 
M '. L e l A n d's New-Tears Gift : 

And at the end is fubjoyn'd 
■ A V'tfctttrje contenting fame Antiquities lately found in 

YORK-SHIRE. 



The Third Edition. 



OXFORD, 

Printed at the T H B A T E R for James Fletcher, Bookfeller 

in the Tttrl; and Jefeph Ptte, Bookfeller at Baton. 

MDCCLXVHI. 



E P1TSE0 

De Muftribusjfaglia fcriptoribus pag. 745* 
fub an. MDLII. in vita 

JO ANN IS LEL AND I 

Antiquarii. 



Quantum Rbenano debet Germama dofto, 

Tantum debebit terra Britanna mihi. 
Ille fuse gentis ritus & nomina prifca, 

TEftivo fecit lucidiora die. 
Ipfe antiquarum rcrum quoque magnus amator, 

Ornabo patriae lumina clara meae. 
Quae quum prodierint niveis inferipta tabellis, 

Turn tefles noftrae fedulitatis erunt. ' 

The fcid Verfes made either by himfclf, as the ftyle 
iheweth (faith Pits) or clfc by feme other in his name, were 
annex'd to Mr. L e land's Monument, in the Church of 
St. Michael in It £}utrne y London, as Mr. JVuvtr (Fun* Mop. 
p. 692.) had it by Tradition. 




THE 

PREFACE. 

$. i, v F we give ourfihis the trouble of infpeding 

■ a^ examining the f^eralCz^ OnwvKnljWAun 

■ have been made of the Works of our Bntifli however induftrim* in 
* Writers, Wi Jhall find that notwithjianding recording the fcvenl 

^e^r^if Variety which this Kingdom A« » all Ages ^w^'^SS 
produSd, jet very few, {/"any, IsaE oby /fffw us n^i^nt in giving at 
particular Defcriptions of it. They were always pun- ftrticabrDefcriptumif 
Qualto fet down in Books prepaid for that purpofe "' 
the feveral Tranfa&ons, both Eccjefuftical and CS- 
vfl, that faffd in this Kingdom, as well as in many other 
Places ; but then as to a Survey of it, they contented themfehes 
vntb general and loofe Accounts, Jucb as that which fands at 
the beginning of Bede's Ecclefiaftical Hiftorv ; a Description 
very flight ana mean if compared with the other Excellent Per- 
formances of that Great Man : and yet as flight and incon- 
fiderab)e<w it is % it has been made ufeofbythe Compilers of the 
Saxon Chronicle, as well as by others ; and I have feen it in 
fime MSS. by itfelf without the lead Notice taken that Bede 
urns the original, true Author of it. The reafon perhaps why 
the Monks were deficient in this Task was their Confinement 
to their refpe&ive Societies ; by which they were incapacitated 
for travelling and making Jucb Obfervations as were abfolutely 
necejfary for a juft and faithful Description of the Ifle. Had 
tbej been left at liberty, and been indulged ay fome Powerful 
Patrons, there is no doubt but they would have perform 9 dfucb a 
Work with the utmofl exa&nefs. We have reafon to think thus 
of them from what appears in the Monafticon, and in other 
Books, with refpeel to the Lands belonging to each Religious 
Houfe ; in accounting for which they ufd a more than ordinary 
exa&neis, and were often fo zealous in their Claims as to tranf- 
grefi the rules of Juftice it felf Hence it happen 9 d that they 
Jmrtimes forgd Charters, and pretended a Right to certain 
Grants that bad never been made either by the Kings and Princes 

a 2 to 



II THEPREFA CE. 

to whom attributed, or by any other Benefeftors. For which 
nafon thofe in Ingulfus, as well as feveral others* have been 
cuM'd into que/Hon andjudg'd to be fpuriotis. But ho w ever their 
Concern and Regard for the Good and Benefit of their Socie- 
ties, and the hindering of Enemies from invading their Lands 
and infringing their Privileges, might induce and fpur them on 
to makefuch unwarrantable Attempts, yet in other Points they 
religioufly kept to the rules of Juftice, and as they were again/l 
breaking in upon the Territories of their Neighbours, fi they 
were very careful to maintain their own undoubted Titles, 
and for that end kept exa& Regifters of the feveral Lands, 
Houfes, Tenehients, and of every thing elfe that belong 9 d ta 
each Society^ of which we have an admirable Example in the 
large Book of this kind drawn up for the ufe */*Leycefter Abbey 
by \Villiam Charitee, and mtitled by him Rentale Novum 
Generate, the Original whereof is now preferv'd in the Bod- 
lejan Library, in which Place I have likewife feen a Copy of 
feme part of it. 

§. 2. It muff however be acknowledged that Gyral- 
What GyraUus Qm- dus Oambrenfis made a Description not only of Ire- 
t^i^t°Z^^ lancl » **itktr ** ™sfe*t over by King Henry IL«v 

kind is in a great mea- » t . _ J { • £,.»• •Vt • 

fore fibuhus, and not becretary to ins Aon John, but Itkewtfe ofhu Native 
to be rdyM on. He Country of Wales, both which he had traveWd over 
S (•>?£&£ *»"/# We Dekriptions deriv'd ^onbim great 
Wala ;) yet wanting iq Honour and Reputation, and the former was recited 
the O x f o a t> MS3. (according to the number of the three Diftin&ions into 
M S M^&£ ****»**)& three Day, yfrkfin the Uni- 
yngtCbrtmcU. verfity of Ox F o r n, with the higheft Applaufe : 

after which 'twas difpers*d abroad, and divers Copies 
were taken, that being the ufual way ofpubti/hinr Books in thofe 
Times, when K none were permitted to be tran/crtb'd and expos* d 
9 till they had retenfd, by fitch a publick Recital, the Approba- 
tion of the beft Judges ; fnuch after the fame manner that Hero- 
dotus'* Hiftory was read publickly at the Great Olympic 
Games, where it was Jo well receivd as to be calPd by the names 
of the nine Mufes, not to mention other Excellent Books that 
Underwent the fame Tcik before they were dt/lributed about. But 
though Gyraidus muft be acknowledged to have done by thefe tw9 
Books very eminent Service, yet his Accounts for the mo/I part 
op* far from being accurate or to be rely % d upon. They are full of 
fabulous and incredible Relations, agreeable to the Humour of 
that Age ; and to pleafe the Readers the better he took care to in- 
fert the Pi&ures of the ftrange Animals and Cuftoms he de~ 
fcribet) being more follicitous tu that Affair, than in the other 

more 



THE PREFACE. m 

warn m**rid W profitable o*e, tUe**& Dimenfon y rir 
Countries oiu/ /A* ftate <mrf ufeful Pfodu&s /faw£ !ttf «p*. 

2#fc* Accounts bad born much bttter /f/iw Jmf £w* /(/> 
Mu, and if bit bad dwelt leftger upon the other Part, and 
endeavoured U have fiparated Truth from FaMhood. But to 
make fiau amends fir this, itfiems be made alfi a Map oflxz- 
haim: and perhaps be might do tbe like /of Wales ; whtcb, if 
fij woe aptoee of Service equal to tbe firmer. But whether 
Aon bo any Map in any of the Copy* new extant done from bis 
Survey, it tome altogether uncertain, banting not baa a con- 
vtAfceftt opportunity of confuting tbe foetal MS& We have 
imoGq&tA in Bodiey of bis Account ^Ireland, both upon Vel~ 
ha, andin one of them (which is mueb the more conQderable 
Copy) written about tbe time of King John in a lair, neat 
Hand* Figures *f Animals andfomo other Things treated ofoe* 
am her* and there, drawn altogether* agteeabU to tbeprailife of 
that Age* A great many other Pictures were onto in the Book; 
bat tbey have lien cut out by feme unskilful Perfons, juft asfioe- 
fWCurionties of the fame nature are known to have been taken 
out of other Boob of Hie Antiquity. New though this MS. 
bat fitch ornamental Figures, and has bad many others^ yet there 
h no Map m /#, nor does it appear from any Token now remain- 
ing that $t ever bad any. Nor indeed, if we could find any Map 
in am of tbe Copies ^Gyraldus ought we to exfpeel any exqui~ 
fite Performance 5 Jmce 9 tis well known that in the time *f Henry- 
II. the Mathematicks (which are requifitefirex^St Draughts) 
were at a very law £bb in thefi Parte, and % twas judged to bo 
the beft and mo/I accompHfh'd Part of Learning to he skiWd in 
Sophiftry and tbe Civil Lav £. 80 that if we could meet with 
any Mapps done JyGyraldus, 'tis likely they would be much fuch 
as that we fie gf Scotland at the End of a MS. of John Har~ l 
dyng'r Chronicle y in Mr. Selden** Archives \ which Map tar 
bat few Names, but to fit it out the better the Figures of fame 
of tbe chief Cities and Towns are reprefinted in a pretty large 
rehire, which takes up a good part of the Page. And the Di- 
▼ifiont of each Country arejomewhat ftrange and difagreeable, 
muebworfi than tbofi we fie in fime of the mo/I early Wooden 
Cats, which were however taken immediately from MSS. at 

m Hi ft. 8c Antlq. Univ. Oxen, fab an. MCLXXXI. fi Hifi. * 
Avtiq. Univ. Oxon. fab ann. MCL, MCLT, &c. y See what I 
have (aid of this Book in the Index to Sir John Sptlman'% Life or 
Alfred tto Or eat. 

ft 3 wort 



iv THE PREFACE.. 

were the firft Specimens of Printing at Harlem that org new 
preferv* din feme choice Libraries. 

§. 3. A little before Gyraldus flour ijh'd another 
Mfia* Stepbattu/ts't eminently learned Per/on, William Stephanides er 
^l^^t^ftf Fitz-Stephen, who writ a fliort but excellent De- 
^k/^Lh^GjrS- fcription of London, in an elegant ftyle conftdering 
J**. No woadcr that the Age in which the Author uifd. This has been 
^^^"f ™"" P^W* in ***» and Englilh by Mr. Stowe at tip 
*!£« ^R^^Di/1 End rf bis Survey of London j but being of a quite 
»w»fl did not dcape different nature from Gyraldus*; Books, we cannot 
ike Cuoc Fate. fuppofe that it bad any influence upon Gyraldus, fo as to 

induce him to undertake his Travels, and to tranjmst to 
Pofterity tbofe Relations be drew up. They were other Mo- 
tives that were the happy occafion of this ; and one would have 
thought that thefe Excellent Specimens of his Induftry and 
Care in accounting for his Travels and the various Occur- 
rences that befell him Jbould have wrought upon others to attempt 
the like Works, and to improve andcompleat what he had begun. 
But they were fi far from this, that the Generality would 
fcarce voucbfafe to have Copies taken \ and even tbofe that were 
Jo\\A to bis Memory as to get his Books tranfcriVd, nevertbe- 
lefs neglefted to have the Map or Mapps, which he bad drawn up 
with Jo much labour, committed to fych hands as Jbould give us 
faithful Copies thereof \ infomuch that at pre/ent there are few 
if any Copies at all remaining. But what need we wonder at 
this ', when we know very well that what the Romans had done 
Jeveral Ages before met with the fame Fate ? Vegetius mentions 
* the Itinerary Tables or Mapps, in which the jeveral Stations 
of the Roman Souldiers w*r* reprefented with as much Accu- 
racy as could be defied from Perfons ignorant in the Mathema- 
ticks. And yet of all thefe Tables (the number whereof was 
large) we have none now extant, but the Peutingerian Tables, 
publijh'd by Velferus, Ortelius and Bertius. Velferus has ofr- 
fervid that they are full of Errors and Miftakes, which he re- 
fohes into the fame Caufe that I juft now hinted at. However 
'tis a valuable Monument, and of great ufe in explaining the 
Roman Antiquities, and in tracing out their Jouruies, as well 
as difcovering the true Extent of the Empire. As for Antoni- 
nus s Itinerary, that is not done by way of Map, at leaft the 
Copies banded down to us are not drawn up infuch a Form. Nor 
indeed has that excellent Work efcap'd the Iniquity of Time, 
and the Mifchiefs following from ignorant Scribes. Though 

« Lib. HI. ie re Hilitari c.VI. 

feus 



THEPREFAC& v 

fim Copied were taken, if compared with divers other Books, 
yet even tbofe Jew were corrupted, and the fame corruptions 
have been aernfd down to us. Nay, not only bare corruptions 
in altering Words have happen' d to it, hut, in all probability, 
confiderable Pafiages have been omitted. I /ball not inftance in 
any other Books tSat have incurred and been fubjecl to the fame 
Accidents. This mayfuffice to /hew atprefent that the Monks 
and others were fo far from improving and cultivating Works of 
this bind, that they were not follicitous to preferve the Difco- 
veries that had been made for them* 

£. 4. Since therefore what the Ancients perform 9 d 
in this Part *f Learning with refpecl to Britain was TI * fady of Antjjvitia 
fo very Bttle, and fence even what they did received fo ?**??."*"' the ~ 

3 r J *~»i_ l tit j u*>n of Printing} andfezr- 

many and Jo great Changes, as to have Words cor- 6cuh*DefiHp?iLcS6m*- 
rupud ana entire Pafiages left out, it muft be granted **** were tbea undota- 
U be a moft difficult Task for any one in fuch a J* ; J* 2******* «f 
fcarriy of Materials to undertake a Defcriptton of I* te^£»!!j 
this Ifle as it was in more early Times, to illuflrate vm. when Mr. Ulnd 
ifs Antiquities, and to point out the Stations and *■• < ?5 ni i£ ?*^ f° *?" 
moft confiderable Pbces^ Romans. frhatJHIl^^^££ t 
renders the Undertaking the more difficult is that Hefyehhu curetted. 
after the Romans bad left Britain, their Succeffors 
of all kinds were negligent in this Afiair, and we hear of nothing 
extraordinary done this wen (unlejs we will except what has 
boon mention d before) 'tilt after the Invention of Printing. 
Tweu by this noble Art in a goodmeafure that Barbarifm was 
expeffd this Part of the World, and that what remain' drf the 
beft Authors was rendered immortal. A great many Countries 
then began to bob with lime Curiofity into their Antiquities, 
to explain what the firft Writers bad related of them, and to draw 
up Descriptions of eacbjotb according to thetr ancient and mo- 
dern State. Tet nothing was done of this nature for us in Eng- 
land "till a little before the Diffolution *f Religious Houfes by 
Bug Hen. VIII. Then it was that that moft celebrated An- 
tiquary Mr. John helznd fet about one of the greateft and one 
of the moft glorious Undertakings that either had or has been 
attempted h any Perfon, of whatever Country, in bis Circum- 
ftances. For being Library-keeper to that King, in the xxv ,h 
year of his Reign, be recentd a Commiffion from Him under 
the Broad-Seal, by virtue of which be had free Liberty and 
Power to enter and fear ch the Libraries of all Cathedrals, Ab- 
hies, Priories, Colleges, &c. as k'kewife all other Places 
wherein Records, Writings, and whatever elfe was lodg'd that 
rekudte Antiquity, He enter' d upon this Journey with an 

unufual 



S"*o L- 3> £**£> SB* 










*aL*6u* -%*- 



^ 







5*-3 



^ 






wii THEPREFACE. 

ment would have given fufficient fatisfaclim to all People if a 
fatal ftop had not bom put to his further Prorrefs by a Diftemper 
God was pleas* d to afilicl him with, which he was never able to 
Jbake off, notwithfianding all the Methods prefcriVd him by the 
moft Eminent Phyficians and his beft Friends. IJhall not here 
Jet dawn the fever at Titles of thole large Works he bad proposed, 
becaufe that has been done much better by himfelf in a little Dif- 
courfe, calf d his New Year's Gift, prefentedby him to King Henry 
VIII. which I Jball therefore publijb at the End of this Preface 
from the Original MS. and note down fome of the Variations 
that are between it and the Copy taken by the Care of Mr. 
William Burton «, as Ukewife between the other Editions of 
it that were fet out by Mr. John Bale fi, Ralph Brook y and 
John Weeverfc Amongft thefe Books we may obferve that 
he bad made exa£t Draughts as he traveWd of each County, 
* which he intended to have improved into a mojl accurate and 
compleat Map of all England ; which as it was to have been 
fold feparate, fo it was alfo to have went along, and been 
bound up, with his Defcription of England, a Work that 
would be of more general Ufe and of more lafting Honour. 
What would have rendered this Defcription more grateful to 
Men verfd in ancient Authors, and inclined to the love of 
Antiquities, is this, that he would have reftor 9 d the corrupted 
Names of Places in old Authors, and nave fuppbfd a great 
many Lacunae in them, particularly in Antoninus V Itinerary, 
whereof, 'tis likely, he had procurd fome very Ancient MSb. 
Copies, though loft foon after, when, at the Diffolution, there 
was fucb a ftrange and miserable Havock made of Books. 
JVe cannot but be very fenfible of the ufe fuch old Copies 
would be of in rectifying fucb Places, if we do, but confider 
what has been done by the Help of them by Surita and our 
Learned Country-man Dr. Gale. / cannot however but here 
take notice that whereas Dr. Gale has /pent feveral Words 
about the true Reading of this Paflage in thefecond Journey of 

m *Tis prefiVd to the Tranfcript of fome Parts of Mr. Lt land's 
Itinerary that he gave to the Bodlejan Library, fi Lend. MDXLIX. 
8vo. to which Mr. Bale added Annotations^ and A Regifter of the 
Names of the Englifh Writers that the fecond Part of bis Work, de 
Scriptoribus Britannia:, Jball comprehend, y Printed in MDXCI V . 
4 to. at the End of his Difcovery of certain Errours publijb' d in 
print in the mnch-eommended Britannia, i Jn pag. 688. of his ex- 
cellent Book call'd Ancient Funeral Monuments, Sec. Lond. 
MDCXXXL fol. 

Antoninus, 



THE PREFACE. jx 

Antoninus, A blato Bulgio Castra Explora- 
toium, and fives feveral Conjectures about A blato 
Bulgio, / think that there is no reafon to doubt that* with- 
it adding or taking away a Jingle Letter, A b l at o B u l- 
c i o is we true, genuine Reading. For fo I find 'twas writ- 
ten in an old MS. the Le&ions whereof are put down by fome 
Learned Hand in one of our Bodlejan Copies of Surita's Edi- 
tion ; yet this Observation is unhappily mifs'd tn the Improve- 
ments that were lately made to Dr. Gale's Annotations. The 
forft MSS. were written in Capitals, without any Diftin&ion 
of we Word from another* and there is no wonder that after- 
wards* when fitch Diftin&ions came to be made* divers Mis- 
takes Jbouldfatt out. What confirms this Le£tion is the Signi- 
fication of fiulgium, which is the fame with the Britifh or 
Welch « Bwlch, i. e. incile or aeftuarium. The Epithet latum 
was added to dijHngui/h it from other lefler iEftuaries. The 
Romans turrid Bwlch into Eulgium, that it might fuit better 
with their Pronunciation. 'Tis what they did in other Words 
that were otherwise purely Britifh. That latum was added 



for the reafon auedgd feems alfo evident from the Name 
that this Place ( Boulnefs is the modern Name )goes by it 
Anonymus Ravennas, (printed at the End of Dr. Gale's An 



toninus,) where y tis called fi Magnis; though others think 
that this has reference rather to Antoninus'/ Castra. 
Now as from this Inftance corrupted Words in Antoninus 
might have been corrected by Mr. Leland, fo withal he could 
have fubphfd other Places where 'tis as likely there are Lacu- 
nae. Vindomis or Silchefter in Hamp-fture was one of the 
mo/I large and moft confiderable Cities of Britain, whiyl the 
Romans continued here* and yet we find it omitted in the eighth 
Journey between Venta Belgarum and Calleva 
Atrebatum, which without quejiion was exftant in the 
Original, in which none of the chief Places were left out. 
Befides* it occur rs afterwards in the fifteenth Journey 5. which 
plainly Jbews that 'tis dropped in the eighth. Not only Places 
of greater moment were fit down* but fometimes thoje of lefs 
consideration, efpeciaUy if they were Forts and lay convenient 
for the Souldiers in their Paflage to the more eminent Stations. 
And this gives me occafion to mention a Difcovery in our Englifh 
Antiquities that was made lately. About 15 or 16 Years jince 
as they were ploughing in a Field near the Mannor Houfe of 
Feens {in Berk-fliire) fituate and being in the Pariflj of White- 

See Dr. Davis's Welch Ditlbttary. fi P*g. 146. 

b 2 Waltham 



THE PREFACE: 

Waltham or Abbots- Waltham (that formerly helongi to thr 
mft ancient Benedi&ine Abbey of Chertfey in Surrey 1 they 

Cd Upon the Ruines of an old Building; uton wbtcb Per- 
were imploy'd fever al days to dig, it being thougbtfas ufuai 
open fucb Occafions) that fome large and valuable Trcaktres 
might be found \ but when nothing elfe but Stones, fome of which 
were vaftly large, and very artificially laid, appear* a\ except a 
few Brafs Pieces, they gave aver toe Project, and Jmce the 
Place has been almoft if not quite caver* d again with Earth. 
Before J came to the Univerfity / vitw'd the Place myfelf\ but 
being net then in any capacity of framing a Judgment estber of 
this or any other Antiquities, and having *»/, Juice that time, 
bad a proper opportunity of viewing it anew, / cannot from 
my own Obfervations pretend to determine whether or no ft be 
reaUy the Remains of a Roman Monument. What therefore 
I have to fay upon this occafion depends upon the Information of 
another Pexfon, whom I do and ought always to honour. Dif- 
courfing with him upon this Subjed, he was pleas' d to allure me 
that the Stones I have mention* d agree with fucb Artificial Stones 
as be finds from his Reading were certainly made by the Romans, 
and the Broken Tiles, fatter d up and down the Ground in no 
finall quantity^ befays 9 are lite thefe in Weycock, (in the Pa- 
rifh y Laurence -Waltham) about a Mile Weftward /ran this 
Place, and others that appear in good plenty alfo in a Cfofe calPd 
Berry-Grove, at a little diftancefrom White -Waltham Church. 
Thefe muft be allow' d to be good Tokens c/" Antiquity ; yet they 
are not fufficient Proofs to /hew either this near Feens or that tn 
Berry-Grove to have been a Roman Work. That of Weycock 
was without difyute fucb a Worky (and perhaps was once in An- 
toninus) there having been (as there are now continually} great 
Humbers of Coyns plough' d up by the Husbandmen to confirm 
it ; and 'twas from this Evidence that Mr. Camden has f aid ^ 
that 'twas a Roman Fort. Such Evidence / liiewife required 
with refpecl to this Building. Upon which I was inform' d from 
the fame Friend that there had been divers Roman Coyns of 
Brafs taken up in Feens Ground, but that the Workmen, 
thinking them to be of no moment, either threw them away, or 
elfe difpers'd them in obfeure Hands ; fo that be has not, after 
the ftri&eft Inquiry, been able to obtain a fight of one of them. 
For which reafon we cannot proceed with fo much Jecurity tn laying 
down opinions about the Antiquity of the Place, as we mighty 
Were it certain and without doubt that there have been fucb Coyns 

* * Brit. p. 207. Ed. opt, 

difcover'dt 



THE PREFACE. xi 

Jr/itwrV. &m£ Evidence would muAMiy fraoe that tbs 
Bricks /pnjf «p and down are Roman, as Ukewifiit would if tbi 
ike Evidence could be produced fir Berry^Grove and Tome other 
Places. "Tweuld he of no Jmatt weight too if any ofthefe Frag- 
bad any InfcriptioiK upon them, fuch as femetimes have 



been found upon Tiles, as well as Leaden-Pipes, in/lances of 
wbicb occur in Reinefius «. But fuppofe (for I will not as yet 
lay afide the Information which came from the Workmen them- ■ 
fokon) that fever al Coyns of this nature bave been dug up at this 
Building, then we nutyjuftty allow that 'tis not only of very great 
Antiquity, hut that 'twas ere&ed by the Romans tbemfehes du- 
ring their Residence in the Ifle. // might withal have been a 
Jmall Fort* though of left note than that at Weycock, and 
been likewife inferted in Antoninus. Being of left Account we 
mgbtnot to enjpecl fiub a number of Coyns to be dug up at it. 
For the Romans upon deferting the Ifle bid a vaft Quantity of 
their Ticafnre under Ground, and His to that Accident we are 
partly to attribute tbe large Number* that are fometimes found 
together in Pots and other VeflTels. Oftbk we have exprefs Au- 
thority ftm the Saxon Chronicle under the rear CCCCX VIII. 
Heji Komane jepomnobon eal JJ jolbhojib J>e on 
Bpyrene paeronj fume on eojroan ahybbon. jf hy 
nsenig mon pWSan pnban nc meahre.] pime mxb 
him on Gallia lsebbon ;. This was always loei'd upon as 
the beft Remedy in fuch Calamities, especially if there was any 
profpetl of anew Revolution; and the bigger toe Towns were the 
Treafure was Jo much the larger ', and they were snore follicitout 
about fecstring it* and tmfequeutly mare Coyns are dijeover'd in 
and about fuch Towns as were of more considerable note. By 
gobhojlb in this Pstf&ge we are probably to under/laud tbotr 
Gold, Silver, and Brais Money j natwit^fianding 'tis commonly 
rejhrain'd to the firft. Now Vindomis or Silchefter, and Cal- 
leva or Henly, being both noted Towns and of great Sway, 
and Jituated at no large Diftance, 'tis no wonder they had other 
Idler Towns and Fortifications depending upon them, which 
might in time of Neceffity contribute very much to their Defence. 
That at Feens lay in the Rood between Calls v a and Pontes, 
and f tis likely was one of the refting Places for the Souldiers in 
their Travels between loth. Po V T£ S is the fame that -is now 
call'd Colebrooke, and it received it's Name from the four 
Branches of the River Cole. They alfo fioppd fometimes at 

m Syntsgm. Infer iff. ptg. 281,303. 

Wcy- 



xn THE PREFACE, 

Weycock, the Road aUo running by it, and in all Ekefybdod the 



firfl Syllable was occajiorid by it, pacg figfdfying a Way or 
Journey amongft the Saxons. The latter Syllable is nothing but 
the Saxon Coppe, that denotes the Top of any thing* and will 
well enough anjwer to the Hill in this Place. This I take to be a 
more natural Derivation than fic-ftop, which I piteb'd upon 
formerly a. Now if the Road went by theft Places in tins indi- 
rect manner, and not as it lyes at this day* we Jhall then be able 
to account with eafe for the diftance of Miles between C al- 
ley a and Po n T £ s as represented in Antoninus. He reckons 
them to be xxn. whereas there are only xvin. according to the 
prefent Road ; but if the Way lay indited (as the other Ways 
amongjl the Romans did) and the Souldiers ftopt at thefe lefler 
Places, the addition of Miles will be fo considerable as to rife te 
the full Number in Antoninus, efpeciaOy if they likewije call' eh 
either at the Town in Berry-Grove, (if there really were any 
fuch Town there, as the name fi feems to import) or feme other 
like Places. But I Jhall not inftft any longer upon this $ nor bad 
I dwelt on it fo long, were it not to /hew by an Inftance or two 
what Improvements we might have exIpeeJed/rom Mr. Leland, 
had it pleas'd God to continue his Health 9 till fuch time as he had 
compleated thole Excellent Works he bad begun ; and I thought 
that fuch Inftances might ferve a little to evince that Antoninus 
is very imperfeft and full ofdefeSts* as may alfo appear from the 
MS. that was formerly in pojfejfion of the famous Ifaac Voffius. 
The fin* of hit J>*- $• 6 - *&. Leland having eftabUfifd a lafting Re- 
fen after hia Death, with putation, as loon as he died (which batpen'd the 1 8th 
theoccafion of pubiiih- f April in RlDLIIy) large Propofals were made by 

JaW^^fa^ £virs ,carncd "* c*™™ Men for the Purchafe of 
his Papers, and thofe that could get any of them 
thought they had obtained a Treafure. Not only Men of lower 
Quality, but Perfons of the higheft Rank adnuVdbis diffufive 
.. Learning, which he knew how to manage to the beft Advantage, 
being majltr of an elegant Latin Ar&, and endu'd with an ac- 
curate Judgment. Even King Edward VI. exprefs'd a deep 
Concern for bis Lofs, and to Jhew that he had a true refped 
and value for him, and for the Collections be had made, he took 
all due care that bis Papers Jhould be prefenfd and not implofd 

m In a Letter containing an Account of Come Antiquities be- 
tween Windfir and Oxford, printed in the Memoirs for the Curious 
for the Month of November MDCC VIII. fi Byrl, or Bypig, is 
the fame with Bunge, or Bup£, i.e. urbs, civiUs, a Fort, Fortrefx. 
&c. and thence Bery, an Habitation, y Atben. Oxen. Vol.L col. 7©. 

U 



THE PREFACE. xm 

It cm badpurpofe. Accordingly his Majcfty commanded his Tu- 
tor at John Cheek (one of the greateft Lights to Learning « 
that was ever bred in this Nation) to take them into his Cufto- 
iy. Tbefe Commands were moft pun&ually obferv'd, and, I 
frppofe, a fuitable Gratuity was made for them to his Brother, 
call d John Leland Senior, who had the care of him after he . 
fell into that deplorable Calamity and Diftemper that I have 
before fpoke of By this means Sir John became feiz'd of far the 
lareeft Parcel of this Great Man's Writings, which he care- 
fully read over, extracted many things from them, and 'tis likely 
he would have digeAed, compleated anapublijb'd them had not he 
ken hinder d by other important Affairs and the Iniquity of the 
Times occa/iond by the untimely Death of King Edward. After 
Sir John had made ufe of them, he gave four Volumes in Folio 
to ji Humphrey Puretoy Efq\, who was afterwards of the Privy- 
Council to Queen Elizabeth in the North Parts of England.* 
The reft were in time difpers'd in other Hands, and many off them 
were at loft fortunately procur'd by that curious and learned 
CaBe&or of Antiquities, Sir Robert Cotton, inwhofe 
Library they wow remain. But a much better Parcel of them 
fell into the Hands of the celebrated Leyccfter-fliire Antiquary 
Mr. William Burton, to whom the four FoSo Volumes, juft 
now mention' d, were given in the Tear MDCXIL by Mr. 
Thomas Purefoy of JSarwell in Leycefter-fhire, Son to the 
forefiad Mr. Humphrey Purefoy. Beftdes thefe four Volumn, 
which are commonly call'd Mr. Leland's Colle&anea, Mr. 
Button, procured eight other Volumes, (written, as the others 
were, by Mr. Leland's own Hand) call'd his Itinerary, and 
ibey were of wonderful fervice to him when he was compiling 
his Excellent Work of the Antiquities of Leycefter-fhire ; 
aid they have been of as much ufe to feverai other Great Men, 
pub as Mr. Camden and Sir William Dugdale, in the noble 
Works that tbeyfet forth concerning our National Antiquities. 
Mr. Burton as be was a Man profoundly Jkill'd in our An- 
tiquities, Jo he was always very careful, to preferve all Papers 
that he thought would any ways tend to itiujlrate them. His 
thoughts were frequently imployd upon Mr. Leland, and he 
mi not throughly fatisfjfd about them 'till he bad feen them 
Hfpe/d of in bis Life-time. After he bad conjiaer'd of all 

* See his Life written by Dr. Gerard Langkaine, and prefix'd 
to Sir Jebo't Excellent little Book calfd The Hurt of Sedition, in 
ihe Edition which came ont at OXFORD in i.to. in the year 
MDCXLL ft Atbon. Oxen. Vol I. col. 69. 

things 



xx» THE PREFACE. 

things with due Deliberation, be found be could not ptxb upon 
a fafer or more honourable Place far them than the B.o a*-» 
lb j an Library at Oxford, the Statute* whereof* tabidt 
are very ftri&, were drawn up if the Wife Founder himfeJf. 
Here therefore be refohfd to depofke them* and in profiecutiem of 
that Refolution in the Year MDCXXXII * (wbkb was thir- 
teen years before bis Death fs ) he lent to that magnificent Rc- 
pofitory fame of the Volumes of tie Itinerary, together with a 
fair Tranfcript of feme Parts thereof* all which were immedi- 
ately faithfully plac'd in the Archives by the learned Mr. John 
Koakef Oriel College the Worthy Keeper of the Library at 
that time. Some time after be font to the fame Place the four 
Folio Volumes of the Colle&anea, with feme other Parts of the 
Itinerary, which were ail put by the refl. This increasd the 
Itinerary to (open Volumes. There was am eighth Volume in Mr. m 
Burton's Hands* but that being tent out by him* it did not coma 
to the Library 'till long after* being given by Mr. Charle s 
King y A.M. of Christ-Church in this University, a 
moft fltiUful and learned Antiquary. This h all that we have 
of this Great Ornament of Learning in this Library, unlefs k 
ie a thin Folio Tranfcript of feme Part of bis Works, ivrttten 
by his own Hand* and when this Tranfcript was made in Pef- 
jtffanjf Sir Henry St. George, Claxenceaux &*gft Arms. 
This Tranfcript was taken in the Tear MDCLXXXII, by the 
Procurement of the famous Dr. Plot, who read over au our 
Books of Mr. Leland with great Diligence, on purpofi that ho 
might extra& from thence whatever be ohfertfd would bt of bene- 
ft to him in the worthy Dc&m be bad undertaken. But to re- 
turn to the Originals under Mr. Leiand's own Handy by that 
variety of Accidents, to which they bad beenfubjeH before they 
came to the Library, they received Jo much Damage* efpeciallytbe 
Volumes of the Itinerary, that fever al Leaves were quite out* 
others Jlrangeh mangl'd* and thertftin fucb a fbatter'd Condi- 
tion as that Mr. Burton was afraid they would irrecoverably 
perijb ; which was the chief Motive liar induced him to get feme 
Parts tranfcriVd. After they were lodged in the Library they were 
kept dry; but the wet they bad contra&ed before was fe confider* 
able* and the Damages fe many* as 'twas impofibie to Under 
them from a continual*, vtfbk Decay ; Jo that the Leaves of the 
Itiaenry fall to pitas every day. This has been much is m vnt e J 

« See Mr. BurtenU Letter to Mr. Baufe prefixt to the Traaf* 
cript he (cut of the Itinerary, fi See A then. Oxom. Vol. II. col* 
36. y See the firft Part of the Catalogue oLMSS. pag. 314. 

h 



THE PREFACE. xr 

by teamed Men, particularly by that Excellent Antiquary of 
Whaddon-Hall in Buckingham-fture, BrownWillis 
Efc who cutting to the Bo dlejan Library in the Tear 
MDCCIII. (be being then a Gentleman-Commoner of 
ChristChurch) and having occafion to confult Mr. Leland's 
Irinenby, be was pleas' d to enter into Difcourfe about the Fate 
of bis N1SS. and to exprefs an hearty Concern for their Pre- 
feroatien. He was very urgent to nave them tranfcriVd with 
the utmoft Exa&nefe, and bis Arguments hadjuch an effec? 
with me, that I undertook to tranferibe the Itinerary, notwith- 
ftandkng J was then and have been fsnee invohfd in Bujmefe of 
ammtbex nature. What time 1 could f pare from my other Attaira 
I fpent, with no fmall Delight, in this Undertaking, which no 
one that either bos Uokt or Jball look upon the Originals will 
(Ifrcfume) deny to be a difficult Task. But notwitbftanding 
theft Difficulties in feme time 1 bad overcome them all, and Ip- 
niflfd my Tranfcript with my own Hand, and without fo much 
as ever confubing the Tranfcript of Mr. Burton all the time I 
wen ingenfd in it. I was jo nice tn this Affair, that I obfenfd 
Mr* Lmxufsway ^Tpelung, and omitted nothing, not jo much 
as the Afterisks and other Notes of that nature that bad been in* 
fined by him ; nor did I leave out even thofe Words that are 
plainly redundant, nor pretend to alter or correel thofe that are 
munmeJUy wrong and occafion* d by the haft the Author was in 9 
or eye by the DefecJ of Us Memory. Having fmiflfd my Tran- 
fcript / communicated it to feme learned Friends, who read it 
aver with much (atisfa&ion. Amongjl thefe was Francis 
C M B R R y Efq\ ff Shottesbrooke.** Berks, ofwhofe Piety, 
Integrity, Learning and Wifdom (which are confpicuous to all 
that converfe with htm) I could fay many things, were it either 
conftftent with my Defign, or were I not certain that 9 twouId of- 
fend bis great Modefty. I cannot however but here publicity 
acknowledge that f tis to ibis moft accomplifh'd Gentleman that 
I chiefly owe my Education at School and in the U K I v R R- 
s i T Y, be having maintained me at both Places for feveral 
Years at bis own proper Expence. Some of the Gentlemen 
that read over this Tranfcript proposed the Printing of it, as the 
heft and moft certain Method tojecure it againft all future Da- 
mage. And 'tis out of deference to their Judgment, and out of 
a fincere, innocent intent of ferving and obliging the Publick, 
that I have now at my otyn Charge (without the leaft merce- 
nary Defign J printed the Firft Volume ; in managing which I 
have been as careful to follow the Original as twos in trans- 
cribing it, and have not varied from it, but obferv'd the Am- 
Vq\.\. c '• " thor'a 



THfe P ft £ F ACE. 
thct's own Orthography and his own Expitfun* akiiuotoery 
thitig elfe imitated the Original as much asftffUe. Bote tthg 
deferens U fupph as many of the Lactate *s I Mdd> befora I 
committed my Copy to the Prefe / compared it with Mr. Bur- 
ton's Tranicript, and by tie help of that I have jUtd up -«—- * 



Vacancies, Which I have Sfiinguiflfd nt Crotchets, and whom 
(as bg often does) hi differ 9 Jf/hm the Original, Or badntado atey 
Alteration in the "Original hfclf, I have coftftantly put theft 
Variations and Alterations at tie bottom of the Page* wberw 
alfo 1 have fluid fitch Notes as relate to any Points or Marks 
that are put under Words, or thett concern fnch Letters and 
Words as are fmetimes put over the Line, though when tba 
Printer could do it he has exprefs'dfome of theft Circumftance* 
in the Text H fetf. Seme Paragraphs and Notes are plaid in 
the Margin, becaufe they arefo tn the Author's Original j ebtd 
'tis in the Margin too that I have put the number of FoKos 
which anfwer the Original, and my bide* at the End te adapud 
to theft Marginal Numbers. 1 could have jkpfbfd mere La- 
cunae, andiriaOShfybood have render d this reriortnance more 
perfect, if I had had die ufe of a very good Trmtaipt of Mr. 
L eland's Itinerary, taken about the time of Queen Eli&beth 
(before the Originals took wet, as is fuppofa) dnd W4$ formerly 
inrofleflion of J aMes Wright of the Middle-Temple J§fo, 
the Worthy Author of the Antiquities ^Rutland-fhire ; but 
this, with a multitude of other valuable Curioflties, was *»- 
happily burnt in the Ftre at the Middle-Temple in the Tear 
itoctxxviil, as Mr. WaiCHt bimfejfhas betnpUatd to 
inform me. To this Firft Volume / have fubjoyrida Difeourfe 
Cccafortd by feme Antiquities lately found in York-fllire, of 
kyhch I had an Account fine me by my Worthy Friend, the In- 
genious Mr. Th oresby sf Leeds. As 1 bavefoUoWd Mr. 
Lefand*s Original with tbemateft Fidelity, fo Ifiall hereafter 
be as cautious when I pubKfi the remaining Volumes <> which I 
Jhhbffefihe to do, if God grant me Life, and Health, and if 
Itnjty he Opportunities I have atprtfent. I tube it Ubethe 
beft audvb<m firtisftflory way to follow fuch firt */" Original* 
with dttpofSHe E**ariefs ; and I have been the rdther inctirfd 
to bbferve tt in this Work, becauft (I having printed only efn 
hundred and twenty Copies) the Boot ts Rke to fall into the Hands 
only ef curious 0fc/ learned Men y fitch as are better able to in- 
: t&pret the Author's meaning than fdm 9 and are mote capable ef 
. correcting andpoEfinng m% at they fee occafion. Th true y me 
Itirierary, tind the groateft Part of bis CbBeatahs (as is well 
obfeftfdby my late JUmead and truly learned Frknd />r. 

Thomas 



THE PREFACE, xvii 

Thomas Smith *) are immethodical, and the feveral Ob- 
servations and Remarks art put down juft as the Author made 
them, without cither ztfmng vfin or reducing them into am 
beautiful Order. But notwitbftanding this they have been at- 
mays confuted by our beft Antiquaries, and bis Authority is 
iooifd upon and cited as jequsd if not fupenor to any in Points 
that concern the SubjecJ of Antiquity. 

Bodl* jam Library 
July 04 th mdccx. 



m In vitt Camdem pag. xxx. 



*a »TH£ 



XVII I 



~4£ 



• THE 
Laborioufe Journey and Serche of 

JO HAN LETLANDE 

FOR 

ENGLANDES ANTIQ.UITB1S, 

i 

Geven of hym as a Newc Yearcs Gyfte to King 
Henry the viii. in the xxxvii Yeare of his 
Raygne.* 



(k T« mj Savermgiu Leigt King Henry tbt nghf. 



w 



H E R E as it pleafid yowr Htghnes apoo very 
jufte confiderations to encorage mc, by the auto- 
rite of yowr mode gratius commiffion yn the y xxv. 
Stadium 7*** °f Y 0WT profperus reene, to perufe and diligently to 
•mkjuitatii fercheal the Libraries of Monafteries and Collegiesof this 
fepriacip* yowrc noble Readme, totheintente that the Monumentes 
of auncient Writers as welle of other Nations, as of fthis* 
yowr owne Province mighte be brought owte of deadely 
darkenes to lyvely lighte, and toreceyvelike thankes oft the 

* This Title was added by B*U 9 being wanting in the Origi- 
nal, fi A mana Burtoni. y So alio in Mr. Buries Copy, pre- 
fixed by him to his Tranfcript of fome Parts of the hintrtry. 
But in Bale's and Brvck's Bdition 'tis xxxv. The number is 
wanting in Mr. Weever's Edit. I Deeft in Edict. Baki 9 
Bwkii & Wttveri. % Their in Editt. BsUi, BrotHi & Wteviru 

Pofterite 



LELAND'S New-rears Gift. . . xix 

FeAerite, as they hoped for at fuch tvme as they emploied 
their long and greate ftudies to the publique Wealthe j yea 
and furthermore that the holy Scripture of God might. bothe9 u ™* ,i - 
befincerely taughte and lernid, al maner of Superftition ^d Jj^*^ 
craftely coloured Do&rine of a Rowte of the Komaine Bis- 
ibopes totally expelhd oute of this your mofte catholique ' 
Reaulme : I think it now no lefse then my very dewty 
krevely to declare to your Majjefte what frute hath fpronge 
of my laborius Yourney and coftely Enterprife, booth rootid 
apoc yowr infinite Goodnes and Liberalite, Qualites * righte 
highly to be eftemid yn al Princes, and moft efpecially yn 
yow as naturally yowr owne welle knowen Proprietes.* 

Firfte I phave confervid many good Autors, the which other Exemplar!* 
wife had beene like to have perifchid to no (maul incommo-™^ 1 ^" 
diteof good Letters, of the whiche parte remayne yn th£fevata. 
mofte magnificent Libraries of yowr royal Palacis. Parte ^°^*^ ib * 
alio remayne ynmy cuftodye. Wherby I trufte right fhortely ^^ # 
fo to defcribc your mofte noble Reaulme, and to publifche 
the Majefte and the excellent A&es of yowr Progenitors 
(hitherto fore obfcurid booth for lak of enprinting of fuch 
Workes as lay fecretely yn. Corners, and alio bycaufe Men 
of Eloquence y hath not entcrprifid to fet them forthe yn a 
florifciung ftylc, yn fum tymes pafte not communely . 

ufid yn England of Wryters, otherwife welle lernid, and 22 S£"" 
now yn fuch estimation that except truethe be delicately rum. AVBakoa, 
clodud yn purpure her written Verites can fcant finde a BrookK»afWee. 
Reader*) that altheWorldefhaul evidently perceyve that Sfltt 
no particular Region may juftely be more extolfid then **v* 

yours for trewe nobilite and vermes \ at al pointes" renou- 
med. Farthermore parte of the examplaries curioufely fought 
hy me, and fortunately founde in fundry places of this yowr ompWi 
dominion, hath beene enprinted yn Germany* and now beyn J^** 1 """ 
the Preffis chiefly of Frobenlus* that not al only the Germanes 9 
but alfo the Italians t them felf, that counte, as the Greies 
did fill arrogantely, al other Nations to be barbarus and on- 
lctterid laving their owne, {haul have a direde occafion 
openly of force to fay that Britannia prima fuitparen$ 9 ahrix % 

m Defont ufqoe ad finem Se£tioni$ in Burtons exemplari. ft Hsd 
Bart, y Have Bart. * Thefe words are mark'd under, and in 
die Margin is written by Mr. Lehnd himfdf, armed at all pointz 
with bm$r. i Thtmfelves Bart. Brook. 

(add$ 



xx LELAND'S Ato.r^Gyt 

(aJJo hoc itiam & jure guodam optima) cwfervqtrix cum Utr** 

rum magnarum* turn maxime ingeniorunu 

Atrtiphiluehfli And that profitc hath ryfcn by the afbrefaide Journey 

^^tp3i*wa»- in bringging ftil many thinges to lighte as concerning 

bitMlbinX«.Epi£- the ufurpid Autorite of the Bisfhop of Rome and his 

coptmpcrium. Co mp ij CCSf to t he manjfefte and yiolente Derogation 

of Kingely Dignite, I referre my felfmofte humbly to your 

woftc prudente, Iqrnid and highe jugement to dhcerne 107 

diligence in the longe « Volume wfieryn I haye made am* 

fwer for the defence of youre fupreme Dignite, aloidy /a 

lening to the ftronge Pflor of holy Scripture agayne the bole 

College of the Romamfies 9 cloking theire crafty aflertions 

and argumentes under the name of one poore Pigbius of 

VbrajtUe in Gcrnvyne* and (landing to them as to theire 

only Aocre-holde agayne tempeftes that they know wyHe 

rifeiftreuth may be by licens lette yn to have a Voice in the 

general Coacile. 

Yet here yn onely I have not pitchid the fupreme marfce 

of my labor whereonto yowx Grace mofte Kke a y kingdT 

AdtBm K*otu P** 10 * 1 * of al good Lerning did animate me : bat ^m 

crga patriun. fir confidering and expendinge with my fetf how greate 

Bafc oi»Bre okiw, a numhre of excejlente goodly Wyttes and Writers, 

fj^T^J^ lctnid widwhe befte, as the Tymes fervid ha* beene 

j jaatgr* ^ ^ ^^ Region, not only at fuche Tymes as the 

Romapie Etnperoura had recouife to it, but alto yn thofe 

Dayes that the Saxons prevallid eff the Britarmes, and the 

Noroumnes of the Samns 9 could not but with a ferventje 

Zele and an honefte Co-cage commend diem to memory, 

.els alas like to have been perpetually obfeurid, or to have 

bene lightely remembrid as opcerteine fhadowes. Wher- 

lore I knowing by infinite Vtfiete of fiookes and affidmp 

reading of them who hathe beene lernid, and who hath 

writen from tymc tp tyme in this Readme, Ibave digeftid 

in to foure mokes the names of them with theire jLyve? 

and Monumentes of Xernmg, and to .them addjd this 

Iibriqnt- Title, Djtviris illu/lribts, folowing the profitable exemple 

towdcririiof Hiertnywuj GennadUy CaJJMore^ Severianc> and 'Jrfr- 

m I do not remember that I ever law this. -Nor en-I-tall 
what it h. Probably ibne iBook he draw up J*. the Kiag^Cpm- 
mend, to wh«n perhaps he pafeatttl it* £ hfrWg Buz*- * Sic 
i manu^>rkna ; ied.fi91a.li11. friMctkf feriplfc JrfWjp* i I h**F 
Burt. 

tends 



L£lAttD*M*-n*rr<5^. xw 

hmhj a tile Writer: bat alway lb handding the mrtier that iiMritm, 
tJutvt mfore exfpatiatid yn this Campe then thejr did, as yii JJjfcJjS - 
A tfting that drftcd to be fiimwhat at large, and to have tmas. 
©mature. The firfte Booke begynning at the Divides is 
dedu&id m on the tvzne of the cumming of S. Auguftine 
yn to EngelanJe. The fecunde is from the tytne of -A- 
ruflim on to the Advente of the Normans. The thirde 
from the Normaks to the Ende of the moft honorable 
Reigne of the mightty, famofe, and prudent Prince Hairy 
the V II. your Father. The fourth beginnith with the 
name of your Majefte, whos Glorie in Lerning is to the 
Worlde fo derdy knowen, that though emonge the Lyres 
of other lemid Menne I have accurately cekbratid the 
Names of Btadudus^ MolmutiuSy y Conjtantmus Magmts 9 0*na*&* 
Sigebtrtusy Affridus, Alfridus Magnus* Mthetftatm and *"**** 
Mean the firfte, Kinges and your Progenitors; and alfo 
EibeftoArdty fecunde ftinne to Ajfride the Great*, Hunfride 
Duke of Glrte/fre, and Ttfetfa Brie of Weretfier\ yet con* 
ferrid trithe yowr Grace they feme as fmaule Lighttes, (if I 
fciay frely fay my jugetnente, yoWr highe modefte not of* 
fcndid,) ynrtfp^oftheDay-ftarre. 

Now farther to infinuate to yowr Grace of what matters 
the Witters, whofe Lyves I have cotigeftid ynto foure j ngertU 
Sokes, hath tfeatid of, I may right boldely fey, that be- feriptomm 
fide flic <Cogiiitk$n of the thre Tuhges, yn the which **■»*•■ 
parte of them hath tttellid, that there is no kindeof !i-S£EL 
berale Sdende, Or anyTeate concerning Lerning, yn the ditionij et- 
which they have not fliewen certetne Argumentes of greate «««■. 
fclicite Or Wyttt; Vea and concerning the Interpretation 
of hoTy Scripnufe, ooOth after the auncient Forme, and 
fins in (he Scholaffical Trade, they have i reignid as in a 
certebe Excellency. 

And as touching* Hiftorical Knowlege there hath beene Ingailmi- 
to the numbre of a fulle Hunderith, or mo, that from tymeroenufcrip. 
lo tyme hath with greate Diligence, and no leffe Faith, tonimttmm 

•• • *-- - - 

m Unto Baf. Bfni. & Weever. $ Defeat Butt, y Confttn- 
6u B*rt. eodem pliae mddo quo & in ttoHntiHia Codd. Anteninl 
JoKiarii fcribitur Antenius pro Antoninus ; quo modo & rsx-Bttrtoni 
Apognpho lcgitur infra, f Ljvei fupia fin. 

wold 




L E L A N D> S New-Tun Gift. 
wold to God with like Eloquens, pcrfcribid die AStc» 
of yowr mofte noble Prsedeceflbrs, and the Fortunes of "this 
your Realme, fo incredibly greate, that he that hath not 
ieene and thoroughly redae theyr Workes can little pro- 
- nunce yn this parte. 

F . Wherfore after that I had perpendid the honeft and pro- 
UkwiSktoi. Stable ftudiesof thefe Hiftoriographes, I was totally enfiam- 
tins Briton- mid with a love to fee thoroughly al thofe Partes of this 
w«pr/«*".y 0ur opulente and ample Reaulme, that I had redde of 
yn the aforefaid Writers : yn fo muche that al my other 
Occupations intermittid I have fo travelid yn yowr Domi- 
nions booth by the $e Coftcs and the midle Partem fpar- 
|0* ing nother Labor nor Coftes, by the fpace cf thefe vi. 
Yeres pafte, that there is almofte nother Cape, nor Bay, 
Haven, Creke or Peere, River or Confluence of Rivers, 
Breches, Wafchis, Lakes, Meres, fi Fenny Waters, Mon- 
taynes, Vallets, Mores, Hethes, Forates, y Chafes", 
Wooddes, Cities, Burges, Caftelles, principale Manor 
Placis, Monafteries, and Colleges, but I have feene them ; 
and notid yn fo doing a hole Worlde of Thinges very 
memorable. 

Defcriptio Thus inftru£ted I trufte ihortely to fee the tyme that like 

totiu$j?H- as Cardus Magnus had emonge his Treafours thre large 

?"^^and notable Tables of Sylver richely enamelid, one of 

vfentit*-* the Site and Defcription of Canftamtintple, another of the 

tab. Site and Figure of the magnificente Cite of Reme y and the 

thirde of the Defcription of the Worlde $ fo (haul yowr 

Majeftie have this yowr Worlde and Imperv of England* 

fo fette forthe yn a Quadrate Table of Silver, if God 

fende me pfe to accomplifche my Beginninges, that yowr 

Grace (haul have ready Knowlege at the firfte fighte of 

many right delegable, fruteful, and neceflary Pleafores, by 

the Contemplation thereof, as often as occauon fliaul move 

yow to the fight of it. 

* Defunt Burt, ft Semi Waters Burt, y This word is ad- 
ded by Mr. Burton over the Line, with a Note of Indu&ion. 
'Tis alfo exftsnt ia his Copy, but wanting in B*&, Brooke and 
Wiever. 

And 



L E L A N D'S Xtw-Yiart Gift. xxm 

And be cauie that it may be more permanente, and far- Liber de 
tber knowen then to have it engravid in Silver or Braffe* ^s^-.,, 
1 entende (by the leave of God) withyn the fpace of ^> rt * 
xii. Monethes following, fuch a Defcription to make of prim*. 
your Reaulme yn writing, that it {haul be no Maftery 
after for the Graver or Painter to make alike by a perfcfte 
£xetnple. 

Yea and to wade farther yn this Matier, wheras now al- Rdtftuta 
moftc no Man can welle gene at the Shadow of the auncient ™j^ £" 
Names of Havens, Ryvers, Promontories, Hilles, Woddes, Britamia 
Cities, Tounes, Caftelles, and Variete of « Kindedes of no*" 1 *- 
People, that Cafar, Lhrie, Strabo, Diodorus^ Fabius Piclor, 
Pompmius Mela, P lint us, Cornelius Tacitus, Ptolemy us, 
Serf us Rufus, Ammianus Marcellinus, Solinus, p Antoninus, 
and diver others make mention of, I trufte fo to open this 
Wyndow that the Lighte fhaul be feene fo longe, that is to 
fay', by the fpace of a hole Thoufand Yeres ftoppid up, and 
the olde Glory of your renowmid Britaine to reflorifch 
thorough the Worlde. 

This doone I have Matier at plenty al ready preparid ** Antjqui- 
to this purpofc, that is to fay, to write an Hiftory, to the™* *"*£ 
which I entende to adfcribe this Title, De antiquitate civM Wfi^ 
Britannica, or els Chilis Kiftoria. And this Worke I en- ri * Kbn 
tcnde to divide yn to fo many Bookes as there be Shires SU2T" 
yn England, and Sheres and greate Dominions yn Wales, 
So that I efteme that this Volume wille enclude a fiftie 
Bookes, wherof eche one feverally {haul conteyne the 
Beginninges, Encreaces, and memorable Actes of the 
chief Tounes and Caftelles of the Province allottid to hit. 

Then I entende to diftribute yn to vj. Bokes fuch Matier Libri f« 
as I have al ready colle&id concerningb the Ifles adjacent to dc Infu ji* 
your noble Reaulme and under your Subje&ion. Wherof f^^I 
thre fhaul be of thefe Iflcs, Vefia, Mona and y Mevania, but, 
fumtyme Kyngedoms. 

And tofuperadde a Worke as an Ornament and arightDenobili* 
comely Ganande to the Enterprifes afore faide, 1 have fe- u } c ft**?* 
kftid Stuffe to be diftributid into thre Bookes, the whiche^ bn 
I futpoft-thus to entitle, De NobiHtate Britannica. Wher* 
■ ■ ■— «^^»— — i ■ ■ ■ i i ... .-ii ■■ 1 1 ■!■ ■ , , 

m Sic in Aurogr. Kindreds in Burtcni Apogr. Sed Kyndes in 
Salec, Brookio Be fPecvero. ft Vide fupra in Notis ad pig. xxi. 
y Meaonia Burt* Menavia Bal Brook. 6c JVeeveu rc£te f uc vi- 
dere eft apud Caxadem Brit. p. S$8. Vide item Orteiii Thef. voc. 
Mnmtd*. 

d of 



xxiv L E L A N D'S New-Tears Gift. 

of the firft fhaul declare the Names of Kinges, Quench, 

u with theyr Childerne, Dukes, Erles, Lordes, Capitaines 

and Rulers yn this Reaulme to the Coming of the Saxons 

and their Conquefte. The fecunde fhaul be of the Saxons 

and Danes to the Vi&orie of Kinge IViUiam the Greate* 

The thirde from the Normans to the Reigne of yowr mofte 

$ K. H. 8. noble Grace, defcendinge lineally of the Britanne y Saxon 

t^f^ m and Norman Kinges. So that al Noble Mene fhaul clerely 

Mm, ^iiperceyve theyr lineal Parentele. 

Condufio a Now if it fhaul be the Pleafure of Almightty God that 
Meaabiii I may live to perfbrme thefe Thinges that be al ready 
* utili * begune and in a greate Forwardnes, I trufte that; this 
yowr Reaulme fhaul fo welle be knowen, ons payntid 
with his natives Coloures, that the Renoume their of 
fhaul gyve place to the Glory of no other Region. 
and my great Labors and Coftes, proceding from the 
mofte abundant Fontaine of yowr infinite Goodnefs to- 
warde me, yowr poore Scholar and mofte humble Ser- 
vante, fhaul be evidentely feene to have not al only 
pleafid but alfo profited the ftudius, gentil, and equale y 
Readers. 

This is the briefe Declaration of my laborius Yorneye, 
taken by motion of yowr Highenes, fo much ftudiyne atal 
Houres the fruteful Praeferremente of good Letters and aun- 
ciente Vertues. 
Commune Chrifte continue your moft Royale Eftate, and the Prof- 
Votum. pcrite with Succcffion in Kingely'Dignite of your deere and 
worthily belovid Sunne Prince Eduarde, graunting tow a 
numbre of Princely Sunnes by the mofte Gratxus, Benigne, 
and Modefte Lady your t Quene. 

Joannes LelaneSus Antiquariua fcripfit. 



* And Burt. £ Defunt Burt. BaL Breok. & freever. y Reader 
Burt. I Sic in Autogr. & Burten. fed Queue Catarjne in Ba* 
BrooL kWeever. 



;m 



( 7) 

TtiE following literary Pieces s infer ted by Mr. 
Hearne, in the different Volumes of the Itinerary, are 
a valuable Acceffion to Leland's/T^: Tbefe have 
received many material Improvements by Mr. Hearne; 
and in this Edition (17*70) are. printed* from Hs 
own Copy of the Itinerary in the Bodleian Library. 

Vol. I. 

R. He arne's General Preface to the Itinerary % 

_ Leland's New Year's Gift to King Henry 

Vilfc * \ * 

3 A Difcourfe concerning fome Antiquities found in 
Yorklhire, in a Letter to Mr. Thorcfby of Leeds . 

Voi, II. 

f The Life of Sr. Thomas Wyatt. 

1 Naenise in mortem Thomas Viati Equitis incomparabi- 
Es, Joanne Lelando A u tore. 

3 Joan. Lelandi Nxnia in mortem D. Henrici Duddelegi 
Equitis aurati. 

4 Joan. Balei Epiftola ad Joan. Lelandum b . 

5 An Account of feveral Antiquities in and about the 
Univerfity of Oxford. 

6 Oratio habita coram illuftriflimo Rege Henrico fepti- 
roo Cantabrigis 

7 Dr. Plot's Account of his intended Journey through 

» ■ ■ 

• Bifida rfc'/GsNBiLAL Prbfaci to rk Itinerary, Mr; 
Hearne ka$ prefixed a feperate Pre/act to eacb Volume, on varioue 
Huron fidjt&t* efpeeialty refpeQing the Notional Antiquities. 

* Balei fipift. ad Leland. and the friending Naenia in mortem 
D. Hear. Duddeleghi, art now firft priniid in this Edition of 
the Inula*?, as mentioned in the Preface, vol. I. 

V01. 1. England 



( 8 ) 

England and Wales, for the diicovery of Antiquities 
. : *id other CurioCties, » * Letter to br. Fell, Dean of 

T The Cuftom of the Bacon at Dunmowe in Uta~ 
a Cuftom of the Mannour of Raylie in Eflfex. 

3 A Graunt of Indulgence to Eton College. 

4 Foundation of the Free-Schoole of Scirlsw in Holder- 
ncfct in Yorkfliire. 

5 Cuftom of the Mannour of Kilmerfdon in Somerfer- 
Aire. 

6. Antmrin} Iter Britannianun, cum variis JcdHonibus Th. 
Heame. Accedunt Roberti Talboti Annotationes e 
Codice MS. in Biblioth. fiodleiana, una cum Ejufdetn 
R.Talboti vita. 

7 Statuta Aularia antiqua Univerfitatis Qxfenfcnfls. 
Vol. IV. 

I A Letter from Mr. Ralph Thorefcy of Leeds, to Dr. 
Hans Sloane, concerning (bine Antiquities found in 
Yorkfliire. 

f Of a Came at Leeds in Yorkfliire 

3 Of the Yule, an antient cuftom ufed by the Sheriff* 

of Yfcrk* and of the bounds of St. Maurice Pkrifhe 

in that City. 

Vol. y. 

I A Tale of two Swannes, wherein is comprehended the 
original. and incraafe of the River Lee, commonly 
called Ware River, together with the Antiquitte of 
fimdri places and towns feated upon the fame. 

% A Commentarie or Expofition of certain ijroper Names 
ufed in this Tale, with notes. 

3PWP*- 



(9) 

j Bq p qteM Of the Shym e€ Eiqtod. 

4 Etfnft of * oW Rett for pm* ftr *e feu* of 
Bum Lucy De Ver firaMhtft <* Hcngb«Prioiw i* 
Effcx, An. a. Ric. i. 

5 A Lector containing a» Acaeuoc of foottAittiqidfet 
between Windfor and Oxfcid. ™ 

VovVI. 

I A Fragment of Sb Howry ^pfaBart Qiferjr of So- 
criledgc 

* The Mayor of Nomich't Expencea, ten Diaocr* ia 
whicU be feaftcd the Duk* of Norfolk* the tafo 
Knights, &c. An. D. 1561. 

3 Mr. Francis Brokefoys Letter to Mr. Hearne, contain- 
ing an Account of fome Obfervations relating 10 the 
Ajafryririfi and natnraHiiftoiy ef England* 

4 An Bflagrtowardathe recovery of thecouriet of the 
four great Roman Ways. 

* A Poetical Ftagp*ot of a dilp«e betmeiubeSckobn 
and Townfinen of Oaifefd, An* 1554* 

Vol. VH. 

1 fc the Prefece : A Relation of the dilute feetwem 
Mr. Hearne and Dr. White Kennel, relating to 
Waiiam of Wyckham, Biihop of Wiix*efcr. 

2 ***** * from Dr White Keunct, Dean *f Pcter- 
bonigb, to Mr* Hearne. 

3 Mr. Hearnrt Anfwer. 

4 De voce Angto-Saxonice j£/W Diffcrtario. 

$ A Fngmcm concerning the piaure of K. Edward the 

Vol. Vm. 

I Dtfeomfe concerning the StunsMd teffelafed Pave* 

ment, 



( 10 ) 

ment, with foiae hew observations about die Roman 
\ JrtfaftptidB that relates to the Bath Fakrua. 
a A^ Account of- the Ouftom of the Mannor of 

Woodllock. 

3 A* Account of the Infcriptions of Melbury in Wilts* 

4 An Account of fome Romans Urns, and other Anti- 
quities lately digged up near Biftopfgate, with fome 
reflexions on the antient and prefent State of London ; 
in a Letter to Sr, Chriftopher Wren, Knight, Surveyor 
genital, of his Majeftys Works, by Dr. J. Woodward 
June 13, 1707. 

5 Guilielmi Stephanidis defcriptio nobiliflimte o-vitatis 
Londoniat,e codice MS. vetufto in Biblioth. Bodleiana. 

Vol. IX. 

1 Genethliacon illuftriflimi Eadverdi principis Cambriae, 
duti* Coring & comitu Palatini, Joanne Ldando* 
Antiquario Au&ore. 

1 Syllabus et Interpretatio antiquarum di&ionum quae 
paflim in libello lectori occurrunt. 

3 Ktkn&ion ASM a. Cygnea Cantio, Au&ore Joanne 
Lelando. 

4 Commentarii in Cygneam Cantionem Indices Bri- 
tannia? Antiquitatis locupletiffimi, Au&ore Joanne 
'Lelando. 

5 Nicolai Fierberti Oxonienfis in Anglia Academix de- 
Icriprio; ad perilluftrem & reverendifs. D. Bernardinqm 
Pauiinum, S. D. N. dementis VIII. Datarium. 

6 CI. Alleni notae in Baleum de Scriptoribus Britanhicis. 

7 A General Index to the Itinerary. 

2 Addenda & Corrigenda. 



v 



The I t t n 



THE 

ITINERARY 

O F 

JOHN LELAND 

THE 

ANTIQUARY, 

In Nine Volumes. 
Publifhcd by Mr. Thomas Hearne. 

THE THIRD EDITION: 

Printed from Mr. Hearne's corrected Copy in the 

Bodleian Library. 




OXFORD: Printed at the THEATRE* 

For James Fletc he k, in the Turl> 

And Joseph Pot e, at Eton College. 

M DCC LXX. 



'.? 1 



T O 

THE READER. 



'T'HE following Advertifement, prefixed to the fecond 
Edition of the Itinerary A. D. 1 745, is here reprinted; 
the fame Arrangement of theft Volumes being obferved in 
this Edition alfo. The mojl material Occurrence to be 
mentioned on the prefent occafion, is, that this Third Edi- 
tion is printed from a corrected Copy of Mr. HearneV, 
in his am* Hand-writings which was given to the Bodleian 
Library j with other literary Papers, by the late Dr. Richard 
Rawlinfon: Alfo /iw/Lelandi Naenia in mortem Hen. 
Duddelegii, and Balei Teftimonium de Lelando, firfi 
puklifecd by Mr. Hearnb in his Edition of Rofli War- 
viccnfis Hiftoria, are now brought home, and more pro- 
perly infer ted in the fecond Volume. 

Tbefe are the peculiar Advantages of this Edition* 
which has been carried through the Prefs under the Fa- 
vour and Dircfijon of Gentlemen in the Vmverfity, to whom 
the inofi grateful Acknowledgments are due, and to whom 
the Public are greatly indebted, for a conjlant Attention 
to promote every Work ofufeful and polite Literature. 



ADVERTISEMENT 

Relating to the Second Edition. 



MR. Thomas Hearne in 1710. and the 
following Years, pubJiflicd at the Prefs of this 
Univerfity, One Hundred and Twenty Copies 
of the Itinerary of Mr. John Leland, in Nine (mall Vo- 
lumes : This Number not being fufficient to anfwer the de- 
mand of the Curious, has conftantly occaiioned them to be 
fold at an exceeding great Price, and indeed but rarely to 
be met with at any rate. 

It has been judged proper therefore to reprint this Edition 
of Mr r Hearne's ; and as Omiffions and Miftakes were 
found to have efcaped the firft Notice of that induftrious 
Editor, the Original MSS. have been re-examined with the 
nroft ftricft Care, and many Places been fupplied and amend- 
ed, which in this Edition are printed at the bottom of each 
Page, and diflinguifhed by Numerals. 

It is to be remarked farther, that the firft Part of Mr. 
Hearne's Eighth Volume contain'd Supplements to the prece- 
ding Seven, and that at the end of the Ninth Volume, He alfo 
added a Review of the whole Work, whereby he re&ified 
fome Miftakes, and fupplied many Omiffions, which farther 
opportunity and his well-known Induftry furnifhed him 
with. Thefe it has been now judged proper to infert in their 
refpe&ive Places, agreeable to Mr. Hearne's Intentions, 
had they came time enough to his hands > as he exprefles it in 
the Preface to the laft Volume. 

In this prefent Edition alfo, are feveral Additions ; viz. 
An Extradt fupplied from Mr. Stowe, in the Third Volume, 
pag. 1 19. Another from the fame, in the Fourth Volume, 
pag. 126. 149. Again at the end of Vol. 5. is another Ex- 
tract alfo from Mr. Stowe. An Account of the Inscriptions of 
Melbury &c. in the Eighth Volume, pag 48. And at the end of 
the Ninth Volume, will be found a fmall Fragment of the Its- 
nerary from the Cotton Library, which had efcaped Mr. 
Hearne's knowledge*. It hag alfo been judged proper to 

» The feveral Additions here mentioned, are all to be found in their 
proper Pages in thii Edition of 1770. 

make 



make One General Index to the whole Work, believing it 
will be a peculiar Advantage to this Edition, and a great 
Eafe and Benefit to the Learned Reader. Thefe juft and 
ufefid Improvements admitted, Mr. Hearne's Edition 
has been faithfully followed ; and as the Undertakers had 
pofleffion alio of the Original Plates, they cannot but per- 
fwade Themfclves this prefent Publication will be moft ac- 
ceptable to the Curious, 



In the PRESS, 
And foon will be Publijhed % 

THE Lives of John Leland, Thomas Hearne, and 
Anthony Wood of the Univerfity of Oxford, collected 
from Original MSS. and other authentic Papers : To which 
will be added feveral Engravings of Antiquity, which have 
never yet appeared in Public. 

Printed for J. Fletcher, and J, Pote. 



THE following Emendations of /me Taffages in the Itinerary 
were communicated by the late Bijhop of CarUfle (Dr. Charles 
Lyttleton) Prefident of the Society of Antiquarians* in a Let- 
ter to Mr. Pote, dated CariMe Sept. 8. 1768. They are here 
printed with References to the fevered Volumes of the frefent 
Edition. 

V o l. 4. pag. 72. lin. 9. the Nomtery of Cookcficld, fcribe+> 
of Cookhill. 

Ibid. pag. 80. lin. 8. of hie taken up a Croflc, fcribe, a Corfc, 
(or Corpfe.) 

Ibid. pag. 98. lin. 1. There is a likely Houfe that the Caftla 
fie. fcribe, a ttxdyhood. 

Ibid. pag. 108. lin. 5. Bloxham in Worcefter-jbire, fcribe, 
Blockley. 

Vol. 7. pag. 13. lin. 32. a goodly Howfe by Bramfgrove Market 
caullid Grefton, fcribe, by Bromfgrove caullid Glafton. 

Ibid. lin. 33. Howfe of Brike caullid Hampton Court, fcribe, 
caullid Weftwood /* Hampton-Lovet. 

Ibid. pag. 60. lin. 13. **fe, a Caftelof the Bifhops ofCairluel 
*My\c fcribe, fix Myle*. 

Vol. 8. pag. 75. lin. 8. in Staffordjbire, Prior : Brinern S. Ma- 
ria;, fcribe, Prior : Brewood, S. Marine, lin. 9. Prior : Briuern 
S. Leonardi. fcribe, Prior : Brewood S. Leonardi. 

Ibid. pag. 98. Note, fi $ An Conweys ? fcribe reclius, Cookfey's 



A 



& & A )* 

X X )9C Sec 3GC 

/<\ J*V /N JUk 



[I ) 

--------- 

•THE 

ITINERARY 

O F 

JOHN LEILAND 

THAT FAMOUS ANTIQ.U AR-Y 

r 

Begunne about 1538. 30, H. 8/ 

|^ The Number of Folios anfwering the Original 
is put in the Margin. 

FROM Cambridge to Eltefle VDIage al by Cham- 
peyne counterey 8. Miles. At Eltefle was fumtyme 
a « Nunnery wher Pandoma the Scottijb Virgine 
was buried, and there is a Well of her name yn 
the South fide of the Quire. I hard that when 
this Nunnery was deftroyid a new was made at Hincbingbrokt 
by Huntendune. 

A Mile from Ehejk fi towards Neotes is the limes of Com* 
bridgftnre. 

From Eltefle to S. Neotes 4. Miles. The elder Parte of the 
Tonne wher the Paroche Chirch ys kepith the x olde name of 
Jinsbyriy fo caullid y corroptely for En\ulpbesbury. C/jfc River] 

m Not in the Monafticon AngKcanum, but mentioned by Dr. 
Tomer in his Not. Mon. pag. 22. £93. from Mr. Leland. /SLeg. 
toward S. Neotes. y eorruptely fir Enulphcsbyri. The River there 
barde by the Tote tit ftonaHnge en the Efie Syde of it dividitbe 
Homjriidonfhire from Bedfordshire, and yet a lytlt lower bothe tbt 
Jtifes be in Hontendunlhir. The Bridge at Seint Neotes is ofTymbar. 
Stowc. 

a M**m Burtm: 

1 old. 

Vol. I. A ♦ • • 



Folio I. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 



From S. Neotes to 5/^^/^* Village tyfumenclofid ground 
a 3. Miles, it is in Huntenduneftnr. Ther hard by the Chirch 
is a pretty Houfe of Olyver Leders, and pratie 1 Commodities 
about it. 

From Stoughtoun to *MeilchbournV \\\*ge a 4. Miles be much 
Pafture, and Aim Come ground* Here is a right fair Place of 
Square Stone,ftondin£ much apon * pillered £ Vaulte of Stone, 
and there be goodly Gardeins, Orchards, and Ponds, and a 
Parke thereby. The Place felf is of an atincient building. 
[But] the Lord JVeftoun of y S.[Jobnes] College in London the 

3 [of] that Houfe afore the • . 

TVeJlon made the [Hall] [Knights and Lord 

Prior of S. John 1 s of Jerufalem] 

Fd. ». About the Quarters of Milchbourn, but not hard by it, ryfc 
to armes of broks of divers Springs, wherof one cummith 
owt of Higheham Parke. Thefe 2. cum to one Botom and 
Streame, and fo go by How Village, wherof the broke is * 
call id How-water, * 

At Haw hath beeae a fair Manor Place, fumtyme 1 
to the Strikelands of HunUndune-Shivt y after to the 
and of late it cam ynto Partition of 3. Dougbtters. 

How Water after cummith to Stougbtown Village, and thens 
about [a] Mile lower then S. Neo[tes in] to life I ryve . . 

4 Highborn Ferrsrs Market is a 3. Miles from Mtkhbourne\ 



* MdUbUu r n\ So in the Original ; but Mr. Stove hath it 
Milcbbourn, as *tis alfo belovv in the Original it felf. /S Vaultc\ 
Read, Pau/tes, as 'tis in Mr. Stotce. Mr. Leiand oftentimes purs 
£, made ibmewhat bigger than ordinary, for es. y Seint JohnV 
College in London the 3. Lorde oftbat Houfe afore the lafte Wefton 
made tbe Htull newly. Tbere is buried a Knygbt of the Ordar of 
Seint JohnV in tbe Nortbe Syde of tbe Cbapell tbere. Tbu Milch- 
burne // in Bedfordshire almofte in the Egge of it. Stowe. 
> Ryve . •] Ryver in Stovci & Galei exemplarib. 

i Commodites. x piUpri. 3 caullid. 4 Higheham Ferrares Market is • 
3 mylcs from Milcheburne 

Welinton Market not far from Avon ryver is a vi Myles of 
Bedford is. . Myles of, ther is meately plenty of woode about Michelbume, 
and Michelbume is countyd for one of the faiitfte howfes of that Shire. From 
Michelbourne Srrwe. 

From 



L EL Atim ITINERARY, * 

From A ftkb ebo u rn to Kimohoun a Market Towne yri the 
egge of HuntendumJUre. The Toune it felf is but bare. 

The Caftelle is dowble dikid, and the building of it meately 
fcong. it longid to the MandeyiUs> Erles ofEJfax. Then to 
« &•»/, Erles of Hereford and Effax. and fins to the fl 
Strafords. 

Syr Richard Wing f eld h\i\\&\& new fair lodgyns and galenea 
apon the olde Foundations of the Caftelle. The Priory of 
Chanons not [far] out of Ki molt on was [as I lear]nid of the 
foundafrion of they B]lgrames. It [was an Houfe] of * vii[Ca* 

nons.J By all [like]lihod B[igrame] [nod 

great landes] *...-. [perfonage] ...***.;; 

There lay yn this Priory few men of i Name buried: but of p . 
the Bigrams and the Canters. * # * 

The name of the Manor Place of the Bigrams £ beringthe 
name of them yet remainith thereaboutes. 

There is a Plotte now elene defolatid not a Mile by Weft 
from Kimokoun 9 caullid Cajlel HylU, wher appere dicnes and 
tokens of old buildings. 

From Kimoltoun to Leightoun on a hille 3. good miles be 
plain ground of Pafture and Corne but litle Wood yn fight ; 
bat where as the Villages befett the Soyle betw[ix]t exceeding 
good for co[me]« The [Lord]fliip[of heigh- 
ts* and Village belongeth to] . . • . . • . • • [one Corn] 

From Leightcn to Bamewel Village a vi miles by exceding 
fare Come and Pafture ground. At this Village femaine yet 
4. ftrong Towres parte of Berengarius Moyties Caftel, alter 

* Bonus] L. Bobans, ut in St. fi Strafords] L. Stafordes, vcl, 
win St. be G- Stuff or its. y So Yu to be read, not Sigrames, as 
'tis fatfidy printed in the Monafticon Angl. Vol. ii. col. 319. Jvii.- 
Chenmi : and be ffbelyhode Bygnrae gave them no greate Lands. 
for the Parfonage ef Ky maltoun beynge above x l. It . a Yere was im- 
fffnatito the Prior ie, whos whole Lands was but a c. Marks byt.be 
Yere. Stowe. • Name buried:'] 'Tis diftingniflied thus with a Co- 
Ion both in the Ortg. and in Mr. Stowe. But it fhould be rather a 
Comma, or (as in Men. Angl ) without any Point. £ So in the 
Orig. not being, as in Mem. Angl. n Mr. Stowe hath no mark for 
t lacuna after Car**. Then he reads, The Lordejbipe of Laighton 
tillage Umgithe to a Prebend in Lincoln. One Carncballe, Prcben- 
faye Here, dyd builde a Peace of afraty Houfe fiondinge with in a 
M§:e. Smithe, now lncombenl, bathe made a Fre-ScboU there. 

A 2 longging 



4 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

longging to Ramefey Abbay, and now to MonteacuteWith yn 
the Ruines of the Caftell is now a meane Houfe for a fermar. 

From Barnewelk to Oundale a mile. 

The Towne ftondith on the farther Ripe as I cam to it 

The Bridge over Avon is « of great Arches and fmaul. 

Ther is a little gut[terj or broke fi cumming y apon the 
Caufey a xvi. as I enterid, on the lefte Hond into Avon Ry- 
verf among the Archjes of [the Bridg.] 

The Toune hath a very good Market and is al buildid of 
[Stone. The Paroch Church is very faire. JOne Robert Viate 

a Merchant] . . . [of the towne there, and] . . . 

. . • f . .[his Wife made] 

Fd. 4. fide of that Chirch Yarde a praty Almofe Houfe of Squarid 
Stone. And a goodly large Haule over it for the Brether- 
hodde of the Chyrch. 

And at the Weft end of the Chirche Yarde they made 
Lodgings for too Cantuarie Preftes, foundid there by them. 
The Scripture in Brafle on the Almofe. Houfe Doore berith 
the Date of the % yere owr Lord £ 1485. as I remembre. 

At the Weft North Weft Ende of Oun&'akChirch Yard n is 
the Ferme or Perfonage Place impropriated to Peterborow. it 
is £ a 50/r. by Yere. Peterborow was Lord alfo of the Town, 
and now the King hath allottid it onto the Queue's Dowre. 
— ^ ■— — 

* Of $. great Arches, and (too f mall. G. (L cumming apon the 
Caufey Sec] Perhaps it fhould be read thus : cumming a xvi. miles of 
as I enteridon the lefte Hond apon the Caufey f into Avon Ryver &c. 
But in Mr. Stotoe 'tis thus : The Bridge over Avon// of great Arches 
and f mall apon the Caufey a xvi. and then he begins a new Paragraph 
in this manner, There is a little Gut or Broke &c. Bat 'tis in the 
Original as I have printed it. y apon the Caufey a xvi.] So 'tis in 
the Original ; but a xvi. is left out in Mr. Burton % $ Copy. iOne 
Robert Viate, a March aunt of the Towne there y and Johan his Wife 

made goodly Sowth Porche of the Paroche of S They made 

al/o on the South Syde of that Cburcbe-Yarde a praty Almofe Howfe 
&c. St. Nor hath Mr. Gale*s Copy any Points after Merchant. 
t Yere ozor] L. yere ofotor cum Stoveo. £ 1485.] Sic in Aut. & St. 
con, ut in G. 1405. * Juft againft thefe words is the Ferme Mr. , 
Stowe hath put this Kote in the Margin, cawlydthe Bery-ftede ; for , 
that it mas a beriege in the tyme of Peft. Oundall Churche toes 1 
fome tyme a Cell frPetarborow. 9- a 50. li. byYere'] About 50. //• by 
Yeare. G. And indeed in moft other Places Mr. Gale % % Copy hath j 
about for a, contrary to the Authority of the Original, | 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 5 

There I fawc a nother Chirch or « Chappellc of S. Thomas, 
' of our Ladie, as I enterid into Oundale Toun. The Ry- 
▼cr of Avon fo windeth aboute Oundale Toune that it almoft 
■ infulatithe it, favyng a litlc by Weft North Weft. 

Going oute of the Toune end of Oundale towarde Fodrin- 

geye 9 fi I rode over [at a] bridge [thereon] 

Jvm pafs[ith it to] North brid[g being] 

lengthe [Caufy] [when the rime] 

the Medowes lying on every fide on a great 

Leavel thereaboute. I geffid that there were about a 30 Arches 
of finaule and great that bare up this Cawfey. 

From Oundale to Fodersngeye a 2. Miles by mervelus fair 
Come ground and Pafture, but litle woodde. 

King&fawn/the^for the Love that he bare to Foder- 
**gey 9 had thought to have * privelidgid it with a Market, and 
with putting doun Weres and Mills, to have caufid thajt 
finaul Lightters might * have cum thither. 

The Toune felf of Foderingeye is but one ftreat, al of ftone 
building. The glorie of it ftandith by the Paroche Chirch 
of a fair Building and Collegiatid. 

y This Chirch and Place wher the College is now was fum- 
tyme a nunnery. Edmunde of Langelty Sun to Edward the 3. 
got a Licens as Aim faye [to ma]ke a College there ; {but he 
did] it not, [being] preventid [by dea]th. 

JTheNunnesofthisHoufe [Helefttwo]Sunnes'2?<W. . . . • 

wE V/fTST '.'.'.'.'.'. Ae Collc S c md cndowid " nwwe'y 

m It fhoald be with a fingle p. p I rode over a Stone Bridge , 
tbrougbe the tohicbe Avon paffitb. It is eatvllidtbe Northc Bridge, 
t***ge of a great lengtbe 9 by cawfe Men majpaffe wben tbe River 
over flow jtb* Tbe Medowes lyenge on every Syde on a great Leavell 
tbereahoute % Igeffed tbat there tctre about &c. St. y This Cbircb] 
Tbe Cburcbe St. ITbe tiunnes of tbis Houfe &c] Thefe words 
(which are wanting in G.) fhould have flood in the Margin (if the 
Printer could have done it conveniently) jail oppofite to Nunnery 
three lines above in this Page, and FoL 5. (hould Hand juft againft 
Tbis Edward began &c. There is no lacuna in Mr. Stotoe's Copy, 
but after being preventid by deatb the whole is read thus : The 
Kuwnes of tbe Houfe were tranJlatydtoJXt la Pray by Northampton, 

linlatttfae. aprivDcgid. j^have. 4 Edward] Edward and Richard B. 

A 3 Dela 



6 LELANiySITINERARY. 

*>>• 5- It chauncid that Richard fufpe&id of Treafeo was put to 

was Father to Edward the 4. jJ^J ^ Y 

Wbereapon at fuch Tyme as the Bataile of Agincourt 
(houlde be faughte, Edward defirid of King ifoiry to have 
the forewarde of the Bate], and had it. where be much hete 
and £ tbronggid, being a fatte Man, he was foioulderid to 
Death, and afterward brought to Fodaringey\ and there hono* 
rably buried vn the Bodie of the Quire, apon whofe Tumbe 
lyith a flat Marbil Stone with an Image flatt yn Brafle, 

After Edwarde's Death [Henry] the 5. y cofifid[eringe the 
good fervice] confirmid [the Colledg, and gave to] it certe[n 
kindes; of Priories of] monkfes Aliens, amongft which was f 
the Priory of Newet y com, &Iouce/}er by Leghe Market in the 
borders of Waits.] 

Then cam after Edward the 4. and fumwhati enving the 
Glorie of Henry the fiveth made the College of his oune fun- 
ction, and buildid fum part of it as it is now, and cauftd the 
Body of his Father Duke of York to be brought from Pontes 
fra& thither, and to be layid on the North fide of the Highe 
Altare, where aMb is buried King Edwardg tbe 4, Mother in 
a vaulte over the which is a pratie Chapelle. 

( The faire Cloiftre of the College was mad; in King 
•This Aft fcttepheVeifis £*"**** +,dzy<x, one MJebeyng 

in knowledge whereof tbe Houfe of Eodetingey dyd hurt 4 Penfion to 
De la Pray. Edmund of Langley lefte z t Subnet, Edwd and 
Richard. This Edward began tbe Colage and endowid it metely well. 
It ebaunfed &c. And I find the Utter part of the Paffage confirmed 
hy Mr. Gale's Copy, in which '03 written : He left two Smnwes 
Edward and Richard. « After this Richard in the Margin Mr. 
Stowe has added (contrary to the Authority of the Original) Erie 
ofCarnbrydge. fiTbronggingSt.ScG.y Cenfyderinge bis good fer- 
vice St. And in G. bis is written over tbe. itbe Priory of Newen 
by Leghe Market in tbe Borders gf Glocefterfliire. St. « L. enviyng. 
£ King Earn. 4. for the love that he bore to Fotberingeyhzd thought 
to have priviledged it with a Market, and with putting downe 
Wares and Milles to have caufed that fmall lighters might come 
thither. So Mr. Burton's Copy, wbieb words however are pbte s d 
J mew bat higher in tbe Original* See pag 9 3. nTbis Fclde fette tbe 
ice ] Mr. Stowe varies from the Original thus : This Ftldefet this 
Verfis of tbe Booke caulhd iEth. terras in t. g. Wyndows nvitb Fi- 
gures very feat fy. Richard Papeete Knight thejettar up of bis Fa- 

milie 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 7 

of the [book] caullld P Mthk- ^V^J^Jf l^'Z 7 ™' 

b^at^s^ * a^ ** ] ° vcr ^ cisof 

The Caftelle of Foderingey is fair and meately ftrong with Fol, 6. 
dohlc Diches and hath a Kcpc very auncient and ftrong. 
There be very fair Lodgyns in the CafteL And as I hard 
Catarine of Spasm did great Cofts in late tyme of rcfrcfching 
of it. 

This Caftel longid of late Tymes to Edmund* of Langeley 
Edward the 3. fonne. and fo lineally to the Dukes of Tori. 

Tbo Hum jfHuntendunflur upon Avon Ryver. 

Huxtendttnejhir cummith on the hither fide of Avon to- 
ward Ailton^ wher Mr. Sapcote dwellith wythin a Mile of 
Fodiringey. 

Kirkbam the Knigbt dwellith aboute a Mile from Foderin- 
gey* but is place is him what diftant from Avon. 

whei^^aGenuliS[h^h]apniti! * ftonc bnd S at L #' rd ovcr 
Manor pb^ce/l Jwn ' 

Thene to Tbor[pe water mill upon Avon y * a mill] wher I 
[(aw the Kuines of I the wall of • WatertniUs Cattle.} 

Them a good Mile to Thr&pefton Village, wher the Lorde 
Mordant is Lord by Copartion with Browne the £ Serinent at 
Low and Sir Wtftan Brooms Sunne as I hard. 

mlUe in Hontendanelhire was biriedat Foderiogey anno dot*. 1477. 
The Date is wanting in G. as are alfo thefe words, of the K Book. 
m fype of Avon as I enterid into the Toune, without any lacuna, 
both m Sf. and G. fi T&eoldus presbtter, natione ha/us, fcripfit de 
miraculis veteris teftamenti 8c fabulis poet arum, jEglogarum lib. 1. 
floruit an. do. 480. iEgloga incipiens, ^Ethiopum terras jam for- 
vida tomtit ajtas. So Burton's Copy, but wanting in the Original. 
7beoUms Sic in fiartono. Sed legend, potias fbeoduhts. For fo it is 
in Mr. JUwlisfoa's Copy printed by Wynkin de Worde in 4'°, 
and fo Mr. Rawlrafon thinks it is in a folio MS. in Vellam in his 
Study, y a mill defunt St. Itbt utter wall St. , 1 Waterville G. 
£lfc in Cod. MS. Forfan fcribi debet Servient. Serjeant in Gale. 
Scrient St. 

I a mill] a myle St. 

A 4 Thens 



8 ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Thetis a Quarter of a Mile to Thrapejion bridg having « an 
8. arches of ftone. Avon rcnnith under this Bridg. 

From Foderingey to this Bridge, I left Avon on the right 
Hand, and after ftille on to Northampton on the lefte Hand . 
alofe. 

At the very End of Thrapejion Bridge ftand Ruines of a 
very large ' Hermitage and principally welle buildid but a late 
difcovend and fuppreffid : and hard by is the Toune of Ifelep 
on Avon as upon die farther Ripe. And about a Mile far- 
ther but not apon Avon Ripe is Draiton Village and Caftelle, 
the pratieft Place in thofe Quarters, longging, as IfeUpe 
dooth, in copartion onto the Lord Mordant 

Staford Erie of Wilejbir 9 Uncle to Edward late Duke of 
Bokingham, had Draiton by an Heiregeneral of the Younger 
Grene, and kept his Houfliold yn it. a 

The Great Grene gave to his Eldeft Sunne GrenB Northon y 
with a great Portion of Lands : and he gave Draiton with 
other Lands to, his Younger Sunne* 

This Drayton Caftelle was mofte buildid by Grene [that 
was] fo great [a Man in King] Richard [the tJ] day[es. his 
landes came to 2. daughters, and one of thofe daughters 
partes came to 3. Daughters.] 

[Thence] fix good miles to Finton bridg [of ftone un]der 
the which Kete[rtng water runneth] having a [pretty ftreame,] 
Fo) 7. and a mile lower aboute the botom by Welingborow Market 
goith into Avon. And aboute a five Miles higher is a bridge 
of Stone apon Avon caullid Higbebam~bridge. Higheham- 
Ferran toune is not far of it, and is jS a five Miles from We- 
lingboro. 

Welingborow is a good quik Market Toune buildid of Stone 
as almoft al the Tounes be of Northampton-fhm. it ftondith 
about a quarter of a Mile from Avon River. 

From y Welinjrburne to Northampton 8. Miles al be Cham- 
paine Come and pafture ground, but title wood or none, 
even as it is betwixt Oundale and Welingborow. 

I paffid over 2. praty Brokes betwixt Welingborow and 
Northampton defcending thorough 2.[Val]leis, and fo reforting 
ynto [Avon.] Almoft in the midle way betw[ixt] Welingborow 

« an 8. arches] About 8. arches G. See whtt I have (aid in my 
Note to P.4.. 1. 23. £ a five Milts] a 3. Miles Sti yWelingborome G m 

l HcremiUge, 

and 



, LELAND*SITINERARY. 9 

an* Northampton [« I palled] AJfcheby more then a m[ile of 
en die left hand,] wher hath[bene a Caftle] that now is dene 
downe, and is made but z/eptum for beftes. 

The Toune of Northampton ftondith on the North fide 
djvon Ryver, on the Brow of a Meane Hille, and rifith 
ftilJe from the South to the North. Al the old Building of 
the Toune was of Stone, the new is of Tymbre. 

There be yn the Waidles of Northampton 4. Gates, namid 
by Efte, Weft, North and South. The Efte Gate is the 
faireftof them alle. 

There is a faire Suburbe withoute the Southe Gate : and 
another, but lefle, withoute the Weft Gate, yn the wich is 
a very pratie Houfe ex lapide polite quadrato. it longith to 

The Caikl ftondith hard by the Weft Gate, and hath a 
large Kepe. The Area of the Refidew is very large, and 
bullewarkes of Yerth be made afore the Caftelle Gate. 

Paroche Chirches in Northampton withyn the Waulles be Fd. $• 
7. wherof the Chirch of Al-Halowes is principale, ftonding 
yn die Harte of the Toune, and is large and welle buildid. 

There be in the Suburbes 2. Paroche Chirches, wherof I 
few one yn die Weft Suburbe as I rode over the Weft Bridge, 
fairly archid with Stone, under the which Avon it felf, not 
yet augmented with Wedon Water, doth ren. 

Chapelles. y There is a Chapelle of S. Catarine fette in a 
Cemlterie in the Toune, longging to the Chirche of Al-Ha* 
lows. Where that paroch dooth byri. 

And I faw the Ruines of a large Chapelle withowte the 
North gate. 

S. Andreas^ the late [Monastery] of -Make Monkes, ftoode 
yn the North Parte of the Toune, hard by the North Gate. 
Simon Sain&elxz f the firft beyng Erie of Northampton and 
Huntendune made this Houfe : but he is not buried there ; 
for he died yn Frounce^ and there buried. But Erie Simon the 
fecunde, and Erie Simon the 3. Sunne to the fecunde, were 
booth buried in S. Andreas. There was alfo buried under a 
Hade Stone in the Quier an Archebifehop. 

m lleftiiot I paffed in St. fi Mr.] Sic plane in Autogr. Nee 
alfter in St. B. ic G. y Mr. Burton's Copy is thus : There is a 
ChappeU of St. Catherine (longing to the Church of All-HaUewes, 
where that Paroch doth burie) let in a Ceinitery in the towne. 
i Being the firft in Burton. 

There 



io ICELAND'S ITINERARY 

There was byried alfo one Verney y that was made Knight 
at the Feeld of Northampton. 

5. James ftandith a litle diftant from the extreme Part of 
the Weft Suburbe. The Waulle that curapafith the hole fite 
of the Houfe is highe, feire, and large, ex lapide quadrata. 

Fol. 0. De la Pray 
Mrtbam- There was a great bataille faught in « Htnry the vj.Tyme at 
/ftwfcld. Northampton on the Hillc whhoute the Southe Gate, where 
is a right goodly Crofie, caullid, as I remembre, the &uenes 
Crojfe. and many Walfch men were drounid yn Avon Ryver 
at this Conflict. Many of them that were flayn were buried 
2X.de la Pray : and fum at S. John's Hofpitale. 
Cut. Lidui. ?. John's Hofpitale was originally foundid by one William 
Saintte Clere, Archtdiacon of Northampton^ and brother to 
SbnenesLi- one of the Simons SainflecIereS) as fum of Sainfie John's name 
m. them - y but as I have redde alway they were caulid 8ain£Ieliz, y 

^"V' zsxd not S.Oere. 

This Hofpitale ftondith within the /3 Waulle of the Tonne, 
a lide above the South Gate. 

There is yn the North fide of the Chirch a HighTmnbe, 
wher is buried the Lady Margaret. 

In the South fide lyith buried Elis y Pouger with a French 
Ep[itaph.J 

6. Thomas Hoipkale is with out* the Toune, and joinith 
hard to the Weft Gate, tt was ere&id within lefle then a 
hundertth Yeres pafte, and tndoid with fum Landes,al by the 
Citifens of Northampton. 

Fol. io. The Gray-frens Houfe was the befte birildid and Iargeft 
Houfe of all the Places of the Freres, and ftoode a litle be- 
yond the chief Market Place almoft by flatte North. 

The Site and ground that it ftoode on longid to die Cite, 
wherapon the Citizins were taken for founders of [it.] 

There lay ij. of the l SalysUries buried in this Houfe of Graf 
Frere. And as I remember it was told me that one of the 
Saluhries Doughtters was Mother to Sis Wyltiam Pear and 
his Elder Brother. 

The Blake-Freres in the Streate where the Horfe Market 
is kept ons a Weke. 

The White-Frerts Houfe ftoode a lide above the Gray- 
Freres. 

m Henry the V th ' 8 . tyme G. £ Walls G. y Ponget G. but 
ever the line is written Pouger. 



Salisbyri. 



The 



LELAND*S ITINERARY, u 

The Augujline-Frerts Houfe ftoode on the Weft fide of the 
S&tate by the Southe Gate, hard agayne S. John's Hofpitale. 
The Langftlds of Buckingham/hire were taken as original 
Founders of this Houfe, and a late was the olde Langefeld 
Knight of the lame Line fo taken. Divers of the Langftlds 
were buried in this Chirch. I heer of no Men els ofNo- 
bOite there biried. 

The Hedde of Avon Ryver « vifitith a litle p fidenham of FuL n. 
Giksborow Village, and cummith by it there firft receyving a 
botom: GHUsborow a vj. Miles almoft plain North from 
Northampton : and fo touching by a few Villages cummith 
to Northampton. 

The Hedde of Wtdon Water is, as I could lerne of Wtdon 
Men, at FauUeJk yn Mr. Knigbttlt*s Poles, and yn Badby 
Poles be Springges alfo, that reforte to this ftreme : and be- 
fide there cummith a litle broke into Wtdon ftream, a very 
litle beneth Wtdon : and as I ftoode it cam yn by the farther 

ripe. Faulltjlt Pooles be aboute a Myle 
Mr. Knigbttlty, a man of y from G&*/v,wher the Hedde lot Chart 
great Lands, hath his princi- Ryver is that rennith to BanbyrL So 
pal Houfe at FatdUJU, but it tb.it therys but an hille betwixt [the] 
is no very fumptuus thing. Heddes of thefe Waters. [Wtdon] Wa- 
Mr. Ntwtwham Knight dwel- ter goith from Wtdon to Flour, a Vil- 
lith £ a Myle of it. lage thereby; after tot Hay ford Village, 

2. Miles of, where the chefe Houfe of 
the Manttllts is ; and thens to S. Thomas Bridge at Northam- 
pton, a 3. Miles of, wher it goith ynto Avon. And as Avon 
Water rifith almoft by North, fo doth Wtdon Water ryfe by 
■ Weft. 

Wtdon is a praty thorough fare, fette on a playne ground, 
and much celebratid by cariarsj bycaufe it ftondith hard by 
the famofc Way, there communely caullid of the People 
Wathtling Strttt. And apon this the tounelet is caullid Wt- 
don on the StrtaU. The Tounlet of it felf is very meane 
and hath no Market. And the Paroche Chirch is as meane* 
A litle from the South fide of the Chirch Yarde ys a faire 
Chapel dedicate to S. Wtrburgt, that fum tyme was a Nunne 
**• »*• at Wedon, wher was a Monafterie yn Btdt's Tyme, fyns de- 
ftroied by the Dants. But wither there were any Monaftery 

m vifitith] L. rifttb. /S Sidtnbam] Syden band St. y from 
Chart] from Chart on St. from Char It ton G. s of Chart] of Char* 
totUQ. f Harford] Harford St. £ a Myk of it] a Myle of, att 

• with (even points after, in G. 4 Weft] Eafi G. 

at 



la LELAND'SITINERARY. 

at Wedon fyns the Conqueft, I could not well lerne there. 
The Vicar tolde me that the Lordfhip of the Toune did ons 
long to Bikharwik r a Monafterie yn Normandie : And that 
after the Priores alienes of the French ordre did lefe their 
Poffeflions yn England, King Henry the vj. did gyve the 
Lordfhip of Wedon * to Eton College by Wyndefore. 

There apperith on the £ South fide of S. Werburges Chapelle, 
wher in bominum memoria was an area and fair building about 
it, and a Chapel withyn in: now there is nothing butigreate 
Barnes longging to the Fermar. 

Toweefter is 7. Miles from Wedon* and as much from North- 
ampton) al by playne Corne ground and pafture. John Far- 
mar tolde me that there appere certen Ruines or Diches of 
a Caftelle at Towceflre. Enquire farther of thys. 
From Northampton to itingefthorpe 
a Mile, and a title farther by Mutton Kingeflhorp is a goodly Be- 
Parke enclofid with (tone, where is nefice, and yet is but a Cha- 
meately plentie of Wood, it longgid a pel to S Peter's of Nortbam- 
late to the Lord Vaulx. now to the pton by the Caftelle, the 
Kinge Jn it is no building, but a mene which now is a very poore 
Y Lodge. t^JBS* 

ThensbyChampayneGround,bering The Erie of Warwick had 
good Grade and Come, a ix. Miles to 3. Lordihipps in Northam- 
Ketering* a pratie Market Toune. ptonjhir* Hanjfop y Multon and 

I rode over a Bridge of Tymbre or • . . . 

I cam to Ketering by a Quarter of a 

Mile, under this bridge rennith a litle ftreame cumming al* 
mod originally from a V illage diftant I aliquot milliariis, caullid 

wherof the Water takith Name. 

And a litle beyond I rode over a nother bridge of Tymbre, 
Fed. 13. wher rennith a Broke, bering the Name of Slerford Pillage* 
a v. Miles of from whens it cummith. and this Water ren- 
nith under the Rootc of Hilling Ground that the Toune 
ftondith of. 
A litle beyond the Town of Ketering* The Confluence of thefe 
as I went toward Gadington* I pallid 3. brakes is a litle beneth .St- 
over a Broke, that cummith from 1 Ar- taring in the Medowes. 
Angworthy a vj. Miles of; fo that bothe 

fides of the Toune of Ketering be welle waterid. 

« to Eton College'] See the learned DlTamnb r's Not. Monaft. 
p. 161. £ South fide o/S. Werburge'/ Cbapelle*] Sic eriam in St. 
fc G.y Lodge] Lodgifige St. i aight mille Aor aliquot militants in 
St. 1 Ardingwortb] Arding North G. fed Ardingwortb infra habet. 

From 



L E L A N D'S I T I N E R A R Y. 13 

From Ketering to Gadington, a pratie uplandifch Toune, 2. 
Myles, wherl paffid agayne in the Midlc of the Toune over 
jfrdingworih Water, that there rennith under a ftone Bridge. 
Thens to Wettedom, an uplandifch Towne, 4. Miles,where 
the Soile is fumwhat furnifhid about with Wood : and plen- 
tie befide of Corne and Grafle. 

On the South fide of Welkden a litle without it, hard by 
the highe Way, ys a goodly quarre of Stone, wher appere 
great Diggyns. 

A litle wit)ioute JVelleden I paffid over a Broket, and thereby 
I law a faire Chapelle. And thens 2. Miles by Come, Pafture 
and Wood to Deene. 

There was one Yve fumtyme Lorde of Dene aboute the 
Tyme of King John: and he had the Landes of a Priory fum- 
tyme there, « and Celle to Weftminifter^ and afore fuppreffid 
of theAbbate of Weftminjter zpon a certen Rent. 

From Dene to Bens/eld 2. long Myles. There appere by the 
Weft ende of the Paroche Chirch the Dich andKuines of an 
old Caftelle. 

Mr. Brudenel told me that he red ons in an old Record of 
the Kinges that BaJJtngbum y or one of a like Name ending 
yn burn/, was Lord of it. Now it longgith to Soucb of 
Codnor. 

Braybroie Caftelle apon Wiland Water was made and em- 
batelid by Licens that one Br ay broke, a Noble Man in thofe 

[days] did obteine. it is £ a . • . Miles from 

Mr. Griphine is now Owner of it. he is a Man of fair Landes. 
From Dene to Roklngham by fumme Corne and Pafture, 
but more Wood grounde, 7 a 3. Miles. 

The Caftelle of Rokingbam ftandith on the Toppe of an 
hille, right (lately, and hath a mighty Diche, and Bulle Warks 
agayne i withoute the Diche. The utter Waulles of it yet 
ftond. The Kepe is exceding fair- and ftrong, and in the 
Waulles be certein ftrong % Tower. The Lodgings that were 
within the Area of the Caftelle be difcoverid and faul to 
Ruine. One thing in the Waullis of this Caftelle i$ much F °l- '4* 
to be notid, that is that they be embatelid on booth the fides. 
So that if the Area of the Caftelle £ were won by dimming in 

« and Celli\ a Celle St. fi a . . , Miles'] So alfo mSt. and G. Sc 
tbe Original toitb a Space. In Mr. Barton a Mile, y a 3. Miles] 
4 z. Miles G. contra Fidem Autograph]. Iwitboute tbe Ditches 9 
G. feens atque in Autographo. t Tower] Towers G. & St. fed non 
itt in Autogr. £ were mn defunt in G, mali. 

at 



H LELAND'SITINERARY. 

at* other of the 2. Greate Gatet of the CafteHe, yet die 
Kepers of the Waulles might defende the CafteHe. I markid 
that there is aftronge Tower in the Area of the Caftell, and 
from it over the Dungeon Dike is a Draw Bridge to the Dun- 
geon Toure. 

There Iyith a greate Valley under the CafteHe of Roking- 
banty very plentifull of Corne and Grafle. The Foreft of 
Rokingham after theolde Perambulation is aboute a 20. Miles 
yn lenght, and in bred the fi 5. or 4. Miles in fum Places,and in 
fum leUe. There be dyvers Lodges for Kepers of the falow 
Dere yn it. 

And withyn the Precin&e of it is good Corne and Pafture 
and Plentie of Woodde. 

The Launde ofBenifefd with [in] this Foreft is fpatious and 

[faire] to courfeyn. y This Launde [is] [miles] 

from Btnifeld Village, and is n. . . 

From Kokingham to Pippewelle the late Abbay about a 3. 
Miles of by Wood and Pafture. There befaire Buildinges at 
this Place. 

I The King huntid at a great Park of his owne caullid 
it is from Ptpewelle a 4. [miles.] 

From Dene to Haringworth a 3. Miles 1 be Corne, Grafle 
and fum Wooddy Grounde. 

The Lorde Souche hatha right goodly Manor Place, by the 
Faroche Chyrch of this Village, buildid Caftelle like. The 
firft Courte wtierofis clene doune, faving that a greate Peace 
of the Gate Htfufc and front of the £ Waulle by it yet ftondith. 

The vnner Parte of this Place is meately Welle maintainid, 
and hatn a Djche aboute it. The Waulles of this ynner Courte 
be in fum * Places imbatellid. 

And withyn this Courte is a fair ChapeJle, in the Bodie 
« wherof Iyith one of the Souches byried, and a great flat ftone 
over hym. 

There is a Parke by this Manor Place : and a fair Lodge 
Pol. 15. fn it. 1 hard fay that this Place hath bene longTyme yn - 
the Souches Handcs, and that they have countid it for one of 
their chefeft Howfes. 
r ■ 

« Either in Burton, fi Sic Autogr. fed 4, or 5. Galeanus Co- 
Acx. y This Launde is a 3. Miles from Beningfela Village, and is 
no parte of /f. St. tTbe King huntid &c] This Paragraph is 
wanting in St. t he] By St. 8c O. Be pro by fsephis in Lelando. 
By in Burton. £ WaulU] WaBs G. 

iPta*. 

From 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. i$ 

From Dene to Staunton Village, longging to Mr. Brudenel 9 
10 Miles* 

In this Way I rode by Rokingbam, and after over Welanda 
Ryver, thatdeparttth there and much yn other Places « North** 
amptonfhire from Leirceftrefbire. 

The Bridge felf of Rokingbam departith as a limes Nortb- 
amfUn 9 Leirceflerfhire and Kuthelandfhire. 

The Grounde bytwixt Dene and Staunton plentiful of 
Corne, and exceding fair and large Medowis on bothe fides 
of Weland. But from Rtkingham to Staunton there was in 
fight litle Wodde, as yn a Countery al Chaumpain. I rode 
over a rotable Broke or 2. bytwixt WeUmi Water and 
Stanton. 

The Broke that cummith by Stanton rifith at 

From Staunton to Leyrcefter al by ChaumpaiJie Grounde 
an 8. or 9* Miles. 

fl And as I rode from Staunton I faw a a. Miles of Nofeley y NoUhy 
Village, where is a Collegiate Paroche Chirch of a 3. Preftes, °*s* 
a. Clerkes, and 4. Choriftes. Nojley Nongid to the Bbketes\ 
and an Heire general of them aboute Sdwarde the 3. Tyme 
was markdto one Roger MertxtaUe that foundid the title Mdrtaralle. 
College of NofAy. This Nofeley and other Landes thereaboute 
cam onto 2* Doughtters of one of the Mortevilles, wherof Mmum 
one was maried onto Hughe Uaftinges\ the other was a^^ 
Nunne, and alienid much of her Parte. After this Nofeley 

m Northampton/Biro] Vocnlagf fupra lin. fcribitor in 0. ab ead. 
in. fed male. This §. is othermife read in Burton, viz. And as I 
rode from Staunton I iawe a* miles of Nofeley Village, where is a 
Collegiate Paroch Chirch of 3. Preifts, 2. Clerkes, sad 4. Cho- 
tiftess, Nofeley btlongid to the Family of Mart ivale five de Morlua- 
nolle, the laft of which Family wm Roger do Martivale, Bifhop of 
SjJifbury, (bane and heire to Sr. Anketill dt Martivall, Lord of 
Nofeley ; which Roger dyed, leaving Joyce his Sifter and Heire, 
who was married td Robert de Sadaington 9 whofe Daughter and 
fole Heire IfaSell was married to Sir Raft Haftings Kt. who by her 
had Iflae Sir Raft de Hafiinges Kt. from whom George Hafiinges, 
now Earle of Huntington, is lineally defcended, and Margaret 9 firft 
married to Roger Heron Kt. after to Sir John Biaket Kt. Sir Roger 
Heron had Mbe by Margaret his wile three Daughters and Heires, 
lfebell, Margaret \ and Elizabeth. IfaMlwos married to Thomas 
Hafekig of fawdon in Northumberland, who brought to her Hus- 
band this Mannor of Nojley % in which name it doth yet remaine. 
y No Account of this College in Mm. Aug. But taken Notice of 
by Dr. Tanner Not. Men. p. 1 1 5. \> longid] longeth G. male. 

by 



i6 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Hafilrig. by an Hcire generale cam in Manage to HafiHg 9 in the 
which Name it dothe yet remayne. The Name of HaJUrig 
cam oute of Scotlande* 

« Skefington lay upward a Mile and morefrotn Ne/eley, wher 
rofe the Name of the Skefingtons. 
Fol. i6. j n pafling betwixt Stanton and Leircefter I rode over a. or 
3. Brokes. \ 

The hole Toune of Leircefter at this Tyme is buiWid of 
tymbre : and fo is Lugbborow after the fame rate. 

S. John's Hofpital Landes for the moft part was gyven by 
Edward the 4. to the College of Newark in Leyrcefter. 

Other Robert BoJftu 3 Erie of Leircefter, or Petrowila, a 
Countes of Leircefter , was buried in a Tumbe ex marmora 
calchedonico vn the Waul of the South of the High Altare of 
S. Marie Abbay of Leyrcefter 4 . 

The Waulles of S. Marie Abbay be 3. quarters of a Mile 
aboute. 

The Gray-Freres of Leircefter ftode at the ende of the 
Hofpital of Mr. Wigejion. Simon Mountef$rt> as I lernid, waa 
Founder fi there: and there was byried King y Richard 3. 
and a Knight caullid Mutton, fumtyme Mayre of Leyrcefter. 

Ifawin the Quire of the Blake-Freres the* Tumbe of 

And a flat Alabafter Stone with the name of Lady lfabel y 
Wife to Sr. John Beauchaump of Ho[h.] t And in the North 
Jfle I (aw the Tumbe of another Knight without Scripture. 
And in the North Crofle Ifle [a Tombe] having the Name 

of Roger Po[ynter] of Leicefler armid 

Thefe Thinges brevet/ I mar kid at 
teyrcefter. 

The Caftelle ftonding ncre the Weft bridge is at this Tyme 
a thing of fmaul Eftimation : And there is no Apparaunce 
other of high Waulles or Dikes. So that I think that the 
Lodginges that now be there were made fins the Tyme of 
the Barons War in Henry the 3. Tyme j and great likelihod 
there is That die Caftelle was mucn defacid in Henry the 2. 
Tyme, when the Waulles of Leircefter £ wer defacid. 

m Shefington 9 & lin. pros. Shefingtons, in St. fi Thereof in Bur- 
ton, y Richard the 3d. flayne at Bofwortb fcild, and a Knight in 
Burton. I Tumbe'] Tmbes St. 1 And in the North Croffe Ifle * Tombe 
having the Name of Roger Poynter armed > of Leycefter, and ano- 
ther Tombe there of a Knight without Scripture. G, { Were pulled 
downc in Burton. 

There 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. " 17 

There was afore the Conquefte a Collegiate Chirch of 
fccbendes intra + Caftrum, The Landes wherof gyven by 
RjAtrt Bejju Erie of Leirceftre to the Abbay of Chanons 
made by htm withoute the Walles. a hew Chirch of the Re- 
fidew of the oldPrebendes was ere&id withoute the * Caftelle, 
and dedicate to S. Marti, as the olde was. 

la this Chirch of S. Marie extra caftrum I faw the Tumbe 
of Marble of Thomas Rider, Father to Mailer Richard df Fol. 17. 
Leir after. This Richard I take to be the fame that yn thofe R*w*« 
Daves, as it apperith by his Workes, was a greate Clerke. f^ I * # " 
Befede this Grave I faw few thinges there of any auncient 
Memorie within the Chirch. 

The Collegiate Chirch of Newark and the Area of it 
yoinith to a nother Peace of the Caftelle Ground. 

The College Chirch is not very great, but it is exceding 
fair. There lyith on the North fide of the High Altare Henry 
Erie of Lancafter, withowt a Crounet, and 2. Men childern 
I under the Arche next to his Hedde* 

On the Southe fide lyith Henri the firft Duke of Lancafter ; 
and yn the next Arch to his Hedde lyith a Lady, by Likeli- 
hod his Wife. 

Com/hmce, Douehtter to Peter, King of Caftelle, and Wife 
to Jtfinof Gaunt, liith afore the High Altare in a Tumbe of 
Marble with an Image of [Braflc] (like a Quene) on it. 

There is a Tumbe of Marble in the Body of the Quire. • 
They told me that a Countes of Darby lay biried in it, and 
they make her, I wot not how, Wife to John of Gaunt or 
Henry the 4. Indeade Henry the 4. wille John of Gaunt livid 
was caullid Erie of Darby. 

In the Chapelle of ' St. Mary on the Southe fide of the 
Quire ly buried to of the Shirley s. Knights, with their Wives * 
and one BrcJtesby an Efquier. Under a Piller yit a Chapelle 
of the South Crofle Ifle lyith the Lady Hungreford, and Sa- 
cbever el her fecund Husbande. 

In the Southe lide of the Body of the Chirch lyith one of 
the Bhtntes, a Knight, with his Wife. 

And on the North fide of the Chirch ly 3. Wigeftons, greate 
BenefiiAors y to the College, one of them was a Prebendarie 
there, and made the free Grammar Schole. 

« Grffcdrum in Burton. /S under the Arches G. fed non ha in 
Aotogr. y e/G. Sed to fupra lin. ab ead. Manu. 

1 Cafol. ft LefrceflrV 3 S. Mr/. 

VoLL B The 



18 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Fd. 18. The « Cloifter on die South Wcftc fide of the Chireh it 
. large and faire : and the Houfes in the Cumpace of the Aicb 
of the College for the Prebendaries be al very pntv. 
The Waulles and Gates of the College be ftatejy. 
The riche Cardinal of Winchefler gildid al the Flourea and 
Knottes in the Voulte of die Chirch. 

The large Almofe Houfe ftondith alfo wtthyn the Qua- 
drante of the Area of the College. 

A lide above the Weft bridge the Sore caftith oute an 

Arme, and fone after k cummith in again, and makith one 

ftreame £ of Sort. W ithyn this Ifle ftandith the Blake-Freras 

very pleafauntly. and hard by the Freres is alfo a Bridge of 

Stone over this Arme of Sore. And after the hole Water 

creping aboute half the Toune cummith thorough the North 

Bridge of a vij. or viij. Arches of [Stoae.] And there Sort 

brek[eth into two] amies againe, wher[of the biggeft] goith 

,byS. Maries afbbay Handing] on the farther Ripe ; and the 

other, caullid the Bisjhoppes IVatery bycaufe the Bisfliop of 

-Lincoln's Tenentes have Privilege on it, and after lone 

methith with the bigger Arme, and fo infulatith a right large 

and plefaunt Medow; wherapon die 

Sore camming again fcorte- Abbay, as I fuppofe, in fum Writinges 

ly to one botom goith a i 4. is caullid S. Maria de profit. Over the 

Miles of by the Ruines of the Midle Part of this Arme ofBisJbops Wa- 

Cartel of Mountfirelle. ter is a meane Stone bridge: and a lidc 

beyond it is a nother Stone bridge, 
thorough Che which paffit a lide land broke, camming from 
Villages not far of, and fo rennith into Bis/hops Water. And 
by Bisjhops Water is a Chapel longging to the Hofpital of S. 
John, At this Chapel lyith Mr. Boucher. 

S. Margarete's is thereby the faireft Paroche Chirch of 
. Leircefier 9 -wher ons y was Cathedrale Chirch. and therby the 
Bisfliop of Lincoln had a Palace, wherof a litle yet ftandith. 

• John Peny £ firft Abbate ofLeircefter, then Bisfliop of Ban- 
gor and Cairluel [is here buried in] an Alabafter Tumbe, 
[This Penny made the new Bricke workes of Leicefier Abby, 
and much of the britk walles.] 
Fol. 19.^ From Leircefter to Brodegate by ground weile wooddid 
3. Miles. At Brodegate is a fair Parke and a Lodge lately 
jmildid there by the Lorde Thomas Gray, Marquife of Doz- 
,» t ..1 * > ■ ' ■ 

m Cloifters ftanding on the in Burton. £ Of Sore are wanting 
<#* Burton, y mas a Cathedrale Chirch St. U G. * Aboat the 
Ruines 4. Miles by <?. • John dtdfc in St. I, firft deeft in Q. ' 

fete, 



LEI^NDS ITINERARY. 19 

Jksy Fatjh*r t% Henry th^t i$ now Marquife. There is a fair 
and plentiful Spring of Water brought by Mafter Brok as a 
Man toW juge ^gsune the Hille thoroug the Lodge, and 
thereby it dryvith a Myllc. This Parke was parte of the 
olde Erics otLeircefie/u l^andes, and fins by Heires generates 
it cam to the Locde Fetrares of Groby, and io to the Urates'. 

From Brtdegate to Groby a Mile and Mr , , ^ «>., e . . 
«halfmuchby«Wodde&nde. There *<*"** MdesfromZ«r- 
raaaimc few tokens of the olde Caftelle UJ %: p,,., c „ . 
monTthU that yet is the Hille that the . T h » £ arke of ****** » 
Kepe of the • Caftelle ftoode on very a V J' M,les cum P acc - 
notable, but ther i? now no ftoae Work apon it. And the 
late Thom[ai Marquelji filled] up the Diche of [it with Earth, 
eatending] to make* an hg[rbare there, y The ould] parte of 
the Workfe, that now is at] Groby was made [by die ftr- 
ww.] i &Mt newer Workes and Buildinges there were eredid 
by the Lpi de Thorna? ftrft Majquifc of Dorfet ; emong the 
which Workes he began and ere<9ti4 the Fupdatiort and 
Waulles of a greate Gate Houfe of Brike, and a Tour, but 
that was lefte half on finifhid of hym, and fo it ftandith yet. 
This Lorde Thomas ere&id aJfo ana almofte finifhid ij. Toures 
of Brike in the Fronte of the Houfe, as refpondent on eche 
fide to the Gate-Houfe. 

There b a feife lsffge Parke by the Place a vj. Miles in 
Cumpafe. There is alfo a popre Village by the Place and a 
litlc Broke by it. 

And a Quarter of a Mile from the Place in the Botoiu 
there is as fs|ire and large a Pole as lightely is in Leyrceftrt-* 
fare. There iffuith % a Broket out of this Lake that after 
cummith by Groby, and [there] dryvith a Mylle and after [re- 
fort]ith to Sere River. 

From Broderate to Lughborow about a v. Miles. Firft I pa. 20. 
cam oute of Brodegate Parke into the Forefte of Charley, 
communely caullid the Waft. This foreft is a xx. Miles or 
more in Cumpace, having plenty of Woode : and the mod 
Parte of it at this Tyme longgith to the Marquife of Dorfete. 
The refidew to the King and Erie of Huntingdune* 

In this Foreft is no good Toune nor fcant a Village. Af- 
/duty de la Zoucbe a Market Toune, Wtitwik Cartel and Vil- 

m fFeddenlande) WoddeUnd St. * Wooddland. G. » Thefe two 
Paragraphs in the Margin are omittc4 in Gale, y Tbe o/dar parte 
St. t But tbe newer St. 1 a Brooke* for a Broket inG. 

x CafWI. 
B 2 " lage> 



ao INLAND'S ITINERARY 

lage Lugbborow Market, « Wotvefcroft Priorie fi joynith on the 
verv Borders of it. 

The Ruincs of Whitewik Caftel long now by Permutation 
of Landes to the Marquife of Dorfete. Whitewik is a . * . 
Miles from Leirceftcr by 

Riding almoft in the Entering of thisForeft I faw 2. or 3. 
Quarres in Hilles of Slate Stone, longging to the Marquife 
of Dor fete. 

Ana riding a litle farther I left the Parke of Bewmaner y 
clofid with y Stone ' Walle and a pratie Logge yn it,longging a 
late to i Be\aumont.~\ Thens to Lugbborow Parke • a Mile more 
from Lugbborow Toune. [This] Parke cam to the Marquife 
of Dorfete by Exchaunge of Landes with the Kinge. 

Thens a title way of to hurley Parke, now longging alfo 
to the Marquife of Dorfete. 

Thens fcant a Mile to Lugbborow^ where I paffid over a 
litle Brooke, the principal Heddes wherof rifith in* Lugbborow 
Parke and . 

The Toune of Lugbborow is yn largenefs and good Build- 
in* next to Leyrcejier of al the Markette Tounes yn the 
Shire, and hath in it a 4. faire Strates or mo welle pavid. The 
Paroche Chirch is faire. Chapelles or Chirchis befide yn the 
Toune be none. 

At the South eft Ende of the Chirch is a faire Houfe of 
Tymbre, wher ons King Henry the vij. did lye. 

The great Streame of Sore River lay as. I ftoode on the left 
Hond of the Toune within lefle then a Quarter of a Mile of it, 
and thereabout went Lugbborow Water into Sore. 
Fol. it. From Leircefter to Lutterworth a Market Toune a x. Miles 
toward Warwikjhire. 

The Toune is fcant half fo bigge as Lugbborow, but in 
it there is an Hofpital of the Fundation of 2. or 3. £ the 
Ferdounes, that were Lordes of auncient Tyme of the s Toune. 

A good Parte of* the Landes of the verdounes be cum in 
procefie now to the Lorde Marquife of Dorfete. and the Col- 
lege of Affcheley in IVarwikefhir^ by Nunneiton y t were the 
late Lorde Tb:mas Marquife of Dorfete was buried, was of 

* And Ullefcrott Priory joyne in Barton, fi joy ne for joynith in . 
G. y Stone Waulis St. WaHe is tvanting in G. i Bellemonts St. 
• a mile or more St. a mile and more G. <J Of the in Burton. 
% where St. Where in Burton. 

1 Wallw. 2 Lugborow. 3 towne. 

the 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 21 
die Foundation of « ' Tb$. Lorde Aft e ley. And al the Landes 
in a mancr that the Lorde Marquife of Dorfete hath in that 
Egge of Leircfflerjbir y or Warwikjhire^ were longging fum- 
trae to the Ktrdoums fi and Aftleis. There rifith certeine 
Springes in the Hilles a Mile from Lutterworth^ and fo dim- 
ming to a Botom they make a Brooke that paflith by Lut- 
terworth and fo 

Forefiesyn Leircefterihire. 

The Forefte of Leyrcefter yoining hard to the Toune : it 
is a v. Miles lenghthe, but of no greate Breede : and is re- 
plentfhid with Dere. 

The Forefte of Charley a xx. Miles yn Cumpace. 
Parkes yn Leyrcefterfihire. 

The Parke y by S. Mary Abbay. The Frith Park fum- 
tyme a mighty large thyng, now partely deparkid, and partely 
bering the Name of the New Part, welle palid. 

Betlemontes Leafe fumtyme a great Park by Leircefter 9 but 
now convertid to Pafture. Barnt Parke, and Towley Park, 
and Bewmanor. Al thefe be the Kinges. 

The Lorde Marquife of Dorftte hath Groby, Brodegate> 
LuMaroWy and Bur ley y fair Parkes. 

The Lorde of Huntingdon hath Baggeworth Park, where 
appere withyn a Diche Ruines of a Manor Place, like a Ca- *«L "♦ 
ftelle building. Kirkeby Parke a 4. Miles from Leircefter by 
Loyrcefter Foreft. 

And the Lorde of Huntingdon hath 3. Parkes at AJcheby 
it la Zouch. This AJfcbeby hath beene in the Haftinges 
}Tyme, but fins that t the Lorde Haftinges, fo great with 
King Edward the 4. got it partely by a Title, partely by 
Monv paid. 

The late Thomas Bohyne^ Erie of Wilejhiri^ made a Title 
to it by the Lorde of fcocbeford y which was Heire to this 

^ « the Verdones in St. for Tho. Lorde Afteleyi and fo Mr. Lelani 
himfelf had writ it through milUkc, and 'twas afterwards alter'd by 
Mr. Burton. Mr. Qale\ Copy has 7 be mas Lord Aft ley i whence I 
gather that his Copy is later than Mr. Burton'*, fl and Aftleis are 
wanting in St. and indeed they were added in the Orig. by Mr. 
Burton, y Of St. Man Abby by Lei re eft er in Burton, i Name 
for Tyme in Burton. But there is a fiar in the margin. 1 the 
Lorde Haftinges, fo great in King Edward the Fourth's tyme got 
&c,G. 

i Thomas Lord Afteky in the Margin not in the Author's hand. 

B 3 Souche ; 



1* LfeLAND'SIf INERARV. 

Souche : and by hym the Lorde Rothefbrd had ftl&Ufht and 
other Landes yn Cambridge/hire. 
Iq* There is a feire Qparre of Alabafter ftone about * 4. or 5. 
Miles from Leircefler y and hot very for from BeunuMer, 

From Brodegatt to Belkgreve Village a 4. Miles by Wod- 
dyand Pafture grounde. This Village is aboute a Mile lower 
on Sore River then Leircefter is ; and I cam over a great 
Stone Bridge or I enterid into it. There * deweliith a Gentil- 
man by the name of « Bellegre a Man of a 50. li. of Poffef- 
lions by the Yere. 

There is alfo a nother mene Gentilman of the BeRegreves 
yn Leircejferfhire. 

From Bellegreve to Ingresby a 4. Miles, partely by Come, 
Pafture and Woddy ground. This Lordfliip longgid ons to 
one jflgerxouney and after it was gyvin to Leyrcefler Abbay. 
Now it is Brian Caves, that boute it of the King. It ftondfth 
very welle, and the Grounde aboute it is very riche of Pafture. 

Thens to /s * Wifcumbe a 4. Miles by Come, Pafture and 
Wood y a 4. Miles". Mr. Radec/ifbmidid here a right good- 
Foi. 23. ly Houfe apon Smithe's ground, that now dwellith yn it, and 
hath married a Sifter of the Caves. I take this to be one 
of the faireft Houfis in Leireefterjbire> and t to the faireft 
Orchardes and Gardines of thofe Quarters : but it ftondfth 
lowe and wete, and hath a Pole afore it but al the Vame 
thereabout is goodly Pafture. Launde Priory is hard there by. 

TheForeftof t'Z> 

Gentilmen of Leyrcefterfhir that hi there moft of Reputation. 

Villares [of £ Brokesby.] 

Digby [of Tilton.] 

* Brokesby [of Shoulby.] 

Neville of the Holte. 

Shirle toward Dumtingtoitj a Man of very fair Landes. 
Fol. 14. Schefington [of Skeffington.] 

3- Purefey of Dreyton. 

Vincente [of Pekleton.] 

« Bclgrave in Burton, /3 Withcock in the Margin by Mr. Bar- 
ton's own Hand, andfo in his Copy, y Redundant, t To be the 
in Burton. 1 In St. there is a Colon after Le 9 and in C divers 
points. So in the Original. Mr. Burtou has Lyfeild. £ The fol- 
lowing words inclosed relating to thefe Families are not in the Original, 
tut are taken from Mr. Burton's Copy, f Brokesby deeft in G. 
9- Purcfrey in Burton. 

I dwtilith. % Withcok. 

Vurviii 



X,EL AN ITd ITINERARY; 24. 

TarvxU [of Thurlefton.] 

Hajilrig [of NoufeleyA 

The Raines of the Caftelle of Hinkeky now longging to 
the King, fumtyme to the Erie of Leircefter, * be a 5. Miles 
from Leyr after ^ and in the Borders of Leircefter Foreft. and' 
the Boundes of Hinkeky be fpatius and famofe ther. 

Dunningtm Caftelle is in the Border of the Foreft of 
Charity toward Darhyflnr ; y and hath thereby a Park. J as I 
remember" it is an 8. Miles from Leircefter. it longgid • as I 
hard"* fumtyme to the Erles £ Levrce/ler \ now it is the Kinges. 

MhOnemt Caftelle a 2. Miles from Dunnington is praty, 
and vn meately good Reparation. 

Marke that fuch parte of Leircejierjhir n as is lying by *C4 
South andxft 3» in Champaine, and hath litle Wood. And 
fuch parte of Leircejierjhir as lyith by Weft and North hath 
much Woodde. 

From tWifcumbe partely thorough Woddy Ground of the *<*• *5« 
• Foreft of LuftiM, and (o in to Ruthelandejhir by Woddy 
firft, and then al Champain Ground, but exceding riche of 
Corne and Pafture, to Uppingham a Market Toune a 4. Miles. 
Uppingham is but one meane ftreate, and hath but a very 
meane Chirch. yet it is countid the beft Town of Ruthe- 
landjbirc. 

Luddinrlon is a Mile of: and ther is the auncient Manor ' 
Place of the Bifshop of Lincoln. 

From Uppingham to Haringworth 3. litle Miles, al by 
Chaumpaine. 

About a Mile from Haringworth I paffid thorough a Vil- 
lage that is in Ruthelandjhire. Haringworth is yn rfortham- 
pton-Jbir 9 and ftandith on Wcland Water. 

The Shire of Rutheland lyith in a maner as it were in a 

« be * 5. Miles from Leyrcefter defunt in G. fi Charley] 
Chanty St. y and hath thereby a Park.] In G. the full Point it " 
not put after Park, but after remember. St. hath no point after 
either of thefe words. } Defunt in Burtono. t Defunt in Burtono. 
£ Lincolne in margine, manu Burtoni. in cujus etiam exemplarific 
kgitur, to the Lacyes Earles of Lincolne. 9 as is by it by South G. 
& hfor in in Burton. < Withcock/ar marg. manu Burtoni. W fie 
in ejus exemplari. * toreft of Leefeild] Mr. leland himfclf had 
written only Foreft of Le, leaving a Blank for the otherLetters, which 
were at length fupply'd by Mr. Burton. *Tis Le in St. without a- 
Blank. Leefeild. G. Hence 'tis plain that his Copy was after 
Burton's. 

B 4 Roundel 



14 LELAND'S ITINERARY: 

Roundel, and [lyjith partely apon Wtland wa[ter] from Stam- 
ford to the [very J Bridge of Rokingbam. 

From Dene to Cli ffe-Pzrke 3. Miles : it w partely waullid 
with ftone and partely palid. 

From Dene to Coliwefton a 5. or 6. Miles, partely by 
Champain, partely by Woodde ground. 

Almoft yn the Middle Way I cam by Finfbed y lately a 
Priory of Blak Chanons, leving it hard by on the right hond. 
it is ? 4. Miles from Stanford. Here in the very place wher 
the Priory ftoode was yn tymes paft a Caftel caullid Hefy. 
it longgid to the Engaynes : and they dwellid yn it, ontylle 
fuch tymethat one of them for lak of Childern of his ownc 
began a Priory ther, gyving them Landes even thereabout : 
wherby after the Caftelle was pullid downe to make up the 
Priory, fo that now there remaynith almoft no token that 
ever ther was any Caftel there. 

Ccly Weftcn for the moft parte is of a new Buildipg by 
the Lady Margaret^ * Mother to Hery the vij. TheLord Crom- 
wel had afore [begunne] a Houfe ther. /8 Bagges of Purfe[» 
yet] remayne there yn the [Chappel]le and other Places. 
Fol. 26. From Co/y Weflon to Grimefthorpe about an 8. Miles y or 
9. moft" by playn Ground, good of Corne and pafture, but 
litle Wood, i laving about toward Vauldey Abbay, and Gri- 
mcfiborp felf. A good Mile af.er that I cam out of Stanford 
1 paffid over a ftone Bridge under the which ran a praty Ri- 
ver. I toke it for IVafcb: and Here I markid that cummyng 
a litle oute of Staunford I enterid ynto a Corner of Rutbe- 
landjbire, and fo went a 3. Miles onto fuch tyme as I cam to 
a forde, 1 wher ran a bek ( ryfing at a place not far of caullid 
Hafy IVelUy n as one there dyd telle me". This bek there 

* Mother to Hcry the vii.] Wife to Hery the vii. C. male. fi> 
Bagges ofPurfes.'] So alfo in St. Quaere whether it fliould not be 
read Bagges or Purfes : but I have printed it juft as it is in the Ori- 
ginal, y Defunt in Burtono. I faring about toward J] About is 
Wanting in G. and I belitve it fliould be blotted out. 1 tvber ram 
a bek rifing at a plate not far of&c] So alfo Mr. Stone had tran£ 
crib'd it* but a later Hand hath inkrg'd the Pauage thus : where 
ran a beke ryfinge as well at a plaee not far of eawllyd Haly well, 
as one there dyd telle me, as at Cattle Bytham, and/o running from 
thence to Little Bytham and Carbye, where it joyneth betwene both 
the Sheres with the water of Holy well, and fo faffing by Eflendyne 
runneth to Grctford &fr. This Beke there deviditb Rutheland/rm 
Lyncolnfliirc : and a 2. myles of &c, ( Here St « defunt in Jlun. 

deviditb 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. *j 

dcridith Rutbeiand from Lyncoln/bire : and a a. MHes-of I 
Jaw Cuftelk Bitbam, wher yet remayne great Waulles of 
Buildinge*. LitUBitbam a Village ys hard thereby, booth in 
Lincobtfinr p as yn the egge of it. The y Lord Hufey was a 
late Locd of Bitbam Caftelle. A litle of Bitbam rifit of certen 
fpringes a Broket, and about the ford that I fpake of afore 
joynith with the Broke that devidith the Shires, and notfar 
[of] is Robja HuduVs Cros, a limes of the Shires. 

It appenth by the Ruines of Vauldey Abbay a good half 
Myk a this fide Grynuftborp that it hath bene a great thyng. 

There ya yn the Wood by Vauldey Abbay a gret Quarrey 
of aCourfe Marble, wherof much belykelihod was occupied 
yn the Abbey. 

There is a fayre Parke betwixt VauUey and Grimafthorpe. 

The Place of GrmeJUmrpe was no great Thing afore the 
I new Building of the fecunde Court 

Yet was al the old Work of Stone, and the Gate Houfe. 
was faire and ftrong, and the Waulles of eche [fide] of it 
embatelid. 

There is alio a great Dich about the Houfe. 

From Grimeftbmf to Corby about a 3. Miles by Chaum- Pol. i T . 
payne Ground, wher dwdlith a Gentilman of mene Landes 
caullid Armeftrong. 

Thens to Boutbeby a 3. Miles, and therabout is raeady ftore 
ofWoddefcaterid. 

There was one Boutbeby of very auncient tyme* the Hey re 
generate of whom was marryed to Paynelle, % and therby rofe 
much the Paint lbs". 

The chief Houfe of the PaytuUes had ons a 900. Markes 
of Landes by the Yere : and it was welle £ coniervid on tille 
n about the * tyme of Henry the 5. Then John Paynelle the 
Farther and John his Sunne, boom Knighttes and great 
Lechers, bmn to decline ;• for John- the Father began to 
felle, and John the Sunne begot abhominably a Dougbter 
* of his owne Dougbter : and John the Father apon this fold 
al 1* them Landes, parte owt of hand and parte in reverfion; 
and John the Sunne dyid afore the Father, and yong 
Jobn[z Daughter] fled to other partes of En[gland for] 

« Buildings G. fi And in the Egge for as in the Egge In 6. 
y Lord Bitbam for Lord Hufey G. I Deeft new in G. • Defunt 
in Burt. ( confirmed G. « Deeft about in G. b of bis mug 
Dougbter : defunt in G. 1 the Lande St. & G. 

I tbt tjmc tvnct, % the lande, 

lhame, 



If LELAND'S ITINE1AIT. 

Jhame, and at the kft maried one Dimes 9 a Waver, bywbton* 
iichadChflckrn: and after a 3. Dcfcantea the Landes of tho 
Dines cua by an Heoe generate to one 2k$bx a Knight, and 
his Landes be alfo now cum to v. Sifters heires generates* 
wherof one is Wife to Richard Paynslle, now * owner of 
« Boutbeby. Boffin was a man borne in * Nattinghamfinre, and 
bad part of his Landes lying not far from Newark on Trent* 
and part lying in YarkJUr. Olde Sir JJm PayndL had a 
fecundc Sunne caullid Giffreytfidbtt was fenrant to theQyene of 
England, and yn good Effimation. Wberapon thinkktng hia 
* Brother's Doughter dede, he made fo y importune fate* that 
at the lafte he founde meanes by the King, that the Duk of 
Bedford was content that Geffrey fliould by of hym al fiioh 
Landes as Sir J$bn Paynelk the Father had fold onto hym, 
die which was the befte peace of the Lande. 

But aboute theTyme that Geffrey had payid for the 4 Landes 
cam Dyne's Wife, Doughter to Ycng Sir Jebn Pantile, and 
by a color got pofifion of Bareky a Manor of a 8a. Poundes 
by the Yere, a Mile from Grantham ; and fo made clayme 
to the refidew : fo that at the lafte compofition was made, 
that fee fhouidhave of the Landed that the Duke of Bed*- 
F0I.2S. yW had the Lordship of Bardy mi DumngUn: and the re- 
fidew to remayne to Geffrey Payntlk, the whkhe was great 
Graunrfather to PayneM now dwelling at Boutbeby* 

Tbimhby had by Purches the Lordfhip of i Jrenham of the 
old Sir John PayneUe. wher ' Tbimblehy now 1 lyving hath 
( build a his Place. 

Though the Paynelles were Lordes of the CafteUe of New- 
pcrt Point! in Buckinghamftnre, yet they had a great mynde 
tolyntBcntbehy: wher they had a praty Stone Houfe witbyn 
' a Mote. 

n One' Sir Rafe PaineUeym*** I hard'' Vice-Chamber 

hunetoKing . and Conflable of Bolingbrtk 

CafteUe. 

The Paynelles were Founders of an Afabay in Fraunu canllid 
Martereu 

• Olde Sir John Poinell the Father lyith buried on the North 

m Booths G. /S that was St. That was i* Burt, y impersonate 
G. i Irenham] There is a (ball fpacc after this word in G. *Tis 
written Jrhm in St. Points are put under en. flying G. {buildydSu 
9 One dceft. G. Deeft Burt. fr drfunt Byrt. ^^^^ 

lamm* a Moriitthamihin % Brother. 4 loads. 5 Thinkbj. 

fide 



T.fet,*Kl*SlTItt«ltA*V. * 7 

«fciif :tbe#jgh Akareat &u*iy. he died onto 0* 1420. 
Jl^UnkHn WifWifch in the Notch Me of the 1kn* Chin*. 

One Sir /?fefor PainelU lyifih buried in the Paroch Cbirdh 
rf ; . 

u frtnstlc was Father to Richard PajneJk now dwelling at 



&09** 



_ > Poymlh was Father to framlk, Cuftumer of Jfytfsfr. 
and he had a Lordfhip of 40/r. of the old Landes of the jftijr- 
mlks. 

ft One" Bawdry a Gentilman of nme Landes dwelfith at 
[SmurM a Mile from Bouthtby. 

Burn* Market fa a 3. or 4. Miles from Gf j m /tfnfi* There 
mere greee Diches, and die Dungeon Ha of an auncient 
CaAd agaym the Weft ende of the Priori, Ana what diftant 
from it at on the other fide of the ftreate bafcwarde t it 
Jonggid to the Lord* Wak^ and «uch favkeof Ae Wake fe 
is dooe?t> this CafteDe ; and every fbodarie knowith his Sta- 
tion and Place of fervice. 

I xcmembre that I red onsyn an Hiflorie of theCallel of 
Bunu: aadlhateredde that S.Edmnnd, King <rf the E/h 
jfngltsy was cfffiiiid at Burner hut I can not tote wither it 
were thys Burnt. 

From Gmniflbnrpe to Stmprimghm a v. Miles, and a Mile 
thens fumwhat inwftitle «m the «fce Hand is the Cafole of 
Ftkbtgbam, fumtyme the Lortte y B*rd*lfht\ fyns the Lord 
BtlLmontt\) now longing to the Dafee of XbrtkfiM. it 
hath bene a goodly Houfc, but now kftBifh 1 onto taiM. and 
it ftondith even about the oggeof the Femes. m. 29, 

From Bouthtby to J/qu&r al by Champaine Ground, fer- 
tile of Come and Gfttfle, 4. Mites, One Bujjbf, camming 
of a Younger Brother of the fieofe af Buffos of Ho*gekam^ 
dwdlithinattxrtd ttace at HWttr, *httheandhfa>ft»on«es 
hath in a Jbejfcnae of the Chlrch of Lincoln. 

From Rnfbr to Sitford a vj. Miles, al by champaine 
Grounde. Aboate a Mile from Hsyder I Aw the 'Raines of 
Catteh Priory, now longging to one Oar di Stefand^ a 'pro- 
per Gentih&aa, whos father ^was-awbeMaadiauae af the 
Staple. 

ns G^frj Panellems &c. 6. JMh Barton nddstbt Cbrifttdn name, 
Gefliy, wi*V£ iiftnukmt in *tbe OritfnuL So does alfo Gale's 
Copy. £ Drtj/P Burt, y Bariothes Burt, ttuns a Mnrebavnt St. 
mns MnnbnntG. 

„ l #1 xofir rato. 

The 



aS LELAND'S ITINERARY 

The Towne of Sleford is buildid for the moft part tl of 
|^* Stone, as moft part of al the Townes of Kefteven be : for 
the foile is plentiful of Stone. 

The Chirch of Sleford is large. And for Houfes .in the 
Toune I markid but 2. vety fair. The one longith to the 
Perfonage, as a Prebend of 16. It. yn Lincoln, and ftandithat 
the Eft Endc of the Chirch, and Carre Houfe * ftonding at 
the South fide of it. 

Gentilmen */* Kefteven. 
Bujjh of Hougbebam. 
Buffi of Haider. 
Tbimleky Knight at Irnebam. 

Difneji alias de Ifeney: he dwellith at Difeney \ and of his 
Name and Line be Gentilmen yn frounce. Ailejbam Priory 
by Themey Courtoife was of the Diffeneys fundation : and there 
were dvvers of them buried, and tikewifc at Difeney. 

fi Isoribton Difeney is a 6. Miles South Weft from Lincoln. 
PayneOe at Boutbeby. 
' Arming at Ergerby. 

Legbe dwelling at Ingoldesby is now a Man of meane 
Landes. his y aunceter were men of fair Landes. 
Haulle. 

Grantebam a Man of mene Landes by Hayder. 
Ceny a Stapler rifen by fMarchaundiie. 
Vemoun toward Grantebam. 
■ Perter about Grantebam. 
T^Bauity a Mile from Boutbeby. 
Bits greatly rifen bi Marchaundife. 
Holland at Howell* 
F#l. 30. Withoute the Towne of Sleford ftandith Weft South Weft 
the propre Caftell of Sleford, very welle maintaynid : and it 
is cumpafid with a Rennmg ftreme cumming by a Cut oute 
of a litle feene lying almoft flatte Wefte agauie it. 

* The Gate Houfe of the Caftelle 2. Porte Colices. 
There is an highe Toure in the midle of the Caftelle, but 

not fette d- apon /Hille of reifid Ycrth. 
The Vaultes of the Caftelle by the Ground be fair, 

* ftonding^ftonditbe St. ft Northampton Difeney is about 6. mites . 
G. y Aunceftors St. I After Marchaundife Mr. Burton adds at 
Bafingthorpe. 1 Port in Burt. { Bsudey, a mile from Boutheby, 
is greatly rifen by Marcbandife. G. % In the &c. be 2. Port Cul- 
licea in Burt. £ apon any HUle ofreyfid'Ertbe St. Apon Hi/if orr. 
E.G. 4 So in the Original, Read an Hill*. 

The 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ar 

The Houfe or Manor Place, lately almoft new buildid of 
Scone and Timbre by the Lorde Hufey, ftandith foutheward 
withoute the Toun. 

The Chief Spring of Sltford Water rifith a litle from 
Rojiby Village about a Mile by Weft from Sleforde. 

From Sleforde to AncaJIcr a 4. Miles by Chaumpaine. 

Aboute a Mile from AncaJIcr I paffid over /PilesfordbTok. 

But In tymcs paft it hath bene ace- Jj*"* 1 , m j n0 ***£* T*£ 
lebrate Tome, but not waullid as for Js&JTw 1 1 ¥H? / 
a, I could perceive. The building of * 0r V»^ ** «««*» B « 
it lay in lenghth by South and North. In South ende of it 
be often tymes founde in ploughing great fquare Stones of 
old Buildinges and Romaine Coynes of Brafleand Sylver. 

In the Weft ende of it, were now Medowes be, ar founde 
yn diching great Vaultes. 

The Area wher the Caftelle ftoode is large, and the Dikes 
of it appere, and in fum places the Foundation of the/8 Waulle. 

In the highcft Ground of the Area is now an old Chapel 
dedicate to 5. Marie, and there is an heremite. 

[This] area is right again the [eaft] [en]de of the Parochc 
Church. 

Hie Tounelet of Ancafler is devidid into a. Lordefhipes. . Fol. 31. 

The Eft fide of it, at the Southe ende whereof the Cartel 
is fette, is of the Lordfhip of Wtlesforde, fumtime longging 
y to the Lord Crumwelle, and after, as I hard, folde with other 
thinees to the performaunce of one of the Lord Cromwellet 
WilTes. and after. Burnt Priory yn I Keftene had it by the 
meane • as I hard" of Margarete y Mother to Henry tne 7. 
The Duke of Southfolk hath it now. 

( He that tolde me this faide that Foderingey was ons the 
Lord « Cromwelle : but I dowte of that". 

The Weft fide of the Towne, where the Paroch * Chirch' 
ftondtth, was the Vejcys^ and the Patronage of the Chirch, 
with Impropriation, was gyven by one of the Vefcys to the 
Priory of Mahon in Ride/dale. 

m Saving Burt, fi V suits for While in G. y to the Lordjbipp 
of the herd Crumwclle G. mali. I Kefteven Burt. • TXefunt Burt. 
i DejMMt Burt. « CrowwelP* St. * Thir word U of Mr. Bur- 
»*'f Hud writing. 

The 



» LEI AND* ITINERARY./ 

Ttotyft* wesaUwbaof a CrttUft ceidlid 06** ?« 
Jfyfoe a 3, MUct toward Narth fa* jfaafav fynak on * 
to the Lord BtUmmU : and now the Dak* of *itivlMtt 
bath it. 

The Duke of V[*ftilt\ hathby gtfo a 600. MaikLamfe* 
[of Billamonu in} Uncolnjkir. 

The Hethe of Jhuqfler conteyokh in Lenghth shout a 

14^ MUej, and * ip breckh f a. and cugwnithiajifchyii 

a 2. Mfles of die Fenna*. 

The Toune fAAntafitr hath o* ecfce fide of it a Springs 
and they cumnyng to one Botom a none after rea ymao 
WiHtsftrd ftreanie, and ft, as I remember, the Broke gokh 
{hens to Vrety. 

An old Man of Ancafler told me that by l/rsjy, or RMy* 
a Plough Man t»k© up. a Stone, and found another Mono 
under tf, wherein was a fauare Hole having Remain* Quoin 
in it. He tgJd me alfo t»at a Plough Man toke up in the 
Feldes * [of] Hftrtykn a 2. Miles fan * [G]rcnt*bam a 
ftone, under the wich was a potte of Brafle, and an Helmet 
of Gold, fette [with St]ones in it, the which was [prc]fentid 
to Catarin* Princes [Dowager* The*e were Bedes <5f [Sil- 
ver in] the Potte ; and Writings qorraptid. 
Fol. 32. From 4 nca Ji" r to Tmplf Bruirn a) by y Champaiate I s of 
Ancqflar Heth a 4. Mil?s. There be «eat a*4 vefte Build - 
inges but rude at this Place, and the Efte ende of the Tcm-_ 
pie is made optre circulari da nw* • 

The Hethe about it is very good foe Shepe, as al Anwfter 
\ Hethe ih 

From Ttmplt Brucm to Lincoln 10. Mil** by Champajne. 

The Poffi Diche hegypnith a quarter of a Mile above 
Lincoln, and fo goith to Torhfo fide a 7. Miles ftrait in 
lenght. 

Bifshop Atwater began to clenfe Fofp Dik, and brought 
to the midle the Clenung of it from Torhfey fide, in hope to 
bring veffelles to Lincoln : Sedjlatim mrienfi ilk opus omnin* 
negkQum •. 

Grantham ap 18. Miles from Lincoln. 

{ Lindis from then* as from Weft fwth Weft t*n<titb» 

a In brtdtbakut . . . . and cmmlb G. /S Sic Aotogr. y Cham- 
pajn Ground on Apcafter St. I On/or of in Bart. & Gaje tUabe 
4<eeft G. { eg S| . « L^/i /r^ G. 

1 Northfbk* a dele the Crotchets about of and dele the Cp>tchet*. round Q. 

laving 



lELANiySITINERARV. &~ 

ftviig that k wtadith into crake* tftward omil it cum to 
tbeSc. 

The Ciufc of Lhutis Ryvtr from £«*rt£f to £g/?** a 50. 
Miles be water as the Cre&es go, and 24. Miles frpm IiVimAi 
to •%?** to take way by fery. 

Ther be no Bridges on Links Ryvcr from £««c«fr to Bsften* 
but Tfom Brid a Utlc benetb High Bridge* 

High Bridge hath but one great Arch, apd over 9 pece of' 
it is a Chapeue of S. George. 

There be 4. commune Places namid as ferys apon the 
Water of Lindis betwbrt Lincek and Bofiou ; The which fcria 
leade to divers Places. 

To Short fery 5, Miles, 

To m Faterjbaul fery viij. Miles. 

To ' Dogdick Fery [1. Mile.] 

To Langrsib Fery fi[ve Miles.] 

To ££*>?*» 5. Miles.] 

The Circuite of Lined* Cite is with yn the Waulles by 

Efti motion a ••••«• 

Gates in the Waulles of the Citie of Lincoln. 

Barregate at the South ende of the Toune. 

fi Bmk gate by South a litle a this fide the Minftre. 

Newport Gait flat North. Eft gate and W$ gate toward 

It is very likdy that in old Tyme the Toppe of the Hilk 
only was waullid and inhabitid. 

The Ryver of Lincoln breking into %. Armes a very title 
above the Toun paffitb thoroug the lower Part of Linceifl 
* Toun yn %. feveralle Partes of the South ende of the Toune 
verv conamodiufly, and over eche of them is an archid Bridge 
of Stone to pafle thoroug the principal Streate. 

The lefler Annelyith moreSouthly, 
and the Bridg over it is of one Arche. A very goodly Houfe long- 
The bigger y Atmtsfert cymbaspifca- ring to Sutton is hard on the 
Unas. North fyde; of S. Anne* Chirch 

Gete J Bridge to pafle over the lefler Yarde. 
Anne. 

Highe bridge to pafle over the great arme. 

A litle above Gete Bridge, on the Efte fide of the High 

* Faterjbaul] So in the Original, Taterjbal in Burton. Tater- 
Jb*uI$t.kG. fi a litle parte gate a this St. Baric flat* Burt. 
y Anne Burt. 

1 Ibftik. *T«uae. 3 Bride. 

Streate, 



51 LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 

Streat, is a fair « Guild Haul, longging to S. Anna * Chirchs 
of the Fundation of * B{ur]ton *nd Sutton, Marchants. 

I hard fay That the lower Parte of Lincoln Town was at 
foarifch, and won be policy, and inhabitid for the Commo- 
dite of die Water. J 

This Part of the Tounc is caullid Wikerford: and yn it be 
a n. Paroche Chirches. one there I faw in dene Ruine, 
be[fide the otlher xi. 

The White Freres were on the Weft fide of the High Streate 
[in] JPSifl/[«4] 
W6U 3j. % There be in the Refidew of the Toun, as in the North 
Parte apon the Hille, xiij. Paroche Chirchis yet ufid. I few a 
Rolle wherin I countid that ther were xxxviij. Paroche 
Chirchis yn Lincoln. 

There goith a commune Fame that there were ons 5a* 
Paroche Chirches yn Lincoln Cite, and the Suburbes of it. 

Sum hold opinion That Eft of Lincoln wefe 2 Suburbes, 
one toward S. Beges, a late a Celle to S. Atari Abbay at York : 
The which Place fi I take y\>elcamu>> wherwas an Hotrfe of 
Monkes yn S. Botolpbes Tyme, and of this fpekith Bide, it is 
fcant halt a Mile from the Minfter. 

The other by Eft ftreachid up toward Canwike Villag half 
a Mile of from Lincolne. 

Ther was alfo a Suburbe beyonde the North gate, and 
ftreachid toward Burton Village, or more Weftwarde. King 
Stephane, as it is faide, deftroied much of this Suburbe. 

There lay a Suburbe alfo without the Barre gate, by Southe 
of the Toune, and ftreachid toward a Village caullid Brafe- 
bridg. [alitle] without I Barre is a very fair [Croffejand large, 
and S. Catarines ft[andeth in] this Suburbe on the Sou[th 
Weft 3 fyde of Barre g]ate. 

It is eafy to be perceivid That the Toune of Lincoln hath 
be notably buildid at 3. Tymes. The firft Building was yn 
the very Toppe of the 4 Hylle, the oldeftPart wherof inhabited 
in the Britans Tyme, was the • Northetheft Part of the Hille, 
dire£tely withoute Netvporte Gate, the Diches wherof yet re- 
mayne and great Tokens of the old Towne Waulles buildid 

* Guildi Haull longing to Stint Anns Churche c regione of the 
Foundation of Bittlyngdon and Sutton March aunt i St. £ I take to 
be hauno St. y To be Burt. I There is a fmall fpace in G. after 
Barre. 1 Vortbefte St. Nortbtvejl G. 

iChirchexcgfenCj of. a Bitlyndpa. 3 Side, 4 hille. 

with 



LELAND'SITINERARY. 33 

with Stone taken outeof « Diche by it : for al the Top of 
Lincoln Hille is Quarre Ground. This is now a Suburbe to 
Newports Gate : in the which now is no notable thing but the 
Ruines of the Houfe of the Augufline Freres on the South 
fide, and a Paroch Chirch of the Eft fide : and not far from 
the Chirch garth apperith a great Ruine of a Toure in the 
old Towne & Waulle. Sum (ay that this old Lincoln was de- 
ftroied by Kins Stephan, but I thinke rather by the Danes. 
Much RomaineMony is found yn the North y [feildes] beyond 
this old Lincoln. After the Deftruftion of this old Lincoln Fwl « 34* 
Men began to fortifie the Souther Parte of the Hille, new 
diching, waulling and gating it, and fo was new Lincoln made 
out of a Pece of old Lincoln by the Saxons. 

The third Building of later Tymes was in Wikerford, for 
commodite of Water : and this Parte is enwallid wher it is 
not defendid with the Ryver and Marifch Ground. The 
Ryver of Lindis fleatith a litle above Lincoln Towne, and 
makith ccrten pooles wherof one is caullid Swanne Poole. 

>The fpringith a Water above Cborleton Village a 2. Miles 
or more by North from Lincoln, and this cummith in by the 
higher Ripe of Lincoln Ryver a litle above the Toune. So 
that by this Bvok^FoJ/i Dike Water, and the Ryver of Lincoln 
it is no marvaile though the Water be fumtyme broode there, 
and over flow the Medois al about. 

Gualterus, t as I hard, caullid" Dorotheus, Dene of Lincoln, 
z Scott ifcb Man, firft Founder of the White Freres in Lincoln. 

There lay in a Chapelle at the White Freres a Rich * Mar- 
chaunt caullid Ranulphus de Kyme, whos Image was thens 
taken and fet at the South Ende of the new Caftelle of the 
Conduce of Water in Wikerford. 

There is a nother new Caftelle of £ Conduct Hedde trans 
Lindihtflu : and booth thefe be fervid by Pipes derivid from 
one of the Houfes of Freres, that were in the upper Part of 
Lincoln. 

Reginaldus Molendinarius, Marchaunt of Lincoln, founder 
of the Gray Freres. Henry Lacy, Erie of Lincoln, and one 
Numiy, his Almoner, were great Benefactors to it. 

« A Ditch Burt, fi Watts G. y Side for Feildes in G. * Tber 
fpringith St. & G. Leland himfelf in fome other places ufeth the for 
there, as he doth in others there for the. There Burt. 1 De/unt 
Burt, g Conduit Heads G. 

I Mirchant. 

V01. 1. C Htnry 



34 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Henry Lacy and Nunny were great Benefactors to the Graf 
freres at Tort. 

m Nunny was buried at the Gray Freres in York." 
FoL 35. From Lincoln to Torkefey parte by march Ground, and 
part by other, but very litle Wood, a 7. Miles. The olde 
Buildinges of Torkefey wer on the South of the new Toune, 
but there now is litle feene of olde Buildinges, more then 
a Chapellc, wher Men fay was the Paroch Chirch of ' old* 
Torkefey^ and on Trent fide the Yerth fo balkith up that it 
fliewith that there be likelihod hath beene £ fum Waulle, and 
by it is a Hille of Yerth caft up : they caulle it the Wynde Mi lie 
Miile^ but I thinkc the Dungeon of fum olde Caftelle was there. 

By olde Torkefey ftandith Southcly the Ruines of Fojfe Nun- 
nery y hard by the Stone Bridge over Fojfe Dik> and theie 
Fojfe Dike hath his Entering ynto Trente. 

There be 2. fmaul Parocne Chirches in new Torkefey^ and 
the Priory of S. Leonard ftanditf on thefte fide of it. 

The Ripe [that * Torkefey 1 ftandith on is fumtthat [higher 
ground] than is by the w[eft ripe of Trent.] 

Trent there devidith and a good deale upward Lincoln/hire 
from Notinghamjbire. 

John Babington dwellith at y Raunton Village over Trent a 
good Mile from Torkefey* 

From Torkefey to Morton Village about a Mile by plain 
fendy Ground. At the North Ende 6f this Village lvithe the 
commune way of WatbeRng S treat to Dancajfer y t ana thereby 
onto the other fide of Trent is trajetfus to Litleborough Vil- 
lage, wherby it is communely caullid Litleborough Jery. a 
Mile above that Northward is Stratton on the Streate, a good 
through fare toward Dancajler that is a 14. or 15. Miles 
of it. 

From Morton to 1 Snafe on Trent, wher the late Lorde 
Darcy had a mene Manor Place [a] 1. [Miles.] 

[Thence to] £ Gainesford on Trent [a 2. Miles.] 
, Fol. 36. u The Shore and upground from Trent Ripe on Lincoln/hire 
fide to Gainesborough is al fandy : the Ripe of Trent againe 
it is low and medow Ground. 

1 I T. II - '' I 

« defeat itt G. jB fum Walls G. y Raunton Vilhge [about a 
mile by plaint Sandy Ground] over Trent tsV. G. without any 
Authority from the Orjg. for which reafon the Tranfcriber hat 
hooked in the additional words. I and tber on the other fide St. 
On fox onto is alfo in G. 1 Snape Burt. £ Gainsburrowe Burton. 
& G. n The Shore and upward from Trent St. 

x old. a TorkewithotttthcGrotchctB, 

Goineshorow 



LEL AND* ITINERARY. 35 

Gainesborow is a good Market Toune, and is a xij. Miles 
from Lmtobt. 

I law no things much to be markidyn it, but the Paroche 
Chirch, wher lyhh richely burycd Sir Thomas Borow y Knight 
oftbcGarthef, and Dna de Botreaux, his Wife: ebiit Thomas 
an. D> 1408. 

This Thomas was * Grandfather to the 

This Lord Borow's Father Lord Borow, that now is. He made 
lyith yn the Quiar. moft of the motid Manor Place by the 

Weft Ende of the Chirch Yarde. 

There lyith yn the fame Chirch Ds. Edmundus Cernewaile> ob\ti arm, 
that had a great motid Manor Place, caullid Thonak, in a ?* x 3 12 * 
Wood, a Mile by Eft from Gaynesborow. it longith it to the 
Ctrnewailes. 

Edmund foundid 3. Cantuaries yn Gainesborow Chirch. 

There is an old Chapelle of Stone yn the South Part of 
Gainesborow Toun, wher they of the Toune fay that many 
Danes be buried. 

There is alfo a Chapelle of Wood on Trent fide by Southe 
in Gainesborow : it is now defolatid. 

There is a Parke by Gainesborow longging to the Lord 
Bornv. 

There is another a. . . . . Miles of that Mr. Htnege hath 
in keping. 

From Gainesborow oyer Trent ynto Notinghamjhire^ and lb 
to Maderfey Village a v. Miles, 2. Miles « below Medowes 
and 3. be corn and pafture Ground. 

Or I cam to Maderfey bv a 2. Miles I left 

Puke on die rigjht bona, and a Mile farther I faw the 

Courfe on the Vtfte bond of Ryver, over the which 

I pafid by a Bridge fi of hard at the entering into 

Maderfey Village. 

Thens I roode a Myle ynlow y wafch and fum what fenny 
Ground, and a mile farther or more by higher Ground to 
Stroby m Noitinfhamflnr. 

In the mene Tounelet of Scroby I markid 2. thinges, the Fol. 37. 
Paroche Chirch not btgge, bat very welle buildid ex lapide 
foSte quadrate. 

ml,.be lew. fi f tare* Stone att G. with Points under Stone. 

Is I/, are no points after of, hot he htth a fmall fpace after herd. 
y marjb for wafch in O. 

1 Qpw»d&der. 

C 2 The 



36 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The fecond was a great Manor Place (landing withyn a 
Mote, and longging to tharchbifhop of Tori, buildid yn to 
Court es, wherof the firft is very ample, and aJ buildid of 
Tym bre, (aving the Front of the Haule, that is of Brike, to 
the wich afcenditur per gradus lapideos. The ynner Courte 
Building, as far as I markid, was of Tymber Building, and 
was not in cumpace paft the 4. parte of the utter Courte. 

From Scroby to Bawtre a Mile or more. 

Riding a very litle * beyond Scroby. Manor Place, I paffid 

by a Forde over the Ry ver : And fo betwixt the 

Pales of 2. Parkes longging to Scroby I came to B autre. 

Bawtre is very bare « and poore fi and poore" Market Toune 
(landing yn York/hire^ as the Inhabitantes of it told me: fo 
that by this it (hold feme that Scroby Water in fum partes 
devidith the Shires. 

From B autre to Dancq/fery an lv\y Miles by a great Plaine 
and Sandy Ground caullid BiitbeUj by the name of Blttb 
Rvver. But or I cam to Dancajler 1 paflid over the Ford 
of a Brooke a 3. Miles of, wher, 1 as I remembrc", is Ro- 
Jington Bridge. 
Fol. 58. I notid thefe thinges efpeciaHy yn the Towne of Dan- 
cajler. The faire and large Paroch Chirche of S. George, 
(binding in the very Area, where ons the CafteUe of the 
• Toune ftoode, long fins dene decay id. The Dikes partely 
yet be feene and foundation of Parte of the Waulles. There 
is a likelihod that when this Chirch was ere&id much of 
the Ruines of the CafteUe was taken for the Fundation 
and the filling of the Waullisof it. 

There ftandith an olde Stone Houfe at the Eft Ende of 
the Chirch of S. George now ufid for the Town Houfe : the 
which, as fum fuppofe, was a.pece of the Building of the old 
CafteUe or made of the Ruines of it. 

There is in the Declining in area Cqftelli a prati litle Houfe 
buildid of Tymbre as a College for the Preftes of the Toun. 

There was a nother Paroche Chirch yn the Towne yet 
(landing, but now it fervith but for a Chapelle of Eafe. 

Ther was a right goodly Houfe of White Freres in the 
mydle of the Towne now defacid : wher lay buried in a 
goodly Tumbe of White Marble a Countes of Wejlnurland* 

* and a poore Market Toune G. /S Redundant, y about vij. 
Milts G. f 'Twas firft written viaj. but the firft / is blotted out 
by Mr. Leland's own Hand. 1 Defunt Burt. 

t ByyoocU 

whos 



L E L A N D'S I T I N E R A R Y. 37 

whos name, as one told me, was Margarete Cobham. The 
Image of the Tumbe is tranflatid ynto S. * George Chirch, 
and by it as the Crounet is made (he (hold be a Duches. 

There was a Houfe of Gray Freres at the North Ende of 
the ' Bridge, communely caullid the Freres Bridge, conteyn- 
ing a 3. Arches of Stone. Here I markid that the North 
Parte of Dancqfter Toune, yn the which is but litle and 
that mene Building, ftandith as an Ifle : for Dun Ryver at 
the Weft fide of the Towne caftith oute an Arme, and fone 
after at the Efte fide of the Town cummith into the princi- 
pal Streame of Dun again; There is alfo a g* eat Bridge of 
5. Arches of Stone at the North Ende of this lfle : at the 
South Ende of the which Bridg fi is a great tournid Gate of 
Stone, at the y Weft fide whereof is a fair Chapelle of our 
Lady, and therof it is caullid S. Mary Gate. At the Eft Ende 
of this Bridge be 2. or 3. great Milles as at the Water. 

There appere no tokens, as far as I could lerne or fe, 
that ever Dancqfter was a waullid Toun ; yet there be 3- or 
4. gates in it : whereof that in the Weft fide is a praty Tower 
of Stone, but S. Marie Gate is the faireft. 

The hole Toune of Dancqfter is buildid of Wodde, and Fol. 39. 
the Houies be flatid : yet is there great Plenty of Stone 
there about. 

The Soile about Dancqfter hath very good Medow, Corne, 
and fum Wood. 

From Dancqfter by South Weft to Tikhille a 5. Miles, 
partely by low pafture ground, partly by ftony Grounde 
but fruteful of Corne. 

The Market Town of Tikhil is very bare : but the Chirch 
is lair and large. One EJlfeldi, Stuard fumtyme of 'Tikbil 
and Heatfeldj lyith ther in a Tumbe of Stone. Obijt an. D. 
1386. The Cartel is well dichid and waullid with a very 
hard ffuart Stone hewid. The Dungeon is the faireft part 
of the Caftelle. Al the Buildinges withyn the Area be down, 
faving an old Haulle. There is a rylle that cummith by the 
Towne fetching no far Courfe of and refortith toward Ro- 
fengton Bridge. 

There was a Houfe of Freres a lityl by Weft without 
Tiibifj where lay buried divers of the Friz-Williams^ as the 

« George 7 * St. |3 Leg. is a great tturid Gate, tourid G. towery'd 
St. y Weft End toberee/St. } Smart in Burt. 

- - * - - 

I bridg. 

C 3 Graunt- 



58 ^ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Grauntfather and Father to myLorde Privy Scale : the which 
now be tranflatid to the Paroch Chirch of TitbiL So ys 
Purefey alias « Cletffoy. + 

There were alfo buried dive/ie of Clarellts in TiibiU Priory. 

There ys yet a Place by Tikbil caullid CiarelUs Haulle. 

There is a Wood by South of Tikbil caullid Toornt «W, 
and is a v. Miles in Cumpace. 

The Lordihip of Titbilwts yn tyme paft of fuch Eftima- 
tion, that it was namid the Honer ef Tikbil. 

From Tikil to /s Cuneiform a 4. Miles by ftony way and 
encloftd Ground. 

Wher I faw no notable thing but the Cartel Aonding on a 
Rokket of Stone and dichid. The Waulles of it hath be 
ilrong and full of Toures. Dunusfiu. attuit villam. 

From Cunisborow to Dantajier a 3. Miles by fruteful 

Ground. 

From Ddncafler to Heatbfe/d by champayn fandy Ground 
a 5. Miles. There is a faire Paroch Chirch in the Village ; 
and a Parke therby . The Logge or Manor Place is but meane- 
FoMo* ly buildid of Tymber. 

The Quarters about Heatfeld be foreft Ground, and though 
Wood be fears there yet there is great Plentie of red Deere, 
that haunt the Fennes and the great Mores thereabout, as 
to Axholm warde and Tburnt Village. 

The Lordfhip of Heat/eld fumtyme longgid to the Lofld 
Mowbray. 

From Heatftld to Tburnt Village %. Miles pafling over a* 
Arme of Dune. 

By the Chyrch Garth of Tburne is a praty Pile or Caftelet 
Wei aikid, now ufid for a Prifon for offenders in the Foreftes, 
but fumtyme longging to the Mulbrayizs Tburnt did. 

The Ground af about Tburne is other Playn, More or Fenne. 

From Tburnt by Water to the great lake caullid the Attn* 
almofty a Mile over, I a Mile" or more. This Mere is fulle 
of good Fifch and Foule. 

From the Mere by Water to Wrangten Cote a t. Miles 
in a fmaule Gyt or Lode. Al this Way from the Mere to 

« Clarefby Burt. JB Two Potts of Brafs C«yns lately found 
here. I have had 4r. of them fent me by the Rev. Mr. Marma- 
duke Fothergill of Pom fret, a modeft and learned Gentleman. He 
fent me a Letter or two about them.. Some of theft Coyns my be 
#»grav f d in my Review, y a Mtleevtrtr mere St. I Dtjitut Burt, 
quia & dcjeitf ur in G, 

* rVnmgton 



LELAND'SITJNERARY. 39 

Wratigtm the Water berith the Name of tbe Brier. The 
ground there is very fenni on booth fides. 

From Wrangton to wjier I cam on 

land in the Ifle of Jxb§lm about a Mile: fo that from Wrong- 
ton thither the Water is caullid IdilU 5 yet is it the very fame 
Water that Brytr ys. And of certcntc IdiUe is the * auntient 
Name. 

The Jfle of * Axbolm is a x. Miles in lenght by South and 
North : and in bredth a vj. Miles by Weft and Eft. 

From the Weft Point of Bihtrs Dike up a long to the great 
Mere, the Soyle by the Water is Fenny, and Morifche, and 
ful of Carres. 

The refidew is meatdy high ground) fertile of Pafture and 
Come. 

The Principal Wood of the Ifle is at BeBegreve Park by 
Hfpwortby and at Mehvood Park not far from Hepwortb. 

There is alfo a praty Wood at CrooU> a Lordfhip a late 
longging to SeUeby Monafterie. 

in the Ifle be 7. Paroche Chirches. Fol. 41. 

Hepuwrtb is the beft uplandifch Toun for building in one 
Streate in the Ifle. 

Axej is a bigge Paroche, but the Houfes be more fparkelid 
then at Hepwrtb. 

There was a Caftelle at the South fide of the Chirch 

Garth of Oxtux, wherof no peace now ftandith. The Dike 

and the Hille wher the arx ftoode yet be fcene: it was fum- 

tirae caullid Kinard. The Fery over Trent is a Quarter of a 

m Mile of. 

By Hipworth and joyning to BeUegreve Parke remaynith 
yet a great Parte of the Maner Place of Lord Mulbray of 
Axhplmy chief owner ontyl late dayes of the hole Ifle. 

By Mihvood Park fide ftoode the right fair Monafterie of 
the Cfrtbu/uuus, wher one « of the Mmbrais Dukes of Nertb- 
folk was buried in a tumbe of Alabafter. 

Mr. Candifcb hath now turnid the Monafterie to a goodly 
Manor Place. 

There was ipanv Yeres fins an old Manor Place at Weft- 
hater Wike apon Trent Ripe. 

It longid, as I lernid, to a Gentilman caullid Bettetborp ; 
to whom cam alfo by heire general Burnebam's Landes, a 
Gentilman of the fame Ifle. 

*M HI , ■ ■ ' , ■ ■■ ■ 

* of the M\dbiw, named Rogtr, Dukes &c. St. 

t mpcitat. 2 Axholm in the Margin oppofite to thefirft I*uic 

C 4 BflUthorf* 



+0 LELAND'S ITI NERARY. 

Bellethorfs Landcs after defcendid to Shefefeld: yn the 
which Name it hath continuid a 5. or 6. defcentes. For in 
the Chirch Yard of Oxton> half a Mile from Mdwood Park, 
I faw a 5. Tumbes of the Sheffieldes. Young Shef tides Father 
is buried in the Chirch of Oxtun 

Sheffield that was Recorder of London is buried in the 
Auguftme Freres of London, he fett up highly the Name of 
the Shtffeldes by Manage of the Doughter and fole Heyre 
of oije Delves, to whom befide was defcendid the Landes of 
Gibthorp and Babington. This Sheffield Recorder began to 
build ftately at Butterwtk 9 as it apperith by a greate Tour of 
Brike. 
TA. 42. ' In the Ifle be now thefe 4. Gentilmen of Name, Sheffild, 
Candifchy Evers and Mounfun. The Landes of one Belle- 
wodde be cum by Mariage to this Mounfun, a younger Sun 
to old Mounfun of Lincolnjhire. This old Mounfun is in a 
maner the firft avauncer of his Family. 

The fenny part of Axbolm berith much Galle, a low frutex 
fwete in burning. 

The upper Part of the Ifle hath plentiful Quarres of Ala- 
bafter, communely there caullid Plqfter: but fuch ftones as 
I faw of it were of no great thiknes and fold for a x\)d. the 
lode. They ly yn the ground lyke a fmothe Table : and be 
beddid one flake under another : And at the Bottom of the 
x Bedde of them be roughe Stones to build withal* 

From Dancafter to Caufeby lefys a Mile and more, wher the 
Rebellcs of Yorkjhir a lately affemblid. 

Thens a 2. Miles farther I faw on the lifte hond an old 
Manor Place caullid wher the Kins dynid. 

And fo to Wentbrid a pore thorough fare /& a 5. Miles, wher 
IVente ryver rennith under a praty Bridge of v. Arches of 
St.one. and fo to Pontefraft a 3. Miles. 

The Ground v betwixt Dancafter and PontfraSf in fum 
Places mcately wooddid and enclofid Ground : in al Places 
reafonablv fruteftil of Pafture and Corne. 

Thefe he thinges that I moji nottd in Pontefraft. 

Sum old People conftantely adfirme that the Rigge of 
Watelyng Streate went thorough the Park of Pontfraft. As 
far as I can gether this is the Toune caullid Legioiium, After 
it was caullid Brokenbridg. Ruines of fuch a Bridg yet ys 
rr — . . . 

« L. Bedds. ita in St. & G. I think it (hould be Beddes, the / 
hcing uPd oftcii by Leland, as noted before, for es. fi about 4. 
{VlilcsG. 

feene 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 41 

fcene fcant half a Mile Eft owt of old PontfratJ; but I can- 
not juftcly fay that this Bridge ftoode ful on WatheUng Streate. 

PontefraGe is. a French Name brought yn by the Laceys Fol. 43, 
Normans for the EngUJb Word of Brokenbridge. Wher as 
now the faireft Parte of Pontefrad ftondith on the Toppe 
of the Hille was after the Conqueft a Chapel with a few 
fparkelid Houfes. the Chapel was caullid S. Leonardos in the 
Pritbe ; and as I can lerne this Part* of 1 the Town was caullid 
Kirkeby. 

Edmunde Lacy buildid the College of White freres in this 
Part of Pontefraft. 

Syr Robert KnolleSj that was the notable Warrior ynPraunce, 
buildid in this Part of Pontefrael Trinite College^ having an 
Hofpital £ yoinid to. In the College is a Mailer and 6. or 7. 
Preftes: and yn theHofpital be 13. Poore Men and Wimen. 
Syr Robert Knolles was ons myndid to have made this College 
at his Manor of Skoutborp 3. Miles from Walftngham: but at 
the Defier of y Conftanee his Wife, a Woman of mene birth 
and fumtyme of a diflblute lyving afore Manage, he turnid 
his Purpofe, and made it yn the very place of PontfracJ, wher 
his Wife was borne, endowing the College with a 180/r. land 
by the Yere. 

The Caftelle of Pontfrafi, of* fum caullid t Snorre Caftelle, 
conteinith 8. Tourres, of the which the Dungeon caft ynto 
6. Roundelles,?. bigge and 3. finau), is very fair, and hath a 
fair Spring. Ther is in the Dikei>y North the Coneftables 
Tourre. 

King WiUiam Conquerour gave the CaftelJe with the 
Towne of Brokenbridg^ and very much Land lying thereabout, 
to Hiibert de Laceio, a Noble Norman, this Hilbert foundid 
the College of 5. Clemente in the Caftelle. 

Ther was a College and £ Hofpital in Brokenbridg ' afore the 
Conqueft, wher the Monkes lay ontil the Priorie was ere&id. 
it is yet an Hofpitale. 

Robert Sun to Hilbert Lacy impropriate booth this Hofpi- 
tal and S. C/ementes yn the Caftelle, apon Conditions, to the 
new Priorie. 

* L. off be new Town, ficut in G. & St. fijoynid to it St. Joyn- 
ing 10 it Bart, y Walfingbam for Conftanee in G. \ fmetyme for 
•fjum in G. 1 Norre for Snorre in St. K.fupra n. in Autogr. 
I Hofpital of S. Nicolas in Brokenbridg St. 

1 the pew Town. 

Ther* 



42 ^ELAND'S ITINERA* Y. 

Tharo is a Pane and 4 3« Frobendes yet in & ClemenHs (n 

the Caftclle. 

The Hofpttal of S. Nicholas of late daye* cam to the Order 
of the Priory of S, Q/W/^l 

The Cartel, Town, andLandes about Brokenkridg longgid 
afore the Conqueft to ope Richard Jfcbenald. Richard had 
J:lrit 9 and he had Swane* of whom cam Adam y of Adam 
cam 3. Daughters, wherof one of them was maried to Gal- 
/ride Neville, the other to Thomas Surge. But nother of the* 
2. had any nart of the Quarters of Brtkenhndg- 

Robert Sun to Hilbert Lacie foundid a infligautt Tburftino 
the Priori of Pontfrafi % fending fi from Monkes ad Fanum 
y Charttatj8j$#* f Cluni, 
rtL ^ From Pontjrafi to 5 OJwaldes by much enclofid ad meately 
Woddy ground a 3. Miles or more, 

1 Where the Paroche Chirch of S. OJwaldes is now newly 
buildid, was' in Henry the firft tyme a Houfe and Chirch of 
Poore heremites, as in a woddy Cuntery, on tille one Ra- 
dulpbus Aldlavcr> Confeflbr to Henry the firft, began the 
new Monafterie of Chanons, and was firft Prior of it hym- 
fclf. 

The Building of this Houfe is exceding great and fair 
and hath the gpodlyeft Fontein of Con<iu& Water that is yn 
that Quarter of England. * 

There lyith a praty Pole at the Weft Endc of the Houfe. 

Secundum Prior a poflrcmo fetchid this Condu& £ a Mile and 
above of: and buildid an exceding faire Keching alfo in the 
Monafterie. 

From St OfwaUes to * Sandm Village about a 3. Miles by 
enclofid Ground, fruteful of Wood, Failure and Corne, as 
a very pleafaunt Countrey to ft to. 

Mafter Waterten y a Man of fair Jlondes, hath a praty Ma- 
nor Houfe in ' Sandong Pvoch. The Chirch of Sandon is 
appropriate to S. Stephanes College at Weflmnfter. 

At the Eft ende of this Village is a praty Caftelet on an 



*«ip>*"wr^v* 



* inftig«nte is wanting in Gale, and a fpace is left for it. fi Leg* 
for. In Hurt, firft. & ira in G. y CbariUtis Clari, omMKofili** 
m G. ie Cluni St. fClari Burt. % Where the new Paroche Chirch 
G. and ib alio firft of all in the Orig, but afterwards Mr. Lelaud 
ftruck out new. £L.a Mile and a dim. of. n Mandate St* Snndon G. 
fed infra Sandou. 



Hilling 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 43 

Hilling Ground with a Dicbe aboute it. it longid to Jfarm 
Eric of Surrey : now to the King. 

From Sandam to IVaktftld about a Mile. 

Thefe thinges I efpecially notid in ffaiefeld. 

The fiurc Bridge of Stone of 9. Arches, under the which 
lennith the Ryvtr of Caldtr. And on the Eft fide of this 
Bridge is a right goodly Chapel of our Lady and 2. Cantuarie 
Preftes foundid in it, of the fundation of the Townes Men 
as Ann lay: but the Dukes of Tori were taken as founders 
for obteyning the Mwrtemayn. 

. I hard one fay that a fervant of King Edwardes (the 4.) fa- 
ther, or els of the Erie of Rutheland* brother to King Ed- . 
ward* the 4. was a great doer of it. 

There was a fore Batell faugbt in the fouth Feeldes by Fol.45. 
this Bridge. And yn the ike of the Duke of Torhs Parte, 
other the Duke hymfelf^ or his Sun therle of Rutbeland, 
was flayne a litle wove the Barres beyond the Bridge going 
up into the Tonne of Walefeli that ftandith ful fairely apon 
a « dyving Ground. At this Place is fet up a Croffe in ret 
mmmam. The commune faying is there, that the Erie wold 
have taken ther a poore Woman's Houfe for focour, and 
<he for fore fliet the Dore and ftrait the Erie was killid. 
The Lord Clifford for killing of Men at this Batail was caullid 
tbt Boucher. 

The Principale Chirch that now is vn JVaktftld is but of a 
new Work, but it is exceding fair and large. Sum think that 
wereas now is a Chapelle of cafe, at the other ende of the ' 
Toune was ons the old Paroch Chirch. 

The Vicarage at the Efte ende of the Chirch Garth is larg 
and fair. It was the Perfonage Houfe not very many Yeres 
fyns : for he that now lyvith is the 4. or 5. Vicare that hath 
been there* 

Afore the Impropriation of this Benefice to S. Siepbam 
College at f^Jhmnfler^ the Perfonage was a great Lyving ; 
yn fo much that one of the Erles WartmSy Lordes of WakiftuL> 
and much of die Cuntery thereabout did give the Perfonage 
to a Sunne or nere Kinfman of his : and he made the moft 
Parte of the Houfe wher the Vicarage now is. 

A Quarter of a Mile wkhowte Jrakefild apperith an Hille 
of Erth cafte up, wher fum fay that one of Erles Warims be* 
gan to build, and as ftft as he buildid violence of Winde de- 
void the Work. This is like a Fable. Sum fay That it was 

m Clyming Burt, 

nothing 



44 ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

nothing but a Wind Millc Hille. The Place is now caullid 
Untie. 

The Toune of Wakeftld ftreachith out al in lenght by Eft 

and Weft, and hath a faire Area for a Market Place. The 

Fo). 46. Building of the Toune is meatelv faire, moft of Tvmbre but 

' fum of Stone. Al the hole pronte of the Toun ftondith by 

m Courfe Drapery. 

There be few Tounes yn the inwarde Partes of Yerkjhire 
that hath a fairer fite or foite about it. 

There be plenty of Veines of Se Cole in the Quarters 
about Wakefeld. 

From Jrakefeld to PontefraH a vj. Miles, parte by Enclo- 
fure, pact by Champaine, efpecially in the Midle way caullid 
as I remembre Wakeftld Moore. 

Almoft in the Midle way I lefte Cole Pittes a lirle of on 
the right Hande. And not far from this Pittes is thePrincipalc 
Hedde of Wente Ryver. There is a Hedde or 2. befides. 

From Pontefrad to Caftelleford Village 2. Miles, moft by 
cnclofid Ground. 

One £hoid me there a Garth by the Chirch Yard, where 
many ftraung thingges of Fundations hath be found : and he 
fayia that ther had beene a Caftelle, but it was rather Aim 
Manor Place. 

Under Cajlellcford Bridge of vij. Arches rennith Aire Ry- 
ver, /Sand a [3.] Miles above this Weft up into the Land is 
Swillington Bridg on the fame Ryver, and 2. Miles beneth 
Caftel/orde is Fery Bridge. 

From Caftelleford to IfTtitewood Village a Mile. There I 
fawe in an enclofid Pafture Ground the Diches and Hilles of 
an old Caftelle hard apon the Ripe of Colder Ryver. It is 
now caullid the Caflel Hille, and belongith to one Archibald 
Gifeland of Lincoln/hire. 

Wateling Streate lyith ftraite over Cqftelferd Bridge. 

Thens to Aberfordey. Miles, jpartcly by low Medow, but 
moft after by good high plaine Corne Ground. 

Ther ly by Eft oiAberford 2. or 3. long Diches as Campes 
of Men of Warre. 

I never faw yn any Parte of England fo manifeft Tokens as 
hcere of the large high Creft of the Way of Wateling Streate 
made by hand. 

Aberfordxs a poore thorough fare on Wateling Sir eat. 

* So in the Orig. Malim coar/e. fi and a Mile above this Weft 
up G. There is a Space, in St. after and a. 

Coh 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 45 

Cok bek fpringith about a Mile by Weft of it and fo ren- 
nitb thorough it, and thens by much Turning to Liade> an 
Hamelet, wher Skargil\izA a fair Manor Place of Tymber. 

Skargxl sl Iztc Knight left 2. Doughtters to his Heires, Fol. 47. 
wherof Tunfialk weddid one, and Gafcoyne of Bedefordeftnre 
the other. 

Cok bek after crokith by Saxtomznd * Teuton Villages feldes, 
and goith in to JVarfi Ryver a- beneth Tadcafier. 

From Lead* to Saxton Village a Mile, Wher Mr. Hun- 
defgate dwellith. In the Chyrch Yard were many of the 
Bones of Men that were killid at Palme funday field buried. 

They lay afore in 5. Pittes, yet appering half a Mile of by 
North in fi Saxton Feldes. 

Towton Village is a Mile from Saxton, wher is a great 
Chapell begon * by Richard 3. but not finifhid. Syr John 
Mubon's Father layid the firft Stone of it. 

In this Chapelle were buried alfo many of the Men flayn 
at Palmefunday Fetid. 

This feeld was as much fought in &**/*» Paroch as in Tow* 
ton, yet it berith the Name of Towton. 

From Towton to Uskelk Village aboute a Mile ; wher is a 
goodly Honfe longging to a Prebend yn York, and a goodly 
Orchard with Walkes opere topiario. 

y Hsgdenhte Deane of Tori buildid much of this Houfe." 

The Ground about Uskcl felf is fumwhat low and me- 
dowifch, as toward the faulle of Waters about Nunappleton. 
The Paroch of Ryder lis but a Mile from Uskelk. 

From Uskelk to Tadcafier a 3. Miles by good Come and 
Pafture Ground and fum Woodde. 

Tadcafier ftandith on the hither Ripe of Warfe Ryver. and 
« *good thorough fare. 

The Bridge at Tadcafier over Warfe hath 8. faire Ardies 
of Stone. 

Sum fay there that it was lafte made of Parte of the Ruines 
of the old Caftelle of Tadcafier. 

A mighty great Hille, Dikes, and Garth of this Caftelle 
onlParfei be yet feene a litle above the Bridge, it femith by 

the Plot that it was a right ftately thing £ and 

more. 

c Teuton Village feldes St. ScG.fi Saxton field. G. y De- 
font in G. i is cut about a Mile G. t be yet to bee feene G. £ and 
tore dclentur in St. 

1 by twice. 

Tadcafier 



46 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Tadeafter&uidith * a Mile from WateSngStreate that tendith 
more toward Cairhel, and croffith over Warfe at a place 
caullid S. Hthnesfordy a Mile and a half above Tadcajier: and 
M. 48. on the other Ripe is 5. Helenes Chapelle. 

iij. Miles and a half above S. Helenesfori is Wcthtrhj Vil- 
lage, and there is a Bridge of Stone over Warfe. 

2. Miles above Wetherby ys Harwaod Village, and there 
is a Ston Bridg over Warf 

\\y Miles above Harw$d is Ottfy, and there is a bridg of 
Stone over Warfe. 

From Tadcajier to Helegb Priory about a 2. Miles by eh- 
clofid Ground* one Geffray Haget a Noble Man was firit 
Founder of it. 

In this Priory were buried fum of the Depedales and Sta- 
pletons Gentilmen : of whom one Sir Brian Stepleton a valiant 
Knight is much fpoken of. 

Geffray Haget was owner of Helegh Lordfliip, and befide 
a great owner yn Ainfte* 

Jht/le ys caullid of the Torkflnr Men fuch Partes as ]y be- 
twixt the Ryvers of Owfe 9 Nidde, Warfe and Aire* 

From HeUgb Priory /cant a Mile to Helege Village, there 
I faw great Kuines of an auncient Manor Place of Stone 
that longgid with the fair Woddid Park therby to the Erie of 
Nortbumbrehnd. It was, as far as I can perceyve", fum* 
tyme the Hagetes Lande. 

From Halegb y Village to Tori a *vH. i>. by meatly woddj 
' and endofid Ground, and 4. by playn Champaine, frutefulof 
Com and GraiTe. 

[Here are three leaves left blantJ] 
FoL 49. From Ywrk to Kexby Bridge by Ctiampaine meately fertile 
a v. Miles. 

This Bridge of 3. fair Arches of Stone ftandith on the 
praty Ryver of Darwent 9 that cummith by Mahon. and as I 
asBk this Bridge is toward theMtdlewaybvtwixt MaltinxcA 
Wrejhil^ wher about Darwent gokhynto Oufe. 

Bridges apon Dartumt above Kexby. Staneford Bridg* a 
2. Miles ©£. 1 ButtiriWambridgi a Mile* Ovfeiambridge a 2. 
Miles of. Kirfbam a 2* Miles or more {. Aiion brid 2. Miles. 

* a Myie and mere from St. /S Defunt Burt, y Village about 7. 
Miles. Two* by&o. G. 3" Aide miles, ut in Burt. & ita in Autog. 
at BsUerbam bridge S. £ in the Orig. this MarM is made after 
more 9 as if fomething ftiould come in there ; and I thought heie 
had been a uanfpoiition. But I now perceive that the words are 
not tnuupos'd, but that a wosd -W mare is wanting, and that it 

fhould 



L£LANt>'$ ITINERARY. 47 

and a at. titles to the lied. Matton mTealdingha 

7. Miles. Aybridge 3. Miles. 

The commune Opinion ys yet that Part ofDartvent Water 
ran to Scarburge, but by fi excaving of 2. fides of HUIes, Stone* 
and Yerth feiie in great Quantite doun and ftoppid that 
Courfe. 

Bridges on Darwenty byneth Kexby be none, but Men ufe 
to paffe over by ferics. faving only Sutton bridg of Stone 2. 
Miles lower then Kexby. 

From Kexby to WiWerford Village a Mile and a dim. Wher 
was a Priory of Nunnes : and on the left hond not far of was 
Cotton Park, fumtyme the Percys, now the Kinges. 

Thens to Barneby Village a 3. Miles. 

Andrthens to Hayton Village a 3. Miles, wher is a praty 
Broke rifing a Mile of yn the Hilles, and paffith to Darwent % 
1 as I hard*. 

But or I cam to Hayton I pallid over Poketington bek, 
lyving t Poketington about a Mile of on the lift hond. 

Thens to Thorp Village a Mile. 

I Thens to Sbepton Village a Mile.". 

Thens to Wigitm a gret uplandrfch Village a Mile. 

Thens to 9 Santon village, wher Mr. Langdalt dwellith, 
a Mile. 

Thens to Lekenfeld avj. Miles. 

And al this way bytwixt York and the Parke of Lekenfeld y* 
meately frnteful of Corn and Grafle* but it hath title Wood. 
I lernid that al this Part of the Eft Ryding ys yn a Hundred 
or Wapentake caullid Herthil. And fum lay that it cum- 
mith one way to Wnflnl, and of other Partes touchith much 
on the Boundes of the Wold, but the Wold felf is no part fei, 50. 
of HerthiL Poketington a Market Toun of a furety ys in 
Herthil: and fum lay ignorantly that Beverley ys alfo. But 
Beverley men take them felf 3- as an 4 exept place. 

Lekingfeld is a large Houfe, and ftondith withyn a great 
Mote yn one very fpatius Courte. 3. Partes of die Houfe, 
faving the meane Gate that is made of Brike, is al of tym- 
bre. The 4. Parte is fair made of Stone and fum Brike. 

fiioald be read in this manner: Kirkham a 2. Miles or more. A 

Malton Yealdingha 7. Milts. Aybridge 3. Miles. Aitoft 

brid x Miles : and * t. Miles to the Hid. m Yeldingham 7. miles 
in B. Ycaldingham 7. Milts Sec. to the Head G. exchange for 
ixcuriwg in St. y by new Kexby G. i> Defunt Burt. « PokeUnton a 
mile on the left hand Burton. { Defunt ia O. « Stanton Burt. 
f Ai an exempt place. Burt. $ exempt. St. 8c G. 

I faw 



48 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

I faw in a litlc ftudiyng Chaumber ther caullid Paradtce 
the Genealogie of the Percys. 

The Park thtrby is very fair and large and meately wellc 
woddid* 

Ther is a fair tour of Brike for a Logge yn the Park. 

From Lekingf eld to BeverU 2. Miles. 

Thefe Thinges I notid yn BeverU. 

The Collegiate Chirche of S. John of a fair uniforme ma- 
king, wherin, beilde the Tumbes of Sain&es, be 3. Tumbcs 
moil notable on the North fide of the Quier : yn one of 
them with a * Chapel archid over it is buried Percy Erl of 
Northumberland^ and his Sun Father to the laft Erie. 

In another is buried Eleanor, Wife to one of the Lord 
Percys. And yn another of White Al abaft er Idoneq Lady 
Percy y Wife to one of the Lord Percys. 

Under Eleanor's Tumbe is buried one of the Percys a 
Prefte. 

The Prebendaries Houfes ftand round aboute S John's 
Chirche Yard. Wherof the Biihop of Tori hath one motid, 
but al yn Ruine. 

The faireft Part of the Provofies Houfe is the Gate and 
the Front. 

There be befides yn * the Chirch of . . . • 

and the Chirch of S. Nicolas by the Holm, wher the Gut 

Fol. 51. for the * Catchis is Chirch, at the North Ende 

of the Toune, is 3 large, and fair, and crofle iflid. 

In the Toune were of late 2. Houfis of Freres. 

The Blak Freres, as fum fay, of one Goldfmithes Funda- 
tion, and fo of the Townes : but the Lord Darcy of late 
Tymeftrove for the Patronage of it with the Toun. 

The Gray Freres of the Fundation of the Huthomes Gen- 
tilmen of Scorburg by Lekingfeld. The lafte Erie of North- 
umbr. fave one ftrave for the Patronage of it. 

There were 4. Hofpitales in the Toun fl S. Giles, wherof 
One IVulfcy as it is thought, afore the y Conquefl was* it was 
longging to the Bisfhops of York ontyl fuch Tyme that Bis- 
fhop Gtffard intittlid it to Wartre, a Priorie of Chanons in 
Yorkjhir. It came a late to the Erie of Rutheland 3 and he 
fupprefiid it. 

' « Catchis is of S. Mary Chirch », St. $ Put a full point after 
Toun. y Conquefl was the Founder, it was St. 

1 Chapul. 2 the twice. 3 laig. 

- TriniU 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY.' 49 

Trhut* Hoff'ttal yet ftondith yn the Hart of the Toun : 
fum fay one ^3lk foundid it. 

Ther was an Hofpital of S. Nicolas by the Blak Freres> 
but it is dekayid. 

Ther is an Hofpiule yet ftandying hard without the North 
Bargain of the Foundation of 2. Marchant men, Akeborow 
and Hogekin OverJbaL As I remembre ther is an Image of 
our Lady ovtfr this Hofpitale Gate. 

Ther is an Houfc alfo of the Trinite aboute the Eft fide 
of theToune: and longgid to the Order of the Knighttes 
<*S. Joints. 

The Toune of Boverk\% large and welle buildid of Wood. 
But the faireft Part of it is by North, and ther is the Mar- 
ket kept. 

Ther was good Cloth making at Beverle: but that is 
nowemucb decaytd* 

The Toune is got waullid : But yet be there thefe many 
fair Gates of Brike, « North Barre, New bigyn Bar by Wef£ 
and KnUtgatt Bam by Weft alfo. 

From Btvtrlt to Cotingbam a 3. Mile, wherof 2. was Fol » 5*« 
wclk woddid, and at the 2. Miles Ende I left the great > 
Park of BtvtrU on the lift Hond : and fo a Mile by low 
Medow grounde to Cotingbam. Al the Ground about Co- 
tingham up to Mtauft Abbay, and al that Quarter that goith 
wf 011 every fide up to Kingefton apon Hullo is low ground 
ray fruteful of Medow and Pafture. 

Entering into the South Part of the great Uplandifch Toun 
of Cotingbam* Kzvrvrh&StutrvilUs Cartel le, dobill dikid and 
motid, itoode, of the which nothing now remaynith. The 
Landes of this Signiorie and Lordfhip greatly privilegid cam 
of later tymes by Divifion ynto 4. Partes, wherof now a late 
the King had one Part, the Countes of Saresby another, the 
Erl of oVeftnuriand the 3. and the Lord Poys the 4. At this 
Tyme the King hath al, faving The Lord Poys part. Fd. 53. 

At this prefent Tyme be 4. fundry meane fermers Houfes, 
as one for echeof the 4. Lordcs, withy n the Caftelle Garth. 

The lengbt of the Toun of Cetingham is by Sought and 
Eft. 

The Paroch Chirch of it is auncient and meatly larg. 

a North bsrre, Newbigny bar by Weft, and Kellegate barrc by 
Weft alfo. From Bcvcrlc &c] So in the Original; but North 
km, New Biggen, Barreby by Wtfi, and Ketgate. From Beverley 
in Burton. DtUndnm. 

Vol.L D The 



50 L E L A N D'S I T I N E R A R Y. 

The Perfonage is not very fair for To great a * Benefice, it 
lyyth on the North fide of theChirch Garth. 

The Paroch of Cotingbam is very larg. 

Ther rennith a belt by the Eft End of Cotingbam. it rifith 
yn a Wood a * Mile by North, and rennith by Eft a Mile 
and ' a half by neth Cotingbam yn to Hulk Ryver at a place, 
* as I remember", caullid Newlande. 

From Cotingbam to Kingefton about a 4. Miles by low 
Ground, wherof 2. Miles be caufey way, dikid on booth 
fides* 

Cotingbam ys not even the next Way from BeverU to 
Kingjlon. for going the fi next Kingefton is caullid but 6. 
Miles from BeverU. 

The Towne of Kingefton was in the Tyme of Edward 
the 3. but a meane fifchar Toune, y and longid as a Membre 
to HaftUe Village a 2. or 3. Mile of upper on Humber. 

The firft great encreafing of the Towne was by paffing for 
fifch into ijeland. from whens they had the hole trade of 
Stoke fifch into England^ and partly Mother Fifch. In Ricbard 
4 the 2. Daves the Town waxid very rich : And Micbael 
Fol. 54. De la Poky Marchaunt of Hulle, and Prentyce, as Aim fay, to 
one Rotenbering of the fame Toun, cam into lb high favor 
for Wit, A&yvite, and Riches, that he was made Counte of 
Soutbfcliy wherapon he got of King Ricbard the 2. many 
Grauntes and Privileges to the Toune. And yn his Tyme 
the Toune was wonderfully augmented yn building, and was 
enclofid with Diches, and the Waul begon, and yn conti- 
nuance endid and made al of Brike, as moft Part of the 
Houfes of the Toun at that tyme was. 

In the Walle be 4. principal Gates of Brike. The North 
Gate having 4. Wardes, bytwixt the which and Beverlt Gate 
be i2.Touersof Bryke. and yn one of them a Poftern. Ther 
be 5. Toures of Brike and a Poftern in one of them, as I 
remember, bytwixt Beverlt Gate and Aftton Gate. Ther be 
3. Toures of Brike betwixt Mitin Gate and Hafdle Gate of 
3. Wardes. And from thens to the Mouth of the Havin 
t Mouth be a 5. Toures of Brik, to the which the Humber Se 
cummith, and in one of thefe is a Pofterne to the Shore. 

m Defunt Burt, fi next way Kingefton St. Way addit Bart, y and 
longed* as Men report \ to Hafille G. $ partly by ether G. • Mouth 
be a 5. Toures Sec J] To Majntb rcdundM. 

1 Benifice. 1 Mil* of by. 3 an half. 4 the 2 feautda* 

And 



LELAND'S ITINERA RY. $I 

And becaufe that the Waul from Hajilgate to this Poftern 
lyith ftrait as a lvne, ther is much Gaby fie making and Wynd- 
ing of Hempe tor (maul Cordes. 

From the Mouth of Hulle Ryver upper ynto the Haven 
ther is no Waulle, but every Marchant hath his Stakes even 
to the North Gate. 
Suburbes in the out Part of the Toun be none. 
Michael Di la Pole buildid a goodly Houfe of Brik again the 
Weft end of £. Maries Chirch lyke a palace with goodly 
« Orchard and Gardein at large, enclofid with Brike. % 

Michael De la Pelt buildid a]fo 3. Houfes befides in the ^6L 55. 
Town, wherof every one hath a x Toure of Brike. 2. of them 
be in the Hart of the Toun. The 3. is apon Hulle Ripe in 
the Haven fide. 

There be fi 2. Chirchis yn the Toun, the Trinite, and S. 
Maries y y and nother of them by the Name of an Hedde Pa- 
roch Chirche. 

The Trinite Chirch moft made of Brike is the larger a gret 
deale and the fairer. 

Ther ly 4. notable Chapelles on the South fyde of this 
Chirch crofle iflid. 

A Chapel of the Fundation of Hanby and one Richard * 
Hanfien Marchauntes. 

The next is a Chapel made * as fum fa/' by a Chauncelar 
of Lincoln. 

The 3. is a Chapelle of Stone, made by Bislhop Alcock % 
borne in Beverle : wheryn GuL Alcok and Johan^ Parentes [to 
the Biihop] be buried, and ther is a Cantuarie. 
The loweft Chapelle is caullid the Mariners Chabelle. 
Ther is alfo a Chapel in the Body of the Chirch made by 
one RippeUngbam^ Preft, whos Father a Marchaunt of the 
Toune lyith there : and ther is a Cantuarie. 

Ther is a Chapelle alfo on the North fide of the Crofle Ifle 
of one Robert Frojl^ a Marchaunt Man. 

The Tourre in the Crofle Ifle of this Chirch for the Belles 
is larg and fair. 

In the South fide of this Chirch Yarde 13 the fre Schole 
ereftid by Biihop Alcock. 

_ 

* Orchards and a Garden G. jS 3. Burt. Confult the old Valor 
Beuefieiemm. y and another by the name of G. And another by 
die name of B. I Dtfunt B. 

f tour. a. Hanflan. 

Da In 



S a LELAND'S ITINERARY 

In the Weft End of the Chirch Yard is the fair Row of 
* Longginges from Preftes of the Toun made by one John 
Fol 56. Griggs Mair of the Toun, and by it is an Hofpitale made by 
the fame John Grigge. * 

And therby ys the Mariners Hofpital. 

Selbys Hofpitale is on the North fide of the Chircb Yard. 

Selby is buried yn the South fide of the Waulle of /S Ifle by 
the Quire: and his Wife alfo.with very fair Images. 

The White Frtres College ftode by B ever legate. The Per- 
eys were taken for Founders of it. 

The Augujline Freres ftode at the Eft Ende of Ttriniu 
Chirch. 

The Toun Haul is therby and a Tour of Brik for a Prifon. 

Moft part of the Brik that the Waulles and Houfes of Ring- 
^/rWywer buildid was made without the South fide of theToun. 
the Place is caullid the Tylery. 

At fuch tyme as al the Trade of Stokfifch for England 
cam from IJleland to King/ton, bycaufe the burden of Stok- 
fifch was light, the Shipes were baliffid with great } coble 
Stone brought out o{ IJleland, the which yn continuance pavid 
al the Toun of Kingejlon thoroughout. 

The toune of Kingejion had firft by Graunt Cuftodem. then 
Bailives. then Maire and Bailives : and in King Henry the 6. 
tyme a Maire, a Shirive, and the Toun to be Shire ground 
byitfelf. 

t One told me that their firft great Corporation wasgrauntid 
to Kingejton a 180. Yere fyns. 

The Charter Houfe of the De la Poles fundation, and an 
*d. 57. Hofpitale of their Fundation ftonding by it, js without the 
North Gate. The Hofpitale ftandith. Certein of the De 
la Poles wher buried yn this Cartufian Monaftery : and at the 
late fupprefling of it were founde dyverfe £ trowehes of Leade 
^with Bones in a Volte under the High Altare tber. Moft 
part of this Monaftery was buildid with Brike, as the Refidew 
of the Buildinges of Hutle for the moft part be. 

The next traje&ius from Kingjlon to the Shore of Humbre 
in Lincolnjhir is about a 3. Mile to a place caullid Go/flete. 

« Lodging* for Priefts St. G. i B. non vmmt. Lo dg in g cs for 
-the Priefts B. fi The lfle B. &G. y xoer buildid mitb toss made 
St. & G. buildid tcjss made iu the Orig. } Cole Stones G* bat three 
points are put under tie, and in the Margin is written Coble > with 

two points under b. Cole ftones B. t The firft great Corporation 
was graunted an 1 80. Yearea fine* & 4 Troughes B. Trowghs St. 

Yet 



LEL A ND'S ITINERARY, gj 

Yet the comrauner trajeft is from Kingefton to Berton 
* apon, fi and yt is a 7. Miles of: and is countid, by refon of 
the violent cafting of the Strcme, as good a Pafiage as to 
Golfiete. 

From Kingefton to Patrington, wher is an Havenet or Creke 
for Shipes, a x. Miles, on number y Shore I on Yorkjbir. 

Thetis to Ravemburg) the very point on York fide of the 
Mouth of Humber, 10. Miles. 

Then* to Hornefey fmaul Creke an 18. Miles. 

Thens to Bridlington Haven a 12. Miles. 

Thens to Fiamborow bed, pointing into the Se, a 3. Miles. . 
and fo a g. Miles to Scarborow : and as the next way liyth, 
Scarborow is as nere to Bridlington as it is to Flamburg. 

Thens an 8. Miles to a Fifcher Tounlet of 20. t Bootes 
caullid Robyn Huddes Bay, a Dok or Boforn of a Mile yn 
Jenghth ; and thens 4. Miles to JVbiteby % wher is an havenet 
holp with a peere and a great fifchar Toune. 

Thens to the Mouth of Tefe a xv. Miles. 

£ From Kingefton to Beverle a vj. Miles, by the gaineft way 
a v. by low Pafture and Marfch Ground, and a Mile by en r 
clofid and fumwhat woddy ground". 

From Beverle to Walkington Village a 2. Mile, one by 
enclofid, and another by Chaumpain good corne ground. 

From TValkinrton Village to Northcave Village v. Miles by 
fair Champain Corn Ground. 

There rennith a Broke by Northcave and fo into Humbre. 

From Northcave to Scatty a 3. Miles, al by low Marfch 
and Medow Ground, leving the Arme of Humbre on the 
lift Hond yn fighte. 

This Fenne is communely caullid Waulhng Fenne : and 
hath many Carres of Waters in it : and is fo bigge that a 58. 
Villages ly in and butting of it, wherof the molt part be yn 
Hmgbdtn Lordihip longing to the Bisfhop of Dure/me : and 
part yn Hartbil Hundertth. 

The Fenne is a 16. Miles inCurapace, and is al of Hough- 
denUre. 

From Walkington to Hoveden a xij. Miles, al yn Hoveden- Fol. 58. 
finr. 

And thens Hovedenjhir goith almoft to the Mouth of Dar- 

« Upon Humber, and is B. fi L. and that is a 7. Miles of. 
Sic G. *Tis yt in Autogr. y Shire on Yorkjbir] in is written over 
«*in G. I In B. % Boates B. £ Sctlio ifta ieeft in fi. 

D 3 went, 



5+ LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

wenty and fo up on Humbcr Shore as good as 20. Miles by 
Water « to very Boundes of Feriby. 

From Scalby to Hoveden 4. Miles, fcant one by enclofid 
Pafture, and 3. by Morifche and Fenny Ground. 

The Toun of Howden the only Market of Howdenjbire is 
of no great Reputation. The Colligiat* Chirch is auncient 
and meatly faire. Ther be 5. Prebendes by* thefe Names, 
Hovedene. ^Thorpe. Saltmarfcb.. Barn/by and Skelton. In the 
Quire lyith one John of Hovedene j whom they caul a SainA, 
one as they fay of the flrft Prebendaries there. 

It apperith oy Infcription of a very fair Stone varii Mor- 
mons that the BoweUes of ft Wether Skerhw 9 Bisfliop of Dir- 
harrtj were biried in Howden Chirch. 

There is alfo a Tumbe in a Chapel of the Sout Part of the 
Crofle Ifle of the Chirch of one of the Metehams. 

The Bisfhop of Dirham Palace liyth on the South of the 
Chirch, wherof the firft Part at the Entre is of Tymber: the 
other 3. moft of Stone and Part of Brike. 

Certen Chirchis of Howdenjbir do Homage to Hoveden 
Chirch. 

There is a Park by Hovedene longging to the Bisfhop of 
Durefme yn the way to Wrefehil. 

In Hovedenfbir be thefe Gentilmen of moft Fame. 

Meteham of Meteham half a Mile from Humber/ide. 

MounMon of 

Partington of Partington. 

From Hovedene to Hemngburge yn the way toward York 
y about" a 2. Miles. 

There be yn the fmaule Collegiate Chirch of Hemngburgt 
longging to Dyrbam J 3. fmaul Prebendes. 
M- 5* From Hoveden to Wrefehil a 3. Miles al by low Medow and 
Pafture Ground, wherof Part is enclofid with Hedges. 

Yet is the Ground that the Caftelle of Wrefehil ftandith 
on fumwhat high yn the Refpeft of the very lough Ground 
theraboute. 

Moft Part of the Baflfe Courte of the Caftelle of Wrefehil 
is al of Tymbre. 

The Caftelle it felf is motid aboute on 3. Partes. The 
4. Parte is dry where the entre is ynto the Caftelle. 

« to the very St. To the very B. 8c G. He built the Steeple 
and repaired the Church and Hall of the Mannor, and dyed 1406, 
7. H. 4. sddit B. inMarg. qua defiderantur is autcgrafbo. y Deeft 
B. I i-fimpte Prebendes St, - 

The 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 55 

The Caftelle is al of very fair and greate fquarid Stone both 
withyn and withowte. wherof (as fum hold Opinion) much 
was brought owt of Fraunce. 

In the Caftelle be only <j. Towers, one at eche Corner 
almoft of like Biggenes. The Gate Houfe is the 5. having 
" ongginges « yn high. 3. of the other Towers have 4. 
\ inLongginges : The 4. conteinith the Botery, Pan- 
toy, Paftery, Lardery and Kechyn. 

The Haule and the great Chaumbers be fair, and fo is the 
Chapelle and the Clofettes. 

To conclude, the Houfe is one of the moft propre beyound 
Trente, and femith as newly made : yet was it made by a 
youngger Brother fi of the Percys* Erie of Wiccefter y that was 
vn high Favor with Richard the fecunde, and bought the 
Maner of Wrefebil^ mountting at that tyme litle above 30/1. 
by the Yere : And for lak of Heires of hym, and by favor of 
the King, it cam to the Erles of Nortbumbrektod. 
The fiafle Courte is of a newer Building. 
And the laft Erie of Northumberland faving one made the 
Brew Houfe of Stone without the y Caftelle W aulle, but hard 
joyning to the Kechyn of it. 

One thing I likid excedingly yn one of the Towers that 
was a ftudy caullid Paradiji, wher was a Clofet in the midle 
of 8. Souares latifid aboute : and at the Toppe of every Square 
was a Desk ledgid *to fet Bookes on 1 Bookes on Cofers 
withyn them, and thefe femid as yoinid hard to the Toppe 
of the Clofet : and yet by Pulling one or al wold cum downe, 
(brifte higthe in rabettes, and ferve for t)eskes to lay 
Bokeson. 

The Garde Robe yn the Caftelle was excedingly fair. And Fol.60. 
fo wer the Gardeins withyn the Mote, and the Orchardes 
withoute. And yn the Orchardes were Mountes opere topia- 
ru writhen about with Degrees like Turninges of Cokilfhilles, 
to cum to the Top without Payn. The Kyver of Darwent 
rennith almoft hard by the Caftelle. and about ' a Mile lower 
goith ynto Owfe. This Ryyer at greate Raynes ragith and 
overflowith much of the Ground there aboute beyng low 
Medowes. 

• On 5. in bight St. $ Of the Perejes, viz. The. Percy, E. 
of JPWjfrr, B. y Caftelle Waulls G. I to fet Bookes en 9 and 
defers &c. St. 1 Ferte redundant. { Brcftc high B. 

I a Mile twice. 

D 4 There 



j6 LELAND'S ITINERARY; 

There is a Parke hard by the Caftolle. 

FromfVrefebiltQ Fery about a Mile, ttoft by 

Medow Ground, and fo a xj. Miles to Tori, wherof moft part 
was in fight Medow and Mbrifch Ground, and but meane 
Corne, but toward York the Sovle and Corhe was better. 

The Towne of Yorke ftondtth by Weft and Eft of 0*/i 
Ryver, renning thorough it: But that Parte that liyth by Eft 
is twis as great in Buildinges as the other. 

TThus goith the Waul from the Ripe of Owfe of the Eft 
Parte of the Cite of York. 

Fyrft a great Towre with a Chein of Yren to cafte over 
the Oufe : then another Tower, and fo to Bcudom Gate : 
From B$udom Bar or Gate to Goodrome Gate « or Bar* x. 
% Toures. Thcns 4. Toures to Laythorp a Poflerrtgate : and 
fo by the fpace of a 2. £ flite Shottes the blynde and depef 
Water of Fojjh cumming oute of the Foreft of y Gahns dc~ 
fendith this "Part of the Cyte without I Waulle. Then to> 
Waume Gate 3. Toures, and thens to Fiffiber Gate ftoppid up 
fins the Communes burnid it yn the Tyme of King Henry 
the 7. Ana yn the Waul by this Gate is a Stone with this 
Inscription: lx. Yardes yn lengbtb Anno D. 1445. William. 
Todde Mair of York did this Cofte. 

Sum fay that Waunu Gat* was ere£Hd at the flopping up of 
Ft/char Gate : but I dout of that. 
w. 61. Thens to the Ripe of Fojfo a 3. Toures, and yn the 3. a 
Pofterne. 

And thens over Fojfe by a Bridge to the Cartel. FeM *• 
Bridge of . • . . Arches 1 above it : * Laitborfbridge on Fojfe 
of 3. Arches. Monke Bridge on Fojfe of 5* Arches without* 
Goodrome Gate. 

The Area of the Caftelle is of no very great Quantite. 
There be a 5. ruinus Toures in it. 

The arx is al in mine : and the roote of the Hille that yt 
ftondith on is environid with an Anne derivid out of Fojfe 
Water. 

Thefe be the notable Places withy n the Waul of that Part 
of York that ftandith on the Eft fide of Owfe. The Cathe- 
drale Chirch with the Palace betwixt Boudom Gate and Go* 
drom Gate. S. Leonardes fumtyme a Priory of Chanons. 

« Dffunt B. ft Slitc Shootes*. y Guhret 6. I WmmIIsQ\ 

t above it defunt in G. 

1 Bridge of 5, Arches St. 1 Laithorpbridg. 

There 



LWAHTn I TINE R A'R V) $1 

There be vilj. Arches yn eche o( Ac fide Iflcs of the Body 
of the Cathedrale Chirch *of York, and 4. on cche Part of 
the croa Iflo. and o. en eehe of die Mer of die fides of th» 
Eft Part of the Chirch. 

The Auguftine Freres bytwrxt the Toure on Oufe Ripe 
and Owfi Bridge having i. Arches. 

The JVbki Freres not very far from Laythorpe Gate. 

$ Ther was a Place of die Bigotes hard withyn Laithorp 
&**, and by it an Hofpital of the Bigotes Funaation. Syr 
Fronds Bigot let booth the Hofpital and his Houfe al to 
mine. ' 

The Hofpitale of S. Antony feundtd about a 100. Yeres 
fvns, by a Knight of Yorkfinr 9 caullid Join Langtoun. Sum 
toy that he was Mair of York, 

The Gray Freres not far from the CafteHe. J 

The Priori of Blak Chanons with the Hoipital of S. Leo- 
nardes. 

The Hofpitale Northwarde y above Foffi Bridge of the 
Foundation of the Marchantes of theToun, and dedicate td 
the Trinht. . 

The Chapelle on Foffi Bridge. 

Ther was a Fundation of an Hofpitale hard without the 
verjr fide of Aftcbelgate of the ere&ing of Syr Richard of York* 
Mair of York, whoip the Communes of lorkjbir when they 
•nterid into York by brenning of Fiffiher Gate in the Reign 
of Hmry the 7. woold have behedid. ^£ut the Fundation was 
never finilhid. 

S. Marie Abbay without Boudon Gate. 

S. Andreas a Houfe of Chanons Gilbertines by Owfi with- 
out FiJJtbargate. 

Ther was a tfqufe of Religion about one of die Barres of 
Yorkt^ wherby the Burgeges of York and the Henawdes that 
cam to war in aid of Edward the ?. faute, and divers were 
flain. 1 1 hard one fey that it was a Houfe of Whit Monies". 

A Chapelle and the Toun Haule above Oufibridg on the 
Eft Ripe with a Gild and an Hofpitale. ^ <**»• 

A Chapelle or Chirch on Oufebridg. 

Oufi Bridg hath 6. Archis. 

From York to Airt- Mouth apon Oufi by Water a 24. Miles. 
Thens to Hulk 24. Miles. 

From York to Borow Bridge by Water a £ 16. Miles. 

of and 4. G. /S DefantB. y about fox above in' 

St. About B. I L. But this Foundation % Dejunt B. I 26. B: 

The 



5* ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Fal.Cs. The Weft Part of the Cits of York is this enclafid: firft a 
Turret, and fo the Waul rennith over the fide of the Dun- 
geon of the Caftelle on the Weft fide oiOuft right agayn the 
Caftelle on the Eft Ripe. The Plotte of this Caftelle is 
now caullid the old Baile and the Area and Diches of it do 
* manifefteley appere. Betwixt the Banning of the firftc 
Part of this Weft Waulle and Micbtl Gate be ix. Toures: 
and betwixt it and the Ripe again of Owft be a xi. Toures. 
and at this lower Tower of the xi. ys a Pofterne Gate : and 
the Toure of it is right « again the Eft Toure to draw over 
the Chaine on Owfi betwixt them. 

In this Weft Part was a Priory of Blak Monkes caullid 
the fi Trinitt y. 

The Nunnery of Clement Thorpe ftode without the Waul 
of the Weft Part right again 8. Andreas. 

Ther was alfo not far from Michel Gate [a Houfe of Blah 
Frtres. 

The Fraunches and Liberties of Yorkt ftreache far aboute 
them, I efpecial by the Enclofinges of certeyn Ryvers there- 
about. And one way it cummith to the very Bridge of 
Tadcajler apon Warfe* 
Fol. 63. From York to Stokton yn the Moore a 3. Miles by low Pa- 
fture and Moorifch Ground. 

Thens a 5. Miles by much lyke Ground, and fo paffid over 
a Broke cumming from Sbirifwottes Caftelle Quarters. The 
Place wher I paffid over it is communely caullid the Spitel* 
corruptly for Hofpitale. 

A litle beyond that as about half a Mile is WbiuweJU Vil- 
lage: and a Mile of on the right hond by a Wood ys Kirkbam. 

Thereabout the Feeldes for a Miles fpace were inclofid, 
and fum Woodes therabout. 

Thens a 2. Miles by Fyrrv to a Belt caullid Crambek, cum* 
ming from Hinderskelle Caftelle ftonding yn ground ful of 
Springes. This Belt goith into Darwent not far of. Hinder* 
skelis 3. Miles • from Maltm. 



m ever the G. fi After Trinite are thefe words added in St. 
which are wanting in the Orig. Mauricius Panill was Feundar 
there tfin the 16. Yen of William Rufua. y Kooke. * ffpedally 
St. Sc G. Efpecially B. • from Malto*. Thenfe to Malton about 
3. Miles, and the Ground is hilly there, and dalye, and plentiful 
of Corne and Pafture. Malton is 26. Miles from Built, xz. to B. 
and 6. to Halle G. 

s maaifcftely. 

mMahon 



LELANiySITINERARY. 59 

wtMahon is 26.MHes fromHulle, p xx. to Beverle, wytoHulle'. 

Thens to Motion a 3. Miles ; and the Ground is hilly there 
and daly and plentiful of Corne and Pafture. 

The Toune of Mahon ftondith as I cam onto it on the Fo *« *4» 
hither fide of Dor-went, and hath a good Market and 2. Cha- 
pelles in it as Members to the Paroche Chirch of Mahon yet 
nonding, where the late Priory yn old Mahon was. It is a 
Quarter of a Mile above the Toun on the fame fide of Dar~ 
went. 

The Caftel of Mahon hath been larg, as it apperith by the 
Ruine. There is at this Tyme no habitation yn it, but a 
mene Houfe for a Farmer. 

Thefe Men y hath the Lordfhip of Mahon in Partition. 
The Lord Clifford, Yevers^ and one of the Comers, i But 
Yevers hath befide the hole Lordfhip of old Mahon? 

Lord William Vefey and diverfe of the Yevers wer buried at 
Mahon. The old Inheritaunce of the Yevers is Wotton Ca- 
ftelle % yn the Bisfhoprik. Yevers hath alfo£ a goodly by Mit- 
fird in Nortbumbreland caullid Berwik on the HiL 

The Lord Vefcj left a Doughter that was maried to Alton. 
and the Doughter of Alton was maryed to the Lord Brom- 
feld: and his 3. Doughters to CUffbra\ Yevers^ and Corners of 
Sokbume. 

Rie cumming out of Blakmore paffith by Rivers Abbay, 
and takith in of the lift hand of it Ricolle : then Seven, then 
Co/ley and Pykering brooke. 

Seven rifith, « as I could eftimate", in the fide of Blake 
More, and thens goith by Sinington, wher the Lord Latimer 
hath a fair Manor Place a 4. Miles from the Town of Pjr- 

kering ; and about a Mile above Bridge on Ry go* 

ith ynto Rye Water. 

Co/ley fpringeth in 3- the egge of the t very toun of Pykering 
at a place caullid KeUehedde. and goith ynto Rie a 2. Miles 
beneth Pykering about Kyrkeby Minfter. 

Pykering Water nfith in Blakemore and goith half a Mile 
benethe Plkerlng into * Co/ley. 

Mount Perrant Caftelle ftoode 2. Miles from Mahon in the 

m Mahon is 26. &c] This line Hands in the Marg. of the Orig* 
fi PefttntB. y Have B. 1 defunt G. % yn the Bisjbofrik o/Dur. 
ham. Yevers batb alfo a goodly Lordjbip byG. {A goodly Lordfhip 
by B. * Defunt B. & The very edge B. $ very deeft in G. 
• CofiG, 

Lordfhip 



6p LELANDIS ITINERARY. 

Lordfhip and Paroche of * s BrjeMbauli It is now clcrdy dc- 
fecid, and buflches grow wher it ftoode. This Caftelle fum- 
Jg 1 « * time bclongid to the Lord Maulley. of the which ftok ther 
*** ***• were 8. yn Succeffion, al by the name of Peter. The hfte 
of thefc refers left 2. Doughters, wherof one was maried to 
Bigot y and the other to Salwaine. fi Bigot * had the Divifionu 
Mougreve with 8. Tounelettes ther about theSe coft longging 
to it, wherof &/witherby was one* he had alfo MountJerraU 
with Birdejbatd and Suadale LorcUhip in Ricbemontjbire with 
y other. 
Sauhvayne had lor his Part lot Maul- 
leys Landes" the Barony of Eggefton {TherwasonsafatrManor 
on Eske not far from Wbitby. alfo i Lok- Place of Maulleys at Barugb. 
ington. Barugb, not far from /Pfatoi on Pctrus de Malt loot Dns dc 
Hulk Ryver. JNeffewii and the Lord- Dancaftre" 
(hip of Dancafter: for the which />*»- 

rj/?*r be tooke a Lordihip caullid of P/rgr, 

W. 65. th« which after by attaindure of one of the Percys cam thus 
to the Kinges Handes. For though Percys were reftorid to 
their Inheritaunce, yet they loft Dancafter as a Peace got by 
ExchauAg or Byinge. 

The only Honfe and Lordfhip of Ceterington was Bigotes of 
3 n Yorkejbir firft Inheritaunce there. For it bngid afore to 
Bigot Erl Marefcalj and fo cam as Landes entailid to the 
Heire Male to a Younger Brother of the Bigotes. Diverfe of 
the Bigotes lyburied in the Paroch Chirch of Ceterington. 

St*m fay That Mount Ferrant was thus throuen doune. 
Thc> 2. of the Bigotes of Ceterington after the Death of Bigot 
1 Marefcal did fecretely woe and wan the Wylle of one of 
the Albemarle* Doughters Erie of Holdernes. 4 Whcreapon 
Albemarle with great Indignation, Bigot being abfent, af- 
faultid Mount Ferrant ', wan it and rulid it: yet Bigot after made 
his Peace with Albemarle : and had his Doughtter by meane 
of x Interce{Tor,emong whom the Prior of Watton was chifeft, 
to whos Houfe Bygot after for love impropriatid the Perfonage 
of Byrdejhaule. And Aim fay that this Bigot made of the 

« L. Byrdejbaul. fi L. Bigot badyn Divifion Mougrcvc &c. bad 
in divifion Mougreve, with eigbt G. y others G. I Defunt B. 
t No flop after Lokington in G. Lokington and Barougb, where was 
once a fair Mannor-PIace, not far from &V. B. £ defunt in G. 
* Tbrkesfiires G. frfecond G. * the G. * Inter cejfyon St. 

„ i ByrdcfliauL 2 had yn dmfion Mougrrre. 3 Yorkihir. 4 whenpon. 

Manor 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. . 6* 

Manor Place of Mougrtve a Caftel in Recompence of Mount 
Ferrant* 

Mougreve Caddie ftondith « on*0 apon a Craggy Hille: and 
on ech fide of it is an Hille far higher then that whereon the 
Caftelle ftondith y on*. The North Hille on the Toppe of 
it hath certen Stones communely caullid ffaddes Grave, whom 
the People there lay to have "bene a Gigant and owner of 
Mougreve. i There is by thefe Stones t a bek yn out of the 
Mores by Mougreve cum doun by many Springes. 2. bekkes 
one of ■ ech fide of the Caftelle, ( and yn the Valeys of the 
2. great Hilles. The one is caullid *Sandebek, the other Eft- W. 66. 
My and fhortely after goith to the Se that is not far of. 

From Malton to Shtrburne Villag about an 8. Miles by 
Champaine Ground, fruteful of Grafs and Corne, but Iitle or 
no Wood. The Erie of Saresbyri was Lord of Sbirburn : and 
King Rkhardhzd it by Anne his Wife. 

From Shtrburne by Hilles on the right Hond and low 
Ground with Carres on the lift Hond a v. Miles to Semar, 
a great Uplandifch Toune, having a greate Lake on the 
South Weft fide of it. Whereof the Toun takithe Name. 

I law yn the Quire of the meane Paroch Chirch there a 
Playn Marble Stone * yn the Quire, with an Epitaphi yn 
French, wher were buried jfobn Percy and Johan de At on. 

The Manor Place of the Percys at the Weft end of the 
Chirch Garth is large but 9- [of ri jche Building : the Chapel 
yn Jit only] ys welle buildid. 

Thens a Mile by meatly playn Ground, and fo 2. Miles 
more yn a vale enclofid with ftepe Hilles on ech fide to 
Scardeburg. 

Scardeburg Toune though it be privilegid, yet it femith to 
be yn Pikering Lithe, for the Caftelle of Scardeburgh is 
couotid of the Jurifdidion of Pikering, and (he Shore from 

* Deefi B. IS quuUm redundat. fi jfxmdtdk St. y on deeft 6. 
Deefl B. * There is by thefe Stones a bekin. Out of the Mores by 
Mougreve cum doune by many Springs z. Belkes, one of ecbefide 
Ac* St. Mr. Gait's Copy agrees with the Orig. only it hath points 

nhcrbekyn. % A beck in coining out of the Moores 

by Mmgrave by many Springes, two becks 6fr. B. 5 aiiyn thr 

¥sltysof*< grout HUhs for mndyn the Fsleys of the z.g. B.inQ* 
n yn the Squire defunt G. bofno riche Building Su 

-• «cfee. a JS t a ttffc . . ' , , . 

Scardeburgh 



b% LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

Scardeburgb to the very Point of Pbilaw Bridge by the Se 
about a vj. Miles from Scardeburgb toward Bridlington is of 

, Pikering Lith Jurifdi&ion. Scardeburg wher it is not de- 
fendid by the « Warth and the Se is waullid a litle with Ston, 
but molt with Diches and ' Waulles of Yerth. In the Toune 
to entre by Land be but 2. Gates : Newburgh Gatt, meatelv 
good, and Aldeburgh Gate> very bafe. The Toune ftonditn 
fi hole on a flaty Clife : and fhoith very fair to the Se fide. 
foJ 6 Ther is but one Paroche Chirch in the Town of our Lady, 
7 * joyning almoft to the Caftelle: it is very faire and is ifled 
on the fides, and erode iflid, and hath 3. auncient Towres for 
Belles with y Pyramides of them : Wherof 2. Toures be at 
the Weft End of the Chirch, and one yn the Midle of the 
Crofs Ifle. There is a great Chapelle fby fide by the Airw- 
borow Gate. 

There were yn the Toun 3. Howfis of Freres,Ghgs Blah 
and White. 

At the Eft Ende of the Toune, on the one Poynt of the 
Bofom of the Se, where the Harborow for Shippes is, ftond- 
ith an exceding goodly larg and ftronge Caftelle on a ftepe 
Rok, having but one way by the ftepe flaty Crag to cum to 
it. And or ever a Man can entre aream Caftem ther be 2. 
Toures, and betwixt eche of them a Draw Bridg, having 
ftepe 1 Rok on eche fide of them. In the firft Court is the 
Arx and 3. Toures £ and row. and then yoinith a Waul to 
them, as an Arme *down from the firft Courte to the Point 
of the Se Cliffe, conteining in it vj. Toures, wherof the » 2. 
is fquarc, and fulle of 3- Longging, and is caullid the ' Queens 
Towre or Lodging. 

Without die firft Area is a great Grene, conteyning (to 
reken down to the very ftiore) a xvj. Acres, and yn it is a 
Chapelle, and befide olde Waulles of Houfes of Office that 
4 flood there. But of al the Caftelle the Arx is the eldeft and 
the ftrpngeft Part, the Enterjr of the $ Caftele betwixt tEe 
Draw Bndges is fuch that with $ Coftes the Se might cum 
round about the Caftelle, the which ftandith as a litle Fore- 
land or Poynt betwixt 2. Bayes. 

At the douth Eft Point of Scar burgh Toun by the Shore is 

« Sic et Gale. /* Wholly B. y Pyramides on them G. * by fide] 
hefides G. 1 Roks St. & G. (On a rowe B. cfecoodG. £ Lodgings 
G. t Oft G. Coft B. 

1 Wauks, a 4owne« 3 Quenei, 4 ftoode. 5 Caftelle. 

a Bulwark, 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 63 

t Bulwark, now yn Ruine by the Se Rage, made by Richard 
the 3. that lay awhileat Srjr^i^Caftclle, and *befidebe- M. et. 
gan to waul a Pece of the Toun quadrato faxo. 

Ther cummith by South Efte of the Bulwark a Rill of 
Frefch Water, and 10 goith ynto the Se. 

I hard there of an old Mariner that Henry the Firft gave 
grete Privilege to the Town of Scardeburge. 

The Peere wherby focour is made for Shippes is now fore 
decayid, and that alnioft yn the Midle of fi it. 

Tne Toune of Scardeburge is 36. Miles from Hulk, y 30. to 
Beverle and vj. to Hull*. 

From Scardtburg to Robyn Huddes Bay an 8. Miles : and 
thens to Whitby * wher a new Key and Port is yn making of 
Stone faullen down yn the Rokkes thereby : and al this is 
cliffy Shore: and fo is the Shore to Ttft Mouth thens juft i 
16. Miles, (laving a 6. Miles toward the Mouth of Tefe Rjrver. 
From Scardtburg to Bridlington o. Mites al be Cliffes to 
Flamborew, and fo to the Mouth of Bridlington Haven. 

As Flamburgb Point lvith, Bridlington ryith as nere to Scar- 
diburgh as Hamburg doith. 

Flambwrg is now taken rather for a Maner Place then a 
CafteUe. 

From BriaTingten to tHbrnefiy a xij. Miles by £. • . . . . 
Shore. 

Thens xviij. Miles to Ravtn/purgb, and x. to Patrington, 
a Toun of no Market, yet having an Havenet. Thens to 
Htddon Haven a 6. Miles, and 4. to Hulle. 

Heddon hath beene a fair Haven Toun : it ftandith a Mile 
and more withyn die Creke, that cummith out of Humbrt 
ynto it* 

« The Se Crekes parting aboute the fayde Toun did infu- 
bte it, and Shippis lay aboute the Toun : but now men cum 
to it by 3. Bridges, wher it is evident to fe that fum Places Pol 69. 
wher die Shippes lay be over growen with Flagges andReades: 
and the Haven is very forelv decayid. 

There were 3. Paroche Chirchis in Tyme of Mynde: but 
now ther is but one of S. Augufline : but that is very fair. 
■ ii ■ 1 * * 

m befide began to waul &c] G. agrees with B. Befides beganne 
a peece of the Tower quadrato fax* B. fi After tbt word it Mr. 
Barton*/ Cofy hat fomo Points, as if fomt thing were want int. But 
there are none in the Original* y In G. is 20. for 30. a 26. in 
8c for 16. t Honefcyi. { No points tfter by in St. « Thefo 
GrekcsJ. 

And 



* 4 leland's itinerary; 

And not far from this Chirch Garth appere tokens of * 
Pile or Caftelle that was fumtyme ther fo^a Pefence of the 
Town. The Town hath yet greate Privileges With a Mair 
and Bailives : but wher it had yn Edwnrde the 3. Dayes many 
good Shippes and richc Marchaunts, now there be but a few 
Botes and no Marchauntes of any Eftimation* •Suarning and 
choking of the Haven, and Fier defacing much of the Toun 
hath beene the Decay of it. 

Sum fay That the Staple of Woullc of the North Partes 
was ons ther. Treuth is that when Hulls began to flourifh, 
Heddon decaied. 

The Erie of AUxmarU and Holdernes was Lord of Hidden: 
and alfo of Siipton yn Gravtn at the fame Tyme, 

This Erie had a great Maner Place at tywton 9 a Mile byw 
iieth Hedon, nercr to Humbre then it. for it ftondkh on the 
lower ftde of the Creke : and Heddon on the upper. 

£ Ther y be a. Cantuarie Preftes ibundid by ik&AlhemarUs 
at Newton. 

The Memories had alfo a Caftelle or great Manor Place 
at f&iipfey yn Holdernes, not far from the Shore* a vj. or ?$. 
{Utiles from Bridlington, 

The Countery of Holdemes ys thus encludid. Firft by the * 
Confines * of the Shore betwixt Bridelington and SHffo* Then 
£ for the tries Dike, made by one of the Albemarks Erie* 

Fd. 70. ter : fo that the Ende of (he Diche cunupitb with the Water 
of it a Iitle above the Bridg as Hulle Ryver golth. 

Then from this Bridg that is a 2. Miles or more fyncth 
Drjfelde the Ryver of Hulle kepith yn the March of Hdder\ 
nes to the very Mouth of Hulk Haven: and them the*Martche 
of Holdemes is to Haven/par the very Mouth of Humkre: 
and thens the Occean Se to the Shpre byttvixt Stipfa and 
Ifridlbigton. 

« SnaruingG. I gueffed at firft that it (houWbe ftarving. But 
ffhee 1 conje&ure that it lhould be rather fuarving, as r tis in Vol. 
V.foL 70, Snarvmg B. Perhaps it jbould be ftarving. fi Ther tBfere 
ttvo Ctntuarie G. y Were two B. I Skiptvn fbr Skipfey in St, 
• L. Confines on the Store ex Autogr* i By the B. n Marfb for 
Marche'mQ. 

f ■ ■ * f W ■ » J M 1 1 ". i» ■ m il 1 > ■ ' 

i on the, .^ : 4 

From 



LEL A.N17S ITINERARY. 

From Scardeburg to Aitan a 3. Miles, wher cumming over 
Darivent I faw a Manor Place fumtytne longging to a iGiight 
caullid Alton : now to the beft of the Fevers. At this Ma- 
nor Place is a Tower or Pile. / 
• Thens to Brunfton a 3. or 4. Miles : and a 3. Miles to 
Wilfton^ wher is a Manor Place with a Tower longging to 
Cbchneley. This Cholmeley had much of one Haftinges ( a 
Knight) Landes. This Cholmeley hath a Howfe alfo at * RoU 
UJUy ; and Cholmeley s Father that now is was as an Hedde 
Officer at Pykeringe* and fetter up of his Name fi yn that y 
Quarters. 

Thens to Py kiting : and mofte of the Ground from Scarde- 
burg to Pykering was by Hille and Dale ^meate plentifull of 
Corn and Grafle but litle Wood in fight. 

The Toune of Pykering is large but not welle compa&to 
gither. The greateft Part of it with the Paroch Chirch and 
the Caftel is on the South Eft Part of the Broke renning 
thorough the Toune, and ftandith on a great Slaty Hille. 
The other Part of the Toun is not fo bigge as this : t the 
Brook rennith bytwixt them that fumtyme ragith, but it 
fuagith (hortely agayn : and a Mile beneth the^Toun goith 
ynto Co/ley. 

In Pykering Chirch I faw 2. or 3. Tumbes of the Brufes y 
wherof one with his Wife lay yn a Chapel on the Southjyde 
oftheQuier. and he had a Garland about his Helmet. Tner 
was another of the Brufes biried in a Chapel under an Arch 
of die North fide of the Body of the Quier ; and there is a 
Cantuarie bering his Name. 

The Deane of York hath by Impropriation the Perfonage 
of Pykering. to the which diverfe Chirchis of Pykering Litb 
doith Homage. 

The Caftelle ftondith in an End of the Town not far from 
die Paroch Chirch on the Brow of the Hille, under the 
which the Broke rennith. In the firft Court of it be a 4, 
Toures, of the which one is caullid Rofamunde's Toure. 

Z In the ynner Court be alio a 4. Toures, wherof the Kepe 

m Rottesby St. Rollcsby G. Byfrribitur Jupra ley in Autogr. 
$ yn tbofe Quarters G. y Quarter B. Imetely plentifull St. tthe 
Broth that rennith bytwixt them fumtyme ragitb G. £ So in the Ori- 
gins!. But otberwi/ein Mr. Burton's Copy, vis. In the inner Court 
be alfo 4. Towrcs, whereof the Kepe is one. The Inner Ceevr, 
which is of Tymbre, is in mine, in which is a Chappefl and a 
Ctntoary Preift. The CafUc walks and the towrcs bt xaetcly well, 
and the Lodgings. 

Vol. LB is 



«* 



Fol. 71, 



46 LEL AN D"S ITINERARY* 

it one* The Caftelle Waulles and the Tourcs be meatly 
welle. the Loggingefc yn the ynner Court that be of Timbre 
be in mine, in this inner Court is * Chtppellc and a Can-> 
tuarie Preft". 

The Caftefie hath of a good continuance with the Towne 
and LonMhip longgid to the * Lmcafttr Bloode; But who 
m*de the Caftelle or who was Owner of it afore the Lan+ 
arjftrs I could not lerne there. The Caftelle Waulles now 
remaining feme to be of no very old Building. 

js As 1 remembre I hard fay that" Richard die thirde lay 
fumtyme at this Caftelle, and fumtyme at Scardeburgh Ca- 
ftelle. 

In the other Part of the Tonne of Pykering paffing ovet 
y Brook by a Stone Bridg of v. Arches I faw 2. thinges to be 
notid, the Ruines of a Manor Place, caullid Brutet-Jiaul^ 
*nd a Manor Place of the Lafcettes at Keldbed. The Cir- 
euite of the Paroch of Pjkering goith up to the very BroWes 
eEBkhn&re $ and is xx. Miles I s in Cumpace. 
M. 7 u The Park by the Caftelle fide is more then vij. Miles • tit, 
but it is not welle wooddid. 

. The Liberties of Pikering Lltb and limites touchith t6 the 
very Bridg of £ Philaw by the Shores fide a 6. Miles froht 
Scardtlurg toward Bridlington, and thefts again by the Shore 
to Scdrdiburg Caftelle, and fo upward towaid Wbtteby. 

In another Place toward the Wald it goith to Uormanby 
Bridge. 

And fai another Comer it goith * toS- Very Browes ofBlat- 
mort. So that I reken it fum way as good as a xx. Miles in 
fenebth, tit nonfari latitudme. 

And thoaghjn fum part it oafish over Darwtrrt by Aiton y 
yet in another Place toward mahon, Darwent doth exclud it. 

And there I lernid of Mr. ContfabU, That the CuHtery ly- 
ing on the North Eft fide of Darwatt from Shifbunu Paroch 
to Stanford Bridg on Darv^nt is of aft Httnderith, beting die 
Name i Hercrojje^ and lyith * becwhet the Woold and Rtdale. 

Thefc Houtes of Religion were in Pihrhg Litb oh D*r- 
wmt : 

« Lancajars St. fi Defunt B. y* Brick St. the Br 09k 6. 'the 
Broftk B. \ in tompas St. • Ltgt in cumpace, ut in Bartoni apogra- 
ph. £ Pbi/a . . by thcSbore fide about 6. Jf/JW G. n to the very $t» 
$ The Very B. $ Of Hcrcrofe B. 

I bytwixt. 

Wihbam 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 67 

Wik&am a Priory of Nurnies, and T$allingham y a 2. Miles 
lower on Darwevt, a Priory alfo of Nunnes. 

There ftode lower on this Ryver, but not in Pykertng Litb> 
Mtkn & Kirkham Priories. 

From Pykertng to Tbomtm Bridge on Rie Ryver a 3. Miles, 
So that descending from Pykertng Toun I paifid * thorough a 
plain low Medow lying in the lame Paroch : and I geffid it 
to be in cumpace a 4. Miles. 

But or I cam to Rie 9 I paffid over Coftey Water, that a 
Mile lower then Piktring recey vith Pykertng Brok, a bigger 
Wat»r then it. 

From Rie to Afpletm a Mile and more : and thefts to Hin- Fol. 7^. 
dtrske/z 2. Miles and a half, part by low but moft by high ****** fi»- 
gxound. There is a fair Quadrant of Stone having 4. Toures'"* 
buildid Caftelle like, but it is no ample Thing. The Jatter 
Building of it femith to have bene made by the/6 Grajftokj 
whos Landes die Lord Dacres now hath. 

The Park afHinderskel by my Eftimation is a 4. Miles yn 
Cumpace, and hath much Ear yong Wod yn it. 

From Hinder del toy Sbirbtden Caftelle a 4. Miles moft by 
high Ground. 

>A MHe atWsfideSAirj&afcii Heft on the right hofid.s .... 
Mr. Gower*s auncient Manor Placed 

The Caftelle of Shirbuten, £ as I lernid there', was buildid 
by RafenNeviil of Raby the*fjrrftErl of Wefimerland of the 
Nevilles : & and I hard that in his Tyme he buildid or greatly 
augmentid or repairid 3. Caftelles by lide*. 

There is a Rife Court with Houfes of Office afore the En- 
tering of the Caftelle. 

The Caftelle fdf in die Front is not dichid, but it ftondith 
m loca ntcunque edito. 

I markid yn the fore Front of the firft Area of the Caftelle 

« defont G. fi L. Grayestok. Grdyes for Grayftok in St. and G. 
Grayes in Mr. Leland's Original} but Mr. Burton has there made it 
Grayeftok, ami in the Tranfcript be gave to the Library 'tis Lord 
Gieyftok. y Sherif-Hutton B. i 4. Miles of this fyde Sherif- 
Hotton I left on the right hand * Tickenham, Mr. Gower'santient 
Maanor Place B. t No points in G. after bond. { Defunt B. « This 
Word is of Mr. Burton's Writing. Deeft in St. 9- Who in his 
time bttildc4» augmented, or repaired 3. Caftles befidesi?. 

* for Ttcktnbtm would be read Stitabam, as I am informed by my excellent 
F««dMr.3frr qfr. 

2 thorough twyce. a firft. 

£ a felf 



68 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

felf 3. great and high Tourcs, of the which die Gate Houfe 
was the Midle. In the fecunde Area ther « be a <. or 6. 
Toures, and the ftatel jr Staire up to the Haul is very Magnifi- 
cent, and fo is the Haul it felf, and al the refidew of the Houfe : 
in fo much that I faw no Houfe in the North fo like a Princely 
fi Logginges. 

I lernid ther that the Stone that the Cartel was buildid with 
was fetchid from a Quarre at y Terington a 2. Miles of. 

There is a Park by the Cartel. 

This Cartel was wel maintainid, by reafon that the late 
Duke of Northfolk lay ther x. Yers, and fins the Duk of 
Richmond. 
W- 74- From Shirhuten to York vij. Miles, I and in the Foreft of 
Goitres, wherof 4. Miles or more was low Medowes and 
Morifch Ground ful of Carres, the Refidew by better Ground 
but not very high. 

Owte of this fide of the Foreft cummith as a Drcner of it 
Fojfe Water to York. 

I faw very litle Wood yn this Quarter of the Foreft. 

There is a Place in York caullid David Haul, affignid as a 
Place of Punifchment for Offenders in Goitres. 

From York to Tollerton a Lordfhip with a Village longging 
to the Office of the • thefaurer of York Minfter 8. Miles by 
higher Ground then the other Part of Goitres, and reafonably 
woddid. 

Then I faw on the right Hond a 4. Miles of the Caftelle of 
Creky gyven by King Ecbright to S. f Cutbbert. 

Ther remainith at this Tyme fmaul (hew of any old Cartel 
that hath beene there. There is * a Haul with other Offices 
and a gteat Stable Voltid with Stone of a meatly auncyent 
Building. The great fquar Tower that is thereby, as in the 
Toppe of the Hille and Supplement of Logginges, is very 
fair, and was eredid totally { by Neville Bisfliop of Durefmd\ 

There is a Park, and the Circuite of the Lordfhip is 7. 
Miles : the value being a 40/1. by the Yere. 

From Tollerton % I paffid a 2. Miles farther 3- in the Foreft of 
Goitres, and ther it extendith no farther. 

« were G. jS Lodging G. y Tering G. * all for and in St. 
§ Treafurer S.Sc G. £ By Robert Nevil Biftiop of Durham in the 
raignc of K. Hen. 6. B. n Ipajpd about 4. Miles further G. 3» Into 
the B. 

\ Cutbebcn 2 an Hani 

- • About 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

About this Place loking on the left Hand I faw Mlton Vil- 
lage, that is x. Miles by North Weft from York : wherby the 
Setttes had Vi&ory of the Englifch Hoft in Edward the 2. 
Tymc. 

Thens a « Miles to Herperby Village by meatly good Cora FoL 75. 
Ground, Pafture, and Medow, /S and furn Wooddes*. 

Thens to Thornton Bridge of 3. Arches on the depe and* 
fwift Stream of Swale a Mile. 

And thens to Topeclsf, an uplandifch Toune, a 3. Miles, 
wher I cam over Swale y by Bridge of Tymbre. 

The Praty Manor Place of To pel if ftondith on a Hille about 
half a Mile from the Toune, almoft on the Ripe of Swale. 

The laft Erl of Northumbreland did coft on this Houfe. 

There long 2. i> Partes to this Manor, the bigger wherof 
is a 6« or 7. Miles in Cumpace, and is well wooddid. 

From Topclif to Brakenbyri^ wher Mafter Lacelles hath 
buildid a very praty Houfe, a 4. Miles : ,and bard therby ren- 
nith fVisk Ryver, and devidith the Lordihipes of Brakenbyri 
tndtKirkbyfTtsk. 

I faw the fmaul Market Toun of Tresk on the right Hond 
about a Mile from Brakenbyri. 

At Tresk was a great Cartel of the Lord Mowbrays. And 
there is a Park with praty Wood abou.t it. 

There is much Land about that Quarter, holden of the 
Signiorie of Tresk. 

The Broke caullid Coddebek rifing yn the Browes of Blake 
More therby cummith by Tresk, and after goith into £ WiUowe* 
bek Ryver. 

From % Kirkeby fTtsk'' to IJorthalvprtm a 4. Miles by Pa- 
fture and Corne Ground. 

I markid by much of the Way as I roode from Tollerton 
onto JVisk Bridg, moil communely caullid Snuthon Bridge, 
that I paflid yn a meately fertile Valley bytwixt Blakemore 
Hilles by Eft, and Rlchemontjhir Hilles by Wefte, a good Di- 
fiance being bytwixt them. 

The Towne of Nortbalverton is yn one fair long Streate 

ing by South and North. 

The Paroch Chirch of it is large, but 9- in if I faw no 
Tumbes of Noble men 1 yn it. 

« Mile for Miles in St. & G. Mile B. ft Defunt B. y by a 
Bridge St. & G, On a Bridge of Tymbcr 3. I s for Partes re*d 
Tarkes. t Kirkby by Wiske B. But afterwards be has Kxrkby 
Wiske. i Willowebck. This Word is of Mr. Burton's Writing, 
t See a If t tie above. > Delenda. $ yn it defunt in Q. & St. 

E 3 Thw 



lying 1 



yo LELANiySITINElAlY. 
Fou 7 6. Ther was a Houfe of Fnris in ^ Eft fiJe of 

the Toune. 

And yn the feme Cofte but a Mile or I cam ymo the 

Towne I faw the « Hofpitale of S foundid by. . . . 

Bisfhop of Dyrbam. 

At the Weft fide of Northatusrton a litle from the Chirch 
is the Bisfhop of Dyrkairis Palace, ftrong of Building and 
welle motid. 

And a %. flite Shottes Weft North Weft from it be Diches 
and the Dungeon Hille wher the Caftelle of Ahorton Aim- 
tymc ftoode. No part of the Walles ' therof now appertth. 

There cummith a very litle Bek thorough the Toun of 
Nortbalvtrton as from Eft to Weft, and is communeJy caul- 
lid Sunnebek. 

A litle by North without Aherton Toun is a Bridg of one 
Arch of Stone, thorough the which cummith a bygger Broke 

then SurtneMy and rifing partely£ out of cummith 

toward the Weft, and paffith thorough the Medowes bytwixt 
the Caftelle y Hilles and the Bisihopes Palace, and therabout 
receyvith Sumubik into it, and within half a Mile lower go- 
ith into IVisk. 

Northahertonfkir is holely of the Dition of the fiia&op of 
Durejmiy and fuch Gentilmen as have Landes Aere be of the 
Holde of the Bisfliop. 

Thefe Gentilmen be of moft Name in Nortbahwttnflnrt * 

Strcnrwaife of Harkfey> wher Stromgwaifi the Juge buiWid 
a praty Caftelle. 

* Malory. 

Conitrs ati« ».,«•••••••• 

Vincent in Smithon Paroch * a litle beyond Smith* Bridge. 

£ Tbwaites, whofe Houfe I faw on the lift Hond, a litle a 
this fide Smithon Bridge. 
•Fol. 77. There is very litle Wood yn Northahertonjbiro : and but 
one Park at Huten now withoute Deere, 

The Shire of Nortbalvtrton ftrechith one way from within 

« Htfpjtah ofS. . . .] Hpfpitall of St. John in the Magin of 
& by a different Hand, ft out of the Eft eummjtbt St. y HillG* 
i Malory. Three points after this Word in G. • Hatton Bonville [in 
G. lb al. Manu.] ^TwaitbesG.nhom Fol. 77. to Fol. 94. is want- 
ing in Mr. Thorcsby's Copy, as are alfo the Extract from Garter m 

t thereof, a a lithe* 

a litle 



^ELAND'S ITINERARY. 71 

* tide of Ripon nere to Toft Bank, and on the « Eft is limkid 
with Blakmdre-HiWcSi and on the £ Weft with Rickpnont/biro. 
The Place caullid Ctatfs* More, wher, as fuin fay, was the 
feldof the Standard bytwixt the Englifcb Menne and the &tf- 
#A,i*,yaaIleroidVa+.Milcs by North Weft from <//- 



There is good Corne in Nortbalverton, yet a grctf Peace 
•f the Ground that I few at band bytwixt Nortbworton and 
Smitbo* Bridge is low Paftui* and Morea, yhetof Part beer* 
fum fyrrcs. 

From j Jbntan to Smkhm Bridge a 6. Mile*» wher #W 
rennith cummins a 6. Miles of by Efte from Smittm. 

Thens a 3. Miles to At trakhus over Ti/i to £ Sokbourne. 

fk kkwn * where as the Eldeft Houfe is of the Cowers, with 
the Demains about it, of a Mile Cumpace of exceding pie- 
fiuint Ground, is almoft made an Iflt as Tffif Ryver winde- 
dhh about it* 

A title beneth the Maner Place is a great Were for Fifch. 

In the Parocbe Chirch of Soiboum i% the Tumbe of Sir 

Zobn Ccniersy that maried « EHfabetb, * Eldeft to Brom/Utt 
ord S, Jebn, and Bronsfltf, as I faw * it writen, was made 
Lord Ytfcj by King tfsij the 6. for he ti*4 much of the 
Lord Vefcf Land by mariyng the Doughter and Heir of Atom, 
a Knight, that came lineally of a Doughter. 

Jntfafiathc a 4 . Doughter was maried tQ the Lord Clifford** 
and JMarhu to Eure. 

4 The Houfe and Land of SoUur* bath bene of auncient: 
tyme the very Inheritaunce of the Contort, whos name (as I 
lemyd of hymftlf ) is in auncient Writings Congrws not 
Comers*. 

Notablt Bridges on Tefe. 
Ytrtkom Bfidgof Stone, a 3, Miles above »£taife0»inade». 
x as I h*rd", by Bisitop f tfr£w. 

11 • ■ ■ ' ■ *>• " 

« Writer BJ? In G. fi Baft Weft fot Weft \*Q. butaftroaki* 
drawn through Ba. y Dofunt B. *ab©ut 5. Miles G. % North- 
aherton G. Nonhalvcrton J?. £ Stokbumc G. * B. /MB. most infra 
babet Sokbarne. « BMfabotb of BrmfUt Lord St. John end Brom- 
Jki *s 1 faw G. fr Aide daughter, ut in B. qui & Hen Bromflet 
£«fcr. Dmgbtar St. < ^AVfr toneifitur bac foBio in B. v/£. 
It hath long banc the Inheritance of the Conffrs. « StokbuiPC & 
A DefmuB. 

j on8 writes* 

£ 4 Cra/* 



7* LEL A NETS ITINERARY, 

Croft Bridge. 

Perfe Bridge. 
W. 7*. From &>kburn to Niftham apon Te/e a 3. Miles : and then 
% v. Miles to * Darington by pure good Come. 
• Darington Bridge of Stone is, /ft as I remembre", o'f 3. 
Arches, it is the belt y Maket Town in the Bisfitoprick, favine 
Dunfine. s 

There is an exceding long and fair Altare Stone de varin 
Mormon, hoc eft, nigra albis nmculis dijUnOo, at the high 
Altare in the Collegiate Paroche Chirch of Daringtm. 

There is a Dene longging to this College and i 

Prebendaries. 

The Bisfliop of* Durefme hath a praty Palace in thisToune, 

From Darhngton to Acheland 8. good Miles by refonable 
good Corne and Pafture. 

A Mile a this fide Akeland CaftelJe I cam oyer a Bridg of 
one 1 great Arch on Gaundeleje a Praty Ryver rifing a vj. 
Miles of by Weft : and renning by the South fide of Akeland 
Caftelle goith £ a litle beneth it to the great firearae of 
Were. 

Gaunde/es rifing by Weft dimming by WeJIakeland, by S. 
Uelenes Akeland, by S. Andreas Akeland, and by Bis/bop Ake- 
hnde. 

The Towne felf of Akeland is of no Eftimation, yet is 
ther a praty Market of Corne. 

It ftandith on a praty hille bytween 2. Ryvers, wherof 
* Were lyith on the North fide, and GaundeUJfe on the South, 
and a narow (hot or more benethe they meete and make one 
Streame, and rerj to the Efte. and ech of thefe Rivers hath 
an Hille by it. So that & * Bisfhops Caftelle Ahland Azndith 
on a litle Hille bytwixt 2. t great: 

. ; . . .... ■ , ' 

« Darlington in B. ut &f paullo in/erins in Autographs fSDe/unt 
B. y Leg; Market, fie in Autographo & St. te G. } Sic in Auto- 
graph. Sed fine /patio in B. • great Archt over the /aid Grand elcffe 
River, rifing about fix Miles G. Tbus in B. viz. great Arch over the 
Aid Gattjdetes River, running by the South fyde of Akeland Caftle, 
and goith a litle beneath it to Were* £ a litle defunt in G. % One 
for IVete in G. * The BUhop's Caftle at Akeland B. ait Akeland 
G. The Word Bi/bops is written over Caftelle in the Orjg. * great 
Hills St. So in the Original. Bus mm for great in B. 

\ 1 Biishop. 

f There 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 73 

m There was fi of very auncient a Manor Place? logging to 
the Bisfhop of Dun/me at Akeland. 

XAntenius de Bete began firft to encaftellate it. he made 
die greaut Haulle. there be divers Pillors of Blak Marble 
Ipekdid with White. 1 and die exceding fair gretChaumbre 
with other there. 

He made alfo an exceding gpodlv Chapelle ther of Stone 
welle iquarid, and a College with Dene and Prebendes yn it. 
and a Quadrant on the South Weft fide of the Caftell for Mi- 
laifters of the College. 

Skerlaw 9 Bisihop of Durefine, made the goodly Gate Houfe 
at Entering ynto the Caftelle of Akeland. 

There is a fair Park by the Caftelle having falow Dere, wild M 79* 
Bulks and Kin. 

From Bisjbot Akelaqd to Wulfingbam a 7. Miles. { thens to 
Freflerlei 2. Mtlys. thens to Stanbef 2. Miles* thens to Eft- 
gat* %. Miles, then* to Wejfgate 2. Miles, thens to WerdaU 
Chapel 2. Miles, and al thefe Places, faving WerdaU Chapell, 
be on the North fide of Were. 

The Bisihop of Dttre/me hath a f>raty fquare Pile on the 
North fide of Were Ryver caullid the n Wefigate 9 and thereby 
is a Parke ruddy enclofid with Stone of a 12. or 14. Miles in 
Cumpace: it is d- xij. Miles 4 up in Were Dale from Aktland' 
Caftelle. 

There be, » as I hard", fum litle ferme holder in this 
Park. 

On the x fide of* ■ Where River is Stamp; * 

Stamps is xij. Miles from Aktland: and is the Hedde Pa- 
roch » * on WerdaU. 

i Weulfingbam on Were fumtime a fmaul Market, now none, 
is a vij. Miles above Akeland*. 

The Ryver of Were rifith a 8. Miles above Stanope . or 
more*. 

a There was a veryanncient Miner Plaee longynge St. longyng G. 
# A very B. y Belonging B. * Antenin* Beke [Bijbep ef Durefin] 
kepm 6. ,t He made the exoeding B. As alfoe the exceding fair 
Cbaombre G. { thens to Fifi. . . . a. Milys G. « Yfinpra g in 
Jntagr. $ xvi. for xii. in G. \6. Miles B. IS fie in Antegr.finpra 
fin. i np deeft in G. * Defant B. x North fyde B. p Where]. 
Leg. Were. * en Werdale] L. ef Werdale. % Defideratnr beet fieSie 
inB. •Defiant in B. 

1 Wat. a tf WcuWe. * 



7 4 I< £ & A N Dt I T I N K X A R Y. 

And though the upptr Part of WetvUU be not vert fertile 
of Corne; yet ys there very, fine grefle in the Dale firif wheip 
tboRywpaftth, 

TJw vw H*W* of Jftw rifith of a. finaul Waters, Jto*- 
k<f mi Rfo*- BvrwkQ cummith by South and KtOxf by 
North, they 2. joining make Wire. Ther cummith alio Wdip 

. There referte QMoy reddo Dcre ftragekm to the ]I*1our- 
taj|\*s tfWerefrU* 

Weredale lying as Pece of the Weft « Marches of the * Ke- 
ibopock toward fVeJbmrhnd U well wonddid : and fo be the 
Quarters of Akelani; for by the Name it apptrith to have 
3 bwfrlofOkes. 

Bincbefter now a poore Villag ftondith on the South fide of 
Wef H tad isbut half aMUe beheth Cafttlh Akebmd. 

It ftondith on the Brow of an HiHc, and there I few, as I 
rood* on the South fide, a litlc Foffc, and indicia of old 
3ttUdiages. 

In the ploughid Feeldes hard, by thys Village hath and be 
found* Rmaiut Coynw, and other many Tofcens of Anti- 
quit^ 

Betwixt Ahland and Bimffter is an eroedin^ fair Bridg of 
one Arch apon Were. There is another a lide above Dursffo* 
caullid £ 4 Tundtrland Bridge. 
Yd so. jp rom Binchtfter to Rrtmfpgth 4, Miles, al by Mountaine 
Ground, as is about Aieland, and not fertile of Corne, but 
welle woddid. , 

^ Ar I cam by a Mile and more to Branjjuth y I paffid by a 
Ford over Were Ryver. 

ThrViHage and CafteUe afBranffeth Aondith pn^id- 
ky among Hilles higher then it. . 

On the South* Weft Part 0/ the Caftette emmr^ th doune 
a litle Bek out 1 o the Rokkes and Hilles not far of. 

The Caftelle of Branfrstb is flronly ftt and buildid, and 
rath %. Cauites of High JMdipg. 

Thore * a Iklf Mot* ttat hvwith * mt P^ipc of the 
firft Court, In tbtf Covrt t>* p Tewee «f Logging, gp4 3. 
f»naukWOrww«J>wi- .... 

The pjetiuwof theCaAeUei*£inthe 2. Court: and enter- 

m Mu& <?. p Thi»4«U»i *• V I HUH** 4 ^WQ. >tf«'4f 
G. Rocke P. • #/ for «in St- & G. Of the if. £./* /*#«W G»«r#f 
tf<W *utring G. 

i Kelhop. 2 Bisihoprik. 3 bene, 4 ThundcrUof. 

ing 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY; ?j 

ipg into it by a great Tours I law in Scbochin in the Front* 
of it a Lion Rampaunt. 

« Sum % That" £*/> Afaft the firft Erie of Weftmerkni 
buildid much of this Houfe. 

The Erie that is now hath fet a new peace of Worko 
to it.' 

In the Paroch Chirch of S. Brandon at Branfpeth be dyvers 
Tumbes of the Nevilles. 

In the Qyier is an High Tuoibe of one of them porturid 
with his Wife. This Neville lakkid Heires Males, wherapon 
a great Concertation roie bytwixt the next Heire Male and 
one of the Gafceynes. 

There lyith alfo in a ChapelJe on the South fide of the 
Q^uer a Courites of Wtjlmerland fifter to fi Bouth Arche- 
bis&op of Teri. 

There lyith in that Chapelle alfo the Lord Neville, Father 
to the Erie that is now. This Lorde * Neville died his Fa- 
ther the Erie yet lyving : Wherapon the Eric * tok much Fd. St. 
thought and dyed at Homely Caflelle in Ricbemmtfbir^ and 
ther is buried in the Paroche Chirch. 

The Erie of IVeJhnerhnd that is now had an Elder Bro- 
ther, and he Ivith in a litle Tumbe of Marble by the high 
Altare on the South fide. And at the feete of hym be buried 
4. 3 Children of the Erks that now Ivvith, 

I hard at Branfpeth that Rafe the fcrft Erie of WeJlemerUnd 
was buried at this College of Stanethrop by Rfibj. 

And that another of them was buried at the Freres of 
Nortb-Afoerten* 

From Branfpeth to Durefme about a 3. Mile?. 

Or ever I cam nere Durefme by half a Mile and more I 
paffid over a Bridge of one great Arcbe, and another y fmaul 
ftonding on a praty River, caullid Dernejftl&us DevemeJJe\ 
and a litle above that tarn Brount River ynto it. 

Broiine rifith above Repairs Park, and" fo 1 summing by it 
♦ goith i over into Derneffe. 

Dernefierifoh , . # and goith into Wen 

at 

The Towne felf of Durefme ftondith on a Rokky Hille : 

# Defuni B. fi So in $be Origin*/. In Mr. Burton** Tranfcript 
U * Ucmw/^r the Chriftia*. N*me. y fm/ut/ilc<& G. fed eft fpiu 
com. I defunt in G. 1 running G. { efter for over Q. tc St. 

mfmmmmmmm^mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm^^mmmmmm^mmnmmmmnm 
1 Ncnk. stoke. 3 <&Jteo» 4 goith after iato. 

and 



76 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

and ftondith as Men cum from the South Cuntre * on the £ 
Ripe of Wert : the which Water fo with his Courfe naturale 
in a Bototfi windith about, that from Ehet a greate * Stone 
Bridgof 14. Arches it crepith about the Toune to Framatatt 
Bridge of 3. Arches alfo on Wert, that betwixt thes2. Bridges 
or a title lower at S* Nicholas the Toune except the lenght of 
an arow (hot is brought in infulam : And fum hold opinion* 
that of auncient tyme Were ran from the Place wher now 
Ehet Bridge is ftraite down by S. Nicolas now ftonding on a 
Hille : and that the other Courfe part for Pollicy and part 
Pel. 8a. by digging of Stones for Building of the Town and Minftre 
y was made a Valley, and fo the W ater-Courfe was conveyid 
that way, but I approve not ful this coniedhire. 

The Clofe itfelf of the Minftre on the higheft Part of the 
Hille is welle waullid, and hath diverfe fair Gates. The 
Chirch >felf and the Cloifter be very ftrong and fair : and at 
the very Eft End of the Chirch is a Crofie Ifle • by fide the 
midle CrofTe Ifle £ the Minftre Chirch. 

The Caftelle ftondith ftately on the North Eft fide of the 
Minftre, and Were rennhh under it. 

The Kepe ftondith a loft and is * ftate buildid of viij. fquare 
Fafcion, and 4. highes of Logginges. 

Bisfhop Pox did much Reparation of this Dungeon : and 
be made befide in the Caftelle a new Kychen with die Offices 
and many praty Chaumbers. 

Tunftal hath alfo done coft on the Dungeon and other 
Places of the Caftel, and hath buildid a goodly new Galery 
and a ftately Stair to it, and made an exceding ftrong Gate 
of Yren to the Caftelle. 

In that Part of Dure/meToun that is almoft d> exclofid wkh 
Were be 3. Paroch Chirche? and a Chapell. S. Ofwaldes is 
countid to be auncient. There be a 3. Paroche Chirches 
mo in the * Suburbe. 

The greateft Suburbe is by Ehet Bridg, and hath certen 
fmaul Streates. 

The Suburbe over Framagate Bridg hath 3. Partes, the 
Soutlj Streat on the lift Hand, the CrofTe Streate * on the midle 



« ontbi . . . . Ripe 


St. !fc G. 


fi North Ripe B. Eft fpatium 


in Autogr. y that G. 


l\tG. 


% btfides G. 


£ Of the*, far C. 


v State] ftately St. & G. 


, Stately 


B. $ Lege enclofid, ut in B. 


& G. $ Suburbs G. * 


iuG. 




. 



1 6toocBrid|c f 

towar4 



77 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 
toward Akelandy and the 3. on the right Hand, btring the 
Name of Framagate, and leding to Cbefter and to Ntw-Ca- 
JMU. 

The Building of Durefme Toun is meately ftrong, but it is Fol. S3. 
nother high nor of coftely Werke. 

* There appere fum peaces of Waulles of the Toune joyning 
m toa Gate of the Palace Waul, but the Toun itfelfwith yn 
die Peninfula is but a fmaul thing in refpeS of Cumpace of 
al the (lately Clofe : So that it alonly may be caullid the 
Waullid Toune of Durefme. 

In the San&uary or holy Chirch Yard £ or Sanftuarie* of 
Durefme be very many auncient Tumbes. it ftondith on the 
South fide of the Minfter : and at the Hedde of one of them 
is a Crofle of a 7. fote longe, that hath had an Infcription of 
diverie y Rowes yn it, but the Scripture cannot be red. Sum 
' lav that this Crofle was brought out of the Holy Chirch 
Yarde of Lindisfarn Ifle. 

IVeremeutb is about an 8. Miles from Durefme^ and about a 
vj. from Tinemeutb, or rather Newcajlel. 

There is no Bridge memorable on Were beneth Durefme 
but Cbefter Bridge. Were cummith within a Quarter of a 
Mile of the Toun I felf of Cbefter. 

From Durefme over Framagate Bridge to Chejier in the 
$treate 9 partely by a litle Come Ground, but molt by Mon- 
tainioufe Paftureand fum Mores and Firres. 

Or I cam 1 in Cbefter I faw fcant half a Mile of it Lomeley 
Caftel apon an Hil, having praty Wood about it. and about 
Cbefter felf is likewife fum Wodde. 

The Toune of Cbefter is chiefly one Streate of very meane 
Building yn lenght: ther is befide a fmaul Streat or 2. about 
the ( Chirch that is collegiatid, and hath a Dene and Preben- 
daries, but it is of a very meane Building; and yn the Body 
of the Chirch is a Tumbe with the Image of a Bisfhop yq 
token that S. Cutbberth ons was buried or remained in his . 
Feretre there. 

At the very Ende of the Toune t paffid over Ccnebrocte, 
and ther is n a fair Stone Bridge of 3. Arches over it. 

Thens to Getejbed vij. Miles by * Montainioufe Ground 

« t§ the Gate G. ft Sic et 6. An redondent ? y Fmes for 
Rmet in O. contra ttque in Autogr. I itfef G. • To Chefter 
B. ( Chmeh collegiate, thtt hath a Deane B, n a very fair G. 

with 



7* L EL AN D f S ITINERARY. 

with Pifture, Beth* Mote, and Fyrres. And a IWe a tht* 
fide Gttebedi* * graat Cote Pit. 

* * Turn to fol. 91. 
WL sv *#»£ « oxeerptid out ofRolk thai Mr. Btudenel ^f Dene 
*Jbewidme. 

foor* Sunne to Cadwalader* went, at his Commaundement, 
into /%/», and he Tucceclid his Father, and ever, as he might, 
made chalenge to the Sarins : and his Bloode reignid in 
Hfoles onto the Tyme of LLewlin* Prince of ffales* m 
Edwarde the firft Tyme. 

After Tver reignid Yne. then fi Roderick, then Aneraughe. 
then Idwahvilk. then y*£*. then Kanahaugh. then Griffme, 
whkh was 3 beheddid. then LLewtiin. then Grrffme. then 
LLetveJine* in the Tyme of Edward the firft, the which gave 
Batatlle onto hytn for chaknging of his Cotone onto England* 
and kiflid hym, and n&mid hymfdf Prince of tVates. 

This LLewtiin of /jft?&j dyed withonte Ifiiie. 

Then to retvme to the next ytt Blode to the aforefiride 
7wr, we muft cum to y Ydewalowitk*<X whomdefcendtd R§± 
dry Mahmeb* of whom lEfltll Giguant* of whom Morverine* 
of whom Rodry Maur* of whom Cadelle* of whom HoweU* 
of whom Owen j of whom Reynold* of whom Caddie* of whom 
Theudre Mattr* of whom Resjrfyrholn tGuGuenetkn* of whom 
Gregorh Vah&n* of whom Theudre* of whom XSnegori* of 
whom Theudre* of whom Mereduk afes Moreys* of whom 
CWw, of whom Edmunde Father to King jfifrary tfce 7. The 
wfrtch £ Gwenem marred Quette Catorine* and was Father to 
Edmunde, Erie of Richemont* and Gajpar* Erie of Penbroke. 

This LtniaJ Defcem was tiiewid by thaforefakk Qtiene G2- 
tarine* and by her Counfei openly in the Kiftges Cotirte of 
Parlament before the Lordes. the which thing was ihtr ap- 
probate and taken « for excafe of her Mariage. 

The afofcfaid Edmunde* Erie of Richemont* maridd the 
$ Doaghtter and Hetre to Dnke John of Somerfete* of whom 
he got Henry the vij. King of England. 

m IbefoRowMg ExtroAs +sf*r as to Fol. 91. are ail wanting in 
Mr. Barton 1 * Copy, fi todertoagb St. Rodornn G. Rogfcraagh 

fcribiturfapralin. y Ydewalo wil/e&t. YdeooallwilleG. i Effill 
Gigmmt G. 1 Gu deeft St. UG. Gu rodsmdat, mifailor. { Dele 
nhimumfyllabam. « for otccufe of bor Mortage.'] In the Marg. of 
tfr. h this Note : This is not treoo. For Jb* was not knmne to be 
naryedoobiU jbelyeud. £- Maryuoufupra Jin. 

1 Turoe to tbelX. Ufefobwinw (or fol, 91. % &eu:d. 3 behedid. 

This 



ISLAND'S ITINERARY* ft 

This Job*, Duke of 8omerfi*> was Sttftto ¥*** Etfe of 
Smuty!** Which JWk wife Sonne to Duk* y*A* ofGaunte, 
by Us j. Wife,. Datte&f*** Smmftntt, borne in Matfi- 
moAte. ifcirfe Cfcrdfaak rf Wtonhxft*s Thoma^ Duke of 
Eueejfre, and jthr* Gwfttw of Wtflm#l&na\ wete tern* 
*bafte* 

Duke Jfc** fcf <&«** hid by hb firft Wife no Sunne but Fo1 - *5* 
/fi»i7 the 4* whofc I£ii6 is gome to God. 

He bad by his fecubde Wife a Doughttt cauilid GoHftance. 
fo that then this )M*, Erie of SmtrfeUs and hi* Iliife, is 
aesct of that Bloode to the Corone of England. 

Henry the yj. fayde th&Henry the vij.then beyng yfi Childfc- 
bod fliould obtewi* the Coroneof Engkniib bis Right. 

Tbtnges4xxerptid<ruHofm Rib Ik that Mr. Bnxdencljbewidme. 

Edmtende of BuWngbrot, eldeft Sun to /foiry the 3. refignid 
in optn Parlamente, by rental that: he was fore defotmid by 
a ctokad Bak, his Tide of the Corone to his Brother Ed~ 
w*rd> *efarring ta hvmfetf and his Heyrt* theCountes of 
LancaftiTj Lincoln ana burujhr. 
Letfand. 

In tbcfe ft* wordes be divers filiate* Firft Edmunde was 
not borne at Buttinghroi. Secundely he was not crefce bakkid, 
but a ready and a notable Carmine in Warre. Thirdely 
there is no Recorde of any fuch Parlament. And as for the 
Countelhippes he refervid not them to hymfelf, but rather 
had thrin of the Lfbevalite of Henry the 4. his Father : and 
•fpecially Letreofter by rile Atteintkufe of Simon Mounteforte. 

Thomas the Eldeft £ of Edtaunde 9 Erie of Lanci/ier* was 
bebedid at Pontefracle* 

Henry Brother to Thomas was Erie after hym. 

Henry, Sun to ifoi/y, bad a Doughtier cauiltd Blowup F«L 86. 
that was maried to y*i* of Gaunt) the 3. Sun to King 1W- 
won/ the thirde, by whom (he had £ft»ry the 4. Pktllipe, 
Quene of PortineaJ, and Ehfaheth % Countes of Huntingdon* 
by John Holand her Husband. 

John Holand, Duke of Excefter, weddid Anne of Stafird, 

Henry* Duke of Excejler* weddid Anne the y Duche of 
Tories Daughter. 

Philip* Doughter to Bldunche, had by King John of iV- 
thtgale, Edward* after King of Portingalt. 

m baftcrdr G. fi of Edmund'/ fames Eork of Lancaflcr G. 
y Dsube] Dutches G. 

After 



to LELAND'S ITINERARY; 

After whom Atpbonfus was King of Portingale. 
The BateJle of Shrobbesbyri was betwixt King* Henry the 4. 
and Percy Erie of Nurthumbr eland anno D. 14. . • wher Percy 
was flayne, and Hum/rede Erie of Staforde, and Sir John 
Blunte /s withe were flayne on the Kinge's Part. 
Henry the 4. died at Cantewarebyri. 

Henry the 4. had to Wife the Erles 
Leyland. Doughtter of Hereforde, by whom he 

This Erles Doughter of had Anne, maried to the Emperor of 
Hereford was Countes of Almoin Sunne, and lfabella Queneof 
Darby, and is buried at New- Denmark. And 4. Sunnes, of the 
ant-College in a Marble whiche 3. y of the Younge Hum/red* 
Tumbeyn the midle of the Duke of Glocefter, John Duke of Bede- 
Quier. ford, and Thomas Duke of Clarence had 

no Iffue. 
Henry the v. Eldeft Sun to Henry the 4. had by Catharine 
Kinge Charles Doughtter of Frounce Henry the fixte, the which 
maried Margarete the King of Sidles Doughter, by whom he 
had Prince Edward flayne at TewkesbyrL 

John of Gaunte, Duke of Lancqfter, had by Catharine Swin- 
ford, firft his Concubine, and after his weddid Wife, John, 
Erie of Somerfet , Thomas, Duke of Excefter, and Henry, Car- 
dinal of Winchefter j and a Doughter cauUid Jane, Countefs 
oiWeJlmerland. 

Leylande. 
Of the 4. Childern, as I have redde, was onely John Erie 
of Somerfet legitime. The other were legitimatid by the 
Bisihopof Rome. 

John, Erie of Somerfet, had John, Duke of Somerfet, by 
Margaret the Erie of Kent Doughter. * 

This Duke John had by the Doughtter } ■ of Lorde S. 
John a Doughtter cauUid Afargarete, after maried to Edmunde 
Erie of Pembroke, by whom fhe had Henry the vij. 

* Syr WilUamParre told me that this Margarete had to her 
firft Husband Staford, Erie of Wikflnre, Uncle to the laft 
Duke of Buckingham. 

m Henry the 4.] Edward the 4. G. fecus atque in Aut. £ Dee ft 
vox. For/an others, *«/ f uid ft mile* y Lege, of them, viz. Hura- 
frcde tt>. ofdedk in G. } Leg. of the Lorde. Forfo it is in the 
Orig. and likewife in G. 

1 of the Lorde. 

John 



L E L A N D'S I T I N E R A R Y. Jfc 

John, Erie of Somerfet, had alfo « Edmunde, (after Duke of W. S7. 
$omerfete, that weddid the Erie oiWarwikes Dough ter^) £ had* 
/fojry of Somerfet y and Edmund Somerfete," and a Doughter, 
after Countes of Staforde. 

Join, Erie of Somerfete, had alfo y***, Quene of oW- 
A»wi and Mother to King Janus. 
Leylande. 

There apperid yn the Rolle no Iffue by Thomas, Duke of 
Excefter, Sun to ya&w of Gaunt and Catarine Swineford. 

jane* Doughter to John of Gaunte and Catarine Swineford, 
had by £<?/* Neville, Erie of Weftmerland, Richard Neville, 
Erie of Saresbyri, by his Wife. This Jtofar J had Richard, 
Erie of Warwike, by his Wife Dame <///?«*. 
Ley land. 

There was fette in a Roundel under the Name of Richard, 
Erie of Warwike, thefe Wordes: The Lady Spenfar : Wher- 
by it is to be faid, that other his Wife was Lady Spenfar, or 
that he had a Doughter by her caullid the Lady Spenfar. 

Jan*, Wife to Rafe Nevile, had alfo by hym William Lord 
of Fauconbridge by his Wife. ' 

Jane had alfo Thomas Lorde Latimer by his Wife. 

Jane had alfo by Rafe Neville Edward Lord of Burgeyni 
by his Wife. 

?0«f had alfo Robert Bisfhop of Dureham. 
ane had alfo Cecile Duches of Torke. 

1 Edwarde the firft had by his Wife, Quene Eleanor, the 
King of Spaines Doughter, Edwarde Cair Arvon, EUanor, 
Duches of Barre, and margarete, Duches of Brabante. 

Edwarde the firft had alfo by his 2. Wife, Margaret Dough- 
ter to King Philip of Fraunce, Thomas Erie Marelcal, of whom 
the Dukes of Northfolk do defcend, and Edmund, Erie of 
*Kent. 

Edwarde Cair Arvon King of England had by his Wife 
Ifabelle (Sifter to Charles iCing of Fraunce, ana for lak of 
uTue of Charles the right Inheritor of Fraunce) }had" Edwarde 
the 3. John of Eltham, and Ifabelle Quene of Scottes. 

« Edmund, after Duke *f Sommerfet, that weddid the Earle of 
Warwick*/ Daughter, by tobcm be bad Henry of Sommerfct, and 

Edmund Sommerfct, and G. fi Lege and. y Forte redundant* 
tbaddce&G. Delendunu 

1 Edtoard. % Kentc 

Vol. I. F Thow* 



82 LELANJySITINERARY. 

**•** Thomas lultUmkalh^dinthtmtL^le to Rsun^Ots, wfef 
under another lineally* In the firft was written Richard Erio 
Marcfcal, and then Duke of Northefoli. And yn the other 
Roundele was written Richard the fecunde Duke of York? 
but how Richard cam to Thomas Martfcal Landes there was 
no mention made. N * 

Edmunde* Brother Germane to Thomas Erie Marefcal, was 
Counte of Kent, of whom defcendid Thomas and Eleanor 
(after Wife to the Blak Prince) as the Rollc fayith. 

fi Edmonde was Erie of Kent after his Brother Thomas* and 
had no Iffue. Thomas Duke of Surry, and Erie of Kente* 
dyed withowte Iffue. 

Thomas was weddid to Alice, Doughter to Richard* Erie 
of Arundale, and had Iffue Alice* Wife to Roger Mortimer* 
Erie of Mardbe* and of Ulfter; Margaret* Countes of So- 
mer/et* by y Erie John : the Countes of Saresbyri* Wife to 
Sir Thomas Montoacmte. 

Edwarde the 3. had by his Wife Philip, Doughter to the 
Erie of Hemmde* Edwarde Prince of Wales, eloomtDukc 

of Clar of Gaunt* Duke of Lancafter » 

Duke of Tork* and Thomas, Duke of Ghcefler. 

I found in another Roulle that Edward the J. had ij. 
Doughters, Mario* Duches of Britaine* that had a Sun, Giles 
Duke of Britain: and Margaret* Countes of Penbrok, that 
had a Doughter namid Eleanor* * married to Gray ofRutbine. 

• Prince Edwarde had by Eleanor of Kent Kicbard* after 
King of Englande. 

Ltonel, Duke of Oar ens* had by the Doughter and Heir 
of the Eric of XJlfter 

Edmunde* Erie of March* maried the Doughter and Heire 
of Duke Leonelle. 

Roger, Erie of Marche* and of Ul/fer* weddid Alice* 
Doughter of the Erie of Kente. 

Edmunde* Erie of Marche* had no Iffue : but left his 
Sifter Anne Heire, , 

I faw in another Rol a Roundel derivid from Dame Philippe, 
Heir to £**»//* Duke of Clarence* with this Writing, 2X Eli- 

« Rollts G. fi The two following (. $. are tranfpofed in G. 
y by Erie John the Countes of SaresbyriWife in G. abfqut PmMs. 
fLeonel Dah of Clarence j John of Gaunt, Duke if Lancafter; 
Edmund 2>«fe ofYoA, &c. G. t Here the $. //mr i» 49* Arr 
&/* Roundel derivid Sec. begin* in G. 

imansl* a Dak, 



LEL AMD'S ITINERARY. 8j 

Jahttb nupta Henrico Piny: and in a Roundel under Ellfabeth 
was ■ written, Henricus Percy Comes Northumbrioe. 

Edmunde, Duke of Tork % the 4. Sunne to Edward* the 3* 
m had by the Kinges (Peters) Doughter of Staine 2. Sunnes : 
Edward Duke of York, that was *flayne at the Batel otEgin- 
court annoD. 141 5. and Richard, Erie of Cambridge. 
* Leland. 

There fblowid in the Rolle no Roundelles of Iffueof Ed- 
ward*. 

fi Edward maried Ann* 9 Citter Edmund* 

Erie of March, and Ui/ier : and in her remaynid the Inheri- M. 8t« 
tance of thafore faid a. Erledoms," 

RichardDukeotTorkyyzhertbis Uncle and Erie ofMarche • Richard* 
and £%fcr by ^m his Mother, had Iflue Edward* Erie of ^/£. 
the Marcbe y John Erie of Rutbeland 9 Qeorge t Ann* Duches {nfcis c2»l 
cfExce/ler> and Elifabeth. u*r* 

Thomas Duke of Glocefter the fiveth Sunne of Edward the 

Shad by the Erie of Arefordes Doughter a Doughter and 
eir caullid Anne. 

Humfrey Erie of Staford maried Dame Anne, Heir to 7A*- 
iww Duke of Glocejler, by whom he had Hum/re Erie of 
Staford and Duke of Bokilvham. 

There was writer* in a Roundel by Hum/re Duke of Bok- 
ingbam thefe Wordes: Benet Duches ef % Bokingbam. 

And under the Roundel of Hum/red Duke of Bekingham 
was aoother Roundel having this Writing: Humfrei Erie if 
Staford weddidtbe Duke of $ Somerfet Doughter. 

Dane Amu of Glocejter had to her fecunde Husband Sir 
William Boucher, and he had by her Iflue Henry the Lord 
Bomber, Erie of Effeut \ Thomas Archebisibop of Gantewar- 
hyri\ WittiamBoucberjZxA John Boucher Knighttes. (This jfa*» 
was Lord Barms.) and a Doughter Abettor maried to John 
IMl of Norfolk. 

William Bouchier was Lord Fitzguarin, and had a Sun 
caullid /*£*, 

John Botuber had a Sunne caullid Humfred*. 

m bad by King Peter'/ Daughter G. /S This 5. is wanting tn G. 
y after his tfa&Edwtrd &c. *y Anne to • . . . had Iffue E. £, 
•/March* G. * Edward yir/r* hit Uncle fcrikitur in Aotcgr. 
t Hrc Verba in Marg. dcfam in G. ( Sotncrfct'i G. 

avrken. 1 BrignhaiBi 

F 2 ^K 



84 LELAND'SITINERARY. 

Ifabel, Doughter to Richard Counte of Cambridge was ma- 
ried to Henry Boucher Counte of l EJfax, by whom (he had 
William Boucher Knight; Humfre Boucher Knight, caullid 
Lord Crumwel; John Boucher Knight, and Thomas Boucher 
Knight. 

Thingesextraclidowt of a RollethatMr.BrudenclJhewid* me. 

Hugo de Mortimer Miles, & Matildis Longefpe confors fua. 

Rogerus Mortimer, filius & hcrcs difti Hug on is & Matildis. 

Radulphus Mortimer Miles, & Gladufe 

This John Geneville had a duy confors ejus, filia & heres Lejvelmi 

Sun caullid John, a Frere of Pr'inc'iph Wallia. Rogerus Mortimer Miles, 

the Order of S. Dominic. filius & heres Raduhhi & Gladufit. Ds. 

?obrmnes de Genevilia Comes ultonia. 
Miles, & Majtildis ejus confors, filia & 
heres Joannis de Geneville. 

D. Joannes Burgh, Comes XJltoniee, /3 primus Hiberni*. D. 
Joan. Burgh, Comes Ultoni*, ic Eltfabetb ejus confors. 
LeoneUus dux Clarentia, & y Eltfabeth ejus confors, filia & * 
heres Joan. Burgh. Ds. Edmundus Langeley dux Ebor. & } 
Ifabel c]us confors, filia & heres Petri Regis Hifpani*. 
F0L90. D s - Edmundus Mortimer, & Pbilippa filia Leonelli ejus 
.confors. 

Rogerus Mortimer, Comes March, Heres Briton. & Franc. 

Anna filia & heres Rogers Mortimer nupfit Ricbardo Co- 
miti Cantabrigia. 

Richard Duke of ftnt had Iflue Edward the 4* Richard 

Duke of Glocejler ; Edmunde Erie of Rutheland\ George Duke 

of Clarence \ Anne, married to iftfirf Holand Duke of £***- 

yfcr ; Elifabeth, maried to 7*&» 3 Duke of SouthfM ; and 

Margarete. 

1 Ou/te */"* **«& *f fi* Geneakgie of the Erles «/Weft r 
merland. 

.Gilbert us Neville cam yn with King William Conqueror, and 
was his Admirale. Galjredus was Son and Heire to this 
,G//fcrf. 

Ashtillus Buhner had a Sun caullid Berthram, and they 
were Lordes of Branfpeth : Berthram had a Doughtter and 
Heire maried to the Heir of the Nevilles, and fo cam itawi- 
y^/A to the Nevilles. 

tc me deeft G. fiphmas G. A/upra u *4 An/, *mjt*. y Elijtbetba 
G. llfabelU G. 1 Hsec 0«tf* 0/4 &«& &c. ufquead Fo/. 91. 
defunt in G. 

I Eftiax. a hsics. 3 Duk. 

Thcr 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 8$ 

Ther was in the Rolle a Pctygrc derivid from Qwtrede 
Eric of Northumhr eland yn ftrait Line to one Mildrede. This 
Afiifra&hada'Sunnecaullid Robert: znd Robert hadaDough- 
ter and Heire caullid Emme 9 by whom the Nevilles had Raby. 
Ribaldus frater Alani Nigri, Comitis Britannia & Ricbe- 
m$nt 9 was Lord of Mtdlebam: and by Manage with an Heire 
Generate of this Line the Nevilles cam to Midleham. 

m Da Raby the firft Erie of Wejlemerland had a xx. Chil- 
dern £ by his W ifes Mary, one of the Lady Nevilles of Raby 
was buried at Coverham, and her Husband to as I remember/' 

From Durefme over Ehet Bridge to Sunderland Bridges a • Fol. 91. 
a. Miles and a half, there Were is devidid ynto 2. Armes, *£* j*f 
and after fhortely mcating makith an Ifle. The firft Bridg as g * # ** * " 
I cam over was but of one Arche, the other was of 3. Thens 
a Mile and more of I cam over Burne broke that goith ynto 
Were therabout. and a litle above on the Hil is Burnebam 
Claxton's Houfe. Burnbam is a Man of a Hunderith Mark 
Land by the Yerc. Then lrode thorough a great Wod ftond- 
ing on a Hille, and fo cam by hilly, morifch and hethy 
Ground to S. Andres Akeland 8. Miles from Durefme : and 
left hard on my right Hond one of the Parkes of Akeland 
waullid with Stone. 

At S. Andres Akeland the Dene of Akeland hath a great 
Houfe : efpecially for Barnes and other Houfes of Husbondry. 

From- S. Andres Akeland to Raby Caftel 5. Miles, part by 
Arable but more by Paftures and Morifch Hilly ground baren 
of Wood. Raby is the largeft Caftel of Logginges in al the 
North Cuntery, and is of a ftrong Building, but not fet other 
on Hil or very ftrong Ground. 

As I enterid by a Caufey into it ther was a litle ftagne on , 
the right Hond : and in the firft Area were but 2. Toures, 
one at ech Ende as Entres, and no other ybuildid. yn the 2. 
Area as in Entring was a great Gate of Iren with a Tour, 
and 2. or 3. mo on the right Hond. 

Then were al the chief Toures of the 3. Court as in the 
Hart of the Caftel. The Haul and al the Houfes of Offices 
be large and irately : and in the Haul I faw an incredible 
great Beame of an Hart. The great Chaumber was exceding 

« So in the Original. It Jbould be, Ralph Neville of Raby. 
P Leg. by bis Wifes. Mary, one of the Lady Nevilles of Raby, 
&r. v Sic Aatogr. fed building G. 

1 Sun. 

F 3 large, 



86 LELAND'SITINERARY. 

large, but now it is fals rofld and devidid into 2. or 3. Partes. 
I faw ther a litle Chaumber wherin was in Windowcsof co- 
lerid Glafie al the Petigre of the Nevilles; but it is now taken 
* down and glafid with cicre GlaiTe. 

There is a Touer in the Cartel having the Mark of 2. Ca- 
pitale B from Berthram Buhner. 

There is another Tower bering the Name of Jane* Baftard 
Sifter to Henry the 4. and Wife to Rafe NeviU the firft Erl 
of JPeflmerbnd. 
ToL 93. Ther long 3. Parkes to Raby wherof 2. be plenifhid with 
Dere. The Midl.e Park hath a Lodge in it. 

And thereby is a Chace bering the Name of Langeley 9 and 
hath falow Dere : it is a 3. Miles in lenght. 

The King hath a Koreft of Redde Deere yn the More 
Land at MidUton « an viij. Miles Weft from £ Varaby. Dr. 
y Noteres is Parfon of Mtdleton. 

Stantborp a fmaul Market Toun is about half a Mile from 
Raby. Here is a Collegiate Chirch, having now a body and 
2. Ifles. I hard that afore i Rafe of • Raby Tyme ther was 
that alonly that now is the South Ifle* 

In this South Ifle, as I hard, was buried the Grauntfather 
and { Grandedam * of Rafe Raby y and they made a Cantuarie 
there. In the Waul of this Ifle appere the Tumbes and 
Images of 3. Ladys, wherof one hath a Crounet and a Tumbq 
of a man Child, and a fiat Tumbe varii Mormons. 

Ther is a fiat Tumbe alfo with a playn Image of Brafle 
and a Scripture, wher is buried Richard Sun and Heire to 
Edwardb Lord of Bergevenno. 

4 This Edward was the * fit t Sun of Daraby. Johanna Bew- 
fort was his Mother* This Edward had another Sun caullid 
George^ and was Lord after : and he had Georg alfo Lord, and 
he left Henry now Lorde of Bergevenny. 

John by Rafes firft Wife was Lord Neville. Richard by 
Jolan his 2. Wife was Erie of Saresbyri. Robert was Bisfhop 
of Dure/me. George was Lord Latimer. Edward was Lora 
Bergevenny } and, as I rememhre, Rafe had William that was 

m about G. fi Darby St. De Raby B. y Nolcrei B. i Raft 
Ncviles rime £. 1 Rabye'j Tymc Q. ^Grandmother G. « Of the 
faid Rafe Nevile, and they A S- Lord Abeigeveony A t Dejunt 
in B njquead Rafe Neville the firft Erie &c. % firft fotfifl in St. 

■ ■ 1 , j i ■ 1 ■ 

I doua. 

Lor* 



LELANDS ITINERARY. 87 

Lord Fak**brid*e\ Raft Neville the firft Erl of Wejlmer- 
land «of that Name" is buried yn a right ftately Tumbe of 
Alabafter yn the Quire of Stantberp College, and Margaret* 
his firft Wife on the lift Hond of hym : and on the right 
Hond lyith the Image of Joban his a. Wife, but (he is buried 
at Lincoln by her Mother Catarine Swimsford Duches of Lan- FoL §3, 
cafter. 

This Joban eredid the very Houfe felf of the College of 
Stantberp. it is fet on the North fide of the Collegiate Chirch, 
and fi his ftrongly buildid al of Stone. 

Ther rennith \y the North fide of the College a Bek caullid 
Langley Bek. it ritfth a y 5. of by Weft in the Paroch of Mid- 
let**, and cumming thorough Langelty takith the Name of it, 
and a Mile or more beneth goith into Tefe lower then Salabj 
J4r. Brakenbyris place. 

From Stantbtrp to Barnardts Caftel by meately good Come 
and Pafture 5. Miles. This is a meatlv praty Toun> having 
a mod Market and meatlv welle buildid. The Toun ffelf 
is but a part of Gaineford Paroch, wher the Hed Chirch is 6. 
Miles lower on Tefe and in the Bisfhoprike. TheCaftelle 
of Barnard Aoodith ftately apon Tefe. The firft Area hath 
no very notable Thing yn it, but the fair Chapelle, wher be 
2. Cantuaries. 

In the Midle of the Body of this Chapel is a fair Marble 
Tumbe with an Image and an Infcription about it yn French. 

Ther is another in the South Waul of the Body of the 
Chapelle of fre Stone, with an Image of the feme. Sum fay 
that thev were of the Bailliolla. 

The inner Area is very large, and partely motid and welle 
furnifliid with Toures of great * Logging. Ther belong 2. 
Parkes to this Caftelle ; the one is caullid Marwood> and 
{thereby is a Chace that berith alio the Name of Marwdod> 
and that goith on Tefe Ripe up into Tefedale. 

There is but a nil betwixt the Chaces of Langtlty and 
Mdrwed. 

This is by a nere Eftimation the Courfe of Tefe : 

fade More hath the Hedde of Tefe. then it takith a Courfe 
emong Rokkes, and refeyving divers other fmaul * Hopes or *^j 
Bekkes, * and cummith much by wild ground for a 8. or x, 

* Defunt B. fi is for bis in St. & G. Is B. y Addt Miles G. 
tltkVG. • Lodglnges JET. 5 thereby] there St. ScO. n WdeeftG: 

1 HopesorBduia the Margin oppofite to th« sift Line, 

F 4 Miles 



88 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Miles to Mglefton Bridge wel archid : then to Barnard Cartel 
Bridge very fair of 3. Arches : then to * Perfe Bridge fum- 
time of 5. Arches, but a late made new « of 3. Arches. 

There is a prati Chapel of our Lady bard by Perfi Bridg of 
the * Foundation fi of John BaiUiol King of Scottes. 
Pol. 54- Thens to Crofte Bridge 5. Miles ; and fo to Yarham Bridge 

a Miles; and thens to Stoktorij wher is a fery, 3. 

Miles: and fo a 4. Miles to Tefemoutb. 

From Barnardes Caftelle over the right fair Bridge on Tefe 
of 3. Arches I enterid ftraite into Richemontjhire^ that ftil 
ftreaccith up with that Ripe to the very Hed of Tefe. 

From this Bridge I ridde a Mile on the y ftony and rokky 
Bank of Tefe to the* Bek caullid Thurefgylle, a Mile from Bar- 
nardes Caftelle. and there it hath a Bridge of one Arche and 
ftraite enterith into Tefe. 

The Priory of Eglejlon joinith hard to this Bekk and alfo 
hanggith over the high bank of Tefe. 

Ther is meatly good Wood on eche fide of Tefe about 
Barnardes Caftel. 

I faw in the Body of the Chirch of Eglejlon to very fair 
Tumbes of Gray Marble. In the greatter was buried, I zs 
I lernid, one "Syr Rafe Bowes, and yn the leffer one of the 
Rokesbys. 

Hard under the J Cliff by Eglejlon is found on eche fide of 
Tefe very fair Marble, wont to be taken up booth by Mar- 
belers of Barnardes Caftelle and of Eglejlon^ and partly to 
have ben wrought by them, and partely fold onwrought to 
others. 

t Out of% a Booke of Mr. Garter's. 

One of the Bigoties Erie Marefchal was Founder of Chart- 
mail Priory. * 

One of the Nevilles Lord of Midleham was Founder of Co- 
verbam Priory. 

One Theobald was Founder of Camfey in Southfolk : and by 
4 him Lord Wllhughby. 

n Emgerant Lord Couey was Erie of Bedeford annoD. 1337. 

« of $. Arches of Stone G. fi 0/ John BaiUiol King */ Scottes] 
of the Bailliols G." y delunt G. I Defunt B. t This Extra3 9 
which reacbeth to Fol. 95. is wanting in B. £ the G. n Emgerant] 
Engelramus St. Ingelramus J cribs tur fupra lin. 

X Pcrfc Bride. % Fundatioa. 3 Clif. 4 hym. 

From 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY! 89 

From Eglejion to Gr it ey Bridge of -2. or 3. Arches* a a. Mile w - *5- 
by Pafture, Corn and Woode. 

Gretey is a Village Handing on Watheling-jbreate^ and hath 
the Name of Gretey Ryver that rennith thorough it, and by 
Mr. Rokeshfs Place goith ynto Tefe. 

There is a Park hard thereby waul) id with Stone caullid 
Btgenelle Park, it longgith to the Lord Scrope. 

There apperith manifeftly in diverfe Places by Gretey . . 

From Gretey to Ravenjwath a v. Miles, and ther paffing 
over the praty River of Ravenfwath I cam to the Village and 
Caftelle of Ravenjwath. 

This Ryver rifith a 7. or 8. Miles of the Caftel in the Hilles 
by Weft North Weft: and paffing a 3. Miles lower goith 
into /3 Swale, wher the Ryver of Swale is nereft to Ravenjwath 
Caftel it is a 3. Miles of. 

y The Caftelle excepting 2. or 3. [fquare towers] and a fair 

Stable [ belong] ing to the Haul 

1 } [immovable in it.] 

From Ravenfwath to Richemont 3. long Miles, by a Mile 
wherof I ridde thorough a greate Woodde on aHille. and 
ther were dyverfe • wide brookes renning thorough Stones 
and reforting to Swale. • The Grounde betwixt Ravenjwath 
and Richemont £ ful of Hilles, fum good Corn, and much 
More. 

I cam thoroug a great long ftrete in Richemont or I cam 
to the Top of the Hille, where the beft of the * Town caullid 
the Bailly and the * Caftelle. Sum think that the Place 3 where 
the Baily is was ons extima area Caftellt y and fins butldid with. 
Houfes. waullid it was, but the Waul is now decayid. The 
Names and Partes of 4. or 5. Gates yet remaine. 

There is a Chapel in Richemont Toune with ftraung Figures 
in the Waulles of it. The 4 Peple there dreme that it was ons 
M S t[emplje [of] s Idols. ' ^^_ 

« about three Miles G. fi Swale, wher the Ryver of Swale is 
nereft to Ravenfwath Caftel. It is about &c. G. y The Caftle excep- 
ting* 2. or $.fqware Towres, and a fair Stable with a Conduit com* 
*t*£to the HaullSyde, ha the no t hinge memorable. There is a Parke 
h - . . 3. Miles incompafe. From Ravenfwath to Richemount 2. longe 
Miles, by a Mile whereof 1 rydthrwghe &c. St. iamovabh G. t Wild * I 

B. Wilds G. Z «-G. 1 Caftelle is, for Caftelle in B. & G. 3- tem- 
pi* of Ydoles. Gillings, wherfome thinke the Lords Manor was afore 

1 cmorabk in it. a touae. 3 wher. 4 People. 5 Itolct, 

tb$ 



\ 



*> L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

: . . ; . . ing the Lordes • '. : 

. . . : . [the] Conqueft is a 

M*9«- From Rubcmont to Midleham firft a Mile by * illcrokky 
Ground, but firft over Ricbtmont Bridge of 4. Arches, and 
then vij. Miles al by mory Grounde and Ihle wood nere in 
fight. 

A litle or ever I cam to Midlebam I paffid over fi ■ We by 
a Ford. 

Midlebam is a praty Market Toun and ftandith on a Rokky 
Hille, on the Top wherof is the Cartel meatcly welle diktd. 

y Al the utter part of the Caftelle was of the very new 
fetting of the Lord Neville caullid Darabu The Ynner Part 
of Midkbam Caftel was of an auncient Building of the Fit%- 
randolp". 

From Midlebam to Wenflaw about a Mile i up, and therit 
a great Bridge of Stone 1 over it made many Yere fins by a 
good Perfon of Wencclaw^ caullid Ahuine. 

To Bolton a 3. Miles. The Toun is very rude : but the 
Caftelle, as no great Howfe, is al compactid in 4. or 5* 
Towers. { Ther is a praty Park hard by it. 

[a] Place in a « great Rok .... 

[ofjwhermy LordAVr# [for] 

Lede& to MidUbam . . ♦ 



From Midkbam to Gervalx Abbay a 2. Miles, moft by 
enclofid Paftures, 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
tbt Conqueft, it a 2. Miles from the Town of Richemount. From 
Richemount to Mklleham firft a Myle by itl rokky &c. St. att 
JUchmoat G. « Sic in Jutograpbo. Hille anidem imprimis fcripfit 
M*#or$ fed h deinde delevit* Hilly and rocky in B* Hilly rocky 
in G. £ for JFeizto be read Ure both here and in the places 
below where this River is mention'd. Ure B* &fc infra* Ure 
G. 'tis like a W m the Orig. but 'tis really no more than Ur 
Ure quean* legitur in Cod. MS. amiciffimi Domini Radulphi 
Thorcsbeij. Et re&fc quidem, utme monuit ipfe Thoresbius. yln- 
fiend of this $. is no more than this in B. viz. All the utter part of 
the building of the Fitz Randalfe* inp deeft St. • nude G. ( Tbera 
u a praty Parke bard by it. Tbens to a place in a great Rok a a. 
Myks efmbere my horde Scrope feketbe for Leade. [decayed tint 
Jbuldfolow about 3. Lymes or more.'] St. « great deeft G. & is G. 

lUrc 

Altaic 



LEiANiySITINERARY. 91 

' A little bcneth MtMtham I went over Cover Ryver : and 
tberby on the lift Hond it went into ' We. 

Thens to Maffeham, a pratv quik Market Town and a 
Sure Chirch, a 4. Miles, by Wood, Pafture and fum good 
Come. 

At the Ende of Maffebam Townlet I paffid over a fair Ry- 
ver caullid Bourn*. It goith into * We therby a litlc byneth 
the 3 Bridge. 

The Lordfliip of one of the Aldeborms Jyith agayn the 
Mouth* of Burn, wher it fforth into 4 We. Tnens to Gr tulle 
Thorp a 3. or 4. Miles bi hilly, and lingy, and fum morifch 
Ground. And thens by much like Ground a 3. Miles to 
Rip*. After that I paffid from Thorp half a Mile I left hard 
on the lifte Hond Kirkebj MaLfart, wher Moulbray had ons 
ajneat Caftelle. This Paroch of Kirkby Malefart is large. 
The Lordfliip now longith to the Erl of Darby. 

The [Countrye thereabout] is welle ' woddid, [and good 
Paftures unjto Ripon. 

Tbeolde Towne of Ripon ftoode much by North and Eft, Fat. 97. 
as I could gather by veuing of it. 

The beft of the Toune now ftandith by Weft and Southe. 

The old Abbay of Ripon ftoode wher now is a Chapelle of 

our Lady in a Botom one clofe diftant by from 

die new Minftre. 

One A&rmaduke *. Abbzte tf Pountaines, a man 

familiar with Salvage Archebisfliop of Tori, obteinid this 
Chapelle of hym and Prebendaries of Ripon: and having it 
gyven onto hym and to his Abbay pullid down the Eft End 
of it, a pece of exceding auncient Wark, and buildida fair ' 
pece of new Werk with fquarid Stones for it, leving the Weft 
Ende of very old Werk ftonding. 

He began alfo and fiqifhid a very fair high Waul of fquarid 
fton at the Eft End of the Garth, that this Chapel ftondith 
jm : fi and had thought to have endofid the hole [building] 
withalikeWaulle, and [to have] made there a 6 Cell of. . • 

m Over the Urn* is written by Mr. Leland'j own Hand, rips, as I 
eua,fup: wbiebooerds are quite omitted in B. UG. fraud bad tbowgbt 
to have iuclofyd tbt bole Gartb mtb a lyke WauUe, andtobave mada 
tbere a C*U ofWbite Monks. There ijetba out of tbo Englebys in 
tbt Efie End of tbis Cbapell &c. St. 

1 Ute. % Vn. 3 Bods. 4 Vitt 5 woottyd from Midldum to Ripon tad 
stotJUfonSt. «Cdl* 



tji L&L'ANDtt ITINERARY. 

in the 

Eft End of this Chapel, and there lyith another of them yit 
the ChapcMc Garthe. and in the Chapel fingith a Cantuarie 
Preft, 

One thing I much notid, that was 3. Croffis (landing * s 
in row at the Eft Ende of the Chapelle Garth. They were 
thinges anUquiJJimi, opert\ and Monumentes of fum notable 
men buried there : So that of al the old $ Monafterie of Ripon 
and the Toun I faw no likely tokens left after the Depopula- 
tion of the Danes in that place, but only the Waulles of * our 
Lady Chapellc and the Crofles. 

The new Minftre is fet y up of the Hille, a fair and bigge 
Pece of Work : the body of the Chirch of very late dayes 
made of a great Widnefleby the Treafour of the Chirch and 
Help of Gentilmenof the Cuntery. 

Ther be 3. great old ' Toures with pyra[mides on] them, 
2. at the Weft End, I [and one in] the midle of [the Church] 

Tol. 98. The commune Opinion is that Odo y Archebisfhop of Can- 
tewarbyri) cumming ynto the North Partes with King . . . . f 
had pitie of the Defolation of Ripon Chirch, and began or 
cauffid a new Work to be edified wher the Minftre now is. 

Howbeit the hole Chirch that now ftandith indubitately 
was made fins the Conqueft. 

The Minftre now fervith for the Paroch Chirch. 

• The Prebendaries Houfes be buildid in Places nere to the 
Minftre. and emong them the Archebisfhop hath a fair Pa- 
lace. 

And the Vicars Houfes be by it in a fair Quadrant of fquare 
Stone buildid by Henry Bouet Archebisfhop of York. 

The Paroch is of a very great Cumpace, and goith fcnej 
way to Pauley Bridg a vij. Miles of. 

In the Paroch be fum Chapelles of Eafe. 

There hath bene about the North Part of the olde Townc 
a Paroch Church by the Name of Jlhalotves. 

The very Place wher the Market ftede and the Hart of the 
— ■ 1 ■ ■■ ■ 1 ■» > ■■■ ■ I. ' ** 

« in a row St. ScG.fi Monafteries G. y upon the G. Upoa 
the B. I and one in the midfte of the Croffe IJle. The eomon Opinion 
ice. St. • 'The Prebendaries &c] This and the next Paragraph are 
written in the Marg. of the Orig. 

s in row aowr. 3 tpwicfc 

Townc 



93 



. LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
Towne b was fumtyme caullid * [Hoiy-HilI]e of holy trees 
« ther growing", wherby it apperith fi that [that Part of] the 
Toun is of a [fmall Continuance.] 

There apperith by Eft North Eft at the Tour* End of Ri r 
pon a. great Hille ox Ycrth caft up in a playn Clofe, bering 
now the Name of Iljbow Hille, wher be al likelihod hath 
beene fum great Forteres in the Britons tyme. 

And at the very North Ende of the Toun in a fide of a 
Clofe behind the Bisfhops Palace is another Hille lyke a Kepe 
of a Caftel, bering the Name of Alhalowis Hilles. So that 
one of the Hilles ftandith directely fet agayn the Confpe& of 
the other. 

Al the hole Towne ftandith as I cam to it on the hither 
Ripe of Skelle, a praty Ryver cumming out of the Weft and 
renning by South on the Toune firlt under a ftone Bridge, 
.and then under a Bridge' of Wood, and about a Quarter of 
a Mile lower into * Jre y y almoft in the midle way betwixt 
.N&rth Bridg and i Hewwik Bridge. of Stone on 3 frit. 

Thefe 2. [Bridges on] 4 We be a 3. Quarters [of a Mile] 
5 diftant one from [the other.] 1 

Ther be in the Town of Ripon 3. Hofpitales. S. Marie Fol. 99. 
Madaltnes and S. Johns £ of the Archebisfhops of York Fun- 
dation. Atagdalenes is on the hither Ripe of Skelle as I cam to 
.the Town, but hard « 6 onto it, 

S. John's is on the farther Ripe of Skelle, and fum what nere 
.onto it. 

The Hofpital of S. Anne of the Foundation of a Gentilman 
of the Cuntery thereby, whos Landes be now difparkelid by 
Heires General to divers Men, is hard on the hither Ripe of 
ShUe. 

And about this Part of the Toun Skelle for Mille Damme* 
is devidid into 2. Partes, and fone after cummith agayn to one 
Botom. 

There hath bene hard on the farther Ripe of Skelle a great 
Numbre of £ Tainters for Wollen Clothes wont to be made 
in 1 ■ 

« Growing thereupon B. fi that this parte of the Towne is of a 
newer Bwyldytge* Ther apperith Sec St. y Voces cetene bujus J. 
dejuntin B. INeunvik for Hewwik in St. 1 No points after other 
in St. £ tfthe Byijhope of York's Foundation St. Arcbebisbops of 
Torks G. * on it G. d- Tenters B. 

1 holly hifl* St. a Ure. 3 Ure. 4 Ure. 5 diftaat rrono the othar St. 
•3 ©ait. 

on 



94 LE L AN D*S ITINERARY. 

on the Town of Ripen: But now idelnea is fere encrefid 10 
the Toun, and Clothe makeing almoft decayed. 

*Thefaireabout«thefeftofb at Rifm is much 

eclebratid [far Cartel and for Horfes.] 

JUpm ftandith 

From Ripm to WefiTanfeU about a 4. Miles, part by 
Wood part by Pafture and Come. 

And at I cam out of Rifm I pafid by a great Park of 
# thArchhisfhopes of York a vj. Miles in Cumpaoe. 
- And or evert cam to Weft TemfeU I paffid by Fery for lak 
offiridge. 

* The Tounlet of Weft lanfeUe ftandith on a y diving 
Ground hard by • We, aRyverofaColowr for the moft Part 
of foden Water, by reafon of the Colowr and the Morifcb 
Nature of the Soik of Weweedalt, from whena it^cummhh* 

In the Chirch of Weft Tan/eUe be dyverfe Tumbea ina 
Chapelle on the North Me of the Chirch of the Marmum. 

Wherof one is in an Arch of the Waulle, and that fcmkh 
mbft auncient. 

Then lykh [there] alone a Lady 1 4 [with the] 

{raifed] Vouea. 

[And another] with a Croun. 
FoL 100. Then ia there an High Tumbeof AUbafter in themidle 
of the Chapel, wher, as I hard (ay, lyith one Lorde J$bn 

And yn the South fide of the Chapelle is another Tranbe 
of the Mnmimt buried alone. 

There ia a Mafter and *. Cafttaiarie PreAeaat WefteTem- 
f elded the Fundation of one of theAtarmitm: and there ia 
another Cantuarie befides{ thefe. 

TheCaftelleof Tanfeld, or rather, as it it now, ameane 
Manor Place, ftondith hank on the Ripe of * We. wher I 
faw no notable Building but a (air tourid gate Houfe and a 
Haule of fquarid Stone. 

One Claregenety Baily or Surreier at TatfeU, hath an ana- 
cient booke of the Erics of Ricbemtrttznd the Marmwts. 

m the Feaft of Sefot Wolfride *t Rjpon is mutbt ctithrttji fir 
byengt tf Herfes. St. fi the Jnbkyjbef tf Terks G. y eHmimg G. 
CKmtng B. } runneth G. 1 with thetfUrmU of * Vemet* emis 
mtbar Lady with a Crewnet $* hfr Heddeit. ( theft decft G. 

t thefcur. 1 ToBoelctof Weft Taafcld. 3 Via. 4 with tfaf el nbc* the 
Crotchet beforct. 5 U«. 

There 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. 9J 

Eft Tanftld lyitfa about a Mile lower on * We Ryver. 

• I hard fry of one at #//? Tanftld that" thcr were 3. * 

Doughtters Heires to . and that Marmim 

had one of them. 

LtiUmd. 

But lake wither that Marmot* [Landes] defcendid not to 
r [Doughters as Heires genejrale, and that the [Lord Fitz* 
bugb] were not . . . . 

Pairing over the Ryver of SktiU> and foone after over 3 We 
at a Forde bjneth Hutwii Bridge, I faw on the one Hand the 
Lordfhip of Huttn Certyers now bugging to Aiekry, wher 
hathbeneaParkebut litk Wood in k. This Lordfhip long- 
nth to the Territorie and Libertees of Ntrthahertm. and yet 
« it endofid about with Landes of Rubatwttjkire. 

There is a (aire Chapel of Frecflone en the farther Ripe of 
4 We at the very End of Hewwik Bridge, made hi an* Heer- 
nrite that was a Mafen : it is not fulk finifliid. 

Ricbtnmttftdrt cummith one way to the very North Bridge Tbe mr. 
on * We by Ripmu And it cummith another way to Berowchc* of Ri~ 

Bridge. tbemuitjhm. 

I few on the odterMaidaLordfliqpcatillidy^asIreaaem- 
hre,* Gindtnt. wher is a fair Manor Place of Stone of late 
Tyrnes longing to the 7 Wanks, whoa 3* Heires General 
wer thus maned. one to Mujgravt of Cumbrtiamdy and I Wtft- 
Meriamd" another {married to] «... . villi of Thorn • . . 
[another to] 

From Gindtn Lordefhip to Zfavtp-Bridge by Come and F ^ iou 
Pafture Grounde a 3. Miles. 

There Ipaflid over a great Bridge of Stone on 1 Wt. 

The Toune is but a bare thing, it ftondith on WattUng- 
Strtate. almoft at die very Ende of this Towne cummith a 
fide broke a 4. or 5. Miles of by Weft caultid Tesdtad, and 
rennith into * Wei very title beneth Borvugb-Bridge. 

A lide withowt this Towne on the Weft Parte of Watt- 
Ung-Strtate ftandith 4. great maine ftones wrought above in 
tmmm by Mannes hand. 

m Defimt B. Defltwt B. y Dtfimt B. I Wefhaeritad. Anetbar 
f Nevile tf Thornton Bridge St. 1 It Jbe*U +e read, Neville tf 
*iJ9tMteB 9 asnry good Pricud Mr. Tnoresby has uuoimcd me. 



ttfo, aDooghfttr. *V«. 4 Vie, < Hcresiite. 6Vre. jpkceWude 
itheMv*uu a Vic $Vtt. 

They 



9§ ^ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

. They be fct in 3. fevcral Feldes at this Tymc. 

The firft is «a E 2. foote by Eftimation in bigeth; and an 
18. foote in Cumpace. The Stone towarde the Ground is 
fumwhat fquare, and fo up to the Midle, and then wrought 
.with certen rude & bol . . . . in conum. But the very [toppe 
thereof is broken] of a 3. or 4. footes. Other 2. of like fhap 
ftand in another feld a good But (hot of: and the one of 
them is bigger then the other : and they ftand within a 6. or 
8. foteone of the other. 

The fourth ftandith in a feveral feld a good ftone caft from 
the other ij. and is bigger and higher then any of the other 3. 
I efteme it to the waite of a q. Waine Lodes or more. 

Infcription could I none find yn thefe Stones : and if ther 
were it might be woren * out : for they be fore woren and 
Xcalid with Wether. 

I v take to be 3 trophaa a Romanis pofita in the fide oiWa- 
tbeling-Streat, as yn a place mofte occupied yn Yorneying, 
land fo moft yn fighte." 

They ftonde [all] as [loo]kine ah 4 occiden[tt adoricntem.] 
FoL 102. Aldiburge is about a Quarter of a Mile from Borough-bridge. 
This was in the Romaines Tyme a great Cite on Watheling- 
Jlrety caullid Ifuria Brigantum : and was waullid, wherof I 
faw veftigia qtuedam^ fed tenuia. It ftoode by South Weft on 
. 5 /ir*Ryver. 

The Cumpace of it hath beene by Eftimation a Mile. 
It is now a (maul Village : and in it a Paroch Chirch, wher 
Syr Gutum « ly buried 2. or 3. Knightes of the jfldeburges y dwelling fum- 
s^rRiffcrrf t y mc * n * at P* 1 * 00 * 1 * whos Heires yet remain* ther, but now 
Afaburgb. men of meane Landes. 

There be now large Feeldes, fruteful Ther is an Hil in the fide 
of Corn, £ in the very Places wher the of the Feld, wher the old 
Howfing of the Town' was ; and in Toun was caullid « Stothart, 
thefe Feeldes yereley be founde in as if it had b[ene the] Kepcof 

* for a 2, foote fhould be read a 20. foot*, as it is in Mr. Thor- 
esby's Copy. About ttoentye Foot G. fi boltells in conum. But the 

.very top is broken of a 3. or 4. foote by Eftimation. St. y Adde theri 
cum B. I Defunt fi. • Lye buried Sir William and Sir Richard de 
Aldbor ough % fometimes dwelling in t. P. w. H. y. remaine there- 
about, but l$c. B. % in the very Places defunt G. * Stothart] Stut- 

fall in the Marg. of Mr. Gale's Copy. 

- ' . ' ■ . * 

1 ao for a. St. a owt. 3 trophca. 4 Occident* in oriantem St. 5 Ure. ^ 

ploughing 



LELANiyS ITINERA RY 97 

ptonriMv tarty Goyties *of Sylver a [Caftic.] 
and Btefieof th« AtoMi* ftamp. 

TXerc] hath beetle found alfo [Sepulchrejs, *ft/<e <fc£iuv 

fimA[t*Jilat]apavim[inta:'}zl(o 

[arid] 



Gnawetburg is A 2* Or 4. Miles from Aldeburgk> partely by 
Pafture and Corne and fum Wood. 
I lefce a Park on the lift Hond a Mile or I cam to Knar- 

Ther be a. Parkes befide this that longith to Gnarresburgh. 
al be metely Welle woddid. The Toune fdf of Knarrtsburgh 
takkh toame of the Rokky Ground that ft Aondith on. 

The Toune is no great Thing and meanely buildid. but 
the Market there is quik. 

The Caftel ftondith magnificently and ftrongcly on a Rok» 
and hath * very depe diche, hewing out of the Rok, wher it 
is not defendid with the Ryver of Siiii^ that ther rennith in 
a deade ftonjr Botom. 

I numbend a 1 1. or 12. Towres in the y Waul of the Ca- 
fteUe, and one [very fayre] beftde[in the fecond area. I There 

long 2. other Lodginges] of Stone . . . . • , 

.... upper is 

A little Above Marcbt, but on the farther Ripe of Nidde, Fol. 103. 
as I cam, is a welle of a wonderful nature, caullid • Draping 
ioelk. For Out of the great Rokkes by it difttllith vfltter con- 
tinually into it. This water is 4b could, and of fuch a nature, 
that what thing fo ever faulti&h oute of the Rokkes ( ynto 
this phte, or ys cafte in, or growith about the * Rokke and is 
touchid of this water, growith ynto ftone : or els fum fand, 
or ether fine ground that is About the Rokkes, cummithe 
doune wkh the continualle droping of the Springes in the 
Rokkes, and clevith on fuch thinges as it takith, and fo 
clcvitft aboute it and givith it by continuance the ihape of a 
ftone. 

m A great many of thefe Coyns, with many other Roman An- 
tiquities dug up there, are now in the Hands of the Reverend Mr. 
Morris of this Place. We have a Roman Lamp found there now 
lodg'd in ihc Phyfick School at Oxford, being given by the {aid 
Mr. Morris. fi and teflelata Pavimenca : alfo Spurresfytt with Stones 
and many otbar firdunge things. St. y Wallcs B+ 9 There hnge «. 
Bridges of Stone to this Totone : the npfer is &c. A litle above &c. 
St. 1 Dropping B. £ [and is touched of this Water] G. in 
Hooks* 1 Rokkes St. Rocks G. . 

Vol. I. G There 



98 LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

There was ons, « as I hard fay," a Condud of ftone made 
to convey Water from this welle over Nid to the Priory of 
Knaresburgh ; but this was decayed afore the Difiblution of 
the Houfe. 

A litle beneth " March-Bridge on die hither fide of * W* % 
as I cam, I faw an old Chapellcyna Rok hewen owteof the 
mayne ftone. 

The Priory felf of Knarresburgb [14 a 3.] Quarters of a Mile 
beneth [A&nA-]Bridge ripa citeriori. fi One* Robert Fhwr y 
funne to y one" 1 3 Robert Flowr, that had beene 2. tymes 
Mair of Y*ri, was the firft Beginner of this Priory. He had 
beene afore a litle while a Monk yn New-Minfter-Abbay in 
Morpeth, forfakin^the Landes andGoodes of his Father, to 
whom he was Heir as eldeft Sunne, and defiring a folitarie 
Life as an Heremite refortid to the Rokkes by the Ryver of 
Nidde r and thither, apon opinion of Sanftite of hym, re* 
Ma'urini. fortid t other : and £ then he inftitutid his Companie in the 
fed of Freres of the Order de Redemption Captivorum, alias 
S* Trinitatis. Eftoteville gave Landes to this Houfe, at fuch 

Zme as he lay at Knarresburgh : but wither Eftoteville were 
ord oiGnarresburgby or had the Cuftodie of it for the King, 
I cannot yet telle the certente. 

Knarrtsb[orough no]w longgith to the D[utchy of] Lan- 
cqfter. 
to\ 104. King John was ons, as 1 4 hard « fay," of an il Wille to this 
Robert Flour : but yet after he was beneficial to hym and to 
his* Sum of the Floures Landes at York was gyven to this 
Priory, and the Name of the Flowres remaynid onto late 
dayes yn York. 

The River fides of Nid^e be welle woddid above Knar- 
resburgh for a 2. or 3. Miles: and above that to the Hedde al 
the Ground is baren for the moft part of Wood and Come, 
as Foreft Ground ful of Lynge, Mores and Mofles with ftony 
Hilles. 

The Foreft from a Mile beneth Gnarresburgh upward to 
$ very" Bolton yn Craven is about a 20. Miles yn Lenght : 
and yn Bredeth it is in fum Places < an viij. Miles. 

The principal Wood of the Foreft is decayed. 

« DsfuntB. fi Deeft B. & G. yDeeftB. & G. I Robert 
Floerr] Leg. Tok FAtcr. 'tis Tok for Robert in the Orig. Fouke 
B. & G. • others G. ( there G. • Deeft B. 9- Decft B. t about G. 

1 Marche-bridge. s Ure. 3 Tok Floor. 4 hardc. 

K[nare]sburg 



L E L A N D'S I T I N E R A R Y. 99 

hutre]sburg is a 12. Miles from [Torke.\ 
[Ntdde] . . . goitfa into * Wt corru[ptly there caullid 
OuUiatNutmg. •..*.;. 

from Gnarresborow over Nid Ryver almoft al by Wood a 
Mile to Ptunton* wher is a Park and a fair Houie of Stone 
with 2. * Toures longging to the fame. Plunton is now owner 
of it, a man of fair Land: and lately augmentid by wedding 
the Doughter and Heir Generale of the Babthorpes. 

From thens pafling a 2. Miles by ftony foile, but fumwhft 
by fruteful of Corn and Grafle, I faw Spojford half a Mile of 
on the lift Hond : wher the Erie of btortbumbr eland had a 
goodly Lordfhip and Manor Place with a Parke. The tya- 
nor Place was fore defacid in the tyme of the Civile /3 Warre 
betwixt Henry the 6. and Edward the 4. by the Erie ofWar~ 
wii 9 and Marquife Monteacute his Brother, to whom, y as I 
remember/ the Percys Landes were gyven. 

Thens to JVetherby a fmaul Market Toun on a Hille, 
' where I faw crucem [antiqui op]eris^ a 3. or 4. Miles [by 
Corne,] Pafture, and lum W[oode;] 

Thens over a ftone Bridge on Warfe to • ...... on 

WathtBng-Strcate a 6. Miles, and or ever I cam to this Fol * ,0 S- 
thorough fare I faw by the fpace of 2. or 3. Miles the very 
plavn Creft of Watheling-Streat. 

Thens by the ftrait Creft of WatheUng-Streat a 3. Miles or 
more, and then leving it on the righte Hond I went to Bro- 
therton (wher Thomas, Sunne to King Edward the firft, was 
borne, the Quene by chaunce laboring as (he went on Hunt- 
in^,) a 3. Miles : and then by a CauJev of Stone with divers 
Bridges over it to dreane the low Medow Waters on the 
lift Hand into Aire Ryver about a Mile to ivry-JJridge, wher 
the firft Lord Fitzguaher of the Radediffes was killid, flying 
from C*i4*i-felde. 

Then over /Vrjr-Bridge of vij. Arches, under the which 
rennith Aire. The thorough fare there is no great Thing 
but mctely wel buildid. 

•fay-Bridge about half a Mile from Pontfraftt. 

From jF[/rry-Bridg]e to Wentbridge [Miles, an4 

foe to] Dancajler [miles.] 

« Niddc goitbe jjrftUre, eorruptely there caullyd Oufe,*/>Nunn- 
monk a 14. My/ei, as the IVatar rennitbe from Gnarresburgh 
Tmvne. from Knaresbrughe over Nidd &c. St. Warres G. 
y De/nnth. 

l Vic. a tonnes. 3 wher. 

Ga [Ifawt 




ibo ' LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

[I fawe by certaine mjiles or I cam [to Dbncafler the 
« very] fi mayn [Crcft] ./.....• 

¥rom Daneajlcrto Roftngtdn Bridge df Tyihbre a 3. Miles, 
id by Champain Ground. 

Ther rennith a praty Broke thorough this Bridge, the 
Heddes wherof rifith of divers Springes by Welt. , 

Xdfington Chirch and Village is a Quarter of a Mile of apon 
an Hillet. 

From Rofington to Blith moft by woody Ground, part by 
Corne, Pafture, and Medow, a 5. Miles. 

There renne to Brookes as I cam into die very Toun of 
BKth. the firft that I cam over was the greatter, arid cum- 
taiithe thither from the Weftc : the other rennith hard by the 
utter Houfes of the * Toune ; and this, y as they told me," 
was namid Blith. I And, as I remembre v , it is tne very felf 
water that cummith from Werkenfop^ or els JVntehfop-'Wzxkt 
rennith into it. 

Both thes Waters mete togither 1 a title beneth Blithe to 

Medowes, and goitjh to Scra]hy Milles a 

2. Miles [lower.] Blithe is [but metelv builded. At the 
Eaft] ende of the [Town is the Churcn, wherein be noe 
tombes of noble-men.] 

{ I a$kid « of a Caftelle that I hard fay was fumtyme at 
Blith : but other anfwer I lemid not but that a litle or I cam 
ynto the Toune & ther apperith yn a wood fides token of an 
feuricierit Building." 

About a Mile beyond Blith I paffid by a Park caullid Hod- 
fak, wher Matter Clifton hath a fair Houfe. 

And a 2. Miles farther much by hethy and then woddy 
Ground I cam over a fmaul broke With a litle (tone Bridge 

4 very mayne Crefte of Wathelynge Strete. St. fi He means the 
Creft of Witheling-Streat. y Defunt B. e> Defunt B. • a title 
benethe Blithe Towne in the Medows t and goitheby Scroby Mills a a. 
Mils lower. The Market Towne */" Blithe is p ratify bnildyd. In the 
Priory at theft e ent of the Cburcbe are to be fene Graves of Noble Men. 
I askydofa Caftelle tec. St. towne in the Medowes, andgoeby Scroby 

. Mills about ttvoe Miles lower G. £ Sc&io ifta ita fe habet i#B, 
viz. I enquired a CafHe at Blithe % of which a litle afore I came into 
the towne appeared in a wood fyde token* of an anrient building. 
nforG. 9- ther appeared yn a wood fide tokens G. 

. •—— — p^^^^— — — 

1 towoe. 

over 



F0L106. 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 101 

over it : and fo ftrait i|ito Werkejt/bp 9 a praty market of a* 
Strcatcs and nietely welle buildid. 

There is a fair Park hard by it : and the beginninges of a 
fiur Manor Place of fquarid Stone yn the fame. 

The oldeCafteUe on a Hille by the Towne is dene downe 
and fcant knowen wher it was. 

This Toune, Caftelle and large Park longgid firft to the 
mLovetoUs, then, as Aim fay, to one of the Nevilles. 

Then were the ' Fumhaulx of certente owners there : and 
after the Talbot a. 

The Priorieof the Blak Chafnons] the[re] was a thing of 
£ [great building.] 

from Wirkenfofe I rode a lotjge by the Pale that environith 
the great Wood, caullid Rome-wood, by the Space of 2. 
Miles and more, and there I paffid over a Title Bridge, under 
the which rennith Wilebek-Wzter. Wile hath 2. Hedde 
Springes, whereof the one rifith not very far above Wilebek- 
Abbay. The bigger rifith farther of by Weft, and about 
Wilebek cum to one botom. The Abbay of Wilebek is aboute 
half a Mile on the righte Hond above the aforefaide Bridge. 
One Waulley hath bought this * Wood of the King, it long- 
gid, y as I hard," to Irerkenfop Priory. 

From this Bridge to Cukeney-ViWzge * about a Mile : and 
ther cam doun a Broke from Weft, reforting, 1 as one faide," 
to Wiltbeh Streme, or Wilebek to it. 

Thens a 2. Miles by Corne, Wood, and Pafture to Warfop 
Village, and there ran a Bek ; and this, as the other doith, 
refortith to Jfj^ir^-Strearac. 

Thens to JMaunfefeld 9 a pratv Market Toun of one Pa- 
roche, by like ground a 3. Miles: and there reqpith in the 
midle of \t a rilfc, ( and jn the bottome, as I rode out ... . 

................ Weft a 4. Miles [of] and fo 

it goith to * Clype/iop a 3. [miles lojwer and [fo to Rugbr'd 
Water.] #. if. 

« Levetofts, then to Fsurnhals, after to the Nevits, kftly to 
To/tot. The Priory &r. B. Lovetofes G. fi great bnildinges % and 
a place of Sepulture to the afore fayde Noble Mer\. St. y Defnnt B. 
i One Mile $. t Defitnt B. £ and in the bottom as I rode ont of 
the Towne, 4 praty Broke rifynge Weft 4. Miles efiSfo it goitie 
&c. St. \ (Jhippcfton in B. quo modo & infra. Cbipefton G. 

r FvraiYalr/ i^WoA.' IT.'B. The thite following Fol vit. 10?, 108, 109* 
bang mMpbced by Mr, Heme m the 18th, 39th, and 30th. ptjet of hi* 8th. Vol- 
arthotintori in th«u proper places. 

G 3 Fundat. 



102 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Tol. 107. Fundat. monafter. de Kirkham, Rivaubc & Wardsna \ 
• rmk f r & fucceffio Dominorum dc Ros. 

Ds. Walterus Efpek m\les ftrenuus duxit in a*. Adelinam, 
quapeperit ei unicum nomine Walterum, quipoftea lap/us equo 
ecrvtcem fregit prope parvam petrinam crucem verfus Frithby. 

Turn Walterus ex parte Chriflum ffatutns heredem confilio 
Gulielmi Gartonenfis recloris avunculi fid erexit monafter. eU 
Kirkham a . D. 1 122. & anno reg. Henr. i 1 . 22. ibiqueftatuit 
pradxclum Gul. primum Priorem, educatumvidelieet in monafter^ 
S. Ofwaldi. Gualterus Efpek dedit jus patronatus 7. eeclefia- 
rum per ipfum appropriatarum monafter. de Kirkham, W ter~ 
ras 9 redditus & poffejjiones ad fummam miUe 6f centum marca- 
rum in comit. Ebor. & Northumbr. 

Vixit Gualterus a fundat, monafter. de Kidcham 30. annis. 

Poftea fundavit monafter. de Rievalk annaD. 1131°. Deinde 
monafter. de Wardonavf 9 . D. 1 136. 

Grualterus obiitfine liber is. 
• Tresforores Gualteri x fa 

* Hawifia i*.foror nupfit Gulielmo Bully. 

Albreda 2. »«g^/NichoIao Traily. 

Adelina 3. nupfit Petro Ros. Sed Gualterus dedit Adelinae 
forori fiue inter cetera fpecialiter advocationem de Kirkham & 
3 Rieyalx. 

Gualterus veftem monacbicam accepit in monafter. Rieval- 
lenii, ubi poft biennium obiit : ibidem fepultus in oftio capituli 7 '. 
//.Mart, anno D. 1154. fi 19. Steph." 

Succeffio Dominorum de Ros. 

Petrus de Ros genuit ex Adelina Efpek Robertum de Ros. 

Petrus de Ros fepultus Rievalli. 

Robertus de Ros duxit in uxor em Sibyllam de Worlonge, £^ 
genuit ex ea Everardum de Ros. 

Everardus accepit quondam Rofiun in uxorem, & genuit 
Robertum de Ros diclum Furfan. 

Robertus diclus Furfan duxit in ux. Ifabellam filiam regis 
Scotise, & genuit ex ea Gul. de Ros. 
Fol. 10$. Robertus de Ros di£ius Furfan leveroit caftrum de Helmed 
ley, & de Wark, W Templariis dedit Ribefton, & poftea di- 
miftt terras fuas : & dedit Gul. filio fuo caftrum de Helmet- 
ley cum pertincntiis faf advocat: monafteriorum de Kirkham, 

« A manu Burtoni. fi A menu Burton!. 
1 paititx fant hertditttcm. St, % Hawifc. 3 lUevalvx. 

Rievalx 



LELAND'SITINERARY. io 3 

Rievalx if Wardon. Et dedit Roberto filio fuo eaftrum de 
Wexk cumpertinentiis if baronia in Scotia ad tenendum de Gul. 
/fvrfr/ £sT beredib. fuis perfirvitium militare. 

Poftea diclus Robertas Fxxrhn faclus eft templarius 9 if Lon- 
d\n\fepuJtus. 

GiuL A Ros dbxiY j* uxorem Luciam, if genult Robertum 
A Ros. 

Hie Gul.fepukus eft in monqfterio de Kirkham coram fummo 
abort. 

Robertas fiEus Gul. duxit in ux. Ifabellam her idem de Dau- 
beney, if genuit G\A.dtRoz. Hi c Robertas fepu/t us eft apud 
Kirkham in tumba marmorea. 

Gul. de Ros duxit in ux. Matildam de f ..... . 

nudietatii terrarum 

Joannis de Vaulx, if genult ex ea Gul. de Ros, if fepuhus eft 
in monqfterio de Kirkham in tumba marmorea ex parte boreali. 

delef 

Gvl.fiEus Gul. duxit in ux. Marionem de Baldefmere, if 
genuit ex ea Gul. Thoiriam, Margaretam if Matildam, if 
fepuhus eft apud Kirkham in maufileo lapideojuxta mag. altare 
ex parte auftrali. 

Gul. duxit in ux. Margaretam filiam DK Radulphi Ne- 
ville, qui moriebatur in terra fancla fine bercdej if ibidem 
fepelitur. 

Thomas frater Gul. fuecefftt 9 if duxit in ux. Beatricem 
filiam Radulphi eomitis Stafford ; & genuit ex ea Joannem, 
Gul. Thomam, Robertum, Elifabeth if Margaretam. 

Hie Thomas obiit apud Uffington, if fepuhus eft Rievalli. 

Joannes fiEus Thorn* duxit in ux. Mariam de Orbe, foro- 
rem eomitis Northumbr. qui deeejfit fine berede mafculo apud 
Cipres verfus terram /anelami ifjepuhus eft Rievalli. 

G\A. fuccejjitfratrt fuo Joanni, qui duxit in ux. Margaretam 
filiam D'u Joannis de Arundelle, if genuit Joannem, Tho- Fol. 109. 
mam, Robertum, Gul. if Richardum, Beatricem, Aliciam, 

id 
Margaretam if Elifabeth. Hie Gul. obiit apud Belverum i°. 
d. Sept. anno D. 1314. if fepuhus eft ibidem in medio cbori 
prioratus. 

Joinnesfuccej/it Gul. tatri if duxit in ux. MagareUm, ///*;» 

if beredem PhiHppi de Spenf er : qui Joannes obiit in Francia 

fine berede de corpore fuo \ cum auo obiit Gul. f rater ejus in 

-vigMaPafeb* a*. DK 1421. qui Joannes fepuhus eft apud Bel- 

verumjuxtapatrem fuum. 

I Vaulx heredcmSf. 

G 4 Thomas 



104 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Thomas fuceoj/kfratri Gul. tf dux. in «*» Alenoram)Hf<?jjp 
D*. Richardi de Belloeampo comitit Warmcij ex qua genuit 
Thomam, qui natus oft o. die Septembris anno D. 1427. QT 
anno Henrici 6 1 . 6«. Hit Thomas habuit in ux. Phriippam 

i m . filiam Z)i. Joannis do 1 firori comitis * 

Wigorni Thomas /#***> ix foe Phil ippa 

Edmundum de Ros, Alenoram, Ifabcliam, Margaretam of 
Joannam. Thomas oHit afud cqftrum . . . . anno D. 146 1 . 

Edmundus ofcit fine prole anno D. 1508. * 23. mti^r Odobr. 
Ufipukus eft in Eccl.iarocb. di Endefel'd. 

Elenora 1*. filia Thomae de Ros nupjit Roberto Maners 
xiiliti, & genuit Gcorgium, Edwardum, EKfabeth & Caeci- 
liam. 

Gcorgius dux. in ux. Annam filiam Annae ducijpe de Ex- 
cefter &P Thomae Sellingcr miHtis. Sht* Anna duciffa fuit 
fir or regis Edwardi 4*. 

Diclus Georg. genuit ex Anna Thomani, Oliverum, An- 
tonium, Richardum, Joannem, Elizabeth, Catarinam, 
Elenoram, Caeciliam, Annam. 

Gcorgius exiftens in bello cum 4 Henrico contra Francos *r- 
cepit gravem infirmitatem^ & obiit anno D*. 15 1 3. fipultus* 
ni in ecclefta monialium. 

Patronatus Abbat. & Prior. Thorn* comitis de Rutheland* 
Ktrkham Prior. 
Rievalx Abbat. 

Wartre Prior, canon, or. 8. Aug. 
Beauvoir Prior, monach. 
Freftan Prior, monach. 
Newfted Prior, monach. 
Irford Prior, monial. 
Domus Carmelitarum in Bofton. 
Domus fratrum her emit, in Novo Caftro. 
EccU CoUeg. do Bolton in Alendalc in Northumbr. 
Wardon Abbot. 
a 

Fenteney Prior, or. S. Aug. 

Domus Carmel. in Blakeney. 

Suteley. 

Domus Carmel. inCantebr. 

Domus fratrum Pr*dic. in Linne. 

1 Tiptote St. % Vtgomie * hereto tertuepMtis temrumfafum. St. jt *«. 

Cumming 



irBL^^iys itinerary, m 

CumpfMi« out of the Tow? viMwfifiM wiit^rn * Ifcte FoL tl * 

W4y I WflW PW % Bfopjce thaf regnith vn dip Yfde Jwi 
by if. Thjt9ro^jpi|i$ha3.Hiljtji|)yWOTaW«^Tpuii 
at Jfyafquftld z and a 3. Mijes lower gQith by « Ptyp>tJ?on 9 9a 
Iharde, 

Soone aftpr I enterifl, yfjthyn the (race of a M«Je or leife, 
ynto fhc very thik of the woddy Foreft of Sfcnwed, «phqr ys 
great Game of Deere. And (o I jode 4 v. Myles ii) (the y^ry 
Wpddy Qrounde of the Forpft, and fo to a litle por? freat a 
1 thorough fare at die Ende pf this \Y00c). 

A litle or I cam to the Ende of this Woodde I left about 
a Quarter of a Mile on the right bond die Ruine? oflfnu- 
JlfSf a Priory of Chanpns. 

By this Ntwftedt rennith Lint Ryver, that quapjiith after 
to Zijpfejr-Abbay, and thefts tq Nottngham % and a litle beneth 
Notingham ynto Trent. 

Ff ofn {he /ft thorough y f . • • rj? fayde I rood over a Jow 
ground [like a Mpofe ljy] tjie fpflpe of h$lf a Mile, an4 cum- 
njing to highe g[rpund, and fomewtiat] ip fight by hillipg I 
poifid a Mfte, and tnen 1 1 roode by a mighty gfptf Parkby 
the fpace almoft of a 3. Nijles. 

This Park is caul lid Beskewood, ajifi longitb to fte Caftelle 
JU>4 Lordfliip of NoUngfjam. 

Tfrens I paffid by ii. pr 3. Hilk$ • by the £ Mountenauncp 
of " a 2. Miles, and fo to Notingham. 

Nrtiugbam is booth a large Toun and welle buildid for 
Tymber and Plafter, and ftandit}* ftately 04 a n clynjjige 

The Market Place and Streate both for the Building on the 
fide of it, for the very great Widenes of the Streat, an4 the 
S dene paving of it, is the moft faireft * without Exception of 
AlngUmit. 

There be 3 # Parodies Chirches ; but the Chirch ofS. 

^ n mi 1 j ■ j ^^-^y . .>. .. i .. . ' 

« Vide paullo fuperius. Ciypefton G. Voces autem as I harde abfunt 
a B. /t thorough fayrefayde St, 8c §. y Sic ex Atttographo/fp/if 
lacerate. Adeo ut nan in prompt u fit dicer e utrum fare fayde vel 
fore Jayde fcribi deb eat. quomoiocunque legator, vox certe dejtdera- 
bitnr. Atqnt Mud fenfit fcrJptor exemjdaris Bartontani. Nam i//e f 
From die fcyd through fare, J rode, f Defunt B. • Defiderantur 
in B. { Mounteuanee, cum fez punftii fubterpofif ia, in G- * Cli- 
V*& fit Cb m !*i G * $ elf** decijb G. < Paroch Churches, St. 
Mary 9 St, Peter. St. Nicholas, St. ikforjr is excellent S. St.Peter f 
WSc. Nicholas awaJfo added W the Msrgui of .GjJ^ Copy. ' 

i through. * i withowt. 



106 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Mary is excellent," [newe] and untfcrme jrn Work, and fo 
[many] fair Wyndowes yn it that [no] artificer can imagine 
N. in. to ict mo ther. [South] Ward as to the Water fide be great 
Clifes and Rokkes of Stones, that be large and very good to 
build with, and many Houfes fette on the Toppes of them ^ 
and at the Botom of them be great Caves wher many Stones 
hath bene diggid out for BuUdinges yn the Toune, « and 
thefe Caves be partely for Cellars and Store Houfes. 

fi Ther hath beene 3. Houfes of Freres, y as I remembre,* 
whereof 2. ftoode toward the Weft of the Townc and no* 
far from the Caftelle. 

The Towne hath >be meately welle wallid with Stone, 
and hath had dyvers Gates, much of the Waul b now down 
and the Gates laving 2. or 3. 

There is no fuburbe over the Stone Bridge of 1 a Arches 
over Line on the South fide of the Toune. 

£ And % loke as the Towne and the Ground that it ftondith 
onS- and # . . . . that is about it by North is highe, « fo the 
Ground .... the South fide w . . . • ut die t .... is a 

play n low med. • . .g e but title £. . . . ." 

|Q» I have written yn a fmaul peace of Papire certayne other 
notable Thinges of ■ Notingbam. 

The Caftelle of ffotingbam ftondith on a rokky Hille as on 
the Weft fide of the Towne : and Line Riveret goith by the 

Rootcsofit. 

* . . 

« Leg. ut in St. & G. and tbefe Caves be partly nfydfor dwell- 
ynge Howfes, and partely for Cellars and Store Howfes 1 for fome- 
thing is torn out of the Original, fi Ther both beene &c] In the 
Marg. of St. is written ; Gray and Whin Friars, y Dtfunt B. I bene 
St. & G. Againit this Paragraph thefe words (viz. John's Hefpitall 
was without tbe Towne) arc written in the Marg. of Mr. Stowe's 
Tranfcript. 1 So in tbe Original, witb a /pace Jbewing tbat tbe 
number of Arcbes is wanting. But in B. 'tis Bridge of Arches. 
{ Tbis Paragraph is thus exprefs'dtn Mr. Burton'/ Copy, viz. A* 
the North fyde of the towne is high, foe the South fyde is a plaine 

lowemedo we ground, that at reae but litle Line nlike 

G. & and tbat tbat is &c. fo all tbe Grownd on tbe Sowtbe fyde 
witbeout tbe Towne is a playne lowe Medow Grownd, whereat renne 
but litle Lins and Trent Ryver. I have writen &c. St. * Ntn eft 
fpatium in G. xfo all tbe Ground on tbe South Side without tbe 

Towne, is a plaine low Meadowe Ground tbat aft 

. . . . I have written G. 

i Netichasu 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 107 

There is a great likelihod that the Caftelle was buUdid of 
Stones taken owt of the « Rokke and the great Diches of it. 

The Bafe Court is large and metly ftronge. 

And a ftately Bridge is there with Pillers bering Belles and 
Giantes over the Diche into the fecund Warde : the £ fron- 
ter of the which Ward in the Entering is exceding ftronge 
with Toures and y Pojtecoleces. 

Much Part of the Weft fide of this inner Ward as the Haul 
and other Thinges be yn Rubies. 

The Eft fide is ftronge and well tourrid,. 

And fo is the South fide. M- « '*• 

But the imofte bewtifulleft Part and gallant Building for 
lodgyng is on the Northe fide, wher Edward the 4. began a 
right fumptuus pece of Stone Work, of the which he clerely 
fiiuchid one excellent goodly Toure of 3. Hightes yn Build- 
ing, and brought up the other Part likewife from tne Foun- 
dation with Stone and mervelus fair cumpacid 1 Windoes to 
lawng of the firft foyle for Chambers and ther lefte. 

Then King { Richard his Brother as I hard ther forcid up* 
apon that Worke another Peace of one Lofte of Tymber, 
making rounde Wyndowes alfo of Tymbre to the Proportion 
of the aforefaid Wyndoes of Stone a good Fundation for the 
newe Tymbre Wyndowes. So that furely this North Part 
is an 9 exceding Pece of Worke. 

The Dungeon orKepe of theCaftel ftondithby South and 
Eft, and is exceding ftrong fcf natura loci & optrt. Ther is 
am old fairChapelle and a Welle of a gret Depthe. And 
there is alfo a * Chochlea with a Turret over it, wher the Kfe- 
pcrs of the Caftelle fay Edwarde the thirdes Band cam up 
* thorough the Rok and & toke the Erie Mortymer Prifoner". 
Ther is yet a fair ftaire to go < downe by the Rok to the Ripe 
of Line. 

There be diverfe Buildinges bytwixt this Dungeon and the 
ynner Court of* the Caftelle. and ther goith alfo dounea ftair 
ynto the Grounde, a wher Davy Kinge of Scottes, p as the 
Caftellanes fay," was kept as a Prifoner. 

* 

« Rockcs B. fi Front for Fronter in G. y Portcnleces B. Porte- 
culeces .G. i mofte deeft B.kG. 1 Windowes to laying the firft Scite 
for Chambers, and then left G. £ Richard 3 . forced up B. n ixced- 
J*g'f a y r ' ***** St. Exceeding faire peicel. &T G. 9- Took Mor- 
timer E. March Prifoner B. * downe through the Rock G. * /**/ 
G. a Here B. fM Defeat B. 

— • • * 

1 Chodfa. atboroug. 

I markid 



iq8 LELAND'&ITINERARY. 

I m^lfid in al 3. Chapclles yn tfa Caftrfle and 3. WcUes. 

The Jjtle Ryver of £19/ and the great ftrpni of fr<"t* pum 
Fol. 113. nere together in the Medowe on &£ South ffdp of thp *f own : 
and when any £and waters cum doune, much of the V ale 
^pd ]^leclowi$ tjier bp over floyven. 

^Tbe gfpat Stfeamp offr^fe and ike great SjidgP Qver it 
with . . . . Arches of Stoone it not paft a y. flife Shottcj 
from the JJri^ge of Line hard on the South fide of Nottingham. 

Line Ryver goith in the Medowes 3 title beneth Notingbam 
•ynto 7jvnf. 

D^riy is a xij. Miles from Notimrhanu and at « Sawlafery 
almoft in die Mi41e lyay is a ftone Bridge with a Caufey and 
many Archps partelv qver thp very Gutte of Trent, apd partely 
for cumming tp 4 Bridg by the y ftfcdqes fof ryfinges of tbp 
Trent. 

Bytuixt the Bridge pver T rent yPYW Notinghpm onto 
Newark Bridg that is xij. Miles of [jsjj riQne, s [npr any] from 
Newark to th[e Mouth pf Trent but] >.*."... f affage a) by 
1 [Ferries.] 

From Nottingham to Leircefterxiru Miles. 

From Nstingham to jB/w 1 a xij. long Miles. 

Firft I paffid by low Medowe and nun Morifch Groipde 
by the [pace of a 3. Miles, and then by other j. Miles by an 
highe foile but not hilly, and about this j. Miles End I cap 
to a pratyBrqjee or Hyveriet^ caullid * Mjte > that rifith above 
that Place a yj. Miles or more by Wefte, and thens goith 
an eight Mil;es lower into Trent not far above Newark- 
Towne* 

And cumming nere toward Mitt Brooke, I lefte about a 
Mile on the litte Honde ^ JftqQon* Village in Notingbam- 
JHre* wher Thomas Cranmere, Archebisfhop of Cantorbyrt\ 
was born, and where die Heire of the Crammers a Man fcant 
of xl. $ 4 Marks landesby the Yere now dweilith. 

« Swaley Ferry G. Sawcley-ferrey si. # The Bridge B. y Me- 
dowes for rifinj of Trent B. fNo points after but in St. and G. 
.§ afixteem long Miles G. fecua ac in Auu& St. f caullid Myte 
Broke G.and foin theMirg. of theOrig. « AJU8ouG. This word 
is added by Mr. Burton. But in his Copy given to the Bodlcjan U r 
brarytbe tran/criber has written it Aua&m, hotb in the Text and 
Jfiargin. $ rounds for Marks in G. 

1 mi none St. a Ft without the Crotchett. JFerrit & 3 Plaj* Mite Broojt 
iatbeMaifuioppofitff tp Myte in the Tort. 4 Maxk-laadc hy the Yens. 

Then 



ibj 



LElAfrbSlTlftfekARY; 

T^fa paring i i. Mifes by fa&bty tygh and good fovlc I 

aWib4tUl4«fck\i!lid. ,. ,/Thehs4.g6bd Miles 

tB frever, rWJrtitV by Marfch, • MeT dbWe, ahd Pafture, 

0^^%to/h to Bebfr all by ** Champainc ground.] 

The Caftdle of BelleMire rtandith yn the utter part/3 that Fol. 114. 
*a£ of Uirtferjbfr, on thfe very KnirJe of an highe ttille, 
fte^fe tip echle way, pirtfely by nature, partely by working of 
Mennes Hirides, 46 it may evidently be y perceyvid wither 
thet were any Caftelle tner afore the Conqueft or nb. I am 
fibk ftlrt, but furely I think fathetr no then ye. 

t Toferneius was the Sfirft Eiihibiker there after the Conqueft. 

Theh it cam to AlbeHeius. 

And from Jlheney to Ros. 

1 * OF this Defcent and of the Fouhdation £ of the Priory 
in die Village at the Caftelle (bote I have writen a Quirt fe- 



The Lord Ros tdke ICing Rent) khe yj. parte agayn King 
Edwdrtky whferafkm the Lbrd ityfc * Landes 3- as confifcate 
King Edward pre .. , . . ling, and Believer Caftelle . . . • 
ih kepihg to the Loiti Ha/. ... the which cumming * thither 
apofa a tjfaie to perufe the GroUnd, artd to lye in the Cartel, 
was fodenlv repellid by Mr. Haringtm, a Man of Poure ther- 
about, aha freiide to the Lord Kofi. Wherapon the Lord 
Ha/Hnges cam thither another tyme with a ftrong poure, and 
apon a raging wylTe fpoilid the Caftelle, defacing the Rofes, 

« camllid % andtbens $. good Miles St. /3 Of that way B. y There 
is no Point in the brig. But I chink it (hould be diftingnilhed thus, 
as in tGalc : perayvid. Wither tber were any Caftelle tber afire 
tbeXbnqueft % or no, 1 am not fure ; but furely &c. ^Totenehis B. 
I Of this Defcent &c] Againft this Paragraph ih the Marg. of the 
Orig. is written: hike fol. oB. fr * cedent i. £ in for of in G* 
n Landes ft ode as conftfcate King Edward prevaylynge, and Believer 
Caftelle teas put in Oping to the Lord Hillings, the which St. Landes 
werefeizid ahd ceufifcated to Edward the fourth prevailing, and 
BeMevoir Cafile was given in keeping to the Lord Haftinges, the 
which G. d- Were fetfcd as connTcate to King E. 4. prevailing, 
and Beheir Caftle was geven in keeping to the L. Haftinges % the 
which coming B. t there G. 

f Mtdmo and Can Gr. Without the Crotchets. Medow tod Corne Ground St. 
% ompaine ground without Crotchet! . after which add in fite. From Notyngham to 
BeraaJJ by Champion grownd in Syte. St. 3 place Ioke fol. oft. prccedentlln the 
Marpnopponte to Descent* 

and 



jio LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

• and ■ taking the Leades of them, wher* 

The Lord HaflingiS carved with they were al coverid. Then felle 

much of this Leade to Afcheby alle the 'Caftelle to Ruine, and the Tym- 

it la Zoucbcy wher he much bre of the Rofcs onkeverid rottid away, 

buildid. and the (bile betwene the Waulles at 

the laft grue fill of Elders, and no ha- 
bitation was there tyl that of kite dayes the Erie of Rutland 
bath made it fairer then ever it was. It is a ftraunge fighte to 
fe be how many fteppes of Stone the way goith up from the 
Village to the Cartel. In the Caftel be 2. faire Gates. And 
the Dungeon is « a fair rounde Tour now turnid to pleafure, 
as a place to walk yn, and to fe al the Countery aboute, and 
raylid about the round [wall,] and a garden [platte] in the 
midle. 

There is /s a Welle of a grete Depth in the Caftelle, and 
Fel. 115. the Spring therof is very good. 



The Lorde Haftinges likewife fpoiled y Stoke-Dawbeney, a 
goodly Maner Place of the Lorde Rafts .... Miles from 
Stanford^ J as I remembre," yn 1 Rutbelandy and caryid part 



of it alfo to JJfcbeby dt la Zoucbe. 

The vale of Bever, baren of Wood, is large and very 
plentiful of good Corne and Grafle, and lyith in 3, Shines, 
JLeyce/ler 9 Lincoln^ and much in Notingbamflirt. 

The Erie of Rutheland hath in exchaunge for other Landes 
of the Kinges Croxton-Abbzy 2. Miles of. and a Commaun- 
dery that Tonggid to S. Johns toward Ntwarky caullid the 
Egfe> wher is a very praty manor place. But I gefle that it 
ftondith low and foule. 

From Beavoire Caftelle to Croxton 2. Miles, and from 
Croxton I rood a 6. Miles farther £ into a litle through fare 

caullid . . , by good [Paf ]ture and Corn 

Grounde, 9 [but] • . • and litle Woode 

[Then] I rode a 6. [Miles farther by] 

Grounde, and there I enterid to the Cawfey 

of WatbeUng-Streate* that there goith betwixt Anktfter and 
Staunfordt: and thens a 3. Mile to Cq/ltlltfordt-Bridge &il' 

* a very fair rounde G. /8 alfoe G. y Stoke de Albanye B. 
? Dofunt B. 1 Northamptonshire in marg. a manu Burtoni. Etju 
in Jpograpbo, quod Bibliotbeca Bodlej. donevit. £ to for into\n G. 
4 but all Cbampaine and litle Wood, fbtn I rode a 6. Miles fartbar 
by like Ground, &c. St. 

1 takyng. 

apon 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY: hi 

apon the great Crefte of Watheling-Streate, by champaine 
Ground, Corn, andGras, but li tie or no Woqde. 

Under ' CaftetUforde Bridge of 3. Arches of Stone rennith 
a praty brooke. I can take it to be no other broke but Wafcb % 
that cummith oute of RutbeUmd/hiri, and not far beneth 
Stamford goith into Weland-Kyvtu 

From Ca/ltfird-Bridgc to Stanford ftil on the Creft of 
WatbeEng-ftrete a Mile. 

After that I paffid out of Stanford I could not welle finde 
die Crefte of Jratbeling-Streate : but it went thens to Wedan 
in the Streat, « Touceter> and, as I take it, to Stratford^ Dun-* 
fiabU and S. A&anes. 

[From] Stanford to Coty-Wefton 2. [Miles] and a half by 
champayn Ground. 

From Coty-JFeflon to Dene mofte by Chaumpaine Ground, 
[Corne, fi * and Graffe.] 

From Dene to Foderingey moft by Wood thorough a Parte m, ii6/ 
rf Roieinfbam-Fore&e a o. Miles. 

Fromroderingey to Undale, a Market Toun, 2. Miles. 

Thens thorough fborp- Watermil to a Village caullid • • • 

wher the Kine dynid in a meane Houfe 34. or y 5/ 

albyChaumpain, good Corn, and Greffe. 

Thens a ix. Miles to Laytcn in Huntingdon/bire by like 
Grounde, 

Thens to t Hsgbam-Ferrans by like Groujide an 8. Miles. 

And thens by like Grounde a 6. Miles to 

wher Mr. S. Join dwelHth, in a right pratie Manor Place, 
motid, wher I few in the Paroche Chirch an old Tumbe with 
an Image in the Quire Waulle. Sum think that it was one 
of the Sreujis. for arewfis wer ons owners of that Manor. 

From thens to Bedford by m[uch] like Ground an 8. 
f [Miles] [to]2to#Wthcrwas 

S. Patties in Bedeford is the principal Chirch of the Town, 
and was afore the Conquefte a College of Prebendaries, and 
after ontyl the Foundation of Newenbam-Priory> fcant a Mile 
beneth 1 Bedeford, on Ufe Ryver. The Prebendaries had 

* Towcefler, Sfony~Stratford 9 Dun ft able and St. Albans B. fk and 
Greffe 6. Miles from Dene St. y Adde Miles cum B. 8c G. 
i Higham- Ferrers B. • Miles, but nere to Bedforde tbert teas fume 
good Wood. Seint Pawls St. 

t CajkUdbrd. a ami Grot without Crotchets. 3 Bedford. 

their 



ti* LELaND'S itiKtkAkv, 

fteir Howfes' about* die Circuit* df the Chirtfa of S. Ptok } 
of the which the Najhes of 1. Prebetttfter itttiaftifc, arid 
Houlte longginfe. to them* though thcvr StauHes be Ih Lin- 
tpto. Roifia, Wife to Paganus tie AeUo Camfo, trartllatid the 
College of the Chanoris irregulars ototo Mwtnham, * Col* 
lege of Chanons regular. 

Simon de BeBo Comply Sonne to Paganus and Robifia, con- 
fVmid and performid the « Ade of his Mother. He lyidi 
afore the high Altare of S. Andb Chirrh in Bedford with this 
. Epitapfae graven in Bras and fet on a flat Marble Stone : 

De BeBo Campojatet hicfub mormon Simon 

Fundator de Newenhata. 



Paganus de fi Belle had the Barony of Bedford geven 1 
hym after the Condufeft of King Wjlliemu 

Roifia, Wife to Pagane, made the Prior ie of Cbiifand> and 
there was &e buried in the Chapitre Houfe. 
FoL 117. C^fcttv/k-Priory a * litte without Bedrforde, and a litle 
louer theh it apon Ufi rita y titer, was of the Foundation of 
one of the Beambampes alfo. 

And the Barohy of Bedford^ with die Caftdk of Bedford* 
as the place of the Inhabitation of the Bewcbaumpe*, itrAayhM 
ill the Name omylle that Faleafius de Brent had the Caftelle 
and much Rule there in John Dayes and partely in Homy die 
«£• tyrVie. 

t And as I remember I redde in one Place that" this 3 Pre- 
fcrreAient cam to Faleafius by a Manage. 

But after that Faleafius and his 4 Brethren icbbeUid again 
King Henry the $. he toke the Caftel of Bedford*, and threw 
it dotm, gyving the fork therof to one of die BeaiubampoSy 
to whofo h appertaynSd by taherifaunce. 

At die ratte the Beauebampes Landes for laic tof Heiros 
Males 1 [came] to 3. ( Doughters one of ... . 

Beauehaimfres wh ...... t ...... „ deft wfe 3fory 

w 

k -/# J* for AQe in St. £ Ormpo jraV/t B. r jfar/r* for titer. 
in $/. and fo above the Line in G. Dextra ftribitur fufra liu. & 
fit quidem in B. J Dejunt B. 1 <v*«r* te 3. Dewgbtars of one oftbe 
Bcaucbaumps. where of the eldeft was marie J to the Lord Mulbray. 
The herd Latimer Hfc . St. to tie Lord Mowbray G. { Daughters 
and Heircs, whereof the cldefr was married to the L. Mewdraje B. 
nde rd.vnlfd.yi.b. 



1 about, a titd. 3 Pi e fe f it m m . 4 1 

The 



LELAtfD'S ITINERARY. . fr| 

The Lorde LZiimer « bouth the Landes 6f the fecund fitter, 
She hrvid, as fum fay, caltbs. 

Tne thirde was maried to one Straunge. And Straunget 
Part, for lak of Heyre Male, cam after onto 2. Doughters, 
wherof Pigote maried the one, and Patejbulle the other. 

And a receof ■ PateJbuPs Parte is fyns curn to S.John, the 
beft of that name in * Bedford/hire. 

Boothe the Hofpitales in Bedefordt Town were of the Fun- 
dation of the Towries Men oi Bedford. 

The Townes Men of late Dayes for bringgine their Fee 
ferine £ of Btdford? from xl/i . by the Yere to xxli. gave the 
Title and Patronage of one of the Hofpitales to Sir Keignald 
Bray : and now a late by that meanes it is brought into meere 
pofleffion of the Lord Bray. 

From Bedeford to Cq/ltUe-MilU a 2. Miles, partely by Pa- FoL 118. 
fture and Come, y and partely I by. 

A litk by Wefte from this Myfle upper on the Ryver be Jijj** - 
tokens wher a large Caftelle hath beene ; but there apperith Caft ** 
Ao maner of Part of Building, but it is eafi to fe wher the 
Area of the Caftelle was, and the great round Hille wher 
the Keepe or Dungeon ftoode is clene hole, and at this tyme 
there grouith many 1 nigh Busfhes on it. and there is a mighty 
flxonge arid ufid borow for £ Greys or Foxes. 

And about a Mile from thens, as the Millar fayed,, is in a 
Charrtpain large Jeld toward North a Diche and an Hille, 
wher be Hkelihod was fum Pile or Forterefs. yet, as the Prior 
oiNewenbam told me, it was in the way betwixt Bedford and Nndmuu 
S. Neotes. 

As far as I can lefne this Cartel bv Caflelle-Milli was the 
Lorde Beauchaumpes, Baron of Bedeford \ but when it fell 
totally 9 inel have not yet lernid. 

I now make Conje&ure rather that it was Efpekesj founder 
of Wardon-Abbay in • Bedforde{hire y and Rojfes his 3- Heires. 
It was a peace of the Lanafes of War don [Abbey.] 

Mr. Goftewik is Lorde of the Caftelle-Myfle, and the 
Cafteile-Garth. he bought it of the King. It was longging 
Co the late fuppreflid Abbay oiWardon in ' Bedefordjhire. 

m Bought B. fi ofBedforie defiant G. y and fartefy by defunt 
St. Sc G. i'Dfeft. vox. Niefupplet B. in quo and partely by iefiit- 
rantur. % rough G. £ Greys and Foxes. St. n Lege, to ruine, ut 
in G. B- It a Autographon. Heire in B. 

wm_ ... . 1 1 "* 

. 1 PataAul. a Bedfordc&irc. \ Bedcfofddhire* 

Vol. I. H The 



xi4 LELAND'SITINBtRAHY. 

The Ryyer of « Hufe againe the Caftelle brekith into 3, 
Partes, and doling agayne a litle beneth the Mylle makith an 
Ifldand. 

The Idler ftreame fcrvith the Mil. I paffid fiift by a 
Bridge of Wood over this Anne. 

And by and by over the mayne Streame of EJJfc-Ryver by a 
Timber Bride* 

And heere I lernid of the Millar that there was but another 

Bridge of Tymbreon Ufe zt betwixt the Mylle 

and S. Neoies. 

After that I had paffid over bothe thefe Bridges I enterid 
onto fumwhat low ground, where were very fair Medowes 
and Paftures, and fo fi Itf/lington-Vilfoge diitant about half a 
Mile from Caftelle- Mylle. 

The Village fclf of WilUngten is commodiuflv fet in a fair 
gravdj Ground and fair Wood in Aim Places about it. It y 
longgid to the Beaucbavmpes Barons of Bedefenfe [and] fins it 
Fol. 119* [came] in Partition to the Lorde MouWray of Axbolme. 

Mr. Goftewik beyng borne mWillingtoun boute this Lorde- 
(hip of the Duke of rforthfolk now lyving, and hath made a 
fumptuus new Building of Brike and Tymbre afitndamentisin 
it, with a Conduft of Water derivid in Leade Pipes. 

There was not veiy far J from the Place wher now Mr. 
Goftewike hath buildid an old Manor Place, wher in tymes 
pafte fum of the Moulbrays lay for a ftarte. Now it is dene 
doune : but the Place is x notablely feene wher it was. 

Mr. Goftewike hath purchacid there befide JVUEngton a v. or 
vj. Lordefluppes mo. 

From WiUington to AntehiUe-Ci&tMt a xij. Miles, almoft 
al by Chaumpayn Grounde, part by Come, and * part by Pa- 
fture, and fum Daren hethy and fandy Ground. 

About the Caftelle felf and the Toune of AntehiUe is faire 
Wood. 

The Caftelle and Town of AntehiUt with diverfe fair 
Lordlhippes th[erea]bout longgidfto the L. Fanbope> a] man 

[ofgreatrenownein theRaigneofK. //, 5. tand] . • 

This Lorde Fannope buildid this Caftelle as it is now ftonding 
ftately on an Hille, with a 4. or 5. faire Towers of Stone in 

m Ufe G. Ufe B. £ To WiUington Villigc B. y lengeth G. 
I from the Place (tober now Mr. Goftewike batb buildid) an old &c« 
G. t and Henry tbefyxte. St. 

1 aoubdjr* ipaxtebypfcfhut* 

the 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ir 5 

the inner Wardc, befide the Bafle-Courte, of fuch fpoiles as 
it is (aide that he wanne in Fraunct. 

It apperith by the Erie wyndow in the Chapelle withyn 
the Caftelle of AnthilU that he maried yn a Noble Blood : « 
as I remembre" {he was fi the" Duches of y Exceflre. it may 
chaunce that the manage of her was a great Caufe of the 
fumptuus Building there. 

This Lorde Fannope lyith at the Blake Freres in London, 
t as I have lernid," and his Wife on the right Hand of hym 
and a Childe. 

How the Lorde Gray of Ruthin cam to this Caftelle and 
Landes * about it, I have hard thefe Thinges folowing told 
for a verite. 

In the tvme of the Civile • War betwixt King Henry the 
[vi.] and King Edwarde the [iv. the]re was a [Battaile] 
taught [hard without the South Suburbes of Northampton*] 
The Lorde Fannope tooko totally King Henry's Parte. Fol, no. 

The Lorde Gray of Ruthine did the fame in Countenance. 

But a Htle afore the feeld he pradifid with King Edward, 
£ other faying that he had a Title to the Lorde Fannopes 
Landes at Antthil and there aboute, or depraving hym with 
falfe Accufations fo wrought with Kirfg Edwarde^ that he 
with * al his ftrong band of Walfchemen felle to King Ed- 
tvardes Part, apon rromife that if Edwarde wan the feeble he 
9- {haul have AnUhll and fuch Landes as Fannope had there. 

Edwarde wan the Feclde, and Gray opteinid AntehilU cum 
pertinentiis : and ftil encreafing in * favour with King Ed- 
warde was at the lafte made by hym Erie of Rente. 

But wither the Lord Fannope were ilayn at [thisjfeeldeor 
no I am not fure. 

The Market Town of [AntehilT] is praty « and wel . . . . 

diftant from the Caftelle : part of it ftandith 

» on x Hille, but the raoft and the beft Parte in a Valley. 

There rennith a Broket, p as I remember," by the Eft pare 
of the Towne. 

* Defunt B. Deeft B. y E reghne h*c adpofuit B. qua? defunt 
in Autograpbo : Eliz. Daught. of John D. of Lancajier, Widowe 
of John HettanJD. of Exeter, t Defunt B. t Warres B. { Idem 
quod either, ut fcf alibi, other deeft in G. n al decft G. 9- Jbould 
G. Should B. t and well favoriily huildyd 9 and is a quartar of a 
Mylt dyftant St. * on a Hille St. U G. x The Hille B. p De- 
funs B. 

l aboute. 2 favor, 

H 2 From 



ii6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

From Anuhill to DuneflapU a x. Miles, « or more/ Firft 
I paffid partely by ' woddy Ground and Enclosures, but after 
mofte parte by champaine Grounde, andaboute a %. Miles 
from Duncftapk by h& I toke thorough a fair Uplandifch 

Toune caullid and thens to, Mergate al by 

Chaumpaine, but for the mofte parte fertile of Come, a vj. 
Miles. 

Mergate was a Nunnery of late $ Tvme. it ftandith on an 
Hil in a faire Woode hard by IVatbchng-Streate on the Eft 
fide of it. Humfrey Boucher , bafe Sunne to the late Lorde 
Burners^ did much Cofte in tranflating of the Prior ie into a 
Maner Place : but he left it nothing endid. 

Thcr is a title South of the Priorie a long thorough fare on 
Fol. i - 1. Watheling-Streate meately welle buildid for low houfing. 

About the Midle of this Town I paffid half a Mile by 
hilly Ground as in the beginning of Cbilterne y and ther I faw 
in a praty Wood fide S. Leonardos on the lifte Hand, fcant 
half aMde of toward North Wek Wher of late tymewas 
a Priorie of Nunnes. 

Matter Page the Knight hath it now in Exchaunge for 
Landes of his in Sutberey about the Quarters of Hampton- 
Courte. 

Mafter Page hath tranilatid the Houfe, and now much 
lyith there. 

So.forthe by Chiltern-Hilks and Woddes a 4. Miles and a 

half to wher the Lorde of Darby hath a praty 

Maner Place of Tymbre. 

And or I cam to this Village I rode over a litle Brooke that 

cummithynot very for of on the of Cbiltenu- 

Hilles and re[nneth neer] to Langeley where 

were dwelling. 

Thens by Cfe'Zfcra-Hilles Jand n baren, woody, and feme 
Ground for the mofte parte, the foile waxing chalky and 
fl'nty, as al Chiltern ys, 1 a 3. to Barkhamflede* 

Wher is an old large Caffelle in a Roote of an Hille ftond- 
ing fum what low, and environid with a Mote, to the which', 
as Icoulde perceyve, part of the Water of the Ryver there 
hard by * dothe reforte. 

* Defunt B. /3 Tymes 0. y net very far of out ^Chikerne 
Bills, and re forty the to Langeley where the Friers tner dweityng, and 
aftarinf . . /. . 7 bens by Chiltern-////£ and baren ; St. 4 Deeft 
B. i about three Miles G. 

i.wooddjL a doth. 

Imarkid 



LELAN&'S ITINERARY. 117 

1 markid dyverfe Towers in the Midle Warde of the Ca- 
ftelle, and the Dungeon Hille. But to my fighte it is much 
inRuine. T*he Houfe bf Bmebomes, caullid Affcbituge y of 
theFtmdatioh of BdmunSt^ Erit ofConutvak, and owner of 
Bercibtm/lede-Cz&e], is about a Mile ofj and there the King 
lodrid After that I had x veuyid the Caftel, I pa&d « over /3 

theRytfer her as is a Bridge of Wood. This 

Ryycry cummith by Northe-Weft from Pefiley^ a Place yn 
Cmktrn h2. Miles of, and lb renning by the Eft End* of F0L1 12. 
Barkhamftede Towne goith doun a xi). Miles SoUthwarde to 
die More water about the Quarters otRichemahnefworthe. 

Berkhamftede is one of the heft Markette Townes in 
Htrtfordijhirt) and hath t * a large Streate metely welle buildid 
from the North to the South : and another, but fumwhat 
Itfler, from the Weft to the Eft, where the Ryver renftith. 

The Chirch is yn the midle of the Town. 

In the Botom of the Ryver of eche fide bt very raire Me- 
dtiwes. 

Thens I paffid by Hilly, Woddy, and much Baren Ground 
to Cbeyrus a v. Miles of. 

And or I cam very nere Cheynes I paffid over a little 
Brooke, and even in the Valley bv Cbemeys over another, 
£ and they [refort to the water] aooute JUcbetnan[Jworth] 
the Moore wa[ter.] 

The olde Houfe of the Cbeyneis is fo tranflatid by my Lorde 
n Rttjfely that hath that Houfe oft the Right of his Wife, that 
lide or nothing of it yn a maner remaynith ontranflatid : and 
a great deale of the 5- Houfe in even newly fet up, made of 
Brike and Timber : and fair logginges be new eredtid in the 
Gardein. 

$ The Houfe is within diverfe Places richely paintid with 
antique Workes of White and Blak. 

And there be about the Houfe 2. Parkes, * as I re- 
membrc." ' 

m overt be Rivet ; wbert as is a Bridge of Wood. 5t. ncc alitcr G\ 
nifi quod omittat as. fi The River by a Bridge of wood. This Ri- 
ver B.fed t ut nos 9 in Autograpbo. y runnetb G. i a 3. Miles of St. 
& G. and indeed it Teems to have been 3. at firft in the Orig. and 
that the lower part of the 3. is broken off. \a large] Leg. alonge. 
So in the Orig. and St, £ and tbey re/orte aboute Richemanfworthc 
to the Moore Water. Tbe old St. 9 Jo. L. Rufel. Soe created 1 5*8. 
30. H 8. Sic inmargine Apograpbi Burtoniani ; qua tatnen abfunt 
ab Autograph*. fr Houfe is newly B. t Ml tbe G. * Defunt B. 

I vauyd. 2 a longe Streate. 

H 3 The 



1x8 L E L A N D'S I T I N E R A R Y. 

The Maner Place ftondeth at the Weft ende of the Pa* 
roche Chirche. 

In the Paroche on die Northe fide of it, as in a Chapcllc, 
be 2. Tumbes of the Cbaynes Lordes of the Manor thcr, and 
the finaul [viljlagebering their name. 

[Frjom Cbeyneis I paffid much ' [go]od Paftureand Corne 
Ground, * [and came to] a pratie uplandifch Town in a Bo- 
W. "3- torn £ v. Miles of. 

And thens a v. Miles ftil for the moft parte on a mory 
Ground like Hundejlane Hethe, to the which Level by likeli- 
hood it ftreachith ; and thens by fum enclofid and woddy 
Grounde a 3. Miles to Windtlefore. 

From Windtkfore by a 3. Miles moft y Be wood and en- 
' clofid Paftures, leving Cbeortefey a Mile of I on 1 lifte Hand. 
Where is a goodly Bridg of * Timber over the Tamife newly 
repairid. 

And thens a 2. Miles and more in faire open and levelle 
Medow Ground, wher I law over the Tamife, Ankerwike* of 
late Tyme a Priorie of Nunnes, and aboute an half Mile 
lower I paffid over the Tamije by ^tow-Bridge. 

£ And thens moft by * Champ[aine] and Corne Ground 

Pafturetoif. 6.Miles. 

[And about halfe a Mile on this] fide it [is Hampton-Court 
finely featedon] Tam[ifc fyde.] 

« and came to] There are 4. points after to in G. fi v. Miles of 
defunt G. y by G. Ion the left Hand St. & G. t The left B. 
£ And thens mofte by Cbampaine and Corne Ground and Pafture u 
Hampton Court e 6. Miles \ and about half a Myle a this /yd it is 
Hampton Pillage on the Thamife fyde St. G. agrees with B. 
v Champaine, Corn and Pafture Ground to Hampton ....... 

6. Miles B. 

s Wood Pafture and coin ground a pratie nplaodifhe v. Miles of. St. % Timbre. 



The End of the Firft Volume ot 
Mr. L e jl a N d's Itinerary . 



t "9 1 



A DISCOURSE 

Concerning fome Antiquities lately found in 

YORKSHIRE. 

In a Letter to Mr. Thoresby of Leeds. 

With an Extract out of Mr. Thoresby's 
Letter that occafion d this Difcourfe. 



The Extraa out of 
Mr. TfiORESBr'S Letter. 



As the Servants of Mr. Ellis of Kiddal (Father to the 

prefent High- Sheriff of the County) were plowing at a 
place caJJed Ofmondtbic i, near the noted Bramhammoor, they 
difttover'd 5 or 6 brafs Inftruments, which are of different 
fizes, from little more than 3 to 4^ inches in length, and 
from it to 2 J in breadth. They are fomewhat in the form 
of a Wedge, as proceeding from a thin edge, which, after 
fo many ages, is tolerably fliarp, to \\ or 2 inches at the 
thicker end, where they are hollowed to put upon a Shaft. 
Each of them has an Ear or Loop, which that you may the 
better perceive the form of, I have added the rude Draught 
of one that I procured for this Repofitory. Some fuppofe 
them to have been Arrows beads, or Axes of the antient 
BritainS) others of the Reman Catapult*. I think they are 
as much too light for the laft, as they are too heavy for the 
firft. I rather take them to have been the heads of Spears 

or 



120 



A Difcwfi ctnvrniug fim 
or walking Staves of the civilized Britain, and tho' of a 
iomewhat different form from thofe defcribed by « Spud in 

their Portraitures, taken, I 
prefmpe, from antient MSS. 
yet by the loop in the fide we 
may better conceive how thofe 
ornamental' Labels weire faf- 
tenM, than by the Rehires as 
there exemplified^That Swords 
or Daggers of the feme metal 
were ufed of old in Inland 
•? well as in Great Britain (of 
which there are feveral defcri- 
bed in the laft Edition of the 
Britannia) I conje#ure from 
fome that were found there of 
Jate years, of which my Friend 
fent me one which is of a mi£T 
die Size, viz. 18 inches long, 
whereas of thofe in Wah$ 
fome were 12 others 24. The 
hilt feems to have been of 
wood, being wholy confumed, 
to which it has been faften'd 
by four larger and two leffer 
nails, as appears by the holes 
yet entire. And now that I 
am upon this Subjed, I have 
an antient Spur, that is no 
lefs then $ } inches long from 
the heel to the middle of the Rowell 5 but this, which is 
gilded and of nicer workmanship, I t*ke to be of a much 
Jjiter date, : ' * 

Letdes % Nov. 19. 1709* 




« Hift. of. Great Briteune. L. I. c, y. The Figpre here if 
«*% ** bjgpefs of tf* Inilruinent as 1 1*4 it upon the Paper. 



Tiw 



Antiquities found if; York-fhire. U| 

The Difcourfe, in ^ fetter %o Mr. Thores^y. 

Worthy Sir, 
$. *• TT^\R O M the great Variety of antient Mo- ^m\tm Momtmnu 
Li numytts continually found in thefe Iftands **£"!&. *?***. *? 
I/ 'tis plain that vz& Improvements might be gSS^Wj* 
*** made to the Accounts that have been hi- prov'd to am*b<r Vo- 
therto given of tbt Briti/b Antiquities, and there is *»• *&*sri»fc- 
no re^fon to doubt but if Mr. Camdin* were now H- ffifg S'faW 
ving, he could with eafe inlarge his Britannia to *n- Time of the Rmam. 
other Volume of equal Value with the former. Coyns *J» Difip** of fe- 
wcre not fo generally token notice of by learned J™ T"3fc£; 
Afca at flwrt taw* as they have been fince ; atfeaftif R&htf Monty. 
they did take notice of them, yet they were not fo 
curious as to put down the feveral Defcriptions of them, nor 
to conflder their true ufe. Since his Excellency Baron Span- 
heinis Book and other Works of the fame kind were publifli'd, 
Scholars have been more inquifitive after thefe Relicts ; and 
from the infinite Numbers dug up amongft us divers Places 
that were of note in the times of the Romans, but are now 
quite deftroy'd, have been found out, which Mr. Camden 
knew nothing of in his time for want of thefe Dif cover its. 
Add to this that the Antiquity of feme other Towns may be 
carried by thefe Helps much higher than he has done in his 
rejpe&ive Difcourfcs o( them; and particularly Witney within 
feven Miles, of Oxford appears to be of note long before Ed- 
ward the Confeffors time, as I gather from Roman Coyns lately 
found there, fome of which I nave had communicated to me 
by m the Reverend Dr. Ralph Trumbull, not long fince Re&or 
of that Place, The beft of thofe fent to me is one of impure 
Silver (according to the Cuftom of that time ) in honour of 
Julia Mamnuea, Mother to Alexander Severus. That which 
snakes it the more likely that here was a Town fo early is this 
that the Ickenild way pafs'd not far from it on the right hand 
in it's Courfe to Grencefler, where all the four Great ways 
croft'd. I might here mentioa other Places, that have r£- 
ceivM the fame Advantage for their Antiquity, if I were not 
fcri&riently fatisfied that you are much better acquainted with 
fhis Part of Learning, and with the feveral Vfes of it than I 

# U%> thXtwetdJdf. lUlph Trumbull, 

Hit 



122 * • A Difeourfe concerning feme 

am. Thro' the Ignorance of divers that lijjht upon thefe old 
Monuments it is that many of them are quite deftroy'd j but 
then there are not wanting feveral ingenious Gentlemen, who 
out of a natural Love to Antiquity fpare no Co/is nor Pains 
to colled and preferve as many as they can, and are always 
ready to communicate to the Publick their Obfervations upon 
them. Amongft thefe I defervedly reckon your felf, who a* 
you have made a very good Collection, fo you nave withall been 
pleafed to oblige the Learned World witn feveral curious Dif- 
courfes upon them in the PbibfopbicalTran/a&ions. You have 
likewife been fo kind as to favour me with the Account of 
fome of them ; and when I was ingag'd in the Oxford Edi- 
tion of Livy you took care to tranfinit to me two Infcriptions > 
which (hew that the ninth Legion of the Romans refided at 
Tori, Thefe I have made publick in the laft Volume in the 
Annotations * . But I am moft concern'd at prefent for the 
old Inflruments which you tell me were fome Months fince 
found at a Place call'd Ofmondtbick near Brambam-moer in 
your County, concerning which you defire I would give you 
my opinion j which I {hall the rather do that you may fee I 
am nbt unmindful of your Favours, but am willing to make 
all pofftble Returns I can. 
The Mhfrumaui §• *• Thefe Inflruments it feems from your Letter 
lately found near are of Brafs, and are five or fix in number, but of 
r^kMn^ \\k ^ ercnt Ss%is 9 from little more than 3 to 44 Inches 
cat inte r LpojstJl in Length, and from 14. to 2^ in Breadth. They 
adjoyning to the Bod- are fomewhat in Form of a Wedge, as proceeding; 

^J*^kJ*rt from a tUn Edgi to ** or 2 Inches at *** i€r ^"^ 
BritiA StLrt. The where they are hollowed to put upon a Shaft. Each 

FigumofthtanticTft of them has an Ear or Loop, which that I may the 
^r^ms^oiM 01 ' >cttcr P ^ 1 ^ thc Pom of you have been at the 
innvwek-jbir* t£e Pa * n * o( adding the Draught of one, accurately done 
feme in fipnification by your felf. From your exa& and nice Relation 'tis 
with AUbtOn in Ox- plain that they are juft like that we have in the Repo- 
/er J Arc ' fitory adjoyning to the Bodlejan Library at Oxford. 

This has been kept there for feveral Years \ but where twas 
difcover'd there is not the leaft Memorial to inform us. Per- 
haps it might be procur'd by Dr. Plot when he was writing 
the Natural Hi/lory of Stafferdjhire, where he has fi men- 
tioned feveral Inflruments of the fame kind dug up in that 
County. You have told me that 'tis your opinion that thefe; 
Inflruments were the Heads of Spears or Waiting Staves of 

* See Vol.VI. pag. 181. fi See C£*/.X. §. 19. &c. 

the 



Antiquities found in York-fhire. 123 

the riv&zid Britain* ; and foe confirmation of it you refer me 
to Mr. Speed's Hiftory of Groat Britain a, where he has pub- 
liih'd Che Figures of the antiont Britains both before and after 
they were chiliad. You acknowledge however that the 
Tops of the Spears there zrcfomewhat different from thofe we 
are now considering. And indeed they are not only fimewhat 
but altogether different* being exadly of the fame Make with 
thofe we find in the Columna Trajant and the Books that re- 
prefent to us the military Inftruments of the old Romans* 
Greeks, &;.' But had they been of fome Refemhlance, yet I 
cannot fee that thefe Figures in Speed are of any Authority. 
For tho* you guefs that they were copied from old MSS. vet 
I -could never yet meet with any MSS. of our Britijh Hiftory 
that have any fuch Figures. It ever any one had them we 
have reafon to prefume that other Books upon the fame Sub* 
jeft would have retain'd them ; at leaft we ought not to 
doubt it of Copies of the fame Author. That is the method 
obferv'd in other Sorts of MSS. The Illuminators were ge- 
nerally left at liberty as to the ornamental Parts of the Great 
Letters ; but when any Figures were to be deputed that fhould 
illuftrate and explain the Author, there they were to be exacl 
and punctual, and they had no more allowance to alter them 
than they had to alter and interpolate the Text of the Author 
himfelf. Hence I am inclin'd to think that thefe Figures are 
modern, and are owing to Mr. Speed himfelf. 'Tis what alfo 
himfelf infinuates in the fame Chapter, acknowledging that 
they were adapted to the Descriptions given of the Britains in 
anttent authenttck Authors. But not to examin other Parti- 
culars, the Form of the Spears in their Hands is not counte- 
nance by any Authority of Note. For tho' Htrodian has 
acquainted us that they us'd Jhort Spears, yet he is filent as 
to the make of them. Nor indeed have we any where a good 
Account of the Military Arms of the Britains. The Authors 
tranfmitted to Pofterity by them are modern in companion 
of the Roman Writers, and are withal Romantick and not to 
be reived on. And as for the Bards they took no care to 
tranfmit to Pofterity thefe Weapons, or to give us nice Rela- 
tions of their Countrymen. 'Tis true, there have been and 
are ftill found feveral Inftruments made of Flint, which the 
beft Judges efteem to be Britijh. The Flint Heads of their 
Arrows are commonly call'd in Scotland Elf- Arrows, as being 
fuppos'd to have an extraordinary virtue againft the Ehes, 
ip— —j—— — ■ — *— ■ — ^— ■ ■ ■ 

* L. 1. c. 7. 

and 



% t4 A Diftfmrjt conctfning fimo 

and to drop from Ac Clauds. There are other FUmts ibme- 
what infirm of A*i, and thefeDr. />/* calls « BWfyfr «4r*f ; 
but Dr. jkijA thinks £ they are Indian. Sir William Dugdak 
inclines to die opinion imhxac'd by DrJPbt $ and hey acquaint* 
its with feveral, of about four Inches and an half in Length* 
curioufly wrought by Grinding. But they might as well have 
been Romany the Romans having us'd FUnt Weapons as well 
as the Britain*, and 'twas from the Romans that the Britain* 
learn'd the Art of working them. That which alfo feems to 
make us bdieve that they might be Raman is that thofe men- 
tion 'd by Sir William were found at Oldbury t Aldbury* or 
Ealdburjy which was a Raman Fort 9 and is the fanje in Signi- 
fication with Akbefter in Oxfordshire, Akbefttr being nothing 
but Ealb-ceaf cep, fo call'd by the Saxons to fliew that 'twas 
a Place of Antiquity even in their time : juft as they alfo for 
the very fame reaibn call'd the famous ljurium in Tork-Jbiro 
(where are often found large Quantities of Raman Medals, 
and favimenta tejfelata) by the Name of Ealfe-bupg or Eato- 
bypi£, which name it retains at this day, not to mention 
Oldbury in GUucefter-Jbire 9 whkh was the RomanT* A JECT vs. 
And tho' the anonymous Author of the Antiquities of Akbefttr 
at the End of the Parochial Antiquities of Ambrofien derive 
Akbefter from Aik&us, as if he were the Founder^ yet there 
is no Authority either from Coyns % Infcriftions* or Books to 
Countenance the Conjecture. 
_. ,, . . $. 3. Now fincc there are no autbentuk Authors 
their Or&LT f»m ty which we may learn what Arms were made ufe 
the Cauls. Mr. Sber- of by the Britoins in their Wars, I can think of no 
52mT ln &mlfcm P ro P crcr Method for finding this out than by feeing 
JW.\heG^Ad£ vthkt Arms were in ufe amongft thofc Peoik from 
fended from Gomtr. whom they immediately had their Original. Mr. Sber- 
The %/««« not de- ringbam, who was a learned Mm and endued with 
The *,£* Sel « <™"«" 7*«*<«*, inclines to the Story of Geffry 
rate like the s&biaiu. of jldifnmout b y who deduces the Britoins from the 
The *mi^ ^*w of Trojans. And this is the opinion too of feveral other 
Sof^d*^^ karned Men, But whatever their Abilities and A- 
ft»A, whkh woe ^^r//y might be in other refpecb, yet in this they 
f uite different from mu ft be reckon'd **r*iW, and I rather ftrilce in with 
£ofe^ are „ow ^g. other jfcfat of *wiv Aflkri* who derive 
the Britoins from the Gauls ; amongp whom Mr. 
Camden is *W$f. He has diligently and «iV#^ prov'd'that the 

* Loco fepra ck. $ N*t*r*l Hiftory of LomeaJbirt 9 lib. I. 
p. 181. y Antiquities of Warwick-Jbire pag.778. 



Antiqmtus found $k YorfcJWre. 125 

Goals agd Brhamx had the hmc Religion y that they to^had 
their Bards and Druids \ enjovM the lame /*m of Govern- 
ment i us'd tfre feme /7uri/W ot Fightings had the fame «tf«- 
to/ Genius 1 were equally azmfc/ and innocent i were addicted 
to Change when provok'd 5 were compaffionate to their &/?- 
fi<wu and always ready to partake in their Vindication. He 
has withall fliewM that they &/£ affe&ed great Numbers 
of Servants ; that their Buildings were alike and were fur* 
rounded with #Wr ; that they tarA ufually wore Chains of 
<?*£/ about their Necks* and had Rings on their middle Fingers $ • 
that they £**£ wore &»£ £&/>, and that the Garments call'd 
Broth* were common to ak£. Thefe things he confirms from 
the £$/? and /w/? approved Authors. And as the chief eft Ar- 
gument he has alledg'd variety of lnflancts to fhew that they 
Ipoke the fame Language. Mr. Sherringbam himfelf was aware 
of this, and therefore to- evade the Force of the Argument*. 
he makes * the Trojans to come through Gaul* which being 
then, thinly inhabited he fays Brute and his Companions foon 
conquered it, built a City and> continued there 'till fuch time 
as they had well peopPd it> after which they pafs'd over into 
Britmn* and by that means the Britains came to have the 
lame I+anguags* This is his Hypothecs* which is fo far from 
deferring Approbation^ that it does not feem confident with 
ufual Prudence* jux with the other wife Afts that are afcrib'd 
to Brute. For no one that rightly confiders can think that 
Brute would voluntarily leave fo large a Country as Gaul for 
one that was fo much lefs. Jt is therefore moft likely that 
the Britains had their immediate Original from the Gauls. 
Cetfar himfelf thought fo as to thofe that inhabited more near 
thc t Coq/is 9 notwithstanding his Obfervation that the midland 
People were Aborigines* Nor will Saxhorn's Affertion that 
the GaUick Tongue was the fame with the Scythian overthrow 
this Hypothecs. For it may very well be fuppos'd that the 
Gauls came firft from the Scythians, who are in Jufiinfi ob- 
fervM to have been the moft antient People* and to have 
contended with the Egyptians on that [core. This will 
etaeJty. agree with what Camden and others have allerted con* 
cerning the Gauls being defcended from Gomer* the eldeft 
So**of Japbet, I knpw indeed that Mr. Sammes derives the 
StythJans from Magog the fecond Son of Japbet* But ( no* 
here to take notice, of his contradi&ing himfelf in this Point) 

m See his Book de origiMe gentis Angler, pig. 7. & feqq. 
Hift. Lib. U. c 1 . 

fince 



126 A Difcourfe concerning feme 

fince Strabo * and Stephanusfi mention a City call'd Gogarenm 
between Colchis and Iberia ; and fince the City Hierapolis in 
Cork-Syria, according to PUnyy, was call'd by the Syrians 
Magog ; 'tis more probable that Magog feated himfelf in thofe 
Countries, near to which 'tis agreed his Brethren fettled, than 
that he wandred fo far out of the way from them. Here I 
cannot but take notice that the Britains were like the Scythians 
z frugal People, and their long Lives (they often living to the 
Age of 120 Tears) might in great meafure be afcrib'd to their 
Temperance, and their Milk Dyet, iuft like the Hippomolgs 
mention'd by Homer t. And as Mfciylus tells us that the Scy- 
thians were istouw fyrmpt fSt«p«, a juft Nation and fed upon 
f Horfes Milk, in which fort of Creatures they took no finall 
pleafurc ; fo the fame might be faid of our antient Britains* 
who were very Religious and obfervM the Rules of their Prie/ts 9 
liv'd much upon milk and Cheefe, and took extraordinary De- 
light in Cattle, whence perhaps they might affed to have the 
ftgures of Beqfts cut upon their Bodies. From what has been 
laid down I hope 'tis plain that the Gauls and Britains were of 
the fame Original. What we have next to do is to fee what 
Arms were us'd by the Gauls. There are feveral Authors that 
have written of tne nature of them, and particularly Cluver 
and Boxhorn. Their Names zttjpatha, geffum, (gefum orga- 
fum) lancea, Jparum, cateia, mataris, or rather materis, (not 
matara, mach*ra, (&&*% f&if* 9 ' f"C* 0r /K**C* O thyreos, and 
cetrum or cetra. I {hall not here infift upon the fignification 
dr reafon of the Names, but only obferve in general, that the 
geffum was a javelin, thejbarum, cateia, and mataris were dif- 
ferent Sorts of Darts, and that the thyreos was an oblong and 
the cetrum was a Jhort fort of Shield. So that the fpatha only 
remains (for the nature of the lance is well known) to be 
compar'd with the Weapons we are confidering. 'Tis call'd 
by the Italians Efpada. From the Defcription that Ifidort has 
left us of it, we are inform'd that 'twas a two-edged Sword 9 
with which they cut and did not thruft. Whence 'tis plain 
thefe Arms had not Jharp Tops, agreeable to what Livynhzs 
related that their gladii were pnetongi dc fine muctonibus. Po- 
hbius has the fame reafon why they did not pujh with them. 
Hence it is clear that our Injlruments which have not two 

m Lib. II. De urbib. voc. r»>«c«V«. y Nat. Hlfl. lib. V. 
c. 23. i II. XIII. vert 3. t Or Cheefe made of Herfes Milk. 
£ See Livy lib. VIL c. 24. Edit. Oxen. * Lib. XXII. c. 46. 
Edit. Oxejt. 

Eages, 



Antiquities found hi York-fhire. 127 

Edges; but arc dull like Wedges* were not /path*, and fince 
they do not anfwer to any of the other Gallick InJirumenU we 
jmift carry on our Inquiry, and examin whether they agree 
with any of the Arms of fome other antient Nation that made 
% figure in Britain. 

$.4. Our Anceflors the Saxons will have no Share The ^^^^ ^ g^,. 
in this Inquiry. For 'tis plain from the Hijiory of cern'd in thit Inquiry. 
them given by Verftegan, and the /from publifh'd Jt* Damfijinm much 
alfo bv him, that Spears, Halberds, Shields, Crofs- JjJ^ftL ^! 
fouv, Swords, (which were broad and bowing, Tome- tion'd by flr«m»w di/fe- 
what in fafluon of a &/£*,) and Hatchets, which rent from oun. WM- 
thcy call'd Bills, were the Arms made ufe of by fiS!&tt& 
than ; nor did the Weapons of the £0**1 that fuc- fcem to be Roman. Ac- 
ceded them much vary, if at all. Coming from count of ^RmmmUnm 
At fame Parts they us'd the fame Cufloms in their ^ffj^tfl^ 
Military Undertakings. And thefe continued after- ofSJimtsPofybi/hr. Ru- 
wards, even after the Entrance of the Normans. mckUfcri^d^iaai^ain 
For tho' the Normans endeavoured to make an intire ff^^^^T* 
Alteration, yet they found the Attempt impracticable, 
and they were fore'd to acquiefce, and lay afide their Prepo* 
Jab, which thwarted very much thofe antient Cufloms that were 
here generally entertain d and receiVd. But however not- 
withftanding thefe Inflruments do not referable either the 
Saxon or Danifly Military Arms, yet I find in Wormius's Mu- 
fium m two Ctmbrie Inflruments with which they have fome 
Ukenefs. Thefe he tells us were of Brafs, and he calls them 
Wedges. The larger of them was five Inches in Length, and 
three in Breadth. He is of opinion that they were us'd in 
the Wars, efpecially when the Armies were very near each 
other, and came to Hand-blows. If they had Holes, by which 
they might have been fix'd to Helves, he would have be- 
liev'd them to be Battle Axes ; but being neither hollow 
(as ours are ) nor having no other way of being faften'd to 
other Inflruments he concluded that the name of Wedges 
might be moft proper.. A very ingenious Gentleman fome- 
time fince inform'd me that much fuch Inflruments had been 
found in the Ijle of Man, and that a great many Urns had 
been alfo difcover'd there, as likewife divers Infcrittions 
with, flrange Characlers. I do not queftion but the Infiri- 
ptions are Kunick. And 'tis highly probable that the Inflru- 
ments were like thofe in Wormius ; but if they agree exaclly 
with ours, they will from what I (hall fay by and by appear 

* Pig. 354. 

to 



128 A Difcourfi concerning fimi 

td be Raman. For notwithstanding h be commonly hcfd 
that the Romans never were in this 7fle, jet I fee no other 
tea/on why it fhould be thought fo, than dutt die antient 
Authors now remaining do not mention it. This is only a 
negative Argument, and what we ought not to lay a very 
great ftrefs upon. The Urns feem clearly to evince that 
they were there. They are bfientimes alledg'd to (hew that 
the Romans had Stations in other Places than thofe accounted 
for in the common Editions of Antoninufs Itinerary j even 
in thofe whereof there is no mention in the Anonymous Raven- 
na s. t know indeed that 'tis faid that thefe urns muft be 
perfeftly Danijh, by reafon of the /mall Had Bones and Ajhes 
found in them ; which however is no Jure Ground to go 
upon. For I have feen in the Bodlejan Kepofoory a piece of 
a Roman Urn which was dug up fevend Tears ago at ah old 
Roman Town in England, with many others, fome of which 
were of different Figures'. Tis now in a Box, and with' ft 
are little black Bones, &c. Wrapp'd up in two Pieces of courfi 
Linnen. This Limten U in the fame Figure with the Urn, 
but the Urn for one of the Pieces is wanting. The SmdUnels 
of the Bones fhews that they are the Relicts of Children. It 
. was cuftomary among the Romans after the Bodies were burnt 
to wafh the Bones with Wine and Milk, and afterwards th6 
Women wrapt their Children in Linnen, dr/d them in their 
Bo/cms, and then put them into Urn* to be bury'd. This 
Cujlom was alfo peculiar to the Danes, who learn'd it from 
the Romans, from whom likewife they received Urn-Burial 
it felf. Such Urns too are mention'd by the famous Sir Tho- 
mas Browne to have been found at Oli Walfmgham d in Tori- 
Jhire. And perhaps thofe found fome time ago in the Borough 
of Southwari fi ( by London ) were of the fame Sort j and 
others found at Camulodunum, which Dr. Gale reckons y to' 
be WaUen, and not Maldon according to the common ac- 
count. Not to mention thofe found at Durolitum, which 
the fame Author makes)" to be Leight on -Stone within five 
Miles of London, and not withhl fifteen Miles, as in the cor- 
rupt Copies of Antoninus. Nor is the Roman Hijlory alto- 
gether filent of the IJle of Man's being known to the Ro- 
mans. For Plutarch i expreftly tells us that one Demetrius 
fail'd hither, as well as to other Briti/b IJIes in the Reign of 

« in fork/hire.] Leg. in Norfolk. ft See Dr. Gale's poftbumous 
Comm. upon Antoninus** bin. pag.6£. y Rid. pag. in, 112, 
1 13, 1 14. i Ibid. pag. 1 16. t De Orac. def. p» 419. 

Adrian* 



Antiquities found in York-fliire. 129 

Adrian. I have alfo feen an old * Manufcript of Solinus Poly- 
hifior belonging to the Library of Grejbam-Collegc, in which 
there is an tntire Cbapttr relating to Ireland, not exftant ( I 
think ) in the common Editions, which, if genuine and not 
taken from GyraUus Cambrenfis, will plainly prove that In- 
land was known to and frequented by the Romans in his 
time. But I have not yet had a proper opportunity of tran- 
fcribing and confidering it. 'Tis no wonder that Runick In- 
fcriptions are difcover'd in the Places where Roman Urns are 
found. Thofe Infcriptions might have been made upon other 
Occafions after the Ifle of Man became in future Ages inha- 
bited by Dams and Norwegians . The fame Accident has 
fometimes happen'd in England. And Mr. Camden particu- 
larly relates in the clofe of his Difcourfe concerning Stone- 
Hengi that in the time of King Henry VIII. was found at 
Stone-Henge a Table of mixt Metal, on which were ingrav'd 
many Letters* but the Character was fo Jlrange that neither 
Sir Thomas Efyot, nor Mr. Lilly, the famous Scbool-mq/ler of 
St. Paul's, could tell what to make of them, and fo there 
was no care taken to preferve the Monument, the Lofs of 
which was afterwards much lamented by Olaus Wormius, who 
thought it to be Runick, as without queftion it was : and 
yet Stone-Henge it felf is a Roman Work, as has been made 
out by Mr. Inigo Jones, who though he was confuted by the 
late Learned Dr. Cbarleton, yet Mr. Jones's opinion was 
very well defended by Mr. John Webb, who has in his Book 
diftin&ly examined the Methods made ufe of both by the Ro- 
mans and the Danes in their Buildings. 

4. 5. Having proceeded thus for in this Inquiry, 
and taew'd that thefe Inftruments were not military Thefc Mnmmtt an 
Arms either of the Britains, or of the Saxons, or of *JJ*£ thcTs^Z 
the Danes, I fhall now carry it on farther and en- f M , nor the H*ub of 
deavour to prove that they are owing to the Romans, s J***i or Jaw&m* 
which is what I have before inOnuated. I once J^^SJ^S 
thought that they were a fort of Axes which the thentick! 'Twit one 
Romans made ufe of in*heir Sacrifices, of which Dr. <*thca»tienrButtuUe. 
Plot takes notice of two forts, the fecures lapidea 
and the fecures cupre*, though Dr- Leigh will have his In- 
flames to be both Indian. Upon a more narrow confedera- 
tion of the Roman faeriiicing Inftruments I have quite chang'd 
this opinion, not finding the leaft Footfteps of fuch Axes in 

« I faw the Book in Dr. Hudfon'i Chamber. 'Twas foon after 
lent to Mr. Reynolds^ who is putting out an Edition of Mela. 
Vol. I. I any 



J 30 A Difcourfe concerning fome 

any of the Books of Roman Antiquities I have hitherto coA- 
fulted. On the contrary they are in the Suovetaurilia or &/i- 
taurilia of the Columns Trojans reprefented in the fame form y 
and faften'd in the fame manner, that we ufe at this day. 
And fo alfo in other Sacrifices, a* may partly be feen in the 
Gemms, Rings, &c. publiuYd out of the Studies of Augufti- 
nus and Gorheus, as well as in the Monuments of Gruter 9 
Reinefius, Spon, and Fabretti, to omit the Authors colleded 
upon this Subjccl by Gr*vius in his large Body of Roman An- 
tiquities. Neither could they have been the Heads of Spears % 
as is mahifeft from the fame Authorities. The Roman Spears 
and Javelins occur very frequently, and yet not one of them 
either on their Coyns or elfewhere is to be met with in the 
Figure of thefe Inftruments* *Tis true, fome of their Spears 
had two Heads, fo they might ufe either End uppermoft as 
they pleas'd. We have one of thefe in Auguftinus * • The 
Heads differ from one another ; but they neither of them 
anfwer our Monuments. Nor are the molt antient Spears of 
the Romans we meet with different from thofe they made ufe 
of in more modern times, as may in fome meafurc be feen in 
the famous Shield lately published at Oxford p, out of the 
Mufeum of the ingenious and learned Dr. John Woodward : 
which is certainly authentic^, notwithftanding the Clamours, 
without any Proof, that have been made againft it. It's An- 
tiquity is defended in the Place I have cited. It may. here be 
farther added to what is there alledg'd, that Lucius Florus y gives 
us the firft Inftance of the Romans fighting upon Horfes without 
Bridles ; and in the Columna Trcqani I the Horfes are plac'd 
in full fteed with their Riders without any Bridles or other 
Curbs to reftrain and guide them, a great many of the Romans 
having made themfefves Matters of this method of fighting 
that they might like the Numidians (who were famous for it) 
be the lefs incumber'd in the Battle, and rufh upon the Enemy 
with the more force. Their defultores are alfo Proof enough 
of it's being practicable. And what is related in our own 
Chronicles is very obfervabk, namely, that 1 Mackmur, an Irijb 
Rebel in the time of King Richard II. had a white Horfe y 
which coil him four hundred Kine, upon which he tried to 
ride down the fleepeft Hills without Saddle or Bridle* or any 

u Gemm. $e Sculpt, antiq. ex Edit. Joe. Gronovii, Franeq. 1694.. 
Part. I. num. 155. Vide Litrii Edit. Oxon. Vol. VI. p. 195. 
y Lib. I. c.9. ^ Num. 199. • See Mr. Stew's Aonah of the 
Folio Edition pag. 320. a* 

.other 



Antiquities found in York- (hire. 131 

Other Furniture* with that Swiftnefs* that the Beholders faid 
they never had feen Hare or Deer to have run fo faft. The 
moft material Objection* befides this which has been obviated, 
is that it does not Teem to have been big enough for a Shield. 
Which will be remov'd, if it be confider'd, that in all pro* 
bability it was one of the Roman BuccuU* which were pro- 
perly Sbieldf* 9 and belonged to the Caffides. This fort of 
Shield was oftentimes lodg'd in Temples* efpecially fuch as 
were confccrated to the honour of Juno Lacinia % as may 
partly appear from what fully has related in his firft Book 
de Divinatione fi. Nor will it therefore be anv wonder that 
others of thefe BuccuU were lodg'd in Temples dedicated to 
Jupiter Capitolinus* and that divers had on them the Repres- 
entations of the famous A&ion of Camillus* done, without 
doubt, at the Expenfe and by the Care of fome of the Gens 
Furia. Now if it be allow'd that this was a Buccula* it 
might in all likelyhood have appertained to the Helmet* now 
in poffejjion* with a large Stock of other valuable Curiojities* 
of Mr. John Kemp near the Hay-market* London. What 
countenances the Conjecture is that this Helmet (as I am in- 
form'd) is of the fame Metal with the Shield, and wrought 
with as much Elegance* This way of adorning and furhijb- 
ing of the Cafftdes* ' as well as other Military Weapons* was the 
peculiar office of the Barbaricarii* as may be feen in what I 
have faid in my Difcourfe upon the Bathe In/cription* pub- 
ltfh'd at the End of Sir Join Spelmans Life of Alfred the Great. 

§. 6. But now though thefe Inftruments are not Thcfc j m a rumem m 
properly Roman Military Weapons* fuch as they us'd Roman <£ffih, which 
in their Battles* yet they were of fervice amongft «"* uftd » cut and 
the fmUm, U good Afa*r> of them were cm- J&*. *-£ 
(tanth provided to be carry d about in the Army, bri murarii and other 
For I believe that they were Roman Chijfels* and *"ift* »« the Rman 
that thev were us'd to cut the Stones* and other ^ecuTtbe°^ 
Materials that were judged ferviceable for building of So*UUn, befognot 
the Camps. This is not conjecture only, as appears exempt upon account 
from the Columna Trajani* where y the Souldiers of ****#«• 
are reprcfented polifliing the Stones for the Roman Tents in 
the Dacic Wars with fuch fort of Chijfels made of Brafs. 
Thefe Chijels } they beat and work'd into the Stone and 

« See Dm Fre/nfa Glof. media & infim* Latin, in voc. BU- 
CULA. $. 48. of the old number, y In num. 67. I s Some 
Parts of the Takes Rurales refemblM thefe Chifcls, as may be feen 
from the Figure of them in Roboritlluf* Emtndatt. lib. I. c. 28. 
The Form publifh'd by Robgrtellus anfwers to what Qafar (ayt 

I 2 in 



[ 132 A Difcourfe concerning feme 



other Materials with Malletts of the fame Mttal We have 
other Inftances of it m the fame Pillar^ which is one of the 
beft Monuments we have by which to judge of the feveral 
Habits and InJlrununU made ufe of by them in their Mili- 
tary Enterprijes. Thefe Chijfels were of admirable firviee in 
making their Aggeres^ which confided of Earth, Stones, and 
Timber. The Stones were fometimes thrown together with- 
out any Polijbing ; but that was more rarely, and 'twas look'd 
upon as a better fecuriiy to have them work'd that they 
might lye even, oy this account the reafon will be eafily 
perceiv'd why thefe Inftruments are hollow, namely to faften 
Handles to them for more convenience in driving them. If 
they had been Wedges^ 'twould have been a great inconve- 
nience to have had them hollow. Befides, the tr edges by be- 
ing drove into the Woods or Stones would have btenftrangefy 
worn on the fides, and have received confiderable Altera- 
tions, whereas the fides of ours in the Bodlejan Repofitory 

i.and I fuppofe yours are fo too) are juft as they were at 
irft, and there is not the leaft Change, unlefs it be on the 
Edge> which is very blunt and much broken, which I guefs 
to have proceeded from the Stone. As for the Ears or Loops, 
'tis probable they might be put on that thereby the Handles 
might be fix'd the better ; or perhaps they were defign'd for 
the eafe of the Souldiers, who in their journeys might by 
this means faften them on their Girdles, (which 'tis likely 
were of that fort which we fee upon the Statue of Marcianus 
under the Divinity School in the Theater Tard t which in that 
refpeft is exadfy * drawn in the Marmora Oxonienfia.) For 
I believe moft if not all of the Souldiers had fuch Inftruments^ 
which they were oblig'd to make ufe of when necejfity re- 
quired. I know that 'tis the opinion of moft that there were 



in Sell. Gall. lib. III. where however others read mura/es, but 
contrary to Robortellus y % MSSts. Nor does what Robortellus 
alleges at all differ from a diligent Account of them in Colu- 
mella \\b+ IV. c. 25. if we may believe him; bat he is very 
well confuted by Sigoniut in his Emendatt. p. 409. Edit. Franc. 
1604. where he lhewi that murales is the true Reading, m But 
the lnfcription is more correlily printed in Dr. Gale's Comm. upon 
Antoninus'* It in. pag. 68. being communicated to the Pttblijber 
by the Excellent Mr. Halley j who alfo makes the Figure differ 
there in fome other particulars from the Cut of it in the Marmora 
Oxon. 

a few 



Antiquities found in York-fhirc. 133 

a few particular Perfons always in the Army to whom thefe 
Works were committed, and tnat they were exempt from the 
office of Souldiers 9 and that they were marmorariiy quadra- 
tarii 9 tignarii, and Jlruftores. Thefe may be call'd all by 
one name fabri murarii, though that is commonly reckoned 
only another nam* for Jlruftores. But this is a wrong Per- 
fwajvm* and Fabretti has well obferv'd « that there are no 
fabri murariiy as they are taken for Artifts d\ftinft from 
Souldsers^ on Trajan's Pillar. This observation he has made 
in oppofition to Sanii Bartoli, who calls them exprefsly fa- 
bri murarii. FabrettPs Remark as 'tis very juft with refped to 
this fort of Artifisy fo it muft be noted that there were no 
other diftin& Artifts- in the Army that were freed from the 
Ditties of Souldiers. Even the Artifts that had receiv'd li- 
beral Education are to be comprehended in this obfervation 9 
I mean their Pbyficians ; which is the reafon that in FabreU 
ti £ we have the Pifturc of a Phyftcian fortify M with a brica 
or Coat of Mail y and moving his Hands to a fick Perfon that 
was his Patient. The lorica {hews he was one of the better 
fort of Souldiers call'd evocatij thofe of the inferior order being 
allowM only a Perioral of thin Brafs. It withal points out 
to us that he was after he had finifh'd thefe offices to the fick 9 
hound to betake himfelf to the other offices of a Souldier. 
This was fometimes intermitted, but in Trajan's ftri£fc Dif- 
cipline 'twas always obferv'd, he being refolv'd to imitate and 
bring into Pajbion the feverity that had been made ufe of in 
the more antient Times,, For this reafon we fee the Soul- 
diers in this Pillar duly exercifing and performing, when 
there was any need, all the offices of Tradefmen, it being at 
this time cuftomary to lift Tradefmen amongft the Souldiers 
for this Intent, We have likewife Figures of the Enfign 
Bearers y with the Enjigns in one Hand and the Mallett in 

« Syntagma de Columna Trojans, pag. 208. A Loco citato pag. 
217. y See Gale'* Comm. upon Antoninus* % Itin. pag. 22. The 
Infcription there publuVd is one of thofe you fent me, and, I 
think, * is more truly publHh'd from your Copy in the laft Vol* 
of Livy. 

* is more truly publijb'd &c] Since this Difcourfe was pub- 
Itth'd my learned Friend Roger Gale Efq; hath written 
me word (in a Letter dated Sept, 7 th . 171 1.) that tho' there 
be many Errata in his Antoninus (occafion'd by his Abfence 
from the Prefs) yet that the Infcription here quoted w exact- 
ly copy'd in p. 23. of that Work from the Original (which 

I 3 he 



1^4 A Difcourfe concerning feme 

the other, the latter being added to denote the Duty that 
lay upon them to affift in Works before mention'd as well as 
in the Bufinefs that more nearly concerned them. 

Such Lfirumm alfo %* h "^ P* ^ * ~* ty™""*"" wcre P ut 

usd in making the to m forming the Roman Camps, they were more- 

RmmnHigb^wfy$juA over imploy'd in making and repairing the /fi^A- 

»Mfth«AM, nay; whichfwallow'dupa&r^J^tfiirf/yof S^ 

Thofe we are now ^r • n • r l »i * ^* a j .r 

difcouHbg of per- fcipecially in fuch Places as were map? and fenny. 
haps Tome of thofe The Pomptin Marjbes were vaftly large, and yet at 

Mm% T 7ri'X s<m tt {uci } tiinc M thc * i * afw **** *» mal, y to •* us ' d 

w^ch^mrS'four a gainft the Enemy, a fltrtf'** was made that they 
G7r*# flKrw were re- fhould be imploy'd to drain them ; which was fts 
pairVK the &«*« wc jj a pp r0 v'd, that the Senate immediately gave Or- 
^for n diStf *r* *" ^, and the Soil was fo rich and fertile that 
TravdUtx were wf* jr*** Numbers came and fcttl'd here, infomuch that 
ami u*brw* t and dif- there were no lefs than xxxni. Towns built upon 
ZZruT ** the Grmsi. The #fem however afterwards got 
ftrength again, and 'twas in a manner wholly drown'd, 
which made Julius Cafar entertain fome thoughts of drain- 
ing them afrejh, and of carrying the Appian fFny through 
them, whereas it had before went about them ; but he fiord 
in his Defign, and 'twas left for one of his Glorious Stsectfors 
the Emperor Trajan, who after hp had cleans'd the Ptnns x 
caus'd a Stone way to be made through them, whereon were 
built large Inns and magnificent Bridges for conveyance of 

he hath fcen feveral times) except that the word voL in 
the fecond Line fliould hive been wrote vo^T| f which was 

an Omiffion of the Ingravers. And whereas in my Anfwet 
to him, I defir'd to know whether Signify in the fame Jnicrip- 

tion be cut in the Stone in this manner Si on i £• (as he hath 

reprefented it) or (as I have exactly printed it in my Livybovci 

Mr. Thorb say's Copy) Sic jSf, he affiir'd me fooq 

after in another moft obliging Letter dated Sift. 28 th ) that he 
had compar-d the Jafoription fince Antoninus was pnbliuVd with 
the Original, and that I might depend upon it that he had faith* 
fully and truly reprefented this Word Signs/, adding withal that 
being very fenfible bow accurate every one ought to be that tabes 
upon him to copy old lnfcriptions % he toob the greatefi care he pof- 
fibly could \ to give us all thofe he hath publijb% as exa&ly as be 
could by the beft Information he was able to procure, where he could 
not /$e them hjm/cl/] '" 

the 



Antiquities found in York-Qiire. 135 

the Water which was in the upper part of the Marjb. For 
memory of which he had a monumental Stone erected with a 
proper Infcrsption* by which it appears that the Way was 
xix. Milts in lengthy their being plac'd at the End of every 
Mi* a Afile-ftone* and from thence the Way it felf was in 
fuccceding times call'd Deannovium. I might from hence 
take occafion to mention other Works of the Romans in Italy 
of this kind, in which Cbijfels were abfolutely neceffary for 
fitting the Stones ; but this is needle&at prefent, and there- 
fore I (hall only remark, that as T&fan .was diligent about 
the Ways , in Italy and other Parts, fo it feems he was no 
lefs careful of thefe Affairs in Britain. For notwithftanding 
fame tell us, that the four great Ways in Britain are owing 
to Molmutius one of the Britijb Kings, and Belinus his Son, 
yet Mr. Camden and others have fhew'd that they are rather 
to be attributed to the Romans* being repaired and made as 
it were quite anew (whereas before they were very mean) 
by Trajan* after he had redue'd the Britains to obedience. 
fiefides which Ways he alfo made divers other lejfer ones 
here, and perhaps thefe Chijfels that have occaiion'd this 
Letter may be tome of thofe us'd by the Souldiers in his 
Reign* though before his time Ads of this kind were per- 
formed by the Roman Souldiers* who alfo fore'd the Britains 
to undergo the fame Drudgery, which occafion'd them to 
complain to Agricola* as if they were too feyerely and hardly 
dealt with. The fame Works were carry'd on alfo after- 
wards, particularly by Lollius Urbicus* Legate to Antoninus Pius* 
When thefe Ways were thus repaired* extraordinary Caution 
was likewife us'd to diftinguiih difficult Places* and to direct 
Travellers* by fetting up Stones in thofe Pajfages that Were 
crofs and lead to feveral diftinft Towns. Tbefe Stones were 
large « and were facred to Hermes or Mercury* who prefided 

m See the Figures of feme of them in Dr. Gale's Comm. upon Auto* 
ninus*s hin. p. 16. See alfo ibid. pag. 39. & in pag. 134, 135, 
Mr. Leland (Vol, primo hin. Fol. 101.) takes the Stones defcrib'd 
by Dr. Gale p. 16. to have been Trophies of the Romans. Con- 
fult alfo for this Subje& Spot's Mifcellanea erudite antiquitatis, 
where is a Di/eourfe about thefe Stones t with the forms of divers 
that he met with. Others may be Teen in Reinefius pag. 295, 
296. one of which is concerning the refioring of the Appian 
Way. And Mr, Camden (pag. 147. Brit. Ed. opt.) mentions 
fome found near the River Ifc or E* in Devonjb. with Anglo- 
Saxonic, or rather Danijb Letters. Which are likewife infilled 
upon, with others, by Dr. Cbildrey, Brit. Bat. p. 24. 28. Yet they 
jjpem originally to have been put to another ufe. over 



136 A Difcourfe concerning fimo 

over High-Wigs. Thence they are call'd alfo Hernue ; but 
thefe Stones were not hewen as the Sums were that pav'd 
the Ways, but were left roughs according to the Rules laid 
down in the Gromatical Writers : the xgalon whereof fcema 
to have been that they might not by this means offend the 
God Mercury j though methods were contrived to fix J*- 
fcripti$ns which were to advertife travellers : but thefe Stones 
were different from the Saxa milUaria, which were polifh'd 
and (bmetimes curieufiy wrought, juft like that which was 
found at London feveral years ago in * Canon Street, and is 
look'd upon fi to have been one of the antient Groma, or 
rather Grum* 9 otherwife call'd Normee and Canones, whereof 
there is an accurate Account in Salmafiuis Exercitations upon 
flirtyy. And 'tis without doubt from this Gruma or Canon 
(hat the (aid Street receiv'd it's Name. 
.M. m^ v L §• *• If it be aik'd how it comes to pafs that 
l^T^SSt thefe Inftruments of the Remans are of Brafs ra- 
#nan Firtuein Brafi. ther than any other Metal f it may be replyM that 
Brafi u they tem- they as well as the Pf^/r of feveral other Nations 
^J / ^ oddcnauw in former Times thought there was an extraordi- 
nary Virtue in Brafs, Whence it was that they us'd 
brafs Inftruments when the Moon was in an Eclipfe I, think- 
ing that by the beating of them fhe would the more eafily 
be recover'd from her Labour, which Cuftom almoft univer- 
fally ppevaiTd. And 'twas upon account of this peculiar 
Virtu* fuppos'd to be in Brafs that the Inftruments made ufe 
of in the f acred Offices were in the more early Times all of 
Brafs, that the Tufcans us'd Brafs-Pbugb-S bares 1, when their 
Cities were built, and that the Priefts of the Sabins were 
fhav'd with Brafs Razours{. Hefiod himfelf tells * lis that 
(he Antients us'd Brafs Inftruments before Jron ones : 

X*A*£ y f{pt£af*»' fjt'tXMf ¥ it* Wsl cikt+. 

At which time not only their Arms d- but their Houfes were 
likewise of Brafs : 

7>7f ^ IZ tfl*Xt* ft TtVtf*, £«Aftf«# N 71 •1X41. I 

« No finery nofv abeut it. fi See Gale's Comm. upon Anteninus 
p. go. y Pag. 669, & feqq. I See £iw7 lib. XXVI. c. 5. Edit. 
Oxen, i Of Brafs Chariotts amongft the Antients, fee my Diary 
Vol. 26. p. 93. £ Rbodigini antiq. Letlt. lib. XIX. c. 10. 
» Bjy. i£ H/a. lib. I. v. 1 50. B- but their Houfes were likewife 
cf Brafs.'] 1 might here likewife have faid fomething of the Brafs 
Phariots of the Ancients. But for that I refer you to 1, l. c, 3, 
of Scbefer'i excellent Work de re vehiculori. 1 Ibid. v. 149. 



Antiquities found in York-lhire. 137 

Tht Cujtom might prevail as well in Britain as elftwhtre, 
iron being not fo very plentiful in the firft times of the Ro- 
mans, however it might increafe afterwards when the Bathe 
Forge m was ere&ed, and all proper methods us'd upon that, 
occafion. Mr. Camden himfelf in pag. 1 37. of his Brit. (Edit. 

2t.) takes notice that the Weapons of the Greek s^ Cimbri and 
retains were made of Brafs j and he inflances in feveral 
that were dug up at Mounts-bay in Cornwall. And 'tis for 
the fame reafon that the moft early Gale* were of the fame 
Metal p. Nor ought it to be wonder'd how the Brafs Chif 
feh could be apply'd to the Stone without breaking to pieces 
immediately, more than that the Phugb-Sbares did not fuffer 
the fame Damage in calling up the Ground and grating againft 
the Stones with more violence. The Brafs in thofe early 
times was of a different nature from ours, and fo temper'd 
as to endure much longer and with lefs inconvenience in tht 
feveral operations to which y imploy'd. 

$. 9. I have finhVd what I have to lay at pre- ^ « . 

Cent upon thefe old Inftruments, As for another found in^iw/Xt 
Piece of Antiquity which you tell me you have in are Damfi. 
your Collefjtion, namely a Spur that is no lefs than 
6; Inches long fironi the Heel to the Middle of the Rowel, 
which you take to be of a much later date than the other 
Monuments f we have one in the Bodlejan R/poJitory of much 
the fame length, of which J have made mention in my Ad- 

m Which I take to have been a Fabrica Armorum, and not a 
Fabric* of a Jingle Legion only, as perhaps fome Learned Men 
may fuggeft. Every particular Legion had it's Fabri Ferraris', but 
it does not appear that a diftinct Fabrica was slotted to each. Nor 
docs an h/cription in Reinefius (pag. $39.) evince the contrary, 
bat rather makes for this fuppojitien* C. Ancharius Butychus is men- 
tion'd there to have been one of the Fabri Ferrarii of the XXth. 
Legion ; and ^ Ancharius Nicoftratus is called FAB. ET 
PRjEF. FABR. LEG. XX. ButFABR. in this Place 
does not fignify FABRIC^, as if there was a diftLnft Fa- 
brica belonging to the XXth. Legion, but Fabrorism $ and we hence 
leant that Nicoftratus was not only one of the Fabri % but the 
chief of thofe in the XXth* Legion, and that though he was in 
that iefpc& prafeSus, yet he was fubjeft to another fuperior 
VrafcBus that was Govemour of the Fabrica in which Arms were 
made for that as well as for feveral other Legions, fi Laureutii Po- 
tymatbia, pag. 305. col. 1. u> which Place is an account of the 
Buccula 9 and of the Crifta placM upon the Helmets pf (he An- 
(jentj, whence the modern Crefts, ///wuRawl, 

ditions 



138 A Difconrfe concerning feme 

eEtions * to Sir John Salmon's Life of King Alfred. There 
have been feveral others found in England, and you have 
juftly gue&'d you^s to be more modern than the other /«- 
jfiruments. For thefe Spurrs are certainly Danijb, as appears 
from Wermiuiz Monumenta Danicafi, where he has given us 
the Figure of one, and there is an account of divers.others 
towards the latter End of his Mufeum, one of which is a 
Foot and fome odd Inches in Length. 
Concfafion. §. 10. I have been the more particular upon this Subje&+ 
becaufe I do not remember that it has as yet been treated 
of by any of our Antiquaries ; and I was willing to difcufs 
feveral other Points that occasionally offer'd themlelves when' 
I began to confider it. Conjectures in Affairs of this nature 
are allowable, and accordingly I have made ufe of them ; 
but I have endeavour'd to keep my felf within die Bounds of 
Modefty, and I leave the whole to your better Sagacity. If I 
have fuggefted any thing that may be of ufe to you, as well 
as ferve to gratify your Curiofttj, it will be abundant Cttif- 
fa&ion to, 

SIR, 



Oxon. Dee. Your ohlig'd humble Servant, 

Tho. Hearne. 



20 th 1709, 



SINCE the Publication of this Difcourfe I find that 
Begems y hath given fome Account of the fame kind of 
Inftruments. He reckons them amongft the ancient celtes 9 
which were chiefly made ufe of in cutting Infcriptions upon 
Sepulchral Monuments. And this Opinion will very well 
agree with, and in no fmall meafure confirm, what I have 
noted, viz. that they are fome of the ancient Chiflels. And 
being found in Forreign Countries, as well as Britain, we 
may from thence learn that they are not properly Britijb 
Weapons, but rather Roman. 

Sepulchral Monuments, amongft the Ramans, were look'd 
upon as very facred, and fevere Punifhments were inflided 
iupon fuch as prefum'd to violate them. Which Mul&s were 

• Pag- 43- l P*g- 50. y In p. 419. of the Hid. Vol. of the 
Brandenburg Antiquities. 

fometime^ 



Antiquities found in York-fhire. 239 

femetimes pecuniary, and Cautions againft their Violation 
are frequently given in the Infcriptions themfelves to fuch as 
Aould view them* Hence in a Monument on the Eaft Side 
of our Theater Yard at Oxr o rd we have a Prohibition a* 
gainft the Alienation of it either by Sale or Gift, and a pecu- 
niary Penalty of 30. thou&nd Sejlertii (for H— S, or rather 

LL — S, XXX. M. N. is the fame as Sejlertii triginta mittia 
tutmmwn) is injoyn'd to fuch as fhould be guilty of this Crime; 
which Money was a great Sum, and was immediately to be 
lodgM in the Ark* ( not Arc* y which were lefs confiderable) 
of the Pontificef. And the better to (hew the great defire that 
the Eie&ors of it had, that the lcaft injury fhould not be done 
to it, thefe Letters H. M. D. M. A. (which fignify buic mo- 
nument* dolus malus abefto) were added at the end* The 
fame Letters, or others to the fame purpofe, were alfo often 
put on Qtber Monuments, and were as well underftood as if 
d^e yirords hgd been ingrav'd at full length. But that thofe 
that are Curious .and exa£k in thefe Studies may be the better 
fatisfyM, and may be able the inore eafily to make their own 
Obfervations, I mail publifl) the Infcription at large ; and 
efpecially for this reafon, becaufe J find that 'tis not printed 
with that due exa&nef? as could have been wifh'd in the 
jdarnwrp Oxonienfia * 

D M 

F* ABLIO' AVC XXB* 
ERAS I NO' OV^CISSIMO 
XT* PIENTISSIMO 
AEMILXA* HELENS' yCGIVNX 
BT* P* P' ABLll' AVG* LIB. 
IfVSICVS* BT HBLENVS* F I L V 
VBCERVNT* BT* SIBI* BT' SVls* LIBBRTIS* LIBBR 
TABVSQVB' POSTERieqjrS* EORVM 
IT A* NBLICEAT* ^HYKC MVHIMENTVM' VENDER? 
FBL DONARE* <QTOD* SIFACTVM' FVBRIT* 
FTRIJ^UB' A*k # PONTIFICVM' 

* IIS '' xx *' M* W { FOE NAB NOMJNE 
fNFBRBT* W H* D' M* A* 

m Pag. 148. fi Non ERASINIO. ut in Marm. Oxon. 
y CONIVNX perpertm in Marm. Oxon. I Non HOC- MO- 
NVMENTVM- ut in Marm. Oxon. 1 Sic. in lap. non tf-S. ut 
jo Marm. Ox. { Non PAENAE, ut in Marm. Ox. 

It 



140 A Difiourfe concerning feme 

It may be farther noted that not only the Stones, but even 
the Ground for fuch a Diftance was efteem'd as holy. For 
this reafon we have in old Monuments fo many Feet in agr* 
fcf in fronte. Since therefore Funeral Monuments were held 
fo facred, 'tis no wonder that the moft facred Sort of Metal 
was imploy'd in cutting and ingraving the Inscriptions upon 
them. The depth of the Letters required no great Force in 
the Operation, at leaft not a greater than was confident with 
the Strength of fuch a Metal. But allowing this, why fhould 
the Romans ufe it on other occasions, namely in paving the 
High-Ways and in forming their Camps, when Iron, a more 
proper Metal, might be fo eafily procured by them ? Several 
curious Obfervations and Reflections might be made in Re- 
ply to this Queftion ; but all I fhall fay in anfwer to it is, that 
the Romans were a very Religious People, and they thought 
that the more venerable for it's Sacrednefs the Metal they 
made ufe of was, fo much the more profperous the Works 
they rais'd by the help of it would be. Apollo, Mars and 
Mercury, as well as the other Gods, appear frequently amongft 
thofe Figures on Monuments of Antiquity that are owing to 
the Romans. This is wholly to be attributed to their Religion. 
And 'tis a notable inftance of it that we have in the Stunsfield 
teflellated Pavement, where Apollo Sagittarius (who, for the 
Affiftance he is fuppos'd to have given in Military Affairs, in 
an Infcription in the learned Mr. Gale's valuable Edition 
of Antoninus* is ftyl'd Mars BelatvcaDrvs) is re- 
prefented with a Jaculum in one Hand, and a Patera (made 
like a Cantbarus) in the other, thereby (hewing bow necef- 
fary it is that even in Matters of War the Offices of Religion 
fhould be ftri&ly obferv'd,.*nd that no A£tion of that Kind 
fhould be undertaken without paying the greateft Adoration 
to, and having the moft profound Reverence for, the Gods, 
particularly for fuch as were fuppos'd to intereft themfelves 
more nearly upon fuch occafions. It nuift indeed be allow'd 
that Brafs (as we ufe it now) was not fo fit for cutting and 
polifhing fuch Stone? as wcjc of a more hard and firm Sub- 
ltance. But then (not to take notice that our Inftrument in 
the Bodlbjan Repofitory is very much' blunted and bro- 
ken in the Operation to which it had been imploy'd) we are 
withal to confider that they had fuch ways of tempering it as 
would render it capable of undergoing the utmoft Violence. 
This method I mention'd before. 'Tia call'd temperatura du* 

rtjfwia 



Antiquities f$und in Yoric-ihfce. 141 

rijjfcma by Montfaucon *, who gives |nftances of Brafe Inftru- 
ments as hard as Iron. And Leiand himfelf mentions £ Axes 
for War, and' Swords of Copper that had been found at 
GnaverJJake Bay in Cornwall to fay nothing of the Brafs Hel- 
met in Lambeausy. This is certain, that had not this way of 
tempering it been of old time in very great Perfe&ion, 'tis 
not conceivable how or why all their Arms fhould be made 
of Brafe, as without doubt they were. The Scripture tells ^ us 
that Goliah's Helmet, Boots (or Greaves) and Shield were all 
of Brafe. Upon which occafion Chiffietius notes s that all the 
Military Inftruments were of Brafs, at the fame time obferving 
that they had a particular way of tempering it,notwithftanding 
loft afterwards. And this is confirm'd from the Parian Chro- 
nicle in which 'tis noted that Iron was not found out 'till about 
1 86. Years before the Trojan War. Upon which Account 
'tis that we have fo frequent mention of Brafs Arms and Brafs 
Spears in Homer y by whom Vulcan is calTd £ xXurm^nf, i. e. 
according to the Scholiaft, • Wfe< M #*?umvtum> »}•{+-• Alcmtts 
alfo, a very ancient Poet, in an excellent Fragment of him 
preferv'd by Atben*us^ tells us of 3 very large Houfe moft 
neatly ftiriuflied with Brafs Arms, fuch as Helmets, Boots or 
Greaves, Bred Plates, Shields, Swords, Belts, and Coats of 
Mail, as may appear from the Words themfelves, which I 
fhall tranferibe at large, chiefly for the ufe of thofe who, in 
thefe Cafes, are not content with bare References unlefs they 
have alfo the very expreffions out of the Authors referred to : 

AdjVU Ktf&UTtgSfl' IT7MJ AO0W 

NfvWir, xtfcfrcurit ctrJjpvr «;«Afutrtt. 
hJjxjhm it <B*esuAoi€ Xfwrroiw 
TlffiKHfjitvcu Xec^tTfcu jtrecpjAr 
E^cor i^jo&xk, d Sdftu&t rt fit? Aary, 
t KotKeu rt Karaanhf IfCAjf/ttro?. 

«'Diar. Itil. p. 24. /9 Itin. Vol. III. fol. 5, y Bibl. Findob. 
Vol. I. p. 83. ft Sam. XVII. 1 la his Vefontio Civ it a i p. 1 69. 
£ fl. a. 571. « Deipnof. L. XIV. p.627. Ed. Lugd. MDCXII. 
S- Vel $v&xU it »* aJ»# Dorice (thoracis nempe novi lini % id eft, 
linei govt) vel kmht r% tii\tft f legend, eflc cenfet If. Cafaubonus. 
4 Caf. legit, Km^ 5 Ȥ awih$ 0f?Aqpif#r, jacent in mcu sedibus &T 
ifyfit occi/orum. vel. K*5i i$ km: Script! quidam li»A«pfNy* quod 
ctiara ferri potcft, inquit vir d. V*f 



141 A Difiaurfi concerning fomt 

flip Si XjOju&xm oovdsi, 

/3 rifdinsa -urn igyor tsapt r tSA. 

Cafaubon notes that in the abovefaid Verfes out of Aketut 
fome read z*Xt£hx*4 wr*&«i for frXxthx*) mrm&*f. Whicb 
Emendation he by no means allows. For the Ancients call'd 
Inftruments made of Brafs opera Chalcidica y becaufe Works of 
this kind began firft to be wrought at Chalets in Eubara, as 
'twas thougnt. Thence Stephanas de Vrbibus : Tm* x«a«- 
htt $*rl xXn&if*f, 2l& r * Z****ffyu* <b&™ wmf munis •?##»«/. 
Upon this occafion it may be farther obferv'd that tho' the 
word Ktwin amongft the old Greeks was properly underftoo* 
of fuch a galea as was made of a Dog's skin, yet that in thi» 
Fragment we are to take it in a different Senfe, fo as to be 
meant of galea that confiftcd of Brafs, and were not diftinffc 
fton the caffides. And I do not doubt but that even amongft 
the Romans in the more early Ages their galea too were not 
always made of Leather, notwithftandin^ the Etymology of 
the Word* but oftentimes of Brafs. I might here enter into 
Difpute about the Antiquity of the word eajjis, (which more 
anciently was written cajjida or cajjfla) and the true Significa- 
tion of it, and illuftrate feveral particulars in ancient Hiftory 
relating to Military Affairs. But thefe are Speculations that 
require more time than I can command at prefent; and there- 
fore referring the Reader that defires full fatisfa&ton about the 
Matter and Form of the Military Arms mention'd by Horner^ 
and the other old Authors, to Everardus Feitbius's Antiquita- 
tes Homeric* (which is a moft excellent, ufeful Book, and 
very fit to be recommended to all young Gentlemen that 
ftudy the ancient Greek Clafficks) all I (hall now farther ob- 
serve is, that foon after the Publication of the V lh . Volume of 
this Work, my honoured Friend Dr. Richard Richardson 
(an ingenious, judicious, and learned Phyfician of North 
Brierfy in the Weft Riding of York/hire, and formerly a Mem- 
ber of University College in Oxford) was pleas'd to fend 
me a Letter, in which, amongft other Particulars, he hath 

m Lego xv7nurlh<. Hefychius miimnt, <&%>*(& *§ #tSf*- iB&-- 
Ex Alcaeo colligi poteft, cingulum militate its di&um, aut aliquam 
altaxn armature partem. Plura Suidaa, apud quern fcriptum *•- 
tomjk . C*f**k. # Corrigo «&»***, quia frimi ftetimus in ea 
pvgna. Caf. 

thought 



Antiquities found in York-fliire. 143 

thought fit to give his Opinion about thcfe old Inftruments ; 
which tho* it be different from mine, yet 'tis deliver'd with 
all that Candour and Modefty which becomes a good Chri- 
stian and a good Scholar, as will more evidently appear 
from the Letter it felf, which, for the fake of the Publick, I 
Hull here fubjoyn. 

Sir, 

Having read over your elaborate Edition of Leland's Iti- 
nerary to the End of the Fifth Vol. (for which the curious, 
especially fuch as ftudy our Englifh Antiquities, are much 
obliged to you) I find it adorned with a great many learned 
Remarks upon the Antiquities of feveral Counties, moft of 
your own, and Come communicated toyou by Friends, which 
add a very great Luftre to the Work. This has induced me to 
look over fome difperfed Papers relating to a few of the An- 
tiquities that 1 have obferv'd in the Weft-Riding of Yorldhire, 
which I had chiefly taken notice of fome Years ago. If they 
will be ferviceable to you in any refped, I give you free li- 
berty of making what ufe of them you pleafe ; tho' I wifh I 
had time to reduce them into that agreeable Method, as 
might render them fit for .the Publick. The Obfervations 
are tuft, and fuch as you may depend upon. Mr. Camden 
has left us a very flight Account of the Weft-Riding of York- 
shire, especially of that Part joyning upon Lancalhire, which 
affords as many Curiofities both of Art and Nature as any 
Part of England, and doubtlefc would afford as great Satis- 
faction to any diligent and learned Inquirer. 

Of Britifh Antiquities, that are certainly fuch, I can give 
but a very flendtr Account, only I have feveral Heads of 
I>arts that are Flints of feveral Colours found here by plough- 
ing, and are looked upon as Britifh. And I have met with 
feveral Britifh Words that are ftill in ufe, fuch as Laghton 
for a Garden, which I take to be a Bed, or Hillock, of Leeks ; 
KauntSy a barren and fteep piece of waft Ground, which 
feems to me to be a Derivative from the Irifh Word Kuanna> 
a Mountain \ befides many others, which I cannot now re* 
member : tho' I doubt not but a much greater number may 
be difcoveied by any Perfon skilled in the Britifh Language. 

I have now by me one of thofe Brafs Inftruments found at 
Kiddale, and given me by William Ellis Efq; , Proprietor of 
the Place, which feems exadly to agree with the Draught 
font you by Mr. Thoresby, upon which you have with much 
Learning and Judgment given us your thoughts j but (with 

Submiffion 



S44 ^ Dijcourfi csuurningfin 

Submiffion to much better Judges) I am induced to thinly 
that thefe Inftruments did not belong to the Romans, nor 
were imployed to any ufe yet affigned them : and that they 
were not the Heads of ftaves belonging to the Britains (as 
Mr. Thoresby believes ) I think you have given full Satis- 
faction. 

That thefe Inftruments were caft in a Mould is very evi- 
dent, not only by the Seams on the Sides, but by the very 
Sand in which they were caft, this of mine being very nigh 
half filled with it. The Compofitian I take to be the fame 
with our Brafs Pots, and to confift of two Parts of courfe 
Copper, and one of Lead. Thefe Inftruments are alfo too 
much hollowed, and too thin, to be imployed for cutting of 
Wood or Stone. And withal being fixed to a Handle or 
Shaft, they muft be driven into Wood or Stone by the force 
of a Hammer ; which great force not only the Brittlenefs 
ahd Softnefs of the Metal doth not admit of, but they muft 
alfo by fuch Violence be burft in Pieces. And befides I do 
not fee why we fhould afiign fuch fervile ufes to a Metal 
fo facred to the Romans, when this part of Britain affords 
one much fitter for the purpofe you imploy thefe Inftru- 
ments to. That Iron was made in this Neighbourhood in 
the time of the Romans a late Difcovery has fufficiently 
convinced mc. Upon removing a heap of Cinders to repair 
the High* Ways withal, a good Quantity of Copper Roman 
Coyns were discovered, feme of which I have now in my 
poffefEon. Thefe were of Conftantine,. Conftantius, Dio- 
cletian, and of the Ufurper Caraufius. This Coifntry a- 
bounds with fuch heaps of Cinders, though we have not fo 
much as any Tradition that ever Iron was made there* 
That the Romans underftood the Tempering of Steel to a 
very great Nicety the ftately Monuments of Granate and 
Porphyry ftill at Rome are Evidence for us. If it be al- 
lowed that the Romans made Iron in thefe Parts, and un- 
derftood the Tempering of it, I do not fee why a left fit 
Metal, and alfo of more Value, fhould be fubftitute to it. 
But I muft ftill own my felf at a lofs to apply a proper 
ufe to them, though I am not fatisfyed with any that has 
been affigned. The laft Summer I met with a MS. Account 
d* jfntiquitatibus InfuUe Mona in the Hands of my worthy 
and learned Friend Mr. Fowke nigh Ruthin in Denbyfhire, 
fent him to perufe by Mr. Rowland a Clergyman of An- 
glefey, and Author of it, in which I found the defigns of fo- 
veral Brafs Inftruments of the fame Form with ours, having 

alfo 



Antiquities found in Yoric-fliire; 145 

alb a Loop at die Side, though not a fourth part fo large. 
Thefe were found in Anglefey, and by him taken to be die 
Heads of Britifh Darts. Though I cannot believe that thefe 
of ours were ever rmployed to that ufe, yet I am inclinable 
to think they are Remains of the lame People. And if li- 
berty of Conjedure may be allowed, perhaps they have 
been Axes ufed in facrificing fome of the fmaller Quadru- 
peds by the ancient Britains, and might have been fixed to 
a crooked Handle after the manner here meanly defigned, 
the Loop on the Side ferving to make the Inftrument more 
firm by putting a Wire through it, and tying it to the Shaft; 
but this I wholly fubmit to your Judgment. 



**v- 




As for Roman Antiquities, that are certainly fuch, there 
have been great Quantities of their Coyn difcovered in this 
Neighbourhood within the memory of Man 5 but none of 
very early Date. The firft I met with was difcovered at 
Sowerby within the Parifh of Hallyfax, a little above the 
Town, nigh the High-Way, and fome of them were given 
me by Mr. John Hargraves of Hallyfax, one of Nerva, one 
of Vefpafian,one of Trajan, and one of Hadrian, all of Silver, 
and well preferved, but nothing material in their Reveries. 
About twenty Years agoe were found feveral Hundreds of 
Coyns of the following Emperors nigh Heaton within the 
Parifh of Burftall, in a Field called Hedlefhaw. Being Pro- 

Srictor of the Place, great Quantities of them (all ofmixt 
fetal) came to my Hands, viz. of Heliogabalus, Severus 
Vol.I. K Alexander, 



146 A Difcourfi concerning fomt 

Alexander, Gallienus, Gallus, Philippus, Decius, Gordianus 
Pius, the Ufurper Poftumus* and of feveral others which I 
have not time to look out. There were alio not long fince 
divers large Copper Medals found at Hoveldge within the 
Townfhip of Hipperholme in a thick Glafs Veflel. Thofe I 
got were of Dioclefian, Alledus and Caraufius, and doubtlefs 
there^ were divers others, tho' they were difperfed before I 
had intelligence of them. Some alfo of later Date I was 
fliown not long agoe found fallen from a Precipice of Stain- 
land, but much defaced by time. Tho' we have many Bar- 
rows within the Cumpace often Miles from this Place, yet I 
dare not affirm any of them to be Roman, no Remains of 
that Nation being found nigh them that have come to my 
knowledge. 

Mr. Camden places Olacana at Ilkley, and die diftance from 
Ifurium agrees with his opinion. The Roman Altar alfo found 
there and the Allufion to the Name contribute to confirm it. 
But then there is this to be faid againft it» that tho* I have 
made great Inquiries, yet I cannot find that ever zxk Me- 
dals, Urns, or any other Antiquities of that kind have been 
difcovered at this Place. So that I began to queftion the 
truth of Mr. Camden's Opinion, 'till of late meeting with the 
Reverend Mr. Roberts Redor of Linton in Craven, and in- 
. quiring whether he had met with any thing remarkable nigh 
that Place, he told me he had obferved a paved Way of an 
unufual Breadth betwixt Hainworth and Cullingwortn in the 
Parifh of Bingley, which doubtlefs mult have been a Roman 
Way. It appears there bare, being above twelve Feet 
broad, and neatly fet of fuch Stones as the Place afforded. 
It's Statelinefs (hows it's Original, and you may trace it 
where the Ground is pretty hard, a Ridge appeanng higher 
than the Surface of the Earth in fome Places bein^ only co- 
vered with Grafs, tho' I have been informed that it is often 
met with at feveral Feet deep upon the Moors in digging for 
Piers. It crofles the Height of Harding Moor, where it is 
vifible in feveral Places, and points at a Place called the 
Moor Houfe above Morton, and appears again, as I have been 
told, .upon Rumlefsmoore, and thence lead&to Ilkley. Nigh 
this Way upon the Moor before mentioned are two large 
heaps of Stones called Skirts of Stones y one of them ftill of a 
Conical Figure, but much the lefler. ' From the other have 
been removed vaft Quantities of Stone imployed in walling 
the Neighbouring Inclofures within the memory of Man. 
The Remainders are now thrown abroad, and cover a con- 

fiderable 



Antiquities found in York-fhire. 147 

fiderable piece of Ground. If thefe had been heaps of Earth, 
or fo much as covered with Earth, being fo nigh the Way, 
I fhould have believed them to have been tumult of the Ro- 
mans. But being only heaps of Stones, I (hall fufpend my 
thoughts till I am informed that the Romans ever ere&ed 
fuch Monuments over their Dead. Ilkley now is a very 
mean Place, and chiefly famous for a cold Well which has done 
very remarkable Cures in fcrophulous Cafes by bathing in, 
and drinking of, it. The laft (hows it to be a Vitriolike Wa- 
ter, tho* I have made no farther Tryal of it. The Stones 
Mr. Camden obferved in the Church- Yard are now broken 
down, and much defaced, tho' fome Fragments of them ftill 
remain in the adjoyning Walls, and upon one of them is * 
placed a Dyal, on the Weft Side of which is an human Fi- 
gure (tho 9 much injured by time) with a Glory about his Head, 
which fhows theic Monuments not to be of that Antiquity 
Mr. Camden makes them, and not to claim a farther Date 
than that of Chriftianity in Britain. Perhaps this might have 
been the Tutelar Saint of the Place. But I take them to be 
of the fame kind, and ereded upon the fame account with 
thofe Dr. Plot has obferved ereded in the like places in 
Stafibrdfhire. Upon the Tops of Harding Moor, not far 
from the above mentioned Way, was fhown me by Benja- 
min F&rand Efq; another Skirt of Stones, much lefs than the 
two former, and nigh it a Row of Stones placed in a Line 
nigh 200. Paces in length 5 but few of them appear above 
two Feet above the Heath, and fome lye hid under it. That 
thefe Stones were placed here by deiign no Perfon that fees 
diem can doubt ; but for what End 1 cannot conjecture, 
having never feen any thing of this kind before. There is no 
Tradition of them* Befides being out of all Roads, they are 
known to few. Tis probable the Way that leads to Ilkley 
may be found upon die Moors leading from thence to Ifu- 
rium, now Aldburrough, nigh which rlace are to be feen 
thofe noble Antiquities the DeviFs Arrows^ which I have 
feveral times beheld with much Admiration, and had lately 
an opportunity of taking their exaft Dimenfions, which I do 
not remember I have any where obferved before. The 
tailed of them is now 24. Feet above Ground, and in cir- 
cumference at the Bafis about 18. Feet. The fecond about 
J. Feet lower, and nigh the Bafis pretty much of the fame 
ignefs. The third, which is much the largeft, tho 9 lower 
than the fecond by 3. Feet, is above 24. Feet in circumfe- 
rence at the Bafis. The Form of all thefe is alike from Top 
K 2 to 



148 A Difeourfe tenanting fimi • 

to Bottom, being pcrfcd Parallelograms. The Tops have 
fuffered very much by Weather. How thefe came to be 
called rude and unpouihed Stones, I know not. But any 
Perfon upon fight of them mufi confcfe the contrary. That 
they are artificial Stones muft alfo be acknowledged an Er- 
ror, being of the fame fort of Gritt our Mill-Stones are ufual- 
ly made of. And indeed of this fort of courfe Stone moft of 
toe Bafs Relievo's, Altars, and Roman Buildings now ex- 
fiant are made. I fuppofe the impoffibility of removing thefe 
Stones from far was the occafion that they were looked upon 
to be artificial, and made upon the Place, there being no 
Quarries of Stone of this kind within ten Miles of the Place 
where they are ereded. One of them now (lands in a Gar- 
den, and when I took the Dimenfions the Gardener told me 
he had dug to the Bottom of it, and faid it was feven Feet 
within Ground, not ftanding upon any Pedeftal, but had a 
round Bottom. The Ground being then loofe, at my requeft, 
he dug three or four Feet deep, where the Stone appeared 
wrought by Art, the Impreflion of the Tool being ftill to be 
feen. So that I am fatisned that the Inequalities that appear 
upon thefe Monuments are purely the Effe&s of Time. I 
could not hear of any Medals, or any other Remains found 
nigh them that might give us a clear Infight to what Nation 
they belonged 5 but being within a Mile of Ifurium (an un- 
doubted Roman Colony) and alfo nigh the Watling-Street, 
we may reafonably imagin them to be Remains of the 
fame People. Againft this there lyes one material Obje&on, 
(viz.) If thefe be Trophies of the Komans 9 fei up in memory of 
fome remarkable Viclory over the Britains 9 why Jhould they not 
have endeavoured to perpetuate it by fome Infcription f which 
the Romans were vain-glorious enough to do every where upon 
the like and left Occafions f But the Regularity of thefe Mo- 
numents {how that they belonged to fome polite Nation, 
which we cannot allow the Britains to be, 'till they became 
Scholars to the Romans. And of lower Date no Antiquary 
will allow them to be. In Heaton Fields, nigh the HedJe- 
fhaw where the Roman Coyns before mentioned were found, 
is a high piece of Ground called Stun/leads^ where have been 
ploughed up feveral Coyns (one of Septim: Severus, and 
one of Pertinax, both of Silver, I have now by me ) and alfo 
Foundations of Buildings. I have fometime thought this was 
Cambodunum, but that the diftance from Calcaria to Cam- 
bodunum (which Mr. Camden makes to be Almondbury) 
afllgned by Antoninus feeras more agreeable. But fince I 

have 



Antiquities found in York-Aire. 14^ 

lave mentioned Almondbury, I tfrHl endeavour to give you 
a better Idea of the Place than has hitherto been done. 
In the Town I never met with any thing remarkable. 
Neither upon Inquiry have I heard of any Altars, Urns, 
or any kind of vaja, or Medals, that have been found nigh 
it, which might farther confirm Mr, Camden's Opinion. 
Caftle Hill ftands at a good diftance from the Town, and I 
believe was the chief motive to fix this Station here. The 
Top of the Hill, which feems to contain five, or fix, Acres of 
Ground is furrounded with a large Bank of Earth, which re* 
mains pretty intire to this Day. The Area, which is of an 
oblong Figure, inclines to the Eaft, where it was only ac- 
ceffible. This Area is fubdivided into three by two deep 
Ditches, that upon any Attack the befieged might retreat 
from the firft Area to the fecond, which is higher, and fecured 
by a Ditch, and fo, upon Cafe of Neceffity, to the third which 
Commands both the other, upon which a Beacon now ftands. 
Mr. Camden mentions the Foundation of a Caftle in this 
Place ; but I am certain if ever there was one, it muft have 
been before the Hill was fecured by this Bank of Earth, 
which, as I have faid before, incompaffes the whole Hill, 
and feems to be it's chief Barrier. There is now in an Inclo- 
fure nidi Kirkleys (within four Miles of Almondbury) the 
Seat of Sir John Armytage Baronet, a Camp of a fquare 
Form containing two, or three Acres of Ground, fecured J>y 
a Bank of Earth and a Ditch, which has given Name to the 
Ground, being called Caftle Field,, tho' there was never any 
Building in it. Nigh Cullingworth before mentioned there 
is a Camp of a circular Form called now Ca/flt-Jieadj tho 9 
I am fatisfyed there was never any Building there. There is 
one of this kind upon Thorton Height, and another upon 
Wike More of the fame Form. From whence it appears 
that thefe Places of Defence were called Caftles, tho' never 
any 'Building there ereded. I am induced to believe that 
Caftle Hill was a Fortification of the fame kind, and no- 
thing more. 

The Cuftom of calling Perfons only by their Chriftian 
Names, and the Place of Abode of either Father or Grand- 
Father without naming any Sir-Names is much in ufe in the 
Parifh of Hallyfax (a Place of great Extent) efpecially nigh 
Heptonftall, as v. g. Richard of Chriftophers, of the Green- 
wood, Richard of Williams, of Roberts, of the Hoohale. 
So that a Perfon may dwell amongft them for fome Years, 

K 3 and 



Ijp A Difaur/i morning fmt> &c« 

and not know their Sir-Names; This feems to me to be 
introduced by the Saxons. 

This is the Subftance of what I have met with amongft 
fome negledted Papers, and alio what at prefent occurs to 
my memonr. If I meet with any thing farther worth your 
Notice it dull be communicated to you by 

Your Servant, 

R i c. Richardson. 



X x x X * 

x x x x 

xxx 

x x 

X 



THE 

ITINERARY 

O F 

JOHN LELAND 

THE 

A N T I QJJ A R Y. 



Vol. the Second. 



PublUh'd from the Original MS. in the 

BODLEIAN Library 

By Tho mas Hearne M. A. 



To which is prcfix'd 
M r . Leland's Noma upon the Death of 
Sir THOMAS WYATT; 

And at the End are annex'd 
(i.) An Account of feveral Antiquities in and about 
the Univerfity of Oxford. (a.) A Latin Oration 
fpoke before King Hbnryvii. at Cambridge. 
(3.) Dr. Plot's Account of an intended Journey 
through England and Waits. 



The Third Edition. 



OXFORD, 

Printed at AcTheatbr for James Fletcher, Bookfeller 

in the Turl; and Jofepb Pote, Bookfeller at Eaton. 

MDCCLXIX. 



ex: 
joannis parkhursti 

Ludicris five Epigrammatibus Juvcnilibus, 
Lo n d i n i anno mdlxxiii. editis, pag. 28. 



Noftra habet infignes, Lelandc y Britannia vafes, 
Te magis infigncm non habct ilia tamcn. 

Id bene teftantur prasclara Poemata nuper 
Edita, quae potuit compofuifle Maro. 

Perge ut coepifti, caeptum nee defere curium, 
£t patriam fcriptis condecorato tuis. 



Advertifement. 

Mr. Stowe has writ at the beginning of this 
Volume as follows, 

154a. Commcntaria Anglic John Layland of late writen 
by John Stowe in anno 2576, 

Lib. 1. 
quinta die Maij anno Dom. 2542. 
Bientfijfde from 



A 2 



I i 1 

" • - ^ — ^^ ^—^ — -»■ : 

PREFACE. 



TtS Approbation tho Firjl Volume of Mr. Literal's 
Iiirterary bmb met with from fevered Excellent Per- 
tons of great Candour, Learning and }wAgh*n% 
bmb eueeurafd me to pubSjb * Zteend Vitothe: mid. 
IwiBtate euro to communis* the remaining Parts to the Pub- 
lick with all convenient Expedition. 

/ mufl Hot noghR tbit opportunity to return my hearty 
tbanh mid acknowledgments to Mr. Hk«RT Pit iscot, 
Rcgiftex of Chefter, an ingenious, curkms mid learrtfd flW- 
U&wr of Antiquitie* $ who as foon at bt hoard of my Defigrt 
was pleds'd to osprsfs a more thorn ordinary eoncernfor tt $ by 
endeavouring to procure for my uje d Copy of fiik Folmtits if 
tbo Iojserarv wrttten by tho Hand of that eminent Antiqtfary 
Afr. John &tow, who died A. D. mbcv. fa ;A* jky^ TWrr qf 
bis Ag$ a. Mr. PkfiacoT found theft Volumes in Ait Hondo . 
of Robert Davu of Lhannereh m tho County of Den- 
bigh Effa who, upon Mr. Pk4sc6t's Sollicfcatiori, was in* 
dhid to lewd them to mo; arid too have no rtufen to doubt 
but be would home really done it, had he not been prevented by 
Death* which happen d foon after * to the no (mail Lofi of theft 
tbett jiudy our Brkifli Antiquities, in which ht was very tueft 
sHS'd, and was always ready to ajjift dnd encourage tbofe that 
apply tbemfehes to theft Studies, as may tartly appear from 
tie many Favours be conferred upon my late teamed Friend 
Mr. Edwabjd ft Lhuyd, Keeper of the Aflimolean Mit- 
feum, who diod on Thursday the 30* of June mdccix. (a 
little before one a Clock in (he Mofnlng ) within a few 



m See tie F0R0 Edition; of his Surrey of London pag. 152. b. 
and die beft Edition of hi* Annals p. Si f . b. fi See* the Preface 
to (he Fiift Volume of his Arebseologia Britannic a. 

A 3 Months 



6 THE PREFACE. 

Months after he bad been generoufly slewed to a profitable 
Poft by tbe Univirfity of Oxford. After Mr. Davies's 
Death, bis Library fell into the Hands of bis Son, an ingeni- 
ous, worthy young Gentleman, tab* as ie is of the [ami com- 
municative and generous Dijfofttion witb bis Father 9< /& tbert is 
food retsfon to hope that be will oblige me witb tbe uje ef Mr. 
tow's Tranfcript. If be JbaU pltafe to grant fiub a favour 
U one that is utterly a Stranger to him, and by that means 
deferve well of tbe Publick ; as I JbaU look upon it as a re- 
markable Inftance of Us Generality, /& 1 JbaU take all poffible 
tare to give a faithful Account of its Contents, and I will en- 
deavour to mate what Improvements lean by tbe Help of it. 
-To this Second Volume I have annex' d (i) An Account rf 
Jeveral Antiquities in and about tbe Unherfity ^Oxford. 
J could have made it much fuller and larger ', had net I been 
fenjible that this would have fwtU'd tbe Volume beyond it's due 
Proportion. Yet I thought once to have made fane Obferva- 
tions concerning tbe firft Original of Printing in Oxford; 
but that would have been in feme degree to have broke in upon 
the Province ef another Per/on, who has for above twenty Years 
been making Collections in order to write a compleat Htftery of 
the Original and Progrefs of Printing. The Materials be has 
procured are very curious, and fbew that the Collector has 
implefd bis time to good purpofe. Whenever they are Metho- 
dized and judicioujfy reduced into Order, they cannot fail of 
meeting witb Succefs, and giving ample Satisfa&ien to all 
fuch as are defirous to be acquainted with the Myfteries of this 
Art in all its Branches. (2) A Latin Oration fpoke before 
King Henry VII. at Cambridge, by a Learned Prelate. / 
light upon it in tbe Archives of the Bodlbjan Library. 
*Tts written on Vellam in a very neat Hand, and I guefs that 
'tis tbe Copv which was prefented to tbe King. Neither tbe 
Author's Name, nor tbe time when 'twas delivered are ex- 
prefid in the MS. It jpeaks of the Antiquity of Cambridge ; 
and therefore I thought it not forreign to the prefent Defign. 
(3) Dr. Plot's Account of a Journey which he intended to snake 
through England and Wales for cottefting Antiquities and 0- 
ther Curiohties, He was chiefly mov'd to this Attempt by the 
Example of Mr, Leland and Mr. Camden. His Propofal a- 
bout MSS. is highly commendable. Tis a general Complaint 
among/1 the beft Scholars that Travellers are flight in that 
p articular. They feldam take notice of what is meft valuable 
in Libraries, but content tbomfehes witb (lender Accounts of 

Things 



THE PREFACE. 

Things that have been objerv'd over and aver. Montfaucon 
was Jenfible of this ; ana for that reafon he took another Me-* 
tbody and has tmbliflfd an exafi Account of many of his Dis- 
coveries in his Diarium Italicum and his Pabeographia Graec*. 
The Sie was done by Mabillon. Both thefe Authors may be 
fitly proposed to fuch as defign to make their Travels realty ufeful 
to learned Readers, 

As I was looking over Mr. Leland's printed Pieces in the 
Bodlsjan Library, amonoft Mr. Selden's Books 1 met 
with his Naeniae upon the Death of Sir Thomas Wvatt 
( which came out at London in mdxlii, in one Jheet ana an 
oatf in Quarto, and was the firft thing he ever printed) 
corrt&ed with Mr. Leland's own Hand. I was /ion indu&d 
to reprint it with thefe Corrections, and I cannot find a proper er 




Afc.IUL 
Dec. 15* MDCCXt 



The 



C 8 1 



r ' ■ X 



Thp Life of 
S r . THOMAS W YAT T 

out of 

jtTHEWA QXO N. 

Vol. I. col. 49. 

THOMAS WYATK) The Delight of to Mufe» 
and Mankind, Son of Henry Jryatt of AUington- 
Caftle in Kent Knight and Bannerft, by Anne his 
Wife, Daughter of John Skinner of Surry, yas born 
of an ancient and gentile Family in the faid County of Kent y 
fent to Cambridge to be initiated in Academical Learning, 
tranfplanted thence to Oxon. purpofely to advance himfelf in 
knowledge by the hearing of the Cardinal's Le&ures, then 
lately fettl'd there ; but whether he took a Degree with us, 
or at Cambridge, I find not as yet. Afterwards he being fent 
to Travel, he return J d an accompliih'd Gentleman, and was 
efteem'd by all thofe that knew him to be a Perfon adorn 'd 
with the Endowments as well of Body and Mind, as of For- 
tune. By the daily and unwearied Praflice of the two former, 
while he was in his Travels, and after his Return, he became 
not onfy well skflFd in Military Matters, but alio in feveral 
Arts and Tongues : and as efteem'd ftrong and valiant in 
Body, fo powerful in Mind and Counfel. At length he with 
Henry Howard or Howard Earl of Surrey, (who alio had tra- 
vell'd into Italy, and there tailed the fweet and ftatelv Mea- 
sures and Style of the Italian Poefie) being efteem'd to be 
the firft Refiners of this Englijb Tongue, Wyatt was introduced 
into the Court, was belov'd of King Henry VIII. who ho- 
noured him with the Degree of Knighthood, and fent him in 
feveral Embaffces beyond the Seas, which he very prudently 
perform'd with great Truft to the Honour of his Mailer. But 
that .which is here to be in a fpecial manner marked, was 
his admirable skill in Poetry, which in his firft Years of rea- 

fon 



*b* Ltfo of Sir Thomas Wyatt. 

fan he eacprefc'd in fcveral amorous Songs ?nd Po&ns : witk 
which, as alfo bis witty Jefts, the Kin* hiijafelf being in an 
high manner delighted, they were fp much admired by die 
Men of that, and the next Age, (tho* I prcfume they are 
now loft ) that foipe have not ftuck to report, that as Me- 
ceanas, Quid, Tihullus, &c. have been among the Latins moft 
famous for Elegy ; fo Sir Thomas Wyatt the Elder, Henry 
Howard Earl of Surrey, Sir Francis Brian of the Privy -Cham- 
ber to King Henry VIII. (and a Traveller in mdxxvtii.) Sir 
Philip Sydney, George Gafceigue Efcjj &c. have among the 
Englijb been moft paffionate to bemoan the Perplexities of 
Love« For hi? IVanflation alfo of David** Pfalms into Englijb 
Meeter, and other of his Poetry, Leland the Antiquarian 
foet« forbears not to compare him to Dant and Petrarch 
thus: 

Bella hum merit* fcc. tranflated by another Hand as 
followed! : 

Let Florence Mr her Dantes juflly haft, 

And Royal Rome her Petrarch's numhred Feet % 

fo Englilh Wyatt both of thm doth coaft, 
In whom all grateful Eloquence doth meet* 

In his younger Years,as I have told you before,he composed : 
Several Songs and Poems. — Many of which are in die 
ft Songs and Sonnets of Mem. Howard Earl of Surrey, Son of 
that vidoriQits Prince, the Duke of Norfolk, and Father of 
that learned Howard { femetfaes his moft lively Image ). 
Henry Earl of Northampton. Which incomparable Earl of 
Surrey (who intirely lov'd our Author Sir Themat Wyatt) 
hath, among other things, tranflated Virgil's JEjuidi; thefirft 
syi4 fecond Boojc whereof be hath admirably retndred line 
fo* line. $U ?fc Wyatt alfa ia bis elder Years tranflated into 

m In Nteniis in mort* Tbo. Fiati Edit. Lond. mdxlii. p.4. Vide 
etiam in EncotAtis fuu itluftr. vircrum % &c. p. ±y. fi Printed at 
Lqnd. in octavo an. Wdlxv. and m$lxxxvii. It. * The fecond 
Imjprqffionwaj full of $rofs faults. I have fecn a Cqpy of it amongft 
Mr. Selden"% Books (8vo. H. j. j. Atf-) corrected throughqut with a 
Pen, to the great help and cafe, of tfie Reader* ft 

• Tbffenmd bfrejkm ftc.J I have been mjflead by Mr- #W# in calling the. 
£4. of m»luz*m. ffee fccoad Inpidloo. For I hare fince feen, and botn in- 
fom'd of feveral other IgyitfioMfaaferqt whkh an tikewife wiy fruhju 

Englijb 



10 The Lift of Sir Thomas Wyatt. 

EngSJb Meeter, ( i ) Tbo penitential Pfahns, in one Bode 
(2) The whole P/akery of David : in praife of which laft, is 
an Encomium in the Songs m and Sounds of the Earl of Surrey 
before-mention'd. At length our Author Wyatt being fent 
by the King towards Falmouth in Cornwall, to conduct Mont- 
morantius nrnam'd a Courriers thence to London , ( for he 
came from Spain in an Embaffie) did, by endeavouring and 
labouring to pleafe the King, rather than to confult his own 
Health, make more Haft thangood Speed. For by too much 
riding (which was not neceflarily requirM ) in a very hot 
Seafon, he fell into a violent Feaver. Whereupon putting 
in at a Mercate Town calPd Shirobourn in Dorfet-Jbire, was 
within few days after cut off from among the living in the 
j8 th Year of his Age to the great Relu&ancy of the King, 
Kingdom, his Friends, and all that knew the great Worth 
and Virtues of the Perfon. He was buried in the great 
Church there, in Summer time, in Fifteen Hundred forty 
and one, and the next Year was a little Book of Verfes pub* 
lifh'd on his Death by his great Admirer John Leland y entit. 
Namiar. Before the nr& Page of which is Sir Thomas's Face, 
with a long curl'd Beard ( like to a Man of 80. Years of 
Age) printed from a Wooden fi Cut, IngravM from his Face, 
which was y painted by a Dutch-Man commonly call'd Hans 
Holben. At the fame time was an Epitaph made on .him by 
the }Earl of Surrey y as it feems, another alfo by Sir Tbo. 
1 Chaloner in long and ihort Verfes, and a third, which was 
a large one in rrofe, by his intire Friend Sir John Mafon 
(Chancellor of this Univerfity moliii.) a Copy of which I 
have feen, and in fome chines do follow it in my aforefaid 
Difcourfe. This Sir Tbo. Wyatt left behind him a Son of 

« Printed at Lond. mdlxxxvii. fol. 16. ft This Pifture I 
have caus'd to be done exa&ly in Copper in this Edition. H. 
y pointed by a Duteb-Man &c] I am inclined to believe that this 
Wooden Cut was alfo done by Hans H$lben himfelf. 9 Tis cextain 
that he cut fometimes in Wood. And the Beauty of this Cat will 
hardly permit us to fix upon any other but him, the Cuts in Wood 
at that time, at lead the greateft part, that came from other Hands 
being wretchedly bad. t In the (aid Songs and Sonnets fol. 84. 
• In lib. fuo cui tit. eft, De illuftrium on$rundam enccmiis, cum 
Epigram. & Epitapbiis nonuulBs. Lond. mdlxxix. qu. p. 358. 
W. There is another Epitaph upon him made by John Parkburft 
Bp. of Nortoieb, and printed an. mdlxxiii. in pag. 25. of Park- 
burftU Ludicr a five EpigrasnmaU Juvenilia. H. 

both 



The Life of Sir Thomas Wyatt. n 

both his Names, begotten on the Body of his Wife Eliza- 
betb, Daughter of Thomas Brook Lord Cobbam* who being a 
Commotioner in the Reign of Queen Mary, loft his Head, 
and left Iffue by Jam his Wife, Daughter and Coheir of 
William Howie of Bourn Knight, a Son named George Wyatt 
of Boxln in Kent £fq; reftord 13. Elizab. I find another 
Thomas Wyatt to have been a Student in Cambridge mdlxxxvii, 
in which Year he had a Copy of Verfes put into Academic 
Cantabrigienfit lacbryma, tumulo D. Philippi Sydneii Jacrat*. 
Publifli'd by jBexander NeviU. 



NAENIAE 

IN MORTEM 

THOMJ VIATI 

EQUITIS INCOMPARABILIS. 

JOANNE LELANbO 

ANTI^ir'ARIO 

A U C T OR E. 



Lord i m i 
Anno m. d. xlii. 



IN EFFIGIEM 

THOMiE VIATI. 

Holbenus nitida pingendi maximus arte 
Effigiem cxprcffit graphicc : fed nullus Apelles 
Exprimet ingenium felix animumque Viati. 




lmpeniis Editoris. 



M}i*rg.fcu,Lp^ 



Aetas Viati. 



Syderei peteret quum coeli regna Viatus 
Tempora luftrorum ikto dum compleverat ofio. 



JOAN- 



JOANNIS LELANDI Antiqjjarii p*i. 
Carmen ad 

Henri cum Houardum 

Regnorum comitcm, 
Juvencm turn nobiliff. turn do&iffimum. 

AC C I P E Regnorum comes illuftriflime carmen, 
Quo mea Mufa tuum laudavit mcefta Viatum 
Non exfpectato fublatum funere terris. 
Nominia ille tui dum vixit magnus amator. 
• Nop modo tu vivum coluifti candid us ilium, 
Verum etiatn vita defunct urn carmine tali 
CollaudaiK, quale fuum Chaucerus avitse 
Duke decus linguae vel jufte agnofceret effe. 
Pcrge Houarde precor virtu ce referre Viatum, - ' 
Dicerifque tux dariiluna gloria ftirpis. 

Clarus fons. 

Caefaris orator Maurentius offia Falae 

Fluminis intravit vela fecunda ferens. 
Eft data ducendi legatum cura Viato, . 

Hifpanis nullus notior Anglus erat. 
Urbs antiqua tenet regum monumenta duorum 
Clarus fens, fedes pontificumque fuit. 
Hk per difpofitos properantem currere mannos 

Invafit Thomam peftis, & atra febris. 
Nobilis Horfaeus mortenti lumina claufit, 

Quern Durotrigum gens colit, ornat, amat. 
Aeternum peperit Clarus fons morte Viati Pig.*. 

Nomen, & illuftris fit magis inde locus. 

« Sic in exemplari noftro Scldeniano calamo fuo correxit ipfe 
Lelandas. Antea, Num modo non vivum tolnifti Arc. jl Sbireburne 
fciibitor in margins exemplarii quo ufus fum. 

Officium 



l6 LeiandI Nxni* in morion 

Officium ptetatis. 
Stftt inocRiisB Chantes, lubeiutapqtf€, 
£t triftcs iileant Tales, leporefque : 
Exftin&us jacet en Viatus ille, 
Ille, inquam, decus unicum Britannae 
Gentis, cujus ab ore profluebant 
Mufarum numeri rotuncfiores. 
Vos cygni pia turba concinentes 
Sublimem medio locate codd 
Veftrum pro mentis fuis poetam, 
£t famam date candidi pereimem. 

Conjun&io animorum. 
Me tibi cdnittttxk comitem grattfima Granta, 

Granta Camcenarum gloria, fama, decus. 
Dividet ilia animoa mors ingratiffima nOftros 1 

Non faciet : longum chare Viate vale. 

Compafttio, 
Quails erat cfypd dominus feptemplicis Ajax : 

Qualis & in bello Tfoicus He&or erat : 
Qualis erat curru cderi ctinve&us Achilles : 

Noftra quidem talis palma Viatus eques. 

pl * 3» Immortalis Viatus. 

Ante fuos Titan radios cftend^re mumto 

Defrnet, & nitidas Cynthia pulchra faces : 
Dciinet ante novos flores producere tellus 

Quara pereat nomen, ciare Viate, tuutn. 
Dele&tts antrcorum. 
Candido amicorum numerum- dedit aula Viato ; 
Sed tres prsecipue felegit amicus artricos. 
Excoluit laigi Poyningi itobifepe&us. 
Ingenio Blagi dele&abatur acute*. 
Do&rinae titultf gratus Mafonios albo. 
Hi nunc defun&um lackriitiarum flumine higent, 
Tergemina charum refonanas voce Viatum. 

Apotheofis. 
Inter ccclicolas nuper certamen obortum : 

Diffidii vero cauila Viatus erat. 
Mary ait eft iiuflu luvenuin fbrttffirnus ilJe : 

Phoebus at ingenti flos ait ille meus. 
MercuFtus virga litem difiblvit, & altis 

Intuiit exutum corpora fydertbus. 

Communis 



T). Thomj* Viati quitis. 17 

Communis dolor* 

Trifti carmine paflerem Catullus 

Exftin&um queritur parum pudicus* 

Dcflet Stella fuae vices Colmnbae 

Vates molliculus, tener, cinxdus. / ' . ^f-* 

At nos qui colimus feveriora, 

Et Mufas fequimurTacratiores, 

Lumen judicii boni Vtatum 

Abreptum querimur dolore jufto* 

Anglus par Italis. 
Bella fuum merito ja&et Florentia Dantem : 

Regia Petrarche carmina Roma prober 1 

His non inferior patrio fermone Viatus, 

Eloquii fecum qui decus omne tulit. 

Gemitus turturis. 
Aeria turtur gemitus tunc fudit ab ulmo, 
E medio raperent quum triftia fata Viatum. 

Mors vi&rix. 
Tu bellatonim vicifti tela, Viate : 

Nulla manus mortis vincere tela potefh 

Unicus phoenix. 
Una dies geminos phcenices non dedit orbi. 

Mors erit unius, vita fed alterius. 
Rara avis in terris confectus morte Viatus, 

Houardum heredem fcr ipferat ante fUurn* 

Vita poft cineres. 
Dicere nemo poteft re£te periifle Viatum; 
Ingenii cujus tot monimenta vigent. 

Querela Philomela, Pag. 5, 

Tempore non folito cecinit Philomela canora, 
Virtutis caderet quum prima corona Viatus. 
Cantrix cantorem merito lugebat ademptum. 
Officii memor adfonuit nemus omne canenti. 

Moos acutus. 
Logueri burgus, quern nomine Montfc acuti 
Afctas noftra vocat, dominum, gratumque patronum 
Sollicids votis optabat habere Viatum. 
Unde fuas ccepit paullatitn expander* criftas. 
Vol. 2. B Ail 



18 Lelandi Nsnue in mortm 

Aft animis nunc fpe fublata concidit omni, 
Ingcntem totis tedis patiturque ruinam. 
Hinc Murotriges crudelia fata vocarc 
Non ceflant, iubito quae fubtraxere Viatum; 

Cantii defiderium. 
Exftin&um * lugcto tuum gcnerofa Viatum 
Cantia ; quo vivo luminc major eras. 

Vaga fiuvius. 
Nupcr clara Vagae fades : nunc fufcula nympha 
Eft luteis turbata vadis, dominumque Viatum 
Sublatum queritur falebrofo murmure triffis. 
Quid quod & infelix lachrimis indulget obortis, 
Verberat & curvas violento gurgite npas ? 

Alaunodunum. 
Magnanimus dum vixit Alaunia caftra Viatus 
***' 6 * In pretio ftabant : fed nunc tutore remoto 

Dcponunt animos, & culmina celfa reclinant. 

Clades eloquentiae. 
Eloquii fiumen, lumen, fulmenque Viatus 
Concidit, argutum nunc filet omne melos. 

Lima Viati. 
Anglica lingua, fuit rudis & fine nomine rhythmus : 
Nunc limam agnofcit, dofle Viate, tuam. 
Nobilitas debet Viato. 
Nobilitas didicit te praeceptore Britanna 
Carmina per varios fcribere pofie modos. 

Viatus pfaltes. 
Tranftulit in noftram Davidis carmina linguam, 

Et numeros magna reddidit {> arte] pares. 
Non morietur opus terfum, fpe£fcabilc, facrum : 

Clarior hac fema parte Viatus erit. 
Elementorum luftus. 
Non facitofficium folitum vis ignea cceli : 

Irriguas aer (blvitur in lachrimas. 
Turbine ventorum montes confurgit in altos 

Pontus : terra macram triftitiamque refert. 



« Sic calamo correxit Lelandus. Antes perluge tuum. £ Vox 
inclufa fupra lin. calamo fcnbitur in Excmplari noftro Stldeniano. 
r Cauffa 



Z>. Thomjb Viatx tquitis. 19 

Cauda cruidem jufta eft, fenfere element* Virtual 
Deliaas orbis deperiifle mens. 

Calculus Caefaris. Pag. 7. 

Carolus exiroias vires laudare Viati 
Caefar, & eloquiurn eft folitus laudare Viati* 
Ingenuos mores Caefar laudare Viati, 
Ingeniumque probum folitus laudare Viati. 
Caefaris unius multorum calculus inftar. 

Profopographia. 
Si quis in hac noftra non vidit gente Viatum, 
Haec legat, atque viri formam iibi colligat omnem. 
Corpora procerum finxit natura Viatum, 
Ejus & invi&is nervos dedit ilia lacertis. 
Addidit hinc faciem, qua non formofior altra* 
Laeta ferenatae fubfixit lumina fronti, 
Lumina fulgenteis radiis imitantia ftellas* 
Caefariem juveni fubflavam contulit : inde 
Defluxit fenfim crinis, calvumque reliquit* 
Svlva fed excrevit promiffie denfula barbae* 

Quifquis erit pofthac fyncerus cultor honefti 

Laudibus emeritis felicem tollat ad aftra 
Nobile folertis naturae plafma Viatum* 
Viatus aquila. 

Summa petit magni Jovis ales & ardua tentat* 
Talis naturae dote Viatus erat. 

Viatus ornamentum patriae* P*g- *» 

Cedrinse decori funt celfis montibus umbrae, 

Malaque follicite paradifo punica culto. 

Sunt teretes decori fbecundis vitibus uvae ; 

Purpureaeaue rofae, violaeque nitentibus hortis* 

Ingenuis decori cun&is patriaeque Viatus 

Vrvus erat, patriae mortuus ille decus. 
Corona Viati. 

Caftalii fontis quum margine forte federent 

Ex hedera Mufae nuper texere corollam, 

Auro pingentes folito de more corymbos. 

Circulus & poftquam juftum coiiflet in orbem 

Quaeftio Cyrrheas eft inter oborta forores, 

Fefta poetarum quis tasldem praemia ferret ? 

Virginei quae prima chori fie ora refolvit 

Calliope, dodo funtmunera digna Viato 

Dixerat, & placuit relkniis fenteatia Nyinpbis. 

B 2 •Atropoa 



ao Lzlandi Noma In mortem He. 

m Atropos has iOi laudes invidit accrba, 
Infeftaque manu vitalia ftamina rupit. 
Confedum Mufae crudcli vulnere myftam 
Eluxerc fuum lachrimis, gemitufque dedcrc 
Talia dicentes : potuit mors tollere corpus, 
Vivet at ingenium noftri fine fine Viati. 

Nobilitas animi. 
Intumuit nunquam fortunae dotibus amplis* 
Pag. 9* Nee fe felicem duxit fplendore Viatus 

Aulse, nee ftrepitu rerum, procerumve favore. 
Redius ille animum ftudiis cordatus avebat 
Exornare bonis, coeloque reponere curam* 
Nobilitas hacc eft animi veriffima magni. 
Eft hie thefaurus longe pretiofior auro 
Nomine quo mundo diftra&us in aethere vivit. 
Quid juvat immenfo nunc indulgere dolori, 
Aut defiderio rapti languere Viati ? 
Curemus potius ftudiis imatarier ilium 
San&is, inque viros ferteis evadere. Tandem 
Sic nos efficiet quoque gloria vera Viatoe. 

Annulus Viati. 
Annulus in digito folitus radiare Viati 
Fabre fadhis erat, gemmaque fuperbus achate ; 
Csefaris effigies in qua veriflima Juli 
Sculpta, occludendis fignum fye&abiJe chartis. 
Caefaris ad fummam virtutem calcar imago 
Ingenitas auxit vires animofque Viati. 

Epitaphium. 
Urna tenet cineres ter magni parva Viati, 
Fama per immeofas fed volat alt* l plagas. 



LOKDINl 

Ad fignum senei Serpentis. 



u Ita calamo correxit Lelandas. Antes Atwpi* fr Ad calcem 
exemplaris noftri Seldeniani hanc notam poAiit Vnitons qaidam (vk 
do&us, ni fallor) ad qucm anno mdlxxlv. pertinebat libelhis : 

IB. £>tan?fcurtt of JFurnifeU* Jtw«sirtlttt*iimebe Mfff^ 
t»(ty oppon tytZtatl oC tfaattw JBtfttr»Bbam, *c. 

. .. JOAN- 



■*M**»ta**«fri 



JOJNNIS LELANDI 
ANTIQJJARII 

NiENIA IN MORTEM 
D. HENRICI DUDDELEGI 
E Q.U ITIS AURATI. 



E BiWiotheca Publica Cantabrigienfi comqauni- 
cavit vir do&iffimus Thomas Bakerus, 
S.T.B. Prsefigitur, Joanni&Balei de Lelando 
Teftimonium. amplum & praeclarum, ha&enus 
incditum. 



B3 



Teftimonium de Lelando, e libro MS. de Scriptoribus 
ordinis Carmelitani penes cl. Bakerum cui titulus, Anglorun* 
HeliadeSy Opus ex varus Auioribus £sf elfdem probis congef- 
tum, &T in duos divifum libros> Joanne Baleo Sudavolgo ai 

JOANNEM LEYLANDUM jhttOTi. 

DoSiffimo Viro, fibique amiciffimo Joanni Leylan do 

Londinenfi Theologo, Rhetorique fuaviffimo, 

Joannes Baleus S. D. P. 

f\ UO patriam gentem venuftes, fuaviflime Leylande, & 
V^ quo illuftriorem oftentes, nulli labori parcis, nihilque 
inexploratum relinquis, indomitos Herculeo fudore fuperans 
Thauros. A Platone enim Philofophorum Principe do&us, tibi 
foli haud natum effe te eredis, fed & parentibus, & amicis, 
atque patriae quae dederit vitalis aurae primitias. Nihil enim 
deque human urn eft, atque alteri prodeffe. Bene gefta Majo- 
rum noitrorum facinora, quae vetuftate collapfa deficere vMa 
funt, per te modo revivifcunt, atque Immortalitati donantur : 
ut alter Jofephus aut Philo y Antiquitatum natalis foli cupidus, 
incognita quaeque in lucem producis, tarn oculatus atque Ar- 
gus nihil poft terga relinquens. Peculiariter certe noftram 
Angliam tibi demereris, quam tali bus illuftras ornamentis, 
quae fola verum et immortale decus afFerre poffunt. Utinam 
omnibus aeque cbrdi effet hoc certamen tarn frugiferum, atquo 
tibi. Plurimum vere gloria turn tibi turn univerfas noftrae 
nationi pariet Hiftoria ilia quam prae manibus habes, quam 
fpero ad omnium utilitatena in brevi e tuis OfEcinis in publi- 
cum prodituram. Quales enim Restores Temper habuerimus, 
& qua juftttia, qua fide, quo confilio, qua conftanria, qua 
prudentia, qua fapientia, quibus moribus T quo Imperio in re- 
bus agendis ufi Temper fuerint, palam faciet. ^Nec interim fi- 
lebit, quam fancios Temper produxerimus Patres; quam doc- 
tos in quovis difciplinarum genere Viros, quam eruditos fcrip- 
tores & quam praeclara ingenia. De Patriis, Civitatibus, VU- 
lis, Territoriis, Pagis, Caftellis, Montibus, Paludibus, Cam- 
pis, Nemoribus, Fluminibus, Ripis, Fontibus, Infulis, La- 
pidibus, Metallis, lanis, /Edificiis, carminibus, Gymnafiis, 
& id genus aliis, miranda fatis indicabit. Ja£tat quaeque Na- 
tio proprios Heroes, aiFertque in medium fuos Theologos 
quifque Conventiculus, fola haec nobiliffima Regio hucufque 
prae ceteris dormitavit, quod non folum ingemuifti, fed &c 
plenum adhibuUU remedium. De unoquoque Regni Angliae 

foda- 



[ *3 3 
fodalitio fan£b'ores Viros & peculiares Scriptores fcire exopt- 
tas, ut nihil te praetereat quod ad Patrise decorem cfficiat. 
Quid minim, fi vir literatiffimus fui fimiliun^ gloriam volue- 
rit propagari i £t quia nullus potent etiam «i Linceos habue- 
rit oculos omnia profpicere, mihi Provinciam injungis, ut 
Carnuiitarum in Angliam ingreiTum, progreflum, & tandem 
Illuftrium Virorum Cathalogum tibi depingam. Et quamvis 
innumeros longc me dodiores, & in rebus agendis dexterio- 
res noveris, qui id muneris libentius obirent, tu tamen 
me hoc fa&itare voluifti, five quod in hifce rebus ido- 
neum dijudicaveris, five (quod magis credo) amor meus 
leu potius reverentia & pietas qua te profequor perbelle de- 
ceperit. Verum utcunque res fit, quod petis tribuam, 
quod quaeris offeram, & comite gratia quod pulfas ape- 
nam, pro viribus efficiens, ut quam ocyus te Aufpice, te 
Autore, te Judice in lucem exeant. Juftum eft enim ali- 
quid pro eo fentire, quern in Corde atque vifceribus tarn cha- 
rum habeam. Amico namque tarn Candido, tarn pio Maece- 
nati favere fanum, obtemperare jocundum, recalcitrare deli- 
rum arbitror, quamvis feu fus Minervam te doceo. Quo nof- 
tram experiaris infeitiam facis, ut Pigmaus robuftiflimo San- 
Jim fuppetias feram, Aquilamque volare doceam. Nugis nof- 
tris ut te onerem potius quam ornem cogis. Propterea d quid 
inconcinnum ineruditumque ofFenderis, hoc non folum meo 
imbecilli ftudio attribues, fed & tuae licentiae tarn libera;. 
Non enim hex vires meae tarn vividae funt, ut haec audeam, 
nifi tu addideris calcar. Quid igitur tuis par laudibus refere- 
mus ? Cujus Vigiliae ceterorum labores adeo fuperant, ut 

Suanto illi ceteris praeftiterunt, tanto tu ipfis praeftantior ju- 
keris. Qui tanquani lucidum Sydus hac noftra actate enites, 
qui non folum tibi natus, immo ad communem omnium uti- 
litatem nulli parcis fudori, quo tepentibus Anvlh auxiHo fis, 
atque in hunc ufque diem ad id te refervatum a Deo credimus. 
Vivis ut & hos femper vivere facias, laboras ut & alii dein- 
ceps a Iabore quiefcant. Carnalibus curis alienus, tuique 
quodammodo oblitus, honorem fpernis, fpernis & divitias, 
dum parvula Cella faepius inclufus, aliis prodefle ftudueris af- 
fidue. Non poffum non admirari in fcribendo turn facilitatem, 
turn Sermonis elegantiam. Verborum enim pondere, fen- 
tentiarumque gravitate, nulli, nee ipfi cedis Ciceroni. Ta- 
ceo multiplicem literarum cognitionem, cum fciam te modeft- * 
iffimum hominem (quamvis veriffima fmt) graviter haec ferre. 
Non enim plus te movent futiles Mundi gloriae, quam lippum 

pi&ae 



I 
I 

r 24 ] I 

pi&x Tabulae, aut aurcs Citharae colled* totie 4okntc*« 
Omnia tibi Tordent, nifi quae merara olent virtutcm. P*rge | 

igitur charorum amantiffime Leylandt, ic quo jam coepifli, 
tu pede Temper eaw aetatem ftudio felici Tydere ccepto in iS&/^ 
taw; protrahens annos incolumem. A Domino tibi credi- 
tum talentum, in terram fodere noli, nee lucernam modio 
Tupponas. Erit enim tui virtuofiffimi laborjs Dominus mer- 
ces immdrtalis, atque pro temporalibus aeterna recipies. Fe- 
lix vale, & amore folito me Temper proTequere, conatumqug 
noftrum beni^no TuTcipias animo, grato pe&ore, corde beni- 
volo. Ex Gippijwico fiorentiffimo Sudovolgi* Pago, Aw*Q 
poft Cbrifium natum mdxxxvi. 



NjENIA 



r h 3 
IN MORTEM 

SPLENDIDISSIMI EC^yiTIS. 
HENRICI DUDDELEGI 

Somarigani, Infulani, Verovicani. 

JOANNE LELANDO 
Antiquario Autore. 

Excudfibat Londini Jaa&act Maylw- 
Anno Dom. 1545. 

DUddelegus crat clans natalibus ortus, 
Veroque Vicanae fplendida gemma domus. 
Phofphorus ille nitens. Juvenem natura venuftum 

Et nivc, purpureis pinxerat atque Rofis. 
Corporis egregie proceri munere felix, 

Caftor & Hifpano confpiciendus Equo. 
Parva loquor. Virtus animi majora perennis 

Poftulat, & nullo quse moritura die. 
Excoluit do&as intento pe&ore Mufas, 

Saepe Caballino flumine iabra rigans. 
Ingenio certe nullus felicior acri. 

Ad cumulum »:cedit quodque modeftus erat, 
L^ys 4 £vai^di^im Chrifti complexus in Ulnis 

Exhibuit verse Relligionis opus. 



r *6 ] 

Bis duo luftra quidem vix dum compleverat flic 

Cum peteret Morinoa Martia tela ferens. 
Tempore quo ceffit perfra&a Bononia Regi 

Henrico, & collum fubdidit a&a jugo. 
Hinc ubi Tutorem devidae fenferat urbis 

Efle patrem 9 xeputans omnia tuta, fuum : 
Invida profluvio Juvenem Rhamnufia folrit, 

Untie repentinae caufa fecuta necis. 
Squallida tarn roaenam niiferata Bononia dadem 

Triftia defofla ranera claufit humo. 
At pietas mentem vel ad aftra hinc tranftulit almam, 

Vertice fublimem conftituitque Poli. 
Carmine fi poflunt quicquam praeftare Camcense, 

Blius in tenia nobile nomen erit. 



•LELANJyS 



t*7] 

'LELANDS 

ITINER-AR Y. 

Vol. IL 

JO* The Number of Folios anfwering the Original 
is put in the Margin. 

In a /pare Leaf at the beginning is this Memorandum, viz. 

m John Sammej Abbate of Shirburne in Dorfetjbire, did 
build the Efte Parte of thabbay Chirch at Sbirburn, and Pe- 
ter Rameffun Abbate there buildid the Weft Part of the fame 
Chirch not very many Yeres fyns. 

The Prior of Sbirbupt lying yn the Toun can bring me 
to the old Librarie yn Shirburne fi. 



Sfyinta die Mail Anno D. 154a. M# i. 

FROM London to New Brentford 8. miles. There 
is a Bridge apon Brent Ryyeret of 3. Arches, and 
an Hofpital buildid with Brike on the farther ende 
of it. 
From Brentford to HundeJIawe 2. Miles. There 
was in the Weft Ende of the Toune an Houfe of Freres of 
the Ordre of the y Tile of the Trinite." 

There rennith a Lande Water thorough the Hethe of Hun* 
dejlaw as a Drene to the hole Hethe, that is of a great Cum* 
pace, and I paffid by a Bridge of Tymbre over it. 



m Jobs Samme t &c] Thefe two Paragraphs are left out in St. 
& G. In the Margin are thefe words added fince by Mr. Leland: 
This is fa/Je. fi Both thefe Paragraphs are omitted in Mr. Bar- 
ton's Tranfeript, and in Mr, Gale'f . y Lege, Title. 

» No Title in the OrittQil. 

• From 



*3 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

From Hundejlaw to Longeforde a v. Miles, 
v A Htle beyond this Village is a Bridge of Tymbre at Am 
which the Mille Water of Longford breking out abore yit 
the Medowes doth mete with one of the a. greate principle 
C j^L^' ^ smes * at brekith out of Colne brook*. 
^JJ*^ » ^ This Arme, as one told me, brekith out of Cohu or ever 
cMrtU. it cum by the Ende of Uxbridge, and metith not very far 
beneth Longford Bridgejvith the principal ftreme of Colne. 
A litle beyond Longford Bridge is a Bridge of Wood, 

Colebam the Erie of Dor- ""J" th « which ^ I f rin W ! ftreame 
ift Houfe ftondith on the hi- of &^wetr«ui.th, and diens more 
Serfideofthisftreamcabout *« a MJe gouh into Jm,> by Sto«r/ 
a Mile above toe Bridge. 2^J$! 

From this Bridge to Colobroi Bridge of Tymbre about a 
Mile, 

Al the Ground from a Mile or more a this fide Longford 
to Coleirok Bridge* is al low Paflure Ground, and at Rages of 
Raync by Rifing of the Ryver much overflowed 

Under Co/ebroojte. Bridge of Tymbre rennith the fecund of 
the 2. principale Armes of Colt Ryver, and this to my Efti- 
sgatien is the Ipfler of the 2. It brekith owt of the princi- 
pale Streame a 2. Miles above ColekroieTounyn a Mooreifch 
/?CWrw^ 3 . Grounde about a Mile lower then Uxbridgo Toun. 
Mtojrom 7^53 Armc rennith by it {df about a MUc and a half be- 

Tame* neth Colebrook Toun into the 7o»j# a lille above Jncrewite, 
Wher was a Priory of Nunnes. 

Colebrook Toun is a 2. Miles from Stows. 

The Tonne of C^r«i is fet on echc fide of the Ryver 
of Cole, but the far greatter Part of it is on the Weft fide of 
the Ryver : and there is a Chapelle of Brike made of late 
Dayes. The Paroche Chirch is a Mile.of. 
Foi. s. From Colne brooke to a Plaae wher I pafid over Burnt Ry- 
veret a 4. or 5. Miles. 

This Water rifith out of y Morifch Spring on the lifte 
Hond as I mode from Stol wher the Erie of Huntendun 
lyith : and, as I gefte, goith by Burnebam and about Elton 
. College toward the Tomtfe. 

A 2. or 3. Miles beyond the Paflage over Burnt I cam to 
Maidenbed Bridge of Tymbre apon the Tomtfe. 



m is a low G. fi Defunt G. y Morifch Springs on the &o 
St. & G. The morifh B. 

A 



LfeLAND'S ITlNtHAkV. ^ 

* A iMfe above the bridge tip* ctieriori Tamefk I few a cliffy 
Ground as hinging over the Tafnife and fum Buffchis groiiigfe 
on it. I conjedtid that ther had beehe (bm life of an auiiti- 
cnt Building. 

There is great Warfeage of Ti ftibre and fier Wood dn the 
Weft Ende of the Bridge, aftd this Wood cummith out of 
Barkfinr* and the great Woddis o^the Foteft of tVindeUJhrc, 
and the greate Frithe. " a Fnaiem 

Heere mark that as much Ground* &s lyith bytwixt the ty*w»An«i. 
Arme of Colne, that goith thoroug Coltbnh Toun, and the™**-" 
Bridge of Maidenhed is yn Bakkinghamjhir. beyond is 
Barkejbire. 

The Toun of Maidenhed ftondith a praty diftance fron* the M*&*k*i 
lamife fide, and is meatelywellfe buildid. . Sjj" n °- 

The South fide of the Toufie is yn the P&rOche of Bray. y Soutb-jtu- 

The North fide is in the Pafdch of fi »«**«. 

From Matdenheddc Toun a 2. Miles by narow wooddy 
Way to the Frithe. And fo thorough the Frithe 3. Miles 
and more. 

Then to I a ptaty TounJet a a. Miles. 

Al the Weft Ende of this Tounlet rennith Lodtn a praty 
Ityver, and fo breldth out in Armes that therby I padfid over 
4. Bridgis. v> 

Thensa Mile and an half to Sunning, an uplandifch Toune, 
but fette 1 on a fair and corfunodius Grounde. The Tamiji 
rennith under it in a plefant Vale. 

I markid no very great £ Antiquite in the Chirch. it is im- 
propriate onto the Dfecanerie of Sarttbyri. " 

In the Presbvteri is one Fitton an Efquier buried. 

In the South Iflebe 2. or 3. Vtutjfcs buried, Kihfwoihen 
n to Bisfhop of Saresfyri. 

In the North Ifle be 2. of the 

There is an old Chapelle at the Eft End of the Chirch Fd. j. 
of S. Sarik, whither of late fvme refortid in Pilgrimage many 
folkes for the ■ Difeafe of Madnes. 



m Defiant G. fi $fr in Autograph & in tixfcripto fcurtoniano. 
JJdt Cookhaiu. y South dceft G. I Supple Twiford. t on n 
very fair Ac. St. « G. £ Antiquities St. * to tb$ Bijbop G. 
To the Bifhop B. 

iDefofc, 

The 



3 o LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Bifhop of Saresbyri hath had at Sunning afore the 
Conqueft'an auncient Maner Place, and « hath" /B be Lordes 
there. And yet remainith a fair olde Houfe there of Stone 
even by the Tamife Ripe, longging to the Bislhop of Saresbyri: 
and therby is a fair Parke. 

This Place is in Barkeflnr 3. Miles above Henley. 

From Sunning to Reading 2. Miles. 

There is a Park dimming into Reading Toun longging to 
the late Monafterie there. 

There is no maner of token that ever the Toun of Read- 
ing was waullid. yet is it a very auncient Toun, and at this 
Tyme the beft Toun of ABarkJkire. There was a Caftellc 
in the Saxons Tyme in this Towne : and the name of Ca- 
Jielle-Streat yet remaynithe, lying from Eft to Weft to pafle 
to Newbyri : But I could not perceive or clerely lerne wher it 
ftoode. But by al lykelihod at the Weft-Ende of the CqfleJU- 
Streat : and, as fum think, about the Place of Execution. 

It is very likely that a peace of the Abbay was buildid of 
the Ruines of it. 

Peraventure it ftoode wher thabbay was. 

S. Edwarde the Martyr's Mother-yn-Law for Penaunce 
buildid, as I have rcdde, a Monafterie of Nunnes yn Reading. 

There is a conftant feme that this Nunnery was wher* S. 
Maryes a Paroche Chirch is now yn Reading. 

King Henry the firft making an Abbay at Reading of Blak 
Monkes fuppreffid this Houfe, as I hard, giving the Landes 
thereof to his Abbay. But for more certente know whither 
the old Nunnery ftoode not yn the Place wher the abbay of 
Reading ftondith ? 

And whither S. Maries were not of a newer Foundation ? 

On the Northfide of the Caflelle-Streat was a late a fair 
Houfe of Gray Freres. 

In the Toune be 3. Paroche Chirchis. S. Giles a this fide 
Kenet Rvver : Sain& Maries> and S. Laurence beyond Kent. 
F0I.4. S. Maries is as the Principal Paroche of the Toim for 
Auncientnes : and ftandith in the Hart of it. 

S. Laurence ftondith by Weft hard by dimming yn at the 
principal Gate of thabbay. 

Weft North Weft of S. Laurenct Chirch was an Almofe 
Houfe of Poore Sifters by al lykelihod of the Foundation 

« Deeft hath in B. fi bene Lerde for be Lerdes inG. y S. 
Marye'; Parocbt Cbircb G. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 31 

of fum Abbate of Reading : and remaynid ontyl « fuch tvme 
fi one Tborne Abbate of Reading fuppreffid it in King Henry 
the vij. Dayes, and gave the Landes of it onto the Ufe of the 
Almoner of his Abbay. But Henry the vij. cumming to Read- 
ings and afking what old Houte that was : thabbate told 
hym. and then the King wyllid hym to convert the Houfe 
y felf and the Landes in pios ujus. W herapon thabbate deflrid 
that it might be made a Grammar-Schole, and fo it was. 

One Wyuiam Dene, a riche man and fervant in thabbay of 
Reading, gave 200. Markes in Mony toward the avaunce- 
ment of this Schole : as it apperith by the Epitaphie on his 
Grave in the Abbay Chirch of Reading. 

The Ry ver of Kenet cummith thorough the Midle of Read* 
sag Toun, but devidid principally into a. Partes, wherof the 
principal ftreame cummith thorough a great wood Bridge in 
the South fide of the Toune. , 

The Anne that breketh out of Kenet is caullid com- 
munely about the Quarters of the Toune the habwid Brooie, 
and brekith out of the principal ftreame of Kenet up above 
the Toune by Weft South Weft aboute the Bere, wher 
thabbat of Reading had a fair Manor Place of Bryke, and fo 
cumming doune by Medowes ynto Reading Toune paffith 
thorough a Peace of thabbay clenfing the FUth of it. and a 
litle lower joinith againe with the great ftreame : and a litle 
lower Kenet hole ftreame goith into Tamiji Ryyer. So that 
Tamife River cummith within half a Mile by Eft North Eft 
of Reading. In the Vale of the Toune of Reading wher 
the 2. Amies of Kenet renne nere togither, I markid diverfe 
Armelettes breking out of the 2. Streames and making Medi~ 
amnes, over the which be dyverfe Bridges of Wood. And FoL 5. 
thefe Waters be very commodius for diers, welle occupied 
there : for the Toune chiefly ftondith by clothyng. 

From Reading to Caufeiham, lhortly caullid Caujham, aboute 
half a Mile, wher is a great mayne Bridge of Tymbre over 
the Tamife , wher I markid that it reftid moft apon fundation 
of Tmbre, and vn fum Places of Stone. 

Toward the North End of this Bridge ftondith a fair old 
Chapelle of Stone on the right Hond, pilid in the Fundation 
for the Rage of the Streame of the Tamife. 



m 6*cb tjme a* ene Thome G. That one B. I it felf G. 

Ther 



|» LELANiyS IflNfeRARY. 

Tfter is ho Bridge on the Tamft upward betwixt this and 
Wedingford % diitant about a to. Mile* of. « And byneth this 
Canfoam Bridge to Hetde} five Miles & arid a half lower is firft 
Bufiking Bridge Sf Tyrtibfe* and l Great-Marlaw-Bn&gc. 

Bijbom Priori* in Bart/Mr on the Tamfi a 3. Miles above 
Mtrdtnbed. 

Hurley apoii the Tamfe A Celle to Wefiminfire a Mile a* 
bovtBfta?*. 

Litk-Aibrlau*, wher the PHdrie of Nunnes was y y a l.Miles 
above AMdeiAed^ ftonding iri * Buckinghtimjhfr. 

Gran-Mrtbut) wher the Bridge of Timbre is over the 
Tamife, a Mile above it. 

Medmtnbam* a Celle tb ifoburn iri Bedfordfiir, a Mile a- 
bove Bis/bath as the 72r^ 1 fcoith in kukinghamflnr. 

Bfeyohd Caifimfn Bridefe is Cauflmm Villag in OxfirdjhtK 

Thens I rode a v. Miles or more al by great Wooddes. 

And thens by Chaumpaine Hilly Ground £ a 4. Miles to 
Ewefoi, an tiplandlfth Village. 

Exvtbhe Was the Inheritance of the Chancers. 

Thoms Chaucer the Kft Heirfe Male Qwner of it is bu- 
ried yn an high Marble Tumbe in a fair Chapelle in the Pa- 
FoL 6. roch. Chtrch of Ewelih> on the Southfide of the Quier with 
this EpStaphie : 

Hie jacet Thomas ChauCer drmiger* quondam Dn* tftius 
yffl&j & Patron&s ijlius ecctefia : qui bbiit 18. die Men/is *No- 
rembrrs anno D. 1434- El Matildis uxor ejus> qua ohiit 28. die 
Mehfts Apriffs Atirio D. I4I6. 

n Siim fay, that this Chaucer Was a Wtarchant Man, and 
9- bout a 1000 1L Landes by the Yere, and that Wollefakkes 
be yrt EisJetm in token Ot Marchaundife. And Merme fay 
fikewrft, tfcft he 1 mindid the Fundation of the Hofpitale of 



* A^/ tyW/J &c.] This place may be better pointed thus : 
And byneth this Caufham bridge to Henley [five miles and « half 
lower) is &c. /S This Comma may be left out being not in the 
Original, y is aboUt two G. i Barljhire pro Buckinghamjbir in 
G. mafc. * £*//& />/* B\ik. fh. 6. Goeth into Buckingham -(hire 
B% £ a 4 .myles] about five miles G. n Some' things are here 
tranfpofed in Gale's Copy. 9- tflftf for ii*/ in G. Bought M. 
t Mended B. 

- J " ' •' * "' -■-* - ■■■ - ** •-*-' ' ' ' * ' 

j grit, % Novcmbrt 

Ewchnty 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 33 

Ewebne, and alfo die Hofpitale by Dutminteun-Cz&elle. But 
William Duke of Soutbf. did build them booth, eche pore 
Man ther having xiiij. a. by the Wecke. 

Alice, Daughter and Heire to Thomas Chaucer and Ma- 
tilde, tooke to Husband William de la Pole Duke of South- 
folk : the which for Love of her and the Commodite of her 
Xandes fell much to dwelle yn Oxford/hir and Barkjhir wher 
his Wifes Landes lay. 

This William tranflatid and encreafid the Manor Place of 
Ewebne. 

I think that Ewebne tooke Name of a ^rcat Poole afore 
the Maner Place and Elmes grouing about it. 

Ewebne Paroche Chirch a cumly and new Peace of Work 
fionding on an Hille was lately made by William Duke of 
StmtUM and Alice his Wife. 

William was flavn, and Alice fupervivid, and after was by- 
ried yn the Paroche Chirch of Ewelme on the South fide of 
the High Altare in a richeTumbe of Alabaftre, with an Image 
in the Habite of a Woves crounid lying over it, and having 
this Epitaphte on it : 

Orate fro anhna Sereni/pma Prineipiffa Alicia Duciff* 
SufFolchiae, bujus EccUfim Patron*, & prim* fundatricis hu- 
jus Elemo/ptaria. quatobiit 20. die MenfisMzi], anno I)i. 1475. 
litera Dominicali A. 

The Pratie Hofpitale of « poore Men is hard joynid to the 
Weft Ende of Ewelm Paroche Chirch : and much after the 
Building of the Vicars Houfes at Windefore yn a Circle. 

In the Midle of the Area of the Hofpitale is a very fair 
Welle. 

The Mafter or Provoft of the Almofe Houfe hath ther a 
praty Lodging, every poore Man hath i4d. a Weke. 

I redde thefe thinges folowing in a Table in Ewelm Chirch : 
Pray far the Bottles of John Duk of Southfbik, and Elizabeth 
his Wife. This John was Sun and Heire to William and Alice. 
fS Leiland: 

John de la Pole Duk of Southfoli had by Elifabeth * John" WdL 7. 
Erie of Lincoln, Edmund after Duk of Southefolt, Richard, 
William : f and" that was 1 at Scholar yn Gunvile- 

Haul in Cambridge, and lyith buried at Baberham. 

« of xiii. poore men St. ft This word, /bearing that what fe/- 
lows is Mr* Ldand'i, is warning in B. y Deeft in Autograph : 
fed addidit Burtonus. t Deeft B. • a Sebolar St. & G. Lege cum 
B. a Scholar. 

Vol. a. C The 



34 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Maner Place o£ Ewelme is in (he Valley of the Vik 
Jage: the Bafe Court of it is fair, and is buildid of Brike and 
Tymbrc. The inner Part of the Houfe is fette with in a 
fair Mote, and is buildid richely of Brike and Stone. The 
Haul of it is fair and hath great Barres of Iren overthuait if 
inftede of CroiTe Beames. The Parler by is excedipg fair 
and ligbtfum : and fo be al the Lodginges there. 

The commune faying is that Duk John made about the 
Beginning of King /fairy the vij. « Tymes moft of the goodly 
Buildinges withyn the Mote. 

There b a right fair Parke by the Manor Place. 

From Etvelm to Hafely a v. Miles by Chaumpaine Ground 
iumwhat plentiful of Corne, bCit mon layid to PaJlurace. 

Haftity is thus dividid into Grete~Hqfeief, (title H*fdq % 
/* '■ Lacheford and Ricote, 

* Great Hafeley was of auncient Tyme ? Lordflpp Iongging 
by many Defcentes to the Pjperdes, 3 whofa Maner Place was 
there wner now is the Ferme Place by the Ghirch iongging 
to Windifwr College- 

Thefe Piper des were men of fair Pofleffions, and the way? 
of: them as in the principal Maner 4 4ori£b'd onto Edward 
the Thirde dayes, about the which Ty*ie Piferdes Maner 
Place and the Patronage of the i Benefice of Hafdey was gy- 
ven to the College of JVindefore. 

The Armes of Piperd apece yn the Eft Window of the 
fair Chauncelle of Haftley Chirch. 
M. 8. title Uqfetey, wher yMafat Bareatini hath a rigr^t fair Man- 
fion Place, and marvelus fair Walkes Upiarii Operis, and 
Orchardes, and Pboles, Iholdith, as I lernid, of the Manor 
tfPiterdes by Knight fcrvice. 

6 Lacheforde about the Beginning of Edward the Thirdes 
Tyme was parte of the Pip0rda Lanqta* • Then it chauncid 

. m Tyme St. & G. fi.Lteiefiurd] Lecbeford %. and indeed the 
Letter e is written over a in the Orig. y Mafter Barentine] $tr 
William Jhrsntyne St. in marg. a nana cwmii Amiqoarii Fremtifci 
Tbynni. I And houldeth Jf. i Tbe* it ebauncid *c] Mr. Tbyn 
hath added the following Note in the Margin of Mr. Stme*$ 
Tranfcript : mtftlten, as I camue preve by the Petjgre* g# fared f *g( 
cfihe Old evidence of the Pipardes 4j **}** 9vme Knewledge.Tiijn* 

i « ' - „ 

e 
l LadKfMeowerthea. ft Pipcnie to die margin pppdfot «• awat Hafiky. 
I whoi. 4 toftid. s ftenita. 6 Pjpcid in tie spg* qpjiete to Uche- 
rorde* 

tot 



INLAND'S ITINERARY. 35 

Car a youngs Sua of Pi+erdes of J&fiieyao do fo valiaundy 
in Batelle agayn the Scoita that he was made Knight : and 
tawing no Lande, bycaufc that Ms Elder Brother was Heire, 
defirid to have fuua £mm\ Portion of Land ; wherapon his 
Father' gave hym Lacheford to hold by Knight Service of the 
Maner of Piperdes in Great Hajeley: 

* The S toojc of this You% 1 Piperd Knight reraaynid in Lache- 
ford onto 80. Yeres ago : when the laft of thefe Piperdes lefte 
a Dougbter and Heire, fliat was maried to one Lentbaul 9 a 
Gentilman of Herefordftnr^ % whofe Sunne now dwellith in 
lecbeferde. 

Ricote longid to one Fulca de RicHt. 

After it cam to one Qwternudns. 

The Houfe of the gfoattrmirins in Oxfordjbirhzih beene 
£u»K>fe and of right feii Poflcffions. Th/ar chief Houfe was 
at Wefim by ft'ofe, wfcer Mr. Clark iiiowdwcUith. 

y And Shirburne wttava a Mile of Watbeimgton Chirch, 
wheris a toons PileoJrC*fteiet, longid to Quatremains : fins 
> Fowler : and by Exchaunge now to CbaMmbrelem of 0jr~ 

About King i/<wj the *j. Dayei dyvers Brethren dyed of 
the £>uatremains one after another, and by a great onlykdi- 
J»od a3 the Laades defcejodid to one Richard, the Yonggcft 



m The ftrnk of tbtt yng Wperd &c.] Mr. T bjn hath alio written 
this note fallowing in the margin of Mr. Statue's Copy. The laft 
if She Pipanis, beinge Richard Pipard of Lecheford Efqnire, IjetU 
in 9. H. 5. and bad igneane Daughter and Heyre Jane, maried to 
John Badby JSjfiprier, tab* bad ffne his Dangbsrre and Heyre Ka- 
therine, marled /# William LenthsJU of Lenthall Starkar in Here- 
fordfhyre, tohUbe came to dwell at LaeJwford, ofwbeme came Wil- 
liame Lenthall £/f wr «j» /^>f «/" reverent Age in this Tire 
1584. f /ffigiVrl 4*?4£ jG. f Jnd Shirburne mithjn a Mile tf 
Wathcliogtan Cbircb, whet &c] It was fisft of all written in the 
Original, Jnd Shirburne toward Stoken Cbircb, wher &c. but 
afterwards Mr. Leland (buck out toward Stolen, and writ over the 
Line tcitbjn a Mile of Watbelington Market ; fo that it rouft be 
read cither aj J have primfd it (and as I find italfo in Mr. Sterne** 
& Mr. Gale's Copies) or clfc the word Cbircb muft be left out, 
sod it muft Hand thus : And Shirburne teitbyn a Myle of Wathc- 
Ibgtoa Mariet, mber Ac. I to Fowler 6. To Fowler B. 



1 tathaidiatoiaaqi^cppofitetoftserd. jiUii. 

C a 



36 . LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

of the * Brethren, that was a Marchant of London, and after 
Cuftumer there. 

This Richard had a * fervaunt caullid Thomas ' Fowler his 
Clerk, a toward felaw that after was Chauncelar of the Du- 
chy of LancaJIre. 
Fo1 - 9* Richard §>uatremains bare great favor to this Thomas. 

Richard was God-Father to Thomas funne, and namid hym 
Richard S&uaternusins Fowler. 

Richard S$uatermains lay at Ricote: and cauffid Thomas 
: Fowler to 4 lay at Weflun. 

Richard S^uatermains made RichardThomas m Fowler Sunne 
Heir of moft Part of his Landes, bycaufe he had no Children* 
Richard Shiatermains Godfather to Richard Fotuler made 
a Right goodly large Chapelle of Eafe hard without the Ma- 
nor rlace of Ricote, and foundid ther 2. Chauntre Preftes to 
fing perpetually for his Soule, enduing the Cantuaries with 
, good Landes : and made a fair Houfe for the Preftes therby. 

This Fundation was begon in Henry the 6. Dayes : and 
• endid yn Edward the 4. Tyme. 

This Richard foundid alfo a Cantuarie in Tame Paroche 
Chirche a 2. Miles from Ricote, wher he in a Chapelle is bu- 
ried undre a Marble Stone. 

This. Richard foundid ther alfo an Hofpitale by Tame 
Chirche endowing it by Landes. 

Richard Fowler Heir to Shjatremains was a very onthrift, 

,and fold al his Landes jS leving his Childern ful fmaul lyvinges. 

Syr John Heron, Treaforer of the Chaumbre to Henry the 

vij. y and the viij. boute the Reverfion of the >Lordfhip of &'- 

cote, and Giles his Sunne poffeffid it a while. 

Giles Heron wife in wordes, but folifch yn deades, as Syr 
Richard Fowler was, (old RicotetoJohnfPilfyams now Knigite. 
Fe!. to. From Hafeley to Mihoun Village half a Mile. 

At this Place, as I hard fay, was many Yerrs fyns a 
Priorie of Monkes : a felle, as one told me, to Ahbingdm. 
The Houfe of the Priorie was by likelihod wher the Far- 
mer's Houfe is now hard by the Chirch Yard. For ther ap- 
pere Fundations of great Buildinges. 



m Fotclcr Sunne] Fowler's Sunne G. Fowler's B. fi leving all 
his Childern Butt fmaul lyvinges G. y and the viii. defunt St. 
I Lordjhifs G. 

t Bitchem* s Servant. 3 Fowler ia the margin, 4 ly. 

Sum 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 37 

Sum fay «thar Mounfeir de Louches Houfe was wher die 
Fanner's Houfe is. 

In the Chirch of Aftltun is an Highe Tumbe of Fre Stone 
with the Image of a Knight and a Lady, with an Epitaphie 
in Frenche % declaring that Richard de Louches Chivalier and 
Helene his Wife ly buried there. 

The Voice ther goith that Louche had the Priorie Land 
gyven hym. 

Louches Landes cam to Heires Generates. 

Of later Tymes Dover shad this Lordfhip of one .... 

Syr Reynold Bray boute it of Dover s. The late Lord 

Bray fold it to Dormer Mair of London. 

Ther is a prebend Land in Aftltun longging to Lincoln. 
The Bisfhop of Lincoln is Patrone of the Chirch. 

There jovnith onto Great-Mihun> Litle-MHtoun y and there 
is a Chapelle of Eafe dedicate to S. James, 

From Hafeley to Cbiftlbampton (vulgo Cbifiltun) by plaine 
Ground fruteful of Corne and GrafTe, but baren of Wood 
as al that Angle of Oxfordjbir is, fi 3. Miles. 

y Here is paffid over ?. litle Bridges of Wood, wher under 
wer * plafchy Pittes of Water of the overflowing of Tame Ry- 
ver, and then ftraite I rode over a jjreat Bridge under the 
which the hole Streame of Tame rennith. 

Ther were a 5. great Pillers of Stone, apon the which was 
layid a Timbre Bridge. 

Thens to Drayton Village, longging a late to Dofchtftre 
Abbay. 

Thens a Mile to Dorchefler. 

In the Toun oiDorcbeftre I markid thefe notable Thinges. 

The Abbay of Chanons, wher afore the Conqueft was a 
Bisfhopes fete. 

Remigius tranflatid it to Lincoln. 

Alexander Bisfhop of Lincoln ere&id there an Abbay of 
Blak Chanons. Yet the Chirch berith the name of the Pre- 
tend Chirch. 

There was buried, as it is faid, the Bodie of S. Birine 
Bisfhop there. 

And there yet remainkh the Image of Free Stone that lay Fd. 1 1. 
on the Tumbe of Bisfhop £fcbwine % as apperith by the In- 
fcription. 

« tbar) L. that, fi about G. y Here I faffed over G. 

I pUfchfy. 

C 3 There 



3 8 LltAWD'S ITlKTillAltr. 

There be buried iit the Quier faefide diver? Abbate* * 
Knight on the South fide with an Image cnffie leggid, wfcos 
name is there oute of reniembrarice. 

There ly ith at the feete of hym one Skner fumtvme a juge 
(as it apperith by his Habite) * in theRatgneof K. iT-3-" 

There lyith a Knight on the fi North fide of the l Cflricr t 
Whom the lqte Abbate toeke to be one of A* Sogrmtes. the 
Image was of Alabaftre. But after the Abbate told me that' 
he hard of late one iky that there was- one Hokum* Knight 
buried. 

In the Body of the ChauneeUe afore the Quier Doore by 
a Gentilman caullid fffys. 

There ly in y South Ifle of the Quier 3. of the DraHons x 
Crentilmen, one hard by another, under plaine Marble Stones. 
Mr. Bqrentine hath part of thefe Draitom Landes. 

Ther lyith at the Hed of thes Drmtons one GUbert 8+r 
grave a Genrilrqan under a flat MarUe. 

The Body of the A^bay Chireh fervid a late for the Pifrt 
roche Chireh. 

Syns the Suppreffion one a great rk*e 

Man, dwelling in the Toun of DorcbeJIre^ bought the Eft 
part of the Chireh for 140, Poundes, and gave it to aug? 
ment the Paroch Chireh. 

The Toun of Dorobeftro was fort <Jefacid by the Dams. 
Qf old tytne it was much larger in Building *then it is * now. 
There vw» a Paroehe Chinch a litle by South from the Abbay 
Chireh. Arid another Paroch Chircn more South above it. - 
There was the 3. Paroch Chireh by South Wefte* 

In the Clofis and Feeldes that lye Southly on the Toun 
that now ftandith be foundc Numif^+Rownorum of Gold, 
{Silver, and 1 Braffe, 

— ' • 

« A manu Burtoni. fi Juft over this i* the Monument I have 
fiefcrib'd in my loofe Papers, y in the South Ifle St. * G. The 
South B. i Leg. ex §c. & G. then it is now toward tbt South 
artd the Tamife ' Sid*. Tier* was a Parotb* dnrtb a UxU 
by South from &c« f I had a Coyn given me of Braft, of the 
Icier Sort, that was found in Bhihop's Field, that it, at feme 
DtOance Weft from the Church. It is of faints v *ad oa the Face 
Side is ng valets pp f vg. Valentis Cap. Lour. Jjt Littcrede- 
tiiut Fig. MiL ftaas, d 



I .%■** aJUiflbt wb*m. % mm *"»•* the Sptffe & totTumbid********- 

The 



LELANETS ITINERARY. 39 

The Btsfhojfs Palace, as it *faide ther, was at the Toune s 
End by North Weft, wher fi it appere Fundationsr of old 
Buildinges : and there as yet be kept the Courtes. 

The Ryver of Tame cummith firft by the Eft Ende of the 
Toune : and then by the South fide palling thoroug a very 
fiure Bridge of Stone a title witoute the Toune. 

Gumming from WaBngfird to Dmhefter the Toun ftand- 
ith uktr. ripa Tanue. 

The Bridg is of a good lenghth : and a great Stone Caufey 
is made to cum Welle onto it. There be 5. principafe Arches 
in the Bridge, and in the Caufey joining to the South Ende 
of it. 

Tame and lie metith aboute half a Mile beneth Dorcheftre Fol. n. 
Bridg in die Medowis. 

From Dmhefter to the f ery over the Tamife about a Mile. 

Here the hither Ripe by North is low and Medow Ground. 

The South Ripe ys high al alonge like the long bak of an 
Hille. 

From the Fery to WaRnjford a Mife by marvelus fair 
Champain and fruteful Ground of Come. 

The Toun oVWattngftrd hath beene a very notable Thing 
and welle waullid. The Diche of the Toun and the Creft 
wheron the Waulles ftoode be yet manifeftely percey vid, and 
begin from the Caftelle going in Cumpace a good Mile and 
more, and fo cummith to IValingford Bridg a large Thing of 
Stone over the Tamifi. 

There remayne yet the Names of thefe Streates emong 
other: Tamil* -Str eat, Fifcbe-StrtaUy Bred-Streat, Wqq£> 
Stnat y Goldjmithes-Rmv. 

And by the Patentes and Donations of Edmund* Erie of 
Cornewaul and Lord of the tf6nor o{*Wdlingford y that ther 
wer 14. Paroch Chirchis in Walingford. And ther be men 
yet alyve that can (hew the Places and Cemiteries wher yn 
the af ftoode. At this tyme there be but 3. poore Paroch 
Chirches in the Town. 

Ther was a Priory of Blake Monkes, a Celle to S. Alban> 
fupprcffid by Thomas Woulfey Cardinale, (landing hard with- 
yn the Weft Gate of Wdllingford. 

m as is faydi there St. as it is /aide tbef G. Is faide B. £ it] 
yet St. & G. Yet B. y Sie Autograph. & B. Lege, it appereih • 
tlurt &e. 

»— — ill 1 — ^m— — mm 

I Walingcford, a Wallicgdbrd. 

The 



4 o LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Toun and the Caftelle was fore defacid by the Dams 
Warres. Yet they meatly * reflorifchid in the Tyinc of lii* 
chard King of Romaines and Erie of CornewauUe y Brother to 
King Henry the 3. 

This Richard did much Coft on the Caftelle. 

The Caftelle yoinith to the North Gate of the Toune, 
and hath 3. Diicis, large and deap, and welle waterid. «About 
ech /8of the 2. firft reikis as I apon the Creftes of the 
Creaftes of (he Ground caft out of 1 rennith an embatelid 
Waulle now fore yn ruine, and for the raoft part defaced. 

Al the goodly Building { witl} the Tourrcs and Dungeon 
be * within the « 3. Dike. 
Fol. 13. There is alfo a Collegiate Chapel emong the Buildinges 
3 within the 3. Dike. Edmund Erie of Comewale^ S urine tq 
Richard King of the Romains, was the firft Founder and En* 
dower of this College. 

Prince Edwarde> as one told me, the Bkk, augmented this 
College. 

There is a Decane, 4. Preftes, 6* Clerkes and 4. Chorifters, 

& . • the < late Decent afore * Dr. 

London that now is bufldid a fair Steple of Stone at theWefte 
Ende of the Collegiate Chapelle, to making wherof he der 
facid, as it is faid, withoute Licens a Peace of the Kinges. 
Lodging, joyning on the Eft Ende Of the Chapelle, 

Tne Decane hath a fair Lodging of Tymbrc withyA the 
* Caftelle : and to it is yoinid a Place for the Minifters of the 

Chapelle. 



* So the filliping /entente is read both in the Orjg* and B. 
/3 Deeft of St. y Dikes 9 is as in G. for Dikis at. i open tha 
Creftes of the Ground St. At firft however Mr. Stowe had written 
it as 'tis >n the Orig. 1 rennith an] rennith and G. £ within 
G. n third G. $ Sic Autograph. Deeft lacuna in B. 1 laft 
for late in G. There is no lacuna either in St. or C « Dr. London] 
This is the faine Dr. London that was Warden of New- College, 
and Author of the (candalous Report of William of Wickhanf* 
being a Baftard, which hath been follow'd by a late Author in a 
certain Not* (not lefs Scandalous) to the firft Vol of the Complete 
Hiftory of England, ( as 'tis ftyl'd) of which I hare taken notice 
in the IV lfc . and VII 1 *. Vol. of this work* You may fee more 
of Dr. London in col. 660. of Vol. I. of Athenat Oxon. 

1 ie/lorichi<l. 2 withyn. 3 withyn, 

Fron} 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 41 

from Walingford to * Maketuj in Barkjhir a good Mile. 

Mr. Mohpes hath a pratie Manor Place of Brjke_ther. 

One * Coierta buildid this Houfe of late dayes. Corius, 

This Court was Uncle to * Moline*, that now dwellith at 
Makenrt. 

Mines hath not this Lordihip only, but a. nother in Ox- 
ford/bir not far from Dorebefier 9 caullid fi 3 MoungtweUe^ and 
js co. It. in value by Yere, and hath fair Woodes. 

The Houfe of Molines habitation byfere the Death of Court 
was yn Hamptonfbir about an 8. Miles from Saresbyri at a 
Place caullid Sandbil, wher is a fair Manor Place. 

From Walingford to Simdune about a Mile and a half. 

This Place is wonderful dikid about and ftondith on a 
HUle in Barkjhir * hanging over the Tamife. It is yn by Efti- 
mation half a Mile. And withyn ft hath beexie Aim Toune, 
pr, as the commune Voice fayitb, a Caftelle in the Britannes Fol 14, 
Tyme, defacid bj lykelihod by the Danes, 

At this tyme it With very plentifullye booth Barley and 
Whete, ajid Numijmata Rmanorum be y ther found yn plough- • 

ypgf 

About this Sinodum beginnith the fruteful Vale of tVbite- 
Horfe, and fo ftrecchith by South Weft toward Farington 
Quarters, 
" This Vale is not plentifiil of Woodde, 

From Sinodune to Ahbingdsn 6. Miles. 

A litle a this fide the Bridge over the Ife at Abbingdon is 
a Confluence of 2. Armes that brekith aboute the Eft Ende 
of -Abbingdon- Abbzy out of the hole ftreame of the^£, and 
ipake^s litle Ifles or Mediamnes. And at this Confluence 
fclf in the very Mouth is a very fair Bridge of 7. Arches : 
and a very litle beneth this Bridge booth the Armes yoinid 
and renting in one Botom goith yftto Ife. 

*The greath Bridge zt Abbingdon over Ife hath a 14. Arches. 

* Markeney B. fed infra Makeney. fi Mount gewelU St. Mon- 
gewell B. y ther deed G. t The greatb Bridge &c.] In the Margin 
of Mr. Stewe** Copy is added : John of S. Helencs, fo cawlyd bycaufe 
be dwelt in S. HcljnV Paroxbe in Abyndon, was the firft Beginner 
and Maker ef this Bridge of Stone. Afore bis tyme it was a Ferry, 
The Makynge of tbis Bridge was a great Hinder ens to tbe Tewne of 
Walingford, wbitbar tbe Trade was of Glofbrfhire. Tbis John of 
S. HelinV fad about tbe Begynyng of H. tbe 6. See Vol. VII. 
fat I. f.14. 
1 1 ■ 

s Coins Cooite in the aarpo. a Molynn in th* margin. 3 MouMfewdle. 

The 



4* LfiLAND'S ittNtRARY. 

T*he 'tcton of Abbingdm afore the Abbay was buildid 
there was e*uU*d Seukejhatn. 

The Abbay was firft begon at A?jZ? Wood in Barkjbir a 
1. Miles niore upper oft the t!fe then Abbingion ntiw is t but 
the Foundations and the Workes there profperid not \ wher- 
apon it \fras tranflatid to Sruhjbm> and ther finrfcid moft 
by the Ctftes of King Cijfa> that there afifer was buried ; but 
the very place and Tumbe of his Burial was never knowerr 
fyns the Danes defacW Abbingdm. 
F0L15. I hard that ther was an holy Heremite, Kynne to King 
CiJJa, that ljrvid vn the Woode* and Marifches about Seukt- 
Jham> and that the Abbay for his fake and by his Meanes 
Was buildid there. 

EtbihvoUU, Abbate of Abbingdm, and after Bis&opr oftVln- 
ihefttiy yh Kiftg $ Edgares did derery renovate and y aug- 
mented this Abbay, digging and caufiin* a Out to cum <ftit 
of Ifis by force to ferve and purge thoffices of thabbay. 

The Chif che and buildinges that he made ther were after 
taken doune and new made by Notntan Abbates in the ftrft 
Norman Kinges Tymes. The eft Partes wherof yet be feene.- 

The Tower in the nridlc of the Chirch, al die body of the 
Chirch, and the Towers at the weft ende of it wher made 
by 4. Abbates immediatelie preceding the laft 4. Abbates <A 
Abbingdon. 

The latter 2. of the 4. Abbates that buildid the Weft part 
of the Chirch were tfms namid : Afchendune and Same. 

Sante was a Dodor of Divinite, and was hnbaflador at Rome 
bothe for King tdtottrt the fourth and Henri* the vij. 

At the Weft end of the Area wheryn the Abbay Chirch of 
Abbingdm ftondhh is a Chanel Chapelle, to the which was 
gyven the proftte of * ChapeBe at Baytuortb by Baghy-Wood. 

On the South fide of the Area isral the Abbate and Con- 
ventes Lodging. 

Tir olff Tymer many 6f the Villages about ABbingdon ha<T 
but Chapelles of Eafe, and Abbingdon Abbay was their Mo- 
ther Chirch, and there they buried. 
FoL 16. There is at the Weft ende of thabbay withowt the Gate 
a Chirch dedicate to £. Nicolas, and buildid by one Abbate 
Vtkolas for the Eafe of the Toun encreafing with People. ^ 

Again this on the other fide withoute thabbay Gate is a 
Chirch dedicate to S. John, and there is an Hofpital having 

« Tami/e G. fi Edgare's Days 4*4 St. Edgares time didG* 
jfdde time am B. y Aogmctit B. 

6. Almofc 



LELAWD'S ITINERARY. 43 

6u Afanofe Menne. The Kihgei be countid fof Founders of 
tbhUofpitsle: 

There is a Paroch Chinch of S. thltne at the South Ende 
of the Toun apon Ifo as the Ryver cununith from the Ab- 
bay downewafd. 

At this Place was fumtyme a Nunnery : and yn S. Ethel- 
woUes tyme that renewid thabbay of Jbbingdon wer ftrauagc 
Thirtges and Tufflbes found yn digging. 

« There is now an Hofoital of 6. Men and 6. Women at S. 
HtUnes maintenid by a Fraternite ther, as I hard. 

A veiy Htlte bencth S. Helenes ciimmith fi Ocb Ryver tho- 
rough the Vale of WhluHorfe into Ifts, 

Ther is a Mille almoft at the mouth of this Confluence 
caullid Ocktmitii) and ' another above it. 

There is a right goodly Crofle of Stone with * faire Degres 
zM Imagerie in the Market Steede of Jbbingdon. 

There is alfo a fair Houfe with open Pillars coverid with 
a Rofe of Leade for Market folkes. The Toun of Jbbingdon 
ftondith by clothing. The Market is quik there. _^ 

y Remembre to Qfcke with Mr. Bachelor in Jbbingdon, and *^J 
the Prior of Jbbingdon dwelling a Mile from Jbbingdon^ 
for the Booke dt Geflis abbatum de Abbingdune. 

From Jbbingdon to a fair Waren of Conies longging to FoLi;. 
thabbay about a Mile. 

Thens a 4. Miles to Cbifilhavtptcn-Bndge. 

Thens to ffafileyj. Mies. 

From Haftley to Oxford about a 7. Miles. 

Roberto de Oitteio that cam into England with ffyitiam 
Conauferor had given to hym the B'aronyc* of Oxford afri 
Ssuxi£t iKderuL,. 

This Robert made the Caftelle of Oxford^ and, as I con- 
)e£t y other made the Waulles of Oxford or repairid them. 

Tliis Robert made the Chapelle of 5. George in the Caftelle # 
afOkforde, and foundid a College of Prebendaries there. x ^ 

This Robert dyid withowt Iffue, and wher he was buried 
it is not veiy certeinly knowen. 



m There is new an Hofpital &c] In the Marg. of Stowed Copy 
}s added, John tf S. HclinV govt 50. //. Land the Ter to the 
J Hnj ntenunu of thh Hoffttalt and the Bridge. See Vol. VII. 
JPait lj fol. j 4. fi Ocke 5. & G. y Deeft haec J in G. 

I Hotter, a 6ir f _ 

Thfe 



44 LELAND f S ITINERARY. 

Jmnwa ic This Robert had one John de « Einerio that was acceding 

Emm* faixiiliar with hym, and nad beene in the Warres as fworen 

Brother onto hym, and had promifed to be ' partaker of Ro- 

Fol. i*. btrtts Fortunes p. Wherapon he enrichid hym with Poflef- 

fions, and, as Aim think, gave hym S. WaUrtes. 

Robert Oilley had a Brother caullid Nigellus^ of whom be 
no verye famofe thinges written. 

Nigellus had a funne caullid Robert that provid a very 
noble Man. 

This Robert the 2. had a Wife caullid Edith Form, a Wo- 
man of Fame and highly eftemid with King? Henry f the 
• . . by whofe procuration Robert weddid her. 
, This Robert began the Priorie of Blake Chanons at Ofeney 

by Oxford emong the Ifles that IJis Ryver ther makith. 

Sum write that this was the occafion of making of it. Edith 
ufid to walk 1 out ( 0;r/WCaftelle with her Gen til women to 
folace and that often tymes, wher yn a certen place in a tre 
as often as (he 9 came 9- a" certen pies ufid to gether to it, and 
Fol. iq. t ^ lcr to chattre, and as it wer to fpeke onto her. Edithe much 
marveling at < this matier, and was fumtyme fore ferid as by a 
wonder. 

Wherapon flie fent for one Radulpb, a Chanon of S. 
Fredifiuidesi a Man of a vertuus Life and her Confeflbr, 
* asking hym Counfel : to whom he anfwerid, after that he 
had feene the fafcion of the Pies Chattering only at her 
dimming, that (he (hould builde Aim Chirch or Monafterie 
in that Place. Then fhe entreatid her Husband to build a 
Priorie! and fo he did, making Radulp the firft Prior of it. 
The Gumming of Edith to Ofeney and Radulph Waiting 



* Lege, Eivcrio. fi In this Place Mr. LeUnd has put this Me- 
morandum. — - Titalus. Incipit liber Euclidis philofophi de arte 
Geomctrica ab Athalardo Badonienfe de Arabico in Latinnm tranf- 
latus. 456. propofita & propofitiones, & 1 1. porifmata praeter axi- 
omata unguis libris praemiua. * This omitted in B. y Henry the 
firft, by whofe St. & G. I Adde firft cum B. 1 out of Oxford St. 
( To Oxford B. Lege, of Oxford, ut in Mouaftico Anglicano* 
n came certen G. $ Deeft a in B, 1 this matier, was fum- 
tyme G. 



1 ptrmJter. 

oa 



. ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 45 

on her, and the trt with the Chattering Pies « be paintid in 
thcWaulle of tharchover Edith Tumbe in Ofeney Priorie. 

There lyith an Image of Editbe of Stone in thabbite of a 
Wowes, holding an Hart in her right Hond, on the North 
fide of the High Altare. 

Robert Oilley^ the 2. Founder of Ofeney Priorie, was buried 
in thabbay of Eigne/bam 9 a 3. Miles from Oxford. • 

Robert Oilley the 2, had faire Iflue by Edith his Wife, 
emonjr the which Henry was his Heire. 

This /fowy lyith buried yn Ofeney Chirch, in the veri Midle 
of the Presbyterij under a flatte Marble Stone, wherapon is 
a flourid /S Croffid porturid. This Henry had Henry the 2. 
And from Henry the 2. were other Difcentes : but in y pro- 
cefle the Landes of the OiUeys were difparkelid. 

Ther is at this tyme one of the Oilleis a Man of a 140. li. 
Land dwelling I 

Thi3 Oilley hath to Wife my Ladie Williams Doughter of 
RUote. 

He is now communely caullid DoiUey of this Title de 
OiMo. 

Ela 9 Countes of Warwit, a Woman of a very great 
Riches and Nobilite, lyith buried at the Hedde of the Tumbe 
of Henry Oilley^ undre a very fair flat Marble, in the Habite 
of a Woues; Graven yn a Coper Plate. 

Ela gave many rich Jewelles to Ofeney , but no Landes. w « ** 

£la gave Aim Landes to Royle Abbay by Ofeney. 

Ela gave richc giftes to thabbay of Reading. 

On the North fide of the Presbyteri of Ofeney Chirch is 
buried undre an Arche John Saincle John a famofe Man in 
an high and large Tumbe of Marble. 

S. Johns Wife lyith under a flat Marble by her Husbandes 
Tumbe. 

Beaufort a Knight lyith in the Quier at the Hed of 
Countes Ela. 

This Bewfort and an Abbate of Ofeney buildid the Body of 
the Chirch now ftanding at Ofeney ^ and ther be porturid their 
Images in the Volt of it* 



* be fainted by the Walls of the Church over Edith V Tombe in 
Of. Priory G. fS CroJ/fd] Crofe G. Croffe J5f. y proceffe of tym 
the Landes G. I No points after dwelling in St. & G. 

There 



46 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

There be very fairedoblelfles* on eche fide of the Body 
of the Chirch. 

There is buried at Qftnej jrn our Lady Chapelle a Noble 
Man of the Placetes, in a fai/Tumbe with an Image. 

One Themis Kidtingtmt, borne at KidUngtm in Oxford/Mr, 
Abbate of 0/enej 9 buildid many Yeres fins the Chapelle of 
our Lady on the North fide of the Presbyterie of Ofewey 
Chinch. 

There were in the Beginning certen Priors at Ojcnej : and 
then the Rulers of the rloufe were made Abbatc* : at the 
which tyme the Landes of Ofeney were augmentid and parte- 
( ly given with a certen peculiar Jurifdi&ion Qrirkual yn 
Gkceflrejbir. 
|q* One Mr. James Beyltit of OxfbrJhtih a peace of a Booke 
of the Afies of Xhe Abbates of Ofenej. 
Fol. 21. From Oxford thorough the Southgate and Bridge of fun- 
drie Arches over Ifis y and a Ion* Caufey in ulttr. rifa in 
BarkJUr by a good Quarter of a Mile or more, and fo up to 
ffinxey fiille, about a Mile from Oxford. 

From this Place the Hilly Grounde was meatfly wooddy 
.for the (pace of a Mile : /Band thens *o. Miles al by Chaum- 
pain, and fum Come, but moft Pafture, to Farington* Hand- 
ing in a ftony Ground in the Decline of an Hillc. 

Sum caufle this Toune Chefing-Faringtm ; but there is 
other none or very fmaul Market now at it. 

This Tounelet hath but one Paroch Chirche that hath a 
Crofle Me. 

In the Chirch yard is a very fair Chapelle of the Trinite 
made by one Chem/* buried ther in a highTumbe of Marble : 
and ther is a Cantuarie endowed. Cheney Lord Warden of 
thpjj. Portes now seveth it. 

1 he Perfonage is a 40. li. by Yere longing to a Prebende 
yn JSansbyrii that young y Canelcant a Florentine now hath. 

I asked for the Caftefie that the Favorers of MatiUe Em- 
peres ere£tfd at this Place, qnd King Stephen after pullid 
doune : but they could telle me naught of it. 

I lernid of certentye that a Mile out of Farington toward 



m en ecbe fid* $/] there \p a line drawn thro* tfcefe four words 
in the Original ; but I know not whether by Mr. Leknd % % own 
Hand. $ and ibens 20. Miles St. y Qnelcaut St. & G. Ca« 
vdcant B. 

the 



LEI,AND>S ITINERARY. 4? 

the *qgbt way * Ifightwrik Topn* v. Miles fropi Paring**** 
wher is a good Market for Barkjbir on the Wenfdq^^ apperetfo 
9 gi?*t Bicfo wter a porftsefle, or rather a Camp of 1 War, 
hath beene, as fum fay, dikid by the Danes for a £ Aire Cai»p#, 

From FarjngtM onto §, Jdnis-Bridgs of 3. Arches of Stone 
and a Caufey a 3. Miles dim. al by low ground, a/id fubjeft 
t» (be overaowintes of Ms. 

I lernid that NortbUcb-brokej that cummith afar to Eft- 
kche, enterith into lis a Utle bynetb S. Jehris-Bridg. 

This Ntrtbfab Water cumnrutb from North to South. 

Ntrthkch is a praty upjandifch Tbvne viij. Mile* from 
3. J*bf$-Bri4g by North. #&W>f is a 5. Mile? lower, both 
fet ripa citer. as I carp. 

As I rode over IJis \ lernid that ulttr. ripa was in G&- 
ctfir€Jbir> y and ^^n^r fajid Bar4flrir> ajad QtfyrHhir not far 
of. 

At the very ende of S. y<\kris-&ridgf in ripa ulur'im pn FoLu; 
the right flood I /aw a ChapeUe in a Medow, god grcatc 
Enclofur^ <rf ftpnc Wastes. 

Heere wa$ i> bemimm mw*W 3 Priory of Blake Chanons 
of the Patronage 0/ the Duke of Claranc* or *W. When 
this Priory was fuppreffid there were 3. Gajituarjes eroftid 
in the Church of Lttbtkde: and ther remaynid ontylle of 
late dayes one Undrwuotd*, Pecan? of Walhngfordcy founde 
Meanes that 3, of thefe Captuaries fliould be at Wttiingfuri* 
College, and the third to ren^ajne at IiHbk&i. 

FiotnS.yofo's-Bri&t tp LuMaA about half a Mite, it 
is a praty olde Village, and hath a pratie pyramis of Stone, 
at the Weft Ende of the Cfeircfe. 

From Lechikdi to Fair ford about a 4. Miles al by Low 
ground, in a **aner |A a lev^lle, wofl: apt for graft, but very 
barein of Woodde. 

Fairfird is a praty upla*d*f<ph Tqhto, arid mwch of i t long- 
ith with the Perfonage to Tewhsbyri-Abbjw. 

There i* a fair Man/ion Plape of the Tonus hard by the 
Chirch Yard*, b»ti{did thoroughly by Jolm Tarn and * £d- 



m. to Jgntwortb St. To HigbtvortbG. To Highworth B. fi fair* 
G. y and citerior *# Burklhir and Oaferdihir, omiffs mf far 
#f, in G. > I#* in Barkfhir cum JB. 



Artram. * Etauad, 



48 LELAND'S ITlttEFLAftY. 

mmndi Tame. The bakfide wfaerof goith to the very Bridg 
of Fairferd. 

Fairford never florifhid afore the Cumming of the Tames 
onto it. 

John Tame began the fair new Chirch of Pairforde y and 
Eamunde Tame fmifhid it. 

Both John and Edmund ly buried in a ChapeUe of the 
Northfide of Fairford Quier. 

Epitaph: JeanmsTame. 

Orate pre animabus Joanms Tame armigeri & Aliciae uxo- 
ris ejus, qui quidem Joannes obiit 8. die Menfis Maij, a 9 . D. 
1500, & an?, regni Regis Henrici 7. 16 . Et pradi&a Alicia 
*£/ff 20. die Menfis Decembris, An 9 . D. 1471. 
Epitaph: Edmund Tame. 
• J5ff* /*«# Edmundus Tame mi&f, & Agnes, &f Elizabeth 
«jwr^ ejus, qui quidem Edmundus obiit prime die Odobr. 
tf°. D. 1534. tf *°. r/^ix Henr. 8. 26. 
Fol. * 3 . Fairford Water rilith a 5. Miles North North Weft from 
Fairford^ and after rennith about a Mile lower thorough 
IVeueford Village, and about a Mile lower as it were betwixt 
IVeueford and S. Joints-Bridge goith into IRs. 

The ftreameofZ& lyith from\jobn*s-Bridge thus upward : 

From S. John-Bridge to Leehetad more than half a Mile. 

From Leehelade to i?/7*« Caftelle in IVhileJhir^ wher great 
Ruines of a Building in Wjleflnr* as in ulteriori ripa % remayne 
yet, a 2. Miles upper on the Ijis. 

From E'tton Caftelle to Nunne-Eim a Mile, to Greielade* 
or rather Griieiade, « a 2. Miles. 

is/to* the Lord Zouchts Caftelle. 

Nunne-Eiton longrid to God/tow. 

£ Crekelade is § in the farther Ripe of /fir, and ftondith in 
Wilejbire. 

Loke here wher Braden Water cumming out of Wikjbir 
dooth go ynto Ifis. 

' From taireford to Pultun aboute y a 2. Miles j&r. Going 
out of Fairford I paffid over the Water, wher is a Bridg of 
4.. Stone Arches. 



mat. Miles] a good Mile St. $ Leg. Crekelade is en the far- 
ther, y a 2. Af//tt, *jr4 £*>£ St. 



Ther 



^BLAND'S ITINERARY. 49 

Ther cunmith a litlc bek by Putm 9 * that after /ft goit at 
a Mille a litle abov? into die IJts. 

Then cummith Jm*q-Broko into Ifis. Cowberle Water ^ flu- 
cipnaiith into violu »* 

I notid a litle beyond Pulton Village Pulton Priorie, wher 
was a Prior and 2. or 3, Blake Chanons y with hym. 

t faw yn the Waulles where the Presbyterie was 3, or 4; 
Arches, wher ther were Tumbes of Gentilmen : I think that 
there was byried fum of the Sainft-Maurs. And of furety on 
$. Maur Founder of it was buried there.. 

As I paffid out of Pulton Village I went over the Bek of 
PuJtottj * rifing not far above. 

^ Puhon-Bek about a Mile beneth Pulton goith at a Mille a Ammt fa« 
litle a,bove Dounamney \nt& Amney fbeame. 

fsqm Pulton toward Amnty Villag I paffid over Amney Wa- 
ter, and fo to Amney Village, leving it on the right hand. 

4*»Q Brook rifith a litle sjbove Amnty Toune by North 
out of a Rok : and gpith a 3. Miles of or more to Doune- 
am*ey % whfr Syr Antony Hungreford hath a fair Houfe of 
Stque wipa ulter. 

Amney goith ijato ^fa a Mile beneth Dounamney agaip 
Nurme Eiton in /fai&r. 

From Pulton to Cirenceftre I a 4. Miles. M. «* 

Cireneeflre ftqndith or Churn* Kyver. 

Ctnrnuflre caullid if* Latin* Coriminum. 

Thw ^s afore fl)e Qonqueft a fair and riche College of 
Prebeq&ncp ip this Tonnes bijfc qf what Saxon's Founda- 

/fo»/7 the firft n>ade thi* College an Abbay of Chanons 
Rfgu^f 6 ^ gyving them the Landes of the Prebendaries to- 
tally, and nun other Thinges. RumbaMus, Chauncelaj to 
Kin£#fcwrf the OonfeJJbr^ wa»Dene of this Houfe, and bu- 
ried ia the Bofly of the Chiicji, as it apperith by the Epitaphy 
on his Tunahe. 



* /£*/ */kr £«/£ 4/ a Mile a litis aheert Donraaineyr Villegt 
*S!i AfflBSX !F*t£T i* tS.lflh Sts A J?, npn difcedit G/ Qoeth 
at a Mille a Ude above ZW*f ^»/y Village into Amney Water, 
and fee into $s. &c. B. fcf quidem in Autografho fitpra inte the 
Mr fcriiitur, Dvttneamney Village into Amney Water, y witV 
hym de&nt St. * O. *'* 4. mrks] about five miles 6. 

M 

,¥** ' W D The 



i* LELAtfD'S ITINERARY. 

The Eft Parte of the Chirch of Cirenceftre-Abbsy fhewith 
to be of a very old Building. The Weft Part from the 
Tranfeptum is but new Work to (peke of. King Richard the 
firft gave to 1 Cirenceftre the Cortes and Perquifites of 7. Hun- 
dredes therabout yn Gloceflreftnr. 

The Landes of Cireneeflre-Abbzy litle augmentid fins the 
Tyme of the Fundation by Henry the firft. 

There ly 2. Noble Men of S. Amandes buried withyn the 
Presbyterie of Cirenceflre- Abbay Chirch. 

And there is buried the Hart of « Sentia 9 Wife to Richard 
King fi of Romainsy and Erie of Cornwall. 
ySerlo Deca- Serb firft A bbate of Cirenceflre. 

aZ E^d! fit This Serl ° madc his Brothcr Prior of Bradeni-lioke. 
Abbw Curi- Ther were fcxviij. or xxix. Abbates of Cirenceflre after Serb* 
nienfa." Mr. Slake the laft Abbatc buildid 2. Fulling Millcs at Ci- 

renceflre that 1 coft a 700. Markes of Mony. They be won- 
derfully neceflary, bycaufe the Toun ftandith alle by Clothing. 
There hath bene 3. Paroche Chirchis in Cirenceflre^ wher- 
of 8. Cecilia Chirch is clene doun. it was of late but a Cha- 
F<J . *5* pelle. S. Laurence yet ftondith, but as no Paroch Chirch. 
Ther be 2. poor Almofe Women endowid with Landes. 

Ther is now but one Paroche Chirch in al Cirenceflre: but 
that is very fair. 

The Body of the Chirch is al new Work, to the which 
Rutbal) Bisfliop of Dure/me, borne and brought up in Ciren- 
ceflre, promifid much, but preventid with Deth gave nothing. 

• One AHce Aveling, Aunt to Bisfliop Ruthal by the Mo-, 
ther fide, gave an Hundreth Markes to the Building of the 
right goodly Porche of the Paroch Chirch. 

- £ And RuthalUs Mother contributid and other to the per- 
forment of it. 

• Alexander Necham^ a great Clerk and Abbate of Ciren- 
ceftr£ y buried in the Entring of the Cloifter diWicceflre^ en- 
tering out of the Chirch into the Cloyfter. King Henry the 
firft made the Hofpital of S. John at Cirenceflre. Cirenceflre 
Toun hath but a Bailife to govern there* 

* Cirenceflre is yn Cotefwoldc." 

* Sanftia B. fi of the Romains G. y Defunt G. t xxviii. 
or dcfunt St. • coft about 700. G. £ And ULuthnllcs mother and 
ethers contributed to the performance of it G. % Grenceflro u jn 
CotefwoUe dcfunt G. 

I Cbtaccfet 

Cirenceflre 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 5X 

. Crrenctftrt hath the moft celebrate Market* in al that Quar- 
ters on Monday. 

The way lyith /* this from Cirencejbrt to London : 

y To Faitfordvy Miles.* 

To Farington viij. 

• To Abbingdm . . .. Miles. 
To Dorchefire v. Miles. 

To Henley .. 

To London i • • 

7etbyri is vij. Miles from Mabnesbyri, and is a praty Mar- 
ket Toun. 

Tetbyri liyth h2. Miles on the lift Hand of from Fojfi 
as Men ryde to Sodbyri. 

The Ued of Ifts in Cote/walde rifith about a Mile a this 
fide 7W/yn. 

The Fofle way goith oute at Cirencefire, and fo ftreatchith by 
a manifeft great Crefte to Sodbyri Market . . . . Miles of, 
and fo to Brtftow. 

CowberktU lyith by North Weft a vj. Miles from G7v»- 
r^r*, and there ys the Hedde of Ctnvberkeky-Strcamc. 

Matter Bridges hath a fair Houfe at CowberktU. 

This Streame cummith a 3. Miles lower thorough Rencumbe 
Park, and ther hath Sir Edmunde Tame a very fair Houfe. 

From Cirenceftre to Mabnesbyri viij. Miles. Fo j 2 $ f 

Firft I roode about a Mile on Fojfe. then I tumid on the 
lifte Hand, and cam al by Champayne Grounde, fruteful of 
Come and Grafle, but very litle Wood. 

I paffid over a ftone Bridg, wher as Newton Water, as I 
tooke it, rennith in the very Botom by the Town, 1 and fo en- 
terid by the Toune by thefte Gate. 

The Toune of Mabnesbyri ftondith on the very Toppe of 
a greate flaty Rok, and ys wonderfully defendid by nature. 
for Newton Water cummith a 2. Miles from North to the 
Toun: and Avon Water cummith by Wefte of the Toun* 
from L°ukingtm Village a 4. Miles of, and meate aboute a 

* Bridge £ at m South Eft Part of the Toun, and fo goith Avon 



m in aUtbofi Quarters O. this] thus St. & G. y To Fair- 
ford viii. miles St. i> about G. t Leg. and fo enterid into tio 
Toune by t befit Gate. £ at the South G. « The South A 



1 Bridg. 

Da 



$2 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

by South a while, and than turoeth flat Weft toward Bri/bwi 

« The Conclude that cam to Malmtsbjri Abbay was fettc 
from Newton" 

Newton Water and Avon ren lb nere togither in the botom 
of the Weft Suburbe at Afabnetbrri, that there within a 
Burbolt-fhot the Toun is peninfufatid. In the Toun be 4* 
Gates by the names of Eft, Weft, North, and South, minus al. 

The Walles in many places ftond All up ;. but now very 
feble. 

Nature hath dikid the Toun ftrongely. 

It was fum tyme a Caftelle of greate Fame, wher yn die 
Toun hath fyns fk be buildid : for in the Beginning of the 
Saxons Reigne, as far as I can lerne, Malnusbyrt was no 
Toun. 

This Caftelle was namid of the Britons Cair-Rkuhm* 
Ing Sixo. The Saxons firft caullid it Intelburne. 
nice, Latinc And after of one Maildulphus a Scotte, that taught good 
pratmm. L etters t h ere and after procurid an Abbay ther to be made, 
it was Maidutyhesbyri) i. MaiMulpbi curia* 

The King of xheyJVc/l-Saxoiu and a Bisthop of Winchtfhrt 
were founders of this Abbay. 

Ahkhnus was then after Maildupb Abbate there, and after 
Bisfhop of Shirburn* 

This S. Aldelvu is Patrone of this Place. 

The Toune hath a great Privileg of a Fair about the Feft 

Fol. 37. of Saind AfMm* \ fat the which Tyme the Toune kepith a 

Band of harnefid Men to fe peace kept: 1 and { this one of 

the Bragges of the Toun, and therby they be furniflud with 

Harneys. 

Ther were in thabbay Chirch Yard 3. Chircbes : thabbay 
Chirch a right Magnificent thing, wher were 2. Steples, 
one that had a * mightie high pyramis, and felle daungerufly 
in bomimm memoria, and fins was not reedified : it ftode in 
the midle of the Tranfotum of the Chirch, and was a Marke 
to al the Countre about, the other yet ftandith, a greate 
iquare Toure, at the Weft Endc of the Chirch* 



m DefitntG. fi ienehildidO. y Weft Saxons, JMau/Keai- 
walchus, and a Bif. St. i at tbinviicij mlont *Mch G. t and 
this is one G. ( This is one £* 



•The 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 53 

4 The Touiies Men a late bought this Chirch of the King, 
and hath made it their PaVoche Chirch." 

The Body of die olde Paroch Chirch, ftanding in the Weft 
End of the Chirch Yarde, is clene taken doun. The Eft 
Ende U cbnvertid in aulam tvoicam. 

The fair figure Tour in the Weft Ende is kept for a dwell* 
ingHoufe. 

Ther was a title Chirch joining to the South fide of the 
Tranfeftnm fi of thabbay Chirch, wher fum fay Joanms Scottut 
the Great Clerk was flayne about the Tyme of Alfrede King 
of rVeft-Saxons of his own Difciples thrufting and ftrikking 
hym with their Table Pointelles. 

Wevers hath now lomes in this litle Chirch, but it ftondith 
and is a very old Pece of Work. 

Ther was an Image fet up yn thabbay Chirch yn l Honour 
of this John Scott*. 

This is John ScrtU that traiiflatid Dionyfius out of Grtkt 
into Latin*. 

Mabnesbyri hath a good quik Market kept every Saturday* 

There is a right fair and coftely Peace of Worke in die 
Market Place made al of Stone and curiufly voultid for poore 
Market folkes to ftande dry when Rayne cunu»ith. 

Ther be 8. great Pillers and 8. open Arches : and the 
Work is 8. fifu&rc • one great Filler in the midle berith up 
the Voulte. The Men of the Toune made this Peace of 
Work in homnum mttnoria. 

The Jiole logginges of thabbay be now longging to one 
Stwnpiy an exceding riche Clothiar that boute diem of the 
King. 

This Stumpes Stmne hath maried Sir Edward Boyntoris 
Doughter. 

This Stump* was the chef Caufer and Contributer to have Fol. as. 
thabbay Chirch made a Paroch Chirch. 

At this prefent tyme every Corner of the vafte Houfes of 
Office that belongid to thabbay be fulle of lumbes to weve 
Clooth yn, and this Stumpe y entendith to make a ftret.or 2. 



m Defunt G. fi of the Abbay Church f which jit Jlauditb, and 
is a very old pace of Work*. Weavers have now looms in this Unit 
Church. Hire fome faj Johannes Scottus &c. Pointelles. fieri 
vias an Image tic. G. y entendid G. 



I Honor. 

D3 for 



S* LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

for « Clothier in the bak vacant Ground of the Abbay that 
is withyn the Toune Waulles. 

There be made now every Yere in the Toune a 3000. 
Clothes. 

Sum hold opinion that ther was fan tjrme a * Nunnery 
wher the Heremiuge now ftondith in the Dike of the Toune 
at the Weft Ende of the old Paroche Chirch. 

Sum fay there That there was another Nunnery toward 
the Park a litle without the Toun longging to thabbatc in 
the Way to Chippenham. 

And I have redde That there was a Nunnery wher now 
is a poore Hofpitale about the South Bridge without the 
Toun in the way to Chippenham. 

Going out of Malmesbyri by the South Gate I turnid on 
the lifte Hond and fo paffid over Avon by a fair Bridg of 
Stone having 3. Arches. 

And then contending an Hillet even ther by left a Cha- 
pelle or Paroch Chirch hard on the lift Hand, and their, 
leaving the Park and the late Abbates Mafier Place on die 
lift Hond, I cam to a Village about a Mile of ctuffld Fojp 9 
wher was a Bridge and a good ftreame remung undre jt- 

Thens to Chippenham a vj. Miles. 

Riding betwixt Malmesbyri and Chippenham al the Ground 
on that fide of the Ryver was Chaumpain, fruteful of Corne 
and Grafle, but litle Wood. 

Thus rydyng I lefte Avon ftreame aboute /3 a 2. Miles on the 
lifte Hand. I markid 2. Places betwene Malmesbyri and 
Chippenham notable. Draicote* wher Sir Henrye Long hath a 
fair Manor Place, and a Park about a Mile from Avon 
ftreame. Draicot is a 5, Miles front Adakwsbyrh a*d a 2. 
Miles from Chippenham. 
FcL 29. On the other fide of the Avon River I faw Bradentftoke 
Priory Ruines on the Toppe of an Hille a Mile and an half 
from Avon Ryver. 

Bradenejloke is about a 4.. Miles from Malmesbyri. 

Al the Quarters of the Forefte of Braden be welle wooddid 
even along from Malmesbyri to Chippenham Ward. 



m Clothiers St. k G. fia deeft G. 

1 Nanery. 



Mr, 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 55 

Mr. Pyt dwellith at a litle from Chippenham, 

but in Chippenham Paroche. 

One told me that ther Was no notable Bridge on Avon 
betwixt Malmesbyri and Chippenham. I paffid over 2. Bekkes 
betwixt Malmesbyri and Chippenham. 

I left Chippenham a Mile on the lifte Hand, and fo went 
to Alington Village about a Mile of, and thens 3. Miles to 
CoJbam 9 a good uplandifch Toun, wher be ruines of an old 
Maner Place ; and therby a Park wont to be yn dowage to 
the Quenes of Englande. Mr. Bajnton yn Quene Annes 
Dayes pullid doun by licens a Peace of this Houfe fumwhat 
to help his Buildinges at Bromeham. 

Old Mr. Bonebome told me that Cofeham apperteinid to 
the Erldom of Cornwatie, and that Cojham was a Manfion 
Place longging to it wher fumtyme they lay. 

Al the Menne of this ' Townlet were bond : fo that apon 
a tvme one of the Erles of CornewaUe hering them fecretely 
to lament their ftate manumittid them for Mony, and gave 
them the Lordfhip of Cojham in Copie Hold to * paie a chief 
Rente. 

From Cofeham to Hafelbyri about a 2. Miles. 

I left on the lift Hand on the Toppe of a litle Hille an 
Heremitage withyn « a litle as I turnid doun to Hajilbyri. 

The Manor Place of Hafelbyrv ftondith in" a litle Vale, and 
was a Tiling of a fimple Building afore that old Mr. Bone* 
bam Father did build there. The Bonehomes afore that Tyme- 
dwelfid by 3 Lacock apon Avon. 

There is a fold by Lacok wher Men find much Romaine 
Mony. it is caulid Jttuir~feeld. 

From Hafelbyri to 4 Monkt on- Farley a Mile dim. wher by 
the Village ther was a Priorie ftonding on a litle hille, fum- 
tyme having Blak Monkes, a Prior, and a Convent of 12. K 

Monketon-Farky emong other thynges was a late gyven 
to therle of Hertford. 

From Hafelbyri to Monkton the Countre beginnith to wax Fol. 30. 
woddy: and to forth lyke to Bradtfyrd about a 2. Miles 
from Munketun-Farley : and alfo to part into Hilles and 
Valeys. 



« Defunt G. 



1 Towadetf 2 pay. 3 Lacok. 4. Munkton. 

*Mr* 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 
* Mr. Long hath a lido Maner about a Mile from Munke- 

ton-Farley at Wr$xUj. 

The Original fetting op of the Houfe of the £*igw cam, 
as I lernid of Mr. Bonehom, by this meanes .* 

One Long Thomas a ftoute felaw was fette up by one of 
the fi old Lordes Hungrefordes. And after by caufe this Thomas 
was caullid Long Thomas, Long after was ufiiqrid for the 
Name of the FamHy. 

This Long Thomas Matter had Aim Lande by Hwtgre- 
fordes procuration. 

Then fuccedid hym Robert and Henry* 

Then cam one Thomas Lam defoending of y Younger Bro- 
ther, and could skille of the Law, and had thjs f Inheritances 
of the aforefaid Longes. t Syr Henry and Sir Richard Long 
were Sunnes to this Thomas, 

The Toune felf of Bradefbrd ftondtth on the « dining of a 
£flaty Rokke, and hath a meetely good Market ens a Weeke. 
The Toune is made al of flone and ftanditb, as I cam to it, 
on the hither Ripe of Avon. 

Ther is a Chapellc on the higheft Place of the Toune as 
I enterid. 

The fair larg Paroche Chirch ftandith bynethe the Bridge 
on Avon Ripe. 

The Vicarage is at the Weft Ende of the Chirch. 

The Perfonage is L. poundes by the Yens, and was impro~ 
pfiate to Shafttsbyri Abbay. 

Haullo dwellith in a pratie Stone Houfe at the Efte ende 
« of the Efte Ende" of the Toune in dextra ripa jfoonet. 

Hauliy alias de la Sale, a Man of an 100. & Lande* by 
the Yere. 

There is a very fair Houfe of the Building of one Norton a 
riche Clothier at tbe& North Eft part by the Chirch. 

This Hortorts Wife yet lyvith. 

This Horton buildid a goodly large Chirch Houfe ex lapide 
yaadrato at the Eft End of the Chirch Yard without it. 

This Horton made divers fair houfes of Stone in Through* 
Bridge Toun. 

« Sir Henry Longe St. & 6. Sir Henry fufr. liu. fcribitur 
in Autogr. fS old deed G. y yonger Brethem St. a younger 
Brother G. A younger B. I s Inheritance G. • eliminge St. 
ffynung G. Cliving B. £ Statlj G. n of the Efte Ende defunt 
ftt & G, Pejunt B. re#e< » North fart G. 

One 



LfiLAKD'S ITINERARY. 57 

One Lucas a Clothier nbw dudUth in Norton's Houfc in 
Bradford. 
Jnorton teft H6 QitWem. 

Al the Toune of Bradford AonASth by Qooth making. 
Bradford Bridge hath 9. ftfr Archds of Stone. 

* Bath is a 5. Miles lower apon Avon than Bradford: 

Thefe be the Names of 4h± notable Stone Bridges apon Fol. 31. 
.Afcir betwixt Mabnesbjri and Bradford. 

Mahnesbyri Bridge. 

Cbriftine * Malford Bridge about a 5. Miles lower. MdefaL 

Cat/way Bridge atxmte a 2. M9es lower. 

Chippenham a right fair Bridge about a Mile lower. Chip- 
penham Toun is on the farther Ripe toward London, and 
camming from £*»dbi men cum to it not paffing over the 
Bridge. 

Rhe Bridge about a Mile and an half lower. 

About a « 4. Miles lower is Stavertun Bridge, wher is the 
Confluence of *Thrugh-Bridgi water with Avon. 

Bradford Bridge 2 a. Miles lower. 

Bath Bridge or v. fair Arches a v. Miles lower. 

Briftow Bridge a 10. Miles lower. 

A 2. Miles above Briftow was a commune Tntjeilus by 
Bote, wher was a ChapeUe of S. Anne on the fame fide of 
Avon that Bath ftondith on, and heere was great Pilgrimage 
to S. Anne, 

* There is a title Streate over Bradford Bridge, and at the 
Ende of that is an Hofpitale of die Kinges of Englandes 
fundation. 

As I tumid up at this Streat End toward Through-Bridg 
ther was a Quarre of fair Stone on Ae right Hand in a felde. 

From Bradfbrde to Thorough-Bridge about a 2. Miles by 
good Come, Failure and Wood. 

I enterid into the Toune by a Stone Bridge of a 3. Arches. 

The Toune ftandfth on a Rofcky p HHle, and is very welle 
buildid of Stone, and florifhith by Drapery. 

Of y later Tymes one yames Terumber, a Very ri A Cloflrier, 
buildid a notable fair Houfe in this Toune, and gave it at 



* a five miles G. /S Hille] L. Billet, y late G. 

pmm^mm —————— — — — 



% Makforic. 

bis 



*8 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

his Deth with other Landes to the finding of 2. Cantuarie 
Preftes yn Tbrough-Bridg Chirch. 

This Ter umber made adfo a litle Almofe Houfe by Through- 
Bridge Chirch, and yn it be a 6. poore folkes having a 3. pence 
a Peace by the Week toward their Finding. 

Horton y a Clothiar of Bradeforde, buildid of late Dayes 
dyvers fair Houfes in this Toun. 

Old Bayllie buildid alfo of late yn this Toun. he was a 
rich Clothiar. Bailies Sun now drapeth yn the Toun, and 
FoL 32. alfo a 2. Miles out of it at a Place yn the Way to Farky-Cs&cl. 
One Alexandre is now a great Clothier in the Toun. 

The Chirch of Through-Bridge is lightfum and fair. 

One Jljfolines-is Parfon ther, a Man welle Icrnid. 

The Caftelle ftoode on the South fide of the Toune. it is 
now clene doun. There was in it a 7. gret Toures. wherof 
peaces of 2. yet ftande. 

The River rennith hard by the Caftelle. 

This Brooke rifith about a Mile and an half from Wer- 
minfler by Sou theft, andfocummith toTbrough-BriageToune, 
and thens about a Mile to Saverton y an hamlet longing to 
Through- Bridge and there metith with Avon River : and at 
this Confluence there is a Stone Bridg over Avon. 
1 Saverim Saverton ftondith on the fame fide of the Brooke that 
Bridge. Through-Bridge dothe. 

There is a fair ftanding Place for Market Men to ftond 
yn, in the Hart of the Toune, and this is made viij. Square, 
and a Piller in the midle, as there is one made in Mabnes- 
hyri far fairer then this. 

The Erles of Sarum were Lordes of Through- Bridg : then 
the Duke of Lancafter^ now therle of * Hertford. 

From Tbrough-Bridg to CqfielU-Farley about a 3. Miles bv 

?ood Corne, /SPafture, and ncre Farley fclf plenty of Wood. 
)r I cam to the Caftelle I paffid over Frome Water, paffing 
by there yn a Rokky Valey and Botom, where the Water 
brekith into Armelettes and makith Iflettes, but foney meting 
agayn with the principale ftreame, wherby there be in the 
Caufey diverfe finaul Bridges. 



« Hertford] HereftrdG. fi And Pafture B. y Meting"] metith 
fupra lin. in G. 



1 Saverton Bridg in the margin. 

^* This 



LELAND*S ITINERARY. 59 

This Water rennith hard under the Botom of theCaAelle, 
and there driveth a Mylle. The CaAelle is kt on a Rokky 
Hille. 

There be diverfe praty To wires in the utter Warde of the 
CafieUe. 

And in this utter Warde y$ an auncient Chapeile, and a 
new Chapeile annexid onto it. 

Under the Ajch of this Chapeile lyith, but fumwhat more 
to the old Chapeile warde, one of the Hungerfordes with his 
Wife, having thefe Epitaphies apon 2. Schochins of Plate of 
Braffc: _ 

Hie jaeet Thomas Hungerfbrd chevallier dns de Farley, 
Welew, fcf Heitesbyri : qui obiit 3. die Decembris a 9 . D. 1398. Mmi a 
cujus aninue propitietur Veus. amen. LordAip 

* Hie jacet Domino Joanna Uxor ejufdem Thomae Hunger- jSJ^ * 
ford, SUa D*. Edmundi Hufee Militis: qua* obiit prima die • FaL 33. 
Menps Martii a°. D. 1412. 

Thefe Thinges that heere folow were written in a Table 
in the Chapeile : 

Thomas Hungreford Knight and Dame Joanna his Wife. 

Syr Gualter Hungreford Lord Hungreford Knight of the* Goaltemt 
Garter and High Treaforer of Englande. fiUu ^ k T' 

Catarine Heire to Peverel, and Wife to Gualter. ^£,7 j0 " 

Syr Robert Lord Hungreford. Robcrtut 

Margaret Heire to Botreaux, Wife to Robert Erie Hun-^'2^- 

Eleanor Molyncs Heire to Molines and Wife to Robert. : Robertas 

Ley land. ST-^2 

I hard fay that this Erl and his Wife were buried in thej^^.- 
Chirch of Sarum. 

The Line of the late Lord Hungreford. 
Gualter Hungreford Knight. 
Joanna Wife to Gualter. 
Edward Sun to Walter. 
Jane his Wife. 

Syr Guaher Lord ■ Hungreford. 
Sufan Doughter to fs Doners of Daundefey by Bradftok : 
Jlice the Lorde Sannes Doughter : 



« Defunt G. fi Doners] Doners G. Danvers B. 



Eliza* 



€6 ICELAND'S itltffc* A R Y. 

EUzalith the Lordc J-fi^'j Doughter : Wives to Quaker 
late lord Hungerford. 

Gualter and Edward Sunnes to Gualter late Lord H»;x- 

Ther longgid 2. Chauntre Preftes to this Chapdle : and 
thfey had a praty Manfion at the very Eft End of it. 

The Gate Houfe of the Iniier Court of the Caftelle is fair, 
and ther be the Armes of the Hungreforda richely made 
yn Storte. 

The Haute and 3. Chambers wtthyn the fecund Courtc 
be ftately. 

There is a commune fiyirig that orie of the HuHgrefordes 
buildid this Part of the Caftfclle by the Praye of the Duke df 
Qrleaunce whom he had taken Priioner. 

Flfrlef ftaridith yn Somerfetftnr. 

From Ryv6r * ther partith, and fo doun to the Mouth, 
WtUjbir from Somerfetftnr. 

The Mouth of it where it g6ifli ynto Avon is about a 
Mile and an half lower then Farley, and by Eftiraation 
Bradeford is a 1. good Miles upper on Avon. 

There is a * Parke by Farley Caftelle. 

There is alfo a title above the Caftelle a Village. 

Frome Water rifith at ....... . 

W. 34. Phitippes-Northtoun a pratie Market Toun is about a Mile 
from farky Caftelle, and ftanJhh in Somerfetftnr. 

This Toune takith the Name of the Dedication of the 
Chirch thereyn that is to Philip and Jacob. 

There is aFaire at this Toun on theFeftof Philip 2nd Jacob. 

From Farley I ridde a Mile of by Woddy Ground to a 
Graung great and welle .buildid, that longid to Aatoi-Priorie 
of Chartufums. This Priory ftondith not fer of from this 
Graunge on the brow of an HHle abouth a Quarter of a Mile 
from the farther Ripe of Frome> and Hoi far from this Place 
Frome goith ynto Avon. 

I rodde by the Space of a Mile or more by Woddes and 
#Mountaine Grounde to a Place, where I faw a rudfc ft6ne 
Waulle hard on the right bond by a great lenghte as it had 



m Moimtaifte GrowtdesG. 
1 there, a Park. 

beene 



^ELAND'S ITINERARY, i» 

beepe a Park Waitfle. On* fins fold 919 that ifafw Priory 
firft ftofle there, if it be fo it is the Lordftup of Jietborps tbat 
was gyyep tp them for their &ft Habitatiw, 

And about a Mile farther I cam to a Village, and paffid 
over a Ston Bridge where raem* a litle Broke there # they" 
cauUid * ' MilhrlWatcr. 

This Brpofce rifith 191 the rootes of Menfip-HMep a 7* 
Miles or more by Weft South Weft from this Bridge, and 
goith about a Mile lower into Avon. 

From this Bridge to Bath a. good Miles al by Mountayne 
Ground and Quarre and litle Wood in fyte. 

About a Mile from Bath I left the way that ledith to 2*r*% 
Jlow for them that ufe from Saresbyri to art flow. 

Or ever I cam to the Bridge of Bath that is over Avon I Fol. 35. 
cam doun by a Rokkv Hille fuBe pf fair Springes of Water : 
and on this Rokky Hille is fette a longe ftreate as a Suburbe 
to the Cyte of Bath ; and y this ftreat is a Chapelle of S. 
Mary Magdalen. Ther is a great Gate with a Stone Arche 
at die Entre of the Bridge, 

The Bridge hath v. fair Stone Arches. 

Bvtwixt the Bridge and the South Gat? of Bath I markid 
fair Mcdowfis on ech$ Hand, but efpecially on the lift Hond* 
and they ly by South Weft on the Toua* 

The Cite of Both is fette booth yn a fruteful and pleaiant 
Bolom, the which iq environid on every fide with greatft 
Hilles. out of the which cum many Springes of pure watcc 
that be * conveyid by dyverfe > way to ferve the Cite. Info- 
much that Leade beyng made ther at hand many Houfes yn 
die Toune have Pipes of Leade to convey Water from Place 
to Place. 

There be 4. Gates yn the Town by the Names of Eft, 
Weft, North and South. 

•The Toune Waulle within the Toune is of no great Highth 
to the yes : but without it is a fundamentU of a reafonable 
Highth. and it ftondith almoft alle, lakking but a peace about 
GafcopC $-Towti. 

In the Walles a{ this tyme be no Tourres faving over the 
Toune Gate, 



* they deeft G. Dili they am B. fi MilfirJ\ L. htitfwi* 
1 and in this G. In this B. I <w*yes to fen* St. & G. 



One 



6a LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

One Gafcoyne an Inhabitante of the Toune in bominwrt 
memoria made a title Peace of the Walle that was in Decay, 
as for a fine for a fought that he had committid in the Cite : 
wherof one part as at a Corner rifith higher then the Refidew 
of the Wa!le 9 wherby it is commund? caUllid Gafcoynt-Towcr. 

m There be divers notable An tiquitees engravid in Stone that 
yet be fetie yn the Wallas of Bathe betwixt the South Gate 
— ^ — — — n — — — i 

* There be divers notable Antiquities] Since Mr. LdamPs time 
there hav£ been alfo a great Number of Antiquities difcover'd 
at this Place, fome of which have been carefully preferv'd, and 
others intirely deftroy'd. Mr. Camden hath been pleas'd to ac- 
count for feveral, and had he liv'd to have given us another Im- 
preulon of his Book (a new Edition of which in Latin* for it 
ought to be publifhM in the fame Language in which it was ori- 
ginally written, is now much defirM by learned Men) he would, 
in all probability, have accounted for many of the reft. If either 
my prefent Station, or my other Circumftances would allow me 
the liberty of Travelling, I mould take great Pleafure and Sa- 
tisfaction in furveying this ancient and noted City, and 'tis likely 
1 might be indue'd to give an Hiftory of the moft confiderable 
Antiquities about it, together with fuch Remarks and Reflections 
as fhould occur to me on that occasion. At the fame time 
'twould be proper to add a Collection of other Roman Antiquities 
fHH preferv'd in this Ifland, and not yet publifh'd by any of our 
Antiquaries. And this would be a convenient Seafon too for 
publiming that famous Collection of ancient Statues preferv'd in 
my I/. Lempftet** Gardens in Nortbamptonjbire, ifhjch I could 
wifli had been done by Mr. Moreton in his late Natural Hiftory of 
Northampton/hire, efoecially ftnee he refervM one Part of the 
Work for the moil memorable Antiquities belonging to that 
County, amongft which theie Statues ought certainly to be 
reckon'd. But leaving thU Point* all I ftiall note farther at 
prefent is only to beg leave to infert three Roman Infcriptions 
that are hVd in the Walls at Bath, which tho* they are already 
publinYd by Mr. Camden*, yet they are very faultily printed there 
and far from being done with that Nicety and Exactnefs that 
ought to be obferv'd in thefc Affairs. The two former were 
taken by an ingenious and accurate Perfon, viz. Mr. Samuel 
Gale of London, Brother to my learned Friend Roger Gale 
Efq ; of Scruton near Nortbalertm in Yorkjkirt. The firft is as 
follows : 



• Brk, B4. opt p. i«7, 

Thia 



LELANfrS ITINERARY, 
and die Wefte Gate : and agayn betwixt the Weft Gate and 
the North Gate. 



« 3 



Ijxec colojW CUSV 

Vixf-AH.IXXX-Vl 



This is alto pnblifh'dby the {aid Mr. Root* Gali in his 
Ammdms, p. 129. bat faultily likewife, occafion'd not by bis 
own Negligence, bat by tke Carelefinefs of the Ingravcr, or at 
leaft of the Perfon that had copied it for him. A Copy of this 
Infcription was alio communicated to me before by the ingenious 
Mr. Edward Th waitbs, who had taken a view of the Stones 
ttanielTes, daring his Rcfidence for fome Months at his Place. 
Btt in his Copy for lxxxvi. 'twas read lxxxvhi, and I found 
by perofing his Notes that he had remarked that only lxxx. 
appearM really in the Stone. The fecond Infcription is this •* 



ftutfUout 

Uthm 
gistontu. 



ANNmnrarDiwRD 

MVDKHVICX.S'ANN/VJ 
F1L.P4K.FECJ. 



cum 



Corfmcxypia. 



that is, Diss Mamhu Srntti*, feu Succtf*, Petnni*. Fixit 1 
trts, men/a qumtwr* tits qHbuttctm, RmJms bust 6f Site** fib* 
fartntes feemtnt. I am the rather indin'd to believe thefe Co- 
pics of Mr. Gali to be cxa&, becaufe they are warranted and 

con- 



6 + ^S^AND'* ITINERARY. 

The firft wu ** «nti|V* tUA ff * nta made al flat and 
having great Lokkes of Here as I have in a Cojne of & Jhaiau. 

The Secunde that I did fe bytwene the South and the North 
Gate was an Image, as I tooke it, of Hercules ; for he held 
yn eche Hand a Serpent. 

Then I faw the Imagp of a foote man vibrato gladta & 
pratenfo clypeoy ^ t* 

Then I faw a Braunch vrith-Leves foldid and wrethin in- 
to Circles. / ; . v . 

Then I faw'ij. naketf Imlgjs lying a long, trie one un- 
bracing the other. 



confirm'd by other Copies of them that were lent me by the 
learned Mr* €>»dv, thew being no material Difference in either 
of their Trajtfbripts. And yet the eforefidd Mr. Thwaite* (who 
died, to the no fmall Lofs of &uw* Learning^ at Littkmen near 
Qxfor* between four and five of the Clock in the Morning on 
¥u*/Siap Dt&. ii<*. 17 Si. and was buried very privately in the 
Chancel of the Church of Iffky to which Part of LinU$mrt be- 
longs- the next day about five a Clock in the Evening) was pkas'd 
to Mad the latter of thefc Inscriptions quite otherwise, as ap- 
pears from the. Copy he gave me leave to tranferibc from his 
Note Book, viz. 

D. M. 

SVCC. PETRONIAE, VIX. 

ANN. III. M. IIII. D.IX. VgpO 

MVLVSr.J. VICTSARINA , 
FIX. KAR. FEC. 
.The lafl of thefe three Jnfraptions wnj fent t*gf>f toy learned 
Friend the beforemention'dcMr. OoDr f and' is exa&ly here 
printed fr9m his Copy : . ^ . % . - , v 



Tst&S. * S A 
t 



SLrVXi 



At 

or 



Which Mr. Oddy reads thus: Julius Sahinus Jubae Uxdri, the 
/ being inferted, as it was cuftomary alfo in other Inftances of 
the fame kind. This had been likewise before pnt into my hands 
by Mr. Thwaites, but then he does not feem to have been fo 
happy in his Reading, his Copy reprefenting it thus : 



'•iTiuaT'SA: 



;j s vx sc: 

Theft 



tELAND*S ITINERARY. 65 

Then I law to antique Heddes with Heere as rofdid yn Fd. j6. 
Lokkes. 

Then I faw a Grey-Hound as renning, and at the Taile of 
hym was a Stone engravid with great Komane Letters, but I 
could pike no « fentence out of it. 

Then I law another Inscription, but the Wether hath ex- 
cept a few Lettres clere fi defacid. 

Then I faw toward the Weft Gate an Image of a man em- 
bracid with 2. Serpentes. y I took, it for Laocoon. 
Betwixt the Wefte and the North Gate. 

I faw 2. Infcriptions, of the wich fum wordes were evi- 
dent to the Reader, the Refidew clene defacid. 

Then I faw the Image of a nakid Man. 

Then I faw a ftone having cupidines & labrufcas inter- 
cwrrentes. 

Then I faw a Table having at echeEnde an Image Vivid 
and floriflud above and beneth. In this Table was an Irtfcri- 
ption of a Tumbe or Burial wher in I faw playnly thefe 
wordes : vixit annot xxx. This Infcription was meately 
hole but very f dtffufely written, as Letters for hole Wordes, 
and fc. or 3. Letters conveid in one. 

Then I faw a. 2. Images, wherof one was of a nakid Manne 
grafping a Serpent in ecne Hand,' as I tooke it : and this Image 
was not far from the North Gate. 

Such Antiquites as were in the Waulles from the North 
Gate to the Eft, and from the Eft Gate to the South, • hath 
bene defacid by the Building of the Monaftery, and making 
newWaulles. 

I much doubte wither thefe antique Workes were fette in 
the Tyme of the Romans Dominion in Britayne in the Waulles 
of Bathj as they ftand .now : or wither they were gatherid 
of old Ruines ther, and fins fet up in the Walles reedified ia 
Teftimonie of the antiquite of the Toun. 

There be 2. Springes of whote Wather in the Weft South. 
Weft Part of the Towne. Wherof the bigger is caullid the 
Croffi Bath) bycaufe it hath a Crofs erectid in the midle of it.« 
This Bath is much frequentid of People * difeaiid with Lc- 

m jknfe G. fi defacid it G. y I tooktit for Laococn in Auto- 

fr. I dijfkfyjff] It lhould be rather contraBtdly, as is conjeclor'd 
y my learned and very kind Friend Thomas Rawlinsqn of 
the Middle-Teinple Efq. 1 Havc^. 

1 defend. 
Vol.n. E pre 



66 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

pre, Pokkes, Scabbes, and great Aches, and is temperate 
and pleafant, having a 1 1. or 12. Arches of Stone in the fides 
for men to ftonde under yn tvme of Reyne. , 

Many be holp by this Bathe from Scabbes and Aches. 

The other Bathe is a 2. hunderith Foote of, and is leffe in 
FoL 37. Cumpace withyn the « Waulle then the other, having but 7. 
Arches yn the Waulle. 

This is caullid the Hote Bathe ; for at cumming into it 
Men think that it wold fcald the Flefch at the firft, but after 
that the Flefch ys warmid it is more tolerable and pleafaunt. 

Both thefe Bathes be in the midle of a fi lite (treat, and 
joinc to S. John's Hofpitale : fo that it may be thought that 
Reginalde Bisfhop of Bathe made this Hofpitale nere thefe 2. 
commune Bathes to focour poore people refoxting to them. 

The Kinges Bathe is very (aire and large (landing almoft in 
the midle of the f Toune, and at the Weft End of the Cathe- 
drale Chirch. 

The Area that this Bath is yn is cumpaffid with an high 
Stone Waulle. 

The Brimmes of this Bath y hath a litle Walle cumpafing 
them, and in this Waul be a 32. Arches for Men and Wo- 
men to ftand feparately yn. To this Bath do Gentilmen 
refort. 

Ther goith a flufe out of this Bothy and fervid in Tymes 
paft with Water derivid *out of it 2. Places in Bath Priarit 
ufid for Bathes : els voide j for in them be no fpringes. 

The Colour of the Water of the • Baynes is as it were a 
depe blew Se Water* and rikith like a fettling Potte conti- 
nually, having fumwhat a fulphureus and fumwhat a * plea- 
fant favor. 

The Water that rennith from the 2. (maul Bathes goit 
by a Dike into Avon by Weft bynethe the Bridge. 

The Water that goith from the Kinges Bath turnith aMylle, 
and after goith into Avon above Bath-Bridge. 

In al the 3. Bathes a Man may evidently fe how the Water 
£ burbelith up from the Springes. 



« Walls G. and fo alfo in the next line, fi litle St. & G. 
Litle B. y have G. I out of it to Places St. t Bathes B % 
£ Bubleth B. 



1 towne, a ooplaefant. 

Thcr 



LEL'AND'S ITlNEfcARY. tf 

*Ther be withyn the Walles of Bath. . . Parocbe Chirchis, 
of the which the tourrid Steple of the Paroche Chirch at the 
North Gate femith to be auncient. 

There is a Paroche Chirch and a Suburbe without the 
North-Gate. 

There is an Hofpital of S. John hard by the Crojfe Bathe, 
of the Fundation of Rtginaldt Bisfhop of Bathe. 

The Toun hath of a long tyme fyns bene continually FoL j&* 
moft mayntainid by making of Clothe. 

There were in hominum memoria 3. Clothiers at one tyme, 
thus namid, Style, Kent and Chapman, by whom the Touri 
of Bath then florifhid. Syns the Death of them it hath 
fumwhat decayed. 

It apperith in the Booke of the Antiquitees of the late 
Monafterie of Bath that King O/ric in the Year of our Lord 
676. Theodore then beyng Arche-bisftiop of Cantwarbyri, did 
ered a Monafterie of Nurtnes ztBath> and Bertant was the 
firft Abbatifle therof. 

It apperith by a Charte that one EtkelmocL a great M n* 

fave, by the Leave of King JEdelrede, in Theodore tharch- 
islhop of Cantwarbyri's tyme, Landes to one Bemguid Ab- 
batifle of Bath, and to one « Foulcburc. 

The Book of thantiquite of the Abbay of Bath makith 
no great mention of any great notable Doyng of Offa King 
of the Merehes at Bathe. 

The Prior of Bath told me, that after the Nunhes Tyme 
ther wer Secular Chanons in S. Peter's Chirch at Bath, para* 
venture Offa King of Merehes fet them ther. For I have 
iedde that Offa did a notable Aft at S. Peter's in Bath. Or 
els the Chanons cam yn after that the Danes had racid thp. 
Nunry there. 

Eadgar was a great'Doer and Benefa&or to S. Peter's at 
Bath, in whos tyme Monkes were yn Bathe, and fins $ ex- 
cept AlfarusYA of Merck, that was a fcurge of Monkes, ex- 
pellid them for a tyme. 

John a Phifitian, born at Tours yn France, and made Bif* 
(hop ollVelUs, did obteine of Henry the firft to fette his Se 
at Bath', and fo he had the Abbay Landes given onto hym, 
and then he made a Monk Prior ther, deviding the old Pof- 
feffions of the Monaftery with hym. 



* Fouleburyt St. foutburt G. Foulcbour B. 

£ 2 This 



68 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

This John pullid doun the old Chiich of S. Peter at Bath, 

F <*. 39. and cre£ud a new, much fairer, and was buried in the midlr 

1 of the Prcsbyteri thereof, whos Image I faw lying there « an 

p. £ Yere fins, at the which tyme al the Chirch that he made 

lay to waft, and was onrofia, and wedes grew about this. 

John of Tours Sepulchre. 

This John of Tours ereftid a Palace at Bath in the South 
Weft fide of the Monafteri of S, Peter's at Bath, one gret 
* fquare Tour of it with other Ruines yet appcre. 

I faw at the fame tyme a fair great Marble Tumbe ther 
y of a Bisfhops of Bath y out of the wich they fayid that oyle 
did diftille : aiid likely j for his Body was *}baumid plentifully. 

There were t other divers Bisftops buried ther. 

Oliver King Bisfliop of Bath began of late dayes a right 

foodly new Chirch at the Weft Part of the old Chirch of 
. Peter 9 and finifhid a great Peace of it. The refidue of it 
was fyns made by the Priors of * Bathe: and efpeciallv by 
Gibbes the laft Prior ther, that fpent a great fumme of Mony 
on that Fabrike. 

Oliver King let almoft £ al the old Chirch of S. Peter's in 
Bath to go to mine. The walles yet ftande. 

King liadgar was crounid with much joy and honor at S. 
Peter's in Bath\ wherapon he bare a gret Zeale to the 
Towne, and gave very great Fraunchefes and 4 Privilges 
onto it. 

In knowlege wherof they pray in al their Ceremonies for 
the Soule of ICing Eadgar. 

And at Whitfunday-Vfte) at the which tyme men fay that 
Eadgar there was crounid, ther is a King ele£Kd at Bath 
every Yere of the Tounes men in the joyfulle remem- 
braunce of King Edgar and the Privileges gyven to the Toun 
by hym. This King is feftid and his Adherentes by the 
richeft Menne of the Toun. 



* About, fi He began this Itinerary Vol. II. 1542. and *ris 
likely this was written the lame Year. He had been at Bath 
therefore An. 1533. or thereabouts, which was 2 Years before 
he received his Commiflion from the King. It is likely that the 
Image was removed when he was here in 1542. and that might 
make him run 9 Years back y of a Bijhop G. of a Bifhop, oat 
of the which B. } baumid] L. enbaumid. s divers ther G. 
g al the whole Chirch G. 



1 f<jw« a cnbaomid. 3 Bath. 4 Privileges. 

From 



L EL A NETS ITINERARY. 69 

' From Bath to Pahon al by hilly Ground but plentiful of F0U4A. 
Corne and Graffe an eight Miles. 

From Pahon to Cbutcn by like Ground « about a 2. Miles, 

fi There is a goodly new high tourrid Stcple at Chuton" 

From Cbuton to JVtlUs by hilly Ground but leffe fruteful 
partely in Afendepe about a 5. Miles. 

The Toune of Welles is fette yn the Rootes of Mendeft 
Hille in a ftony firile and ful of fpringes, wherof it hath 
the name. The chefeft Spring is caullid Andrei Welles, and 
rifith in a Medow Plot not far above the Eft End of the 
Cathed r al e Chirch, firft renning flat Weft and entering into 
y Cofcumb Water fumwhat by South. 

The Toune of Welles is hrge. I e^eme it to lak litle of 
a 2. Miles in cumpace, al for die moft part buildid of Stone. 
The Streates have ftreamelettes of Springes almoft vn every 
one renning, and occupiyth making of Cloth. Mawdelyne 
was a late a great Clothiar yn Wellys, and fo is now his Sunne. 

The chifeft of the Toun Ivith by Eft and Weft, and fura 
parte caft out with a ftreat by South, in the out part wher- 
of was a Chapelle, as Aim fey, oi Thomas Beket. 

Ther is but one Paroch Chirch in Welles^ but that is large, 
and ftandith in the Weft Part of the Toun : and is dedicate 
to SainA Cuthberte. 

There is an Hofpitale of 24. poore Menne and Wymen 
at the North fide of S. - 1 Cutbberies Chirch. there is a Can- 
tuary Prefte. 

The Hofpitale and the Chapelle is buildid al in lenghth 
under one Roofe from Weft to Eft. Nicolas Bubwith 
Bisfbop of Bath was Founder of this, and brought it almoft to 
i the perfection, and that that lakkid was cotnpletid by 
one jihn St&thwayt, one of the Executors of the Teftament 
of Bubwith. 

There was an other Hofpitale of S. John yn the Town, 
ftonding hard on the Ripe by South ot S. Andreas Streme. 
This Hofpitale was foundid • by . . . . and Hughe Bisfhops. 

Clerk Bisfhop of Bath had a late this Houfe gyven to hym 
by the King for the Lordfliip of Dogmeresfeld. 



* abov a 2. miles G. /B Dcfunt G. y Cofcuns G. I the 
deeft G. • by wr Hughe Bjjbope St. 



1 Cutherttt. 

E 3 There 



7 o LBLAND'S ITINERARY. 

Fol.41. There is a Condud in the Market Place derivid from the 
Bisfhopes Condu& by the Licens of Thomas Bekingtoti Bit 
ihop fumtyme of Bath, for the which the Burgefes ons a 
yere folemply vifite bis Tumbe, and pray for hys fowle. 

There be xij. right exceding fair Houfes al uniforme of 
Stone high and fair windoid.m the North fide of the Man- 
ket Place, joining hard to the North Weft part of the Bif- 
fhop's Palace. This cumly Peace of Work was made by 
Bisfhop Bikjngtorty that myndid, yf he had lyvid lengger, to 
have build jd other jcij. on the South fide of the Mubt Aaede, 
the which Work if he had compliQud it bad tane a * fpeda- 
ble to al Market Places in the Weft Cuntery. 
TMi w«k WyHfam Knight, now Bisfhop of Bath, buildith a Crofie 
b a th™u. in the Marke * Pfece* a ri g h t fumptuus Peace of Workc: in 
gacie of Do. the Extreme Circumference wherof be vij. faire Pillers. and 
aor WoU in another Circumference withyn them be vj. Pillers and yn 
<tfJrJfc^ ne the midle of this Circumference one Piller. al thefe (haul 
'" bere a Volte : and over the Volte (haul be Domus Civica. 
The Area afore the Bis&op's Palace lyith Eft of the Mar- 
ket ftede, apd hath a fair high Waul toward the Market 
#ede, and a right goodly Gate Houfe yn it, made of late by 
Bisfhop Beki ngtun, as it apperith by his Armes. On the 
South fide of this Area is the Bisfhop's Palace dichid brodely 
find waterid about by the Water of S. Andres Streame let into 
it. This Palace ys ftrongely waullid and * embatelid Caftelle 
lyke, and hath in the firft Front a godly Gate Houfe yn the 
jnidle, and at eche ende of the Front a found Towr, and 2. 
other round ^Qwers be * lykelihod yn the Southfide of the 
Palace, and then is ther one at every Corner, The Haul 
of the Palace vs exceding fayre. The Refidew of the Houfe 
is large and fair. Many Bisfhops hath bene the Makers of 
|t 9 as it is now. 

The Chanons of WdUs had there Houfes afore the Tranf- 
lation of the Se to Bath, wher now the Bisihop's Palace is. 
John of Tours firft Bislhop pf Bath put them out. and they 
fyns £ hath (>uildid them a xij. very faire Houfes, partely on 
the North fide of the Cimitpry of the Cathedrale Chirch, 
partely without. Bisfhop Bekington {>uildid the Gate Houfe at 
the Weft Ende of the Cemiterie, 



« fpeftacle St. ScG.fi have G. St. 



I cmbatcld. 2 lykfclyhed. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 71 

« The Decanes Place is on the Northe fide of the 
Cimitery. 

Ther is at the Eft Ende of the Cimitery a Volt and a 
Gate, and a Galery over made by fi Bekinrton. 

From Welles to GUJfenbyri about a 5. Miles from North Fol.42. 
to South Weft. 

Fyrft yn the Toune over S. Andres Water y by S. Jobn\?- <**lra 
aboute a Quarter of a Mile out of Welles I paffid over a litle Brakc# 
Broket, an Arme of S. Andres Water or Welles Water: 
And ther as I paffid over it I faw hard on the lifte Hand a 
Stone Bridge of one Arche. This Anne fhortly after joyn- 
ith i yn the Medowes with the principal Part of Welles 
Water. 

And about half a Mile beyond this Bridg I paffid over 
another Brook caullid Cofcumbe Water a bigger ftreme then 
Welles Water. 

I lernid there, That Welles Water 
metith with Cofcumbe Water on the CofeeumbeBrokt rifith a Mile 
right Hond not far from the Caufey, above Shepton. then tq Shepton^ 
and fo go yn one Botom to the Mere, then to Cofcumb a Mile. Then 

There is a Caftelle on an Hille in to Dultingcote Bridge a 3. 
this Medow about Cofcumb Water, cw- Miles. Then about a Mile dim. 
jus ruin* adhuc apparent^ communely to the Bridges yn the way be* 
caullid Feme-Caftel. tuixt Welles and GUJfenbyri. 

Then a Mile or more of I cam to 
a praty ftreame of Water that at the Stone Bridge that ISgoy 
paffid over cam doun by the lifte Hand : and hard above the Watcr * 
Bridge of one Stone Arche brake ynto 2. Partes, and therby 
I paffid over 2. litle Stone Bridgges. 

Then about half a Mile farther I cam to a few Houfes, 
and fo enterid into a very great playne Medow of a 6. or 7. 
Miles about in Cuoipaqe by Estimation, and fo paffid about 
a Mile farther by a Caufey onto ffartelake ' Bridge o one 
Arche of Stone. 

As much of this playne Medow or More as is Wefte <?f 
this Caufey cis pontem de Hertlak is caullid Cranelmore. 

That Part that lyith by Eft of it, is caullid Seggemore. 

« The Arebaacons Place St. £ Bijbopp Bekington G. y by S. 
John'/ HtfpitaU. About a quarter, &c. G. beginning a new §. 
t jn decft G. 

t Bridg. 

E4 Th* 



72 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Water of Sowey cummith thorough this Bridge of 
Stone, and rifith in the Rootes of AfenJepe-HiMe by Eft at 
Doulting Village owte of a Welle bering die Name of S. 
Aldtlm. 

A Mile by Eft or ever this Streame cum tt HarteM Bridg 
ther is an Arme caft out by force out of Sewey Water, and 
a Marfch Walle made by Meimys Policy betwixt this Arme 
fbrcid out and the principale Streame of Sowey, and this 
Waulle continuith to Hartelak Bridge, « and Mile lower : and 
then booth go foohe after into the Mere, if this Marfch 
**• 43* Waulle were not kept, and the £ cabales of eche partes of 
Svtvey River kept from Abundance of y Wedes, al the plaine 
Marfch Ground at fodaine Raynes wold be overflowen, and 
theprofite of the Meade loft. 

From Harktliy Bridg I paffid by a litle Bridge over the 
Arme of Sowey. 

As much of this More or Medow Ground that lykh 
beyond Hartelate Bridge by Weft South Weft is caulltd 
Gteffenbyri-Matc. 

From Hartlah Bridg I paffid by a low about a Quar- 
ter of a Mile; and then I confcendid by a litle and a title to 
Hilly Ground a hole Miles ryding, and ft) efiterid into 
Gleflenbyri. 

The chief ftreate and longgeft of the Towfte of Glef- 
fenbyri lyith by Eft and Wefte. and at the Market Croiie 
in the Weft Ende there is a ftreate by flat South and 
almoft Northe. 

There is a Market kept in Gleffenhyry every Weke on the 
•Wenfday. 

Ther be i. Paroche Chirchis yti GMinbyru S. %i« Bop- 
ttfte on the North fide of the principal Streat of the Toune, 
This is a vary fair and lightfum Chirch : and the Eft Part of 
it is very elegant and tiled. 

The Body of the Chirch hath . , . . Arches on eche fide. 
The Qyier nath 3, Arches on eche fide. 

The Quadrate Toqr for Belles at the Weft End of the 
Chirch is very high and fair. 

Ther lyith on the North fide of die Qvjer one Richard 
Atwell that died circa annum D. 1472. This AtwtUt did 



m and a mile lower St. & G. fi canales in G. fed cabales m 
St. Sic in Autograpbo. vtcem banc ity\fit B. For/an fcribi de- 
bt canities, y #Vtf G* 

much 



LELANiyS ITINERARY. ft 

fhitch coft m this Chirch* and gave Air Holding that he 
had buildid in the Tonne onto it. « In LatUn called ad 
fnntem • 

* Johanna Wife to AtweHe hith burled in a lyke marble 
Tnmbe on the South fide, of the Quier. 

Ther lyith one Garnet a Ge&tilm&h in a fair Tumbe in 
the South part of the Trdnfot of the Chirch. 

Briwetun River cumraith from Briwetun x. Miles of to die Fol. 44. 
Weft Part of the Touh of Glijfenbyri, aiid fo rennith to the 
Mere a 2. Miles lower. 

Or ever this River cum to Gkffenbyri by a Mile it cummitb 
to a Bridge of Stone of a 4. Arches coiAmunelv caullid Pont- F*upm- 
perlus y wher men fable that Arturt caft in his swerd. cuU(m. 

The River brekith at this Bridge ynto a. Partes, wherof 
theprincipalle goith to GUJpnbyri. 

The other goith thoroug low MorifchGrounde,and metith 
again with the principal ftreame or ever that it goith into 
the Mere. 

The Mere is as at high Waters in Winter a 4. Miles in Fanner. 
Cumpace, and when it is left a 2. Miles and an half, and 
moft communely 3. Miles. 

This Lak or Mere is a good Mile yn leftght : and at the 
Ende of it toward Weft it cummith again in aheum. and 
going about a Mile it brekith ynto 2. Armes, wherof 
the one goith to Higbe-Bridge, the other to Rookes-Bridge, and 
fo the Armes goith a fundre to the by Crekes. 

From Wettjs by South to Doultingcvte Bridge of Stone, 
under the whiche Gofcnmbe Water rennith about a Mile 
al by very ille rokky way. 

Them I pallid about a Mile more by lyke Ground, and 
this far I faw fum ftore of Ehne wood. 

Thens $ up onto piayne open Dowries by a ftony foile 
a 3. good Miles, and then a Myle by low Pafture Ground 
onto y * £v/r^Vd&-VUkge, wher Clerk laft Bisihop of Bathe 
had a Maner Place, t in wtes tyme it was * a minus 
Thing, clene in a maner taken doun* 



m F$ces ift* 9 eues penitus $mifit B. in Autegrapbo leguntur % 
fed adjedt pumus part* rrtenthr : at nempe quid Atwelle Hngua 
Latina denetat indicant . js uf en deeft G. y Leg. Bvenbrub. 
t Leg. in whs tyme it war, as * minus fb$ng % clene &c. 

s Ertrcbrica, mi nunw« 

Thens 



74 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Thens to Golafre Bridge of Stone, under the wich rennrth 
Fol. 45. a Broke rifing a 3. Miles of by North Eft, and about a Mile 
lower goith ynto 2WuY-Ryver. The very Place of the C«r- 
fiuentia is a 2. Miles byneth Bruton. 

Milton Village * a litle above Golafre Bridge, wherof the 
Water at Gokrfrt-Bn&gz of Aim is caullid Mybon-Water. 
There is about this Bridge and Milton meately plenty of 
Wood. 

From Milton to Briwetun about a Mile dim. 

Briwetun as I cam from North Weft into it by South lyith 
al a this fide Brywe Ry ver. There is a ftreat yn it from 
North to South, and another far fairer then that from Eft 
to Weft. 

The Toun is now much occupied with making of Clothe, 

The Paroche Chirch and thabbay by it ftande beyond the 
Ryver, hard over the Eft Bridge in Bruton. This Bridge 
is of 3. Archys of Stone. 

Ther is in the Market Place of the Toun a new Croffe 
of 6. Arches, and a piller yn the midle for Market fblkes to 
ftande yn, begon and brought up to fornix by Ely & lafte Ab- 
bate of Brutun. The Abbay ther was afore the Conquefte 
a Place of Monkes fbundid by Algarus> Erie of Corntwal. 
Moion fet Chanons there fins the Conqueft, and divers of the 
Moions were buried there. One Hylliam Gilbert of late 
Tyme beyng Prior of Brutun went to Rome, and there pro- 
curid firft that the Name of the Priory of Brutun might be 
chaungid ynto an Abbay. This Gilbert beyng "Abbate did 
great Con in the y Aobay i Bruton in Building, almofte 
1 reedifying it. 

The Toun of Britveton to the Marquet Croffe ftandith 
yn Selwod. 

And fo doth the Abbay on the other Ripe of the Ryver. 

The Ryver of Bri we rifith in. Selwod at a place caullid 
Briwebam a 3. Miles by • from Brutun. 

About this Quarter wher Brkve rifith, that is to fay with- 
yn a 2. or 3. Miles ther about, rifith Stour and Wilugb. 



* Village is G. fi late for lafie in G. y Abbay ^Bruton G. 
i Lege of Bruton. s by Nortbefrom Brutun St. 



1 reedifiyng. 

The 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 75 

The Mere a Market Toun is about an eight Milys from 
Briwetun, 

Goyng out of the Toun of Briwetun I paffid over a Stone 
Bridge of 3, Arches at the Weft South Weft end of the 
Toun, aui ther cam a Broket from Northeft ynto Briwe* 

m There is, as I hard, a Bridge of Stone on Briwe a 5. 
Miles lower then Briwetun caiJlid Lideforde, and a £ 2. 
Miles lower Ponteperilus" 

Cajiclle Gary 2. Miles from Briweton. 

I rode from the Bridg up a Stony Hille to a very fair and Ft!. 46. 
frutefiil Champain, and fo paffid forth a v. Miles by litle 
Woode. at the 4. Miles ende of this way I paffid over a 
Broke by a Stone Bridge, and fo cam ftrayt to North-Cad- 
kyri a Village, and about a Mile-y farther to Soutb-Cadbyri, 
and ther a litle beyond be great Creftes of fjylles. 

Thfe Water of Cadbyri rifith from 2. Heddes. Firft or 
I cam to Cadbyri by half a Mile or ther about I paffid over 

a Broket that rifith in Mr. Fitzjames Park at 

out of a Ponde, and goith into or metith with Cadbyri 
water about half a Mile lower then the Bridge that was 
paffid oyer to Cadbyry. 

The other rifith a 3. Milys above North-Cadbyri by 
North Eft. Cadbyri Water goith from North-Cadbyri to 
a Bridge a Mile Weft from Soutb-Cadbyri 9 having then 
with hvm in one botom the other Streame. and about a v. 
Miles lower withyn a Quarter of a Mile to Ikheftre it metith 
with Ivel Ryver, 

At the very South Ende of the Chirch of South-Cadbyri 
ftandith Camallate y fumtyme a famofc Toun or Caftelle,* CATH 
apon a very Torre or Hille, wunderfully enftrengthenid jjj^jj^ 
of nature, to the which be 2. Enteringes up by very t ftepe lingua BrU 
way : one by North Eft, and another by South Weft. tamuca" 

The very Roote of the Hille whftron this Forteres ftode 
is more then a Mile in.Cumpace, 

In the upper Parte of the £ Coppe of the Hille be 4. 
Diches or Trenches, and a balky Waulle of Yerth be* 
twixt every one of them. In the very Toppe of the 
Jlille above al the Trenchis is magna area or campus of 
a 20. Acres or more by Eftimation, wheryn dyverfe rJacps 



« This § is in the Margin of the Orig. j9 three G. yfarre 
[I* farther] thence G. f Defunt G. % ftepe toayes G. ? Sic in 
Jutograpbo. Toppc in ?t . 

men 



76 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

men may fe Fundations and ruder* of Wallas. There was 
much dusky blew ftone that People of the Villages therby 
hath caryid away. 

This Top withyn the upper Wauik is jar. Acres of Ground 
and more, and hath bene often ptewid and borne very 
good Corne. 

Much Gold, Sylver and Coper of the Rmaine Coynes 

hath be found ther yn plouing : and lykewife in the Feldes 

in the Rootes of this Hille, with many other antique Ththges 

and m efpecial by Efte. Ther was found in bominum meimria 

Fol. 47. a Horfe Shoe of Sylver at Camallatk. 

The People can telle nothing ther but that they have hard 
lay that Jrtwre much refortid to Camalat. 

The old Lord Hunrrefard was owner of this GamaUat. 
Now Hajhnges y the Erie of Huntendune, by his Mother. 

Diverfe Villages there about here the Name of Camalat 
by an Addition, as x &uene-Cama/at 9 and j* other. 

The Hylic and the Dtches kepe well now viij. Shepe. 

Al the Ground by South Weft, and Weft of Camalat lykh 
in a Vale, fo that one or 2. wayes it may be fene far of. 

From CamaUat to Shirburm a 3. Miles al by champayne 
but fruteful Ground. 

Mr. Gilbert a Gentilman hath a poore Manfion Place 

by South Eft of the very y Rottes of CamaUat. 

Shirk™ The Town of Shirburm ftondith * partely on the Brow of 

cauiua in an Hille, partely in a Botom. H efteme it to lak lide of 

MdnoL a 2# ^ ilcs in Cumpace. it ftondith partdy by making of 

cUrutfrfu. Clothe, but raoft by al maner of Craftes: and for a dry 

Toun or other, faving Pole that is a litle • think, I take tt 

to be the beft Toun at this { prefent Tyme yn Dtffetftdr. 

The Bisihops of Sarum Sete was a long Tyme at Shirburm. 

Syns Monkes were let ther far Chations. 

The Body of the Abhay Chirch dedicate to our Lady 
fervid ontille a hunderith Yercs fynsibr the chife Parochc 
Chirch of the Town. 

« efpedelly St. & G. fi fibers G. y rcete G. 11 efteme it 
to lak litle ofai. miles in Ctempate.] 7. Ed. 6. The Compafe of 
Sherborne is nere four miles, and the Procdfion Grownd about 
1 3. miles. The Town is above a mile long every way. Nttam 
banc e fcbedula cujujdam amid ernditi defcripfi. % thing G. Lege 
thing. £ prtfent deed G. 

1 Qucnc-CamaJlat. % portly. 

This 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 77 

This was the Caufc of the Abolition of the Paroch Chirch 
there. The Monkes and the Tounes-Men felle at variaunce, 
bycaufe the Tounes-Men tooke privilege to ufe the Sacra- 
ment of ' Baptifine in the Chapelle of jfl-Haktves. Wher- 
apon one Waher Galkr, a ftoute Bocher, dwelling yn Shir- 
bum 9 defacid dene the *Font-ftone, and after the variaunce 
growing to a plague feditioa, and the Townes-Menne by the 
«Mene of an Erie of Huntendune y lying yn thofe Quarters, Fal.41. 
and taking the Townes-Mennes Part, and the Bisfliop of Sa~ 
resbyri the Monkes Part, a Prefte of 3 AUHalmms (hot a Shaft 
with fier into the Toppe of that Part of S. fi Marye Chirch 
that devidid the Eft Part that the Monkes ufid y from the 
Townes-Men ufid: and this. Partition chauncing at that 
tyme to be thakkid yn the Rofe was fette a fier, and con- 
sequently al the hole I Chirch, theLede and Belles mcltid, 
was defacid. 

Then Bradford Abbate of Shirburn % perfecutid this Injurie. 
and the Tounes-Mcnne were forcid to contribute to the 
Recdifiyngof this Chirch. 

But after thys tyme Al Halowes Chirch and not S. Maryes 
was ufid for the Paroche Chirch. 

At the Eft Parte of S. Mary Chirch was reedified yn Abbate 
Bardeferdes tyme, faving a Chapelle of our Ladv an old 
Pfcace of Work that the Fier came not to, by reaion that it 
was of an older Building. 

There were of auncient tyme buried 2. Kinges, Sunnes 
to Etbehvotpbe King of Weft-Saxons, yn a Place behynd the 
High Altare of S. A&rii Chirch ; but ther now be no Tumbes 
nor no Writing of them fcene. 

A Noble Man caullid Philip Fitz Payne was buryed and 
his Wife wkh hym under an Arch on the North fide of the 
Presbyterie. This Tumbe was of late defacid. 

Piter Ramefimne next Abbate faving one to Bradefbrd 
boildid ajundamentis al the Weft Part of S. Marie Chirch. 

The Porche of the South fide of the Body of S. Mary 
Chirch ys an antique Peace of Work, and was not defacid 



m mams St. ScG.fi Manes St. & G. yfrem that tbi G. 
lege am B. from that the. i Cburcb (tbt Ltadt and Bells melt- 
utgj <wos defaced G. • frefiewtyd St. Sc G. Profccuted B. 



l Bapria* , * Foato-fant 3 al~hawfoit» 

with 



78 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

with Fier, bycaufe it ftoode with a far lower Rofe then thtf 
Body of the Chirch did. 

The Cloyfter of thabbay on the North fide of the Chirch 
was buildid by one Abbate Frithe. This Abbate was not 
very long afore Brade/ordes Tyme. 

Myer the laft Abbate of Shirburn faving one made the 
fair Caftel over the Condud in the Cloifter and the Spoutes 
of it. 

The Hedde of this Water is in a Peace of the Toune, and 
is caullid New Welle. 

The Chapitre Houfe is ancient, and vn the Volte of it be 
payntid the Images of Bisfliops that had tneir Sete at Shirburn. 
F0L49. One S. John a Noble Man lyith yn the Chapitre Houfe. 

Ramefunne Abbate fette a Chaoelle caullid our Lady of Bow 
hard to the ' South fide of the old Lady Chapelle. 

Ther is an old Arch of a Gate at the Eft South Eft Ende 
of S. Mary Chirch, as a token that of old Tyme the Clofe 
of Chanons or Monkes was enwallid about. 

Ther was of old Tyme a Paroche Chirch titulo S. Erne** 
Emereit'a- nntian* now feullen clene downe. It ftode in the North 
■*• fide of the Toun wher now is a Clofe. 

There was a Chapelle of S. Michael yn die Toun now 
clene doun. 

Ther was a Chapelle of Thomas Bekkei on the Grene in 
Shirburn. it ftondith but incelebratid. 

There was an Heremitage of S, John by the Mylle, now 
down. 

Ther was an Hofpital begon by devotion of good People 
yn Shirburn an°.±.Henrici 6. and the King is taken for Founder 
of it. It ftondith yet. 

Ther is a Chapelle in S. Marye Chirch « Yard, one Dogget 
a Chanon of Saresbyri made it of late dayes. 

The Bisfhop of oaresbyri is Lord of the Town ofShirburne. 

Shirburn ftondith on the Northfide of the Broke that cum- 
roith by it. 

The Caftelle of Sbirburne is in the Eft End of the Toun 
apon a Rokky Hillet. it hath by Weft North Weft, and by 
Eft South Eft, Morifch Grounde. 



«r*fWdeeftG. 
1 Southe, ' 



Rogerus 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 79 

Rogerus le Poure 9 Bisfhop of Saresbyri in Henry the firft 
Tyme, « buildid this Caftelie, and caft a great Dike without 
it, and made a falfc Mure without the Dike. 



* buildid this Cafte/Ie,] But there had been a Caftle long be- 
fore this time at Siirburne, as I gather from a very old book of 
Charters made by divers Kings and other Illuftrious Perfonages 
to Sbirbume Abbey. I fuppofe therefore that Roger Powre built 
his Caftle on the fame Ground, on which the former Caftle had 
been erfe&ed, and perhaps there were at that time abundance of 
Ruins remaining of the old Caftle, which might be made uie 
of upon this occafion. As for the faid Book of Charters, it is 
a very valuable MS. and it does not feem to me to have been 
ever leen, at leaft not made ufe of, either by Mr. Lelaud, Mr. 
DedJwortJb f Sir William Dugdale, or by any of our eminent An- 
tiquaries that have written of our Religious Houfes. From this 
Book it is manifeft that tho' Roger Poure, Bifhop of Sarwn, was 
a great Benefactor to the Abbey, yet that it had been built long 
before by Wlfin Bifhop of Sbiriurn, namely in the Year 998. at 
which time King AZtbelred gave him leave to change the Secular 
Canons here into Benedi&ine Monks, which accordingly he 
forthwith did, and built another Monaftery, which was after- 
wards inriched with a very confiderable quantity of Lands, all 
which were confirmed by Pope Eugene the III. in the Year 1 145. 
being the XI th . Year of King Stephen 9 % Reign. The faid Bifhop 
Wlfin is call'd Wtlffinus by Malmsbury ♦, Wlfjtm by Leland\ % 
and Wtdffinus by Godwin J, and others ; but in this Godwin is 
to be corrected that he makes' him to have dyed in the Year 958. 
whereas it is very probable that he did not enter upon his Bi~ 
fhoprick 'till fome Years after that time, fince, according to this 
Charter, he muft have been living in the Year 998. 'T would 
be a good piece of Service to Learning to have all the Charters 
of this venerable old MS. (which belongs to a very skillful An- 
tiquary, and was procured for my ufe by a very worthy and 
learned Friend, to whom I am alfo highly indebted upon other 
Accounts) printed and publifh'd ; but this is an Undertaking 
not agreeable to my prefent Defign, nor confident with the Li- 
mit* allow'd me. For which reafon 'twill be fufficient to give 
only the firft two Charters, (one of which is King JEtbelred'* 
and the other Bifhop Wlfin y %) and the laft, (which contains Pope 
Eugene's Confirmation, and mentions the Lands that had been 
granted before) adding withal an Exftralt out of Domefday 
Book (for fo I take it to be, tho' it be not fpecify'd as fuch) 

* De Otitis Pont. Ajigl, p. 248. f Coll T. I. p. 395. J De Pmful. p. 3S61 

which 



to LELAND'S ITINERARY. 



which I have alfo found in the fidd MS. and is written in the fame 
Hand with the Charter* them&lves. 

[Charta iEthelredi regis, qua licentiam coacedit epifcepo 
Wlfino ordinandi & infUtuendi monachos Benedi&inbs 
in ccenobio Scirebornenfis ecclefiae .* qua etiam ccenobii 
rus aonotavit] 

Anno ab % incamationis dominie* dcccc. nonagefimo ocJauo, 
ego MthelreduSy totius Albionis dei gubemanU moder amine ba- 
JueuSy fuadente archiepifcopo JElfrxco cum eonjilio. meorum epif- 
coporum ac principum, feu nobilium 9 michique fidelium affijlcn- 
tium> annui epifeppo fFlfino ordinate monachica conperjationis 
normam y cafiamque vitam & deo amabilem fecundum inflitu- 
tionem fancli patris Benedict in carnobio Scireburnenfis eccUfia^ 
ea ratione videlicet ut quifquis fucceffor ei adveneritjfwe pius five 
crudeUs* non habeat facultatem male tr attar e res monacborum^ 
fit pa/lor non tiranuus, gubemet ad fratrum uiilitatem fecundum 
pafioralem aucloritatem 9 non ad ktptnam rapacitatem 9 pajcatfuos 
& fe fequenteSj habeat ipfefolus viclum inter fratres, ficutferi- 
ptum efi : principem populorum tc conftitui. efto in illis quafi 
itnus ex illis. Regat ipfe juxta animarum & corperum utili- 
totem fubfiantiam mono/terU, ita duntaxat ut fratrum confilio 
non JH ignetum quicquid agatur. Et fi ferte^ quod abfit, eve- 
nerit ut taftor & grex * dijcerdantur f femper ad examen or- 
ebiepifcopt refervetur 9 (ft ipje regi intimet ut jufta eorreoJio fe- 
quatur. Et quia mos mimme afud not confentit ut in epifcopaS 
fede abbas confiituatur, fiat ipfe epifcopus eis abbas & pater ', 
& iffi fratres obedientes ei Ant ficuti fiMi & monachi cum ea- 
fiitate & humilitate & fubj eft tone fecundum difciplinam aim* 
patris nofiri BeneditJiy ut una bravium *tern* corona accipere 
mereantur. Et quoniam, ficut ait apoflolus y nos fumus in 
quos fines feculorum devencrunt, & multiplicato jam genere 
bumano, adeo * ut perf lures f grf inopiet runs non babentes 
ubi vel arando 9 vel fbdiendo t agricuhuram exercenUs viclum 
adipi/cantur, iufuper & crefcente pbilargiria non nullorum ut 
qmfque rapiat fibi quod potuorit, optimum duxerunt priores no- 
fir i ut omnis lis termintbus certis adnuUetuTj ideoque territoria 
caufa concord* a affuefcere nuper inter mundanos ccepere, ut por- 

t F « iftcamatime domimca, • Malim, difctrdentur* f Sic in MS. An^r*- 

tiontm 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY* 81 



tionem qui/que propria telluris libere * excolet. Quorum ego 
exempla imitatus rus pradidfi cctnobii bac cartula annotari cen- 
feo. Hoc eft in ipfa Scireburna centum agelli in loco qui dicitur 
Stocking 6f tradium monafterii ficut Wlfinus epifcopus foffis 
fapibufque girare curavit $ delude novem caffatos in loco qui 
ab incolis Holancumb nuncupatur. item in Halganfloke xv. in 
Thorford vii. in Bradanfordx. in Wonbuma v. in IVeJlun vliu 
in Stapulbreicge XX. in Wulfheardigftoke x. in Cumbtun vni. 
in Ofanftoke II. & majfam unam juxta ripam maris qua: dici- 
tur Mtlim. Et quicquid deus his auxerit ex dents fide Hum con- 
tinue fecuritate fcr jugi libertate poffideant fratres inibi degentes, 
tribus except is ^ qua omnibus communicata funt, fci licet expedi- 
tion*) pontis arcijve reftauratione. tamen nulli debitor e s ftnt in 
rogi conftrudione, eo quod monafterium hoc opus indigere novi- 
mus. Si forte, quod abfit, banc noftram donationem quifpiam 
annullare temptaverit, & ad libitus proprios deficfiere 9 fciat ft 
aquiffimo judici rationem redditurum, clangente tuba archangelt 
extremo examine, ubi omnis a quit as & juftitia Cbrifto judicante 
cunclis manifeftabitur. Ego Mthelredus rex Anglorum banc 
libertatem comedo fcpediclo monafterio fub epifcopo quemcunqut 
elegerit femper regendo, & fignaculo fanclje crucis >Jf banc 
munificentiam conjigno coram bis te/fibus. Ego /El/ricus arcbi- 
epifcopus hec dmum data micbi benedittione firmavi. Ego Eal- 
dulf archiepifcopus Hbens favi at que confenft. Ego fvlftanus 
ept/copui bec Idem ajfirmevi. Ego Mlpheagus epifcopus conjenfum 
prabut. Ego tVlfmus epifcopus hoc meum dejtderium ad perfe- 
Hum ufqut ptrdtixi. Ego mlfwinus epifcopus bilari mente con- 
cejfi. Ego jEihrftvard dux gratanter corroboravi. Ego Mlfric 
dux eonfentaneus fui. Ego JEljfige abbas. Ego Wlfgar abbas. 
Ego Leofric abbas. Ego Godwine abbas. Ego /Ethelmar mi- 
nifier. Or dulf minifter. Wulf get minifier. Bribtmar mini- 
fter. Leowine minifter. Bribtric minifter. Wulfnotb minifier. 
[Charta Wlfini cpifcopi pro conftitutione & ordinatione 

fapientum monachorum in matre ecclefiarum San&ae 

Mariae Scireburniae.] 

In nomine domini. Ego Wlfinus gratia del epifcopus conftituo 
& or dine fapientes monachos in matre ecclefiarum Sanclx Ma- • 
ria Scireburnia jufiju bf confUio regis jEtbetredi, & hortatu 
J£lfrici arcbiprafulis # omnium epifcoporum> V confenfu prin- 

• F. ixecbt. 

Vol. 2. F cipum 



82 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 



iipum totius Angli* extulfis clericis. Trade etiam eis territoria 
& pojfejjumes quas babuerunt ab initio qui fanHo loco defer- 
vierunt ad gloriam li laudem dei, if ad bonorem if reve- 
rent iam antecejforum if fuccefforum meorum, (f unum cajjatum 
in ipja villa, if omnem decimam epijeopii ejufdem vtlLe in 
omnibus rebus, if decimum agrum in Ma villa in decimam, if 
xxiiii. carucarum onera dejiha per omnes aunos. Statu* eis 
ad remedium anim* me* if regum if pontijlcum & prindpum 
if tcclejias if terras liberal a regali exaclione if a tributis in 
omni civitate if mercatu. Si quis b*c permutare voluerit ex- 
communico eum a regno ^ dei. Data Lundoni* Indxclione XI. 
pr*fente rege coram omni concilio. • 

Confirmatio terrarum Mon. Scireb. 
Eugenius epi/copus fervus fervorum Dei, diledis JiSis mona- 
chis monafierii Sancl* Maria Scireburni* tarn pr*fentibus quam 
futuris regular em vitam profejjis in perpetuum. tyuoniam fine 
ver* cuhu religionis nee karitatis unitas potefl fubjtflere, nee deo 
gratum exbiberi fervitium, expedit apofiohc* auBoritati reli- 
giofas perfonas dsligere, if earum ou'teti auxiSante domino tro- 
videre. Ea propter dilecli in domino filii vejlris jufiis pqfiula- 
tionibus clementer annuimus, if pr*fatum beat* dei genitricis 
femperque virginis Mori* monafierium, in quo divine mancipati 
eftis obfequio, fub beati Petri if nofira protedione fufcipimus, 
& pr*fentis jcripti privilegio commftnimus, flatuentes ut f**[- 
cunque pojfejfiones, qu*cunque bona in pr*fentiarum jujte tf 
canonice pojftdetis, aut in futurum concefjUne Untijicum, libe- 
ralitate regum, largitione prindpum, oblatione jldelium, feu aSis 
jufiis modis pr*fiante domino poteritis adipifci, firma vobis ve- 
Jlrifque fuccejforibus if illibata permaneant. In quibus b*c pro- 
prtis duximus exprimenda vocabulis^ Monafierium ipjum bea- 
t<e Maria cum pojfejjionibus, terris, reddttibus, libertatibus i 
reribus Angli* if epijeopis Saresberi* rationabiUter concejfis, if 
aids omnibus pertinent its Juts. Ecclefiam de Stapelbrige cum de- 
eimis, if aliis pertinent its fuis. Ecclefiam de Hortona cum ca 
pettis de Cnokun, if de Cbi/elberi, cum pertinent its fuis. Capel- 
lam de IFoborn. Ecclefiam Sand* Mori* Magdalen* juxta ca- 
Jlellum cum duabus capeUis if appendiciisjjds. Ecclefiam Sancli 
Andre* in Scireburna cum omnibus pertinentiis Juts. Ecclefiam 
de Bradeford cum capellis if aliis apfenditiis fuis. Ecclefiam 
de HagaMona cum omnibus appendstiis fuis. Ecclefiam de 
Corifcumba cum appenditiis fuis. Ecclefiam do Stoca eum ca* 
fella if omnibus appendiciis Jitis. Ecclefiam 4$ Lim am appen- 



LELAND'S ITINERARY* S3 



<£tiisfuis. Ecclefiam it Fleote cum cabella if pertinentiis fuis. 
Ecclefiam de Litleham cum appenditiis fuis. Ecclefiam de Cbarf- 
tuella cum dicimis if aliis pertinentiis fuis. Ecclefiam de Cad" 
welt cum capelltSy terrisy aecimisy if aliis pertinentiis fuss. Vil- 
lam qua dicitur Stapelbrigge. Weftonay cum omnibus pertinen- 
tiis fuis. Woburnay Tornefirdy Bradefordy Wicoy Hlofcum 
cum omnibus pertinentiis fuis. Cumtona if fuperior Cumtona^ 
if parva Cumtona cum pertinentiis fuis. Propefchirche if Stoc- 
landy cum fihis if pratisy if cum duobus moundinis. Vicum 
qui eft ante monafterium Sancla Maria Scireburnia ufque -ad 
ecclefiam Sancli Andrea extenfus. Molendinum unumjuxta mo- 
nafterium veftrum. Decimam de Bradeford. Decimam de Vi- 
ca. Decimam de JVoburna. Tres domes cenfuales in vicis Set- 
rehumta cum aliis domibus ad eafdem pertinentibus. Molendi- 
num juxta ecclefiam Sancli Andrea, Domos veftras cenfuales 
circa atrium monqfterii cum pomeriis if appenditiis aliis. Villam 
qua dicitur • Hortonam cum pertinentiis fuis, Chingeftonam 
cum pertinentiis fuis. Halgaftocamy if Nithereftocamy if Curn- 
dunamy 'cum omnibus pertinentiis fuis. Corifcumam cum perti- 
nentiis fuis. Stocam Bromlegamy Laurecheftocam cum omnibus 
pertinentiis fuis. Fleotam cum appendiciis fuis. Beram 9 Seto- 
nam cum falinis if aliis pertinentiis fuis. Pifcarlas de Fleota t 
if de Beray if de Setona. Litleham cum pifcariisy pratisy ne- 
moribus if aliis adjacentiis fuis. CarfewiUam cum pertinentiis 
fuis. Bromlegam cum adjacentiis fuis. Lim cum pifcariis if 
aliis appendiciis fuis. Duos manfos in Mtlehurma. XJnum 
manfum in Ciuleceftria. Omnes domos veftras cenfuales quas ba- 
betts in burgo Warham cum capella Sancli Andrea. Decimas 
de vinea qua eft juxta cqfteUum. Decimas anguillarum de viva- 
riis. Contra omnes feftivitates Sancla Maria per integrum 
diem pifcationes in vtvariis Sciteburnia. Fenum trium carro- 
rum in Bera fingulis amsis. Unam carratamfeni annuatim de 
dominio epifcopi. Sepulturam quoque ipfius loci liberam effe de- 
cernimuSy ut eerumy qui fe illic fepeliri deliberaverinty devotioni 
if extrenue voluntatis nifi forte excommunicati ftnty nullus oh- 
ftftaty faha juftitia matricts ecclefia. Obeunte vero ejufdem 
loci abbatOy velfuorum quolibet fuccefforum y nullus ibi qualibet 
Jubreptionis aftutiafeu violentia praponatury nifi quern communs 
eenfenfu vel fratrum pars confitii fanioris fecundum dei timorem 
if beat! Benedidi reguhm providerint eligendum. Decernimus 

• F. Hcrtmd. 

F 2 erg$ 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 



ergo fifr. Dot* trans Tiberim per manum Roberts fanihe Ro- 
man* ecclejia trosbiteri cardinalis ff cancellarii Non. Febr. 
Indiclione ix. Incamationis dominie* anna MCXLV. pontificatus 
vero domini Eugenii Pap* III. anno prima. 
[E Libro Magno cenfuali (ut videtur) vulgo SDOOItttJJ' 
EDflp*] Epifcopus Saresberia tenet Scirebumiam. 

Eadgitha regina tenuity &f ante earn Alfwoldus epifcopus. 
Tempore regis Eadwardi geldavit pro xliii. hidis. Terra eft 
xlvi. car. De hac terra tenet epifcopus xn. hi das, W ibi habet 
xxv. vi llanos , fcf xmi. bordarios cum xn. car. Ibi c. y xxx. 
acra prati. De quibus in. acra funt in Sumerfate juxta Afyle- 
burne. Paftura I. leuva long. & I. lat. Silva n. fcov. Zmtj. 
& tantundem lat. De eadem terra hujus manerii tenet de 
epifcopo Otbold mi. hidas, Smoth vero v. hidas V dimid. In- 
gelbertus v. hidas, Waleran. III. hidas, Radulfus in. £/dSffx. 
Uxor Hugonis Grip. II. £/<£h. In his xxn.^hidis bfaJmid. 
funt xxi. car. & xxxm. villaniy & xv. bordarii, & x. cot- 
fcezy & nil. yirw. Ibi im. mi/xmi reddunt xvm. yi/M?j £jT 
<ftW</. Z>* *fc&m rfurm tor* fr»*/i/ vi. 7i/W vm. hidas & di- 
mid. t£ ibi habent vill. car. fcf nil. fervosy & xvil. villanos, 
& xix. bordarios, & in. mtf/mtf reddunt xxx. denarios. In 
hoc manerio Scireburne pr&ter fupradiclam terram habet epif- 
copus in dominio xvi. carucatas terra. Hac terra nunquam 
per hidas fuit divifa, neque * geldatum. Ibi funt in domi- 
nio v. car. £sf xxvi. villani, & xxvi. bordariiy fcf vm, 
jffrw am? xi. carucis. Ibi molendinum reddit x. folidos. De 
hac quieta terra tenet Sinod de epifcopo i. carucatam terra, & 
Bdwardus aliam. Ibi funt II. carUca 9 & n. ferviy tf viu, 
bordarii. 

In hac eadem Scireburne tenent monachi ejufdem etifcopi IX. 
carucatas terra & dimid. qua nee per hidas divifa fuerunty 
nee umquam geldaverunt. Ibi funt in dominio in. carucata 
if dimid. fcf im. Jervi, & x. villani, 6f x. bordarii cum 
v. carucis. fcf ill. mplina reddunt xxn. folidos, + &f &f 
xx. acra prati. Silva i. leuva long, fcf nil. quarentenis 
lat. De hac terra monachorum tenet Lambertus de eis I. ca- 
rucjtam terra, &f iW habet i. carucam, 6f molinum reddit 
v. folidos. Quod habet epifcopus in dominio in hoc manerio 
valet L. libras. Quod monachi VI. libras V x. folidos. Quod 
milites epifcopi xx vi i. libras. Quod Taint VI. libras. Super 

• Sic. f &*• 

hac 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. *$ 



bare tenet Sinod A epifcopo r. bidnm in eadem villa f if ibi babet 
1. came em i if li.fervos, if xi. bordarios. Valet xu. folidos. 
Hone bidam tenuit Ahoardus it rege Edwardo, fed tamen priksfue • 
rat de epifcopatu. 

Idem epifcopus tenet Wooburne. f T. R. E. geldabat pro. 
r. bidis. Terra eft mi. ear. De ea/unt in dominio n. bid*, if 
ibi I. r*)r. if u. yfrro/\ fcf vi. villani, if v, bordarii, cum nr.. 
«r. Ibi v 11 1. aerar prati $ if uu, acrar Jslvar minuter. Valet 
mi. 7/4w. 

/df» epifcopus tenet Torneford. T. R. E. geldabat pro vn. 
4/V/j. 7>rrj ^ vi. wr. /)* m funt in dominie m. 4/V<?, if 
ibifnnt n. <-<ar. «r« i. fervo, if v\\. viUani, if vn. bordarii 9 
eum mi. **r. 73/ molinum reddit xu. fol. if vi. </«r. 70* 
xvi- acr or prati. Silva x. quarent. long, if 1. querent, let. 
Valet c.fol. 

Idem epifcopus tenet BrAdeford. T. R. E. geldabat pro x. bi- 
dis. Terra eft x. car. De ea eft in dminio i. bida, if dimid. if 
ibi in. ear. if vn. fervi 9 if vin. villani 9 if vn. bord. eum 
vui. f'r. Ibi molinum reddit xv. /*/. if xx. acne f rati 9 if uu 
eera fihar minuter. Valet x. libras. 

Idem epifcopus tenet Cvmtvne. T. R. E. geld, pro vi. bidis, 
if i. virg. terra. Terra eft vm. f*r. 2)/ /* eft in dominio i. 
Mb, Will, virgatat terror, if ibi ii. «r. &f vi. /*rv/ f fcf 
xi it. villani, if x. bordarii, eum vi. «r. 74i molinum reddit 
x.fol. if vi. acrer prati. Silva II. quarent. long, if lat. Va~ 
let vi. £4. 

7^*/w epifcopus tenet Stapelbrigce. 7". £. J?. £*#. pro xx. 
bidis. Terra ^ivn. w. /)* ea funt in dominio vn. 4/V<*. fcf 
/4/ 11. ear. cum I. /?rw, fcf xix. villani, if n. bordarii 9 cum 
xi. «r. 74/ molinum reddit xv. /<?/. if xxv. acne prati. Pa* 
ftura mi. quarent. long, if n. querent, lat. Silva t. leuga 
longa 9 if in. quarent. lat. Valet xu. //4. 7)* *7/fo& tor* 
/*»*/ Lambertus n. 4/V&/, fcjf /4/ 4*4/; i. *w\ r*ww vi. £077/. f*- 
let xx.fol. De eadem etiam terra * ten. ten. m on after. 1 1 1. virg. 
quas Willelmus filius regis tulit ab eccleftaftne confenfu epifcopi if 
monaeborum. Ibi eft una ear. 

Idem epifcopus tenet Wbstvnb. T.R.E. geld, pro vi u. bidis. 
Terra eft vi. ear. De eafunt in dominio v. bida?. if ibi n. car* 
eum i . yirr*, if v 1 1 .. villani, if m. bordarii 9 cum in. «r. 
Ibi xi i. ear. prati. h Siua modica, mi. quarent. long, if I. 
quarent. lat. Valet vn. A'4r<w. 

JMr/» epifcopus tenet Corucvmbb. 7". #. £. £*#.• /w x. 

J i. c. tempore Edtoardi regis. s Sic. b L.flva. 

F 3 bidis, 



86 LELANO'S ITINERARY. 



kidis, una virg: minus* Terra eft ix. car: De tafunt in do- 
minio mi. hid. & 111. virg: & ibi in. car. cum \.fervo y tf vix. 
vMani 9 if vn. cotfcez cum vn. *»r. A/ molinum reddit v. yJA 
& x. acr: prati. Paftura ix. querent: long: & mi. quarent: 
lot, Siha i. iiny: Zmijv tf uu. quarent: lot: Valet vn. //Jr. 

/inn epifiopus tenet Stoce. T. .R. if. £*W: ^rt vi. Aufix £^ 
<#Wi. Terra eft vn. rar. Prater banc funt ibi n. r«r.- /#rr«r 
f «<r nunquam divifie funt per hid: & #/ */i dominio eft u car: 
cum l.fervo, & vi. cotfcex. Ibi vm. vii&ffj Atffoif iui. **r. W 
u. 70/W toi*»f n. A/^m & dSfmiW; 6f iW A*£*«f it. car: & xn. 
cot/cezy & v.Jirvi. Molinum redd: v. fol. Paftura v. y«»- 
r«i/: long: & m. quarent: lat: Siha modica m. quarent: Ion- 
ga 9 & ii. quarent: lata. Dominium valet vi. //*r. jjfjfw/ Ti/iri 
tow?/ xl. A/. * i£rc ix. dejeripta maneria funt de viclu mo- 
nachorunj ocirefurni^e. 

I had aliqoft forgot to (i&nify that this excellent, and ve- 
nerable old MS. confifts of two Parts. The firft Part con- 
tains the Charters that I have already accounted for. The 
fecond is a Collection of Divine Offices, which, I believe, 
were formerly made ufe of in the Abbey Church of Sbir- 
burne ; and I am apt to think that the Charters as well as 
Offices were written much about the time that the Abbey 
was reform'd by, and receiv'd new Benefactions from, Roger 
Poure Bifhop of Salisbury. The Hand confirms this opinion. 
But not only the Book itfelf, but the Covers of it are very 
remarkable, and worthy the Obfervation of fuch as {hall 
concern thcmfelves in defcrjbing the ways of binding Books 
in that Age. ' This will be a Topick fit for him that fhall 
write about the beginning of Printing. It will become him 
to trace the Original of feveral Letters made ufe of by diffe- 
rent Printers from old MSS. 'Tis certain the firft Printers 
follow'd the very Form and Make of the Letters they found 
in MSS. Nor did their immediate Succeffors aft otherwife. 
Hence we may account for the blacjc and white Letter. And 
withal we may from hence, in fome degree, giye a judgment 
pf the Age of thofe NJSS. from whence the firft JJooks were 
printed. The firft Binder* alfo of printed Books Imitated 
the Bindings obferv'd in ancient written Books; tho' 
new Methods came up in time. The occafion of the imi- 
tation was that the printed Books might look like MSS. and, 
by that means, bring in the greater Gain. But 'tis not my 
pijiineis to enter into (bis curious Subjedt, AU I have to 
' 4o 



INLAND'S ITINERARY. 



«7 




88; LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Ther be 4. great Toures yn the « Caftelle Waulle/ 
wherof one is the Gate Houfe. every of them hath 3- 
Lodgginges yn highth. The great Lodgging is vn the 
midle of the Caftelle Court, very ftrong and ful of Voukes. 
There be few Peaces of Work yn England of thantiquite of 
this that ftandith fo hole and fo welle couchid. 

One Bisfhop Langeton made of late tyme a new Peace of 



do is to obferve that this Book (which the more I have look- 
ed upon the more 1 have always admir'd) hath two thick 
Boards (each about an Inch in thicknefs) for it's Covers, 
and that they were joyn'd with the Book by large leather 
ThQngs, which Boards are now, by length of Time, be- 
come- very loofe. Tho' I have feen a vaft number of old 
Books, and oftentimes examin'd their Covers, yet I do not 
remember that I ever law Boards upon any of them of fo 
great thicknefs as thefe. This was the manner of Binding, 
it feems, of thole Times, efpecially if the Books were books 
of extraordinary value as this is. 'Twas ufual to cut Let- 
ters in the Covers ; and fuch Letters were the better pre- 
ferv'd by having them plac'd in fome hollow Part, which 
might eafily be made if the Boards were pretty thick. I 
fuppofe therefore that even the Copies of Gregorys Paftoral 
that were given to Cathedral Churches by King /El/red had 
fuch thick Covers alfo, that thereby the Mfteh might be 
fix'd the better. What makes me think fo is, that the Out- 
fide of one of the Covers of this Book is made hollow, and 
there is a rude fort of Figure upon a Brafs Plate that is 
faften'd within the hollow Part. Which Figure I take to 
haye been defign'd for the Virgin Mary 9 to whom the Ab- 
bey was dedicated. Over it there was once faften'd another 
much longer Plate, as is plain from the Nails that fix'd it, 
and from fome other fmall indications now exftant. And 
this, 'tis likely was of Silver, and perhaps there was an Ana- 
thema againft the Perfon that fhould prefume to alienate it 
ingrav'd u: on it, together with the Name of the Perfon (who 
it may be was Roger Poure) tha$ was the Donor of the Book. 
This will make it to have been nothing elfe but an JEftel> 
fuch a one (tho* not fo valuable) as was faften'd upon Gre* 
gory* s Paftoral, But this I leave to every Man's Judgment, 
and for that end I have added in the foregoing Page the very 
Figure, as I have caus'd it to be drawn from the Cover. 

« Caftelle Walk G. 

Wo* 



LELAND'8 ITINERARY. 89 

Work and Lodging of Stone at the Weft End of the Haul. 
other memorable Peace of work was none fet up ther fyns 
the firft Building. 

There is a Chapelle in a litle Clofe without the Caftelle 
byEfte, 

There l^tth at the Ende of the Caftelle a Mere that fum- 
tyme hath beene very much larger then it is now, as chokid 
up with flagges and wedea. There cummith a « Ryver ynto Fo1 * 5°- 
this Mere. 

£ This Broke rifith of v. Springes caullid the vij. Si- 
fters in an hille fide a 2. Miles or more by Eft from the 
Mere at a place communely caullid Horethorn. and thens 
fone gathering to one Botom maketh a Broke that cum- 
mith into the Mere, and after cumming to a ftraite Bo- 
tom agayne goith to Sbirbum Milles. Wher about the 
lower y Mylle a Broke of much like Quantite cummith 
into it by tne South Ripe of it. 

This Broke rifith a 3. Miles of from the Confluence by 
flat Eft I at a Place caullid PufcandelUy and rennith ynto 
the Weft even by the Botom without the Park bytwixt 
birburn Water and it. 

Shirburn Water thens goith a 3. or more Milys to Clifton, 
wher Matter Horfey dwellith, and fumwhat lower goith 
ynto J" Ivek Ryver. 



«c Ryver] Brckt St. Broke fufra tin. in Antogr. # This Broke 
rifith of v. Springes.] This is a xniftake. For thefe 7. Springs 
rife dircaiy North from the Place in the Side of a Hill calPd 
Milbourn Down belonging to Milbourn Port, and this Brook fup- 
plys 3. Mills before it falls into the River in the Eafl Part of 
the Town, ha in Scbednla Antlauarii cuiufdam do&i. y Mills G. 
i at a Phut W/iVPufcandelle] This is another miftake. For 
there is no Spring of any manner of value, no more than any 
other little common Spring that rifes there or at any other 
Place. But at Milbourn Week, 2. Miles from Shir borne, there's 
a Spring rife* that throws up continually fo great a quantity of 
Water that it fopplys a Mill a little diftance from it, and it's 
cattM Bradfy Spring. This Stream fupptys two Mills arAf/7- 
hurn Port. From thence it runs through Milbournt Moor to a 
Mill at Goat Hill 9 and fo down along by the Park Wall through 
the R*. Honourable the Lord Digbv** Gardens, and Dinny Bridge 
to an Overihott Mill where the Seven Sifters and Bradly Spring 
joyn together. Sk in Scbednla Antiptarii prmdiOi. Ijntotbe G. 

Above 



90 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Above this Confluence on the fame Ripe upper on Ivet 
Ocbtm cummith Wejlcoker Water yn that rifith by Wefte a 3. Miles 
*"• from the Place that he enterith yn ynto Ivel. 

From Sbirburn backward to Soutb-Cadbyri 3. good Miles. 

A litle beyond this Cadbyri I turnid flat Weft byj a litle 
Chapelle, * and a Mile thens a good Mile of I paffid over 4 
Stone Bridge fumwhat above augmcntid with the Broke that 
rifith out of Mr. Fitzjames Pondc, and thens a 4. good Miles 
fi of al by low Ground yn fighte to Ilcheftre. 

Al this way the Paftures and Feeldes be much endofid 
with Hegge Rowes of Elmes. 

Or I cam to llchefter by Estimation of a Mile Cadbyri Wa- 
• ter and Ivelceftre Water confluebant. 

Sum think that at Cofcumb is one of the fartheft Heddes of 
iWRyver a 2. Myles by ... . above Ivel Village. 

y The Streme of cummith by Ivel Vil- 
lage, and, then a 3. Miles lower cummith to /w/Toun Vil- 
lage : and f here, as I hard, the Streame brekith into 2. Partes 
and fone yoynith a^ayn. and fo even ftraite to Limington. and 
thcr I faw dhorttum aqu* made longe fyns and cut by 
hand to ferve a Mille in Limington, and thens the hole 
Streame goith fcant a Mile of to hekeflre. 
Fol. 51. I enterid by South Weft into Jkhefltr over a great Stone 
Bridge of vij. Arches, yn the midle wherof were ij. litle 
Houfes of Stone, one of the right Hond, wher the com- 
mune gaiol is for Prifoners yn Somerfetjbir. The other Houfe 
on 1 the lift Hond. The letter of booth £ femid to me to 
have bene a Chapelle. The Toune of Ikhefler hath beene a 
very large thyng, and one of the auncienteft Townes yn al 
that Quarter. At this tyme it is yn wonderful decay, as a 
thing in a maner n rafid with men of Warre. 
* Ther hath beene in hominum memoria 4. Paroche Chirchis 
yn the Toune, wherof one yet is occupied. The tokens of 
other 2. yet ftond, and the 4. is dene yn Ruine. 

Ther is a fre Chapelle in the Toune, die bakfide wherof 
cummith to the Ryver fide even hard bynethe the Bridge, 
and ther joynith a right praty Manfion Houfe to this 



« and a Mille. Thens a good Myll of I pafsyd St. of deeft 
G. yTbe Streme comitbt by Ivel Village, and then St. I there 
G. t Leg. ut in Autogr. the lift Hond the tyfer of booth femid 
fo me &C« ( feemeth G. n raifed by G« 



Chap- 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 91 

Chapelle. I have hard fav That many Ycres fyns ther was 
a Numy wher this Chapelle ys. 

Ther was alfe a late a Houfe of Freres yn this Tourie. ' 

The greateft Token of auncient Building that I faw yn al 
the Tounc ys a Stone Gate archid and voltid, and a Cha- 
pelle or Chirch of S. Mtcbael> as I remetnbre, over it. 

The Ryver of Jvel rennith from Ivekeftre to Lamport a 
4. Miles lower. 

Thens to Micbelhero^ wher is a Bridge of Tymber over 
IveU and the Water ebbith and flowith a . . . . above this 
Bridge. 

•Thens to llminftre—[« Take better hede. for lime- 
ftre y as I fyns lermd, ys withyn a Mile of Wbitlaktngtm* 
where Mafter Spek dwellith, and is not * on Ivel Water.] 

And fo to Bridgwater* 

If a Man might go for the Fennes the next way from 
Jvekbe/lre to Bridgwater it were not x. Miles betwixt, 
where now it is xij. 

From Ivekeftre to Limington Village about a Mile. One FbLss* 
£ luuerney was owner of this Toune and Lordfhip. he lyith 
richelv buried yn a fair Chapelle on the North fide of the 
Parocne Chirch of Limington. 

Ther lyith at the Feet* of luuerney a Woman vaylid in a 
low Tumbe with an Image of Stone* 

Ther lyith alfo in the South Arche of the fame Chapelle 
a Gentilman and his Wife, y I think alfo of the luuerney s. 

There is a Cantuarie Preft in the Chapelle, 

Iuuerney dwellid, as fum think, in the fame at the North 
Eft fide of the Chirch. 

Iuuerneys Landes cam by Heires Generate to the Bone- 
villes of Devon/hire. 

There was but one of the BoneviUes that was a Baron : 
and that was Syr WyUyam Boneville, whos Sonne * married 
an Heire Generate of the Lord Harington> and * Cecil 
his Heire General was maried to Thomas the Lord Mar- 
quife of Dorfete, 



m This Mr. Lcland added fince he uorote the other, fi Fuuerney 
pro Juuerney in G. & fie infra. y I think defunt in G. 

*;■ . . ■ ' - ' ' ■ ' ' ' " 

I dek oq* a mvied. 3 Cccfy. 

Thi« 



9 2 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

This Lord Boneville had many Baftardes, wherof he fet up 
one in the Weft Partes, gyving him a too* Markes of Land 
by the Yere. and this familye yet remainith there. 

From Limington to Montegue by good Pafture and Corne 
Ground encloud and meately welle woddid a 4. Miles. 

The Toune of Montegue hath a poore Market, and is 
buildid of Stone as communelyal Townes thtraboute be. I 
redde in the Booke of the Antiquites of Glejpnkyri that this 
Toun was. caullid yn the Saxons Tyme Logaresburcb. Sum 
thynk that ther was a great Caftel and Forterefle at. this 
Toune yn the Saxons Tyme. Sum fay that the Counte of 
Moretone buildid a Caftdle there fene after the Conqueft : 
but that a Caftdle hath bene there, and that the Counte of 
Moreton lay yn it, it is without doute. This * Count 
chaungid the olde Name and caullid it Montegue, bycaufe it 
ftode on a fliarpe point of an Hille, and fyns that Name 
hath prevaylid. This Counte of Moreton began a Priory of 
Blake Monkes a 3. or 4. in numbre under the Rootes of 
Montegue Hille, enduing it with 3. fair Lordeftiippes, Mon- 
tegue and Tttenhul joyning to it. The 3. was Criche a 
Fol. 53. 10. Miles from Montegue Weft South Weft. The Counte 
of Moreton toke part with Robert Curtbofe agayn King Henry 
the fix ft, and after was toke, put in Prtfone, and his Landes 
attaintid : at the which tyme the 3. Lordlhipes gyvert to 
Montegue Prioir were taken away, and then were the 
Monkes compellid to begge for a certetn feafon. At the 
lafte King Henry the fint had pyte of them, and efferid 
them their owne Landes again and more, fo that the wold 
leave that Place and go to Lamporte, wher at that tyme ho 
entendid to have made a notable Monafterie. But the 
Monkes entretid hym that they might kepe theyr old Houfe: 
and apon that he reftorid them their 3. Lordftripes, tranf- 
kting his raynde of building an Abbay from Lamporte to- 
Retufyng, Then cam one Keginaidus CanceUarius, fo na- 
mid by likelihod of his OJEee, a man of great Fame about 
King Henry the firft, and he felle to Rdligion r and was 
Prior of Montegue 1 and enlargid it with Buildinges and Pof- 
feflions. And thus the Priory encreafing, and the hole 
Lordfhip of Montegue beyng yn the Monkes Poffeffion, the 
notable Caftelle partely felle to Ruine, and partely was taken 
doune to make the Priory. So that many Yeres fyns no 
BtttWmg of it remaynid, only a Chapelle was fette apen the 
very toppe of the Dungeon, and that yet ftondith ther. 

i County. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 93 

From Moutegue, to Stoke under Hasnden about a Mile. I faw 
at Stoke in a Botom hard by the Village very notable Ruines 
of a great Manor « Place or Caftclle. and yn this Maner 
Place remaynith a very auacient Chapelle, wheryn be di- 
verfe Tumbes of Noble Men and Wimen. 

In the South Weft fide of the Chapelle be 5. Images on 
Tumbes on hard joynid to another, 3. of Menne harnefhid Fol. 54. 
and fliildid, and 2. of Women. Ther hath bene p Inscri- 
ption on eche of them, but now fo fore defecid that they can* 
not be redde. 

I faw a Shelde or 2. al verry of blew and white. 

Ther be in this part of the Chapelle alfo 2. Tumbes with- 
out Images. 

There is in the Northfide of the Body of the Chapelle a 
Tumbe in the Waulle without Image or Writing, and a 
Tumbe with a goodly linage of a man of Armes. in the 
North fide of the Quyer y of the Chapelle" with a Sheld, y 
as I rcmembrc", al verrey, and even afore the Quier Doore 
but without it lyith a very grcte flatte Marble Stone with an 
Image in Braile flattely graven, and this Writing yn French 
about it : 

Icy gift It noble IV* vaiBant Chivaler % Maheu de Gur- 
ney iadys fenefcbal de Landes V capitain du Chattel Daques 
fro no/Ire feigner le roy en la dutbe de Guyene, cue en fa vie 
fie a la bataildi ( Beuamarin, & nala a apres a tafiege Dal- •*%***• 
mm fur le Sarazines, faf auxi a les baitaiues de Le fdufe, de 
Crefly, de YngeneJTe, de Peyteres, de Nazara, Dozrey, & 
a phtfours autre s batailles & 9> affeges en les qutx il gaina noble- 

XX 

meni ground * ks tf honour per le/pace « de iiij* & xvj. ans, fcf 
moruft le xxvj. jour de Septembre Ian noftre Jeignor Jefu Chrift 
Mccccvj. que defalmedieux eit mercy, amen. 

Ther. wais befiae this Grave another in the Wefteende of 
the Body of the Chapelle having a gret flat ftone without 
Infcription, 

I markid yn the Wyndowes 3. fortes of Armes, one a! 
Verry blew and white, another with iii. Stripes Gules 
down right in afeld of Gold* The 3. was Cxoflelettcs of 



m Place deeft G. fi Infcripuons St. & G. Infcriptions B. 
y Deeft B. 4 s Deeft R. tMatbtwG. £ Beaamarzs* & aUa 
apres G. Zfxprs r. « Ala apres B. $ a Sieges G. # Atr.] 
Mr. Burton hath made it lor. » De 96. ant, & moruft in B. 

Golde 



94 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Goldc many intermift in one yn a Feld, as I remembre* 
Gules. 

Ther is a Provoft longging to this Collegiate Cbapelle 
now yn Decay, wher fumtyme was good Service, and now 
but a Meffe faid a 3. Tymes yn the Weeke. 

The Provoft hath a large Houfe yn the Village of Stoic 
therby. 
FoL 55. The notable Quarre of Stone ys even therby at Hamden % 
out of the which hath beene taken many a Day Stones for 
al the goodly Buildinges therabout in al Quarters. 

From Stoke to Crokeborn, a Mene Market Toun Southwell 
from Monttgu€ y a 5. Miles, and 4. from Stoke by Hilly 
Ground. 

Crokeborn is fette under the Rootes of an Hille. Ther I 
faw nothing very notable. Yet there ys a praty Crofie-envi- 
ronid with fmaul Pillers, and a praty Toune Houfe yn the 
Market Place. 

The Chirch ftondith on the Hylic, and by it is a Gram* 
mar Schole endowid with Landes for an annual Stipende. 

Hafelberee is about a Mile from Crokeborn. at this Place 
lyvid the Holy Heremite and Prophete Wulfrik yn King 
Henry the 1. Dayes. The Erie of Darby ys now owner of 
that Lordfliip. 

From Crokeborn by Hilly Ground but plentiful of Come, 
Grafle and Elme Wood, wherwith moft part of al Somerfet- 
Jbire ysyn hegge rowys enclofid, « fcant a 2 Miles to George 
Henton Village, fo caullid bycaufe theParoeh Chirch there 
is dedicate to S. George. 

Heere hath Sir Hugh Poulet a right goodly Maner Place 
of Fre Stone, with 2. goodly high Tourres embatelid in 
the ynner Court. 

Ther hath beene of auncient Tyme a Maner Place at this 
Henton. But al that there now is notable is of the Building 
of Syr Amife Poulet, Father to Syr Hugh now iyving. 

This Syr Hugh hath of late made a Parke not far from his 
Houfe at Henton in the fide of an Hylle. 

From Henton to Kingefton Village a 2. Miles dim. by Hylly 
and Enclofid Ground, and thens paffing about a Mile farther 
I lefte White-Lakington half a Mile of on the right bond, 
wher Mr. Speke hath his principale Houfe, and a Parke ; and 



m/eantmMileG. 

about 



95 



LELAND'S ITINERARY, 
about a Mile of on the lifte Honde I left another Maner Place 

of his caullid 

• Thens to Cury-Makt a 3. Miles, wher is a Parke long- FoL . 6f 
ging to Cbambernoun of Devonjbire. 

I left this Parke a litle on the lift Hand, and fone after 
cam over a great Brook, that rifith Weft South Weft, and 
rennith Eft North Eft into Ivel a 2. Miles above Michelbo- 
row by Estimation. 

(Here 1 cam from the Hilly Ground to the Low and 
Marfchy Ground of * Semerfetflrir.) » 

Thens to Nortb-CuryftiMe by low Ground about a 2. Miles 
or more* The Chirch of Welles hath fair Landcs here. 

And hereabout is Stoke Gregory », wher the Chirch of Welles 
hath Pofleffions. 

Thens about a Mile to the Ripe of Tbone Ryver, by the 
which I paffid by the fpace of half a Mile, and there I went 
over Tbone by a Wood Bridge. 

Athebuy lyith half a Mile lower on Tbon, and ther is a 
Bridge of Wood to entre to thabbay, and beneth that al- 
moft at the very Confluence of Tbone and Ivei is another 
Wood Bridge over Tbone. 

Tbonetoun alias Taumtoun is a 5. Miles by South Weft 
from Atbelney. 

Tbonetoun is about a vij. Miles from Bridge-Walter. 

* There is a great Bridge on Tbone at Basford a Mile 
lower then Tbonetoun. 

From this Bridge by Atbelnty I rode by a low Marich 
Ground a 2. Miles to Pedertun Pari. 

Here at Pederton the foyle Weftward and South Weft ry- 
fith agayn and ys not fenny. 

There ys a great Numbre of Dere longging to this Park, 
yet hath it almoft no other Enclofure but Dikes to let the 
Catelle of the Commune to cum yn. 

The Deretrippe over thefe Dikes and feede al about the 
Fennes, and refort to the Park agayn. There is a praty 
Lodge motid yn the Parke. 

There cummyth a praty Broke thorough the Park, and 
half a Mile beneth the Park it goith ynto IveU 

This Brooke is caullid Peder 9 and rifith Weft South 
Weft yn the Hylles aboute a 2. Myles of. Firft it cum- 
mith by * Nortb-Pedreton, a praty uplandifch Toun, wher 



t Sontrfctcihir, a ther, 

is 



96 LEXAND'S ITINERARY. 

is a fair Chirch, the Peribnage wherof was impropriate to 

« Mynchinbocland. 

Then it touchith on S$*th~Pedirt$n 3 ya the which Pa- 
roch the Parke ftandith. and io to the Ryver of IveL 
w -57« From the Lodge in Pederton Parke to Northpedertm a 
Mile. 

From Northpedertun to Bridgewater a. Miles. The way 
or I cam vnto Bridgwater was caufid with Stone more then 
half a Myle. 

Entering into Bridgwater I paffid by a Chapelle of S. £ Sal- 
vior (landing on the Ripe of the Haven. 

Then 1 enterid into a Suburb*, and fo over a Bridg, tin- 
der the which rennith a Brook, that rifith a 4. Miles of by 
Weft at Bromefelde. 

The South Gate of the Towne joinkh hard onto this 
Bridge. » 

The Towne of Bridgwater is not wallid, .nor hath not 
beene by any ' likelyhod that I law. Yet there be 4. Gates 
yn the Towne nanud as they be fttte by Eft, Weft, North, 
and South. The Waulles of the Stone Houfes of the 
Toune be yn fteede of the Towne Waulles. I rode from 
the South Gate yn a praty Streate a while, and then I 
turnid by Eft and cam to the Market Place. 

The faireft Streate and principale Showe of the Tonne 
ys from the Weft Gate to the Eafte Gate. 

The Ryver of Ivel there joynith with the Salt Creeke. 
y and Anne of die Se rennith crefle thorough this- Strete 
from South to North, and to pane over this Anne there is 
Fol. 58. a right auncient ftronge and high Bridge of ftone pf 3. Arches 
begon of William Bruer y the nr(t Lord of that Towne, yn 
King Richard the firft and King Johns Dayes. 

One Trivetb, a Gentilman, as I these lernid, of Devem- 
Jbir or Cornewalle^ finifhid this Bridge : and the TriveUs, be- 
yng the Amies- that Trivrtk gave, appere there in a Shdd yn 
the coping of the Chekes of the fridge. 

That part of the Towne that ftondith on the Weft fide 
of the Bridge and Haven is thre Cymes as bygge as that 
that ftondith ou the Eft fide. 



« 



U Supra o in Autogr. ft Smlitfor en the Rife G. y An 
te B. 



Arme B. 

aljkdyhod. 



The 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 97 

The Caftelle fumtyme a right fair and ftrong Peac* of 
Worke, but now al goyng to mere Ruine, ftandith harde 

Srnethe the Bridge of the Weft fide of the Haven. Wylliam 
ruer the firft buildid this Caftelle. 

Thefe Thinges I markid yn the Wefte Parte of the Towne : 

One large Paroch Chirch. 

A goodly * Houfe wher fumtyme a College was of Gray 
Freres. 

* Wjtijam Bruer, funne to * ffjltyam Bruer the firft, 
buildid this Houfe. 

One of the Lordes Botreaux and his Wife were efpecial 
Benefadors to this Houfe. Thereapon his Hert and his 
Wifes Body were buryed there. 

The Accuftumer of Bridgwater hath tranflatid this Place 
to a right goodly and ' pleafant dwelling Houfe. 

There 4 ys an Hofpitale yn this Parte of the Towne of 
the Building and Fundation of Menne yn the Towne ; but . . 
it is endowed with litle or no Lande. 

The Chapelle of S. Sahiour at the « South fide withoute 
die Town was buildid in bomnum mtmoria by a Merchaunt of 
Bridgewater cawllid William Pool or Pole. 

fi In the y Eft Parte of the Town is onely the Houfe or 
late College of S. John a thing notable : and this Houfe 
ftandith partely withoute the Eft Gate. 

This College had Preftes that had die Apparelle of Secu- 
lar Preftes with a Crofle on there I Brefte : • And $ this Fol.59. 
Houfe was adjoynid an Hofpital for poore fblkes* 

fVylfyam Brtur the firft foundid this Place, and gave onto 
it Cure Pofieffions. 

JVjllittm Brtur the firfte was buried at DunkefwelU, an 
Abbay of White Menkes of his Fundation yn Devon/hire. 

lYiUyam Bruer 11 the firft Wife was buried at Afotesfontt, % 
Priorie of her Husbandes Fundation. 

There hath faullen yn ruine and fore Decay above 200. 
Houfes yn the Toun of Bridgwater in tyme of ' remem- 
braunce. 

From Bridgewater to Canington a 2. Miles. 

m Sontbe End of the tonne St. fi partly witbeout tbe /aft Gate of 
tbe Towne ftonditb tbe late College of $. John St. y fir ft for Eft 
in G. I Brefts G. t And to tbis St. & G. £ To this A 
n tbe firft? t Wife G. 

ihowfc. aWjUiM&airiWiUyaa. 

Vol. a. 




98 LELANDS ITINERARY. 

As I cam ynto Caningten* a pratv uplandifch Towne, I 
paffid over a bygge Brooke that rifitn not far of by Weft yn 
the Hilles, and paffinge by Cansngtun rennith into the Ha- 
ven of Bridgewater a 2. Miles and more by Estimation lower 
then Bridgwater. 

The Paroche Chirch *f Canimgton Is very fair and welle 
adornyd. 

There was a Priory of Nunnes, whos Chirch was hard 
adnexid to the Eft of die Paroch Chirch. Regeresol the 
Court hath this Prioric, and alfo Aftncbyn Bukland gyvea 
onto hym. 

From Cakingtun to Stewey 3, good Miles. 

Stowey a poore Village ftondith yn a Botom, emong 
Hilles: Heere ys a goodly Maner Place of the Loide 
Audtleys ftonding exceding pleafauntly * for * good Pa- 
stures, and having by it a Parke of redde Deere and ano- 
Fol. 60, ther of felow, and a aire Brooke ferving al the Offices of 
the Maner Place. 

The Lord AudtUy, that rebellid yn Harry the vij. Tyme, 
began great Foundations of Stone Work to the enlarging of 
his Houfe, the which yet be feene half onperfcd. 
" ' The Ryvcr of 5/w/xnfithyn the /8 Hilles therby by Weft, 
and renning along thorough Stewey Village goith after to 
the Se. 

The Se is about a 4. Miles from Stows. 

From Stowty to y S. * Andres a 5. Miles. I left this 
Village a litle I on the right, it ftondith about a Mile from 
the Se. 

In this Paroche I faw a fair Park and Manor Place of the 
Luttorel/iSj caullid 9uantok-H*ddi y bycaufe it ftandith at the 
Hedde of 9uantok-H\\le* toward the Se. 

Thefe Hilles renne in Creftes from <ht*ntok-Hedde • to- 
ward Tauntoun^ as from North to South Eft. 

I paffid over 2. notable £ jbokcs bytwixt Stnwe and S. 
1 Andrts that ran from the Montaynes to the Se. 

From S. 4 Andres to WiUngten a 2. Miles. 



# Leg. for geedty paflnres. ut m Autogr. /3 Bittes tier by Wejt 
St. and G. y Etbelreda is written ever Andres in the Original $ 
but in Mr. Burton's Cofy Ethelreda is emitted^ I em the right bornd. 
it ftonditbZu Sc G. • te Taunton G. ( Bridges for Brekis in St. 



1 goodly, sAftfct*, jAata, 4*n*m> 

I paffid 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 99 

I paffid over a great Brooke or I cam to Wilington, rifing 
from South and renning by North to the Se. 

A Quarter of a Mile from WilUngton or more I cam to Or* 
tbardy wher Mr. John Wyndeham dwellith. 

This Maner Place was ere&id by a younger Brother of the 
Sydenbams. And of this Name ther hath beene 4. owners of 
Orchard that was {jurchafid by the firft of the 4. 

The Secunde Stdnham maried with the Heire General of 
one GamoHy or rather Gambon, a Man « of 200. Markes of 
Lande in Devon/bin and CorntwaL 

This Gambon gave in a felde of Sylver thre legges Sables* - 

Sidinbam the 2. buildid mofte part or almoft al the good 
B uilding of Orchard* \ 

The 3. dyed, leving a Sunne and 2. Doughters. 

The Sunne or he cam to xxij. Yeresof Age dyed. 

The 2. Doughters were thus maried : one to John Wynd* 
bam, a younger Brother of Wyndham of Felhridge yn North* 
fM. The other was maried to 

The eldeft Houfe of the Sidtnbams is at Brimtoun by Man- Fol $u 
tegtu. 

And this Sidenfym of Brimton, a Man of good Yeres, lyith 
now at a litle Maner Place of his withyn a Mile of Orchard 
caullid Combe. 

There lyith alfo at Netlecumbe, withyn a Mile of Orchard 
or litle more, another Sidenham cumming oute of the Houfe 
of Brimton. This Sidenham may fpende p a y 50. Land by 
the Yere. 

I markid vn the Glaffe Wyndowes at Mafter I Wynde- 
ham' s yohn Wyndham and Thomas Knighttes Armes. The 
one of them • maried Howard the Duke of North/Met 
Doughter: the other the Doughter of the Lord Scrape 
of Boltun. 

Orchard is yn the Paroche of S. Decun 9 alias Decuman** a 
Mile or more from the Se fide, and a 2. Miles from the 
Chapdle of our Lady of Chyfe. 

From Orchard to CJif Chapel a 3, Miles or more. 



a Leg. of* 200. Markes, m in Autogr. /S a 50. ti. Land Se* 
& G. y Sic in Antografbo. 50A Land habit B. * Windham's 
the Armes of 7#fo Windham and 72mm/ Windham Knightes. 
The one maried the Daughter of .... . Howard D. of 
Xwfrike, the ether (ft A. • There an points after maried 
»G. 

(Fa Or 




xoo LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Or I cam to this Chapel almoft by a Mile I paffid over a 
Broke that cummith from C/z/'-Abbav. At this Place I left 
C///*-Abbay fcant a Quarter of a Mile of by South on the 
lift Hond, and hard by on the right Hond by North I faw a 
fair Stone Bridge of one Arche. 

1 Cfi^-Chapelle, wher offering was to our Lady, fs fct 
apon no very high Ground, but rokky. it is welle buildid : 
and on the South fide of it is a goodly Ynne al of Stone « a 
late ufid for Pilgrimes. 

The Se is about half a Mile from C/Z/z-Chapclle. 

From CZyf-Chapelle to Dunfter a 2. Miles. 

I paffid over a Brooke that cummith thorough Duneflor 
Park. 

Marfch Wind Park bytwixt our Lady of Cfyve . and 
Dune/for. 

Dunfter Toun ftondith in a Botom. The Paroch Chirch 
is fet in Ground fumwhat rifing. 

There is a very celebrate Market at Dunftorre ons a 
Wekes. 

There is a Fair privilegid to be at Dunfter every IVhitfun- 
Mone-day. 

The Toun of Dtmefterre raakith Cloth. 
F61. 6*. The Glory of this Toun rofe by the Moions that were af- 
ter Erles of oomerfete. 

The Miiorn YaAjura regalia at Dunfter. 

The Moiom buildid the right goodly and ftronge Caftelle 
of Duneflorre. 

The Dungeon of the Caftelle of Duneflorre hath beene 
fulle of goodly Building. But now there is but only a Cha- 
pelle in good cafe. 

Syr Hugh Luterelle did of late Dayes repaire this Chapelle. 

The faireft Part of the Caftelle welle maintenid is yn the 
North Eft of the Court of it. 

Syr Hugh Luterelle in the Tyme of Dame Margareie his 
Wife, Sifter to the olde Lord Dalbeney, made a fair Tourrc 
by North cumroyng into the Caftelle. 

Sir Hugh had another Wife caullid fi Guinlkan y Doughter 
to Tori of Devonflnr. 



* a hte defunt in G. fi Gui*llean\ Guenliam cum quatnor 

• •• • 

pun&is in G. fed in ora codicis ab ead. m. Gillian*. 

l Cfif. 

Syr 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. iox 

Syr Andrew Luterette, Sunne to Sir Hugh, « build of new 
a pece of the Caftel Waul by Eft. 

There be great Hilles on every fide of the Caftelle Hille 
except toward North Eft* 

There longgith many Privileges and Knightes Services to 
be doone to this Caftelle. 

Ther is a praty Park joyning to theft part of the Caftelle. 

The late Priory of Blake Monkes ftoode yn the Rootes 
of the North Weft fide of the Caftelle, and was a Celle 
to Bathe. 

The hole Chirch of the late Priory fervith now for the 
Paroche Chirch. Afore tymes the Monies had the Eft Parte 
clofid up to their Ufe. 

In the North Part of this was buried undre an Arche by 
the high Altare one of the Luterelles, or, as I rather thynke, 
of the Moions. for he hath a Garland about his Helmet: and 
fo were Lordes of old Tymes ufid to be buried. 

There ly ij. images on the South fide of the Chauncelle 
of one of the Moions and hft Wife : and therby lay an Image 
of one of the Everardes Gentilmen firft there fet up by the 
Moions > yn token wherof they had a parte of the Caftelle to 
defende by Service, the image lyith now bytwixt ij. Arches 
or fi Boteres in the Chirch Yarde. 

The Maner Place of the Everardes was and yet vs at 
AUer in y Carnetun Paroche a Mile from Dunfter Caftelle. 

Carntoun is Ihortely fpoken for Carantokes Teume, wher FoL 63. 
yet is a Chapel of this Sainft that fumtyme was the Pa- 
roch Chirche. 

Ther lyith one Elizabeth, Wife to one of the LutereUes y 
afore the nigh Altare under a playne Stone. 

There cummith a praty brooke by Weft from the Hilles 
therby, and fo rennith . . 

From Duneftore to Minbeved a 2* Miles. 

Minbeved hath ons a Weeke a praty Market. 

The faireft Part of the Toun ftandith in the Botom of ah 
Hille. The Refidew rennith ftepe up a long the Hille, yn 
the Toppe wherof is a fair Paroche Chirche. 

The Toune is exceding ful of Irifcb Menne, 

The Peere lyith at the North Eft Point of the Hille, 



« built G. Lege buildid. fi Butteries G. y Carenton G. 
fymfupra Cam fcrifo'tur. 



G 3 .. There 



IM ^EIMND'S ITINERARY. 

There was a fair Park by Afinheved, but Sir Andrew Z&t- 
tereUe of late tyme deftroyd it. 

Fronj Afinheved to Jber Thawan « yn fi Glamorgan the 
y nereft trajeft there into Wales* 18. Miles. 

from Jwneheved up along the Severn* Shore to &*E* 
^ (r«rgr a xvii. Miles, where is a goode, Village* 

Tbens to tbe Sterte a 3, Miles, and there is the Mouth of 
Jlridgewatfr Haven, 

From ACnheved doune on the Severn Shore to a Place} 
caullid Hores-Toun a 3. Miles. There beginnith the Rode 
that is communely caufljd Pqrkgb JRqr, a meatly good Rode 
for Shippes, and fo goith to • Comban, peravepture {hortely 
fpoken for Colurnbane y a 3. Miles of; and thus far I was ad- 
certenid that Somerfe^nr went { or farther. 

From n Cemekme to the Sterte jnoft parte of the Shore if 
flilfy Ground, and nere the Shore is no ftore of Wood : that 
{hat is ys al in Hegge rowes of Epclofures, 

There is gre*t Plenty of Benes in this Charter and inward 
to the S- Landes, 

And of thefe Beeqes ther is yn a maner a Staple at Bridge 
footer when Come is dere in the < Parties beyojid the Se. 

There is alio yn this Quarter great Plenty of Whete an4 
?*«4- Catelle. ^ 

From Duneftdrre to Exford Village a 7. Miles. 

Of thefe 7. Mjles 3. or 4.. of die fcrft iyere al hylly 
find rokky, fiu of Brakes in every Hilles botom and meat- 
)y lyoddid. 

Thefe Brookes by my EfHmation ranjie toward the 
feverne Se. 

The Reftdew qf the way to Exferd was partely on * 
tyfoore and fumwhaf baren of Come, and partely hylly, 
having many Brookes gathering to the hjther Ripe 0/ px 
Jtyver, 

There is a litle Tymbre Bqdge ztExforde over Ex broeke, 
(her being a fmaul water. 

Ex rjfith ii> Exrnore %t a place ^aullid Excfoffe a 3. Miles 

m Into B. fi Glamorgan] Glamorganjbirt St. y next G. 
f Gnery a xvii. St. Gurey a eighteen G. • Cenban G. £ and G f 
mC^n^aneQ. $ Landes] Land G. , Pans G, 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 103 

of by North Wefte, and fo goith toward Tyvtrtun zxij.* The iv^e 
Miles lower, and thens to Exceflre a x. Miles, ^^jf 

From Exfwd to &j*msbati Bridge a 4. Miles, al by^""* - 
Foreft, Baren, and Morifch Ground, whcrys ftore and 
breading of yong Catelle, but litk or no Corne or Ha- 
bitation. 

There rennith at this Place caullid Simambath a Ryver be-™J Wtter 
twixt fi to great Morifch Hilles in a depe Botom, y and ther^ h by 
ii a Bridge of Woodde over this Water. Wefte. 

The Water in Somer moft communely rennith flat apon 
ftones eafy to be paffid over, but when Raynes cum and 
Stormes of Wyntre it ragrth and ys depe. 

Alwayes this Streame ys a great deale bygger Water then 
Ex is at Exferd. yet it refortith into Ex Ryver. 

The Boundes of Somerfetejbire go beyond this ftreame one 
way by North Weft a 2. Miles or more to a place caullid 
the Spasme> and the Tourres 5 for ther be Hillokkes of Ycrth 
caft up of auncient tyme for Markes and Limites betwixt 
Somerjetflrir and Dewnjbire. and here about is the Limes and 
Boundes of Exmore foreft. 

From SimmbatbBridge I rode up an high Morifch Hyl(e, 
and fo paffing by 2. Mylcs in lyke Ground, the foyle began 
to be fumwhat fruteful, and the Hilles to be fill of Enclo- 
fures, ontylle I cam a 3. Miles farther to a poore Village Pol 6$. 
caullid Brarfbrde, wher rennith a Broke by likelihod refort- 
iagto Simmsbatb Water and Ex. 

From Braiford to Berftaple an 8. Miles by hilly ground, 
having much Enclofures for Pafture and Corne. 

The Toune of Berdenejtaple hath be 
waullid, and the Waulle was in cum- I think that the olde Name 
pace by Eftimation half a Myle. It is of the Toune was in the Bri- 
now aunoft clene faullen. The names toi»*Tunge Abertaw^ bycaufe 
of the 4. Gates by Eft, Weft, North it ftode toward the Mouth of 
and South, yet remain, and manifeft Taw Ryver. Btr denes ihortely 
Tokens of them. or corruptdv fpoking, as I 

The Suburbes be now more then thinke, for Aberneffe. Staple is 
the Toun. an addition for a Market. 



* the Marginal Note is thus exprefsM in St. Tbtr is a large 
Firreft ef Exmore ; and ia G. thus : Hereabouts is the large Foreft 
tf Exmore, with points under the two fiifi Words. /I the G. 
y and ther is a great Bridge G. 



The 



104 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Houfes be of Stone, as al Houfes in good ■ Tounes 
there aboute be. 

There be manifeft Rubies of a great Caftelle at the North 
Weft fide of the Towne a litle beneth the Toun Bridge, and 
a Peace of the Dungeon yet ftandith. One Jobelus dt You- 
fro, fiiius Jhtrediy was the firft that I can reade of that lay 
yn this Caftelle. 

There is but one Paroche Chirch in the Town. 

There hath beene 4. Chapelles yn the Toun, of the which 
one was at the Eft End of the bridge dedicate to Thomas 
Beiet, now profanid. 

The other 3. yet ftande. one of jflhalwes, at the North 
Gate. ' Another of S. Nicolas, at the Weft Gate, as I re- 
metnbre. 

One Holmauj Vicar of the Paroche Chirch in Berftaple 9 
made a fair Chapelle, and foundid a Cantuarie in it in the 
Paroche Chirch « Yard in BerftapU." 

The Priorie of Blake Monkes at the Northe Ende of the 
Towne was * foundid by Jobelus de Totenes, that was Lorde 
of the Toun and Caftelle of BerftapU. 
. fi A Fair at the Nativite of bur y Lady at BerftapU. 

One Tracy was after Lorde of the Caftelle and Toune of 
BerftapU, and taken as founder of the Priorie. 

Sum fay that one of the Trans made the right great 
and fumptuus Bridge of Stone I having 16, high Arches 
at BerftapU. 

There be Landes gyven to the Maintenance of this 
Bridge. 

One Pbilippus de Columbariis was_after Lord of BerftapU : 
and this Philip died circa annum Dm. 1344- or 47. he and his 
Wife lay booth buried in the Priory of BerftapU. 

There lay fumme of the Barons of • Statu yn Jrelana 
buryed in BerftapU Priory. 

Then was one William Mertun a Knight Lord of Berftaple, 

The Duke of Excefter was of late Daves Lord of BerftapU. 
Pol. . 66 The Countes of Richemont 9 grand Dame to Henry the 8, 
was Lady of BerftapU. 



m Defunt O. /B There is 4 Fair G. y herd for Lady in G. 
I having eighteen? high &c. G. • SUue G. 



Hinty 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 105 

Henry late Duke of Riebenwnt and SomerfiU was Lord of 
Berflaple* 

There is a Mair in BerflapU 9 and the Burgefes take King 
Eibelftan as chief of Privileges to the Toun. 

« Plimteun is devidid from the North Suburbe and the Pri- 
ory only by a grete Caufey of Stone, having an archid Bridge 
atecheEndeotit. 

This Bridge was made long fins by a Merchaunt of Lon- 
don caullid Stawferdfi long fyns" by tnis occafion : 

He chauncid to be at Berjlapk to by Cloth, and faw a 
Woman ryding to cum over by the low falte Marfch from 
Phfmtun towarde Berflaple, and the tyde cam fo (ore yn by 7 PUmmoJu* 
a gutte, that brekith vn there from the Haven fhore to te^j^" 9 
Marfch, that fhe could not paffe : and crying for Help, no J^nem 
man durft cum to her, and fo fhe was drownid. tnhit." 

Then Stanford toke I the Prior of BerJiapU a certen 
fumme of Money to begyn this Caufey, chekid on ecbe 
fide, and the • Bridgges, and after payid for the perform- 
ing of it. 

There cummith a praty Broke from the lilies at Berftaple 
by Eft and rennith along by the Priorye Waulle, and fo go- 
ith thorowgh the Bridge at the Ende of the Caufey, and 
ftrayte dryvith a Mille and fo ynto the Haven. 

Picartes and other fmaul Veflels cum up by a gut out of 
the Haven to the other Bridge on the Caufey at Phfmtun 
Townes Ende. 

Phfmtun is but one fair long ftreate. and is mainteynid 
by Clothe making. 

The Weft North Weft fide of the Toun for the more part 
lonrid to the Priory of BerftapU. 

The Eft fide of the Toune longid to thabbay of Clif for 
the more part. King Atbtlflan gave fair Landes in and 
by Phfmtun to thabbay of malmesbyru 

Matmesbyri had alfo the Perfonage of Phfmtun impro- 
priatid. 

The Bsifhop of Exctftre hath an auncient Maner Place M-*7. 
a Mile above Berftaple-tiriig caullid Tawton on the Eft part 
of the Haven. Rsfhop [Veyfy of late made this Houfe fum- 
what leffe then it was but \ more handfum. 



m PMmtoun] Sic cum in Autogr. turn in Apogr. fed Piton, ni 
fallor, redius. fi Redundant, y Defunt G. I To the B. 
% Bridge G. t femetebnt mere G. 

^ The 



I 



i<* . ^ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The Erie of Batbi hath a right goodly Mancr and Place 
at Tawftch oil the Weft fide of the Haven a Mile above 
BirftapU Bridge. 

The King gave of late to the Erie of Hampton a great 
Lordfhip cawlid Fromngtun. it lyith from bvneth BirftapU 
Bridge on the Weft fide of the Haven to the Nefle. 

The Ryvcr oiTau rifith in Exmore by Eft Sputh Eft from 
BirftapU. 

The Ryvcr of Taw is no very mayne ftreame at the Ebbe 
as k apperith at BirftapU. 

From BirftapU to the very Haven Mouth a v. Miles : and 
the very Mouth of it is no large thing : and a litle without - 
is a barre. ' \ 

m There rennith a fhore on the Weft fide of the Haven a 
I. Miles byneth BirftapU fi to this Nefle or Point metith the 
Ivy ver of Tungi and Taw toghher making a brode Water, 
and go to the Stmrn Se. $ 

From this Nefle up to y Budeford Bridge apon Tungt a 4* 
Miles, wher is a praty quik ' Streate of bmithes and other 
Occupiers for Ship crafte as ponton* 

The Bridge at Bedtfirde apon Tungi is a very notable 
Worke, and hath xxiiij. Arches of Stone, and is fairly waul- 
lid on eche fide. But the Arches be not fo high as the 
Arches of BirftapU Bridge be. 

A poorePrefte began * thys Bridge : and, as it is faide, he 
was animatid fo to do by a vifion. 

Then al the Cuntery about fette their Handes onto the 
performing of it : and fins Landes hath >be gyven to the 
maintenaunce of it. 

Ther ftandith a fair Chapelle of our Lady trans pmtaa at 
the very ende of it, and there is a fraternite in the Toun for 
prefervation of this Bridge : and one waitith continually to 
kepe the Bridg dene from al Ordure. 

The greateft part of the Toune is ukrapmtm, and ther 
is a fair Paroch Chirch. 

Ther is no wekely Market at a fette day at BaUfordt. 



m So this $. both in the Orig. and B. /B t$ this Nip mating G. 
y BaU/ord G. I bene St. & G. 



1 teat, a this. 

< There 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. soy 

There is a good Village uktriori ripa * a a. Miles byneth 
Bedeferd caullid Apledour. and Chens about a Mile is thfc 
Haven Mouth. 

Mr. Of kin dwellith a 3. Miles by North Weft from Bed* 
fori. 

Hertlani is x. Miles from Bedtferd much by Morifche W. ft. 
Ground but very good for Broode of Catelle. 

£ Hertey point lyith North North Eft y 3. Miles nerer to 
the Mouth of Taw then Hertlemde* 

From BerftapU to Bedeforde Bridge a 7. Miles or 8. 

Fropn BerftapU to Newtoun a poore village by ftony and 
hille and Aim endofid Ground a 3. Miles. 

And thens to Aljcott by much like Ground a 3. Miles. 
a 

Mafter Bedbw dwellith at Alfcote. I left his Houfe hard 

9 
by on the lift Hand. And thens I cam to Taringtun a a. 
Miles of. 

Terinrton is a great large Toune, and ftondith on the brow 
of an Hille, and hath a 3. fair Streates yn it, and a good 
Market every weke, and ons a Yere apon S. Michaels day 
the beft Favr in al thofe Quarters. 

In die Toun is but one Paroch Chirch. Dr. Chaumbre is 
perfone therof. 

The moft parte lyvith there by making of Cloth. 

There is a Mair, and the Toun is privilegid with Li* 
bertees. 

The Ryver of T°rege rennith under the rootes of the 
Hille, on the which the Town ftondith foo% and apon Turege 
at Tmngttn be a. Bridgges of Stone, one caullid the South 
Brid of 3. Arches of Stone, and another half a Mile lower 
caullid the Weft Bridge, the which is the greater of the 
2. and by this Wefte Bridge the way lyith to HertUmd that 
is xij. Miles of. 

A litle above the South Bridge ftoode a fair Caftelle apon 
the Brow of the Hille hangging over Torege Ripe, of the 
which at this prefent tyme nothing remainith ftonding but 
a negle£t Chapelle, 

I lernid there that one Sir TVyllyam of Totington was Lord 
ef this Cartel and the Town: for whom and for his Stmne 
they pray t for" in the Paroche Chirch. 

« a three miles G. Utrtley G. y tbirtune G. I Re- 
fafa, f jUdtndat* 

The 



log LELANEPS ITINERARY, 

Th4 King of late tyme gave the Lordfhip o( Torington onto 
Pitzwilliams Erie of Hamptun. 

Litle-Tarington is on an Hille beyond Turege Water a Mile 
by South South Wefte, and therby dwellith one Mr. Monk 
a Gentilman. 

There i$ an Hamlet longging to Torington Toun not a 
Mile by Eft from Torington caullid S.Gitys, 1 wher George 
RotUs hath buildid a right fair Houfe Of Bryke. 

Friftok Priory is aboute a Mile from Tartngton. 
Fol. 69. From Taringtm over the South Bridg to Depeford by hilly 
and much enclofid Ground and Aim wood an 8. Miles of. 

The Rvver of Turege riiith in a Morifch Ground a 3. 
Miles by North Eft from Herf eland almoft by the principalc 
Hedde of Tamar : and firft rennith South South Eft by a 
few miles. 

The firft notable Bridge on Turege is KiJJfogtun Bridg* 

Thens half a Mile to Pa^ Bridg. 

Thens a 2. Miles to Woddeford Bndge. 

Thcns a 2. Miles to Depeford Bridge of 3. Arches. 

Thens to the South Bridge of Torington. Or ever Turege 
cummith ful to Torington he turnith from the South to 
North Weft. 

Thens to the Weft Bridge of Torington. 

Thens to Bedeford Bridge about a 4. Miles* 

And a 2. Miles lower is the Confluence of Turege and 
Taw. and fo ftrait into Severn by the Haven Mouth. 
Funim From Depeford to Lanftoun a xij. Miles by Hilly and much 
S^bsm. Morifch Grounde baren of ■ Wodde. 

Or ever I cam to Lanfioun by a Mile I paffid over a 
Bridge of Stone having 3. Arches, and a fmaul caullid New 
Bridge* thorough the which the Ryver of Tamar rennith, 
that almoft from the Hed of it to the Mouth *devidithZ>/t*w- 
Jbir * from Cornewaule. 

This New Bridge was of the making of the Abbates of 
Taveftok and mainteinyd by them : for Tavefloke Abbay had 
fair Poffeffions thereaboute. 

The Ryver of Tamar rifith a 3. Miles by North Eft from 
Hertelande, and thens cummith to Tamertun* a Village on 



« Leg. ieviditb Dcvonfhir and Corncwaulc. 
1 wotdde aindforfrom. 



the 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 109 

the Eft Ripe vn Devon/tiro \ and thcr is a Brick over Tamar 
of Stone: ana from this Bridtt to Padeflow xx. Miles. 

Talmt Bridge of Stone a. Miles lower. 

New Bridg 2. Miles lower. 
9 

m Pulftun Bridge 2. Miles lower. 

Greiftoun Bridge a 2. Miles or more lower. 

Taveftoi* about a 4. Miles from Grefton. Bridg. and Gr*~ 
^tftcif Bridg being about a 3. Miles from Launfton is the way 
from Launfton to JaveftoK 

Hawte Bridg. 

Another Bride caullid New Bridg. 

Caulftoio Bridg next the Se begon by. Sir Perje Eggecumbe. 

Lideford Bridge is not on Tamar. 

After that I had enterid a litle into the Suburbe of Lmm* Fd.70, 
Jloun I paffid over a Brooke caullid Aurej that rennith ft yn 
the Botom of the ftepe Hi) that Launftoun ftondith on. . 

This Water, as I there lernid, rifith a x. Miles of by Weft 
North Weft toward Bodmjne\ and paffing by Launftoun y go- 
ith t in " Tamar by Eft> as I did gather, a litle above rul- 
Jfun Bridg. 

After that I had paffid over Aterey I went up by the Hille 
thorough the long Suburbe ontylle I cam to the Toun Waul 
and Gate : and fo paffid thorough the Toun contending the 
Hille ontylle I cam to the vfcry Toppe of it, wher the Mar- 
ket Place and the Parochc Chirch of S. Stephen* lately re- 
edified be. 

The large and auncient Caftelle of Launftun ftondith on 
die Knappe of the Hille by South a litle from the Paroche 
Chirch. much of this Caftel yet ftondith : and the 1 Moles 
that the Kepe ( ftonde is large and of a terrible highth, and 
the Arx of it, having 3. feverale Wardes, is the ftrongeft, but 
not the biggift, that ever I faw in any auncient Worke in 
England*. 

Ther is a litle Pirle of Water that fervith the high Parte 

Of Lanftoun. South Weft part 

The Priorie of Launftoun ftondith « in the Weft parte of FoL 7* 



m Poulften G. & infra, fi info G. y geith into famar G. 
} Into B. t Mole G. {ftandetb on is See. G. logo eum B. 
fUndcth on is fife. * in the South* Weft parte of the Suburbe St. 
in the Weft South Weft parr of the Suburbe G. Su in Autograph*. 
In the Weft South Weft part of the &V. in B. 

the 



no LELANDS ITINERARY. 

the Suburbe of the Toun under the Rote of theHiOe by * 
fair Wood fide, and thorowgh this Wood rennith a Pirle of 
Water cumming out of an flil therby and fervith al the Of- 
fices of the Place, 

In the Chirch I maikid 2. notable Tumbes, one of Prior 
Herten and another of Prior Stephana. 

One alfo told me there that one MMSs a Counties was 
buried ther in die Chapkre Houfe. 

One Wil&anx Warunft, Bisfhop of Bxceflre, ercdid this 
Priorie, and was after buried at Pfymtoim Priory that he alfo 
eredid. 

WarvM for eredion of Lamflon Priory fuppreffid a Col- 
legiate Chirch of S. Stephen having Prebendaries, and gave 
the [beft part of the Landes of it to Launftoun Priory, and 
take the Refidew hymfelf. 

There yet ftandith a Chirch of 8. Stephen about half a 
Mile from Launjloun on a Hille wher the Collegiate Chirch 



Game* Carew hath the Cuftody of the Priory. 
ft* 7*. There is a Chapelle by Weft North Weft a litle without 
Launftewne dedicate to S. Catarine. it is now prophanid. 

From Launfien to BrtreauxC*fteUe> vulgo Bofcafttly firft 
a 2. Milts by enclofid Ground having fum Woodde and 
good Corne. 

Thens an 8. Miks by Morifch and Hilly Ground and 
great fcarfitt of Wod, mfomuch that al the Countery ther- 
about brennith Firres arid Hethe. 

And thens a 2. Miles to Befeafiel by enclofid Ground 
metely fruitful of Corne but Weeding baren of Wood, to 
the which the Bleke Northcn Se is not there of Nature fa- 
vorable. 

The Toun of Befiaftette lyith apon die Brow of a rokky 
Hille by South Eft, and fo gokh doun by lenght* to the Nerthc 
toward the Se, but not even fill hard to it. 

It is a very filthy Toun and il kept. 

There is a Chirch in it, as I remembre, of S. Simpkericm. 

The Lorde Betrtau* was Lord of this Toun, a man of an 
oldG»»>Linage^aridhad4aMai^PlaccaTbing,as&ras 
I could of (maul Reputation, as it is now, far 



* to the defunt G. fs a Minor Place of f mall Reputation^ as 
it is now, far unworthy St. a Miner Plate, a thing, as far as t 
could bears of f maul Rep. as it is now h far unwertbj G. 

«on- 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. m 

wonworthe the name of a CafteL The People ther caulle 
it /l the Court t. 

Tbcr cumin Uh down, a litle broke from South Eft out of 
the Hilles therby, and (o renning by the Weft fide of the 
Towne goith into Severn Se betwixt a. Hylles, and ther 
maketh a pore Havener, but of no certaine falvegarde. 

One of die Hmngrefordes maried y with of the Heires ge- 
nerale of Botreaux: and fo Bofcafttl coxa to t Hungreford. 

Then cam BofeqfteUe by an Heir Generate of the Hun- 
grefordes onto the Lord Ho/Hugos, 

HqjHnge* Erie of Huntendune and the late Lord Hungre- 
ford had aLardihip of the Botreaux in partition caullid Parke. 
and ther is a Manor Place or Caftelet. It is a vi. Miles 
from Botreaux by South. 

Ther is no very notable Toun or Building from Bo- 
treaux by Eft North Eft a long apon the Shore upper on 
Smarm to HerHemd point but Strettoun. and flat is xij. Miles 
from Botreaux* and ther is a praty Market, it ftondkh **7> 
about a Mile from the Se. 

There is a Place neve to Strettm caullid Ebbingford, but 
now communely Efford, wher John Jrundali oSTrerifo was 
borne, and hath a fair Maner Placet in the which Syr 

^dm Cbaumon now dwdlith, that maried the Mother yet 
,ving of Jehu Arundalt of Trerife. 

Olde Treviliane, a man of pratie Land but cumming of a 
Youngger Brother of the chile Houfe of that Name, dwd- 
lith toward Stretton at a place caullid 

HertkndPoint k a x. Miles upper on Severn from Strettoun. 

From Botreaux to Tredewy Village on the Shore about a 
Myle : and ther cummith downe a Broke riling in the gret 
rokky Hilles therby. 

YromTredewi to Boffixxy on the Shore about a Mile. 

This Boffeuny hath beene a bygge thing for *» Fifchar 
Town, and hath great Privileges grauntid onto it. A Man 
may fe there the Ruines of a gret numbre of Houfes. 

Here alfo cummith down a Broke, and this Brook and 
Tredewy Water refort to the Se at one Mouth bytwyxt ij. 
HOles ', wherof that that is on the Eft fide lyith out lyke an 



« Unworthy B. /8 Juft as at Illip near Oxford they call the 
Ground (where the old Manor or Palace was, in which King Bdw. 
Conf. was born) the Court Chfe. y With one of B. i> to the 
BuMgerferd G. 

Anne 



na L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Anne, or Cape, and maktth the Fafcion of an Havenet, or 
Pere, whither Shippelettes fumtime referte for focour. 

A Frere of late dajres toke apon hyin to make an Haven 
at this Place, but he htlc prevailid theryn. 

There * ly 2. blake Rokkes as Iflettes at the Weft North 
Weft point or fide of this Creeke. the one, Caving a Gut of 
Water, joyning to the other. And yn thefe biede Guiles 
be al lykeuhod. 

From Bojftnny /S to y Ttntagel Caftel on the Shore a Mile. 

This Caftelle hath bene a ' marvelus ftrong and notable 
forteres, and almoft./fra led * imxfugnabiU> efpecially for die 
Dungeon that* is on a great fan high terrible cragje envt* 
ronid with the. Se, . but having a Draw Bridge from the Re- 
fidew of the Caftelle onto it. 

There is yet a Chapel ftanding withyn this Dungeon of S. 
VUtU alias Uliane. Shepe now fede within the Dungeun. 

The Refidew of the Buildinges of the Caftel be fore we- 
ther beten and yn Ruine. but it hath beene a large thinge. 

This Caftel ftondith in the Paroche of Trevenny. and the 
Paroch therof is of S. Sympbman ther caullid Sim/mm. 
Pol. 74* Pafling a Mile from the Chirch of S. Svmpborian by Hillv 
and Hethy Ground I cam over a Brooke that ran from South 
Eft North to Severn Se, and about half a Myle beyound the 
Mouth of this Brook lay a great Blak rok lykc an Met yn 
the Se not far from the Shore. 

Portbijfek a Fiflchar Village ly tth about a 3. Miles from die 
Mouth of thafore. fayd Brook lower by Weft on Severn Shore. 

There refortith a Broke to Porthijfek: and there is a Pere 
and Aim focour for Fiflchar Botes. 

Porthguin a Fiflchar Village lyith a 2. Miles lower on the 
Shore, and there is the Ifiue of a Broke and a Pere. 

And a 3. Miles lower is the Mouth of Pade/hw Haven. 

From pindageUe to S. EJfe Village a 4. Miles. 

Meately good Ground about S. EJfes felfe. 

From S. Effe to TreliUe Village 2. Miles. 

From Tre&Jle to ..... . wher Matter Carnitines alias 



* bee G.fi te Tintagcl, or Dindsgel. Ctfth St. v Sic is 
Jutograpbo. Sed Dindagel fupra lin. Tinted tantummds in B. 
tamtbigbG. And B. 



s merrelui. a inexpugnable. 

Carnfy 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 113 

Carnfty hath a praty Houfe, fair Ground, and praty Wood 
about it. 

Thens 3. Miles by good Corne Grounde but no Wood 
to Wadebridge. 

Wher as now Wadebridge is ther was a Fery a 80. Yeres 
fyns, and Menne fumtyme paf&ng over by Horfe ftoode of- 
ten in great Jeopard^. 

Then one Lovebone, Vicar of Wadebridge, movid with 
pitie began the Bridge, and with great Paine and Studie, 
good People putting * their Help therto, finifhid it with xvij. 
fair and great uniforme Arches of Stone. 

One told me that the Fundation of certein of tharches 
yras firft fette on fo quik fandy Ground that Lvuebone 
almoft defpairid to performe the Bridg ontyl fuch tyme as he 
layed Pakkes of Wolle for Fundation. 

The Ryver of Alaume rennith thorough Wadebridge evi- 
dentely feen at lower. 

The firft iqemorable Bridge on Alone is caullid Helham 
Bridge • . . Miles lower then. Camil/orde 9 but Alane is al- 
moft a Mile from Camilford Toun. 

Dunmtre Bridge of 3. Arches, a 2. Miles lower. Here 
doth Alaune Ryver ren within a Mile of Bodmyn. 

Wadibrid «.a 3. Miles lower by Land and 4. by Water. 
This is the loweft Bridg on Alane. 

Ther cummith a Broke from S. EJJe £. Myles from Wade- Fol. 7$. 
bridge^ and a litle above Wadebridge goith into Alane by the ffl"** 1 ** 
Eft fide of the Haven. 

This Broke rifith M 2. Miles above S. Effe by Eft 
North Eft. 

There cumihith a Brooke from Mr. Carnfefs Houfe and 
goith into Alant by the Eft fide .of the Haven a 3. Miles 
lower then Wadebrtdge* and here is a Creeke at the Mouth 
of this Brooke that Ebbith and Flowith up into the Land. 

In the way paffing from Dunmtre Bridge toward Bodmyn 
there rennith a praty Brofcet thoroug a Bridge of one Stone 
Arche a very litle way beyond Dimmer Bridge : and a litle 
lower goith into Alane bynethe Dunmtr Bridge by the Weft 
Ripe of Alane. » . 



« * 3. Mi/es] about z. Miles G. fi shut tm Miles firm G. 



4 Mr btlp writ -twice. . 

Volt a. H This 



H4 ^ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

This litle Broke fcrvith the Millet and rennkh by die Eft 
Ende of the Town of Bodmyn* 

There cummith a Brooke into Alaune about a a. Miles, 
byneth Dunmere Bridg on the Weft Ripe. 

This Brooke rifith by South Eft: and at S. Laurence fcant 
a Mile owt of Bodmyn I paffid over a Bridge on this Water in 
the way to Michale. 

From Wade Bridge to Padeftow a good quik Fifchar Toun 
but onclenly kepte a 4. Miles. 

This Toun is auncient bering the Name of Lodenek in 
Comi/che, and yn Englifch after the trew and « old Wri- 
tinges Adelftow. Latino Atbejfiani locus. 

And the Toune there takith King Adejftane for the chief 
Gever of Privileges onto it. 

The Paroch Chirch of Padeftow /S is of S 

There ufe many Britons with fmaul Shippes to reforte to 
Padeftow with Commoditees of their Countery and to by 
Fifche. 

The Toun of Padeftow is fill of hrifch Men. 

Padeftow is let on the Wefte fide of the Haven. 

Padeftow Toun is y a ... , Miles from the very Ha- 
ven Mouth. 
f<& 76. From the Mouth of Padeftow Haven to f S. Carantokes a 
• . • Miles. 

From Wadebridge to Dunmere a 3. Miles, and thens a 
Mile to Bodmyn* 

Bodmyn hath a Market on every Saturday lyke a Fair for 
the Confluence of People. 

The Showe and the rrincipale of the Toun of Bodmyn is 
from Weft to Eft along in one Streate. 

t There is a Chapel of S at the Weft Ende of 

the Toune. 

The Paroch Chirch ftandith at the Eft End of the Town 
and is a fair large Thyng. 
There is a Cantuarie Chapel at the theft Ende £ of it. 
The late Priory of Blake Chanons ftoode at the Eft Ende 
of the Paroch Chirch Yard of Bodmym. S. Petrocus was Pa- 
trone of this and fumtyme dwellyd then 



u old Writing G. fiis$fS*.G. y is a mile JromG., t S. 

Carantokes a my/e St. 1 There is a CbeteU at the Weft Ende 
of the Toune St. Ab Autogr. non difecdit u. nifi quod St. pro 
8. habcau L of it defuat G. 

There 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. tij 

There hath bene Monkes, then Nunnys, then Seculare 
Preftes, then Monkes acayn, and laft Canons Regular in. S. 
Peirokes Chirch yn Bodmyne. 

WiOyam Warlewtft Bisfhop of Excejlre ereflid the laft Fun- 
dation of this Priory : and had to hynafclf part of tbauncfcnt 
Landes of Bodmyn Monafterie. 

I few no Tumbes in the Priory very notable, but Thomas 
Vhnanes late Prior ther and Suffragane by the * Title of the 
Bisihoprike of Mtgarenft. 

The Shrine and Tumbe of S. Petrok yet ftondith in theft 
Part of the Chirche. 

There was a good Place of Gray Freres in the South fide 
of Bodmyn Town. 

One John of London a Merchaunt was the Beginner of this FoL 77. 
Houfe. Edmund Erie of Cornewaul augmented it. 

There lay buried in the Gray Freres Sir Hugh, and Sir Tbo~ 
mas PeverelU Knightes, andBenefadors to the Houfe. 

There is another Chapel in Bodmyn befide th*t in the 
Weft * Ende of the Toune, and an Almofe Houfe, but not 
endowid with Landes. 

The Toune of Bodmyn takith King Edelftane for the chief 
Ere&or and Gyver of Privileges onto it. 

From Bodmyn to S. Columbes 8. Milci. 

From Bodmyn t<fS. Laurence, wher is a pore Hofpital or 
Lazar Houfe beyond the Bridge, about a Mile. 

Thens a 5. Miles by Hilly and Mory Ground, and fo 
ther left an Hille caullid Caftelle Endinas fcant a Mile of 
on the Right Hond. 

Thens toMichal a poore thorougfare « a 4. Miles by Hilly 
and much fi Morifch and no Wood. 

Thens to Alaine Paroche a 6. Miles. The Ground about 
jiliin bertth good Corne and Graffe. 

Thens a Mile to Guermk. 

There is very good Corne and Pafture about Guermk. 

Guermk a late was one of the Maner Places of y Boville 
alias Seville. This Name cam out of Baft Normandy, and 
long continuid ther ontyile of late tyme it felle onto 2. 



« a five Miles G. Morifch Grounde and no Wood G. Adds 
Grounde cum B. y the Bovills G. 



1 tile, a End. 

Qojug&ttcs 



u6 LELAND'S ITINERARY.- 

Doughters of BoviUe y whcrof the one was maryed onto 
Arundale of Trerj/e now lyving. 

The other to Granville : and fo they devide almoft 300. 
m Markes of Lande. 



* Market 0/ Lande] After this there follow t great many 
Things in B. and G. which really belong to the firft Part of the 
VllJth Vol. where 1 have publtfhM them in their proper Place 
according to the direction 0/ the Original. 



The End of the Second Volume of Mr. 
L eland's Itinerary. 



AN 



t "7 ] 

AN ACCOUNT 

Of feveral Antiquities in and about the 
University of OXFORD. 

§• i. "W*T may perhaps be look'd upon as a mat- 

I ter of no ftnall wonder, that a Perfon ^ A t ^ t ^ J ^ ecoa ^ 
■ of Mr. Island's extraordinary Induftry ^iT&'Z/LZ 
^^ and inquifitive Genius, ihould not, when foy of oxford juftly 
he had fo fair an opportunity, give us an exaSt and ^ eae tS 9m Mr : y" 
particular Account of the feveral Religious Houfes that he made CoSJi'wn 
and other Antiquities in and about the Univernty *poo that S*b}<a, »d 
of Oxford. He had fearch'd a great many £i- £".)*** "* fince de - 
braries, and confulted and made Extracts from * 

the moft autbentick MSS. and the Any* Commij/ien he had 
receiv'd from his i&nw/ Mafter lodg'd in him a Power of Ex- 
amining whatever Papers he had occafion for in framing and 
carrying on the Great Work he had defign'd ; and for that 
reafon he was better qualify'd than any other Perfon for 
drawing up Relations of the Original of any Place, and of 
the feveral Antiquities belonging to it. And as he had been 
a Member of the Unherjuy of Oxford in his Younger Years, 
and was, fometime after he had finifh'd his Travels, honoured 
with a Canonry, or Prebendjbip, « of King's College, 
now Christ-Church, in the fame Univerfity; fo one 
would think that in point of Gratitude he fhoulcf in his De- 
fcription of Cities, Towns, ice. have given us a fell and an 
accurate Relation of the mqft remarkable Antiquities of Ox- 
ford and of the Places adjacent. But inftead of this, abat- 
ing fome fhort Memorials fcatter'd up and down in his Col- 
leclanea, he has thought At, after he has touch'd upon the 
Cqftle and OJney Abbey, and juft mention'd Rewly, to take 
his leave of it, and aired his courfe to other Places of lefs 
consideration. The reafon of which OmiiBon 'tis probable 

* At ben. Oxen. Vol. I. col 68. 

H3 was 



Il8 An Account of feme Antiquities 

was this, viz. that when he was a Young Man and a Student 
in this Unherfity he had, through the ftrength of his Natural 
Genius, made ample Collections concerning the Hi/lory and 
Antiquities of that and of other Places thereabouts, which, 
with what he had sot together after the Grant of the King's 
Commijfon, he judgM would be a Sufficient and juft Fund 
for writing a full Account of that ancient and mojl flourifhing 
Univer/tty, and for fettling die HiJIery of thofe other noted 
Places that borderM upon it. Nor will this fuppofition feera 
abfurd, if we do but confider that all Eminent Antiquaries 
have even from their moft- tender Years been carry'd on to 
colled Materials tor their future Works, and that we have 
undoubted Evidence that fitch of them as have been edu- 
cated in Oxford have, during their Refidence there, 
made it one part of their Bufinefs to view the Churches ana 
Chapels in and about it, and to take Copies of all the moft 
material Infcrittions they could find belonging to them. 
They did not look upon this as a Fatigue, and a dry, ufelefs 
Work ; but thought it a Recreation, a Piece of Tuftiee doe to 
the Memory of their famous Predecefirs, and a fignal h& 
of Piety, fuch as would derive a BUJfing upon it, and raife 
the Devotion of ail conjiderate Perfons. 'Twas from this 
motive that Mr. Camden, when he was Under-Graduate of 
Christ-Church in this Umverjity, did, with feveral 
other Young Gentlemen of the fame moft Noble and Flourifiing 
Society* make a Journey « to fVcdlingford, and take a view of 
the Ruins of that ancient Town. The fame Principle fpurVd 
him on to enter and furvey aH the Churches and Chapels in 
Oxford, and to give an Account of the feveral Monuments 
and Coats of Arms in them. This he did in a Book he had 
prepar'd for that purpafc ; but where that Book is now, and 
now it may be fcen, is at prefent uncertain. Mr. Wood 
often told the learned Dr. Thomas Smith is, that he had 
feen it ; but he couM not be radue'd to declare in whofe 
Poffeffion it was, and how a Sight of it might be procur'd, 



« Brit en. pag. 204. Edit. opt. fi Its in Chartis MSS. quas 
mini moriens, pro fumma fua in me beneyolentia, legavit ipfe 
Smithus. De hac re vide quoqae Smithi vitam Camdeni 
pag xl. ubi ad oram Dbri notat, CoHcftaneoram horum frag- 
ments quaedam exftare apud V. CI. D. Henri cum $an-Georgium 
Clarcnuuin. 



Nor 



In and about OxfoRD. ii$ 

m Nor has Mr. Wood mention'd it in his Athena Oxonienfes ; 
where however he takes notice that another Excellent An- 
tiquary, Mr. William Wyrley, did, for diveriion fake, during 
bis Abode in 2fa/if*/-College, make feveral Colkdions of 
Arms from Monuments and Windows in Churches and eifewhere 
in and near Oxford, and that at the lame time he col- 
lected a great number of Remarks from Leiger-Books, that 
had formerly belong'd to Monefteries in thefe Parts : all 
which Collisions at length came into Mr. Woods Hands, 
ted were of admirable lervice to him in compiling not only 
the Athene but the Hiftory and Antiquities of Oxford. 
Nor were the Collisions alfo of Mr. Miles Windfore (who 
was a more judicious Antiquary than Mr. Wood, notwith- 
standing he fpeaks y difreip^dfulry of him) and Mr. Brian 
Tuyne upon the ferae Subject of lefs Service in carrying on 
thofc elaborate and ufeful Works. I might here mention o- 
thers that fpent a good part of their Time in the fame man* 
ner, whilft, in their Younger Years they were Members of 
the Unwerfity of Oxford ; but what has been faid may 
farve in fome meafure to (hew that 'tis highly probable that 
Mr, LeJandj whpfe Genius was not inferior either to Mr. Cam- 
den'* or to any one's elfe, during his ftay at Oxford, made 
fo good ufe of his time, as to colled Infcriftions from 
Monuments in Churches and Chapels, and to gather divers 
Pajf*g*s from MSB. and other Booh, and to receive fuch 
Informations from the heft Hands, as would be of ufe and 
Jervice to him afterwards when he fhould fet about any Work 
that would tend to the Uluftration of our National Antiqui- 
ties. And 'tis not unlikely, but this was one End of his com- 
ing hither from Cambridge, where perhaps he had implo/d 
himfelf with equal Induftry in the fame laudable Undertaking. 
But his Colleclions (as : have obferv'd in the Preface to the 
firft Volume) being afterward difpers'd in feveral Hands, and 
receiving abundance of Damage, 'tis flo wonder if many of 



« Nor has Mr. Wood mention'd it] Mr. Wood indeed mentions 
the Bnk in hi* Athene Oxon. and withal tells us that he had Teen 
and penis'd it ; but he gives not the leaft Hint in whofe pofTeffion 
it was, or how others might get a view of it. Nor does he take 
any notice of Mr. Camden's fetting down an Account of oar 
OXFORD Menumenti whilft he was a Young Man, and refident 
as a Member in the Umverfity. £ Vol. i. col. 363. y Vol. 1. 
col. 416. 

his 



120 An Account of fame Antiquities 

bis* Papers quite perifh'd, amongft which might be tbofe 
concerning Oxford, efpecially if they carried the Antiquity 
of it higher than Cambridge, and fell into the Hands of a Per- 
fin that envied that Piece of Glory, (if indeed it may be look'd 
upon as juft caufe of Glory) to Oxford. 

§. 2. But the want of thefe Papers of Mr. Lekmi 

The Lofs of thofc h^ fan, \ n g rcat m eafure, fupply'd by the Writ- 

S^fuSl^T t by ,n Se *W of Mr - Tv 7 w and Mr - **•* The formc,r t^- 

Induftty of Mr Twy* fore he was thirty Years of Age writ and publifh'd 
• od Mr. W»dn jn ^. t0 . an excellent and ufeful Book in Lrf/Ji call'd 

Anttquitatis Academia Oxonienfis Apologia, in tres U- 
bres dsvifa. He was from his Youth to the utmoft Period of 
his Life a Perfon of Jlrange, unaccountable Induftry, and he 
laid out his whole Time and Pains (to his eternal Honour) 
in this particular fort of Learning. His Diligence is very ma* 
nifeft in the Book, and in it he has fliew'd no lefs Judgment. 
|ie has withal produced fuch irrefragable and undenyable 
Proofs of the Antiquity of Oxford againft the moft learned 
Dr. John Cay of Cambridge, that they continue hitherto, as 
it were, unanfwerM j and there is Variety of other Parti- 
tutors fcatter'd up and down the Work, which with the Ap- 
pendices clearly point out and difcover to us the Original of 
many Places and Cu/lomes in and about that Unwerfity. As 
by this Work the Author defervedly obtain'd the Name and Re- 
putation of being a moft indefatigable and skillful Antiquary, fo 
the Univerjity of Oxford, in token of their Efteem and 
Refpeft for him, and to gratify him for the Pains he had 
generoujly taken not only in tnat Work, but in helping to 
compile the Body of the Statutes of the Univerjity, elected 
and conftituted nim their firft Cuftos Arcbivorum ; which 
Place he held and injoy'd to his dying day, to the no (mall 
Credit of the Univerjity, and with equal Honour to himfelf. 
During that time he rang'd and digefted all the Books and 
Papers, belonging to his Office, in due Order, and added di- 
vers excellent and ufeful Notes and Obfervations to many of 
them, which have been of admirable fervice to his Succejfors : 
and he inlarg'd his Apology to a much greater Bulk, which he 
detign'd to have reprinted ; but u>on his Death, the Copy, 
in which thofe excellent Additions were inferted, was «, with 
ieveral other Papers of ineftimable Value, unfortunately loft ; 
and therefore Mr. Wood, when he fet himfelf in good earneft 



* Atben. Oxon. Vol. II. col. 28, 

about 



In and about Oxford. Ill 

about compiling bis great Work of the Hiftory and Antiquities 
of die fame Unroerjtty, was obliged to fearch and examin a- . 
new all thofe Papers and Books that had been confuhed long 
before by Mr. Twyne, whofe CollecJions, had they been pre- 
ierv'd, would, in fome degree, have eas'd him in that 
Drudgery. Mr. Woofs Dcfign was of a much more extenfive 
nature, beginning his Hiftory with the moft early Accounts 
of the Univerfity, and carrying it on by way of Annals to 
the late illegal and Fanatical Vtfttation ; and being not con- 
tent with a bare Hiftory of the Affairs of the ifniverfity in 
general, he took in all the Colleges and Halls, gave us parti- 
cular Defcriptions of each, and related whatever he found 
moft remarkable concerning them. In this Work we have a 
large and diligent Relation of moft of the Religious Houfes 
formerly fituated in Oxford. Not only their Original, 
but the Benefactions, and moft Eminent Men belonging to 
them, are diftin&ly difcours'd of by the Author •, who com- 
piled the Work in Englijb \ but Mr. Twyne's having been done 
in Latin, and it being more for the Credit of the Univerfity 
to have fuch a Book publifh'd in that Language, that Great 
and Good Man Bp Fell got it tranflated into Latin, and 
he redue'd it into better Order and Method, by cutting off 
abundance of Particulars that were trivial ana fuperfiuous, 
and by adding others thathejudg'd altogether/^ and necef 
fary : by this means confulting the Fame and Honour both of 
the Univerftty and the Author. The Bp. (being one of the 
heft and one of the moft public fpirited Men that this Nation 
ever producM) was at the whole Charge of the TranJJation 
himfelf *, and when finifh'd he put it to the Prefs, and took 
care to have it printed all at his own Expenfe «• Had Mr. 
Wood done nothing elfe, this very Work would have been a 
noble Addition to JAr. Leland's Coileclions, and no final) &- 
tisfa&ion for the Lofs of his Papers upon the fame Subjecl. 
Vet he did not ftop here but proceeded to draw up a corn- 
pleat Hiftory of all the Learned Men educated in the Univer- 
sity of Ox FORi> from the Year mo. to the end of the 
Year mdcxc. Which Work he begun, carried on and fi- 
nifh'd with incredible Induftry, and in it he has retriev'd fe- 
veral ufeful Notices of Things which otherwife would have 
been wholly loft $ tho' tis pity the Author had not permitted 
fome of his judicious and faithful Friends to read it over before 



* Jtben. Oxon. Vol II. col. 606. 

he 



102 An Account iff mi Antiquities 

he committed it to the Prefs. Befides thefcpuMiJn'd Works, 
he bequeathe at his Death (which happen'd on the 28^ 
of November mdcxC?. after a Strangury of 3. Weeks Con- 
tinuance, without any Pain) a moft valuable CoUe&ion of 
MSS. Boots and Papers to the Univerftty, to be prefcrv'd in 
the Mufium AJhmoleanum \ where they were foon after depo- 
sited, and they (together with other Papers, which were left 
by him to a private Friend) will be of wonderful Service to 
any one that ihall undertake to draw up a farther Account 
of the Antiquities of Oxford, or (bail think fit to write 
the Antiaukies of Oxford-Shir* in the fame method that 
Sir William Dugdak diji the Antiquities of Warwick-flare. 
For Mr. Weed did not in his Colleclions confine himfelf wholly 
to Oxford, but took in all the noted Places in that County ; 
aftd I am apt to think that he once defign'd to have written 
the Antiaukies of it. 'Twas for that reafoa, it may be, that 
when he was a young Mam a, he travcll'd over moft Parts of 
the County* vifited the feveral Churches he came to, took down 
the Inscriptions he found in them, and coJlefted all the Ob- 
fervations he poffibly could that he thought would any ways 
ferve to illuftrate their Antiquities. In this Study he was 
much fevour'd by Mr, afterwards Dr, Thomas Barlow the 
chief Keeper of the Bodlejan Library at that time ; in 
which Ltbrary Mr. Wood was xfevert Student, and read over, 
with much Pkafure and no kfs SatisfiocJion, all the Books of 
Englijh Antiquities that he could meet with ; but after a due 
Confutation with hinuje^nnA with Friends upon the matter, 
he at laft confin'd himfelf to the Unsverpty of Oxford, 
and the Product of his Labours and Studies were the printed 
Books before fpoken of, which are prodigious in their kind, 
and plainly fhew the Compiler to have been a Man of a moft 
furprifing Genius, of a prying Temper, and of a moft undaunted 
Courage. He was finam'd by nature for the Study of Eng&flo 
Hiftory and Antiquities ; and 'twas that Study which he pro- 
fecuted with unufuai Induftry and Application. He was free 
from Ambition, and was ifignal Inftance of SeJf-DenyaL His 
Method of Study was even and uidform, and he fpent his 



« So in The Diarie ef the Lift ^Anthony a Wood, Hi/trie- 
grapher of the foment Unwerfity *f Oxford. MS. A Copy of Pan 
of which, reaching to the latter End otO&eber mdclix, is now 
in the Hands of a particular friend, and, by his Favenr, I have 
had a tranfunt vim of iu 

whole 



In **i ahaui Oxfo&d. I2j 

whole Vmt for the fake of the PuhSck, which (notwithstand- 
ing feveral things ought to have been retrench'd and cut off 
in his Writing*) fufferM much by his Lofs: and 'twas not 
without good reafon that a very learned Divine of the Church 
*f England made the following ex tempore Diftkh upon him 
Ike toe Morning he <Uod : 

Cafe CaMabrix, certa de fide vetujfa : 
Defenfore fuo jam caret Oxonia. 
4. 3. If the Works and CoUeOims of Mr. Twyne 
and Mr. JPWbelook'd upon and efteem'd as a * alio by the Ok. 

■f^; *« «*■■** rf Mr. £M trWfta 

and As an excellent Supplement to that part of his 0/^ .Abbey quite de- 
liimrary that concerns Oxford, what will be ftrcyVL Mr. John Am- 
jadg'dofthemwhenweaddthejR^^ Jj 'JJjl^S 

Jartuttions of Dr. Langhain and Dr. /?%/£f f Thefe off from tLfe oWa 
two eminent Divines', being Succejfors to Mr. in hit &*»• Dayt. The 
T«ya* in the Place of Cuftos Archivorum, were e- ^"j^^i^ 
qually indufirious tn reading; over and reducing in- ^^ found there in 
to order all the Records, Charters and other Muni- *»ccv. 
ments relating to the Unrverfky that properly be- 
long to the Duty of Cuftos Archivorum. They were always 
very zealous in defending the Privileges of the Umverftty, and 
in putting a timely Stop to the Incroacbments of her £«/y £**- 
/»**. They undenftood their Bufinefs fo perfe&ly well, that 
thev could upon all occafions immediately produce Papers in 
fuch Suits as related to the Univer/hy, and were able and 
Jitbtile Advocates in ftatrng the feveral Cafes, and folving what 
ever Difficulties were rais d about them. And as they were 
Men of far better Learning and Judgment than Mr. JVood\ 
fe their Afafrx and Okfervations (especially thofe of Dr. Lang- 
bain) will be of unfpeakable Service to any one that fliall here- 
after undertake to pucige Mr. Wood's Books of their feveral 
Faults, and to make fitch Improvements as are fit and necef- 
fary : which Performance will in no final! degree redound to 
the Reputation and Credit of the Umverftty. When fome 
qualify d Perfen fliall in good eameft fet about fo worthy an 
Undertaking, at the feme time he will take all poffible Care 
to give Form, Life, and Beauty to the other vafl Bulk of 
Materials that are lodg'd in the Archives of the School-Tower* 
as well as in the Archives of fome other Places in the Uni- 
wrftty, and, laying afide all Prejudice and Partiality, will in 
trvery refpect ack the Part of a faithful as well as wife Hifto- 
Han. *Tis to fuch a one therefore that 1 leave the farther 
Pjfcujfion of this Affair, and in the mean time I (hall con- 
tent 



IH An Account of fome Antiquities 

tent my felf with fuch Particulars as more immediately con* 
cern Mr. Lektnd, and fhall infift upon fome Remarks which 
are the Refuh of my own Obfervation, and are only a fytri- 
ait* of a great number of others which I have had an op* 
portunity of making during my Refidence in Oxford. And 
here I fhould begin with ufney, and make fome Additions to 
what has been laid by Mr. Leland, but that there is fo little 
now remaining of the Abbey, that to one, that is not already 
apprised of the matter, 'tis very difficult to difcover whether 
here had been formerly a Religious Houfe or not? Before the 
De/lruclion made in the late horrid Rebellion (againft King 
Charles the Firft) the Tower of the Church, and divers 
other Parts were (landing, at may be feen in the fecond Vo- 
lume of the Monafticon AngUcanum «, where they are delinea- 
ted by the Care and at the Charge of the late Mr. John Au- 
brey, who began the Study of Antiquities very early when he 
was Gentleman-Commoner of 7W«i*y-College in Oxford, and 
had no inconfiderable Skill in them, as may appear from his 
Hi/lory of tie Antiquities of Wilt-fliire, his Native Country , 
now remaining in the Mufeum AJhmoUanum j which Work 
tho' imperfecl and unfinijbd, yet evidently (hews that he could 
write well enough upon a SubjecJ, to the Study of which he 
was led by a Natural Inclination ; and the World might have 
juftly expelled other curious and ufeful Notices of Things 
from him, both with refpeft to the Antiquities of Oxford 
as well as thofe in his own and other Countries, had not he 
bv his intimate Acquaintance with Mr. AJbmole in his latter 
Years too much indulged his Fancy, and wholly addi&ed him- 
felf to the Whimfeys and Conceits of Afirologers, Soetb-Sayers, 
and fuch like ignorant and fuberftitious Writers, which have 
no Foundation in Nature, Pbilofophy, or Reafon. But not- 
withftanding this unhappy Avocation, which brought innu- 
merable Inconveniences alone; with it, he was otherwife a very 
ingenious Man, and the World is indebted to him for fo care- 
fully preferring the Remains of this old Abbey of Ofney, and 
for affifting Mr. Wood and others in their Searches after Anti- 
quities, and furnifhing diem with feveral excellent Memoirs 
concerning this as well as other Monasteries of this Kingdom. 
Now tho' I have nothing new to obferve about this Abbey, 
yet at a fmall diftance from it on the North fide we have 
fome confiderable Remains now ftanding of another Abbey, 



m Psg. 136. 

call'd 



J66& 



fHf. 







Ex prifci aevi reliquiis MONUMENTUM 
hoc[tn hortis CCENOBII de Loco Req-ali, 
vulgro S/i.ewli/ f anno Dom. MDCCV. ertxtxxm, 
d$ in p d Kola *jVCe cLicince Oxorui. acLgervatutm] 
impenfis $ui$ exfculpi Curavit Juvenig egre 
*yiu$ &) PcLtriarum Antiquitatum ptudiofi? 
Jimu* RlCHARDVS RAWLlN^ON.Collegii 
ViviJOJNNIS BAPTISTS Superiors 
Orclinig Commenfalis 

\B.fcutf>. 



In and about Ox F ord. 125 

call'd Rewly, (Roy-lieu, or RegaJis locus) fo nam'd ffom it's 
being founded by Richard, fecond Son of King %*», Earl 
of Cornwall, and King of the Romans. The Place, where 
this j/46<7 flood, is in old Writings frequently call'd Norths 
Ofney\ and the Abbey was firft defign'd for Secular Priefts, 
but thefe were afterwards, via. in the Year mcclxxxi. « 
changed by Edmund Eari of Cornwall, Son to the forefaid 
Richard, into an j/£6rt and fifteen iMJwix of the Ciftertian 
Order. I do not think it worth my while here to take 
notice of and inlarge upon the Arms of the Earls of Corn- 
wall, (now to be feen at the Entrance into Rewly-Houfe) 
die Images of fome of the Apofiks, ( as St. Andrew, St. 
Thomas, &e>) in a Clofet on the South fide of the Hou/e, the 
Arms painted in a Jrindow going up Stairs, the Coyns of 
King Henry the VIII U , and others, fometimes dug up here ; 
but I {hall rather give an Account of another Sort of Mo- 
nument, th&t has been found lately here, by which the Ho- 
nour that is due to the Memory of a noble and pious Lady 
is luckily retriev'd. About die middle of July in mdccv. 
hearing that a Stone with odd Characters on it was dug up 
a litde before at Rewfy, I had the Curiofity fome dme after 
to go and take a view of it. I prefently law that 'twas a 
Monument of fome value, and after I had writ down the In- 
fcription upon it, my opinion of it increased, and I foon re- 
folvM with my felt to ^urchafe and fecure it by putting it 
in fame public* Place. After I had agreed with the Owner, 
I had it conveyM to the Bodlejan Repofitory, where it now 
continues, and for better Satisfaction to thofe that are cu- 
rious in thefe Inquiries, due Care has been taken to have not 
only the Shape of the Stone but the Figures of the Characlers 
cxa&ly reprefented in the annexed Plate. 

§•4. The Lady's Name is here exprefcly men- 
tioned in the Inscription, which, according to the The ExfJiestin of the 
modern way o\ -writing, is thus to be read : Ela 1*P"P*<* *1» n ** *- 

heme capeUam fecit, cujus preemtum fit Chrijtus tn wcU« in other Rmmtu 

gbria. Amen. The Mori ® at the Beginning rf 4fW\ ^SJjf 

of the Infcription is no Letter, but Hands for the " Mr ^ 1 p uiIaim "^ 

Croft, in thofe Superftitious Times it being reck- Cbajxi or cimh ofRn^ 

on'd almoft an unpardonable Omiffion to leave out w **» *"»**. 
the Sign thereof^ and they were indue'd to ufe 



• See Monafi. Angl. Tom. 1. p. 934. b. 

this 



ia6 dm Account effima AktifMee 

this Cujhm the more readily upon Account of the Hofy War 
carrying on againft die Infidels. Unleb they often fign'd 
themfelves with the Croft, and plac'd the Figure of it both 
at the Beginning and End of their Writings, they did not ex-* 
fpe& good Succeft. Hence at the End of the Infariptien we 
have alio the Form of the Crofs, the' exprefs'd differently 
from what 'twas at the Beginning. They us'd various Firms 
for representing it, which was very often left to the Pleafura 
of the Writer, Ingraver, and other Artiftu We have it in 
the Saxon and other early Ceyns of this kingdom ; and 'tis tt* 
that we are to attribute the vaft number of Crofts in the 
Danijb Monuments publifh'd by Wormius. The like Cuflwm 
prevaiTd in other Countries. Yet in the Saxon Times King; 
Mlfred abolifli'd a great many grofi and akfurd Cu/hms, and 
introdue'd a more perfect manner of War/hip. But the &• 
(hop o£Rome did not approve of what he did in that Cab % 
nor did his Succeffors take care to improve what he had ft» 
happily begun, but permitted the fame Ignorance and Super* 
JKtion to break in again > and in the (pace of fome Years it 
had prevaiTd fo much as to have firange aud even blajpbe- 
mous Petitions made to die Cro/s, and the Virtues of it were 
mark'd out, exemplify'd, and difphu'd in writing, and Indul- 
gences granted from Rome to fuch as fign'd themfelves with 
it. This may partly be feen in an old VeUam Roll, written 
about three hundrea Years ago (by an ignorant Scribe) ia 
Englijb and Latin, and now in pofleffion of the Reverend 
Mr. Jofiab Pullen, Vice-rriudfal of Magdalen-Hall Oxok. 
At the Beginning of this Ron, (which formerly belonged to 
Dr. Langbain, and afterwards to Bifliop Barlow) are foveral 
Juperftitious Pictures of our Saviour, St. Voronice, the Crowe 
of Thorns, &c. The Qrofs is feveral times defcrib'd upon it^ 
but in every Place it is done in the feme manner. I have 
likewife feen other RoHs of this nature, and in feveral Cby~ 
mical MSS. we have Addrtfos made to die Oofs, as a <tt- 
reft and fure way far fuch as are ingag'd in thofe tefebfi 
Studies to obtain their Defires and be made perfoB in that 
Art. 'Twas from the Virtues fuppos'd to be in the Crofi 
that the Figures of it were made aa proper Maris to diftin- 
guifh the Bounds oiParifim* which Cufiom is ftill put in 
pra&ife, and has been continually us'd from die firft Original 
of Parijbes in Enffand* In the more ancient S/oro, pub- 
lifli'd by Fabrettiy the CW/x is made in a different manner 
from any Figures of it tnat I have feen upon the middle- 

a£i 



h and aha** Oxro rd, 127 

agd Stones ; but he mentions this Form jr as rart 9 tho' 

A&ntenhis, in his Difcourfe upon that Subject, infinuates that 
lie met with it often in the fame Pofture *. Twas alfo out 
of Reverence to the Crofi that formerly in Printing fomctimcs 
they made ufe of this Mark >p ^>r a Signature after the Al- 
phabet was compleated ; of which we have an Inflance in 
Plinfs EpiftUs printed In Folio at Venice by Joannes Fercel- 
lenfis, with Cataneeusfs Notts, An. mdxix. And this is all I 
have to obferve with refpeft to the Characters on Rewfy- 
Stone, only I think it convenient to remark that the Note 
after fecit may be read either quojus or op«r. But I rather 
approve of the latter, the former Reading being more an- 
cient, and not made ufe of at that time when this Stone was 
cut ; and yet in JMSS. of later Date we have quo ejus for cu- 
jus, particularly in one of Tully de Divinations at lib* I. 
$.271. As for the Points after the Words, it may be look'd 
upon perhaps as a vain Curiofity to fay anv thing about them ; 
yet I cannot but obferve in fliort that Words are diftinguiih'd 
from one another by three Points in a Greek Monument above 
a 1 60. Years old, Dublifh'd by Montfaucon in his Palaogra- 
pbia Grmay, ana he mentions }a MS. written a little be- 
fore our Rewfy-Stene was ingrav'd, 1 with the fame fort of 
.Paints. That which is more material, is the Foundation of 
the Chapel or Church at Rewly, which was dedicated to the 
Virgin Mary ; and 'tis from this Stone only that we learn, 
that the Foundrefs of it was Ela Longefpe, a Lady of eminent 
Virtues, and famous for her Benefactions to divers Places. Sit 
IViUiam Dugdale has given an Account of her in his Hiftory 

m See FabrettPs Inscriptions pag. '563. fi 'Tis in Bibl. Bodt. 
foper Art. A. 2. y Page 134. /Ibid. pag. 138. 1 with the 
fame ion of Points.] The like Points occurr alio on divers Monu- 
ments after the Conqueft, and particularly in the following Infcri- 
ption that was fent to me by my learned Friend (before mend* 
on'd *) Dr. Richardson of Torkflnre % concerning which he 
writes thus in a Letter (I received from hipi) dated July 16. 
1712. " — I think myfelf obliged to make good my Promife in 
•• fending you the Infcription I named to you, lately found in dig* 
•* ging amongft the Rubs of the Priory of Kirkleys % now the Seat 
44 of Sir John Armytage Baronet, And though I take the Antiquity 
*• by the Letters not to be above 300. Years Handing (but in this 

* See Vol. ift* pag. 14s, 
x "Hub- 



128 An Account of fome Antiquities 

of the Baronage ; but he had met with no Papers or other 
Monuments to fliew that {he founded the Chapel at Rewfy. 
She died in the Year mccc. « and was interred, as we learn 
from this lid. Vol. of the Itinerary^ before the High-Altar in 
the Abbey-Church of Ofney. Where alio her Heart was bu- 
ried j and not at Rewfy, as is conje&ur'd by Mr. Wood ft. 

" I fabmit to your Judgment) yet the Pointing, and fome of the 
" Letters, being Angular to me, I could not paCs them by without 
" Notice. The Stone was broken in the middle by the care- 
"lefs Workmen, and a Letter or two broken out; but I take the 
" whole to run thus: N. B. JDOUCe 3*fti t» jftajatetft 8tt0 

"hiqcp a Cttfabetjj fee fetaptttatt jatri* prion* He 

" ttft ^Mfiftl, (viz.) fneet Jefns of Nazareth have mercy upon 

" Elifabetb of Staynton fome time priores of this boufe. " Thus 

my excellent Friend. What he fays is truly judicious, and I have 
nothing to object agalnft it, unlefs it be that I think we cannot 
conclude from the Letters, that the Monument is not above 300. 
Years (landing. But as to the precife time when Elifabetb of 
Staynton dyed I cannot pretend at prefent to determine, having not 
had an opportunity of looking over the Regtffcers of this Religious 
Houfe. Nor do I remember to have met with any mention about 
it in Mr. Doaftoortb's Collections. The matter however may per- 
haps be determined by Dr. Jobnfton** MSS. All I (hall remark 
now is that whereas in the Charter of Reinerus Flandrenfis in the ' 
Monafiicon Anglicanum * there is no Note added what time it was 
that the faid Charter for founding this Priory was granted, it ap- 
pears from this Memorandum [H. 2.] in the Margin of Mr. 
X. Dodfwortb'% Tranfcript of this Charter + that it was in the 
Reign of Henry II. and I wonder how this ufeful Particular came 
to be omitted by the Publifher of Mr. Dodfwortb** Papers. I 
mull moreover take this opportunity of doing this farther piece of 
juftice to Mr. Dodftoortb as to correct fome miftakes in printing 
the faid Charter. For whereas in lin. 43. it is printed Entitles 
it mould have been Kut bales. In 1. 47. for petrofif . . • lanvus 
ii fie is only petrofi . . . . GT fie in Mr. DodfwortVt Copy. la 
1. 48. for ad Bin chela nd mould be read ad Blacbelanam ; in 1. 50. 
Liverfey &f Hertejhevet for Liver/eg iff Hertejbenet; in 1. 58. 
Efyas for Elgas; in 1. 59. Ormi for Ormy ; and laftly in L 61. 
Helias de Wivelai for Hehas do Winelai. a See Mr. Leland** Colt. 
MSS. Vol. II. p. 286. fl In fome MSS. Papers in the Afbmo- 
lean Mufiutn. 

N. B. The plate it in the oppofite page. 

• Toco. I. p. 487. b. f VOe coll, MSS. R. Vhdjvmbi in Bibl. Hb,i. 
p. 487. 

in 



In and about Oxford. 
But tho' jbc be qienqon'd in the Stone as Foundrefs of the Cha- 
pel of Rewiy 9 yet the Year when 'twas built is not exprefs'd ; 
fo that 'till tome certain Evidence appear, we muft be con- 
tent in this Particular with Conjtfture. 'Tis probable there- 
fore that 'twas ere&ed much about the fame time that the Ab- 
hey it felf was, which* as I obferv'd above, was in the Year 

MCCLXXXL 



I2f 




^ 




-T\/_ 
HI 






tpBWfld !& 



V9I. a. 



j 30 An Account of form Antiquities 

MCCLxrtxi. and, I believe, this was the Foundation Stone* 
being dug up in the Eaft Part of the Garden : and at the fame 
time they difcover'd the Trails of the Chapel* from whence 
they gatnerM that the Building now ftanding (by the Wa- 
ter) without the Garden was not Part of it. 

4. 5. Some time before Rewty-Stene was difco- 
An oU Mo***** tit- ver d, was found a Fragment of another old Monu- 

wSmfor.k ""iSe Bel bove a Mile Northwards from Rewly. This was 

me/kaiotu to it when found in the Gardens of Godftow under a JVahmt- 

** J**£k T ? nfc ; *>« that was rooted up by the dreadful Storm of 

^CittSZ*£ W** Nev. 26th. mdcciii. I did not fee it till A- 

Oxpord. King jot* a pril Mpccviu. atwhichtime I writ down the 

£&**%> 5 G Z*t** hrotm Infcription* and in May laft I took the Arm 

27d 1. iffif jEE of Ae tour,' at which time a Young Gentleman of 

mem of C«jfcw per. St. jWwVCollcge, Mr. RlCHARD RAWLlNSON, 

hapt relatet neither to w jj ; 8 a Lover of Antiquities* was pleas'd to pro- 

XfaJ fti h." «» it for his own ufe, and 'tis now, at the Ex- 

oniy a Grove-Stom. penfe of his Brother T h o m a s Rawlinson, 

of the AftdtUe Temple* Efq; a Gentleman of very 

great Curiofity, faithfully represented to the Readers. By 

which we fee that we have nothing more than Godeftowe una 

Chaunterie I ...... . preferv'd of the Infcription* the 

laft Letter whereof I take to have been the Initial Letter of 
the Perfon's Name to whofe Memory the Monument was ere£t- 
ed, and at firft I pitch'd upon Ida* or Editha* a very devout* 
pious and religious Lady* who is faid to have founded the 
Benedictine Nunnery here, and at the fame time to have built 
a convenient and decent Church. Twas confecrated to the 
Honour of the Virgin Mary and St. John Baptifi in the Year 
Mcxxxviu. which was the fourth Year of the Reign of King 
Stephen. The Ceremony of Con/ecration was perform'd with 
great Solemnity by Alexander Bifliop of Lincoln* (in whofe 
Diocefs the Nunnery wasfituated ) the King himfelf, die S$ueen* 
the Arch-Bifliop of Canterbury* and feveral others of the 
chief Nobility* as well as Prince Euftace* the King's Son, be- 
ing personally prefent. At the lame time many and large 
Contributions were made for Endowment of the Church and 
Nunnery* and Editha her felf became the firft Abbefs* tho' 
we do not find what Contributions were made by her. With- 
out doubt they were very confiderable* fhe being, in all pro- 
bability, a Lady of Wealth and Fortune. This is certain, that 
the Ground^ upon which this Nunnery flood, was not origi- 
nally her's, but belonged to one of the St. Johns* who, out 

• of 



afrjzvBcaRia 

to 

a 

i 

P 



}W.*/>*pQO 




Rd^rmentuin hocce MONUMENTI perz 
:vetufti,mHorti$IVioratiM de GO&ES&OWE 
prope OXtf5V2?<5£S7^ Anno MDCC Ill.vi fara 
Temp e flat is 1 emtum, fumptibu* fui$ in a?s 
incfdi cumvit THOMAS* RAWLIN$ON 

Armiffer,Medii Templi j£)W3)&em7 Socitxft 
&C£h CCStC&VirervuLitxxs, et diligentia atc^ 
peritia in cong*erelid& optimse nota? librorum 
Supellecrtile dlartxtf. 



hand about Oxford. 131 

of his Zeal for promoting of Religion, was pleas'd to give 
it to this Lady in Frant-jflmoigne for ever. Of all which 
there is a particular and diftincl Relation in the Monqfticon y 
where likewiib the Names of the feveral Contributors or Be- 
nefaclors at the Dedication, which fell out upon Eafler-Eve 
ire (pecifyM out of the Regifter of Godftow \ one of which 
Benefaclors was Ehvine Fitz-Godegofe, who impropriated to 
it the Church of St. Gt&f inOxFORD, that himfelf had 
founded a little before, and gave befides 18. Solidat* of 
Land lying above South-Bridge in Oxford. We do not 
find where this Lady was buried ; but, if I am not miftaken, 
'twas at Godftow j and I conjedur'd that the Stone before 
mentioned might relate to her Foundation, and have been 
ere&ed either before her Death, as 'tis frequent to have 
Honorary Monuments put up upon fuch publick Occafions, or elfe 
to have been a Funeral Monument, and to have been plac'd 
foon after her Deceafe* But as this is nothing more than Con- 
jtclure, fo I am not fond of it ; and the rather fo becaufe 
Thomas Walfingham in his Upodigma Neujlri* tells * us in ex- 
prefs words, that this Nunnery of Godftow was founded by 
King John 5 thereby depriving Ida of the Honour due to 
her, and fixing it upon one of the Sons of King Henry the 
II 4 . to whom the famous Rofamund Clifford was Concubine, 
and was here buried. Walfingham farther adds, that the oc- 
cafion of the Foundation was, that Prayers might be put up 
for the Soul of the faid Rofamund. Why may not therefore 
the / in the Infcription relate to King John, and be under- 
ftood of him ? Vet what is aflerted in Walfingham is not to 
be fo taken, as if King John were the Original Founder of 
this Nunnery, (it being plain from the Regifter that he was 
not) but only that he became a confiderable Benefaclor to 
it, and inlarg'd the Revenues and Allowances that had been 
before fettl'd upon it. 'Tis likely that he added a Chantery 
or Chapel for two or three Priefts, and ordered a fuitable Sa- 
lary for performing the proper Offices in behalf of Rofamund. 
Gratitude to the memory of his dead Father (befides other 
Religious concerns) would not permit him to negled this 
A& of Charity. Befides we have other Inflames of his per- 
forming the ah dels. I muft however confefs, that this 
Interpretation of the Infcription is built no lefs upon conjec- 
ture than the former; and for that reafon I do not exfpeft 



Pag. 56. of Arch bifliop Partial Edition. 

1 2 that 



tyi An Account of feme Antiquities 

that it fhould be Iook'd upon as Authority no more thah I 
do a third Conjedure, which I beg leave to add, namely that 
it may be this Stone has no manner of Relation to either of 
thefe Benefaftions. For if it had reference to Ida, 'twould 
not be ftyf'd a Cbantery, but either a Nunnery or Church. And 
had it belong'd to Ki fig John, 'tis reafonable to think that 
the Monument would, have been of better Stone, and been 
wrought and poltfh'd after fuch a manner as would have been 
equal to his Royal Dignity. The Letters (as far as we can 
judge by what remains of the Stone) are plac'd juft as thofe 
are that are feen upon old Grave-Stones, and fome other 
circumftances would move one to thihk that it lay fiat upon 
the Ground, and was nothing elfe but a Grave-Stone. But 
granting it were a Grave-Stone, yet it muft be withal allow'd 
that the Per/on on whom it was laid was a Bem/keJer to the 
Place, and ereded a Chanterie (une Chaunterie) himfelf at 
his own proper Chorees, or elfe joyn'd with fome other well 
difposM Per/on in fuch a publick h8t of Charity. 

§. 6. As to the prefent Remains of God/low, they 
The other Aotipi- ferve to little other ufc or purpofe than to (hew 
22/cJMZ that 'twas a Pbce formerly of c«fi4*r*bU E*tm, 
exflant there. Mr.ifW- and to raife m us a Veneration for the SwUfity, 
muTt MSS. CUteeti&tu. Piety, and Generofity of our Ancejlers. On the 
North-fide there is a good Part of one -fide of a 
Tower (which was the Tower of the Church) ftanding, and 
on the Eaft-fide is a fmatt Room, on the Floor of which lye 
two Stone-Coffins, and on the WaUyo&L above them are writ- 
ten the Verjes in Latin and Eneli/b, which are commonly 
handed about in memory of Rojamund. Tis reported that 
' one of thefe Coffin* was that in which Rofamund her felf waft 

laid, and the other that which was prepared for her Keeper. 
But this we are to look upon as no more than the Fidion 
of the Vulgar. *Tis however likely that the Coffins were dug 
up here, and were thofe in which two Nwms, or two other 
Perfons (for others were interrM here befides the Members 
of the Nunnery) had been buried ; but for Rofamund her felf, 
flie was wrapt up in Leather and put in a Coffin of Lead, 
according to the Cuftom of thofe Times «. She was flrft of 
all buried in the middle of the §hfire, and, as Hoveden informs 
fi us, her Tomb was cover'd with Silk, and furrounded with 



« See Monaft* Angl. Tom. T. p. 528. b. fi Ibid. Brompton fays 
thz lame thing alfo in the Reign of King Richard the Firft. 

Lamps 



In and about Oxford. 133 

Limps and Tapers; but 'twas, after it had continued in that 
condition for feveral Years, remov'd out of the Church by 
the cxpreft Order and Direiiion pf the Bifhop of Lincoln* 
who thought it a moft abominable and infufferable Propha r 
nation of the Church, that the Body of fo debauch 1 d a Perfop 
Ihould remain in it. After §t tl^s Removal, it continu'd at 
reft, 'till, about the time of {be Reformation, when ' 'twas 
taken up, as Mr. Leland bimfelf acquaints £ us, and at the ' 

fame time a Stone was found with it, on which was this /»- 
fcriffion: Tvmba JIosamykdje. Which is a different 
Infcriftion from this common one : 

/£?<• /***/ /a Tumba Rofa mundi, non Rofa munda : 
Hon redplet, fed okt, y fu? redolere Jolet, 

But the latter poffibly is the Epitaph that was iue'd in the 
Squire of the Qhurcb before the Body W4* remov'd. Mr. Z*- 
/*«£ I think, faw the Stone himicjf, ajid Ue tells us that, 
when her Coffin was open'd, they found her Bones in it, and 
that a very /weet Smell came from it. But he 4oes not con- 
firm the vulgar /lory of x>ne of Jthe present Stow being hqr 
Coffin, but plainly dtfjagutfhtth between (both, making the 
Stone to be only a Sepulchral Monument, fie has not thougbjt 
fit to inform us what became either of the Q^fc or the Stone; 
tbo' tis probable it fell into /tfee Hawk of fooie Zealots, who 
would not fuffer any dung to efcape their Fury and Indigna- 
tion that they thought favoured at all of Popery. 'Tis to that 
Fun that we owe, in great meafure, the lofs of fo many 
noble Monuments, fome of which have been refcu'd from 
Deflruclion by the laudable Indufiry of Mr. Stowe, Mr. IVeever, 
Mr. Somner, Sir William Jjugdale, aryi others ; and more 
would have been handed down to Pejlerity, had Mr. JVeever 
liv'd to finifh his Travels, or to have puhlifh'd another Vo- 
lume or two from his Colk&ons, which, after his Death, 
came to his Nephew, Mr. Caltkarn, who liv'd in Little-Bri- 



« Rofamunda Meretrix Hcnrici 2. dixit fe falvam furaram poll 
Mortem, fi Arbor iila quam oftenderat viridem in Suuxn muta- 
rctur, quod paucu poft Annis evenit. Apod Goditow enim hodie 
oftendirur Lapis. Tho. Rudborne (qui vixit 14 12) in Notis ali- 
quot a Camdeno eolle&is in Cod. MS. fol. penes me, pag. 93. 

i8 In a Paffage out of fome of his Papers, publiuVd in the 
Monaft. AngL loco fupra citato, y Quod both in Hsgdentnd 
Knighton. The Miftake was occafion'd by the Abbreviation. 

» 1 3 tain 



134 An Account of feme Antiquities 

tain* ; and at length a fi dopy of his printed Book with large 
MSS. Improvements, by the Author (as I am infbrm'd) him- 
felf, was fortunately procured by that curious CoUe&er of Books* 
whom I have before mention'd, Mr. Thomas Rawlinsow 
of the Middle-Temple. 

Pr^nJ dial * jww iwk * §:J* Tho ' &>/***** was buried at 
oi^&fate£± G^,yetihediedat^^lin 
far the moft put kept dofc to Truth, a moft ftaaous and large Apartment 
Wi Life of CMW mfo. R*f*. wrought in all refpeas with great An 
ffi2tttt»^K Mkc a ^*^A, Tat Kingly the 
suwihip. Dr.PArfunderiAfj^. II. had causd to be made, on purpofe 

to fecurc her from the AJfauhs and Vio- 
lence of Queen Eleanor, who neverthelefs, if we believe the 
common Report, found out the PaJJage and immediately poy- 
foned her. But John Brempten and Henry Knighton tell us 
that (he dyM a Natural Death* and that it happened Coon af- 
ter (he had been inclos'd in die faid Apartment. The fame 
thing is alfo aiferted by Remulph fSgden y. Perhaps the £>*"»<> 
laving fo jnft an occafion to be offended at her, mig&t be 
the caufe of it ; yet neither of thefe Authors mention it as 
being contriv'd by her : nor do they fay that 'was effe&ed 
by Poyjbn. Other Authors of much later Antiquity have 
fallen into the fame mi/lake, and amongft thofe in EngHjb 
mull be reckon'd a Book call'd, %ty fittt Olttl ftcotlH 

|0art0 of ftinjj Edward tge jfottrtft, containing fji* 
meet* 3&afttme toitj& t|je <Canrat of Tamworth, a* 
alio ftte lobe to fafce S&tittttt Shore, j&er great pro- 
motion, jtall ant) $tfrrie, and laWp tfie lamentable 
3pjeat& of 5et an* jjer $ti*batife. &c This Book was 

printed at London in mdcxiii. in 8 ro and is now grown 
fcarce. There are fome Romantick Ajjertions in it, of which 
this of Rofamunds dying a violent Death by Poyfon is one }; 



« he in Cbartis MSS. Smithianis, penes me. ft Since the 
Writing of this Mr. Rawlinfon tells me that he hath a Weever, 
at the End of which fome few MS. Additions are written in the 
Table \ but at the End follow fome Heraldry Writing, but he 
cannot tell of what Hand. He fays the Copy was the famous 
Sr. Edward Deering's formerly, as by the Annes appears, y In 
Polycbronieo, MS. in fiibl. Bodl. inter Codd. Laudines, C. 117. fub 
Henrico lido, f In the fecond Part, in the left Page of the Sig- 
nature P, for the Book is apt pag'd by numbers* 

v others 



In and about Oxfoku. 135 

otherwise *tis a Book ,of value, and more Authority is 
to be given to it, than is given to Poetical Books of late 
Years. The Poets of thole times, for the moil part, 
kept clofe to Truths and did not think it for their Credit 
and Reputation to corrupt matter of Faft with the Ad- 
ditions of Fancy and Fable. They thought they had per- 
form'd the Parts of a Poet to good Advantage if they put 
their Collections into Rhime, without any thing of G^/}, where- 
by to abufe the Reader and lead him into Error. 'Tis for 
that reafon that StoreYs Book of the Life and Death of Car- 
dinal Wolfey, written in Englijb Verie and printed at Lon- 
don in mdxcix. in ten Sheets in Quarto, was much efteem'd 
and cry'd up* 5 and if it can be met with ( for 'tis become 
very rare) 'tis poffible fome good Hi/foricai Remarks may 
be collected from it, in order to the writing of a jujl and 
faithful Account of the Life and Death of this Great Car- 
dinal; tho' the chief Bufintfe being to defcribe him as a 
Minifter of State, who had the file Management and Di- 
rection of the Affairs of England for feveral Years, the beft 
materials are to be exfpeded from the Manufcritt Papers and 
Parchments in the Cottonian Library, in the Rous, in the Ex- 
chequer, and in other Offices of Record, which ought to be 
diligently and carefully fearch'd and examin'd, before fo 
great and defirable a work can be compleated. But (that I 
may get out of this DigreJJion, into which I have been led 
by citing the Book concerning KingEdward the IV th .) as 
foon as King Henry heard of the dtfmal news of the Death 
of this unfortunate Lady, he became a great Benefactor to the 
Nunnery of God/low, which was chiefly occaiion'd by the 
Ajffe&ion he bare to Rofamund. Her Father was a Perfon 
of a very noble and gentile Education. He had imbib'd Re- 
ligious Principles, and, however unhappy in his IJfue, was 
a Man of a virtuous Life, and maintain'd a good Character. 
He was himfelf a Benefaftor to this Place, and was bu- 
xied at it in a Grave clofe by his Wife, who died before 
her Daughter Rofamund. King Henry fpar'd no Co/Is that 
the Tumb of this Lady, whom he fo much admir'd, not only 
upon account of her exquifite Beauty, but for the Sweetnefs 
of her Temper, fbould be adorn'd and fet out with the ut- 



« See Atlen. Oxon. Vol* I. col. s8o. 



136 An Account of firm Antiquities 

mofl Magnificence, that no Reflexion might be made upon his 
Royal Character, as if he were forgetful and unmindful of her 
after her Deceafe. This Affetlion made him fo careful of her 
while living, that he prefently provided her of every thing 
that (he defir'd. One of the Prefents he made her was the 
rich Cabinet that is mentioned by Higden, Brompton and 
Knighton to have been prefervM in their time at God/low, on 
which were reprefented the Figures of allforts of Champions, 
with all Kinds of Animals done to the beft Advantage. Ci/la 
ijufdem puelLe vix bipedalis menfuree,fed mirabiBs arcbitetlur*, 
ibidem cemitur, in qua conflidlus pugilum, geflus animalium, 
volatus avium, faltus pifcium, abfque hominis impulfu, confpi- 
ciuntar. Dr. riot « makes ci/la here to relate to her Tumb, 
and he tranflates it by the EngUJb Word Coffin > but I think 
with all due refped and regard to the Judgment of that in- 
genious and learned Man, that Fabian /§, Grafton y, HoUinf- 
7>eadt, and others with much lefs Abfurdity make it to be a 
fmall Coffer, or Cabinet, of two Feet in Breadth. For had 
it been her Coffin, is it at all probable that it would have 
be~n permitted to have flood with fuch Figures on it in die 
mojl Holy Fart of the Church f Is it likely that a Coffin, on 
which were to be feen fuch odd Pojlures of Men and Ani- 
mals, would have been fuffer'd to ftand in a confecrated 
Chapel, or that die Religious of thofe Times, efpecially thofe 
of this Nunnery ( who were famous for their Chaflity) would 
have given way that any PicJures, or other Representations 
of this kind, which were contriv'd rather for carrying on 
Amours and Lafcivious Intrigues than for advancing Religion, 
ihould be plac'd fo near their Eyes, to divert their Minds 
from a devout and holy Performance of their Religious Offices f 
Since therefore this does not feem confident with the Re- 
verence that is due to a confecrated Place, 'tis more rea- 
fonable, I am perfwaded, to understand ci/la of a Coffin, 
which, in all probability, flood in the Chapiter-Houfe wfcen 
Higden, Brombton and Knighton flourifh'd ; and 'twas in the 
Chapiter-Houfe too that her Tomb was to be feen in their 
times, it being frequently fhewn by the Nunns to their Re- 
lations and others who vifited z Place that Was much noted for 
fo illujbrhus a Lady. 



« Nat. Hift. of Oxford/hire chap. IX. §• 144. £ Cbron. p. 
J51, y Cbron. p. 6. $ Cbron. p. 115* 



§. 8. Ha* 



In and about O XT OH v. 13*7 

4. 8. Having nothing more at this time to ob- J*yw/d»up©na e»fi 
ferve concerning theMrmwry of God/hw, unleft it £3£T&j21S 
be that in the Reign of King Henry the VIII th . of ftfo jEdta^ Auiurt 
there flood hard by it on the Bridge a Crofs with tiff****. HkOc- 
this « Infcription, raStr * 

&u! meat hoc tret, ftgnumfahttis adoret^ 
ulf ue Jibi detur p veniam KofaJnunda preeetur: 
I lhall pafs on for about a Quarter of a Mile North-Eaft* 
where we meet with a fmall Church called Wotoercote^ or, as 
'tis exprefs'd in the old Valor Beneficiorum^ IValgarcote. The 
moft ancient, and indeed the moft conuderable, Monument 
that I have feen in this little Church is a Grave-Stone to the 
Memory of Mr. Edmund Rainolas^ M. A. and Fellow of Cor- 
pus Chrifti College, on which there is the following Infcri- 
ption : Hicjacet Edmundus Rainold in Artibus Magifter.Obiit 
31. Novembr. anno 1630. Jttutisju* 92. He was one of the 
Elder Brothers > of the famous Dr. John RmmUs) with whom 
he held a public* Dijbutation about Religion before Robert Earl 
of Leycefter in the Year mdlxxxiv. by which he gain'd 
great Honour and Reputation. He was a Man of excellent 
Learning, of a found and clear Underftanding, and of emi- 
nent Virtues. But being a Roman Catholic*, and therefore of 
different Principles from his Brother, he left Corpus Chrifti 
College and retir'd to Gbuce/ler-Hii), where (notwithstand- 
ing he had a good Eft*t*> lying at Woherate) he became a 
treat and noted Tutor. His letfure Hours he (pent in the 
Ixercifes of Devotion and in cmverfation with Learned Men, 
one of Whkh was the celebrated Mr. Thomas Allen f of the 
fame Hail. By this pious and virtuous Courfe of Life he 



« So in a Fragment publifh'd in Tom. I. p. 528. b. of the 
Mouajtieen Anglicanum from fome Papers of Mr. Leland in the 
Cottonian Library. /3 FofJan, ramr. y See Atben. Oxen. Vol. I. 
col. 721. as aifo col. 233, 234, 237. where Mr. Wood dots not 
fcem to have given a clear tnddifltni Account of the feveral Bro- 
thers. Nor doe) he correct himfdf, or fettle the Matter, after* 
wards, In the Life of Dr. Rahtofds, ibid. col. 189. fr Who died 
in the Year mdcxxxm. in the 90**. Year of his Age, as Mr. Wood 
informs «u, tho' Mr. WHRam Burton lays' in the 92*. Sce^Mr. 
Burton* % Funeral Oration upon him fpoken in the fubRck RefeBory 
of Gloueefter-H*W, and printed the fame Year at London in Quar- 
ts, together with another Speech that was fpoke by Mr. George Ba- 
tburft in the Chapel of fr/ffjgr-Colkge (of which Mr. Alien had 

been 



Jj8 An Account offome Antiquities 

knew how to defpife the flattering Glories of this WerhL> and 
to fee his Contemporaries and Familiars advanced to High Sta- 
tions and cpnfiderable Dignities, without the leaft ReJuelance 
or Envy. He was a mailer of his Paffions, and had no- 
thing to ruffle or difcompofe the ferene Temper and Tran- 
Juilito of his Mind\ only 'tis to be wifh'd that to compleat 
is Cbaracler he had continued firm in the Protefiant Religion* 
and had not, by his Defection, given any Caufe of Otjeclion 
againft him. Thefe extraordinary Qualities made him much 
admiVd, and the following EpitapB h defervedly infcrtcd 
upon a Brafs Plate, that is fix'd upon the Stone I have 
before mention'd: 

Ingens Oxonii Rainoldus gloria, notus 
Fratema fama, nee minus ipfe/ua: 
Magnus fortunee, virtutis major alumnus, 

Hie, Jed parte fui deteriore, jaeet. 
Mens caelum migravit, ut bine quoque preemia felix 
Sumat, virtutes ceperat undo fuas. 
By his conftant and careful Education and Inftruclion of young 
Gentlemen, he mightily improv'd and advane'd his Fortune. 
He had no Family; nor did a Jhricl and innocent Courfeof 
Life require that he fhould fpend largely upon himfelf. He 
had therefore the greater Store to beftow in Charitable Ufes, 
which he diftributed very chearfully and willingly in great 
Summs ; but his Charity was manag'd with all becoming Hu- 
mility ^ Modefty, and Chrifiian Prudence. Thefe Ads of Cha- 
rity occafion'd the enfuing Words to be ingravM on the Weft 
End of his Monument round an Oval Brafs Plate^ which is 
fince torn off and conveyM away by the Sacrilegious Hands of 
fome Fanatick, it may be one of thofe Puritan Reformers 



been Fellow J the fame Evening that he wis buried. Thefe two 
Speeches fhould have been reprinted in Bates's CoUe&ion of Lives. 
Mr. Allen being fo eminent an example of Modefty, Temperance, 
Humanity, Learning, and Judgment, as well as Indufiry in col- 
leaing oldMSS. (for thofe given to the Bodlejau Library by Sir 
Kenelm Digby were once his, befides a large ftock of others, that 
were difpos'd of elfewhere) hit Memory ought to be carefully pre- 
ferv'd ; and it might be of no finall fervice to Virtue and good Li- 
terature to have the Speeches printed again, with his Pielur x e before 
them from the Original (drawn to the Life) in the Pref dent's 
Lodgings of Trinity- College. To which other Things of the 
fame Nature might be annex'd. 

in 



In and about Oxford. J39 

in mdcxli :• Manum fuam aptruit inopi, & pahnas extendi* 
ad * pauperum. 

§. 9. We ought not to wonder that in the Church 
cS fVohercote there are no earlier Monuments of W+ma* jwthin* 

of Eafe to St. Peters Church fi tn the Eajt Oxon. Eaft Oxford. That 
bo 'tis exprefsly calPd in the old Valor Beneficio- matter formerly contrf. 
rum y, that I have hefore cited. And for that rea- J* * k A*?* JpSi 
fon in former Times the Inhabitants of fFohercote ny*™*. 
always buried their Dead at St. Peter' s^ and were 
reckon'd JutyeB to and dependent on it. Divine Service was 
celebrated and perform'd in it by a Chaplain, who was no* 
minated and appointed by the perpetual Vicar of St. Peter's 
Parijb 3 who fatisfy'd and paid him out of his own Expenfes* 
and had a Power 01 removing him at his Pleafure. Whenever 
the Bodit, Reefy Bel/He and Ornaments of St. Peter's were 
decay'd and needed Repair 9 the Inhabitants of Wotuercote 
always us'd to pay and contribute the third Part of the Charges 
and Exbenfes upon fuch Qccafions j and the thing was never 
difputed nor contefted 'till the Year mccccxiu, which was 
the Beginning of King Henry the Fifth's Reign. At that time 
the Bedie and Reef of the Church being run to ruin and de- 
cay, the Church-Warden^ out of a true fenfe of their Duty* 
and a juft Regard to their Credit and Reputation, took ef- 
fectual Methods to have them repaired, the full Expenses of 
which came to 60. Nobles, the. third Part whereof they 
charg'd, according to Cuftom, upon Wotoercoti\ but the 
Wardens of the Church or Chapel of Wobuercote thinking that 
this was an unrea/enahle Impofition 9 and that the cuftom was 
owing originally to Incroadment, they peremptorily refus'd 
to pay their Share. Upon this a Suit of Law commene'd, 
and 'twas given againft the Inhabitants of Wohercote by Mr. 
John Barton the Arch-deacon of Oxford's Official. This 
fo incens'd and inrag'd them that they prefently appeal'd 
from his Sentence to the See of Rome, and prefented a Re- 
monftrance of Grievances to the Pope. The Pope at that time 

« Lege, p*uperem % vtlfaupercs. fi Which was given to Mer- 
tn College by King Hen. JH. ia 1 266. y In BiW. Boil. Holy- 
Well in Oxford was lifcewife another Chapel of Bafe to St. Peter's. 
For thus the Thing is exprefe'd in the Faluation-Book : Ecclefia 
fanBi Petri Orientalis Oxon. cum capeUa de Halywett & Walgar- 
cote, 60. Marc. - — Viceria qufiem \JciL Bcclefiee S. Petri Orion- 
t*Us] loo./el 

was 



146 An Account effome Antiquities 

was >fr» the XXIII*, or, as others call him, the XXIV** 
He refers the Matter to Dr. Satbfe, Auditor of the Caujes of 
the Apejlolick Palace ; hot the Year after the Pope being de- 
pos'd by Che Council of CorUtance, a new Commiffion was 
granted by the fame Council to the Doclor, who then pro- 
* ceeded to hear the Probers of both Parties, and to receive 
the Depofitimts of the feveral Witneffes. The Prodor for St. 
Peter's represented the Matter very fairly, and ftated every 
thing with that deamefij that the DocJer 9 after z/edate and 
deliberate weighing of ail circumfiancesj could not but declare 
that the GhurxbJraraens of St. Peter's had aded /*>£ and 
regularly^ and that 'twas no ExacJim in, laying the third 
Part of the Burden upon Wotvercete. Accordingly he gave a 
definitive Sentence at Cmftance on the eleventh Day of De- 
cember in mccccxvi. that they ftouM pay the full third Part 
for the Repairs that had been made three Years before, and 
for the future always joyn with them as they had done for* 
merly, and bury their Dead alio at St. Peter\ as had been 
pradtis'd conftandy before this £«rf Coauncnc'd. TbckDifr 
ferences being thus, tho' not without Diffieuitie 9 campri* 
mis'd, on the eleventh of March following the forefaid Dn 
Sathfe amercVl the Inhabitants of Wolvercote 42. Pterins of 
Gold more, by way of fatisfiuSbon for the Great Trouble and 
Charge they had put the Gburcb-tVardens and others of St. Per 
tor's to in this Dijpute. 

4. 10. This is thtfub/tance of that Cantr$ver/y 9 
The Ixftntment con* as 1 have coUedted it from the hftrument concern* 
«ming thit Q*n**p } ng *, now prefervU with other Papers in a Cbeft 
^'S. W'tb in St - P**r*'Ckm*i but this is SMLthcOnginJ 
not the ori t itm!. St. Injtrument 9 but aa&y a copy of it, and the Tran- 
^!^f a ^t/T' JMher hath committed feveral Faults. After this 
£" ThTreaK^ />'«>*, the inhabitants <rf Wohercate were fore'd 
^^wtMrdidnotcon. to acquiefce, and to obferve the ancient Cujiem ; 
teft the Matter bdw. but 'twas broken again at laft, and they have ever 
&££££& fi»« that timejburfed \n *e Chr,* or Cbapd of 
cz/fi'thad been in the Werner cete 9 and not been chargd with any Part 
*>tofiTuanu of the Repairs of the CAarvA; inftead of which 

however by way of Acknowledgment they pay yearly 
the Sum of thcee Shillings and four Pence to St. Peter's. I 
Audi not enter fo far into the concerns of the Parijh as to in- 
quire, when 'twas that this Change began, and what was the 
Occqfion of ft. But that St. Peter's did willingly confent to it 
appears,^ in fome degree, from a Afaiirderted at the Begin* 
ning of the aforefaid Inftrument^ viz. A cempofttionfer 3 s . 4*4 
* per 



In and about Oxford. 141 

per annum to be paid by Wolvercote. This Note is not the 
Title of the In/hrwmenti but was added by a later Hand on 
purpofe to (hew that St. Peter 9 t compounded with Wefoer- 
ate for that Sum, and for the future would part wkh their 
Priviledges upon condition fuch a Sum was constantly and 
duly paid. The chief reafon of the contefl, before accounted 
for, having been die great Sum of Money (for fo 20. Nobles. 
was then reckon'd) that St. Peter's charg'd them with, we 
may fuppofe that there had not been any fuch expenfive Re- 
pairs fince it's firft Foundation by St. Grimbald. They did 
not grudge to contribute in finall Summs 9 but when they 
came to be large, they look'd upon it as an Hardjkip, and ■ 
thought k worth their while to examin the Jufhufs of the 
Claim. Or it may be, St. Peter's being once the Univer/ky- 
Church, the Expenfes for Repairs and other things of that 
kind might be defray'd by the Scholars, and fo there would 
be no Difference between Wolvercote and St. Peter's upon 
that Score. St. Grimbald feems to have founded the Church 
on purpofe for the ufe of the Univerjtty y notwithstanding it 
be not egprefs'd in the famous Pajjage of Affer 9 by which we 
are affur'd that he was the founder. So that tho' it was made 
a Parochial church, yet being defign'd principally for the 
Univerfity, 'tis likely certain Rules or Orders concerning it's 
continual Repair were drawn up, which were to be pun&ually 
obferv'd by the Members of the Unsverfity* and the Parijh- 
ioners were not burtfaen'd any farther than as concern'd their 
own Affairs exclufive of thole of the Univerjky. Here Di- 
vine Service was publicity celebrated for the whole Univer* 
fity, and Degrees were confcrrM, and other Scbolaftic Bufinefi 
performed in it in the fame manner as had been formerly prac- 
tise in the Church of St. Giles «• For tho' I have infmuated 
above /s that St. Giles's Church was built by Ekvine Fitz Gode- 
pfe 9 yet there had been a church long before his time in the 
fame Place but dedicated to a different Saint y. This is what 
is maintain'd by feveral of our beft Antiquaries and 'tis ex- 
preftly aflerted akb by Thomas Rodham in his Chronicle of Hyde 
AM>ey. It had been deftroyM in die bloody Warrs and Revolu- 
tions that had frequently happen'd, and was not rebuilt 'till 
Pitz Godegojoy out of hit great Devotion^ was pleas'd to i*n- 



. « So in a fragment of John Rofi that I have in MS. And the 
»me thing is mentioned from him by Twyne Afol. p. 11 8. fi J. 5. 
y Sccf»jw#lec.«Xt; 

dcrtake 



142 An Account ef firm Antiquities 

dertake it. The Univerfity at that time being fittiated be* 
yond St. Giles's Church, 'twas very fit that either that Church f 
or fome other as near, fhould be made ufe of by the Univer- 
Jky, and that they fhould not be put to the Inconvenience of 
going far upon fuch tubUck Occasions. 

§. 1 1. Tis probable, that in thofe early Times 
*$*tt*£ Ac Unhirfit, was feparate from the Town, and did 
babiJSty fepante from not on either fide joyn to it. The Founders of it 
the GVv. The reafon took their Pattern from the Eaftern Countries, and 

r^tifnTto J^£ *^ foUow ' d . Ac fcme Ctyk" M to Jt ' 8 DiJapSm. 
»us, and why there are The Academies and Gymnafia amongft die Greeks 
no Roman Cojw found were divided from their Cities, and that was the 
about u * reafon that their moft learned Men were buried in 

them, which would not have been permitted had they flood 
in the Cities? Buryal within them being prohibited by Solon* s 
Laws. The fame Prohibition alfo took place amongft the 
Romans upon Promulgation of the XII. Tables. For that 
reafon 'twas that Cicero built a moft goodly and pleafant Houfe 
at Puteoli «, which he call'd Academia, by way of Allufion 
to the College of that Name at Athens* Here he compiled his 
S^uetftiones Academic*, and he intended to have been buried 
at it j but Providence decreed otherwifc. Thofe that cul- 
tivated Learning amongft the Britains affe&ed Privacy, and 
they cautioufly avoided all Difturbance in profecuting their 
Studies. They delighted in Woods and Groves, and were 
much addided to Meditation. Nothing could better fuit with 
fuch Tempers than the pleafant Woods and Groves about Ox- 
ford ; whence 'twas that the Vniverjity was then ftyl'd Bel- 
lefitum or BeUefitum. The Woods have been fince deftroy'd, 
but we have an Account of them in fome of our Writers: 
And that they might avoid the Noi/e of the Town they plant- 
ed themfelves at fome diftance from it. None were permit- 
ted to dwell amongft them but Students, and fuch as the Con- 
veniences of Life required. Perhaps 'tis upon this Account 
that 'twas not made a Garrifon by the Romans* Being un- 
willing to create any Troubles to the Students, they might 
therefore forbid the Sofddiers from fettling at Oxford. 
Hence we may account for it's being omitted in Antoninus* 
Nor will it feem ftrange that Roman Coyns fhould not be 
found in a Place, which was not one of their Stations, Gar- 
rifons, or Forts. 



* See Plinfs Nat. Hijl. lib. XXXI. c. *» 

§. 12* 



In and about Oxford. 14. 3 

§. 12. Notwithftanding Oxford was neither 
garrifon'd, nor inhabited by the Romans, yet they £ he Roman: often call'4 
often pafs'd through it in their Journeys to other rf^P£*£^ 
P&ttj which thejr had made Garrifons. And 'twas to be fen very near it. 
for the fake of calling at it that they frequently <*#"*»« n PJ n « «°cient 
went out tf d» jnMr fa*. We have evi- g^^Vl* 
dent Traits of a Branch of one of their »w/» «/<grj «r& of Oxford. Some ag- 
upon Hcddington-Hill *. Tis there divided into A*« * ** £"'«* on it 
twoiW/, one whereof was the deephol^Waj JffiSftS&JE 
and the other was the /r^r which lyes by the Shirk, and Sir Andkxw 
Elm-Tree about the Top of the Hill, paffiftg Fountain's Diffirtau 
through the Gr*»«* betwixt that and Mar/Ion- |§^™; ^itw^%* 
£***, where 'tis very vifible, and fome of their The Original of zfor & 
Stones are now remaining. It feems £ once to ©» fan* %*. 
have pafs'd the River above Half-well Church, 
and to have went directly to the old Bellojitum. At that * 
time, therefore 'tis probable there were two Bridges over the 
River , one of which carry'd Travellers into the Univerfity, 
and the other into the City or Town. When the XJntverJtty 
and Town came to be joyn'd, the firft Bridge was deftroy'd, 
and the Way leading to it came to be difus'd. Twill not 
be thought abfurd that the hollow Way upon Heddington-Hill 
ftiould be wrought by the Romans, if it be confiderM what 
wonderful Pains the Souldiers took in breaking through Moun- 
tains and other Rough Places. Twas a Task commonly im- 
post upon them by the Generals* A great many Examples 
may be found in Bergierius's valuable Book de fublicis & mi- 
litaribus Romanorum viis, to which I refer the Reader, and 
inftead of more Obfervations concerning their Ways I fhall at 
prefent remark, that fome Years ago a thin Piece of Gold 
was found in St. Giles's Field in the Suburbs of Oxford, 
which has the fame Figure on both fides, and is taken by 
Dr. Phty to have been one of thofe Pieces that King Edward 
the Confeffor gave to fuch as he touch'd for cure of the Dif- 
eafe cafl'd the Struma or Scrofula. That King Edward the 
Confeffor was the firft, to whom God gave the Power of Heal~ 
ing this foul Difiemper only with a Touch of the Hand, is 
generally granted : and thofe that defire fuller and clearer 
Satisfaction may be pleas'd to confult Dt* Tookefs excellent 



m Dr. Plot's Nat. Vift. o! Oxro*D-SHfRE, c. x. §• 30, 
jl Dr. Plot. ibid, y Ibid. $. 27. 



(but 



1^4 An Account offime Antiquities. 

(butjcarce) Book, call'd Cbarifma five danum Janationis H*- 
gibus Angliae calitus conceffum *. But that this was one of the 
Gold Pitas that the lung gave upon fuch Occqfions is not 
allowed by the Ingenious Sir Andrew Fount aine 0, who is 
a great Matter of this fort of Learning. He could not fee 
any Greund or Foundation for fuch an Opinion j and yet Dr. . 
Plot was followM by Mr, y Walker. To render his Opinio* 
the more plauftble Dr. Plat tells us that over the Hinder Part 
of the Head are the Letters E. CO. which he thinks* are 
the Initial Letters of Edward the Conftjfor's Name. At the 
Chin he has reprefented + a, but gives no Explication of 
thofe two Figures. Sir Andrew Fountains as to 
the former three Figures does not vary from Dr. Plot j but 
as to the latter he differs in this that he has added to them 
two other Letters or Figures, as will be plain to thofe that 
(hall think fit to compare their Tables together* However 
tho' Sir Andrew was pleas'd to declare his Dijfent from 
Dr. Plot and Mr. Walker^ yet he was fo modejl as not to 
publifh his own Explication, nor %o tell us what he judg'd 
might give occaiion to this Relict. Three Years after the 
Printing of Sir Andrew's DiJJirtation, the ingenious Mr. 
Thwaites of J^wat's-College (to whom the learned World 
is indebted upon feveral Accounts) was pleas 'd to make 
divers Additional Notes upon the Saxon Coyns > and to pub* 
lifh them under this Tttie> Not je. in Anglo~Saxoa<un 
Nummos $. As he has in this fmall Tra8 obJig'd us with 
many curious and uncommon Conje&ures f fo, arnongft the reft, 
he has thought tit to let us know his Opinion about the Gold 
JPiece above mention'd. He takes the Letters about it to be 
Cazo, the meaning whereof he thinks is Cbrifius Alpha V 
Omega. I readily grant that Z in divers oldCojns {lands for 
& ; but it did not begin 'till after the Saxon Times ; I think 
'twas much about the Reign of King Edward the III. It 
owes it's Original, not to the Roman Abbreviation 7 for &T, 
(for that is one of the Notes in Tyro and Seneca at (he End 
of Gruter) but to the * in MSS. This Note f for & is alfo 



m Printed at London ft maxcvji. Qgirto. fi In his Differtatie 
EpiftoUris de Nummis Anglo-Saxonicis & Anglo -Danicis p. 162. 
of she III. Part of Dr. Hickcs's mefi (earned, jnMtwm 
and elaborate Work de Unguis Septeutrionalibus. y And by 
Mr. Evelyn too hi hi* Difcourfc of Models, psg. 84, 85. 
I £ Thcatro SbeUoniane, in a Sheet and an half in 8vo. 

in 



In and about Oxwom* .14$ 

fa hinted Books of fit Black Letter -, but both in MSS. and 
Printed Books 'tis oftentimes made thus t 9 which indeed is the 
more exa& Form f as reprefenting the e more perfticuoufly. 
In thofc Gpti of Edward the III. iifoiry the VI. £3^; 
which are infcrib'd with /mall Letters the * is feen. The 
Monetarii being ignorant of the Latin Tongue took it for %, 
and therefore in Coyns of the fame Kings circumfcrib'd with 
Capital Letters thev made it Z ; which fhould rather have 
been (if they would have exprefs'd the Ligature accurately) 
« ^ Yet none were fo critical and curious as to rectify the 
emftake. But there is no need to be fo particular in this 
Pointy fince I cannot (and yet I have often view'd it) find 
any fuch Note as Z upon this Relick. I difcover no other 
Letters upon it than Q o behind the Head, and juft under 
the Chin + a. Therefore confining my felf to thefe four 
Chara&ersf I believe Mr. Thtvaites will find it a difficult mat- 
Ur to produce Inftances in old Coyns and Medals where C is 
plac'd by it felf for Qhriftus : tho' I am not ignorant that 
the Fathers interpreted x in the SibylPs ixerx by x&wy 
thinking that by that Word U<nZs x&r*f ©t* h*< x**>f was 
fignifyd : wheftce 'twas that fome of them call'd our Saviour 
Ij&o* or Pitch. Other Abbreviations of that kind are fuppos'd 
to be in thofc Myflical Writings. In other Greek Monuments 
we have xc, for xfiztox, (an Inflame whereof Sir An- 
miw FoytfTAlNB has given in his Differtation ft) and in 
-Latin ones xfc, one of which it the Monument I have be- 
fore accounted for that was found at Rewlj. y In the old Mo- 



* if. Yet none nners to*] I am thoroughly convinc'd that this 
Ss the true way of making the Ligature for et from fome Collecti- 
ons of Coyns, particularly a Book in Mr. SeJdeifs Library > (4°. M. 
34. 7b.) where the G9*/ of feveral Nations are diftinltly accounted 
for. I find it fo represented alio in a £*«/& Coyn publiflTd by 
Janus Bircberodius in his Book de Equefiri Ordine Elepbantino 
(Hannke mocciv. fol.) in the fecood Table referring to page the 
1 a*. /S Pag. 163. y In the old Monuments of Fabretti, &c] 
Whoever frail think k worth his while to be curious in thefe Af- 
fairs, and to be exaBly usee in the different Abbreviations that 
were made nfe of in expreuwg the Names of our Saviour, the 
ATryfci Mary, the Afofiles and Ma* may be plcasM to confult a 
very curious Book that I have feen in the Bodlejah Library^ 
in Arch. C. 43. 'Tia a thin Fafo, and is printed in the Ruffian 
Language. There is a MS. Note at the Beginning of it, in which 

Vol. a. £ it 



146 An Account of feme Antiquities 

numtnts of Pabretti 9 Du Frefnt, and others we have this Mart 

sK for our Saviour (having been recexv'd from the time 

of Con/tontine the Gnat) and a and » put under. The fame 
Mark 'tis likely would have been plac'd upon this Monu- 
ment ^ if Cbrijlus Alpha tf Omega were deiignU to be figni- 
fy'd. Befides this 'tis obfervable that the Explication Mr. 
ibwaites has given is only in part. For as the Piece is 

{ublifh'd in Sir Andrew Fountaine, as well as in 
>r. Pietj there are Figuros and +, -which he takes not the 
the Itafl notice of. As for my own Opinion in a matter of 
fo much Obfcuritjj I readily agree with Sir Andre w that 
this cannot be one of the Gold Pieces given by King Ed- 
ward the Cenfeffor for touching the Evil ; but whereas he 
has not been pleas'd to propole his reafons for his Diffint, I 
fliall here offer two why I am inclin'd to differ from Dr. 
Plot and Mr. Walker. The firft is, that CJ o (for I obferv'd 
before that there is no £ upon it) cannot ftand for Con* 
f e s s o R, unlefs we will fuppofe this King to have been a 



it is call'd : Fnfti Mofcovitici per Imagines adumbratu The Cuts 
are all in Wood, and there are feveraJ Saints mention'd in it 00c 
heard of in other Countries. The Author of the aforefaid Note 
remarks that the Ruffians begin their Tear in September. Ru- 
theniae pefuli annum in die prime Septembris exordientts finiunt 
in Augufto. Several other Countries anciently did the fame, par- 
ticularly the Bitbynians, Cyprians and Papbians. Hence in an 
old MS. quoted by Henry Stevens, in the Appendix to his Greek 
Ibtfaurus (col. 225.) the fourth Month of the Cyprians and Pa- 
pbians is call'd iwt>. It fhould be read I«At>. This Month be. 
gan on the 24 th . of our December ', or on Cbriftmas-Eve * r and their 
firft Months ftyl'd A<ftoA<nav, began on the 24 th . of September. 
l»At> beginning juft at Chriftmas occafion'd that ftftival to have 
the fame Name even in divers Countries (that received many Cuf- 
toms from the Eaftern Peoplt) where the Beginning of the Tear , 

was vafily different, and where the Months obtain'd other Names. , 

Thus in Britain Chriftmas was call'd J>uli or yotft, which 
Name is retain'd in the North to this day. Jehul, gchol, or £eol, 
which is the fame Name, is in the Saxon Laws, as is obfervM I 

by Mr. Somner in his Saxon DiBionary. And Arch-biihop I 

' VJhtr has thought fit to note exprefsly, (in his Difertatio de Ma- \ 

tedonum & Afianorum Anno Solars [Lond. mdcxlviu. 8ro.} pag. J 

40 ) that it comes from IvAO-. ' 

Prince 



In and about O x 1 6 R ty. 147 

Prince much addifted to Vanity. Is it likely that (o pious, 
modefi, religious and Virtuous a King (for the Rigour he fnew'd 
towards his Mother in making her undergo the Fiery Tryal 
of Onfeal was the effecl of a Religious Zeal) would fuffer 
iiich Letters to be put upon his Medals or Coyns which carry 
in them manifeft Tokens of Oftentation f Tho' he had all the 
Properties of a Confeffor % ytt 'tis not probable he would af«* 
fume that7//Zf to himfelf. Tis more fuitable with the Cha- 
nufter of a £*«/ and m^j/? King, to prohibit fuch Infcriptiont 
to be inferted upon any of his Monuments ; and therefore 
'tis likely that this Title was given him after he was dead: 
And 'tis no fmall confirmation of this fuppofition that he 
is not ftyl'd Confejfor in any of his Other Coyns, (in which 
withal his Name appears at length ;) nor do I remember that 
any of our Htftorians relate that he had this Title given him 
while living in any of the Publici Monuments that were to 
celebrate and perpetuate his Memory* The fecond reafon of 
my Dijfent is this, that whereas there is the Greet Letter a 
upon this Gold Piece, 'tis very probable that the other Let- 
ters are alfo Greek. What therefore if + n CJ o be nothing 
more than XPIZTQ xothfi ? o for a is often in ancient 
Monuments ; as alfo n for o. Whence 'tis that in one of 
the old Statues preferv'd in the Gardens of the Lord Leo- 
ninfler in Northampton-Jbire (which is one of the mojl confi- 
da-able Collections of that kind in the World) we have 
XAnzTHPJQN for xapisthpion. And (if in this Cafe we 
may be allowM to co fo high) in the famous old Infcription 
of the Famefian Gardens (which Jofeph Scaliger has explaih'd 
with great Depth of Learning in his admirable Additions to 
Eufebius's Cbronicon) we have o for n. Upon which occa- 
fion Salmafius « notes that in the firft times amongft the 
Greeks they always us'd for *, the * being not brought 
into fafhion till afterwards. The fame thing is noted by other 
Antiquaries. After the « was invented indeed, the Cujlom 
difcontinu'd ; but after the time of Domitian, when other 
Corruptions of this nature arofe, it was brought into pra&ife 
again, and look'd upon as no Error to write hpoc for Hrnc. 
We have abundance of Inftances in MSS. If this Explication 
be allow'd, 'twill fuit well enough with Mr. Thwaites'% Con* 



« In duirum Infcriptipnum veterum Heredii Attici Rhetoris & 
Mtgitt* omjugis honori pofiurum Explicatione, pag» 53, 

K 2 jefiure 



I {ft An Account ofjome Antiquities. 

jitter* diitthc/^/r^rcfcntcduponitisthc^^itrrofc 
Saviour. This G*fi Piece oiight be worn about the Ntck of 
feme Awn* Per/on (for which purpofc the Holes in it were 
made) who thought that by this means he fhould the more 
cafily obtain the Divine AJftflance. Another Conjecture may 
be alfo advane'd, viz. that whereas on one fide of the Piece 
the a is plac'd before the +, the + may fignifie either the 
Crofs or our Saviour* and the O may be an Adverb of calling ; 
and then the Letters C5 o will ftand for xoxon or xqeon. Du 
Frefne in the DiJfertaUon that I have cited above takes no- 
tice of divers Coyns that had the Crofs on them by order of 
feveral of the moft wicked Emterors* who thought by that 
Method they fhould in feme degree attone for their Crimes. 
Should this prove fuch a Medal* the Figur$ of it will be die 
Image of feme confiderable Prince* who had been guilty of 
divers heinous Offences* and order'd ibis Medal tobeftruck 
on purpofc that he might fignify his Repentance* by apply- 
ing to and invoking either our Saviour or the Crofs. And 
that 'tis really the Image of feme Emperor* or Prince* and 
not of our Saviour* the triple Crown upon the Head feems 
to evince; whereas our Saviour is reprefented with Rays* 
about his Head* or with femething efre equivalent* both in 
MSS. and other Monuments of Antiquity. But thefe being 
nothing more than Conjectures* I lay no ftrefs upon them, 
bat defirc that every one would judge for himfelf, as 'tis 
highly requisite ki matters of this nature, which are ufually 
fo darktsA perplext. 

§»ix Leaving therefore the farther Confident 
tb^^Hof^i^ ^ on ?' this tmcunt Relick to thofe that have better 
jferoKB.' Sagacity and more Leifure* (only with this Adop- 

tion that they would compare.it with Scheffer's ex- 
cellent Difeourfe* De Urbibus tribus aureis in Scania erutis e 
terra m) I thall now call at the old Hofpital of St. Bartholo- 
mew* ftanding half a MHe Eaftwards from Oxford. This 
little HoJpitaT I £ take to have been firit founded by Queen 



« Holmise mdclxxv. 8w. ft I was told on Monday Night 
Jan. 29. 1 710 — 1 1 that they have a Charter in Oriel Coll. which 
(hews that I^ing Stephen wai founder of this Hofpital. But this 
Charter I have not feen. N Nor had the Gentleman that told me of 
it ever look'd upon it* 

Margaret* 



In and about Oxford. 14^ 

Margaret, Wife to King Edward the Firft ; but the Rules 
/he left tfaem being ftrangely negleded and tranfgrefs'd, and 
the Foundation not kept in that due Repair as ought to have 
been exfpe&ed, King Edward the Second vifited the Place, 
reformed the ^hnjes, and reduc'd all things again into their 
propfer Order* TTis for that neafon that he is commonly 
fcckon'd to have been the Founder. He fram'd new Orders 
and Statutes both for preferring the If ofpitai and for elefking 
fit and proper Members. Queen Margaret at the fame time 
fbe founded the Hojpitat buih alio a convenient Chapel 5 which 
being in a manner run to ruin in King Edward the Second'* 
Reign, 'twas theh rebuilt ; for which pious End John the 
Son of Laurence SeYthe (a Perfon of a religious and ifewrt 
Lift and Contoerfation) gave eighteen Maris, upon this 
Condition, that notwithstanding at that time he lay un- 
do- no fo<£& Infirmities he might be elefted into the Hof- 
pital whenfoever a Vacancy fhould fall out. This Condi- 
tion was accordingly obftrv'd, the King hitirfelf permpto- 
tih requiring and commanding it. Being fo great and con* 
fiderable a Benefactor, open his JDirfA he was buried, I 
think, in a Vauh at the Eaft End of the Chapel. This 
iltem$ * to to me to hav6 been the Vault that was difcover'd 
ten Years flncc, when one Mrs. Tubman 9 the Wife of Mr. 
George Tubman, was buried there. At the fame time three 
Stulh and a great many other Bones were taken up. Over 
the Vauh there lay a long Stone, without Infcription, part of 
Which hath been fmce turn'd into a Monument for the {aid 
Mrs. Tubman. By th£ Statutes of the Foundation one in 
Frlejts Orders was to be Chaplain. For his Pains he had fix 
Mdrli per annum altefflr'd him, which as it was a fuffciont 
Maintenance in thofe times, fo 'twas afterwards, unlefi I am 
fhiftaken, to be increased by the Overfeers of the Hofpital as 
the value of Corn and other things was raisM, that the Priejl 
6t Chaplain might not be reduc'd to Mi/ery and Want. The 
Chapel hd-e was formerly coverM with Lead, but in the late 
unparaMd Rebellion 'twas torn off and carry'd away by 
feme of thofe reftlefs and wicked Men, who call'd them- 
felves Saints, aftd were for pullirtg to pieces all Places where 
the Prayers Of the Church of England were read. At the 
fcme time they ftole the Bell, which us'd in thofe Times 



++**i—*mme*m 



•SfcH, 

K 3 to 



I£0 An Account of fime Antiquities 

to be rune to call the Members of the Hoftital to Pref- 
ers. As this Hofpital is fituated in a plea/ant and beakhf 
Place, fo in former Times, when the Plague happen'd ia 
Oxford (as it us'd to do frequently 'till the Raver Cher- 
well was cut into feveral Branches, and ftri& Orders were 
made for cleaning the Streets, and keeping them free from 
Swine 9 &c.) the Students of Gr/*/-CoJlege, to which the 
Hofpital belongs, (being fettl'd -upon them, I think, by 
way of a Rent-Charge) made it a rlace of Retirement, and 
liv d here in a Studious Condition with their Pupils till the 
Sicknefs ceas'd, 

ti4* If any one be defirous to fee 2. larger and 
Account of this Hofpital, he may have re- 
^hf^^buik 1 ^- " courfe to Ae Monajlicon. Several other Hifiorical 
foretheReigaof jfc»7 Peffages concerning it may be likewife colle&ed 
the II. The cbunb or from Mr. Wood. About a Mile and a half South- 

*^^>t™°Z ward ? from k was fitu * tc<J * c SenedUlim Nunnery 
Mt in the Jiagn *{ of Littlemore or Sandford. We have an Account 
Jfogr the III. aJfo of this in the Monafticon Anglicanum, and in 

the Notitia Monaftica, written and publifh'd by the 
learned Dr. Thomas Tanner Chancellor of Norwich. 
Yet we do not learn from either of thefe Books, nor from 
any other Books or Writings (that I have feen) who was 
(he Founder of it. From the Monajlicon however we ga- 
ther that 'tis as ancient as the time of King Henry the 
II. and perhaps it might have been built before. For the 
firft Charters there publifh'd fpeak of it as a Place already 
built, and the Benefaftors fpecify'd in that Work are only 
fuch as were Contributors towards the Inlargement of the 
Endowments, and took care to ratify and confirm what had 
been piouffy beftow'd by their Anceflors. The Saint, to 
whom the Chapel or Church, belonging to this plea&nt 
Nunnery, was dedicated, was St. Nicholas, as we are af- 
fur'd from the feveral Charters that are publifh'd to this pur- 
pofe by the excellent Compilers of the Monajlicon, Yet fome- 
times St. Afary is joyn'd with St. Nicholas \ and in one of 
the Evidences both §t, Mary and St. Edmund; not that this 
Chapel was dedicated to three different Saints, but becaufe 
perhaps there were three diflinfl Chapels or Churches that had 
4II a Store in the Gift. Q{ what Bignefs and Form the 
Chapel was at firft we do not learn ; but from fome Gir- 
cumflanees in the Monajlicon we may gather, that 'twas 
neither large nor beautiful, Tbi* was one reafon that in 

the 



In and about Oxford. 1 151 

tfee time of King Henry the HI. the Nunns took care to 
have it rebuilt and inlarg'd to a decent, comely, and light* 
fome Fahrick\ in carrying on and finifliing of which they did 
not want feveral liberal and generous BenefacJors* They had 
alfo the Countenance and Ajfiftance of the rope, who was for- 
ward and willing to encourage fo excellent and worthy a De- ' 
fgn. That this might be the more conspicuous, he iflu'd 
out a Bull to the Diocefes of Lincoln, £ty and Scrum, by 
virtue of which he took off the fpace of ten Days Pen- 
nance from all fuch as fliould be pieas'd to become Bene- 
faclors to this new Work. There is no reafon to doubt, 
but it found it's intended EfTe&, and, it may be, more 
Money was rais'd than was fufficient for defraying the whole 
Exptnfts, and a good Sum referVd for other Ufes. This new 
Chapel was fituated in the fame Place where the old one was, 
« namely on the South fide of the /S Nunnery. The Ruins of 



m namely on the South fide of the Nunnery.'] About a Quarter 
of a Mile Eastwards from this Place ia another great Farm Houfe 
commonly calPd The Minjhery. And this mod People affirm to 
have been properly the Nunnery of lAttlenorc, or Sandford. They 
add withal that this great Houfe by Sandford Church is really th4 
Remains of the old Preccptory. But what feems to make againft 
the latter part of the AfTertion is this, that the Knights Templars 
were (upprefled in the Reign of Edward II. and tho' the Houfe be 
very much ihatter'd, yet it does not appear to me to have been 
founded 'till fome Years after that time. There are alfo the 
Heads of veil'd Numu hVd on divers Places of the Out- fide of it, 
thereby fhewing that it belong'd to Nunns. But as to the former 
branch of the Aflertion, I readily allow that the Minjberi was not 
only a Religious Houfe, but was likewife affign'd to the ufe of 
Nunns. Bones and Coffins have been frequently found at it, as I ' 
have been often inform M by Perfons of good Credit. So that 'tis 
likely the lame Nunns had both thefe Places, and the Minjhery 
might have been the principal Houfe of the two. I cannot learn 
that ever any Reliques of Bodies or Coffins have been dug up either 
in, or by, the Chapel on the South Side of the Houfe by Sandford 
Church, and therefore am ready to imagin that 'twas appropriated 
only to the Offices of Prayer, and that the Offices for the Dead 
&e. were perform'd at the Minjhery, where there was a Cemitery 
proper for that purpofe. But 'tis hard to determine any thing from 
the Monaftlcon where both Places are confounded together, fi On 
the North Side of the Farm Houfe by Sandford out the Gate is cut 
iodic Wall, 1614. 

it 



153 An Account of feme Antif*itks 

it remain to this day, being turn'd into a Barn, and fanpIoyM 
to Propbane lifts, as feveral other (acred Remains of this fort 
have been. This is one of tbofe finall Houfes that by virtue 
of die Pope's Butt were diffolv'd for the Ufe of Cardinal Wei- 
fey, lyho fpent the Revenues upon his Magnificent College 
building at Oxf ono. As the Chapel is now ftanding, fo alio 
is (he Nunnery it felf, at leaft a very great Part of It, with fe- 
veral of the Uut-Houfes. Amontft other Rooms of the Nun* 
nery, there is one above Seairs all dark and «*/*><, which is 
that in which the Nunns us'd to make their Confeffions to their 
GhofUy Father. 

§• 15. Hard by this Nunnery is the prefent Church 

TheChorch of Send- of Sandford, a (mall thing, and of mean BmUng f 

/*?--" ~ * 




cejxerie of SandfonL ' 

Abbey of Ejnjbam. An rebuilt by Mr s. Elizabeth IJbant) a grave and de* 
WW™ in tinjb** f ^j atrnh w ho was likewife in other refpeas a 

Church. A Book wnt- „ - r * . ^. , . ,. * 

ten by Joj^htn g«+. Benefa&refs to the Church, and gave divers coo- 

Jbamtnfa. fiderable 5«mx away to be fpent in charitable Ufes 

for the Poor of the Parijb ; but I have feen no 

written Memorials of any of thefe Bene/aniens except an i»- 

fcription relating to the ftift. 'Tw fixt oyer the Perch-Dear, 

and is as follows : 

Condidk ma * dni£ Eliza Ifham 
Anno Grafur 1652. 
Portions Pdtrona: 

%b*x\W t* tftp C&aritie attettgtofe 3>amt, 
aofiijlj fount* m* oft anfi mat* me mto agate* 

There is nothing extraordinary to be feen iji the Church be-? 
/ides fome Monuments of the Powells, Lords of the Mannm 
here. The chief of thefe Monuments is one in the South* 
\Vall pf the Qhqncell, on which these h this Infiription : 

SepmlturoM hit babuit, 
Spe febcis m mternant vitam refurreitio- 
ms 9 vir chriffimus Gulielmus Powellas de por- 
ta Roleftonenfi in par. de Tutbury in comitatu 



0) Lege, imina. 



Staffbrdicnfi 



/ 
In and (Am* Oxford. 153 

fttfioidfenfi, eques auratus> /rater Edmundi 
Powclli Amageri^ bujus Manerii quondam do- 
mini, Sereniffinm bujus regni regime Elizabe- 
ths ftipator mbi&s 9 atque augu/lijhnis ejvf- 
dem regibus Jacobo Carokty it* prima curfus- 
Tutburienfis, in comtatu pr*di&o % curator 
, regius ; f us tertium & o&egejhnum mtatis 
ftue amtum agens xv 11. Caiend. J an. a*. DnT. mdc* 
lti. vitam cum atornitate cornmutavit. 
la peremem cujus 
memeriam, necmn in debit* ejus erga ilhtm 
abfirvanti*, plaque gratitudinis teftimonium 
(quippe pares ilSus Rolcftoncnfis, qc cetera- 
ram pradi&i Gulielmi facukatwn hares ah 
aodem in tefam affem conftitutus ) Tohan« 
nesPoweUos armgtr y hujus Manerii Vomin- 
pfs 9 ac ejufdem Gulielmi pronepos nwdnun* 
tale hie ptarmor pcfuit dicavitque 
anna DnU mdclxI* 

This Maimer in old time belong'd to Sir Tbmas de Sandford 
Knight 9 who in the Reign of King Stephen (or thereabouts) 
gave it to the Knights Templars^ and to it became a Pro- 
teptorie for them. They had a Chapel here dedicated to St. 
Mary, and 'tis likely that for that reafon feme of the Evi- 
dences quoted above mention St. Mary. But for a more 
particular^ dtJHnB and full Account of this Praceptorie I 
ihall defir? the Reader to confult at bis leifure an old Regif- 
ter in the Bodlbjam Library a (written, as I guefc by 
the Hand, in the Reign of Kipg Edward the Firft) in 
which are contained at large the Evidences concerning all 
the Lands that belong'd to this Praceptorit \ bjr a diligent 
and careful looking over of which Kegifier tne Antiaui- 
ties of tome other places hereabouts may eafily be illustra- 
ted, which I have not time to infift upon now. However 
before I put an end to thefe Observations* I will remark that 
in the fame Library fi is another MS, the Author whereof 
was John de IVudciim, in which we have the Statutes of the 
fruecBOiue Mmq/lery of Byajbam, 4. Miles North-Weft 



« Amongft the MSS. bought of Mr. #W, num. 10. /B Inter 
Cfldd. NE. F. 3, 7. 

from 



154 An Account of feme Antiquities 

from Oxford, of which there is very little now remain- 
ing except one of the outer Gates j but there were feveral 
Parts (landing when Mr. Wood began his Per ambulation + 
and 'tis one of the firft Places that he diverted himfelf at, 
when he fet about his Collodions. Twas a moft ftatdy Ma- 
nafieriej and Ikuated in a moft delicious Place. Nor does the 
Parijb Church of Eynjbam afford any very material Otfenut- 
tions. There are three or four Infcriptions in it that may be 
of ufe to an Antiquary ; but the only one I {hall tranferibe 
at prefent is that upon a Brafs Plate that is fixt upon a Mar- 
ble Monument (to the Memory of Mr. William Ematts for- 
merly Fellow of Brazen-Noff-C<d\cgc) at the Entrance into 
the Chancel: 

^m Ipetfi $r* William Emott fotwtpmea 
mitat of Einfliam, toijtdj fcfetl tfie 
#»♦ dap of February £% 1584. 

Epitapbium ejufdem. 
ffujus quern ftatuit cuftodem Cbriftus ovilis y 

Divino baculo dilacerare lupos, 
Surripuere gregi> m proli fata finiftra fideli. 

Saxapremunt corpus y mensfedet ante deum. 

When I was at this Place at Eafter in mdccvi. the learned 
Mr. Edward Lhuyd, fince deceas'd, (who often usM 
to retire hither when he was drawing up the firft Vo- 
lume of his Arth*ologia Sritannica) was pleas'd to tell me 
that when he was laft in Wales* amongft other old Books* 
he purchas'd a MS. containing divers Difcourjes> moftly by 
way of Letter j written by Jofepbus Monachus Evejbamen- 
fis. But this Author was not a Monk of Eynjbam by Ox- 
ford (fometimes written Eujbam in the Monuments of die 
Church) but of the famous Abbey of Evejbam in Worcefter- 
Jbire. The pious and learned Mr. Dodwell has more 
than once mentioned this MS. to me. 'Twas brought 
to him in his Retirement formerly in Wales ; but he gave 
me no great Chara&er of it. I nave fince that time ob- 
tain'd two Specimens of it, by which I gather that 'tis 
penn'd in a pretty good Latin Style, and far better than 



d prolt] Leg. prebf 

might 



In and abut Oxford. 155 

might be expefied from si Man bred up in a Clojfler\ 
but the matter of it feems to be mean and trivial, and not 
St to fee the Light, unlefs there be any Hiflorical Paflages in 
the Book not accounted for by other Authors. Perhaps by 
fuch circumftances his Age may be fix'dj for I do not re- 
member to have met with his Life in any of thofe Au- 
thors who have made it their Buunefs to give an Account 
of our. Eng&Jb Writtrs, whether of later or more remote 
Jxtiquity. 

Bodxejan Library Oftob; 2*. mdccx* 



[ *S*J 



U*^ 



tx Cod. MS. B$Jl. Arch. B. 67. 

* Oratio habita corata Dluftriffimo 

Rege Hfijqftitfo Septfma CA*frA**iGiiE. 

ETSI nullius unquam verbis tua Celfitudini, Rex II- 
luftriffime, pro tuis in nos, & Univerfitatem iftam 
benefices gratias agere condignas poflumus j nobis 
tamen ipfi non (atisfacimus ullomodo, nifireddide- 
rimus verba faltem, ubi gratiam referee nequeamus. Con- 
fundimur etiam ipfi quod tanta Majeftas totiens de nobis ho- 
munculis, & cam lingular! benignitate merebitur, & nos 
contra obmutefcemus ingrati, non recognofcentes quid fac- 
tum fie a tanto, & tarn ampliffimo Rege. Nam fi merita 
in nos tua diligentius penfitemus, nihil vel ab optimo Rege 
fubditis, vel ab amantiffimo parente filiis, liberalius potuit 
exhiberi, quam regia tua erga nos pietas effecit & cumula- 
tes quidem quid a te aut exfpedare, aut defiderare poflemus ? 
Cui pietati fi non verbis faltem refpondere conaremur (quum 
rebus impoffibile fit) maximum ingratudinis vitium non 



* Oratio habit* &c] ex quo volumes hocce fecundam prodik 
▼ir tmiciffimus & do&Jfimus Hilkias Bbdvordius, A. M. & 
non ita pridem Collcgii D. Joannit Evangelifbe apud Cantabrigien- 
fes focius, per litteras ftunma humanitate pro more fuo me docuit 
Orationis iftius audorem fuute virum celeberrimum Joanntm Fi/b- 
irum % epifcopum Rofenfem t qui coram rege (Cautabrigia com- 
morante) anno 1507. habuit. Hoc nempe didicit Bedfordius 
£ Viro non minus probitate quam eruditione fua claroTHOMA Ba- 
ke ro, S. T. B. & ejufdem Collcgii focio; qui porro, in antiqui- 
tatibus noftris verfatiflimus, e voce Cantabrigia collegit exemplar 
quo ufus fum non fuilTe fcriptum regnante Henrico VII. quo tem- 
pore vel Canttbrigia vel Cantibrigia, non Cantabrigia % Scribis in 
ufu fuit, fi modo fides Regiftris aliifque Codicibus quos non feme! 
confuluit. Oratia babita] Anno fortean mdv. Rcgni 21. Sed * 
valde dubito, Difcutiant alii. 

injuria 



Qrtffo hito wm Httf&ic? S#tfw. 157 

injuria nobis imputaii potuit ; & 00s non n*vj$ folupi bene- 
ficiis cffcmua indigni, led ct vcteribus priva&di quam mcri- 
tiiEtne, 

Dicemu? igitur primum dc magnitydinc tua, quae tanto* 
pcrc de nobis meruit ; dcindc noftram neceffitatem, in qua 
tunc fuimus, exponents % U fie merita poftremo goromerao- 
rabimus in nos tua. 

Nemini dubiwn effe potcft auin quanto is qui dedcrit ali- 
quid major eft, tanto majores iUi debentur grati*. Eatenu* 
igitur de tua magnitudine loqui jam cupimus, quatenus ap- 
parent quantis agendis eidem gratiis obnoxii fiunus. Noa 
quod velimus panegyricum agere laudum tuarum, quod dignc 
fieri vix ab eo eloquentiffimo ppteft, aut conciliate nobis am- 
pliorem pietatem vanis & blandis aflentationibus, quibus tuas 
aures offenderemus potius* & nos rem ageremus nobis & 
noftris profeffionibus indigniffimam ; fed magis ut officium 
impendamus noftrum, quod praetermittere non poflumus, 
nih reos ingratitudinjs maximae nos redderemus. Viri Tem- 
per iUi qui magni futuri eflent (ut plurimum) ortus habue- 
runt admirabiles : multifque & magms viue difcriminibus cx- 
ponebantur ; adeo ut nifi mira Dei ipfius difpenfatione pr«- 
fervarentur periiflcnt fxpenuxnero. ^ Cuju$ r«i exemplis ple- 
ni Cunt gentilium hiftoriariun libri, in quibus nemo defcriptw 
eft magnus, cujus onus non aliqua re infi^ni notaretur, 2c 
vitse fucceflus non midtis plenus effet difcriminibus. 

Sed ut gentiles omittam, ad (acras hiftorias venio, in quibus 
de Moyfe tllo traditur, qui magnus dux populi Ifrotlitict futu- 
res eflct, quod pater ejus in fomnis admonebatur uxorem cog- 
nofceret, a qua abftinuit metu mortis a rege Atyyptio interim- 
natae mafcuks thbrmman nafcituris. Ipfe etiam parvulus May* 
fes mox ut in lucem editus fuerat, repofitus.in hJcclla fcirpea* 
fiu&ibus & aquarum difcrimini exponebatur 5 nee defuit tamen 
divxna benignitas quae ilium tutaretur quoad venerit in manus 
fdimRcgisPbaraonts, a qua multodiHgemiuseducabatur,quani 
ab ipfis parentibus fuiflet factum. Admonebatur rex per praefa- 
gos regni fqi ut morti ilium traderet, tanquam regno periyciem 
futurum, fed Deo Optimo Maximo rem curahte non eft per* 
mifius. Quaefitus deinde ad necem Majfes quod Mgptium 
quendam interemiflet, vix periculum evafit : patriam in qua 
natus fuit relinquens, ad deferta fc contulit : ubi & mirabi* 
liter providit iUi Deus. Qui & ilium reduxit in Mpftum^ 
& ducem populi Ifraelitici conftituit, multa pro eo oftendens 
prodigta, tarn in ipfa ALgypU quam in Maris rubri tranfitu: 
m difcrimine famis U fitis : ia variis feditionibus plebis (use 

adverfus 



158 OritU habita coram Henrico Stpttm. 

adverfus cum : in bellis ctiam non paucis, cjuae cum externis 
gerebat; in quibus omnibus, & aliis penculis innumeris, 
prote&or ei Dcus affuit Temper quoad tandem * illi valde of- 
fenderit, ob quod iratus Dcus non permifit ingrcdi promiffio- 
nis terrain* 

Sed quorfum ifta? Nimirum ut intelligamus quanta fit 
magnitudo tua Rex Dluflriffimc, qui tarn mirabilitcr natus 
es, atque in lucem editus a nobiliffima Principe genitrice 
tua, nunc praefcnti, quae turn annum non implevit quartum- 
decimum. Rarus profedo partus & infolitus, ipfaaue (ut cer- 
nimus) non magnae ftaturae femina eft : at multo tunc (ut 
afleritur) minoris fuit; adeo ut miraculum cundtis videbatur 
in illis annis, & in ilia corporis paivitate gnatiim aliquem, 
maxime tarn procerum, tarn degantem edidiflc. 

De periculis vero & difcriminibus vitac maximis, quae, 
Deo audore, per omnem aetatem tuam ad haec ufque tern- 
pora evaferis, longum cflct enarrare, & dies ante deficeret, 
quam exitum invenirem. Nam & dum in utero portarct tc 
mater, vix difcrimen peftis cvafifti, qua* teneriores foetus fa- 
cile confuevit interimere, de qua & pater tuus Princeps Illuf- 
tris interiit. 

Mater deinde viro orbata te peperit orphanum, a cujus 
uberibus mox abftradus, illorum cuftodiae traditus fueras, 
qui bellis affiduis implicabantur. Caftellum, quo tenebaris, 
obfeflum in manus inimicorum tuorum venit : qui tamen,Deo 
ha providente, te ( ut praeclarum fanguinem deceret) educave- 
runt egregie. Inae quaefitus ad necem, patriam deferens, ubi 
ad cognatum tuum Kegem Francorum ire deftinaveras in Ai7- 
koris Britannia Ducem utilius incidifH, quanquam ab eo rur- 
fum tanquam captivus detinebare. Sed pace cum eo fada, 
quum in patriam redire ftatuifti, tanto ventorum impetu 
claffis tua ja&abatur, ut vi compulfus retro rptulifti pedem, 
Deo rem ita difponente, ne forte in manus inimicorum tuo- 
rum veniflcs, qui tunc infidias pararant tibi. Poft haec Bri- 
tanni te venalem ofFercbant capitalibus inimicis tuis, nihil 
magis quam tuum fanguinem fitientibus. Quid multis ? Con- 
venit inter eos de pecunia : fed Tu interca, Deo mirabilitcr 
fubveniente, cum tuis omnibus effugifti falvus in GaUiam. 
Unde quum denuo tentares venire in patriam, dirigente 
tunc tuum iter & profperante Deo, parva manu ingrcflus 
hoc tuum regnum, Kegem qui tunc fuit cum unhrerfo ipfius 



* Foriatt; Ille. 

cxercitta 



Oratio habita coram Henrico Septimt. 159 

exeititu fudifti quamprimum. In folio demum confirmatus 
(me Jefu !) quot adverf* fortunae machinatas infidias? quot 
proditiones clanculum excogitatas ? quot murmura & rebel- 
liones nefariorum? quot formidanda, ob eventum maxime 
ancipitem, proelia (quae nos omnes recenti adbuc memoria 
tenemus) tu ad tuam ingentem gloriam, non nifi divinitus, 
fuperafti Temper ? Haec una res nobis ad magnitudinem tuam 
comprobandam abunde fufficit. Nihil opus erit hie recenfere 
praenantiam fanguinis tui, ex multis & fanfiiffimis Regibus 
imperatoribufque defcendentem, quos tua nobilitas non mi- 
nus illuftrat, cjuam ipfi te; non egregia tuse juventutis exer- 
citamenta, quibus femper occupari volueras, defidiam & in* 
ertiam velut peftem fugiens. Taceo inyi£tam animi tui mag- 
nitudinem* qua in eventibus, quos alii valde formidabant, tu 
femper fuifti imperterritus ; temperantiam in cibis & potibus* 
ac ceteris corporis voluptatibus, qua non modo florem cor- 
poris tui, fed & ingenii acumen, & memorise tenacitatem 
confervabas imprimis : prudentiam in gerendis rebus omni- 
bus, in hac prsefertim regni tui adminiftratione, quod nunc 
adeo pacificum reddidifti, oc tarn votis tuis obfequentiflimum, 
ut nullis retro feculis ab ullo unquam Rege id fa&um legi- 
mus. Tanta & tarn admiranda fapientia tua eft, ut non fo- 
lum nos tui fubditi cun&i admiramur, verumetiam exteri 
omnes Principes, Reges, Gubernatores nationum omnium 
contendunt, quis eorum tibi intimior efie poffet, quis fcede- 
ratior, cjuis legibus amicitiae conjundior* Praetereo lingua- 
rum varietatem, & difertam eloquentiam, corporis proceram 
dignitatem, formae venuftatem, quae te Regem decet, robur 
& vires, celeritatem, agilitatem, dexteritatem ad cun£ta quae 
agere velis : foccunditatem regni tui, plebis tibi fubje&x ani- 
mofitatem, ingentes divitias tuas : haec ficut & alia innumera 
praetennitto* 

Tantum dico, Si divinam in te providentiam, & (ut ita di- 
cam) « manutentiam quis attenderit, valde admirabilis es : 11 
fanguinem, aeque nobilis : fi magnitudinem animi, magnani- 
mus imprimis: fi temperantiam, moderagifilmus : fi pruden- 
tiam & iapientiam, ceteros excellis, uti fol minora fidera : fi 
fermoncm, difertiiEmus : fi corporis egregiam dignitatem, 
formofiffimus : fi potentiam & opes, potentiffimus atqueopu- 
•lentiffimus : fi denique fimul omnia, gloriofiffimus. adeo ut 



m Manutentiam] Sic in Codice MS. reftc. non, ut quidam for- 
Jan legeeim, manuttntnttim, Dc voce videfis Spelmanni&qffarium. 

quicquid 



ife 6r*t$ katita c$r4m HxttftiCo Stptim*. 

quiequld in orbe terrarum fummus Deus aut pluribus stall* 
bus in uno Rege, aut pluribus Regibus in una state contufo* 
rit, id omne in te unum cumulata felicitate congoffifle vifua 
eft. Solum hoc tibi curandum eft ne Deo tarn benigniffimo 
unguam fts ingratus, 

5ed de magnitudine tua fatis ad rem noftram, qnanqwam 
He fatis unquam dici a quoquam potcft. 

Nunc vero de nobis fecundo loco dicendum eft, atque itaa 
utomnes intelligant te tuam in nos pietatem exercuiflc co 
tempore, quo fuit nobis maxime neceffaria, ac proinde edana 
Celfitudim tux gratiarum ampliorum nos jure fa&oa efie 
debitores. 

Sed ad banc rem aftruendam necefle nobis erit * antiqui* 
tatemllniverfitatis hujus ab initio repetere : non ut ja&abuia- 
di de vetuftate noftra gloriemur, fed magis ut tua Majeftas 
mifereatur (uti profe&o fecis) tarn veterem Academiam intra 
regnum tuum ja&uram aliquam patf. Coepit baec noftra 
Academia, Rex Metuendiffime, a Carttabr* quodam QritnU** 
Bum Angkmm Rege : qui & Atbems fuiflc traditur, litens 
ibi & artes quafque bonas edoftus* 

Vix crcderetur forfitan illius antiquitas, fi quo anno coe- 
perk ex his monumentis, quae in Archivis nottris continent 
tur, refenre voluerimus. Qua & muko plura fuifient, fi nos 
£ catdibus it incendiis rapinis toties fuiffemus devaftati. Sed- 
majori utemur modeftia, nihil digurt quod non ex albrum 
annalibus, etiam indiciis apertiffimis, poflct comprobari. Hoc 
unum imprimis conftat nos longe pneceffifle Hnmrn prioai 
tempora; qui & fuas literas ad nos dedit, quarum exemplaria 
tab plumbo teaemus, quae & mentionem ftciunt temporum 
multo antiquiorum. Fuit autcm Hmmrius tile primus centum 
& fexaginta annos priufquam Corata ille Magnus Rm* ftmu*- 
rum Parijmtfem Univerfitatem inftituit : quam nos baud dubie 



« De Academia CmrtntrigunJSs Aatiquitate muko fbtius diflfe- 
rait w plane 9nxdM&mxuymmstsC^Ms 9 Aftmm & Medicm* Doc* 
tor, ac tonus JEdiiicii, quod foo dicker de nomine, fundator nm* 
aificentiffimos. Sed quacunque vd Hie vel alii hac de re fcripfc- 
runt siqae commentati font egregje icfutarant Antiqearii neftri pe- 
ritiffimi Buamus Twynus 4r Amtovius I Wood. Vide item, 
fi lubet, qua & nos (inviti quidem) ante annum unum alterumque 
obfervavimas in notis ad j£lfridi Maoni vitam, \ cdebemmb 
Jo*nm SpelmMn*o t equite annuo, lingua Jnglinm* coasextam. 
Rs&ius forfan, ucdibui, incendiis iS rn finis. 

credimns 



Orotic IMta mam HekrIco Ssptimd. tit 

tredimus a noftris fumpfiffc initium* ab Alchuino videlicet, 
ytamtty & Rabanoi quos Annates rtoftri tradunt alumnos fu- 
ifie * Gignafii hujus. Sed ne noftrum hoc commentum fuifB 
yideatur, Gaguinurn teftem citabimus, hominem Parifienfim> 
& Hiftoriarum non infcium. h in Gallorum Annalibus re* 
fere prsefatos viros Akhuinum, Joannem, Rnbanum ex his par* 
tibui in Galium fuifle delatos, fapitntiamque fe profeflbs ha- 
bere venalem. Quam rem mox ut Carolus ille Magnus in- 
tellexerar, acciri juifit eos ad fe, Alchuinumque praeceptorem 
finim conftituit, reliquis locum & docendi facultatem prae- 
bens in arbe Parifienft. £t ifta nimirum occafione Gaguinu* 
teftatur Scholam Parifienfim fuifle inchoatam. 

Sed quid de Antiquitate tantum ? Certe ut noftra conditio* 
qua tunc ruimus quando benigniffimis oculis tua Majeftas nos 
imueri coeperit, magis appareat miferanda. Nam fi fuifle fe-* 
Ikem fummum miferiae genus (it; ilii profe£to miferiores 
tanto putandi font, quanto majores cauflas non minimae feli-* 
citatu habuerunt. An parva res eft Parifienfim gloriam ex 
his fedibus initium accephle : tantum. lumen quantum nunc 
Parifius accenfum eft ab Angbrum fapientia fuifle difFufum ? 

Sed & antiquitatem mirum in iriodum fapientes viri fern-* 
per colendam exiftimabant atque venerandam. 

Ob utramque igitur cauflam noftra conditio non minimi 
fiiit. Addo quod Regibus cognatis & Progenitoribus tuis 
tarn chari ofrm fuimus, ut maxima apud eos gratia floruimus 
femper. Hehricus tertius, Edvardus primus, Edvardus fecun- 
dus, Edvardus tertius, Richurdus fecundus, noftra? injutias 
acerbkfime vindicarunt: libertates & privilegia contulerunt: 
snaximis etiam favoribus profecuti. Henricus tertius has ipfas 
•edes in quibus nunc fumus & fundamentis erexit. Edvardus 
tertius dotnum ampliffimam, cui nomen Aula Regia eft, pro 
trigjnta duobus fcholafticis curavit ingenti fumptu aedmcari. 
• Henricus fextus, patruus tuus, vir fandiflimus alteram pro 
fexaginta fcholafticis aggreffus eft, quam & Dei Domum vo- 



m It* in Cod. MS. Nee fee us in aliis non paucis, quos con fil- 
ial, MSS. Et re£te quidem fie legitur, pro Latinitatis inferioris Ra- 
tions. Id conftat tx cl. Du Frefnii Gloflkrio. Hoc autem noto 
ad cujufdatn Homink proterviam retundendam, qui, quum amicis 
•tiqaot in Sermane injeciHet me Gignafii malfc edidifle, turn pof- 
tea Le&ionem hanc pravam efle pluribus verbis (pro More fuo) per- 
tinaciter, ne dicam impcrite, afleruit. Jgnofccs Iracundiafc noftraf, 
Le&or benevole, quae jiifta eft in ejufmodi 8c hominei & cives. 

Vol.2. L luit 



j6* Orath habita coram Henrico Septim. 

Juit appcllari. Idem quoque patruus tuus Collegium afiud 
inchoavit, quod mcrito Regium nuncupatur, tamobampli- 
tudinem operis incepti, quam ob ftru&urae fumptuofitatem, 
in quo & duos ex fratribus fuis, patrem & patruum tuum, 
principes cgrcgios, pofuit erudiendos. Scd morte pneventus 
inconfummatum reliquit & tuae nimirum Cdfitudini, quod 
illc divinitus pnedixifle afleritur. His profefto rebus olim 
nos beatos & felices puubamus. Cetarum illo tempore quo 
tua Celfitudo nobis indulgere coeperit, nefcio quo infortunio, 
five continuis litibus & injuriis oppidanorum, (quibus eramus 
implicati) five diuturna plaga febrium, quibus fupra modum 
vexabamur, (nam ex literatioribus complures amifirous, & ex 
jpfo Do&orum numero decern viros omnes graves & valde 
erudites) feu tertio quod bonarum artium fautores & benefac- 
tores pauci erant & prope nulli. Sive his, five aliis occafio- 
nibus, profe&o literarum & ftudiorum nos prope omnes tae- 
dium cepit. adeo ut multi Tecum cogitarent, quorfutn hinc 
abirent commode. Pjope in defolationem veniflemus, nifi 
tua tandem Majeftas fplendidiffima nos velut oriens ex alto 
refpexiflet. 

. De neceflitate noftra hactenus diftum eft; nunc reftat ut 
merita poftremo commemoremus in nos tua. Nihil profedo 
conferri nobis a quoquam potuit utilius aut ftudiis noftris con- 
ducibilius, quam a tua Celfitudine faftum eft. Summus enim 
ille Orator Marcus Cicero procemio Tufculanarum inveftigat 

Juid cauflae effet, quod ante fua tempora pauci Romanorum fe 
hilofophiae ftudiis contulerunt ? & refpondet, Quoniam ho- 
nor tunc ill i a ncmine tributus fuit. Honos (inquit) artes 
alit, omnefque incenduntur ad ftudia gloria : jacentoue ea 
Temper quae apud quofque improbantur. Nemo igitur Philo- 
sophise ftudiis incubuit : quoniam ea nullo tunc honore ha- 
bebatur. Negligi enim folet Temper quicquid contemptui eft; 
& contra, quod laudatur a pluribus, id quifque infequttur. 
Virtus namque (ut quidam ait) laudata crefrit. Apod ChaU 
iLros, apud Aigyptios 9 apud Athenienfes, & Graciam y longo 
quidem tempore hofpitata fapientia eft & floruit. Sed tamdtu 
quam apud eos fuerat in honore. Statim enim ut defiit apud 
eos honorari, nemo deinceps illius curam eeit. • Cujus red 
non infeius, Rex Prudentiflime, voluifti pro lumma tua pru- 
dentia torpentes animos, & languentia noftrorum interna, ad 
' bonas artes & probitatem benevolentiffima tua gratia provo- 
xare. De quo teftem afFerre neminem potero certiorem quam 
meipfum. Ivleipfum (inquam) quern incredibile cundis fuit 
ad epifcopatum tarn repente promoveri. Quippe qui paucot 

annos 



Ohttio habita coram Hsnrico Septimo. 163 

aftnot habucrim, qui nunquam in curia obfequium praeftite- 
rim, qui nullis ante dotatus beneficiis. Et quam ob rem ego 
ad epifcopatum aflumerer ? Quid tuam ad hoc admirabilem 
fapientiam monebat ? nihil profe&o aliud nifi ut ftudiofis om- 
, nibus liquido conftaret Ulorum caufla id fadum effe. Nofti, 
Optime Rex, an vera dixerim. 

Te nullius aut virij shit feminae precibus addudhim ut id 
faceres afferebas : fed ob earn rationem folam, ut ceteros ad 
virtutem & bonas literas incitares* O vocem Rege digniffi- 
mam ! O verbum fcholafticis univerfis merito jocundiffimum ? 
Ceterum ut apertius tuum in illos animum comprobares, anno 
fuperiori ad n<?s venifti, dignatus es difceptationibus intereffe, 
atque id per omnes omnium facultarum fcholas. Neque id 
fecifti curfim & perfun&orie, fed longo temporum tradu. 
Nemo Regum, aut Principum, fed nee Baronum, aut Equi- 
turn quidem, tantum operis & laboris impendit unquam ad 
bos audiendos. Et quid hoc fibi voluit aliud nifi ut tua prae- 
fentia noftrorum animos ad ftudia accendercs, & quafi facem 
inureres dodrinae, ac virtutis aviditatem ? Quod & apertiffi- 
mis indiciis monftrare voluifti ; quum poftridie quam haec au- 
dieris, ingentem auri fummam, cum magno ferarum numero, 
in publicam compotationem univerfis fcholafticis maxima tua 
liberalitate contulifti. Quibus, quaefo, modis magis ingenuus 
potuit quifpiam, non dico dominus fervos, non regia Majef- 
tas fubditos, fed pater amantiffimus cariffimos filios ad ftudia 
literarum allicere ? At adhuc paternam illam pietatem opere 
aliquo permanentiori teftatam indicari cupiebas. 

Collegium illud, quod fan£tiffimus patruus tuus Henricus 
fextus a tundamentis inchoavit, opus immenfum, opus quod 
manus & opes Regum expoftulat, opus quod nemo alius prae- 
ter te confummare potuit, opus tibi uni divinitus deftinatum : 
hoc tu aggrefTus es. Praeter haec omnia nunc citra adventum 
hunc tuum, ftatim ut oppidum intraveras, nova nos obruere 
liberalitate voluifti. Sed praefentia Majeftatis tuae imprimis, 

Suae ad inftar folis refplendet, qua nihil illuftrius eft, nihil 
jlendidius, gloriofius nihil, quae nobis gratifiima eft, quae ex- 
(pc&atiffima, quse optatiffima femper. Haec inquam Majef- 
tatis tuae praefentia tanto his diebus Academiam noftram ful- 
gore perfudit, ut nulli ante haec tempora fulgidiores illuxerunt 
unquam. Refliffime Salomon ajebat : In hilaritatt vultus Re- 
gis vita - f &f dementia ejus quaji imber ferotinus. Reviximua 
enim ex tuo vultu : ic ex verbis tuis clementiffimis quafi im- 
bre quodam foecundantiffimo irrigati fumus. 

La Nam 



264 Oraiio habita aram Henrico Septimo. 

Nam ut poft hiemis afperitatem* ubi cun&a herbarum & 
arborum genera fuperveniente frigore correpta funt» never* 
tpnte fole revivifcunt, foecupdaque fiunt : fie & tui vultus hi* 
lantas, Rex omnium gloriofiffime, qua nos poft tantaa call- 
mitates tarn benigniffime refpexifti, revivifcere fecit ingenta 
rioftra : & dulciflimus oris tui fermo quad gratiffimus imber 
in nos defcendens, foecunda eadem. reddidit iterates 

Qyis nunc non videt quant i fumus debitores apud te? apud 
tantam (inquam) Majcftatem, pro tantis benefrciis, in tanta 
necefiitate nobis exhibitis ? Quid nos viciffim rependemus ? 
quid referemus gratiae ? Urbes dare non poffumus ; non pof- 
fumus populos, non regnum conferre, non augere. Sck> 
quid faciemus. Animos dabimus* animos (inquam) quibus 
neque nos referre, neque tua Majcftas amplius quicquam ac- 
<ipere a nobis poteft. In eis dies ac nodes memoria tui no* 
minis indelebili cogitatione verfabitur, inildebit, repetetur, re- 
Yirefcet quotidie tuorum beneficiorum recocdatio fempiteroa. 
Iftudque interim optabimus, det Tibi Deus* Optime Rex, 
longam, felicem, fortunatamque diem; gnatus hie tuus, 
Princeps Illuftris, it te patre dignus* tibi in regno fuccedat, 
veftra loboles augeatur : vobis proceres obfequantur : milites 
ament: populi pareant: amici colant: inimici metuant: fee- 
^erati perfeverent : diuturna fit vobis incQlumitas hie in terris* 
& poft hanc vitam in coelis atteraa feUcitas* Amen, 



DIXI. 



Dr. PLOTS 



1 



r i«5 j 



D r PLOT'S Account 

of his intended Journey 
through England and Wales 

for the Difcovery of Antiquities, and other Curfofities. 
Publifh'd ftom a MS. in the Bodlhj an Library. 

To the Reverend Dr. John Fell, 
Dean of Christ-Church Oxon. 

JvevtreM uir, 

AS often as I have refleded on the very great and 
no left commendable Service done to the Com- 
mon-Wealth of Learning at home, and the Repu- 
tation of the Nation abroad, firft by the indefati- 
gable Travels of J*hn Leland, and upon his Foundation a 
ouperftru&tftre added by William Camden Clarentieulx, and 
others ; and that notwitbftanding their great Induftry not 
only confiderable Additions might be made to whatever they 
have touchM on, but a lair new Building erefied ^altoge- 
ther as much to the Honour of the Nation) out of Materials 
they made little or no ufe of: fo often have I thought with 
my felf, provided I be judgM a fit Perfon, the Defign agree- 
able, and the Encouragement proportionable, that I might 
alfo in fome meafure deferve of my Country, if I would re- 
aflitme their Labours, and once more take a Journey at leaft 
through England and Walts, to make a ftri& (earch, and give 
a faithful Account to fueh as fhall encourage me of all fuch 
Things (worthy notice) which they have wholly pafs'd by, 
or but imperfectly mentioned. In order hereunto, Sir, I 
humbly make it my Requeft that you would be pleas'd to 
give me your Thoughts concerning the Defign as it is here- 
under hid down, arid in cafe it be approv'd of, by what 
nieana it may beft be carried on. And that by the way you 
would favourably pardon the Rudenefs of the Draught, it be- 
ing intended only for a bare Information. 

L3 The 



166 Dr. Plot's Aceeetnt rf a defign' d Journey 

The Defign in general is a Journey through England 21A 
JVaUsy for the Promotion of Learning and Trade, which in- 
deed are the Things chiefly aim'd at. But befide thefe of 
Profit there are others of Pleafure that fall within the Verge 
of this Defign, intending in the fame Journey to make a 
ftrid Inquiry after all Curiofities both of Art and Nature, 
fuch I mean as tranfcend the ordinary Performances of the 
one, and fere out of the ordinary Road of the other : and of 
thefe promifcuoufly and more particularly as they fell under 
the following Heads. 

And Jirft, whereas it was a confiderable Part of the Bufi~ 
nefs of John Leland with all imaginable Care to colled and 
preferve the ancient MSS. Books of the Abbeys and Mo- 
nafteries then upon their Diflblution, and that notwithftand- 
ing his induftrious Performances great numbers there were 
that never came to his Hands \ and fuch as did, quickly af- 
ter his Death, through the Iniquity of the Times, being di- 
fpers'd again, great part of the MSS. in England are, as it 
were, loit to the World, lying fecretly in Corners and in 
private Hands, no Man knowing either what MSS. thefe be, 
or where to find them : it (hall be one of the principal Ends 
of my Journey to fearch all the Publick Libraries of Cathe- 
dral and Collegiate Churches, of the Colleges in each Uni- 
versity, and other Publick Libraries wherefoever, and make 
diftind Catalogues of them all. And as for fuch MSS. as 
fhall be found in private Hands, it would not be amifs if 
the Univerfity of Oxford would imploy me to buy up (if 
they cannot be begg d) as many as can be purchased for the 
Bcdlejan Library ; and where they will by no means be parted 
with to procure leave (if worth while) that an Amanuenfis 
may tranfcribe the whole, or at leaft have the Perufal and 
Liberty to make Abridgments, as Leland did of many. But 
if neither of thefe will be admitted, 'twill be fome fatif- 
fa&ion that they are added to the Catalogues of the reft, to 
inform Men that there are fuch Books, and in what Libra- 
ries and in whofe Hands they are. Thefe Catalogues tmajk 
heeds be of excellent ufe to all great Scholars, efpecially to 
fuch as undertake the reprinting of ancient Authors. Tor 
by thefe they may quickly know where there be any MSS. 
Copies of the Author in hand, to confult the various Read- 
ings &c. Fgr my better Performance of this Part of the 
Defign, befide my long delight in fearching of Antiquities, 
I have procur'd Sir Henry Spelman's Key, with Dire&ons 
from another how to know the Letters that are iifijally mif* 

taken 



Through England and Wales: 167 

taken for one aaothcr in Records, and ancient MSS. Books 
fcichaa 



ftm^mim 



Next I fliall make ftri& fearch into all Mines, Minerals, 
Earths, Soils that are of any account in this Nation : be- 
lieving that there may be as many of each, and as good 
unknown, as there are known : which poffibly may be dif- 
coverM to great Advantage. Under this Head I intend an 
exaft account of the Mines of WaUs y Cornwall, Somerfet- 
Jbirt and Derbj-flnre* &c. of the Iron-Bullets found in the 
Grounds at Bedminten in Gloiuefter-jbire ; of Pingitis or Black- 
Lead, what it is, and how it grows, being found only in 
England and no good Account given of it ; of Fuller's-Earth, 
to be had at no Place but in Kent, as 'tis confidently aflerted. 
Of thefe therefore I (hall fearch diligently in other Places* 
Of Manganeft and Lapis Calaminaris. the beft in the World 
is had at Afenatp-Hills. Here 1 fliall inquire whether any 
Zaffer in England f Of the feveral forts of Ocres, yellow 
and red ; of Tobacco-Pipe Clays ; Sands for the Glafs-Houfes, 
fuch as the White Sand at Maid/lone for Chryftall, and a 
courier fort at Woolwich in Kent for Green Glafs 5 of the 
Cole of Providence in Wales. I fliall examin alfo the Soils 
where I find either Timber or Fruit-Trees to flourifh ex- 
tremely, and fo for all forts of Grain, and other Vegetables, 
as Hops (sic. for the Dire&ion of all Perfons to plant and 
low in the moft agreeable Soils. For this purpofe I have 
gotten a competent Knowledge in fineing and feparating 
Metalls, baking of Earths* and examining of Soils; and 
when at any time any thing confiderable occurs I doubt not 
the Affiftance of one of the moft eminent Artifts of England. 

After Metalls, Minerals, &c. it will not be improper to 
inquire of Medicinal and Petrifying Waters, fuppos'd to be 
made fo by them. Of thefe there be many in England well 
Jcnown 5 but no doubt there are as many or more Aqua in- 
cognita of concealed \Vorth and Virtue, and perhaps no- 
thing inferior to thofe which in Fame are far above them. 
For the Tryal and Diftin&ion of thefe, though I believe I 
underftand fo much that I fliould feldom miftake the Mark, 
yet I intend to be better inftru&ed. Such are the Waters 
of the Bothy Tunbridgey Epfom and Aftrop s the Spaw in Tork- 
flirty the Petrifying Waters of Wockey-HoXty and of Tenter- 
jfri-Steeple in Ktnt> for which it is no lefs famous than for 

being 



l6l Dr. Pitt** Jeuunt if 4 itffidjmrnij 

feeing the Caufe of Godwin-SuA*. To thefe I AaUadittt 
ftrange Wells or Springs, the Fountain that takes Flame ia 
Lancajbire, Bone-Well in Herefor4-/hire, the Springs at £*- 
mington and Newenhagi. Here alfp of Rivers that have any 
thing extraordinary that attends them, fuch is that at Looje 

SKent that runs under Ground for a Mile together like the 
uadiana in Spain, and then comes forth again* Another 
of the like nature in Sunrey pafles quite through a Hill. Of 
the Nailboum near Canterbury \ a Rivulet which they ham 
but once in feven or ten Years, it's Chanel is always appa- 
rent, and has a Bridge or two over it, but there never runs 
wy Water (though there fall great Rains) but once ink- 
van or ten Years, which is a notorious Truth. Of the hiigr* 
of the Severn. Here, alio of Aquaeduds ancient and mo* 
dern, fuch as that near Canterbury, of earthen Ware, alfo of 
extraordinary Water- Work^, fuch as that at Marleharaugb 9 
Hatfield, &c. 

Then I {hall inquire, of Stones, of which there are. great 
Variety in England-, and firft of fuch as feem to have been 
Animals petrify'd, or forae parts of them ; fuch. are the. 
Snail-Stones and Ofteocolla found at Cumtur in Berks. Petn> 
fy'd Oiftejs and Cockles at many Places in England* Umbi- 
licus Marinus. Ghffopetra at Canterbury. The Teeth of Fifli 
petrify 'd in the lire of Shepey, call'd vulgarly Cramp- Stones, 
for that they as fecretly and certainly cure the Cramp as the 
ifOad-Stone draws Iron. Of all others that feem to be htjus 
ffatur*, fuch are Afleria, Mroitis, Brontia, Contu Ammonit, 
Belemnitef, Bafahes, Pifolithos, with others that exceed the 
ordinary Rate of Stones, P/eudoadamas Cbri/folhts, Smcdnum, 
Marmor, Afagnes. Of fuch Stones alfo that feem to have 
been Wood petrjfy'd, fuch are the Pillars in the Cloyfter at 
Canterbury, and fuch moft certainly are many of the Stones 
with which they fay they make Copperice, of which they 
fay there is more in the Me of Sbepey than in all the World 
befide, therefore ftri& fearcb fhall be made upon other 
Shoars. All thefe I know to be Natives of England, and 
have moft of them by me, and am inform'd that very good' 
Agats, and Jajpers, are found here alfo, Of thefe and what* 
ever elfe may be met with here, in imitation of Boetbeus d$ 
Boot, may be compil'd a little Hiftory ds lapidibus baud tnd- 
garibus in, Anglia repertis. 

In this Journey alfo very probably the Engtijb Herbal may 
receive fome advance, and in this I have the Encouragement 
of a good Herbalift, who fays that in his Memory the Herb 

GoldetH 



fftrrtgil inglaftd and Wales. 169 

QoUen-Koi, brought th$n from beyond the Seas, waa fold ia 
London for a\ 6*. the Pound, but fihce it has been found 
jprenrifolly growing in HamQfteeLVfoo&y no Man will give 
$*. 6*. for an 100. Weight of it* Thus Carum, or Carra- 
wares, call'd fo from it's Country Carta, where it fpontane- 
dufly grows. wa$ within thefe few Years found growing as 
Jbontaneoufly in Lincotn-Jhirt. by Mt. WWiam Brown, Fellow 
*F Afagdalen-CoMeze Oxon. And as formerly thefe, fo yet 

gw any thing we Enow to the contrary) wc receive many 
ings at a great Rate from beyond the Sea?, which poffibly 
may be of Englijb growth* Befide 'tis thought there may be 
feme Phtyts as yet quite unknown, or at leaft fignally differ- 
jngfrom others of the Species. 

to this H^ad may be referrty all Curiofities found in the 
Gardens of eminent Herbaltfis or Florifts, whether Garden- 
Knotts, Hedges, or Arbours; alt rare Fruits, fuch as the 
Wooden-Peare in C. C. C. Garden in Oxon, the Triangular 
Cherry in Kent ; new ways of Planting, fuch as that of Mr. 
Wranrtm in Hertford-flnre, with fuch fecrets as can be pro- 
cur'd in the making of Cherry-Wine, Cider, Perry, or other 
Operations done by the Help of Herbs, as the almoft indis- 
cernible turning of Wbite-Whine into Rhenifh by the Help 
of Ribis fmftu nigra $ ftrange Flowers, fuch as tne Boy Sa- 
tyrion, Maha boraria. Here alfo of the ordering of Saffron 
m Effex, and Tobacco in Gloucefler-Jhin. Add to thefe all 
Herbs and TVces of a ftrange and extravagant growth, fuch 
as the Liquorife that grows out of the Walls of the old Veru- 
lam, the Yew-Tree in J?r*Jwir»-Church Yard almoft 20. feet 
in Diameter, the Black Cherry-Tree at Bredgar in Kent 60. 
feet in Height before it. comes to the Branches, the ftrange 
Tree in the way between Oxford and Reading, the painted 
Oak in the Weft of England* the painted Sycamore in the 
PhvfickrGarden Oxon. Glaftenbury-Thom and # Solon-Getfe. 
All fuch Herbs as are of ufe in Trade, as Wold for Dyeing, 
KoB for Glafs- Works, Fucus marifimuf, or §>uercus maritime, 
which grows plentifully in the Ifle of Thanet, they burn it to 
Afhes and then it is call'd Kelp, which put into Barrels is 
carried over into Holland* with which they glaze all their 
Earthen Wares. 



« They are fince found to be Birds whofc Eggs lay on the lower 
Soughs of Trees under or near the Sea, 

Next 



ijO Dr. Plot's Account $f a defign'J Journey 

Next I {hall enquire of Animals, and nrft of ftrange People, 
fuch as the Gubbings in Devon-fore, the People of* Cbarleton- 
Curley in Leycefler-Jhhre. Of any ftrange Accidents that at- 
tend Corporations or Families, as that the Deans of Rocbefler 
ever fmce the Foundation by turnes have died Deans and 
Bifhops. The Bird with a white Breaft, that haunts the Fa- 
mily of £ Oxtnbam near Exeter* iuft before the Death of any 
of that Family. The Bodies of Trees that are feen to fwioa 
jn a Pool y near Brereton in Cbejbire, a certain warning to the 
Heir of that Honourable Family to prepare for the next 
World. Here alfo of extraordinary Births, as well as Deaths, 
of Men and Beaits. Of Perfons eminent upon any Account, 
as extreme Age, fuch as Thomas Parr. Number or Children, 
fuch as the Lady Temtle, who before flic dy'd faw feven hun- 
dred defended from her. Here alfo of the Cuftoms of the 
Towns and Parifhes at Eafter-Proceffions, or other Times, 
if ftrange. Of Gifts to ftrange Ufes, fuch as that at Cbllbam 
in Kent. Of fuch Animals as are Friends or Enemies to any 
Part of Land or Sea. The Birds call'd Wheat-Ears are found 
only in Suffix. Fifh alfo are peculiar to fome Countries, as 
Pilchards to Cornwal, Bretts to Lincobt-Jbire. No Ratts,no 
Moles or Wants were ever found in the Ifle of Sbepey. No 
Ratts or Mice at Fijbtoft in Lincoln-Jhire. No Hoggs ever 
known to root on a Green near Towcefier in Northampton- 
Jbire. At all fuch Places the Nature of the Soil muft be look't 
into, and the reafons found out why thefe Creatures are fo 
much either Friends or Enemies to the refpe&ive Places : as 
'tis prefum'd that the reafon why neither Ratts or Wants live 
in the IQl&qS Sbepey is becaufe there the Earth is full of Cop- 
perice-Stones, which are poyfonous to them. 

I {hall endeavour alfo to make a full Colle&ion of Britijb, 
Romany Saxon, and ancient Englijh Money, found very plen- 
tifully in many Parts of the Nation. So likewife of Urns, 
Lamps,Lachrymatories,fuch as are found &t Ncwington in Ktnt % 
whereof I have fome in my Poffeffion. Here I (hall place 
alfo all ancient Inscriptions found-on ancient Monuments, and 
ruinous Buildings, fuch as the Hebrew on the Walls of the old 
Caftle at Canterbury, which I guefs to have been done by Jews 

m Of the JVbarlet in Leieeftet 'Jbire vid. Burton p. 67. fi Mr. 
^bomas Rawlinfon hath a little 4" Pamphlet of the Oxenban % % M%r 
ipily, with the Cut and fome Account, y Of the Breretont vid. 
Daniel King's Vale Royal p. 79, 80. where it's handfomcly ac- 
counted for, 

imprifon'd 



Through England and Wales, 171 

icbprifim'd there in the time of King Richard the I. or Edward 
the I» All ancient Rebus's, fuch as that of Abbingdon m Berks: 

Cfie firff %ttm of our facet aHpr» a Wtorfor of W*t, 

an I and an N, 
3tfie colour of an £&, attiJ ta$at ftafie pott t&ett? 

Such was that of one Summers f who fet up a Piece of a Rump 
of Beef for his Rebus. Here alfo of Britijb, Roman, and 
foxva Fortifications j of Raman Ways, fuch as Stone-Street 
between Canterbury and iftYAf, iforArry-Caftle in /f7//J, the 
Fofle, the Ditches and Banks caft up by the Eaft- Angles a- 
gainft the Incurfions of the Mercians in Gambridge-ftnre, £sfr. 

Next I fliall take notice, as I pafs by the Country, of all no- 
table Mountains, Caves, Barrows &c. which (where thought 
fit ) may be ftnfidy examin'd. Such are Silbery-Hill and 
Jvockey-HoU in &omerfet-/hire 9 the Peak of Derbv, and Elden- 
Hele, the Barrows of the Downes in Wilts, at Ouantigh in Kent 
and other Places. Mounts at Noblemens Houfes, fuch as 
that at my Lord Seymour's at Marleboroutb. PI endeavour 
alfo to find the Ifle Barucbus on the Coaft of Wales, menti- 
oned by Varenius in his Geography, in which he fays there's a 
Cave from whence are heard tne Noife of Hammers, the 
Blowing of Bellows, as if it were the Shop of the Cyclops. 
As alfo the Cave lying under a Mountain in Britanny, men- 
tioned by Clemens AUxandrinus *, which receiving Wind at 
it's gapemg top, and dafhing it into the Bofom of an hollow 
Place, there is beard a Tinckling of Cymballs beating in 
Tune and Time. This Mountain and Cave by fome of a 
ftrong Fancy has been thought to be at a Place in Hereford- 
/hire. Here alfo of Eccho's that repeat Words divers Times, 
and of other Sounds. 

Laftly, great Care fliall be had in a juft Obfervation of all 
*Thaumaturgicks, or Monfters of Art, Works that may pro- 

Eirly be faid to be done Arte Syracufia. As of all Sorts of 
ngines, either for Conveyance of Waters or Removal of vaft 
Weights. Of Buildings : either wonderfuL fuch as that of Stone- 
Henge, the flat Floor of Timber at the theater y and the other 
of Stone at Qjuerts Coll. Oxon. the Kitchin at Glaftenbury- 
Abbey without any Chimney ; or very unufual in Proportion, 
a9 CudtfloTu Church in Kent, of which it is {aid ft pou tOOltlO 



m Strom. Lib. VI. p. 632. 

0Ot 



171 Dr. Plot's jfeemtt ef m defign'd Journey 

gte tt a C|otc!> mtftwnt, pou muff go to Cuckftoneftt 

Kent ; or carious, whether of Cathedral, Collegiate or Paro- 
chial Churches, Chapels, orotherPuhlickButldmgs, fucha* 
the Theater at Oxon. the Schools and Colleges of each Uni- 
yerfity ; Town-Halls, or the Halls of Companies in Cities, 
if eminent; Palaces of the King, Noblemen's Houfes, Bridges, 
Mercat-Crofles, Conduits : of thefe if extraordinary in the 
whole, or in any of the Parts ; as Towres, Spires, Cupelo's, 
Portico's, Fronts, Gallerys, Pillars, Roofs. To thefe aid 
Screens, Fonts, Altar-Rails, Funeral Monuments, Fret- Work 
of Ceilings, that at the Sermon-Houfe at Canterbury is excel- 
lent; Stair-Cafes, that at Bktcbinton is famous; Chimney* 
Pieces, Windows, thofe in the Upper-Gallery of the Theater 
are wdl contrived. And fo of all other Parts of Publick or 
Private Buildings down to a Bolt, Hafp, or Latch of * Door, 
if of rare Contrivance. Thefe if well deftgn'd, cut in Copperw 
Plates, and printed off, would pnfiUr prove an acceptable 
Work, which So the Honour of the Nation would (hew the 
World that we are not inferior to our Neighbours and others 
in magnificent Buildings either Pubfick or Private. Hcse 
aJfo of what Improvements have been made in Clock- Work, 
Painting, Graveing, Etching, Dyeing, Weaving, the beft 
Ways of melting and refining MetaHs, of the making of Vi- 
triol or Copperioe at Whitftahk^ the Procefi whereof indeed is 
wonderful : Kelp made in the lile of Tbanet^ and the curious 
Gla£»- Works a? Nottingham. 

Thefe Particulars under their refpe&ire Heads, from a- 
mongft fome thonfands of others of the like nature, were the 
&rft that pnefemed themfelyes to my thoughts, which I here 
offcr.oniy as a Specimen of the whole; fu&icient (I fuppofe) 
to (hew that not only feveral Tracb might be written on 
Subjects fcarce ever yet thought of by any Bngbfi> % much Ids 
attempted ; and many fair Additions made to die Authoss 
following. 

Camden's Britannia, which cannot but be eonfideraU^r aug.- 
mentcd by my Search of all the MBS. in England, bsfifde the 
many Places that want cocredtng botfc in the Book it feB^ 
and the Maps, which I intend to contrive more exquifitdy 
than hitherto hath been done, and to adorn the Lrmhus of 
.each Map with the Arms of rise Nobility and Gantry o£ each 
County. 

Sir Henry Spebnan's Villare Anglieum, which in fome Places 
being erroneous, in others dcfe&ve, I'l amend the one and 

fupply 



Through England and Wales. f~* 

fiipply the other, and add a new Column of the Britijh, Ro- 
ma* and Saxon Names of ever? Place as far as poflibly they 
may be recovered, with the Values of each Re&ory and Vi- 
candge both in the King's Books, and to the Incumbents as 
they have been generally efteem'd communibus annis ; which 
Additions .will render the Book of much greater ufe than at 
prefent it is* 

Mr* Weaver's Funeral Monuments may be continued and 
carty'd on in all the other Diocefes in the fame manner as he 
has done the Diocefes of Canterbury, Rachefter, London and 
Norwich ; to which alfo very fair Additions may be made. 
For befide the many Monuments that fince his Time have 
been erefled, there be many confiderable Antiquities in 
ibme of thofe Diocefes, which to my Knowledge he hat 
pafi'd by. 

Now that I may proceed in this Deftgn without Let or r 
Moleftation, it will be requifite that a Commiffion be ob- 
tain'd from his Majefty to impower me, as Leland was bv 
King Hewy the Eighth in the 25 th of his Reign in thefe 
Words: £htod liceret per omnia regno, & ditionesfuas fpatiari y 
W Antiquitates omnes, Scripta, Recorda, Arcbiva, & quacun- 
que monumenta, notatu digna, injingulis Bibliotheds, CoUegiis, 
odalitiis, BqfiUcis, aliifque locis quibufcunque rimari, W per- 
fcrutari diligenter (tfjideliter. And as for fuch MSS. or other 
Curiofities that (hall be found in private Hands, a Recom- 
mendation from his Majefty mult needs prove fo effe&ual, 
that I (hall furely be admitted to the Perufal or making an 
Abridgment of any MSS. and of having a Sight and Ex- 
amination of all other Rarities either of Art or Nature* 

And that I be not defective in any particular, I intend be- 
fore I fet forth to confult the moft eminent Authors on each 
Subjed, that my Friends or Induftry can help me to ; and to 
take Inftrudtions of the moft knowing Perfons in the feveral 
Parts of the Dcfign, viz. eminent Phyfitians, Antiquaries, 
Chymifts, Architects, Botanifts, Lapidaries, &c. and to per- 
fect my felf in Altinometry, Dcfigning, Drawing Maps &fc. 

Ana that nothing within the Compafs of my Dcfign may 
efcape me in my Travels, befide the general Inftrudions I 
(hall take before I fet forth, I intend alfo to get private Let- 
ters of Recommendation to the moft ingenious in each 
County, and from them again to others of their Acquaintance 
in all Parts, with whom I may confult concerning thefe 
Things* Now leaft they (hould not call to mind any of the 
Particulars inquired after, which poflibly they may know well 

enough 



174 Dr* H*'* ^ccoura of a difigrid JounUy &c. 

enough to be their near Neighbours if but hinted to them ; I 
intend to contrive Interrogatories for every Head, which read 
over to the moft ingenious of every Part of the Nation, 'twill 
be fcarce poffible that any thing confiderable fhould be 
pafs't over. 

This, Sir, with whatever elfe fhall be thought fit to be 
impos'd on me, is the fum of my Defign, which! fhould not 
have prefum'd to have offerM to your Confideration, but that 
I have experimented your generous Temper to be fuch, that 
you do not only admit of Accefs to the meaneft of your 
Clients, but commend their good Intentions, tho' pernaps 
their Propofals deferve no Succefs. In Confidence, Sir, of 
this your Candour I have put thefe Papers fecurely into your 
Hands, the Contents whereof fhould you but approve and 
dire£t to fufEcient Encouragement, and God give Health, 
will be undertaken to be performed in ten Years time bv one 
who never defires more Honour than to be efteemd his 
Countries, and more particularly, 

Sir 

Your moft faithful 

and 

moft obedient Servant 

Rob. Plot. 



THE 

ITINERARY 

O F 

JOHN LELAND 

THE 

A N T I QJJ A R Y. 



Vol. the Third. 



PubljQi'd from the Original MS. in the 

BODLEIAN Library 

By Thomas He a r n e M. A. 



To which is added 



ANTONINUS'S Itinerary through 
Britain^ with Various Readings and 
D r . Robert Talbot's Annotations 
upon it. 



The Third Edition. 



OXFORD, 

Printed at the Th E a t H r for Janus FUtcbtr, BookfeOejr 

in the Turl; and Jo/epb Patty Bookfeller at "£«*«*. 
I MDCCLXIX. 



JOHN BALE in bis Additions to Mr. 
% Lbland's New-Tears-Gift, D. iiij. b. 

SE what worthy travayle this learped man [Joben Ltjlandt] 
hath taken here, for the many folde commodytees of hys 
nafurall contrcy, as a natuiall frynde to the fame. Fyfft he 
perufeS (he profitable monumentes of thys great nombre of 
olde wtytaca, and fay the fetche of th am » hi* fei d y e ufr h a rte 
was enflamed to precede yet farther. For after he had redde 
them over, ha toke upon hym a very* laboryoufe journey 
over all the realme every waye, both by fee, and by lande, 
by the fpace of vj. yeares that he might knowe the coftes 
thertf, as wele by pra&yfe as by fpeculacyon, and thetby give 
inftruccions to other. Marke herin his faboriouft and frate- 
ful doinges, and ye ihall fynde him no lefle profitable to us, 
in the defcrypcion of this particular nacyon, than were Strabo y 
Pliny i Ptbobme, and other Geographers to their perufers, in 
the py&uringe out of the unrveriaU worlde. No fmal dyf- 
commodyte were it now to this lande, yf thefe his worthy 
laboecs ftmdd after any yll fort perifht. For out of the* 
myght men of fondry occupienges fr. fc cb mod wonderful know- 
ledge for' their necd&ry aiFayres every where. Confydcr a 
multitude of thinges here named, yf all their fpeciaitees were 
broughte fourth ones into lyght, as he hath cofleded them 
together, it woulde apere one of the greateft wonders* that 
ever yet was feane in this regyon. The heavenly father 
grain* the eenfervacyoft ef them. 



Ill 

THE 

PREFACE. 

WHEN the Second Volume of this Work was aU 
moji fnijh'd at the Prefs, we receivd the me- 
lancholy and affii&ing News of the Lo/s of the 
Reverend Dr. Henry Aldrich, Dean of Christ- 
Church, who died at London on Thurfday Dec. 14. 
mdccx. and was buried eight days after (viz. on Friday 
* Dec. 22.) in the Dormitory of the Cathedral of Christ- 
Church. If we confider him either as a Chriftian, a 
Gentleman, or a Scholar, be was one of the Greateft 
Men in England. And as be was a very learned Man, 
fo, like Bi/hop Fell, be always promoted and encouraged 
Learning to the utmoji of bis Power. As foon as the Firjl 
Volume of this Itinerary was put into bis Hands be read 
it over with great care, and prefently after fent for me 9 
fooke very honourably of the Performance, commended the 
Defign and the Method obferv'd by me, and in the moft 
obliging Terms (for be was eminent for Modefty and 
Humility) offer d to affijl me with whatever Money J 
Jbould have occqfionfor inputting out the following Vo- 
lumes. I mention the Authority of this truly Great Man, 
not out of Vanity or Oftentation, or that I think the 
higheft Encomiums can add any thing to the Character 
of fo illuftrious and extraordinary a Per/on ; but partly 
out of a duefenfe 0/* Gratitude, and partly by way of op- 
portion to the Objedtions that have been made againjt 



* At which time was a mqfl elegant Latin Speech upon the Qccafton: 

a 2 the 



iv THE PREFACE. 

the Undertaking (grounded chiefly upon my being Jo exa£t 
in following the Originals) by three or four fanciful, con- 
ceited and invidious Men' (for I do not hear that there 
are any more) of an inferior Oafs, of whom I Jh all take 
no farther Notice. 

But whereas there mui needs be fever al Miftakes in a 
Work of this nature *, (which depends fo much upon Tra- 
dition and the Information of others ;J if any Perfons 
upon Difcovery of any fucb Jhall be pleas d to put them 
down, and afterwards communicate them to me in as few 
Words as poffible, I Jhall look upon it as a lingular Fa- 
vour, and I will take care to correct them in a Review 
of the whole Work that /> defignd to be printed in the 
laft Volume. But then they are defird to ufe all imagi- 
nable Caution, and to build their Obfervations not upon 
Fancy and Conjedtures (which are then only to be in- 
dued when there is no clearer Proof) but upon the beft 
and mod authentick Evidence, fucb as may ferve to in- 
form not impofe upon the Reader. 

As for AntoninusV Itinerary with various Le<ftions 
and Dr. Talbot'* imperfeft Commentary, J have dif- 
cours d particularly q/ them in a diftindl Preface; which 
will therefore Juperfede whatever may be exjpe£led about 
them here. I Jha/l only beg leave to add that I have 
fome reafon to think that our Bodlejan Copy of Dr. Tal- 
bot\r Commentary did not only once belong to the famous 
Mr. John Stowe, but that 'twas written by Mr. Stowc'j 
own Hand. The other Extrafts out of MZS. were add- 
ed by me on purpofe tofupplyfome vacant Pages ; and' t is 
botfd they will neither be unacceptable to the Reader, nor 
be hck'd upon as forreign to the Defign. 

BODLEJAN Library 
April 18. mdccxi. 

Ex 



r v 

Ex Coixct MS. penes editorem, pag. 70. 
* Of the Bacon at Dunmowe [in Eflex.] 

RObert Fitz-ffalter, Lord of Woodbam y and fa- 
mous in the tyme of KingHenry the thyrd, be- 
tooke himfelf at his latter tyme to Prayer, gave great 
and bountifull Almes to the Poore, kept great Hol- 
pirality, and reedifyed the decayed Q> Priory of D««- 
mowe, which one Juga a devout and religious Wo* 
man, being his Anceftor, had buylded. In which 
> -Priory'' arofe a Cuftome, began and inftituted ei- 
ther by him or fome of his Succeflbrs, that he which 
repenteth him not of his Marriage deeping or waking 
in a yeere and a day may lawfully goe to Dunmowe 
and fetch a Gammon of Bacon. This Cuftome con- 



m There is another Account in the Monafticon Angl.V oh IL pag. 
78. a. There is likewife a Relation concerning this Cuftom in a 
Book intituled : The Honourable Prentice: Or, tit's Taylor is a 
Man. Shewed in the Life and Death of Sir John Hawkewood, fome- 
time Prentice of 'London : interlaced toitb the famous Hiftory if tb* 
noble Fitz- Walter, Lord of Woodhzm /« Eflex, and of the poifoning 
of his fairi Daughter. Alfo of the merry cuftomes of Dunmow, 
where any one may freely have a Gammon of Bacon 9 that repents not 
manage in a yeere and a day. Whereunto is annexed the moft la- 
mentable murther of Robert Hall at the High Altar in Weftminfter 
Abbey. I have feen two Impreffions of this Book, one in 161 5. 
and the other in 1616. Both were printed at Landau for Henry 
Gojfon in c. Sheet* in 4to. Moft of the Copies are now got into 
Carious Hands, being written by a skilfull Antiquary. Only the 
Initial Letters of both Names appear, viz. IV. V. which are placed 
at the end of the Dedication to Mailer Robert Valens. Perhaps the 
Author was therefore W. Valens. But whoever he was, he had 
certainly fearch'd ancient Records with a more than ordinary dili- 
gence, and he fcems to me to have been particularly acquainted 
with the Registers of the Heralds-Office. I have alfo feen a (hotter 
Account of this Cuftom amongft the Papers of the Learned Mr, John 
Greaves in the Saviliau Mufeum at Oxford i and 'tis touched upon 
in Blount's Tenures, and Dr. PMs Natural Hiftory of Staffordfliire. 
/» Prifon in Mm. Angl. y Here 'tis alfo printed Prifon in the 
Mm. Angl. 

a 3 tinued 



y\ % 

tinued until the Diflbiqtioii of the Howfc, whcnas 
other Abbyes were fupprefied, in the tyme of King 
flenry the eight, and the Bacon was delyvertd with 
fuch folemnity and triumph as they of the Priory and 
Townfmen could make. 

The Party or Pylgrim for Bacon was to take his 
Oath before the Prior, the Covent and the whole 
Towne, humbly * acknowledging in the Church-Yard 
upon two hard poynted Stones ; which Stones, as 
they fey, remayne to be fcene there to this day. His 
Oath being miniftred with a long Proccfs and fo~ 
Icmne Singing over him all the whyle, he was after- 
ward taken up and carryed upon mens (holders, firft 
about the Priory Church-Yard, and after through the 
Towne, with all the Fryars and Bretheren, and all 
the Towne* Fokk young and old following him with 
Shouts and Acclamations, with his Bacon borne be* 
fore him, and foe was he with his Bacon fent to his 
owne hoame. Of which Bacon fpme had a Gammon* 
and fome a Flitch; and it appeareth by the Re* 
cords of the Houfe, that three ievcrall at three feve- 
*aU tygaes had the one or the other. 

The Records are thefe: 

Memorandum, That one Stephen Samuell of Lit- 
tle- Afton, in the County of Effex Husbandman, came 
tt the Priory of Dunmowe on our Lady-day in Lent, in 
in the 7. yeere of King Edward the fourth, and requi- 
red, a Gammon of Bacon , and wasfworne before Roger 
£ Rukot then Pry or ', and the Covent of this Place \ as 
aifo before a multitude of our Neighbors : • and there 
was delyvered to him a Gammon of Bacon. 

Memorandum, That one Richard Wright ofy Bade- 
ourg neere the City of Norwich, in the County of Nor- 



« Kneeling Moq. Angl. fi Bkhttt Mon. Aug), y Badbmrgbe 
Mon. Aogl. 

folck, 



Til 

folck, came and rtpfyred of the Bacon of Dunmowe, 
namely the & 17. day of April m the 23. yeere of the 
Raigne of King Henry the Jixt ; and awarding to the 
forme of the Charter was.feeorne btfore John Cannon 
then Pryor 9 and the Covent, and many other Neighbors \ 
and there was delivered to him a Ftiieb of Bacon, 

Memorandum, That in the yeere of our Lord God 
1 sio. Thomas Ic Fuller offi Coggefliall, in the County 
cfEBex, came to the Pryory o/Dunmowe, and required 
to have feme of the Bacon of Dunxnowe, apd on the 8. 
day of September, being Sunday, in the 2. yeere of 
King Henry the eight, he was, according to the Forme 
of the Charter ', fworne before John > Taylour, then 
Pry or of the Howfe y and the Covent : as alfo before a 
smbitudo of Neighbors f and there was delivered unto 
Urn a Gammon of Bacon. 

[J* Hereby it appeareth that it was according to a 
Charter, or Donation, given by fome conceited Be- 
nefactor tQ the Houfe * And it is not to be doubted 
but that, at fuch a time, the bordering Townes and 
Villages reforted, and were Partakers of their Paf- 
times, and Iaught to fcorne the poor Man's Paynes.] 

The Oath. 

You lhatt fweare by cuftome of Confeffion, 
If ever you made nuptiall tranfgreflion, 
Be you eyther marryed man or wyfe, 
f By howfhold Brawles or contentious ftrife ; 
Or otherwyfe at Bed, or at Boord 
£ Offend each other in deed or word t 
Or fynce the Parifh Clarck fayd Amen, 

m 27. Mon. Angl. fi Coojbal Mon. Angl. y Tils for Ttjkur 
in the Mon, A*gL i What is here inclos'd I have added out of 
the Mn< AngL • Jfye* b*vt Brawls or cndMims Strife Moo* 
Angl. £ Ofendid Mon. Angl 

You 



VIII 

You wifht your-felves unmarried agcn ; ' 
Or in <*a twelve-month's tyme and a day 
Repented not in thought any manner of " way; 
But continued > true and juft in defyrc, 
As when you Jjoyn'd hands in the holy Quyer : 
If to thefe conditions, without all feare, 
Of your own accord you will freely fwcarc, 
* You (hall of our Bacon of Dunmowe receive, 
And beare it from hence with love and good leave. 

For this is our euftome £ of 11 Dunmowe well kmrnne y 
^though the upaftyme" be ours the Bacon's your awne. 

Out of Mr. Dodfworth's MSS. Coll. Vol. 125. fol 80. b. 

&L %?'* *** Mannor of Raylie in Eflex bath a Cuftome Court 
t«t. in™*' kept yearely the Weddenfday nexte after MichaelVday. 

Hundred dc 

C^r^c. The Court is ^P* in thc Ni g ht > and without Light, 
but as the Skyc gives, att a little Hill without the 
Towne called the Kings Hill % where the Steward 
writes only with Coales, and not with Incke : And 
many Men and Mannors of great worth hold of the 
fame, and do fuite unto this / ftrange Court, where 



« A twefve-monetb and a day Mon, Angl. $ Deftfnt Mon. Angl. 
y True in thought and deftre, Mon. Angl. \ Joined bands in the 
2tuire> Mon. Angl. i A whole Gammon of Bacon you Jball receive, 
And bear it hence with love and good leave Mon. Angl. { At Mon. 
Angl. n Pleafure Mon. Angl. & There is another Account of 
this cullom in Blount's Tenures, p. 147. 1 ftrange Court,] Mr. 
Camden fays * that this ftrange kind of punijbment mayfeem to be 
infiided for the negligence of the Inhabitants in guarding the Sea 
Coafts i and in another place he obferves f that itfeemeth to be a 
Remainder of the old Feodary Cujlom ufed by the Emperours of Almain, 
and Kings y France, who when they faffed into. Italy to receavt the 

• In Wis Supplement to the Topographical Defcription of Britain* 
in MS. under the Author'/ own Hand penes me inter Codd. Smith* 
f Amos n. VII. p. 27. f In pag. 65, of the fame Work. 

Imperial 



IX 

the Steward calls them with as low a Voice as pofli- 
bly he may ; giving no notice when he goes to the 
Hill to keepe the fame Court, and he that attends 
not is deepely amerced, if the Steward will. 

The *tytU and Entry of the fame Court is as followed, viz. 

Curia de Domino Rege 
DiSaj « fine lege, 
Tenia eft ibidem* 
Per ejufdem cenfuetudinem, 
Ante or turn fobs, 
Luceat nifi polus 9 
Senefcballm folus, 
Scribit nifi colts. 
Clamat clam pro Rege 
In curia fine lege. 
Et qui non cito venerit 
Citius petnitebit\ 
Si venerit cum lumine 
Errat in regimine. 
Et dumfine lumine 
Captifunt in crimine. 
Curia fine cura, 



Imperial Crown at Roncalta neare to Placentia, encamped, and bang- 
ing up a Shield upon an high Pole fnmmoned with a lone Voice all 
tbat held in Fee of them to be prefent, and anfmer to their Namej at 
Midnight 9 which whofoever negleQedwas amerced with the kfs of his 
Landes. Of this you mayereade (fays he) Gunther the o# Germane 
Poet in his fecund Booke. Mr. Weever like wife gives * a particular 
Account of this odd Cuftom, and remarks that he was informed 
tbat this fervile Attendance was impofed at the firft 9 upon certaine 
Tenants of diver* Mannar s hereabouts, for confpiring in this place 
[Raylie], atfucb an nnfeafonable time, to raife a Commotion, m Tis 
commonly calTd the Lawlefs-Conrt. 

• Fan. Monuments p. 605. 

Jurata 



« Jurata do injuria, 

Tenia eft die f Mercuric 
prox.pofl.fijhm Sc. Micha€Iw. 

This is taken out of the 3. Bookc of the S*r- 
veyofs Dialogue by Jo. Norden. 1 61 8. 



* Sic. fi Sk. 



Vol. 



■ ■■ i iii ■ ' 

Vol. m. 
The ITINERARY of 

JOHN LEILAND] 

That famous Antiquahy 

Bcgunnc about 1538* 30. H. 8. 
[Subfcribed] WiUiam Burton. 

fe> The Number of Folios anfwering the Original 
is put in the Margin. 

FoL t. 

FROM WadebridgelxoAt There cummith a Broke from 
a Mile, and ther I pajfid Carnfeys Houfe, and goith into^- 
« over a Brooke. Iqrie by Eft Ripe a Myle above 

This Broke rifith a *. Pade/fow. 
Miles by Eft North Eft This Brooke is aubid the Lairufi. 
above St. EJi, and fo cumming by 

S. EJJij reruiith a 5. Miles to this y The broke Lajn into Alan* 
Bridge, aod fo gGith above /PWr- near Bcdmyn Town," 0&1 wow. 
frftb* into the ftreame of Akne. 

From this Bridge to Dunmere Bridge of 3. J* Arches a a. 
Miles, under the which Alone rennith. 

A very litle beyond ys a Bridge of one Arche, under the 
which the Broke that cummith from Bedmyn rifith, and ji 
litle beneth Dunmere Bridge goith ynto Alane. 

There is a nother Broke cum[ing] from South Weft, that 
goith a 2% [Miles] byneth this Confluence into A/[ane] on 
the fame fide t above" Wa\di\ Bridge. 



m Over deeft G. jS points are put after the Laine in 6. 
ydefuntG. J Miles G. aide, t *b*rt Wacdcford Bridge. St. A- 

From 



xa LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

From Dunmert Bridge to Bodmyn a Mile. 

The Toune of Bodmyn lyith almoft in lcnghth by Weft 
and Eft. 

« There is a Chapelle at the ... . [End of the Towne] 
and [anojther at [the] 

The [Paro]che ch[yrch at ] [Ende of 

the Towne. a/9 Carnarye Chappell in they Chyrch. J 

The Priory ftode at the Eft South Eft part of the Paroch 
Chirch Yard. 

Ther lav buryed before the High Altare in a High Tumbe 
of a very Darkefche gray Marble one Thomas Viviane Prior of 
Bodmyn, and SufFragane Megarenfu Epi/copatus. He dyed 
not long fins. • 

Ther was a Place of Gray Freres by South on the Market 
Place of Bodmyn. One John of London z Marchaunt began it. 

Edmunde Erie of Comewautte after was a great Bencfa&or 
to it. 

There lay Sir Hugh PeverelU and Sir Thomas PeverelU Be- 
nefa&ors to this Houfe. 

A Ryver and a Bridge. This Ryver cummith from South 
Eft and gotth into Alone a s. Miles above Padeftow by the 
Weft Ripe ; and it ebbith } and flowith up from Alone % up" 
into the Creke of the Ryver. 
M. i. From Bodmyn to S. Columbts an 8. Miles. 

From Bodmyn to S. Laurence > wher a poor Hofpital or La- 

JOne of the'PaW- zar Ho " fc is ' J*? ut a T*- a*"? l **& 
Us gave a litle Annuite ovcr a J to ? c ?"}& "J un * CT f J 1 ™ h 

onto this Houfc. a P"7 Br °£ j** ""Fl* L OU i,° fthcI Sf? CS 

from South Efte, and goit into Alone a 2. Miles 

above Padeftozv by the Wefte Ripe, and by the Meanes 

of the Se and Creke it ebbith and flowith up into the Creke 

of this Ryver". 

From S. Laurence I paffid by Morifch Ground al baren of 



« At the Weft end there is a Cbapell At the Eft ende is the 
Paroebe Cburche with a Cbapell in the Cburcbe Yard. The Prio~ 
rie ftode at the Eft &c. St. $ Vid. Vol. 2. Fol. 15. where 
ipeaking of Abbingdon Mr. Leland makes mention of a Canary 
CbapdL y Towne for Chyrch in G. J and flowith • from Alan*, 
vp into the Creke of this Ryver St. & G. 1 Redundat. 

* From Alaoe deleft. 

Woodde 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 13 

Woodde a vj. M[iles] leving about this vj. Miles « Ende S, 
C*l[umbes] about a 2. Miles of on the right Hond. 

And ther about I lefte fi Caftelle .... dinas on the fame 
Hand, a good Mi[le] of. But I faw no Building on it, but 
an Hille bering that Name. 

THens to' Mtcbtl a litle thorough [Fare] a 2. [or 3. Miles 
by] Morifch E Grfound all] baren[ of Wood'.] • • 

Thens [a 5. Miles to y a] litle and p[aroch 

Church.] And [ } hereabout the] 

• . • erfy good Corne.] 

This ArundaU gyvith no part of the Humfre ArundaU a Man 
Armesof great ArundaU of Lanheron hy of mene Landes' brother 
S. Columbes. to 1 old ArundaU of Lan- 

But he told me that he thought that he heron. 
cam of the Arundaks in Baft Normandy 

that were Lordes of Cufy Caftelle, that £ Humfre ArundaU a Man 
now is defcendid to one Mounfeir de la of mene Landes Nephew 
Fontaine a French Man by Hcire Ge- to ArundaU'. 
nerale. Syr John ArundaU Sun 

This ArundaU ys caullid ArundaU and Heir to ArundaU of 
of Trerifi by a difference from ArundaU Lanheron. 
of Lanheron. Syr n Thomas ArundaU 

Trerjfe is a Lordfhip of his a 3. or 4. Brother to Syr John 9-. 
Miles from AUin Chirch. Arundal Brother 

ArundaU of Trertfe had to his firft to Syr John and Thomas hath 
Wifeoneofthe2.DoughtersandiHeire Land of his Fathers . . . e. 

« GraneviUe ArundaU of .... yh 
of Boville alias aBeville, andGrenefeld [F]almuth Haven cam out 
had the other, and they had betwixt of the [Hou]fe of Lanheron. 
them litle lak of 400. Markes of Landes x . . . ribars * where Trevag- 
by the Yere in partition. [nio\n now dwellith was 

The Houfe that John ArundaU of once the ArundalUs. 

m Sie in AuSograpbo. And fro ende in B. /S Caftelle Eniinas 
St. Caftle Dinas G. lta in Autograph*, mi/ere exefo ae diUeerato. 
Gaftellumditas in B. ya liile Village andParocbe Churche cawlen A- 
lein. And hereabout good Corne. Andfo a myle So Guernck Maftar 
Arundel*/ Houfe. This Arundel! gsvySbe Sec. St. I shereabout she 

very G. 1 old deeft G. { Deeft bare {. in B. « Pro 

Thomas B. babe S John. $ ArundaU G: iHeiresQ. » and Sir Gttnt- 
▼ilk bad she other G. SicAnSogr. Gnmeville nempe fupra Rn.pofito, 
Greaevile tantum in B. A Carie bayes where Mr. Trevagnion G. 
Cariehaks B. 

1 Ground* baren of Wood St. a wher. 

Trtri/t 



H 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
Trerife dwellith yn wai Bttoilks : and Chid Btuitie gave the 
Ox in Gules in his Aim£*« 
There ys yet one of the Name of the B[etriksj a Man] of 

a C. B. land, [purchafed bf the] Grandfather of 

[Bevile now living.] This Seville hath [ed] 



F0L3. 



[Brother of Sir JdU] Arundale of trerife. 
times in Ca/tel Cair&n. 



Armes 



Sir WiBani Godokban and StrvwJei Daughter his Wif of 
Pernham in Dorfetfirire. ... 

Sr. /Pi/mot Godolchdn and Margafst Gtfnne his firft Wife. 
Margaret was one of the 3. Heifes of wyh of MbrtOak by 
LowrVater toward 5. Germans. 



mPivian's Grant-Father was 
a Man of mene Land. 

Vivian's Father was a ga- 
lant Courtier fet forth by So- 
rrier fet Lord * Herbert. 

Vivian now being Heir 
hath Aim more Land then 
his Father had, and yet he 
hath fcant an hunderith 
Marke by Yere. 

This rtvMJi.hath an Un- 
cle a Lawier a Man of mene 
Landes. 

The Heir of the eldeft 
Houfe of the Vivians is now 
Lord of Tredine Caftelle at 
the Sottthe Weft pointe of 
Cernejoai. 

There was found in homi* 
num memoria digging for the 
Fox a Braise [Pot] f»l of Ro- 
man mony 



Vivian of Trelawaren had another. 

fi Richard Kendale offVoTgy had the 3. 

William GoddLhd* the Sunne and 
Blanch Ldngdon his Wife. 

y LangdoH dWellith it Kenefel by S. 
Get manes. 

S. Albine his ftok cam out of Britain*. 

Ther is another Houfe of the 8. Al- 
hines in Somef/etjbire. 

Graineville. 

Mlntu* dwelfifh at PergrbinMk. 
* Foriefcue of Phite. S 

Forte/cue of Prejdn. J *1 ih D/- 

Forte/cue of SprilMtt*. >V9nflAte. 

Forte/cue of Wyniejlun. I 

Robert Forttfctie of PVbod.J 

Fulford a Krilght at Fidford irt De- 
vonjhtfe. 

Campernulphus aiias Chambe[rnoh 
* Dnsde Trewardreth \]&fund&tor] prio- 
ratus nwwehorum, 1 fit; /jra Dnt .... 
mm* [Camperriulpfius 



« Vivian*/ Grant-Fatbit &c.) Vivian ^ Tfefototfte 
r/*/ Ifc /*tW Daughter and Giheirt of Giynne. W« Vivian'/ 
father was a Man of mene Landes. His Fatbef tods a gallant 
Arc. G. fi Richard Kendall 0/ Worftgy married the third Daggb* 
t*r 9 and Coheirs of Glinnc G . y Wbith Lan£don 6. I DnZ &<* 
de Trewardreth St. & G. 1 fw poft Domini erant ejtfdm mtnafi- 



fioebcrt. 



ter 



^ELAND'S ITINERARY. tj 

Dnsit] .... [Dtvni*]\ .... [were Lordes.J 

T « n <i*a i ^fr^w or riacbam by For toy. 

{Vivian. 
Restimtr. 
Brifi at £n/ in 4f**ti. 

Cewlin at £ 7r$uigHs. 

y Cowl m*r\cd Sir AKZKmi Gafrfrtf* Sifter. 

Ptfi/r was a Man of very fair Landes in Ccrneivau/le : and 
emong other Thinges he was Lord of the Ifle of Pryutn that 
now oefoendith to Kitigrnv. 

Bewfray: » id eft de Beth prato. 

Archedeem. 

TrefinHp at Penriru, a Man of 40. Mark Landes, mo&part 
•f it Jyith about Pade/hw. 

Ex vita Sanftae Breaca. Fal.* 

)* Barricius focius PatritiL ut legitur ill vita S. Wymeru 

S. Breaca nata in partibus Lagoid* & Wtoni*. 

Campus Breaca in Hiberma^ % in quo Brigida oratorium 
conftruxit, & poftea Monafter. in quo fuit & S. Breaca. ^ 

Breaca venit in Cornubiam comitata multis SanAis, inter 
quos fuerunt Sinninus Abbas, qui &m* cum Patritio fuit, jfcfo- 
num*; Monaehus, * Gtmunocbus rex Ehvtn, Creivenna, Helena. 

{Breaca appulit fub Atyrr cum fuis, quorum partem ocei- 
dit Tewder. 

Breaca venit ad nPencair. 

Breaca venit ad Trenewith. 

Breaca adificavit occl. in Trenewith & Tabneneiby ut legitur 
in vita S. Ehmm. 



ter maneriu Campefnolphus nunc iominus de Modbyri in emitatu 
Devonian He was Jjerd rf Beie toward Exceftre St. Ut cdidi- 
mtw m B. 8c G. nifi quod monafter. pro maner. habeant. « si. 3. 
in Menek of fairs living G. /S Tressegles G. y GrcW] Cmm/ B. 
Crxr/ G. r Barricins] Bmtricm B. t * * 0*w] Sic in Autogr. 
son in qua, ut in Autographo Burtoniano. £ &V /* Jutograpbe. 
Breach tantum, omijjh Tccla fnprafcripto, in B & G. « Pencaim G. 
fed infra habet Pent air. 



1 idem fo id •& a Banicui, 3 Gfrnunocv* 

Lijknd. 



l6 LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

Leyland. .... 

Pencair an Hille in Pembro Paroch, « vulgo S. . . . . . j 

Revier Caftellum Thetdori in oriental! parte oftil HsyU 
flu. nunc, ut quidam putaot, abforptum a (abulo. it was on 
the North Se. 

Trenewitb a litlc from the Paroch [ /ft Church] of Pcmlr* f 
wher the Paroch Chirch [was] or ever it was fet at Pembro. 

Talmeneth a Manfion Place in [Pembro."] 

Cairdine an old Manfion of the Cotvlines, wher now Wil- 
liam ' Godolcan dwellith. 

y Came Godalcan on the Top of an Hille, wher is a Diche, 
and there was a Pile and principal Habitation of the Godol- 
cans. The Diche yet apperith, and many Stones of late Time 
hath beene fetchid thens. it is a 3. Miles from S. AficbaeTs 
Mont by Eft North Eft. 
Caftmm. Cair Renin, alias Gonyn & o>Conin y ftoode in the Hille of 
Pencair. There yet apperith 2. Dithes. 

Sum fay that Conan had a Sun caullid Triftrame. 

S. Germocus a Chirch 3. Miles from S. MuhaeTs Mont by 
Eft South Eft, and a Mile from the Se. his Tumb is yet 
feene ther. 

i S. Germok there buried". 

S. Germokes Chair in the Chirch Yard. 

S. Germoke's Welle a litle without the Chirch Yard. 

Garfike y alias Pengarfikcj ncre the fhore a 3. Miles by Eft 
from S. Micbaeles Mont. 
. a a Doughfcr . . One Henry Force was Lord of it. 



* vulgo S. Banha St. Sic in Jttcgr.V ulgo S. cum pun&is* fo- 
lium laceratum ejfe indicantibus 9 omifit B. Vulgo cum Pun&is G. 
fi Cburcb deeft G. y Or«* Godalcan] So in the Orig. Not 
Cairve Go dole an y as in ^r/. f Conin, a fupra 1 in G. 
1 defunt G. £ Tbcfe broken words ft and in tbe margin ef tbe 
Original. In Mr. Burton's Copy tbej are brought into tbe hay of 
tbe Page 9 and are placed fomewbat lower thus : Milatun hath part 
of Mewis Landes in Devonjbin by one of the Hcircs general! 
of Mewis of Mewis Urtb a Daughter and Heire of the Godalcans 
married to Henry Force. Yonge Milatun hath Sir ... . Godolcan* s 
Daughter to his Wife. Markein a great longe Tottne &c So 
tbat be bath omitted tbefe words \ Milatun hath Milatun yn Devon- 
Jbire. Wbich are alfo omitted in G. in wbicb tbis Pajfage differs 
fiery little from Burton. 

I Godalcan. 

. : . the 



LELAND'S ITINERARY; 17 

• % fc the Go . « One of the Werthet Wives gave a 

• . . aried to t late this Land with a Doughter of hers 

to one of the Milatum of Dtvonjhir. 

Mslatun hath MtUrtun yn Devon/bin is 

bath part of Mewis Land ...... ir by one of the 

Heires generate race of Me ..... 

Mtivis. 

Markefin a great long Toun burnid 3. aut ■ 4. anno Henr. Fol. 5. 
8. fi a Gal/is. 

The Paroch Chirch of Marking a Mile Markint and the Mount be 
of. A Pere by the Mount. both in S. Hilaries Paroche. 

Comes Moritonia & Cornubia made 
a Celle of Monkes in S. Michel Menu 

This Celle was ons gyven to a College in Cambridge* 

Syns given to Syon. 

A fair Spring in the Mont. 

Ludewin, alias Ludevaulles, wher, as Aim fuppofe, was a 
Caftel a Mile by Weft from Mar&e/m* it longid to the Lord 
Brooke. 

Penfandes a. Miles of by Weft. * there is a litle Peere. 

Ntwlin a Mile lower on the Shore, there is a Peere. 

Newlin is an Hamlet to Moufibole. 

Moufibole a Mile lower. There is a Pere. 
Portus infulae. 

Moufibole in Cornijb y Port enis. 

A Bay from Newlin to Moufibole caul- There was found of late 
lid Gnaverjlak. Yeres fyns Spere Heddes, 

A litle beyond Moufibole an Iflet and a Axis for Warre, and Swerdes 
Chapel of S. Clementes in it. of Coper wrappid up in lynid 



m One of the Worth'/ Wjves gave a late this Land withe a Dcwgb- 
tar of birs to one of the Milatuns of Devonihire. * MUatus bathe 
parte of Mewis Land in Devonfliire by one of the Heyres general/ of 
Mewis of Mewes St. fi & Gal/is defunt G. y Sic in Autogr. ex- 
fUcatione Lit'mafvpra Jin. pofita. Alitor in Apograph* Burtoniano, 
videlicet, Moufibole in Cornijb portus in finu, Portenis Gnaverflake 
m baye from Newlin to Meujebote. A litle beyond &c. Vide % fi lu- 
bet* Edv. Lhuydii, viri pereruditi, & 9 dam in vivis ejfet, mibi ami-' 
eiffimi, Vocabular. comparativ. fub voce Jnfula. 



• Milatum hathe MUttum in Devwifl&ire. Milatw St, 
t 40. a tfaer. 

Vol 3. B There 



18 LELAND'S ITINERARY, 

fcantpertfhid, rtere the Mount There hath bene much « Land de- 
an S.HilaritsPzfoch fi inTynne vourid of die Sea betwixt Pen/andes and 
Works. Moufehole. 

y Ther is an old Legend I of S. Mi- 
thud a ■ Tounlet in this Part [now 

defaced and] lying under the Water. 
S. Buriana an Holy Woman King Ethel/fan Founder of S. J?*r- 
of Irdund fumtyme dwellid in rien's (Jollege and Giver of the Privi- 
leges and Sanctuarie to it. 

Tredine Caftel Ruines at the South 
Weft Point of Penwitb. Manifefta 
adhuc exftant veftlgla. 

I hard fay that one Myendu was 
Lord of it. 

i Myendu blak Mouth or Chtmu. 



this Place, and there made an 

Oratory. 

. King Etbeljlunt goyng hens, 

as it is faid, onto Sytiey and re* 

turning made ex voto a College 

wher the Oratorie was. 



£ Ryvier Caftel almoft at the Eft Part of the Mouth of 
Hayle Ryver on the North Se. now, as fum think, drounid 
with Sand. This Was Theodore's Caftelle. 



Bajfet hath a right goodly 
Lordlhip caullid Treheddy by 
this Cumb. 

Ther cummith a good 
Brooke down by Combe. 

Cenor, and of fum caullid 
JCenor^ . . . ubi fauca [yel] 
nulla veftigia. 

$ Carnbray on an Hil a Ca- 
ftelet or Pile [of J Bajfets a 
Mile Weft of Re[vier] Toun. 
There [was] fumtyme [a 
Pajrk now [defe]cid.*' 



Combe Caftelle, ubi n tm loci ve/Hgiac 
and Pencombe a litle Foreland about a 
Mile upper then Kenor on Severn. 

» Cayl Caftelle a Mile by Eft from 
River in S. Filakes Paroche". 

Nikenor a 2. Miles from Ryvier fum- 
tyme a great Toun now gone. 2. Pa- 
roche Chirchis yet feene a good deale 
feveral on from the other, \ fumtyme in 
the Towne. but it is now commundy 
taken to be in S. Guivian's Paroch. and 
there cummith a Broket to the Sea. 



« Land, BuyUynge, and Wood* devour yd St. fi in the Tynm 
Works G. v The ould Legend of St. Michael fpeaketh of a 
Tounelet B. I of St. Michael, tbat/peketh of a Townlet St. * 
G. 1 Myendu fignifieth blak &e. B. & G. J^RevierG. * f **f G > 
cum quatuor Pun&ia. S Defunt B. * Defunt G. 



1 Tounelet. % fumtyme yn. 



SeyBif 



*9. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

&y&y. F«i"6. 

There be couftfd a 149. Iflettes of Scylky that bere Greflfc 
exceeding good Pefture for Catail, 

S. Mary Ifle is a 5. Miles or more in Cumpace. in it is a 
poore Toun and a meajely ftrong Pile : but the « Roues of 
the Buildinges in it be fore defacid and woren. 

The Ground of this Ifle berith exceding good Corn : in- 
fomuch that if a Ma/i do but caft corn wher Hogges have 
rotid it wyl cum up. 

Inifcaw longid to Tave/Ioke, and ther was a poore Celle 
fi of Monkcs of Taveflok*. « Sum caulle this Trefcaw. it is the 
biggeft of the Iflettes. in cumpace a 6. Miles or more. 

S. Martina Ifle. 

S. Agnes Ifle fo caullid of a Chapel theryn. 

The Ifle of S. Agnes was defolatid by this Chaunce in 
recenti hominum ntenwia. The hole Numbre almoft of v. 
tfoufotde? that vere yn this Ifle cam to a Mariage or a 
Te& into S. Mary Ifle, and goinge homewarde were al 
drownid. 

Ratte Iflande. 

Sayndt Lides Ifle, wher yn tymes Paft at her Sepulchre was 
gret Superftjtioa. 

TJ^esc appere tpkens in diverfe [of] the Iflettes of Habita- 
tions now dene dpuo. 

Guiles and Puffinnes he taken in diverfe ofthefe Iflettes. 

And plenty of Copies be in diverfe ofthefe Iflettes. 

Diverfe y of Iflettes berith wyld Garlvk. 

Few Mqn be glad to inhabite theie Iflettet for al } the 
flcptyfor Robber* by the Sea that take their Catail of Force. 
Theie Robbers be rrencb Men and Spaniardes. 

One Davers a Gentilman of 1 JVilJhir whos chief Houfe 
is at Daundefey : 

And JVbitington a Gentilman of Gloceflrejhire be owners of 
Scylley ; but ihey have fcant 40. Markes by Yere of Rentes 
and Commodites of it. 

Scylley is a KeAmng, that is to fay about an xx. Miles from 
4he very { Weftefte rointe of Cornewaulle. 



m Roves St. Roofes G. Roomes B. fi of 2. Menkes St. y of 
tbefe Iflettes St. 8c G. 4tfe thefe. I tbfir Plenty % becaufe of Sea 
Robbers tbat take away tbeir Cattle by fort e G. • Wilfhire (wbofe 
cbiefg Hon/e is att Daundefer) and one Whitington G. { Weft 
Baft G. 

B 2 Petites 



20 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

t 

Petites principal Houfc was at Ardeuerauim in " Falmouth 
Haven by the Peninfula caullid Ardeuerameur. 

Petitts Landes be now defcendid to Arundale of Trert/k 9 
m Granville Knight, and KilHgrew. 

Thomas Levelts about S. Burianes. 

Kiwartun at Newlin by Moufehole. 

John Godolcan at Moufehole. 

Caudle in S. Cua Paroch at Trearach. 

Carnfew at Bokelley in S. Cua Paroch. 

Nicolle in S. Tedy Paroch by Bokelfy. 

Trecarelle at TrccarelU by Launflon. 
Fol. 7. fi From Mr. Godalcan to Pembro wher the Paroch Chirch is 

to Mr. Godolcan 1 . 



No greater Tynne Workes 
yn al Cornwal then be on Sir 
ffy/liam Godalcan 9 s Ground. 

Heyle Haven fhoken with 
Sand of Tynne Workes. 

Heile Ry ver curamith of 4. 
principale Heddes or Brokes. 
one rifith by South, and other 
by South Weft, another by 
South Eft. the 4. by North 
Eft. 

Mr.Mobunhzth a fair Lord- 
fhip by S. Erthe's caullyd . . . 

Trewinard a Gentilman 
dwelling at Trewtnard yn S. 
Ertb Paroch. 



y The Perfonage impropriate to 
HtyUs in Gloceftrejbir. 

The South Se is about a Mile from 
Pembro. 

From Mr. Godalcan to I Lanant e a 4. 
Miles. 

Paflage at Ebbe over a great Strond : 
and then over Heyle River. 

S. Erth a good Mile above Lanant. 

S. Erth Bridge a good Mile from 
Lannante of 3. Archis a litle * bynetb the 
Paroche that ftondith on the Eft fide of 
the Haven. 

This Bridge was made a 200. Yeres 
f)ns and hath a 3. Arches, afore ther 
was a Fery. 



« Granville Knight] So alfo in St. Burton f & G. without ma- 
king Knight a diftinft Family, fi This Paragraph is read in G. juft 
as 'tis in B. From Mr. Godolcan** to Pembro which is his Paioch 
Churche B. y The Perfonage it impropriate to one Heyles G. 
I Lanant e G. & fie infra. 



t Faulmouth. a bynethe* 



Ther 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 21 

Ther cam to this Place ons, the Haven beyng onbarri4 
and fvns chokid with « Tynne Workes, good talle Shippes. 

There was a Caftel caullid fi * Camhangives^ as apperith, or 
Maner Place now clene doun, not far from the Bridg. 

Dinbam, as fum fay, was Lord of this Place, and to the 
Court therof y be longging many Knightes and Gentilmens 
JTervices. 

The Toune of Lannant is praty. the [Church] therof is of 
S. Vnine. 

S. Jes a 2. Miles or more from Lannant. The Place that 
the chief of the Toun hath and partely dooth ftonde yn 
is a very Peninfula, and is extendid into tne Se of Severn as 
a Cape. 

This Peninfula to cumpace it by the t Rote lakkith litle 
of a Mile. 

Moft Part of the Houfes in the Peninfula be fore oppreffid 
or overcoverid with Sandes that the ftormy Windes and 
Z Rages caftith up there. 

This Calamite hath continuid ther « litle above 20. Yeres. 

The beft Part of the Toun now ftandith in the South Part 
of the Peninfula up" toward another HiUe for Defence from 
the Sandes. 

There is a Blok Houfe and a fair Pere in the Eft fide of the 
Peninfula. but the Pere is fore chokid with 9-Sande. 

The Paroch Chirch is of Ja* a noble Man's Doughter of 
Ireland * and Difciple of S. aarrieus. 

Ja and Ekvine with many « other cam into Comewaul and 
landid at Pendinas. 

This Pendinas is the Peninfula and ftony Rok wher now 
the Toun of S. Jes ftondith. 

One Dinan a Great Lord in Cornewaul made a Chirch at Fol. S. 
Pendinas at the Requeft of x Ja> as it is written yn S. Jes 
Legende. 



tc Tynne IPorkes] Mr. Gale's Copy hath 4. points immediately 
after Workes. & Carnbangives] Carnhangibts B. Carnbanglbes or 
Maner Place, as apperitb, new clene down G. y belong G. belong- 
ed many St. Ifervice G. • Roote G. £ Rage G. « a litle G. 
S- Sands G. # and a Difciple G. * otbers G. A St. Ja G. 



t Carnhaogiba, 

B 3 Ther 



aa INLAND'S ITINERARY. 

Thcr is now at the very Point otPendirtes a Chapel rf S. 
Nicolas ', and a Pharos for Lighte for Shippes failing by Night 
in thofe Quarters. 

The Town of S. Jes is fervid with frefch Water of Bro- 
kettes that rife in the Hilles therby- 

The late Lorde Brock was Lord of S. Jes. now BIuxtLord 
Monjoy and young Poulet. 

S. Pirams in the Sandes is an xviij. Miles from S. Jes up- 
ward on Severn*. 

And S. Carantokes is a 2. Miles above that oh the fliOre. 

Els litle or no notable Thing on the fhorc for fo farre. . 

'The (hore from S. Jes « is fore plagued to S. Carantokes 
with Sandes. 

There dwellith a Gentilman of fi a 50. Markts Land by 
Yere caullid Glynne yn S. Jes. 

From Mr. Godalcaris to Trewedenek about a 4. Miles. 
Whery Thomas Godalcan £yonger] fun to Sir Willyam builditb 
a praty Houfe, and hath made an exceding f fair bio Houfe 
Mille in the Rokky Valley therby. 

Alle the Brookes that cummith from the Hilles thereabout 

father to [ward] this Botom and go • into Lo Poole a % 
Miles beneath.] 

Lo Poole is a 2. Miles in lengbt, and betwixt it and the 
Mayn Se is but a Barre of Sand. And on6 in 3. or 4. Yeres 
what by the wait of the fr;efch Water and Rage of the 8e it 
brekith out, and then the frefch and fait Water tnetyng mak- 
ith a wonderful Noife. But fone after the Mouth is barrid 
again with £ Sande. At other Tymes the fuperfiufte of the 
Water of Lo Poole n drenith 6ut thorough the Sandy Barre 
into the Se. 

If this Barre might be alway kept open it Wold be a good- 
ly Haven up to Haikjloun. 

The Commune Fifch of this Pole is Trout and Ele. 

Hailjloun, alias Hellas^ ftondith on an Hil 9- a good Mar* 
k£t Touri having a Mair and Priv ilege s , and Cmasp twh a 
Yere for Tynne # for Tynne " Blokkes. 



« is fore plagued H $. Otranfofces] to S. Caraotokes is fire 
plagued G. j98 ..o.. Market G. y Mr. Thomas G. i fair 
blocke Houfe and Milks G. Fair blocke Houfe and Milles B. • into 
the Poole G. £ tomtit G. « driveth out G. Driveth A $ Mng a 
good G. 1 Dele, for Tynne and Tynne Blocks G. Blokkes dteft in B. 



There 



LELANiyS ITINERARY, 23 

There hath « bene a Caftelle. 

One Paroch Chirch at the North Weft Ende of the 
Towne. 

An Hofpital of S. John yet ftonding at the Weft South 
Weft End of the ■ Town, of the Foundation of one 
Kylligrin. 

The frcfch Water that goith to Lo Poole cummith down on 
the Weft fide of the Toun, but not even hard by it. 

Wikt\A\\\t Water y cummith within about half a Mile [on 
the Eaft * fide of the Towne. ] 

From Hailjioun to Mogun Bridge about a 2. Miles dim. FoL j. 
Thorough this Bridge rennith at Ebbe a litle Brooke that 
rifith a . . . Miles upper by Wefte. 

It ebbith and fiowith aboute a Mile above this Bridge. 

I faw on the lifte Hand a litle befide this Bridge the prin- 
cipal Anne ofHaiiford Haven caullid Wike y the wich flowith 
/about a 3. Miles upland by North to Wike Mille. and this 
Arme is beten with 2. litle frefch Brokes bering the Name 
oiWyke. 

A flite (hot beyond this Bridge I cam to a Caufey of ftone, 
an the midle wherof was a Bridge having but one Arche. It Gmn 
flowith above this Bridge : and at the Ebbe theje refortith a Brid * e * 
Broke thorough this Bridge that cummith doun from South 
Wefte* A litle beneth thefe Bridges both thes Qrokes in one 
ren into Wik Water. 

Thefe Bridges be a 4. Miles or more from the Mouth of 
Htilford Haven. 

• About a 2. Miles beneth this Confluence rennith up on 
the Eft fide of the Haven a Creeke of Salt Water caullid 
Poulpere, and hemmith in a peace of Mr. Poul JVheverel about half a 
Reskymer J s Parke at Merdon^fo that with Mile lower having a Brooke 
this Creke and the Main £ Se Water of reforting to it. 
the Haven apon a 3. « Partes the Parke is ftrenkthyd. 

There is on the fame fide half a Mile [lower] another 



« bene there G. fi Killigrew St. B. & G. y cummith in G. 
i above G. 1 above a 3. Miles G. { Se deed G. « Partes of 
the Haven is.ftrengtbned G. 



1 toun and place Kylligrin in the Margin ©ppofife to Kylligrin in the Text. 
% fide of Hailftpun St. 



Creek 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 
Creek callid « Cheilnu \anfak.] 

Sooth 

Echc of thcs Crekes hath The be 4. Crekes fi on they Weft 
a Broket referring to them. fide of the Haven thus namid : I Pen 

Ke from the mouth 

CafteU the firft 4. Miles beneth the Bridges, whither Shipes 
do reforte, and here is a trajeflus from the one fide of the 
Haven to the other. 

This is a Mile from the Haven Mouth, and here the 
Shipper communely do ly. 
Mom ^Caullom half a Mile upward. 

Bridge. ' Then Mogun a 2. Miles higher, wher the Bridge is with 
1 S. Mogun 9 s Chirch up apon the Broken 9 Stone. 
Mogun Creeke. 

Gam Gaire wher the Bridg fr is with the Caufey and one Arch : 
Bridge. fo that this brekith as a Creek out of Mogun. 
Gelling Creeke agayne S. « S. Mawnoun Chirch at the very Point 
Mawnouns on the other fide of the Haven on the fide toward Fal- 
hard without the Haven mutb a Se marke. 
Mouth. Gilling Creke brekith 
at the Hcd into 2. Crekes. S. Piranes, alias Kenerine, wher the 

The Patronage of S. An- *San£hiariewas Miles from 

tonics Ion jid to Trewardretb. S. Anionics : and not a Mile from the 
.] Antonio's Chirch [or Main Se. 

hapel befide at Mr. Reskimer hath a Maner caullid 

• . . fand. by his own Name a Mile from Moreden. 

[St.] Antonies ftandith in There hath beene a fair Houfe, but it 
the Point of the Land of 6/7- felle to Ruine in tyme of Mynde. 
ling Creke, and the Mouth * Mr. Reskimer berithinhispArmesa 
Of [Ha]ilford Haven. Wolphe. 

« Cheilow, alias Calmanfake St. fi on the South Weft Syde St. 
& G. y Sie Autogr. South- Weft fide B. s * Pen Kcftel, 4, 
Myles benetbe the Bridge St. • Sic etiam in Autogr. The firft from 
the Mouth 4. Miles in B Se G. % £ Caullous G. 1 Stones G. 
£r is of one Arch with a Caufey G. 1 S. Mawnouns Chirch is at fc>V. 
I almuth as a Se Marke G. « Saneluarie was a Mjle from S. An- 
tonies : Sr. x Chapel befide att .... of the Land. S'. Anthonies 
Jlanding in the Point- of the land of the mouth 0/ Hailford Haven G. 
ft Armcs azure 3. barres a Wolfe in ehitfe faffant argent G, 



rst. 

AC]ha 



1 Mogun Bridg and Gaire Bridg in the Margin. 
* Pen JLeftel, the firft from the mouth 4. Myies St, 



One 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 25 

One of the Resiimers gave * Land to S. Reveritts 2. Miles from 
S. Keverines, for fuftentation of certein GilBng Creejcand not a Mile 
poore folkes. from the Se. 

FromGtfiWBridgto7r<rwtf/«,wherMr. S. Keverin's longgid to Bewle 

g Abbay in Hampjhir [and had 

y ResUmaur now dwellith a good Mile, a Sanc]tuarie priyi[lejgid fl at 

This ) litle Houfelonggid to7remain> S. Keverin's". 
and in tyme of Mynde cam by Heire General to one 7W- 
therde. 

This Trederth hath t befide Landes and a praty Maner 
Place at 

John Risiimer's Mother was Tretbertb'sjDzxighteT.] 

[There is in] Devonjhir one of the [Tremapts, a Man of 
fayre Landes.] 

From Tremayn over Heilford Haven to Morden wher Mr. Folio. 
Resiimer hath a Ruinus Maner Place and a fair Park well 
woddid, £ wherof 3. partes « is with the principal ftreme of the 
Haven, and a Creke caullid Poole Penrith hemmid yn. 

Morden in Conjientine Paroch. 

Then I rode half a mile and more 9* * from of Morden over 
the frefch Water that rifith no far diftance of yn the Hilles 
and goit ftrait into Poulpenritb Creeke. 

About half a Mile farther I rode over an Anne of the 
Broke that cummith doun to Pouhvitberal Creeke. and (one 
after I rode over the greater Anne of the fame Broke, the 
fait Arme lying in the Botom hard under it. 

Then I rode a 4. Miles by * morery and rokky Ground. 

And then within the fpace of half a Mile I cam to S. Bu- 
docus Chirch. This Budocus was an Irifcb Man and cam into 
Carnewalle and ther dwellid. 

A litle from the Chirch there enterid betwixt ij. Hilles on 
the Shore a fhorte Creke lyke an « Havenet, but it was barrid. 

And a Quarter of a Mile farther I cam to Arwermak Mr. 



« Lands to $. Keverines, for the fuftentation G. fi Defunt B. 
y Reskimer G. I litle dccft G. t Befides thefe Landes a pratty B. 
hejldes Lands G. £ whereof three prineipall parts he within the 

prineipall ftreame G. 9 Arc within B. S- from of] L. of from. 
utin Autogr. G. & St. $ morery'} morey St. & G. * Haven G. 



1 of froai 



36 LELANjyS ITINERARY. 

Itlsgrtms Place, ftonding on the Brimme or Shore within 
Foutnwtb Haven* 

This Place hath bccne of Continuaunce the auncient Houft 
of the Ki&grtwes. 

There was an other Houfe of the KtHgnwis defcending 
out of this : and it was in the Town of Ptnrint. Now both 
thefe Houfes be joynid vn one. 
nirmth The very Point of the Haven Mouth being an HiHo 
Mv*&. wheron the King hath buildid a Cartel is caullid P end turn* 
and longgith to Mr. KeBgrewt* It is a Mile in Cumpace 
« by the Cumpace" and is almoft environid with the Se. ami 
where it is not the Ground is fo low, and the Cut to be 
made fo title that it were iniulatid. 

There Jyith a litle Cape or Foreland within the Haven a 
Mile drat, almoft again Mr. Kilignwis Houfe caulKd Pmfufis. 

Bytwixt this Cape and Mr. Z/iigrm/f Houfe one great 
Arme of the Haven rennith up t&Penrint Toun. 

Penrtm 3. good Miles from the very Entery of FAwmih 
Haven and 2. Miles from Penfufis. 

There dwellith an auncient Gentilman caullid Trtfufa at 
this Point of Pinfufis. 
T6L 11. From S. Mawnon to Pendinat by Water a 4. MHes, The 
King hath fet his Cartel on Penixnas at one of the Pointes 
of faiemuth Haven. 

Pmdmat almoft an Ifle. 

Levine Pritklo, alias Levimt P$U 9 betwixt S. Buduus and 
Pemtim*. it were a good Haven but for the fiarre of Sande. 

The firft Creke or Anne that caftith fi outh on the North 
Weft fide of FaUrmrtb geith up Ptrin 9 and at the Ende it 
brekith into 2. Armes, the leffe to the College of Glafmitby 
i. viridis nidus, or Wmg Afar at Perm, the other to S Gluvies 
the Paroch Chirch of Penrtm therby. 

Owt of eche tide of Ptnrint Creke br[eaketb] y out'' an 
Arme or ever it cum to Penrin. 

Stake? and Foundation of Stone fette yn the Creeke at 
Pirrrntf afore the Toun a Htle lower tfeen Wher it brekith into 
Armes. A Gap in the Midle of the Stakes and a Chain. 

Good wood about the South and Weft fyde of * Paurith. 



m by tbi Cumfuce debut St. Dtk. & tamen exftant in G. 
P out St. & G. y Redundal. 



"^ One 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. »? 

One u Water fi Good Bis&op of Exceftre made yn a More 
caullid Glefnitb in the Botom of a Park of his at Penrine a 
Collegiate Chireb with a ProvofL xij. Prebendaries, and 
other Minifters. This College is ftronly wallid and * incaf- 
tellid, having 3. ftrong Towers and Gunnes at the But of the 
Creke?, 

Betwixt the Point of Land of Trefus[es and the] Point 
of Rtftronget Wood is Milor [Creek,] and ther is S. Afi- 
kr % $ Chirch* and be[yond the] Chirch is a good Rode for 
Shiopea. 

Jlaibr Creke goith up a Mile. 

Good wood in Rtftronget. 

The next Creek beyond the I Point in Stronget Wood is 
caullid &tftron\get^\ and 1 going ij. Miles into the Land and 
brekith into 2. Armes, and * St. B . . . . Chirch ftandith in 
the Land ( betwixt ; and on the Arme is a ftone caullid [Co] *Oi 
.... Bridg in the way thens to Truru. 

Betwixt Rit/lrortgitb Creke [and the] Creeke of Truru be 
two Creekcs. 

Trure Creeke is next, and goith up a 2. Miles creking up 
from the principal ftreme. 

This Creke brekith withyn half a Mile of Truru and caft- 
ithyn a Creke weftward by Newborn wood. 

This Creke of Truru afore the very Toun is devidid into 
2. Partes, and eche of them hath a Brook cumming doun, 
and a Bridge, and the Toun of Truru bytwixt them booth. 
The White Fttret Hojife was on the Weft Arme yn Ken- 
wpi ftreate. 

Kenwtn Streat is feverid from Truru with this Arme : and 
Clementes Streat by Eft is feperate on the Eft fide from Truru 
With the other Arme. 



« Walter Brunfcombe G. fl Sit Autograph on. Sed Good delevit 
Bartonns, & * Brounfcombe adjeeit. y After Creke is added in 
G. tobub Bijbof died in 1280. 8™. E. 1. I Point of Reftronget 
Wood St. k G. • goetb G. Goeth B. ( betwixt . ... and on 
tbe Arme is a Stone Bridge caullid Ca. . . . . Bridg &c. G. but 
in St. 'tis thus : bemixt 5 tnd on tbe Arme is a fione caullid Carr 
£ridg*tcc. Laennampofi betwixt babet B. 



[ inofelhtU. x St. Pe St. 



One 



a8 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

One Paroche Chirch in Truru felf. 

Kemven and Clementes Streates « hath feveral Chirchis, and 
here the name of the Sainftes of the Paroch Chirchis. 

Coynage of Tynne at Midfomer and Michelmas at Truru. 

Truru is a Borow Toun and privilegid. 

Ther is a Caftelle a Quarter of a Mile by Weft out of 
Truru longging to the Erie of Carmvalt now dene doun. 
The fite therof is now ufid for a footing and playing Place. 
Out of the Body of fi Tru Crete on die Eft fide brekith a 
Crek Eftwarde a Mile from Truru : and goith up y a [Mile] 

to TreJUion Bridge. 

Fol. t2. At the Emery and Mouth of this Creeke is a Rode for 
Shippes caullid Maples Rode, I faugh t a late xviij. Sail of Mar- 
chant Spaniardes, and 4. Shippes of Wane of Depe. The 
Spaniardes chae'd hither the French Men. 

A Mile and an half above the Mouth of 1 Truru { Creke 

Lan 

caullid « La Moron Creke of the Chirch of S. Moron. This 
Creke goith into the Land a Quarter of a Mile from the 
Maine Streme of the Haven. 

The Mayne Streame goith up 2. Miles zbavcMeran Creke, 
ebbing ana flowing, and a Quarter of a Mile a[bove] is the 
Toune of Tregony^ vulgo Tregny. here is a Bridge of ftone 
9- aliquot apon Pala Ryver. 

Fala River rifith a Mile * or more of RocbebiUe^ and goith 
Pom gondii, by * Granborow, wher is a Bridg of Stone [over] it. Groan- 
pond a 4. Miles a from and 2. t* litle Mile from Tre- 
gony. Mr. Tregyon hath a Maner Place richely begon and 
amply but not en[dedj caullid Wuluedon* alias Goldoun. Fala 
Ryver p betwixt Graunpond and Tregony. 

From Tregony to parfe doune by the Body of the Haven of 
Falamuth to the Mouth of Lanyborne Creeke or J Hille on the 
South Eft fide of the Haven is a 2. Miles. 



« have G. Have B. fi Truro G. Truro B. y a Mile dim. 
to Trefilian Bridge of Stone. TberisaPdroebeofS.MkhcM. At 
the Entery &c. St. Ibere faugbt G. Lege here faught cum B. 
i Truro Creeke is a Creeke called Lan Moran G. £ Is a Creeke B. 
rede, n Sic Autogr. Lan Moran folummodo in B. Lan Moran St. 
$ aliquot arcuum apon Fala Ryver St. « or more Weft of St. * Gran- 
hrow] • Graunpond St. Ganborowe B. x from Rac and a. St. 
I* litle Miles G. » is betwixt G. \ Hille] Pile G. 



• Gnunpond borow* &• 

This 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 29 

This Creke goith up half a Mile from the priftcipale 

Streame of the Haven. 
At the Hed of this Creeke ftandith the Caftelle of Lany- 

borne fumtyme a Caftel « of an 8. Tourres, now decaying for 

lak of Coverture, It longgid as principal Houfe to the 

Archedecons. 
/sThis Landes defcendid by Heires general to the beft 

y Corbet es of x Sbropjbir^ and to Vaulx of jNortbamptonJbir. 
Vaulx part fyns bought by Tregyon of ComewauL 
From Lanyhorne ^Pille is a Place or Point of 1 Land of 40. 

Acres or therabout as a Peninfula* and is caullid { * Ardeue- 

U 

rameur 9 and is a Mile from Lanybom Creke. and the Water 
or Creke that cummith or rennith into the South South Eft 
Part « is but a litle thyng, as of an half Mile. The Creke 
that hemmith this Peninfula 3 up into the Land yn on the 
Weft South Weft fide is the Mayn Land betwixt Crameur 
[Creke and this] 

From the Mouth of the Weft Creke of this Peninfula to 
S. Ju/le Creeke a 4. Miles 4 3- [or more] 

From S. Jufte Pille or Creke to S. 5 Manditus Creeke is a Fol. 13* 
Mile dim. 

The Point of the Land betwixt S. Jujl Cr. and S. Maws 
is of Aim caullid Pendi[nas.] on this Point ftondith as yn the 
Entery $ of S. Maws Creek, wher is a Caftelle or Forteres 
late begon by the King. 



u of a 7. Toures St. & quidem 7. fupra 8. (cribitur in Autogr. 
fi This Land St. Tbefe Landes G. Thefe B. y Corbet B. t Pyle B. 
1 Land] Sand G, £ Ardeneramenr G. Ardenerameur B. * // but 
a litle t binge, as of an balfe nsylt up into the Land. * Tbat Creke 
tbat bemmytbe this Peninfula in on tbe Weft Soutbe Weft Syde is tbe 
gretar. From tbe moutb of tbe Weft Creke &c. St. is but a litle 
tbyng 9 as of an half mile. Tbe Creke tbat bemmitb up tbis Penin- 
fula into tbe Land on tbe Weft South Weft fide is tbe gretar. Tbe 
maine Land b. C. Cr. and tbis .... From tbe moutb of tbe Weft 
Creke &c. G. Mr. Leland had alfo firft of all written tbe gretar. 
Tbe mayn Sec. & or more defunt G. t Sic in Autogr. IS B. & G. 



S Shorpihir. % Ardeneranteur St. 3 up Into the land ought to follow JMMi in 
ftt/ormer Line. 4 [or more] dele the Crotchet*. 5 Maudto* 

• The Creke St. 

Thi3 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

This Creke of 6. Maws goith up a 2. Myles by Eft North 
Eft into the Land, and fo far it ebbith and flowitti, and thcr 
is a MyHe dryven with a frcfch Brook that rcfortith to the 
Creke. 

Scant a Quarter of a Mile from the Caftel on the fame fide 
upper into the Land is a Praty Village or Fifchar Toun with 
a Pew eawlltd S. Maws, and there ts a Chapelle of hym and 
his Chaire of Stone [a lide with]out, and his Welle. 

« They eaulle this Saind fi there S. Mat . . . " he was a 
Btsfhop in Britain and paintid as a Schole-Maftcr. 

Half a Mile from the Hedde of this downward to the 
Haven is y a Crete [in a Cor]ner of a Ppole with a round 
marke fr made . . . charts on the which is a MHle grind- 
ing] with the tjrde. 

A Myie benetn that on the South 1 fide en a Creke 

tialf a Mile, and this is barrid by a ftnaul (and Banke from 

the £ Main {Sea] [this and almoft] 

and a Cells of S. Antojiit longgjng to Pfympton Priory : and 
liere of late dayes lay 2. chanons tnfhmptoun Priory. 

All the Crekes oiFaia 4 welle woddid. 

From S. Anttmies Point at the Mayn Se to fenart Point a 
3. Miles 4im. 

1 Grtfe Met lyith fcant half a Mile Eft of Penan wherirji 
9- breadeth Guiles and other Se footles. 

This * Gr^ryith North from the Fome> a Poyit or Fore- 
land in Britain bytwene the wich is the Entcry of die fieve 
of the Occean. 

And betwixt Forne and Grefe is a v. Kennynges, and here 
is brevijf. trajtfius by Eftimation from Cumewaulle into < Bri- 
taim « 4?ontinemef . 

Abput a Myie by Weft of Penan is a x Force nere the 
ft<w in the 3 Parpch of S. Germ's. It is (ingle dije/d, and 



* Defunt'B. fi there S. Maudlte. He was St. there $t. Mawes. 
Bee was G f y a Crete in matter of a Poole St. I made in cbarte 
St. %fide entcry the a Crete St. fide on G. £ Main Se. A mile he- 
rn the ibis And almofte agayn S. Mau a Creke or Poole goynge up a 
litle in .... at the hut of this is a myle. Jo* 1 a CeUe of S. An- 
ionic &c. St. *4**muUeQ. % Jxead G~ a RritaiMtt Catti- 
nent G. * Continent B. A Force] tfupra c in G. 



1 Grcf. A/Oak. 3 Ruoche. 



within 



XELANITS ITINERARY. v 

within a But Shot of the North fide of * ' (A Mile] jfe. from this 
the tunc apperitfa en ' Hole rf a vault [there] is another in a ... . 
broken up by a plough yn Tylling. . e of an Hille ... are a 

This Vault had an Iffue from the Caf- Quarter from the 

telle to the Se. LoroMhip of t hy 

And atttfe by North of ate GefleUe fumtytne {the Archdjekens 
a 4. or 5. Borowes or fi Caft Hilles. now [CarbeU]es and TWfVi- 

Dmdemau Foreland or Point is about *m>] 
9 a v. Miles from Grefe. 

No Wood oa the very Colt fan £. Antemes Point to 
Dudeman. Inward yn the Land [is fane] Woode * . . . 

1 This ChapelU Lander Point is in the Park of Modrugam. FoL 14. 
And yn this Park was die Houie of Sir Homy Bodntgam y a 
Man of Atmcient ftok atteyntid for takyng Part with King 
jRubard the 3. agayn Henry the 7. and after tying into Ire- 
hmd Syr Richard Eggtcomb^ Father to Sir Pars JEggi&mie, had 
Bodrigan and other Parcelles of Badrigm's Landes. 

And Trevagmm had part of Bodrigam's Landes. as i Be/Ion- 
get and Newborn, both in Falamuth Haven. 

From Chapel Land to Pentawen a Andy Bay, « wither to 
•fifcfaar Bootes repair for a Soceur, a su Myites. 

Here iiiuith out a praty Ryver thatcumnith from 5. Ju/htU 
les about a 2. Miles Aw, of. And these is a Bridge of 5 none 
of the Name of the Town. 

This Ryver rennith under the t Weft aide « of . • . ., « 
HUlethat tfheOhurch] of B. Aujhlhs flondith on. 

At S. Auftettes is nothing notable but the Parocb Chiron. 

From Arttowemto the Blake Htddx a Mate. 

These is a dair Qaane of Wiiit Foe Stone on the .p Shore 
»re. . . . betw'ixt.fiewtawen mAJBak-JJedy whereof ium be 

« A mile dim. from ibis there is another in tbifjde of an Hitte. 
And a Utle by Nortbe of the Caftte a 4. or 5. Borozves or Caft Hills. 
Dudcman Foreland &c. "St. & of the HillG. y a v. miles from 
Grefe] In the margin of the Orig. are thefe broken Words, .... 
itlefandy . . . • JU. portllu es, from here 

• . I No Points in G. • This Cbapelle Land or Point of Bodru- 
gam is )n the Piri G. g Btftroaget-G. n Whither* B. wbiiber 
tbe.G* & Stone an the and of the ***> Totone G. 1 Weft jyde ef 
the Hill that the poore Tour of S. Auftclls ftonditbe on St. 

* For/an, of the Hille. a about a Mile G. 4* Share betwixt B. 
& G.fine lacuna. In Autogr. ut edidu t [re . . . betwixt] Rokks 
betwixt St. 

ufid 



32 LEX A ND'S ITINERARY. 

ufid in the inward Partes of « S. Fortercffe. The Refidew of 
£ mor . • . and flate. And Pendinas Caftelle [is of the fame] 
ftone except the [Wallinge,] 

And in the Clines betwen the Blak-Htd and Tywartraitb 
Bay is a certeyn Cave, wheryn apperith Thinges lyke Images 
giltid. And alfo in the fame Cliffes be vaynis of y Metalles, 
as Coper and other. 

There is a Mile from the Entery of Tpoartraith Bay up 
yn the Land at the But Ende of it a Paroch Chirch of S. 
Blafe y and ther is a New Bridge of Stone of the Saindes 
Name over a Broke that ther cuminith into the Bay. 

Tytvardretb, a praty Toun but no Market, lyith a Quarter 
of a Mile from the Eft fide of the Bay. 

Ther is a Paroch Chirch, and ther was a Priory of Blak 
XMonkes Celle fumtyme to a Houfe in Normandy. 

Sum fay Camfernulpbus was Founder of this Priory. Sum 
fay that Cardinbam was Founder. ArundaU of Lanhern was 
otlate taken for * Founder. 

I faw a Tumbe in the Weft Part of the Chirch of the 
Priori with this Infcription : 

H«c eft Tumba Roberti jWi Wilihelmi. 

This Robert Fitz Williams was a Man of fair Landes fcw- 
pore Edward* 3. reg. Ang. 

Frm Tywardrttb Toun to Fawty Toun a ij. Miles. 

The Point of Land on the Eft fide of Tywardretb Bay is 
caullid Penartb-Point. 
Fol 15. From Penartb to the Haven Mouth of Fawty is about a 
2. Miles. 

Ther is at the Weft Point of the Haven qfFawey Mouth 
a Blok Houfe devifid by Tbcmas Treury and made partely by 
his Coft, partely by the Town of Fawey. 

A litle higher on this Point of the Hiile is a Chapel of S. 
Catarine. 

And hard under the Roote of this Hille a title withyn the 
Haven Mouth is a litle Bay or Creke bering th Name of 
Cat or int. 



* S. Forterefe.'] $. Moure Fortereffe St. St. Manves Fortereffe 
G. fi More tow ... . and Jlate. And Pend. CafteBe is all of 
More Stone except tbe filling/ St. y Metall G. * Monks, a Cell B. 



1 Foiuodder. 

About 



LELAND'S ITINERARY.- 33 

About a Quarter of a Mile upper on this the Weft fide of 
Fawey Haven is a fquare Toure of Stone for Defence of the 
m Haven" made about King Edward the 4. Tym, and litle 
above this Tower on the fame fide is Fawey Town lying 
falonee the] Qiore and buildid on the fide of a gr[eat] flatty 

In the Midle of the Toun apon the fh[ore] felf is a Houfe 
buildid quadrantly in the Haven which ' fhadowith the Shippes 
in the Haven above it from 3. Partes [of the] Haven mouth 
and defendith them from Stormes. 

The Name of the Toun of Fawey is * in Comifeh Conwhatb. 
It is fet on the North fide of the Have?, and is let hangging 
on a maine rokky Hille, and is in * length about a Quar- 
ter of a Mile. 

The Towqe longgid to one y Cari£nf>am> a Man of 
great Fame ; and he gave it to Tywartraitb Priori*, of the 
which fum fay that Gardinbam was Founder, fum iky Cam- 
pernulpb of Bert. 

But at this Gift Fawey was but a fmaul Fifchar Toun. 

The Paroch Chirch of Fawn is of S. SFimbarrus, and was 
impropriate to the Priorie of Tywartraith. 

The Glorie of Fawey rofe by the Wanes in King Edward 
the firft and the thirde and Henry the v. Day, partely by 
Feates of Warre, partely by Pyracie, and fo waxing riche 
felle al to Marchaundice : fo that the Town was hauntid 
with Shippes of diverfe Nations, • and their Shippes went 
to al Nations." 

The Shippes of Fawey fayling by Rhie and Winchelfey about 
Edward the 3. tyme wold vale no bonet beyng requirid, 
wherapon Rbv and Wintbelfey Men and they faught, wher 
Fawey Men had vi&orie, and therapon bare their Armes 
mixt with the Armes of Rhy and Wincbelfey : { and then rofe 



The French-mm diverfe tymes aflailid this Town, and laft FoL «*» 
moft notably about Henry the vj. tyme : when the wife of 
Thomas Treury the 2. with her Men repeUid the French out 



* Deeft in Autogr. JajecitB. i cenjeSara. firoUy G. y Car* 
dinbam G. I Fibarrus G. t defunt G. ( and then rofe the Nam* 
if the Gallaunts of Fawey. The Frenche-meo &c. St. 



I fadswifilu % on Cornifch, 3 kogk. 

V«L 3. C 



4f her Houfe in her Houfrbattdes Abfencc. Wherapon Sffcr- 
fhasTreur) bttildid a right fair and ftronge etabattikl Towr in 
Bis Houfe : and embatellng al the WauEes of die Houfe in a 
toarier made it A Caftelle : and oitto this Day it is die Glorie 
6f thfe Town BuiWineln Faweje. 

In Edward* the 4. Day « 2. ftronge fi Towers ihade a lhle 
Beneth the Toun, one on ethe fide of the Haven and a 
Chayne to he draweri over. 

WheH Warre in Edward the 4. Dayes feafid bytwene die 
French Men and Englifch, the Men of Fowey ufid to [pray] 
kept their Shjppes and aflailid the French-nun in the Sea 
4gayn King Edwardes * Comtnandettieftt j wheripon the Ca- 
pitals of the Shippefc [of 1 Fowey were taken and lent [to 
Lon\don: and Dartemouth Men commaund[ed] to fetch* 
flicir Shipffes away* at which Tytae Derttmntb Men V toke 
I their in Fatty .* and toke aWay, as it is faid* the great 
Cheih ...*.» 

from Fowey Town End by North in the Haven is Chagbm 
Mille Pille * title uppc*ard on the fame fide. 

A good MHe above Chagha Mille Pille is oh this Weft fide 
Bodmyn Pille having for Wares then to be carted to Bedmy*. 

A Quarter of Mile froth Bedmyn Crek Mouth up into the 
Haven on the fame fide is Gullant a Fifchar ToUnlet. 

Froiti Gullant to Lantian Pille or Crek about half a Milt : 
it goith up but a Htle into the Land. 

Lantiant LonUhtp longid to the Erie of Svresbyri. 

Barret a Man of mene Landes dwellkh bytwi*t(?iii&m/ and 
Lantient Pille. 

From Lantiant Pille to Bhughdn Pille dr Creke Here a Mile, 
it crekith up but a Htle. 
From Bhugban to Lvftwilbiel fcant 
a Mile on the principal ftreathe of Fowey [Cq]rttis a Gentilman of 
River* It hath * ebbid and flowen a- almoftan [100*] Mark Land 



m Addt were cum 6. /I Towers were made G. y take their in 
Fawey, and toke away 9 as it is fayde, the great Cheine that was 
made to be drawen ever the haven from Towr to Towre. Thomas 
Treury new Uvinge and the Towne made a Bhch-fkufe me S. Crta- 
iihe's HiUe Botom. frem Fowey Tonne End tec. St. i Sic An* 
togr. PnnaafoftXt^t ih B. quid defiderari indicant in. 



1 Omnasataotfi a ebbed, 

dwtlUth 



^ELAND'S ITINERARY- 35 

dwfellith bytwixt Bhwgkom above Loftwitbietj but now it flowith 
and iPealpuk by Lo/toritkiel. not fill to the Toun. In Loftwithiel is 

the Skif Haul of CorntwauL 

Tberby ia alfo the Coynege Haul for Tynne. 

TheTowne is privilegid for a Borow : and there is Weke- 
ly a Market on Tburfday. 

Ricberdus Rex Ro. comes Cornubiae « privilegid this Toun. 

£ In this Toun of Paroch Chirch of S. Barptolomo . • • 
• . . . from Loftwithiel. FoL 17. 

Penkmi iiyny Lamleverfey Paroch* 

The Park of KefUrmsl is bard by the North fide of the 
Town of Loftwithiel. 

Tynne Workes ip this Parke. 

Good Woode in this Parke. 

Ther is a Caftel on an Hil in this Park wber fumtymes 
the Erics of Comnval lay. The Bafe Court is fore defacid. 
The fair lam Dungeon yet ftondith. A Chapel caft out of 
it a newer Work then it, and now onrofid. A Chapel of 
the Trinite in the Park not far from the Caftelle. 

The Caftel of Car&nbom a 4. Miles or more by North 
from LoJhvitbieL 

To this Caftelle longith many Knightes fervices : Arun- 
dale of L«nberno> The Lord Soucb> Compton and .... fpart- 
ith Catrdinbeuns Landes. 

The Ryver of Fawey rifith in Fawey More about a 2. Miles 
from Ca[ l milford] by South in a very Wagmore in the fide 
of an Hil. 

Thens to Dranusbridge of fiat More Stones. 

Thens to GM&i Bridg drounid [with] fand ij. Miles and 
more. 



« privilegid this Team*. 7be Tarocbe is of S. * Barpholme. 
There com the a Broke* from Weft tbrogbe tbe fyde of Lpftwithel % 
snd goitbe Eft into Fawey River devydinge f enkhfik from JLoftwi- 
thicl. Penkneekc is in Lanlcvcrfey Parte be Sec. St. /3 In the Pa- 

rook Chvrtkof$t.JBarsh<>imtit>e£ik\9 Tgwoe • 

. cometh frpm Loftmtbitfi ?. In tbifi 

Tomm if the P troth Cbircb of St. Bartholomew * • • 

cmetb from LeftpitfieJl G. y !**« 

beverseyG. IpestfdG. Pacini #. 
- - 

t [ord] only within the Crotchet 

• ; 



Ca Thena 



36 LELAND'S ITINERARY.' 

• Then* to Lergen Bridge of 2. or 3. Arches a Mile lower- 

« Then? to Newbridg of Stone fi archi . . ar 2« Miles. 

[Thence to] bridge of Stone arched y 

A litlc above Loftwitbiel Bridge of Stone the Ryver of 
Fawey brekith into 2. Armes. Wherof at this Day die leffe 
goith to the Ston Bridg, the bigger to a Wodde Bridge even 
again and but a litie way of from the Stone Bridg, and after 
a praty .way lower the Armes cum agayn to one Botom. 

The great Part of Fawey Water is by policie turnid from 
the Stone Bridg for choking of it and for to put the fande 
of from the Botom of the Toun. The Stone Bridge in Tyme 
of memorie of Men lyving was of Arches very depe to the 
fight, the Sande is now cum to within a 4. or 5. fote^of the 
very Hedde of them. The Sande that cummith from Tynne 
Workes is a great Caufe of this : and yn tyme to cum maul 
be a fore Decay to the bole Haven of Fawey. Barges as yet 
cum with Marchanties within half a Mile of Loftwitbiel. 

From Loftwitbiel doun along Fawey Ryver to S. tFmmus an 
Abbate Chirch a good Myle. 

By the wich Chirch of old tyme enhabitid a GentUmaa 
Joannes de S. Winnoco. 

After the Lordes Haftinges wer Owners of it: and then 
ibid to i Guiliam Loures gret Grauntfather now lyving. 

This Lower hath to Wife one of the 2. Doughters of 
Thomas Treury. 

fBy this Chirch is a Warfe to make Shippes by. Much 
00a Wood at S. Ginokes and on the other fide of the 
laven agayn it. 

From 8. Guinowt Chirch to the Point of S. Winows Wood 
half a Mile. 

Here goith yn a fait Crek half a Mile on the Eft fide of 
the Haven, and at the Hed of it is a Bridge caullid Lerine 
Bridge, and the * Creke berith alfo the Name of Lerine. 
At the North fide of this Lerine Creke almoft at the Hedd 



« Thews to Newbridge of Stone archyd 2. myles. Tbens to Re- | 

fprin Bridge of Stone arched, alias Laprin, about 2. myles. Then* 
to Loftwitbiel Bridge of v. Arches ii. myles. A Utle above Loftwi- 1 

thicl Sr. fi Legendum vel archis, pel (ut />'B.) arched, arched 
about twoe miles G. y No Points in G. i Guily B. 



t Cicske. 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 37 

*s Teutbey Laurence Courtineis Houfe. It longgid ons to SW- 
nardy fins to Cayle : « and now laft to [the] . . . . (of 
the Houfe of] 

From Lerihe Creke to S. Carac Pille or Creeke about half FoJ. 18. 
a Mile lower on the faid Eft fide of the Haven, it goith! a 
Mile dinu up into the Land. 

In Midle of this Creke on the North fide was a title Celle 
of Sainft Cyret and Julette longging to MonUgue Priory. 

From the Mouth of S. Carat Pille to Poul-Morlande Pille 
about a Mile, it goith fcant a Quarter of a Mile up into the 
Lande : and at the Hedde goith into ij. Armes. 

From the Mouth of Poulmorland to Bodenek Village half a 
Mile, wher the Pafiage is to Fawey, and from 

Mr. Mohun hath a Maner Place caullid the Haul on an 
HO above this Village. 

From Bodenek to Pelene Point a Quarter of a Mile, and here 
enterith a Pille or Creek half a Mile up into the Land. 

At the Hed of this Pille is a Chapel of St. fTtlow, and by 
it is a place caullid L[ame]iin * lately longging to Lamtlin, 
now to * Launy by Heir General. 

Trelaun/s Houfe is at£ Mentbenetb by .-..-.. 

On the South fide of this Creke is the Paroch Chirch 
caullid LantegUfe juxta Fawey being the Paroch Chirch of - 
Bodenek and Poulruan. 

From the Mouth of this Creke to Poukuan a good Fifchar 
Town y a Quarter [of a Mile] • . . . .. 

And at this Poulruan Toun is a Tower of Force marching 
again the Tower I on Fawey fide. 

Ther was ons, as it faid, a Chaine to go over the Haven 
from Tower to Toure. 

The Haven Mouth of Fawey is a 2. jBow Shottes of. 

The very Point of Land at the Eft fide of the Mouth of 
this Haven is caullid Pont us Crofle, vulgo Paunch Crojfe. 

From Lo/hvithiel to Cafteldour now dene doun 3. good 
Miles by plentiful Ground of Corn and Grefle. 



m and now laft to the Courtineis of the Howfe of Devonfhir def- 
eendinge. From Lerine Sec, St. fi Meneheneth by Lifcard. St. y a 
Quarter of a myle. Here by on the Hill is a Gbapell of S. Salratir. 
St. } in for on in G* 



late, a Treiauay in Burton*! Copy. 

C 3 CaJleU 



j8 LELANCS ITINERARY. 

XaftMaur m longgid to the Irk of Sartsbfri. 

A. Mile of is a broken Grofic thus infcribid : 
& filius cum Domina ClufiUa. . . 

From Pbntms Croft to Poufyirrh* about* vj. Mites, wher 
is a Htle fifchar Tban and a Peer*, with* very Jitle Creke 
and a Brooke. 
There is aCrikket betwixt From Budfirrbi to Low GrwAe icy at 
Poutpirrhe and Low. fatf Ebbe a a. Miles. 

On eche fide bf the Ehtfcry cf ihi* Crefae is a Torn, the 
one cau-JHd Efltovx* the cither Woflbm. JEJNow is *|nty 
Market Toun. 

There is a great Bridge of a it. Arches over LmoGreki 
to .go .from the one Toun of Low to the other. 

Good Wood about Law Grab. 

Ther is a Maner Place caullid Trtham aboet Ais low 
Qrtke, f umtyme Bonviile^ now the Mawpsife of Dnfitot. 

Salmon taken yn this Creke. 

Xiendak and Code Gcntilmen dwelle in Mord Paroch on 
the Eft fide of this Creke. 

From Low Crake to &?/**' Bridge of Stonenf a*, Asxlus 
and Setoun Ryver a 3. Miles. 

y[¥xom Stton to] . .......... 

Fol. 19. From Etavey over the Haven to B$domA a Fifcbar Tom* 
wherby Mr. Mohun hath a Manor Place, 

Thens* v. Miles by very :pkfeunt indnfid Groemd pnttely 
wooddid plentiful of Corn anfl Grade. 

Then a 3. Miles by mory «nd i hethy Ground. 

Then 2. Miles by hilly and woddy Qr%unAtoZifowrd. 

<About half a Mile orlcamto^JoriispaffidinAWOod 
by a Chapel of owr Lady caullid our. Lady in die P*r\ whcr 
was wonrto begret Pilgrimage. 

This ChapeUe of Eafe longgith to Listardj and lb doth 
St. or 3. more. 

. ttiskard ftondith on Rokky HiHea* and isihe baft Maiket 
Toun at this -Day in Cormuaul fkving Bothy*. 

In this Toun the Market is kept on Monday. 



« kngelb'G. 9 GonomrG, y FrmSttcnt9 Rsmehed nkatn 
9. milts. St. '$ 'baby] ftt(j G. 



The 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 39 

The Paroch Chirch is of S. « Martini, ftondith on an HiJ> 
and is a lair large thing* 

The Perfonage is impropriate to ....... . • 

There was a Caftel on an Hale in the Tounfideby North 
homS. Mnrtm. It is now alia Ruine. Fragments and Peaces 
of wauiles yet flond. The ftte of it. is magnificent and 
[looketh] over al the Toun. 

ThtsCaftcilewasthtEriesof/sfC^rmcwZri ..... 

The Towne knowlegitfa Fredom and Privileges by the Gift 
of Rsebard King of Romanes and Erie of Cornewasa. 

Ther is a goodly Coadua in the Midle of the Town very 
plentiful of Water to ferve the Town. 

From liskard to Fawon 10. 

From Liskard to Launjloun 1$. Miles* 

from Liskard to Lojhvitbiel io. 

From Liskard to Bodmyn 10. 

From Liskard to Law Market 7. 

From Liskard to S. Germaims a 6. Miles. 

From Liskard to Pfymmoutb a 12. Miles. 

Gumming out of Liskarde about half a Mile I left y &r- 
fiw&r, a goodly Lordfhip^ and an old Maner Place op the Right 
Hond. K is a Hunderith Pounde by the Yere. 

* This is now fawllen onto Heir General in Partition". 

Cotyder and fjthe] JLordflup of [Tre<g}eUy nowcaullid 
Minbenetb • Lonfihip" £ longgid, as Mr. [Trel]awnj told me, 
to one tiding or nBting . • • oder cam after . . . .e therof 
na . • . . Cotyder . . . . had male .... [and] Cotyder 
[no]w £*&* [hath] ^/fdkr fdf. SCorington [and] another 

[of them had] 

From Liskard to Mmbemth 2. Miles, wher is a fair large 



m Martin. It ftande$ G. £ Cornwall. // is now afjdfom- 
Symfor a Pound for CatioU. St. y tolyder B. 1st fie /enter. 
IDefunt B.faT G. • Deeft B. £ he&ngetbG. n for £//>/. . . . A&r 
n*A Eli*g. am uUr. aa I perceive *di in the .Original. Thchroken 
words here are wanting in St. but in G. they fland thus : Heling or 

Bling *" der came after thereof named Cocyder 

bad Male Cocy4er now Bckct 

batb Cotyder Corington, and another of them bad .... 

• . . From Liskard Ac. The Perfonage of it is impropriated to 

Excefter Coiiedge is now Patron thereof d- 

had Corington B. contra quam in Jutogr. 

old 



40 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

old Chirch. The « PerTonage of it if impropriate to .... • 

Fol. so. « From Mynbenti to the Ruines of Bodukan 9 * Place a 2* 

* TbeMzmx of Minbenetb Miles. ; 

was fumtime caullid TregeU Half a Mile of a great Brooke after the 

fy y wherof the Name and Courfe of a 4. MUes reforting-to Lint* 

fum Ruines yet remainc. and S. Germane'* Creeke a this fide S. 

Trelawney now lyving is the Germane* s. 
4. of that N amc that hath be Another Broket a Quarter of a Mile 
Lord of Minbenetb. beyond that refortith to the other. 

There was one Sir Jobn Thens to Natter Bridge of 2. or 3. 
Trelawney an auncient Gen* Archis 4. Miles, it ftondith on Liner 
tilman Father to the firft Tre- Ryver. 

laumej of Minbenetb. But be This Ryver, as far as I could lerne, 
likelihodhehadanElderSun. xifith by North Eft up towardes the 
for Trelawney now living hath Quarters of Launfloun. 
none of the Landes : but it The Soile betwixt Minbenetb and Nat- 
is defcendid to Heires Ge- ter l Bridge very good, and enclofid, and 
nerales. metely wel woddyd. 

From Natter Bridge to S. German's about a 2. * Miles. 
The Town of S, Germane'* is on the fide of Liner as I cam 
to this Bridg. 

S. Germane 9 * is but a poore Fifchar Town. The Glory of 
it ftoode by the Priory. S. Germane'* ftondith about a 3. 
Miles in Liner * Creke from the Mayne ft[rond] of Tamar 
Haven. 

From Liner Bridge to Jfcbe aboute a 4* Miles by much 
like ♦ Grounde. . . 

5 Jfcbe is a praty quik Market Toun and is fet from the 
Toppe of a Rokky Hille as by Weft to the Roote of the 
fame and very (bore of Tamar Haven by Efte. 

The Tounes Men ufe boothe Marctiandife and fi Fifchar. 
There is a Chapel of Eafe in * A/che. 
The Paroche Chirch is caullid S. Stepban* about half a 
Mile of by South, the Perfonage wherof is impropriate to 
Windefere College, 



k In margin* Afografhi Burtoniani, Excefter Collcdge is Oxom 
is now patron thereof, fi Fifebar] Fijbing G. 



t bridg. a MUe. t Otc^e, 4 QrotiAd. 5 pface Afc^ in the Martfn ©p- 
pp&p to Afche. 6 Ache. 



LELAND*S ITINERARY. 41 

By S. Stephanos and in S. Stephanes Paroch is the grcaunt 

and auncient Caftelle of Tremertoun apon a Rokky Hille c 

wherof great Peaces yet ftond and efpecially the Dungeon. 

The Ruines now ferve for a Prifon. 
Great Libertccs long to this Caftelle. 
The Vatitortesy Men of great Pofleffion, wer Owners, and, 

as far as I can gather. Builders of this Caftel, and Owners 

and Lordes of the-Toun of Jlifche* . 

Thefe Crekes I notid on the Weft fide of Tamar : Fol. %u 

Fyrft I markid in fight above Afcbe- Morwet the Abbat of Ta- 
Miles or more the principal veflok Houfe about a Mile 



torn a 2, 

Anne of Tamar Haven gome up into 
the Land about a 10. Miles from that 
Place to Caulftoke Bridge, wither to it 
almoft ebbith and flowith. 

And Shippes cum up within a Mile 
of this Bridg to a Place caullid Morlt* 
pant* 

And this Place is but 3. Miles from 
Taveftoke. 

Taveftoke is countid to be but x. Miles 
from Afche to go the next way. 

Betwixt the 2. Miles from Afch to 
the Mayne Arme of Tamar in fight I 
markid defcending in the Haven 3. 
Crekes breking out into the Land, wher- 
of the firft lyith by North Weft creking 
up into the Land. 

The fecund lyith Weft North Weft. 

The 3, pJaine Weft, and this crekid 
to the Land fcant half a Mile. 



vtftok Houfe about 
from Morleham. 

Tamar a litle from MorwcUt. 

From Taveft ok to Grejion 
Bridge a 6. Miles : and then 
a 3. Miles to Launfton. 

Tamar 2. Miles and more 
from Taveftok. 

Calftok Bridge or New 
Bridge two Miles from Mil- 
brok the firft Creeke. 

S* John the next. 

Liner the 3. 

The 4. a fide above Afche. 

The c. without fail is die 
maine* Streame of 7 amor. 

From Reddon the Land 1 v- 
ing South Weft on S. Nicolas 
Ille to Coir Grene wher 7*- 
mar turnithWeft a 6. *Milcs. 
Tamar going a Mile Weft 
for the moft part after goith 
North. 

The Toune of Afch ftond- 
ith bytwen thefe 2* Crekes. 



Scant a Mile lower ' lyith Li[ner] 
Creke goyng up onto S. Germane* s. 

Then brekith a litle Creke out caullid Join's or Antony. 

And at the Mouth about S. Nicolas brekith in a Creek go- 
yng up to Afilbrok 2. Miles up in Land from the mayn Ha- 
ven, 

This AftOrok is a riche Fifchar Toun. 

Penle a Fore Land lyith 3. Miles lower from this Creeke 



1 Stitmt. a Mile 3 liyth. 



into 



4* LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

into Ac [Uni.J « And the Pmmontori* of Rmmbid % : . 

Cmekes frpm the Mouth of Pfym and Tamar 
upon the Eft fide of the Haven : 
The MjlU Bay. . 
The ft*w Hovft Crtki. 
Km* Pkci CrsJu, wher is a Maoer Place of Mr. Wifii. 

The Creek having a Mill* * the Had. 

it is in lend* a 2. MHts. 
Vulfo Bw*> A 4. Mtfe upper a Oske going up to Mr. Buddtt fide, 
>*• wher it his Manor Place, and S. £«fci Chirch. TherdweH- 

ith by this Creke aUb* £^ of JtfirZrj a Man of xx. C. 
Markeof Land, as it is faide. 

Then is die uppermoft wher 7ih* Water cummith onto 
Tamsr. And on die Eft fide of this Creek is BuUmd. And 
*n die Weft firfe is &r* whcrlhe Lorf £r*»W Houfe and 
Park was. 
J?^r# is a Mile from the Crek Mouth. 
Bukkndh a a. Miles from the Crefce Mouthe. 
Pw oaTt The Town? of Phmmoutb is about a 3. Miles from the 
".si. ftd&ge*f 4&A/. 

The irqtaus ielf at ^ half a Mile. 
The Ground betwixt the Paflage and PJymmttdb hath good 
Corn but We 1 Wood. 

ThtToun of Pfymmoutb is uery large, and at this Tyme is 

* The M Towm +W*r*\ devidid into f 4. Wardes: and ther ka 

Ftnarwar&j Lmuewardi , Capitoinc yn eche of ehofc Wardes. 

VtitiriuMrde alonge by the and undre eche Capitaiae z. *Conft*- 

Gulf. * bles. 

This Town about King Umry she 2. tyme was a mene 
china; as an Inhabitation for Fifchars* and after encreafid by 
a line and a iitle. 

y The oldeft Pan of the Toun ftoode by f North and Weft 
fumwhat, and <this Pant ip lore decayed, and now % cum to 
Che{>leOeof the 4. 

m And the Promontorie of Ramehed a M%U lower. St fi Cop* 
fton] Crcffton G. y The old Eaft?ux G. i Nmrtb and E/IJom*- 
what St. .f cum to defunt G. £ Lift B. 



I Wod. a Coneftabto. 

The 



LELANIPS ITINERARY. 43 

The Name of Pifmwmutb Tounand The Prior of ' Pfympton was 
the Privilege to have a Mafer was vn afore chife Ruler in Pfym- 
JEing ffrarj the ^. Dayes the atvj. Ver mwrt* and kept Coartes there, 
of his ' Reign firft grauntid by Ad of Parlament. 

The Toaa was caullid tfapc by (he old name Sutton, and _ 

" the North Part of*"* 
This was longgJag'™' 1 "*- 



devidid into ftokfart, chat was *i 
aheToan* now the m * Jefce Pane of it. 
tooenefofermfe. 

The Milk and Hert af the Town 
fi was cawllid Sutton Prior. 

Tha Eft Part was ? tanUid Smtttun 
R . . . . . and in this Part was the 
White Frcrca. 

In baton friar ftandilh tthe Paroch 
Chirch (hy the £090.] 

Ther is but one Paroch Chisdhe 



One iWafer, du* of late 
dyed a rich Maichaunt, made 
a goodly Houfe toward the 
Haven, whcrCatarint [Prin- 
ces took Water. J 



k vn PtymamMtbe, die Per- 
frnage -tfherof was i mp r o p riat e 00 Phmtom Priorie. 

One Thomas Toggi* a Marchant of Pfymmoutb, paid of lata 
▼cues for making of the&qrieof P^wawaA Clurcfa. The 
Toun paid for the Stuffc. 

This flbrar *qggr made a feir Hoafe of More Stone in 
the Toune toward the Haven. 

This Thomas made « woodly Houfe of More Stone on the 
North tfde of the Chirch Yard of itymnaS&Parache Chirche. 

This Thomas % build a fair Chapel on 
AcNorthefateaf Pipnmmttb Chirch. 

The Chirch andttmoh of die Gmtad 
whenon Aaffam, now canllid PfrnnmrfA, 
was buildid was longgin^ to one of the 
Prebendts tituh S. Petri fcf Pauti of 
Ptjmtmm a Oollmate Chirch, uttias 
CapeUa libera jbAXJgis bcfbiethe 
queft. 



Ther is an Hofpitale 
Houfe on the North fide of 
the Chirch. 

Ther is a righte goodly 
Walke on an Hille without 
the Toun by South qaullid 
the tfsto, and a fiur Chapel 
of S. Catarine on it. 



m iefie] 'Nonnttlli .Jbrftn Jegerent Uftt. Beft B. a is-tateBii 
G. y caullid Simon Rad, and h this St. } the Parlehe Churthe 

tf S. Uthu, and tht Grq friers faith th$ . of 

the Tottmt. One Painter We. taker Cttarme Prima Dewegar laf 
4$ -her cemmjife otttof Sjayne St. $ httlt G. Built B. 



Rqpt. 2 left*. 



Al 



44 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Ai fuch as hath by Continuance fins the tyme of Henry 
the fecund buildid Houfes in Suttoun « Priory^ now the great- 
eft Part of Pfymmcutbj toke Licens of die Priorie of Pfymtoun 
as of their chief Lord. 

The Mouth of the Gulph whcrin theShippes of Pfymmoutb 
lyith is waullid on eche fide and chainid over in tyme of 
Neceffite. on the South Weft fide of this Mouth is a Blok 
Houfe : and on a Rokky Hille hard by it is a ftronge Caftel 
quadrate having fi a eche Corner a great ■ Round Tower. It 
fcmith to be no very old Peace of worke. 

y Hard } to" this Caftelle waul Veyfy now t [Bp. of Ex- 

\r]erfe Egge[cmbe ha]d a Manor by Ramebed. 

Perfi Eggecombe hath a goodly Houfe [in Ctrmva]lk on 7i- 
[mair at the Mouth of Phmmtutb Haven.] . . 
N. t$4 From Pfymmoutb by good enclofid Ground but Hilly to the 
Place wher I croffid over Pfym Ryver at the Ebbe about a 3. 
Miles. 

The Ryver of P/pn rifith at a vj. Miles by 

North North Eft from this Place. 

There be 2. Bridges on Pfym that be notably fpoken of, 
Bykley and Pfym. 

Paffing over Pfym I left the Ryver on the left £ on: and 
by Eftimation it « ebbid and flowied about a Mile d- above 
this Place. 

About the Place wher I paffid over Pfym is the Confluence 
to be feene at Ebbe of forty Brooke and Pfym. 

I.markid after yn the Haven of Pfym but 2. notable Crekes, 
one on the Weft fide of the Haven entering into the Land 
about a Mile or more from the Haven Mouth : and a nother 
bigger then it on the Eft fide of the Haven caullid ScbilUfton 
about a 2. Miles from the Mouth of Pfym Haven. 



m Prior pro Priory in B. fi Lege at eche cum B. Sc St. velon 
rum G. y Hard by ibis G. * By B. • Bysjbope of Exeftar began 
a peace of an bigbe ami ftronge W anil from Plymouthc by good encla- 
/yd Ground and ftronge WauU. From Plymouthe by good enclofyd 
Ground St. £ on] Hand St. 8c G. So in the Original, kjbeuld be 
hand as in B. % ebbetb and fioaetb about a Mile G» 3c St. 
$ from ibis Place G. 



I rounde. 

There 



I/ELAND'S ITINERARY. 4S 

There is a goodly Rode for great Shippes betwixt the 
Haven Mouth and this Creeke. 

After that Ipaffid over Pfym Rvver I rode about half a 
Mile along by Torej Broke, whos Color is alway redde by 
the Sand that it rennith on and caryeth from the Tynne 
Workes with it : and fo to Pfymtoun Marie, fo caullid bycaufe 
the Chirch there is dedicate onto our Lady. 

The Glory of this Towne ftoode by the Priorie of Blake 
Chanons there buildid and richely endowid with Landes. 

The original Beginning of this Priorie was after this 
Fafcion : 

One William Warwift* Bisfhop of Excefttr, difpleaftd with 
the Chanons or Prebendaries of a Fre Chapelle of the Fun- 
dation of the Saxon Kinges, becaufe they wold not leve theyr 
Concubines, found meanes to diflblve their College, wher- 
in was a Deane or Provoft and 4. Prebendaries with other 
Minifters. 

The Prebende of Pfymton felf was the Title of one, and 
the Prebend of S. Peter and Pauli at Suttoun, now caullid Pfym- 
mouthy a nbther. Bisfhop Warwtft, to recompence the Pre- 
bendaries of Pfymton, ere&id a College of as many as were 
ther at Bofenbam in South/ax, and annexid the Gift of them 
to his Succeflbrs Bisihops of Excefter. Then he fet up at Pfym- 
ton a Priorie of Canons-Regular, and after was there buried 
in the Chapitre Houfe. 

Diverfe Noble Men gave after Landes to this Priorie, e- 
mong whom was Wakerus de*Faflt torta^ Lord of Trenurton 
in CornewaL, and, as fum fay, of Totems, but yet I know no M« *4« 
oertentie of that. 

I know that he was a Man of fair Pofleffions about Pfym- 
mouthy and that he gave onto Pfymtoun Priorie the Ifle of S. 
Nicolas cum cumcuht, conteyning a 2. Acres of Ground, or 
more, and lying at the Mouthes of Tamar and Pfym Ryvers. 

I hard fay, That the Landes ofValletorte were for a Mor- 
ther doone by one of them confifcate, and fins « the great 
Part of them have remaynid yn the Kinges Handes. 

There were * buryed fum of Courteneis and diverfe other 
Gentilmen in the Chirch of the Priorie of Pfymtoun. 



m A great B. 



Pfymtoun 



46 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Plymtotm Man floadtth net apon Pip* River; for k b 
diftant almoft half a Mile from it. But k fttmdtth on Tarn 
Brooke by the Eft Ripe of it, wberby the lower andfeft 
Buildinges of the Court of the Priorie be almoft dene cbo~ 
kid with the Sandea that T*nj hrincgith from the Tynne 
Workes. 

One Prior Martin* die 3. or 4. Prior of P^tfmboiMai 
the Subftance of die Chtrch that there a late fteede. 

There is kept a Fair at Plymtotm Mart* on & JMs Day 
atMidfaner. 

Pfymteun Thomas is a Quarter of a Mile from Phmmtmm 
M^tbcsLvllliicfJbmasBiht: but nwm die Chirch there 
is of S. MamriduS) Knight and Martyr. 

In the fide of this Town is a Cur lame CafteHe and Dun- 
geon in it, wherof the Waulles yet ronde, but the Log-* 
ginges within be decayed. 

MaUuimts Reduerfe^ Erie of Devon/hire, was Lord of this 
Toun and Caftelle. 

And after IfabtOa do Art/to, the laft of thatFamilie, was 
Lady of it. Many Gentilmen hold their Landes of this Ca- 
ftelle, 

This Ifahdla gave great Privileges to her Town of Pfymtom, 
wher yet is a pratie Market. 

The Couriendsy Erics of Devonftnr y wece fyns Lordes of 
this Town. 

FromPfymtoa* Thomas to L* Bridge ef tone of j. « Archis 

This Bridge ftondith on Tauhm Water, and a s. Miles 
lower cm it b Temhn Bridge. 4 and aMik lower it gokh y to 
the Se, a 4. Miles, as I efteme, by South Eft from the Main 
Mouth of Pfa Water. 

This River rifith by i North North 

FaL 15. From Lt Bridge to Ivy Bridge a 3. Miles. 

The Ryver of Jrme, or Armm* 9 xenimth under this Bodge, 
and a 2. Miles lower on it is Jrmiugtm Bridge. 

Sum fay that Part of Pbikpt* King of CafitlU Navte was 
driven toward the Mouth of this Water, wher is no Haven, 



« PunBa aliquot poft Archis habit B. xuatra at is JMU&* 
fi and* mile] Leg. and a . . . miles, ut in St. & G. And in- 
deed in the Original is a Space, and the # is made thus € for //• 
Vid. Vol. 1. Fol. 1. y into G. * North North , * . J North 
North Eft St. 



but 



LELANEPS ITINERARY. 47 

but frtrkulus Rrfftktti This River rifith by North Eft, and 
rcnnith apon great Rokky Stones with no fmaul Noife. 

From tvf Bridgd to MMmry a a. Miles. 

The Gramd h fertile of Corn* and Pafture, audi Aim good 
Wooddes betwixt Pfymttmn Tbgmas and Mvdburie. 

The Tounlette of Modburj is privikgid* and bath diverfe 
Hamlettes longgiitg onto it* 

Sum fay that the Ruans 9 Aim fiiy that the O/r/ww were 
Loides ct Mudbuty. 

Campernulph is now chief Lord there : and he told me 
That Oxton was Lord of it immediately afore die Camptr- 
nuJphts: But he coAtcndid that the Catkptrnutpbts were 
Lordes of it afoi* the Oktms. 

Camptrnulpbf of Modburiet Graundfather maried the fole 
Doughter and Heyre of* QtiUbrh of DiWnflnr by Extefltr: 
and had 80. lu Land by her. 

Ther was a nother Houfe of the Gmnptrnubktt more aun- 
dent, caullid Cuntptrrtulpbt of Birr. The laftt of this Houfe 
left a Doughter and Heire caullid Bkncb*, and file was firft 
maried onto C*p*ft*n of Devcn/bir : and after devorcid and 
maried onto the Lorde Btvoh, Steward ofato Henry the vij. 
and he had by her a 700. Matkes of Laftd by Yeie. 

There dwellith one Prubanx in jfcMhrtr* a Gentilman of 
an auncient Stoke and fair Landes, ontil be chaunce that one 
of his Parentea killid a Man: wherby otte of the Cntrttneis 
Erie of Dtf**fl*r* had Ohm J$lm and othqr Landes of the 
Pridtaux. 

PHfdwwr Me in Mtdbmy Cblrch. HilU a Gentilman in 
JModbnti Patoche. This Name rofe by n Lawier and Juge 
that left onto his Hems a 300. Marks* of Land. 

The Grand Father of HiUi now lyving fold fi an ■ no. 
Is. Land. 

Ther is one of tilt Firtectus dwelling in Modtwy $ whos W. 26* 
Father had to Wife the Mother of Syr Philip Choumbnrni 
mom lyvihg. 

Ther was a Houfe of Monks Aliens of the French Or- 
der at Aft&yri. The fife of their Manfion is yet feene 
on the North fide of the Chirche. The Founder was 



mSkim JtU4gr. ChiUcne B. fi f*id * bmndred lib. of lands G. 

s 100, 

diet 



4* LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

ther fcant knowen. I take it that Aro or Gxfr* were Fotm~ 
ders of it. 

This Priory with the Perfonage of Modbyri impropriate 
was given yn King Edward the 4. tyme to Eytton College «• 

From Modbyri to the Forde, wher I paffid over AumtRy- 
ver, about a 4. or 5. Miles. 

This Water cummith by Eftbrtntony and a lidc lower even 
by the Toun is a Bridge over Aunt. 

Eftbrtnton is in the Highway betwixt Pfymmoutb and 
Excefht. 

Eftbrtnton is a vj. Miles from the Forde, wher I paffid over 
Junuy and Gartbridge on Aunt is a 2. Miles lower. 

Mr. Stourt Houfe a title beyonde this Ford on an Hille fide. 

Awne and Arme Rivers go I to the f ....... . 

From this Forde to Roftbridgt a 2. Miles, wher I paffid 
over a Brooke caullid communely Harbume Water : but it is 
written, as I lernid, Hurbtrtoun. 

This Ryver cummith out of a Welle a 2. Miles by North 
Eft above Roftbridgt^ and p>ith from Roftbridgt a 2. Miles 
lower to Bowbridgt in the Valley betwixt Afihtprtntoun and 
Comtworthy. And a title lower is a Creke of Salt Water 
breking into 2. Crekcs or Armes at the Hedde, wherof the 
one receivith Hurbtrton Water, the other caftith up toward 
Corntworthy. 

From Roftbridgt to Tottnts a 2. Miles. Al the Ground be- 
twixt Modbyri and Tottnts plentiful of goodc Grcfle, Corn and 
Woodde. 

' The Towne of Tottnts lyith along from the Toppe of an 
High. Rokky Hille by Weft onto the Roote of it by Eft. 

This Toun hath beene waullid : but the Waulles be now 
dene downe. 

A Man may fee wher the Foundation was of them. 

Therbeyet 3. Gates by Weft, Eft and 

Fol. 17. The Caftelle of Tottnts ftondith on the Hille North Weft of 
the Towne. The Caftelle Waul and the ftronge Dungeon 
be maintainid. The Logginges of the Caftelle be dene 
in Ruine. Many Genrilmen hold their Landes by Gard 
and Service to this Caftelle. 

The Lordes Zouobts were lone Time 
King John gave firft Privi- Lordes of this Town and Caftd. now 



« [by Windfore] G, in Hooks. /S to tbtft m Anne Moutbt. St. 

E&- 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 49 

Sggecmhe by * Gift fi of Atttijidvre of Ipgc of ? Mairalte to Tonnes. 
Zoucbe. King Edward the firft aug- 

There is but one Paroch Chirch in mentid the Libertes of Tote- 
Tbtenes, and that is fet in the Midle of nes. 
the Toun. Ther is a, greate Steple Tour, and the greateft 
Belles in al thofe Quarters. 

There was a Priorie of Blak Monkes at the North Eft 
fide of this Paroch Chirch impropriate to the Priorie of 
Totenes. 

There is an Hofpitale by the Chirch Yarde. 

Ther is a Lazar Houfc on the South Part of the Toun en* 
dowid with Aim Landes. 

Totems Bridge on Darte of 7. Archis. 

LitU Totems a flite {hot byneth Totenes Bridge. 

The Toune of Totenes is fervid with Condu&s of Water 
having 3. ' Caftelles. 

y Dejahnt Lord of LitU Totenes ere&id ther a Celle of Fre- 
res ord. $. Trinifatis. 

Oldham Bisffcop of Exceftre fuppreffid this Houfc, and 
gave the Landes to the Vicars of the Cathedrae Chirch of 
Excejlre. 

Bjri Pomerej Town lyith hard on the Eft Ende of Totenes 
Bridge. Bjrj Pomerej Chirch almoft a Mile of: and IByry 
Pomerej Caftelle aboute half a Mile from the Chirch. 

Partington Park half a Milt above Totenes Bridge, on the 
lame Ripe of the Water that Totems is. In this Park is a 
great Maner Place 1 longid to the Duke of Excejler. S. tiger, 
that maried the Duches of Exeefter y kept Houfe in this Place. 

A litle lower then this Parke cummith down on the fame 
Ripe a Brooke from Weft caullid Guile, and goith into Darte GulU. Ffa, 
Ryver. «^| 

The River of Darte by Tynne Workes carjeth much Sand 
to Totenes Bridge, and chokith the Depth £ of the Ryver 
.... downward, and doth much Hurt to Dertmouth f«1.*I. 
Haven. 



m * Gift upon the Attainder */Zouche St. /I Upon the Attain- 
der B.StG. y DeUkoat B. t the for Bjrj Pomerej in G. • Ugt 
longing, turn B. t>ef the Rjeer all dmaeward, St. 



1 CafitUa in the toune St. 
• Gift of attrindure St. 

Vpl. 3. D Derte 



50 LE LAND'S ITINERARY. 

Derte Ryver cuminith out of Dartcmore y and'the Hcd of it 
is rekcnid to be a 15. Miles above Totems. 

Dertmore is of a very great Compace, and is fuchc a Wilde 
Morifch and Foreft Ground as Exmore is. 

« Bridgges on Darti Ryver". ' 



From Totenes to Jfchprtnton by Hilly but fruteful Ground 
a 2. Miles. 

Thens to Corneworthy Village by like Ground a Mile, and 
here was a Priorie of Nunnes lately fuppreffid. 

In the Valley bytwene Comewortbi and fi J/cheprenton 
rennith a Brooke caullid Hurbertoun Water communely 
Harburne. . 

This Water cummith out of a Welle Spring, and fo ren- 
ning about a 2. Miles paffith thorough a Stone Bridg caullid 
Rojlel. Thens a 2. Miles lower Jo Bowbridge^ and ther goith 
into Salt water that crekith into the Land out of the maine 
Streame of Dartmouth Haven. 

This Creke at the Hedde brekith for a litle y fpace into 2. 
Armes. The one goith up toward Bowbridge, the other to 
Corneworthi. 

From Corneworthy to Dert mouth by like Ground a 4. Miles. 

About half a Mile above Dertmoutb Town is a Creke go- 
yng out of tire maine Stre&me of the Haven caullid old 
My lie Creke. 

There is a Tounlet or I i ■ entertid into Dertmoutb Toune 



* The Names of the Bridges were never added by Mr. Leknd. 
Nor are they /applied by Mr. Burton, in who/e Copy the Title it /elf 
is al/o wanting, as al/b in G. fi J/cheprenton] Under / are pat 
•two points in G. and above the Line is written b. y /pace into] 
la. /pace up into, ut in Autogr. I entertid] L. enterid. 



1 caterid into DenoouUu 

caullid 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 51 

caullid Hardimjfi inhabitid moft byFifcharMen and fumArmf*. 
Marchauntes, having in it a Chapel of Clare: and alfo the 
great Ruines of .Haulefs z Haul, an exceding rich Marchant #*«&?*' 
ahd a noble Warriour. Haul - 

There is only a Bay fillid by fluddes with Salt Water driv- FoL 29. 
ing at the Ebbe 2. Milles that devideth Ardenes from Dert- \ 

mouth Town : and over this Bay is a Stone Caufey and 2. 1 

flatte Bridgges. 

Ther be evident Tokens that of old Tyme ther hath beene 
much Building betwixt the Toun of Dertmouth now inhabitid 
and Stoke Pkmngty wherapon it muft folow that Old Dert- 
mouth ftode that way, or els that Stoke Fleming was larger then 
it is now. 

The Toune of Dertmouth lyith in lenght on a very Rokky 
Hille on the Haven fide, about half a Mile from the very 
Mouth of it, and extendith in lenghth aboute a Quarter of 
a Mile. There be good Marchaunt Men in the Towne : 
and to this Haven long good Shippes. 

This Toune is fervid with Condud Water. There is a 
fait Chirch in the Towne, but it is but a Membre of the Pa- 
roche Chirch of Tun/lale, half a « Mile on the Top of an 
Hille. 

John Haiuley, a riche Marchant and Noble Warrior again 
the French Men, lyith biujd afore the High Altare with his 
a. Wives in Dertmouth Chirch. Obiit a°. Di. 1403. 

Copejlan* now a Man of great Landes in Devon/hire^ ma* 
ried the Heir Generate of Hawley> wherby his Landes were 
much augmentid. 

Sum think that wher the Perfonage Houfe ofTurj/lalle now 
is was fumtyme an Houfe or Celle of French Monkes. 

The Perfonage of Tunftalle was impropriate to Torrebay 
Abbay. 

The Brians* emong whom Guy Brien was famofe, were 
lordes of Dertemouth Towne. 

King John gave Privilege of Mairalte to Dertmouth. 

Edward the 3. gave Licens to the Town of Dertmouth to 
purchafe. King Edwarde fi the 4. gave xx. //. fee to Dert* 



« Aide of cum B. fi the 4. defunt G. 



f Haullc. ' 

D 2 mouth 



52 ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

mouth Towne. Richard the 3. gave x. £• more : * and Haw 
ry the fi 7. yA feire [Bulwajrk made of late. 

There be 2. Towers at the Haven Mouth and a Chaine to 
draw over, one of thofc Touies ftonditb [by] Sir George Co- 
rew Caftelle caullid Stoke Fleming at [the Haven Mouth.] 
Bridges on T eigne. 
The Hedde of Teigne-Mouth is a 20. Miles from Teigne- 

^ » by North Weft 

mouth that riftth in Darte-More at a Place % caullid Teigne Hed. 
Jagfbrde Bridge and Toune The Bridge is half a Mile 
. above the Towne, having a Market and 2. Faires. 
This Bridge is a 4. or 5. Miles from the Hed. 
Clifford Bridg of Stone a 4. Miles lower. 
Brideford Bridg of Stone 4. Miles and more lower. 
Chidaeley Bridge of Stone a 5. Miles lower* 
Teigne Bridge a ?. Miles lower. 

This Bridge is in the Midle way betwixt Newton Busjbel 
{ Market Toun" and Kings SteintoH. 

Newtoun Busjbel is a Mile from Teigne^ as I cam, ripa cite- 
riori. 

Kinges Steinton a litle from Teigne* as I cam, ripa uheriori. 
Leman Water cummith by Newton Busjbel from North 
y Weft a 5. Miles of. Leman Water cummith a Mile by- 
neth Newton into Teigne. dlla§ Water rjfith about a 3. 
Mile by South Weft from the Place wher it goith into Teine 
almoft at the fame Place and Ripe whtr Leman dothe. 
Fol. 30. The Mariners at Dert mouth counte the Haven of Pfym- 
mouth to be about a Kenning from Dartemoutb. 

Saultecumbe Haven fumwhat barrid 

The Eft Point of Saltccmbe and having a Rok at the entering imp 

Haven is a great Foreland it is about a vij. Miles by Weft South 

into the Se caull id the Sterte. Weft from Dertmoutb : and * aboute half 

Hilton Caftelle, longing to a Mile withyn the Mouth of this Haven 



m And Henry the 7. x. U. * A /aire St. nee aliterG. nifi quod 
Henry the 3^. habeat. In Autogr. folii particuk periit. /I Gave 
ten pound addit B. y There is a J aire G. i Tbeje words above 
the line are omitted in B. 1 caulyd Teigne Hed by North Weft St. 
Be G. ( Defunt B. « Weft, and commeth a Myle beneath New- 
4tn into Teigne. Aller &c. G. d- aboute deeft G. 

* a feiit Bulwarke aide of late in Dertmouthe t«wnc St. 

longging 



LELAND'S ITINE 
longgtng to the ' Privileges of Dert- 
moutb is Sauhcombe a Fisftiar Tounc. 

And a 3. Mikt upper at this Haven 
* Hedde is Kingesbridg fumtyme a praty 
Town. 

Arme Haven is a • . . Miles above 
Sauhcombe Haven. The Mouth of this 
With fill of Flactes and Rokkes, and no 
Ship cummtth in Temped hither, but 
in Defperation. Too of Philip King of 
CqftelU Shippes felle to Wrak in this 
Haven when he was dry ven into Eng- 
land by Tempefte. 

Arme Ryver cummith to this Haven : 
And, as I hard fay, Aune Ryver like- 
wife. 

Yaulme Haven • . Miles above Arm* 
Haven. 

Yaulme Ryver refortith to this Haven. 

From Yaulme Mouth to Plymmouth. 

I ferid over from Dartmouth Toun to 
Kinges Were a praty Fiffchar Towne 3 a- 
gain Dertmouthy wherof Sir George Ca- 
rew is Lorde. 

This Toun ftandith as a Pointelet into the Haven. 

Thefe Thinges I markid on the Eft fide of the Mouth of 
Dermoutb Haven: 

[Firft a] great Hilly Point caullid « Doune, and a Chapelle 
.on it, [half a Mile] farther into the Se [then the Weft Povnt 
of the Haven.] Bytwixt Downefend and a ♦ Pointelet caullid 
Wereford is a litle Bay. 

Were is not a Mile from Downefend inner into the Haven. 

Kingefwere Toun ftandith out as a nother Pointelet, and 
bytwixt it and Wereford is a praty litle Bay. 

A litle above Kinges Were Town goith a litle Crek up into 
the Land from the Maine Streame of the Haven ' czu\lid Wa- % 
ter Htdy a Place meete to make Shippes yn. 



RARY. S3 

Courteney of Poudreham^ is a- 
boiit a Mile above Saltcomb 
on the fame fide of the Ha- 
ven. 

Slaptoun a praty College 
toward the Shore is almoft in 
the Midle way betwixt Dert- 
mouth and Saltcombe Haven. 
Guy Brien was Founder of 
this College. 
Ther is a very large Poole at 
lapton a 2. Miles in lenghth, 
Ther is but a Barre of Sand 
betwixt the Se and this 
Poole. 

The frefch Water drenith 
into the Se thorough the 
Sandy Bank. TheWaiteof 
the Frefch Water and Rage 
of the Se brekith fumtime 
this Sandy Bank. GoodFifch 
in SJapton Poole. 



« Doune\ Dounfend St. & G. 



1 pririlcgp. 2 Hcd. 3 againe. 4 Poistlet, 5 cawllid. 

D 3 About 



54 L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

About half a Mile above Water Hed goith into the Land a 
Creke lone in refped of the firft caullid the ' Neffe Creke. 

And a Mile above this is a greate Creke caullid Gaunftmn 
Crteky and Gaunflon Village ftondith at the Hed of it. 

This Creeke Hedde is heere about « half from the Maine 
Se by the Cumpafing of it in Tomboy. 

From Kinges Were to Gaunton a ?. Miles by Hilly Ground. 
From Gaunton to Pentown almoft 3. Miles. 
Here cummith downe a praty Broke, and renning by the 
Shore Sandes goith into the Se in Torrebay. 

Torrebay Village and Priorie a Mile of. 
There is a Peere and So- Abbay 

- cour for Fifshar bootes in the In this fi Priory y by 3. fair Gate 
Botom by Torre Priory. Houfes. 

William Bruer the firft made this Houfe qji his own Ground. 

Bruer bought Torre Mohun therby and gave it to this Abbay. 

Petrusfilius \Math*i there buried gave] land to it. Daw- 

[ney gave NortbUn to this Priory .... tj]eakre a rich [Mer- 

Fot. 31. chant gave much to this Priory.] 

Men of Dertmouth caulle .^^^^^J^SKJ 

it but S . Miles betwixt the #"; "* B1Me ^^"^ ¥«.!f 

K>r^..-kir T\~*-~A<r~ u .. thls Point * s » P rat y Towne of Fifchar 

Mouth of Dert and Torre* but m* , rj „ r . i 7 1 ... TjllM1 . 

I take it to be more, and that Men «uUid *r«rj«* ; and th,s Towne 

but only to Byri Pointe. lJ / Mc,nbre ° f thC ^"^ ° f ***" 

I markid almoft in the Midlc of this Bay one Houfe fette 
on the hard Shore : and a fmaul Peere by \t as a Socour for 
Fifchar Botes. 

The Eft Point of Torrebay ys caullid 
I take *this Bay of Torre by I Peritorre, and to the fight it is not Co 
Eftimation to be 1 a x. Miles much pointid into the Se as Byri Hed is. 
and more in Cumpace, and Ther is by Peritorre a great Rokke 
Byri and Peritorre Pointes be caullid J/le/ion, as an Ifle environid with 
diftant a great Lege, that is the Se. 

about a 4. Miles, Ther is an other Rokky Ifle far big- 

Fificftar Men hath divers ger then Iflefton % and is capliid Hort- 



* Half a Mile from B. fi Sic Autogr. Abbay fufra Bn. omfit 
• B. y Lege be. i> Peritorre"] Re£ius Petitorre-, t fupra r in Aa- 
togr. t a x. miles] a nine miles G. 



1 Nefie Creeke. 2 the bsy. 



Jlant. 



LELAN^D'S ITINERARY. 55 

fiane. It lyith a Mile by South Eft into tymes taken up with theyr 
the Se from Peritorre Point, Nettes yn Torrebay Mufohs 

There is alfo an Iflet caullid Blab Rok. of Hartes, wherby Men iuge 
This lyith by the Shore about a Mile by that yn tymes pafte it hath 
South Eft from Peritorre toward Teign- be Foreft Grounde. 



From * Peritore to Teignmouth /3 by ...... a litle baying 

in a v. Miles fcant 

The hole Ground bytwixt Tomboy and Exmouth booth 
fumwhat to the Shoore and efpecially inward is wel ' inclo- 
fid, fruteful of Come and Grade, and meatly welle woddid : 
and this Quarter is caullid [the'] Soutbbammes [being] the 
fruteful[eft part] of [all] Dev[onjbire.] 

From Torrebay Priorie *nd Town to Hacbam a 3. Miles. 

Hacham Lordfhip of olde Tyme longgid to one of the 
Archidebens, of whom ther be * dyverfe fair Tumbes in the 
Chirch ther. 

Th[is] Lordfhip with y other 3 fair Landes cam to one [of 
the] uareivsy and diverfe of this [Name be alfo] buried in 
the fame Chirch. 

The very utter Weft Point of the Land at the Mouth of 
Teigno is caullid The Nejfe y and is very hy redde clif Ground. 

The Eft Point of this Haven is caullid the Poles. This is a 
low fandy Grounde other caft out by the Spring of Sand out of 
Teigne y or els throuen up from, the Shores by rage of Wynd 
and Water : and this Sand occupieth now a great Quamtite 
of Ground bytwene Teignmouth Towne, wher the Ground 
jnountith, and Teignmouth Haven. 

Ther be too Tounes at this Point of the Haven by Name 
of Teignemouthj one hard joining to the other : The Souther 
of them is Teignmouth Regis, wher is a Market and a Chirch 
of S. Michael^ and a peace of an embatelid Waul again the 
Shore : and this is taken for the Elder Town, and at the 
Weft fide of this Town is a peace of the fanddy Ground a- 
fore fpoken of ther caullid the Dene, wheron hath beene not 
many yeres' 4 fyns diverfe Howfes and Wine 5 Cellers. ^ 

The Inhabitantes ther telle how their 
Toun hath bene defacid by the Danes, [The] other Town caullid 
and of late Tyme by the French-nun, TeignemouthEpifcopitttmdixh 

« Petitore in Autogr. ft by a Jbore a litle baying St. y Leg. 
other Landes. I ftaniith a lytle by North on the fame Jbore upper 

1 codofid. % diverfe. 3 dele/air* 4 fins. 5 ceOer. 

into 



5* ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

by North [on the] TelgHo cbbith and flowfth up a five 

fame fliore into the Miles not to but as far as Newton B*f- 

[Have]n. Jbelle. 

Ther is aChirch S. JatobL Firft I tfiarkld a litle ftart above the 

Haven Mouth 6ft the Weft fide of it a 
Creeke caullid Stoken Teigne Hod no great Thing* 
Ther is « n6ther Creeke [called] Conn. 
Teigmbed about [half a Mile] upper irito the [Haven, and 
this goeth] a litle [farther into the Land then Stoken Teigne- 

bead.J 

From Teignemouth to Exmoutbt about a 4. Miles. « From 
Exmouth to 

FoL jx. fi Sepulchra y EccL Exon. 

In facello $. Marias coram Abort fub plan* marmore jacet 
fPetrusQuivil". 

Petra 1 tegit Petrum. nihil { offidat tibi % tetrum. 

In boreal! parte ejuOem Sacel. fub & arcu« 

Hicjacet Edtoundus de Staffbrde intumulatus 9 
Quondam profundus legum do&or reputatus. 
Verbis facunduf* comitum do jhript creatus : 
Feli* (f mundus pater bujus t pontificates. 

In Auftrali parte ejufdem fub arcu. 

x Gualterus a Brounefcombe Epus p Exon* 
Fundator eollegii de Glafney apud Penrine." 
v li m /truer us paler omni dignus amor? 



into tbe Haven. St, « From Erfmonth to Exchefter a vri. miles. St. 
fi Traufpnuntur in G. y EecIeJU CatbedraU Exon* Q. ) Petras 
dc Quivile Epi/copus Exon. cum b*c Jn/criptione B. & G. 1 Legit 
B. ( Ajjidat B. 4 Poft tetrum adduntur in B. 06: it ligt. si, E. i« 
S Poft arcu addit B. Edmundus de Stafford Epi/copus Exon. earn but 
Injctiptione t Poft pontificate in B. legitur, ##1/ 4. Sep. 7. H. 5. 
1419. » Gualteriis rfr Brounefcombe Epi/copus Exonienfis, /undd- 
tor ccllegii dc Glifney apud tenrinc, qui obiit 22<to. Julii 1280. 8*o. 
Ed . primi cum boc epitapbio jacet : G . A Sic correxic Bur tonus f quum 
a (.c/anJo ipfo fcriptum fuerit, Gtarir. p Exon. fir/ **//> 22. Julii 
1 280. 8. Ed. 1* cum boc Epttapbio ; B; t Lacnnam aliquot linea- 
ram habet Autographon, qaam fupplevit Burtonus addcndofex pfi- 
mos verfui, qui iridem cxftant in Apographo ejus. Porro no- 

tandum 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 57 

Primus Waltems magna facet bic in honor t. 
E&dit bic plura digmjjhna laud* Jiatuta> 
Sua tanquam jura Jervant bic omnia tut a. 
Atqui hoc collegium^ quod * Clafeney flebs vocat omnis, 
Condidit egregium, ,pro fi voce data fun fomnis. 
£>uot loca conflruxit, ypietatis" quot bona fecit + 

I mfttt't 

Suam fanelam duxit vitam 9 vox dicer e qua fcit t 
Laudibus immenfis jubilet gem Exottienfis, 
£t chorus & turb+ 9 %quia tutus in hoc fuit urbe. 
Plus Jl fcire veEs 9 feftum Jlatuit Gabnelis. 
Gaudeat in cmlis igstur pater ifte fidelis. 

In Presbyterio coram fupremo atari. 
i Tho. Bytten EpuTZxtm. 
n • Brucr Epus Exon. fundator 4. dignit. $ Eccl. Exon. 

In Auftrali parte « Presbyterii. 
In Berkley natusjacet bic jacobus tumulatus. 
In Boreali parte Presbyterii. 

* Stapletun EpuTExon. 



tandrnn doai prima* toccs fecimdi verfus legi in Autognpho, 
obi tamen Guafterus primus fcribitur pro Primus Waltsrus. « In 
ora Apograph! Burteniani \ regionc hujus vocis adduntur, Gafe- 
ney collegium apud Perin in Cornubia, quae defunt in Autogr. 
ft pace G. y Sic emendavit Burt onus % quum i Lelaudo fcriptum 
fuerit prardicluj. t Qua tantummodo in Autogr. cam uequit fupra 
fin. fcripto. Deinde /W/adjecit Bur tonus. 2>u*fcit tantummodo in 
G. i $uoJB. ( Thomas Bitten Epifcopus Exon. obiit 21. Sep. 
1 307. 1. Ed. a. B. & fie G. « Willhelmus Brucr B.kG. & In 
Ecchfin Eton, ohiit 1944. 28. H. 3. /uper planum Marmot. B. & 
G. i Poft Presbyterii addit B. Jacobus de Berkley Epifcopus 
Exon. obiit 24. Junii 1327, 1. Ed. 3. cum hue lnfcriptione. Sed 
in G. fie legitur : In Auftrali parte Presbiterii. In Berkley natus 
jacet bic Jacobus tumulatus. Fuit tie Jacobus Epifcopus Exonienfis. 
Obiit vigefimo quarto Junii 1327. !■»• Ed. 3^* * Hate fie le- 
guntur in B. Walterus de Stapleton Epifcopus Exon. obiit f 15. 
0€L 1326. 20. E. 2. Edmundul Lacy Epifcopus Exon. obiit 1475. 
1 j. E. 4. Haines dene of Bxeefter defaced this tombe. Henericua 
Marefchallus Epifcopus Exon. obiit 1206. 8. Johaanis. 

ts.oa.G. 

Lace/: 



58 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Lacey : whos tumbc Helms Dene of Excefter defecid. 
Hcnricus Marcfchal EpuTExon* 

In AuftraJi Infula chori. 
« Oldham EpuTExon. 
Chichefter MM'. 

In boreali Infula Chori. 
Speke in quodam Sac ells. 

y Staplctun Mies i region* feptdchri Stapletun EpI Exon. 
fratris ejus". 

In Tranfepto Ecclcfiae ad Auftrum. 
Joannes EpuTExon. 

In Navi Ecclefiae. 
Mf ugo Courteney Comes Devoniae & Margareta ejus uxor, 
filia fcf Heres 

Brcntingham EpuTExon. in boreali Infula Navis Ecckfut i 
regione tumuli Hugonis Courteney Co mitts Devoniae. 

Joannes de Grandifon extra portam toccidentalem Navis 
Eccl. in Sacello. 
. • Joannes Thejaurarius Exon. EccliJU fecit £ capeUam Carna- 
ri* in % c*miterio Cathedr. Eccl. Exon." 
FoU 33. The Town of Excefter is a good Mile and more in Cum- 
pace, and is right ftrongly waullid and mainteinid. 

Ther be diverfe fair Towers in the Toun Waul bytwixt 
the South and the * Weft Gate. 

« Haec item fie legit B. Hugo Ouldham I fife of us Exon. obiit 

25. Junii 1519. 11. H. 8 Chichefter Mies, fi Punfta 

t? Speke praefixit B. y Richardus de StapJeton Miles ) regione 
ftfulchri Walteri dc Staplcton efifcofi Exon. fratris ejus. B. & G. 
} Hugo de Courtnei Comes Devoniae obiit 1377. 51. E. 3. Mar-. 
garcta uxor ejus, f filia Humfrcdi de Bohun Co .Hereford, obiit 1$. 
R. 2. In boreali infula navis ecclcfiae e regione tumuli Hugo de 
Courtney Com. Devon. Tho. de Brcntingham Efifcofus Exon. obiit. 
13. Dec. 1394. 18. R. 2. Jnfacello extra portam occidentalem na • 
vis ecclefiae : Johannes de Graundefon Efifcofus Exon. obiit 15. Ju- 
lii 1369. % 43. E.; 3. • Defunt B. £ Vid. Vol. 2. Fol. 15. 



1 Cermitorioi 2 Wefte. 
f Filia & btrnfin % 4a. E. 3. G. 



As 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 59 

As the W>ulles have * be newly made, fo have the old 
Towers decayed. 

. The Caftelle of Excefler ftandith (lately on a high Ground 
bytwixr the Eft Gate and the North. 

Ther be 4. Gates in the Toune by the names. of Eft, . 
Weft, North and South. 

The Eft and the Weft Gates be now the fiureft and of one 
fafcion of Building, the South Gate hath beene the ftrong- 
eft. 

There be diverfe fair Streates in Excefler, but the High 
Streate, that goith from the Weft to the Eft Gate, is the 
faireft. 

In this Streate be caflella, aqtutduftus, if domus civica. 

There be xv. Paroche Chirchis in the Towne. 

The Cathedrale Chirch of S. Piter and Paule : the /sCimi- 
terie wherof having 4. Gates is environid with many fair 
'Houfes. 

The College Houfe, wher the Cantuarie Preftes lyith, 
made of late tyme by John Refe Deane of y St. . . . rianes. 

The Vicares College. 

The Carnarie Chapelle I in the Cemitery, made by one 
John • Trfcfurer of] the Cathedrale Cbirch of Excefler. 

Panxh Chirch. 

( A Chapelle in the Cimiterie. 

There was a Priorie of S. Nicolas, a Celle to Baiaille- 
Jbbay y in the North fide of the Toune. 

Joannes de Grandifono Bisfhop of Excefler made an Hofpi- 
tale of S. John, and endowid it with Landes. This Hofpi- 
tale is hard by the Eft Gate. 

There is an other poore Hofpitale in the Toun wherin yet 
file Me- be fcepte. 

There was an Houfe of Gray Freros bytwixt the North and 
Weft Gate neere the TownaWaulle, now a plain % vacant 
Ground caullid % $Ferenhay. 



« Beene B. Sc G. £ Cantuarie G. y St. Burianes St. St. Ri- 
ones G. without Points* i Sic fcripji. In Autegr. in. . . . . 

tery. In B. if G. in cemitery. Vide paullo fupe- 

rins. 1 Tbrea/nrer of G. £ A Paroeb Cbnrcb or Cbappel/G. So 
in tbe Original, Paroch Chirch being put above tbe fine. A Piroch 
Church or Chappell B. n vacant deeft G. 9- Feren/ayo G. Fre- 
renlaye B. 



1 Hotifit, 2 Fmcnhay. 

* Byttcn 



6o ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 

mSytten Bisfliop of )&*cefler remevid then* the Gray Freres* 
and buildid them an Houfc a litlc without tht South Gate; 

There was an Houfe of Blake Freres in the £ 'North fide 
of the Cemiterie of the Cathedrale Chirch, but without* 
the Clofe. 

The Lorde RuJJiUe had made hytn a fair Place of this 
Houfe. 

Ther appere 2. fragmented of Infcrlptions of Che Romaines 
fette by chaunce of later tvmes in the Town y * Waulle Wid 
on the bale fide of [this J Houfe fumtyme longging to the 
Slak Freres. One of the[m ftanjdith in a Tower of the 

Waul, rthe] other is in [the Wall i hard by] 

Td 34. The Suburbe that lyith without the Eft Gate of Exctfter is 
the biggeft of a! the duburbes of the Towne, and bcrith the 
Name of S. Sithewefle^ where {he was buried, and a Chinch 
dedicate ther to her Name. 

The Suburbe without the North Gate is caullid S. David 
downey alias 

The Suburbe without the Weft Gate is caullid S. Thomas 
Suburbe. 

In this Suburbe is a greate Stone Bridge of 14. Arches 
over Ex River. 

The Suburbe without the South Gate is caullid by the 
Name of S. Magdeltno. 

Bridges on Ex. 

Exctfter Bridg of xiiij. Archis. 

Cowley a Mile and more upward having a xij. Archis undre 
the Gut and Caufey. 

Thorberton about a 4. Miles upper. 

• Tuvorton Bridge a v. Miles upper. 

Tuvorton Town is on the Eft Ripe of Ex Ryver. 

Ex Vita S. Runtwahtt Auftorc incerto. 

Rumwoldi pater rex fait Northanhumbr. 
Rumwoldi Mater filta Pettd* Regis Merciorum. 

• Ml . , lf , i t f . . -. f . -- .♦. ........ .-- ~ ........^^ ^ — _ ^_. . 

* Bytton Bisfhop of Excefter removing thens, the Gray Freres 
buildid them &c. G. fi North Eaftfidi G. y Waullts renewyd 
on the Baki fyde St. WauUe vide on the bah fide O. com quinque 

pundtis fub vide. I bard b y the Totorre. St. 1 Tstltrtcn G. 
1 North t& fide. 2 WiuHe itoewid. 

Rum- 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 6| 

Rumwoldus natus in Sutthun pago. 
Rumwoldus baptizatus atud Sutthun ab Widerino Epo. 
Rumwoldus ab Eadwoldo Presbpero in baptifinatt fufctptus. 
Rumwoldus 3. tantum vixit diebusi 
Rumwoldus obiit 1. Nonets Novcmbr. 
Rumwoldus ftputtus tft ab Adwoldo in Sutthun. 
An°. fequente tranjlatus eft ab Wid^rino in « Braceleam, 
An 9 , ab ejus obitu 3, tranjlatus eft in Buccingaham. 
Ex vita S. Brinftani Epi V enfant, qui fucccffit 
Fridtftano tempore Mtbtlftani Regis. 
Brinftanus/8 conftitust Xenodochium ante portamV entznx urbis. 
Obiit Beatus Brinftanus *•• q$yAn*.IUg.JEdd&*DiRtgisi i°. 
Sipubus tft Ventae. 
Succefttt Brinftano /Edelwoldus. 

Ex Vi» S. Wimoci. 

Quadanocus, Ingenocus, Madocus li Winocus Britone* 
Jdanacbi in y Sithui Aibnafltrio, cui pneorat Bertinus. 

Ex Vita S. WllkbrordL 

Willebrordus j£ifftf WilgU Monachi in Cctnobio * S, Andres *• Hirufbl- 
in NortHumbria. tomm.* 

Willebrofdus, Scottos forth. 

Willcbrordus EpSs Traje&enfis. 

In Bibliotheca Exonienfi. 

Diahgus * Barptolomei Epifcopi Exon : contra Judaeos ad FoL 35. 
Balduinum Archiepifcopum Cantuar :] £%uamvis fides CathoUta. 

Eulogium Joannis Cornubienfis ft/Alexahdrum 3. Pont.Ro.] 
In Concilio Turonenfi quod dudum congregafti. 

Bacon dt afbtftibus Luna ad alios plmutas. 

Bacon dt vicloria Chrifti contra Antichriflum. . 

Bacon dt copia vol inopia cujufcunqut bominis tst Nativitate 
ex boris foHs in 12. fignis. 

Fajciculi Zizaniorum Joan. Wiclif. 

Traflatus Arnulphi Monachi dt corpore & fang. DnT.* 

{ Odo Parifienfis fitper Pfclterium.'' 



• Broekjam G. f conftruxit G. y Sitbin G. I detft G. 
t $st Jmtogr. lacunsm banc torn ntgltxtrutt B.& G. ( Jejuni Q. 



1 Barpotapri. 

Ex 



6* ' LELAND'S ITINEiAftY. 

Ex Vita Sand* SatrooU. 

Benna ^rt*r Sativolae. 

Sativola nata Exonue. 

Sativola ebb noverc* a « Fenifeca amputate capitt occija^ 
ut fuburbana pradla ei prstriperet. 

Pons Sativolae. 

Ecclefia conjlrucla in honorem Sativolae. 

Joannes de Grandifono ahbrtviavit Legendas San&orum in 
ufum Exon. Eccles. d*. D. 1 336V 

Ex Charta fi Edward! de Donat. Cathedr. EceL 
Exon. ' Leofrico Epifcopo. 

y Cornubienfem Dictcefim, qua dim in 2to/i <jermani me- 
moria atque Petroci veneratione Epifcopali folio adfignata fiu- 
rat, I ipfam cum omnibus • fuis adjacentikus portrait, Orris, 
viUis, opibus, beneficiis, S. Petro in Exon. [( civitate] trade, 
fcilicet ut una fit \% fedes cpifcopalis unumque] pontificium 
3- W una eccleftafiica regula propter paucitatem atque druaftatie- 
nem bonorum & 1 popubrum. quoniam pjratici Cornubienfem 
ac Cridienfem * ecclefias devajtare a peter ant. p ac per bet in 
[civitate] » Exonia [tutierem munittonem adver/us bqftes ha- 
bere vi/urne/i.] 

defies Donat. Edwar. Regis. 

t Eadwardus rex &f • Eadgydis regitta" 

Leofricus Dux. 



s 

§t Fenifera B. fi Regis Edwardi ConftJJkis G. y Edward u» 

Rex, Eadgilla Regina G. I if/a omnibus G. • Sibi in Meuaftic 

Anglic. Tom. I. col. 229. i quo Uciniam banc in Autograpbe noftro 

pene exe/am fupplevi. £fub bac Voce Punfta ponuntur in G. n Pro 

Sedes epifecpalis panda ponuntur in G. £ & unica . 

.... Eccleftaftica propter G. « Sic in AuUgr. noftro. reQe. non, 
ut in Afouaftico, populorum quaro piratici Cornubienfes & Cridutu- 
nenfes ecclefias &c. Editores tamen in voluminis era ita kgi in MS. 
noUrunt. * Ecclefias deeft G. A tentarunt pro poterant, (fed 

cum punftis fubjedlis) in G. p & per bee in Exonia 

. . G. f Exonia; Monafi. Angl. ( defitnt G. 

- • Eaditha Monaft. in quo longe plura nomina occurrunt. Eadgilis B. 



1 ct Lcofrio. 



Siwardus 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 63 

Stwardus Dux. 

n 
u Spegeu Dux. 
Haraldus Dux. 
Radulphus Dux. 
Tofti Dux. 

Thinges notable on the Weft Shore of Exmouth Haven. 

There lyith a great * vaft plaine and baren Sandy feld at 
the Weft fide and very point of Exmouth Haven : 

And in the Weft part of this fi Haven Mouth a litle above 
this Sand goith in a Creke a Mile or therabout into the Land. 
Sum caulle it Kenton Creke. 

Kenton Perfonage impropriate to Saresbyri Chirch. 

A 2. Miles upper in the Haven from this Creeke is Ken- 
tony a very y pety thoroughfare : and a right goodly Chirch 
in it. This Tounlet. is within a very litle of the Main Streme 
of the Haven. 

Powderham late Sir William Courteneis Caftdle. it ftondith 
on the Haven ihore a litle above Kenton, f Sum fay that a 
Lady being a Widow buildid this Caftellc it is ftrong, and 
hath a Barbican or Bulwark to bete the Haven. I think that 
it was Ifabella do Fortibus. 

Paffing from Kenton I cam to ... . Village a 2. Miles 
of, feing a praty Lake on the lift Hond, and an Hue out 
of it. 

Thens to Exminftre a praty Townlet, wher be Ruines of 
a Maner Place embatelid in the Front. I trow it 1 longid 
to the Marquife of Excejter. 

Thinges Notable on the Eft fide of { Exmouth. 

Exmouth a FisTchar Tounlet a litle withyn the Haven 
Mouth. 

m Hoe nomen omifit B. Swefen in Monaft. Haven's G. 
V fty] P*9 G * fe< * » """"fr pretty. Praty B. * Some fcye 

that it was builded by IfabelU de Fortibus a Widdowe of an E. of 
Devonfiires. It is ftrongc, and hath a Barbican, or Bulwark, to 
beate the Haven. B.kG. t longetb O. f Haven addit fi. 



2 vaftr« 

Apjbam 



6* LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

m Apjbam a praty Tounlet on the Shore a 4. Miles upper 
in the Haven. Heere is the great Trade and Rode for 
Shippes that ufith this Haven : and cfpccially for the Shippcs 
and Marchant Mennes Goodes of Excefler. 

Men of Excefler contende to make the Haven to cum up 
to Excefler fel£ 

At this Tyme Shippes cum ■ not farther up but to Apjbam. 

N. B. Ex Legenda Sandorum fecundum ufum Exenien. eccl. 
au&ore Jeanne Grandifim epifoopo Exen. 

Ex vita 8. * Bemfacii archiepifcopi. 

9 Bonifacius in Weft Saxonum 4 prtviuaa Angl. apud Cfer 
ditoniam in Devonia ertus eft. 

Pater ejus direxit ilium ad mutaflerinm Examcefae, quid 
made Exonia dicitur 9 & abbati Wmjmio cmwundaviu flo- 
ne&cius cum cenfratribus Trajeftujn pctiit ut evangehum pre- 
dicant: Jed infecle opere domum rediit f 

Bonefecius a Daniele epifcopo Wentano Uteris csmmmdatns 
Romam */*#'//, 

Bonefecius apeflolus 4 Gregorio jumere epijcepe Ro. mijjms 
ad Bavaros, Thuringos & Frefenes evangetium pneduavit 
tanquam WiHebrQrdi cooper ator. 
de 

Ponefacius in M^naburgh cettam conjlrmns Hcffis evange- 
Bxavit* 

Bonchcxusfeclus arcbiepifcopus a Gregorio 3. pent, R#. 

Ex vitt S. Gul. archiepifcopi Ehr. 

Gulielmus //iitx Hereberti comitisjlrcnuijf. ex Eaunzjenn 
Stephani regis Angl. 

fo ^ 3 5 a Ncmina Epifcoporum Exon. EccL 



Lepfriois. 
Osbertus. 
Gul. Warwtft. 
Robertus. 



Joannas Or amifon. 
Thomas Brantingham. 
Gul. Courteney. 
Edmuodus Staffojde. 



m Alphsm t. & fie mo** 



1 no farther. N. B, The following twenty Lines are taken from S9 FoL 
Of ife* «^th Volume of Mr. Hearn and oogjtf jp be iflfofio^iji riw Wioe, as 
appear* from Mr. Staw's Tranfcript. 2 fiondSou % Bone&dua. 4 j— **»^« 



Barptolcmus 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 65 



John Katerek* 
Edmundus Lacey* 
Gcorgius Neville* 
John Bouth. 
Peter Courteney. 
Richard us Fox. 
Oliver King. 
John ArundeL 
Richard Redmayfte. 
Hugo Oldeham. 



Barptolemeus. 

Joannesi 

Henrietta* 

Simon. 

Gul. Brewer. 

Richardus. 

m Gualterus primus*' 1 

Petrus. 

Thomas Bytton. 

Gualterus Staplcton. 

James Berkeley. 

The Cathedrale Chirch of Excefter remaynid after the 
Tyme of Leofricus % the firft Bisftiop of Excefter ^ after one 
Rate to the Tyme of Piter the firft, that began the Cathe- 
drale Chirch, now (landing in Excefter j and levied a Subfi- 
die of the Clargie of his Diecefe to the letting forward 
of it. 

Joannes de Grandifono Bisihop of Excefter enlargid the Weft 
Part of the Chirch, making vij. Archis wher afore the Plot 
was made but of v. 

This Joannes voltid the Body of the Cathedrale Chirch of 
Excefier. 

This Joannes Grandifonus convertid the Landes and Fmtes 
of S. marie Oterey to a Collegiate Chirch. 

Sum think that ther was a Celle of French Monkes at Ote- 
rey : or an Houfe of Religionyn Fraunce fi at" Landes there. 
The wich Celle or Landes Graunfon convertid to the ufe of 
the College now beyng in Oterey. 

This Joannes Grandifonus chaungid an hold Fundation of 
an Hofpital of S. Johns in Excefter and melioratid it, putting 
croffid Brethern in it. 

This Joannes Grandifonus turnid an old Almofe Houfe of 
xij. poore Menne, and as many Women, to whom Nomina- 
tion was given fr aires CaUndaruntj to the ufe of the Logging Calender 
of the Vicares Chorales in the Cathedrale Chtrch of Excefter. He 7- 

Brentingham Bisihop of Excefter finiihid this College in 
Buildinr. 

Hugh Oldham Bisftiop of Excefter gave and procurid a litle 

Celle [of Freres] Ordinis S. Trinitatis at Totentes 

. . . . [comune tablinge in the] . i, 



m Walters de Broonefcombe B % $ Lege had cum B. 
Vol. 3. £ Joannes 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

M. 37* Joatous de GrauUfa* colleftid the Legendes as they be 
now redde in Divine Services in the Diocefe of ExceJUr. 

Bisfhop Stapleton of Excefter voltid the Presbytcrie* 

Bisfhop Stapleton made alfo the Riche Front of Stone 
Worke at the High A hare in the Cathedral* Cbirch of Ex- 
cefier : and alio made the Riche Silver Table in die Midle of 
it. Yet fum fay that Bisfhop Lacye made this Syrver Table j 
but ther is no lykelyhod yn it. 

Bisfhop, NevilUy as I hard fay, made the Chapitre Houfe 
as it is now at Excefter. 

Syns I haid that Edmund lacy began the s Chapiter Houfe, 
and Neville perforroid it. 

Ex Chronico quodam. 

m S. Edwardus Gonfejbr a*, regni fui fexto Dnt t*% 1044*. 
ouidam Lewinus habuit iftos tres epijcopatus, Wigornienfem, 
Cornubienlem & Cridieniem. Iftcque mortuo y fucceffit ei Leo- 
fricus ultimus Epus Cornubiae & primus Exon. 

fi Ex Tabula quadam de Genealogia Joannes 
Grandijoni Epi Exon. 

Hie erat filtus Gill. Grandifoni de genere Imperatoris, qui 
frattr fuit nobilijjimi Dnt Othonis de Grandifono in Bur- 
gundia Dicecefa Laufeneniis ubi Caftrum de Grandifono eft ft- 
tum firmis Jaxis. 

Mater iftius Epifcopi erat Dna Sybilla filia & femiberes 
Ewis. D om i n i Joannis Tregor decora ^ Dnt Caftri de Ewifam Here- 
fordizm juxta, ubi terras y dominia pojjidebai tfcaftra* 

£)ui Tregor fuit filius Dnee Julianas fororis S«- Thomse de 
Cantilupo Epi Herefordenfis. 

-Idem Joannes Grandifon habebat quatuor fratres gemunus 



m Anno regni Regh Edw. Confe/T. 6. 8c an. Do. 1044. B* /!.$*«* 
fequuntur ufque ad obiit Joannes Graunfon &e. omifit B. & ilk- 
rum loco tabular* Gene a logic am ibi invent, Joannis Grtndifoni 
or turn ftirpemque (infignibus item gentilitiit sdpofitis) exbibextem, 
propria ipfius Burtoni manu jcriptam : in cujus etiam exemplar} 
{quod hie feme! notandum duxij mult a ad Exoniam fpetJantia centra 
fdem Autograpbi tranfponuntur. 



1 Chapitre. 

Utbilts 



LEI/AND'S ITINERARY.^ 67 

mobiles Petrum & Othonem MiliUs* Thomam ac Gulielmum 
clericos ffirituaksy ttmporalia fcf fpiritualia Jirenut regentts. 

Infuper idem Epifcopus quatuor forores babebatj Agnetem, 
ftue Dnt Joanni dc Norwode nubebatj Mabillam Juundam 
Dns Joannes dc Pateihul due that ^ qui multos viriliter btllando 
devincebat, Matildem tertiam monialem ac priorijfam dt A*- 
corncbyri, 13 vita Jemper devotijfimam. Catarinam quartam 
Dno Gulielmo Jpettofam Dt Monte Acuto « Comiti fific" Sa- 
turn nuptam ; dt qua duos filios cito progemit, Gulielmum, 
qui unicorn filiam maritavit DnT Edmundi nobilis C emit is tunc 
Cantiae, Froths Edwardi Regis, uttntis tunc Corona AngMx. 
Edwardus Rtx a Conqueftu 2*. trot ifie. 

Joannes ftcundus fiRus audacitatis mira DnT Thomae de 
Monthermer unicam filiam duxit y cujus Mater Joanna Comitiffa 
Gloverniae fuit foror pr*dicli Edwardi Kdgis, militiaque 
/bruit 

Ex tadtm Catarina Gulielmus 3. fiSas genuiu FgU 38. 

Prima trot Elizabeth, formofa vocabatur. Dn$ Egidio de 
Badelefmer Jtatim maritatur. Et toft mortem iliius Dn3 
•Hugoni Spenfer Jponfatur. Qui in Juis aclibus militiofus vo- 
cabatur. 

Stcunda filia nomine vocata Sybilla Edmundo filio fcf htrtds 
Bbtrt fuit data Comitis Arundeliae : & tertia Philippa Rogero 
de Mortuo miiri quam cito conjugata. 

r Obi it Joannes Grauhfon praful Exon. a°. milleno 
ter centtno fexagtno undtno. 

This Inscription is graven in a flatte Marble ftone, under 
the which Guliam Bruer Bisfliop of Excefter is buried : 

Hie jacet Gul. Bruer Epus Exon. primus fundator qudtuor 
dignitatum bujus Eccle/ue. 

The Graunt of King Edward the Conftffbr was that the 
Landes of viij. Monkes that were yn his Tymeyn the Abbay 
of Etctfttr ftio\)\& be diftributid emong 20. Prebendaries. 

From Excefter to Cowley Bridge about a Mile. There 
brekith out a Kde above this Bridge an Arme out of Ex 
Ryver as I cam to the Bridge ripa titer, and after dryying 
certcin Milles returnith into Ex above Excefter. 

- - ~ . - . . 

* Comiti fie Sarum] Ti fit delendum efle obnjeccram. Nupc 
autem puto feilieet legi debere. Sed de hac re judieent viri in xe 
Genetlogica yerfcti. /* Vox ifi* f&rfim dtiends y Fide /opts 

E z From 



68 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

From Cowley l Bridge to Syriok Newton Bridg of 4. Archie 
over Cride Ryver a 2. Miles dim. and half a Mile farther is 
the Village or Tounlet of Syriak Newton. 

From Newton to Crideton 2. Miles. 

The Ground betwixt Excefter and Crideton exceding « fair 
Corn, Grefle and Wood. 

Ther is a praty Market in Kirton. 

The Toun ufith Clothing, and mod therby lyvith. 

The Place whcr the old Cathedrale Chirch of Crideton 
ftoode is now occupied with buildinges of Houfes by the 
New Chirch Yarde fide. The olde Chirch was dedicate 
to S. Gregory, 

The Chirch ther now ftonding hath no maner fi or token 
of Antiquite. 

One Sir John Scylley a Knight and his Wife fumtyme 
dwellyng in that Paroche be buried in the North Part of 
the * Tranfept of y this. 

' The Bisfhop of Excefter bath a Maner Place or Palace by 
the Chirch Yarde, and to this Maner Place there longith 
a Parke. 
Foi. 39. . Ther is a Deane, and he is as the Curate ; but he is no 
Prebendarie of Courfe. 

Ther be xij. Good Prebendes in Kirton, befide certen Bur- 
faries, Minifters and Choriftes. 

Crideton ftondith on the t Weft" Ripe of Cride Water. 

Cride Water rifith about a 2. Miles by North Weft above 
Crideton^ and fo defcendith to Crideton. and 3. Miles dim. 
lower goith under Newton Bridg of 4. Arches, and thens 
about a ij. Miles dim. lower rennith under a ftone Bridge 

of 2. Arches cawllid and fcant half a Mile 

lower goith flat South into Ex River a litle above Cowley 
Bridge. 

From Excefter to Cliji Bridg i a( 3. Under this Stone 
Bridge archid rennith a pratie Broke * caullid 

This Broke goyng about half a Mile lower rennith by CSft 
the Bisfhop of 3- Excefter goodly Manor Place. 

« fair of Corn, G. fi of for or in G. y Points after this in 
G. bat there are none in the Orig. i Wefi\ Four points are pat 
under this Word in G. Foe em banc adjecit Burtonus. • * 3. 
MjUs. St. & G. ( Adde Miles cum B. * Sic Jutogr. Called 
CHft B. 3- Excefter'* St. 8c G. 

I Bridg. 2 traaflcpt. 

a 5. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 69 

A 5. Miles farther I paffid by a forde ovdi a Riveret caullid 

Tale, that a Mile dim. lower above S. Mori Oterey Toun 

goith into Oterey Water. 

Ther is a Bridge of Stone by the Ford of Tale. From this 

Ford of Tale I rode « about K 2. Miles farther to Veniton 

* Bridge, where Oterey Water is devidid into 4. Armes by 
Pollicy to ferve Grift and Tukking Milles. 

Apon?. of thefe Streames I roode by fair Stone Bridges* 

The Firft Arme of the 4. was the lcfte, and had no Bridge 
that I markid. On the North fide of the firft Bridge was a 
Chapelle now prophanid. 

S. Marie Oterey Town is from Veniton Bridgges. 

From Veniton Bridges to Honiton a 2. Miles on the Eft Ripe 
of Oter River. 

Honiton is a fair long thorough Fare and Market Toun, 
A longging to Courteney of Powdreham : bevng juft xij. Miles 
from jLxcefler by Eft in the High Way to London. 

A litle beyond Honiton I left London Way on the right 
flond and rode North Eft 3. Miles to Mohun s Oterey. 
y The Hedde and Courfe of Oterey". 

Oterey rifith flat North a 5. Miles above Mohun' s Oterey 
I about 

• at a Place caullid Oterfbrd. 

•••Thens it rennith a 4. Miles to a Village caullid Upoter. 

Thens a Mile to Mohan's Oterey. 

Mobun 9 s Oterey fumtyme caullid Oterey Fleming. Syr George 
Carew hath a goodly { Maner Parke at Mobuns Oterey. 

Syr George Carew told me that this Lande * was not the 
Landes of Mobun of ....... . but of a nother F0I.40. 

Mobunj of whos Napie ther were Barons. 

He fatd that Mobun of Somerfetjbire the Erie bare in Gold 
a Crofted ingraile" Sabelles : and that Mohun of Dtvonfhir gave 
the Arnte with the pouderid Maunch. Much of the Land 
that this Mohun had cam by an Heir General of one Fie* 



m about 2, Miles] about three Miles G. *Twas 3. alfo firft of 
all in the Orig. but afterwards ahcr'd by Mr. Leland himfelf. 
ft now longging G. y Hare defunt in B. I Sic Autogr. About 
tautum in B. • about a Place G. £ Maner and Parke (5. ntoas 
not of the Mohuns Erla of Somerfet, but of a nothar St. teas 
not of the Landes G. $ Manu Burtoni. 



I 3. » Bridges. 

E $ mingf 



Jo LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

ming, that was Lord of Stoke Flemings Lordfhip and the 
Caftelle at Dert mouth. 

Alanus Fleming was a notable Man « on that fi Stoke. 

Carew maried an Heir General of the /S Stoke of Mobun of 
Devonjbir. 

Carew trcw Name Mbntgomeril, and be is written thus in 
Mont Go- id y Evidence, Montgomerik DnTde Carew. 
,nC^Ctt, " S? r Nicolas Carew cam out of this Stok. 

The very Auncient Armes of the Carews be 3. Lions Sa« 
belle in Gold. 

Ther was and is a Chapelld of S. Patrike* as I remember, 
yn the Caftelle of Dartemoutb; and it hath beeneyn tymes 
parte, as it apperith, fum litle Celle annexid to fum great 
Abbay. 

Oterey goith from Mobun's Oterey to Honiton a 3. Miles, 

Thens to Veniton Bridge a 2. Miles, 

Thens to S. Mary Oterey. 
Fol. 41. Oterey goith from S.Marie to Newton Bridge about a Mile of. 

Thens to Oter Mouth and the very Se a v. Miles, 

Oterton a praty fifchar Toun ftmndith on the Eft fide of 
the Haven about a Mile from Otermoutb* 

And on the Weft fide of the Haven is Budelegb right al~ 
jnoft again Oterton: but it is fumwhat more from the Chore 
then Oterton. 

Lefle then an Hunderith Yeres fins Shtppes ufid this Ha- 
V$n, but it is now clene barrid. 

Sum caulle this Haven Budeley Haven of Budeley Toun. 

The Mouth of Oterey Haven lyith South Weft. 

Ther is a Fisfhar Village lower then Oterton* even at the 
verv Eft South Eft point of Uterptoutb. Thia Village is caullid 
Saftenie, and hath beene in tymes paft a thing of fum Efti- 
mation : and of this Village the Haven of Otermoutb was 
caullid Saltern Haven : or peraventure of a Crek cummijtg 
out of the mayn Haven into it. 

From Mohuns Oterey to Colington v. Miles by good Corne 
f afture and Aim Wood. 

About a Mile or I cam to Colington I few from an Hille 
Shoute a right goodly Mafier Place a Mile of on an Hille 
fide of the Lord Marquife of Dorfete, and by it a goodly large 
Parke. 



in for on Q. fi Stock $. y Evidences G. 



LEXAND'S ITINERARY. 7* 

' The Toun felf of ColingUn is no very notable Thing, the 
Perfonage of it is impropriate to . . . , . . 

The ftisfliop of Excifttr*$ Chauncelar is Vicar of this Town 
u and a Mr Houfe ther. 

, Colty River rennith under the Rote of an Hille that this 
To*n ftondith oh. 

This Brooke rifith, as I could efteme, by Weft North 
Weft a . . . . Miles from Celington, by the which it ren- 
nith : and then, as I marlrid, it paffith by Colecombe Park hard 
by Colington lately longging to the Marquife of Excefter y and 
tnens going a Mile and more enterjth betwixt Axbridge and 
AxTMkib Towne into Ax Ryver. 

From Cotingttn to Seton now a Mene Fiflchar Toon fcant 
4. Mile. 

I paffid over Cole Water again at Coliford> or I cam to 
Seton. 

Ther hath beene a very notable Haven at Seton : but now 
ther lyith bet wen the 2. Pointes of the old Haven a mighty 
Rigge and Barre of pible Stones in the very Mouth of it : 
and the Ryver of Ax is dryven to the very Eft Point of 
the Haven caullid Whit Ctif, and ther at a very finaul Gut 
goith into the Se: and her cum in [fmall fifher * Boatea 
for] focpur. 

The Town of Seton is now but a meane Thing, inhabited Fol. 41, 
with Fifchar Men. it hath bene far larger when the Haven 
was good. The Abbate of Sbirburne was Lord and Patronc 
of it. 

Ther longgi^nd doth yet 1 1 Chapelle Qn he Wcft paft oycr an 
loSrf«caullid2^^^ Hil , fa d ^ i$ mjl 

and, dier is anHamletof Fifchar Men. ^ J^ Maner p, a / Cj 

^ ^q^JSS ? 1 ^- » f ° r ^ ^tyme the Lord BonviHes\ 
cour of Shippelettes at this Bvreword: _. 7 i_^ :#% ,. ^ a— %*' 

butthercamfuchaTempefta 3 .Yeres n °V°fW?F, ^ M ^ 
fins as never /s in mynd } ^f h^ before ^o{ Dorfete: 
was fene in that fhore, and tare the Pere in Peaces. 
The Men of Stton began of late fDay to ftake and to make 



* Addt hath cum B. /S in mynd of men bad before beene feene G. 
7 Lege cum B. of men had before beene feene. I Dayes G. 



1 ktei Jor place without the Crotchctt. 

amayne 



1% LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

a mayne Waiille withyn the Haven, to have divertid the 
Courfe of Ax Ryver, and ther almoft in the Midle of the 
old Haven * and ther" to have trenchid thorough the Chi- 
JUUj and to have let out Ax and receyvid in the mayn Se: 
But this Purpofe cam not to tXctit. 

Me thought that Nature moft wrought to trench the Gii- 
fil hard bv Seton Toun, and ther to let in the Se. 

The Weft Point of Axmouth Haven' is caullid Berewora\ 
fcant half a Mile diftant from the very Toune of Setm. 

Sidmoutb a Fiflchar Toun with a Broke of that Name fi and 
a Bay vj. Miles * Weft of Seton 

The Eft Point of Axmouth Haven is caullid fVbitt CUf. 

Thefe 2. Pointes be almoft a Mile in Diftaoce, 

The veri Iflue and Mouth of Ax into the Se at this Tyme 
is hard under the Rootes of'JVbitecUf 

I paffid from Stton at Ebbe over the Salt Marfches and the 
Ryver of Ax to Axmoutb 9 an old and bigge Fifchar Toune on 
the Eft fide of the Haven. 

The Priory of Sion was Lord Patrone here. 

And heere I lernid that ther is an Abbay in Normandy 
caullid Mountborowy and this Place fhewith by Writinges that 
Axmouth j Sidmoutb and Qterton were Celles to it. 

The Defcent and Cour/e of the Ryver of Ax from the Hid. 

• Ax rifith a Mile Eft from y Bermifire, a Market Toun in 
Dorfetflnr^ at a place caullid Axtno/te 9 a ground longging to 
Sir Gilts Strangwais in a More on the Hangging of an HSUe: 
and thens rennith South Weft a 4, Miles to Forde Abbay, 
ftonding in Devon/hire on the farther Ripe of it. And here 
about it is a limes to Devonjbir and Sonurjetflnr. 

Ax % then rennith to Axmin/tre, a pratie quik Market 
Toun a 3. Miles lower ripa citeriori. This Toun is in ZV- 
vonjbif* 
Fol, 43. The Perfonaee of Axmifter y as I lernid, is impropriate to 
the Chirch of York. 

The Chirch of Axmlftre is famofe by the Sepultures of 
jnany Noble Danes (lain in King ALthtlftanet Time at a Batel 



« and thtr dtfunj Q. Jtrdindext. £ end * Bey defeat G, 
y B em i fire G. 



9 Well Seton. x theaa. 

on 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 73 

an Brumfdoun therby? and by the Sepultures likewife * fum 
Saxon Lordes flain in the fame Feld. 1 

Ax fi thens rennith thorowgh Jxmi/h-t Bridge o( Stone about 
a Quarter of a Mile lower then Axmijhre * Toun f 

Sumwhat lower then this Bridge y enterith Artey Ryver, 
being fuiptyme. a Raging Water, into Ax Ryver. 

Artey rifith by North Weft, and enterith intf Ax by Eft. 

Ther is a Stone Bridge on Artey about half* Mile from 
the Place wher it enterith into Ax. 

This Bridge of fum is cauHid Kilmington Bridge, a Village 
not very far from it. 

About half a Mile lower then Axmiftre Bridge is Newen- 
batty fumtyme an Abbay of Bernardines 9 of the Foundation 
of Mohun Erie of Somerjetj and it ftondith on the hither Ripe 
of Ax to the Eft in Devonjbire. 

Ax rennith a Mile dim. lower thorough Ax Bridg of 2. 
Archis of Stone. This Bride fervith not to * pais over at 
High 3 Tides, otherwife it doth. 

Thens Ax rennith half a Mile lower to Axmouth Town. 

And a Quarter of a Mile lower it goith undre White CBf 
into the Ocean Se, ther caullid Ax Bay. 



W. 

Froip Axmuth to Lime a 4. Miles by meatly good Ground 
but no plenty of Wood. 

Lime is a praty Market Toun fet in the Rootes of an High 
Rokkv Hille down to the Hard Shore. 

This Town hath good Shippes, and ufith Fisihing andMar- 
chauntice. 

Merchauntes of Marlep in Britain* much haunt this Town. 

Ther cummith a (hadow Btooke from the Hilles about a 
3. Miles of by North, ancf cummith Acting on great Stone 
thorough a Stone Bridge in the Botom. 

m Lege, of fum. ef fum G. fi then rennith 6. y enterith 
Tearley Ryver G. cam quinque Punftii. > Menu Bartoni. 



a ton*, s pflfc. 3 tyda. 

Th« 



H LELAN^S ITINERARY. 

- Tiie Tounes Men commandy caul this Water the BtuUd* 
One Borowth a Marchaunt Man in Time of Minde builds 

id * bar Houfc in Lime* having a * goodly Towr at the En- 
ter of it. 

Ther is*ut one Paroch Chirch in Limt. 

Ther is no Haven at Lime : But a Quarter of a Mile by 

Weft South Weft the Toun is a great and * 

[in the Sea for Succour of Shippes.] 
FoL 44. • lime is diftant from CtUngton a v. Miles. 

From Colington to Charmeuth by medy goode Ground a 
good Fisfhar Toun a long Mile. 

Here I firft paffid a litle Broket, and after in the very Bo- 
torn and farther End of the Toun I paffid over Chenrehfke, 
that a litle lower gokh into the Se : and of this Ryver the 
Town taktth the Name. 

Chart Water rifith a 3. Mile* above Chtrmmdh by North 
in a Park of the Ranges caullid Marfcbt fftoide. 

From Cbarmoutb to Chtdwik a 3. Miles by meady good 
Ground?. This is a Fisihar Town diftant a Mile from the 
Shore. ArundaU of Lanberon in Cormvcul is Lord of this 
Town, and hath a Manor Place and Park there. 

In the farther End of this Town I paffid over a Broke that 
tbfin&ieforiith to the Se. 

From Chidwik to ' Bridport by Corne, Pafture and Wood, 
2. Miles. 

At the Weft Ende of this Town rennith a Ryver : and go- 
ihg ft Mile lower eaterith into the Ocean. 

Nature hath fo fet this Ryver Mouth in a Valley bytwixt 
%. Hiilcs that with toft tho Se might be brought in, and 
[there an Haven] made. 

- Britfnrt) of fum written Bruteport, is a fair larg Town, 
and the chief Streat of it lyith in lenght from Weft to Eft. 

. Tber cttfib a Mother fair Strete $ in Midle of it into the 
South. At die North Ende of this Streate is a Chapelle of 
S. Jhdrm* % wher fum fay that the Paroch Chirch was yn old 
Tyme. 

The Paroch Chirch of the Town is now ftonding in the 
South End of this Streate." 

I few a Tumbe on the North fide of the High Altare in 
this Chirch having this Inscription :. 

« goodly decft G. fi in the Midle G. 

1 ii ■ ■ 1 ■ !■ 1 

1 Britport. 

Hit 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. yj 

Hicjacei « Gulieknus, filius Elizabeth de Julers, ComtUJfx 
Cantiae, Confanguineat Phuippae ftmdam Regina Angl. 

Ther was in fight or ever I cam over the Ryver into ifrit- 
part a Laaar Houfe : and not far of a Chapelle of S. Mtgda* 
lane in the which is a Cantuarie foundid. 

And over the Bridge a litle by Weft in the Town is a 
Chapelle of S. John. 

Ther is alfo a Chapelle in the Town of S. Michael. 

The Town longgith to the King and hath £ Privilege for a 
Market and a. Bailives. 

From ' Bridport to the; North Weft Point of the Chifil ren- 

ning from Portland thither y about a Mile 

Shore fomewhat baying. 

} the Caurfe of the Ryver that cummitb to * Bridporte". M. 4S« 

This Ryver rifith by North litle more then half a Mile a- 
bove Bemtftrsy and defcendith as yet a fmaul Water down 
by the Eft Ende of Bemtflre under a litle Stone Bridge of 2. 
praty Arches. 

Bemtflre is a praty Market Town in Dorfet/bire 9 and ufith 
much Housbandry, and lyith in one Streat from North to 
South: and in a nother from Weft to Eft. 

Ther is a fair Chapelle of Eafe in this Town. Netberby is 
the Paroch Chirch to it : and Bemtflre is a Prebend to the 
Chirch of Saresbyri. 

Bemtflre is but 4. Miles from Crootejhem, a Market in 
Smerfetftnr W North from Bemtflre. 

Hoke Park navtng an aunctent Maner Place t on it is but a 
Mile dim. by Eft oouth Eft from Bemtflre. 



'm Inert exempiaris Burtoniani hare legitnr net a, qnam ii babe- 
mns in Galei Exemplar i : This William was Sonae of Sir Enflsee 
Dabregeeonrt Kt. fecond Sonne of the L. Dabridgtcourt in He* 
nauii, »nd of this Elizabeth, Daughter of Gerrard E. of Jnliert, 
the Widdowc of Jehn Plantaginet £. of Kent, Sonne of Edmund 
of Woodftoek E. of Kant, and Brother to K. E. a. This William 
was Brother to Sancbet Dabridgtenrt Kt. and one of the Founders 
of the Garter. Elizabeth was buried in the White- freres at Wtn- 
ibefler. qua in Autograft Jefideratur. /8 Privtledge* G. y abent 
a v. Myles by Shore fometobat bay age St. I Defunt B. t in for 
1U G, 



i Britprfc a Britpoite, 

Shirburn 



7* LELAtfD'S ITINERARY. 

Shirbum is 6. Miles toward the Eft from Btmiflri. 

The Ryyer goith from Btmiflri a Mile lower to Netberbiry 
an Uplandifch Toun, leving it on an Hille on the farther 
Ripe toward the Weft. Heere be 3. Prebendes togither 
longging to the Chirch of Saresbyri. 

The hrft is communcly caullid Netherbyri in Ecclefos. An- 
tonie Cbalcedonit hath this. 

The fecund is caullid Netherbyri in terris. 

The 3. is caullid 

The Kyver from Netberbyri rtnnith a 3. Miles lower onto 
1 Bridport firidg. 

And a Mile, lower by South into the Se. 

I rode from Britport 3. Miles to Netherbyri, and then a 
Mile farther to Bemi/fre. 

The Ground al this way is in an exceding good and al- 
moft the Wl vain of Ground for Come, and Pafture, and 
Wood, that is in al Dorfetjhire. 

I rode from Bemiftre a Mile to the Toppe of an High 
Hille, and ther I left not far of on the lift Hande * North 
warde Ax KnolU> wher Ax Ryver rifith that goith to Ax- 
mouth. 

Then I rode a Mile farther by Corn, Pafture and Wood. 

And after a 3. Miles moft by Morifch but good Pafture 
Ground for Breede of Catelle onto Ever/hot, a right « homble 
and poore Market Toun. 

And fo a Mile to Milbyri by venr good Ground. 

Mr. 3 Strangeguaife hath now a fate much' buildid at MyU 
byri fi quadrato> avauncing the inner Part of the Houfe with 
a loftie and frefch Tower. 

There be 2. of the Browninges fumtyme Lordes of Milbyri 
that hath Tumbes in the Chirch hard by the Manor Place. 
Fol. 46. Hie jacet Joan. Bruning, filius & hires Joan. Bruning & 
Aliciae ux % ejus, fill* & beredis Joan. 4 Mantravers AGlitis, 
qui fuit 2. filius Joan. s Mantravers Militis DnI de Hoke : &f 
Alenora uxor eju\ filia fcf una htredum Thorax Fitznicolle 
Militis^ Dni de Hulle juxta Berkeley in ComiU Gloceftr. qui 
quidem Joan, obiit 16, dig Decembr. a , D. 1416. 



m bcmble] homely G, fi Add* lapide. 
1 Britport. ft Northwordc 3 Straflgcguajrfc, 4 Mautnrai* 5 MantraTOt, 

Hk 



L£ LAND'S ITINERARY. 77 

Hie jacet Gul. Brouning armiger^ filius Joan. Brouning it 
Melbury, armigeri^ iff Alienors uxoris ejus, jilt* fcf unius ha~ 
redum Thomae Fitznicol Dnf de H\Ajuxta Berkle « in Civit. 
Gloceft : & Katarina ux. ejus>filia Laurentii Dm de South- 
cote juxta Reding in Comit. Barksfhir : fi ac Alicia Burton 
poftea uxor fined. GuLJilia Joannis Burton, &f Kabellac ux. 
ejus, filia W bered. Joan. Twiford armigeri \ qu* quidem AH* 
cia banc tumbam fieri fecit 0°. 2>. 1467 . 

Thcfe Epitaphies were writen apon 2. Tumbes yn the 
Chirch at Melbury. But I lernid there that a faying was, 
That the Body of one of thefe Bruninges was buried at Milton 
Abbay : and die Body of the other y to Came. 

Infcriptions made lot the Requtft of Mafter Trewry 
at the Caftelle of St. Maw's. 

t Henricus oft. Rex Angl. Franc. & Hibernia invi&UT. me 
pofuit praefidium reipubl. terrorem hoftib. 

Imperio Henrici naves fubmittite vela. 

Semper honos, Henrice 9 tuus laudefque manebunt. 

Edwardus fama referat fadifque parentem. 

Gaudeat Eduuardo duce nunc CornuUa felix. 

Ther is a fair Park hard by the Maner Place of MHbyri. FoL 47, 

And yn this Park is a Pond, out of the wich iffuith a 
Broketh that with the Courfe of a right few Miles goith into 
IvtUe Ryver. 

The Stranguaife cam to this Lordihip by .* Purchafe. 

From AftWyri up the Hille about a Mile by frutefulle and 
meatly welle woddid Ground. 

Then a vj. Miles ftille by champaine Ground on an high 
rigge, wher in fight was htle Corn and no Wood, but al 



m in Givit. Leg. in Comit, for 'tis Comitatn in G. fi At Alicia 
&c. filia fuit Joannis Barton, G. fed cum tribus Pundtis. y at 

. m • 

Cerne G. Sic in Autogr. At Cerne Abbey in B. I By Mr. Ldand 
bimfelf. % Thefe Jnfcriptions are placed in G. immediately after 
what he lays of Pad/low at the End of Fol. 95. 



I pnrcfeice. 

about 



ft . LXLAHDV ITINERARY. 

about great Flokkes of Shepe, from whom al the Ground 
therabout is very « propice. 

Here at the Ende of the Riggc or I defcendid I nurkid to 
Brookes going to Fraw or Frown Ryvtr: 

The one caullJd Sidling or Silling going into From* about 
Bradeforde on the right Hond. and this Broket rennith not 
from the Hed paft a 2. Miles. 

The other was on the lift Hand dimming from Comhe V*- 
kunct and gotth into Frame. 

Thens I paffid down the Hille to Frame Toun a praty Hus- 
band Town a Mile of, and fo I paffid at the fi Tounes over a 
Bridge [of 3. Arches] ftonding on /raw Water. 

The Cmrfi of the WaUr of Fraw or Frame from the Hedde. 

Sum fay, That the fartheft Spring of Frome is at a Place 
caullid Kenford about a 2. Miles above Hooke Park. 

The moft common opinion is, That Promt rifith in a great 
Pond in Hoke Park and thens goith to 

Thens to Frohu Toun lying on the South Weft fide of the 
Ryver. 

Thens to Miles to Bradeford ftonding on the fame Ripe of 
Frome. 

Thens l. Miles to Dorchefter. 

Fordington Bridge off Stone is a litle beneth Dorcbefter 
Town. 

About a 2. Miles lower is Woddefori Caftdlc on die lift 
Hond and Ripe, as the Streame cummith down. 

Thens to IVolle Bridge a 5. Miles. 

Byndon is a litle lower then Woile Bridge, and ftondttfa on 
the right Hond and Ripe as the Ryver defcendith. 
Mm aCelk Thens fcant 3. Miles to Holme on the right Hond and Ripe. 
toMomtz**. Aftd g , lit , c lowcr about a 0^^,. ^ a jviifc y is Holme Bridge 

of 4. Arches lower 

Fol.48. From Frome town to Uphil al by Hilly Groand baren of 
Wood but exceding good for Shepe a 4. Miles. 



* propice'] Sic etiam in G. fed cum quatuor pan&is fub piee. 
Nonnulla hie loci defunt in St. Sic plane in Autogr. Propper in 
B. fi Adie end cum B. y h Holme Bridge of ^ Arebes. Ware- 
warn Bridge of 6. Arebes 2. Miles Aver St. 



11*. 

At 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. q$ 

' At this Upbil on the fight Hond as I cam is the very Hfcdde 
*f #fcv Ryver, that of fum ys caullid Wile. 

Heerc 1 cam into the way that ledith from Dirchejhr to 
Waymouth 3. good Miles diftaat from this Place, by al the 
which way I rode aa yn a hafe level Ground. 
Dorchejtcr is 8. Miles from Waynmtb. 
Ther is a Townlet on the hither fids of the Haven of 
Wapnouib caullid « Miltoun beyng pfivilegid and having 
a Mair. 

This Toun, as it is evidently feene, bathe becne &r bigger 
then it is now. The Caufe of this is lavid onto the French* 
Men that yn Tymes of Warre rafid this Towne for Lak of 
Defence* For fo many Houfes as be yn the Town they bt 
welle and ftrongly buildid of Stone. 
Ther is a Chapelle of Eafe in Milton* 
The Paroch Chirch is a Mile of: a manifeft Token that 
Jftlton is no very old Town. 

The* was a fair Houfe of Freres in the Eft Part of the 
Town : and the chief Houfe of the Rqgert in Dcrfetjbir was 
Founder and Patrone of it* 

Mlton ftondith /» as. a Pminfula by reafon of ,the Water of 
the Haven that a litle above the Toun fpreddith abrode y and 
makith a Bay" : and by the Bay of the mayne Se that gulfrth 
in on the other fide. 

The Tqunlet of Waymouth lyith ftrait agayn Mlton on the 
other fide of 3 s the, and at this Place die Water of the Ha- 
ven is but of a finaul Brede : and the Trajeftus is by a Bote 
and a Rope bent over the Haven; fo that yn the Fcry Boot* 
they ufe no Ores. 

Wasgmoutb hath certein Libertees and. Privileges, but ther 
is no Mair yn it. Ther is a Kay and Warf for Shippes. 

By this Toune on an Hille is a Chapelle of Eafe. The Pa- 
soche Chirch is a Mile of. 

The Ryver of Wen or Wilt rifith not 4. Miles fill above 
Waymottib by North Weft at Upbil in the fide of a great Hille. 
The Se ebbith and flowith up aboute a. z. Miles beyond 
Waymoutb. 
Ther is a litle Bane of Sand at the Haven Mouth. 



* Sic in Autogr. fed in B. Miltoun, or Melcombe, beyng cjfr. 
£ in for as G. y defunt G. loftbt Haven, nndnt G. Jddi 
Haven enm B. 



Therf 



8o LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Fal, 49. There renntth up by the right Hond of the Haven a grtat 
Anne of die Se : and leant a Mile above the Haven Mouth 
on the Shore of this Anne is a right goodly and Wariyke 
Caftel made having one open Barbicane. 

This Anne rennith up farther a Mile as in a Bay to a point 
of Land whcr a Trajtfius is into Portland by a long Caufey 
of PiWe and Sand. 

This Anne goith up from die Strait of the TrajeSlus and is 
of a good Bredth, and fo Se lyke goith up to Abbates-Bjri a- 
bout a vij. Miles of, where is a litlc « frcfch reforting to 
the Se. 

A lide above Abbates-Bjri is the Hcd or. Point of the Chifil 
lying North Wcfte, that from thens fi ftreach up 7. Miles as 
a maine narow banke by a right Line on to South Eft, and 
ther buttith on Portland fcant a Quarter of a Mile above the 
new Caftell in Portland. 

The nature of this Bank of Chifil is fuch that as often as 
the wind blowith ftrene at South Eft fo often the Se betith 
it and lofith the Bank [and breajkith thorough it. fb that if 
this Winde might moft continually blow there this Bank 
Jhould fone be beten away and the Se fully enter and devide 
Portland making it an Me, as furely in tymes paft it hath 
beene as far as I can by any conjecture gather. 

But as much as the South Eft Wind dooth bete and breke 
of this Chifille Bank, fo much doth the North Weft Wynd 
again focor, ftrengith and augmentith it. 

On the farther Point of the Traje&us into Porteland cum- 
ming from Weymouth is a Point of Land like a Caufey al of 
Pible and Sand caft up by Rages of the Se. Wheron 1 went 
fcant a Mile to the loweft Part of the Rotes of the High 
Ground of Portland, wher a late a right ftrong and mag- 
nificent Caftel is buildid. 

And from this Caftdle to the very South Eft Point of 
the Chifil is but a lide way : and the Arme of the Se that 
t>ith up to Abbates-Byri gulfith in bytwixt the South Eft 
»int of the Chifil and the Caftelle. 



« frefche Wat or nfortjngt St. & G. fed in G. feptem punc- 
U ponumur fob Wat or. Addt Water cum B. fi Stretch- 
ed B. 



Portland 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 81 

Portland. 

Portland hath bene of auncient tyme be al likelihod envi- Fol. 50, 
ronid m with the Se, and yet berith the Name of an Ifle. It is 
eminent and Hilly Ground on the Shore of it, and a great 
Plain yn the midle of it. 

The Cumpace of it is countid to. be about a 7. Miles. 
But if a Man fhould cumpace it by the very rootes and depe 
Shore the Cumpace wold mount to a x. Miles. 

The Soile is fumwhat ftony : and the Shore very Rokky. 
The Ifle is fruteful of Corn and Greffe : and hath plenty of 
oiieepe. 

There be at this prefent Tyme about a 8o. Houfis in the 
Ifle. Ther hath beenc al moft as many mo as it apperith by 
Ruines. 

There is but one Streat of Houfes in the Ifle, the Refidew 
be fparkelid. 

There is a Caftelet or Pile, not far from fi Streate : and is fet 
on an High Rokke hard by the Se Cliffes a litle above the Eft 
Endofthe Chtfch. 

TheParoche Chirch that is but one at this tyme y in the Ifle" 
is longe and fumwhat low buildid in the Hangging Rootes of 
an HiTle by the Shore. 

This Chirch and Paroche is about a Mile dim. to go the 
next way to it from the Kinges new Caftelle in the Ifle : and 
to go to it by Cumpace of the Shore it is 3. Miles or more. 
Sum fay that in tymes paft ther was a nother Paroch Chirch 
in the Ifle : but I there lernid no certente of it. 

There be very few or utterly no Trees in the Ifle, faving 
the Elmes about the Chirch. 

Ther wold grow more if they were ther plantid j yet is the 
Ifle very bleke. 

The People bring Wood thither out of Wight and other 



Places. 
The* 



*hey brenne alfp Cowe Dung dryed with the Hete of 
the Sunne. 

The People of die Ifle lyve moft now by Tillage, an& 
fumwhat fauHe from Fisftiing. 



« by for with G. fi from tbt Strut G. The Street B. 
y difunt G. 

Vol; 3. F Th« 



82 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

The People be good thjere « in] /S flyngging of Stonys, 
and life it for defence of the Ifle. 
Fol. 5 t. Thc p CO pi c they be politique inough in ■ felling their 
Commoditees and fumwhat avaritiofe. 

The Perfonage fette in the High Streat is the beft building 
in the Ifle. 

The Bisfhop of Winchefter is Patrone of the Chirch. 

The Ifle is the Kinges : and much of the Land there is 
holden by of hym. 

From the Eft South Eft Point of the Haven of Waymotttb 
caullid S. Aldehnes Pointy beyng a litle Foreland, is a litle 
Bay fcant of a %, Miles, by the which I rode : and vij. Mile 
farther I faw on the Shore a litle Fisfliar Toun caullid * LiUe- 
worth, fumtyme longging to the Newborows now to Poynbiges y 
wher is a Gut or Creke out of the Se into the Land, and is a 
focour for fmaul Shippes. y Th 

) ■ Weft LiUeworth on the Weft fide of the Creke". 

Eft LiUeworth is a Mile and more from Weft LiUeworth and 
ftandith up into the Land* 

The Soile betwixt Weymouth and Weft Lillrworth is not 
very * frutefull, apter for Catelle then Corn, and no great 
plenty of Wood. 

But about Eft LiUeworth is metely good i Ground plenty 
of Wood. 

The goodly Maner Place of the Newborowes Lordes of Eft 
LiUeworth is hard by the Paroch Chirch.. 

The Newborows Sepulchres were at Byndon Abbay wherof 
they were Founders. 

The lafte of that Name, whos doughter and Heyre was 
maried to Syr Henry Marney, dyid in Eft/ax or Southfolky 
and ther was byried. 

There ftondith a Tumbe in Eft LiUeworth Chirch that was 
eredid for his Buryal. 

The Genealogie qf the Newborows and the Name of Heires 



« in flinging of Stones G. So 'tis written. Others perhaps 
would read it flyngging. y Th. deeft St. Se G. Bin* iftse litte- 
rs iejunt in B. qua tauten exftant in Autogr. I dtfunt G. • Grmni 
and plenty G. 



t fcfliog theyr. a fretefollc. 

General 



LELAND'S ITINERARY." 83 

General that they « maried with be yn Glafle Windows in a 
Parlow in the Maner Place at Eft Ltllewortb. 

Wher as the Limites of Eft Lillewortb do end, ther begin- Fol. 52. 
nith Porbek Foreft Ground. 

Loke whither Purbeke be not fo cormptely caullid for 
Corbet. 

From EJi Lillexvorth to Holme a Celle to fl Montegue. and a 

of 4. Miles 

litle lower y to Holm Bridge a 2. Miles, moft by low and 
blake Morifch Ground, over growen with Heth and Mode. 

Thens to Ware by much like Ground, faving that about 
.Wareham felf the Ground is frutefuller. 

The lenght of Wareham r as it is now, is from North to 
South. 

Ther is at the South End a fair Bridge of vj. Archis apon 
Fraw or From* Ryver. 

Wareham is now within the Waulles faullen I doun made 
into Gardeins for Garlike. 

I have the Defcription of Wareham in an other Itinerarie 
of myne. 

A 2. forow Lenghtes out of Wareham by North is a great 
Bridge of vi. Archis over Trent Ryver, alias Pyidildaur. 

1 The Courfe of Trente". 

From Wareham to Lichet Village £ a v. Miles by fumwhat 
low and Morifch Ground, fuch as is yn Purbek Foreft. 

Ther cummith a fmaul Gut as in a Fenny Ground out of the 
Haven of Pole onto thcToun of Lichet or I enterid into it. 

When I rode out of Lichet ther lay a way to Pole by a 
Fery ' again Pole it felf: fo that by this way Poole is but 
2. Miles from Lichet. 

But I roede from Lichet about: and fo Pole is 3. Miles 
diftant from Lichet. 

Pole is no Town of auncient occupying in Marchantdife 1 



m marred with are in a GUJfe Window G. ft Montacute Priory 

in Somerfctfliire. and a little lower ^B. y to Holm Bridge a 4. 

Miles f St. Holm Bridge of 4. Miles G. cum pun&is. I doun and 
• . •• •• • 

made G. • Defunt B. & G. { a v. Miles'] a fix Miles G. 



1 Bfijrn. 

F 2 but 



84 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

but rather of old Tyme a poore Fisfhar Village and an Ham- 
melet or Member to the raroche Chirch. 

It is in hominum memoria much encreafid with fair Building 
and ufe of Marchaundife. 

It ftandith almoft as an Ifle in the Haven aad hangith hy 
North Eft to the mayne Land by the fpace almoft of a fltte 
(hot. And in this Place is a Dike, and to it often cummith 
thorough out the Haven Water, and here is an embatelid 
Gate of Stone to enter into the Town. 
M- 5h The lenghth of the Toun liythe almoft fulle by North 
and South. 

The Key for the Shippes ftandith South Eft. 

Ther is a fair Toun Houfe of Stone by the Kay. 

King Richard the 3. began a pece of a Toun WauHe at 
one ende of the Kay; and promifid large thinges io the 
Town of Pole. 

I can gather nootherwife, but wheras of old tymes Shippes 
cam fumwhat nere Wtreham up the Haven, and there had 
vente of their Wares, and fynnes Shippes loft their Rode ther 
for lak of Depth of Water Shippes kept and refortid nerer to 
Pole Toun, aud fo it by a litle encreafid, and Wareham felle 
clene to mines. Howbeit Wareham was ons fore rafid in the 
Danes Warres. 

« Ther is a fair Chirche in Pole. 

Ther lyith agayn the Kay a Point of Land as a Caufey after 
the Fafcion of a brode Swerd fi with a (harp. The Point is 

agayn the Town : the brode part hang 

and by this Caufey Men cum from Lichei to 

die Fcry. 

The Water of Poole Haven gulfith in on bothe fid of this 
Caufe or Point of Ground. 

If a man fhould round aboute cumpace the Water wtthyn 
the Mouth of Poole Haven it wold (beach welle toward 
20. Miles. 

There ly 3. Ifles withyn this Haven, wherof the moft fa* 
mofe is Brunkefey. Sum fay that ther hath bene a Paroch 
in it. Ther is yet a Chapclle for an Hercmite. It longid to 
Ceme Abbay. 



m There is a very fiyre &c. B. £ withe a Jbsrpe Poynt toward the 
Towne, and the brode forte hangjnge up to the Land. And hy this 
Qawjey St. 



Ther 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. Sj 

Tfaer be Men alyve that faw almoft ml the Town of Pole 
kyvcrid with Segge and Risfhls. 

From Pole to the Haven Mouth ♦ 

From the Mouth up on the Shore ' by the South Weft is 
in a Bay a 3* Miles of a Fisfhar Toun caullid Sandwicbe, and 
ther is a Peere and a « litle frefch „, . a nL . , «~ ;-j. - 

Theveryuttsr partof Saina^r^m .J*$« - Cbircb Twtnha 
Point is/Miles from Sandwich. V,1 J' Mlles from Pole ' 

And from this Point ih an other Bay lyith Weft Weft 
Lilltwortb*, wher is Aim focour for Shippes. 

tfVeimetab is fi countid] . . . * Mvlcs from Pole. 
rom Pole to Winhirn 4. Miles, wnerof 3. and an Half be Fo, « 54* 
by Morifch and Hethy Ground. 

The Soile about Winburn Minftre ffelf is very good for 
Come, Grade and Woodde. 

Or I cam into Winbum by half a Mile I paffid over Jleyn 
Bridg of xij. Archis apon St our. 

Bridges on Stour bynetb Blanford Bridg. 

Blanforde Bridge is 4. Miles lower on Stour then Stoureton 
Minfter. 

From Blanford Bridge to StourmiJUr Bridge of Stone a 3. 
Miles. 

Thens to JuBane Bridge Of Stone at the one Eode of Twin- 
&Mrne 9 and half a Quarter of a Mile lower to Aleyn Bridge of 
xij. fair Archis at the other Ende of Twinburn* 

Thens to her Bridge of Stone a vj. Miles lower. 

Thens 2. Miles to Cbrifte-Cbirch Twinham. 

Cbrifle$- Cbircb is communely countid to be viij. Miles 
from Wtnburn* 

The Toun of Winburn is yet meatlv good and reafonably 
welle inhabitid. it hath ' bene a very large Thing, and was 
in price in tynae of the Weft-Saxon Kinges. 

Ther be in and about it diverfe Chapelles that in tymes 



m a Stfefrefcb] Sic in Autogr. a Title frejbe Watar. St. Frefh 
. . . . to the very utter poynt of St. Aldelmus poynt it is a 5. 
Miles fcfr. B. ft countid * 20. Mjles St. 



1 by Southweft. s Miles. 3 been. 
* so. MUeift. 

F 3 pafte 



86 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

. pafte were, as I have lernid, Paroche Chirchis of the Very 
Toun of Winbume. 

The Saxon Kinges had hard by the Toune a Caftdle now 
caullid Badbyri, but clerely down. • The Diches, Hilles, and 
Site ther of be yet evidently feene. now Conyes borough 
in it. 

Ther hath beene fins a fair Maner Place caullid Kingefim- 
Haul, and this is alfo now in a manner clercly defatid. It 
berith in Wrytinges the Name of Kingeftoun Lafcy* Wher- 
apon I gather that one of the Lacys, Predeceffors onto Henry 
Lafcy Erie of Lincoln, buildid this Houfe. and I gather therby 
alio, That the Lafcys were Lordes of Winbume. and by hym 
it cam to John of Gaunt Duke of Lanca/tre, to the which 
Fol. 55. Duke[dome] it yet longgith. And the Courtes for Winburn 
be yet kept at Ktngefton. 

The femofe Wood of Batban, now communely caullid of 
fum Bctbom, is* not far from Ktngefton. 

Kirtjgeftoun lyith by North Weft in a maner hard to 
Winbume. 

The Chirch of Winburne Minftre was firft a Nunnery 
Crc&id by S. Cuthburge. 

It is but of late tymes that a Dene and Prebendaries were 
indu&id into it. 

The Cryptes in the Eft Part of the Chirch is an old Peace 
of Work. S. Cuthburga was buryid in the North fide of the 
Prcsbyterie. 

King Etbeldrede was byried by her, whos Tumbe was lately 
repairid, and a Marble Stone ther layid with an Image of a 
King in a Plate « Brafle with this Inscription : In bee £c§ qui- 
efcit corpus S. E theft red i, regis Weftfaxonum, martyris, qui 
a . Di. 827. 1 3 . & die" Apr. per tnanus Danorum Paganorum 
occuhuit. 

Cuthburga fins was tranflatid to the Eft End of the High 
Altare. 

Erie John of Somerfet, or, as I rather think, John Duke of 
Somerfet his Sun, lyith buried in a goodly Tumbe with his 
Wife in the South fide of the Presbiterie Cub arcu. 

There lyith in a goodly large Tumbe of Marble in the 
South Ifle by the Quire one Bar ok or Berwike, y as I hard fay". 
f There Lady Margarete Mother to Henry the vij. foundid 
and endQwid a Grammar Schole in Winburne. 

' ■ . ■ . »■■ ..,'. \ 

« Of Braffc B. £ Die dee ft B. * Defunt fi. I There Lady 
&c] The fu{l point fhould not be put after Jay but there, unlefs 

we 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 87 

The Minifters of the Chirch of Winburnt hath a praty 
Houfe or College to inhabite. 
The Deane hath a fair Houfe. 

The Courje of Winburn River. 

Winburn rifith a 3. Miles by Estimation above S. Giles 
fflnburne, and fo cumming by North Eft by S. Giles Win- 
burnt, wher Mr. AJfcheley hath his Maner Place and Park, 
defcendith a 6. Miles lower to Wadeford Bridg of 4. Archis 
[of Stone in the] . . . . [Ende] of Winburne Town, and Fo1 * 5* 
fo goith down half a Quarter of a Mile lower, and breking 
ynto 2. Armes rennith thorough 2. Bridges of 3. Archis a 
peace in the very Town of Winburn^ caullid lfebroh Bridges, 
one beyng nere the other : and ftrait cummins into one Bo- 
tom goith' a litle lower to a Mylle, and a Hue lower goith 
into Stour by Eft South Eft not much above Aleyn Bridge. 

From Winburn to Horton 4. Miles much by woddy Ground. 

This was fumtyme an Hedde Monafterie, fyns a Celle to 
Sbirbum. The Village was now a late brent. 

Here is a litle Broke that goith by the Botom of the Toun, 
and therabout hath 2. litle Bridges on it, and goith toward 
S. Giles Afcheley into Winburne. 

From Horton to Cranboum a 3. Miles al by Champain 
Ground hafving] nother Clofure nor Wood. Cranboum 
is a praty thorough Fair, and for one Streat meatly welle 
buildid. 

There rennith a fleting bek thorough it, and * paffid doun 
thorough the Streat felf on the Right Hond. I geffid it to 
reforte to Horton, but I am not fore of that. 

Here was fumtyme an Hedde Abbay, after made a Celle to 
Tewiesbyri by an Erie of Glocefler. 

From Cranebum I paffid about a a. Miles or more, al by 
playne Champain Ground, leving Blakden the Kingcs great 
Park hard on the lift Hond, 

fs WUt/hire." 

Thens a 6. Miles by like Ground to Honington a good 

Village. 



we read -(as 'tis in B.) the for there. There is no Distinction in 
the Original, in which there is written with a little /. The fro 
there in B. « PafTeth B. A manu Burtoni. 

la 



88 LI^AND'S ITINERARY. 

In the botom of this Topn goith a great Water, and ther 
I paffid over a s Bridge of a 3. Archie, « and fo fi Saresbyri al 
Champayn Ground a 2. Miles. 

This Water or Ryver is caullid Ckalkbourn. it rifith a vj. 
Miles from Shaftesbyrt yn the way betwixt Saresbyri and it a 
Mile from the High way in a botom on the left Hand, riding 
from Saretbyri to Shqftesiyri 9 and thens to Honington cummith 
Fol. 57. thys Rvver, that is about a xij. Miles from the Hed of Cbmli- 
bourn Water, arid a 2. Miles dim. byncth Honington it goith 
into Avon about a Mile byneth Hqrnham Bridge. 

And, as I remembre, Mr. Baynton hath a Place on this 
Water, wher his Father was, wont to dwelle. 

The Toun of New-Sarcsbyri with the Suburbes oiHarnkam 
Bridge and Fijfcbertoun is to good Miles in Cumpace. 

Ther be many fair Streates in the Cite of Swtshyri* and 
efpecialiy the High Streate, and die Caftel Streate, fo caullid 
bycaufe it lyith as a way to the CaftelJc of OM-Saresbyry. 
AI the Streates in a maner of New-Sarosbyri hath litlc Streame- 
lettes, and Armes dcrivyd out of Avon that rennith thorough 
them. 

The fite of the very Toun of Sarjsbyri and much Ground 
therabout is playne and low, and as a Pan or Receyver of moft 
parte of the Water of WyUjkire. 

The Market Place in Saresbyri % . is fair and large and welle 
waterid with a renning Stremelet. in a Corner of it is domus 
Civicaj no very curius pece of Work but ftronly buildid 
of Stone. 

The Market of Saresbyri is welle fervid of Flefoh ; but far 
better of Fifch : y for a ) great of the principal Fifch that is 
taken from Tamar to Hampton refortith to this Town. 

There be but 2, Paroche Chirchis in the Cyte of Sores- 
byrty wherof the one ys by the 3 Market Place as in the 
Hart of the Town, and is dedicate to & Thomas* 

The other is of S. Edmunde x and is a Collegiate Chirch of 
the Fundation of DeUtwile Bisfhop of Saresbyry. This Chjrch 
itondith at the North W«ft Eridc of the Toun hard by the 
Town Diche, 



« andfo to Salhbery St. fi Lege to Saresbyri, cum $, %Jkr 
> great parte of St. f Adde part cum B. 



1 B.il^. a is very fair. 3 Mjket* 

This 



ICELAND'S ITINERARY. 89 

Thii piche was made of the Tounes Men * as fuch tytnt 
as Simon Bisfhop of Saresbyri gave Licence to the Burgefes to 
ftrengthen the Town with an eiqbatelid Waulle. 

This Diche was thoroughly caftt for the Defence of the Pd 58. 
Town fo far as it was not fufficicntly defendid by the mayn 
Streame of Jvcn : But the WAulle was never begon ; yet, as 
J reipembre, I faw one Stone Gate or 2. in the Town. 

Harnbam Bridge was a Village long afore the Ere&on of 
New- Saresbyri. and there was a Chirch of S. Martini longg- 

ing to it. 

There ftandith now of the Remain of the old Chirch of S. 
Martin a Barne in a very low Medow on the North fide of 
S. Nicolas Hofpital. \ 

The Caufe of the Relinquishing of it was the Moyftenes 
of the Ground often overflowen. Tor this Chirch was ther a 
new dedicate to S. Martim in a nother Place that yet ftandith. 

Licens was get of the King by a Bisfhop of Saresbyri to 
turn the Kingges High way to NewSaresbyri, and to make a 
mayn fs Bridge of right Pafiage over Avon at Harnbam. 

The Chaunging of this Way was the totale Caufe of the 
Ruine of Old*Saresbyri and Wtkou*. For afore this Wiltoun 
had a 12. Paroch Chirches or more, and was the Hedde 
Town of WiUJbir. * 

Ther was a Village at FisjbtrUn over Avon or ever New- 
Saresbyri was buildid, and had a Paroche Chirch ther as it 
yet hath. 

In this * FifihertouHy now a Suburbe to New-Saresbyrij was 
fins the Ere&ion of the New Toun an Houfe of Blake Freres 
buildid not far firom Fisjberton Bridge. 

Ther was alfo an Houfe of Gray Freres withyn the Toun 
of Saresbyri of theFundation of . , . k Bisfliop of Saresbyri. 

The Cite of OId~Saresbyri Handing on an Hille is diftant F«L j* 
from the New a Mile by North Wcfte, and is in cumpace 
half a Mile and more. 

This thing bath beene auncient and exceding ftrong: But 
iyns the Building of New-Saresbyri it went totally to mine. 

Sum think that lak of Water cauffid the Inhabitants to 



* Mt/uebe tyme St. At B. fi Bridge of rigbt Pafage] Leg. 
Bridge fir P<tfage. 



x FiifoitoA, 

relinquifch 



90 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

relinquifch the Place ; yet were ther many Welles of fwetc 
Water. 

Sum fay, That after that in Tyme of Civile Warres that 
Caftelles and waullid Townes wer kept that the Caftellane* 
of Old-Saresbrri and the Chanons could not am, infbmuch 
that the Caftellanes apon a tyme prohibited them cumming 
home from Proceffion and Rogation to re-entre the Toun. 
Wherapon the Bisfliop and they confulting togither at the 

£ their 

laft began a Chirch « on his own propre foyle : and then the 
people refortid ftrait to New-Saresbyri and buildid ther : and 
then in continuaunce were a great numbre of the Houfes of 
Old Saresbyri pullid doun and fct up at New-Saresbyri. 

Ofmund Erie of Dercheftre and after Bisfliop of Saresbyri 
erc&id his Cathedrale Chirch ther in the Weft Part of the 
Town : and alfo his Palace. Wherof now no token is but 
only a Chapelle of our Lady yet (landing and mainteynid. 

Ther was a Paroch of the Holy Rode befide in Old-Sa- 
resbyri : and an other over the Eft Gate wherof yet fum 
tokens remayne. 

I do not perceyve that ther were any mo Gates in Old- 
Sartsbyri then 2. one by Eft, and an other by Weft. With- 
oute eche of thefe Gates was a fair Suburbe. And yn the Eft 
Suburbe was a Paroch Chirch of S. John : and ther yet is a 
Chapelle ftandingc. 

The Ryver is a good Quarter of a Mile from Old-Saresbyri 
and more where it is nereft onto it, and that is at Stratford 
Village South from it. 

There hath beenc Houfes in tyme of mynd inhabitid in 
the Eft Suburbe of Old-Saresbyri : but now ther is not one 
Houfc ' nether [with]in Old-Saresbyri or without in[habite]d. 
Fol, 60. Ther was a right fair and ftrong Caftelle within Old-Sares- 
byri * longging to the Erles of Saresbyri efpecially the Lenge- 
fpees. 

I reede that one Gualterus was the firft Erie after the Con- 
queft of if. 

Much notable minus Building of this Caftelle yet ther 
remaynith. 



« on tbeyr otone St. fi Their deeft B. 
I oother. % logging. 



The 



I/ELAND'S ITINERARY. . 91 

The Diche that environid the Old Toun was a very deepe 
and ftrong Thynge. 

The Courfe of Avon Ryver. 

Avon Ryver rifith by North Eft not far from Wolpbe- 
Haul yn Wylejbir. The firft notable Bridg that it cummith 
to is at Upbaven. 

Thens a 4. Miles to Ambrosbyriy and there is a Bridge. 

Thens to Woddeford Village a 4. Miles, ftanding oh the 
right Ripe* and JNewtoun Village on the lift Ripe. 

The Bisihopes of .Saresbyri had a propre Maner Place at 
Wodford. Bisfliop Shake/ton pullid it doun bycaufe it was 
fumwhat yn Ruine. 

Thens to Fijfcharton Bridfe of vj. Stone Arches a 3. Miles. 

Thens a very litle lower to Crane Bridge of a vj. Arches 
of Stone. 

Thens a Forowgh lenghte lower to Harneham Bridge of vj. 
gret Arches of Stone a mayne and ftately Thing. 

Here is at the Weft Ende of this Bridge only a litle Met 
diftante betwixt a nother Bridg of 4. praty Arches, and under 
this rennith a good Streme as I take it of Avon Water as an 
Anne breklng out a litle above and fone after rcjoyning ; or 
els that Wihon Water hath ther his Entery into Avon. 

From Harnham Bridge to Dunton a fair Bridge of Stone 
a 4. Miles. 

Thens to Fording Bridge of Stojie a 4. Miles. 

Thens to Ringwodde Bridge a 5, Miles. 

And fo a 5. Miles to Cbriftes-Cbirtb Twinbam, and ftrait 
to the Se. 
Chrijle-Chirch xviij. Miles from Sartsbyri, 

Tbt Courfe of Wile Ryver. 

WyU rifith * ?. Miles or more above Wermifire 9 and fo 
cummith a x. Miles doun to Hanging Langforde ftanding as 
the Defcent is on the right Hond of it. 

Thens a 3. Miles to Stapleford Village on the fame Hand. 

Here cummith into WyU from North Weft Wint[erborne] 
m Water whos 

Thens cummith Wyle a 2. Miles and rennith thorough the F«L Si» 
Town of Wihon dividid into Armcs. 



Water wbos Cowce it a 6. Myles or 7. St. 

And 



9 z t ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

And here cummith into Wik a Ryver caullid Nadder, riat 
Povington Water, bycaufe it rifith about Fovington Village 
5. Miles bv Weft from Wilton. 

From Wilton to Sarestyri 2. Miles. 

Here about Harnbam Bridge is the Confluence of TVylt and 
Avon. 

M, fa. Ex Tabella in Saccllo S. Mart*. 

Orate pro anhna Richardi Poure, quondam Sarum Epifcopi^ 
qui Eccleftam banc incboari fecit in auodamfundo ubi nunc 
fundata eft ex antiquo ndmine Miryfelde in bonorem B. Virg* 
Maris 3. Cat. Maij in fefto S. Vitalis Mafiyris An* D. 121 9. 
regnante tunc Rege Richardo poft Conqueftum prima. Fuitque 
Ecclefia bac in etdiftcando pet jfoatium 40. artnorum tempor'tbus 
trium Regum, videlicet anudicJi Richardi, Joannis, & Henrici 
3. Et confummata 8. Cal. Apr. An . D. 1260. Ifte Richardus 
Epiftopus fundavit Mijfam neat* Mariae Virginis folenniter in 
bac Capella quotidie celebrandam^ fcf appropriavit RecJoriam 
de Laverftoke ad fujtentationem ejufdem MtJJa. £>ui quidem 
Richardus Epifcopus pofiea tranflatus fuit ad Epifcopatum Du- 
TareBtum nelmenfem : fundavit que Monqfierium apud Terrzunt in Comit. 
Durotri- Dorfet. ubi natus * nomine* Richardus Poure : ibique cor 
* um * eju j, corpus vero apud Dureham humatum eft. Et obiit 15. die 

April. An*. D. M. fi CCXXXTIf. XXL H. 3." 

Incipit Prologus in Philobiblon Richardi Dunclraenfis Epif- 
topi, quern lihtum compihvit Robertus Holcot de ord. Preedi- 
catorum fub nomine dicli Epifcopi. 

Dicla Halarij Epifcopi fuper Matthaeum &T 7. Epiftolas Ca- 
nonical. 

Verfus plus minus 300. Michaelis Cornubienfis contra Ma- 
giftrum Henricum Abrincenfem coram D°. y eUclo Winton, 
fcf Epifcopo Rofenfi. 

Poenifentiak Egberti Arcbiepifcopi Eboracenfis. 

Computus Rabani. 

Incipit fuccindus Diabgus Ecclefiqftic* Inftitutionis a Dni 
1 Egbert* Arcbiepifcopo Eburacae Civit. compofitus. 



m Dreft in B. fed eft fpatittm vacuum. /8 A tnanu BortonL 
toft M afterifcum pofuit Lchmdos. y Dilefto B. 



1 Bcifrerto* . 

Binnus 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. cj 

Rrinu* Bptfwpu* Doicaftrenfis ^ Apojtolus * Gerwiflbrum 
Jfcrfltf Roaa^e. 

Birinus Jepukus Dorcajtrise. 

Hedda Epifcopus tran/luEt corpus Bhini *</ Ventanam C/- 
vUatem. 

/Ethelwoldus 26. Epifcopus Ventanus nrr/itf 9*1 corpus ad 
fummum Altare tranflulit. 

Robert Lord Hungreford dyed xvii). of May anno DK 1459. FoL 69 

^fl^/rr is buried on the North fide of the Altare of our 
Lady Chapelle in a Chapelle of his own Fundation. 

Margaret Wife to Mori and Doughter to William Lord 
Botreaux is buried in the Midle of the. feme Chapelle in an 
High Tumbe. 

Sub hot lapide Marmorto de/uper in/hdpto bumafum eft cor- 
pus Reverends Patris Nicohu Longefoe, quondam Sarum £- 
pifcopiy qui plurima buic contulit Ecclejt<c y & obiit 18. Metis. 
Matj a°. D. 1291. ox cujus parte ass/kali jacet Roberta* Wich- 
amton, ex parte boreali Henricus Brandesburn requiefciu 

Ther With under an Arche on the North fide of our Lady 
%> Nobk Men of the. Longefpe*. 

Ther Ivith in a Chapelle on the South fide *£ our Ladle* 
Chapelle Altare « Beaucbaump Bisfhop of &v«m, in th&Midle 
of the Chapel in a playn Marble Tumbe. 

Bisfhop Beaucbamp*s Father and Mother ly alio there in 
Marble Tumbes. 

Syr [John Cb]eyney late Knight of the [Garter] lyith alfo 
in this Chapel. 

Bisfhop Beauchamp had made afore a ache Tumbe and a 
Chapel over it at the Weft End of qui Lady Chapelle* but 
one John Blith Bisfhop of Sarum was after buried/8 under it; 

y it is faid that Beaucbampr axidooas a fiftec of ..... . . 

how (he likid this Tumbe". 

S. O/mundes firft Tumbe ojv the South fide of our Lady 
whil the Shrine was a makyng. 

In Presbyterio ex parte Box. 

} Audtley Epifcopus Sarum. 



« Rich, praefigit B. fi Sic in Autogr. Under it, whoe dye* 
23. Aug. 1499. B y DefuntB. J'Edmundus Audciy 2?. 

t Ccwiffimun, 

Rogerus 



*4 INLAND'S ITINERARY. 

R<*erus m Mortyvalle Epifapm Sarum, fmpkmma buk 
emttuht ecclifi*. Obnt fi 14. £i Men/is Martii, «•. D. 1302. 

y Ex parte Auftrali Presbyt. 

Simon de Gandavo £/«x~Sarum : I obiit #. !>• 1207. 
4. Nonas Apr. 

In med. Presbyterii. 

Robertas • Wyville Epu?£ Sarum. 

In Auftrali Infula. 

Egidiua de Britport EpuTszvum. 

Richardus de n Mcdford Epus* Sarum. 

In Infula Bor. 

i Wytte Epus Sarum cum imaging amea « it. aural*. 

In Navi Ecclefue. 

Felt*. Joannes Chaundelar Epu7$upim primus Tbefaurar. & De* 
canusejufdem EccL x obiit *>. D. 1426. 
p Aher Epus Sarum ibidem fepubus. 

In Bor. Infula navis EccL 
Sipukhra duorum Epifcoporum veteris, ut autumant 9 Sarum. 
Infcriptio alterius fepulchri : 

Adfer epem. devenies in idem. 

Gualtems Hungreford Aftles, qui frit captus a Gallis if a 
Jiiis redemptus. 

There is alfo a fepulchre with an Image of 4. fote in 
lenght of a Bisfhop. 

There be auncient Tumbes on the South fide, wherof one 
hath a Image of Marble of a Man of Warre. 



« De Martmll B. /I 14. Martii i$oz.f$J*fnm$de in B. y In 
Presbyterio ex parte Auftrali B. t Obiit 4. Non. Apr. 1197* B. 
• de Wiville B. £ Sarum obiit 4. Sep. 1375. 49- E. 3- B. 
n Melford B. d* Sarum obiit 1407. 8. H. 4. B. t Walter us de U 
Wile Epifcopus Sarum B. * Deaurata obiit 1270. 54. H. 3. 
B. A Obiit 1426. 5. H. 6. B. p. It a Auttgr. fine lacuna ; Jed 
in B. bee mode epus Sarum ibidem fepulras. 

There 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. 95. 

There is a Bisfliop buried by the fide of the Waulle of die 
South Ifle again the High Altare without as in a Cemitery* 
wherin the Vergers ly, and in one of the mayne Butteres of 

the Chirch ther is hard by an Inscription Latin 

fumwhat defacid. 

Thingges excerptid out of the Martyrologe 
Booke at Saresbyri. 

Nonis Januar. obiit Walterus Walrond, qui dedit terram it 
Eftdeona ad Communit. bujus Eccleft*. Obiit 2°. Non. Januar. 
Walterus de la Wyle Epu~ Strum, qui fundavit EccL Con- 
Uintu. « S. Edmundi. 

Obiit 3 . Cal. Febr. Serlo Decanus Sarum & poftea Abbas 
fi Cirenceftriae. 

Gualterus primus Decanus Sarum. 

Areftaldus Sacerdos advunculus S. Ofmundi. 
d 9 

Helias de y Berham Canon. Sarum, qui a ftrima fundationo 
Rector fuit noya fabric* EccL Sarum 25. anms. 

Henricus de Winterburn dedit in commune Ecclefia Sarum 
decimal de dominico fuo de Winterburn. 

Robertus Wykehampton JS^rSarum obiit 4. Calendas Maij. 

Hubcrtus de Burgo Juftictarius Angl. obiit 7. Idibus Maij. 

Nicolaus Langefpe Epus^zrum obiit 15. Cal. Junii. 

GalfridusDifpenfator vir Nobilis. 

Ernulphus Falconarius dedit duos Prabendas EccL Sarum. 

Hubertus Epus Sarum poftea Arcbiepus Cantuar. FoU65* 

1 Hardingus i\ Tbefaurarius EccL Sarum. 

XBerbertus de Percy dedit * treebendam do Cerdeftoke EccL 
Sarum. 

Henricus Ceflun Canon : Sarum impetravit tranftationem 
EccL Sarum. 

Robertus Cementarius rexitper 25. annos. 

Alicia Bruer contulit buic EccL Mum marmot ad novam 
fabricam per 12. annos. 

Gualterus Scamel Tbefintr. Dec. £* poftea Epus Sarum 
obiit 12. Cal. Oaobr. 



* Sepultus ad altare Sri. Edmundi odiit B. fi Circccftrcnfu B, 
y Sic in Autogr. Dcrham tantummodo in B. I Bcrbcrus B. 

1 Hardbgiu i». (ic) prima, 

Gualterus 



96 LELAND* ITlNERAfcY. 

Cualterus de la iVyle Epus Sarum riff* 12. Cal Odobr. 
fepuhus eft ad abare S. Edmundi. 

jVmr EccL Sarum dedicata a 9 . D. 1258. a Bonifacio Archi- 
ep3 Carttuar. pfffente Rege V Regina tempore Egidii Epifcopu 

Robertus Wyville Epus Sarum tii'if 5. /rf. O&obr. 

7/r/i* jMwi . Novembr. Robertus de Bingham Epus Sarum 
QbiitJt*. D. 41246. 

2fr imtuius princeps Thomas de Monte acuto mjn*; Sarum. 

Jocelinus £fftTSarum Mit 14. Col. Decembr. 

Egidius Epmi Sarum *£/** A/. Decembr. 

^ Richardus Comes Cornub. W [r^ Ro]manonun dedit gar- 
dtuum •••••• x* 

Fol. 66, Ther be 10. Archis in eche Ifle of the Body of Sareshjri 
Chirch exceding richely wrought hi Marble. 

There be in eche fide of the firft Tranfeptum by North and 
South of the Weft Ende of the Quier 3. Archis. 

The Weft fide of the firft Tranfeptum hath no Archis but 
a ftrait upright J flatter Waul. 

Ther be iir eche Me on the Quier taking die Presbyteri 
with it 7. * Arches. 

Ther be in eche Part of the fecund Tra*ftftur*, thatftand- 
ith as a Kghte and Divifion betwixt the Quier and ctfe fi Pref- 
byteri, 2. Arches, 

Ther be in the great and fair Chapelle of our Lady at die 
Eft Ende of the High Akare 3. PilJers of Marble on eche 
fide. 

The Veftibulum on the North fide of the Body of the Chirch. 

The Tourre of Stone, and the High Pvramis of Stone on 
it, is a noble and a memorable Peace of Work. 

The Chapitre Houfe large and fair, and ys made 8. fquare 
and a piller in the Mrdle. 

The Cloiftre on the South fide of the Chirch is one of the 
largeft and moft magnificentift of England. 
Fol. 67. A notable and ftrong fquare Tower for great Belles and a 
Pyramis on it on the North fide of the Cathedrale Chirch in 
the Cemiterit. 



« 30. H. 3. addit B. fl Peft Presbyteri eft fpatium units vpcis 



t a*W»idk. a Arch*. 

The 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 97 

The Bisfhopes Palace on the South Eft fide of the Ce- 
tniterie. 

Bisfliop Beauchaump made the great Haulle, Parler, and 
Chaumbre of the Palace. 

The great and large embatelid Waulle of the Palace ha* 
ving 3. gates to entre into it thus namyd. The clofe Gate 
as principale by North ynto the Town. Sainfi Annes Gate 
by Eft. and Harnbam Gate by South s toward Harnbam 
Bridge. The Clofe Waulle was never ful finifhid, as yn 
one place evidently apperith. I redde that in Bisfliop Ko- 
gers Dayes, as I remembre, a Convention was betwixt hym 
and the Canons of Saresbyri de Muro daufu *£»«» 

The Vicara of Saresbyri hath a praty College and Houfe ®*** 
for their Logginges. 

Egidius Bisfliop of Saresbyri caullid Britport, becaufe he 
was borne at Britpcri in Dorfetjbir. 

This Egidius kyverid the New Cathedrale Chirch of Sa- 
resbyri thoroughout with Leade. 

This Egidsus made the College de Vaulx for Scholers be- 
twixt the Palace Waulle and Harnam * Bridge* 

Part of thefe Scholars remaine yn the College at Saresbyri^ 
and have 2. Chapeleyns to ferve the Chirch ther beyng de- 
dicate to S. Nicolas. 

The Refidew ftudie at Oxford. 

The Scholars of Vaulx be bounde to celebrate the Anni- 
verfarie of Giles * their Founder at the Paroch Chirch of 
* Britport wher he was borne. 

Richard Poure, Bisfliop of Saresbyri and firft Ere&or of the 
Cathedrale Chirch of New-Saresbyri, fbundid the Hofpitale 
of S. Nicolas hard by Harnbam Bridge, inftituting a Mafter 9 
viij. pore wimcn, and 4. pore men in it, endowing the 
Houfe with Landes. On the South fide of this Hofpitale 

is a Chapelle of S ftanding in an Ifle. Td.et. 

And on the North fide of this Hofpitale is an old Barne, 
wher in tvmes paft was a paroch Chirch of S« Alanine. 

This Chirch was prophanid and a nothef new made in Sa- 
resbyri for it, beringyet the Name of S. Martini* 

The Caufe of the T ranflation was bycaufe « it exceding low 
and cold, and the Ryver at rages cam into it. 



« Aide flood cum B. 



S towirie. % Bridg. 3 thdic 4 Birtpoct, 

G This 



98 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

This Cbirch of S. Martini and the Hammelet or Village of 
Harnbam ftode or ever any Part of New-Saresbyri was buOdkL 

. k One AJibue, alias Ajchgogb y Bisfhopof Sartshyri in Htnry 
the 6. tyme was beheddid in a rage of the Communes for 
asking a Tax of Money, ft as fum fay", on an Hille hard by 
Htdtnrton \ wher at this tyme is a Chapelle and * Hermitage. 
The Body of hym was buried in the Houfe of Bon-Hams 
at Hedington. 

. This Afchue was a Matter of Artes. 

Y Bisfhop Simon gave leve to the Burgefis of his Toun of 
% New*Saresbyri to diche * and environe the Toun of Saresbyri 
with, a Waulle. The great Diche and long yet ther apperith, 
but the Waul was never begon". 
Fol. $ 9 . Clarington Park and Maner Place about a Mile by South 
Eft from Sartsbyri. 

The Parke of Clarington is a very large Thing, and hath 
many Kepers yn it. 

Ther was at Clarington a Priory caullyd Ivy Gbircb. 

From Sansbyry to Rumefey fxiiij. 

From Rumefey to i Hampton* 

From Saresbyri to Thomas BekeUs Bridge of 2. Stone Arches 
a Mile al by Champayn. 

Under this Bridg rennith a praty Broke riling a 3, Miles 
above it by North Eft. 

This Broke goith ynto Avon about a Mile beneth £ Harn- 
bam Bridge. 
Paffing a 3. Miles farther I left a Mile of on the right Horn} 
Bukfialt Woodde, a great thing, wher in tymes paft by lifce- 
lihod hath bene a Chace for Dere. 
Stoke ftondith as the Broke Thent 8/ Miles al by Champayn 
rennith x>n the lifte Hand Grounde baren of Woodde to Stoke 
of it. Bridge of Stone Archis. 

Andever Water paffith thorough this Bridg, but it metitb 
afore with Horwel Streme. 



* William Afcough B. of Sarum an. 14.50. 28. H. 6. was 
beheaded B. Dtjunt fi. y Defunt i* B» ujque ad Claring- 
ton. I xiiii. Miles St. Adda Miles cum B. • Miles adaet B. Sea! 
numerus detfi tarn in Autograph* quam in txempiari Blutoniano* 
( Hampftiire additur in ora cedicis B. 



a Hrrcniray. % Ifcw-Sarabiri. 3 * 

Andever 



99 



L E L A N D'S ITINERARY. 

Andever is 3. Miles of by ...... . from Stoke Bridge. 

' Thcr is a Stone Bridge at Andever over the Water. 

The Hedde of Andever Water is not far above Andever. 

Ther is no notable Bridge on this Water betwixt Andever 
and Stoke Bridge. 

This Water refortith into Tefte Ryver at 

Ruriufey a xij. Miles from Stoke Bridge. 

From Stoke to Wincbeftre 8. Miles al by Champayn Ground 
baren of Wodde. 

The Soyle betwixt Saresbyri and Wtncbeftre of white Clay 
and Chalk. 

The Toun of Winchejter is by Eftimation a Mileirm. in F0I.70. 
Cumpace withyn the Waulles. 

The lenghth of it lyith from Eft to Weft : the Bredth 
from North to South. * 

* Ther be in the Waulles vj. Gates, by Eft one : by Weft 
an other : the third by South : the 4. by North. The 5. is 
laullid the Kinges Gate, and is betwixt the South Gate and 
Wohefey the Bisfhopes Palace. The 6. is * betwixt North 
Gate and Eft Gate, no great Thing but as a Poftern Gate 
nam id Bourne Gate. 

The Caftelle joynith hard to the South fide of the Weft 
Gate. 

The Cathedrale Chirch and the Clofe lyith on the South 
fide of the Towne, and is in Cumpace with the Cemitery 
nere half a Mile : and one tide of it hemmith in the Towne 
as the Waul of it, even almoft from the Kinges Gate to the 
very Palace Waulle of Wohefey. 

The Caftelle or Palace of Wohefey hemmith yn the Toune 
Waulle from the Clofe Waul almoft to the Streate. 

The Palace is welle tourrid, and for the moft part « waterid 

[St. Mary Abjbay a litle by fi Eft withyn . m . . 

welle waterid with an Arme of Altfbrd 

Ryver that rennhh thorough it, and after to Wohefey the Bis- 
{hop's Palace. 

Ther is a fair Chapelle on the North fide of S. Mary Abbay 



* water yd about. Seint Mary Abbey a litle by Eft within the Weft 
Gate welle watery d withe an Arme dec. St. ft Weft in B. & fie 
in Jutogr. a prima manu, fed W delevit ipfe Lelandus. 



x fcjrtwixt. 

G 2 Chirch 




loo LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Chirch in an Area therbv ; to the wich Men entre by a certen 
fteppes. under it is a Vault for a Carnarie. One Inkepentu* 
a Gentilman that berith in his (held a Scheter Sylver and 
Sables, was Founder of it. Ther be 3. Tumbes of Marble 
of Preftes Cujlodes of this Chapelle. 

Entering ynto Wincheftrt by theft Gate ther was hard with- 
in the Gate on the right hand an Houfe of Gray Freres. 

And hard by on the fame hand a litle more Wefte is a 
fair Hofpital of S. John, wher pore fyke people be kept. 
Ther is yn the Chapelle an Ymage of S. Brinftane^ fumtyme 
Bisfhop 'of Wynchejler ; and I have redde that S. Brinftane 
foundid an Hofpitaleyn Wincheftre. 

The Blake Freres College ftoode fumwhat toward the North 
withy n the Town. 

The Wbiu Freres. 

« The Augujline Freres [ftood] without the So 

hond in the 

Fcl. 71. S. SwithuneSy now caullid the Trinite, ftandith in the South 
fide of the Toun. 

A Chapelle with a /S Carnary at the Weft Ende of the Ca- 
thcdrale Chirch. 

The New College lyith without the Toun Wal by South 
hard agayn the clofe Waullc. 

The Water that cummith from Wbhefey and the Clofe 
goith hard by the Efte fide of the College, and fo toward 
Sayncl Crojfe. 

The College of S. Elizabeth of Hungarie, made by y Pontiff 
a 
/era Bisfhop of Winchejler^ lyith ftrait Eft apon the New Col- 
lege : and ther is but a litle Narcw Caufey betwixt them. 
The mayne Arme and Streame of Alsford Water devidid a 
litle above the College into 2. Armes rennith on eche fide of 
the College. 

Withyn thefe 2. Armes not far fro the very College Chirch 
of S. Elizabeth is a Chapel of S. Stephan. 

Ther was an Hofpitale for poore folkes a very Title without 
the Kinges Gate maynteinid by the Monkes of S. Switbunes 
now fufpreifid. 



u The Auguftines Houfe a litle witbe$ut the Smtbe Gate #* the 
lefte Hond in the way t» Hampton. S. Swithcns &c. St. /I Vid. fu- 
pra Fol. 31. & Fol. I. & Vol. 11. FoL 15. y Sic Aitegr. Jed a 
Jfupra Un. n*n exftat in Br /* B. autem {ad oram codicil) legitnr who 

died 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 101 

There hath beene withyn the Town « Waulles a . . . 
• . • Paroche Chirches. 
- Bisfhop fi Fox fuppreffid dyverfe of theffej uniting the 

People of them to y ma "her yet funding : and 

to make [an honjeft Lyving onto the Incumbent There be 
yet . . . Paroche Chirches [ftanding within the Waulles] 
of Win\cbtfter.'\ 

Ther is a Streate in Wincbeftre that leadith right from the 
High Strete to the North Gate, caullyd the Jury, by caufe 
Juts did enhabite it, and had theyr Synagoge there. 

The Staple Houfcs for Wolle at Wincbeftre lay from the 
Weft Gate yn a Bak way to the North Gate. 

S. MtchaeTs Gate in Jrincbeftre is fpoken of of * auncient 
Wryters. but that Name is now out of ufe. Ther is a Chirch 
of S. Mubael by the Kinges Gate, wheron I conjecture that 
the Kinges Gate was fumtyme caullid S. Aficbaeh Gate, or 
els the South Gate. 

Ther is a Suburbe at the Eft Gate of fum caullid the So- 
kin : and is the biggeft of al the Suburbes longging to the 
Cyte of Winchefter. 

In this Suburbe be 2. Paroche Chirchis : and a litle with- 
out this Suburbe Eftwarde on the Toppe of an Hille in the 
way to London is a Chapelle of S. * Gyles, that fumtyme, as 
apperith, hath bene a far bigger thyng. 

3 Waldaruusy Erie of Northumbreland, a Noble Saxon or 
Dane was behedid by the Commaundement of King Wylliam 
Conquerour. 

Ther is alfo a litle Suburbe without the Weft Gate, [and 
withjin it was a ChLcph or [Chapell] i that now fe arii 

Th[e Suburbe] orth. 



died 1304. fecus ac in ipfo Lelando. * Waulles a . . . . Prf- 
rocbe Church is. Bysjhope FoxfuppreJJyd dytrers of them invitynge the 
People of the Towne to mayntayne tie otbar yet ftandinge, and to 
makefom boneft Ljvinge on to the Ineombents. Ther be yet . . • 
Paroebe &c. St. fi Who dyed 1 5x8. in margine Afiogr. Bur- 
toniani. Seddefunt in Autogr. y Jftafunt veftigia vera Jcriptura 
Lelandine ; fed in Burtoni Apograph, maincaine thefe (landing. 
* tbat now fervitbefor a Barm. The Suburbe with out tbe Nortbi 
ieritbe tbe Name of Hyde. St. 



1 auociente. a Gilts. 3 Wber Waldavus. 

G 3 In 



102 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Fol. 7 %. I n t hi $ Suburbe ftoode the great Abbay of Hyde, and hath 
yet a Paroche Chirche, 

This Abbay was ons caullid Newanminftre and ftoode in 
the Clofe hard by S. Switbunesj otherwife then caullid 
Ealdentninjlre. 

But when it was tranflatid thens to Hyde it bare the Name 
of Hyde. 

The Bones of Alfredus, King of the fPeft-Saxons, and of 
Edward his Sunne and King, were tranflatid from Newan- 
minftrej and I ay id in a Tumbe before the High Altare at 
Hyde : In the which Tumbe was a late l found 2. lide Tables 
of Leade infcribid with theyr Names. And here lay aUb the 
Bones of S. Grimbald and Judoce. 

On the South fide of Hyde Abbay betwixt it and the 
Waulie is a Medow caullid Denmark, wher the fame is that 
Guido Erie of Warwik killid great Colebrande the Dane Jim- 
gulari certamine. 

There is yet a Paroche Chirch yn Hyde Suburbe. 

Ther is a litle Suburbe without a Dome Gate or Poflern, 

Ther is a fair Suburbe without the [KJinges Gate caullid 
the Kingesflrete* 

fi lyith alfo a litle Suburbe without 

♦ . e : and here abou[t was the Chir]ch of S. Feitb [taken 
downe amongft others by B.j Fox: and the 

Ther was a very fair Chapelle of S. Caiarine on* an 
Hille fcant half a Mile without Wincbefter Toun by South. 
This Chapelle was endowid with Landes. Thomas Wolfey Car* 
dinal caund it to be fuppreffid, y as I hard fay", 

N. 27, Ex lib.ello Donationum Winton* Ecd, 
Kinewaldus rex dedit Cometon, Alresford, Wordiam & 
Wordiam, 

m Dome Gate] The D it made thus £) in the Oris. It Should 
therefore perhaps bcBorge Gate. Vid. fupr* Fol. 70. fiTJber lyetbe 
.a/Jo a litle Suburbe tc ft be out J be Soutbe Gate: and here about was 
afcyre ClurebeofS. Fty the JupreJyJ ly Bysjbope Fox, and the Pa- 
roche anncxid u Scinft Crofe. St. Legendum for/an 9 Ther lyith. 
SeJ in B. and lyith. y Defunt B. 

1 fount?. N. £. The following forty feven Lines are taken from 87* S3 FoL 
of the eighth Volume of Mr. Hcarn and ought to be inicrted in this Place, as ap* 
pours from Mr. Stow'e Tiaaicript, 

Adulphus 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 103 

Adulphus rex contulit Chiltecomb. 

Egbertus rex contulit Drokenesford, Wordy, Awelton & 
Bcdchamptom. 

Edwardus rex dedit Overton. 

S. Edwardus rex dedit Portland, Wikes, Holcwclle 6f 
Waymuth. 

w£thelftanus rex dedit Chibalton £sf Elendon quod eft 
Worfton. 

Edredus rex dedit Hufleborn. 

Athclftanus rex dedit Merdon li Ecberbyri. 

Emma regina dedit Brandesbyri. 

Ailwinus nobilis dedit Witten. 

Frithefwiglia regtna dedit Taunton. 

Agelwinus dux dedit Cleram. 

Ahvara nohitis uxor Leowin dedit Alwareftok. 

Elphegus prafeftus dedit Crond ... del 

it Wyly id . . . St. 



Hofpitale de Fordingbridge given to the Kinge's College 
in Cambridge 

Abbatia de Waverlegh, 

Ab.. de Letdcgh. 

Prioratus de Selebourne prop* Aulton or. S. Aug. 

Prior atus de novo loco: Newwark in comit. Surrey prop* 
Okyng. 

Prior, de Burton in infukt Veda ord. S. Aug. 

Prior. moniaUum de Ivingho, ex Fundat. epijcopi Winton. in 
diaceji Lincoln. 

Domus Dei de Hampton. 

Decanatus de Somebourn : prope Winton. 

Prior de Motesfont. 

Prior, de Caresbrok in infula Ve£b. 

Ab. de Quarrere in Veda. 

Prior, de Hayling. babet in Cheling infula. nifuUfnpe 

Prior, de Selebourn. "cWdteT*" 

Prior, de Brommore prope Avon. 

Prior S. Cruris. 

Abbot. ' Durford. 

Prior, de Hantelerife : novum coUeg. Winton. nunc pojftdet. 

Prior, de Apledorcomb. 

Prior, de Okebourn. 



i a. Dorfwd. 

Prior. 



104 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Prior, de Ankerwik. 
Prior, de Edenwelle. 

da infula. 

ftokc. 

Fol. 7 j. 3T£# Courfe of Alrcsford Ryver. 

This Ryver firft beelnnith of a great Numbrc of fair Syl- 
vcr Springes a good Mile above Alrcsford : and thefe re* 
forting to a Botom make a great brode Lak, commundy 
caullid Ahford Pond. 

Then it cummith into a . narow Botom and rennith tho- 
rough a ftone Bridge at the Ende of Alresford Toun, leving 
it on the lifte Hand or Ripe. 

Thens to Hicbin Jiok Village a 3. Miles, wher is a lide 
Bridge for Horfe men and Fote men. 

Thens 2. Miles to Ejlon Village, wher is a Wood Bridge 
for Cartes. 

Thens to a Village or Place caullid Worthy : and here the 
Water beginnith to breke into Armes, and thofe again into 
other Armelettes that reforte to Hyde* and the lower Partes 
by Eft of Winche/hre ferving the Streates plentifully of water, 
the Clofe, S. Maries Wotuefiey and the New College. 

The great ftreame of * Alresford [after] cummith from 

Wort[by unto] the Eft Bridge of Winc$e/Ire 9 having 2. 

Arches of Stone. 

Blake Bridge made of Thens half a Quarter of a Mile to 

Wod is betwixt S. Elizabeth S*in& EBzabetbes College* and ther brek~ 

and Eft Bridge. ing into 2. Armes rennith on eche fide 

of it : and thens goith toward Sain£t 
1 Mr PhiUpotte dwellith by Croje, leving it a Quarter of a Myle 
7*wyforde. on the right Hond. 

And after goith to * Tkvyford a Myle 

* Ther is a Wood Bridge dim. lower, wnerabput al the Water jja- 

a title above Wood Mifle therith into one Botom, and thens goith 

caullid Blak * Bridge. a vj. Myles to * Wood Mylle, and ther 

enterith into a Salt Creke. 

Oterburne Village a 3. Miles ftrait South out of Wincbefter. 
Here cummith a Broke downe caullid Oter from Weft, and 
rennith by Eft into Alresford Water. 



1 Abafard Water St. % Bridg« 

v>0 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. jo< 

i 
The Way from Wincheftcr to London, 

To Abreford vij. Miles. 
. To Akoun vij. Miles. 

To Farenbam vij% Miles. 

m To Guldeforde .... Miles. 

To London .... Miles. 

From Wincbefter to Southampton x. Miles, that is 3. Miles M- 74* 
to*Otorturn 9 and vij. forewarde. 

The Soile in fum part betwixt meately good and ipouch 
dry /l feren Ground apter for Brede of ' Cattelle then to 
here Corne, 

The moft part of the Ground betwixt enclofid and reafon- 
ably woddyd. 

Ther is a Park a 3. Miles out of Winchefler* almoft by 
South, caullyd Hurjley y longging to the Bisihop of Wincbefter. 

And by this Park was a Caftelle caullid Merdon, wherof Mar** 
Turn fmaul Ruines or tokens yet remayne. ctfd. 

The Town of Old-Hampton a celebrate Thing for Fiflchar 
Men, and fum Merchauntes, ftoode a Quarter of a Mile y or 
ther above from New-Hampton by North Eft and ftreachyd to 
the Haven fyde. The Plette wheryn it ftoode berith now 
good Corn and Grefie, and is namyid S. Marjfeld by the 
Chirch of S. Man ftonding hard by it. 

Sum Men yet afyve have feene dyvers Houfes (efpecially up 
into the Lande of Old-Hampton) withyn the Feld felf now 
caullyd S, Maryfuld. 

[Some thinjke that the great Suburbe [ftanding a litle with]- 
out the Eft Gate of New-\Hampton I and jojymng to S. Ma- 
rie[feld was part of Old-]Hamptoun. 

Ther is a Chapel of S. Nicolas a poore and fmaul thing yet 
ftonding at the Eft Ende of S. Mane Chirch in the great Ce- 
miterie, wher conftant Fame 1 is the old Paroche Chirch of 
Old-Hampton ftoode. One told me there that the litlcnes of 



m To Guldeford ix. Milts. To London xxv. Mjles, St. Perne S m 
y or there aboutefrom St. For/an legend, or therabout/raw Netv-H. 
In B. folnmmodo, a Quarter of a Mile above New-Hampton, land 
joyninge to 8. Maries Church e is parte of old Hampton St. • is 
the] L. is that the 9 ut in Autogr. 

1 Catelle. 

this 



io* INLAND'S ITINERARY. 

this Cbirch was caufe of die Ere&on of die great Chirch of 
our Lady there now flooding by this occafion : One MattUa 9 
Qucne of England, askid iraat it ment, That a mat Num- 
bre of People walkyd about the Chirch of S. Nicolas^ and one 
anfweryd ; it is for lak of Rome in the Chirche. Then (he ex 
voto promifid to make ther a new : « and this was the Origi- 
nale of S. Marie Chirch'. Thys Queene MatiUe y or Cim 
other good Perfones fbiowing, had thought to have made this 
a Collegiate Chirch ; but this purpofc fuecedid not fully. Yet 
neverthelefe S. Marie Chirch at thys dar fin] token of the 
Auncicnt[nefle of Ould-Hampton is] Mother Chirch [to all 
M* 75* the Chirchcs in New-H]ampton. And yn Teftimonie of 
thys the commune Sepulture of New-Hampton ys in die Ce- 
miteric of S. Marie Chyrche. 

And there be many fair Tumbes of Marble of Marchauntes 
of New-Hampton buryed in the Chirch of S. Atarity as yn 
their Mother and Principale Chirch. 

Ther is on the South fide of the Cemiteri a fair Manfion 
Place of Stone longging to the Perfon of * St. Maries. 

The old Town of Hampton was fi brent in tyme of Wane, 
Jpoyled and rafyd by French Pyrates. 

This was the Caufe that the inhabitantes there tranflatid 
themfelf to a more commodius place, and began with the 
Kinges Licens and Help to builde New-Hampton and to 
waulle yt yn defence of die * Enemies. 

Ther be yn the' fair and right ftronge Waulle of New- 
Hampton thefe Gates : 

Fyrft Barre Gate by North large and welle embatelid. In 
the Upper Parte of thys Gate is Domus Chrica : and [under- 
neajthe is the Toun Prifon. [There is a grjeate Suburbe 
with[out this Gate, and] ther is a great dofuble] Dike welle 
waterid on eche Hand without it: And fo 4. Tourres in the 
Waulle, (wherof the 3. as a Corner Towre is very r fair 
ftronge) to the Eft Gate. 

The Eft Gate is ftronge, but nothing fo large as the 
Barre-Gate. 



« Defunt B. /S Sic Antogr./edhtB. brent, rafed wnd fpoyled 
io tyme of Warre by French Pyraw. y Fair and ftronge B. 



S. Maries, a Ennoniet. 

There 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. go; 

There is a Suburbe without* this Gate, and S. Maria the 
Mother Chyrch of New-Hampton ftondith yn it. 

There be vj. fair Tourres in the Walk betwixt the Eft 
Gate and the South Gate: and loke as the Town without 
the Wauile is doble dichid from the Caftelle to Barre-Gate, 
and fo to Eft Gate j fo it is from Eft Gate almoft even to 
South Gate. 

The South Gate ftondith not even ful South but South Eft : 
and ther is joynid to it a Caftelet welle s ordinauncid to bete 
that Quarter of the Haven. 

Ther is a nother meane Gate a * little more South caullid 
Goddijboufe-Gzxjc of an Hofpitale yoinid to it. 

And not far beyond it is a fair Gate caullid the Water 
Gate ; without the wich is [a faire fquare] key « forfid" with 
.... haven Water for Shippes 

Then a 3. Towrres to the Weft Gate. FoL 7*. 

The Weft Gate is ftrong, and even without it is a large 
Key for Shippes, as there is without the Water Gate. 

There be 2. Gates befide, wberof one is a Pofterne, and 
the other is by the Caftelle. 

The Glorie of the Caftelle is yn the Dungeon, that is both 
larg, fair, and very ftronge, 3 both by Worke and the Site 
of it. 

There "be 5. Paroche Chirches withyn the Toun of 
Jtiamptwt. 

The Holie Roode Chirch ftondith yn the chief Strete of 
the Town. 

There was a College of Grey Freres fi in the 4 South Eft 
Part of the Toune touching to the Toune Waullc betwixt the 
Eft and the South Eft Gates. 



There is an Hofpitale yn the Toun toward the South caul-- 
1 Goddi/boufij wheryn i« a Chapelle dedicate to Sayn& Jh-B??** 
Bane the BisJhop. 



]yd Godde/boufej wheryn i« a Chapelle dedicate to Sayn& Ju- 
ane the BisJhop. 
Thys Hofpitale was foundyd by 2. Marchauntes beyng 



* 



Bretherne the one was caullyd Ge 



m firfei withe files into the Haven Wat or fir Sbipps to refort 
to. St. Deeft B. fi Leg. in the Eft South Eft &c. y Britbren 9 
where of the one tots eaulfyd Gervafiut, and the othar Protofius, of 
tie Saynt % n Day by lykeijhode that they were borne on. The/e t. 



1 crdiwacki, a litl* 3 booth, 4 Eft South Eft. 

Bretbirm 



»o8 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

the other Protafius [of ...... . day by likejlihod that they 

were [borne] 

Thefe 2. ' Brethren, «as I there lernid", dwellyd yn*he 
very Place wher the Hofpitale is now at fuch Tyme as Old- 
Hampton was brent by Pyrates. 

Thefe 2. Brethern for Goddes fake fi caufe their Houfe to 
be turnid to an Hofpitale for poore Folkes, and endowed it 
with fum Landes. 

I redde in an old Regiftre at Wyncbefler, wher Names of Ab- 
bays, Priories and Hofpitales that were of the Patronage of 
the Bisfhop of Winebefier were named, emonge the which was 
Hofpitale Jive Domus Dei de Hampton. 

y I take it this, that fum Bislhop of Winchefler renewid the 
old Fundation adje&Ujg more Lande, and fo had the Pa- 
tronage. 
Pbitt?t*Kt- Syns by the Requeft of a Quene it was impropriate to the 
f£JJ"°f Queries College yn Oxford*. They mayntcyn the Hofpitale, 
3 'and take the Refidcw of the Profites. 

I There be 3. [principal thin]ges yn Hampton* [where] . 

from the [Barre-Gate to the] . ♦ . . Gate is one 

FoK 77. of the faireft Streates that ys yn any Town of al England* 
and it is welle buildid for Timbre Building. 

There ys a fair Houfe buildid yn the Midle of this Streat 
for Accomptes to be made yn. 

There cummith frefch Water into Hampton by a Condud 
of Leade, and there be certen Caftelletes onto wis Conduct 
withyn the Town. 

There be many very fair Marchauntes Houfes in Hampton: 
But the chefeft is the Houfe that Huttoft* late Cuftumer of 
Hampton* buildid in the Weft fide of the Toun. 

The Houfe that Matter Ligbtfler* chief Bane of the Kinges 
Efchekcr, dwellith yn is very fair. 

The Houfe that Mafter Myites the Recorder dwellith yn 
is fair. 



Brethern dwellyd in the very Sec. St. m Defunt B. fi can/yd St. 
Caufcd B. y I take itjbat /me St. I thinke that fome B. 
i 1 her be 3. principal/ Streates in Hampton, where of that that 
goitbe from the Barre Gate to the Jratar Gate is one of the 
fayrefi &c. St. 

I Brrthtra. 

And 



LELAND'S ITINERARY; 109 

And fo be the Houfcs of Nicotine and Guidon Italians* 

A Brefe Defcription of the Haven of Southampton. 

The Bredth of the Mouth or the Enteiy of Southampton 
Haven is by Eftimation a 2. Myles from fhore to fhore. 

At the Weft Point of it is a ftronge Caftelle a late buildid 
caullid Cald/hore, communely Cawjhot. 

There is on the Eft fide agayne it a Place caullid Hamel- 
hrooie, wher be a 3. or 4. Fisfhars Houfcs. 

The Haven (horith up a 7. Miles on the Weft fide tyl it 
cummith up to Hampton Toun ftanding on the other hde: 
And here by Eftimation the Yrajeclus is a Mile from Land 
to Land; 

Thens it goith up farther a 3. Miles to Redbridge : and eb- 
bith and flowith a Myle above that. 

And to this Salt Arme as the higheft and principale Hed of 
the Haven refortith both Tejic Ryver and Stoke Bridge Water 
yn one Bo torn. 

On this fide of the Haven I markid few other Thinges 
notable. 

- But I markid, That the Body and principale Streame of 
the Haven enterid by South as at the Mouth : and went up 

by 

A 3. Miles from Hamelebooie, that lyith as at the Eft 
pofint of] the Haven, goith a Creke by N[orth Eaftl up yn 

to « the Lande caullid com le Creeke : 

and of fum Haven, wher yn is a very Fol 7*. 

fair Rode for greate Shippes. 

It takith Name of a good Fiflchar Toun caullid Hamelrife* 
that lyith about a MMe ynward from the Creke Mouth on 
the lift Hand by Wefte. 

This Towne now longgith to the New College in Win* 
chefter. It longgid afore to a Priorie of Religious Men in 
the fame Toiine. 

A 3. Miles above Hamelri/e at the very Hedde of the Creke 
13 a good Village caullid Budley or Botlej. 

And to this Creeke by my Eftimation refortith the Wa- 
ter cummyng from Bisjbops WaUbam, g praty Tounlet a 3. 
Miles of. 



« the Land, cawfyd commonly Hamdlc Creke, and of feme Ha- 
jndle Haven, toberein &c. St. 

Scant 



no I/ELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Scant a Mile from the Mouth of Hamtlrife Creeke lyithe 
LeteUge on the Shore upward in the mayne Haven. 

Here a late was a great Abbay in Building of White 
Monkes. 

About a 2. Miles upward brekith in a great Creeke out of 
the mayne Haven and goith into the Land by Northe. 

On the lift Hand of this Creke by Weft a litle from the 
fhore ftondith a Chapelle of our Lady of Grace fum[tim]e 
hauntid with Pilgrimes. 

[Right] agayn it is * Hicbyn a finaulle [Village] on the Eft 
fide : and hereof the Traje3us is caullid HiMn-Fery. 

A 2. Miles upper in the Creek lyith S. Dionifr on the left 
Hand and Weft Ripe, where of late was a Priorie of Chanons 
ord. S. Auguft. 

And on the right Hand on the Eft Ripe lyith almoft agayn 
k Bythenty fiimtyme a Caftelle longging to the Bisfhopes of 
Wimhefter : wherof yet Aim Ruines remayne : now a Ferme 
longging to the Bisfliop of Winchefter. 

Wood Mille lyith fcant a Mile upward, as at the Hedde of 
the Creeke : and hither refortith Alresford Ryver augmenttd 
with dyverfe Brokes. 

At W§od Mylle is good Taking of Salmons. 

The Toun of Hampton is not half a Mile above the Mouth 
of this Creke. 

The Shore from Caldfhore to Chriftes-Chirch Twinham. 

Fram^CauIdfim-e Caftette upward by South Weft a . . * 
. . . brekith in a Creeke that goith up into the Land 4 a 3. or 
4. Miles, and: at the Hedde a? this Creeke was Bewiey y an 
Abbay, of. White Mbnkea> aTounie* and a certen Territorie 
of Ground privilegid with San&uarie. 

fi The- Caftelle at Hurfte [thejre is countid to 

he a xilijk [Miles] ihore* 

FoL 79, This Caftelle is fet almoft righte agayne the farther Ende of 
the Land of the Ifle at fKgbt* 

And the Trajt&ut heere from Land to Land is about a 
2i Miles, the which' narow Place is defcndid by Haft 
Caftdle. 

Chrifte-Chirch Twinhambume is a vj. Miles above HwrfU. 



* Hicheninge B. fid Hichin-Ferry mx infra. /S* The C*ftl$ st 
Huxft on the Shore is counted to be * xiiii. my its from CakUJhore. Su 

and 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. »i* 

and this Toun being ia Hampton/hire is the Limes and the 
Ryver by it of HampUmJkir and " Dorfetjbirt. 

The New Cqfltlks in Wight*. 

Ther be 2. New Qaftetles fette up and furnifliid at the 
Mouth of Newporte, that is the only Haven in Wigbte to be 
ipoken of. 

That that is fette up on the Eft fide of the Hfeven is caullid 
the Eft Caw: and that that is fette up at the Weft fyde is 
caullvd the * Weft Cow 9 and is the bigger Gaftelle of the 2. 

The Trajeftus betwixt thefe 2. Caftelles is a good Myle. 

The next part of the Land and Shore of Hamptanjfrire is a 
vij. Miles * from Cowes. 

From Hampton to Hicbin Village that ftondith on the far* 
ther fide of the Fery about a Mile. 

^Thens to Hamelrife a Fiffchar Toun ty nauch endofid and 
Hethy Ground myxt with Feme a 3. Myles. 

Th SS »K ^ i }7 ^ t0 ¥*** 1 kft > Praty Lake on the 
a 2. good Miles by lyke Gceupde. ,.- „ ,. . *"*y , , v . 

Mr. £ 4 IVriothefeky hath buildid a right (lately Houfe em- 
batelid 9 and having a aoodely Gate, and a Condu&e caftelid 
in the Midle of the Court, of it, yn die very fame Place 
wber the late Monafterie of Premoflratenfct floode caullyd 
Tubefelde. 

There is a Gramer Schole propter ripam/ktmims. 

There is alfo a Parke, the Ground wherpf is fiunwhat 
hethy and baren. 

Tbi Gourfe of Tichefcld Water. 

This Ryver rifith about Eftmayru a x. Budskloj is caullid but 3. 
Miles by North Eft from TtcbefeU. It Miles, from TUbefeUe. 
cummith from Eftmaine to Wikebam or 
Wtcombt a praty Townlet on the right Hand a 5. or 6. Miles 
lower, where the water brekith into 2. Armelettes, and goith 



* Sic Autogr. frm tbe Cowes St. From *hcfe a. Cowes B. 
/S Ia era Apograph fm aJjeeit Bortonu$ f Tbe. Wriotbtfiej created 
Baron Ticbfeild i. Jan. 1543. 35. H. 8. 



Dorfrtdhiw, a Wdk. 3 cnterid. 4 Wriotbtfey. 

under 



xxa LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

under %. Wodden Bridgges foonc cumming to one Stream* 

agayne. « Thens to a Wood Bridge by Mr* 

frriothe/leys [Houfe] lcving Tichefeld Toun on the right hand 
a litle beneth goyth under Warebridgt of Tymbre. Hither it 
cbbith and ftouith.' Thens withyn [a] Myle it refortith into 
the Water of Hampton Haven. 
Fel. to. From Tichefeld to Go/port a litle Village of Fisfhar Men by 
much hethy and feren Ground a vj. Miles. 

Heere ftoode aprophanid Chapeue nere die Shore of Piruf* 
ptouth Haven fcant half a Mile from the very Mouth of 
the Haven. 

Thinges that I notid on the Weft » Parte of 
Portcfmuth Haven. 

The Lande at the Weft * Pointe of Porte/mouth Haven is 
a fandy ncfle and fone brekith of gyving Place to the o- 
pen Se. 

Ther is a Round Stone * Tourre with Ordinaunce at the 
Weft Point of the Mouth of Portefmouth Haven. 

And a litle way upper to the Haven is a greate Creke goyng 
by Weft up into the Land a Mile caullid Oflrepole Lake. 

Scant a Quarter of a Mile above this is Go/port Village. 

About a Mile above this Village is a nother Creke caullid 
Forten o( Forten a litle Village by it. 

A Myle and an half above this is Bedenbam Creeke, fo 
caullid of a Village (landing by it. This Creeke's Mouth 
lyith almoft agayn * Portechefter Caftelle. 

Fareham a Fiflchar Village lyith aboute a Myle more up- 
ward at the very Hedde of the Haven. 

It is about zj. Miles from the Weft Point of Portefmutb 
Haven to the [Eaft] Point of Hampton Haven, [and J yn the 

the midlc way /S almoft betwixt [it] [a Village] 

caullid 

Tbinggcs that I notid on the Eftefide 0/Tortefinuth Haven. 
The Land heere rennith farther by a great way ftrait into 



« Thens a 3. or 4. myles to a Wood Bridge St. almofie Utwyxt 
is a Fisjhar Village canfyd* St. 



t put, a point. 3 Tome. 4 Portchefter. 

the 



LELAND'S ITINERARY*. 113 

the Se by South Eft from the Haven Mouth then it dooth at 
the Wefte Poynte. 

There is at this Point of the Haven Portefmuth Toun, and 
a great round Tourre almoft doble in quantite and « ftrenkith 
to that that is on the Weft fide of the Haven right agayn it: 
And heere is a £ rfiight chaine of Yren to draw from Tourre 
to * Towrrc. 

About a Quarter of a Mile above this Tower is a great 
Dok for Shippes, and yn this Dok y * lyith part of the Rybbes 
of the Henry Grace of Dieu y one of the biggeft Shippes that 
hath beene made in haminum memoria. 

There be above this Dok 2. Crekes in this Part of the 
Haven. 

The Caftelle of Portchefter ftandith a 3. Miles by Water 
from Portefmuth Toune. 

The Towne of Portefmuth is murid from the Eft Tour a Fol. 8r. 
Forowgh lenght with a Mudde Waulle armid with Tymbre, 
wher on be great Peaces both of yren and brafen Ordinauns, 
and this Peace of the Waulle having a Diche without it ren- 
nith fo far flat South South Eft, and is the Place moft apte 
to defende the Town ther open on the Haven. 

Then rennith a Diche almoft fiat Eft for a fpace : and 
withyft it is a Waulle of Mudde lyke to the other : and fo 
thens goith round aboute the Toun to the Circuite of a Myle. 

There is a Gate of Tymbre at the North Eft Ende of the 
Town : and by it is caft up an Hille of Erth dichid ; wherin 
be Gunnes to defende entre into the Toun by Land. 

There is much vacant Ground within the Toun Waulle. 

There is one fair ftreate in the Toun from Weft to 
North Efte. 

There is but one Paroche Chirch in the Town. 

There is a Chapelle i in a vacant Ground to the South Weft 
fide of the Town toward the 

There is alfo in the Weft South Weft Part of the Toun a 
fair Hofpitale fumtyme ereftid by Pttrus de Rufitus Bisfhop 



* ftrenkith] Jrength B. fi might] mighty B. y L. lyith yet 
fart, I in a vaeaunt Ground in the Seuthe Wefte Syde efthe Tevne 
toward the Waulle and Shere. St. 



t Tttfflb a lyfehyttfut. 

Vol 3. H of 



Il 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY- 

of JVtruke/Ur, wfacrya were a late xij. poor* Men, and yet 
vj. be yn it. 

I lernid in the Toun that the 2. Towers in the Haven 
Mouth were begon in King Edwarde the 4. tyme, and fetti 
forewarde yn Building by Richard the i. Kyng Henry the vij. 
endyd them at the Procuration of Fox Bisfhop of WincbtJUr. 

King Henry the vij. at his firfte Warres into Prmmu ere&id 
hi the South Part of the Towne 3. great Bruing Heufes with 
the Implementes to ferve his Shippes at fuch tyme as they 
lhaul go to the Se in tyme of Warre. 

One Carpenter a Riche Man made of late Tyme in the 
mydle of the High Streate of the Town a Town Houfe, 

The Toun of Porte/mouth is bare and litle occupied in 
time of Pece. 
M. 8*. .King Henry the vii. of late tyme fette in Pertejmutb Capi- 
taines, and certen (bldiours in * Garrifon. 

The Town of Portefmutb ftandith in a Corner of an Ifle 
bering the Name of Portefmutb. 

This Ifle is in Lenght a vj. Miles and a 3. Myles in Bredth. 

This Ifle berith good Corn and Grafle. 

The Ground is made an Ifle by this meene : There brekith 
out an Arme of the Mayn Haven about a 3. Miles above 
Portefmutb^ and goith up a 2. Miles or more by Marifck 
Grounde to a Place caullid Portebridge 2. Miles from Portef- 
mutb. Then brekith there out a nother Creke out of the 
Mayn Se or Avant Haven and * goith up alfo to Portebridge 
and there is the Ground infulatid. 

The Ground within the Ifle of Portefmutb is parody en- 
dofid, 3 frutefull of Corn and hath fum Wood. 

From Portefmutb Toun to Port abridge of 2* Auches of 
Stone jj a . Miles. 

This Bridge is the Limes of the Ifle. 

And heere I markid one Arme of Sake Water ebbing and 
flowing that cummith owt of Portefmutb Haven up by Marfch 
Ground onto Portebridge. And an other Creke thens from 
the mayne Se to the fame Bridge. And thefe 2. Crekes met- 
ing at the Bridge make the Ifle of Portefmutbe. 

From Portebridge partely by Portdown a playn Ground, 
partcly by Woodde, to Soutbwike a 4. Miles. 

Souihwii is a good bigge thorough fare but no celebrate 



I GaraiToiK 2 fcdkh> galfitfe B. gulfith St. 3 frotcful. 

Market; 



L ELAND'S ITINERARY. n j 

Market. The fame of it ftoodety the Priory of the Blake 
Chanons there and a Pilgrimage to our Lady. 

Here lyith by Eft Souihwile a great Foreft Ground wel 
woddyd caullid Eft Bere welle replenilhid with deere. 

There is a nother Chace and Foreft Ground of this Name 
a 3. or 4. Miles by Weft of Wincbeftre, and is caullid the 
Foreft of Weft Bert. 

From Soutbwike to Wikeham by enclofid Ground 3. Miles. 

There ftandith on the lift Hand of Eftmain Ryver Matter 
Wodales Maner Place agayn the Towne. Wikham is a large 
thorough fare, and welle occupied. 

From Wikham to Wahham a praty Town 3. Miles by en- FoL S3, 
clofid Ground, good Pafture, Wodde and Come. 

Here the Bisfliop of Winchejier hath a right ample and 
goodly Maner Place motid aboute and a praty Brooke ren- 
ning hard by it. 

This Maner Place hath beene of many Bisfhops Building. 

Moft Part of the 3. Partes of the Bafe Court was buildid 
of Brike and Timbre of late dayes by Bisfliop * Langton. 

The Refidew of the /9 Inner of the Houfe is al of Stone. 

The Hedde of this Brooke for the- moft Parte rifith within 
a Mile of the Town of fundry Springes in the way to Win- 
cheftre. This Brooke goith toward ButSey and Hamebrijt 
Creke. 

From Wahham to Wmchejier a 7. Miles. 3. by enclofid and 
woddy Ground : and 4. by Champain. 

[y ■ In the Church of Farley Com. Somerfet.] Fal. 84. 

Hie jacet Thomas Huftgreforde Cbevaler Dns de Farley, 
Welewe, & Heitesbyri. aui obiit 3. die Decembris an°. 1390I 
cujus aninue propitietur Deus. Amen. 

Hie jacet 2X Joanna, uxor efufdem Thomae Hungerford, 
filia Dm Edmundi Hufee, MWtis, qua obiit primo die MenJU 
Martii a , D. 1411. 



« Sic in Autogr. fed in era Apegraphi Burtoniani, Tbo. Langten 
Bp. of Win. dyed 1 500. fi Adde part cum B. y Vocei % uncis iu- 
ciaf*i dejunt in AuUjgrapbe, Jed exftnnt in Apegrtpbo Burtoniano, 
in cuius itidem marfine babtntur Somerfet SS. qua etiam in AuU- 
graph Itguntur. 

1 in a Chapdl at Farley Caftdl. St. 

Ha Out 



xi6 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Out of a Table in the Chapdle ofYzxlcy Caftel. 

Thomas Hungreford Knight and Dame Johan his Wife. 

Syr Gualter Iiungrefora Lord Hungreford^ Knight of the 
Garter and High Treforer of England, Sun and * Heir to 
Thomas and Johan. 

Catarine Heire to Ptuerel was Wife to Syr Gualter. 

Syr Robert Lord Hungreford Sunne and Heir to Walter. 

Margaret Lady and Heir to Botreaux his Wife. 

Robert Erie Hungreford * fun to Robert. 

Heleanor Lady Moleus 9 Heir to Moiens, Wife to Erie Robert. 

Leyland. 

Erie Robert and Eleanor buried at Saresby in the Cathe- 
drale Chirch. 

ft The Line of Walter late Lord Hungreford. 

Gualter Hungreford Knight. J one his Wife. Edward fun 
to Waher. Jane his Wife. Syr Walter Lord Hungreford. Su- 
Jan. Alice. Elizabeth. Gualter and Edward his * fonnes. 

1 Daves of Daunfey in Wilejhir by Br . .Sufan 

Dover* Alice Sdnes Elizabeth Hufee. 

Tbingges notid apon the Book of Bath. 

alias I. ' about i 

y JEiJlon, now caullid Long Mifton^ by Briftow a 3. Miles 
. from Briftow by 1 

Prifiton a 4. Miles from Bath by South Weft in Cainejbam 
Hundrede. 

Ctfr/W a 3. Miles by Weft South Weft from Bath. 

Mfoeftun, alias Oheftoun y in Gloceflrejbire 16. Miles out of 
2fof£ almoft on Severn. 

Cold JEfcbtun 4. Miles out of Bath playn North. 

Dyddenbam longgith to the Bisfhop. 

Weftun a Mile Weft from Bath. - 

Hamptune a Mile by Eft North Eft owt of Bath. 



* Sonne and Hcirc to Robert Lord Htmgerford B. Dofmntfe- 
fuentin in B. *$/?«* ^ Thingges notid &r. y Sic Amtogr. fed in 
B. £(/?•* by Briftow about a 3. Miles from Briftme. 



^1 Heire. 1 Sunne*. 3 Dims. 



-* 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 117 

Nortbftok North Weft 3, Miles by North on Laurie/duns 
from Bath. 

Soudeftok 2. Miles South from Bathe. 

Stawton Prhrii 

« Santune 4. Miles by South Weft from Bath. 

Count&n a 5. Miles and more Weft South Weft from Bath : 
and it joynith with Cor/Ion. 

Mifcbwik about a 12. Miles from Bath on Mendepe. 

Duruftorre a Celle to Bath whcr Matter Lultrcllt novf 
dwellith. 

CorUcombe a Mile North out of Bath. 

In Tranfepto ft Eccl in Merid. parte* pd. S5. 

Thomas Stawel Mies, tyri. 

HoroUgium. Petrus Lightfbte Monachus fecit hoc opus. 
Geffre y Fromont Abbas Glafton. in 3 . puin 

Hugo Do8or. Tbcolog. fiT. Waited Monington Abb.v* " 
Glafton. 

/» ifcr. ^<?rfr. 

Edvardus ir £7 Zouche Mcnach. Glafton. cog. Edvardi 3. 
Gualterus More Abbas Glafton. 

Epit. Joan J Taunton Abb. Glafton. 

Ut ntuito tandem fumptu muhoqut labor e 

Fit Paftor jamjam commoda muba par at. 
% Rura colit Cbrifti docet IS pracepta Joannes, 

Max animi exuvias cnidit in hoc tumuh. 

Epit. Michaelis Ambresbyre Abbotts. 

§>ui ferpentinas fraudes IS vincla re/ohit 9 
R/Jiituitque ovibus debita rura fuis : 



m Sic Autogr. Staunton Priors +. Miles in B. fi De Glaftanbory 
addst B. y Sic quidim in Autograph: Sed primum fcriptum fuit $ 
Joannes Chinok abbas Glafton -, ju* voces immediate pr*ce£eru*t 
Geffre Fromont &e. Sed eas tandem dekvit ip/e Lclandus. In A* 
pograpbo Bnrtoniano ifta hoc nude concipiuntur : 

Galfridns Fromont Abbas de Glafton. ") . «/.,•»- 

Hugo D. Tbeokgi* /rater Waken V m J' tT~ 

. . . . Monington Abbas Glafton. ) great vowes. 

I de Taunton B. A Comma poft Chrifti peuitur in B. IS Joannis 

legiturpro Joannes. 

H 3 Poflquam 



n* LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Tofauam turbida tranauiBaffet tempera faxo 
Ecce fub hoc Abbas tntegttur Michael. 

Epit. Roberti Pedreton Abbotts Glafton. 

Liierat oppreffos Pedreton ab *r* alten* y 
Demum hoc compeftta pace quiefdt bum$. 
. Oualterus de Tantonia alias Hoc Abbas Glafton ante ima- 
gtnem Cructfixi. 

Hit fecit frontem Chori cum imaginibus * W * lapideijt mUJat 
Cructfixus. • SUjtm. Fine, Upidibut iis. 

$ LeBura antiqui operis ex Gualterus Monington in Cboro Abbas 
dona Richardi Bere Abbott's GIafto «- 

Glafton'. Hie fecit Voltam Chart & Preshyterii & 

ouxit tongit. Presbyterii 2. Arcuhus. 

In Presbyter h. 
Edmundiis Senior in Bor. Parte. 
Edmundus Irenfide in Jtferid. Parte, 
y Araurus in Medio. 

Epit. Arturii. 

♦ Hie jacet Arturus Jhs Regum, gloria Reg*i 9 
%uem mores, probttas emmendant laude pert/ml. 
*VerJus Henrici Swanfey Abbotts Glafton. 

Infer, adpedem eju/dem tumuli. 

Arturi jacet hie conjux tumulata fecundoy 
Que meruit ceehs virtutupi prole ijecund*. 

Infcript. in capfte tumuli, 

Henricus Abbas, 

Cructfixi imago in eapite tumuli, 

Arturii imago ad pedes. 



m Et lapidea, B. proculdubi* pre k lapidibus. fi Defunt heec in 
Apogr, B. y Sic plane in Autogr. Sed in B. Jrthurus rex In 
medio cum hoc Epitaphio, fafto per He*. Swanfey abbatem Glafton. 
Hie jacet Art. bfc. probitas commendat laade pcrennL f feat*- 

(la] Nonnu]li m*liat fecunda. fed non adco rede. 

Crua 



I ELAND'S ITINERARY. }V) 

Crux Juper tumulum. 
2. Leones « ' iu capitt & duo ad pedes tumuli attingentes fiUrres. 

In Meridionali InfuUe aajac. Presbyterio. 

John Breynton Ab. Glafton, 

Sepulcbrum armati in lapide. 

Joannes Selwod Ab. Glafton. ante cap. S. Andrese. 

' In Bor. In/ula. 

Joannes de Cantia Abb. Glafton. [ro d]lto tumuh. 

In Navi Eukf. Fol# w # 

Adam Sodbrri Abbas. 
Mater ejus a lava. 
Pater a dextra. 

Nieolaus y From Abbas Glafton. 
Fuijt Padua? fef in Bafilienfi Genet Ho. 
^ Stafbrd Comes Devon .fub Arcu in parte tMerid. 
Richarde ? Bere Abbas Glafton : inmeridion: InfulaNaVis 
Eukf. 

In Capdla S. Marie a Bor. part. Cbori n in Sacello". 

Joannes Biconel Miles & Elizabeth. 

Gul. liemar Miles in eadem Voha. 

Guaiterus Fromont Abbat began the great Haul. Gucdter 
Monington next Abbate to hym endid it. 

Gualter Monington made to the Midle Parte the Chapitre 
Houfe. 

John Chinok Abbate his fucceflbr performid it, and ther is 
buried in Sepulcbro cum imagine Alabaflru 

This John Chinok buildid the Cloyfter, the Dormitor, 
the Fratery. 

Abbate Adam. gzve a vij. great Belles. 



« L. in capitt. fi For/an terras, ut in B. y Frome Abbas 
Glafton. qui intcrfuit Padua Sc Bafilienfi Confdioi? . i Humfri- 
dos Stafibrd B. % -Qui obiit 1469. addie B. < Dc fiere B. 
« Defunt B. 



I incapite. 

Richard 



wo INLAND'S ITINERARY. 

Richard Bere Abbate buildid the new Lodging by the great 
Chambre caullid the Kinges Lodging [in J the Gakry. 

Bere buildid the New Lodggmgcs [for] Secular [Preftes, 
and] Clerices of our Lady. 

Abbate Beere buildid Edgares Chapel at the Eft End of die 
Chirch : But Abbate Whiting performid fum part of it. 

Bert Archid on bothe fides the Eft Parte of the Chirch that 
began to caft owt. 

There be vj. goodly Windowes in the Top of eche fide of 
the Eft Part of the Chirch. There were 4. of old tyme, fins 2. 
addid» and the Presbyterie enlonggid by Gualter Monington 
Abbate. 

Bere made the Voke o the Steple in the Tranfet>to y and 
under 2. Arches like S. Andres Crofle, els it had fallen. 

Ben made a rich Altareof Sylverand gilt : and fet ic afore 
the High Altare. 

Bere cumming from his Embafladrie out of Italie made a 
Chapelle of our Lady de Leretta y joining to the North fide 
of the Body of the Chirch. 

He made the Chapelle of the Sepulcher in the Southe End 
Navis EccL wherby he is buried "Tub piano marmore yn the 
South Ifle of the * Bodies of the Chirch. 

He made an Almofe Houfe in the North Part of «* rise 
Abbay for vij. or x. poore Wymen with a Chapel. 

He made alfo the Maner Place at Sharfham in the Parke a 
2. Miles by Weft from GUJlon: it was afore a poore Lodge. 

#5>r*/. Park lyith hard to Glafton by Weft. 

Mr^WParkaMilebyEftfromG/3/fc*. John 3 Setoood 
Abbat buildid a Place there. 

Pilton Park about a vj. Miles from Glafton by Eft. 

John Chinok Abbate buildid a Maner Place ther. 

Wefton a litle Maner Place Mile Weft by Glq/lon. 

Mere a fair old 4 Manor Place 2. Miles from Glq/lon by 
North. 

Dameron a mene Maner Place a vij. Miles Weft South 
Weft from Saresbyri in Wileflnr. 

Eftbrent a 1 o. Miles by North North Weft from Glafton 
a faire Maner Place. 



• L. of the Abbay. 



t Bodie. x the. 3 Sehrod. 4 Mucr. 

Sturmeftre 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. »i 

Stwmujbre Newton Caftelle in Dorfetftrir, * a 2. Miles from 
Shaft esbyri. Edmund Irenfide gave it to Glqfton. 



« Stafford folowid Nicolaus Bubwitb. This Ste^irrf was Fol. 87. 
tranflatid to Cantwarbyri. 

Then was Thomas Beiington, borne be likelihod atifc* 
kington in Sthvod, fuintyme a Scholar and Felaw of the 
New College in Oxford. 

Robert Stslington folowid, Fdow of Al SouUen College yn 
Oxford. 

Richard Fox folowid afore Bisfhop of Exceftre. 

Oliver King Secretarius Hew. vij. folowid, 

fi Adrianus Carol: folowid. 

Thomas Wolfee Card : folowid. 

John Clerk. j 

GuBam Knighte makith a Crofle * cumpaffid with 7. then 6. I 

and one J Piller in the Midle. I 



S. Andres Water. 

Doultingcote and a Bridge. Cofcumhe is about a 3. Mile 

e 

above that, and Sbipton a Mile above that. 

Everchrlcbe and the Bisfhops Houfe. 

Golafre Bridge one Arche. ther is a Broke. Milton a litle 
above en the Hale. This is Aft/ton y Water, it rennith into 
Briwe 2. Miles beneth Briweton Bridge at a Place caullid 

Both fides of Briweton in Sehuood onto the Market Crofle. 
Briwe rifith at Briwecumb I [about] • . • [Miles by] [Eft] <?«&■ <?«& 
NorthEft [above] *»*** • 



« Deftderantur fequentia ufqne ad S. Andrei Water in B. 
fi AdrUnus Carol : folowid.'] So 'til written in the Orig. It 
(hould be Adrianus Card: folowid. y Water that runneth B. 
I aboute a 3. snyle by Eft Nortbe Eft above Bruton. 3. Arcbes on 
Broton Bridge. Lidfurd Bridge 5. Arcbes. St. 



1 a 4 miles. % auopafid. 3 Pihr. 

Clauftrum 



12* LELAND'6 ITINERARY. 

Clayfltvm juxta Ju/lralem partem Navis Ecd. WcUenfis* 

Fol. 3S. Thomas Bekington made the Weft Ende of the Cloyfter 

Logging and an Efcbeker over it having 25. Wyndowes 
toward the ift» fide. • 

Bekington began alfo the South fide of the Cloyfter. But 
one Thomas Henry, Treaforer of Welles and Archidtacon of 
Cornewautty made an ende of it in hominum memori a • 

This fide hath no Houfing over it. 

Thomas Bekington obiit 14. dk Januar. a* D. * 1464* 

Thomas Buhwitb inade the Eft Part of the Cloyfter with 
the litle Chapel beneth and the great Librarie over it having 
25. Windowes on eche fide of it. 

There is no Part of the Clovftre on the North fide of the 
Area to walk yn, for it is onlv hemmid with the South Ifle 
of the? Body of the Chirch. Tncr is only a Chapelle yn that 

fide of the Area made by one Coktham. 

There is fet to the Eft Ende of the Cloyftre an execding 
goodly Chapel in Tranfepto of Bisfliop Stiiling[ton and] King. 

Decern Arcus in utroque la- Sefulchra in Navi EccL Wellenfis. 
tere navis EccL prater cam- Robcrtus Burnc u Rpifcopus fi Wellen- 

pantli in utraque parte tranf- fo Hc , M '%» fms m ,„ 

opts yextn utroque latere ort- w . Tn J^ with J j of Braffe# 

enu partes eulofi*. Deem „<fw undie a plain Marble. 

Jicctefi* Weilen. Nicolaus Bubbewith » (in bar. parte 

fub arcu) Obiit 27. OGt. 0°. D. % 1424, fecit Capeil. in qua hu- 
matus eft. & ibidem 4. Capetlanos inftituit. 

Hie iedit EccL Welfcnli tf Bathon. duos caTtces aureos. 

Fecit quadratam turrim 6f campanas ad boreale latus Occi- 
dent, partis EccleJUy fcf panellam Clau/iri cum capeUa inferius 9 
& libraria fuperius y faf Ubris pretiojis aitavit. 



« 4. S. 4. adiit B. £ Pojf Wellenfis addit B. obiit 2$. OS. 
1292. 20. E. 1. v Sic in Artogr. Jed vel ex vol in detend. ef 9 
& reliqua for/an mutanda. Nam aliterbzc omnia Jcripta habentur 
in Apograpbo Burtoniano, 'viz. Decern arcus ex utraque parte na- 
vis ecclefiac Wellenfis, prater campanile in utraque parte tranfepti 
ex utroque latere orient, partit ecclefiaj: i Voces ifia 9 parentbefi 
inclufa, defunt B. • Foft 1424. addit B. 3. H. 6. 

Hofpitak 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 123 

Hofpitale 24. pauperum in urbe Wdlenfi preeter Heffit. 8. 
Joanni*, auod fuit fitum juxta pontem amniculi in MeriOonaU 
parte XJrbts verfus Gleflenbyri. Hoc opus inception a Gul. Bub- 
bith Epifcopo Wdlenfi, if abfolutum ab ejus Executor ibus. 

A dextra CapeiU Bubwit jacet fub piano Murmore Gualt. 
Haftclhaw m Epus Wellen. 

E regione admerid. a dextra alterbts Capethe jacet Ricbardus 
Ep*s~Welics\. fi fub piano Mar more". 

Sepulchra in Tranfepto Eccl. WeUm. 

Hit jacet Joanna, Vicecomitiffa m de Lille, una filiarum &f /£- 
redum Thooue Chedder Armig* put fuit uxor Joannis, Vice- 
comhis de Lifle, filii V Heredif Joannis, Comitis Saiapia, V 
Margaret* a*, ejus, unius filiarum if Heredum Richardi, C#- 
tnitis Warwici, if Elizabeth uxoris ejus, filia if HeredisTho- 
snae de Berkeley, Militis> D*. de Berkley, qua obiit 15. die 
Mtnhs Julii An*. D. 1 464. 4* E. 4. 

Hugo Sugar Canon. Wellen. Executor Thomas Bekington 
if Roberti Stilingtoni Vicarius gener. multa bona fecit EccL 
Wellen. jacet in Now EccL reparavit domos Vicariorum > opus 
ante inceptum a Bekingtono. 

Joannes StorthwaitJi CancoMar. Wcllenfia, y Executor Bubbe- 
with Epifcopi Bathon. fecit Capcllam if Cantariam in Boreal* 
forte frimi Tranfepti. 

Infuperiori Tranfepto verfus Boreamfunt tres celebns tumuli | 

du* tumba funt i marmerefinc utia rn/cripttone 

Thorn* Epifcopi [Wdlcnfi*] . . 

In fuperiori Tranfepto verfus meridiem jacent in elegantibus FoL \$. 
tumults 2. Epifcopi, if quidam Bikenelk Canonicus Wellenfis, 
Bikenelli cujufdam nobiSs Confanguineus y in aba tumba. hie 
Ganonicus dedit terras EccL S. Andre*, 

In Presbyterio verfu$ Auftrum fub Arcu, 1 Jocelinus fepultus in me* 
JBekington in tumba ukberr. Eful diiCbori EccL Wellen. tumba 
Wellen, a ** a cum tma g* ***** 

m Epifcepus featru if WeUenfis B. fi Defunt B. y Sic in A*- 
togr* fed in fi. executor teftamenti epifcopi Bekington. fecit &e. 
* Aliter fi. viz. Tbo. d$ Bekington cpifcopus Wellenfis in tumba 
cekberrima. Obiit 14. Jan. 1464. 4. E. 4. t Jefcelitms 
epifcopus Wellen. obiit 19. A r *. 1242, 27. H. 3. fep. X. m. chori 
fmnbt a. c. i. ar« B* 

Ad 



1*4 LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

About Pefyderus Ames Ad Boream. 

Si! l t? iu* b !? ii ?? ?VCr R^ulphus de Salapia ^T« Wcllen. 
the Stauiles in the Quier : ^ £„ tumulai J fuit F ente fuprimum 

ZjJfKZ {Z\ mWUr . a ***"* fid tumulus' obfutt JuZanUbus 
Vergilii. About his Armes in TbR m ;aJ. J 

the fame Clothes :Sumlaurus Mim J fru ' 

virtutis bones pergrata tri- In Boreali Infula juxta Chorum. 

™ * Quatuer tumuli et Imagines Epifcope- 

rum Wellen. qua? referunt magnam vetuftatem. 

In Meridionali Infula juxta Chorum. 

Quatwr tumuli Epifcop&um Welkn- 

Primus tumulus JU inferiptus fium, quorum trts imagines babent anti- 

eft, Bvrwoldus [ t fuper- quitatem referentes. ^tortus eft Guliclmi 

ftes area an* Do. iooo.J % Bjrtton, quern vulgus nuper pre. Sonde 

cohut. 
<J <%uidam" Epifcopus Wellen. jacet in Sacetto ejufdem he- 
fuU : & Gunthorp Decanus Wellen. & D % . pr'evati ftgilh 
jacet ibidem* 

« In Capella D. Atari* ad OrientaliiT. partem Eccles. 
Guil. Bytton primus Epifcopus Wellenfis cum e . . . 



Joannes Drokisford fepuhus in Capella S. Joannis at the 
South Weft End. 

Ask for RadccUf Maner longging to Welles. 

Ask wber Lidyard Epijc. is a 3. or 4. Miles from Taunton. 

m Wellen. obiit 14. Jug. 1363. 37. E. 3. Hie traniUrus fuit 
ad borealem partem prcsbyterii, cam ante* tumulatui fair &c. 
B. /ecus at que in Antegr. fi Poly dor e VirgiU % borne at £/r- 
bino in Itoly 9 was Gatherer of the Peter-Pence in England for 
the Pope ; which Office he refigned, and was made Archdeacon 
of Welles. He dyed 1555. in era Afegropbi Bartoniani, en<e 
defunt in Antogr. y clothe] Leg. clothes, at in Autogr. t Feces 
rncluf* Burtono debentnr. % Bytton epifcopi Wellen. qui o» 
biit • . . Nevern. 1274. 2. E. 1. qnem &t.B. £ Dec ft B. 
« lnfeqnentium loco n/qne *d 9 Ask for Radeclif He. legnntnr 
in B. Jo. de Drokensford epifcopus Wellen. circa an. dom. 1 309. 
3. £. 2. in capella Sri. jebonnis at the South Weft end W. . 

• • • . Chyrch. Guil Bitten primus epifcopus Wellen. 

s thedothet. 

circa 



125 



LELAND'S ITINERAR Y. 

Ask wber Knap is. 

Ask wher Berlinch Priory is. It is in the utter Part of 
Smmirfitjbir toward Deve^/bir. 

Ask for « Stckfury Priory in Somerjet/bin 

ft Aske where is the Maner of Lille/don". 

Iren Owr found a late in Afendipe 9 and yren made ther. 

Mr. Guije hath at his Maner of Elmore in Gkceftrejhir * 
y Okes the Rootes with yn the Ground whom be converted 
into very hard Stone. And ther Aim fay that ther is Ground 
that if a Man cut a pece of * Wood ther and ftike it in it 
* will grow. 

Palatia Epifcopi. 

BamveUe 12. Myles by Weft from WetUs y in radicibus 
Mendepe. 

Chew x. Miles by North Weft from Welles, and v. Miles 
from Brijlow. 

Everkricbe, now yn Ruine, a 7. Miles from Welles by 
South Efte. 

3 Wivelfcumbe* 

Welles Palace. 

Twiverten, alias Twirten* 

Clavertun, Manerium Epifcopi, cujus Curiam conflruxit Ra- 
dulphus de Salapia. 

The Toune of Sbirburne is in Cumpace a 2. Miles. F©l. s ©. 

S. Mary the Abbav Chirch, fumtime a Parochc Church, 
burnid a hunderith Veres or more fins by a Sedition in the 
Toune for a Font broken doun by a Boucher caullid 
Water Gallor. 

Sum fay that a Preft fhot an Arow with fier to a Pece 
in the Partition of the Abbay Chirch and Paroch Chirch then 
be chaunce I readid or thatchid. 

The Toun was compcllid to help to the Recodification 
of it. 



circa an. do. 124.7. 32* H. 3. jacet cum imagine serea in ca- 
pella D. Af*r*> ad oricntalem partem ecclefias de Welles, m Stoke 
Courcy B. /B Defunt B, y Okcs, the rooces whereof be 'con- 
verted into hard ftopei within the Ground ; and fome lay that there 
is Ground that if one cutt J?. } 1. /. reeded. 



t Woi. a wyH 3 WMcfcmnbt. 

Abbatc 



*2* LELANiyS ITINERARY. 

Abbate Bradford^ in wbos tymc it wa» bran, build agayn 
theEftPart 

Prfrr Ramfunnty next Abbatc five one to Bradtfora\ btiildid 
al the Weft Part of the Chirch, and the Chapeile of our La- 
dy of Bow on the South fide of the old Lady Chapel. 

Ramfun made the new Yn and dyrers Houfes in the North 
Part of the Toun. 

One of the Saincl Joins * lyith buried in die South fide of 
the Chapitre Houfe. 

Abbatt Frith* not long afore Bradford made the Cloyfter. 

Ther be paintid vn die Volt of the Chapiter Houfe the 
Bisfhops that fet at Sbirburn. 

Abbate Myer the laft Abbate fave on made the Tower 
over the Condud. 

Philip Fizpaine and his Wife lay buried . ... on 
the South fide of the Presbyterie. 

Ther was a Paroche Chirch of S. Etmrentiana in the North 
Part of the Toune, wher now is a playn Cloft. 

Alhalowes Paroche Chirch pullid doun alate, and die P«- 
roch Chirch made in our Lady Chirch at the Abbay. 

S. Michel Chapeile now doune. 

S. John Heremitage by the MvWe now down. 

A new Chapeile m S. Maryt Chirch Yani on the South fide 
made by one Uogget a Chanon of Saresbjri^ 

Thomas BekkeHes Chapeile by the New Yn. 

An Hofpttale begon to be- indowed 4. anno Henriei v]. 
The King is taken for principal Founder. « But me of the 
Landes by Ptece Meales". 

The Cartel is yn the Eft Ende of the Toun. and ther is a 
ChapeMe wkhowt the CafteHe* y n a CJofe by Eft. 

The Toun is of the Hold and Lerdfbip of the Biafhop of 
Sarum. , 

The Mere lyith by Eft the Caftel. k was very far brgger. 
fi Ther be vij. spring, alias vij. Sifters, in an Hylle fyde North 
Eft from Shir burnt. They gether ftrait to one Botom and 
cum to the Mere, and wens the Broke cummith from the 



« Forfan % But Men got ropft rf thd He. Dtfttnt b*c in B. 
fi There be 7. Sifter- Springes in an Hill B. 



Iyth. a in, 

Merc 



LELAND'S ITINERARY! 127 

Mere in one Botom, and rennith on the South fide of the 
Toune. \ 

Ther cummith as bigge a Brooke * for Pafcandel a 3. Miles 
by flat Eft betwixt the Park and the Mere, as the ftreame [of 
the Meere, and * joyneth a litle lower to the Water of Sher- 
bourn$J\ 

Nrwelle a litle Burne rifing int&e Weft Part cummith by 
the Weft Part of the Abbay, * [and feom thence gocth to the 
River of Schir bourne.] 

John Myer Abbate of Shirburne laid that he had redde in La- Fot. 91* 

tine Bookes of his Houfe that Shirburne was czuMA Ckrefons, 

Sbirburn Water goith a 3. Miles benethe Shir burn to GhfUn % 
wher Mr. Hor/eys Houfe is. and a title beneth that is the 
Confluence of Shirburne Water and Ivel Ryver. 

Above this Confluence cummith yn on the fame fide Coker 
Water, a praty ftreame, ryfing by Weft at Weficoker^ and then 
renning a 3. Miks, and fo into Iveh 

Sum think that one of the fartheft Heddes of htel fhould 
be about Cofcumb a 2. Mylys by ... . from IveL 

Ivelle Village ftandith on the fame fide of the Ryver that 
lvelceftre doth, and 3. Miles lower the Ryver cummith by 
Ivel Village that ftandith on the other Ripe contrary to Ivel 
and Ivelceftre* 

This lvelUn is fcant a Mile above IvekeJIre. 

Limington fumtyiue longid to one f& juvenef a femofe 
Knight, richely buried in a Chanel on the North fide of 
Limtngton Chireh. Limtngton cam to 3 th[e IA Bonvile] by 
Heir General. 

St. Ben-be dwellith at a Mile from Limington* S. 

Barbe hath but a Mark Land. His Grantfather was nepos 9 
and fold moft of the Lande. 

Benvilie Lord Benvile had many Baftardes, emong whom 
be left fum Land to one whos Iffue Male yet remainith. 

Ther was but on of the Bonvilles Lord, and that was Syr 
fPi&am, whoa Landes by Heir General cam to Haringttn. 



« Lege from aim B. /s Juvernty St. 
St, j th« Bwwills St. 



• In 



|*S LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

m In Stoki under Hamden Chirch in Smer/etjbin". 



Icy vft I* nobli Ut vaiUant CbhaUr Maheu de Gourney 
fi iadys fenefcbal de Landes, & capiteyn du Chattel Daques pre 
no/Ire feigner U rey en la Ducbe de Guyene, que en fa vie fu 



a la Batailde Beuamaryn, & alaya pres a la /lege f Dalgerire 
fur Us Sarazines, & auxi a Us baitaUes de % Le Sclufe, de Crcfl'y, 
de ( DeyngenenefTe, de Peyteres, de Nazara, Dozrey, &T « a phi- 
fours out res bataiUes & affegts en Us quex il gaigna nobleman 

XX 

graunt Us & honour par U Jpace 9- de iiij. & xvi. ans % tf 
moruft U t xxviij. jour de Septembre Ian noftre feigner Jhu 
Chnft Mill. cccc. vj. que de Jaime dieux eit mercy. Amen. 

Rookesbridge next to Bridge-Water the * § lefle .... 

Hiphbridge toward UpbiL 

Uphil ys * the Hed wher al the Water iflTueth to the Severn 
Se. 

Trevetb one of the Heires by Manage to William Bruer. 

Treveth endyd Bridge-Water Bridge. 

Trevetb Armes on the Bridge. * 

GuL Bruer Junior made the Gray Preres. 
♦ Trevetb hymfelf buried yn CemwalU. 

Botreaux nart buryed at the Gray Freres. 

Lady Botreaux ther buryed. 



a A menu Burtoni, in atjus etiam Apograpbo poft Somerfetfliire 
beec adduntur : upon the torn be of Sir Mstb. Gentry Knight. 
Hare Infcriftio bis occurrit. Nam fupra (Vol. IL fol. 54.) edit an 
. babemus. fi Iadys deeft fi. y Sic in Autogr. Apres al feige de 
Algerize B. } Dalgezire fdummodo in Vol. II. • Sic turn B. 
diftinxi 1 fed in Autogr* nulla babetnr interpunelio poft Le Scfafe, 
uti nee fupra in Vol. II. £ Hanc jyllabam de expungendam effe 
ex Vol. II, eonftat. Nee qnidem occurrit in B. n A deeft in B. 
ubi & air* qu*d. minntiores cernnntur difcrefnnti*. & De 96. 
am B. i xx vj. Vol. II. Poft an. Domini in B. fequitur annus etiam 
regni Hcnrici VII. Sic enim il/ic Ugitur : 28. Sep. 1406. 7. Hen. 
4. que de faalme&r. « tbe UJfer Artne. St. Here Ibawe put 
points ; tbo % in Mr, Button's Copy for tbem tbere is tyme. But in 
tbe Original it feems to be Lyme. Immediately efter Mr. Leland 
bad firft of all written, toward Bridge- Water, vbicb be after- 
wards ftruck out. 

1 the left arine. 

WyUyam 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. 129 

* Wytiyam Poole made the Chapel of S. Saivior. 

Bruer made S. John's and the Caftelle. 

An AJmofe Houfe made by the Toun. It hath litle or no 
Landes. 

A frefch Bek rifing a 4. Miles [of by Weft at BromfeHd.] 

m Simon's Both, this Water refortith toward Tivertun into Fo1 - 9* # 
Ex. 

The Partition of the Shire a Mile and more by Northe 
Weft from Simon's Bath at the Towres. fi The Toures be 
xound Hillokkes of Yerth fette for Limites. 

Taw rifith in Exmore South Eft from BerftapU. 

y Tautun Lordfhip and the Priorie Lordfliip on BerftapU die. 

Tauftok Lordihip and Fremingtun Lordihip on the farther 
Ripe longging a late to the Dukedom of £xceftre 9 now to 
the Lord RuJJelU. 

The Cumpace of BerftapU by the old Walle more then 
half a Mile. 

Foure Gates Eft, Weft, North and Soufch. 

One Paroche Chirch, 4. Chapelles, one Chapel doune, a 
Chapel of Al-Halow at the North Gate felf, a Chapel of S. 
Nicolas at the Weft Gate felf. 

The Caftelle. 

The Bridge of xvj. Arches laft made, as fum fay, by Thracy. 

The Priory made by Johel of Totenes Sunne to Alurede. 

Tracy Lord of the Caftelle, Toun, and Priory. Pbiliptus 
do Columbariis Lord of the fame, he and His Wife buried at 
the Priorie of BerftapU) and fo was J obelus, 

Philippus obiit circa annum D. 1344. 

Diverfe of the Lordes of Slam buried in * BerieftapU. 



m Mr. Burton bath put a mark in tbe Margin of tbt Original, 
fignifying tbat all tbat is included between tbe two |^» at fol. 94. 
Jbould be inferted bere t tbo' in tbe Tranfcript be gave to tbe Bodle- 
jan Library 'tis * added at tbe end of foL zx.of tbis Volume, and 
jome otber Things are there al/o 9 and in G. transpofed. fs Tbefe Toures 
G. y Tunton G. I defunt G. 



t WyUiam. ft Berdeftaple Priory. 

• m alfo in G. whence it appears that Gale's Tranfcript was taken in food Mea- 
sure from Burton. Vid. Vot I. in Not. ad. Fol. 25. 8c Fol. ai. 

Vol. 3. I GuL 



ijo LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

Gul. de Meretun Lord of the Caftclle, Toun, and Ptiwy 
of BerftapU. 

The Duke of Exceftre Lord of BerftapU. 

Margartte y Henry the v{j. Mother, Lady of BerftapU. 

Henry Duke of Kichmont and Sumerton Lord of BerftapU. 

The Chapelle in the Parochc Chiich Yard fundatere Hol- 
mznno ffcano parotb. Ecci 

From BerftapU to the Haven Mouth 5. Miles. 

Budefird * Bridge firft begon by Revelation of a poore 
Preft. 

The Bridge hath xxiiij. Arches and a Chapelle of our Lady 
at the farther Ende. 

Landes gyven for Maintenaunce of Budeferde Bridge. 

The fair Paroch Chirch of Budefird on the farther Ripe 
and the better Part of the Toun. 

AppUdre Village on the farther Ripe of Budefird Haven 
2. Miles of. then a Mile to the Haven Mouth a (maul Thing 
at Ebbe of Water. 
FoLjij. The Haven Entery is barrid with Sande, and die Enterie 
into it is daungerus. 

From the very Point of the Haven Mouth of Taw to cut 
ftrait over to Hertey Point is a 6. or 7. Miles. And Hert- 
land Priory a 3. Miles above Htrtey Point, and ftandith not 
a Mile from the Se. But bytwix the Mouth of Taw* and 
Hertey Point lyith a very cumpafid Bay, and almoft in the 
midle therof is a Place caullid CkvelU, wherabout Caryl dwel- 
lith : and here is the nereft Yraje&us into Lundey Ifle. 

* Newton 3. Miles. 

€Ofi 

AWon 

Matter Bedhtw. This Man hath recoverid two Lordihippes 
that were the Baron of Slanes. 

One Stawfird a Marchant of London made the Caufey 
and a Bridge at ech End of it betwixt BerftapU Priory and 
Pylton. 

The fide of the lift Hond of Pilton Strete longgid to 
BerftapU Priorie. 



m Newton 3. MiUs. Aicole, where Mr. Bedlowe dwelletb. 
This Man &c. G. As far as Libertes to BerftapU. But the next line, 
(viz. Bedlam dwellith at J/fcote,) is omitted. 

? Bridf. 

The 



LE LAND'S ITINERARY. ijr 

The fide on the right Hortd for the moft Parte to Clif 
Abbay. 

Ethel/Urn gave Pilton Lordfhip to Malmtsbyri. 

The Abbay of Mabmsbyri had the Perfohage of Pilton and 
kept a Ccllc ther. 

Pikm ftondith by making of Cloth. 

This King Etheljlant gave great ' Libcrtes to Berjiaplt. 

« Bedlaw dwcUith at Jifcote." 

Matter Monke dwellith fi about a Mile from Litle Taring- 
tan. 

Mr. Rolfys bath a very fair Brik Houfe at S. Giles half a 
Mile by Eft out of Taringtun. 

Taringtun a bigge Market Toun y and hath a Mair. 

Ther was a great Caftelle Izt Taringtun" on Turege Ripe a 
litle above the South Bridge of 3. Arches of Stone. 

Ther ftandith only a ChapeUe yn the Caftelle Garth. 

I hard that one Syr William of Turington and his Sunne after 
Itym were Lordes of it. 

There is but one Paroche Chirch. Dr. Chaumbrt is Perfun 
there. 

Frijtok * Priorie about a Mile from Taringtun. 

The Water of Turege rifith a 3. Miles 
from Htrtland • by North Wefte in a The firft notable Bridge of 
Moore even hard by the Hedde of Stone on Turtge is Kiffmgton* 
Tamar. Thens aboute half a Mile 

Turtge cummith to Depeforde s Bridge to Pulforde Bridge, 
of j. Arches of Stone. Thens a 2. Miles to Wood- 

Thens to the South Bridge of Taring- forde Bridge. 
ton : and half a Mile lower to the North And aboute a 2. Miles to 
Bridge of Stone bigger then the South. Depeford Bridge and fo 
Thens to Budefbrd Bridge. 

Depeford is a 7. or 8. Miles by Land from Taringtun. 

Bedtford is a 3. or 4. Miles £ 4 by North from Taringtun. 

Depeford is a o. Miles from Hartland. Fol. 94. 

Bedtford x. Miles from Hartland. 



t dejunt G. £ about a tittle Mile G. y and deeft G. I de- 
fine G. t by North Baft in a Moore G. £ by North from 
Taringtun.] So slfo in St. but it fhould be, by neth Ta- 
ringtun, as it it in the Orig. beneath Taringtun G. 



t liberties 3 Priori. 3 Bridg. 4 by neth Taringtua, 

I % Torington 



tj* LELAND'S ITINERA1Y. 

Tvrirtpon 12. Miles from HartlaneL 
Lidford 18. Miles from Torington. 

9 
Mmkun a good Market Town a 7. Mfca by Eftfiom 
BerJhpU. 

The Erie of Bath hath a goodly Maner Place toward 37- 
tYrftw caullid Bamfton. 

Bridges on Tamar. 

A Bridg of Stone at Tamcrtun. there is a Village on the 
Eft Rip*. 

Yalme Bridge 2. Miles lower. 

New-Bridge a 2. Miles lower, it hath 3. great High Arches 
and one low. 

«PolJ1un Bridge a 2. Miles lower. TheAbbayof Taveflok 
made this Bridge, and hath fair Landes therabout. 
e 

Graijiun Bridg about a 2. Miles lower. 

* Another Bridg caullid New- Bridge. 

Lidford Bridge. 

Lanjluphandun. 

£0' fi A long Suburbe. 

The Toune Waul about a Mile in Cutnpace on the 
Toppe of a Rokky Hille. 

The Dungeon of the Caftellc hath 3. Wardes. 

One ■ Paroch Chirche. 

A Broket or Pirle of Water rcnning out of an Hille nere 
the Toun and cumming thorough a Peace of the Toun 
withyn the Walle. # 

A Broke renning yn the Botom in the Suburb caullid A- 
terey. it rifith a xfj. Miles of by Weft North Weft toward 
Bodmyn. 

Bodmyn 20. Miles from Launftoun. 

Bodmyn 20. Miles from Tamartun. 

Tdmartun 4. Miles from Laun/lun. 

Tttt Prtorte of Btote Cbanm by Lmmjhtai Sn!rart>e. 



m The Abbay of Taveftok made &c. therabout. Poalflon Bridge 
m twee Miles lower G. See at the end offol. 91. 



I Paroche. 

A Bre- 



LELAND** ITINERARY. 133 

A Broket cummiog jfrom an Hillc therhy and renning 
thorough a praty Wood hard by the Houfe, aod fo thorow 
the Offices of the * Houfe, and then ynto Aterey. 

The oU Houfe of Prebendaries at S. Stephen?* on the 
Hil a Mile out * cf Toun. 

One Afabtiia a Courses was buried in the Chapitre Houfe. 

Prior Horeftun had a fair Tumbe in the South Ifle. 

Prior Stephan richely tumbed. 

Gawen Carow hath the Priory in Ferme. 

S. Catarines Chapel on an Hille withoute the Toun now 

defacid.'d 

From Launftun toward Botr/eaux a ij. Miles metety good frl. 95. 
Ground, and enclofid and fum Wood. 

Then a viij. Miles by Mory, Wild Ground, baren of Corne 
and Wood round aboute in fight, and then about a 2. Miles 
toward Botreaux by Ground bering fum Corne but dene 
baren of Wod. The people ther brenne for the moft part 
Firres and Ling. 

My Lord of Huntendune hath a place caulKd the Parke, 
wher Botreaux had a fair 3 Maner Caftelle a vj. Miles by South 
from Botreaux. The late Lord Hungrefori had half this 
Lordefhip. 

Botreaux a xviij. Miles from Harteland. 

prety Toun and Market 

m Ther js a Village a Myle from withevn the Land caullid 
Strettun a xij. Miles upper on Severn more from Botreaux^ 
and then a 6. or 8. Miles upper to Hertland Point. 

Tredewi and a Broke and 2. Rokkes as 4 Iflelettes. 

Bofuenny a privilegid Toun and Broke of Tredewi Water. 
and this goith out at Bofuenny. 

A Point of a litle Land at Bofuenny* and a Havenet if the 
Pere were made. 

Treuenny. 

S. Simpborian Chirch. 

S. Juuanes Chapel in Tintagtl Caftel. 

A Broke into the Se a Mile of I rode, and a Se Rok as 
an Ifle a litle by Wefte of the Mouth. 



* Tier is a pretty Towne and Market within G. 
1 Howie, a of the toon. 3 Manor or Caftelle. 4 Iflettet. 

1 3 Then 



134 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

, Then about a 3. Miles to Pertijet, a praty Fifchar Village, 
wither refortith a litle Broke and makith a ImaulleCrcke. 

And then a 2. Miles farther to « Pertgenin a Fifchar Village; 
wher is a Fifchar Village with a Broke reforttng to a finable 
Creeke. and fo to Pad/low Haven Mouth aboute a 3. Miles. 

To S. Effe about a 4. Miles hom'Ttndagel 

About S, Effe the Soile wexith • beter for al thinges. 

To TreliUi a 2. Miles. 

M. Carnfey hath a place about a Mile beyond Trelille 9 and 
ther is Aim fmaul Wood. 

From TrelilU to Wade-Bridge about a 4. Miles. 

From S, Effe to Wade-Bridge good Corn Ground, but very 
litle or no Wood. 

One Lovebonty Vicar of Wa4*'Bridgt, beg^n 80. Yere ago 
or more the goodly Bridge of Wade-Bridge .of xvij. Arches, 
and with Help of the Countery finifhid it. 

No Bridges to be fpojceri of from Camitfordj nor at Camil- 
ford on thys Water to Wade-Bridge except * Helbam Bridge 
and Dunmere Bridge a 2. Miles lower, 

Helbam Bridge. 

Dunmere Bridge of 3. Arches, it is a 3, Miles be land 
higher then Wad-Bridge and 4. by Water. 

Pad/low s 4. Miles lower, no Bridge thither nor thens on 
it to the Sc 

F«l.ft' fridges en Stojir abeve Blanford, 



Bridges en Stour beneih Blanford Bridg. 

Stormefter 2. Miles lower of Stone. 
Juliane Bridg of Stone fcant 3. Miles lower. 
jfleyn Bridg of xij. Archis fcant a Quarter of a Mile lower. 
A litle above this Bridge is the Confluence of Burne and 
Stour by ner a Mille. 

Jver 4 Bridge of Stone a vi. Miles lower* 



Pertgenin] The e is written oyer the g in the Original. 



1 Utter. % Hdkm B. 3 M-mUd. 4 Bridg. 

Cbrt/res* 



LEt,AND'S ITINERARY, 135 

Chriftes-Chircb Twlnbam is but 2. Miles lower. 

Ther is an Hofpitale of S. Giles endowid with Landes at 
Wilton Town Ende. 

In hoc loco quiefcit Corpus S. Etheldredi Regis Weftfaxo- 
num, Martyrisy qui announXii'j. 13. die Aprilis per mania 
Danorum Paganorum occubuit. 

A Tumb of one Barwik or Barok. 

There is a Place in WyUflnr caullid Combe Caftelle, a 4. 
Miles toward Eft from Chippenham : and to this Place longe 
diverfe Knightes Services and Libertees. And this Lordfhip 
now longgith'to one Scrope. 

Syr Richard* . . • berbyri firft made the Caftelle of Dun- 
ingtony the Houfe of Crojid Freres, and the Hofpitale by 
Dunington. 

VI. great Arches in Harnham Bridge on the principale 
Arme (A Avon. iiij. litle Arches in the Bridge at Harnham 
over the leffc Arme. 

A Preft of Saresbyri told me that ther was an Houfe or 
Celle of Bonhomes at Ruthin by Denbigh Land, and that fins 
it was tranflatid into a Paroche Chirch. I toke this Know- 
lege that ther had bene an Houfe of one of the 4. Ordres 
mendicant es. 

Bridges on Avon. 

Fiffcherton Bridge of 6. Archis of Stone. 
Crane Bridge of a 5. Archis. 
Harnham Bridge of vi. and . . . . 4. Archis. 
Duntoun Stone Bridge 4. Miles lower. 
Fording Bridg 4. Miles lower. 

Ringwodde Bridge lower. 

Cbrtfte-Chirch Iwinbam 10. Miles from Saresbjri. 
A Maire in Miltoun. A Chapelle. A Houfe of Freres in Fal.97. 
MUton . The Paroche Chirch of Mlton a Mile or more at 



MiUoun hath beene far bigger then it is now. for it hath 
beene partly rafid by French-men as a Toun without Defence. 
Good Building in Milton. 
9 Weymouth Toun right again Milton on the other fide of 



* De Abcrbury Kt. firft B. 
1 Wayxnoutb* 



136 LELAND'S ITINERARY. 

the Haven, it is bigger then Milton is now. Ther is a Cha- 
pellc by on the Hille. The Paroch Chirch a Mile of. A Kav 
for Shtppis in the Towne. The Haven Mouth altnoft at Hand. 
% Half a Mile and more to the New Cartel. An open Bar* 
bican to the Caftelle. 

A Mile to the TrajecJus. 

By the hither Part of it goith up a great Anne to Abbatef- 
byri 7. Miles of at the Hed of it : ther cummith in a fmaul 
frefch. 

On the farther Point of the Trajeftus is a narow Anne of 
Land like a Caufey gatherid with Sand cad up with the Se, 
and this goith up a Mile to the Rootes of the Main Land of 
Portland. 

Ther is a new Caftelle fet at thys Caufey End. 

From the Fote of this narow Caufey to the Hed of the 

Arme that goith up to Abbotesbyri makith 26 

tatio Gregorii Nazanzeni contra .... mianos 

Latinitatt donata a chorno. 

Bridges on Winburne. 

Ife Broke Bridges 2. in number, one but a litle way from 
the other, having 3. Archis a peace. 

Winburne Streame parti th into 2. Armes a litle above thefc 
2* Bridges, fo that ther is a Bridg over eche of them. 

IVinburne a litle byneth thefe Bridges cummith agayn into 
one Strerne, and fo goith to a Mille at Winburn Town Ende, 
and a litle lower, even a litle above Aleyn Bridge, goith into 
Stowr. 

Wmburn rifith a 2. or 3. Miles above S. Giles Winburn^ 
wher Matter Affcheley dweJkth ; and thens a vj. Miles to 
Walleford Bride of 4. Archis, and thens to Ifebek Bridges 
in Winburn Toun. 

S. Giles Winburn is North from Winburn Minjire. 

Lichet Village and an Arme out of Pole Water beting with 
a litle frefch. 

Lichet 2. Miles by the fery Way from Pole, ds 3. Miles. 

The Caufe of the « great" Defolation oiWaBngford was a 
great Peftilence in Edward the 3. Dayes, wherapon they 
askyd to King Richard and had the Toun re Ferine brought 
from 40. lu to 17. /r. 



Dccft B. 

Mr. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY. ij> 

Mr. Pdlard told me that it apperifh by mater of Record*? 
that there were 12. Paroche Chirchis in Waltngford in- the 
tyme of Richard 2. * 



1 Stow adds after Richard the Second, The great Stone Bridge at Abtniun 
made by John of S. HelUn was a gret decay to Wkfiyntfcrd, for that the G/cfeea- 
fintt Men had ufyd Waljngfird* that flow go by AhfmUnK Entering into Aty*g- 
don I came orar a Stone Bridge on Oufee wafer, a«d ftraytc Wncthe the Bridge it 
oomithe into Ifis hard by the Hofpitall, by Weft Seynt Uelen% Churche. This Wa- 
tar comythe downe from Wtntagt m Btrkibirt* Kytlgcffmyxht 5. it taken that 
for fbundar of thit Hofpiiall. 



The End of the Third Volupie of Mr. 
Leland'i Itinerary. 



,J8 



E. Cod. MS. in BiU. Bodl. NE. C. 1. 6.f. 21. a. 

ETOtJJE quotannis in fcfto afliimptionis beatae Marias 
Virginia a primis vefperis ufque ad fecundas eft plena 
mniffio [m & indulgencia] omniom peccatormn eon- 
cefla omnibus vcrc penitentibus & confeffis qui cedefiam vi- 
fitant, it ad expugnarionem Turoorum & fabricae deoque ibi 
fervicntium fuftentacionem manus porrigunt adjutrices. Da- 
tur autem pnepofito & omnibus (bciis & presbiteris iilius col- 
legii, & aliis a pnepofito licentiatis, plena poteftas audiendi 
fi conceffiones confluentium, & abfolvendi ic difpenfandi fu- 
per omnibus cafibus ApoAolicae [ApoAolici MS. J fedi [fede 
MS. J non refervatis. 



Out of Mr. Dodfworth'x MSS. ColL FoL 142. 
(not 140. as in the fr. Cat.) foL 72* b. 

The Foundation of the Free-Schoole of Scirktw in 
Holdemes within the County of Yorke. 

Marmaduke Longdate (about the 7, or 8. of ¥L. James) 
made his Will, and therby gave to William LangdaU Efq; his 
Lands in Lantborp, Bowtborfc WoodbaUy WitbernwicJk> Sdr- 
lawe 9 ice. in the County of lorke \ and amongft other things 
gave and bequeathed a certayne pention for the Mayntenancc 
of a Schoole-Mafter to teach Schollers att Seutb-Skirlawe. 
Which Schoole-Mafter he requires may be an Univerfity Man, 
able to inftrud Children on the Worke-Dayes, and able to 
preach the Word on the Holy-Daies, to be no Drunkard, 
no Swearer, no Blafphemer, nor Eater of Flefli on forbid- 
den Dayes &c. and to be a fingle Man unmarried. For I (to 
ufe the Words of the Teftator) bold itt wmntffan for a 
Man living in fo barren a Place as Skirlaugh is to boot the 
ufe of a Woman. 



« Voces inclufae ad oram Codicil (cribuntur ab cad* maim. 
fi F. eonfejjitnu. 



Out 



139 



Out of Mr. Dodfworth's MSS. CtBetikns, F$l. 154. 
(not 15a. as in the jr. Cat.)fd. 8. a. 

A Cuftomc of a Manner att Kitmerfdon in Somerfit-Jbire. 

The Wiefe hath Widdow's Eftate, and if (hee marry fhee 
loofcth the Land 5 but if fhee be found incontinent, and 
come into the next Court riding aftride upon a Ram, and in 
open Court do fay unto the Lord, if hee be prefent, or to his 
Steward thes, or Words to this efie&, 

* jfor mpne arte* fault take 31 tj&t* paim, 
4$erfore, mp &oift, lett me gate mp lanfc agaitte: 

fliee is by the Cuftomc to be reftored unto itt, without fur- 
ther Fyne, doing this Pennance. In the Surveyor's Dialogue, 
lib. 3. foL 105, 



m See the like Coftome related in fomewhat modeller Words in 
Ri*M?s Law DM. Verbo, Free-Bench. 



PRiENOBILI VIRO 

D". PHILIPPO SYDENHAM 

* Dc BRIMPTON 

In agro SOMERSETTENSI 

BARONETTO, 

Anton ini Iter Britanniarum, 
/?. TALBOTI Annotationibus illuftratum, 
Grati animi ergd, 
Dicat confecratque 



Tho. Hbarnb. 



ANTONINI 

ITER 

BRITANNIARVM, 

(juxta primam Editionem) cum 
variis Leftionibus. 

Accedunt 

ROBERTI TALBOTI 

ANNOTATIONES 

£ Codice MS. in Bibliotheca 

B D LE I AN A. 



Ex Cbronico pervetu/to mmbrnnto in Bibliotbcea 
Bodlejana (inter Codd. Laudinos G. 85.)/*/. 31. b. 

Anno Domini CXXXVTII . Antoninus Fulvius, qui, 
propter clementiam, poftea cogneminatus eft Pius, reg- 
navit annos XXII. Hie ab Adriano adoptatus eft in filium, 
cujus & gener fuit. vir infignis, & qui merito Nunue Pom- 
pilio conferatur, ficut & Trajanus Romulo aequatur. Vixit 
mgenti honeftate privatus, majori in # inperio, nulli acerbus, 
cundis benignus, in re militari gloria; moderator, defenders 
magis provincias quam ampliare ftudens^ viros jufUffimos ad 
fi amminiftrandam rem publicam quarebat, bonos y honefte 
habens, } inprobos fine acerbitate deteftans. & cum orbem 
terne fine bello per annos XXII. au&oritate fola rexerit, adeo 
tremebant eum & amabant cun£ti reges & nationes ac populi, 
ut parentem five patronum magis quam dominum vd t inpe- 
ratorem eum reputarent, omneibue in morem cceleftium 
propicium optantes, de controveniis fuis inter fe judkem 
pofcercnt. 



m Sic. fi Sic. y Sic legend. Hofttfii MS. I Sic. • Sic. 



LECTORI S. 

EN> Benigne Lector, una cum Lelandi ri- 
Hquiis Antonini per Britamtiam Itinerarium ^ 
Roberti Talboti, Viri cl. &? de Antiquitatum cuU 
toribus praclare meritiy Annotationibus illujtratum. 
Quas quidem in lucem produeere olim conftitueram y 
de Antonino ipfo edendo nihil cogitans. Sed quoniam 
prima ejufdem cditione* in Bibliotbecis, etiam inftru- 
SiffimiSy rariffima, ufum ejfe Talbotum compereram y 
non abs re fore exiftimavi, ut Itinerarium ad editionis 
iftius fidem quanta potui diUgentia exbiberem. Naftus 
igitur exemplar in Bibliotbeca Seldeniana, quacunquc ad 
Britanniam fpeftabant accurate defcripfi y eaque cum