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Full text of "The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543. Edited by Lucy Toulmin Smith"

V. 



Foolscap 4/0. In five -volumes. 500 copies only of this 
Large Paper Edition. 



THE ITINERARY OF 
JOHN LELAND 

IN OR ABOUT THE YEARS 1 535-1 543 

NEWLY EDITED FROM THE MSS. 
BY 

LUCY TOULMIN SMITH 

VOL. I. Containing Parts I-III, with General Introduction, 
Portrait, and 2 Maps. i8j. net. 

VOL. II. Containing Parts IV and V, with an Appendix of 
Extracts from Leland's Collectanea, and a Map. izr. net. 

VOL. III. Containing Part VI (The Itinerary in Wales), with 
a Map. lor. 6d. net. 

VOL. IV. Containing Parts VII and VIII, with 3 Maps. 
12s. net. 

VOL. V. Containing Parts IX, X, and XI, with 2 Maps and a 
complete Index to the five volumes. iSs. net. 

The Volumes are supplied separately r , with the exception of 
Vol. Ill, which can only be obtained in sets. 



LONDON: G. BELL AND SONS, LTD. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY IN ENGLAND 
AND WALES 



LONDON : G. BELL AND SONS, LTD. 
PORTUGAL ST. LINCOLN'S INN, W.C. 
CAMBRIDGE : DEIGHTON, BELL & CO. 
NEW YORK: THE MACMILLAN CO. 
BOMBAY: A. H. WHEELER & CO. 



THE ITINERARY 

OF 

JOHN LELAND 

IN OR ABOUT THE YEARS 

15351543 
PARTS IX, X, AND XI 

WITH 

TWO APPENDICES, A GLOSSARY, AND 
GENERAL INDEX 

EDITED BY 

LUCY TOULMIN SMITH 




LONDON 

G. BELL AND SONS, LTD. 
1910 



> 

' 
. 




O 



CHISWICK PRESS : CHARLES WHITTINGHAM AND CO. 
TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE, LONDON. 



PREFACE 

OF the three parts comprised in this concluding 
volume only one, and that the shortest, viz. Part X, 
is consecutive narrative, written in the personal style 
of those in vol. i. Taking up the tale in Oxfordshire it 
moves about Berkshire, Wilts, Somerset, and Glouces- 
tershire, ending abruptly near Shaftesbury in Dorset. 
Some of the places had been visited before, but this 
may have been a separate tour, as is indicated by the 
route in blue on Map II. The building of the bridge 
between Culham and Abingdon in 1457, noted by 
Leland, gave Hearne the occasion for an interesting 
addition from a local record detailing the manner of 
the whole work, worthy of attention from an economic 
point of view ; this will be found in the appendix to 
Part X. Part IX consists of many notes better classified 
than usual, chiefly in the more northern counties; 
while Part XI, 1 which we owe to Stow's copy, contains 
many miscellaneous matters, topographical, personal, 
and historical, some of which formed the foundation of 
narrative in parts of vols. i and ii. Leland's route to the 
northern counties and back, partly drawn from these 
notes, is shown in blue on Map III. The bishops and 
bishoprics of Lincoln, Durham, Hereford, Canterbury 

1 No omissions have been made ; it was found better to print 
the whole part. See vol. i, Introd., p. vi. 

vii 



viii PREFACE 

and Worcester, are dealt with pretty fully how far 
the lists are accurate must be judged by special study. 
I have endeavoured to point out a few errors. An 
interesting series of notes from the lives of English 
saints is taken from John of Tynemouth's " Sancti- 
logium," and I am glad to have identified another set 
of lengthy extracts as taken from the " Mappa Mundi " 
by Gervase of Canterbury. These extracts give with 
varying fullness the lists of religious houses in Eng- 
land, and we may take it that Leland regarded them 
as still of some authority in his day. They might be 
compared with the long particulars of religious houses 
gathered together by Leland in the first MS. volume 
of his Collectanea (second edition by Hearne, 1774, 
vol> i, 25-123), and with other material at Cheltenham 
(see my vol. ii, p. 118 note\ all being of additional 
interest in view of Professor Savine's recent study of 
the " Valor Ecclesiasticus." 

Stow's copy of Part XI has itself lost eight leaves 
(see p. 136 note). While we are grateful for what he has 
preserved, it must be said that his careless Latin 
has given his editors much trouble. Frequent want 
of concord, and much mis-spelling, partly due, no 
doubt, to his not understanding contractions in the 
MS., partly to his very casual use of vowels, and 
occasionally to his following the mediaeval spelling, 
offended the modern scholar's sense, and Hearne took 
immense pains to remedy this by means of numerous 
little foot-notes; but even his meticulous eye grew 
tired and towards the end he dropped his correcting 
pen, or occasionally made alterations in the text with- 
out indicating them. This treatment seemed unneces- 
sarily tedious; I have therefore embodied most of 



PREFACE ix 

Hearne's corrections in the text without foot reference, 
placing a selection only of the MS. readings at the 
foot of the page, which serve as specimens of Stow ; 
and giving all cases where there is any question of 
meaning or identification. Comparison with the ori- 
ginal works quoted by Leland, where identified, has 
been also of much assistance. Though a few errors 
may occur, it is hoped that all requirements are thus 
fairly satisfied. 

A final appendix of Welsh matter (Glamorganshire) 
from the manuscript of Collectanea, vol. iii, closes the 
volume. It should be noted that all the extracts from 
Collectanea which belong to the Itinerary and are 
printed in this edition except that found in the 
Cheltenham MS. are taken from the MS. vol. iii; the 
most important are the " New Year's Gift," the notes 
and map of the Channel Islands, a large portion on 
Kent (vol. iv, pp. 47-70), the curious description of 
Anglesea, and further notes on Wales, the last of 
which I regret are not all gathered together in the 
volume on Wales owing to my imperfect knowledge 
of the Collectanea at the beginning of this undertak- 
ing. Reference to the General Index, which has been 
prepared with care and revision, and to the tables of 
counties, will, it is hoped, supply the needed links. 

For the third edition of Hearne's print of the Itiner- 
ary, 1768, Dr. Charles Lyttleton, bishop of Carlisle, 
sent a few emendations which were inserted by Mr. 
Pote the publisher ; three of these referring to names 
of places I add to the list of errata in the present 
volume ; others had been already made in the course 
of my collation. 

Leland is a valuable writer for the English philo- 



x PREFACE 

legist, quotations from his expressive Tudor language 
are scattered up and down the pages of the New 
Oxford Dictionary. A short glossary of disused or 
difficult words and senses is here appended to be near 
at hand for the reader. 

Regarding Leland himself two additions since my 
Introduction to vol. i have arisen. Thinking that the 
" commission " given him by King Henry VIII, under 
power of which he made his researches and journeys, 
might be now attainable, I have had a thorough 
search made once more among all the likely sources 
in the Public Record Office, but still without result. 
It does not appear on the Patent or the Close Rolls 
from 1533-1543, and Anthony Wood was perhaps mis- 
taken in affirming that it was under the " broad seal " 
(Introd., p. ix). The interesting fact has been shown 
me by Dr. James Gairdner that John Leland in 1546 
was holding from the Court of Augmentations a tene- 
ment in the parish of St. Botolph without Aldersgate, 
London, within the site of the late Charterhouse 
(Letters and Papers, Henry VIII, vol. xxi, Part i, 
p. 767). We may conjecture, therefore, that he set- 
tled in this house, and not in St. Michael's parish, at 
the end of his travels to write his works, and may 
have sent his " New Year's Gift " of 1 546 thence to 
the King ; further, that it may have been his brother 
John, who took charge of him during his insanity 
until he died, who actually lived in the parish of 
St. Michael le Querne, a supposition to which colour 
is lent by the fact that our John, the younger brother, 
was buried in the church of that parish. These con- 
jectures seem probable, but there being the two Johns 
we cannot tell with certainty (see Introd., pp. xiv, xv). 



PREFACE xi 

In conclusion it may be useful to give a note of the 
Leland manuscripts, or parts of manuscripts, in the 
British Museum l beyond those mentioned in vol. i, 
Introd., pp. xxviii-xxx, and in my Comparative Table 
in the same volume (p. xxxvi; see also vol. ii, p. 117). 
Some of these now indicated contain various extracts 
from the Itinerary ; the first two are notable on account 
of the eminent antiquaries William Camden and 
Francis Thynne, who made the respective collections. 
The third is a large folio, chiefly valuable because the 
first ninety leaves are in Leland's autograph hand; 
judging by size, shape, and contents they must prob- 
ably have once formed part of his Collectanea; the 
rest of the volume contains copies from various de- 
tached portions of the Itinerary (printed in our vols. 
iii, iv, v), including some of those culled from the third 
volume of Collectanea, and a copy of the whole of 
Part I; ending with ten leaves copied by William 
Burton from Collectanea and a letter. Perhaps the 
most interesting manuscript as regards the Itinerary 
is the Harl. 842, a small paper folio containing a 
number of selected extracts relating to thirty-five 
counties, also including the Itinerary passages from 
the third volume of Collectanea. The Leland portion 
of No. 5, one of the latest in date, is entirely devoted 
to extracts from the Itinerary, copied by several hands. 

I add references to the manuscripts containing 
similar extracts from Leland's general Collectanea, 
apart from the Itinerary. One of these also contains 
a small portion in autograph (No. io). 2 

1 Up till April, 1909 ; I do not know of any later acquisitions. 

2 Except for No. 5, in referring to the folios of manuscripts 
the old numeration is used. 



xii PREFACE 

1. Lansdowne 229; " W. Camden Miscellanea," 
dated 1573. Fos. 83-87^, notes from Parts IV, VI, 
and others of the Itinerary; fos. 88-98, or perhaps 99, 
" ex aliis diversis Collectaneis Johanni Leilandi." 

2. Cotton MSS., Cleopatra C. iii ; catalogued, " Col- 
lections of Mr. Fras. Thynne." Fos. 67^-87^, ex- 
tracts from Part II of the Itinerary, copied 17 Dec., 
1589, and signed F. Thynne. Fos. 179^, 199^-201, 
a few miscellaneous notes from Itinerary ; fos. 301-3 19^, 
extracts copied apparently by John Stow (judging 
by the hand and ink) from parts of Collectanea. 

3. Cotton, Julius C. vi. Folio. Nearly the whole is 
occupied by Leland. Fos. 1-90, truly described by a 
later hand, " Johannis Lelandi collectiones ex anti- 
quissimi authoribus desumptse quae ad Britanniam 
spectant manu ejusdem Lelandi scriptae." Among 
the writers quoted are Priscian, Polybius, Tacitus, 
Politian, Paulus Diaconus, Diodorus Siculus, Antonini 
Itinerarium, and John Boscatius De stagnis et paludi- 
bus: these leaves, like those in the Phillipps MS. 12111 
at Cheltenham, have been at some time separated from 
Leland's Collectanea : so far, I do not find them printed 
by Hearne, but this would require more investigation. 
After fo. 90 follow many extracts from the third 
volume of Collectanea, as well as some from the 
Itinerary, in a late sixteenth-century hand. Fos. 192- 
232 contain the whole of Part I copied by another 
(?) seventeenth-century hand. Fos. 233-243 are copies 
" Ex Collectaneis," and a letter to Selden, all in the 
hand of William Burton. 

4. Harleian 842, a small folio, of 93 leaves, paper 
Written by a hand of the late sixteenth or early seven- 
teenth century. Consists of extracts from the Itinerary, 



PREFACE 



Xlll 



orderly arranged according to the counties of England 
and Wales. 

5. Lansdowne 940, 4to, of 190 leaves. Fos. 122-154 
(pencil numbering); a collection of extracts from 
various parts of the Itinerary, written by various hands 
of seventeenth century. 

6. Lansdowne 825, fos. 19-21. Two leaves contain 
a partial list of names of counties and the towns along 
Leland's routes, taken from the parts of the Itinerary, 
in a large loose hand; they are endorsed on an out- 
side sheet, " An account of Leland's Itinerary." (Of 
no special value.) 

7. Harleian 6193, a square folio of 290 pages, 
written in a fine bold hand, titles rubricated ; title on 
p. i, "John Leland's Commentarys of England," that 
on the fly-leaf, " Johannis Lelandi Collectanea," ex- 
presses the contents of the volume, which is filled 
with copies entirely, I believe, from the Collectanea. 1 

8. Lansdowne 963 (from Bishop Kennett's col- 
lection). A small 8vo. MS. of 139 leaves, written in 
small hand of seventeenth century; fos. \$b-i6b have 
a few extracts "ex Collectaneis Johannis Lelandi, 
MS., 4to, vol. 2," a reference which appears to point 
to a lost volume of Leland's notes (the known MSS. of 
his Collectanea being all in folio), or it may be in- 
tended for Part II of the Itinerary, in which, as well 
as in Part III, one or two of the items occur (vol. i, 

1 Hearne wished to borrow all the " pieces of Leland " from 
Lord Harley's library, among which he notes some "originals" 
in Leland's hand. See Hearne to Humphrey Wanley, 23 Oct., 
1714, in Ellis's ''Letters of Eminent Literary Men," Camden Soc., 
1843, p. 355. I have not found any originals of the Itinerary in 
the Harleian collection. 



xiv PREFACE 

pp. 129, 265). Further extracts from the folio Col- 
lectanea, vol. i, occur on fos. 177 to about 186. 

9. Cotton, Vespasian B. xv, fo. 40. A page contain- 
ing lists of witnesses from eight or nine old charters, 
copied " ex Lelando," probably from Collectanea. 

10. Cotton, Vitellius C. ix. Fos. 234-239^ contain 
a copy from Leland's extracts from several old writers 
and his notes thereon, including the Sibilline verses 
on the Day of Judgment. Fos. 240-245 are in Leland's 
own hand, consisting of extracts from several Latin 
poets. It seems possible that these leaves, like others, 
may have dropped out of some quire of Leland's great 
collections. 

11. Stowe 305, fo. 296. Contains an extract from 
Collectanea, vol. i. 

12. Stowe 1048, eighteenth century. Fo. 12^, a 
page containing small notes from Collectanea, vol. iii. 

In drawing to a close a work full of details which 
has occupied the spare time of many years, while I 
am conscious of some errors or mistakes, I can truly 
say I have done my best to avoid them ; the further 
knowledge gained in the course of editing might have 
improved the earlier volumes had it been possible. 
I hope, too, that I have omitted little of importance. 
It is a pleasure to acknowledge my obligations and 
thanks for kind help to Messrs. F. Madan of the 
Bodleian Library, C. E. Doble, Professors Adam 
Kirkaldy and A. J. Herbertson, for the long loan of 
working books and maps; to the Rev. Travers 
Herford, Mr. A. S. Buxton of Mansfield, Mr. Francis 
Harrison of Bath, C. L. Kingsford, Esq., Mr. R. Blair 
of South Shields, Mr. W. H. Stevenson, the Hon. Miss 



PREFACE 



xv 



Bruce, Miss Fell Smith, for suggestions and assist- 
ance in some identifications of places; to Sir Edw. 
Maunde Thompson, Sir John Rhys, Dr. Craigie, and 
especially my old friend Sir James Murray, for valued 
help in explanation of certain words. Other acknow- 
ledgements have been made in the sections on Wales 
and the Channel Islands. Nor must I forget to own 
my gratitude to the patience and considerate friendli- 
ness of my kind publisher, Mr. Edward Bell, without 
whose encouragement I could not have carried through 
the work. 

L. TOULMIN SMITH. 

OXFORD, July 9, 1910. 






CONTENTS 

PAGES 

Preface ........ vii 

Errata xix-xx 

Conspectus of English and Welsh Counties in the 

five volumes xxi 

Maps and Illustrations in the five volumes . . xxii 
Concordance of Present Edition of the Itinerary 

with Hearne's printed text, 1744 . . . xxiii 
Glossary of the Archaic Words and Senses in the 

Itinerary xxiv-xxx 

Counties in this volume ..... xxxi 

Comparative Table concerning Part IX . . xxxii 

PART IX . 1-68 

PART X 69-111 

APPENDIX TO PART X. Burford, Culham, and 

Abingdon 113-118 

PART XI 119-233 

APPENDIX (WALES) 237-242 

GENERAL INDEXES TO THE WHOLE WORK: 

I. Index of Persons and Landowners . . 245-280 

II. Index of Places and Subjects . . . 281-352 

MAP II (blue route), for Part X. 

MAP III (blue route), partly from Part IX. 



v. 



ERRATA, VOL. V 

Page 8, note a., for " Amphtill " read " Ampthill." 

10, line 8 from bottom, for "Hampton Court" read 

" Westwood in Hampton Lovet." (Bishop Lyttleton.) 
Page 15, note c,for " Wumbridge " read " Wombridge." 

28, for " Lestewich " read " Leftwich." 

29, for " Letewich " read " Leftwich." 

32 in margin, transfer " Lincolnshire " opposite " Mar- 

ket-Kesten." 

Pages 35, 36, for " Hutetost" read " Hutetoft." 
Page 46, line 5 from bottom, for " Kenne nuage " read 

" Kenne ? village." 
Page 72, note b.^r " Besils " read " Bessels." 

117, line 28, after "Abendon" insert note "A verb 

is omitted here, the line should read ' The good lord of 

Abendon gave of his londe.' " 
Page 155, line i margin,/0r " Warwicks" read " Gloucester." 

211, line 22, for "Deus dedit" read "Deusdedit" 

[proper name]. 
Page 223, line 25, for " parre " read " Parre." 

298, item Clothiers, insert " Trowbridge, i, 136 " before 

"Bath." 



ADDITIONAL ERRATA 
VOL. I 

Page xviii, note 2, line 4, for " p. x, note " read " p. xxiv, 

note 2." 
Page xxxvi " Comparative Table," in note 3, instead of the 

last clause read for pages 126-145, 149-152; 161, 204, 

see vol. iv, pp. 47-71, 164-167; 180-182. 
Page 6, line i^for "Thorfpe water mill" read "Thorfpe 

Waterville." 

xix 



xx ADDITIONAL ERRATA 

Page 25, line 6, to word "Marteres" insert note, " Mar- 
monstier Abbey, at Tours." 

Page 136, line 3 from bottom, to word "Alexandre" insert 
note, " Mr. Francis Harrison of Bath suggests that Leland 
omitted the name Langford, no clothier surnamed Alex- 
ander being found in Wilts. Alexander Langford was a 
well-known clothier of the time and was ancestor on the 
mother's side of Edward Hyde, Lord Clarendon." 

Page 1 88, line 3, to word " Godolcan " insert note, " Godol- 
phin." 

Page 189, line i, to word " Ludewin " insert note, " Ludgvan." 
189, line 8 from bottom, to word "Revier" insert 
note, "PGodrevy"; line 3 from bottom, to word "Tre- 
heddy " insert note, " Tehidy." 

Page 237, line 1 1 from bottom, for " Tregor " read " Tregoz." 
324, note *, for " Penpoll " read " Polperro." 

VOL. II 

Page vii, Counties, Essex, insert "p. 25." 
25, margin, under figure " fo. 44 " insert " Essex." 
25, note o,for " Henham " read " Castle Hedingham." 
52, line 6, to word " Coukfeild " insert note, "Cook- 
hill." (Bishop Lyttleton.) 

Page 62, line 10, to word " Hertlebury " insert note, " Hart- 
pury." 

Page 90, line 20, to word " Bloxham " insert note, " Blockley." 
(Bishop Lyttleton.) 

Page 168, line 20, for "sundator " read " fundator." 

VOL. Ill 

Page 1 6, note g,for " Dyvodwg " read " y Vodwg." 

VOL. IV 

Page 54, note a, for " Estree " read " Eastry." 
70, line 9 from bottom, to word " Cantuarise " insert 
note, " That is, the Mappa Mundi by Gervase of Canter- 
bury. See our vol. v, p. 191 n." 

Page 97, margin, jfc/- " Derby" read " Cheshire." 



CONSPECTUS OF ENGLISH AND WELSH 
COUNTIES IN THE FIVE VOLUMES 



Anglesea, vol. in. 
Bedfordshire, i, iv, v. 
Berkshire, i, n, iv, v. 
Buckinghamshire, i, n, v. 
Brecknockshire, m. 
Cambridgeshire, i, n. 
Cardiganshire, in. 
Carmarthenshire, in, iv. 
Carnarvonshire, HI. 
Channel Islands, iv. 
Cheshire, in, iv, v. 
Cornwall, i, iv, v. 
Cumberland, v. 
Denbighshire, in. 
Derbyshire, i, n, v. 
Devonshire, i, iv, v. 
Dorsetshire, i, iv, v. 
Durham, i, n, iv, v. 
Essex, n, iv, v. 
Flint, in. 

Gloucestershire, i, n, in,iv,v. 
Glamorganshire, in, iv, v. 
Hampshire, i, n, iv. 
Herefordshire, n, in, iv, v. 
Hertfordshire, i, iv. 
Huntingdonshire, i, n. 
Kent, 11, iv, v. 



Lancashire, n, iv, v. 
Leicestershire, i, n, iv, v. 
Lincolnshire, i, n, iv, v. 
Merionethshire, in. 
Middlesex, i, n. 
Monmouthshire, n, in, iv. 
Montgomeryshire, in, iv. 
Norfolk, i, n, iv. 
Northamptonshire, i, n, iv, v. 
Northumberland, iv, v. 
Nottinghamshire, i, n, iv, v. 
Oxfordshire, i, n, in, iv, v. 
Pembrokeshire, in. 
Radnorshire, n, in. 
Rutlandshire, i, iv, v. 
Shropshire, n, in, iv, v. 
Somersetshire, i, iv, v. 
Staffordshire, n, iv, v. 
Suffolk, n, v. 
Surrey, n, iv. 
Sussex, n, iv. 
Warwick, n, iv, v. 
Westmorland, iv, v. 
Wiltshire, i, n, iv, v. 
Worcestershire, n, in, v. 
Yorkshire, i, n, v. 



xxi 



MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE FIVE 
VOLUMES 

VOL. I. FRONTISPIECE, BUST OF LELAND. 

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF MANUSCRIPTS AND EDI- 
TIONS. 

MAPS I, II (red route). 
II. MAP III (red route). 

III. MAP OF WALES. 

IV. MAP OF KENT, p. 47. 

FACSIMILE MAP OF YORKSHIRE AND LINCOLNSHIRE 

COASTS, p. 1 80. 
FACSIMILE MAP OF CHANNEL ISLANDS, p. 182; 

REDUCED SKETCH OF THE SAME, p. 184. 
MAP III (blue route), partly from Part VII. 
V. MAP II (blue route), for Part X. 

MAP III (blue route), partly from Part IX. 



CONCORDANCE OF THE PRESENT EDITION 

OF LELAND'S ITINERARY WITH 

HEARNE'S PRINTED TEXT, 

SECOND EDITION, 1744 



Thomas Hearne 

New Year's Gift, Vol. I, p. xviii. 
Itinerary : 

Vol. I, pp. 1-76, 84-116. 

Vol. I, p. 76, line 8 from 
bottom-83. 

Vol. II, 1-85. 

Appendix to Vol. VII, 105-114. 

Vol. Ill, 1-119. 

Vol. IV, 133, 134. 

Vol. IV, Part I, 1-31. 

Vol. IV, Part I, 31-55. 

Vol. VII, Part I, 2, last line-7. 

Vol. IV, Part II, 57-124. 

Vol. IV, Appendix. 

Vol. V, 1-84. 

Vol. VII, 14-18. 

Vol. V, 84-105, 108-118. 

Vol. VI, 1-36, 83-88. 

Vol. VI, 36-83. 
Vol. VII, Appendix, 115-137. 
Vol. VII, Appendix, 137-143. 
Vol. VII, Part I, 1-14, 19-63. 
Vol. V, 105, line 15-109. 

Vol. VII, Part II. 
Vol. VIII, Part II.* 

ffearne's " Collectanea" ed. 1774 

Vol. IV, p. 94. 

Vol. IV, pp. 85-90. 

Vol. IV, 90-94. 

Vol. IV, Plate of Channel Islands. 



L. Toulmin Smith 
Vol. I, p. xxxvii. 

Vol. I, Part I. 
Vol. I, Appendix I. 

Vol. I, Part II. 

Vol. I, Appendix II, pp. 315-326. 

Vol. I, Part III. 

Vol. I, Appendix III, 327, 328. 

Vol. II, Part IV. 

Vol. Ill, Part VI (Wales), 12-38. 

Vol. II, Part V, 33-38, line 20. 

Vol. II, Part V, 38, line 21-114. 

Vol. II, Appendix. 

Vol. Ill, Part VI, 38-126. 

Vol. Ill, Part VI, 9-12, 53-57. 

Vol. IV, Part VII. 

Vol. IV, Part VIII, 37-47, line 4, 

and 71, line 7 from bottom- 143. 
Vol. IV, Appendix I. 
Vol. IV, Part VIII, 47-71. 
Vol. IV, Appendix II. 
Vol. V, Part IX, 1-56, 60-68. 
Vol. V, Part IX, 56, line 18-60, 

line 23. 

Vol. V, Part X and Appendix. 
VoL V, Part XI. 

Itinerary, L. T. Smith 

Vol. Ill, p. 127, Appendix A. 
Vol. Ill, 129-134, Appendix B. 
Vol. V, Appendix, 237-242. 
Vol. IV, Appendix III. 



* Part I consisted of the fragments bound in the MS. Vol. VIII, 
which were in this second edition distributed into the text. 



xxin 



GLOSSARY 

OF THE PRINCIPAL ARCHAIC WORDS AND 
SENSES IN THESE VOLUMES 

NOTE. The references are intended for illustration; they do not neces- 
sarily include every example of a word. N.E.D. indicates that a 
definition is taken from the New English Dictionary. 

Accustumer, the, of Bridgewater, collector of customs or dues, i, 163. 
Achelei stones, acheler or ashlar, hewn stones, v, 94. 
Adcertenid, assured, i, 167. 

After, afterwards, "after, he was redemed," iv, 141. 
Al-to, all, quite, "al to minischyd and tome," iii, p. 43. 
Arere, to raise ; the way was raised with the earth cast up out of the 
dykes, v, 117. 

Baches, beach or shingle, iv, 67. 

Bal, Celtic word, ton or town, v, 52. 

Balinger, a small sea-going vessel, apparently a kind of sloop, N.E.D., 

i, 317. 

Balissed, balasted, i, 50. 

Balkynge ground, a ridge left at the end of furrows?, ii, 109. 
Barnes, children, v, 116. 
Batable ground on one side the Esk river, debatable or disputed land 

on the Scottish border, v, 51, 53. 
Beche, beach, iv, 48. 
Bekyn, beacon, i, 59. 

Derail, crystal or glass used for glazing windows, v, 155. 
Bid, verb, to pray, v, 118. 
Boote, probably here signifies boat, iv, 64; the form boote is found in 

i, 51- 

Bord clothes, table cloths, v, 117. 

Boteres, buttresses, i, 167 (cf. Old French bouterez, plural). 
Bowys, arches of a bridge, v, 116. 
Braye, a fals braye, "an advanced parapet surrounding the main 

rampart," N.E.D. , i, 316. 
Breed, breadth, v, 117. 
Bremely, clearly, distinctly, v, 155. 

xxiv 



GLOSSARY 



XXV 



Bullatike (French bullatique) hand, writing like that used in Papa 

bulls, iv, 94. 

Bunks, perhaps an error for banks, which makes better sense, v, 117. 
Burbolt-shot, an estimate of distance, from bird-bolt, a blunt-headed 

arrow used for shooting birds, i, 131. 
But shot, i.e., a butt-shot, a measure of distance, "a good but shotte 

off," iii, 109; v, 90. 
Bygge, bigge, barley, iv, 12, 32. 

Cantref, or hundred, a division of a county in Wales, iii, 1-9. See 

Commote. 
Car, carre, a pond or pool, sometimes in moorish land, i, 51 ; iv, 32 

v, 144. 

Carnary, a charnel vault or house, i, 184, 270. 
Caryke, carrack, a large ship of burden or warfare, iv, 48. 
Causey, cawsey, a causeway, a raised way formed on a mound across 

low wet ground, bog or marsh, N.E.D., ii, 101 ; v, no, 144. 
Causey, verb, bridge "well cawsied with stone at both ends," ii, 109. 
Champaine, champayne ground, plain, open country, without hills 

or woods, perhaps unenclosed, i, 27, 130; ii, 52; iii, 102; v, 8l, 

97- 

Chart, a map, iv, 125; v, 44. 
Cheping-, Cheaping or Chipping, as prefix to the name of a town, 

indicates a market town, Cheping-Faringdon, i, 125; Chipping-Sod- 

bury, i, 130; Chiping-Norton, ii, 38. 
Chisil, gravel or shingle, The Chisil or Chesil, a shingly beach, i, 242, 

243- 

Ciffenes, sieves for meal, from cyve, a sieve, v, 129. 
Clive, sub., a cliff, v, 101. 

Clyve, verb, to rise or climb, clyvid, iii, 14; clyving, iv, 136. 
Clyving, sub., seems to mean a cleft in this case, iv, 133. 
Choclea, a spiral staircase, i, 96. 
Coferer, cofferer or treasurer, ii, 39, 77. 
Cokid = cocked, pryed or looked about, v, 116. 
Commote, a territorial division in Wales, two or three of which were 

contained in a cantred or cantref, iii, pref. viii n. , 19, 93. 
Comprobation, confirmation, v, 72. 
Coningly, cunningly, wisely, skilfully, ii, 87. 
Conducte of water, a conduit, i, 220, 278; iv, 25. 
Conscend, to ascend or mount (a hill, etc.), i, 133. 148, 174. 
Consuete, accustomed, usual, v, 129. 
Coppe, the top, i, 151. 
Cootes, cotes, i.e., salt-cotes, salt-houses or furnaces, where salt is 

made, ii, 93; iv, 10, II. 
Couchid, placed, set down, i, 154. 
County, Count or Earl, i, 327. 

Coyletts, quillets, small (? inferior) plots or strips of land, ii, 62. 
Coyte, a quoit, "a coyte- or stone-cast," a measure of distance, iv, 

113- 
Grayer, a small trading vessel formerly used, iv, 88. 



XXVI 



GLOSSARY 



Creek, verb, the water "crekith," turns or bends, "creking," i, 198, 

204. 
Custumer of Hampton, collector of customs or dues, v, 278. See 

Accustumer. 

Dedignation, disdain, displeasure, ii, 31. 

Deflorichid, despoiled, ravaged, iii, 41. 

Degres, degrees, steps (in Canterbury Cathedral), iv, 38. 

Departith, departs or separates, i, 13. 

Disparkle, verb, disparkelid, disparklid, scattered or dispersed, i, 

82, 124; iv, 76, 77. 

Dition, rule, sway, i, 68. See also iv, 184, 186, 187. 
Dok or bosom, a dock; " apparently a creek or haven in which ships 

may lie on the ooze or ride at anchor, according to the tide," N.E.D., 

i, 51. 

Dole, grief, sorrow, v, 116. 
Duello, a duel, iv, 148. 
Dukke, a duck, iv, 84. 

Egge, edge, i, 23. 

Entaylid, intaglio, engraved, v, 53. See Intayle. 

Bring, ploughing, from ere, a variety of ear, to plough, v, 46. 

Escrye, out-cry, battle-cry, iv, 125; scry, iv, 97. 

Fauburge, a faubourg or suburb (apparently equivalent to a " borough 
foreign "), ii, 86. 

Fletithe, fleatith, verb, to fleet, said of waters, to flow, i, 31; ii, 81. 

Flette, floated, v, 116. 

Flite shot, a flight-shot, the flight of a shot-arrow, a measure of dis- 
tance, ii, 66; iv, 50, 98; v, 101; "two flite shots," i, 67, 96. 

Force, a fort or strong castle, i, 201. 

Forcid, strengthened, fortified, i, 96, 100, 319. 

Foster, forester (to Penkridge Chase), v, 22. 

Frerenhay, the Friars' enclosure, i, 228. 

Frith, frith park, a game preserve or deer park, i, 20, 108; ii, 80 . 

Fulled, baptized, or washed, v, 116. 

Gabylle, a cable, rope, i, 49. 

Gainest way, the straightest, most direct way, i, 51. 

Gere, gear, i.e., matter or subject, iv, 64. 

Gesse, I guess, i.e., I am pretty sure, I think, i, 98; I judge, 108. 

Gill, a stream in a narrow ravine or glen, v, 138. 

Hard, adv. and prep., hard at, v, 105; harde by, 104; hard on, 106; 

harde withyn, 106; i.e., just or close at, by, on, within. 
Hard, adj., in phrase " to the hard ground," to the very ground, v, 104. 
Harte brinynge, heart-burning, v, 155. 
Havenet, a small haven, i, 51. 
Heend, polite, v, 116. 
Hem, them, v, 117, 118. 
Her, their, v, 116. 



GLOSSARY 



XXVll 



Heyne, a saving, niggardly man, iv, 143. 

Hiereward, perhaps an error for hithe-ward, the keeper of the hithe, 
v, 117. 

Hillinge, rising, ascending, v, 71. 

Holme, a little isle or islet in a river or lake, or near the mainland, iv, 
33, 136. 

Hope. Leland says "hopes or becks," i, 77, or "small brooks," v, 
139 ; according to the N.E.D. the hopes are the small valleys running 
down from the hills and opening into a main vale, in each of which a 
brook or burn runs. This answers the description in the text. 

Howys, howe, a hoe, = mattock or pickaxe, v, 116. 

lied, past part, of verb to isle, "when Thanet was full iled," i.e., was 

entirely an island, iv, 61. 
Indubitately, undoubtedly, v, 81. 
Intayle, engraved or carved work?, v, 129. See Entaylid. Cf. the 

paragraph on ' ' Woulsingham Market," with the next but one as to 

the marmoratum at Durham. 

Isled, said of a church, "very elegant and isled," i.e., aisled, i, 148. 
I-wysse, certainly, v, 117. 

Keching, kechyn, kitchen, i, 40, 53. 

Kenning, a marine measure of about twenty miles, i, 191, 201, 222; 

iv, 1 88. 
Kefinnithes, Welsh kyffinieu (Dr. J. G. Evans), glossed by Leland 

cowfinia, confines or boundaries, iii, 15; he '.mistakes kefinnith, a 

plural form, for the singular (cf. kyffin, a limit), and so uses it several 

times, iii, 16, 17, 18. 

Keyes or peres, quays or piers, i, 318, 324. 
Knappe, top or summit of a hill, i, 174. 

Laving, verb, to lave, baling, v, 117. 

Laund, an open space among woods, N.E.D., i, 13; as place-name, 

21. 

Lesys, a form of leasows, leasow, meadow or pasture land, i, 38. 
Limes, limit or boundary, i, 13 ; iv, 32. 
Lin, a linn, waterfall or torrent, but Leland here uses it for a small 

stream in low land, i, 95. 
Ling, a kind of heather, iv, 32 ; v, 66. 
Lingy, covered with ling, or heather, i, So. 
Lover, louver, a "lantern" or erection on the roof of a hall, with 

lateral holes to let out the smoke, N.E.D., i, 139. 
Lumbe, lome, a weaver's loom, i, 132. 

Marchanties, merchandise, i, 206. 
Mareed, error fo<- marred, dirtied, v, 116. 
Market-stede, market-place, ii, 69. 

Mediamnes, little isles formed in the middle of a river, i, in, 120; 
ii, 63. 



xxviii GLOSSARY 

Merche, march, smallage or wild celery which grows on marshy places, 

v, 6. 

Mole, a mass, great piece (of stone), v, 46. 
Mownde, a fence or hedge, v, 117. 
Mynion, minion, elegant, fine, iv, 33. 

Nelyd, i.e., annealed, glazed or enamelled by fire, iv, 131. 
Nesch of sand, neck of sand; perhaps soft piece is intended, iv, 59. 
Nesse, a headland or cape; also used as a verb, to grow into a ness, 

iv, 67. 

Nex, aphetic form of annex, v, 178. 
Next, nearest, i, 50. 
Nobilitate, verb, to ennoble, nobilitating, iv, 100, in; notablitatyd, 

v, 223, probably an error of the scribe. 

Of, off, iv, 23, 61, 73 (nyne myles of). 

Owre, ore of metal, v, 129; owrische soyles, containing ore. 

Paradise, " a little studiyng chaumber caullid Paradice," i, 46. 

Pecoyse, a peck or pick-axe, v, 117. 

Peninsulatid, so surrounded by rivers as to form a peninsula, i, 131. 

Picard, picart, a small sailing vessel formerly used for coasting or 
river traffic, i, 170; ii, 57; iv, 136. 

Pies, magpies, i, 123. 

Pill, a local name for a tidal creek, or a pool in a creek or at the con- 
fluence of a tributary stream, N.E.D. ; Cornwall, and the Severn, i, 
200, 204, 206, 207. 

Pill, a castlet or small building?, v, 134. 

Pill, verb, to pillage, rob, or strip bare, iv, 121. 

Piramis, i.e., pyramid, a spire, pinnacle, obelisk, or gable, i, 81, 131 ; 
ii, 96; v, 73, 78. 

Pirle of water, a bubbling brook or small stream, i, 175, 301. 

Plaschsy, marshy or swampy, i, 116. 

Place, commune, common pleas, iv, 75. 

Pointel, a style or pointed instrument for writing on tables, i, 132. 

Policy, improvements made by human skill and labour (as we should 
now say civil engineering); Leland applies it to drainage of land or 
the diversion or improvement of rivers, i, 30, 147, 206; v, 90. 

Porturid, portrayed or pictured, i, 72, 124. 

Practized, intrigued, schemed, or plotted, ii, 62. 

Quaterfors, a place where four streets meet, quadrivium (like "Car- 
fax" in Oxford), ii, 41, 57. 

Querry, quarry, v, 116. 

Quick, lively, stirring, i, 243; v, 38, 39; "a quyk mownde," a quick- 
set or living hedge, v, 117. 

Ragusey, an argosy or great merchant ship, iv, 60. 
Redid, verb, to reed, to cover a roof with reeds, v, 34. 



GLOSSARY xxix 

Resort, verb, often said of water, or one river running into another, 

i, 90, 168; or into the sea, 177. 
Rhe, a river, overflowing water, v, 36, 76. 

Rige, here a man's back, " clothed ... for bed and for back," v, 118. 
Rokkettes, small rocky isles (under water), i, 318. 
Ruffelar, a vagabond of the sixteenth century, iv, 80. 
Rughe, rough, iii, 13. 
Rype, ripe, the bank of a river or brook, i, 184; v, 80, 81. 

Saufte, safety, iv, 146. 

Scry. See Escrye. 

Se-coal, sea-coal, coal found open in cliffs of the sea-shore, v, 140. 

This is one explanation, but it does not agree with many uses of the 

word. 

Sele, verb) to ceil, to line roof or walls with wood or plaster, v, 83. 
Shippeletts, small vessels, i, 177, 242; iv, 88. 
Shoute out gunns, to place guns (on a tower) for shooting, ii, 40. 
Shrodly pillid (shrewdly pillaged), maliciously stripped bare, iv, 121. 
Sidenham, error for sidenhand, or sidehand ; adverbial phrase, a-siden- 

hand, lying on one side of, i, 9. N.E.D. 
Skill, verb> to reason, to understand, i, 135. 
Skirmouch, skirmish, iv, 124. 
Sieve, cleft or parting; "sieve of the ocean," the part of the English 

Channel between Brest and Cornwall, i, 2OI. 
Slypes, slips, narrow strips of woodland, v, 73. 
Smoulderid, smothered to death in a crowd, i, 5. 
Sodde, past tense of verb to seethe, iv, 10. 
Sparkelid, scattered or dispersed, iii, 38; iv, 5., 136. 
Spilled, damaged, destroyed, iii, 1 10. 
Stagne, a pond or lake, i, 75. 
Staple, a market, i, 168, 169. 
Stiliard, steelyard, merchants of the steelyard, a famous guild of 

foreign merchants in England, connected with the Hanseatic League, 

iv, 114. 
Strete, street, meaning a village or small place not being a market 

town; thorough-fare is also used in the same sense, ii, 113. 
Stripe, a blow, a wound caused by beating, iii, 90; strips, v, 3. 
Suoping, swooping, said of a river sweeping along, v, 79. 
Suarved, swerved, turned aside, iii, 109. Also swarve, to fill up, to 

choke with sediment, which seems to be the meaning in i, 61. 

Tainters, tenters or stretchers used in the making of woollen cloth, 

i, 82 (cf. tenter- hooks). 
Thakkid, thatched, iv, 26; v, 34. 
There, where, v, 116. 

Thrwghe-fayre, through fare, a village, ii, 106, 113. See Strete. 
Thwartheth, passes athwart or across, v, 51. 
Tophe, towfe stone, "full of pores and holes lyke a pummice," a 

quarry of this stone at Dursley resembling volcanic tufa, iv, 130; 

v, 96. 



xxx GLOSSARY 

Tracte, delay; slow, long drawn out, iv, 134. 

Translate, to change, to alter, said of houses or buildings, i, 104, 105, 

163- 

Trowehes of lead, troughs or coffins, i, 50. 
Tukkyng miles, i.e., tucking mills, fulling mills used in finishing cloth, 

v, 96 (tucker, West of England for a fuller). 

Upper, adv., higher up, i, 176; ii, 189, 194, 203. 

Verry, verrey, vaire, a term in heraldry for a kind of fur, i, 159 

(thrice). 
Vouess, woues, woves, a vowed nun, i, 109, 112, 124. 

Wag mier, wagmore, quagmire, i, 107, 205. 

Waged a wed, promised a pledge, v, 117. 

Walls, i.e., Wales, v, 178. 

Wai yee. This appears to be one of Leland's erroneous attempts at 
etymology. One end of the great Roman Wall is near Bowness on 
the Solway Firth, the other at Wallsend on the Tyne ; it is possible 
that, writing from his notes, he confused the names of the two places, 

v, Si- 
Water, often used instead of river or brook, i, 62, 256, 258. This was 

still done in Ireland fifty years ago. See " William Allingham's Diary," 

1907, p. 46. 

Waye = weigh, a lever, v, 116. 
Weges, wedges, v, 116. 
Wene, to think, suppose, iv, 25. 

Witriding, outriding men, Border marauders or thieves, v, 62 and n. 
Wose, ooze, wet mud, iv, 61 ; whosy, oozy, muddy, as in the bed of a 

river or the sea, iv, 49; v, 91. 
Woves. See Vouess. 

Yerth coal, earth or dug coal in distinction from charcoal, iv, 14. 



COUNTIES IN THIS VOLUME 

Bedfordshire, pp. 7, 8, 150. 

Berkshire, pp. 75-79; Appendix to Part X, 113-118. 

Buckinghamshire, pp. 7, 233. 

Cheshire, pp. 6, 23-30, 223. 

Cornwall, p. 6. 

Cumberland, pp. 50-56, 61. 

Derbyshire, pp. 31, 32. 

Devonshire, p. 230. 

Dorsetshire, pp. 44, 107-109, no, in, 221. 

Durham, pp. 48, 49, 65, 125, 127-132. 

Essex, pp. 167-170. 

Glamorganshire, Appendix, pp. 237-242. 

Gloucestershire, pp. 84, 86-96, 98-102, 156-160, 220, 221. 

Herefordshire, pp. 160-167, 175-178, 181-185, 188, 190, 

191. 

Kent, pp. 210-218. 
Lancashire, pp. 40-46, 50, 221, 222. 
Leicestershire, pp. 148, 222. 
Lincolnshire, pp. 5, 32-38, 120-123, 22 3- 
Northamptonshire, p. 224. 
Northumberland, pp. 49, 56-68, 126, 145. 
Nottingham, p. 147. 

Oxfordshire, pp. i, 71-75, 76, 113, 119,- 124, 231-233. 
Rutlandshire, p. 145. 
Shropshire, pp. 12-18, 189. 
Somersetshire, pp. 84, 85, 97, 102-106, 109. 
Staffordshire, pp. 18-23. 
Suffolk, pp. 172, 173. 
Warwickshire, pp. 10-12, 150-156. 
Westmorland, pp. 46-48, 146, 147. 
Wiltshire, pp. 79-83, 96, 97, 106. 
Worcestershire, pp. 8-10, 220, 224-230. 
Yorkshire, pp. 38-40, 49, 132-136, 138-145, 146. 



XXXI 



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THE ITINERARY OF JOHN LELAND. 
PART IX * 

Comentaria Anglia.^ 

T OHN of Seint Helen's, so cawlyd becawse he dwelte in Stow, v, 
J S. Helyn's paroche in Abyndon, was the firste beginner fo. 107. 
and makar of the great bridge of stone over Isis at Abbindon. Abbyngton. 
Afore his tyme it was a fery. 

The makynge of this bridge was a great hinderaunce to 
the towne of Walyngforde, whithar the trade was of them 
that came out of Glocestar-shire : but now they passe by 
Abingdon. 

[* Leland's MS., vol. vii. This volume as we now have it is evi- 
dently not in its original state, leaves 7 to 31 inclusive are wanting; it 
seems to have consisted of quires and loose leaves, which were prob- 
ably bound together by Burton. Some of these loose leaves were gone 
before he had the papers, as we may judge by what he copied in 1641 
(Burton (a), Gough, gen. top. 2, fos. 224-232) compared with Stow's 
copy of 1576 (Tanner, 464, vol. v, 107-148); and by the same standard 
we see that he mixed up the early leaves, which contain miscellaneous 
notes and are not in the original order followed by Stow. Burton bound 
some of the leaves (fos. 22-31) into vol. v of Leland's MS., apparently 
because they treat of some Welsh counties (see "Leland in Wales, ' 
p. 57) ; others of the lost leaves also contained notes on Wales, and are 
only known in Stow's copy ; both these groups were copied consecu- 
tively by Stow, but one was printed by Hearne in his vol. v, the other 
left in his vol. vii. In the present edition all the Welsh notes are trans- 
ferred to our Part VI, pp. 53-66. The first pages of miscellaneous notes 
above are restored to the order followed by Stow, as that most probably 
right. The Table on the opposite page shows the relative positions of 
these passages. 

(In his vol. vii, pp. 7-14, for part of these passages Hearne gives 
side references to fos. 14-27, as though he were printing from Leland's 
original ; but I cannot find that these leaves exist, and therefore give 
Stow's folios only. In my vol. i, pp. 121, 122, notes, fo. 14 is thus an 
error.)] 

[t The following pages, 1-7, are found in Stow only, fos. 107-111 
see Table opposite.] 

V. B 



2 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

This John de Seint Helen lyvyed about the begininge of 
the reigne of Henry the 6. 

This John buildyd the faire hospitall by S. Helens in 
Abyngdon, and gave L. //. lands by yere to the maynteyn- 
aunce of it and the bridge. 

The bridge of archid stone at Dorchestar is but a new 
thinge to speke of, and there was a ferrey at highe watars 
over Tames, and the bridge of Abingdon semithe to have 
bene the . . . 

Bullingbroke. Gul. de Romara, Erie of Lincolne, was lord and ownar of 
Bullingbroke Castle in Lincolneshire. Syns it was told me 
that there were 2. cantuaris in the paroche churche of 
Bullyngbroke of the Romares fundation latly supressyd. 
Nnvborowe. There is at Seint Salviors at Newborow in Yorkeshire a 
great paintynge or table in the prior or abbats chambar yet 
stondinge of all the whole desente and linage of the 
Moubrays. Mastar Dr. Bellaziz * may send for a copy of it. 
Mastar Stapleton of London, brothar in law to Sir Thomas 
Wharton, tolde me that the comon opinion of the people 
aboute Perith is that Da Raby Erie of Westmerland made 
muche of the castle that now standith at Perith. a 

He tolde me also that Darabies armes were and be in 
dyvers partes of the doungein in the castelle of Cairlues; 
where apon he conjectithe that it was reedified by hym. 

The castle of Shrobbesbyry is set so that it is in the very 
place where the towne is not defendid with Severne, els the 
towne were totally environyd with watar. 

Dortington. Dartyngton, the fayre and goodly lordshipe by Totnes in 
Devonshire, was the Lorde of Audleys, sens by attayntur 
the Doke of Excester, namyd Holland, that cawsyd his hole 
howsholde there to drinke wyne browght out of Fraunce. He 
was Admirall of England, and Sir Baldwine Fulfirte a Knight 
of the Sepulchre was his undar admiralle. 

Corteney Marquese of Excestar had a late this Dart- 
ington. 
Horseley. Est Horseley, a mile from Weste Horseley, in Suthrey, 

[* Dr. Anthony Belasyse held many grants of monastery lands among 
which were those of Newburgh priory.] 



a Penrith. 



PART IX 3 

longyd to the Bysshope of Excester, where is a praty lytle 
manar place. Lacy, Bysshope of Excestar in Henry the 5. 
and 6. dayes lay sometyme at this howse. This Lacey was 
dene of Henry the 5. chapell at the battayle of Agincorte. 
This Lacey made the haule of Excester Place in London. 

Talbot Erie of Shrobbesbyri and his sonne Lord Lisle 
slayne in Fraunce. This erles bones were browght out of 
Normandy to Whitchurche in Shrobbeshire. 

Talbot next erle to hym slayne at Northampton fild, 
takynge Kynge Henry the 6. parte. 

This erle had 5. sonnes, John (that had to wyfe the 
dowghtar of the Duke of Bukyngham, slayn at Northampton) 
dyed Erie of Shrobbesbery passynge in jorney at Coventrie. fo. 108. 
James that dyed of strips taken at Northampton feelde; but 
he cam first to Shiffenol a in Shrobbshire a 2. miles from 
Tonge, where the erles of Shrobbesbyre had a manar place 
of tymbar and a parke. 

George Erie of Shrobbesbyri was borne at Chifenolle. 

Gilbert the 3. sonn Knyght of the Gartar and Depute of 
Calays in Henry the 7. dayes, and lyeth buried at White- 
churche, and there is a chauntery made by hym. He was 
embassador to Rome with Abbat Bere of Glesteinbyri for 
Kynge Henry the 7. This Gilbert was sore woundyd at 
Bosworthe, takynge Kynge Henry the 7. parte. 

Syr Christopher, persone of Whitechurche was the 4. 

Syr Humfrey Talbote Knyght was the 5. He usyd 
Calays. 

Anne sistar to the aforesayde 5. britherne by the erle was 
maried to Ser Henry Verney of Thonge, where she is buried 
in the coledge with hir husbond. 

Margaret dowghtar to the erle, and sistar to the afore- 
sayde 5. brithern was wyfe to Chawort a gentleman of 
Darbyshire. 

John Erie of Shrobbsbyry had 2. sonnes, George and 
Thomas. 

Thomas dyed without ysswe. 

George erle had to wyfe the dowghtar of the Lorde Hast- 
ings that was behedid in the Towre, and had dyvers men and 
wymen children. 

Shifnal. 



4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

The late Erie of Comberland marled Margaret Georgys 
dowghtar. 

And an othar was maried to the last Erie of Northumbar- 
land. The Lord Dacres maried an othar. 

Fraunces now Erie of Shrobbesbyri. 

The old Lorde Hastings that was behedyd in the Towre 
had a sonne Lorde Hastings, that had to wife the dowghtar 
and heire of the Lorde Hungreforde. 

The old Lord Hastings had also a sunne caulyd Richard, 
a knight that maried the Lady Savelle. 

William also was sonn to the olde Lorde Hastyngs. 

The olde Lorde Hastings had also a dowghtar that was 
wyfe to George Erie of Shrobbesbyri. 

Hastings Lorde Hastinges, the old Lord Hastings sonne 
and heire, had by hir Lord Hastings now Erie of Hunt- 
yngdon. 

He had also a dowghtar wyfe to the Erie of Darby mothar 
to the Erie of Darby now lyvynge. 

Hastyngs Erie of Huntendune had to wife Anne dowghtar 
to the Duke of Buckyngham, behedyd at Saresbyri. The 
othar dowghtar of this Duke of Buckyngham was the first 
wyfe to the Lord Fitzgwalter. 

Hastings sonne and heire to the Erie of Huntingdune 
maried the late Lorde Mountecutes dowghtar. The Lord 
Stafford maried the Lorde Mountecuts sistar. 

The Duke of Yorke sunne caullyd Edward nevar tooke 
greatar name at the begininge of his warres agayne Kynge 
Henry the 6. but the name of the Erie of Marche; untyll 
that one Parre brought hym a 15. C. men to go with hym 
to ... felde, and proclaymed hym as he went for kynge. 

Mastar Feelde told me that there rennithe a mighty 
fo. 109. longe diche from . . . toward Lichet Maletravers a in Dorsete- 
shire. 

I saw in a roulle of the highe lordshipes of the Duke of 
Yorke at Mastar Garters thes names folowing: Cunsborow b 
Castelle; Clifford Castle; the lordeshipe of the faire Maide 
of Kent. Mastar Gartar told me that Quinborow Castell in 
Kent was of this hold; but he shoid me not how, or who 
shuld be this faire Maide of Kent. 

a Lychett Matravers. b Conisbrough. 



PART IX 5 

There is a grete hill, or rigge, that stretchethe in lengthe 
from Glassenbyry on to within 2. miles of Bridgewatar, and 
is the very highe way to passe from the one from * the othar 
of them. 

This balke or hille is of breadthe to speke of, and of eche 
syde of it lyethe low marche ground. 

Brent Merche goynge from Glassenbyri lyethe on the 
right hand, and . . . marchis on the left hand. 

The howses of the order cawlyd Sauiniacensis, otharwyse 
Fratres Grisei, were aftar reducyd on to the ordre caullyd 
Cistertiensis. Stratforde in Essex was of this ordre by the 
foundatyon of Montfichet. This howse first sett emonge the 
low marsches was aftar with sore fludes defacyd, and remevid 
to a celle, or graunge, longynge to it caullyd Burgestede* in 
Estsex, a mile or more from Billirica. 

Thes monks remainid at Burgstede untyll entrete was 
made that they might have sum helpe otherwyse. Then one 
of the Richards, Kings of England, toke the ground and 
abbay of Strateforde in to his protection, and reedifienge it 
browght the foresayde monks agayne to Stratford, where 
amonge the marches they reinhabytyd. 

One Agatha, dowghtar and heire to the Lorde Tresbur, 
had 2. husbonds. Gul. de Albeneio was the one. She was 
buried in the priory of Newstede by Stamford. The Lord 
Tresbor gave in his armes 3. bolts. 

Stoke Dawbeney is in Northamptonshire hard by Rokyng- 
ham Forest a 2. miles from Pipwell Abbay. 

The northen men brent miche of Staunford towne. It Lincoln- 
was not synce fully reedified. shire. 

Staunford was privilegyd but in Kynge Edward's dayes for 
a borow, as concerninge a place in the Parliament Howse. 

Yet it was a borow towne in Kynge Edgares dayes, and 
then and syns it hathe all way longyd to the Crowne. 

There were 7. principall towers or wards in the waulls of 
Staunford, to eche of the whiche were certeyne freholders 
in the towne allottid to wache and warde in tyme of 
neadde. 

* [Ste; it should be to.] 



a Burstead 



6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cornwall. Where as I writte in the qwaires of Cornwalle that Fawey 
was caullyd in the olde Cornische, Cowwath, make it 
Fawathe.* 

Cheshire. The chefe occasion, and the originale by likelihod, of the 
manifolde poolys and lakes in Chestershire, was by digginge 
of marie for fattynge the baren grownd there to beare good 
corne. To the whiche pitts the faulle of the waters there- 
about and springs hathe resortyd, and bysyds the grownd 
there beynge so depely dikid there be many springs risynge 
naturally in them. 

There be tokens in Chestershire of dy verse salt pitts be- 
fo. 1 10. syde them that be commonly now usyd; as by Cumbermere 
in a wood, and at the Dyrte Wiche a a late a new pitte besyde 
the old decayed, and at Aldresey a poore village of a 6. 
howses a 4. mile from Malpace in the way almost to Chestar 
muche by weste hathe bene a salt pit, but now decayed, as 
almoste in tyme owt of mynde. 

Suche firre trees overthrowne and coverid with bogge and 
merche as be in Chestershire, Lancastershire and Shrobbe- 
shire be found in some places of the Isle of Oxolme. b 

Terre Mone is about a 24. miles in lengthe and 21. in 
bredthe, yet the comon voice makethe it almoste egale in 
lengthe and bredthe. 

Luggershaull sumtyme a castle in Wileshire 10. miles 
from Marleborow, and a 4. miles from Andover almoste in 
the waye betwixt. The castell stoode in a parke now clene 
downe. 

There is of late tymes a pratie lodge made by the ruines 
of it, and longgithe to the kyng. 

A cardinale (Drapar) t and archepisshope of Cantorbyri 
gave a 1000. markes or //. to the erectynge of London Bridge. 

Kynge John gave certeyne vacant places in London to 
builde on for buildinge and reparation of London Bridge. 

A mason beinge master of the bridge howse buildyd a 
fundamentis the chapell on London Bridge a fundamentis 
propriis impensis.% 

* [See vol. i, p. 203.] [t This word is interlined.] 

[t A whole page here blank.] 



a Droitwich. 



b Axholme. 



PART IX 7 

Bukingham. Bucks. 

Ailesbyri 5 miles from Notele" is a good market toune fb. m. 
havynge one paroche churche and a howse of gray friars, it 
stondithe on a lytle broke, and is a mile from Tame streme. 

Wikam. 

Chilterne Hilles. Leiand, vii, 

From Henle in Oxfordshire to Wikam b in Bukingham- fo- $' 
shire an viii. myles. From Wikam to Dunstaple in Bedford- 
shire a xviii. miles. Al this way goeth Chilternhilles, wherof 
many be welle replenishid with wood, and partely with 
corne, al the soile being a chalke clay. 

Ryvers in Bokinghamshire. fo. 6. 

Use or Ise. 

Another Use, or Ise, c as of one principal arme risith abowt 
Westewikam owt of one of the Chilterne hilles, and so cum- 
mith by Wikam the market towne. 

The lesse arme is cawllid Higdenbrooke, and risith also 
in one of Chilterne hilles a mile above Wikam. 

Bothe these streames meate at the west ende of Wikam, 
and thens the hole botom with one water goith to Hedon, 
so to Owburne, d wher the Bishop of Lincoln hath a fair 
howse, and thens a mile and more into the Tamise. 

Market Towns in Bedfordshire. Leiand, vii, 

Bedford. * 

Bigelswade a 2. miles from Warden 6 Abbay, a good market f 7i'i b. 
and 2. faires. Beds. 

Shefforde a 3. miles from Bedforde, and a mile from 
Chyksand Priory. 

Luton a very good market town for barlye. 

Ham(ptel.) f 

Oineys.* 

Potton. 

Owborne. h 

Dunstaple. 

a Notley Abbey. b Wycombe. c Wye r. 

d Woburn. e Old Warden. f Ampthill. 

B Olney, now in Buckinghamshire. h Woburn. 



8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Beds. Castelles yn Bedfordshire, 

^ean , ^g caste j Q f B ec jf O rd h ar( j by the towne, now clene 
g tow down. There is a place caullid Falxherbar * agayn the castel. 
fo. 112. Betwixt Kinges Grose yn the midle way to Newenham 
and the castel were founde many bones of men buried. 

The castle of Hamtel." The Lorde Fanope, a man of greate 
fame in owtewarde warres, and very riche, buildid this 
house. 

Odel b Castel, now nothing but straunge ruines, longging 
to the Lord Bray. Odel town ys by the castel, and ys as yt 
wer an viii. myles from Bedford, and by Harold nunnery 
about a mile of. This Odel was a barony. 

Castel Parke a myle from Laundon c Abbay [priory], and 
Landon is withyn a myle [of] Olney. This parke longgid to 
the Souches, but now lately sold to the Lord Mordant 
Peraventure this Launden Castel. 

Risingho hard by Castel Mille on Use. It longgid to 
Warden Abbay, now to Mr. Gostewik.f 

Adingreves wher be tokens of diches, wher sum fortres 
hath bene by Use Ryver, a mile or 2. from Risingho. 
fo. 4. isi s otherwise Use. d 
Olneye Water. 
Undal Water. 6 

St w > Market townes in Wicestershire. 

fo. ii2b. 

Wicestre on Severn. 

Eovesham apon Avon Ryver xii. miles from Wicestre. 
Brammisgrove x. miles northe from Wicestar. 
Persore g apon Avon vi. miles from Wicestar. 
Kiddermister apon Stowre River xii. Mils toward north- 
east from Wicestre. 

[* Probably once the dwelling of Falco de Breant, on whom King 
John bestowed the castle. Lewis's Topography.] 

[t This seems to be Sir John Gostwick, Treasurer of First Fruits and 
Tenths in 1544.] 



a Amphtill. b Odell or Woodhill. c Lavendon. 

d Ouse r. e ? Ouzel r. t Bromsgrove. 

e Pershore. 



PART IX 9 

Bewdele a the Sanctuary towne hath hard by it the Kyngs Worcester- 
maner of Tikile b stonding on a hill. shire. 

Castles in Wicestreshire. 

Wicester. 

The ruines of Hanle c Castle vii. miles from Wiccester 
lower of the farthar rype of Severne. 

Aberle, d otherwise Abbatisle, somtyme longinge to the 
Erie of Warwike. 

Hartsbery Castle 6 longinge to the Bysshope of Wicestar, fo. 113. 
set on a stronge roke vii. miles from Wicester. 

Helmelege/ where the college is longinge to the Kynge. 
There stondithe now but one tower, and that partly broken. 
As I went by I saw carts carienge stone thens to amend 
Persore Bridge about a ii. miles of. It is set on the tope 
of an hill full of wood, and a townelet hard by, and undar 
the roote of the hille is the Vale of Eovesham. 

Rivers in Wicestershire. 

Severne risithe in a hill cawlyd Plimlimmon. So to Cair 
Sews,* famous in name, but in dede a pore thrwghe faire. 
From Mahenclift to Llanidlas a good village, to Newton, and 
so rinnith within a mile of Montgomeryke to the Walche 
Pole, and thens passithe within halfe a mile of Ponsbyri 
College to Shrobbesbyri, to Wrekcester alias Rokecestar, 8 
to Bridgnorthe, to Wicester, to Twekesbyry, to Glocester, 
etc. 

Avon. 

Arow. h 

Dowlesse 1 riveret risith, as I lernyd, in Cle Hill in Shrope- 
shire, and cummithe by Clebiry a poore village, and cum- 
mithe not far above Bewdele into Severne. 

[* Stow's MS. has Hews (which Hearne read Clews), with a correc- 
tion, S being written over the 11. The place is doubtless Caer Sws, an 
old Roman station.] 



a Bewdley. b Tickenhil or Tickil. c Hanley. 

d Abberley. e Hartlebury. f Elmley. 

8 Wroxeter. h Arrow r. ' Dowles r. 



io LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Worcester- Forests and Chases in Wecestershire.* 

Wire 3 Forest, where of summe part is sett in Wicester- 
shire, but the moste parte in Shropshire, and stretchithe up 
from Holt f apon Severne onto Bruge Northe." Bewdley is set 
in the marchis of this forest, and stretchithe a 2. miles be- 
yond to a watar cawlyd . . . Wire is more then xx. mills 
compas. 

Fekenham c Forest totally (as I here say) is set in Wicester- 
shere, and is of lesse compase than Wire. 

The Chase of Malvern is bigger then other Wire or Fek- 
enham, and occupiethe a greate parte of Malverne Hills. 
Great Malverne and Litle also is set in the Chace of Mal- 
verne. Malverne Chase (as I here say) is in lengthe in some 
place a xx. miles, but Malverne Chace dothe not occupi all 
Malverne Hills. 

Wiche d is a vi. miles by northe from Wicester. There be 
iii. salt springs, whereof 2. be nere togethar. the third is a 
qwartar of a mile of. At these be made the finest salt of 
England. 

Withein a mile of Alcestre is a limes. 

The Castell of Dudeley is in Stafordshire, but hard by is 
Wicestreshire. 

fo. 114. Syr Gilbert Talbot knight hath a goodly howse by Brams- 
grove market caullid Grafton. J 

Pakington hath a veri goodly new howse of brike caullid 
Hampton Court a vi. [miles] of from Wicestre somwhat 
northward. 

Market townes in Warwikeshire. 
Warwike. 
Coventre. 

Henle. I have it described. 
Monke Kyrkby. 6 I know the site of this. 
Alcestre. 

[* Sic.] [t Stow has "frontholt," a careless reading.] 

[J Stow has Greston. See Grafton in vol. ii, p. 95.] 
[ Not in MS., but doubtless intended.] 



Wyre. b Bridgenorth. c Feckenham. 

d Droitwich. e Monks Kirby. 



PART IX ii 

Rugby. Warwicks. 

Tameworth apon Anker. I have it describid. [Vol. ii, 

Nunne Eton. a I have it described. P- 104.] 

Atherstone. I have it described.* 

Bremischam b in the way to Chestre-ward, a xii. mills from [Vol. ii, p. 96.] 
Coventre. I have it described. 
Southam a vi. mils from Warwike. 

Castells in Warwikeshire. 

Warwike. 

Killingworthe. c 

Braundon, d a v. mils be northe from Coventre, now deso- 
latid; sometyme (as I hard say) longginge to the Lord 
Mortimer. 

Brinkelo, a v. mils by east from Coventre, now desolatyd; 
longynge somtyme (as men say) to the Mortimers. 

Bagginton Castell, now desolatyd. It longgid to the 
Baggetts, a 2. mils from Coventre. 

Ascheley Castle. 

Rivers. 

Avon. 

Anker. 

Sow 6 risithe nere Hakesbiri f iii. myles from Coventre 
northeste. Fluit per Sow pagum t by White le, g et prope 
Stonle h village in Tamam labitur. 

Leme ' cumminge out of Northamptonshire. It comithe 
by Granborow, k Lemington, Marton, Offekirke ' pagos, and 
at Edmund Coote Bridge into Avon. 

Colle flu. oritur in Yardle Woodde prope Kinggs Northton, Stow, 
and aftar that by Colleshil he goithe into Tame. fo - Ir 5- 

Blithe risithe in Warwikshire nere Routon by Balshaul," 
Hampton, Pakington, and the[n] goinge betwixt Coleshill 
and Makstoke nere f Schustok p village into Tame. 

[* These two descriptions seem to be lost.] 
[t MS. has were.] 



Nuneaton. b Birmingham. c Kenilworth. 

d Brandon. e Sowe r. * Hawkesbury. 

8 Whitley. h Stoneleigh. * Leam r. 

k Grandborough. J Offchurch. m Cole r. 

n Temple Balsall. Maxstoke. P Shustoke. 



12 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Warwick- 
shire. 



Leland, 
fo. 32. 



The lenght of Warwikeshire be estimation from Rollerich 
Stones by Chipping Northton to Tamwort as to the limites 
of Oxfordeshir and Stafordshire, thus the lengthe is about 
xxxvi. mils. 

Watelingstrete toward Rugby is a limes apon Leicester- 
shire. 

A mile above Bremicham is a limes apon Stafordshire.* 

Market townes in Shropshire.t 

Shrewisbiry. 

Bridgenorth a xiiii. miles from Shorbbesbyri. 

Welington a vii. miles from Shrobbesbyri toward London 
way. 

Drayton b apon Terne river a xii. miles from Shrewisbyri. 

At Blorehethe, a mile above Drayton by north, was a 
feelde faught bytwene King Edwardes men and Henry the 6. 
The Erie of Saresbyri and northen men on King Edwardes 
parte overcam the Lordes Audeley (slain) and Dudeley 
(woundid) with Quene Margaret, wife to Henry the 6, and 
Chestershir men lost the feld. She cam J Eccleshall thither. 
Hauls Bisshop of Chester her chapeleyn caussid the queene 
to ly ther. 

Whitechirche a xiiii. or xv. miles from Shrewisbyri. 

Newport apon a brooke a xii. or xiiii. miles from Shrewis- 
byri. With in a mile [of] Newport is a goodly large mere 
or poole. 

Ludlo. 

Peter Undergod, [a] gentilman longging [to] an Englisch 
Prince of Wales, did build St. John's Hospital withowt . . . 
[g]ate of Ludlo [and afjtar gave landes onto hit.|| 

[* Five pages printed by Hearne after ' ' Staffordshire " from Stow, 
vol. v, fos. 115-118, containing the counties of Brecon, Radnor, Mont- 
gomery, and Cardigan, are removed to Part VI, pp. 9-12, 53-57, im- 
mediately preceding the part as to Carmarthenshire from Stow's fos. 
119-123, transposed thither by Hearne. See Part VI, p. 9, note.'} 

[t With these following pages on Shropshire read those in " Leland 
in Wales" (our Part III), pp. 50, 54, 65-67, 73-76.] 

[ Sic. Stow has " She cam Eccleshan."] 

[ John Hales, made bishop the year of the battle, 1459.] 

[II This paragraph not in Stow.] 



Roll wright. 



b Market Drayton. 



PART IX 13 

Bisshops Castel a very celebrate market. Shropshire. 

Castelles in Shropshire. 

Shrewsbiri. 

Brigenorth on Severn xiiii. myles from Shreusbiri lower 
on the river. 

Caurse a Castel on a hil v. myles from Shreusbiri by sowth 
west longging to the Duke of Bokingham, now to the Lorde 
Staford. 

Montgomeri the Kinges Castel (in the Shire, but not </<?,*) 
xii. myles from [Shrewsbyri.] It was ons a great wallid town 
caullid Cairovalduine. 

Chirburi Hunderid was annexid to Montgomerike as a 
help to have men out of hit for defence.f 

Ludlo xx. myles from Shreusbiri. 

Newport apon a brooke, or moore, xiiii. miles by east from 
Shreusbiri. 

Whitchirch apon a broket a xvi. [miles] by west from 
Shreusbiry. 

Draiton apon Terne river a xiiii. miles from Shreusbiri. 

Wigmore Castel a xx. myles from Shreusbiri standing on 
a brocket sumtime almost dry. 

Whittington, a castel of the Lorde Fizwaren's, vi. miles 
from Shreusbiri upward almost on Severn, and by this goith 
Offa's diche. 

Shrawardine iiii. miles from Shreusbiry, longging to the 
Erie of Arundel ii. miles from Whitington, bytwyxt Shreus- 
biri and hit. 

Redde Castel by Whitchirch, [a late the] Lorde Audeles. 
viii. myles plaine [northe] from Shreusbiri, now al ruinus. It 
hath bene strong and hath decayid many a day. 

Middle Castel longging to the Lord of Darbe iii. miles 
from Shrewsbyri, veri ruinus. 

[* These words not in Stow. See note, p. 14.] 
[t /.<?., before the act 27 Hen. VIII, c. 26. Cf. with " Leland in 
Wales," p. 54.] 

[J Stow. Omitted by Leland.] 

[ Leland corrected this name twice, from Shrawle to Shra warden. ] 

a Cause. 



H LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire. Morton Corbet in a marres, iiii. myles from Shreuisbiri by 
north, longging to the Corbettes. 

Knoking a Castel in Shropshire now a ruinus thing longid 
to the Lorde Lestraunge, and now to the Erie of Darby, 
fo. 33. Chorleton b Castel on Terne, longging to the Lord Poys, 
vi. miles from Shrewisbiri, and a myle from Tern village. 

Terne is to say a lake or poole. 

Cortham Castel apon Corfe riveret, (unde et Corvesdale^) 
xiiii. myles from Shreusbiri by south. 

Acton Burn el was a goodly manor place, or castel, iiii. 
myles from Shreusbyri, wher a Parliament was kepte in a 
greate barne. It longgid ons to the Lord Lovel, then to the 
Duke of Northfolke, and now to Syr John Dudle. 

Burnelles doughter was maried to the Lorde Lovel, and 
thereby the Lovelies landes encresid, and after was made 
Vicount Lovel. Lovel had Acton Burnel. 

Sum of thes castelles though they be yn Shropshire, yet 
thei be not de* For they be privilegid, and use their owne 
lawes and courtes, except the last statute let them. 

Oswestre Castel is now in Shropshire. 

Kensham c Castel clene doun, it stoode within a ii. milis 
of Ludlo on a hille toppe. 

Holgate d Castel (sumtime longing to the Lord Lovel) f 
stondeth under the Cle hilles harde by Corvesdale a vi. 
miles from Ludlo. The Duke of Northfolk exchaungid it 
for other landes with Mr. Dudeley. 

[* This curious expression, twice over, may be the shortened use of 
a Latin legal phrase like de comitatu, perhaps currently applied at the time 
and locally in the Marches of Wales to certain lordships, which, though 
really situated in a named county and therefore presumably owing suit 
to the shire town, were privileged to use their own laws and courts. 
The places were in the shire but not of it for purposes of public justice, 
until the Act of Union (27 Hen. VIII, cap. 26, 1535-36) annexed them 
to definite counties under the laws of England and declared their shire 
towns, adding that they " shall be in nowise otherwise privileged but as 
hundreds, lordships, towns, etc., united annexed and knytte " to the 
county of Salop, or otherwise. It was thus that " the last statute let [or 
hindered] them," this being the Act referred to by Leland. Montgomery, 
Whittington, Knockin, Cherbury, and Oswestry are among the places 
there named, sees. 6, 9. See "Leland in Wales," Pref. p. vii.] 

[t Marginal note in Leland.] 

a Knockin. b Charlton. c Caynham. d Holdgate. 



PART IX 15 

Bramscrofte, a very goodly place like a castel, longging to Shropshire, 
the Erie of Shrewsbiri. It stondeth in Cle Hilles or abowt 
them a ... miles from Ludlo. 

Stokesay longing sumtime to the Ludlos, now to the 
Vernuns, buildid like a castel v. miles owt of Ludlo. 

Syr Richard Ludlo had ii. doughters. One was marled to 
Humfrey Vernoun, and the other to Thomas Vernoun, 
bretherne to the late Syr Henry Vernoun of the Peke. The 
3. sun [of Henry maried one of Montgomerye's heyres.] 

Shepeton Corbet Castel a vi. or vii. miles from Ludlo al- 
most in the way bytwixt Ludlo and Bisshops Castel. 

Hopton Corbet" half way bytwixt Bisshops Castel and 
Wigmoore, and a iii. miles from Shepeton. 

Bisshops Castel well maintenid is set on a stronge rokke, 
but not veri hy. 


Abbays and Priories in Shropshire. 

The Abbay of Shrobbesbyri. b 

Album Monasterium by Albertbyri, long syns suppressid. 

Ombridge, Blake Chanons, in the way to London, ii. 
miles beyonde Welington market, and a ii. miles beyond 
Lincel d Abbay. 

Lincel, [or Lilleshull.]* 

Brerewoodde, 6 a priory of white nunnes lately suppressid, 
in the very marche of Shropshire toward Darbyshire. 

Billevoise/ Whit monkes. 

Haghmon. g Blake Chanons. 

Wenloch. Blak monkes. 

Tunge, h a litle thorough-fare betwixte Ulnorhampton * 
and Newport, 7. mile from Ulnorhampton, 5. from New- 
porte. It is in Shropshire. There is college and wardon, 
with an almose house of the auncient foundation of the 

[* Two words written on the MS. by Burton.] 



a Hopton Castle. b Shrewsbury. c Wumbridge. 

d Lilleshall. 

e Brewood in Staffordshire. Shropshire does not touch Derbyshire. 
* Buildwas Abbey. B Haughmond. h Tong. 

1 Wolverhampton ; Leland distinctly writes n for ( = ) in this 
name. 



16 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Shropshire. Vernouns of Haddon in the Peke. Many, or almost al, ly 
there that were famous of them sins the fundation. 

Ther was an olde castel of stone caullid Tunge Castel. 
It standith half a mile from the toune on a banke, under 
the wich rinnith the broke that cum[mith from Weston to 
Tunge. Weston is 2. miles of, and is in Stafordshire.] Syr 
Henry Vernoun a late daies made the castel new al of 
[brike.] 

Rivers in Shropshire, 
fo. 34- Severne. 

Terne risith nere Mere a village in Stafordshire ; it goeth 
by Draiton, Ternehil, Besteford and Slepe villages, and 
cummith into Severn at Acham village a ii. myles from 
Shrewsbyri. I hard otherwise that hit cam ynto Severn 
abowt Ternebridge. 

Corfe rising in Corvesdale cummith into Teme at Ludlo. 

Corvedale plentiful of corne strecchith from abowt Wen- 
lock to Ludlo. 

Ree b cummyng by Wenloche. 

Roden risith in the lake of Cumbremere.* After hit it 
runneth by Whitchirch, a good market town, by Lee c village, 
and Shabiry d village, and at Walcote into Terne. Ther be 
very gret bremes and other good fischis in Cumbremere. 

Oney e cummith into Teme abowt Eromefeld a celle to 
Glocestre. 

Harmer Pole a mile from Shrobbesbyri. 

Teme river enterith into the farther [syde of Severne not 
far from Powik mile/ a mile and a half beneth Wicester.] 

The site and commodites of the soile of Shropshire. 

Ther be founde in morisch and mossy ground a vii. miles 
from Shrobbesbyri, and yn other places of the Shire, fyr- 
woodde rootes, and also the hole trees hewen downe in olde 
time; but of whom, or for what cause, no man there can 

[* The Roden seems to rise in Colemere (near Ellesmere), and does 
not run near Whitchurch ; the rest of its course is rightly indicated. ] 



a Maer. b Rea r. of Shropshire. It is a long way off Wenlock. 

c Lee Brockhurst. d Shawbury. e Onny. f Powick mill. 



PART IX 17 

telle. They finde them lying yn the grounde, sumtime a Shropshire, 
foote or ii. depe, sumtime a v. or vi. foote depe. Many of 
them be of a greate lengthe, and withowt twysxe. Yn bren- 
ning they smel welle. 

Mortimers Clebyri a in Shropshire, a village and a parke by 
Wire forest, yn the way bytuixt Ludlo and Beudeley. 

Cle b hilles be devided ynto 3. partes. 

The hilles next to Wenlok be caullid the Broune Cle, and 
ther be dere. 

Sainct Margeretes Cle toward Ludlo. 

Theterston Cle c betwixt the forest of Wyre, where is fair 
timbre, and Ludlo. 

Ledewik broke d springith in Cle hilles, and renning a 
vii. miles goith into Teme at Burforde, wher is the house of 
the barony of Burforde longing to Mr. Cornwale. 

Cle hilles begin a iiii. miles from Tembyri, and strech 
within a iiii. miles of Wenlok. So that be gesse I cownt them 
in lenght an viii. or x. miles. 

In these hilles risith Rhe e river, and at Newton Milles in 
Wicestreshire a iii. miles beneth Tembyri cummith into 
Tame.* 

The limites of Shropshire. 

Blakemere, a very large parke nye to White-Chirche, ys 
(as I have harde say) yn sum parte a limes betwixte Shrop- 
shire and Chestreshire. In the parke is a fair maner place. 

Monkbridge, a mile beneth Tembyri, is (as I ther hard 
say) a limes to Wicestreshire, Shropshir, and Herfordshire.f 

Langfelde Dale. 

Strettons Dale. 

Syr Richarde Manoring, chefe of that name, dwellith a fo. 35. 
iii. miles be est from Price f village at a village caullid 
Hightfelde, g having a parke and greate plenty of wood 
about hym. 

[* Leland has Teme in error. This Rea runs through Worcester and 
Warwick shires.] 

[t Names of gentlemen in Shropshire are given in vol. iii (Wales), 
pp. 64, 67.] 

a Cleobury Mortimer. b Clent Hills. c Titerstone Clee. 

d Ledwyche brook. e Rea r. f Frees. 

g Ightfield. 
V. C 



i8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Shropshire. Sandford dwellith at Sanforde, wher is onely his place 
and a parke, iii. miles be south from Whitechirch. 

Newport dwellith at a place caullid Archaule. a It stond- 
ith betwixt Roden and Terne rivers toward their mouthes. 

Syr John Talbot dwellith a xvi. miles from Shrewsbyri in 
the way to London toward Hampton village. His howse 
stondith in a parke [called Pepper Hill.]* 

Appley a The hedde howse of the Chorletons [is now at] Appley, 

Manor Place. na }f a m ji e f rO m Welington market, a mile from the Wreken 

hilles. Howbeit Chorleton castel semith in time past to have 

bene the principal. Ther be divers of the Chorletons gentil- 

men of Shropshire. 

Chorleton of Chorleton" Castel maried the heyre of the 
Lorde Powis, and Gray. Sins Lorde Poys maried Chorle- 
ton's heyre. 

Arture Newton hath almost made away al his landes. 

Yerne is made yn certen places of Shropshire, and especi- 
ally yn the wooddes betwixte Belvoys 6 and Wenloke. 

Colys be diggid hard by Ombridge, where the priory was. 

fo. 36. Market townes in Staforshir.f 

Staford. 

There is a fre schole for grammar in Stafford made by Syr 
Thomas Countre parsone of Ingestre by Heywodde, and Syr 
Randol a chauntre preste of Stafford. 
Lichefeld. 

Countre and Randol made S. Cedde steple, a fair square 
tour, and the belles in Stafford toun. 

New Castle New Castel under Line. The paroche is at Stok on 
undar Lyne. [Trent] % a good mile of. The toune usith to cum to a 

[* Three words seem to have been written by Burton on Leland's 
MS.] 

[t The leaf 36 was bound into vol. viii of Leland's MS. (where it 
stands, pp. 53, 54, but is bound in by the wrong margin). The damp 
marks also show that it belonged to this place in Leland's vol. vii. It 
contains the portions above printed "Market towns in Stafordshir 
Duddely castel . . yn Stafordshir," p. 2O.] 

[I Leland wrote Terne. Burton corrects this in the margin.] 



a Ercall. 



b Charlton. 



c Buildwas. 



PART IX 



19 



chapel of S. Sonday * by the castel. Al the castel is doune The Chapel 
save one great toure. Ther was a house of Blak Freres yn f s - Sonday 
the south^side of the toune. tn f S* 

rr> 11 1 1 1 J t" g JOUn. 

Burton apon 1 rent hath but one parocn chirch and a g urton ^^ 
chapel at the bridge end. Trent cumpasith a great peace of Trent, 
the towne. Many marbelers working in alabaster. 

Uttok Cestre a one paroche chirch. The menne of the Utokcester. 
towne usith grasing, for there be wonderful pastures apon 
Dove. It longgith to the erledom of Lancaster. 

It is in the way to Derby from Stafford : and is 9. mile 
est north est from Stafforde. 

[A fre scole foundid bi a prist, Thomas Allen. He 
foundyd an otharat Stone in the reigne of Queen Mari.Jf 

Tutburi a smaul market. 

Wulnerhampton J a very good market town. In it is a 
fre schole made by Syr Stephane Jenning Maire of London. 

Tamworth. 

The college of Windesore give the prebendes of Wulner- 
hampton, and the dean of Wyndesor is [deane there] . . . 

Tetenhaul a village and a college about a myle from Wul- 
nerhampton. 

Castelles in Staffordshire. 

Stafforde not far from Staford town on the river of Sow. 

The castel or preaty pile of Careswel iiii. myles by north 
fro Stone a late a priori of chanons sumtyme belonging to 
the Montgomerikes, now to the Giffard. 

Lichefeld in old tyme had a castel. 

Ther is a causey thorough the pole to the castel, and 
dyvers brid[g]es yn the causey: a water issuith by them 
through the causey. This castel standith yn low ground. 
And it standith as a mediamnis yn the poole, the water 
wherof is yn sum part a quarter of mile brode yn sum 
place, and yn sum lesse. 

[* Leland first wrote Salviour, then corrected as above.] 

[t Added by Stow, but not in Leland's MS.] 

[t Leland first wrote Uller, then corrected to Wulnerhampton.] 

[ Leland first wrote Cawsewel. Now Caverswall.] 



Uttoxeter. 



20 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Stafford- New Castel under Line, so cawllid of a brooke renning 

shire. therby, or of an hille or wodd therby, so cawllid. There 

cummith a broke owt of the pole aboute the castel. It 

longgid to the Duke of Lancaster. Brok renning oute of 

. . . poole cummith by the toun* 

Hely a a castel of the Lord Audeleys, and a 2. miles of is 
Audeley village, wherby sum think that it is cawllid Hely 
Castel for Audeley Castel. The tenauntes of Audeley cum 
to this castel. 

Tutbiri Castel longging to the King now by the Duke of 
Lancastre. It was afore Ferrares Castel Erie of Darby. 

Eccleshaul Castel longging to the Bisshop of Chester. 

There be a v. greate poolys. a broke cummith thorough 
them, and thens issuing oute. 

Sturseley, or Stourton, Castel withoute fayle is in Staford- 
shir, and I hard that there was a Lorde Storton a baron of 
this Storton. It is the Kinges. Pole lay at it by licens; [and 
there Cardinal Pole was borne.] f 

Tamworth Castel apon Anker river longging to one of the 
Ferrars. Parte of Tamworth toune stondith in Stafordshir, 
part [yn Warwike. But the castel hole withowt fayle yn 
Warwikeshire. 

Not veri far from Stone priori appereth the place wher 
King Woulphers castel or manor place was. This Byri 
hille J stode on a rok by a broke side. Ther appere great 
dikes and squarid stones. It is a mile from Stone toward the 
more lande. 

Duddeley Castel hard on the borders of Wyrcestreshire, 
but the castelle self standith yn Stafordshir. 

fo. 37. Rivers in Stafordshire. 

Sow . . . andrennith by St&ford, per aenofo'um S. Thomae 
a good mile of, by Shutborow, b and at Heywood bridge 
into Trent. 

[* Note in margin.] [t These words perhaps added by Burton.] 

[J Stone is in the hundred of Pirehill.] 

[ Leland left a blank after each name of a river on this folio ; some 
he filled in, others still remain blank ; a and b are marginal remarks. ] 



a Heyley Castle. b Shugborough. 



PART IX 21 

Trent. Stafford- 

a. I have the cours of Treant to Newarke. shire. 
Dove. 

Pen fluviolus per Penchrike, 6 prope Staford in Sow de- 
labitur. 
Churnet. 

b. I have perfectly the course of Churnet. 

Blithyfo. springith at Whetle moore. It rennith by Drai- 
cote village, Teyne a village, and about Vttokcester goith into 
Dove.* 

Tame risith . . . per pontem Tamensem, Hamesworth b 
pagum, Aschton, Birmicham, per Crudworth" Bridge, Kinis- 
byri, [Fares/eY pagum, Tamesworth, et apud Wiknor \Bridge 
in TrentamJ] 

Kinisbyri is a fair manor place and a lordship of [140. //. 
One Brasebridge is lord of it. It is in Warwikshir.] 

Abbaies and prioris in Stafordshir. 

Ther wer dyverse tumbes of the lordes of Stafford in 
Stone priory made of alabaster. The images that lay on 
them were after the suppression of the house caryed to the 
Freers Augustines in Forde bridg," alias Stafford Grene, as 
flumen. And yn this freres hong apetigre of the Staffordes. 

S. Johns a fre chapelle on the grene at Staford hard by 
Sow ryver.f 

The Gray Freres were at the other ende of the toun, ultra 
flumen. 

Mr. Stretey of Lichefeld told me that one Langton 
Bisshop of Lichefeld made the fair palace at Lichefeld, and 
the close waulle, and that he made Eckleshaul castel/ Shoc- 
borow 8 maner place, and the palace by Stroude. This Lang- 
ton was tresorerto Edward the firste.J 

Ther is a chace grounde h yn Stafordeshir having deere 

[* It is the river Tean which runs into the Dove.] 

[t In the margin of the original.] 

[ Walter Langton, bishop of Lichfield, a rich man, died 1321.] 



* Tean. b Handsworth. c Curdworth. 

d Kingsbnry, Fazeley. e At Stafford. ' Eccleshall. 

8 Shugborough. h Cannock Chace. 



22 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Stafford- caullid the vii. Hayes, lying betwixt Lichefeld and Wulnor- 
shire. hampton. 

Tcddeslechase. There is a praty chace by Pencriche a of [the Kinges,] 
where [Littleton of Pillenhaul is foster by inheritaunce.]* 

f- 38. Forestes, parkes and chasis in Staford[shire.] 

The forest of Neede Wodde b by Tuttebryi, and betwixt 
Tuttebyri and Lichefelde; but the nerest part of it is a v. 
miles from Lichefeld. There long to Tutbyri Honor 4. 
parkes. The Castel Hay, Hanbyri, Barton, and the New 
Park. This forest is mervelusly plenishid with dere. 

Cank c Foreste a great thing, merely longging to the 
Bisshoprik of Lichefeld. Ther is Bewdesert his place and 
parke (Bewdesert in Langedon paroch; and yn this paroch 
is a great peace of Cank Forest.) and Shucborough d his 
place (were is a park now of red dere) is yn the side of 
Cank Woode. Shukborow was ons Suchborows with the 
long berd, and he, as sum say, gave it to the mitre of Liche- 
feld. I know no certente of this gifte. 

Sum caulle Shokesborow Heywood by cause it standith 
by it. 

Ther is a fair poole betwixt Cank Wood and Shukes- 
borow. 

Ther ly a v. fayre pooles by the castel of Eccleshaul, and 
the park of Blore a 2. miles of in the same lordship is a v. 
or vi. miles abowte, and is the bisshops, and is ful of won- 
derful fair wood. The chase of Sutton v. miles owte of 
Lichefeld, wherof parte was yn Staford, and parte in War- 
wikeshir. It is now clene put downe. And this is the place 
wher Veysi t Bisshop of Excestre hath plantid housis of stone 
and bryk, and many good dwellers yn them. 

One Mountford a knight, atteyntid in Henry the vii. 

[* These two paragraphs are on the bottom of fo. 37. Stow copied 
them as though written on the bottom of the next page, omitting the 
paragraph ' ' one Mountford " that really stands there. Both leaves have 
lost the lower edge.] 

[t John Harman or Voysey became bishop of Exeter in 1519.] 



a Penkridge, Teddesley Chace. 
c Cannock. 



b Needwood. 
d Shugborough. 



PART IX 2-. 

tymes, had a manor place here caullid Sutton by Sutton Stafford- 
toun. This Mountford had a house in Warwikshire caullid 
Colleshil Haul, and a park [that was given to Syr Simon 
Dygby, Leutenaunt of the Toure of London.] 

The limites of Stafordshire.* 



The site of the shire and commodites of the soile. 

Se coles at Weddesbyri 8 a village a 5. miles from Liche- 
felde by west south west. 

Waulleshal b a litle market toune in Stafordshir a mile by 
north from Weddesbyri. Ther be many smithes and bytte- 
makers yn the towne. It longgith now to the King, and 
there is a parke of that name scant half a mile from the 
towne yn the way to Woluerhampton. 

At Walleshaul be pittes of se coles, pittes of lyme that 
serve also South Toun c 4. miles of. There is also yren owre. 

Market townes in Chestershire.f 

Chestre apon Dee. 

Nantwich apon Wiver, d xiiii. miles be west from Chester. 
The paroche chirch is impropriatid to Cumbremer. 6 Sum 
say that Acton is the mother chirch. It is no market. 

Northwich apon Wyver, xii. myles from Chestre. It hath 
but a chapel. The paroch chirch is a mile of at Budworth 
impropriatid to Norton. 

Maxwelle f hard on the egge under Maxwel forest, and yet 
oute of the foreste: xxiiii. myles northwest J from Chestre 
toward Darbishire. 

Congleton apon Dane a xx. myles from Chester; plaine 
easte oute of Chester, and vi. miles owte of Northwike. 

[* A blank follows this heading.] 

[t See more notes on Cheshire in vol. iii, pp. 91, 92, and the short 
narrative, vol. iv, pp. 2-5.] 
[J Leland's error ; it is East.] 



fo. 39. 



Cheshire, 
fo. 40. 



a Wednesbury. 
d Weaver. 



Walsall. 

e Combermere. 



c Sutton Coldfield. 
f Macclesfield. 



24 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cheshire. Knottesforde a market xviii. miles by north est. It hath but 
a chapel. The paroch chirch is a[t]* Aspebyrif a mile of. 

Stoppord b apon Mersey a vi. miles from Manchestre. The 
paroch chirch is yn the toune. 

Mr. Warine is caullid there Baron of Stoppord. For one 
of the Warines of Chestershire maried one Stoppord baron 
of Stopporde doughter and heyre aboute Henry the 4. dayes. 
The auncienter house longging to Warines was Poynton, 
wher he lyith now, for Stoppord maner place is dekayid. At 
Poynton is a parke. Pointon ys yn the mydle way betuixt 
Stoppord an[d]J Maxwel toune, 4. mile from eche. It is in 
Prestebyri paroch, yn the wich paroche be divers places of 
auncient gentilmen. 

Castelles in Chestershire. 

Chester. 

Biston c Castel buildid or reasdifiyd by Ranulf Erie of 
Chestre. 

Haulton d Castel buildid by Randol Erie of Chestre. It 
standeth abowt the side of Mersey, within a myle of his 
banke, and within a mile of Runcorn, now a poore townlet 
by a salt creke. 

Shotte Wike e yn Wyral. 

Looke whither Charteley Castel, buildid by Ranulph Erie 
of Chestre, be in Chestershire. 

Charteley is yn Stafordeshire an viii. miles from Deuleu- 
crese f Abbay, and a v. myles from Uttokcestre Market. 
Ther is a mighty large parke. The olde castel is now yn 
ruine; but olde Yerle Randol, as sum say, lay in it, when 
he buildid Deuleucres Abbay. This Castel stondith a good 
flite shot from the building and goodly manor place that 

[* Omitted by Stow. Letter t supplied by L. T. S.] 
[t There seems to be some error here. I cannot identify Aspebury.] 
[J Leland wrote an. Stow omits this paragraph, from "The aun- 
cienter."] 

[ This is Leland's first note, afterwards filled in by the following 
lines. ] 



Stafford- 
shire. 



Knutsford. 
d Halton. 



b Stockport. 
e Shot wick. 



c Beeston. 

f Dieulacresse Abbey. 



PART IX 25 

now is ther, as the principal house of the Ferrars, and cam 
to them be similitude by maryage. 

There was a place of the Lorde Audeleys in Chestreshire Cheshire, 
betuixt Cumbremere and Nantwiche caullid Newhaule 
Tower. It is now doune. There be motes and fair water. 

Rivers in Chestreshire. fo. 41. 

Deva. a I have his course.* 
Wyver. b I have his course. 

Above Frodesham, Wyver by himself goith to the se. 

Daven, alias Dane, risith in the hundered of Maxfeld 
wher the forest ys. The hedde off Dane is in the very 
bordre of Darbyshire and Maxwel Forest. And as yt is 
saide, abowt the hedde of this River be the limites of 
Chestreshire, Stafordshir and Darbishir. 

After that Dane cummith a 3. miles beneth the hedde, 
if rayne cum fast it ragith on stones, thoug after it cum- 
mith from Congleton it runnith on ground sumwhat 
morisch. 

Abbais and prioris in Chestreshire. 

Right agayne Lyrpoole d ii. miles over Mersey was a 
priory of canons cawllid Northtton," now suppressid.f 

Forests and chacys and parkes in Chestershire. fo. 42. 

The faire and large forest of Delamare, beside the wich I 
remembre none, and there is plenty of redde deere and 
falow. 

The hole Foreste of Maxwel except it be a smaul spek is 
yn Chestre. 

J Notable places of Gentilmen in Chestershir. 

[* See vol. iii, pp. 67, 68. The blanks after each name still remain.] 

[t This paragraph heads a blank page.] 

[J Stow omits the following notes on "places of Gentilmen in Ches- 
tershir" on fos. 42, 43 of the MS., except that he oddly copies a mar- 
ginal note on Bostok, fo. 43, and another on Randol Manoring, once 
at the lower edge of the same folio, but now cut off. Stow omits several 
other short passages in his copy of this Part. ] 

The Dee r. b Weaver r. Dane r. 

d Liverpool. e Norton Priory. 



26 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cheshire. In the southe side of the Forest of Delamere. 

Syr John Downe, alias Dane, dwellith at Utkenton a 
within iii. miles of Gunbyri, a mile from Torperle, b a long 
pavid village, or thoroug fare, and iiii. miles from Vale 
Royal. 

The firste house of the Egertons is at Egerton in Malpas 
paroche. He hath also the Manor of Oldeton. 

The auncientis of the Egertons dwellith now at Oldeton, 
and Egerton buildeth ther now. 

The second of the howse of the Starkeis is at Darle d 
abowte a v. miles from Northwiche, a scant mile from Olde- 
ton, and a 3. miles from Vale Royal. 

The frutefulnesse of the soile of Chestreshire. 

Bunbyri a gentilman not in, but hard by, Wyraul. 

Iriene Breton maried William Hanford of Handforde, 6 
heyre. But she had a sun afore by Syr John Standely, 
bastard to Standely, Bisshop of Helye. 

Syr Richard Brereton, a younger sun to Syr Randol of 
Brereton, maried the onle doughter of Wylken Standeley, 
and heyre to Syr Geffrey Massey of Tatton Manor and 
Parke. 

Mere of the Mere 2. mile from Knotesford, a man of a 
C. marke land. 

Le of Hyle, f the auncientest of the Lees of this contery, a 
mile from Knotesford. 

Le of Bouth e half a mile from Knotesford, and hath a 
park. 

Le of Adelington a mile from Prestby, a man of 3. C. mark 
lande. 

Leyrcester of Tabeley betwixt Northwich and Knottesford 
a 3. miles from eche. 

Leyrcester of* ... yonger brother of ... Toste his 
manor place, a man of a C. marke lande. 

[* No blanks indicated, yet two words are wanting. This note is 
written on the margin, like many others on these three folios 42-44.] 



Utkinton. b Tarporley. c Oulton. d Darley. 

8 Handforth. f High Leigh. e Booth. 



PART IX 27 

Daniel of Table," a mile from Leyrcestre.* Cheshire. 

Bouth of Dunham dwellith at Dunham a 3. miles from 
Knottesford. It hath a fair parke, and is a myle from 
Altringham a pore thing, wher is a mayre. 

Bouth of Barton in Lancastreshire is the auncienteste. 

Bouth Bisshop of Hereforde was of f yonger brother of 
Bouth of Barton in Lancastreshire. 

Davenport of Bromehaule b 2 miles from Stopporde by 
West dwellith at Bromehaule. He hath a 2. markes landes. 

Davenport of Woodeforde a 2. myles from Bromhaule. 

The best and firste house of the Davenportes is at Daven- 
port a great old house coverid with leade on the ripe of 
Daven, 3. miles above Congleton. 

Davenport of Henbyri cummith oute of this house. 

Henbyri c place is a 2. miles playne north from Maxfeld. 
At Henbyri is a greate poole. This Davenport hath a peace 
of Bechetons landes. Fitton of Goseworth had a nother Fitton. 
peace. Fitton dwellith at Goseworth d now, but \ not part of 
Becheton landes. 

Syr Perce of Dutton chefest hovvse is in Dutton a viii. miles fo. 43. 
from Chestre. 

Hatton a fair place longging to Syr Perse of Dutton, 
abowte a 4. litle miles from Chestre. 

Bostok of Bostok in Henry the 7. tyme had a doughter 
and heyre maryed to Syr John Salvage. Bostok was of 
a very auncientnes yn Chestershire, and yn Daneham 
paroche; and both Bulkles of this paroche, and Lestwike 
also. 

The last Bulkle of Eton" was nepos. Venables doughter 
was his wife, yet alive. 

Bulcle of Whatcroft a 2. mile from the Northwich now 
dwelling yn Wales. William of Bulkle/ chefe Justice of 
Chester, was setter up of Eiton. Bulkle of Eyton had sum 
land afore he was Justice. These 2. Bulkles contend either 

[* I.e., the family Leicester of Tabley.] 

[t Sic. Perhaps error for a.] 

[J No blank, but hath seems to be omitted.] 



a Tabley. b Bramhall. c Henbury Hall (due west). 

d PGawsworth. e Eaton. f Bulkeley. 



28 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Cheshire, to be the elder house of that name. The name rose by 
a lawyer. Bulkle of Wales ys a man of far greater land 
then the other. Bulkle of Elton's stok cam to a doughter, 
and Lestewich had her; but Syr Gul. of Breton bought 
Eyton. 

^Egerton, one of the yongger brethern of Egerton of Eger- 
ton, dwellith at Ridle within a halfe mile of Bukle Hille wher 
Ridle Poole. the hedde of Wyver river is, and neere is a poole of a mile and 
more in lenghthe, and owte of [it] issuith an arme, that sone 
after goith into Wyver, and straite moche encresith hit. 
This Ridle Hawlle a made of a poore hold place the fairest 
gentleman's howse of al Chestreshire by Syr William 
Stondeley, helper to King Henry the vii., and he was at- 
teinted, and Ridle was given to Rafe Egerton. There is a 
very large p . . . 

Ridle longid to Danyel, that was servant to Syr W . . . 
Standle. and few men know what becam of this D . . . 

Spurstow hath a place b a mile of* ... and a poole by 
hit cawllid Newpoole. 

Bunbyri College half a mile of. Syr Hugh Calv[eley] 
made the college of Bunbyri about Henry the 5. dayes. 

Syr Hugh Calveley and Syr Robert Knolles were com- 
panions and great menne of warre. 

Biston dwellith at Biston half a mile from Biston Castel. 

Davenport dwellith a iii. dim. [miles] f from Bis[ton] by 
easte at a place cawllid Calve[ley], havyng certen very hy 
trees abowte his house that men may se very far of. This 
Davenport is of lesse landes then the residew. 

Prestland dwellith at Wordele c in Bunbery paroche. It 
Bar flu. is a mile from Calveley. A mile and a half thens is Bar- 
bridge and ther rennith Bar riveret, after cumming into 
Wyver. 

Syr Randol Manoring dwellith at Bad[ele] d a 3. miles 

[* The upper part of the letter R (as it seems) is extant in the original, 
perhaps it should be Ridle. Hearne. Most of the right edge of fo. 43 
is torn, causing loss of a word at end of each line. L. T. S.] 

[t Omitted in MS.] 



a Ridley Hall. 
c Wardle. 



b Spurstow Hall. 
d Baddiley. 



PART IX 29 

from Nant Wiche by south west, [and hath a parke] and a Cheshire, 
mere caulyd Badlemere.* 

Starkey the auncients of that stokke dwellith at Wenbyri a fo. 43 b. 
a mile and a half from Cumbremere. There is a parke ful 
of mervelus faire wood, but no dere. Abowte these ii. places 
is plenty of woodde. 

Nedam a knight dwellith at Shenton a iiii. miles from 
Cumbremere by est. He hath buildid a faire house. It is 
motid. Shenton ys yn Shropshire, and Syr John Nedam 
was chefe Justice of Chestre, much set up this name. 

Cranage manor and place yn Chestershir 3. miles from 
Midlewich longith to Nedam of Shenton. The manors of 
Badington, Bromold and Austason cam to Syr Robert 
Nedam that now livith by his mother, one of 3. heyres of 
Syr John Braundeley. The 2 d . doughter was maried to 
Geralde of Brin in Lancastershire, and he had Braundele" 
the hedde house, and Wynnington, both in StafFordshir, 
and other lordshipes beside. Harper of Ruschaule c had the 
3. and with her the lordship of Cholmeston d 2. miles from 
Nantwich. 

Braundeley f the hedde house of Braundeley f the knight 
in Stafordshir in the greate large paroch of Eccleshaul, wher 
the Bisshop of Chester castel is. 

Syr John Oldford of Oldford a mile from the North- 
wich. 

Fowleciste a iiii. [miles] | from Nantwiche sowth est 
hath a faire place, and a man of fair landes. He is a 
knight. 

John Ascheley of Ascheley 2. myle out of Knotesford. 

Syr Henry Delves dwellith a iii. miles est from Nantwiche, 
and hath a fayr house. 

Richard Letewich of Letewich e . . . mile from North- 
wiche ... on Dane . . . ik a mile . . . then Northwice. 

t* Fo. 43, like fos. 37, 38, has the lower edge cut off since Hearne's 
day. This paragraph is copied by Stow.] 

[t Burton has corrected these words to Bromley, on the MS.] 
[t Hearne's addition.] 



Wrenbury. b Bromley, Staff. c Rushall. 

rt Cholmondeston. e Leftwich. 



30 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cheshire. Malpas. 

. . . arbyri of ... rbyri, wher . . . great Poole . . . e 
from . . . Northwik. 

. . . rse Wer . . . hath is ... cient house . . . Wer- 
breton . . . Mersey and dwellith . . . reley. He . . . the 
Winington . . . Winningtons [Lands] 2. C. markes . . . 
ere. In al he hath 5. C. markes by yere. 

Calveley dwellith at a maner place cawllid Le, a v. miles 
from Biston b by south west. 

The seconde howse of the Breertons wher Syr Randol a 
late dwellid, ys at Malpas, a litle Sonday market * having 
iii. streates al pavid. His fair place is at the very ende of 
the south streate. Syr Randol erected a gramer schole ther, 
and an hospital. 

Cholmeley dwellith at Cholmeley Haul, a fair howse, 
having a litle mere by hit, a fair woode, and a mosse of 
fyrwod. It is yn the middes of the way betwixt Malpas and 
Bunbyri iii. miles from eche. 

The eldest howse of the Breertons is Bruerton hawle c by 
the Middle Wiche, possessid now of Syr Wylliam Breerton. 

Mynshul dwellith at Mynshul f a v. miles west from the 
Midle Wiche. 

Venables borne J of Kindreton dwellith at Kindreton by 
the Midle Wiche. Venables be auncient gentilmen. 

In Wyrale. 

Standeley a knight. 

Pole a knighte. 

. . hunter [Massey at Puddington. 
. . enour. . _ % ravenor . . . dwellith clene . . . ] 

[* "A market." A faint line is crossed through these words, as 
though they were erroneous.] 

[t Minshull. Leland corrected west to north; both are wrong it 
should be south-west.] [t The MS. has barne.~\ 

[ This edge was evidently torn in Hearne's day ; it is now cut, and 
the fragments he saw are gone. L. T. S. ". . ravenor . ." Forsan Gra- 
venor, corruptly for Grosvcnor, a known family in Cheshire. This con- 
jecture is owing to Mr. THOMAS RAWLINSON, who confirms it from 
the word . . . hunter in the margin, Grosvenor being nothing but a 
great Hunter. Hearne.] 



Leigh. 



b Beeston, Cheshire. 



c Brereton Hall. 



PART IX 31 

Market townes in Darbyshire.* Derbyshire. 

Darby.f fo - 44- 

Oresworth." 
Bakewelle. 

Ascheburn in the Peke. 
Chestrefeld in the Peke. 
Maunsefeld. 

Castelles in Darbishire. 

Duffeld had a Castel. 
Horeston. 

Codnore, sumtyme longging to the Lorde Greys, v. mylis 
bi east from Horeston. It is now al ruinose. 
Castel of the hy Peke longging to the King. 

Rivers in Derbishire. fo. 45. 

Darwent risith plaine west a litle above Blakwel b a 
market town. To Darle in the Peke, to Wennesle c village, 
to Mattelok village, to Crumford village, and thorough 
Crumford bridge, to Watstonde Wei d Bridge, to ... Darle, 
Darby, Sawla c feri, v. miles be land from Darby, wher it 
goith into Trente. 

Trent. 

Manifold. 

Ambre f risith east of Chestrefeld, and leveth ii. myles on 
the lift hand onto us, to Winfeld g village an viii. myles, to 
Ambrebridge ii. myles, to Chriche h Chase a wood, fast by 
wher hit runneth into Darwent. 

Wye river good for troutes risith in Darbishire nere S. 
Anne of Bukstanes ' Welle, so to Bakewel a market town, to 
Haddon, and therabowt Wye cummith into Darwent. 

^glesburn k risith in a roche in the paroche of Oreworthe, 1 

[* Leland's few other notes on Derbyshire are in vol. i, pp. 21, 96.] 
[t A space is left after each name on this and the next folio, but 
few were filled in.] 

a Probably Wirksworth. 

b Leland confuses this place with Bakewell on the Wye. 

Wensley. d Whatstandwell. c Sawley. 

1 Amber r. Wingfield. h Crich. 

' Buxton. k Ecclesbourn r. ' Wirksworth. 



32 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Derbyshire, thens to Iderse a a iii. myles, to Dofeld b chirch a iii. myles. 
A litle beyound Dovefeld b chirch at a* place Eglesburn 
muthe goith ynto Darwent. 

Abbais and Priories in Darbishire.f 
fo. 46. The Limites of Darby. 

The Frutefulnes of the Shire. 
Forestes and Chasis in the Shire. 

Notable Places of Gentilmen. 
fo. 47. The Limites of Lincolnshire. 

Market Townes in Kesten. c 

Staneforde. 

Bourne. 

Deping Market chirche is dedicate to S. Gude[lake.] 

The chyrch of the other Deping is dedicate to S. 
Ja[mes.] 

A mile from Deping Market is the ruine of a c[astel], 
caullid Maxeye, wherof sum parte stondith [yet.] It was 
be al likelyhod the Lorde Wakes house. Of late dayes it 
apparteynid to the Countes of Richemont, King Henry the 
7. mother by the right of the. . . + 

Lincoln- Sleforde toune nor market is of no price. The orna- 
shire. mentes of it is the Bisshop of Lincoln's castel, and the late 
fo. 48. L or de Husey's house. 

Kyme the goodly house and parke is a 3. miles from 
Sleford. 

Grantham. 

[* So both in the orig. and Stowe. Hearne.'} 

[t These headings, as well as many of the names following, have 
large spaces left, which have never been filled.] 

[ The lower edge of fo. 47 is torn. In the margin part of a note can 
be seen, as follows : Holand Lord of Maxey. Depyng market ad differ, 
alter, op. ejusd. nominis . . . ncti.~\ 

* Idridgehay. b Duffield. c Kesteven. 



PART IX 33 

From Stanford to Granteham al yn Kesten, and by meatly Lincoln- 
good plenty of woode, xviii. myles. shire. 

From Stanforde, to Bechefeld," a meane thorough fare, 
xii. mile, much playne grounde, savinge in the partes aboute 
Bichefeld self. 

From Bichefeld to Ankester, a poore thorough fare, al by 
playne and much hethy grounde. 

From Ankestre to Lincolne xvi. miles, al by like playne 
grounde in Kestene. 

Here marke that al this hethe or playne from Bichefeld to 
Lincolne berith the name of Ankester. 

From Burne in Kesten to go thorough hy Holland to 
Boston xx. miles al by low grounde and much marsch, and 
no woode in maner.* 

Low Holande. fo. 49. 

Croylande. 
Quappelode, vulgo Hoplode. b 

Hye Holand. 

Boptolpstoune c stondith harde on the river of Lindis. 
The greate and chifiest parte of the toune is on the este 
side of the ryver, where is a faire market place and a crosse 
with a square toure. The chife paroche chirche was at 
S. John's, where yet is a chirch for the toune. S. Botolph's 
was but a chapel to it. But now it is so risen and adournid 
that it is the chifiest of the toune, and for a paroche chirche 
the beste and fayrest of al Lincolnshire, and servid so with 
singging, and that of cunning men, as no paroche is in al 
England. The society and bretherhodde [longging] to this 
chirch hath caussid this, [and now] much lande longgith to 
this society. 

The stepil being quadrata turris^ and a lanterne on 
it, is both very hy and faire, and a marke bothe by se 
and lande for all the quarters thereaboute. There is a 

[* Hearne saw a few letters on the torn lower edge of fo. 48, since 
cut off. Stow's last word is "maner," as above.] 



a Bitchfield. b Now Whaplode. 

c Boston, on the Witham r. 
V. D 



34 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lincoln- goodly fonte, wherof part is of white marble, or of stone 
shire. ver y \fe e t o j t 

[There] be 3. colleges of Freres, Gray, [Blake] and 
Augustines. There ys al[so an hosjpital for poore men, 
and yn the [towne, or] nere to it the late Lorde Hus[e 
had a] place with a stone toure. Al the bu[ilding] of this 
side of the toune is fa[yre,] and marchauntes duelle yn 
it; and [a staple] of wulle is usid there. There is [a bridg] 
of wood to cum over Lindis ynto [this part] of the toune, 
and a pile of stone [set yn] the myddle of the ryver. The 
streame wherof is sumtymes as suifte as it we[re an arow.] 

On the west syde of Lindis is one lon[g strete], and on 
the same side is the White [Freres.] 

The mayne se ys vi. miles of Bost[on. Dy verse good 
shipps and othar vessells ryde there.] 

fo. 50. The Lord Wyllougby had a house at Heresby,* and a 
parke of blak dere a 2. miles from Spilesby, wher, as I 
heere say, [he] * entendith to build sumptuusly. 

Spilesby, a mene market toune having houses most 
parte thakkid, and sum redid. In it is one meately faire 
place, longging to one Hastinges, a gentilman which cam 
from Southfolk, where he hath lande. This toune is v. miles 
est from Home Castel, and about as much from the se side 
as in the midle way: and it standith on the egge of the 
midle marsche of Lowe Lyndesey. 

Rivulus praeterlabitur, and many springes be about it, 
and the soile sandy. 

Alford xvi. miles from Boston. Alforde, a meane market 
toune in Low Lindesey Marsche a . . . f myle from the 
maine se. The toune is al thakkid and redid, J and a brooke 
cummith by it. 

There is goode whete and benes in moste paroches of 
the low marsche yn Lindesey, but litle barle as yn stiffe 
clay grounde. 

No woode yn the low marsche of Lindesey. 

[* Omitted in MS. This note (a marginal one) not copied by Stow.] 

[t Blank in MS.] 

[t Covered with reed, "reeded."] 



Eresby. 



PART IX 35 

At Hutetost a Marsch 4. miles of cum shippes yn from Lincoln- 
divers places and discharge. shire. 

Wayneflete a praty market stonding on a creke nere to the 
se. To this toune long smaul vessels. 

The schole, that Wainflete Bisshop of Winchestre [made 
ther] and endowid with x. li. lande, is the most notable 
[thing of that toune.] 

Waynflete vii. myle from Alford toward [Boston.] 

Louthe. 

Raisun market. 5 

Castre standith on a clive side half [a] mile of from 
Ankeholme ryver, [and a] iiii. myles from Langford Bridge, 
and [toward] a vi. miles est from Spitel. There is a 
S[atarday] market. The toune almoste al thakkid, and in 
hominum memoria often hurte with fyer. There is speking 
of a fortres that hath sumtyme bene ther. There cummith 
springes from the hilles by Castre. 

Launford. Forsan Langforde. 

Grimesby. 

Tatershaule apon Bane ryver; and the Aye or [Rhe], d a 
greate river, is aboute a mile of. It is preati smaul market. 
It is a v. miles from Hornecastel, and 3. from Barden[ey.] 

Home Castelle, as far [as I can] lerne, is [now] moste 
buildid withyn the circuite of an [old waul]lid toune, or sum 
hughe castel,* as app[erith from] divers mines of a waulle. 
It hath one [faire paroche] chirch. Alluitur Bano et Verino 
qui paulo infra \pp. anumJ\ 

Dr. Thybleby of the Quenes College hath [la]ndes about 
the olde waulles of Home Castel. Waring risith of divers 
springis aliquot passuum millibus ab oppido. 

. . . petit. Pons ibi est super Verinumflu. 

The market is very good and quik, occupiers in the toun 
. . . wood hard. . . . 

Bullingbroke hath ons a yere a faire, [but it] hath no 

[* Stow omits the rest of this paragraph, but the bracketed words 
now destroyed must have been seen by Hearne.] 



Huttoft. b Market Rasen. c Bain r. 

d Lindis, now Witham r. 



36 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lincoln- wekely market. The cast[el is meately] welle mayntaynid, 
shire. and motid ab[owte, having a draw bridge.] 

fo. 51. Rivers and Brokes yn Lindcolnshire. 

At Kellesthorp, 8 or there abowt, as it were a iii. myles 
west from Louthe, risith a great brooke ther cawlled Bane, 
so to Baumburge, peraventure for Baneburg, b a village a 
iiii. myles of, thens to Home Castel a market town iiii. 
myles of. Al this way yt runneth most by sowth. After to 
Tatershaul, alias Tateshaul, flat west yt runneth. 

Tatershaul ys a market town v. myles of Horn Castel, and 
so to Dogdyke Fery abowt a myle, where yt renneth ynto 
the Ree, alias Lindis/ the which devideth Lindesey fro 
Kesteney. 6 

Lindis. It ebbith and flouith withyn a litle of Dogdike 
Fery. 

Lyndesey lieth by est and Kesteney by west. 

The bek or brooke that runneth by the north side of the 
Abbay of Bardeney, and within a half quarter of a myle 
lower runneth into the great Rhe of Lindis, is cawllid Panton 
bek. Thys bek riseth yn Hy Lindesey, as Master West 
thynkketh not very far fro the quarters wher as the Bane 
doth rise. Then to Hilles, a maner place of Master Hansard, 
so to Panton, a village a v. myles of; thens to Wragby vil- 
lage abowt a ii. myles, wherof yt is sumtyme cawlled Wragby 
bekk; so to Bardeney Abbay a iiii. myles, and then ynto the 
Ree. The monkes hold opinion that the old Abbay of 
Bardeney was not in the very same place wher the new ys, 
but at a graunge or day[re] of theyrs a myle of. 

Lude ryver. To Ludebroke village, to Lude alias Louth, the 
fayre market toun, a 4. miles by Lude Parke. Thens to Grym- 
bleby f village a mile, and to Salflete g Creke a 4. miles of, 
and so to the see. Salt [Creke is a havenet, and as the shore 
lyith it is a vi. miles above Huttoste Creke.] 

Meately good plenty of wood about [Bardeney] and Bar- 
linges, Reseby, h and Kirst[ede Abbays.j 

a Calcethorpe. b Burgh on Bane. c Tattershall. 

d Witham r. e Kesteven. t Grimoldby. 

e Saltfleet. h Risby. 



PART IX 37 

Dymmok dwellith at Sckrellesby* 2. miles from Home Lincoln- 
Castel. 8hire - 

S[ir] Christopher Willoughby's sun and heyre dwellith now fo - 5 2 - 
at Tupholme Priory, and beside enheritith part of the Lorde 
Wylloughby's landes. 

Copledike dwellith at Harington 2. Miles from Spilesby 
market. 

Asschecue dwellith about Thorton Curtois. b 

Wimbische hath Nokton Parke Priory, and ys beside a 
man of great possessions and auncient. He maried the 
Lord Taylbois sister. 

Litlebyri at Stanesby c in Haghworthingham. 

The Lord Borow dwellith at Gaynesborow. 

Gaynesborow ys his, and much lande ys about Sheffield in 
Axholme. 

Dalisun a litle a this side Axholme. 

Henege at Haynton, d where he is lorde and patrone. 

The olde Henege landes passid not a fyvety poundes by 
the yere. Haynton is withyn a 3. miles of Raysun market, 
and a vii. miles from Home Castel. 

Syr Thomas Hennage hath doone much cost ther, yn 
translating and new building with brike and abbay stone. 

Sandon dwellith at Ascheby half a mile from Spilesby. 

Porter by Grauntham. 

Harington beside Ankestre. 6 

Billesby dwellith by Billesby/ withyn a mile of Markeby 
Priory. 

Fitzwilliams a Maplethorp g by Sutton on the [se side. 

Hastinges . . . Wlkseby a 3. . . .]* 

Langton at Langton a litle from Wlkesby. 11 

Asterby in Billesby a man of mene land. 

Totheby of Thotheby ' by Alford. 

Gedeney of Mavis Enderby a mene gentilman. 

Quathering by Waynflete. 

[* Torn since Hearne's time^ He saw fragments of two lines more. 
Stow omits all this leaf.] * 



a Scrivelsby. b Thornton Curtis. c Stainsby. 

d Hainton. e Ancaster. f Bilsby. 

e Mablethorpe. h Wilksby. * PThoresby. 



Lincoln- 
shire. 



38 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

S. Paulle. 

Misselden about Castre." 
Luddington. 

Turwithe about Barton apon Humbre. 
Turner. 

Sutton at Lincoln. 
Dymmok of Carleton by Lincoln. 
Massingberde beside Waynflet. 
Haul by Grauntham. 

Welleby at Hanstede a lit[le from Sticjkeswald Priory, a 
man of [fair landes.] 



Yorkshire, 
fo. 53. 



Dancastre.* 



Wakefeld. 



Wakefeld apon Calder ys a very quik market toune, and 
meately large; wel servid of flesch and fische both from the 
se and by ryvers, wherof dyvers be theraboute at hande. 
So that al vitaile is very good chepe there. A right honest 
man shal fare wel for 2. pens a meale. In the toune is but 
one chefe chirch. There is a chapel beside where was wont 
to be Anachoreta in media urbe, unde et aliquando inventa 
faecunda. Ther is also a chapel of our Lady on Calder 
Bridge wont to be celebratid a peregrinis. A forow lenght, 
or more, oute of the toune be scene dikes and bulwarkes, 
and monticulus egestae terrae, indicium turris spectilaris. 
Wherby apperith that ther hath bene a castel. The Guarines 
Erles of Surrey, as I reede, were ons lordes of this toune. 
It standith now al by clothyng. The Duke of York, father 
to Edwarde the 4. was slayne by Wakefeld in bataile. 

Bradeforde a praty quik market toune, dimidio, aut eo 

amplius, minus Wachefelda. It hath one paroche chirche, 

and a chapel of S. Sitha. It standith much by clothing, and 

Christopolis. is distant vi. miles from Halifax, and 4. miles from Christe- 

stal Abbay. b Ther is a confluens in this toune of 3. brokes. 

One risith above Bouline c Haul, so that the hed is a mile 

dim. from the toune, and this at the toune hath a bridge of 

[* A blank page except for this word.] 



a Caistor. 



b Kirkstall. 



c Bowling. 



PART IX 39 

one arche. A nother [risethe] a 2. mile of, having a mille Yorkshire, 
and a bridge of [. . . The 3. risith 4. miles of havinge. . . .] 
Bouline Haul sumtyme the Boulines. Now it longith to 
Tempeste. It stondith a mile . . . Bradeforde. 

Beverle. fo. 54. 

Beverle is a very larg town; but I cowld not perceyve 
that ever hit was waulled, though ther be certen gates of 
stone portcolesed for defence. In the town be a iii. paroche 
chyrches; the mynstre wher S. John sumtime Bisshop of 
York lieth, and one chapel. Ther is also a howse of grey 
freres, and an other of blak, and an howse as a com- 
mawndery of S. John's. Ther is a great gut cut from the 
town to the ripe of Hulle Ryver, wherby preaty vesseles 
cum thyther. Ther cummeth owt of the Bisshopes parke, 
Westwoode, therby a litle fresch broke to the town. 

To this toune long many great and auncient pryvileges as 
to a sanctuary. 

The towne hath yn theyr commune scale the figure of a 
bever. 

Bede cawlleth the place where Beverle is now Sylva Dei- 
rorum, Anglice Deirewauld. 

In steede of the mynstre there was in old tyme an abbay 
of munkkes, and nunnes, destroied almost by the Danes. 

Brithung, S. John's decon was sumtyme abbate there, and 
ys buried ther. 

Ther is also buried S. Winwaldus. 

Ledis," 2. miles lower then Christal Abbay on Aire Ryver, 
is a praty market, having one paroche chirch reasonably 
welle buildid, and as large as Bradeford, but not so quik as 
it. The toun stondith most by clothing. 

Hulle.* fo. 54v<>. 

Pikering. 

[* This and the following seven names with wide blanks left for 
notes occupy several unnumbered leaves bound in among those num- 
bered.] 

Leeds. 



40 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire. Tadcaster. 

Borowbridg. Alboro. 

York. 

Keterik. 

Ripon. 

Richemont. 

fo. 55. In Darbyshire.* 

Lancashire. Bruscow b (Briscot) a priory of blake chanons of the 
fundation of the Erles of Darby a mile from Latham. c It 
standith not very far from Duggils. d Many of the line of the 
Erles of Darby lyith there. 

Holand a priory of blake monkes a ii. myles from Wigan. 
The Wottons were founders there. 

Sawley f stondith on Calder Ryver. 
fo. 56. Lancastreshire conteinith v. litle shires. J 

Westarbyshire, alias Darbyshire. 

Lyrpole, alias Lyverpoole, a pavid towne, hath but a 
chapel. Walton, a iiii. miles of nat far from the se, is paroche 
chirch. The King hath a castelet there, and the Erie of 
Darbe hath a stone howse there. Irisch marchauntes cum 

[* "I.e. the hundred of Darby. Briscot is certainly misnamed for 
Burscough, there being such a priory about a mile from Latham." 
(Note on a slip of paper pinned in S tow's copy, written by Hearne's 
friend, Mr. Prescot, of Chester.) Leland corrected Bruscow to Briscot.] 

[t Leland corrects to Wawley. He probably means Whalley, on the 
Lancashire Calder r. See fo. 58.] 

[J The piece from "Lancastreshire a iii in bredthe" (p. 43) is 
printed from a closely written leaf bound in by the reversed edge to 
Leland's MS., vol. viii, re-numbered by Burton, pp. 47, 48; it was 
probably fo. 56 of his vol. vii, and Stow copied it with omissions in 
this place. On the top of p. 47 is a large cross in pencil, put there by 
Burton evidently as a reference, but I do not find the corresponding 
mark; two others like it occur on pp. 224, 225 of his MS <*.] 



Calterick. b Burscough. 



Lathom. 



d Duggils. 



PART IX 41 

much thither, as to a good haven. After that Mersey Water Lancashire, 
cumming toward Runcorne in Chesshire lisith * amonge the 
commune people the name, and to Lyrpole, a v. mile on the 
other side in Lancastreshire, is [cajwllid Runco[rn]e Water. 

At Lyrpole is smaule custume payid that causith mar- 
chantes to resorte. Good marchandis at Lyrpole, and moch 
Yrisch yarn that Manchester men do by ther. 

Warington, apon Mersey in Chestreshire, a pavid town, 
one chirch, a freres Augustine at the bridge ende. The 
town is of a prety bygnes, the paroche chirch is at the tayle 
of al the tounne. It is a better market then Manchestre. 

Thelewaul sumtime a havenet and litle cite, as it apperith 
by the Kinges Recordes. Now fische garthes marre the 
haven, and the old toune now a poore village. It stondith 
a ii. myles upward from Warington. 

Thelewaulle so caullid bycawse it was wallid abowt with 
greate ... Us that is to ... de Logges or timber postes. 

Wigan pavid, as bigge as Warington and better buildid. 
There is one paroch chirch amidde the towne : summe mar- 
chauntes, sum artificers, sum fermers. 

Mr. Bradeshau hath a place caullid Hawe a myle from 
Wigan. He hath founde moche canel like se coole in his 
grounde very profitable to hym, and Gerade of Ynse a dwellith 
in that paroch. Winwike a good benefice a v. mile of and a 
iii. from Warington.f 

Ormekirk a iiii. miles or v. myles from Lyrpole, and about 
a ii. miles from Latham. A paroch chirche in the towne. No 
river by yt but mosses of eche side. Latheham b most parte 
of stone, the chefest howse of the Erles of Darby, ii. miles 
from Ormeskirk. 

Newton" on a brooke cawllid Golforden, a litle poore 
market, wherof Mr. Langton hath the name of his baronry. 



[* I.e., leseth or loseth.] 
[1 



[t A paragraph in the margin here appears to relate to Waveney, but 
is too much torn to re-construct, and Stow does not give it: . . . ey 
apon . . . ey Water ... to Mersey . . . e Name . . . the beste 
. . . ace of the . . . te L . . . stondith . . . Parke a mile from 
Warington.] 

a Ince, near Wigan. b Lathom. 

c Newton, near Warrington. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Lancashire. Syr Perse Lee of Bradley hath his place at Bradley in a 
parke a ii. miles from Newton. 

Newton is a iiii. miles from Morley Haulle. 

Prestcod a a litle market having no notable water abowt 
hit a iiii. mile from Mersey up toward Lyrpole. Mr. Moli- 
neux a knight of great landes a ii. myles from Prestcode 
dwellith at a place caullid Crostoffe. b Tokstaffe c a parke of 
the Kinges harde by his howse. Knollesley d a parke having 
a praty house of the Erles of Darby within a mile of 
Prestcod. 

Syr William Norys dwellith at a howse caullid Speyke e a 
ii. or iii. miles from Prestcod and thereabowt from Flor . eskir 
. . . Thomas Ireland dwellith [af] . . . [Rumcorne on Mersey 
river.] * 

Mr. Leland rekenith Preston in Andernes to be a litle 
shire, and so ther be vi. shires or hunderes in Lancastre- 
shire. 

Westerbyshire. 

Chateley More f in Darbyshire is a iii. or iiii. miles in 
bredthe. 

Glasbroke g River cummith within lesse then a mile of 
Morley Hawle. 

There be xii. paroche chirchis in Darbyshir, but they be 
large. 

Winwike personage hath a parke, and is a ii. or iii. miles 
from Werington. 

Flete and a nother broke or ii. cummith into Glasbrooke. 
and Glasebrooke goith into Mers[ey.] 

Dugles h Ryver cumming by Wigan Market goith into the 
se by hit self toward Latham. 

Chateley More a vi. miles yn lenght sum [way] brast up 
within a mile of Morley Haul, and [dejstroied much grounde 
with mosse therabout, and destroid much fresch water fische 

[* Words now gone, seen by Hearne; those in italics seen by 
Burton (a).] 
[t This is in Burton's hand.] 



Lancashire. 

Firre Woode 
in Chateley 
Mosse. t 



Prescot. 
Knowsley, 



8 Glazebrook. 



b ? Croxeth. 
e Speke Hall. 



c Toxteth. 
f Chat Moss 



Douglas r. 



PART IX 43 

therabowt, first corrupting with stinking water Glasebrooke, Lancashire. 

and so Glasebrook carr[ied] stinking water and mosse into 

Mersey Water, and Marsey corruptid caried the roulling 

mosse part to the shores of Wales, part to the Isle of Man, 

and sum into Ireland. In the very toppe of Chate moo[re] 

where the mosse was hyest and brake, is now a faire plaine 

valley, as was in tymes paste, and a rille runnith in hit, and 

peaces of smaul trees be founde in the botom. 

Canale and cole pittes in divers partes of Darbyshire. The 
great myne of canale is at Hawe 2. miles from Wigan. One 
Bradshaw dwellith at Hawe. a 

Martine Meare b towarde Latham is the greatest meare 
of Lancastreshire, a iiii. miles in lengthe and a iii. in 
bredthe. 

Saltfordeshire. fo. 57. 

Manchestre. f 

Byri on Irwel Water, 4. or v. miles from Manchestre, but 
a poore market. There is a ruine of a castel by the paroch 
chirch yn the towne. It longgid with the towne sumtime 
to the Pilkentons, now to the Erles of Darby. Pilkenton 
had a place hard by Pilkenton Parke c 3. mile from Man- 
chester. 

Bolton apon Moore market stondith most by cottons and 
cowrse yarne. Divers villages in the mores abowt Bolton 
do make cottons. Nother the site nor ground aboute Bolton 
is so good as it is aboute Byri. They burne at Bolton sum 
canale, but more se cole of the wich the pittes be not far of. 
They burne turfe also. 

Yerne in tymes paste made at Orwike d a . . . miles from 
Manchestre. 

Yerne sumtime made abowte Byri a market towne on 
Irwel. 

Now for lakke of woodde the blow-shoppes decay there. 

Wild bores, bulles, and falcons bredde in times paste at 
Blakele." 

[t A blank after this word.] 



Haigh. b Martin mere. c Pilkinton. 

d Horwich. e Blackley. 



44 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Lancashire. Market tonnes in Lelandshire. 

fo. 58. Chorle a wonderful poore or rather no market. 

Croston a iii. miles from Chorle toward Latham a vi. 
miles from Chorle, a poore or no market. 

There be abowt a vii- or viii. large paroches yn Leland- 
shire. 

Darwent River cummith thorowgh a pece of Leland- 
shire. 

Darwent cummith by Mr. Langton's place Baron of New- 
ton by Warington a mile above Preston. 

Loke better. Ribil risith in Ribilsdale above Salley Abbay, and so to 
Sawlley. A iiii. miles beneth Sawley it reseyvith Calder that 
cummith by Walley; and after receyvith a nother water 
cawllid Oder. a 

Waulley b a x. miles from Preston; Sawlley a ... miles 
or more. 

Blakeburnshire. * 

fo. 59. Owt of a charte of Merton-College.f 

The next river by se movith by Cairluel bakward on the 
same shore. There is a water made cumming from Chiswik c 
to the se. 

The next to that cumming to the se is there cawllid Eske. 

Next to that Doden, d and betwixt them is set Millum. 

Next upward into Lancastreshire is set the mowth of the 
river of Leven. 

Then Kent e River cumming to the se. 

After is sett Ribyl. 

And then Mersey Water. 

Dorset. In a nother Carte of Merton-College. 

Bridport is set as midde way betwixt Waymouth and 
Lime. 

[* At head of a blank page.] 

[f These notes, from a chart or map in Oxford, must have been 
written later by Leland on the blank leaf; they break in to the account 
of the shires of Lancashire. Stow omits them.] 



Hodder r. 



t> Whalley. 
Dudden r. 



c Keswick, and the Derwent r. 
e Kennet r. 



PART IX 45 

Lelandus. 
At Bridporth be made good daggers. 

Lancastreshire. fo. 60. 

Lancashire. 

The hedde of Lune River by al aestimation must be yn fo. 61. 
Coterine Hille, or not far fro the root of it. Owt of this 
hille risith Ure, Sawle, and Edon. a 

Howbeit M. Moore of S. Caterines Haul in Cambridge 
thus enstructed me of Lune Ryver. Yt risith yn a hil cawlled 
Crosho, the which is yn the Egge of Richemontshire, and 
issueth owt of iii. or iiii. heddes. He woold it should be first 
cawlled Lune in Dentdale, though the name of Dent seme 
to shew otherwise. North fro Uentdale ys Garsedale, and 
thorough that rynneth a water that after cummeth into 
Sebbar Vale, and ther is also a water meeting with Garse- 
dale Water, and a lytle lower yn one streame they go ynto 
Dentdale Water, which he supposeth to be the streame that 
afterward is cawlled Lune. Beside the waters afore it re- 
ceyveth at the foote of Sebbar Vale a great brook, the which 
cummeth owt of the north betwixt Westmereland and 
Richemundshire. 

This ryver runneth a vii. miles or it cum to Dentdale 
Foote, and hath receyved into his botom the waters afore- 
saide. Fro Dentdale Foote yt entereth into Landesdale," 
peraventure so corruptely cawlled for Lunesdale, and run- 
neth yn it a viii. or ix. myles sowthwarde; and yn this dale 
is Kyrkby, a very great and famose paroch a iiii. myles fro 
the foote of Dentdale. Fro Lunesdale yn whos foote ys 
Hornby Castel longing to the Lord Montegle half a myle 
fro the Lune. Fro thens it runneth to Lancastre, (set on 
the sowth side of Lune) corruptely spoken for Lunecastre 
viii. miles of, wither it ebbeth and floueth. 

Sum say that the north arme upward is principal streame 
of Lune, the which is not of estimation til yt cum ynto 
Lunesdale. 

The mines of old walles about the bridg were onely of 
the suppressid priory. 

a Swale and Eden rivers. b Lonsdale. Kirkby Lonsdale. 



4 6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Westmor- 
land. 

fo. 62. 



Lancashire. Borow a now a vyllage, set in Lunesdale a vi. myles beneth 
the foote of Dentdale, hath beene by likelyhod sum notable 
town. The plough menne find there yn ering lapides quad- 
rafos, and many other straung thinges : and this place is 
much spoken of, of the inhabitans there. 

In Westermerland is but one good market town cawlled 
Kendale, otherwise, as I wene, Kirkby Kendale. Yt hath 
the name of the river cawlled Kent, unde et Kendale, sed 
Emporium lands pannis celeberrimum. In the towne is but 
one chirch. The circuite of the paroch by the cuntery ad- 
jacent hath many chapels, and divers yn the town self. 
Abowt half a myle of on the east side of the towne is on 
a hil a parke longging to yowng M. Par, the chyfest of that 
name, and ther is a place as it were a castel. 

Kent ryver is of a good depthe, not wel to be occupied 
with botes for rowllyng stones and other moles. Yt risith 
of very many heddes, be lykelyhod springging withyn the 
same Shire. * (A vii. or viii. myles fro Kentdale, wher is a 
mere communely caullid Kenmore.") A ii. myles abowt 
Kendale they cum to one good botom, and so to Kentdale 
towne that standeth on the west side of yt. 



Stow, vol. ii, 

p. 47. 



* The Hed of Kenne Rever.f 

It risethe at Kenmore b in a poole somwhat large about 
a myle in compase and muche fishe in it. The place of the 
heade and all the Baronye of Kendale is in Westmorland, 
and kepithe Sher Courts at Apleby, and bysyde thethar 
cummythe all Westmerland. 

Kenne nuage J and more is a 8 myles flat nothe from 
Kendall on the way to Perithe, c and ther is a chapell long- 
ynge as a parte onto Kendale paroche. Kentmore Haul, 
Gilpins howse. The first parte of the river descendithe in 
betwyxt 2 hilles. New bridge 2 miles lower of tymber. Then 

[* Marginal note in MS.] 

[t This passage -Jf & is only preserved by Stow, being at the end 
of some notes which continue his copy of Leland's vol. v. See our 
vol. iv, p. 33 note.] 

[J Sic. Stow has probably copied it wrongly.] 



8 Burrow on the Lune. 



b Kentmere. 



c Penrith. 



PART IX 47 

to Barley a smaule bridge * of stone in Staueley hamlet, a myle Westmor- 

lower. Thens 2 myles to Bowstone bridge of stone, then to land - 

Burnes syde a myle, wher the Bellenghams dwell and is of 

stone. Then to Kendall a myle and halfe lower, and ren- 

nythe thrwghe Stramangate bridge of stone havynge 8 or 9 

arches, and the paroche churche by est is towchid with this 

ryver; and thens a quartar and more of a myle it goythe to 

Nether-bridge of stone of 3 or 4 arches standynge playne 

este toward Yorke, and then 4 or 5 miles to Leuenbridge a 

of stone and then to ... Kendale Gates notable as wayes but 

not defensible. Stricland Gate to Stricland village north-ward. 

Stramangate named of the bridge. Kyrkegate, the greatyst 

stret lyethe northe and southe. Pronte river goithe into 

Ken ryver a myle above Stramangate bridge. Ther longithe 

about a 30 chapells and hamlets to the hedd chirche of 

Kendale. The parsonage was inpropriate to S. Mari of 

Yorke. The castle is by est halfe a quarter of a myle from 

the towne.* 

Appleby is the Shire towne, but now yt is but a poore Leland, vii, 
village, having a ruinus castel wherin the prisoners be kept. f. 62 contd. 

Ther is an old castel on the . . . side of Edon Water 
cawlled Burgh. b 

Abowtadim. fro the castel is a vill[age cawlljed Burgh[am], c 
and ther is a great pilgrem[age to owr lady.] t 

At Burgham is an old castel that the commune people no fo. 
ther sayeth doth synke. 

Abowt this Burgham plowghmen fynd in the feldes many 
square stones tokens of old buildinges. The castel is set in 
a stronge place by reasons of ryvers enclosing the cuntery 
thereabowt. 

There is a very greate lake, or mere, wherof part is under 
the egge of Furnes Felles, cawlled Wynermerewath, d wher- 
in a straung fisch cawlled a chare, not sene els there in the 
cuntery as they say. 

[* Stow has "a smaule of Stone bridge," doubtless an error in 
copying.] 

learne supplies these words. Not in Stow.] 



Levensbridge. b Brough. c Brougham. 

d Windermere. 



48 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Westmor- Abowt the borders of Westmerelandshire and Lancastre- 
land. shire be many dales. And in [every] one of them a brooke 

givyng name to the dale. 

Ther is in Westmerland, as it is said, a famose stone as a 
limes of old time, inscribed. 

Withyn a myle of Perith, a but in Westmerland, is a mine, 
as sum suppose, of a castel withyn a flite shotte of Loder b 
and as much of Emot Water, stonding almost as a mediamnis 
betwixt them ; the ruine is of sum caulled the Round Table, 
and of summe Arture's Castel. A myle lower m[etithe] Loder 
and Emot at Burgham Castel. 

Durham. Market Townes in Dirhamshire.* 

fo. 63. Duneholm. d 

Akeland. 6 

Wichingam/ 

The quikke market of Darlington standing betwixt Teese 
and Were. 8 

Stoketon apon Tese. 

Wulsingam apon Were almost in the midde way betwixt 
Stanhop and Akeland. 

Hertilpole. h 

f- 6 4- Castelles in Dirhamshire. 

Duneholm. 
Akeland. 

Prudho apon Tine. 
Stoketon apon Tese. 
Barnardes Castel. 
Lomeley * Castel not far from Chestre. k 

Abbais and Priories in Dirhamshire. 
Duneholme apon Were river. 

[* All these four lists of Durham names are written as headings, with 
blank spaces between.] 



* Penrith. b Lowther r. c Eamont r. 

d Durham. e Auckland. f Whickham. 

s Wear r. h Hartlepool. J Lumley. 

k Chester-le-Street. 



PART IX 49 

Finkelo * apon Were, a celle of xiii. monkes longging to Durham. 
Dirham. 

Weremouth. 

Garaw. b 

There was a priori not farre from Darington, as I remem- 
ber aboute Teis ryver. 

The Limites of Dirhamshire. no fo.* 

Tese river. 

Tine river on til he receyve Darwent water. 

Erie of Northumbr. Lord of the Honors of Cokermuth fo. 66. 
et Petworth. Lorde Percy, Lucy. Lorde Poyninges, Fiz- 
paine, Brian. 

Cokermuth cam by Lucy. Petworth by gift of a king 
[Hen. Lit 

Fizpaine and Brian's landes cam to Poyninges, and by 
Poyning heyre general al iii. to Percy. 

The Erie of Northumbr. Castelles and Manors. 

Cokermuth in Cumbreland, a 700. //. by yere. 

Alnewik, Werkworth castel, Langeley and Prudehow in Northum- 
Northumbreland, Rothebyri lordeship on Koket a vii. berland. 
miles above Anewik, wher is such a toun as Corbridge. 
Corbridg lordship, wher appere greate tokens of buildinges 
by square stones. Chatton lordship apon Tille a mile from 
Chillingham. 

In Yorkshire. 

Semar, d Hundemanby" nere Semar. Poklington market 
a 2. miles from Semar. Lekingfeld f ii. miles from Beverle. 
Wresil* Castel ii. miles from Howden market, where the 
Bisshop of Dirham hath -a faire palace. Catton wher is a 
parke as is almoste of the lordshipes afore rehersid. Spofford h 

[* Fo. 65 is a blank leaf, bound in between fos. 64 and 66. The un- 
numbered leaf above is bound in after fo. 66. ] 
[t Written by Burton on Leland's MS.] 



a Finchale. b J arrow. c Darlington. 

d Seamer. e Hunmanby. f Leconfield. 

Wressell Castle. h Spofforth. 
V. E 



50 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

a greate village a 2. miles from Oteley apon Eyre 3 river. 
Topclif on Suale a goodly maner house yn a parke. Tad- 
castre, and Hele, Lyndeley by Spofford wher Syr Thomas 
Johnson now is heyre. 

He had yn Kent a 500. mark of Poyning[es landes.] * 

In Southsax Poyninges lordship. Petw[orth.] 
fo. 67. Torre Brian in Somersetshire that Master Kitson boute. 

The Lorde Marquis of Excester had much of hys londes 
yn Devonshire. 

He had castelles yn Wales, and was there a greate lorde 
marcher. Peraventure Paine Castel by Wy was his. For he 
bare the name of the Lorde Fizpaine. 

He had sum lande yn Southfolke and Cambridgeshire. 

He had Taulaughar b a castel about the mouth of Teuy 
cumming from Cairmerdine. 

Cumberland. From Cairluel to Burge on the sandes vi. myles. 
fo. 68. From Burg to Workington xii. myles. 

From Workington to S. Bees xiiii. 

From S. Bees to Fumes by the se cost xiiii. myles. 
Lancashire. From Fumes to Lancastre xii. myles. 

From Lancastre to Preston xx. miles, 
fo. 69. Eske flu. limes est Scotiae et Angliae. 

Cumberland. Lithel flu. defluit in Eskam. Lither f defluit in Eskam at 
Motel Lithel? 

At Motel Lithel was a moted place of a gentilman cawled 
Syr Water Seleby, the which was killyd there, and the place 
destroyed yn King Edward the thyrde, when the Scottes 
whent to Dyrham, and theyr king was take by Copland at 
Dyrham on a hil therby wher was many Scottes buried. 

Bolnes d ys at the poynt or playne of the ryver of Edon, e 
wher ys a lytle poore steple as a fortelet for a brunt, and yt 
ys on the hyther syde of the ryver of Edon, abowt a viii. 
myles from Cair Luel. f Abowt this Bolnesse ys part of the 

[* Hearne saw these. Neither Stow nor Burton copied fos. 66, 67.] 
[t Leland wrote Lither twice, but corrected it to Lithel in the first 
word. This seems to be the Lidd r.] 



a Aire r., but Otley is on the Wharfe. 
b Tal Llacharne, or Laugharne. 
c Liddel Strength, Cumberland. 
d Bowness. e Eden r. 



Carlisle. 



PART IX 51 

Pict wal evidently remayning, and yt may be supposed that Cumberland, 
yt is cawled Bolnes, as who showld say the Wal yee, or I doute yet 
poynt, or end. of this. 

Burgh yn the sand stondeth a myle of fro the hyther 
banke of Edon. Yt is a village by the which remayne the 
ruines of a greate place, now clene desolated, wher King 
Edward the fyrst dyed. Burgh stondeth from Bolnes iii. 
myles, and iiii. myles or v. fro Cair Luel. 

Burgh longid sumtime to the Morvilles. 

Here was a xv. yeres ago the Lord Maxwel * sore woundid, 
many [sljaine, and [droujnid in Edon. [Strjife ther . . . 
tuaine. ... ge ... Scotland . . . and [took hym] 
prisoner.f 

At Drumbuygh a the Lord Dakers father builded apon old 
ruines a prety pyle for defens of the contery. Drumbuygh 
ys almost yn the mydde way bytwyxt Bolnes and [Burgh]. 
The stones of the Pict wal wer [pulled d]own to build 
Dumbuygh. For the wal [ys very njere yt. 

Netherby is a vii. myles north fro Cairluel, and Eske 
ryver rynneth on the north side of yt. Ther hath bene 
mervelus buyldinges, as appere by ruinus walles, and men 
alyve have sene rynges and staples yn the walles, as yt had 
bene stayes or holdes for shyppes. On the one side of yt is 
the Eatable ground; so that it is as a limes Angliae et Scotiae. 
The ruines be now a iii. myles at the lest from the flowyng 
water of Sulway sandes. The gresse groweth now on the 
ruines of the walles. 

Rokclif a preaty pile or castel of the Lord Dakers over 
Edon on the farther ripe, about a iiii. mile from Cairluel. 

The towne of Cokermuth stondeth on the ryver of Coker, fo. 70. 
the which thwartheth over the town, and Coker runneth yn 
Darwent hard at the point of the castel of Cokermuth. 

[* This was in the year 1524. (An. reg. 16, H. 8.) See Hall's Chron. 
in the Life of H. 8. fol. 129. b. and Holhngshead's History of Scotland, 
p. 311. So that this was written by Mr. Leland in the year 1539, being 
six years after he had receiv'd his Commission to travel from the King. 
Hearne.] 

[t The bracketed words in this paragraph and the next seen by 
Hearne are now gone. Stow omits these paragraphs.] 

Drumburgh. 



52 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cumberland. The ryver of Dargwent after that he cummeth to a strayte 
curse, casteth owt an arme of his abundant water that mak- 
eth a poole, or lough, cawlled Use, and afterward strayteth, 
and at the last cummeth ynto Dargwent, and so maketh an 
isle. 

Forestes. 

The great forest of Englewood (Engylwood). 

The forest of Nicol longing to the Du[ke of] Lancastre. 

The forest of Einerdale. 

A xxx. yeres ago not far fro the chapel of [the] Moore, 
the which is in Come Whitton a par[och] in Gillesland, and 
stondeth a vi. myles est from Cairluel, was fownd a grave, 
and theryn [bonjys inusitatae magnitudinis. 

[Wythyn] a quarter of a myle of Cairl[uel a xx. yerejs ago 
was take up [pypes of an old conduyte, whos hedde by lyke- 
lyhod . . . wiled Typping Castel . . .] 

This conduct semed to be the conduit of ... d 
not . . .* 

The cyte of Cairluel is yn cumpace scant a myle, and ys 
walled with a right fayre and stronge wal ex lapide quadrato 
subnifo. 

In the wal be iii. gates, Bocher gate (south), Caldew gate 
(west), and Richard gate (north). 

The castel being withyn the towne is yn sum part as a 
closer of the walle. 

Leyland. The Irisch men cawle bale a town, and so per- 
aventure did the old Scottes. Thus might be said that Lu- 
gubalia f soundeth Luele towne. 

In the cyte be ii. paroche chyrches, of the which the one 
is yn the body of the cathedral chyrch, yn the which be 
Canons Regulars as els be yn no cathedral chyrch of Eng- 
lande. The other is of S. Cuthebert. 

Ther is yn the towne a chapel of S. Albane, and also 
withyn the walles ii. howses of freres, Blake and Gray. 

[* Bracketed words seen by Hearne, now gone. Stow omits these 
paragraphs. Of the second, which was in the margin, there is now no 
trace. ] 

[+ Now Carlisle. Bal, a Celtic word corresponding to old English 
ton. 

a Cumwhitton. 



PART IX 53 

In diggyng to make new building yn the towne often Cumberland, 
tymes hath bene, and now a late, fownd diverse fundations 
of the old cite, as pavimentes of streates, old arches of 
dores, coyne, stones squared, paynted pottes, rhony hid yn 
pottes so hold and muldid that when yt was stronly towchid 
yt went almost to mowlder: as yn M . . . glalbys howse yn 
diggyng for the squaryng [of] * his gardin and orchard the 
which ston[d]eth much sowth. 

[Th]e hole site of the towne is sore chaungid. For wher 
as the stretes were and great edifices, now be vacant and 
garden plottes. 

The cite of Cairluel stondeth in the forest of Ynglewood. 

The body of the cathedral chyrch is of an older building 
then the quyer. And [yt ys as] a filial deriveid from S. Os- 
w [aid's fast] by Pontfreyt. 

[In the] feldes abowt Cairluel yn plowghing hath be 
[fownd diverse cornelines and other stonys] wel entaylid for 
[seales, and yn other places of Cumbarland in plowinge 
hath be found brickes conteyninge the prints of antique 
workes.] 

The lenght of Cumbreland by the shore is from a water fo. 71. 
cawled Dudden," the which devideth Furnesland b fro Cum- 
breland, onto a lytle water or mere cawlled Poll Rosse, the 
which devideth the cownte of Northumberland on the est 
side from Cumbreland. 

The bredeth of Cumbreland is from a water cawled Emot d 
that divideth on the sowth side on the one part Cumberland 
from Westmerland ontyl he enter ynto the ryver of Edon 
ii. myles fro Pereth e by est, and so on the est side of Edon 
up to a broke cawled t . . . the which divideth lykewise 
Cumbreland fro Westmerland, onto the ryver of Eske on the 
north side, the which devideth Cumbreland fro the batable 
grownd ontil yt cum to the arme of the se, the which 
divideth England fro Scotland. 

[* Supplied by L. T. S.] 

[t Blank in original. Cookburn Beck is intended.] 



Duddon r. b Furness, part of Lancashire. 

c Tipalt burn. d Kamont r. 

e Penrith. 



54 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cumberland. Market townes yn the Shyre. 

Cairluel. 

Pereth a market towne by sowthe, xvi. myles fro Car- 
luel, w[here] as a strong caste! of the kinges, and [stonjdeth 
on a lytle water by force cut owt of Peterel. a But Pereth 
stondeth [not]able dim. a myle fro the river of Emot, [and 
a] myle fro the towne or caste[l of B]urgham, b that longeth 
to the Erie of [Cumb]reland. 

In Perith ys one paroche chirch, and a gray freres. 

[Cokejrmuth a market towne stondyng on the [westsyde] 
of Darwent river iiii. or v. [myles fro the se shore, and] xx. 
myles fro [Carluel.] 

Also on the west syde of Darwent is a prety creke wher 
as shyppes cum to, wher as ys a lytle prety fyssher town 
cawled Wyrkenton, c and ther is the chefe howse of Sir 
Thomas Culwyn.* 

On the est side of the ysle, where as the water of Dar- 
guent risith, is a lytle poore market town cawled Keswike, 
and yt is a myle fro S. Herebertes isle d that Bede speketh of. 
Divers springes cummeth owt of Borodale, and so make a 
great lowgh that we cawle a poole; 6 and ther yn be iii. isles. 
Yn the one f ys the hedd places of M. Radclyf, g an other is 
cawled S. Hereberts isle, wher is a chapel, the iii. ys Vycar 
isle, ful of trees lyke a wyldernes. 

Abbays or priores yn Cumbreland. 

The Chanons of Cairluel. 

Wetherhaul, h a selle of S. Mary Abbay, iii. myles sowth 
est above Cairluel apon the ryver of Edon, on the same 
side of the ryver of Edon that Cairluel doth. 

Lenercost f an abbay of Blake Chanons viii. myles fro 
Cairluel, apon the north side of the ryver of Yrthyng. 

[* Stow copies Curtuyn, not observing Leland's correction of r to /. 
There is a Cur wen Island in Windamere.] 

[t A small a is written above the first e, but it does not seem to be 
in Leland's hand.] 



a Petterill r., see after, p. 56. b Brougham. 

c Workington. d S. Herbert's I. 

e Derwentwater. f Lord's Island. 

B Ratcliffe, Lord Derwentwater. h Wetheral. 



PART IX 



55 



EHojlme Cultrayne a Abbay of white monkes. Cumberland. 

S.] [Beges b yn Caupland hard on the west se, a selle 
longing to S. Mary Abbay of Yorke, abowt xxvi. myles or 
more playne west. 

Caldher c Abbay of whyte monkes yn Cape[land] d not 
very far from S. Beges, and nere to Egremont Castel. 

At Ki\ey c primis annis Henrici 8 1 . not far from Norham 
yn the lordship of the Bisshop [of Dyrham,] was fownd, be- 
t[wixt ii. stonys,] bokels of an arming girdel, typpes and 
barres of [the same of pure] gold, a pomel and a crosse [for 
a sword of golde, bokels and typps of gold for spurres. 
D. Ruthall * had some of them.] 

Egermont . . . myles by sowth from Cokermuth. Yt fo. 72. 
longith to the Lord Fizgualter. Yt stondeth by the market 
towne of Egremont. 

At Cokermuth, a good market towne, a castel of the Erl 
of Northumbreland, the wich joyneth hard to the towne. 

Bowe Castel longging to the King x. myles est fro Cairluel. On Kirkebek. 

Nere abowt Bou Castel alias Belcastel be fownd Briton 
brikes, with entayled worke and portretures, yn the old 
fundations. 

Fro Bowe Castel to Naward a fair castel f of the Lord 
Dacers iiii. myles sowt fro Naward, viii. myles fro Cairluel. 

Millum a castel longing to S[er] John Hudelstan stond- 
ing on the river of Dudden or Dudden Sandes. (Apon a 
creke by the se side) a XL. yere ago fisch was fownd ther 
of an infinite greatnes. 

Hyghhed Castel a vi. or vii. myles [from] Cairluel by 
sowth. Yt stondeth on Yve Bek. 

Kirke Oswald Castel sowth sowth f est, xii. myles fro 
Cairluel, and sowth fro Naward. Yt stondeth almost on 
Edon. 

[* Dr. Thomas Ruthall, bp. of Durham, 1509, secretary to Kings 
Henry VII and VIII. Was lord of Norham Castle.] 

[t Over these words Leland wrote two lines, the ends of which are 
destroyed, viz.: " cavit aut re . . . proavus hujus Dacori e . . ."] 



Holme Cultran. 

c Calder Abbey. 

e ? Kyloe in Northumberland. 



b St. Bees. 

d Coupland barony. 

f Naworth Castle. 



56 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cumberland. Perith a a castel of the kinges b[y the] towne of Pereth 
xvi. myles so[wth] fro Cairluel, and v. myles sowth w[est] 
from Kirkoswald. 

Ther cummeth at [Ingjmer Medow [owt] of Peterel [a 
g]ut to Penrith, [and at Carlton] half a [myle] of yt runneth 
ynto Emot, alias ^Eymont. Strikland Bisshop of Cairluel b 
did the cost to dig [it.] 

Graystok Castel of the Lorde Dacors, xiiii. myles fro 
Cairluel sowth, and iii. myles west fro Perith. 

Rose a castel of the Bisshops of Cairluel [vi. myles] fro 
Cairleul by [sowth west.] Bisshop Kight d made hit very 
[fresh.] * 

Ruines of castels desolated and townes. 

fo. 72 b. Remember to aske by the Itineray how the old townes 
stoode.f 

In the forest of Ynglewood a vi. myles fro Cairluel appere 
ruines of a castel cawled Castel Luen. 

Leland v, These thinges folowing I lernid of the Vicar or person 
fo. loi.J of Corbridge at Newcastel. 

Northum- Corbridg about a xi. miles from Newcastelle: But to go 
berland. to j t t h e next wa y f rom Duresme it is not past a 16. or 18. 
miles. 

Corbridge is on the same ripe of Tine that New Cas- 
telle is. 

The chirch of Corbridge is dedicate onto S. Andre. 

The personage was ons impropriate to the Priory of Tin- 
mouth, sins by exchaunge to Cairluel. 

The toune at this tyme is ful meanely buildid. 

The names of diverse stretes that hath beene there yet 
hath names, as old people there testifie, and great tokens 

[* This word seen by Hearne, now gone. In this margin appear to 
have been two short notes, of which only two or three letters are now 
visible.] 

[t Leland's marginal reminder ; did he mean Antonine's Itinerary?] 
[J These fos. 101-106 are transferred from Part VII. See vol. iv, 
p. 24, note.] 

a Penrith. b William Strickland, bp. of Carlisle, 1400. 

c Greystoke castle. d John Kite, bp. of Carlisle, 1513-21. 



PART IX 



57 



of old foundations be yet founde there, and also Numis- Northum- 
mata Ro. berland. 

The stone bridge that now is at Corbridge over Tine is 
larg, but it is set sumwhat lower apon Tine then the olde 
bridg was. 

Ther be evident tokens yet seene where the olde bridg 
was, and theraboute cummith downe a praty broke on the 
same side that that the toun is on, and hard by it, and goit 
into Tine. I thing verely that this broke is caullid Corve, 
though the name be not welle knowen there, and that the 
toune berith the name of it (Colus flu.).* 

By this broke as emong the ruines of the olde town is a 
place caullid Colecester, wher hath beene a forteres or 
castelle. The peple there say that ther dwellid yn it one 
Yoton, whom they fable to have beene a gygant. 

There is no bridge on Tyne, as I remembre, bytwixt 
Newcastelle and Corbridge. 

As far as I can perceyve by the boke of the life of S. Oswin 
the martyr, Colebrige is alway put ther for Corbridge. Colebridge. 

There appere ruines of arches of a stone bridge over Tyne fo. 102. 
river, at ... Castelle longging to the Erie of Westmerland 
a 3. miles lower on the ryver then Corbridge. 

Chipchace bridg of ... on Tyne. 

Mounbowcher was a man of fair landes in Northumbre- 
lande : and Doctor Davelle f told me that the hospitale yn 
Newcastel hath yet landes of his gifte. 

The Rudhams were men of fair landes in Northumbre- 
lande about Tille ryver, ontyl one of them having to wife 
one of the Humframville doughters killid a man of name, 
and thereby lost the principale of 600. marke landes by yere. 
So that at this tyme Rudham of Northumbreland is but a 
man of mene landes. 

Hasilrig of Northamptonshir J hath about a 50. li. lande 

[* In the margin.] 

[t Dr. Davell, probably Robert archdeacon of Northumberland, one 
of the signatories for annulling the marriage of Henry with Anne of 
Cleves, gth July, 1540. Several of the family were in Yorkshire; Henry 
Davell was the last, abbot of Whitby, and gained a pension of 100 marks 
in 1539-40.] 

[t Burton underlined this word, and corrected it on margin of 
Leland's MS., "Leicestershire, of Nouseley," now Noseley.] 



Northum- 
berland. 



Herbotelle. 
The division 
oftheHer- 
botelles 
Landes. 



fo. 103. 

Doctor 

Davclle. 



58 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

in Northumbreland and Esselington, wher is a pratie pile is 
Hasilrigges, and one of the Colinwooddes dwellith now in it, 
and hath the over site of his landes. 

The ryver of Tame a risith a 10. miles by south west within 
the land, and cummith into Tyne aboute a mile above 
Getished," and not far bynethe Ravensworth Castelle. 

Tarset Castelle ruines in Northumbreland hard by north 
Tyne long now to the Lord Borow. 

There was one of the Grays of Northumbrelande a man 
of greate brute in the tyme of Edwarde the 4., that was sus- 
pect with the Quene of Scottes of adulterie. Wherapon he 
beying accusid of a gentilman of Scotteland cam with a 
band, as it is saide, of a 1000. men to Edingborow, and 
there caste down his glove to fight in the listes with his 
accuser: but he departid withowte fighteting; yet was it 
supposid, that Gray was not accusid therof withoute a 
cawse. 

The Herbotelles landes in Northumbreland, that was a 
300. markes by the yere, cam of late dayes to 2. doughters, 
wherof the one was maried to Syr Thomas Percy, that was 
for treason hangid at Tiburne. The other was maried to 
Fitton of Chestershir. Mr. Doctor Davel told me that the 
limes of the Bisshoprike of Duresmegoith beyond the mouth 
on Darwent up apon Trente even to the paroch of Rytoun. 

A pile or castelet at Bowes on Watheling Streate. 

The Davelles cam owte of Normandie, and sins they 
have be men of greate possessions yn the north partes of 
England. But they cam in Edwarde the 2. tyme to decay 
and ruine. For the chief of the Davelles, that was Syr 
Loson Davelle and Syr Hugh Davelle, both barons (as Mr. 
Doctor Davelle sayith, but sufficiently to me provid not,) 
toke Thomas Duke * of Lancaster and the barons part 
agayne Edwarde the 2. and Peter Gaveston, wherapon 
Davelles landes were attaintid and sparkelid. 

Yet remanid of the name 4. or 5. younger brethern, that 
after got meane landes: and one of them after in descent 

[* Leland wrote Duke> but Burton crossed it through and wrote 
Earle above. ] 



a Teame. 



b Gateshead. 



Ryton. 



PART IX 59 

consumid a 100. li. landes by the yere in Notinghamshire Northum- 
in mere hauking and hunting. berland. 

There yet remayne meene gentilmen of the name. 

The principal land and habitation of the Davelles was 
about Pontefracte in Yorkeshire. 

Much of the Gascoynes lande and the landes of True- 
whit, alias Turwit, of Lincolnshir, longid to the Davelles. 

The name of the originale house of the Davelles yet 
remainith yn Normandie aboute the partes, as I have heard, 
of Alaunsun. 

Roger Thorton* the great riche marchaunte of New- 
castelle in Edwarde the 4. dayes, by whom the Lomeleys 
landes were greatly augmentid, as by mariage of his dough- 
ter and heyre, buildid S. Katerines chapelle, the towne 
haulle, and a place for pore almose menne by Sand Hille 
gate a litle lower then Newcastelle bridge on the very ripe 
of Tyne within the toun of Newcastelle. The isle, and 
almost al the landes that the Lorde Lomeley hath in York- 
shir and Northumbreland, was this Thorntons. f 

This Roger Thorton was the richest marchaunt that ever 
was dwelling in Newcastelle. 

One John Warde a riche marchant of Newcastelle made 
a maisun dieu for xii. poore men and xii. poore women by 
the Augustine Freres in Newcastelle. 

One Christopher Brigham, a marchant of Newcastelle, 
made of late a litle hospital by the Gray Freres in New- 
castelle. 

The waulles of Newcastelle were begon, as I have harde, 
in King Edwarde the firste day, as I harde, by this occa- 
sion. A great riche man of Newcastelle was taken prisoner 
by the Scottes owt of the town self as it is reportid. Wher- 
apon he was raunsomid for a greate sum: and returning fo. 104. 
home he began to make a waulle on the ripe of Tyne 

[* In a small blank in Stow's copy preceding this line is written the 
following in a hand of the seventeenth century: "This Thornton was 
at the fyrst very poore, and, as the people report, was a pedler, and of 
hym to this day they reherse this ryme : 

Jn at tjjc Siaaestgate came Thonton [r. Thornton or Thorton] in, 
<Jf Ittfi a ttalf pnil i.i ] fiapt in a L\ams clnjun. | 

[t See further as to the Thorntons and the Lumleys, vol. iv, p. 118.] 



6o 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Northum- ryver from Sandehille to Pandon gate and beyound that to 



berland. th e towre agayne the Augustine Freres. 

The residew of the marchauntes of the toune seying this 
towardnes of one man, sette to their helping handes, and 
continuid ontylle the hole toun was strongely about waullid, 
and this worke was finishid in Edwarde the 3. dayes, as I 
have harde. 

The strenghth and magnificens of the waulling of this 
towne far passith al the waulles of the cities of England and 
of most of the townes of Europa.* 

fo. 106. Prior Castel of Dyrham, the last save one, buildid the 
toure in Fame Isleland for defence owt of the grounde. 
Ther was a chapel and a poore house afore. 

Ther was a house of chanons at Ovingeham apon Tyne 
agayne Prudehow a on the other side of Tyne, a master and 
3. chanons, celle to Hexham. Humfranville gave the per- 
sonage of Ovingeham to Hexham that they should find 
certen chanons ther. 

Morley of Morpath b was ons Lord of Wercworth Castel 
on Coket c mouth. 

Dr. Davel told me, that Antony de Bek buildid or renewid 
Kensington, as he hath hard, and gave it to king or prince. 
. . . He buildid Duresme Place in London. 

Leland vii, f thens yt goith withyn a myle and lesse of Newcastel, and 

fo. 72 contd., so croketh upward toward Tinemuth. 

see p. 56. Doctor Davel told me that S. Nicolas chirch in New- 

castel stondith on the Picth waulle. 

Bytwyxt Thyrwal d and North Tine yn the wast ground 
stondeth yet notable peaces of the wall, the which was made 
ex lapide quadrate^ as yt there appereth yet. Looke wher as 
the grownd ys best enhabited thorowg the walle, so there yt 

[* Part of this page is blank. On it, in a hand of late seventeenth or 
eighteenth century, is the note: " Continet hoc volumen 92 pag." The 
original numbering of the leaf was 90 (afterwards altered to 104), the 
next two leaves are blank. Evidently the original volume ended here.] 

[t A blank precedes this paragraph, which appears to relate to the 
Picts' wall.] 



a Prudhoe. 
c Coquet r. 



b Morpeth. 
d Thirlwall. 



PART IX 



61 



lest appereth by reason of buildinges made of the stones of Northum- 
the waule. The walle on the farther side toward the Pictes berland. 
was strongly dichyd. Beside the stone wall, ther appere yet 
yn very many places vestigia muri cespititii, that was an 
arow shot a this side the stone wal; but that it was 
thoroughly made as the stone wal was yt doth not wel 
appere there. 

Fro Bolnes a to Burgh b abowt a iiii. myles, fro thens yt Cumberland, 
goeth within half a myle of Cairluel, and lesse on the 
north side, and crosseth over Edon a iii. quarters of a myle 
benethe Cairluel, and so to Terreby d a litel villag a myle fro 
Cairluel, then thorowgh the barony of Linstok; and 
thorowgh Gillesland on the north side of the river of Arding 6 
a quarter of a myle of the abbay of Lenarcost, and then a 
iii. myles above Lenarcost yt crosseth over Arding, then over 
the litle brooke of Polt rosse, f the which devideth Gillesland 
in Cumberland from Sowth Tyndale yn Northumbreland, 
then to a castel caulled Thirlewal, stondyng on the same, 
thens directly est thorowgh Sowth Tyndale not far fro the 
great [ruijnes of the castel of Cairvorein, g the [which] be 
nere Thyrlewal, and so over North [Tyne, then] directly 
[est thorowgh the hedd of] Northumbreland. 

There is a fame that Oswald wan the batelle at Halydene h 
a 2. myles est from S. Oswaldes Asche.' And that Haliden 
is it that Bede caullith Hevenfeld. And men there aboute 
yet * finde smaule wod crossis in the grounde.f 

% Northomberland. 

In Sowthe Tynedale, as in that is be syd Hexhamshire Stow, vol. v, 
except and yet as a parte of Sowthe or Sowthest Tyndale, is fo> X 43- 
but one paroche churche, and that is caullyd Haultewesel. k 

[* Leland interlined they over yet.\ 

[t Here ends Leland's vol. vii.] 

[t From this point to the end of the Part Hearne supplied from Stow, 
the original leaves being lost. But he does not explain how he guessed 
his figuring of the folios, which is not in Stow.] 



Northum- 
berland. 



fo. 73. 



a Bowness. 
d Tarraby. 
8 Carvoran. 



b Burgh by Sands. 
8 Irthmg r. 
h Hazeldean. 

k Haltwhistle. 



Carlisle. 

Tipalt burn. 

? St. Oswald's chapel. 



62 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Northum- There be bisyde aliquot sacella, where of one is not far from 
berland. Willington, and it is caulyd White Chapell. There lyethe 
one of the holy Aydans, and othar holy men in the churche 
yarde by the chapel. 

In Northe Tynedale is but one paroche churche cawlyd 
Simons burne. a In it is aliquot sacella. Sens I hard that 
Simons burne is in Sowth Tynedale, and that in North 
Tindale is onely Belingeham chaple longinge to Simons 
burne. 

In Ridesdale be but 3. paroche churchus, the cheffest 
is Ellesdene. then Halistene, and Corsansid. b To thes 
parochis resorte the witriding men othar wyse theues* of 
that Englishe marche. 

Rede risethe within 3. miles of the Scottyshe marche. It 
risethe in the northe, and cummithe sowthwest thrwghe 
Ridesdale, and so into North Tyne arme, a litle lowgher 
then Belingham, that stondithe somewhat of off Northe 
Tyne, and is a x. mils above Hexam. 

North Tyne risithe playne northe, and rennith almoste 
playne northe J til he metith with Southe Tyne. 

Some hold opinion that at Halistene, or in the river of 
Coquet, thereabout wer 3000. christenyd in one day inprimi- 
tiva ecclesia Sax. 

Coquet ryver for a certen space of miles devidith Cuque- 
dale from Ridesdale. 

Coquet cummithe by Herbotell, d a goodly castle, and thens 
to Linne Briggs, sumtyme of stone, now fallen. Ther about 
was great buyldinge, but now desolation. 

New Castle a market towne. 
fo. 144. Hexham a market towne. 

Morpet a market towne is xii. longe miles from New 
Castle. Wansbeke a praty ryver rynnithe thrwghe the syde 

[* Witriding, i.e., outriding men or thieves. Stow's MS. has 
"witeiding," probably mis-read or badly copied. The spelling "wt," 
pron. "ut," for out, is used in old Border writings. The Border 
marauders were known as " outriding " men. See New Eng. Diet., 
" outrider," 3, and "outriding."] 

[t Read "standeth off of."] [J Evidently error for south.] 



* Simondburn. b Corsenside. 

c Holystone. d Harbottle. 



PART IX 63 

of the towne. On the hethar syde of the river is the prin- Northum- 
cipall churche of the towne. On the same syde is the fayre bei> land. 
castle stondinge apon a hill, longinge with the towne to the 
Lord Dacres of Gilsland. 

The towne is longe and metely well buyldyd with low 
howsys, the stretes pavyd. It is far fayrar towne then 
Alenwike." 

A qwartar of a mile owt of the towne on the hithere syde 
of Wanspeke b was Newe Minster abbay of White Monks, 
plesaunt with watar and very fayre wood about it. 

Alnewike market towne. 

Banborowgh now no market towne. 

Berwike a merket towne. 

Castles in Northumbarland. 

New Castle.* * 

Chipchace a praty towne and castle, hard on the easte 
parte of the arme of Northe Tyne, the whiche devidethe 
Tyndale frome Northehumbarland. For Tyndall thowghe it 
be as a parte of Northumberland, yet it is as a parte privi- 
legyd within it selfe. 

Tynmouth abbay sumtym usyd for a castle. 

Dalawele Castle 4. miles from Tynemouthe, and within a 
mile of the shore. 

Otterburne Castle stondinge on Otter in Ridesdale, the 
whiche joynethe hard apon North Tyndall. 

There be ruines of a castle longynge to the Lorde Borow 
at Mydforde on the sowthe syde of Wansbeke, iiii. miles 
above Morpeth. It was beten downe by the Kynge. For 
one Ser Gilbert Midleton robbyd a cardinall cominge out 
of Scotland, and fled to his castle of Midford. 

Morpeth Castle stondythe by Morpith towne. It is set on 
a highe hill, and about the hill is moche wood. The towne 
and castle belongeth to the Lord Dacors. It is well mayn- 
tayned. 

Witherington Castle longinge to the Wytheringtons stond- 

[* All these four preceding names are left with blank spaces.] 
* Alnwick. b Wansbeck r. c Mitford. 



64 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Northum- ethe with in halfe a myle of the shore, somewhat as towch- 
berland. i n g e agains Coket isleland. By it runnithe a title broke on 
fo. 145. the northe syde, and there is a title village of the same 
name. The broke renneth into the se by it selfe. 

Werkworthe Castell stondythe on the sou the syde of Co- 
quet watar. It is well maynteyned and is large. It longed 
to the Erie of Northomberland. It stondithe on a highe 
hille, the whiche for the more parte is includyd with the 
ry ver, and is about a mile from the se. Ther is a piety * 
towne, and at the towne ende is a stone bridge withe a 
towre on it. Beyond the bridge is Banborowshire. 

Alnewik Castle. 

Howwike a a title pile longinge to the ... a mile from 
the shore. 

Dunstaneborowgh b a 2. miles beyond Howwik harde on 
the se shore. It stondethe on a hy stone rok. The castle 
is more then halfe a mile in compace, and there hathe bene 
great building in it. Therby is a strong . . . 

Betwixt Dunstanborow and Banborow is Embleton, a mile 
fro the shore, and a mile from Dunstanboro. 

Bamborow, sometyme a huge and great castle, one of the 
strongest in thos partes. 

Agerston c a towre apon the south syde of Lindis ryver. 

Chillingham Castle longinge to Ser Edward Grey, whos 
wyfe was maried to Ser Robert Heldercar. 

Foord Castle in Glyndale apon the east syd of Tille. d It is 
metly stronge, but in decay. 

Etel Castel 6 stondinge on playne grownde, hard on the 
este syde of Tylle, longynge to the Erie of Rutland. 

Eyton Castle longing to Ser Edward Graye 2. miles lower 
on Tyle then Etel. It stondithe on the west syd of Tylle. 
The Scotts at Floden Fild bet it sore. 

Werke Castle f on the southe syd of Twede, a praty towne 
there. 

Norham Castle on the same syde. 

Berwike on the northe syd. 

[* Sic in MS. Read /r<?/y. ] 



* Howick. b Dunstanburgh. c Haggerston. 

d Till r. Etal Castle. * Wark Castle. 



PART IX 



Northum- 
berland. 



fo. 146. 



Howsys of Relygion in Northumbarland. 

Bolton * of chanons in Cokedale, whiche they call comonly 
Glinedale. The Lord Rose was foundar there. 

Halistane nunre in Ridsdale, a bytwyxt Aidan-bridge and 
Hexham. 

Hexham. 

Lamle b a nunrye on Sowthe Tyne. 

Brinkborne priorye on Coquet. Blake Chanons by moste 
likelyhods of the Lisles foundation, or the Feltons before 
the Lisles. 

Haly Eyland c monks. 

Bambrughe a cell to S. Oswald. 

New Minstar. 

Fame. 

Coquet a cell to Tynemowthe. 

Tinemouth. 

Blancheland, Whit Chanons, in Northumbarlandshire. For 
it stondithe in the farthar syde of Darwent. From Darwent Durham, 
mouthe to Wyre d mouthe the low contry betwixt is cawlyd 
Wyralshire. Parte, or moste parte of Chester, 6 is in Wyrale/ 

Where as the hospital is now of Saynt Edmond at Getes- 
hed in Wyrale was sometyme a monastary, as I have hard, 
and be lykelyhod the same that Bede spekythe of. 

Castles. 

Huttun 8 a faire castle in the midste of Northombarland, 
as in the bredthe of it. It is a iiii. or v. miles northe from 
Fenwike pile, and this is the oldist howse of the Swyn- 
burnes. 

Wallington Castle 2. miles est from Hutten. It is the 
chefist howse of the Fenwiks. Ser John Fenwike is now 
lorde of it. 

Darwent.f 



Northum- 
berland. 



[* On Aln r.] 



[t Here begins a list of rivers.] 



a Holystone nunnery in Redesdale. 
Holy Island. 
c Chester-le-Street. 

f ? Swinburne Castle. 
V. F 



b Lambley. 
* Wear r. 

1 PWeardale. 



66 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Northum- Thenis* a litle river cummithe in to Tyne on the southe 
berland. S y^ e a m [i e above New Castle. 

Tyne. 

Cone ryver b comithe by Lanchestre or it come to Chester 
in the Strete. Lanchester a vi. miles west from Chestre. 

Hedle broke metithe at Chestre, or there about, with 
Cone water. 

Pont. 

Wansbege." 

Coket d risethe in Ridesdale in a ground beringe ling, and 
some what fenny. 

Alne. 

Rye. e 

Bremische f is the very water of Tille; but at the heade 
and a certayne cowrse it is caullyd Bremiche, and aftar 
lesethe the name; and is cawllyd Tylle. 

Conke, alias Coquet. 

Low. 

Glyne g risethe in Chivet hills, and so into Glyndale on to 
Newton village, where is a towr. Ther is a litle broke 
cawlyd Boubent h cumminge owt of Scotland rennithe into 
Glyn to Langton village 9. miles of, where is a ruine of a 
towre a myle of. So to Copland village a mile, where the 
watar brekethe into armes makynge islets ; but sone aftar 
metynge, and so a 2. mills a this syde Forde Castle in to 
Tylle. 

Tyle risethe in the hills of Chivet, k and so cummithe into 
Glindale unto a castle caullyd Chillingham Castle a vi. miles 
from the Chyvet hylls, so to Forde Castle an viii. miles of, to 
Ethell 1 Castle on the bridge of stone downe on the est syde 
fo. 147. a mile, to Hetton Castle on the west syde of the Tylle a 3. 
miles and halfe of, so to Twislebridge" of stone one bow, 
but greate and stronge, where is a townlet and a towre a 2. 
miles of; so to Hornecleue a litle village on the east syde 
not halfe a mile of, and there in to Tweede. Hornecleue 
is halfe a myle above Norham. 

a Team r. b Cong burn. Wansbeck r. 

d Coquet r. e Wreigh r. f Breamish r., afterwards Till. 

8 Glen r. h Bowmont Water. * Coupland. 

k Cheviot. ! Etal. ra Heaton. 

Twizel. Horncliffe. 



PART IX 67 

Twede risythe in Twydedale in Scotland at a towne (as I Northum- 
here say) cawllyd Pybbell, a and so comithe thrwghe the berland. 
forest of Eterik in Scotland, and so thorwghe Tynedale in 
Scotland, the people where of robbe sore and continually in 
Glyndale and Bamborowshire; and at a litle broke, cawlyd 
Ryden burne,* the whiche partithe England and Scotland by 
este and west, and comithe in to Twede, the greate streame 
of Twede towchithe on the Englyshe grownde as a limes be- 
twene Scotland and it. So to Carham a good mile of, a 
litle village, where is a cell of 2. chanons of Kyrkham 5 in 
Yorkeshire. At this Carham is a litle towre of defence agayne 
the Scotts. So to Werke c Castle a mile of and more, a 
meatly stronge fortrese, to Cornehil a litle pile 2. miles of, 
agaynst the whiche on the farthar rype in Scotland is Cauld- 
streame d a place of nunes. So to Norham Castle where is 
also a meatly good toune about a 3. miles of. So to Berwike 
a vi. mils stondinge on the northe syde of Twede a litle. 
There by at the bridge on the sowthe syde of the watar is 
Twemowthe 6 as a suburbe to the towne, and thens . . . 

In Northumbarland, as I heare say, be no forests excepte 
Chivet hills, where is muche brushe wood, and some 
okke, grownd ovar growne with linge, and some with mosse. 
I have hard say that Chivet hilles stretchethe xx. miles. 
There is greate plenty of redd dere and roo bukkes. 

The forest of Loughes is in Tindale on the west syde of 
Northe Tyne, even betwyxt the Tynnes armes. 

Betwixt New Castle and Tyne Mouthe litle wood. 

Bytwixte New Castle and Morpethe litle wood grownd. 

Bytwyxt Morpethe and Alenewik good plenty of wood in 
certayne places and many parks; xii. miles betwixt New 
Castle and Morpethe, xii. longe miles betwene Morpethe and 
Alnwike, xx. to Berwike. So from New Castle to Berwike. 
Betwixt Alenwike and Berwike litle plenty of wood. 

From New Castle to Hexham a xiiii. miles, and that way 
litle wood excepte at few places. 

[* Redden village about two miles west of Carham, the burn falls 
into the Tweed not far from the present boundary line.] 



Peebles. b Stow has Kynkham. Wark. 

d Coldstream. e Tweedmouth. 



68 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Northum- There they reken not Hexham in Tindale, but as a liberty 
berland. by j t selfe It is the market o f Southe Tindale. 

fo. 148. The libertye of Hexham stretchithe a x. miles southe 
west one way. 

In Bamborowshire, parte of Northumbarland, is litle or 
no wood. 

In Ridsedale no plenty of wood. 

In Glindale here and there wood, and Chiveot servithe 
them well; but the great wood of Chiveot is spoylyd now, 
and crokyd old trees and schrubs remayne. 

From Riddenborn a longe Twed to Barwike almoste no 
wood. They burne se cole that be dyggyd at Morton a 
litle village in Glyndal a 2. mile from Berwike. 

Glindall" goethe a longe on Twede fro Rodenburn to 
Twede Mouth standinge in Glendale. 

Haly Eylandshire b conteyneth all alonge the shore from 
Agorston c to Beele, d and so alonge to Bamborow. 

a Glendale. b Holy Island. 

c Haggerston. d Beal. 



PART X.* 



IDEgnum Northumbrorum ab Humbroflu. antiquitus ad fo. 60 a. 

fanum S.Joannis in Scotia. 

Regnum Northumbrorum divisum in duas paries, id esf, 
in regnum Deirorum et regnum Berniciorum. 

Regnum Deirorum ab Humbro ad Thesim Beverle olim 
dicebatur. 2. Deirewalde, id est, Silva Deirorum. 

Nomina regum Deirorum.^ 

Ellafilius Yffi. Mol) qui et Ethelwoldus. 

Ethelricus. Alcredus. 

Ethelfridus. Ethelredus, qui et Ethebrigh- 

Edwinus. tus dictus. 

Osricus. Alwoldus. 

Oswaldus. Osredus. 

Oswius. Ethelbrightus.% 

Ecfridus. Osbaldus. 

Alfridus. Eardulphus. 

Osredus. Osbricght et Ella eonjuncti. 

Chenredus. Aldene et Eonils juncti. 

Osricus. Ragnaldus. 

Ceolwulphus. Sictricus. 

Eadbertus. Guthefertus^ ult. regum. 

Oswulphus. 

[* Hearne's vol. vii, part 2. The original of Leland's MS. for this 
Part is lost. Hearne printed it from Stow's copy, Tanner MS. 464, 
vol. iii, fos. 60-81. The first two leaves are headed "comentaria 
Anglia 3," and evidently were separate from what follows in Stow's 
time, probably on loose leaves, Stow's fo. 6 1 v being chiefly blank. 
The Itinerary proper begins on fo. 62.] 

[t These lists of Northumbrian kings and earls appear to be taken 
from William of Malmesbury (Rolls series, index, vol. ii, cf. the kings 
as far as Alwold) and Simeon of Durham (Rolls ser. ).] 

[t Should be Ethelred.] 

[ Guthred; confused with Cuthbert by the old copyist.] 

69 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 60 b. 



Nomina regum Bernisiorum. 



fo. 6 1 a. 
788. 

793- 

875- 
941. 

1080. 
1093. 



1296. 



Idafilius Eoppae. 
Adda. 
Clappa. 
Theodulphus. 



Fradulphus, 

phus. 

Theodericus. 
Aethelricus. 
Ethelfridus. 



alias Frecul- 



Nomina comitum Northumbrian. 



Osulphus comes; cut per 
Edgarum regem adjunc- 
tus* Oslacus. 

Vualtheuus. 

Wictredus. 

Edulphus CudeL 

Aldredus. 

Edulphus, 

Siwardus. 

Tosti. 

Morcharus, et postea Osul- 
phus adjunctus et. 

Copsius, alias Cospius. 



Robertus Comyn. 

Cospatritius. 

Vualtheuus. 

Walcherus episcopus. 

Albricus, 

Robertus de Mulbreio: quo 
capto cessavit comitatus ad- 
ministrari a comitibus; et 
ex tune in manu regum, 
scil. Gul. Magni, Gulielmi 
Junioris, et Henrici man- 
sit^ 



Elfwaldus rex Northumbrorum occisus a Sigga patritio 
apud Scyltecestre juxta murum% anno Domini 788. 

Lindisfarne, alias Haly Eland, depopulata a Danis anno 
Dom. 793. 

Haldenus, unus ex principibus Danorum, totam North- 
umbriam sibi subjugavit anno Domini 875. 

Anlaphus Damis incendit Tiningham anno Domini 941. 

Robertus Curtoys, filiits Gulielmi Conquestoris^ condidit 
Castellum Novum super Tinam anno Domini 1080. 

Malcolinus rex Scottorum occisus prope Aile fluvium a 
quodam Morello milite anno 1093. 

Malcolinus rex sepultus in Monasterio de Tinemuthe. 

Rex Joannes fodiendo apud Corbrige thesauros sedfrus- 
tra quaesivit. 

Scotti prioratum Hagustaldensem cum tota villa incendio 
destruxerunt anno Domini 1296. 



[* Admundus in MS.] 



[t Manset in MS.] 
Muru in MS.] 



PART X 71 

Nomina episcoporum Hagustaldensis ecdesiae.* 

Wilfridus. 

Eata. 

Tunbertus. 

Joannes, qui et postea episeopus Ebor. post quern Wil- 
fridus iterum Hagustal. episeopus. 

Acca. 

Freohebertus. 

Alchmundus. 

Tilbertus. 

Ethelbertus. 

Heardredus. 

Eanbertus. 

Tidferdus, cujus^ Danis omnia late depopulantibus, ces- 
savit episcopatus Hagustaldensis. 

Thomas archiepiscopus Eboracensis induxit canonicos re- 
gulares in ecclesiam% Hagustaldensem anno Dom. 1112. 1112. 
Henrici regis 13. Aschetillus primus Prior Hagustaldensis 
ecdesiae, Robertus Pisethe secundus. 

Translatae fuerunt relliquiae Accae ex coemiterio in fc>. 61 b. 
ecclesiam Hagustaldensem post ducentos || et quinquaginta 
annos per Alfredum presbyterum Dunelmensem. 

RichardusMaconfuit rector parochialis ecdesiae deHexam 
ante inductos canonicos. 

Cummynge to Henley I saw in the valley the priorie of Oxfordshire. 
Hurley, a celle to Westminster, standinge on the right ripe fo. 62 a. 
of the Thames. 

The bridge at Henley is all of tymbre, as moste parte of 
the bridgs be ther about. It was of stone, as the foundation 
shewithe at a low watar. 

The Hastings, now Erls of Huntendune, chefe lords of 
Henley. It was the Lorde Molines, then by decent Peverels, 
Hungerford, and so Hastyngs. 

Plenty of wood and corne about Henley. The soyle 
chalky and hillinge. 

[* Bishops of Hexham.] 

[t Hearne suggests that instead of cujus either quo mortuo or nunc 
should be read.] 

[t Ecclesia, MS.] [ Aite in MS.] 

[|| Ducenton in MS.] 



Oxfordshire. 
Gray Domi- 
nus de Rother- 
filde, senes- 
challus 
Edward 3. 



fo. 62 b. 



Blesclles 
Leghe. 



72 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Rotherfeld about a mile from Henley. There is a parke. 
It is of moste men caulled Rotherfelde Gray, by cawse that 
one of the Gray of Ruthyne came to be owner of [it].* Sum 
put this addition onto it, Gray Murdach, sayynge that this 
Murdach was a bysshope, and in comprobation of it there 
be dyverse myters sene in the haule in Rotherfeld. 

There appere enteringe into the maner place on the righte 
hand 3. or 4. very olde towers of stone, a manifest token 
that it was sume tyme a castle. Ther is a very large courte 
buildyd about with tymbar and spacyd withe brike ; but this 
is of a latter worke. Men of Henley may yet remembar that 
it was the Lord Level's pocession. Sens by attainture it 
cam by gifte to Knolls. 

Stoner a is a 3. miles out of Henley. Ther is a fayre 
parke, and a waren of connes, and fayre woods. The 
mansion place standithe clyminge on an hille, and hathe 2. 
courtes buyldyd withe tymbar, brike and flynte. Syr Waltar 
Stonar now pocessor of it hathe augmentyd and strengthed 
the howse. The Stoners hathe longe had it in possessyon. 
Syns one Fortescue invadyd it by mariage of an heire generall 
of the Stoners, but aftar dispocessyd. 

From Oxford to Hinkesey fery a quartar of a myle or 
more. Ther is a cawsey of stone fro Oseney to the ferie, 
and in this cawsey be dyvers bridges of plankes. For there 
the streme of Isis breketh into many armelets. The fery 
selfe is over the principale arme or streame of Isis. 

Bleselles Legh b a litle village is a 3. mile from Hinkesey 
fery in the highe way from Oxford to Ferendune, alias 
Farington/ At this Legh be very fayre pastures and woods. 
The Blesells hathe bene lords of it syns the tyme of 
Edwarde the First or afore, and there they dyd enhabite. 
The place is all of stone, and stondithe at the west end of 
the paroche churche. Blesells were lords also of Rodecote d 
apon the ryver of Isis by Ferendune, wher hathe bene a 
stronge pile, and now a mansion place. The Blesells cam 
out of Province in Fraunce, and were men of activitye in 

[* Hearne; not in MS.] 



a Stonor Park. 
c Farringdon. 



b Besils Leigh. 
d Radcot. 



PART X 73 

feates of armes, as it apperithe in monuments at Legh how Oxfordshire, 
hefawght in listes with a strange knight that chalengyd hym, 
at the whiche deade the Kynge and Quene at that tyme of 
England were present. The Blesells were countyd to have 
pocessyons of 400. marks by the yere. The last heire male 
of them was a-lyve in hominum memoria. Legh and Rodecote 
cam by mariage of an heire generall of the Blesells onto 
Fetiplace. 

From Legh I rode halfe a myle and cam to Towkey, a 
where had ben a village. The churche or chapell yet 
remayneth, and ther by in a wood was a manor place now 
clene downe. It longethe now as a ferme to Magdalen Col- 
ledge in Oxford. 

I rode thens a 2. myles and halfe thorowghe fayre cham- 
payne ground, frutefull of corne, to Newbridge on Isis. 
The ground ther al about lyethe in low medowes often ovar- 
flowne by rage of reyne. Ther is a longe cawsye of stone 
at eche end of the bridge. The bridge it selfe hathe vi. fo. 63 a. 
greate arches of stone. Thens I passyd by a fayre mylle a 
forow lengthe of, and ther semyd to cum downe a broke 
that joynithe with Isis about New Bridge. 

Thens 4. myles or more to Whiteney, b where is a market 
and a fayre churche with a goodly piramis of stone. 

Thens a myle to Crauley c Bridge of 2. arches of stone 
over Winruche d ryver that goithe by Whitney. Crauley vil- 
lage is hard by the bridge. 

Thens about a myle to Mynster c village havynge the 
name of Lovell somtyme lorde of it. There is an auncient 
place of the Lovels harde by the churche. Mastar Vinton 
of Wadeley by Farington hathe it of the Kynge in ferme. 

Thens I rode a 3. myles or 4. thrwghe the forest of Wich- 
wood longinge to the Kynge, where is plentye of wood and 
fallow dere. This forest longed to the Bewchamps Erls of 
Warwike, and so dyd Burforde towne. 

Then commynge out of the forest I enteryd into a soyle 
champayne on every syde, in the whiche, as in slypes, were 
some prety groves and woods. 

a Tubney seems intended. b Witney. 

c Crawley. d Windrush. 

e Minster Lovell. 



74 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Oxfordshire. Bekington a Maner Place at Bekington with a fayr mille. 
Bruerne watar renithe by it. 

And thus passynge scant 2. mile, I cam to a place caulyd 
Borow" apon the top of a meane hill, where apperyd a 
greate ditche to the compace of a quartar of a myle, in the 
whiche dyd grow very good corne. First I toke it for a 
campe of men of warre. Aftar I marked in some placis of 
the toppe of the diche as there had bene a waull set on it. 
And I marked a place as where a gate had bene in to it 
toward the este. In dede it was nothinge but a campe of 
men of warre, and ther is a nothar on the same downes. So 
halfe a good myle to Cerceden c village. 

Chirchehille village and lordshipe longginge to Mastar 
fo. 63 b. Barentyn is hard be Cerceden. Cerceden was first Golafer's 
maner, then, as I remembar, Browning's. Home of late 
made the faire howse there of sqwarid stone.* 

Bruern Abbey a mile of, hard on the right ripe of the 
river. d Good pasture, corne, woodde. 

Stow in the Wolde is about a 3. myles of from it. 

Burford is a market a 3. myles from Bruerne. Bewchamps 
Erles of Warwyke were lords of it, and also of the forest of 
Wichewood. Some say that the Spencers and the Lovels 
had some dominion in it. Ther is notable quarye of fine 
stone about Burford. 

There was a place in Burford caullyd the Priorie. Herman 
the Kyng's barbar hathe now the lands of it. 

Langley is a myle from Burford. There remayne tokens 
of an olde maner place in the syde of the forest of Wiche- 
wood. 

Fro Cerceden to Chepingnorton a 3. good myles. Croftes 
were the auncient lords of this Norton, syns Rodeney, and 
then Cometoun that bought it. 

Hocnorton 6 a 3. myles all by champaine fro Cheping- 
norton. There is a fayre parke and an old manar place. It 
longed to Chaucer; then to the Poles Duks of Southefolke 
by mariage. Now from Brandon to the Kynge by exchange. 

[* As to Sarsden and these families see vol. ii, pp. 2-4.] 



a ? Bledington and the Evenlode. b Knoll-bury. 

c Sarsden. d Evenlode r. e Hook Norton. 



PART X 75 

Cold norton priory about a myle from Chepingnorton. Oxfordshire. 
This priory is now impropriate onto Brase-nose College in 
Oxford. Aboute a mile beyond the priory is Mastar 
Ascheles maner place. 

To Tue a a 3. myles, where Mastar Reynesford dwellithe. 

From Cerceden to Oxford a 15. miles. 

From Oxford to Abbandune a 4. myles.* This towne Abandune. 
stondithe on the right rype of Isis in Barkeshire. The towne Berkshire, 
of very olde tyme was caullyd Seusham, b syns Abendune of 
one Aben a monke heremite that began a monasterye in 
those quartars, as they imagine right folishely. Tretwthe it 
is that one Eanus a noble Saxon began to builde a litle 
monasterye by the permissyon of Cissa his master, Kynge of 
the Saxons, at a place caullid Chisewelf a 2. myles from 
Abbingdon northe northeste in the foote way to Oxford. 
The place after not thought convenient, it was translatid on fo. 643. 
to Seusham, wher apon the new monasterye beynge buyldyd, 
it was caullyd Abbandune, i.e., Abbatis oppidum. 

And not longe aftar thys tyme was the nunnery buildyd 
at Abbandune on the lifte ripe of Oche, alias Coche, ryver, 
as at the mowthe of it into Isis the great streme. This place 
of nunnes was dedicate unto Saincte Helene, the name wher 
of yet remaynithe. 

Bothe the abbay and the nunnery were destroyed by the 
Danes. Whithar the nunnery were reedified or no I can 
not tell. The abbay rose agayne, but it was a pore thinge 
ontill suche tyme as Kynge Edgare by the counsel of Ethel- 
wolde Byshope of Winchester dyd richely encrese it. 

There was one Faritius a straunger and phisician made 
Abbate of Abbendune a certeyne tyme after the Conqweste.J 

[* This account of Abingdon should be read with that in vol. i, 
pp. 1 20- 1 22. Leland seems to have found the book ' ' De Gestis Abbatum 
de Abbingdune " at the time of this visit, and to have made use of it. 
See the short history "De Abbatibus Abbendune," printed in Ap- 
pendix II to "Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon," ed. Jos. Stevenson, 
vol. ii, Rolls Series, 1858.] 

[t See vol. ii, p. 152, Chilswell, the scene of a notable battle in 
early times. ] 

[J A.D. IIOI.] 



Tew. Or Seukesham. Ock. 



7 6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Berkshire. He remevyd the olde churche that stode then more 
northerlye where now the orchard is, and made the este 
parte and transepte of a-new, only adorninge it [with *] 
diverse smaul marble pillers. Anon aftar cam an abbate, 
and seynge the howse not sufficiently served withe water, 
devised to turne the streme of Isis, and at the last brought 
it on to the very abbay syde, and partely thrwghe it. The 
chefe streme of Isis rane afore betwixt Andersey Isle 
and Culneham, a even where now the southe end is of 
Culneham. 

Oxfordshire. The othar arme that brekethe oute of Isis aboute a 
quarter of a mile above Culneham, and then cummithe 
downe Culneham thoroughe Culneham bridge selfe, is now 
the lesse peace of the hole river. In greate flods and brakkes 
of water waulls Culneham Water goith partely to the old 
botom of Isis, and then ther be 3. stremes. There was of 
olde tyme a fortres or pile lyke a castle in Andersey by 
south west of Abbandune, sett as almoste in the mydle 
betwixte the olde and new botom of Isis. The ground that 
it stoode on is a medow agayne S. Helens of a qwartar of a 
myle ovar. Sum parte of this fortrese stode aftar the 
Conqwest, and there were kepte the Kyngs hauks and 
hownds. 

Berkshire. There was an Abbate of Abbandune that perceyvyd welle 
how it had and shoulde noy the monasterie, and gave the 
Kinge Suttoun lordeshipe there by for it in exchaunge. It is 
a myle and halfe lower then Abbandune on the right ripe 
of Isis in Barkeshire. 

There is now an olde barne where the castelet or fortresse 

fo. 64 b. stoode. The place of the common people is yet caullid the 

Castelle of the Rhae, a flu. praeterlabente. The weste parte 

of the churche of Abbandune monasterie was reedified by 

one William Asschendune, abbate there. S. Edward the 

Martir's reliques for the moste parte were kept in Abbing- 

don, where sum sayethe he was in his tendre age brought up. 

Besilles. Ther were of the Blessells buried there. 

All the lands almoste betwene Ainsham b and Dorcester 

[* With not in MS.] 



a Culham. 



b Eynsham. 



PART X 77 

longed unto Abbandune. The rents of the abbay were Berkshire, 
almoste 2000. li. by the yere. 

Abbingdoun monasterye upon a pie for fraunchese was 
spoyled by men of Abbandun, of Newbiry, and of Oxforde ; 
for the whiche great punishement was taken. 

Ther was a parke at Radeley longinge onto Abbyndoun, 
which was disparkid by reason that the scollars of Oxford 
muche resortyd thethar to hunt. 

The chefe paroche churche of Abbyngdon of old tyme was 
Saint Nicholas by thabbey. The abbat of Abendoun made 
the hospitall of S. John Baptiste agayne it. This hospitall 
hathe bene annexid to S. Nicolas. Ther be 12 men in this 
hospitall. 

Seint Helens is now a paroche churche, and to it is the 
gretyst resorte of all the towne. 

At suche tyme as the olde course of the streme of Isis 
was changyd there were found dyvers straunge thyngs., and 
amonge them a crosse with an inscription. The nunnrye 
stode in the very place where now the hospitall is at 
S. Helines. 

Of auncient tyme there was no bridge to passe over 
Isis at Abbandune, but a ferie, and then was the way from 
Glocester to London not thorowgh Abbendune as it is now, 
and so to Dorchestar, but thorowg the notable towne of 
Wallingforde. Ther were dyvers mischauncis sene at this 
passage. 

Ex tabula pensili. 

Anno 4. Henrict 5, ponies de Bordforde et Culhamforde * 
prope Abbandune incepti sunt autore rege anno Dom. 1416.! 

Dyvers persones drowned at the fery afore the bridge was Cultu/iam 
made. The inhabitaunts of Abbandune askid at the Courte Hiihefery. 
remedie for a bridge and obteyned. 

[* See before, pp. i, 2.] 

[t This date is in another hand than Stow's. At this point Hearne, 
who doubtless knew Abingdon well, appends a long and quaintly in- 
teresting note giving additional particulars of the building of Culham 
bridge, together with the full text of the Latin and English verses in- 
scribed on the Uible in the hospital, cited above by Leland, which still 
existed in 1712. The reader will find this note at length in the Ap- 
pendix to this Part.] 



78 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Berkshire. Pans inchoatus die S. Albani. 

' Sa> Geffray Barbar of Abbandune gave monie chefly toward 
makynge the bridge and procurynge lands for the mayn- 
teynaunce of it. Ther wrowght that somer 300 men on the 
bridge. 

Hactenus ex tabula. 

Sum say at Abbandune that Geffray Barbar was as the 
greatest foundar of the hospitall of S. Helene. Sum say 
that one Joannes de S. Helena aboute that tyme had 2 
dowghters, and for lakke of issue of them it shoulde go to 
mayntaynaunce of the hospitall and the bridgs. The land 
devolvid to that use. 

A bridge of stone over the broke of Oche a by S. Helene's 
Hospitale. 

A goodly pyramis is the Market Place. 

There were, and yet appere, 2. camps of men of warre 
by Abbandune. 

The one is Serpenhil a quartar of a mile by este northe 
est oute of the toune in a fote way to ... Here, as it is 
sayde there comonly, was a battayle betwyxt the Danes 
and the Saxons. Parte of the trenches of the campe be yet 
scene. 

The other is caullid Barow a litle by weste oute of Ab- 
bandune toward Ferendune. Here be also the trenches yet 
apperinge. 

Sum say that thabbate of Abbandune sente a bande of 
men to one of thes camps, where by the Danes were van- 
quishid, and lands were gyven to the abbay for the victory. 

From Oxforde to Hanney a 8. mils, a 5. mils by hilly 
ground well wooddid and frutefull of corne, and other 3. 
mils by low levelle ground in sum partes marschy. 

Or ever I cam at Hanney by a mile I passid over a broke, 
and other this was Ocke Broke that goithe to Abbandune, 
risinge in the vale of White Horse, or ells it rennithe in to 
Ocke. It ran from northe west in to the southe. 

Thens a 2. myles by low wooddy ground unto Wanetinge, b 
that standithe on the right ripe of a praty broke that goithe 

a Ock r. * Wantage. 



PART X 



79 



downe to Abbandune, distante a 6. or 7. mils from Berkshire. 
Wantage. 

Ther be 2. churches in this market toune in one chirche 
yarde, but the one is but a chapelle. The Lorde Fitzguarine 
is one of the chefiste lords of the towne, and of that name 
and lyne be 2. sepulchers in the paroche churche. 

Thens a 6. myls to Chepinge Lanburne a a poore Friday 
market by hills well cornyd and some wodds; and passinge 
the better parte of the way I sawe a greate warren of conies 
longginge unto Mastar Estesex, who is lord of the towne 
by his mothar the sole dowghtar and heyre of Mastar 
Rogers, by whom he hathe bettar then 300. marks of lands 
by the yere. 

Lamburne water risithe a litle by northe above the towne, fb. 65 b. 
levinge it on the righte ripe, and goinge thens a 10. myles 
to Dunington, b and a litle lower in to Kenet ryver. 

From Lameburne on to Ramesbyry towne about a 5. Wiltshire, 
mills, firste by champayne grounde fruteful of corne, then 
by hills frutefull of woodd and corne. Kenet d towchithe the 
towne withe his lifte ripe suopinge in a low botom. There 
is a fayre and large olde churche in the towne. The Bysshope 
of Saresbyri hathe a faire old place halfe a mile upper apon 
the lifte ripe of Kenet, that a litle above the place in the 
medois makithe out an arme, and a litle benethe the place 
resortynge to the hed streme makithe the medois on the 
southe syde of the place a mediamnis or isle. 

There is a right faire and large parke hangynge apon the 
clyffe of an highe hille welle woddyd over Kenet, hard on 
the southe syde of the place. 

Litlecote the Darells chief house is a myle from 
Ramesbyri. 

From Ramesbyri to Hungerford . . . myls. 

From Ramesbyri to Saresbyri good 20. mils. 

From Ramesbyri on to Great Bedwine a 3. miles, moste 
parte thrwghe the forest of Sauernake. 

The towne is prevelegyd with a burges at the Parliament; 
yet is it but a poore thinge to syght. There liethe in the 
churche in the southe isle one Adam Stoke a famose man, 
and a nothar of that lyne by hym under a flatte stone. The 

* Lambourne. b Donington. c Ramsbury. d Kennet. 



8o LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Wiltshire. Stokes were lords of Stoke Haule ther by, the lands of 
whom descendyd on to the Lords Hungarfords; but whereas 
I harde ons that there was a castelle at Create Bedwine, 
I could there heere nothinge of it. Litle Bedwine a 
myle lower, whither cummith the streame that passinge by 
Great Bedwine levith it on the right ripe. This watar goithe 
toward Kenet. And Hungerford is a 3. mils from Create 
Bedwine. 

From Bedwine a good mile to Chauburne a village, the 
trew name whereof, as I gesse, shuld be Chaulkeburne. For 
it risithe and rennythe in chalky ground. 

The howse of the Choks was firste greatly avaunsyd by 

fo. 66 a. Choke chefe Juge of England,* that attayned lands to the 

some of 600. marks by the yere, and kept his chefe howse 

at Longe Ascheton by Bristow, havynge great furniture of 

sylvar. 

There risethe a litle above Chauburne village a broke 
that gyvethe name unto it, and levithe it on the right rype, 
and so goinge about a 2. miles lower resortithe to Bedwine 
watar, or els by it selfe goithe in to Kenet Ryver. Shau- 
burne is a 3. mils from Hungerforde. 

From Ramesbiry onto Marlebyri a 3. miles by hilly 
grounde, frewtfull of corne and wood. Abowt halfe a myle 
or I cam onto Marlebyri I passyd ovar a broke that cam 
downe northeweste from the hills, and so ran by sowthe 
est into the streme of Kenet about halfe a myle bynethe 
Marlebyri. 

The towne of Marlebyri standithe in lengthe from the 
toppe of an hille flate este to a valley lyenge flat west. 

There is a ruine of a great castell harde at the west ende 
of the towne, where of the doungeon towre partely yet 
stondithe. There lay Kynge Edward the ... at a Parlia- 
ment tyme. 

There is a chappell of S. Martyne at the este ende of the 
towne. 

There is a paroche churche of owr Lady in the mydle of 

[* Sir Richard Choke, Justice of Common Pleas, 1461.] 



a Shalbourne. 



PART X 8 1 

the towne. The body of this churche is an auncient peace Wiltshire, 
of worke. Sum fable that it was a nunerye. 

The chefe paroche churche of the towne standythe at the 
very weste end of it beynge dedicate onto Seint Peter. 

There was a priorye of white chanons caullyd S. Mar- 
garet's a letle be southe the towne over Kenet,* where now 
dwellythe one Mastar Daniell. 

Ther was a howse of Friers in the southe syde of the 
towne. 

Kenet ryver cummethe doune by the weste end of the 
towne from the northe, and so by the botom of the towne 
and vale lyenge sowthe, levinge it on the lefte rype, and so 
renethe thens by flatte este. 

Kenet risithe northe northe west at Selberi* Hille botom, 
where by hathe be camps and sepultures of men of warre, 
as at Aibyri b a myle of, and in dyvers placis of the playne. 
This Selbyri Hille is about a 5. miles from Marlbyri. 

From Marlebyri over Kenet, and so into Sauernake (the fo. 66 b. 
swete Oke) forest, and a 4. myles or more to Peusey a 
good village, and there I passed ovar Avon ryver, and so 
by playne champine ground, frutfull of grasse and corne, 
especially good whete and barley, and so by a village caullyd 
Manifordes, d by the whiche Avon rennythe; and so to 
Newton c village 2. myles and more from Peusey, where also 
Avon rennythe levynge it on his lefte rype; and thens 
2. myles of passyd by Uphavon/ a good village 2. myles 
lower. There comythe a litle broke into Avon from northe 
west at the est ende of Newton churche. The course of it 
is latly changyd to the great commoditie of the village lyinge 
lowe, and afore sore trowbled with water in wynter. 

From Newton to Hilcote an hamlet of the same paroche 
halfe a myle. 

The[n]f a 7. myles to the Vyes g by champayne ground. I The Vies. 
passyd or I cam nere the Vyes by a broke the whiche goythe 
in to Avon ryver by Uphavon vilage. 

[* Kevet MS.] [t MS. has only The.} 



ft Silbury. b Avebury or Abury. Pewsey. 

d Manningford. c North Newnton. * Upavon. 

e The Devizes. 
V. G 



82 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Wiltshire. The towne of Vies standithe on a ground sumwhat clyv- 
inge, and most occupied by clothiars. 

The beawty of it is all in one strete. 

The market is very celebrate. 

Ther is a castell on the southe west syde of the towne 
stately avauncyd apon an highe ground, defendyd partly by 
nature, and partly withe dykes the yere * where of is cast 
up a slope, and that of a greate height to defence of the 
waulle. 

This castle was made in Henry the first dayes by one 
Rogar Bysshope of Salisbyrye,f Chaunselar and Treaswrar to 
the Kynge. Suche a pece of castle worke so costly and 
strongly was nevar afore nor sence set up by any bysshope 
of England. The kepe or dungeon of it set upon an hille 
cast by hand is a peace of worke of an incredible coste. 
There appere in the gate of it 6. or 7. placis for porte 
colacis, and muche goodly buyldyng was in it. It is now in 
ruine, and parte of the front of the towres of the gate of the 
kepe and the chapell in it were caried full unprofitably onto 
the buyldynge of Mastar Bainton's place at Bromeham a 
scant 3. myles of. 

fo. 67 a. There remayne dyvers goodly towres yet in the utter walle 
of the castle, but all goynge to ruine. 

The principall gate that ledithe in to the towne is yet of 
a greate strengthe, and hathe placis for 7. or 8. porte 
colices. 

Ther is a fayre parke by the castle. 

The forest of Blakemore lyethe in a botom toward northe 
west, not far from the towne. 

I saw as I went out of the towne Bromeham Haul lyenge 
in a botom about a 3. myles of. 

Steple From the Vies to Steple Assheton a 6. myles by cham- 

Ascheton. paine, but frutefull grownde and good wood plenty in some 
places. It is a praty litle market towne, and hathe praty 
buyldinge. 

[* Id est, eare. Hearne. That is, the earth thrown up by the 
digging. L. T. S.] 

[T Roger, bishop, 1107, died 1139.] 



a Bromham. See vol. i, p. 133. 



PART X 83 

It standithe muche by clothiars. Wiltshire. 

There is in it a very fayre churche, buyldyd in the mynd 
of men now lyvynge. 

The spired steple of stone is very fayre and highe, and of 
that it is cawllyd Steple Asscheton. Robart Longe clothyar 
buyldyd the northe isle, Waltar Lucas clothiar buildyd the 
sowthe isle of theyr proper costes. The abbey of Ramesey a 
in Hamptonshire had bothe parsonage impropriate, and the 
hole lordshipe. 

Syr Thomas Semar hathe it now of the Kyngs almoste 
withe the hole hundred of Horwelle, alias Wharwelldoun, b 
with muche fayre woods. 

From Steple Asscheton to Brooke Haule a bout a 2. myle Broke Place. 
by woody ground. There was of very auncient tyme an olde 
maner place wher Brooke Hall is now, and parte of it yet 
appearithe, but the new buyldynge that is there is of the 
erectynge of the Lorde Steward unto Kynge Henry the vii. 
The wyndowes be full of rudders, peradventure it was his 
badge or token of the Amiraltye. There is a fayre parke, 
but no great large thynge. In it be a great nombar of very 
fayre and fyne greynyd okes apte to sele howses. 

Westbyri a smale market towne is a myle of, and of it the Westbyry 
hundred there berithe the name. Hundrid. 

Wermister c a principall market for corne is 4. myles from 
Brookehaull, a myle to Westbyry, and so 3. myles forthe. 

The broke that renithe by Brooke is properly caulyd fo. 67 b. 
Bisse, and risethe at a place namyd Bismouth a 2. myles Bissus flu. 
above Brooke village, an hamlet longynge to Westbyry 
paroche. Thens it cummithe onto Brooke village; and so a 
myle lower onto Brooke Haule, levinge it hard on the right 
ripe, and about a 2. miles lower it goith to ... 

Hedington" village and priorie a boute a 2. myles from 
Brooke Haul by ... 

From Brooke Haulle onto Westbyri by low ground 
havinge wood, pasture and corne a mile and halfe. It is the 
hedd towne of the hundrede to whome it givethe name. In 
it is kept ones a weeke a smale market. Ther is a large 
churche. The towne stondithe moste by clothiers. 

Romsey. b Whorwelsdown. 

Warminster. d Edington. 



8 4 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Somerset- Ther risythe 2. springs by Westbyri, one by sowthe, and 

shire. an othar as by southe west, and sone metinge togethar go 

abowte Bradley vilage a mile and halfe lower into Bisse 

Broke that rennithe by Brooke Haule, and so to Troug- 

bridge, 8 and then into Avon. 

Bradestoke or Bradeford the praty clothinge towne on 
Avon is a 2. myles of. 

From Trowghbridge onto Bathe by very hilly grownd a 
7. miles levinge the wodds and Farley parke and castle on 
the lyfte hand. And by the way I rode ovar Freshe fore b 
bridge of 2. or 3. faire new arches of stone, and this was a 
3. miles from Throughbridge, and a 2. myles beyonde that 
in the very piche of the botom of a very stepe hill I passyd 
a wylde brocket rennynge on stones. Thens a myle of in 
the way was a notable quarey, and thens a playne, and then 
by a stepe botom onto Bathe about a myle. 

From Bathe by champain to Kelston a good village in 
VVilshire a 3. milles, where Avon goithe somewhat a-lofe on 
the lifte hand in the botom. 

From Kelston to Biton village in Glocestershire a 2. 
myles. 

A litle above Bitton I passyd over a brooke that at hand 
semid to come from the northe and to go into Avon by 
southe. 

Ther was a bridge of 3. arches of stone ovar this litle 
broke. 

Thens to Hanham a bout 2. miles. 

There be dyvers villages togethar caullyd Hanhams, but 
fo. 68 a. withe a difference. At this Hanham dwellythe one Ser John 
Newton in a fayre olde mannar place of stone ca'ullyd 
Barrescourte. 

Thyngs lernyd of Ser John Newton. 

Newton's very propre name is Caradoc. d The name of 

Newton cam by this error and use, by cawse the graund- 

fathar of Ser John Newton dwellyd, or was borne, at Trene- 

with in Poise Land. 

Somerset. Gurney was lord of Stoke Hamden, and there he lyethe 



Gloucester- 
shire. 



a Trowbridge. 

d OrCradock. 



b Freshford. 



c Barr's Court. 
6 Powis-land. 



PART X 85 

buryed in a Colegiate chapell by the ruyns of his castle. Somerset- 
He was chefe foundar, as some say, of the howse of Gaunts shire, 
at Bristow. He was foundar of the priorye of nunes in 
Somersetshire caullyd Baron Gurney. He was lord of White- 
combe, and of Richemonte Castle by Mendepe, 5. miles 
from Wells. All the buyldynge of this castle is clene 
downe. It cam aftar to Hampton, and then to Caradoc, 
alias Newton. 

The forest of Kyngs Wodd cummythe just onto Barres- 
courte, Mastar Newton's howse. 

Ther were of ancient tyme 4. comptyd as chefe lords of % 

Mendepe. First the Kynge, and his parte cam to the bysshope 
of Bathe as by a fee ferme. Glastenbyre had a nothar parte. 
Bonvill Lord Bonvile, and now Graye Lord Marques of 
Dorset was the third owner. The fourthe was Gurney ; now 
Caradoc, alias Newton. 

The lengthe of Mendepe from este to weste by estima- Mendepe 
tion a 20. myls, and wher it is brodeste a 6. myles, in many Hills. 
placis lesse. 

There is apon the tope of one of Mendipe Hills a place Dolbery. 
encampyd caulyd Dolbyn, famous to the people, thus 
saynge : 

If Dolbyri dyggyd ware, 
Of golde shuld be the share. 

It is 2. mils from Banwelle. 

Gurney usyd to ly muche at Richemonte Castle. It 
stondithe in the rote of Mendype este from Bristow in the 
paroche of Este Harptre by the paroche churche of it. There 
standithe yet a pece of the dungeon of it. Syr John Newton 
dyggyd up many olde foundations of it toward buyldynge of fo. 68 b. 
a new howse hard therby caullyd Estewood. 

There is a nothar village by Est Harptre caulyd West 
Harptre Gurney; and there be the variete of armes that 
Gurney gave in the glasse wyndowes, and his cote armure. 

At suche tyme as Gurney lyvyd the Lord Fitzwarine was 
mastar of Mendepe foreste by inheritaunce, and it was well 
furnishid withe dere; but anon aftar for riots and tres- 
passys done in huntyrtge it was deforestyd, and so yet re- 
maynethe. 

Gurney's lands cam by this means onto Newton. One 



86 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- Newton a man of fayre lands inhabitynge at Wyke toward 
shire. Banwell had a yongar brothar that niaryed one of the 

dowghtars and heyres of Hampton, and wyfe afore to one 
of the Chokks that dyed without ysswe by hym. This was 
the yonggest dowghtar of the 3. that Hampton lefte; and 
yet she beinge maried onto Newton, fathar to Ser John 
Newton, fortunyd to have all the thre partes. 

The very lands of Newton of Wyke be discendyd by heires 
generals onto Ser Henry Chapell, sonn to Syr Giles that 
dwellyd at Wike, and to Mastar Grifithe of Northampton- 
shire that hathe Braybroke Castle. So that Newton of Bar- 
courte hathe no parts of Newton's lands of Wike. 

From Barrescourte onto Bristow a 3. myles by hilly and 
stony ground withe feren ovar growne in dyvers placis. 

The Site of Brightestow. 

The castle and moste parte of the towne by northe stond- 
ithe apon a grownd metely eminent betwyxt the ryvers of 
Avon and Fraw, alias Frome. 

There rysethe an hill of an notable highte a in respecte of 
the plote of the towne selfe from Frome bridge on, so goythe 
up alonge onto Seint Austin's, alias the Trinitie, the cathe- 
drall churche, and there endithe. 

Gates in the Waulls of Brightstow. 

fo. 69 a. There be in sum partes of the towne doble waulls, a token 
that the towne hathe bene augmentyd. 

Newgate (as me thinkythe) is in the utar waull by the 
castle, and a chapelle over it. It is the prison of the citie. 

S. John Gate. A churche of eche syde of it. S. John 
Churche. It is hard on the northe syd of it, and there be 
cryptae. 

S. Gils Gate be southe west of the key where Frome 
renithe. 

S. Leonard's Gate * and a paroche churche ovar it. 

S. Nicholas Gate where is a churche cum cryptis, 

[* Gats, MS.] 



Brandon Hill. 



PART X 87 

There be the inner gates of the old towne cis Sabrinam Gloucester- 
as the towne standithe in dextra ripa defluentis Avonae. shire. 

In the utter waullis. Pety Gate. From gate in the uttar 
waulls. Marsche Gate I regione Avonae. The third is 
callyd . . . 

In the waulle ultra pontem et Avonam be 2. gates: Radde- 
clif Gate and Temple Gate; and a greate towre caullyd 
[Tjower * harrys, at the very ende of the waulle in ipsa ripa 
Avonae e regione pontis ad arcem supra Frai brachiolum. 

The Castle of Brightestow. 

The ryver of Frome ran sumetyme from the were by the 
castle, where now is a stone bridge doune by the este syde 
of it; and so doithe yet a litle armelet of it brekynge out, 
and almoste the hole streme goithe by the northe syde of 
the castle, and there goithe by New Gate under an arche. 

In the castle be 2. cowrtes. In the utter courte, as in the 
northe west parte of it, is a greate dungeon tower, made, 
as it is sayde, of stone browght out of Cane in Normandye 
by the redde Erie of Glocestar. 

A praty churche and muche longging in 2. area. On the 
southe syde of it a great gate, a stone bridge, and 3. bulle- 
warks in laeva ripa ad ostium Frai. 

There be many towres yet standynge in bothe the cowrtes; 
but all tendithe to ruine. 

Paroche Churchis within the Waulls of Brightstowe 
cis Avonam. 

S. Nicholas; S. Leonard; S. Lawrence; S. John Bapt.f 
Christe Churche, alias Trinitie; S. Audoene; S. Werborow; 
Al Halowes; S. Marie Porte; S. Peters; S. Stephane infra 
secunda moenia. 

Ultra Avonam. 

S. Thomas apostolus. 

Templum. Wher as now S. Lawrence Churche it was 
sumetyme a churche, as it is sayde, S. Sepulchri, where was fo. 69 h. 
a nunry. And thereby in the same lane dwellyd the Jewes, 

[ Owtr, MS.] [t Papt. MS.] 



88 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- and theyr temple, or sinagoge, is yet sene there, and now is 
shire. a W are howse. 

Paroche Churches in the Suburbs. 

S. Philippus within cis Avonam Ford's Gate, now procul 
ab Avona. 

S. Jacobus by Brodemede Strete. 

S. Nicholas northe from Frome Gate in supercilio montis. 

S. Augustines a paroche churche on the grene by the 
cathedrale churche. 

The paroche churche of Seint Marks in the Gaunts. 

Ultra Avonam. 
Redcliffe longe pulcherrina omnium ecclesia. 

Howsys sumtyme of Religion in Bristow. 

Fanum Augustini, nunc S. Trinitatis. Inscriptio in porta: 
Rex Henricus 2. et dominus Robertus filius ffardingi, filii 
regis Dectae, hujus Monasterii primi fundatores. 
Barkeky. Ther be 3. tombes of the Barkleyes in the southe isle 
agayne the quiere. 

Fanum S. Jacobi. 

It standithe by Erode Meade by northe from the castle 
on an hilly grownd, and the ruines of it standithe hard but- 
tynge to the este ende of the paroche churche. 

Robertus consull Cownte of Glocestarshire buryed in the 
quiere in the myddle of it, in a sepulchre of gray marble set 
up apon 6. pillers of a smaull hethe.* In his tumbe was 
found a writynge in parchement concernynge the tyme of 
his deathe, and what he was. A brewer in Bristow hathe 
this writynge. 

This S. James was a celle to Tewkesberye. 

Non longe a dextra ripa Frai. 

S. Magdalene's a howse of nunes, suppressyd, on the 
northe syde of the towne. This howse was suppressyd of 
late tymes, when suche as were under 300. marks of rent 

[* I.e., "height."] 



PART X 



89 



by the yere were putte downe. Mastar Wiks dwellythe in Gloucester- 
this howse. shire. 

The Gaunts. 

One Henry Gawnt a knight sometyme dwellynge not far Gaunte. 
from Brandon Hill by Brightstow erectyd a college of pristes 
withe a mastar on the grene by Seint Augustines. And sone 
aftar he chaungyd the first foundation into a certeyne kynde fb. 70 a. 
of religion, and was governowr of the howse hymselfe, and 
lyethe buried in the vesturye undar a flate stone. This had 
at the desolucion of the howse 300. marks of land by the 
yere. This Henry had a brothar cawlyd Ser Mawryce 
Gawnte. He was foundar of the Blake Friers in Brightftow.* 

Hospi tales in ru.-f 

Fanum Barptholomaei. 

Fanum 3. regumjuxta Barptolomeanes extra Fromegate. 

Aliud non procul in dextra ripa Frai qua itur ad fanum 
Jacobi in Lionsmede Strete.* 

One in Temple Strete. 

An othar withe out Temple Gate. 

An othar by Seint Thomas Strete. 

S. John's by Radeclife. 

An hospitall S. Trinitatis hard within Lafford's Gate. 

The Tukkers Hospitall in Temple. 

The Wevers Hospitall in Temple Strete. 

Ther was an hospitall of olde tyme where of late a nunrye 
was caullyd S. Margarets. 

The Grey Friers howse was on the right ripe of From 
watar not far from Seint Barptolomes Hospitall. 

The Blacke Friers stode a litle highar then the Gray on Gaunte. 
From in the right ripe of it. Ser Maurice Gaunt, elder 
brothar to Ser Henry Gaunt, fouhdar of the Gaunts, was 
foundar of this. 

The White Friers stode on the right rype of Frome agayn 
the key. 

[* See vol. iv, p. 130; and Ricart's Kalendar, Camd. Soc., p. 56.] 
[t So without a point in the MS. Perhaps it should read ruin. 
Hearne.'] 

* Lewin's mead. 



90 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- The Augustine Friers howse was harde by the Temple 
shire. Gate withein it northe weste. 

Chapels in and aboute Brightstow cis Avon. 

The Bake Chapell by cawse it stoode by the Bake a by 
Avon. It longethe onto Seint Nicholas. 

S. Georgis Chapell joyning to the towne howse. 

A chapell ovar the new gate. 

Owr Lady Chappell on Avon Bridge. 

S. Sprites Chapell in Radclef churche yard; this ons a 
paroche afore the buyldinge of Radclyfe grete new churche. 

S. Brandon's Chapell, now defacyd, on Brandon Hill a 
qwartar of a myle by west the Gaunts. 

fo. 70 b. Bedemister b a mile out of the towne by est southe este is 
now mother churche to Radeclife, to S. Thomas within the 
towne, and Leighe without the towne. 

Bridges in Bristow. 

The greate bridge of 4. stone arches ovar Avon. 

Were Bridge on From hard by the northe est parte of the 
Castle of Bristowe. 

There brekythe an arme out of Frome a but shot above 
Were Bridge, and renithe thrwghe a stone bridge of one 
great arche, and there by at New Gate the othar parte of 
From reninge from Were Bridge cummithe undar a nothar 
stone, and serving the mille hard without New Gate metithe 
with the othar arme. 

The Haven of Brightstow. 

The Haven by Avon flowithe about a 2. miles above 
Brightstowe Bridge. 

Seint Anns ferye is a bout a myle and halfe above the 
towne of Brightstowe. 

Keinesham a 5. miles beyond Bristow in ripa sinistra 
Avonae. 

The shipps of olde tyme cam only up by Avon to a place 
caullyd the Bak, a where was and is depthe enowghe of watar; 
but the botom is very stony and rughe sens by polecye they 

a The Back, a riverside street. b Bedminster. 



PART X 91 

trenchid somwhat a-lofe by northe west of the old key on Gloucester- 
Avon anno 1247. and in continuance bringynge the cowrse shire - 
of From ryver that way hathe made softe and whosy har- 
borow for grete shipps. 

Hunge Rode aboute a 3. miles lower in the haven then 
Brightstow. At this rode be some howsys in dextra Avon 
ripa. 

About a myle lowere is Kyng's Rode, and there be also 
some howses in dextra ripa Avonae. 

Ther is a place almoste agayne Hung Rode caulyd Port- Barkeley. 
chestar, where Hardynge and Robert his sunne had a fayre 
howse, and a nothar in Brightstow towne. 

Sum thinke that a great pece of the depenes of the haven 
from S. Vincents to Hung Rode hathe be made by hand. 
Sum say that shipps of very auncient tyme cam up to S. 
Stephanes Churche in Brightstow. 

A Remembraunce of memorable Acts done in Brightstow, fo. 71 a. 
out of a litle Boke of the Antiquities of the Howse of 
Calendaries in Brightstow.* 

The antiquites of the Calendaries were for the moste parte 
brent by chaunce. 

The Calendaries, otharwyse cawlyd the Gilde, or Frater- 
nite of the Clergie and Comonaltye of Brightstow, and it 
was firste kepte in the Churche of the Trinitie, sene at Al 
Halows. 

The originall of this fraternitie is out of mynd. 

Ailarde Mean and Bitrick his sunne Lords of Brightestow 
afore the Conqueste. 

Haymon Erie of Glocestar aftar the Conquest and Lorde 
of Brightstow. 

Robertus consul, sunne to Hamon, was Erie of Glocestar, 
and Lorde of Brightstow, and foundar of the monasterye of 
Tewkesbyry. 

[* Though many of the notes on this page and the next were taken 
by Leland from "The Maire of Bristowe is Kalendar " by R. Ricart 
(circa 1480), and one passage is quoted in full, I do not feel sure that 
the " litle boke " was Ricart's book itself. Leland must have seen other 
records of Bristol, especially of a semi-religious house. Regarding the 
Gild of Kalendars see Ricart's Kalendar (Camd. Soc., 1872), pp. v-vii, 
73, and Toulmin Smith's "English Gilds," p. 287. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gloucester- 
shire. 



Calendars in 
Bristow. 



fo. 71 b. 



Robertus consull lorde of Brightstow Castle, and foundar 
of S. James Priorie in the northe suburbe of Brightstow. 

Kynge Stephan toke the towne of Brightstow by force 
from Robert consull. 

In the tyme of Kynge Henry the 2. Robert Erie of Glo- 
cestar (bastard sunne to Henry the First) and Robert Hard- 
inge translatyd the Fraternitie of the Calendaries from the 
Trinitie onto the Churche of Al- Hallows. At this tyme were 
scholes ordeyned in Brightstow by them for the conversion 
of the Jewes, and put in the ordre of the Calenderis and 
the Maior. 

Hardinge foundyd the monasterye of S. Augustine at 
Brightstow, and to it was appropriate the churche of Al- 
Hallows. 

Gwalo Cardinale, a Romaine Legate, after the coranation 
of Henry the third at Glocester cam to Brightstow, and kept 
a synode there tempore Henrici Blesensis episcopi Wigorn. 

William Erie of Glocestar, founder of the monasterye of 
Cainesham, gave the praefecture and mastarshipe of the 
schole in Brightstow to Cainesham, and tooke it from the 
Calenderies. 

Conducts in Bristow cis pontem. 

S. John's hard by S. John's Gate. 
The Key Pipe, with a very fair castellet. 
Al-Halow Pipe hard by the Calendaries without a castelle. 
S. Nicolas Pipe withe a castellet. 

Ultra pontem. 

Redclif Pipe with a castlet hard by Redclife Churche 
withe out the gate. 

An othar pipe withe owte Radclif Gate havinge no 
castelle. 

Another by Porte Waulle withoute the waulle. 

Porte Waulle is the fairest parte of the towne waulle. 

The sayinge is that * certein bochers made a fair peace 
of this waull; and it is the highest and strongest peace of 
all the towne waulls. 



[* MS. has the.'} 



PART X 93 

" The yere of owr Lorde 1247. was the trenche made and Gloucester- 
cast of the ryver from the Gybbe Taylor to the Key, by the shire. 
Comonlty as well of Redclyffe syde, as of the towne of Bris- 
toll; and the same tyme thinhabitants of Redclyffe were 
combined and incorperatyd to the forsayde towne. And as 
for the grounde of Saynt Augustins syde of the rivar it was 
geven and grauntyd to the comonalty of the sayde towne 
by Ser William Bradstone then beinge abbot of the same 
monastiry for certeyne money therfore payed to hym by the 
comonaltye, as it apperithe by writynge therof made be- 
twinge the mayor and comonalty, and the abbot and his 
bretherne." * 

This yere came the frere prechers first into England. 1221. 

This yere on Saynt Bercheusf Day the Frere Mynors 1225. 
came first into the realme. Also a man of Adderlay fayned 
hymselfe Christ, whiche was brought to Oxford, and ther 
crucified. 

This yere beganne firste the Order of the Augustine Friers 
in England. 

The Jewe at Tewxbery. 

This yere they made new statuts in this towne, and they 1309. 
called the senesters J bayliffes of the Kings, and they pur- 
chased new ground to the towne, and had new prevylegis 
gyven them of Kinge Edward. 

The almese howse without Temple Yate is called Rogers 
Magdalens of Nonney whiche was founder of it. And the 
almese howse by Seynt Thomas Churche is called Burton's 
Almes Howse. Burton maior of the towne and founder is 
buried in it. 

Another hospitall hard by the greye fryers : 

And in Temple Streate. 

One Shepward a marchaunt of Bristow made the right 
highe and costly towre of S. Stephenes in Brightstow. 

From Brightstowe to Stoke levinge it on the lifte hand a fo. 72 a. 
3. mils or more by grownd wooddy and forest, as of Kinges- 

[* Quoted from Ricart's Kalendar, p. 28, with a slight change in the 
last few words.] 

[t A short form of Bartholomew's is meant.] 

[ In 1311, the two "brother" officers of the Mayor of Bristol, 
hitherto called " senecalli," or stewards, were styled " ballivi." Ricart's 
Kalendar, p. 33.] 



94 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- wod. There is a manor place of the Barkeleys in ruine, and 
shire. a parke waulle.* Barkeley of the courte is now owner of it. 

From thens by muche forest and parteley bareinge grownd 
a 2. mils to Magngots a Filde village be lyke ground. Here 
I saw an olde maner place sumtyme longginge to the Blunts. 
Syns Husey had it be bying for his sune the heire generale. 
Then it came to the Barkeleys, by purchace or exchaunge. 

A mile farther by very champaine, frutefull of corne and 
grasse, but somewhat scarce of woode, to Coderington, lev- 
ingef it by halfe a mile on the lyfte hand. There dwellyd a 
late at Coderington a gentleman of that name. 

From Coderington to Derham b a mile and halfe of, where 
Mastar Dionise dwellithe, havinge a faire howse of achelei J 
stones and a parke. 

Thens a 2. mils and a halfe to Dodington, where Mastar 
Wykes dwellythe and hathe welle restorid his howse withe 
fayre buildings. This maner place and land longyd onto 
Barkels. It was purchasyd, and now remaynithe to Wiks. 

Mastar Walche dwellithe at Litle Sobbyrye a ... mils 
from Dodington. Thereby is a faire and large campe with 
a doble dyke. 

It apperithe by record in Malmesbyri that Malmesbyry 
was rewardyd for service done in battayle afore the conquest 
at Sodbyry hill. 

An othar campe at Horton by lesse. 

The third by Derham Mastar Dionise house, and all 
towchinge on one hilly creaste. 

The 4. at Beketbyri a mile and halfe frome Alderley. 

Walche is lord of Litle Sodbyri, and hathe a fayr place 
there in the syde of Sodbyry highe hill and a parke. 

Olde Sodbyri is a mile from it, and there appere ruines of 
an olde maner place longynge as the towne dyd to the Erie 
of Warwike, now to the Kynge. To the Erles of Warwike 
longgid|| alias Chepinge Sodbyry, apraty litle market towne 

t* Taulle, MS.] [t Beinge, MS.] 

[ I.e. , acheler or ashlar stones.] 
[ No blank left, but evidently intended.] 

[|| MS. has loggid. There was evidently a blank here in Leland's 
original for a name.] 



a Mangot's-field. b Dyrham. 



PART X 95 

and thrwghe fayre to Brightstow. There is a parke of the Gloucester- 
Kyngs by this towne, sumtyme the Warwiks. Litle wood in shire, 
full light nigh the sowthe partes of the campaine soile aboute fo> 7 2 b - 
Sodbyry. Ther is great plentye by Southe Sodbyri of wood 
in a large valey sumtyme thens clerely to Severn, lyinge in 
the forest of Kyngs-Wood. The crests of the hilles that ly 
by Sobbyri crokith one way to Glocester. 

From Chepinge Sobbyry onto Aldersley a clothing village, 
where Mastar John Poynts dwellith, beying lord of it. The 
Chanseys were sumtyme lords of it, as in Edward the third 
dayes. 

Kingeswodd stondithe low a good myle from Aldersley. 

The ground betwixt enclosyd and metely welle woddyd. 
Some clothyars in it, els a litle and a bare village. 

Stones clerly fascioned lyke cokills, and myghty shells of Shell fishe 
great oysters turned in to stones founde in parte of the hills turned t int 
este southe est off of Alderley. 

The Course of Acton River. 

This brooke of sum is caullid Loden, a but communely 
Laden, and risith above Dodington, where Mastar Wiks 
howse is, and so to Acton b Mastar Poyntez house a 4. 
myles of, and then toward Brightstow takynge the name of 
Frome. 

There meate 2. waters halfe a myle by nethe Acton at a 
mylle. 

Sobbyri water cummithe from the hills therby 6 re f 

The water by Alderley is in evidence caullyd Avon, and 
goithe to Barkeley. 

From Kyngs Woode to Wotton* 1 a praty market towne, 
welle ocupyed withe clothiars havynge one faire longe strete 
and welle buyldyd in it : and it stondithe clyvinge toward the 
rotes of an hill. 

There be ruines of an olde maner place at Wotton by the 

[* The note written in another hand.] 

[t This sentence was probably unfinished in Leland's original.] 



a Laden r., lower down the Frome. b Iron Acton. 

c Little Avon r. d Wotton-under-Edge. 



9 6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gloucester- paroche churche. It longgyd ons to the Berkeleys, and 
shire. aftar onto the Lords Lisles. Syns forceable recoveryd of 

the Lord Berkeley ther by sleinge the Lorde Lisle. 

Thens a 2. myles and more by very hilly and woddy 
ground to Doursley, a where is a praty clothinge towne stond- 
inge on a pece of the clyvinge of a hill, privilegid a 9. yers 
fo. 73 a. sens with a market. There is in the towne selfe a goodly 
springe, and is as the principall hedd of the broke servynge 
the tukkyng miles about the towne. This watar resortythe 
into Severne that is a boute a 4. myles of towchinge by the 
way sume other vilagis. This towne had a castle in it sum- 
tyme longinge to the Berkeleys, syns to the Wiks, sens fell 
to decay, and is cleane taken downe. It had a metly good 
dyche about it, and was for the moste parte made of towfe 
stone full of pores and holes lyke a pumice. There is a quary 
of this stone about Dursley. Yt will last very longe. 

From Doursley to Torteworthe b vyllage, wher be some 
good clothiars. There rennithe a broke. I take it to be the 
brooke that cummythe from Dursley, and that thens it 
goithe to Berkley a 3. miles lower. There is by the paroche 
churche of Tortworth a maner place, where Mastar Throg- 
merton dwellythe. 

From Torteworthe to Wike Water a pratye clothinge 
tounlet 2. myles. The Lorde Delaware is chefe lorde of it. 

Thens moste by champaine ground a 4. myles on 
to Sodbery market d that longyd withe the village and the 
maner place of Olde Sodbyrye onto the Erles of Warwike. 

From Sodbery to Tormerton 6 village where Ser Edward 
Wadeham dwellythe. 

Thens about a 4. myles by playne grownde onto Masche- 
feld. f This lordshipe longyd to the canons of Cainesham. 

Thens a 4. myles farthar I passyd by hilly grownde, and 
went ovar a stone bridge, under the whiche ran a broke* 
that a litle lower went in sight into Avon ryver by the right 
ripe of it. 

Wiltshire. Thens by hilly, stony and wooddy ground a 3. miles onto 
Bradeford h on the right ripe of Avon. 



a Dursley. 

d Chipping Sodbury. 
8 Box brook. 



b Tortworth. 
6 Tormarton. 



Bradford^on-Avon 



c Wick war 
f Marshfield 



PART X 97 

Thens on to Throughbridge 8 a market towne 2. miles.* Wiltshire. 

Thens on to Broke by woody grownde 2. myles. 

From Brooke onto Frome Celwod b in Somersetshire a 4. Somerset- 
miles, muche by woody ground and pasture on tyll I cam shir e- 
within a myle of it where is champaine. From. 

The towne hathe a metly good market, and is set on the 
clefe of a stony hille. 

There is a goodly large paroche churche in it, and a ryght 
fayre springe in the churche yarde that by pipes and trenches fo. 73 b. 
is conveyde to dyvers partes of the towne. 

There be dyvers fayre stone howsys in the towne that 
standythe moste by clothinge. 

In the botom of the towne rennithe From ryver levinge 
the towne on the lyfte rype, and there is a stone bridge of 
fyve arches, and a myle by it where by cummythe an arme- 
let thorowghe a bridge of 2. arches. Ther cummithe one 
arme downe from Mayden Bradley v. myles of, and an othar 
from Hindon, and mete aboute a myle above the towne of 
From. 

Bruerne c 8. myles from Frome. 

From Frome onto Nunney Delamare d a good village a 2. 
myles, al by champayne grounde frutefull of corne. 

Ther is a praty castle at the weste end of the paroche 
churche, havynge at eche end by northe and southe 2. 
praty rownd towres gatheryd by compace to joyne in to one. 

The waulls be very stronge and thykke, the stayres na- 
row, the lodginge with in some what darke. It standithe on 
the lefte ripe of the ryver, devidithe it from the churche 
yarde. The castell is motyd about, and this mote is servid 
by watar conveyed into it owte of the ryver. There is a 
stronge waulle withe owt the mote rounde about, savinge 
at the est parte of the castell where it is defendyd by the 
brooke. 

Delamare and his wyfe, makers of the castle, ly buryed in 
the northe syde of the paroche churche at Nunney. 

[* For Leland's first visit to Trowbridge and the neighbourhood, see 
vol. i, pp. 136, 137.] 



* Trowbridge. b Frome. c ? Brewham or Bruton. 

d Nunney. 
V. H 



Somerset- 
shire. 



fo. 74 a. 



Gloucester- 
shire. 



98 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Nunney broke cummythe downe, as I markyd, from 
southe southe weste, and a 3. miles lower it goithe into 
Frome ryver. This castell longed to Delamare, syns to 
Powllet Lord S. John. 

I rode bake from Nunneye to Frome market. 

Thens a bout a 2. myles of I cam to a botome, where an 
othar broke* ran in to Frome. And in this botome dwell cer- 
tayne good clothiars havynge fayre howsys and tukkynge 
myles. 

Thens a 2. good myles onto Philipps Northetoune, b where 
is a meane market kepte in a smaull towne, moste mayn- 
teynyd by clothing. 

From Northeton to Ferley Castle a 2. myles. 

Thens to Bradeforde 2. mils. The lordeshipe was gyven 
with the personage by Kynge ^Ethelred onto the nunry of 
Shaftesbyry for a recompence of the mortherynge of S. Ed- 
ward his brothar. One De la Sale, alias Hawle, a auncient 
gentilman syns the tyme of Edwarde the firste, dwellithe at 
the . . . ende of Bradeforde. 

From Bradeforde to Bathe a 5. myles. 

A 2. myles and more by the right ripe of Avon, and 
woody and hilly grownde, I passyd firste ovar by Fresche- 
forde bridge of stone on Frome. 

And a myle and more beyond that at a new stone bridge 
I passyd ovar a litle broke that aftar a litle lower goythe in 
to Avon ^>er sinistram ripam.* 

A mile a this syde Bathe by southe est I saw 2. parks en- 

closyd withe a ruinus stone waulle, now withe out dere. 

One longyd to the bysshope, an othar to the prior of Bathe. 

From Bathe to Tormerton 8. mils all moste all by cham- 

pain ground. 

Tormerton was the De la Rivers lands, sins it descendid 

to S. Loes. Olde Wadeham hath it by mariage of one of the 

ladyes S. Clo for his lyfe tyme, the whiche was the last De la 

Rivers doughtar. 

There lyeth buryed in the body of the paroche churche of 

[* See similar remarks on Freshford and the brook before, p. 84.] 



Wheel brook. 



b Norton St. Philip. 



c Farleigh. 



PART X 



99 



Thormerton one Petrine De la Ryvers with a Frenche epi- Gloucester- 
taphie. He was owner of the lordshype of Tormerton. shire. 

From Thormerton to Sudbyry 2. myles. 

Frome thens to Acton 3. myles by woddy grounde. 

Dereham village is a 2. mils from Tormerton. There is a 
fayre maner place longginge to Mastar Dionyse. The lorde- 
shipe of auncient tyme longyd to the Russels. One John 
Russell and Elizabethe his wyfe lyethe there buryed in the 
paroche churche; but they had but a meane howse there. 
From them it cam by heyre generall onto the Dionisies, of 
whom one Gilbert Dionise was countyd as one of first that 
there possessyd. Then cam Maurice, and he there buildyd fo. 74 h. 
a new courte. And Ser Guliam Dionise buildyd a nother 
courte of late yeres. 

The Dionysies hathe here a fayre parke, and also a fayre 
lordshipe and a praty howse a 2. myles from Dereham at 
Siseton," and a nothar maner and place cawlyd Aluestone b a 
2. myles from Thornebyry. 

Alverstone at the deforestinge of the old foreste of Kynges- 
wood was the kyngs. 

From Tormerton onto Acton 5. myles, 2. myles by cham- 
paine, and 3. by enclosyd ground. 

Acton mannor place standithe about a quartar of a myle 
from the village and paroche churche in a playne grounde 
on a redde sandy soyle. Ther is a goodly howse and 2. 
parks by the howse, one of redd dere, an othar of fallow. 

The Erles of Heriford were once lords of Acton lord- 
shipe. 

From Acton to Thome a 3. myles or more by enclosyd 
ground and well wooddyd. 

The towne selfe of Thornebyry is set almoste apon an Thornebery. 
eqwalle grounde, beinge large to the proporcion of the letter 
Y, havinge first one longe strete and two homes goynge 
owt of it. The lengthe of the strete lyethe almoste from 
northe to sowthe. The right home of it lyethe towards the 
weste, the othar towarde the southe. There is a market 
kepte wekely in the towne. And there is a mayre and 
privileges. 

The paroche churche is in the northe end of the towne, a 



a Siston. 



b Alveston. 



Iron Acton. 



ioo LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Gloucester- fayre pece of worke. Whereof the hole savinge the chaun- 
shire. SQ \\ hathe be buildyd in hominum memorta. 

There hathe bene good clothing in Thornebyry, but now 
idelnes muche reynithe there. 

There was of aunciente tyme a maner place, but of no 
great estimacion, hard by the northe syde of the paroche 
churche. 

Edward late Duke of Bukkyngeham likynge the soyle 
aboute, and the site of the howse, pullyd downe a greate 
fo. 75 a. parte of the olde howse, and sette up magnificently in good 
squared stone the southe syde of it, and accomplishyd the 
west parte also withe a right comely gate-howse to the 
first soyle; and so it stondithe yet withe a rofe forced for a 
tyme. 

This inscription on the fronte of the gate-howse: This 
gate was begon in the yere of owr Lorde God 1511. the 2. 
yere of the reigne of Kynge Henry the viii. by me Edward 
Duke of Bukkyngham, Erie of Hereford, Staforde and 
Northampton. 

The Dukes worde: Dorenesavant,* 

The foundation of a very spacious base courte was there 
begon, and certeyne gates, and towres in it castelle lyke. 
It is of a iiii. or v. yardes highe, and so remaynithe a token 
of a noble peace of worke purposid. 

There was a galery of tymbre in the bake syde of the 
house joyning to the northe syde of the paroche churche. 

Edward Duke of Bukkyngham made a fayre parke hard 
by the castle, and tooke muche faire grownd in it very 
frutefull of corne, now fayr launds, for coursynge. The in- 
habytaunts cursyd the duke for thes lands so inclosyd. 

There cummithe an armelet of Severne ebbynge and 
flowyng into this parke. Duke Edward had thowght to have 
trenchyd there, and to have browght it up to the castle. 

There was a parke by the maner of Thornebyry afore, and 
yet is caullyd Morlewodde. a 

There was also afore Duke Edward's tyme a parke at 

[* I.e., " From henceforth," or Forward !] 



a Marlewood. 



PART X ioi 

Estewood a myle or more of: but Duke Edward at 2. tymes Gloucester- 
enlargyd it to the compace of 6. myles, not without many shire, 
curses of the poore tenaunts. 

The Severne Se lyethe a myle and more from Thorne- 
byrie, the marches lyenge betwene. 

From Thornebyry to Brightstow a 10. myles. 

From Thornebyry to Glocester 18. myles. Sume caull 
it 20. 

From Thornebyry to Berkeley a market towne, havynge Berkeley. 
a maior and privelegis, a 4. myles. A myle or more or I 
came by the towne I lefte the new parke withe a fayre loge 
on the hill in it longinge on to Berkeley on the lifte hand. 
And by a flyte shote or ever I cam on to the very towne, fo. 75 b. 
standynge on a clive, I passyd over a bridge, and there ran 
Torteworthe ryver downe on the lifte hond to Severne 
marches. And at the very enteringe of the towne I passyd 
over a nothar bridge where ran a broke commynge from the 
springs of dyvers hills not far of; and this broke in the salte 
meades a litle benethe the towne meatithe the othar broke 
of Torteworthe Watar, and goo bothe withe in a myle, or 
there aboute, by the salte marsche and New Porte havenet 
in to Severne. 

The towne of Berkeley is no great thynge, but it stand- 
ythe well, and in a very good soyle. It hathe very muche 
occupied, and yet some what dothe, clothinge. 

The churche stondithe as on an hille at the southe ende 
of the towne. 

And the castle stondithe at the southe west end of the 
churche. It is no great thinge. Dyvers towres be in the 
compase of it. The warde of the first gate is metely stronge, 
and a bridge ovar a dyche to it. There is a sqware dongeon 
towre in the castle, sed non stat in mole egestae terrac. 

Ther be dyvers lordships there about longynge to Berkley 
to the some of 1000. marks by the yere, whereof Swynborne 
is one of the best. There longe to Berkeley 4. parks and 
2. chaces. 

Okeley Parke hard by. 

Whitwike. 

New Parke. 

Hawlle Parke. 

Miche Wood Chace. Mickaelswood 

Chaee. 



IO2 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gloucester- From Berkley to Acton muche by woody ground a 7. 
shire. miles. 

Thens to Cheping Sodbyri, and a myle from thens to 
LitleSudbury. Lytle Sodbyri. 

The doble dichyd campe there by on the hill conteynithe 
a 2. acres. Kynge Edward the Fowrthe's men kepte this 
campe here goinge to Twekesbyry Filde. Old Sodbyri and 
Chepinge Sodbyry were the Erles of Glocester's lands, and 
syns Bewchamps Erles of Warwyke. Gilbert de Clare 
pocessyd them, 
fo. 76 a. The maner place stode harde by the west end of the 

churche, now clene downe. 

Puklechurche. From Litle Sodbyri onto Pulklechurche in Glosestarshire 
a 4. myles; one and a halfe by enclosyd ground, the resydwe 
by champaine, but frutefull. Here is a parke and a goodly 
lordshipe longynge unto the Bysshope of Bathe. 



Leland, vol. 
viii, p. I. 



Somerset- 
shire. 



Edmonde* the Elder King of England was slayn at 
Pulclechirch, and byried at Glasteinbyri. 

Savaricus Bisshop of Bathe, and Abbate of Glasteinbyri, 
alienatid Pucklechirch from Glesteinbyri to Bathe. 

The personage of Pucklechirch impropriate to the cathe- 
drale chirche of Welles. 

From Pucklechirch to Cainesharn, a sumtyme a good, now 
a poore, market town, and ruinus, in Somersetshir. 

There be 2. bridges of stone at Kainesham, wherof one 
of 6. greate arches, now al yn ruine, standith holely in 
Glocestreshir. The other hard therby stondith with 3. great 

[* From "Edmonde the Elder" to "[scant a myle]," p. 108, the 
text is printed from six leaves of Leland's own writing, the only portion 
of the original of this Part that remains, numbered as pp. 1-12 in vol. 
viii of his MS. They were placed there by Burton, who seems to have 
rescued them from decay, but did not know they belonged to a Part 
(see Introduction, p. xxviii). They come in Stow's copy, vol. iii, fos. 
76a-7gb (old nos.), and in Burton (a), pp. 55, 56. Stow omits the two 
paragraphs, "Savaricus bishop" to "chirche of Welles." At the top 
of the left-hand margin of fo. I Burton wrote, "This is written with 
John Leyland the antiquary his owne hand, who dyd 18 April 1552, 
6 E. 6."] 



14 Keynsham. 



PART X 



103 



arches of stone over Avon ryver that ther partith Glocester- Somerset- 
shire and Somersetshir. shire. 

There is a park of the Kinges waullid with stone hard 
withoute Kainesham in Somersetshire. 

Stones figurid like serpentes wounde into circles found in 
the quarreis of stone about Cainsham. 

From Cainesham to Pensforde a 3. miles, part by cham- Pensford. 
payn, part by enclosure. 

It is a praty market townlet occupied with clothing. 

Browne of London yn Limestrete is owner of it. It longid P. 2. 
afore onto . . . 

The towne stondith much by clothinge. 

There cummith downe a streame that servith dyvers 
tukking milles. 

From Pensforde to Southetoun a village. Here hath Syr 
John Saincte Lo an olde maner place, 2. long miles by hilly 
and enclosid grounde, meately wel woddid. 

Syr John Saincte Lo descendit of a younger brother of 
the Lordes Saincte Lo, and hath litle of his landes. For the 
laste Lorde Saincte Lo lakking heyres male, the landes de- 
scendid by heyres generate onto the Lorde Hungreforde, 
and the Lorde Botreaux. 

A good peace of Syr John Saincte Lo landes cummith to 
hym by De la Rivers doughter and heyre, his father's wife or 
mother. 

There is a faire maner place like a castelle building at 
Newtoun Sainct Lo, b 2. miles from Bath by Avon, sumtyme 
one of the chief houses of the Lordes Sainct Lo. The Lorde 
Hastinges Erie of Huntingdon hath it now. 

From Southetoune onto Chute c a mile dim. by fayre P. 3. 
enclosid ground. It is a praty clothing towne, and hath a 
faire chirch. 

And at the southe side of the chirch is a faire manor 
place of the Bisshop of Bathe. 

There be dyvers paroche chirches there aboute that ons a 
yere do homage onto Chute theyr mother chyrche. 

There hath beene good makyng of cloth yn the towne. 

Syr John Saincte Lo graundfader lyyth in a goodly tumbe 
of marble on the northe syde of the chyrch. 



a Sutton. 



b Newton St. Lo. 



c Chew Magna. 






104 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Somerset- Hubley a is a 3. miles by southe from Southetoun. There 

shire. j s an Q^ me ane maner place. The gate house of it is 

castelle like. There is a parke by it. It longgid to the 

Lorde Chedder, whos greate landes descendid by heyres 

generales onto the Lorde Lisle, Dawbeney, and Newton. 

From Southetoun onto Wike b 8. long miles. 

There is a large maner place, wherof most parte was 
buildyd by Newton chief Juge of Englande. This lordship 
was the Lorde Chedders, and then Newton's, whos ii. 
P. 4. doughters were maried the one onto Griffith of Braybroke, 
the other onto Syr Giles Capel, and so dooth Hubley and 
Wike and dyverse other lordeshippes remayne in partition 
onto them. 

Banwelle is a 2. or 3. miles from Wike, and there hath 
the Bisshop of Bathe a goodly lordship. 

There was at Banwelle in the tyme of Alfride King of the 
Westsaxons a notable monasterie of ... 

Banwelle standith not very holsomly, and Wike worse. 
The fennes be almost at hande. Woode meately good aboute 
them. 

Kenne village is aboute a mile from Wike. There dwellith 
Mr. Kenne, a man of a 200. markes of lande by the yere. 

Wrekeshale 1 is a 3. miles from Wike towarde Brighte- 
stow. Here hath Syr Wylliam Gorge a meane old maner 
place in a valley, and on eche side of it on the hilles is a 
fayre parke. 

Barow Gurney a 2. miles from it nerer Brightstow, that is 
P. 5. 4. miles distante of Barow. Here was of late a nunnery, now 
made a fair dwelling place by Drue of Brightestow. 

Southetowne is 7. miles from Brightstow. 

From Southetowne onto Estewoode 3. miles by hilly 
grounde. It is yn the rootes of Mendepe Hilles. There was 
a goodly castelle at this Estwoode caullyd Richemonte,* 
wher noble Gurney lay much. Yt is now defacid to the 
hard ground, and Syr John Newton now lorde of it hath 
made his house harde by it of the ruines thereof yn the 

[* See before, p. 85.] 



Ubley. h ? Wick St. Lawrence. c Wraxall. 



PART X 105 

very place wher the graunge of Richemont Castelle was yn Somerset- 
Gurneys tyme. shire. 

From Estewoode onto Welles v. miles. 

From Southetoun onto Midsomer Northtoun by sumwhat 
hilly and enclosid ground a 5. miles. 

I passid over a praty broke a 2. miles or I cam onto 
Northeton. It ran downe on the lifte hand as I rode. 

From Midsomer Northeton to Philippes Northton a v. 
miles. 

From Midsomer Norton onto Melles a by chaumpayne 
grounde 5. miles. 

Melles stondith sumwhat clyving, and hath bene a praty 
townelet of clothing. [It] longgid onto Glessenbyri. 

Selwood Abbate of Glessenbyri seing the welthines there P. 6. 
of the people had thought to have reedified the townelet 
with mene houses of square stones to the figure of an Antonie 
Crosse ; wherof yn deade he made but one streatelet. 

The chirch is faire and buildid yn tyme of mynde ex lapide 
quadrato by the hole paroche. 

One Garlande a draper of London gave frely to the build- 
ing of the vestiarie, a fine and curiose pece of worke. 

One ... a gentilman dwelling there yn the paroche 
made a fair chapelle in the north side of the chirch. There 
is a praty maner place of stone harde at the west ende of 
the chirche. This be likelihod was partely buildid by Abbate 
Selwodde of Glasteinbyri. Syns it servid the fermer of the 
lordeship. Now Mr. Horner hath boute the lordship of the 
king. There cummith a broke from the cole-pittes in Men- 
depe, and strikith by south in the botom of Melles, and thens 
rennith into Frome ryver, and so to Frome Selwood a market p. 7. 
towne, that is 3. miles from Melles. 

The foreste of Selwood ys in one parte a 3. miles from 
Melles. In this forest is a chapelle, and theryn be buryed 
the bones of S. Algar, of late tymes superstitiusly soute of the 
folisch commune people. 

The foreste of Selwood as it is nowe is a 30. miles yn 
cumpace, and streachith one way almoste onto Werminstre, 
and a nother way onto the quarters of Shaftesbyri by estima- 
tion a 10. miles. 

Mells. 



io6 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Somerset- 
shire. 



Wiltshire. 
P. 8. 



P. 9. 



From Melles onto Nunney Delamere a 2. miles partely by 
hilly and enclosid grounde. 

Thens aboute a mile by like soyle onto Tut ... a longe 
village, wher the paroche chirche is onto Nunney Delamere. 

Thens half a mile farther, and so into the mayne foreste 
of Selwood. And so passing half a mile farther I lefte on the 
righte hand Witham [the late Pri]orie of Cartusians not in 
[the foreste, but] yoining harde on the [egge of it. 

Thens] partely by [forest grounde and partlye by cham- 
paine a 4. myles onto Stourton.] 

The village of Stourtoun stondith yn the botom of an hille 
in laeva ripa Sturi. 

The Lorde Stourton's place stondith on a meane hille, 
the soyle therof beyng stony. This maner place hathe 2. 
courtes; the fronte of the ynner courte is magnificent, and 
high embatelid castelle lyke. 

There is a parke emonge hilles yoining on the maner place. 

The ryver of Stoure risith ther of 6. fountaines or springes, 
wherof 3. be on the northe side of the parke harde withyn 
the pale. The other 3. be north also, but witheoute the parke. 
The Lorde Stourton gyvith these 6. fountaynes yn his armes. 

The name of the Stourtons be very aunciente yn those 
parties. 

There be 4. campes that servid menne of warre aboute 
Stourton, one towarde the northe weste parte withyn the 
parke doble dichid. I conjecte that heere stode a [ma]ner 
place or castelle. My Lorde [Stourton] * sayith nay. 

There is a nother campe a mile dim. of Stoureton doble 
dichid in the toppe of an high hille. This is caullyd com- 
munely Whiteshete Hille. 

The other 2. campes be a brode yn the lordship. 

There is on f an hille a litle withoute Stourton a grove, 
and yn it is a very praty place caullyd Bonhomes, buildid of 
late by my Lorde Stourton. Bonhome of Wileshire, of the 
auncienter house of the Bonehomes there, is lorde of it. 

From Stoureton onto ... a 4. miles muche by woddy 
grounde. Heere I passid over Cale water at a greate forde, 



[* Stow omits this sentence, Hearne must therefore have seen the 
word, which is now gone.] 
[+ MS. o.] 



PART X 



107 



and so rydde scant a mile over Moreland, and a mile be- Wiltshire. 

yonde I lefte . . . Master Carentes house and parke on 

the lifte hande; and thens a mile farther I cam onto Staple- Dorset. 

ford " a praty uplandisch toune of one streate meately welle 

buildyd, [where at the] northe ende of the town [is a ehurche] 

and there [one Thornehul of Thorn] hulle lyith [buried on 

the southe syde of] the qu[ier in a fayre chapele of his owne 

buyldynge.] 

The lordeship and townelet of Stapleforde in Blakemore P. 10. 
hath longgid of aunciente tyme onto the abbay of Shirburne. 

Cale ryver cummith downe from Morelande onto Staple- 
forde, leving it on the righte ripe. 

Stapleforde is by estimation a 7. miles north from Wike- 
hampton, b from whens Calebrooke cummith. 

From Stapleforde onto Thornehul a mile by good grounde 
enclosid. Here dwellith Master Thornehul an auncient 
gentilman. 

From Thurnehul onto Stourminster a 2. miles by enclosid 
and woddy grounde; and yn the mydle way I passid over a 
stone bridge of 5. archis under the whiche rennith a brooke 
caullyd \Liddon Bridge], 

[Then I passid over] a wodde bridge [on Stoure a litle] 
above the [town.] 

The townelet of Stourminstre standith in a valley, and is P. n. 
no greate thing, and the building of it is mene. There is a 
very good market. It stondith in ripa sinistra of Stoure. 
There is a very fair bridge of 6. arches at the towne ende 
made of later tymes chiefly by the Vicare of Stourminstre 
and the persone of Shinington d agayne Eyford Bridge in ripa 
dextra Sturi yn the way to Blanforde. (Eyford Bridge 2. 
miles beneth Stourminstre.) 

At the . . . ende of the bridge in ripa dextera Sturi flu. 
is a faire maner place of an hille made stepe rounde by 
mannes hand caullid yn olde writinges Newton Castelle. 
King . . . gave this Stourminster and Newton onto thabbay 
of Glessenbyri. The castelle syns clerely decayed, and the 
abbates of Glessenbyri made ther a fair maner place, and 
usid to resorte onto yt. 

a Stalbridge. See Part VIII, fo. 52. b Wincanton. 

Thornhill. d ? Shillingstone. 



io8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Dorset. The personage of the towne was impropriate onto Glessen- 
byri, [and the] revenues of the lorde[ship mount] to a 80. //'. 
[by the yere.] * 

P. 12. From Stourminster over the bridge, and lesse then a mile f 
farther I passid over a bridge of 4. arches that standith, as I 
remember, over Devilles broke, and thens aboute a mile 
onto Thornehul. 

From Thornehul onto Caundel a praty village a mile. 
The Lord Stourton hath a fair maner place. It was the 
Chidiokes maner. (There be diverse villages caullid 
Caundelle.) 

From Caundel onto Shirburne 3. miles by enclosid and 
sumwhat hilly grounde meately welle woddyd. 

The parke of Shirburne excepting a litle aboute the logge 
is enclosid with a stone waulle. 

From Shirbourne onto Wike, a now Mr. Horesey house, 
a late the Abbate of Shirburne maner place, set on the 
righte ripe of Shirburne water, alias Ivel b ryver, scante 2. 
miles. 

[Th]ens to Bradeforde c a pratye [village on the] righte 
ripe of [Ivel and thens to] Clifton Mr. Ho[rsey's maner 
place scant a myle.] J 
Stow, fo. 79 b. Bradford Bridge of 2. arches a litle above the toune. 

Clifton standithe on the ryght rype of Ivel in the paroche 
of Yatminster, d where be 3. prebends longinge to Salisbyry. 
This lordeshipe longyd to the Mawbanks, whos heires gen- 
erall were maried onto Horesey, and Ware, and they partyd 
the lands. Ormond Erie of Wileshire aboute Kynge Edwarde 
the 4. tyme invadid Clifton, and possessyd it by violence 
withe a pretencyd tytle, and began a greate foundation there 
for stable and howsys of office, and entendyd to have 

[* This paragraph is omitted by Stow ; the bracketed words are gone 
since Hearne saw them.] 

[f MS. has miles.] 

[j Burton (a), p. 56, adds here to his copy, perhaps from some loose 
paper, two notes inserted in Lancashire, Part IX, viz., " Bridport is 
sett as middeway betweene Weymouth and Lime. At Bridport be 
made good daggers. " See before, p. 44. ] 



a Wyke Farm. b Yeo r. Bradford Abbas. 

d Yetminster. 



PART X 



109 



buyldyd a castle there, but shortly aftar Clifton was restoryd Dorset. 
to Horsey. 

The auncient name and maner place of the Horeseys was 
at the end of the greate hylle that goithe from Glessenbyry 
almoste to Bridgewatar. It is about a myle from Bridge fo. 80 a. 
Watar, and Ser John Horsey possessithe yet the lande. 

The broke of Sherburne and Myllebroke water metithe to- 
gethar a qwartar of a myle or more by nethe Clifton. 

From Clifton onto Ivelle" a good market towne a myle Somerset- 
or more. It stondithe plesauntly on a rokky hille, and is shire, 
meatly welle buildyd. It stondithe in Somersetshire in laeva 
rip a flu. Ively* 

The towne is privilegyd withe greate libertes, and kepithe 
courts for decidinge of suts. The paroche chirche is faire 
and lyghtesom. In it be 4. or 5. cantuaries endwyd withe 
lands. 

There is at the weste ende of the churche a greate and 
fayre olde chapel, the whiche semithe to be a thinge more 
ancient then the paroche. It is usid for a chauntrey. 

There is a bridge a litle from the toun of 3. great arches 
of stone apon Ivel, and is the highe way from Shireburne 
westward. Shireburne is 3. myles or more from Ivele towne. 

A litle above Ivel bridge brekethe out an arme of Ivel, 
and aboute the bridge the armes mete agayne togithar and 
make a fayre medowe as an isle. 

The streame goithe from Ivel Bridge onto Ilchester a 3. 
myles, and thens rennythe northe to Mychelborow levinge 
Athelney somewhat distant on the lyfte ripe, and so onto 
Lambourne, d and to Bridge Northe c that standithe hard on Lanibowrne. 
the lifte ripe of it.* 

Lamburne hathe bene a right praty towne, and a good 
market. In it were many fayre howses. Now it decayithe. 

From Shireburne onto Milburne Porte f about a 2. mils. Mylburne. 
It hathe had a market, and yet retaynithe privileges of a 
fraunchisyd borow. 

[* There is error here, the river Yeo falls into the Parret at Lang- 
port] 



Yeovil. 
d Langport. 



b Yeo r. 

8 Bridgewater. 



c Muchelney. 
f Milborne Port. 



no 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Dorset. There comythe a broket downe by the towne, and re- 
sortithe onto Shireburne Watar. a 

Thens a myle to Tonmer Parke encompasyd with a stone 
waulle. 

The lordeship of Tonmers was one Tonmers whos heire 
fo. 80 b. generall was maried onto one of the Carents, and there by 
was Carents lands moste augmentid. 

From Tonmer to Stalbridge a myle. This towne was 
privilegyd withe a market and a faire by the procurement 
of an abbat of Shirburne. The market is decayed. The fair 
remaynithe. 

The abbot of Shireburne, lord of the towne, had there a 
maner place on the southe syd of the churche. 

There is a right goodly springe on the southe syde of the 
churche waullyd about. 

Stowre is the next water on it, and that levithe Stalbridge 
aboute a mile on the right ripe. 

Calebridge on Cale ryver is a mile and halfe of. 

Marnelle b on the . . .* rype of Stowre is a good up- 
landishe towne, and the lordshipe there longid onto Gles- 
senbyri. 

Marnelle is aboute a 6. myles from Shaftesbyry. 

From Stalbridge onto the causey that ledithe to Scheftes- 
byry a myle. Thens to Fyyebridge upon Cale ryvar a bout 
a 2. myles. There be 5. principall arches, where of it take the 
name, but ther joynethe hard onto a longe stone causey, in 
the whiche be dyverse archelets. 

Al the countre aboute Fivebridge is a flate vale of a 
greate cumpace environid withe high hills. 

Passynge a myle farthar I roode over a broke that be lyke- 
lihode resortythe to Stowre. 

Sckaftesberye. Thens aboute a 3. miles on to Shaftesbyry a great market 
toune stondinge on an highe hille havinge 4. paroche chirches 
in it. 

The abbay stode by . . .* of the toun. 

There was an inscription on the right hond enteringe of 

[* Blanks in MS.] 



a Yeo r. 



b Marnhull. 



Five Bridges. 



PART X in 

the chapiter howse set up by Alfredus, Kynge of the West- Dorset. 
Saxons, in knoledge that he repayred Schaftesberye, dystroyed 
by the Danes. The inscription of the remaines of the whiche 
William of Malmesbyri spekethe stodd in the waulle of 
S. Marie's Chapell at the townes end. The chapell is now 
pullid downe. 

Stowre ryver levithe Schaftesbyri . . .* the lyfte ripe. fo. 81 a. 

From Sheftesbyri towarde Myre a I passid a 2 . mils by 
woody grounde, and ther I passyd ovar a broke that ran 
downe on the lifte hand toward Stowre, and so goynge 
thoruge a peace of Gillingham Forest I passid over a nother 
broke. 

[* Blank in MS.] 
a Mere. 






APPENDIX TO PART X 
BURFORD, CULHAM, AND ABINGDON 

(Note by Thomas Hearne. See page 77.) 

THO' King Henry the V th . is here said to be the founder 
not only of Burford, but of Culham, Bridge, yet this is [Burfbrd, 
to be understood only by way of complement, and 'tis Berks.] 
grounded only upon the liberty given by him for building 
the bridges, and upon some other small privileges that he 
allow'd at this time. For 'tis certain that John of St. Helen's 
was the first beginner of Burford Bridge, to the maintenance 
of which and of the hospital of St. Helen's that he had 
founded, he left an estate in land of 50. pounds a year, 
which estate (I suppose) now belongs (at least it ought to 
belong) to the present hospital, call'd Christ's Hospital, that 
was built by K. Edward the Sixth and Sir John Mason. 
And 'tis withal as certain that Geffry Barbour was the prin- 
cipal founder of Culham * Bridge, towards which, and to the 
finishing of Burford Bridge, and to the making of the fine 
causey between both bridges he gave a 1000. marks, which 
was punctually laid out upon this work. The best artists 
that could be found were imploy'd, and every man had a 
penny a day, which was the best wages, and an extraordinary 
price in those times, when the best wheat was now and 
thenf sold for twelve pence a quarter. Twas likewise in 

t* In Oxfordshire, near Abingdon, which is in Berks. L. T. S.] 
t See pag. 22. of a certain Leiger Book, now lying in the hall of 
Christ's Hospital at Abbington, mtitled A Monument of Christian 
Munificence, written in the year 1627. by Francis Little, sometime 
Mayor of Abbington, and one of the Governours of this Hospital. In 
which book (written with no great judgment) is a short account of the 
Monastery of Abbington, of the Hospital of the fraternity of the Holy- 
Cross, and of divers other things relating to this place. 
V. I 



ii4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

those times that in the feasts of the fraternity of the Holy- 
Cross in Abbington they spent yearly six calfs, which cost 
two shillings and two pence a piece, sixteen lambs at twelve 
pence a piece, above four score capons at three pence a 
piece, above four score geese at two pence half penny a 
piece, eight hundred eggs at five pence a hundred; besides 
many marrow bones, much fruit and spice, and a great quan- 
tity of milk, cream and flour, all in proportion too to the 
prices that I have specify'd: and upon these days of rejoyc- 
ing withal they us'd to have twelve minstrels, viz. six from 
Coventry and six from Maidenhead, for which and for other 
uses of the fraternity William Dyar, Vicar of Bray in Berks, 
gave them five tenements in East St. Helen's Street, three 
tenements in West St. Helen's Street, and other lands in 
Abbington. So that considering the cheapness of things in 
those times, Geffry Barbour's contribution was very great 
and extraordinary, and 'tis nothing but justice to style him 
the founder of the bridge, the stones whereof, as well as 
those of Burford Bridge, were taken out of the quarries of 
Bessilsleigh and Stanford, and were given them by Sir 
Peter Bessils, who moreover, besides the money he gave for 
carrying on the building of the bridges, by his last will and 
testament, dated Octob. 23. 1424. gave all his lands, tene- 
ments and reversions in Abbington towards the perpetual 
maintenance and repair of them. Besides Geffry Barbour's 
benefaction to this work, he was likewise so great a bene- 
factor to the hospital of St. Helen, that some look upon 
him now, as they did even in Mr. Leland's time, to have 
been the chief founder of it. He was also in other respects 
a very great friend to this town, and did so much good in 
the place, that he is always mention'd by the inhabitants 
with the most profound respect. He was first of all buried 
in the Abbey Church; but upon the dissolution he was 
translated from thence in the most solemn manner to St. 
Helen's Church, where I have seen his grave-stone, and find 
the following inscription upon it : Hie jacet Galfridus Bar- 
hour^ Mercator de Abendon, quondam Balivus Bristoliae, qui 
obiit vicesimo primo die Aprili^ anno Domini 1417. Cujus 
animae propitietur Deus. Tis this great respect which the 
inhabitants of the town have for him that hath prevented 
the destruction of the brass-plate upon which the inscription 



APPENDIX TO PART X 115 

.s ingrav'd. Other old monuments have been defac'd and 
utterly destroy'd by Puritans, Presbyterians, and the rest of 
the whining crew, purely out of a vain, idle conceit, that the 
memory of no Roman Catholicks ought to be preserv'd. 
This town hath been famous for fanaticks, and 'tis no won- 
der that there is so little of such kind of antiquities remain- 
ing amongst them; and yet these principles have not 
prevail'd so far upon them as to erase out of their minds the 
honour that is due to Geffry Barbour; which, perhaps, may 
be owing, in some measure, to this, that they do not believe 
him to have been a rigorous Roman Catholick, but rather an 
enemy to the Pope. We cannot conceive what rejoycing 
there was upon the finishing of Culham Bridge, not only 
because a stop was put by this means to the mischiefs which 
us'd to happen in ferrying over the water, but also because 
it conduc'd very much to the inriching of the town by in- 
fluencing travellers in their way from Gloucester to London 
to pass through it, and not through Walingford as they had 
been accustom'd to do. And 'tis to be noted that 'twas 
nothing else but a sense of the many benefits that accru'd 
from hence to this place that occasion'd Mr. Richard Fan- 
nand, iron-monger, in the year 1457 (being the 36. year of 
the reign of K. Hen. VI.) to put up a table in the hall of 
St. Helen's Hospital in memory of Geffry Barbour, etc. in 
which we have an exact, tho' rude and barbarous, descrip- 
tion of the proceedings in building of Culham Bridge, 
together with some Latin verses at the beginning (in which 
K. Henry the V. is mention'd as the founder of both 
bridges) and the rebus of Abbington at the end, (which 
differs somewhat from that in Dr. Plot's letter.)* 'Tis this 
table that is here cited by Mr. Leland, and 'tis now hanging 
in the hall of the present hospital, but being like to come to 
decay in some time, I shall here beg leave to transcribe and 
publish it, that posterity may know to whom it is that they 

[* Dr. Robert Plot, antiquary (1640-96), in a letter to Dr. John 
Fell of Oxford (printed by Hearne at the end of vol. ii of Leland's 
" Itinerary," second edition, p. 136), in which he plans out a philoso- 
phical journey through England and Wales, cites the rebus thus: 

" The first letter of our fore-fadyr, a worker of wax, an I and an N, 
The colour of an ass, and what have you then?" L. T. S.] 



n6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

are chiefly indebted for the benefits that follow'd from the 
foundation of Culham Bridge. 

Henrici quinti regis quarto revoluto 

Anno, rex idem pontem fundavit utrumque, 

Supra locum binum Borford dictumque Culhamford. 

Inter eos namque via regia tendit alta. 

Annis adjunctis dat inter gradientibus amplum ; 

Principium cujus Abendoniae situatur. 

Annis tune donum* M. quater C. numeratis, 

Ex sexto deno cum fecit opus pietatis. 

Vos qui transitis hujus memores bene sitis, 

Et vestris precibus fundator sit relevatus. 

Off alle Werkys in this Worlde that ever were -wrought 
Holy chirche is chefe, there children been chersid.^ 
For be baptim these Barnes to blisse been i brought, 
TJiorough the grace of god, andfayre refresshed. 
Another blissed besines is brigges to make, 
There that the pepul may not passe after greet showres. 
Dole it is to drawe a deed body cute of a lake, 
That was fulled in a fount stoon, and afelow of cures. 
Kyng Herry theffte in his fourthe Yere, 
He hathe ifoundefor hisfolke a brige in Berke schure. 
For cards with cartage may goo and come clere, 
That many Wynters afore were mareed in the myre. 
And som oute of her sadels flette to the grounde 
IVent forthe in the Water wist no man wkare. 
Fyve Wekys after or they -were i founde, 
Her kyn and her kncnvlech caught hem uppe with care. 
Then the commons of Abendoii cryed on the fCynge, 
Upon Dukes and Lordes that were in this londe. 
The Kynge bad hem begynne apofi goddes blissinge, 
And make it also strange as they couthe with stone, lyme or sonde. 
Apon the day ofseynt Albon they began this game, 
And John Huchyns layde the firste stoon in the Kynges name. 
Sir Peris Besillis knyght curteys and heend, 
For his fadir soule and his frendes he dyd as he scholde. 
He gaf hem stony s i nowhe into the werkys ende, 
Also many as they nedidfeche hem if they wolde. 
Than crafti men for the querry made crowes of yre, 
Weges, and wayes, and many harde howys. 
Jeffray Barbour bad pay hem her hyre. 
Then must they have mooldes to make on the bowys. 
They cokidfor cartes, and aastfor her clusyng,% 

[* Hearne gives demum as a possible reading. L. T. S.] 
[t PChershid, i.e., cherished. L. T. S.] 

[J Hearne suggests chisyng for clusyng, i.e., chysyng or selecting. 
Cokid, i.e., pryed about (like a cock). L. T. S.] 



APPENDIX TO PART X 117 

They founde oute the fundcment and layde in large stones. 
They reysid up the archeys be geometre in rysyng, 
With xi. laborers lavyng at onys. 
Ther was mater i now he, stone, lyme and gravel, 
Werkemen als -wise as they couldefynde any. 
And ever bad the B arbour pay for her travel, 
Til a M. Marke be spende eche a peny. 
Then the strenghe of the streme astoned hem strange, 
In labor and lavyng moche money was lore. 
Ther loved hem a ladde was a water man longe, 
He helpe stop the streme til the werke were afore. 
It was a solace to see in a somer seson, 
CCC. I wysse workynge at onys. 
iiii. and iiii. reulyd be reson, 
To wete who wrought best were set for the nonce. 
The peple preved her power with the pecoyse* 
The mattok was man handeled right wele a whyle, 
With spades and schovelis they made suche a noyse, 
That men myght here hem thens a myle. 
Wyves went oute to wife how they wrought: 
V. score in afiok it was a fay re syght. 
In bord clothes bright white brede they brought, 
Chees and chekenes clerelych A dyght. 
These weren the dyches i diged inful harde grounds, 
And i cast up to arere with the wey, 
Sethen they were i set with a quyk mownde 
To holde in the bunkes for ever and ay. 
The gode Lorde of Abendon of his londe, 

XX 

For the breed of the brige iiii. fate large. 

It was a greet socour of erthe and of sonde, 

And yt he abated the rent of the barge. 

An C. pownde, and xv 1 *- was truly payed 

Be the hondes of John Huchyns and Banbery also, 

For the waye and the barge thus it must be sayed. 

Therto witnesse al Abendon, and many oon moo. 

For now is Culham hithe i com to an ende, 

An al the contre the better and no man the worse. 

Fewfolke there were coude that wey wende, 

But they waged a wed or payed of her purse. 

And if it were a begger had breed in his bagge, 

He schulde be ryght soone i bid for to goo aboute, 

And of the pore penyles the hiereward wold habbe 

A hood or a girdel, and let hem goo withoute. 

Many moo myscheves there weren I say. 

Culham hithe hath causid many a curse. 

I blyssed be our helpers we have a better waye, 

Withoute any peny for cart and for horse. 



f* Peck or pick-axe. L. T. S.] 



n8 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Thus acordid the kynge and the covent, 

And the commones of Abendon as the Abbot wolde. 

Thus they were cesed and set al in oon assent, 

That al the brekynges of the brige the towne bere schulde. 

This ivas preved acte also in Perlement, 

In perpetual pees to have and to holde. 

This tale is i tolde in noon other entent 

But for myrthe and in memory to yonge and to aide. 

Now every good body that gothe on this brige, 

Bid for the Barbor jentiljeffray, 

That clothed many a pore man to bed and to rige, 

And hat he holpe to rentis to holde up this waye. 

The wiche rentes right trewe men have i take on honde, 

And graciously governed hem now a good while. 

Who so have hem hereafter withe trewthe but he stonde, 

It schal be knowen openly he dothe hymselfe begyle. 

I councel every creature to kepe hymfrom the curse. 

For of this tretis wil I no more telle. 

And be not to covetous to youre owne purse, 

For peril of the peynes in the pit of H elk. 

Now god geve us grace to folowe treuthe even, 

That we may have a place in the blysse of Heven. AMEN. 

* r. A.B.I.N.D.O.N. R.F.I. 

Take the first letter of youre four e fader with A, the worker of wex, 
and I and N, the colore of an asse; set them togeder, and tel me yfyou 
can what it is than. Richard Fannande Irenmonger hathe made this 
tabul, and set it here in the y ere of Kyng Herry the sexte xxxvi u . 



* This Letter stands for rebus, unless I am mistaken. [See note, 
p. 115. L. T. S.] 



\ 



PART XL* 

Nomina episcoporum Dorcacestrensium.^ Oxon. 

T3IRIJNUS obiit 3. Call, Decembar anno dom. 650.^ fo. 48 a. 

Agelbertus. 
Elutherius. 
Jaromanus. 
Atithla, 
Sexulphus. 
Eadtheaad. 
Athelwinus. 
Eadgarus. 

Bertinus tempore regis Offae. 
Kinebright.% 

[* Leland's original of this Part is lost; printed from Stow's copy 
(MS. Tanner 464, vol. ii, fos. 48-116) where it is headed, " Comentaria 
Anglire"; a late hand has added figure 2 in the left-hand corner. The 
text runs on to fo. 71, then comes a blank leaf, the text beginning 
again on fo. 73 a, with figure 3 in the left-hand corner, and the heading 
"in navi ecclesii Warwike." See after, p. 150. Hearne (vol. viii, Part 
II) prints this as a continuation of fo. 71, and we follow the same 
order. ] 

ft DorcacestrenstS) MS. This list appears to have been compiled by 
Leland chiefly from Bede and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the names 
rom Birinus to Edhed (Eadtheaad), and from William of Malmesbury, 
Gesta Pontificorum, for the rest. He introduces, however, two bishops 
of Lichfield, Jaroman and Sexwulf, among the early names, also Berlin 
a doubtful name in this connection ; could he possibly have had some 
local register before him now destroyed or lost? It seems unlikely, as 
Dorchester and Leicester were joined to Lichfield 705-737, according to 
Stubbs, and the seat of the bishopric was removed to Lincoln in 1070, 
Remigius being the first bishop there. Some of the spellings may be 
due to errors made by Stow in copying Leland. ] 

[t In Part II of the Itinerary (vol. i, pp. 117, 118) is Leland's narra- 
tive of what he saw in Dorchester, where he notes the burial of bishops 
Birinus and ^Eschwin. ] 

[ Cyneberht.] 

119 



120 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Eadbaldus, 
Alewy. 

Ealdwulphus. 
Ceofwulphus. 
Eadwulph. 
Brithredus. 

Leofwinus qui conjunxit duos episcopates, scilicet Dorcaster 
et Leircester. 
Alnoth. 
Ascleninus.* 
Alphelmus. 
Eadnothus. 
Eatherinus.\ 
Eadnothus. 
Wulpfe. 
J Wuwine tempore Wilhelmi Bastardi. 

Nomina episcoporum Lincoln, a conquestu. 

Remigius. 

Robertus Bloeth: deceased anno ii23- 
1123. Alexandar. 

Robertus de Elienneto :^ deceased anno n . . . 
Galfridus qui translatus fuit a Lincoln. Ebor. 
Gualterus de Constantia. 
S. Hugo. 

Gul. de Montibus^ 
Hugo Wells. 
fo. 48 b. Robert Grosteste: deceased anno 1253. 

Henricus Lexington: coram cap. S. Mar. in or. 
Richard Gravesend. 
Oliverus Sutton. 
Johannes Dalderby. 
Henricus Burwasche. 



[f Athene.] 

Wuwince, MS. It should be Wulfwig, his predecessor being Ulf.] 
The dates and words "deceased anno" in this page were added 
later, perhaps by Stow himself.] 

[|| Querceto, alias de Katineto (Dugdale) or Chesney, de Chennehai, 
etc. (Le Neve).] 
[IT William de Bleys or Blois (Dugdale and Le Neve).] 



PART XI 121 

Thomas Weke.* Lincoln. 

Joannes Gynwelle, sepul. in Occident, par. eccles. 

Joannes Bukingham. 

Henricus Beaufort, translatus ad Winton. et postea card. 
S. Eusebii. 

Philippus de Ripington. 

Richardus Fleminge. 

Gul. Gray. 

Gul. Alnewik, sepultus occidentali. par. eccksiae. 

Marmaducus Lomeley. 

Joan. Chedworth, sepul. boreali parte prope Sutton. 

Thomas Rotheram translatus ad Ebor. 
Joann. Russelle. 

Gul. Smith, sepul t. occiden. parte ecclesiae. 

Thomas Wolsey translatus ad Ebor. 

Gul. Awater, sepul. occid. part, eccles. 
Johannes Longeland erexit sacellum cum sepulchro similli- 
mo f sepulchro Russelli. 

Prater Adam scripsit vitam S. Hugonis episcopi Lincoln, et 
librum J dedit R. Priori et monachis Withamensibus. 

S. Hugo natus in territorio Gratianopolitano. 

Petrus monachus Cisterc. postea archiepiscopus Tarentasi- 
ensis, praeceptor Hugonis. 

Hugo praenotatus per Henri. 2. venit ad Witham in 
Anglia, ubi paulo ante . . . Henr. monaster. Cartusianorum 
instituerat. 

Sepultures in Lyncolne. fo. 49 a. 

Henry Burwasch Bisshop of Lincoln buried in the est ende 
of the churche toward the northe. 

There is also buried at his fete Robart his brothar, a 
knighte of greate fame in the warrs. 

And there also is buried Barptoleme sunn to Robert Bur- 
wasche, and they foundyd 5. prists, and 5. pore scollars at 
gramar schole in Lyncolne. 

In owr Lady chappell, at the est ende of the northe syde 
of the churche, is buried the bowells of Quene Elianor. The 
armes of Castle be on the syde of the tombe. 

[* Thomas Bek or Beake (Le Neve and S.ubbs). ] 

[t Simillimum, MS.] [* Libre, MS.] 



122 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Lincoln. In the southe est chapell next to it is buried one of the 
Lorde Nicholas Cantilupes. 

This Cantilupe foundyd a mastar and 2. or 3. cantuaris, 
aftar augmentyd to vii. Now the colledge is corruptely cauled 
Negem College. 

And thereby at his hed lyethe one of the Wymbisches,* a 
residensary of Lincolne in a fayre highe tombe. 

In S. Nicholas Chapell is a merveylows fair and large 
Psaltar, full in the margin of goodly armes of many noble 
men. 

S. Hughe liethe in the body of the est parte of the chirche 
above the highe altare. 

Bysshope Fleminge liethe in an highe tumbe in the northe 
isle of the upper parte of the chirche in the walle; and 
thereby undar flate stones ly Oliver Sutton, and John Chad- 
worthe byshope. 

Bysshope Russell and Longland,f now bisshop, tumbes 
be in to chapells cast out of the uppar parte of the southe 
wall of the church e. 

Agayne this chapell is Fitz William knight buried. 

In the southe parte of the presbytery lyithe in 2. severalle 
highe marble tumbes in a chapell Catarine Swineforde, the 
3. wife to John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, and Jane her 
dougtar Countes of Westmerland. 

Byshope Thomas lyethe in the highest cross northe isle. 

Robert Grosted lyethe in the hygheste southe isle with a 
goodly tumbe of marble and an image of brasse over it. 

Bysshope Repington lyethe under a flate stone thereby. 

In the lower northe crosse isle lyethe Bysshope Thomas 
Weke. 

fo. 49 b. In the lower southe crosse isle laye Bysshope Dalberby; 
but his tumbe was taken away nomine super stitionis. 

John Multon knyght lyethe in the body of the chirche. 

Bysshope Gwyney % lyethe in the body of the churche, and 
buyldyd a greate chapell_of Seint Magdalene without the 
very northe waull, but Joyninge on the north syde of the 
cathedrall churche, and foundyd a 5. cantuaries. and this 

[* Wimbush family.] 

[t John Longlands, bp. 1521-38.] 

IJf John Gynwell, bp. 1347, seems intended.] 



PART XI 123 

churche was aftar translatyd into the northe syde of the Lincoln, 
eskeker by the peace of west area of the churche yarde. 

Where the Deane of Lyncolnes howse is in the minstar 
close of Lyncolne and there about was a monasterye of 
nunes afore the tyme that Remigius began the new mynstar 
of Lyncolne : and of this howse yet remayne certayne tokens 
of it. 

The body of the churche of Lyncolne to the first crosse 
isle hathe viii. arches pilloryd with marble on eche syde. 

The first crosse isle is greatar and more in lengthe then 
the second crosse isle is. 

The quiere betwixt the 2. crosse isles hathe on eche syde 
4. arches and pillor of marble. 

The est ende of the chirche hathe 5. arches on eche syde 
withe pillors of marble. 

At the northe ende of the upper crosse isle is the cloystre, 
and in the este ende of it is the chapitre house, the este 
ende whereof is very fayre opere circulari^ and the fornix is 
susteinid with a pillor of marble. 

There is a very fayre dore in the upper part of the churche 
southeward to go into the close, and agayne this lyithe the 
bisshops palace hangginge in declivio. 

Al the hole close is environid withe an highe stronge 
wawle havynge dyvers gats in it, whereof the principall is 
the Escheker Gate. 

The paroche churche of Seint Margarete is within the 
close by of est southe est. 

In paroch. eccle. de Gainesburgc. 

Dominus Thomas Burgh miles ordinis garterii obiit anno 
Dom. 1408. Sepultus est in australi parte supremi altaris 1408. 
cum Margareta domina de Boterax * ejus consorte. 

Dominus Edmund Cor\_n\ewaille dominus de Thonakjacet 
boreali parte ecclesi. et instituit ibidem tres cantuarias; obiit 
anno Do. 1322. 16. die Decembris.* 1322. 

[* Decembar, MS.] 
Botreaux. 



i2 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

fo. 50 a. Qwatermayne foundyd an hospitall at Tame in Oxford- 
Oxon. shire. 

One of the Qwatermains is buried in Tame Churche. 

The Qwatermaynes were men of faire lands in the quar- 
ters of Oxford, Bukynghame and Barkshire. 

The last of the Qwatermains left moste of his lands to 
one Fowlar, whose sune was after chauncelar of the Duchye 
of Lancastar, and this chaunselars sonne sold away all. 

Ricote was one of Quatermains manor places. 

Yonge Chambarlayne of Oxfordshire tolde me that the 
lordshipe of Cotes about Northampton was the auncients 
manor of the Chamberleins. He tolde me all * that they had 
also the lands of a knight caulyd Helke by heires generalle. 

Gul, de Perci in tempore Gul. com. dedit s. feodos militum 
collegio de Beverley^ totidem S. Wilfrido de Ripon, totidem 
hospitalariis, totidem templarHs, totidem S. Hildi de Whitby. 

Ther was in the olde rowle set the name of Agelnoun with 
one of the first Percys, f 

Hie Gul. fundator fuit de Whitby. Alanus ejus filius con- 
firmator. 

Emma de Port nupsit Gul. Percy. 

Gysbritus Tisonn fundator monasteriorum de Malton et 
Watton fuit dominus de Alnewik et Malton. This Tisonn 
gave the lordeshipe of Watton to a nece of his. 

Gul. filius Gisbrighti interfectus in bello inter Haroldum 
et Guli. reges. 

Surely, as far as I can perceyve, the Vescys heires to 
Tison were foundars of Watton and Malton, and not Tisonn 
himselfe.J 

Gui/. Tisonn reliquit etiam unicam filiam, quae nupsit 
Yvoni de Vescy op. Normanniae. 

Gisbrightus habuit etiam juniorem filium Richardum, cut 
multas ter. dedit. 

And Richard's heires males in tyme decayng cam by a 
doughtar Bona Tisonn ioJGul. Hilton. Gul. Percy 3. funda- 
tor de Hanke. 

Ther was notyd in the old rolle apon the name of Joce- 



ESic. 
The 
on. A 



Sic.'] [f This paragraph is written in the margin.] 

""ie charters given by Dugdale show that Leland was right. 
Ang.,"vi, 970, 971.] 



PART XI 125 

linus de Lovain, sonne to the Duke of Brabant, how that at 
suche tyme as he shuld mary the heyre of the Percy, that fo. 50 b. 
he shuld othar take the name of Percy, or els Percys armes 
witheout addition of the armes of Brabant ; whereapon he 
toke the name of Percy, and kept in his armes the blew 
lyon the armes of Brabant. 

Percy cam by the Lucys land by meane of an heire gene- 
rail of the Lucis that he maried, and she havynge no child- 
ren by hym, and dyenge afore hym made hym hir sole heire 
by dede of mere gifte. 

Ex tabula pencilibus Dunelmensis.* Durham. 

Anno Domini 1346. vigilia S. Lucae hora 9. bellum inter 1346. 
Scott os et Anglos in loco dicto NevilFs Crosse. 

Rex David cepit Lidel. 

Rex David venit ad Bewrepark, ubifixit tentoria. 

Hoc tempore exercitus Anglorum erat apud Akeland. 

Barthram Copland mane irruebat cum parte exercitus in 
Scottos. 

Menille et Henri. Percy postea fortiter cum Scottis dimica- 
bant, 

Gul. de la Zuche archiepiscopus Ebor. et Mowbray ejus dia- 
conus, ac Robertus Ogle ejus subdiaconus fortiter pugnabant. 

Thomas Carre vexillarius dixit Joanni Copland, cape Da- 
videm regem. 

Mundingden locus prope Norham caede Scotorum insignis. 

Jacobus occisus apud Brankston. 

Intelligit Gul. de la Souch archiepiscopum Ebor. 

Sit pater invicte, sicco de stipite dicte, 

Grande tuum nomen, tibi conditor attulit omen. 

Sit laus armorum comiti vails calamorion.^ 

Berdwith miles comitis Tosti violans pacem S. Cuthberti 
periit. 

A stronge wardyd gate at Geteshed. fo. 51 a. 

[* Hearne suggests pensili Dunelmcnsi in emendation of Stow's error, 
or tabulis p. Dunelmensis. ] 

[t Stein MS., vallis calamorum. If came.] 



126 



Northum- 
berland. 

New Castle. 



Tyne bridge hathe 10. arches and a stronge warde and 
towre on it. 

A gate at the bridge ende. 

Then turninge on the right honde to the key a chapell of 
the towne withe a Maesun Dieu. 

Then a certen houses with a watar gate and a sqware 
haull place for the towne, and a chapelle there, as I re- 
membar. 

Then a mayne stronge waull on the haven side to Sand- 
gate to Tinmouthe way. 

Then 5. towers to Pandon gate. 

There harde by dothe . . . Deene watar dryve a mille, 
and passithe thrwghe the * ... on this watar there by is a 
litle archid bridge. 

And about this quartar stoode the howse of the Friers 
ordinis S. Trinitatis. 

From Pandon gate to Pilgrime gate 15. towres. 

Thens to Newgate 8. 

The Observant Frires Howse stode by Pandon gate. It 
was a very fayre thinge. 

And lower in the same strete, but on the contrary 
syde a litle with a lane, was the house of the Augustine 
Freires. 

From Newgate to Westgate a mightye stronge thinge of 
4. wardes, and an yron gate 13. towres. 

The faire place of Blake Freres stode bytwixt Newgate 
and Westgate. 

The Nunnes Dene havinge 2. bridges resortithe towards 
Pilgrime gate, and so downe ward to Tine. 

The watar of boothe the Denes cummithe from the cole 
pitts at Cowhil or Cowmore halfe a mile owt of New 
Castelle. 

Ther is a parke waullid and a lodge witheout the Blak 
Freres and the towne waulle. 

From Westgate to Tin& side 16. parte almoste round, parte 
sqware. There I saw the hospitall of S. ... and then the 
White Freres, whos garth cam almoste to Tine syde. 

Ther be 5. hedds of conduiths for fresch watar to the 
toun. 



[* Sic.1 



PART XI 127 

Sepulchra episcoporum Dunelmen. in capitulo. fo. 51 b. 

, , 7 * . . Durham. 

Robertus de Insula * in vano marmore. 

Turgotus episcopus, Aldunus, et Walkerus f in uno tumulo. 

Edmundus et Edredus in uno tumulo. 

Guil. de Capilepho.% 

De Groystane natus jacet hie Robertus humatus.^ 

Nicolaus Ferneham episcopus. 

Philippus episcopus. Richardus de Marisco. 

Ranulphus,|| as some say, buyldyd Norham Castle. 

Walkerus f that was slayne at Gatshed was first byried at 
Jarway. 

Alterum sepulchrum sine inscriptione. 

Ranulphus episcopus , Galfridus episcopus ^ Gulielmus 2., 
Walterus. 

In Choro. 

Skirlaw ad boream sub arcu. 

Hatfeld ad austrum sub arcu. 

Ludovicus Bellemont coram mag. altari sub piano marmore. 

In orientali transepto ecclesiae. 

Antonius*^ de Becco sub piano lapide** ad borealem parlem. 
Richardus de Byri ad austrum. 

In Galilea. 

Thomas Langeley cancellar. Angl. tempore 3*"*. regum 
sepultus in Galilea. 

Est autem Galilea eccl. adjecta Occident, parti mag. eccl. 
Habet\\ in latitudine 5. paries distinctas> et unaquaeque pars 
arcus 4. 

Langeley made the songe and the gramer schols at Dirham. 

Robert Neville Bisshope of Durham lyithe in a highe 

[* Robert of Holy Island (Lindisfarne).] 
[t Walcher, first buried at Jarrow.] 

fj Error for Carileph.} 
Robert of Graystanes, sub-prior and historian of Durham.] 
[II Ralph Flambard.] [If MS. Antornius.] 

[** MS. repeats " ad Becco sub piano lapide" between " lapide" and 
ad."] 
[tt Habit, MS.] 



128 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Durham, playne marble tumbe in the Galile. As some say this Nevill 
made the Feretrum S. Cutheberti as it is now. 

There liethe at the hedde of this Neville Richard de 
Castro Barnardi undar a flat stone. There liethe at his hed 
one of the Nevilles. There is also a tumbe of Bede the 
noble monke. 

Two of the Lomeleys ly at the northe syde of the churche 
in the churche garthe in vario marmore. 

fo. 52 a. Things that I lernyd of Mastar Hinmar Chauncellar 

of Durham. 

A bysshop of Durham gave, as it apperithe by writinge, 
the lordeshipe of Ravensworthe apon Tine to a nephew of 
his. Sins it was one Humfrevills, then Lomeley, and now 
Gascoynes. 

Bointon was owner of this castle no very longe tyme sens. 

The lands wher now Greatham Hospitale is by Hertelpole 
was longinge to Peter Mountefort of the Erldome of Leyrce- 
star, and beinge attaynted the kynge enteryd on the lande. 
Then the Bysshope of Duresme made sute to the kynge, 
sayenge that attayntyd land in the byshopriche shuld be his, 
and provynge that to be trew, he had the land, and made 
there an hospitall, and induyd it withe the same. 

Henricus de Puteaco brothar to Hugh Puteacus* was 
foundar of Finkeshal Priorye on Were 2. mils benethe 
Duresme, and there is he buried ; and also S. Goodelak the 
Heremite. 

There is a place in the very hedde of Weredale caullid 
the Bysshop Stones, and there is the limes of the Bisshoprike. 

There be 8. prebends or portions at Northton apon Tese 
a bout a mile above Stokton. 

Yarham Bridge is 2. mils above it. Waltar Skirlaw 
Bysshope of Durehame made Yareham Bridge. He made 
also the Gate Howse at-Akeland, and also Finkley a Bridge 
on Were of 2. arches, or rathar one arche withe a pillor in 
the midle of it, was made by Skyrlaw. It was throwne 

[* Puteaus, MS.] 
a Finchale. 



PART XI 129 

downe 2. or 3. yeres agoo for lake of reparations in tyme. Durham. 
It stode a mile above Duresme. 

This Skirlaw made all, or a peace of the lanterns at Yorke 
Minster, cast out of the vaults of the isles of eche syde of 
the highe altar. For there be his armes sette. 

Skirlaw made at Swine in Holdernesse, where he was 
borne, a fayre chapelle, and there indued to cantuaries. 
His fathar, as some say, was a makar of ciffenes * for meale. 

There is bothe yren and lede owre, and also cols in 
Werdale. 

The water of Were is alway of a trobelyd color, as cum- 
minge thoroughe morishe and owrische soyles. 

Litle or no fishe is taken but eles in the upper parte of 
Were. For fishe can not ther well lyve in it. 

Woulsingham Market in Weredale is cleane decayed. For 
none repayre thither with ware or intayle on the consuete 
day. 

As far as Stanhope men of knowledge say that there nevar fo. 52 b. 
was market. 

Mastar Chauncelar of Duresme holdithe opinion that the 
marmoruarium f that is at Duresme in divers parte of the 
churche was taken nother out of Tese nor Were but at a 
meaner broke by Woulsingham. 

There is a very good quarre of gray marble at Angleston. 

Hugo de Puteaco, as the Dene of Duresme tolde me, 
made the howse that the Byshops of Duresme have at 
Darlengton. 

Ex antiquo Codice Dunelmensi. 

Tempore Berthrami Prioris vaccaria quaedam propc Beaurepaire. 
Dunelmum mutata est in locum solatii et aedificiis ornata; a 
quo tempore dicta est JBeaurepair, id est, bellus reditus. 

Omnes episcopi Lindisfarnenses et Conicastrenses ab Aidano 
ad Walkerum\ Normannum fuerunt monachi. 

Crux lapidea in coemiterio Dunelmensi delata erat a Lin- 
disfarn cum corpore S. Cutheberti, in quo sculptum erat 
nomen episcopi facientis illam, s. Ethelwaldi. Prius erat 

[* Cyve, a sieve.] [t Read marmoratum. ffearne.] 

[t Walcher the Norman.] 
[ Seluptio erat, MS. f/ fame's correction. ] 
V. K 



130 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Durham, fracta a paganis ; sed postea plumbo artifitiose paries erant 
reunitae. 

Insula Lindisfernensis con tine t 8. milliaria, 
Ecclesia et villa de Norham per Ecgredum episcopum aedi- 
ficatae et S. Cuthberto datae. 

Corpus S. Cuthberti delatum Cregam? ibi requievit 4. men- 
sibus, et postea delatum est Cestram. 

Hardeknute contulit S. Cuthberto totam terram inter Tese 
et Tine. Scottiin Mundingham pr ope Norham viri absorpti* 
propter terras S. Cuthberti ab eis spoliatas. 

Corpus S. Cuthberti requievit in Cestra annis n$.et postea 
apud Ripon 3. mensibus. 

Darlington. Stire nobilis vir dedit S. Cuthberto Darington cum perti- 
Lumlea villa, nenttis, et duas carucatas in Lumlea. 

Swaculf filius Kikelli dedit S. Cuthberto Bradebyri^ Mor- 
dun, Sockburn, Griseby cum saca et socna. 
Walkerus contulit Yarow cum pertinentiis. 
Waldeophus comes Northiimbr. dedit monachis de Yarow 
Tinmouthe. Gul. Rufus rex dedit Alverton S. Cuthberto. 
fo. 53 a. Hugo de Ponteaco c episcopus Dunelmen. fecit murum cas- 
telli in porta aquilonari usque partem australem. Hugo 
etiam fecit pontem de Elvet, turrim de Norham. 

Hugo fecit op\J>\idum apud Alverton. Hugo Sadbrigiam* 
eruit a Richardo rege. 

Waltherus episcopus Dunelmen. interfectus anno Dom. 
1080. 1080. et ejus episcopatus anno 9. sub quo monachi introducti 
erant in Dunelmum anno Dom. 1083. 7. Cal. Jun. feria 6. 
annis 89. ex quo corpus S. Cuthberti illuc delatum. 
Gul. Conquestor fecit Novum Castrum super Tinam. 
Leiland. Hoc opus Roberto Gul. Bastardi filio ascribitur. 
Canutus rex dedit S. Cutheberto Stanthorpe et Raby cum 
aliis terris. 

Epitaphium Matildae imperatricis. 

Ortu magna, viro major, sed maxima partu^ 
Hie jacet Henrici filia, sponsa, parens. 

[* Absorti, MS.] 



a Craike. b Allerton. 

c Hugh de Puiset or Puisac, otherwise Pudsey. d Sadbergh. 



PART XI 131 

Filia Henrici \ mi "* regis Angl. uxor. Henrici imperatoris, Durham. 
mater Henrici 2. regt's Angliae. 

Tilleredus abbas Heffereham dedit Yoden australe S. Cuth- 
berto. 

Gutheardus dictus episcopus praestitit plures villas cuidam 
Alfredo filio Birutuswici exulis, 

Elstanus rex Wermuth ausiralem cum suis appendiciis re- 
stituit S. Cuthberto. 

Chronica feretri S. Cuthberti. 

Robertus Courthose condidit Novum Castrum super Tinam. 

Sedes Ebor. post mortem S. Wilfridi primi vacavit annis 
30. quo tempore Lindisfarnenses episcopi Cotmannus, Aidanus 
et Finnanus dioecesim illam regebant. 

Aecfridus rex dedit Crege S. Cuthberto. 

Ethelstanus rex multa ornamenta ecclesiastica dedit mini- 
stris S. Cuthberti. 

Aethelstanus rex restituit S. Cutheberto australem Were- 
mouth cum undecim villis. 

Episcopi Dunelmenses a tempore Ludovici Bellemont. 

Richardus Byri consecratus 14. Call.Januarii anno Dom. 
I 333- obiit 8. Cal. Maii anno Dom. 1345. 1333. 

Thomas Hatfeld consecratus est n. Jul. videlicet 6. Idus fo. 53 b. 
Julii anno Dom. 1345., obiit i. Non. Maii anno Dom. 1381. 1345. 

Johannes Fordeham consecra. Nonis Januar. anno Dom. 
1381. et translahts est ad Eliensem 3. Non. Apr. anno 1389. 

Walterus Skirlaw consecra. 3. die Apri. anno Dom. 1389. 
obiit 8. Cal. Apr. anno Dom. 1406. 

Thomas Langele consecratus 7. die Maii anno Dom. 1406. 
obiit 28. d. Novembris anno Domini 1437. 

Robertus Neville translatus a sede Sarum consecra. 27. die 
Januarii anno Dom. 1437. Alii scribunt consecr. esse 8. die 
Apr. anno Dom. 1438. obiit 9. die Jul. anno Dom. 1457. 

Lawrentius South consecra. 25. die Septembris apud Shir- 
burn in Elvet anno Dom. 1457. translatus fuit ad sedem 
Ebor. die S. Firmini episcopi. 

Provocatus est rex Edwardus contra Antonium de Bek 
episcopum Dunelmensem, eo quod -\pacem inter ipsum et 

[* MS. has in.] 

[t race inter ipsum et Priore m. rege in intam non, MS.] 



132 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Durham. Prior em mediante rege initam non observasset, et ex aliis 
caussis cum hac castrum Bernardi cum pertinentiis ab eo 
abstulit, et comiti de Warwik coniulit, Hert et Hertnesse 
Roberto de Clifford, Kevreston* Galfrido de Hertilpole, quae 
episcopus habuit ex forisfactura Joannis de Balliolo, Roberti 
de Bruse, et Christophori de Seton. In charta tamen dicti 
regis addebatur istud verbum, salvo jure ecclesiae Dunelmensis. 
Thomas Melsanbe Prior Dunel. fabricavit eccl. Dunelmen. 
de novo adjuvante Nicolao Fernham episcopo Dunelmen. prius 
reginae medico* 

1264. Anno Domini 1264. Hugo de Derlington Prior Dunelmen. 
fecit mag. campanile, parcos de Beaurepair et Muggeleswik, 
stagnum de Fery Pitington, Benliffe, Mukelinge. Ille fecit 
manerium de Ketton, capellam,\ aulam et cameras de eodem, 
cameras de Pitington, West- Stow et Wardlaw, postea a Scottis 

Brown: flu. destructas. Fecit insuper cameram de Mugleswik, aquam de 

Divernesse. Devernensset et de Brown. 

1408. Ab anno Dom. 1408. usque ad annum Dom. 1498. ex- 
pendebantur ad aedificationem claustri Dunelmen. 838. //. 17. 
sol. et ob. ex quibus Waltenis Skirlaw dedit 600. libras; ex 
quibus episcopus vivens 200. eo mortuo executores 400. 
fo. 54 a. Skyrlaw dedit etiam ad constructionem dormitorii 350. 
marcas. Aquae ductus in cellarium derivatus anno Dom. 
1433. Blakeburne descendit \ in Horselehopbournef inde 
Horselehopbourne descendit in Derwent in orientali parte, 
sicut Hawkesburn descendit in Roneleshopbourne, et inde 
sicut Roneleshopbourn descendit de Derwent. 



Owt of a Table in the Chapell of S ... 
withe in Barnard's Castell. 

Yorkshire. Cest mejnoratum avint le an del incarnation mil e deus 

1233. cenz e trentre troys al entre del an el secunde moys tut droyt 

le quart j or de Fefrer. dune trepassa le franc gerrer Alen le 

seignur de Galweyth. Pries ad dieu ke sa alme lui playse. 

Amen. 



[* Medici, MS.] 
[J Descen, MS.] 



Keverston. 



[t Capella, aule, MS.] 
[ Hawkesbarn, MS.] 



b The burne of Horsley-hope. 



PART XI 133 

Things lernyd out of a Petigre of the L. Scrope. 

Walter le Scrop the first that was memorable of that 
name. The fifthe in descent aftar Water was Philipe, and 
he lefte 2. dowghtars that were maried, and died witheout 
issue. 

Simon was brother to the aforesayde Philip, and was 
heire, and had isswe male. Philip and Simon ly buried in 
the southe porche sydes of Wencelaw paroche on Ure a 
mile or more above Midleham. 

Henry le Scrop was in the beginning of the reigne of 
Edward the 3. a Baron of the Eskeker and * made a lord 
of the Parliament, and dyenge was buried in the beginning 
of Edward the 3. dayes at S. Agathas by Richmont, where 
dyvers othar of that name were beried. 

The Chanons of Seint Agathas tooke one Roaldus for 
theyr originall foundar. Som thinke thatf he was of the 
Scropes, some thinke rather nay. 

Henry Lorde Scrope had a brother caulled Geffray, 
partaininge to the law, and he was made Lorde Scrope of 
Massham. 

Richard Lorde Scrope was Chauncelar of England in Scrope 
Richard the 2. dayes. This Richard made out of the grownd Chanselar. 
the castle of Bolton of 4. greate stronge towres and of good 
lodgyngs. It was a makynge xviii. yeres, and the chargys of 
the buyldinge cam by yere to 1000. marks. 

One Blaunche dowghtar to Michael de la Pole was maried 
to this Richard. This Richard had a sonne caullyd Gulielme, fo. 54 b. 
whom Kynge Richard the 2. made Earle of Willeshere. He 
was aftar behedyd, and had no isswe. Yet Richard lyved, 
and thowghe he wer not restoryd to his office of Chaun- 
selar, yet was he made Threasorer to the Kynge, and dyed Scrope 
in honor. Treasurar. 

Some of the Scropes wer buryed at S. Agathas by Riche- 
mount, and moaste of late dayes at Bolton. 

There were of the Scrops of the Plessyes, and of the 
Frankes buried in the Grey Friers at Richemount. 

One Robert Tipetote died in Edward the 3. days, and he 
had 3. dowghtars and heires, whereof one was maried to 

[* The MS. has "Edw. 2," and a meaningless figure 3 after "and."] 
[t The, MS.] 



i 3 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Le Scrop,* and by this Tipetote Le Scrope had the castell 
of Langham in Notinghamshire, where was a principall 
howse of the Tipetots. 

William Scrope and heire of the Scropes f afore they were 
lords, and the Lord Neville were founders of the . . . 

One Robertus de -veteri ponte was Lorde of Appleby in 
Kynge John's tyme, and so was one of them in the first 
yeres of Edward the i . 

Radulphus filius Ranulphi was Lorde of Midleham, and 
lefte 2. dowghtars. Mari the elder was maried to Nevile, 
Johan to Tateshall, and he dyenge witheowt isswe the hole 
cam to Nevile. 

Snape lordshipe, where now the Lord Latimer dwellithe, 
was Fitz Randols. 

The innar parte of the castle of Midleham was buildyd or 
ever it came to the Neviles hands. 

Mounteacute Erie of Saresbyry was Lorde of Perithe 
Castle. 

Yorkshire. Richard Lord Scrope that buildid Bolton Castle boute 
the heire generall of S. Quintine that was ownar of Hornby 
Castle in Richemountshire. 

This Richard was content that one Coniers a sarvant of 
his shuld have the preferment of this warde ; and so he had 
Horneby Castle. 

Gul. Coniers the first lorde of that name, grauntfathar to 
fo. 56 a, error hym that is now, dyd great coste on Horneby Castle. It 
for fo. 55. was before but a meane thinge. 

There standithe the ruine of a castlet, or pill, in the toppe 
of an hill, and is callid Penhil. It standythe a 2. mills from 
Midleham. It longed to Rafe Fitz Randol, as Midleham dyd. 

The fayre bridge of 3. or 4. arches that is on Ure at 
Wencelaw, a mile, or more, above Midleham, was made 
200. yer^ago and more by one caullyd Alwine, parson of 
Wencelaw. 

Sepul. archiepiscoporum in orient, parte ecclesiae. 

1277. Walterus Giffart obiit 7. CaL Maii anno Dom. 1277. 
1153. Henry Murdak obiit anno Dom. 1153. 

[* Lelcrop, MS.] 

[t See continuation of notes from the Scrope pedigree on p. 137.] 



PART XI 135 

Gerardus obiit 12. Cal.Jun. anno Dom. 1108. Yorkshire. 

Defuit inscriptio. 1 108. 

Joannes de Thoresby, quondam Menevensis, postea Wigorn. 
et Ebor. archiepiscopus^ qui fabricam . . . obiit 6. die Nov- 

embris anno Dom. 1373. 1373. 

Thomas junior obiit anno Dom. 1113. 5. Idtis Mart. 1113. 

Johan. Romanus obiit anno Dom. 1295. 1295. 

In bore. lat. Capel. S. Mar. 

Rotheram archiepiscopus fuit cancellarius Angliae et 
Franciae. Obiit 29. die Maii anno Dom. 1500. 15- 

Georgius Nevile archiepiscopus obiit apud Blitheborow 
redeundo ad ecclesiam suam anno Dom. 1476. 1476. 

In Sacello S . . . 

Thomas de Masham dominus de Scrope, vir nobilis, obiit 
. . . Fecit in sacdlo S . . . duas cantuarias. 

Henricus primogenitus Joannis Domini Le Scrope obiit 
infans. 

Philippa, uxor Henrici Domini Le Scrope et de Masham, 
filia Guidonis domini de Brieu, obiit 19. die Novembris anno 
1406. 

Dominus Joannes le Scrope de Upsaule* obiit anno Dom. 

1455- 

Stephanus Le Scrap, archidtaconus Richemond, obiit anno 
Domini 1418. 

Jacent et alii 2. ejusdem nominis extra sacellum, sed ante 
fores ejusdem. 

Salvage archiepiscopits Ebor. sepultus in choro in boreali f 5 6b - 
parte super altari* 

In australi ex traverso ecclesiae. Gualterus Grey. 

Wilhelmus de la Souche. Obiit anno Dom. 1352. 1352. 

Rogerus de Asc* fundavit monasterium monialium S. An- 
dreae t de Marig* in /undo sui patrimonii assensu domini sui Marrig. 
Warnerii filii Gummari, et concessione Conari comitis de 
Richemonte. 

[* Altaris, MS.] [t Andre, MS.] 

a Upsall. b Aske. c Marrik. 



136 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire. Ex libr. de archiepiscopis Ebor. eccks. usque ad mortem 

Thurstini, incerto autore. 

Paulinus i muf . archiepiscopus Ebor. tempore Sax. 

Edwinus rex Northumbr. fundator Eboracensis eccle. 

Paulinus fundator* eccl. Lincoln. 

Honorius consecratus in archiepiscopum Cantuar. a Paulino 
in eccl. Lincoln. 

Paulinus fugiens e Northumbr. barbarorum propter per- 
secutionem factus episcopus Rofensis, ibique mortuus est. 

Cedda 2. arch. Ebor. factus cum sedes vacasset proprio 
carens episcopo 30. annis. Hie Cedda ante fuerat abbas de 
Lestingei* Usus est episcopatu 3. annis, et postea amore 
quietis vitae honori cessit. Postea ab Wulphero Merc, rege 
factus est episcopus Lichefeldensis in ecclesia S. Mariae; sed 
post constructa ibidem ecclesia S. Petri ossa ejus eo translata. 

S. Wilfridus 3. arch. Ebor. Primo factus fuit ab Alch- 
frido, rege Berniciorum, episcopus Haugtistaldensis, postea ab 
Oswio factus archiepiscopus Ebor. 

Wilfridus exulabat inperio Ecfridi regis. 

Wilfridus factus episcopus Selesiensis? 

Wilfridus rursus factus episcopus Hagustaldensis? vixit in 
episcop. annis 45. 

Bosa 4. episcopus Ebor. rexit episcopatum 10. annis, et 
principio regni defunctus Ebor. sepultus est. 

S. Joannes quintus de gente Anglorum natalibus nobilis. 

Joannes bonis artibus instructus in monaster. de Streneshaul* 
Postea Joan, heremiticam vitam duxit in loco super ripam. 

fo. 65 a. t Isabell Percy weddyd to Gilbert de Acton. 

[* Fundatus, MS.] 

[t Here^StOw's own numbering of leaves makes a jump from 56 to 
65, and continues on to the end. Hearne, after thinking so much was 
lost, "changed his mind." But there is no doubt that the eight leaves 
are gone, the proof being that an index to the volume in Stow's own 
hand or one contemporary makes reference to the missing folios. 
The subject-matter of fo. 56 b concerns the Archbishops of York, being 
extracted from a book of York ; fo. 65 begins in the midst of a genea- 
logy of the Percys, probably a "petigre." The quire must have been 
dropped out before the volume was bound.] 



Lastingham. b Selsey, Sussex. c Hexham. d Strensall, 



PART XI 137 

Henry the 6. had 2. wives, Mary dowghtar to therle of 
Lancastar. The 2. was the Lady Lucy. She dyed witheowt 
ysswe. 

Mary had Henry the 7. Thomas Percy and Rafe. 

Henry the 7. dyed at the Batell of Shrewsbyry before his 
father. He was the 14. lorde. 

Henry the 7. had to wife Elisabethe, dowghtar to the 
Erie of Marche. 

They had Henry the 8. and Elisabethe weddyd to the 
Lorde Clifford. 

Henry the 8. the 2. Erie of Northumberland maried 
Elianor dowghtar to the Erie of Westmerland. 

They had Henry the ix. the 3. Erie. Thomas Percy Lord 
Egremount. 

Gul. Percy Bysshope of Carlile. Ser Richard Percy. 
George Percy. Katerin Percy that maried Edmund Lord 
Gray of Ruthen. Ser Rafe Percy Knight. John Percy 
buried at Whitby. John Percy dyed yonge. Anne Percy. 
Henry Percy died yong. Ser John Percy Knight. 

Out of a Petigre of the Lord Scrop. 

Lord Richard Scrope, builder of Bolton Castell, was sett 
with the Lord Spensar's doughtar his wyfe. 

Guliam sunn to Richard and Erie of Wilshire that was 
behedid by Henry the 4. was set withe his wyfe, Lady of 
the Isle of Man. 

Rogerus Scrop was set next with his wife dowghter to the 
Lord Tipetote. 

The Lord Tipetot that was in Edwarde the 4. dayes had 
suche lands as were left only to the heire mals of the 
auncienter Lorde Tipetote, that was in Edward the therd's 
dayes and Richard the second. 

Then was set Richard Scrope 2. and his wife, dowghtar 
to the Erie of Westmerland. 

Then was Henricus 2. set with his wife, dowghtar to the 
Lorde Scrope of Massham. 

Then was set John Scrope, Knight of the Gartar, and his fo. 65 b. 
wyfe, dowghtar to the Lord Fitzhughe. 

Then was set Henry Scrope the 3. and his wiffe, dowghtar 
to the Erie of Northumbarland. 



138 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Richemount- 
shire. 



Yorkshire. Then was set Henry Scrope the 4. and his wyffe, dowghtar 
to the Lord Scrope of Upshall, and his second wyfe, dowghtar 
to the Lorde of Dacre and Graystoke. This Henry had no 
ysswe by his first wyfe; but he had the Lord Scrope that is 
now by his second wyfe. 

And this Scrope hathe som by the Erie of Corberland's * 
dowghtar. 

The trewthe is that Richard Lord Scrope bowght of the 
kynge the 3. dowghtars and heyres of the Lorde Tiptote, 
whereof the eldest was maried to Roger his 2. sonne. The 

2. dowghtar was maried to William his eldist sonn, aftar 
Erie of Wilschere, by whom she had no ysswe, and aftar was 
maried to Wentworthe, by whome she had issue, and that 
parte of land the Lord Wentworthe hathe now. Stephan the 

3. sonn of Richard Scrope maried the yongest dowghtar, and 
the isswe of this Scrope remaynethe yet. 

Come Castell in the diecese of Wiceter. 

Ther be 5. wapentaks in Richemontshire, and the hole 
contery of Richemont in discribinge ofYorkeshire is countid 
in the Northe-Rydynge. 

Bysshops-Dale lyethe joyninge to the quarters of Craven. 

Ure cummith thrughe Wencedale adjoininge to Bisshops- 
Dale. 

The hed of Ure in a mosse about a myle above Coteren 
Hill is about a 14. miles above Midleham muche westward. 

The uppar parte of Wencedale is forest of redd dere, 
longgynge to the kynge. 

All the toppe of Coterne Hille, and somewhat farthar is 
fo. 66 a. in Richemondshire. And at the utter parte of the hill, or 
thereabout, is a bek cawlled Hell-Gille, because it rennithe 
in suchejpdeadely place. This gill commithe to Ure, and 
is divider of Richemont and Westmerland-Shires. 

There is no very notable bridge on Ure above Wencelaw a 
Bridge, a mile above Midleham and more. 

Bainbridge is above Wencelaw Bridge, Aiskar b Bridge 
above it, where Ure ryver faullethe very depe betwixt 2. 
scarry rokks. 

[* Sic, i.e., Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland, temp. Henry VIII.] 



Wensley. 



Aysgarth, 



PART XI 139 

There be a greate numbar of hopes, or small broks, that Yorkshire, 
cum into eche syde of Ure out of the rokky mountayns or 
evar it cum to Midleham. 

The bridge over Ure by Midleham is but of tymbar. 

About a mile benethe Gervalx* Abbay is a great old 
bridge of stone on Ure, caullyd Kilgram Bridge. Then 
almoste 4. miles to Mascham b Bridge of tymbar a litle by- 
nethe Masseham, and vi. miles lower Northbridge at the 
hether end of Ripon, it is of vii. arches of stone. And a 
qwartar ot a myle, or lesse, lower, Huwike Bridge 6 of 3. 
arches. Skelle cummithe in betwixt thes 2. bridges. 

Swadale d lyithe by yond Wencedale, and out of the hills 
rokks on eche syde cum many broks into Swale ryver. 

There is a fair bridge on Swale at Gronton "35. miles 
above Richemount; then Richemount bridge, and 3. miles 
lower Keterike f bridge of 4. arches of stone; then 5. mile 
to Morton bridge of wood; then 5. miles to Skiton g bridge 
of wod; then 3. miles to Topclif bridge of wood, and a 3. 
mils to Thorton h bridg of stone, and . . . miles to Miton, 1 
whereabout it goithe into Ure. 

There be 4. or 5. parks about Midleham, and longing to 
it, whereof som be reasonably wooddyd. 

There is meatly good wood about Ure Vaulx Abbay. 

Bolton Village and castell is 4. miles from Midleham. 
The castell standithe on a roke syde; and all the sub- 
staunce of the lodgyngs [in] * it be includyd in 4. principall 
towres. Yt was an 18. yeres in buildynge, and the expencis 
of every yere came to 1000. marks. It was finichid or 
Kynge Richard the 2. dyed. 

One thinge I muche notyd in the haulle of Bolton, how fo. 66 b. 
chimeneys were conveyed by tunnells made on the syds of 
the wauls bytwixt the lights in the haull; and by this 
meanes, and by no lovers, is the smoke of the harthe in the 
hawle wonder strangly convayed. 

Moste parte of the tymber that was occupied in buyld- 

[* Added by Hearne.] 



Jervaulx. b Masham. Bridge Hewick. 

d Swaledale. e Grinton. * Catterick. 

8 Skipton-upon-Swale. h Thornton, l Myton-upon-Swale, 



140 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, ynge of this castell was fett out of the forest of Engleby in 
Cumberland, and Richard Lord Scrope for conveyaunce of 
it had layde by the way dyvers drawghts of oxen to cary it 
from place to place till it cam to Bolton. 

There is a very fayre cloke at Bolton cum motu soils et 
Lunae, and othar conclusyons. 

Ther is a parke waullyd withe stone at Bolton. 

Ther is a hille withe a leade mine 2. miles beyond Bolton. 

Ther be some vaynes of coles found in the upper parte of 
the west montaines of Richemontshire, but they be not usyd 
for incomoditie of cariage to the lower parte. 

Moste of the coale that be occupied about the quartars 
of Richemount toune be fetched from Rayle Pitts toward 
the quartars of Akeland. 

The vaynes of the se coles ly sometyme open apon clives 
of the se, as round about Coket Island and othar shores; 
and they, as some will, be properly caullyd se coale; but 
they be not so good as the coles that are diggyd in the 
inner parte of the lande. 

The vayne of coales somtyme lyethe as a yarde depe of 
the substaunce of the coale. Sometyme the vayne it selfe is 
an ele in depthe, somtyme the hole heithe of a man, and 
that is a principall vayne. 

The crafte is to cum to it with leste paine in depe digg- 
inge. Some vaynes of coales ly under rokks and heades of 
stones : as some suppose that coales ly undar the very rokks 
that the minstar close of Duresme standithe on. 

I redde in a booke at my Lord Scrops that Lucy, Fitz- 
Gualtar, Haverington and Multon were heires to the Lord 
Egremont's lands. 

fo. 67 a. And-J^red in the same booke the claymes of rights of 
privilegis that Joannes de Britannia Earle of Richemont 
required bothe for his shire and towne of Richemount, as in 
makynge of writts at his courts, and liberties of his burge 
withe 2. faires in the yere at it, and gayle by hymselfe for 
his shire. And besyde fre warren in his grounds and forest 
ground in Wencedale with dyvers othar. 

I rede in the same boke that Joannes de Britan : Erie of 
Richemont withe Beatrix his wife dyd compact withe the 
Prior of Egleston that vi. chanons shuld synge and be per- 
petually resydent in the castle of Richemount, 



PART XI 141 

Baronia de Gaunt partita inter Rogerum de Kerdeston, et 
Jiilianam* de Gaunt, et Petrum de Manley, heredes Gilberti 
de Gaunt. Patet recorda de anno 19. Edwardi i. 

Anastasia f uxor Radiilphi Fitzrandol. Robertas Tateshal 
Dominus Baroniae de Tateshal in Lincolnshire. 

Part of the lands of Great Badelesmer of Kent cam to 
the Lord Scrope by mariage. 

Genealogia comitum Richemont. Yorkshire. 

Eudo, comes Britanniae ante conquestum, filius Galfridi r / eSf 
duds, genuit $.filios successive post eum praesidentes Britan. 
Alanum, dictum Rufttm vel Fregaunt, qui venit in Angliam 
cum Gul. Bastard. 

Gul. Bastard auxilio Matildis reginae suae dedit Alano 
honorem et comitatum J comitis Edwini in Eborashiria, qui 
inde vocatus Richemont. 

Hie Alanus incepit facere castrum et munitionem juxta 
manerium suum de Gillinge pro tuitione suorum contra 
Anglos exheredatos et Danos; et nominavit dictum castrum 
patria || lingua Richemount, i.e. montem divitem. Hie obiit 
sine exitu corporis sui, et sepultus est apud S. Edmundum. 

Alanus niger ejus f rater success it ei in honorem Richemont ', 
cujus gubernat. an. 16. quidam miles Acharias, filius Bardolfi, 
fundavit monaster. apud Fors in Wendeslay Dale, quod postea 
translatum est ad Witton per Stephanum comitem, et voca- 
batur^ Jorvalis. Hie Alanus niger obiit sine liberis. Steph- 
anus ejus f rater successit ei. Stephene genuit filium nomine 
Alanum, et obiit anno Dom. 1164. Sepultus fuit apud fo. 67 b. 
Beger.** Cor ejus sepultum est in monaster. S. Mariae 
juxta Ebor. quod ipse prius construxerat et ampliss. possess. 
donaverat-\\ anno Dom. 1088. 

Alanus filius Stephani obiit in Britann. 3. April, anno 
Dom. 1 1 66. 

Conanus filius Alani comitis Britann. et Richemont 
comitis successit. Hie accepit in uxorem Margaretam Gul. 

[* Juliana, MS.] [t Annastastia, MS.] 

[t Comitattm, MS.] [ In, MS.] 

[|| Patia, MS.] [IT Comite, et vocatur, MS.] 

[** Begar, near Richmond, Yorkshire, a cell to Begar in Brittany, 
[tt Donavit, MS.] 



142 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, regis Scotiae filiam, ex qua genuit Constantiam, quam Gal- 
fredus frater Richardi i. regis Angl. accept! in uxorem. Hie 
Conanus aedificavit turrim magnam in castro Richemont. 
Obiit in Britann. et sepultus est apud Begar anno Dom. 
1170. 

Constantia filia Conani ex Galfredo genuit Arthurum, 
quern Joannes rex Angl. occidi fecit. Constantia postea nupsit 
Ranulpho cotniti, a quo divortiata est propter adulterium, et 
postea nupsit Guidoni Tearcho,* et ex eo gemdt filiam no- 
mine Adeliciam, quae f post mortem parentum remansit in 
custodia regis Fraunciae; et postea nupsit Domino. Petro 
Manclerk militi suo cum J Britannia. Obiit in Britann. 
sepulta apud Begar anno Dom. 1201. 

Adelicia obiit in Britann. et sepulta est apud Plonarmel 
anno Dom. 1221. 

Joannes, filius Adeliciae, obiit in Britan. anno Dom. 1214. 
Nunquam fuit comes. 

Joannes, filius Joannis, comes Richemont desponsavit 
Beatricem filiam Henrici regis, ex qua genuit Arthurum, 
Petrum et Joannem. Occisus fuit Lugduni in coronat. 
dementis pontif. Ro. anno Dom. 1305. ibidemque sepultus 
est. Arthurus dux Britan. sed non comes Richemont \ filius 
Beatricis obiit in Britan. et sepultus est apud Plonarmel 
anno Dom. 1311. 

Johannes, frater Arthuri comitis,^ obiit in Britan. sepultus 
apud Vanes 3 - anno Dom. 1330. 

Joannes, filius Arthuri comitis, obiit in Britann. sepultus 
Plonarmel anno Dom. 1341. 

Sepulchra nobilium in eccles. de Ripon. 
In boreali parte insulae transm"j.\\ 

Two tombes withe ymagis of the Markenfelds and theyr 
fo. 68 a. wyves. And a tumbe of one of the Malories in the southe 

[* Guy de Toarche, or Thouars. (Dugdale, Bar., i, 493.)] 
[t Adelicia, quern, MS.] [J Sic.} 

[ Arthurus comes, MS.] 
[|| Perhaps transepti, Hearne; it is not clear.] 



* Vannes. 



PART XI 143 

parte of the crosse in a chapell: and without, as I herd, Yorkshire. 
lyethe dyvers of them undar flate stones. 

On the northe syde of the Quiere. 

Ranulphus Picot obiit anno Dom. 1503. 

S. Wilfridi reliquiae sub arcu prope mag, altare sepultae, 
nuper sitblatae. 

There be v. fayre arches in the syde isles of the body of 
the churche. 

The body selfe of the churche is very wyde, and was a 
late new buildyd, especially by one . . . Prebendary of the 
same churche. Sence I hard say he was but paymastar of 
the works. 

In the crosse isle on eche part be 2. or 3. arches. 

Inscriptio: in novo muro Capellae S. Mariae Ripitoni. 

S. Cuthebertus episcopus* Lindifarnensis hicfuit monachus. 

S. Eata archiepiscopus Ebor. hie fuit monachus. 

S. Wilfridus archiepiscopus Ebor. hie fuit monachus et i . 
abbas. 

S. Willebrordus archiepiscopus Walretensis hicfuit mon- 
achus. 

Nid ryver risethe muche by west 5. miles above Pateley Nid ryver. 
bridge of wood, a litle a this syde a chapell caullyd Midle- 
more, and as I could learne it is in the paroche of Kirkeby 
Malesart. 

From Patley bridge and village, a membar of Ripon 
paroche, to Newbridge of tymber 3. miles. Thens to Killing- 
hal bridge of one great arche of stone 3. miles, and 3. miles 
to Gnaresbrughe, where first is the west bridge of 3. arches 
of stone, and then a litle lower Marche bridge of 3. arches. 
Bothe thes bridges serve the towne of Knaresborow. Gribo- 
lolbridge is about a mile benethe Marche bridge, and is of 
one very greate bridge for one bowe. Then to Washeford a 
bridge a 4. miles, it is of a 4. arches. Then to Catalle b 
bridge of tymebar a 2. miles, to Skipbridge of tymbar and 

[* Episcopis, MS.] 



Walshford. b Catal. 



144 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Yorkshire, a great caussy. The last and lowest bridge on Nidde is this 

Skipbridg. 

fo. 68 b. This cawsey by Skipbridge towards Yorke hathe a 19. small 
bridges on it for avoydinge and over passynge carres cum- 
ming out of the mores thereby. One Blakefburne],* that was 
twys Maior of Yorke, made this cawsey, and a nothar with- 
out one of the suburbs of Yorke. This Blakeburne hathe a 
solemne obiit in the minstar of Yorke, and a cantuari at 
Richemond. 

This Blakeburne had very onthrifty children; wherefore 
he made at Yorke 4. cantuaries at Alhowen in the Northe 
Strete, and as many at Alhalow in the Thauimen.f 

The hed of Cover is muche by west a 6. miles above 
Coverham Priorie, and a very litle above this priorye over 
Cover is a bridge, and thens scant 2. miles it goithe som- 
what benethe Midleham Bridge into Ure. a 

Ther is no notable thinge to speke of from the head of 
Cover to Coverham Priorie. 

Bowrne risethe at a place by west in the west hills caullid 
More Heade, and thens goithe into Ure a litle benethe 
Massenham bridge and towne on Ure. 

Agayne the mouthe of this on the othar syde of Yore 
ryver lyethe Aldeburg village. 

And a mile farthar by est liethe Thorpe, one of Mastar 
Danby's howses. Howbeit he hathe one that he more oc- 
cupiethe at Farnbey a 2. miles from Leeds. 

There be 2. lordshipps lyenge not very far from Ripon, 
that is Norton Conyers and Hutton Coniers. Norton hathe 
Northeton Coniers, and Malory hathe Hutton Coniers. Thes 
lands cam to theyr aunciters by two dowghtars, heirs generall 
of that Coniers. 

Malory hathe an othar place caullyd Highe Studly a litle 
from Fontaines. There be 3. Studeleys togethar: Highe, 
Midle and Lowe. 

Plomton of Plomton a mile from Gnaresburghe. 

[* No blank here, but half the name was omitted.] 
[t Sit, but should be " Pavement," *>., the Church of All Saints 
on the Pavement.] 



a Ure or Yore r. 



PART XI 



Northum- 
berland. 



This Plomton hathe by the heire generall a good parte of Yorkshire, 
the Babthorps lands: but Babthorpe the lawyer kepithe 
Babthorpe selfe, that is, as I remembar, in Holdernesse. 

Markenfilde dwellith at Markenfelde," and his manar place fo. 69 a. 
berithe his name. 

Wiville dwellithe a litle above Masseham on the farther 
ripe of Ure. 

The Lorde Lovelle had a castelle at Killerby within a 
quartar of a mile of the Ripe citerioris of Swale a myle 
benethe Keterike Bridge. 

There appere gret ruines. 

Mastar Metecalfe hierithe the lordeshipe of the Kinge. 
Som say that ther cam watar by conductus into the topps 
of som of the towres. 

There was a howse at Barwike ordinis S. Trinitatis ; but 
Antony Beke, Bysshope of Duresme, destroyid it, and then 
one William Wakefilde mastar of the howse in Barwike at 
the defacinge of it cam to New Castelle, and by the aide of 
Gul. Acton and Laurence Acton bretherne, bothe mar- 
chaunts of New Castell, buildid within the towne of New 
Castell a howse of the religion S. Trinitatis^ where Wake- 
feld hymself was first master. 

There cum diverse smaul broks ripa ulter. into Weland or Rutland, 
evar it rennithe by Rikingham. b 

Litle Eye cummith into Weland halfe a mile benethe 
Rokingham Bridg ripa ulteriori, and this broke is limes be- 
twixt Leircestershire and Ruthelandshire. 

Wrete or Wrek c cummithe into Weland halfe a myle 
benethe Colyweston Bridge ripa superiori. There is a bridge 
archid with stone at Ketton a mile above the place where it 
enterith into Weland. / 

Washe cummethe from a litle above Okam d in Rutheland, 
and thens a 8. mile to Byry Casterton, c where is a bridge of 
3. arches, and then a mile, or more, to Newstede Bridge, 
and sone after into Weland. 

Bridges on Weland ryver bynethe Rokingham Bridge. 
Coliweston, Stanford, Uffington, Westdepinge, Estdeping, 
Croiland. 



Markingfield. 
d Oakham. 



b Rockingham. 



Wreak r. 



Great Casterton. 



v. 



146 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Westmor- Thyngs learnyd of a man of Westmerland. 

There is a greate broke caulled Owse Water, a in Westmer- 
land. The hede of this watar lyethe about a myle by west 
from the hedde of Loder, that cummethe by Shap Priorye. 
The place where it risethe is caullyd Mardale. First it ren- 
fo. 69 b. nith aboute halfe a mile in a narow botom, and then stagnescit, 
makinge a poole b of a 2. mils in lenght, and then it cum- 
mithe again in alveum, and so renninge halfe a mile, it goithe 
by Bampton village strait into Loder. c 

Bampton is 3. mils lower then Shap. 

The poole cummith agayne to a narow botom, and be- 
twixt the lower end of the poole and the mouthe of Ose 
into Loder is a bridge of stone. 

On Loder be no more bridges of stone but Shap Bridge 
a this syde Browgham. 

Ther be about halfe a mile lower then Brougham on the 
west ripe of Aymote d ryver, hard by the ripe, certeyne caves 
withe in a rokke, as haul chaumbers and othar necesary 
romes. 

The castell of Pendragon is by the farther ripe of Suale, 
and ther the ryver is a marche betwixt Richemontshire and 
Westmarland. 

Pendragon is not far distaunt from the very hed of Swale. 
Ther standithe yet muche of this castell. 

Gentlemen of name in Westmerland. 
Loder. 
Mosgrave. 
Thwarton. 
Sandeford. 
Sawkille. 

Yorkshire. The way on Watlyngestrete from Borow Bridge to Carlil. 

Wattelyngestrete lyethe about a myle of from Gillinge and 
3. miles from Richemount. 

From Borow Bridg to Caterike 16. miles, xii. to Lemig, 6 

a Hawes Waterbeck. b Hawes Water. c Lowther r. 

d Eamont r. c Leming. 



PART XI 



a pore village, and vi. to Caterike. Thens x. good miles to Westmor- 
Gretey, a then v. miles to Bowes, a very excedinge poore land, 
thorowghe fayre, and viii. myle to Burgh b on Stane More, 
and * v. so to Appleby about a 4. miles, and v. to Browham c 
where the strete cummithe thrughe Whinfelle Parke, and 
ovar the bridgs on Eimote and Loder, and levinge Perithe d a 
quartar of a mile or more on the west syde of it goithe to 
Cairluell xvii. miles from Brougham. 

The toune of Brougham is now very bare, and very ill fo. 70 a. 
buyldyd. Yt hathe bene some very notable thinge. 

Eydon c ryver rennythe within a quartar of a myle of 
Broughe. 

Mayden Castell, where now is nothinge but an hille diked, 
is harde on the est syde of Wathelynge Strete, v. miles a this 
syde Browgh. 

Robert Englyshe and Thomas Thirland, Maiors of Noting- Notts, 
ham, and riche marchaunts, buryed in S. Marie's Churche. 

There were vi. or vii. gates in the towne waulle, now all Notyngkam. 
be downe save 3. 

S. John Hospitall almoste downe without the towne. 

The Gray and White Friers. 

As far as I can lerne the chefest howse of the Chaundose Chaundoz. 
that they had in England was at Cowberley in Wileshire. Cowberkehy. 

Syns I red that the name was Cow, and of Berkeley Cow- 
berkley. 

Chandois had fayre pocessions in Gascoyne, and of them 
he had paiment owt of the Kyng's Eskeker. 

Ther were dyvars knyghts of fame of the Chaundos afore 
the tyme of hym that was in Edward the 3. dayes a noble 
warriour. This Chandois dyed witheout ysswe, and left his 
two systars heires, whereof one was maried to Bridgs, and 
the othar to Pole. 

Bridges had Cowberle and othar lands to the some of 
300. marks by the yere. 

Poole had Rodburne f withein 4. myles of Darby, and 
othar 300. marks of land by yere. 

[' Sic.} 



Greta. 

d Penrith. 



b Brough. 
8 Eden r. 



Brougham. 
f Rad bourne. 



148 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Chaundois in his old writyngs namithe hymselfe vice- 
comitem S. Salvatoris. 

Chaundois had lands in or about Herfordshire. And he 
was foundar, as I remembar, of Goldclyve Priorye in Walles, 
and here, as I thinke, was his first and chefe howse. 

The olde howse of Rodburne is no greate thinge, but the 
laste Chaundois began in the same lordshipe a mighty large 
howse of stone withe a wonderfull cost, as it yet aperithe by 
foundations of a man's height standinge yet as he left 
them. He had thowght to have made of his olde place a 
colledge. 

fo. 70 b. The Earle of Rutheland in sum old writyngs is cawlyd 
Lorde Turbur. 

Owt of an old boke that the Erles of Ruthland hathe. 

Leyland In the yere of owr Lorde 734. Alfredus tertius Merc, rex 

thinkithe all in the * yere of his reigne cam to the stronge castell of 

this to be Albanac nere Grantham, and there desyryd to have for wyfe 

one of the 3. dowghtars of Guliam de Abanac, wherapon 

Gul. desired him to tary all night at his castle, and in the 

morninge Gul. brought his eldist dowghtar namyd Adeline 

starke naked in the one hand, and a swerde draune in the 

othar. His wyffe led the 2. caullyd Etheldred. Guliam, sone 

to William, led in one hand the 3. dowghtar caullid Maude, 

and a swerde in the othar. 

Guliam the father then said to the Kynge Alfrid: Sir, 
heire be my 3. doughters, chese to wyfe whiche ye liste; but 
rather then ye shuld have any of them to your concubine I 
wold sle her with my owne hands. The kynge answerid that 
he ment to take one of them to wife, and chose Etheldrede 
that had fat bottoks, and of her he had Alurede that wan 
first all the Saxons the monarchy of England. 



Leic. Line. Ex antiquo Codice monasterii de Bella 

Beavoure. Robertas de Toterneio, fundator monasterii de Beauvoir, 
jacet in capitulo. 

Et juxta eum Gul. de Albeneio i . scilicet Brito, in parte 
boreali. 

[* Year omitted.] 

[t Belvoir, on the edge of two counties. ] 



PART XI 149 

Item in veteri eccl. ante crucem jacet Gul. de Albeneio 2. 
scilicet Mechines. Et juxta eum Adeliza uxor ejus in parte 
australi,* Et 2. uxor ejus Cecilia jacet sub muro veteris eccles. 
Gul. de Albeneio $. jacet apud Novum locum, et cor ejus sub 
muro contra summum altare de Bever in parte boreali. 

Gul. 4. jacet ante summum altare de Bever, et cor ejus 
apud Croxton. 

Odonellus de Albeneio jacet in occidentali f parte capituli. fo. 71 a. 

Et juxta eum jacet Matildis de Unframville, mater ejus. 

Et juxta earn % jacet Albreda Biseth uxor Gul. 4. 

Robertus de Ros jacet apud Kirkham. viscera autem ejus 
ante summum altare de Bever juxta corpus Gul. 4. de 
Albeneio, ex parte austr. qui obiit 16. die Kal. Junii anno 
Dom. 1285. 

Isabella, uxor Roberti de Ros, jacet apud Novum locum 
juxta Staunford, obiitque anno Dom. i3O3. 

//. Gul. de Ros,filius ejus, jacet apud Kirkham. 

Item Matildis Vaus, uxor dicti Gul. jacet apud Penleney, et 
viscera ejus in capella S. Mariae, scilicet in pariete. 

Matildis, uxor Jacobi Domini de Ros, jacet in pariete inter 
Capell. b. Mariae et presbiterium. 

Anno Domini 1459. nata fuit Margareta, filia Thomae do- 
mini de Ros, apud Blakeney i. die Jul. 

Anno Dom. 1427. natusfuit Thomas, primogenitus T/iomae 
domini de -Ros, apud castrum de Cunnesborow? 

Anno Dom. 1429. natus Richardus, filius Thomae domini 
de Ros, apud castrum de Belvero. 

Hie supra scriptum Henricus de Albeneio. 

Robertus de Toterneio, fundator Prioratus de Belvar, obiit 
2. Nonas Augusti. 

Petrus de Valloniis, fundator eccl. de By ham, obiit 13. Call* 
Aprilis. 

Prioratus de Belvero cella monaster. S. Albani. 

[* Australy, MS.] [t Occidenti, MS.] 

[J Eum, Monast. Angl., torn, i, p. 328, b. 24 (ed. 1682). Hearne.} 
[ 1301, Mon. Angl., loc. cit. Hearne.'] 



Conisbrough Castle. 



150 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Beds. Inscript. tumuli in eccle. S. Pauli: 

De Bello-campo jacet hie sub marmore Simon 
fundator de Newenham.* 

The prebendaries of S. Paules at Bedeford had theyr 
howsys round about circuite of S. Paule's churche. 

There remayne yet in Bedeforde howses of prebends now 
longynge to Lyncolne Churche. 

Roisia, wyfe to Paganus de Bello-campo, and mothar to 
Simon, convertyd the Chanons irregular of Bedford into 
Chanons regular. 

Symon de Bello-campo translatyd them to Newnham. 
fo. 71 b. Paganus de Bello-campo had the barony of Bedford gyven 
to hym aftar the Conquest. 

Bothe the hospitalls in Bedford were of the towns men 
foundations. They of late dayes, for bringinge theyr fee- 
ferme frome XL. pound to 20. pound, gave the title and 
patronage of one of them to Ser Reynald Bray. 

Roisia was founderes of Chiksand in Bedfordshire, and 
there was she buried in the chapter howse. 

Cawdewell Priory, a a litle without Bedford, was of the 
foundation of the Beauchamps. 

The barony of Bedforde was devided at the last emongs 
3. dowghtars of the last Beauchaump. 

Mowlbray had the eldest. 

The Lord Latimer bought the lands of the 2. 

The third was maried to one Straunge. 

Straunge's parte cam to 2. dowghtars. Pigot maried the 
one, and Pateshul the othar. A pece of Pateshul's parte is 
come to S. John. 

Fol. 72. vacat. 

In navi ecclesiae Warwike.-\ 
fo. 73 a. Johannes Rouse capell. cantuar. de Gibclif? qui super por- 

[* See vol. i, p. 100.] 

[t See vol. ii, p. 151. Most of the notes on this fo. 73 will be found 
as utilized by Leland in Part V (vol. ii), pp. 42-44 ; see the note on 
P- 43-1 

a Caldwell Abbey. b Guy's cliff. 



\ 



PART XI 151 

ticum australem hujus eccl. librarian construxit, et libris Warwicks. 
ornavit. Obiit 14. die mensis Januarii anno Dom. 1491. 1491. 

This Rowse was of the howse of the Rousis of Ragley by 
Alcester, as it is supposed. 

He bearethe 3. crouns in his armes. 

William Barswelle,* Dene of Warwike, and one of the exe- 
cutors of the testament of Erie Richard Becham, that saw 
the new buyldynge of the college, and the buyldynge of owr 
Lady Chapell finishid, that were begon in Richard Erie of 
Warwyke tyme. 

Johannes Tunstall, miles. 

In australi insula navis eccl. 

Power armiger. 

Hungfordi 3. avus, pater, filius, heiresf of Edmund's- 
Cote a halfe mile or more by este out of the towne. 

Bewfo^ an esquier, to whom parte of Hu[n]gford's lands 
descendyd. 

In transepto eccl. 

Thomas de Bello-campo, comes Warwike. 

Gul. Peito dominus de Chesterton et ejus uxor. Peto. 

Richard Erie of Warwike lay wher Alestre, Deane of 
Warwike, lyethe at the west ende of the Lady Chaple with- 
out. 

Haseley, schole-mastar to Henry the 7. and Deane of 
Warwyke. He translatid Erie Richard, and he lyeth ther 
also buryed. 

In owr Lady Chapell. 

One of the Lorde Latimers at the west end of it without 
stone, or writynge. Kylled at a feld; some say Egcote b by 
Banberye. 

[* Berkswell, Dean of the collegiate church ; see Dugdale's Warwick- 
shire, 1656, p. 353.] 

[t Stow seems to have intended "lorell," but the word is "heires" 
in vol. ii, p. 42.] 

[J Beaufort, see vol. ii, p. 42.] [ Obus, MS.] 



Emscote. b Edgcott. 



152 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwicks. Epitaphium* Richardi comitis Warwyke. 

Pray devoutly for the sowle, whom God asseyle, of one of 
the moaste worshipfull Knyghts in his dayes of manhod 
and connynge, Richard Beauchampe, late Erie of War- 
wike, Lord Dispenser of Bergeveny, and of many othar 
great Lordships, whos body restithe here under this tombe 
in a full fayre vaulte of stone, set in the bare rocke: the 
whiche visyted with longe sycknes in the Castle of Rohan 
therin deceasyd full christianly the last day of Aprile in the 
1439. yere of owr Lord God a 1439. he beinge at that tyme 
Livetenaunt Generall of Fraunce, and of the Duchye of 
fo. 73 b. Normandye, by sufficient auctoritie of owr Sovereigne Kynge 
Henry the 6. The whiche body with great deliberation 
and worshipfull conducte by sea and by land was browght 
to Warwyke the fowrthe of Octobar the yere abovesayde, 
and was leyde with full solempne exequies in a fayre chest 
made of stone in the west dore of this chapell, accordynge 
to his last wylle and testament, therin to rest tyll this 
chapell by hym devisid in his lyfe wer made. All the 
whiche chapell foundyd on the rocke, and all the mem- 
bers ther of his executors dyd fully make and apparail by 
the aucthorytie of his sayde last will and testament; and 
thereaftar by the sayde autoritie they dyd translate wor- 
shipfullye the sayd body into the vault above sayde. 
Honoryd be God therefore. 

Owt of the glase wyndowes in owr Lady Chappell. 

Elisabethe, dowghtar and heyre to Thomas Lord Berkley 
et de Isle, first wyfe to Richard Beauchamp, Earle of War- 
wyke. This woman had by hym 3. dowghtars : 

Margaret that was maried to John Earle of Shrewsbery, 
cawlled Lord Talbot and Furneval. 

Alienor the 2. maried to Edmond Beauforte and of 
Somerset. 

Elisabeth the 3. maried to George Nevile Lord Latimer. 

Isabell 2. wyfe to Erie Richard Domina de Spencer, de 
Glamorgan and Morgannok. 

[* Epitaphie Richardy, MS.] 



PART XI 153 

Henry Duke of Warwyke, sonne and heire to Richard Warwicks. 
and Isabell the first Duke of Warwyke, the whiche maried 
Cecile, dowghtar to Richard Nevile, Earle of Salesberie. 

Anne, dowghtar to Erie Richard and Isabell, maried to 
Richard Nevill, sonne and heire to Richard Neville, Erie of 
Saresbyry. 

In chore, 

Thomas de Bello-campo> comes Warwike, pater Thomae 
comitis et avus Richardi; et uxor Thomae ibidem in eodem 
tumulo. 

Catarina, primogenita ejusdem Thomae^ jacet sub piano 
marmore ad ejus caput.* 

Olde Erie Thomas, grauntfathar to Richard Erie of War- 
wyke, was cawser that [the] new quier of the Collegiate 
Churche of owr Lady in Warwyke was newly reedified by 
the executors of his testament. The mansyon of the olde 
denry and colledge stode where the est southe est parte of 
the churche yarde is now. 

The new is of a latar buyldynge. 

V. prebendaries and a deane. 

Seint Marie the chefe parishe churche collegiatid, and no fo. 74 a. 
mo within the towne. The chapell of Seint Peter over the 
est gate a prebend to Seint Marie's. 

The chappell over the west gate of Seint [James], a 
prebend. 

A fraternitie of Seint George, and a litle college with 
priests on the northe syde of the west gate. Sum say that 
Richard Bechamp was a setter forward of this; and the same 
Earle Richard convertid the hermitage of Gibclif,* into 
2. cantuaries, and erectid a new chapell there. 

The northe gate at Warwyke is faullen downe. 

The bridge servithe for the southe gate. It hathe xii. 
arches. 

Hereford b wher is a greate stone bridge over Avon a 2. 
myles lower. 

The castell stondethe harde by the bridge of the towne, 

[* Costa, MS.] 
Guy's cliff. b Barford. 



154 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Warwike 
Castle was 
rased downe 
by H. the 3. 
in the 48. 
yere of his 
reigne. 

Warwicks. 



fo. 74 b. 
Stowre River. 



Sttdley Castle. 



it is set on an huge mayne rokke. The est front hathe 3. 
towers. The kepe stondithe in mines by weste. There be 
a 3. towers besyde in the castle. The Kynge now buildith 
strongly on the southe syde, and there is all the fayre lodg- 
ynge of the castle. Kynge Richard the 3. began a stronge 
peace for artelerie on the northe syde of the castle. There 
be 2. goodly stretes in Warwyke. The Highe Strete (wherin 
is a goodly crosse) is est and west. The othar strete from 
northe to sowthe. The suburbe by este is cawled Smithes 
Streate, and at the ende of it was an hospitall of Seint John. 
The suburbe without the bridge by southe is cawled the 
Bridge Ende; and here is a chapell of Seint John, that 
longed to Seint John's at London. The suburbe be west is 
cawlled the West End. Ther is a suburbe by northe, in 
this was a master and bretherne of an hospitall or colledge 
of Seint Michell. Now it is muche in ruine, and taken for 
a fre chapell. There is also in the southe syde of the towne 
witheout the walls a parishe churche of Seint Nicolas, an- 
nexid as a prebend to Seint Maries. Rogerus de Bello- 
Mount, Earle of Warwike, translatyd the colledge out of the 
castle to Seint Maries. The Blake Friers stoode in the 
suburbs of the towne. Ther is a parke hard by Warwike 
longynge to the castle. 

From Warwike to Coventrie viii. myles, 4. miles to Kyl- 
lyngworthe, and 4. to Coventrie. From Warwyke to Liche- 
filde xxiiii. myles by Coleshille. From Warwyke to Stratforde 
upon Avon 7. miles. From Warwike to Hanley a market 
towne, where be ruines of a castell, a vi. mylls. From 
Warwyke to Dudley Castle 20. myles. 

Stowre in Warwykeshire within a 3. miles of Charle- 
cote. 

Chesterton, Peito's maner, a 4. myles from Warwyke. 

The lordeshipe of Sudeley in Glocestershire longed to the 
Botelars that were western men. 

One Rafe Boteler Lord Sudeley buylded the castle of 
Sudeley aboute the tyme of Henry the 6. and Edward 
the 4.* 

Butlar Lorde Sudley was emprisoned in Edwarde the 4. 
dayes, wherupon he resignid his castle into the hands of 



[* See vol. ii, pp. 55, 56.] 



PART XI 155 

Kynge Edward. This castle cam aftar to Caspar Duke of Warwicks. 
Bedforde that kept howshold in it. 

The hawle of Sudley Castle glased with rownd beralls. 

The Tracyes hold Todington lordshipe and othar lands 
by the gyfte of the Botelers. 

Bovy Thracy in Devonshire * longged to Thracyes of 
Toddyngton, but it was sold to the Erie of Devonshire. Ther wer 
One told me that the Lorde Suddeley was Lorde of Hanley ?i P^rt 65 at 
a marke towne and castle in Warwykeshire,f and that 
Mastar Belknape muche laboryd to have it restoryd unto 
hym as his heire. 

The Lord Sudleys and Mountforts were taken for foundars 
of the Blacke Friers in Oxforde. 

Wedenok a Parke nere to Warwik by northe, and longynge 
to Warwyke Castle. 

Grove Parke thereby, and Haseley Parke also. 

Edmonds Cote b bridge of stone about halfe a myle above 
Warwyke on Avon. 

Berforde c bridge of viii. arches ovar Avon. 

Fulbroke Parke on the northe syde of Berford, about 
halfe a myle of on the ryght banke of Avon. Ther was in it 
a castlet of stone and brike, wherin, as I hard say, some- 
tyme the Duke of Bedforde lay; and a litle lodge callyd 
Bergeiney Gate. This castell stoode bremlye in the sight of 
Warwyke Castle, and was a cawse of harte-brinynge. 

Compton of late dayes rasyd muche of it, bringynge parte 
to Commeton toward buildynge of his howse, and some 
parte he gave awaye. 

Telesforde d a priorie of Maturin Friers Order Seint Tri- 
nite of the foundation of the Lucies, wherein divers of them 
wer buryed. 

Marke that the moaste parte of Warwykeshire that 
stondithe on the lefte hond, or banke, of Avon, as the ryver 
dessendethe, is called Arden, and this contrye is not so fo. 75 a. 
plentifull of corne, but of grasse and woode. Suche parte of 

[* Stow wrote " Dorset," a later hand corrects it.] 
[t This seems to be an error for Worcestershire. ] 



Wedgnock. b Emscote. c Barford. 4 Thelsford, 



156 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Warwikeshire as lyethe by sowthe on the lefte hand, or 
banke, of Avon is Daren of woode, but plentifull of corne. 
Ther is a priory of nonnes 3. myles from Warwyke. 

Gloucester. Ex inscriptionibus in occidentals parte Glocester Churche, 

Osricus rex primus foundator of that monastary in anno 
681. Domini DCLXxxi. for nuns. 

Saynt Arild Virgin, martired at Kinton, ny to Thorn- 
berye, by one Muncius a tiraunt, who cut of hir heade 
becawse she would not consent to lye withe hym. She was 
translatyd to this monasterye, and hathe done great 
miracles. 

The great southe ysle of Gloucestar churche was made 
by oblations done at the tombe of Kynge Edward the 
Second. 

Roger Lacye Erie of Hereford. 

Roger Lord Berkley. 

Hugo de Portu. Helias Giffard. 

Mastar John Mangeant, Chanon of Herford, wer monks 
of Gloucestar. 

Bernulf, Kynge of Merche, bringethe in seculer chanons 
and clerks, gyvynge pocessions and lyberties to them. 

Kynge Canute for ill lyvynge expellyd seculer clerks, and 
by the counsell of Wolstane Bysshope of Wurcestar bring- 
ethe in monkes. 

Aldred, Bysshope of Worcester, translatyd to Yorke, tak- 
ynge a great parte of the lands of Glocestar to reedyfie the 
same. 

A noble lord, callyd Wolphin Lekne, for 7. pristes kylled, 
had penaunce to find 7. monks at Glocestar. 

William Conquerar gave Glocestar Abbay * decayed to his 
chaplen Serlo. 

Osrik first under kynge and lorde of this contrie, and the 
Kynge of Northumberland, with the licens of Ethelrede, 
Kynge of Mercia, first foundyd this monasterye. 

Osrike by the counsell of Bosel firste Bysshope of Wor- 
cester putteth in nunes, and makethe Kineburge his sister 
abbas. 

[* I have made several corrections in these notes on Gloucester 
Abbey from the narrative founded on them in vol. ii, pp. 60, 61.] 



PART XI 157 

3. noble wemen, Kineburge, Edburge, and Eva Quenes Gloucester, 
of Merchie, and only abbesses for the tymes of nunes, the 
whiche was 84. yeres. The nunes wer ravyshed and fo. 75 b. 
dryven away by warres betwixt Egbbert and Kynge of the 
Marche. 

Albredus, B. of Wircestar, dedicated the Church of 1058. 
Glocestar, whiche he had builded from the foundation to 
S. Petar, and by the Kyng's licens obteyned, constituted 
Wulstan abbot there.* 

Kynge William Conquerar gave, and his sonns also, 
liberties and pocessions to the monastarie of Glocestar. 

Thomas Archebysshope of Yorke restoryd the land, the 
whiche Aldrede wrongfully dyd withhold. 

Hanley f and Farley abbats made owr lady chapell. 

Horton Abbas made the northe syde of the crosse isle. 

The sowthe syde of the crosse isle made by offeryngs 
at the tombe of Kynge Edward the 2. 

Abbote Sebroke made a great peace of the belle towre in 
the midle of the quiere. 

Abbate Froncester buryed at the west ende of the quiere 
made the cloistar. 

Abbate Morwent made the new west end of the churche, 
and the goodly porche by north. 

Gamage a knight of Wales and his wife wer buried at the Gamage 
southe west side witheout the qwere. Knyght. 

Osburne celerar made a late a sqware towre by northe 
west the churche yarde in Abbate Malverne, alias Parker's 
tyme. 

Robert Courthose is buried in the Presbitere. 

Some thinke that Stranbowe's a wyf Countis of Pembroke 
lay where Abbot Malvern had his tombe. 

Sudeley Castell sold to Kynge Edward the 4. 

From Winchelescombe b to Twekesbyrie 7. myles. 

To Worcester 14. mils. 

To Persore ix. mils. 

[* This paragraph is written on the margin at bottom of fo. 75 a.] 
[t Hanley, Hamley, or Hauley; his name is uncertain. Abbot in 
1447-1 



11 Strongbow. 



b Winchcombe. 



158 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

To Cirencester 15. miles. 

To Glocester xii. myles. 

To Eovesham 7. miles or 8. 

To Southam 3. mils. 

Sowtham longed to one Goodman, nowe to Hudelstan. 

From Southam to Chilteham a market 5. miles. It longed 
to Tewkesberye. A broke; 2. brokes more. 

To Glocestar vi. miles. 

In Glocestar ar n. pariche churches. Seint Ewines with- 
fo. 76 a. out the suburbe. The abbey churche. Seint Oswalde. The 
Graye and Blake Friers within the towne. The White Frers. 
Seint Margaret, and Seint Magdalen's hospitales without 
the towne, Seint Margaret's bettar endevved. Bartolome's 
hospital beyond one of the bridgs, 30. poore folke. One 
Pouncevolt b lythe in the bodye of the church there, a greate 
benefactor to it. 

K. Henry the 3. and Stephen de Harnshull * knight 
foundyd the Blake Frers anno dom. 1239. 

Lorde Barkley foundyd the Whit Friers. 

vii. arches in the first bridge; one in a gut bridge be- 
yond; v. arches in a bridge upon a pece of Severne; 4. in 
the cawse; 3. in a nother place, beside othar viii. at the 
ende. 

Northe gate. Ailes gate by est. South gate. West gate 
beyonde the 2. first bridges new builded. Lands gyven by 
Henry the 8, Belle, and othar men to mayntayne the cawsies 
and bridges at f Glocester. 

Howsys longginge to the Abbat of Glocestar. 

Pinkenes c 3. miles of by est with a goodly parke. 
The vinyarde by west at the cawsey's end. 
Hartebyriby d northe-west [4] miles of. 

[* Stow has here a blank, but he copied " Harnshull " in the narra- 
tive, vol. ii, p. 58.] 
[t MS., "and."] 



a Cheltenham. b Pancefoote, see vol. ii, p. 59. 

Prinkness, now Prinknash Park. 

d Hartpury. See also vol. ii, p. 62. Erroneously confused with 
Hartbury in my Index to that vol. 






PART XI 159 

No bridge on Severne byneth Glocestar. Gloucester. 

Newenham a village 8. miles bynethe Glocestar ripa dextra 
in the forest of Dene. There the watar at full se is halfe a 
myle over. A 2. myls lower the water at full se is a myle 
more ovar. 

Barkeley an 18. miles from Glocestar, somewhat distaunt 
from Severne. 

Thorneberye b a 22. myles, not very farre from Severne 
on a creke goynge up to it. 

From Glocestar to Brightstow 30. myles by land, 40. by 
water and more. 

No bridge from Glocestar to Twexberye. Ther a bridge. 
To Avon a litle above the towne. 

Fowre myles above Twekexberye a stone bridge, but none 
on Avon. 

Inscriptions in capitulo * Glocester eccle. 

Hie jacet Richard Strongbowe,filius Gilberti Earle of Pem- 
broke. 

Hie jacet Philippus de Fox t miles. 

Hie jacet Bernardus de Novo Mercato. 

Hie jacet Paganus de Cadurcis. 

Hlc jacet Adam de Cadurcis. fo. 76 b. 

Hie jacet Robertus Curtus. 

Froncester a lordshipe of a c. marke a yere 8. miles from 
Glocester, a myle beyond Standeley priory. 

These howses of whit monks were made and erectid of [Seven Cister- 
houses of a religion cawllid fratres grisei, an order that tian houses. 
was afore the conquest. L> 'J 

Buldewas in Shropshir apon the right banke of Severn 
hard by it. It is 7. mils from Shrobbesbyri. 
Neth in Wals. 

Basinge Werke in Flintshire. 
Bukfast. d 

[ Capta, MS.] [f Foye. See vol. ii, p. 61.] 



* Newnham. b Thornbury. c Buildwas. 

a Buckfastleigh. 



i6o 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gloucesters. 



Herefords. 



Owen Tuder. 



Bordesley in the forest of Fekenham in Worcesterschere. 

Stratforde Langethorn in Est-Sex. 

Rogerus Erie of Hereforde founder of Flaxley in the 
Forest of Deene. There was a brother of Rogers Erie of 
Hereford that was kyllyd withe an arow in huntynge in the 
very place where the abbay syns was made. There was a 
table of this matier hanggid up in the abbay churche of 
Flexeley. There was a bysshope of Hereford that holp 
muche to the building of Flexley. 

Matildis Walerie founderes, as some say, of Acornbyry, a 
priorie of nuns in Acornbyry a Wood, 3. miles by sowth from 
Hereforde. 

Fercher and Coryn, fathar and mothar to Seint Brendane 

Hereford, the abbate, were buryed of olde tyme in the very place 

where now is made a new churche for the whole towne. 

Ther is yet in the west end of the pariche churche a token 

of the olde tombe. 

Owen Meridek, corruptly cawlled Owen Thider, fathar 
to Edmund Erie of Richemount, and graund-fathar to Kynge 
Henry the seventhe, buried in the Grey Freres in the northe 
syde of the body of the churche in a chapell. 

Richard Stradel, Doctor of Divinitie in Oxforde, and Ab- 
bat of Dowre, wrote Omelies upon the Pater Noster, and 
upon the whole text of the Evangelystes. He flowrished in 
the tyme of Edward . . .* 

There cam in the tyme of Ser Thomas Cantelope 3. friers 
prechars to Hereford, and by the favour of William Cante- 
lope, brothar to Bysshope Cantelupe, they set up a little 
oratorie at Portfelde, but Bysshope Thomas toke that place 
from the friers. Then one Syr John Daniell havynge a litle 
place in the northe suburbe, let them have the use of it. 
Then the Bysshope of Hereforde gave them a plot of ground 
hard by Daniel's place, and ther they began to builde, and 
make a solempne pece of work, Daniell helpynge them. But 
then the Barons Warrs by Thomas of Lancastar began agayne 
Edward the 2, and Daniell was taken and beheadyd in Here- 
ford by Edward the 2. and his body was buried at the great 

[* Edward III. Straddel was living in 1330, according to Dugdale, . 
Mon., v, 553.] 

a Aconbury. 



fo. 77 a. 



Portfild is in 
the In[n]e 
Gate Suburbe 
of Heriford. 



PART XI 



161 



crosse in the minstar cemiteri of Hereforde. Then ceased Herefords. 
the worke of the Blacke Friers colledge for a while, and BlakeFriars 
then Kynge Edward the third holpe it, and aftar was at the in Hereford. 
dedication of it with many noble men, at the whiche tyme 
one Alexandar Bagle, Bysshope of Chestar,* dyed atHeriford, 
and the kynge cam to his funeralls there. The bysshope was 
buried in the quiere of the Blake Freres undar a goodly flate 
stone. 

Episcopi Hereforden. 

Thomas de Cantilupo sedit annis 7. obiit 1282. 
Richardus Swinfeld sedit annis 34. 
Ade Orleton natus in Hereforde, sedit annis 10. 
Thomas Chorleton (Tresurar of England) sedit annis 14. 
Johannes Trillek sedit ann. 16. et dim. 
Johannes Gilbert sedit ann. \T ) .fuitettranslatusinMeneviam. 
Ludovicus Chorleton t 8 ann. 
Guiliam Corteney 5 et dim. 
Johannes Tresvaunt.% 
Robertus Marshall. 

Edmundus Lacy but elect, and translated to Excestar 1420. 
Thomas Polton sedit an. uno et quar. 
Thomas Spoford sedit ann. 26. 
Richardus Beauchampe sedit 2. ann. et quart. 
Reginaldus Bulers. 
Johannes Stainbyri. 

Thomas Myning. fo. 77 b. 

Edmund Audeley, translated to Salysbury 1502. 
Hadrianus Castellensis cardinalis. 
Richardus Mayew sedit ann. 1 1 et dim. 

Carolus Bothe sedit ann. 18. et 5. mens. IS 1 ?- 

Edwardus Fox. I535- 

Edmundus Bonher 
Joannes Skip.\\ 1539- 

[* There seems to be some error here ; I do not find this bishop in 
either Le Neve or Stubbs.] 

[t Choleto, MS., i.e., Charlton.] 

[t Trefnaunt probably in Leland's original. ] 

[ Bonner was elected Bishop of Hereford in 1538, but before he 
could take possession was translated to London. Dr. J. Gairdner in 
Die. Nat. Biog.] 

[II Scipio in margin. ] 

V. M 



l62 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Herefords. Thomas de Cantilupe theologiae doctor Oxon. archid. Sta- 
forden. et cancellar. Henry 3. sedit ann. 6. menses* n. dies 
1282. 8. obiit 8. calend. September anno Dom. 1282. Vacavit sed. 
3. moniths and 6. dayes. 

Swynfilde doctor theologiae, consecratus 7. die Marche anno 

1316. Dom. 1282. Obiit Ides of Marche Anno Dom. 1316. /Vae- 
fuit ann. 34. ;%m.y. 3. <# 13. 

1317. ,$?.*/. Non. Jul. anno Dom. 1317. Adam Orleton, natus 
Hertford: decret. doctor^ consecratus f episcopus Hertford: 
26. d/V mensis Septembar sedit annis 10. w^^. 2. 



1079. 
1094. 
1 1 02. 



1115- 

Galfridus de 
Cliva. 



Richard hie 
de morte 
Galfridi. 
fo. 78 a. 

1131. 

1148. 



1163, 



Zte episcopis Herefordensibus tempore W. Conquerar. 

Anno Domini \Q f } f }, \tempore William Conquerar obit Wal- 
terus episcopus Hereforden: quinto anno regni Guillelmi. 

Anno Dom. 1055. combustio ecclesiae cathedralis per Gri- 
phinum, et Algarum, filium Leofrici comitis Merc. 

Anno Dom. 1079. Robertus de Loreing foetus est episcopus 
Hereford; qui obit anno Dom. 1094. 6. Calend.^ Julii, cut 
successit Gerardus. Obit Gerardus anno Dom. 1102. 

Successit ReynalduS) alias Reynelmus, ut inscribitur sepul- 
chro. Gulielmus Malmesbiriensis dicit Gerardum translatum 
fuisse ab Herford ad sedem Eboracum. 

Reynaldus obiit anno Dom. 1115. 5. Calend. November ^ 
cui successit in episcopatu Richardus de Capella. 

Sed secundum Guilhelmum Malmesbiriensem successit Rey- 
naldo Galfridus, et Galfrido successit Richardus Ciericus 
privati sigilli. 

Anno Dom. 1127. 17. Call. Septembar obit Richardus de 
Capella^ cui successit Galfridus de Clive. 

Robertus de Betune factus episcopus Hereford^ ante Prior 
de Lantonie prima^ anno Domini 1131. 

Obiit Robertus Betune anno Domini 1148. 10. Calend. 
Maii. Successit Gilbertus Folioth abbas Gloucestriae. 

Translatus est Gilbertus Folioth ad sedem London, anno 
Dom. 1163. Et electus est eodem anno Robertus Melun in 
episcopum Hereford. 

[* Mense, MS.] [t Doctori cons cor, MS.] 

[t Stow got wrong here with dates, and corrected the first from 1077 
to 1070 instead of the second, which he made 1078 and then 1055. The 
last is right ; Walter died in 1079 according to Stubhs.l 
[ Callend., MS.] 



PART XI 163 

Anno Dom. 1167. obiit Robertus de Melun. penul. Febr. 1167. 
alias 3. Calend. Mart., cui successit Robertus Folioth^ qui Herefords. 
ecclesiam abbat. de Wigmore, per nobilem virum Hugonem de 
Mortimer ftindatam, dedicavit, et diversa jocalia dedit eidem 
ecclesiae die dedications * ejusdem. 

Obiit Robertus Folioth episcopus Herforden: nono^ die 
Maii anno Dom. 1 186. Successit GuL de Ver. Obiit Guliam \ 1186. 
de Vere 24. die Decembris anno Dom. 1200. 1200. 

Successit Aegidius de Bresa, quo anno obiit S, Hugo 
episcopus Lincolne. 

Anno Dom. 1215. 17. die Novembar, id / 15. Calend. 1215. 
Decembar, obit Aegidius episcopus Herforden. Successit Hugo 
de Mappenor. Obiit Hugo de Mappenor anno Dom. 1219. 1219. 

Successit Hugo Folioth. Obiit Hugo Folioth anno Dom. 1234. 
1234. 7. Calend. August. Successit Radulphus de Maydene- Radulphus 
stan. Dictus Radulphus Maidenston 6". anno episcopatus sui ante d* can - 
factus est fratar Minor anno Dom. 1239. et supervixit annis 
5. diebus 35. Successit Petrus de Aqua Blancha Saubaudus. **' 

Anno Dom. i268.|| die November Petrus de Aqua Blancha 
obiit. 

Successit Johannes Brueton. Obiit Brueton anno Dom. 
1245.1" 12. die Maii, id est 4. Idus Maii.** 1245.11 

Successit Thomas de Cantilupo. Thomas de Cantilupo 
consecratus d Robert Kylwarbye archebysshope of Cantor- 
berye at Cantorbery in the Feaste of the Nativltie of owr 
blissed Ladye, anno Dom. 1275. Obiit Cantilupus ad urbem 1275. 
veterem ft crasttno Barptolemaei, cujus ossa delata ab ecclesia 
S. Seven' in urbe veteri Herefordiam. Successit Richard 
Swinesfild, qui ossa Cantilupi transtulit a capella beatae 
Mariae Hereforde ad capellam S. Joannis Baptistae ejusdem 
ecclesiae. Tandem rursum translatum corpus Cantilupi a 
Joanne Trilleke episcopo Hereford, in capellam S. Maryae 8. 
Calend. Novembar anno dom. \T>^.%%et abobitu Cantilupi &i* 



[* Decationis, MS.] 

[t Nona, supplied by Hearne to Stow's blank. ] 

[ Guliam, MS.] [ 11 est, MS.] 

[|| Stow wrote and then crossed out this date, which is, however, 

correct.] 

[IT Error for 1275.] 

* Ide May, MS.] [ft Heame says In Hetruria.} 

[+%. Stow wrote 1349, doubtless following Leland, then crossed it out. 

Writers differ as to the date of Cantilupe's post mortem translation.] 



164 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



1316. Richard Swinsfeld obiit anno Dom. 1316. die 5. Gregorii 
Herefords. Pont. Ro. apud Bosburie. Sedit annis 34. Sepultus est 

pompa max. in Herifordensi ecclesia. 

fo. 78 b. Anno Dom. 1317. Johannes 22. Pont. Romanus contulit 
in magistrum Adam de Orleton, natum Hereforde, decretorum 
doctorem, episcopatum Hereforden* Consecratus est Avinioni 
Id. Maii. Trans latus est Wigorn. et postea Win ton. Obiit 
i&.fut. anno Dom. [i34S].f 

Translatus fuit Orleton ad Wigorniam per Pont. Ro. qui 
Herefordensem ecclesiam dedit Thomae Chorleton anno domini 
1327. 1327. Obiit Chorleton \\Januarii i343-t 

Ex schedula episcopor. Hereforden. 

Petrus de Aqua Blancha et alii alienigenae expulsi sunt de 
1262. Angl. per Barones apud Dover anno Domini 1262. 

Radulphus de Maydenstane ex episcopo Hereforden. factus 
fratrum Minorum. 



Construct 
collegii fra- 
trum Mi- 
norum Oxon. 



1265. 



Ex chronico Antonini de Radulpho Maidestan. 

In tantum autem J fratres illi fuerunt in partibus illis 
sanctitate famosi, ut monachellus tile, qui fuit ibi primus 
receptus ad ord. Minorum, sed et dominus Radulphus epi- 
scopus Heriforden. et quidam abbas cum multis aliis ordine 
intrarunt, et tarn humiliter conversati sunt, ut et ipse episcopus 
et abbas lapides portarent pro constructione conventus. 

Hactenus ex Antonino. 

Stetit autem Radulphus Maidestan tandem in conventu 
Glocestriae. Ibi obiit et sepultus est. 

Anno Dom. 1265. obiit Dominus Gualterus de Cantilupo 
episcopus Wigornii, et f rater ^ D. Gul.de Cantilupo militis 
et seneschalli illustrissimi regis Angliae.*^ Henrici 3. ac patris 
S. Thomae Hereforden. episcopi. 

[* Contulit i magestar Adam de Orleton natus Hereforde decretorum 
doctori episcopi Hereforden, MS.] 

[t Dates supplied by Hearne, from Godwin's De Praesulibus.} 
[J Ante, MS.] [ Construxtio, Mynorum, MS.] 

[|| See Godwin^ p. 512.] [IF Reges Angli, MS.] 



PART XI 165 

Edwardus Senior^ filius Alfredi regj's, construxit Her- Hertford 
fordiam. foundyd. 

Anno Dom. 1079. combust a est Herford ab Wallensibus Alias 
cum ecclesia Seint Ethelberti martyris ; quo tempore multi I0 55- 
illius eccksiae minis fri gladiis fitnestis occubuerunt pariter Heref r ds. 
cum episcopo. 

Robertas Lotharingus episcopus Herefordensis defloravit 
Chronicon Mariani, teste Guli. Malmesbery, Gelbertus 
Folliot ex abbate Glocestri: episcopus Hereforden. 

Gilbertus adversabatur maxime Thomae Beketo archi- fo. 793. 
episcopo Cantuar. Thomas Beket discipulus * in scholis Ro- 
berto de Melun. 

Mention is made of Robert Folioth in vita Thomas 
Beket, ubi numeratur inter eruditos. 

Guliam Vere episcopus Hereforden. plurima aedificia in 
episcopatu construxit. 

Hugo Folioth, Bisshope of Herford, made 2. cantuaries 
in Seint Catarine's Chapell of the southe syde of Herford 
Churche cloister, and the Hospitall of Seint Catrine at 
Ledburie. 

Thomas Cantilupe bought lands, and gave them to his 
chirche. Thomas Chorleton episcopus Heryford: Treasurar 
of Yngland. 

Orleton gave Shiningfeld a parsonage in Barkeshire to the 
fabrike of Hereford Churche. 

Alicia mater Gulhelmi Ver episcopi Herford. 

Ex libra Martyrologii ecclesiae f Herifordensis. 

The xviii. Calend. Februarii obitus Wuluivae et Godivae, 
quae dederunt ecclesiae Hereford : Hopam? Prestonam, Pioniam 4. ista maneria 
et Northonam. virina oppido 

Radulphus Maidestan c primus appropriavit ecclesiam de Her f orden - 
Beysham, alias Cellach, in comit. Herford. eccl. Herfordensi, 
hoc lege ut quilibet% canonicus praesens in suprema missa 
pecuniolam reciperet. 

[* Discipulis, MS.] 

[t Ex libri matyr olegii eccli, MS.] [t Qui/ifrus, MS.] 



Shinfield. > Hope. 

c R. Maidcstone, bishop 1234. 



1 66 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



S. Mary 
Mounthaunt, 
Broken 
Wharfe, in 
London. 
Herefords, 



Whit Friers. 
fo. 79 b. 

1420. 



Radulphus Maidestan emit aedes de Mounthaunte prope 
Broken Warth London: et dedit episcopis successoribus suis. 
Eynno* Herforden: habet jus patronatus ecclesiae S.Mariae 
de Mounthante? 

Johannes Trillek episcopus Herforden: max. impensis 
transtulit ossa Thomae Cantilupi. 

Johannes Gilbert translatus ad sedem Menevcn. 

Gul. Courteney translatus ad London. 

Johannes Tuefnaunf\ episcopus Hertford., ante Canon, 
ecclesiae Assaphi. et auditor causarum camerae apostolicae. 

Robertus Maschal episcopus Herford. ante Carmel. Hie 
aedifica-vit chorum fratrum Carmelit. et presbiterium apud 
London. Aedificavit ibidem campanile eccl. Carmel. et multa 
oratoria % eidem eccl. contulit, et ibidem in lapide alabastrite 
sepultus. 

Edmundus de Laceie, electus tempore schismatis, translatus 
ad sedem Excestrensem in the yere of Christ 1420. in the 
8. of H. the 5. 

Thomas Polto\n\ translatus ad . . . 

Thomas Spoford episcopus Hereforden. primo abbas Seint 
Marie Eborac. dein episcopus Rofensis electus, sed ante con- 
secrat. translatus ad Hereford. Sepultus est Spoford Ebor. in 
Mariano monasterio. 

Richard de Bello-campo translatyd from Heriford to 
Salisburye. 

Reginaldus Butler translatus ab Herford ad Chester. 

Johannes Stanbury Carmel. translatus a Bangor ad Her- 
ford. 

Thomas Milling^ doctus theologus, et linguae Graecae 
gnarus, ex abbate Westmonaster : factus Herforde: episcopus. 
Fuit compater Edwardi principisfilii Edwardi 4. et ei a con- 
siliis. Fuit magnus amator sacrorum musicorum, quorum 
numerum doctum alebat. 

[* Is this a contemporary member of a border family, Einon? See 

Leland in Wales, p. 38.] 

[t Trevenant, bishop in 1389. Stubbs.] [{ Oraterea, MS.] 

[ First to Chichester, and afterwards to Worcester ; he held all three 

bishoprics within six years.] [|| Thos. Milling, bishop 1474.] 



St. Mary, MounthaWf 



PART XI 167 

Edmund Audley * primum f Rofensis, postea Herforden. Herefords. 
novem circiter annis demum translatus ad Sarisberye. Aedifi- 
cavit sacellum adjunctum capellae S. . . . in Herforden. eccl. 
et cantuariam in eo fundavit. 

Hadrianus Castellemis cardi: translatus ab Herford: ad 
Bath. 

Richard Maiew,J Archedecon of Oxford, Chauncelor of 
Oxford, praeses colleg. Magd. Oxon. elemosinarius Henrid 7. 
orator in Hispania pro Catarina uxore Arthurii. 

Charles Bouth Archedeacon of Buckyngham, and Chaun- 
selar of the Marchis of Wales, aftarward Bysshope of Her- 
forde. 

Edmunde Bonher translatyd to be Bysshope of London. || 

Ex vita S. Osithae Virgin and Martir, autore Vero Essex. 

Canon, fani S. Osithae ^[ in Estsex. 

Ositha filia Fredewaldi regis, et Wilburgae Pendae regis 
filiae. Ositha adhaesit doctrinae Edithae et Edburgae, qua- 
rum neptis erat. 

Fredewaldus rex paganus. 

Editha domina de Ailesbirie> quam villam non ex patris fo. 80 a. 
dono, sed extortam matris adepta gaudebat. 

Ositha famulabatur Edithae in Ailesbiry. 

Edburga, soror Edithae^ habitabat apud Edburbiry, quae 
a nomine virginis, quae vico praevidebat, nomen hoc sortita 
est, ab Ailesbyri* decem stadiis interfluum habens amnem, qui 
saepe turgidus inundatione pluviarum et ventorum inpulsione 
itinerantibus molestum fadt transitum. 

Ositha) quae secreto virginitatem deo voverat^ inperio patris 
nupsit Sihero Christiana ** regi orient. Anglorum. 

Eccha et Bedewinus presbyteri designati ab Wilburga regina 
curae Osithae. 

Siherus rex instituebat Eccham et Bedewimim tanquam 

[* Bishop of Hereford, 1480-1492.] [t Primis, MS.] 

[t R. Mayew, Bishop of Hereford, 1504 to 1516.] 

[ C. Booth, bishop 1516 to 1535.] 

[|| See before, p. 161 note.} 

[IT William de Vere, brother of Aubrey, first Earl of Oxford.] 

[** Chrisliatio, MS.] 

a Aylesbury. 



1 68 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gaiesdine in 
litore^. Tami- 
sini marts 
apud Est- 
Saxones. 



Essex, episcopos aut parochiales presbyteros a Chelmeresforde* iisque 
ad Chic, et alibi pos tea late per provinciam suam, 

Editha * et Bedewinus baptizabant in eccl. apostolorum 
Petri et Pauli, publica tune temporis ejus regionis sepultura 
propter eccl. penuriam in coemitrio Petri et Fault, 

Siherus rex ardet rem habere cum Ositha, sed ilia recu- 
sando f rem habere distulit. 

Dum Siherus venationi studet, Ositha absente viro velo 
caput consecrat. 

Locus qui dicitur Gaiesdine ex re nomen habens, quia 
dicunt ibi Gaium applicuisse. Siherus rex exoratus votum 
virginitatis, quod voverat Ositha velo induto, aequo animo 
fert. 

Siherus rex donavit Osithae villam suam de Chic? 

Ositha diutinis laboribus et multiformi inpensarum in- 
pendio in Chic fabricari fecit ecclesiam in honorem apostolorum 
Petri et Pawli, necnon et aedificia sanctimonialium usibus 
commoda, miro lathomorum opere distincta. Gens de North- 
umbria et de Halmeresfolke. 

Inguare et Hubba spoliant monasterium || Osithae in Chic. 

Osithae caput amputatum tyrannide Ingwer et Ubbae ad 
fontem prope Chich, ubi solebat se cum virginibus lavare. 

Passa est anno Dom. 600. 2. Non. Octobris. Corpus 
Osithae sepultum ante introitum chori eccl. Petri et Pauli. 

Mauritius episcopus London, transtulit corpus Osithae in 
orient, partem mag. altaris \ eccl. apostolorum Petri et Pauli 
in Chic. 

Gul. Corboile archiepiscopus Cantuar. fabricata Cantuaria 
argentea theca transtulit in earn partem reliquiarum Osith. 
Hie Gulhelmus archiepiscopus ante fuerat institutor Canon- 
icorum non Regularium in Chic, et primus Prior eorundem. 

Successit Mauritio episcopo London. Richard de Beaumeis 
Normannus natione, et peritus legis humanae secretorum 
Domini regis conscius, et caussarum et administrationum ** 
rei pub. non segnis executor; ita ut domino rege in remotis 

[* Eccha seems intended.] [t Recaussando, MS.] 

B Lito, MS.] [ Ositha villa sua, MS.] [j| Afonasteri, MS.] 

[IT Altarioy MS.] [** Caussarium et administratiorum, MS.] 



600. 



fo. Sob. 



a Chelmsford. 



b St. Osyth, Chich. 



PART XI 169 

terrae partibus agente ipse paries suas episcopo committeret, et Essex. 
maxime terram Wallensem conquirendam, et conquisitam 
custodiendam suo committeret * examini, et comitatum Salope- 
shir terrae illi contiguum f illius dominio manciparet. 

Richard Beaumeis pervenit ad Chic, quod tune temporis Clachendunn 
membrum erat Clachentoniae, magni quidem ipsius domi- manerium 
alii. 

Quatuor in eccl. S. Osithae reperit sacerdotes, quos Mauri- 
tius episcopus, ejus praedecessor, ibi constituerat, scilicet Ed- 
winum, Sigarum, Godwicium,% qui diclus est Menstre-Prest, 
qui et ipse decanus erat provinciae, et Wulfinum, quibus ad 
vitae necessaria constituerat unicuique 60. acras terrae praeter 
decimationes et altaris obventiones, quae multifarie provenie- 
bant eccl. Richard episcopus missis ad Chic Nicolao et 
Ranulpho Batin clericis spoliat presbiteros S. Osithae ob- 
lationibus. 

Gul. de Wochenduna, Mauritii olim episcopi London: 
alumnus ; oravit^ ut Richardus jam agrotans\\ redderet pres- 
byteris S. Osithae sua jura; id quod convalescens fecit. 

Richardus de Belmeis 9 ^ tertius episcopus London: nepos 
Richardi, qui Mauritii successor, consilio Radulphi archi- 
episcopi Cantuari: coenobium Canon, regul. constituit in 
Chic. 

Habebat turn quidem Richardus episcopus clericum insignem fo. 81 a. 
Gul. de Curbuil, totius literaturae communis peritum, quern 
ob probitatem morum, et literaturae et secularis prudentiae** 
ad se vocaverat. 

Hie Gul. Curbuil foetus est Prior Canon, de Chic. 

Gul. Curbuil vocatus ad concilium a rege designatus est 
archiepiscopus Cantuari: 

Richardus, successor Mauritii episcopi London: villam, 
quae Chic dicitur, solve ntem 20. libras infirma Clachentoniaf 
usibus Canon: profuturam instituit, necnon et ecclesias de 

[* Commisisset, MS.] 

[t Contituum, et mox maneipasset, MS.] 

[t Sic. Perhaps Godricum was intended.] 

[ Orator, MS.] [|| Hearne. Opiotas, MS.] 

[1T Belumeis, MS.] 

[** Heame suggests literaturam et secularem prudentiam. \ 

Clacton, Essex. 



1 70 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Essex. Sumemster et Alechorne* ecclesias de Clachenton, scilicet 
S. Jacobi et S. Nicolai, ecclesiam de Pelham, et de Aldebiria* 
et de alia Pelham. 

Rex Henricus contulit Canon. S. Osithae eccl. de Stowa et 
Bliebrg, in qua sepultus quiescere dicitur Anna rex. 
Fundatio Ecclesia de Blieburg* illustrata conventu Canon: consensu 

P Blielue < in regis et ' abbatis S ' Osithiae. 

Suffolke* l -Richard Byshope of London dedit sedi suae London: Lode- 
wik de patrimonio suo in commutationem pro Chec. Dedit 
etiam sedi suae praedia * in Meilande d in terra Ernulfi de 
Wigtot. 

Ex libra Veri Canon: S. Osithae de miraculis Osithae. 

Westemutha litus prope Chic, ubi portus. 
Hugo Haver pirata spoliavit Eadulvesnes, villam Canon : 
eccl. S. Pauli London: et naves ejusdem villae perforavit et 
demersit. 

Ver Canon: Hugo Haver depraedans littus Est-Sex: pepercit fortunis 
etautorlibri Canon: S. Osithae tempore Abelis Abbatis. 
wxit tempore r> , , . . r 7 . /-. . . 

Abelis Propter piratarum incursiones delatum fuit anttqmtus 

corpus S. Osithae a Chic ad Ailesbiriam, ubi nutrita et sacris f 

disciplinis adprime erudita cum matertera % Editha ali- 

Locus natalis quandiu mansisse cognoscitur, et in eadem parochia apud 

S. Osithae. Querendonam" in villa, quae nunc est Gul. de Mandevilla, 

originem nativitatis duxisse ab incolis praedicatur et creditur. 

fo. 81 b. Gaufridus vir centum et 16. annorum in Ailesbiria. 

Uxor fabri, servi cujusdam militis, habitantis in Ailes- 
byri, peperit quinque foetus. 

Uxor autem militis, Domini fabri, peperit 7. foetus, cum 
longo ante tempore fuisset omnino sterilis.\\ 

Quadraginta et sex annis, ut ajunt, Ositha natale solum 
de Ailesbiri sui corporis praesentia illustrasse fertur. Quo 
modo autem ad nos relata fuerit pro certo antiquitas ipsa, et 

[* Suaprecdia, MS.] [t Nutita et softs, MS.] 

[J Materteras, MS.] [ Servii, MS.] 

[|| Sterites, MS.] 



a Southminster, Althome. b Aldborough. 

Blythburgh, Suffolk, was a cell to St. Osyth. 

d Mayland, Essex. e Quarrendon. 



PART XI 



171 



diuturni nimis temporis prolapsus, notitiam abolevit. Cerium 
tamen habemus corpus ad locum martyrii * fuisse relatum, 

Ositha Eilesbiriam multis insignivit miraculis, 

Aluredus presbiter Ailesberiensis, postea Prior Rofensis 
Monaster. Gul. filius Nigelli miles dominus de Burton prope 
Ailesbyri. 

Lucia, filia Roberti Sever et Adelivae, nupsit Gul. filio 
Nigelli. Walterus de Haia miles et comprovindalis noster. 

Hilaria propinqua Mauritii iuri mat: uxor Gualteri de 
Haia. 

Galfridus Malet vir dives et potens in Cantebergia. 

Adelisia mater mea, nobilis matrona, degebat in viduitate 
f 22. a morte mart ft sui. 

Fratres nostri ea temporis statione tres in Waullia milita- 
bant cum rege, primo scilicet congressu cum Wallensibus. 

Ositha mater mea te praeelegit advocatricem, et relictis suis 
coenobiis, quae ipsa cum viro suo instituit, ad patrocinium 
tuum confugit. 

Fulco Prior de Ledes? 

Henricus, filius Matildis Imperatrids, Colecestriam venit, 
ubi J diem pads et concordiae cum Gul. comite Warennae,filio 
Stephani regis, praesente Theobaldo archiepiscopo Cantuari: 
et reg: baronibus. 

Matildis regina, mater Gul. comitis Warenniae, manerium 
quod dicitur comitis, quodjuxta nos est, ex propria hereditate 
eccl: S. Osithae contuHt, factum confirmante ejus marito 
Stephen rege. 

Ego tune temporis in curia Theobaldi Cantuar: militabam, 
et a Colecestria ad S. Ositham veniebam, ut matrem invi- 
serem. 

Gulhelmus episcopus Norwicen. consummatam ecclesiam 
novam || 6". Osithae consecravit. 

Bethelem inventioni corporis Sancti Hieronimi exultans 
interfuit Agnes de Gueres comprovindalis nostra, uxor Ade- 
lardi de Gueres, constabularii Gaufridi comitis senioris. 

Eustachius de Barentona forestarius regis. 

[* Marty, MS.] [f Sic. Anno seems to be omitted.] 

[t Deest indixit, vel quid simile. Hearne.] 

[ Ositha, MS.] [|| Navam S. Ositha, MS. 



Verba Veri, 
autoris hujus 
libri, ad 
Ositham pro 
matre sua. 



fo. 82 a. 



Ver autor 
libellifuit in 
terra sancta. 



Leeds Priory in Kent. 



172 



Gem audoris, Albericus de Ver, pater meus, mansionem habens afud Bo- 
nedeiam,* vir quidem mag: nominis et accepti inter homines, 
regis eximii Henrici prioris camerarii, et secretorum ulteri- 
orum non extremus, totius Angliae justitiarius. 

Adeliza, filia Gilberti de Clare, viri nobilis et eximii inter 
praedpuos regni principes. 

Boneclea distat tribus stadiis ab eccl: S. Osithae. 

Adeliza de Estsexa, filia Alberici Ver et Adelizae. 

Rogerus,filius Richardi, nepos comitis Hugonis Bigot ', duxit 
in uxorem Adelizam, filiam Adelizae. -\ 

Thomas avunculus Rogerifilii Richardi. 



Adeliza, uxor 
Alberici Ver, 
et mater au- 
toris hujus 
libelli. 



Thomas de 
Candelent. 

Suffolk. 



Ex vita Edmundi Martiris, dedicata Dunstano archiepis- 
copo Cantuari: auctore Abbone monacho Floriacensi.\ 

Saxones orient: insulae partem sunt adepti, Jutis et Anglis 
ad alia tendentibus. 

Morabatur Edmundus eo tempore ab urbe longius in villa, 
quae lingua eorum Hegilesdun dicitur, a qua et silva vicina 
eodem nomine vocatur^ Passus est Edmundus 12. Calend. 
December. Multitudo provinciae in villa regia, quae lingua 
Anglica || Beodricesworth * dicitur, Latina vero Beodrici curtis 
vocatur, construxit permaximam miro ligneo tabulatu ecclesiam, 
ad quam eum, ut decebat, transtulit cum magna gloria. 
fo. 82 b. Oswin beatafemina assidebat sepulchre martyris Edmundi. 

Theodredus, cog: bonus, ejusdem provinciae episcopus. 

Leoftanus, vir potens, filius Edgari, reseravit sepulchrum 
Edmundi*^ Marty: et ejus corpus vidit. 

Ex libro de miraculis Edmundi Marty: auctore incerto. 

Tempore Athelredi regis quidam clerici, perpendentes mar- 
tyrem mag: esse meriti, sub ejus patrocinio autoritate Aldulpht 

[* Sic. Bonedeia or Boneclea, five lines lower. Stow may have mis- 
read Leland.J 

[t Uxore Adeliza filiam Adeliza, MS.] 

[J Auctor Abbote monacho Floriacensis, MS.] 

[ Vocat, MS.] [II Qua lingwa Anglia, MS.] 

[IT Edmunde, MS.] 



Bury St. Edmunds. 



PART XI 173 

episcopi deo se devoverunt perpetuo famulari. Horum 4. sacer- Suffolk. 
dotes, duo vero diaconi. 

Leofstanus nobilis infestus collegiis S, Edmundi. 

Dani duce Swino applicant apud Geynesburg? 

Egelwinus monachus orator ad Sweinum missus exorare 
non potuit ut parceret Collegio Edmundi. 

Sweinusin somnis lancea ab Edmundo percussus non diu su- 
pervixit. In regione Flegge mari proxima* Corpus Edmundi 
martyris London: delatum. 

Corpus Edmundi relatum ad Beodricesworth. 

Canutus rex Angl, scholas per oppida jussit institui. 

Elfwinus episcopus et monachus agit cum Canuto rege ut 
ordo monasticus in eccl : Seint Edmundi in stitueretur. Annuit 
rex. Annuit et Turkillus comes in cujus ditione eccl: Ed- 
mundi sita est. 

Inducti sunt monachi in eccl : S. Edmundi anno Dom. 1020. 1020. 
a passione Edmundi 150. 

Haroldtis et Hardecanutus reges Angliae opes Canuti pa- 
tris quinquennia exhauserunt.\ 

Edwardus 3. ante conquestum dedit monaster: S. Edmundi 
octo et semis centenaria, quae Anglice Hundredes vocantur. 
Unus primus abbas monaster: S. Edmundi. 

Leofstanus 2. abbas. 

Egelwinus monachus, qui orator missus fuit ab eccl: Ed- 
mundi ad Canutum, coccus fuit ante obitum. 

Osgothe Claph, sitperbus Danus,et contemptor gloriae S. Ed- 
mundi. 

Baldewinus monachus S. Dionisii prope parissios, 3. abbas 
eccl. S. Edmundi. 

Gul: cog: longus patri Gul: in regno Angliae successit. fo. 83 a. 

Rodbertus de Curcenn % miles cupiebat abradere villam de 
Southwald, sibi Vietnam, ab eccl: Edmundi. Gul: de Cur- 
ceum successor Rodberti de Curcenn 14. anno regni Henrici 2. 

[* Sic.] [t Exhamserunt, MS.] 

[ Robert de Curcenn, in Abbot Sampson's Miracles of St. Edmund 
is Robertus de Curzun (see Horstmann's " Nova Legenda Angliae," ii, 
p. 621), a name which took many forms, as Curson, de Courcon, de 
Corceone, etc., now Curzon.] 



a Gainsborough. 



174 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Chelmeresford villa. 

Ranulphus Capellanus tune regalium provisory et exactor 
vectigalium, postea quoque Dunelmensis episcopus. Segeba re- 
ligiosa femina in eccl: S. Edmundi. 

Ex annalibtts, autore incerto. 

1092. Anno Dom. 1092. apud Sarisbiriam tectum turris eccl; 

violentia fulminis omnino dejecit s. die postquam earn dedica- 

verant * Osmundus episcopus Sarisbir: et Remigius episcopus 

Lincoln. 
uoi. Anno Dom. 1101. Wintonia conflagravit 16. Call. Jun. 

Eodem anno 13. Call. Jun. Glocestria cum monasterio 

arsit. 

1113. Anno Dom. 1 1 1 3. Owen fuit Powisiae regulus. 
1 121. Anno Dom. 1121. Glocestriae pars magna iterum cum 

monasterio arsit. 
1151. Anno Dom. 1151. fundata est abbat: de Morgan ft, Roberto 

comite Glocestriae. 
1158. Anno Dom. 1158. Gul. comes Glocestriae captus est in 

castello de Cairdif ab Wallis. 

1166. Anno Domini 1166. obiit Robertus filius Gul. comitis Glo- 
cestriae. 

1167. Anno Dom. 1167. villa de Kenfik prope Nethe ab Wallis 
combusta in nocte S. Hilarii. 

1216. Anno Dom. 1216. Gilbertus de Clare suscepit 2 s . comit: 
Glocester et Herford: quorum heres fuit.\ 

fo. 83 b. Versus % ut ferunt, Giraldi Cambrensis de Gul. de Bello- 
campo, episcopo Eliensi. 

Tarn bene, tarn facile, tarn mag: negotia tractas, 
Ut dubius reddar si deus es vel homo. 

\* Dedicaverat, MS.] [t Half a page blank follows here.] 

[t These epigrams refer to William Longchamp (not Beauchamp) 
Bishop of Ely, 1189; they occur in Girald's "Vita Galfridi archiep. 
Ebor.," which is printed in Opera Giraldi Cambrensis, vol. iv, p. 427 
(Rolls Ser.). They are there linked by short remarks, which may have 
led Leland to separate them by his extraneous notes, as copied by 
Stow and printed by Hearne, vol. viii, p. 47, but I incline to think 
that he copied them on the margin of his notes about Dour. Leland 
may have found Girald's work in Dour Abbey. 



PART XI 175 

Tarn male, tarn temere, tarn turpiter omnia tractas, 
Ut dubius reddar bellua sis vel homo. 

Sic cum sis minimus temptas majoribus uti, 
Ut dubius reddar simia sis vel homo.* 

The castell of Kilpek a 3. miles bynethe the hede of Worme, b Herefords. 
banke sinistra. No notable thinge on Worme besyde Kilpek. 

Sum say that it is called Diffrin dore, i.e., vallis aurea, d 
fertilitate. 

The lowe grownd where Dules runnithe is called Diffrin 
Dule. 

Ther was at Dour afore, the edification of the maner called 
Blak Berats Haulle. 

The lordshipe selfe of Ewis Harold, wher it is narowest, 
is a myle in bredthe, and moste in lengthe 2. mile. It hath 
good corne, gresse and woode. 

Dowr Abbay c vi. mills from Hereford flat sowth, x. miles 
from Monemuth by west north west, ix. from Abergeveny 
by playne northe. 

The broke of Dour runneth by the abbay of Dour, and 
there it brekethe a litle above the monasterie into 2. armes, 
whereof the lesse arme rennethe thorowghe the monastery. 
The bygger arme levith the abbey a bowe shot of on the 
right hond or banke. The confluence is againe hard by- 
nethe the abbey. The place where the confluence of Dour 
and Monow is, is 8. myles from Monemuth toune. 

The valley d where Dour renneth betwin 2. hills is caullid 
Diffrine dor, id est, aurea vallis; but I thinke rathar d duro 
flu. 

Wormes brooke cumythe into Dourf river 3. quartars of 
a myle bineth Dour Abbey by the left ripe. It risethe by 
the Haye Wood 3. miles by south southe est from Herford. 
It rennythe 5. myles afonte. 

Dulesse c broke comythe halfe a myle benethe this con- 

[* ffoms, MS.] [t Here called the Dove.] 



* Kilpeck castle. b Worm r. 

c Abbey Dore; see vol. iii, p. 49. d Golden valley. 

e Dulas r. 



176 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Herefords. 



fo. 84 a. 
Dorstone. 



Snothill 
Castle. 



William Can- 
telupe senes- 
calltis to 
Henry the 
third. 



fluens into Dour by the right ripe. This broke risethe by 
west a 2. miles above his confluence with Dour, and ren- 
nethe thrwghe Ewrs Harald. a 

Dour riseth a litle above Dorston. Dorstone is a litle vil- 
lage about a 6. miles from Dour Abbay west northe west 
ripa dextra. 

Dour 2. myles byneth Dour Abbay enterith into Monow 
by the lift ripe. There is a castell a mile and more benethe 
Dorston apon the right ripe of Dour. b It is called Snothil, c 
and ther is a parke wallyd, and a castle in it on an hill 
caulled Sowthill, and therby is undar the castle a quarrey of 
marble. The castle is somewhat in mine. Ther is a Fre 
Chappell. This castle longyd to Chandos. There was 
dyvers of the Chandos in the Grey and Blake Friers at 
Hereford. 

The towne of Hereford West * of sum is caulled in Walche 
Trefawith of multitude of beeches, and of some cauled 
Hereford of an ould forde by the castle of Heriforde. 

The abbey of Dour foundyd in Kynge Stephen's dayes by 
one Robertus Ewias, so caullyd bycawse that he was lord of 
parte of Ewias. The fame goethe that Kynge Harold had a 
bastard namyd Harald, and of this Harold part of Ewis was 
named Ewis Harold. This bastard had yssue Robert 
foundar of Dour Abbey; and Robart had yssue Robert. 
The 2. Robert had one dowghtar caullyd Sibille Ewias, 
maried to Sir Robert Tregoz a Norman. Robert Tregoz 
had issue John Tregoz. This John Tregoz maried Lord 
William Cantelupe's dowghtar caulyd Julia, sistar to Thomas 
Cantilupe, Bysshope of Herforde, Chancelar to Henry the 
third. 

John Tregoz had by Julian 2. dowghtars, Clarence maried 
to John Lorde de la Ware, and Sibille maried to Guliam de 
Grandesono. 

John de la Ware had by Clarence Nicholas that sone 
dyed. 

Guil. Graunson had Peter by Sybille. This Peter was 
buried in owr Lady Chapell of the Cathedrall Churche of 

[* " Este" is written above the line by another hand.] 



a Ewyas Harold. 



b Dore r. 



c Snodhill. 



PART XI 



177 



Castle. 



Hereford juxta Thomam de Cantilupo episcopum Here- Herefords. 
forden : 

Peter had John and Catarine. 

John Graunson was Bysshope of Excester.* 

Catarine his sister was maried to Ser Guy Brien Lord of 
Theokesbiri. 

Guy Brien had a doughtar by her maryed to the Lord 
Percy. 

The fame is that the castell of Mapherald f was buildid of fo. 84 b. 
Harold afore he was Kynge, and when he overcam the Mapherald 
Walsche men Harold gave this castle to his bastard. Great 
parte of Mapheralde Castell yet standinge and a chapell of 
Seint Nicholas in it. Ther was sumetyme a parke by the 
castell. The castle stondythe on a mene hill, and on the 
right banke of Dules broke hard in the botom by it. 

There is a village by the castle caullyd Ewis Haralde, in 
the whiche was a priorie or cell of blake monkes translatyd 
from Dulesse a village a myle and upper on the broke. 
Dules village longed to Harald. Filius Haraldi foundyd 
this at Dules. 

Richard Brute lord of Bradwarane, nobilis h\c Bruti 
requiescunt ossa,\ 

Robertus Tregoz translatid it from Dules to Mapheralt. 
It was a cell to Glocestar. 

Tregoz and Graunson were the last that were men of any 
greate estimation that dwellyd in Mapheralt. 

Joh[a]n Beauchamp Lady of Bergeveny bowght of De la 
War and Graunson Mapeherault Castell. 

Matild de Bohun wife to Ser Robert Burnelle, foundar 
of Bildevois b Abbey, (thowghe some for the only gifte of the 
site of the howse toke the Bysshope of Chester for founder,) 
was buryed in the presbitery at Dour. 

Henricus de Pott alias Bruge. John Bruton knight and 
his wyfe, fathar to John Bruton Bysshope of Hereford, 
buried in Dour. 

[* See Leland's notes on the Grandison family in vol. i, pp. 236-8.] 

[t See vol. iv, pp. 166, 167.] 

[t Marginal note in MS. Requiessent ossa, MS.] 



a Dulas. 



b Build was. 



V. 



N 



7 8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Herefords. Ther lay of the Botears buried in the Chapitre at Dour.* 
Giraldus in his Itinerarie showethe how Harald, a sonne 
of Kynge Harold, dyd nex the shores of Walls accompanied 
with the Norways. 

Noble men buried in Dour Abbey. 

Sir Robert Ewias the foundar, and Robert his sonne. 

William Graunson and Sibil his wyffe. 

Sir Richard Hompton lorde of Bakenton halfe a myle 
from Dour Abbey. 

Caducanus,t sumtyme Bysshope of Bangor, aftar monke 
of Dour, and there buried, scripsit librum omeliarum, quern 
ego vidi. Scripsit etiam librum cut titulus^ Speculum 
Christianorum. Obit anno Dom. 1225. 

The first Alanes lorde of Alanes More. The second was 
lorde of Kilpeke by his wyfe. 

fo. 85 a. Sir Roger Clifford the yongar and the elder lords of Can- 
terceley and Broinllese Castelle. 

Syr Alane Plokenet lord of Kilpek Castle. 

Ultimus Alanus de Ploknet hie tumulatur. 

Nobilis urbanus vermibus esca datur. 

Walerianus. Waleranes lords of Kilpek, doughters; and Kilpek 
maried one of the Waleranes heyres, and had the castle. 
Kilpek had John by Walerane's doughter. This John maried 
one Joan, Bohuns Erie of Herford dowghtars. 

Johan, doughtar to Bohun, foundid our Lady Messe in 
the Minster of Hereford. 

Ex vita S. Gundlei regts.\\ 
Gundeleus filius regis australium Britonum. 

[* These last two paragraphs are written in the margin. ] 
[t Martin or Cadogan was bishop of Bangor, 1215-1236. He died in 
1241, Leland giving the wrong date (Tout in "Diet. Nat. Biog."), but 
the above seems to be the only notice of his writings.] 
[t Intitulus, MS.] [ No figures given.] 

[|| All these lives of saints on the following pages, Gundleius to 
Willebrord, p. 181, and Aidan, p. 199, to Fremund, p. 208, are notes 
from John of Tynemouth's Sanctilogium Britannia, Cotton MS. Ti- 
berius, E. I, printed by Dr. C. Horstmann "Nova Legenda Anglia," 
Oxford, 1901. A comparison with the variants given by Dr. Horst- 
mann shows that Leland used Tynemouth's work itself, not Capgrave's 
epitome of it.] 



PART XI 179 

Gunde\leus\ ex Gladusa uxore Cadocum genuit. 

Gundelei sex fratres cum eo tanquam principe regnabant. 

Obiit Gundeleus juxta eccksiam quam construxerat, prae- 
sente Dubritio episcopo Landavensi, et Cadoco 4. Cal. Aprilis. 

Grip hint regis milites * tempore Gul. senioris regis Angl. 
Gundelei eccl, diripiunt. 

Ecclesia Gundelei spoliata a militibus Haraldi tempore 
Edwardi Confessoris. 

Ex vita Henrici Heremitae. 

Henricus Heremita de Coquet insula a Dam's originem 
duxit. 

Ex S. Hildae vita. 

Hilda suis precibus vertit serpentes in lapides^ servata ser- 
pentum forma. 

Et vita Hugonis. 

Anno Dom. \2$$. Judaei Lincolnia Hugonem puerum 8. 1255. 
annos natum, crucifixerunt. 

Ex vita Ywii.^ 

Iwius, filius Branonis, et Egidae, educatus a Cuthberto 
Lindisfarnae, obiit in Minori Britan. Corpus relatum in 
\ab\batiam \ Wiltoniae quiescit. 

Ex vita Justiniani martyris 

Justinianus natus in Minori Britan. Justinianus pervenit Ramsey 
ad insulam Lemeneiam, in qua vir Deo devotus Honorius^ 
regis Thefreauci filius, relicto mundo totum se deo com- 
mendabat. 

Honorius peregre profectus Lemeneiam insulam Justiniano 
tradidit. David episcopus Justinianum ad se vocat. 

Justiniani caput a servis quos alebat amputatum. Ipse 
vero in sua insula sepultus est. 

[* Milite, MS.] 

[t See Horstmann's Nova Legenda Angliae, " de Scto. Ywio," ii, 
p. 92, which relates that Apud Wiltoniam aicbus nostris [John of Tyne- 
mouth, 1366] corpus eius sanctum quiesccns in magna veruratur 
habetur.\ 

[t Bottom, MS.] 



i8o 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



fo. 85 b. Ex vita S. Keinae.* 

Keinesham. Keina Brethani filia. Keinewir, id [esi] Keina virgo; 
locos ubi Keina habitabat serpentibus liberavit, et serpentes in 
lapides \vertit\ servata etiam serpentum forma. 

Ecclesia Caine a Danis vastata. Cadocus materteram 
suam Keinam sepelivit. 

Ex vita S. Maglorii. 

Maglorius, ortus in Britannia Majori, S. Sampsonis 
consorsfuit. 

Ex vita S. Melori. 

Melorus, filius Meliani, duds Cornubiae. Melori reliquiae f 
tandem Ambresbyriam a delatae. 

Ex vita Oswini regis et martyris. 

Gedling ubi. In Gedlinge, modo Gillinger b vocato^ non procul ab urbe 
Richemondiae sito, regina Eanfteda, Oswii regis uxor, et regis 
Oswini propinqua, in expiationem necis ejus, impetrata a rege 
Oswio licentia, monasterium construxit, in quo orationes 
assidue pro regis occisi, et ejus qui occidere jussit, animae 
salute quotidie domino deberent offerri ; et virum devotum, 
nomine Trumher, nat: Angl. a Scotis ordinatum et edoctum, 
regis occisi propinquum, constituit abbatem. Qui postea sub 
rege Merc: Wulphero in provinc: Merc: et mediterr. Angl: 
episcopus effectus, gentium multitudinem adfidem convertit.^ 

Coenobium ad ostium Tinae flu : spoliatum et dirutum a 
Danis. 

Ex vita S. Paterni episcopi. 

Paternus natus in Minori Britannia. 
Paternus monasteria et ecclesias per totam Kereticam regio- 
nem, quae modo Cairdiganshir vocatur, aedificavit. 



Lanbatern- 
vaur prope 
Aberostewith 
urbem mariti- 
mam. 



[* Hearne's suggested corrections of words in these lines between 
brackets, also locos for locres, and libercmit for liberate, of Stow's MS. , 
agree with Tynemouth's Life of Keyna in Horstmann, ii, 103.] 

[t Cornubia . . . reliquia, MS.] 

[J Quoted ipsissima verba from Nova Leg. Ang., see Horstmann, 
ii, p. 270.] 



a Amesbury. 



b Gilling. 



PART XI 181 

Monasterium Paterni* prope urbem. Obiit Paternus 12. 
CaLJul. 

Ex vita Petroci. 

Petrocus genere Camber. 
Petrocus 20. annis studuit in Hibernia, 
Petrocus Romam petiit. 

Petrocus Roma reversus est ad suum monaster: in Cor- 
nubia. 
Petrocus obiit prid. Non. fun. 

Ex vita S. Richardi episcopi. 

Richardus foetus est cancellarius Cantuar: ab Edmundo. 
Richardus fit episcopus Cicestren: Obiit Richardus 3. Non. 
Aprilis. 

Ex vita Roberti abbatis. fo. 86 a. 

Robertus monachus Fountanensis. 

Robertus postea abbas primus novi monasterii prope More- 
path. 

Ex vita Thomae Cantelupi. 

Thomas Cantilupus filius Guliel: Cantilupi. 
Melicenta mater Thomae \ quae a comitissa Eboracensi* 
orig. duxit. 

Ex vita Willebrordi. 
Wilgis homo Northumbrorum regionis pater Willebrordi. 

In australi insula chori. Hereford. 

Gul. de Vere episcopus Hereforden: praefuit 12. annis. 

Obiit 9. Call. Januarii anno Dom. 1198. 1198. 

Dominus Robertus Foliot episcopus Hereforden. [1148.] 

Robertus de Melun sedit annis ^ . . . tempore Henrici 

2 . filii. + Hicfuit in omni genere liter arum insigniter eruditus. 

Obiit anno Dom. ii47-t [1167.] 

[* Eburavicensi or Ebroice, Evreux; Millicent's first husband was 
Almeric de Montfort, Count of Evreux.] 

[t Three years and two months, 22nd Dec., 1163 27th Feb., 1166-7 
Le Neve. The date, 1147, for death is erroneous, see before, p. 163.] 

[J This word must be an error.] 



8 Llanbadernfawr. 



182 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Hereford. Dominus Robertas Betune* episeopus Hereforden. 

Dominus Reinelmus episeopus Hereforden. 

Reparavit Dominus Richard Maiew episeopus Hereforden. doctor theo- 

ecd. Here- logiae^ rector turbae Magdalenensis, archedecon of Oxford, 

for den. Chanselar of Oxforde, eleemosinarius Henri the 7. praefuit 

Hereforden: eccl: n. annis et amplius. Obiit 8. die April. 

1516. anno Dom. 1516. 

In transepto occidentali eccl. ad austrum.^ 

Dominus Joannes Trefnant episeopus Herifordensis, canon. 
Assaphensis, et in camera apostolica causarum auditor. 

In transepto Occident: ad boream. 

Dominus Thomas Chorleton episeopus Hereforden: Trea- 
surar of England. 

In Presbiterio.% 

Johannes Trillek doctor of Divinitie, cuj us f rater Thomas 
Trillekfuit episeopus Rofensis, et coadjutor fratri jam admo- 
dum sent. 

In orient: transepto ad boream. 

Richardus de Swinesfeld in Cantia natus, successit Thomae 
Cantilupo, cujus testamenti executor fuit. 

In bor: insula Chori. 

Robertus de Loreine episeopus Heriforden. 

Dominus Galfridus de Clyve episeopus Herefordensis. 
fo. 86 b. Dominus Hugo de Maggenore episeopus Herifordensis. 

Petrus de Aqua Sabaudia Francus episeopus Herefordensis. 

Dominus Aegidius de Brusa episeopus Hereforden. 

Johannes Stanbury Carmelita episeopus Bangorensis 5. 
annis; translatus Hereford praefuit 21. annis. Obiit anno 
1474. Dom. 1474. 

Ther is a Bisshope of Heriford beried in owr Lady 
Chapell. 

Petrus de Grandisono miles in sacello S. Marye sepultus. 

[* Beture, MS.] [t Austri, MS.] [I Presbiteris, MS.] 

[ Mapenore, according to Le Neve and Stubbs.] 



PART XI 



183 



Edmundus Audeley episcopus Hereforden: et posted Sa- Hereford. 
resbir: adjecit sacellum et cantuar. australi parti* sacelli 
S. Mariae. 

The chefe of the Lord Chorletons founders of the Grey 
Freres in Shrobbesbirie. 

In navi ecclesiae. 

Johannes Bruton episcopus Hereforden. custos Garderobe 
Dom. regis. 

Gulielmus Devereux miles. 

Carolus Bouth doctor legum Bononiae archideaconus Buk- 
ingam, et cancellarius marchiarum Walliae tempore Henrici 
principis.^ Bout he reparavit palatium suum London, voca- 
tum Mounthaut, et Bisshop Castelle, alias Treescop.% 

Pembridge miles. 

Radulphus Maideston emit domum de Mounthault London. Mounthalu. 

Gul. Porter primo Card: Novi Collegii Winton: Oxon: 
postea cantor Hereforden: eccl. 



Nomina episcoporum Hereforden. 



|| Portneren 

antiquis 

praeponitur. 



Putt a; Trutere, alias Tirde; Torhtere; Walhstode; Cuth- 
berht ; Podda; Acca; Eadda, vel Cedda; Ealdberth; Ceol- 
mon; Esne; Utel ; Thulfhwarde ; Beonna; Eadwulf; 
Cuthulf; Mucel; Daeorlath; Cinemund; Eadgar; Tidelm; 
Thulfylin; Thulfric; Adulf; Adestan ; Tremerin; Leofe- 
gar; Aldred ; Walter; Rodbertus de Loregon; Girardus, 
qui postea archiepiscopus Ebor. Malmesbiriensis hie introducit 
Rogerum Lardarium electum tantum Herforden. Reinelmus 
fundator ecclesiae Hereforden. Gaufridus de Cliva ; Richar- 
dus de Capella; Rodbertus de Bettinia; Gilbertus de Foliot; fo. 87 a. 
Robertus de Melun; Robertus Foliot; Gul. de Ver; Aegi- 
dius de Breosa; Hugo de Mapenor^; Hugo Foliot; Radul- 
phus de Maidenstan; Petrus de Aqua Blanca; Joannes le 



Maidestone 
** postea 
Frandscanus. 



[* In this sentence Stow writes postia, cantur, and parte for the 
corrected words.] 

[t Camcillarius and tempori Henrico print eps, MS.] 

[J Or Treestop, as Stow wrote it in another place. See vol. ii, p. 79.] 

[ See before, p. 166, St. Mary Mounthaw.] 

[|| Sie. It is not evident to whom this refers.] 

[IT Napenor, MS.] [** Postia Fraciscanus, MS.] 



1 84 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Hereford. Breton; Thomas de Cantilupo; Richard de Swinesfeld; 
Adam de Orleton^ natus in Hereforde; Thomas de Charleton; 
Joannes Trillek; Ludovicus Chorleton. 

Hugo de Foliot episcopus Hereford construxit hospitale 
S. Catarinae aput Ledebirie, quae non multum distat a monti- 
bus Malverniae. 

Palatia episcopi Herforden. 

Sugwas a flite shot, or more, of Wy ryver on the lifte ripe 
of it 2. miles dim. It stondithe in the roots of an hillet, and 
a park by it now without dere. Colwel a Park longed to the 
Bysshope of Hereford by Malvern Chace, and a pece of 
Malvern* is the bysshops, fro the crest of the hill, as it 
aperithe by a dyche. 

Bosberie b x. miles by north est from Hereford at the head 
of Ledon c reveret, and therby is a place longginge to Seint 
John's in London caullid Upledon. d 

Gul. Ver episcopus ', ut patet ex ejus epitaphio^ multa egregia 
construxit aedifida. 

Whitburne 6 7. miles from Worcester. It is in the very 
extreme parte of Herefordeshire on the right banke of 
Temde f ryver. 

Johannes filius Alani, Dominus de Arundel, cepit Byssops 
Castell) et constabularium castri fide data interfecit anno 
regni 45. Henrici 3. et inde tenuit pene 6. annis. 

There was a faire mansion place for the bysshope at Led- 
byri xii. miles by est northe est from Hereford, and vii. 
myles or more from Rosse. This hous is all in ruyne. The 
convict prison for the Bysshope of Heriford was at Rosse, 
now at Hereford. 

Rosse at the veri west end of the paroche churche yarde 
of Rosse, now in clene ruynes. 

Bysshops Castle a 23. miles by north northe west from 
Hereford in Shropshire. It is xii. miles from Shrowsbirie. 
fo. 87 b. Prestebyri 5. miles from Glocester hard by Clife. 8 Ther 
is a parke hard by Prestebyri. 

[* Stow spells it " Malvenn."] 



a Colwall. b Bosbury. c Leadon r. d Upleadon. 

e Whitbourne. f Teme r. 8 Cleeve. 



PART XI 185 

Joannes le Breton episcopus Hereforden. fuit aliquanto tern- Hereford. 
pore vice-comes Hereford: custos maner: de Abergeveney^ et 
trium castrorum, 

Breton episcopus custos Garderobe domini regis. 

Kilpek Castelle a 5. mils from Hereford by southe west 
very nighe Worme * brooke. 

Sum ruines of the waulls yet stonde. Ther was a priorie of 
Blake Monks suppressydin Thomas Spofford's Bysshope of 
Herford's tyme, and clerly unitid to Glocester. 

The priory stood from the castle a quartar of a myle. 

The fathar of Thomas Cantelupe Byshope of Herford was 
Seneshall of England, and his mothar Melicent was Countis 
of Ebroice a in Normandie.f 

Walterus uncle by father to Thomas Cantelupe bysshope 
was Bysshope of Worcestar, and gave beneficis to Thomas 
his nephew aftar Bysshope of Hereford, and to Hughe 
Cantilupe, Thomas brother Archideacon of Glocestar. 

Ex vita Ethelberti martyris % autore Giraldo Cam- 
brensi Canonico Herifordensi.\ 

Athelbertus, Adelredi regis Orientalium Anglorum filius^ 
et Leoverinae reginae. Qui et ipsi atavis editi regibus ex 
Orient. Saxo: regali prosapia, Anna videlicet Enni filto, et 
Etheldredae virginis patre, Adelhero et Athelwaldo, Adulfo 
et Alfwoldo, quos Beda*^ in Angl. historia commemorat. 

Ethelbertus unicus heres Adelredi regis. 

Guerro comes solicitat Ethelbertum de uxore ducenda, vide- 
licet Seledriada Egeonis australis Britanniae regis filia. 

Egeon rex infidelis Adelredo Ethelberti** patri. 

[* See before, p. 175.] 

[t See note on Thomas Cantilupe before, p. 181.] 

[t Piarti, MS.] 

[ These few notes from the Life of St. Ethelbert by Giraldus Cam- 
brensis, the original of which appears to be now lost, are of the more 
interest as Leland must have taken them from an undoubted manu- 
script or copy of that book. See " Giraldi Cambrensis Opera," edited 
by Prof. Brewer (Rolls Series, 1863), vol. iii, pp. xlv, 409.] 

[|| Delredi, Orientals Angli filio, MS.] 

[H Bede, MS.] [* Aderedo Atherberti, MS.] 

Evreux. 



i86 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Grimbertus 
olim etiam 
Ethelberto 
familiaris. 
fo. 88 a. 



Milfridus 
Merc. 



Terrae-motus denotavit desolationem reg. Ab obitu enim 
Ethelberti multis annis sub regulis et tyrannis ad regis Ed- 
mundi tempora duravit. 

Alftrida Offae filia apparatum Ethelberti ad Offam* 
venientis collaudat. 

Ethelbertus occisus consilio uxoris Offae a Grimberto fami- 
liari Offae 13. Call.Junii. 

Alfrida filia Offae Anachoreta facta apud Croilande. 

Offa praecepit corpus Ethelberti cum capite occulte sepeliri 
in ripafiu: quod Lugge did fur. 

In loco primae sepulturae nunc est ecclesia parochialis de 
Maurdine*in sinistra ripa Luge flu. 4. millibus passuum f ab 
Herefordia. 

Castellum de Kinggett Southton non longe distat a Maur- 
dine, ut neque a Luga. Extant ad hue usque vestigia hujus 
castri, ubi Offa rex convenit Ethelbertum. Nunc appellantur 
Southtoun Waulls^ 

Offa poenitentia facti ductus Romam petit. 

Ethelbertus Brichtrico praediviti viro nocte apparuit, prae- 
cipiens ei ut corpus suum effossum\ ad locum qui Status waie 
dicebatur efferret, et juxta monasterium eodem in loco situm 
illud cum honore reconderet. Egmundus socius Brichtrici in 
transferendo corpore Ethelberti. Et sic procedentes usque ad 
locum praesignatum ibidem corpus sanctissimi honorifice sepe- 
lierunt, in loco videlicet qui Anglice Fernlega* Latine interpre- 
tatum saltus filicis dicebatur; nostris vero diebus a compro- 
vincialibus Herefordia nuncupatur. 

Milefridus Merc, rex sanctitatem viri dei fama vulgante 
cognovit, qui et quendam episcopum suum virum sanctum ad 
locum destinavit,jubens de morte martyr: et caussa cognoscere. 

Milefridus quanquam id temporis in remotis regni sui par- 
tibus ageret, transmissa ad locum eundem pecunia multa eccle- 
siam egregiam lapidea structura ad laudem martyris a funda- 
mentis incepit, primusque regum omnium eodem episcopum in 
loco constituens ecclesiam eandem cathedrali dignitate sub- 
limavit. Terris quoque plurimis et praediis amplis^ palliis 

[* Offa venientes, MS.] [t Passts, MS.] [J Effossu, MS.] 
[ Eccksie eadem cathedri dignity MS.] 



Marden. 



b Sutton, near Hereford. 



c Fernhill. 



PART XI 187 

holosericis et ornamentis egregiis, regia quoad vixit munificentia 
ditare quidem ac dotare non cessavit. 

Egfridus, Offae regis filius, vix per annum et centum qua- 
draginta dies pro patre regnavit. 

Unde et huic nostrae paginae quod Asser historicus, verax * 
relator gestorum regis Alfredi, de hac generatione perversa fo. 88 b. 
conscripsit, eisdem interserere verbis non indignum reputavi. 

Edwinus, vir potens in finibus Ledburie et montibus f Go- 
mericif liber atus a paralysi dedit Ledburiam eccl. Herefordensi. 
Ledburie North et Bisshops Castell idem manerium, et in 
antiquis chartis J nominatio est castri de Ledburie. 

Offa rex terras plurimas circa Herefordam, martyri 
contulit. Est vicus in Orientalium Saxonum provincia, cui 
nomen Bellus Campus interpretatio dedit, in cujus praedio 
antiquitus lignea quaedam est basilica in honorem Ethelberti 
martyris.% 

Ex vita Ethelberti martyr : || autore Osberto de Claro, monacho 
Westmonaster. ad Gislebertum Hereforden. episcopum. 

Anna, Ethelredus, Ethelwaldus,fratres et reges Est Anglo- 
rum. Adelherus rex ex Heresivida sorore S. Hildae genuit 
Aldulphum et Alfwodum. 

Adelherus rex una cum Penda rege in bello interfectus ab 
Oswio rege Northumbriae. 

Aldulphus successit patri in reg. Successit Aldulpho Alfwol- 
dus ejus f rater in regno. 

Berno de sanguine Alfweddi rex Est Anglorum. Berno rex. 

Successit ejus filius Adelredus. Successit Adelredo Ethel- 
bertus ejus filius, postea martyr. 

Seledrida, filia et heres Egeonis mortui regis, in australi- 
bus Majoris Britanniae partibus destinata a Guerrone con- 
sule thoro Ethelberti, sed Ethelbertus earn recusavit. 

Ethelbertus venit in reg: Merciorum ad vicum regium, qui 
villa australis dicitur. Southtoun. 

[* Veraxii, MS.] [+ Monts, MS.] [t Cas/ris, MS.] 

[ This passage " Est martyris " is from Girald's Life of Ethelbert 

in a Cotton MS., Opera (Rolls Ser.), vol. iii, p. 425. Bellus Campus 

seems to be Beauchamp Roding in Essex. ] 

[|| Written about 1150, not yet printed; MS. at Cambridge.] 

a Montgomery. 



i88 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hereford. Godescaleus miles, in cujus territorio Ethelberti martyris 

eccl: fuerat antiqua fabricatione constructa. 

Pans Here- Pons factus super Vagam* apud Herefordiam tempore Hen- 

fordensis. r { c i x t jp so re g e j n perante et pits eleemosinam ad tarn utile 

fo. 89 a. opus erogantibus. Facta haec partim consilio domini Richardi 

episcopi HerefordensiS) qui praecessit Roberto Betune episcopo. 

Curatores operis aut pontifices primo Alduinus de Malvernia, 

deinde Aldredus monachus, postremo Alvericus. 

In solo namque ecclesiae Norwicensis episcopio plures 
quam 24. ecclesia sancto Ethelberto martyri* antiquitus 
dedicata. 

Ex vita Roberti de Betune episcopi Herefurden: auctore 
Gul. Priore Lantonensi ad Reginaldum Weneloke.\ 

Robertus Betunensis ex militari prosapia orig. duxit. 

Gunfridus pr acceptor et f rater Roberti. 

Hatyra mons prope Lanhondeny monasteri: Waulliae. 

Robertus fit canonicus apud Lanhondeni in Wallia. 

Hugo de Laceio fundator et patronus eccl: Lanhondenen:* 
in Waullia moriens sepultus est apud Wibeleiam in parte 
fundi quam in extremis agens eccl: donaverat. 

Cum desivissent fratres locum religionis ibifundare missus 
est Robertus tanquam operis procurator. 

Ermsius Prior Lanhondenensis fit anachoreta, et ei in Pri- 
oratu successit Robertus. 

Robertus procurantibus Pagano, filio Joannis, et Milone 
ConstabulariO) ab Henrico rege fit episcopus Hereforden: quo 
tempore vacaverat sedes quinque annis. 

Radulphus decanus Herefordensis adversabatur Roberto 
episcopo Hereford: Canonid Lanhondenenses + semel atque 
iterum spoliati tempore regis Stephani. 

Robertus ad se accersivit conventum Canon: Lanhonden- 
sium, et aliquanto tempore in suis aedibus aluit. Interim 

[* Martii, MS.] 

[t In the margin, Alias ad Henricum episcopum Winton.'} 
[t Here and in the next instance the word is spelt with initial " H " 
instead of " t,."] 

[ Seme . . . item, MS.] 



a Wye r. 



Llanthony. 



PART XI 



189 



quaesivit* et invent feis locum habitations \ apud Glocestram 
sub Milone Constabulario. 

Expensas dedit ad aedificandum. Secundo anno transtulit 
illuc conventum. Ad supplementum quoque subsidii dedit eis 
eccl: duas Frame et Prestebyri,% 

Robertus episcopus ecclesia et possessionibus ad tempusculum 
spoliatus, 

Episcopus Robertus cum pace restituta in sua redisset eccle- 
siam suam reformavit, hostica de forts munimenta diruit 
clerum dispersum revocavit. 

Venit ad Robertum conventus unus fratrum desolatorum fo. 89 b. 
numero 20. quos maledictio sterilis terrae de secessu nemoris 
post quinquennium expulerat. 

Obiit Robertus episcopus in Remensi* urbe, eo ad concilium 
vocatus, quod Eugenius pontifex Ro. ibidem celebrabat. 

Odo Remensis abbas, hospes Roberti episcopi. Corpus Ro- 
berti relatum Herefordam, et ibidem sepultum in ecclesia sua, 
quam ipse multa inpensa et solicitudine consummavit. 

Cle b Hills. 

Cle Hills be holy in Shropshire. Tende river devidethe Shropshire, 
them from sume parte of Worcestershire, but from Shropshire 
by the more parte of the ripe. 

No great plenty of wood in Cle Hills, yet ther is suffi- 
cient brushe wood. Plenty of cole, yerth, stone, nether 
excedinge good for lyme, whereof there they make muche 
and serve the centre about. Cle Hills cum within a 3. good 
myles of Ludlow. The village of Clebyri d standythe in the Clebery, 
rootes by est of Cle Hills 7. myles from Ludlow in the way 
to Beaudeley. 6 There was a castle in Cleberie nighe the 
churche by northe. The plote is yet cawled The Castell Dike. 
There be no market townes in Cle Hills. 

The highest parte of Cle Hills is cawlyd Tyderstone/ In 
it is a fayre playne grene, and a fountayne in it. There is 
anothar hill a 3. miles distaunt from it caulyd The Browne 



[* Inter inquestivit^ MS.] 
[ Brestebyri, MS.] 



[t Habitations, MS.] 
[ Selcessu, MS.] 



a Rheims. 

d Cleobury Mortimer. 



b Glee. 
6 Bewdley. 



c Temer. 
f Titterstone. 



190 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Cle. There is a chace for deare. Ther is anothar cawllyd 
Caderton's Cle, and ther be many hethe cokks, and a 
broket, caulyd Mille Brokcet, springethe in it, and aftar goithe 
into a broket cauled Rhe, a and Rhe into Tende by neth 
Tende Bridge. There be some bio shopps to make yren 
apon the ripes or bankes of Mylbroke, comynge out of 
Caderton Cle or Casset Wood. 

Ex registro quodam. 

Hereford. Fowelppe b manerium domini Rickardi de Chaundos. 
Prebenda de Whitington. 
Asscheton Boterel. 

Ecclesia S. Cruets de Acornbyrie? Canonici Regul: de Ab- 
batia Wigmore^filia S. Victoris Barisiensis. 

fo. 90 a. Nomina Monaster: Herforden: dioec. 

Major ecclesia Herefordensis. 
Prior: S. Guthlaci Herifordensis. 
Abbatia Canon, de Wigmore. 
Prior: de Wenloke Clun: ord: 
Prior: Leonminstre. 
Prior: de Chireburie. Canon. 
Prior: Canon: de Wormesley. 
Abbat: * de Dowre Cisterc: ord: 
Abba : * de Flexley in Foresta de Dene. 
Moniales de Acornbyri. 
Moniales de Lingebroke. & 
Prior: de Clifford^ Clun. 
Prior: de Kilpek. 
Prioratus de Newente. 
Prior: de Bromefeld. 
Prior: de Alberbury. Grandimontenses.^ 
Dudelebyri an howse of Grandimontenses in Cornedale, 
now unitid to the Churche of Hereforde. 

Acle Lyra 6 maner. Prioris de Lyra in Normannia cellula. 

[* Abbot, Abbo, MS.] [t Or Bonhommes.] 



Rea r. b Fawnhope, co. Hereford. c Aconbury. 

d Limbrook. e Lire (Eure dept.). 



PART XI 191 

Fuit ibi tantum capella. Acle 4. mile from Hereford : versus Hereford. 
Bromyard. 

Nulla ecclesia collegiata sacerdotum in Dioecesi Hereforden: 
praeterquam Herefordia. 

Castell From apon From ryver. From commythe into 
Luge ripa sinistra, about a myle above Mordeford Bridge. 

Limites Dioecesis Herford. 

Herefordshire integer. 

Et pars de Shrobbeshir usque ad med: Tarn flu: prope op- 
pidum Shrobbesbyri: et fores fa de Dene in com : Glocestriae. 

Castellum Richardi a a 2. miles from Ludlow by sowthe, 
where is a paroche churche of the same name by it. The 
castle standythe on an hill. It is about a myle dim. from the 
right ripe of Temde. It was the Lord Vaulx lately. Pope 
bowght it. Now the Kyng's. 

Ecclesi: parochialis Castriae * Isabella. 

Ex libello incerti autoris de comitatibus, episcopatibus et fo. 90 b. 
monasteriis Angliae. 

Autor erat in Cantia natus. 

Jam comperi ipsum Gervasium hoc opusculum scripsisse 
postquam absolverat historiam, quam scripsit de regibus 
Angliae ; et archiepiscopis Cantuar.^ 

Gervasius monachus Cantuar: scripsit praeter Chronicon^ 
opusculum de regibus Angliae^ et archiepiscopis Cantuar. 

Anglia habens 34. Shires olim habuit tantum 32. Ad 



[* 

[t These two paragraphs were written in the margin by Leland (and 
so copied by Stow) after he had found who was the unknown author. 
The libello is the Mappa Mundi of Gervase, and is put by Dr. Stubbs, 
the editor of his works, at the end of his other writings as the last 
written (" Gervase of Canterbury," Rolls Series, vol. ii, pp. viii, 414). 
The copy used by Leland varied from that given by Stubbs ; his lists 
are not so long or so full as those of the printed edition ; it may have 
been a copy made for the monastery of St. Saviour's Canterbury. See 
before vol. iv, p. 70, where lists of the sweet and salt waters are ex- 
tracted from the Mappa, which I had not then recognized.] 



Richard's Castle, cf. vol. ii, p. 76. 



192 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Mappa legem West-Sax, pertinebant 9. ad legem Merc, g. ad legem 
Mundi. Danorum 14.* 

Domus religiosae in Cantia. 

Archiepiscopatus ubi eccl. S. Trinitatis. 

Rovecestre, S. Andreae. 

Abbatia Sancti f Augustini. 

Abbatia Feversham S. Salvatoris. 

Abbatia Boxley Monachi albi. 

Abbat. Lesnes S. Thomae. Canon, nigri. 

Abbat. Coumbwelle, Mar. Magdalen. 

Abbat. La\n\gdon, S. Ma. et S. Thomae. Canon, albi. 

Abbat. Brades\pl\e, S. Radegundis. 

[AbbatJ] Mallynge S. Mariae. Monial. nigrae. 

Prior. Dover S. Martini. 

Prior. Norton S. \Johan.~\ Evang. 

Prior. Folkstan S. Mariae. 

Prior. Lewesham. Mon. nigri. 

Prior. S. Gregory. 

Prior. Ledes. S. Nichol: Can. nigri. 

Prior. S. Sepukhri.% 

Prior. Shepey, S. Mariae. 

Prior. Blakwase, S. NicoJ\ai\ Can. albi. 

Prior. Lillechirch, S. Mar. Mon. nigri.^ 

Prior. Daventre? S. Mariae. Mon. nigri. , 

Hospitak S. Gregorii, S. Lawrence, [S. Jacobi, S. Nicolai^\ 
S. Thomae Dovor, S. Joannis in Blekbakechilde,^ Roffe. 

Aquae dulces in Cantia. [Medewaie,~\ Stura, Brooke, 
Derent,*^ aqua de Bregge, aqua de O springe, aqua de Cray. 

In South-Sax. 

Abbat: de Otteham, S. Laurentii. Can. albi. 
Prior: Arundell, S. Nicolas. Monachi nigri. 
fo. 91 a. Prior: Atesele? S. Petri. Monachi nigri. 

[* Stow carelessly wrote 9, Gervase has 14.] 
[t Saint, MS.] [J Sepulchre, MS.] [ Nigre, MS.] 

[II Gervase has S. Johannis in Blen, Bakechilde, i.e., two places.] 
[IF Derent, nuncforsan Derte, in the margin. Darent r.] 



a Davington, Kent. b Sele, near Steyning. 



PART XI 193 

Prior: Boiegrave? S. Martini. Mon. nigri. Mappa 

Tortington, S. Mariae Magdalenae.^ Can. nigri. Mundi. 

Prior: Hastings^ S. Trinitatis. Can. nigri. 

Prior: Remsted. Moniales nigrae. 

Prior: Lulleminster. Moniales nigrae. % 

Prior: Rospere.^ Moniales nigrae. 

Decanatus Stening: Clerici Secul. Hospitale S. Jacobi: le- 
prosi Cicestriae. Haling insula. 

Aquae dulces in South-Sex: Limene, Medeway, Ichene^ 
Chiern, aqua de Kneppe, aqua de BradeJiam. 

Castle at Bodiam. 

In Southreia. 

Prior: Hor siege. Moniales nigrae. 

Goseforde castellum^ Blechinlegen. Aquae dulces: Emene, Goseforde, 
Wayes.\\ forsan Cul- 

deford, alias 
In Southampton-Shire. Culford. 

Abbat: de Quarraria in Wight. ' 

Prior: de Cairbroke. ibidem. 

Prior: de Hamell, Sancti Andreae^ Monachi Grisei. 

Prior: Brumor* 

Hichene c aqua dulcis. 

In Barkshire. 

Prior: Hame. Moniales nigrae. 
Prior: Bromhaul. Monial: nigrae. 
Prior: de Poyhele. A S. Marg. Can. nigri. 
Hospitalia S. foannis apud Abingdon^ et S. Joannis apud 
Walltngford, et S. Bartolemewi apud Newbyri. 

[* Gervase has Boisgrave. Now Boxgrove.] 

[t Magdelini, MS.] [J Moniali nigri, MS.] 

[ Rusper. The two preceding names in Stubbs' Gervase stand as 
Remitted vcA Lillemenster.] 

[II Stubbs' copy gives these rivers as Cwene, Waie. ? The Wandle, 
and Wey.] 

[IF Seint Andre, MS.] 



a Quarr, I. of Wight. b Bromere. See Wiltshire, p. 194. 

Itchen r. d Poughley. 

V. O 



194 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Mappa In Wiltshire. 

Abbat: Stanlege S. Mar. Monachi albi. 

Prior: Fernlege. Monachi nigri. 

Prior: Briontune. Can. nigri. 

Prior: Bromhore, S. Mar. et S. Mich: Can. nigri.* 

Hospitale f de Bradelege, S. Mariae Magda. leprosi. 

In Dorsetshire. 
Prior: Camestern. Moniales nigrae. \ 

fo. 91 b. In Sumersetsher. 

Prior: Stoke, S. Andreae. Monachi nigri. 
Prior: Bearew, S. Mariae. Monachae nigrae. 
Aquae dulces: Bedret, Fenifle, || Aven, Briu. 

In Devonshir. 

Abbat: Bukfester. 

Prior: Cuichf S. Andreae. Monachi nigri de Becco extrae 
Excestre. 

Prior: Bernestaple. 

Prior: Plintune. 

Prior: Berdlescombe. Can. nigri. 

In Cornwalle. 

Prior: Tywardraith. Mon: nigrae de Angiers. 
Prior: S. Cyriaci. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: S. Antonii. Mon: nigri de Angiers. 
Prior: S. Mariae del Val. Mon: nigri de Angers. 
Prior: S. Nicolai, Core in Sylley. 

[* This description answers to that of Bromere in Hants, which was, 
perhaps, erroneously put here in Wilts.] 

[t In Stubbs this hospital is placed under Somersetshire.] 

[J Albae in Stubbs.] 

[ Mariae omitted in MS.] 

[|| Pedret) Jenfle or Genfte Stubbs, and see Leland's " Itinerary," 
vol. iv, p. 71. The known rivers seem to be the Parret, Avon, and 
Brue.] 

* Cowyke, near Exeter. 



PART XI 195 

In Est-Sax. Mappa 

Abbot: Chic, Petri, Paul: et S. Osithae. Mundi< 
Prioratus Ginge-Hestan* vulgo Inger stone? 
Aquae dulces: Heaghbridge, Hobridge. Stura flu. dividit 

Est-Sax a Southfolke. Aqua salsafi Huolne. Vina flu, 

In Midlesex. 
Prior: Keleburne. 

In Southfolke. 

Abbat: Sibbetune* 

Prior: de Eia c S. Petri, Mon: nigri de Berney. 
Prior: Clara vel Stoke, S. Joan. Mon. nigri de Becco. 
Prior: de Wang ford. Monachi nigri. 
Prior: Romburgh, S. Mich. 

Prior: Suthbyrif S. Barptol: Mon: nigri de West- 
minster. 

Prior: Waulton, S. Felicis* Mon: nigri de Roffa. 

Prior: Leistune, S. Mariae. Can. albi. 

Liegate Castell. 1 Liegate Caste/. 

In Northfolke. 

Prior: Horsham, S. Fides. $ Mon: nigri de Conchis. 
Prior: Wirham, S. Winwallae. Mon: nigri de Mus- 
terell. 

Prior: Welsingham. fo. 92 a. 

Prior: Cogesforde* 

In Grantebrigeshire. 

Prior: Snaveshith. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Swafham. Monach: nigri. 

Castellum de Herwoydi.^ Henoordi 

Castellum. 

[* Gingettestane Stubbs.] [t Salva, MS.] 
[t MS. has FuKt.] [ Wereham. MS. has Wiwalle.} 

[|| Herewardi Stubbs.] 



a Ingate stone. b Sibton. c Eye. 

d Sudbury. e Felixstowe. f Lidgate Castle. 

Cokesford. 



i 9 6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Mappa In Lincolnshire. 

MundL Abbat: Brunne. 

Abbat: Simplingham* 

Abbat: Heverholme. 

Abbat: Sixlef S, Mariae. Can: albi et moniales. 

Abbat: Bulingtune? Can: albi et moniales. 

Abbat: Tupeholme. 

Abbat: Stikcweld* 

Prior: Grisetum.* 

Prior: Torholme? Can: nigri. 

Abbat: Catteley? Can. albi et moniales. 

Castellum de Cliford. 

Castellum de Swinesheved. 

In Leircestreshire. 

Prior: Berewedune.* Can. nigri. 
Prior: Calc: Can: nigri. 
Prior: Osuluestune^ Can: nigri. 
Prior: Stane. 1 Moniales nigrae. 

In Northamtunshire. 

Abbat: Bitlesden,^ S. Mariae. Man: albi. 

Abbat: de Withory.% Mon. nigri. 

Prior: Luffeld, S. Mariae. Monachi nigri. 

Prior: Cateby^ novus locus monialium de Semperhingham. 

Hospitale S. Joannis de Northampton. 

Castell: de Alderington.^ 

In Hertfordshire. 

Prior: de Bella loco. 1 Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Chille. Mon: nigrae. 
Prior: Chiltre. Mon: nigri. 

[* Perhaps Fristune, now Freston, is intended.] 

[t MS. has Bihesdtn.] [J Withrop in Stubbs.] 



* Sempringham. b Sixhill. Bollington. 

d Stikewold, or Stixwold. e Torkesey. f Catterley. 

8 Bredon. h Owston. 

1 ? Stone, in Staffordshire. k Alderton. ' Beaulieu. 



PART XI 197 

In Bedfordshire. Mappa 

Abbat: Helenestoke* S. Mariae. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Harwood* S. Petar. Mon: nigri. fo. 92 b. 

Prior: Beauliu, S. Mariae Magda. Monachi nigri de 
S. Albano. 

Prior: de Prato, S. Mariae. Mon: nigri S. Albani. 
Hospitale de Bedford, S. Joannis Baptistae. 

In Bukynghamshire. 

Abbat : de Paretresdune, 

Abbat: de Lavendene. Can: albi. 

Prior: de Bradeivelle, S. Mariae. Mon: nigri. 

Hospitale de Buckyngham, S. Joannis. 

Laundene Castelle, Hamslepe b Castelle. 

In Oxfordshire. 

Abbat: Briwere? 

Prior: Coges. Mon: nigri. 

Prior: Nortune* Can: nigri. 

Prior: Garingeyf S. Mariae. Mon: nigri. 

Prior: Brake ley, S. Mariae. Can: nigri. 

Hospitale de Nortune. 

Castellum de Bukeby. Castellum de Darington. 

In Wirecestreshire. 

Prior: Elnecester* Can: nigri. 
Prior: Cochelle.* Mon: albae.\ 
Hospitale S. Oswaldi. 

In Herefordshire. 

Prior: Bertune. Mon: nigri. 

Prior: Monemuth, S. Mariae, et Florentii. Mon: nigri. 

Hospitalia: Bertune, Salopesbyri, Bruge. 

[* Hanwood, MS.] [t Stubbs has nigrae.} 



Elstow. b Hanslope. c Bruerae. 

d Cold Norton. Goring. 

f ? Alcester, Warwick. Cokehill. 



198 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Mappa Castellum, Cnucin, Blancmister* 
Mundi. JVuvii, Time, Mete, Blodwelle, Cunetf 



fo. 96 b. * In Warwikeshire. 

Prior: Wrokeshale. Mon: nigrae. 
Prior: Hinewode. Mon: nigrae. 
Abbat: Merivaus? 

In Staffordshire. 

Prior: Lappele, S. Remigii. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Fairwel. Monachae \ nigrae. 
Prior: Briuern^ S, Mariae. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Briuern^ S. Leonardi. Mon: albae. 

In Derbyshire. || 

Prior: Derlege? vel Greslege. Can: nigri. 
Prior: Dereby S. Jacobi. Mon: nigri. 
Prior: Dereby. Mon: nigrae. 

In Yorkeshire. 
Castles: Sceltun, Kuninghburgh, Ferneltun^ 

In Richemontshire. 

Abbat: Eglestune, S. Mariae: Can: albi. 
Prior: Woderhale sanctorum trium. Mon: nigri. 

[* Blancmustier in Stubbs. All these hospitals, castles, and rivers 
"in Herefordshire" are under Shropshire in Stubbs' Gervase.] 

[t In the margin of the MS. here is noted, " Quaere reliqua folio 
sexto subsequenti," which appears to refer to the leaf further on, where 
Leland (whose writing was larger than Stow's), apparently finished copy- 
ing from the Mappa, in the midst of his notes from the lives of saints. 
I have, therefore, transferred this last portion between -X- -Jf from 
Stow's fo. 96 b, so as to bring the same subject together.] 

[J Moniales in Stubbs.] 

[ Brewood. The "Black ladies" were in Stafford, the "White 
ladies " over the border in Salop.] 

[|| MS. has Dorsetshire in error.] 

[IT Stubbs' copy has Cerveltune.] 



a Wroxall, Kenwood, and Merivale. b Darley Abbey. 



PART XI 199 

Prior: Ingelwde, S. Mariae, Mon: nigrae. 
Prior: Marrig, Mon: nigrae. 

In episcopatu Dunelmensi. 

Prior: Mai vel Segelbreg. Mon: nigrae. 
Prior: Brenkeburgh.* Can: nigri. 

In loeneis reg: Scot: 

Abbat: Mailros S. Mar: Mon: albi. 
Abbat: Drieburgh? Can: albi. 

In Waullia: provinc. Landaven. Forsan 

Prior- de Ft aw lie* Tgnm*ortane, 

mine Whit- 

, , ,. . land, out non 

In Banchoren : dtoecest. i on g e a ^ f0 

Prior: de Enisenae.\ Monac: albi. ioco - 

In episcop. S. Asaphe: 
Abbat: de Hudham. Mon: albae. * 

Ex vita Aidani abbatis, autort incerto. fo. 92 b. contd. 

Sedia ex regione Connactorum, pater S. Aidi, sive Aidani. 
Venit Aidanus% ex Hibemia in Britan. ad S. David 



Beda scrip sit vitam Aidani pontif: Lindifarn. 

Ex vita S. Albani. f 0> ^ a> 

Heraclius quidam miles coecus oculis restitutes precibus 
Albani martyris. Passus est Albanus 10. Cal. Jul. anno 
Dom. 286. 286. 

Anno Dom. 723. || Offa rex Merc: transtulit corpus 723. 
S. Albani, et monasterium in ejus gratiam construxit. 

[* Sic.] [t StubbshasEmzsenoc.] 

[J Aidani, MS.] 

[ See before, p. 178, note ||, and Horstmann's " Nova Legenda," i, 
p. 18.] 
[|| John of Tynemouth has this date 793 (Horstmann, i, p. 35).] 



Brinkburne, Northumb. b Melrose, Dryburgh. 

c Basselech, or Bassaleg, Monmouths. 



200 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Anno Dom. 914. regnante Ethelstano Dani rupto scrinio 
reliquias S. Albani in Daniam ad monaster. Owense trans- 
tulerunt, et aliquandiu ibi servaverunt donee Egwinus mon- 
achus S. Albani in Angliam caspio furto reduxit. 

Reliquiae S. Albani ob metum translatae in Ely insulam 
anno Dom. 1066. 

Dubium num remiserint Helienses vera ossa Albani. 

Herbertus Duke et miles.* 

Ex vita Aldelmi. 

709. Obiit Aldelmus anno Dom. 709. ab anno 9". factus est 
abbas Maildunens. 34. et episcop. sui anno 4,t 50. fere 
passuum milibus Mailduno? Translatum est corpus Aldelmi 
anno Dom. 949. 

Ex vita Alredi abbatis. 

Alredus abbas de Reuesbyf postea Rievallensis abbas. 

Alredus scripsit vitam Davidis regis Scotiae, et vitam 
Edwardi Confessoris, Margaretae reginae Scotiae, 33. omelias 
super onus Babilonis in Esaiam, 3. libros de spirituali ami- 
citia, de natura animae et quantitate et subtilitate libros 2. 
Multas quoque scripsit epistolas. 

Ex vita Amphibali. 

Amphibalus Verolamii flagellatus, postea jactu % lapidum 
occisus. 

Amphibali corpus a quodam Christiana tecte ablatum, ac 
sepultum || & Roberto nomine plebeio villa S. Albani prope 
Radeburne^ 3. vico Albani miliaribus, inventum est. 

fo. 93 b. Ex vita Anselmi archiepiscopi Cantuari: 

Anselmus ex nobilibus parentibus in Augustana dvitate 
Alpium natus. Monachus Beccensis sub Herlwino abbate. 
Anselmus invitatus ab Hugone ^[ comite Chestrensi venit in 
Angliam. Exulat ab Angl. Anselmus. 

[* Myles, MS.] [t Tynemouth says "anno quinto."] 

\%Jactum, MS.J [ Christianus, .MS.] 

[|| Stow forgot the /, so the word looks like sepilum in MS.] 
[IF Iwvitata ab Hogone, MS.] 

a Malmesbury. b Revesby, Line. 



PART XI 201 

Ex vita S. Audoeni archiepiscopi Rothomag. 
Reliquiae Audoeni translatae in Angliam tempore Edgari 
regis. 

Ex vita Barptolomei Monachi. 

Barptolomeus ex provincia Whiteby ortus. 

Barptolemeus Norwegiam petiit. 

Barptolemeus fit monachus Dunelmensis> et postea Prior, 

Barptolemeus obiit in insula Farnen: " Ha\ify insulam 
Farnensem vetusta longaevitas quasdam perhibet aves in 
colere quae aves S. Cutheberthi ab incolis appellantur. Tem- 
pore nidificationis ibi conveniunt, et tantae mansuetudinis 
gratim a loci sanctitate possident, ut humanos contactus et 
aspectus non abhorreant. Quietem amant. Secus altare 
quaedam ovis cubant, nullusque eas laedere praesumit. Ova 
sibi et ceteris hospitibus fratres apponunt. Cum masculis in 
aequore victum aves illae quaerunt. Pulli cum creantur, 
matres sequuntur, et patrias undas semel ingresst, ad nidos 
non revertuntur." * 

Ex vita S. Benigni. 

Benignus relicta Hibernia Glastoniam venit. 
Anno Dom. 1091. translatae sunt reliquiae Benigni Glas- 
toniam. 

Ex vita Bemad episcopi. 

Bernacus Romam petit^ deinde Minorem Britanniam. 
Bernacus venit in Demeticam provinc. id est, Southe Wals. 
Obiit 7. Id. Aprilis. 

Ex vita Birini episcopi. 

Birinus in Britanniam ab Honorio pont: Ro: missus. 
Birinus applicuit apud Occident: Saxones. fo. 94 a. 

Birinus Kinegilsum regem West-Saxonum^ ac Oswaldum 
regem Northumbr: baptizavit. 

Kynegilsus dedit Dorchester S. Birino. 

Birinus anno Dom. 635. Canon: seculares instituit apud 635. 

[* Hanc insulam . . . revertuntur, quoted from John of Tynemouth. 
Horstmann, "Nov. Leg.," i, p. 104.] 
[t West-Saxones, MS.] 



202 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Dorchestar. Sedes translata a Dorchester Lincolniam per 
Remigium episcopum. 

Alexandar episcopus Lincolne institute Canon: regulares 
apud Dorchester. Obiit Birinus 3. Nonas Decembar. 

Ex vita Bonifacii episcopi* 

Bonifacius fit monachus in Exancestre? et postea petiit 
Huntscel f monaster: ubi venerabilis Winbertus abbas praefuit. 

Bonifacius Thuringiam petit, et postea in Frisia foetus 
adjutor Willebrordi episcopi. 

Bonifacius Saxones et Hessos petit. Bonifacius Orthof 
monasterium construxit. 

Multi ex Anglia confluunt ad Bonifacium. 

Construxit Bonifacius 2. monasteria, unum in Frideslare* 
in honorem Petri, alterum in Amanaburgh c in honorem 
S. Michaelis. 

Bonifacius senex episcopus Willebaldum et Burghardum 
facit episcopos in intimis Orient. Francorum partibus. 

Occisus Bonifacius Non. Jun. anno peregrinationis suae 45. 
episcop. sui 36. mensibus et dies 6. J 

Fuldense Lullo episcopus corpus ejus perduxit ad Folde monaster: 

monasterium. quod ipse construxerat juxta Moguntiam d prope flumen. 

Ethelbaldus rex Merc: a Beornredo occisus et apud Re- 
pendon sepultus. 

Ex vita Saint Botulphi. 

Botulphus et Adulphus " natalibus germana nativitate et 
charitate " ex gente Saxonica. 

Adulphus fit episcopus Trajectensis? Botulphus in Bri- 

[* Compare these notes from Tynemouth's life of Boniface with those 
from Grandison's " Legenda sanctorum," Leland, vol. i, p. 232.] 

ft "Nutscelle, Nuscelle" (Horstmann, "Nov. Leg. Ang.," i, 122). 
Sir E. M. Thompson has Nutshalling or Nursling, near Winchester 
("Diet Nat. Biog."). 

[J The dates of death of Boniface according to Tynemouth's Life 
should be, "peregrinationis suae 40, A.D. 755, episcopatus sui 36, 
mensibus 6, diebus 6." (Horstmann, i, p. 127.)] 



a Exeter. b Fritzlar, in Hesse. 

c Amoneburg, on the Ohm r. d Fulda, Mentz on the Rhine. 

e Utrecht. 



PART XI 203 

tanniam rediit. Botulphus Icanno locum construendo mona- 
sterio aptum ab Ethelmundo rege accepit, ubi ad temporis* 
heremus erat. 

Obiit Botulphus in Icanno 15. Cal. Jun. et ibidem sepultus fo. 94 b. 
est. 

Icanho a monaster: ab Inguaro et Hubba destructum. 

Ulkitellus monachus jussu Ethelwoldi episcopi Winton: 
transtulit corpora Botulphi et Adulphi Thorneiam, 

Erat tune temporis in Icanho sacellum in quo solus pres- 
biter sacra faciebat. 

" Construxit S. Ethehvoldus non longe a monasterio 
Thornemi in loco ubi beata virgo Christi Thoma J $ inclusa 
fuerat, lapideam ecclesiolam delicatiss: cameratam cancellulis 
et duplici area, 3. dedicatam altaribus permodicis undique 
usque ad ejus muros vallatam arboribus diversi generis. 
Sedem ibi heremiticam si permisisset deus sibi elegit" 

Ex vita S. Bregwini archiepiscopi. 

Bregwinus in Saxonia ortus. Bregwinus relicta patria in 
Angliam venit. 

Seint Bregwinus successit Cutheberto Anglo in archiepisco- 
patu Cantuari: 

Cuthbertus ex illustri Anglorum: familia ortus ecclesiam 
in orientali parte majoris ecclesiae, eidem pene contiguam, in 
honore Joannis Baptistae "fabricavit, ut et baptisteria et ex- 
aminationes judiciorum pro diversis caussis ad correctioncm 
scelerum inibi celebrarentur, et archiepiscoporum corpora in ea 
sepelirentur, sublata de media antiqua consuetudine, qua eat- 
enus in eccl: apost: Petriet Pauli corpora antecessorum suorum 
tumulari solebant."\ 

Bregimnus expletis in archiepiscopatu 3. annis obiit 7. Call. 
Septembar^ et in ecclesia S. Joannis sepelitur. 

[* Sic, but " longo tempore" were the words probably intended to 
be copied.] 

[t Toua in Tynemouth, from whom this passage is copied. (Horst- 
mann, i, 133.)] 

[t Tynemouth (Horstmann, i, 134).] 

[ Aug. 24. Godwin, says Hearne.] 



* Icanhoc, or Ycanno, Lincolns. 



204 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Eccksia Cantuar. cum ecclesia S. Joannis igne consumptae* 

Lanfrancus postea ecclesiam "reparavit^etin ecclesiamnovam 

corpora sanctorum episcoporum in aquilonari parte super 

fo. 95 a. voltam sub singulis locellis decenter collocavit. In ilia enim 

conflagratione quanta damna locus ipse perpessus sit, nullus 

edicere potest: scilicet in auro, in argento, in libris divinis et 

secularibus." Privilegia regum et episcoporum ex integro 

corrupta t sunt. 

Ex vita S. Brithuni. 

Brithunus Anglus institutus abbas Deinvald, ubi nunc 
Beverlege. a S, Joanne episcopo Ebora : sepultus est Beverlaci. 

Ex vita Caradoci. 

Caradocus ortus in provincia de Brekenauc, 

Caradocus vixit in Art insula, quam Norwegenses abducto 

eo spoliabant; sed postea insulae restituerunt. 

Richardus, Tancredus et Flandrenses missi% in Walliam 

infesti Caradoco heremitae. Obiit anno Dom. 1124. Carado- 

cus, et in Menevensi ecclesia sepultus est. 

Ex vita Karatod. 

Carantacus y filius Roderici regis. Carantocus fuit in 
Hibernia 30. annis ante nativitatem S. Danielis. 

Ex vita Cedd episcopi. 

Successit Saberto regi Swithelinus filius Sexbaldi> qui ab 
ipso Cedd baptizatus est. 

Cedd recepit ab Ethelwaldo, filio Oswaldi regis Deirorum, 
Lestingey* locum monaster: condendo in montibus arduis et 
remotis, in quo monasterium secundum ritum Lindifernensis 
ecclesiae instituit. 

Cedd episcopus Orient: Sax: obiit in Lestingay tempore 
pestis. Successit Cedd in monasterio Cedda ejus frater. 

[* The original words are "ecclesiam . . . vorax flamina consump- 
sit," utilized for the abstract.] 

[t Consumpta, in Tynemouth.] [J Missim, MS.] 

[ The MS. has inperecepit '; it should be accepit (accipere in Tyne- 
mouth) or recepit. ] 

a Lastingham, Yorks. 



PART XI 205 

Fratres 20. venientes exmonaster: Ceddin regione Orient: 
Saxonum venerunt Lestingey, et omnes praeter unum peste 
mortui. 

Ex vita Ceddae episcopi. 

Cedda agente Wulphero Merc: rege, et Theodora archi- 
episcopo Cantuar: fit episcopus Mer: et Lindispharorum. 

Vixit Cedda in episcop: Lichefeldensi z. annis et dim. fo. 95 b. 
Barwe * in provincia Lindispharorum locus 50. familiarum 
datus ab Wulphero Ceddae construendo monasterio. " Habuit 
autem Cedda sedem apud Lichefeld, ubi sibi mansionem fecerat 
non longe ab ecclesia remotiorem, in qua secretius cum 7. vel 
8. sociiSy quotiens a labore et ministerio verbi vacabat, orare 
et legere solebat" f Owinus primus olim ministrorum S. Ethel- 
drede monachus postea apud Ceddam. 

Ex vita S. Clari. 

Edwardus % tempore Edmundi regis Angliae fuit in Or- 
thestria, et Clarus mare petit, et apud Caesaris burgum a in 
Normannia applicuit. 

Clarus monasteriolum construxit in nemore juxta Heptam b 
flu: in pago Wlcassino.^ Clari captum abscisum tyrannide 
potentis, quam || ille turpiter aim || amante fugiebat. 

Ex vita S. Clitanci. 

Clitancus Southe-Walliae regulus inter venandum a suis 
sodalibus occisus est. Ecclesia S. C lit and in Southe- Wallia. 

Ex vita S. Eanswidae, filiae Edbaldi> regis Cantiae, 
et Emmae. 

Elegit Eanswida locum a vulgi frequentia remotum Fulke- 11 Fulkstant 
stan nominatum, ubi et pater ejus Edbaldus in honorem Petri in 
apost: ecclesiam construxit. 

[* Stow has Wanae as catch- word at bottom of fo. 95 a, but the name 
in Tynemouth is Barwe, " terram 50 familiarum donavit " rex Wlferus.] 
[t Horstmann, "Nova Legenda," i, 186.] 
[t Edwardy, MS.] 

[ Wells interlined above Wlccusino in MS.] 
[|| Qua, eum, MS.] [H Not in Stow's hand.] 

* Cherbourg. b Epta r. 



206 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

" Ibi ergo ex parte man's quo remotior did fur esse ab ipsis 
ruricolis hujusmodi competentem fundavit ecdesiam cum qfficinis 
sibi suisque comitibus prqfessioni ejus necessaries, a plena tamen 
man's gurgite septem jugerum latitudine, i.e. 20. perticarum, * 
distantem, quae hodie nusquam apparet. Terra namque a mari 
paulatim consumpta, post longum seculum corruit, et ripa 
man's coemiterium hausit" 

o. 963. Ex vita S. Ebbae. 

Ebbafilia Ethelfridi regis Bernisiorum. 

Eanfridus et Oswaldus tantum filii Ethelfridi ex Acca y 
filia Ellae regis Deirorum. 

Oswi, qui postea rex^filius Ethelfridi ex concubina. 

Cadanus t Scottus Ebbam amavit. 

Ebba abbas Coludi urbis, i.e. Coldingham. Duo lympidi 
fontes in Coludi urbe. Coludi urbs 6. (8.) J milliaribus distat 
a Berwico boream versus. 

Ex vita S. Eadburgae. 

Cantuariae vero in coenobio scriptum reperi quod anno 
1085. Domini 1085. ab archiepiscopo Lanfranco fuerunt de tumults 
sanctarum Mildredae et Edburgae in Thanato insula elevatae 
reliquae^ et in eccl: beati Gregorii, quam paulo ante Can- 
tuariae ad pauperum solamen constructam ditaverat, collo- 
catae. 

Ex vita Edmundi martins. 

Edmundus et Edwoldus filii Alkmundi ex Siuara. 

Offa rex Est-Angl. peregre proficiscens ad cognatum suum 

Alkmundum^ in Saxonia commorantem^ pervenit, ibique Ed- 

mundum ejus || filium in heredem adoptavit. 

Ex vita Edwoldi fratris Edmundi. 

Edwoldus vitam heremiticam duxit apudfontem argenteum 
in Dorsetshir. 

[* Tynemouth and Capgrave say 28 perches. (Horstmann, i, 297.)] 

[t John of Tynemouth has Adamnanus (Horstmann, i, p. 304). 
Capgrave (says Hearne) has Eadanus."\ ' 

[J The figure 8 is interlined over 6 in the MS., no doubt following 
a correction by Leland, but Tynemouth has 6.] 

[ Est Siuarae, MS., Stew's error.] [|| is, MS.] 



PART XI 



207 



Ossa S. Edwoldi translata Cernelium a procurante comite 
Almaro tempore Dunstani. 

Almarus comes fundavit monasterinm Cerneliense. 

Ex vita Elfledae. 

Elfleda filia Ethelwoldi et Brightwinae nata in Clara Clara, Kings- 
munidpio. Brightwina mortuo marito Claram dedit tempore c ^ ere ln South- 
Edgari regis monaster: Rumesiensi* amptonshire. 

Elfleda autore Edgaro rtge fit monacha Rumesiae sub 
Merwenna abbatissa. Successit Merwennae Elwina, Elwinae 
vero Elfleda. Elwina cognito adventu Swani Dani fugit cum 
fortunis Wintoniam. Rumesia a Swano depraedata. 



Ex vita S. Erkendwaldi. 

Erkenwaldus et Ethelburga, ejus sorer, nati in castro, seu 
villa, de Stallingeburg in Lindesiea ex prosapia Offae regis 
East-Angliae. 

Erkenwaldus filius Offae regis Est-Angliae. 

Erkenwaldus abbas Ceortesey, deinde episcopus London. 

Erkenwaldus foundator monaster ii de Ceortesey etBerkinge, 
quae suo patrimonio ditavit* Hildelitha transmarina prima 
abbatissa de Berkynge, et institutrix Ethelburgae. 

Seint Erkenwoldus obiit apud Berkynge. Conflagravit Lon- 
dinum tempore Mauritii episcopi London. Ignis incepit a 
porta Occident: et pervenit ad portam orientalem. 

Mauritius novae ecclesiae Paulinae inceptor. Richardus 
episcopus Mauritii successor, muros ecclesiae mirabiliter auxit. 
Richardus coemiterium Paulinae f ecclesiae muro sepsit. 

Gilbertus Universak ex Altisiodoro civitate Galliae vocatus 
fit episcopus London. Gilbertus tectum novo operi Paulinae 
ecclesiae London superimposuit. 

Translatum est corpus Erkenwaldi anno Dom. 1140. 14. 
die Novembris. 

Ex vita S. Ethelwoldi episcopi Vent. 
Ethelwoldus Wintoniae natus. 



fo. 96 b. contd. 



fo. 973. 



From the 
west to the 
est. 



1140. 



[* Distavit, MS.] 



[f Pawliae, MS.] 



Cerne Abbas. 



b Romsey, Hants. 



208 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Ex vita S. Fiacrii. 
Fiacrius in Hibernia natus. 

Ex vita Finani episcopi. 

Finanus, qui et Winninus, Caprei et Lasarae filius^ in 
media provinc : Hiberniae natus. 

Ex vita Fremundi. 

Fremundus Offae regis et Batildae filius. 

Fremundus uno anno et dim: successit patri suo Offa^ 
viventi in regno. 

Fremondus relicto reg: ad quandam insulam heremiticam * 
acturus vitam navigavit, sumptis secum 2. presbiteris, Burg- 
hardo, qui ejus f vitam conscripsit, et Edbritho. 

Inguar et Hubba in Angliam venientibus, Offa Fremundum 
late quaerit et invenit. 

Fremundus divino consilio Danis se opponit et vindt. 

Oswy dux exerdtus Offae invidens gloriae Fremundi^ caput 

ei in sidiis % amputavit quinto Id. Maii area annum Dom. 

866. 866. inter Uchington* et Hareburebyry. Fremundi corpus 

fo. 97 b. sepultum apud Offa-churche infra domus regiae septum. Sepul- 

chrum Fremundi inventum in loco quo confiuunt Charwelle et 

Brademere. Ecclesia S. sacerdotum in ripa Charwell prope 

sepulchrum Fremundi; unde a quodam Adelberto translatus 

est una cum S. Presbyteris ad Redicum^ ubi ab eo facta est 

eccksia. 

Ex Collectaneis ^[ Gervasii monachi Cantuari: 
de regibus Angliae. 

MylthrudiS) quae et Mildritha, monialis de Minstre in 
insula Thanet. 

[* Heremitam, MS.] [f ts, MS.] 

[t Ejus insidiis. Heame.~\ 

[ A place not far from Banbury (Horstmann, "Nov. Leg. Ang.," 
i, 454, note 10).] 

[II Stow writes Reditu, but no doubt here, as sometimes elsewhere 
he hastily misread c for /.] [IT Collectum, MS.] 



a Long Itchington, Warw. 



PART XI 209 

Success it Osredo in regno Northumbar: Ethelbertus, qui et 
Etheldredus dictus est. Fuit filius Mollonis; qui Mollo et 
Ethelwoldus dicebatur. 

Cedwalla rex dedit S. Wilfrido quartam partem insulae 
Vectae, et villam quae dicitur Paggenham. 

Ethelwolphus rex West-Sax, qui et Adulphus dictus est. 

In hac nova foresta postmodum duo ejus filii Richardus in 
collo, Guhelmus in pectore sagittis confossi. 

Monasterium de Wiltune captum a * Roberto comite 
Glocestr: quod incastellatttm fuerunt a contra Stephani rege f 
et fratre ejus Henrico episcopo Winton. etc. ut Stephanus cum 
fratre, relictis vasis argenteis, turpiter fugerit. 

Confirmata pax inter Stephanum et Henricum opera GuL 
comitis Arundek. 

" Unde Eustachius, regis Stephani filius, pro pace inita 
iracundiae felle commotus recessit a patre, etcum in patrimonio 
S. Edmundi in die S. Laurentii saeviret indignans ad mensam 
sedens \in\sanus effectus vitam finivit, et apud Faversham se- 
pultus est, sicut et mater "\ Gul. filius regis Stephani ' junior \ 
de equo corruit super Berhamdune, et tibiam fregit. 

Coenobium de Boxley consensu Stephani a GuL de Ypra 
fundatum est. 

Rex Henricus 2. applicuit in Penbroke, inde cum classe in 
Hiberniam iturus.\ 

Johannes rex cum Huberto archiepiscopo Cantuariae na- 
vim*h apud Shoreham conscendit habiturus colloquium cum 
rege Fraunce. 

Hactenus ex collectaneis GcruasiL fo. 98 a. 

Ex annalibus incerti autoris. 

Anno Dom. 1 290. Gul. de Breosa senior obiit apud Findon, 1290. 
et sepultus est in monaster: de Sele.* 

[* h added by Hearne.] 

[t For this passage Hearne suggests the better reading, "quod in- 
castellatum fuerat contra eum a Stephano rege," etc.] 

[t Quoted, see "Gesta Regum," Gervase of Canterbury, Rolls Series, 
vol. ii, p. 76.] 

[%Junitr, MS.] [|| Inturus, MS.] [IT Cantuare navi, MS.] 



a Sele, Sussex. 
V. P 



210 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Anno Dom. 1291. Joanna, filia regis Edwardi primi ) et 
comitissa Glocestriae, Gilbertum filium suum primogenitum 
peperit apud Theokesbyri. 

1292. Anno Dom. 1292. 15. Cal. Apri. obiit apud Chilham. 
Domina Isabella de Dovora, comitissa de Assele. Sepulta est 
Cantuar: in ecdesia Christi. 

Anno Dom. 1292. Non: Februarii obiit Ananias episcopus 

Assaphensis. Fuit de ord. Praedic. Eodem anno 8. Id. 

Apri: Leulinus de Bronflite* electus in episcopum Assaphen: 

Fuit ante can : Assaphensis. 

1294. Anno Dom. 1294. rex Edwardus i. constitidt Gull, de 

Leyburne capitaneum navium suarum. 

742. Anno Dom. 742. Cuthbertus archiepiscopus Cantuari: 

celebravit concilium apud Clovesho, praesente rege Ethelbalde. 

694. Anno Dom. 694. Withredus rex Cantiae, et Bright- 

waldus archiepiscopus Cantuar: cehbraverunt concilium in 

Bakechild* 

Werburga regina uxor Withredi. Alricus filius Withredi. 

Kent. Ex libro Gervasii monachi Cantuar. de vitis archi- 

episcoporum Cantuar: ecclesiae.* 

Augustinus praepositus monasterii quod est adclivum Scauri 
Romae a Greg: pont. Ro: \$.annoim,per: Mauritii Augusti 
in Britan: cum aliis monachis missus sociis ante omnibus 
cirdter 40. Applicuit Augustinus in Thaneto. 

Augustinus Doroberniam veniens permissu\ Ethelberti regis 
ecclesiam S. Martini celebrat, oratorium tune temporis Berthae 
reginae. 

Augustinus jussu % Gregorii consecratus in episcopum ab 
Eleutherio Arelatensi episcopo. 

/Augustinus in ecdesia Salvatoris Dorobern: monachos in- 
stituit. 

Ethelbertus instinctu\ August: monasterium Petro et 

[* Gervase, Rolls Ser., vol. ii, p. 325, etc.] 

[t Permtssa, MS.] 

[J Hearne. The word is imperfectly written by Stow.] 

[ MS. has instructu.] 



a Leoline Bromfield. b Bapchild, Kent. 



PART XI 211 

Pawlo extra muros Dorober :* constmxit, locum videlicet Kent. 
sepulturae regum et archiepiscoporum Cantiae. 

Tria pallia tempore August : in Britan. a Gregor. pont. 
Ro. missa. 

August: sedit annis 16. Sepultus est in ecclesia Petri. fo. 98 b. 

Successit LaurentiuS) qui tyrannidem Edbaldi filii Ethel- 
berti mefuens, relictttrus Cantiam erat : sed divino oraculo 
monitus in Britan. permansit,\ et Edbaldum regem ad 
Christianismum revocavit. 

Sedit annis 5. Obiit 4. No. Febru. et sepultus est in 
ecclesia S. Petri Dorobern : 

Millitus primus London, episcopus Successit, vir pedibus 
aeger, animo valens. Praefuit annis 5. Obiit 8. Call. Matt. 
Sepultus est Dorobern. in ecclesia S. Petri. 

Successit Justus prius episcopus Rofensis. Sedit annis 3. 
Obiit 4. Id. Novembar. Sepultus Dorobern. in ecclesia S. 
Petri. 

Successit Honoritts. Hie misit Felicem Burgund. at evang: 
praedicaret provinc. Orient. Angl. 

Sedit Honorius annis 19. Obiit 2. Id. Octobar. Vacavit 
sedes anno uno, mensibus 6. Sepultus in ecclesia S. Petri. 

Successit Deus dedit de gente West- Sax. oriundus. Sedit 
ann. 10. Obiit 2. Id. Jul. Sepultus est in ecclesia S. Petri. 
Vacavit sedes annis 3- 

Successit Theodorus. || Hie Adrianum ab Ebroino dimissum 
fecit abbatem in monaster : Petri Dorobern. Omnes Britan : 
episcopi submittebant se Theodoro. Sedit annis 22. Obiit 
anno aetatis suae 88. Sepultus est in monasterio ^[ Petri et 
Pawli Dorobern. 

Successit Brighiwaldus abbas Raculf monasterii^ quod est 
juxtaflu: Gearland.** Consecratus est a Godwino Galliarum 
metropolitano. Sedit annis 37. et mensibus 6. Obiit quinto 
Id. Januarii. 

[* Dorobernia or Durovernum. apparently the name of the Roman 
town which preceded Canterbury. Leland refers to the church and 
monastery of SS. Peter and Paul ("extra muros," the first place of 
Christian burial) as at Dorobernia throughout; he continues the name 
even after the time of Cuthbert, who built a special chapel of St. John the 
Baptist near the cathedral, in which the archbishops should be buried.] 

[t Primansit, MS.] [ F. Primus.} [ Anno MS.] 

[|| Theodoritts, MS.] [IT Monaster ie, MS.] 

[** Geanlade, Gervase, ii, 343.] 



212 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent. Successit Tatwinus presbiter monasterii Briudun in provinc. 
Merc. Sedit annis 3. Obiit 3. Calend. Augttst. 

Successit Nothelmus * presbiter London, et monachus Sedit 
annis quinque. Obiit 16. Cal. Novembris. Sepultus est Doro- 
berniae in ecclesiae Petri et Pawlli. 

Successit Cuthebertus prius episcopus Hereforden : Hie 
aedificavit sacellum S. Joannis in orient : parte ecclesiae Petri, 
et sepulchrum sibi suisque successoribus. Sedit annis 17. 
Obiit 7. Cal. Novembris. sepultus in ecclesia S. Joannis quam 
ipse construxit. 

fo. 99 a. Successit Bregwi\n\us. Sedit annis 3. Obiit '8. Call. Sept- 
embar. sepultus in sacello S. Joannis. 

Successit Jambertus f abbas ecclesiae S. Augustini Doro- 
berniae. Sinodus celebrata apud Chealchite. Sedit Jambertus 
annis 5. Obiit 4. Decembris. Sepultus est in ecclesia S. 
Joannis Baptistae Doroberniae. 

Successit Athelardus quidam abbas. Hie recuperavit pallium 
sedisuae ab Offa rege ablatum ac Lichefildensi ecclesiae collatum. 
Celebravit concilium apud Cloves ho. Sedit annis 13. Sepul- 
tus est in ecclesia S. Joannis Bapt. Dorobern. 

Successit Wulfredus. Hie dedit quasdam terras Werebardo % 
cognato suo, quas ille moriturus ecclesiae Cantuar: restituit. 
Sedit annis 38. Sepultus est Dorobern. 

Successit Flegildus || abbas electus 7. Call. Maii, ordinatus 
v. Id. Jul. Obiit 3. Call. Septembar. 

Successit Chelnothus Cantuar: ecclesiae^ id est, prior, 
decanus, electus 3. Call. Jul. consecratus eodem anno vi. Call. 
Septem. Hie primis episcopatus annis quinque tantum mona- 
chos habuit in sua eccl : ceteris peste consumptis. 

Dani hoc tempore Cantiam vastabant. Presbyteri et clerici 
in missi monacus ** psallebant in choro Cantuar : Sedit annis 
41. Sepultus est Dorobern : 

Successit Athelredus primo monachus Cantuar: postea 

[* MS. has Nothelinus, an easy error.] 

[t Orjaenbert, Stubbs.] [J IVerekardo, Stubbs.] 

[ Morturus, MS.] 

[|| Feologild, Stubbs.] 

[IT Hearne suggests for this sentence, " ecclesiae decanus, id est, 
prior " as the right succession of words, which agrees with Gervase, ii, 
pp. 348, 349.] 

[** Hearne suggests "immixti monachis" as intended.] 



PART XI 213 

episcopus Wiltoniensis, Sedit annis 18. Obiit anno Dom. Kent. 
893. Vacavit sedes 2. ann. 893. 

Successit Plegemundus, qui in Cestria insula, quae dicitur 
ab incolis Plegmundesham, per annos plurimos heremiticam 
duxerat vitam. 

Septem ecdesias episcopis destitutas episcopis insignivit. 
Sedit ann. 34. Sepultus est Dorobern. in ecclesia Christi. 

Successit * Wulfelmus Wellensis episcopus. Sedit ann. 13. 

Successit Odo Scireburn : episcopus, qui cum esset clericus, 
habitum monachialem suscepit. Hie pelicem ab aula Edwini 
regis facie candenti ferro notamt. Hie transtulit reliquias 
Wi^f^ridi a Ripensi ecclesia Cantuar : 

Hie tectum Cantuar : ecclesiae vetustate eorruptum reparavit. 

Incertum quot annis sedit. 

Successit Elf sins episcopus Winton. cognomento Lippe. fb. 99 b. 
Obiit inter eundum Romam in Alpibus. 

Successit Brightelmus Dorsetensis episcopus. Hie parum 
idoneus visus postea Dorsetensem repetit ecclesiam. 

Sttccessit Dunstanus Wigorn : episcopus. Sedit annis 33. 
Obiit 988. anno aetatis suae 7[o]. 988. 

Successit Ethelgarus Selesigensis episcopus. Sedit an. i. 
mensibus 3. 

Successit Siricus episcopus Wiltuniensis. Sedit annis 5. Se- 
pultus est Dorobern. 

Successit Elfricus Shirebumensis episcopus. Sedit annis n. 

Successit Elphegus natalibus clarus monachus de Deorhurste, 
electus^ anno Dom. 1006. aetatis suae anno 53. Hujus 1006. 
tempore direpta et tota miserrime spoliata a Danis Can- 
tuaria, ac postea concremata. 

Finianus \ abbas S. Augustini abire permittitur. Godui- 
nus episcopus captus, et Leofruna abbatissa monasterii S. 
Mildrethae. 

Elphegus archepiscopus captus, et carcere septem mensibus 
detentus, et deinde a Thrum Dano occisus 13. Call. Maii. 
Sedit ann. 6. mensibus 7. Sepultus primo London, in ecclesia 
S. Fault, postea translatus Cantuari : 

Successit Livingus Wellensis episcopus. Sedit ann. 7. 

Egeinothus decanus Cantuari : ecclesiae Successit. Decani 

[* Athelm of Wells, Wulfelm's predecessor, is omitted here.] 

[t Dectus, MS.] 

[j Elmarus is the name in Gervase, ii, 360.] 



2i 4 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, nomen tempore Ansdmi mutatum in nomen Prioris. Sedit 
ann. 17. Obiit 4. Call. Novembar. Sepultus est in ecclesia 
Christi. 

Successit Eadsinnus episcopus Wentanus, capellanus Ha- 
raldi regis.* Sedit ann. n. Obiit 5. Call. Novembar. 

Successit Robertus, genere Norman nus, episcopus London, 
ante monachus Gemeticensis* Sedit ann. 2. 

Stigandus, quondam Australium Sax. episcopus, postea in- 
vasor Winton. sedis,\ invasit sedem J Cantuar : Roberto ad- 
huc vivente. Sedit ann. 18. Obiit Winton. in car cere. Vac- 
avit sedes 2. annis. 

Successit Lanfrancus abbas Cadomen : natione Longoberdus, 
filius Harebaldi et Rosae. 

fo. looa. Celebravit Lanfrancus 6. concilia, primum Wintonia, 2. 
London. 3. Wintonia. 4. London. 5. Claudia. 6. Glocestria. 

Lanfrancus renovavit ecclesiam Christi Cantuari: 

Lanfrancus \\ reparavit ecclesiam S. Andreae apud Ro- 
chestar. 

Lanfrancus reparavit ecclesiam S. Albani. 

Lanfrancus ecclesiam S. Gregorii extra Cantuari: et hos- 
pitale afundamentis inchoavit. 

Lanfrancus ecclesiam S. Nicholai ad occidentem Cantuariae, 
et ho spit ale leprosorum fecit. Sedit annis 19. Obiit 5. Call. 
Jun. Sepultus est in ecclesia Christi Cantuar: Vacavit sedes 
ann. 4. 

Successit Anselmus abbas Beccensis. Natus in Augusta 
civitate patre Gundulpho, matre Ermenberga. Consecratus 
1093. anno Dom. 1093. Discordia inter regem et Anselmum pro 
auctoritate Ro. pont. 

Anselmus exulatus quia*^ refutavit accipere pallium a manu 
regis. Restituttts sedi Anselmus. Sedit annis 16. Obiit n. 
Call. Maii in anno Dom. 1109. aetatis suae anno 76. 

Successit Radulphus Rofensis episcopus, quondam Sagiensis b 
abbas. Successit Radulpho in Rofensi sede Ernulphus abbas 
de Burgo. Lis magna inter Thurstanum archiepiscopum 

[* Haraldy reges, MS.] [t Sets, MS.] 

[J Dedem, MS.] [ Vacuit, MS.] 

[|| Lanfrankecus, MS.] [IT MS. has exulatiqua.] 



a Jumieges. b Seez, in Normandy. 



PART XI 215 

Ebora : et Radulphum Cantuar. Sedit annis 8. mensibus Kent. 
6. Obiit 3. Callend. Novembar. 

Successit Gul, Corbuil can. S. Osithes. Ab Honorio pont. 
Ro. factus est legatus in Anglia et Scotia. Collegium cleri- 
corum Dovariae suppressit^ et novum coenobium monachorum 
in australi parte oppidi pro eo construxit. Sedit ann. 15. 
Obiit Cantuar. 6. Call. Decembris. Vacavit sedes annis 2. 

Successit Theobaldus abbas Becccnsis? Tcmpore Theobaldi 
propter litem inter eum et Henricum episcopitm Winton : 
fratrem regis Stephani de titulo legati, advenerunt multi 
caussidici in Angliam. Tune primus horum magister Vacarius 
in Oxenfordia legem docuit. 

Lumber tus primus abbas de Boxley. Claribaldus primus fo. loob. 
abbas de Fauresham. Exulat Theobaldus ob depositionem 
Gul. Ebora : pont. in Remensi concilia. 

Redit Theobaldus ad sedem mortuo rege Stephana. Sedit 
Theobaldus ann. 22. Obiit 14. Call. Maii anno Dom. 1161. 1161. 
Sepultus est in ecclesia Christi. 

Successit Thomas Beket archiep. Cantuar: saTituar : * et 
cancellar : regis. Sedit ann. 9. Obiit 4. Callend. Januarii. 

Successit Richardus natione Norman : monach : Cantuar : 
et Prior Doverensis coenobii. 

Godefridus episcopus S. Asaph resignavit annulum episcop : 
Richardo Cantuar: in concilio Westmonaster : 

Richardus regio edicto canon : seculares expulit ab Walt- 
ham^ et can. regulares induxit. Sedit ann. 10. mensibus 8. 
Obiit apud Hallinges. Sepultus in ecclesia Christi in oratorio 
beatae Mariae. 

Successit Baldewinus episcopus Wigorn: antea abbas de 
Forda. 

Balduinus Exoniae ex infimo genere natus. 

Balduinus a Barptolemeo episcopo Exon. factus archid: 
Exon. 

Baldinus fit monachus in Forda, et postea abbas. 

Mortuo Rogero episcopo Wigorn : Successit Balduinus. 

Consilio Baldewini omnes episcopi Angliae studebant 

[* This sentence must be wrongly copied; perhaps " archiepiscopi 
Cantuar. familiar, et cancellar." is intended.] 

a Abbey of Bee, Normandy. 



2i6 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Kent, monachos ab eccltsiis cathedralibus* expellere, et dericos 
introducere. 

Baldewinus novam ecclesi : Cantuar : fabricavit, stnatam f 
ab eccle : monachorum, ubi jus sit dericos suos domos % 7. 
mansionarias facere. 

Baldwinus monachos Cantuar : duriter tractat. 

Ecclesia cl Balduino incepta Cantuariae, et domus mansio- 
nariae eidem adjunctae demolitae. Baldwinus lapideam 
ecdesiam apud Lamhith prope London : ineepit, et domus 
mansionarias ibidem pro dericis suis fabricavit. Sedit annis. 
5. mensibus n. Obiit in obsidione civitatis Aeon, et ibidem 
sepultus est. Capella de Hakington, opus Balduini Cantuar : 
jussu Celestini pont : Ro : demolita est. 

Successit Hubertus primo ecdesiae Ebora : decanus, postea 
episcopus Saresbiriensis. 

"Hubertus Sarisberi : episcopus apud Aeon in omnium oculis 
fo. 101 a. gratiosuS) et in re militari adeo magnificus ut etiam regi 
Richardo esset admirandus. Erat enim statura procerus, con- 
silio providus, ingenio callens, licet non eloquio pollens. Cum 
praefecto quondam Angliae Ranulpho || de Glanvilla quodam- 
modo ^[ regnum Angl. regebat, eo quod ipsius maxime consilio 
idem Ranulphus frueretur." Sepelivit Balduinum apud Aeon. 
Capella de Lamhith jussu pont : Ro. solo tenus complanata. 
Hie Hubertus Cantuar: infestiss.fuit Giraldo ** archiepiscopo 
Menevensi, qui pro pallio ecdesiae Menevensi^ restituendo 
strenue laborabat Romae.\% Sedit annis IT. mens. 8. diebus 
12. Obiit 3. Id. Jut. in villa de Tenham. 

Hactenus ex Gervasio. 

Vacavit^ sedes an. i. mens. n. diebus 16. 
Successit Stephen Langton. Sedit ann. 22. diebus 23. 

[* Ecclesi cathedri, MS.] [+ Perhaps separatam. ffearne."] 

[t MS. has dedem; no sense. ffearne.] 

[ Adjuncta, MS.] 

[|| Randulf'va. Gervase; see the passage in vol. ii, 406.] 

[IT Quodam, MS.] [** Infestess : fuit Giralde, MS.] 

[ft The MS. has ecclesia here, redundant.] 

[+t Aborat Kama, MS.] 

[ Gervase' "Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury" ends with 
Hubert. Leland continues his notes on successive archbishops down to 
the death of Henry Chicheley in 1443, but I have not found his source 
for these.] 



PART XI 217 

Hicprius erat Ro. ecclesiae presbyter Card : et ab Innocen- Kent. 
tio 3. Ro : pont, consecratus anno Dom. 1227. 

Vacavit sedes anno i. et dim. mense, diebus 12. 

Successit Richardtts cog : Magnus. Sedit annis 2. Vacavit 
sedes anno i. ebdomadibus 18. 

Hie prius erat cancellarius Lincoln: Obiit anno Dom. 1231. 

Successit Edmundus. Sedit ann. 8. Vacavit sedes ann. 3. 
mens. 2. diebus 3. Hie prius erat t/iesaur. 

Successit Bonifacius. Sedit annis 26. mensibus 6. diebus 
18. Vacavit sedes annis 2. ebdomad: 10. diebus 3. 

Successit Robertus de Kilwardby. Sedit ann. 6. Vacavit 
45. septimanis * et diebus 3. 

Hie fuerat ante de ord. Praed : Factus est a Gregor : 10. 
pont. Ro. archiepiscopus Cantuar : Viterbi : postea Card : 
Portuensis factus a Nicholao 3. pont : Ro. 

Johannes Pecham de ord : min : Successit. Sedit ann. 1 3. 
et 45. septimanis^ diebus 2. Vacavit % sedes anno i. 

Successit Robertus de Winchelsey. Sedit ann. 19. Vacavit 1292. 
sedes mens. 9. et sept. una. Obiit anno Dom. 1313. Fuerat 
prius. archid. Essex. 

Successit Galterus Reginalds. Sedit ann. 13. mens. 10. 
diebus 3. 

Hie prius fuerat thesaur : regis Angliae, et Wigorn. epi- 
scopus similiter^ et cancellar: Dom. regis. Vacavit sedes mens. 
6. sept. 3. et die una usque ad 6. Call. Jun. anno Dom. 1338. 

Simon Mepham successit. Sedit 5. ann. 4. mens. et 1 7. die- fo. 101 b. 
bus. Vacavit sedes 4. mens. diebus 10. 

Johannes de Strateford successit. Sedit 1 1. ann. 6. mens. 3. 
sept. 4. diebus. Vacat eccle. 3. mens. et n. diebus. 

Successit Johannes Ufford electus et confirmatus. Sedit 6. 
mensibus et 4. diebus. Vacavit sedes 2. mens. 3. diebus. 

Successit Thomas Bredwardine. Sedit 5. sept, et 4. diebus. 
Vacavit sedes 4. mens. diebus 2. 

Successit Simon Iselepe. Sedit ann. 18. mens. 4. diebus 13. 
Ftwa/ sedes 6. mensi&us, 3. &j>/. 4. diebus. Hie prius erat 
can : Cicestrensis. 

Successit Simon Langham primo abbas Westmonaster : et 
episcopus Eliensis. Sedit annis 2. sept. 3. Urbanus 5. pont. 

[* Septemn, MS.] [t Septimam, MS.] [ Vacasit, MS.] 

[ His, MS.] 



2l8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Kent, Ro. elegit hunc in card: 10. Call. Octobar. quo tempore 
resignavit archiep. Cantuar. Vacavit sedes 7. sept, et die i. 

Successit Gul. de Whitlesey episcopus Rofensis, postea 
Wigorn : Translates fuit Cantuar : per Urbanum 5 . pont : 
Ro : Sedit ann. 5. mens. 8. dies 14. 

Vacavit cede : mens : n. sept. 3. dies 3. 

Simon de Sudbyri successit prius episcopus London, trans- 
latus per Gregorium \\.pont. Ro : Sedit ann. 6. dep. h" * 
6. diebus. Securi percussus fuit apud turrim London, a sedi- 
tiosis. Vacavit sedes 4. mens. et 16. diebus. 

Successit Gul. Courteney, filius comitis Devon, prius epi- 
scopus Hereforde, 2. London. Sedit annis 15. mens. n. 
diebus 2. Vacavit sedes 3. mensibus et 3. diebus. 

Successit Thomas Arundell primo Elien. episcopus. Sedit 
ann. 17. 

Successit Henri. Chicheley legum doctor, prius cancellar. 
Sarum, eta Gregor. 12. pont. Ro. episcopus Menevensis factus. 
Sedit annis 29. Obiit anno Dom. 1443. 2. Id. April. Johannes 
Stratford successit. 

fo. 107 b.f It appear! the by the legende of S. Pandonia^ that she was 
a kynge of Scotts dowghtar, and after flienge them that 
would have deflowrid hir, she cam to a kynns woman of 
Eltesley in hirs, priorese of a nunrey at Eltesley in Cambridgeshire, 4. 
Cambridg- myles from Seint Neotes, and aftar dyenge was byried in 
Eltesley by a well cawled S. Pandonia Welle. She was 
1344. translatyd into Eltesley Churche anno 1344. as it aperithe by 
the lessons of hir translation made by one Ser Richarde, 
parishe priste there. 

Some say that the olde priory was by the vicarage. 

Croxton is halfe a myle from Eltesle, and is in Cambridge- 
shire. Elnig halfe a myle beyonde is in Huntyngduneshire. 
Eltesley was of late yeres inpropriate to Deney a Abbay. 
Syr Manok of Southfolke is lorde of that village. 

One Mac William beinge a yongger brothar of a gentle- 
man in Yrland cam to Bristowe, and there so increasyd in 
ryches that in continuance he bowght lands to the sume of 

[* Sept. 5. seems intended. Hearne.'] 

[t Fos. !O2a-io7a, on Welsh matters, are printed in vol. iv, pp. 168- 
180.] [t See vol. i, p. i.] 



shire. 



Denney. 



PART XI 219 

a 3. or 400. markes by the yere, and so the land continuyd a 
certeyn while in the heires males of Mac William, and aftar 
cam to a dowghtar of theyrs that was maried to one of the 
Semars. 

This land, as I remembre that I have written in a nothar 
place, lay partely aboute Cainesham.* 

There was of late one of the Mac Williams in Est-Sex, 
and he left heyres males. 

The last Lord Grey of Codnor left 3. doughtars, whereof Gray of 
one was maried to Syr Rowland Lentalle of Notyngham- Codenor. 
shire, a nothar to Newport of Shropshire, and the third to 
one Souche a yongar brothar of the howse of the Lord 
Souches. Thes 3. had the Lord Grayes lands in copar[ti]tion, 
where of the lordeshipe of Ailesford in Kent and How 
Hundred was parte, the whiche Mastar Wyat now hathe 
bowght. There were some of the lord Grayes of Codnor 
byried at Ailesford Freres. 

Lentall dyenge without isswe male lefte 2. dowghtars, 
whereof one callyd Catarine was maried to one of the Lord 
Souches, the other to Cornwale Baron of Burford, and so cam 
they to be copartiners in the Lord Grey of Codnor's lands. 

The Lordes Souches hathe had by a good tyme parte of fo. 108 a. 
the Lorde Cantelupes, and the Lord S. Maures lands. 

The castle of Gresby in Notynghamshire was the Lord 
Cantelupe's, and sum of the Cantelupes lay byried at Bew- 
vale a house of Cartusyans there. 

The Lordes Souches had aftar this castelle. 

This Lorde Souche's father lay muche at a goodly manor 
place caullid Marsch tt by Bruton in Somersetteshire. This 
house is now in mine. 

The Lorde Souche that is now hathe a faire manor place 
in Devonshir caullid ... It is a ... myles from Excester. 
And this manor with othar cam to this Lord Souche by one 
of the 4. dowghtars and heires of the Lord Dunham of 
Devonshire that was his mothar. 

[* Leland's only references to Cainesham, now Keynsham, appear 
to be in vol. iv, p. 139, and pp. 92, 102-3 f tne present volume, neither 
of which apply to the above.] 

8 Marsh. 



22O 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Worcester- 
shire. 
Dowre or 
Stowre. 



fo. io8b. 



Gloucester- 
shire. 

Ascaperius 
duxit Quen- 
dredam in 



The 4. dowghtars and heyres of the Lord Dunham were 
marled to the Lord Souche, to the Lord Fitz-Gwarin, to 
Arundell, and to the Baron of Carovv. 

(The cource of Dour, alias Stowr, ryver in Wicester- 
shire.) Dowr, alias Stour, a ryver risethe out of the pondes 
of Hales Owen, a priori of Whit Chanons, and othar springs 
ther about. Thence it goithe to the tounelet of Hales 
Owen in Wicestershire, about a myle of in ripa super: 
Then to Sture Bridge in Wicestershire a market towne 
about a 4. myles of. 

Thens to Kinuar b a thorough fare a 2. myles in ripa super* 
Thens to Sturton Castle (as I remembar in Staffordshire) a 
myle from Kinuar." It stondithe on a hill a litle from the 
hither rype. (Bewdley is a 2. myles from Kidour.) Thens 
to Kidour Mynstre a good market towne, and rennethe 
thrwghe the mydle of it, and at rages drownythe a pece 
of it. In Kidour Minstre is but one churche, but it is large. 
The personage was inpropriate to the chanons of Mayden 
Bradley in Wileshire. A litle benethe Kidour is a fayre 
manor place on Stour caulyd Candalewel. It was the 
Conxeys,t and now it longethe to the Winters, men of fayre 
lande. Stowre goythe into Severne by the hither rype of it 
at Stourmouthe a litle benethe Mitton 2. myles from Kidour 
Mynster. 

Clinte in Cowbage, d wher S. Kenelme was martirid, is a 2. 
miles from Hales Priorie. 

Averey parson of Dene tolde me that he had redd that 
Askaperius, the murtherer of S. Kenelm, was maried to 
Quindred, sistar to S. Kenelme, and that he reynid a 2. or 
3. yeres after Kenelme, untyll suche tyme that a kinnesman 
of Kenelmes put hym downe. But loke bettar for this mattar. 
Sens he tolde me that it is in S. Kenelme's lyfe that 
Ascaperius was maried to Quendrede, and reignid with her 
2. or 3. yeres untyll Kenelm's uncle put hym downe. He 

[* Stow has supra.] 

[t Perhaps the Cockseys (Cookseys, Dr. Lyttleton), an old Kidder- 
minster family. Camden's "Britannia" (1789 ed.), vol. ii, p. 351.] 



a Stour r. b Kinver, or Kinfare. c Kidderminster. 

d Clent, Cowbach, a pasture near Hales Owen. 



PART XI 



221 



saythe that it aperithe by Seint Kenelme's legend that Win- Winchel- 
chelcombe a was oppidum muro cinctum. And he saythe that combe. 
the towne buyldinge was muche toward Sudeley Castell, and Gloucester- 
that ther yet remayne sum tokens of a diche and the s ire ' 
foundation of a wall, and that ther be tokens of an othar 
way up a praty way beyonde the highe strete above the 
churche where the farme of Cornedene is : so that of old 
tyme it was a mighty large towne. 

The monastery was set in the best parte of all the towne, 
and hard by it where the parioche churche is was Kynge 
Kenulphe Palace. Winchelcombe is set in the rottes of 
Cotiswolde. 

The ryver b that cummythe as the old towne stoode 
thorough the mydle of Winchelcombe is comonly caulyd 
ther Grope cunte, but aftar a litle benethe Todington, by 
the whiche it rennith, it changythe the name, and aftar a 
this syde Eovesham at a litle village caullyd Ampton it 
rennythe into Avon. The head of this rivar is a 2. myles 
above Wynchelescombe in the hill. 

This riveret cummythe within a qwartar of a myle of 
Hayles d monasterie in the valley under it. 

Olde Ser Umfrey Stafford's father was on the feeld, and fo - I0 9 a - 
very stiffe agayne Henry the vii. where he was taken, and 
after behedid at Bewdele towne aboute the wiche quarters he 
had muche lande. 

Sudeley Castell by Winchelcombe was buildid, as it is there 
comonly spoken, ex spoliis nobilium bello Gallico captorum. 

Butlar Lord Sudeley. 

The Lord Harington, a man of fayre lands in Lancastre- Lancashire 
shire and othar partes, marid the heire of the Lorde Bone- and Dorset. 
ville of Devonshire, by whom he had the lordeshipes of 
Winchecombe and Shoute c with othar landes. The last lorde 
of the very name of the Haringtons was slayne bello civili 
betwixt Kynge Henry the vi. and Edwarde the 4. whos wife 
the Lord Hastinges that was beheddid by Richard Duke 
then of Glocester in the tour of London did marie. Sens I 
hard that one Neville had * Horneby. Harrington of 

[* Hand, MS.] 



a Winchcombe. b Isborne r. c Little Hampton. 

d Hayles Abbey. e Shute. 



222 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hornby. There was a yonger brother of the Haryngtons 
that had in gifte Horneby Castelle : and an heire generall of 
this howse was aftar maried to one of the Standeleys, aftar 
Lord Mountegle, that had a child, but dead borne, as sum 
saye, by hir: whereupon he required the lands for terme 
of lyfe, and beinge in pocession aftar bought the inherit- 
aunce of it to hym and his heirs. 

The sole dowghtar and heire of the Lorde Harington 
cawlyd . . . was maried to Thomas the first Marquese of 
Dorset that favorid the cummynge of Henry the vii., and 
he had by hir a 14. children, bothe men and wimen, of 
excedinge goodly parsonage, of the whiche the first sune 
lyvyd not longe, and then had Thomas the name of Lorde 
Harington, and aftar was the second Marquese of Dorset. 

There is a ruine and waulles of a castle in Lancastershire 
Gleston cawlyd Gleston Castell," sometyme longynge to the Lorde 
Castell. Haringtons, now to the Marquise of Dorset. It stondithe a 
2. miles from Carthemaile. b 

Syr John Grey that maried the dowghtar and heire of the 
Lorde Ferrares of Groby was slayne bello civili^ as I hard, at 
fo. 109 b. Northampton; but I am not sure of this. That Gray whose 
wyfe, dowghtar to the Lord Ryvars, was aftar maried to 
Kynge Edward, was fathar to Thomas first Marques of 
Dorset. The Marquese of Dorset by heires generales of the 
Rivers had the fayre manor place of Graftan, 6 and goodly 
parks and lands thereaboute, for the whiche he gave hym 
in exchange Lughborow with parks there about, and othar 
goodly lands in Leircestarshire. Lughborow was of the 
Bellemounts lands, and the late old Countes of Oxforde had 
it in dowre. 

Luterworthe towne and lands there aboute be of en- 
heritance to the Lord Marques of Dorset by the title of 
Groby. 

Bewmaner, d wher Leonard Gray by the kyng's leave 
dyd dwell, was also the Lord Bellemonts, and so was the 
great pasture betwyxt Leircestre and Groby caulyd Belle- 
monts Lease. 6 

Wolvescrofte f Priorie of Blake Chanons about a mile from 



Leicester- 
shire. 



Wolvescrofte 
Priorye. 



a Gleaston Castle. 
d Beaumanor. 



b Cartmell. 

e Beaumont's Leys. 



c Grafton. 
f Ulverscroft. 



PART XI 223 

Brodegate " was the sepulture of diveres of the Ferrares of 
Groby. And there was buried a late the Co'untis of Wicester, 
wyfe to the Lord Leonard Graye. 

As far as I could perceyve by questioninge with the 
auncient servaunts and officers of the Marquese of Dorsete, 
suche parte of the Erie of Leyrcester launds as cam to 
Saerus de Quinci Erie of Wynchestar fell aftar by heires . 
generals to the Lord Bellemonte, Ferrares and Lovelle. 

Mastar Constable told me that the name of his familie 
was notablitatyd by the Erles of Chestar, and that it was a 
name taken by reason of office borne. He tolde me also 
that one of his predicessors maried a dowghtar of the Lacys 
Erie of Lyncolne. 

The diches and the plotte where the castelle of Mere Cheshire, 
stoode appere not far from the chirche of Mere the market 
toune. 

The goodly gate howse and fronte of the Lorde Stourton's 
howse in Stourton was buyldyd ex spoliis Gallorum. 

Sir William Parre told me that his aunciters were men of * Origofa- 
a xx. marks of land by the yere in the marches of Wales, 
and that one of them beinge clarke of the kechyn with one 
of the Lorde Rosses fell in love with a dowghtar of his, 
and maried hir agayne hir father's wille, by whome the fo. no a. 
castell of Kendalle, and 300. marks by yere of land cam Kendall was 
to this parre, and so was the name first in the northe parte the Lord 
nobilitate. 

Master Brudeneld told me that the Busseys of Lyncoln- Lincoln- 
shire had a 1000. //'. of lands by the yere in the tyme of shire. 
Richard the second, and that a great peace of the vale and 
playne from Huntington to Lincolne [was] f of theyr poces- 
sions, and that they had 2. castells in that parte, J whereof 
one was at Fokyngham, that sins the Lorde Bellemont had, 
and now the Duke of Northfolke hathe it as a pece of 
attayntyd land in gifte. 

Ther is a great fe gateryd abowte Bostone parts by the 
name of Petronille de la Corone, dowghtar by lykelihode to Petrmiilla 

Corona. 

[* Origio fimilia, MS.] [t Was added by Hearne.] 

[t Stow \aspartes.] 

a Bradgate. 



224 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Brakeley. 
Northants. 



Frisian de la Corone, foundar of Frlston a Priorie, and buried at 
Priorye. Croyland. This fe is now payde to the Lorde Rosse, but the 
Richemount fee is greatar there. 

There is also a nothar fee cauled Pepardine, and that the 
Lorde Linsey had. And the owners of these fees be lords 
of the towne of Boston. 

Mastar Paynell told me that he saw at Brakley in the 
parts by Bukyngham manifest tokens that it had bene a 
wallyd toune, and tokens of the gates and towres in the 
walles by the halfe cirkles of the foundations of them. (I 
sowght diligently, and could find no tokens of wales or 
diches.) And that there hathe bene a castell, the dyke and 
HospitalarH. hills whereof do yet appere. (I saw the castle plott.) And 
that ther hathe bene dyvars churches in it. And that ther 
was of late a place of Crossyd Friers, and that one Nevill a 
great gentilman there was buried. And that one Neville 
apon a tyme kyllyd in the churche at Brakeley a priest and 
buried hym in his sacrid vestiments: and that this Nevill 
toke there an othar prist and buried hym quike.* 

Mastar Paynell tolde me also that he saw an olde boke in 
the quier, or the vestrie, of Brakeley Churche, wherein were 
many things of the acts done at that churche. 



There is no 
suche booke 



fo. nob. 
Worcester. 



Nomina episcoporum Wigorn.\ 

Boselus episcopus Wigorn: in anno Dom. 692. 

Ostoforus in anno 717. 

EugeniuS) alias Exwinus^. in anno 743. 

Wilfridus anno Dom. 775. 
Milredus anno Dom. 783. 

Weremundus anno Dom. 791. 

Thilherus anno Dom. 798. 

Hetheredus anno Dom. 822. Dedit Icombe. 

[* As to Brackley and Neville, see vol. ii, pp. 35-38.] 
[t This list nearly agrees with Florence of Worcester (Hwiccia) as 
far as John Pagham ; also, with one or two exceptions noted, with the 
lists given by Dr. Stubbs ("Reg. Sacrum Anglicanum ") and Hardy's 
Le Neve (" Fasti Eccles. Anglicarum," 1854). But Leland's dates differ 
considerably and irregularly from those given by Dr. Stubbs. ] 
[t Ecgwine or Egwinus (Stubbs and Luard).] 



a Frieston. 



PART XI 225 

Denebertus anno Dom. 846. Worcester. 

Headbertus anno Dom. 852. Dedit Crole. 
Alchimus* anno Dom. 915. 
Wereferthus anno Dom. 922. 
Athclwinus anno Dom. 929. 
Wilbertus anno Dom. 937. 
Kenewoldus anno Dom. 938. Dedit Odingley. 

S. Dunstanus \ ~ , 

<? /- u \circa an. Dom. 969. 
S. Oswaldus J 

Adulphus anno Dom. 1003. 

Wulstanus reprobus anno Dom. 1025. 

Leofsius anno Dom. 1041. 

Britegus anno Dom. 1052. praeceptor Wolstani postea^ 
episcopi. 

Livi\n\gus anno Dom. 1061. 

Aldredus anno Dom. 1062. 

S. Wolstann anno aetatis suae plus quam 50. anno Dom. 
1095. Hawkesbiri ante monachatum. Wolstanus natus apud 
Hichenion* in comit. Wanvike.% 

Sampson anno Dom. 1112. Civitas Wigorn. cum ecclcsia 
cathedrali^ et omnibus aliis cum castello igne crematur. 

Theodwaldus anno 1117. 

Thulphus anno Dom. 1 1 24. 

Simon anno Dom. 1 1 39. 

Johannes Pagham anno Dom. 1157. 

Aluredus anno Dom. 1 1 60. 

Rogerusfilius comitis Glocesteriae anno Dom. 1 1 64. obiit in 
peregrinatione inter redeunditm ab Hierosolymis. 

Baldivinus anno Dom. 1184. fo. ma. 

Gul. Northale anno Dom. 1189. 

Robertus anno Dom. 1193. 

Henricus anno Dom. 1195. 

Johannes de Constantiis anno 1198. ante decanus Roto- 
magensis. 

(* Alhwinus in Florence of Wore.] 

[t Postie, MS.] [t Marginal note in MS.] 

[ This bishop is neither in Florence of Wore, nor in Stubbs. Ac- 
cording to Hardy's edition of Le Neve Theobald and Theulphus were 
one man (vol. Hi, p. 49).] 



* Itchington. 
V. Q 



226 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Worcester. Maugerius anno Dom. 1200. 

Gwalterus Grey anno Dom. 1215. 

Silvester anno Dom. 1217. 

Ecclesia cathedr: dedicatur in honore D. Mariae, Petri t et 
Sanctorum Oswaldi et Wolstani. 

Gul: Bleys anno Dom. 1220. 

Gaulterus de Cantilupo anno Dom. 1237. 

Nicolaus anno Dom. 1268. 

Godefridus Giffart anno Dom. 1269. Appropriatio eccle- 
siae de Grinley tempore hujus episcopi. Sedit annis 34. men- 
sibus 4. diebus 4. 

Gul. Gaynesburge de ord. fratnim Minorum anno Dom. 



Walterus Reynaud anno Dom. 1308. 

Gualterus Maidestane anno Dom. 1313. 

Thomas Cobham anno Dom. 1317. 

Adam Horleton anno Dom. 1337. 

Simon* de Monte acuto anno Dom. 1333. 

Thomas Henihal anno Dom. 1337. 

Wolstanus anno Dom. 1338. 
Johannes Thoresby anno Dom. 1349. 

Reginaldus Brian anno Dom. 1350. 

David anno Dom. 1358^ 

Johannes de Bernet anno Dom. 1362. 

Gul. Whitlesey anno Dom. 1367. 

Gul. Lynne anno Dom. 1369. 

Henricus Wakefelde anno Dom. 1375. 

Tittemannus de Winchecombe anno Dom. 1385. 

Richardus Cliffurd anno Dom. 1401. 

Thomas Peverelle anno Dom. 1407. 

Philippus Morgan anno Dom. 1419. 

Thomas Pulton anno Dom. 1425. Obiit Romae. 

Thomas Bulshere% anno Dom. 1435. 
Joannes Carpenter anno Dom. 1443. 
fo. nib. Johannes Alcoke anno Dom. 1476. 

Robertus Morton anno Dom. 1496. 
Joannes Giglis anno Dom. 1497. 

Sylvestar de Gigles anno Dom. 1521. 

t* MS. has Thomas.} 

[t David is not in Stubbs nor Le Neve. ] 

[J A marginal note rightly corrects this to Bourchier.\ 



PART XI 227 

Julius anno Dom. 1522. Resignavit episcopatum Hiero- Worcester. 
nyrno, qui posted Clemens pontifex Ro. Hieronymus accepit epi- 
scopatum mense Mart: 1522. Hugo Latimer mense Augusti 
anno Dom. 1535. 

Joannes Belle anno Dom. 1539. 

Godefridus Giffart* episcopus Wigorn: exornavit columnas 
orient: partis ecdesiae cathedralis Wigorn: columnellis mar- 
moreis cum juncturis areis deauratis. 

Thomas Cobham episcopus Wigorn : fecit testudinem bore- 
alis insulae in navi ecdesiae. 

Wolstanus Brannesford Prior Wigorn: et postea episcopus 
Wigorn : erexit magnam aulam Prioris. 

Brannesford Bridge super Tende duobus passuum milibus 
supra Powike. 

Gul. Lynne cum equum conscenderet profecturus ad Parla- 
mentum obiit Wigorn: correptus apoplexia. 

Henricus Wakefilde episcopus Wigorn : auxit Occident, par- 
tem ecdesiae cathedr: Wigorn : 2. arcubus. 

Erexit etiam porticum ecdesiae cathedr: Wigorn : versus 
boream. 

Erexit etiam mag : capellam in castele de Herthisbyri.* 

Tittemannus de Winchelescumbe episcopus Wigorn : orator 
regis in nuptiis filiae regis Angl: et duds Hannoniae. 

Richardus Clifford Wigorn: episcopus, postea London, 
sepultus est in ecdesia cathedra: London, ad austrum prope 
S. Erkenwaldum. 

Johannes Carpenter episcopus Wigorn: erexit magnam tur- 
rim, id est, the Gate House apud Herthisbiriam. Obiit at 
Northwike episcopi? et sepultus apud Westbyry prope Bright- 
stow, ubi fuit alter fundator. 

Johannes Alcok episcopus Wigorn: erexit capellam S. 
Mariae in navi ecdesiae quam designaverat suo sepulchro. 

Robertus Morton episcopus Wigorn: nepos Johannis Mor- 
ton archiepiscopi Cantuar : sepultus est in navi ecdesiae 
cathedr: S. Pauli London: 

[* I do not find the original of these fuller notes on Worcester bishops 
from Giffart onwards in Birchington or other texts given by Wharton. 
It may be noted that the last bishop Leland cites was of 1539, which 
supplies us with a date for some of his researches.] 



Hartlebury. b Northwich Park. 



228 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

fo. 112 a. Johannes de Gigles, i.e. de liliis, natus Lucae in Italia, 
Worcester, episcopus Wigorn: 

Julius Medices episcopus Wigorn: poslea Clemens dictus 
pont: Ro: 

Johannes Pagham episcopus Wigorn : dedit Bibery a monas- 
ter: de Osney, et post emit Rime episcopi, et* dedit sedi. 

Maugerius Nothus ex decano Ebor: episcopus Wigorn: de 
quo in Decretalibus capitulo Cum Wigor\n\enses. 

Joannes Carpenter voluit in titulum assumere ut episcopus 
Wigorn: et Westbiriensis diceretur. Hie ex veteri collegia, 
quod erat Westebiriae, novum fecit, et praediis auxit, addito 
pinnato muro, porta et iurribus instar castelli. 

Habent episcopi Wigornienses villam et ferarum septum 
apud Hendre non procul ab West by ri: sed aedes olim amplae 
nunc patiuntur ruinam.^ 

Placis belongynge to the Bysshope of Wurcestar. 

The palace at Worcestar. Herthilbery b Castle 7. myles 
from Worcestar, 4. myles to Ombresley on Severn long- 
ynge to Eovesham, and 3. to Herthilberi, and 4. to Kider- 
mister. Alechirch d 2. myles from Bordesley Abbey. Lati- 
mer repayred it. 

North wike in dominio de Claynes* 2. myles from Worces- 
tar. This Northewike was one John of Wodds in hominum 
memoria, and bought of a bysshope for lake of a howse in 
Claynes. It is motid, and had a parke. 

Whityngdon f in Coteshold in ruine. 

Hillyngdon the paroche churche to Uxbridge, xv. myles 
from London. 

Stroud Place at London. 

fo. u 2 b. Placis belonginge to the Prior. 

Batnal s a mile out of Worcester with a parke and pooles. 
Grymley h a 3. miles above Worcestar prope Severn agayne 
Ombresley in ripa dextra Sabrinae. 

[* MS. has adtoi et.] [f Ruina, MS.] 



a Bibury, a parish in Gloucestershire. b Hartlebury. 

Ombersley. d Alvechurch. e Claines. 

1 Whittington, Gloucestershire. e Batenhall. h Grimley. 



PART XI 229 

Halow * a park withowt a howse a 2. myles from Wor- Worcester, 
cestar. 

Croule" a 4. myls from Worcestar. 

More/r0/<r Tende a 10. myles from Worcestar prope fines 
Herefordshire. 

Urso de A be tot vicecomes Wigorn : sepultus fuit ad pedes 
Joannis regis, et inde translates in borealem partem pres- 
byterij juxta stpulchrum Eovesham Prioris Wigorn. 

There is yet one of the Abetots, a man of 20. li. land in 
Worcester towne. 

The names of noblemen that gave lands to Worcestar 
Churche be in the glasse wyndowes in the cloistrie there. 

Gilbertus de Clare comes Glocestar et Hereford, et Joanna 
ejus uxor fieri fecerunt fossatum in summitate montium 
Chace de Malverne in praejudicium Godefridi episcopi Wi- 
gorn: etc. 

In navi ecclesiae. 

Henry Wakefeld episcopus Wigorn: obiit \\.Mart: anno 
D. 1394. et suae consecrationis 20. anno. 

Joannes Beauchampe miles de familia comitum Warwici 
chants Edwardo 3. et Richardo 2. tandem decollatus tempore 
Henrici 4. This Beauchampe was owner of Holt, a praty 
pile a 3. myle by northe owt of Worcestar on Severne ripa 
dextra a mile above Grimley. At this Holt Kynge Richard 
the 2. made attorneaments. 

In bor. insula navis. 

Johan: Beauchaumpe de Powike et Elisabethe ejus uxor. f . 1130. 
Richard Bray armiger, pater Reginald Bray, fuit medicus, Bray medicus 
ut quidam ferunt, Henrici 6. Henrici 6. 

In australi insula navis. 

Thomas Liteltone miles et justitiarius banchi, qui scripsit Litleton. 
Tenuras. 

Inscriptio Baptisterii in nigro marmore. 

Hie fans est vitae. Mundandi quicunque venite. 
Suscipit ista revs, et parit unda deos. 

Hallow. b Crowle. 



230 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



HOI. 

Of Lychefild 
I have left 
out for brivity, 
it is to small 
purpos. 

Devonshire. 

Dertmouthe 
Castell. 



Acton 
Burnett. 
fo. 1130. 

Burnell epi- 

scopus. 



In Presbyterio. 

Johannes rex, cujus sepulchrum Alchirch sacrista nuper 
renovavit. 

Sacellum in quo Arturius princeps sepultus est ad austrum. 
Grifithfitius Rhesi in eodem sacello. 

Epitaphium Alexandra* Necham. 

Eclypsim patitur sapientia : sol sepelitur.^ 
Qui dum vivebat studii genus J omne vigebat. 
Solvitur in rineres Neccham, cut si foret heres. 
In terris unus, minus essetflebilefunus. 

William Fitz Alanefoundyd Haghemon anno Dom. noi. 
the i . of W. Ruffus. Ther was an hermitage and a chapell 
before the erectynge of the abbey. W. Fitz Allyn and his 
wyffe, with Richard Fitz Allen and othar, ar ther buried, 
and Richard Fitz Alan a child, whiche child fell, as is sayde, 
by the neclygence of his norice out of hir armes from the 
batelments of the castle of Shrawardig. a 

Where as I have wrytten that the castell and vyllage of 
Stoke Fleminge stode at Dertmowthe, I made ii. errors. 
Fyrst the castell berithe the name of Dertmouthe in an olde 
evydence, and not of Stoke Flemynge, thowghe the Flem- 
ings were 'the auncient lords and buyldars of it longe afore 
or it cam to the Carews hands. Secondly Stoke Flemyng is 
a praty olde tounlet toward the shore about a myle dim. 
west from Dertemouthe. Dyvers of the Flemings ar buryed 
at Stoke. Ther is a chapell of Seint Patrike in the castle of 
Dartemouthe, and by some old writynges it aperithe that it 
was a cell of monks. Yet I hard syns some contend that it 
was caulyd Stoke Castle. 

The abat of Haghmon told me that he hathe hard that 
the castell of Acton Burnell or goodly manor place, where 
the Parliament was kepte, was first made by one Burnell a 
bysshope. 

[* Alexandar, MS.] [t Sefeliter, MS.] ft Gens, MS.] 

[ This should be Henry I.] 



a Shrawardine. 



PART XI 



231 



The Universite Churche in Oxford, alias S. Marye Uni-versite 
Churche, was begon to be reedified in the tyme of Doctor Churche in 
Fitz- James, aftar Bysshope of London. He procuryd muche Ox f rd ' 
mony towards the buyldynge of it. The enbatylments of it 
wer full of pinacles: but in a tempestious wethar most 
parte of them were throwne downe in one nyght 

Gualtar Erie of Sarum and Sibylle his wyfe founders of 
Bradenestoke, a priorie of Blake Chanons in Wyleshire. 

Ther was a fayre colege in the Erls of Lancaster tyme a 
lytle* with Banborow in Northumbreland, now clene downe. 
S. George Darcy told me of it. 

Roder 3 ryver rysethe, as some say, in a great poole callyd Shropshire. 
Hurmer a 6. myles from Shrobbesbyry by northe. 

Ther yssuythe out of this pole a broke, and aftar resortith 
to an othar poole callyd Wibbemere, and here, as the moste 
commune sayenge is, risethe Roden ryver, that aftar a 6. or 
7. myles course commythe into Terne a 2. myles above 
Terne Bridge. 

There were in Oxford of auncient tyme 800. burgeses Oxforde. 
houses and mo with in the towne of Oxford, and a 400. 
without in the suburbes. 

The scale of Oxford hathe an ox on it withe a castle, 
or wallyd towne, and about it is writen Sigillum civitatis 
Oxoniae^ etc. 

Some say that there were 24. parishe churchis and mo in 
the towne and suburbs of Oxford. 

Kynge Henry the first somewhat restoryd the towne of 
Oxforde. 

The towne of Oxford moste floryshed withe scollars in an 
huge nombar, and other inhabitaunts, in Henry the 3. tyme. 
Ther was an infinit nombar of writars and parchement 
makers in Oxford in Henry the 3. tyme. 

The bowrgesis of Oxford say that Vortimer made theyr fo. 1143. 
towne. The nombar of scolars and inhabitaunts in Oxforde 
were so greate in Henry the 3. tyme that they had lybertye 
to provyd for vitails 2. myles about. 

[* Sic. Apparently a word or two omitted.] [t Oxonia, MS.] 



Roden r. 



232 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Arcus 20. 
in ponte ori- 
entali. 



Oxford. Bridgs on Charwell. 

Est Bridge at Oxford. To Iselep Brige of stone a 3. 
myles upper on Charwell by land. To Gosford Bridge a 
myle or more. To Emmeley a Bridge a 2. myles upper. To 
Hey wood b Bridge a 2. miles uper etc. 

Where as now the bridge of stone is ovar Charwell by 
Magdalen Colledge was a trajectus, or fery, in Kynge Henry 
the third's dayes, caulyd Steneford. 

It apperithe by the preface of the donation of Kynge 
Edgare unto the Priory of Worcester that he was the very 
first Monarchic thrwghly in all regions of England and 
Scotland amonge the Saxon kyngs. 

It aperithe also there that he had the whole homage of 
Scotland, and was taken for chefe Head and Governar of all 
the Isles about England even to Norwege. 

It ther also aperithe that he was crownyd in Irland in 
Dubelin the chefe cite of it, and that all Ireland was subject 
unto hym. 

The Duke of Buckyngham was lord of Hagmoundham, c 
sens the kynges, now Russel's, Lord Admirall. 

Maindenhevid in Bukinghamshire,* of old tyme cawllid 
Sowth-Eilington. It toke the name of Maidenhed of a hedde 
that they sayd was one of the xi. thousand Virgines, to the 
whiche offering there was made in a chapell. 

One Barentyne, a yongar brother of the chefe house of 
the Barentines, was a gold-smythe of London, and becam 
wonderfull riche and purchasid fayre lands, and dyenge, as 
it is sayde, without heires, gave parte of his lands to a yongar 
brothar of the Barentyns called Drew, and he had very many 
children, but in continuance they dyed, and it cam then to 
the chefe howse of the Barentynes. 

fo. ii4b. The parsell of lands that Drew lefte to his name was Litle 
Haseley in Oxfordshire, wher Ser William Barentyne now 
dwellethe.f 



Maydenhed. 
Maydenhethe, 



Drew Baren 
tyne. 



[* Lei and appears to have written this in error for Berkshire.] 
[t For other references to the Barentynes, see vol. i, p. 114, and 
vol. ii, p. 19.] 



* Enslow? 



b Heyford. 



c Amersham. in Bucks. 



PART XI 



233 



Barentyne the gold-smythe buyldyd the Maner Place at 
Litle Haseley. 

Barentyn the gold-smithe gave faire lands to the societie 
of the gold-smithes of London, and they kepteavery solempne 
obite yerely for hym. 

Barentyne dwellyd in the faire place right agaynst the 
Gold-smithes Haule, and I thinke that he buyldyd that 
howse, and I thinke that he buyldyd a pece of the gold- 
smythe haule. 

Barentine's graundfathar now lyvynge maried the Countes 
of Renault's dowghtar, begotten on hir by Gullim Duke of 
Suffolke, that first maried hir, and aftar facto divortio to 
Chaucer's heire. 

Barentyn Gold-Smythe lyethe buried in Seint Zacharies 
churche by the Gold-Smiths Haule. 

The chefe howse of the Barentynes florished in Henry 
the first, in Henry the 3. and Kynge Edward the 3. dayes. 

The heyres of the Barentynes from Edward the 3. tyme 
tyll nowe were nepotes. 

The Vale of Aeilesbyrie is a greate thinge in compace. 
One way it stretchethe from the costs of the foreste of ... 
alonge by Tame, and still by the rotes of Chilterne Hilles 
almoste to Dunstable. 

It goithe also to Newporte Panelle, to Stony Stratforde, to 
Buckyngham, and limitethe on eche of them. Birdestane 
Parke and lordshipe standithe one way some what highe, 
and is countyd to be the mydle parte of the Vale of 
Ailesburye. 

The well of S. Osythe at Querendune a bytwyxte Aeilesbyry 
and Querendune. 

Querendune, sometyme the Spencers lands, a goode myle 
from Ailesberie, and an hamlet longing to Ailesbery. An 
howse of Grey Friers at Aielesbery. 

Aeilborow," of some soundyd Hilborow, a 3. myles by 
southe from Aillesbyri. It was of late the Mounteacutes 
landes, and standithe on one of the Chiltren Hills. 

Burton c a mile from Aeilesbery. Syr Antony . . . fathar 
attayntyd for comynge withe Kynge Richard to Bosworthe 
Field ; his sonne aftar restoryd to his lands. 



Barentyne 
Gold-Smitht. 



Chauters. 



Alesberye. 
Bucks. 



fo. 1150. 

Ailborow. 

Burton. 



Quarrendon. 



Ellesborough. 



Bierton. 



APPENDIX 



APPENDIX (WALES)* 

Glamorganshire 

O INGHENITH, id est, dimidia pars cantaredae. P. 101. 

v3 Ergen, Anglice Urchinfeld. 

Kreyke yn yre, a id est, niveus collis, ex yra, id est, nix. 

Ban, id est, locus assignatus, unde et monies excelsiores 
dicuntur Banne. 

Bancor, id est, chorus de fama excellens. 

Mor haveren, id est, mare Sabrinum. b 

Tapha c fluvius habet duo brachia, quorum alter major, 
alter minor Tapha appellatur, et currunt in unum in prin- 
cipio de Singhenith adjacentis regioni Brechenioc. 

Habertawe vulgo nuncupatur Swinseia. 

Barth idem est quod bardus, vel poe'ta. 

[* From Leland's MS. of "Collectanea," vol. iii, pp. 101-106 (Gough, 
" Top. Gen.," c. 3), printed in Hearne's " Collectanea," second edition, 
1774, vol. iv, pp. 90-94. These pages of notes, chiefly on Glamorgan- 
shire, should have been placed at the end of Appendix B to the vol. iii 
of this edition, "Leland in Wales"; I did not then recognize that the 
notes relate to places in Glamorganshire, and must have been used by 
Leland in his narrative. See vol. iii, pp. 17-36. 

These detached pages were not written by Leland, but by a very 
different hand ; perhaps some Welsh friend may have sent him the in- 
formation. Pages 96-98 in the MS. which precede them describe Angle- 
sey (see before, vol. iii, Appendix B; pp. 99, loo are blank); p. 107 
relates to Gower land, and is in Leland's hand (vol. iii, Appendix A). 
There seems to be nothing else in this hand in the three volumes of 
Leland's MS. Collectanea. Burton appears to have placed the leaves 
in by the wrong edges, and to have numbered the pages before finding 
out his mistake ; he thereupon added letters indicating the right order, 
which accordingly was followed by Hearne, and is continued here. They 
stand pp. 101, 102, 103^, 104(7, io$c, io6, and I so print the figures 
for reference.] 

a Craig Eryri, or Snowdon. b Severn r. e Tav, Taue r. 

>37 



238 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

Ele a fluvius . . . currens in mare apud Penharth. 

Ddaw currens per Pont vayn, b habens originem spatio illius 
passuum duorum milium in loco vocato pant Llywyth, id est, 
vallis collorata, et transit in mare Sabrinum illinc ad tria 
millia passuum in loco vocato Haberddaw. 

Ewenny fluvius. 

Ogmor fluvius. 

Moithike, id est, Salopia. 

Monmowth Cambrice Moynwess, i.e. Monovaga.* 

Kayr vyske, alias Brynbyga. c 

Merthyne wylht, id est, merlinus silvestris vulgariter 
nuncupatus. 

Ewenny cellula sub monasterio Glocestriae. 

Lancarovan, d id est, locus assignatus a cervis, distans 
spatio trium milliarium a Pont vayn. 

Habertawe, id est, Suunsey. 

Haber doye glevyth, id est, os duorum gladiorum. 

Brevie, id est, mugire unde et Landdewe breve e dicitur, et 
illic sanctus David contra haereticus mugiebat. 
P. 102. Apud Pont yr heske, qui est pons super Tapham, distans 
a Han Taphe septem passibus milium, est alta rupis, ubi 
salmones saltu admirabili adverse flumine rupem con- 
scendunt. 

Peder, id est, Petrus. Patarne, id est, Patarnus. 

Apud Llantoyt f in orientali parte cimiterii fani sancti 
Iltuti ferunt corpus Hoeli Da, id est, Hoeli boni, esse 
sepultum. 

Llanllecnye, alias Lymster, id est, locus leonis.* 

Castrum de Llan Blethian distans a Pontvayn quingentis 
passibus, ubi est porta quae habet septem cataractas. 

Castrum de Penllyyn distans a Pontvayn mille passibus. 

Colhiw h quidam porticulus maris prope Llan Iltute, 1 ubi 
transitur mare Sabrinum directe ad Dunster et Minhed in 
Somersetsher. 

[* Monovaga, added by Leland.] 



* Lai, Elei r. b Thawan r., Cowbridge. e Usk. 

d Llan Carvan. e Llan Dewi brevi. * Llantwit. 

8 Leominster. h Colhow. 

' Llantwit major. See vol. iii, pp. 27, 32, 33. 



APPENDIX 239 

Rivus de Remne originem habens in loco vocato Blayn P. 104 a. 
Remne,* id est, caput Remne, Anglice the Poynt of Remne, 
et currit in mare Sabrinum tribus millibus passuum a 
Kayrdyff. 

Rivus de Taffe Veghan, id est, Tapha parva, habens 
originem in monte quodam in Brecnoc, et descendit in 
Taffe Vawre, id est, Tapha magna, habente originem in 
monte de Brecnoc vocato, ut credo, the Banne Beghhynioc, b 
et locus ubi cadit in Tapha magna vocatur Haber du Taffe, 
*id est,casus utriusqueTaphae,alteriusf in alteram; qui locus 
est in partibus de Singhenith sub monte vocato the Garth, 
a parte occidentali ejusdem. In quo monte est castrum vetus, 
quod olim fuit celebre, quod vocatur castell Models, id est, 
castrum sonitus maris, quia ab orientali parte ejusdem 
castri currit quidam rivulus, vocatus More leys, id est, 
sonitus maris propter strepitum ilium, quern J facit in 
descensu suo per rupes, et currit in Tapha sub dicto monte 
de Garth in australi parte ejusdem. 

Item est in dicto Singhenyth quoddam castrum, vulgariter 
nuncupatum Kair Fillye, c id est, castrum Fillie, quod est 
castrum munitissimum, turn ex arte turn ex situ loci propter 
paludes illi castri adherentes, et [distal ] a Tapha duobus 
millibus et quingentis passibus, et stat ab orientali parte 
fluminis, et distat a Kairdyff quatuor millibus passuum, et 
stat a Kayrdiff versus septentrionem. Est et aliud castrum 
in eadem plaga distans a Kairdyff duobus millibus passuum, 
quod vocatur Castell Cough, id est, castrum rubrum, quod 
stat in rupe rubea, distans a Tapha quingentis passibus. 
Item aliud castrum vocatum castrum de Llandaffe prope 
Tapham distans a Kayrdiff mille passibus. Deinde est 
castrum de Kayrdiff, quod est primum et principale totius 
Glamorgan tiae. 

Item est et alius rivus, vulgariter nuncupatus Leye, habens P. 106 b. 

[* Between these two lines is a scratch plan of the Tav and its valley. 
Another of Pontvayn and its neighbourhood occurs further on, p. 241. 
Hearne reproduces them.] 

[t Altera, MS.] [t Strepidum illud quod, MS.] 

[ Added by Hearne.] 



Blaen Remny. b Banne Brycheinog. c Caerphilly. 



2 4 o LELAND'S ITINERARY 

originem in loco vulgariter nuncupate Kreyky Denas, a id est, 
in monte de Denas, qui stat prope locum vulgariter nuncu- 
patum Pen Rise, id est, caput Resi, ab australi parte ejusdem. 
Iste rivus currit in mare Sabrinum in loco vocato Penarth, 
id est, caput ursi, et transit per valles pulcherrimas, penes 
quem sunt plura castra olim pulcra et ampla. Primum est 
castrum de Llantrissent, quod stat in orientali parte illius 
in monte vocato Kreyk Lantrissent, distans a dicto rivo 
ducentis passibus. Item inferius est castrum vocatum castell 
llan Peder, id est, castrum loci Petri, et stat in occidentali 
parte illius rivi, distans jact: lapidis ab eo rivo, et a Kairdiff 
quatuor millibus versus occidentalem plagam plus quam sep- 
tentrionem. Est et aliud castrum, vocatum vulgariter castrum 
Sancti Georgii, et est prope dictum rivum ad jactum lapilli, 
et stat a parte occidentali ejusdem, et a Kairdiff iii bus millibus 
passuum. Est et aliud, quod vulgariter nuncupatur castrum 
Sancti Fagani, prope dictum rivum, et stat a parte orientali 
ejusdem, et distal a Kair duobus millibus passuum. 

Item sunt alia nonnulla castra in ilia regione, puta castrum 
de Dinas Powes,quod ab australi parte vertente in occidentem 
stat a Kairdiff, distans ab ead: quatuor millibus passuum. 
Est et aliud castrum de Wenvo magis tendens in occidentalem 
plagam, distans a Kairdiff quinque millibus passuum. Est et 
aliud, quod vocatur castrum de Funmoyn, b magis vertens in 
australem plagam, distans a Kayrdiff vi millibus passuum, et 
a mari Sabrino duobus millibus passuum. 

Item est alius rivus, qui vulgariter nuncupatur Thawan, id 
est, Thaus, habens originem in loco vocato pant Llewyth, 
distans a Pont vayn versus septentrionalem plagam duobus 
millibus et quingentis passibus, et currit per Pont vayn c in 
mare Sabrinum in loco vulgariter nuncupate Haber Thawan, 
id est, casus Thawi in aliud, et habet aliqua castra prope se 
sita. Est castrum de Talevan d in orientali parte ejusdem, 
distans ab eodem mille quingentis passibus et a Pontvayn 
duobus millibus passuum. Item est aliud castrum quod 
vocatur castrum de Penlleyn, 6 id est, caput Lini, et stat in 
occidentali plaga ejusdem, et distat ab eodem ducentis 
P. 105 c. passibus, et Pontvayn mille passibus, et stat ab occidentali 

* Craig Dinas. b Fonmone castle. See vol. iii, p. 24. 

c Cowbridge. d Tal y van. c Penlline. 



APPENDIX 241 

plaga ejusdem. Item est oppidum, moenibus et fossis cir- 
cumdatum, cujus orientalis porta stat ad ripas rivi in occi- 
dental! plaga ejusdem rivi, et currit rivus per moenia dicti 
Pontvayn, relinquendo oppidum ab occidentals et septen- 
trionali plaga. Item est et aliud castrum, distans a Pontvayn 
ducentis passibus, quod vulgariter nuncupatur castell Lan- 
lythan,* id est, castrum Lithani, et stat ab orientali plaga 
ejusdem rivi, distans ab illo jactu lapidis, et in illo castro est 
turris, sive porta, in qua sunt loca pro septem cathar . . . et 
est munitissima structura.* 

Item est aliud castrum, quod vulgariter nuncupatur castrum 
Sancti . . . et stat in rupe prope Sabrinum mare, distans a 
Pontvayn quatuormillibus passuum versus f australem plagam 
tendentem ad occidentem. 

Est etiam in ilia regione quidam locus, vocatus vulgariter 
locus Sancti Iltuti, cujus precibus, ut fertur, obtinuit a 
domino, ut nullum animal venenosum infra precinctum 
illius parochiae esset, nee ut animal hue usque visum est 
aliquod vivum mortuum tamen dicitur, illic. Illic est 
phanum Sancti Iltuti, quod est celeberimum, ac in cimiterio 
in orientali plaga illius fani jacet corpus Hoeli |j boni olim 
principis Wallie, et distal a Pont vayn iii bu " millibus passuum, 
et a mare Sabrino mille passibus, et tanto spado distat Pont 
vayn ab Haberthaw, b ubi rivus de Thawan cadit in mare 
Sabrinum, ac ubi est portus pro lembis ac carinis parvis. 

Item est alius rivus qui vulgariter nuncupatur Wenny, 
habens originem in loco vocato ^f etc. . . . et currit . . . ** 

Item prope rivum de Wenny est cellula, sive monasterium 
monachorum ordinis sancti Benedicti, quod stat ab orientali 
parte rivi, et distat a Pont vayn tribus millibus passuum. Est 
etiam quoddam castrum, quod vocatur castrum de Coite, 
stans ab occidentali plaga illius rivi, et distat ab eodem 

[* See before, p. 238.] [t Vestrum, MS.] 

[J " Animal " cannot now be seen, the margin of this leaf, being torn, 

has been repaired, probably since Hearne's day.] 

[ Sic.] [|| This name is gone: Hearne may have seen it.] 

[IT Vulgariter nuncupate Gelle ule oke currens in Oggor vawre in- 

cipiente in loco vocato Bolgh y clauth. Marginal note ] 
[** The leaf here is damaged.] 



Llan Blefcian. b Aber Thaw. 

V. R 



242 LELAND'S ITINERARY 

duobus millibus passuum, et a Pont vayn quinque millibus 
passuum. Est et alius rivus, vulgariter nuncupatus Oggure 
Veghan, habens originem in loco vocato Aylth y rett,* et 
currens in mare Sabrinum apud Haber Oggur, a ubi est quod- 
P. 103 d. dam castrum vocatum castrum de Haber Oggur, et distat a 
Pont vayn quinque millibus passuum, et stat in australi parte 
illius rivi. 

Item est aliud castrum vocatum castrum de Llan Gonoyt, b 
id est, loci gonoti, et distat a Pont vayn x millibus passuum 
versus occidentalem plagam, partim tendens in septentrionem, 
et distat a monasterio de Morgan duobus millibus passuum 
versus septentrionalem plagam. Item est alius rivus qui 
vocatur Havan. d Item alius qui vocatur Kenfik. 6 

[* The words " Veghan y rett" are inserted and in the margin by a 
different hand, the same which added the previous marginal note. ] 



a Aber Ogwr. b Llangynwyd. c Margam. 

* Avon r. e Kenffig r. 



GENERAL INDEXES 

TO 

THE WHOLE WORK 



I 



INDEX OF PERSONS AND LANDOWNERS 

[The word "temp." after a name indicates that the person was living in 
Le land's time. Bishops in long lists are not indexed individually; the 
lists are given under the plate-names. ] 



ABBO, monk of Fleury, St. Benoit 
sur Loire, v, 172. 

Abergavenny, Edward, Lord, i, 
76; Joan, Lady, ii, 47 n. ; Wil- 
liam Beauchamp, Lord, 67; 
Lord, 87; iv, 167. 

Abetots of Worcester, v, 229. 

Abingdon, Abbots of, i, 121 ; John 
of St. Helen's, v, I, 2. 

Achard, Berks, iv, 99. 

Aclam, Acklam, parson of Pet- 
worth, iv, 92. 

Acton, Mr., of Ripley, Wore., 
temp., ii, 88. 

Acton of Acton? Wore., iv, 112; 
Robert, beheaded, 163. 

Acton, Lawrence, Mayor of New- 
castle,, iv, 118; brothers Wil- 
liam and Lawrence, merchants 
of Newcastle, v, 145. 

Adam, Hugh, Glamorgan, iii, 31. 

jEdbald, son of ^thelbert, his 
palace, iv, 48. 

^Elphege, ^Ifheah, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, tomb, iv, 38, 40, 

57- 

yftschwin. Bishop, i, 117. 

Ager family of Otterdene, iv, 43. 

Alan de la Corone, alias Alan 
Opendore, iv, 181. 

Alan, of Alan's More and Kilpeck 
Castle, tomb, v, 178. 

Alarde of Winchelsea, iv, 114. 

Albany, Albeniacus, Lord of Bel- 
voir Castle, etc., iv, 89; mem- 
bers of the family buried in 



Belvoir monastery, v, 148, 149; 
Albanys of Norfolk, iv, 119. 

Albanac Castle near Gramham, 
William of, v, 149. 

Albemarle, Earl of, i, 62. 

Alcher, iv, 42, 53. 

Alcock, Bishop, i, 49. 

Aldborough, Williamand Richard, 
i,8 S . 

Aldhelm, Bishop of Malmsbury, i, 
130. 

Aldred and Wolstan, Bishops of 
Worcester, ii, 59, 60. 

Aldulph of Tetbury, iv, 103. 

Aldwin, a hermit, ii, 164. 

Alester, Dean of Warwick, tomb, 
ii, 42; v, 151. 

Alexander, clothier of Trowbridge, 
temp., i, 136. 

Alfred, King, and son Edward, 
buried at Hyde, i, 272; sup- 
posed founder of Oxford Uni- 
versity, ii, 152. 

Alfred of Beverley quoted, iv, 53. 

Alington, Camb., iv, 97. 

Allen, Thomas, free schools found- 
ed by, in Staffordshire, v, 19. 

Almaric, prior of Warwick, Patri- 
arch of Jerusalem, ii, 158. 

Anderton, Mr., temp., Lanes., iv, 

7- 
Andrews, Mr., Oxon, temp., iii, 

55- 
Angarville, Richard de Bury, 

alias, ii, 161. 
Anketill, iv, 107, 108. 



246 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Anselm, Bishop, tomb, iv, 39. 
Antioch of Stalbridge, iv, 108. 
Antony of Bee (Beke), Bishop of 

Durham, i, 70. See Bee. 
Archdeacon family, i, 187, 225; 

Thomas le, 235; Warine, knt., 

iv, 150. 
Arden family, iv, 80; Sir Giles, 

his wife Philippa, and daughter 

Margaret, ii, 12, 13. 
Armagh, Bishop of, Richard, son 

of Ralph, ii, 161. 
Armine of Egerby, i, 26. 
Armstrong, Mr,, i, 23. 
Arthur, King, his sword and Pont 

Perilous, i, 148 ; epitaph on, at 

Glastonbury, 258, 316. 
Arthur, Prince, son of Henry VII, 

ii, 88; Cocks, his servitor, 77, 

79 w. 
Arthur, son cf Peter, iv, 168 

(Welsh notes). 
Arundel, Earl of, Montgomery*., 

i"> 53. 545 Salop, ii, 81 ; v, 13. 
Arundel, John, Bishop of Exeter, 

i, 236; bishop buried at Can- 
terbury, iv, 40; Thomas, Arch- 
bishop, 44. 
Arundel, John of Trerise, i, 176, 

181, 185, 191; of Gwarnick, 

185; of Lanheron, i, 185, 202, 

205, 245. 
Aschendon, Wm., Abbot of Ab- 

ingdon, v, 76. 

Aschenwald, Richard, i, 40. 
Aschue, alias Aschgogh, Bishop 

of Salisbury, i, 268; Askcue, 

Line., v, 37. 
Ashfield, Oxon, iv, 76. 
Ashley of Ashley near Knutsford, 

v, 29; near Cold Norton, 

Oxon, v, 75. 



Ashley, Mr., of Wimborne, temp., 

i, 257, 305. 
Ashton family, ii, 169; Sir Ralph, 

Marshal, iv, 34. 
Aske family, iv, 77. 
Asser, John, of St. David's, 

Wales, ii, 167; Bishopof Britain, 

iv, 170. 

Asterby in Bilsby, Line. , v, 37. 
Astley of Petesey, Staff., ii, 170. 
Athelstan, Bishop of Hereford, ii, 

164. 

Atwater, Bishop, Line., i, 29. 
Atwell, Richard, i, 148. 
Audley, Lord, i, 164; v, 2, 12, 

13, 20, 25 ; Touchet or Twichet 

of Nantwich, Lord, ii, 22; iv, 

75 > Bishop of Sarum, i, 264. 
Audley, temp., iv, 121; Hugh, 

121, 158; James, 158, 162. 
Aveling, Alice, i, 129. 
Averey, parson of Dean, Glouc., 

v, 220. 
Aylesbury, John, rector ofEding- 

ton College of Bonhommes, ii, 

24. 

Babington, John, of Rampton, i, 
32. 

Babthorpe family, ii, 16; the law- 
yer, temp., v, 145. 

Bache, Bagche, Alexander, "Bis- 
hop of Chester," buried at Here- 
ford, ii, 67; v, 161. 

Bachelar, Mr., temp., i, 122. 

Bacon, Roger, ii, 160; his eulogy 
on William Shirwood, 161. 

Bagers, William, iv, 135. 

Bagle.* See Bache. 

BagottofBlithfield,^o^:,ii, 171. 

Baillie, John, in Tamworth, ii, 
104. 



[* Bagle, vol. v, p. 161, is Stow's error for Bagche or Bache. Leland's 
story is also obscure if not erroneous. No Alexander Bache occurs in 
the lists of bishops of Chester, but one of that name was Bishop of St. 
Asaph from 1390 to 1395, when he died. As Edward III (whose con- 
fessor he is said to have been, vol. ii, p. 67) died in 1377, this bishop 
cannot have been the man.] 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 247 



Baillie, clothier of Trowbridge, i, 

136- 

Bainham, Baynham, Baynonn, 
Mr., of Westbury, Glouc. , temp. , 
ii, 64. (Perhaps George Beyne- 
ham, J.P. of co. Glouc. in 
1 542. ) See Baynon. 

Baldwin, John, Chief Justice, 
temp., ii, III. 

Balsall, Dr. Thomas, tomb, ii, 49. 

Bane, Mr., student in Louvain, 
Leland's letter to, ii, 145. 

Barber or Harbour, Geoffry, mer- 
chant of Abingdon, v, 78, 113- 
116, 118. 

Bardolph, Lord, i, 25. 

Barentine, Barentyne, Barrentyne, 
Sir William, temp., i, 114, 117; 
ii, 19; family of London and 
Oxfordshire, and temp., v, 232, 

233- 
Bareswell or Barkeswell. See 

Berkswell. 

Barkeley. See Berkeley. 
Barnes, Lord, iv, 96, 128. 
Barnard Castle, Richard of, tomb, 

v, 128. 

Barningham family, iv, 30. 
Barnstaple, lords of, i, 170. 
Barow, Henry, Esquire, iv, 163. 
Barre, Humfrey le, iv, 103. 
Barret, Cornw., i, 204. 
Barwik or Barok, tomb at Wim- 

borne, i, 257, 304. 
Basset family, Derby <s., ii, 14; 

0*o,33 103, 105; Staff., 171, 

172. 
Basset of Treheddy, i, 189, 190; 

of Pencoit, Glamorgan, iii, 21. 
Bassingburn, iv, 123. 
Bath, Earl of, i, 171, 301. 
Bath and Wells, Bishops of, i, 

290-294. 
Bawdey of Somerby, temp., i, 

25, 26. 
Bayllie, James, of Oxford, temp., 

i, 125. 

Baynard family, Essex, iv, no. 
Baynon, Baynan, Inon, iv, 86, 87 ; 

William, temp., 87. 



Baynton, iv, 163; Sir Edward, i, 
I3 2 ; i v > 99; Beynton, Dorset, 
1 08. 

Baynton, Mr., temp., i, 133, 258; 
v, 82. 

Beauchamp, William, Lord of 
Abergavenny, ii, 67. See Aber- 
gavenny. 

Beauchamps, Lords of Alcester, 
ii, 51 ; of Burford, v, 74. See 
Warwick, Earls of. 

Beauchamp family, Bellocampo, 
i y J 595 f Bedford, Simon 
Paganus and wife Roisia, i, 100, 
101 ; iv, 34; v, 150; of Holt, 
i, 15; v, 229; of Powick, ii, 
90; tomb, v, 229; of Glouces- 
tershire, 133. 

Beauchamp, Bishop, i, 264; 
Thomas, knt., of Dorset, iv, 
1 08. 

Beaufort, knt., tomb in Osney, i, 
124; tomb in Warwick, ii, 42; 
Henry, Cardinal, iv, 159. 

Beaufort, Lady Margaret, i, 22, 
27, 257, 299. 

Beaufort, Thomas, Duke of 
Exeter, and wife Margaret, 
tomb, ii, 149. 

Beaumont or Bellmont, Leic., iv, 
126, 127 ; Devon, 127. 

Beaupie, tomb in Ludlow, ii, 77, 

79 

Beaupray, i, 187 ; Sheriff of Corn- 
wall, 235. 

Beauvais, Beaumeis, Belmeis, 
Richard de, v, 168, 169. 

Bee or Bek, Antony de, Bishop 
of Durham in 1284, i, 70; v, 
60, 127, 131, 145. 

Becket, Thomas, v, 165 ; trans- 
lated, iv, 39, 40; life of, by 
Grim, 118, 143. 

Beckington, Thomas, Bishop of 
Bath, i, 145, 290, 291, 293. 

Bccoles, ? Beccles, Alan de, ii, 
160. 

Bede, the " noble monk," buried 
at Durham, v, 128; cited, ii, 
25 5 v, 39, 54, 185- 



248 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Bedford, Jasper, Duke of, ii, 56; 
iii, 38- 

Bedlaw, Mr., of Alverdiscote 
(Alscote), temp., i, 172, 299, 
300. 

Beeston (Biston), of Beeston, 
Chesh., v, 28. 

Belasyse, Anthony, Dr., of Dur- 
ham, temp. , iv, 84 ; v, 2. 

Belesme, Rogerde, Earl of Shrews- 
bury, and family, ii, 21, 22; 
chapels founded by, 86. 

Belknap, Mr., v, 155. 

Bell, merchant of Gloucester, 
temp., ii, 58. 

Bellairs, ii, 1 8. 

Bellegreve family, i, 20. 

Bellethorpe, of West Butterwick, 

i,38- 
Bellinghams, of Westmoreland, v, 

47- 

Belmont, Bellemonte, Lord, i, 25 ; 
v, 223 ; Roger de, and William, 

, 158- 

Bere, Richard, Abbot of Glaston- 
bury, i, 288, 289; v, 3. 

Bergavenny. See Abergavenny. 

Berkeley, Barkeley, William of, 
family, iv, 101, 102, 103, 141; 
genealogy of the lords of, 103- 
105; John, Lord, 141 ; Thomas, 
133,141; Roger, Lord, a monk 
in Gloucester, ii, 60. See Lisle. 

Berkeley, Maurice (?de Gaunt), 
iv, 130, 131, 141 ; Roger of 
Dursley, 130, 133; Sir William, 
temp., 132, 133, 141. 

Berkeleys, tombs in St. Augus- 
tine's, Bristol, v, 88; posses- 
sions, 94, 96, 101. 

Berkeley of Heron, alias Fitz- 
harding, iv, in, 112. See 
Harding. 

Berkeley of Wymondham, iv, 
123. 

Berkswell, Bareswell, or Barkes- 
well, William, Dean of War- 
wick, tomb, ii, 41; v, 151. 

Bernulph, King of Mercia, ii, 59. 

Besford, ii, 171. 



Bessels, Blesells of Oxfordshire, 
v, 72, 73, 76. 

Betune, Bethune, Robert of, 
Bishop of Hereford, v, 162, 
182, 183 ; his Life by William, 
Prior of Lanthony, 188, 189. 

Bicknell, Canon of Wells, tomb, 

i, 293- 

Biddle of Biddle, Staff., ii, 172. 
Bifields of How, Hunts, i, 2. 
Bigot, Bygot, family, i, 55, 58, 

78; Mr., temp., iv, 33; Hugh, 

v, 172. 
Bilsby of Bilsby, Line . , temi>. , v, 

.37- 

Birkenhead, Mr., temp., iv, 74; 

Briketts or Brikenheved, 75. 
Birinus, Bishop of Dorchester, i, 

263. 
Bishop, John, of Abingdon, and 

daughter Alice, ii, 3. 
Bisset family, ii, 87. 
Black, Blage, Mr., temp., iv, 127. 
Blackburne, Mayorof York, public 

benefactor, v, 144. 
Blacket family, i, 14. 
Blackstone, Mr., of Peckwater's 

Inn, Oxford, temp., iv, 165. 
Blake, last Abbot of Cirencester, 

i, 129. 

Blebury or Blubury, John of, pre- 
bendary, ii, 24. 
Blith, John, Bishop of Sarum, i, 

264. 

Bloyon, Alan, i, 235. 
Blueth family, iv, 1 10. 
Blundus, John, ii, 160; Ailwardus, 

iv, 130. 

Blunt, knt., i, 16; family, ii, 171. 
Blunt, Lord Mountjoy, temp., i, 

193- 
Bodrugam, Bodrigan, Sir Henry, 

i, 201; Philip de, 235; Roger 

de, 235. 
Bohun, Matilda, wife to Robert 

Burnell, tomb, v, 177; Joan, 178. 
Bohuns, Earls of Hereford, i, 2; 

ii, 65 ; Humphry, 20; one of 

the Constables of England, iv, 

103, 125. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 249 



Boleyn, Sir Geoffry, and family, 
ii, 9, 10, 112; possessions, iv, 
124. 

Boleyn, Queen Anne (?), i, 133; 
Geoffry, Mayor of London, iv, 

44- 

Boleyn, Thomas, Earl of Wilt- 
shire, i, 20; ii, 10. 

Bolney, gentleman, iv, 78. 

Bond, merchant of Coventry, ii, 
107. 

Bonhomes, family of Corsham and 
Laycock, temp., i, 134; of 
Haslebury, iv, 107. 

Bonner, Edmund, Bishop of Here- 
ford and then of London, temp. , 
v, 161, 167. 

Bonville, Boneville family, i, 157, 
208, 242, 297 ; William, Dorset, 
iv, 1 08, 1 20. 

Booth, Archbishop of York, i, 
72. 

Booth, Bouth, Charles, Bishop of 
Hereford, v, 27, 161; tomb, 
183; Lawrence, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, v, 131. 

Booth, of Dunham Massey, Che- 
shire, temp., iv, 5; v, 27; of 
Barton, Lane . , 27. 

Borow, Sir Thomas, and wife, 
of Gainsborough, i, 33; their 
grandson, Lord Borow, v, 37, 
58, 63. 

Borowgh, merchant of Lyme 
Regis, i, 244. 

Bosel, first Bishop of Worcester, 

ii, 59- 

Bostock of Bostock, Cheshire, v, 
27. 

Botreaux, iv, 132; Lord, and his 
wife, i, 163, 176; Reginald 
de, 235, 298; Margaret, tomb, 
264. 

Boucher, Bourcher, Sir John, 
iv, 34 ; Thomas, Cardinal, 44 ; 
tomb, 39 ; Lord, killed at Bar- 
net, 162; Humfrey, son of Lord 
Berners, i, 104; Henry, Earl of 
Essex, 313; family, 313. 

Bouth. See Booth. 



Boville, Beville, family, i, 181, 
185. 

Bowelle, William, Dorset, iv, 108. 

Bowes family of Durham, Mon- 
sieur de Arches, ii, 9. 

Bowes (Bowis), Mr., temp., Yorks, 
, 7, 95 iv, 28; Sir Ralph of 
Eggleston, i, 78. 

Bowmer, Sir Ralph, iv, 29. 

Brackenbury, Mr., i, 76. 

Bradley, William and Hugh de, 
iv, 102. 

Bradshaw, Mr., of Hawe, Lane., 
v, 41. 

Bradshaw, Henry, poet, iv, 55. 

Brainton, Mr., Hereford*., iii, 103. 

Brandesburn, Henry, tomb, i, 
264. 

Brantingham, Bishop of Exeter, i, 
227, 235. 

Braundele. See Bromley. 

Bray, Sir Reynald, or Reginald, 
i, 101, 116; ii, 8; Lord, i, 116; 
v, 8. 

Bray, Richard, Esq., medictis to 
Henry VI, tomb, v, 229. 

Brecknock, Archdeacon of, iii, 
109; Eleanor, Lady of, iv, 125; 
Humphrey, Lord of, 126. 

Breose, Breuse, Brayuse, family 
property, ii, 13; Reginald de, 
and five others, iv, 103, 125; 
William of, tomb, v, 209. 

Brereton, Sir Richard of Cheshire, 
v, 26 ; Sir Randol, temp. , iv, 4 ; 
v, 30; Sir William, 30. 

Breton, Bruton, John le, Bishop 
of Hereford, custos Garderobe, 
etc., v, 177, 183, 185. 

Bridges, Mr., of Cubberley, Wilts, 
temp., i, 130; v, 147; of Glou- 
cestershire, ii, 5; Sir John, 
Glouf,, iv, 115, 131, 132; of 
Berkshire, temp., iv, 115. 

Bridport, Giles of, Bishop of Salis- 
bury, i, 265, 267, 268. 

Brien, Briente, family of Dart- 
mouth, and Guido de, lord of 
Woodsford and Tewkesbury, i, 
221 ;iv, 73, 157 ;v, 177. 



250 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Brigham, Christopher, merchant 

of Newcastle, v, 59. 
Brightnel, Northants, iv, 124. 
Brinstan (Beornstan), Bishop, his 

life, i, 229; image, 270. 
Brocas, Isabel, of Missenden and 

Quainton, and father Sir Bern- 

ard-Brocas, ii, 3. 
Brocas married to a Sandys with 

land, ii, 8. 

Broke, Edward, Dorset, iv, 108. 
Brokesby, Esq., of Leicester, i, 

16; of Shoulby, 21. 
Broko, ? Brocas, Lords, ii, 51. 
Bromley, Sir John, of Stafford- 
shire and his heirs, v, 29. 
Brooke, Lord, i, 189, 193, 212, 

217 ;iv, 72. 

Brooke, Lord. See Willoughby. 
Brotherton, Thomas of, son to 

Edward I, i, 88, 327; family, 

iv, 83, 90, 93. 
Brough, John de, Earl of Ulster, 

iv, 155- 
Broughton, lands of, iv, 97 ; John, 

flints., iii, 69. 

Broune family, of Thrapstone, i, 6. 
Brounscom be, Walter, i, 197, 226. 
Browne, Mr., knt., temp., ii, 52. 
Browning, Bruning, of Melbury, 

Dorset t epitaphs, i, 247; iv, 

109. 

Bruce family, i, 63, 64, 99. 
Brudenel of Dene, Mr., temp., i, 

12, 13, 307, 308, 313; ii, 5; v, 

223. See Entwistle. 
Brudenel, Edmund, and wife, 

tomb at Amersham, ii, 113; 

Robert, chief justice, 113. 
Bruer, William, i, 223 ; of Bridge- 
water, 162, 163, 298; Alice, 

266. 
Bruer, William, Bishop of Exeter, 

i, 226, 238. 
Brun, Sir Morice, and mother, 

Lady Brun, ii, 3. 
Brut, Brutte, Richard, iv, 107. 
Bruton, John, knt., and wife, tomb, 

v, 177. 
Bryan. See Brien. 



Buckingham, Duke of, iii, 12, 42, 

49, 105, 107, ill; v, 13; how 

styled, iv, 24; Edward, 106; 

v, 100; Humphrey, iv, 160. 
Buckingham, John, Bishop of 

Lincoln, iv, 45. 
Buckingham, Humphry, Duke of, 

ii, 20. 
Buckingham, Thomas, Earl of, 

and wife Eleanor, ii, 20. 
Bubwith, Nicholas, Bishop of 

Bath, i, 145, 290, 292. 
Budock, Mr., temp., i, 212. 
Bulbeck, Viscounts, iv, 147, 148. 
Bulkeleys of Daneham parish, 

Eaton and Whatcroft, Cheshire, 

v, 27 ; and of Wales, 27, 28. 
Bunbury, gentleman near Wirral, 

Ches., v, 26. 
Burgh, Thomas, knt., and wife, 

tombs at Gainsborough, v, 123. 
Burgh, Brough, John de, Earl of 

Ulster (Holvester, Ultonia), i 

(John de Genevilla), 313; iv, 

155, 156. 

Burley, Sir John, tomb, ii, 67. 
Burnell, Sir Robert, v, 177; Bishop 

Burnell and his manor place at 

Acton, Salop, 230. 
Burrough, Mr., Leic., iv, 20. 
Burton, knt., of Nostel, iv, 13. 
Burwash, Bartholomew de, and 

daughter Elizabeth, iv, 157, 

158 ; Henry, Bishop of Lincoln, 

his brother and nephew, tombs, 

v, 120, 121. 
Bury, Richard, Bishop of Durham, 

writer of " Philobiblon," ii, 161 ; 

v, 127, 131. 
Bussey family of Hougham and 

of Haydor, i, 26; iv, 123, 124, 

131 ; of Lincolnshire, lands, v, 

223. 

Bush, Ralph, iv, 108. 
Butevilayne, William, iv, 103. 
Butler, Earl of Ormond, ii, IO. 
Butler, Boteler, Glamorgans., iii, 

31, 32; Mr. of Rawcliff, Lane . , 

temp., iv, 9. 
Butler, Boteler, Thomas, Lord 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 251 



Sudley, Glottc., ii, 45, 56 ; 
family, 54, 55; iv, 132; v, 154, 

155- 

Butville, knt., Norlhants, iv, 21. 
Bygram family, i, 2. 
By tten, Thomas, Bishop of Exeter, 

i, 226, 228, 236, 293. 

Cadogan, Bishop of Bangor, tomb, 

v, 178. 
Cadurcis, Paganus and Adam de, 

tombs in Gloucester Cathedral, 

ii, 61 ; v, 159. 

Cadwallon ap Madog, iii, 5 2 - 
Caine of Devonshire, iv, 107, 132. 
Calveley, Sir Hugh, iv, 3; v, 28, 

30- 

Camel, tomb of, i, 148. 

Campernulph, of Bere, i, 202, 
203 ; of Modbury, 216, 217. See 
Chambernoun. 

Camwell of Dorset, iv, 108. 

Candish, Mr., temp., i, 38. 

Candos, Robert, iv, 152, 153. 

Cantilupe, Lord Nicholas, tomb 
at Lincoln, v, 122. 

Cantilupe, Thomas, Bishop of 
Hereford, notes from life of, i, 
2335 iv, 135; v, 161, 162, 163, 
165, 166; his brothers, William 
at Hereford, 1 60, Hugh of 
Gloucester, 185; uncle Walter, 
Bishop of Worcester, 164, 185; 
father William, knt., 164, 176, 
185; mother Millicent of Ev- 
reux, i Si, 185; sister Julia, 
176; lands of the family and 
burial-place of some, v, 219. 

Canute, King, ii, 59. 

Capel, or Chapel, Sir Giles, iv, 
132; v, 86, 104; Sir Henry, 
104. 

Car, Mr., of Sleaford, temp,, i, 
26. 

Car, William, knt., iv, 163. 

Caradoc, Cradock, alias Newton, 
v, 85, 86. 

Cardinham of Fowey, i, 202, 203. 

Carent, Mr., of Wilts, v, 107, 
no. 



Cares well, Caverswall, Mont- 
gomery and Sir William of, iv, 
129. 

Carew, Sir George, of Devonshire, 
temp., i, 221, 223, 225, 240; 
true family name Montgomery, 
ii, 30. 

Carew, Sir Nicholas, Master of 
the Horse, temp., i, 241; ii, 
10; iv, 127; Thomas, 108. 
See Carow. 

Carlisles, merchants of Newcastle, 
iv, 117. 

Carne, Sir Edw., Glamorgan!., 

iii, 31, 32. 
Carneballe, prebendary of Lincoln, 

i, 3- 
Carnsey, Mr., of Trelille, temp., 

i, 178, 179, 183, 303. 
Carnsew of Bokeley, i, 191. 
Carow, Gawen, temp., i, 175, 

302; family, 186. 
Carpenter of Portsmouth, i, 284. 
Caryl of Clovelly, temp., i, 299. 
Castel, Thomas, prior of Durham 

1494-1519, v, 60; Phis coat of 

arms, 121. 
Castile, Philip, King of, his navy, 

i, 216, 222. 
Catherine, Queen, grandmother 

to Henry VII, i, 307, 308. 
Catherine, Princess Dowager (C. 

of Aragon), i, 28. 
Cavalcant, a Florentine, prebend- 
ary of Salisbury, i, 125. 
Cavel, Cormu., i, 187, 191. 
Cavendish. See Candish. 
Cayle, Corniu. , i, 206. 
Ceolwulph, King, at Lindisfarne, 

iv, 95 ; tomb at Norham, 95. 
Cerne, Dorset, iv, 108. 
Chamber, Dr., parson of Torring- 

ton, temp., i, 172, 300. 
Chamberlain of Oxfordshire, i, 

115; v, 124. 
Chambernoun, Mr., of Modbury 

and Beer, i, 160, 186, 203. 
Champion, Alderman, ii, 30. 
Chandos, Chandois, Sir Richard 

and wife, ii, 67, 69; band of the 



252 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



noble warrior, iv, no, 115, 
1 16 ; family and possessions, v, 
147, 148, 176, 190. 
Chapman, clothier, of Bath, i, 

143- 

Chaucer, Thomas, Lord of 
Ewelme, Hook Norton, etc., 
Oxon, and Alice, family of, i, 
112; ii, 5, 19; v, 74. 

Chaumburne, Sir Philip, temp., 
i, 217. 

Chaumon, Sir John, of Efford, i, 
176. 

Chauncy, John, knt., iv, 102. 

Chaveneys, family, Leic., ii, 7. 

Chaworth, Sir John, of Notting- 
hamshire, iv, 19; of Derby- 
shire, v, 3. 

Chedder, Lord, v, 104. 

Cheltenham, Abbot of Tewkes- 
bury, iv, 136. 

Chenduit family, i, 234, 235. 

Cheney, Cheyney, Lord, Warden 
of Cinque Ports, i, 125 ; Sir 
John, 264; Warden of Dover, 
temp., iv, 70; Cheyni, knt., 
73; of Pynne, Exeter, ii, 17. 

Chenies family, i, 105. 

Chester, Earls of, iv, 147 ; Ralph 
or Randol, v, 24. 

Chetweine, Chetwynd, of Ingestre, 
Staff., ii, 171. 

Chicheley, Henry, Archbishop, iv, 
44 ; Bishop, 34, 39. 

Chicheley, chamberlain of Lon- 
don, family, iv, 34. 

Chideock, John, knt., iv, 108. 

Chillenden, Thomas, prior of 
Canterbury, iv, 41. 

Choke, Sir Richard, Chief Justice, 
v, 80, 86. 

Cholmeley, Cholmondeley, family, ; 
Yorks, i, 62, 63 ; Mr. , Cheshire, ' 
temp., iv, 2; v, 30. 

Chorleton family, Salop, iii, 66; 
v, 18, 183; Louis, Bishop of ! 
Hereford, 162, 181, 184; Lord ! 
Powis, iv, 76. 

Clare family, iv, 154-156; Gil- i 
bert de, and wife Joan, ii, 92; 



v, 102, 172, 174, 229; Sir Ni- 
cholas, 67. 
Clare, Earl of Gloucester, iv, 140. 

See Gloucester. 
Clare, Richard, Earl of Hereford, 

iv, 154, 155. 
Claregenet, i, 83. 
Clarelle, i, 36. 
Clarence, Duke of, iv, 138, 161 ; 

how styled, 24 ; Isabella Neville, 

Duchess of, 161. 
Clarivaulx, i, 328; ii, 14. 
Claxton, Burnham, i, 75- 
Clement of Lichfield, Abbot of 

Evesham, ii, 52. 
Cleobury, Thomas, Abbot of 

Dour, temp., ii, 84. 
Clerk, Bishop of Bath, i, 145, 149, 

291. 

Clerk, Mr.,ofWeston, /*/., i, 1 14. 
Clifford, iv, 132; of Kent, 88; 

Roger, 126; v, 178. 
Clifton, Gervase, beheaded, iv, 

162; Mr., temp., i, 89. 
Clinton, Lord, of Folkestone, 

temp., iv, 64; descended from 

Earl of Huntingdon, ii, 17. See 

Fiennes. 
Clopton, Hugh, of Stratford-on- 

Avon, ii, 27, 28; his works 

there, 49, 50. 
Cobham, Margaret, i, 35 ; Sir 

John, and wife, iv, 44 ; Cob- 
hams of Lingfield, Surrey, 118. 
Cokkis PCocks or Cox, gentleman 

to Prince Arthur, ii, 77, 79 n. 
Coleclough of Bloreton, Staff., ii, 

172. 

Coleshill, iv, 73. 
Colville, knt., Kent, iv, 66. 
Colworp, Alice, ii, 2. 
Compton, knt., Cornw., i, 205. 
Compton, Sir William, Keeper of 

Fulbrook, Warw., ii, 48. 
Compton, Cometon, Mr., temp. 

(Constable of Sudley and 

Gloucester Castles, ? of Hanley 

Castle also), iv, 135, 136, 141. 
Coningsby at Hampton, Here/., 

ii, 70. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC 253 



Constable, Mr., temfi., i, 64; 
" nobilitated," v, 223. 

Consul, Robert (notho), Earl of 
Gloucester, iv, 138, 139, 153 ; 
buried in St. James', Bristol, 
v, 88. 

Conway, Mr., temp., ii, 52. 

Cony, merchant of Basingthorpe, 
Line., i, 26. 

Conye, knt., tomb at Kiddermin- 
ster, ii, 87. 

Conyers, Coniers family, i, 2, 68, 
69; ii, 16, 17; v, 144; Lord, 
temp., ii, 6; iv, 26, 33; Cun- 
niers, Mr., iv, 28,30; William, 
of Hornby Castle, v, 134. 

Coode of Morel, i, 208. 

Coope or Cope, William, cofferer 
to Henry VII, tomb, ii, 39. 

Cope, Mr., temp., ii, 40. 

Copeland, Bertram and John, 
noted on Durham tablets, v, 
125. 

Copeston of Warley, temp., 1,212, 
217, 221. 

Cophin, Mr., of Bideford, temp., 
i, 172. 

Copledick of Harrington, Line., 

v, 37- .. 

Copley, ii, IO. 

Corbet, ii, 12; family of Shrop- 
shire, i, 199; temp., ii, 81 ; iii, 
65, 66 ; iv, i ; property, v, 14. 

Cornwall, Richard, Duke of, 
King of Germany, iv, 104. 

Cornwall of Herefordshire, ii, 75; 
Sir John, iv, 44; of Burford, 
", 75; v, 17- 

Cornwall, Cornwaile, Earls of, i, 
33, 208 ; their house at Lostwi- 
thiel, 205, 323; Bishop of, 237. 
See Edmund, Earl of Cornwall. 

Corona, Petronilla, fee of, near 
Boston, v, 223. 

Corpeson, of Studley Abbey, iv, 
129. 

Cotmore, William, Carnaruons. , 
iii, 85. 

Cotton, Salop, iii, 67. 

Coucy, Ingelram, lord of, i, 78. 



Couksey family, iv, 79. 

Countre, Thomas, parson of In- 
gestre, v, 18. 

Courteney family, i, 206, 216, 
217, 227; of Powderham, 222, 
232; William and Peter, bis- 
hops, 235, 236. 

Courteney, Egeline, /Kglean, wife 
of Gilbert Basset, ii, 34. 

Courteney, founder of Maidstone 
College, iv, 38. 

Courteney, Thomas, Earl of 
Devon, slain at Tewkesbury, 
iv, 162; Walter and Hugh, be- 
headed there, 163; Marquis of, 
his property, v, 2. 

Cowlin of Treveglis, i, 187, 188. 

Cranmer, Thomas, born at Asloc- 
ton, temp., i, 97. 

Creall, of Kent, iv, 43, 44. 

Crevecoeur, three of the family 
buried at Leeds, Kent, iv, 43. 

Croft of Croft Castle, Hereford, 

", 75- 

Crompton, of London, iv, 121. 
Cromwell, Lord Thomas, temp., 

i, 22, 27; iv, 91, 115; " one of 

the Cromwells," 115. 
Cromwell or'Crumwell, Richard 

William's alias, iii, 17. 
Crowmer, William, Kent, iv, 44. 
Cruen or Crunne, Alan de, of 

Freiston, tomb, ii, 147. 
Culwyn or Curwyn, Sir Thomas, 

Cumb., v, 54. 
Cumberland, Earl of, and wife, 

v, 4 ; owner of Brougham Castle, 

54; Henry Clifford, temp., 138. 
Cumbreford of Cumbreford, Staff., 

ii, 170. 
Curbuil, Corboile, William, prior 

of Chich and Archbishop of 

Canterbury, v, 168, 169. 
Curtus, Robert, tomb at Gloucester, 

v, 159- 
Curzon, Curcenn, Courcon, Robert 

de, v, 173. 

Cusance, Peter de, knt., iv, no. 
Cuthbert, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, v, 210. 



254 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Cutt, Sir John, of Kent and Essex, 
Under-Treasurer of England, 
ii, 30; his son, 31; " yong 
Cutte," iv, 46. 



Dabridgecourt family, i, 245 n. 

Dacres, Lord, of Gillesland, temp., 
ii, 7; v, 63; Lord, slain at 
Towton, iv, 77 ; of Drumburgh 
and Rockcliff, Cumb., v, 51; 
and Naworth, 55, 56. 

Dalaunson, Dalison, of Lincoln- 
shire, temp., ii, 10; iv, 128; 

v, 37- 

Dalemayn, Henry, iv, 58. 
Daltery, ii, 24. 
Daltons, ii, 21. 
Damarie, ii, 34. 
Danby, Mr., houses of, Yorks, v, 

144. 
Daniel, servant to Sir W. Stanley, 

Ches., v, 28. 
Daniel of Tabley, v, 27; of St. 

Margaret's, Marlborough, v, 81. 
Daniel, Sir John, of Hereford and 

the Black Friars, v, 1 60. 
Daraby, i, 76, 79, 314; father of 

Win. Neville, ii, 22; Earl of 

Westmoreland, v, 2. 
Darby, John, draper, Alderman 

of London, iv, 44. 
Darcy, Lord, i, 46; John, of 

Snaipe, Line., ii, 6. 
Darcy family, Essex, iv, 87. 
Darcy, Sir George, temp., ii, 19; 

v, 231. 
Darells, of Sessay and of Kent, 

iv, 128; of Littlecote, Wilts., 

v, 79- 

Daubeney, iv, 74. 

Daunsey, Daundesey, Alison, 
daughter of Walter, ii, 3. 

Davell, Lord, ii, 15; Dr., of 
Northumberland, temp., iv, 123; 
V J 57> 58 6; the family, its 
origin and lands, 58, 59. 

Davenports of Bramhall, Wood- 
ford, Davenport, and Henbury, 
v, 27. 



Davers of Great Milton, Oxon, i, 
116. 

Davers of Dauntsey, part owner 
of Scilly Isles, temp., i, 191, 
286. 

David, King of Scots, prisoner at 
Nottingham, i, 96. 

Dawes, Mr., friend of Leland, ii, 
145, 146. 

Dawney, Guy, Yorks, iv, 128. 

Dawtrey of Petworth, iv, 77, 78, 
80, 92. 

De Fortibus, Earl of Devonshire, 
iv, 119. 

Deinville, knt., ii, 67. 

Delaber, Delabere, Sir Richard, 
tomb, ii, 67; iv, 103. 

Delabont of Little Totnes, i, 
219. 

Delaland, Line., iv, 123. 

De la Linde, John, iv, 107, 108. 

Delamare family, iv, 98, 99 ; Ro- 
bert, 1 02; of Nunney, Somers. , 
castle and tomb, v, 97, 98. 

Delamere, Gowerland, iii, 127. 

Delaware, Lord, of Wickwar, 
Glouc., temp., v, 96. 

De la Rivers, v, 98, 99. 

De la Roche, William, iv, 98, 
99. 

Delves, John, senior and junior, 
iv, 162; Sir Henry, Ches., v, 
29. 

Denbaude, de Poscuith, iv, 71, 
72; Henton, 72. 

Dene, William, of Reading, i, 
no. 

Denton, Dr., Master of St. John's, 
Ludlow, ii, 77. 

Derby, Earl of, various possessions 
of, i, 16, 80, 104, 107, 1 60; ii, 
34, 35 ; Earl or Lord of Derby, 
Lane., iv, 5, 6, 9, 12; v, 13, 
14, 40, 41, 42, 43. See Stanley. 

Dering, Mr., temp., iv, 93. 

Devenish, ii, 10. 

Devereux of Herefordshire, ii, 69 ; 
Ebroicius, iv, 119, 154; Wil- 
liam, knt., tomb at Hereford, 
v, 183. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 255 



Devonshire, Earls of, i, 216, 217. 

See Reddeues and De Forti- 

bus. 

Dicons, Sir John, iv, 120. 
Digby, Dykeby family, ii, 17, 18; 

Sir Simon, v, 23. 
Digby of Tilton, i, 21. 
Dikes, ancient family of Pet worth, 

iv, 78, 92, 93. 
Dinham of St. Erth, i, 192. 
Dionise, Mr., of Dyrham, Glouc., 

v, 94 ; members of the family, 

99- 

Disney, d'Isney, i, 26. 
Dispenser. See Spenser. 
Dodd, John, Salop, iii, 66. 
Dogget, Canon of Salisbury, i, 

154, 296. 

Dormer, Mayor of London, i, 1 16. 
Dorchester, Birinus, Bishop of, i, 

263. 
Dorchester, Osmund, Earl of, i, 

260. 
Dorset, Marquis of, temp., i, 17- 

20, 208, 241, 242; v, 222. 
Dovora, Isabel de, v, 210. 
Downe, alias Dane, Sir John, of 

Cheshire, iv, 3; v, 26. 
D'Oyly, D'Oilley, family of Ox- 
fordshire, i, 123, 124; ii, 21; 

Robert the, ii, 154. 
Drapar, Cardinal, his gift for 

London Bridge, v, 6. 
Draycot, Sir Phillip, Staff., ii, 

171. 

Drayton, tombs, i, 117. 
Dubricius, successive sees held by, 

ii, 168. 
Dudley, John, Viscount, and the 

Talbots, temp., ii, 17; v, 14; 

Lord Marcher, iii, 53, 55, 125; 

Lord, iv, 76. 

Dun, Grifin, Justice of Carmar- 
then, iii, 56. 

Dunevet, Knevet family, iv, 119. 
Dunham, Lord, his daughters, v, 

220. 
Dymok, Dymmok, of Flints., iii, 

68; of Line., Scrivelsby, v, 37; 

Carleton, 38. 



Ecmundtown, ii, 15. 

Edburga, Queen of Mercia, ii, 59. 

Edgar, King, crowned at Bath, 
i, 144; his powers and juris- 
diction, v, 232. 

Edgecombe, Sir Percy, temp., i, 
174, 214, 218; Richard, 201. 

Edington, or Edenton, Bishop of 
Winchester, ii, 23, 24. 

Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, i, 33, 
104, 118, 119, 129, i So, 205; 
tomb, v, 1 23 ; his father Richard, 
i, 119, 129, 208. See Cornwall, 
Earls of. 

Edmund of Langley, i, 4, 6. 

Edmund the martyr, King, ex- 
tracts from his Life, and Mir- 
acles, v, 172, 173, 206. 

Edmunds, parson of Petworth in 
sixteenth century, iv, 92. 

Edward the Elder, King, founded 
Hereford, v, 165. 

Edward I, King, wives, and child- 
ren, i, 310; his death-place, v, 

Si- 
Edward II, King, descent from, 
i, 311; connection of Grandi- 
sons with, 238 ; tomb at Glou- 
cester, ii, 60. 
Edward III, King, descent from, 

i, 3". 3!2. 
Edward the Black Prince, tomb, 

iv, 38. 
Edward IV, Earl of March, v, 4, 

12. 
Edward, Prince, son of Henry VI, 

slain at Tewkesbury, iv, 162; 

his wife, Anna Neville, 161, 

163. 

Edwards, Flints., iii, 73. 
Egbert, King, ii, 59. 
Egertons of Cheshire, v, 26, 28 ; 

Ralph, 28. 
Egfrid, King of Northumbria, iv, 

94. 
Einon, a Welsh borderer, Gla- 

tnorgans., iii, 38. 
Eleanor, Queen of Edward I, 

bowels buried at Lincoln, v, 

121. 



256 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Eleanor, "one Queen," tomb in 

Grey Friars, Bedford, iv, 23. 
Elinham, William, and wife, tomb, 

ii, 150. 

Elis of Kesteven, i, 26. 
Ellesford, Sir John, tomb, ii, 67. 
Ellis ap Richard, Flints. , iii, 69. 
Elmes, temp., i, 6. 
Elsing, merchant of London, ii, 

28. 

Ely, last Abbot of Bruton, i, 150. 
Ely,. Bishop of, ii, 29. 
Elys nab Moriche, Carnarvons., 

iii, 85. 
Engaine, of Broughton, Hunts, 

ii, 29. 

Engleby, i, 81. 
Entwistle (Eintwesel), Bertram, 

Leic. , ii, 5 ; Mr. Brudenel 

(A^r/Aawfr) descended from hi m , 

temp., ii, 6. 

Erdeswick. See Yareswik. 
Ernulphus Falconarius, i, 266. 
Erisi of Erisi, Cornw., i, 187. 
Espec, Walter, i, 90, 101 ; iv, 88. 
Essex, Mr. , family of Lambourne, 

Berks, temp., ii, 16; v, 79. 
Essley, Walter de, iv, 103. 
Estfield, steward of Tickhill, tomb, 

i, 35- 
Esthal, Robert de, Archdeacon of 

Worcester, i, 235. 
Estoteville of Knaresborough, i, 

87. 
Etheldred the martyr, King, buried 

at Wimborne, i, 257, 304. 
Ethelfleda, wife to Ethelred, ii, 

62. 
Ethelred, King of Mercia, ii, 59, 

62. 
Ethelstan, King, founder of St. 

Burian's, i, 189; at Barnstaple, 

300; his parentage, iv, 125; his 

brother a hermit, ii, 86. 
Ethelwold, Abbot of Abingdon, i, 

121. 
Ethelwold, two bishops of Lindis- 

farne, iv, 94. 
Eustache le Moyne, Admiral of 

France, iv, 54. 



Eva, Queen of Mercia, ii, 59. 
Evan, Thomas, temp., ii, 78. 
Everards of Aller, temp., i, 167. 
Evers of Axholm, i, 38. 
Ewias, Sir Robert, v, 176; tomb, 

I 7 8. 
Exeter, Bishops of, i, 214, 226- 

228, 235, 236; Harman, ii, 98, 

99; Lacy, v, 3. 
Exeter, Duke and Duchess of, i, 

219, 299; Marquis, 232. 
Exeter, Marquis of, v, 2; Lord 

Fitzpaine, possessions of, 50; 

Holland, Duke of, 2. 
Eynno, ? Einon, of Hereford, v, 

1 66. 
Eyton, John, Denbigh*. , iii, 70. 

Fackeley, or Falkley, ii, 138. 

Fairfax of Yorkshire, iv, 74. 

Falcasius de Brent, i, 100. 

Falconbridge, Lord, of Skelton, 
ii, 6, 7. 

Fanhap, Fannope, Lord, i, 102, 
103; iv, 44; v, 8. 

Fannand, Richard, ironmonger, 
tablet at Abingdon by, to record 
the building of Culham Bridge, 
v, 115-118. 

Faritius, Abbot of Abingdon, A.D. 
noi, v, 75. 

Farley, Abbot of Gloucester, ii, 
61. 

Farmer, John, temp., i, ii; Rich- 
ard, merchant, his misprision, 
ii, 10; his daughter, temp., ii, 
14. 

Farringtons, of Leland parish, iv, 
8. 

Felding, esquire, killed at Tewkes- 
bury, iv, 163. 

Felton of Felton, iv, 1 10. 

Fenwick, Sir John, temp., v, 65. 

Fernham, Nicholas, bishop of 
Durham, v, 127, 132. 

Ferrars, Earl of, ii, 29 ; Ferrars of 
Chartley, 169; Lord, temp., his 
possessions, iv, 166; Earl of 
Derby, v, 20 ; of Groby, 223. 

Ferrars, iv, 131, 157; v, 25; 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 257 



George, temp., ii, 28, 104, 105; 

Mr., temp., iv, 117; Anna, 

Robert, 157; Margaret, 157. 
Ferres, Lord, Pembroke*., iii, 63. 
Field, Master of Fotheringhay 

College, i, 5. 

Field, Feelde, Mr., temp., v, 4. 
Fiennes, or Fines, family: the 

Lords Dacres, Clinton, and 

Sayes, ii, 14. 
Filolle, Dorset, iv, 108. 
Finch, Finch Herbert, Sussex, iv, 

1 14. See Index II, Trade. 
Fineux family, iv, 43. 
Fitton, esquire, i, 109 ; of Gaws- 

worth, Ches., v, 27, 58. 
Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, iv, 

88. 

Fitzacre, Richard, ii, 160. 
Fitzallan of Haghmon, tombs of 

some of the family, v, 230. 
Fitzgerald, hanged, ii, 19. 
Fitzharding, iv, in. See Barke- 

ley. 

Fitzhaymo, Robert, iv, 138, 152. 
Fitzhugh family, iv, 27, 29. 
Fitz James, Mr., temp., i, 150, 

155; Dr., Bishop of London, v, 

231. 
Fitzneele, tomb at Dunstable, iv, 

127. 
Fitz Nicol, son of a Berkeley, iv, 

112. 

Fitzpayne family of Dorset*., iv, 
109 ; Philip, tomb at Sherborne, 

, 153. 295- 
Fitz Randol, Ralph, lord of Mid- 

dleham and Penhill, v, 134. 
Fitzwalter, Lord, temp., ii, 147; 

Philippa, Lady, 4. 
Fitzwarren, Lord, temp., iv, 129; 

v, 13; lord of Abingdon, v, 79; 

Master of Mendip forest, v, 85. 
Fitzwilliam, Earl of Hampton, 

1,171,173; tomb of Robert, 202. 
Fitz William family, Yorks, i, 36; 

of Aldwark, Yorks, iv, 128 ; of 

Mablethorpe, Line., v, 37, 122. 
Fleming, Alan of Stoke, Devon, 

i, 240. 

V. 



Fleming, rich man of Stamford, 
Line., iv, 88. 

Fleming of Glamorg., iii, 31, 38. 

Flore, John, standard bearer of 
the Duke of Somerset at Tewkes- 
bury-field, iv, 163. 

Florence of \\orcester, ii, 165. 

Flowers of York and Knares- 
borough, i, 86, 87. 

Fog, Mr., of Ashford, Kent, con- 
troller to Edward IV, iv, 38. 

Fontaine, Mons. de la, i, 185. 

Force, Henry, of Garsike, i, 188. 

Fordham, John, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, v, 131. 

Forne, Edith, wife to Robert 
d'Oyley, i, 123. 

Fortescue family, i, 186, 217; ii, 
19 ; Groomporter of the Court, 
temp., ii, 52; Chief Justice of 
England, iv, 163. 

Fortibus, Isabella de, i, 216, 232; 
Earl of Devonshire, iv, 119. 

Foster, Humfrey, father and son, 
temp., iv, 99, 100, 101. 

Foster of Northumberland, iv, 99, 
100; Sir Thomas, Marshal of 
Berwick, 99. 

Fowleciste, knt. , v, 29. 

Fowler, Thomas and Richard, i, 

"5- 

Fox, Richard, Bishop, i, 236, 283. 
Foxley, Margaret, called Parker, 

ii, 2. 
Foye or Fox, Phillip de, knt., 

tomb, ii, 6l ; v, 159. 
Framlingham, Mr., "Henry, sur- 
veyor and family," temp., iv, 96, 

101. 

Francis, Alice, ii, 34. 
Frank, Mr., of Knighton, Yorks, 

iv, 28. 
Freville, Baldwin, ii, 104 ; family, 

105. 
Froncester, Abbot of, Gloucester, 

ii, 61. 

Fulco de Ricote, i, 1 14. 
Fulfirte, Sir Baldwin, knt. of the 

Sepulchre, v, 2. 
Fulford of Fulford, knt., i, 186. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Fulgham, Sir Godfrey and sons, 

iv, 128. 

Furnivalx, i, 89. 
Fyfield, Elizabeth, daughter of 

John, ii, 2. 



Gage, Mr., Controller of the 
King's house, temp., ii, 10. 

Gallor, Walter, butcher of Sher- 
borne, i, 152, 295. 

Gamage, Gamages, knt. of Wales, 
tomb, ii, 6 1 ; v, 157; of Gla- 
morganshire, iii, 21, 33; Eliza- 
beth de, iv, 103. 

Gambon, i, 164. 

Garland, a draper of London, 
built vestry of Mells church, v, 
105. 

Gascoyne of Bath, i, 140; Sir 
Henry, Yorks, iv, 28. 

Gatacre, Salop, iii, 67. 

Gau, Richard le, iv, 107. 

Gaunt John of.and wife Constance, 
1,16,308,309; possessed Wim- 
borne and Kingston Lacy, i, 
256. 

Gaunt, iv, 130; Henry and Mau- 
rice, brothers, Bristol, 141 ; v, 
89. 

Gedeney of Mavis Enderby, Line., 

v, 37- 

Gerard of Ince, Lane., v, 37. 

Gervase of Canterbury, his writ- 
ings, v, 191, 208, 210-216. 

Gervasius and Protasius,merchants 
of Southampton, i, 277, 278. 

Gibbon, Mathew, Glamorgan*., 
iii, 21. 

Giffard, Helias, ii, 60; Giffard 
owned Bromfield Castle, 80; 
Giffard family, 170; iv, 129; 
possessions of the Staffordshire, 
129; of Shropshire, 130. 

Gilbert, William, abbot, i, 50. 

Gilbert, Mr., temp., i, 152; John, 
of Queen's Camel, iv, 106, 107, 
132. 

Gilbert, comes Gloucester et Here- 
ford, iv, 131, 154. 



Giles, of Gilestown, Glamorgans. , 
iii, 31. 

Giraldus Cambrensis, verses by, 
on the Bishop of Ely, v, 174, 
175. See Books. 

Girdelington, ii, 17. 

Giseland, Archebald, i, 42. 

Glastonbury, Abbots of, their 
tombs and their deeds, i, 287- 
290. 

Glendower. See Glyndwr. 

Gloucester, Earls of, Ailward and 
Brictric, iv, 138, 151, 152; v, 
91 ; Robert Consul and family, 
iv, 138, 139; v, 88, 91, 92; 
descent from Richard, the first 
Earl, iv, 140, 141; the Red Earl 
(Gilbert the Second), 137, 140, 
155 ; William, founder of Keyn- 
sham, v, 92 ; Clare family, their 
possessions, iv, 134, 135, 137; 
Thomas Dispenser and wife, 
157. See Spenser. 

Gloucester and Hereford, Clares, 
Gilbert, Richard, and other 
successive Earls of, iv, 140, 154, 

155- 
Gloucester, Dukes of, descent 

from Edward III, iv, 141 ; 

Humphrey, how styled, 24, 

George, 138. 
Glyndwr, Glendower, Owen, ii, 

83; iii, 52, 70, 71, 108; his 

pedigree, 78. 
Glynnof St. Ives, Cornw., i, 193; 

of Morval, 186. 
Goch, Owen, iii, 84. 
Godolcan, now Godolphin, Sir 

William, i, 185, 186, 188, 191, 

192; John, 191; Thomas, 193. 
Golaffre family, of Cerceden (Sars- 

den), Oxon, Fyfield, Berks, and 

other places, ii, 2-4 ; v, 74. 
Goldstone, three priors of the 

name at Canterbury, iv, 41. 
Good, Walter, supposed Bishop 

of Exeter, i, 197. 
Goodrich of Pirton, Glouc., iv, 8l. 
Gorge, Sir William, of Wraxall, 

v, 104. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 259 



Goring, Mr., temp., iv, 78, 93. 
Gospatrick, or Cospatrick, lord of 

Westmoreland, ii, 7. 
Gostwick, Mr., temp., i, 101, 102; 

v,8. 

Gower, Mr. , temp. , i, 65 ; Chief 
Judge of Common Pleas, and 
family, iv, 75 > Ir 7> allusion to 
the poet, 75, 117. 
Gower, John, swordbearer to 
Prince Edward in Tewkesbury 
fight, iv, 162. 

Grandison, Graunson, John de, 
Bishop of Exeter, i, 227, 228, 
2 35> 2 36> v, 177; genealogy 
of, i, 237, 238; his book of 
legends of Saints, 230, 232; 
Peter, knt., tomb, v, 176, 182; 
other members of the family, 
176, 177, 178. 

Grantham of Haydor, i, 26. 
Graville, or Greville, family of 

Drayton, ii, 12, 13. 
Gray of Northumberland, temp. 
Edw. IV, v, 58; Sir Edward, 
castles belonging to, 64. 
Gray of Codnor, Derby s., v, 219. 
Gray, Sir John, and Leonard, v, 

222. 
Gray, of Ruthin, Lord, Earl of 

Kent, i, 103; iv, 121; v, 72. 
Gray, Thomas, Marquis of Dor- 
set, i, 17; v, 222. See Dorset, 
Marquis. 
Green family, Northants, temp. 

Richard II, i, 6; iv, 124. 
Gresham of London, iv, 74. 
Gresley, Sir George, temp., ii, 

169. 

Greville of Milcote, temp., ii, 50. 

Greville, Thomas and family, iv, 

79, 80; Fulke, Lord Brooke, 

poet, temp., 80; Sir William, 

lawyer, 81. 

Grifith, knt., of Braybrooke, 

Northants, iv, 132; v, 104. 
Griffin, Griffith, Mr., temp., i, 
12; Carnarvon!., iii, 79; Sir 
William, 84; Ithel (Ellis), 
Flints., 73; Rouland, Angle- 



sey, iii, 78 ., 90, I34(?); Mr., 

of Terre Mone (Anglesey), 

temp., iv, 124. See Griphin. 
Grigge, John, Mayor of Hull, i, 

5.0. 
Grim, Edmund, writer of Becket's 

life, iv, 118, 143. 
Grimbald,monk of Bertin, teacher 

at Oxford, ii, 153. 
Griphin, or Griffith, Mr., of 

Wichnor, Staff., temp., ii, 101, 

103, 172. 
Griphine, Gruffydd, or Griffith, 

Prince of Wales, ii, 66. 
Grostete, Robert, Bishop of Lin- 
coln, v, 1 20, 122. 
Grosvenor family, Cheshire, iii, 

66. 
Guair, time of King Arthur, gave 

name to Warwick, ii, 166. 
Gualo, Cardinal, held synod at 

Bristol, v, 92. 

Guise, Mr., temp., Glouc., i, 294. 
Gundeville, Edmund, i, 327. 
Gunthorp, Lord Privy Seal, tomb, 

i, 294. 
Gurmaston, Viscount, Ireland, ii, 

20. 
Gurney family, Stoke-sub-Ham- 

don, iv, 73 ; tomb, v, 84, 85. 
Gurney. See Mathew. 
Gwent, Dr., Chaplain to Henry 

VIII, Dean of Arches, parson 

of Bredon, iv, 136. 



Hackluit, Mr., temp., ii, 74 ; 

William and family, ii, 75. 
Haddon family, iv, 107. 
Haget, Geffrey, i, 44. 
Hales with the club foot, at St. 

John's, Coventry, temp., ii, 107. 
Hales, John, Bishop of Chester, 

v, 12. 
Hall, Mr., of Huntingdon, temp., 

ii, 29. 
Hall, Haule, alias de la Sale, i, 

1355 v, 98. 
Hall, dwells near Grantham, v, 

38. 



260 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Haly, Mr., tomb, ii, 42 (probably 
John Haly, Prebendary of Wells 
in 1531. See Let. and Pap., 
Hen. VIII, vol. v, Nos. 529- 

3)- 
Hamelin de Barham, a Norman 

founder, iii, 50. 
Handley, Humphrey, beheaded, 

iv, 162. 

Hanmer family, Flintshire, iii, 68. 
Hansard of Lincolnshire, ii, 12; 

Mr., of Hills manor, temp., v, 

36. 

Harbottle, lands of, in North- 
umberland, v, 58. 

Harcourt, Harecourt family, ii, 
169; of Oxfordshire, iv, 129. 

Harding, John, historian, ii, 167. 

Harding, Lord Berkeley, iv, 103 ; 
Robert and family, genealogy, 
103, 104, 130. 

Harman, alias Veysey, Bishop of 
Exeter, ii, 98, 99; restores 
Sutton-Coldfield, 98. 

Harnhull, Stephen de, lent., ii, 
58. 

Harold, King, his son Harold and 
family at Ewias, v, 176, I77> 
178. 

Harold, time of King Edward the 
Confessor, ii, 65. 

Harold Harefoot crowned, ii, 153. 

Harpsden, Oxon, iv, 101. 

Harrington of Rutland, ii, 5 ; Mr., 
temp,, iv, 90; family, 122. 

Harrington, Lords, of Lancashire 
and Dorset, v, 221, 222. 

Haseley, Dean of Warwick, 
schoolmaster to Henry VII, 
tomb, ii, 42; v, 151. 

Haslerig, of Northumberland and 
Noseley, i, 14, 21 ; v, 57, 58. 

Hastings, Lord, i, 20, 98, 176, 
206; beheaded in the Tower, 
his daughter, v, 3; other kin- 
dred, 4; William, Earl of Pem- 
broke, tomb, ii, 67 ; John, Earl 
of Pembroke, iv, 84; Earl of 
Huntingdon, temp., 4, 71, 103, 
132; Hugh, 157. 



Hastings, Richard, Chamberlain 
to Edward III, tomb, iv, 23. 

Hastings from Suffolk, his house 
in Spilsby, v, 34; of Wilksby, 
Line., 37. 

Hatfield, Thomas, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, v, 127, 131. 

Haughton, Salop, iii, 67. 

Haver, Hugh, pirate, v, 170. 

Hawley, John, merchant of Dart- 
mouth, i, 220, 221. 

Heneage of Hainton, Line., v, 37; 
Sir Thomas, temp., 37. 

Henry le Moyne, iv, 103. 

Henry IV, King, tomb, iv, 38. 

Henry V, date of birth, iv, 94. 

Herbert, Sir Walter, iv, 91. See 
Pembroke. 

Herbert and Finch families, iv, 
114; Herbert Fitz Peter, 125. 

Herbert family, Brecknock*. , iii, 
107; Glamorgans., 23, 25, 26, 
42. 

Hereford, Bishops Lorengo and 
Kynelm (Losinga and Rein- 
helm, Stubbs), ii, 66. 

Hereford, Milo, Earl of, ii, 63; 
Roger, Earl of, iv, 102. See 
Bohun and Lacy. 

Hereward, Roger, iv, 103. 

Herman, John, of Rendlesham, 

iv, 75- 
Heron, Sir John, i, 115; his son 

Giles, 116; of Ford, iv, 117. 
Herring, John, iv, 108. 
Heydon, family of, Norfolk and 

Surrey, ii, II, 12. 
Heywood, Dean of Lichfield, ii, 

100. 

Higden, Dean of York, i, 43. 
Hiatt, James, iv, 132. 
Hill, Sir Rowland, merchant of 

London, bridge built by, ii, 

83. 

Hill of Modbury, i, 217. 
Hinmar, Mr. , Chancellor of Dur- 
ham, v, 128. 

Hoel, Robert, knt., tomb, ii, 150. 
Holbeche, David, a lawyer of 

Oswestry, iii, 75. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 261 



Holcroft, Sir John, iv, 7. 
Holcum, knt., i, 117. 
Holland of Howell, i, 26. 
Holland, Sir Robert, lies at 

Preston, ii, 20; Robert and wife 

lie at Brackley, 37. 
Holland, Edmund, Earl of Kent, 

Admiral of England, iv, 93; 

John, Duke of Exeter, 93; 

Duke of Exeter, Admiral, v, 2 ; 

lord of Maxey, Line., 32 n. 
Holman of Barnstaple, i, 169. 
Hompton, Sir Richard, tomb, v, 

178. 
Hopton, Sir Arthur, temp., ii, 19, 

20. 
Hopton, Mr., of Blythberg, temp., 

ii, 25. 
Horman the king's barber, temp. , 

v, 74- 

Home family, rose from a mer- 
chant of Kent, ii, 4; of Oxon, 

iv, 78 ; v, 74. 
Homer, lord of Mells, Somers. , v, 

105. 
Horsey, Mr., of Clifton, Dorset, 

temp., i, 155, 296; Sir John, 

Dorset, temp., iv, 8l, 108, 109; 

v, 109; modern and ancient 

houses of, 1 08, 109. 
Horton, Abbot of Gloucester, ii, 

60, 61. 
Horton, a clothier of Bradford, 

Wilts, i, 135, 136. 
Horton, Staff., ii, 172. 
Hosier, merchant of Ludlow, ii, 

77- 

Hoveden, John of, i, 52. 

Howard, Edmund, knt, iv, 162; 
John, knt., 149. 

Howards of Norfolk, ii, 13; Lord 
Thomas, Duke, and daughter 
Anne, iv, m, 149; Elizabeth, 
149. 

Howden, Hovedenshire, gentle- 
men of, i, 52. 

Howe, Lord, ii, 9, 10. 

Howel, ap, Flints., iii, 92. 

Hubert de Burgh, Constable of 
Dover Castle, iv, 54, 64; his 



saying, " the key of England," 

applied to Kent, 55. 
Huddleston, Sir John, temp., ii, 

56; of Millam, Cumb., v, 55. 
Hugh, St., Bishop of Lincoln, v, 

120, 121, 122. 
Hungate, Hundesgate, Mr., of 

Saxton, temp., i, 43; William, 

grandfather of the Court, and 

Thomas, iv, 77. 
Hungerford, Lady, i, 16; Sir 

Antony, 128; Lord, 134, 151, 

263, 302 ; family and pedigree, 

I 37 J 38, 176, 285, 286; Walter, 

265, 286; of Dorset, iv, 108, 

132. 
Hungfords of Emscote, tombs, 

Warw., ii, 42; v, 151. 
Hunks, Glouc., iv, 81. 
Huntingdon, Earl of, i, 20, 108, 

151. 302. 
Huntingdon and Northampton, 

Earls of, ii, 134- 142. See Waldev. 
Huntingdon, William, prior of 

Worksop, iv, 17. 
Huntingfield, tomb in Blackfriars, 

Boston, iv, 114. 
Huthome of Scorbrough, i, 46. 
Huttoft, custumer of Hampton, i, 

278. 
Hussey, Lord, i, 23, 27; iv, 90; 

his houses at Sleaford and Bos- 
ton, v, 32, 34. 

Inglefield, Lady, ii, 3. 

Inkpenne, i, 270. 

Inon, or Baynon family, iv, 86, 87. 

See Bainham. 

Inon or Einon family, iii, 38. 
Ireland, Thomas, of Runcorn, 

Lane., v, 42. 
Irencester, Sir Richard, tomb, iv, 

23- 

Isabel of Dover, Countess of As- 
sele, tomb, v, 210. 

Islip, Simon, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, ii, 161 ; tomb, iv, 40. 

Italians, Nicoline and Guidote, 
temp. , i, 278. See Cavalcant. 

Iweley, Peter of, iv, 103. 



262 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Ja, Irish lady, i, 192. 

Jenning, Sir Stephen, Mayor of 
London, founder of a free 
school, v, 19. 

Joel de Totnes, lord of Barn- 
staple, i, 169, 298. 

John, King, and his wives, iv, 
139, 140, 154; his relation to 
the Channel Islands, 187; his 
younger son, Richard, Duke of 
Cornwall, 104; his gifts for 
London Bridge, v, 6. 

John of Gaunt, i, 308, 309. 

John of Jerusalem, Prior of, taken 
at battle of Tewkesbury, iv, 162, 
163. 

John of London, i, 184. 

John of Pontoise, i, 271. 

John the Scot, teacher at Oxford, 

> 153- 
John of Tours, Bishop of Bath 

and Wells, i, 143, 144, 146. 
Johnson, Sir Thomas, of Lindley, 

Yorks, v, 50. 

Jolif of Stratford-on-Avon, ii, 49. 
Joscelin, tomb with brass, i, 

293- 

Joscelin of Bertin, ii, 142. 
Juverney of Limington, i, 157, 

297. 
Justine, lord of Glamorgan!. , iii, 

38. 



Kemmeis family, Monmouths., iii, 

14. 15- 

Kemp, Dr., Bishop and Arch- 
bishop, iv, 38, 45 ; tomb, 39. 

Kendal of Morel, Cornw., i, 208. 

Kendal of Worngy, i, 186. 

Kenelm and Kenulph, kings of 
the Marches, ii, 54; iv, 135. 

Kent, Hubert de Burgo, and Ed- 
mund, Earls of, ii, 71. 

Kent, clothier of Bath, i, 143. 

Kesteven, gentlemen of, i, 26. 

Keterick, Mr., Yorks, temp., iv, 

31- 

Kidlington, Thomas, i, 125. 
Killigrew, i, 194, 196, 197. 



Kilrington, William, alias Col- 
broke, iv, 150. 
Kineburga, Queen of Mercia, ii, 

59- 

King, Oliver, Bishop of Bath, i, 
144; Bishop of Exeter, 236. 

Kir by, Kyrkeby, Mr., of Raw- 
cliff, iv, 9. 

Kiriell, Kyryel, Sir Thomas and 
wife, iv, 34. 

Kirkeby, John, Bishop of Ely, 
Treasurer of England, iv, 113. 

Kirkham, knt., i, 6. 

Kite, John, Bishop of Carlisle, v, 
56. 

Kitson, Mr., iv, ii, 73; bought 
Torre Brian, Somers., v, 50. 

Kiwarton of Newlyn, i, 191. 

Knevet, serving porter to the 
king, temp., iv, 96; family, 
119. 

Knight, Richard, of Hythe, iv, 
65. 

Knight, William, Bishop of Bath, 
temp., i, 145, 291. 

Knightley, temp., ii, 109; Knight- 
ley, Mr., of Fawsley, temp., i, 
10; Edmund and his wife, iv, 
149. 

Knoille, Gilbert, iv, 106, 107. 

Knolles, Sir Robert, warrior, a 
founder at Pontefract and 
Rochester, i, 39 ; iv, 44 ; v, 28, 
72. 

Kyryel. See Kiriell. 



Lacy family of Grantchester, 

Cambridge, ii, I. 
Lacys of Kingston Lacy, i, 256; 

of Ewias Lacy and Denbigh, 

iii, 96. 
Lacy, Roger, Earl of Hereford, 

ii, 60, 6 1 ; Walter, 61. 
Lacy, Henry, Earl of Lincoln, i, 

32; iii, 98; Edmund, 39, 236, 

237; Hilbert, 39, 40. 
Lacy, Bishop of Exeter, v, 3. 
Laken, Salop, iii, 67. 
Lamelin, i, 207. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 263 



Lancaster, Earls of, Thomas, ii, 

20; Edmund, son of Henry III, 

and his sons, i, 308, 309; ii, 20; 

the "good Duke," iv, 13, 126; 

John of Gaunt, ii, 145. See 

Gaunt. 
Lancaster, Duke of, owner of 

Kidwelly, iii, 59 ; other posses- 
sions, v, 20. 

Lancoik, William de, i, 235. 
Lane family, Staff., ii, 170. 
Lanfranc, iv, 69. 
Langdale, Mr., temp., i, 45. 
Langdon of Cornwall, i, 186. 
Langfield of Bucks, i, 9. 
Langford, Mr., of Edgecroft, iv, 6. 
Langland, Bishop of Lincoln, 

temp., ii, 31. 
Langley, Edmund of, Duke of 

York, third son of Edward III, 

iv, 91, 156, 157. 
Langley, Thomas of, ii, 3 ; Bishop 

of Durham, v, 127, 131. 
Langtoft, Peter de, iv, 93. 
Langton, Bishop of Salisbury, i, 

154; of Winchester, 285; 

Simon, Bishop, tomb, iv, 39 ; 

Walter, Bishop of Lichfield, 

treasurer to Edward I, v, 21. 
Langton, John, knt., Yorks, i, 

55; Mr., of Walton on Dar- 

went, iv, 8; of Langton, Line., 

v , 37; of Newton, Lane., 41, 

44. 
Langville family, Northants, ii, 

22, 23; Bucks, iii, 63. 
Lascelles, Mr., Yorks, temp., i, 

64, 66; iv, 31. 

Latimer, Bishop, temp., ii, 96. 
Latimer, Lord, i, 100; iv, 26, 33; 

killed in battle, v, 151. 
Lawrence, Thomas, Kent, iv, 49. 
Lee, Salop, iii, 66. 
Lee, Sir Percy, of Bradley, Lane . , 

v, 42. 
Lee, Leigh, of High Leigh, Ckes., 

v, 26; of Booth, 26; of Adel- 

ington, 26. 
Leftewich, Lestwike, Richard, 

v, 27, 28, 29 (printed Leste- 



wich, Letewich in error, 28, 
29). 

Legh, Anthony, Mr., temp., ii, 
no. 

Leghe of Ingoldsby, i, 26. 

Leicestershire, gentlemen of, i, 21. 

Leicester, Mr., of Tabley, temp., 
iv, 5; v, 26. 

Leicester, Earls of, i, 14, 15, 21. 

Leighton family, Salop, iii, 66. 

Leland, John, his remarks on ex- 
tracts relating to Worcester, ii, 
164, 165 (see also Rowse); his 
letter to Mr. Bane at Louvain, 
145; letter authorizing him to 
use the library at Bury St. 
Edmunds, 148. 

Leland, John, senior, grammarian, 



Leland, Sir William, of Morley, 

Lane., iv, 6, 7; Mr., Lane., 

temp., v, 42. 
Lenthall, knt., temp, Henry IV, 

ii, 72. 

Leofgar, Bishop, ii, 66. 
Lereve, or Lekne, Wolphine, his 

penance, ii, 59- 
L'Estrange, Le Strange, Lord, 

Oxon, ii, 34, 35. 
Leukenor, John, iv, 162. 
Leuston of Leuston, iv, 142. 
Levelis, Thomas, Cornw., i, 191. 
Lewin, bishop in three sees in 

eleventh century, i, 237. 
Lewins of Canterbury, temp., iv, 

127. 
Lewis family, Glamorgan!. , iii, 

IS, 17, 18. 
Leyburn, William of, Captain of 

Navy under Edward I, v, 210. 
Leyburne, knt., of Ashton, Lane., 

temp., iv, ii. 
Lichfield, Deans of: Denton, ii 

100; Thomas Hey wood, 102 

Bishops : Alexander, 100 

Walter de Langton, 101, 102 

Blithe, 102. 
Lightfoot, Peter, clock made by, 

i, 287. 
Linacre, iv, 42. 



264 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Linch, physician to Henry VII, 
iv, 88. 

Lincoln, Bishops of, ii, 29 ; Alex- 
ander, 39, no. 

Lincoln, Walter Dorotheas, Dean 
of, i, 31. 

Lingham, Hereford*., iii, 103. 

Linsley, Staff., ii, 171. 

Lirmouth, William, knt., iv, 163. 

Lisle, Lord, v, 3; his dispute 
with Lord Berkeley, iv, 105 ; 
death, 132 ; slain by Lord 
Berkeley, v, 96. 

Lisle, Joan, Viscountess de, tomb, 
i, 292; Viscount, temp., ii, 17; 
family, 103; Earl of Shrews- 
bury, 22. 

Littlebury, Humfrey, merchant of 
Boston, iv, 181; of Stainsby, 
Line., v, 37. 

Littleton, Thomas, knt. and just- 
ice, author of " Tenures," tomb 
at Worcester, v, 229. 

Littleton of Pillenhall, Staff., ii, 
169; v, 22. 

Livingus, Bishop of Worcester, 
ii, 163. 

Lloid, Grifith, Carnarvon!., iii, 

79- 
Lluelyn, Lewis ap, Glamorgans., 

iii, 21. 
Llewelyn, Llywelyn, Prince, iii, 

84, 89; his daughter Gladys 

Duy, ii, 8. 

Llwyd family, Denbighs., iii, 71. 
London, Dr. John, temp., i, 119; 

notes upon William of Wyke- 

ham, ii, 144, 145. 
London, Mayor of, in 1457, ii, 9. 
Long, Sir Henry, and family, i, 

133. 134, 135- 

Long, Robert and Walter Lucas, 
clothiers of Steeple Ashton, 
v, 83. 

Longchamp, Isabel and husband 
Geoffry, iv, 103; William, epi- 
grams on, v, 174. 

Longespees, Earls of Salisbury, i, 
261; Nicholas, Bishop of Salis- 
bury, 264, 266. 



Loring, Nigel, Beds., iv, 127. 

Louches, Mons. de, i, 116. 

Loudres, Sir John, Lord of Og- 
more, iii, 51. 

Lounder, Sir Maurice, Glamor- 
gans., iii, 27, 28, 38. 

Lovebone, Vicar of Wadebridge, 

i, 17.8, 33- 
Lovekin, Mayor of London, iv, 

86. 

Lovel, iv, 74; Henry, 102. 
Lovell, Lords, ii, 35, 37; v, 14, 

72, 74, 145, 223. 
Lovetoft, Lovetote, Luvetot, of 

Huntingdon, ii, 29; William, 

Prior of Worksop, iv, 17 ; fam- 
ily, i, 89; iv, 16, 17. 
Lower, William, i, 206. 
Lucas, a clothier of Bradford, 

Wilts., i, 135. 
Lucy of Charlcote, ii, 46, 47, 48 ; 

of Cockermouth, of Kent, of 

Warwickshire, iv, 74. 
Luddington, Line., v, 38. 
Ludlow, Lord of Stoke Castle, ii, 

77. 79 5 Sir Richard, v, 15. 
Lumley, Lord, and the Thorntons, 

Northumb., iv, 118; v, 59; 

tombs in Durham, 128. 
Luson, Thomas and James, of 

Wolverhampton, ii, 170. 
Luttrell of Quantock Head, i, 

164; family at Dunster, 1 66, 

167, 287. 
Luvetot {Lunetot in text, error). 

See Lovetoft. 
Lygon family, iv, 8l. 
Lyngain, Sir John, iv, 167. 
Lysan of Neath, iii, 30. 
Lytster, Lightster, Mr., Chief 

Baron of the Exchequer, temp. , 

i, 278; iv, 78. 

MacWilliam of Bristol, and of 

Essex, v, 218, 219. 
Madok uab Poel, John uab, Car- 

narvons., iii, 85. 
Maelgwn Gwynefc, iii, 89. 
Magason, Hugh, last Prior of 

Deerhurst Abbey, iii, 134. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 265 



Maildulph of Malmesbury, i, 131. 

Mainwaring, Manoring, Sir Rich- 
ard, iii, 66; v, 17; Sir Ran- 
dol, 28. 

Makerel, Dr., pardoned by Ed- 
ward IV, iv, 163. 

Maleinfante, Malifaunt, Glamor- 
gans., iii, 23, 26, 27, 38. 

Malery, (?) Thomas Malory of the 
Northants family, ii, 30. 

Malletts of Yorkshire, iv, 91. 

Malory, of Northallerton, i, 68 ; 
tombs of family at Richmond, 
Yorks, v, 142, 143 ; property of, 
temp., 144. 

Maltravers, Alice, iv, 73. 

Malvern, alias Parker, Abbot of 
Gloucester, ii, 60. 

Manasser of Hastings, iv, 103. 

Mandevilles, ii, 20 ; Geoffry, 
Earl of Essex, i, 2 ; iv, r 54. 

Mansion, Manneston, Richard de, 
iv, 107, 108. 

Marach a Mirchion, Lord, Den- 
highs., iii, 99. 

Marburys, ii, 69. 

March, Earl of, iii, 107 ; Edward 
IV, v, 4, 12. 

Margaret Beaufort, mother to 
Henry VII, iv, 87, 91, 163. 

Marianus Scotus, iv, 1 16. 

Markingfields, tombs, v, 142 ; 
manor place, temp., 145. 

Marmions, of Tanfield, i, 83; 
lords of Tamworth Castle, ii, 
104, 105; Lord, iv, 27, 29. 

Marney, Henry, Lord, iv, III. 

Marshal, Earls Thomas and Rich- 
ard, i, 311. 

Marshal, William the, iv, 125, 
155; Richard le, 125. 

Marshal, Henry, Bishop of Exe- 
ter, i, 227. 

Marston, Marschinton and family, 
iv, 129. 

Martin family, Dorset, iv, 143; 
John or William, 44. 

Martin, Richard, Bishop of St. 
David's, temp. , ii, 70. 

Martinus de Turribus, ii, 27. 



Mary, Lady, daughter of Henry 
VIII, at Tewkesbury, iv, 134; 
at Ludlow, 80. 

Mathew family, Glamorgans., iii, 
19, 21, 26. 

Mathew (Mahew) de Gurney of 
Guyenne, tomb of, i, 159, 297. 

Maulley, Peter, i, 58. 

Maungeant, John, Canon of Here- 
ford, ii, 60. 

Mawbank, John, iv, 106, 107. 

Mawdelyne, clothier of Wells, i, 

145- 

Matilda, wife to William Con- 
queror, iv, 138. 

Massey of Puddington, Ches., v, 

30- 

Massingberd, Waynflete, v, 38. 
Maxwell, Lord, v, 51. 
Meaw,Ailward, Earl of Gloucester, 

iv, 138, 151. 
Melcombe, iv, 108. 
Menell, of Derbyshire, ii, 14. See 

Meynell. 

Mepeham, Bishop, tomb, iv, 39. 
Mercia, Oddo and Doddo, Dukes 

of, iv, 138, 150, 151; rulers of, 

see Index of Places. 
Mere of Knutsford Mere, v, 26. 
Meredydd, alias Tudor, Owen, 

grandfather of Henry VII, ii, 

67; buried at Hereford, v, 

1 60. 
Merewald, King of the Marches 

(Hereford*. ), ii, 73, 74, 75 ; his 

body found at Wenlock, 74. 
Merton, William, knt., i, 170, 

299. 
Metcalfe, Sir James, iv, 27 ; Met- 

calfe family, 33, 86; Mr., hires 

Killerby Castle, Yorks, temp., 

v, 145- 
Meteham of Meteham, Yorks, i, 

52. 

Mewin, historian, ii, 167. 
Meynell or Menel, Lord, his lands 

and their partition, ii, 6, 7. See 

Menell. 
Middleton, Sir Gilbert of Midford 

Castle, Northumb., v, 63. 



266 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Middleton, William, mercer of 

London, iv, 44. 
Milaton family, i, 186, 188. 
Milham, Simon de, Abbot of Lang- 
ley, iv, 95. 
Mills, Mr. , of Southampton, temp. , 

ii, 21. 

Milton of Weston, Staff., ii, 172. 
Minos, Monmouths., iii, 47. 
Minshull, Cheshire, v, 30. 
Misselden, near Caistor, v, 38. 
Mitten, Mr. , of Shropshire, Mont- 
gomery s., iii, 55, 66. 
Mohun, Mr., Cornw., temp., i, 

191, 207, 208. 
Mohuns, Moions, of Somerset and 

Devonshire, i, 150, 240, 244; 

Earls of Somerset, 166, 240. 
Molines, parson of Trowbridge, 

temp., i, 136; Lord, v, 71. 
Molynes, Mr., Hants and Berks, 

i, 120. 
Molynes, Mr., Kent, temp., iv, 

88. 
Molyneux, knt., of Croxteth, v, 

42. 
Monk, Mr., Little Torrington, 

temp., i, 173, 300. 
Moningtons, Hugh and Walter, 

tombs, i, 287, 288. 
Montague, Montacute, Earl of 

Salisbury, iv, 142, 157; Thomas, 

i, 266. 

Montague, Mountacute, Lord, fe- 
male relations, v, 4. 
Monteagle, Lord, iv, 14. 
Monteville, Lord, his possessions, 

iv, 182. 
Montfort of Richmond, Yorks, 

ii, 16, 17. 
Montfort, Simon of, i, 15; iv, 

126; Hughde, 55. 
Montgomerik, true name of the 

Carews, i, 241. 
Montgomerys, owned Caverswall 

Castle, v, 19. 
Montpesson or Mompesson, iv, 

74- 

Moore, Mr., of St. Catherine's 
Hall, Cambridge, temp., v, 45. 



More, Dorset, iv, 108. 

Mordant, Lord, temp., i, 6; of 
Castle park, Beds., v, 8. 

Morgan family, Monmouths., iii, 
14; of South Wales, iv, 84; Sir 
Thomas of Pencoit, temp., 85, 

91- 
Morganne, Lleuys, the barth 

(barS), iii, 51. 
Morison, Richard, Master of St. 

Wolstane's hospital, Worcester, 

temp., ii, 91. 
Morley, Lord, ii, 37 ; Thomas, iv, 

157; of Morpeth, v, 60. 
Mortaine, Lord, in window at 

Canterbury, iv, 40. 
Morteville, Roger, and family, i, 

14. 

Mortimer, Earl, prisoner at Not- 
tingham, i, 96; owners near 

Coventry, v, ii; family, i, 313; 

ii, 8, 79 n., 86; Richard, Earl 

of March, 88. 
Mortimer of Cardiganshire, iv, 

1 68. 

Morton, Earl of, i, 158, 188. 
Morton, John, Archbishop, iv, 44, 

60, 62. 
Morville family, owners of Burgh, 

Cumb., v, 51. 
Morwent, Abbot of Gloucester, ii, 

61. 
Moubray, lord of Swansey, iii, 

127. 
Mounboucher of Northumberland , 

v, 57- 

Mounderling, Robert, knt., iv, 84. 
Mounson of Axholm, i, 38. 
Mount-chesi (Mounchensi), 

Thomas, and wife Joan, tomb, 

ii, 150. 
Mountetonof Howdenshire(Hove- 

dens.), i, 52. 
Mountford, knt., of Sutton, Staff., 

v, 22. 
Mountforts, ii, 45 ; Peter, Earl of 

Leicester, v, 128. 
Mountjoy, Charles, Lord, temp., 

ii, 24; family, iv, 80, 132. See 

Blunt. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 267 



Mountvilles, tombs in Grey Friars, 

Boston, iv, 114, 115. 
Mowbray, Lord, i, 36, 37, 67, 80, 

102; Earl of Northumberland, 

ii, 4; iv, 21, 23, 93. 
Multon, or Moulton, Sir John, i, 

43; tomb at Lincoln, v, 122; 

Thomas, knt., ii, 147. 
Muttons of Leicestershire, ii, 5; 

knight, Mayor of Leicester, i, 

*5- 

Myendu, Cornw., i, 189. 
Mylles, Recorder of Southampton, 
temp., i, 278. 



Necham, Alexander, Abbot of 
Chichester, tomb in Worcester 
Cathedral, i, 129; epitaph there, 
v, 230; verses by, iv, 109. 

Needham, Nedam, family, and 
Judge, temp., ii, 15; Sir Robert, 
temp. , Salop, iii, 66 ; v, 29 ; Sir 
John, knt., of Shenton, Salop, 
v, 29. 

Neville, Robert, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, i, 66; v, 127, 131 ; George, 
Bishop of Exeter, 236, 237. 

Neville of Brackley, his treatment 
of priests, v, 224. 

Neville of the Holte, i, 21; a 
Neville owned Worksop, i, 89. 

Neville, George, Lord Latimer, 
and Sir Henry, ii, 44. 

Neville, Lord of Middleham, i, 
78, 79, 314; of Thornton 
Bridge, i, 84. 

Neville, Rafe of Raby, Earl of 
Westmoreland, i, 65, 72, 314; 
Jane, his wife, 75, 310; pedigree 
of family, 76, 310, 313 ; in glass, 

75; 

Nevilles, Richard, Earls of Salis- 
bury, ii, 44; iv, 159; his daugh- 
ter, 149; Sir Thomas, iv, 88; 
Sir John and wife, 149. 

Neville, William, Earl of Kent (?), 
ii, 22. 

Neville, Richard, Earl of War- 
wick, Lord Dispencer and Aber- 



gavenny, i, 310; iv, 161 ; Neville 
family, 161, 162; members slain 
at battle of Barnet, 162. 

Newborow, Newburgh, of Dorset, 
i, 253; John, iv, 108; William, 
knt., killed at Tewkesbury, 
163. 

Newenham, Mr., knt, temp., 
Northants, i, 10. 

Newmarket, Bernard de, tomb at 
Gloucester, ii, 61 ; v, 159. 

Newnam, Mr., temp., Notts, iv, 
1 8. 

Newport, Mr., of Archall, Salop, 
iii, 66; iv, 130. 

Newport, Mr., of theWich, Wore., 
temp., ii, 93, 94. 

Newton, Arthur, v, 18; Sir John, 
alias Cradock, Chief Justice of 
England, of Barr's Court, Glouc., 
v, 84, 85, 104; of Wick, or 
Wyke, Glouc., iv, 132; v, 86. 

Nicholas de Fernham, ii, 160. 

Nicoll, Cornw., i, 191. 

Nigell, Robert, son of, iv, 103. 

Norfolk, Duke of, i, 25, 28, 65, 
IO2; ancestors of, 311 ; iv, 120; 
how styled, 24; Thomas and 
wife, 96 ; Richard, lord of Chep- 
stow, 1 60 ; possessions in Shrop- 
shire, v, 14. 

Norris, filches the land of Cotter- 
stock Church, temp., ii, 30. 

Norris, Sir William of Speke Hall, 
Lane., temp., v, 42. 

North, Mr., temp., ii, 19. 

North Alvertonshire, gentlemen 
of, i, 68. 

Northampton, Michael de, i, 235. 

Northumberland, Earls of, i, 44, 
46, 53, 66, 87, 271, 314; iii, 
57 ; their lordships, castles and 
manors, v, 49, 55, 64. 

Nottingham, Robert English, 
Thomas Thirland, mayors and 
merchants of, tombs, v, 147. 

Nottingham, Sir William, chief 
Baron of Exchequer, iv, 44. 

Nowell, Staffs., ii, 172. 

Nunny, almoner to Lacy, i, 32. 



268 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Offa, King, of Mercia, i, 143; 

? Tetbury Castle, his house, iv, 

135; ruins of his palace at 

Kenchester, 167; his palace at 

Sutton, Hereford, 167. 
Oldcastle, Henry, tomb, ii, 67. 
Oldford, Sir John, of Oldford, 

Ches., v, 29. 
Oldham, Bishop of Exeter, i, 219, 

227, 236. 

Olpenne, Simon de, iv, 103. 
Onslow, Onesloo, Salop, iii, 66. 
Orleans, Duke of, prisoner, i, 138. 
Ormond, Lord of, ii, 1 12; Earl of, 

iii, 47. 
Osberne, cellarer, of Gloucester 

Abbey, ii, 62. 
Osbert, lord of Tudenham and 

Wolston (early Pembroke line), 

iv, 83. 
Osric, King of Northumberland, 

founder of Gloucester Abbey, ii, 

59 ; tomb, 60. 
Oswald, King of Northumberland, 

tomb, ii, 62. 
Oteley, Salop, iii, 66. 
Overshal, Hodgkin, of York, i, 

47- 

Owen ap Meridith, and his son 
Caspar, iv, 124, 125. 

Owen, John, Carnarvon*., iii, 85. 

Oxenbridge of Sussex, ii, 16; iv, 
114. 

Oxeney, Mr., temp., iv, 63. 

Oxford, Earls of, property of, ii, 
25 ; their genealogy, iv, 145-150, 
Maude, Countess of, her descent 
from the Uffords, iv, 148. 

Oxton of Modbury, i, 216, 217. 

Page, Mr., knight, temp., i, 104. 
Painter, merchant of Plymouth, i, 

213. 
Palmers of Warwick*., family, 

iv, 79, 81. 
Parker, Chancellor to Bishop of 

Worcester, ii, 91. 
Parre, Sir William, temp., i, 9; 

his connection with Lord Ross 

and Kendal Castle, v, 223. 



Parre, Mr., of Kendal, temp., iv, 
12; v, 46; family from the 
North came to Northants, iv, 
124. 

Parre, Lord, of Tanfield Castle, 
Yorks, iv, 27. 

Parre and Edward, Earl of March, 
v, 4. 

Passelew, Richard, iv, 103. 

Pateshull, Mabil, Lady of Blet- 
tesho, Beds., iv, 22, 23. 

Paulet family, Somers., iv, 71, 72, 
80. 

Payne, Glamorgan*., iii, 33. 

Paynell, Painel family, Line., i, 
23-25, 26 ; Mr. , of Boston, 
temp., iv, 114, 115, 181; Mr., 
? of Northants, temp., v, 224. 

Peche, Mr., temp., iv, 120. 

Peckham, Archbp., iv, 37; tomb, 
iv, 40. 

Peito, William, of Chesterton, 
tomb, ii, 42. 

Pembroke, Earl of, Comes Stri- 
guliae, genealogy, iv, 83. See 
Strongbow. 

Pembroke, Earls of, William 
Hastings, tomb, ii, 67 ; John 
Hastings, iv, 84; Herbert, 91; 
William Marshall, 125, 155; 
William Valence, 1 26. See Her- 
bert. 

Pembroke, Earl of, iii, 62, 97. 

Penley, Sir Rich., Berks, ii, 24. 

Peny, John, Bishop of Bangor, i, 

17- 

Peppard, Piperde, family, i, 113, 
114. 

Percehaul, PPearsall, family, ii., 
170. 

Percy, Perce of Button, Ches., 
v, 27. 

Percy, Lord Egremont of Wres- 
sell, Yorks, iv, 33; William 
Percy and son Alan, Yorks, v, 
124, 125. 

Percy, family, i, 53, 59, 88; 
Lord, in window at Canter- 
bury, iv, 40; land and arms, 
77, 78 ; Henry, Dorset, 108. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 269 



Percy family of Northumberland, 

part of their pedigree, v, 136, 

137; Sir Thomas, v, 58. See 

Northumberland. 
Perot, Pembrokes., iii, 63. 
Perot, William, alias Wykeham, 

ii, 144, 145. 

Ferrers, Porrers, Alice, ii, 145. 
Petit of Cornwall, i, 187, 191. 
Peverel, Hugh and Thomas, 

knights, tomb of, i, 180, 184; 

Andrew, Dorset, iv, 108. 
Philip de Columbariis, i, 170, 

298. 

Philipps, Sir Davy, iv, 91. 
Philipps, Richard, merchant of 

Hereford, ii, 66. 
Philpott of Twyford, i, 275. 
Pigot family, Yorks, ii, I, 2. 
Pilkington of Lancashire, iv, 6; 

lands of, 97. 

Pillesdon, Carnarvon*. t iii, 85. 
Pilston family, Flints., iii, 68; 

Denbighs., 70. 

Place, Mr., Yorks, temp., iv, 31. 
Placetes, de, tomb, i, 125; ii, 20. 
Planca, Thomas de, Yorks, iv, 

103. 
Ploknet, Sir Alan of Kilpeck, 

tomb, v, 178. 
Plompton of Plompton (Plomton, 

Plumton), Yorks, i, 87; v, 144, 

145. 

Plumber, Roger, iv, 107. 
Poel, Mr., Camarvons., iii, 89. 
Poel ap Hoel, Flints., iii, 92. 
Pointer, Roger, of Leicester, i, 

IS- 

Pointz, or Pontz, family of Acton, 
Glouc., ii, 12, 13, 14; John, of 
Chipping Sodbury, temp., iv, 
III, 116; v, 95. 

Pole, Cardinal, his birthplace, v, 
20. 

Pole of Derbyshire, his lands, 
temp., ii, 5; v, 147. 

Pole, William, merchant of Bridge- 
water, i, 163, 298. 

Pole, William de la, Duke of 
Suffolk, and wife Alice Chaucer, 



ii> 5 *9; v, 74; family, i, 48, 
49, 112, 113; first wife Countess 
of Hainault, ii, 19; Lady Pole, 

3- 

Poleyn, or Pullen, Robert, re- 
vived sacred studies, ii, 153. 

Poliziano in Bologna, iv, 42. 

Pollard, Mr., temp., i, 306; Sir 
Lewis, judge, iv, 75; family, 

75- 

Polydore Vergil, i, 293. 

Pomeroy family, Devon and Corn- 
wall, iv, 116. 

Pool, Sir John at, iv, 45. 

Poole, Mr., Stafford, temp., iv, 
115. 

Poore, Poure, Roger le, Bishop 
of Salisbury, i, 154; Richard, 
262, 268. 

Popham of Hants and Wilts, iv, 
100; Sir John, his titles and 
tomb, 100, 101 ; Stephen, Dor- 
set, 108. 

Porter of Colly Weston, North- 
ants, iv, 91. 

Porter of Kesteven, i, 26. 

Porter, William, first Warden of 
New College, Oxford, tomb at 
Hereford, v, 183. 

Portington of Portington, Hove- 
denshire, i, 52. 

Portu, Hugh de, ii, 60. 

Pouger, Elis, i, 9. 

Poulet, Sir Hugh, temp., \, 160; 
young Poulet, 193. 

Poulett, Pawlet, William, Lord 
St. John, ii, 25 ; v, 98. 

Poulteney, Sir John, Mayor of 
London, ii, 108. 

Powys, Powis, Lord, ii, 26; v, 
14, 18; Lord Marcher, iii, 53, 
55, 125 ; iv, 76. 

Poynings, Edward, iv, 34, 44, 
in. 

Prestland of Wardle, v, 28. 

Preston family of Preston, Lane., 
ii, 20. 

Prestwich, Mr., Lane., temp., iv, 

5- 
Prideaux, i, 217. 



270 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Pudsey, Mr., Yorks, temp., iv, 

28. 
Puiset or Puisac, Puteacus (now 

Pudsey), Hugh de, Bishop of 

Durham, v, 128, 129, 130. 
Purefoy family of Drayton, Leic., 

i, 21 ; ii, 25, 26, 103; iv, 

1 20 n. 
Pye, Mr., temp., i, 133. 

Quarre, Bernard, Provost of St. 

Peter's, Hereford, tomb, ii, 68. 
Quartermain family, i, 114, 115; 

v, 124. 
Quathering, Waynflete, Line., v, 

37- 
Quivile, Peter de, i, 226. 

Radcliff, Mr., temp., i, 21 ; iv, 
121 ; Lord Fitzwalter, i, 88. 

Radcliff, Sir Alexander, near the 
Irwell, temp., iv, 5. 

Ragland family, Glamorgan*., iii, 

25, 33- 
Rainesford, Reynesford, of Tew, 

Oxon, iv, 76 ; v, 75 ; of Essex, 

76. 

Rale, William de, Bishop of Nor- 
wich, iv, 95. 
Ralph, Canon of St. Frideswide's, 

i, 123. 
Ramesun, Peter, Abbot of Sher- 

borne, i, 153, 295. 
Ramsey, Hunts, Abbot of, ii, 143, 

144. 

Ranulphus de Kyme, i, 31. 
Rawcliff of Wimmerlaw, iv, 10. 
Redburn, or Rudborne, Thomas, 

monk of Winchester, cited by 

Rouse, ii, 152, 153 n. 
Reddeues, Earl of Devonshire, iv, 

119. 
Rede of Dodington, Glouc., iv, 

133- 

Redmayne, Richard, i, 236. 
Redmill, Sir William, iv, 92. 
Redvers, Baldwin, Earl of Wight 

and Devonshire, iv, 142. 
Reginald, Bishop of Bath, i, 142, 

143- 



Reginald Cancellarius, Prior of 
Montacute, i, 158. 

Regulus, Milfrid, and wife Quen- 
burga, of Hereford, ii, 66. 

Rehan, Sir Thomas, tomb, ii, 67. 

Repingdon, Philipp, Abbot of 
Leicester, iv, 109. 

Rese, John, Dean of St. Burian's, 
i, 228. 

Reskimer family, i, 187, 194, 195, 
196. 

Rhese (Rise) ap Thomas, Car- 
marthens., iii, 52, 57, 60, 113; 
Pembroke*., 62, 115, Il6. 

Rich, le, Guarner and Ranulph, 
ii, 138. 

Rich, Sir William, iv, 45. 

Richard, son of Ralph, Bishop of 
Armagh, Oxford scholar, ii, 
161. 

Richard, David, Glamorgan*., iii, 
18. 

Richmont, Mr. , merchant of Lon- 
don, iv, 34. 

Richmond, Henry, Duke of, i, 299 ; 
Edmund Tudor, Earl of, 307, 
308 ; iv, 87, 91 n. ; Countess of, 
mother of Henry VII, owned 
Maxey Castle, v, 32 ; Earl John 
of Britanny, his privileges in 
Richmondshire, 140; genealogy 
of the Earls, 141, 142. 

Rider, Thomas, and son Richard, 

.i, 15- 

Rigley family, Staff., ii, 171. 
Ringsley, Sir Edward, iv, 48. 
Rippelingham, priest at Hull, i, 

49- 

Rise Vehan, Mathew ap, iii, 18. 
Rivers family and their lands, ii, 

4,5- 
Rivers of Rivers Park, Sussex, iv, 

78. 

Rivers, Earl, Lord Scales, iv, 24. 
Rivington, Mr. (Riventon), temp., 

iv, 7. 
Robert C our those, Curtus, tomb 

in Gloucester, ii, 60, 6l ; v, 

157; Duke of Normandy, iv, 

146. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 271 



Rocheford, Rochefort, Lord, i, 

20; Robert de, iv, 103. 
Rodeley, Walter, esquire, husband 

to Duchess of Somerset, tomb, 

ii, 147. 
Rodney, lord of Chipping Norton, 

v, 74- 

Rogers of Dorset, i, 250; of 
Berkshire and Dorset, ii, 16; of 
the Court, temp., i, 163 ; Bishop, 
267. 

Rokesby, tomb, i, 78; Mr., temp., 
iv, 28, 30. 

Rolles, George, of Torrington, i, 
173, 300. 

Romara, William de, Earl of Lin- 
coln, v, 2. 

Ros, Lords of, i, 97, 98; iv, 88, 
89; pedigree, i, 90-93; tombs 
and genealogy, v, 148, 149; 
temp., iv, 116; of Wark, 118; 
Henry, knt., 163; Ros, founder 
of Bolton house of Canons, 
Northumberland, v, 65 ; Ros, 
Parr and Kendal Castle, v, 
223. 

Ros of Ingmanthorpe, Yorks, ii, 9. 

Rosamund's tomb at Godstow, i, 
328. 

Rotherham, Bishop of Lincoln, 
ii, 29. 

Rouse, knt. of Baynton, Wilts, 
ii, 24; family of Dinnington, 
iv, 76. 

Rowse, Rouse, Rous, or Rosse, 
John, Chaplain of Guy's Cliff 
chantry, ii, 15 in.; tomb, 42; 
v, 150, 151; Mabilia, tomb, ii, 
67. Books by, noted by Leland, 
157; Leland's remarks on cer- 
tain notes, 152, 158, 1 60 (bis), 
161, 163, 165, 167. See Oxford. 

Rowse, William, knt., killed at 
Battle of Tewkesbury, iv, 163. 

Ruan, i, 216, 217. 

Rudham family of Northumber- 
land, v, 57. 

Rugby, Sir Henry, iv, 118. 

Rumbald, Dean of Cirencester, i, 
128. 



Rupibus, Peter de, Bishop of 

Winchester, i, 283. 
Russell, Lord, i, 105, 228, 298. 
Ruthal, Bishop of Durham, i, 

129; Dr. Thomas, of Norham 

Castle, v, 55. 
Rutland, Thomas, Earl of, i, 98; 

ii, 7, 8; his patronage, i, 93; 

Earl of, temp., iv, 8S, 89, 124; 

v, 148. 

Rutter of Rutland, iv, 124. 
Ryves, family of Blandford,Z)^rj^, 

iv, 143- 

Sackvilles of Buckhurst, Bedford, 
and Bletchingley, iv, 82. 

Saint Aelphegus, Bishop of Win- 
chester, ii, 163. 

St. Aidan, abbot, v, 199. 

St. Alban, v, 199. 

St. Albans family, i, 186; Abbot 
of, iv, 121. 

St. Aldhelm, v, 200. 

St. Alfred, abbot of Rievaulx, v, 
200. 

St. Amande, iv, 98, 99 ; tomb, i, 
129. 

St. Amphibalus of Verulam, v, 
200. 

St. Anselm, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, v, 200. 

St. Arilda, virgin martyr, ii, 60; 
v, 156. 

St. Audoen, Archbishop of Rouen, 
v, 200. 

St. Barbe, temp., i, 297. 

St. Bartholomew the monk, v, 
201. 

St. Benignus, v, 201. 

St. Bernacus, Bishop, v, 201. 

St. Birinus, Bishop of Lincoln, v, 
201, 202. 

St. Boniface, i, 232; v, 202. 

St. Botulph, v, 202. 

St. Bray, Breaca, extracts from 
life, i, 187. 

St. Bregwin, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, v, 203. 

St. Brendan's parents, tomb at 
Hereford, v, 160. 



272 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



St. Brithunus, of Beverley, v, 
204. 

St. Buriana, i, 189. 

St. Caradoc, ii, 166; v, 204. 

St. Carantoc, v, 204. 

St. Cedd, Bishop of the East 
Saxons, v, 204. 

St. Cedda, Bishop of Lichfield, v, 
205. 

St. Chad, Bishop of Lichfield, ii, 
51, 101, 158, 159. 

St. Clere, St. Clare family, ii, 10; 
iv, 119; v, 205; William, arch- 
deacon, i, 8. 

St. Clitancus of South Wales, v, 
205. 

St. Cuthburga, i, 233, 257. 

St. Cuthbert, Bishop of Lindis- 
farne, iv, 94, 95; tomb, 40; 
notes about, from a Durham 
book, v, 130, 131. 

St. Eadburga, v, 206. 

St. Eanswida, of Kent, v, 205. 

St. Ebba, v, 206. 

St. Edmund the Martyr, v, 172, 
173, 206; his mother-in-law, i, 
no. 

St. Edward the Martyr, relics at 
Leominster, ii, 74. 

St. Edwold, bro ther of Edmund, T, 
206. 

St. Elfleda, v, 207. 

St. Erkenwald, Bishop of Lon- 
don, v, 207. 

St. Ethelbert the Martyr, notes 
from life by Girald Cambrensis, 
v, 185-187; notes from life by 
Osbert de Clare, 187, 188. 

St. Ethelwold, Bishop of Win- 
chester, v, 207. 

St. Fiacrius, v, 208. 

St. Finnan, v, 208. 

St. Fremund, son of Offa, v, 208 ; 
tomb, iv, 127. 

St. Frideswide, ii, 153. 

St. George, Norroy at arms, ii, 
i68. 

St. Godwald(P), ii, 91. 

St. Gundleius, king, v, 178. 

St. Guthlac, ii, 122-126, 127. 



St. Helen's, John, of Abingdon, 
founder of Burford Bridge, v, 

US- 

St. Helerius, anchorite, iv, 187. 
St. Henry the Hermit of Coquet 

isle, v, 179. 

St. Hilda, ii, 168; v, 179. 
St. Hugh of Lincoln, v, 179. 
St. Ivo the Bishop, ii, 142. 
S. Iwius, v, 179. 
St. John, Lord, Paulet of Basing, 

iv, 72. 

St. John, Sir John, of Bedford- 
shire, i, 124; tomb, 153; Mr., 

temp., 99, 101; iv, 23; Blake 

St. John, tomb, 23. 
St. John family, Glamorgans., iii, 

24. 
St. John family and Duke of 

Somerset, iv, 87; Oliver, 87, 

88. 

S. Justin Martyr, v, 179. 
St. Kenelm, v, 220. 
S. Keyna, v, 180. 
St. Leger, Liger, i, 219; ii, 10. 
St. Liz, Sainteliz, Simon, Earl of 

Northampton, i, 8; ii, 30, 138, 

140. See St. Clere. 
St. Loe, Lord, iv, 132; v, 98; 

Sir John, 103. 
S. Maglorius, v, 180. 
St. Maudite, bishop and school- 
master, i, 200. 
St. Maure, tombs, i, 128; Lord, 

iv, 131. 

S. Melorus, v, 180. 
St. Mildred, bishop, ii, 166. 
St. Neots and his story, ii, 117- 

119. 
St. Ositha, daughter to Frede- 

wald, ii, III, 112; her family 

and life, v, 167-172. 
St. Oswald, Bishop of Worcester, 

ii, 90, 91, 163, 164. 
S. Oswin, king and martyr, v, 180. 
St. Pandonia, v, 218. 
S. Paternus, bishop, v, 180. 
St. Paul, Line., v, 38; Mary, 

Countess, daughter to Edward, 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 273 



t. Pega, ii, 127. 

St. Petrocus, v, 181. 

St. Richard, Bishop of Chichester, 
v, 181. 

St. Robert, Abbot of Morpeth, v, 
181. 

St. Rumoalde, ii, 37, 38. 

St. Sithewelle, at Exeter, i, 228. 

St. Thomas Cantilupe, v, 181. 

St. Thomas of Hereford, iv, 137 
(? Thomas Cantilupe). 

St. Waldev of Croyland Abbey. 
See Waldev, Earl. 

St. Willebrordus, v, 181. 

St. Winifred the Virgin, her his- 
tory by Prior Robert of Shrews- 
bury, ii, 119-122. 

Sale, de la, alias Hall, of Brad- 
ford, Somers., i, 135; v, 98. 

Salisbury family, i, 9, 59, 207, 
261. 

Salisbury, Bishops of, i, 260, 262, 
264, 265-268; Provost of St. 
Edmund's College, ii, 28 ; Os- 
mund, Bishop, lord Chancellor, 
iv, 93; Roger, Bishop, builder 
of Devizes castle, v, 82. 

Salisbury, Earls of, lords of Ayles- 
borow in Chiltern, ii, 112. 

Salisbury, knt. , of Denbigh (? Sir 
John Salesbury of Llewenny), 
temp., iv, 84. 

Salwaine of Yorkshire, i, 58. 

Salway of Worcestershire, ii, 172. 

Sandford, Sanford, Mr., of Sand- 
ford, Salop, temp., iv, I ; v, 18. 

Sandon at Ashby, Line., v, 37. 

Sandys, or Sannes, family, ii, 7, 
8; temp., ii, 37. 

Sapcote, Richard, knight, Hunts, 
i, 5 ; Mr. , temp. , 6. 

Savage, Sir John, Glottc. , iv, 1 35. 

Savages, Salvage, Archbishop of 
York, i, 80 ; of Kent, etc., iv, 
74, 88. 

Savaricus, Bishop of Bath, Abbot 
of Glastonbury, v, 102. 

Savelle of Yorkshire, ii, 30. 

Scales, Thomas, knt., tomb, ii, 
149. 

V. 



Scot, John, the teacher at Ox- 
ford, i, 131, 132; ii, 153. 

Scotus. See Marianus. 

Scott, Sir Peter and Sir Nicholas, 
iv, "7; 

Scott, alias Rotheram, Archbishop 
of York, iv, 14, 121, 122. 

Scrope, of Masham, Lord, i, 78, 
80 ; ii, 2; v, 133; of Yorkshire, 
iv, 27, 29, 30; v, 140, 141; 
family tombs, iv, 92 ; Richard, 
lord Chancellor, iv, 149; v, 
133, 134, 137, 140; family pedi- 
gree, v, 133, 135, 137, 138. 

Scrope of Wiltshire, i, 304. 

Scudamore family, Hereford, iv, 
82. 

Scylley, Sir John, of Crediton, i, 

239- 
Sebroke, Abbot of Gloucester, ii, 

61. 
Segrave, Gilbert, i, 117; Lord, 

iv, 91, 191. 
Seleby, Sir Walter, Cumb., v, 

5. 

Selwood, Abbot of Glastonbury, 
v, 105. 

Semar, Thomas, knt., buried at 
Tewkesbury, iv, 163; Sir 
Thomas, temp., v, 83. 

Sergeaunt, Richard, knt, iv, 149. 

Serlo, Chaplain to William I and 
Abbot of Gloucester, ii, 60, 61. 

Sheffield, i, 38; family of Ax- 
holme, ii, 17. 

Sheffield, Mr., temp., ii, to, 25, 

3- 

Shepward, merchant of Bristol, v, 

93- 
Sherborne, Dorset, Abbots of, i, 

152, 153. 295, 296. 
Shirburns, ii, 21. 
Shirley, Leicestershire family, i, 

1 6, 21 ; cofferer of the King's 

house, temp., iv, 93. 
Shrewsbury, Earl of, in Man- 

mouths., iii, 47; temp., iv, 2; 

possessions of, 14, 15, 16, 17. 

See Talbot. 
Shrewsbury, Earl of. See Belesme. 



274 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Simeon of Durham, quoted, iv, 

Simon, Bishop of Salisbury, i, 
268. 

Skargill, lent, i, 43. 

Skeffington of Skeffington, i, 21. 

Skirlaw, Walter, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, i, 52, 68, 70 ; v, 128, 129, 

I3' J 32. 

Skrimesha of Norbury, Staff. , a 
lawyer, temp., ii, 170. 

Skriven, Salop, iii, 66. 

Slane, lords of, i, 299. 

Smith, Mr., Cheshire, temp., iii, 
91 ; Smith, Leic., iv, 20. 

Snede of Broadwall, Staff., ii, 
172. 

Somerey, Earl, ii, 17. 

Somerset, Edmund, Duke of, ii, 
21 ; iv, 87 ; Edmund and bro- 
ther John beheaded, 162; John, 
Earl of, i, 257, 308; tomb, iv, 
40; Sir Charles, 91. 

Somerton of Drayton, Oxon, ii, 

13- 

Souch, Lord. See Zouch. 
Spaine, ii, 15. 
Speke, Mr., temp., i, 157, 160, 

227. 

Spencer, Lord Edward, iv, 134. 
Spencer, or le Dispencer, Hugh 

II, Earl of Gloucester, iv, 140; 

his wife Eleanor de Clare, 1 56 ; 

her death, 157; Hugh III and 

wife, Elizabeth, 157; family, 

156-158; property of, ii, no. 
Spurstow, Mr., temp., iv, 3; v, 

23- 

Stafford, Humfrey, with the Silver 
Hand, iv, 72, 73; Humfrey, 
knt., Dorset, 108. 

Stafford, Sir Humphry, North- 
ampton!., family and temp., iv, 
78, 79- 

Stafford, Ralph, first Earl, iv, 

83- 
Stafford, Earl of Wiltshire, i, 6; 

Edmund de, i, 226, 236. 
Stafford of Worcester, iv, 80; of 

Froham, iv, 149. 



Stafford, Lord, temp., ii, 27; v, 
13; family of knights, ii, 95; 
tombs and pedigree, v, 21 ; Sir 
Humphrey Stafford's father be- 
headed, v, 221. 

Stanley, Standeley, Earl of Derby, 
"> 35> 37 5 Sir William of, iv, 
3; Thomas, first Earl Derby, 
iv 97 5 family of Staffordshire, 
Cheshire, etc., ii, 170, 171; v, 
26, 28, 30. 

Stanley, Lord Monteagle, iv, 97. 

Stanley, William, esquire, of Buck- 
nell, and his wife, ii, 34. 

Stanton family, Staff., ii, 172. 

Starky, Starkey of Cheshire, v, 
26, 29. 

Stapleton, Sir Brian, i, 44 ; knight, 
227 ; bishop, 227, 236, 237 ; ii, 

15- 

Stapleton, Mr., of London, temp., 

v, 2. 
Stawel, Thomas, knight, tomb, i, 

287. 
Stawford, merchant of London, i, 

170, 299. 
Steward, James, King of Scotland, 

and wife, iv, 127, 128. 
Stoke, Adam of Great Bedwin, 

Wilts, tomb, v, 79. 
Stoner, Stoneher, ii, 19; Stoner, 

a judge, i, 117; Sir Walter, v, 

72. 

Stonnard, Cornw., i, 206. 
Stonor. See Stoner. 
Storthwayt, John, i, 145; tomb, 

293- 
Storton or Stourton, Staff., Lord, 

v, 20. 

Stoure, Mr., i, 218. 
Stourton of Stourton, Lord, Wilts, 

temp., v, 106, 108, 223. 
Straddel, Dr. Richard, writer and 

abbot of Dore, v, 160. 
Stradeling, Glamorgan*,, iii, 27, 

28, 31, 32, 38. 
Strange, i, 100. 
Strangewaise of Harlesey, i, 68; 

ii, 2 ; Sir Giles, i, 243 ; of Mel- 
bury, 247, 248. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 275 



Strangeways, Mr., temp., iv, 73; 

family, ii, 6; iv, 72, 73. 
Stratflur (Strata Florida), Abbot 

of, Cardigan, iii, 12 1, 122. 
Stratford, John de, Archbishop of 

Canterbury, ii, 49 ; bishop, tomb 

in Canterbury Cathedral, iv, 

39- 

Straw, Jack, iv, 39, 69. 
Streitley, Stretley, Strelley, alias 

Sturley family, Notts, ii, 2, 10, 

n. 
Stretey, Mr., of Lichfield, temp., 

V, 21. 

Strickland, Strikeland of Hunts, 
i, 2 ; William, Bishop of Carlisle, 
v, 56. 

Striguil, a/wChepstow, genealogy 
of Counts, Earls of Pembroke, 
iv, 83. 

Strongbow, Richard, Earl of Pem- 
broke, tomb at Gloucester, ii, 
61 ; v, 157, 159; genealogy, iv, 

S3- 

Stumpe family, i, 132. 
Style, clothier of Bath, i, 143. 
Sudbury, Simon, Bishop, iv, 52; 

beheaded by Jack Straw, iv, 39, 

69. 

Sudley, Lord. See Butler. 
Sugar, Hugh, Canon of Wells, 

tomb, i, 293. 
Suffolk, William, Duke of, and 

wife Alice, i, 112; ii, 5; Duke 

of, temp., 27; iv, 73, 182. 
Sulmo(or Soulemont), Mr. Thomas, 

temp., iv, 88, in, 118, 119,143, 

183, 184, 187. 
Sulyard, Justiciary of the Marches, 

tomb, ii, 77, 79 . 
Sutton of Lincoln, v, 38. 
Swillingtons of Yorkshire, ii, 19, 

20. 
Swinerton of Swinerton, Staff., ii, 

170; of Isehall, Staff., 172. 
Swinesfield, Staff., ii, 171. 
Swinford, Catherine, i, 76, 308, 

309 ; and daughter Jane, tombs, 

V, 122. 

Sydenham family, i, 164, 165. 



Talbots of Worksop, i, 89. 

Talbot family, Earls of Shrews- 
bury, v, 3, 4. 

Talbot, Gilbert, ii, 22, 95 ; tomb, 
iv, 2; temp., v, 10; Philip, i, 
22; William, 163; Sir John, 
Salop, temp., iii, 65; v, 18; Sir 
John of Grafton, iv, 133. 

Talbot, Robert, antiquary, temp., 
iv, 42, 47, 181 11. 

Tame, John and Edmund, of Fair 
ford, i, 127, 130; ii, 38; iv, 78, 
of Dorset, 108. 

Tancrevilles, ii, 52; three buried 
at Kenilworth, iv, 128. 

Tempest family, iv, 13. 

Terumber, James, clothier, i, 1 36. 

Thays, Lord, ii, 17. 

Theobald, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, iv, 41. 

Thimbleby, Thimleby, Thybleby, 
knt., of Irnham, Line., temp., 
i, 24, 26 ; Dr. of Queen's College, 
and of Homcastle, temp., v, 

35- 
Thomas family, Glamorgans., iii, 

32, 33- 
Thomas ap Jonys, Carmarthen*. , 

iii, 113- 
Thorne, Abbot of Reading, i, 

no; William, historian of St. 

Augustine's,Canterbury,quoted, 

iv, 52, 53- 

Thornes, Salop, iii, 66. 

Thornhill of Thornhill, Dorset, iv, 
142 ; Walter, 107 ; tomb at Stal- 
bridge, v, 107; temp., iv, 107; 
v, 107. 

Thornton, Roger, merchant of 
Newcastle, iv, 117, 118; v, 59; 
Mayor of Newcastle, iv, 118. 

Throckmorton,Throgmorton fam- 
ily, ii, 14, 15, 50; Sir George, 
temp., 50, 95; Mr., of Tort- 
worth, Glouc., temp., v, 96. 

Throgmorton, John, iv, 163. 

Thurgill, Yorks, iv, 117. 

Thwaytes, Thwaites, of Northal- 
lerton, i, 68; of Yorkshire, iv, 
74- 



276 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Tilley, alias Selling, William, 

Prior of Canterbury, iv, 42. 
Tilney of Boston, iv, 115, 182. 
Tilney, Philip and family, Norf., 

iv, 95. 96- 
Tipetote orTiptofte, iv, 76; John, 

Earl of Worcester, iv, 161 ; 

Robert, v, 133, 137. 
Tisonn, Gisbright, and son Wil- 
liam, temp. William I, v, 

124. 
Tonmer of Tonmer park, Dorset, 

v, no. 
Torrington, Sir William of, i, 273, 

300. 
Toterney, Robert of, founder of 

Belvoir monastery, v, 148, 149. 
Totheby, Line., v, 37. 
Touchet, Tuchet, Lord Audley, 

ii, 22; Twichet, iv, 74. See 

Audley. 
Townley, knt., of Warsop, iv, 

16. 

Townsend family, temp., ii, 12. 
Tracy family of Barnstaple, i, 169, 

298 ; of Toddington, ii, 56 ; v, 

'55- 

Tracy, Mr., temp., n, 53, 55. 

Trafford, Mn, of Old Trafford, 
temp., iv, 5 

Trecarell of Trecarell, i, 191. 

Trederth, temp., i, 196. 

Trefusis of Trefusis, i, 197. 

Tregoz, Tregose (Tregor), John, i, 
237; of Ewias, ii, 69; iv, 113; 
family, and its connection with 
Cantelupe and Graunson fami- 
lies, v, 176, 177. 

Tregyon, Mr., temp., i, 199. 

Trelawny family, temp., i, 207, 
209. 

Tremayne, i, 196. 

Trentham, Salop, iii, 66. 

Tresbur, Lord, and wife Agatha, 

v, 5- 

Tresham family, Northants, iv, 
22, 97 ; cruel death of William, 
97; Thomas, knt., taken at 
Tewkesbury field, 162, 163; 
Henry, ditto, 163. 



Tresinney of Penrhyn, i, 187. 
Treury, Thomas, of Fowey, temp. , 

i, 203, 204, 206, 248. 
Trevanion, i, 201. 
Trevelyan, temp., i, 176. 
Trewinard of Trewinard, i, 191. 
Triveth or Treveth family, i, 162, 

298. 
Trilleck, John, D.D., v, 166, 184; 

tomb at Hereford, v, 182. 
Trussell, Mr., temp., ii, 50; Wil- 
liam, knt., iv, 150. 
Tudor, Tyder. See Meredydd. 
Tunstall, Cuthbert, Bishop of 

London, ii, 16. 
Tunstall, John, knt., tomb, ii, 

41. 
Turbeville family, Glamorgan!. , 

iii, 32. 
Turguise, iv, 82; Turgese, 108, 

109. 

Turner, Line., v, 38. 
Turvile of Thurleston, i, 21. 
Twyne (John), Kentish antiquary, 

temp., iv, 46, 50. 
Tyrwhit, Turwith, or Turwhit, 

alias Truewhit, near Barton on 

Humber, ii, 15, 16; v, 38, 59. 
Tywysog Llywelyn vab lorwerth 

drwyndwn, iii, 84. 

Ulster, Earls of. See Burgh. 

Undergod, Peter, builder of St. 
John's Hospital, Ludlow, v, 
12. 

Underwood, Deacon of Walling- 
ford, i, 126. 

Upton, Nicholas, Canon of Salis- 
bury and Wells, military and 
heraldic writer, iv, 24. 

Urman, John, knt., iv, 163. 

Valetortes of Trematon, i, 210, 

2131 215. 

Vampage, Worcester, iv, 81. 
Vanne, Glamorgans., iii, 32. 
Vaughan, Sir Richard, of Brad- 

wardine, temp. , and grandfather, 

iv, 124, 125. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 277 



Vaux, Vaulx, Lord, i, II, 199; ii, 

76; iv,22; William, lent., killed 

in battle, iv, 162. 
Vaulx of Naworth, ii, 7. 
Vavasor, Robert, and daughters, 

ii, II. 
Vavasor, William, Sheriff of Notts 

and Derby, ii, ii. 
Veel, lord of, and wife, iv, 102; 

Geoffry and wife, Thomas, 

1 02. 
Vehan family, Glamorgan:., iii, 

1 8, 27, 49. 
Vehan, Grifith ap Robert, Car- 

narvons., iii, 85. 
Vehan, William, Brecknock!. , iii, 

112. 

Veldenar, Veldenet, Jan, writer 
and printer of Utrecht, 1480, 

". 153- 
Venables of Kinderton, Ches., v, 

30. 

Verdoune family, i, 19. 

Vere, Earl of Oxford, iv, 61; 
genealogy of, 145, 147-150; of 
Lincolnshire, his lands, ii, 10. 

Vere, Milo de, and successors, 
Earls of puisnes (Genney or 
Guisney), iv, 145, 146. 

Vere, Aubrey the Grim, iv, 146; 
the Good Earl Robert, 147; 
Robert, Marquis of Dublin and 
Duke of Ireland, 149. 

Vere, William de, Canon of St. 
Osith, Essex, v, 167, 170; his 
mother, 171; father and other 
members of the family, 172, 
181. See Books, Index II. 

Vere, William de, Bishop of 
Hereford, v, 163, 165, 181 ; 
tomb, 283. 

Verney family, i, 8; PVernpn, 
Sir Henry of Thonge and wife, 
v, 3. 16. 

Vernon, John, Somerset, ii, 163; 
family of the Peak, Derbys., v, 
IS. *6. 

Vernon, Mr., tem/>.,ii, 77, 79 . ; 
of Kesteven, i, 26 ; of Stafford- 
shire, ii, 172; Salop, iii, 67. 



Vescy family, i, 28, 57, 69, 171. 
Vescy, Bishop of Exeter, temp., 

i, 214; family, v, 124. 
Viate (Wyatt), Robert of Oundle, 

i, 3, 

Villars of Brokesby, i, 21; tomb, 
and temp., iv, 120. 

Vincent of Peckleton, Lett., i, 
21 ; of Pekkerton (? Peckle- 
ton), temp., ii, 5; of Smeaton, 
i, 68. 

Vinton, Mr., of Wadley, Berks, 
temp., v, 73. 

Vitrocus of Naples, conquered 
by Robert, Earl of Oxford, iv, 

147- 
Vivian, Thomas, tomb of, i, 1 80, 

184; family, 186, 187. 
Voysey (or Harman), John, Bishop 

of Exeter, v, 22. 



Wadd, a giant, his grave, i, 

59- 

Wadham and wife, iv, 100. 

Wadham, Wadeham, Sir Edward, 
of Tormarton, Clone. , temp. , v, 
96,98. 

Wakefield, William, Master of 
the houses of S. Trinity at 
Berwick, and Newcastle, v, 145 ; 
Henry, Bishop of Worcester, v, 
227, 229. 

Walch, Mr., v, 94. 

Waldavus, Earl of Northumber- 
land, i, 271. 

Walden, Humphrey de, iv, 106. 

Waldev, Earl of Huntingdon and 
Northampton, tomb at Croy- 
land, ii, 132; extracts from 
lives of, by several writers, 1 30- 
142 ; his wife Judith, Countess 
of Albemarle, 133, 138, 139. 

Waleranes of Kilpeck, v, 178. 

Walerico, St., Reginald, Bernard, 
and Thomas de, iv, 101, 102. 

Walerie, Matilda, foundress of 
Aconbury nunnery, v, 160. 

Wales, descent of Welsh princes, 
Llewelyn, Owen Tudor, and 



278 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Edmund, father to Henry VII, 
i> 37> 38. See Index to 
Places. 

Walgreve family, ii, 17; of the 
Court, temp., 17. 

Walter (Hubert), Chancellor of 
King John, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, tomb, iv, 39. 

Wangford, William, iv, 44. 

Ward, John, merchant of New- 
castle, v, 59. 

Wareham, Bishop, iv, 52; tomb, 
40, 41. 

Warimund, John de, iv, 103. 

Warner, John, merchant of 
Rochester, iv, 52. 

Warr, John, Lord de la, v, 176, 
177. 

Warren, Fulk, iv, I. 

Warren, Warine, William and 
John, Earls, iv, 95, 147 ; Earl 
of Surrey, possessions in York- 
shire, i, 40, 41. 

Warren, Warine, Mr., of Stock- 
port, temp., v, 24. 

Warren-, Warine-Combe of Lug- 
wardine, temp., ii, 70. 

Warwick, Earls of, i, n; genea- 
logical notes on the family, v, 
152, 153; possessions of, v, 74, 
94; John Beauchamp, i, 327; 
v, 229; Ella, Countess, 124; 
founders in Warwick, ii, 45; 
Roger de Beaumont, 41 ; 
Thomas de Beauchamp, 41 ; 
tomb, 42; his son Thomas, 
tomb, 42; daughter Catherine, 
tomb, 42 ; Richard, son of last 
Thomas, Lieutenant of France, 
41 ; tomb, and long epitaph, 
43> v > I 5 I > *5 2 ; at Sutton 
Coldfield, ii, 97; other members 
of the Beauchamp family, 44; 
Belmonts and Beauchamps, iv, 
126, 142, 159; Nevilles, 159- 
162; Henry, Duke of, beloved 
by King Henry VI, 160, 184; 
his daughter Anna, 160. 

Warwick, Guido, Earl of, and 
Guy's Cliff, ii, 45, 46. 



Warwick, Neville, Earls of, ii, 
98; iv, 159-162; Richard, i, 
310. 

Warwick Church, Deans of. See 
Alester and Berkswell. 

Warwist, William, Bishop of Exe- 
ter, i, 175, 180, 215, 235. 

Wateley, Henry, esquire, killed 
at battle of Tewkesbury, iv, 
163. 

Waterton, Mr., temp., i, 40. 

Waulley, i, 90. 

Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester, 
his school, ii, 31 ; v, 35. 

Ways, i, 117. 

Welby of Hampstead, Line., 
family, ii, 147, 148 ; v, 38. 

Wellington, John de, iv, 102. 

Wen uab Meridith, Carnarvon*., 
iii, 85. 

Wenlock, Lord, iv, 121, 162. 

Wenne ap Robert, John, Flints., 

"i, 73- 
Wentworth, Wentforth, Lord, 

temp., ii, 19 ; v, 138. 
Werkecop, the herald, temp., iv, 

31- 

Westhall, tomb at Banbury, ii, 

38. 

Westmoreland, Countess of, i, 
35; Earl of, iv, 77; Ralph 
Neville, Earl, i, 72; iv, 159; 
genealogy of Earls of, i, 313, 

3i4- 

Westmorland gentlemen, v, 146. 
Weston, Lord, of Melchbourn, of 

St. John's College, London, i, 

i. 

Weyville, Robert, Bishop of Salis- 
bury, iv, 1 06. 

Wharton, Sir Thomas, v, 2. 
Whetehill, Mr., of the Marches 

of Calais, iv, 87. 

Whitelsey, Bishop, tomb, iv, 40. 
Whitington, Mr., Glouc., temp., 

part owner of Scilly Isles, i, 

191 ; Richard, iv, 44. 
Whitney, Glouc., iv, 81. 
Whitston, knt., Stafford!., iv, 

129. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, ETC. 279 



Wich, Richard de, an Oxford 

scholar, ii, 161. 

Wichamton, Robert, tomb, i, 264. 
Wicks of Doddington, Mr., temp., 

*,I335 v 94. 95- 

Wicks, Mr., in St. Magdalen's, 
late a nunnery near Bristol, v, 
88, 89. 

Wickingham, William, knt., iv, 
162. 

Wiclif, Mr., of Wiclif, iv, 28. 

Wiclif, John, (?) born at Hips- 
well, Yorks, iv, 28. 

Wigeston family, Leicester,}, 15, 16. 

Wikam of Broughton, ii, 14. 

Wilcote, Wivelcote, of Tew, Oxon, 
iv, 76. 

William the Conqueror, ii, 60. 

William of Dunholm, ii, 161. 

William de Hampstede, iv, 83. 

William of Lancaster, founder of 
Cockersand Abbey, iv, 10. 

William the old Marshal, iv, 125, 

15.5- 

William of Malmesbury, ii, 164. 
William Rufus, where killed, iv, 

142. 
William \ia.bWi\\i&m,Carnarvons. , 

iii, 84. 

Williams, John, knt., i, 116. 
Willoughby of Eresby, Lord, temp., 

v, 34. 37; Christopher, 37. 
Willoughby family, ii, 105; Sir 

Edward, temp., 105. 
Willoughby, John, first Lord 

Brooke, ii, 24; Sir Henry, 

Knight of the Sepulchre, 103, 

105. 
Willoughby, Lord Brooke, iv, 73, 

74, 131, 182. See Brooke. 
Wiltshire, Earls of, v, 108, 133, 

137. 138- 

Wimbish, Line., v, 37, 122. 
Winchelsea, Bishop, tomb, iv, 39. 
Winchelsea, Richard of, writer, 

iv, 116. 
Winchester, Saerus de Quincy, 

Earl of, iv, 147. 
Wingfield, Sir Richard, i, 2; Sir 

Antony, iv, 149. 



Wingston, an official, ii, 98. 

Winterburn, Henry de, i, 266. 

Wise, Mr., temp., i, 212. 

Withams, tombs in Grey Friars, 
Boston, iv, 115. 

Woker of Woker, Staff., ii, 171. 

Wolrige, Salop, iii, 67. 

Wolsey, Thomas, Cardinal, Bis- 
hop of York, i, 119, 272; ii, 
102. 

Worcester, Earl of, Richard Beau- 
champ, slain at Meaux, April 
1422, iv, 159, 1 60. 

Worcester, Bishops of: Lord of 
Stratford, ii, 48; St. Egwin,48, 
52, 53, 168; Bosel, 59; manor 
place at Alvechurch, 95. 

Worsley, Staff., ii, 171. 

Wotton, lands of, iv, 97 ; founder 
of Holland priory, Lane., v, 
38. 

Wratesley family, Staff., ii, 170. 

Wriothesley, Mr., temp., of Lich- 
field, Hants, i, 281. 

Wroughton, pardoned by Ed- 
ward IV, iv, 163. 

Wroxall, Geoffry de, knt., iv, 
102. 

Wulpher, Woulpher, King, his 
castle, v, 20 

Wye, of Lipyeate, Glouc., iv, 81. 

Wykeham, William of, reported on 
by Dr. J. London, ii, 144, 145. 

Wyadham, Mr. John, i, 164; fam- 
ily, i, 165. 

Wyvell, Wiville, of Burton Parva, 
Yorks, temp., ii, I, 2; v, 

145- 
Wyvell of Slingsby, Yorks, ii, i. 



Yareswick, ii, 171. 

Yevers family, i, 57. 

Yogge, Thomas, of Plymouth, i, 

213- 

Yong, Salop, iii, 67. 

York, Richard, Duke of, i, 312, 
313; Duke of, iii, ii; roll of 
his lordships or estates, v, 4. 

York, Thomas, Archbishop of, 



280 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



ii, 59; possessions of the Arch- 
bishops, iv, 12, 1 8. 
Yorke, Mr., temp.,i\ t 8. 

Zouch, Souch, Lord, i, 127, 205, 
218; iv, 21, 74; possessions of, 
74, 131; v, 219; William and 



wife Eleanor de Clare, iv, 1 56 ; 

Elizabeth, 157; Edward de la, 

tomb, i, 287. 
Zouch, of Codnor and Derbyshire, 

temp., i, 12, 13; iv, 118, 123. 
Zouch, William de la, Archbishop 

of York, v, 125, 135. 



II 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



ABBKRLEY Castle, Wore., v, 9. 

Abbotsbury, i, 251, 305. 

Aber Avan, Avon, Glamorgans., 

iii, 29, 30. 
Aberbarrey, iii, 23. 
Aber Cegin r., iii, 85. 
Aber Cowyn, iii, 58. 
Aber Cynvrig, iii, no. 
AberdSr, Aberdare, iii, 16. 
Aber Daron, iii, 80, 87. 
Aberdourde, iii, 27. 
Aber Dyvi, Aberdovey, iii, 90, 

123; Castle, iv, 176. 
Aberedw (Abrehedon) Castle and 

village on the Wye, iii, 1 1 ; v, 

165. 

Aber Erch, iii, 80. 
Aber Eynaun Castle, iv, 177. 
Aberford, Yorks, i, 42, 43, 88. 
Aberfraw, iii, 129. 
Aber Gevenni, Burgeveney, ii, 68 ; 

iii, 45; iv, 161, 167; priory, 

50. 

Aber Glaslyn, iii, 80, 131. 
Aber Gwili, near Carmarthen, iii, 

58, 114. 
Aber Gwyn gregyn, house of 

Prince of Wales, iii, 79. 
Aberhodni, Aberhodeney, iii, 

104. 

Aber Marleis Castle, iii, 52, 113. 
Aber Mawfcach, Barmouth, iii, 

76, 77- 

Aber Menai, iii, 86, 129. 
Aber Ogwr r., v, 241. 
Aber Ogwen r., iii, 85. 
Aber Pergwrn brook, iii, 16. 
Aber Pwll r., iii, 85. 
Aber Seint, or Carnarvon, iii, 86. 



Aber Tewi, iv, 175, 177. 

Aber Thaw, Thawan r., iii, 22, 
24, 25, 26, 37; v, 238, 241. 

Aberthaw, whence a crossing to 
Minehead, i, 167. 

Aber Ystwith, Abreostuthe, iii, 
5.6, 123. 

Abingdon, Berks, iv, 79; v, I, 2, 
75-78, 113-1 18 ; old name, Seus- 
ham or Seukesham, 75; abbey 
and nunnery, 75, 77 ; hospital 
of St. John, i, 1 20- 1 22, 306; 
iv, 71; v, 77; bridge and its 
history, i, 306; v, 77, 113-118; 
old fortress, 76 ; camps, 78. 

Abon r., iii, 70. 

PAbson and Wick, Glow., iv, 

133- 

Acholt, manor, alias Kingswood, 

iv, 1 02 bis. 

Acklam Park, Yorks, iv, 12. 
Acle Lire chapel, v, 190, 191. 
Aconbury nunnery, iii, 48; v, 160, 

190. 
Act [of Union], the new [27 Hen. 

VIII, c. 26], iii, 53, 54, 123. 
Acton, near London, ii, 114. 
Acton Burnel, Salop, iii, 66; 

manor place or castle, v, 230; 

Parliament at, v, 14. 
Adelsthorpe and Horsebridge, 

Oxon, iii, 39. 
Adinburgh, Notts, ii, II. 
Adingreves Castle, Beds (Ris- 

ingho), iv, 22; v, 8. 
Adlingfleet, Yorks, ii, 15. 
Agincourt battle, i, 5. 
Agyding brook (Heding), ? part 

of Glaze brook, Lane., iv, 6. 



z8i 



282 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Aile (or Ayle) r. , Kent ?, iv, 47. 

Ainstey, Yorks, i, 44, 54. 

Aire r., and bridges, i, 42, 44, 
55,88; iv, 13; v, 39. 

Alabaster stones, price of, i, 38; 
workers in, at Burton-on-Trent, 
v, 19; tombs of, 21. 

Albaland, monastery founded by 
Bernard, Bishop of St. David's, 
iv, 176. 

Alan water, iii, 120, 122. 

Alberbury, Salop , iii, 125; mon- 
astery, iv, i; v, 15, 190. 

Albrighton Park, Salop, iii, 65. 

Alcester, iv, 80; v, 10; priory, 
ii, 47, 50-52, 159; Beauchamp's 
Hall, 51. 

Aldborough, Suff., v, 170. 

Aldborough village, Yorks, Ro- 
man remains, i, 85 ; v, 144. 

Aldbrough, near Piecebridge, 
Yorks, iv, 27. 

Alderley, Glouc., v, 95. 

Aldermanton, Berks, iv, 99. 

Aldersey, Ches., v, 6. 

Aldwark on the Don r. , iv, 1 28. 

Aled r., iii, 93, 98; commotes, 

93, 95- 

Aleinr., iii, 27, 37. 
Alford, Line., v, 34. 
Alhallows village at the mouth of 

Wyre r., Lane., iv, 9, IO. 
Allen r., Corn-wall, course of, i, 

178, 179, 183. 
Allen r., Dorset (Wimborne 

water), i, 256; course of, 257, 

258, 305. 

Allen Bridge, i, 256, 258. 
Aller r., i, 221, 222. 
Allerton, Nor thumb., v, 130. 
Allerton Castle, Yorks, i, 67. 
Allington Castle, Kent, iv, 46, 52, 

62. 

Allington, Wilts, i, 133. 
Aln r., v, 66. 

Alne r., ii, 47, 50; course of, 51. 
Alnwick Castle, v, 49, 64; town, 

63- 

Alparc Park, Lane., iv, 5. 
Alre on Dee, iii, 69. 



Alre r., i, 270, 271; course of, 
and bridges over, 274, 275, 
280. 

Alsford, i, 274. 
Althorne, Ess., v, 170. 
Altoft, Yorks, iv, 91. 
Alvechurch, Wore., ii, 51, 95; v, 

228. 

Alveley, Salop, iv, 136. 
Alverdiscot (Alscote), i, 172, 299, 

300. 

Alveston, Glouc., \, 99. 
Alun, Alen r., Denbighs. and 

Flints. , iii, 70 ; course of, 71, 73. 
Alwen r., iii, 98. 
Amber r. and its course, v, 31. 
Amberley, near Evesham, ii, 53. 
Amersham, Bucks, ii, 113; iv, 

98; v, 232. 
Amesbury, i, 261. 
Amlwch, Mdn, iii, 132. 
Amoundernesshundred, Andernes, 

Lane., iv, 8, 9, 10; v, 42. 
Ampney r., i, 128. 
Ampthill Castle and town, i, 102, 

103; v, 7, 8. 
Ancaster in Kesteven, Line., i, 

27,28; v, 33, 37. 
Ancholme r. , v, 35. 
Andertonford r., iv, J. 
Andersey isle, old fortress near 

Abingdon, v, 76. 
Andover, i, 269. 
Andreadeswald, iv, 56. 
Angle village, iii, 6. 
Anglesey, or Terre Mone, v, 6. 

See Mon. 

Angleston marble, Durh., v, 129. 
Anker r., ii, 104, 105. 
Ankerwyke nunnery, Bucks, ii, 

20. 
Antioch, siege of, iv, 146; legend 

of battle of, 146. 
Antioch wood, Dorset, iv, 108. 
Antiquities found at Rauceby, 

Line., i, 28; Lincoln, 31; Bin- 

chester, 71; Ripon, 81; Bor- 

oughbridge, 84; Aldborough, 

Yorks, 85; Bath, 140, 141; 

Norfolk, iv, 120; Hereford- 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 283 



shire, 166; Carlisle, v, 52, 53; 

Norharn, 55; Bow Castle, 55. 

See "Briton," Pict wall, and 

Roman coins. 
Anton r., Hants, course of, and 

bridges, i, 269, 279. 
Apley, Salop, iii, 67. 
Appleby and Castle, Westmor., 

v, 46, 47, 134. 
Appledore, Kent, i, 172, 299; iv, 

46, 49, 56, 62, 63, 68. 
Applegarth dale and brook, Yorks, 

iv, 30. 

Appleton, i, 64. 
Aqttat dulces et salsae in fifteen 

counties. See Waters. 
Archenfield, iii, 47. See Erging. 
Arcoll, Salop, iv, 130. 
Arden, Warw., ii, 47; Forest, v, 

'55- 

Ardevora, i, 199. 
Ardingworth, Northants, i, II. 
Ardudwy commote, Merioneth, iii, 

76. 

Arkengarth dale and beck, iv, 32. 
Arley, Wore., iv, 135. 
Anne river and haven, i, 218, 

222. 

Arncot, Oxon, ii, 33. 

Arrow r., Wore, and Here/., ii, 

47, 5. 95; 96; course of, 51, 
52, 72; iii, 42, 49; iv, 165, 
1 66. 

Arthur's Castle or Round table, 

v, 47- 

Arthur's Hill, iii, 106, in. 
Artro r., hundreds Uwch and Is 

Artro, iii, 77. 
Arundel, iv, 78, 93, 119. 
Arwistle, Arustle, iii, 54, 55, 114, 

122. 

Ascreville in Normandy, iv, 152. 
Asewick, Line., ii, 129, 146. 
Ashby on Avon (Nene) Castle, 

Northants, iv, 121. 
Ashby, near Spilsby, Line., v, 

37- 

Ashby de la Zouch, i, 18, 20. 
Ashford, Kent, iv, 38, 46, 62, 

70. 



Ashley College, Warw., i, 19; 

Castle, v, ii. 
Ashprington, i, 218, 219. 
Ashridge Abbey, of Bonhommes, 

i, 104; iv, 104. 
Ashton, Lane., iv, n. 
Ashton on Trent, ii, 14. 
Ashton Boterel, v, 190. 
Ashwell Thorp, near Wymond- 

ham, iv, 95, 96. 
Aslocton, i, 97. 

Astrad brook, Denbighs., ii, 27. 
Atcham, Salop, ii, 83; v, 16. 
Athelney, i, 161 ; ii, 118; v, 

109. 
Atterel hills, Mynyfc y Gadeir, iii, 

104. 

Auckland, v, 48 ; gatehouse, 128. 
Aucklands, the four, i, 69, 71, 

75- 

Augustinians, chief house of the 

Order was at Warwick, ii, 

158- 
Aust, Aust-cliff, ferry over Severn, 

Glow., ii, 63, 64, 69; iii, 42. 
Avon Crwys, Oswestry, iii, 75. 
Avon Gregyn, iii, 79. 
Avon manor place, near Christ- 
church, Hants, iv, 141. 
Avon Forth Wen, M6n, iii, 131. 
Avon r., Beds, i, 2. 
Avon r., Devon, course of, and 

bridges, i, 217, 2 1 8. 
Avon r., Glamorgans., iii, 30, 37; 

ditto Glow., i op. 
Avon r. , Warw. , ii, 40, 45 ; course 

of, and bridges, 46, 47, 108, 

109; v, 153, 155. 
Avon, East, r., Wilts and Hants, 

course of, and bridges, i, 259, 

261, 262, 304. 
Avon, Little, r., Glouc., v, 95, 

221. 
Avon, Lower, r., Wilts, Clone., 

etc., i, 130, 131, 133, 137, 139; 

bridges over, 135, 136; v, 81, 

84. 

Axbridge, i, 242. 
Axe r., course of, and bridge, i, 

242, 244, 247. 



284 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Axholm, Isle of, i, 37, 38; v, 6, 

37- 

Axminster, i, 243, 244; battle 
near, between Danes and Sax- 
ons, 243. 

Axmouth, i, 242, 243. 

Aylesborow in Chiltem, ii, in. 

Aylesbury town, ii, ill, 112; v, 
7, 170, 171. 

Aylesbury, vale of, ii, IIO, 113; 
its extent, in; v, 233. 

Aylesford, Kent, iv, 45, 47, 52; 
v, 219. 

Aylesham, Nor/., ii, 150. 

Aynho, ii, 38. 

Ayron brook, iii, 51, 52. 

Aysgarth on Ure, Yorks, v, 138. 

Ayton, i, 62, 64. 

Bablake, near Coventry, ii, 107. 

Babraham, i, 113. 

Babthorpe in Holderness, Yorks, 

v, 145- 

Baconsthorpe, ii, II. 
Badbury Castle, i, 256. 
Baddileyand Badle mere, CAes., 

v, 28, 29. 

Badlesmere manor, Kent, iv, 42. 
Badminton manor and park, iv, 

132- 

Bagginton Castle, Want)., v, n. 
Bagley wood, i, 121. 
Bagworth Park, i, 20. 
Baienet, old manor place near 

Petworth, Suss., iv, 78, 92. 
Bain (Bane) brook and its course, 

Line., v, 35, 36. 
Bainbridge, Yorks, v, 138. 
Bala lake, iii, 78. 
Balsall, ii, 45, 158. 
Bamburgh, v, 63; Castle, 64; 

College, 231 ; monastery, cell 

to Nostell (St. Oswald's) priory, 

65- 

Bamplon, Devon, i, 301. 
Banbury, ii, 38, 39, 109; the 

Cross, 38; bridge, 39. 
Bangor, Carnarvon!. , iii, 79 80, 

86 ; diocese, priory of Emisenoc, 

v, 199. 



Bangor Iscoed, Flint, iii, 67, 

68. 

Banne Brycheinog, v, 239. 
Banne hills, Banne Brycheiniog, 

iii, no. 
Ban well, palace of Bishop of Wells, 

i, 294; v, 104. 
Bapchild, Kent, Council held at, 

v, 210. 

Bar r., CAes., v, 28. 
Bardsey Island, iii, 80, Si. 
Bardeney Abbey, v, 36. 
Barford, Beds, iv, 22. 
Barford, Warw., ii, 46, 47; v, 

153, 155- 

Barforth, Yorks, iv, 28. 
Barham, Kent, iv, 41. 
Barington in the Cotswolds, ii, 

63- 

Barking monastery, v, 207. 
Barle r., i, 168. 
Barly priory, Somers., iv, 100. 
Barmby-on-the-Moor, i, 45. 
Bannouth. See Aber Mawfcach, 

iii, 76. 
Barnard's Castle, Yorks, i, 76, 77, 

78; iv, 29; epitaph in church, 

v, 132. 
Barnet, iv, 34; nobles killed at 

battle of, 162. 
Barnesdale (and Robin Hood), iv, 

13- 

Barningham, Yorks, iv, 30. 
Barnstaple, Castle and priory, 

i, 169-171, 172, 298, 299, 

300. 

Barnwell, Cambs., ii, 148. 
Barnwell and Castle, Northants, 

J3- 
Barrey Castle and rill, iii, 23 ; isle, 

24. 

Barrowby, i, 24. 
Barrow Castle, iv, 119. 
Barr's Court, Ilanham, v, 84, 85, 

86. 
Barton on Humber, Yorks, i, 50; 

v, 38- 
Barton Hundred, Glouc., iv, 139, 

154- 
Barton, Northants, iv, 22. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 285 



Barton heath, Oxon, iv, 8l. 
Basford, bridge on Toue r., i, 

161. 

Basing Castle (House), iv, 72. 
Basingwerk monastery, Flints., -v, 

159- 
Bassaleg, pont, Monm., iii, 13; 

v, 199. 

Baston, Line., ii, 129. 
" Eatable ground" on border of 

Scotland, v, 51, 53. 
Bath, i, 139-144; v, 84; parks 
there, 98; notes from "Book 
of Bath," 286; bishops, 290. 
Bath and Wells, palaces belonging 

to the bishopric, i, 294. 
Bath and Wells, Bishops of: 
Seven (four and three) ancient 
unnamed tombs in aisles of 
the cathedral, i, 293. 
Jocelin, tomb, i, 293. 
William Button, i, 293. 
Robert Burnell, tomb, i, 292. 
Ralph of Shrewsbury, i, 294; 

tomb, 293. 
Nicolas Bubwith, i, 145, 290, 

293 ; tomb, 292. 
Stafford, i, 290. 
Thomas Beckington, i, 145, 

290, 293; tomb, 291, 293. 
Robert Stillington, i, 290, 292, 

293- 

Richard Fox, i, 290; tomb, 
292. 

Oliver King, i, 290, 292. 

Adrian, cardinal, i, 290. 

Thomas Wolsey, cardinal, i, 
291. 

John Clerk, i, 291. 

William Knight, i, 145, 291. 
Battlefield near Shrewsbury, ii, 

82, 83. 
Battle Abbey, iv, 113; cell of, in 

Exeter, i, 228; iv, 125; in Bre- 
con, 125. 

Bawtry, i, 34; iv, 15, 18. 
Baynton, Wilts, ii, 24. 
Bayonne, iv, 100, 126. 
Bayworth, i, 121. 
Beachley, ii, 68. 



Beaminster, i, 243, 246, 247; ii, 

162. 

Beaubush Park, Sussex, ii, 12. 
Beauchamp Roding, Ess., v, 187. 
Beaumaris, MSn, iii, 132, 134. 
Beau Manor, Leic., i, 18, 20; iv, 

126 ; v, 222. 
Beaumont Leys, Leic., i, 20; v, 

222. 
Beaurepair Park, near Durham, 

i, 72; v, 129, 132. 
Beauvoir, Belvoir, priory, i, 93 ; 
v, 148; a cell to St. Albans, 
149; Castle, 148, 149. 
Bee Abbey, Normandy, v, 215; 
Weedon Bee, i, 10; Ruislip, 
329; cells, iv, 153. 
Bechenorth water, Sussex, iv, 1 1 1. 
Beckbury, Salop, iii, 67. 
Becket, Thomas, his bridge near 

Salisbury, i, 269. 
Bedale, North Yorks, iv, 30. 
Bedenham, i, 282. 
Bedfordshire, castles in, v, 8; 

houses of religion, v, 197. 
Bedford, i, 99-102; iv, 22, 23; y, 
7 ; first seat of the Franciscans in 
England, ii, 165; iv, 23; St. 
Paul's, 33, 34 ; castle, v, 8 ; Falx- 
harbour, 8 ; the barony, 150; re- 
ligious houses and hospitals of 
the town, v, 150. 
Bedlington, Northumb., iv, 123. 
Bed was, Bedwes, iii, 13. 
Bedwyn, Wilts, ii, 27 ; Great and 

Little, iv, 130; v, 79, 80. 
Beeby, Leic., ii, 127, 146. 
Beer, i, 242, 243, 325. 
Beeston Castle, Cheshire, iv, 126; 

v, 24, 28, 30. 
Beetha r., iv, 12. 
Beetham, Westmoreland, iv, n, 

12. 
Begar, near Richmond, Yorks, v, 

141, 142. 
Bek-harwik (? Bec-Hellouin), i, 

10. 

Belgrave, i, 20. 

Bells in Canterbury Cathedral, iv, 
41. 



286 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Bellingham, ii, 7 ; v, 62. 
Bello-situm, ii, 151, 167. 
Belvoir Castle and vale, i, 96-98 ; 

ii, 7; iv, 19,89, 116. 
Benefield and Castle, Northants, 

i, 12, 13; iv, 21. 

Benfleet, Beanflete, Essex, iv, 56. 
Bere, i, 212. 
Bere Forest, i, 284. 
Berkeley, Glottc., ii, 63; iv, 105, 

133; v, 101. 

Berkhampstead, i, 104, 105. 
Berkshire, houses of religion, v, 

193- 

Berkswell, ii, 167. 
Bermondsey, cell of Black Friars 

at Chepstow, iii, 43. 
Bernwood Forest, ii, 33. 
Bernicia, list of kings of, v, 70. 
Berry Head, Devon, i, 223, 224. 
Berry Pomeroy, i, 219; iv, 116. 
Berlin, in France, monks of. See 

Joscelin and Grimbald. 
Berwick-on-the-Hill, i, 57. 
Berwick on Tweed, v, 63, 64, 67 ; 

house of St. Trinity rebuilt at 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, 145. 
Bessels Leigh, Berks, v, 72. 
Bestwood Park, Notts, i, 94. 
Befcgelart, iii, 81. 
Bethnal Green, London, iv, 1 17. 
Bettws, Rosbierio, Mdn, iii, 133. 
Beverey, isle in Severn at Worces- 
ter, ii, 164. 
Beverley, i, 45, 46-48, 51, 61 ; iv, 

180; v, 39; sanctuary and Frith 

stool, iv, 1 80. 
Beverstone Castle, iv, 132, 133, 

141. 

Bewcastle, Cumb., v, 55. 
Bewdley, ii, 87-89 ; the sanctuary 

town, v, 9, ro, 189, 221. 
Bewley Abbey and river, i, 195, 

280. 

Bibery, Glouc., v, 228. 
Bicester, ii, 34, 35, 109; late 

priory, 33. 

Bickleigh, Devon, i, 214. 
Bickley, Cheshire, iv, 2. 
Bideford, i, 171, 172,299. 



Bidford bridge, Warw., ii, 47. 
Bidwell ? (Gull) brook, i, 219. 
Bierton, near Aylesbury, v, 233. 
Biggleswade, v, 77. 
Bikers Dike, Isle of Axholm, i, 37. 
Billerica, Belcaire, or Court-up- 

street, Kent, iv, 59, 66, 67. 
Billesley, Warw., ii, 50. 
Bilsby, near Markby priory, Line. , 

v, 37- 

Binchester, i, 71. 
Bindon and abbey, i, 249, 253. 
Birdsall, i, 58. 

Birkenhead Hall, Wigan, iv, 75. 
Birling, Kent, iv, 127. 
Birmingham, ii, 96, 97; v, ii, 12, 

21 ; Deritend hamlet, 96. 
Bir thorp, Linc.,\\, 129, 147. 
Bisham priory, i, III. 
Bishop Auckland and Castle, i, 

69-71. 
Bishoprics in early England, seats 

of, ii, 167, 168. 
Bishop's Castle, Bishopstown, 

Salop, ii, 78 ; iii, 40, 50 ; v, 

15 ; alias Treestop or -cop, 183; 

founder of, 184 ; connected with 

Ledbury, 187. 

Bishops Dale, Yorks, iv, 32. 
Bishops Forest, Carmarthen*., iv, 

179. 
Bishops Stortford Castle, Herts, 

iv, 117. 

Bishops Teignton, i, 225. 
Bishopsthorpe, near York, iv, 12. 
Bishopstown, near Trecastle, Brec- 
knock, iii, 112; alias Bist, iv, 

85. 

Bishop's Waltham, i, 279, 285. 
Bishop's Water, branch of the 

Soar, Leic., i, 17. 
Bishop's Water, river near Sher- 

burn, Yorks, iv, 13. 
Biss brook, v, 83, 84. 
Bisterne, Betistre, Hants, iv, 141. 
Bitchfield, Line., v, 33. 
Bitnesden Abbey, iv, 102. 
Bitterne, Bithern Castle, and farm 

of the Bishop of Winchester, 

Hants, i, 280; ii. 19. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 287 



Bitton, Glouc., v, 84. 
Blackhead, Cornw. , i, 202. 
Black Hills. See Clent. 
Blackley, Lane., wild animals 

bred there, v, 43. 
Blackmere Park, Salop, iv, 2. 
Blackmore, Yorks, i, 57, 64, 67, 

68. 
Blackmore Forest, Dorset, iv, 106, 

107. 
Black mountains, or Mynyfc du, 

iii, no. 

Blackthorn, Oxon, ii, 33. 
Blaen Cowyn, iii, 1 14. 
Blaen Honfci, iii, 109. 
Blaen Llyvni, Brecon, iii, 107, in. 
Blaen Pennal, iii, 52. 
Blaen Wisk, iii, 112. 
Blagdon Park, i, 258. 
Blakeney priory, i, 93. 
Blanchland Abbey, Northumb., 

v, 65. 
Blandford, Dorset, iv, 142 ; v, 

303 ; bridge, i, 256. 
Bledington and the Evenlode 

river ? (Bekington), v, 74. 
Bletchingley, iv, 82. 
Blettsho, Lady of, iv, 22, 23. 
? Blewbury, Blebury, ii, 163. 
Bliss river and bridges, Wilts, \, 

136, 137- 

Blith r., Blithelo, i, 34. 
Blithfield, Staff., ii, 171. 
Blore, Bloreton in the Moorland, 

Staff., ii, 171, 172. 
Blore heath, near Drayton, Staff., 

battle at, in Wars of the Roses, 

v, 12. 

Blore Park, v, 22. 
Bloughan, Cornw., i, 204, 205. 
Blunt Hall, Staff., ii, 171. 
Bluntisham, Hunts, ii, 144. 
Blythburgh, Suflolk, ii, 19, 25 ; cell 

to St. Osyth, Ess., v, 170. 
Blythe r., Warw., ii, 106; its 

course, v, n, 21. 
Blyth r., Notts, i, 88, 89; iv, 15, 

123. 
Blyth town and Abbey, Notts, i, 

88,89; iv, IS- 



Bobbing, Kent, iv, 88. 
Bodiam Castle, iv, 62, 68. 
Bodinnick, i, 207, 208, 324. 
Bodington, iv, 133. 
Bodmin, i, 179, 180, 183, 184, 

208, 301, 315; ii, 118; Bodmin 

Creek, i, 204. 
Bodrugam Park, i, 201. 
Bodwrog, Llyn and moor, Mdn, iii, 

130. 

Bod Varri, Fhnts. , iii, 92. 
Bolgoed, iii, 20. 
Bolingbroke, Line. , iv, 1 1 5 ; Castle, 

v, 2, 35, 36. 
Bollin r. , iv, 5. 
Bologna, iv, 42. 
Bolsover Castle, ii, n, 28. 
Bolton - in - Allendale, collegiate 

church, i, 93. 
Bolton on the Aln r., house ot 

canons, Northumb., v, 65. 
Bolton Castle and Park, Yorks, 

i, 79; iv, 27; v, 134, 140; de- 
scribed, 139. 
Bolton-in-Craven, i, 87. 
Bonhommes, Wilts, near Stourton, 

v, 1 06. 
Bonhommes, Houses of, Ashridge, 

i, 104 ; Edington, ii, 23, 24 ; iv, 

106 ; Haslebury, 107 ; Ruthin, 

i, 304; other houses, v, 190. 
Bonvilston, Bolston alias Tre 

Simwn, iii, 25. 

Books and writers quoted or cited 
by Leland : 

Abbo, a monk, Life of St. Ed- 
mund the Martyr, v, 172. 

Abingdon, De Gestis Abbatum 
de, i, 122. 

Adam, Friar, Life of St. Hugh 
of Lincoln (four notes from), 
v, 121. 

Alfred of Beverley, iv, 53. 

Annals, author unknown ; Eng- 
lish and Welsh events, A.D. 
1092 to 1216, v, 174. 

Annals (of Norfolk) by an un- 
known writer, iv, 95. 

Antonini Itinerarium, iv, 49. 

Antoninus, Chronicle of, v, 164. 



288 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Books and writers quoted or cited 
by Leland continued. 

Asser, historian of King Alfred, 
iv, 56, 595 v, 187. 

Bacon, Roger, Epistola de laude 
Artis Mathematicae, ii, 161. 

Bath, books of Antiquities of 
Monastery, i, 143 ; of the 
Abbey, 143; Book of Bath, 
286. 

Bede, Ecclesiastical History, iv, 

Belloviso, Codex monasterii de, 
v, 148. 

Book of burials in the Monas- 
tery of Bury St. Edmunds, ii, 
149, 150; other notes from 
the same Abbey, 148. 

Bradshaw, Henry (Metrical life 
of St. Werburgh, cap. Ill, 
sec. 4, sixth stanza, Chetham 
Soc., xv), iv, 55. 

Mr. Brudenel of Dene's rolls, 
descents of Welsh princes and 
the Tudors, i, 307, 308; 
descents from English kings, 
309-312. 

Caesar, De Bello Gallico, iv, 51. 

Cambridge, unknown author of 
old but fabulous book upon, 
ii, 1 66. 

Canterbury, Codex Coenobii St. 
Salvatoris, iv, 70. 

Chronicle of Christchurch, Can- 
terbury, iv, 55. 

Chronicle of the Abbots of Croy- 
land, ii, 126-130. 

Chronicle of Dover Monastery, 

v 55- 

Chronicle of Durham church, 
extracts and abstracts from, 
iv, 94, 95 (printed by Dug- 
dale, M<m. Aug., i, 233, 
234 a, b). 

Chronicle of the Kings of Eng- 
land from the Saxons to 
Henry V, by the unknown 
writer of the Epitome of 
Geofrry (of Monmouth), iv, 
93- 



Chronicle of Oriel College, Ox- 
ford, iv, 58. 

Chronicle of St. Peter's, Corn- 
hill, London, iv, 54. 

Chronicle of Tewkesbury Mon- 
astery, abstract of, iv, 150- 
161. 

Chronicle of Welsh history, 
? abstract from Brut y Tywyso- 
gion and others, iv, 168-177, 

l82. 

Cuthbert, Table (or Charter) 
of donations to, by King Eg- 
frid, iv, 94, 95 (part of ex- 
tracts from Chronicle of Dur- 
ham). 

Diodorus Siculus, iv, 55. 

Dunelmensis, Codex antiquus, 
v, 129, 131. 

Edington Monastery, Book of, 
iv, 1 06. 

Edmund the Martyr, Book of 
Miracles of, author unknown, 
v, 172. 

Eulogia, historiarum, ex His- 
toria addita, iv, 57. 

Exeter, Charters to the See of, 
i, 231, 234. 

Flores Historiarum, ii, 153. 

Folcard, monk of Canterbury 
[? author of Vita S. Johannis 
Bevcrlacepisc. Ebor. ], extracts 
concerning Beverley and York, 
iv, 23, 24. 

Forests, Charter and Perambu- 
lations of Blackmore, iv, 106; 
Inquisition of Gillingham, 
107. 

French Chronicle from Richard I 
to Edward I, iv, 94. 

French Chronicle of the Gestes 
of England, iv, 125. 

Gemmeticensis, Gul. (William 
of Jumieges, Historia Nor- 
manorum), iv, 55. 

Genealogy of the Earls of Ox- 
ford, iv, 145-150. 

Gervase of Canterbury, Life of 
King Stephen (PChronica de 
tempore Regum Angliae, 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 289 



Books and writers quoted or cited 

by Leland continued. 

Stephani, Henry II, et Rich- 
ard I), iv, 119. 

Gervase of Canterbury, Collec- 
tanea de Regibus Angliae, 
extracts and notes, v, 191, 
208, 209. 

Gervase of Canterbury, iv, 54, 
55 ; Supplement to his His- 
tory, 54, 55. 57, 59- 

Gervase of Canterbury, Mappa 
Mundi quoted, iv, 70; v, 191- 
199. 

Gervase of Canterbury, Lives of 
Archbishops of Canterbury, 
extract and notes, v, 191, 
210-216. 

Giraldus Cambrensis, Life of 
Ethelbert the martyr, v, 185. 

Giraldus Cambrensis, Vita Gal- 
fridi archie p. Ebor., v, 174; 
Itinerary, 178. 

Gotcelinus (Goscelin), Vita S. 
Sexburgae, iv, 54, 58. 

Grim, Edmund, Life of Thomas 
a Becket, iv, 118, 143. 

Henry of Huntingdon, Historia 
Anglorum, ii, 153; iv, 54. 

Henry Knighton, ii, 161. 

Hereford, Book of Martyrology, 
v, 165. 

History of Northumbrian Kings 
and Bishops, by an unknown 
writer, iv, 94. 

Hoveden, Roger, Chronica, iv, 

57, 58- 
Juvenal, Lucan, and J. Caesar, 

lines from, referring to Portus 

Rutupini, iv, 51. 
Ketell, William, of St. John's, 

Beverley, iv, 23. 
Kingswood Monastery, Clout., 

Book of Donations to, iv, 101. 
Langtoft, Peter de, his transla- 
tion into French rime of H. 

Bosham's Life of Thomas a 

Becket, iv, 93. 
Life of Thomas Cantilupe, i, 

233, 2 34; v, 181. 
V. U 



Life of Karantoc, British Prince, 
i, 234; v, 204. 

Life of Piran of Ireland, disciple 
of St. Patrick, i, 234. 

Life of Earl Waldev of North- 
ampton and Huntingdon, by 
a monk of Croyland before 
William of C., ii, 133; Epi- 
taph, Life and passion of 
Earl Waldev, by William of 
Croyland, 130-132; Book on 
the Earls of Huntingdon and 
Northampton by an unknown 
author, 134-142. 

Lives of Saints, viz.: St. Boni- 
face, archbishop, i, 232; v, 
202; St. Breaca, i, 187; St. 
Brinstan, bishop of Win- 
chester, i, 229; St. Cuth- 
burga, 233; St. Dunstan, by 
Osbern, ii, 163 ; St. Fimbarr, 
i, 235 ; St. Guthlac, by Felix, 
ii, 122-125; by unknown au- 
thor, 125-126; St. Ives (Jes) 
legend, i, 192; St. Ivo the 
bishop, by Jocelin of Berlin, 
ii, 142 ; on his translation and 
miracles, 143; St. Melor, 'i, 
233; v, 1 80; St. Neots, copy 
in Croyland monastery, ii, 
117-119; St. Osithe, in 
(see Books, Vere); St. Rum- 
wald, i, 229; St. Sativola, 
230; St. Willebrord, 230; 
v, 181; St. William, arch- 
bishop of York, i, 233; St. 
Winifred the Virgin, by Rob- 
ert, prior of Shrewsbury, ii, 
119-122; St. Winnoc, i, 230 ; 
St. Ywius, v, 179. See Books, 
Tynemouth, John of. 

Marianus Scotus, ii, 152. 

Martin, or Cadogan, bishop of 
Bangor, Book of Homilies, 
and Speculum Christianorum, 
v, 178. 

Necham of Cirencester, Verses 
by, iv, 109. 

Osney, Acts of the Abbots of, 
i, 125; Chronicle of, ii, 153. 



290 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Books and writers quoted or cited 
by Leland continued. 

Orosius in Old English, iv, 
181 n. 

Osbert de Clare, Life of Ethel- 
bert the Martyr, v, 187. 

Packington's French Chronicle, 
iv, 58. 

Paris, Matthew, notes from, on 
the Universities, ii, 160; on 
Worcester, 165. 

Procopius, iv, 56. 

Ptolemy, iv, 53, 54, 57, 58. 

Ralph of Chester, ii, 152, 153. 

Richard of Winchelsea (Win- 
kele), iv, 116. 

Roll at Master Garter's, official 
styles of certain nobles, iv, 24. 

Rowse or Rous, John, de Aca- 
demiis Britannicis, ii, 167, 
168; Oxford, 151, 152, 154- 
156, 161 ; Cambridge, 157; 
De Episcopis Wigorniae, 158, 
159, 163, 165; De Regions 
Merciorum, 160. 

Rutland, Earl of, old book be- 
longing to, v, 148. 

Salisbury, Book of Martyrology, 
i, 265. 

Scala Chronicon, iv, 54, no. 

Simeon of Durham, iv, 53. 

Thome, William, monk, his- 
torian of St. Augustine's, Can- 
terbury, iv, 52, 53. 

Tynemouth, John of, Sancti- 
logium Britannia, many lives 
of saints noted from, v, 178- 
181, 199-208. 

Tynemouth Monastery, Chron- 
icle of, iv, 54 (abridgement 
of Matthew Paris). 

Upton, Nicholas, De re Militari 

et de Insignibus illustrium 

Virorum Angliae, iv, 24. 

Veldenar, Jan, Fasciculus tem- 

porum, a chronicle 1480, ii, 

153- 

Vere, William de, Life of St. 
Ositha of Chich, Essex, v, 
167-170. 



Vere, William de, Miracles of 

St. Ositha, v, 170-172. 
William, prior of Llanthony, 
Life of Robert de Betune, 
bishop of Hereford, v, 1 88. 
William of Malmesbury's Life 
of St. Wolstan, ii, 164; His- 
tory, iv, 54 > bishops of Here- 
ford, v, 162, 165, 183. 
Winchester, Book of Donations, 

i, 272; old Register, 278. 
York, Book of the Archbishops 
to the death of Thurstin, 
author unknown, v, 136. 

Books, lists of, (eight) in Exeter 
Library, i, 230; (six) in Salis- 
bury Cathedral, 263. 

Booth and park, Ckes., v, 26. 

Boothby Pagnal, i, 23, 25, 26. 

Boroughbridge, i, 56, 84, 85; iv, 
31; v, 146. 

Borowdale, Cumb., v, 54. 

Boscastle, Botreaux, i, 175-176, 
302. 

Bosgrove priory, ? Sussex, iv, 
92. 

Bosham College, Suss., i, 215. 

Bossiney, i, 177, 302. 

Bostel chapel, iii, 41. 

Bostock inDaneham parish, Chts. , 
v, 27. 

Boston and the Tilney family, iv, 
96. 

Boston, i, 29; v, 33, 34; house of 
Carmelites, i, 93; its fair and 
merchants of the Steelyard, iv, 
114; Cromwell's fee paid at, 
115; the "Sinker" lake near, 
115, l8iw. ; places near, 181 ; 
Easterlings and merchants, 114, 
181, 182; church and singing 
brotherhood, v, 33 ; fee of Pet- 
ronilla de la Corone near, 223 ; 
Pepardine, 224. 

Bosworth battle, six brothers at, 
ii, 18. 

Botley, Hants, i, 279, 281, 285. 

Boughrood Castle on the Wye, 
iv, 165. 

Boulogne, iv, 64, 65. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 291 



Bourn, Line., i, 25; v, 32, 33; 

priory, i, 27. 

Bourne brook, Staff., ii, 99, 103. 
Bourne river and bridges, Wilts, 

i, 262, 269; Yorks, 80. 
Bourton-on-the-Water, Oxon, iii, 

39- 

Bow, Devon, i, 218, 220. 
Bowbridge over Anker r., ii, 105. 
Bowes, Yorks, iv, 31 ; Castle, 

Northumb., v, 58. 
Bowling Hall, near Bradford, v, 

38, 39- 

Bowmont Water, v, 66. 
Bowness, v, 50, 51, 61. 
Bowstone, Westmorl., v, 47. 
Boxbrook, Glouc. , v, 96. 
Boxley, Kent, iv, 87. 
Boxwell, Glouc., iv, 133. 
Bracebridge, near Lincoln, i, 30. 
Brackenborough, i, 66, 67. 
Brackley, town and castle, North- 
ants, ii, 35-38; v, 224. 
Bradenstoke priory, Wilts, i, 133; 

v, 231. 

Bradfield in Hallamshire, iv, 14. 
Bradford, Dorset, iv, 109; v, 108. 
Bradford, Yorks, v, 38. 
Bradford on Avon, Wilts, i, 134- 

136; v, 96. 
Bradford Peverell, Somers., i, 249 ; 

v, 98. 

Bradgate, Leic., i, 17, 18, 20. 
Bradley hospital, Somerset, iv, 71. 
Bradley park, near Warrington, 

Ches., v, 42. 
Bradwardine Castle, iii, 49; iv, 

1 66. 

Brambridge over Med way r., iv, 45. 
Bramhall, Ches., v, 27. 
Brampton Bryan Castle, Salop, ii, 

7 8. 

Bramscroft, " like a castle," v, 15. 
Bran r., iii, 113. 

Brancepeth, and Castle, i, 71, 72. 
Brandon Castle, Warw., v, II. 
Brandsby, Yorks, ii, 4. 
Branksea isle, Dorset, i, 255. 
Bray r., i, 169. 
Bray brook Castle, i, 12. 



Brayford, i, 169. 

Breamish r. , Northumb., v, 66. 

Brecknock, Brenauch.Brechenauc, 

iii, 9, 104, 112, 113; priories, 

10, 105 ; castles, 10, 105 ; rivers, 

10, 104. 

Brecknock Forest, iii, 112. 
Brecknock mere, iii, 10, 104, 105. 
Brecknock town, iii, 9, 105, 106; 

iv, 125; Normans built castle, 

173- 

Brede r. , Brede bridge, iv, 63. 
Bredon and Bredon Hill, Wore., 

iv, 136, 137- 
Breifcen, Bridin, iii, 126. 
Bremisfield, iv, 133. 
Brenhin, Brennine, lordship, iii, 

27. 

Brennig r., iii, 98, no, 118. 
Brent marsh, Somers., v, 5. 
Brent river and bridge, i, 107. 
Brentford, New, i, 107. 
Brevi r., iii, 57, 117. 
Brewing houses to serve ships in 

time of war, i, 283. 
Brewood, Brerewood, parish, 

Staff., ii, 170; priory, v, 15. 
Bridges over rivers enumerated : 

Alre, i, 274. 

Avon (East), Wilts and Hants, 
i, 261, 262, 304. 

Avon (Lower), Wilts, Glouc., 
etc., i, 135, 136. 

Avon, Warw., ii, 46. 

Brue, i, 150. 

Camel (Alane in error), i, 178, 
183. 

Cherwell, ii, 1 10. 

Colne, i, 107, 108. 

Derwent, Yorks, i, 44, 45. 

Erme, Devon, i, 216. 

Exe, i, 229. 

Foss, i, 55. 

Fowey, i, 205, 206. 

.Hereford, iii, 47. 

Lugg, ii, 69, 70, 73. 

Meole, ii, 81. 

Plym, i, 214. 

Severn, at Gloucester and Up- 
ton, ii, 63; iii, loo. 



292 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Bridges over rivers enumerated 

continued. 

Stour, i, 256, 303, 304. 
Tamar, i, 174, 301. 
Tees, i, 68, 69, 77. 
Teign, i, 221. 
Teme, ii, 78. 
Thames, i, in. 
Tone, i, 161. 
Torridge, i, 173, 300. 
Trent, i, 96. 

Bridges over rivers in Wales : 
Avon, Glamorg., iii, 37. 
Cothi, iii, 114. 
Cowen bridge, iii, 114. 
Dee r., at Chester, Holt, and 

Llangollen, iii, 90. 
Diwles brook, iii, 36. 
Ele, Elei, Lai, iii, 18, 19, 25. 
Holt bridge, iii, 69. 
Karvan, Kensan brook, iii, 37. 
Kidwelly, iii, 59. 
Lay r., iii, 19, 36. See Ele. 
Llandaff, iii, 18. 
Llandovery lacks a bridge over 

the Towy, iii, 113. 
Machynlleth, iii, 77. 
Newport bridge, iii, 44. 
Ne, Neathr.,iii, 38. 
Ogwr, Ogor r., iii, 37. 
Oswestry, iii, 76. 
Peris, Llanberis, iii, 82. 
Pont Gigman, iii, 31. 
Pont He, iii, 31. 
Pont Landough, Landouhe, iii, 

3i- 

Pont Lay, iii, 19, 25. 
Pont Lecwith, iii, 19, 25. 
Pont Newith, iii, 15, 31, 36. 
Pont Remny, iii, 12, 13, 15, 

35- 
Pont Rhyd Sarn, Ponterith 

Same, iii, 20, 21, 25, 26. 
Rhonfca Vawr r., iii, 35. 
Rhonfca Vechan r. , iii, 36. 
Tav, Taphe r., iii, 35. 
Teivi r., iii, 117. 
Thawan r., iii, 31, 36. 
Usk r., at Brecknock, iii, 106. 
Wenny r., iii, 37. 



Bridgend or Penbont, iii, 28, 29, 

33- 
Bridgewater, i, 161-163, 168, 297, 

298 ; ridge of hills between, and 

Glastonbury, v, 5, 109. 
Bridgnorth, town and castle, ii, 

85, 86; iv, 168; v, 13. 
Bridlington, i, 51, 59, 6l, 62. 
Bridport, i, 245, 246; iv, 108; v, 

44, 45, io8. 
Brierley Park, iv, 13. 
Brignall Park, Yorks, i, 78; iv, 

3- 

Brinkborne priory on Coquet r. , 
Northuml., v, 65. 

Brinklow Castle, Warw., v, ii. 

Bristol (Brightstow), ii, 69; iii, 
101 ; iv, 103, 124, 139; v, 86- 
93> X 59. 218; monastery of St. 
Augustine, iv, 104; Billeswick, 
alias "les Gaunts," 130; v, 89; 
ancient gallows, iv, 131; castle, 
139, 153, 154, 160; v, 87; St. 
James' priory, iv, 139, 1 53; 
Thomas le Dispenser slain at, 
158; churches, v, 87, 88; hos- 
pitals and alms-houses, 89, 93 ; 
chapels and bridges, 90; haven 
and roads, 90, 91 ; conduits and 
city walls, 92. 

Brit r. , course of, i, 246, 247. 

Britan, Britton Ferry, near Neath, 
iii, 15, 30. 

Briton or British bricks, iv, 69. 

Brixham, i, 224. 

Broadstairs, near Gore End, Kent, 
iv, 60. 

Brock r. , iv, 9. 

Brokenbridge, i, 39, 40. 

Bromefield, Flint, iii, 69. 

Bromfield, Salop, ii, 78, 79 . ; iii, 
50; castle and moated house, 
80; a cell to Gloucester, v, 16. 

Bromham Hall, Wilts, v, 82. 

Bromley, Staff., v, 29. 

Brompton, i, 62. 

Bromsgrove, ii, 94, 95 ; v, 10. 

Bromyard, Heref. , ii, 69 ; iii, 49. 

Brongoed, near Mold, iii, 73. 

Brooke Hall, Wilts, v, 83, 97. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 293 



Brooksby, Lett., iv, 120. 
Broomfield, Somerset, i, 162, 298. 
Brotherton, i, 88. 
Brough, Westmor., v, 47, 147. 
Brough, near Hull, Yorks, i, 58. 
Brougham, and Castle, Westmor., 

v, 47, 48, 54, 146, 147- 
Broughton, Flint., iii, 69. 
Broughton, Hunts, ii, 29; Oxon, 

14. 

Browney, Broune r., i, 72. 
Brucombe, i, 291. 
Brue r., course of, and bridges, i, 

148, 150, 291. 
Bruern Abbey, Oxon, ii, 2; v, 

74- 

Bruse Hall, Yorks, i, 64. 
Bruton, i, 148, 150, 291; v, 97. 
Brwynllys, Broynlles, iii, 109, 

III ; castle, iv, 166. 
Bryn Buga = Usk castle, iii, 44. 
Brynich r., iii, no. 
Buckden, Hunts, ii, 29, 144. 
Buckenham, Norf., iv, 119. 
Buckfastleigh monastery, v, 159. 
Buckholt wood, i, 269. 
Buckhurst, Sussex, iv, 82. 
Buckingham county gaol, ii, III ; 

hospital, iv, 71, aquae dulces in 

the county, 71. 
Buckland, Devon, i, 212. 
Bucknall, Line., ii, 129, 147. 
Bucknell, Oxon, ii, 34. 
Budby brook, i.e., Meden r., 

Notts, iv, 17, 1 8. 
Budleigh Salterton, i, 241. 
Budock, i, 196, 197. 
Build was Abbey and bridge, ii, 84; 

v, 15, 159, 177- 
Builth, iii, 56, 109, 122; bridge, 

ii, 69; castle, iv, 125, 165, 

177- 

Bulbourne r., Herts, iv, 98. 
Bunbury, Cheshire, iv, 3 ; college, 

v, 28. 
Burford, town and priory, Oxon, 

v, 74; bridge over Thames, 

"3- 
Burford, Salop, ii, 78; barons of, 

75; v, 17. 



Burgh on Bane, Line . , v, 36. 
Burgh Castle, Suffolk, ii, 25. 
Burgh by the Sands, Cumb. , death 

place of K. Edward I, v, 51, 

61. 
Burgh, ancient castle on the Tyne, 

iv, 94. 

Burial alive at Brackley, ii, 37. 
Burleigh park, i, 19, 20. 
Burne brook, Durham, \, 75. 
Burne riveret, Bucks, i, 108. 
Burnham priory, near Windsor, 

ii, 4. 

Burnhope r., Durh., i, 71. 
Burns near Durham, four, utilized 

for water supply, v, 132. 
Burnside, Westmor., v, 47. 
Burrow on the Lune, Lane., v, 

46. 

Burrow Hill, Leic., iv, 19, 20. 
Burscough priory, Lane., v, 

40. 

Burstead, Essex, formerly Strat- 
ford, Cistercian monastery, v, 5. 
Burston (Birdstane), in vale of 

Aylesbury, ii, no. 
Burton in Chiltern, ii, in. 
Burton Lazars, hospital and church, 

Leic., iv, 19. 
Burton, South or Bishops, and 

North, Yorks, iv, 180. 
Burton-on-Trent, ii, 103, 172; v, 

19- 
Bury on the Irwel, Lane., v, 

43- 
Bury St. Edmunds town, iv, 95 ; 

street of the glove-makers, ii, 

149; v, 172, 173. 
Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, notes 
as to history and Abbots of, 
ii, 148 ; deeds of famous men 
buried there, 149, 150; camel 
chapel, 149. 

Abbots, and one prior, Anselm, 
ii, 148. 

Edmund Bokenham, ii, 150. 

Edmund de Brondisch, ii, 149. 

Hugh the second, ii, 148. 

John Bohun, ii, 1 50. 

John Gosford, prior, ii, 149. 



294 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Bury St. Edmunds Abbey con- 
tinued. 

John Norwold, ii, 149. 

Richard the first, ii, 149. 

Sampson, ii, 149. 

Simon, ii, 148. 

Thomas, ii, 150. 

Vuio, ii, 149. 

William Cratfeld, ii, 150. 
Other benefactors to the Abbey : 

Baldwin, ii, 149. 

Guarin, son of Gerold, ii, 149. 

John, Lavenham, ii, 150. 

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lan- 
caster, ii, 150. 

K. Henry III, ii, 150. 

K. John, ii, 150. 

K. Richard I, ii, 150. 

K. Richard II, ii, 150. 

K. Stephen, ii, 149. 

Lady Mary of Pakenham, her 
husband Edmund, and son 
Thomas, ii, 150. 

Ralph de Hemenhale, knt., ii, 
150. 

William the Conqueror, ii, 149. 
Butterwick, Line., ii, 17, 147. 
Buttington bridge, Salop, ii, 83; 

i, 55- 

Buxton, Derby *s., v, 31. 
Bwlch y ClawS, iii, 16, 22; v, 

241 n. 

Bwlch yr Eivl, iii, 79, 80, 88. 
Bychan, Bahan, Park and Castle, 

iii, 12. 

Byham church, v, 149. 
By land, Yorks, iv, 12. 
Bytham Castle, i, 23. 

Cadbury, North and South, river 
and bridges,!, 150, 151, 155, 156. 

Cadnant r., iii, 86; M6n, 129. 

Caen stone used for Bristol and 
Tewkesbury buildings, iv, 139. 

Caer Digoll on Long Mountain, 

i, 54- 

Caer Gwent, Caer Went, iii, 43. 
Caer Gwrle, or Hope, iii, 73. 
Caer Lion, Cairleon, iii, 13, 14, 

44; battle of, iv, 168. 



Caerphilly Castle, iii, 18; v, 239. 
Caer Sws, Cairllews, iii, 54; 

Castle, v, 2. 
Caer Taphe, i.e. , Cardiff town 

and castle, iii, 14, 17, 34; iv, 

154, 157, 158; v, 239; St. 

George's and St. Pagan's, castles 

near, 240. 
Caer Wysc, Usk, iii, 44; priory, 

5- 
Caer yn Arvon, Carnarvon, iii, 

52, 79, 81. 
Caesar's landing place, near Deal, 

iv, 48. 
Cainesham, Somerset. See Keyns- 

ham. 
Cainham, Caynham, Castle, Salop, 

ii, 80; v, 14. 
Cairdin. See Castle. 
Cair Honaun Castle, iv, 177* 
Cair Kenin, i, 188. 
Cairlvel, i, 44. 
Caistor, v, 35, 38. 
Calais, iv, 82, 87 ; v, 3. 
Calamansack creek, i, 194. 
Calcethorpe, Line., v, 36. 
Calder Abbey, Cumb., v, 55. 
Calder r., Lane., iv, 9; v, 40. 
Calder river and bridge, Yorks, 

i, 41, 42; iv, 91; v, 38. 
Caldewell spring and village, with 

ruins and ancient camp, Yorks, 

iv, 27, 31. 

Caldicot, Calecoyth Castle, iii, 43. 
Caldwell priory, Beds, i, 100; 

v, 150. 
Caldy Isle, Inis Pir, iii, 51, 61, 

62, 117. 

Cale r., Somers., v, 106, 107, no. 
Calendars in Bristol. See Kalen- 

dars. 

Calne, Wilts, ii, 163. 
Calshot Castle, Hants, i, 279, 

280. 

Calstok bridge, i, 21 1. 
Camaron Castle, iv, 177. 
Cambridge, i, i, 327, 329; house 

of Carmelites in, 93; Gonville 

Hall, 113; Edward, son of King 

Alfred, supposed founder of, 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 295 



ii, 152, 167; Rowse's list of col- 
leges, halls, and hostels, 157; 
disputes between scholars and 
burgesses, 161 ; notes from an 
old " but fabulous " book, 166; 
and from Rowse, 167; friars 
preachers, iv, 147 ; property of 
Christ's College in Pembroke- 
shire, iii, 61. 

Camden, Chipping Campden, 
Glow., ii, 38; iii, 39. 

Camel r. (Alane in error), and 
bridges, i, 178, 183, 184, 303, 
3i6. 

Camel, Queen's (Camallat), i, 
ISI. 

Camelford, i, 178, 303, 316. 

Camps and trenches for men of 
war, iv, 27, 31, 34, 41, 62 ; 
Knollbury, v, 74; Abingdon, 
78 ; Silbury and Abury, 81 ; 
four at Little Sodbury, Horton, 
etc., Glouc., 94, 102; Stourton, 
Wilts, 106. See Maiden Castle. 

Campsey priory, i, 78. 

Cannington nunnery, i, 163. 

Canterbury, description of, iv, 59, 
69; inn in the High St., 41; 
noblemen and bishops buried 
in the cathedral, 38-40 ; great 
builders of Cathedral and in 
town, 41, 52, 62, 69; Dungeon 
Hill, 70; river Stour, 69, 70; 
distances of Kentish towns from, 
46, 49; Dorobernia or Duro- 
vernum, the Roman town, v, 
211 n. 

Canterbury, notes on history of 
archbishopric from the coming 
of Augustine, with succession of 
archbishops down to Hubert of 
Salisbury, taken from Gervase 
of Canterbury's " Lives of the 
Archbishops, ' v, 210-216 ; fur- 
ther notes continuing the arch- 
bishops to Henry Chicheley, 
216-218; Archbishop Brightwald 
(Berchtwald), 210, 211; Cuth- 
bert, 210, 212. 

Cantercely, Cantre-Seli, Hundred, 



Brecknock, iii, 109, 1 1 1 ; iv, 86, 

8 ?', 
Cantre mawr, Cantre bychan, 

Carmarthen!., iii, 58. 
Canwell priory, Staff., ii, 103. 
Can wick, near Lincoln, i, 30. 
Capel Kiryk, iii, 81. 
Caps made at Coventry, ii, 108. 
Carburton brook, Notts, iv, 17, 

18. 
Cardiff, Cairtaphe. See Caer 

Taphe. 
Cardigan, iii, 56, 58; Castle, iv, 

176. 
Cardigan priory, iii, 51; priories 

in the county, 51, 56. 
Cardiganshire Llyns, iii, 120-122. 

See Lakes. 

Cardinham Castle, i, 205. 
Caregroyne, the seals' rock, i, 

322. 
Carew Castle, Pembroke*., iii, 

115. 

Cargreen, Cornw., i, 211, 325. 
Carham, fortress and a cell to 

Kirkham Abbey ( Yorks), v, 

67. 

Carhampton, i, 167, 179. 
Carlisle city and castle, v, 50, 52, 

53, 6l, 147; antiquities found 

there, 52, 53 ; Abbey, 54. 
Carlton, near Lincoln, i, 31. 
Carmarthen, iii, 59; town burnt, 

iv> J 75 ? haven, 180; priory, iii, 

51, 58; abbot, iv, 168; castle, 

iii, 57; iv, 176, 177. 
Carnarvon, iii, 84. 
Carnarvonshire, castles and houses, 
iii, 84, 85. 

Coetmor, near Tal Llyn Ogwen, 
iii, 85; iv, 168. 

Conway, iii, 84. 

Criccieth, iii, 84. 

Clenenne, Pen Morva parish, iii, 

85- 

Cwchwilan, iii, 84. 
Deganwy in Creufcyn, iii, 84, 

89. 

Dinas Emeris, iii, 84. 
Dolbadarn, iii, 84. 



296 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Carnarvonshire continued. 

Dolwythelan, iii, 84. 

Gwydyr, iii, 85. 

Kegid in Evionyfc, iii, 85. 

Llyn at Bodvel, iii, 85. 

The Mftd, Llan Boduan, iii, 
84. 

Penrhyn, iii, 84, 89. 

Sinnodune, iii, 84. 

Tal Hen Bont, iii, 85. 

Tre Castle, Castle Marchog, 
iii, 84. 

Trevriw, Castle and river, iii, 

84. 
Carnarvonshire Llyns, iii, 82-84. 

See Lakes. 
Carnarvonshire rivers and brooks, 

iii, 85, 86. 

Carnary chapels, i, 184, 270. 
Carnbrea (Carnbray) Castle, 

Cornw., i, 190. 
Carnel chapel, Bury St. Edmunds, 

ii, 149. See Carnary and Char- 

nel. 
Carnhangibes Castle, Cornw., i, 

192. 

Carnwyllon commote, iii, 60. 
Carrick Roads, Falmouth, i, 

321. 
Cartmell Sand, and priory of Black 

Canons, i, 78 ; iv, 1 1 ; v, 222. 
Cartuther, i, 209. 
Carvoran, Northumb., v, 6l. 
Carreg Kennen, iii, 57; iv, 177, 

179. 
Carvan, Kensan r., iii, 24, 25, 

37- 

Casterton, i, 99; v, 145. 
Casting moulds, fine earth for, in 

Surrey, iv, 121. 
Castle Acre, Norf., iv, 116. 
Castle Ashby, Northants, i, 7. 
Castle Bromwich, ii, 171. 
Castle Bytham, i, 23. 
Castle Cairdin, i, 185, 188. 
Castle Gary in Selwood, Somers., 

i, 150; iv, 131. 

Castle Donington, Leic., i, 21. 
Casteldour, Cornw., i, 207. 
Castle Eaton, Wilts, i, 127. 



Castle Endinas, Cornw., i, 181, 

184. 
Castle guard, lands held by, i, 

325; in Dover, iv, 64. 
Castle Luen in Inglewood forest, 

near Carlisle, v, 56. 
Castle Rising, Norf., iv, 119. 
Castleford, Yorks, i, 42. 
Castleton manor place, iii, 31. 
Catal bridge on Nidd, Yorks, v, 

143- 

Cathedine, iii, 107. 
Catterick, Yorks, iv, 26, 28; 

v, 147; Catterick Bridge, iv, 

30. 

Cattley priory, Line., i, 26. 
Catton Park, Yorks, i, 45; v, 

49- 
Caundle, Bishop, iv, 107; Purse, 

1 06. 

Cave, near Hull, ii, 126. 
Caverns or holes in Wales, near 

Tresgirth, and the head of 

Gwendraeth vechan rivers, iv, 

178; and near head of Kennan 

river in the Black Mountain, 

179. 

Caversham, i, in, 112. 
Caverswall, Careswell, iv, 129; 

v, 19. 
Cawood Castle and village, iv, 12, 

14. 
Cawres, Causeland, Caurseland, 

iii, 40. 
Cawres (Cause) lordship and 

Castle, ii, 26, 27 ; iii, 65 ; v, 13. 
Cayl Castle, Cornw. , i, 190. 
Caythorpe Castle, Line., i, 28. 
Cefnllys Castle, Radnor, iv, 125. 
Celesige, PSelsea, ii, 143. 
Ceredigion. See Cardigan, iii, 

58. 
Cerne, Cerne Abbas monastery, 

Dorset, i, 255 ; iv, 82, 106, 107, 

109; v, 207. 
Cerrig Gwynion, iii, 89. 
Chagford, i, 221. 
Chagha pill, near Fowey, i, 204. 
Chalk cliffs and quarries, iv, 61, 

64. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 297 



Channel Islands, iv, 160, 183- 
188; sketch map from the 
MS., 185; Col. Mill's "Carto- 
graphic Jersiase," 184 w. See 
Facsimile. 
Alderney, iv, 184, 186; Race 

of, 1 86. 

Brecqhou near Sark, iv, 1 86. 
Burhou, iv, 184, i86. 
Casquets, iv, 184, 188. 
Chausey, iv, 187. 
Cherbourg, iv, 188. 
Ecrehou, iv, 187. 
Guernsey, iv, 186, 188; Cornet 

Castle near, 186. 
Herm, iv, 186. 

Jersey, iv, 187, 188; Grosnez 
and Mont Orgueil castles, 
187 ; St. Aubyns, 183. 
Jethou, iv, 187. 
Lihou, iv, 1 86. 

St. Helerius' isle and two 
others, close to Jersey, iv, 
187. 

Sark, iv, 186. 

Chapel Ascs, Salop, ii, 79 
Chapel point, Cornw., i, 201. 
Char r. , Dorset, i, 245. 
Chardstock, ii, 163. 
Charing (Palace), Kent, iv, 62. 
Charlecote, Warua., ii, 46, 48; 

iv, 74. 

Charleton Castle, Salop, v, 14, 18. 
Charleton Horethorn and mere, i, 

155- 
Charlton, Charwelton, head of 

Cherwell r., i, 10; ii, 39. 
Charmouth, i, 245. 
Charnel chapel in Coventry, ii, 

107. See Camel. 
Charnwood Forest, i, 18, 20. 
Chartley Castle, Staff., v, 24. 
Charwelton. See Charlton. 
Chat Moss, Chatley more, Lane., 

iv, 7 ; v, 42, 43. 
Chater r., course of, iv, 90. 
Chatton upon Till r., Northumb., 

v, 49- 
Chaveneysleasis (?leasowes),ZV. , 

ii, 7. 



Chaworth Place, iv, 19. 
Cheddar, iv, 143. 
Chelmsford, Ess., v, 168, 174. 
Chelsea, ii, 8. 
Cheltenham, ii, 56, 57; iii, 39; 

v, 158. 

Chenies, i, 105; ii, 113. 
Chepstow, ii, 68 ; iii, 42, 43 ; iv, 

83, 160; timber bridge, ii, 69; 

priory, iii, 50; castle, 43 ; cap- 
ture of Sir Richard Vaughan in, 

iv, 125. 
Cherbourg, Normandy, iv, 188; 

v, 205. 
Cherhill and Barwick, Wilts, ii, 

163. 
Chertsey, Surrey, i, 106; iv, 

128; founder of monastery, v, 

207. 
Cherwell or Char r., Oxon, etc., 

i, IO ; ii, 34, 38 ; course of, 39 ; 

bridges over, no; v, 232. 
Chesford, bridge over Avon, 

Warw., ii, 108. 
Cheshire, aquae dukes in, iv, 71 ; 

origin of pools and lakes there, 

v, 6 ; salt pits, 6 ; market 

towns, 23 ; castles, 24 ; rivers, 

25 ; abbeys and priories, 25 ; 

forests, chaces and parks, 25; 

gentlemen and their houses in, 

26-30. 
Cheshunt nunnery, Herts, iv, 

112. 
Chess r. (Lowdewater), i, 105; 

iv, 98. 
Chester, iii, 73 ; galleried streets, 

ii, 85 ; Castle, v, 24. 
Chester-le-Street, Durh., i, 73, 

74 ; v, 65, 66. 

Chesterton, Warw., v, 151, 154. 
Cheviot, ii, 6. 
Cheviot Hills, v, 66; woods and 

forests there, 67, 68. 
Chew, i, 294. 
Chewton Mendip, i, 144. 
Chich, Essex, given to St. Osithe 

for church there, v, 168; history 

of church and monastery, 168- 

170. 



298 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Chichester, iv, 78, 93 ; hospital, 

70. 
Chicksands priory, Beds., i, 100; 

v, 7, ISO- 
Chideock, Dorset, i, 245 ; iv, 

108. 

Childerley, Camb., ii, 31. 
Chilham, iv, 46 ; Castle, 55, 70. 
Chillingham Castle, v, 64, 66. 
Chillington, Staff., ii, 170; iv, 

129. 
Chilswell, Berks, near Oxford, 

ii, 152; v, 75. 
Chiltern Hills, i, 104; ii, in, 

112, 113; v, 7, 233. 
Chilwell, ii, n. 
Chimneys in Bolton Castle, v, 

139- 

Chipchace bridge on Tyne, v, 57 ; 
town and castle, 63. 

Chippenham, i, 133, 304. 

Chipping Norton, Oxon, ii, 38 ; 
"i, 39 ; v, 74. 

Chipping Sodbury, i, 130. 

Chirbury, Cherbury, priory and 
Hundred, Salop (since Act of 
Union), iii, 40, 54, 55; Hun- 
dred formerly annexed to Mont- 
gomery, v, 13, 14 n. ; priory, v, 
190. 

Chirk lordship and castle, iii, 71, 
72. 

Chirrington, iv, 102. 

Chiselhampton, Oxon, i, 116, 
122. 

Chisil, Chesilbank, i, 242, 246, 
251. 

Cholderton, East, Hants, ii, 7. 

Cholmeley Moss, Cheshire, iv, 2. 

Cbolmondeston, v, 29. 

Chorley, Lane., iv, 8; v, 44. 

Christchurch Twinham, Hants, i, 
255, 262, 280, 304; iv, 142. 

Christian Malford, i, 135. 

Chudleigh, i, 221. 

Churches doing homage to mother ; 
church at Chew, v, 103. 

Churn r., i, 128; iii, 100, 101. 

Cinque Ports, two lists of, iv, 49, 
56 ; Court of Shepway, 49. 



Circeden. See Sarsden. 
Cirencester, i, 128-130; iii, 39, 

1 02. 
Cistercian Order, seven houses 

named, v, 159, 160. 
Clacton, Ess. , manor of the Bishop 

of London, v, 169, 170. 
Clarduy, Black Clare r., iii, 119, 

1 20. 
Clare Castle, Carmarlhens., iii, 

57; iv, 177. See St. dear's. 
Clarendon manor and park, Wilts, 

i, 268, 269. 
Clarwen r. , iii, 120. 
Claverton manor, i, 294. 
Clawson, Long, Leic., iv, 19. 
Claw* Cwnstabl, iii, 18, 19, 20. 
Cleasby, Yorks, iv, 82. 
Cleeve, Somers., i, 165. 
Cleeve, Glouc., iv, 136, 137; v, 

184. 
Clee or Clent Hills, ii, 79 n., 80 ; 

v, 189, 190; the district of, 

v, 17. 

Clegir Voia Castle, iii, 64. 
Clenenne house, iii, 85. 
Clent Hills (Black Hills), ii, 96. 
Cleobury Mortimer, Salop, v, 17; 

Castle, 189. 
Clefciv, Gledy, Glevi, lordship 

and rivers, iii, 62, 63. 
Cleveland, lordships in, ii, 6. 
Cliffe Park, Northants, i, 22. 
Clifford, Here/., iv, 164; Castle, 

1 66; v, 4; priory, 190. 
Clifton, Yorks, ii, 2. 
Clifton, near Sherborne, Dorset, 

iv, 81, 107, 109; v, 108, 109. 
Clipstone, i, 90, 94. 
Clock at Glastonbury made by a 

monk, i, 287 ; at Bolton, v, 

140. 

Clopton, Warw., ii, 50. 
Cloth and draping, i, 42; ii, 85, 

91, 95, 108. 
Clothiers and clothing at Bath, i, 

143 ; Devizes, Steeple Ashton, 

Westbury, v, 82, 83 ; Bradford 

on Avon, 84; Alderley, Glouc., 

95; Dursley, Wickwar, 96; 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 299 



Frome and Norton, 98 ; Thorn- 
bury (decayed), 100; Berkeley, 
101 ; Pensford, 103 ; Chew Mag- 
na, 103 ; Mells, 105. 

Clovelly, i, 299. 

Cloverley, Salop, iii, 66. 

Cluidford r. , iii, 41. 

Clun, Brecknock, iii, 109. 

Clun, Clunne, Colunwy, Shrops., 
iii, 40,41, S3. 54, 55- 

Clun Forest, iii, 54. 

Clwyd r., iii, 98. 

Clydach, Cledaugh, iii, 20. 

Clynog Vawr, Clunnok, monas- 
tery and village, iii, 52. 

Clyro Castle on the Wye, iii, no; 
iv, 165. 

Clyst, Devon, \, 239. 

Clywedog r., iii, 70, 98. 

Coal, Stafford., ii, 97; coal pits, 
Yorks, \, 42; iv, 14; Durham, 
i, 74 ; Wales, iii, 59, 60, 73, 117; 
iv, 178; mines, Denbighs., iii, 
69; sea-coal, Yorks, iv, 15, 32. 

Coal mined, near Wombridge, 
Salop, v, 18; in Clent Hills, 
189 ; sea-coal at Wednesbury 
and Walsall, 23 ; pits and canel 
coal in Lancashire, 43 ; sea-coal 
at Morton in Glendale, 68 ; on 
the Mendips, 105; at Cowmore 
near Newcastle, 126 ; in Wear- 
dale, 129 ; in Yorkshire and 
Durham, veins and craft in 
digging, 140 ; at Coquet isle, 
iv, 123; v, 140. 

Cobham, Surrey, iv, 86. 

Coch (Gough) Castle, iii, 18, 125; 
iv, 84, 91 ; v, 239. 

Cock beck, Yorks, i, 43 ; iv, 

77- 

Cock beck field, i, 88. 

Cocker r., Lane., iv, 10; v, 51. 

Cockerham village, Cockersand 

Abbey, iv, 10. 
Cockermouth, iv, 74; Honour 

and Castle, 51, 54, 55. 
Cod beck, i, 67. 
Codnor Castle, v, 31. 
Codrington, Clowe., v, 94. 



Coed y Mwstwr, iii, 33. 

Coed y Park, iii, 8l. 

Coetmor, iii, 81, 85. 

Coety, Coite Castle, iii, 21; Tir, 

28, 33; v, 241. 
Coinage Hall, Cornw., \, 205. 

See Tin. 

Coitegolle, iii, 68. 
Coker r., i, 155, 296. 
Coker, West, i, 155, 296. 
Colaide r. , iii, 86. 
Colchester Ess., v, 171. 
Cold Norton Priory, v, 75. 
Coldfield Heath, Warw. , ii, 97. 
Coldingham, Berwicks., ii, 148. 
Coldstream, Northumb., v, 67. 
Cole r., Warw., ii, 106; v, n. 
Colebroke r., iii, 29. 
Coleshill, Warw., ii, 106; v, 

23- 

Colewine, Colewyn Castle on the 

Wye, iii, 1 1 ; iv, 165. 
Colhow, iii, 26, 27; v, 238. 
Colly Weston, Northants, i, 22, 

99; iv, 91; v, 145. 
Colnbrook town, Bucks, i, 107, 

1 08; ii, 114. 
Coin priory, the "Hall Place," 

Essex, ii, 25; iv, 146. 
Coin r. , Herts, iv, 98. 
Colne river and bridges, Bucks, 

i, 105, 107, 108; ii, 113, 114. 
Colne r., Glouc. (Fairford water), 

i, 127. 

Col wall, Here/., v, 184. 
Coly r., i, 242. 
Colyford, i, 242. 
Colyton, i, 241, 242, 245. 
Combe, Cornw., \, 189. 
Combe Castle, Wilts, i, 304. 
Combe Monkton, i, 139. 
Combe Valaunce, i, 248. 
Combeinteign head, i, 225. 
Combermere, v, 23, 29 ; ? lake of, 

16; salt pit, 6; abbey, iv, 4. 
Commotes in Wales, list, iii, 1-9. 
Compton, near Chipping-Norton, 

ii, 35- . 
Compton Wyniates, ii, 48; v, 



300 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Conarton, Corn-w., i, 317. 

Conder riveret, iv, 1 1. 

Conduits of fresh water, Lichfield, 
ii, too; in other places, v, 92, 
126, 145. 

Conebrook, Durham, i, 74. 

Congburn, Northumb., v, 66. 

Congleton, iv, 4 ; v, 23. 

Conisborough and Castle, Yorks, 
i, 36; v, 4, 149. 

Conishead Sand, and priory, iv, 
n. 

Conke r. See Coquet. 

Conner (Nikenor), i, 190. 

Conor, Dour r., Cornw., i, 317. 

Constantine parish, Cornw., i, 
196. 

Conwy, Con way, iii, 79, 80, 81, 
84; river, 85, 89. 

Cookburn beck, v, 53. 

Cooling or Cowling, Kent, iv, 58. 

Coomb Forest, Carmarthen*. , iv, 
I 7 8. 

Copeland, Cumb., iv, 82. 

Coquet, Isle of, house of religion, 
cell to Tynemouth, v, 65 ; sea- 
coal there, iv, 123; v, 140. 

Coquet river, Northumb., v, 49, 
60, 62, 66. 

Corbet castles. See Hopton, Mor- 
ton, and Shepton. 

Corbridge on Tyne, Northumb., 
v, 56, 57 ; remains of old build- 
ings, 49, 57, 70. 

Corby, i, 23. 

Corfe r. See Corve. 

Cornbrook, near Manchester, iv, 5. 

Cornton, iii, 28. 

Cornwall, general description of, 
i> 3*5> 3 Z 6; old mines in, 316, 
323 ; hundreds in, 325 ; anciently 
a bishopric, 237. 

Cornworthy, i, 218, 219. 

Coronation of Henry III, v, 92. 

Corrug, Glin, iii, 34. 

Corsenside parish, v, 62. 

Corsham, i, 133, 134. 

Corston, Sotners., i, 286, 287. 

Cortham Castle upon Corfe r., 
Salop, v, 14. 



Corve, Corfe r., Salop, course of, 
and bridge, ii, 80; iii, 50; v, 
14, 16. 

Corvesdale, v, 14, 16. 

Costey r., course of, i, 57, 63, 
64. 

Cotenham, Camb., ii, 127, 146. 

Cothi, iii, 114. 

Cotswold Hills, i, 129, 130; ii, 53. 

Cotterstock Collegiate Church, ii, 

30- 

Cottingham, Yorks, i, 47, 48. 

Cotton, near Shrewsbury, iii, 66, 
67. 

Coughton, ii, 50, 51, 95. 

Coukefield nunnery, near Alcester, 
Wanv., ii, 52. 

Councils mentioned : of Rheims, v, 
189; of Clovesho, 210; at Bap- 
child, Kent, 210. 

Council, King's, at York, ii, 9. 

Cound village, Salop, ii, 84, 
river, 84. 

Coupland village, v, 66. 

Court-at-Street, Kent, iv, 59, 66. 

PCovenham, Line., iv, 120. 

Coventry, ii, 103, 106-108; v, 73; 
royal Palace there, 108; caps, 
1 08; Church of Carmelites, iv, 
160. 

Cover r., Yorks, i, 80; iv, 29, 

31 5 v, 144. 
Coverdale, iv, 31, 32. 
Coverham priory, Yorks, i, 78; 

iv, 29, 32 ; v, 144. 
Cowbridge, or Pont vayn, Glouc., 

iii, 15, 28, 32; v, 238, 240. 
Cowdray Park, Sussex, iv, 92. 
Cowes, East and West, i, 281. 
Cowley, near Oxford, iv, 79. 
Cowley Bridge, Devon, i, 238. 
Cowton Moor, i, 68. 
Cowynr., iii, 58, 114. 
Coxford monastery, Norf., iv, 

122. 

Crabhall, Chesh., iii, 91. 

Craig Eryi, Snowdon, iii, 77> Si, 

82, 121. 

Craig Gwrtheyrn, iii, 87. 
Craig naw-llyn, iii, 56, 119, 120. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 301 



Craike, Crayke or Creke Hall 
(castle) and village, Yorks, i, 
66; iv, 12, 94; v, 130. 

Cram beck, i, 56. 

Cranborne and Abbey, Dorset, i, 
258; iv, 137, 151, 152. 

Cranbrook, Kent, iv, 46, 62. 

Crane, i, 261. 

Crantock, i, 179, 193, 317. 

Craven side, Yorks, iv, 31. 

Crawley Bridge, v, 73. 

Cray, Kent, iv, 47 ; river, 70. 

Crediton, i, 239; ii, 164; a bis- 
hopric, i, 237. 

Creech, Somerset, i, 158. 

Greedy r., Devon, and bridges, i, 

239- 

Crege Castle, iii, 21. 

Crendon and bridge, ii, no. 

Creufcyn, iii, 79, 89, 95. 

Crewkerne, i, 159, 160, 246. 

Crickhowel, iii, 108. 

Crickieth, iii, 80, 84, 88. 

Cricklade, i, 127. 

Croft Castle, Here/., ii, 75. 

Croft-upon-Tees, i, 69, 77, 328. 

Crokerton, at Cardiff, iii, 35. 

Croscombe, i, 147, 156, 291, 296; 
river, 144, 146; its course and 
bridges, 147, 149. 

Crosford bridge, iv, 5. 

Cross, ancient painted stone, at 
Reculver, iv, 60. 

Crosses at Banbury, ii, 38; at 
Brackley, 36. 

Croston, Lane., iv, 8; v, 44. 

Crowland. See Croyland. 

Crowlington, Salop, ii, 83. 

Crow's Hall, Suffolk, iv, 101. 

Croxteth, Lane., v, 42. 

Croxton, v, 218; abbey, ii, 7. 

Croxton Keyrial, i, 98; iv, 20. 

Croyland, ii, 123-125; monastery 
and Abbey, 119; list of abbots 
and properties, 126-130; fur- 
ther notes on Croyland history, 
146-148. 

Crug. See Grege. 

Crwys, Crose r., iii, 56. 

Crymlyn, Crimline r., iii, 15, 30. 



Cubberley, Cowberley, i, 130; iv, 
131, 132; v, 147. 

Cuckney, i, 90. 

Cuddington, Nonsuch palace built 
there by Henry VIII, iv, 121. 

Cudlow Haven, Sussex, iv, 93. 

Culbone, i, 167. 

Culham ford and bridge, v, 76, 
77, 113-116. 

Cumberland, its towns, v, 50-52, 
54; forests, 52; limits, 53; ab- 
beys and priories, 54, 55; cas- 
tles, 55. 

Cumwhitton in Gillesland, Cumb. , 

v, 5 2 - 

Curdworth, ii, 106; v, 21. 
Curry Mallett, i, 160. 
Curry, North, i, 161. 
Cwchwilan house or castle, iii, 

84. 
Cwm Doyfcwr, Comothuder, Co- 

memytother, iii, n, 109, 120, 

122. 
Cwm hir, Comehire Abbey, iii, 

11,52. 
Cwm Kidi, Come Kydy, brook, 

iii, 24. 
Cwm Ystwith, iii, 119, 123. 

Dagg Bridge over Meole r., ii, 

81. 

Dales of Yorkshire, iv, 28. 
Dalton, near Beverley, iv, 180. 
Danby Wiske, Yorks, iv, 30, 31. 
Dance of Death, or Dance of 

Paul's, painted at Stratford-on- 

Avon, ii, 49. 
Dane, or Daven r. , Chesh. , iv, 4 ; 

v, 23 ; course of, 25. 
Daraby, i, 76. 
Darent r., iv, 70. 
Darley, C/tes., v, 26. 
Darlington, i, 69; v, 48; priory, 

49; bishop's house there, 129. 
Darlington and Tees banks, sub- 
terranean way between, iv, 84. 
Daron r., iii, 87. 
Dart river and bridge, i, 219. 
Darlington Park and lordship, 

Devon, i, 219; v, 2. 



302 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Dartmoor, i, 219. 

Dartmouth, i, 220, 222, 223; 

castle, 241 ; v, 230. 
Darwen r. , iv, 8. 
Davenport on the Daven, v, 27. 
De, legal indication of certain 

privileged places in a shire, but 

not of it, v, 13, 14 n. 
Deal (Dale), iv, 41, 48. 
Dearne r. , iv, 14. 
Debenham, Suffolk, iv, 101. 
Deddington, ii, 38. 
Dee r., iii, 67, 68, 70, 71, 91, 92; 

v, 25. See Dyvrdwy, iii, 72. 
Deepford, Devon, i, 173. 
Deep Hatch, Cornw., i, 318. 
Deepings, the, Line. , ii, 1 26 ; iv, 

115; Deeping Market, East and 

West, v, 32, 145. 
Deer, red and fallow, iv, 21, 28, 

32, 33- 
Deerhurst, iii, 40; iv, 133, 151; 

abbey, its lands, and its anti- 
quity, 134. 
Deganwy in Creufcyn, iii, 84, 

89. 

Deira, list of kings of, v, 69. 
Deirewauld(waldorweald), Bede's 

name for the site of Beverley, 

v, 39- 
Delamere Forest, v, 25; the Loos 

or dikes, iv, 4. 
De la Pre (Pray), i, 48. 
Delaval Castle, Northumb. , v, 63. 
Delf or Dyke, the King's, Hunts, 

ii, 29. 
Denbighshire brooks or rivers, iii, 

98, 99- 
Denbighshire commotes: 

Is Aled and Uch Aled, iii, 93, 

95- 
Is Dulas and Uch Dulas, iii, 93, 

94- 

Denbigh town, iii, 93, 94. 
Kinmeirch, iii, 93, 94, 95. 

Denbigh, parks near : 
Cors nodiog, iii, 94. 
Moel yr Ewig, iii, 95. 

Denbigh town, iii, 96-98; com- 
mote, 93, 94. 



Dene, Deene, Norlhants, i, 12, 

13, 22, 99. 

Denhall, Cheshire, iii, 91. 
Denney Abbey, v, 218. 
Dent dale and the Dent r, v, 45, 

46. 

Derby, i, 96. 
Derbyshire, market towns, v, 31 ; 

castles, 31 ; rivers, 31. 
Derbyshire, i.e., West Derby Hun- 
dred, Lane., iv, 6; v, 40. 
Deritend, Warm., ii, 96. 
Derivations or meanings of words, 

Leland's attempts at, iv, 119, 

121, 150, 168. 
Derness, alias Deverness r. , i, 72; 

bridges over, 72. 
Derwent r., Yorks, i, 52, 53, 57, 

64; bridges, 44, 45. 
Derwent r. , Lane., v, 44. 
Derwent r., Cumb., v, $i, 52, 54- 
Derwent r., Derby s., course of, v, 

31- 

Derwent r., Northumb., v, 65. 
Derwentwater and its isles, v, 54. 
DeugleSiv lordship, iii, 62. 
Devizes, the Vies, and castle, v, 

81, 82. 
Devonshire, aquae salsae in, iv, 

7 1 : 
Dewi's land, St. David's, iii, 63; 

cantre Dewi, ib. 
Dewi r., iii, 114. 
Didbrook, Glouc., ii, 53. 
Dieulacresse Abbey, v, 24. 
Digby, ii, 18. 
Dinas Castle, iii, 10, 107, no, 

in; iv, 166. 

Dinas Craig, iv, 178; v, 240. 
Dinas Bran Castle, iii, 70, 90. 
Dinas Emeris Castle, iii, 84. 
Dinas Powys Castle, iii, 23; v, 

240. 

Dinevor Castle, iii, 57, 58, 114. 
Dinllaen commote, iii, 80. 
Dinmore Hill, ii, 71; command - 

ery of St. John of Jerusalem, 

71- 

Diserth, Disarte, castle in Flint, 

"i, 93- 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 303 



Dodington, Glouc., iv, 130, 131, 

1335 v, 94- 
Dodman Point, Cornw., i, 201, 

322, 323- 

Dogdyke ferry, Line., i, 29; v, 36. 

Dolbadarn Castle, iii, 79, 84. 

Dolbury, an old camp on the 
Mendips, v, 85. 

D61 Gelle, Dolgelly, iii, 77. 

D61 Vorwyn, Dolveron, iii, 54, 55, 
125. 

Dolwythelan Castle, iii, 84. 

Domesday Book, ii, 164. 

Don r. (Dune), i, 36; iv, 14, 
128. 

Doncaster, i, 34, 58, 88; iv, 14, 
15 ; v, 38 ; Black friars at, i, 35 ; 
ii, 21. 

Donnington, Berks, v, 79; hos- 
pital, i, 112; Castle, ii, 5. 

Donnington, ? Wilts, i, 304. 

Dorchester, Dorset, i, 249, 250. 

Dorchester, Oxon, i, 116-118; 
v, 2; bishopric, list of bishops 
from A.D. 650 till William the 
Conqueror, v, 119, 120. See 
Lincoln. 

Dore, Dour Abbey, in Ewias, 
Here/., ii, 68; iii, 49; iv, 164; 
v I 7Si X 76, 190; famous men 
buried there, 178 ; Castle, iv, 
167. 

Dore, Dour r., and its valley, 
Diffrin Dore, v, 175. 

Dorsetshire, aquae dulces in, 
iv, 71. 

Dorstone Castle, fferef., iv, 166. 

Dosmery pool, Cornw., i, 315, 
318. 

Douglas r., iv, 7, 8; v, 42. 

Doulting, i, 147, 291. 

Dove r., v, 21. 

Dover, iv, 46, 49-51, 64; St. 
Martin's College, 42, 50, 54, 
55 ; relics of King Arthur in the 
castle, 55 ; gates, 63 ; hospitals, 
70 ; fossils in cliffs near the her- 
mitage, ii, 28. 

Dowles r., course of, v, 9. 

Down, Ampney, i, 128. 



Downsend, Devon, i, 223. 
Downton, Wilts, i, 262. 
Doyfcwr, iii, 55. 
Drakelow, ii, 169. 
Draycot, Wilts, i, 133. 
Draycot parish, Staff., ii, 171. 
Drayton Basset, Staff., ii, 103. 
Drayton and Castle, Northants, 

i, 6. 
Drayton, Oxon, i, 116; ii, 12; 

iv, 79. 
Drayton, Salop, ii, 84; v, 12, 16; 

castle, 13. 
Driffield, i, 62. 
Drissiog, iii, 22. 
Droitwich, Dertwiche, ii, 89, 92- 

94; iv, 4; v, 6, 10. 
Dropping Well, Knaresborough, 

Yorks, i, 86. 
Drumburgh fort built from stones 

of the Pict Wall, v, 51. 
Dryburgh Abbey, v, 199. 
Dryslwyn Castle, iii, 57, 114; iv, 

179. 
Dudden or Duddon r., v, 44, 53, 

55 ; D. Sands, iv, 1 1 ; v, 55. 
Dudlebury in Corndale, priory, 

v, 190. 

Dudley Castle, ii, 97 ; v, 10, 20. 
Dudmaston, Salop, iii, 67. 
Duffield Castle, Derbys., v, 31; 

church, 32. 
Dulas r., iii, 93, in; commotes 

in Denbighshire, 93, 94. 
Dulas r. and village, Here/., v, 

175, 177- 

Dulcote, i, 147, 149. 
Dunr.,i, 35. 

Dunedik,? Dundyke, ii, 129, 147. 
Dunesdale, Line., ii, 129, 146. 
Dunevet, Dunneheved, now 

Launceston, i, 325; iv, 119. 
Dunham Massey, iv, 5; v, 27. 
Dunkeswell Abbey, Devon, i, 163. 
Dunmere bridge, Cornw., i, 179, 

183. 

Dunraven, Dounereuen, iii, 27. 
Dunstable, Beds, i, 103; ii, 112; 

iv, 127; v, 7. 
Dunstanburgh Castle, v, 64. 



304 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Dunster, i, 165-167; (priory) a 
cell to Bath, 287. 

Dunwich, remains of ancient 
castle and abbey near, ii, 25 ; 
rages of the sea, 28. 

Durhamshire, market towns, 
castles, abbeys and priories, 
v, 48, 49 ; limits of the county, 
49; pools called Hell kettles, 
iv, 84. 

Durham town, i, 72-75 ; v, 48 ; 
bishop's palace, i, 69; the 
bishops' ducks, iv, 84; priory, 
v, 48 ; limits of the diocese, 
49, 128; historic notes on the 
battle of Neville's Cross, etc., 
from hanging tables, 125. 

Durham cathedral, burials of 
bishops and others, v, 127, 128; 
prebends at Norton on Tees, 
128; historical extracts, chiefly 
as to the bishops and bishopric, 
129-131; the construction of 
buildings and the bringing of 
water to the monastery, 132. 

Durham, bishops of, all in vol. v : 
Gutheard, 131. 
Robert de Insula (Lindisfarne), 

tomb, 127. 
Turgot, Aldun and Walcher in 

one tomb, 127. 
Walcher the Norman, tomb, 

127, 129, 130. 
Edmund and Edred in one 

tomb, 127. 
William de Carileph, tomb, 

127. 
Robert of Graystanes, tomb, 

127. 
Nicholas Ferneham, 132 ; tomb, 

127. 
Philipp, Richard de Marisco, 

tombs, 127. 

Ralph Flambard, tomb, 127. 
Ralph, tomb, 127. 
Geoffry, tomb, 127. 
William II, tomb, 127. 
Hugh de Puisac, 128, 129, 

ISO- 
Walter, 130; tomb, 127. 



Ludovicus Bellemont, tomb, 
v, 127. 

Richard Bury, 131. 

Thomas Hatfield, 131; tomb, 
127. 

John Fordham, 131. 

Walter Skirlaw, 128, 129, 131, 
132; tomb, 127. 

Thomas Langley, 131; tomb, 
127. 

Robert Neville, 131 ; tomb, 127. 

Lawrence Bouth, 131. 

Antony de Bee, 131 ; tomb, 

127. 
Dursley, Glouc., iv, in; v, 96; 

Castle and quarry, iv, 130, 132, 

133; v, 96. 
Dusoch r., iii, 86. 
Dutton, Ches., iv, 74; v, 27. 
Dwarf or Dwery money, iv, 167. 
Dwygyvylchi r., iii, 85. 
Dyffryn, Glamorgan, iii, 34. 
Dyffryn Klwyd, iii, 69. 
Dyffryn Teivi, iii, 118. 
Dyffryn Towy, iii, 58. 
Dyrham, Dereham, Glouc., v, 94, 

99- 
Dysart Castle, constable of, iv, 

84. 

Dyvi, Dovey r., iii, 77, 123. 
Dyvrdw)' or Dee r., iii, 70? 7 2 - 
Dyvri r., iii, 113, 123. 

Eagle Commandery of St. John's, 

Newark, i, 98. 
Eamont r., Westmor., v, 48, 53, 

56, 146. 

East Beck, Yorks, i, 59. 
East Brenton, i, 217. 
Easterlings in Boston, iv, 181. 
East Gate, Durham, i, 70. 
Eastleach, Glouc., 5, 126. 
East Meon, i, 281 ; river, 285. 
Eastnor (Eastenhaul), iv, 133. 
East Tanfield, i, 83. 
Eastry. See Estree. 
Eastwood, Glouc., Park enlarged, 

v, 101. 
Eaton Socon, Beds, castle and 

bridge, iv, 22. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 305 



Eaton, Chesh., v, 27. 

Ebbeney, in Oxney isle, Kent, iv, 

63- 

Ebble r., i, 258. 

Ebbw, Ebouith r., its course, iii, 

13; iv, 84. 
Ecclesbourn r. and its course, 

Derby s., v, 32. 

Ecclesfield in Hallamshire, iv, 14. 
Eccleshall Castle, Staff., ii, 169, 

172; v, 20, 21, 22; large parish, 

29. 

Eccleston parish, Lane., iv, 8. 
Eden r. and bridge, Carlisle, iv, 

345 v, 45, 47, 50, 53, 147. 
Ederne or Geirch r. , iii, 87. 
Edernion commote, iii, 71, 78. 
Edgar, King, evidence of his sole 

monarchy, v, 232. 
Edgcott, near Ban bury, v, 151. 
Edgecroft, iv, 6. 
Edington, Wilts, i, 268; ii, 23, 

24; college or priory of Bon- 

hommes and its endowments, 

24; iv, 1 06; v, 83. 
Efford, Corn-w., i, 176. 
Egerton in Mai pas parish, v, 26. 
Eggleston priory, i, 77, 78; iv, 

29. 

Egluis Ilan, iii, 13. 
Egluis Newith, iii, 17. 
Egluis Tider vab Howel, iii, 

13- 

Egremont Castle, v, 55. 
Egton, Yorks, i, 58. 
Elan, Alen r., iii, 120, 122. 
Elberton, near Chepstow, ii, 63. 
Ele bridge (Lai, Elei), iii, 18, 19, 

2 S- 
Elei r. See Lai. 

Ellenhall, Staff., ii, 169; iv, 129. 
Ellerton, Yorks, iv, 29. 
Ellesborough, Bucks, v, 233. 
Ellesmere, Salop, iii, 74. 
Elmington, Northants, ii, 127, 

146. 
Elmley, Wore., Castle, iv, 126, 

136; college, v, 9. 
Elmley Isle, Kent, iv, 58. 
Elston bridge, ii, 68. 

V. 



Eltisley nunnery, Camb.,\, i; v, 

218. 

Elton, Northants, i, 6. 
Elvel land, High and Low, iii, 

II, 49, 109. 
Elvet, Durh., i, 72-74; v, 130, 

I3i- 

Elwy, Elwyn r., iii, 99, 119. 
Embleton Castle, v, 64. 
Emlyn Castle, iii, 57. 
Emral, Emerhaule, iii, 68. 
Emscote (Edmundscote), Warw., 

ii, 42, 46; v, 151; bridge over 

Avon, 155. 
Enfield chase, iv, 34. 
Engleby forest, Cumb., v, 140. 
Epigrams on William Longchamp, 

Bishop of Ely, v, 174, 175. 
Epte r. (Hepta), Normandy, iv, 

120; v, 205. 

Epworth, Isle of Axholm, i, 37. 
Ercall, v, 18. 
Eresby park, v, 34. 
Erging, Erchenfeld, iii, 47. See 

Archenfield. 
Erliesk, Pont, iii, 15. 
Erme river and bridges, i, 216, 

218; Erme mouth, 222. 
ErmineStreet (for Watling Street), 

i, 98, 99. 
Esher, iv, 85. 
Esk r., v, 44, 50, 51. 
Eskenninge. See Is Kennen. 
Eslington, Northumb., owner of 

land there, v, 58. 
Esmerfield, iv, 155* 
Essex, aquae dulces et salsae in, 

iv, 71. 

Eston, Hants, i, 274. 
Estrat Meuric Castle, iv, 176. 
Estree, Kent, iv, 53, 54 (mod. 

Eastry). 

Etal Castle, Northumb., v, 64, 66. 
Etchells, Ches., ii, 171. 
Eton College, i, 217; ii, 31; suit 

for claimed land, by, iv, 134. 
Evenlode r. , Oxon, v, 74. 
Evercreech, i, 149, 291, 294. 
Evereux, in Normandy, iv, 154. 
Evershot, Dorset, i, 247. 



306 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Evesham, ii, 27, 47, 48, 51, 52, 

53; monastery, 168; old name 

Hetheholme, Hethho, 52, 168; 

Penwortham, acell to the Abbey, 

iv, 8, 9. 
Evesham, battle of, iv, 126; Vale 

of, v, 9. 
Evionyfc commote, iii, 80, 81, 

88. 

Ewelme, Oxon, i, 112, 113; ii, 5. 
Ewenny, Wenny, bridge, iii, 1 5 ; 

river, 28, 33, 37 ; v, 241 ; 

priory, 28, 50. 
Ewias land, iii, 47, 49, 96. 
Ewyas Castle and village, Here/., 

ii, 69; iv, 167; Ewias Harald 

land, Here/., iv, 82; v, 175, 

176; priory, 177. 
Ewias Lacy Castle, Denbighs., 

iii, 96; iv, 167. 
Ewloe Castle, Flint, iii, 93. 
Exe r., i, 168, 169, 298; bridges 

on, 229, 238, 239. 
Exeter, Castle and town, i, 168, 

217, 226-238; library, 230; 

Cathedral Charter, 231, 234, 

238 ; list of bishops, ' 235, 236 ; 

tombs in Cathedral, 226, 227. 
Exeter, "The Pynes," near, ii, 

17- 

Exford, i, 168. 
Exminster, i, 232. 
Exmoor, i, 168, 219. 
Exmouth, i, 224, 225, 232; haven, 

231. 

Eyer., Leic. and RutL, v, 145. 
Eyford Bridge, v, 107. 
Eynesbury (St. Neots), Hunts, 

ii, 29, 127. 
Eynesham, ii, 19. 
Eyton, Hereford*., ii, 75. 
Eyton Castle, Northumb., v, 64. 

Fairford, Glouc., i, 126, 127; iii, 

395 iv, 78. 

PFairlight, Sussex, iv, 113. 
Fairwater, near Llan Dav (Llan- 

daff), iii, 19. 
Fair Well nunnery given to Lich- 

field, ii, 102. 



Fal r., i, 196, 197, 200; bridges 
over, 199. 

Falmouth, i, 191, 321, 322, 323. 

Fareham, i, 282. 

Farleigh - Hungerford Castle, 
Somers., i, 136, 137-139, 285, 
286; v,84, 98 ; chapel of, ii, 162. 

Farleigh, Kent, iv, 45. 

Farnbey, near Leeds, v, 144. 

Fame island and islets, iv, 94, 
123; v, 64, 65, 20 1; birds of 
St. Cuthbert, 201. See Lindis- 
farne. 

Farringdon, Berks, i, 125. 

Faseley, Warw., ii, 105. 

Faversham, iv, 46, 58, 68. 

Fawnhope, Here/., v, 190. 

Fawsley, i, 10. 

Felton and Asschet Castle, North- 
umb., iv, 117. 

Feniton, i, 240, 241. 

Fenwick Castle, Northumb., v, 

65- 

Fernhill, Fernlege, Monmouths., 
iii, 48; v, 1 86. 

Ferra mere, Somers., i, 149. 

Ferriby, i, 52. 

Ferry bridge, i, 42, 88; iv, 13. 

Fights at sea, near Truro, between 
Spaniards and French, i, 198; 
near Sussex between men of 
Fowey and Rye and Winchel- 
sea, 203. 

Filey, i, 59, 64. 

Finchale priory, Durh., v, 49, 
128; bridge over Wear r., 128. 

Finedon, i, 7. 

Fineshade priory, i, 22. 

Finford, ? P'inham, bridge, ii, 108, 
109. 

Fir tree roots in mosses, Cheshire 
and Lancashire, iv, 2, 5, 7 ; in 
bogs, Axholm, v, 6; in Shrop- 
shire, 1 6. 

Fish, freshwater, in Shropshire, 
Cheshire, Lancashire, iv, 1 , 3 ; 
mussels and mullets in Kent, 
iv, 69; bream in Cumbermere, 
v, 16; char in Windermere, 
47; enormous fish found near 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 307 



Dudden Sands, v, 55. See Stock- 
fish. 

Fishbourne, iv, 93. 
Fisherton, Wilts, i, 258, 260, 261 ; 

iv, 98. 

Fishguard, iii, 64, 65. 
Fishing in Cornwall, i, 317, 318. 
Fishtoft, near Boston, iv, 182. 
Five Bridges, Dorset, v, no. 
Fladbury, ii, 15, 47, 53. 
Flam borough Head, i, 51, 61. 
Flaxley Abbey, Glouc., ii, 64 ; v, 

1 60, 190. 

Fleet, Line., ii, 147. 
Fleet brook, Lane. , v, 42. 
Flimston, Flemingeston, Tre- 

fleming, iii, 31. 
Flodden Field, FitzWilliam killed 

at, iv, 128 ; and Eyton Castle, v, 

64. 

Floore, i, IO. 
Fockerby in the Masse, Yorks, ii, 

IS- 

Folke, near Sherborne, iv, 107. 

Folkestone, iv, 42, 43, 44, 46, 49, 
50; Castle yard at, 64; anti- 
quities and coins found, 64. 

Folkingham Castle, i, 25; v, 
223. 

Fonmone Castle, iii, 24; v, 240. 

Ford, Kent, iv, 46, 62. 

Ford Abbey, Devon, i, 243. 

Ford-bridge over Lugg r., ii, 70. 

Ford Castle in Glendale, North- 
umb., v, 64, 66. 

Fording, Wilts, i, 262. 

Fordingbridge hospital, Hants, i, 

273- 

Foreland, the, Kent, iv, 60. 
Forests, Parks, and Chaces : 
Alparc Park, iv, 5. 
Antioch Wood, Stalbridge, iv, 

1 08. 

Bagley Wood, i, 121. 
Belgrave Park, Axholm, i, 37. 
Bere Forest, East and West, 

Hants, i, 284. 
Berkeley, Glouc., parks and 

chaces belonging to, v, 101. 
Bernwood Forest, ii, 33. 



Bishop's Forest, Carmarthen, 

iv, 179. 
Blackmere Park, Salop, iv, 2; 

v, 17. 
Blackmore Forest, Dorset, iv, 

142; charter, perambulations, 

and feoffees of, 106. 
Blackmore Forest, Wilts, v, 

82. 

Bleasdale Forest, iv, 10. 
Blore Park, Staff., v, 22. 
Bothom or Bathan Wood, Dor- 
set, i, 256. 

Bowland Forest, iv, 10. 
Brierley Park, iv, 13. 
Brignel Park, Yorks, iv, 30. 
Buckholt Wood, i, 269. 
Cank Wood or Cannock Chace, 

ii, 102; iv, 82; v, 22. 
Charnwood Forest, or the Waste, 

i, 1 8, 20. 

Chartley Park, v, 24. 
Cheviot Forest, v, 67. 
Clwyd, Cluid, Radnor, ii, 75. 
Coomb Forest, Carmarthen, iv, 

179. 

Crich Chace, v, 31. 
Creole, Line., i, 37, 
Dean, Forest of, Glouc., ii, 63, 

64, 69; iv, 105; v, 159, 160, 

190, 191; ruler of, temp., iv, 

87. 
Delamere Forest, Ches., iv, 4; 

v, 25, 26. 
Engleby Forest, Cumb., v, 

140. 
Ennerdale Forest, Cumb. t v, 

52. 

Exmoor Forest, i, 168. 
Feckenham Forest, Wore., ii, 

50; v, 10. 
Firths or parks, Leicester, i, 20 ; 

Windsor, 108. 
Galtres Forest, i, 54, 65, 66; 

iv, 75- 
Gillingham Forest, iv, 1425 its 

size and feoffees, iv, 107. 
Grafton Park, Wore., ii, 95. 
Grove Park, near Warwick, ii, 

46. 



3 o8 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Forests, Parks, and Chaces con- 
tinued. 

Haseley Park, ii, 46. 

Hatfield Forest, Yorks, i, 36. 

Hexgrave Park, iv, 18. 

Hogstow Forest, Salop, ii, 26, 
27. 

Horwood Forest, Glouc., iv, 

131- 

Inglewood Forest, Cumb., v, 

52. 
Kingswood Forest, Glouc., iv, 

140; v, 93, 95; boundaries 

of, iv, 131. 

Knaresborough Forest, i, 87. 
Langley Chace, i, 75. 
Leconfield Park, iv, 180. 
Lee Forest, i, 21. 
Leicester Forest, i, 19, 20. 
Leighfield Forest, iv, 20. 
Lincote Wood, ii, 68. 
Long Forest, Salop, ii, 80. 
Loughes Forest, Northumb., v, 

6 7 . 

Malvern Chace, v, 10. 
Marlewood Park, Glouc., v, 

100. 

Marwood Chace, i, 77. 
Maxwell Forest, iv, 4, 5 ; v, 

23, 25. 
Melbury Park, Dorset, iv, 73, 

109. 
Mendip Forest deforested, v, 

85- 

Michaelswood Chace, v, 101. 
Middleham Castle, three parks 

belonging to, iv, 26. 
Middleton Forest, Durham, i, 

76. 

Milwood Park, Axholm, i, 37. 
Morfe Forest or Chace, ii, 85, 

86. 
Need wood Forest, Staff., v, 

22. 

New Forest, Hants, 142. 
Newhagg Park, Notts, iv, I "J. 
Nichol Forest, Cumb., v, 5 2 - 
Okington Park, iv, 141. 
Pilkington Park, iv, 6. 
Poynton Park, Ches. , v, 24. 



Prinknash Park, ii, 62. 
Purbeck Forest, i, 253. 
Ridley Park, iv, 3. 
Rivers Park, Petworth, iv, 78, 

93- 

Rockingham Forest, i, 12, 13, 

99; iv, 21. 
Roome Wood, near Worksop, 

i, 89. 

Savernake Forest, v, 79, 8l. 
Selwood Forest, i, 150, 291; v, 

105. 
Seven Hayes Chace, Staff., v, 

22. 

Sheffield Park, iv, 14. 
Sherwood Forest, i, 94. 
Sutton Chace or Park, Warw., 

with four lodges and five 

pools, ii, 97; part of it in 

Staff"., v, 22. 

Tabley Park, Cheshire, iv, 5. 
Tanfield Park, Yorks, iv, 31. 
Teddesley Chace, Penkridge, 

v, 22. 
Thornbury Park, Glouc., v, 

100. 

Ticknell Park, ii, 87, 88. 
Tutbury, four parks belong to 

the Honour, v, 22. 
Walsall Park, v, 23. 
Waterdon Forest, Sussex, iv, 82. 
Wedgnock Park, ii, 46. 
Welsh woods destroyed, iii, 1 1 8. 
Whinfell Park, Westmor., v, 

147. 

Windsor Forest, i, 108. 
Wire Forest, Wore, and Salop, 

v, 10, 17. 

Worksop Park, iv, 17. 
Worth, Forest of, Sussex, iv, 

III. 

Wychwood Forest, v, 73, 74- 
Wyre Forest, ii, 87. 
Wyredale Park, iv, 10. 
Foresthene, Monm., ii, 70. 
Forne point in Britanny, a rocky 
headland east of the He Vierge 
on the coast of Finisterre, i, 
200, 201. 
Forthampton, iv, 136. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 309 



Foss dyke, i, 28, 29, 31, 32; ii, 

147. 

Foss r., Yorks, i, 54, 65. 
Fosse Village, Wilts, i, 133. 
Fosse Way, i, 130. 
Fossils, wood, i, 294; ammonites, 

serpents in stone, ii, 28; v, 103; 

trees, iii, 52, 53; fir tree roots 

in peat moss, iv, 2, 5, 7 ; cockles 

and oysters, v, 95; ? fossil 

prints in cave near Tresgirth, 

Wales, iv, 178. 
Fotheringay, i, 4, 6; Castle, 5, 

27, 99; iv, 92; College, i, 4, 5; 

ii, 30; iv, 134. 
Fountains Abbey, iv, 29. 
Fowey r., course of, and bridges, 

i, 205, 206 ; from Codd Fowey, 

iv, 128. 
Fowey, Fawathe, i, 202-204, 2O 7> 

323, 324; v, 6. 
Fowl, wild, on Fame Island, iv, 

123. 

Framagate, i, 73, 74. 
Framlingham, Suffolk, iv, 101. 
Frankley manor, Wore., ii, 169. 
Fraternities (gilds) : 

Holy cross, Stratford on Avon, 
ii, 49. 

Kalendars in Bristol, v, 91. 

Merchants in Boston, iv, 1 14. 

St. George, Tamworth, ii, 104. 

St. John, Bablake, ii, 107. 

St. John Baptist at Ludlow, ii, 
76-80; their schoolmaster, 77. 

St. Mary, Lichfield, temp,, ii, 

99, 100. 

Fraw r., M6n., iii, 129, 130. 
Fredoll brook, iii, 34. 
Free chapel at Snodhill Castle, v, 

176. 
Freestone quarry at Hamdon, iv, 

73- 
Freiston, Line., ii, 147; iv, 181; 

priory, v, 224. 
Fremington, Devon, i, 298. 
French order, priories of, Gold- 

clif, iii, 45; Monmouth, 49. 
Freshford, Somers., v, 84; bridge, 

98. 



Frestan priory, i, 93. 

Friskney, Line., iv, 181. 

Frith Park, Leic., i, 20; a Frith 

in Berks, 108, 109. 
Frithelstock priory, i, 173, 300. 
Frocester, Glouc., ii, 62; v, 159. 
Frodesley, Salop, iii, 66. 
Frognal, Kent, iv, 87. 
Frome, Fromey, r., Heref.,\\\, 49; 

iv, 165. 
Frome r., Somers., i, 137-139, 

248; course of, and bridges, 

249; iv, 74 ; and tributaries, v, 

97, 98, 191. 
Frome, i, 248, 249; iv, 74; v, 97, 

105, 189; Castle, 191. 
Frosterly, i, 70. 
Fuel, ling, peat, and turf, iii, 118; 

iv, 32. See Coal. 
Fulbourne, i, 20. 
Fulbrook Park and Castle, ii, 46, 

47, 48; v, 155; Bergenney Lodge 

there, 47. 
Furness land, v, 53; Abbey, iv, 

ii. 

Fyfield, Berks, ii, 3. 
Ffrwd Skyvarnog in Llan Dwrog, 

iii, 86. 
Ffynnon Dyvnog, St. Dunock's 

well, iii, 98. 
Fyrreland manor house, near 

Hornby Castle, Lane., iv, 122. 



Gadair-y-Kair Noy, Mdn, iii, 

132. 

Gaddesden village, i, 104; iv, 98. 
Gade r., i, 104; iv, 98. 
Gaflogeon commote, iii, 80. 
Gaiesdine, Essex, v, 168. 
Gainford, Durham, i, 77. 
Gainsborough, i, 32, 33; v, 37, 

173; two tombs in parish church, 

123. 

Gaire bridge, Cornw., i, 194, 195. 
Galmpton, i, 223. 
Galthe Caurde, iii, 21. 
Galtres Forest, i, 54, 65, 66. 
Garabridge, Devon, i, 217. 
Garan r., iii, 47. 



310 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Gardens and ^rchards at Morley, 

Lane., iv, 7. 
Garsdale, v, 45. 
Garstang, iv, 9, 10. 
Garthgynnin, iii, 114. 
Garw, Garow brook, iii, 37. 
Gast or Glaston meadow, site of 

the battle of Tewkesbury, A.D. 

1490, iv, 162. 
Gatacre, Salop, iii, 67. 
Gateshead, i, 74; v, 58, 65, 125. 
Gaunless river and bridge, i, 69, 

70. 

Gawsworth, v, 27. 
Geddington, Northants, i, n. 
Gedney, ii, 129, 146, 147. 
Gele r., iii, 95. 
Gelligaer, iii, 1 8. 
Genealogies, notes of Royal and 

allied noble families, i.e., Ed- 
ward I, II, III, Henry IV, 

Henry V, i, 307-314. 
Gerrans, i, 201. 
Gilds. See Fraternities. 
Gilestoun, iii, 31. 
Gillan creek, Cornw., i, 195. 
Gillesland, Cumb., v, 61. 
Gilling, i, 79. 
Gillingbeck (Ravensworth beck), 

iv, 27. 
Givendale, (?) Yorks, i, 84; three 

tombs and abbots at, 287-290. 
Glamorganshire, confines of, iii, 

15, 16; notes on places in, v, 

237-242. 
Glasbury, Glesbiri, iii, 10, 104; 

castle on the Wye, iv, 165. 
Glascoit hill, Flint., iii, 93. 
Glascwm, iii, 42. 
Glas-ffrwd, Glesrode r., iii, 56. 
Glas-lyn, iii, 88. 
Glasney, Glasnith, college at Pen- 

ryn, i, 197, 226. 
Glastonbury, i, 146, 148; ii, 118; 

v, 5, 105, 107, 109; tombs and 

Abbots at, i, 287-290. 
Glazebrook r., v, 42, 43. 
Gleaston Castle, v, 222. 
Gledding r., iii, 125. 
Glen r., and its course, v, 66. 



Glin lordship, iii, 22. 
Glindama lordship, iii, 108. 
Glendale, Glyndale, Northumb., 

v, 64, 65, 67. 
Gloucestershire, market towns and 

castles in, iii, 39, 99; aqua salsa, 

Southwick, iv, 71. 
Gloucestershire rivers: Avon, iii, 

loo; Churn, 100, 101 ; Isis, 

100. 

Gloucester city and Castle, ii, 57- 
59; "i> 39> ioo; churches, hos- 
pitals, bridges, and gates, v, 
1 58 ; town and monastery burnt 
in 1 2th century, v, 174; Vyne- 
yard, ahouse near, ii, 62 ; bridge, 

63- 

Gloucester cathedral and monas- 
tery, notes from chronicles of 
abbey, ii, 59, 60; other his- 
torical notes, v, 156, 157 ; burials, 
ii, 60, 6 1 ; tombs in the chapter 
house, v, 159; abbots and abbey 
possessions, ii, 60, 6l, 62; iii, 
48; houses of the abbots, v, 158. 

Gloucester, Honour of, its early 
possessors, iv, 152, 153, 154. 

Glyn Corrwg, iii, 16, 34. 

Glyn Lleder, iii, 8l. 

Glyn Llugwy, iii, 81. 

Glyn RhonSa, Rodeney, iii, 20. 

Goats in Lancashire, iv, II. 

Godard's Castle, Kent, ii, 30. 

Godmundham, Yorks, iv, 180. 

Godrevy, Godryve, Isle, i, 317; 
Godrevy Castle ? Revier Castle, 
189. 

Godstow, Oxon, i, 127, 328, 329; 
iv, 76. 

Gogarth, Gt. Orme's Head, iii, 

53, 89- 

Gogurne, Llin, iii, 117. 

Golafre bridge, over Milton river, 
Somerset, i, 149, 291. 

Golant, i, 204, 323. 

Goldcliff Priory, Monm., iv, 134, 
152, 153; v, 148; given to Eton, 
iii, 45 ; under the Abbey of Bee, 
Normandy, iv, 53 ; appropriated 
to Tewkesbury, iv, 160. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 311 



Golforden brook, v, 41. 
Goodrich Castle, Hi, 47; iv, 167. 
Goodwin Sands, iv, 54, 62. 
Gore End, Kent, iv, 53, 60. 
Gosford, Oxon, ii, no. 
Gosport, i, 282. 
Gowerland, iii, 127. 
Goxhill, i, 50, 51. 
Grace Dieu Abbey, near Caer 

Wysc, iii, 50. 
Grafton, Wore., ii, 95; v, 10; 

? county, 222. 
Grain, Isle of, Kent, iv, 48, 52, 

58- 
Grampound, Cornw,, i, 199. 

Grantchester, ii, 167. 

Grantham, i, 24, 26; v, 32, 37, 

38. 

Gravesend, iv, 52, 88. 
Great Baddlesmere, Kent, v, 141. 
Great Barton, Cage Hall in, t$uff., 

ii, 150. 

Great Houghton, Yorks, iv, 13. 
Great Porsand, Line., ii, 147. 
Great Stourr., iv, 37. 
Grecelade, ii, 151, 152, 167. 
Green Castle, Carmarthen, iii, 61 ; 

iv, 180. 
Greenhaigh Castle, Lane., iv, 9, 

10. 

Greenhow, in Blackmore, ii, 6. 
Greens Norton, i, 6. 
Greenwich, West, Sayes Court, iv, 

88. 

Greetham, Rutland, iv, 90. 
Gref Isle. See Gull. 
Grege wood, PCrug, iii, 47. 
Greneston Castle, iii, 23. 
Gresby Castle, Notts, v, 219. 
Gresford, Flint, iii, 69, 70. 
Gresley Castle, Derby 's., ii, 169. 
Gresmont Castle, Monmouth, iii, 

47; iv, 167. 
Greta r., course and bridge, i, 78; 

iv, 28, 30. 

Greta, Westmor., v, 147. 
Grewelthorpe, i, 80. 
Greystoke, Citmb., barony, ii, 7; 

Castle, v, 56. 
Greystone, Cornw., i, 174, 301. 



Gribbin Head(?), i, 202. 
Grimoldby, Grimbleby village, v, 

36. 

Grimsby, iv, 181. 
Grimsthorpe, i, 23. 
Grinton, Yorks, iv, 26, 29, 30. 
Grooby, i, 17, 18, 20. 
Grosmont Castle, ii, 71. 
Guilsborough, Northants, i, 9. 
Guisborough, Yorks, iv, 12. 
Guisnes, Gisney, Genney, iv, 145. 
Gull brook, i, 219. 
Gull Rock (Gref Isle), Cornw., i, 

2co, 201, 323. 

Gunhillymoor, Cornw., i, 320. 
Guyn Castle, Hereford, iv, 167. 
Guy's Cliff, Warwick, legend of 

Earl Guido, ii, 45, 46 ; a charm- 
ing place made by Earl Richard, 

46; v, 150, 153. 
Gwaelod, a cantre lost in the sea, 

iii, 77, 90. 

Gwarnick, i, 181, 185. 
Gwash r. , Line. , course of, iv, 90. 
Gwavas Lake, i, 189, 319. 
Gweek river and bridges, i, 194. 
Gwendraeth vawr and G. vechan 

rivers, iii, 59, 60, 61 ; iv, 178. 
G wentland , Venceland, Wenceland 

or Wentland, iii, 12, 13, 14, 42, 

45. 46, 59- 

Gwenwyn Meirch r., iii, 86. 
Gweun, Gueyn r., iii, 65. 
Gwili r., iii, 117. 
Gwithian, Cornw., i, 190. 
Gwlad = district, iii, 19. 
Gwrtheyrn, nant and craig, iii, 

79, 87. 
Gwrvei, Uch and Is, commotes, 

iii, 78, 79, 82. 
Gwrvei r., iii, 79, 86. 
Gwyfcyr Castle, iii, 85. 
Gwynllwg, Wentllugh, iii, 12, 14. 
Gwyfcerig r., iii, 113. 
Gwythenn, Denbigh*., ii, 121 ; iii, 

99- 
Gynleis, Genles r., iii, 16. 

Habertawe. See Swansea. 
Haccombe, i, 224, 225. 



312 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hackforth, Yorks, ii, 1 6, 17. 
Haggerston Castle, Northumb,, v, 

64, 68. 

Hainton, Line., v, 37. 
Hakesbury Manor, iv, 102. 
Hales Owen priory, Wore., ii, 

86; v, 220; Clent in Cowbach 

near, 220. 

Hallamshire, iv, 14. 
Hallaton, Leic., iv, 21. 
Hallington, Line., ii, 129, 147. 
Halton Castle, Ches., v, 24. 
Haltwhistle, Northtimb., v, 61. 
Hamble, i, 279, 281. 
Hamble r., 279, 285. 
Hamdon Hill, Somerset, iv, 122. 
Hampshire, aqua dulcis, iv, 71. 
Hampton, Old and New, Hants, 

i, 275-278. 
Hampton bridge over Lug r., ii, 

70. 

Hampton Lovett (Court), v, 10. 
Hampton Court, Hereford, ii, 72. 
Hampton Court, Middlx., i, 106. 
Hanbury, Staff., ii, 172. 
Handsworth, v, 21. 
Hanging Langford, Wilts, iv, 100. 
Hanham, Glouc., v, 84. 
Hanley Castle, Wore., iv, 135, 

159, 160; v, 9, 155. 
Hanmer, Flint., iii, 67, 68. 
Hanney, Berks, v, 78. 
Hanslap, Hanslope, manor, 

Bucks, i, II ; iv, 125. 
Hanwell, near Banbury, ii, 40. 
Harberton, Devon, iv, 72. 
Harbottle Castle, Northumb., v, 

62. 
Harbourne r., Devon, course of, 

i, 218, 219, 220. 
Hardnesse, near Dartmouth, i, 

220. 

Hardwick, near Banbury, ii, 40. 
Hardwick upon Lyne, ? Notts, iv, 

15- 

Harewood, i, 44. 
Haringworth, Northants, i, 13, 

22. 

Harlaxton, i, 28. 
Harlech Castle, iii, 77. 



Harley village, Salop, ii, 84. 

Harlsey Castle, i, 68. 

Harmer pool, v, 16. 

Harnham bridge and New Salis- 
bury, i, 258, 259, 267-269, 304 ; 
ii, 28. 

Harold nunnery, Beds, v, 8. 

Harpham in the Wold, Yorks, iv, 
1 80. 

Harpsden, near Henley, Oxon, iv, 
101, 1 60. 

Harptree, East and West, Somers., 
v, 85. 

Harrington, near Spilsby, v, 37. 

Harstane, Derby s., ii, II. 

Harthill hundred, i, 45, 51. 

Hartlake, i, 147, 148. 

Hartland, i, 172; priory, 299. 

Hartland Point, i, 172, 176, 299. 

Hartlebury Castle, Wore., ii, 89; 
v, 9, 228. 

Hartlepool, v, 48 ; Greatham hos- 
pital near, 128. 

Hartley, near Cerne Abbas, iv, 
107. 

Hartpury, Glouc., ii, 62; v, 158. 

Harty, Isle of, iv, 58, 68. 

Harwood, Flint., coals at, iii, 69. 

Haselborough, Haslebury, i, 160; 
iv, 107. 

Haseldene, iv, 101, 102. 

Haseley, Great and Little, Oxon, 
i, 113, 114, 123; ii, 33, no; v, 
232, 233. 

Haseley Park, near Warwick, v, 

155- 

Haslar (Ostrepole), i, 282. 
Hastings, iv, 49, 113, 114. 
Hatfield, Yorks, i, 36. 
Hatfield Broadoak priory, Essex, 

iv, 147. 
Haughmond Abbey, Salop, iv, I ; 

v, IS, 230. 
Haulton, iii, 68. 
Hauxton, i, 327. 
Havant haven, i, 284. 
Haverford, church of St. Thomas, 

iv, 177. 
Haverford West, two priories, and 

monastery at Pill Rose, iii, 51. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 313 



Haverford West, lordship, town, 

and Castle, iii, 63, 65. 
Ha we, near Wigan, v, 41. 
Hawes Water, and Hawes Water- 
beck, with its course, Westmor., 

v, 146. 

Hawkesbury, Warw., v, n. 
Hawkesyard, the, Staff., ii, 171. 
Haxey, i, 37. 
Hay, the, Castle, iii, 10, 42, 104, 

108, no, in; town wall, iv, 

1 66. 

Haydor, i, 25, 26. 
Hayle river and haven, Cornw., 

i, 189, 191, 319. 
Hayles Abbey (Hailes), Glouc., i, 

191; ii, 53; iii, 38, 39,4; iv, 

104; V, 221. 

Hayton, i, 45. 

Hazeldean, Northumb., v, 61. 

Hazlebury, i, 134. 

Healy Castle, Staff., iv, 129. 

Heath cocks on the Clent Hill, v, 
190. 

Heaton Castle, v, 66. 

Hedge-rows of trees, i, 160. 

Heding (Agyding) brook, Lane., 
? part of Glazebrook, iv, 6. 

Hedingham (Hengham) [Hen- 
ham, error], Essex, ii, 25. 

Hedley brook, Northumb., v, 66. 

Hedon, Hedser, Bucks, v, 7. 

Hedon, Yorks, i, 6l, 62. 

Heeley, ? Hele, Yorks, v, 50. 

Heitesbury, Heitredesbury, a lord- 
ship of the Hungerfords, ^Somer- 
set, i, 137, 285. 

Helaugh and priory, i, 44. 

Helford r., i, 194, 195, 196, 320, 
321. 

Helland bridge, i, 178. 

Helmswell, Line., ii, 17. 

Helperby, i, 66; ii, 5. 

Helston, i, 193, 194, 321. 

Hely Castle, Northants, i, 22. 

Hemel Hempstead, Herts, iv, 98. 

Hemingborough, i, 52. 

Hemiok or Hemmick Castle, iv, 

74- 
Hen Dinas, iii, 76. 



Hen Eglws, iii, 130. 
Hen Gastell, iii, 29. 
Hen Wy, iii, 109. 
Henbury Hall, Ches., v, 27. 
Hendre Rossyr, Newborough, 

M6n, iii, 53. 
Henley, Oxon, v, 71. 
Henley-in-Arden, Warw., ii, 51. 
Herberth. See Narberth, iii, 62. 
Hercross Hundred, Yorks, i, 64. 
Herdoel, ? Rhyfc Hywel, iii, 109. 
Herefordshire, extent of, iv, 164; 

rivers in, 165; castles, 165, 167; 

market towns, 166 ; aqua dulcis, 

7i- 

Hereford, Heneford or Heneforth, 
meaning of old name, ii, 65, 66; 
iv, 164, 165. 

Hereford, iii, 48, 103; Castle, ii, 
64, 65; iii, 47; iv, 166; town 
and bridge, ii, 65-69; Black 
Friars, 67 ; bishops and church, 
164; churches in, v, 160, 190; 
story of the Black Friars, 160, 
161; the cathedral burnt by the 
sons of Leofric of Mercia, 162; 
historical notes from Antoninus 
on town and churches, 164, 165 ; 
notes from a book of martyrology 
on gifts and bishops, 165-167; 
Trefawith the Welsh name, 176 ; 
palaces of the Bishops, 184; 
names of monasteries in the 
diocese, 190; limits of the dio- 
cese, 191. 

Hereford, list of earliest Bishops 
preceding Walter, temp. William 
Conqueror, v, 183. 
Hereford, Bishops of, from time of 

William the Conqueror, all in 

vol. v: 

Walter, 162, 183. 
Robert de Loreing, Loreine, 

Loregon, 162, 183; tomb, 

182. 

Gerard, 162, 183. 
Roger Larder (says Malmes- 

bury), 183. 
Reynald, alias Reinelmus, 162; 

tomb, 182, 183. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Hereford, Bishops of, from time of 

William the Conqueror, all 

in vol. v continued. 
Richardus de Capella, 162, 183. 
Geoffry de Clive, 162, 183 ; 

tomb, 182. 
Richard, clerk of the Privy Seal, 

162. 
Robert de Betune, 162, 183, 

188; tomb, 181. 
Robert Lotharing, 165. 
Gilbert Folioth, 162, 165, 183. 
Robert Melun, 162, 163, 183; 

tomb, 181. 
Robert Folioth, 163, 183; tomb, 

181. 
William de Vere, 163, 165, 183, 

184; tomb, 181. 
Giles de Bresa, or Brusa, 163, 

183; tomb, 182. 
Hugh de Mappenor, 163, 183; 

tomb, 182. 
Hugh Folioth, 163, 165, 183, 

184. 
Ralph Maidstone, 163, 164, 

165, 166, 183. 

Peter de Aqua Blancha, a Savoy- 
ard, 163, 164, 183 ; tomb, 182. 
John Brueton, or le Breton, 163, 

184, 185; tomb, 183. 
Thomas de Cantilupe, 161, 162; 

tomb, 163, 165, 184, 185. 
Richard Swinfield, 161, 162, 

163, 164, 184; tomb, 182. 
Adam Orleton, 161, 162, 164, 

165, 184. 
Thomas Chorleton, or Charlton, 

161, 164, 165, 184; tomb, 

182. 
John Trillek, 161, 163, 166, 

184; tomb, 182. 
John Gilbert, 161, 166. 
Lewis Chorleton, 161, 166, 184. 
William Courtney, 161, 166. 
John Tresvaunt, or Trefnaunt, 

161, 166; tomb, 182. 
Robert Marshall, 161, 166. 
Edmund Lacy, 161, 166. 
Thomas Polton, 161, 166. 
Thomas Spofford, 161, 166, 185. 



Richard Beauchamp, 161, 166. 
Reginald Butler (Bulers), 161, 

1 66. 
John Stanbury, 161, 166; tomb, 

182. 
Thomas Milling (Myning), 161, 

166. 
Edmund Audeley, 161, 167 ; 

tomb, 183. 
Hadrian, cardinal of Castille, 

161, 166. 
Richard Mayew, 161, 167 ; 

tomb, 182. 
Charles Bouth (Bothe), 161, 167; 

tomb, 183. 
Edward Fox, 161. 
Edmund Bonner, 161, 167. 
John Skip, 161. 
Herne, Kent, iv, 43, 46, 53, 59, 

69. 

Hertfordshire and Essex, Shere 
lake and river Lea dividing, iv, 

112. 

Hesp Alun, iii, 71. 
Hessle, Yorks, i, 48. 
Hetheholme, ancient name and 

site of Eresham, ii, 52, 168. 
Hewick bridge, Yorks, i, 82, 84; 

v, 139- 

Hexgreave Park, iv, 1 8. 

Hexham, a liberty by itself, v, 68; 
market town, v, 62 ; priory, 65 ; 
Ovingham, cell to, 60; list of 
early bishops, names of first two 
priors, and other church notes, 

71- 

Heyford, Northants, i, 10. 
Heyford, Oxon, ii, no. 
Heyles. See Hayles. 
Hey ley Castle, Staff., v, 20. 
Heytesbury, ii, 163. 
Heywood upon Trent, ii, 169. 
Hichin. See Itchen Stoke. 
Higden brook, Bucks, v, 7. 
Higham, Kent, iv, 88. 
Higham Ferrers, i, 2, 7, 99; iv, 

22, 33. 
Highhead Castle, on Ive beck or 

gill, Cumb., v, 55. 
High Leigh, Ches., v, 26. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 315 



Highworth, Berks, i, 126. 

Hii, or Jona (one of the Hebrides 

isles), monastery of, iv, 94. 
Hilbre Point, Cheshire, iii, 91, 

92. 

Hilcote, Wilts, v, 81. 
Hill Court, Clone., iv, 112. 
Hill Court, near Eccleshall, Staff., 

ii, 172. 
Hillingdon, Middx., ii, 114; v, 

228. 
Hillwood, Sutton Chace, Warw., 

ii, 97- 

Hilton, Durham, ii, 14. 
Hilton, Staff., ii, 170. 
Hinchingbrook, i, I. 
Hinckley Castle, i, 21. 
Hincksey, Berks, i, 125; Hinck- 

sey Ferry, v, 72. 
Hinderskelfe and Castle, i, 56, 57, 

65. 

Kingston Hill, Cornw., i, 315. 
Hinton, Somerset, iv, 72; priory, 

, 139- 

Hinton St. George, i, 160. 
Hipswell, PWiclifs birthplace, 

iv, 28. 

Hirwen Urgan, iii, 16. 
Hoby, Leic., iv, 120. 
Hockington, Camb., ii, 127, 146. 
Hodder r., Lane., v, 44. 
Hodnet, Salop, ii, 84. 
Hodsock park, Notts, i, 89. 
Hogstow forest, Salop, ii, 26, 

27. 

Holbeach, ii, 129, 147; iv, 115. 
Holbeck, Notts, ii, II. 
Holderness, i, 62; iv, 180. 
Holdgate Castle, v, 14. 
Holland, Lane., priory of black 

monks, ii, 21. 
Holland, Line., ii, 148; Low 

Holland, iv, 115. 
Holme, a cell to Montague, and 

bridge, i, 249, 253. 
Holme Castle and hill, Earl of 

Gloucester's house, iv, 134, 137. 
Holme Cultran Abbey, v, 55. 
Holt, Castle and bridge, iii, 69, 

70, 71. 



Holyfield, Essex, iv, 1 1 2, 113. 

Holyhead, Mdn, iii, 131. 

Holy Island monks, Northumb., 
v, 65 ; extent of the shire, 68. 

Holystone in Redesdale, North- 
umb., 3,000 christened there in 
Saxon times, v, 62; nunnery, 
65. 

Holywell, Rutland, i, 23. 

HonSu, Hodni r., Hodeney, iii, 
10, 104, 105, 106, 109. 

Honington, Wilts, i, 258. 

Honiton, i, 240. 

Hook, Hants, i, 279. 

Hooke, Line., ii, 5. 

Hooke Park, Dorset, i, 246; iv, 
72. 

Hook Norton, Oxon, ii, 5 ; v, 73. 

Hope lordship, iii, 71, 73. 

Hopton Castle, Salop, v, 15. 

Hopwas, ii, 103. 

Horham Hall, Essex, ii, 31. 

Hornby Castle, Yorks, i, 72; iv, 
26, 33; v, 134, 221, 222. 

Hornby Castle, Lane., iv, 122; 

v, 45- 

Hornby Grange, iv, 31. 
Horncastle, Line., v, 34, 35. 
Horncliffe, Northumb., v, 66. 
Hornsea, i, 51, 61. 
Horseley, Staff., ii, 170. 
Horsley, East, Surrey, v, 2. 
Horton monastery, Dorset, i, 258. 
Horwel r., Hants, i, 269. 
Hospitals, in Berkshire, iv, 71; 

Buckingham, 71 ; Hampshire, 

7 1 ; Kent, 70 ; Northampton ,71; 

Shropshire, 71; Somerset, 71; 

Sussex, 70. See Jerusalem, 

Order of St. John. 
Hospital of St. John at Ludlow, 

v, 12. 

Hougham, Line., iv, 124. 
Houghton. See Great Houghton. 
Houne r., near Mold, iii, 72. 
Hounslow, ii, 114; Maturin friars 

at, 112; Hounslow Heath, i, 

106, 107. 

Hoveringham ferry, iv, 18. 
How, Herts, ii, 9. 



316 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



How End, Beds, i, 2 ; How 

river, 2. 

How hundred, Kent, v, 219. 
Howden, Howdenshire, Yorks, 

i, 51, 52; v, 49. 
Howel and the harpers, iii, 92. 
Howick Castle, v, 64. 
Hull r. and haven, i, 48, 49; 

bridges, at Frodingham, 62; at 

Holme, iv, 1 80. See Kingston - 

upon-Hull. 
Humber r., i, 48-52, 6l, 62; iv, 

1 80. 
Hungerford, Wilts, iv, 130; v, 

80. 

Hunmanby, Yorks, v, 49. 
Huntingdonshire, boundaries, ii, 

29, 30; forest land, 29. 
Huntingdon Castle, Radnor, iii, 

42. 
Huntingfield Hall, East Braden, 

ii, 149. 
Hurley priory, cell to Westminster, 

v, 71. 

Hurlstone, i, 167. 
Hursley Park, i, 275. 
Hurst Castle, Hants, i, 280. 
Huttoft marsh and creek, Line., 

v, 35, 36. 

Hutton, Yorks, and Park, i, 68. 
Hutton Conyers, Yorks, i, 84; 

v, 39- 

Hutton Castle. See Swinburne. 
Hyde Abbey, Winchester, i, 272, 

274. 
Hythe, Old or West, iv, 46, 49, 

56 ; New, 64, 65. 



Icanhoe, Line., v, 203. 
Iceland, i, 48, 50. 
Ickford bridge, Oxon, ii, 33. 
Idle, or Brier r., i, 37. 
Ightrield, Salop, iii, 66; v, 17. 
Ilchester, i, 151, 155, 156, 297; 

v, 109. 
Ilchester bridge over Yeo r., iv, 

no. 

Ildesley, now Ilsley, Berks, ii, 24. 
Ilton Castle, i, 222. 



Ince, near Wigan, v, 47. 

Inclosure of lands for a park 
cursed, v, 100, 101. 

Ingarsby, i, 20. 

Ingestre Hall, Staff., ii, 171. 

Ingmanthorpe, Yorks, ii, 9. 

Ingmer meadow, mouth of a gut 
to Penrith, v, 56. 

Ingoldsby, i, 26. 

Inis Pir, Caldy, iii, 51, 6l, 62. 

Inispriuen, isle near the Lizard, 
i, 320. 

Inisruyn, British name for Isle of 
Thanet, iv, 53. 

Irford priory, i, 93. 

Irish merchants and Irish yarn, v, 
40, 41. 

Irk r., iv, 6. 

Irnham, i, 24, 26. 

Iron Acton, Glouc., v, 95, 99. 

Iron ore and iron in Mendip, i, 
294 ; mines and forges in Forest 
of Dean, ii, 64; in Stafford- 
shire and Warwickshire, 97 ; 
made in Shropshire, v, 18, 190; 
ore at Walsall, 23; at Horwich 
and Bury, Lane., 43; ore in 
Weardale, 129. 

Irthing r., Cumb., v, 54, 61. 

Irwell r., iv, 5; and bridge, 6. 

Isborne r., ii, 53, 55, 56; v, 221. 

Ise brook, Dorset, i, 305. 

Ise river. See Kettering. 

Isis, Ise river, i, 118, 120-122, 
123, 125, 128, 130; bridges 
over, 1 1 8, 120, 126; course of, 
127; iii, TOO; at Oxford, v, 72. 
See Thames. 

Iskennen, Eskenninge commote, 
Carmarthens., iii, 60; iv, 178. 

Isle r., i, 1 60. 

Islip on Avon, Northants, i, 6. 

Islip, Oxon, ii, no. 

Isuria Brigantum, i, 85. 

Itchen Stoke (Hitchin), Hants, 
i, 274, 280, 281 ; river, ii, 21. 

Ivel r. See Yeo. 

Ivington, Heref., ii, 72. 

Ivy bridge, i, 216. 

Ixning, Suff., ii, 134. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 317 



Jarrow monastery, Durh., v, 49. 

Jersey and Guernsey, iv, 160. See 
Channel islands. 

Jerusalem, Almaric, Patriarch of, 
ii, 158. 

Jerusalem, Order of St. John of, 
i, I, 2, 47; Eagle commandery, 
98; hospital, Winchester, 270; 
commandery of Balsall, near 
Warwick, ii, 45, 158; the chapel 
belonged to the prior in Lon- 
don, 45 ; hospital of, at Here- 
ford, formerly belonged to the 
Templars, 67 ; commandery at 
Dinmore, 71 ; house of, and 
possessions of Templars at War- 
wick, 158; Slebech command- 
ery (Rhodes), Pemb., iii, 63; 
commandery at Beverley, v, 39; 
prior killed at Tevvkesbury fight, 
iv, 163. 

Jervaulx Abbey, i, 80; iv, 21, 31 ; 
v, 139, 141. 

Jews at Tewkesbury, schools for 
conversion of, v, 92 ; in Bristol, 
v, 87. 

Joyous Card Castle, iv, 179. 

Kaedrain, iii, 16, 18. 

Kaere, Caire, iii, 19. 

Kaer Kybi, Holyhead, iii, 131. 

Kaiach, Is and Uch, iii, 17, 18. 

Kalendars, Gild of, in Bristol , v, 9 1 . 

Karregy tyllvaen, Denbigh., iii, 99. 

Kayach brook, iii, 13. 

Kea, Old, i, 198. 

Keer r., iv, II. 

Kefni r., Mdn, iii, 133. 

Kegid in Evionyfc, iii, 85. 

Keldhead manor, i, 64. 

Kellaways, i, 135 

Kelston, Wills, v, 84. 

Kemmes, Abbey of St. Dogmael, 

Pembroke, ii, 27. 
Kemmesland, Pembroke, iii, 65, 

123- 
Ken brook or river, Heref., ii, 73; 

iii, 49 ; iv, 165. 
Kenchester and Offa's palace, iii, 

48, 102; iv, 167. 



Kendal, ii, 7; iv, 12, 75; Castle 
and park, v, 46, 47; Castle 
[birthplace of Catherine Parr], 
how it came to the Parr family, 
v, 223. 

Kenffig r., Glouc. t iii, 29; v, 241 ; 
borough, iii, 29 ; burnt in twelfth 
century, v, 174. 

Kenilworth, ii, 167; Castle, 109; 
iv, 104 ; v, II; Tancrevilles 
buried in the priory chapter- 
house, iv, 128. 

Kenlet r., iii, 40, 54. 

Kennen r., iii, 59; iv, 178, 179. 

Kennet river and bridge, Berks, 
i, no, in. 

Kennet r., Lane., v, 44, 46; its 
course, 47. 

Kennet r., Wilts, iv, 130; v, 
79, 81. 

Kenninghall Place, Norf., iv, 120. 

Kenor on Severn, i, 189. See 
Conner. 

Kent, its commodities and virtues, 
i y > 57 the Key of England, 
pref. p. vi, 47, 57 aquae dulces 
et salsae in, 70; hospitals, 70; 
houses of religion, v, 192. 

Kent r. , Westmoreland, iv, 12. 

Kentish town, near London, iv, 79. 

Kentmere, Kenmore, source ot 
the Kennet, Westmor., v, 46. 

Kenton, Devon, i, 231, 232. 

Kensan. See Car van. 

Kensdale in Cotswold, iii, 39. 

Kenwyn river and bridge, Truro, 
i, 198. 

Kerikennen, Carmarthen, iii, 57. 

Keriog r., iii, 72. 

Kerrig y Drudion, iii, 94. 

Kerry, Kery, Forest and lord- 
ship, Montgom., iii, 54, 55 ; 
iv, 167. 

Keswick, source of the Derwent r., 

v, 44, 54- 
Kesteven, Line., i, 26; ii, 129, 

147; v, 32, 33, 36. 
Kettering, i, 1 1 ; iv, 22. 
Kettering river [Ise] and bridge, 

i, 7, ii. 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Ketton, Northants, iv, 90; v, 

145- 

Keven Du, iii, 71. 
Keven Glas, iii, 19. 
Keven Gwyn, Guingil, iii, 20. 
Keven y Castell, iii, 126. 
Keven On, iii, 17. 
Keviliog, iii, 54, 5$, 77. 
Kew, iv, 86. 
Kexby, i, 44, 45- 
Keynsham, Cainesham, Somers. , 

town and bridge, v, 102, 103; 

early priory, iv, 139, 153 ; 

monastery and its possessions, 

v, 92, 96. 

Kibwr, Kibworth, iii, 17. 
Kidderminster, ii, 86, 87; v, 

220. 
Kidwelly priory, a cell to Sher- 

borne, Dorset, iii, 51, 59; town 

and lordship, 59, 60, 6 1 ; iv, 

1 68, 178, 179. 

Kidwyn, Kidowen, iii, 54, 55. 
Kilgerran, iv, 168, 174. 
Kilgram, v, 139. 
Kilgwri, iii, 91. 
Killerby Castle, near Catterick, 

ruins of, Yorks, iv, 26; v, 

145. 

Killhope r., i, 71. 
Killinghall, Yorks, v, 143. 
Kilmington, Devon, i, 244. 
Kilpeck Castle, iii, 47; v, 175; 

priory, 185, 190. 

Kimbolton Castle, i, 2 ; priory, 2. 
Kinderton, v, 30. 
King-game at Bath, annual, at 

Whitsuntide, i, 144. 
Kings of England and royal 

families, notes from genealogies 

of, i, 307-312. 
Kingsbridge, i, 222. 
Kingsbury, Warw., v, 21. 
King's Cliffe, i, 22. 
Kingsland village and bridge, 

Hereford*., ii, 73, 74, 75, 
King's Norton, Wanu., ii, 96. 
King's Sutton, Northants, ii, 35, 

38- 
Kingsteignton, i, 221, 225. 



Kingsthorpe, Northants, i, n. 

Kingston, Somerset, i, 160. 

Kingston-upon-Hull, i, 47-51, 55, 
6 1, 62; v, 39. See Hull r. 

Kingston Lacy, i, 256, 257. 

Kingston - upon -Thames, corona- 
tions at, i, 328; iv, 85, 86; 
three hams belong to, Peters- 
ham, Richmond, and Kew, 86. 

Kingswear, i, 222, 223. 

Kingswood, Glouc., monastery of 
St. Mary, iv, 101, 102; the 
Forest, v, 93, 95 ; its bound- 
aries, iv, 131. 

Kington, near Thornbury, ii, 60. 

Kinmeirch, iii, 94. 

Kinvar or Kinfare, v, 220. 

Kirby Bellars, priory, iv, 19. 

Kirby Lonsdale, Lane., v, 45. 

Kirby park, Leic., i, 20. 

Kirby village on the Wiske, Yorks, 
i, 67; iv, 30. 

Kirkby Malzeard, i, 80; v, 143. 

Kirkby Misperton, i, 57. 

Kirkham, Yorks, i, 56; priory, 
64, 90-93 ; iv, 33. 

Kirklington, iv, 18. 

Kirk Oswald Castle, Cumb., v, 



arkst 



Kirkstall Abbey, Yorks, v, 38, 

39- 

Kirkstead Abbey, Line., v, 36. 
Kirton, Line., iv, 115. 
Kismeldon, Devon, i, 173. 
Knaith on Trent, i, 32. 
Knaresborough, i, 85; v, 144; 

Castle, Priory, and Dropping 

well, 86, 87; iv, 71; bridge 

over the Nid, v, 143. 
Kneeton, Yorks, iv, 28. 
Knepp Castle, Sussex, ii, 12. 
Knightley, Staff., ii, 170. 
Knighton, Trebuclo, Trev yclawS, 

Radnor, ii, 78; iii, 10, 41. 
Knockin Castle, Salop, v, 14. 
Knoll-bury encampment, Oxon, v, 

74- 

Knowsley park, Lane. , v, 42. 
Knutsford, v, 24; mere, 26. 
Kyllel rill, iii, 63, 64. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 319 



Kyloe, Northwnb., antiquities 

found there, v, 55. 
Kyme house and park, Cfies., v, 

32- 

Kymmer Abbey, iii, 77. 
Kynon, Kenon, iii, 19, 20. 
Kynvyn, iii, 78. 

Lackford, Suff., fishing rights 

from Sidelesmere, ii, 149. 
Laden r., Glouc., course of, v, 

95- 

Lai, Lay, Ley, Elei, r. , iii, 18, 
19, 20, 21, 33,37; v, 238,239; 
castles near, 240. 
Lakes in Wales : 
Anavon, Mam Avon, iii, 83, 

8 S . 

Bala dew-lyn, iii, 82. 
Cerrig Llwydon, iii, 122. 
Cowlyd, iii, 83. 
Craignant, iii, 121. 
Craig-nawllyn, iii, 56, 119, 120. 
Cravnant, iii, 83. 
Cwellyn, iii, 82. 
Dan gader yr Eurwrychyn, iii, 

82. 

Dinas Emrys, iii, 82. 
D61 Badarn, iii, 82. 
Dolwithelan, iii, 83. 
Dulyn, iii, 83. 
Du, iii, 121. 
Dwythwch, iii, 82. 
Eigieu, iii, 83. 
Elsi, iii, 83. 
Enog, iii, 83. 
Ffynnon y gwas, iii, 82. 
Gerionith, iii, 83. 
Glaslyn yn y Wyfcva, iii, 82. 
Gogurne, iii, 117. 
Gorlan, iii, 120. 
Gronn, iii, 120. 
Gweryfcon Vawr, and Vechan, 

iii, 121. 

Gwynan, Gwynant, iii, 82. 
Gynnon, iii, 122. 
Helignant, Lignant, iii, 120, 

122. 

Hlr, iii, 120. 
Idwalle, iii, 83. 



Llanbeder, iii, 121. 

Lleder, iii, 83. 

Llinpeder, PPencarreg, iii, 117. 

Llin y Gors, iii, 121. 

Llinnyrythe, y Rhyd, Ridde, 
iii, 118, 121. 

Llin y Vigin velen, iii, 120, 121. 

Llugwy, iii, 83. 

Llydaw, iii, 82. 

Ogwen, iii, 83, 85. 

Peris, iii, 82. 

Riscog, iii, 83. 

Syva$an,iii, 104. ^^Seuathan. 

Tarthennyne, i.e., Cwellyn, iii, 
82. 

Teivi, iii, 119, 124. 

Terwenyfc, iii, 84. 

Winge (PWyre), iii, 122. 
Lambley, nunnery on South Tyne, 

v, 65. 
Lambourn, Chepping, Berks, v, 

79- 

Lambourn r., v, 79. 
Lamorran, near Truro, i, 199. 
Lamphey, Llanffyfc, iii, 115. 
Lancashire, five or six shires or 

divisions in, v, 40-45. See West- 
morland. 

Lancaster, v, 45; Castle, iv, n. 
Lanchester, Dur., v, 66. 
Landamas Castle, here/,, iv, 167. 
Lanercost Abbey, Cumb., v, 54, 

61. 

Langar village and house, iv, 19. 
Langdon, Kent, iv, 49. 
Langfield dale, Salop, v, 17. 
Langham Castle, Notts, v, 1 34. 
Langley, ii, 3, 4; in Derbyshire, 

14; in Herts, \, 104; Friars 

Langley, 234. 

Langley Abbey, Norf., iv, 95. 
Langley beck, Durh., i, 76; 

chace, 75, 77. 
Langley Castle, Northumb. , v, 49, 

74- 
Langport, Somerset, i, 156; v, 

109. 

Langrick, Line., i, 29. 
Langtoft, Line., ii, 129, 147. 
I^nlithan. See Llan Bleian. 



320 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Lanlivery, i, 205. 
Lannhadein, iii, 63. 
Lanteglos, i, 207. 
Lanthony priory, Glouc., ii, 63. 
Lantiant pill, i, 204. 
Lantrissant. See Llantrissent. 
Lanyhorne Castle and creek, i, 

199. 

Lastingham, Yorks, v, 204. 
Latchford, i, 113. 
Lathom, Lane., v, 40, 41. 
Latin forms of some northern 

names, iv, III. 
Laugharne, iii, 57, 58; Castle, v, 

50. 

Laughton, near Axholme, iv, 128. 
Launceston, i, 173-175, 301, 302, 

325; tombs of priors, 175. 
Laund priory, Leic., i, 21 ; iv, 20, 

21. 

Lavendon priory, v, 8. 
Laycock, Wilts, i, 134. 
Lazar chapel at Hereford, ii, 67 ; 

at Worcester, 90. 
Lazar houses, at Totnes, i, 218; 

at Bridport, 246. 
Lea r. (Luye or King's Stream), 

course and arms, iv, 1 1 2, 113. 
Leach r. (Northleach water), i, 

126. 
Lead mines, iii, 123; ore, iv, 26, 

32; in Weardale, v, 129. 
Leade, Yorks, i, 43. 
Leadon r., Here/., v, 184. 
Learn r., and bridge, ii, 109; 

course of, v, ii. 
Lechlade, i, 126, 127; ii, 151, 

167. 
Leconfield, Yorks, i, 45, 46; iv, 

1 80; v, 49. 
Ledbury, Here/., hospital of St. 

Catherine, v, 165, 184; bishop's 

palace, 184, 187. 
Lediate Moss, iv, 7. 
Ledwiche brook, ii, 78, 79.; v, 

17- 

Lee, near Ross, iv, 164. 
Leebotwood, ii, 81. 
Lee Brockhurst, v, 16. 
Lee Mill bridge, Devon, i, 216. 



Leeds Priory, Kent, iv, 43; v, 
171. 

Leeds, Farnbey near, v, 144. 

Leeming village and beck, iv, 30. 

Leen river and Nottingham bridge, 
i, 94-96. 

Legin. See Llyn. 

Leicester, i, 14-17, 96; Castle, 
15 ; Newark Collegiate Church, 
15, 16; Broadgate, Marquis of 
Dorset's house near, ii, 98 ; 
bishopric joined to Dorchester, 
v, 1 20. 

Leicestershire, parks in, i, 18, 
20. 

Leighton Bromeswold, i, 3, 99. 

Leighcomb, Glouc., iv, 81. 

Leighfield, Leic., i, 22; Forest, iv, 
20, 21. 

Leigh parish, West Derby hun- 
dred, Lane., iv, 7- 

Lelandshire, or Leyland hundred 
and parish, Lane., iv, 7* v, 44. 

Leland, John. See Index I, and 
Religious houses. 

Lelant, Uny, i, 192, 316, 317. 

Lelant r., i, 317, 320. 

Lemington, Glouc., iv, 79. 

Lemon r., Devon, i, 221, 222. 

Lentwardine, ii, 78, 79 n. 

Leominster, Limstre, Llinlini, ii, 

70, 72, 74, 75 5 "i> 42, 48, 49 5 
iv, 165, 166; meaning of name, 
124; Comfort castle near, ii, 
68, 75; ancient nunnery there, 
73; v, 190, 238. 

Lepers. See Lazar. 

Lerryn creek and bridge, i, 206. 

Lesnes Abbey, Kent, iv, 74. 

Levedon, near Oundle, iv, 97. 

Leven r., Lane., v, 44. 

Levensbridge, Westm., \, 47. 

Levine Pole, Cornw., i, 197. 

Lewston, Dorset, iv, 142. 

Liberal sciences at Stamford, iv, 
89, 90. 

Library at Bury St. Edmunds, ii, 
148; in Lichfield Cathedral, ii, 
1 02. 

Lichfield, ii, 99-103; Castle, 99; 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 321 



v, ig ; cathedral, ii, 101, 102 ; 
steward of, 172; archbishop, 
84; hermit bishop, 84; addi- 
tions to the church, v, 18. 

Lichfield and St. Chad, bishopric, 
ii, 158- 1 60 ; palace of the bishop, 
v, 21 ; possessions of the bishop- 
ric, 22. 

Lidd r., Cumb., v, 50. 

Liddel Strength, Cumb. , fight with 
the Scots there, v, 50. 

Liddington, i, 22. 

Lilford upon Avon, i, 6. 

Lilleshall Abbey, v, 15. 

Limbrook nunnery, v, 190. 

Limerock priory, Heref., ii, 70, 
73; bridge, 73. 

Limington, Somerset, i, 156, 157, 
297. 

Lincoln, the town and suburbs, 
i, 28-3 1 ; early nunnery, v, 
123. 

Lincolnshire, East, sketch map of, 
showing Northlode and Barlode 
lakes, iv, i8i. See Facsimile. 

Lincolnshire, market towns, v, 
32-35; rivers and brooks, 36; 
gentlemen in the county, 37, 

38. 

Lincoln bishopric (continuance of 
Dorchester, etc.), list of bishops 
from Remigius to John Long- 
land, temp., v, 120, 121. 

Lincoln cathedral, burials there 
include Bishops Burwash, St. 
Hugh, Fleming, Sutton, Chad- 
worth, Russell, Longland, 
Thomas, Grosteste, Repington, 
Weke, Dalberby, and Gynwell, 
v, 121, 122; description of the 
church, 123. 

Lincote Wood, ii, 68. 

Lindis r. (Witham), course of, 
bridges and ferries, i, 29, 31 ; 
v, 33, 34, 36 ; called Ree, Rhe, 
or Rea, v, 36. 

Lindisfarne and its bishops, i, 74 ; 
iv, 94; possessions given by 
Kings Egfrid and Ceolwulph, 94, 
95- 
v. 



Lindley, near Spofforth, Yorks, 

v, 50. 

Lindridge, Wanv., ii, 97. 
Lindsey marsh, crops there, v, 

34, 36. 

Lingfield College, Surrey, iv, 118. 
Linton Abbey, i, 94. 
Lipyeate, Glouc., iv, 81. 
Lire in Normandy (dept. Eure), 

v, 190. 

Liskeard, i, 208, 209. 
Litcham, Norf., iv, 116. 
Little Billing, ii, 23. 
Littleborough, Line., i, 32. 
Little Bytham, i, 23. 
Littlehampton, Suss., iv, 93. 
Little Hampton, Glouc., v, 221. 
Liverpool, iii, 92 ; v, 25, 40, 41. 
Lizard Point, i, 320. 
Llai, iii, 70. 
Llan Andras, or Presteigne, iii, 

10, 41. 

Llan Armon, Yale, iii, 70, 71. 
Llan Badrig, iii, 132. 
Llanbadarn, Kinocus or Cynoc, 

Bishop of, ii, 167. 
Llanbedr, Brecknock, iii, 109. 
Llanbeder Goch, M6n, iii, 133. 
Llanbeder, Monmouth, iii, 14. 
Llan Beris, iii, 81. 
Llan Blefcian, Lanlithan, iii, 31, 

32; castle, v, 238, 241. 
Llancanery ? Castle, iv, 179. 
Llan Carvan, Clam., iii, 25 ; v, 

238- 

Llan Dav, Llandaflf, iii, 17, 18, 
19; commote, 18, 25; Castle, 
v, 239. 

Llan Degla, Yale, iii, 70, 71- 

Llan Deilo vawr, iii, 58 ; iv, 179. 

Llan Dewi, iii, 57, 109, 112; river, 
iv, 179. 

Llan Dinam, iii, 125. 

Llan Dough, iii, 31, 33. 

Llandovery, Llan-ym-dyvri, Llan- 
ameveri, Brecknock, iii, 112, 
113, 121, 122. 

Llanddowror(Llanandeuery), Car- 
mar., here mistaken for Llan- 
dovery, iii, 57, 115; iv, 177 ?. 



322 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Llan Dyvodwg, iii, 28. 

Llan Egwestyl, Yale, iii, 70, 71, 

90. 

Llan Elli, iii, 59, 60. 
Llan engan Brennine, iii, 87, 88. 
Llanerchymedd, Mdn, iii, 130. 
Llanfihengle (near Machen, Man- 

mouths.), iii, 13. 

Llan Geinor, Llanginivre, iii, 28. 
Llan Gollen, iii, 90. 
Llan Gurig, iii, 114, 122, 124, 

125. 
Llan Idloes, Llanindelas, iii, 12, 

54, 55, 125. 
Llanigon, iii, 108. 
Llangynwyd Castle, Glam., v, 

242. 
Llan Isen, iii, 17; Abbot Cuhe- 

lin, iv, 1 68. 
Llan Lleyr nunnery, Cardigan, 

"i, 51, 52. 
Llan Nevyfc, iii, 98. 
Llan Peder Castle, v, 240. 
Llan Rhaiadr, iii, 94, 98. 
Llan Rhystud, iii, 124. 
Llan Rian, iii, 65. 
Llan Sannan, iii, 98, 99. 
Llan San Ffred, three churches, 

iii, 34, 123; abbot, iv, 168; 

castle, iv, 167. 
Llan Sawyl ferry, iii, 1 5. 
Llan Stephan on Towy r., iii, 57, 

58, 61, 62; iv, 179; Castle, 

176. 

Llanternham Abbey, iii, 45, 50. 
Llanthony, Llanthonddye, Lan- 

hodeny priory, iii, 10, 106 ; v, 

1 88. 

Llan Deiniol vab, iii, 129. 
Llan Dewi Brevi, iii, 57, 117, 

118, 123; v, 238. 
Llanthew, Brecknock, iii, 109, 1 12. 
Llantrissent Castle and craig, iii, 

20; v, 240; y Gigvran tower, 

21; Glinog park, 21 ; church 

appropriated to Tewkesbury, 

iv, 157- 
Llantwit major, Llan Iltuit, Lanil- 

tute, Glam., iii, 27, 32, 33; v, 

238, 240. 



Llan Vaes, iii, 27, 105, 133. 
Llanvair, iii, 21. 
Llanvair Discoed, iii, 44. 
Llanvair Pwll Gwyngyll, Menai, 
iii, 129. 

Llanvairvechan r., iii, 85. 

Llanvihengel Cathedine, Breck- 
nock, iii, 107. 

Llanvihengle, Glamorg. , iii, 30, 32. 

Llan Vorda or Morda, iii, ^6. 

Llan Wnda, iii, 65. 

Llan Wonni, iii, 22. 

Llanwordell, iii, 55. 

Lie Craig Castle, Carmarthen*. , 
iv, 178. 

Llechwefc issa and uchacommotes, 
iii, 79. 

Lligwy r., Mdn, iii, 133. 

Llivon r., iii, 86; in M6n, 134. 

Lloen Egrin, near Mold, iii, 73. 

Lluid Coite, iii, 16. 

Llwch Tawe, iii, 109. 

Llwchwr, Lochor r., iii, 60, 61 ; 
castle, 127. 

Llwydarth Forest, iii, 63. 

Llwyn hen dinas, iii, 76. 

Llyn, iii, 52, 80, 81, 88. 

Llyn at Bodvel, iii, 85. 

Llyn Tegid or Bala lake, iii, 78. 

Llynrithe, iii, 118. 

Llyntegowen, iv, 178. 

Llyn y Dywarchen, iii, 79. 

Llyvni, Lleveney r., iii, 10, 34, 
37, 86, 104, 108; its course, 
no. 

Llys Gwenllian, Denbigh*., iii, 

95- 

Llysworney, Llesbroinuith, iii, 27, 

33-. 

Lockington, i, 58. 

Loddon river and bridges, i, 106. 

London, St. John of Jerusalem has 

property at Upleadon, Here/., 

v, 184. 
London: start from, i, 107; Cnp- 

plegate nunnery, afterwards 

Elsing hospital, ii, 29 ; Maryle- 

bone and St. James' Park, 114; 

St. Bartholomew's priory, 16; 

David Yn, i.e. Thavies Inn, iii, 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 323 



75 ; Hart Lane and .Tower 
Street, iv, 34 ; Thames Street 
and New Fish Street, 86 ; Char- 
terhouse Church, 100; St. 
Sepulchre's Church, 101 ; Au- 
gustine Friars, 105 ; Bishops 
Hall at Bethnal Green, 117; 
St. Mary Overey, Southwark, 
128; Exeter Place and Hall, v, 
3 ; Durham Place, 60 ; St. Mary 
Mounthaw, Broken Wharf, and 
house, 166, 183; Stroud Place, 
228; Goldsmiths Hall, 233; 
the city burnt from west to east, 
207. 

London Bridge and chapel there- 
on, contributions towards build- 
ing, v, 6. 

Long Ashton, near Bristol, v, 80. 

Longford, Middx., i, 107. 

Longleat priory, Wilts, ii, 163. 

Longnor, Salop, iii, 66. 

Long Itchington, Warw., v, 208. 

Longtown Castle of Ewias, iv, 
167. 

Lonsdale, v, 45. 

Loo Pool, i, 193, 194, 320, 321. 

Looe Creek, i, 207, 324, 325. 

Looe, East and West, i, 208, 
324- 

Loose r. and village, Kent, iv, 

45- 
Lostwithiel, i, 205, 323; note of 

charters of liberties of, i, 235. 
Loughborough, i, 14, 18, 19; 

park, 20; v, 222. 
Louth, Lint., v, 35, 36. 
Louvain, Mr. Bane in, ii, 145. 
Low r., Nortkumb., v, 66. 
Lowestoft, ii, 25. 
Lowther r., v, 48, 146. 
Loxley, Staff., ii, 171. 
Luckington, Wilts, i, 130. 
Lude r., Line., its course, v, 36. 
Ludgvan, Ludewin, i, 189. 
Ludlow, town and bridge, ii, 76- 

80; iii, 50; iv, 164; Ludeford 

suburb, ii, 78, "jgn., and the 

marches of Wales, iv, So; St. 

John's Hospital there, v, 12. 



Lugg r., ii, 69, 70, 72, 73; iii, 10, 

41, 48, 49; iv, 165. 
Luggershal and Castle, v, 6. 
Luggun brook, iii, 112. 
Lug Harneis lordship, iii, 41. 
Lugubalia, Celtic name for Car- 
lisle, iv, 94, 115; v, 52. 
Lugwardine, ii, 70; iv, 115. 
Lulworth, West and East, i, 253, 

255; iv, 118. 
Lumley Castle, i, 74. 
Lundy isle, i, 299; iii, 117. 
Lune r. (Lane), iv, 122; and 

bridge, 1 1 ; its course, v, 45. 
Luton, iv, 34, 121; v, 7; Somer- 

rise House, iv, 121, 122. 
Lutterworth, i, 19; v, 222. 
Lydd, Kent, iv, 49, 67. 
Lydlinch, Dorset, iv, 107. 
Lyme r. (?), i, 244. 
Lyme Regis, i, 244, 245. 
Lyminge, iv, 49. 
Lympne or Lymne (Lynhil), iv, 

46, 49, S 6 , 64; river, 56, 63; 

fortress and Court of Shepway 

(Cinque ports), 65, 66. 
Lynebrook (Marches of Wales), 

iii, 48. 
Lynn, iv, 115; House of Friar 

Preachers, i, 93. 
Lynher river and bridge, i, 209, 

210, 211, 324. 
Lyonshall, Here/., ii, 69; Castle, 

iv, 1 66. 
Lytchett, i, 254, 305; Matravers, 

v, 4. 
Lytham, iv, 7. 



Mablethorpe, Line., v, 37. 
Machen, Maghen, iii, 13, 14. 
Machynlleth, Mahenthle, Mahen- 

clif, iii, 12, 54, 77, 122, 123. 
Mackney, Berks, i, 120. 
Madua Castle, Carmarthens., iv, 

1 68. 

Maelor, English, iii, 67-69. 
Maelor Gynvraeg, iii, 71. 
Maelor, Welsh, iii, 67 ; or Brome- 

feld, 69-71. 



324 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Maen Bugail, West Mouse isle, 
Mdn, in, 132. 

Maenan, Cairmainan, iii, 84. 

Maenor Pir, Manorbier, iii, 61, 
116. 

Maer village, Staff., v, 16. 

Maes Hyveidd, iv, 177. 

Maiden Bradley, Wilts, ii, 87 ; v, 
97, 220. 

Maiden Castle, Yorks, iv, 31, 32; 
v, 147. 

Maidenhead, Berks, i, 108, 109; 
v, 232. 

Maidstone, ii, 30; iv, 38, 45, 62; 
town and castle, 47. 

Mais glas, Mais glase, iii, 15. 

Maldon, merchant of, iv, 87. 

Malleting, in Altoft parish, Yorks, 
iv, 91. 

Malltraeth, Mdn, iii, 133, 134. 

Malmesbury, i, 130-133; v, 200. 

Malpas, Ches., iv, 4; v, 30. 

Malton, Yorks, i, 44, 45, 57, 59 ; 
Castle, 57; priory, 28, 57, 
64. 

Malvern, hills and priory, ii, 91, 
92, 164; possessions of Here- 
ford bishopric there, v, 184. 

Manchester, iv, 4, 5, 6; old Man- 
castle, 6; trade in Irish yarn, 
v, 41. 

Mangotsfield, Gloue., iv, 131; v, 

94- 

Manningford, Wtlts, v, 81. 
Mansfield, i, 90, 93, 94; iv, 15, 17. 
Mansion, Dorset, iv, 108. 
Mapelart or Mapherald Castle, 

Here/., iv, 166, 167; v, 177. 
Maps or charts, iv, 125 ; v, 44. 
Marazion, i, 188, 319. 
March, Yorks, i, 86. 
March ap Meirchion, iii, 99. 
Marches between England and 

Scotland, v, 62. 
Marches of Wales, Chancellor of, 

ii, 70; privileges of certain 

lordships and castles, v, 13, 

14, . *. 

Marden, Heref., iii, 104; v, 186. 
Mardon Castle, Hants, i, 275. 



Margam, Morgan, Abbey, Glam. , 

iii, 15, 29, 51; v, 174, 241. 
Margate, iv, 60, 6l. 
Markby priory, Line., v, 37. 
Market Warsop, i, 90. 
Market Weighton, i, 45. 
Markingfield, Yorks, v, 145. 
Markyate Street, i, 104. 
Marlborough town and Castle, iv, 

130. 
Marlow, Great and Little, i, III; 

Little, ii, 20. 
Marrick town and priory on the 

Suale, iv, 29; v, 135. 
? Marros or St. Mary's, Pembr., 

iii, 63. 
Marsh Chapel dock, Line., iv, 

181. 
Marsh manor, near Bruton, 

Somers., v, 219. 
Marshfield nunnery, Glotte., iv, 

139; v, 96. 
Marshfield, Maerum, Mairin, 

Monm,, iii, 15. 
Marske village, near Richmond, 

Yorks, iv, 28, 30. 
Marteres(P), Marmonstier Abbey 

at Tours, to which Fulk Paynel 

gave land in Bucks, i, 25. 
Martin Poole, Montgom., iii, 40; 

Martin Castle, Pembr., iii, 63. 
Marlon, Line., \, 32; Warw., ii, 

109. 
Marylebone brook, near London, 

ii, 114. 
Marwood Park and chace, Durh. , 

i, 77- 
Masham, Yorks, i, 80; ii, 2; v, 

145; bridge, v, 139. 
Masse, the, Yorks, ii, 15. 
Massingham, iv, 96. 
Mathern, iii, 43, 44. 
Malhravel Castle, Powisland, iii, 

52- 

Mallersey, Notts, i, 33. 
Mallesfield, Wore., iv, 8l. 
Malurin friars (Order of St. Trin- 
ily) al Aylesbury, elc., ii, 112; 

v.,145. 155- 
Mavis Enderby, Line., v, 37. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 



Maw r., iii, 76. 

Mawgun, i, 194. 

Mawnan, i, 195, 197. 

Maxey Castle, Line., iv, 115; v, 

32. 
Maxwell, Ches., v, 23; Maxwell 

Forest, iv, 4, 5. 
Mayland, Essex, v, 170. 
Mayne commote, iii, 80. 
Meaux Abbey, Yorks, i, 47. 
Meaux (Mewsenbury), in France, 

iv, 179. 

Medborne, iv, 21. 
Meden r. (Budby Water), iv, 17, 

1 8. 

Medlock r. , iv, 5. 
Medmenham, i, III. 
Medway r., and bridges, ii, 30; 

iv, 45. 57. 70. 
Mehcydd, place and river, iii, 20, 

22. 
Melbury house and park, Dorset, 

i, 247, 248; iv, 73, 109. 
Melbury river and bridge, iv, 1 10. 
Melbourne Castle, i, 21. 
Melchbourn, Beds., i, I, 2. 
Melcombe Horsey, iv, 108, 109. 
Melcombe Regis, i, 250, 304, 

305. 

Melenydd, Melennith, iii, II, 41, 
49, 52, 109. 

Mells, Somers., v, 105. 

Melrose Abbey, v, 199. 

Melton Mowbray, iv, 19. 

Menai, iii, 129, 134; Straits, 85, 
86. 

Mendip Hills, v, 85. 

Menheniot, i, 207, 209. 

Mennydd Mawr and Vechan, iv, 
178. 

Meole r. and bridges, ii, 81. 

Meon, East, r., i, 285. 

Merche, or Mercia, three queens 
abbesses of Gloucester, ii, 59; 
kings, Ethelred and Bernulph, 
59; Oswy and Penda, 101 ; 
earls, Algar and Leofric, 66. 

Mercians, bishopric of, its divi- 
sions, ii, 1 68. 

Mere, Ches., v, 223. 



Mere, Wilts, i, 150; v, m. 
Mere lake, Yorks, i, 37. 
Mereden, Herts, iv, 98. 
Meriden, Warw., ii, 106. 
Meridith lordship, iii, 12. 
Merivale, iv, 158. 
Merthen, i, 194, 195, 196. 
Merthyr Mawr, Martyr, iii, 28. 
Merthyr Tydvil, Martyr Tedvil, 

iii, 18. 

Merton Priory, Surrey, iv, 85. 
Mersey r., iv, 5; v, 44; corrupted 

by the rush of Chat moss, v, 

43- 

Meteham, Sussex, iv, 63. 

Meteham, Yorks, i, 52. 

Michelborough, i, 156. 

Michaelston, Llanvihengle, Glam- 
organ, iii, 30. 

Middle Castle, near Shrewsbury, 

y, 13- 

Middleham upon Ure, Midlain, 

Myllam, i, 79, 80; iv, 25, 161; 

Castle and three parks, 26, 31, 

33; v, 134. 

Middleton, Durham, i, 76. 
Middleton Castle, Oxon, ii, 35. 
Middleton Park, Waiw., ii, 105. 
Middlewich, Ches., iv, 4; v, 30. 
Midsomer Norton and Philips 

Norton, v, 105. 
Milborne Port, Dorset, v, 109. 
Milbrook, Cornw., i, 211. 
Milcote, Warw., ii, 50; iv, 79. 
Milford, Yorks, iv, 13. 
Milford Haven, iii, 115; isles in, 

62, 63. 
Millbrook, Dorset, v, 109; Salop, 

190. 
Millom, town and Castle, v, 44, 

55- 

Mill stones, quarry for, iv, 8. 

Milter Ower, iii, 28. 

Milton, Dorset, iv, 106. 

Milton creek and town, Kent, iv, 
42, 58, 59, 88. 

Milton Clevedon, Somerset, i, 149, 
291. 

Milton, river and bridge, Somer- 
set, \, 149, 291. 



326 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Milton, Great and Little, Oxon, 

i, 1 1 6. 

Minchin Buckland, i, 163. 
Minchin Hampton, Clone., iv, 

133- 

Minehead, Somerset, passage to 

Aber Thaw, i, 167; iii, 22. 
Minster Lovell, Oxon, v, 73. 
Minster, in Sheppey, Kent, iv, 58; 

in Thanet, 60, 61. 
" Minster priest," title of Godwic 

or Godric, v, 169. 
Mint, a, in Coventry, ii, 108. 
Misbourne r., Amersham, ii, 113; 

iv, 98. 

Misken, iii, 16, 19, 20, 21. 
Missenden, Great and Little, ii, 

3; priory, 4, 113. 
Mitford brook, Somers., i, 139. 
Mitford Castle, Northumb., v, 63. 
Mitha or Mutha Wood, i.e. , the 

Mythe Hill near the Severn, iv, 

155- 
Mitton village, Wore., ii, 89; v, 

220. 

Moats and dykes, iv, 135. 
Mochnant, iii, 119. 
Modbury, i, 216, 217, 218. 
Moel y don, ferry across Menai, 

iii, 85, 129. 
Moel y golva, iii, 126. 
Mold, Molesdale lordship and 

town, iii, 71, 72, 73. 
Molton, Devon, i, 301. 
Mon, Tir Mon, Anglesey, iii, 129- 

134; fossil trees there, 52; 

other remains, 90 ; the six hun- 
dreds of Mon, 134. 
Mon, parishes and chapels : 

Amlwch, iii, 132. 

Beaumaris chapel, iii, 134. 

Bettws Ceidio, iii, 133. 
y Coedana, iii, 133. 
y Grog y Ceirehiog, iii, 130. 
Machwdo, iii, 132. 
Rosbeirio, iii, 133. 

Bodewryd, iii, 133. 

Hen eglwys, iii, 130. 

Kaer Kybi, Holyhead, iii, 131. 

Llachenvarwy, iii, 132. 



Llan Allgo, iii, 133. 

Babo, iii, 132. 

Badrig, iii, 132. 
Llanbedr Goch, iii, 133. 
Llan Beulan, iii, 130. 

ddeusaint, iii, 131. 

Drygarn, iii, 131. 

Dysilio, iii, 129. 

Dyvrydog, iii, 133. 
Llanerchymedd, iii, 130. 
Llan Elian, iii, 133. 
Llanengrad, iii, 133. 
Llan Figail, iii, 131. 

Finnan, iii, 133. 

Flewyn, iii, 131. 

Gadog, iii, 132. 

Gadwaladr, iii, 130. 

Gaffo, iii, 129. 

Gawrdav Llangoed, iii, 133. 

Geinwen, iii, 129. 

Gevni, iii, 133. 

Gradivel, Penmynnyfc, iii, 

134- 

Gristiolus, iii, 130. 

Gwyngene, iii, 131. 

Gwyven, iii, 130. 
Llanidau, iii, 129. 
Llan lestyn, iii, 134. 

Lliano, iii, 132. 

Llibio, iii, 133. 

Rhwydrys, iii, 131. 

Rhyfclad, iii, 131. 

Tegvan, iii, 134. 

Deiniol vab, iii, 129. 

Dona, iii, 133. 

Dwyn, iii, 129. 

Dygwal-groes, iii, 131. 

Dyvnan, iii, 133. 
Llantrisaint, iii, 132. 
Llan Sant Fraid, iii, 131. 

Saturn, iii, 134. 

Vachreth, iii, 131. 

Vaelog, iii, 130. 

Vaes, iii, 133. 

Vaethlu, iii, 131. 
Llanvair Betws Gereint, iii, 133. 

Pwll Gwyngyll, iii, 129. 

y cwmmwd, iii, 129. 

yn eubwll, iii, 131. 

yng-hornwy, iii, 132. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 327 



Mdn, parishes and chapels con- 
tinued. 
Llanvair yn Pentraeth, Ymath- 

avarn Eithav, iii, 133. 
Llan Vaystr, iii, 133. 
Vechell, iii, 132. 
Veirian, iii, 130. 
Vihangel Din Silwy and LI. 
Vi. Penrhos Llugwy, iii, 1 35. 
Vihangel Tre-r-beirdd, iii, 

133- 

Vihangel yn-howyn, iii, 131. 
Vihangel yn-Yskeiviog, iii, 

'33- 

Vwrog, iii, 131. 

Wenvaen, iii, 131. 
Llanynghenedl, iii, 131. 
Llechylched, iii, 130. 
Prestholme, Pennon priory, iii, 

133- 

Rhoscolyn, iii, 131. 
Tal y llyn chapel, iii, 130. 
Trevdraeth, iii, 130. 
Tre Walchmai, St. Mordeyrn, 

iii, 130. 
Wigan chapel near Llan Ffinan, 

iii, 134. 

Mon, various places, and waters : 
Aber Alaw, iii, 131. 

Glaslyn, iii, 131. 

Menai, iii, 129. 

y Pwll, iii, 129. 
Amlwch harbour, iii, 132. 
Avon Dulas, Duglessus, iii, 

133- 

Kefni, Cevni r., iii, 133. 

Forth Wen, iii, 131. 

Suttan, iii, 131. 

Vanog, iii, 129. 

Veline, iii, 131. 
Beaumaris ferry, iii, 1 34. 
Bodwrog, Llyn and moor, iii, 

130. 

Cadnant, porthand avon, iii, 129. 
Corse y Nant, iii, 133. 
Elian, St. (Hilary), porth and 

avon, iii, 133. 
Fraw r., iii, 129, 130. 
Gadair-y-Kaer Noy, Garn, iii, 

132- 



Havodlyn, ynys, porth, avon, 

iii, 131, 132. 
Holyhead, Avon y Turr, iii, 

131- 

Kamlyn, porth and avon, iii, 132. 
Kleiviog, Traeth and avon, iii, 

131. 

Kraig Sydon, iii, 132. 
Llanvair Pwll Gwyngyll, Porth- 

aethwi, Menai, iii, 129. 
Llangevni, iii, 133. 
Lligwy, ynys, porth and avon, 

i", 133- 

Llygoden, iii, 132. 
Llyn Bodronyn, iii, 131. 

Coran, iii, 130. 

Pybai, iii, 130. 

Llyswen, porthandavon.iii, 130. 
Maen Bugail, West Mouse isle, 

iii, 132- 

Malltraeth, iii, 133. 
Moelfre, porth and avon, iii, 133. 
Moel y Don ferry, iii, 85, 129. 
Nevyn in Llyn, iii, 53. 
Penryn Safn yr Ast, iii, 1 34. 
Priestholm, Puffin isle, ynys 

Seiriol, iii, 133. 
Porthamel, iii, 129. 
Porth Bodowen, iii, 129. 

Caffnant, iii, 131. 

Gwyven, iii, 130. 

Kaer Gybi, iii, 131. 

Kamlyn, iii, 132. 

Llan Sant Fraid, iii, 131. 

Llongdu, iii, 133. 

Ogor, iii, 132. 

Traeth Krugyll, iii, 130. 

y Turr, iii, 131. 

Wen, iii, 131. 
Skerries, isles, iii, 132. 
Tal-y-voel, iii, 129. 
Traeth Ar Llevain, iii, 1 34. 
Traeth Maltraith, iii, 129. 
Trath Coch, y, iii, 133. 
Trev Voysen, Moses, iii, 132. 
Trepont bridge, iii, 131. 
Trewen, Towyn and Avon, iii, 

130. 
Turr, Corse y, and Mynydd y, 

iii, 131. 



328 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



M6n, various places, and waters 
continued. 

Tygai, Corse, iii, 133. 

Ynys Badrig, Little Mouse isle, 

iii, 132. 

Mone r., iii, 45. 

Monk bridge, York, i, 54; v, 17. 
Monkton Farleigh, i, 134. 
Monmouth, town and bridge, ii, 7 1 ; 

iii, 45, 47; priory, 50; Castle, 

iv, 167. 
Monnow r., confluence with Wye 

r., ii, 69, 70. 
Montacute, i, 157-8; cell to, 206, 

324. See Holme. 
Monteburgh Abbey, Normandy, 

three Devonshire cells of, i, 243. 
Montford bridge, ii, 83. 
Montgomeryshire, additions to, in 

I53S-6, i, 54, 55- 
Montgomery, iii, n, 41, 53, 125; 
v, 14, 187; Welsh names, Tre- 
valdwyn, Cairovaldwine, iii, 1 1 ; 

v, 13- 

Morda, or Vorda r., iii, 76. 
Mordiford, Here/., iii, 49 ; iv, 165 ; 

bridge, ii, 69. 

More or Ver r., Herts, iv, 98. 
Morgan. See Margam, also n. t, 

p. 15. 
Morganhog, Morcantuc, Glamor- 

gansh., iii, 15. 
Morlaix, Britanny, merchants of, 

at Lyme Regis, i, 244. 
Morleis, Morleys Castle, iii, 16, 

18; v, 239. 
Morley, Lane., iv, 6, 7, 10; Mor- 

ley Hall, v, 42. 
Morton Corbet, Salop, iii, 65 ; iv, 

I ; v, 14. 
Morpeth on the Wansbeck r., v, 

62, 63 ; Castle, 63. 
Mortham Tower, iv, 28, 30. 
Mortlake, iv, 86. 
Morville, Salop, ii, 85. 
Morwelham, Morwell, Morleham, 

i, 210, 211. 
Moss and fir wood, CAes., v, 30, 

43- 
Mottisfont priory, i, 163; ii, 8. 



Moulton and Castle, in Holland, 

Line., ii, 147, 148. 
Moulton Park, Northants, i, II. 
Mountferrant Castle, i, 58 ; Yorks, 

i y , 33- 

Mountjoy Castle in Spain, iv, 132. 
Mount Sorrel, i, 17. 
Mousehole, Cornw., i, 183, 189, 

319. 

Mowfcwy, iii, 55, 66, 78. 
Muchelney, v, 109. 
Muggleswick, Durh., \, 132. 
Mulgrave, i, 58, 59; Castle, iv, 

33- 

Multon, Northants, i, II. 
Mumbles, Mummes, iii, 127. 
Mwd, The, Llan Boduan, iii, 84. 
Myerscough, Lane., iv, 9. 
Mynyfc du, the Black mountain, 

iii, 112, 119; iv, 179, 180. 
Mynyfc Gelli haifc, Mennith Kel- 

thle, iii, 22. 

Mynyi y Gader, iii, I IO bis. 
Mynwy, Monnow, Mone r. 

(Ewias), iii, 45, 47. 
Myton, Yorks, i, 66. 

Nadder r., i, 262. 

Nant Bay, iii, 122. 

Nant Bran, iii, 24. 

Nant Conway commote and its 

five parishes, iii, 80. 
Nantglyn, Denbigh, ii, 27. 
Nant Gwrtheyrn (Vortigern) in 

Pistill, iii, 79, 87, 88. 
Nanthonddi, iii, no. 
Nant-llys, iii, 119. 
Nantwich, iv, 4, 75 ; v, 23, 29. 
Nappa, Nocastle, Yorks, iv, 28, 

33, 86. 

Narberth, Arberth, iii, 62. 
Nare Head, i, 200, 201. 
Naunton, Glouc., iii, 39. 
Naunton Hall, Rendlesham, Suff., 

iv, 75- 

Navy of Edward I, William de 

Leyburne, Captain of, v, 210. 
Naworth Castle, Cumb., ii, 7, v > 

55- 
Neasham, i, 69. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 329 



Nectansmere ? iv, 94. 

Nene (erroneously Avon), river 

and bridges, Northants, i, 3-7, 

8, 9, 10; iv, 22, 121, 122. 
Nene r. , Hunts, ii, 29; Line., 129. 
Ness, the, Devon, i, 225. 
Nesswick, i, 58. 
Neston, Cheshire, iii, 91. 
Ne*, Neth, Neath, Glam., iii, 15, 

3. 33. 38, Si ; v, 159. 
Ne* r., iii, 38. 
Netley, i, 279. 
Netherby, Cu tub., and border land, 

v, 51. 
Netherbury, Dorset, i, 246, 247 ; 

ii, 163. 

Nettlecombe, Somerset, i, 165. 
Nevin, Carnarvon*., iii, 80. 
Newark, Leic., i, 98; Glouc., ii, 

63- 

Newark upon Trent, Notts, iv, 16. 
Newborough, Anglesey, iii, 53, 

129. 

Newborough, near Lytham, iv, 7. 
Newborow, Yorks, v, 2. 
New Bridge on the Thames, Oxon, 

v, 73- 
Newburgh, Yorks, ii,4, 7; priory, 

iv, 12. 

Newcastle Enilyn, iii, 57. 
Newcastle - under - Lyne, v, 18; 

Castle and chapel of St. Sonday, 

19, 20. 

Newcastle on Tyne, i, 73, 74; iv, 
117, 118; gifts to the hospital 
there, v, 57; buildings in, by 
the merchants Roger Thornton, 
John Ward, and Christopher 
Brigham, 59; strong walls of, 
how built, 59, 60; the Wall- 
knoll, iv, 118; Castle and mar- 
ket town, v, 62, 63; descriptive 
notes of streets, towers on the 
wall, bridges, religiousbuildings, 
etc., 126; house of St. Trinity, 
145 ; of Friars hermit, i, 93. 

Newchurch, Radnor, iii, 42. 

Newelle brook, i, 296. 

Newenden, Kent, iv, 63. 

Newenham Abbey, Beds, iv, 33. 



Newenham Abbey, Devon, i, 

244. 

Newent priory, i, 5 ; v, 190. 
Newhagg Park, formerly near 

Worksop, iv, 17 (only Hagg 

Hill now remains of this name). 
Newgale, iii, 64, 65. 
Newhall Tower, Ches., v, 25. 
Newham, Cornw., i, 198, 201. 
Newhall, Derbys., ii, 14. 
Newith Castle, iii, 29. 
Newith Park, iii, 19. 
Newith Pont, iii, 15, 31. 
Newland, i, 48. 
Newlyn, i, 189, 191, 318, 319, 

320, 321. 
New Minster Abbey, near Mor- 

peth, v, 63, 65. 
Newnham, Glouc., ii, 57, 63; v, 

159- 
Newport r. (Medina), Isle of 

Wight, i, 281. 

Newport, Pembroke, iii, 123. 
Newport, Monmouth, iii, 12, 14, 

44,45- 
Newport, Salop, mere, v, 12; 

Castle, 13. 
Newport Pagnell, i, 25; iv, 115, 

life. 
Newstead priory or Abbey, Notts, 

, 93, 945 iy, 15- 
Newstead Priory, Line., iv, 89 ; 

v, 5, MS- 

Newton, Montgomery, iii, 12, 125. 
Newton Nottage, Notes, iii, 29. 
Newton r., Wilts, i, 130. 
Newton, Yorks, i, 62. 
Newton Bushel! Abbot, i, 221, 

225. 

Newton St. Cyres, i, 238, 239. 
Newton Tracy, Devon, i, 172. 
Newton St. Lo, iv, 133; v, 103. 
Newton, near Warrington, Ches., 

iv, 8; v, 41. 
Nibley, Glouc., iv, 105; hill or 

knoll, 132. 
Nicholas, St., village, Glam., iii, 

.'S- 

Nidd r. , its course and bridges, i, 
44, 86, 87 ; v, 143, 144. 



330 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Nocton Park priory, v, 37. 

Norbury, Staff., ii, 170. 

Norchet manor house, iii, 31. 

Norfolk, aquae dulces in, iv, *]\. 

Norham, iv, 95 ; a lordship of 
Durham bishopric, v, 55; Cas- 
tle, 64. 

Normanby bridge, i, 64. 

Norman Cross hundred, Hunts, 
ii, 29. 

Normandy, rivers EpteandCoues- 
non, iv, 120. 

Normanton, Yorks, iv, 91. 

Northallerton, i, 67, 68, 72; iv, 
30. 

Northallertonshire, i, 68, 84. 

Northampton, i, 7-9 ; iv, 97 ; hos- 
pital, 71; Clifford Hill, 122; 
house of Walgreve there, ii, 17; 
battle of, v, 3. 

Northamptonshire, iv, 97; aquae 
dulces, 71 ; southernmost village 
in, ii, 38. 

Northburn, Kent, iv, 48. 

North Cave, Yorks, i, 51. 

Northleach and brook, i, 1 26 ; iii, 

39- 

Northmouth, Wantsum r., Kent, 
iv, 60. 

North Newnton, v, 81. 

Northob, iii, 93. 

North Stoke on Lansdown, near 
Bath, i, 286. 

Northumberland, Earls' lands in 
Cumberland, Northumberland, 
Yorkshire, and Sussex, v, 49, 
50. 

Northumberland market towns, v, 
62, 63; castles, 63, 64, 65; 
houses of religion, 65; rivers, 
62, 66, 67 ; forests and parks, 
67; ancient kingdom, extent 
and divisions of, 69; list of 
Earls of, 70 ; extract from early 
chronicle of, 70. 

Northwich, iv, 3, 4 ; v, 23, 227, 
228. 

Norton priory of canons, Ches., v, 

25- 

Norton, Northton, Radnor, iii, 1 1. 



Norton Conyers, Yorks, v, 144. 

Norton Disney, i, 26. 

Norton St. Philip, Somers., i, 139; 

v, 98, 105. 
Norwich Castle, ii, 149; city wall, 

iv, 33- 

Nos Castle, iii, 22. 

Noseley, Leic., i, 14; Haslerig 
of, had property in Eslington, 
Northumb., v, 58. 

Noss creek, Devon, i, 223, 225. 

Nostell, or St. Oswald's, Yorks, 
i, 40; iv, 13; parent of Carlisle 
Cathedral, v, 53. 

Notley Abbey, Bucks, v, 7. 

Notter, i, 210. 

Nottingham, iv, 16, 19; gates and 
religious houses, v, 147; Eng- 
lish and Thurland, Mayors of 
the town, 147. 

Nunappleton, i, 43. 

Nuneaton, Warw., i, 19. 

Nuneaton, Wilts, i, 127, 128. 

Nun Monkton, i, 87. 

Nunney brook, v, 98. 

Nunney Delamare, Somers., iv, 
98; cattle, v, 97, 98, 106. 

Nutshalling or Nursling, Hunts- 
eel, v, 202. 

Oakham, Rutl., v, 145. 

Ock river and bridge, Berks, i, 

122, 306; v, 75, 78. 
Odell, or Woodhill, Castle, Beds, 

v, 8. 

Offa's Dyke, iii, 40 ; v, 13. 
Ogwr Castle, iii, 28. 
Ogwr, Ogor r., iii, 15,21, 27, 28, 

34, 37 ; v, 242. 
Okeford, Dorset, iv, 109. 
Okington Park, iv, 141. 
Olney, Bucks, v, 7, 8. 
Olney, Glouc., iii, 40. 
Olveston, Glouc. , i, 286. 
Ombersley, ii, 89. 
Onke. See Unk. 
Onny r., Salop, ii, 78, 79; iii, 49; 

v, 1 6. 

Onslow, Salop, iii, 66. 
Orchard Wyndham, i, 164. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 331 



Orchards containing operetopiario, 

i, 53- 
Orme's Head, Little and Great, 

iii, 89. 

Ormskirk, v, 41. 
Orwell, Camb,, i, 327. 
Osney priory church, Oxford, i, 

123-125; founder, ii, 153, 154. 
Ospringe, iv, 42,68; river, 70. 
Ostanger, iv, 34. 
Ostrepole lake, i, 282. 
Oswestry, Croes Oswallt, iii, 40, 

74-76 ; distance from various 

places, 73; iv, 176. 
Otley, Yorks, i, 44; v, 50. 
Otmoor, Oxon, ii, 34, no. 
Otter r., Devon, course of, and 

bridges, i, 240, 241. 
Otter r. and Otterbourne, Hants, 

i, 275. 

Otterburn Castle, v, 63. 
Otterden, Kent, iv, 43. 
Otterey r., Cornw., i, 174, 301, 

302. 
Ottery St. Mary, i, 236, 239, 240, 

241 ; Mohun's, 240, 241. 
Otterton, i, 241, 243. 
Oulton, Ches.,\, 26. 
Oundle, i, 3, 4, 99; ii, 30; iv, 

121, 122. 

Ouse r., Beds, Bucks, etc., i, 100, 
101; bridges, 102; v, 7, 8. 

Ouse r., Yorks, i, 44, $4-56; 
bridges, 54, 55; iv, 12. 

Ouse r. , Northants, ii, 35, 37. 

? Ouzel r., v, 8. 

Over, near Bristol, iv, 132, 133, 
141. 

Overton, Flint, iii, 67. 

Overton House, near Prestbury, 
iv, 134- 

Ovingham on Tyne, house of 
canons, v, 60. 

Owston Abbey, Line., i, 37, 38; 
iv, 20. 

Oxford, i, 123-125; scholars from 
Salisbury, 268; Queen's Col- 
lege and Domus Dei of South- 
ampton, 278; ii, 151-156, 160, 
161 ; Castle, 153 ; streets of, 



named, 154-156; notes on early 
history, Grecelade and King 
Alfred, 151, 152; events A.D. 
979 to 1129, 153; Rouse's lists 
of colleges and halls, with their 
special objects, 154-156; halls 
destroyed in or before his time, 
156; Edmund Hall, notes on, 
154, 156; historical notes from 
Matthew Paris, Rowse, and 
Knighton, 160, 161 ; Friars 
preachers in, iv, 147. 
Oxford, Black friars church, ii, 

3; founders of, v, 155. 
Chicheley's College, iv, i. 
Gray friars church, ii, 4. 
Magdalen College, ii, 31 ; Tow- 
key (Tubney), a farm of, v, 

73- 
Oriel College (Regale), chronicle 

of, iv, 58. 
Peckwater's Inn, iv, 165. 

Oxford, maps at Merton College 
consulted by Leland, v, 44; 
Cold Norton priory impropriate 
to Brazenose College, 75; W. 
Porter, first Warden of New 
College, tomb at Hereford, 183 ; 
University church, 231 ; ancient 
prosperity of town and scholars, 
231 ; Magdalen bridge and ferry 
over Cherwell r., v, 232. 

Oxney, Isle of, iv, 56, 63, 68. 

Oxton, Notts, ii, ii. 

Oysters at Whitstable, iv, 69. 

Oystermouth, Ostermuth, iii, 127. 

Padstow, i, 178, 179, 303, 316, 

3.17- 

Paignton, i, 223. 
Panton village and beck, Line., v, 

36. 

Papworth St. Agnes, ii, 30. 
" Paradise,"or studying chambers, 

i, 46, S3- 
Paris, famous English students at, 

ii, 1 60; monastery of St. Diony- 

sius, iv, 134. 
Parret river (erroneously Ivel) and 

bridge, i, 161, 162. 



332 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Pateley bridge, Yorks, i, 8l ; v, 

143- 

Patrington, i, 51, 6l. 
Paulet, near Bridg water, iv, 71. 
Pawlton, i, 144. 
Payne's Castle, iii, 42, 109; iv, 

165 ; v, 50. 
Peak, High, Castle, Derbys., v, 

31- 

Pebidiog, iii, 63, 64, 65. 
Pecforton, CAes., iv, 3. 
Peder brook, i, 161. 
Pedware r., iii, 20, 22. 
Peebles, source of the Tweed near, 

v, 67. 

Pembridge, Heref., ii, 72, 166. 
Pembroke, iii, 115, 116; cell of 

monks, iii, 51. 

Pembro, Cornw., i, 187, 191. 
Penar hill, iii, 20. 
Penbont, iii, 28, 29, 33, 34. 
Penbrey, Kid welly, iii, 60. 
Pen brook, Staff., v, 21. 
Pencarreg and Gogurne lake, iii, 

117. 

Pencoit, iii, 21 ; iv, 85. 
Pencombe, Cornw., i, 189. 
Pencrag hill, Radnor, iii, 42. 
Pendennis, St. Ives, Cornw. (not 

Pendeen), i, 192, 193. 
Pendennis Castle, i, 196, 197, 

202. 
Pendewr, St. David's Head, iii, 

65- 

Pendragon Castle, v, 146. 
Pen-du-Lwyn, iii, 26. 
Penfilly r., course of and bridge, 

ii, 73; iv, 165. 

Pengarsike or Garsike, i, 188. 
Pengelli, Penkelthe Castle, iii, 10, 

107, no, in. 
Penhill Beacon and Castle, Yorks, 

iv, 26; v, 134. 
Penkestel creek, i, 195. 
Penknek, i, 205, 235. 
Penkridge, ii, 170; iv, 82; v, 21, 

22; and Pillenhall, ii, 169. 
Penlee, i, 211. 
Penley in Chiltern, i, 105. 
Penllech, iii, 80. 



Penllimmon mountain, iii, 125. 
Penlline, Penllyn, Castle, iii, 32; 

v, 238, 240. 

Penllyn commote, iii, 74, 77. 
Penllyn lordship, Denbigh*., iii, 

95- 

Penmachno, iii, 81, 89. 
Penmaen mawr and vychan, iii, 

85- 

Penmon priory, M6n, iii, 133. 
Penmynnyfc, iii, 134. 
Pennalun, Abbot Laurod, iv, 168. 
Pennarth, iii, 22. 
Penpoll creek, i, 207. 
Penrice and Castle, iii, 16, 127. 
Penrith, v, 2, 46, 48, 53, 54; 

Castle, 56, 147. 
Penrhyn, Flint, iii, 93. 
Penrhyn, Carnarvon, iii, 84, 89. 
Penrhyn dew-draeth, iii, 88, 89. 
Penrhyn du, haven, iii, 88. 
Penrhyn, Little Orme's Head, iii, 

89. 

Penryn, Cornw., i, 196, 197, 322. 
Pensford, Somers., v, 103. 
Pentaney priory, i, 93. 
Pentewan, Pentowen, i, 201, 202. 
Pentyrch, Castle Mynach in, iii, 

21. 

Pen with, i, 189. 
Penwortham, Lane., iv, 8, 9. 
Penzance, i, 189, 319, 320. 
Peover r., iv, 5. 
Pepper Hill, near Hampton, Salop, 

v, 1 8. 

Perche in Normandy, iv, 100. 
Pershore, Wore., ii, 27; iii, 39, 

40; monastery, iv, 151 ; bridge, 

v, 9. 

Peterborough, quarry at, ii, 149. 
Peterill r. , v, 54, 56. 
Peterston-super-Ely, Llanpeder, 

iii, 25. 
Petherton, North and South, 

Somers., i, 161 ; iv, 122; park, 

i, 161. 

Petit Tor, i, 224. 
Petty pool, CAes., iv, 3. 
Petworth, honour of, iv, 77> 78; 

v > 49> 5> market town, 92; the 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 333 



More House in Petworth parish, 
92 ; Baienet manor house near, 
78, 92. 

Pevemarsh, Essex, iv, 75. 

Pewsey, Wilts, v, Si. 

Peykirk, Northants, ii, 127. 

Phillacks, i, 190. 

Pickenham, Nor/., iv, 116. 

Pickering, Yorks, i, 57, 63, 64 ; v, 

39- 

Pickering brook, Yorks, i, 57, 64. 

Pickering Lathe, i, 59, 63, 64. 

Picts wall, figures of horse-shoes 
near, iv, 33 ; remains of, near 
Bowness, v, 51 ; Drumburgh 
built from its stones, 5 1 ; church 
standing on, 60; state of, be- 
tween Thirlwall and North 
Tyne, 60, 61. 

Piddle river, alias Trent, Dorset, 
course of, i, 254. 

Piddletrenthide, iv, 116. 

Pier for ships at Ramsgate, iv, 61. 

Piercebridge on Tees, i, 69, 77 ; 
iv, 27. 

Pildour brook, Warw. , ii, 47. 

Pilkington house and park, iv, 6. 

Pilton, Devon, i, 170, 299, 300. 

Pincerna regis, tenure by service 
of, iv, 119. 

Pinfulley brook, Here/., iii, 49; 
iv, 165. 

Pinners in Sherburn, Yorks, iv, 

13- 
Pinnock Well, one of the sources 

of Thames, iii, 39. 
Piranus, i, 321. 
Pirrhus Castle, Maenor Pir, iii, 

61. 

Pipe, near Lichfield, ii, 101, 171. 
Pipewell Abbey, i, 13; iv, 31; 

v, 5- 

Pitchford, Salop, iii, 66. 
Plague at Norwich, Yarmouth, 

and Lynn, iv, 122. 
Plas y Meudwy, Denbigh*. , iii, 

95- 

Pleshey Castle, Essex, anciently 
Tumblestoun, ii, 20; iv, 93, 
121 ; college, iv, 69. 



Plinlimmon, iii, 119. 

Plompton, Yorks, i, 87. 

Plym r., i, 212; course of, and 

bridges, 214. 
Plymouth, anciently Sutton, i, 

212-214, 3I5- 
Plympton St. Mary, priory, i, 

200, 214-216. 

Plympton, Thomas, i, 216. 
Pocklington, i, 45 ; v, 49. 
Pocklington beck, i, 45. 
Polpenrith Creek, Corniv., \, 196. 
Polperro, i, 207, 324. 
Polruan, i, 207, 323. 
Polwheveral, i, 194, 196. 
Pont, Cornw., i, 207. 
Pont r., Northumb., v, 66. 
Pont Rhehesk, Pont yr heske over 

theTav r., iii, 35; v, 238. 
Pontefract, i, 38, 39, 42, 88; iv, 

13; Castle, i, 39. 
Pontesbury, Salop, ii, 22 ; iv, 

116. 
Pont Vaen, Pontvain, Pontvayn, 

i.e. Cowbridge, iii, 36; v, 240, 

241. 
Poole, i, 254, 255, 305 ; harbour, 

305- 

Popham Dene, Soniers., iv, 100. 
Porlock Bay, i, 167. 
Portbridge, Hants, i, 284. 
Portchester Castle, i, 282, 283. 
Forth Clais, Bangor, iii, 68. 
Porth Clais, St. David's, iii, 65. 
Forth Gwgan, Wgan, Hogan, iii, 

68. 

Porthamel, iii, 1 12. 
Port Hoyger, near Holyhead, iii, 

43- 

Port Isaac, i, 177, 178, 303. 
Portland, i, 250, 251, 252, 305. 
Portlington, i, 52. 
Porth Llongdu, M$n, iii, 133. 
Porth Llonge at Cardiff, iii, 35. 
Porth Mawr, St. David's Head, 

iii, 64, 65. 

Portquin, i, 178, 303. 
Portsea Isle, i, 284. 
Portsdown, Hants, i, 284. 
Portskewet, iii, 43. 



334 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Portsmouth, i, 282-284. 
Portsmouth haven, i, 282, 284. 
Potton, Beds, v, 7. 
Poulton and beck, Glouc., i, 127, 

128. 

Powderham Castle, i, 232. 
Powick Mills, ii, 92. 
Powisland, High and Low, iii, 

"> 54, 55. 71, 126. 
Prescot, v, 42. 
Frees, Salop, iv, I ; v, 17. 
Preselew, Preselly, Perskilly, iii, 

58, 64. 
Prestbury, Glouc., \v, 134; v, 184, 

189. 
Presteign bridge and market, ii, 

70, 73; iii, 10, 41, 49. 
Preston (in Amounderness), iv, 8, 

9, 10; v, 42; College of Gray 

friars at, ii, 20, 21. 
Priests killed, penance for, ii, 37 ; 

v, 156, 224. 

Priestholm, Puffin isle, iii, 133. 
Prinknash park, Glouc., ii, 62; 

v, 158. 

Pritwell, Essex, iv, 93. 
Front r., v, 47. 
Prudhoe Castle, Northumb., v, 

49- 

Pucklechurch, v, 102. 
Pulston bridge on Tamar, i, 174, 

325- 

Pumlumon, Plinlimon, iii, 119. 
Purbeck Forest, i, 253. 
Purse Caundle, i, 155, 296. 
Purton, Glouc., iv, 81. 
Pwllheli, iii, 80, 88. 



Quainton, ii, 3, 4. 

Quantock Head, i, 164; Hills, 

164. 

Quappelode. See Whapelode. 
Quarrendon, Bucks, ii, no, III; 

v, 170. 

Quarries of stone, iv, 73, 141. 
Quatford, Salop, ii, 86. 
Quedgley, ii, 63. 
Queenborough, Kent, iv, 51, 52, 

58, 82; Castle, ii, 145; v, 4. 



Queen's Camel (Camallate), Dor- 
set, iv, 107, 132. 

Raby Castle, i, 72, 75, 76. 
Radbourne, Derbys., v, 147, 148. 
Radcot on Isis, Oxon, v, 72. 
Radley, near Abingdon, Berks, 
ii, 2; the park disparked, v, 

77- 
Radnor, New, iii, 10, 41 ; Old, 

iii, 42. 

Radyr, Rader, iii, 21. 
Ragarth, Yale, iii, 70. 
Raglan Castle, iii, 45 ; abbey near, 

50; iv, 91. 
Rainworth r., iv, 17. 
Rame Head, i, 208, 212. 
Rampton, Notts, i, 32. 
Ramsbury, Wilts, iv, 130; v, 79. 
Ramsey Abbey, Hunts, ii, 143, 

144, 163. 

Ramsey Island, Pembroke, iii, 65. 
Ramsgate, iv, 61. 
Ramton priory or abbey, Staff., 

ii, 169; iv, 129. 
Ratesburgh. See Richborough. 
Rauceby or Ureby, i, 27, 28. 
Ravenspur, i, 51, 61, 62. 
Ravensworth and Castle, Durh., 

i, 78, 79; iv, 27; v, 128; river, 

i, 78. 

Rawcliff, iv, 9. 
Rea r. , Birmingham, ii, 96. 
Rea, Ree or Rhe, the Lindis or 

Witham r. so called, v, 35, 36. 
Rea r., Salop, v, 16, 190. 
Rea r., Wore, and Warw., course 

of, v, 17. 

Reading, Berks, i, 109-111. 
Reading Abbey, ii, 74; Leomin- 

ster abbey a cell to, iv, 166. 
Reading, Kent, iv, 63. 
Reculver, iv, 42, 46, 52, 53; the 

church, old Abbey, and painted 

cross therein, 59, 60, 6l. 
Redbourne, Herts, iv, 98. 
Redcastle, near Whitchurch, Sa- 
lop, v, 13. 
Redden burn, parts England and 

Scotland, v, 67, 68. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 335 



Rede r., v, 62. 

Redesdale and three parish 
churches, Northumb., v, 62, 
65,66. 

Redgrave Hall, Bury St. Ed- 
munds, ii, 149. 

Redruth (Revier town), i, 190, 

3I5- 

Reigate, iv, in. 

Religious houses in England ar- 
ranged in counties, lists from 
the " Mappa Mundi" of Ger- 
vase of Canterbury, v, 191-199; 
two in Scotland, three in Wales, 
199. 

Remney, Remny r., iii, 12, 13, 
14, 15, 17, 46; v, 239; bridges 
over, iii, 35. 

Remney Pont, iii, 12, 13, 15, 35. 

Rendcomb Park, Glouc., i, 130. 

Rendlesham, Stiff., iv, 75. 

Repaire Park, Durham. See Beau- 
repair. 

Repton, ii, 103. 

Restormel Park and Castle, i, 205, 

323. 

Restrong, i, 198, 201. 
Retford, West and East, iv, 16, 

17- 

Revesby, Line., v, 200. 

Revier, Ry vier Castle, ? Godrevy, 

Cornw., i, 187, 189, 190. 
Rhaiadr, iii, n, 53, 122. 
Rhaiadr Gwy, iii, 120, 123. 
Rhe r. (now the Cound), ii, 84. 

See Rea rivers. 
Rhigos, iii, 16, 38. 
Rhiw Abon, iii, 69, 70. 
Rhodes, Rodes. See Jerusalem. 
Rhonfca, glyn, Rotheney, iii, 20, 

21, 22. 
Rhonda Vechan, Rotheney Vehan, 

iii, 15, 22, 37. 
Rhonfca Vaur, iii, 22, 36. 
Rhos, Rose, lordship and market, 

iii, 63, 64. 

Rhuddlan. See Rufclan. 
Rhyd goch, Rethgough, iii, 20. 
Rhyd Lavar, Rethlauar, iii, 21. 
Rhyd-friw (?), Redbryuu, iii, 1 10. 



Rhyd y Gors Castle, iv, 173,' 174. 
Ribchester on the Ribble, ii, 21. 
Ribble r., ii, 21; and bridge, iv, 

8, 9 ; course of, v, 44. 
Ricart's Kalendar of Bristol, v, 91, 

93- 

Riccal, i, 57. 

Richard's Castle, Here/., ii, 76; 
v, 191. 

Richborough (portus Rutupi) or 
Ratesburgh, Kent, iv, 50, 51, 
54> 55? Castle and antiquities, 
61, 62. 

Richmond, Yorks, claims of 
rights and privileges for shire 
and town, v, 140. 

Richmond, Yorks, town and 
Castle, i, 79; iv, 24, 25, 26, 28; 
building the castle, v, 141; 
archdeaconry, iv, 30; Fee in- 
cluded lands in Cambridgeshire, 

i, 327. 

Richmondshire, Yorks, i, 67, 68, 
77,84; iv, 29, 75; v, 138, 140; 
rivers in, and their dales, iv, 
30-32. 

Richmont Castle, near Mendip, 
v, 85. 

Rickmansworth, i, 105; iv, 98. 

Ridale {? Ryedale), Yorks, i, 64. 

Ridge way, the, Glouc., iv, 131. 

Ridley Park and Place, Ches. , iv, 
3 ; hall and pool, v, 28. 

Ringwood, Hants, i, 262; hun- 
dred of, iv, 142. 

Ripley, Wore., ii, 88. 

Ripon, i, 68, 80-84; iv, 31, 94; 
Cathedral and tombs therein, 
v, 142; inscriptions on wall 
noted, 143. 

Risca r. and dyffryn, iii, 13, 15, 

17- 

Risby Abbey, v, 36. 

Risingho Castle, Beds, i, 101; 

v, S. 

Rithin lordship, Glam., iii, 33. 
Rivaulx Abbey, i, 57, 90-93. 
Rivers Park, iv, 93. 
Rivington Pike, or Fairlock, 

Lane., iv, 7. 



336 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Robertsbridge, iv, 62. 

Robin Hood's Bay, i, 51, 61. 

Roche, Carmarthens., ii, 23. 

Roche Castle, Pembroke*., iii, 63, 
64. 

Rochester bridge, iv, 52; chapel, 
names from table in, 44. 

Rochester Castle and town, iv, 
45, 46, 57 5 hospital, 70; church 
burnt, 125. 

Rock caves and rooms on Eamont 
river, Westmor., v, 146. 

Rockcliff Castle, Cumb., v, 51. 

Rockingham Castle and Forest, 
i, 12, 13, 22, 99; iv, 21, 121 ; 
v, 145. 

Rockstane, now Stourport, ii, 87, 
89. 

Roden r., and its course, Salop, 
iv, i; v, 16. 

Roes in Shropshire forests, ii, 80. 

Rokeby, i, 78. 

Rollesley, i, 62. 

Rollright, Oxon, iii, 39; stones, 
iv, 79, 81. 

Roman coins and remains, i, 28, 
31, 118, 120; iv, ii, 20, 50, 60, 
62, 66, 85, 131, 167; inscrip- 
tions at Exeter, i, 228. See An- 
tiquities. 

Roman Wall, Northumb. and 
Cumb., here called the Pict 
Wall, its course, v, 51, 60, 61. 

Romney, iv, 49, 67 ; marsh, 66, 67. 

Romsey, Hants, i, 269; Abbey, 
", 23 ; v, 83. 

Rope walk at Hull, i, 49. 

Rose or Ros Castle, ? Kent, iv, 55. 

Rose Castle, belonged to Bishops 
of Carlisle, Cumb., v, 56. 

Rosington, Yorks, i, 34, 36, 88. 

Ross, wooden bridge over Wye r., 
ii, 69 ; town and bishop's palace, 
iv, 1 66; church and bishop's 
prison, v, 184. 

Rostbridge, i, 2 1 8. 

Rostherne church and mere, iv, 5. 

Roth bury, Northumb., v, 49. 

Rotherfield, manor and park, 
Oxon, v, 72. 



Rotherham, iv, 14, 15. 

Rother river and bridges, iv, 63 ; 

West river and bridge, 92. 
Rougham, Suff., ii, 150. 
Royston, i, 328. 
Ruabon. See Rhiw Abon. 
Rufford Abbey, iv, 15, 17 ; village, 

17; river, i, 90. 
Rugby, dykes of ancient hall, iv, 

118. 

Ruislip, i, 329. 
Rumney r. See Remney. 
Runcorn, a townlet, CAes., v, 24, 

41, 42. 
Ruthin, Rithyn, Denbigh*., iii, 71; 

house of Bonhommes, i, 304. 
RuSlan, Ruthlan, Rhuddlan, iii, 

93, 95 ; Castle, iv, 177. 
Rushton, near Kettering, iv, 97; 

Newton by Rushton, 97. 
Rutland, legend as to its own 

origin, iv, 124; boundary by 

Stamford, 89. 

Rycote, Oxon, i, 113, 114; v, 124. 
Ryder, i, 43. 

Rye, Kent, i, 203; iv, 49, 63. 
Rye, river and bridges, i, 57, 64. 
Ryton, Yorks, i, 64. 
Ryton parish, Durham, v, 58. 
Ryton, Yorks, i, 64. 

Sadbergh, Northumb., v, 130. 
St. Agatha's Abbey, Yorks, iv, 29. 
St. Agnes' Beacon, Cornw., i, 

317; Isle, 190. 
Saint Albans, Herts, iv, 98 ; battle 

of, ii, 5. 
St. Alban's or Aldhelm's Point, 

Dorset, i, 253, 255. 
St. Albans, Salisbury park, ii, 31. 
St. Aldhelm, Malmesbury, i, 131. 
St. Allen, Cornw., i, 181. 
St. Andrew's, Auckland, i, 69, 

75- 

St. Anne's, near Bristol, pilgrim- 
age, i, 136. 

St. Anthony, Cornw., i, 195, 322. 

St. Asaph's diocese, Hudham 
Monastery, v, 199; three 
bishops, 210, 215. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 337 



St. Audries, Somers., i, 164. 
St. Austell, i, 201, 202, 322. 
St. Barrok, chapel, iii, 24. 
St. Bartholomew's, Smithfield, 

priory, ii, 1 6. 
St. Bee's, Cumb., cell to St. 

Mary's Abbey, York, v, 55. 
St. Beuno, iii, 52. 
St. Buryan, i, 191, 319. 
St. Carak, i, 206, 207. 
St. Chad's Well, Lichfield, ii, 99. 
St. Claire on the Epte r., in Nor- 
mandy, origin of the St. Clere 

family, iv, 120. 
Saint dear's, Clere's, monastery, 

Carmarthen, iii, 51, 57, 114; 

Castle, iv, 177. 

St. Columb Major, i, 180, 184. 
St. Cua parish, i, 191. 
St. Cuthbert's birds and puffins, 

iv, 123; v, 201. 
St. David's (Menavia), Pemb., ii, 

167; possessions of, iii, 57, 58, 

62, 63, 64, 65 ; new work on 

the church, iv, 177. 
St. David's land, iii, 64. 
St. David's Head, iii, 64, 65. 
St. David's, bishops of, all in 
vol. iv : 

Abraham, 173. 

Bernard, 176. 

Bledus, 172. 

David, 176. 

Eneuris, 170. 

Herbin, 172. 

Joseph, 172. 

Lunvert (Lwmbert), 170. 

Morcleis?, 170. 

Morgenew, 171. 

Novis, 170. 

Peter, 177. 

Ricemarch (Rikewarth), 174. 

Sadurnven, 169. 

Sulgenius, 172, 173. 

Wilfrid, 175. 
St. Dogmael's, Caldy Island, iii, 

$ 

St. Donat's, Dinothes, Castle, iii, 

27. 
St. Dwynwen's Isle, M6n, iii, 53. 

V. 



St. Emerentiana, parish church at 
Sherborne, Dorset, i, 275. 

St. Erth, i, 191, 192. 

St. Fagan, parish and Castle, iii, 
19, 21, 25, 26. 

St. German's, i, 209, 210, 324, 

325- 

St. Germoe, Cornw., i, 188. 
St. Giles, Devon, i, 173. 
St. Guthlac's priory, Here/., ii, 

68. 

St. Helen's, Auckland, i, 69. 
St. Helensford, Yorks, i, 44. 
St. Herbert's Isle, Derwentwater, 

v, 54- 
St. Hillary's parish, Cornw. , i, 

189. 

St. Issey, i, 178, 183, 303. 
St. Ives (Ja, Jes), Cornw., i, 192, 

193. 317. 

St. Ives, Hunts, ii, 142-144. 
St. John's. See Jerusalem. 
St. John's bridge on Isis, i, 126, 

127. 

St. John's, Weardale, i, 70. 
St. Just's, near Falmouth, i, 200. 
St. Just's, Cornw., i, 316, 317, 

318- 

St. Keverne, i, 195, 321. 
St. Lawrence, Cornw., i, 180, 

184. 
St. Leonard's Priory, Herts, i, 

104. 
St. Leonard's by Stamford, cell 

of Durham, ii, 148. 
St. Lythan's, iii, 24. 
St. Margaret's Cliff, Kent, iv, 48. 
St. Martin's Priory, Yorks, iv, 

29. 
St. Mary Overey, Southwark, iv, 

128. 
St. Maw's fortress, i, 200, 202, 

248, 322. 
St. Michael, or Mitchell, Cornw. , 

i, 181, 184, 189. 
St. Michael's Mount, i, 188, 319, 

320; Castle, iv, 116. 
St. Michael's on Wyre, iv, 9. 
St. Milor, i, 198. 
Saint Nele, iii, 21. 



338 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



St. Neot's, Hunts, i, i; ii, 127. 
St. Nicholas village, Glam., iii, 15. 
St. Oswald's chapel and cemetery, 

Worcester, ii, 90, 91. 
St. Oswald's priory, on the Severn, 

ii, 62, 63. 
St. Oswald's, Yorks, i, 40; iv, 

13. 6Vtf Nostell. 
St. Piran, i, 193, 195, 321. 
St. Radegund, Dover, iv, 44, 51. 
St. Stinan's chapel, Justinian's, 

iii, 65. 
St. Susanne in Normandy, iv, 

100. 

St. Teath. See St. Issey. 
St. TudwalPs island, iii, 88. 
St. Winifred's Well, Flint, ii, 

1 20. 

St. Winnow, i, 206. 
St. Wolstan's life, ii, 164. 
Salcombe town and haven, i, 222. 
Salford, Warw., ii, 47; iv, 56. 
Salfordshire, Lane,, iv, 5, 6; v, 

43- 

Salisbury, New, dedication of, i, 
266. 

Salisbury College and Oxford 
scholars, i, 268. 

Salisbury, i, 258-268, 269; notes 
as to bridges, colleges, and hos- 
pital, ii, 28; notes on the his- 
tory and possessions of the 
church, charters cited, 162, 163; 
bishops buried in the cathedral, 
i, 264, 265; church tower de- 
stroyed by thunder-bolt, v, 174. 
See Sarum and Harnham. 

Salmon leap on the Tav river, v, 
238. 

Salt-making, its rates, gains, and 
privileges, ii, 92-94 ; salt in 
Cheshire, iv, 4; salt coots or 
cotes in Lancashire, 10, n. 

Salt springs of Droitwich, v, 10. 

Saltash, i, 210, 211, 212, 325. 

Salterne, Devon, \, 241. 

Saltfleet haven or creek, Line., 
iv, 181 ; v, 36. 

Saltwood Castle and parish, Kent, 
iv, 65. 



Salwarpe r., Wore. , course of, ii, 
89, 92, 95 ; bridge over, 94. 

Sancton, i, 45. 

Sanctuary at Beverley, limits of, 
marked by crosses, iv, 180; in- 
scriptions on the Frithstool, 
180; at Durham, i, 74. 

Sand beck, Yorks, i, 59. 

Sandal, near Wakefield, i, 40. 

Sandford Peverel, Devon, iv, 72. 

Sandon, Staff., ii, 171. 

Sandwich, Kent, iv, 46, 48 ; battle 
of, 54, 61, 62. 

Sandyford brook, iv, 3. 

Sanford, near Sherborne, iv, 107. 

Sarsden (Circeden) manor, Oxon, 
ii, 2,4; v, 74. 

Sarum, Old, i, 260, 261. 

Sarum and Wilton borough, ii, 162. 

Saughall, Ches., iii, 91. 

Savick r., iv, 9. 

Savinian Order or Grey Friars, 
v, 5 : 

Sawbridgeworth, ii, 149. 

Sawley Abbey, Lane., ii, 21; v, 
40,44. 

Sawley Ferry, Derby s., \, 96. 

Sawtry abbey, ii, 30. 

Saxon pin found in Kent, iv, 49. 

Saxton, Yorks, battlefield of Tow- 
ton, and bones buried there, 

i, 43; iv, 77- 

Sayes Court, Kent, iv, 88. 

Scalby, i, 51, 52. 

Scarborough, Yorks, i, 46, 51; 
Castle, i, 59-61, 63, 64. 

Scargate, iii, 40. 

Schilleston creek, Plym r., i, 214. 

Schools, Free, at Leighton Broms- 
wold, i, 3 ; Grammar, at Newark, 
16; Hull, 49; Reading, no; 
Crewkerne, 160; Titchfield, 
281; Wells, 291; Wimborne, 
257; at Wainfleet, ii, 31; Lud- 
low, 77; Lichfield, 100; Tarn- 
worth, 104; free grammar, in 
Stafford, v, 1 8 ; at Uttoxeter and 
Stone, 19; Wolverhampton, 19; 
Malpas, 30; Lincoln, 121 ; Song 
and grammar at Durham, 127. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 339 



Schoukhold, ? Skokham isle, iii, 

62. 

Scilly Isles, i, 190, 191, 318. 
Scorbrough, Yorks, i, 45 ; iv, 

180. 
Scotland, debatable land on border 

at Netherby, Cumb., v, 51. 
Scots, fight with, in Cumberland 

and Durham, temp. Edw. Ill, 

v, 50; other border fights, 51; 

notes from Durham church of 

warfare with the Scotch, 125. 

See Eatable land. 
Scrivelsby, Line., v, 37. 
Scrooby, i, 33, 34, 89. 
Sea-coal, v, 140. See Coal. 
Seals breeding in Cornwall, i, 

322. 

Seamer, i, 59; ii, 6; v, 49. 
Seaton, Devon, i, 208, 242. 
Seaton, Jutland, i, 22. 
Seaton, Yorks, i, 58. 
Sebbar Vale, v, 45. 
Sedgmoor, i, 147. 
Seez, Abbey in Normandy, i, 214. 
Seint, Segant or Segent r., iii, 81, 

86, 89. 
Selaby, i, 76. 
Sele, Suss,, v, 209. 
Selling village, Kent, iv, 42. 
Selwood Forest, i, 150, 291; ii, 

119. 

Sempringham, i, 25. 
SenghenytS, Singhenith, Glam., 

iii, 13, 17, 20, 34; v, 237, 

239. 

Sessay, Yorks, iv, 128. 
Settrington, i, 58. 
Seuathan, Syvafcan Llyn, Breck- 
nock mere, iii, 10, 104, 106, 

in. 
Seukesham, alias Abingdon, i, 

121. 
Seven r., Yorks, i, 57. 



Severn r., ii, 26, 57, 64; iii, 54, 
55, 125; breadth of, ii, 63; 
bridges over, 81, 83, 84, 85, 



87; "sea," iii, 12, 13, 15, 29, 
43, 46, 61, 62, 116; iv, 125; 
river, 133, 134, 135; v, 16, 



101, 159, 237; crossing to Mine- 
head, 238 ; course, 9. 
Shaftesbury monastery and Abbey, 
ii, 24, 74; iv, 153; v, in; 
abbess, iv, 143; town, v, 105, 
no, in. 
Shalbourne village and river, 

Wilts, iv, 130; v, 80. 
Shap priory and Shap bridge, 

Westmor., v, 146. 
Sharford bridge, Warw., ii, 97. 
Shawbury village, Salop, v, 16. 
Sheffield, iv, 14, 15. 
Shefford Hardwick, Beds, v, 7. 
Shelve, Salop, ii, 78. 
Shenstone, Staff., ii, 99. 
Shenton, Salop, v, 29. 
Sheppey, Isle of, iv, 52, 57; its 

ferries, 58. 

Shepton Corbet Castle, v, 1 5. 
Sherborne, Dorset, i, 151-155, 

2 95 296; v, 108, 109, 1 10. 
Sherborne Water, Dorset, i, 296. 
Sherborne r., Warw., and bridge, 

ii, 108. 
Sherburn, Yorks, i, 59, 64; iv, 

13, 77. 
Sherriff Hutton Castle, Yorks, i, 

56, 65. 

Sherwood Forest, i, 94. 
Shifnal, Salop, v, 3. 
Shillingstone ?, v, 107. 
Ship, "Henry Grace deDiew,"i, 

283. See Brewing houses. 
Shipton, i, 45. 
Shirburn, Oxon, i, 115. 
Shires, five new (Welsh), iii, 54. 
Shonington, ? Shabbington, ii, 33. 
Shotwick Castle, Ches., iii, 91 ; v, 

24. 

Shrawardine Castle, v, 13, 230. 
Shrewsbury, ii, 21, 26, 81, 84; 

iv, I ; various names, ii, 82 ; 

castle, 82; v, 2, 13; relics of 

St. Winifred transferred to, ii, 

121 ; iii, 66, 126; hospital, iv, 

71; Grey Friars, 76; v, 12; 

Abbey, 15; battle-field, ii, 83. 
Shropshire, additions to, in 1536, 

iii, 54; v, 14; market towns, 



340 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



v, 12; castles, 13-15; abbeys 
and priories, 15, 16; rivers 
and soil, 16, 17; limits of, 

17- 

Shugborough, Shuckesbury, ii, 
169; manor place, v, 20, 21, 

22. 

Shute, Devon, iv, 120; v, 221; 

Hill, i, 241. 

Sibertswold, Kent, iv, 41. 
Sid r., i, 243. 
Sidling r., i, 248. 
Sidmouth, i, 243. 
Sigglesthorne, Yorks, iv, 1 80. 
Silchester, ii, 167; iv, no. 
Simondburn and Bellingham 

chapel, Northumb., v, 62. 
Simonsbath, i, 168, 298. 
Sinnington, i, 57 ; iv, 33. 
Sinnodune Castle, Carnarvon, iii, 

S3- 

Sinodune, Berks, i, 120. 
Sion Abbey, Isleworth, alien 

priory at Lancaster given to, 

iv, n. 

Sirhowy, Serowy, dyffryn, iii, 13. 
Sittingbourne, iv, 42, 58, 68, 87, 

88 ; hospital at Pokeshall, near, 

iv, 88. 

Siston, Glouc., v, 99. 
Skeffington, i, 14. 
Skegness, iv, 181. 
Skell river and bridges, i, 82, 84 ; 

iv, 29, 31. 

Skelton Castle, ii, 7. 
Skenfrith Castle and bridge, ii, 70 ; 

iii, 47. 

Skerford village and brook, i, n. 
Skerries, the, isles, Mdn, iii, 

132. 

Skipbridge, Yorks, v, 143, 144. 
Skipsea, i, 62. 
Skipton-in-Craven, i, 62. 
Skomer, Scalmey, Great and 

Little, islands, iii, 62. 
Skouthorp, near Walsingham, i, 

39- 

Slapton, i, 222. 
Slate quarries, i, 18. 
Sleaford, Line., i, 26, 27; v, 32. 



Slebech commandery of Knights 
of St. John, iii, 63. 

Slepe (St. Ives), ii, 142, 143. 

Slindon, Sussex, iv, 93. 

Smallbridge, Suff., ii, 17. 

Smallhead, Kent, iv, 63. 

Smallpurse brook, Here/., ii, 68. 

Smeaton, Yorks, i, 68. 

Smite r., Notts, i, 97; iv, 19. 

Smiths and cutlers, of Birming- 
ham, ii, 97; of Yorkshire, iv, 
14. 

Snape Castle, iv, 26, 27. 

Snodhill Castle, Here/., iv, 1 66; 
v, 176. 

Snodland, King's Snod, iv, 70. 

Snorre Castle, Pontefract, i, 39. 

Snowdon, Craig Eyri, y Wyfcva, 
iii, 77,81, 82, 121 ; v, 237. 

Soar river and bridges, i, 1 6, 1 8, 

19- 

Sockburn, Durham, i, 68, 69. 
Sodbury, Glouc., iv, 131; Little, 

Old, and Chipping, v, 94, 95, 

96, 102. 

Soham, iv, 101. 
Solent, coast of, i, 280. 
Solvach, Salverach, iii, 65. 
Sol way sands, i.e., sands of Sol- 
way Firth, Cumb., v, 51. 
Somerby, i, 25. 
Somergill brook, iii, 10, 49. 
Somersetshire, boundaries of, i, 

168; aquae dulces in, iv, 71; 

hospitals, J i. 
Sonning, Berks, i, 109. 
South Brent, Devon, i, 217. 
South Croke, iii, 86. 
Southall, Middx., ii, 114. 
Southam, Glouc., ii, 56; v, 158. 
Southam, Warw., ii, 109; v, n. 
Southampton, Hampton, i, 275- 

278; iv, 78; haven, 278-280; 

hospital, 277. 

Southminster, Essex, v, 170. 
South Shields, iv, 94. 
Southwell, mills and archbishops' 

palace, iv, 18. 
Southwick and monastery, Hants, 

i, 284; iv, 1 60. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 341 



Southwold, Suff., v, 173. 

Sow, Sowe r. and bridge, Wanv. , 
ii, 108; course of, v, 11, 20. 

Sowey river and bridges, i, 147. 

Spaldwick, Hunts, ii, 29. 

Spanish ships destroyed on Devon- 
shire coast, i, 216, 222. 

Sparsholt, Berks, iv, 99. 

Spaxton, Somerset, ii, if. 

Speke Hall, Lane., v, 42. 

Spilsby, v, 34. 

Spittal, Line., ii, 17. 

Splot, iii, 17, 19. 

Spofforth, Yorks, i, 87; Castle, 

v, 49- 
Springs of water from chalk hills, 

iv, 42, 50. 
Spurstow Hall and pool, Ckes., 

iv, 3; v, 28. 
Staffordshire, market towns, v, 

18; castles, 19, 20; rivers, 20, 

21 ; abbeys and priories, 21 ; 

forests, pools, parks, and chaces, 

22; soil, 23. 
Stafford, ii, 159; v, 18; Castle, 

19; St. John's free chapel, 21 ; 

monastery of St. Thomas, near, 

20. 
Stafford, Lord, at Stafford Castle, 

ii, 168. 
Staffordshire families, notes of, by 

Leland, ii, 168-172. 
Staindrop, i, 72, 76. 
Staines, i, 106, 107. 
Stainmore, Yorks, iv, 32. 
Stainsby in Hagworthingham, v, 

37- 
Stalbridge, Dorset, iv, 107; v, 

107, no. 
Stamford, Line., i, 22, 23, 44, 

99; ii, 160, 167; iv, 88, 90; 

v, 5. 32, 33. US, a privileged 

town, 89; students and halls 

there, ii, 160; iv, 89. 
Stamford Bridge, Yorks, iv, 33. 
Standish, Lane., iv, 8. 
Stand ley priory, v, 159. 
Stanford, Northants, iv, 91. 
Stanhope, Durham, i, 70, 71. 
Stanton Prior, Somers., i, 287. 



Stanway, Glouc., ii, 53 ; iv, 136, 
138, 151. 

Stanwick Park, iv, 31. 

Stares, i.e., starlings, iv, 3. 

Start Point, Devon, i, 222. 

Staughton, Great, i, I. 

Staverton, Wilts, i, 137. 

Steane, Northants, ii, 37. 

Steeple Ashton, v, 82, 83. 

Steple-Castle on Lugg, iii, 41. 

Sterborough Castle, Surrey, iv, 
118. 

Stert Point, Somers. , i, 167. 

Stirling, battle of, iv, 140, 156. 

Stittenham, Yorks, iv, 75. 

Stixwold priory, v, 38. 

Stock-fish trade with Iceland, i, 
48, 50. 

Stockport on Mersey, v, 24. 

Stockton-upon-Tees, v, 48. 

Stockton, Yorks, i, 56, 68, 77. 

Stoke Albany (Daubeney), North- 
ants, i, 98; ii, 18 ; v, 5. 

Stoke, ? Stoke Bishop, near Bris- 
tol, Glouc., v, 93-94. 

Stoke Castle, Salop, ii, 77, 79. 

Stoke Courcy, i, 167. 

Stoke Fleming Castle, Devon, i, 
221, 240 ; v, 230. 

Stoke by Luddington, ii, 18. 

Stoke town and bridge, Hants, i, 
269. 

Stoke-sub-Hamdon, i, 158, 159, 

297 ? iv, 73 5 v > 84- 

Stoke Poges, i, 108. 

Stokesay Castle, Salop, v, 15. 

Stoke St. Gregory, Somers., i, 
161. 

Stoke-upon-Tern, ii, 83. 

Stonar, Kent, iv, 48. 

Stone, free school and priory of 
canons, v, 19, 20, 21; Bury 
hill (?), King Wulpher's castle, 
near Stone, v, 20; tombs of 
the Staffords in the priory, v, 
21. 

Stonebridge on Thame r., ii, 112. 

Stone Castle, Kent, ii, 30; iv, 
69. 

Stone-house creek, Devon, i, 212. 



342 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Stoneleigh Abbey, ii, 1 66. 
Stone Street, Kent, iv, 66. 
Stonor park, Oxon, v, 72. 
Stonton Wyvile, i, 13. 
Stothart hill, Yorks, i, 85. 
Stour r., Dorset, and bridges, i, 

2 5 6 > 33> 34; iv, 109. 
Stour, Stur r., Kent, iv, 60, 69; 

course of, 70. 
Stour r., Wana. t v, 154. 
Stour or Dour r., Wore., ii, 86, 

87 ; its course, v, 220. 
Stourbridge, Wore., v, 220. 
Stourport (Rockstane), ii, 87, 89. 
Stourton Castle, Staff., v, 20, 

220. 
Stourton place and Park, Wilts, 

v, 106. 

Stow-on-the-Wold, iii, 39. 
Stowell, Glouc., iv, 78. 
Stowey, i, 163, 164. 
Strata Florida. See Ystrad Flur. 
Stratford Abbey, Essex, v, 160. 
Stratford - on - Avon, bridge and 

fair, ii, 27, 28, 47, 48-50. 
Stratton, Cornw., i, 176, 302, 

316, 325- 
Streatlam, ii, 9. 
Strensall monastery, v, 136. 
Stretford Bridge, ii, 80. 
Stretley, Notts, ii, II. 
Stretton Dale, with three town- 
lets Stretton, Salop, ii, 80, 81 ; 

v, 17. 
Strickland village, Westmor., v, 

4.7- . 
Strigulia, Chepstow, iii, 42. 

Studley priory and Abbey, ii, 35 ; 

iv, 129. 
Studley, High, Middle and Low, 

Yorks, v, 144. 
Sturminster, Dorset, i, 256; iv, 

107; Castle, 106; v, 107. 
Sturton, Line., i, 32. 
Stuteville Castle, i, 47. 
Sudbury, Glouc., iii, 102. 
Sudley Castle, Glouc., ii, 54, 55, 

56; v, 154, 155, 157, 221. 
Sugwas palace and Park, Here/., 

v, 184. 



Suilgate r., iv, 137. 

Sully, Scilley, iii, 22, 23. 

Sun beck, Northallerton, i, 67. 

68. 

Sunderland, i, 74. 
Sussex, aquae dulces et salsae in, 

iv, 71; hospitals, 70; houses of 

religion, v, 192. 
Sutton, Heref., v, 1 86; Somers., 

103; Staff., 23. 
Sutton chace, Warw., ii, 97. 
Sutton Coldfield, ii, 97-99; v, 

23- 

Sutton-in-the-Forest, Yorks, iv, 

12. 
Sutton on the Lugg, Offa's Palace, 

iv, 167. 

Sutton Pointz, Dorset, iv, in. 
Sutton Valence, iv, 88. 
S \\affham, iv, 116. 
Swale r., i, 78, 79; iv, 25, 26, 

30; v, 41; its course and bridges, 

i, 66; v, 139, 146. 
Swaledale, Suadale, Yorks, i, 58; 

iv, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32. 
Swanage, i, 255. 
Swan Pool(?), Cornw., i, 197. 
Swansea, Suansey, Swineseye, 

iii, 30, 61, 127; iv, 177; Haber- 

tawe, v, 238, 239. 
Sweldon, iii, 19. 
Swell, Glouc., iii, 39. 
Swillington, Yorks, ii, 19. 
Swinburne Castle, ? Northumb., 

v, 65. 

Swinerton, Staff., ii, 170. 
Swingfield, Kent, iv, 43. 
Sywell, Northants, iv, 97. 

Tabley Park, Ches., iv, 5; v, 27. 
Tadcaster bridge and Castle, i, 

43, 44, 56. 

Taidbrooke r. , iii, 40. 
Tale river and bridges, i, 239, 

240. 

Talgarth, iii, 107, 108, no, 1 12. 
Tal Hen Bont, Plas Hen, iii, 

85. 

Tal Llacharne or Laugharne 
Castle, Carm., v, 50. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 343 



Talmeneth, i, 187. 

Tal y bolion, iii, 134. 

Tal y bont, iii, 77. 

Tal y llychen, Talley priory, iii, 

52, 56, 58, 114. 
Tal y llyn, iii, 107. 
Tal y sarn, iii, 51. 
Tal y Van Castle, iii, 33 ; v, 240. 
Tamar river, creeks and bridges, 

i, 174, 210, 212, 301, 315, 324, 

325- 

Tamarton, i, 174, 301; iv, 116. 
Tame r., Warw., ii, 97, 99, 106, 

HO; bridges, 103, 105; course, 

v, 21. 
Tamworth, ii, 103-10$; Castle, 

104; v, 20 ; bridges, ii, 105. 
Tanfield Castle, iv, 27; Woody 

park, 31. 

Taranell r., iii, 105, no. 
Tarporley, Ches., v, 26. 
Tarraby, v, 6l. 

Tarrant Crawford nunnery, Dor- 
set, iv, 109. 
Tarrant monastery, Dorset, 

founded by Richard Poore, i, 

263. 

Tarset Castle, Northumb., v, 58. 
Tatham, Lane., iv, 122. 
Tattershall, Line., i, 29; v, 35, 36. 
Tatton manor, v, 26. 
Taunton, i, 161, 298. 
T&v, Taue, Taphe r., iii, 15, 17, 

19,20, 34, 57; iv, 179; v, 237, 

238, 239; course of, iii, 58, 61; 

bridges over, 35. 
Tavistock, i, 174, 190, 210, 301, 

3i8. 

Tavy r., Devon, i, 212. 
Taw r. (not Yeo), i, 170, 171, 

298, 299. 
Tawe, iii, 16. 
Tawstock, i, 171, 298. 
Teame r., Northumb., v, 58, 66. 
Tean r., Staff., v, 21. 
Teddington, Wore., iv, 138. 
Teesr., i, 51,61, 76, 78; iv, 27, 

28, 29, 30; v, 48, 49; course 

of, i, 77; iv, 31; bridges over, 

i, 68, 69. 



Teesdale, i, 77. 

Tehidy, Treheddy, i, 189. 

Teign river and bridges, i, 221, 

255- 

Teign-head, i, 225. 
Teignmouth, i, 224, 225. 
Teivi r., iii, 52, 56, 117, 118, 

124; lake, 56. 
Teme r., ii, 76; bridges over, 78; 

course of, 80; iii, 41, 50, 54; 

v, 16, 184, 189, 191. 
Temecestre, iii, 54, 55. 
Templars in Hereford, ii, 67, 68 ; 

in Dover, iv, 50; Canterbury, 

59- 

Temple Bmern, i, 28. 
Temple Ewell, near Dover, iv, 

50. 
Tenburyv borders of Wore, and 

Heref., ii, 78, 79 .; iii, 40; 

v, 17. 
Tenby, Dinbych y pysgod, ni, 61, 

116. 

Tenterden, iv, 62, 68. 
S. Tereudacus* chapel, on an isle 

in mouth of the Wye, iii, 42, 

46. 
Tern r. and bridges, ii, 83, 84; 

v, 14, 16. 

Ternhill village, v, 16. 
Terrigr., iii, 73. 
Terrington, i, 65. 
Tershire, iii, 28. 
Test r., i, 279. 
Test on, Kent, iv, 45. 
Tetbury, i, 130; iii, 39; iv, IO2, 

131, 132, 135- 

Tettenhall, near Wolverhampton, 
v, 19. 

Tew, Oxon, iv, 76; v, 75. 

Tewkesbury, ii, 27, 53, 57; Park 
and manor house, iv, 134, 136; 
town and bridge, 136, 137, 154, 
battle of, 1470, on Cast field, 
and names of those killed, 162; 
Jews at, 93. 

Tewkesbury, early priory of Bene- 
dictines, iv, 138; foundation of 
monastery and legend of the 
name, 150, 156; v, 91; Abbey 



344 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



owned lordship of Deerhurst, 
134, 140; abstract of chronicle 
of events, 150-161. 

Thame Abbey and town, Oxon, 
i, 115; ii, no, in; old, new, 
and Priests' end, iv, 35; hos- 
pital, and tomb in church, v, 
124. 

Thame r., ii, 33, 112; bridges, 
no, in. 

Thames r., i, 106, 109, 116, 118; 
iv, 52, 58; v, 7; bridges, i, 
107, 108 ; called Isis, v, 72, 73, 

75. 76. 

Thanet, Isle of, iv, 48, 60; Brit- 
ish and Roman names, 53; 
ferry at Sarre, 61. 

Thawan, Est, iii, 19, 22, 25, 26. 

Thawan, West, iii, 26, 28, 29, 30, 

3i 32- 

Thawan r. See Aber Thaw. 
Thaxstead, ii, 31. 
Thelsford, ii, 48; priory, Warw., 

v, 155- 

Thelwall, Lane., v, 41. 
Thetford, Line., i, 327; ii, 129, 

147- 

Thirlwall, v, 60. 
Thirsk and Castle, i, 67. 
Thoresby, PThotheby, Line., v, 

37- 
Thorn, a great quay near Favers- 

ham, iv, 68. 
Thornbury, Glouc., ii, 63, 64; v, 

159; inscription over the new 

gate-house, iv, 106; v, 100 ; 

town, 99; Castle and park, 

ICO. 

Thorne, near Stanford, Northants, 

iv, 91. 

Thorne, Yorks, i, 36. 
Thorney fens, ? Isle of Ely, ii, 

29. 

Thorney, Norf., ii, 9, 29. 
Thornham Castle, Kent, iv, 46. 
Thornhill, Dorset, iv, 142; v, 

107. 

Thornton, i, 64. 
Thornton Bridge, iv, 33. 
Thornton Curtis, Line., v, 37. 



Thorp, Yorks, i, 45. 

Thorpe Waterville Castle, North- 
ants, i, 6, 99; iv, 1 20. 

Thorverton, i, 229. 

Thrapston hermitage and bridge, 
i,6. 

Throckmorton, Wore., ii, 14. 

Throwley, Staff., ii, 172. 

Thunderland, i, 71. 

Thuresgill beck, i, 77. 

Thurgarton village and priory, iv, 
18. 

Thurstaston, iii, 91. 

Tickenhil, Wore., v, 9. 

Tickhill, i, 35, 36; iv, 15, 115; 
Maturin friars at, ii, 112. 

Ticknell Park, ii, 87, 88. 

Tilbury salt water, iv, 70. 

Till r., v, 57, 64; course of, 66. 

Tilton, Leic., ii, 18. 

Tin coinage at Truro, Helston, 
and Lostwithiel, i, 193, 198, 
205, 321, 322, 323; works, 189, 
191, 192, 315, 317, 318, 323. 

Tinbecchius, sinus, iii, 6l. 

Tindarthoy, iii, 134. 

Tinpath, Tynbot, Castle, iii, II. 

Tintagel, i, 177, 178, 302, 303, 
316-317- 

Tintern Abbey, iii, 43, 50; iv, 
101. 

Tipalt burn, Cumb., v, 53, 61. 

Tir Coety, iii, 21, 28, 33. 

Tir Mon, Anglesey. See Mon. 

Tir Steward, Tier Stuart, iii, 26, 

3i. 32, 33- 
Tirtre, or Three Towns, lordship 

in Monmouths. , ii, 71 (Skenfrith, 

Grosmont, and White Castle, 

the castles). 
Tir y Brenhin, iii, 26, 27, 28, 

29. 

Tir yr escob of Llandaff, iii, 18. 
Tir yr Jarll, Teryarlth, iii, 28, 33, 

34- 

Titchfield, i, 281. 
Titchfield r., course of, i, 281, 282. 
Titenhill, Somerset, i, 158. 
Titterstone Clee, v, 17, 189. 
Tiverton, i, 168, 229, 298. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 345 



Tixall, Tixhaul, Staff., ii, 169. 

Toddenham, ? Glouc. , iv, 83. 

Toddington, ii, 53; v, 155. 

Tofte, Line., ii, 147. 

Tollerton, i, 66, 67. 

Tonbridge, Kent, iv, 45. 

Tone river and bridges, i, 161. 

Tong, Salop, iii, 65; priory, v, 
15; Castle, 1 6. 

Tonge, Kent, iv, 42, 58; Castle, 
68, 87. 

Tonmer park, Dorset, v, 1 10. 

Topcliffe, on Swale r. , i, 66 ; v, 50. 

Topsham, i, 232. 

Tor Bay and Abbey, i, 220, 223, 
224. 

Torksey, i, 28, 29, 32. 

Tormarton, Glouc., v, 96, 98. 

Tor Mohun, i, 223. 

Tor Petit, i, 224. 

Torquay, i, 223. 

Torre Brient or Brian, Devon, iv, 
73 ; v, 50. 

Torridge r., i, 171, 172; course 
of, and bridges over, 173, 300. 

Torrington and Castle, i, 172, 173, 
300. 

Tortworth, Glouc., v, 96. 

Tory brook, Devon, i, 214, 215. 

Totnes, i, 218, 219. 

Towcester and Castle, i, 10, n. 

Townstall, i, 220. 

Towton, Yorks, i, 43 ; battlefield, 
iv, 77. 

Towy, Tewi r., iii, 57, 61, 113, 
114, 122, 123; iv, 175, 177, 179; 
course of, iii, 58. 

Towyn, iii, 77. 

Toxteth, v, 42. 

Trade, battle of, iv, 114; "le 
Trade," the roadstead in front 
of Brest haven (? modern le 
Goulet); memorable for two 
naval engagements, in 1512, 
and 1513 on 25th April, when 
Admiral Edward Howard was 
killed. The text probably refers 
to the second. See " Lett, and 
Papers, Hen. VIII," vol. i, 
No. 4,005. 



Trallwng or Welshpool, iii, 73. 
See Welshpool. 

Traeth Ar Llevain, MSn, iii, 134. 

Traeth bach, Carnarvon*., iii, 88. 

Traeth Coch, y M&n, iii, 133. 

Traeth Mawr, Carnarvon!. , iii, 80, 
88, 90. 

Traeth Vehan, iii, 90. 

Trecastle, iii, 84, 112. 

Tredegar, Alonmoitth, iii, 12, 14; 
iv, 84. 

Tredelerch, iii, 13. 

Tredewy, i, 176, 177, 302. 

Tredewy r., i, 177, 302. 

Tredine Castle, i, 189; iii, 65. 

Tredraith, iii, 123. 

Treelte, iii, 55. 

Trefawith, Welsh name for Here- 
ford, v, 176. 

Treflemig, iii, 31. 

Trefusis Point, i, 197. 

Tregaron, iii, 56, 57, 118. 

Tregelly, i, 209. 

Tregony, i, 199, 322. 

Trelaun manor, Looe, i, 208. 

Trelill, i, 178, 303. 

Tremaine, i, 195, 196. 

Trematon and Castle, Cornw., i, 
210, 215, 325; iv, 116. 

Trent r., Dorset, i, 254. 

Trent r., Notts, i, 32, 94-96; iv, 
1 8, 19; bridges over, i, 96; 
Staff., ii, 101, 103. 

Trentham parish, Staff., ii, 172. 

Trenwith, Cornw., i, 187. 

Trenewith in Powis land, v, 84. 

Trepont bridge, M6n, iii, 131. 

Trescow, SciTly Isles, i, 190. 

Tresgirth brook, Carmarthen, iv, 
178. 

Tresilian bridge, i, 198. 

Trethevey, Tredewy, i, 176. 

Trethyne or Trevyne Castle, i, 
318. 

Tretower, iii, 108. 

Trevaldwyn, iii, n. See Mont- 
gomery. 

Trevdraeth, MSn, iii, 130. 

Trevenna, i, 177, 302. 

Trevgarn, iii, 64. 



346 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Trevriw, Castle and river, iii, 84. 

Trev y clawS, iii, 10. 

Trewennack (?), i, 193. 

Tre y grug or Llan Kiby (Llan 
Gibby), iii, 44, 45. 

Triberhaw, ii, n. 

Trogy Castle, iii, 42, 44. 

Trofci, Trothy, Grace Dieu abbey, 
Monm., ii, 71. 

Trowbridge, i, 136, 137 ; v, 84, 97. 

Truham in the New Forest, iv, 
142. 

Truro, and creeks near, i, 198, 
322. 

Tubnay, Berks, v, 73. 

Tuddington, Beds, iv, 127. 

Tuinbarlwm, iii, 13. 

Tupholm priory, Line., v, 37. 

Turr, Corse y and Mynydd y, 
MSn, iii, 131. 

Tutbury, v, 19; parks attached 
to, 22. 

Tweed r. and its course, v, 67. 

Tweedmouth, v, 67. 

Twerton, Somers., i, 294. 

Twiford-on-the-Aln r., iv, 94. 

Twizel, Northumb., v, 66. 

Twll Coed, Tilth Coit, iii, 19. 

Twrkelyn, iii, 134. 

Twyford, Berks, i, 109. 

Twyford Bridge over Medway, 
iv, 45- 

Twyford, Hants, i, 274. 

Twyning parish, Glouc., iv, 135. 

Tyburn, a Percy hanged at, v, 
58. 

Ty gwyn ar Dav, Abbey, iii, 51, 
5& 

Tylery, the, Hull, i, 50. 

Tyndale, North and South, v, 61; 
parish churches and cells, 62 ; a 
privileged part of Northumber- 
land, 63; people of, great rob- 
bers, 67. 

Tyne r., 49, 66. 

Tynemouth, i, 74; Abbey, v, 63. 
See Coquet. 

Tythegeston, Tidug, iii, 29. 

Tywardreath, town and bay, i, 
202, 203, 322, 323. 



Ubley, Somers., v, 104. 
Uffenham bridge, ii, 47 ; abbot of 

Evesham's manor, ii, 53. 
Uffington, v, 145. 
Ulcombe, Kent, iv, 43. 
Ulleskelf, i, 43. 
Ulster, Ultonia, Holvestre, iv, 

155, 156. 
Ulvescroft (Wolvescroft) priory, 

Leic., i, 18; v, 222. 
Unk r., iii, 41. 
Uny Lelant, i, 192. 
Uphavon, Uphaven, Wilts, i, 261; 

v, 81. 

Upottery, i, 240. 
Uppingham, i, 22. 
Upsall, Yorks, v, 135, 138. 
Upton on Severn and bridge, ii, 

63; iv, 135- 

Upway (Uphil), i, 249, 250, 297. 
Ure, or Yore river and bridges, i, 

79, 80, 82-87 ; iv, 29, 30 ; course 

of, 31; v, 138, 139, 144- 
Uskr.,Wysc, Wisch, Monmouth, 

iii, 10, 12, 14, 44, 105, 106, 

1 08; iv, 84. 
Usk. See Caer Wysc. 
Utkinton, Ches., v, 26. 
Uttoxeter, v, 19, 21; free school 

there, 19. 
Uwch, Mynydd, Carnarvon*., iii, 

80. 
Uxbridge, i, 107, 108; ii, 113, 

114. 



Valency r., i, 176. 

Vale Royal, iv, 3. 

Vanne, iii, 18. 

Vaudey Abbey, i, 23. 

Vaulx College at Salisbury, 

founded by Giles Bridport, i, 

268. 
Vendreth vehan and vaur r., iii, 

59, 60. See Gwendraeth. 
Venedotia, Venetia, iii, 46; Elbod, 

bishop of, iv, 169. 
Vennones, men of Wensleydale, 

iv, 28. 
Venny, iii, 115. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 347 



Ventland. See Gwentland, Wente- 
land. 

Verneuil, iv, 100. 

Villa Viech Castle, iv, 177. 

Vineyard, The, ? in Kent or Essex, 
iv, 56. 

Vitro Castle, Naples, iv, 147, 
148. 

Vrenni vawr, Wrenne vawr moun- 
tain, iii, 58. 

Wade, Norf., iv, 116. 
Waddes Grave, Yorks, i, 59. 
Wadebridge, i, 178, 179, 180, 

183, 303- 

Wadele brook, iii, 42. 

Wadley, Berks, v, 73. 

Wainfleet, Waynflete, Line., iv, 
115, 181; free school, ii, 31. 

Wakefield, i, 41, 425 iv, 91; Low- 
hill (rightly Lawhill), i, 42; 
battle, 41; its two chapels and 
Castle, v, 38. 

Wales, Abbeys and Priories in, 
iii, IO, 48, 50-53, 55, 8l; limits 
of length, 43; marches of, iv, 
165, 167; some castles in, v, 
239, 240. 

Wales, scattered events and dates 
in history, iv, 124-126; brief 
notes of early personages and 
places, 168; abstract chronicle 
from ? " Brut y Tywysogion " 
and " Annales Menevensis," 
168-177, 182. 

Walkington, Yorks, i, 51 ; iv, 
1 80. 

Wallasey, Ches., iii, 92. 

Walling Fen, i, 51. 

Wallingford, i, 118-120, 306; ii, 
4; College, i, 126; hospital, iv, 
71; on the ancient way to 
London from Gloucester, v, 77, 

"5- 

Walmer, iv, 49. 

Walsall smiths and bit makers, 

coal and iron there, v, 23. 
Waltham, iv, 112, 113. 
Walton on Darwen, iv, 8. 
Walverius Castle, iv, 177. 



Walwyn, iii, in. 

Wandelep lordship, Leic., ii, 169. 

Wansbeck r., Northumb., iv, 123; 
v, 62, 63, 66. 

Wantage, v, 78. 

Wantsum r. , Kent, iv, 53, 60 . 

Wardle in Bunbury, Ches., v, 
26. 

Wardon, Warden, Abbey, Beds, 
i, 90-93, 101; v, 7,8. 

Wareham, i, 253, 254, 255. 

Wark Castle, v, 64, 67. 

Warkworth Castle, v, 49, 60, 
64. 

Warminster, i, 262; v, 83; a 
limit of Selwood forest, v, 105. 

Warrington, iv, 8; v, 42; house 
of Friars, ii, 21; v, 41. 

Warsop, iv, 16. 

Warton, Lane., iv, n; Here/., 
165. 

Wartor priory, Yorks, i, 47, 93. 

Warwickshire, market towns, v, 
10, n; castles, 1 1 ; rivers, 1 1 ; 
length and boundaries, 12. 

Warwick, ii, 28, 40-46, 109; 
Castle, 40, 41; castle and town, 
v, 154; three parks near, ii, 46; 
v, 155; notes from Rowse on 
buildings in, and history, ii, 
158, 165, 1 66; name derived 
from Guair, 166, 168 ; Dubritius, 
bishop, 1 68; churches and 
chapels, v, 153, 154; names 
from windows and burials in 
the church, v, 150-153. 

Warwick, Deans of the Collegiate 
Church of St. Mary's, tombs: 
Alester, ii, 42; v, 151; William 
Bareswell, or Berkswell, ii, 41 ; 
v, 151; Haseley, schoolmaster 
to Henry VII, ii, 42; v, 151. 

Warwick village, near Carlisle, iv, 

34- 

Wash, orGwash r., Line., i, 23, 
99; iv, 115; bridges over, v, 

145- 

Waters, usually rivers, fresh and 
salt, named in the " Mappa 
Mundi " in the counties Kent 



348 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Sussex, Hampshire, Dorset, 
Somerset, Devon, Essex, Nor- 
folk, Northampton, Bucks, 
Gloucester, Hereford, Shrop- 
shire, Cheshire, and Yorkshire, 
i v > 7O 7i and in other coun- 
ties, v, 192-195. 

Water brought in lead (pipes) at 
Petworth, iv, 92; other places 
with water supply, v, 92, 126, 
132, 145. See Conduits. 

Watford, iv, 98. 

Watling Street, i, 10, 32, 39, 42, 
43, 44, 78, 84, 85, 88 (see 
Ermine Street, pp. 98, 99), 104; 
v, 12; from Boroughbridge to 
Carlisle, 146, 147. 

Watlington, Oxon, i, 115, 235. 

Waynfleet, Lint., v, 35, 37, 38. 

Weald of Kent, iv, 56, 62; of 
Sussex, 68, 92. 

Wear r., i, 69-75; v, 48, 49, 65, 
129; bridges over, 71, 72, 73, 

74- 
Weardale, i, 70, 71, 74; v, 65, 

128, 129. 

Wearmouth priory, v, 49. 
Weaver r., CAes., iv, 4, 5, 6; v, 23, 

25- 

Wednesbury, v, 23. 
Wedgnock park, Warw., v, 155. 
Weedon, i, 10. 
Weedon r. , course of, i, 10. 
Weeford on the Bourne, ii, 133. 
Welbeck Abbey, i, 89, 90. 
Welbeck r., i, 89, 90. 
Weldon, Northants, i, II. 
Welew, Somerset, i, 137, 285. 
Welford, Glouc., i, 127. 
Welland r., i, 12, 13, 22, 99; ii, 

129, 146; iv, 90; bridges over, 

v, 145- 

Wellhope beck, i, 71. 
Wellingborough, i, 7; ii, 127, 

146. 

Wellington, Beds, i, 2. 
Wellington, Here/., ii, 71. 
Wellington, Salop, v, 18. 
Wells, i, 144-146; St. Andrew's 

well, 144, 146, 291. 



Wells, Cathedral, and bishops, , 

291-294; bishops' palaces, 146, 

294; hospitals, 292. 
Wells or springs in Brackley, 

Northants, ii, 37. 
Wellsburne, ii, 48. 
Wellstreme, Bucks, ii, 33. 
Welsh Bicknor Castle, iv, 166. 
Welshpool, ii, 83; iii, 41, 53, 55, 

73, 125; iv, 167. 
Wendover, ii, 112. 
Wenhaston, near Ely thburg, Suff. , 

possible remains of ancient 

castle and abbey, ii, 25. 
Wenlock Edge, ii, 80, 84. 
Wenlock town and Abbey, ii, 84; 

v, 15, 190. 

Wenny. See Ewenny. 
Wenteland, Wenceland, iii, 12, 

13, 14, 42, 43, 44, 45; High 
and Low, iv, 84, 85. 

Wentllugh. 5^Gwynllwg, iii, 12, 

14, 45; iv, 84. 

Weobley, Castle and town, Heref., 

ii, 69, 169; iv, 166; v, 188. 
? Weobley Castle, in Gower, iii, 

127. 

Wenning r., iv, 122. 
Wensley, Wencelaw, Yorks, i, 

79 ; iv, 26, 27 ; bridge over Ure 

r.,v, 134. 
Wensleydale, Yorks, i, 83; iv, 

27, 28, 30; v, 138. 
Wensum r., Nor/., iv, 122. 
Went Bridge, i, 38, 88 ; river, 40, 

42. 

Went village, iv, i . 
Wenvo Castle and church, iii, 22 ; 

v, 240. 

West Auckland, i, 69. 
Westbridge near Sherborne, iv, 

106. 

Westbury, ii, 164. 
Westbury near Bristol, Glouc., v, 

227, 228. 

Westbury, Wilts, v, 83, 84. 
Westbury in Forest of Dean, 

Glouc., ii, 64. 
West Butterwick on Trent, i, 

38. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 349 



West Derby hundred, Lane., iv, 6, 

8; v, 40. 
West Gate and Park, Durham, i, 

70. 
Westmoreland and Richmondshire 

boundary, iv, 32; v, 146; W. 

and Lancashire borders, v, 48; 

gentlemen of name in, 146. 
Weston, Staff., ii, 172; v, 16. 
West Tanfield and Castle, i, 83. 
Weston, Staff., ii, 172; v, 16. 
Wetheral priory, cell to St. Mary, 

York, v, 54. 
Wetherby, i, 44, 88. 
Weun, Waen, Gueyne or Chirk, 

iii, 72. 

Wey r., i, 249, 250. 
Weymouth, i, 249, 250, 305. 
Whalley Abbey, ii, 21. 
Whalley, ? for Sawley, Lane., v, 

40, 44. 
Whapelode, Line., ii, 129, 146, 

147 5 v, 33. 
Wharfe r., and bridges, i, 43, 44, 

88. 

Whatton Hall, iv, 19. 
Wheel brook, near Frome, v, 98. 
Whichford, Warw., ii, 35. 
Whickham, Durh., v, 48. 
Whitbourne, fferef., v, 184. 
Whitby, i, 51,61,64; St. Hilda's 

founded, v, 124. 
Whitchurch, Salop, iii, 73; iv, I, 

2; v, 16, 17; burials at, 3; C. 

Talbot, parson of, 3 ; Castle, 

f 3- 

White Castle, Monm., ii, 71 ; iii, 

47- 

White Lackington, i, 160. 
Whitland, Carmarthen!., iii, 62, 

114, 115, 123. 
Whitley Hall, Ches., iv, 74. 
Whitstable, iv, 46, 69, 70. 
Whitster, bridge over Onny r., ii, 

79 

Whitstone, Staff., iv, 129. 
Whittington in Cotswold, v, 228. 
Whittington Castle and village, 

Salop, iii, 76; v, 13. 
Whitsunday games, iv, 20. 



Whittlesea,/7/.r(butnow Camb.), 

ii, 127; iv, 40. 
Whitwell, i, 56. 
Whitwick Castle, i, 18. 
Whitwood, Yorks, i, 42. 
Whorleton Castle, ii, 6. 
Whorwelsdown, v, 83. 
Wiccii, the Hwiccas, ii, viii, 163, 

1 68. 

Wich, the. See Droitwich. 
Wichnor on the Trent, ii, 172. 
Wick, Somers., v, 86, 104. 
Wickham, Hants, i, 281, 285. 
Wickham, Surrey, ii, ii. 
Wickwar, Glouc., v, 96. 
Wiclif, Richmondshire, iv, 28. 
Wigan, Lane., iv, 75; v, 41. 
Wigan chapel, near Llan Tinan, 

M&n, iii, 134. 
Wight, Earl of, iv, 142, 157; king 

of, 1 60. 

Wight, Castles in Isle of, i, 281. 
Wigmore Abbey, Hereford, ii, 8, 

69; iii, 48; v, 190; townlet, ii, 

69; iii, 48; Castle, v, 13. 
Wiknor Bridge, v, 21. 
Wilberfoss, i, 45. 
Wiley r., course of, i, 262. 
Wilksby, Line., v, 37. 
Willenhall or Winhall, ii, 108. 
Willey, Salop, iii, 67. 
Willington, Beds, i, 102. 
Willington, Northumb., v, 62. 
Williton, i, 164. 
Willow beck, Yorks, i, 67. 
Wilsford, i, 27, 28. 
Wilton, formerly the county town, 

Wilts, i, 260, 262; hospital, 

304- 
Wilton Castle on the Wye, iv, 

167. 

Wilton, Yorks, i, 62. 
Wimborne, i, 255, 256, 257. 
Wimborne St. Giles, i, 257, 258. 
Wimborne r. See Allen r., Dorset. 
Wimmerleigh, iv, 10. 
Wincanton, v, 107. 
Winchcomb, ii, 53-56, 143; v, 

157 ; monastery and town, 22 1; 

Abbey church, ii, 54; iv, 135; 



350 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



abbots, Richard and William, 

, 54, 55- 

Winchelsea, the old town and the 
new, iv, 113, 114. 

Winchester, i, 269-274; new col- 
lege in, 271, 279; distances 
from, 275, 285 ; Bishops of, 
Brinstan, 229 ; John of Pontoise, 
271 ; hospitals, iv, 71 ; the con- 
flagration, A.D., noi, v, 174. 

Windermere, v, 47. 

Windrush river and village, iv, 
81 ; v, 73. 

Windsor, i, 106; New, ii, 28, 
145; castle ditch, iv, 118; 
homage by James Stuart, King 
of Scotland, to Henry VI at, 
iv, 127. 

Winforton, Heref., iv, 164. 

Wingfield Manor, Derby 's., iv, 14. 

Wingham College, Kent, iv, 37. 

Winhall, ii, 108. 

Win wick, near Warrington, v, 41, 
42. 

Wirksworth, v, 31. 

Wirral, Wyrale, Ches., iii, 91, 92; 
v, 26; property in, given to 
Lichfield school, ii, 100. 

Wiscombe, Devon, i, 242; iv, 
1 20. 

Wiske r. and bridge, Yorks, i, 
67, 68; course of, iv, 30. 

Wisteston bridge over Lugg r., ii, 
70. 

Witham, Line., iv, 123. 

Witham r. (Lindis), i, 29, 31; 
iv, 123. See Lindis. 

Withcote, i, 21, 22. 

Witherington Castle, v, 63, 64. 

Withow Hill, iii, 89. 

Witney, Oxon, v, 73. 

Witton, Northumb., iv, 118. 

Woburn Abbey, Bucks, iv, 147; 
v, 7- 

Wold the, Yorks, i, 45. 

Wolsingham, Durh*, i, 70; v, 48, 
129. 

Wolverhampton, ii, 170; v, 15, 
19, 22. 

Wolverton, ii, 22. 



Wolvescroft Priory, Leic., i, 1 8. 

Wolvesey, Winchester, i, 270. 

Wombridge priory of Black canons, 
v, 15, 18. 

Wood, consumption of, in making 
salt, ii, 94; dear at Lichfield, 
103 ; its value in husbandry, iv, 
7 ; lack of, for iron smelting, v, 

43- 

Woodford, Wilts, i, 261. 
Woodsford Castle, i, 249; iv, 73. 
Wood mill, Hants, i, 280. 
Wool bridge, i, 249. 
Woolwich, iv, 12. 
Worcestershire, market towns in, 

v, 8, 9 ; castles, 9 ; rivers, 9 ; 

forests and chases, 10. 
Worcester, ii, 89-92; iii, 40, 50; 

gates, ii, 89 ; Castle, 90; bridge, 

90; St. Oswald's chapel, 90, 

91 ; former Hospital, 90, and 

commandery of St. Wolstan, 

91 ; notes from Rowse on 

bishops and early events at, 

163, 164, 168; church roof, 

164; notes from Florence, and 

Mat. Paris on events at, 165. 
Worcester, list of bishops from 
A.D. 692 to 1539, v, 224-227 ; 
names of those on which are 
additional notes: 

John Pagham, v, 225, 228. 

Maugerius, 226, 228. 

Godfrey Giffart, 226, 227. 

Thomas Cobham, 226, 227. 

Wolstan, 226, 227. 

William Lynn, 226, 227. 

Henry Wakefield, 226, 227; 
tomb, 228. 

Titteman, 226, 227. 

Richard Clifford, 226; tomb, 
227. 

John Carpenter, 226, 228 ; tomb, 
227. 

John Alcock, 226 ; tomb, 227. 

Robert Morton, 226 ; tomb, 227. 

John Giglis, 226, 228. 

Julius Medicis, 227, 228. 

Hugh Latimer (repaired Alve- 
church place), 228. 



INDEX OF PLACES, ETC. 351 



Worcester, places belonging to the 
bishopric : Worcester palace, 
Hartlebury Castle, Alvechurch, 
Northwick Park, Whittington, 
Glouc., Hillingdon, Midd., 
Stroud Place, London, v, 228; 
places belonging to the priory, 
Batenhall and Grimley, 228, 
Hallow, Crowle, and Moor, 
229 ; some burials in the cathe- 
dral, 229, 230. 

Workington, Cumb., v, 50, 54. 

Worksop (alias Radford) and 
Castle, i, 89; iv, 15, 16, 17. 

Worksop Water (Ryton), i, 89. 

Wormbridge, ii, 68. 

Worme brook, iii, 49; v, 175. 

Worme river and its course, v, 

175- 
Worme's Head, iii, 61 ; cavern 

there, iv, 178. 
Wormesley Abbey, Here/., iii, 49; 

v, 190. 

Wormesley r., ii, 71. 
Wormley, Herts, iv, 112. 
Worseley bridge on Trent, Staff,, 

ii, 171. 

Worthenbury, Guothumbre, iii, 68. 
Worthing village, Montgomery, 

iii, 54. 

Worthy, Hants, i, 274. 
Wotton Castle, i, 57. 
Wotton-under-Edge, iv, 105, 132, 

133; v, 95- 
Wragby village and beck, Line., 

v, 3- 

Wrangle, Line., iv, 181. 
Wrangton cote, i, 37. 
Wratesley, ii, 170. 
Wraxall, Somers., v, 104. 
Wreak r., iv, 19, 120; v, 145. 
Wreigh r., Northumb., v, 66. 
Wrekin hill, the, ii, 83. 
Wrenbury park, Ches., v, 29. 
Wressell, i, 44, 45, 52 ; Castle, 52- 

54? >v, 33. 745 v, 49. 
Wrexham, iii, 69, 70, 73. 
Wrexley, Wilts, i, 134. 
Writhorpe, Northants, ii, 127 

146. 



Wroxall Priory, Wanv., ii, 46. 
Wroxeter, ii, 83; v, 9. 
Wychwood Forest, v, 73, 74. 
Wy combe and West Wycombe, 

Bucks, v, 7. 
Wye r., Bucks, v, 7. 
Wye r. , Derby s. , and its course, v, 

31- 

Wye, town, Kent, iv, 37, 38, 46, 

70. 
Wye r., Wales, ii, 64, 65, 69; iii, 

10,43, 45, 46, 47,49, 53, ". 

Ill, 120, 122, 124; iv, 164, 165, 

1 66; bridge over, at Hereford, 

v, 188. 

Wyke Farm, Dorset, v, 108. 
Wykeham priory, Yorks, i, 64. 
Wymondham, Leic., iv, 123. 
Wymondham, Norf., iv, 119. 
Wynno, Wonno, Llan, iii, 22. 
Wysc r., Wisch, Whisk, Usk, iii, 

IO, 12, 44, 46, 105, 1 06; its 

course, 109, 112. 
Wyrale, Wyralshire, Weardale, v, 

6 S . 

Wyre r., Lane., iv, 9. 
Wytham, Berks, ii, 3. 



Yade More, i, 77. 

Yalding, Kent, iv, 45. 

Yale lordship, iii, 69, 70, 71, 78; 

Castle, iv, 176. 

Yareham bridge, Durh., v, 128. 
Yarkhill, Here/., iv, 165. 
Yarm, Yorks, \, 68, 77 ; ii, 6. 
Yarrow r., iv, 8. 
Yarty r., Devon, \, 244. 
Yaunton, near Barnstaple, iv, 127. 
Yealm river and bridges, Devon, 

i, 2l6, 222. 

Yeddingham, i, 45 ; priory, 64. 
Yeo r. (Ivel), i, 151, 155, 248; v, 

108; course of, i, 156, 157, 296, 

297; iv, 73, 109; v, 109, no; 

bridges, iv, 109, no. 
Yeolm bridge, Cornw., i, 174, 

301. 
Yeovil and bridge, i, 297 ; iv, 1 10 ; 

v, 109. 



352 



LELAND'S ITINERARY 



Yetminster, Dorset, iv, 106; v, 

108. 
York, i, 44, 54-56, 65, 66, 87 ; iv, 

12, 14; Minster, ii, 59, 60; v, 

129 ; three parks of the arch- 
bishop, iv, 1 8 ; churches, All 

Saints in North Street and All 

Saints on the Pavement, v, 144. 
York, Archbishops, notes on the 
first five, viz. : 

Paulinus, first Archbishop, v, 
136- 

Cedda, v, 136. 

St. Wilfrid, v, 136. 

Bosa, v, 136. 

St. John, v, 136. 
The following Archbishops 
buried ? at York : 

Walter Giffart, v, 134. 

Henry Murdach, v, 134. 

Gerard, v, 135. 

John of Thoresby, v, 135. 

Thomas, junior, v, 135. 

John Rom anus, v, 135. 

Rotherham, Chancellor of Eng- 
land and France, v, 135. 

George Neville, v, 135. 

Salvage, v, 135. 
Yorkshire divisions, Richmond- 



shire, Cleveland, and Craven- 
land, iv, 31. 
Yorkshire dales, iv, 30-32 ; castles, 

71 ; aquae dulces, 71 ; eleven 

towns named, 38-40. 
Yorkshire, East, sketch map, iv, 

181 n. See Facsimile. 
Ynys Badrig, Little Mouse Isle, 

Mon, iii, 132. 

Ynys Enlli, Bardsey Isle, iii, 8 1. 
Ynys Tudwal, iii, 88. 
Ynys y Meirch, iii, 88. 
Yr Wyfcgriig, Wriothegrig, iii, 72. 
Ystrad Alun, iii, 72. 
Ystrad r., Denbighs., iii, 98. 
Ystrad Dyvodwg (y Fodwg), iii, 

1 6, 22. 
Ystrad Flur, Strata Florida 

Abbey, iii, 51, 118, 120, 122, 

123, 125. 

Ystrad Gynleis, iii, 16. 
Ystrad Marchell, iii, 55. 
Ystrad yw hundred, iii, 108. 
Ystuith, Ostwith, r., iii, 56, 119, 

124. 

Ystymaneir commote, iii, 77. 
Y Weun, Waen, Guayne or Chirk, 

iii, 72. 
Y Wy*va, Withow Hill, iii, 89. 



CHISWICK PRESS: PRINTED BY CHARLES WHITTINGHAM AND co. 

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LELAND IN ENGLAND 

MAP H. 



The hilL regions over 500 feet are shown, thus L 
Land- over 1500 feet 



X-EX-AKD'S ROUTE. 



10 



Red is for Part H.JH, (Vol.l) \ dott 

01 ~V /l/~/ T7"l I COn if 

Blue " JL, { vol. '/ j 



SCALE OF MILES 
O 10 



dotted 
when 
' ctural. 



30 



E N 



352 LELAND'S ITINERARY 



&A Leland, John 

610 The itinerary of John 

L4 Leland 

1907 

v.5 



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