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Full text of "The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543. Edited by Lucy Toulmin Smith"

AND'S 
IRARY IN 



Foolscap 4/0. To be completed in five volumes, sold 

separately. 500 copies only of this 

Large Paper Edition. 



THE ITINERARY OF 
JOHN LELAND 

IN OR ABOUT THE YEARS 1535-1543 

NEWLY EDITED FROM THE MSS. 
BY 

LUCY TOULMIN SMITH 

VOL. I. Containing Parts I-III, with General Introduction, 
Portrait, and 2 Maps. iSs. net. 

VOL. II. Containing Parts IV and V, with an Appendix of 
Extracts from Leland's Collectanea, and a Map. I2s. net. 

VOL. III. Containing Part VI (The Itinerary in Wales), with 
a Map. ictf. 6d. net. 

VOL. IV. Containing Parts VII and VIII, with 3 Maps. 
I2j. net. 

VOL. V. Containing Parts IX-XII. [/ preparation. 

The Volumes are supplied separately. 



LONDON: GEORGE BELL AND SONS. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY IN ENGLAND 
AND WALES 



LONDON: GEORGE BELL AND SONS 
PORTUGAL ST. LINCOLN'S INN, W.C. 
CAMBRIDGE : DEIGHTON, BELL & CO. 
NEW YORK: THE MACMILLAN CO. 

BOMBAY: A. H. WHEELER & co. 




THE ITINERARY 

OF 

JOHN LELAND 

IN OR ABOUT THE YEARS 

15351543 
PARTS VII AND VIII 

WITH 

APPENDICES INCLUDING EXTRACTS FROM 
LELAND'S COLLECTANEA 

EDITED BY 

LUCY TOULMIN SMITH 




LONDON 

GEORGE BELL AND SONS 
1909 




SKN . 

ON 

1988 



IDA 
61 

L4 



v-4- 






CHISWICK PRESS: CHARLES WHITTINGHAM AND CO. 
TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE, LONDON. 



PREFATORY NOTE 

THE present volume, as will be seen from the list 
of "Contents," embraces a variety of matter. 
Part VII is the only portion with any claim to be 
written narrative of the Itinerary, and even some 
pages of this (23-33) show notes on parts of York- 
shire which, though apparently belonging to this 
journey, were not put into narrative shape. Among 
these Yorkshire notes is the famous passage on the 
supposed birthplace of John Wyclif, where unfortu- 
nately the bottom of Leland's page is torn away, and 
we have to depend on Stow's reading, Ipreswel, near 
Richmond, perhaps the present Hipswell. The route 
starts from Alberbury in Shropshire, where Leland 
ends part of his Welsh rambles, which are thus linked 
on to England. It has, therefore, seemed well to add 
in this volume (Appendix II) a few notes from Col- 
lectanea, vol. iii, on Herefordshire and some Welsh 
castles which were omitted in " Leland in Wales," 
and also to transfer from Leland's last volume of so- 
called Itinerary his abstract notes from a Welsh 
Chronicle of the type of the " Brut y Tywysogion " 
(pp. 168-177). As we only know this through Stow's 
copy the original being lost sundry mistakes have 
crept in, most of which are probably due to him; 
some of these, especially in a few proper names, I 
have been able to correct from the " Brut." But as 
there are great variations among these names, which 

v 



vi PREFATORY NOTE 

might lead to more error on the part of an ignorant 
Englishwoman, I have not attempted to index more 
in these Chronicle pages than the bishops of Menevia 
and the names of castles. They do not touch the 
Itinerary, and special students will certainly compare 
these notes with the "Brut y Tywysogion" (Rolls 
Series, No. 17), and perhaps other chronicles. 

In Part VIII the interesting notes on Kent from 
Collectanea (p. 47) are brought together with those from 
the Itinerary, for which a sketch map is attempted. 
The bulk of this Part, however, consists of miscella- 
neous notes of gentry and their possessions in many 
counties, and some of much interest, referring to inci- 
dents and events of recent history such as the battle 
of Trade or Brest, in which men of Sussex suffered. 
The difficulty of identifying many of these detached 
places may have caused a few errors; I have done 
my best to avoid them, but must beg indulgence for 
one (pp. 47 note *, 57), which to those who know their 
Matthew Paris well will seem heinous. Not remember- 
ing Hubert de Burgh's cry when obliged to leave the 
Wardenship of Dover castle in other hands in order 
to engage in naval warfare, " Clavis enim Angliae est 
et repagulum!" which must have become a saying 
of local patriotism I connected the idea of " Kent 
the key of all England " with that of harbours and 
havens, and with the old spelling of quay. 

Appendix III with its accompanying facsimile of 
map and notes of the Channel Islands is taken from 
the third volume of Collectanea, to which we already 
owe other valuable additions. 

Appendix I contains two long extracts removed 
from the text, with which they seemed to interfere. 



CONTENTS 

PAGES 

PART VII (narrative) 1-35 

PART VIII. Notes on Kent .... 37-71 

Miscellaneous . . . . . . 71-143 

APPENDIX I (a). Genealogy of the Earls of Oxford 145-150 
(b). Abstract of a Chronicle of the 
Church of Tewkesbury . . . .150-161 

Notes on the Battles of Barnet and Tewkes- 
bury, 1470 162-163 

APPENDIX II. Notes on Herefordshire . . 164-168 
Extracts from Chronicle of Welsh History . 168-177 
Notes on Carmarthenshire . . . .178-180 
Notes on East Yorkshire and Lincolnshire . 180-182 

(Map thereto see first Facsimile.} 
APPENDIX III. Notes on the Channel Islands, 

with sketch-map 183-188 

(See second Facsimile for original form of 

map and notes.) 

Index of Persons and Landowners . . . 189-199 
Index of Places and Subjects .... 200-216 
MAP III, blue route for Part VII. 
MAP IV, to illustrate notes on Kent, Part VIII. 



Vll 



ERRATA 

Page 28, note f, read "Perhaps Hipswell." 
33, line io,for " Pereis " read " Percys." 
47, note *, line 6, dele " [i.e. quay]." 
57, line 9, for note in margin^ "Key, i.e. quay" read 
"See Matt. Paris, Rolls Ser., II, p. 218." 

Page 56, note b,for " Hadlow " read " Hadleigh, near Ben- 
fleet, Essex." 

Page 71, line 1,for "dulces" read "dulcis." 

line 8 from bottom, for " aqua dulcis " read " aquae 
dulces." 

Page 72, line 13, " [Sheljford " is Stow's error for " [Sand]- 
ford." 

Page 92, line 3 from bottom, dele the \. 

Pages 94, 95, margin, for " Northumberland " read " North- 
umbria." 

Page 98, note *, dele " L. T. S." 
131, line 15, for "Hertford" read "Hereford." 
154, lines 7 and 2 from bottom, with side-notes, for 
" Hertford " read " Hereford," and the same on page 155, 
line 14 (Leland's error in all cases, unperceived). 

Page 169, line i, dele "sic" [the word "Beli" is a proper 
name.] 

Page 170, line 12, for "Rodricia" read " Rodrici a"; dele 
" sic " in margin. 

Page 178, line 12 from bottom,/^ "rise" read "Rise" 
ORhys]. 



Vlll 



COUNTIES IN THIS VOLUME 

*Bedfordshire, pp. 22, 23, 33, 34. 

Berkshire, p. 99. 

*Cheshire, pp. 2-5. 

Cornwall, p. 119. 

Devonshire, p. 74. 

Dorset, pp. 81, 106-110, 143. 

Durham, p. 84. 

Essex, pp. 87, 113. 

Gloucestershire, pp. 78, 79, 81, 101-105, IIO > IJI > II2 > 

130, 131, 132-141. 
Hampshire, pp. 100, no, 141, 142. 
Herefordshire, pp. 164-167. 
Hertfordshire, pp. 34, 112. 
Kent, pp. 37-71, 87, 88. 
*Lancashire, pp. 5-11, 122. 
* Leicestershire, pp. 19-21. 

Lincolnshire, pp. 88, 89, 90, 114, 115, 181, 182. 
Norfolk, pp. 95, 96, 116, 122. 
*Northamptonshire, pp. 21, 22, 79, 91, 97. 
Northumberland, pp. 94, 95, 117, 118, 123. 
*Nottinghamshire, pp. 15-19. 
Oxfordshire, pp. 34, 35, 76, 79, 81, 101. 
Rutlandshire, pp. 89, 90, 124. 
*Shropshire, pp. i, 2, 130. 
Somersetshire, pp. 71-74, 131. 
Staffordshire, p. 129. 
Surrey, pp. 85, 86, 118, 121, 

Sussex, pp. 62, 63, 77, 78, 82, 92, 93, in, 113, 114. 
Warwickshire, p. 79. 
Westmoreland, p. 12. 
Wiltshire, pp. 106, 130. 

ix 



x COUNTIES IN THIS VOLUME 

Worcestershire, pp. 135, 136. 

^Yorkshire, pp. 12-15, 2 3-33> 7 6 > 77> 86 > 8 7> 9^ l8 - 

Wales, pp. 84, 85, 124. 

Carmarthenshire, pp. 178-180. 
Glamorganshire, p. 179. 
Monmouthshire, p. 83. 
Montgomeryshire, p. 167. 

Channel Islands, pp. 183-188. 

Note. The asterisks denote the counties included in Part VII, the 
only portion of the Itinerary proper contained in this volume. See 
Prefatory Note. 



THE ITINERARY OF JOHN LELAND. 
PART VII.* 

BY Alberbyri Chirch in Shropshir appere the ruines of Shropshire. 
Fulke Guarine, the noble warriars castel, and lesse then 
a mile of was Album Monasterium, where [he\ is buried, sup- 
pressid for Chicheles College in Oxforde. 

Bytuixt Albertbiri and Shreusbiri a vi. miles of ground 
plentiful of corne, wood and pasture. 

From Shreusbiri to Haghmon a Abbay of Blak Chanons ii. 
miles. Within iii. quarters of a mile leving Severn on the 
right hond I enterid into a woodde, and sone after over a 
broke that issueth thoroug Penlesmere, and sone after [goith 
into Severn.] 

Thens ridyng partely thorough morisch grounde and fo. 81. 
pasture I cam to Morton Corbet village, wher I saw a fair 
castel of Mr. Corbettes, and a ii. miles beyond that I passid 
over Roden riveret, rising not far above Went village, a mile 
from that place. 

And so a v. miles to Price b a litle thoroug-fare a vii. miles 
of, the way being sumwhat plaine, hethy, and partely fruteful 
of corne. Mr. Sanford hath a place and a fair poole by yt 
in a wood side, a mile and a half from Pryce. So to Whit- 
chirch by meately fruteful, sandy ground a iii. mylis. At the 
hither ende of Whitchirch is a veri faire poole, having bremes, 
pikes, tenches, perches and daces, the wich except bremes 
be the commune fisches of al the pooles of Shropshire, 
Ches[ter] and Lancastre shire; in sum be also trouttes. 

[* Leland's MS. vol. v, fos. 80-116; Stow's copy, vol. ii, fos. 33-47; 
the last part of Hearne's vol. v.] 



a Haughmond. b Frees. 

IV. B 



2 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire. The tounne of Whitchirch in Shropshire hath a veri good 
market. And there in the paroche chirch is buried Syr 
Gilbert Talbot. 

From Whitchirch a mile and a half of I c[am] by the pale 
of the large parke of Blakmer longging to the Erie of Shreus- 
biri, wherin is a very fair place or loge. The park a hath both 
redde dere and falow. In the park (as I hard say) be iii. 
faire poles, of the wich I saw by the pale the largest caullid 
Blakein, wherof the parke is namid. 

It is to be supposid that thes pooles, for the most part in 
moresch groundes and lying sumwhat in low groundes, 
dreane the moist places about them, and so having no place 
to issue owt stagne there. 

Sum be likelyhod have begon of [marie] pittes. For the 
sandy grounde of [sum partes] of Shropshire, and especially 
of [Chestrejshire and Lancastreshire, wille [not bere] corne 
plentifully but it be [merlyd.] 

Sum pooles peraventure hath g[atheryd] . . . and water, 
wher greate plen [ty of turves] and petes hath bene diggid. 
Cheshire. Within half a mile of Blakmere Parke I cam by Merby 
paroche, wher the chirch is set in a botom betwixt too 
goodly meres or pooles. 

From Blakemere to By[klem b in a fosse]* iii. miles of sand, 
hard by Cholmeley [moss. Here] first I saw the great numbre 
[of firre rottes,] the wiche the inhabitantes therby communely 
digge up for fier wood, but ther did I se no fyrre trees grouing. 
Oftentimes in diggin in this mosse or more for petes or turves 
they finde the hole trees of the first, sum short and sum veri 
long, without twiste or bow, lying sumtime not a foote, sum- 
time iii. or iiii. foote depe in the ground, but how or when 
thes trees cam doune other be cutting or wind faulle no 
manne there can telle. The wood of them in burning savorith 
of resine. 

Hard on the right hond passing by this mosse almost to 
miles in lenght I saw a greate wood of Mr. Cholmeleys, and 
at the farther ende of this mosse was a chapel of woode, 
and in the botom hard by was Mr. Cholmeleis place, a fair 

[* Sic, Stow's copy. Original MS. torn.] 



Black Park. 



b Bickley. 



PART VII 3 

building of tymbre, and motid about with the water of a Cheshire, 
poole. 

From thens to Ridle a Parke about half a mile, wher hard 
by the parke is a right goodly house of stone and tymbre 
buildid by Sir William of Standeley, that much favorid King 
Henri the vii. parte at Bosworth Feeld. King Henri the vii. 
gave this place after to one of the Egertons. At Ridle Place 
is a mere of pikes, bremes, tenches and perches, half a mile 
in bredth, and a mile and a half in lenght, countid for the 
fairest mere of Chestreshire. From thens to a place of Mr. 
Spurstow caullid Spurstow, made of stone and tymbre, and 
therby is a large poole, cumpasing the howse on the one 
side. About that howse I saw in the feldes mervelus good 
come and pastures. 

And lesse then a quarter of a mile from that place is a 
greate redy poole, whither an innumerable sight of stares 
resort at night. 

From thens to Bunberi half a mile. At Bunbiri is a very 
faire collegiate chirch, endowid by old tyme by Syr Hughe 
Calveley knight. 

[ Within a mile] and an half of [Bunberi is\ Pecfordton b 
[& goodly /<?r]dship [having a] great [house of stone now . . .]* 

Thens I ridde to Northwich, x. miles of, alwayes by sandy 
grounde, leving iii. miles from Bunbyri Syr John Downe 
knightes house, half a mile on the lift honde in the enter- 
ing of the forest of Delamere, the wich sum way [is xii. 
myles in lenght, or more; but I rydde by it] not past the fo. 82. 
lenght of vi. or vii. miles, and entering a ii. miles within the 
forest having redde deere and falow I passid over a litle 
brooke caullid Sanddiford. 

Betwixt Sanddyford and Northwiche I saw divers pooles 
in the forest, and toward the ende of the forest I lookid 
toward Valle Royal on the right hond, about the wich 
place be divers fair and large pooles, wherof one is neere 
Vale Roial, as within a mile, cawllid Pety Pole c though it 
be greate. 

[* Corner of leaf torn : the words in [ ] supplied from Burton (a), 
Stow not having copied this bit.] 



Ridley. *> Pecforton. c Petty pool. 



4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cheshire. There is a place in the forest of Delamer cawllid the vii. 
Loos, wher be scene vii. caste dikes. The people there 
speke much of them. I think that they were made by men 
of warre. 

In the forest I saw but litle corne, bicause of the deere. 

And as I roode I marked the forest ground on the right 
hond to be plaine blake hethi grounde, and on the lifte 
hond to be sumwhat hilly and wooddy. 

Northwich is a prati market toune but fowle, and by the 
salters howses be great stakkes of smaul clovyn woode to 
sethe the salt water that thei make white salt of. 

The salt water pitte is harde by the brinke of Dane river, 
the wich within a good but-shott beneth runnith into Wyver. a 

Apon the bank, betwixt the salt springging pitte and Dane 
river, I saw Congleton, a market toun x. miles of, and 
Maxwel Forest therby. 

Ther be ii. salt springges at Middlewich, that stondith, 
as I remembre, apon Dane river, and one at Nantwich, the 
wich yeldith more salt water then the other iii. Wherfore 
ther be at Nantwich a iii. hunderith salters. 

A mile from Cumbremere Abbay in time of mind sank a 
peace of a hille having trees on hit, and after in that pitte 
sprang salt water, and the abbate ther began to make salt, 
but the menne of the wichis componid with the abbay that 
ther should be no salt made. The pitte yet hath salt water, 
but much filth is faullen into hit. 

The pittes be so set abowte with canales that the sake 
water is facily derivid to every mannes howse. 

And at the Nantwiche very many canales go over Wyver 
river for the commodite of deriving the water to the salters 
troughs. They sethe the salt water in furnesses of lede, and 
lade out the salt some in ca[ses] of wiker, thorough the wich 
the water voydith, and the salt remaynith. Ther be also a 
ii. or iii. but veri litle salt s[prings] at Dertwiche in a low 
botom, were sumtimes salt is [made.] Dertwich is a mile 
and a half from M[alpass village] wher Syr Randol of Brere- 
ton dwellith. 

Gumming from Northwiche toward Manchester at North- 
wich toune I passid over a riveret, and thens riding a v. 

a Weaver r. 



PART VII 5 

miles be cawse-way I rode over Waterlesse * and Pyverey * Cheshire, 
river that be lykelihodde resort to Wyver, and yn this way 
I cam by a park on the lifte hond, wher Mr. Leyrcestre 
dwellith, (Table, b Mr. Leyrcestre place). Here about in a 
mosse is fyrre woodde. And a iiii. miles farther I cam by 
a parke on the lifte hond wher Master Bouth dwellith, 
(Dunham Masse the name of Mr. Bouth howse in his 
parke); and aboute that place by good culture is made veri 
good corne ground, wher sumtime was very fernny and 
commune grounde. 

And therabout by Roston Chirch on the right hond is a 
poole (Roston Mere) f of a ii. or iii. miles in lenght, very 
plentiful of fische. 

A iii. miles of I rode over Mersey Water by a great bridge 
of tymbre caullid Crosford Bridge. 

Within a iii. miles of Crosford Bridg on Mersey I cam 
over the prati river of Bolyn, c that, as I lernid, risith about 
Maxwel Forest, and goith a good way byneth Crosford 
Bridge into Marsey. 

This water of Mersey to the veri maine se departith Lancashire. 
Chestreshire and Lancastreshire. So about a iii. miles to 
Manchestre, in the wich way first I left Syr Alexandre Rad- 
cliffes parke and house on the right hond (lift hond over 
Irwel). But or I saw that I passid over Corne Brooke, and 
after I touchid withyn a good mile of Manchestre by Mr. 
Traiford's park and place. d 

And after on the lift hond I saw Mr. Prestwikes place on 
the lift hond over Irwel, wherby the Lord of Darby hath a 
place, and a parke caullid Alparte parke. Here about I 
passid over Medlok river, and so within lesse then a mile to 
Manchestre. 

Mancestre on the south side of Irwel River stondith in 
Salfordshiret, and is the fairest, best buildid, quikkest, and 
most populus tounne of al Lancastreshire; yet is in hit but 

[* ? a small river.] 

[t Rostherne Mere. These two words are interlined; the previous 
phrases between ( ) as to Tabley and Dunham Massey are in the 
margin. ] 



Peover r. b Tabley. 

d Old Trafford. 



Bollin r. 
* Alparc. 



6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lancashire, one paroch chirch, but is a college and almost thoroughowt 
doble ilyd ex quadrato lapide durissimo, wherof a goodly 
quarre is hard by the towne. Ther be divers stone bridgis 
in the toune, but the best of iii. arches is over Irwel, cawllid 
Salford bridge. This bridge devidith Manchestre from Sal- 
ford, the wich is as a large suburbe to Manchestre. On this 
bridge is a praty litle chapel. The next is the bridge that is 
over Hirke a river, on the wich the fair builded [college] 
fo. 83. standith as in the veri point of the mouth of hit. For hard 
therby it renneth into Wyver. On Hirk river be divers fair 
milles that serve the toune. 

In the towne be ii. fair market placys. 

And almost ii. flyte shottes withowt the towne beneth on 
the same syde of Irwel yet be scene the dikes and funda- 
tions of Old Man Castel b yn a ground now inclosid. 

The stones of the ruines of this castel wer translatid to- 
ward making of bridgges for the toune. 

It is no long season sins the chirch of Manchestre was 
collegiatid. 

The toun of Manchestre stondith on a hard rokke of 
stone, els Irwel, as wel apperith in the west ripe, had beene 
noiful to the toune. 

Irwel is not navigable but in sum places for vadys * and 
rokkes. 

Gumming from Manchestre toward Morle, c Syr William 
Lelandes howse, I passid by enclosid grounde, partely pas- 
turable, partely fruteful of corne, leving on the lift hand a 
mile and more of a fair place of Mr. Langfordes, caullid 
Agecroft, d and there is a bridge veri hy and greate off tymbre 
on Irwel, and thereby is Pilketon 6 Park, and therin is a 
stone howse of the Pylketons attayntid by King Henry the 
vii. and givin to the Lorde of Darby. And within a ii. miles 
of Morle on the same hand not far of a place of Master 
Worseley of the Bouthe. 

And so within a mile and sumwhat more of Mr. Leland's 
place I cam over Heding (Agyding)f brooke that ther seper- 
atith Salfordshire from Darbyshire/ 

* [Vadys, i.e., fords.] [f Interlined.] 

a Irk r. b Mancastle. c Morley. d Edgecroft. 

e Pilkington. * I.e., West Derby Hundred. 



PART VII 7 

Mode (in Darbyshire) Mr. Lelandes place is buildid, saving Lancashire, 
the fundation of stone squarid that risith within a great 
moote a vi. foote above the water, al of tymbre after the 
commune sorte of building of houses of a[/J the gentilmen 
for most of Lancastreshire. Th[er is] as much pleasur of 
orchardes of great varite of frute [and] fair made [walkes] 
and gardines as ther is in any place of Lancastreshire. He 
brennith al turfes and petes for the commodite of mosses 
and mores at [hand]. For Chateley Mosse a that with breking 
up of ab[undance] of water yn hit did much hurt to landes 
[ther]about, and rivers with wandering mosse and corrupte 
water, is within lesse than a mile [of J Morle. And yet by 
Morle as in hegges [rowes and] grovettes is meately good 
plenti of wood, [but good] husbandes keepe hit for a Jewell. 

Syr John Holcroftes house within a mile or more of Morle 
stoode in jeopardi with fleting of the mosse. 

Morle stondith in Leghe paroche a mile and more from 
the chirch. 

Riding a mile and more beyond Morle I saw on the right 
hond a place nere by of Mr. Aderton, and so a ii. miles of 
to Lidiate b Mosse, in the right side wherof my gide said that 
ther were rootes of fyrre wood. 

Abowt this Mosse I began to se a hille or hilles on the 
right hond that stil continuid on the same hand as a mighty 
long bank ontil I cam to Lancastre. One part of this hille 
wher I saw it first is caullid Faierlokke. Butcommunely the 
people therabout caullith hit Rivenpike. One told me that 
aboute Lidiate Mosse under the hille is a village caullid 
Riven or Riventon, stonding on a water caullid Anderton - 
ford: and Anderton a gentilman having a place caullid 
Andreton dwellithe therby, and Mr. Riventon's howse by 
Riventon. Anderton water cummith into Duggles. d And 
ther about I markid my self that ther was a coppe in the 
hille as a bakke stondding up above the residue of the hille. 

Then I cam over Dugles, communely caullid Duggels, 
that cummith by Wigan and goith into the se toward Latham. 
Buggies rennith thoroug Newborow village bridg a myle 
and dim. from Latham. This Dugles wher I passid over 

* Chat Moss. b Or Lediate. c Rivington Pike. 

d Douglas r. Lytham. 



8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lancashire, hym is a vii. miles from Morle. After a mile and a half* or 
more beyond Duggils I passid over Yaro river, a and then a 
mile and more to Chorle b a litle market toune in Leland - 
shire, c the wich about the river of Duggels departith Leland- 
shire from Darby shi re. d .. 

Yaro and Dugles be likelihod should cum fro the hilles 
toward Yorkeshire. 

Ther is beside Chorle, Crosseton e a market toune in Le- 
landshire. It is a iii. miles from Chorle, and Latham is a 
iii. miles from hit. 

In Lelandshire be about an eight paroche chirchis, wherof 
Leland f paroche is one, and, as I remembre, Standich another, 
Eccleston t . . . Under the foote of Chorle rennith a litle 
flat brooke. A mile and half from Chorle I saw on a hille 
side a great quarre, owt of the wich men digge veri great 
and good mille stones. 

[B]eyond the quarre [on t]he right hond I [saw] a good 
mile [of Ljeland paroch [wh]er the Faringtons ... el 
auncient gentilfmen] dwelle.J 

Within a mile of Preston I cam over Darwent river, the 
which at Penwardine g paroche a celle to Evesham goith 
into Ribil. 

This Darwent h devidith Lelandshire from Andernes i and 
a mile above beyond the place wher I passid over Darwent 
Mr. Langton dwellith at Walton on Darwent, and is baron 
of [Newjton in Macrefeld [a iij myles] from Warpngton] 
. . . Howse at new . . . parke faul . . . 

Half a mile beyond Darwent I passid over the great stone 
bridge of Rybill having a v. great arches, 
fo. 84. From Ribyl bridg to Preston half a mile. Preston hath 

[* Leland has haf.} 

[t A word or sign lost at this edge of fo. 83 may mean "a third."] 
[ This paragraph is written on the margin, much torn here."] 
[ In the MS. only Warig is visible, this corner of the leaf being 
torn. Stow copied only Warin,"} 






a Yarrow r. b Chorley. 

e The Hundred of Leland or Leyland. 

d West Derby Hundred. e Croston. 

f Leyland. g Penwortham. 

h Darwen r. i Amounderness Hundred. 



PART VII 9 

but one parofche] chirch. The market place of the toun Lancashire. 
is fair. Ribil goith round aboute a greate peace of the ground 
aboute toune, yet it touchith not the toune self by space of 
almost half a mile. 

Penwardine semid to me more then half a mile from 
Preston, and ther goith Ribil stonding in respect of the 
toune of the farther side of Ribil, the wich ther devidith the 
dicecese of Chestre from the dioecese of York. Penwardine 
is a paroch chirch and celle to Eovesham Abbay, and 
standith in Chester dicecese. 

Preston is in Yorke dioecese. 

From Preston to Garstane tt x. mile. 

A mile without Preston I rode over Savok b a bigge brooke, 
the wich rising in the hilles a iii. or iv. miles of on the right 
hond not veri far of goith into Ribil. 

After I rode over Brok c water rising a vi. miles of in the 
hilles on the right hond, and goith at the last into Wyre. * 

Calder rising about the same hilles goith also into Wyre. 
I rode over hit. 

By the tounes ende of Garstane I rode over a great stone 
bridge on Wyuer d or I cam to hit. 

Wyre risith a viii. or tenne myles from Garstan owt of the 
hilles on the right hond, and cummith by Grenehaugh a 
prety castel of the Lorde of Darbys, and more then half a 
mile thens to Garstane in Aundernes. Sum saith that 
Garstan was a market toune. 

Wyre ebbeth and flowith a iii. miles beneth Garstane, 
and at a chapel of Alhalowes a x. miles from Garstan goith 
into the maine se. 

Or I cam to Garstane by a mile and a halfe I left Mers- 
cow e a great parke partely enclosid with hegge, partely al 
on the moore side with pale. On the right it is replenishid 
with redde deere. The Erie of Darby hath hit in farme of x 

the [king.] 

From Garston to Sainct Mihels f a village a ii. miles, and 
a mile lower on the farther side be the places of Mr. Kyrkeby 
of Raudeclif, and Mr. Boteler of Raudeclif. g So a vii. myle 

a Garstang. b Savick r. Brock r. 

d I.e., Wyre r. Myerscough. 

' St. Michaels on Wyre. * Rawcliffe. 



xo LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lancashire, to Alhalois village, and then to the se. Raudeclif of Wim- 
merlaw a a mile from Garston hath hys place at Wimmerlaw. 

Up toward the hilles by Grenehaugh b [Castle] be iii. 
[forests of redde deere, Wyredale, Bouland, and Blestale.* 
They be partly woody, partly hethye.] The ground bytwixt 
Morle and Preston enclosid for pasture and corne, but f were 
the vaste mores and mosses be; wherby as in hegges rowes 
by side grovettes ther is reasonable woodde for buildding, 
and sum for fier, yet al the people ther for the most part 
burne turfes. 

Likewise is the soile bytwixt Preston and Garstan; but 
alway the moste part of enclosures be for pasturages. 

Whete is not veri communely sowid in thes partes afore- 
said. 

Al Aundernesse c for the most parte in time past hath 
beene ful of wood, and many of the moores replenishid 
with hy fyrre trees. 

But now such part of Aundernesse as is toward the se is 
sore destitute of woodde. 

From Garstane I passid partely by more ground, partely 
by pasture and sum corne, and so riding over Goker d river, 
that makith no great course or he cumme to the sandes by 
Cokerham village not a mile of, apon the which sandes I 
passid over Koker river ons or twis again not without sum 
feere of quikkesandes. At the ende of the sandes I saw 
divers salt cootes, wher were divers hepes of sandis taken 
of salt strondys, owt of the wich by often weting with water 
they pike owt the saltnes, and so the water is derivid into a 
pit, and after sodde. 

Thens to Cokersand an abbay of Cistertienses about half 
a mile of, standing veri blekely and object to al wynddes. 

One William of Lancastre was founder of that house 
about King Henri the 2. tyme. 

From Kokersand Abbay I roode over the sandes, marking 

[* Bowland, and Bleasdale. These three names are only partly 
legible. Stow copied them, "Wyreare, Bouldad, and Blestale ; 
Burton, " Wycesdale Bouland & Bles. . ."] 

[i I.e., except.] 



a Winmarleigh. b Greenhaigh. 

c Amounderness. d Cocker r. 




PART VII ii 

the salt cotes, and a mile of over Condar riveret [trillinge Lancashire, 
by the sands to] the se. 

So to a meane place cawllid Ascheton of the kinges fo. 85. 
lande, wher Mr. Leyburne knight usith to lye, and from 
thens a ii. or iii. miles to Lancastre. 

Lancastre Castel on a hille strongly buildid and wel 
repaired. Ruines of an old place (as I remembre of the 
Catfelds) by the castel hille. The new toune (as thei ther 
say) buildid hard by yn the descent from the castel, having 
one paroch chirch wher sumtime the priori of monkes 
alienis was put doune by King Henry the v. and given to 
Syon Abbay. 

The old waul of the circuite of the priory cummith 
almost to Lune bridge. Sum have therby supposid that it 
was a peace of a waul of the toune. But yn deade I espiyd 
in no place that the toune was ever waullid. 

The old toune (as they say ther) was almost al burnid 
and stoode partely beyounde the Blak Freres. 

In thos partes in the feeldes and fundations hath ben 
found much Romayne coyne. 

The soile about Lancastre is veri fair, plentiful of wood, 
pasture, medow and corne. 

If I had kept the hy shore way from Lancastre to Cum- 
breland I should have gone [by] Cartemaile a sand, wher a 
fresch water doth cum, a vii. miles; to Conyhed sande, 
whither a river resortith, a viii. miles; to Dudden sandes, 
wither a river resortith, a iiii. miles. Furnis Abbay up in 
the montaines a iiii. miles of. 

Cartemaile and Conished priories of Blake Chanons. 

I rode over Lune toward Warton a vi. miles of, wher 
Mr. Kitson was borne. A ii. mile from Lancastre the 
cunteri began to be stony, and a litle to wax montanius. 

Half a mile from Warton I passid over Keri b river, 
cumming out of hilles not far of, and ther ebbing and 
flouing, and about Lunesandes going into the salt water. 

Warton is a preati streat for a village. 

The ground beyound Warton and about is veri hilly and 
mervelus rokky onto Bytham a v. miles of. In the rokkes 
I saw herdes of gotes. 

a Cartmell. b Keer r. 



12 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Westmor- By Bitham a is a greate parke and a goodly place yn hit 

land. O f the Erie of Darby. By Bytham rennith Byth b water a 

preaty [river,] and by likelihod [shuld resort toward Kennet.] c 

Thens I roode over a great bek caullid Staunton Bekke, 

and so ridding a ii. miles farther cam to a soile lesse stony 

and more fruteful of corne, as sum whete, much ootes and 

barle, or bigge, and so to Kendale riding over Ken c river. 

Ther be about Kendale divers fair wooddes, as Master 

Parris parke, and many other. Kendale is countid as 

baronry, wherof Mr. Par is possessor.* 

Folia 86, 87, 88, 89, 90. vacant. 

Yorkshire. From Byland to Newborow a thoroughfare, wher is a 
fo. 91. priori of chanons, a mile much by woodde. 

From New Gisborow to Crage Castel, d set on a hil, a 
ii. miles. Sum say that Crage was given to Cuthbert lyving. 

To Sutton c a iii. miles. 

To Yorke a vi. miles, iiii. of them lying totally as a great 
plaine commune, that servith both for feeding of bestes and 
for turves. 

From York toward by the lenght of a iii. mile mervelus 
good come grounde, but no plenty of wood yn neere sight. 

In the midde way I saw hard on the right hond a veri 
fair large maner of the bisshops of Yorke caullid Bisshops 
Thorpe. 

Beyound this iii. miles the ground waxith sumwhat 
wooddy, and about the iiii. mile I cam hard by Mr. Aclam's f 
parke wherin is a preaty dwelling place. 

And so making a iiii. miles more by the river of Use, f 
wher the grounde was fair of pasture, corne and wood, I 
went over Use, and entred Cawood, a very fair castel 
longging to the Archbishop of Yorke, and ther is a preati 
village. 

[* William Parre created Baron Parre of Kendall 9. March 30. H. 8. 
1538, is noted by Burton here (a, fo. 151). Five blank leaves follow 
this passage in the original. See Leland's further notes on the Kent 
river and Kendal, in Part IX, vol. v.] 

[t Acklom or Acklam. Also a place-name in Yorkshire.] 



a Beetham. 
d Craike Hall. 



Beetha r. 
Sutton-in-the-Forest. 



c Kent r. 
f Ouse r. 



PART VII 13 

From thens to Shirburne,* a market town, wherin be Yorkshire, 
many pinners, a v. miles. The way betwene wel wooddid, 
and almost stil riding by a riveret caullid Bisshop's water, 
that risith a litle a this side Shirburne and goith into Use. 

In the way betwixt I rode hard by a parke (as I think) of 
the bisshops of Yorke. 

From Shirburne to Milburne b village a mile, and passing 
from thens to Fere brydg c apon Aire river a iiii. miles of or 
more. The brid[g]e is of an viii. arches of stone, and ther 
is a village. 

The soile betwixt neere in sight plaine, wel cornid, but 
litle wood. 

Along on the lift hond a iii. miles of betwixt Milburne 
and Feribridge I saw the wooddi and famose forest of 
Barnesdale, wher they say that Robyn Hudde lyvid like 
an owtlaw. 

From Ferybridge to Pontfract a mile. 

Pontfract is a fair, large market towne, and good occupiyng 
in hit. 

Ther is a veri fair castel set on a rokke of stone. 

An abbay of Blake Monkes, a paroche chirche, a college 
of prestes, a place of Gray Freres, a faire chapel. 

Withowt the town on the hil, wher the goode Duke * of 
Lancastre was beheddid, ys a fair chirche. 

From Pontfraict to St. Oswauls, d a veri fair and wel 
buildid howse of chanons, iii. mile be much woddy grounde. 

Atte St. Oswalds is a mervelus fair conduct of water and 
castelid hard againe the front of the howse. 

The soile therabout riche of wood, pasture and corne. 

A mile and more beyond St. Oswaldes I passid hard by 
Mr. Burton's, a knight lately decesid, park, and in hit is a 
fair mansion. 

And so by wooddy and corne ground a iiii. mile to 
Howton, or Haulston, wher is a minus maner, longging, 
as they saide, to the Tempestes. 

A mile from that, or more, I cam by Breerle f Parke hard 

[* Burton has written Earle on the margin of Leland's MS., under- 
lining Duke.} 

a Sherburn. b Milford. Ferrybridge. 

d Nostel. Great Houghton. f Brierley. 



14 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, on the right hond, wherin is a faire maner place longging 
to the Lord Montegle. 

And so a ii. mile beyond I roode over a stone bridge, 
under the whiche ran Tarne, a a riveret that goith (as they 
said) into Dune b river betwixt Rotheram and Dunecastre. 

From Tarne to Rotheram a iiii. miles. 

I enterid into Rotheram by a fair stone bridge of iiii. 
arches, and on hit is a chapel of stone wel wrought. 

Rotheram is a meately large market towne, and hath a 
large and fair collegiate chirch. The college was institutid 
by one Scotte, Archbisshop of Yorke, otherwise caullid * 
fo. 92. Rotheram, even in the same place wher now is a very fair 
college sumptuusly buildid of brike for a provost, v. prestes, 
a schole-master in song, and vi. chorestes, a schole-master 
in grammer, and a nother in writinge. 

Though betwixt Cawoode and Rotheram be good plenti 
of wood, yet the people burne much yerth cole, bycawse 
hit is plentifully found ther, and sold good chepe. 

A mile from Rotheram be veri good pittes of cole. 

In Rotheram be veri good smithes for all cutting tooles. 
fo. 94 v. * Halamshire beginnith a ii. mile from Rotheram. Sheffild 
iii. miles from Rotheram, wher the lord of Shreusbyris castel 
is, the chefe market towne of Halamshire. And Halamshire 
goith one way a vi. or vii. miles above Sheffilde by west, yet, 
as I here say, a nother way the next village to Sheffild is in 
Darby shire. 

Ther be many smithes and cuttelars in Halamshire. 

Al Halamshire go to the sessions of York, and is countid 
as a membre of Yorkshire. 

There is a goodly lodge or manor place on a hil top in 
Shefeld park. 

Winfeld, or Wenfeld, in Darby shire is but a maner place, 
but yt far passith Sheffild Castel. 

^Egglesfild c and Bradefeld ii. townelettes or villages long 

[* Stow inserts "Thomas," though Leland has it not.] 
[* In the margin Leland has an indication to the following passages 
as to Rotherham and Hallamshire on fo. 94, which are therefore brought 
here, together with some sentences as to Nottinghamshire. Printed be- 
tween * *.] 

a Dearne r. b Don r. c Ecclesfield. 



PART VII 15 

to one paroche chirche. So by this meanes (as 1 was en- Yorkshire, 
structid) ther be but iii. paroches in Halamshire that is of 
name, and a great chapelle. 

Halamshire hath plenti of woodde, and yet ther is burnid 
much se cole. Reasonable good pasture but meate come. 

The erle is now lord of Sheflfelde market in Yorkshire, and 
Werksope in Notinghamshire, and Rotheram that a late 
longgid to Rufford Abbay. 

The erle hath a parke and a maner place or lodge yn it 
caullid Hardewike apon Line a four miles from Newstede 
Abbay. 

In Snotinghamshire. 

Blith a market town on Blith riveret iiii. mile beyound Nottingham- 
Wyrksop in the way to Dancastre. shire. 

Blith risith in a more a v. miles from Wirksop. So to f- 94 v. 
Wirkesop, and to Blith the market toun, and thens into Dune 
river. 

This riveret from the hedde is not alway caullid Blith, but 
as it were in the midde way betwixt Radeford, alias Wyrksop, 
and Blith market. Ther cummith a preaty brooke into Blith 
or he cum to Wyrksop. 

Bautre a market a iii. miles beyound Blith market, and 
this towne is of the paroche of Blith. So that one paroche 
hath ii. market townes. 

Tikil a market toun with a freres * and a ruinus castel in 
Yorkshire f a ii. miles beyond Bautre. 

Not far beyound Bautre is the limes of Notinghamshire 
and Yorkeshire toward Dancastre. 

As the evidence of Blith Abbay spekith there was a castel 
about King Wylliam Conquerors time at Blithe, the wich 
thei caullid in Latine Blida. I think that it stoode nere the 
abbay, or els the abbay was buildid wher the castel was. 

Roger Buley a Norman was the foundder of Blith abowt 
King William Conqueror's time. 

Maunsfeld a market town longing to the King in Noting- 
hamshire (it is yn Shirwode) . . . miles from Rotheram in 
the hy way to Nottingam. 

[* I.e., a Friary.] 

[t Hearne prints Nottinghamshire. The writing is cramped and cor- 
rected, but reads Yorkshire, which is the actual county.] 



i6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Nottingham- 
shire. 



Notts, 
fo. 92. 



Notingam a great market town. 

Newark apon Trent, a good market toun. 

Ther is a goodly house or More Hall lately buildid in 
Redeford. 

Wyrkesoppe made a market town more then xxx. yeres ago. 

Retheford, of sum soundid Redford, a good market towne 
with a v. miles of Trent ripe. [But ther] be ii. Rethefords, 
one the lesse is caullpd Weste] Retheford, the other is caullid 
[Est Redford], and is the market towne [as bigge as Roth- 
eram,] and hath a chirch almost [as fair as hit. The onely] 
bridge apon [the] river [divideth the one towne from the 
other. Retford hath beene burnt but] * both be sins that 
reedified.* 

Betwixt Rotheram and Worsope a x. long miles the soile 
partely woody, as specially within iii. miles of Worsop, 
partely pasture and partly corne. 

Within a good mile or I cam to Worsop I rode thorough 
a parke of Mr. Townles a knight for the most abiding in 
Lancastreshire. And in this parke is a veri praty litle 
howse. 

By Wyrksop is a parke of a vi. or vii. miles in cumpace, 
longging to the Erie of Sreusbiry. 

Wyrkesop is cawllid in sum old writinges Radeford, and 
the water that goith to Blith market cummith by hit. 

Wilhelmus Lovetofte t was the first founder of hit in the 
tyme of Anselm Bishop of Canterbiri and Gerad b Bisshop of 
York, in Henri the firste dayes. His blode and inheritance 
cam to a dowghter that maried one Furnivalle. After 
Furnivalles inheritance [cam] to a doughter, the wich was 
maried [to] one Nevile,^ and he had a doughtter by hir, 
the wiche was maried to Talbot the first Erie of Salop. 

[* The bottom and corners of this fo. 94 v are torn, but Hearne 
must have been able to read more words than are now existing, viz., all 
as to Retford in [ ]. Stow copied but as far as "onely bridge." 
Burton (a, p. 154) omits this whole page, from " Halamshire begin- 
nith." Fos. 95-97 are blank.] 

[t An.D. 1103. LelancPs marginal note.} 

[J This Nevile hath a goodly tumbe in the middis of the quier. 
In the margin.'} 



Warsop. 



b Gerard, Archbp. of York, 1101-1108. 



PART VII 17 

And among other childern he had Talbot of hir, caullid Nottingham- 
Dns de Lile. ahire. 

* William Huntingdon first prior of Radeford or Wyrke- 
sop. 

Many of the Lovetoftes, Furnivalles, [and] Talbottes 
buried at Wyrkesoppe. (One of the Lovetoftes was Erie of 
Huntingdon and founder of Huntingdon Priory.) f 

Wirkesoppe is a market [towne, and there is a place now 
invironyd with trees cawlyd the Castle Hille,] wher the 
Lovetoftes had sumtime a castel. 

The stones of the castel were fette, as sum say, to make 
the fair lodge in Wyrksoppe Parke not yet finisshid. This 
Erie of Shrewsbyris father was aboute to have finishid hit, 
as apperith by much hewyd stone lyyng there. But I am of 
the opinion that the chanons had the mines of the castel 
stones to make the closure of their large waulles. 

Ther is at the south side of the priory cowrt a very fair 
great gate of hewyn stone. 

The soyle, savyng a little by Wyrksop to Rethford tt Market, 
is plentiful of corne in enclosid feeldes, but litle woodde. 

From Wirkesop to Newhagge by very wooddi grownd 
about a mile. Newhagge is a park hard on the right hond 
as I went longging to the King. A mile beyond Newhag 
stil by wood I rode over Gerburton brooke. b 

A mile thens passing al by plaine hethy ground I rode 
over Budby brooke. 

And so passing a mile more by plaine hethe, and ii. miles 
by fair wooddes I rode over Rume water, wher in ulteriori 
ripa is a village caullid communely Ruford for Rumeford. c 

A quarter of a mile beyond Rumeford village stoode a 
late Rumeford Abbay of White Monkes. The Erie of 
Shreusbyri hath hit now of the King for exchaung of land of 
his in Irland. 

Rume d river risith by south of Maunsfeld a v. miles from 
Rumeford Abbay; and when the streame cummith nere the 

[* The words in the MS., "he" crossed through, and "had" inter- 
lined, are not wanted before " William," as they make nonsense.] 
[t Side-note in MS. preceded by Leland's name.] 



Retford. b Car burton brook. c Rufford. d Rain worth r. 
IV. C 



i8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Nottingham- abbay it makith ther in a botom a fair lake a of the same 
shire. name, and so cumming againe into a narow course goith 

to Rumeford village, and, as I lernid, ther after receivith 
both Budby water b and Gerberton water, and after with a 
meately long curse goith to Bowtre,* of sum caullid Vowtre, 
a market town in Notingamshire a v. miles from Dancastre, 
and so, as I hard say, into Trent. 

Looke ther about wyther Blith river goith. 

o. 93- From Rumeford Abbay by plaine corny and paster ground 
to a village a iiii. miles of, wher I passid over a brooke 
caullid (if I wel remembre) Girt. (Almost a mile or I cam 
to this village I cam hard by Hexgreve Park on the right 
hond, and a litle beyond on the lift hond I saw nere at hond 
Mr. Newnams a knighttes parke t and preati manor. It is 
in Ketelington d paroche.) This brooke goith to Sowthwel 
Milles, and so to Trent. 

To Sowthwel from thens a ii. miles. 

The ground betwixt very fruteful of corne. 

Sowthewel stondith in Snotinghamshire. The town by 
hit is meately wel buildid, but ther is no market publike. 

The minstre of our Lady is large, but of no pleasaunt 
building, but rather stronge. 

There lyith in the quier an Arche-Bisshop of Yorke. 

The Bisshop of York hath ther a preaty palace, and the 
ministers of the chirch be wel loddegid, especially the Pre- 
bendary s. 

The Archebisshop hath iii. parkes, the litle park, alias 
New Park, Norwood Park, but Hexgre c is the chefest of 
them. 

To Thurgoton f village and priory of Blak Chanons lately 
suppressid a ii. miles by corne ground. 

And thens a good mile to Oringgam g feri, where my 
horsys passid over Trent per vadum, and I per cymbam. I 
never saw fairer medows then there a bothe ripes of Trent. 

[* Bawtre in margin, now Bawtry.] 

[f Leland wrote paroche in error, and then struck out the o, leaving 
parche. This passage between ( ) is written in the margin.] 



a Rufford lake. b Meden r. c Greet r. 

d Kirklington. c Hexgreave park. f Thurgarton. 

s Hoveringham. 



PART VII 19 

Notingham on the right hond vi. miles from trajectus^ Nottingham- 
and Newarke on the lifte hond a iiii. miles. Newark to us shire. 
rip. citer. Trentae. 

After that I cam a litle beyond Trent I saw al champaine 
grounde undecunque within sight, and very litle wood but 
infinita frugum copia. 

To Langer * village a iiii. miles, wher hard by the chirch 
is a stone howse of the Lord Scropes embatelid like a castel. 

A ii. miles beyond Langer I saw but far of the castel of 
Bever on a hy coppid hille. 

Half a mile or I cam to Langer I cam by Sir John Cha- 
worthe * a knightes manor place, wherabowt I saw great and 
mervelus fair medows. Chaworth Place is caullid Warton b 
Haulle. 

From Langer by veri fair medows and corne ground to 
Smithe, c a brokelet that ther devidith Notingghamshire from 
Leyrcestreshire a iiii. myles. 

Nere beyond this brooke I passid thorough Clauson vil- Leicester, 
lage in Leyrcestreshir. shire. 

Betwixt Trent ripe and Melton many benes and peson, as 
yt is communely thorough al Leyrcestreshir. 

From Clauson to Melton a iii. good miles by [good corne] 
ground. 

Melton, one fair paroche chirch, sumtime an hospital 
and celle to Lewes in Sussex. 

Kyrkby d a litle priori of Blake Chanons apon Wreke c river 
ii. miles beneth Melton Mowbray was a late suppressid. I 
hard say that one Bellar was foundder thereof. 

From Melton to Burton Lazar/ a veri fair hospital and 
collegiate chirch, scant a mile. 

To Borow Hilles more than ii. miles. 

The place that now is cawllid Borow Hilles * is duble 
dichid, and conteinith within the diche to my estimation a 
iiii. score acres. The soile of it berith very good corne. 

[* Leland first wrote Master Stuards> then corrected it as above, but 
forgot to cross through Master.'] 



m Langar. b Whatton. c Smite r. 

d Kirby Bellars. e Wreak r. ' Burton Lazars. 

8 Burrow Hill. 



20 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Leicester- First I tooke hit for a campe of menne of warre, but after I 
shire. plaine perceivid that hit had beene waullid about with stone, 
and to be sure pullid out sum stones at the entering of hit, 
wher hath bene a great gate, and ther found lyme betwixt 
the stones. But whither ther hath beene any mo gates there 
then one I am not yet sure, but I conject ye.* 

Very often hath be founde ther numismata Romano, of 
gold, sylver and brasse, and fragmentes of al fundations in 
plowyng. 

This stondeth in the very hy way bytwixt Melton and 
London. 

To thes Borow Hilles every yere on Monday after White- 
Sonday cum people of the contery therabowt, and shote, 
renne, wrastel, dawnce, and use like other feates of exer- 
cyse. 

Borow village is within lesse then half a mile of hit, and 
ther dwellith one Mr. Borow the greatest owner there. 

Borow Hilles be abowte a vii. miles from Leyrcestre. 

Remembre that Croxton a Abbay Water rising at Croxton 
cummith into Eye water per ripam australem about a mile 
or more above Melton. 

From Borow Hilles to Laund a v. mile. 

The Chaworthis were and be founders of Laund Priory. 

Almoste half a mile or I cam to Launde I passid by 
Master Smithes, f made fresch by Mr. Radcliffe that married 
Smithes [doughjter. 

The soile directo itinere betwyxt Trent south ripe and 
Launde is baren of wood, but plentiful of corne and pasture, 
especially abowt Launde quarters. 

But the soyle abowt Launde is wooddy, and the forest of 
Ly, b of sum caullid [Lyjfeld, joynifthe to] Laufnde by 
este.] 

fo. 94. And the soile of Owsen Abbay c ii. miles by est north este 
from Launde is also veri wooddy. 

[* Stow has yes, taking a line at the end for a long j, which is pos- 
sible, though doubtful.] 

[t Hearne here inserts howse, but it is not in the MS., and there has 
not been space for it. Neither Stow nor Burton has it.] 



a Croxton-Keyrial. b Leighfield. c Owston. 



PART VII 21 

The ground a litle beyound Launde toward Pipwel is not 
wooddy. 

To Haleden a a preaty tounlet about a iiii. miles. 

To Metburne b village a mile. 

And almost a mile to a bridge, wher I passid over Wyland c 
river, ther no great streame. 

Thens of to Pipwel Abbay abowt a iii. miles. 

The bridg and water of Weland ther devidith Leyrcestre- Northanta. 
shire from Northampton. 

From Metburne to within a mile of Pipwel is mervelus 
goodly medow. 

After that I passid over Weland abowt a mile I saw 
Rokingham Castel standing on the brow of a stony hille in 
the utter part of the side of Rokingham Forest, and it stood 
a ii. mile of on the lifte honde. 

Almost a mile or I cam to Pipwel I enterid into the 
woode of Rokingham Forest. Pipwel Abbay d stondith in 
Rokingham Forest, and mo abbays is not, nor were, as I 
hard say, in the forest. 

(Pipwel standeth in the veri ende of the forest of* . . .) 

Butville, sumtime a knight of Northamptonshire, founder 
of Pippewell. Mowbray, the lord of Rutland, and the Lord 
Souch encresid hit. 

The forest of Rokingham is in sum places a ii. miles, 
in sum places but a mile brode, and by estimation a xiiii. 
miles longe. 

Rokingham Castel faullith to ruine. 

No redde deere but falow in Rokingham Forest. 

The fairest game of the forest is scene at a place in the 
forest caullid Launde, [of Benefeild].f 

Divers gentilmen of veri faire landes dwelle in villages 
neere about Pipwelle. 

[* Margin. The forest is long and narrow. Pipewell stands towards 
one end.] 

[t Written by Burton in Leland's MS. It seems that Burton intended 
Leighfield, see before, p. 20, though there is a Benefield in the 
Forest.] 



Hallaton. b Medborne. c Welland r. 

d Pipewell Abbey. 



22 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Northamp- Ther dwellith for the most part a gentilman in every 
tonshire. village of Northamptonshire. 

From Pipwel to Ketering market iii. good miles by pasture 
and corne ground. A mile from Pipwelle at Barton village 
is the Tressehams manor place. 

From Ketering to Hyham Ferres a vii. miles. Almost a 
quarter of a mile or I cam [to Hyham] Ferres I passid over 
Neene [water]. b 

Ther is a collegiate chirch at Hyham Ferres, and a gram- 
mer [schoole,] and a ca[stel now of late clene faullen and 
taken downe. Ther is a mair at Hyham Ferres.*] 

Thinges notable in Bedfordshir. 

Bedford- The castelle of Adinggreves is on the same side that the 

shire. castelle mille is on, otherwise caullid Risingho, about a mile 

fo. 98 v. lower on the ryver toward S. Neotes, where is on a hille a 

diche and other tokins of buildinges there, not 2. balles castes 

from the ryver bank. 

Castel Mille is a mile and a half byneth Bedford. 

About a mile and a half beneth Adinggreves is a great 
stone bridge of an viii. arches of stone at Berford, and ther 
in utter, ripa is a good uplandisch towne. 

From Berford to Eiton c a good village in utter, ripa about 
a 3. mile, wher be seene vestigia Castelli betwen the chirch 
and the ripe, and almost hard on the ripe: and at this Eiton 
is a litle poore bridge of ease over the ryver. The ruines of 
Eiton Castelle long to my Lord Vaulx. 

Ther wer 2. hospitales in the suburbe of Bedford by south 
in riter. ripa Usae. the houses wherof and chapelles yet 
stande. 

S. John's standeth on right hond first cumming in from 
south to Bedforde. And then on the same hand a litle aside 
is S. Leonards. 

fo. 99. Thinges notable in the Gray Freres of Bedford. 

The very original founderes of the Grey Freres of Bedford 
was Mabil Pateshull Lady of Blettesho, wher now Syr John 

[* The narrative of the journey continues from Higham Ferrars at 
P- 33-] 

* Higham Ferrers. b Nene r. e Eaton. 



PART VII 23 

S. John dwellith, and of Stoke, as sum say, in Lincolnshire Bedford- 
a 4. miles a this side Granteham in Lincolnshir, and this shire. 
Stoke longith now to Master S. John. 

This Mabil was byried at the south side of the high altare 
under an arche. 

Epitaph ; HicjacetLPMabilla Pateshulle, Dna de Blettesho, 
i a fundatrix hujus loci. She was biried under a flat stone. 

Ther was also buried on the northe side of the high altare, 
under a plain stone, one of the Lord Mowbrays. 

And one Quene Elenor was buried right afore the high 
altare under a flat stone of marble with an image of plaine 
plate of brasse encrounid. 

Richard Hastinges, an esquier, chaumberlayn to Edward 
the 3., was buried on the north side of the quier in a low 
tumbe. 

Syr Richard Irencester was biried in the midle of the body 
of the chirch : and this Irencester, as it is said, made the 
body of the chirch of the Graye Freres. Blake S. John of 
late tyme was buried of* the quier by Hastinges. 

The Freres stand flat in the north end of the towne. 

Ex libro Folcardi Monachi EccL Cantuar. quern 
scrip sit rogante Aldredo Archiepiscopo Ebor. 

Abbas de Swina invitatus ad anniversarium diem S.Joannis 
de Beverlaco a Brithuno Abbate Beverlacensi. 

Monialis quaedam de Esch. 

GulielmuS) qui et Ketellus dictus^ Clericus S. Joannis 
Beverlacencis, scripsit libellum de miraculis S. Joannis^ et 
consecravit opusculum Th. praeposito ejusdem, e cujus libello 
Folchardus multa desumpsit. 

Ketellus scripsit stylo, ut eaferebant tempora, ornato. 

Destructa urbe Ebor. et agris vicinis a Gul. Bastard et 
ejus exercitu, multi confugerunt Beverlacum tanquam ad 
asylum. Sed Gul. rex et ejus exercitus miraculo cujusdam 
militis Normanni deterriti Beverlacenses intactos reliquerunt. 

Aethelstanus rex asylum Beverlaci instituit. Deira clauditur 
Derwentaflu. Humbroflu. et mare [/. mart] orient. 

[* Stow ends this sentence "was buried ther"; Burton substitutes 
"in" for "of." "Of" is simply Leland's spelling for "off," which is 
the sense here.] 



24 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Robertus de Stutevilla dominus de Cotingham temp. Steph. 

Adsutus erat libro Folcardi liber incerti auctoris^ sed viri, 
^it videtur, Ebor. de [rebus] ab Ethelstano Beverlaci gestis, et 
de miraculis D. Joannis a tempore Gut. Conquestoris. 

fo- ioo. Taken out of a rolle at Master Garters. 

Clarence. 

Duke de Clarence^ Counte de Richemont^ Signior des Isles 
de Gernesey et Garsey, et Graunt Chaumbrelaine de Angle- 
terre. 

Glocestre. 

Duk de Glocestre, Cones table et Admiral de Angle ter re, 
et Gardein de Weste Marches devers Escossce. 

Norfolk. 

Duke de Norfolk, Counte Mareschal de Warein^ Surrey et 
de Notingham.) Graund Marchal d } Angleterre^ Signior de 
Moubray^ de Segrave, et Gower. 

Bukingham. 

Duke de Bukingham^ Counte de Stafforde, Herford, North- 
ampton et de Perche, Signior de Brekenok^ de Kembalton et 
de Tunbridg. 

Rivers. 

Counte Rivers Signior de Scales et de Nucles^ et Governor 
delslede Wight. 

Nicolaus Upton Legulejus, Canonicus Sar\um\ et Wellensis 
Ecclesiae, dedicavit Hu\infri~\do duci Glocestriae volumen de 
re \mili^tari divisum in quatuor libros seu partes . . . ultimo 
aittem libro tractabat de \armis~\ sive insignibus illustrium 
virorum Angliae. 

Stilus Humfridi Ducis ibidem. 

FiliuS) frater^ patruus Regum, Dux Glocestriae^ Comes 
Penbrochiae, Mag. Camer\arius Angliae. \ * 

Yorkshire. Richemont is pavid. Richemont towne is waullid, and 

[* I transfer the folios 101-106 of the MS. which treat of North- 
umberland to join the rest of that county in Part IX. Fos. 107-112 
are blank.] 



PART VII 25 

the castel on the river side of Swale is as the knot of the Yorkshire, 
cumpace of the waulle. In the waul be iii. gates. Frenche- 
gate yn the north parte of the towne, and is the most occu- 
pied gate of the towne; Finkel-streate gate, Bargate, al iii. 
be downe; vestigia yet remayne. In the market place is a 
large chapel of the Trinite, the cumpace of the ruinus 
waulles is not half a mile abowt. So that the towne waulle 
cumpasith litle but the market place, the howses about hit 
and gardens behind them. There is a suburbe withowt 
Frenche gate. Finkelstreat suburbe strayt west from the 
market place and Bargate suburbe. But Frenchgate suburbe 
is almost as bygge as bothe the other suburbes. In French- 
gate suburbe is the paroch chirch of al the hole towne. A 
litle beyonde the ende of Frenchegate-streate is, or was, a 
late a chapel of a woman anachorete. Bargate suburbe 
cummith down to the bridge ende of Swale, the wich bridge 
is sumtime chaynid. A this side the bridge is no building. 
In this suburbe is a chapel of S. James. At the bakke of 
the Frenchgate is the Grey Freres, a litle withowte the 
waullis. Their howse, medow, orchard, and a litle wood is 
waullid yn. Men go from the market place to hit by a 
posterne gate. There is a conducte of water at the Grey 
Freres, els there is none in Richemont. Not far from the 
Freres waul is a chapel of S. Antony. Al the towne and 
suburbes be on the farther side of Swale. 

The castel is nere hand as much yn cumpace as the cir- 
cuite of the town walle. But now it is in mere ruine. 

The celle of S. Martine [is on] the hither [side of] Swale 
litle more then [a thowsand fotte from the Frenche-gate 
suburbe.] 

Midleham apon Ure river ripa citeriori is a market 
tounne, and is kept on Twesday. The toune it self is 
smawle, and hath but one paroche chirch. It hath beene, 
as sum wene, a collegiate chirch. The parson is yet caullid 
the Deane of Midleham. (Midleham longgid to the Erie of 
Warwike. Richard the iii. lay at it, and collegiatid the 
chirch there. But Henry the vii. toke the new college land 
awaye.)* The toun is set on a hille side. The greate hil 

[* The passage between ( ) is written on the margin, and must have 
been added a little later.] 



26 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, above hit more then a mile of is cawllid Penhil, a and is 
countid the hiest hille of Richemontshire. Midleham Castel 
joynith hard to the toun side, and is the fairest castel of 
Richemontshire next Bolton, and the castel hath a parke by 
hit caullid Sonskue, and a nother cawllid Westpark, and the 
third cawllid Gaunelesse half a mile of. Westparke and 
Gaunlesse be wel woddid. 

There is at the est ende of Midleham a litle hospital 
with a chapel of Jesus. 

Vensela b is a litle poore market in ripa superiore Uri. It 
standith not far from the Westparke end of Midleham. 

Grenton c is a litle market towne ripa citer. Sualae, a vi 
miles west above Richemont. The houses of these two 
tounes be partly slatid, partly thakkid. 

The market is of come and linyn cloth for men of 
Suadale, the wich be much usid in digging leade owre. 

On eche side of Suadale be greate hilles where they 
digge. 

Litle corne growith in Suadale. 

Katerik Bridge self hath but one house as an yn. 

Katerik d towne is a mile lower in citer. ripa Swalae; it is 
now a very poore towne, and is half a quarter of a mile from 
the river side. At Keterik is now no market. Ther is a 
place cawllid Keterik Swart or Sandes hard by Keterik 
Chirch, and ther about be quaedam indicia of olde build- 
inges, and [digginge] of olde squarid stones, 
fo. 114. Richemont Castel. 

Killarby Castel ruine in ripa citer. Sualae, about a iii. 
miles beneth Keterik Bridge. It longid * to the Conyeux. 

Horneby Castel (chiefest house of the Lord Corners) a 
iii. miles from Suale, and a ii. miles south from Keterik, 
and iii. miles north west from Bedale. 

Midleham apon Ure. 

Snape a goodly castel in a valley longing to the Lorde 
Latimer, and ii. or iii. parkes welle woddid abowt hit. It is 
his chefe howse, and stondith a ii. mile from Great Tanfeld. 

[* " Longid " is crossed through, apparently in error.] 



Penhill Beacon. b Wensley. c Grinton. 

d Catterick. 



PART VII 27 

In the parkes by Snape be pooles. Yorkshire. 

Great Tanfelde, wher is a castel on a banke longging to 
the Lorde Parre, and stondith on Ure. 

Tanfelde Castel longgid to the Lord Marmion, and so 
cam to the Fizhugh. 

Bolton a very fair castel in Suadale * stonding on a balk, 
and underneth is a litle broke. It is within a mile of the 
farther side of Ure Water, and (as I lernid) a iiii. miles from 
Suale. It is the chefest howse of the Lorde Scrope. Ther 
is no toune hard by hit. Wensla litle market is a ii. miles 
of by est. 

Ravenswathe * Castel in a mares grounde and a parke on 
a litle hilling ground by hit. It is a iii. miles by north west 
from Richemont, and therby is a praty village. The Lord 
Parre is owner therof, and by hit cummith a bekke caullid 
Ravenswath Bekke. b 

There appere great ruines in a valley of a howse or a litle 
castel at Albruch c village, and thereby rennith a bekke. It 
standith a ii. miles south from Perse Bridg d on Tese. 

There appere ruines of like buildinges at Cawdewelle 
village a ii. miles west from Alburcge. 

Cawdewel is so caullid of a little font, or spring, by the 
ruines of the olde place, and so rennith into a bekke half a 
quarter of a mile of. This bekke rennith thens to Alburcg, 
and a v. miles of into Tese, ripa ritcr. This bek risith in a 
marisk about [a ii. myle southe west above Caldwell.] 

And betwixt thes to villages appere diverse hillettes cast 
up by hand, and many diches, wherof sum be fillid with 
water, and sum of the[se] dikes appere abowte S. John's, 
that is paroch chirch to both the aforsaid villages. The[s] 
dikes and hilles were a campe of men of warre, except 
menne might think they were of ruines of sum old [towne. 
The] more likelyhood [is that it] was a campe [of men of 
warre.] 

Syr James Metcalf hath a very goodly howse caullid 
Nappe e in Wensedale. Wensedale f and the soile about is 

[* Swaledale, but Bolton is in Wensleydale.] 



Ravensworth. b Now Gillingbeck. c Aldbrough. 

d Piecebridge. ' Nappa Hall. ' Wensleydale. 



28 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, very hilly, and berith litle come, but norisith many bestes. 
Wensedale, as sum say, taketh name of Wensela market. 
For Wensele standith on the hither side of Ure, and straite 
on the farther side beginnith Wensedale. 

(Vennones men of Wensedale.) 

Nappe is abowt a vii. miles west from Vensela Market, 
but communely it is caullid No Castel. 

Bisshops Dale lying by Ure in ripa citer. and conteining 
a sorte of greate felles with dere liyth south west within a 
quarter of a mile of Nappe. So that this dale lieth upward 
weste betwixt the upper partes of Uredale and Sualedale. 

Bisshops Dale longith to the king, and yn the hilles about 
hit be redde deer. In faire winters the deere kepe there, in 
shrap [? sharp] winters they forsake the extreme colde and 
barennes of them. 

Mr. Bowis hath a litle howse a iiii. miles northward from 
Keterik. 

Mr. Cunniers of Maske a hath a faire place at Maske 
village within a quarter of a mile of Swale ripa ulter. ii. 
miles be west from Richemont. 

S. Henry Gascoyne dwellith at a prety place caullyd 
Sedbyri having a prety parke, and a litle lake in hit. It is a 
iii. miles be north from Richemont. 

Mr. Pudsey hath a place at Barforde b an arow shot from 
Tese in ripa citer. and is a vi. miles beneth Barnardes 
Castel. 

Master Rokeby hath a place caullid Mortham c a litle be- 
neth Grentey Bridge almost on the mouth of Grentey. d 

M. Frank of Knightton hath a preti place caullid 
Knigtton e v. miles north from Richemont. 

Wiclif a meane gentilman dwellith at a litle village 
caullid Wiclif. 

[They] sey that [Joh]n Wiclif Haereticus [was borne at 
Ipreswel 1 a poore village a good myle from Richemont.] * 

[* Stow, fo. 45. The line is torn away from Leland's fo. 114 at 
bottom. This passage is the earliest authority for Wyclifs supposed 
birthplace. See " English Works of Wyclif," ed. F. D. Matthew, 
1880, p. I.] 

a Marske. b Barforth. c Mortham Tower. 

d Greta r. e Kneeton. f Hipswell. 




PART VII 29 

Abbayes and Priories on Suale. fo. 115. 

Marik * a priory of blake nunnes of the foundation of the Yorkshire. 
Askes. It stondith ripa ulter., v. mile above Richemont. 
Grenton is a mile above Marik. 

Syr Rafe Bowmer hath a place at Marik towne stonding 
on a hille side half a mile from the priori stonding in a 
botom. 

Ellerton, ab alnis dictum, a priori of white clothid nunnes 
(Monachae Cistertienses) stonding in a valle in ripa citer.^ a 
mile beneth Marik Priory. 

S. Marlines Priori a celle to S. Mari Abbay of Yorke in 
ripa citer.y a litle beneth Richemont. 

S. Agathes an abbay of white chanons ripa ulter., a litle 
beneth S. Martines. The Lord Scrope was founder there. 

Apon Ure. 

Gervalx ( Urivallis) b Abbay of white monkes ripa citeriori^ 
a ii. miles beneth Midleham. 

Lord Marmion was the firste founder, whose landes cam 
to the Fitzhughes, and so to the Parres. 

Apon Cover. 

Coverham a howse of white chanons in ripa ulter.^ scante 
ii. miles from Middleham by west. 
There was good singing in Coverham. 

Apon Skel. 
Fontaines Abbay of white monkes yn Richemontshir. 

Apon Tese. c 

^gleston, d citer. ripa^ a priory of white chanons, a mile 
beneth Barnardes Castel that is on the farther ripe. About 
a quarter of a mile beneth ^Egleston is a faire quarre of blak 
marble spottid with white,* in the very ripe of Tese. 

Ther is no collegiate chirch in Richemontshire. 

[* Varium marnior, side-note.] 



a Marrick. b Jervaulx. c Tees r. d Eggleston. 



30 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire. Ther be ii. deaneris, Keterik and Richemont. 

The archidiaconry of Richemont hath goodly revenews, 
and hath a peculiar jurisdiction in Richemontshire as ex- 
empte from the bisshop. 

Yorevalx Abbay of white inonkes. 

Munnemonketon a on Nidde. 

Rivers of name in Richemontshire. 

Gretey b cummith by a village cawllid Barningam in citer. 
ripa, wher dwellith a meane gentilman manne cawllid Barn- 
ingam. The Barningams in times past had great landes. 
Thens to Gretey Bridg about ii. miles, where be aliquot 
diversoria. Thens to Mortham, Mr. Rokesby place, in ripa 
citer.) scant a quarter of a mile from Gretey Bridge, and not 
a quarter of a mile beneth into Tese. 

By Gretey Bridge is a park of the Lord Scropes caullid 
Brignel Parke, Latine bellus Mons. 

Wiske River cummith thorowg Wisk Bridg, wher is no 
howsing, to Danby in citer. ripa, a prati tounlet in Riche- 
montshire a iiii. mile, and of the river is caullid Danby 
Wiske, then to Northalreton abowt a ii. miles of in ulter. 
ripa, so downe to Kirkby village a ... miles, and after 
into Swale. 

Ther is a broke hereabowt caullid Leminges Bek cum- 
ming from Bedal in citer. ripa, a fair market toune, and 
next to Richemont self in the sheere. Thens to Leming c 
village. 

Leming to us ward is a v. mile a this side Keterik Bridg, 
yn the way betwixt Richemont and Yorke. 

Swale above Grenton kepith one botom a ... myles, 
and above that is encresid of many springes resorting to 
Swaledale. 

In the egge of Swaledale is a preaty water cumming 
thoroug Applegarthdale. 

The broket of Applegarthdale cummith into Suale per 
ripam ulteriorem a litle beneth Marske, Mr. Coniers place. 

There is no vale, as I here, in Richmontshir that is 
caullid Uresdale, but the dale that Ure first rennith [to] is 
caullid Wensedale. 

* Nunmonkton. b Greta r. c Learning. 



PART VII 31 

Ther be sum that [say] Ure risith at Mossmore yn Riche- Yorkshire, 
montshire. Ure cummith thoroug Wensedale longing to 
Richemontshir. Thens to Midleham. So to Yorevalx a 
Abbay a ii. miles. To Tanfeld village a vi. miles of in 
utter, ripa, wher is a castel of the Lorde Parrs, and a greate 
wooddy parke. So to Litle Tanfeld a mile on the same 
ripe, where Werkecop the herald dwellith. Hither, as I 
here, both sides of Ure be in Richemontshire. From Litle 
Tanfeld to Ripon aboute a iii. myles. So to Borow Bridge. 

[Skel] cummith on the [one side] of Ripon, [and Ure] on 
the other.* 

Cover River risith, as I here say, in Craven side, [neere 
Skale Parke] and so cumming down [a 2. or 3. miles keepeth 
above a place] caullid Cover-dale, {and so comet h by St. 
Si . . . C^Japel to Coverham, [and soe into Ure.~] 

Mr. Place dwellith at a place caullid Haunoby b a vii. fo. 116. 
mile north est from Richemont. 

Mr. Lasselles dwellith at a faire place by Danby on Wiske, 
a tounlet. 

Mr. Keterik dwellith at Stanewiche having a preaty place. 
It is half a mile est from Cawdewelle village, wher is scene 
the campe of men of warre. 

Tese/V/te afontibus, and so cumming downe by gesse a 
xviii. miles ripa citeriori devidith Richemontshire from the 
bisshoprike (the limes be north). 

Wiske Bridge, a iii. miles a ripa citer. of Tese, devidith 
Richemontshire from Cliveland. 

Richemontshire liith harde apon the borders of Craven- 
land. Part of Yorkshire and Craven liyth south weste from 
Richemontshire. 

There is a place an viii. mile plaine west from Bowis, d 
(Bowis is viii. miles almost ful west from Richemont toun) 
a thorough-fare in Richemontshire, cawllid Maiden Castel, 
where is a greate rounde hepe a 60. foote in cumpace of 

[* The corner and bottom edge of fo. 115 (recto ) being torn, words in 
italics are supplied from Burton. Stow did not copy this page.] 



Jervaulx. *> ? Hornby Grange. Stanwick Park. 

d Bowes. 



32 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, rude stones, sum smaul, sum bygge, and be set in formam 
pyramidis; and yn the toppe of them al ys set one stone in 
conum, beyng a yard and a half in lenghth. So that the hole 
may be countid an xviii. foote hy, and ys set on a hille in 
the very egge of Stanemore. a And this is a limes betwixt 
Richemontshire and Westmerlande. 

A quarter of a mile north from Maiden Castel is a bek 
that goith into Tese. 

Arkengarth dale liith most up north, and bereth sum 
bygge and otys, litle or no woodde, and is devidid from 
Sualedale by a bekk callid after the dale. 

Sualedale litle corne and much gresse, no wodd, but linge 
and sum nutte trees. The woodde that they brenne their 
leade is brought owte of the parte of the shire, and owt of 
Dirhamshir. 

Uredale veri litle corne except bygg or otes, but plentiful 
of gresse in communes. 

Coverdale is worse then Sualedale or Uresdale for corne, 
and hath no woodde but about Coveram Abbay. 

Bisshops Dale liyth right west at the hedde of Coverdale 
more up into Westmerland, having no corn, but deere. In 
these dales and the greate hilles aboute them is very litle or 
no woodde. 

There is a praty car or pole in Bisshops Dale. 

The hole cuntery of Richemontshire by este from the 
hylles and dales ys plentiful of whete, rye and meately good 
medowes and wooddes. 

The beste wooddes liyth be est of Suale and Ure 
rivers. 

In the dales of Richemontshire they burne linge, petes 
and turffes. 

In places where they cutte downe linge good grasse 
springith for the catel for a yere or ii. ontil the ling over- 
grow hit. 

There is plenty of good stone [to] be squarid [in] very 
many places of Richemontshire. 

There be no cole pittes in Richemont ; yet the [eastarly] 
partes of [Riche]montshire burne much [se coles brought 
owt of Dyr]hamshire. 

a Stainmore. 



PART VII 33 

[The shire hath had plenty of tyllage.']* 

The Lorde Conyes hathe a Castell in Richemontshire 
caullyd Horneby, and ther is his usuall dwellynge. 

The Lord Latimer hathe a goodly place at Sinnington in 
Blakemore, not far from Ripon. 

The Striklands hathe a fayre maner place at Thornton 
Bridge a 2. myles from Ripon. Stanford Bridge a 5. myles 
or 6. by est to Yorke toward Kyrkham Priorie, where the 
Danes faught. 

Wreshil a a very fayre and mynion castle of the Pereis sum 
tyme set on Darwent. 

Mowgreue b Castle not far from Whitby somtyme longynge 
to Bygot. Mountferrant Castle not far from Geterington, 
Mast: Bigots place. 

The hedde howse of the Metcalfes is cawlyd Knapper c 
Castle in Richemountshire. 

Myllam Castle in Richemountshire hathe many great 
comodities of redde dere and fallow. 

The very figure of horsshois appere in stones nere the 
Pictes waulle. 

A marchaunt man of Norwyche made halfe the wall of 
Norwiche. 

From Higham ferres f to Bedford by pasture and corne Bcdford- 
grownd a 10 myles. shire. 

The lymes betwixt Northamptonshire and Bedford was 
in the way a 4. myles from Higham Ferrars in the way 
toward Bedforde. 

Newenham a howse of chanons a myle benethe Bedford 
apon the ryver. 

Ther be many holmes, otharwyfe litle isles, in the river 
betwixt Bedforde and Newham. 

Newenham Abbey was translatyd from S. Paules in Bed- 
ford. 

J* Burton (a), fo. 156. This passage is not in Stow, fo. 46. Leland's 
. 5 ends here; Stow continues with the next three pages. Burton 
also ends with Leland.] 
[t This continues the journey. See before, p. 22.] 



Wressell Castle. h Mulgrave. Nappa. 

IV. D 



34 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

S. Paules was a howse of prebendaries afore the conquest. 
One Symon de Bello-campo chaungyd them by a new 
foundation to chanons reguler the whiche in the second 
priors tyme were translatyd to Newenham. 

In Bedford be 7 paroche chirchis 3 in the southe parte of 
use, and 4 in the northe syde, with a place of Grey Friers. 

Bedford 20 myles from Bukyngham and 10 myles from 
Huntingdon. 

From Bedford to Luton a market towne in Bedfordshire 
1 2 myles, moste by corne ground, somwhat hillye and chalkey 
soyle. 

In the hye way I saw hard on eche syde 3 longe trenches, 
as they had bene for men of warre. 

Herts. From Luton to S. Albons 8 miles by woody and enclosyd 
ground; to Barnet 10 myles and other 10 to London, lyke 
soyle. By Barnet is a cornar of Henfeld Chase. a 

Syr Thomas Kiriell was prisoner in Fraunce, and that 
longe aftar that he cam home to libertye he maried one 
Chicheleys Chamberlaine of London's doughtar caulyd 
Elizabethe. This Chicheley dwellid in Hartelane in a syde 
of Towre Strete, where now is the Bakers Hawle. Chicheley 
was brothar to Chycheley Archbyshope of Cauntorbery. 
Aftar Kyryell had this howse by the right of Elizabethe his 
wyfe. Kyryell had no children by hir; aftar his deathe she 
was maried unto Ser Rafe Ascheton, Knyght Marciale, and 
he beinge deade she was thirdly maryed to Ser John Bourcher 
uncle to the last Erie of the Bouchers of Essex, she had 
nevar childe. Edward Poynings made pacte with Boucher 
and Elezabethe to have Ostanger aftar theyr deathe and to 
enter into it they lyuynge, paiet then. . .* Checheleyne of 
London had 24 children. Werewike b village wherby is Were- 
wicke bridg nuly mad apon 4 old arches, apon Eidon c by the 
costes of Mastar Richemont marchant of London. It stond- 
ithe on Eidon river 3 miles above Carluel. 

There be 3 partes in Tame towne. 

[* Hearne's editor suggests that these last four words mean, "they 
leaving paiement till then." The above reading seems the true sense, 
though S tow's copy of the last two words is doubtful.] 

a Enfield Chase. b Warwick, near Carlisle. c Eden r. 



PART VII 



35 



Old Tame in the way from the churche, toward but not Oxfordshire, 
full to the Market Stede. 

The Market Stede and the fayrest parte of the towne to- 
ward London way is cawlyd new Tame. 

The 3 is Prestes ende toward the churche and bridge to- 
ward Haseley. 

There be 2 bayles in Tame and 4 conestables, 2 in the 
new towne, one in the old towne, another in Presteine. 



PART VIII* 

Colleges in Kent. Stow, vol. v, 

WYNGHAM 4. miles and a halfe from Cantwarbyri 
playne est in the hie way betwixt Cantwarbyri and 
Sandwiche. 

Ther is a provoste, vi. prebendaries, besydes othar 
ministers of the churche. 

Pecham archebysshope made this college lyvingef at 
that tyme apon the spirituall mattars and visitations of his 
province. For the Kynge had reteynid the temporallyties 
of the bysshoprike for a tyme. Pecham cumminge with his 
bulles from the bishope of Rome, of whom he receyved by 
gyfte this promotion to Cantewarbyri, enterid the chapiter 
withe the monks, begininge his communication to them with 
thes words : Non vos me eligistis^ sed ego vos elegi. 

Pecham is buried by ... 

Wengham standith on a ... 

Doure river at st . . . 

Wye is a pratie market townelet, and standithe on Doure * 
ripa super, in orient. 7. miles from Cantorbyri. 

There is yerely a grete fayre on Seint Grigori's Day at Wye. 

Kempe a doctor of bothe lawes and also divinite, then 
byshope of Rochester, afterward of Chichester and London ; 
thens translatyd to Yorke, where he was bysshope a xxv. 
yeres ; thens translatyd to Cantewerbyri and made cardinall 
first diacon, and then bysshope. 

* [Vol. vi of Leland's MS. (Gen. Top. 6-13); 'Stow's copy, MS. 
Tanner 464, vol. v, fos. I -52. Thirteen leaves are lost at the beginning, 
the first and last are supplied from Stow, the others are in the Mis- 
cellaneous, vol. viii, of Leland's MS., numbered fos. 55-78. Burton 
only copied a few fragments of this volume. See also p. 47, note *.] 

[T The MS. has lyngc. Hearne reads lyvinge.] 

1 Great Stour. 

37 



38 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Bis primas, ter praesul erat^ bis car dine functus. 

He was a pore husband-man's sonne of Wye, where upon 
for to pray for the sowles of them that set hym to schole, 
and them that otharwyse preferred hym, he made the 
paroche churche of Wye a college in the xxiiii. yere of his 
archbyshopricke of Yorke, whereof the governor is a 
prebendary, and the resydwe be ministers for devine service. 

Asscheforde churche was in a meane to be collegiated by 
the reqwest of one Fogge, an gentilman dwellinge there 
about that was countrowlar to Edward the Fowrthe. But 
Edward dyed or Fog had finished this enterpris. So that 
nowe remaynethe to Ascheforde the only name of a prebend. 
And this place hathe lands, priests and chorsts, but re- 
mevable. For they have no comon-seale. 

Courteney was fowndar of the college of Maydestone, 
where the master is a prebendarie. The residwe be mini- 
stars to synge devyne service. Courtney buildyd muche in 
the towne selfe of Maydestone, and also at the palace ther. 

Leland MS., Noble men lying above the degres in the este ende of 
viii, pag. 55. the cathedrale chyrch of Cantewarbyri.* 

King Henry the 4. and his wife under a piller on the 
northe isle. Edwarde the Blake Prince lyeth right agayne 
hym under a piller by south. He died in the bisshops 
palace at Cantewarbyri, and gave a greate chalice of gold 
and cruettes of gold, beside many other jocales, unto 
Christes Chirch.t And sum [say] that King Richard is ... 
ery benificial to the ... and to the [new] building of the 
body of the [cathed]rale chyrch ... 

Pag. 56. Bisshops buried behynde the waul of the high altare betwixte 

it and the degrees of the est ende. 
Elphege on the northe side. 
Dunstane on the southe side.J 

[* Of the next twelve leaves (MS., vol. viii, pages 55-78), all being 
much torn and mended, the first four contain short and scattered notes. 
P. 62 ends, " buried in the abbay of," p. 41.] 

[t The leaves of Stow's copy, from these words " Christes Chirch," 
as far as the same words on p. 41, have dropped out of his MS.] 

[t Two or three unintelligible fragments of words are all that remain 
on the rest of this page.] 



PART VIII 39 

Bisshoppes lying under the southe side of the pillers on Kent, 
the southe side of the high altare. Pag. 57. 

Simon Suthebyry lyith in a highe tumbe of coper and 
gilte. He was behedid at London by Jak Straw. He buildid 
the waulle of the toune with the towres from the west gate 
to the north gate. 

Strateforde lyith yn a hygh tumbe and an image of stone. 

Kempe lyith yn an high tumbe of marble, but no image 
engrossid on it. 

On the north side of the high altar. 

Tho. Bourcher Cardinal that coronid King Edward the 4., 
King Richard the 3., and Henry the vii. 
Bisshop Chicheley. 

Bisshoppes buried in the Chapel of S. Peter and Paule Pag. 58. 
in a chapel on the south isle of the quier. 

Anselme behynde the altare. 

Mepham in a right goodly tumbe of blake marble. 

In the crosse isle on the south side of the quire. 

Bisshop Winchelsey in a right goodly tumbe of marble at 
the very but ende yn the waulle side. 

In the lower part on ... straite isle ... of the quire. 

Walterus Chauncelare. 
A ... 

In the crosse isle north warde on the quire lay in certein Pag. 59. 
shrines the bones of thes bisshops of Cantorbyry.* 

In the crosse isle that standith bynethe the degrees of the 
quire southward ly buried yn S. Annes Chapelle, 

Simon Langhtoun, for whom the schism bygun betwixt 
King John and the bisshop of Rome. 

This Langton translatid Thomas Bekket, and made the 
exceding hygh, longe and broode haulle in the bisshopes 

[* The blank left by Leland was never filled up.] 



40 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, palace, and made, as I harde, the stately horologe in the 
south crossid isle of the chirche. 

There liyith in this chapel also a nother bisshop of 
Cantewarbyri. 

There lyith also John Counte of So[merset] and a nother 
of them with a lady ... [of Claraunce.] * 

Pag. 60. This chapel be likelihod in this isle was made new for the 
honor of Erie John of Somerset. 

In the south wyndowes of the same goodly chapel be 
written yn the glasse wyndowes these 3. name, John Counte 
of Somerset, The Lorde Percy, The Lord Mortaine; and 
every one with the King armes. 

In the crosse isle betwixt the body of the chirch and 
the quire northward ly buried, 

Pecham. 
And Wareham. 

Also under flate stones of M . . . deane afore prior of 
Lanti . . . and a nother bisshop. 

There lyith the olde prior . . . [was so wel] f letterid . . . 

Pag. 61. These high tumbes of bisshops be in the body of 

the chirche. 

Simon Iselepe. 

Whitelesey borne at Whitelesey in Huntenduneshire, first 
Archdiacon of Huntendune, then bisshop of Rochester, and 
last of Cantewarbyri. 

Arundel under a piller on the north side. King Henry 
the 4. and he helpid to build up a good part of the body of 
the chirch. 

There lyeth x. more.J 

Pag. 62. Bisshopes buried in cryptes. 

Cutheberth. 

Elphege after translatid up behind the high altare. 

Thomas Beket translatid thens. 

[* Words not now visible.] 
[t Cut off in binding.] 

[$ Written on the paper used to repair the leaf, no doubt seen by the 
repairer.] 



PART VIII 41 

Moreton made with Prior Goldestone the great lantern Kent. 
tour in the middle of the chirch. 

A certeine of [the?] bisshops of Cantewarbyri [He?] buried 
n the abbay of ... 

Prior Goldestone the first, 3. priors afore the secunde, Pag. 63. 
buildid the stone tour yn the weste ende of the chyrch. 

The belles that be in the pyramis ledid at the weste ende 
of the chirch have belles caullid Arundelles Ringe. 

There was a mighty great ringe caullid Conradus Ring 
that after was broken & made into a smauller ring, and so 
hanggid up by likelihod in the low closche in the chirch 
yarde, now a late clene pullid doun. 

Goldestone the secunde began the goodly south gate into 
the ministre, and Goldewelle the laste prior at the suppres- 
sion performid it. 

Prior Thomas Chillendene, alias Chislesdene, was the 
greatest builder of a prior that ever was in* Christes Chirche. 
He was a great setter forth of the new building of the body 
of [the] chirch. He buildid of new the goodly cloistre, the 
chapitre house, the new conduit of water, the priors chaum- 
bre, the priors chapelle, the great dormitorie, and the 
frater, the bake house, the brew house, the escheker, the 
faire ynne yn the High Streate of Cantorbyri. And also made 
the waulles of moste of al the circuite, beside the toune 
waulle of the enclosure of the abbaye. 

This Chillendene was a doctor of bothe the lawes or he 
was made a monke: and bisshop Wareham saide that he 
wrote certen commentaries concerning the laws, and that 
clerkely. 

Siberteswalde, now communely caullid Seperwelle," is a Pag. 64. 
village about a 4. miles from Dovar in the wood side on the 
lifte hand goyng to Dovar from Cantewarbyri. 

In the paroche of Barehamdoune b a litle from the wood 

syde, and about a 6. from Dovar, appereth a dikid campe 

of men of warre. Sum say that it was Caesar's cam[p]: sum 

thinke that it was a campe of the Danes. It hath 3. diches. 

The chirch of Dale corruptely caullid Dele c was a pre- 

[* Stow re-commences here, see before, p. 38, note t.] 



Now Sibertswold. b Barham. ' Deal. 



42 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, bende longging of auncient tyme to S. Marlines College in 
Dovor. 

Theobalde Archebisshop of Cantewarbyri in Henry the 
first dayes was the greate causer of translating the colledge 
of S. Martine in Dovor [in a] ... there newly buildid [the] 
. . . blake monkes fetchid [from Cantwarjbyri. 
Pag. 65. There is good plentie of woodde in Weste Kente. The 
partes of Kente beyounde Cantewarbyri hath the name of 
Este Kent, wher yn diverse is sufficient woodde. But on the 
coste from Reculver to aboute Folkestane is but litle. 

Thonge * village is litle more than half a mile from Siding- 
burn. The diches and the kepe hille of Thonge Castle 
appere in a litle wood a 2. flites shotte by south from Thong 
chirche. 

Thong is a mile from the mouth of Milton creke, and 
aboute half a mile from Milton toune if passage were thor- 
ough the marsches the nexte way. 

Miltoun the market is aboute halfe a mile from Siding- 
burn e, a the which, as Master Talbotef thinkith, is so caullid 
by reason of many springges that in the chalke hilles about 
it dooth seeth and boyle oute. The greateste streame of 
springges is in the chalke hilles on the west [end of Siding- 
burn e.] 

Pag. 67. Wyllyam Tille,J alias Celling by his monkes name, by 
cause he was borne at Celling b village about a 2. miles from 
Faversham. This Tylle was the best of al the priors yn good 
letters that was a late yn Christe Chirche yn Cantewurbiry. 
This man was familiar in Bonony with Politiane, c and was the 
setter forth of Linacre to Politiane. 

The very lordeship and manor place, that berith yet the 
name of Badelesmere, ys a 3. miles from Ospring into the 
lande ward by southe. It is now in the Kinges handes. 

The commune burial of the Sellingers hath bene cheiffely 

[* Tong in margin. Now Tonge.] 

[t Robert Talbot, antiquary, born in Northamptonshire. His annota- 
tions of Antonine's Itinerary of Roman Britain are printed by Hearne, 
with lines in his praise by Leland, from the "Encomia," at the end of 
the Itinerary, vol. iii, second edition. See after, p. 47.] 

[t Burton wrote Tilley in the margin.] 



Sittingbourne. b Selling. o Bologna, Poliziano, 






PART VIII 43 

at Ulcombe and at Otterdene. Antony Ager as I harde say Kent, 
comithe of an old Erie of Kent; indede there was afore 
the Conquest an Erie of Kent caullid Alcher.* 

Antony Agers forefathers cam to Otterdene by a division 
of landes of the Seinctligers emong certein doughters, of 
whom Ager maried one. 

There ly buried at Leedes Priory 3. Crevicure, Robert, 
Robert, and Thomas, that be likelihod had the landes here 
in descent. 

The name of Finiox thus cam ynto Kent about King Finntx. 
Edward the 2. dayes. One Creaulle, a man of faire posses- Creall. 
sions yn Kent, was a prisoner in Boleyne in Fraunce, and 
much desiring to be at liberte made his keper to be his 
frend, promising him landes yn Kent if he wold help to de- 
liver hym. Wherapon they booth toke secrete passage and 
cam to Kent, and Creal performid his promise: so that 
after his keper or porter apon the cause was namid Finiox. 
This name continuid in a certain stay of landes ontylle 
Finiox chief Juge of the Kinge's Bench cam that first had 
but 40. li. land. For he had 2. bretherne, and eche of them 
had a portion of lande, and after encresid it onto 200. 
[poundes by the yere. Swjinefeld a [and therabout a 3. myles 
from Folkestane in the way betwixt Cantewarbyry and it, 
was a pece of the landes that] Finiox had of Creal, [and 
ther] be 2. praty manor p [laces] of tymbre. The Juge 
[buildidfa] fairer house [by] Heron b on [purchasyd ground]. 

One of the younger brothers of Finiox the Juge died, and p a g. 69. j 
made the other younger brother his heire. So that now be 
too houses of the Finiox : the heyre of Finiox the Juge, and 
the heire of Justice Finiox brother. 

Olde Finiox buildid his faire house on purchasid ground, 
for the commodite of preserving his helth. So that afore 

[* The original being torn here Burton (to whom vol. viii belonged) 
tried to restore it, but Stow's reading is more correct (as above), except 
that he transposed a sentence.] 

[t A later hand, probably Burton's, re-inked the faded word as 
"built," but the form used by Leland was "buildid."] 

[t Pag. 70 is blank.] 



Swingfield. > Herne. 



44 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, the phisisians concludid that it was an exceding helthfulle 
quarter. 

Creal was man of a very [fayre] * land in Kent ontylle it 
felle to be devydid. 

Sum say that Folchestane Parke was his, and thens cam 
to Clyntons. Ostinghaungre was Creals lordeship, of sum 
now corruptely caullid Westenanger. Poyninges a late hald 
it. The King hath it now. 

Certen of the Crealles were honorably biried at S. Rade- 
gund. 

Creaulles were greate benefactors to houses of religion 
in Est Kent, as appereth by their armes in many glase- 
windois. 

Pag. 71. Owte of a table in the chapel at the est end of the bridge 
entering the toune of Rofecestre from London. 

Syr Robert Knolles founder of the Trinite Chapelle at 
Rochester Bridge. Constance wife to Knolles. 

Syr John Cobham (Lorde) principale benefactor to the 
making of Rofecester Bridge. 

Margaret wife to this Cobham. 

Thomas Boucher Cardinal, 

John Moreton Archebisshop. 

Henry Chicheley Archebisshop. 

Thomas Langeley Bisshop of Dirham. 

John Langedon Bisshop of Rofecester. 

Thomas Arundale Archebisshop. 

Syr John Cornewale. 

Lord Fanhap. 

Richard Whitington. 

William Crowmer. 

Geffrey Boleyne Maire of London. 

John Darby Draper, Alderman of London. 

William Medelton mercer of London. 

fWilliam Martine justice. 

Syr William Notingham chiefe Baron of the Eskeker. 

William Wangeford. 

[* Stow, omitted by Leland.] 

[t Stow annotes the name William "John, sayth M. Lovelace." At 
the head of this list he notes " Rochestar bridge, the foundars.'*] 



PART VIII 45 

Lord John Bukingham Bisshop of Lincoln. Kent. 

John Kempe Bisshop of London. 

Syr William Rich. 

Syr John at Pool. 

Ailesford a 4. miles be lande from Rochester, and there is Pag. 72. 
a faire bridg of ston over the streme.* 

Then be land a 3. miles to Maideston, and there is over 
the water a goodly bridge of stone. It ebbith and floueth 
to Maidestoun. 

Great Farley b is a 2. miles above Maidestoun by land, and 
ther is a goodly bridge of stone. 

At Farley is the greate quarre of hard stone: and in the 
quarters betwixt it and Maideston [A blank here L. T. S.] 

There cummith a water into the great streame about a 2. 
miles beyound Farley caullid Lowse. c It is no very greate 
brooke. Louse village standeth a myle-warde into the land 
above the confluence of it with] Medewege Ryver. 

Tounebridge* is a 16. m[iles from] Rofecester by lande. 

Teston Bridg of stone a ... of. 

Twiford Bridge of stone a mile dim. of. And at this Pag. 73.* 
stone bridg stonding on the mayne streame of Medewege, 
and at a mylle a litle above it, be confluence of 3. streames, 
as one cumming yn ripa citeriori^ a nother ulteri.^ and Mede- 
wege running in the midle. 

A quarter of a mile or more above Twiford Bridge of 
stone ys Yalling p a praty tounelet, and ther is a bridge. 

Thens upward to Brambridge of stone. 

From Brammebridge of stone ther is no very notable 
bridg on to Tounbridge. 

The castelle of Rochester stondith at the bridge ende Pag. 77. 
entering the toune. 

Going oute of Rochester to Cantewarbyri remainith the 
most parte of a mervelus strong gate. Gates no mo appere 
there that be communely usid. 

In the waulles yet remaine a vi. or vii. toures. 

There be in the toune . . . paroche chirches. The 

[* Pages 74-76 are blank.] 



The Medway. * Farleigh. c Loose. 

d Tonbridge. c Yalding. 



4 6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, cathedral chirch and the palace with other buildings there 
occupiith half the space of the cumpace within the walles of 
Rofecestre.* 

Stow, v, From Fevarsham to Cantwarbyry 7. miles, 
fo. 6 v. From Whitestaple to Cantorbery 3. miles. 

From Heron to Cantwarbyry 4. miles. 

From Assheford to Cantewerbyry u. miles. 

From Wy to Cantewarbyry 7. miles. 

From Chilham to Cantewerbyry 4. miles, 
fo. 7. From Cantewerbyre to Forde a 5. miles. 

From thens to Raculfe a mile. 

From Cantewerbyry to Sandwiche 7. miles as they say 
comonly; but it is 8. miles. 

From Cantwarbyry to Dover 12. miles. 

From Cantewarbyre to Folkestane a 10. miles. 

From Cantwarbyre to Hithe 12. myles. 

From Cantwarbyre to Lynhil xi. miles. 

From Cantwarbyre to Apledour xvi. miles. 

From Cantwarbyry to Cranbroke xx. miles: that is xi. 
miles to Asshford, and ix. miles to Cranbroke. 

From Sandewiche to Dover aboute a 7. miles. 

From Dover to Folchestane v. miles. 

From Folchestan to Hythe 4. litle myles. 

From Hithe to Holde Hithe, alias West Hithe, about 2. 
myles. Mastar Twyne saythe that this was the towne that 
was burnid alonge on the shore, where the ruines of the 
churche yet remayne. 

The castle selfe of Lymehille a is of some caullyd Belle- 
anow. 

The castle of Thorne, b now all clene ruine, apon a toppe 
of a hille a myle by este from Maydstone. It longethe now 
to yong Cutte.f 

Ailington, c sometyme the Graies Castle, as in Henry the 

[* Here end the eleven leaves bound into vol. viii of the original. 
Stow, however, continues with what must have occupied another leaf, 
now lost, before coming to the (present) first leaf of vol. vi (" The eldest 
manor place," see p. 71).] 

[t Castrum Godardi, marginal note by Stow. See Part IV, fo. 50 
(vol. ii, p. 30) as to the Cutte family.] 



a Lympne or Lymne. b Thornham. v c Allington. 



PART VIII 47 

3. and Edward the third's dayes: sence the Savels and Kent. 
Wiats. 

Harte hathe the plotte and site of a castel toward Craye 
Water. 

Grenewich. Pag. 125.* 

Wulwich. 

Dertford. 

Erith. 

Gravesend. 

Rochester. 

Maidestonf (Mr. Talbot. Maidstone corruptely for Med- Pag. 126. 
wegetoun. Peraventur corruptely for Ailston, for yt stondeth 
on the river of Aile, and so doeth Ailsford J) is a market 
town of one long streat wel builded and ful of ynnes. The 
ruler of the town ther is cawlled Port Rive. Ther is yn the 
town a fair college of prestes. The castel standeth abowt 
the myddes of the town, being well maynteynid by the 
Archebisshop of Cant. Ther is the commune gayle or 
prison of Kent, as yn the shire town. 

Ailesford. 

[* The next pages concerning Kent, as far as pp. 70. 7* (? 145 f the 
MS.) are taken from Lelancrs " Collectanea, vol. iii, pp. 126-145 
(MS. Gen. top. c. 3) printed by Hearne as part of the Appendix to his 
vol. vii (p. 115). We thus have together all Leland's notes on Kent, 
the narrative for which was probably never written ; he regarded the county 
as "the key {i.e. quay] of al England," and evidently contemplated an 
important portion of his work thereon. See p. 57.] 

[t These names were written, like others in the quarto MSS., with 
spaces between them to be filled in.] 

[ These two interlined notes may have been written at different 
times, though both by Leland. The first stands on the left, the other on 
the right of the title " Maideston." Hearne says this was " Master 
Talbot of Norwiche " quoted by Leland. Burton (a) fos. 1 57 to middle 
of p. 162 copied (with some omissions) the portion of this part from 
" Maideston " above to the end of the paragraph beginning " The water 
of Stur," on p. 70.] 



48 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Greveney.* 

Pag. 127. Sandwic, on the farther side of the ryver of Sture, is 
meatly welle walled wher the town stondeth most in 
jeopardi of ennemies. The residew of the town is dichid 
and mudde waulled. Ther be yn the town iiii. principal 
gates, iii. paroche chyrches, of the which sum suppose that 
S. Marye's was sumtyme a nunnery. Ther is a place of 
Whit freres, and an hospital withowt the town fyrst ordened 
for maryners desesid and hurt. Ther is a place wher the 
monkes of Christ Chirch did resort when they were lordes 
of the towne. 

The caryke that was sonke yn the haven yn Pope Paulus 
tyme did much hurt to the haven, and gether a great banke. 
The grounde self from Sandwiche to the haven, and inward 
to the land is caullid Sanded Bay. 

Syr Eduard Ringesle. hath a tour, or pile, byyond the 
mouth of the haven on the shore. 

Stonard* ys yn Thanet, fumtyme a prety town not far 
from Sandwich. Now appereth alonly the ruine of the 
chirch. Sum ignorant people cawle yt Old Sandwiche. 

Deale, half a myle fro the shore of the se, a fisscher 
village iii. myles or more above Sandwice, is apon a flat shore 
and very open to the se, wher is a fosse or a great bank 
artificial betwixt the towne and se, and beginneth aboute 
Deale, and rennith a great way up toward S. Margaret's 
Clyfe, yn so much . that sum suppose that this is the place 
where Caesar landed in aperto litore. Surely the fosse was 
made to kepe owte ennemyes there, or to defend the rage 
of the se ; or I think rather the castinge up beche or pible. 

Northburn ii. myles and more from the Se almost againe 
Deale. A ii. myles or more fro Sandwich, from Northburn 
cummeth a litle fresch water yn to Sandwich haven. At 
Northburn was the palayce, or maner, of Edbalde Ethel- 
bert's Sunne. There but a few yeres syns yn breking a side 
of the walle yn the hawle were found ii. childerns bones that 
had bene mured up as yn burielle yn tyme of Paganite of the 

[* Greyne, the Isle of Grain. See after, pp. 52, 58.] 



a Stonar. 



PART VIII 49 

Saxons. Among one of the childerns bones was found a Kent, 
sty fife pynne of laten. 

Walmer is about a mile from Dele shore, and looke, as 
from the farther syde of the mouth of Dovre the shore is 
low to Walmer, so is the shore al cliffy and hy from VValmere 
to the very point of Dovar Castel, and there the shore falleth 
flat, and a litle beyound the toune of Dovar the shore clyvith 
to Folkestane. 

From Walmer to S. Margarete's ii., and 2. miles to Dovar. 

One Thomas Laurence in Bisshop Morton's dayes made a 
pere or gitty at S. Margarete's. 

Langdune a village ii. myles a this side Dovar, where as a 
late was suppressed a howse of channons regular. 

The names of the v. portes.* 

Sandwich. Dovar. Hy ve alias Hide. Rumeney. Hastinges. 
The chefe court of the lord of the v. portes ys kept at the 
est part of Lymme Hylle. By Lymme a is a place cawled 
Shipway or Shipeye, and of sum yt is cawlled the old rode. 

From Dovar to Folkesten v. mile. From Folkestan to 
Hithe 3. mile. From Hithe to Lira hille 3. mile. From 
Limhille to Rumeney vii. miles. From Hithe to Rumeney vii. 
From Rumeney to Lidde b 2. miles. From Rumeney to 
Appledour vii. From Lidde to Appledour vii. Appledour 
is about a xii. miles of from Limene. c From Apledor to Rie 
v. miles. From Rumeney to Rye vii. 

Dovar ys xii. myles fro Canterbury, and viii. myles fro Pag. 128. 
Sandwich. There hath bene a haven yn tyme past, and yn 
token therof the ground that lyith up betwyxt the hilles is 
yet in digging fownd wosye. Ther hath be fownd also peces 
of cabelles and anchores, and Itinerarium Antonini cawleth 
hyt by the name of a havon. The towne on the front toward 
the se hath bene right strongly walled and embateled, and 
almost al the reside w ; t but now yt is partly fawlen downe, 

(* See note after, p. 56.] 
t The words " and residew " were interlined when the note " How- 
beyt dyked " was added in the margin ; hence the inconsistency with 
"The residew never waulled " which remained unaltered.] 



* Lympne. b Lydd. c ? Lyminge. 

IV. E 



50 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, and broken downe. Cougate, Crosse gate, Bochery gate, 

stoode with toures toward the se. There is beside Betingate 

and Westegate. The residew of the town, as far as I can 

perceyve, was never waulled. (Howbeyt M. Tuine*tol me a 

late that yt hath be walled abowt, but not dyked.) The 

towne is devided in to vi. paroches, whereof iii. be under 

one rofe at S. Marlines yn the hart of the town. The other 

iii. stand abrode, of the which one is cawled S. James of 

Rudby, or more likely Rodeby, d statiom navium. But this 

word is not sufficient to prove that Dovar showld be that 

place, the which the Romaynes cawlled portus Rutupi or 

Rutupinum. For I can not yet se the contrary but Rates- 

boro, otherwise cawled Richeboro by Sandwich, both ways 

corruptly, must neades be Rutupinum. The mayne, strong, 

and famose castel of Dovar stondeth on the toppe of a hille 

almost a quarter of a myle of fro the towne on the lyft side, 

and withyn the castel is a chapel, yn the sides wherof appere 

sum greate Briton brykes. In the town was a great priory 

of Blake monkes, late suppressed. Ther is also an hospitalle 

cawlled the Meason Dew. On the toppe of the hye clive 

betwene the towne and the peere remayneth yet, abowt a 

flyte shot up ynto the land fro the very brymme of the se 

clyffe, a ruine of a towr, the which hath bene as a pharos or 

a mark to shyppes on the se; and therby was a place of 

Templarys. As concernyng the river of Dovar it hath no long 

cowrse from no spring or hedde notable that descendith to 

that botom. The principal hed, as they say, is at a place 

cawlled Ewwelle, a and that is not past a iii. or iiii. myles fro 

Dovar. Ther be springes of frech waters also at a place 

cawled Rivers. Ther is also a great spring at a place 

cawlled . . . and that ones in a vi. or vii. yeres brasteth owt 

so abundantly, that a great part of the water cummeth into 

Dovar streme, but els yt renneth yn to the se bytwyxt Dovar 

and Folchestan, but nerer to Folchestan, that is to say withyn 

a ii. myles of yt. Surely the hedde standeth so that it might 

[* John Twyne, schoolmaster, antiquary, and scholar, Sheriff of 
Canterbury in 1544-5, Member of Parliament 1553. He was grand- 
father of Bryan Twyne, the Oxford antiquary. 



a Temple Ewell. 



PART VIII 51 

with no great cost be brought to run alway into Dovar Kent, 
streame. 

S. Radegundis a standeth on the toppe of a hille iii. litle 
myles by west and sumwhat by sowth fro Dovar. There be 
white chanons, and the quier of the chyrche is large and 
fayr. The monastery ys at this tyme metely mayntayned, 
but yt appereth that yn tymes past the buildinges have bene 
ther more ample then they be now. There is on the hille 
fayre wood, but fresch water laketh sumtyme. 

Lucanus libra 8.* Pag. 129. 

Aut vaga cum Thetis, Rutupinaque littora fervent, 
Unda Caledonios fallit turbata Britannos. 

Juvenalis Satyra 4. 

Cedamus patria, vivat Arturius is t hie, 
Et Catulus 

Juvenalis Satyra 5. 

Regem aliquem capies, aut de temone Britanno 
Excidet Arviragus. 

Eadem Satyra. 

Rutupinove editafundo 

Ostrea callebant primo deprendere morsu. 

Lucanus libro 2. 
Territa quaesitis ostendit terga Britannis. 

Julius Caesar libro 5. de bello Gallico. 

Ex his omnibus longe sunt humanissimi, qui Cantium 
incolunt. 

xv. miles be water from Rochester to Quinborow b that Pag. 130. 

[* This and the following Latin lines occupy the top of the page 
opposite the passage as to the name Rutupinum. Burton (a) p. 160 
copied them after the passage relating to Lympne, ending " al se," (our 
P. 66).] 

St. Radigund Abbey. b Queenborough. 



52 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, stondit on the very west point of Shepey, and it is yn 
Shepey. 

Thre miles up thens by an arme of the Tamise to Milton. 

xv. miles fro Rochestre to the point agayn Quinborow en- 
tering into the mayne Tamise. And thens to Grevesend by 
water xx. miles. 

Ingreyne Isle a cumpacid at the floode one paroche chirch. 
It liyth west on Quinborow, ripa citeriori to Quinborow. 

One John Warner, a marchant of Rochester, made the 
new coping of Rochestre Bridg, and Bisshop Warham the 
yren barres. 

v. miles to Ailesford by land from Rochestre. 

vi. miles from Rochester to Alington. 

Maideston.* 

Cantorbyri. 
Pag. 131. Gul Thome. 

Marianus Anno. D. 776. Dorobernia igm consumpta est. 

Augustinus primam habuit habitationem Doroberni in loco 
qui appellatur Stablegate. 

Ethelbertus dedit Augustino palatmm suum intra muros ut 
ibidem Christo eccles. erigeret. 

Fanum idolorum Ethelberti extra muros conversum in eccle- 
siolam S. Pancratii. Ethelbertus paulo post Petro et Paulo 
templum posuit. 

E primo libro historiae Eadmeri patet Lanfrancum eccle- 
siam Christi cum officinis a Danis combustam restituisse^ et 
praeterea in eadem urbe strenue aedificasse. 

Loke for destruction of Cantorbyri in Rochester. 

Simon Sudbyri restorid and set up againe a good peace 
of Canterbyri waulles, and if he livid lenger he had made 
up alle. 

Raculfe alias Reculver. Gul. Thome. Brightwaldus abbas 
tempore Lotharii regis Raculfensis factus archiepiscopus Can- 
tuar. Gervasius. Eadredus rex f rater Edmundi Senioris dedit 
Raculf ecclesiae Christi. 

[* Some poor scrawls indicating the position of London and the Isle 
of Sheppey, with the direction of the Thames and the Medway between 
them, occupy the lower part of p. 130. They are not worth reproducing.] 

a Isle of Grain. 



PART VIII 53 

From Heron' that standith sumwhat pointing ynto the Kent. 
seward a sinus is to Reculver ward, and so up to Raculfe. 

From Heron to Reculver is by the shore about a ii. myle 
non clivoso sed aperto littore. 

From Reculver to Northmouthe the sinus continuith that 
beginneth from Heron, and thens to Gore ende it goith on 
again into a point of chalke clives. 

Ecbrightus patruelis. 

Domneva. 

Gotcelinus. 

Ecbertus rex dedit Domnevae in solatium fratrum suorum 
interemptorum (scilicet a Thunnor) Ethelredi et Etheberti apud 
Estrey octuag. aratijugera in Thanet. 

Hengist and Hors had Thanet. 

Eustachius le Moyne navarcha Franc, deduxit Ludovicum 
ad Thanet 600. navibus et 80. coggis. 

S. Florentius jacet in cemiterio S. Mariae in Thanet. Joancs. 

Simeon Dunelmensis. Insula quae Saxonice dicitur Thenet, 
Britannice vocatur Inisruyn^ peraventure Moilroyn of fre- 
quenting of selis. 

Beda 25. cap. i. libri. Thanatos insula 600. familiar urn, 
quam a continenti terra secernit flu. Wantsinu* qui est lati- 
tudinis circiter trium stadiorum^ et 2. tantum in locis est trans- 
meabilis. Utrumque enim caput in mare protendit. In hoc 
applicuit S. Augustinus cum sociis 40. 

The Isle of Thanet, be likelihod Toliapis Ptolemaeo. Gul. 
Thorne. Dani tempore Cutheberti Cantuar. archiepiscopi sin- 
gulis annis devastabant Thanet^ et monachas de Minstre 
spoliabant. 

Anno D. ion. Suanus rex Danorum destruxit insulam 
Thanet et monaster. Domnenae funditus delevit. 

Anno. D. 1027. Canutus rex dedit terras S. Mariae de 
Minstre monaster. Aug. Cantuar. 

Alfredus Beverlacensis. Alcher comes cum Cantuariis et 
Wada cum Sudrois pugnavere in Thanat cum Danis^ ubi 
Alcher et Wada * occisi. Huntingdune libra quinto haec tri~ 
buit 1 8 anno ^Etheluolphi. 

[* Leland corrects the second Wada to Penda, written above it.] 



Hernc. b Wantsum r. 



54 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Richeburge. GotcelinusadfirmatAugustinumvenisseRiche- 
burge ad Ethelbertum. 

Scalae Chronicon. Eustache le Moyne, Admiral of France, 

was taken and behedid on the sandes by Huberte de 

Dovar. Burgo constabul of Dovar Castelle with help of the v. 

portes. Eustache had a great navy, and Hubert had but 

8. shipes. 

Huntendun. libra 5.* Anno 6. Edwardi 3. ante conquestum 
Lothen et Hirlinge principes Danorum depraedati sunt Sand- 
wike. 

Godewine Sandes. Hubert was made Erie of Kent, and 
chief Justice of England. 

Huntingdun libro quinto. Athelstanus rex et dux Cant. 
Heather vicerunt Danos apud Sandwic navali praelio 16. 
Ethehiuolphi regis West-Sax. 

Portus Ritiipis Anton. Rutupiae Ptolemaeo. Rutupinae 
Ammiano Marcellino. 

Sandewiche. Ex donat. Ethelredi regis. An. 979. Ethelred 
dedit Sandwic et Estrey* eccles. Christi Cantuar. GuL Mal- 
mesbiriensis cap. 55. Cnuto.\ Sandwicumappulit. Ibihumano 
et divino jure contempto obsides quos habebat, mag. nobilitatis 
et elegantiae pueros^ manibus et auribus truncatos^ quosdam 
eviravit. Sic in insontes grassatus patriam repetiit. 

Gervasius. Cnuto dedit eccles. Christi portum de Sand- 
wiche. 
Pag. 132. The Dele (and the Fosse). { 

Thomas Wikes Anno Dom. 1261. rex Henricus 3. recepit 
castellum de Dovar> quod Hugo Bigot occupaverat. 

Ex Chronic. Tinemutensis Monaster. Franci Dovarum 
spoliant et incendunt, occiso sene monacho in prioratu. 

Ex Supplement Histor. Gervasii. Ludovicus filius regis 
Franc, et ejus fautores obsidebant castr. de Dovar. et in fine 
confusus recessit. 

Ptoleme speketh nothing of Dovar. 

Dovar. Ex Chronicis Bibliothecae S. Petri de Cornehul 

[* (5) Sic in MS. Hearne rightly corrects it to 6.] 
[t A blank in MS. Hearne inserted the word cnuto.] 
[J These words between ( ) are struck out.] 



Estree. 



PART VIII 55 

Londini. Henricus rexfilius Henr. 2 1 . regis dedit totam Can- Kent. 
tiam cum castellis deDovaret Roches tre Philippo comitiFlandr. 
Leland. sed Philippus nunquam ea possedit. 

Cantium promontorium Carion Diodoro Siculo libro 6. 
Bibliothecae. 

Dovar with the Castel. 

Ex Chronico Dovar monaster. Julius Caesar pugnavit cum 
Britannis et Cassivallano super Barendoune, ut patet per 
acervos, ubi corpora occisorum tumulata cumulatim non longe 
a villa de Bregge. 

Arviragus rex finnavit castrum de Dovar contra Ro. et 
castrum de Richeburgh. 

Lucius rex fecit ecclesiam in castro de Dovar. 

Camera Guaenorae, Aula Arturii^ et ossa Walwani inter- 
fecti per Mordredum sunt in castro de Dovar. 

Eadbaldus Ethelberti mag. filius motore Laurentio archi- 
episcopo instituit canon, in eccles. castri de Dovar. Canonici 
remoti d castro in villam de Dovar procurante Withredo rege, 
qui eccles. S. Martini in villa de Dovar pro eis construxit^ ubi 
manserunt 400. annis et amplius. Henricus primus canon, 
colleg. in colleg. monachonim convertit novo in hos usus 
constructo monasterio. 

Gul. Gemeticensis. Eustachius Boloniensis consilio quorun- 
dam Cantiorum transfretavit ut dolo castellum de Dover 
occuparet: sed milites Odonis Baiocani episcopi^ et Hugo de 
Monte forti prohibuerunt. 

Folkestane. Her. Bradshaw. Eanswida filia Eadbaldi Folkestan. 
regis Cant, ex Emma filia regis Franc. 

Gervasius. Canutus villam de Folchestane Cantuariensi 
restituit ecclesiae cum appendiciis. 

Sum say that the castelle of Rose in sum evidence is 
caullid Joseph's Castel. 

Rose Castelle. Ex Chronico ecclesiae Christi Cantuar. 
MatildiS) Henrici primi mater^ restituit castellum de Rosa 
Cantuar. ecclesiae. 

(Looke that this be not Chilham Castel that ons the 
Lorde Ros had.) 

Chilham Castel is now almoste doune. 

Saltwood. Ex Chronico eccles* Christi Cantaur. Halfden 
unus ex principibus Canuti dedit Saltwood eccles. Christi 
Cantuar. 



5 6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Hithe. 

Pag. 133- 

Lyme. 

Portus Lemanis a Antonino. Of this Haven Ptoleme 
makith no mention. 

At/ijjv, tVoe, 6. Portus. Limenarcha, the Lord Warden of 
the Portes. 

S. Nerarius socius S. Augustini inventus estjuxta castrum 
Bellocariae. 

Rumeney. 

The name of the v. havens as they be now taken. 
Hastinges, Winchelsey, Rumeneye, Dovar, Sandwiche.* 
Pag. 134. Appledour. Asserio Historicus. Exercitus Danorum apud 
Apuldran^ et postea perrexit ad Scobrige et ripas Sabrinae. 
Hie exercitus veneraf ex orient, regno Francorum usque Bono- 
niam, et inde anno D. 892. intravit 350. navibus in ostium 
Limenaeflu. et non longe a flu. in loco qui Apuldran didtur 
fecerunt castellum firmissimum. 

Gervasius. Canutus dedit ecclesiae Christi Apuldour. 

The Ryver of Limene. Asserio. Limeneflu. currit de sylva 
mag. quae vocatur Andreadeswald. 

Andredeswalde. Asserio. Sylva Andreadeswalde habet in 
longitudine ab oriente yn occidentem milliaria 120. et eo am- 
pliuS) et in latitudine 30. 

The Isle of Oxeney. 

Remembre to conclude with promise to write a booke in 
Latine of the Kinges edifices, as Procopius did of Justi- 
nianes the Emperor. 
Pag. 135. The Vineyarde. 

Beanflete. Ex historia Asserionis. Ethehed comes Merc. 
jussu Alfredi regis munitionem Danorum obsedit^ fregit> et 
innumera spolia ibidem accepit. Post autem Hastingus iterum 
veniens Beanfletam reparavit. 

Hedelege. b 

[* This differs from the list on p. 49.] 



a Lympne, b FHadlow, 



PART VIII 57 

The commodites of Kent, as fertilite, wood, pasture, Kent, 
catel, fisch, foule, ryvers, havens with shippes emong the v. 
portes most famose, and royale castelles and tounes, and the 
faith of Christe there firste restorid. 

* Let this be the firste chapitre of the booke. 

Caesar in 5. libro de bello Gallico praysith the humanite 
of the Kentisch men. 

The King hymself was borne yn Kent. 

Kent is the key of al Englande. [Key, .*., 

Gervasius monachus ecclesiae Chris f I in sua historia. quay. 
Cantiani primas ab antiquo obtinent in Anglicani exercitus L. T S.] 
expeditione. 

Cowling. 

Ptoleme makith no mention of Rochester, caulling it 
Durobrevum.f 

Rochester on Medewege Ryver. Roger Hovedene. AnnoD. Pag. 136. 
884. Pagani obsederunt Rofecestre^ sed resistentibus ambus 
Aluredus rex cum exercitu supervenit^ et paganos ab obsidione 
ad naves compulit, relicta ibi arce quam exstruxerant ante 
portas urbis. Hovedene. Anno D. 946. Ethelredus civitatem 
Rofi obsedit^ et visa capiendi difficultate iratus decessit et terras 
S. Andriae devastavit. 

Hoveden. Anno D. 1006. classis Danorum Sandwicum sub- Safidwik. 
iit Cant. caede et incendio devastans. Hovedene. Anno jD.ion. Cantuaria 
Dani obsessam Cantuariam insidiis Edmeri archidiaconi capi- obsessa. 
unt igne et gladio omnia defoedantes decimatis toties monachis 
et capto Elphego archiepiscopo. Hovedune. Tempore Edmundi Alaunium. 
Irenside Danifugati ad Shepey^ et inde ad Asshendun. Ailington. 

Ex historia addita Eulogio his for. AnnoD. 1 388. Robertus Maideston 
Knotty s aedificavit et construi fecit pontem Rofensem. Joannes corruptepro 
Sever. Joannes rex % cepit castrum Rofense, in quo Gut. de 
Albineto et alii barones. Ex Supplemento Histor. Gervasii. 
Anno D. 1264. Gitbertus de Clare tempore belli baron, obse- 
di una cum Joan, filio Joannis Rofam^ et habuit cum eo very sore 

siege 

[* Leland sets a mark against this paragraph to remind himself. 
This and the third paragraph preceding seem to refer to his intended 
book De Antiquitate Britannica^ see " New Year's Gift," vol. i, p. xlii.] 

[t Sic. Leland apparently means that Ptolemy mentions Dover where 
he should say Rochester. ] 

[ MS. has obsesrit.} 



58 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Joannem Hastinges^ et Nicolaum Segrave. Rogerus Leyburn 
fuit capitalis constabularius castri pro Henr. 3. Joan, comes 
Waren, Joannes films Alani comes Arundel, GuL de Breose. 
Leyburn ante feferat suburbium et bonam partem villae et 
prioratus comburi versus Cantuar. Simon de Monteforti ex 
altera parte apud Stroode bis repulsus fuit a civibus. Tertio 
tamen cum igne max. in navicula vi intravit in die Parasceues. 
Et cum castrum pene captum Simon consilio Londinensium 
Simon cum suis obsidionem reliquit. Pakington in his Frenche 
Chronike * doth name Henry Dalemayn as one of the 
defenders of the Castel with Leyburne. 

Cuningborow t and Shepey, and Minster yn it. Also Gre- 
reney (alias Greyne) and Hertey. a Shepey by likelihod is 
caullid of Ptoleme Caunos. 

Gotcelinus in vita S. Sexburgae. Schepey ab Occident, plaga 
Cantuar. sita 7. milliar. protrahit longit. 3. autem milliaribus 
in latum extenditur. Tamesia 2. flu. ex se divisa in oceanum 
porrigit, et eandem ins. hinc inde undis alluentibus cingit. 
Hie Sexburga monaster. condidit. Rogerus Hovedene. Anno 
D. 854. mag. paganorum exercitus hyetnavit in Shepege. 

Ex chronico collegii regalis Oxonii. Anno \^^.Eduardus 
3. castellum apud Shepey aedificavit de novo. 

The Isle of Hemely b lying betuixt Shepeye and the 
r mayne lande of Kente from above Kinge's Feri toward the 
shore of the arme up towards Feversham. 

2. Ferys in to Shepey, one for them that cum from Lon- 
don to Sidenbourne, d and this is aboute a mile from Milton 
upwarde; the other is % 

Midleton (Mylton\ Thong and Faversham. Gotcelinus 
Monachus in vita Sexburgae filiae Annae regis. A Cant, 
meditullio Midleton sortitur vocabulum, ad cujus eccles.portum 

f* MS. in error, Chonike.] 

[t Apparently Queenborough. " It " refers to the Isle of Sheppey.l 

B Blank in MS.] 

[ Leland corrects Midleton by Mylton, but in the second instance 
seems uncertain, Milotun being inserted over Mylton, although he 
writes Midleton two lines lower down.] 



* Isle of Harty. b Elmley Is. 

c Faversham. d Sittingbourne. 



PART VIII 59 

confugit. Asserio. Anno D. 892. Hastengus vent/ cum 80. Kent. 
navibus in ostium Tamensisflu. fedtque sibi firmiss. oppidum 
apud Mideltunam in australi ripa Tamesis. Gervasius. 
Kenulphus rex dedit Wilfrido archiepiscopo Mylton* Hun- 
tendune libro 6. Quidam vero milites Godwini comitis jam 
exulantis propter offensum Eduardum regem exeuntes Midle- 
ton villam regis combusserunt. 

The town of Cantorbyri ys waulled, and hath v. gates Pag. 137. 
thus named: Westgate, Northgate, Burgate, now cawlled 
Mihelsgate ; S. Georges Gate, Riders Gate, the which John 
Broker, mayr of the town, did so diminisch that now cartes 
can not for lownes passe thorough yt. Worthegate, the 
which leadeth to a streate cawlled Stone Streat, and so to 
Billirica, now Curtopstreat. In the towne be xiiii. paroche 
chirches, and the cathedral chyrch of blak monkes. Withowt 
the walles be iii. paroche chyrches. The monastery of 
S. Augustine, blak monkes: S. Gregoryes, blak chanons: 
Monasterium S. Sepulchri^ ubi olim Templarii^ postea sacrae 
virgines. The hospital of S. John of men and women of the 
fundation of the bisshops of Canterbury. The hospital of 
S. Laurence for women alone, of the fundation of the ab- 
bates or S. Augustine. An hospital within the town on 
the Kinges bridge for poore pylgrems, and way faring men. 
Zenodochium pauperum sacerdotum. Zenodochiolum cog. 
Minorum intra muros fundatoribus urbanis. Coenobia fra- 
trum intra urbem y videlicet Dominicanorum^ Augustinensium, 
Franciscanorum. 

Heron is a chapel to Reculver. 

Reculver ii. myles and more be water, and a mile dim. by 
land, beyownd Heron, ys fro Canterbury v. goode myles, 
and stondeth withyn a quarter of a myle or litle more of the 
se syde. The towne at this tyme is but village lyke. Sum- 
tyme wher as the paroche chyrch is now was a fayre and a 
greate abbay, and Brightwald archbisshop of Cant, was of 
that howse. The old building of the chirch of the abbay re- 
may neth having ii. goodly spiring steples. Yn the enteryng 
of the quyer ys one of the fayrest, and the most auncyent 
crosse that ever I saw, a ix. footes, as I ges, yn highte. It 
standeth lyke a fayr columne. The base greate stone ys not 

* See note () on previous page. 



60 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, wrought. The second stone being rownd hath curiusly 
wrought and paynted the images of Christ, Peter, Paule, 
John and James, as I remember. Christ sayeth, ego sum 
Alpha et w. Peter sayith, Tu es Christus filius del vivi. The 
saing of the other iii. wher painted majusculis literis Ro. but 
now obliterated. The second stone is of the Passion. The 
iii. conteineth the xii. Apostles. The iiii. hath the image 
of Christ hanging and fastened with iiii. nayles, and sub 
pedibus sustentaculum. The hiest part of the pyller hath the 
figure of a crosse. In the chirch is a very auncient boke of 
the Evangelyes in majusculis literis Ro. and yn the bordes 
therof ys a christal stone thus inscribid: CLAVDIA. ATE- 
PICCVS. Yn the north side of the chirch is the figure of a 
bisshop paynted under an arch. In digging abowte the chyrch 
yard they find old bokels of girdels and ring. The hole pre- 
cint of the monastery appereth by the old walle, and the 
vicarage was made of ruines of the monastery. Ther is a 
neglect chapel owt of the chyrch yard wher sum say was a 
paroch chirch or the abbay was suppressed and given to the 
bisshop of Cant. Ther hath bene much Remain mony 
fownd abowt Reculver. 

Reculver is now scarce half a mile from the shore. But it 
is to be supposid that yn * tymes paste the se cam hard to it. 
Gore ende a 2. mile from Northmouth, and at Gore ende is 
a litle straire f caullid Broode Staires to go doune the clive: 
and about this shore is good taking of mullettes. The great 
raguseis ly for defence of wind at Gore ende. And thens 
againe is another sinus on to the Foreland. 

Morton pretending in wynning his marisches to make a 
new haven in Thenet. 

Thanet is yn lenghthe fro NordmuthJ to Sandwich yn 
strayt yorney vii. miles and more, and in brede from the 
river of Sture, that goith not far from Mynstre a to Mergat, 
that is to say from sowth tOsnorth, a iiii. myles, and so is yn 
circuit by estimation a xvii. or xviii. myles. At Northmuth 

[* Yn not in the MS.] [t Sic.} 

[J Northmouth or Genlade, the mouth of the old river Wantsum, near 
Reculver.] 



Minster, 



PART VIII 61 

where the entery of the se was, the salt water swellith yet Kent, 
up at a creeke a myle and more toward a place cawled 
Sarre, which was the commune fery when Thanet was fulle 
iled. 

Margate * is about a mile a this side the ponte of Sand- 
wich haven. 

Ther hath bene a xi. paroche chyrches in Thanet, of the 
which iii. be decayed, the residew remayne. 

In the isle is very litle wodde. 

Ther cum at certen tymes sum paroches owt of Thanat 
to Reculver a myle of as to ther mother chyrche. 

Sum paroches of the isle at certen tymes cummeth to 
Minstre, being in the isle, as to theyr mother and principal 
chyrch. 

Margate lyith in S. John's paroche yn Thanet a v. myles 
upward fro Reculver, and there is a village and a peere for 
shyppes, but now sore decayed. 

Ramesgate a iiii. myles upward in Thanet, wher as is a Pag. 138. 
smaul peere for shyppis. 

The shore of the Isle of Thenet, and also the inward part 
is ful of good quarres of chalke. 

Ratesburgh, otherwyse Richeboro, a 

was or ever the ryver of Sture dyd turn his botom or old 

canale withyn the Isle of Thanet, and by lykelyhod the mayn 

se cam to the very foote of the castel. The mayn se ys now Veer Erie of 

oft of yt a myle by reason of wose, that hath there swollen up. 

The site of the old town or castel ys wonderful fair apon an 

hille. The walles the wich remayn ther yet be in cumpase 

almost as much as the Tower of London. They have bene 

very hye, thykke, stronge and wel embateled. The mater of 

them is flynt, mervelus and long brykes both white and 

redde after the Britons fascion. The sement was made of se 

sand and smaul pible. Ther is a great lykelyhod that the 

goodly hil abowte the castel, and especially to Sandwich 

ward hath bene wel inhabited. Corne groweth on the hille 

[* Leland here is in error, Ramsgate is in the position described.] 
[t Read, off of yt] 



a Richborough Castle. 



62 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, yn mervelus plenty, and yn going to plowgh ther hath owt of 
mynde fownd and now is mo antiquites of Romayne mony 
then yn any place els of England. Surely reason speketh 
that this should be Rutupinum. For by side that the name 
sumwhat toucheth, the very nere passage fro Cales clyves or 
Gales was to Ratesburgh, and now is to Sandwich, the which 
is abowt a myle of; though now Sandwich be not celebrated 
by cawse of Goodwine Sandes, and the decay of the haven. 
Ther is, a good flyte shot of fro Ratesburgh toward Sandwich, 
a great dike caste yn a rownd cumpas, as yt had bene for 
fens of menne of warre. The cumpace of the grownd withyn 
is not much above an acre, and yt is very holo by casting up 
the yerth. They cawle the place there Lytleborough. Withyn 
the castel is a lytle paroche chirch of S. Augustine, and an 
heremitage. I had antiquites of the heremite the which is 
an industrius man. Not far fro the heremitage is a cave 
wher men have sowt and digged for treasure. I saw yt by 
candel withyn, and there were conys. Yt was so straite that 
I had no mynd to crepe far yn. In the north side of the 
castel ys a hedde yn the walle, now sore defaced with wether. 
They cawle yt Quene Bertha Hedde. Nere to that place 
hard by the wal was a pot of Romayne mony fownd. 

Pag. 139. Tenterden 

is a market towne of Kent on the hither side of the river 
that cummeth to Appledor, and ther the river parteth 
Sowthsex and Kent. 

Cranbroke yn the myddes of the Weld of Kent. 

Assheford x. myles fro Cranbroke and a xii. myles fro 
Cantorbiri. 

Assheford is a market towne yn the side or the border of 
the Weld of Kent. Yt is in quantite as much agayne as 
Sitingburne, and there yn is a fayr college of prestes. 

Moreton made a great peace of the palace at Lambehith. 
He made and translatid a great peace of the house at Maide- 
stone. He buildid at Alington Parke. He made great 
building at Charing. He made almost the hole house at 
Forde. He buildid also at the palice at Cantorbyri. 
Sussex. To Robertesbridge, to Bodiham a Castel on the farther 

PaS ' I4a a Bodiam. 



PART VIII 63 

ripe * towarde Rhie. There is a bridge over, and the water Sussex, 
is a little brakkische. To Bredebridge in Southsex, (where is 
a bridge, (and hither it flouith) and a village on the farther 
ripe.t Mr. Oxeney dwellith thereby. There is a crosse in the 
midle of Bredbridg that devidith Kent from Southsax. To 
Newendene on the farther ripe}: a 4. or 5. miles, and there is 
a bridge. To Meteham wher is a 3. houses on the farther 
ripe, and there is no bridge but a fery. To Smalhed village 
ripa citeriori in Kent, and there is a fery into Oxeney isle. 
To Reding (in Kent) a membre of theparoche of our Lady 
Chirch of Ebney in Oxeney (in Soutsax), yet is this peace in 
ripa citeriori. To Oxney feri over from Kent to it, and on Kent. 
the farther ripe in Oxeney is a village. Yet parte of Oxeney 
in Kent, and part in Southsax. || Sum say that it is or hath 
bene al in Southsax. Sum caulle it Forsworen Kent, by 
cause that were'lf the inhabitantes of it were of Southsax they 
revoltid to have the privileges of Kent. To Appledour from 
Reding a 2. miles. From Appledour to the very mouth of the 
water wher it resortith to the blak shore and the Chaumber 
a v. miles. In Appledour is a fayre chirch, and Reding on 
Kent syde, and our Lady of Ebbeney yn Oxeney be mem- 
bers to it. The very mouth of the entery of Limene or 
Appuldour Water b is about a mile fro Rye toune upward to 
Kent by southeste. 

Gates in Dovar sumtime to the se side. 

Gumming first from the Castel Crossegate, Segate, Tin- 
keresgate, Bocherygate, Snoregate, Boldersgate to the Wike- 
ward. 

On the other side of the toun. 

Cougate, Waullegate, to entre into Dovar camming from 
London. 

;* Of the Rother r.] [f Of the Brede r.] 

t Of the Rother r.] 

The words in ( ) are interlined.] 

I Oxney is now all in Kent.] [IF Sic.] 



a Reading. b NOW the Royal Military Canal. 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Fines a French man was gardian or capitain of [Dover] * 
in King John dayes, or ever Hubertus de Burgo had it. 

The knight service of Castellegarde in Dover Castelle was 
institutid about King John's tyme. 
t&- Mr. Finche the knight hath a rolle of this gere. 

Hubertus de Burgo the first founder of the old chirche of 
the Maeson Dieu in Dovor. 

Henry the 3. founder of the new chirch. 

The cliffes from Dover welle toward Folkestene be al of 
chalk, and after up to Limme Hil of stone that is very hard, 
and sum be of a depe blew colour. 

Pag. 141. Folchestan ys a v. miles fro Dover, and be al gesse stondeth 
very directly apon Boleyn. The Lord Clynton is lorde of 
the town of Folkestane. There cummeth to the towne a 
prety smawl ryvelet that riseth yn Folchstan parche, long- 
ing to the Lord Clynton, or not far beyownd yt. The towne 
shore be al lykelihod is mervelusly sore wasted with the vio- 
lens of the se; yn so much that there they say that one paroche 
chyrch of our Lady, and a nother of S. Paule ys clene de- 
stroyed and etin by the se. Hard apon the shore ys t a place 
cawled the Castel Yarde, the which on the one side ys dyked, 
and ther yn be great mines of a solenne old nunnery, yn the 
walles wherof yn divers places apere great and long Briton 
brikes; and on the right hond of the quier a grave trunce of 
squared stone. The castel yard hath bene a place of great 
burial; yn so much as wher the se hath woren on the banke 
bones apere half stykyng owt. The paroch chyrch ys therby, 
made also of sum newer worke of an abbay. Ther is S. 
Eanswide buried, and a late therby was a visage of a priory. 
Toward a quarter of a myle owt of the town is a chapel of 
S. Botulfe on a likelyhod of farther building sumtyme. Yn 
the towne ther is a maire; and this Lord Clynton's grant- 
father had there of a poore man a boote almost ful of anti- 
quites of pure gold and sylver. 

A cony drawing his yerth betwyxt Folkestan and Hyve did 
cast up antique mony. 

Hithe hath bene a very great towne yn lenght, and con- 
teyned iiii. paroches that now be clene destroied, that is to 
say S. Nicolas paroche, our Lady paroch, S. Michael's 

[* Dovernoi in MS.] [+ MS. hasj/.] 



PART VIII 65 

paroche, and our Lady of Westhithe, the which is with yn Kent, 
lesse then half a rayle of Lymme Hille. And yt may be well 
supposed that after the haven of Lymme, and the great old 
town ther fayled, that Hithe strayte therby encresed and was 
yn price. Finally to cownt fro Westhyve to the place wher 
the substans of the towne ys now ys ii. good myles yn lenght, 
al along on the shore to the which the se cam ful sumtyme, 
but now by bankinge of woose and great casting up of shyn- 
gel the se ys sumtyme a quarter, sumtyme dim. a myle fro 
the old shore. In the tyme of King Edward the 2. there 
were burned by casuelte xviii. score howses and mo, and 
stray t folowed great pestilens, and thes ii. thinges minished 
the town. There remayne yet the ruines of the chyrches 
and chyrch yardes. It evidently apereth that wher the 
paroch chirch is now was sumtyme a fayr abbay. Yn the 
quire be fayre and many pylers of marble, and under the 
quier a very fair vaute, also a faire old dore of stone, by the 
which the religius folkes cam yn at mydnight. In the top 
of the chirch yard is a fayr spring, and therby ruines of 
howses of office of the abbey; and not far of was an hospital 
of a gentilman infected with lepre. The castel of Saltwood 
is not past halfe a myle of, and at this day Hithe is but a 
chapel perteining to Saltwood paroch. The havyn is a prety 
rode, and liith meatly strayt for passage owt of Boleyn. a Yt 
croketh yn so by the shore a long, and is so bakked fro the 
mayn se with casting of shinggil, that smaul shippes may 
cum up a larg myle toward Folkestan as yn a sure gut. 

Lymme Hille or Lyme b was sumtyme a famose haven, and 
good for shyppes that myght cum to the foote of the hille. 
The old castel of Lyme longed to Richard Knight of Hyve c 
late decesid. The place ys yet cawled Shypwey* and Old 
Haven. Farther at this day the Lord of the v. Fortes kepeth 
his principal cowrt a lytle by est fro Lymmehil. Ther re- 
mayneth at this day the ruines of a stronge fortresse of the 
Britons hangging on the hil, and cummyng down to the very 
fote. The cumpase of the forteresse semeth to be a x. acres, 
and be lykelyhod yt had sum walle beside that strecchid up 

[* Shepway. Here was the old court of the Cinque Ports.] 



a Boulogne in France. b Lympne. c Hythe. 

IV. F 



66 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, to the very top of the hille, wher now ys the paroch chirche 
and the archidiacon's howse of Canterbury. The old walles 
of the* made of Britons brikes, very large and great flynt 
set togyther almost indissolubely with morters made of 
smaule pybble, The walles be very thikke, and yn the west 
end of the castel appereth the base of an old towre. Abowt 
this castel yn tyme of mind were fownd antiquites of mony 
of the Romaynes. Ther as the chirch is now was sumtyme 
withowt fayle an abbay. The graves yet appere yn the 
chirch, and of the lodging of the abbay be now converted 
ynto the archidiacon's howse, the wich ys made lyke a 
castelet embatelyd. Ther went fro Lymme to Canterbury 
a streate fayr paved, wherof at this day yt is cawled Stony 
Streat. a Yt is the straytest that ever I sawe, and toward 
Canterbury ward the pavement continually appereth a iiii. or 
v. myles. Ther cummeth at this day thorough Lymme 
castel a litle rylle, and other prety waters resort to the places 
abowt Lymmehil; but where the ryver Limene should be I 
can not tel, except yt should be that that cummeth above 
Appledor . . . iii. . . .f myles of, and that ys cowrs ys 
now chaunged, and renneth a nerer way ynto the se by the 
encresing of Rumeney marsch that was sumtyme al se. 

Pag. 142. Bellirica, alias Belcaire, & Cowrt-up-strete. 

Court-up-streate, b alias Billirica, longeth to one M. Col- 
uyle knight. 

Billirica is a bowte a myle fro Lymme Hille, and at this 
day yt is a membre of Lymme paroche. Howbeyt ther is a 
chaple for the howses ther that now remayne, and this is 
the chaple communely cawlled our Lady of Cowrt-up-streate, 
wher the nunne of Cantorbiry wrought al her fals miracles. 
Hard by this chapel apere the old ruines of a castelet, 
wherbi yt may be thowthe that the place and the towne ther 
was cawled Bellirica, as who should say yn Latyne Bellocas- 
trum, and that the new name of Court-up-streate began by 

[* ?*.] 

[t The bottom of the page is damaged, and a few words are gone ; 
the words " myles of se " are safe, being written on the margin.] 



a Stone Street. b Court-at-Street. 



PART VIII 67 

reason of the place, or court, that the lord of the soyle kept Kent. 
there. The commune voyce is ther that the town hath bene 
large, and they shoe now theyr signa praetoriana^ that is to 
say a home garnished with brasse and a mace. But the like- 
lyhod ys that they longed to Lymme, sumtyme a notable 
town and haven. 

Rumeney a iiii. myles or more fro Lymmehil. 

Rumeney is one of the v. portes, and hath bene a metely 
good haven, yn so much that withyn remembrance of men 
shyppes have cum hard up to the towne, and cast ancres yn 
one of the chyrch yardes. The se is now a ii. myles fro the 
towne, so sore therby now decayed that where ther wher iii. 
great paroches and chirches sumtyme is now scant one wel 
mayteined. 

Rumeney marsch ys from Lymmehil upward a x. myles yn 
lenght, and where yt is most bowt a v. myles yn bredeth, 
and that as I suppose now is abowt the towne of Rumeney. 
The marsch of Rumney encresith dayly yn breede. But yt 
is not yn al places of lyke breede, for yn sum place yt is ii. 
myles, yn sum iii. myles, yn sum iiii. and v. myles over. It is 
a mervelus rank grownd for fedyng of catel, by the reason 
that the gresse groweth so plentefully apon the wose sum- 
tyme cast up ther by the se. 

The very towne of Rumeney, and a ii. myles abowt yt, 
was alway by lykelyhod dry land, and ons, as yt is supposed, 
the se cam abowte hyt, or at the lest abowt the greatest part 
of yt. 

Lydde is countid as a parte of Rumeney, is a iii.* myles 
beyond Rumeney town, and is a market. The town ys of a 
prety quantite, and the townesch men use botes to the se, 
the which at this tyme is a myle of. The hole town is con- 
teyned yn one paroche, but that is very large. In the mydde 
way (or ther abowt) betwixt Rumney town and Lyd the 
marsch land beginneth to nesse and arme yn to the se, and Rumnty Bay. 
contynueth a prety way beyond Lydde, and runnyng ynto a 
poynt yt standeth as an arme, a foreland, or a nesse. 

Ther is a place beyond Lydde, wher as a great numbre 
of holme trees groueth apon a banke of baches throwen up 
by the se, and there they bat fowle, and kil many birdes. 

[* In the MS. the figure 2 is written over iii, as a correction.] 



68 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



TJier cum 
many Springes 
to this Ryver. 
Fro Bodiam 
to Tenterden 
a Hit. Myles. 



Kent. Appledor (of sum is contid as a mernbre of Rumeney) ys 
yn Kent a market town, and hath a goodly chirch riding yn 
Kent, and our Lady of Ebny yn Oxeneye. 

The fresch water, or ryver, that cummeth to Appledor 
risith abowt Bodiam yn the Welde of Sussex a vii. myles up 
yn to the land, and therby ys an old castel cawled Bodiam. 
From Bodiam to the paroch of Tenterden yn Kent a market 
towne, that is to sey bytwyxt the Isle Oxney and Tenter- 
den paroch. Oxoney Isle is toward a x. myles yn cumpace, 
and ys cumpased abowt with salt water excepte where yt is 
devided by the fresch water fro the Continent. Fro Tenter- 
den to Appeldor ii. good myles. Appledor stonddeth yn 
Kent in the west syde of Rumney marsch. Fro Appledor to 
the mayne se or pudle vi. myle. 

Pag. 143- Shepey.* 
Hertey. 

Pag. 144. Sitingburn, alias Sidingburne, is a prety thorowgh fare of 
one paroch e, and by the chirch renneth a litle burne or 
rille, wherof peraventure the towne toke name. Yt is xii. 
myles fro Canterbury, vii. myles fro Faversham, viii. long 
myles fro Rochester. 

Thong castel a long myle a side of Sitingburn was made, 
as sum say, of Hengist and the Saxons. The diches and 
ruines of this castel yet apere a ii. flyte shot fro the chirch 
of Thong. 

Faversham is a market town franchised with a sanctuary, 
and hath a great abbey of blake monkes of the fundation of 
King Stephane. The towne is encluded yn one paroche, 
but that ys very large. Ther cummeth a creke to the towne 
that bereth vessels of xx. tunnes, and a myle fro thens north 
est is a great key cawled Thorn to disscharge bygge vessels. 
The creke is fedde with a bakke water that cummeth fro 
Ospring a thorowgh fare a myle and more of, wher was sum- 
tyme a Meason de Dieu, that now longeth to S. John's yn 
Cambrige. Herteye joyning to Shepeye liyth agaynt Favers- 



[* This page is blank, except for the two names.] 



PART VIII 69 

ham and the Thorn. Witstaple a is upward ynto Kent a ii. Kent, 
myles, or more, beyond Feversham on the same shore a 
great fissher towne of one paroche longging to Playsze b col- 
lege yn Essex, and yt stondeth on the se shore. Ther abowt 
they dragge for oysters. Heron ys iii. myles fro thens wher 
men take good muscles cawled Stake Muscles. Yt stondeth 
dim. a myle fro the mayne shore, and ther is good pitching 
of nettes for mullettes. 

(Stoone castle 3 miles a this sydd Gravesend, halfe a mile 
from the shore of Grenhith on the Thamise; this house 
longid a late to Champion an alderman.)* 

Cantorbiry for the most part of the towne stondeth on the 
farther side of the River of Sture, the which by a probable 
conjecture I suppose was cawlled in the Britans tyme Avona. 
For the Romayn cawlled Canterbury Dura vennum, corruptely, 
for of Dor and Avona we shuld rather say Doravona, or 
Doravonum. The river yn one place runneth thorowgh the 
cite walle, the which is made there with ii. or iii. arches for 
the curse of the streme. Canterbury ys v f myles fro the se 
flat north agaynst Heron. Lanfrance, and Sudbury, the which 
was heddedj by Jakke Strawe, were great repayrers of the 
cite. Sudbury builded the west gate, and made new and 
repaired to gither fro thens to the north gate, and wolde have 
done lykewise abowt al the town yf he had lyved. The 
mayr of the town and the aldermen ons a yere cum solemply 
to his tumbe to pray for his sowle yn memory of his good 
deade. The most auncyent building of the towne appereth 
yn the castel, and at Ryders Gate, where appere long Briton 
brikes. Withowt the town at S. Pancrace's Chapel and at 
S. Martine's appere also Briton brikes. 

Many yeres sins men soute for treasor at a place cauled 

[* This bracketed sentence is written by Burton (a) fo. 161, between 
the passages as to Heron and Canterbury, as though it were copied 
from Leland. But it is not in the original MS., nor is there any space 
for it in that part of p. 144. Burton must have transferred it from some- 
where else.] 

[t The MS. has 4 written above the figure v in correction.] 

K I.e., beheaded.] 



a Whitstabhj, b Pleshey. Herne. 



70 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, the Dungen, wher Barnhales house is now, and ther yn 
digging thei fownd a Corse closed yn leade. 

Ther hath bene sunV strong fortres by the castel, wher as 
now the eminent Dungen Hil risith. 

The river of Canterbury, now cawled Sture, springeth at 
Kingges Snode, a the which standeth sowthe, and a lytle be 
west fro Canterbury, and ys distant of Cant, a xiiii. or xv. 
myles. Fro Kinges Snode to Assheford a market towne iii. 
myles of on the farther syde of Sture. Fro Assheford to 
Wye a market towne iiii. myles of on the farther side of 
Sture; to Chilham * a villag iiii. myles; to Cantorbiry iii. 
myles; to Fordwic on the farther side wher as yet ys a poore 
mayr; to Sturemuthe b a faire village iiii. myles be water; to 
Richeboro on the farther side ii. myles or more; to Sandwic 
super, ripa a myle; and so withyn a dim. myle yn to the 
mayne se. 

Cheyney the Lorde Warden hath now Chilham to hym and 
to his heires males of the Kinges gifte. 

The water of Stur breketh a lytle above Cantorbiri into 
ii. armes, of the which one cummeth be west gate, and the 
other thorough the cyte under S. Thomas Hospitale, and 
meteth agayne yn one botom beneth the cyte a this side 
. . . ford being half a . . . f 

Pag. 145. Ex veteri codice coenobii S. Salvatoris Cantuariae. 

Hospitalia in Cantia : S. Gregorii, S. Laurentii, S. Jacobi, 
S. Nicolai, Thomae % Dovor, S. Joannis in Blen Bakechild 
Roff. 

Aquae dukes in Cantia : Medeway, Stura, Brooke, Drent, 
Aqua de Brigge, de Ospring, de Crey. 

Aquae salsae: Tillebyri, Tremethe, Sesalter, as I gesse 
towarde Whitstaple, Serres. 

Hospitalia in Southsaxia : S. Jacobi, Cicestre, leprosi. 

[* Leland first wrote Chartham, but corrected as above.] 
[t The lowest corner of the page, on the margin of which this note 
is written, is much damaged. Burton's copy of this part of the "Col- 
lectanea" ends here (Burton (a), fo. 162).] 

[$ Leland struck out the S., which he wrote before Thomas.] 



a Snodland. , b Stourmouth, 



PART VIII 71 

Aquae dukes Southsax. Limene, Medewege, Ichene, Olne Kent, 
rue, aqua de Lewis, Apebroke. 

Aquae salsae: Sirendea, aqua de Kneppe, aqua de Brade- 
ham, Tarent Cire. 

Hospitalia in Hamptonshire : Wintoniae S. Trinitatis, 
S. Joannis. 

Aqua dukes : Ichene. 

Hospitalia in Barkshire : S. Joannis Abindon, S. Joannis 
Walingford. 

Aquae dukes in Dorsetshire : Sture, Frome. 

Hospitalia in Somersetshire : Bradelege, S. Mar. Mag. 
leprosi. 

Aquae dukes in Somersetshire: Pedret, Jenfle, Tau, He, 
Avene, Brin. 

Aquae salsae in Devonshire : Fale, Mare, Taudre. 

Aquae dukes Estsaxiae : Heagbridge, Hobredge, Stura 
dividit Essaxiam et Suthfoliciam. 

Aquae salsae: Houlne. 

Aquae dukes in Northfolk : Stokefery, Brundune. 

Aquae dukes in Northamptonshir: Nene, Ise, Harpers- 
broke. 

Hospitale S. Joannis de Northampton. 

Hospitale de Bukingham S. Jo. Bapt. 

Aquae dukes in Bukinghamshire: Lovent, Use. 

In Glocestreshire aqua salsa^ Southwik. 

In Herfordshire, Temeth aqua dulcis. 

Castellum Richardi in Herfordshire. 

Aquae dukes in Shropshire: Tyrne, Melblodewel, Cunet. 

Hospitalia in Shropshir: Berton, Salopsbyri, Bruges. 

Aquae dukes in Chestreshire : Rille, Weyre. 

Caste/la in Everwikshire: Selton, Fervelton, Cnaresburg. 

Aqua dulcis in Yorkshir: Wenet, Wisca, Hiemwic.* 

The eldest manor place of the Paulettes in Somersetshire Leland, vi, 
is now clene doune. But yet it berith the name of Paulette, fo - I2> 
and is a 3 miles from Bridge water. Somerset. 

Ther was one . . . Denbaude in Somersetshire a knight 
of good estimation about Henry the V tyme, and this Den- 
baude gave this title in many of his writinges : Dominus de 
Poscuith in Guallia. 

[* Leland at first wrote Lifmwic.} 



72 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Somerset. One of the Paillettes marled the heire general of this 
Denbaude, and so was the Paulettes landes welle augmentid 
in Somersetshire. And Mr. Paulettes father that is now 
buildid stoutely at Hen [ton] in Somersetshire, the which 
[longed] in tyme paste to the Denba[udes]. 

Sanford Peverel in Devenshire cam to a bastard of the 
Peverels by sute to the King of alienation, and the bastarde 
after lakking issue the landes cam to the King by ordre of 
the law. 

Paulet that is now [bought] Sandforde lo[rdshipe] of the 
K[ynge.] 

Paullet hath a nother lord[ship] hard joyning to Sandford 
caullid Hawberton, and is welle wooddid, but [Shel]ford 
hath litle [wood]. 

Mr. Paulet of Basing, now Lorde S. John, cummith oute 
of the house of Paulettes of Somersetshire : but this Pau- 
lettes father was in descent so many degrees in consan- 
guinite from Paulet of Somersetshire, that he maried his 
sister; and Paulet of Basing maried likewise his. Paulet of 
Basing had issue by this woman. But Paulet of Somerset- 
shire had none by his; but after marying a nother wife he 
had. 

I think that Basing Castel was the Lorde S. John, and 
so descendid to Paulet. 

Paulet of Somersetshire landes cummith thus togither by 
heyres generalles. By Boys cam Hawberton lordship. 
Boschus gave 3. okes yn his armes.* Then did Arundel 
and Paulet devide a peace of landes of the Cantelupes. 
Then cam a peace of land by Rayne, and a nother be 
Beuchamp of the west countery, and after cam Henton 
Denbaudes lande. 

Strangways. Syr Giles Strangwais grandfather cam oute of the house 
fo. 13. of Strangways of Yorkshire, and servid the grandfather to 

the Lorde Marquis of Dorset that is now, and at that time 
lay at a place of his in ... shire caullid. . . . 

Hooke Parke was of the division] of this lande, and 
cam to the Lorde Brooke. 

Humfrede Stafford of Hoke with the Silver Hand, that 

[* Side-note in the MS. Parts of the words are gone, but must have 
been visible in Hearne's day, as Stow omitted the note.] 



PART VIII 



73 



marled the doughter and heire of Matraverse a knight, had Somerset. 

3. or 4. sunnes, wherof one was comes Devoniae a litle time, 
and died al without issue. 

Humfrede with the Silver Hand had also a doughter 
caullid Alice by his wife Matravers heire. This Alice was 
maried first to Cheyni a knight, and had to doughters, Anne 
and Elisabeth, by hym. Anne was maried to Coleshil, and 
had no issue. Elisabet was maried to Willoughby Lorde 
Broke [and ?] had issue Alice . . . was ma ... 

[El]eanor a doughter by hym whom Strangfuais] . . . 
maried, and so cam Humfre Staffordes landes [to 
Willoughjby and [Stranguais.J * 

The castel of Woddesford in Dorsetshire, standing a 3. or 

4. miles lower then Dorcestre apon the ryver of Frome, was 
sumtyme longging to Guido Briente, and after to Stafford, 
and now to Stranguaise in p[artition.] 

Torre Brient in Devonshire was the Erie of Northumbre- 
landes, and boute of hym by Mr. Kitesun. 

Coleshil landes be descendid to a gentilman of Devon- 
shire. 

Mr. Stranguaise told me that the Gurnays were lordes of 
the castel of Stoke a by yond Montegu, b and of Hamden hard 
by where the goodly quarre of stone is. The Duke of South- 
folke is in possession by gifte of Northton lordship, wherof 
Hamden is parte. 

I saw dyverse faire tumbes of noble men in the chirch 
hard by Stoke Castelle. Wherapon I now conject of very 
likelihod that there be buried the Gurnays. Mr. Strangways 
now a late began to builde richely at his commune dwelling 
house in Milbyri Parke, and caussid thre thoussand lode of 
fre-stone to be fetchid from Hamden quarre nyne myles of, 
thither. Milbyri cam to Stranguais by purchace. 

In the ponde in Milbyri Parke risith an hedde of Ivel \_Ivel K\yver. 
[River.] 

The hedde of Shirburn Water [riseth in Blakmore.] 



Gurnay. 
Stoke Castel. 
Hamden 
Quarre of 
Fre-stone. 



[Shirburn] 
Ryver. 



[* These words in [ ] were seen by Hearne ; Stow omitted this pass- 
age, written on the margin of the MS.] 



Stoke sub Hamdon. See vol. i, 158, 159. b Montacute. 



74 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Somerset. From water risith in a valley a 3. or 4. miles above 
fo. 14. Fromton. 

There cummith also a streame to it out of the pond in 
Hoke Parke. 

Devonshire. Hemiok Castel a a 3. miles from Dunkeswelle. This castel 
is doune saving a 2. or 3. towers. It longid to the Bruers. 

Much of the Lorde Souchis landes was gyven by Henry 
the vii. to these gentilmen: to Wiloughby Lord Brooke; to 
Dawbeney; to Lovele. To Salvage was also gyven a 300. 
markes by the yere. 

Mountpensun b of Wileshire maried one of the Lord 
Zouchis Doug[hters] that is now. 

Twaytes the Fairfax of Yorkshire hathe the landes of the elder house 
Elder. of the Twaytes of Yorkshire. 

Thivaitesthe Yong Gresseham of London maried the doughter and 
Yongger. heire of the younger house of the Thwaites of Yorkshire. 

As far as I can lerne the nobilest house of the Lucies 
were they of Cokermouth yn Cumbreland. And these Lucys 
were also lordes of Wresehil Castel about the mouth of 
Darwent Ryver yn Yorkshire. 

Lucy of Kente that foundid Lesnes Abbay in Kent, and 
dwellid there, gyvyng much of his landes to it, and was 
there buryd ; and also Catarine Lucy by likelihod his wife ; 
cam oute of the house of Lucys of Cokermouth. 

Lucy of Warwikeshire, that dwellith at Charcote by Avon, 
bytwixt Warwik and Stratford apon Avon, cam also owte of 
the house of Cokermouth. 

Syr Edmunde Lucy that lately lyvid and dwellyd at ... 
yn Bedfordshire cam oute of the house of Lucy of Char- 
cote. 

There hath bene other Lucys, men of meane landes, that 
hath descendid oute of the aforesaide housis of Lucys, 
fo. 15. Mr. Birkenheved told me that Redcastel was the very 
enheritance of the Twichetes,* and that there is yet agentil- 
man of that name yn those quarters that dwellith at Whitley 
Haulle in Chestre within a quarter of a mile of Button. So 

[* The side-note to this is Tttchet.} 



a Hemyock or Hemmick. 



b Montpeson or Mompesson, 



PART VIII 



75 



that I think that the Lorde Audeley is one of the lordes of 
the libertes of Nantwiche by the name of Twichet by the 
enheritance of Twichet and not of Audeley. 

There is a place in the towne of Wigan in Lancastreshire 
caullid shorteley Briket Haule for Birkenhed Haule. The 
landes of Brikenheved is cum a late to Tillesly by mariage 
of an heir generale. 

Byrkenhed gave 3. bromes. Peraventure that the first 
of them made a gentilman was sum grome of a chambre.* 

Sum say that this house yn Wigan was the boldest house 
of gentilmen of that name. 

Sum say that they cam of an auncienter house owte of the 
quarters of Kendale, for there yet be many of the Brikettes, 
but mene. 

Pollard the Juge,t father to Pollard the knight of Devon- [Pollard.'} 
shire, cam as a younger brother out of the house of Pollard 
of ... { in Devonshire, and had but a xx. markes of land by 
the yere: but he cam to 300. markes. The eldest house yet 
hath a 100. //". landes. 

The house of Gower the poete, sumtyme chief juge of Cower. 
the commune place, yet remaynith at Stitenham yn York- 
shir, and diverse of them syns have beene knightes. Stiten- 
ham within a mile of Shirwood toun in the forest of Galtres.|| 
There be other of the Gowers there aboute, men of veri 
meane landes. There be also of the Gowers men of meane 
landes in Richemontshire. 

There is also a gentilman of landes cawllid Gower in 
Wicestreshire. 

Hereman^l" of Rendelesham, a man of meane landes, now Hereman. 
hath smaul portions of landes thus descending to his aun- 
ceters by heires general from Payne : from Blakeshaul : from 
Naunton : from Rafe of Pevemarsch in Essax. 

Naunton Haule in Rendelesham wher he dwellith was 
Naunton. 

* This note of arms is on the margin.] 

Sir Lewis Pollard, judge, died 1540.] 
J Roborough, near Torrington.] 
Leland corrects this statement afterwards, fo. 61.] 
II Leland has Caltres, in error.] 

IF John Herman; see Certificate of Musters, Lett. Hen. VIII, 1539, 
,21.] 



7 6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Yorkshire. 

Rouse. 



Oxfordshire, 
fo. 1 6. 

Raynesforde. 



Aschefelde. 



Tipetote. 
Dudeley. 



Al the Rousis that be in Southfolk cum, as I can lerne, 
oute of the house of Rouse of Dinnington. Diverse of 
the Rouses of this eldest house ly in Dinington paroche 
chirche buried under flat stones. Antony Rouse, now the 
heire of Dinington Haule, hath much enlargid his pos- 
sessions. 

Rainesford of Tew in Oxfordshire, a 3. miles from 
Cheping-Northton, cam owt of the house of Raynesfordes 
of Lancastre. Old Rainesforde of Tew now alive is the 
fourth in descent of these Rainesfordes. The first of them 
maried one of the 3. doughters of Wivelcote, alias Wilcote, 
a knight that was owner of the lordship of Tew, and dwellid 
in the maner place there, and is buried in a faire tumbe of 
marble in Tew Chirche; and yn the same chirch ly buried 
the 3. aunceters of old Rainesford now alive. 

Old Rainesford that now livith hath a 60. pound land 
ther by [yere.] But his sunne hath purchacid a 50. It. more 
to it even there, and now is patrone of the chirch, wher 
afore it longid to Godestow. 

One Aschefelde maried a nother of this Wivelcotes 
heires : And one of the descent of these Aschefeldes yet re- 
mainith in Oxfordeshire, and is a man of a 100. markes of 
landes by yere. 

Raynesford of Estsax knight. 

My Lorde Powis sayith that Hawise, wife to Chorleton 
Lorde of Powys, was the causer that the Gray Freres College 
in Shrobbesbyri, wher she lyith buried under a flate marble 
by Chorlestons tumbe, was buildid. And that she causid 
Chorleton to be buildid. 

My Lorde of Powis told me also that one of the Chorle- 
tons was a man of a very great possessions, and that the 
landes of hym cam not to one, but were disparkelid by 
heyres generales, and that he descending of the Grays of the 
north had but a part of Chorletons landes of Powis: and that 
a peace by his saying cam to Tipetote and Dudeley. 

The Lorde Powis grauntfather that is now, being in a 
contraversy for asawte made apon hym goyng to London by 
the Lorde Dudeley and by Dudeley Castelle, condescendid 
by entreaty that his sun and heire should mary the olde 
lorde of Dudeleis doughter, [mother to the Lord Powis] 
that is now, 



PART VIII 



77 



Towten feld, where King Edwarde the 4. father was fo. 17. 
slayn, is a 3. miles from Shirburn yn Yorkshire, and thereby Yorkshire, 
rennith Cokbek, and goith into Warfe ryver a this side Tad- 
castre. Yn Towten Feld self was a great multitude of men 
slayne and ther buried. 

Mr. Hungate,* Grauntfather of the Court e, gatherid a Hundcsgatc, 
great number of the bones, and caussid them to be buried 
in Saxton chirch yarde. 

Hungate Clerk of the Stable to the Quene is one of this 
Hungates younger sunnes that now dwellith at Saxton. 

The Lorde Dacres slayne at Towten feld is buried in 
Saxton chirch yard, and hath a meane tumbe. 

The Erie of Westmerland killid in the same feld is buried 
withyn Saxton chirch. 

Saxton toune and lordship longgid to Mr. . . . and there 
is his dwelling place. 

Saxton is a mile and a half from Shirburne in York- 
shir. 

There is a chapel or heremitage apon Towten feld in 
token of praier and memory of men slayne there.f 

Dawterey told me that there were 3. women, or sisters, De alta ripa, 
that had division of the landes of the Honor of Peteworth : Sussex, 
and that they were thus maried, to Percy, Dawterey and 
Aske. So that hereapon I gather that al these 3. cam owte 
of the north cuntre. 

Aske of the north : Aske the traitor was a yongger brother 
of this house. 

The first partition hath not continuid in al the aforesaide 
3. names holy: but hath bene disperkelid. 

Yet sum likelihod is that seing that so much remainid a 
late yn Percy hand that Dawterey and Aske had never like 
partes; and to have bene but as benefidarii to Percy. 



[* William Hungate, senior, was put on the Commission of the 
Peace for the West Riding, Yorkshire, February, 1540. Perhaps it 
was he who buried the bones from Towton Field. Thomas Hungate 
was "avener" to the Stable of the Queen's Household in 1540. There 
were others of this Yorkshire family. Ralph Hungate was a clerk and 
deputy of Cromwell to View the Forests north of Trent in 1539. Lett. 
Hen. VIII, ii, 119, pp. 35, 36.] 

[t Stow omits two pages here. Burton (a) copied the parts relating to 
Petworth and the Rivers at end of fo. 164.] 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Sussex. Percy, Dawtery and Aske gyve the mylle pykes, but with 
difference yn the felde.* 

Dikes, whos landes now be devolvid to Mr. Goring, and 
other gentilmen thereabout, were f benefidarii to the honor 
of Peteworth. 

Dawtery the knight that dwellid in Hampton toune was 
brother to olde Mr. Dawtery, now living, of Petworth 
father. And this Dawtery of Hampton landes came al by 
purchase. 

Lightster the Chefe Baron of the Escheker maried this 
Dawtery's wife, but he had a nother wif afore, 
fo. 18. Goringe's father J that now duellith at ... buildid that 
house. For he afore and his praedecessors dwellid at 
Baienet a mile or more of by Petworth ryver a side. And 
there yet appere the ruines of Dikes house that after de- 
scendid to the Goringes. 

One Rivers was owner of Rivers JParke in the quarters by 
Petworth : but the maner place was sumwhat withoute the 
parke, as yet apperith, in the paroche of ... and yet the 
plot of the berith the name of Rivers chirch. One of the 
Rivers is buried yn that paroch. 

Bolney a gentilman. 

Arundel is a vii. [mile] from Petworth, and Chicestre a x. 
Tame. The elder house of the Tames is at Stowel by Northleche 
Gloucesters. in Glouc. shire. 

Home. Mr. Home of Oxfordshire dwelling by Langeley hath 
maried this Tame doughter and heir, and shal have by her 
a 80. li. lande by the yere. 

Syr Edmunde Tame of Fairford up by Crekelade cam oute 
of the house of Tame of Stowel. Tame that is now at Fair- 
ford hath be maried a xii. yere, and hath no childe. Where- 
fore be likelihod Syr Humfre Stafford, sun to old Staford of 
Northamptonshire, is like to have the landes of Tame of 
Fairforde. For he maried his sister. And so the name of 
the Tames is like sore to decay. 

[* This note of arms is in the margin. ] 

[t MS. has where t evidently an error. Further as to these families 
see pp. 93, 93.] 
[t George Goring.] 



" West Rother r. : Baienet unidentified, cf. p. 92. 



PART VIII 



79 



Old Stafford of Northamptonshir, father to Syr Humfrey 
Stafford, was sunne to Stafford that bare such a route in 
Worcestershire in King Edward the 4. and Richard the 3. 
dayes; and at laste for fere of Henry the vn. flede to Cowle,* 
a certen obscure sanctuarie betwixt Oxford and Abingdon. 
This Staffordes landes were* attaintid, and partely given 
away; but at the laste his heires found sum grace. 

The eldest house of the Palmers of Warwikshire is at 
. . . and the landes of it at this tyme is aboute a hunderith 
pound by the yere. The heire of this at this tyme dwellith 
in Herefordshire by reason of a wife that he maried. 

Palmer of Calays, one of the officers there, is brother to 
the aforesaid Palmer : and there is a nother brother of them, 
a very riche man, that dwellith at Kentischtoun b with out 
London. 

Palmer of Lemington in the very egge of Glocetre a 3. 
miles from Rolleriche stones cummith oute of the aforesaid 
[House] f of the Palmers of Warwikshire. 

He began first with a very smaul portion of lande : and 
being a galant felow, and clothid yn migtie colowrs, got 
a riche widow in Lemington ton to wife, a 80. yeres or 
more hens; and sins there hath plantid themselfes, and 
buildid a faire house, and bought faire landes to it. He 
that now hath it maried one of the Gravilles dowghters of 
MjJTcot] 

The veri auncient house of the Gravilles is at Draiton by 
Banbyri in Oxfordshire. 

But there is an nother manor place of the chief stok of 
the Gravilles caullid Milcot yn Warwikshire, wher a late, 
as at a newer, fairer and more commodius house, theij 
usid to ly at. 

Ther was one Thomas Gravile a knight, that about 
Edward the 4. tyme maried an heire of the Coukeseys, at 
whose desier he toke apon hym the name of Cowkesey. 
But this great land of Cowkeseys for lak of issue taried not 
in Gravilles name. I hard say that my lord of Norfolk hath 

[* MS. has wher.} [f Not in Stow, seen by TIearne.] 

[t MS. repeats a "a late."] 



Stafford of 
Northampton- 
shire. 



fo. 19. 
Palmer of 
Warwike- 
shire. 



Palmer of 
Glocestreshire. 



GravilU. 



Cowley. 



b Kentish Town, North London. 



So 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 20. 



Fulco Gra- 

ville. 



Francys 
Dawterey. 



a peace of it. This Thomas was a ruffelar, and killid a 
bastard sunne, by force, of Stafford of Wicestreshir, for all 
the brag that Stafford bare in Wicestreshire. 

There was a late a knight of this house of the Graviles 
that first was a marchaunt in Spaine, and that maried a riche 
wife in London : and bycause he could speke good Spainisch 
he was taken into the courte at the cumming yn of Ladi 
Catarine to mary Prince Arture; and after was officer of my 
Lady Marys Household yn the Marches of Wales when she 
was caullid Princes.* He had sum lande, and that cam to 
a doughter, and now is sold, as I harde say. 

He that is now the chief heir of the Gravilles hath a 
brother caullid Fulco Graville.f He maried one of the 
doughters and heires of the Lord Brookes sun, but not be 
that wife that he got the doughters maried to the Lorde 
Montjoy and Mr. Paulett: and young Syr Francisce 
Dautery maried the other, but his wife a late died withoute 
issue, and [so] is al that faire land cum holy to Fulco 
Graville. 

Fulco hath a brother that dwellid with my Lady Mary yn 
the Marchis of Wales. 

The Lord Broke had 3. wives, and 2. of the first of them, 
as I hard, were heyres. This Lorde Broke had a sun an 
heire by one of his first wives; and this sunne had two 
doughters inheriters [to the]ir father. [These] doughters 
[were maried to Fulco Gravile] . . . [part of the Brookes 
landes conveid to the] J . . . 

Arden dwelling at . . . by Alcestre in Wicestreshire is 
of a very auncient stok, and, as sum say, derivith his linage 
from Syr Gerarde of Arden that was yn Guy of Warwikes 
tyme. 

Arden of the Courte is a yonger brother to Arden the 
heyre. 



[* Mary, daughter of Henry VIII, at the age of ten was established 
at Ludlow, the seat of Welsh government, in September, 1525, and 
was styled Princess of Cornwall and Wales. ] 

[t This Fulco was grandfather (died 1606) of Fulke Greville, first 
Lord Brooke, the poet, 1554-1628.] 

[J The words between [ ] were seen by Hearne but are now gone 
Stow omits this passage.] 

[ Blank left by Leland.] 



PART VIII 



81 



Lapis limitaneus 4. provinciarum. There is a bigge stone Oxfordshire, 
a 3. miles west from Rolleriche stones; and standith yn a 
hethe, bering the name of Barton, a village therby longging 
to Mr. Palmer. This stone is a very marke or limes of 
Glocestre, Wicestre, Warwike and Oxfordeshires. 

And Palmer's sun told me, that this stone of certente is 
the marke, and not Rolleriche stones. 

The auncient house of the Ligans * is at Mattesfeld in Lygan. 
Wicestreshire. 

The heire of this Ligans now lyving maried one of the Syr William 
heires of Syr William Graville a juge and a man of law. Graville. 

Vanpage of Wicestreshire maried a nother. 

Wy of Glocestreshir maried the 3. 

And these 3. doughters had yn division a 300. markes of 
landes. 

[Arle] f the faire house wh . . . 

Godrike of Pyrtoun in Glocestreshire within 2 mile and a Gloucesters. 
di. of Glocestre toune is of an auncient house, and hath at fo. 21. 
this tyme a 100. marke of land by yere. 

Wyse. 

Wy dwellith at Lipiate a beyond Cirencestre towarde 
Tetbyri. 

Whiteney a gentilman of a 300. [markes] landes by the 
yere dwellith at [Lejcumbe J in Glocestreshir a litle from 
Stow yn the Wold. 

There is in those quarters a village caullid Wynderusch b : 
and so is the ry ver of Whiteney c communely caullid. 

Hunkes a gentilman of faire landes but partely by 
purchace. 

Syr John Horesey of Dorsetshire hath almoste as much Horesey. 
lande by thenheritaunce of his mother as he hath by his Dorset, 
father. 

The house that his father lay at as in his owne inherit- 
ance is caullid Clifton, and is in Dorsetshire 2. miles from 



[* Lygon family.] 

[t Hearne. The leaf much torn. Stow omits the last ten lines.] 
[t Hearne ; the first part of the word is torn off; apparently Leigh- 
comb. Stow has Hiscombe.] 



Lipyeate. 
IV. 



b Windrush, and r. 
G 



Witney. 



82 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Shirburne. Syr John Horesey mother was doughter and heire 
to one Turgese ; whose maner place and landes lay at ... 
betuixt Milton and Ceren, a alias Cernele. 

Sacheville. The auncientest house of the Sachevilles that now livith 
Sussex, is at Bukhurste yn Southesax by the Forest of Waterdoun, a 
2. or 3. miles from Rotherfeld also in Southsax. This Sache- 
ville is a man of a 300. It. land by the yere. 

Sacheville of Bedforde that was grome-porter cam out of 
this house. 

And so did Sacheville of Blechingle b in the quarters by 
Rigate, a man now of a 40. markes of landes by the yere. 
Also out of the house of Bukhurst descend the Sachevilles 
of Calays. 

fo. 22. Quinborow is without doubte in Shepey.* 
Chephalia. Capelande c parte of Cumbrelande, may be elegantly caullid 
Cephalenia. 

The wodde or forest in Staffordshire communely caullid 
Cank Wood yn olde writinges is caullid Cannok. 

Escuedamour. The eldest house of the Escuedamours f of Herefordeshire 
was at a place caullid Penchirche d in the egge of the dominion 
or countery caullid Ewis Harald. Skidmore of the court told 
me of these many of the howse of Penchirche. Jenkin was 
a stoute felow, and had al the rule of the [counjtery there 
aboute. Jenkin had [John] to his sun and heire. John had 
[James.] James had Thomas, and Thomas had James, the 
which wastid parte of his landes. This James had 2. 
doughters, wherof one was maried into the name of one of 
the Escuedamors, that in longe tyme of descent had cum 
owt of the house of Penchirche. 

There is yet one of the Escuedamors that hath a hunderith 
markes of land by the yere, and dwellith at ... 

[Escudamour of the] courte cumfmith out of a yonger 
bro]ther. 
Clevesby. Clesby of Clesby in Richemontshire. 

[* Leland first wrote, then crossed out, " I hard that Quinborow is 
not in the Isle of Shepey self but thereby withowt it."] 
[t Scudamore, an ancient Herefordshire family.] 



a Cerne. 

c Copeland, south west district. 



b Bletchingley. 
d Penkridge. 



PART VIII 83 

Rafe the firste Erie of Stafforde maried . . . doughter and 
heire, wherby he had that part [of Clare] the Erie [of 
Glo]cestre [landes that] descen[did to his wife one . . . 
doughters of] * ... 

Genealogia Strigulensium. 

Osbertus Dns de Toddenham (alias Tudenham) & Monmouth. 
Wolston. fo. 23. 

Osbertus had William. 

William had Richarde. 

Richard had Walter D m de Strogil alias Chepstow. And 
this Walter was founder of Tyntern Abbay by Wy River 
above Chepstow. This Water dyed Anno D. 1131. 

Walter had Gilbert. This Gilbert was made Erie of Pem- 
broke anno 4. Stephani. 

Gilbert had Richard, communely caullid Strangboghe, 
alias Strangbow. Richard was also Erie of Pembroke, and I 
finde in olde writinges that he was also caullid Comes 
Striguliae: Andapon this I suppose that Gilbert his [father] 
and also Walter his grantfather had also the title of the 
Counte of Strogyl. 

This Richard was a conqueror in Ireland and maried Eve 
doughter and heyre . . . 

This Richarde had no issue but a doughter caullid Isabel. 

Isabel was maried to one William D no de Hampstede. 

William had but one sun caullid Ancelme, and Ancelme 
died without issue. 

William de Hamstede had 4. doughters, [whereof one] 
was maried. 

Thomas Brotherton had to wife one Margaret, a gentil- Brotherton. 
woman of Gascoyn, as I harde say. 

Thomas had by Margaret a doughter only, caullid 
Margaret. 

This doughter Margaret had to her first husband . . . 
Erie of Pembroke; but she had no issue by hym. 

This Margaret had by Segrave a knight her secunde hus- Stgrave. 
band a doughter caullid . . . 

This Margaret had by Syr Walter Maney her thirde hus- Maney. 

[* Hearne. This passage, at foot of fo. 22, omitted by Stow.] 



8 4 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Wales. 



bonde a doughter caullid [Anne marled to John Hastinges 
Erie of Penbroke.]* 

Durham. Mr. Doctor Bellazisf tolde me that a dukke, markid after 
fo. 24. the fascion of dukkes of the bisshoprike of Duresme, was put 
in into one of the pooles caullid Hel Ketelles betwixt Dar- 
lington and Tese Bank, and after was found at ... bridge 
apon Tese therby, where Clervalx duellith; and that be it 
the people had a certein conjecture that there was specus 
subterr. betwixt thes ii. places. 

Salisbyri knight of Denbigh land told me that emong 
other thinges was a conestable of Dissart Castelle caullid 
Syr Robert Mounderlinge knight, a man of a great p . . . 
there, and yn his Prince fa ... and of so valiaunt corage 
that . . . there ordenid therby the ... a tylte for justes. 
And at this place yn a certen chalenge one Theodore, a 
gentilman of Wa . . . did streeke out one of Mounderlinges 
yes : and after this Theodore cumming to the King of Eng- 
landes courte, and not thoroughly knowen, but seen to be a 
man of a right goodly stature, and be likelihod of strenkith : 
and to provoke him [to?] feates of armes they . . . know- 
ing that it was he that had streken owt Syr Robert Mounder- 
linges [yee] J brought the same Mounderling to chalenge 
hym at feates of armes; but when he saw Theodore he 
saide that he entendid that he should not strike out his 
other yee. 

Castelle There is a castel in Wentllough caullid Castel Gough, 
Cough, longing to Vehan. 

The elder house of the Morgans of South Wales is about 
the farther ripe of Elboith ryver in Wentllugh, and is caullid 
Tredeger. It is nother castle nor pile, but a maner place, 
and is withyn a mile of Newport self. 

Eboith ryver is bigger then Remny river that departith 
Wentllugh from Glamorganshire, and risith yn Hy Wente- 
lande about the quarter of a hille there caullid Marter, and 
rennith by estimation a xx. miles yn lenght, and goith by 
it self ynto Severne se about a mile beyounde the mouthe of 
Wiske that cummith by Newporte. 

[* Leland left a blank here. A later hand added the words in [ ].] 
"f Anthony Belasyse of Durham, LL.D., Master in Chancery, 1544.] 
t No blank in MS., but evidently this word intended. L. T. S.] 
Ebbw r. As to Wentlugh, see " Leland in Wales," p. 12.] 



PART VIII 85 

Morgan * the knight of Lo[w Wentjlande dwelling at Pe[n- 
coite a] fair maner place a [myle from Byst,] alias Bisshops- 
toun, [and 2. myles from the] Severn sei. He is [of a yongar 
brother's howse.] 

Kingeston apon Tamise. The olde monumentes of the Surrey, 
toun of Kingeston be founde yn the declyuing doune from fo. 25. 
Come a parke toward the galoys; and there yn ploughyng 
and digging f have very often beene founde fundation of 
waulles of houses, and diverse coynes of brasse, sylver and 
gold, with Romaine inscriptions, and paintid yerthen pottes ; 
and yn one in the Cardinal Wolsey's tyme was found much 
Romayne mony of sylver, and plates of silver to coyne, and 
masses to bete into plates to coyne, and [chay] nes of sylver. 
And yn the old tyme the commune saying ys that the 
bridge, where the commune passage was over the Tamise at 
olde Kingston, was lower on the ryver then it is now. And 
when men began the new town yn the Saxons tymes they 
toke from ther very clive of Come parke side to builde on the 
Tamise side : and sette a new bridge hard by the same. The 
tounisch men of Kingston contend that wher their toun 
chirche is now was sumtyme an abbay. But I se no likelihod 
of it. For King Henry the second did appropriate their 
chirch as a paroche chirche, not as abbay, priory or celle, to 
Marten Abbay in Southerey.j: The tounisch men have certen 
knowlege of a few kinges crounid ther afore the Conqueste; 
and contende that 2. or 3. kinges were buried yn their 
paroche chirch; but they can not bring no profe nor likeli- 
hod of it. In the new toune by the Tamise side there is a 
house yet caullid the Bisshopes Haulle. But now it is turnid 
into a commune dwellinge house of a tounisch man. It was 
sumtyme the Bisshop of Winchester's house : and as far as I 
can conject sum bisshop, wery of it, did neglect this house, 
and began to build at Assher b nere the Tamise side 2. or 3. 
miles above Kingeston. Dyverse kinges have gyven great 
privileges to the town of Kingeston, as it is yn this tyme. 

[* Sir Thomas Morgan of Pencoyd, died 1566.] 
t MS. has "diggid."] 

Merton priory, Surrey. Bray ley's Surrey, II, 210.] 



Coombe hill. b Esher. 



86 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Surrey. And Kingston is the beste market [towne of] all Southerey. 
fo. 26. Ther was [and is a chapelle] at Kingeston caullid Magda- 
lenes, to the which is yoinid an hospitalle, wheryn was a 
master, 2. prestes, and certen poore men, and the maker of 
it was one Lofkin, * mayre, as I hard, of London : and this 
man, as I harde, was borne in Kingston self, and dwellid in 
Tamise Streat about New Fisch Streate; and that he was 
founder of the college f of the chirch of St. Michaelles by 
Crokid Lane. And, as I can gesse, this Lof kyn dwellid there 
in the house that Mr. Fink el dwellid yn, and was buried yn 
the body of S. Michael's chirch. 

These 3. chapelles and hammes lying on the Tames side 
from Kingston toward London, that is Peter Ham, Riche- 
mont or Shene, and Kew, longe to Kingeston, and so up 
almost to Mortela[ke]. And the privilege of Kingeston 
strechith upward almost to Cobham.J 

Metecalfof Knappey in Yorkshire now the chifest house of the Mete- 
Knappey. ca if es was boute by one Thomas Metcalfe, sunne to James 
ire - Metecalfe, of one of the Lordes Scropes of Bolton, and 
then it was a peace of ground of a iiii. poundes by the 
yere : and on it was but a cotage or litle better house, ontille 
this Thomas began ther to build, in the which building 2. 
toures be very fair, beside other logginges. Thomas had 
Jamis, and James had . . . that now is heyre. The 3. firste 
were men of great age, and Thomas was yn those quarters 
a great officer, as steward, surveier or receyver of Riche- 
mont landes, wherby he waxid riche and able to builde and 
purchace. At this tyme many other smaul peaces of landes 
be adnexid to Knappey. And the uplandisch toune thereby 
caullid . . . and other places there aboute be able to 
make a 300. men yn very knowen consanguinite of the 
Metecalfes. 

fo. 27. Inon, corruptely caullid Baynon, and more corruptely 
Baynoun. Baynan, deryvith his house oute of a house in Canter Cely 
by Brekenok caullid . . . 

[* Stow writes "fishemongar and maior of London."] 

[t " W. Walworth founded ye coledge peradventure for John Lufken 
his mastar." Marginal note by Stow in his copy.] 

[J See vol. i, p. 106, for Hampton Court, the nearest point of Leland's 
journey to Kingston.] 

[ Nappa Hall. See before, p. 27.] 



PART VIII 87 

Now the beste of the Inons in landes dwellith at * ... Yorkshire, 
yn the forest of Dene, and is ruler of the forest of Dene f 
under the King, but he descendith of a yongger brother of 
the house in Canter Cely: and Baynons grantfather that is 
now had landes by his wife that was heire to Walloun a 
gentilman of Herefordshire. 

Wylliam Baynon dwelling at * . . . is of the elder brother 
of the house of Cantercely that now is clene out of his 
possession. 

One Robert Darcy clerke, as I hard, to a gentilman or Essex, 
lawier maried a riche marchauntes wife of Maldon that had Darcy of 
parte of 3. or 4. shippes, and apon that purchasid landes. Estsax. 

Robert had Robert, and he was a knight. 

Robert the knight had Thomas. 

And he had Roger. 

Roger had Syr Thomas Darcy that now lyvith. 

The afore sayde Darcys ly buried at Maldon. 

There is a nother house of the Darcys cummyng out of 
this at ... a ... [miles bejyond Maldon. 

The maner of Frogenhale, communely caullid Frogenolle, Kent, 
yoinith to the quarteres of Thong Castelle in Kent by Siding- Frogenhale 
burne, and is of a xlv. li. rent by yere. Of this very auncient flounce. 
house was a knight that did great feates in France, and is 
writen of. 

Frogenhalle that is now was sunne to one of the Sainct 
Johns doughters the beste of that stokke: and this Sainct 
John of Bedforde, or Northamptonshir had vi. or vii. 
doughters that after were very welle maried. And Sainct 
John beyng deade the Duke of Somerset maried his wife, 
and begot only Margaret of her, that after was maried to Genus Marga 
Edmund Erie of Richemont father to King Henry the vii. retae fomitis 
And by this meanes were the S. Johns annexid by con- * 
sanguinite to King Henry the vii. There was a nother of 
the Sainct Johns a blak and a big felow that died at Olivers. 
Fonterabye in Spayne when the late Marquise of Dorset J ohn - 
was there, and heire to this Sainct John [was the] yong 
Sainct John that maried Mr. Whetehilles doughter of the f- 28. 
Marches of Calays. And this yong S. John is sun and heyre 

[* Blanks in the original.] 

Lt See Mr. Baynon in vol. ii, p. 64.] 



88 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Kent, to the doughtter and heyre of Sir John Eversby late knight 
of Suthsax. 

This yong S. John's father caullid, as I remembre, Oliver, 
had gyven hym a peace of land by King Henry the vii. of 
the attaintid landes of the Erie of Lincoln caullid Sayes 
Crofte,* lying in the meades toward Grenewiche. 

Mr. Sulmo hath welle the geneal[og]y of S. John and 
Somersetes. 

My lorde of Rutheland told me that about Henry the 
secondes tyme Ros maried the eldest of the 3. sisters of 
Espec, wherby Espec's landes cam partely to the Roses. 

Humfridus dux Glocestriae, comes Penbrochiae^ et came- 
rarius Angltae. 

Ther cummith a preaty creke to Midleton & in Kent a ... 
miles from Sidingburne, and thither cum praty crayers and 
shippelettys. 

At Bobbing a mile from Sidingborne is a fair maner, and 
a stronge dry place of flynte by it. This maner ons longid 
to the Molynes, then to the Salvages, and now to the 
Clifford. The elder brother of the Clifordes of Kent sold 
it to Syr Thomas Neville : and the yongger brother redemid 
it to hym and his heires. This elder Clifford hath yet a 
maner by Boxle in Kent caullid Sutton Valaunce b wher was 
a park. 

Ther was a poore hospital a mile beyond Sidingburne 
caullid Pokeshaulle. King Henry the vii. gave it to Linche 
his phisisian, and Linche gave it to a sunne of his. I sup- 
pose that it is now quite doune. 

Higheham c a poore priory of nunnes about a iiii. miles 
above Grevesende in Kent on the shore was suppressid by 
Fisshar Bisshop of Rochesters meanes, and given to S. John's 
College in Cantebridge. Sum say that King Stephan was 
founder of it, and that his [systar was nunne ther.] 

One Fleming a very riche man of the toune of Steneford f 



Clifford of 



Alta domus. 



Lincoln- 
shire, 
fo. 29. 



in Lincolnshire was the first founder, as it is said, of the 

[* Manor of Sayes Court, or West Greenwich. ] 
[t Leland at first wrote " Staneford " and corrected it to " Steneford 
in this place only.] 



Milton- 



b Boxley, Sutton Valence. 



Higham. 



PART VIII 89 

Augustine freres in Staunford in the west suburbe hard by Lincoln- 
Sainct Peter's gate. An archidiacon of Richemont was the shirc - 
performer of it. 

Marke here that in this suburbe is a parcelle of grounde The Limes of 
caullid Breede Croft, because that bakers sold there brede ******* 
in that part of the suburbe ; whither yet is recurse oute of 
Ruthelandshire; and ther their sessions be kept. So that 
the shire ground of Rutheland cummith to this suburbe of 
Staunford toune. 

In the southe parte of Staunford tounne withyn the 
waulles and by the market place is an hospitale omnium 
Sanctorum, founded by one Broune of that toune, a mar- 
chant of a very wonderful richenesse, and he lyvid in hac 
aetate. So that sum men be alyve that have scene hym. 

As much privilege is given to the toune of Staunford, 
saving privilege for treason, as hath be geven to any toune 
lightely in England. 

The northen men in one of the iii. firste Kinge Edwardes 
dayes dyd ille [rase] * the toune of Stanford, and brennid 
many writinges of their antiquites and privileges. 

Albeniacus, Lord of Bever a Castel, that of surety standith 
in Leircestreshir in the vale of Bever, was Lorde of Uffing- 
ton by Wiland ryver half a mile bynethe Standforde on the 
farther side of the ripe yn Lincolnshire, and there remainid 
greate tokens of a maner place embatelid of his ; the which 
by the yere f of Rutheland now ly ving, and having it by 
Rosse heir generale, hath well bene repairid. And at such 
tyme as Albeneys lay communely at Uffington, one of them 
buildid Newsteede b a priory of chanons, and there was 
buried, as I hard, the 2, the 3, and the 4. of the Albeneys. 

This Newstede is withyn lesse then a mile beneth Stan- 
ford, but not hard apon the ryver. And bycause that a 
greate voice rennith that sumtyme readinges of liberalle 
sciences were at Staunford, the names of Peterborough 
Haulle, Semplingham and Vauldier yet remayn there as fo. 30. 

[* The comer of the leaf is torn off. Hearne read the last word " to." 
Stow has "rase."] 
[t Sic. ? Earl.] 



Belvoir. b Newstead, Lincolnshire. 



90 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lincoln- places for those houses of men of religion that sent their 
shire. scholars thither to study: except a man wille say that these 
houses otherwise cumming to them kept theyr names. 

There is a stone bridge a quarter of a mile beyond Staun- 
forde towarde Newstede, and under it rennith a riveret 
caullid Wasche. a This water risith yn Leyrcestreshire, and 
cummith by Gritham b in Ruthelandshire, and by Master 
Harington's place caullid . . . The hole course from the 
hedde of it a litle byneth Wasch Bridge where it goith into 
Welande River a litle beneth Staundford c toune is an xviii. 
or xx. miles. 

The commune saying is there that Wasche and Wiland 
shaul droune al Holande. 

There cummith many smale rilles into this river of 
Wasche. Wasche cummith by Casterton, sumtyme longging 
to the Lorde Husey. . . . 

Rutland. Chater ryver cummith into Weland about a 2. miles 
above Stanford in ripa super. It risith in Ruthelandshir or 
the egge of Leircestreshire a xvi. miles of by west, and 
cummith within a mile of Uppingham beying in Stanford of 
the hither ripe, and thens vi. miles to Okam a mile of on 
the farther ripe, and so to Ketton a v. miles in respect, 
being in Stanford on the hither ripe : and there is a stone 
bridge over Chater of a vi. arches of stone and half a mile 
lower in to Weland ryver. 

There dwelle in Ketton 2. gentilmen of praty landes, 
Kingeston and . . . 

There be diverse springes conveyid yn leade to the Freres 
houses of Staunforde. 

And one fair springe is conveiyd a quarter of a mile of 
ynto the hart of the toune : and that hath 2. or 3. castelles 
in the toun. 

Mr. Garter contendith that Thomas Boyerton, sunne to 
Edward the first, maried a meane gentilwoman yn Fraunce 
at Burdeaux withoute his father's counsel, for his pleasure;* 

[* Mr. Garter was wrong in the first part ; Thomas de Brotherton, 
eldest son of Edward I's second wife, was but five years old at his father's 
death. Both the wives of Thomas were English ladies, and he had two 
daughters.] 

a Gwash r, b Greetham. o Stamford. 



PART VIII 



and that he had but one doughter, and that she was maried 
to one Segrave : and that Segraves doughter was maried to 
Mowbray, and that Barkeley cam after to part land. But 
loke better for this.* 

Morgan tolde me that one of the laste Lorde Herebertes 
buildid al the beste logges of the castel of Ragelande. 

After the dethe of Herebert Erie of Penbroke one Syr 
Walter Herebert was heyre in apparance, and he being in 
displeasure made his sister as heire to the lande: ande she 
was maried to Syr Charles Somerset. 

There is a castel in Wentlough caullid Castelle goughe. 

The landes of the Mallettes of Yorkshire by sales and Yorkshire 
heires generates be sore disparkelid, and of them ys now 
but one that hath landes, and it is but a xxx. li. by the 
yere. 

His best house is at Normantoun, a 3. myle from Wake- 
feld yn Yorkshire, lower then Wakefeld but a mile from the 
hither ripe of Calder. 

He hath lande also a 3. miles above Wakefeld toward the 
hither ripe of Calder yn the paroche of Altofte. Ther hath 
bene, as mines show, a maner place. It [is] now caullid 
Malleting f for Malletes . . . 

Syr Davy Philippes, that lyith buried in a paroche chirch Northants. 
by the bridge gate of Stanford on the Hille, had a praty fo. 31. 
manor place, as I hard, at Thorne a 2. or 3. miles from Davy Philip 
Stanford, and ther lay dyverse tymes with hym certen wardes 
and gentilmen longing to my Lady Margarete the kinges 
grandedame % that now is. 

The house of Coly Westeton, as sum say, was first be- 
gon by a gentilman that gave 3. sylver belles in a felde of 
sables to his armes, and that he was first a paroche clerk, as 
it is said, of Coly Weston self or thereaboute : and that the 
Lord Crumwelle augmentid it : and that the Lady Margaret, 
King Henry the vii. mother, augmentid it. 

I hard that Edmunde of Langeley, King Edwardes sun, 

[* Leland's note for himself.] 

[t Leland has a sidenote "Ing. Saxonice, nunc vulgo Mede" The 
last line of the leaf is here defaced and torn. ] 

[ Margaret Beaufort, married Edmund Tudor, died 1509.] 

[ Burton wrote " Northam." in the margin, against the word " gentil- 
man " ; a still later hand|has set "he meaneth Porter." See vol. i, 22, 29. 



92 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

did great coste of Fodringey Castel, and that his sunne aug- 
mentid the college there begon by hym. 

Sussex. The market towne of Petteworth yn the Wald of Southsax 
fo. 32. is right welle encreasid syns the yerles of Northumbreland 
usid litle to ly there. For now the men there make good 
clothe. 

The parsone of the toune hath muche pryvilege there, and 
concerning certen tenauntes that he hath there kepith his 
courte and leete. 

One parson Aeon buildid the spire of the faire steple there 
in the toune, and also made the fayre bridge of stone caullid 
Rotherbridge scant a mile from Peteworth apon the water a 
Codurusflu. that cummith doune from Cowdrey. 

Parson Edmundes of late dayes perceyving the great lak 
of water at Petworth caussid chiefly a great spring, the hedde 
wherof is about a mile from the toune, to be brought in lede 
to Petworth, parte of the water cumming to the manor place, 
part to the personage, the residew to ii. or iii. places yn the 
streate of the toune. 

In the chyrche of Petworth ly buried sum of Percy's 
childern, but none of the lordes. 

Ther lyith one Syr William Redmille a knight that dwellid, 
as I hard, in a log of the great parke there. 

Ther lyith also one or ii. [of]* the Scropes: and as I harde 
there be buried summe of the Scropes at Bosgrove Priory by 
[Stalvea]cre a late the Lord Delawar house. 

Dauterey. There be buried also yn Petworth Chyrch certein of the 
Dautereis, whos names in Latine there wryten de alta ripa. 

The chefest house of these Dautereis is in Petworth 
paroche caullid the More, half a mile from Petworth toune. 
There is a nother house longing to them in Petworth by the 
chirch. 

About a mile lower then Rother Bridge by Petworth apon 
the hither ripe appere vestigia and a mote of an auncient 
manor place caullid Baienet, J wher, as I lernid, ons Dikes, a 
gentilman of fair landes, sumtime lay. On the farther side 
of the ripe is a waren of conys adjacent to it. 

[* Leland omits.] 



a West Rother r. 



PART VIII 93 

The Dykes landes by heyres generalles is devolvid now to Sussex. 
Mr. Goring and to Mr. Deringe.* Sum say that ther was a 
3. sister that was maryed to Shirley (Coferer of the Kinges 
House), and that part came to the other ii. And as I re- 
member Rivers Park thereby longgid to the Dikes. 

At the mouth of Arundel streame* as apon the se lyith 
ii. tounelettes a 4. miles from Arundel. The hither is caullid 
Cudlo,f and of it the haven is caullid Cudlo Haven. The 
farther is caullid Litle Hampton. 

There is a faire wod longging to the bisshop of Cantorbyri, 
and a park, and an auncient place in it cawlyd Slindon J on 
the right hond in [the way almoste betwixt Arundle and 
Chichester.] 

There is a tounelet a 2. or 3. miles lower then Chicester fo. 33. 
on the farther side of the creke, caullid Fischeburne, wherof 
of sum the haven is caullid Fischeburne Haven. And to this 
creke resortith the litle broke that cummith by Chichester. 

Pers de Langetofte, chanon of Bridlington in Yorkshire, f- 43- 
translatid into Frenche ryme Herebertus de Boseham booke 
of the lyfe of Thomas Beket. 

Ex Chronico incerti Auctoris qui Epitomen Galfredi scripsit^ 
et de Regibus Saxo: et Normannorum ad tempora Henrici. 

Osmundus Epus Sarum, Cancellarius Regis. 

Henricus 2. dictus Curtemantel. Nam iste primo trans- 
vexit curia mantella ab Andegavis in Angliam. 

Edvardus i s . de 2". ux. genuit Thomam Dominum de 
Brotherton. 

Joannes Holand^ dux Excestriae^ capitur a communitate 
apud Pritewelle in quo dam molendino^ et deductus ad caste Hum 
de Plasshey, et ibidem decollatur. 

An". 9. Henrici 5. Edmundus Holland, comes Cant, factus 
Admirallus Angliae. 

[* See before p. 78.] 

[t Cudlow; in 1835 the parish was reduced to loo acres by the sea. 
Horsfield's Sussex, II, 112.] 

[t Leland has a sidenote, "Avondunum, forsan Cilindun[um ?], 
betwixt Arundel and Chichester."] 

* Arun r. 



94 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



North- 
umberland. 

Burgh Castel- 
lum ad austra- 
lem ripam 
Tini, vide 
num sit Cai- 
ruruach. 

Twiford juxta 
Alneflu. 



Stagnum Nec- 
tani. Sepul- 
tura Ecfridi 
regis. 

*fo. 35- 



Henricus quintus natus apud Monemuth in Wallia 20. die 
Mart, in Festo S. Cutheberti. 

A Frenche chronike from the tyme of Richard the firste 
to the tyme of Eduarde the firste in a bullatike or bastard 
Romaine hand. 

Ex historia incerti auctoris de paucis Northumbr. regibus et 
episcopis Transhumbranis . 

Ferunt quidam S. regem Oswinum natum in quodam castro 
Burgh antiquitus nuncupate, cujus fundamenta pro parte ad- 
huc manent ex australi parte aquae de Tina prope Southe- 
sheles a in territorio quod nuncest Prioris Dunelmi. Ecfridus 
rex Northumbr. anno D. 785. dedit Cuthberto episcopo villam 
de Creke et tria in circuitu ejus milliaria. 

Sy nodus a Theodora Arch, celebrata apud Twiford juxta 
Alnefiu. 

Ex tabula Donationis Ecfridi regis Cuthberto 15. anno ejus 

regni. 

Pro salute animae meae et successorum meorum donavi 
civitatem quae vocatur Lugubalia, et in circuitu ejus quindecim 
milliaria. 

Ecfridus rex occisus a Pictis apud Nectansmere, sepultus est 
in Hi insula Columbae. 

*Eadfridus episcopus Lindisfarnensis fervens amore prae- 
decessoris sui Cuthberti oratorium in suae anachoreticae con- 
versationis insula, jam vetustate dissolutum, a fundamentis 
restauravit, Felgildo tune ibidem in vita solitaria post Ethel- 
woldum conversante. 

Ethelwoldus primo presbyter in Ripun. 

Ethelwoldus 12. annis vixit in Fame insula, ibidem obiit, 
at sepultus in Lindisfarne juxta praedictorum episcoporum 
corpora. 

Ethelwoldus abbas Mailrosensis, etolim Cuthberti minister, 
successit Eadfrido in episcopatu Lindisfarnensi. Hie Ethel- 
woldus fecerat crucem artifici opere expoliri, etin suimemoriam 
suum in* eo nomen exarare: cujus summitatem multo post 

[* Sic. but read ea nomen exarari. Hearne.] 



a South Shields. 



PART VIII 95 

tempore, dum ipsam ecclesiam Lindisfarnensem pagani devas- North- 
tarent, fregerunt; sed post artificis ingenio reliquae parti in- umberland 
fuso plumboipsafractura est adjuncta, semperque deinceps cum 
corpore S. Cuthberti crux ipsa circumferri solebat. Quae 
etiam usque hodie in Dunelmensis ecclesiae cimiterio stans sub- 
limis utrorumque pontificum intuentibus exhibet monimentum. 

Ceolwulphus intravit Lindisfarne coenobium, S. Cuthberto 
secum conferens thesauros regios et terras, id est, Brigesne et 
Werceword cum suis appendiciis, simul et ecclesiam quam Wtrceword. 
ibidem aedificaveraf : alias quoque 4. villas, Wudecestre, 
Hwitingham, Eadulfingham, et Egivulfingham. Hi sunt ter- 
mini praedictae donationis, ab aqua quae vocatur Luia usque Lnia flu. 
ad Cocwnda, et inde usque ad civitatem quae vocatur Brince- 
welle, et a Cocwnda usque ad Hafodscelfe versus orientem, et 
ab Alna usque ad dimidiam viam inter Cocwnda et Alna. 

Corpus Ceolwulphi regis translatum a Lindisfarnensi 
ecclesia ad Norham per Ecfridum, ejusdem loci antistitem. 
Post multos autem annos caput ejus Dunelmum translatum est. 

Ex Annalibus incerti auctoris. fo. 36. 

Wilhelmus comes Waren obiit 5. Idus Maii, Anno D. 1 138. 

Anno D* 1145. Ebrardus episcopus a Norwico Fontenei Norfolk. 
recessit, et ibidem vitamfinivit. 

Gul. de Rale ex episcopo Norwic. consecratus in episcopum 
Winton. 

Anno Di 1258. Fratres Minores occupaverunt locum in 
villa S. Edmundi contra libertates et privilegia ejusdem 
ecclesiae. 

Anno D. 1263. Fratres Minores expulsi sunt de villa 
S. Edmundi, et datur eis locus extra quatuor cnices: et mon- 
achi domum eorum fregerunt et deleverunt. 

Anno D i 1269. D* Simon de Milham abbas de Langeley Langeley 
obiit. Successit Richerus de Massingham quintus abbas illius ^ bay h f^ 

Philip Tilney of Northfolk had much of the Thorps landes, fo. 36 v. 
and emong other was the goodly maner of Aschewelle Thorp Tylney. 
by Wyndam a in Northfolk. 

a Wymondham. 



96 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Norfolk. He had also Thetford in the Isle of Ely, the wich I think 
was Thorpes land also. 

There were 2. brethern of the Thorps, one, as I hard, 
Cancellar of England, and the other chefe juge.* 

Philip had iii. sunnes, Frederik, Robert and Hughe, and 
xii. doughters. 

He lefte to Frederik 700. markes by the yere of landes. 

And Philip or he died was prist and prebendari of Lin- 
colne, and is buried in the minster of Lincoln afore the west 
dore of the chirch. 

Massingham in Northfolk longid to Philip Tilney, and he 
had much lande in Lincolnshire. Wherapon I gesse that 
partely the Tilneys name rose in Lincolnshire. 

Mr. Framelingham that a late maried Sir Philip Tilney's 
wife told me that the Tilneis had a house hard by Boston 
toun, and that one of the Tilneys lyith in Boston chirch by 
the stepille, and that he was a greate maker of the stepil. 

Frederik had only a doughter, the which was maried to 
fo. 37. the Lorde Barnes, father to the laste Lord Barnes. So that 
the last Lorde Barnes was her sunne and heyre of the Tylneis 
landes. 

Thomas Duke of Northfolk after the death of the old 
lorde Barnes maried her, and had his 3. notable sunnes 
by her. 

The laste lorde Barnes solde almost the substance of al 
his landes. 

Knevet the servient porter to the King maried the Lorde 
Barnes doughter, and thereby he had sum landes, and also 
his childerne now have by the Lord Barnes, and chefely 
Asschewel Thorp by Windeham. 

Robert secunde sunne to Philip Tilney had gyven hym by 
his father a hunderith poundes by yere of lande in Cam- 
bridgeshire, and there Robertes heir yet duellith. 

Hugh the third sun had a hunderith pound lande at 
Boston and in the partes of Lincolnshire. Sir Philip Tilney 
of Southfolk was sun to hym, and the Duches of Northfolk 
his doughter. 

The old Philip also bestowid his xii. doughters so welle 

[* Stow has a sidenote to this, * ' William Thorpe chefe Judge of the 
Kynges benche, 22 of E. the 3. " 



PART VIII 97 

that the lest of them was maried to a man of xl. pound 
landes. 

The greate graunt-father of Alington now in Cambridgshire 
was the firste of that name that enhabitid there. 

Olde Thomas of Darby, as Mr. Haul told me, was the 3. Derby. 
of the Standeleys that had the name of a lorde. This Thomas 
was after made Erie of Darby. 

Sum say that Thomas was first of the Standeley that was 
made lorde and after erle. 

Much of the Standeleys landes cam by Latham of Latham 
afore that Thomas was made erle. The attaintid landes of 
Pilkington, Broughton and Wotton were after gyven hym. 

And Standeley Lord Montegle hath the Lord Harington's 
landes. 

Sum say that there is a manor place in Glocestreshire lately fo. 38. 
caullid Tresham Haule, or a like name, and that by likely- 
hod that should be the auncientest house of the Treshams. 
At this tyme ther be 2. houses of the Treshams in Northamp- Northants. 
tonshire. The elder brothers house is now communely at 
Ruschton by Catering. 11 But he caullith hymself communely 
Tresham of Leveden a 2. myles from Undale b in Northamp- 
tonshire, where yet standithe parte of auncient maner place 
and godely medows about it; and there hath Tresham a 300. 
markes by the yere. This Tresham hath also a manor and 
place at Siwel c a 3. or 4. milys from Northampton by north. 

In tymes paste one Willyam Tresham, owner of these 
landes, cumming from Northampton toward Siwelle, and 
saying his matens, was cruelly slayne by one Salisbyri and 
Glin of Wales, servantes to the Lorde Gray of Ruthyne, with 
their route.* This William had a route of servantes cum- 
ming by chaunce half a myle behynd him, and they hering 
the scry cam and cut of eche end of the spere yn hym, 
bringging hym bak to Northampton, where after the truncheon 
was pullid out he dyed. 

Tresham of Neuton 2. miles from Ruschton cummith of 
a yongger brother caullid Henry, that maryid Mulshos heir. 

[* 22nd Sept., 1450. Leland interlined "with their route," with 
a caret before "servants." This making dubious sense, I transpose as 
above.] 

Rushton near Relieving. b Oundle, Sywell. 

IV. H 



9 8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Northants. This Henry was graunt-father or great-graunt-father to Tres- 

ham of Neuton now alyve, and to Doctor Tresham of 

Oxford.* Tresham of Newtonslandesysaboutaioo. poundes. 

Herts. Firste S. Alban's (Redburne)f water a cummithe downe. 

More and Then cummith Colney b streame, and these mete a 3. miles 

Colun above the More Place on the farther ripe caullid Mereden, 

and there both waters be but smaul, but Sainct Alban's 

water is the bigger. And a mile beneth Mereden is Watforde, 

a praty thorough fare on the farther ripe of the hole arme 

after the confluence. 

Then cummeth Hempstede water c doune into the More 
streame a quarter of a mile or more a this side Rikemansworth. 
Bercamstede broke d metith with Hempstede water at Tway 
waters mille. Hempstede is a ix. milys from the More by 
northe : and a 3. miles above that at greate Gatesdene e by 
northe is the hedde of this streame. And yn Richemans- 
worth self is a division of the great streame cumming to his 
course agayne. Lowde water f cummith into the great streame 
of More water a flite shot lower on the farther ripe then 
Gatesden water or ever the great cum to Richemansworthe. 

Richemansworth is no market toun, but it is in Hertforde- 
shire. The More is also in Hertfordshire. 

Then cummith in Hamersham water a this side Uxbridge. 

Hamersham water g is communely taken for the limes be- 
twixt Hertford and Bukinghamshires. 

Hamersham b a market in Bukinghamshir. 

fo. 39. Peter Delamar, a man of about a xii. c. markes of lande 
by the yere, dyed without issue male in Edwarde the 3. 
dayes: but he had 3. doughters maryed to these gentilmen; 
S. John,}; S. Amande, and William de la Roche, the which 
3. devidid the landes of Delamare. The castelle of Nunny * 
Delamar in Somersetshire, and the lordship of Fischarton 
yn Wyleshire cam to S. John in partition. 

[* Wm. Tresham, D.D., died 1569. L. T. S.] 
[t "Redburne "written above "S. Albans." Stow omits it. Red- 
bourne is four and a half miles from St. Albans.] 

[J Burton underlined S. John, and wrote Pawlet in the margin.] 



a More, or Ver r. 
d Bulbourne r. 
s Misbourne r. 



b Coin r. 

6 Gaddesden. 

11 Amersham. 



c Gade r. 
f Chess r. 

1 Nunney. 



PART VIII 99 

S. Amande had * ... 

William de la Roche had * ... 

But Mr. Bainton told me that there were but 2. that de- 
vidid Delamares landes. And that S. Amand had by heire 
general of Gul. de la Roche such landes as the said Roche 
had by Delamare : and that lande is now cum to Mr. Bainton. 

Syr Edward Baynton's father had to wife the last Lord 
S. Amande sister and heire because he had no legitime 
childe. 

There was a yonger brother of this house of the Delamares : p e t er Dela- 
and he by praeferrement of mariage had about the tyme of mare the 
Edwarde the 3. the doughtter and heyre of one Achard a y n er - 
man of faire landes in Barkeshire. Berks. 

The firste of the Achardes was praeferried to vii. lordshipes 
in Barkeshire by Henry the first gifte, wher of 2. of the 
principal were thus namid, Sparshold and Aldermanton. 

At Sparshold lyith one of the Achards honorably byried 
in a chapel annexid hard to the side of the paroche chirche 
having a chauntery: and on eche side of hym lyith a wife of 
his. There is a commune saying that the one of them was 
a duches, and the other a countes. But this saying hath litle 
apparaunce of truthe. 

Syr Thomas Delamare, Knight of the Sepulchre, the last 
of this house had a sun caullid John, and he diyng afore 
Thomas his father left 2. doughters: wherof one was maried 
to Humfre Foster, father to Syr Humfre that now lyvith: 
the other to Morton of Dorsetshir, kinesman to Cardinal 
Morton; but she had no childern, and so the landes of this 
Delamer cam totally to Foster. t 

Delamare dying withoute issue male lefte a doughter that 
was maried to ... Foster: and so v. of the vii. lordshipes 
of Acharde above spoken be yet in Sir Humfrede Foster's 
handes that now most duellith at Aldermanton. * 

The house of Syr Humfrede Foster in Barkeshire cam fo. 40. 
oute of the house of Fosters of Northumbreland, of whom 
one of late tyme was caullid Syr Thomas Foster, and was 
mareschal of Barwike. 

[* Blanks in original. ] 

[t Leland wrote this paragraph in the margin, perhaps later, and 
with more exact knowledge than the paragraph which follows it.] 



ioo LELAND'S ITINERARY 

This youngger brother of the Fosters of Northumbreland 
were first plantid in Edwarde the 3. tyme, and by his ad- 
vauncement to faire landes in Somersetshire by the partes 
where a late the priory of Early was. And after one of the 
Fosters for a notable murder doone cam to sanctuary, and 
thens fledde beyond the se : and leving doughters byhinde 
hym part of his landes confiscate was gyven to them that 
maried his doughters. (One of the Wadhams maried one of 
these doughters.) And after that Foster had his pardon, and 
gatherid sum landes again in Somersetshir that yet remayne 
to Sir Humfrey Foster. 

Hants. Then Popham a gentilman of very faire landes in South- 
amptonshir dyid withoute issue male aboute Henry the vi. 
dayes : and leving iiii. doughters they were thus maryed, to 
Foster, to Barentine, to Wadham, to Hamdene. 

Humfrede Foster, grandfather to Syr Humfrey Foster now 
lyving, maried this Popham's doughter. 

And I hard say that Wadham had not alonly equal parte 
in division of Popham's landes, but also bycause his wife was 
doughter to the second wife of Popham that was an inheritor 
he had also the hole lande that movid by his mother, be- 
side the partion* of the landes of Popham. 

There be diverse lordshipes that bere the name of Popham. 

And as I lernid Popham Dene 3. miles from Clarington, 
and 3. miles from Mottisham as in the midle way betwene, 
was sumtyme the chefe lordship or manor place of the Pop- 
hams. 

Hangging Langforde in Wileshire was Popham's, and cam 
in partition to Fostar. 

There was one of the Pophams f that had this stile by 
offices : Chauncelar of Normandy, Capitaine of Vernoile, a of 
Perche, of Susan b and Bayon: Tresorer of the Kinges 
Housold. He lyith at the Charter House chirch in London. 

The firste nobilitating of the Pophams, as it is saide, was 
by Matilde Emperes, doughter to Henry the firste, and by 
Henry the 2. her sunne. 

[* Sic, query portion or partition.'] 

[t Sir John Popham, younger son of an ancient Hampshire family. 
Died about 1463.] 

a Verneuil. b St. Susanne. c Appointed 1437. 



PART VIII 101 

Loke for Popham's epitaph yn versis in a table.* 

Loke apon Popham's image over the south dore of S. Se- 
pulchres chirch at London. He buildid a peace of the chirch. 
Popham left very great treasor in straunge coynes.* 

Popham gave the bukkes hed in cognisauns. Oxfordshire. 

The faire lordeship of Harpeden and fair auncient and fo. 41. 
large manor place with dobil courtes standing in Oxfordshir 
within half a mile of Henle apon Tamise longgid to the 
Harpedenes gentilmen of fame, and cam to the Foster of 
Barkeshire. 

Syr Humfre Foster's father had 2 1 childerne. 

One Henry Framelingham, communely caullid by office Suffolk. 
Henry Surveyar, was a stout felow and had faire lande in Frameling- 
and about Framelingham toune. ham, 

And after cam one Jenkin Framelingham, and purchacid 
a faire lordship and manor place about Debenham market a 
mile from Some a in Southfolk. This maner place stondith 
on a praty hille and a wood aboute it a litle withoute Deben- 
ham market toune, and is caullid Crowis Haulle. b For one 
Crow a gentilman was owner of it, or ever Jenkin Frame- 
lingham bought it. This Jenkin lyith yn Debenham chirche: 
and sins the Framelinghams hath bene lordes of the toune 
of Debenham. The Framelinghams of late exchaungid with 
the lordes of Northfolk and Wingefeld for their landes in 
Framelingham self, and in sum other partes very nere to it. 

Ther be no mo of the Framelinghams that be men of 
landes there but the onely Framelingham of Debenham. 
Framelingham servient at armes is . . .f 

Ex libra Donationum Monaster. de Kingeswod. fo. 47. 

Gul. de Barkeley dedit Abbatiae de Tinterne Kinggeswood Gloucester 
ad fundandam ibi Abbatiam. shire. 

////' de Kingeswood emerunt Haseldene d Dno de S. Joanne, 
cui rex hanc terram tempore hostilitatis% nam erat Reginalds 
de S. Walerico. 

[* Leland's notes in margin.] 

[t Leaves 42 to 46 of the original, genealogies of the Earl of Oxford, 
are transferred to Appendix I (a) of this vol.] 
[+ Adde dederaty vel quid simile. Hearne.] 



Soham. b Crow's Hall. 



102 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- Reginaldus de S. Walerico suis restitutus terris abegit mo- 
shire. nachos de Haseldene. Postea autem recepit eos, et pars major 

conventus de Kinggeswood trans la fa * est ad Haselden. 

Postea propter aquae penuriam Reg. de S. Walerico trans- 
tulit eos ab Haselden ad Tettebyri. 

Rogerus Barkeley filius GuL Berkeley conabatur aut redu- 
cere monachos de Tettebyri ad Kingeswood^ aut Kingeswood 
eis auferre tanquam suumfundum. 

Barnardus de S. Walerico fundator ecclesiae de Tettebyri 
emit Mireford prope Kingeswod a Roger o Barkeley^ et eo quia 
Tettebyri ligni copia carebat, mon\achos\ transtulit. 

Reg. Berkeley dedit manerium suum de Acholte monaster. 
S. Mariae de Kingeswod. 

Henricus Lovel testis. 



Robertus de Berkeley filius Roberti de Berkeley. 
Philippus et Olivarius fratres Roberti junior is. 
Testis Rogerus Comes Herford. 



Hawisia uxor Dnl de Veel. 
Nicolaus Kingeston miles. 

Charta Matildis de Veel uxoris Gaufridi de Veel. 
Robertus de Veel filius Gaufridi. 
Gaufride de Wrokeshal miles. 
Joannes Chansy miles. 
Petrus de Veel miles. 
Joannes de Welington miles. 
Thomas de Veel miles filius Petri. 
Gul. de Bradelega. 
Hugo de Bradaelega. 
Duddelegh pratum. 
Manerium de Hakesbyri. 
Manerium de Acholt^ alias Kingeswood. 
Thomas de S. Walerico Bernardi filius. 
Robertus de la Mare. 
fo. 48. Charta abbatis"\ de Bitnesden de terra in villa Chirington. 

[* Translates. MS.] 

[t "Charta abbatis Robertus de Rochfort" (fo. 48) is omitted by 
Stow. Leland first wrote Betlesden, but corrected as above.] 



PART VIII 103 

Joannes de Warimunde. Gloucester. 

Isabella de Longo-campo, uxor Gaufredi de Longo-campo, "hire. 
filia Henricide Mineriis. 
Reginaldus de Breuse. 
GuL Butevilayne. 

Humfredus de Bohun comes Herford, et constabularius Angl. 
Elizabeth de Gamages. 
Walterus de Esselega. 
Humfridus le Barre. 

Humfredus Bohun comes Herford et Essex. 
Gul. de Breuse. 
GuL de Breuse junior. 
Richardus de Breuse filius Gul. 
Petrus de B ruse filius Gul. 
Aldulphus de Tettebyri. 
Rogerus Hereuard. 
Henricus le Moyne. 
Richardus Passelew. 
Joannes de Breuse. 
Thomas de Planca. 
Petrus de Iwelege. 
Rogerus filius Philippi de Berkeley. 
Robertus filius Nigelli. 
Calicote villa. 
Simon de Olpenne. 
Henricus Berkeley Dns de Dursley. 
Manasserus de Hastinges. 
Delabere. 
Robertus de Rochefort. 

Genealogia Berchelegorum. 

Har dingus ex regia prosapia regni Daciae oriundus fuit in fo. 49. 
tempore Gul. Conquestoris, et Bristolliam inhabitavit a". Dm Genealogia. 
1 069. postea Dns de Berkeley. 

An . D. 1135. tempore Stephani regis Robertus filius Har- 
dingi genuit ex Eva sponsa sua quatuor filios^ videlicet 
Mauritium de Barkeley^ Robertum de Wer, Nicolaum de 
Tikenham^ et Thomam archidiaconum Wigorniensem An . D. 



An . D. 1148. 3. Idus Apr. die videlicet Paschae^fundatio 



104 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- monaster. S. Augustini Brisloll, et congregatio fratrum ejus- 
shire. dem per Dnm Robertum filium Hardingi praedicti. 

An . D. 1170. die S. Agathae virginis obiit Ds. Robertus 
filius Harding^ miles, et canonicus, ac fundator monaster. S. 
Augustini Bristolliae. 

Mauritius primogenitus Roberti filii Hardingi ex Alicia 
sponsa, filia Rogeri de Durslegh genuit Robertum, Thomam, 
et Mauritium. 

Robertus primog. Mauritii habuit duas uxores, videlicet 
Luciam et Lucianam,* et obiit sine herede de se exeunte, et sic 
descendit hereditas Thomaefratri suo. 

Thomas accepit in ux. Isabellam consanguineam regis 
Joannis, et ex ea genuit Mauritium, Thomam et Robertum. 

Iste rex Joannes habuitfratremjuniorem, scilicet Richardum 
comitem Cornubiae, regem Hierusalcm ac regem Alemanniae, 
qui fuit pater Isabellae praedictae, qui fundavit 4. Abbatias, 
scilicet Ascheruge, Hailes, et 2. alias. 

Mauritius primogenitus occisus erat apud Killingeworth. 

Thomas frater ejus successit ei, et accepit in ux. Joannam 
filiam comitis de Ferreres, et genuit ex ea Mauritium, Thomam, 
Joannem et Jacobum. 

Mauritius primogenitus Thomae accepit in ux. filiam Ivonis 
Dnl. de la Zouche, et genuit ex ea Thomam, Mauritium^ 
Joannem^ Yvonem et Petrum. 

Thomas t primogenitus Mauritii accepit in ux. Margaretam, 

filiam Rogeri de Mortimer , comitis de la Marche, et genuit ex 

ea Mauritium, Thomam, et Robertum. Mortua vero Marga. 

Thomas praedictus accepit in ux. Dominam quae quondam 

uxor Petri le Veel. 

fo. 50. Mauritius de Berkeley primogenitus Thomae accepit in ux. 
Elizabeth, filiam Hugonis de Spenser, et genuit ex ea Thomam, 
Jacobum et Joannem. Obiit. 6. Idus Jun. a". D. 1359. 

Thomas primogenitus Mauritii accepit in ux. Margaretam, 
filiam Wareni le Lisle, et genuit ex ea filiam unam nomine 
Elisabeth, quam Richardus filius comitis de Warwik accepit 
in uxorem. 

Jacobus filius Jacobi, filii Mauritii, successit Thomae, et 

[* Julianam apud DugdaHum de Baronibus Angliae, Tom. I. p. 352. 
quern vide sis. Hearne.] 

[t Thomas iste sepultus apud Berkeley. Sidenote in MS.] 



PART VIII 105 

accepit in uxorem Isabel 'lam, filiam duds Northfolciae^ et Gloucester- 
habuit ex ea quatuorfilios^ Gulielmum, Jacobum, Mauritium sbire - 
et Thomam. 

An . D. 1347 die Martis 3. Cal. Jun. D. Thomas de 
Berkeley disponsavit dnd. Catarinam, nuper consortem D i . 
Petri le Veele^ filiam D\ Joannis de Clifdon apud Charfeld. 

An". Dnl. 1348. 7. die Jun. in Festo Tran. S. Wolstani 
episcopi natus est Thomas filius praedicti D i . Thomae ac 
Catarinae apud Berkeley ', quern Wolstanus episcopus Wigorn. 
4. a Nativitate die baptizavit. 

An . D. 1349. 27. die Maii natus est Mauritius praedicti 
Thomae et Catarinae filius apud Berkeley. 

An. D. 1350. 10. die mensis Julii natus est Edmundus 
ejusdem Thomae et Catarinae filius. 

An". D. 1351. 21*. Januar. natus est Joannes praedicti 
Thomae et Catarinae filius apud Wotton Under Egge. 

Ther was great harte burning betwixt the Lorde Berkeley fo. 51. 
and the Lorde Lisle for the maner of Wotton Under Egge, 
in so much that they pointid to fight, and meting yn a 
medow at a place caullid Nebley, a Berkeley's archers sodainly 
shotte sore, and the Lord Lisle lifteting up the visar of his 
helme was by an archer of the forest of Dene shotte in at 
the mouth and oute of the nek : and a few beside beyng 
slayn Lisle menne fled : and Berkeley with his menne straite 
spoilid the maner place of Wotton, and kepte the house. 
Berkeley favorid Henry the 6. parte. Lisle favorid Edwarde 
the 4. 

Berkeley to wyn after Kinge Eduarde's good wylle pro- 
misid to make the Marquise of Dorset his heire: bat that 
succedid not. 

Berkeley was ons a sure frende to King Richard the 3. 

Thus partid Berkeley from his landes. First he was 
rather winkid at then forgyven of the death of the Lord 
Lisle. And he beyng withoute heires his brother solde and 
dyd bargen for his owne sunne, heire apparent to the 
landes. Wherapon Lord Berkeley in a rage made King 
Henry the 7. his heire for [moste of his lands,] and after 
was made a marquise, and lyeth buried in the Augustine 
Freres in London. 

Nibley. 



io6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Wiltshire. Ex libro quodam Edindonensis monasterii.* 

Quinto Non.Jul.primojactatumfuitfundamentum domus 
sive monasterii de Edindone, a. D. 1352. 

Decimo sexto CaL Octobr. fuit prima tonsura fratrum 
monasterii praedicti, an . D*. 1358. 

Ecclesia conventualis de Edyndon dedicata fuit a Roberto 
Weyvile episcopo Sarum in honore Jacobi Apostoli, S. Cata- 
rinae^ et omnium Sanctorum a. D i . 1361". 

Octavo Id. Octobr. Gul. de Edyndone Wintoniensis epi- 
scopus fundator monaster. praedicti obiit a. D. 1366. 

Inscript. portae de Thornbyri. 

This gate was begon in the yere of our Lord God 1511. 
the 2. yere of the reigne of King Henry the 8. by me 
Edwarde Duke of Bukkingham, Erie of Hereford, Stafforde, 
and Northampton. 

The Dukes Worde: 
Dorene savant. 

fo. 52. Ex Charta de limitibus Forestae de Blakemore 

in comitatu Dorsete. 

Dorsetshire. Extendit se versus boream ad Westebridg pontem prope 
Shirburne: et ab eodem ponte versus occidentem et austrum ad 
villam de Yatminstre, et ab ea versus austrum ad villam de 
Evershitte^ et ab ea versus orientem ad villam de Cerne, et ab 
ea versus orientem ad villam de Midleton^ et ab ea versus 
boream ad villam de Stourminster Castelle^ et ab ea versus 
occidentem ad villam de Caundelpurs^ et ab ea usque ad 
villam de Hey don versus occidentem usque ad praedictum pon- 
tem de Weste-Bridge. 

Henrici 2*. tempore foresta de Blakemore pro majori parte 
deforestata. 

Sequenti tempore tota deforestata. 

Perambulatio Forestae de Blakemore per hos Nobiles 
facta a. Edwardi regis 28. 

Gilbertus Knoille. Joannes Gilberte. 
Humfredus de Walden. Joannes Mawba. 

\* Edington, Wilts. See vol. ii, pp. 23, 24, as to this house.] 



PART VIII 107 

Feodati in Foresta: Dorsetshire. 

Walterus de la Linde. Richardus le Gau. Richardus 
Brutte. Walterus Thornhull. Rogerus Plumber. 

Ex libello de Inquisitione Forestae de Gillingham 
a. 6. Edwardi Secundi. 

Nomina nobilium juratorum. Richardus de Manneston. 
Jacobus de Trow. Ingelramus Waleys. Joannes de Perham. 
Gul. de Godemeston, milites. Walterus de Wilton. Rogerus 
Plumber. Gu. de Weston. Joannes de Fifflude. Mattheus 
Buffe. Gul. de Camera. Thomas de ff addon. Joannes 
Marcelle. Rogerus Aunketil. Gul.filius Pagani. Gul. de S. 
Quintino. 

The foreste of Gillingham, as it is now, is a 4. miles in 
lenghth, and a mile or ther aboute yn bredthe. 

Gilbertus Knoile dwellyd at Samford a village by Shirburne, 
and the name yet ther possessith the lande. 

Gilbertes dwellyd by Camallate, b and yet doth. 

Mawbankes dwellyd at Clifton 3. miles from Shirburne, 
wher now Syr John Horsey heire to them in descent dwel- 
lithe. 

De la Linde dwellyd at Herteley 2. miles from Ceren c 
Abbay, and yet it is yn theyr name. 

Richardus Brut dwellyd at Folke 2. miles from Shirburne, 
and yet do. 

Thornehul dwellid at Thornehul yn Staplebridg, d and yet 
dothe. 

Plumbers landes be cum unto the Bonehomes of fo. 53. 
Hasilbyri. They dwellyd at Plumbers in Lidlinche e a mile 
from Thorehul. 

Manneston, alias Manston, dwellid at Manneston 2. miles 
byneth Stourminster on the lifte ripe of Stowre. Liate hath 
now that lande. It is almost a 100. //". by yere. 

Westons dwellid at Westesun in the paroche of Staple- 
bridge, and yet do. 

Haddons dwellyd at Bisshops Caundel. Caines of Devon- 
shire hath it. 

Sanford. b Queen's Camel. c Cerne Abbas, 

d Stalbridge. Lydlinch. 



io8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Dorsetshire. Anketilles dwellid hard by Shaftesbyri under the hille. 
they possefss] it yet. 

Antioche dwellyd or had lande yn Staple Bridge paroche : 
and there is Antioch Wood. His landes cam to Chidioke, 
and from hym onto greate Arundel of Cornehul and the 
Stourtons, lordes by partition. 

Nobiles in Dorsetania tempore Henrici 2. regis Angl. 



Humfredus Staford chevalier. 
Joannes Chidiok chevalier. 
Thomas Beauchamp chevalier. 
Joannes Latimer armiger. 



Radulphus Bussche armiger. 
Joannes Hering. 
Joannes Newburge. 
Joannes de la Linde. 



Ex libello de feodis nobilium in Dorsetania. 



Edward Broke. 

Thomas Carew. 

Guil. Bonville. 

More. 

Andrew Peverel. 

Stephane Popham. 

Walter Cheverel. 

John Roger. 

Jacobus Ormonde miles. 

Gul. Browning de Melbyri. 



Richard Lemington. 

Henry Percy. 

Tame. 

Filolle. 

Guil. Bowelle. 

Fitzhugh. 

Beynton. 

Camwelle. 

Hungreforde. 



fo. 54. Chidiok dwellid by Byrporte a at Chidiok, b and there is a 
castelle or a fair house that from Chidiok cam to great 
Arundelle in partition. And the Chidiokes dwelt sumtyme 
at Cawndel. This maner place is now the Lorde Stourtons 
by partition of landes bytwixte Arundale and hym of 
Chidiokes heires. 

Manneston and Melcombe 2. of the fairest lordes in Dor- 
setshir that hath beene yn meane mennes handes. 

Melcombe c is aboute a hunderith It. by the yere. It is a 
2. miles from Cerne. It was the olde inheritaunce of the 
Turgesis. The laste Turgese of Milcombe doughtter and 
heire was mother onto Syr John Horesey, and he hath it by 
her. There is an olde maner place of the Turgesis at Mil- 
combe. This lordship was a 3. descentes in Turges name. 

a Bridport. b Chideock. c Melcomb Horsey. 



PART VIII 109 

Bruning and Cerne wher the aunciente lordes of Mel- Dorsetshire, 
combe. Bruning had a doughter and heire caullid Dionysia. 
Cerne having no issue sold his parte to Turgeis that maried 
Dionyse. 

Akforde a Fitzpayne a goodly lordeship a 2. miles from 
Stourminstre, and a mile from Stoure ryver. There is a 
saying that one of the Fitzpaynes for a trespass committid 
loste it. Syns it cam to the Percys erles of Northumber- 
land, of whom Kitsun the marchaunte bought it. 

(The Lord Fitzpayne. Percy Erie of Northumbreland 
was heire to Fitzpayne. Kitsun boute of hym the chief 
landes of that name.) * 

Tarente b nunnery of late dayes stoode aboute Crayforde 
Bridge over Stoure ryver lower then Blanforde. 

Versus Nechami Cirencestris ad Philippum Reping- 
dunum Leircestr. Abbatem. 

Phi nota foetoris, lippus malus omnibus horis: 
Phifoetor, lippus, totus malus ergo Philippus. 
Philippi responsio. 

Es niger et nequam dictus cognomine Necham: 
Nigrior esse potes, nequior esse nequis. 

Milbyri water risith yn Milbyry c Parke much south 3. 
miles from Clifton Mr. Horeseys house, and a quarter of a 
mile from Clifton beneth it as the streame goyth down it 
cummith into Ivel d or Clifton water per sinistram ripam 
that cummith from Shirburne. 

From Shirburne to Clifton 3. miles. 

From Shirburne on Ivel 3. From Ivel onto Ilchester 3. 
good miles. 

Bridges on Ivel d ryver. 

Bradeford Bridge of stone a litle above Bradeforde about 
a mile from Clifton in the high-way to Shirbourne. 

[* Sidenote in the MS.] 



Okeford. b Tarrant Crawford. 

c Melbury. d Yeo r. 



no 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hampshire, 
fo- 55- 



Dorsetshire. Ivel Bridge of 3. fair stone arches not far from Ivel a 
market. (Ivel Bridge the high-way from London to Ex- 
cester.) Then Ilchester Bridge of stone. 

Stofforde a stone bridge on Milbyri water aboute half a 
mile above the confluence of [it withe I veil.] 

*The toune self of Silchester* withyn the shire of 
Hampton, and yn the very egge of it, as dividith the brooke, 
is a vi. miles or more from Radinge, b and conteynith 3. 
feeldes, beside the grounde about the manor place self and 
the chirche : so that the hole withyn the waulle conteynith a 
80. acres. f There is one straung thing seen ther that in 
certen partes of the ground withyn the waulles the corne is 
mervelus faire to the yee, and ready to shew perfecture it 
decayith. The lordship yn hole with that that liyth withowt 
the waulles is a 37. //. by the yere. This lande after the 
Conquest cam to one Blueth : and then, one of the Bloethes 
levyng no sunnes, the lande not entaylid to the heyre generale 
cam by manage to one Peter de Cusance knight: and after 
to one Edmunde Baynard cummyng owt of the house of the 
Baynardes of Estsax whos name is now there obscurid. 

The landes of the Baynardes of Estsax be now cum to 
heyres generates, and [the n]ame almost . . . 

The landes of the Bluethes entaylid [to] heyre male of 
that name yet remaynyng yn Devonshire . . . Leccham 
longgid to Blueth . . . arde as his principale how . . . 

There remainith yet the name of a manor place in Glo- 
cestershir caullid Felton, and the owner of it bare the same 
name and was a noble man of warre, and one of the band 
of Chaundoys. I think that this is the Felton that the 
French booke caullid Scala Chronicha spekith of whom a 

[* A leaf (55) here missing in the MS. is found in vol. viii, figured 
pp. 19, 20. Stow copies it in this place. Printed above between * *. 

[t Stow copies on to the margin at this place a note which he may 
have taken from some fragment of Leland now lost: " Silchester with a 
wall of stone about 2 miles compas with 4 gates. On that wall grow 
some okes of 10 cart loade the pece. The ground within the wall is 
allmoste levile with the same wall, which wall without is in some place 
6. or 7. fote highe. Within the wall is one farme howse, and a pariche 
churche, the houses whereof stand without the wall."] 



Blueth. 
Cusance. 

Baynard. 



Felton of 
Felton. 



a Yeovil. 



Reading. 



PART VIII in 

lady, heyre to the Clares erles of Glocestre, toke to her 
secunde husband per amours. 

Mr. Sulmo told me that Maccolm soundith in Latine 
filius Columbani; Columguile Columbani insula; Obrin 
filius Birini; Neele Nigellus. 

Mr. John Pointz or Pontz told me that the hedde of Rigate Ryver. 
Rigate (ryver) and Becheworth water is yn the forest of Worth Forest. 
Worth. And that about Becheworth there is a confluentia 
by a nother ryveret.* 

The first nobilitating of the Barkeleis of Heron was about Leland, vi, 
the tyme of Henry the firste or secunde. And then bare fo - 56. 
they not the name of Barkeley, but Fitz Harding, wherof Berkeley. 
one namid Robert was a noble-man. And in processe the Fitz Harding. 
Fitzhardinges maried with the heyres generates of Barkeley Gloucester, 
of Douresley : a and so the name of Barkeleys was taken of 
them and continuid. 

The name of Pointz, otherwise of sum written Pontz, is 
very auncient, and supposid to be one of them that cam yn 
with William Conqueror, or straite apon the Conqueste. 
The name of Pontz is spoken of emong the names of 
certen noble-men that denied in Edwarde the first dayes in 
open parlament the request of a bisshop of Rome, that saide 
that though the King wold they wold not graunt no such 
request. 

The eldest of the Pontz that I can here of dwellid in 
Dorsetshire at a place caullid Sutton. [Dyvers of them lay 
in] a monasterie thereby. The last, as I here, of thes Pontz 
of Sutton was caullid Nicolas, and he dying without issue 
male the landes by heyres generales cam to Newborow and 
Fitzjames, western men, ii. partes to Newborow and one to 
Fitzjames. 

Henry Lord Marney maried the doughter and heyre of 
Newborow. Henry sunne died leving ii. doughtters. Rad- 
clif yonger sunne to the Erie of Southsax mariid the one, 
and shortely died withowte issue, and then the Lorde 
Thomas Howard maried her. 

Poyninges maried the other. 

Pontz of Glocestre cam owte of a house of a youngger 
brother of Sutton Pontz: and they had by heire general of 

a Dursley. 



112 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gloucesters. one Fitz Nicol or Nicolas a yongger sunne of one of the 
Barkeleys a goodly lordship caullid Hulle, and communely 
Hille, a standing on the hither ripe of Severne. This lorde- 
ship was gyven owte of the Berkeleys landes. 

And they had after by heyres generales of Acton the 
Actoune. lordeship of Acton. [Acton of Wicestreshire cumm[ith 

of] ... 

Hertford- The ryver of Luye b cummith by north from Wormeley 
shire. toun 3. miles above Waultham, and rennith almost flat 
fo. 57. south to the Tamise agayne Wolwiche. 

The first arme that breketh owt by west of the mayne 
streame ys a mile lower then Wormeley, but in that paroch, 
and is caullid Wormeley Lokke, and rennith by Cheston c 
nunnery and paroche stonding on the west side of this 
arme. d 

And oute of this arme breketh a litle beneth Cheston 
Nunnery an arme caullid the Shere Lake, because that 
there it devidith Estsax and Hertfordshire: and in the 
lenght of one medow caullid Frithey this lake or arme 
rennith not but at great fluddes, and meathith again with a 
socour of diche water at a place caullith Hokesdiche half a 
mile from his first breking oute; and half a mile farther at 
North Marsche Point meath againe with tharme that it cam 
out of. Thens cummith the first arme to Smawley Bridge 
on Waultham Causey the first brid westwarde, and half a 
mile lower at the corner of Ramey mede metith with the 
kinges streame and principal of Luye. 

The secunde principal arme westward brekith owte of 
kinges streame at a hammelet caullid Halifeld e half a mile 
lower than Chestun Nunnery,* and so to the fulling mylle, 
and thens to the 2. bridg by west of the kinges streame, and 
a stone caste lower at a place caullid Malkins Schelf into 
the Kinges streame.* 

Here marke that Cheston men and Hartfordshire men 
say that the kinges streame at Waultham partith Herth- 

[* Cheston Nunnery a mile dim. from Waltham Abbay. Side-note 
in MS.] 



a ? Hill Court, Glouc. 
d Small river Lea. 



b Lea r. 
Holy field. 



c Cheshunt. 
f I.e., the Lea. 



PART VIII 113 

fordshir and Estsax. But Estsax men by forest charter Hertford- 
claime shire grounde of Estsax to Smaulley Bridge. shire. 

There be a 7. or viii. bridges in the toune of Waltham. 
For there be divers socours of streamelettes breking out of 
the thre principalle partes of Luye ryver. 

On the este side of the Kinges streame brekith oute but 
one principal arme at Halifeld 3. quarters of a mile above 
Waultham, and so goith to the corne mille in Waltham, and 
then to the Kinges streame agayne a coyte or stone cast 
beneth the Kinges bridge. 

The olde toune of Winchelesey of a vi. or 7. yeres together Sussex, 
felle to a very soore and manifest ruine, be reason of olde fo, 58. 
rages of the se, and totally in the tyme of the aforesayde vi. 
or 7. yeres. 

In the space of these aforesayde yeres the people of Win- 
chelesey made sute to Kyng Edward the first for remedy and 
a new plot to set them a toun on. 

Whereapon the king sent thither John Kirkeby Bisshop 
of Ely and Treasorer of England, and vewid a plot to make 
the new toune of Winchelesey on, the wich was at that tyme 
a ground wher conies partely did resorte. Syr John Tregose 
a knight was the chief owner of it, and one Maurice and 
Bataille Abbay. The king compoundid with them : and so 
was there vii. score and tenne acres limited to the new 
toune, whereof part is in the king mede withoute the toune, 
and part in hangging of the hille. 

Then in the tyme of the yere aforesayde the king set to 
his help in beginning and waulling New Winchelesey: and 
the inhabitantes of Olde Winchelesey tooke by a [litle 
and] a litle and buildid at the new towne. So that withyn 
the vi. or vii. yere afore expressid the new towne was 
metely welle furnishid, and dayly after for a few yeres 
encreasid. 

But or xx. yeres were expired from the beginning of the 
building of New Winchelesey it twas twise enterid by en- 
emies, first by Frenchemen, that did much hurt in the 
toune, and secundarily by the Spaniards, that enterid by 
night at Fareley aboute the midle way betwixt Winchelesey 
and Hastinges. (Fareley a wher the Hygh Steple is, 3. miles 



IV. 



a PFairlight. 

I 



ii 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Sussex, from Winchelesey.) At this invasion the towne of Winchele- 
sey was sore spoyled, and scant syns cam ynto the pristine 
state of welth. For the commune voyce is that at that tyme 
wer xx. aldremen yn the toune marchauntes of good sub- 
staunce. 

In the toune as withyn the walles be 2. paroche chirches, 
and there were 2. colleges of freres. 

There is a litle withowt [the] toune a paroche [chirch: 
but] that longith [to the liberte of Hastinges]. 
fo. 59- The name of the Finches hath beene of auncient tyme in 
Finche. estimation in Southsax about Winchelesey, and be al likely- 
hod rose by sum notable marchaunte of Winchelesey. For 
it is writen that Alarde and Finche Hereberte were capi- 
taines in the Batel of Trade, and that Finche was sore 
woundid there. 

The Finches that be now say that theire propre name is 
Hereberte : and that with mariage of the Finche heyre they 
tooke Finches name and were caullid Finche Herebert, 
joining booth names. One Vincent Finch in Henry the 4. 
dayes recoverid of the king by a sute the manor of ... by 
Winchelesey quarters. 

Alarde of Winchelesey was a man of estimation, and lyith 
buried yn Winchelesey. 

Oxenbridge of Southsax is heire by descente to this 
Alarde, and berith his armes. 

Lincoln- Mr. Paynel a gentilman of Boston tolde me that syns that 

shire. Boston of old tyme at the great famose fair there kept was 

brent that scant syns it ever cam to the old glory and 

riches that it had: yet sins hath it beene manyfold richer 

then it is now. 

The staple and the stiliard houses yet there remayne : but 
the stiliard is litle or nothing at alle occupied. 

There were iiii. colleges of Freres Marchauntes of the 
Stiliard cumming by all partes by est were wont greatly to 
haunt Boston: and the gray freres toke them yn a manor 
for founders of their house, and many Esterlinges were 
buried there. 

In the Blake Freres lay one of the noble Huntingfeldes, 
and was a late taken up hole, and a leaden bulle of Inno- 
centius Bisshop of Rome about his nek. 

Ther lay also in the Gray Freres of the Mountevilles 



PART VIII 115 

gentilmen, and a vi. or vii. of the Withams gentilmen Lincoln- 
also. 8hir - 

There remainith at Boston a manor place of the Tilneys 
by their name : and one of them began the great steple in 
Boston. 

It is from Boston to the sands of the Wasche a 6. miles : fo. 60. 
and then by the sandes and the salt gutte a xii. and thens 
agayne vi. to Lynne. 

The haven of Waynflet enterith into the lande by a 
creeke a ... miles, and after that it hath enterid a pratye 
way it castith out crosse of eche side of the creeke, but not 
farre, an armelet into the fennes, and makith a litle morisch 
lake at the but hed of it. 

Paynel sayeth that the Lord Crumwelle buildid a peace Crumwdle. 
of Maxey Castelle by Deping. 

There is a certen feode paid at Boston caullid Crum- 
welles Fee. 

One of the Cromwelles buildid a preaty turret caullid the 
Tour of the Moore. And thereby he made a faire great 
ponde or lake brikid about. The lake is communely caullid 
the Synkker.* 

Kirton berith the name of the . . . or a wapentake of 
Low Holand. 

Painel told me that his name is written in Latine Paga- 
nellus, and that the chief of his auncetors in tymes paste were 
Lordes of Tikhille Castelle and Bullingbrooke and Newport 
Painelle, with divers other lordshippes bering their names. 

[Oldbjeche in Holand otherwise caullid Oldbek. 

Mr. Bridges of Barkeshire told me that Syr John of Chaundois. 
Bridges of Glocestre hath a right goodly lordship by descent 
of issue generalle that sumtime was Chaundois the noble 
warrior. It is caullid Lugwarde a apon Lug Ryver not far 
from Hereford West. 

Brigges, one of the Officers of the Kinges Housesold, told 
me that Master Poole of Staffordshir hath a lordship bering 

[* On Leland's rough map of east Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, 
"Collectanea," iii, p. 203 (Hearne's "Itinerary," vii, 141), "The 
Sinker" is marked as between Bardney and Wainfleet, some distance 
from Boston.] 

* Lug ward inc. 



n6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Ponsbyri 
College. 

Richardus 
Winkcle, 
scriptor. 

Trent Ryver 
in Dorset- 
shire. 



fo. 6l. 

Potnery, 



Norfolk. 
Sopham a 
market toun. 



the name of Chandoys : and that he gevith his armes. Much 
of Chaundois land lay in Fraunce. 

Mr. John Pointz told me that Frossart saieth that Chaun- 
doys died leving no childern. 

Remembre that where I writ that Ponsbyri a stoode apon 
Severne ryver, that it be set a 3. miles of of it. b 

Recitatio quorundam Opinabilium sine assertione compilata 
per Fratrem Richardumde Winkele.* Justum volumen. He 
was a questioniste both yn philosophic and divinite. 

Ther is a place in Dorsetshire caullid Pidel Trent : 
wherby it is yet easy to perceyve that the name of Trent 
river that Marianus Scotus spekith of yet remainith, but is 
communely caullid [Pideljtrent. 

One of the Pomereis of Devonshire long syns lost the 
most part of his enheritance by killing a messanger or herald 
sent from the King of England onto hym. At that tyme 
Pomerey was Lord of Tremington, alias Tremerton d Castelle 
in Cornewale, and of the castelle of the Monte of S. Michael 
yn Cornewale, and of the lordship of Tamarton. 

Pomery of ... told me that Pomereis were ons lordes 
of Bever Castel that the Lord Rose hath now. 

A ii. descentes from Pomery now Lord of Byri there were 
3. Pomereis of Byry, e brothers, and the 2. yongger of them 
was providid for and indewed with landes. 

Sopham f is but a toune of one paroche; but it is one of 
the quikkest markettes of al Northfolk. It longith to the 
Richemont Feode, and is but 3. miles from Castel-[Acre.] 
It stondith much by handy crafte [men,] and byers of 
grayne. 

The toune lakkith ryver water. For Castel Acre river is 
next onto it. In the toune be many welles, and that of a 
great depe. 

Pyknam, Wade and Licheham, g and many villages therby 
be of the privilege and liberte of Sopham fee. 

[* Richard of Winchelsey, a Dominican philosopher and theologian, 
Bishop of Kilkenny about 1479.] 



a Pontesbury, Shropshire. 
c Piddletrenthide. 



Berry Pomeroy, Devon. 

% Pickenham, Litcham. 



b Read, off of it. 
d Trematon. 
f Swaffham. 



PART VIII 117 

The ruines of a few peaces of the waulles of Storford 
Castel a in Hertfordshire, and the Dungeon Hille yet appere 
in the very farther ende of Storforde towne hard apon the 
ryver. The Bisshopes Prison there, as I here say, is no 
part of the castelle. 

The bisshopes of London of auncient tyme lay sumtyme 
at a maner of theirs by Bedenhaule Grene, b caullid Bisshops 
Haule, the old dyning haul wherof Bisshop Fitzjames pullid 
doune. 

Doctor Day * told me that the poete that gave mony for " 
making of versis to an imperour gave it to Julius Caesar 
and not to Augustus. If it be so I must amend my epigramme *sa 
of it. 

Mr. Ferrares told me that Gower the Juge could not be ^t 
the man that write the bookes yn Englisch. For he said that 
Gower the juge was about Edward the Secundes tyme.f 

The waulles of Newcastel wer performid tempore Ed- Northum- 
wardi 3. bcrland. 

S. Nicolas the chief paroch chirche of Newcastelle stand- 
ith on the very Picte waulle. 

The Gray Freres in Newcastel of the Cairluelles founda- fo. 62. 
tion, originally marchauntes of the same toun and after men 
of land. The Thirgilles of the wold of Yorkshir have now by 
heyre generalles Cairluelles landes. 

The Blake Freres of the foundation of Syr Peter and Syr 
Nicolas Scottes, father and sun, knightes boothe. But the 
site of the howse was gyven by 3. sisters. 

The landes of Scotte of Newcastelle cam by doughters to 
Heron of Ford, to Denton and to ... Asschet Castelle now 
almost doune, by Felton, was Scottes. 

The beginning of these Scottes was be marchaundice. 

The White Freres of the foundation of Thorton,J first a 

[* Probably George Day, Bishop of Chichester.] 
[t See before, p. 75. Professor G. C. Macaulay dismisses all 
Leland's statements about Gower, in the Itinerary and elsewhere, as 
worthless, and shows that the poet belonged to a Kentish family. 
' Complete Works of John Gower," 1902, iv, pp. viii-ix.] 

[t So written in the first text; in the notes written on the margin 
(incorporated above) it is Thornton.} 



A Bishop Stortford. b Bethnal Green, 



n8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Northum- marchante and then a landid man. The landes of Thorton 

berland. be discendid to the Lord Lumeley. So that almost al the 

faire landes that Lomeley * cam by this Thorton. Witton in 

Northumbreland, and the Isle in the bisshoprik, and also 

Lulworth were Thortons. 

The advancement of Lumeley to be lord was by mariage 
of a bastard doughter of Kinge Edwarde 4. 

Thomas Lumeley after Lorde Lumeley slew in the diche 
of Windesore Castelle . . . Thornton bastard to riche 
Thorneton. 

Thornton mayre of Newcastel borne yn Witton. He pur- 
chacid 800. marke land, and died wonderful riche. Sum 
say by prices of sylver owre taken on the se. 

The Augustines foundid by the Lord Rose.f In this house 
be 3. or 4. faire toures. 

The Crosse Freres alias Walknolle a of the foundation of 
Laur[ence Acton] sum tyme mayre of Newcastelle. 

The Actons landes cam joyntely with the Thorntons to 
[Lomely]. 

Surrey. The college of Lingefeld in Sotherey egge, aboute a myle 
from Sterborow Castelle. It is in a paroche chirche and of 
the foundation of one of the Cobhams. 

Sum of the Cobhams ly buried there. 

Edmund Edmunde Grime, crosse-berer to Thomas Beket, did write 
Chyme, the life of hym. Mr. Sulmo hath the booke.t 

There appere certen dikis at Newport Panelle [in Boking- 
hamshtre] by the chirche, as there had bene a castelle. 

There appere likewyse ruines of a castelle, or a notable 
place, in the Lorde Souches park yn Northamptonshir. 
Rugby Market. There appere certen diches at Rugby, the market towne 
in Warwikeshire where the Rugbys, gentilmen of fame, 
dwellid; emong whom one Syr Henry Rugby was much 
spoken of. The place thus dichid is yet caullid the Hawle 
Place. The Duke of Bukingham a late was lorde of Rugby 
towne. 

[* Sic. in MS. and Stow. "Has " seems to be the word missing.] 

[f By Lord Ros of Wark, about 1290.] 

[J See note p. 143.] [ Written by Burton on the MS.] 



The Wall-Knoll, 



PART VIII 



119 



The chefe bowses of Albeneys of Northfolk was at Buk- 
kenham Castelle and Wimundesham a yn Northfolk, and they 
held theyr landes by the service of the name of Pincerna 
Regis; the which service yet remainith yn the heire generate 
of the Albaneys. 

Thre of the laste of the Albaneis were this namid, Guliam, 
William and Hughe. This Hugh had 4. doughtters, wherof, 
as I remembre, one was maried to Dunevet, now communely 
caullid Knevet, a nother to Tatershaule, a nother to Mon- 
haute, and a nother to Fizalen of Southsax. 

(Syns I hard that Tatershaul had in division of Albanies 
landes Bukenham Castelle ; Monthaut, Rising Castelle ; b 
Somery, Barow Castelle; Fizalan, Arundale.) 

The name of the Dunevetes, now caullid Knevetes, cam 
be al likelihod owt of Cornewale. For ther is a town caullid 
Dunevet almost on the farther ripe of Tamar ryver, and is 
the chiefe towne of Cornewale. I think the trew name to be 
Duneheved, i.e. Montanum caput. 

Mr. Sulmo told me that Ebroicius or Ebroicensis is the 
name that we yn Englisch communely caulle De Eureux* 
Wherfore I must emende the place where I writ Eburovix. 
for Eburovices ii sunt qui nunc Leodienses dicuntur et eorum 
accolae (a). 

Mr. Sulmo told me that the very trew name of the olde 
Erles of Devonshire was Reddeues, the which soundith yn 
Latine Rigidus. Reddeur is rigiditas^ redde is rigidus (a) . And 
he is of an opinion that the latter usid name de Fortibus of the 
erles is but a barbarus Latine worde expressing the French 
name of Reddeues. Bicause he hath readd in the first boke of 
Gervasius in the Lif of King Stephan that one Baldwinus 
Redurse or Reddeur Erie of Devon was the first that rebelled 
agenst Stephan^ and he thinketh the first (b} . . .f 

Mr. Sulmo told me that the house of S. Cleres is called of 

[* Leland wrote " Deuereux," another hand corrected it as above. 
This page (fo. 64) has received corrections and additions from two later 
sixteenth-century hands ; they are here printed in italic, a and b denot- 
ing those by the same hand respectively.] 

[t The edge is cut or torn.] 



Norfolk, 
fo. 63. 
Albenty. 



Cornwall. 



fo. 64. 
Devereux. 



Reddeues 
Erie of Devon- 
shire. 
De Fortibus. 



Wymondham. 



b Castle Rising. 



120 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

a litel place where there is a chapel of Sainct Cler (b\* and 
standith super Heptam flu. in Normandie, whiche ryver is 
one of the bondes of the dukdom and Cosnius another (V). 

f There be mines of an old castel caullid . . . about Mr. 
Peches house yn Kente. 

The parkes and maner places of Wischum and Shoute a 
Boneville. abowt Axminstre in Devonshire wer the Lorde Bonevilles, 
and after a knightes of that name, or ever they cam to the 
Marquise of Dorsetes hand. 

Syr John Dicons told me that yn digging of a balke or 
mere yn a felde longging to the paroche of Keninghaul in 
Northfolk ther were founde a great many yerthen pottes yn 
order cum cineribus mortuorum. 

There apperith at Keninghaule not far from the Duke of 
Northfolkes new place a grete mote, withyn the cumpace 
whereof there was sumtyme a fair place, b and there the say- 
ing is that there lay a Quene or sum grete lady, and there 
dyed-. 

(fo. 65).? *The chiefest house of the Villars at this tyme is at Brokesby 
in Leyrcestreshire lower by 4. miles then Melton on the 
hither ripe of Wreke c or Eye ryver. There lye buried in the 
chirch diverse of the Villars. This Villars is lorde of Houbye d 
hard by, sumtime parcelle of the Bellars landes. Where also 
is a meane maner place. 

This Villars is also lord of Coneham c in Lindecolneshire 
toward the partes of Trent, and there he hath a maner 
place. 

This Villars at this tyme is a man but of a 200. markes of 
land by the yere. 

There is a mene gentilman of the Villars about Stamford. 

[* Leland wrote "S. Cleres is a thing of smawle fame."] 
[t In the margin [at this point] is written by one of the Purefoys hand 
(as I think) ' Purefoy of Lutterworth com. Leyrcestr. ' The Purefoys were 
benefactors to the church at Lutterworth, as we may gather from their 
arms, viz. , azure, 3. styrrops or, to be seen in the church. See Burton's 
description of Leyrcestershire, p. 188. Hearne.] 

[J Fo. 65 from "the chiefest" to "of the be-" is found in vol. 
viii of the MS., where it is numbered 49, 50.] 



Wiscombe and Shute. b Kenninghall Place. 

Wreak r. d Hoby. ? Covenham. 



PART VIII 



121 



Crompton of London hath a close by Codington* in Surrey. 
Southerey where the King buildith. In this close is a vaine 
of fine yerth to make moldes for goldesmithes and casters 
of metale that a loode of it is sold for 2 crounes of golde. 
Like yerth to this is [not f]ound yet in al Englande. 

One told me that muche of the waulles of Plaschey Castelle 
in Estsax is made and fascionid of yerthe. 

Audeley told me that one of the Stafordes had 700. marke 
land by mariage of a doughter of Hugh Audeley. 

Falemuthe is a mere Englische worde: and hathe the 
name of many mouthes of crekes that be withyn the haven. 

Arnulphus, idest, Aquilinus. 

The castelle of Assheby on Avon a few miles lower then 
Northampton longgid a late to the Lord Gray of Ruthin Erie 
of Kente, syns to Cumpton. 

Thorp Watervile Castelle apon Avon t sumwhat lower then 
Wndale. a 

Rokingham Castelle a late shrodly pillid by Mr. Radclif. 
It longgith to the King. The toune of accustume to the 
prince ... of the be- .. .J 

The Lord Wennelok left an heire general that was maried 
to a kinnesman of Thomas Scotte, otherwise caullid Rother- 
ham, Bisshop of York. He had by her yn mariage Luton in 
Bedfordshire, and 3. hunderith markes of landes there- 
aboute, and a faire place within the paroche of Luton 
caullyd Somerys, the which howse was sumptuusly begon 
by the Lord Wennelok, but not finischid. The gate howse 
of brike is very large and faire. Parte of the residew of the 
new foundations be yet scene, and part of the olde place 
standith yet. It is set on a hill not far from S. Annes hille, 
wher the abbate of S. Albanes had a litle praty place. 

The Lorde Wenlok had much other landes that went 
other wayes for lak of heyres males. 

[* Cuddington, Nonsuch Palace was built there by Henry VIII.] 
[t Now the Nene. Thorp Waterville is not far from Thrapston. 

See vol. i, pp. 6, 99, erroneously spelt Water Mill.'} 

[ The lower edge is torn, but the hyphen shows that a continuing 

leaf is lost.] 



fo. 66. 
The Lord 
Wennelok. 
Scotte alias 
Rothcrham. 



a Oundle. 



122 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



One Seotte, alias Rotherham, hath yet the lordship of 
Somerrise. 

The toune of Undale in Northamptonshire is almost 
cumpacid with Avon a Ryver : and there be 2. briddeges. 

There is a greate round hille as a bullewark of warre yn 
the medes by Northampton toune, and berith the name of 
Clifford. 

Lancashire. The Haringtons had of auncient tyme a faire manor place 
Tateham. within a myle of Home Castelle caullid Tateham, b now in a 

manor desolatid. 

Fyrreland The auncient castelle or manor place of stone of the 
Castelle. Tunstalles is a mile from Home Castelle in Lancastershire 
at Fyrrelande. 

The ryver of Wenning rennith thorough the towne of 
Home Castelle, and thens resortith into Lane Ryver, and 
in sum place is limes betwixt Yorkshir and Lancastre, as I 
harde. 

The castelle of Home Castelle standith on a hille toward 
the midle of the towne. 

Norfolk. The ryver that cummith from Coxford a xxv. miles from 
fo. 67. Norwiche risith weste north weste. Coxford a house of blake 
canons. 

There is, as I hard, a nother arme rysing by south that 
resortith to this arme. 

Wensun The olde donations of Christes-Chirch in Norwiche caulle 
Ryver. me r yver that rennith thoroug Norwich towne Wensun. 

There be tabelles at Norwiche, Yarnemuth, and Linne, 
that testifie of great pestilence that hath bene yn those townes. 
The hole cumpace of the minstre of Christes-Chirche 
was the area to Bigotes Castelle in Norwiche. 

Pederton a market towne not far from the castel of Ham- 
dene or Stoke by Monteacute. 

The Bewchamps clayme title of fundation to the collegiate 
chapel of Hamdene. 

Hamden c hille is a specula ther to vewe a great peace of 
the (contrye) * therabout. 

[* Seen by Hearne? now torn. The passage is omitted by Stow.] 



a Nene r. 



b Hornby Castle, Tatham, N. Lancashire. 
c Hamdon. 



PART VIII 123 

As I lernid of Doctor Davelle the mouthes of Blithe and North- 
Wansbek be litle above 3. miles distant one from the other, umberland. 

And the grounde betwixt them is of sum caullid Bede- 
lingtonshir. For Bedelington is the paroch chirch there, 
and sum hammelettes or villages long onto it. 

The isle of Coquet standith apon a very good vayne of 
se coles, and at the ebbe men digge in the shore by the 

clives, and finde very good. 

There ly certen isles adjoning to Fame Isleland bigger 
then Fame it self. But in them is no habitation. Certen 
bigge foules, caullid S. Cuthebertes Byrdes, brede in them, 
and Puffins, birdes less then dukkes having grey fethers like 
dukkes, but withoute paintid fethers, and a ring about the 
nek, be found breding ther in the cliffy rokkes. 

* The f doughter and heyre of Delaland was weddid to (fo. 68). 
one Barkeley a knight of Leyrcestershire. 

The principal house of the Delalandes was at Northe 
Witham in Lincolnshir apon or by Witham water. 

The place is auncient, fair, and stronge, and hath goodly 
commoditees aboute it. 

One of the Barkeleys diyng without issue male lefte his 
owneenheritaunceto an heire male descending from a younger 
brother of his name, and so it is stil in the name. (Barkeley 
of Wimundeham in Leicestershire in the egge of Ruthe- 
lande.) And the Delalandes lande went to a doughter of 
Barkeleys, as entalid to the heire generale. 

Benifeld Castel (Northamptonshire) is clene faullen downe 
to the grounde. It was never of any great cumpace. It 
longgid, as I hard, to the Bassingburnes, and after cam to 
one of the Souches. 

Souche of Derbyshire. This Souche hath also Codnor 
Castel sumtyme the chefest howse of the Grayes, wher he 
now doith muche coste. This Souche is a man of faire 
landes. 

The gentilmen communely caullid Busseys (De Busseto 
sive Buxceto) cam with the Conqueror owt of Normandi. 

Bussey * that was so greate in King Richard the 2. dayes, 

[t Fo. 68 of the MS., which is missing, is found in vol. viii, pp. 15 
and 1 6. Printed above, between *-*.] 

[* Sir John Bussy, Speaker of Parliament, killed 1399.] 



i2 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

and was behedid at Brightstow,* had his principal howse 
and manor place at Hougheham a 3. myles from Granteham. 

Busses wife that was behedid at Brightstow lyith at 
Howheham, and divers of the Busses in the same paroche 
chirch. 

Bussey now alive is the v. or vi. in descent from great 
Bussey that was behedid, and is the laste heir male of this 
house. 

This Busses doughter and heire is mariede on the sunne 
and heire of Brightenel of Northamptonshir. 

The Parres cam owte of the north of late dayes, and were 
enrichid in Northamptonshir by mariage of one of the heires 
general of the Grenes. But afore they cam out of the marches 
of Wales. 

The Boleynes had a portion of the Grenes landes. 

Vaulx and Parre had the residew . . .* 

fo. 69. The commune fame is in Ruthelandeshire that there was 
one Rutter, a man of great favor with his prince, that desirid 
to have of rewarde of hym as much land as he could ryde 
over in a day apon a horse of woodde, and that he ridde 
over as much as now is in Ruthelandshire by arte magike, 
and that he was after swalowid into the yerthe. 

Leyland. This is very like a lye, and more lykelihod it is 
that for Rotherland, or Rutherland, it is shortely caullid 
Rutlande. 

The Erie of Rutheland that is now descendith, as I lernid, 
by the mother side from the laste Duke of Excester that 
Sainctliger maried. 

Leanminstre Lean Minster f in Herefordshire, so caullid peraventure of 
unde. nunnes in the Walsch speche, and not of a lion. 

Mr. Griffithe of Terre Mone told me that Owen ap Meri- 
dith, that maried Henry the V. wife, was taken at a skirmouch 
abowte Wigmore, and brought by Syr Richard Vehan, graunt- 
father to great Vehan the servient at armes,J to Hereforde, 
and there behedid and biried. 

He told me also that Caspar, sunne to Owen, lay much 

[* Leland did not finish his w, and the part written looking exactly 
like his r, Hearne took the word for Brightstor.] 

[t Leominster. See vol. ii, p. 74.] 

[J ? Sir Richard Vaughan of Bradwardine, contemporary. Leland 
in Wales, p. 49.] 



PART VIII 125 

hovering on the Severne See, and durste not welle land for 
escryes that were made when he proferid to the shore. Yet 
at the last he cam sodenly and toke Syr Richard Vehan in 
his howse, or, as sum say, in Chepstow Castelle; and when 
Vehan desired hym to be good to hym, he answerid that he 
should have such favor as he shewid to Owene his father, 
and so caussid his hedde to be smitten of. 

Whereas in the genealogie of the Erles of Warwike men- 
tion is made of Hanslape lorde,* my chart of Northampton- 
shire spekith of that name not far from Stony . . . 

Owte of a chronique of the gestes of England, fo. 70. 

written yn Frenche. 

King Ethelstane, sunne to Edwarde the firste afore the 
Conquest by a berkers f doughter. 

In the yere of our Lorde 1137. Rofecestre with the chirch 
was burnid by mischaunce of fier. 

In the yere of our Lord 1219. William the olde marescal 
died. 

An . D. 1229. Reinauld de Brayuse dyed, and William 
his sun succedid hym. The which William was taken pris- 
oner, and after cam out agayn. 

An . D. 1231. William de Brayuse was betrayed by 
Lewelin. 

An . D. 1233. Richard le Marescal and { Lewelin besegid 
the castelle of Breknok. 

An . D. 1246. Humfrede de Boun receyvid the land of 
Brekenok by his wife. 

This same yere Herebert Fitz Peter died. 

An . D. 1252. Elianor Lady of Breknok died. 

An . D. 1260. The castelle of Buelth was betrayed. 

Brekenok and Excester celles to Bataille Abbay. 

An . D. 1262. The castel of Keventles was taken on Seventies. 
S. Andreas Day. But Roger Mortimer got it agayne. [Cefnllys, 

Radnor. 

L.T S.l 

[* Hanslap, co. Bucks, a manor or lordship.] 

[t Leland corrects this in the margin to "one Berker's," apparently 
intending a proper name.] 

[J Leland has the French e ; in the following line he wrote refut at 
first for receyvid, and twice he writes trahi over betrayed, evidently not 
feeling sure of his translation. 



126 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 71. 

Bellemonte 
Erie of 
Warwike. 



Lord Belle- 
monte. 



An . 1263. Roger Clifford toke the Bisshop of Hereforde. 

The barons bette doune Radenor the same yere. 

Edward toke Huntingdone and the Haye the morow 
after Sainct David. 

An . D. 1266. Humfray Lorde of Breknok died at Beston 
yn the prison of Syr Edwarde, prince. 

The Counte of Glocester toke garde of Humfray the trew 
heir of Humfray Lord of Breknok. 

And not long after Lewelin had the land of Breknok 
grauntid hym. 

An . D. 1271. Young Humfray fastnid on his land of 
Brekenok after the fest of S. Marke. 

An . D. 1296. William Valence, Erie of Pembroke, and 
other were slayne by the French men at Bayon. Edmunde 
Erie of Lancaster and Leyrcester was capitaine there to the 
Englisch menne. 

There were 3. of the Bellemontes Erles of Warwike in 
order. The thirde lakking issue male had a doughtter. This 
doughter was maried onto a noble man caullid . . . and he 
had by her a doughtter, the which maried onto the Lorde 
Bechamps sunne and heyre of Helmeley Castel a by the roote 
of Bredon Hille in Wicestershire, and thus was the Belle- 
montes and the Beauchaumps kinred joined. The meane 
that Beauchaump cam to the praeferrement of the heire of 
Bellemontes was this. The olde Lord Beauchampe of 
Helmeley sent 3. or 4. of his sunnes to the batel of Eoves- 
ham to help King Henrye the 3. and Prince Edwarde againe 
Simon Monteforte and the barons: and these brether with 
their band did a greate feate in vanquischsing the host of 
Montefort. Wherapon the eldest had Bellemontes heire, and 
the residew where highly praeferrid. The Beauchamps after- 
warde kepte the name of the Erie of Warwik to King Edwarde 
the 4. time. 

There was syns the Bellemontes Erles of Warwike a 
baron of great landes of that name, and the last of them in 
King Henry the vii. time was a man of simple witte. His 
wife was after maried to the Erie of Oxforde. 

The chiefest house of this Lorde Beaumonte, as I lernid, 
was at Beaumaner b yn Leyrcestre or Lincolnshire. The Duke 



Elmley Castle. 



b Beaumanor, Leicestershire. 



PART VIII 127 

of Northfolk hath fair landes that longid to this Beaumont 
in Lincolnshire. This Beaumont had faire possession in the 
north cunterey. 

Syr Nicolas Caro had of the landes of this Beaumont that 
the olde Countes of Oxford had yn jointer. 

Birling in Kent wher the late Lorde of Burgeyney lay 
longid to this Beaumonte. 

Mr. Blage * tolde me that an olde man tolde hym that 
Birling toke the name of Cunies. 

Lewins of Cantewarbyri told me that Syr Nicolas Caro 
and other 3. gentilmen claymid the landes of thisBeaumontes 
by heires general. 

Beaumont of Devonshir. There was one Beaumont at 
Yaunton by Barstaple not long sins, a man of very faire 
landes, part wherof be now the Basset landes. 

The old toune of Dunestaple and the thoroughfare was fo. 72. 
a mile from the new toune, wher now is the village cawllid Bedford- 
Dunestaple Houghtoun. There is one paroche chirch in shire. 
Dunestaple. 

Ther was a Priory of Blak Chanons of Henry the firste 
fundation. 

In the priory were buried the reliques of Sainct Fremunde 
a noble Saxon, the which were brought from . . . towarde 
Cantewarbyri there to have beene lefte. But the commune 
fame goith that by miracle they could be caried no farther 
then Dunestaple. 

There lay buried also in this priory one Nigellus Loring a 
noble man of Bedfordshire, and a great benefactor to the 
priory. 

This Nigellus made 3. cantuaries in the paroch chirch of 
Tuddington in Bedfordshire a 2. miles from Dunestaple, and 
there, as I here say, ly buried sum of that stokke. 

There lyith also a noble man caullid Fitzneele, a bene- 
factor to the priory. 

There was a place of Blake Freres that of late toke an 
esquier of Devonshire for their founder. 

In the yere of our Lord a 1420. James Steward King of 
Scottelande made homage to King Henry the vi. at Wyn- 
delesore. 

[* A name sometimes written Black, at this period.] 



128 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

In the yere of our Lord 1423. James Steward King of 
Scottes toke to wife Jane the doughter of John Duke of 
Somerset at S. Mary Over Eys a in the suburbes of London, 
fo. 73- There dwellid an auncient man of the stok of the Fizt- 
Williams at Aldewark apon the north ripe of Dun ryver, fyve 
miles above Dancaster, and ii. miles from Rotherham. 

The heire of this house and also a brother of his were 
slayn at the felde of Floddoun of the Scottes. The Erie of 
Hampton was brother to these men. 

The eldest brother lefte 2. doughters, that syns were marled 
onto ii. sunnes of Syr Godefrey Fulgeham. So that the 
heire of Syr Godefrey Fulgeham a late dying lefte heires 
male be one of the doughters of Fitzwilliams. The other 
doughter hath yet no issue by the younger Fulgeham. 

There ly 3. of the Tancrevilles, [the] father, the sunne, 
and his sun [within the] chapitre house of the pr[iory of 
Kenelw]orthe, that after . . .* 

I lernid that Darelles of Ceyssa b by Newborow in York- 
shire were the eldest house, or one of the eldest of that 
name that were yn England. The heires males of this house 
fayllid in King Henry the vii. tyme, and then one Guie 
Dawney of Yorkshire maried the hey re general, a woman of 
a manly corage, and John her sun his now the heyre. 

Darel of Kent cummith owt of Ceyssa. 

Dalaunson, corruptely caullid Dalisoun. 

The name and house remaynith yet yn Lincolnshire at 
Laughton by Axholme. 

There were 2. of the latter Lordes Barnesses buried in the 
Abbay of Ceorteseye. c The last was buried at Calays. 
(Bernieres : so caullid of a tounelet in Normandie.t) 

The principal hedde of Fowey ryver ys yn Fowey Moore. 
The place is communely caullid Codde Fowey. It is a xvi. 
miles be land from Fowey toun, and withyn a 2. miles from 
[Camelford,] and a 4. miles from [the North Severn] se. It 
risith as by [north, and enterith] the se [by southe.] 

[* Lower corner of fo. 73 torn ; these words in [ ] seen by Hearne ; 
Stow omits this passage.] 
[t Side-note by Leland.] 

a St. Mary Overy, Southwark. b Sessay, near Thirsk. 

c Chertsey, Surrey. 



PART VIII 129 

* Harecourt * of Oxfordshire hath a barony caullid Elnol t Stafford - 
not far from Rauntoun Priory * in Staffordshire. shire. 

The Lord Fitzguarine hath a 3. part of the lordship of < fo - 74- 
Heley b in Stafordshire. Harccourt. 

There be at this 4. notable housis of the Giffardes : one in Giffardes. 
Devonshire, a nother yn Hamptonshire, the thirde yn Staf- 
fordshire, the fourth yn Bukinghamshire. 

Giffard of Stafordshire cam to landes by this meanes. 

The Lord Corpessun that was founder of Studley Abbay Corpeson. 
in Warwikeshire, and that had a faire maner place half a 
myle thens gave a lordship of his yn Stafordshire, caullid 
Chillingtoun, in frank mariage with the one of his doughtier 
to one of the Giffardes. After one of the doughters and 
heires of Whitston of Whightston a knight in Staffordshire 
was maried to one of the Giffardes ; and of late tyme one of 
the doughters of Montegomery of Careswel, alias Caverswel, 
was maried to young Giffard heire of Chilling . . . one . . . 
unge . . . other of the bro . . . nother but the . . .J 
doughters that he had be her: and she also be now: and 
Giffard and Vernoun having the other 2. doughters and 
heyres be them shaul parte the ole landes of Montegomerike. 

Marke here that immediately after the death of Syr 
Wyllyam of Careswelle, that boute and buildid Careswelle 
Castel now sumwhat in decay, [he] left a doughter that was 
maried onto Marschintoun, shortely caullid Marstoun : and 
Marshingtoun after left a doughter that was maryed to 
Mountgomerik. 

This Wylliam of Careswelle buildid also a fair place at 

[* Fo. 74 is missing in this volume, but is found in vol. viii, paged 
51, 52. Omitted by Stow; printed above between * *. Burton copied 
this leaf, with omissions and alterations, heading it: "This leaf being 
loose was casually lost, but by the helpe of a transcript is here restored r ' 
on what the damp-marks show to have been a blank leaf then in vol. vi. 
Why he did not return the leaf to its vol. does not appear.] 

[T Ellenhall; Burton's side-note.] 

[i Lower edge torn. All this leaf omitted by Stow.] 

[ " Sir William de Careswall living 50. II. 3. & 10. E. i. died ... 
E. I. and buried at Careswall." Note in margin in Burton's hand.] 



Ranton Abbey. b Healy Castle. 

c Caverswall. 
IV. K 



130 LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 75. 
Wilts. 



Shropshire. Archaul, alias Arcalu, a in Shropshire, and this lordship cam 
syns be bying onto the Newportes of Shropshire. 

There was one of the Giffardes of Shropeshire companion 
to Syr Robert Knolles in the batelles of Fraunce that was a 
waster of his lande. 

Billeswik alias les Gauntes in Bristow* . . .* 

Goyng oute of Chauburne b village 3. miles from Hungre- 
forde I passid over a litle streme caullyd Chauburne 
water, and it goith other ynto Bedwyne streme, or els by it 
self ynto Kenet ryver. Thens a 2. miles by woddy ground 
to Litle Bedwyne, wherby I passid over Great Bedwine 
broke. Hungreforde is a 2. miles or more from it. Thens a 
2. miles to Ramesbiry by meately woddy grounde. 

From Ramesbyri c to Marlebyri 3. myle by hilly ground, 
good corne and woodde. It standith on an hille from est 
doune to a vale by weste. S. Martines chapell at the entre 
in the est. S. Maries paroch chirch by the market place. A 
market house new made. Sum say that S. Maries was a 
nunry withoute autorite. S. Peter's at the botom of the 
towne by west. The castelle hard weste by it. The dongeon 
half standith. S. Margaretes Priory of White Chanons half a 
quarter of a mile by south oute of the towne. It is over 
Kenet on the right hand. A broke rennith ynto Kenet half 
[a mile] f of Marlebyri as I cam. It ran from northe to south. 
A mylle on Kenet withoute Marlebyri. 

Harding had Robert. Robert had Maurice. 

Rogerus Berkeley de Drisilega sunne maried with the 
doughter of Maurice. 

Drisilega, alias Dereslega. d It was ons in the foreste. 

Part of Drisilege Castel brought to make the new house 
of Dodington. 6 A quarre of tophe stone by Driselege, wher- 
of much of the castelle was buildid. 

The olde place of Dodington withyn the mote by the new. 

Ailwardus Blundus. 

[* The convent of St. Mark of Billeswick, founded by Maurice de 
Gaunt, and commonly called the Gaunts. Ricart's Kalendar, Camden 
Society, p. 56.] 

[t Hearne. Leland omits.] 






Gloucester- 
shire. 



Arcoll. 
<* Dursley. 



b Shalbourne. 



c Ramsbury. 
Dodington House. 



PART VIII 131 

Joannes de Buxeto. Gloucestcr- 

A glasse with bones yn a sepulchre found by Dodington shire, 
chirch yn the high way. Pottes exceding finely nelyd and 
florishid in the Romanes tymes diggid out of the groundes 
in the feldes of Dodington. 

A yerthen pott with Romayne coynes found in Dodington 
felde. 

Dodington longgid to the Barkeleys. 

Antiqui limites forestae de Kinggeswod.* fo. 76. 

Furcae de Bristolle. Hunteforde prope Kinggeswood mon- 
aster. Aqua de Severna. Le Rugwey * super cilium montis de 
Sobbery sicut se extendit de Lantedone usque ad aquam de 
Alreleg. 

Testes deforestationis. 

Gilbertus comes Glocester et Hertforde. 

Al the wodde in the great valley bytwene Sobbyri b and 
Kingeswood was caullid Horwoodde. 

Magatesfelde, c alias Magnusfelde, a smaul lordeship. It 
was ens' withowte fayle a nunnery. Parte of the cloyster 
standithe yet. It is now the Lorde Barkeleys. 

Sum say that there was a nunnery at Berkeley. 

Tebbyri d was of later tymes the Moulbrays lande. 

The Lorde Maurice Berkeley lately lyving had fair landes 
in Northampton and Notinghamshire that descendid from 
the Lorde Segrave by heires general to Berkeley and Moul- 
bray. 

Mr. Bridges auncient house is Cowberley. 

His house caullid . . . longid onto one Ferrares attainctid 
for cumming with King Richard the 3. onto the felde of 
Bosworth, and so it was gyven to Bridges. 

The castelle of Gary in Selwood was sumtyme the Lorde Somerset- 
S. Maure. Syns it longid onto the De la Zouches by heires shire, 
generalles of S. Maure. It was gyven onto Wilougby Lord 
Brooke and his heyres male at the attayndure of De la Zouche 
at King Richarde the 3. dethe. 

[* See before, p. 101.] 



The Ridge Way. b Sodbury. Mangotsfield. 

d Tetbury. Cubberley. 



132 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Somerset- 
shire. 



Gloucester- 
shire. 



fo. 77. 



The castelle of Mount joy in Spayne gave name to the 
Lorde Montjoies in England. 

The old Lorde Wyndesore or his father had the doughter 
and heyre of the Lorde Montjoye in mariage, by whom he 
had 500. markes of lande by the yere. The resydew went 
to the heire male. 

Beverstone Castelle. A castellet buildid by one of the 
Barkeleys of spoyle that he wan yn Fraunce. It standith 
aboute a myle from Tettebyri. 

Badmanton a village a good mile from Litle Sodbyri, wher * 
in remembraunce 3. of the Botelars of the house of Boteler 
Lord Sudeley. Boteler a man of an 180 //. landes. Ther is 
meane maner place and a parke. 

Gilberte by Camallat b maried one of Mr. Walsches 
doughters. 

Caines heire of Devonshire, a man of aboute 300. markes 
of lande, maried a nother. 

Clifordes sun and heire maried a nother. 

There hath been a very greate campe of menne of warre 
on an hille now caullyd Nebley c over growen with wodde 
aboute the mydle way betwixt Wotton Underege and Dersley d 
but nerer to Wotton. The Lord Lisle was slayn with an 
arow by one James Hiatte of the forest of Deene yn Nebley 
paroch. 

Cow Berkeley, shortely caullyd Cowberley, wher Mr. Bridges 
dwellith. 

Syr Wylliam Berkeley a very olde Knighte and lorde of 
Beverstane Castelle, welle motid, hath also a nother maner 
place caullid Over a 4. miles from Brightstow e sumwhat on 
the right hond by the way from Brightstow to ... 

Syr Giles Capelle and Syr Grifith of Braybroke Castelle in 
Northamptonshire maried the doughters and heyres of New- 
ton of Wike f in Somersetshir. 

The landes of the Lorde Saincte Lou cam to 2. heires 
general. One of them was maried onto Hungreford, the 
other onto Botreaux. Hastinges Erie of Huntingdon hath 

[* .SfcinMS.] 



a Badminton. 
d Dursley. 



b Queen's Camel. 
e Bristol. 



c Nibley. 
' Wick, 



PART VIII 133 

Newton Saincte Lo, a a maner place of a castel building a 2. Gloucester- 
miles byneth Bath toward Avon. shire. 

Hubley and Wike b the Lorde Chedders landes. 

Thomas Lorde Barkeley, as old Syr William Barkeley of 
Over and Beverstane told me, was taken prisoner in * Fraunce, 
and after recovering his losses with Frenche prisoners and at 
the Batail of Poyters buildid after the castell of Beverstane 
thoroughly, a pile at that tyme very preaty. 

Mr. Wikes of Dodington contendith by sum reasons that 
the Berkeley's of Dureslege wher of as olde an house or older 
then the Barkeleys of Berkeley. But the name of Berkeley 
town and lordship of whom the Berkeleys wher caullid 
soundith to the contrary. 

Bremisfeld stondith in the paroche of Estenhaul c aboute fo. 78. 
a 2. mile from Ledebyri. Here is in the clyving of an hille 
a castelle having fair towrres. It was the Beauchaumpes, 
lordes of Bodington 4. miles from Glocester. It was buildid 
by the Beauchaumps. Syr John Talbot of Grafton by Bromes- 
greve bowte it. 

Ther is at Bodington 4. miles north from Glocester a fair 
maner place and a parke. It cam to one Rede, servante to 
the Lorde Beauchamp, that maried his lordes doughter the 
eldeste of 3., and the Redes have it stille. 

Ther were nunnes at Minchin Hampton in Glocestershir 
towarde Tettebyri. 

There were nunnes at Boxwel 2. miles by est from Wotton 
Underege, destroied, as sum say, by the Danes. It longid 
now to the abbay of Glocester. 

Deirhurste d in Glocestershir. 

It standith as Severne river cummith doune in laeva ripa 
a mile beneth Theokesbyri. 6 

The site of the towne, as it is now, is in a maner of a 
medow. So that when Severne much risith the water cum- 
mith almoste aboute the towne. 

It is to be supposid that it was of olde tyme lesse subjecte 

[* MS. has and.] 



Newton St. Loe. b ? Abson and Wick. c ? Eastnor. 

d Deerhurst. e Tewkesbury. 



i 3 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- to waters, and that the botom of Severne, then deper withoute 
shire. choking of sandes, dyd at flouddes leste hurte. 

It is now but a poore village, and the lordship longgid 
of late partely to the Abbate of Theokesbyri. Suche parte as 
Westminstre had was longging to Persore Abbay tyl William 
Conqueror gave it away. Derehurst Abbay had the residew 
afore that the house of Derehurste was alienatid from the 
monasterie of S. Dionise by Parise, to the which it was a 
celle; and one Hugo Magason a monke of S. Dionise was 
the laste prior aliene there yn King Edwarde the 4. dayes, 
fo. 79. and aboute that tyme it was dissolvid, and moste of the 
landes of it given to Foderingey; and Eton College, as it is 
said, had sum title. After sute betwixte the colleges and the 
Abbay of Theokesbyri debatinges was, and after long tracte 
a final ende made in Henry the 7. days that the priory of 
Goldeclife, longging then newly to Teokesbyri, should go 
with the landes to Foderingey College, and Dehorhurst onto 
Theokesbyri. 

Bede makith mention that yn his tyme there was a notable 
abbay at Derehurste. It was destroyed by the Danes. Wer- 
stanus fledde thens, as it is sayde, to Malverne. The Frenche 
order was an erection syns the Conquest. The olde priory 
stode est from Severn a bow shotte, and north of the town. 
There remayne yet dyverse names of streates, as Fisschar 
streate, and other. But the buildinges of them begone. Ther 
be yet 2. fay res kept, one at eche day in inventione et exalta- 
tione Cruets. There is a parke bytwixt the old plotte of 
Holme Castelle and it, but it longgid to Holme the erles of 
Glocesters house, and not to it. There is a fair maner place 
of tymbre and stone yn this Theokesbyri Parke wher the 
Lord [Edward Spenjsar lay, and late my Lady Mary. 

Prestebyri a is a praty townelet standing a mile este south 
este from Chiltenham yn Glocestershire. There is a quarre 
of fine stone aboute Prestebyri, of the whiche parte of the 
fine stone workes of Theokesbyri were buildyd. Sum say 
that it was of old tyme a market towne, and had fraunchesis. 
It is now made a market toune agayne a 20. yeres syns. The 
town hath beene larger then it is now, and hath be sumwhat 
defacid with chaunce of fier. The Erles of Glocester were 

a Prestbury. 



PART VIII 135 

lordes of it. And Gilberte de Clare the secunde Erie of Glpucester- 

Glocester gave it to the bisshoprike of Herforde for emendes shire. 

of wronges to Cantulupe Bisshop of Hereforde and to his 

chirch. One Simon a freholder, servante to the redde erle, 

having a 10. //'. by yere in the lordship was bounde to wayte 

on the Bisshop of Hereforde if he wente ynto Scottelande. 

There is now a fair house on that grounde caullid Overton. 

It is now one VVylliam Bagers, and is a mile dim. oute of 

Prestbyri, but in the paroche of it. The Bisshope of Herforde 

is lorde of the towne, and hath a faire place there at the 

northe west parte of the town toward Theokesbyri. The place 

is ... welle motid, and standith withyn a quarter of a mile 

of Southam. Master . . . 

* Hanley [ Worcersterss^\ Is from Upton a mile in dextra (fo. 80.*) 
ripa Sabrinae, a mile above Upton, and a flite shotte from 
Severne. It is an uplandisch towne. The castelle standith 
in a park at the weste parte of the towne. Syr John Savage 
and his father and grauntfather lay muche aboute Hanley 
and Theokesbyri as kepers of Hanley. The erles of Glou- 
cester were owners of this castel, and lay much there. Mr. 
Cometon clene defacid it yn his tyme, beying keper of it 
after Savage. 

Tetbyri castelle is a 2 miles from Theokesbyri above it 
in ripa laeva Sabrinae apon a clivfe] with doble diches, in 
the paroche of Twyning. It is now overgrowne with trees 
and busshes of juniper. It longgid to Winchelcumbe Abbay. a 
Peraventure it was King Offa, or King Kenulphus, house. 

Upton b [ Wicesterss^\ standith in ripa dextra Sabrinae apon Worcester- 
a cluster 4 miles above Theokesbyri, and here is a bridge of shirc - 
wood on Sabrine, and here is a greate stable of the Kinges 
a late occupied for great horses, and a nother at Theokes- 
byri. 

Areley [Staffs.}-^ is a good uplandische toune in laeva 
ripa Sabrinae aboute a v miles above Bewdeley. 

[* Fo. 80 is missing in vol. vi, it is found in vol. viii figured 17, 1 8. 
Printed above between * *.] 
[t Arley, in Worcestershire.] 



Winchcomb. b Upton-on-Severn. 



136 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Worcester- 
shire. 



fo. 94 v. 
Gloucester- 
shire. 



fo. 95. 



Alveley.* There was a faire place of the Mortimers aboute 
Teme ryver side. Mr. Cometon now hath it. 

Bredon in Worcestershir a great sparkelid uplandisch 
toune stondithe on the lifte ripe of severne aboute the midle 
way betwixte Persore and Theokesbyri, and a greate hille 
caullid Bredon lyith by the town flat este, and almost yn the 
botom of it lyith Elmeley castelle as clyving on the hille a 
2 miles from Bredon towne: and under lyith the vale of 
Eovesham. Doctor Guente was persone of Bredon. Per- 
aventure here was the noble monasterie of Bredon that Bede 
spekith of. 

The soile of Bredon self is not woddy. 

Bredon longgith and also Clive a to the Bishop of Wor- 
cester.* 

Maner places longging to the Abbate of Theokesbyri.f 

Stanwey was almost reedified and augmentid by Abbate 
Cheltenham tempore Henrici 7. 

Fordehampton b a faire place apon Severne in dextra ripa 
a mile beneth Theokesbyri and agayn the parke of Theokes- 
byri standing in laeva ripa. 

The maner place in Theokesbyri park with the parke was 
lette by Henry the 7. to thabbot of Theokesbyri yn fee 
ferme with the holme wher the castel was. 

Theokesbyri. 

It standith in laeva ripa Avonae a good flite shot above 
the confluence of Avon and Severne. 

Ther is a greate bridge of stone at the northe ende of the 
towne, and ther a litle above the bridge Avon brekith into 
2. armes. Yet the bridge is so large that both cum under 
it. The right arme cummith into Severne with yn a flite shot 
of the bridge, and at the pointe of this arme is the towne 
key for shippes caullid picardes. 

[* This seems to be Alveley in Shropshire, but not on the Teme.] 
[t A long abstract on leaves 81-93 of Leland's MS. of a Tewkes- 

bury chronicle is transferred to Appendix I () at the end of this 

volume. ] 



a Cleeve in Gloucestershire. 



b Forthampton. 



PART VIII 137 

The other arme cummith downe by the side of the towne Gloucester- 
and the abbay, leving it on the este, and so passing harde shire, 
ther by Holme castelle goith into Severne. 

Bredon a very celebrate chirche and paroche, having many 
villages and hammelettes longging onto it; but it is now no 
market town. It stondith on the lifte ripe of Avon 2. miles 
dim. above Theokesbyri. Ther is a litle broke caullid 
Suliet* cumming downe from Clive, and enterith into Avon 
at Holme castelle by the lifte ripe of it. This at sodayn 
raynes is a very wylde brooke, and is fedde with water faull- 
ing from the hilles therby. 

Ther be 3. streates yn the towne meating at the market 
crosse, wherof the chifiest is caullid the High Strete. Ther 
was no other paroche chirch yn the town but the weste ende 
of the abbay chirche. 

King John beyng Erie of Glocester by his wife caussid 
the bridge of Twekesbyri to be made of stone. He that was 
put in truste to do it first made a stone bridge over the gret 
poure of booth the armes by north and weste: and after to 
spede and spare mony he made at the northe ende a wodde 
bridge of a greate lenght for sodeyne lande waters, putting 
the residew of the mony to making of the castel of Hanley b 
on the inheritaunce of the Erledom of Glocester. 

The redde Erie lay much at this Hanley a v. miles from 
Twekesbyri and a mile from Upton. 

King John gave to the mayntenaunce of this bridge the fo. 96. 
hole tolle of the Wensday and Saturday marketes in the 
towne, the which they yet possesse, turnyng it rather holely 
to their owne profite then reparation of the bridge. 

Ther was at the south west ende of the abbay a castel 
caullid Holme. The tyme of the building of it is oncer- 
teyne. It is certeyne that the Clares Erles of Glocester, and 
especially the redde Erie, lay much at Holme.* 

The redde Erie much trobelid S. Thomas of Hereforde. 

There hath beene yn tyme of mynd sum partes of the 
castel standing. Now sum ruines of the botoms of waulles 
appere. Now it is caullid Holme hylle. 

[* See before p. 134.] 



Swiljjate r. > Hanley Castle, Worcestershire. 



138 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- George Duke of Glocester* [Clarence] brother to King 
shire. Edward had thought to have brought Avon aboute the toune 

and to have enlargid the town. 

There was litle or no habitation at Twekesbyri at such 
tyme as Odo and Dodo, Dukes of Merches a and brothers dyd 
erecte there a prior of Blak Monkes Benedictines, a celle or 
filial to Craneburne in Dorsetshir. Odo and Dodo gave to 
Theokesbyri Staneway cum membris, videlicet Tadington, b 
Prestecote et Didcote. Thracy now dwellith at Staneway. 
After, in the later reyne of the Danes and Edwarde the Con- 
fessor, was y-Eilwerdus Meaw Erie of Glocester, and he was 
countid as founder of Craneburne. 

Ailwerdus had a sunne caullid Brictrice Erie of Gloceter 
aboute the tyme of the cumming of Duke Wylliam of Nor- 
mandie ynto England. Matildis wife to Wylliam Conqueror 
askid Bictrice yn gifte of her husband, and having hym put 
hym yn the castelle of Hanley beside Saresbyri, and there 
he dyed. Sum say that Matildis wold have had hym afore 
Duke William to her husband, but he refusing it had after 
hard favor at her handes. 

King William gave the praeferrement of the counte of 
Glocester onto his wif Matilde. After it cam to Roberte 
fo. 97. Fitz Haymo of the blode of Duke Rollo nephew onto King 
William Conqueror. 

This Robert Fitz Haymo made the priorie of Theokesbyri 
an abbay, making Cranburne but a celle onto it, and trans- 
lating the chief landes of Cranburne to his monasterie. 

Robert Fitz Haymo was buried at Twekesbyry, firste in 
the Chapitre House, after translatid into the north syde of 
the quier yn a chapelle. 

Epit. in camera Sacelli. 

Hie jacet Robertus filius Haymonis hujus loci fundator. 

This Robertus newly made the buildinges of the mona- 
sterie and chirch with the towre. 

Robertus Consul ejus gener aedificavit pyramidem super 
turrim. 

[* Burton corrects Gloucester to Clarence.] 



Mercia. b Teddington, Worcestershire. 



PART VIII 139 

Sibylla filia comitis Artmtinae vallis, et soror comitis Gloucester- 
Salapiat, uxor fuit Roberti filii Haimonis. shire. 

Hawisia uxor Roberti Consul. 

Robertus Fitz Haymo left 3. doughters, wherof the 2. 
elder wher nunnes, one at Sheaftesbyri, the other at Wileton. 
King Henry the firste kepte the 3. and she was after maried 
to Robertus Consul, bastarde onto Henry the firste, and was 
Erie Glocester. He buildid the castelle of Bristow or the 
most parte of it. Every man sayith that he buildid the great 
square stone dungeon, and that the stones therof cam oute 
of Cane in Normandie, and like wise the stones of the toure 
of Theuksbyri chirche. 

Robertus Consul was buried at S. James priory in Bright- 
stow. 

Robertus Consul had a sunne caullid Wylliam that was 
erle after hym. 

Wylliam had 2. sunnes, Roberte and Roger. Roberte 
dyed young. Roger was a preste and bisshop. Wylliam 
causid his sunne Roberte to be buried at Cainsham a then a 
smaule priory, and after he newly repayred and endowed it, 
making it an abbay of canons regular. 

Wyllyam dyed yn Brightestow Castel, and wyllid to be 
buried by his father at S. James: but he was prively conveyid 
by night onto Cainsham, and had gyven the hole lordeship 
of Marschefel b onto Cainsham, and impropriate the benefice 
therof onto S. James priory, and the benefice consequently 
cam to Teokesbyri. 

There was, as it is sayde, a nunnery at Marschefelde. 

Wylliam had 3. doughters, wherof one was maried * to fo. 98. 
Almerike a Britaine, and he was the Erie of Glocester for a 
6. yeres. 

John brother to Richard the fyrst maried a nother, and 
by her he was Erie of Glocestre. King John had no issue 
by her, and kept her but a yere, and so repudiating her 
toke to wife the Erie of Herefordes doughter, and reteynid 
yn his handes the toun and the castelle of Brightestow 
within the hundrede of Berton c lying in Glocestershir hard 

[* MS. has made in error for fnaried.] 



R Keynsham. b Marshfield. c Barton. 



140 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gloucester- by Brightstow as byttwixt the forest of Kingeswod and it : 
shire. an( j so it hath syns stil remaynid yn the Kinges handes. 

King John's wife repudiated was after maried to the* 
Erie of ... 

Clare maried a nother of the doughters of Wylliam Erie 
of Glocester, and was Erie of Glocestre. 

Gilbertus i 8 . sun to Richarde the first was Erie of Glo- 
cester. 

This Gilberte was buried in the quier at Theokesbyri. 

Gilbertus the firste had Richard the 2. Erie of Glocester, 
and was buried in the quier of Tewkesbyri on the right hond 
of his father, and there lay his image yn sylver. 

Richard the 2. had Gilberte the secunde, communely 
caullyd the Redde yerle by cause his body was of a very 
ruddy and blody color. He delte hardely with the monkes 
of Twekesbyri, and tooke away the giftes of Gilberte the 
firste his grand-father. He was buried on the lifte hand of 
Gilbert the first his grand-father. 

Gilbert the 2. had Gilbert the 3. and he was Erie of 
Glocester, and restorid to the monasterie of Tweukesbyri 
such things as his father had taken away. He was slayne 
at the batail of Striveline a yn Scottelande, and was buried on 
the lifte hand of his father. 

fo. 99. Gilberte the 3. had John that died yn his infancie, and 
was buried in a Chapel of our Lady at Tewkesbyry. 

This Gilberte the 3. dyed in the 23. yeres of his age 
muche lamentid, by cause he was a good manne. He had 
3. sisters, doughtters onto the Redde Erie. Wherof Eleanore 
the eldeste was maried onto Hugh Spencer, the 2. sun to 
Hugh Spencer Erie of Winchester, and by her was Erie of 
Glocester, and was beheddid and quarterid at Hereford est- 
. . . and one of the quarters of hym was buried by the 
lavatory of the high altare in Twekesbyry. A nother was 
maried to Da . . . ley, and by that line in processe one of 
the Audeleys was Erie of Glocester. 

Edwarde sun to Hugh Spensar the 3. had Thomas, and 

[* Stow crosses out " the erle of" and substitutes " Geffrey de Mag- 
navilla Erie of Essex."] 



Stirling. 



PART VIII 141 

he was made Erie of Glocester by Richarde the 2.; wich Gloucester- 
Thomas had to wife Constance the doughter of Edmunde shire. 
Langeley Duke of Yorke. 

After this the landes beyng disperkelid Thomas of Wode- 
stoke the v. sunne of Edwarde the 3. was made Duke of 
Glocester. 

Then was after Humfrey sunne to Henry the 4. Duke of 
Glocester. 

After this was Richard brother to Edwarde the 4. Duke 
of Glocester. 

Over now longing to old Sr. William Barkeley was of the fo. 100. 
olde landes of the Lorde Barkeley. 

Okington Park longing onto Sr. William Berkeley not far 
from Over. 

The lordeship of Beverstane was firste the Barkeleys. 

Maurice de Gaunte was lorde of Beverstane Castelle by 
Tettebyri. One of the Barkeleys boughte it. 

Loke wither Maurice wher not first caullyd Barkeley, 
and thenne Gaunte d loco tantum natalium.* 

There is a quarre of good stone at Beverstane, unde 
nomen ex conjectura. 

John Lorde Barkeley was wondid and taken, as sum say, 
at the batelle of Poiters. After he was redemed, and wel 
recoverid his losses of the [French] f men. 

One of the Barkeleys, that is to say the greate graund- Hampshire, 
fader of Syr William Berkeley, had yn mariage the hole 
lordship of Betistre * in Hampshir, mariyng the doughter and 
heir of Betistre. Syns it cam to one callid Brierton, that 
maried the doughter and heire general of Barkeley [in] 
Hampsire, and had by her a doughter and heyre, mother to 
yong Comet . . . possessor of Betehistre. 

Such land as Syr William Barkeley had of the Be[tistres] % 
wer lefte by surementes as onto the male, and the maner 
place is caullid Avon, distant 3. miles from Chr[istes-Chirch 
Twinham] { . . . 

[* Like John of Gaunt, born in Ghent. See before p. 130 note.] 
[t Seen by Hearne ; the edge is torn. Stow omits this page. The 
tale is told of Thomas lord Berkeley before, p. 133.] 
[+ Both seen by Hearne; not in Stow.] 



a Bisterne. 



142 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hampshire. Of auncient tyme Balduine Reduers was Erie of Wigchte, 
and Devonshire, and also lorde of the towne of Christes- 
Chirche Twinham, and the landes there aboute as of the 
Hundrede of [Ringwod.] 

Syns of later tymes the Monteacutes Erles of Saresbyri 
were lordes of Christes-Chirch Twinham and the Hundrede 
of Ringewod. 

Christes-Chirch Twinham and the Hundrede of Ringe- 
wodde cam after to one of the later Beauchamps * Erles of 
Warwike by manage of a doughter of the blode of the 
Monteacutes. 



fo. 101. 
Dorset. 



The new foreste in Hampshire. 

There be yn it 9. waulkes. 

It is by estimation in cumpace . . . 

Ther be 9. kepers, to raungers, a bowberer, and the 
Lord Wardein, which is the Erie of Arundale by enherit- 
aunce. 

There was sum foreste grounde there, as sum suppose, 
afore Kyng Wylliam Conqueror's tyme. 

The place wher it is sayde that Tyrelle kyllyd King 
William Rufus ys caullid Thorougham, a and there standith 
yet a chapelle. 

Blakemore yn Dorseteshire was a forest. It streachid 
from Ivelle onto the quarters of Shaftesbyri, and touchid 
with Gillingham foreste that is nere Shaftesbyri. f 

Blakemore was deforestid in King William Conqueror's 
tyme. 

At the which tyme and long afore were the Thornehulles 
of Thornehul, b and the Leustons of Lewston with De la 
Line in estimation aboute Blakemore. (Hul was that worde 
to the Saxons that now in Englisch is haule.) 

Blandeford toune in Dorsetshire longgid to the erledom 
of Lancaster. 



[* Burton has here interlined Neville in Leland's MS.] 
[t See before, p. 107.] 



a Truham. 



b Thornhill, 



PART VIII 143 

Ryye * a great riche heyne in Blandeford. Dorset. 

Chiddour * a good husband tounelet to Axbrige in Somer- 
setshire. It lyith on the rootes of Mendupe Hilles. 
Marlines old gentilmen in Dorsetshire. 

[* Ryves, he was probably forebear to Sir Thomas Ryves and Dr. 
Bruno Ryves, notable men of Blandford in the sixteenth century. 
Heyne, a saving, niggardly man.] 



Cheddar. 



NOTE TO PAGE 118 

Edmund Grim or, as modern biographers call him, 
Edward wrote his important life of Thomas a Becket 
between 1174 and 1177. Leland saw and read it when in 
possession of Thomas Sulmo, as is shown by the following 
notice by Leland in his "Commentarii de Scriptoribus 
Britannicis," Bodl. MS. Gen. Top. e 4, p. 177 (edited by 
A. Hall, 1779, p. 218): 

" Edmundus Grimaeus vir in literis optimis non infeli- 
citer versatus, individuus Thomae Becketi Cantiani [comes] 
atque idem crucifer, erat: in cede patroni vulnus et ipse 
brach[i]is accepit. Deinde quieti studens Vitam Thomae 
Becketi Cantiani scripsit ac edidit; quam et ego aliquando 
librum vidi, et legi apud Sulmonem, virum antiquitatis 
cognitione edoctum." 

See further as to Sulmo, Appendix III. 



APPENDIX I (a)* 

Ex libello GENEALOGIAE COMITUM OXONIENSUM. fo. 42. 

DE PETIT genus a Noe. Deinde a Tideo Graeco. In- 
super a Vero nobiliss. Romano. Postremo a Milone 
comite de Genney ^ alias Gisney. 

Milo Duke of Aungiers, and duk and leader of Great 
Charles hoste and armye maried Berthelle sister of great 
Charles. Hie fuit superstes anno D. 800. 

Milo had to his first sunne Rothuland or Rouland Erie 
Palatine, Erie of Maunce and Bleuys that was slaine of the 
paganes at Runcidevale. 

He had also Baldwine de Ver afterward Duk of Maunce. 

He had also Milo de Ver, to whom, as to the yonggest 
brother and his nephew, Kinge Charles gave the erldom of 
Geney or Gisney. 

Avelina doughter of the Erie of Nauntes wif to Milo de 
Ver the sunne. 

[Nicasius de Ver Erie of Genney sonne to yonge Milo 
Erie of Genney. 

This Nicasius had to wyfe Agathe the dowghtar of the 
Erie of Champain. 

Of Nicasius cam Otho de Vere Erie of Genney, maried to 
Constance dowghtar to the Lord of Charters.] f 

Of Otho cam Amelius de Ver Erie of Genney. 

Helena doughtter to the Erie of Bloys tooke to husband 
Amelius. 

Gallus de Ver Erie of Genney. 

Gerthrudis doughtter of the Lord of Cleremont wif to 
Gallus. 

[* See before, p. 101 note. This Appendix I contains two portions 
transferred from the text of Leland's vol. vi, our Part VIII. ] 

[t This passage is preserved by Stow, the lower part of the original 
fo. 42 being repaired it is there obliterated.] 

IV. L 



146 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Manasses de Ver Erie of Genney. 

Petronilla doughter of the Erie of Boleine and wif to 
Manasses de Ver. 

Alphonsus de Ver Erie of Genney. 

Katarine his wife doughter to Arnalde Erie of Flaundres. 

Albery de Ver Erie of Genney. 

Beatrice his wife sister to King William Conquerour. 

This Albery buildid Colne Priory of Blak Monkes yn 
Estsax, and there with his wife is buryed. 

Albry the 2. was made Great Chambrelayne of Englande 
by King Henry the firste yn the beginning of his reigne. 

This Albry the 2. had to [wife] Alice the doug[hter] of 
[Geffrey] Mandeville Er[le of Estsax.] 

fo. 43. Albry the 3. Erie of Genney Great Chaumbrelayne of 
Englande. 

This Albry the 3. had to wife Adelice the doughter of 
Robert Erie of Glocester. 

This Albry the 3., his father yet lyving, was at the con- 
quest of the cites of Nicque, of Antioche, and of Hieru- 
salem in the cumpanie of Robert Courtois Duke of Nor- 
mandie. 

At the siege of the cite of Antioche in a batelle againe 
Solimant Prince of the Turkes a. D. 1097. a baner of S. 
George was taken from Christians : the which after was won 
againe by this Abry the 3. Wherapon Albry gave after the 
armes of S. George in his sheld. 

In the yere of our Lord 1098. Corborant, Admiral to 
the Soudan of Perce, was faught with at Antioche and dis- 
cumfited by the Christianes. The night cumming on yn the 
chace of this bataile, and waxing dark, the Christianes beyng 
4. miles from Antioche, God willing the saufte a of the 
Christianes shewid a white starre or molette of fyve pointes 
on the Christen host, which to every mannes sighte did 
lighte and arrest apon the standard of Albry the 3., there 
shyning excessively. 

This Albry for his greatnes of stature and sterne looke 
was namid Albry the Grymme. 

This Albry the 3. foundid the priory of Ikelington b of 
nunnes in Cambridgeshire. 

a I.e., safety. b Ickleton. 



APPENDIX I 147 

Albry the 3. had Albry the 4. Great Chambrelaine of 
England, the which was creatid Erie of Oxford by Henry 
the 2. 

Albry the 4. had to wif Adelice doughter to Robert 
Bigot Erie of Northfolke. 

Albry the 4. had a doughter caullid Margaret maried to 
Ranulph Erie of Chester. Of whom descendid Hugh Erie 
of Chester, etc. 

Robert de Vere Erie of Oxford, and Great Chambre- 
laine, secunde sunne to Albry the 3. and brother to Albry 
the 4 th , had to wife Isabelle doughter * and h[eire to Hugh] 
Vicecounte Bulbek. 

This Robert foundid the Priory of Blak Monkes at Hat- fo. 44- 
feld Bradeoke, caullid Kinges Hatfeld, yn Estsax; and after 
his decease the saide Isabelle foundid the Abbay of Wo- 
bourne in the counte of Buckingham, and the house of 
Freres Preachers in the towne of Oxforde. 

Hugo de Ver Erie of Oxford Vicecou-nte Bulbek, and 
Great Chaumbrelayne of Englande, was maried to Hawise, 
doughter to Saerus de Quincy Erie of Winchester. Of 
whom cam Robert de Ver Erie of Oxford et c. 

This Robert had to wife Alice, doughter and heire of 
Gilberte Lord Sanforde. 

This Alice in her widohod foundid the house of the 
Freres Preachers in Cambridge. 

Of this Robert and Alice came Robert Erie of Oxford 
et C., caullid the good Erie Roberte, which had to wif Mar- 
garet doughter to Roger Mortimer Erie of Marche. 

This good Erie Robert and Margaret had a doughter 
namid Jane, after maried to William Erie Warine, of whom 
descendid John Erie Warine. 

This good Erie Robert went to Rome on pilgrimage a. 
1300. At the which tyme a certaine pagane, caullid Vitro- 
cus, buildid the Castelle Vitro, and the towne theronto 
adjoyning, stonding in the realme of Naples, wher by 
tyranny he did very much hurt to the Christianes: so that 
Robert Erie of Oxford, by appointement, faught with hym 

[* Sister and heire to Walter de Bolebec in Dugdales Baronage, 
vol. i. p. 189. and 191. where are several other things different from 
Mr. Leland's account, and which ought therefore to be carefully con- 
sider'd, Hcarnc.] 



148 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

in duello and vanquisshid hym : and * after his by poure of 
God, and gave the Castelle Vitro and the town to the 
bisshop and see of Rome. In token of this victorie ther 
stande on the gates of the town of Vitro the armes of Vere, 
the bore and molette, engraven in stone. 

God shewid many miracles for this good Erie Roberte. 
fo 45. Syr Alphons de Vere knight, secund brother to good 
Erie Robert, had by his wife Jane, doughter to Syr Richard 
Foliot knighte, John de Ver Erie of Oxford, Vicecounte 
Bulbek, Lord Samford, and great Chaumbreleyne of 
England. 

This Erie John had to wife Mawde, the eldest of the 
doughters and heires of the Lord Badelesmer. 

John had issue Thomas Erie of Oxford, great Chaumbre- 
laine et c. 

This Thomas had to wife Maude, doughter to Maude 
and Rafe Ufford knight, sunne and heire to the Erie of 
Southfolk. 

(Here was brought in as folowith the descent of this 
Maude Countes of Oxford. f) 

Henry Duke of Lancastre, and Maude, doughter to the 
Duke of York, had vi. doughters. 

Maude the firste doughter had to her first husband 
William de Burgo Erie of Ulstere, of whom cam Elisabeth 
maried to Lionelle Duke of Claraunce. 

This Maude had to her 2. husband Rafe Ufford, sunne 
and heire to the Erie of Southfolk, and by this Rafe she had 
Maude, after maried to Thomas Ver Erie of Oxford. 

Blaunche 2. doughter to Henry Duke of Lancaster and 
Maude was maried to the Lord Wake. 

Eleanor the 3. doughter was maried to the Erie of Arun- 
dale. 

Isabelle the 4. was priores of Ambresbyri. 

Jane the 5. was maried to the Lord Moubray. 

Mary the 6. was maried to the Lord Percy. 



Thomas Vere Erie of Oxford afore namid had to wife 

[* Stein MS.; but Stow reads, "Aftar this by power of God gave 
the castel."] 

[t This is evidently Leland's remark.] 



APPENDIX I 149 

Maude, and had by her Robert Ver Erie of Oxford, Mar- 
quise of Duueline R and Duke of Ireland. 

This Robert toke to wife Philippe doughter of Ingram 
Lord Coucy, Erie of Bedford, and Isabelle doughter to 
King Edwarde the thirde. 

(Then cam there a line in the petigre from John de Ver fo. 46. 
Erie, and Thomas Erie of Oxford, father to Robert Ver 
Duke of Ireland, having this writing folowing:) 

Albrede, brother to Erie Thomas, and uncle to Duk 
Robert, Erie of Oxford, Great Chaumbrelaine, Viscount 
Bulbek, Lord Samford and Badelesmer. 

This Albrede had to wife Alice, doughtier of John Lord 
Fitzwalter. 

They had Richard Erie of Oxford. 

This Richard was maried to Alice, one of the ii. dough- 
ters and heires of Richard Sergeaunt knight. 

This Richard had John Ver Erie of Oxford. 

This John toke to wife Elisabeth doughter and heire to 
John Howard knight. 

This John had by Elisabeth John Erie of Oxford et c. 

This last John Erie of Oxford had to his first wife * Mar- 
garet doughter of Richard Neville Erl of Saresbyri. And he 
had to his secund wif Elisabeth doughter of Richard Scroope 
knight : but he had issue by nother of them. 

John Erie of Oxford and Elisabeth Hawarde had issue 
beside Erie John a doughter caullid Jane, maried to Willyam 
Norres knight and Syr George Ver knight. 

This George maried Margaret, doughter and heir to 
William Stafford of Froham, of whom cam John Veer Erie 
of Oxford et c. 

This John maried Anne, doughter of Thomas Haward 
Duk of Northfolk. 

Syr George Vere had issue 3. doughters, wherof Elisabeth 
was maried to Syr Antonie Wingefeld knighte. 

Dorothe was maried to Syr John Neville the Lord 
Latimers heir. 

Ursula was maried to Edmund Knightley. 

[* Wife interlined in another hand.] 



Dublin. 



150 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

fo. 46 bis. The last line. 

Richard Ver Erie of Oxford and Alice Sergeaux had 
beside Erie John a sunne caullid Syr Robert de Ver. 

This Robert had to wife Jane, doughter and heire to 
Warine Archedecon knight, of whom descendid John Ver. 

This John maried Alice one of the 2 doughters and 
heires of Walter Kilrington alias Colbroke. They had John 
late Erie of Oxford etc. 

This Erie John had to wife Elisabeth, doughtter and 
heir of Edward Trussel, sunne and heire of William Trusselle 
knight: by whom he had John de Ver Lord Bulbek; 

Albry de Ver; 

Robert de Ver ; 

Geffray de Ver. 

Doughters. 

Elisabeth maried to Syr Thomas Darcy. 
Anne maried to Edmund Shefefeld. 
Frauncis maried to Henry Erie of Surrey. 



APPENDIX I (6)* 

fo. 8 1. Ex libello DE ANTIQUITATE THEOKESBIRIENSIS MONASTERII. 

Fundatio Monaster. de Theokesbyri a. Di. 7 15. per duces 
Merciorum. 

Temporibus Ethelredi, Kenredi, et Ethelbaldi regum 
Merciorum fuerunt Oddo et Doddo duces in Mercia. 

Theocus Heremita mansiunculam habuit prope Sabrinam, 
unde et Thokesbyria. 

(Sum say that Theocus Chapelle was aboute the place 
wher syns the Jues Synagoge was. Inland's Sidenote.) 

[* See before, p. 136 note. The following pages, as far as p. 161, are 
an abstract by Leland of a " Chronica de fundatoribus et de fundatione 
ecclesiae Theokusburiae," which was printed by Dugdale (Mon. Angl. , 
ed. 1819, vol. ii, 59-65) from a copy in the Cotton MS., Cleop., C. iii, 
fo. 220 a. Leland evidently saw the original in the monastery.] 



APPENDIX I 151 

Oddo et Doddo hie construxere monasteriolum in fundo 
suo prope Sabrinam in honorem Dei et S. Mariae Assumptae, 
ubi 4. aut 5. monachos cum priore posuerunt. 

Dederunt Monasterio Stanewey cum membris. 

Oddo et Doddo obierunt a. D. 725. 

Sepulti sunt Persorae in monaster. suo. 

Oddo ante obitum monachus Persorensis. 

Almaricus, frater Oddonis et Doddonis, sepultus apud 
Deorhurste in parva capella contra portam prioratus ejusdem. 
Haec capella aliquando fuit aula regia. Ibi mostratur in 
diem hodiernum ejus sepulchrum, ubi in pariete scribitur 
supra ostium: Hanc aulam Dodo dux consecrari fecit in 
ecclesiam ad honorem Beatae Mariae virginis ob amorem 
fratris sui Almarici. 

Strages, bella, et incerta imperia pene a morte Oddonis et 
Doddonis usque ad Athelstani monarchiam. 

Incertum igitur quis illis temporibus patroni fuerit* 
Theokesbyriensis Monasterii. 

Theokesbiriense Monasterium bis illis temporibus spolia- 
tum incensumque. 

Reddito sereniori tempore Hugo magnus dux floruit in 
Mercia, patronus prioratus de Theokesbyri A. D. 800. 
Quo anno praedicto sepelivit Brightricum regem West- 
Saxonum in prioratu suo de Theokesbyri in Sacello 
S. Fidei. 

Obiit dux Hugo a. D. 812. et sepultus est in eodem 
prioratu. Adhuc apparet tumulus ad boream in navi 
ecclesiae. 

An . D 1 . 930. sub Ethelstano rege Ailwardus Meaw, sic 
dictus ab albedine, ex prosapia regis Edwardi Senioris, regis 
West-Saxonum, erat vir armis strenuus. 

Hie Ailwardus pro se et Algiva conjuge sua tempore 
Ethelredi et Dunstani episcopi erexit parvum monasterium 
in honorem Dei, S. Mariae, et Barptolemaei in fundo suo 
apud Croneburne circa An. D 1 . 980. 

Ailwardus obiit a. Di. . . . 17. Calend. Januarii. fo. 82. 

Ejus filius Algarus cum sua uxore Algiva jure hereditario 
successerunt. 

[* Sic cum virgula supra tin. ac si fuerint legi debeat. Sed fuerit est 
vera lectio ', nisi quinam pro quis rcponamus. Hearne.] 



152 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Algaro successit Brictricus : et hii ampliaverunt monaster. 
de Croneburne. 

An . D. 1066. Gulielmus dux Normann. acquisivit An- 
gliam. 

Robertus juvenis, filius Haymonis domini de Ascrevilla in 
Normannia, venit in Angliam cum Gul. Conquestore. 

Brictricus Imbassiator in Normannia refutavit nuptias 
Matildis, postea uxoris Gul. Conquestoris. 

Brictricus Dns Glocestriae captus in manerio suo de Han- 
leia, et Wintoniam ductus: ubi sine liberis obiit. 

Matildis regina honorem Glocestriae mortuo Brictrico 
accepit. 

Obiit Matildis a. D. 1083. mense Apr. Deinde rex sibi 
servavit honorem de Glocester. 

Gulielmus Conquestor obiit a. D. 1087. 

Gul. Rufus processu temporis dedit honorem Glocestriae 
Roberto filio Haymonis cum omni libertate qua eum tenuit 
Brictricus. 

Robertus filius Haymonis duxit in uxorem Sibillam sororem 
Roberti Belesmi comitis Salapiae. 

Genuit ex ea filias Mabiliam, Hawisiam, Ceciliam, 
Amiciam. 

An . D. 1 102. Robertus filius Haymonis, exhortatione 
Sibillae uxoris suae et Giraldi Abbatis de Croneburne, 
ecclesiam de Theokesbyri ex novo fecit, et novis posses- 
sionibus ditavit. 

Robertus filius Haymonis, relictis tantum priore et 2. 
fratribus in Croneburne, ceteros cum Giraldo abbate trans- 
tulit una cum praediis Theokesbiriam, quam ex prioratu in 
abbatiam magnifice extulit. 

Robertus filius Haymonis obiit Id. Mart. a. D. 1107. et 
a. 7. Henrici primi. Sepultus fuit Theokesbiriae in domo 
capitulari. Postea per Robertum 3. abbatem in ecclesiam 
translatus est, et in dexteraparte coemiterii inter 2. columnas 
honorifice collocatus a. D. 1241. 
fo. 83. Isabella uxor Roberti obiit 17. Cal. Januar. a. D*. . . . 

An . D. 1397. Thomas Pakare abbas 18. capellam 
mirifici operis erigi fecit circa novum Roberti filii Haymonis 
tumulum. 

An . D 1 . 1113. Dns Robertus de Candos fundavit eccle- 
siam de Goldecliva in honorem S. Mariae virg. et S. Magda- 



APPENDIX I 153 

lenae, et posuit in ea permissione Henrici I. regis Angl. 
Hugonem cum 12. fratribus qui S. Benedict! regulam 
sequerentur, et abbatiae Beccensi subjecit. 

Robertas Candos veniebat e Normannia cum Gul. Con- 
questore. Genuit ex Isabella uxore sua Robertum, Rogerum, 
et Godardum : et patronatus de Goldeclive traditus est in 
manus regis. 

Quart. Non. Decembr. a. D. 1120. obiit Robertus Can- 
dos, et sepultus est in dextera parte presbyterii apud Golde- 
clive. 

Henricus 6. rex Angl. contulit patronatum de Goldeclive 
Henrico duci de Warwik : et prioratum ejusdem monaster. 
de Theokesbyri. 

Henricus primus rex noluit honorem de Glocestre dividi 
inter filias Roberti Haymonis. 

Cecilia filia Roberti facta est abbatissa de Shaftesbyri. 

Hawisia abbatissa de Wilton. 

Amicia nupsit comiti Britanniae. 

Mabilia primogenita nupsit Roberto filio notho Henrici 
primi, quem pater rex Henricus integro honore de Glocestre 
insignivit. 

Hie Robertus nothus aedificavit prioratum S. Jacobi 
Bristolliae, et membrum fecit monasterio de Theokesbyri. 

Robertus nothus solebat singulis solennibus diebus 
habere secum abbatem de Theokesbyri cum 12. monachis 
Bristolliae. 

Hie Robertus construxit castrum de Bristolle, et dedit 
decimum quemque lapidem castri ad fabricam capellae 
S. Mariae juxta monaster. S. Jacobi Bristolliae. 

Robertus obiit prid. Cal. Novembr. sub a. D. 1140* a. 
Stephani 12. Sepultus in choro monasterii S. Jacobi Bris- 
tolliae. 

Gulielmus ejus filius successit. Duxit in uxorem Hawisiam fo. 84. 
filiam comitis Leircestriae, genuitque ex ea Robertum qui 
ante patrem obiit. 

Sepultus fuit Robertus in abbatia de Cainesham, quam 
Gulielmus ejus pater in filii sui Roberti memoriam erex- 
erat. 

[* Stow (fo. 43) corrects this date to 1146; Miss Norgate in Diet. 
Nat. Biog. says 1147.] 



154 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Clarus comes 
de Hertford. 



fo. 85. 



Gilbertus 
Clare comes 
Hertfordiae. 



Gulielmus etiam filias genuit, videlicet Mabiliam, quae 
nupsit comiti de Evereux in Normannia. 

Almaricus filius Mabiliae, qui comitatum Glocestriae post 
mortem Isabellae tempore regis Joannis paululum possidens 
sine liberis cito decessit. Alteram genuit filiam Gulielmus 
Amiciam nomine, quae nupsit domino Richardo Clare 
comiti de Hertforde. 

Tertiam quoque filiam nomine Isabellam genuit. 

Henricus 2. detinuit in manu sua honorem de Glocestre 
8. annis, et anno ultimo regni sui dedit Isabellam in uxorem 
Joanni filio suo cum integro honore de Glocester, quern 
tenuit regnante Richardo i. ejus fratre. 

Hie Joannes postea rex fecit pontem de Theokesbyri, 
qui vocatur pons longus, tempore comitatus sui, et dedit ad 
sustentationem dicti pontis totum teloneum mercati de 
Twekesbyri, quod usque hodie servatur. 

Joannes cum uno regnasset anno Isabellam, quia liberos 
non habuit, repudiavit, retinens in manu sua honorem de 
Glocester, castrum Bristolliae cum Burgo, et totam Hun- 
dredam de Bertona cum pertinentiis quae non devenerunt 
ad heredes usque in praesentem diem. 

Joannes rex maritavit Isabellam Galfrido de Mandeville 
comiti Essexiae cum comitatu Glocestriae. Galfredo Mande- 
ville mortuo Isabella tempore Joannis cum Ludovicus Gallus 
Angliam occuparet nupsit Huberto de Burgo summo Angl. 
Justiciario permissu regis, et paulo post obiit. 

Gulielmus comes Glocestr. obiit a. D. 1173. Sepultus 
fuit in monasterio de Cainesham quod * in Roberti filii sui 
memoriam [fundavit]. 

Hie Robertus Gulielmi filius natus fuit apud Cairdif, et 
ibidem obiit a. D. 1166. 

Duab. filiabus Gulielmi comitis sine liberis morientibus 
devoluta est hereditas ad Amiciam uxorem Richardi de 
Clare. 

Richardus de Clare obiit a. D 1 . 1211. et sepultus est apud 
Clare. 

Successit Richardo Gilbertus ejus ex Amicia filius. 

Hie Gilbertus primus Glocestriae et Hertfordiae comes 
conjunctim et divisim, qui accepta conjuge Isabella, filia 

[* Leland wrote quam.] 



APPENDIX I 155 

Gulielmi Marescalli senioris, comitis de Penbroke, genuit 
ex ea filiam nomine matris Amiciam a. D. 1220. 

Gilbertus genuit ex Amicia uxore Richardum secundum 
heredem suum a. D 1 . 1221. 

Gilbertus postea genuit alics filios, Gulielmum et Gil- 
bertum. 

Gilbertus postremo genuit 2. filias, Agnetem et Isabellam. 

Gilbertus primus legavit monaster. boscum de Mitha cum 
corpore suo ad sepeliendum in medio presbyterii. Mutha 
dicitur in donationibus. Distat a Theoci curia ultra pontem 
1000. passibus in montis ... ad Sabrinae ripam. 

An . D. 1230. Gilbertus primus obiit in Britannia Minori. 

Successit ei 2. Richardus ejus films et heres comes de Comes Hcrt- 
Glocester et Herteforde. f ord - 

Richardus 2. duxit in uxorem Matildem filiam comitis 
Lincolniensis, et genuit ex ea filium dictum Gilbertum 
secundum a. D. 1243. apud eccl. Christi in Hampton- 
shire. 

Hie Gilbertus 2. dictus est Comes Rubeus, quia rufus erat 
et pulcher aspectu. 

Genuit etiam Gilbertus 2. duos alios filios, Thomam et 
Benedictum, et 3. filias, Isabellam, Margaretam et Roys. 

Richardus de Clare secundus comes Glocestriae et Hert- 
fordiae tenuit natalem Dni. apud Theokesbyri, et habuit 
secum 60. milites servientes sibi. 

Richardus 2. obiit 14. die Jul. anno D 1 . 1262. tempore 
Henrici 3. regis ante Statutum apud Esmerfeld: et sepul- 
tus est in presbyterio Theokesbyriae ad dexteram patris 
sui. 

Uxor ejus ornavit tumulum auro, argento, et gemmis. fo. 86. 

Gilbertus 2. successit patri Richardo in honorem comit. 
Glocestr. et Hertfordiae, et ex sua conjuge Joanna de Acris 
regis Edwardi i. filia habuit filium unicum Gilbertum 3. et 
tres filias, Elenoram, Elisabeth, et Isabellam. 

Gilbertus 2. obiit in castello de Monemuthe 7. Id. De- 
cembr. an . D. 1295. Sepultus est Theokesbyriae in sinistra 
Gilberti primi. 

Successit Gilbertus 3. qui de uxore sua Matilde, filia 
Joannis de Brough comitis Ultoniae, genuit Joannem matura 
ante patrem morte praeventum. 

Joannes sepultus est Theokesbiriae in capella S. Mariae. 



156 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gilbertus 3. a Scottis apud Strivelyn occisus est die 
S. Joannis Baptistae an . Edwardi 2. regis [8],* a. aetatis 
23. 8. Cal. Jul. a. D 1 . 1314. Sepultus est in Tewkesbyri ad 
laevam patris sui. 

Matildis uxor Gilberti 3. obiit a. D. 1315. 

Mortuo Gilberto comitatus Glocestriae et Herefordiae 
dispersi sunt, videlicet in 3. filias Gilberti secundi, sorores 
videlicet Gilberti 3. 

Post mortem Gilberti 3. successit in 3. parte, et prima 
comit. Glocestr. Elenora prima soror Gilberti 3. 

Patronatus monaster. de Twekesbyri pervenit ad hanc 
Elenoram. 

Haec Elenora nupta fuit Hugoni le Dispenser, filio 
Hugonis Spenser comitis Wintoniae, et genuit ex ea Hugo- 
nem 3. et Eduardum. 

Hugo primus punitus in castello de Bristolle 6. Cal. 
Novembr. an . 1326. Eodem anno in vigilia S. Andreae 
apostoli Hugo 2. camerarius Eduardi 2. regis sine judicio 
et responsione suspensus est et in partes divisus, et in ecclesia 
de Theokesbyri diu postea sepultus. 

Obiit Elenora uxor Hugonis 2 1 . 2. Cal. Jul. An D. 1337. 
Erat mater Hugonis 3. Edwardi i 1 . et Gilberti ex Hugone 2. 
Et post obitum Hugonis 2*. nupsit Dno Gulielmo de la 
Zouche a. D. 1335. i a . Martii. 

Gul. de la Zouche maritus Elenorae sepultus apud 
Theokesbyri in capella S. Mariae. 

Elisabeth de Clare 2. filia Gilberti 2. et soror Alenorae 
habuit 3. viros, Joannem de Burgo comitem de Holuestre, 
de quibus Gulielmus genitus comes de Holuester. A quo 
fo. 87. Gulielmo Elizabeth de Burgo heres ejus, quam Leonellus 
films 2. Edwardi 3. regis duxit in uxorem. A quibus Leon- 
ello et Elisabeth filia processit nomine Philippa heres 
unica. 

Philippa nupsit Edmundo comiti Marchiae, de qua genuit 
Rogerum et Edmundum. 

Rogerus genuit Edmundum ultimum comitem Marchiae, 
et Rogerum, et Annam. 

Anna nupsit Dn. Richardo comiti de Cambridge, cujus 
pater erat Dns Edmundus de Langeley dux Ebor. et regis 

[* Hearne gives the year in a note. No blank in Leland or Stow.] 



APPENDIX I 157 

Edwardi 3. tertiogenitus. Richardus ex Anna genuit Rich- 
ardum, qui Ceciliam filiam comitis de Westemorelande 
[? nupsit] de qua genuit . . .* 

Dna. Isabella filia Gilbert! 2. copulata fuit Dno. Hugoni 
de Audele. 

Hugo Le Dispenser 3". et 2 1 . filius obiit sine herede ex 
uxore Elisabeth, filia comitis Sarum, sexto Id. Febr. a. D. 
1348. Sepultus est apud Theokesbyry juxta summum altare 
in dextera parte. Hie appropriavit ecclesiam de Lantris- 
sancte monaster. Theokesbyryensi. Iste fregit Scheltram in 
mare in bello de Scluse a. D. 1359. 

Elisabeth Le Dispenser uxor Hugonis 3. obiit apud 
Asscheley in comitatu Hamptoniae. 

Haec Elizabeth filia erat Gulielmi de Monte Acuto comite 
Sarum, ac uxor Guidonis de Brien militis, et relicta Hugonis 
Le Dispenser. Sepulta est juxta Hugonem maritum apud 
Theokesbyry. Edwardus Le Dispenser frater Hugonis 3. 
genuit ex Anna filia D 1 . de Ferrares Edwardum 2. Thomam, 
Henricum, et Gilbertum secundum, et fortuna belli ante 
fratrem decessit. Iste erat comes insulae de Wighte, et 
postea factus comes Devoniae. Edwardus vero 2. filius istius 
Edwardi successit Hugoni 3. Duxit in uxorem Elisabetham 
filiam Dni Bartolemei de Burwasche, et genuit ex ea 
Eduardum 3. qui obiit duodennis apud Cairdif, sed Theokes- 
biriae sepelitur in capella S. Mariae; et Hugonem 4. qui 
post natalem diem cito obiit, et cum Edwardo 3. sepultus 
est. Deinde genuit 4. filias, Ceciliam, quae juvencula ad- 
modum obiit, et sepulta est cum fratribus suis. Deinde 
Elisabeth, quae postea Dna de la Zouche, et relicta Joannis 
Arundelle: et Annam, quae fuit desponsata Hugoni Hast- 
inges, et postea Thomae Moreley: et Margaretam, quae 
habuit Robertum Ferreres. 

Praedictus Edwardus in ultima aetate sua genuit Thomam 
Dispensar, postea comitem Glocestriae. 

Hie Thomas successit patri in hereditate, et Constantiam, fo. 88. 
filiam Edmundi de Langeley filii Eduardi 3. in uxorem 
accepit, ex qua genuit Richardum, Elisabeth, et Isa- 
bellam. 

Obiit Margareta uxor D 1 . de Ferrares a. D. 1415. Sepulta 

[* No blanks in MS., though here Dugdale has one.] 



i 5 8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

est apud Merivale. Haec fuit mater Dni Thomae, Edmundi, 
et Edwardi de Ferrares. 

Praedictus Edwardus 2". obiit in Cambria apud castrum 
de Lanblethiam die S. Martini episcopi a. D. 1375. 

Sepultus est Edwardus 2 s . apud Theokesbyry ante ostium 
vestiarii juxta presbyterium. 

Uxor Edwardi 2. aedificavit pro tumulo viri sui capellam 
S. Trinitatis apud Theokesbyry. Dedit hie calicem aureum 
monaster. de Theokesbyri. Permansit viduitate Elisabeth 
filia Dm Burwasche 33. annis. Obiit a. D. 1409. Sepulta 
est infra chorum de Theokesbyri. 

Thomas films Eduardi Le Dispensar secundi et heres 
interfectus Bristolliae (capite punitus)* a populari vulgo feria 
3. post festum S. Hilarii a. D. 1399.! Sepultus est Theo- 
kesbyri. Obiit decem annis ante matrem suam. 

A. D. 1414. obiit D 8 . Richardus Le Dispensar 3. films 
et heres ejus anno aetatis 18. apud Merton cum adhuc esset 
in custodia regia. Sepultus est apud Theokesbyri in sinistra 
patris sui. 

Ista nupta Elisabeth fuit i a filia Radulphi comitis de 
Westmoreland, sed eo moriente sine liberis nupsit Henrico 
Percy comiti de Northumbreland. 

Et Dna Elisabeth prima filia D\ Thomae et Constantiae 
uxoris suae et soror dicti Richardi obiit in juvenili aetate 
apud Cairdif, ubi sepulta est in ecclesia S. Mariae. 

Septimo mense a morte Thomae Le Dispensar Dna Con- 
stantia uxor ejus peperit ei Isabellam apud Cairdif a. gratiae 
1400. 

Constantia postea nupsit Thomae comiti de Arundale, cui 
peperit Annam filiam, quae postea per Isabellam sororem 
suam comitissam de Warwike nupsit Hugoni de Audeley, ex 
quo Jacobum de Audeley peperit. 

Post obitum Dm Richardi Le Dispensar Isabella soror 
ejus suscepit dominium de Dispenseris. Quam desponsavit 
Dns Richardus de Bello Campo, filius et heres D ni Gulielmi 
Beauchamp et dns de Abergeveney die 7. Dormientium 
An . D. 1411. 

[* The words in ( ) are interlined by Leland ; they are not in Dug- 
dale, whose version runs: " nequiter fuit occisus apud Bristoliam."] 
[t Leland wrote 1369 in error.] 



APPENDIX I 159 

Obiit Constantia mater Isabellae a. D. 1417. et sepulta 
est apud Redinges.* 

An . D. 1420. Dum rex Henricus quintus infestat Francos fo. 90. 
Richardus 4. de Bello Campo factus est comes Wigorniaef 
Londini. Et Isabella uxor ejus peperit Elisabeth filiam apud 
Hanley 16. Septembr. a. D. 1415. 

Haec Elizabeth nupsit Edwardo Nevil juniori filio Ra- 
dulphi comitis de Westmorelande. De qua natus est Georgius 
heres eorundem. 

Richardus 4. de Bello Campo percussus in latere lapide 
balistae apud Mewsenbry in Gallia non longo post super 
vixit, tempore 25 die Aprilis; apud Theokesbyri sepultus 
est ad finem chori inter chorum et capellam Roberti filii 
Haymonis. 

Mortuo Richardo 4. comite Wigorniae Richardus Beau- 
champ 5 8 . comes Warwichiae et filius patrui Richardi 4. 
comitis dispensationis episcopi Ro. titulo Isabellam supra- 
dictam desponsavit comitissam Wigorniae. Isabella peperit 
Richardo quinto Henricum heredem in castro de Hanley. 

Quinto die post natus fuit Henricus Beaufort postea Car- 
dinalis. 

Joannes Beauchamp baro de Powike. 

Iste nobilis Henricus dns Le Dispensar 10. anno aetatis 
suae accepit in uxorem Ceciliam filiam Dm Richardi Neville 
comitis Sarum a. D 1 . 1434. 

Post annum et 6. menses quam Henricus natus est nata 
est Richardo 5. comiti de Warwik de uxore sua Isabella filia 
nomine Anna, quam $ eodem anno quo Henricus ejus frater 
duxit filiam comitis Sarum. Richardus dicti comitis Sarum 
filius conduxit earn in uxorem. 

Henricus Richardi 5'. filius ex hac Anna Annam genuit, 
quae nata est apud Cairdif mense Febr. a. D. 1443. 

Richardus quintus comes Warwike habens regimen Fran- 
ciae et Normanniae, sub Dno Henrico 6. rege obiit Roto- 
magi An . D. 1439. et sepultus est apud Warwike eodem 
anno. 

[* The leaves of the MS. here pass from 88 to 90, which appears to 
be an early error, not loss of a leaf, judging by the dates. Stow, too, 
continues straight on.] 

[t Leland wrote Wirgorniae.} 

[ Leland </uae.] 



160 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Isabella uxor Richard! 5. patrona de Theokesbyri rediit 
de Francia, et aliquamdiu se in monaster. Canonicorum de 
Southewike refocillavit. Haec Isabella sepulta est in Theo- 
kesbyry eodem a. quo obiit Richardus 5. comes de Warwike 
ejus maritus. 

fo. 91. Henricus comes de Warwike ab Henrico 6. cui charissi- 
mus erat, coronatus in regem de Wigthe, et postea nominatus 
primus comes totius Angliae. 

Henricus 6. rex Angl. post 2. annos dedit ei titulum ducis 
Warwicensis. 

Dedit etiam ei castrum Bristolliae cum omnibus annexis, 
quod olim rex Joannes detinuit sibi. 

Dedit etiam ei insulas de Garnesey et Gersey.* 

Dedit etiam licentiam Henrico duci ut prioratum S. Mariae 
Magdalenae de Goldeclive approprieret monasterio de 
Theokesbyri. 

Dns Humfridus dux Bukkingamiae. 

Richardus dux Northfolciae dns de Chepstow, hoc est 
Striguliae. 

Obiit Dns Henricus Warwik primus comes Angliae, Dns 
Le Dispenser, et de Abergevenny, rex de insulis Wicthe, 
Gardesey et Jardesey, Dns quoque castri Bristolliae cum 
suis annexis iii. Id. Jun. a. D. 1446. aetatis suae 22. apud 
castrum de Hanleia. Sepultus est Theokesbiriae in 
choro. 

Elizabeth filia D 1 . Richardi 4. comitis Wigorniae et Isa- 
bellae, et soror Henrici ducis Warwicensis, obiit 14. Jul. 
a. D. 1418. a. aetatis suae 32. et apud ecclesiam Fratrum 
Carmelitarum Conventriae sepulta. 

Anna unica filia Henrici ducis Warwik data custodiae 
Margaretae reginae, et postea custodiae Gulielmi Poole 
ducis Suthfolc. in cujus custodia obiit a. D. 1449. an , 
aetatis suae 6. apud manerium de Herpendene. Sepulta est 
in monaster. de Redinge. 

Mortua Anna filia Henrici ducis patronatus monasterii 
de Theokesbiry devenit ad Richardum Neville 6. filium 
Richardi Neville comitis Sarum, qui duxit Annam filiam 
dicti Richardi Beauchamp 5*. comitis Warwike et Isabellae 

[* Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i, p. 248, cites the Patent, 24 Hen. VI, 
t. i, m. 20, making this grant of the Channel Islands and other privileges.] 



APPENDIX I 161 

uxoris suae et comitissae, et soror* Henrici duels War- 
wik. 

Henricus sextus rex dedit Richardo Neville comitatum 
Warwik et dominium de Le Dispenser atque de Abergevenny 
sub sigillo mag. chartae suae. 

An . D. 1450. Cecilia ducissa de Warwik obiit 5. Cal. 
Aug. Sepulta est Theokesbyriae. Haec mortuo Henrico 
duce nupsit comiti Wigorn, Dno de Tipetote. 

Richardus Neville 6". films comitis Sarum genuit ex Anna fo. 92. 
uxore sua, filia comitis Warwike et Isabellae uxoris suae, 
2**. filias Isabellam et Annam. 

Isabella nupsit Georgio duci Clarensi et filio Richardi 
ducis Eboracensis, et fratri Edwardi 4. regis Angl., de qua 
genuit Margaretam apud castrum de Ferley 14. die Aug. 
anno D. 1473. 

An . D. 1475. natus est Dns Eduardus primogenitus ducis 
Clarentiae de praedicta Dna Isabella patrona de Theokesbiry, 
apud castrum de Warwik 25. die Febr. 

Hie Eduardus per Eduardum 4. regem ordinatus est comes 
Warwik. 

An . D. 1476. natus est Georgio films Richardus ex Isa- 
bella in monaster. de Theokesbyri. 

An . D. 1476. obiit Isabella ducissa Clarentiae patrona de 
Tewkesbyri. Obiit in castro de Warwik 22. die. Decembr. 
Sepulta est apud Theokesbyri. 

Richardus filius Georgii ducis Clarentiae ex Isabella obiit 
in juvenili aetate in castro de Warwik eodem anno quo 
mater ejus. (Veneno, ut fertur, sublatus.) 

Anna 2. filia Richardi Neville et Annae uxoris suae nupsit 
dno Edwardo principi filio Henrici 6. regis. Et post ejus 
obitum nupsit Richardo duci Glocestriae, filio Richardi 
ducis Eboracensis, et fratri Edwardi 4. regis, de qua genuit 
filium nomine [Georgius] f apud castrum de Midlam a. D. 
1476.: 



[* Legend, sororem, ut patet ex Dugdalii Tomo I. de Baronibus 
Angliae, p. 226, 248. Sed sororis in Monasticon Angl. [ed. 1819], 
Tom. II. 64. Hearne.] 

[t Stow.] 

ft Here ends the abstract of the Chronicle of Tewkesbury, printed 
by Dugdale. See before, p. 150.] 
IV. M 



162 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

An . D 1 . 1470. bellum fuit apud Barnet in die Paschae 
mane, ubi Dns de Boucher occisus ex parte Edwardi. 

Ex altera parte Richard Neville comes Warwik et frater 
ejus Joannes Neville interfecti sunt. 

Eodem anno 3. No. Maii Edwardus Princeps Henrici 6. 
films venit cum exercitu ad Theokesbyri, et intravit campum 
nomine Gastum.* 

Princeps Edwardus ibi occisus, et Joannes Somerset 
frater f ducis de Somerset, Courteney comes Devoniae, et 
Dn3 Wennelok. 

Fugientes occisi in ecclesia de Theokesbyri. 

Capti dux de Somerset et prior S. Joannis Londini, 
fo. 93. Thomas Tressam miles, Joannes Delves films Joannis Delves 
senioris (qui in campo occisus fuit ;) Jacobus Audeley frater 
Dm de Audeley. 

Nomina occisorum in bello Gastiensi prope Theokesbyri. 

Edwardus princeps sepultus in monasterio de Theo- 
kesbiri. 

Dns Edmundus dux Somerset captus et decollatus ac 
ibidem sepultus. 

Dns Joannes de Somerset, frater Edmundi ducis, ibid, 
sepul. 

Thomas Courteney comes Devoniae ibidem sepultus. 

Dns de Wenlok, cujus corpus alio ad sepulturam transla- 
tum est. 

Humfredus Handeley decapitatus cum Thoma Courteney, 
et una cum eo sepultus. 

Edmundus Hauarde miles. 

Gulielmus Wichingham miles. 

Joannes Delves senior occisus campo et Joannes Delves 
ejus films decapitatus ibidem, una sepulti, alio postea 
translati. 

Joannes Leukenor miles occisus campo et prope Delvios 
sepultus. 

Gul. Vaulz miles campo occisus et ibidem sepultus. 

Gervasius Clifton captus et decollatus ac ibidem sepultus. 

[* Cast or Glaston meadow. Gough's "Additions to Camden's 
' Britannia,'" i, 269.] 
[t MS. 



APPENDIX I 163 

Gul. Car et Henricus Ros milites capti et decapitati. 
Sepulti in coemiterio de Theokesbyri. 

Thomas Tressam miles captus et decapitatus ac ibidem 
sepultus. 

Gul. Lirmouthe, Joannes Urman, Thomas Semar, Gul. 
Rowys milites campo occisi et ibidem sepulti in coemiterio. 

Gul. Newborow miles captus et decollatus, ac ibidem 
sepultus. 

Henricus Wateley armiger occisus et ibidem sepultus. 

Henricus Barow armiger occisus et ibidem sepultus. 

Felding armiger occisus et ibidem sepultus. 

Joannes Gower ensiger principis Eduardi, Joannes Flore 
signifer ducis Somerset, Henricus Tresham, Gualterus 
Courteney, Robertus Acton capti et decollati. 

Prior S. Joannis Londini captus et decollatus, cujus corpus Co. 94. 
Londinum ad suos delatum est. 

Donati vita ab Eduardo rege. 

Margareta regina. 

Anna uxor Eduardi principis occisi. 
[Fortescue] * primus Justitiarius Angliae. 
Doctor Makerel, Joannes Throghmerton, Baynton, 
Wrougton. 

Hugo Courteney captus et postea decollatus. 

[* Stow. The MS. has " Fosterus," but Burton wrote Fortescue in 
the margin.] 



APPENDIX II 

HEREFORDSHIRE AND WALES* 

Pag. i49.t Heneforthshyre.J 

In lenght abowt a xxiiii. myles. 

Hereford- Hpo know by what notable places the lenght of Hereford- 
J- shire ys extendyd. From Clifford, the which stondeth 
harde on the border, but not yn the shire to a village cawlled 
Lee, wherof the one dim. ys yn Herfodshyre, the other yn 
Glocestreshyre. Lee ys withyn iii. myles of Rosse, a market 
town. Winfordtown a village a myle a this side Clyfford 
semeth to be the uttermoste part. 

In bredth abowte a xxiii. myles or sumwhat les. 

The bredth of the shyre, and by what notable places yt is 
limited. Fro Ludlo Brige hard by Ludlo to Doure a monas- 
tery of White Munkes.|| 

What notable ryvers be yn the shyre, what theyr names 
be, where they ryse, and by what notable places they make 
theyr curse. 

Wy. 

[* The first few pages of this Appendix on Herefordshire and some 
Welsh castles are found in Collectanea, vol. iii (Top. Gen., c. 3), pp. 
149-152 (printed by Hearne in the Appendix to his vol. vii of the 
Itinerary, following the pages on Kent (see before, pp. 47-71). To these I 
add some further notes relating to Wales taken from a copy by Stow of 
a lost volume of Leland (printed by Hearne vol. viii Part II), see pp. 168, 
182. The notes as far as p. 167 are partially used in the narrative on 
Herefordshire. See Leland in Wales (i.e., vol. iii) pp. 49, 103. The 
last pages, relating to Yorkshire, conclude Hearne's Appendix to his 
vol. vii from Collectanea, vol. iii.] 

[+ Pages 146, 147, 148 are blank.] 

[t Heneford, Heneforth, Welsh for Hereford, vol. ii, p. 65 ; iii, p. 
109. 

[ Rithhclik is written above, correcting Clifford.] 

[II Abbey Dore. Blanks are left between many of these notes.] 
164 



APPENDIX II 165 

Kenbrooke rising in Wales goith into Lug at Leon- Hereford- 
minstre. shire. 

Lugge. 

Lug cummeth into Wy a iii. myles fro Herford estward at 
Mortheforth* a village. So that Wy is past Heneforth or he 
receyve Lug. 

Pinfulley risith at Kingeslande abowt a ii. miles from Leon- 
minstre, and goith at Leonminstre into Lug. 

Arow goith ynto Lugge almost a myle after Lug is past 
Leonmynstre at a place cawled Warton a village. 

Frumeye, or Fromey, cummeth into Lugge at Yarkil. 
Yarkil is a iii. myle fro Heneforth. 

What castels stond at this tyme yn the shyre. 

Aske for M. Blakston of Pekwaters yn.* 

Wher the mines of the old castels that hath bene yn the Pag. 150. 
shyre do apere. 

The castels on Wy. Yn the Marches. 

The castel of Beelthf longing to the King on the sowth 
side of Wy stondeth on the March, and ther ys a market 
town. 

The castel of Colewyn on the north side of Wy. 

The castel of Bredwo, b and ther is a village, on the 
north side. 

The castel of Payne longging to the King, sumtime the 
Duke's of Bokingham, and ther is a village, on the north 
side. 

. The castel of Boghorwide c on the north side, and ther 
ys a village. 

The castel of Glasebury on the north side, and ther a 
village. 

The castel of Clereho d on the north, and ther a village. 

On the sowth syde of Wy, yn the Marches. 
Beelth Castel. 

Mordiford. b Aberedw. Boughrood. d Clyro. 

J* Peckwater's Inn, afterwards part of Christ's College, Oxford. See 
ii< P- 155-1 
[t Builth. Ldaml first wrote Byclth> but corrects as above.] 



166 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Brynthis. The castel of Bruintheys with a villag.* 

Hereford- The castel of Dinas, the Kingges, on a very hye hil, with 

shire. a village. 

The castel of Hay. 

The castel of Clifford. 

Withyn the shyre on the north side of Wy. 

Herford withyn the cyte. 

The castel of Byknor, a with a village. 

How many market townes be yn the shyre. Leonmynstref 
a market town abowt viii. mylesfro Herforde northward. Ther 
is an abbay of Blake Monkes now longging almost as a selle 
to Reding. The abbay yoinith almost to the paroche chyiche. 

Pembrige x. myles fro Herford by north north west. The 
ryver of Arow runneth by the north side of the town. 

Webley a market towne vii. myles fro Herford. Ther is a 
fayr castel of my Lord Ferrars. Yt stondeth by west of Her- 
ford, and iiii. myles sowthest fro Pembrige. 

Ross a market towne a iii. myles fro the Lee. Wye is on 
the sowth side of the town. Ther hath been a palace of the 
Bisshop of Herford. 

Ther is a riveret towarde Lee market side caullid Stroode. 

At Hay owt of Herfordshire beside the castel, as they say, 
apere the ruines of a wal of a town. Ther is much antique 
mony fownd, and pottes with other notable thingges. 
Pag. 151. Wher apere any tokins of great old townes now clene 
desolated. 

Castels withyn the shire on the sowth side of Wy. 

Leonhauls b a castel of my Lord Ferrars, iii. myles fro Weble. 

Webley castel longging to the Lord Ferrars. 

The castel of Bredwardine. 

The castel of Dorston. 

The castel of Snottehill. 

The castel of Mapelart,J alias Ewisharneis. 

a Welsh Bicknor. b Lyonshall. c Snodhill. 

[* Brwynllys. Leland first wrote Brynllis and Bruinleys.] 

[t Burton (a) copies the lines "Leonmynstre notable thingges " at 

the topoffo. 165.] 

[% Maberalt was first written. This castle, said to have been built by 

King Harold, is called Mapherald in Part XI, fo. 84.] 



APPENDIX II 



167 



The castel of Wylton. 

The castel of Goderich. 

The castel of Landamas. 

The castel of Gresemont. 

The castel of Guyn, a great thing. 

The castel of Longton of Ewys. 

Upward on the Marches. 

LLansantrid 

The castel of Scannrayth a toward Breknauc in Melennith. 
The castel of Dowr. 
The castel of Monemuth. 

In the shyre. 

Maperalt, alias Maperart, is a vi. miles from Abergevenni, 
parteli, as I here say, longging to the King, parteli to the 
Lord of Abregeveny. 

What abbays be yn the shyre. 

Kery and Kidowen townes by Montgomerik. 

The Walche Poole a preati town having a castel, now set 
as part of the new shire of Montgomerike. 

Yn what places of the shyre any mony of brasse or sylver Pag. 152. 
of the Romayne coyne hath be fownd yn pottes by plowg- Hereford- 
yng, diggyng, or otherwyse. shire. 

At Kenchester iii. myles fro Heneforth westward a myle 
fro the bank of Wye was a palays of Offas, as sum say. The 
mines yet remayne, and the vaultes also. Here hath bene 
and is fownd a fossoribus et aratoribus Romayn mony, tessel- 
lata pavimenta, a litle crosse of gold to were abowte ons 
nekke, and ther they cawle them Dwery, or Dwerfich, half- 
pens or mony. Sir John Lyngain was owner of the ground, 
after now his heyre. 

At Sutton a palayce of King Offas was King Ethelbright 
sleyn. Sutton is iii. myles fro Heneforth northward apon 
Lugge. Yt is now cawled Suttun Walles, and now no thing 
but ruines. 

* Llansantfraecl. 



Montgomery- 
shire. 



[* Herefordshire. As to the "new Acts" affecting Welsh counties, see 
Leland in Wales, Preface, p. vii.] 



1 68 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

What forestes be yn the shyre.* 

Abbas Cairmardin. 

Laurod abbas Pennalun. 

Cuhelin abbas LLan isan. 

Abbas LLan Sanfrigt. 

Arturius Petri filius sed recentior veteri Arturio. 

Saturnlius episcopus Menevensis. 

LLanhuateni castel^ vulgo LLanhaden. 

Agri omnis Huateni. 

Pagus de Cadweli, Kidweli forsan. 

Castellum de Madua in eodem pago. 

Vendraith) id est> album littus. 

In Synodo breui. 

Coit Maur a castel, nunc Coitmore by Tyue, by twixt Gil- 
karran b and Cairdigan. Nunc vestigia tantum extant. 

It is yet in the name of a barony to one Mortymer of 
Cardiganshire. 

Bridge North yn Shropshyre is a walled towne. Aske.t 

to - I01 b - Ex chronico incerti autoris. J 

Post Kereticum Cadwanus rex Venettorum sublimatus 
in regem Angliae. Bellum Cairlegion in quo Silla filius 
Kenan cecidit. 
fo. 102 a. Cadwallo filius Cadwani patri in regno successit. 

Depulsus Cadwallo ab Edwino Armoricam petiit, et re- 
versus Edwinum interfecit et regnavit. 

Cadwalarus filius Cadwallonis regnat in Britan. 
Coenobium S. Davidis incensum. 
Ivor Cadwaladri filius successit. Obiit Cadwalladrus anno 
Dom. 689. 

a Coetmor. b Kilgerran. 

[* A small blank follows this line ; but the space was filled in with 
other information, as is seen.] 

[t Four leaves (pages 153-160) filled with Latin extracts, chiefly 
relating to Beverley, follow this query.] 

[J The following extracts from a chronicle of Welsh history (see p. 
182), together with a short passage relating to Carmarthenshire and two 
or three Welsh castles, are taken from a volume of miscellaneous notes 
of which Leland's MS. is lost. They are preserved in Stow's copy 
(MS. Tanner 464, vol. ii, pp. ioi3-io7), and printed by Hearne, 
vol. viii, Part II, who frequently corrects Stow's careless Latin,] 

[ Senobium, Stow.] 



APPENDIX II 



169 



Beli * filius Elphini moritur. 

Bellum apud Heyl in Cornubia. 

Bellum Card Mailauc. 

Bellum Pentun. In his bellis regnante Ivor Britones 
vicerunt t Saxones. 

Beda moritur qui hunc librum annalium J composuit. 

Talagarn rex Pictorum occiditur a Britonibus. 

Tuder ap Hely moritur. 

Pascha mutatur apud Britones ab Elbodo homine Dei. 

Sermana filius Idwalli moritur. Vastatio Britonum dextra- 
lium ab Offa rege Saxonum. Vastatio Britonum ab Offa in 
aestate. 

Vastatio Rienneth ab Offa. 

Bellum Rudelan. 

Mareduc rex Demetarum obiit. 

Cradauc rex Venedotiae a Saxonibus jugulatur. 

Arthen rex Keredigiaun obiit. 

Reyn rex Demetarum, et Cadel rex Powisiae moriuntur. 

Elbodus episcopus Venedotiae obiit. 

Combustio Meneviae. 

Owein filius Mareduc obiit. 

Degannoe ictu fulminis comburitur.|| 

Bellum inter Howell et Kenan, sed vicit Kenan. 

Hoel iterum pugnavit cum Kenan, et expulit eum de 
Monia insula. 

Hoel de Monia iterum expulsus est a Kenan. 

Kenan moritur. 

Saxones vastant monies Eriri. 

Bellum LLannays. 

Saxones arcem ^[ de Gannoe vastaverunt. 

Howell moritur. 

Sadurnven episcopus Menevensis. 

Merhin moritur. 

Bellum Citil. 

Bellum Finant. 

Ithail rex moritur. 

Meuric a Saxonibus occiditur. 

Monia vastatur a gentilibus. 



[Died 832. ] 
fo. 102 b. 



[t Uiterunt, Stow.] 
[ Venedotia, Stow.] 



[H Artem, Stow.] 



Annati, Stow. ] 
[II Comburatur, Stow.] 



170 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Eugmius rex. Eygen rex Poiseae Romae obiit. 
Matusalem moritur. 
Urbs Eboraci vastatur. 

[* No vis, bish- Gogaun rex Keredigiaun mergitur.* 
op 841-873.] Novis* episcopus Menevensis moritur. 
t Sic. Bellum in Mone.f 

Rodricus et films ejus occiduntur. 
Bellum Conny, i.e. Dial Rodri. 
Howell Romae obiit. 
Hincid moritur. 

Anaraud cum Saxonibus vastavit Keredigiaun. 
$ Sic. Mervin rex films RodriciaJ gentilius occiditur. 

Bellum dy Nerth. 

Asserfit Asser fit episcopus Britann, 
episcopus. Cadel films Rodrici moritur. 
Othyr venit in Britan. 
Anaraud rex moritur. 
Cledaun filius Cadel occiditur. 
Bellum dinas Newith. 

Howell rex filius Cadell Romam perrexit et obiit. 
Grifin filius Owein occiditur. 
Hinerd filius Cledanc moritur. 
Adelstanus rex Sax. moritur. 
Cadel filius Artnail moritur. 

Sic. Idwal filius Rodrici et ejus jugulatur a Saxon: 
[Died 944.] Lunvert episcopus Menevensis moritur. 

Kengen filius || Elissed veneno extinguitur.|| 
Eneuris episcopus moritur. 
Morcleis episcopus moritur. 

fo. 103 a. Howell rex Britonum cog: bonus moritur cui successit 
ejus If filius Owein. 

Jago et Jenaf filii Idwalli, quos Howel bonus a regno ex- 
pulerat, pugnant cum Oweyn juxta Hautecarno et vincunt. 
Vastatio Dynet a filiis Idwalli. Rodricus filius Howell 
moritur. 

Bellum juxta Nant Conny inter filios ** Idwalli et Hoeli. 
Edwine filius Howel moritur. 
Anarud filius Guiridith occiditur. 



[* Mergiter, Houis, Stow.] 
[H Ejus Houis, Stow.] 



[|| Fillius, extiguitur, Stow.] 
[** Felios, Stow.] 



APPENDIX II 171 

Rodricus filius Idwalle moritur. 

Jenaf filius Idwalle a Jagone fratre incarceratur. 

Einiaun filius Owein vastavit Gowher. 

Jago expulsus a reg: suo, et Howel rex post eum. 

Einiaun iterum vastavit Goher. 

Menuc filius Idwalli occiditur. 

Vastatio Dynet et Meneviae a Godisric filio Haroldi. Justinianus. 

Einiaun pugnavit contra Sax: et Alfre eorum ducem, et 
contra Howell filium Jenaf, et multos ex eis interfecit. Sed 
Einiaun ab optimatibus de Guent dolo occiditur. Howel 
filius Jenaf occiditur.* 

Mariduc filius Owein interfecit Cadwalan filium Jonab, et 
ejus regnum possedit. 

Godisric filius Haroldi cum nigris f gentibus vastavit t Sic. 
Menaw. 

Owein filius Howel moritur. Gentiles vastaverunt Mene- 
viam, Lanpader et Landroch. 

Mareduc censum reddidit nigris J gentibus. $ Sic. 

Mareduc vastavit Maishineid. 

Owein vastavit Dynet et Cairdigan. 

Bellum inter filios Meuric et Marienc. Vicerunt filii 
Meuric. Teudur filius Eyniaun occiditur. 

Idwal filius Meuric occiditur. 

Mareduc filius Owein moritur. 

Menevia vastatur a gentilibus, et Morgenew episcop. occi- [Slain 998.] 
ditur. 

Kenan filius Howell occiditur. Menevia vastatur a Saxo- 
nibus, Edric et Ubric. 

Aidan filius Bledkenrid cum 4. filiis a Lewelno || occiditur. II Sic. 

Lewelin filius Sisille rex Venedotiae pugnavit contra Reyn, fo. 103 b. 
qui dicebat se esse filium Mariduc, et devictus est Reyn in Sisille rex. 
hostio^[ Guili. IT Sic. 

Eilaph venit in Brytanniam, et vastavit Denet ** et Mene- 
viam. Lewelin moritur. 

Roodrich reg. dextral : Britonum tenuit. 

Keinan filius Sisille occiditur. Sisille. 

[* Occiditer, Stow.] [ Occidetur, Stow.] 

[** Leland had corrected Dynet to Denet here and twice on the next 
page ; in other places it is left Dynet according to Stow's copy. Deneta 
is the spelling in the ancient list of commotes ; see Leland in Wales, 
pp. 4, 8.] 



i;2 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Rederch films Gestine occiditur. 

Jacob et filii Brwin, i.e. Howel et Mereduc, tenuerunt reg 

Mareduc filius Edwyn a filii * Kenan occiditur. 

Cradauch filius Redric ab Anglis occiditur. 

Sweyn rex Angliae moritur. 

Gentiles tenuerunt Meuric f filium Howel. 

Jacob rex Venedotiae occiditur, pro quo Grifin ap LLuelin 
reg: et Howelum filium Edwin expulit. 
[Died 1039.] Herbin episcopus Meneven: moritur. 

Bellum Pencader in quo victor fuit Grifin. 

Grifin captus fuit a gentilibus Dulyn. 

Howel filius Edwyni acceptis 20. navibus gentilium coron- 
atus est, et coepit desolare Cambriam, cui obviavit Grifith 
filius LLuelin, etcommisso bello in ostio Teyni cecidit Howell. 

Tota dextralis patria Cambr: metu gentilium. 

Grifin fil. Lewelni interfecit Grifith fil. Redric. 

Destructio Herford a Grifino. Filius Harold vastavit re- 
giones Angli: auxilio Grifin. 

Owein filius Grifithe moritur. 
Griphin filius Lewelini rex Britonum occiditur. 
[Died 1063.] Joseph episcopus Meneven: moritur. 

Bellum inter Bledyn et Rualam, filios Cinnin, et Mareduc 
et Idwal, filios Grifini. 

Rualan occiditur. Bledyn regnavit. 

Mareduc, filius Owein, a Cradac, filio Grifin, et a Francis 
occiditur super ripam Remey. 

Norntanni. Franci vastaverunt Cairdigan. Menevia et Bangor vastatae 
a gentilibus. Gentiles nunc pro Danis, nunc Hibernis ponit. 
[Died 1071.] Bledus episcopus Meneven: moritur. SuccessitSulgenius.J 
fo. 104 a. Franci iterum vastaverunt Cairdigan. 

Bledin filius Kennin dolo malignorum de Estratewy a Res 
filio Owein occiditur, cui successit Traharin, filius Craudauc 
ejus consobrinus, reg: Venodotiae tantum tenens. 

Res et Redric filii Craudauc dextralem Britann. termrnt. 

Redric filius Craudauc dolo occiditur a consobrino suo 
Meirchanri. 
II Sic. Bellum Pullgudic, in quo Traharn rex Venedot: victori || 

[* ?Filiis t Hearne.] 

[t Mauritius is written over Meuric in the MS.] 

[J Sulgentius, Stow.] 

[ ? Tenuerunt^ Hearne.] 



APPENDIX II 



173 



et tota familia Res cecidit. In fine hujus anni Res et Howel 
ejus frater a Craudauc, filio Grifini, occiduntur. 

Sulgenius episcopal : Meneven: reliquit et Abraham ac- 
cepit. Res filius Teuder incepit reg. 

Meneva a gentilibus vastata, et Abraham episcopus occisus. 

Sulgenius sedem Menevensem repetit. 

Bellum mentis Cam, in quo Traharn filius Craudauc, et 
Craudauc fil. Grifin, et Meilir fil: Rualan, et Res filius 
Teuder, et Grifin frater Einiaun, et Jacob occiduntur. 

Gul. rex Angliae Menevia * peregre venit. *sic. 

Res filius Teudir de reg. suo expellitur a filiis Bledith, i.e. 
Maduc, Cadugaun, et Ririd. 

Res Hibern: petiit, et cum classe rediit, et in bello de 
Penletheren filii Bledith ceciderunt. 

Scrinium S. David ablatum ea f Menevia spoliata. 

Obiit Sulgeng episcopus Meneven. 75. anno aetatis suae. [Sulgenius 

Res filius Teuder a Francis, qui in Brecheniauc habit- died 1088.] 
abant, occiditur. 

Tune Denet vastatur a Cadugana, filio Bledin. 

Franci invadunt Keredigaun et Denet, et castella in eis 
firmaverunt. 

Walli tempore Cal. Juni: J Francorum castella in Nor- 
Wallia diruunt, et in Cairdigan et Dynet exceptis Penbroc 
et Rydcors. Franci devastant Goher, Kidwelli, Estratewi; [Gower.] 
Kairdigan, Dynet et Estratewi departe veniam serunt.|| 

Gul. filius Baldwini, qui jussu regis Gul: castellum Ridcors [RhydyGors.] 
fundavit, moritur, et castellum deseritur. 

Brechnauc, Guent et Guenlinne jugum ^[ Franc, respuunt. fo. 104 b. 
Franci aedificant castella in Brekniauc. 

Provinc. Pembrok a Wallis vastata. 

Gerarodus dapifer de Pembroc fines Meneviae vastat. 

Walli defendunt ** Monam contra duos Hugones comites. 

Comites castra construunt in Mona. 

Mag: rex Norwegiae pugnat cum consulibus. 

[t ?/, Hearne.] 

[t Gul. Juni ', Stow. The Tywysogion puts these events "about the 
calends of July," 1091 ; the three districts were devastated in 1093. I n 
the same sentence, last line, departe is doubtful ; the word is depte with 
a very small upright stroke over the p.] 

[ Diruuit, exceptus, Stow.] [|| ? Petunt, Hearne.] 

1 Jungum, Stow.] [** Defundunt, Stow.] 



174 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Caducan fil: Bledin a Francis partem Walliae accipit. 
Lewelin filius Cadugaun ab hominibus de Brechauc occi- 
[Bp Rice- ditur. 

march died Grifin filius Kenan Moniam obsedit. Rikewarth filius 

1096 or 1099.] Suhen episcopus moritur. 

Hugo Crassus Hugo Crassus * urbis Legionum comes moritur,* cui 
' R g erus e j us fili us successit. 
Gronoe fil. Cadugaun obiit. 

Jornerth fil: Bledin cepit fratrem suum Mareduth, et in 
carcerem trusit, tempore Henrici i. 

Jornerth fil. Bledin captus est ab hominibus regis Angliae 
apud Slopesberiam,t decus et solamen Britanniae. 
Owein fil. Edwini obiit. 

Howell filius Gronoe a Richardo filio Bleduerin expulsus 
Ryedcors praedas agit. Howel fil. Gronoe dolose a Francis apud Ried- 
castel. cors> e t & Googaun filio Meric { occisus. 

Meuric et Grifin fill: Traharyn ab Oweno filio Cadugaun 
occisi. 

Mareduc filius Cartere evasit. Flandrenses ad Ros venerunt. 
Geraldus dapifer firmavit castellum de Kilgarran. 
Castellum Kenarth ab Owein filio Cadugaun destruitur. 
Quamobrem expulsus est ad Hibern: sed eodem anno obiit. 
Jornerth filius Bledin jussu regis Angliae de carcere libera- 
tus in patriam rediit. 

Oweyn filius Cadugaun, et Mereduc filius Ridir, combus- 
serunt Merionith. 

Owein fecit irruptiones de Cairdigan in Flandrenses. Qua- 
propter Cairdigan a missit, || et Gilberto filio Richardi tra- 
ditur. 

Owein et Madauc expulsi Hibern: petunt; sed Madauc 
rediit et latuit in silvis. 

fo. 105 a. Jornerth a Maudauc nepote suo interficitur, et ab eodem 
Maudauc Cadugaun suus avunculus interficitur. 

Owein rediit ab Hibern: et terram ^ suam a rege Angl. 
recepit. 

Madauc filius Ridir a familia Mariduc tenetur, et traditur 
Owein, a quo oculis privatus est. 



[* Lupus is written over Crassus ; Stow spells moriter.] 

"t Sic., probably for Shrobesberiam.] 

Maurici is written over Meric. [ Libertatus> Stow.] 

Perhaps amisit, Hearne.] [If Terrum, Stow.] 



I 



APPENDIX II 175 

Wilfridus episcopus Menevensis moritur. Successit Ber- [? 1 112-1 115.] 
nardus Normannus. 

Grifin filius Res fecit irruptiones in Flandrenses.* 

Grifin filius Res Arberth castellum invasit et destruxit, et 
villam de Cairmardin combussit, et Owein filius Cradauc ibi 
occiditur. 

Bellum geritur apud castell: Aberyscoite. 

Owein a Flandrensibus in Estrate Brunns occiditur. 

Einaun fil: Cadugaun, et Grifith filius Mariduc castellum 
Venderaith, quod est Kymener, fregerunt, et terram ejus t 
obtinuerunt. 

Gilbertus filius Richardi moritur. 

Bellum Mays Mayn Kembro, in quo Lynnarth filius Owein 
cecidit. Howell fil: ibi vulneratus postea obiit. 

Grifin filius Mariduc occidit Ithail fratrem Ridir consobri- 
num suum. 

Cadwalaun fil. interfecit 3. avunculos suos, filios Owein, 
Gronoe, Ridir et Mailer. 

Morgan fil: Caduguan occidit fratrem suum Mareduc. 

Grifith filius Res ab Henrico rege a terra sua expulsus. 

Morgan filius Cad. qui ob fratricidium Hierosoly: petiit, 
in silva Cipres moritur. 

Maraduc filius Linnarth a Jennab filio Owein occiditur. 

Jarnerth filius Lywarth a Lewelin filio Owein occiditur. 

Lewelin filius Owein a Mariduc filio Bledin oculis et testi- 
culis privatus. 

Jenudb frater Owein a consobrinis suis filiis Lennarth 
occiditur. 

Madauc frater Lennarch a Meuric filio Meuric consobrino 
suo interficitur. 

Meuric filius Meuric oculis J privatus. 

Jornerth filius Owein occiditur. 

Cadwalan filius Grifin & consobrino suo Cadugan fratre 
Gonoe occiditur. 

Grifith frater Res cum omnibus ducibus Canbr: || pugnavit [A.D. 1136.] 
contra Francos et Flandrenses apud Aberteyvi et vicit. Sinan [Aber Tewi.] 
fil: Owein ibi occiditur. Owein et Cadwalader fill: Grifin 

f* FlandrensiS) Stow.] [t Eit, Stow.] 

[$ Ou/us, Stow.] [ Ocddetur, Stow.] 

[|| ? Cambriat, Hearne.] 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Mors Milonis 
comitis Here- 
fordiae. 



|| Sic. 



fo. 105 b. combusserunt castellum Estrat Meuric; et postea adjunctis * 
Anaraud et Cadel et Grifin fratribus destruxerunt castell: de 
Cairmardin. Postea venerunt cum 15. navibus gentilibus 
plenis ad Aberteyui, et treugas fecerunt ad tempusculum. 

Gentiles spoliaverunt ecclesias de Landedoch et Seint 
Dogmaele. 

Kenricus filius Owein occiditur ab Howell fratre Mareduc. 
Mareduc filius Howell t a filiis Bledin fil: Guin. 
Howell frater Mariduc occisus % a Res filio Howell. 
Anauraud frater Griffin occisus a familiaribus Cadwaladar. 
Mylo Herford: comes ictu sagittae militis dum cervum 
peteret occisus. 

Owein et Cadwalader concordati. 

Prima fundatio monach: de Albalanda per Bernardum 
episcopum Menevensem, qui dedit eis locum apud Trefgarn 
in Denglethes. 

Owel || filius Owein et Kenan ejus 1 !]" 'frater destrux: 
Aberteyui. 

Meriduc filius Madauc fil: Iduerth ab Hugone occisus est. 
Meuric filius Madauc a suis occisus. Cadel frater Owein 
cum aliis invaserunt Carmardein et Lanstupha Castle. 

Hugo de mortuo mari oculos Resi fratris Howel eruit in 
[?i 147-1 149.] carcere. Bernardus episcopus Meneven: obiit 33. episcop: 

sui anno: cui David Giraldus ** filius successit. 
Yak Castell. Owein frater Grifith castellum in terra Yale construxit. 
Crois Oswald. Manadauc frater Mereduc Crois Oswald reaedificavit, et 
dedit Kenevelliauc nepotibus suis Owein et Meuric fill: 
Griffith. Airon flu: in Cardiganshire. 

Cadel, Res et Mereduk fill: Howelli, fil. Owein, Cuirdi- 
Estrate Mu- gan in abstuleruntjff et Eustrate Meuric aedificaverunt. 
rik. Cadell a sagittariis de Denbigh occisus. 

Maneduc filius Res, fil. Grifith, veneno extinctus. 
Aberedeui Res filius Griffith fossam apud Aberedeui fecit, et castel- 
Castel. lum ibi fundavit. 

[Aberdovey.] Rogerus comes de Clare castella sua per Cairdigan 
firmavit. 

[* Hearne thus reads the imperfect word in Stow.] 
f Occiditur seems wanting here, Hearne.] 
'% Occisa, Stow.] [ Primo, Stow.] 

; Eis, Stow.] [** ? Giraldi, Hearne.] 

[ft Abstuerunt, Stow.] 



APPENDIX II 



177 



Madauc filius Maruduc princeps Powise obiit. 

Res filius Grifin castella de Walwerins et Lanandeueri 
incepit. 

Henricus 2. venit Pencader. 

Cadugane fil. Mariolu occisus ab Waltero filio Richardi. 

Rex Angliae obsides Wallorum 22. oculis et testiculis 
privavit. 

Castle de Aberteyui per dolum h Reso filio Grifin captum, 
et ad solum destructum. 

Robertus fil. Stephen custos castri captus. 

Owein frater Grifith cum suis aedificaverunt castrum de 
Cairhonaun. In reditu castel: de Walwerin habuerunt. 

Res filius Grifin aedif: castell: de Abereynaun. 

Owain et Res castell: de Rudelan destruxerunt. 

Res fil: Grifin destruxit castell: de Buelih. 

Robertus filius Stephaun a carcere Wallorum liber: 
Hibern: petit, et Castle Carreg aedificavit. 

Resus frater Griffin reaedificavit Castell Aberteyui quod 
destruxerat.* 

Resus frater Grifin Castle de Kemerdin Assumpt. Mar. 
cepit. 

Resus frater Grifin castrum de Sweinsey 10. Sept. obsedit: 
sed obsidi t deseruit 

Hoe'lus filius J Resi castrum de Villa Viech dolo cepit, 
et Lanamdeueri destruxit. 

Rogerus de Mortun castrum Camaron firmavit. 

Gul. de Breosa castrum de S. Claro incepit, et 4 de famil. 
Howeli fil. Resi. 

Res frater Grifin combussit Cairmardin et Macsheneth. 

Petrus episcopus Meneven: novum opus ecclesiae S. 
Davidis incepit. 

Johannes rex 1000. navibus a Milford in Hibern. 
profectus. 

Inceptum fuit novum opus majoris ecclesiae S. Thomae 
Haverfordiae. 

Henricus Turbevil succurrit castro de Cairmardin, et fregit 
pontem de Cairmardin. 



Casttlls 
Waluuerins 
et Lanande- 
mri. 
fo. 1 06 a. 



Cair Honaun. 



Camaron 
castnim* 



[Maes 
Hyveidd.] 
[Peter, bishop 
1176-1198.] 



Fractus pons 
de Cairmardin 
glacie. 



[* Destruxtrct, Stow.] 
[J /V//tStow.] 
IV. 



[t ? Obsidionem, Hearne.] 
[ Novam, Stow, bis.} 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Carmarthen- 
shire. 



[See Leland in 
Wales, p. 59.] 



Bothe Vendraith Vaur and Vendraith Vehan ryse in a 
pece of Cairmardyn shire caullid Lowe isse Kenen, a that is to 
say the lowe quartar about Kennen ryver; and betwyxt the 
heddes of these 2. is only an hille, wherin be stones of a 
grenishe coloure that the people ther make lyme of. The 
name of the hill that Vendraith Vaur risethe in is cawlyd 
Mennith Vaur, b and there is a poole as in a moresch ground 
caullid LLintegowen, wher the principall springe is. This 
fo. 106 b. hill is an 8. or 9. myles from Kidwely. The hill that Ven- 
draithe Vehan springith owt of is cawled Mennith Vehan. 
This cummythe by Kidwelly towne. 

But a 3. or 4. miles or it cum thither it receyvythe a 
brooke into it caullyd Tresgirth. The course of this is litle 
above a myle from the place where it goithe into Vendraith. 
And yet it hathe 4. or 5. tukkynge mylls, and a 3. corne 
mills: and at the hedde of this brooke is an hole on the 
hill syde where men often entre and walke in spacious 
rome of a whit sandy smothe soyle undar the foote, and 
ther men fable that dyvers prints of wormes be sene in the 
sands, but that none of the vermyn is sene there. The tyme 
hathe bene that the inhabitaunts there hathe for feare 
hydden theyr goods; and as for the broke is one of the 
plentifullest and commodyows of Wales. 

All the sydes a longe of Vendraith Vaur be full of 
coles. 

The Castle of Lie Careig that hathe bene so famous stand- 
ing upon a hy rok stepid on every syde, from whens the 
great rise of Wales derivith, as from the Princis, his lyne, 
is apon the hill that standithe betwixt the 2. Vendraiths. It 
is now but ruine, and no very greate distaunce from it is 
Craig Dinas. a nothar stepe rok caullyd Craig Dinas, whereby in the 
bottom some say that ther hathe bene a towne. And that 
there hathe bene a bridge bitwyxt these 2. rokks. This 
brige for stepenes was nevar archid with stone. A lesse 
lykelyhode ther is that it was of tymbar, the distaunce of the 
2. rokks be suche. And there is also a hole by the heade 
of Wendraith Vehan, where men use to entre in, and there 
they say be spatius waulks, and that thens gouithe one 
way undar the ground to Worme hedde, and a nother to 



Lie Careig 
in Lattin 
Palatinas 
Cragus. 



a Is Kennen. 



b Mennydd Maur. 



APPENDIX II 



179 



Cair Kennen* Castle a 3. miles and more into the land. Ther 
is very good hawkynge for herons on Vendraith Vetian.* 

There is also a wonderfull hole at the poynt of Worme 
heade, but few dare enter into it, and men fable there that a 
dore withein the spatius hole hathe be sene withe great 
nayles on it : but that that is spoken of waters there ren- 
nynge undar the ground is more lykely. 

Kair Kennen Castell is so namid of the river that goith 
by it, and the hole course of this ryver b litle passithe 3. 
myles, and goithe into Tewe aboute Landilouaur c a 2. myles 
and more uppar in Tewe then Dinevor Castele. A lytle be- 
nethe the heade of Cair Kenen that stondithe in a syde of 
the rootes of Mennith de (blak) d is Cair Kenen Castell, some 
tyme of great name, the princis of Southe Walls beinge in 
prosperitie. And aftar longe tyme fawlynge still to ruyn was 
at the last spelunca latronum^ and therapon a 50. or 60. 
yeres syns almost totaly defacyd by men of Kydwely, find- 
ynge the contry vexid withe resorte of theves thethar. 

There is within halfe a myle of Drislan 6 Castel on Tewe' 
on a hyll betwixt the highe waye to Cairmarden and the 
rype of Tewe a mightye campe of men of warre with 4. or 
5. diches and an area in the midle. It is of some caullyd 
Rounghay, that is to say, the Round Hegge,* and of some 
caullid Arcair gather. 

The castle, as some say, of Joyius Card t in the forest of 
Come * betwyxt Llan Stupham and Taue muth. b 

The hed of Tewe f ryver cumynge to Cairmarden is in a 
forrest wodde caullyd Bysshopps Forest about a xxiiii. myles 
from Cairmarden, and the hed of this ryver is almoste in the 
midle waye betwixt LLandewystreme and LLancanery Castell. 

Ther be a great numbar of pitts made with hand large 
lyke a bowle at the heade, and narow in the botom, ovar 
growen in the swart with fine grase, and be scaterid here and 
there about the quartars where the heade of Kennen river is 



Carreg Kennan. 
d Mynyfc du. 



8 Coomb. 



b Kennen r. 
c Dryslwyn. 
h Mouth of Tavr. 



Llandilo Vaur. 
f Towy r. 
1 Towy r. 



[* Sic, read 
Vehan.] 

Glamorgan- 
shire. 



Carmarthen- 
shire, 
fo. 107 a. 
Cair Kennen 
Castell. 



Of the ruins 
of this castell 
1 here no 
thinge. 



[* I.f., the round hedge or enclosure.] 

[t Is this the Castle of Sir Launcelot in the Joyous Isle? Malory's 
King Arthur, ch. 20, 151, 158. Scott and Glennie place it at Berwick.] 



i8o 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



shire. 



Leland's 
Collectanea 
iii, page 161, 
Yorkshire. 



Carmarthen- that cummythe by Caire Kennen. And some of these will 
receyve a hunderith men, sum 2. hundrethe. They be in the 
blake mountayne. 

The brow selfe, or end of the Blak Mountayne, that 
crestithe so by a good peace of Walls, a cummith within a vi, 
myles of Cairmarden. 

There appere but small tokens of any great buyldings at 
the place in the haven of Cairmardine caullyd Grene Castell, b 
yet it hathe the name of a baronye.* 

Godmundham is a mile from Whighton by est. 

Harpham yn the Woolde not very far from Driffeld. 

Ecclesia S. Nicolai, in Beverlac: vulgo Holme chirch, ubi 
fossa pro naviculis: the Cut out of Hulle river to the bridge 
at Holme on the Cut about half a mile. 

South Burton, alias Bishopes Burton, 2 miles from Beverle 
in the way to York. 

Walkington a 2 miles by west from Beverle. 

Northburton half a mile south west from Lekingfeld. 

Scorburg a mile north est from Lekingfeld. 

Dalton a 4 miles north west from Beverle. The Provost 
hath a praty house there. 

Molescroft Crosse a limite of the sanctuarie hard by enter- 
ing Lekingfeld Park from Beverle. 

Ther was a nother toward North Burton a mile out of 
Beverle. 

Ther was a nother toward Kinwalgrenes a mile owt of 
Beverle. 

There was nother cross by south toward Humber. 

Al these were markes of sanctuarie, ech a mile out of 
Beverle. 

Sigelesthorn in Holdernes. 

Inscriptio. 

Haec sedes lapidea ab Anglis dicebatur Fridstol, id est> 
pacts cathedra ad quam reus fugiendo perveniens omnimodam 
pacts securitatem habebat.-\ 



a Wales. 



b Green castle. 



c Scorbrough ; Leconfield. 



[* The piece of Stow's copy ends here.] 

[t Between pp. 161-201 the leaves are filled with extracts from 



arthen 





a 

u 



W 



: 
C 




- 

: 



o 
L 



APPENDIX II 181 

By the shore. Pag. 204. 

From Grimesby to Marsche Chapelle, where is a dok or 
creke, aboute a 4. miles. Grimesby is countid a 30. miles 
from Boston. 

To Saltflete Haven a 6. miles. 

To Wilegripe. 

To Skegnesse sumtyme a great haven toune a 4. or 5. 
miles of. Mr. Paynelle sayid onto me that he could prove 
that there was ons an haven and a towne waullid having 
also a castelle. The old toune is clene consumid, and eten 
up with the se, part of a chirch of it stode a late. At low 
waters appere yet manifest tokens of old buildinges. For old 
Skegnes is now buildid a pore new thing. 

To Waynflete about a 5. miles. It hath beene a very 
godde toune, and yn it 2. paroche chirches. Shippeletes cam 
in hominum memoria up to the schole. The haven now de- 
cayith. Paynelle sayith that as [he]* rememberith there is 
a place caullid the Castell Hill at Wainflete. 

To Friskeney a 2. miles, wher sum say was ons a havenet, 
but I have not the certente of it. It is a mile and a half 
from the shore. 

To Wrangle a vi. miles from Wainflete. 

To Boston an vi. long miles. 

Freston is on the farther ripe of Boston 2. miles lower then 
it on the ripe. 

Alane de la corone Lord of Freston was caullid Alane 
Opendore, be cause he kept so great a house. 

Boston is countid a 24. miles from Lincoln. 

The Esterlinges kept a great house and course of mar- 
chaundice at Boston ontylle such tyme that one Humfrey 
Litlebyri, marchaunt of Boston, did kille one of the Ester- 
linges there about Edward the 4. dayes; wherapon rose 
much controversie : so that at the laste the Esterlinges left 

various books, among which Orosius in Old English was lent to Leland 
by Mr. Talbote (see before, p. 115). Page 203 is covered by the two 
sketch-maps in east Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, here reproduced in the 
first facsimile; engraved on p. 141 of Hearne's vol. vii of the Itinerary. 
Three places appear on these maps which I do not find on modern 
maps, viz., The Sinker, an artificial " lake," see before, p. iij, North- 
lode and Barlode lakes, all rather near together, placed north of Boston.] 
[* MS. omits he.] 



182 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

their course of marchaundise to Boston, and syns the towne 
sore decayed. 

One Mawde Tilney layid the first stone of the goodly 
steple of the paroche chirch of Boston, and lyith buried 
under. 

The Tylneys were taken for founders of 3. of the 4. 
howses of freres at Boston. 

The Lord Monteville had a goodly great and auncient 
manor place at Fischetoft a mile from Boston. It is now al 
yn ruine, and longid to the Lord Willougby, and now to the 
Duke of Southfolk. 

The Lord Monteville's landes cam partely by heyre 
general to the Bekes, and thens by heyre generale to the 
Willoughbys. 



NOTE TO PAGE 168 

These extracts and abstract notes from a Chronicle appear 
to have been made from the " Brut y Tywysogdion," or per- 
haps from a similar chronicle founded upon that, in which 
some items relating to the bishops of St. David's, from the 
Annales Menevensis, were incorporated. Leland omitted all 
dates save one, I have therefore added a few to serve as 
stepping-stones, chiefly taken from Sir T. Hardy's notes in 
Le Neve's Fasti, vol. i, pp. 288-290. 



I 











g 

*3 

*w 



:a 



!*> ^ 




i 

s^ ;<;. 

i 

^ 

:^^>- 



n^ 



v 






W 



u, 
c 

Ok 
< 

S 






APPENDIX III 

See the Second Facsimile 

IN the manuscript of Leland's " Collectanea," vol. iii, there 
is one page which concerns the Channel Islands, viz., 
page 1 1 6. The manuscript is of small folio size; on this page 
was drawn a rough map of the islands and parts of the 
neighbouring coasts of England and France; with the names 
of the islands, the distances between some of them, and one 
or two remarks, all in a cursive hand much differing from 
Leland's. The blank spaces between the isles were after- 
wards filled up by Leland himself with annotations in every 
direction, giving various bits of information for each locality; 
the map itself being thus much obscured. Hearne repro- 
duced the whole just as it stands, in an engraved plate of 
remarkable fidelity, which occurs in both editions ("Collec- 
tanea," 1715, 1774). I have thought it well to add this page 
to the " Itinerary," having already brought in from the same 
volume the analogous treatment save the map of Mona 
(Anglesea) to the volume on Wales (see Appendix B). 
There is here, as in that case, nothing to show that Leland 
himself went to the Channel Islands. It is more probable 
that he obtained much of his information about these islands 
from Thomas Sulmo (otherwise Soulemont), the French 
secretary to Henry VIII in 1532, and secretary to Cromwell 
in 1538, who, as he informs us in one of these notes, was 
born at a spot which his mark shows to be at, or near, 
St. Aubyns in Jersey. Thomas Sulmo, as Leland calls him, 
was much about the Court, as well as Clerk to the Parlia- 
ments (A. E. Pollard in Diet. Nat. Biog.), and was no doubt 
on friendly terms with Leland,* who refers to him in other 

[* In his " Encomia Illustrium virorum" ("Collectanea," ed. 1774, 
183 



1 84 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

places as authority for several statements on English families 
(see before pp. 88, in, 118, 119, 143 note). Sulmo died in 



Leland did not claim in his " New Year's Gift " to have 
seen the islands of Britain among the long enumeration of 
places he had visited, but he tells the King that he intended 
" to distribute ynto vj bokes such matter as I have all ready 
collected concerning the isles adjacent to your noble realm 
and under your subjection." Three of these " books " were to 
deal with the Isle of Wight, the Isle of Man, and Anglesea, 
the Channel Islands not being mentioned.* This work, 
however, does not appear to have been written, and I find 
no further reference to the Channel Islands in either the 
" Itinerary " or the " Collectanea," except the mention by 
the Tewkesbury chronicler of the grant of Guernsey and 
Jersey to the young Henry Earl of Warwick, among other 
favours by Henry VI. See before, p. 160. 

For greater ease in the study of this page I print the notes 
apart, connecting them by letters of reference added to the 
simple map, which represent in several instances marks of 
reference made by Leland. The words in italics were those 
first written by the unknown hand, the rest are Leland's 
notes. 

a. Ang. ditionis. Casquet. casus rupes. 

b. rupes et scopuli. 

c. Bureho alias Insula rastorum f vbi cuniculi multi. 

d. Alderney Anglicae ditionis. Circa septem milliaria 
habet in circuitu aut amplius; unam habet parochialem 

vol. v, p. 103), Leland addresses the following lines " Ad Thomam 
Sulmonem, Henrico Octavo, Angliae Regi, ab epistolis Gallicis. 

Tu mihi doctrinam tribuis laudemque diserti, 
Et celebras longo nomen honore meum. 

Non ego, mi Sulmo, tali me dignor honore, 
Laurea nominibus convenit ista tuis." 

I owe the indication of these to Colonel Mills, of Grouville, Jersey, 
who has also reproduced the map and notes, giving further illustrative 
notes, in his paper on " Cartographic Jersiase " (Bulletin of the Societe* 
Jersiase, 1908).] 

[* See vol. i of the present edition, pp. xli, xlii. ] 

[f Insula rastorum. This word occasions some difficulty ; the form 
rastus or rastum is not known in mediaeval Latin. There is no doubt 
here about the reading rastorum can it be that the local Scandinavian 




VecHs 



Erm 




cloj 




REDUCED SKETCH MAP OF THE CHANNEL ISLANDS. FROM LILAND'S 
"COLLECTANEA," VOL. Ill, P. Il6, 



i86 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

ecclesiam. Satis ferax frumenti et pecoris; arbore prorsus 
caret. [On the island is written, j parche.~] 

e. hie inventtim sepulchrum gigantis a quodam sacri- 
ficulo. 

/ castrum longini. 

g. rast i.e. angustum fretum.* 

h. Liho. Insuleta vbi prioratus de Liho. 

i. Garnesey. Fuerunt olim novem castella in Garnesey. 
X. parishes chirches. Fuerunt et cenobia antiquitus in 
Garnesey S. Michaelis de Valeria, ubi nunc ecclesia tantum 
parochialis. Coniectura est insulam de Garnesey, quae sexta 
parte minor est quam Gersey, in circuitu habere 25 millia 
passuum. 

j. Castrum Corneti in rupe adiacenti insule de Garnesei 
ita ut ab ipsa centum distet passibus, et mari semper cingi- 
tur nisi pelago praeter solitum decrescente. Ubi et aedes 
capitanei. 

k. Sere insula Anglicae ditionis, nunc penitus destructa 
olim habuit cenobiolum, sex milliaria in circuitu: cunicu- 
lorum fertilissimum ; et tota scopulosa, mire etiam avibus 
abundans. [Across the narrow part of the island is written] 
isthmos. Brekehoc [the isle to west of Sark.] 

/. erm. Erm habet quasi 4 or milliaria in circuitu, ubi olim 
erat cenobiolum canonicorum regulorum, nunc autem Fran- 
ciscani occupant. 

rast used by Leland for the Race of Alderney was, as a known term, 
employed in a Latin form by the unknown scribe to designate the island 
from the peculiar tides and strong currents which exist between it and 
its larger neighbour? This Latinizing of local terms was not unusual in 
earlier centuries ; a relic of the practice in Tudor times may have been 
possible. Sir E. Maunde Thompson, to whom I referred the question, 
is, however, doubtful about my explanation ; he suggests that the scribe 
may have copied these words from some document where the descrip- 
tion was really "insula pastorum," but \h&\. pastorum was indistinctly 
written, with the / and a so run together that he copied it rastorum. 
This supposition, which commends itself to students in palaeography, 
throws us back on the flat inland features of the island, and the probable 
(though uncertain) meaning of Burhou (burorburon, Normandy patois, 
a small house or hut ; holmes, houlm> Scandinavian, an isle surrounded 
by water), the island of small houses or habitations, where shepherds 
may have dwelt. My best thanks are due for kind assistance over this 
problem, towards the solution of which I offer these two attempts. 

[* Rast, a race, Fr. raz, swift water, The Race of Alderney. Rast, 
the stem of O. Norse rost, a strong current of water.] 



APPENDIX III i& 7 

m. Geteho. 

n. Ecrehoc. 

o. Jersey. Jersey ex coniectura habet 30 millia passuum 
in circuitu. xij parishes. Cenobiola antiquitus in Gersey, S. 
Michaelis, S. Petri, S. Marie de Leco, S. Joannis, S. de- 
mentis; quae nunc desolata sunt. 

/. Mons superbus, Montorguil, castellum in rupe situm. 

q. Hie natus fuit T. Sulmo. 

r. De grosso naso. Castrum grosnes dirutum. 

s. Insula Sri. Helerii. Henricus 2 U8 [Pin] sua dona- 
tione appellat insuletas, quasi ac si dicas parvas insulas 
quarum due sunt rupes; in altera est sacellum ubi D.* He- 
lerium anachoretam decollaverunt Hunni Chilteberto apud 
Francos regnante. Tertia que proxima est insulae de Jersey 
uix habens 400 passus in circuitu, habet ecclesiam D. Elerio 
sacram ubi et olim erat monasteriolum canonicorum regu- 
lorum. Mille passibus distat a Jersei. Mentio est in uita 
Wenenfredae de Elerio quodam, nescio tamen an hie sit. 
Monasterium canonico. iam non habet. 

/. Franciae ditionis. Chausey. Vix habet in circuitu 
mille passus. 

u. Normannia. Grandis villa [Granville.] 

v. [At bottom right corner, the small mark for a castle, 
and the words] Mons Michaelis. [In the left hand margin] 
Thomas Sulmo. Quo tempore imperium Joannis regis Angl. 
et lata ditio decreverunt curavit inter caetera, accepto Galli. 
syngrapho, ut insulas sibi solide retineret.f 



[* />., Divus.] 



[t The construction of this note is somewhat obscure ; Hearne, too, 
found a difficulty, as he added, below Leland's words, " Haec verba 
ita plane concipiuntur in MS." 

It is a statement made on the authority of Thomas Sulmo (or Soule- 
mont) whose name stands at the head, and may be translated thus, 
" Whereas in the time of John the empire and wide dominion of the king 
of England had decreased, he took care among other things, having 
accepted an agreement (or treaty) with the French, that he should re- 
tain the islands firmly for himself." 

Mr. E. A. Freeman says : " When continental Normandy was lost 
by John, the insular part of the Duchy was still retained, and it has 
ever since remained a possession of the English Crown" ("Norman 
Conquest," i, p. 212). King John died in 1216; the islands had be- 
longed to Normandy since the tenth century, but the first treaty with 
France officially recognizing the English possession of the Channel 



i88 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

w. Caput Jfage, Cesarisburgus [Cherbourg, written along 
this French coast-line]. 

At the top of the map is ecclesia Christi, contracted, (Christ- 
church) on a part of the Hampshire coast, with Vectis (I. of 
Wight) just below. 

Three partial lines to indicate distances, with the measures, 
appear on the map, viz. between the I. of Wight and the 
Casquets "thre canning";* between the Casquets and 
Guernsey "a kenning"; between Guernsey and Jersey 
" distat spacio septem leucarum et amplius." 

I must add my obligations to Rev. Dr. Magrath, Provost 
of Queen's College, Oxford, who has courteously permitted 
the use of his fine facsimile of Leland's page for reproduc- 
tion here. 

Islands is dated 1259, according to Julien Havet ("CEuvres," 1896, 
torn, ii, pp. 381, 382).] 

[* A kenning was a marine measure of about twenty or twenty-one 
miles as far as the eye could see.] 



I 



INDEX OF PERSONS AND LANDOWNERS 

[The word "family" means that several of the name are referred to. 
The word temp, after a name indicates that the person was living in 
Leland*s timeA 



ABKRGAVENNY, Lord, 167. 

Achard, Berks, 99. 

Aclam, Acklam, Mr., 12. 

Aeon, parson of Petworth, 92. 

Acton of Acton, ? Worcester ; 112; 
Robert, beheaded, 163. 

Acton, Lawrence, Mayor of New- 
castle, 1 1 8. 

yEdbald, son of ^thelbert, his 
palace, 48. 

/Elphege, jElfheah, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, tomb, 38, 40, 
57- 

Ager family of Otterdene, 43. 

Alan de la Corone, alias Alan 
Opendore, 181. 

Alarde of Winchelsea, 1 14. 

Albany, Albeniacus, lord of Bel- 
voir castle, etc. , 89 ; Albanys 
of Norfolk, 119. 

Alcher, 42, 53. 

Aldulph of Tetbury, 103. 

Alfred of Beverley quoted, 53. 

Alington, Camb., 97. 

Anderton, Mr., temp.. Lanes., 7. 

Anketill, 107, 108. 

Anselm, Bishop, tomb, 39. 

Antioch of Stalbridge, 108. 

Archdecon, Warine, lent., 150. 

Arden family, 80. 

Arundel, Bishop, tomb, 40; Tho- 
mas, Archbp., 44. 

Ashfield, Oxfordshire, 76. 

Ashton, Sir Ralph, Marshal, 34. 

Aske family, 77. 

Asser, bishop of Britain, 170. 



Audley, temp., 121; Hugh and 

James, 158, 162. 
Audley, or Twichet of Nantwich, 

lord, 75. 



Bagers, William, 135. 

Barkeley, Maurice de Gaunt, 130, 

131, 141; John, Lord, 141; 

Thomas, Lord, 133, 141 ; Ro- 



ger of Dursley, 130, 133; Sir 
William, temp., 132, 133, 141. 
Barkeley, William of, family, 101, 



102, 103, 141 ; genealogy of 
the lords of, 103-105. See 
Lisle.* 

Barkeley of Heron, alias Fitz- 
harding, in, 112. See Hard- 
ing. 

Barkeley of Wymondham, 123. 

Barnes, Lord, 96, 128. 

Barningham family, 30. 

Barow, Henry, esquire, 163. 

Barre, Humfrey le, 103. 

Bassingburn, 123. 

Baynard family, Essex, 1 10. 

Baynon, Baynan, Inon, 86, 87; 
William, temi>., 87. 

Baynton, 163; Sir Edward, 99; 
Beynton, Dorset, 108. 

Beauchamp, Bello-campo, Simon 
de, 34. 

Beauchamp family, 159; Thomas, 
knt., 108; of Gloucester, 
133. See Warwick, Earl. 

Beaufort, Henry, Cardinal, 159. 



189 



190 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Beaumont or Bellmont, Leic., 126, 

127; Devon, 127. 
Becket, Thomas, translated, 39, 

40; life of, by Grim, 118, 

143- 

Belasys, Anthony, Dr., of Dur- 
ham, temp., 84. 

Berkeley. See Barkeley. 

Bigot, Bygot, Mr., temp., 33. 

Birkenhead, Mr., temp., 74; Bri- 
ketts or Brikenheved, 75. 

Black, Blage, Mr., temp., 127. 

Blackstone, Mr., of Peck water's 
Inn, Oxford, temp., 165. 

Blueth family, no. 

Blundus, Ailwardus, 130. 

Bohun, Humfrey, Earls of Here- 
ford, one the Constable of 
England, 103, 125. 

Boleyn's possessions, 124. 

Boleyn, Geoffry, Mayor of Lon- 
don, 44. 

Bolney, gentleman, 78. 

Bonhomes of Haslebury, 107. 

Bonville, William, Dorset, 108, 
120. 

Botreaux, 132. 

Boucher, Thomas, cardinal, 44; 
lord, killed at Barnet, 162. 

Bourcher, Sir John, 34; Thomas 
B., cardinal, tomb, 39. 

Bouth, Mr., of Dunham Massey, 
temp., 5. 

Bowelle, William, Dorset, 108. 

Bowes (Bowis), Mr., Yorks, 28. 

Bowmer, Sir Ralph, 29. 

Bradley, William and Hugh de, 
102. 

Bradshaw, Henry, poet, 55. 

Brecknock, Eleanor, lady of, 125; 
Humphrey, lord of, 126. 

Brereton, Sir Randol of, temp., 4. 

Breuse, Brayuse, Reginald de, and 
five others, 103, 125. 

Bridges, Mr., Berks, temp., 115. 

Bridges, Sir John, Glouc., 115, 
I3i> 132. 

Brien (Briente), Guido de, 73, 

157. 

Brightnel, Northants, 124. 



Broke, Edward, Dorset, 108. 
Brooke, Lord, 72; Willoughby, 

Lord, 73, 74, 131. 
Brotherton, Thomas de, and 

family, 83, 90, 93. 
Brough, John de, Earl of Ulster, 

J 55- 

Broughton, lands of, 97. 

Bruning, Dorset, 109. 

Brut, Brutte, Richard, 107. 

Bryan. See Brien. 

Buckingham, Duke of, how styled, 
24; Edward, 106; Hum- 
phrey, 1 60. 

Buckingham, John, Bishop of 
Lincoln, 45. 

Bulbeck, Viscounts, 147, 148. 

Burgh (Brough), John de, Earl of 
Ulster (Holvester, Ultonia), 

I55 156. 

Burrough, Mr., Leic., 20. 
Burton, knt., of Nostel, 13. 
Burwash, Bartholomew de, and 

daughter Elizabeth, 157, 158. 
Bush, Ralph, 108. 
Bussey family, 123, 124, 131. 
Butevilayne, William, 103. 
Butler, Boteler, Mr., of Rawcliff, 

temp., 9. 

Butler, Lord Sudeley, 132. 
Butville, knt., Northants, 21. 



Caine of Devonshire, 107, 132. 
Calveley, Sir Hugh, 3. 
Cam well, Dorset, 108. 
Candos, Robert, 152, 153. 
Cantelupe, Bishop of Hereford, 

135- 

Capel, Sir Giles, 132. 

Car, William, knt., 163. 

Carlisles, merchants of Newcastle, 
117. 

Careswell, Caverswall, Montgom- 
ery and Sir William of, 129. 

Carew, Sir Nicolas, 127. 

Carew, Thomas, Dorset, 108. 

Ceolwulph, King, at Lindisfarn, 
95 ; tomb at Norham, 95. 

Cerne, Dorset, 108. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 191 



Chandois, the noble warrior, band 
of, 1 10, 115, 116. 

Chauncy, John, knt., 102. 

Chaworth, Sir John, 19. 

Cheltenham, Abbot of Tewkes- 
bury, 136. 

Chester, Earls of, 147. 

Cheyney, Lord Warden of Dover, 
temp., 70; Cheyni, knt., 73. 

Chicheley, Henry, archbp., 44; 
bishop, 34, 39. 

Chicheley, chamberlain of Lon- 
don, family, 34. 

Chideock, John, knt., 108. 

Chillenden, Thomas, prior of Can- 
terbury, 41. 

Cholmeley, Mr., temp., 2. 

Chorleton, Lord Powis, 76. 

Clare, Earl of Gloucester, 140. 
See Gloucester. 

Clare, Richard, Earl of Hereford, 

154, 155- 

Clare family, 154-156. 
Clarence, Duke of, 138, 161; how 

styled, 24; Isabella Neville, 

Duchess of, 161. 
Clifford, 132; of Kent, 88; Roger, 

126. 

Clifton, Gervase, beheaded, 162. 
Clinton, Lord, of Folkstone, 64. 
Cobham, Sir John, and wife, 44; 

Cobhams of Lingfield, Surrey, 

118. 

Colville, knt., Kent, 66. 
Coleshill, 73. 
Compton, Cometon, Mr., temp., 

Constable of Sudeley and 

Gloucester castles, 135, 136, 

141. 
Consul, Robert (notko), Earl of 

Gloucester, 138, 139, 153. 
Conyers, Lord, his house, 26, 33 ; 

Conyers (Cunniers), Mr., 28, 

30. 

Corbet, Mr., temp., i. 
Corborant, Admiral, of Persia, 

148. 

Cornwall, Sir John, 44. 
Cornwall, Richard Duke of, King 

of Germany, 104. 



Corpeson, of Studley Abbey, 129. 

Couksey family, 79. 

Courtney, founder of Maidstone 

College, 38. 
Courteney, Thomas, Earl of Devon, 

slain at Tewkesbury, 162; 

Walter and Hugh, beheaded 

there, 163. 

Creall, of Kent, 43, 44. 
Crevecoeur, three of the family 

buried at Leeds, Kent, 43. 
Crompton, of London, 121. 
Cromwell, Lord, temp., 91, 115; 

" one of the Cromwells," 115. 
Crowmer, William, Kent, 44. 
Cusance, Peter de, knt., I IO. 
Cutte, "yong," 4 6. 

Dacre, Lord, 77. 

Dalemayn, Henry, 58. 

Dalison, Line., 128. 

Darby, John, draper, Alderman of 

London, 44. 

Darcy family, Essex, 87. 
Darells of Sessay and of Kent, 

128. 

Daubeney, 74. 
Davell, Dr., temp., 123. 
Dawney, Guy, Yorks, 128. 
Dawtrey of Petworth, 77, 78, 80, 

92. 
De Fortibus, Earl of Devonshire, 

119. 

Delabere, 103. 
Delaland, Line., 123. 
De la Linde, John, 107, 108. 
Delamare family, 98, 99; Robert, 

102. 

De la Roche, William, 98, 99. 
Delves, John, senior and junior, 

162. 
Denbaude, de Poscuith, 71, 72; 

Henton, 72. 
Derby, lords, their possessions, 5, 

6, 9, 12. See Stanley. 
Dering, Mr., temp., 93. 
Devereux (Ebroicius), 119, 154. 
Devonshire, Earl of. See Red- 

deues and De Fortibus. 
Dicons, Sir John, 120. 



192 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Dikes, ancient family of Petworth, 

78, 92, 93- 

Dispenser. See Spenser. 
Downe, Sir John, 3. 
Dudley, Lord, 76. 
Dunevet, Knevet family, 119. 

Edmunds, parson of Petworth in 

sixteenth century, 92. 
Edward the Black Prince, tomb, 

38. 
Edward, Prince, son of Henry VI, 

slain at Tewkesbury, 162; his 

wife, Anna Neville, 161, 163. 
Egfrid, King of Northumbria, 94. 
Eleanor, Queen, tomb in Grey 

Friars, Bedford, 23. 
Espec, 88. 

Essley, Walter de, 103. 
Ethelstane, King, 125. 
Ethelwold, two bishops of Lindis- 

farne, 94. 
Eustache le Moyne, admiral of 

France, 54. 
Eversby, Sir John, 88. 

Fairfax of Yorkshire, 74. 

Fanhap, Lord, 44. 

Farringtons, of Leland parish, 8. 

Felding, esquire, killed at Tewkes- 
bury, 163. 

Felton of Felton, 1 10. 

Ferrars, 131, 157; Mr., temp. 117; 
Robert, 157; Margaret, 157. 

Ferrars, Lord, temp., possessions 
of, 1 66. 

Filolle, Dorset, 108. 

Finch, Finch-Herbert, Sussex, 
114. See Index II, Trade. 

Fineux family, 43. 

Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, 88. 

Fitzharding, in. See Barkeley. 

Fitzhaymo, Robert, 138, 152. 

Fitzhugh family, 27, 29. 

Fitzneele, tomb at Dunstable, 127. 

Fitz Nicol, son of a Berkeley, 112. 

Fitzpayne family, 109. 

Fitzwarren, Lord, temp., 129. 

Fitz Williams of Aid wark, 128. 



Fleming, rich man of Stamford, 
88. 

Flore, John, standard bearer of 
the Duke of Somerset at 
Tewkesbury field, 163. 

Fog, Mr., of Ashford, Kent, con- 
troller to Edward IV, 38. 

Fortescue, Chief Justice of Eng- 
land, 163. 

Foster, Humfrey, father and son, 
temp., 99, 100, 101. 

Foster of Northumberland, 99, 
100 ; Sir Thomas, marshal of 
Berwick, 99. 

Framlingham, Mr., "Henry sur- 
veyor and family," temp., 96, 
101. 

Frank, Mr., of Knighton, Yorks, 
28. 

Fulgham, Sir Godfrey and sons, 
128. 

Gamages, Elizabeth de, 103. 

Gascoyne, Sir Henry, Yorks, 28. 

Gau, Richard le, 107. 

Giffards, four houses; possessions 
of the Staffordshire house, 
129; of Shropshire, 130. 

Gilbert, comes Gloucester et Here- 
ford, 131, 154. 

Gilbert, John, of Queen's Camel, 
106, 107, 132. 

Gloucester, earls of, Ailward and 
Brictric, 138, 151, 152; Robert 
Consul and family, 138, 139; 
descent from Richard, the 
first earl, 140, 141; the Red 
earl (Gilbert the second), 137, 
140, 155; Clare family, their 
possessions, 134, 135, 137; 
Thomas Dispenser and wife, 
157. See Spenser. 

Gloucester and Hereford, Clares, 
Gilbert, Richard, and other 
successive Earls of, 140, 154, 

ISS- 

Gloucester, Dukes of, descent from 
Edward III, 141; Humphrey, 
how styled, 24, 28; George, 
138- 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 193 



Goodrich of Pirton, Glow., 81. 
Goldstone, three priors of the 

name at Canterbury, 41. 
Goring, Mr., temp., 78, 93. 
Gower, Chief Judge of Common 

Pleas, and family, 75, 117; 

allusion to the poet, 75, 117. 
Gower, John, sword-bearer to 

Prince Edward in Tewkes- 

bury fight, 162. 
Gray, of Ruthin, Lord, Earl of 

Kent, 121. 

Green family, Northants, 124. 
Gresham of London, 74. 
Greville, Thomas, and family, 79, 

80; Fulke, Lord Brooke, 

poet, temp., 80; Sir William, 

lawyer, 81. 
Griffith of Terre Mone (Anglesey), 

Mr., temp., 124. 

Grifith, knt., of Braybrooke, 132. 
Grim, Edmund, writer of Becket's 

life, 118, 143. 
Gurnay family, Stoke-sub-Ham- 

don, 73. 
Gwent, Dr., chaplain to Henry 

VIII, Dean of Arches, parson 

of Bredon, 136. 

Haddon family, 107. 

Handley, Humphrey, beheaded, 

162. 

Harcourt of Oxfordshire, 129. 
Harding, Lord Berkeley, 103; 

Robert and family genealogy, 

103, 104, 130. 
Harpsden, Oxon, 101. 
Harrington, Mr., temp., 90; 

family, 122. 
Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, 

132; Hugh, 157. 
Hastings, John, Earl of Pem- 
broke, 84. 
Hastings, Richard, Chamberlain 

to Edward III, tomb, 23. 
Henry le Moyne, 103. 
Henry IV, King, tomb, 38. 
Henry V, date of birth, 94. 
Herbert, Sir Walter, 91. See 

Pembroke. 
IV, 



Herbert and Finch families, 114; 

Herbert Fitz Peter, 125. 
Hereford, Roger, Earl of, 102. 
Hereward, Roger, 103. 
Herman, John, of Rendlesham, 

Heron of Ford, 117. 

Herring, John, 108. 

Hiatt, James, 132. 

Holcroft, Sir John, 7. 

Holland, Edmund, Earl of Kent, 

93- 
Holland, John, Duke of Exeter, 

93- 

Home of Oxon, 78. 
Horsey, Sir John, Dorset, 8l, 108, 

109. 
Howard, Lord Thomas, temp., 

in; Elizabeth, 149. 
Howard, Thomas, Duke of Nor- 
folk, and daughter Anne, 

149. 
Howard, Edmund, knt., 162; 

John, knt., 149. 
Hubert de Burgh, Constable of 

Dover Castle, 54, 64; his 

saying " the key of England" 

applied to Kent, 55. 
Hungate, William, grandfather of 

the Court, and Thomas, 77. 
Hungerford, Dorset, 108, 132. 
Hunks, Glow., 81. 
Huntingdon, William, 17. 
Huntingfield, tomb in Blackfriars, 

Boston, 114. 
Husey, Lord, 90. 

Inon, or Baynon family, 86, 87. 
Irencester, Sir Richard, tomb, 23. 
Islip, Simon, Bishop, tomb, 40. 
Iweley, Peter of, 103. 

John of Jerusalem, Prior of, taken 
at battle of Tewkesbury, 162, 
163. 

John, King, and his wives, 139, 
140, 154; his relation to the 
Channel Islands, 187 ; his 
younger son, Richard Duke 
of Cornwall, 104- 



194 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Kemp, Dr., Bishop and Arch- 
bishop, 38, 45 ; tomb, 39. 

Kenulphus, King, 135. 

Keterick, Mr., Yorks t 31. 

Kilrington, William, alias Col- 
broke, 150. 

Kirby, Kyrkeby, Mr., of Raw- 
cliff, 9. 

Kirkeby, John, Bishop of Ely, 
Treasurer of England, 113. 

Kitson, Mr., 11, 73. 

Kyryel, Sir Thomas, and wife, 

34- 

Knevet, serving porter to the 
King, temp.) 96; family, 119. 

Knight, Richard, of Hythe, 65. 

Knightley, Edmund and wife, 
149. 

Knoille, Gilbert, 106, 107. 

Knolles, Sir Robert, of Rochester, 
44. 



Lancaster, Edmund, Earl of, 126; 
the "good Duke," 13. 

Lanfranc, 69. 

Langford, Mr. , of Edgecroft, 6. 

Langley, Edmund of, Duke of 
York, third son of Ed- 
ward III, 91, 156, 157. 

Langtoft, Peter de, 93. 

Langton, Simon, bishop, tomb, 

39- 
Langton, Mr., of Walton-on-Dar- 

went, 8. 

Lascelles, Mr., Yorks, 31. 
Latimer, Lord, 26, 33. 
Lawrence, Thomas, Kent, 49. 
Leicester, Mr., of Tabley, 

temp.> 5. 
Leland, Sir William, of Morley, 

Lancashire, 6, 7. 
Leukenor, John, 162. 
Leuston of Leuston, 142. 
Lewins of Canterbury, temp., 127. 
Leyburne, knt., n. 
Linacre, 42. 
Linch, physician to Henry VII, 

88. 
Lirmouth, William, knt, 163. 



Lisle, Lord, his dispute with Lord 
Berkeley, 105; death, 132. 

Littlebury, Humfrey, merchant 
of Boston, 181. 

Longchamp, Isabel and husband, 
103. 

Loring, Nigel, Beds, 127. 

Lovekin, Mayor of London, 86. 

Lovel, 74; Henry, 102. 

Lovetoft, William, prior of Work- 
sop, 17; family, 16, 17. 

Lucy family, of Cockermouth, of 
Kent, of Warwickshire, 74. 

Lumley, Lord, and the Thorn- 
tons, 1 1 8. 

Lygon family, 81. 

Lyngain, Sir John, 167. 

Lytster, chief Baron of Exchequer, 
78. 

Magason, Hugh, last Prior of 
Deerhurst Abbey, 134. 

Makerel, Dr., pardoned by Ed- 
ward IV, 163. 

Malletts of Yorkshire, 91. 

Maltravers, Alice, 73. 

Manasser of Hastings, 103. 

Mandeville, Geoffry, Earl of Es- 
sex, 154. 

Mansion, Manneston, Richard de, 
107, 108. 

Margaret Beaufort, mother to 
Henry VII, 87, 91, 163. 

Marianus Scotus, 116. 

Marmion, Lord, 27, 29. 

Marney, Henry, Lord, in. 

Marshal, William the, 125, 155; 
Richard le, 125. 

Marston, Marschinton and family, 
129. 

Martin family, Dorset, 143; John 
or William, 44. 

Mary, Lady, daughter of 
Henry VIII, at Tewkesbury, 
134; at Ludlow, 80. 

Matilda, wife to William Con- 
queror, 138. 

Mawbank, John, 106, 107. 

Meaw, Ailward, Earl of Glou- 
cester, 138, 151. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 195 



Melcombe, 108. 

Mepeham, Bishop, tomb, 39. 

Mercia, Oddo, and Doddo, Dukes 

of, 138, 150, 151. 
Metcalfe, Sir James, 27 ; Metcalfe 

family, 33, 86. 
Middleton, William, mercer of 

London, 44. 
Milham, Simon de, Abbot of 

Langley, 95. 
Molynes, Kent, 88. 
Montague, Earl of Salisbury, 142, 

IS7- 

Monteagle, Lord, 14. 
Monteville, Lord, his possessions, 

182. 
Montfort, Hugh de, 55; Simon 

de, 126. 

Montjoy, Lord, 80, 132. 
Montpesson or Mompesson, 74. 
More, Dorset, 108. 
Morgan, of South Wales, 84; Sir 

Thomas of Pencoit, temp., 

85, 91. 

Morley, Thomas, 157. 
Mortaine, Lord, in window at 

Canterbury, 40. 

Mortimer of Cardiganshire, 168. 
Morton, John, Archbishop, 44, 

60, 62. 

Mowbray, Lord, 21, 23, 93. 
Mounderling, Robert, knt., 84. 
Mountvilles, tombs in Grey Friars, 

Boston, 114, 115. 

Necham of Chichester, verses by, 
109. 

Neville, Richard, Earl of War- 
wick, Lord Dispenser and 
Abergavenny, 161; Neville 
family, 161, 162; members 
slain at battle of Barnet, 162. 

Neville, Sir Thomas, 88; Rich- 
ard, Earl of Salisbury, 159; 
his daughter, 149; Sir John 
and wife, 149. 

Newburgh, John, 108; William, 
knt., 163. 

Newnam, Mr., temp., 18. 

Newport of Shropshire, 130. 



Newton of Wick, 132. 
Nigel 1, Robert, son of, 103. 
Norfolk, Duke of, 120; how 

styled, 24; Thomas and wife, 

96; Richard, lord of Chep- 

stow, 1 60. 
Nottingham, Sir William, chief 

Baron of Exchequer, 44. 

Offa, King, and Tetbury Castle, 
135; Kenchester, ruins of his 
palace, 167; his palace at 
Sutton, Hereford, 167. 
Olpennc, Simon de, 103. 
1 Osbert, lord of Tudenham and 
Wolston (early Pembroke 
line), 83. 
! Owen ap Meridith, and his son 

Caspar, 124, 125. 
j Oxenbridge of Sussex, 1 14. 
Oxeney, Mr., temp., 63. 
Oxford, Genealogy of Earls of, 

i 45- * SO- 

Oxford, Maude, Countess of, her 
descent in the Ufford family, 
148. 

Palmers of Warwicks. , family, 79, 
81. 

Parre, Lord, 27. 

Parre, Mr., of Kendal, 12; family 
from the north, 124. 

Passelew, Richard, 103. 

Pateshull, Mabil, Lady of Blettes- 
ho, Beds, 22, 23. 

Paulet family, Somerset, 71, 72, 
80. 

Paynel, Painel, Mr., of Boston, 
temp., 114, 115, 181. 

Peche, Mr., temp., 120. 

Peckham, Archbp., 37 ; tomb, 40. 

Pembroke, Earls of: John Hast- 
ings, 84; Herbert, 91; Wil- 
liam Marshall, 125, 155; 
William Valence, 126. 

Percy, Lord Egremont of Wres- 
sell, Yorks, 33. 

Percy, Lord, in window at Canter- 
bury, 40 ; land and arms, 77, 
78; Henry, Dorset, 108. 



196 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Peverel, Andrew, Dorset, 108. 

Philipps, Sir Davy, 91. 

Pilkington of Lancashire, 6 ; lands 
of, 97. 

Place, Mr., Yorks, 31. 

Planca, Thomas de, 103. 

Plumber, Roger, 107. 

Pointz or Pontz, John, temp., ill, 
116. 

Poliziano in Bologna, 42. 

Pollard, Sir Lewis, judge, 75; 
family, 75. 

Pomeroy family, Devon and Corn- 
wall, 1 1 6. 

Pool, Sir John at, 45. 

Poole, Mr., Stafford, temp., 115. 

Popham, ot Hants and Wilts, 100; 
Sir John, his titles and tomb, 
100, 101; Stephen, Dorset, 
108. 

Porter of Colly Weston, North- 
ants, 91. 

Powis, my lord, 76. 

Poynings, Edward, 34, 44, in. 

Prestwich, Mr., Lane., temp., 5. 

Pudsey, Mr., Yorks, temp., 28.- 

Purefoy family, I2O. 

Radclif, Mr., temp., 121. 

Radcliff, Sir Alexander, near the 
Irwell, 5. 

Rainesford of Tew, Oxon, 76; 
of Essex, 76. 

Rale, William de, Bishop of Nor- 
wich, 95. 

RawclifF of Wimmerlaw, 10. 

Reddeues, Earl of Devonshire, 
119. 

Rede of Dodington, Glouc., 133. 

Redmill, Sir William, 92. 

Redvers, Baldwin, Earl of Wight 
and Devonshire, 142. 

Repingdon, Philipp, Abbot of 
Leicester, 109. 

Rich, Sir William, 45. 

Richmont, Mr. , merchant of Lon- 
don, 34. 

Richmond, Edmund Tudor, Earl, 
87, 91 n. 

Ringsley, Sir Edward, 48. 



Rivers of Rivers Park, Sussex, 

78. 

Rivers, Earl, Lord Scales, 24. 
Rivington, Mr. (Riventon), temp., 

Robert Curthose, Duke of Nor- 
mandy, 146. 

Rochefort, Robert de, 103. 

Rokeby, Mr., 28, 30. 

Ros, Lord, 88, 89, temp., 116; 
of Wark, 118; Henry, knt., 
163. 

Rouse of Dinnington, 76. 

Rouse, Rowys, William, knt., 
163. 

Rugby, Sir Henry, 118. 

Rutland, Earl of, temp., 88, 89, 
124. 

Rutter of Rutland, 124. 

Ryves family, of Bland ford, 143. 



Sackvilles of Buckhurst, Bedford, 
and Bletchingley, 82. 

St. Albans, Abbot of, 121. 

St. Amand, 98, 99. 

St. Cleres, 119. 

St. Cuthbert, bishop of Lindis- 
farne, 94, 95; tomb, 40. 

St. Fremund, tomb, 127. 

St. Helerius, anchorite, 187. 

St. John, Lord, Paulet of Basing, 
72. 

St. John, Sir John, 23 ; Blake St. 
John, tomb, 23. 

St. John family and Duke of So- 
merset, 87 ; Oliver, 87, 88. 

St. Loe, Lord, 132. 

St. Maure, Lord, 131. 

St. Thomas of Hereford, 137. 

Salisbury, knt. of Denbigh (? Sir 
John Salesbury of Llewenny), 
temp., 84. 

Salisbury, Bishop of, 93. 

Salvage, 74. 

Sanford, Mr., temp., I. 

Savage, Sir John, 135. 

Savages, Salvage, Kent, 74, 88. 

Scott, Sir Peter and Sir Nicholas, 
117 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 197 



Scott, alias Rotheram, Archbp. of 

York, 14, 121, 122. 
Scrope, Lord, 27, 29, 30; family 

tombs, 92; Richard, 149. 
Scudamore family, Hereford, 82. 
Segrave, Lord, 91, 191. 
Semar, Thomas, knt., 163. 
Sergeaunt, Richard, knt., 149. 
Shirley, coflferar of the King's 

house, temp., 93. 

Shrewsbury, Earl, temp., 2; pos- 
sessions of, 14, 15, 1 6, 17. 
Simeon of Durham quoted, 53. 
Smith, Mr., Leic., 20. 
Somerset, John, Earl, tomb, 40; 

Duke, 87; Sir Charles, 91; 

Edmund, Duke of, and his 

brother John, beheaded, 162. 
Souch, Lord. See Zouch. 
Souch of Derbyshire, 123. 
Spencer, Lord Edward, 134. 
Spencer, or le Dispenser, Hugh II, 

Earl of Gloucester, 140; his 

wife Eleanor de Clare, 156; 

her death, 157; Hugh III 

and wife, Elizabeth, 157; 

family, 156-158. 
Spurstow, Mr., temp., 3. 
Stafford, William, of Froham, 

149. 
Stafford, Humfrey, knt., Dorset., 

108. 

Stafford, Ralph, first Earl, 83. 
Stafford, Humfrey, with the Silver 

Hand, 72, 73. 
Stafford, Sir Humphry, North- 

amptons., family and temp., 

78, 79- 

Stafford of Worcester, 80. 
Stanley (Standeley), Sir William 

of, 3; Thomas S., Earl 

Derby, 97. 

Stanley, Lord Monteagle, 97. 
Steward, James, King of Scotland, 

and wife, 127, 128. 
Strangways, Mr., temp., 73. 
Strangways family, 72, 73. 
Stratford, Bishop, tomb, 39. 
Straw, Jack, 39, 69. 
Striguil, alias Chepstow, gene- 



alogy of Counts of, Earls of 

Pembroke, 83. 
Strongbow, Richard, 83. 
Sudbury, Simon, Bishop, 52; 

beheaded by Jack Straw, 39, 

69. 

Sudley, Lord. See Butler. 
Suffolk, Duke of, temp., 73, 182. 
Sulmo (or Soulemont), Mr. 

Thomas, temp., 88, in, 118, 

119, 143, 183, 184, 187. 

Talbot, Sir Gilbert, tomb, 2. 

Talbot, Sir John of Grafton, 133. 

Talbot, Robert, antiquary, temp., 
42, 47, 181 n. 

Tame family, Sir Edmund, of 
Fairford, 78; in Dorset, 108. 

Tancrevilles, three buried at 
Kenilworth, 128. 

Tempest family, 13. 

Theobald, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 41. 

Thorne, William, historian of 
St. Augustine's Canterbury, 
quoted, 52, 53. 

Thornhill of Thornhill, 142; 
Walter, 107. 

Thornton, merchant, of New- 
castle, 117, 118. 

Throgmorton, John, 163. 

Thurgill, Yorks, 117. 

Thwaytes, of Yorkshire, 74. 

Tilley alias Selling, William, 
prior of Canterbury, 42. 

Tilney of Boston, 115, 182. 

Tilney, Philip and family, Norf. , 
9596. 

Tipetote or Tiptoft, 76; John, 
earl of Worcester, 161. 

Touchet, Tuchet, Twichet, 74. 

Townley, knt., of Warsop, 16. 

Trafford, Mr., of Old Trafford, 
temp., 5. 

Tregose, Sir John, 113. 

Tresham family, Northants, 22, 
97; cruel death of William, 
97; Thomas, knt, taken at 
Tewkesbury field, 162, 163; 
Henry, ditto, 163. 



198 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Trussell, William, knt., 150. 
Turguise, 82; Turgese, 108, 109. 
Twyne (John), Kentish antiquary, 
46, 50. 



Ulster, Earl of. See Burgh. 

Upton, Nicholas, Canon of Salis- 
bury and Wells, military and 
heraldic writer, 24. 

Urman, John, knt., 163. 



Vampage, Worcester, 81. 
Vaughan, Sir Richard, of Brad- 

wardine, temp., and grand- 
father, 124, 125. 
Vaulx, Lord, 22; William, knt., 

killed in battle, 162. 
Veel, lord of, and wife, 102; 

Geoffry and wife, Thomas, 

102. 
Vere, Earl of Oxford, 61 ; genealogy 

of, 145, I47-I5 - 
Vere, Milo de, and successors, 

Earls of Guisnes (Genney or 

Gisney), 145, 146. 
Vere, Aubrey the grim, 146; the 

good Earl Robert, 147; 

Robert, Marquis of Dublin 

and Duke of Ireland, 149. 
Villars, tomb and temp., 120. 
Vitrocus of Naples, conquered by 

Robert, Earl of Oxford, 

147. 



Wadham and wife, 100. 
Walden, Humphrey de, 1 06. 
Walerico, Reginald, Bernard and 

Thomas de, 101, 102. 
Walter (Hubert), Chancellor of 

K. John, Archbishop of 

Canterbury, tomb, 39. 
Wangford, William, 44. 
Wareham, Bishop, 52; tomb, 40, 

41. 

Warimund, John de, 103. 
Warner, John, merchant of 

Rochester, 52. 



Warren, Fulk, I. 

Warren, William, Earl, 95. 

Warren, Warine, William and 
wife, 147. 

Warwick, Earls of, Bellmonts and 
Beauchamps, 126, 142, 159; 
Nevilles, 159-162; Henry, 
Duke of, beloved by King 
Henry VI, 160, 184; his 
daughter Anna, 160. 

Wateley, Henry, esquire, 163. 

Wellington, John de, 102. 

Wenlock, Lord, 121, 162. 

Werkecop the herald, temp., 

31- 

Westmoreland, Earl of, 77 ; Ralph 

Neville, Earl, 159. 
Weyville, Robert, Bishop of Salis- 

bury, 1 06. 
Whetehill, Mr., of the Marches of 

Calais, 87. 

Whitelsey, Bishop, tomb, 40. 
Whitington, Richard, 44. 
Whitney, Glouc., 81. 
Whitston, knt., Staffords., 129. 
Wicks of Doddington, Mr., 



Wickingham, William, knt., 162. 
Wiclif, Mr,, ofWiclif, 28. 
Wiclif, John, ? born at Hipswell, 

Yorks, 28. 
Wilcote,WivelcoteofTew, Oxon, 

76. 

William de Hampstede, 83. 
William of Lancaster, founder of 

Cockersand Abbey, 10. 
William the old Marshal, 125, 

J 55- 
William Rufus, where killed, 

142. 
Willoughby, Lord, 73, 182. See 

Brooke. 

Winchelsea, Bishop, tomb, 39. 
Winchelsea, Richard of, writer, 

116. 
Winchester, Saerus de Quincy, 

Earl of, 147. 

Wingfield, Sir Antony, 149. 
Withams, tombs in Grey Friars, 

Boston, 115. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 199 



Worcester, Earl of, Richard Beau- 
champ, slain at Meaux, April, 
1422, 159, 1 60. 

Wotton, lands of, 97. 

Wroughton, pardoned by Edward 
IV, 163. 

Wroxall, Geoffry de, knt., 102. 

Wye, of Lipyeate, Glouc.^ 81. 



York, Archbishop, possessions, 12, 
18. 

Zouch, Lord, 21, 74; possessions 
of, 74, 1 1 8, 131; William, 
and wife, Eleanor de Clare, 
156; Elizabeth, 157. 






II 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



ABEREDW CASTLE and village on 

the Wye, 165. 
Abingdon, 79; hospital, 71. 
? Abson and Wick, Clone., 133. 
Acholt, manor, alias Kingswood, 

102 bis. 

Acklam Park, Yorks, 12. 
Adinggreves Castle, Beds (Ris- 

ingho), 22. 
Agyding brook, Ppart of Glaze 

brook, Lane.. 6. 
Aile (or Ayle) r., Kentl 47. 
Aire r., 13. 
Alberbury, Salop, and Album 

Monasterium, i. 
Alcester, 80. 

Aldbrough village, Yorks, 27. 
Aldermanton, Berks, 99. 
Aldwark on the Don r., 128. 
Alhallows village at the mouth of 

Wyre r., Lane., 9, 10. 
Allington Castle, Kent, 46, 52, 

62. 

Alparc Park, 5. 
Altoft, Yorks, 91. 
Alveley, Salop, 136. 
Amersham, Bucks, 98. 
Amounderness hundred, Lane., 8, 

9, 10. 

Andertonford r., 7. 
Andreadeswald, 56. 
Antioch, siege of, 146; legend of 

battle of, 146. 
Antioch wood, Dorset, 108. 
Antiquities found in Norfolk, 120; 

Herefordshire, 166. -5><?Briton 

bricks and Roman coins. 
Appledore, Kent, 46, 49, 56, 62, 

63, 68. 



Applegarth dale and brook, Yorks, 
30. 

Aquae dulces et salsae in fifteen 
counties. See Waters. 

Arcoll, Salop, 130. 

Arkengarth dale and beck, 32 

Arley, Wore., 135. 

Arrowr., 165, 166. 

Arundel, 78, 93, 119. 

Ascreville in Normandy, 152. 

Ashby on Avon (Nene) Castle, 
Northants, 121. 

Ashford, Kent, 38, 46, 62, 70. 

Ashridge Abbey, of Bonhommes, 
104. 

Ashton, Lane., n. 

Ashwell Thorp, near Wymond- 
ham, 95, 96. 

Avon manor place, near Christ- 
church, Hants, 141. 

Aylesford, Kent, 45, 47, 52. 

Badlesmere manor, Kent, 42. 
Badminton manor and park, 132. 
Baienet, old manor place near 

Petworth, 78, 92. 
Barford, Beds, 22. 
Barforth, Yorks, 28. 
Barham, Kent, 41. 
Barly priory, Somerset, 100. 
Barnard's Castle, 28, 29. 
Barnet, 34 ; nobles killed at battle 

of, 162. 
Barnesdale (and Robin Hood), 

!3- 

Barningham, Yorks, 30. 
Barrow Castle, 119. 
Barton hundred, Glouc., 139, 154. 
Barton, Northants, 22. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 201 



Barton heath, Oxon, 81. 
Basing Castle (House), 72. 
Battle Abbey, 113; Brecon and 

Exeter, cells to, 125. 
Bawtry, 15, 18. 
Bayonne, 100, 126. 
Beaumanor, Leic., 126. 
Bee Abbey, Normandy, 153. 
Becheworth water, Sussex, in. 
Bedale, north Yorks, 30. 
Bedford, 22, 23 ; Gray Friars, 23 ; 

St Paul's, 33, 34. 
Bedlington, Northumb., 123. 
Bedwyn, Great and Little, 130. 
Beeston ? Castle, Cheshire, 126. 
Beetha r., 12. 

Beetham, Westmoreland, II, 12. 
Bells in Canterbury Cathedral, 

41. 

Belvoir Castle, 19, 89, 1 16. 
Benefield, Northants, 21. 
Benfleet, Beanflete, Essex, 56. 
Berkeley or Barkeley, 105, 133. 
Berry Pomeroy, 116. 
Bethnal Green, London, 116. 
Beverley, 180; sanctuary and Frith 

stool, 1 80. 

Beverstone Castle, 132, 133, 141. 
Bickley, Cheshire, 2. 
Billerica, Belcaire, or Court-up- 

Street, Kent, 59, 66, 67. 
Birkenhead Hall, Wigan, 75. 
Birling, Kent, 127. 
Bishop's dale, Yorks, 32. 
Bishops Stortford Castle, Herts, 

117. 

Bishopsthorpe, near York, 12. 
Bishops water, Yorks, 13. 
Bisteme, Hants, 141. 
Bitnesden Abbey, 102. 
Blackmere Park, Salop, 2. 
Blackmore forest, Dorset, 106, 

107. 

Bland ford, Dorset, 142. 
Bletchingley, 82. 
Blettesho, Lady of, 22, 23. 
Blythr., 15, 123. 
Blyth town and abbey, 15. 
Bobbing, Kent, 88. 
Bodiam Castle, 62, 68. 



Bodington, 133. 
Bolingbroke, Line., 115. 
Bollinr., 5. 
Bologna, 42. 
Bolton Castle, 27. 
Bonhommes, Houses of, Ashridge, 
104; Edington, 106; Hasle- 
bury, 107. 
Books and writers quoted or cited 

by Leland: 

Alfred of Beverley, 53. 
Annals [of Norfolk] by an un- 
known writer, 95. 
Antonini Itinerarium, 49. 
Asser, Historia, 56, 59. 
Bede, Ecclesiastical History, 

Bradshaw, Henry (Metrical Life 
of St. Werburgh, cap. Ill, 
sec. 4, sixth stanza, Chetham 
Soc., xv), 55. 

Caesar, De Bello Gallico, 51. 

Canterbury, Codex Coenobii 
St. Salvatoris, 70. 

Chronicle of Christchurch, Can- 
terbury, 55. 

Chronicle of Dover Monastery, 

Chronicle of Durham Church, 
extracts and abstracts from, 
94> 95 (printed by Dugdale, 
Mon. Ang., i, 233, 234 a, b). 

Chronicle of the Kings of Eng- 
land from the Saxons to 
Henry V, by the unknown 
writer of the Epitome of 
Geoffrey [of Monmouth], 93. 

Chronicle of Oriel College, Ox- 
ford, 58. 

Chronicle of St. Peter's, Corn- 
hill, London, 54. 

Chronicle of Tewkesbury Mon- 
astery, abstract of, 150-161. 

Chronicle of Welsh history, ? ab- 
stract from Brut y Ty wysogion 
and others, 168-177, 182*. 

Cuthbert, Table (or Charter) of 
donations to, by King Egfrid, 
94> 95 (part of extracts from 
Chronicle of Durham). 



2O2 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Books and writers quoted or cited 

by Leland continued. 
Diodorus Siculus, 55. 
Edington Monastery, Book of, 
1 06. 

Eulogia historiarum, ex Historia 
addita, 57. 

Folcard, monk of Canterbury 
[? author of Vita S. Johannis 
Beverlac. episc. Ebor.\ ex- 
tracts concerning Beverley 
and York, 23, 24. 

Forests Charter and Perambu- 
lation of Blackmore, 1 06; In- 
quisition of Gillingham, 107. 

French Chronicle from Rich- 
ard I to Edward I, 94. 

French Chronicle of the gestes 
of England, 125. 

Gemmeticensis, Gul. (William 
of Jumieges, Historia Nor- 
mannorum), 55. 

Genealogy of the Earls of Ox- 
ford, 145-150. 

Gervase of Canterbury, Life of 
King Stephen (? Chronica de 
tempore Regum Angliae Ste- 
phani, Henry II etRichardil), 
119. 

Gervase of Canterbury, 54, 55 ; 
Supplement to his History, 

54, 55, 57, 59- 
Gotcelinus (Goscelin) Vita S. 

Sexburgae, 54, 58. 
Grim, Edmund, Life of Thomas 

a Becket, 118, 143. 
Henry of Huntingdon, Historia 

Anglorum, 54. 
History of Northumbrian Kings 

and Bishops, by an unknown 

writer, 94. 
Hoveden, Roger, Chronica, 57, 

58. 
Juvenal, Lucan, and J. Caesar, 

lines from, referring to Portus 

Rutupini, 51. 
Ketell, William, of St. John's, 

Beverley, 23. 
Kingswood Monastery, Glouc., 

Book of Donations to, 101. 



Langtoft, Peter de, his transla- 
tion into French rime of H. 
Bosham's Life of Thomas a 
Becket, 93. 
Necham of Cirencester, Verses 

by, 109. 

Orosius in Old English, 181 n. 
Packington's French Chronicle, 

58. 

Procopius, 56. 
Ptolemy, 53, 54, 57, 58. 
Richard of Winchelsea (Win- 

kele), 116. 
Roll at Master Garter's, official 

styles of certain nobles, 24. 
Scala Chronicon, 54, no. 
Simeon of Durham, 53. 
Thome, William, monk, his- 
torian of St. Augustine's, 
Canterbury, 52, 53. 
Tynemouth Monastery, Chron- 
icle of, 54 (abridgement of 
Matthew Paris). 
Upton, Nicholas, De re Militari 
et de insignibus illustrium 
virorum Angliae, 24. 
William of Malmesbury, 54. 
Boroughbridge, 31. 
Bosgrove priory, ? Sussex, 92. 
Boston and the Tilney family, 

96. 

Boston, its fair and merchants of 
the Steelyard, 114; Crom- 
well's fee paid at, 115; the 
"Sinker" lake near, 115, 
181 n. ; places near, 181 ; 
Easterlings and merchants, 
114, 181, 182. 
Boughrood Castle, on the Wye, 

165. 

Boulogne, 64, 65. 
Bowes, Yorks, 31. 
Boxley, Kent, 87. 
Box well, Glouc., 133. 
Bradfield in Hallamshire, 14. 
Bradford, Dorset, 109. 
Bradley hospital, Somerset, 71. 
Bradwardine Castle, 166. 
Brambridge over Medway r., 45. 
Brede r., Brede bridge, 63. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 203 



Bredon and Bredon Hill, Wore., 
136, 137- 

Bremisfield, 133. 

Bridgnorth, 168. 

Bridport, 108. 

Brierley Park, 13. 

Brignel Park, Yorks, 30. 

Bristol (Brightstow), 103, 124, 
139; monastery of St. Au- 
gustine's, 104; Billeswick, 
alias "les Gaunts," 130; an- 
cient gallows, 131 ; Castle, 
139, 153. 154, 1 60; St. 
James' priory, 139, 153; 
Thomas le Dispenser slain at, 
158. 

" Briton " or British bricks, 69. 

Broadstairs, near Gore End, Kent, 
60. 

Brock r., 9. 

Brooksby, Leic., 120. 

Buckenham, Norf., 119. 

Buckhurst, Sussex, 82. 

Buckingham hospital, 71 ; aquae 
dulces in the county, 71. 

Budby brook, i.e., Meden r., 
Notts, 17, 1 8. 

Bulbourne r., Herts, 98. 

Bunbury, Cheshire, 3. 

Burgh, ancient castle on the Tyne, 
94. 

Burrow Hill, Leic., 19, 20. 

Burton Lazars, hospital and church, 
Leic., 19- 

Burton, South or Bishops, and 
North, Yorks, 180. 

Bury St. Edmunds, 95. 

Byland, Yorks, 12. 

Caen stone used for Bristol and 
Tewkesbury building, 139. 

Caerleon, battle of, 168. 

Calais, 82, 87. 

Calder r., 9, 91. 

Caldwell spring and village, with 
ruins and ancient camp, 27, 

31; 

Cambridge, friars preachers, 147. 

Camps and trenches for men of 

war, 27, 31, 34, 41, 62. 



Canterbury, description, 59, 69; 
inn in the High Street, 41 ; 
noblemen and bishops buried 
in the cathedral, 38-40; great 
builders of cathedral and in 
town, 41, 52, 62, 69; Dun- 
geon Hill, 70; river Stour, 
69, 70; distances of Kentish 
towns from, 46, 49. 
Carburton brook, Notts, 17, 18. 
Cartmell sand, and priory of Black 

Canons, n. 
Casting moulds, fine earth for, in 

Surrey, 121. 

Castle Guard in Dover, 64. 
Castle Acre, Norf., 116. 
Castle Rising, Norf., 119. 
Castle Gary in Selwood, 131. 
Catterick, Yorks, 26, 28; Catterick 

Bridge, 30. 

Caundle, Bishop, 107. 
Caundle, Purse, 106. 
Cavers wall, Careswell, 129. 
Cawood Castle and village, 12, 

14. 
Caesar's landing place, near Deal, 

48. 
Cerne, Cerne Abbas, Dorset, 82, 

106, 107, 109. 

Chalk cliffs and quarries, 61, 64. 
Channel Islands, 160, 183-188; 
sketch-map from the MS., 
185; Col. Mills' "Carto- 
graphic Jersiase," 184 n. See 
Facsimile. 
Alderney, 184, 1 86; Race of, 

186. 

Brecqhou near Sark, 186. 
Burhou, 184, i86w. 
Casquets, 184, 188. 
Chausey, 187. 
Cherbourg, 188. 
Ecre"hou, 187. 
Guernsey, 186, 1 88; Cornet 

castle near, 186. 
Herm, 186. 

Jersey, 187, 188; Grosner and 
Mont Orgueil castles, 187 
St. Aubyns, 183. 
Jethou, 187. 



204 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Channel Islands continued. 
Lihou, 1 86. 
St. Helerius' isle and two others, 

close to Jersey, 187. 
Sark, 1 86. 

Charing (palace), Kent, 62. 
Charlecote, Warw., 74. 
Chat Moss, Lane., 7. 
Chater r., course of, 90. 
Chaworth Place, 19. 
Cheddar, 143. 

Chepstow, 83; castle, 160; cap- 
ture of Sir Richard Vaughan 

in, 125. 

Chertsey, Surrey, 128. 
Cheshire, aquae dukes in, 71. 
Cheshunt nunnery, Herts, 112. 
Chess r. (Lowdewater), 98. 
Chichester, 78, 93; hospital, 70. 
Chideock, Dorset, 108. 
Chilham, 46; castle, 55, 70. 
Chillington, Staffs, 129. 
Chirrington, 102. 
Cholmeley Moss, Cheshire, 2. 
Chorley, Lane., 8. 
Christchurch, Twinham, Hants, 

142. 
Cinque Ports, two lists of, 49, 56 ; 

Court of Shepway, 49. 
Clawson, Long, Leic., 19. 
Cleasby, Yorks, 82. 
Cleeve, Glouc., 136, 137. 
Clifford, Here/., 164; castle, 166. 
Clifton, near Sherborne, Dorset, 

81, 107, 109. 

Clyro Castle on the Wye, 165. 
Coal and coal pits, 14; sea coal, 

15, 32; in Wales, 178. 
Cobham, Surrey, 86. 
Cock Beck, Yorks, 77. 
Cocker r., Lane., 10. 
Cockerham village, Cockersand 

Abbey, 10. 
Cockermouth, 74, 
Colewyn Castle on the Wye, 165. 
Coin r., Herts, 98. 
Colne Priory, Essex, 146. 
Coly Weston, 91. 
Combermere Abbey, 4. 
Conder riveret, n. 



Congleton, 4. 

Conishead sand, and priory, n. 

Cooling or Cowling, Kent, 58. 

Copeland, Cumb., 82. 

Coquet, Isle df, 123. 

Corn brook, near Manchester, 5. 

Court-at- Street, Kent, 59, 66. 

PCovenham, 120. 

Coventry, church of Carmelites at, 

1 60. 

Cover r., 29, 31. 
Coverdale, 31, 32. 
Coverham Priory, Yorks, 29, 32. 
Cowdray Park, Sussex, 92. 
Cowley, near Oxford, 79. 
Coxford Monastery, Norf., 122. 
Craike Hall (castle) and vill, 

Yorks, 12, 94 (Crayke, or 

Creke). 

Cranborne, Dorset, 137, 151, 152. 
Cranbrook, Kent, 46, 62. 
Craven side, Yorks, 31. 
Cray, Kent, 47; river, 70. 
Crosford bridge, 5. 
Cross, ancient painted stone, at 

Reculver, 60. 
Croston, Lane., 8. 
Crow's Hall, Suffolk, 101. 
Croxton, Keyrial, 20. 
Cubberley, 131, 132. 
Cuddington, Nonsuch palace built 

there by Henry VIII, 121. 
Cudlow Haven, Sussex, 93. 

Dales of Yorkshire, 28. 
Dalton, near Beverley, 180. 
Danby Wiske, Yorks, 30, 31. 
Dane r., 4. 
Darent r., 70. 

Darlington and Tees banks, sub- 
terranean way between, 84. 
Darwen r., 8. 
Deal (Dale), 41, 48. 
Dearne r., 14. 
Debenham, Suffolk, 101. 
Deeping, Line., 115. 
Deer, red and fallow, 21, 28, 32, 

Deerhurst, 133, 151; abbey, its 
lands, and its antiquity, 134. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 205 



Delamere Forest, the Loos or 
dikes, 4. 

Derbyshire, i.e. West Derby hun- 
dred, Lane., 6. 

Derivations or meanings of words, 
Leland's attempts at, 119, 
121, 150, 168. 

Devonshire, aquae salsae in, 71. 

Dinas Castle, 166. 

Dodington, Clout., 130, 131, 

133- 

Don r., Yorks, 14, 128. 

Doncaster, 14, 15. 

Dore, Dour abbey, 164; castle, 
167. 

Dorsetshire, aquae dulces in, 71. 

Dorstone Castle, Here/., 166. 

Douglas r., 7, 8. 

Dover, 46, 49-51, 64; St. Mar- 
tin's College, 42, 50, 54, 55 ; 
relics of King Arthur in the 
castle, 55; gates, 63; hos- 
pitals, 70. 

Drayton, near Banbury, Oxen, 

79- 

Droitwich, Dertwiche, 4. 
Dud den sands, Lane., n. 
Dunevet, Cornw., 119. 
Dunham Massey, 5. 
Dunstable, Beds, 127. 
Durham, pools in called Hell 

kettles, 84. 
Dursley, Glouc., in; castle and 

quarry, 130, 132, 133. 
Dutton, 74. 

Dwarf or Dwery money, 167. 
Dysart Castle, constable of, 84. 

Easterlings in Boston, 181. 
? Eastnor (Eastenhaul), 133. 
Eaton Socon, Beds, castle and 

bridge, 22. 
Ebbeney in Oxney isle, Kent, 

63- 

Ebbw r. , its course, 84. 
Ecclesfield in Hallamshire, 14. 
Eccleston parish, Lane., 8. 
Eden r. and bridge, Carlisle, 34. 
Edgecroft, 6. 
Edington, Wilts, 106. 



Eggleston priory, 29. 
Ellenhall, Stafford^., 129. 
Ellerton, Yorks, 29. 
Elmley Isle, 58; castle, Wore., 

126, 136. 

Enfield Chase, 34. 
Epte r. (Hepta), Normandy, 120. 
Esher, 85. 
Esmerfield, 155. 
Essex, aquae dulces et salsae in, 

71. 

Estree, Kent, 55. 
Eton College, suit for land claimed 

by, 134- 

Evereux, in Normandy, 154. 
Evesham Abbey, Penwortham, a 

cell of, 8, 9; battle of, 126. 
Ewias Harold, Hereford*., 82; 

castle, 167. 
Ewias Lacy Castle, 167. 

Fairford, Glouc., 78. 

PFairlight, Sussex, 113. 

Farleigh, 45. 

Fame island and islets, 94, 123. 
See Lindisfarne. 

Faversham, 46, 58, 68. 

Felton and Asschet Castle, 
Northumb., 117. 

Ferrybridge, 13. 

Fir tree roots in Mosses, 2, 5, 7. 

Fish, freshwater, in Shropshire, 
Cheshire, Lancashire, I, 3; 
mussels and mullets in Kent, 
69. 

Fisharton, Wilts, 98. 

Fishbourne, 93. 

Fishtoft, near Boston, 182. 

Flodden Field, FitzWilliam killed 
at, 128. 

Folke, near Sherborne, 107. 

Folkestone, 42, 43, 44, 46, 49. 
50; castle-yard at, 64; an- 
tiquities and coins found, 64. 

Ford, Kent, 46, 62. 

Foreland, the, Kent, 60. 

Forests and parks : 
Alparc Park, 5. 

Antioch Wood, Stalbridge 
1 08. 



206 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Forests and parks continued. 
Bishop's Forest, Carmarthen, 

179. 

Blackmere Park, Salop, 2. 
Blackmore Forest, Dorset, 142 ; 

charter, perambulation, and 

feoffees of, 106. 
Bleasdale Forest, 10. 
Bowland Forest, 10. 
Brierley Park, 13. 
Brignel Park, Yorks, 30. 
Cannock Chase, Cank wood or 

forest, 82. 
Coomb Forest, Carmarthen, 

179. 
Dean, Forest of, 105 ; ruler of 

temp. Hen. VIII, 87. 
Delamere Forest, 4. 
Galtres Forest, 75. 
Gillingham Forest, 142 ; its size 

and feoffees, 107. 
Hexgrave Park, 18. 
Horwood Forest, Glouc., 131. 
Kingswood Forest, Glouc., 

140; boundaries of, 131. 
Leconfield Park, 180. 
Leighfield Forest, 20. 
Maxwell Forest, 4, 5. 
Melbury Park, Dorset, 73, 109. 
Middleham Castle, three parks 

belonging to, 26. 
New Forest, Hants, 142. 
Newhagg Park, Notts, 17. 
Okington Park, 141. 
Pilkington Park, 6. 
Ridley Park, 3. 

Rivers Park, Petworth, 78, 93. 
Rockingham Forest, 21. 
Sheffield Park, 14. 
Tabley Park, Cheshire, 5. 
Tanfield Park, Yorks, 31. 
Waterdon Forest, Sussex, 82. 
Worksop Park, 17. 
Worth, Forest of, Sussex, in. 
Wyredale Park, 10. 
Forthampton, 136. 
Fossil or semi -fossil fir tree roots 

in peat moss, 2, 5,7; ? fossil 

prints in cave near Tresgirth, 

Wales, 178. 



Fotheringay Castle, 92; college, 

134- 

Fountains Abbey, 29. 
Fowey r., course of from Codd 

Fowey, 128. 
Fowl, Wild, on Fame Island, 

123. 

Framlingham, Suffolk, 101. 
Freestone quarry at Hamdon, 73. 
Frieston, Line., 181. 
Friskney, Line., 181. 
Frognal, Kent, 87. 
Frome r., Here/., 165. 
Frome river and town, 74. 
Fuel, ling, peat, and turf, 32. See 

Coal. 

Furness Abbey, 1 1 . 
Fyrreland manor house, near 

Hornby Castle, Lane., 122. 

Gaddesden, 98. 

Gade r., 98. 

Gardens and orchards at Morley, 
Lane., 7. 

Garstang, 9, 10. 

Gast or Glaston meadow, site of 
the battle of Tewkesbury, 
A.D. 1490, 162. 

Gillingbeck (Ravensworth beck), 
27. 

Glasebury Castle on the Wye, 
165. 

Gloucester, honour of, its pos- 
sessors, 152, 153, 154. 

Gloucestershire, aquasalsa, South- 
wick, 71. 

Goats in Lancashire, n. 

Godmundham, Yorks, 180. 

Godstow, Oxon, 76. 

Goldcliff Priory, 134, 152, 153; 
under the Abbey of Bee, Nor- 
mandy, 53; appropriated to 
Tewkesbury, 160. 

Goodrich Castle, 167. 

Goodwin Sands, 54, 62. 

Gore End, Kent, 53, 60. 

Grain, Isle of, Kent, 48, 52, 58. 

Gravesend, 52, 88. 

Great Houghton, Yorks, 13. 

Great Stour r., 37. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 207 



Greenhaigh Castle, Lane., 9, 10. 
Greenwich, West, Sayes Court, 

88. 

Greet r., 18. 
Greetham, Rutland, 90. 
Greta r., course of, and bridge, 28, 

30- 

Grimsby, 181. 
Grinton, Yorks, 26, 29, 30. 
Guisborough, 12. 
Guisnes, Gisney, Genney, 145. 
Gwash r. , Line. , course of, 90. 

Hailes Abbey, 104. 
Hakesbury Manor, 102. 
Hallamshire, 14. 
Hallaton, Leie., 21. 
Hamdon Hill, Somerset, 122. 
Hampshire, aquadulcis, 71. 
Hanging Langford, Wilts, 100. 
Hanley Castle, Wore., 135, 159, 

1 60. 

Hanslap Manor, Bucks, 125. 
Harberton, Devon, 72. 
Hard wick upon Lyne 1 Derby s, 

15- 

Harpham in the Wold, Yorks, 180. 
Harpsden, near Henley, Oxon, 

101, 160. 

Hartley, near Cerne Abbas, 107. 
Harty, Isle of, 58, 68. 
Haseldene, 101, 102. 
Haslebury, 107. 
Hastings, 49, 113, 114. 
Hatfield Broadoak priory, 147. 
Haughmond Abbey, Salop, I. 
Hay Castle and town wall, 166. 
Healy Castle, Staffords, 129. 
Heding (Agyding) brook, Lane., 

? part of Glaze brook, 6. 
Hemel Hempstead, Herts, 98. 
Hemmick Castle, 74. 
Heneforth, i.e., Hereford, 164, 

165. 

Hereford Castle, 166. 
Herefordshire, extent of, 164; 

rivers in, 165; castles, 165- 

167; market towns, 166; 

aquadulcis, 71. 
Herne, Kent, 43, 46, 53, 59, 69. 



Hertfordshire and Essex, Shere 

lake and river Lea dividing, 

112. 

Hexgreave Park, 18. 
Higham, Kent, 88. 
Higham Ferrers, 22, 33. 
Hii or Jona (one of the Hebrides 

isles), monastery of, 94. 
?Hill Court, Glouc., 112. 
Hinton, Somerset, 72. 
Hipswell, PWiclif s birthplace, 28. 
Hoby, Leic., 120. 
Holbeach, 115. 
Holderness, 180. 
Holland, Low, Line., 115. 
Holme Castle and hill, Earl of 

Gloucester's house, 134, 137. 
Holyfield, Essex, 112, 113. 
Hooke Court (Park), Dorset, 72. 
Hornby Castle, Yorks, 26, 33. 
Hornby Castle, near Lane., 122. 
Hornby Grange, 31. 
Hospitals, in Berkshire, 7 1 ; Buck* 

ingham, 71; Hampshire, 71; 

Kent, 70; Northampton, 71; 

Shropshire, 71; Somerset, 71; 

Sussex, 70. 

Hougham, Line., 124. 
Houghton. See Great Houghton. 
Hoveringham ferry, 18. 
Hull r. and the bridge at Holme, 

1 80. 

Hurnber r., 180. 
Hungerford, 130. 
Hythe, Old or West, 46, 49, 56 ; 

and New, 64, 65. 

Ilchester bridge over Yeo r., no. 
Inisruyn, British name of Isle of 

Thanet, 53. 
Irk r., 6. 
Irwell r., 5; and bridge, 6. 

Jersey and Guernsey, 160. Set 

Channel Islands. 
Jerusalem, Order of St. John of, 

prior killed at Tewkesbury 

battle, 163. 
Jervaulx Abbey, 21, 31. 



208 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Keer r., n. 

Kenbrook r., Here/., 165. 

Kenchester, Offa's palace, 167. 

Kendall, 12, 75. 

Kenilworth, 104; Tancrevilles 

buried in the priory chapter 

house, 128. 

Kennet r., Wilts, 130. 
Kenninghall Place, Norf., 120. 
Kent, its commodities and virtues, 

57 ; aquae dukes et salsae in, 

70; hospitals, 70. 
Kent r., Westmoreland, 12. 
Kentish Town, near London, 79. 
Kettering, 22. 
Ketton, 90. 
Kew, 86. 
Keynsham (Cainsham) priory, 

139, 153- 

Killarby Castle, ruins of, Yorks, 
26. 

Kingston-upon-Thames, 85, 86, 
Three hams belonging to, 
Petersham, Richmond, and 
Kew, 86. 

Kingswood, Glouc., monastery of 
St. Mary, 101, 102 ; boun- 
daries of the forest, 131. 

Kirby Bellars, priory, 19. 

Kirby village on the Wiske, Yorks, 

Kirkham Abbey, 33. 
Kirklington, 18. 
Kirton, Line., 115. 
Knaresborough Castle, 71. 
Kneeton, Yorks, 28. 



Lancaster Castle, n. 
Langar village and house, 19. 
Langdon, Kent, 49. 
Langley Abbey, Norf., 95. 
Lantrissant Church appropriated to 

Tewkesbury Monastery, 157. 
Latin forms of some northern 

names, in. 

Laughton, near Axholme, 128. 
Laund Priory, 20, 21. 
Lea r. (Luye or King's stream), 

course and arms of, 112, 113. 



Lead ore, 26, 32. 

Leconfield, Yorks, 180. 

Lediate Moss, 7. 

Lee, near Ross, 164. 

Leeds Priory, Kent, 43. 

Leeming village and beck, 30. 

Leighcomb, Glouc., 8l. 

Leighfield forest, 20, 21. 

Leigh parish, West Derby hun- 
dred, Lane., 7. 

Leland or Leyland hundred and 
parish, Lane., 8. 

Lemington, Glouc., 79. 

Leominster, 165, 1 66; meaning of, 
124. 

Lesnes Abbey, Kent, 74. 

Leveden, near Oundle, 97. 

Lewston, Dorset, 142. 

Liberal sciences at Stamford, 89, 
90. 

Lincolnshire, East, sketch map of, 
showing Northlode and Bar- 
lode lakes, 181 n. See Fac- 
simile. 

Lindisfarn and its bishops, 94; 
possessions given by Kings 
Egfrid and Ceolwulph,94,95. 

Lingfield College, Surrey, 118. 

Lipyeate, Glouc., 81. 

Litcham, Norf., 116. 

Littlehampton, 93. 

London, Hart Lane and Tower 
Street, 34; Thames Street 
and New Fish Street, 86; 
Charter House Church, 100; 
St. Sepulchre's Church, 101; 
Augustine Friars, 105; 
Bishop's Hall at Bethnal 
Green, 117; St. Mary 
Overey, Southwark, 128. 

Longtown Castle of Ewias, 167. 

Loose r. and village, Kent, 45. 

Ludlow and the Marches of Wales, 
80; Ludlow bridge, 164. 

Lug r., 165. 

Lugubalia, 115. 

Lugwardine, 115. 

Lul worth, 1 1 8. 

Lune r. (Lane), 122; and bridge, 
II. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 209 



Luton, 34, 121 ; Somerrise 

House, 121, 122. 
Lydd, Kent, 49, 67. 
Lydlinch, Dorset, 107. 
Lyminge, 49. 
Lympne or Lymne (Lynhil), 46, 

49, 56, 64; river, 56, 63; 

fortress and Court of Shepway 

(Cinque ports), 65, 66. 
Lynn, 115. 

Lyonshall Castle, Here/., 166. 
Lytham, 7. 

Maiden Castle described, Yorks, 

3' 3 2 - 
Maidstone, 38, 45, 62; town and 

castle, 47. 

Maldon, merchant of, 87. 
Malleting, in Altoft parish, Yorks, 

91. 

Mai pas, 4. 

Manchester, 4, 5, 6; old Man- 
castle, 6. 

Mangotsfield, Glouc., 131. 
Mansfield, 15, 17. 
Mansion, Dorset, 108. 
Mapelart or Mapherald Castle, 

1 66, 167. 
Margate, 60, 61. 

Marl borough town and castle, 130. 
Marrick town and priory on the 

Suale, 29. 

Marsh Chapel dock, Line., 181. 
Marshfield Nunnery, 139. 
Marske village, near Richmond, 

Yorks, 28, 30. 
Massingham, 96. 
Mattesheld, Wore., 81. 
Maxey Castle, Northants, 115. 
Maxwell Forest, 4, 5. 
Meaux (Mewsenbry), in France, 

179. 

Medborne, 21. 

Meden r. (Budby water), 17, 18. 
Medlockr., 5. 
Medway r. and bridges, 45, 57, 

70. 

Melbury Park, Dorset, 73, 109. 
Melbury river and bridge, 1 10. 
Melcomb Horsey, 108, 109. 
IV. 



Melton Mowbray, 19. 

Mereden, Herts, 98. 

Merivale, 158. 

Mersey r. , 5. 

Merton Priory, Surrey, 85. 

Met ham, 63. 

Middleham upon Ure, Micllam, 

25, 161 ; castle and three 

parks, 26, 31, 33. 
Middlewich, 4. 
Milcote, Warm., 79. 
Milford, Yorks, 13. 
Mill stones, quarry for, 8. 
Milton creek and town, Kent, 42, 

58, 59, 88- 
Milton, Dorset, 106. 
Minchin Hampton, Glouc., 133. 
Minster, in Sheppey, Kent, 58; 

in Thanet, 60, 61. 
Misbourne r., Amersham, 98. 
Mitha or Mutha Wood, i.e., the 

Mythe Hill near the Severn, 

'SS- 

Moats and dykes, 135. 
Mordiford village, Heref., 165. 
More or Ver r., Herts, 98. 
Morley, Lane., 6, 7, 10. 
Mortham Tower, 28, 30. 
Mortlake, 86. 
Morton Corbet, I. 
Mountferrant Castle, Yorks, 33. 
Mountjoy Castle in Spain, 132. 
Mulgrave Castle, 33. 
Myerscough, Lane., 9. 



Nantwich, 4, 75. 

Nappa, Nocastle, Yorks, 28, 33, 

86. 

Naunton Hall, Rendlcsham, Suf- 
folk, 75. 

Nectansmere ? 94. 
Nene r., 22, 121, 122. 
Newark-upon-Trent, 16. 
Newborough, near Lytham, 7. 
Newburgh Priory, Yorks, 12. 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, 117, 118; 

the Wall-knoll, 118. 
Newenden, Kent, 63. 
Newenham Abbey, 33. 



2IO 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Newhagg Park, formerly near 

Worksop, 17 (only Hagg Hill 

now remains of this name). 
Newport Pagnell, 115, 118. 
Newstead Abbey, 15. 
Newstead Priory, Line., 89. 
Newton in Macrefield, 8. 
Newton St. Loe, Glouc., 133. 
Nibley, Glouc., 105; hill or Knoll, 

132. 

Norfolk, aquae dukes in, 71. 
Norham, 95. 
Normandy, rivers Epte and 

Couesnon, 120. 
Normanton, Yorks, 91. 
Northallerton, 30. 
Northampton, 97; hospital, 71; 

aquae dulces, 71; Clifford 

Hill, 122. 

Northburn, Kent, 48. 
Northmouth, Wantsum r., Kent, 

60. 

Northwich, 3, 4. 
Norwich city wall, 33. 
Nostell or St. Oswald's, Yorks, 

13- 

Nottingham, 16, 19. 
Nunny Delamare, Somerset, 98. 

Okeford, Dorset, 109. 

Okington Park, 141. 

Ospringe, 42, 68 ; river, 70. 

Ostanger, 34. 

Otterden, Kent, 43. 

Oundle, 121, 122. 

Ouse r., Yorks, 12. 

Over, near Bristol, 132, 133, 141. 

Overton House, near Prestbury, 

134. 

Owston abbey, 20. 

Oxney, Isle of, 56, 63, 68. 

Oxford, Chicheley's College, i; 
Oriel College (Regale), chron- 
icle of, 58 ; Friars preachers, 
147; Peckwater's Inn, 165. 

Oysters at Whitstable, 69. 

Paris, monastery of St. Diony- 

sius, 134. 
Paulet, near Bridgewater, 71. 



Payne Castle on the Wye, 165. 
Pecforton, 3. 
Pembridge, Here/., 166. 
Penhill Beacon, Yorks, 26. 
Penkridge, 82. 
Penwortham, Lane., 8, 9. 
Peover r., 5. 

Perche, in Normandy, 100. 
Pershore monastery, 151. 
Petherton, Somerset, 122. 
Petty pool, Cheshire, 3. 
Petworth, honour of, 77, 78; 

market town, 92; the More 

House in Petworth parish, 

92 ; Baienet manor house 

near, 78, 92. 
Pevemarsh, Essex, 75. 
Pickenham, Norf., 116. 
Picts Wall, figures of horse-shoes 

near, 33. 

Piddletrenthide, 116. 
Piecebridge on Tees, 27. 
Pier for ships at Ramsgate, 61. 
Pilkington house and park, 6. 
Pincerna regis, tenure by service 

of, 119. 

Pinfulley r., 165, 
Pinners in Sherburn, Yorks, 13. 
Pipewell Abbey, 31. 
Plague at Norwich, Yarmouth, and 

Lynn, 122. 
Pleshey, 93; college, 69; castle, 

121. 

Pontefract, 13. 
Pontesbury, Salop, 116. 
Popham Dene, Somerset, 100. 
Prees, I. 

Prestbury, Glouc., 134. 
Preston, 8, 9, 10. 
Pritwell, Essex, 93. 
Purton, Glouc., 51. 

Quarries of stone, 73, 141. 

Queenborough, Kent, 51, 52, 58, 
82. 

Queen's Camel (Camallate), Dor- 
set, 107, 132. 

Raglan Castle, 91. 
Rain worth r., 17. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 211 



Ramsbury, Wilts., 130. 

Ramsgate, 61. 

Ranton Abbey, 129. 

Ratesburgh. See Richbo rough. 

Rawcliff, 9. 

Ravensworth Castle, 27. 

Reading, Berks, Leominster Ab- 
bey belonging to, 166. 

Reading, Kent, 63. 

Reculver, 42, 46, 52, 53; the 
church, old abbey, and painted 
cross therein, 59, 60, 61. 

Redbourne, Herts, 98. 

Reigate, in. 

Rendlesham, Suff., 75. 

Retford, West and East, 16, 17. 

Ribble river and bridge, 8, 9. 

Richborough (portus Rutupi) or 
Ratesburgh, Kent, 50, 51, 54, 

t5 ; castle and antiquities, 61, 
2. 

Richmondshire, 29, 75 ; rivers in, 
and their dales, 30-32. 

Richmond, Yorks, town and castle, 
24, 25, 26, 28; archdeaconry, 

30- 

Rickmansworth, 98. 
Ridge way, the, Glouc., 131. 
Ridley Park and Place, Cheshire, 

Ringwood hundred, Hants, 142. 

Ripon, 31, 94. 

Rivers Park, 93. 

Rivington Pike, or Fairlock, Lane. , 

Robertsbridge, 62. 

Rochester bridge, 52 ; chapel, 

names from table in, 44. 
Rochester Castle and town, 45, 

46, 57; hospital, 70; church 

burnt, 125. 
Rockingham Castle and forest, 21, 

121. 

Rodenr., Salop, \. 
Rollright Stones, Oxon, 79, 81. 
Roman coins and remains, 11, 

20, 50, 60, 62, 66, 85, 131, 

167. 

Romney, 49, 67; marsh, 66, 67. 
Rose or Ros Castle, 55. 



Ross, town and bishop's palace. 

Heref., 166. 

Rostherne church and mere, 5. 
Rother river and bridges, 63; 

West river and bridge, 92. 
Rotherham, 14, 15. 
Rufford Abbey, 15, 17 ; village, 

17- 
Rugby, dykes of ancient hall, 

118. 

Rushton,nearKettering,97; New- 
ton by Rushton, 97. 
Rutland, legend as to its origin, 

124; boundary by Stamford, 

89. 
Rye, 49, 63. 



St. Agatha's Abbey, Yorks, 29. 

St. Alban's, 98. 

St. Claire on the Epte r. in Nor- 
mandy, origin of the St. Clere 
family, 120. 

St. Cuthbert's birds and puffins, 
123. 

St. Margaret's Cliff, Kent, 48, 
49. 

St. Martin's Priory, Yorks, 29. 

St. Mary Overey, South wark, 
128. 

St. Michael's Mount Castle, 1 16. 

St. Michael's on Wyre, 9. 

St. Radegund, Dover, 44, 51. 

St. Susanne in Normandy, 100. 

Salfordshire, 5, 6. 

Salt in Cheshire, 4 ; salt coots or 
cotes in Lancashire, 10, u. 

Saltfleet haven, 181. 

Saltwood Castle and parish, Kent, 

65- 

Sanctuary at Beverley, limits of, 
marked by crosses, 180; in- 
scription on the Frithstool, 
1 80. 

Sanford, near Sherborne, 107. 

Sandford Peverel, Devon, 72. 

Sandwich, Kent, 46, 48 ; battle of, 
54, 61, 62. 

Sandy ford brook, 3, 

Sarre, a Thanet ferry, 61. 



212 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Savick r., 9. 

Saxon pin found in Kent, 49. 

Saxton, Yorks y bones from battle 

of Towton buried there, 77. 
Sayes Court, Kent, 88. 
Scorbrough, 180. 
Selling village, Kent, 42. 
Sessay, Yorks, 128. 
Severn r., I, 125, 133, 134, 135. 
Shaftesbury, 142, 153. 
Shalbourne village and river, Wilts, 

ISO- 
Sheffield, 14, 15. 

Sheppey, Isle of, 52, 57 ; its fer- 
ries, 58. 

Sherburn, Yorks, 13, 77. 
Shrewsbury, I ; hospital, 7 1 ; Grey 

Friars, 76. 
Shute, Devon, 120. 
Sibertswold, Kent, 41. 
Sigglesthorn, Yorks, 180. 
Silchester, strange features of the 

ground, no. 

Sinnington, near Ripon, 33. 
Sion Abbey, Isleworth, alien 

priory at Lancaster given to, 

n. 
Sittingbourne, 42, 58, 68, 87, 88; 

hospital at Pokeshall near, 

88. 

Skegness, 181. 
Skell r., 29, 31. 
Slindon, Sussex, 93. 
Smallhead, Kent, 63. 
Smite r., 19. 
Smiths and cutlers, 14. 
Snape Castle, 26, 27. 
Snodhill Castle, Here/., 166. 
Snodland, King's Snod, 70. 
Sodbury, Glouc., 131. 
Soham, 101. 
Somersetshire, aquae dulces in, 

71; hospitals, 71. 
Southampton, Hampton, 78. 
South Shields, 94. 
Southwell, mills and archbishop's 

palace, 18. 

Southwick monastery, Hants, 160. 
Sparsholt, Berks, 99. 
Spurstow, 3. 



Springs of water from chalk hills, 
42, 50. 

Stainmore, Yorks, 32. 

Stalbridge, Dorset, 107. 

Stamford, Line . , 88, 90 ; as privi- 
leged town, 89; halls for 
students, 89. 

Stamford Bridge, Yorks, 33. 

Standish, Lane., 8. 

Stanford, Northants, 91. 

Stanwey, Glouc., 136, 138, 151. 

Stan wick Park, 31. 

Stares, i.e., starlings, 3. 

Sterborough Castle, Surrey, 118. 

Stirling, battle of, 140, 156. 

Stittenham, Yorks. y 75. 

Stoke sub Hamdon, 73. 

Stonar, Kent, 48. 

Stone Castle, Kent, 69. 

Stone Street, Kent, 66. 

Stour r., Dorset, 109. 

Stour, Stur r., Kent, 60, 69; 
course of, 70. 

Stowell, Glouc., 78. 

Studley Abbey, 129. 

Sturminster, 107; castle, 106, 

Sussex, aquae dulces et salsae in, 
71 ; hospitals, 70. 

Sutton-in-the-Forest, Yorks, 12. 

Sutton on the Lug, Offa's palace, 
167. 

Sutton Pointz, Dorset, in. 

Sutton Valence, 88. 

S waff ham, 116. 

Swaler., 25, 26, 30. 

Swaledale, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32. 

Swilgate r., 137. 

Swingfield, Kent, 43. 

Sywell, Northants, 97. 

Tabley Park, Cheshire, 5. 

Tamarton, 116. 

Tanfield Castle, 27; woody park, 

31- 

Tarrant Crawford, 109. 
Tatham, Lane., 122. 
Teddington, Wore., 138. 
Tees r., 27, 28, 29, 30, 31. 
Templars at Dover, 50; Canter- 
bury, 59. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 213 



Temple Ewell, near Dover, 50. 

Tenterden, 62, 68. 

Teston, Kent, 45. 

Tetbury, 102, 131, 132, 135. 

Tew, Oxon, 76. 

Tewkesbury, park and manor 
house, 134, 136; town and 
bridge, 136, 137, 154; battle 
of, 1470, on Gast field, and 
names of those killed, 162. 

Tewkesbury, early priory of Bene- 
dictines, 138; foundation of 
monastery and legend of the 
name, 150, 156; abbey owned 
lordship of Deerhurst, 134, 
140 ; abstract of Chronicle of 
events, 150-161. 

Thame, old, new, and Priest's 
end, 35. 

Thames r., 52, 58. 

Thanet, Isle of, 48, 60; British 
and Roman names, 53 ; ferry 
at Sarre, 61. 

Thorn, a great quay near Favers- 
ham, 68. 

Thome, near Stanford, Northants, 
91. 

Thornbury Castle, Glouc., inscrip- 
tion over the gate, 106. 

Thornham Castle, Kent, 46. 

Thornhill, Dorset, 142. 

Thornton Bridge, 33. 

Thorpe Waterville Castle, North- 
ants, 120. 

Thurgarton village and priory, 18. 

Tickhill, 15, 115. 

Tilbury salt water, 70. 

Tintern Abbey, 101. 

Toddenham, ? Glouc., 83. 

Tonbridge, Kent, 45. 

Tonge, Kent, 42, 58; castle, 68,87. 

Torre Brient, Devon, 73. 

Towton field, near Sherburn, 
Yorks, 77, 

Trade, battle of, 114. " le Trade," 
the roadstead in front of 



Brest haven (? modem le Gou- 
kt): memorable for two 
naval engagements, in 1512, 
and 1513 on 25th April, when 
Admiral Edward Howard was 
killed. The text probably re- 
fers to the second. See " Lett, 
and Papers, Hen. VIII," 
vol. i, No. 4,005. 

Trematon Castle, Cornw., 116. 

Trent r., 18, 19. 

Truham in the New Forest, 142. 

Tuddington, Beds., 127. 

Twiford on the Aln r., 94. 

Twyford Bridge over Medway, 45. 

Twyning parish, Glouc., 135. 

Ulcombe, Kent, 43. 
Upton on Severn, 135. 
Ure r., 29, 30; course of, 31. 
Usk r., 84. 

Ulster (Ultonia, Holvestre), 155, 
156. 

Vale Royal, 3. 

Vineyard, The, Pin Kent or Es- 
sex, 56. 

Vennones, men of Wensleydale, 
28. 

Verneuil, 100. 

Vitro Castle, Naples, 147, 148. 

Wade, Norf., 116. 

Wainfleet, Line., 115, 181. 

Wakefield, 91. 

Wales, scattered events and dates 
in history, 124-126; marches 
of, 165, 167; brief notes of 
early personages and places, 
168; abstract chronicle from 
? Brut y Ty wysogion and An- 
nales Menevensis, 168-177, 
182. 

Wales, persons and places l (not 

including Herefordshire). 
Aberdovey Castle, 176. 



1 The abstract notes from the Welsh Chronicle, pp. 168-177, have 
only been indexed for the bishops of St. David's and the names of 
castles. See Prefatory Note. 



2I 4 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 






Wales, persons and places con- 
tinued. 

Aber Eynaun Castle, 177. 
Aber Gevenny, 161, 167. 
Aber Tewi, 175, 177. 
Arthur, son of Peter, 168. 
Bishop's Forest, Carmarthens, 

179. 

Bishopstown, alias Bist, 85. 
Brecknock, 125 ; Normans 

build castle, 173. 
Brwynllys Castle, 166. 
Builth Castle, 125, 165, 177. 
Cair Honaun Castle, 177. 
Canter Cely, Brecknock, 86, 87. 
Cardiff, 154, 157, 158. 
Cardigan Castle, 176. 
Carmaron Castle, 177. 
Carmarthen, abbot of, 168; 

town burnt, 175; haven, 180; 

castle, 176, 177. 
Carreg Kennen Castle, 177, 

179. 

Castle Gough, 84, 91. 
Caverns or holes near Tresgirth, 

and the head of Gwendraeth 

vechan rivers, 178; and near 

head of Kennen river in the 

Black Mountain, 179. 
Cefnllys Castle, Radnor, 125. 
Clare Castle, 177. 
Coetmore Castle, 168. 
Coomb Forest, Carmarthens, 

179. 

Dinas Craig, 178. 
Dryslwyn Castle, on the Towy, 

179. 

Estrat Meuric Castle, 176. 
Green Castle, Carmarthens, 

180. 
Gresmont Castle, Monmouth, 

167. 

Guyn Castle, 167. 
Gwendraeth vawr and G. vechan 

rivers, 178. 
Haverford, church of St. 

Thomas, 177. 

Is Kennen, Carmarthens, 178. 
Joyous Card Castle, 179. 
Kennen r., 178, 179. 



Kerry and Kidowen, Montgom., 

167. 
Kidwelly village, 168, 178, 

179. 

Kilgerran, 168, 174. 
Landamas Castle, 167. 
Llancanery? Castle, 179. 
Llandeilo Vaur, 179. 
Llan Dewi r. , 179. 
Llandovery, Lanandeueri, 

Castle, 177. 
Llanhaden, Llan Huateni, 

Castle and fields, 168. 
Llan isan, Abbot Cuhelin, 168. 
Llansanfraed Castle, Brecknock, 

167; abbot, 168. 
Llan Stephan on Towy r., 179; 

castle, 176. 
Lie Craig Castle, 178. 
Llyn tegowen, 178, 
Madua Castle, 168. 
Maes Hyveidd, 177. 
Mennydd Maur and Vechan, 

I 7 8. 
Mynyfc du, the Black Mountain, 

179, 1 80. 

Monmouth Castle, 167. 
Oswestry, Crois Oswald, 176. 
Pencoyd, 85. 

Pennalun, Abbot Laurod, 168. 
Rhuddlan Castle, 177. 
Rhyd y Gors Castle, 173, 174. 
St. Clare Castle, 177. 
St. David's, bishops of: 

Abraham, 173. 

Bernard, 176. 

Bledus, 172. 

David, 176. 

Eneuris, 170. 

Herbin, 172. 

Joseph, 172. 

Lunvert (Lwmbert), 170. 

Morcleis?, 170. 

Morgenew, 171. 

Novis, 170. 

Peter, 177. 

Ricemarch (Rikewarth), 174. 

Sadurnven, 169. 

Sulgenius, 172, 173. 

Wilfrid, 175. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 215 



St. David's Church, 177. 

Swansea Castle, 177. 

Tav r., 179. 

Towy r., 179. 

Tredegar, Mmmouth, 84. 

Tresgirth brook, Carmarthen, 

178. 
Venedotia, Elbod, bishop of, 

169. 

Villa Viech Castle, 177. 
Walverins Castle, 177. 
Welshpool, 167. 
Wentland, High and Low, 84, 

85- 

Wentlough, S. Wales, 84. 

Worme head, and cavern there, 
178. 

Yale Castle, 176. 
Walkington, Yorks., 180. 
Wallingford Hospital, 71. 
Walmer, 49. 
Waltham, 112, 113. 
Walton on Darwen, 8. 
Wansbeck r., 123. 
Wantsum r., Kent, 53, 60 . 
Warrington, 8. 
Warsop, 1 6. 

Warton, Lanc. t u; Here/., 165. 
Warwick village, near Carlisle, 

34* 

Wash, the, Line., 115. 

Waters, usually rivers, fresh and 
salt, names from an old book 
of those in the counties Kent, 
Sussex, Hampshire, Dorset, 
Somerset, Devon, Essex, 
Norfolk, Northampton, 

Bucks, Gloucester, Hereford, 
Shropshire, Cheshire and 
Yorkshire, 70, 71. 

Water brought in lead [pipes] at 
Petworth, 92. 

Watford, 98. 

Weald of Kent, 56, 62; of Sussex, 
68,92. 

Weaver r. , 4, 5, 6. 

Welland r., 90. 

Welsh Bicknor Castle, 166. 

Wenning r., 122. 

Wensley, Yorks, 26, 27. 



Wensleydale, 27, 28, 30. 

Wensum r., A or/., 122. 

Went village, i. 

Weobley Castle and town, 166. 

Westbridge near Sherborne, 106. 

West Derby hundred, Lane., 6, 8. 

Westmoreland and Yorkshire 
boundary, 32. 

Whatton Hall, 19. 

Whitchurch, Salop, I, 2. 

Whitley Hall, Cheshire, 74. 

Whitstable, 46, 69, 70. 

Whitstone, Staff., 129. 

Whitsunday games, 20. 

Whittlesea, Hunts (but now 
Camb.\ 40. 

Wiclif, Richmondshire, 28. 

Wigan, 75. 

Wight, earl of, 142, 157; king of, 
1 60. 

Wilton Castle on the Wye, 167. 

Wimmerleigh, 10. 

Winchelsea, the old town and the 
new, 113, 114. 

Winchester hospitals, 71. 

Winchcomb Abbey, 135. 

Windrush river and village, 81. 

Windsor, castle ditch, 118; hom- 
age by James Stewart, K. of 
Scotland to Henry VI at, 
127. 

Winforton, Heref., 164. 

Wingfield Manor, Derbyshire, 14. 

Wingham College, Kent, 37. 

Wiscombe, Devon, 120. 

Wiske r., near Yorks, course of, 
30. 

Witham, Line., 123. 

Witton, Northumb., 118. 

Woburn Abbey, Bucks, 147. 

Wood, its value in husbandry, 7. 

Woodsford Castle, ? Dorset, 73. 

Woolwich, 112. 

Worksop alias Radford, 15, 16, 

17- 

Wormley, Herts, 112. 
Wotton-under-Edge, 105, 132, 

133. 

Wrangle, Line., 181. 
Wreak r., 19, 120. 



216 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Wressell Castle, 33, 74. 
Wye, town, Kent, 37, 38, 46, 70. 
Wye r., 164, 165, 166. 
Wymondham, Leic., 123. 
Wymondham, Norf., 119. 
Wyre r. , 9. 

Yalding, Kent, 45. 

Yarkhill, Here/., 165. 

Yarrow r., 8. 

Yaunton, near Barnstaple, 127. 

Yeor., 73, 109; bridges, 109, no. 



I Yeovil and bridge, 1 10. 

| Yetminster, Dorset, 106. 

I York, 12, 14; three parks of the 

archbishop of, 18. 
Yorkshire divisions, Richmond - 
shire, Cleveland and Craven- 
land, 31. 
Yorkshire dales, 30-32; castles, 

71; aquae dulces, 71. 
Yorkshire, East, sketch map, 
181 n. See Facsimile. 



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Stanford's G*og' Estib* Londo* 



DA Leland, John 

610 The itinerary of John 

L4 Leland 

1907 

v.4 



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