(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Iz istorīi romana i povi︠e︡sti: materīaly i izsli︠e︡dovanīi︠a︡"

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 



at |http : //books . google . com/ 




9tO D,H(J)pOBaH KOHHH KHHrH, XpaHHII];eHCH JIJIR HOTOMKOB Ha 6H6jIHOTeHHbIX HOJIKaX, Upe^KJie HGM ee OTCKaHHpOBaJIH COTpy;],HHKH 

KOMHaHHH Google B paMKax HpoeKTa, d^gjib KOToporo - c;],ejiaTb KHHrn co Bcero MHpa ;],0CTyHHbiMH nepes HHTepnex. 

riponijio ;i,0CTaT0HH0 MHoro BpeMCHH jiJi^ Toro, ^To6bi cpoK jiepLCTBn^ aBTopcKHx HpaB Ha 3Ty KHHry HCTGK, H OHa Hepenijia b CBo6o;],Hbm 
jlocTju. KHHra nepexo^i^HT b CBo6o;],Hbm j^octjh, gcjih na nee ne 6bijiH HO^anbi aBTopcKHe HpaBa hjih cpoK ^i^eiicTBHH aBTopcKHx HpaB 
HCTGK. riepexo;], KHHrH B CBo6oAHbiH ;],0CTyH B pasHBix CTpanax ocyn],ecTBjiHeTCH no-pasnoMy. Khhfh, Hepeme^i^niHe b cboGo^^hbih ^ocxyn, 
3T0 nam kjhoh k nponijiOMy, k 6oraTCTBaM hctophh h Kyjibxypbi, a TaK:a<:e k snaHHHM, KOTopbie nacTO xpy^i^HO naHTH. 

B 3TOM 4)aHjie coxpaHHTCH Bce homgtkh, HpHMenaHHa h ;];pyrHe sanncH, cym^ecTByioni^He b opnrHHajibHOM H3;],aHHH, KaK HanoMnnaHHe 
o TOM ;],ojiroM nyxH, KOTopbm KHHra npomjia ot HS/i^axejiH jio GhGjihotgkh h b kohghhom HTore jio Bac. 

IIpaBHJia Hcnojib30BanHH 

KoMHaHHH Google rop^i^HTca tgm, ^to coTpy^HH^aex c 6H6jiHOTeKaMH, ^To6bi nepeBecTH khheh, Hepeme;i,mHe b cboGo^i^hbih ^i^ocTyn, b 
u,H(J)poBOH (J)opMaT H c^i^GJiaTb Hx HiHpoKO^i^ocTyHHbiMH. Khheh, HepeniG^i^niHe B CBo6o;],HbiH ^ocTyn, HpHHa;],jie:a<:aT o6n],ecTBy, a mbi jinnib 
xpaHHTejiH 3Toro ;],ocTOHHHH. TeM He Menee, 3th khhfh ;],0CTaT0HH0 ;],oporo ctoht, nosTOMy, htoGbi h b ^ajibHeHmeM npe^i^ocTaBjiHTb 
3T0T pecypc, MBI Hpe;],HpHHHjiH HeKOTopbiG ;],eHCTBHH, Hpe^OTBpan],aion],He KOMMep^ecKoe HCHOJibsOBanHe khhf, b tom ^hcjig ycTanoBHB 
TexHHHecKHe orpanHneHHii na aBTOMaTHnecKne sanpocbi. 

Mbi TaKTKe HpocHM Bac o cjie;],yK)ii],eM. 

• He HCHOJibsyHTC 4)aHJibi b kommcphcckhx u^ejiax. 

Mbi pa3pa6oTajiH HporpaMMy Hohck khhf Google j^ji^ Bcex HOJibsOBaxejieH, H03TOMy HCHOJibsyHxe 3th 4)aHjibi TOJibKO b jihhhbix, 
HeKOMMep^ecKHx D,ejiHx. 

• He OTHpaBji^HTC aBTOMaxH^ecKHe saHpocbi. 

He OTHpaBjiHHTe b CHCTCMy Google aBTOMaxHHecKHe saHpocbi jiio6oro BH^i^a. Ecjih Bbi sanHMaexecb Hsy^eHHCM chctcm ManiHHHoro 
HepcBO^a, OHTH^ecKoro pacH03HaBaHH:a chmbojiob hjih ;i,pyrHx oGjiacxen, rj^e ^i^ocxyn k 6ojibmoMy KOJinnecTBy TCKCxa Mo:a<:eT 
OKasaxbCH hojicshmm, CBH:a<:HTecb c naMH. ^jih 3thx D,ejieH mm pcKOMCH^i^yeM HCHOJibsOBaxb MaxepHajibi, Jiepeuiefljjine b cboGo^i^hbih 

• He y;];ajiHHTe aTpH6yTbi Google. 

B Ka:a<:^OM 4)aHJie cctb "bo;],hhoh snaK" Google. Oh hosbojihct HOJibSOBaxejiaM ysnaxb 06 3tom npocKxe h noMoraex hm naHTH 
;],OHOJiHHTejiBHBie MaTcpHajiBi HpH HOMOHi^H HporpaMMbi HoHCK KHHF Googlc. Hc y^i^ajiHHTe ero. 

• /l^ejiaHTe 3to saKOHHO. 

HeaaBHCHMO ot toto, hto Bbi HcnojibsyHTe, ne 3a6y;],bTe npoBepHTb saKOHHOCTb cbohx ^j^chctbhh, 3a KOTopbie Bbi neceTe nojinyio 
OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb. Hc ^yMaHTe, MTO ecjiH KHHra nepenijia b CBo6o;],HbiH ^ocTyn b CIIIA, to ee na 3tom ocHOBannH MoryT 

HCHOJIbSOBaTb HHTaTeJIH H3 ^l^pyTHX CTpaH. yCJIOBHH JI^JIR HepeXO^a KHHTH B CB06o;],HbIH ;],OCTyH B pa3HbIX CTpanax pa3JIHHHbI, 

H03T0My HCT e^i^HHbix HpaBHji, H03BOJiHion],Hx OHpe^i^ejiHTb, Mo:a<:HO jiH B OHpe;],ejieHHOM cjiynae HCH0Jib30BaTb onpe^ejieHHyio 
KHHry. He ;];yMaHTe, ^to ccjih KHHra HOHBHjiacb b Hohckc khhf Google, to ee Mo:acHO HCH0Jib30BaTb KaK jtojiho h rjie yro;],HO. 
HaKa3aHHe 3a napymeHHe aBTopcKHx npaB Mo:H<:eT 6biTb onenb cepbe3HbiM. 

O nporpaMMe IIohck Knnr Google 

MhCCHH Google COCTOHT B TOM, HTo6bI OpraHH30BaTb MHpOByK) HH4)0pMaH,HK) H C^l^CJiaTb CC BCeCTOpOHHC ;],OCTyHHOH H HOJie3HOH. 

HporpaMMa Hohck khhf Google noMoracT H0Jib30BaTejiHM naHTH khhfh co bccfo MHpa, a aBTopaM h nsj^diTeji^M - hobbix HHTaTejien. 



HojiHOTCKCTOBbiH HOHCK HO 3TOH KHHFC Mo:a<:HO BbiHOJiHHTb Ha CTpaHHH,e http://books.google.eom/ 



■?'0^t 



.'•-••* 



^■^:^> 



;: '*'.:'V»^Nf' 



■^'^^•f^t^ 



3^ i Lt^ 



■> 



Digitize'd by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OTJlMEHIli PyCCKArO flSUKA fl yOBBGHOGTH HMflEPiTOPGROJl AKAJieMlii lAfKl. 
ToM% XUV, ]^ 3. 



mh HCTOPffl 



POMAHA H nOB^CTM. 



MATEPIAJIH H HSCJI^JlOBAHia 
AKaAeMHKa A. H. BecejiOBCKaro. 



BUnyCKt BTOPOtt. 

CJIAMHO-POMAHCKlft OTJIi^JTb. 



CAHKTHETEPByPr'B. 

THDOITA<l>IH MMnEPATOPCKOtI AKAABMIH HAXKl). 
Rac. OcTp., 9 x., J^ft 12. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HaDenaTaHO no pacnopflHceHiio HMnsPATOPCKoft AKaAeMiM Hayxi*. 
C.-IleTep6yprB, GeHTfl6pb 1888 rojia. 

HeQpeii'i^HBuft GexpeTapb, ARaAeMHK'b K. BeceAoeaciii, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



CJIABMO-POMAHCKIH HOB'BCTfl. 



noAT> HasBaHiewL «c.iaBflHo-poMaHCKHX'b» noBtCTen n He^aji^ 
6bi BbiAiJiHTL ocofiyK) rpynny loatHOCjaBaHCKHX'b pascKaaoBi*, o6i- 
eAHHeHHyio xapaKxepoMt hx'b hctohhekobt* h irfeKOTopbiMH oco6eH- 
HOCTflMH HXT* HAeEJibHaro coAepacaHifl. M-fecTO, aanHMaeMoe hmb 

Bl HCTOpiH paSBHTin CJiaBSHCKOH nOB-feCTH B006me, CO BKJIIOieHieM'B 

pyccKofi, npHxoAHTCfl no cpeAHH-fe MeacAy BeBaHxificKHM^ BJiiiraieMi, 
o6ycjiOBHBinHMi> ApeBHiii cocTaBi> lorocjiaBHHCKon noBicTBOBaTejn>- 
HOE JHTeparypki^ n no3AHHMi> sanaAHbiBfB, KOCHyBmaMCH PycH npn 
nocpeACTB-fe, rjiaBHbiM'b oCpaaoMii, IIojibmH. 3T0My nocjfcAHeMy 
npHHaAJieacHTb coxpaeHBinaflCfl btj nosHancKOM-b cOopraKt XVI Btna 
«HcT0piH o6t> AxTHjrfe Kopoxfe yropcKOMX)), OTHOCflmancfl kx oco- 

60My pOAy HCTOpHHeCKHX'b nOBtCTefi H CaCHOCJIOBHblX'b Xp0HBKT>. 

BbiKJiK)4aH e6 H31 rpynnbi «cj[aBflHO-poitfaHCKHxi>» CKasaHin h 
OTHecb-Cbi KT> HHMT*, HaofiopoTb, rpeKO-ccpficKyio A^eKcaHApiK): 
ona npHuiJia kt> K)H;HbiMT> CJiaBflaaM'b h3T) rpenecKaro HcxoiHHKa h 
BT> aroM'b CMbicjt Morja Sbixb BKjiwieHa bt* oxA'feji'b «BH3aHTiHCKiH», 
HO en CKJiaA'b, crajib h xapaKxep-b niKOTopbix'b noApofiHOCTeii o6jih- 
qaioTb B^ en aBxcp-fe anaKOMcxBO cb sanaAHOfl poMaHXHKOH, oxboah 
en M-fecxo BT> HCTopin jiHxepaxypnaro BOSAtftcxBia aanaAa na 
BHaanxiHCKifi bocxoki. 3xo BosAtficxBie CKasbiBawiocb nepeBOAaMH 
H noApaacaniaMH h nepeA fejKaMH ApeBHHX'b cwacexoB'b, B^ Koxopwx'b 
ceHxnMeHxaje3M^ h peajinawb no3AHflro rpe^ecKaro poMana npn- 
qyAJiHBo CMtniHBajHCb c^ nojiynoHflXbiMH MOXHBaMH pbiuapcTBa, 

C6opeHirB II Ota. H. A. H. 1 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



2 A. H. BKCK.IOBCKIH, 

rpe^ecKie BHTfl3H hejajhcb na^iaAHnauH h crporia o'lepTamfl Apen- 
HnxT> TnnoBi> cMarsajincb bt> nciycBtxi poMaHxnaMa. Kt> noAo6- 
uoMy noiinMaHiio cxaparo anoca npnBtanjo ya^e cnouiaabHo-rpe- 
HecKoe pasBHxie: oiio nepecxaBHJO qeHrpbi annnecKaro nnxepeca, 
Bbi.xBHiiyjio iia nepBbifi n.iam. .lereniy o riapnct, coaaajo o6pa3b 
BJioCjeHHaro AxHxia, aacxaBHB^ ero nxyoBaxb no nojRKCCHt, 
yBje^bCfl KpacaBHi^efi Ejteooii, Koxopyio om> bhabxt* ea cxtHaxi 

TpOH F Ch KOXOpOH GCXHAU CBOUBXT* erO B^ BO-lineOHOMT, chobh- 

Atnin *). npHU0MHHMT> npe.iecxuyK) 4>aHxacMaropiK) «pH.TocxpaxoBa 
TepoHKa -): Axbjjt> h Eaetia, iraKoraa ho BnjaBmie jpyn. Apyia 
iipn a;H3Hii, B,iK)6jWK)xcfl BaanMuo b^ uapcxBt TfeneH: n Borb, no 
upocb6t OexHAbi, Ilenxyii-b co3AaexT> ua MepaoM-b Mopt, ii3t» n.ia 
OepMOAOHra, BopnaK^na h Ilcxpa. ocxpoB^ Asuxr,, r^t BJK)6.ieH- 

Hblfl rtHH HxHByXT> B^ DAeaJbHOH CBfl3n, Bl jyHHbia HOHH BOAaTl> 

xi>poBOAbi 110 nBtxyiueMv jyiy, a cb ooperoBofi cxohhkh poSno 
npncjyuiEBaexcfl Kb hxt* MVACOHbiM^ irfecHflMT> wopairb, ue ociitjH- 
BaiouiificH npoiiHKiiyxb Buyrpb ocipoBa. 

K^ aroiy powairruHecKOMy xeqeiiiio npHMKHVjaj ne jocxBraa 
ero iiiKKiin, cxpyjt aaiia,uu)-pbiuapcKaro i>OMaHa; AxHjab flBOJca 
.ifoCosHflKOMT, daimJbHo Ba.ibixaiouinN^ no nojBKcefft (Roman de 
Troio; Air^yr,?*; \/tX)i(o;). Oopaai. AjeKcaHapa bt> rpeK0-cep6- 
CKofi noBtcrn o new b npHmuiea^irrb roMy-a;e uaopaBjeHiio NbicjB; 
oxJBMie 3X01H) naMffniHKa oxi> Apyruxi* ccjaaauo poiiaHCKirxi>» jHmb 

BO BUtuiaefi jnHlBBCXHMeCKOfi *J»Opufe, B% KOrOpOB OeT> OOlflBUCfl 

cjaBaHaw^, xoraa KaKb posiaiTB oTpceraat n nicRfl oDoBt opBm.10 



VMizo^^x, ed. rhri>t. GoUfr. MiiU^r» Ki. etux. 143 h 171—173: Lvi-opbronia 
Alexandru, rect^usuit, scholia Tcteru ct>dici# Mdrci^ni addidit O^hI. Kinkel (IS80), 
KojiMtHTapil Ki» cmx. US m 172; Eudociae Au^usUe VioUriam, rec. J. Flach 
ilS^^V cxp. 3t>>— 6 vcb ctujKofi HA Asvpi; i ii:jn:;i- Oa. Welck«fr, Per epische 
Cyclus, II, crp^ UK>. 

-I FUtu Philo>tniti Operoi, ed. Kayst^r. v. IL crp, 211 tufeA- Cj. IliuieJiea 
re^^xTTit-HA y *l*OTia, Biblioth. c. CXC, i.v A; i*»; 'FAi>r; xi. Ax-iXiW^ 5i» jjli- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



U3T> HCTOPie POM AHA B nOBtCTH. S 

KT> HHM1> H3^ MTaJlQ, H JETHHCKiH-^e H.IH pOMRHCKifi IIOA.THHHHKT> 

(uiAjerb npe,T.noJO)KHTb A^fl ApeBne-cjaBfliiCKOH npuxsH o Tpoi. 

. H3i cKaaaHHaro BwacwH.iocb, hto mbi noiiHMaewb uoxh «caa- 
BflHO-pOMaUCKHMH» IIOBtCTflMH: cepSchTK) AjoKcaH;^piK), TpofliiCKia 
.I'tflHia H cepficKie TpncTana ii Bobv, AomeAinie xo nact bi 6t.io- 
pyccKOMT* nepecKaat. Bet dth iiaMaxHHKn npeAcraBjaioTca o6i- 
eAHHeaiibiMH h wtcTOMt CBoero iipoHcxoa^Aeiiifl: Bocaia u ctBepnaa 
iI,aj!Mai;ia, Ky^a, Bsitcrt ct> BHaanTificKHMn, .lerne Bcero 6huo xo- 
xoAHTb H aanaj.HbiM'b BjiianiaMi*, o5m.ec TBeiuibwrL u .iHTepaxypHbiM'b. 
riocJitAHia TfeMT> HHTepecnte, nro oaieneiiubia b^ *opMy noBtcxn, 
OHH pacupocxpaHfljHCb n jajite no ciaBJiacKOMy wipy, paaiioca b^ 
roH Hjn Apyrofi Mtpt citabi, nacxo HCKaH;eimbie, ofiyc.iOBiiBLuaro 
Hx-h 3anaAH0 pbmapcKaro wipocosepuauia. Ec.ih TpHCxaHT> naet- 
cxea^ noKa .lemb B-b 6'LiopyccKOMT> iiepocKaah cepfiCKaro opBrn- 
aaja, xo AjeKcanApi^ h TpoaucKaa npux^a HMt^n iiinpoKoe 
pacnpocxpaneHie, a BoBa iiepemoji^ y HacT> u B-buapoAayiocKasKy. 
KaKofi oxne4axoKT> saua^uaro obixa h pbiuapcKaro yK.ia^a coxpa- 
HHJie OHH BT> CBOHxx Aa.ieKO'paiouieAuiHxcH oxpa/KeHiaxT>? Jl;k^o 
HAexTi ue Bjiaiiin oahoh KyjbxypnoH cpeAbi na apyiyio, a o koii- 
xpacxi, B-b KOxopoMT> Ao.iacHbi 6bLiH oHyxnxbCH nAeajbi, Bocnnxaa- 
Hbie HSBfecxubiMH oxiiouieHiaMH o6in,ecrBa, bt> Jinxepaxypfe, oxBt- 
HaBineH ApyrHM^ HH3HeHiibiMT> ciipocaMx. 

B^ CviaBaacKyK) cpeAy nauin noBtcxa^) bhocu.ih CBtAtaia o 
HyacAOMTj eft oCHXOAt pbii^apcxBa h ero ocooomT) HpaBCXBeHHo>n> 
KOAeKct. nepBbiH ycBaHBajca BHtmanM^ o6pa30MT», MHoroe nona- 
3biBaexT>, nxo HHbia ero Mepxbi fibiJin iieacubi h iioiiHMa.incb biio- 
.lOBHHy. IloApooHO oiiHcbiBaexca Boopya^eaie pbiuapeii, nx-b iioe- 
AHUKB, ofibmaS Bbi30Ba iicpHaxKofi, r}pHHpbi, bi noxopbixx paAOMi* 
CT> pbiuapew^ aBjaexca b ero KouiomiH, «onpaBua» (Tp.). Boii 
HAexTj CHanaja na KouaxT>: upoxbbhbkh xaKi^ cxpeMHxe.ibuo iiacna- 
KBBaK)XT> Apyrb ua Apyra, hxo ecjiB6T>HeAc6paac6poH,oiiHuajiB-obi 
MepxBbiMB, a bxtj Koiiba pa3JieraK)rca bt> lueiibi. yiiaBi> ch KoiiaMM 



VJtajteoHb nMTyioTCJi xaKiiM-b oCpa.iOM'b: A (AacKcaHApiH), T^I. (TpoaucKiH 
/1,'tfiHifl), Xp.(XpncTaH'b), IS (Bobo). 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



4 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

Ha 3eMJlK), OHH TOTHaCB-He BCKaKHBaK)Tl> Ha HOrB H npOAOJXaiOTB 

6HTbCH itfeiaMH, HHorAa pacxoiiacb, hto6t> OTAOXHyxb, onepmHCb na 
mjHTb (Tp.). Cji. ooHcaHie 6on Hjibh MypoMaa ct> cwHOMt: 

PasiixajHCB Ha Konbii socTpu: 

y BEX'S Konsfl Bi pysax^ norH6aiHCfl, 

Ha nepeuhn Koubs pascunaiHCA: 

PasiixaiHCB Ha naini^H 6o^Bafl: 

y Hnx:^ najiBau b7> pysaxi norR6ajncfl, 

no HaKOBKaMi nainuEl otjomhjiicb; 

PasiixaincB Ha caOin Bocrpu: 

y BRxii ca6jn b'b pynaxi n6rn6aiBCH, 

nOBLmep6ilH Ha laTbl BOJIbHyXHUA '). 

CjiaBflHCKOMy iHxaxejK) 3th KapTHHW 6biJH noHHTHbi, KaKT) no- 
HflxeH'b 6hU7> ropAejiHBbit oxKas'b BOHxejin cKasaxbCfl noOiacAeH- 

HblMT>, HX06bI CIiaCXH CBOK) «H3Hb, H TKBABme ySHaXb HMH HpOXHB- 

HBKB, H paAocxb, KOFAa npoxHBHHKi> OKasbiBajicfl HMeHHXbiu'b pbma- 
peMT>: cjaBHo 6yAexT> nacxb oxt> ero pyKH, eme cjiaBHte— cpasHXb 
ero (Tp. TJI,). Bx xaKHx-b cjyqaflxi pwaapcKie ofibnan mofjh haxh 
Ha Bcxpiny HapoAHOMy lOHanecxBy, KaKi o6a cxoAHJncb bi ocyjK- 
AeniH yeificxBa cnnmaro Bpara (Tp. A.): 

He HecTb-To hh^ XBaja Aa MOJroAeiiKaii 

A 6uTb-T0 MHi-Ka coBHaro »ito M^piBaro *). 

Ho cABa-JH BpaayMHxejeHt 6biJT> CHMBOJHaM-b ApyrHxi* pbmap- 
CKHXT> o6pflAOBT>, Hanp. onoMCbiBHuie MeqeMT> (Tp. B.), h CMyx- 
HbiMH MorjH cjaraxbCfl npeACxaBjieHifl o «'t3A«ajibix'b» pbmapflXT> 
(chevaliers errants), Hiuymnx^ «<i>opxyHbi», o AtByoiKax'b, 6po- 
AHmHXT> no CBtxy ex KaKHMx-HH6yAb HeBemecxBeHHbiMi nopyne- 
HieMi (Tp.) H X. n. 

TaKOBO ycBoenie ButniHflro oSaxoAa pbmapcxBa; nocMoxpHM'b, 
KaK^ ycBOflJCfl cro HAeaj^. Oht>, no cymecxBy, sanaAHbifi; iJiaa- 
HbiH xpefioBaHifl ott> pbiaapn — axo do6pomh h d&ojmocmh, jI,odpoxb, 



*) Cj. moii K)HxUO-pyccKia 6biJiHHW, blid. II, CTp. 323. 

2) Cj. I. c, CTp. 12 H 405—406 u Servii ad Aen. I, 487; II, 541. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



mS-h BCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB:fcCTH. 5 

HecoMHtBHo, nepeBOAT>: proesse, ABopnocTb, aocjobho — courtoisie, 
HeptAKO BT* coeABHeHiH : pbmapcxBO h abophoctb, ABopHOCXb h npec- 
ne4H0CTb (Tp.). CjiaBHHCKafl upHiHa o Tpot Btipaacaerb noHHxie 
ABopnocTH cjOBaMH: uecmt^ nomneuie eh deoprb, deopu^una: honneur 
et courtoisie '), TorAa KaKi> deop6ou (T^), CAyoic6ou (T^ Tp.) 
o6o3Ha4ajiHCb oTuouieHiH, bi Koropbin BCTynajii lOBbiii BHTflSb, 
flBjflflCb Ko ABopy KaKoro-BHfiyAb HMeHHTaro b jacxHiejifl , HTo6bi 
oCyHHTbCH pbmapcKOMy A*Jy h cjyaceaiK) AawaM^, «Ao6pbiMT> roc- 
DoaAaM^)) (T^) — belles dames. B-b 3thx^ OTBomeBinx^ pasBH- 
Bajiacb H eme OAna cymecTBeaBaa cropoaa pbiuapcKaro HAeajia: 
KyjbTb AH)6eu, noaaxie Miuocmu (Tp), Kanx Bcecajbaaro qyacxaa, 
caMOonpcAtjaioiaaroca , Be iioAJieacamaro Apy^BM^ apaBCXBeaabiM-b 
KpHxepiaM'b. 

Taaoe noaHMaaie. jk)6bh hjoxo corjacoBa.iocb Cb oxpauaxejb- 
Bbiwb BsrjiaAOM^ aa Hceamnay, aaa-b no cyuj,ecxBy «3jyK)», cocyAi* 
rptxa: aarjaAOM-b, rocnoAcxBOBaBOieM^ b^ cpeAae-BtKOBOM-b — h 
cjaaaacKOM-b o6uxecTBt iioA'b BjiaaieM^ uepKOBBO-paropHCTHHecKOH 
MopajH. Ha aanaAt 3ro apoxoBoptHie 6bM0 ecjH ae aaMapeao, xo 
ycxpaaeao xopmecxBOMT> pbiuapcaaro uAeaja, yAa^iHamaro apaa;- 
AeSabiH eiuy Bx Kpya^oKX pbHUbix^ OjaocxarcjieH cxporoa oxeqecKOH 
cxapaabi. Bt> aauiex'b cjiaBaao-poMaucKBX'b aoBtcrax'b apoxBBO- 
ptsie ocxajocb, aaBBaoe b apocxocepAe^aoe, noxoMy nxoaeocMbic- 
jeaaoe cooxatxcxByioiUHM'b noBopoxoM^ btj a;B3BB. 

CpeAaeafeKOBaa jBxepaxypa aojiaa aanaAOK^ aa a;eamBa^^). 



') Cj. Konrad von Wflrzburg, Der Trojaiiische Krieg: Jlapucb roBopwrb 
Menejiaio, neny ohi* ;KejiaeTT> orb Jiero BayMHTbca : 
20494 ob iuwer reiniu 16re 

mich wlset Af daz rehte 
daz hilfet min geslehte 
an ereti iemer undo ouch mich. 
20517 biz ich von iu gelernen mttge 
die zuhtj die ritters eren tiige. 
^) Cj. Jie/K^y upbHUMT>: Hubatsch, Die lateinischen Vagantenlieder, cxp. 73 
cJtji.; Franke, Zur Geschichte der lateinischen Schulpoesie, cxp. 71 cjit*.; 
ihemer, I^ateinische Rhythmen des Mittelalters (Wiener Studien VI, cxp. 292 
^■**'*i; Tohl^^y Proverbia que dicuntur super natura feminarum (Zeitschrift f. rom. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



6 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

Bi. CTapM>paHU}'3CK0MT> Chastoiemoent, nepesoAt Disciplina Chri- 
calis rierpa Ajb*onca (XII b.), oxeuij TaKT> noysaerL CBoerocbiHa: 

ccHAH 3a JbBOM b H JipaKOHOMl, 3a MeABtABMTj, JCOnapAOM^ H CKOp- 

iiiouoMb, ue xoAHTOJibKo 3a 3JI0H H;euoH, KaKT.-6biTe6flHeyjiemajH, 
H MbicjeHHO MOJH FociioAa, cjiaBHaro h BceMorymaro, Aa6bi oh^ 
ciiacT> xeoa ot^ ;J;encKllx^ kob^, Aa h caM^ ott> hhxt> cxeperHCb)). 

Beax fils, sui lion et dragon, 

Ors, liepart et escorpion, 

La male feme ne sui mie 

Por losenge que Ten te die. 

Prie Dieu molt devotement 

Le gloriox omnipotent, ' 

Qu^il te defend e de lor art, 

Et tu te garde de ta part *). 

TaKi 3JI0CJ0BHJH H Apyric pHropHCTbi, H Mopojibct-b Morb ca- 

MOUaA'l^flHUO OTBiXHTb Hd IlOMblTKy CoJIOMOUa 3aiIl.RTBTb HCCH- 

many — iipeACKa3aHieMi>, 4to h caM-b oh^ CyAerb eio ofiManyrb ^). 
Ou'b BT> caMOM'b Atjit nona.Tb b^ hhcjio MHoroHHCJieHHbix^ atepTB-b 
WGHCKOH 3JI06bl, CpeAH KOTOpblXl aBTopT> pyccKOH «BectAbi OTaa 
CT> cbiHOMi)) iioMtiuaerb, AAawa h Hoh, .loxa, JlaBHAa h CojoMona, 
CH^bHaro CaMCona h xpaSparo AjiencaHApa^). KaK^ aBTopi Chas- 
toieraent, TaKT> h aHOHHiMHbiH cnHcaxejib BecftAw noATBepH^Aaexi cboh 
nojioa;eHifl, yace CBeaeHHbin bt> o6m,iH KOACKCb IlqejioK) *) h IIoyHe- 
HicMi /l,aHiH.ia 3axoHHHKa^), utjibiMT> phaomtj npHKJiaAOB'b h pa3- 
CKa30BT>, HS'b Koxopbix-b BbixeKacxi oAHa H xa-a;e Mopajb: hst. 
3a a;eH^ awHoria KpoBH npojifluiacfl h uapcxBa pa3opHraacfl- h aapie 



Philologie IX, 287—331); Novati b-bGiornale storico della letteratura italiana VII, 
432 — 442; ero-Mie: Carmina medii aevi, cTp. 15 cji'faA. 

I) Barbazan et Meon, Fabliaux II, p. 81; ca, IlbinMHa, OHepKi>, 273. 

^) Ca. mom CjaBfiHCKiH cKaaaaiH o CojioiiOHt u KHTOBpad^, CTp. 274 — 5 
u npiiH. 2. Cji. L'^vaugile aux femmes y Jubinal, Jongleurs et trouv^res, cxp. 26 
CJii;(,.; Paul Meyer, Plaidoyer en faveur des femmes, Romania A» 24, cxp. 499 — 
600 H H3AaHuoe hm-b cTMxoTBopeHie: Du bounte des femmes, Romania As 58—9, 
CTp. 316 cji^A. 

^) nunHH'b, 1. c, CTp. 274. 

^)EeacoHOBi>, KaHra Ilnejia, CTp. XXXI h cj-feA. 

^) IlaiiaTHHKU pOCC. C40BeCH0CTM XII B., CTp. 237 CJltA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



U3T> liClOPlH POMAIIA H DOBtCTH. 7 

ottj iKHBora roH3nyjia» (IlHeja cxp. XXXIII: Aooport 60 acen- 

cxefi MII03H co6ja3HHUiacA OTT>a;eHbi ea^ajo rptxy, a tok) bch 

VMHpaeMT,); wrope rpa^y Tony b ueMme BjaAtTejcTByert aceaa; rope 
Aony TOMy, HMHie BjaAten> ateua; 3.10 h My^KyroMy, H/Kecjyuiaer-b 
H£eubi;» ayKpamaioTb tfo rfejieca CBoa, a He iiyuiy, yA^i cboa cba- 
aajin mo.iKOM'b, jfibi CBoa noTTHrByjH ateMsioroMi, yiiieca cboh 3a- 
BtcHJH AparEiun pacaMii, ^a iie cjibiiuaTi rjiaca Bomin, hh cBHTbixi> 
KiiBrb iio4HTaHifl, HH OTUOB^ cbohxtj AyxoBHblX^ yqeHiflw; «H«eHCKiH 
paayMT) hko xpaMHua nenoKpoBeHHa a bko BtrpHjio Ha Bepxy rop-b 
CKopoo6pa3Ho BepxHiueca...; jyme KynHxa kohh hjih BOJia HJiapasy, 
HeHcejH 34y Hieuy iiouaT:H»^). «^yx4e ecxb bo yxjt KopafiJH ujia- 
BaxB, HeatejH sjioii aceni npaB^a uoBtAaxH», roBopaxi Apyroe 
pyccKoe Cjobo: «Kopa6jib yxejii xoaapi uoxonjiflen>, a sjiaa Htena 
AOM b My;Ka caoero HycxT> coxBopflexT> h caMoro Mynsa CBoero nory- 
6HTb. HeAio4Ho He^oatKy ntmy bx uoxh aaaua nocxaqa, a co 3J0io 
jKenoK) cnacenifl ue aoOwxh. 3jiaa «eaa oxraanie aHreJioMi, yro- 
Hcenie AiaBOje». 3xh uopauauia »;eHbi pa3BHBaK>xca HaKoneax Bb 
xaKOMTb uapoAuo-HOdXHHecKOM'b KJBMai^ct: «ErAa saropaxcH xpa- 
MHHa, HtMT> ee racaxa? Boaoh). Hxo Coj* boaw? Bixpi. 4xo 
6oji Btxpa? Fopa. 4xo cajbaee ropw? ^ejOBtKt. 4xo 6ojt 
M0H{exi> qejiOBtKa? Xiaejb: or'bHMaexi> pyna h hofh. Hxo Jioxie 
xwejK)? CoHT>. 4x0 jioxte CHa? Hteua 3Jaw ^). 

Bob axa upeACxaBjieuia, BbipafioxannbiH aepKoanoH Mopajibio, 
yxaepacAaJBCb Bb coaHania o6ii;ecxBa acKexaqecKHM'b uaapaBJieHieMi> 
TaKHXi> uoBtcxea nan-b BapjiaaMb a Ioaca<i>i>, KaKi GaHarpaq'b, 
rA'fe B'b HHCJt noyqeHia AKapa cecxpaij- AaaAany ecxb a cjtAyH>- 
mee: aCbiny, yHe ecxb orHeMT> Sojtxa, aja xpacaBaqeio, nerjH 
a;ara cb sjiok) weaoio, Aa iie 6yAex^ costxa b^ AOMy xBoeMi, 
a cepAesHaro efi ne BtmaH». 3xo — oabht> hs^ coatxoBi, npa- 
cxpoBBOiaxcH B'b cpeAHeatKOBOH HOBejiJit Kb aueaa CojOMOua: He 
uoBtpaxb Hcent xaiiHbi, a6o oaa CMepxeJibHbii apai^ Mymy '). 



^) IlbiuHU-b, 1. c, cxp. 272. 

2) XlfainHHi*, 1. c, cxp. 270. 

3) Cji. moh 3aif'LxKii no juxepaxypt u napoAHoft cjiosecBOCXH I, cxp. 7. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8 A. H. BECEJiOBCKin, 

BoCTO^Hblfl DOBtCTH S^eBCKOH XHTpOCTH B KOBapCTfit, Oepe- 

meAiiriH na 3anaAi>, npiiOTHBrniBOi h bt* cjaBHBCKOMi> uipt, ^ojacHbi 
dbiJH noAAep«aTb cjoxHBmyiocfl yHce xapairrepHCTHKy (Oioh sceflbin. 
Pa3CKa3biBaji0 o eeBtpHOH cyiipyrt CojOMOHa, o BtrpcHHOCTH Ma- 
xpoHbi S^eccKOH H T. H. HBTaTCJiH cjaBflHo-poMaHCKBXT> uoBtcxeft 
o6ptTajin Bi HHX^ ri-me suaKOHbie xHUbi : DJOTCKH-Ha30HjioBbixi> 
AtBynieieb *paHuy3CK0H chanson de geste, bt* poA* /I,pya;HeHbi 
H Majbropia (B.) h AonepH Kopojfl HepeMOHra (Tp.), ^0AaTJHBb1X^, 
RaKi> Hcena CerypaAeHca (Tp.), KOBapHbix-b, KaKi numn s Jokbhi> 
(la Dame du Lac), ywopeBmafl MepjHua (Tp.), npecT}'nBbixT>, naKi 
waxb BoBbi (B.) HJR Ma^exa TpHcrana (Tp.). Bee 3J0 nouijo orb 
^ea-b, HHxajocb B'bcepficKofi AaeKcaHApiH: orb hoi norHfi-b HAAaMi*, 
H KptnKifi CaMCOH'b h wyApwH B-b HejoBtatx^ Cojiomoht>, h Bb Tpot 
MHorie BHTfl3H H uapH nornfijH H3T>-3a oahoh aceubi EjcHbi, la fole 
peccheresse Heleine, Kani nasbiBaerb ee Gower ^). Muoro KpoBH 
npojbexcii H3T>-3a xeGfl, roBopnrb eii 3H0Ha (T^): ea poKOBaii 
Kpacoxa npeACxaBJflJiacb AeMOHHHecKOH, ho ne bt> HauicMi SHaqeHin 
CJOBa, a B^ xoM'b, Koxopaa noSyAHJia ntMeuKyK) napoAHyio KUHry 
<l>aycrfe npeAcxaBBXb Ejeny oxpoAbCM^ a^a, a 6oarapcKaro cna- 
3axejifl OAHOH xpoHHCKOH HOBtcTH npo3Baxb ee rnjyAOH: AewouH- 
necKHM'b cymecxBOMTj napoAnaro uoBtpbH, noxHin.aBuiHM'b h noacH- 
paBiDHM'b HOBopoacAeHHbix'b. IIouflXHO Hocjit axoro, iio^eMy nauia 
xpoflHCKafl npHxqa sacxaBJiflerb eg yMepexb HacHJbcxBeHHofi CMepxbio: 
oHa Honecja sacjiyaceHnyio Kapy, h cpeAHCBtKOBoS Baranrb yAHB- 
jflexcfl, Hoqeny ona hmchho H36tH;aja yqacxn, yroxoBaHHofi eio 

ApyrHM^: 

Femina dignj^ mori reamatar amore' priori 
reddita victori deliciisque thori. 
Saeva, quid evadis, non tradita cetera tradis? 
Cur rea tu cladis uon quoque clade cadis? ^). 

BHHXHfee Bcfexi ajTHXTi (OJibix'b atcHTj)) AOJi-Ken^ 6bUT> npeAcxa- 
BHXbCH pHropHcxHqecKH - HacxpoeHHOMy 4Hxaxe.iK) xanij Hsoxxbi. 

*) Stengel, John. Gower's Minnesang u. EhrzuchtbOchlein (Marburg 1886), 
p. 21, .Y- X. 

2) Carmina Burana .\s CLII, cxp. 61. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HS'b HCTOPin POMAHA H nOBI&CTR. 9 

Ct> nepBOH 6paqH0H hofh h ao KOHua paacnaaa oHa — stpojiOMHafl 
ateaa, eceiyfejio oTAaHiiaa JwSoBiiHKy, KoropbiH, bi> AoSaBOKi, ne 
BcerAa efi h AOBipHerb. TaKT> no KpaHHCH M-fept b'l GfejopyccKOMt 
nepecKasi cepCcKaro TeKCxa, bt> anaaoAax^, k^ KoxopbiM^ He uain- 
.lecb 3anaAUb)H napajijejH. HmIcmi-jiq Mbi 3Atcb A'i^Jio ci> rjioccow 
uepeBOA'iHKa, BMtHHBmaro TpHCTany iipasHJo — He AOBtpflXbCfl 
aceHiuHH-fe? TpHCxaH'b npofoHcaerx Cb Haorroii mhmo inaxpa, bi ko- 
xopoMT) €X0Jyex^ ApxypT> h ero ABop^, h hc bbjhxi eft CMOxptxb 
no cxopoHaMT>: fjhah MH'fe, Tpncxauy, BieatAy njeqi, a kohk) CBoewy 
upoMea^T) yuiefi, He xo a paarnfcBaiocb na xe6fl. Tpncxaa^, oxat- 
laexTj ona, mhopo h xoAHJia no Mopio h no cyxy, a He BBAaja hh 
oAHoro pbiuapa Bbioie xcCh. B'b Apyroft paab KorAa JKHneapa 
yupeKuyja ee, noseMy afeHofi HeBBHuoft jia;H OHa He cuacjia h;b3hh 
oAuoMy He.ioBtKy, OHa o6T>acHHexT,, hxo ne cMtjia CKaaaxb Tpa- 
cxaay nenpaBAbi — bs-b 6ob3hh ero rn-feBa. — Koi Aa uocit u:fejiaro 
pflAa jiK)6oBHbixi» npHKiioneniH TpHcxaHi> iiphboahxt> HaKOHeA'b 
Hsorry Kb en My/Ky, h xottj S.iai oAapaxii njicMiinnHKa 3a ero «Btpy 
H npaBAy» — B'b 9xomt> saKJiioqoHiB nepeBOA^HKy nyajiacb ne Hpo- 
Hifl, B ne xopacecTBO poKOBoft jik)6bh HaAi^ CBBsanHOCXbio oObisaa: 
ohtj x^mtj ojiBJKe H 6e3y»iacxH'fee oxHecca kt^ CBoewy noAJiHHUHKy, 
q-feMX MCHte BbiacHHJix ce6t oxnouieHia CBoero coGcxBCHHaro /Ken- 
CKaro BAeajia K-b uiBport pbmapcKaro. 

ParopBCXBHecKifi BsiJiaA'i' na aieHmHHy o6HHMajT> ee Bceu'Lio, 
BO BcixTi nojoa^eHiaxT>, ae ncKJiioqaa h ocaameHHapo uepKOBbio 
6paKa. noKa3aHie pyccKHx^ wCjobx)) bi axoMl oxaomeHiii ptniH- 
xejbHo. Ecxb, pasyAiiexca, h AoSpoAtxejbHbia aceabi, h bt* cewb-fe 
MOHHO 6bijio cnacxHCb, ae cxojibKO H;eHt, CKOJibKo Maxepa, BAOBt, 
oxpeqeHHOH ox'^ co6jia3HOBT> njioxn, upHHHcaHHOH ycxaaoM'b BjiaAH- 

MHpa MoHOMaxa K'B UepKOBHblW^ .IIOABM^ ^), B03BeJlHqeHH0H pyCCKHMX 

6bL!eBbiMi anocoMT). Haane u Maxepbajbate SpaK^ AonycKajica 
KaK-b ayacAa, uaai cnacHxejibHoe cpeAcxao oxi ApyrHXT> h3jih- 
mecxBx. ttEpanaoe CT>B^Kyn.ieaie npomeao Sbicxb aya^Aa y6o paAa,. 



*) MaKapiii, Hcxopia pyccKofl uepKBM I, 282. 285. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



10 A. 11. BECEJOBCKlif, 

a ne mioro sero 6pain> 6biCTb», roBopu4T> y uaci) open. Ioch<&i> Bo- 
joukIh: ecJH6bi iipapoAHTejH coxpaHHJH saiioetab Boflciio, FocnoAk 
iiori>-6bi yMuoHiaTb HejoeiqecKiif pojii> HUbui-b cnoco6oin>, KaKi> h 
AAaMiffEeea co3Aaubi 6bi.iH But «6paqHaro ci>Bi>Kynjeijifl». (clymoe 
qejOBtny HieHenica, aeHiejiH paaatiaaxBca luoxiiow, aaaHHTcii s-b 
KUHrt Il3uorpa<i>'b rj. 42. TaKx nouHMaerb x^io n aBTopi> cxapo- 
4»paHi^'3CKaro Miserere: npaBeAeHi> iiyxb 6paKa; bi xowb atjo- 
MyXpie, KOje cyupyra eea-b crpacxH xBopaxT* o6oioAHbiH AOJrb. 
BpaKi — KjixKa ajb ahkoh iixhhkh, qxofibi ue yaopxeyjia bt* jicT>; 
ySt^Hiue upoxHBi 6ypB, .lOByioKa a-ih BtxpeBHHKOBi>, 4xo6bi ue 
X0AH4H 3a 4y»;HMH Hceuauu, ctab orb HSjernHBro Hcapa. 

Droite voie est de manage. 

Chou est castles, se sans rage 

S'aquite cascuns a sen per. 

Noches soDt ausi com le cage 

Ou on enclot Toisel sauvage 

K'il ne puist au bos rescaper. 

Ne se doit pas chil encouper 

Ki vigne a del aatruj craper; 

Noches sont refuis por oragc; 

Noches sont por fol atraper 

Ki veut autrui fame haper; 

Noches font por trop caut ombragc *). 

jik)6bh B-b 6paKt utxi> h pt?B, hjh jymne, JioGoBb utjHKOM'b 
yxoAHJia Bi> qyBcxBo AOJira; npejiecxubiii oSpasi* HpocjaBUbi h pyc- 
CKaxi> ^KeHi, njaqyu^Hx-b o CBOHXb jiaAHxi, B3flxi> Bi hckjik)4h- 
xeibHbiH MOMeHXT> cKopSaaro npuqaxaHia. XapaKxepno wh axoMi 
CMbicJit cpaBHeuie ApeBHepyecKon iioBtcxH o j^eBreaifl — jih6o en 
S^aroqecxHBo-oKpaiueHHaro opHrHHaja — ct> rpeqecKOH noaMofi o 
^areuHct. EociiAaaa BOcnfeBaexT> iie xoJibKO iioABara CBoero re- 
poa, no H JiK)6oBb, iiepeA^ chjioh Koxopoa CKJioaaioxca cjafibie CMepx- 
abie; Mtcam> Maa — uapb nsiXh Mtcauaftia, apaca seMja, oAtBaio- 



') Li remans de C&rite et Miserere du Reuclus de Molieus, ed. van Hamel, 
t. 2^ (Paris, 1886: Bibl. de rjfecole des Hautes fitudes, fasc. 62), cxpoi^a CXCVIII. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC . 



BSi* ncTOPiH POMAHA u noBtcrH. 1 1 

meiica BT. <tiajKH n poasi, kotopbimh ona coiiepuHHaerb ex upaco- 
TOK) Heoa; wtcflii^ jk)6bu, KorAa Bce BJieneTCfl kt> yxtxawi* A4»po- 
AHTbi. ^HreHHCh caM'b oxAaeTOi o6aiiniio ororo nyBcxBa, H35itHflfl 
ateut paAH awaaoHKu MancBMbi. HHane bt* pyccKofi noBtcxH: no- 
6t}KAeBHaa MancBMa MOJiHTb /[.oBieHiu: MHornxb uapefi h Kopojiefi 
fl nofitAHJia, xenepb FociioAb noKopHJib weHH xe6t; ecJH xbi cone- 
xaeuibCfl CO mhoh h wbi 6yAeMT> Bjuicxt, hhkxo ne 6yAexb B-b ch- 
jiax^ npoxHBOcxoaxb naM^. MyApbiii JleBreHifi oxKaawBaexcH oxt> 
coK)3a: ou'b AOCMOxpfejca b^ Btiuefi khhiH^ c<o atHxin CBoeMi> h o 
ciiepxHJ), 4X0 ecjiH coeAHHHxcH CT> MaKCHMoii, ;KHXb ewy inecxbHaA- 
uaxb jixi>, ecjiH OBjaAtexT> iipeKpacnofi Ao^epbio Cxpaxera — xo 
xpHAaaxb jitxT> ^). 

}KH3HeHHafl iipaHXHKa Mooa eo MuoroMi cMarnaxb cypoBocxb 
Kinia;Hbixi> BoaaptHiH Ha JKeumeny, xoxa iiHbin h3i> khxi npoBHKjn 

BT> HapOAHbIB 060p0Xl» BO BCCB CBOGB MepCXBOCXB. KXO XaKOCI XpB 

nrfeBHbix-b, xpH jiyKaBbixT>, xpB 6ojxjiBBbixi, xpoe, Ha3Ha4eHHbixT> 
6bixb fiBXbiMB? OxB'feqaa Ha axH Bonpocbi aHrjuHCKaa ntcHH XV-ro b. 
KOH^aja KaocAyK) oxnoBtAb ynoMHHauieMi> meuiuBHbi ^). HaiioMHHM-b 
oxHOCfliuiHCfl cioAa nocjioBflabi: More, oganj i ieua, tri najveca zla; 
Ljubav 2enska mreia vraija; Pu§ki, kooju i ieni ne treba vjero- 
vati B X. a. % H ex yMbicjiOM-b Bbifipaji BueHHO lOttCHOCjaBHUCKia 
noroBopKB, b6o ont cjya{axi> ki> xapaKxepHCXHK-b cpeAbi, bi> koxo- 
poif HaiDB cjiaBaHo-poMaHCKia noaicxB oSbasBJiBCb BnepBbie, rAt 

Ha BCXpiny pHrOpBCXBHeCKHMl BSFJaAaUl) KUHHiHHKOB'b Ul^JIl pB- 

ropBSM'b HapoAHO-CbixoBaro 3XBKexa. Oab rocnoAcxaoBaji^ Aaaie 
BT* BbicmBX-b Kjiaccaxi> nanp. AyfipoBHBKa, cyAa no ouBcaHiio 4>b- 



*) FajiazoB-b, UcTOpin pyccKott caoeecHocTM I, cxp. 408—9. 
^) Herfor and therfor and therfor I came, 

And for to preysse this praty woman. 
Ther wer III wyny, III wyly ther wer: 
A fox, a fryyr and a woman. 
Pfijkie: III angry: A wasp, a wesyll and a woman; III cbeteryng: A pcye, a jaye 
and a woman; III wold be betyn: A wyH, a stokefysche and a woman. Ca. Songs 
and carols of the fifteenth century, ed. by Th. Wright. 

^) Cj. K)mHO-cjiaBHflCKifl nocAOBuubi, yKaaanubifl Krauss^oM-b bt> ero Sitte 
and Branch der Sadslaven, CTp. 432 cjitA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



12 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

.iHiina De Diversis^): epaK-b OKpyHceux 6bui TopacecTBeHHbiftfb 
CBMB0JIH3M0MI HapoAHaro oSpflAa, aaKJiioqajicfl on> poAa kt> poAy, 
A^BdHeKt cocBaThiBajH no oAHUHaAuaxoMy hjih ABtuaAi^aTOMy roAy, 
MOiOAbie J!K)AH DpeCbiBajiH B'b uojioaseHiH jurati HtcKOjibKo Jitrb ao 
CBaAbCbi, H BO Bce axo Bpewfl ^ennx'b, npn iioctiueHiH Aowa ne- 
BtcTbi, ptAKO nosBOJAJi-b ce6t uoAHHTb Ha He6 rjas'b. TaKT> a* Jaexca 
y poAOBHTbixT) jiwACH, TaKi.H BT> HapoA*, FOBopHTb dc Divcrsis ^). 
Go6cTBeHHO HapoAHan mmub h sAtcb 6biJia CBo5oAHte: oea otbo- 
AHJia jik)6bh noaTHqecKifi yrojOKi B'b opcAABepiH k^ 6paKy, bt> jiio- 
6oBHofi II fecut, B^ CBHAaHiflXT* Ha - HrpaxT> "h nocHA'fejiKax^, ho h 
SA^Cb o6pflA'b H oobiqaif CBasbiBajiH CHjy CTHxifiaaro syBCXBa. Ero 
o6ieKrb — uesaMyacuBfl AtBymKa, utjib onpeAiJiflJiacb i^epKOBHbiMi 
C0K)30M^; JK)6oBHaH ntcHb pa3AaeTCfl npenMyiu,ecTBeHHO BT>H3BtcT- 
Hbifl BpeMCHa roAa, KaK-b-Sbi oOycjiOBJieHHafl nsBicTHbiMi npnpoA- 

HblMTi CnpOCOM'b. 

HoBOeOTKpOBeHie JK)6bH, KaKT> OC06oH CHJIH B'b HpaBCTBeUHOM'b 

Mipt qejiobtKa, hbhtch co CTopoHbi. Oaa orptuieHa or'b BctxT> 
6biT0BbixT> H wpHAiHecKBX'b ycjiOBHocTew, oAHHaKOBo o6pamaeTca 
K-b A'feByujKt HJIH saMy/KHeii, jiHrab-obi B'b jik)6hmoh acenmBHt; npn- 
3HaeTca h bt^ fipaKt, xoth ne oSycJioBJieHa HM'b cymecTBeHHo: Ilo- 
jHKcena He xoqei^b nepeacHXb .iK)6BMaro ew AxHjija (T/I,), KaKT> 
PoKcana CBoero Mya;a AjiencauApa; BtAOMo Aa 6yAex'b Baw'b, hh- 
mex-b AjieKcaHAP'b waxepn no noBOAy CBoero 6paKa, hxo nona mo- 



^) Philippi de Diversis de Quartigianis Lucensis artium doctoris eximii et ora- 
toris Situs aedificiorum, politiae et laudabilium cousuetudinum iuclytae civitatis 
Ragusij. Codice inedito della Biblioteca ginnasiale di Zara pubbl. ed. illustr. da 
V. BruneHi. Zara 1882, cxp. 124 cji^a., pars IV, cc. XVI h XVII.— ^acTb TCKCxa 
<l>iuHaaa de Diversis ynte H3;i,aHa 6biJia MaKymeBb^M'L, Hscj-^AOBaeifl o^t hcto- 
pHHecKHXT* naMHTHHKaxi> H 6iJToniicaTe.iaxT> Ji;y(>poBunKa (CIIB. 1867), cxp. 358 
CJ^A. — De Diversis Cua-b BbiSBaHt B'b Paryay bt, KaMCcxB-fe ywaxean (jiaxuHCKoft) 
rpaMMaxHKu m pexopHKH bt> 1434 ro^y " ocxaBajiCH bt* Dxofi aojjkhocxh ao 1441 
au6o 1444 roAa (cj. Brunelli, 1. c, cxp. 3 — 5); ero coo6meHiH oayaiaxij, cxajio 
6bixi>, K-L xapaKxepMcxMKt 6bixa ua nepexoAt on* XIV Btna kt, XV-My. 

^) 1. c. raro sponsus suis oculis spousam intuetur, tametsi in domo soceri 
saepius convivatur et iHuc adeat. Sic enim moris tarn nobiles apud, quam popu- 
lares, qui cos magistros et domiuos imitantur. 



Digitized by VjOOQICv 



■ !■ m 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA R nOB^CTH. ' 1 3 

6oBb Kh meninEHt He oCyaja Moero cepiaa, MHi uHKorjia He npn- 
xoAHJUi Ha MbicJib HH Tbi, HB AOMamHie; h CTajii> o tomx noMbiniJiHTb 
jHmb Cb Ttxi nopT>, KaiTb JK)6oBb KT> HceniuHHt yroAHJia MHt bt> 
cep/me, a Aorojt OAHH'b jramb 6bui y ueHii ooMbicji: jh6o y6HTb 
Koro HH6yAb, jh6o 6biTb y6HTy (A). 9to yHCb HAeaJi>, BaiejtflH- 
Hbifi pbiaapcTBOMi> H ycepAHbiMi Bsy^ieHieM-b OBHAin. Ha sanaAt, 
Kain> HSBicTHO ^), HATb 3a«iHTbiBaJincb, oui Haa]ejii> nepecKaiuBKOBi) 
H ooApaHcaTejefi, Kasy^CTOBi cpeAHeBtKOBOH jeo6bh, ooapoGho 
pa3pa6oTaBa]Hxi> h Kyjbrb qyacTBa h pHTyaji hobofo cjy^eHU!, 
nocHjibHO npBMiHflfl Kh ycjOBiiiM'b OKpyucaiouieH AtHCTBHreJibnocTH 
loaJOBJHBbifl 3anoBtAH CTaparo noara: rAt BHAtTbCH ci> mhjoh — 
Ha TypHHpaxi>, bi> iiepKBH (BMicro Tearpa, KyAa HeeamHHbi Obhaih 
Spectatura veniunt, veniunt spectentur ut ipsae); KaKi* yxaseHBaTb 
3a HHMH, opH «IeM^ OBHAieBCKoe: opcde tange pedemo conpoBOHc- 
Aaercii npatcTHqecKBMi coBtTOMi — ocuoxptTbCfl, TTo6bi He Hacxj- 
HHTb HeBSHaqaH Ha uory qejOBtKa, KOTopbifi, 6biTb Moscer'b, bm- 
DbiTbiBaerb TaKHM'b oCpaaoMi xafiHy qy»0H cxpacxH. Apyroe nacxa- 
BJienie noaxa BHA0H3MtueH0 no xaKBMi>-H;c cooSpa^euiflMi): jik)6ob- 
HHKy noje3HO 6biBaexi nnorAa npojHXb cjie3bi; KaKii 6bixb, ecjiH 
cjiesbi He Ha roxoBt? 

Si lacrimae (nee cnim veniunt in tempore semper), 
Deficiunt, uda lumina tange manu; 

cpeAHeBtKOBOif nepecKamHKT> coBtxoBa4T> b^ xaKHXT> cjiyqaax^ 3a- 
nacxHCb — jyKOBHaeS: 

Et si to ne pens avoir lermes, 
Tu porras un oignon tenir, 
Qui tantost les fera venir. 

IlpenoAaexca afejbifi paAT> coBtroBTi h roxoBbix^ BoapaateHiS, 
ecjiH6bi 3aHyacHflH HeuiUHBa B3AyMajia 3aiii.HXHXbCfl jiioCoBbK) ki> 
Mya;y, 6ofl3HbH) 3a MOJiBy, 3a npo^nocxb BbiCKasbiBacMaro kt> neii 



') Cji. G. Paris, La po^sie du moyen kge. Lo<;oas et lectures, crp, 189 u cit,!..: 
Los ancieunes versions fran^aises de PArt d'aimer et des Remddes d'Amour d'Ovide. 
Cj. BSAaHHuft Morel-Fatio (Romania .Vr.V; 58—9) Liber Faceti, v. 181—384. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



14 ' A. n. BECEJIORCKIH, 

HyBCTBa. M H{eHmHfrfe h A'fcByiuK'h iiaioTCH yhaiaHiii, naKb h ^-fesi-b 
OHa MOJKGTi nonpaBHTbCfl: iitnie h ywtine Hrpaxb na iicajiepioHfe 

H APyi'HX'b HUCTpyMeHTaX^ IipHBJieKaFOTli nOKJIOHnHKOBTi, llOJieSUbl 

raKace nrpbi B-b maxMaxbi h TaBJien, xauei^b MejiKHMH, iieiipHHyat- 
AeHHbiMH maH{KaMn — h peKOMeoAyeTCfl rpoMKoe HTenie <t>paHiiy3- 
cKHx-b Kimr-b (romans). Ejeiia c^aBHiiCKOH noBtcxH o Tpot iie 
TOJibKO BOAHTb xopo, HO D rpaMOTFfa, ToiAa KaKT^ Meiiejiaft b^ 
3T0Mi> HCHCKyceH^, KaKTi BOo6iu,e B'b cpeAHie Btna na 3aiiaAt iipe- 
iiMymecTBO rpaiwoTHOCTH SbiJio na cropoirfe H{eiiin,HH^ ^); ottofo 
Ejiena OAna iionHMaeTi cjiosa, naMepxaHiibiB napHC0MT> npacHbiM-b 
BBHOMi) na 6'fejoMT> ySpyct: 

Orbe (juoque in mensae legi sub nomine uostro 
Quod (leducta moro litora fecit Amo 

(Ov. Her. XVII, 87 cjia.)- 

Ona iipHCjiyujHBacTc« ki ero ptHawb: ue H3i-3a sojoxa h ce- 
peOpa IlpJ^IIIeJl^ oht> cjy;KHTb kt. Meuejiaio, h6o xoro h Apyroro B'b 
Tpot BAOBOJb: xbi MOfl iiarpaAa, h n iipcAnoHxy Bct Apyria MyKH — 
My^eHiio no xBoeft catnoxl;)). EosAHte, KorAa noA'b cxtHaMH TpoM 
riapHCb cpa>KeH'b McHCJiaewb h ciiacen'b Jinuib npeACxaxejbcxBOM'b 
Beeepbi, Ejieiia iOBopHn» eMy cjiOBawH xofi-me FepoHAbi (v. 253 

c^tA.)' 

Apta magis Veueri quara sunt tua corpora Marti; 
Bella gerant fortes; tu, Pari, semper ama. 

PiiAOMT> cb IlapHcoM'b u E.ieHOH — ApyiaH iiapa, Koiopyio 
xaK;Ke oOyaja poKOBaa jooGoBb: xa iiacjana iJenepoH, axa — boj- 
lueCHbiai^ 3ejibeMT>. KorAa TpacxaHTi n HsoiTa oxBtAajiH ero, na- 
4ajm rjaA^Tb Apyr'b iia Apyra n iie mucjhjih uh o kowi>, xo.ibKO o 
ce6t. 06a CHAtjiw, tomiio HiM-b-xo ycxpauieaiibie: TpHCxau-b Ay- 
waJiTj WHJOH, oua o hbm^, a o Kopojit Mapn-fe 3a6bUH. ^hbho 
MHt, 4X0 axo xaKoe na MenHjiaiujo, 4cro iipea^Ae iiBKorAa ue 6bi- 
Ba.io! y HHX-b flB.iaexcfl coMHtiiie, ho sojbe hx^ uepeMorJio. Ecjih 



^) Schulz, Das hOfiscbo Leben zur Zcit der Miuuesinger I, 123. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



T^^r 



H3^ HCTOPin POMAllA H HOBIiCTH. 15 

n .U06J110 H30TTy, TOMy ABBHThtn Heqero, pa*3cyatAaen> cl coCoio' 
TpncranTj: Kpanie en Hkn> hhkopo iiacB'hrfe, n ee Bhieea-b, onaMOfl, 
a iiauia jiio6obi> Moacerh 6biTb yTaciia. A Hsorra riOMbiiiijrajia 
npo ceofl: He ahbo, «ito n jiK)6jrK) TpHCTaiia, oii^ mhI; poBiia h bw- 
coKaro poAa, nt,Ti> HacBtrh BHxesfl 6ojibiiie eio. Ohh HecxepntjiH: 
H xeoa mo6mo on> Bcero cepAua, roBopiix^ efl TpEcraHt; H iia 
BcewL CB'trfe HHKoro lie jik)6jik) nan-b TeSrt, n 6yAy JK)6nTb iiOKa 
H;nBa, iipnauaercfl HaoiTa. Tyn. ohh crajiii «oAnoH wbic^Hw, HHfrri 
pbiu.ap>i, KOTOpbiH CT0.ibi<p-6bi iipexepntji-b nax-sa .iio6bh, KaKT> 
TpHcram^ (Tp.). MaoiTa OTBtqaert eMy rfewTj-Hce: KorAa ou'b 
6beTCfl cb rajiioTOMT>, oiia iipHHiiMaerb bt* cepAue Bcfe naiipaB- 
.leiiribie iia Hero yAapbi, 6ji f'»AH'feeTT>, KorAa ocJiaSfeBaeT^ TpHcraHX, 
cTaHOBHTCfl Becejioii n pyMflnon, KorAa OHb Sepex^ Bopxt iiaA^ 
iipoxnBiiHKOMXi (Tp.). 

OcHOBOH xaKoii .iio6bh Gbuo BoapoAHBineecn «iyBcxBO *H3H«}e- 
CKOH Kpacoxbi. ilpeBuce xpHcxiancrBo iieGperjo ew, cpeAHie Etna 
CHara.iH eii AfejiOMii rpfcxoBiibiM'b. «Ame Koxopbiii MyH;^ CMOxpHxi> 
ua Kpacoxy aceacKyio, Aaw Borx, eMy xpacaBHueio 6o.itxH)>, roBo- 
pHXTi J^miiiJi-h SaxounHK-b, napa4>pa3Hpyfl ooBa Cupaxa: OxBpaxH 
OKO xBoe orb MccHbi KpacHBMfl (rji. IX, 8 — 9). Cxapo^paHuyacKiH 
>iopajiHcn> XII — XIII b. Bropari, xowy: npacoxa oiiacaa h uepa- 
3yMeH^ ne.iOB'feKii, KoxopbiB, 3HaH KOBapcxBO Bpara, ue Hcejiaex^ ox- 
cryuHXbCfl oxt> nero (Mut est perilhose chose de beateit, mut est 
foz li om qui bien seit que li anemis est fel et si ne soi vultdelui 
partir)^). Ecjh cxapbi8 KHiiaiHHKT> oxBopaqnaajica oxi> KpacaBHUbi, 
KaKT> ox^ 6'tcoBCKaro co6jia3ua, xo napoAHbiH noaxt iipHrjaAf>i- 
Baerca kt> new, ho onHCbiBaexi> apxawcxeqecKH, no OAHOMy h xoMy- 
a;e aneqecKOMy maSjioay, CBasbiBaiomewy Bbipaweuie HHXHMnaro 
Bneqaxjtnia. Y pyccKofl KpacaBHUbi 

6ijoe inuo KaKs 6u CtJiufi coiiri>', 
II aroAiiau KaKV 6u MaKOBi ubIiti, 



^) Poeme moral. Altfranzftsisches Gedicht hrsg. von E. Cloetta (Romanische 
Forschttngen hrsg. von K. Vollmollcr, III B., 1 Heft). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



16 A. U. BECEJIOBCKlii, 

A n qepouii 6poBn, sasi co6ojib, 
A n ACHHH o<{H, Kaicb 6u y coKOia. 

HHEHe, HO TaK»ce ma6jouHbiMi>, aBsnercH Hjieajii> KpacoTbi bi 
Oo4rapcKOH nicat y MHjaAHHOBbix'L {J& 375, cxp. 407): 

BtiiirpaAO mo mh ci 6'ljen'n>? 
UudTb aemo aa TBa ct 6ijen'rb: 
Bo aero k Mapo BtiorpaTKa, 
Jlnae HMaT'B, BaKO t.CHO C/Wnne, 
O^B HMaTi, saso it;?;pHo rposK, 
Bexn OMaxi, KaKO niiiBumi, 
r;f;pjio UMaii EaKO Mecennaa; 
3a To'a ct Biinrpa;i'b 6tiem'h, 

CTOJk-»Ce yCTOfiqHBO-OAHOCTOpOHHH ODUCaHifl KpaCaBBai, KO- 

Topbixi) BOcntBatOTb pbiE^apcKie nodTbi: oni HenpeMiHuo 6tjo- 
Kypbifl, qejio y hhxt> qxo jcHJiifl, ohh CMtiomiflCfl, sySbi CjiecTniute 
HHCxaro cepeSpa, rpy^b C-fejte cutra h uBtxa TepnoBHHKa, pyKH 
6tjibiH, civHJBHHbiMH HtwHbiMH naJibHRKaMH. Cji. onBcauie Pons'a 
de Capduoill: 

Las vostras belas saaras oris 

el vostre fron plus blanc que lis, 

los vostres olhs vairs e rizens, 

el nas qu'es dreitz e ben sczens, 

la fassa fresca de colors, 

blanca, vermelha plus que flors, 

petita boca, blancas dens, 

plus blancas, qu'esmeratz argens, 

mcnton e gola e peitrina 

blanca com neus ni flors despina, 

las vostras belas blancas mas 

els vostres detz grailes e plas '). 

TaKOBT> oSmifi uodjmecmii xnn^ cpeAHeB-feKoeoH KpacaBBUbi, 
KaHTj-Cbi HH Mtiifljica o6^eKT^> iioaxa; xan^ oriHCbiBaexcfl h <(6tjio- 



1) Cj. mok) saM-feTKy no nosoAy khhth Renicr: II tipo estetico della douna ncl 
medio evo, bt* cxaTbt: Hobwh khmfh uo HapoAHoft caoBecHOCTii, bi> Hiypn. Mhh. 
Hap. ripocB. 18S6, i>eBpaJh, cxp. 188 c.itj,. " Rivista critica doUa letteratura 
italiaua II, As 5, cxp. 132 ca^x. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPie POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 17 

Kypafl» Ejena. Bi> cpeAHie BtKa en huh Bbipa^caerB roTOBoe dCTe- 
TBHecRoe opeACTaBjeHie: KpacHBa Kaieb Ejeea; hoboh Ejeeofi so- 
BercH HpBHa bi> uoant o flflreimcfk^ bi o(5pa6oTKt nerpHTita; 
Me»Ay Thwb H 3T0 npeAcraBjeme — poAOBoe, TOJbKo ycHjeHHoe 
KOJHqecTBeuHO. PasBBBan KpaTKin ynasaHiH ^apera, Benoit de Ste 
More HasbiBaerb Ejeey. 

5100 De trestotes bialtez la flor. 

Unques ne nasqui en cest monde 

Dame si bele ne si blonde, 

De totes fa la soveraine. 

Ausi com est colors de greine 

Plus bele de nnle altre chose, 

Et tot ausi come la rose 

De bialt6 tote rien sormonte, 

Qo dit Daires, qui qo reconte, 

Sormontot de blalt^ Heleine 

Tote rien qui nasqoi homeine — 
5113 Enz el mileu des dons sorciz. 

Qui dougi^ erent et tretiz, 

Aveit un seing en tel endreit 

Qae merveilles 11 aveneit 

Li cors de li ert biax et gras, 

Molt par se vesteit bien de dras; 

S'esteit si franche et de bon aire, 

Qae nus bom nel saareit retraire. 

KoPAa OHa noKasbiBaeTCH cpeAH xpoflHCKiix'b aceHi), CMOxpfl- 
mjix'b Ha 6BTBy ci ropoACKoft crfeHbi, KpyroMi> Hen tohho ocB'fe- 
THjo, Bct noKasbiBawTL Ha Hee Apyr^ Apyry: 

10531 Enter li resclarzist la place 
De la resplendor de sa face. 
Sa fresche chidre color^e 
Est lo jor de maint renomm^e, 
L\ ^^Ul mostrcf^-^'autre al dei *). 






*) Cj. oDHcaHJaj^faieHiJ y KoHpwtQ ,Yan WSa^)^, Der Trojanische Krieg, 
ed. A. V. Keller, |^li908 cjtj^l'-^^ ^'^ 




^■^^ ^Y Digitized by VjOOQIC 



t 



18 



A. H. BKCEJOBCICin, 



Ha^o 6biJ0 jRHHOMy ^BCTey KpacoTbi socnHraTbCH si coho- 
co3HaHiB, HTofibi opopeaTb ary xojn^r anHnecKHX'b *opiiyxb, o»tH- 
BHTb HTb peajbHbiMH iHTpHxaMH H nepeAi* BHtnmHiiH OHepraHiiiifH 
o6pa3a AaTb npeiuiyiitecTBO BbipaHemio opoHSBeAemaro iiin> Bne- 
HaTjtHiH. Hiqxo noAofiaoe HyBCXByerca BixapaKrepHCTHKt EjeHbi 
y oAHoro io»^o-<»paHi^3CKaro Baraera, o^eBHAHO TpoHyxaro htc- 
Hieirb K.iaccHKOBi. Oaa npeACiajia nepeAi> coHMOirb 6oroBi>, tohho 
IXHHTifl, BbicrynHBinafl H3i> bohhi> Oenubi, cjierKa noKpacHtBi h 
noryiTHB'b rojOBy. Ea bojiocw qacTbio pacnyn^eHbi, qacTbio aanje- 
TCHbi H pasAtJeHbi npo6opoirb; H3i> noAi* SpoBeft cjaAOcrpacTHO Bbi- 
FJHAbiBaiorb rjasKF, jraae aBtrymee; CyAxoT oeKrapoMx BeHepw 
yBja»ceHbi ryfiKH h pyKa 6ora xojiHJia noA6opoAOirb. 4To6bi ryc- 
TbiH KyApB HHHero ne cKpbiBaJiH orb en Kpacbi, oea oTKHAbiBaerb 
HXT> no o6k CTopoHbi jHua, H OHO aBJiflexca xorAa, toiho jhkt> 
ABpopbi, KorAa oaa 6jiB3HTca bi po30BOBrb 6jecict yrpa. Paasece- 
jHJHCb Bct 6orH: 4>e6T> pa3rapaeTCa, Mapci npHxoAHTb bi cxpacx- 
Hoe ABHaceaie, Beeepa me6emexT>, 6yAxo B-b ofi-baxiaxi jik)6bh. 

Partim nexa libera coma spatiatur, 
tricatura nexili partim complicatur. 
frontis hec ab apice recte disgregatur, 
frons verenti similis pamm iDclinatur. 
Sedet superciliam, ocnlns lascivit, 
pulcre nasus eminet, oris color viyit, 
Sao Venus nectare oscnla condivit, 
mano deas propria mentam expolivit. 
Et ne decor lateat coma largiore, 
banc ad auras removet bine et bine ab ore. 
tunc apparet facies similis aurore, 
que Ventura mixta est roseo candore. 
Tunc videres superos undique gestire, 
Febum calefieri, Martem lascivire, 
Sicut in amplexibus Venerem gannire *). 






bSeitachrift fOr dcatscbcs Altertbom, 

f Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 19 

3to — nepBan, HtcKOJiBKO peaiHCTRHecKan nonbiTKa ocyn^e- 
cTBHTb wb BOo6paaceHiH BnenaTjiHiH aHTHHHofi KpacoTbi, KOTopan 
pacKpoercH Buojet xmnb jioahmi Bo3po»eAeHiH, THraHHqecKHM'b 
BOHAeitfliflMi MapjioBCKaro ^aycxa. «3T0-jni Bsopi^, noABHTHyBmifl 
TbicHHH Kopa6jeH, 3a«erniiM BepmHHbi HaioHa? A^Py^ ^^^ fiescMeprie 
uon.'k^yeM'hy Muaa Ejena! Eh ycra BbicacbiBaiorb y uena Aymy — 
BOTh OHa yjerijia! XIpHAH, o, EjeHa, oTAafi mh^ ee HasaA'B! Sfifkcb h 
ocTaHycb, h6o bt* 3thxt. ycTaxT> He6o, h npaxT> bc6 to, hto He — 
Ejena. H 6yAy napHCOMi>, hb'b jk>6bh ki> Te6t paspymeHii SyAerb, 
BM'I^CTO TpoH, BHTTeH6epn>; h BbiaoBy na 6paHb xHJiaro MenaiaH, 
tboh iiBtTa yKpacHTb moh niHmaKi>. GaMoro AxHjJia h nopancy 
BT> nnry — h CHOBa kt, Ejch* 3a noi^'fejiyeMi! 0! tw KpacHBte 
BeiepHHTO He6a, OA'i^Taro npejecTbio tlichto BBtBA^B; 6jecTHii]i'6e 
3eBca, KOPAa B'b orBi MOJiHiH 6ht> npeACxajii HecnacTHofi Ceueit; 
npenpacHte^ liMi OiBMoiHCKifi BjacTHreJb bi> ja3ypeBbirb 0611- 
flTbflXT> HppHBofi ApeTy3bi. Tbi, OAHa Tbi 6yAemb MoeS mhjoh»! 

Was this the face that launched a thousand ships 
And burnt the topless towers of Ilium? 
Sweet Helen, make me immortal with a kiss! 
Her lips suck forth my soul: see, where it flies! 
Come, Helen, come, give me my soul again. 
Here well I dwell, for heaven is in these lips, 
Aud all is dross, that is not Helena. 
I will be Paris, and'for love of thee 
Instead of Troy, shall Wertenberg be sack'd. 
And I will combat with weak Menelaus, 
And i^ear thy colours on my plumed crest 
Yea, I will wound Achilles in the heel 
And then return to Helen for a kiss. 
0, thou art fairer than the evening air 
Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars; 
Brighter art thou than flaming Jupiter 
When he appeared to hapless Semele; 
More lovely than the monarch of the sky 
In wanton Arethnsa's azur^d arms; 
And none but thou shalt be my paramour! 

2* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



20 A. B. BECEJOBCKli. 



Ejeei BUBin Tpwaasmrk Ximai ^jiivter^ nepejci* aroi 
pocKoaiUDEpicon»; wh cymmxn 
BOo6me 

xapaKi epii> mi ru ojuuai anvreTovi — cpacvBuxv Ho bbsbo oo- 
SHBHie EjeHu, ^to ea cjncan ofitsuBBen c¥ jvfiBa avi bcbboto 
HpaBCTBeflHBTO h^mjb; Kona Dapan oorucaarrcB c% mem^ obji 
TaiTb OTBtuexik: o AxKcumph. m me ctulbd refit toto Biyvpecv 
HCoTaRiAOCTDKnroBopBTbBvnsK), jj p lBuiTB r mkiKjf» g p ac oiy. — 
B DOJiofiflBiiiaqr. Cx Or. Her. XYL 35: 



Nee tBBien irmaeor. qsis eaia sm<xeaseL aajoti? 

Si Riodo, qB« pnefan, boo si^ilMnr ^mor. 
Hoe qnoqve enia dBbito, mom qmod/Umcia de:^, 

Aut mtta sii fades mom bme mota mAi. 
Sed qvia eredslius dmrnBO solet esse pbHiw 



dn OAHB wpra, o6o6mBBaiaB ntjoe KTjLTrpBoe mefoe, 
HCKynaeTB aeacBocTB ii:ijBro ofipm. 

Hdorra BBimrb ooBtcrei Bumn btopo 6jiwie. On Tana- 
se GtjOKypaa, la bloie; jCBazjoa oea npeicraeni aa cjxh est- 
i^mBTB JDOAei, Korropue jiOJSHu ootaBTV ea cpacorr cpaaeB- 
TejbBO CK KpacoTOB) xeflu BpvBopa b Hieabe^iu; o6a pa3a no- 
6tAa ocraerca aa ea cropoei. bo san opejiOcraBjeBO yrajiBn em 
MOTBBbl, B60 BBRaKOi oCcToaraibcneBBOCTB Hfen>. nojuBBHiKy 
ciaBflHCKaro nepecKaiUBKa HeB38icrefli> 6uxh xapacrepobii ^ob- 
30A*B craparo poMaaa o TpBcraHt \ Koropui ]fon»-€u lan no- 
Boxi Ki TBROiiy BMeHHO paaBBiiio: TpBcraBTL b Ka^pjiBHi* Ba&po- 
AaKXTB, opBTaBuiiBC^ 3a mecTBien Haama b em cbbtu bt> aieat, 
HanoHBHaioiiiei mecnie iUo*i^<»oi naryiim b lanajtmiiH Dapajjejn 
3Toro MOTBBa^. Tan b 3jttcb oaaume apvrejfl Bacrpoeeo: itxy 



>) Fr. MkkeL TrifUiu m, S-i orpuBon: EiUurd tob Oberge (ed. Lkktai- 
iteiB) ▼. 6458 utju; Hemiick ?«b Frab^g TrisUs (ed. R. Beci^ten) t. 4420 

^ Cx. WW DaanpTtcxis 6uiMiai. bu. IL cvp. IGO cxlji.; 308 cjIju 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H OOB-bCTH. 21 

Ki 3ptjiBiuy ueBHAaHHaro Beinmin h (SoraxcTBa, sjifkch ki> OTKpo- 
seuiio HeHarjflAHOH KpacoTbi. Bx ua4aji HAerb ufkjibm pflAi* npH- 

CJy2KHBK0Bl>, Cl> rOHHBMH nCaMH, KOHflMH H OXOTHB^bBMH DTHI^aMH: 

25 Vienent garzon, vieneot vatlet, 
Vienent set&z, vienent brachet 
E li curliu e li veltrier 
£ li cuistruns e li bernier 
£ maresicbals e herbeijors, 

Gils sumiers 

Gils cbevals palefreis [k desire] 
Gils oisels qu'e[n] porte k senestre. 

H0 KopojeBbi, HH en npH6jiB»eeHH0fi EpaHrenbi eu^e He bbaho. 
/I,ajie noKasbiBaioTCfl npacjiyacHfliibi, nopTOMofiaBi^bi, nocTeabHBi^b], 
mBeB. 

39 A tant eis-lor les lavenderes, 
£t les foraines chanberreres 
Ki servent del farain mester, 
Del liz atumer, del esbalcer, 
Des draz custre, des chief layer, 
Des altres choses aprester. 

Borb OHa, BOCiuflEiaerb Kaerdins, AyMaa cpeAH npHCJiyHHHAi 
yspixb Kopoiesy. Hixij, OTBtHaerb TpBcxani. IIIecxBie A^ficTBH- 
TCJibHO npoAOJiHaeTCH: sa chanberlang TicHHTCii xojna pbiAapefi h 
AaMi, Cb ntcHHMB fl Bi fiectAaxi o jioSbb: 

51 De chevaliers, des dameiseles, 
D'ensegn^s, de praz et de beles, 
Ghantent bels suns e pastoreles. 
Apr^s vienent les dameiseles, 
FiUes k princes e k barons, 
N6es de plusors regions, 
Ghantent sons e chant del[i]tas; 
Od eles vont li amerns, 
Li enseignez e li v[ai]l[lanz], 
De droerie vont parla[n]z. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



22 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

En^e pa3i> Ka^ercH KaapAray, hto ohi> bhahti> Hsorry, h 
onHTb 9T0 6bua oiiiH6Ka. HaKoneiix OHa HBBJiack: bott> oea! 

TaRHxi>ApacTH^ecKHxi> cufiwb cep6cRifi poMani He 3Haen>, naKx 
He 3HaeTi> b SHaMenHTofi cii^eHbi, saBepmaioii^eH bck) ary TpareAuo 
jk)6bh, MBpfln^eS ci> rfeM-b, tto bi nefi Morjo Ka3aTbCH 6e3HpaB- 
CTBeHHbiMi>, HCKynaion^efi AtJiyio mmsBb npocTyoKOBX CTpacTUbiMi> 
ABH2KeHieMi» nocjtAHflro airra. TpBcraHi* onacHo paHeHi>, Bbi3bi* 
Baerb kt. ce6t Hsi-aa Mopa Haoxry, HCKycHyio jieKapKy, qroSbi 
OHa nojieTOJia ero. Ohi acAerb ne AOWAexcB en, a ea conepHHi^a — 
acena yBtpnerb ero, tco KopaOjib opiiCTaj'b, a HsoxTbi u-ferb. Ilo- 
BtpHBi> TOMy, OHX yMHpaerb bi tock*, a HsoTxa flBJifleicfl Jienib 
ea TtMi, ^ToSbi ynacTb 6e3AbixaHH0H na xpyai BiHJiaro: 

Amis Tristans, quant mort vus vei, 
Par raison vivre pais ne dei, 
Mort estes pur la meie amar, 
E jo mair, amis, de tendrur *). 

JIcHxojOFHHecKoe 3HaHeHie axoS pa3BB3Kii eABa-JiH Mori> out- 
HBTb cjiaBflHCKiH nepecKaiuHKi; ho OMy-ja npBBaAJeiKBrb h ubicjb 
sdiM^BHTb eg HOBOBy Heo6bi<iHoi? TpHCTaHi> paaeHx na xypHHpt, 
BAajB OTb HBOTTbi, OTb KOTopoS npBxoABTb iiBCbMo: Kaicb pbi6a 
6e3i BOAbi He Moacerb acHTb, TaKi h h 6e3'b xeSa, nnuierb oaa 
ewy. Oht. mjieT'b K'b a^A* MapKy cb npocbCoK) — oxnycxHTb k% 
HeMyH30xxy: nycxb ero nojieqaxi. MapKO oxoxho oxnycKaexi ateny, 
B OHa, npB6biBi> K'b TpBCxany, ycepAHO npBHBMaexca BpanoBaxb 
ero. yMepT>-jH owb ex Tfexi pam), hjih Bbi3AopoBfeji'b — ne 3HaK)! 

IIoaBiH JK)6bH H KpaCOXbl 0Xpa3HJaCb B1> CJaBHHO-pOMaHCKOH 
nOBtCXB SjltAHblMH CHJiydXaMB*, Bl AJHHHOH BepOHBI^t HpHKJIOqeHiH 

B xypHBpoBi>, xpaSpbixi) pbiaapen a BJiK)6jieHHbixi uapeBenx, na- 
HOMHHaioiueH CBBxy n30xxy, Mbi, 6e3i homoiuh 3anaAHbix'b opBPB- 
najioB'b, He HainjiH-6bi, na komT) ocxanoBHXb rja3a b ho CKaBajH 6bi: 
B0XT> OHa! TaKOBa cyAbCa Bctxij nepBbixi* oxKpoBeHifi: bxi sacjiyra 



>) Fr. Michel, 1. c. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA D nOBtCTH. 23 

B-b ooTOHt, He Bi 3aBepineHiH; bi 3tomi h saKjio'iaeTCfl HOTepecB 
cjaBflHO-poMaHCK]ixi> noBtcren. 

Hxi) MaTepbHJbHoe BjiHHie ea cocTaBi eapoAHO-cjaBflHCKaro, 
ocoSjhbo pyccKaro xBopnecTBa, 6bijrb HeaHaHHtejeHi: tojibko no- 
BtcTb BoBt noAapHja Haci aapoAHOH cKasKofi, phaomi HOBbixi* 
3nHHecKRxi> HMeHi> (BoBa, noJKaHi>, aapb SaAOHCKiii) h «Me']eMi> 
iuaAeHaoMT>». TpHCTaHT>, coxpaHHBmificfl bt> oahoh tojibko pyKonncH 
H, B-fepoflTHO, He HMtBinifi oco6aro pacnpocTpaneHiH, ne Mon> ocxa- 
BHTb H 0T^0JI0CK0B^; 3nH30Ai>. CTapo*paHay3eKaro poiiana, Koropbifi 

H DpHBjeKl> Kl 06l>flCHeHiK) 5blJIHHbI CaAKt ^), He HaXOAHTCH Bl 
6tjOpyCCKOH nOB-feCTB H CaMblH pa3CKa31> MOr^ 3aHTH Kl> HaMl He 

H31 CperoHCKaro miKja. Ki Tpohhckhmt> /I,tHHiflMi> na PycH mohcho 
6buo-6bi, ho, pa3yMteTCfl, noAT> coMHtnieMi, npHBHsaxb o6pa3'b 
«EjieHbi opeKpacHo8» HamHXi> CKa30Ki> h no5biBajibiUHHi. Bi> no- 
6biBajibmHHaxi o6t> Ajiem-fe nonoBH4t ona lepeAyeTCH bx oahoh 
pojiH c^ Hacracbefi aapesHOH *); bt> cKa3KaxT> ee do6ueaerm 
HaaH-b i^apeBHH-b, npoTHBi Koxoparo sjioyMbimjfliorb ero CTapmie 
6paTba '), wh Apyrnxi ee docmaevm AJfl i^apa HHKHxa KojixoMa *), 
(lBaHi> HJiH oAHHi H3'b ceMH CeMioHOBi^); JHoo ona cecxpa hjh 
acena HBana, roxoBflui,aH Ha nero kobm h3i> jk)6bh ki> ApyroMy h 
BT> HaKasanie 3a xo pa3MbiKaHHafl no HHCxoMy hojk) ®); KaKofi-xo 
cxapHK^ euKpaM e6 y oxAa y MaxepH h npoAaex^ HnaHy, koxo- 
poMy ona aoMoraexi> cbobm'b bI^u^hmi 3HaHieHi> ^) — KaKi> h MjHna 

pyMblHCKOH CKa3KH HO XOJbKO npOKpaCHa KaKl> COJHUe, HO H OXBt- 

HaexT> HSBicxHOMy xany «MyApoH A^Bbiw ®). BHHManie ocxanaBJH- 



1) EuiuHa Ca^^K*]^, Hvypn. Muh. Hap. IIpocB. 1886, A^Kadpb, CTp. 251 cat^. 

^ Cj. moh H)>KHopyccKifl 6ujihhu, II CTp. 897. 

^ AeanacbeBi*, Hap. pyccK. ck. .A« 102, 104; ci. CaAOBHUKoea, CnaaKH 
H opeAamH CaMapcKaro Kpaa J^ 60. 

*) AeaHacbeBT,, J\& 116 b; cj. Aj 133. 

5) ib. J^ 84. 

«) ib. J\& 118 a; 120. 

') Cji. mok) craTbK): Me^Klfi saM^TKH ki> dbuuHaM-b, bi> HCype. Muh. Ilap. 
IIpocB. 1885, HoH6pb, cxp. 178—9. 

*) Cj. Mofi OTMerB o cCopHHKt KpeMHui;i> bi^ }KypH. Mhh. Hap. IIpocB. 
1883 r., ilflsapb, cxp. 217. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



24 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, BS'b HCrOPIH POMAHA H OOB^CTH. 

BSJOTh He CTOJbKO HtKOTOpblfl nOApo6HOCTH THDE (jH)60Bb, yBOSl), 

cKOJbKO nocTOHHCTBO dOHTera: Ejieea npeKpacHafl, Il^na Ciostntana, 
30J0T0KyApaH KpacaBHita pyMbmcKaro noBtpbH ^). 



') Oi. Arsenie, Noaa coUectiune de Basme sau istorii populare, 2 ed. CTp. 6 
cj^A.; Schott, Walachische m&rchen, J\& 17: Juliana Eosseschana. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 






I. 

DMO-CJIABflHCKAfl DOB-BCTb TM 



Bonpoc-b o6i HCTOHHHKax'L H pasBRTiH TpoflHCKofi caPH Bi> cpeA- 
Hie BtKa yase cosAaJCB ufkiyio JiHTepaxypy. yKa«eMi», ajh oCmaro 
o6o3ptHiH, Ha TpyAi> Joly ^) h bi> ocofieHuocTH na MOHorpa<i»iK) 
/[yHrepa^), ki> KOTopbiMi> npBMbiKaerb ^axh cneAiajibHbix7» B3CJit- 
AOBanit /I,apeTi h /(HKTHct, KOMoeHAiosHbie pascKasbi KOTopbix'b 
jierjH Bi> ocHOBy Bcfex-b cpeAHeBtKOBbixii noani o Tpot. HsBtcxHO, 
WTO HO OTHomeHiio Kb AomeAoiHM'b ao nacb jaTBHCKHifb TeKCxaH'b 
^apera h J^HKTHca MHiHlH pacxoAHTcn: oAHH'nojiaraiorb, qxo ohh 
HHKOFAa He cyn^ecTBOBajiH bi> 6ojite noApoCflbix'b sepcinxi, Apyrie 
3aRjioqaH)rb o cyu^ecTBOBaniH TaKOBbixi) h3i> pasfiopa cpeAHestKO- 
Bbixi) no3Mi> TpoHHCKBX'b AtHHiHxi>, ccbuaion^HXCH Ha /I,apeTa 
n ^KTHca H BMtcrfe ch TtMi) AaK)niHxi>, ccbijiaacb na hrxi*, xaKifl 
noApoGHOCTH, KaKBXTi Htrb B-b AomeAniBx-b ao naci TeKCTaxi*. 
Kii aroiiy pasnorjiaciK) npHCoeABHHJiocb h enie oaho — bi> Bonpoct 
rpeqecROMi opHrHnajit JtaniHCKaro CKaaaniH, coxpanHBmarocH 



1) Joly, Benolt de Ste More et le roman de Troie, oa les Metamorphoses 
d'Hom^re et de P^pop^e greco-latine aa moyen &ge. 2 vv, 1870 — 1. 

*) Danger, Die Sage vom trojanischen Kriege in den Bearbeitungen des Mit- 
telalters and ibren antiken Quellen. 1869. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



26 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

CB BMeHeH-b ^HKTHca, npH qesfL OAHH c<iHTajn ero rBnoTeTHqecHH 
B03MoacHbiMi> *), Apyrie OTpHAajra ero cymecxBOBaHie. 

HoBae KHBra Fpen^a ^) xoHen> BbincHBTs h ycxpaHHXb 3th 
pasHorjiaciii, HBJiHiicb bi aroui) CHbicjt HOBbiMi> npBpaiiieHieMi> 
jrarepaTypbi o /l,apeTt h /I,BKTBct ; ho xani KaKi no axoMy noBOAy 
aBTopy npflmjocb pa306paTb utjibiH pHA^b cpeAueBtKOBbixi npoas- 
BeAeeiH, bi* Koxopbixi) BjiflHie roro h Apyroro coxpanHJiocb hjib 
npeAnojaraercH, ero coHBHCHie nojyHB^o xapaKxepi o6maro 060- 
sp^Hiii TpoflHCKBX'b CKa3aHiH bx Jflxepaxypaxx 3anaAa h BBBanxiH. 
CorjacHO nepBOB <iacxfl saAa^B KHsra pacnaAaexcB Ha ABt nojio- 
BBHbi: noaxbi, nojbaoBaBiniecfl xeKCxoMT> ^apexa — bo rjiafit bx'b 
Benoit de Ste More — b noApanaxejB ^BKXBca, bx hxi> rjiast 
Majaja. B-b paafiopi nancAaro opoHSBeAeHlfl, Ka»(Aaro xpoHHCKaro 
CKasaHifl BbiAtjflexcB aojih BaBMCXBOBanin b3i> il,apexa h ^HKXHca 
fl yKa3biBaioxcfl Apyrie KJiaccBiecKie bcxo^bbkh, KoxopbiMH Morb 
nojibsoBaxbCfl xoxt> bjib ApyroH aBxopi: xyxT> ecxb b Pindarus 
Thebanus, b FepOBAbi b MexaNop<i»o3bi ObbaIb, h BaprBJiiB, b Fb- 
fBH'b B X. n. Ilojiyqaexcfl BHorAa xaKoe BnenaxatHie, 6yAT0 cpeAHe- 
BtKOBbie no3Xbi pa6oxajiH Cb akion JiHxepaxypoH bt* pynaxT*, cb 6b- 
6jioxeKOB H3Bjie^eHiB, xorAa mK-b wh BBbixi cjyqaaxi Jierne o6^hc- 
HBXb B3BicxHyH) AOJiK) KjiaccB<iecKBxi oxrojiocKOBi* He 831) HenocpoA- 
cxBeHHaro snaKOMCXBa cb ApeBHBMH aBxopaMB, a B3'b utjibHbix'b 
yxpaieHHbixi CKa3aHiB, b-b Koxopbixx rfe oxfojiockb yace BHtjiB 
Micxo. npBMtpoM'b MOiKexi cjyHCflxb opBrHHaJii) cjaBHHCKOH npflxqfl 
o Tpot ci> en qacxbiMB oxssyKaMH H3i> ObhaIb. Tanoe npeAooJiotteeHie 
KamexcH unt HeoGxoAHMbiH'b, poBste pacnpeAtjiHH cxpyio KiaccHqe- 
cKaro npeAaHifl a He 3acxaBjiflfl cpeAneBtKOBaro noaxa paCoxaxb npB 
noMoioB dKCAepnxoB'b, Koxopbie, no MHtniio anxopa, npocxBpajBCb 
H Ha KOMMeHxapifl Cepfiifl b na rjoccbi ki> ApeBHHM-b aBxopaMi> 
(cj. cxp. 105, 111). Hab xaKBittx nyxeju-b naAO fiyAexi AonycxHXb 



^) Ki} 3T0My MH']&HiK) cKJtOHHJiCH H fl ; cj. MOto CTaTbK): UoBbiA BsrjiHA'i' na 
Cjobo IToiKy Hropeet, bii }KypH. Muh. Hap. IIpocB. 1877, AsrycTi., cTp. 296. 

*)Wilhelm Greif, Die mittelalterHchen Bearbeitungen der Trojanersage. 
Ein neuer Beitrag zur Dares- and Dictysfrage. Marburg, 1886. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMABA H nOB-BCTH. 27 

H rHnoT^ay Byrre, OTKpbiBaiomyK) bt> MHeojorin CKaHAHHaBCKaro 
ctsepa cjtAbi 3HaK0MCTBa ci> TaKOH-»(e rjioccapeoS jHTepaTypoH ^). 
Bi Bonpocfe ^aperfe h ^HKTHct oCmift peayjibxarb, ki* ko- 
TOpOMy npHiqejTb HscjtAOBaTejb, cjitAyK)iiiiH: 6ojie noApo6Hbixi> 
TeKCTOBi> DpHnHcaHHbix-b BM^ CKasaHiH, qtMii AomcAmie ao Haci>, 
He cymecTBOBajio, He cymecxBOBajio h rpeqecKaro /I,HKTHca. IIo- 
cjtAHHM-b aBTopi* sauHMaercfl oco6o, bi* opocrpaHHOfi rjaBt, hocba- 
mcHHOH Majajii (cxp. 173—246), Koxopbifi caMi HasBaJii hcxoh- 
H0KH CBoero oxAtJa o Tpot: CB3B4>a KoccKaro, /I,BKXHca h KaKoro-xo 
/(oftiHBHa. PasCHpaH y Majiajibi xo, qxo bsbxo hjh mofjo 6bixb bsbxo 
y CB3H*a, aBxcpx npHX0ABXT> kt* aaKJiioqeHiK), tto A^KXHCb nojib- 
30Bajcfl xi^Mii-ace HcxoqnBKOM'b h phaomi> ci> rnirb emfi h ApyniMi>, 
KoxopbiH rpeH<i»i> HbixaexcH pacnoanaxb bi> xeKCxt, BbiAtjiBfl bi HeHi> 
Mtexa, o6jiHqaK)mia jiio6oBb kt, OAHOMy cxHJiHCXH^ecKOMy npieny 
(CJ. §§197, 200, 207, 210, 222; CJ. cxp. 241), cxOamin Btxtc- 

HOH B3aHMH0H CBH3H — H Bl OXHOCBXeJbHO CJiaCofi Cb qaCXHMH, 3aHM- 

cxBOBaHHbiMH Hai. CH3B*a (= Majiajbi). 3xo — oxpbiBKH Bxoporo 
BCxoqHHKa /l,HKXHca, xapaKxepH3yeMbie, KaK'b A-fejioe, eme h BbiAaw- 
meiocfl pojbK), Koxopaa Aaexcfl bt, TpoaHCKoS noatcxH IlajiaMeAy. 
Afixopi) BbicxaBJiflexi> PHooxesy, qxo xaKBiii> HCxoiHHKOArb MOPJa 
6bixb ynoHHHaeMaa Cbhaoh HjiaAa KopHHHa, yieHHKa najraueAOBa 
(ci. cxp. 244). CxBJHCXHqecKifi npicM^, Koxopbifl HMtexi> bt> BBAy 
Fpefi^i, xoxT>, Hxo npH pa3CKa3t o KaKHXi-nHfiyAb «Heo6biHafiHbix'b 
coSbixiflxi Aaexcfl B03Moa[Hocxb BbiCopa MeacAy xofi hjh Apyrofi 
o6ycjiOBHBffleH ero npHTOHoft» (cxp. 205), nanp.: Diet. 1, 19: neque 
multo post, irane coelesti an oh mutationem aSris corporibus per- 
temptatis lues invadit; II, 30: incerttim cUione casu an^ uti omni- 
bus videbatur, ira ApoUinis morbus gravissimus exercitum inva- 
dit; II, 34: taedione an recordatione stwrum; IV, 4: permoti 
querelis Rhodiorum an cupidine diripiendarum rerum h x. a. 
TpyAHo npeACxaBHXb ceCi, Hxofibi KOMneHAiaxopy, KaKHMi> 6bijn> 
nceBAO-^HKXHci), npHmJO ua Mbicjib nocJitAOBaxeJbHO coxpaHHXb 
vh CBoeHi> jiaxHHCKOM'b c»caxoMi nepecKaat H3JK)6jieHHbiH CHHxaKCH- 

1) Cm. uoh PasfaiCRaHifl YIII, CTp. 853. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



28 A. U. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

qecKifi oCopoTb noAJraHraica; eme xpyAHte BMtHHTb arort o6oporb 
yqeHHKy, hjib CKopte, uBRMOMy yneHHKy IlajaMeAa: eny npHxoAH- 
jiocb pa3CKa3biBaTb o noABBraxi> cBoero repoa, o KOTopbixT> oht> 
3HaiT>, BJH MflHJi> ce6fl 3BaiomHM%, H m> ycBoeHBOMy hmi« xapaK- 
Tepy CBHAtrejni nepsoH pyKH He opHCTajra TaKui BbipameHin coMst- 
mn UH HeyBtpeHHOCTH, Kairb incertum — an h t. n. 

Bi nocjiAHefi rjiaBt CBoero B3CJitA0BaHiH rpeB<i»i> nocBHoiaerB 
HtcKOJbKO crpaHBiTb (cxp. 269 — 278) cjiaBflHCKOfi noBtcxa o Tpot, 
KOTopoH KacajiCH, BnpoTOMi, H paHbiue (crp. 94 — 103, 105 — 6, 
125—8, 148—9, 160—1). 

Ci> Ttxi> nopi KaKi> Ha jiaTHHCKifi oepeBOAi> cJiaBHHCKOH no- 
BtCTH, CAtjiaHHbiH MHKJomflHeM'b ^), ofipameno 6bijio BHHMame 
4>. MeHCTepoMTi npe ero BSAaaiH ^apexa *), saoaAHbie yqeHbie 
saHUBCb dTOB BepcieH tpohhckoS carR h OTbicKajiH icb nefi HicKOJbKo 
napajjejiei bi> aanaAHOH b KjaccflnecKBX'b JiBTepaTypaxi (R. Kdhler^ 
F. Meister, Dunger, Mussafia), napajuejiefi, KOTopbia rpeH«i> 
yMHO»Hjni H npBBejTb b^ nopaAOKi, TaKi> wvo nocx& ero CBOAa 

HtKOTOpbie BOOpOCbl HOCTaBBJIHCb Ha HOBO H HCBte 06HapyHCHJ0Cb 

TO, HTO eme ocraercH bt, ofiaacrn HCKOMaro. Onaaajocb, tto Ha 
H3BtcTH0Mi npoTHHemH pa3CKa3a nama cjaBBHCKan noBtcTb HAerb 
napajJieibHO ch iitjn>ui'b phaomi* 3aoaAHbixi), <ihcjo KOTopbixi> yne- 
jiH^jiocb CO BpeMeHH H3CJitA0BaHiH Fpefi^a; hto, crajio 6biTb, Bci 
OHt ooqepnajH H3'b KaKoro-HH6yAb o6maro hjih cxoAHaro flcxoHHHKa. 
rpefi^fr-b nojb30BajiCH cjiaBHHCKOH uoBtcTbio hiy jiaTHHCKOMi> ne- 
peBOAt en TeKCia, noMtiueHnaro bi BaTRKancKOM'b coHCKi xpoHBKH 
ManacciH, nepeBeAeHHOH na uepKOBHocjaBflHciuH H3biK'b no nopyqe- 
hIk) CojirapcKaro uapfl AjieKcaHApa (1331 — 1365). KpoMt aroro 
CHHCKa, H3AaHHaro MHKJiomHqeH'b (1. c), H3BtcTeH'b eme oahhi*, 
TaKflce noMtmeHHbiH 3a xpaHBKOH MaHaccin: ohi> naxoAHTCfl bi* 
pyKonHCH C.-nexepfiyprcKoft jlyxoBHOfi AKaAOMiH = HoBropoACKo- 
Co<i»iHCKOH }& 1497, XYI BtKa, ouHcaHX A. IIonoBbiMi ^ h H3- 



') Miklosid, Trojanska prica bagarski i latinski, bi> Starine III (1871 r.). 

^) De excidio Trojae historia. Lips. 1878. 

') A. nonoBi}, 063opi> XpoHorpa^OB'b I, 125. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H UOB-fiCTH. 29 

Aaercfl bt> nepBOMt npHJoateHiH kx HacTOflmeMy onepKy. ^ea xop- 
BaTCKHx^ rjarojiqecKHx-b xeKcxa fibUH HSAaHbi RrtmeMiy: oahhi* 
B^ oTpbiBKi no pKn. XV-ro Btna^), Apyrofi, nojTHbift, nopyKonHCH, 
Cl> DQMtTKaMH BX HeH, no3AHtHiiieH pyKOK), 1451, 1452 H 1552-xi> 
roAOBTi ^). Ha PycH noBtcTb Haina BHeceea 6bua b7> xpoHorpa*!* 
1-H peAanaiH^); HefiojibmoH oTpbiBOKt (cyA^ IlapHca) HaneHaTaHT> 
6bui> BycjaeBbiMi)^) no pyKonncH euy npnnaAJieHcau^ei; KpaTKin 
nepecKasTi, BHecenHbifi bt> xponorpaox ocofiaro cocxaBa, noMtmeai* 
naMH B^ npHJOHceniH noAi> K?. 2; peAaKAifl, BSAannaH [IbinHHbiM'b^), 
ci> en coKpameniflUH h jhoiuhmb dnH30AaHH, 3aBHCTB0BaHHbiMH bsi* 
Apyroro BCxoHHHKa, ne npeACxaBJiaexT> 6ojibraaro noAcnopbfl kt> 
BoacxaeoBjeHiK) opHrBeajia. B'LofimeM'b, bo Bctxi> coBCKaxT, xckcxt. 
noBifecxH xoxT>-»e, ecjiH ne ciHxaxbCfl ct> noAHOBJieniflMH nawKa, 
pyccBSMaMH pyccKBXT, cnHCKOBX H coKpameniflMH, JSesi Koxopbixi 
He ofiomejcfl h fiojrapcKifi xeKcxT>. B'bBHAyaxoro nojieano 6bi J0-6bi 
nojiOHCHXb ero, KaKT> naHfioJiie ap^bhIh, bi> ocnoBy KpHxnqecKaro 
BSAaaifl, c6jH»cafl ci Co^^iHCKHRfL, npHeaAJieacaiuHMi ki> oaho^ cl 
HHMi> peAeHsiH, H npBBjreKan k^ cpaBHeHito h Apyrie BSBtcxHbie 
Aocej-fe BapbHHXbi, cpeAB Koxopbix'b xopBaxcKie xeKCxw flrHHa 
npeACxaBjiaK)xi> ocofiyio rpynny. 3xo ynpoqeao 6bi h pesyjibxaxbi 
cpaBHHxejibHo-jiBxepaxypHaro HsyMeHiB, bi KoxopoMi HaAJie»Hxi> 
npHHHXb yqacxie h cJiaBflHCKBM'b yqenbiMi. 

GooGwifiH AaJiie pesyjibxaxbi, AoObixbie cpaBHeHieMi, a Ay^aEO 
xtMX caMbiMTi ofijrerqBXb bxt* CyAyn^yK) pa6oxy ®). 



*) PrimSri staroherv. jezika It (1866), CTp. 180—4. 

*) Prilozi k history i knjizevnosti naroda hrvatskoga i srbskoga, 1868, 
crp. 57—72. 

8) Cj. a. IXonoB-b, J. c. I, 220, 124 cjitA-; cji. H, 286—7. 

^) HcTopHHecKae zpHCTOMaTin uepK. c^ae. u Apes. pyccK. aauna, CTp. 977 — 8. 

^) O'lepK'b, cxp. 306—316: no pyiiflHi^eBCKOMy xpoHorpa<»y XVII b., J^ 456, 
cb RapbairraMH no pyHflHi;eBCKOMy->Ke zpoHorpa<i»y J\b 459 h oabo8 pyKonucH, 
BaxoAHu^eilca b-b qacTHoin> BJiaA^niu. 

^) TeRCTT* (u jiaTUHCKift nepeBOAi*) MnKJiomu^ia uHTyiOTCH a^^^c: Micl.; 
Pril. =s TCKCTb Hruqa B-B Prilozi; Prim. = Primeri HrHHa; HoBropoACKO-Co^ift- 
CKifi TCKcrb noBtcTH (pKn. IIB. ^x. AKaAeniii J\& 1497) = H.Co*.; Ilbin. =(nbi- 

ElUWh), 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



30 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 



IIoBtcTb eaqHHaexcfl poaocjiobhoh tpohhckhxt* BjacTHTejefi : 
ripHmeAT*, npHHAenn* (Micl.), npHaieAT> (H.Co*.), flpoAtni'L (xpo- 
eorpa*T> l-fi peAaKi;iH), IIpHAemb (fibin.), ripBcm* (Pril. 
Prim.) = Phryx, Phrygius (* 4>pBacb). ' 

I 

OHJiymi, — a (MicL), OBjyma (H.Co*.), Hjym (Pril.), Hjoyint 
(Prim.) = Has. 

I 

JlaMeAOHTi (Micl.), JIaMeoAOHT> (H.Co*.), JTaBMeAOH^ (Pril. Prim.)=: 
Laomedon. 

UlapHKoyma (Micl.), AraapBKym* (Pril. Prim.) = Assaracus. 

/I,apAaHoyma (Micl., H.Co*.), flapAanym (Pril. Prim.)=Dardanus. 

I 

Tpowoyraa (Micl., H.Co*.), TpoHJiym (Pril. Prim.)=Troilus, Tros. 

I 

nptrziMoymb (Micl., H.Co*.), npHtwymb (Pril. Prim.)=Priamus. 

FopoAa, HMH nocji'feAOBaTejbHO nocTpoeHm>ie: ripHffiiH (Micl.; 
H.Co*.: npyacHrzi; Pril.: IIpHhHi; Prim.: np'feTHfe) = Phrygia; 
Hjhuihi (Micl. H.Co«i»., Pril.) = Ilium; JIaMeAOHifl (Micl. H.Co*.; 
Pril.: JlaBMCAOHHt); UlapHKoyraia (Micl.; Pril.: AmapaKHt); flja^p- 
Aama (Micl. H.Co«»., Pril., Prim.); Tpofl '). 

SanyTaHHOCTb axoro poAOCJiOBHaro Apesa 6pocaeTCH bi rjiaaa; 
ApeBHHfl rcHeaJoriH (ApoUod. Ill, 12) 6bua Apyrae: 



^) B-b Preambulum ad Virgilianam historiam (Cod. Riccard 1238, XY etna) 
ropo^a, cooTBi^TCTByK>I^ie no Ha3BaHiflMT> HMenaM-b hxi* ocBOBaTejuefi u cocah- 
HeHHue BnocitACTBin wh Tpoio, cit^yiomie: Dardania, Teucria, Troia, IIo, Ante- 
norida. Cm. Parodi, I rifacimenti e le traduzion! italiane delPEneide di Virgilio 
prima del rioascimento, Stud^j di filologia romanza, fasc. 5, cTp. 197. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 31 

Dardanus 

I 

Erichthonius 

I 
Tros 

Ilus Assaracus 

I 

Laomedon 

I 
Priamus 

(^apAaHifl, Tpofl — HaaeaHie o6jiacTeH, ^cbpa; Ilium — ropoAa). 
y A^KTHca (ed. Meister, IV, 22; I, 9) axa poAOCJiOBHafl Hsmt- 
Heaa bt> tomt, cmbicj*, wo AccapaieB HuneTcn He 6paT0Mi>, a 
njieMflHHBKOMi> Hjia oxi cecTpbi Kjeonarpbi. Bi cpeAHeetKOBbixi 
reHeaiorHHecKHxx pocDHCflxi>, pasHOoGpaaiH KOTopbixi> n m 6epycb 
SA^cb HC«iepnaTb, ApeeHifl OTuomeHiH BOdcraHOBJiflioTCfl: y Villani 
(I c. 10 — 12), Malespini (cc. IV h V), y Franceschino degli Albizzi 
H Forese dei Donati ^) — AccapaKt h Hjii> bjih I!jrioei> ceoBa CpaxbH, 
Tros Ba3BaHT> Troio (Villani) hjh TpottAom (Malespini); /I,apAaHi 
nocejflCTCH bo <^pHriH (Villani; y Malespini: Africa), nasBaHHofi 
TaKT> no HMeHH Friga, noxoMKa fl^era (Villani). Cj. rcHeajioriK) 
Bi> npo3aRqecKOH nepeA^jKi poMana Beeya: 

Frigus, — a, CTponrejib ropo^a Frige 
(cji. npHmeAi>, npBH(ia) 
Dardanus 

I 

Erictouius 

I 
Tros 

I 
Ylus 

I 
Laomedon 



') Hortis, Stu^ sallo opere latine del Boccaccio, crp. 541. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



32 

Mbi MO»ceMi> Tenepb o6iHCHHTb poAOCJiOBHyio nyTaeHiiy HameH no- 
BtCTH. Frigus, — a = npHmeAT» npHBJieHeHi bt. poAi> /I,apAaHa no 
CHeHiHOCTH; EpHXTOHiH onymeH'b, KaKi> h y /I,HKTBca Tros HBinerca 
B-b oAHOMTi Micrfe He ero cbiHOMT>, a cwhom^ /I,apAaHa^); Hjrb h 
AccapaK-b fibUH fipaxbaMH, cwHOBbaMH Tros'a -^ TpoHja, ho bt> 
DOAJiaHHHKt HameH poaocjobhoh fibUH nocxaBJCHbi TaKx,' qro cna- 
Hajia mejTb Hjrb ex cbiHOM-b JaomeAOHTOwb, a saxiMTi AccapaKx; 
ara nocjrifeAOBaxejibHOCTb bx pyKonacH Morjia fibixb npHHaxa 3a re- 
HeajiorHHecKyio, h AccapaKx noHarb naKx cwhi — JlaoMeAOHxa. 
HaKOHeu'b /I,apAaH73 Cb TpoHJOMi nonajH ne bx cBoe Mtcxo, mo- 
aterb 6biTb, yace bt* ApeBHtfimeMii TeKcrfe nepesoAa. Bx ero opH- 
FHHaji nocjiAOBaxejibHocTb fibua Tanaii : 

IIpHmeA'b * 

I 

/^apAaHy^n, 

I 
TpoHJiyni'b 

I 

OHjyoi'b H mapBKoyma 

I 

JlaoMeAOHi 

I 

npiaMyinx 

rpeH4»'b (1. c. cxp. 269) nojiaraexx, hxo poAOCJiOBHaa Hamefi 
npHxqH, sanHcana aBxopoMX no naMHXH. AaxopoMx Hero? CjaBan- 
CKaro xeKcxa hjih ero acKOMaro HCxoHHHKa? Ppefioi nep^AKo bm*- 
HHexT> nepBOMy, hxo mm MoaceM'b npanncaxb jBnib BxopoMy ^). Pa- 
eoxajx-jiH nocjitAHiH bx AaHHOMX cjiy^at no BOcnoMBHaHiaM'b hjih 
cji^Ayn KaK0My-HH6yAb noAJHHHHKy — axoxi. aonpocb a ocxaBJiflio 

E'b CXOpOHt. TtMH H APyrHMT, MOHCHO OAHHaKOBO OfilflCHnXb XOHO- 



^) y Armannino e'b ero Fiorita^'fa TpoiLii>, OTem> AccapaRa, ee cuhi*, a ssTb 
AapAaea. 

*) Cj. do 3T0My noBo;^ saici^HaHie HrHia bt» ero cxaxLi^: Ein Beitrag zur 
serbischen Annalistik mit literatargeschichtlicher Einleitung, bi> Archiv f. slav. 
Philologie II, cxp. 26. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HGTOPIH POMAHA H DOB-bCTH. 33 

rpaoiio MicxHOCTH, fa* nocraBjeH-b ropoAT> IIpHatifl: c^oahoS cto- 
poHbi aaejiHKoe Mopp>, ciApyrofi ptKaKcaHoi (Micl. KamaHToyma, 
H.Goo. KamaHAyma; Pril. IIIaHKrym, Prim. lUaHaKToymb; Ilbin. 
H xpoHorpa<M> 1-fi peAaKiuH: CKOMaeApa), ci> TpeTbet Mope, aKoe 
CA soB^i^ine IlejiemHEO Mope» (Micl. H.Go^,^ xpoHorpa«i> 1-fi pe- 
AaKiuH; Prim.: ptKa HMeHeMB Mope IlejiemHHo), ci> qeTBepTofi 
aj.wT>, eae ca aoBime ^oyAOwa j^rb» (Micl. H.Co*. Ilbin. 
xpOHorp. 1-fi peAaKi^H; xpoHorpa^'b wacHO-pyccKifi y A. IlonoBa, 
1. c, II, 286: AoAona; Prim. Jioyr JIoAoma; Pril.: jyr rpA Beje), 

Ch DflTOH «»HHAOJI'b, Ha KOeUb paCTtxy UB'^TR MHoropa3JHqHHH» 

(Micl. H.Co*.;Pril. aoj HehHHH, b* kom* pacxtme mhofo DjeMeraTa 
OBiit; Prim.: AOJb HHhaHHb, Ha KOMb pacreme mhofo HBtT*H pa3- 
jniHHHXb; xpoHorpa*i> 1-h pcAaKaiH: lOAOJib; IlMn. 307: yAOJib). — 
KaKi> KceHei), xaicb h aoiHAOjrb h xkch (ffjyrb) ^AOMa h Ileje- 
mHHo Mope npeACTaBjiiiK)TCH Tonorpa4»HHecKHMH oOosHaqeniflMH, 

KOTOpblH npHXOAHTCH paSraAblBaTb. HiHHAOJI'b, AOJ HHhHHH* MO- 

merb 6biTb: Tim^-b aoji*, Idaea vallis; b^ eBponeficKHxi napajiJie- 
jiflxi) Ki> nepBoi nacTH Hamefi nostcTH ((cH)H0CTb IlapHcai)) MtcxoMx 
A^fiCTBiH HBJiHeTCH HAa. HHxepecHO pasHOHxeHie Pril. Prim.: aojii 
unhuuHZj HCBOJibHo HanoMHHaioiaee Inde = HAy y Benoit de Ste 
More, CBoeofipasHO nonaroe y Guido delle Colonne: in minore 
India. — Jlicb /l,oyAOMa — AtvSufjiov 6po^? ^) — IlejiemHHO Mope, 
oneBHAHO, CTOHTbB'bCBiisHC'b^ejiemefi, Ilejemei, Bcrptqaion^eicfl 
Aajte Bi>TeKcr6. nefi fobophtch, qrooHaBHja nnpopoqHAa, «roh 
ofijiaAame HopcKbiMH BjrbHaMR h BtTposrbv (Micl. ; H.Co<&. : Oejema); 
Ilbm. 310: antKarzi aena HMeneM'b Bejema, BOJixByioiiiH, enme 
npopoqHiQr HapHAaxy, nme o6jiaAame BOjmBenieM'b mopckhmh boji- 
HaMHD; Pril. Hnqero ho FOBopnrb o6i ea OTHomedHxii ri> Mopio, 
OFpanimiBaHCb ynoMHHaHieMi>: allejeme FOcnoe», (cllaiem* F0cna». 
y Hea BHTHSH AFaneMHOHa yCHJiH aKomoyx^x), oHa BOSAbmaerb 
npoTHBi> rpeKOBi) 6ypK) h eg AOJ»cHbi yMOJiocTHBHTb opHHeceHieMi 
wb atepxBy <cL|,BtTaHbi» = iI<i»HFeHiH (Micl.; Pril. EI,BeHya«Ha). 

^) Danger bi* Jahrbtlcher f. class. Philologie, hrsg. Ton Fleckeisen, XIX Jahrg. 
(1873), CTp. 566, CKMonewh BHA^Tb bi> fioydoMa — Idaeum (nemos). 

Ctfopnn n Otx. H. A. H. 3 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



34 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

fl^ijLO HAeTB, CTOJO CbiTb, o6i ApreMBAt-^aHi; npH oGmfiu-h 
BSVMAi Homet noetcTH na 6oroBi>, Kairb ea i]popoKOBi> e bojix- 
BOBi>, Ha 6orHHb^ KaKi Ha bbji*, 6ypfl, noAHEMaeMaa iUaHoi, 6biJia 
o6o6mfiBSLf H 6orHHt BMiHena ocoCan BJiacTb HaAi> BOJiHauH h Bt- 
TpoM^. 3to o6i>flCHHjio-6bi HaM-b oT^acTH H HadBanie HopH — Ile- 
jiemHHbiMi, ecjifl 6bi canoe hmh neiema, Ilajema (4^ejema ci> ^ 
BMtcTO n, KaKT* ^apHHb y Ilbin. 307 Butcxo nap3a(i> Micl.) = 
J^imsL 6hiJL0 hcho ^). He 6biJio jh ciiimeHifl ci> najienii> = Pallas, 
HBJiHioiAeHCfl Bi> dnH30At cyAt IlapHca? Ona npHXOAHrb na 
CBaAb6y IleJieH = Hejieuib, cb Heio lOaaa (MicL; H.Co*.: miaAa; 
Pril.: lOHOfflb) h BcHyma (Micl. H.Co*. = Venus): copH bhjw 
npopo«iHiv^, KO^ 6tx/p; HaHjrfenm^^A Bh MopcfctMXb om(mn»oci^ (Micl., 
H.Co<i».). TloA^b MopcKHMH OTOKaMH wb opHrHHaji ciaBflHCKOH no- 
B-fecTH MOTJiH pasyntTbCfl ocxpoBa HepeHAi>, KyAa na cBaAb6y 
Ilejen HBHjracb h Tpa 6orHHH; HepoHAbi OTO^KAecTBHjHCb bI) cJiasHH- 
CKOAii) HapoAHOM^ HOB^pbt — ci MopcKHMB BHJiaMH; nopeBOA^Ky 
npHHaAJieHCHrb, CbiTb Moacerb, TOJibKO nepeHeceme dToro npcACTa- 
bjichIh Ha 6orHHb, npHmeAniHX'b ea IlejeeBy CBaAb6y, Koropbiiix 
OBi> BM'lBHJi'b H nposBBme «(npopoqHm>i>, OTHocHBmeecfl nepBOBa- 
qajibHO Kb HepeHAaMi). Bi noATBepacAenie arofi rflnoTesbi npHneAy 
cjiiAyioni^ifi pascKasi) Hsi) Il^BtTHHKa (Fiorita) Armannino giudice 
di Bologna, XIV B^Ka (no pKn. Laur. 50 Plut. 89 inf.): Tejia- 
MOHi) H IlejieH, cbiHOBbH KpBTCKaro Kopojifl EaKa, BbicejifliOTCH: 
nepBbifi BT> Experia magna (f. 33 a), Apyroft bt* A6pyiwbi (f. 33 b). 
Ilejefi (f. 35 a) «udi dire alia gente latina che nelle parti d'Asya 
maggiore era uno re che Nereo havea nome. Questo havea cin- 
quanta figliuole savie indovine e in ogni arte scientiate per le 
quali indovinare si puote per alcuna maniera e maggiormente per 
la igromantia. Queste habitavano in Tsole di mare . . . , ove loro 



1) Danger, 1. c. crp. 566 n 567 o6-i>flCHAerb neAetuuHO Mope avh Ov. Metam. 
XI, 195 : Gitra pontum .... Bdles, a npeACTasjieHie JIcmwu uaAU^Baeft BOjrai> 
H Bi^TpoB'B — vh cBfl3H Cb Ov. Metam. XII, 86 cjriA*i r^^ no noBOAy OTiuuTiH 
jpeKOBi. roBopBTCfl : ergo abi, qua decait, lenita est caede Diaaa — Ei pariter 
Phoebes, pariter maris ira recessU, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 35 

arte meglio soperava». IlejieH OTnpaBJweTCH ea ysole nereite .... 
Qneste donne chiamano gli auctori^) nimphe edee del mare, pero 
che loro arte per idromantia operavano in quello castelloD. Biubi 
npopoHimbi Ha MopcKHX-b ocrpoBaxi o6o6iaeHbi, BtpoflTHo, hs^b 
Bi^HTb (indovine), BoiXByfon^Hxi HepeHAi>, ofiHTaBiUHX'b in ysole 
di mare. ynpeKan napHca, daoHa roBopirrk eMy , hto ecjra6i> aeajia 
ero BtpojiOMCTBt, yM0J[HJia-6bi aMopcfcyio euAyy) BOSABHrHyrb aa 
Hero 6ypK), hto oxBtqaerb y Ov. Her. V, v. 57: virides Nereidas. 

3a pa3o6paHHbiMi naMH reHeajorHHecKHMi) BBeAeeieM'b (Micl.§ 1 ) 
HaTOHaeTCH caMaa noBtcTb. Hpa36epyoco6oeH nepBbie di]B30Abi= 
lOHOCTb IlapHca (Micl. § 2), h6o 3Atcb hmchho moscho ycjitAHTb a 
B-b flanieMT> TeKcxt h b'b HtKOTopbixii ApyrHxi> oxpaateHie o6maro 
opHFHBaja. 

1. y flKynbi (Micl. H.Co«i».; Pril., Prim. 'Bnoyna; Ilbm. 
flKana), aceHbi IIpiaMa (Micl. IIptraMymb, IIptrziMb; H.Co«t. Ilpia- 
Hymb; Pril., Prim. flpHiMoymb), 6bijn> B'fcmiS coh^: 6yAT0 OHa 
poAHja roJOBHio, KOTopaa, BOSHecacb na He6o, naia bi> Mope, 
OTKyAa BbuerfejiH HCKpbi, c(h naAoma ea TpoH, b noropt Tpow 
rpaAT** (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril. Prim.: ao ^yHAOMeHxa). Oea fobo- 

pHTb T0M1> MyHCy, KOTOpblfi npHSblBaeTb C(npopOKbI H BJbXBbl 

(Micl. H.Co*.; Pril. MemxpoM*, Prim, wemrpe), m^mip^oa (Micl. 
H.Co4».; Pril. BjacxejiH, Prim. npopoKH) h hhhhaa jk)ah» (Micl.; 
H.C04». 6ojrapra h HlracHraa jwah) h coB^Tyerca ci ainfH. allpo- 
pomiD (Micl., H.Co*.; Pril. Prim. MemrpH) TOJiKywrb, hto y aero 
poAHTca Cbiai, orb KOToparo norafiaerb Tpoa (Pril. Prim, npa- 
CaBjaioTb: ao ^yAOMeaxa). UpiaATb roaoparb «eHt, tto KorAa 
poAvrcH y aea Cbmi>, nycxb aejiaxB yfiaxb ero, ao MajbqaKi> po- 
ABJica cxojb npenpacabiM-b, hxo Maxb ae ai cajiaxi) axo CA^xaxb: 
noBBBi) ero Wh mejKOBbia xKaaa, nojio»eaja Vi'h aeny hbofo Bojoxa 
a cepefipa a aejtjia oABOMy loaomt (Micl. H.Co«i».; Pril. Prim, 
waaicy) oxaecxa a noaaayxb ero AaJieKo oxt> Tpoa. Pefieaaa aaxo- 
AHTi nacxyx'b, y aoxoparo xojibKO qxo poAajica MajibHHK'b; owh ox* 



1) Ha nojiflrb noM^TRa: Virgilio, Statio Achilleidos. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



36 A. a. BECEJIOBCRIH, 

HOCHTB HaftAeHbima ki> meet h HasbiBaerb ero allapHaeb IlacTbipe- 

BOTHmb)) (Micl. H.C0*.); Micl. =H.C0<I»., BtpOflraO, npOHSBOAHTB 

co6cTBeHHoe bma orb HapHaaTejn>Haro (nacTbipeBH^Hiiib); Tani h 
Pril., TOJbKO dA'i^cb dTHMOJorin Apyran: <m3nfk My HMe IlapBs*, 
3a-H* pacrtme KaKO h napa^* (= <>apflsi>. Cj. bi> TeKcit Mtejo- 
nniqa = Ilbin., Haofioporb: Paris = 4>apH»cb) HCKpyHHB* iubk), a kb 
CHH* &kme BJianj^B, Ta pacrtme Kaao Bcaao AtTe»; cj. Prim.: 
c<B3Ae Moy BMe IlapB^b, ep pacTame acKpoyacBBb maio icaKo <»a- 
paacb. A Ko ca 6iine Bjrama caab, pacTame tKo a Apoyro A^Teo. — 
KorAa Ilapacy 6huo ceMb Jitrb, oai> ci> TOBapameMT> aarpaax^ 
OKOJO AofibiTKao (MicL, H.Goo.); ^IlapaHb CBaHCAaame Aaa BOibi, 
a 6oAtx^ CA, a Koa nptnaraame, Tony aaame Btaeu-b turb ABi- 
Tia, a Koa ae nptMaraame, TOMoy Baame u^rb cjiaMbi a nojiaraame 
aiTb aa pory» (Micl. H.Co«i».; Prim. bm. BtBein> = Kpoynai^oy, 
Pril. Kopyay; Tlbin.: orb Maciania). Pril. npaCaajifleTb: H Ilapasi* 
AtJiame Kyq*My, a Apyra Ta caa* Atjame fiax ; Prim.: Ilapaarb 
Atjuune KoyH*Maay, aApoyra caai nacTapeBiBAejameGaiuBBoy. — 
Micl., H.Go<i». npoAOJiHaerb: ccH erAa 6tme lOHoma Ilapaau*, 
xoHAaame ci> AoOpbima Baxesbi a arpaame, a npiMaraame bxi> 
BbcaKOB arpi, a Ty npoOoAe OAaaoro BaxesA aa marb uptAi apa- 
jeMi AnpaAeseHX»; Prim.: eAaora aaresa aMeaeMb III,aTa npeAb 
AnaemeMb apajieHb; bi> Pril. TO-»ce: npe6opa eAaora BBTesa, 
BMeaeM* lU^BTa; bma i^tpa — IIpiaMi; y nMoaaa BMeaa wkrb^ 
anpoGoAe 3a iiqitomI) CAaaaro BaTfl3H». 

BiAaj»>HtimeMipa3CKa3t a cxiKJio nopaAKy Micl. = H.Co<i».; 
Bi* Pril. = Prim. nocjrfeAOBaxejn^aocTb Apyraa. 

Bi) axo BpcMH ^ejemb Rpajb (Micl.; H.Co<fr.=6ejemb; Prim, 
neieoymb; Pril. nejrefflaB*=Peleus) aceaarca aa Texamt (= Thetis) 
a 30Bexi> aa caaAbfiy BBTH3efi a loaaaoBX, Ilapaca (xaKi> a y Ilbm.; 
Bi* Prim. atxTb) a Ao6pbixi> rocnoaci a xpex^ bbji* opoponam; 
TOJUiRO OABy rocno«y ae noBaajii, BMeaeM'b <x/I,BeBombKopAHa» 
(Mich H.Co*.; Pril. atxT>; Prim. ^ameaop^AH = Discordia), 
a6o oaa, apAt BAtme, ace caaA^ cxpoame». Oaa Mcxaxi 3a axo: 
acKOBajia«> 30Jioxoe aCjioko a aeitjia ero safipocaxb bi aoBomaaKi» 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POM AH A H DOB^CTH. 37 

(MicL, H.Co*.; Pril. Prim.: TpaBHHKT>) Kopojia Ilejema, a ea 
flfijoKi 6biJ0 HanHcaflo, hto oho HasHa^eno KpacHBiimett h3i> Tpexi 
6oniHi». Ilocjt oCijia (MicL, H.Co4».: h BbdeMtx*?; oyCpoycbi iutk 
CTOja) BHTflSB HppaioTb Ha ^apHmaxiiy rocnosH HAyTi> bi cbai; 
flfijoKO HaftAeeo, Tpn acecTpeHHJD^biD Ha^HHaiorb o hhxi cnopHTb — 
H nepeHOCHTi cyAi> bi> Tpoio nepeA'B «Te6oxa 6ora» h aHoHrepa 
npopoKa* (Micl. H.Co4».; Pril. toju^ko: K)n*Tepa 6ora, Prim. K)nH- 
Tepa 6ora). Ohi> OTKasbiBaeTCH orb cyAa h OTCbuaerb 6orHHb ea- 
3aAi> Ki> IlapHcy. Pril. = Prim. o6i>flCHHeTb npH^nray OTRasa: 
«3a-q' MH eK)Hom' sena, allajem* HestcTa, aBtnym* cecrpao^). — 
Ilapacb Bejnirb Bin> pasA^TbCH; OHi npcAcrajiH nepeA'b hhmi bi> 
OAHtxi apHsaxix) (Micl.y H.Go<i».; Pril. Komyjiax*), h KasAafl 
npejuioiaerb ero: <cK)Haa» (Mid.; H.Go<&. MJiaAa; Pril. K)Hom') 
o6tiiiaHieHi> 6oraTCTBa, najiemi — no6tAki, Benoyma (Micl., 
H.Co*.; Pril. BtHym*) — juo6bb: ona Aacnb eny «Ao6p;RA rocno- 
SA^ EieH^D, Hceny i^apa «MeHejiaoyma» (Micl. H.Co<i».>, KpacH- 
Btdmyio BO Bcixii rpeKaxi>, Aaerb hoboo hma: AjieKcaHApi h ot- 
KpbiBaerb, ^efi ohi> cbiH'b. IlapHci npHcyasAaerb en aCjoko, ofisece- 
jHJicfl cepAiteRfb, BAerb npocTBTbCH ci> CBOHAfb npieMHbiMi> onieMi) 
H sarfeMi Bi> TpoK), rAt Ha ptKi Kcanet BCTpt^aerb dnony: 
OHHeoyfflb, OHHemb Micl., Beneymb Micl. h H.Co4»., HoHem* Pril. 
Oht> roBopHTb efi: «rocnoaAe Beneoymb, jiioCh ma, Aa ta jk)6a. 
H tuTbBtnia OMoy Oraemb: kju Aje|aHApe ^apH»CK), HHat ma 
j[K)6Bmb, H^ npiBACTb Bpi^MA, H ocTaBHmH MA. H peqe en Aie- 
laHApi*: u; rocnoacAe OBneyme, He xoiu^ a3i> Te6e ocTanaTH; 
erbi JH TA ocTaBA, Torbi CHa3H ptKa KamaHToyma BbcuATb aa npr 
Tenerb. H nocTasH c neA npbsoe jH)6Be, h Bb3A wTh ho^ Bt- 
He^^» (Micl. H.C!o*.; Pril.: Kopyny). 

Bi) CBflSH ci> nepecKasaHHbm-b aoHSOAOM'b namefi noBtcTH o 
<(K)H0CTH IlapBcao Mbi pasCepcMi) ero 3anaAHbifl napaiJiejH ^). 

1) FjiarojiHHecKill orpuBOKi*, HaneHaTaHHufl Bt PrimSri h, oneBHAHo, npu- 
Hax4eHcaiiMft ki> o^HOft peAftKiUH ci> tckctoitb Prilozi, ea dToin> oKaHnaBaercH. 
nocitAHiH ciOBa: cIIpBAHTe npe^* HapiiHca oacrapeBHii^a, ohi> Ban* coyAH>»* 

^ Ebjbmafl HacTb nai* hbxi> jme ChizA npoHflTa bi> pascnerb Fpefi^oifB; 
BTaibflHCRifl napauejiB aaBMCTBOBaeiii h3i> pa6oTu Foppu: Egidio Gorra, Testi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



38 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

OcHOBOfi HMi> nocJiya^Hio KjaccHnecBoe npeAame,^ Ha CKOJbRO 
OHO 6bijio HSBtcTHO Bi> cpeAHio B^Ka. Btn^eiTB CHt FeKyGbi (fax) 
roBopiTB OBBAii Her. XVI, 237 cjitA. ^); o ero HHSMeHHott AOJt 
vb iouocTH (servus, pastor) Her. V, 12, 79, bch nocBfln^eHHafl 
ropecTHBiMi BOcnoMHHaHieirb HHM<frbi dnoHbi o en jiio6bh ki> nac- 
Tjxy IlapHcy: ^acro oai noKOHjnicb noA:b ctHbio Aepena, cpeAK 
cra^a; ona noKasbiBaja eiiy wmy, rxk boahtch ah^^ pascraBiflia 

CtTH, BOAHJa Ha npHBHSH ero OXOTOHqbHXl> DCOBl), a napHCB Bbl- 

ptsaji Bi> Kopi^ AepeBbeBi HBifl cBoeft mbjoS, ubmch bi> Btqfloi 

BtpHOCTH: 

29 Gam Paris Oenone poterit spirare relicta, 
Ad fontem Xanthi versa recorret aqua. 

Ilocjt cyAa HaAi> 6orHHHMH h oCtn^amii Benepbi Bce H3MiHi- 
jocb^ H IlapHCb DOKHHyjTb 3H0Hy AJiH Apyrofi KpacaBBUbi. Pa3Bt 
OHa ero ne AOCTofina? 

85 Dignaqae sum et cupio fieri matrona potentis: 
Sunt mihi, qaas possint sceptra deoere, manus. 

HpaBAy roBopHJia ei KaccanApa: 

115 Quid facis, Oenone? Quid harenae semina mandas? 
Non profectoris littora bubus eras. 

KorAa-TO jroCexb e6 «conspicuus Troiae munitor (139), jih- 
mHJTb efl AtBCTBeHHocTH H HappaAHJii HyAecHbiiTB AapoMi Bpane- 
BaHifl; 

149 Me miseram, qaod amor non est medicabilis herbis! 



inediti di Storia trojana precedati da uno studio sulla leggenda trojana in Italia. 
Torino, Triverio 1887. 

1) HnaHe y Gepeia in Yirg. Aen. II, 82: rexeHi*, cuhi* Ilpiaiia, s'l^nuieTB 
quadam die nasci puerum, per quern Troia posset everti; xoi^a no<^r6 Toro po^iuH 
Bi* OAHO npeiffl FeRytfa ■ Hcena Thymoetae, IIpiairB BeurB y6iiTb nocj'i^Hioio 
BMtcrfe CT> efl cuHOMi>. y AnojuoAOpa HI, 12, 8 cit^. cohi> FoKy^u TOJRyen> 
cuBi> IIpiaMa Atcaxoc; MauHHirb, no noBejr^Hiio otx^i 8a6pomeHi» na lUt ciy- 
jKBTeieiTB Arejuem; bi> TeneHiH nflru Aneft ero Kopmrb Me^B^^i^a, nocii^ nero 
Arejiafl iuuloauti* ero, BOCoHTiiiBaeTii AOMa, BUAaB^ aa cuna, ■ Aaen hma Ila- 
pnca. Uiu AiORcaHApa oh% nojyniu'b oXyjvtqlc a|xuvo(i.evoc xa^ toTc iroifAviou 
aXc^iQ^ac, ^ep cart 3ov)^^va;* xtt\ |xct* ou tcoXu too; yo'^ioL^ avsupe. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTQPin POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 39 

Ha BOSBpan^eHie IlapHca BiTpoio b HanpBSHaHieero GpaTbBMH 
HaMeKaerb CepBifi in Verg. Aen. V, 370: sane hie Paris secun- 
dum Troica Neronis fortissimus fiiit, adeo ut in Troiae agonali 
certamine superaret omnes, ipsum etiam Hectorem. qui cum iratus 
in eum stringeret gladium, dixit se esse germanum: quod adlatis 
crepupdiis probavit qui habitu rustici adhuc latebat. rHrHeT> 
(fab. 91: Alexander Paris) yKasbiBaerB Micro dTOiiy dmisoAy bi* 
HCTopiH aioBOCTHx) IlapHca: Bio^i cowb FeKyGbi (fax), hctojiko- 
eaHEbdl BOJXBaMH (conjectoribus); pefieoKa BejHn> yCnn; quern 
satellites misericordia exposuerunt, [eum] pastores pro suo filio 
repertum expositum educarunt eumque Parim nominaverunt. Is 
cum ad puberem aetatem pervenisset habuit taurum in deliciis. 
Quo cum satellites missi a Priamo ut taurum aliquis adduceret 
venissent, qui in athlo funebri, quod ei fiebat, poneretur, coepe- 
runt Paridis taurum abducere. Qui persecutus est eos et inqui- 
siyit quo eum ducerent, illi indicant se eum adPriamumadducere 
qui vicisset ludis funebribus Alexandri. Ille amore incensus tauri 
sui descendit in eertamen et omnia vicit, fratres quoque suos su- 
peravit. Indignans Deiphobns gladium ad eum strinxit, at ille 
in aram lovis Hercei insiluit. Quod cum Cassandra vaticinaretur 
eum fratrem esse, Priamus eum agnovit regiaque recepit. — 
y OBHAifl Her. XV cjitA* cairB HapHCb HaMenaerb na 3toti> 
anv30Ai>: 

857 Paene puer caesis abdncta armenta recepi 
Hostibns, et causatn naminis inde tul% 

nocjt Hero roBopHxcfl o ero fiopbet ci> 6paTbHMH, flfin^o6owb 
H HjioHeeiii>: 

359 Paene puer iuvenes vario certamine vici, 
In quibas Ilioneos Delphobnsque fait, 

KaKi H Bi OAHoB rjiocct K-b Her. XV, 360 (Dunger y Greif a, 
crp. 105) pa3CKa3biBaeTCfl o no6iAOHOCHOMi> Cot HapHca Cb FeK- 
TopoMi. JI,M Hacb BaasHO noKasaHie OBHAin, hto IlapHcx nojj- 
HHJii CBoe HMH no cjyHaio nofitibi eaAi* BparaMH (caesis hostibus), 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



40 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

yBOAHBmHMR ero SbiKOBi (abducta armenta). BtpoflTHO, BMtercH 
Bii BHAy HCTOJKOBaTb ero HMfl — AjeKcaHApi>; Kb imem IlapHca 
TOJKOBaeie bi yKadaoHoft cbbsh noAucKaTb xpyAHO, ecjiH ee npeA- 
nojioacHTb, HTO yse bi> ApeBHOCTH sHaKOui 6bijii cioacerb jereoAbi 
cyAt BSiXb 6biKaHH| cb KOTopbiirb cpeAHeB^KOBbie ero nepecKasbi 

06bIKH0BeHH0 COeAHHfllOTB KJRqKy IlapHCa. ^RKTHCb (HI, 26) 

ero eaie ae seaerb; ero Kpancan nepeAana jiereHAbi roBopirb o 
cat FeKySbi, BocnHTaeiH IlapHca y nacryxoBi ea H A'i^, ci> saMtT- 
Kofi: eum iam adultum, cum res palam esseti ne hostem quidem 
quamvis saevissimum ut interficeret pati potuisse: tantae scilicet 
fuisse eum pulchritudinis atque formae. Ohii HeuHTCfl ua dHQut; 
acejaeieirb yBHAtTb ^ymin CTpaabi MOTHBBpyeTCfl ero orbisKb — 
H DOXHn^eme EjieHbi. 

Okojo 1152roAa Simon Gapra Aurea (Ch^vre d'or) uanHcajTB 

Bl AByXl* KHRPaX'b CBOiO IliaS, HSBJeqCHifl H31> KOTOpofi nOMtn^CHbl 

6b]jH Bi Histoire litt. de la France, t. XII, crp. 487 cj^a. Orpbi- 
BOKi> ApyroH jiaTHHCKofi HjiiaAbi, HaneHaTaHHbifi Leyser'oifb ^) h 
npeAoojosKHTeabHO npHnHcanHbift hmt> TMbAeCepTy TypcKOMy, 
BOcnpoBSBOAHTb nepBbic 153 CTHxa HiiaABi Cbmohb, 3a KOTopbiini 
CJtAyerb, HO ApyrHMi> MerpoMi^, pascKasi o naAeaiH TpoH r 
cyAbCaxi 3Hefl, TO»cAecTBeHHbiH ci> HaneiaTaBBbiirb Du M6rireMi> 
Bi ero Ponies latinos ant^rieures au XU siecle, crp. 400 cjt&a- 
Bropafl KHHra GnMOHa Tanse roBopHTb o cyAb6axi« 3Hefl ao CMepTH 
Typea, CJrfeAya BBprHjiw; oepBaa BOCopoHSBOABTb oxqacTH oiepxa- 
HiH HameH noBtcTH: cohi> FeKyCbi; npiaMi} BCJBT'b cjysBrejiBBrb 
OTHOCTR HOBopoHAeHHaro Ha HAy H TaMi yCHTb ero; yCifii^a ocxa- 
HOBJieHi> Bi> CBOCATb HaMtpoHiH yjibi6K0& MajiioTKH H HOKHAaeTb ero 
(27 sub foliis vivum linquit). 3A*Cb HaxoAHTb ero nacxyxi. 

30 Extrahit, adspectat, nutrit, adoptat, habet 

Qui pastoris eves pastor dum pascit adaltus, 
Conveniunt ad eum Jono, Minerva, Venus, 



*) Leyser, Historia poetarum et poematum medii aevi (Halle, 1721) p. 899 
cjit;^.; Troilus, ed. Merzdorf, Lpz. 1876 (bt» npHiOHseHui); ca. Parodi, 1. c, 
crp. 350 CJitA. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> RCTOPIH POAIAHA H DOBI&CTH. 41 

Jadiciam Paridis quae sit palcherrima qnaerunt, 

Promittont etiam mnnera quaeque sua: 
Judo decus, Pallas vires, Gytherea puellam: 

Sed Veneri tribuit vinc&re, victas ea. 

Il,apb noAOsptBaerii, hto lOHoma ero cbiHi: ohi» TaKi na Hero 

nOXOHTb. 

Remqne probans veram per servos vera fatentes, 
OermaDis Paridem reddit honore parem. 

Ductus amore pater, vel matris somnia ducit 
Yana, vel in melius vertere vera stndet. 

Ha cxoACTBO aToro pascKada, BoeceHHaro nacTflMa, bi nepe- 
A'&iKH poMaea Benoit de Ste More ^), cl duJusoAOU'b bi Cr6nica 
Troyana HcnaHoa Pedro Nunez Delgado oSpaiHjrb BHHiiaHie jme 
Mycca^ifl '). H Haqny cb HcnaHCKHxi> Bepcifi noBri^cTH, npeAnoHHTan 
rpjmiiHpoBKy no napoAHOCTHM'b xponojiorHHecKott, Koxopyio xpyAeo 
npoBecTH. Hto oco6jhbo c6jHHcaeMi> Delgado cb peaensieft Ch- 
Mona, 3T0 — noApoSnocTb o cftrfext MajibqHKa-IIapHca. HcnyranHbiH 
3j[0Bin;HHi> CHOATb seHbi ij^apb BejifiTi> KOHiomeMy B3flTb h y6HTb 
pe6eHKa, amas las parteras que tal hecho conocieron, quando vie- 
rontanapuesta criatura, hablaron con el escudero que non lo ma- 
tasse, mas que lo diesse a criar secretamente, Maz dize el Vir- 
gilio que Uevaudolo & matar e stando allf donde le avia de ma- 
tar, echando mano al cuchillo para lo degoUar, que el niiio se 
rid con una cara tan alegra que no oviera hombre que no tomara 
d61 manzillo. Y quando el escudero aquello vi6, fue muy espan- 
tado, ca la natura no otorga a ninguna criatura reyr antes de 
los quarenta dias, y dixo assi: Pues la natura tanto obro en ti, 



^) Jean Malkaraome (XIII b.) Bnecb bi* cboA nepecKasi. poMana cob'b reRy6u 
u airasoA'B o^i* dnoHi^ (o neirL cji. MJ^e) ; Les livres des histoires du commen- 
cement da monde (Ms. 31 Blbl. nat. de Paris) roBoparb o pox^AeniH h npBSHaHlH 
IXapHca. Cj. Joly, 1. c, I, cxp. 13—14; Greif, 1. c, p. 94 npHM.*; Gorra, 1. c, 
CTp. 330. 

^ Cj. Mussafia, Ueber die spanischen Versionen der Historia Trojana, wb 
Sitznngsberichte d. Wiener Ak. d. W., philol. hist. CI. 1871, p. 39 cj^a. Cj. Morel- 
Fatio, Romania IV, p. 83 oji^jt,. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



42 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

& mi demandaran los Dioses & este pecado. Y dex6 el nino en 
una mata alii en el monte, y llam&vase aquella montana de Fri- 
gia, y era del rey Tantalo» (1. HI, c. 1). CjiAyiontaa rjiaaa roBo- 
pHTb 6paK'6 napHca Cb 3hohoh, senora del monte Pelio, 
TpeTbfl — cyAt IlapHca naAi* 6orHHflMH*). 

PoMancb Lorenzo de Sepulveda^) o6pa6oTaxi> TOTT>-«e cw- 
TRevby HO ci> xapaKTepeoK) noApofiHocTbio, cb KOTopofi irbi ne ptAKO 
6yAeHi> Bcrp'^HaTbCfl: cohi> FeKySbi, IIpiaMi) sejiTb y6HTb Majib- 
WKa, HO MaTb TaftHO OTAaerb ero nacTyxaHi>, h ohi> oaceTx na 
l/lflfk IIpiaMOBa craAo: 

Qaando lidiaban dos toros 
Al vencedor de bnen grado 
Con corona de vitoria 
Era por el coronado: 
Dicen que es justo jtiez, 
Paris todos le han nombrado 

CjrfeAyeTb ero jiioCoBb K'bEnome, h ea ctTOBanifl, KorAa, npHsnaH- 

HblH UapCKHHli CblHOBTb, 0H1> eS nOKHHyjX. no COAep»CaHiH) Kl) 

dTOMy poMancy npHMbiKaerb ApyroH, aHOHHMHbiH, OTHeceHHbift /ly- 
paHOMx') KXHaiajy XVlBtna. Cwaterb — CyA'b IlapHca— o6pa6o- 
TaHi> Bi pbiaapcKOHi> CTHjt: HBjiHiOTCfl DoH Paris H don Hector; 
santBi napoAHaro xapaKrepa: 

Por una linda espesura 
De arboleda may florida 
Donde corren mochas fuentes 
De agua clara may lucida, 
Un rio caudal la cerca 
Que nasce dentro en Turquia 
En las tierras del Soldan 
Y las del gran can Surla: 
Mil y quioientos molinos 
Que d'^1 mnelen nocbe y dia, 



1) Mussafia, 1. c, p. 21, 25. 

^ Gjl Doran, Bonumcero general I J^ 468 (h3i> Romances nnevamente sacados 
■»i, 156B B 1580 r.). 
3) ]. c. Ki 469. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31> HCTOPIB POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 43 

Qaioientos muelen eanela 

Y qoinientos perlas finas 

Y qaioientos maelen trigo 
Para snstentar la vida. 
Todos eran del gran Rey, 

OTqa IlapHca, Koropbra sacHyji bt> i^txynieH qan^i h bhahtb bi 
rpgsaxii, WTO Kb Hesiy aBHJHCb TpH fiorara h npocflTi> ero ptmBTb, 
BTo H3i> EttJi'b HpeKpacHte. H6jOKa paa^opa vbrb; Sofhhh o6pa- 
maamca ki lOHomt ct> cjOBauH: 

Paes che sois tal caballero 
Digno en la sainduria, 
Estad con ojos abiertos, 
Derpertad la fantasia. 

napHci npocHTB 6ovwb pa3o6jaHHTbCfl HOTAaen> nepBeHCTBO Be- 
Hept. HeflCHO, hi CHOBHAtHiH HJH EiTb npoHCXOAHTB cjA'B Ha- 
pHca; nepBoe OToecjo 6bi Hacx Kb ^apeiy; ho bi> poMaai 6orHHH 
no6yacAaioTi> IlapHca: OTKpofi rjiasa, pasfiyAH 4>aHTa3iK). 

IlepefiAeHi ki> irraAHHORinrB nepecKasaiii jiereHAM o iohocth 
IlapHca. 

Bi Chronicon Altinate (XUI b.) no ApesAeHCKOuy cnHCKy ^) ona 
HaHHHaercH cHOin> FeKyfibi; yseaBi) o ero coAep^aHie Ilpiaifb 
BeiHTb, HTo6bi euy noKaaajH EMtBmaro poAHTbca pe(5eHKa, quia 
Yolebat, etiam si lapis esset, terere vento, quam proicere; ho MaTb 
TafiHO OTCbiJUierb ero na BOcnHTanie CBoeiiy nacryxy (vacario), a 
IIpiaMy noKaabmaerb Apyroro Maib^HKa (iuvenem polcherrimum 
manutergio inyolutum presentari fecit Priamo; quern ut vidisset, 
ventoque sufflavit). IlapHCb Bbipociaerb y nacxyxa, crepesKeTb 
ero craAo; grege vero illo custodiente, duodecim latrones insul- 
tum fecerunt, ac vitulos necare ceperunt. In quos irruit, eosque 
prostravit, et spolia eorum presentavit: inde ille gaudens securas, 
einsque gregem commisit. Parvo post transacto tempore [quum] 
quidam yicini sui gregis taurus suo cucurisset in prelium etacci- 
disset ut suus yicissetvicinum: illenempe rectediiudicans, florum 



^) Han. Bi> Archivio storico italiano, Appendice, t. V (1847), crp. 37—8. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



44 A. H. BECEJlOBCKlfi, 

coronam victoris imposuit cornibus; victus in properium taurus 
in longinqnis recessit et maioribus arboribus, qnas movere ne- 
qaibat, circa ipsas tarn diu pavit, quam usque eas cornibus 
movere potuit: deinde ad gregem rediit et de victore victoriam 
habuit. Moxque Paris de capite suo diadema abstnlit, et illins 
front! constituit. Cuius fama per umversa climata divulgata: 
omnes mirabantur tam recta consUia. — PaacKaai nepexoAHTB Kb 
CBaAbfit IIposepnHHbi ci>nepH6oeMi>: siaxoirB xpoHHKa pacxoAHTca 
cii ApyrBMR BepciflHH pascKasai roBopflu^uiH o CBaAb6t neiefl. 
He no3BaHHafl ea npaaAHCCTBO ^HCKopAifl Cpocaerb cpeAH rocreft 
30JOToe flSjioKO cb HaAUBCbK): Pulcriori debetur, BbisbiBaa riwb 
pacopK) xpexi 6orHHb; owk ofipaniaiOTCH sa cyAOMi> ki> IlapHcy, 
qui rede diiudicans coronam dedit vincenti tauro. Relictis ergo 
nupciis, properaverunt favere sententie iudicis. JlapHCb npocirrb 
Hxi> noBpeMeHHTb h HBHTbCfl Kb ueuy Ha cjr]^AyK)iiiift A^Hb. Ceteris 
illis recedentibus, non post multam oram Venus, prout suis nego- 
tiis erat studiosa, se nudam Paridi presentavit: quam ut vidit, 
in eius amore exarsit, et illam victricem promisit, si satisfaceret 
eius petitioni. Ilia terreno homini commisceri (pKU. commiseri) 
non esse licitum dixit, et Elenam pulcherrimam, Menelay uxorem, 
spopondit, si tamen litis victoriam obtineret. IlapHCb oxAaen 
npeHHyu^ecTBO KpacoTbi Beuept; cuius consilio cognitus est a 
Priamo et ex nemore portatus est in regale palatium. 

H'^KOTopbifl ocoCeHHOCTH 3Toro paacKasa pa3o6paHbi SyAyn. 
HaMH no noBOAy ApyrHxi> nepcift JiereHAbi, pa3HOo6pa3HnieHCH bi 
HeJOHaxi, pasBHTieATb jih6o yMOJiqaHieirb topo hjh Apyroro dmiBOAa. 
BoKaq^bo^) eanp. ne snaerb a6ofl GbiKOBiv; pascKaBi) (ccbiJiaioQu&cfl 
Ha I],HaepoHa in libro de divinatione) paaBHBaeTCfl TaKHarb oSpaaoMi): 
COHX reKy6bi ; peCeeKa IIpiaM'b Bejierb yfiHTb, cjrfcAya opanyjiy Anoi- 
jiOHa. riapRCb BocnHTbiBaercH cpoAH nacryxoBi na ropi \i^% rxk 
npHTEHBaerb ci> HHM^od 3HOHofi AByxi> xbrefi; bi Commento ohh 
HadBaHbi: Dafne h Ideo; «e dimorando in abito pastorale in quella 



1) Commento U p. 43— 46 (Firenze 1831); Genealogia degli Dei (Venetia 1664), 
libro VI, p. 106—106; De Claris molieribus c. XXXV. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 45 

selva, addivenue an grande e famoso giudice^ e ogni quistione tra 
qualanqae persona con maravigliosa equUd decideva. Per la qual 
cosa perduto quasi il vero nome, cioe Alessandro, era da tutti 
chiamato Paris, quasi equate. GaaAbCa IleieH, cnopi> Sofhhii, koto- 
pbixi HanpasjuerB ki> Jlapncy K)oHTepii: andate in Ida e quivi jt 
un giustisaimo uomo chiamato Paris, quegli giudicherd., qual di 
Yoi ne sia piti degna. CyAi> npoHCXOAcrrb bii qacTH lica na HAt, 
710 aoBexca Mesaulon. — Boi st Tpofe pascKaaam no CepBiio; 
MOJiOAOH nacTyxi no6i»cAaeTi> bt> cocradaHiH Bctxi* Tpoflm^eBi*, 
miwh Bbi3biBaen> rntBi FeKTopa, Spocaion^trocfl na nero ci> ho- 
TReui*. JlapHCL cnacaeTCfl BOCKjnniaHieMi>: H fiparBTBOft! CBoeiix 
npoHcxoHAeuiH ohi> y3Haji> orb nacTyxoBi, y6t«AaeTb ace bi 
TOifB poAHbixii, npeAi>HBjiHH HMi crepuudiae, kotopbia FeKyfia 
nojosua Ki) HeMyi en^e peSemcy, KorAa Aua ero safipocHTb. 

Armannino Tairb nepexoAHTb icb jiereHA'i^ oIIapHct nocjri npe- 
BOAeHBaro Bbnne (cxp. 34 — 35) annaoAa o HepeHAaxi>: 

Ilejiei cBaxaeTCH sa OAHy hsi* AonepeH Hepen, OerHAy; CBaAb6a 
npoHCxoAHTb B'b GeccajiH (f. 35 b.): quivi venne Paris figliuolo 
del re di Troya, el quale sconosciuto era in quel paese per mon- 
strare sua valoria con quella gente al giuoco di cesti, quale s'usava 

di fare in quel tempo per provare i giovani la loro forza 

Or Yoglio dire come perche Paris predecto era quivi sconosciuto 
dalla gente. Gx^xyeTb pa3CKa3i> o Btn;eMi> cat FeKySbi, coBtn^a- 
hIh IIpiaMa Cb BOJXBami (indovini); no npocb6i MaxepB, Be pi- 
maBmeHCfl npcAaTb CMepTH pefieHKa, aboo hsi en npH^jniseHHbix'b 
OTHOCHTB ero R ocraBjiHiorb nojk'h AepeBOMi), a canH Ha6jnoAaiorb, 
qro 6yAeTb Aajn>me. ^Boe nacryxoBi), npoxoAHBmHxii memo, bsbjih 
ero H OTHecjiH kii CBoefi MarepH, y KOTopofi ohi> h BOcnHTbiBaercH. 
Bbipocmn, owb CTajrb nacTyxoMi>, ho 3to a^^o y eero He mjo (non 
sapea bene essere all'arte), noqeMyoHi>yAajHJiCHOTTyAaHnpH5bui 
wb crpany d'una donna la quale Oenone per nome si chiamava. 
Ona BJuoffHjacb B'b KpacHBaro lOHomy, ROTopbifi no HpaBaMi r npn- 
BbiHRaMi* He Kasajcfl nacTyxoarb, a oSn^aacb cii coctAHHMH 6apo- 
HaMH Haywjicfl y hexi pasHbiMi) nrpaifb h crptjfljii h3i> jyna 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



46 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

jyHiue BctxT> Apyraxt ciptjKOB'b, Kanie TorAa Cmjih. OAHaatAbi, 
KorAa napHCL Gui-b ea oxoTt BMtcTi Cb Ilejieeirb h TOBapHn^LMH 
Bx jrfccy, HTO HasbiBaercH Lyda (= HAa), ohi sacHyjrb orb ycTa- 
JOCTH y OAHoro HcroHHHKa. H SAtcb eny 6bWb CTpaHHbifi coh^; 
6yAT0 euy npeAcxajH xpH 6orHHH: Tuna dea delle discordie, Pallas 
di senno e Venus di luxuria (f. 36 b) — K)floea safibixa, MepKypii 
6pocHJi> nocpeAH hhxi> 30JiOToe h6jioko ciy HaAQHCbK) : questo pome 
sia dato alia piii bella di tncte. IlapHcy Kasajocb, mto 6oniHH 
o6paTHJiHCb Kb HeMy sa pa3ptnieHieMi> cnopa, a ohi npHcyAHXb 
flfijoKO Benept, B036yAHBi aiUM'b rHtBi> ApyrHx^b 6orHHb npoTHBii 
Hero H TpoflHi^eBT>. 

dTHMi} orpaRB^HBaeTCfl nepsbifi paacKadi) Armannino o iohocth 
riapHca; hto ero cyAii HaAi> 6ornHflMH npoHCxoAnrii s-b CHOBHAtHiH, 
9T0 oCjimaerb Bjiaflie ^apexa (ed. Meister, § VII), Koxopoe ubi 
OTM'fexHM'b, H Bi TOH-HC Heprfe, H BT> ApyPHX'b nepecKasaxT) Haraero 
dnH30Aa. 

Armannino pascKaBajx ero eme bi> Apyron pasi) bi> na^ajit 
noBtcTH TpoflHCKOH BOHHt H Docjit oepeHHCJieHiH CMHOBeH IIpiaMa 
(f. 74a)^). OTJHiifl orb npeAbiAymen BepciH cjiiAyJomia: Maxb 
Ha3biBaerb poAHBmarocfl iia4b«iHKa AjieKcaHApoMx, ma poi per la 
notrice fu chiamato Paris. Ero ynocflrb AajieKO orb TpoH, ho 
xaKi, Hxo Maxb Morja cjiiAflXb 3a ero cyAbSofi (ma non che la 
madre no sapesse tucto quelle che di lui poi adivenne). MaJb- 
HHKa, noKHHyxaro y oahoh MejbHHE^bi (lungo una valle d'uno grande 
mulino), naxoAflxi ABoe nacxyxoBi* h oxhochxt> ero ktj cboch Ma- 
xepH. IlapHCb cxaHOBHxcA BnocjtACXBm xpa6pbiM'b h MyApbiMi>, 
oxjfHHHbiM'b cxptjKOirb H3i> jyKa, sommo maestro del giuoco di 
cesti. CjtAy6xi> ero jiofiOBb ki> dnoHt, BjacxHxejbHHot xoi 
o6jacxB. y IIpiaMa 6bui> o6biqaH ycxpaHBaxb bi> Tpot BoeuHbia 
Hppbi AJifl ynpaacHeHlH cbmoBofi; Kb hbmi ABUCfl OAHa^Abi napHCb 
Hno6isAaexii Bckxi* 6paxbeBi, aa HCKnoneHieifb FeKxopa. HCejan 
oxMCXHXb 3a 6paxbeBi, reKxopi> Boopynaexcfl h Bcxynaexi bi^ 6o& 



*) Ca. Gorra 1. c, cxp. 638 CJffeA. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1I31> BCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 47 

ci> HesHaKOMi^eMi, kotopbih eny HeycrynaerB h y3HaHi> Maxepbio 
Bi> Ty MiiHUTy, KOFAa reKTopi> fipocaercfl na Hero, acaiaa HaeecTH 
eHy CHepTejDbHbifi yAapB. 

IIoApoGHte HCTopiio o6i> 3H0Ht mm BCTptiaeMi> bi> oahoitb 

BeHeiaaHCKOMl> paSCRast O TpOHHCKHXl> AtHHinX'b ^), OCHOBaHHOIIl 

HaTeKcrfeGaidodelle Colonne, ho BHecmeifb Binero doapoGhocth 

H3T> ApyrHXT> HCT01HHK0BT>; He^Ay npOHHMT> CJltAyiOmiH. 

Ha f. 15 a paacKasbiBaercfl! Gomo Lida impartori Chastor e 
Polns a come Elena fu involada. 3to h Aajo asTopy noBOAi> BBecm 
aoHSOA'B lOHOCTH IlapHca. 

(f. 15 b cjfeA). Unde in questa parte si tocha la istoria ddo na- 
simento de Paris^ sicome ello fo pastor ali boschi. 

Dixe la legenda che siando la raina Ecuba gravida de Paris, 
zo^ la moier delo re Priamo, che fo da puo la prima destruzion 
de Troia, el dito re Priamo se insonia una note che Ecuba soa 
moier se impartoriva una fiama de fuogo, la qual brusava tuta 
Troia con tute le persone che iera dentro, e che lui medemo mo- 
rirave con soa moier solamente per quella fiama. E siando des- - 
mesiedado lo re Priamo ave gran paura e dise ala raina questo 
insunio. 

Como lo re Priamo disse ala raina Echuba che li desse qudlo 

cKela partorivd. 

Digandoli: Fa che tu me dagis lo parte del to ventre quando 
I'averas impartorido, ch'io lo voio olcider, si chMo non muora 
mai per esso, nh mi con la mia zente. La dona silillo improferse 
de dar[l]ilo, e quando vene al tempo delo impartorir, la dona si 
fexe uno fiol mascolo alo qual ella messe nome Alesandro. E siando 
nasudo questo garzon, de presente la raina si lo manda a norigar 
a zerte femene muier deli pastori e si fexe creder al so signer lo 
re Priamo che la criatura si era nasuda morta, e lo re si lo 
Crete. 



*) Gorra 1. 184 cjt^.: no Laur. cod. 153 Leop. Med. Pal., KOHim XV Biica. 
3a BinnicKy coo6maeHaro ^aate orpuBKa npHHomy moid 6jiar0AapH0CTb r. Foppt. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



48 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

Como Paris cresce ali boschi e inpara a trar Varcho. 
Or questo Alesandro si cresie e vene beletisimo zovene. 
E siando in questo boscho questo Paris, dito Alesandro, ello si 
ave a far con questa Enone dita de sovra, la qnal si era ni[n]fa, 
zoe dia dele fontane e delle aque; feva chaxe in lo boscho zoe 
de foie e de.chane e si stava la note a dormire sotto quelle; e 
questa Enone si fo quella che insegnjt a cavalchar a Paris e 
amaestrallo del'arte a trar Tarcho. E uno zomo vene una gran 
rooltitudine de zente, li qual tolsse una gran quantitate de bestie 
de questi pastori e menavalle via a mal grado de loro, e Paris 
oldando questa novela si li tene driedo per lui sollo e silli messe 
in fuga e reschose quella inpre^ per la soa posanza e ardimento. 
E voio che vui sapie che tuto lo delete de Paris si era pur sollar- 
mente di veder combater. Pluxor fiade Paris toleva do moltoni 
e do tori, Tuno dixeva ch'era so, I'altro del suo compagno, e fe- 
vali una zoia frescha per homo a queste bestie e puo le faxeva 
combater queste do bestie insembre, e quela che avenzeva, ello 
. li meteva la zoia fresca in chavo e fevali gran festa. Si che 
questa iera tutto lo so dileto de Paris; e per zo folio chiamado 
Paris proter (?per tal?) sentenzia che iera ingual le sentenzie 
ch'ello daxeva. 

Gome Enone insegna a Paris chi era so pare e so mare. 

E stagando Paris con questa Enone iu questa selva, un di 
ella disse a Paris: Se tu me vuol imprometer de non me abando- 
nar mai in fin a la morte, io ti diro chi 6 to pare, che non lo ve- 
desti mai. E Paris oldando questo si li lo impromise e si fe' sa- 
gramento de non Pabandonar, e per piii fermeza scrisse in una 
schorza de plopa che iera suxo un flume chiamado Santo e disse: 
Siame testemonio questo albero ti Enone (sic), I'aqua de questo 
fiume che chore in zoxo corerd. in suxo. E Enone fo molto aliegra 
credando ale parole de Paris; e in quella fiada disse Enone: Sapi^ 
Paris, co'lo re Priamo de Troia si k to pare e la raina Echuba 
si ^ to mare; sapi ch'elo se fa una gran festa in Troia per amor 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 49 

to e inperzo ch'eli h sapudo che tu e vivo, crezando elli che tu 
fossi morto, la qual festa dara molti di; e per zo vatene a questa 
festa e date a chognoscer. 

(Jomo Paris andd a Troia e desse a chognoser chi lui era. 

Oldando Paris queste parolle, de presente ello se parti da 
Enone e andji in Troia, e andando a quela festa, ello comenza a 
far de gran prodeze abatando tuti quanti che li avegniva in- 
chontra; e lo re vegando questo zovene chusi prodomo e somiava 
ad Etor so primo fiol, silli mese amor adoso e si li dise: Fiol 
mio, volesse li domenedei che tu fosi mio fiol ch'io te avcrave 
ben ccharo! E Paris respoxe de presente: lo son bem vostro fio 
e la raina Echuba si e mia mare, e si li dise la condizion e'l 
muodo delo so nasimento. Oldando lo re Priamo queste parole, 
si fo molto alegro e si fe' gran festa per Paris so fio e simelmente 
fe'la raina Echuba. 

Como Enone ma/nda forte rampognando Paris che non tornava. 
Or siando con lo pare e con la soa zente, ello non curava 
pid de Enone e silla abandona in tuto e non li volsse atender zo 
che ello li aveva improferto. E vignando Paris in Grezia e prese 
Elena e mandalla in Troia, e tolsela per moier segondo che se 
lezerji de qua indriedo in la Troia granda. Enone si lo manda 
forte rampognando e dixeva: Paris traditore, tu me as abon- 
donada per EUena, e si as fato sperzuro del to sagramento; mo 
per che me lasestu mi per Ellena? Tu credis aver fato una gran 
cossa per aver tolta Elena, mo non sastu ch'elo non e, ma sa 
tempo avanti ch'ela fosse moier di Menelaus, si ando la festa in 
Grezia che le done se andava a bagnar al fiume in chamixa, e 
siando le done sovra lo ladi del fiume, e 11 signori daraltro ladi, 
e siando Ellena spoiada, si se gita in lo fiume per lavarse; e 
Texeo, lo qual si era so amador, si se 11 zita driedo a Taqna e si 
la prexe e menala a [Ajtenes, e si la tene molti zomi, e per 11 
priegi de Chaster et de Epolns suo fradeli si la rende. Mo pensa, 
Paris, chomo una zovene beletissima che avesse dormido chon 

Ctfopann II Or^ H. 1, H. ^ r^ 1 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



50 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

un SO amador in leto, che fose frescho e gaiardo e avesse el so 
sangae chaldo, chomo ella se poria levar donzella dal so ladi? 
E Don sastu ch'ela iera ben moier de Menelans e si k abudo una 
fia de quelle? Mo percbe li astu messo tanto amor adosso e ml 
astu abandonada, sapiando che tu me avesti ver^ene? 

CocTaBT> aToro pascKasa Bbi3biBaeTi> ntcKOJbKo BonpocoBi>. 
rio MHiHiK) Foppbi KOMnHviiiTopi) CTBxoTBopHaro aHOHHMHaro Troja- 
no ^) HMtjTb nepeAT* cofiow xeKCTX, 6jH3KiH kt> BeneiuaHCKOMy, mo- 
mevb 6biTif, 4>paHK0-HTajbflHCKiH, TaiUKe BocxoAHBrnit Kb Fbhao, 

HO 06CTaBHBmiHCfl MHOPHMH APyrHMH dHHSOAaMH, 3aHMCTB0BaHHbIHH 
H31> KJaCCHKOBl> H MtCTHb!XT> (ctBepHO-HTajlbflHCKHXl>) JIH6o aHTHH- 

Hbixi) jrereHA'b. A^n ueuH hcho, tto bi pa3CKa3t o iohocth IlapHca 
aBTopi TpoflHO (jih6o ero hoajihhhhkx) nojb30Bajica abjmh pei^eH- 
3i8MH CKasamH, KOTopbiH H CBOXb MexaHHHecKH. HaiaJio HanoHH- 
Haerb nepByw peE^eH3iK) Fiorita'bi ApMaHBHHo: roBopHTCfl o AByx'b 
CpaxbAXT*, Tellemone h Pelleio (B'b canto I CTpo*a 7: Felleo; cj. 
B^ cJiaB. TOKCTfe: riejiemb h ^ejierab), hst* KOTopbixi nepBbift aCi- 
cilia conquisto detta Tessagliaw (c. I st. 6), Apyrofi c^apcTByerb bt* 
PoMaeiH. Hto ho FeKy6t, a IlpiaMy chhtch Bto^iH cohi — 
OTHocHTTi Hacb yato Kb BeHeuiaHCKOH pei;eH3iH; I'eKyCa nopyiaerb 
pe6eHKa KopMHjraut (nutrice), Koropafl h BOCOHTbiBaeTb ero bi> 
AepeBBt, FA* Apy^HTCfl Cb Enone, dea de le fontane (c. V., 
St. 35), KaKii H B'b BeneiiiaHCKOMi xeKcrfe. IIo CMepxH KopMHJiHE^bi, 
nepeAaBmefi 3H0Hi Tafiey poH^AeHin AjieKcanApa, ohi> BocDHTbi* 
Baexcfl y nactyxa, h SHona oeyqaex-b ero, MOHCAy npoHHM'b, c. V, 
st 37: 

A tirar I'arco e anco a cavalcare 

entro la selva, e di belle canzone. 

II giovinetto incomincid a imparare, 



^) H nojbsoBajicH hitb, 6iaroAapfl Foppt, bi> cji'!^AyH)ii;eM'i> HaAauiH: Troiano, 
il qual tratta la distruttione di Troia per amor di Elena Greca, la qual fa tolta 
da Parig Troiano al R^ Menelao, e come per tal distruttione fu edificata Roma, 
Padoa e Verona e molt'altre cittilk in Italia per £nea Troiano, con altre historie 
da diversi auttori descritti. In Verona e in Bologna per Gioseffo Longhi 1671. 
Con licenza de'Snperiori. HsAaniH Troiano HaHHHaiOTCH ci» 1491 r., ecjin He parte. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Hdl) HCTOPIH POMAUA U aOB^CTH. 51 

tutti gli giovani I'amava per raglone 
ch'egli era bello e mostrava di fare, 
de' suoi compagni divenne campione, 
era beato quel che 11 pud obedire, 
come maggior in tutto lui seguire. 



38 Legger e scrivere le insegnd la Dea. 
Cosi il giovine vien in bellezze 
e a le braccia ciaschedun vincea, 
e ancor Tarco e ogni prodezze, 
ogni bont& quel giovine havea, 
si che ciascun Tamaya per sue altezze, 
ogni question tra c6mpagni accordava, 
onde per questo Pari lo cbiamava. 



39 Alessandro Pari era chiamato 
E da quel Pari venne Paris. 

nOCj6AHK)K) nOApOfiHOCTb Mbl JTRB BCXp^THJIR Bl> HaMeK'6 y Bo- 

KaqHM) (Paris = equale). SaoHa oxAaexca IlapHcy h, noAT> ycjo- 
BieMi) ero BipHOCTH, OTRpbiBaexi) cMy, kxo owl: nycxb noHAexTb bT) 
TpoK), FAt xenepb npasAHyioxi noGtAy FeKxopa HaAt Hercul gi- 
gante — h o6i>HBHxcfl. — TaKOBO nojiomeHie h bt> BeeeiJ^iaHCKoft . 
noBi^cxe; ho phaomi> cx dXHMT> pascKaaoM^, rjifk HHeHHO 3H0Ha ox- 
Kpbmajia IlapHcy xaHHy ero poHAeeifl h HanpasjMjia ero bi> Tpoio, 
xoAHJTb Apyrofi: JlapHCb B'b jrfccy, aacuyAd ycxajibiH cb oxoxbi, 
KOFAa hbjihioxch xpH SorHHH, cnopanflix'b o HfijioKt, 6yAflXT> lOHoray 
H npocflxi> ero hxi pascyAHXb, nocjit nero obi h oxapaBjaexcfl bi> 
TpoK). B'b nepBoft peAaKiJ^iH ApMaHHHHo axoxi moxhbx noAAaiCH 
BjiHHiK) Apyroro, HaBtflHHaro ^apexoMi>, BCjtACXBie Hero cyA^ 
opeACxaBjflexcH ceoBHAiHieBrb IlapHca; ho bx oahoa^b paacKast, 
HdAaHHOMi> FoppoH (no pnn. Laur. Gaddiano LXXI h Magliab. 
Cod. n, IV, 49) noAT* 3arjiaBieM>: Istorietta trojana — ohi co- 
Bepmaexcfl aa aay: Htxi> hh CHOBHAtmH FeuyGbi, he pascKasa o 
Ilapect — HaiAeHbimt, hh 3H0Hbi; bi xo Bpeua, KorAa IIpiaM'b no- 

uigmzed by VjOOQIC 



52 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

cjiaxB AHTeHopa bi> Fpeaiio, HToSbi BbiTpefiosaTb y TejaMoea 
cecxpy Fesioey, FlapHCB habtb Bt noje h SA^cb npHcyxcTByerL 
npH Sot CBoero CbiKa ex ^ymnM-b, aaxoacHM'b, KOToparo, Kaicb no- 
6tAHTeiH, earpaHCAaerb, B03Jio»cHjrb eiuy ea pora BtHOKi> Hs^b i^Bi- 
TOBX. 3a dTOTb npHTOBop^b owb H npo3BaHi> 6biJ[ii npaBOcyAHbiMi>. 
Ha ApyroH A^Hb, oTnpaBHBmHCb Ha oxoTy, ohx, OTAtjHBmHCb orb 
TOBapHmefi, sacuyM y oahofo HcxoHHHKa, TorAa KaKi y Apyroro, no 
coctACTBy, comjincbTpHGorHHH: amadonna Giuno, madonna Pallas 
H madonna Venusw. Oni SectAywT'b, ho xoTnacb aacoopHiH, KorAa 
cpeAH HExi* ynaio h6joko (palla) ci> HaAnncbio: pulchriori detur. 
Oh* HAyTb HCKaxb Koro HHfiyAb, KT0-6bi paacyAHJH* HX'b, h Haxo- 
AHTbllapHca, KOToparo H BbiCHpawTb cyAbefi, naKx nejoBtKa, npo- 
HBHBmaro CBoe npaBOcyAie s-b H3BtcTH0MX ptmemH — no noBOAy 
C0CTfl3aHiH 6biK0B'b. KaKx Be3A'i^, Sophbh TmaTCH opeJbCTHTb ria- 
pHca 06'femaHieM'b narpaA^; Benepa oCtmaerb eMy «chettutte le 
donne chetti vedranno, t'amaranno, e qualunque tue vorrai, sitti 
dar5». IIoAofiHbiMi pa3CKa30H'b (nanoMHHaioniHU'b ujLan'b HcnaH- 
CKaro poManca y Duran'a I J\F!469) BOcnojrb30BajicH h KOMOHJiflTop'b 
Trojano: cjitAyfl OAHOMy HCTOiHHKy oH'b roBopHTb oC'b SnoHi, ofix 
efl OTKpoBeHiH IlapHcy: OHa BOJiHTb eMy nofiTH bi> Tpoio; 3Atcb 
Bcxynajut bi cboh npaBa ApyroH hcto^hekI): Jlapncx oxothtch 3a 
jaHbK), aacunaemz y py^ibfl ; no 6jh3octh pacno JoacBJiHCb rpn 6o- 
rHHH, c. V, St. 45: 

in animo di andare a un bel convito 
e de la corte di nn gran re fiorito. 

CpeAH HHxi SorHHfl Pa3Aopa (Dea de la Discordia), ocKopfiieHHafl 
t£mi», hto en He npHFJiacHJiH na npasAnecxBO, 6pocaexi> un porno 
d'ore. BorHHH3acnopBjiHMeHAy co6oK), oCpantaioxcfl K'b MepKypiio, 
a xoTT> HanpaBJwexT) hxi Kb IlapHcy, KOxopoMy roBopHxi c. V, 
St. 52, noHeMy na nero HMeHHO naxb Bbi6opi>: 

Per la gran fama, che sententii bene 
d'ogni question le qaal ti vien dinante, 
e al tuo detto ciascuno si tiene. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POWAHA H nOB*CTH. 53 

OOtTbi 6orHHb; IlapHCX xonerL BHAixb hxt* pa3A*TbiMH (c. V, 
St. 55) H, OTAaBT> npeAnoHTeEde BeHept, BoaspamiaeTCfl kt> SflOfffe. 
Ha Apyrofi Aenb, KorAa oht> CHapflataercfl bi Tpow, SnoHa npoBO- 
7SiB.erb ero ao ptKH h KJiflTBeHHO o6fl3biBaeTi> BOSBpaTHTbCH Ki> Hefi; 
c. V, St. 58: 

E in un arbor di sua man si scrisse (t. e. Ilapncb), 
in sa la riva del fiume cosl disse: 

59 arbor grande sia qai testimonio 
come 10 prometto a qaesta cara amica 
di ritornar a lei con viso buono, 
con qnella star insieme si replica 
in qnesta parte, o altrove ch'io sono, 
yiver insieme come ragion dica, 
ne mai da me abbandonata sarae 
se non qoando quel fiume in sa verae. 

Bt* Tpo* napHCT> OTjraqaexcfl B'b Boerabix'b Hrpaxi, TIpiaMi 
H Apyrie ofipamawT'b Ha Hero BHHMame, Maxb npnaHaerb no cxoa- 

CTBy CT> FcKTOpOMX H HMCHH AjfOKCaHApa. 

IIpeAJoaceHHbiii conocraBjeHifl Cpocaiorb HtKoropbii CBtrb Ha 
opHrHHajii> cJiaBHHCKOH poBicTH H Ha efl jiaKyHbi. Hcho npesAe Bcero, 
HTO efl anHSOA'b o6t> Shoh* ne hojohT) h hto Bbinajia ero pepBaa 
nojOBHHa: pa3CKa3i o paHHHxi> OTHomeHiflxi> dnoHbi ki IlapHcy. 
B'B HacToameMT) CBoeM'b bha* xeKcrb npeACxaBJiflerb TaKyw neco- 
o6pa3HOCTb: napHCb cyAHTb 6orHHb, npHcyjKAaerb hCjioko Benept, 
KOTopafl HacTaBjflerb ero, kto oht>, h ofitiimeTb narpaAHTb ero 
jiM)60BbK) KpacHBMmeH HeHiiiHHbi FpeiJ^iH; napHCi> HAerb bx Tpoio 
H no Aopor* npeAJaraerb cbow jtioSoBb — Shoh*, KiflHercfl eft B'b 
BtpnOCTH, <m Bb3A IXtTb HO^ BiHeui>», T. 6. A'i^BflqecKift. Bli opH- 
nmajt pacnojioaeeHie 6bijo, BipoflTHO, Tanoe-se, KaKi* bt> nepsoft 
peueH3iH Armanoino h OT^acTH Bi>Trojano: 1) H)Hoa]ecKafl jiK)6oBb 
IlapHca H SnoHbi (b3a .... B'fenen.'b); 2) cyA'b 6orHHb; 3) HapHct 
yxoAHTT> BT> TpoK), a dnonsL Ceperb cb Hero KJiflTBy He noKHAaxb 
efl. BbinaAeme nepnaro 3nH30Aa croHTb, BtpoflXHO, bi CBfl3H cb 
CTpaHHbmi> CMimeHieMi> co6cTBeHHbix'b HMeHi> B'b pa36HpaeM0M'b 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



54 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

OTAijt cjaBHHCRaro nepeBOjia: Benepa sii ciieHt cy^a HaasaHa 
BfhHym\ Benoytua; 3H0Ha: OnHeymb, Oraemb, HoHem h — Be- 
neoffttth. CMiineHie3THrbHiieHi> bi> HenocpeACTBeHHO xpjrb 3a Apy- 
ron cjrliiOBaBinHxi> dinraoAarb, npHHajuesKaBmoe, 6biTb Moserb, 
yme opuniHajy noBtcin, Hono noBiiflrb h na sanyraHHocrb caMoro 
ii3J0»eHiH: KOFAa s-b cjaBHHCKOH npHTqt Beeepa, a He 3H0Ha, ot- 
KpbiBaerb napHcy Tainy ero npoHcxoffueHin, Hbi Biipast cnpocHTb 
ce6t: pa3yMteTCH-JH SAtcb B^Hoymb = Beeepa uh Beneoyinb = 
Oeoone? 

HiKOTopbie peayjibTaTbi, nojyieHHbie HaMH Hs^b npeAbiAyn^iro 
o63opa, noMoryrb Hairb npH kphthk^ jereHAbi o IlapHct B-b Tr6ja- 
mannasaga^t ^) h Bbi30Byrb HOBbie Bonpocbi KacaTejbHO cjiaBAH- 

CKOi nOBiCTH. 

Cara HanHHaerb Taiuse co CHOBHAtaifl PeKy^bi, Koropoe ona 
cooGiuaeTb uymy h rojncyiorb HyApeobi. Ilpiairb BeJim sadpo- 
cHTb (At bera) HajibqiiKa. KoPAa ohi> poAUCfl, euy AajR hma Aje- 
KcaHApa; ohi> raKi) KpacHBi, tto Harb ee ptmaercH npHBecTH bi> 
HcnojHeHie npHKa3i> Myaca h OTAaerb ero ea BocnHTaHie: f^kk hann 
til fostrs & laun, ok var hann p& kalladr Paris; en er hann y6x 
npp, elskadi hann mj6k Freyjn; en sfdan^ er hann vissi nm aett 
sina.... Bi> pyKooHCH Aajrl^, oieBHAHO, Koe hto nponyoieHO Hjni, 
cKopte, o6HapyHCHBaeTCfl eeyMtjocTb KOMDRjHTopa, h6o cjiAyH)n;aH 
4^pa3a: ok hann gerfli brullaup sitt til Thetidem — oTHocHxca He 
Ki> IlapHcy, a ki nejeio: <KKorAa oht> Bbipoci, ohi> CHJibHO jiiofiErb 
*peK), a BnocjtACTBiH, KOPAa ysnaji o cBoeMT> poA*.... (Ilejei) 
ycrpoHJb CBOK) CBaAbfiy ci 0eTHAOH». — ^pen B'b cyA* CoPHHb 
OTBtqaerb Benepi^; hohto osRanaerb Bbipaacenie, «rro IlapHCX Afo- 
6uM Benepy? B'b cbhsh ci HenocpeACXBeHHO cjtiyiooxeH <&padoi: 
<ca BnocjrfeACTBiH, KOPAa ohi> ysHajrb o CBoeirb poAt» n oojiapajrb 
BOdMoaeHburb 06'bHCHHTb dTO 3apaAOHHoe noKasanie h3i> CJaBHHCRoi 
noBtcTH, PAt HMeHHo BeHepa OTKpbiBaerb IlapHcy, kto oht>; jio- 



^) HsAana Jon'oMii Sigordsson'oirb bi> Annaler for nordiBk Oldkyndyghed og 
historie aa 1848 vo^-h. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 BCTOPIH POAJAIIA H HOBIjCTH. 55 

6oBb Ki HeH o6xHCHHjacb-6ki Hdi cxoAHaro MoiUBa AjbTBucKofi xpo- 
HHKH (cj. Bbime crp. 44). 6ipoHTHtecjtAyK)iuaHrHnoTe3a: KOMnH- 
jiHTopi cam nojib30BajiCH etcKOJibKHMH nepecKaaaMH jiereHAM o Ila- 

pHCt. Bl> OAHOMX H31> HHXl paSnopflAOKX 6bIJl> TaKOH-He, RaKi> 
H El (B03CTaB0BJieHH0Ml> HaMH) OpHFBHaat CJiaBflHCKOH nOBtCTH: 

jK)6oBb IlapHca ki> deoHt h HenocpeACTseHHo 3aTtMi> cyAi> HaAi> 
6orHHBMB; KaKi> Bi> noAJHHHBKt HameH npHT<iH CMtmeHbi 6bUH 
3H0Ha = Beaeymb h Beeepa = Beaymb, xaKx h bx hcto«!hhk4 cara; 
B^ pesyjibTaTi^ HBHjHCb CMtmeHifl: cjiaBflHCKlH TeKcrb 3acTaBHj[i> 
He 3H0Hy, a Benepy, bi caeH-fe cy^a, roBopHXb IlapHcy o ero poAt- 
njeMCHH, cara nepeHecjia Ha <l>peK)-BeHepy wHomecKyio JioCoBb 
riapHca K-b 3H0Hi. OC-bflCHflexcfl aro CMtmenie xtM'b, hto komdh- 
jwTopb cara 0DycTHjn> cyA'b CorHHb, h6o namejii ero bo Bxopoiii 
cBoeM^ HCTOHHBKt, uaHBHaBmeMCfl Cb CBaAb6bi Ilejiefl b 3aTiMi> 
y«e nepexoABBmeMi> Kb pa3CKa3y o cyAi. 3toti> BTopofi HCTOHHBK'b 
Ha3biBaeTi>nejieH=Peleu8 h Feleus (cji. bt* Trojano: Felleo h bi> 
cjaB. noBiiCTB: Ilejienib h <l>ej[emb), ohi> i^apcTByerb bi Figia = 
4>*ia, AajitePisia (cji. bx pyKonHcax-b ^HKXHca: Pithia bm. Phthia), 
apHFJiamae'rb HacBaAbCy Bctxx 6oroBi> (pd baud bann pdngat dllum 
gndom). 3aTtMi> noBbifi nponycK^: roBopnjocb, ito ne no3BAHa 
6bija 6orBHH PasAopa, b hto, ocKop6jeHHafl TtMi>, bon t6k upp eitt 
guUepli (oHa Bsajia 30JOToe aSjioko) h 6pocBja ero nocpeAB Tpex-b 
6oraHb: millim peirra Freyju ok Sif ok Gefjon. 4>pea, no o6x- 
acaeaiK) asAaTCja (1. c. crp. 20, opaM. 1) — Beaepa, Sif — Waoaa, 
GeQon, bm^cto Koxopoa Aajite Ha3BaHa Frigg, 0TBtqaja-6bi Aeaui- 
IlaJuaAt. 06biKH0BeHB0 Geigon aBjaeTca nepeBOAOMi ApTeiiBAbi- 
^iaabi (1. c.) ^); ABOHCTBeanoe saaieaie GeQon = ApreMBAa a 
Aeaaa ae fipocarb-jia KaKoro-aafiyAb catra aa noAoSayio-Hie aboh- 
CTBeaaocTb bi> (oparaaait) cjiaBaacKoS noatcTB: naj[einb=najjiaAa 
wb cnopt 6oraHb a nejemb-^iaaa bi> anasoAt o c<KomyTt», koto- 
paro B-b cart atrb? 



^) Cj. Vigfosson, Dictionary, a. v., r^t ynaauBaeTCH GeQon h b-b pt^^KOMi* 
3HaHeBiH Beeepu. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



56 A. H. BECEJOBCHIH, 

EoPHflH cnopm-b iiea^y co6oio o npeHMymecTBt KpacoTbi, 
HAjTB cyAHTbCfl Kb K)iiHTepy (paer ginga fyri J6piter), Koropbii 
OTCbuaeTB Hxi> Kb naciyxy IlapHcy, bi> jtci Hnbi (i sk6giim Idam). 
Cara BcraBuerb sxtcb pascKaai o cy^t IlapHca BSLXb GbmaMH; 
noMtn^Hie ero bi> droirb irfecrt o6i»flCHHeTCfl, stpoflTHO, TtirB 
yate HSBtcTHbUfb eairb o6cTOflTeJbCTBOin», hto drorb cyAi> h co- 
3AaxB IlapHcy penyraaiio npaBeAHaro cvAbH. Pa3CKa3i> cjtAyiomiH: 
ok^Ddkkuram degi, er bann gaetti f^iins, kom til bans gridongr 
einn mikill, er bann bafdi eigi fyrr set, ok bardist yid einn af 
bans grfdangam, ok vard s& sigradr er Alexandr &tti, p& setti 
p6rr^) k6r6Da af dyrlegnm bl6mam yfir bSfad bans; ok annan 
dag kom grfdangr, ok for sem binn fyrra dag; ok binn pridja 
dag kom binn sami gridangr ok miltti s& minna fyrst, er Ale- 
xandr dtti, ok p& batt bann brod einn mikinn i enni bonum, ok 
m&tti s& pd ekki vid, er til var kominn, ok nndi p4 Alexandr vel 
vid, ok pvi setti bann kdronn d bdfad bonnm, ok tignadi bann 
pd svd fyri sigr sinn^). 

Moamo6buo6bi osHAaTb Bi>AajibBiimeH oocjtjiOBaTejibBOCTH: 
cyjia IlapBca usiXb 6orflHiiMH h ero yAajede bi> Tpoio — lura ea 
CBaAb6y IlejeB (cj. ^aibme pei^eHsiio KoHpaj^a). Ho a^tcb Koiinufl- 
Topi> cam o6paTBJCJ] ki> rperbeiiy HCTO«miKy, Bepcis ^apera, ki> 
KOTopoH nepexoAHTb TaKHiii> o6pa30irb: pessi atbordr var sagdr 
Prfamo, ok b^r eftir gekk bann vid fraendsemi Alexandra; ok er 
bann var i aett kominn, tdk bann virdfng sem adrir broedr bans; 
banu var allra manna kurteisastr'). OAHa^c^bi, aacayBi bx jrfecy 

*) H)nHTepi>? TaKT. nepeBOABTca bt> cart (1. c. crp. 10) 3to hha. 

*) cOAHaauu, Korxa ohi> oacB croti>, iipiiiiieji> k'i> aeitj orpoiiHui 6iiiin>, 
KOToparo OBI* AOToxi^ ho BHxarb, h crarb 6HTi»cfl ci> o^HHirb hsi> ero 6ukobi>; 
H oo^iAHJ'B AjeRcaHApoBi>, HOBi> (lOoHTep-b?) Boaio}KHxi> aaeroroiOBj b-j^or-b 
B3i> npespacBuxi* i^b^tobi*. Ha jipjroft x.eBi> npHmerb 6e>ir^ h ooBTopBiocb 
TO-»e; Ba Tperifi bbbjcb TOTi>-«e ^tiK-b, h caa^iaia crai-b ocjia6tBaTi» AieKcan- 
X,poBT>; Tor^a ob-b npHBHsaxb r-b ero i6j poaRes-b, m apameAniifi ae MorB ycroari*. 
BospaAoaaicfl AjeRcaBx,pi» ■ bosjo^rbjtb aa tojobj 6uRa B-kaeu'B, TaRHjrb o<^pa- 
3oirB «iecTByB ero sa ero no6/t^». 

*) «06t> dToiTB apoaamecTBiH pascRasajn IIpiaMy, a oocrfe Toro obt> npas- 
B&TB AjeRcaH;^pa. Bctjiibbi* bb po^'B, AjeRcaB^pi* Cux-h wh TaROirB-iRe nonert, 
RaR-B ■ ero 6paTBfl, m tfui-B puiuipcTBeBBtimift hsii MyHtet». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH, 57 

Haw (sAtcb flanHHaexca Bepcin /I,apeTa), OHt bhahtb bo ch*, hto 
CaxypHx (y ^apexa MepKypift) uphboahtb kt> HeMy Sif ok Freyju 
ok Frigg (BM'fecTO GeQon), cb npocbCoH ptmHTb, kto hsx hhxt> 
KpacEBtfimafl. <l>peH o6iiuaerb lOHomi KpacHBtHmyK) HcenmEHy 
B^ rpeiUB, Sif cyjiHTB fioraxcTBO h cjraBy, Frigg nyApocxb h no- 
6tAy Bi 6HTBaxi> (hon var orrostu gu9); nu kemr Freyja at ho- 
nam ok maelti: minnstu ni^ bverja p6 befir m6r heitid? (noM- 

HHIDb- JH, qXO Tbl MHt O&kmjdLJily?) O^eBHAHaH nODBITKa KOMDHJIH- 

Topa CBflsaTb Cb peAaKx^ien CBoero xpexbHro HcxoHHHKa 3H0Hy = 
Freyja nepBaro. Oaa ofiHaHcaexca (hon beradi Ukam sinn), h owl 
o6^HBJflexl> e6 KpacHBiSnieH). 

Coo6miBJi BCJitAi> 3a pei^eHsiefi earn anHaoA'b o iohocxh Ilapnca 
B^ cpeAHe-aH^JlificKOM^ Seege (pKn. H) bjih Batayle (pKO. L) of 
Troye ^), n HMtK) bi BHAy ynasaxb na xanyw-He qepeanojiocHoy 

HCXOqHHKOBl>, KBKJIO Mbl 3aMtXHJH Bl> Cart. HOBaPO AJH KpHXHKH Je- 

reHAbi aurjificKaH Bepcin coo6maexi> Majo: Cohi> FeKySbi; clerkys 
(H), maistres (L) xoaKyioxi) efi cHOBHAtflie; bi H oHa xoxqacb ox- 
cbijiaexi> HajbHHKa Kb CBHHonacy; bi> L coxpaHBJHCb bi> h^koxo- 
pbixi> noApo6HOCxflxi> oxasyKH ApeBHflPo opnrBHaja: bi> HeMi> roBO- 
puocby BtpoHXHo, qxo Kpacoxa najbqHKa no6yABJia Haxb He upe- 
AdBaxb ero CMepxH, a oxAaxb nacxyxy; SA^Cb, KOPAa eaiy MHHyjio 
C6JII6 jtxT>, OHX HaHHHaexT> Hppaxb «OKOJo Ao6bixKa» (= cJiaB. no- 
Btcxb). Bi* L H3T> axopo Bbiffljio cjtAywmee: MajbWK'b poAWca 
KpacHBbiMi, eMy AaK)xi> uaMOKi; xojibKO KOPAa euy MERyjo ceub 
xirbj Maxb BSAyiiaja o npeACKaaaHin h nocbuaexi cbma ea bochh- 
xaHie Kb nacxyxy. 

245 When peo child was born of pai lady, 
Fairer mygte no mon seo wij) eygte, 
Nonces feole to him weore soagt, 
|)e child was gemed fair and softe. 



^) HsAana no ^eyM-b peueHsiflH-b A. Zietsch'eirb bi> Herrig's Archiv, B. 
LXXII, p. 11 cjt;^. Cj. ero-H(e ;^uccepTai;iio o6'b HCTOHHHKax'B h HauK'fe OToro 
oaMflTHHKa (Gftttingen-Cassel, 1883). IIo nHCMeHHOMy coo6ii;eHiio rpefi<»a anuaoA'b 
lOHOCTH IlapHca naxoAHTCH eu;e bi» cpe^^He-aHnificKofi xpoBBxt Robert'a de 
Bnmne. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



58 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

And whan t>e child was seove ger old, 
He was fair and of speche bold, 
His modir |)Ougte on hire dremjnge 
f)at heo mette in hire slepyng 
And t)oagte he no scholde sle no men 
No t)eo cite of Troye make beo slajn, 
And dude make })e child cloI)us tygt, 
Curtel and tabard and hod al whyt, 
And made him to |)eo feld to gon 
To kepe swyn wi|) staf and ston. 

HL npoAOJiHaiorb: METb uaAteTCH, qro bi 3tomi> nojio»ceHiH ohi> 
He ysBAHTB HH opymiii, he fiHTBbi, a MCHCAy TtHi> MBjib^Hirb npo- 
flBjraeTX cboh HaiuoHHOCTH, jiiofiyHCb 6oeMT> 6biK0Bi> (H. Beres or 
bolles; L bole or bore) h BtHqan uoG^jsjUTem. 3a ero opaBeAHbia 
ptmeHlH ero e nposBajiH napHCOMi): 

H. 237 Of alle domes he was wyse, 

Therefore men cleped him Parys. 
L. 275 Of alle dedis })e child was wis, 

For{)y he was called child Parys. 

YcjibiniaB'b MyApocra CBoero Cbma (H. 240: That his son of 
the lawe was so wyse; L. 278: How his son was wys of lawe), 
npiaMi> nocbuaerb sa hhmi> caM^b — bi> OTJiH^ie on'b Bctxi sanaA- 
Hbix-b peAaKi^ii Hameft jereHAbi h bt> corjacia cb Majiajoi (Greif, 
crp. 184), TA* npiaMT>, no HcxeqeHiH AByxTi-roAHiHaro cpoKa, 
HasHaHeH^iaro opaKyjiOMTb Anojuona, B03Bpani.aerb ko ABopy cwaa, 
oTAaHHaro na BOcnHTanie KpecTbflHHHy. IlapHCb B03Bpani,aeTCH bx 
TpoK); IIpiaMi) AyMaerb OTMCTHXb sa cMepxb oxaa, yRptniHerb 
ropoAi*; JiHmb nosAB'fee, KorAa owb CHapH^aeTb noxoAi bi> Fpei^iio 
noA'B HaqajbCTBOM'b FeKTopa, AjeKcaHAP'b npocHTb nocjaxb ero — 
E pa3CKa3biBaexi> o CBoeMi cyA'i^ naAi* GornHBUH. Bi> H ohi> npo- 
HCxoAHxi Ha flBy, 6orHHH HasBaHbi: Juno, Pallas b Venesse; bi L 
saMtmajacb pei^eHsifl ^apexa: A'i^JO haoxi o cHOBHAtaiH: IlapHcy 
HBiHioxcfl 480 Foure ladies of eluene land, ho h31 6orHHb ocxa- 
jiacb jinnb Venus, pflAOMi> ch Koxopoft Bbiciynaioxi) Satumus, 
Jupiter H Mercurius. Cji. Caxypna Tr6jumannasaga'H. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 5ft 

Oahe noApofiHOCTb nocj^AHeH ocTaHOBHTb Ha speMfl Hame bhh- 

HaHie: bi> Hefi H)oHTepi> npHcyxcTByerB Ha CBaAi>6t IlejieH, Ila- 

pHCB emfi Bi> nojit, h 3acnopHBniirxi> Ha onpy 6orHHb H)nBTepi ot- 

cbiJuterB Ki> Heuy. Hnane bi cjiaBHHCRofi noBtcxH, r^t IlapHCb — 

rocTLjIIejieH, 6orHHB, xaKace opBcyrcxByiomiH Haniipy, BAyTB cy- 

ABTbCii Bi> TpoK) Ki> H)oHTepy, KOTopbiH o6paiii,aeTi> hxi BadaAi), 

KT> IlapHcy ^). 3to xo^AGHie BsaA'b h BnepeA'b npeAcraBJweTca a 

priori HeecrecTBeHHbiBfb, ho ajh ptmeHin Bonpoca, KaK0HH3i AByxx 

njiaH0Bi» ApeBH'fee, ntxi MaxepbHJiOBi>, hjih jiyqnie, noKasaHifl abohxca. 

nepsaii BepciH Armannino nasbiBaerb IlapBca bi> qBCJ'i^ D03BaH- 

Hbixi> Ha CBaAk6y, ho cyA'b ero oxhocbxi> ki> anflaoAy (CHOBHAtmio) 

oxoxbi. Bi) Ajn>XHHCKOH JiixonHCH, Ha o6opoxi>, 6orHHH oxnpaBJflioxcfl 

Cb fipannaro nnpa kt* IlapHcy, oqeBHAHO oxcyxcxBOBaBmeiiy. TaKT> 

ewfi y BoKKaq^bo h bi> oahoh jiaxHHCKOH noBtcxn o Tpot^) rAt 

(f. 53 cjtA.) Ha CBaAb6y Hejien nosBanbi 6b}jm 6orH: merito cena 

deornm appellata est, in qua cena fuerunt Jupiter et Neptunus, 

Apollo musarum deus et Mercurius nee non et tres dee, id est 

Juno, Minerva et Veneus] nosAnte: Venus, ho 4>opMa Veneus hh- 

xepecHa: ona o6T>acnneTb naMi BeHCoymb (Benepy h — 3H0Hy) 

cjaBHHCKaro xeKcxa. Discordia 6pocaexi> bi> hxt> cpeAy malum 

aureum crb HaAHHCbio: pulcriori dee donum; cnopflouH Gofhhh 

Jovem petierunt ut inter eas iudicaret quae earum pulcrior 

esset. Juppiterque positus in ambiguo, nolens aliquam earum 

ledere, eis respondit: Ego inter vos index esse non possum, sed 

dabo vobis iudicem qui inter vos iudicet. Quibus sic dixit: Ite ad 

pastorem, solus inter vos poterit iudicare, quia iudex iustus est. 

EcjH Kxo cnpocHXTi, npoAOJiHaexT> anxopi, quare iustus iudex 

appellatus est, respondendum — cjrtAyexi paacKaax o iohocxh Ila- 



^) TojbKO B-b Prim. He fobophtca o opHr^ameHiH IlapHca ea CBaAi»6y. 

^ Ona onucaHa Foppot, KOTopoMy a o^Hsaai* h coo6ti;eHieii'i> HHTepecoBae- 
maro mcha orpuBRa. TeKcn* sazoAHTCfl btb c6opHHR-i^ Riccard. J\& 881, XIV b., 
coxiepxcazi^eM'B Meacxy npoivirb a JljBkpeTSL, h HaAnucaH-b TaKUHi* o6pa30irB: Sancti 
spiritus adsit nobis gratia.. Incipit liber exitium Troye. pRn. cj. Parodi, 1. c, 
crp. 182—3. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



60 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

pnca: cohi> FeKyCbi: HcnyraHHaa hmx, ohe BejHTb da6pocHTb Majib- 
HHKa, KOTopbiH BbipocTaeTb y nacTyxa; AaJite: cyA'b naAi* 6biKaMH, 
cnopi 6orHHb, ptraeHHbie B'b nojibay BeHepw; et dum haec geruntur, 
subito in animo Paridis amor spectaclorum quae apud IVoyam 
gerebantur, quam numquam noverat, introivit et cepit pastori 
nutritori suo inminari ut ad Troyam ubi pater eius regnabat prae 
videndis spectaclis descenderet. Nutritor vero eius metuens ne 
eum -perderet, cepit eum ab intentione revocare, tandem cum 
eodem ad spectaclum circi ad Troyam descendit, r^t IlapHCb 
HBjHexcfl uo61ijifiTexeMi> m B036y»cAaeTi> rH'^B'b CpaxbeBi), noTopbie 
sarfeBaiorb yCaxb ero, Kor^a BOCOHxaTejib Ilapnca oCxflBjnexi, qefi 

OWb CbIHl>. 

Ecjra EoKKaqqbO h jiaxnecKafl Hcxopifl AaK>xi> noiiAepHKy car6 
opox0Bi> cjiaBflHCKOH uoBtcxH H ApMaHBHHO, ooMBHaBmBxii IlapBca 
B'b HHCJ* IlejeeBbixi rocxeft, xo no3Ma KonpaAa Biopi^eyprcKaro ^) 
3aHHMaexi> cpeAHee Hes^y hhmh oojoaceBie: IlapHCi He no3BaH'b 
HacBaAi>6y, Ho6orflHH nocbiJiaioxi> aa bbmI) bi> nojie, KOPAa B03flHKi» 
Me»cAy HBMH cnopx, nocji'6 ^e^o ohi> h HBJHexca ea 6paqHbiH nHpi>. 
JlereHAa o IlapHct pa3CKa3aHa xaKHifb o6pa30M'b: Ilpiairb, Hcny- 
raHHbifi CHOBBAeHieMi »ceHbi, BejiBxi> yHecxH h y6BXb pe6eHKa; ero 
HeBHHHbift CMtx'b (cj. xy-Hce qepxy y CnMOHa Capra Aurea h Del- 
gado) ocxaHaBJHBaexi y6iHm>, b ohh noKBAaiorb MajibqBKa B'b Jitcy, 
FA* ero flBxaexT> jiaHb ^) h HaxoAHXT> nacxyxx, KoxopbiH h BOcnHXbi- 
Baexi> ero y ce6fl BHtcxi^ Cb CBOHHtrb HOBopoacAenHbiHi pefieHKOUi. 
IIpiaMy nocjaHHbie npeAi>flBJiflioxi> B3biKi>^ BbiptsaHHbifi y co6aKH, 
Bi yAOCXOB-fepeeie, qxo ohh A*HCXBHxejibHO yfiHJiH na^bqERa. IIoa- 
pocma, HafiAeHbuni) roHflexT> cKorb B'b jri^cb b noie, Hrpaexi> 



1) ed. Adalbert von Keller bi> Bibl. d. litter. Vereins zu Stattgart, B. XLIV. 

^) To-H(e B'b Tr6jumaniiasaga''i& u bi» oco6ofi cpe;^He6ojirapcRofi Bepcin TpoflH- 
CRofi noB'i^cTH, Hs^^aHHofi GupKy (Archivf. slav. Phil. YII, crp. 80 cjt;^.), rX^sa- 
dpomeHBaro IlapHca naTaerb, KaRi> y AnoxiOAopa, uejifit^uufii, — f^jrowh 
CDHCRi^ 3T0ft noB'facTH, BattAeBBoiTb B'b pyRoaHCR noRofiHaro opo«. FpHropoBina, 
H ysnaio Hs-b OTHera o pe<»epaTi& npo<». KupoHqEHROBa na apxeoiorHqecKOirb 
cb^Kh B'b HpocjiaBjrb. Ejiena Bocnrb sAtcb nasBaHie FMjyAU (ErvjqrAa bt» 
T6RCTt CupRy), MarAona (y CupRy) = Mar^yHu. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 61 

Cl> MUblEKaMH, HBJflflCb Me^KAJ HEME CJJlhei Wb EXl BOEHCTBeH- 

Hbixi> Brpaxi: 

622 Jd was er ein griezwarte, 
Und ein guot rihter under in. 

Wan 8wer den sic dd fuorte bin, • 

Dem sazte er {If sin honbet 
Ein schapel wol gelonbet. 

CjrfeAyerB 6oe 6wkobt>: 

640 Sd vremde pfarren dicke striten 

mit den stnen von gescbibt, 

son liez er sin engelten nibt 

daz' si dd fremde w&ren, 

er wolte rehtes v^ren 

und tet in guot geribte kunt: 

swaz d& gesigte bt der stunt, 

ez waere ein ohse, ez waere ein wider, 

daz rebt enleit er d6 nibt nider, 

wan er im eine cr6ne 

sazt tf sin boubet scbdne .... 
662 Daz er gebeizen P&rts 

wart dor sin gellcbez rebt: 

ap&r» and cgeltcbn sind ebenslebt. 

und ist an in kein underbint, 

wan daz si mit den worten sint 

gesundert and gescbeiden. 

ein sin lit an in beiden 

und ein bezeiobennnge. 

dar umbe daz der jnnge 

gdiche ribten wolte, 

als er von rebte solte 

do wart er Paris do genant 

nnd al86 rebte wtte erkant, 

daz er tf alien velden 

und in den wilden welden 

wart der jungen birten voget: 

die k&men alio zMm gezoget, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



62 A. H. B£CEJIOBGKin, 

sd si krieges teten iht, 
dor daz vor siner angesiht 
ir strit wQrd aller hin geleit. 

3aTiMi> HAerL dumoxb o lOHomecKOH jio6bh IlapHca h c<6orHHHi> 
3flOHbi, Egeno6; ona c^acTJiHsa, ho 6oHTca, ito KaKaa-HHfiyAB Apy- 
rafl Kpacawma noxHTHTb y nen cepAi^e MHjaro, h IlapHcx ycno- 
KOHBaeTB eg: bi> Ropt A^pesa ohi> BbiptsbiBaerb cjobo, cb koto- 

PUMH Bl CJiaBflHCKOMl TCKCTt OWb CaMX OfipaiUaeTCH Kl> CBOefH 

MHJod: 

790 S6 P&rts and Egenod 
von ir minne scheident 
uDc( beide ein ander leident, 
s6 muoz diz wazzer wanneclich 
ze berge fliezen hinder sich 
and widersinnes riuschen. 

Bli CJiaBHHCKOfi nOBtCTH 3T0 TOBOpHTCH KcaHO'^ COFJaCHO Cl> 

Ovid. Her. V, 30: Ad fontem Xanthi versa recurret aqua. — 
IOnHTepi> C3biBaeTi> Ha CBaAb6y Ilejea 6oroBii h 6orHHb, IIpiaHa 
Cb cbiHOBbHMH, HO He npHrjiacHJ!i> OAHofi 6orHHH, V. 1254 Discordid 
geheizen = /IiHeBombKopAHa Micl., Discordia Apyrnxi jiercHA'b o 
TlapHcfe: 

HeBHAHMan, fijiaroAapfl BOjrmedHOMy KOJbiQr, oHa fipocaerb bi 
cpeAy rocxeS hCjioko pasAopa, lOnHxepi npHcyxcxByiomiH na 
CBaAb6t, He 6epeTCH ptnraxb BosHHKinaro cnopa (1598: V6dus diu 
was sin swester — und fr6 Pallas sin tohter; 1602 s6 was Jftnd 
sin selbes wip — und dar zuo diu swester sin) h oxcbuaexi 6o- 
FHHb Ki IlapHcy: 

1611 Doch seite er in ze maere 

ein htLbscher knabe waere 

it bt in einem walde 

der scheiden ktinde balde 

sw&z Terl&zen wtLrde an in ... . 
1622 Onch seite er in, der selbe kneht 

waere ein hirte unm&zen wts 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RSI) BCTOPin POM AHA H nOB^CTH. 63 

and hieze d& von P&rts, 
daz an im geltche 
der arme and ouch der rlche 
fttnden stare gerihte gr6z 

(ci. V. 1745 cJiiA., 1810 cJiiA.)- 

3a IlapHCOMi nocbuaiorb, h ohx HBJtflercfl ea ceaAbSy bi> rpy- 
6oft OAOHCA'i^ nacxyxa. lOHona o6tmaeTT> ewy SoraTcrso, IlaJuraAa 
MyApocTb, Beeepa bCjaAanie Ejienoft. — To, qro cjrfeAyen> Aajte y 
KoHpaAa^ npHHaA^eHHTb, no MHtmio rpeH4»a (CTp. 104), ero e30- 
6ptTeHiK>: KorAa IlapHCB npHcyAHit hCjioko Beeept, oea AapHTb 
eny Aparoi^tBHbiH 0Ae»ABi, Bi>KOTopbixx ohi> nnpeAcrajii, npHBie- 
Kafl o6ii;ee BBHuauie. Kto BayqHji> te6fl TBopHTb nacTyxoBi> aa- 
pHMH? HSAtfiaioTCfl HaAi) BeaepoH o6HH(eBBbiH Gofhhh. Oaa OTBi^- 
qaerb, hto oB'b HMeBHTaro poAa. 

3137 Und eines hdhen kttneges firuht. 
3140 Sin vater eine crAne treit. 

B.ieKOMbiS xafiHOH CKJiOHHOCXbio Ki* WHorat — CbiBy, npiaMi> 
npocHxi Beaepy AosBOJBXb eMy BSHXb ero ki> ABopy, ho H)HOHa b 
IlajijaAa noACxpeKaioxi. K)nHxepa He oxnycKaxb ero. Bo3HBKaexT> 
cnopi>, rposHmifi nepeSxH bt> o6myK) cxsaxKy (a^jio ^bckopaIh); 
Bonpocb opeAOCxaBjieHO ptmBXb SoeMx Meayiy FeKxopoM'b h Ile- 
jieeMi>, fl napBci Aocxaexcfl IIpiaMy. IIpBaaaflie MeacAy bhhh go- 
BepmaexcB yme bi* Tpot: Feuxopi h IlapflCb xtuiaxcH BoenHOB 
HrpoH; nepBbiH, pa3ApaHceHHbiB HejOBKHMi> yAapoMi npoxHBHBKa, 
roxoBHxcfl npoHSHXb ero MeqeMi>, KorAa bo Bpenn BBjinexcfl na- 
cxyxa, BocnHxaxejb IlapBca, h o6uapya(flBaexi>, kxo ohi. 

H corjiaceHi> ci> rpeH<i»OMi>, hto anBSOA'b o IlapBct na cnaAbCt 
Ilejefl H cnopi> H3i>-3a ero oSjaAanin ox3biBaexcfl KaKot-xo A^JiaH- 

HOCXbK); H0eABa-JHMbIBMteMX3AtCb }(tjLO Cb 0ABHM1> JIHmb H306pt- 

xemeM-b KoHpaAa. flfkio oe^HCHHexca npome, KaK'b pe3yjbxaxT> 
HejiOBKaro CBOAa: 0ABH^ h3i> bcxohhbkobi KoHpaAa npHBOAHJi'b Ila- 
pHca BenocpeACXBeHHO hsx oojh, noorfe cyAa aaA'b Cophhamh, bI) 

TpOK), TAt OHT), HeySHaHHblH, 6HJICH Cb fipaXbHBfH H ySHaH'b Ma- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



'i 




64 



xepbK); BT> Apyron i' •'- 
pHca, roBopH.ioci> « 
coeAHraJx o6a n • 

IleJiefl C0HHHHB7. 
THBOMT>. fl, MOH; 
rHHajfL CJaSflHr 

jiacb-6bi yKaaan 
pOMTi npHcyTC'i ' 
repy bt> Tpow, 

CJiaBflHCKOMl> Ti 

i^eHsii, CBeAeHB 
IlapHca (6oH 6bT| 
CM. Bbirae cxp. 
H npHSHameMi: 
IlapHCb 0AHa«Abi - 
MOHerb 6biTb, OAfli 
3HaHie He coBepmaei 
pemeji'b kt* Apyrofi peu 
annsoAa o iohocth) o m 
6biJ0 nocbuaTb h'b nojc 
XOffiAGHifl ocxajicfl, H K0.\. 
TpoK). 

fl OTHeci Kb KOHi^y Moero 
son Ha jiereHAy o h)hocth IlapiicH 

061* HCTOHHHK'fe, BT> KOTOpOM'b H3Bt' 

CKasanie. Girauz HacxaBJiHerb moHrjrl^ 
CK)«eTbi noAofiaeTL eiiy SHaxb: OH-b aojh: 

De Peleas 
Com el fetz Troja destrui: 

De Daracas 

De Dardanus 
Qe premier la feron bastir. 

Daracus= Assaracus, tUapHKoyma Hameft opHx^H. CjtA.^ 
ifHHaHifl ApyrHx^ CK)»cexoBii, MemAy opoiHMx: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



J 



Dai HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 67 

KOMT> nepecKast jercHAbi oiohocth: Fanol pastore, e po'lo mettono 
in loia, Come nesun suo pari inamorato ^). dry nrpy C03ByqiflMH, 
KOTopafl Morja 6biTb yAepaana bi KaK0MT>-HH6yAb poMaHCKOMi 
xeKcrfe, cjaBHHCKiH nepeBOAHHKT> noBtcra xorfe^'L coxpaHHXb, ecjiH 
ae no coAepacamio, to mh cjiyxa: oxryAa cGjunmeuie Ilapuca ct> 
nacmupeeuneMh h ^puo9ceMz^ npn qeiai n ne 6epycb pimHTb Boopoca, 
KaKaH H3T> AByxTb SByKOBbixT* aTHMOJioriS ApeBHte. 

06pa3i> Majb^HKa-cyAbB Me^Ay TOBapaniaiiB h naAi) hcbbot- 
HbiMB BO BCBKOBdi) cjiy^at HanoMRHacrb aHajoraqecKiH oCpaai) bi> 
noBtcTH A'bTCTBt CojioMOBa, 3uaK0MbiH ua cjaBflHCKOMi lori^) H, 
MOKerb 6biTb, He 6e3bi3BtcTHbiH cjaBiiHCKOMy nepecKasqflHy Tpoau- 
CKofi noBtcTH, oCpaxHBmeMy (AaKca) TeAaMOuuna wh Coaomohuhz 
(Miel.), CoAOMonuKZ (H.Co*.)? CoAOMonunoez (Ilbiii.)^). /l,pyryK)na- 
paiiejn> Kb cojomohobckhmi> CKa3aHiflMi> Mbi BCTpirHMi Toxqacb-Hce 
'■ -M OTopoH nojoBBHt HameH noBtcTB, oTHbmt pacxoAHm;e#cfl ci> 
Kcu*ii.u.i jajm>uit*i«« uai)aj;iejiflMH, Koropbifl BAyrb nocjtAawb ilapexa 
Bwiya, TorAa kuk h b-b neii npoAOJiatawxT* oxsbiBaxbCH MoxBBbi m^b 

^nflAJH. fpefi^tb CKJIDHeHl> BMtHBXb 3HaK0MCTB0 Cb HHMR CJiaBflH- 

uy aBTopy (J, c. crp. 101); na HeB03MOWHOCxb xaKoro npoAno- 

nifl yKaaano Bbime, He roBopa y»e o xomi, qxo nojib30BaHie 

B rtwH-JKO HCTOHHjfKaMH BT» HepBot H Bxopoft qacxH xeKCxa 

cKopte Bccro sa cymecxBOBanie oahofo opHPHHajra. J/lsb 

. . ^ nrntia^ia noqepunyjia 3anaAHbifl Bepcin xpoancKofi earn 

,M-. '^TH IlapHca, HjiH H3T> KaKOFO-HHfiyAb o6oco6jieHBaro 

:>To ocxaexcfl BonpocoMx. 

* II. 

. ) npoAOJ»aK)XT> noBicxb — 3nH30A0M'b 
^^ ^*ril. Prim. noMtcxHjra panie, MeacAy 

"• "^ ' i<' II, cxp. 428. 

■.»• *^ f. H KHTOBpact, TJ. II, cxp. 61 

^ ,1^ ^ .11 fc, AByx-b dbiKax-b h ko- 

:. ed. Wagner, V. 1765, 

• /.[jwOVY); 6 xpaxiSv, Bsc- 



D^gitized by Google 



64 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

xepbK); BT> ApyroH peqeH3iE CKasama, nocjit anHsoAa iohocth ITa- 
pHca, roBopHJiocb o ero noflBJieHiH Ha IlejieeBOH CBaAb6'6. KoHpaAi> 
coeAHHHJ'B o6a njiana, y^epnaBi npH3HaHie bi> Tpot, a ci^eHy y 
Ilejefl coTOHHBT> no oCpaai^y 6oh ct> CpaxbaMH, ho ci> ApyrHM'b mo- 
THBOM'b. fl, MoacerL 6biTb, He omHGycb npeAoojioacHB'b, hto h opH- 

rHHaJIli CJiaBHHCKOn nOBtCTH 6hUl> CBOAHblH, qtHl> H 06l>HCHH' 

jiacb-6bi yKaaaHHaH Bbime Hecoo6pa3HOCTb: qTO ci> oiipa, Ha koto- 

POMT* npHCyXCTBOBaJTb IlapHCb, CorHHH HAyTT> CyAHTbCfl Kh H)nH- 

xepy BT> TpoK), a ohi hxt* oSpamaexT, naaaAX ki IlapHcy. H bt> 
CJaBflHCKOMT> xeKCx* ecxb KaKi-Cbi cjtAbi AByxx pa3jrHHHbixT> pe- 
i^eH3iH, CBeAeHHbixx ero noAJHHHHKOM'b: nepBan roBopHja o iohocxh 
IlapHca (6oH 6biK0Bi>; Moacexi 6bixb: K)H0inecKafl JiK)6oBb ki>3hoh'6? 
CM. Bbime cxp. 53)HKOHqaj!acb ero 6oeMT> CT>6paxbHMH B^Tpot — 
H npH3HaHieMi>: KT»3X0My 3nH30Ay oxhochxch, BtpoflXHO, qepxa, ^xo 
riapHCL OAHaatAbi ooSopoj-b oepeA'b IlpiaMOM'b KaKoro-xo bhxhsh — 
MOHexT* 6bixb, OAHoro H3'b SpaxbeB-B? Hepxa axa He pa3BHxa h npn- 
3HaHie He coBepmaexcH, h6o aBxopi nenocpeACXBeHHO 3axtMi ne- 
pemejii> Kb ApyroH pei^eH3iH noBtcxH, Koxopafl pa3CKa3b]Baja (nocjit 
3nH30Aa whocxh) o HBJieHiH IlapHca y Dejea; Coranb yate nejibsfl 
6biJ0 nocbuaxb b-b noje Ha cyA'b ki MyApoMy nacxyxy, ho moxhbi 
xosAenifl ocxaacfl, b KOMHHJiHxop'b 3acxaBHJ[i> hxi> xoAHXb — bi 

TpOK). 

fl oxnecb KT* KOHi^y Moero o6o3ptHifl HaneKi Girauz de Calan- 
SOD Ha JiereHAy o iohocxh IlapHca, b6o ohi* Bbi3biBaexi> BoopocB 
oCti HCxoHHHKt, BT> KoxopoMT> H3BicxHa 6bijia aBxopy xpoflHCKoe 
CKa3aHie. Girauz HacxaBjaexi atonrjiepa Fadet, KaKie anHqecKie 
CK)»cexbi noAofiaexB cMy snaxb: oht> AOJinenib ysitxb pa3CKa3biBaxb. 

De Peleas 
Com el fetz Troja destruir, 

De Daracas 

De Dardanus 
Qe premier la feron bastir. 

Daracus= Assaracus, UlapHKoyma Haraefi npHxqH. CjrfeAyH)XT> yno- 
ifHHaHifl ApyrHxi> CK)acexoBi>, MeacAy npoqHMi>: 



Digitized by 



Google 



H3T> HCTOPIH POM AH A H DOB^CTH. 65 

E de Satan 
Que Salamon saap pres tenir; 

Del rei Seon 

El rei Amon 
Con fes Felip espaoirir. 

Apren del pom 

Per que ni com 
Discordia lo fes legir. 

Del rei Flavis 

E de Paris, 
Com lo saup lo vachier noirir ^). 

Oieuh Momevh 6biTb, qro ynoMHHaHie i^apn Flavis He othochtch ki 
jereHA* o IlapHcfe, TaKT> Kant HacxaBJieHia ee co6j[K)AaK)TT> nocjrfe- 
AOBarejbHOCTH cioaceTOBT>; HHane mohcho 6bi npeAnojoatHTb Bt Flavis 
nepeAtjKy- Peleus, 4>ej[efflb tpoahckoh npHxqH, Feleus b^ Tr6ju- 
mannasaga't, Felleo b^ Trojano, Mbi nojiyqHJH-6bi xorAa xaKyK) 
cepiio HanoMHHaHifi: ABJieme /^HCKopAin, CBaAbfia (?) Ilejiefl, bociih- 
xaflie napHca. 

TaKOBa jereHAa o ero iohocxh, jermafl Bt ocHOBy i^tjiaro pflAa 
nepecRa30Bi>, KaKi 3anaAHbixi>, xaKi* h cJiasHHCKaro, hcxohhukI) ko- 
xoparo yase Bocxokobt> (OnHC. PyMHHi^. Mysea, cxp. 386) cmxajx 
jtaxEHCKHMX); H AonycxHjn)-6bi BOSMOHKHOcxb H KaKoro-HH6yAb po- 
MaHCKaro opHrHHajia. TtM-b h ApyrHATb motruo ofitflCHHXb xaKin 
HMBHa, KaKT> K)HOHa, BeHepa, FeKySa h x, n.; oKOH^aHia coficxBen- 
HbixTi HMeHT> Ha yfflb = us, emb = es b x. n. OxMtxHM'b wb Isto- 
rietta Trojana {cj. Bbirae cxp. 51) coficxBeHHbw HMena: Pelleus, 
Acilles (cjiaB. AuHjremb), Giuppiter (Hnnxepi, WnHxepT*), Dlixes 
(cjaB. ypeKmHuib), Patricolus (cjiaB. IlaxpHKOJioymb) h x. n., e 
BMtcxt npeAnojOHcenie HSAaxeja (Gorra 1. c. cxp. 165): qxo Isto- 
rietta nepeaeAeHa cb KaKoro-HHCyAb ^paniiyacKaro opHTHnaja, 
nepeA^jiKH Benoit de Ste More, paBHO KaKi> n coeAHHeHHbui ci» neio 
Bi) pyKOHHCH 3nHcxoj[bi ObhaIh h conpoBoacAaioni^iH hxi> KOMMen- 
xapii^). Ha sanaAHoe npoHcxoHAenie HCxoHHHKa cjaBHHCKOH no- 



*) Bartsch, Denkm&Ier der provenzalichen Litteratur, cxp. 96, 97. 
*) Parodi, 1. c, CTp. 359—60. 

CCo^wtn n Otx. h. a. h. 5 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



66 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

BtcTH yKa3biBaK)TT> H HeMHorifl saHMCTBOBaHin HSTb ObhaIa mh 
napajjejH kt> neMy, yKaaaHHwa rpeH<i»OMT>: C0H^ FeKyGbi (Ovid. 
Her. XVI, 237 cjitA.)? TpeSoBaHie IlapBca, HTofiw 6orHHH npeA- 
cxajiH nepeAT> hhmt> paaA^TbiMH (1. c. v. 115 — 116), oiOBa 
IlapHca KT> Bhoh* (Ov. Her. V, 29 cjit^.). BxHMQjrorHqecKafl nrpa 
ct HMeHeMT> HapHca Morjia-6bi nocjyacHTb ki fioite ToqHOMy jihh- 
TBHCTHqecKOMy onpeAtjefliK) HCTO^KHKa, ecjiH-6bi bmchho 3Atcb 
xeKCTbi He pacxoAHJHCb MeacAy co6oio h Mbi mofjih nopyHHXbCfl, 
qxo He HM'kewh A*Ja cb ooAHOBJieHiflMH. Micl. = H.Co*. h Pril. 
noAHOBJiflex7> Ka»AbiH no CBoeMy : HapHCb = nacxbipeBHm> h Oa- 
pacb = 4>apH«T>; Seege He 3XHMOJorH3HpyexT>, ho roBopHXT>, qxo 
HMfl MajibHHKy AaHO 6buo 3a ero MyApocxb (wis: Parys); xan^ h y 
KoHpaAa (Wis: Pdris) h B-BpoManct yDuran'a I As 469: sabiduria. 
Hnaqe bi Istorietta: e cid saputo (x. e. o cyA* HapHca'HaA'b 6bi- 
KaMH), molto ne fue Paris lodato e tenuto a giusto; cj. HcnancKift 
poMancb y Daran'a I J\ls 468: Dices que es justo juez — Paris 
todos le hon nombrado. Kt> 3xoh penyxai^ie cnpaeedAueocmu^ npa- 
eocydin opnBfl3biBaexi> BeneiuaHCKaH noBtcxb hhh HapHca: e per zo 
folio chiamado Paris, per tal sentenzia che iera ingtml le sentenzie 
cVello daxeva — x. e. OH'b Ha3BaHi xaKT» noxoiny, qxo AaBajn> pae- 
HUH ptmeflifl B^ cyA*. 3xo noBxopflexT» h Boccaccio (Paris = 
equale) h Troiano (hc SHaromiS, KaKt h Boccaccio, cyAa HaAt 6bi- 
KaMB): HapHci) npaBOAHo ptmaji BCflKie cnopbi Me»cAy xoBape- 
maMH, noHCMy ero h nasBajH Pari^ oxKyAa no3«e h hmb Paris'a. 
3xy 3XHMOJoriK> oCiHCHflex^ KoHpaAi: Paris HasBaHi «dur sin 
gelichez reht», h6o 

«P&r» und gellch sind ebensleht 

Gxajo 6bixb: Paris orb par, qxo noAAep»cHBaexcH h cpeABestKo- 
BbiMT, jaxBHCKHM-B cxHxoxBopeHicMi naAenii TpoH: Est Paris 
absque pare^ quaerit, videt, audet amare, — audet temptare 
furta, pericla, mare ^). Cji. II Cantare dei Cantari, st. 14, BiKpax- 

*) Carmina Burana ^ ULII, cxp. 60; cj. y CHMona Capra Aurea: Paridem 
reddit honore parem, 

, Digitized by VjOOQIC 



TT" 



mi> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 67 

KOMT> nepeCKast jereHAW oiohocth: Fanol pastore, e po'lo mettono 
in loia, Come nesun suo pari inamorato ^). Bxy nrpy coaeyqiflMH, 
KOTopafl Morja 6biTb yAepatana bt> KaK0MT>-HH6yAb poMaHCKOMT> 
xeKcrfe, cjiaBflHCKiH nepeB0AHHKT> noBtcra xortji'B coxpaHHXb, ecjra 
He no coAepHcaniK), to ajih c^yxa: oxryAa cejiHaenie Ilaptica ct> 
nacmupeeuueMh h 0apuofceMh^ npn neMX n ne 6epyci> pimHTh Bonpoca, 
KaKafl H3T> AByxT> 3ByK0BbixT> axHMOJiorift ApeBHte. 

06pa3'b MajibqHKa-cyAbH MewAy xoBapamaMH h naA'b hchbox- 
HbiuB BO BCBKOMi cjiy^iat HanoMRHaexi) anajiorBqecKifi oSpaai) bi> 
noB'fecxH AtxcxB-fe CojioMoaa, anaKowbiH na cjaBBHCKOMi lorfe^) h, 
MO»exT> 6bixb, ne 6e3bi3BtcxHbiH cjaBiiHCKOMy nepecKas^HKy Tpoan- 
CKOH noBtcxH, oepaxHBmeMy (AflKca) TcAaMOHuna wh Coaomohuhz 
(Micl.), CoAOMOuuK^ (H.Co*.)j CoAOMOHUKoez (Ilbin.)^). /l,pyryK)na- 
pajiJiejib Ki> cojOMOHOBCKHMi> CKa3aHiBMi> Mbi BcxptxHMi foxqaci>-Hce 
BO BxopoH nojOBHHt HameH noBtcxfl, oxHbint pacxoAHni;eficH (yh 
CBOHHH sanaAHbiMH napajJiejiflMB, Koxopbi;] HAyxi> no cjitAaMi) ilapexa 
E Benya, xorAa KaK^ bt> nefi npoAOJiatawxi* ox3biBaxbCH moxhbw b3t> 

ObBaIb. rpeH*T> CKJ0HeHT> BM-feHHXb 3HaK0MCXBO Ch HHMH CJiaBflH- 

CKOMy aBxopy (1. c. cxp. 101); na neBOSMOWHOCxb xanoro npeAno- 
joacenifl yKasano Bwrae, ne roBopa y»e o xomt>, qxo nojibsOBanie 
OAHHMH H xtMH-ace HCxoHHjrKaMH BT> nopBot H Bxopoft qacxH xeKCxa " 
roBopexTi CKopte Bcero 3a cymecxBOBanie oahofo opHrHnaJia. H3t> 
dxoro-JB opHPHHaja noqepnnyje sanaAHbia Bepcin xpoaecKoft earn 
3nH30Ai> lOHOcxH IlapBca, HJH H3i> KaKOFo - HH6yAb o6oco6j[eHaaro 
paacRasa o hch — axo ocxaexca BonpocoMT>. 

II. 
Micl. (H.Co*. H Ilbin.) npoAOJi«aK)XT> noBtcxb — 3nH30A0M'b 
nocxpoenin TpoH, KoxopwH Pril. Prim. noMtcxn^a panfee, MeasAy ' 



1) Pio Rajna, Zeitschr. f. roman. Philologie II, cxp. 428. 

2) Cl. MOB CjiaSHHCKIH CKasaniH O COJIOHOHt H KHTOBpact, FJI. II, CTp. 61 

cj-l^A.; cxp. 67: cy^'B «o Asyxx wepeduaxij h KodujiHi;*, o ^r.Byxt 6uKaxi> h ko- 
poBib». 

3) 3aMtTHirB, Bopo^eM-B, iTO wh l^iri^i\(5\^ Tou 'AxiXXeco;, ed. Wagner, v. 1765, 
AflKCB flBjHeTCfl t;apcTByK>ii](eMi> Wh CaAttMOHih: t^^; ^aXapiovY); 6 xpaxcSv, Bsa- 
i:6^(t)>f xai pir)<ieua)v. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



68 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

lOHOCTbK) Uapnca (h ry npeCopn e^Hora BHTeaa HMeeeM* m^irra 
npeA npHiMymeM* Kpajeai') h UejeeBOH CBaAbSoH (H no tom* me- 
name ce UejemHH* Kpaj*). Upiain* (sacTynaBmiH MtcTO JlaoMeAOHxa) 
oCtmaex'B «TpH AOJibi 3jaTa» (MicL, H.Co«i>.) xoaiy, kto noMOHert 
eny «Bb TpoHCKOMb Atrtw. flsjiaioTCfl aABa AaaBOja aewHaaw, Hen- 
xeaaeoyinb (Micl., H.Co«i>. Ilbin. = Neptnnus, N6XT£vaPo(; AjieK- 
caHApiH^); Pril. HenxyMym; Prim. HcKTeCoymb) HTeCoymb (Micl. 
H.Co*. Ilbin,; Pril. Prim. Ilefiym) rycejibHHKT>, h ar^A^nie bt> 
r^cjiH, H 3H3Aame ca Tpoa K^^^Aoy u^hh pe^ax^w (Micl., H.Co«i>.; 
Prih: H ryAtme, h rpcAtme caMo KaMeHHe). Cj. Ovid. Met XI, 
199 cjitA.; Her. XV, v. 18 ^. 

IIocTpoBKa KOHqeea, ho IIpiaMi oGMaHbiBaerb aoAHEXi, cyjH 
HMi> BwtcTO xpex'b aAOJi 3JaTa» — xpn npHropmHH. PaarHtBaHHbie, 
OHH FOBopflTb: Mbi C03AajiH TopoA'b, Mbi me yMbicjHM'b, KaK'b ero 
pa3pyraHTb. Ohh HAyx'b kt* «npopoHHaaMT>», oenatenHbiMi cyAOM'b 
IlapHca'*). — HenpaBCAHbiH cyA'b IIpiaMa HanoMBHaerb TaKOBofi-aee 
CoJiOMOHa B-b pyccKOH Ilaje**): i;apb ^apifi (^apian'b, AAapiaHi) 
nocbuaerb CoJiOMony 3araAKy, 3a pa3ptmeHie Koxopoft Cojomohx 
o6tmaexT> oxAaxb pa3raAiHKy xpexbio qacxb cepefipa, Koxopoe 
npHmjexT> eiay nepcHACKifi uapb. SaraAKy oxraAbiBaexT> kphboh 
Ctcb; KOFAa ^apifi npHCJajfb «xpH KaAH cpe6pa» h Ast KaAH oxcbi- 
naHbi A^a i^apfl, OH'b bcjexx awfipaxHXH KaAb Bpbxoy ahomt*, h no- 
BCJit nacbraaxH fitcy Bepx'b)). 

CjitAyexT> 3nH30A'b KaccanApt (Micl. H.Co*.: KampaoApa, 
Pril. Kman Apa = *KamxaHApa): ona HAexT> na wpiK;?; UlHMOHmeBH 
(Micl. H.Co*. = Simois; Pril.: nojiH p'feKH AinopHraeBH) h Bcxpt- 



^) Ci. Hs^ ucTopiB poMana h hob'I^cth, Bbin. I, CTp. 448. Gi. Neptanabos = 
HeRTaHe6'B y Bertran de Paris, cTpo<»a 8, v. 3—4, Bartsch, I)enkm&ler, cxp. 87. 

^ nocTpoemH Hjaona AnoxsoHOM'b u HenryHOirB npn Ilpiani^ roBopHn* 
H Tr^omannasaga,'!. c. crp. 34. 

») Bt Pril. H Prim. o6t> o^n^t npopoinm* Htrt ptiH, h6o cy^-b IlapHca 
cji-fe^^yerb noaxce. Bi Prim. <l»e6'i» h HenryHi. H^^yrb xcajioBaTbCfl ftnp^jC H)nHTpa 
6ora H He Morocxa ero oynp-fetH, h npH^ocTa k* IIpopo<^I^aMx>». 

*) Ci. MOH CaaBHHCKifl CKaaaHifl o CojOMOHt h KirrOBpac^, crp. 91 cit^.; 
CKasKH o6t» HsaHt rpoBHOMi., ;ipeBH. H Hob. Poccia 1876 r., J\e 4, crp. 820—1. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPm POMAHA H nOEfeCTH. 69 

qaerb nefiyma 6ora (y MicL H.Co*. Asa pasa: aHnirrep'b)) npo- 
poiTB, Pril. BT> nepBbiH pa3T»: «6orb K)nirrtp'», bo BTopoS: ac Ile- 
GymeH* 6oroif *»). Ohi> roBopirrb ei: allpHAH ki> MHt, Aa th noBi^Mb 
BbCA TaHHbi rpoHCKbi^, mo xomeTB 6biTH»; TOJbKO nycTb He xBa- 
jBTCfl nepeAi) tpoahckhmh menaMBy hto 6ectA0Baja ct> hhhi>, HHaqe 
offB TaiTb cAtJaerb, tto eft He SyAyrb BitpoTb (Micl. H.Co*.). 
Bti Pril. HHbifl noApo6HocTH: 6orb ofitmaerb pacKpwTb KaccanApt 
TaHHbi CyAymaro, ecjra ona yqHHHTb ero «xoTtHHe», tto ona h A't- 
jaerb; sanperb 6ora Kacaercfl HHeHHO aroro : nycTb He pascKasbi- 
Baerb, aKaKO ch HHtja iK)6aB* c ne6yoieM* fioroM'o. Ona Hapy- 
maerb arorb sanperb, h efi ne Btparb, KorAa ona npopoTOTb, qxo 
napHci> noxBTHTb Ejeny h tto BCJtACTBie xoro noropHTb Tpofl. 
(Pril. paccHnaxH ao ^ynAOMeHxa. Cj. Ov. Her. XVI, 123: referes 
incendia tecum y Greif a, 1. c, cxp. 270). 

KaccaHApa Hrpaerb pojb B'b fiojrapcKOM'b «CjOBt o BexxoM'b 
AjieKcaHApt», CEibHo HCKaHieHHOM'b H nepenHaqeHHOMi> pascKast 

H3T> TpOflHCKHXTi ^tflHifi, KOTOpOITb rOBOpCHO 6bIJI0 Bbime ^). 

KaccaHApa HasBana-raBrb MarAonoH, MarAynoH, apeKme CBptuHCKbiH 
np*M^Apa», AieKcaHApi* (IlapHci) 6yAxo-6bi 03HaHaexT> no aji- 
JHHCKn ao6piTeHb». 06a xojKOBaHifl H3MbimjieHbi; MarAyna, Mar- 
Aona, BtpoflXHO = Mygdonia (virgo): no DaaBaHiK) (X, 27, 1) 
XHTAOHaMH Ha3BaHbi <frpHriHabi no KopoJK) MuyScov; MnrAOHieH na- 
3biBaJiacb H ^pHrificKaro KeSejia (Val. Flacc. 11, 46). — CoH-b o 
rjaBHt BHAHTi> uapb, He uapei^a, ho xaK'b KaKT> nepnoH po^^aexca 
MarAOHa, oht> BejHTi aanepexb ee aBT» CTjn>nb», hto6i> yAajHXb 
HcnojHenie npopoqecxBa. 3Atcb ona npopHi;aexT», qxo corn, na- 
caexcfl efl Cpaxa, «Hace ecxb B'b Axpofi* uapni^H h xomexcA po- 
AHXB». KorAa HBiaexcfl na CBtxi> IlapHCb, aapb BejExi oxnecxH 
ero aB'b noycxbiA ropbi»; aH luCptxe iwxpoqA MeqKa, eace 6t Hsroy- 
6BJa nj^enuA cboa lu' joBeab h GoxfesHOBame u^^ MjrfeKa, h BicnHxa 
ujxpoHA aa .r. xfexa, AOHAeace jiOBaH sBtpA oySHraa h oxpoiA Am;?; 
H npHBeAoniA ki> aapK)», Roxopbii ero h npHSHaexi*. HHxepecHO 

>) Cji. Bume crp. 60, npuM. 2 n Moft OTHerb B'b >KypH. Mhh. Hap. IIpocB. 
1884 r. flHBapfc, cxp. 76—7. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



70 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

coBnaAeHie c(MeqKH» ci> cyKOH (hjih jraHbio?) Trdjumannasaga^H h 
jaHbK) KoHpaAa; hto dTO ee isMbimjeHie CojrapcKaro cjOBa, AOKa- 
3biBaeTT> jiereHAa Anoj JOAopa (cj. Bbime cxp. 60npHM. 2; cp.Tanace 
MHOTi o6t> AxaJiaHrfe). Moacerb Cbixb, bi cbash ci> KaKofi-HHfiyAb 
rpeqecKOH noBtcxbio o IlapHC'fe-^^/ccaMdlpTfeCTOHrbHMOTeB'bsaKJK)- 
qeHifl KaccaHApw (HHaie: AAeKcaudpu) m> eanmio. Y Majajbi 
(ed. Bonn. cxp. 92 CJtA.) DpiaMi ysHaerb orb opaKyjra AnouoHa, 
HTO HM'feioin.iH poAHTbCfl CbiHT), Ilapt?, TcoTt; SOcjuapt;, Kor^a aoctht- 
Herb 30-JitTHflro Bospacxa, ey^erb npaseHofi rnSeJiH «i>pHriHCKaro 
aapcTBa. BcjffeACTBie axoro oht> OTAaerb ero na BOcnHTaaie k^ oa- 
HOMy KpecTbflHHBy £v Toi aypcj), izoirifjOLC, Se teT/oc ev t^ auT^ 
aypo) [xiya exaXeaev auii uoXtv to llaptov. OxciOAa owh H Bbi3bi- 
BaexTi ero no npomecxBiH yKaaaHnaro cpoKa. — HHxepecHfee Apy- 
roe coBiiaAeHie Cjiosa ct> xeKCxoM'b HameS npHxqn: Bb CjroBt uapa 
CioH'b (= McHejiaH) h Ion> (AraMeMHOHi*) BjacxByrox'b bt> Mopet 
HJIH AMopei {wh Mope;?v, bt, AMopin), qxo a o6•bflCHHJI^ ^) B'b CBaan 
ch 6H6jieHCKBMH (kb. Hhcji7> 21) HMeHaMH Ora h Cnxoea, KaKi> 
AMMopen (CaxoHTi itapb AMoppeficKift), xtMi 6ojte, 4xo Cjiobo 
ynoMHHaexi> noAi) pflAi> ^i^apt xauaaHbCKbiA n MecouoxaMiHCKbiA». 
noAo6Hbia xoMy CnSjieHCKia BOcnoMBHania b^ coScxBeHHbix^ hmc- 
Hax'b BBjiaioxca b bx> Hamen noatcxn (no xeKcxy Mich, H.Co*.), 
MoatexT> 6bixb, KaK^ HCKamenia; cji. paroyHjn>cxiH BHxeaH, KaKi 
6yAxo ox'bParyHJia (kh. Tosaxa), B'bPril. apryjreHCKiH = argolicus; 
ocxpoB'b ACaKoyMT) (MicL, H.Co*.)? B'bPril. ABjiHAa EM*6poHKb = 
Euboica. ^ja MopeH, AMopen CjOBa a AonycxHj'b ^) cMtmenie 
6H6jieHCKOH AMoppen cb Mopeefi, fa* no rpeKO-cepScKofi Ajien- 
caHApin i^apHXT> MenejiaH = CioBT> CjOBa. Ho B'b nocji'feAHeftrb 
AMopeMb HJIH HMopeMi nasBaB'b h oxeAx AjieKcaHApa, IIpiaMi; 
axoro HMeHB a oS-bacnnxb ne yM-feio, bo yKaacy B'b xoJbKo ixo paao- 
CpaBHOM'b anHSOA* Hamefi noatcxH aa p'feKy AMopumeey Pril. = 
IIlHMOHnieBa MicL (Pril. Aajffee: naptat tUHMopHmeBt) = Simois, 



*) Ca. Mofi OTHerb o6i, u3AaHiflxi> GupKy, 1. c. cxp. 77. 
^) Hai* HCTopiH ponaHa u qos'I^ctm, Bun. I, CTp. 440. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA B nOB*CTH. 71 

B BT> lOiKHO-pyccKOMi xpoHorpa^t ^), BT> HameMt JKe xeKcrt, ea 
dHBTerB noMopcKtu: «6bU'L ei) EMEBixi> aapb noMopcKifi BMe- 
BeMT> npBAem'L». 

IlapBCb OTopamBBaeTCH y OTua dobtb oaa ABopS^^o, c<Ha 
cjoyme^D (Micl. H.Co*.) Kb Menejaio, Koxopoaiy roBopBTb, hto 
npflmeji'B kt> neiiy ne B3T>-3a aojoxa b cepe6pa, ((e;^ Aa bbaa, Koa 
KCTb HbCTb Ha TBoeMi> ABopt BJB Roa AOBOjibHa qbCTB ABopa 
oapbCTBa TB» (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril.: oko e noTreH*e b' tbocm* ABopt 
B Ka ABop'mBHa»). drsL qecxb npa ABopt, ABopmBHa, «tABopHOCXb» 
6ifeiopyccKaro TpBCxaaa, oxB'feqaexT> aocjobho b coAepacaxejibHO 
*paHit. courtoisie, bx. cortesia, KaKT> naaBaHie xpoflHCKBXT> b rpe- 
HecKBxt mewh — rocnoacaMB, Ao6pbiMB rocnoajaMB, Bwpaacaexx, 
6bixb MoacexT>, noHflxie, cxoaBraee ya;e bt> oparBHaJit: dames, 
belles dames, fl ne npeAptmaio axBMt JBerBBCXBqecKaro xapaK- 
xepa noAJniBUBKa, ho yKasbiBaio Ha ero o6niecxBeHHoe Mipoco3ep- 
aanie. Bt> cxajt axoro MipocoaepuafliH b cjitAyiomee oOiBCHeHie 
IlapHca, CT> MOXBBa&fB B3T> OBHAifl, cxojb nonyjiflpHaro B'b cpeAfle- 
BtKOBOH jiK>6oBHofi Ka3yBCXBKt: McHejiaB, napBCT> B Ejena 3a 
cxojoifb, nbK)XT> aqpT>BjeHa BHHa xpBrjitna ^) B3t> eABBr^; HamA;» 
(Micl., H.Co4». Cj. Ov. Her. XVI, 79 cjitA); UapBCb DBmexx 
HepBJieHbiM'b BHnoMT> Ha6tjiOMT> yCpyct: «EjieHo i^apnae, JnoGm ma, 
Aa XA jim)6a» (Ov. ib. 87 CJitA.: Orbe quoque in mensae legi sub 
nomine nostro. Quod deducta mero litera fecit Amo) ^); EjreBa no- 
HBMaerb axo, MeHejrafi Htxi, h6o hc aoynfeame khbt^w (Micl. 
H.Co*.). 

Menejafi xnajiBxcfl bt, nBCbM-fe Kb AraMCMHOHy noBbiurb Apy- 
acBHHBKOMt; xoxT> oxBtqacxx: «6jk)ab ca xoro, Aa He npBBAexb 
qioatAee Ao6po (?) a Bb3Mexb Ham/¥. ^bcxb, b 6;¥.jifiTh xOMoy BOJiBKa 



») A. nonoB-b, 1. c. n, CTp* 286. 

2) ccTpHntHa)) aaraAOHHO; e^Ba-JiH axo anHxeTi. BHHa; Mowerb 6iJTfc, HCKawft 
Hie: in triclinio? 

») Cji. Konrad v. 20770: 

«Am6» daz wort er dicke schreip 

mit wine l(iter unde frisch 

fttr die vil cllU-en ti den tisch. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



72 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

qbCTB, a Haua BCJiHKa cpaMOxaw (Micl. H.Co*.). MeHCJiafl acajiyexcfl, 
1T0 ero necTb He Aopora Spaxy. — Bcero axoro HtxT* bi> PriL; 
npHiHHa onymeeifl Morjia Sbixt qacro BHtmHafl: npeAWAyuUH a6- 
3ai;T> KOHiajCfl nHcanieMt IlapHca Ha yfipyct, cjitAywrnin hobto- 
pfljiT>: an Ha BctKb ABHb oHcaame Ajie^aHApi> ipT>BeHtMb BHHOMb 
Ha 6tjiOMT> oyCpoyct, a Ejiena uapana Mjibqame». — OAflaacAbi, 
npHSBaB'b ero Kb ceC'fe, ona BejiHXT> emy ocxaBHXb cbok) naBaaTO- 
Bocxb, KaKx-fibi He saM'fexHji'b xoro MeHejaft, Koxopbifi «xomexT> xa 
oyMopHXH sjit)) (Ov, Her. XVI 83: Et saepe extimui, ne vir meus 
ilia videret). Oht> oxBiqaexT>: '«w rocnoHCAe Moa EjieHO, Aa BtcH, 
Moen cJoyHcfit ntcxb HH'b oSpoK^, H;r^ mh ecH xbi o6poK^. (Ov. 
Her. XV, 19 Praemia magna quidem, sed non indebita posco; 
XVI, 132: praemia summa tibi; 135: Ergo ego sum virtus, ego 
sum tibi nobile regnum?) Aat HtcMb npHmejri, Aa cjoyac/¥. na 
3Jiaxt HJiH 6Hcpt, sane xpoHCKaa nojiaxa CAHna bauxc HMaxi* aiaxa 
H cpeSpa HeacejiH rpiHbCKaa ApT>3KaBa (Ov. Her. XV, 185 sq: 
Et quotiens dices: Quam pauper Achai'a nostra est! Una domus 
quae vis urbis habebit opes), h erbi 6bi BHA'feJia xpoHCKbiA BHxesbi, 
He 6h peKJia, BHxesH c^xt>, h;^ rocnoAHHH h Bjracxejie (ib. v, 193 — 4). 
^a, rocnoHAe Moa Ejieuo, roxoBt €Cmt> npH;?^xH M/^km, neatejiH 
AJ'bro M^qHMT) 6;?nA^ no XBoefi jitnoxt. Hpene eiwy EjieuaitapHi^a: 
(W Aje^aHApe, ne ocxaBjtM'b xe6e B'b KpesHHt, h^ ecxb hoaoSho 
penxH xaKOBOMoy BHxeaoy, koh bhahxt» cejHK/^ ji'fenox;?^ h jho6hxt>)) 
(Micl. H.Co*.; B'b Pril. : aa-q* kh toa* 6h BHxea* bha^ji* CHKy jit- 
noxy, AOCxoHHO My e xaKO roBopHxe). Cj. Her. XVI 35 cxfeA. 

MeacAy xtM'b MenejraH oxnpaBjiaexcH B'b noxoA'b npoxHB'b 
oxxoprnyBmexca oxt> nero o6jiacxeH; Dapncb ne hacxi c^b hhmtj, 
CKasbiBaHCb goJibubiKTb. HaaBauie o6j[acxH: poycari> KaaKHHCKbiH 
Micl., H.Co*.; Hbm. KaaKHMCKin, KaaKeHM'bCKiH, j^axfee y Micl. 
H.Co*. roBopHxca, hxo Menejan oxnpaBHJicfl bt» wnajiarificKbi^ 
poycarbi»; B'b Pril. B'b nepBOM'b cjiyqat: «ce oxBpwe namncKH 
rpaA* H ypcar HKJiancKH», bo BxopoM'b: c(Ha Barapa;HK)i>. HrHq'b 
HHxaexT> BM. oaatHCKH = naraacHCKH, bm. Barapmna = HaraHHa, 
qxo noAXBepHCAaexca jifiMhB'k^mEWb ynoMHHaHiaM'b axoro hmohh. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H OOB^CTH. 73 

IlaraHCHa, y Micl. Aajie, cxpaHa, ta* uapcxByerb IlojiHMHecTOpi 
(Ilbin. Bcefi noraacH). Ecjib HcopaBjieHie Bi^pno, to najariHCKie 
poycarH croaTb bm. naraHUHCKHxt; ho cj^Ayerb saMtxHTb, hto 
anaJiariHCTiHi) bhtash ho pa3i> flBjifliorcfl bi> xeKCTt Micl. (bi> Pril. 
ffferb), MOKOTb 6biTb, bm. nejaroHiftcKie; nocjitAHie BCxptsaiOTCH 
wb rpeKO-cepficKOH AieKcaHApin *); hjh nejacrificKie? (cjt. y Obhaia 
H Pind. Thebanus: Eelasgi = rpcKH). Hto ao HaraadH IIojraMHe- 
CTopa, KOTopyio a CTapajca ofi'bflCHiiTb bi cbhsh ci «na»aACKBirb» 
rocnoACTBOBTb cep6cK0H AjieKcaHApifl \ to B'b Pril. efi OTBtqaerb 
«TpauiHCKiH» OTOK-b. Uaramifl, Barapaufl — 6brrb MO«eTb — Ilpa- 
raa^ifl bm. GpaKia? (Cji. DeSyx^ h Te6yxT> = 4>e6T>; TejecnoH-b 
H 4>ejecuoHi). — KaaKiacKie otokh naAO 6yAerb oOiiacHHTb cob- 
MtcTHo cb Ilaramiefi, ohcbhaho Jie»ameH bt> tom^-hcc HanpaBJieHiH 
noxoAa. Mhkjoiiih^t> TOJKyerb KaaKHwcirb = achaicus; Greif (1. c. 
cjp. 270) UHTyerb Ov. Her. XV, 299—300: 

Non haboit tempus, quo Cresia regna videret 
Aptias. ♦ 

OAHaHCAbi, KOFAa Ejeea Bbiinjia c^ rpeqecKBMH arocnoH(aMH» 
«xopo HrpaTHD (Micl. H.Co*., Pril.: arpaxy Tani^a), napHCT> bo- 
jHTb CBOHMT> oTpoKaMT> (Micl.; Pril. WHaKOM*) npHBeaTH CMy aCp'bs^A 
Karpxr-^w (Micl., H.Co*.; Ovid. Her. XV, 330: Jam facient ce- 
leres remus ef aura vias) h noKasaTb CMy ero cc3HaMeHHe». KorAa 
noAHHjiH Ha KOHbt ero aojiOToft oueMT*, napHci> BSfljrb «EjieH;R aa- 
pHiv?^ noA'b naaoyx;?; cbo;r» (Micl. H.Co*.) h yBjieKT> ee Ha ko- 
pa6jb. — B'b Tpot HHKTO He Bbimejii eMy na BCTptny, KpoMt 
IIpiaMa H reKySbi. 

^jifl cjtAywmaro OTAtja (§ 5 Micl.) asTop'b catAOBaji, no 
MHtHiio rpeH«i>a (cTp. 271), Xlll-fi KHHr* OBHAicBbix'b MoTaMop- 
4»03T>. XHTpocTb Y^HCca H yjoBKa IlajiaMeAa ynoMHHaeTCfl bt> Met. 
XIII, 36 cxfeA., nepeoAtTbift Axh^jI) TaMi-HO v. 162 cjtA., 
yMHiocTHBjeHie Jlmuhi Met. XII, 8 cjitA.; AJifl Apyrex-b noApo6- 



^) Cj. Moe uacji^AOBaBie: Hsi. HcTopiu poMana h nostcTH, sun. I, crp. 169, 203. 
*) Cji. moh K)«HO-pyccKia 6ujuHbi, Bun. 11, CTp. 80. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



74 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

HOcxeH AonycRaeTCfl nojibdOBaeie cxojiflMH, ecJH ee KOMMeHTapiflBiH 
Cepeia kt> Aen. II, 81 h II, 116. 

YcjibimaBi noxnu^emH meubi MeeejiaH B03BpaiiiaeTCH aci> 
(pKD. Micl. H.Co*. BT>) KaaKiHCKbiA^ Api>«aBbi», Pril.: c OaraHCBe. 
Kt> HeMy coSHpawTca: AraMeHo[H'b] i^apb (MicL, H.Co*.; Pril. 
Htrb), AtziKDib IIlojOHOHRqeBb cbiHi (Micl., H.Co^.: Cojiomo- 
HHReBt; Pril. AtKm* TejieMoram*), IlajiaMHAenib, IlpHAHHeBi cbiHT> 
(Micl.; H.Co*. IIpHAeKeB'b; Ilbin.: IlajaMHA^, IIpHAeKOBT, cbiHT>; 
Bi Pril. sjifkcb He ynoMaHyrb). BbiJiT> xaMi oAHH'b myApbift nejo- 
BtK'b aOypcKmemb HMCHeM'b, JIapTtmeBHqi cwH'b)) (Micl., H.Co*.; 
Pril. ypHKmem*), KOTopbw, He acejiaa npHsacxHTbCfl kt> bohh*, 
wcTBopH CA 6tceHT> H Ha^A ntcbKi* opaxH a cojib ctaTH» (Micl. 
H.Co^.). wIIajiaMeAea^HO)) (Micl. H.Co<>.; Pril. najHMHAtac) yra- 
ABJLiy ero yjioBRy nyjra'iae'rb ero: uape nocbijiaK)n> ero h wAwKma 
CojioMaHHqa» (Micl.; H.Co4». CoJOMOHHKa; Pril. TeJCMOHnma) kt> 
YiHCcy, najiaMHAeacb Cpocaerb nepe;iT> ero njyn> ero Majojtx- 
HHro cbma, Yjinccb, hg pferaaacb ero nepeixaxb, ocxaHaBjiHBaerb 
BOJiOB^, H Ahkc^ BCAerb ero kt> i^apaMi, ^). Hto h «Ai^Hjerab)), 



^) 3a pascKasoM-B o npusoAt YjiHCca CJi'i^AyeTb s-b TeKcri^ nunHHa (1. c. 
CTp. 310) BCTasRa TaKoro coAepmaHin : aEaxy me h hhuh mho3h, * iipiii;(,oma ko 
i^apen'B Ba noHOoib oto HHorT> ocTpoe-b^ h otb cyma, h otb eocKpafl cyrE^HXi} 

MOpH, OTB AeHH^, H TOSeMIliil, H OTb OCTaJIbfl H OTO ApziH H OTT> BCefl ElJiaAbI B 

OTB BBhijrh MBOPHXi*. Eflme MeBecHeeci> ot7> AeHBi> (ex Athenis Menestheas, 
Dictys I, 14), HecTop-B ot flMjiaAHceBec (e Pylo?), otb GaiaiiiiHa Ea (BtpoHTHo: 
Earui'b), HAOMeBCBecB otb Kpuxa (Idomeneus, Dictys I, 13), TjuinexeM-B me on> 
Po;i.a (Tlepolemus ib. I, 14; cm. Dares c. XIV), bch po^i. niiyii^e otb 6jiaropoA- 
Hbix'B u OTB uapcKHxi* KpoBCH, uymu xpa6piH; eBeiHHHB-B me AxHxieH ciflme 
nane Bci^xi* nejiOBtK-B, paTeif-B no6tABiiK'B^ cMjiea-B m Kp-i^nKopyR'B, ero}icB h 
Bpofl aapBuaxoy: cero nocTaBama uapii para aanajBaRa. B^ me paTb Maoro^ac- 
jieaaa: 1170 Ropa6j[eft bcxoahtb y6o otb OTenecTea; nocjiaa-B y6o 6uBaeTB Axhji- 
lea OTB xpadpux-B xpysiH, a aa ocrpoBBi BanaAoma, a nonitaama cymy, a 
TiiiaxycH aanacra aa Tpoa, bro aaorairB 6oraTCTBoa'B Raname a xoraiue ot- 
MCTBxa o6BAy Eieau pa^a. BaA'^ame me Tpoaae TOjaRy paxB, co6paBnie ce6'l^ 
oocodBBKa, Kapa a JIaKaoaa, Maca a Meoaa, a Opyra, npa^yHcaa-B me aecb 
AcificHift flsuR'B a po;i,'B, npoTasy usBeAoma 6e3<iacieBB0 bobbctbo; bi* Tpoa^'i^ 
me ycrpoH aflii^e 50000 nyniefi, a aaoro apeHfl npoaoAama 6paBB TBopaiue, a 
cnepaa xo6p^ onojiHaxyca aa 6paBb, m hro ;Ke acRycama AxHueeao CTpeiue- 
aie a zpa6pocTB, ct^flxy npa cTf^aaxi. 3aRJU0«iaBmecfl». Hto mli aatcirB sa'I^cb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^imm 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 75 

c<<l>epeJieii]eB'B cbiwbi>, TaK»ce yKpbiBajcfl otb paxH, OAtemHCb b^ 
ateacKoe njiaxbe h xoaa ct> wrocnoacAaMH no rpaA'fex'b)), roBopHTL 
3Atcb TOJbKO Micl. H.C04>. 

HanpaBjflflCb noAT> Tpow rpesecKoe bohcko npacxaerb Kh oxoKy 
aACaKoyMT*)) (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril.: AsjHAa EM*6poHKb = Euboica), 
FA* «BHXfl3H AraMeHaw y^HBaioTb Komyxy <l>ejiemH-BejeniB (Micl. 
H.Co*. Cji. Bbime cxp. 33 — 35 b 55). Ona noABHMaext 6ypK), h 
KopaCjH He MoryxT> xpoHyxbCfl. CnpomeaHbiH MeHejaeMt «nom> 
KajrKami)) roBopHXT>, qxo Sypa yaMexcfl JHmb xor^a, Ko'rAa <l>ejiemt 
oxAaAyxT* AO'ib AraMCMHOHa (Pril. aih atepxBbi 6orHHt: «AOKJie 
He.... ySHCMO iod), UfitxaHy (Micl. H.Co*. Flbin.; Pril. II,BeHya- 
acHK)). ycjibimaBi xoHi} AraMeMHOHi pasPHtBajicH, ho Y.ibcc'l 
(bi Pril. jHrnnee: ypb xpaaHcra) ero yroBapHBaexT>. Y Micl. ero 
pt^b noApoSflte, qtwb bi Pril., fa* Htxi> axHanecKHx^ hmch^: 
oxAafi Aoib 3a xy Komyxy, wnoHcace ch uomejn> c^ epaxoM-B CBOHMt, 
Aa HaHAemb qbcxb, a cpaMOx^ Aa ocxaBBmb, h koh ca ABHrH/vae 
rpiuKbi^ BOCBOAbi H capaKHHCxiH oypoBe h KaaK'iHCxiH h uajiar'iHcx'iH 
H paroyHjn>cx][H >BHxe3B, Aa CHe ce6e C/^xx> HaHmjie chMpixb, a 
xe6t cpaMox;?^, h HaHinjio ca e mhopo pocno»AB Bb BAOBHHbCXBO)>. 
Ct> copjiacifl AraMCMHOHa Yjihccb oxnpaBjiaexcfl kt> epo Heat, 
KjiAXOMempHUH (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril. KjHxeMema), Koxopofi pobo- 
pHxi>, qxo ppeKB 3aMHpBjiRCb ci> xpoBHiiaMH, Ejeaa B03Bpau]^eHa, a 
I^BtxaHy xoxaxT> Bbuaxb 3a EjieHoyma (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril. Ile- 
Cyma = ^eH4>o6a?), IIpiaMOBa cbina. UapHaa oxnycKaexT> ao%, h 
6ypfl yjiepjiacb; b'b xy-Hce H0«ib (Pril.: h b kh lo Aan' xoxifexy yCHXH, 
xy Hom*) CoPHHfl HBHJiacb AraMeMHOHy, roBopHXT>, qxo6bi oht> hc 
6o3noKOHjicii AOHepn, Kh KoxopoH o6tiuaexi> 6bixb mhjocxhboh. 
Ee ocxaBHjiH Ha ocxpoBt, onoHBT> bhhomt*. — FpeqecKie KopaCjiH 
xpoayjiHCb, upBcxaiOTb ct> «CHPHHCKtM* CptpoM*)) (xojibKO BT> Pril.; 
Ovid.: Sigeia... litora), a bohcko HAexT> na Tpoio. 

MJkJO cb BcraBKofi, Tony CBHAi^TejbCTBOirB ne tojix>ro «opMa nueHH: AxHXJiefi 
(AiuiJiem-b ApeBHflTO TeRCTa), ho u HeyM-i^CTHOCTb snusoAa, nepeHOCfliuaro nacb • 
aoAT> crfeHu TpOH, K6r;^a CJi^jijfoin^ sa t^hi* pa3CRa3i> BOSBpao^terB nacB ki^ 
Bejein%==^aB^, B036yAnBmell BOJiHenie npoTHBT> rpcnecKHXi* Kopa6jiell, nanpa- 
BJMBniHzefl Wh Tpo'i^. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



76 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

Bi Aajii>HtHmeMi HBAomemu Micl. HPril. etcKO jbko pa3x pac- 
xoAHTCfl. OxjiHHie ecTb h bt> nepecxaHOEKt anHaoAOBt, h wb npe- 
CTaBKi H Bbio^AeHiH RHbixi, npHqeMi> HHorAa Tpy^HO ptmnTb ci> Ka- 

KHMT> B31 AByXl> ABJeHiH Mbl HMteMl A'l^JIO Bl> KaO^OMl OTAtjbHOMl> 

CJiynat. TaKoe aaxpyAHeHie npeAcxaBjAexcfl TOTiaci-ace. 

Mich H.Co«i>. OTKpbiBaexcfl 6hxboh: co cxopoHbi rpeKOBi> 
HanaKma UIojiOMOHHqeBb h YpeKmema JlapxemeBi cbiwby apoxHBT> 
HHX'b ERxopij, AHUHAenn> (Anchises), ExeHopij (AHxeHop'b)HE[jie]- 
Hoiii'b (Helenus?). FeRxopi oahok) «cxpfejiOK) ro6HJOxoK)» xonHTT> 
xpe rpeiecKBX'b Kopa6jifl, a Abkcb amHX0MT> 3optBbiM'b» M samn- 
maexT> KopafiJH c<iuxt> acHBoro lurirb HeKxopoBa» (cji. Ov. Met. 
XIII, 7 cjrtA.; Pindarus Thebauus XV, 797 cjtA.) % CjiAyexT> 



') Cj. HepsjieBLie u^htu bi^ Cjobj o IIojiKy Mropes'fe. 

2) y IThin., 1. c. CTp. 311—12, nocjit 3nH3o;i,a cb II,B-]&TaHoil-H«HreBieft, paa- 
CKSLS'b 6ot noA'b Tpoefi aaHHsaeTCfl TaKun'B-^e o6pa30H'b: aHau^e npoTaey 
HJTB (t. e. npoTBB-b rpeROB-b) ERTopx i;apb, JIpiaMOB-B cub-b, h bbIh HBoaiB 6o- 
jiHpe, H Ba<ia ctp^^jbth Ektopi> CTp'Lioio co orBen'B, h e^BB^ifb nyii;eBieMi> no- 
rpy>Kame Tpu KopadjiB rpenecKifl, u AflKmii CojiOMOBHqeB'B aau^BTu cbobm'b nui- 
Toiii> 17 Ropa6jieS orb H(BBaro ofbb EKTopoBa». 3aT'j^M'b cjiti^yerB raKoft pas- 
CKa3i>: MeBejiall H^erL bi> Tpoio, npocurB OT^aTb ElieBy; ecjiBdu Be UpiaMi*, 
y6Hjn>-6w ero IlapBCB. — FeKTop'b nopancaerb MBOHtecTBo rpeHecRBxi* bohbob'b, 
((B doBoiecfl rjiaca AxBjiJieeBa; b nou^^e Axajuieu ooai* cBOHM'b saaMeBieirb nx>o- 
TBBy EKTopy i^apio, h cocxacxacH b Bcxacfl aa pyKH b Be xoxibcxa cb 6bxb a-b xoft 
jifim>». — rpeKM 6epyxT> a-b bji^bi xoHb aPaMceyma nona*; 6orb Tedyrb Bacu- 
jiaexi} ae^yr^ aa rpe^ecKoe aoficKO. alloxoH'b »e xpoHBu ^epaocxau coxBopa Ila- 
jaHBAoaa caepxt, npBTyna Azajueeso cxpeMJieaie, jiio6flme 6o Axajuea. Ilaja- 
UB;^a B'kio a cere pa;i.a paara^Bacfl a ae xoxame aauxa Ba 6paab : J^acaeecb hb- 
cioxeBBBi} (OBu(T(reu; 6 viQdKOTv};?) xpaaame BeaaBacxb aa n&iaMa;i,a a o6ojra ero 
Ki, ^apell•b, bko xpohbomt. xoiuexr, ;^o6pa, a nodama UajiaHaAa aaMeaieirb (y 
^aKxaca II, 15 J^ioMBA'b a yjiaccb saaaaajia ero B-b KOJioAesb, r^t 6yAxo-6bi Ha- 
xoABJCfl Rjaji'b, a CBepxy y6aBaK>xi> ero RaaaBMB. Cj. Ov. Metam. XIII, 56 a Senr. 
Comm. ad Verg. Aen. II, 81). rope, RaROsa XBopama saBacxa! OaT» «e aa^e- 
cowe peRii, xo^iK) rjraroji'b cea : yfioraa acxaaa, xe6e njiaHio, xu 6o neps-fee 
aeae nora^e — a xaRO yupe. AxaiJiea me ramu,^ npoojiaRaB'b o aea-b a Be xoxame 
B3UXB aa 6paBb, a ox^ cero 6bicxb ^epsocxb Eaxopy a xoro noco()BaROH'b, a co- 
cxaBj[iBexi> aa Eijihbu dpaab RptnaopaxayK),. a naAaH)XT», BROHte Riacu, Tpeie- 
CRaa, captHb EijaacRaH xtjieca, a esepa RpoBeai} npojiamaca. H Moiaxy Axaj- 
uea noaxa aa 6paBb, a ae npeKioaaca, AOBAeace ydieBT. 6bicxb IlaxpoRjiie, ero>Re 
jooCname s-feab Axajuea, oxt» pyay RptnRyK) ERxopoay, a cie xoro npaayAa no- 
xema aa xpoflau: a3biAe y6o Ax^juea aa 6paBb, oraeai* Auxaa, a pasdaBaerb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPm POMAHA H HOMCTH. 77 

eAHHo6opcTBoEjeHyina, TIpiaMOBacbma, ci> TBBoypi;epoMT> (HHane: 
Micl. THBoyaepi, THBoyiepi, H.Co^t, THypuepT>=Teucer), fl^me- 
Bbiwh cbiHOHi> (HHaqe: Micl. AHiieoyii]eBi> cbiHi>, H.Co^. JifinfiBTy), 
KOTopbiH naAaerb cikoha, c(koh ca soBtme pora<i»apHHb, h jename 
Bb TpoBCKOMi npact noSATbdrbez wmz ChMphmumo cmpaica». (Micl. 
H.Co*.) yjiHCCb He ocMtjHBaercfl noMOib eny, noMoraerb Aakci. 
«H no TOMi HSbUoiD/V. rp'bqbCTi'H BHrean h BoeBOAbi noA'b TpoH h 
nocraBflni^ qpi>BeHbi sacTaBbi b 6tJbi^ TCHTbi h CTani;^ noA 
Tpo^» (ib.). CxpaHHbiM'b ocxaexcH HasBaHie TBByuepa — ^h- 
aeymeBbiM'b cbiHOM'b, KorAa ero fiparb AflKCb — TejaMOHBq^. Bt- 
poflTHO CMiraeHie ero ct> JI,ioMeAOM^, cwbomi Tydeus'a: *^Baeo- 
yma, *^tTeoynia. 

BMtcTO Bcero 3Toro bt> Pril. : «H bsba* BS'b Tpoe TpoBjym* 
IlpBtMymeBBm* a B3 rpiKe bohckc T'kpmmmeB BEvks h yApBcra 
ce cyjBueMaw. TpoBJfb y Micl. ae HasBaHij; B-b Pril. oht> HBjifleTCfl 
eme pa3i bt> anBaoA*, Koxoparo wkvh y Micl. h Ha Mtcxo koto- 
paro B^ nocjfeAOBaxejibHOCTB Pril. Mbi yKaateM^ Aajite. Bt> axoM-b 
3IIH30A* CHOBa HasBaj'b H Te[p]HCHTeni* = Thersites. — Borb co- 
Aepacanie paacKaaa: K)nHTep'b He Hejaexi, Hxo6bi Tpoa fibua pas- 
pymena h, HBHBmBCb ArawieMHOHy bo cnt, BejiHXT> eny oxcxynnxb. 
AraMeuHOHi 6'tmBTb co cbobmb, ho YjBccb bxi> ocxanaBJiBBaexi), 
Bopoqaexi> HaaaAi, «HxeHeHaTe[p]»Hxema 3ac*cxaBHBKa b yApH ra 



Dojncu H no6HBaeTB nepBo6opua. H naKH npHsuBaerB TIpiaMi* Ha domoiiu* Ana- 
30HiH (Gji. o uapHi;^ AiiasoHOK'B, neHTH3HJie'6, y A^KTHca ni 15, 16; lY, 2, 8) h 
naKH 6paHb Kpi^nKa, yMnpaiorB mhosh h on* Bd^xi* y6o nycTB fiucrb IIpiHii'B; h 
yMOjni TaHTiH (sap. TaaTaHifl; Dictys lY, 4: Tithonas), UHAtficKaro ^apH, h nocu- 
laeTB MHOHcecTBo 6e3*iHCJ[eHHO bohhctbo. HHAiHHe me bch <iepHOo6pa3HH, hzi> me 
BHA'I^Bme rpenecTlH boh bo cTpaHHuxi* apao.i^x'B h y6oHinacH oti> spana hx-b opy- 
mia, h on> sBi^peil ycrpamHinacfl, Hxik me Hh^ua kopmhtl. Honuio C^mtLTu huc- 
jiflxy H ocraBBTH TpoH, ho o6aHe onoi^Hmacfl ri* «iepHoo6pa8Hi>iM'B h hbaMcrhmh 
RpoBMH oHepBHinacfl, HuBifl H CKOMaHApoBU cxpyH o6paiuaxycfl RpOBMH. Bi* chxT} 
me Hacxa EuHHOirb Top»ecTBO, naie me h BapBapoMi* h Bci^M-b noKofi otb pa- 
Tefi h on> Tpy^^OB-B, h y6o E^JinHCTin, eme octk rpenecTiH, h TpoficRoe MHOHte- 
CTBO Bofi Boe^HHO cii'i^maxycH, h HHROMy me coa^ath HH<iecoH<e n HHRTome 
CHi^fltne, npasAHHKa pa^HD. (Cj. Dictys IV, 10: Solemne Thymbraei ApoUinis in- 
cessit et requies bellandi per indutias interposita?) GitAyeTi* cohi* EyTponin = 
AHApoMaxH H 6ofi FeRTopa en, Axhjaom'b. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



78 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfl, 

no rjiaBtw. PascKas'b aTort HanoMHoaiouUfi HjiiaAy (ntcHb II h IX), 
MeTaMop*03bi OsHAifl XIII, 216 cjitA., h Pindarus Thebanus v. 
110 cjitA., npoAOJacaexcrf ApyrHMT>: TpoH[jy]m npHtMymesHin* 
CBajiHJT> CT> KOHfl KoHiDTpaHeBTopa (=HecTopa), Koropbifi nanpacHO 
30Berb Ha noMOin.i> YjiHcca; OTeHjn* ero (tllajHMHAeH;* j^txeome- 
BHm», T. e. B'fepoflTHO ilioMeATb, cbiHT> THAefl, Tydides; PeKTop-b 

c6hJI^ Cb KOHfl yjTHCCa, KOTOpblfi JieJKHTb, mpo6AfhdThe C etbAUKUM 

cmpaxoMr> (c^. Bbime Micl. bt> 3nH30A'fe p THByaept); Aakci 
noKpbiBaerb ero UJ^,HTOM^, a Y^HCCb CfeacHTb, ocTaBjiflii ero B'b 
cfeq-fe. Cj. Ovid. Metam. XIII, 63 cj'feA. (rA*, Bupoieiw^, ntrb 
TpoHJia): 

Qui (sc. Ulixes) licet eloquio fidum quoque Nestora vincat, 

Haud tanien efficiet, desertum ut Nestora crimen 

Esse rear nullum: qui cum imploraret Ulixen 

Vulnere tardus equi fessnsque senilibus annis, 

Proditus a socio est. non haec mihi crimina fing[i 

Scit bene Tydides, qui nomine saepe vocatum 

Corripuit, trepidoque fugam exprobravit amico. 

Aspiciunt oculis superi mortalia iustis: 

En eget auxilio, qui non tulit; utque reliquit, 

Sic linquendus crat: legem sibi dixerat ipse. 

Conclamat socles, adsum, videoque trementem 

Pallentemque metu et trepidantem morte futura. 

Opposui molem clipei texique iacentem. 

BepneMCfl K7> nocJiiAOBaTeJbHOCTH Mid. : nocjit 6HTBbi Tponja 
Cb TepsHTOM'b Pril. CHOBa cxoahtca Cb HHifb; BtpoflTHO, noA'b Bjia- 
HieM'bynoMBBaHLaTpoHjia bi> opeAbiAynieMi aanaoA^ oht> BBeAeHi> bi> 
Pril. B'b nocojbCTBO YjHcca h Menejiafl B'b Tpoio aaEjieHofi^). Obo 
pascKasaHO KpaxKo: IIpiaMTi xoqerb oxAaxb Ejieny, ho BCxynaioTca 
IlapHCb, «AHitHaceui' h AnxBHopb h Onem*)) h qyxb ho y6HJH hocjiob^, 
Koxopbie H paacKaabiaaioxT* oxomx bi rpeqfeCKowb cxan*. — YMicl. 
H.Co^.jrAt Bi nocojibcxB* yqacxBywrb MeHejaii nyjiHccb, Hena- 
SBaHbi HH Ahxhsti, hh AHxeHopi, HB saraAO^HbiH «(5«6U(5», noflBJie- 



*) Cji. Dictys II, 20 cat a.: Ulixes, Diomedes n Menelaus H^yn, nocjaiiH. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POM AHA Q nOB*CTH, 79 

Hie KOToparo xeKcrb Micl. noaeojiHrL oC^acHHXb ^). FlocJit Toro, 
KEKt IIpiaMi 3aimrTHjn> nocjOBt otb yrpoai* IlapHca (Ov. Met. 
XIII, 202 — 2Q3: At Paris et fratres... vix tenuere manus), k-b 
nocjtAHeMy flBMexcfl 3H0Ha, «^ow€taa» Micl., Aii/Hnyraa, (WHHemb 
H.Co*. H ynpeKaen> ero: «u) Aje^aHApe, noMtan to3h, er^a asb 
TeqaxT> CBOHMa 6ocaMa BoraMa no MopcKOMoy ocxpoMoy ntcKoy Sea 
noKpHBajia oyc xBoero ojaBorpiiBtcTora npycaa, h ptx-b th: 
Aje|aHApe 4>apHacoy, HHHt ma jiiofiHmb, ' a no tomi np*iHAeTT> 
sptMA, KaKO MA xomemb ocxaBHTH. H xbi CA MB* Kj^ntme: He 
m^xe6e ocxaBHXH, erw jih xa ttcxasA, xorw CHasH ptna Aa noxeqe 
BbCHAXb (Ov. Her. V, v. 29 cjitA.)- Torbi BbSA Ejich^ i^apHi^^, a 
ueae ecn ocxaBHXb. j^a ce xoii](en]i> ca eA pa^H BejHKO Kp'bB'b npo- 
jnraxH noA'b Tpo^ (cji. ib. v. 120) h mhosh norbiCn^^xi,. A erw.xbi 
HAtme wb rpiKbi aa ABop6;?\ Menejaoy aapio, xorbi ca a37> MOJitxi) 
MopbCKOH BM-fe, Aa oycxaBHXT> MopbCKbi^K BJbHbi (ib. V. 57: Utque 
celer venias, virides Nereidas oro), la xbi HAemH cb BecejiCMb 
cpiAtaeMb; a Korbi Chxi BHAija, ^o;p.JI^ ch Ejien^ i^apHiv^, BAemb 
(H.Co4>. aKbAa 6bixi 3Hajia epe en nordjrb Ejieny aapnaioHHAeinb, 
xo) xo naKbi yMOjraja 6hx^ bhjt;^, xa 6hx/^ xboh KopoSjie noxoH;?\jie)). 
Ona HAexb npennpaxbcn Cb Ejenofi, nero yOBHAin ntxi*: wnoMtHH, 
erw xo Hbi xpa cfeA^xoMb bt> MopbCKOMi oxoai H AOBAe Te3Hmb 
Bi!xe3T> H B13A xe6e H3 MeacA^ nacb (Ov. Her. V, 1 27 CJrfeA., XV, 147 
cjtA.), HnoxoMixA e Bb3AJi;b Menejaoymb itapb, a cean ch Bbxpe- 
XHA nocxejA nptjuoSbi cbXBopHJia, a Mene Hsrnaja. ^a ce xon^exi 
CA aa fefie BejHKoa Kp'bB'b npojnaxH)). Cji. Bwme (cxp. 49 — 50) 
cooxBtxcxnyiomifi 3nH30A'b B-b BeneoiaHCKoft nontcxH o iohocxh 
HapHca. 

KoFAa nocjbi nepnyjiHCb bt> rpeqecKift exam,, aapH Aonparan- 
Banyrb «nona KaJiKamai), KaKi, imi> Bsnxb Tpow. Orn, oxB'feqaex'b^ 



^) Hjih OHeni'B — Enefi? y Cepeia AHxeHopt, Bneu u Helenas coetbmyTorm 
OT;UiTb EieHy; npoTHBop^>iHn> FeKTop'B, IlapHCB rposHTca y6HTb MeHe^an h 
yjiHcca, KOTopuxt cnacaeTb AHxeHopt (in Virg. Aen. I, 99, 242). Dictys II, 23, 24 
roBopHTB vb anflso;!,'^ o nocojibCTB^, HTO CTOpoey Ilapnca AepntaJTB Jinmb Ahth- 
Maxi* s= He AHTeHopi> jih Hamero TeRCTa? 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



80 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

«opi>Boe Tpt6t AosecTH AiiHjeema <l>epjemeBa ^) cbiea (Micl., 
H.Co*.; Pril.: ntjeymeeHma), h Apoyroe xptSt npHBecxH Ubjo- 
Tama neinqeBa cbiaa [c] CTpfejoio ra6woTo;?;^>. IlocxfeAHflro Pril. 
ynoMHHaioTi) Aajte, a ki> TpefiOBadK) npHBecTH AxeJia opncoeAH- 
Hflwrb eme cjrfeAywmee: «4 Stje kohg Pn^yma (Rhesus) Kpajia, 
KH ce Mory HanoHTH na ptiit IIInMopHmeBi, kh cy 6i>p3H KaKO 
BtTp', E KHn* riajtme rocnoe h nenej* JIaBMtAOHa BtiHRora h 
EjieHoyma npHtMyraeBHmaw. Micl. H.Co*. npoAOJiacaen>: «ao 
KOJt CTOHTb ^'fejio[HT>] Ha CTpa^t Ha BbicoKOMT> KacxejiH (Pril. Ha 
BHCOKOM* TypHH ^tjOH* Baxxapb) H o6pa3b MHHtpBe rocnoHtA/^ 
(cj. Pril. Bbime: khh* flajituie rocnoe) h ao Kojrfe cxoirrb KaMeHb 
BCJiHKbi HaA'b BpaxbD) (Pril. na kom* e necaHo KaKO hhm' Tpot 
ctoh)— Tpoa He 6yAerb BSflxa; Pril. npHfiaBjflex'b eme: «AOKjie He 
npHAt IlHjioxani* nean'oHHCHm* (Philoctetes Poeantides) [c*J cxpi- 
JTOM* H rafiHJOx, Ka Mopexa eAHCM* KaMCHeiw* 3 rypne paccnnaxHw. 
Cj. Ov. Met. XIII, 162 cjit^., 313 cjitA.; Serv. ad. Virg. Aen. II, 
13, 241 (novimus integro sepulcro Laomedontis, quod super^or- 
tam Scaeam fuerat, tuta fuisse fata Trojana); Cj. ib. Ill, 351 

(xo-He); II 166 (Helenus captus a Graecis est et indicavit 

coactus fata Troiana in quibus etiam de Palladio; cji. Dictys IV, 
18); III 402 (o <l>HJOKxext). 

yjiHCCT> HcnoJHflexx xoxnacb-SKfe utKOxopbia hst, axHxt ycjo- 
Bifi. Micl. ynoMHHaexT> xojbKo ero nepcA'feJKy ct> ^eJ0H0MT> h PeH- 
AeraeMb (Rhesus) h noxomeoie o6pa3a MHHepBbi. Pril. noApo6Hte: 

yjlHCCb «Bp»e ptM'feH He jtcXBHA* Ba BHCOKH XypaH* H BJ[t3i B 

TpoK) H yKpaA* Erfenyma y bhcokom* xypnt h khh* najfi^me rocnoe 
H nenej* JlaBMeAOHa BijHKora, h HCKame ^^jrona Bax*xapa h naiiAe 
ra cxptryn;* cxpaacy, h iM* ra HSBifeA* ox Hera Bcy xanny xpoHCKy 
H y6H ra xyA e. H o^^e ha* na Pyaeyma Kpajra h no6H ra h Apy- 
auiHy ero. H xy nom* yfin ^tjiona Baxxopa, UlapntAOHa, IJtepa- 



^) Cm. <t>epjieiiib bm. ^ejiemL, Ilejienib He toju>ko s-b Hamein* TCKCTt, ho h hi* 
cep6cRofi AieRcaHApiH no cnHCKairb xponorpa^a 1-fi pexaKi^iH, ex snnaoA'i^ o 
noc^n^eniH AjieKcaHApon-B Tpou: aopynde Ashjijobo, cuna OBJHpema i;apfl». 
Cjk. A. IIonoB'B, XpoHorp., Btin. I, cxp. 120. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POIIAHA H &OB«CTH. 81 

HOHa, IlHeAOHa, Ax^KTopa, Kpouyma, AKmaeApyma, napKaeynia, 
Kapontua npopoKa rh qacTH CBoeMy rocnoAHuy ue onuaAame. II b* Ty 
Hom,* y6n mhofo qacTBHx BHTt3H h sasaM* .4. Cijit kohh PH«yma 
Kpajia (cj. Find. ThebanusX 733 cxkjk.: multo candore uitentes— 
Thracas equos rapiunt; y Micl. : 6tjioro ^apH^Ra)^ h opHAt bi 
rpqKH CTaH* c BejniKHH noqTeHHeif*i>. Cs. am Bcero aroro anHsoAa 
Ovid. Met. Xin, 255 citn.: padCKasaB'b oCt yCieaiH Peaa h ero 
ApyHCHHbi H ooxHiueHiH KOHeft, yjHccb npoAOJisaerb: 

255 Qaid Lycii referam Sarpedonis agmina ferro 
Devastata meo? cum multo sangaine fudi 
Coeranon Iphitiden et Alastoraque Chromiumque 
Aloandrumqae Haliumqae No^monaque Prytaninqoe, 
Exitioqae dedi cum Chersidamante Thoona 
Et Charopem, fatisque iDmitibus Ennomdn actum. 

(fati8= TOCTH?). 

Il3i>aiiH30Aa oG^HCRaniH AxHJua, HaiAeHHaro Hsai^CTHOfi yjioB- 
KOH Yjracca, npHseAeMt JHmb HtKOTopbiH qepTbi. 3a HHirb nocbi- 
jiaiorb AflKca, ho ohi He yraAaxB cpeAH Ao<iepefi aapn KoeTbi 
(Mid. H.Co*.; Pril.: yheii npaia, Yery Kpajwo) Ha KajKaAHHO- 
BOM-b OTOK* (Micl, H.Co*.; Pril. Kojikob*; MaKjomHTb xojucyerb: 
KaX7>i8d)v, XaXx>i8<i)v) nepeoAtxaro lOHomy (ci. Ov. Met. XIII, 
163 H ej*A.: deeeperat omnes — In quibus Aiacem), Koxoparo 
yjiBccb npejbiuaerb fitibufb 4>apHHceMi> (Micl., H.Go<i».: PeHAeuia 
Kpajt), opyffiieifb h iiihtomi>, «bsl Koeiii> 6t nncaHO o6pa3x npo- 
crpaHuoro CBira, cj'bHbiie h MicAiti> h sBisAM h 6oypt h JiaROMbiH 
Heqb Opema Rpajt, roh BbcerAa Hejiaame TpoHCRbi^ Rpi>Be». 
rpel*T> (cxp. 273) cpaBHHBaerb Ov. Met. XIII, 291 h cjtA.: 

neqne enim clipei caelamina norit, 
Oceanam et terras cumque alta sidera caelo, 
Pleladasque, Hyadasque, immnnemqae aequoris Arcton, 
Diversasque nrbes, nitidumqae Orionis ensem. 

AxHJUi> CMorpHTB Ha ROHH, RaRi> corojh^ Ha nTHqy, XBajrarb 
opysie h II^r^b, a yjHCCi roBopHn* eiiy: aw dootcuna drteuw 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



82 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

(Micl.; H.Co«. 6omie AtsHi^e; Pril. Coac'i xmgi), He oycrpamaH ca 
wTb Tpo^^ oa^HAaerb Te6e Tpoa Ha pasopeHHe^. Cj. Oy. Met. 
XIII, 168 H cjiiA.: Nate dea^ dixi, tibi se peritura reservant — 
Pergama. quid dubitas ingentem evertere Troiam? 

yjHcci> yBOAfrrb ci> co6ok) AxHJua; na nym bi^ Tpoio, ohh 
npncraiorb Ki anpHAe»bCKHifi>» OTOKaifki fa^ 6him bhth3h FeK- 
Topa, CT> HHMH «coyjHqHHKT> <l>ejecnoBT>» (Aaorie TejecnoHi, 4>eje- 
noHi>). Axuxb yCHBaen* ero, «}Kepe6oHa BHTesa h CKaAPHiuHa 
(H.Co<i». CKaHApiona) h He^bCTHBaro iIepMiuHa», a AOib 4>ejiecnoHa, 
BpBHeHAy (Brisel's), aKoa 6tme Hanjrfena bt> TpoHCKaxi> CTpa- 
Haxix), BeAerb cb eo6oK) bi Tpoio. KoPAa ohh npnCbijH, pasBece- 
jHjnicb o6a i^tpn h B&ibMO^H, «(H bch oypoBe rpbUTiH h cpaoHHb- 
CTiB H KaaKiHCTiH H paroyHJTbctiB BHTesH. H TBoptme 6paHb 
iIeKTopi> Kpajb H HopaHcaame MHombcxBO rpiibCKbiHX'b BHresb na 
Bcticb AbHb, H HHOPbi^ BejibM.?JKe HOFoyCxfeame, H 6oame ca rjaca 
Ai^HjiemoBa» (Micl. H.Go<i».). 

B'b Pril. peAaKiUfl dToro dnaaoAa HtcKOJbKO Apyran: AxHin 
ySHBaerb «TejenoHa» h Ceperb ero ropoA'b, He CKaaaHO fa* h hh- 
Hero TOBfb, ^To OHii BHTH3b FeKTopa.* «Vl npemaAina Ha HepAemnu 
OTOKb H np*ecTa rpaAi) }Keji6oHa BBresa h ySncTa ra a .4. cHHOBe 
ero. H B3e AaeJHm* EpHneHAy rocny xiAep* }Keji6oHK) h BeAe lo 
noA'b TpoK) B xoTHHq*CTBO c*6t. H Baecra .6. rpaAH, HAynia ao 
Tpoe, H npHAOcra, nme ne 6txoy hh eAna npara rpoHCKa OTBopena 
ua pBaHK). H OHAt YpHKUiem' npBO Beiepe yrBepAH crpascaMH 
o6poBe H feA* OKOJiy hx* roBoparae BHieaeM*: OpyatHxe ce, h npo- 
mame: rpqKa rocnoAO, npHMtxe MyKy pBane BecejiHM* cpiteM*, 
He 6oHTe ce Ektopobc cHJie». 

rpefi<i»i (cxp. 273) BHAHTb B'b dTOMii dHHSOA'i^ cjitAbi Henpa- 
BHJbHaro HOHHMaHiH aBTopoMi Oy. Metam. XIII, 171 cjc&a.: 

Ego TeUphon hasta 

Pugnantem domoi 

Quod Thebae cecidere, menm est. me credite Lesbon, 
Me Tenedon^ Owysefiqwe et Gillan, ApoUinis urbes, 
Et Scyrum cepisse. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T, HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 83 

TelephoD = TejienoHi>, ^ejecnoHi>; Aajiie HadsaHifl ropoAosi 
(bi> KocBeHHbixi> naAe>Kaxi>), 6yATO-6ki noHATbi, KaKB mnmAn: 
Lesbon = 3Kepe6oHT>, Tenedon = CKBApioHi (!), Scyron = Hep- 
MOHi>(!), Cbrysen=BpHHeHAa. IIoAoGHaro poAa oiiihGkh BOdMomHbi, 
H0 3Atcb HCKajReHie npeAnojiaraercfl HacTOJbKa CHJbHoe, ^to npeA- 
DOJiOHeHie TOHAecTBa ABjAercfl coMHHTejbHbiirb. SaMtTHMi otho- 
cHTejbHO Chryse = BpHHceHAa, <rro Mbi oaeBAajni-6bi, bi cooTstr- 
ctbIh cb jiaTHHCKOH oopMoft HMeHH, PflseBAy? KOTOpyiO TOTqaCb B 
BcrptTBM'b. HepAemcnie otokh Pril. o6i>RCHflrb Koe-nro bi* 2fiowh 
dDB30Ai: no KjaccH^ecKOMy npeAaaiH) AxBJijrb ocaAHjrb ropoA^ 
Limessa h, y6HBi> MHaera, HeHHJCfl na Hcent ero BpHseBAt. Cji. 
raiUKe Dictys 11^ 17: Ceterum Achilles, hand contentns eornm, 
quae gesserat, Cilicas aggrediter, ibiqae Lymesum paucis diebos 
pngnando cepit. interfecto dein Eetione, qui his locis imperita- 
bat, magnis opibus naves replet, abducens Astynomen, Chrysi 
filiam, quae eo tempore regi denupta erat. propere inde Pedarum 
expugnare occepit, Lelegum urbem, sed eorum rex Brises ubi 
animadvertit in obsidendo saevire nostros, ratus nulla vi prohi- 
beri hostes aut suos satis defendi posse, desperatione effugii salu- 
tisque attentis ceteris adversum hostes domum regressus laqueo 
interiit. neque multo post capta civitas atque interfecti multi 
mortales et abducta filia regis Hippodamia. — Hippodamia — 
BpaseHAa JH^apera, Brises oTBtqaerb }Kei6oHy, bi> bmohh koto- 
paro orpasBJiocb, Cbixb Moacen>, — Lelegum (KOffbeKxypa HSAaxejia 
BM. Legeorum) urbem? 

Pril. npoAOJUKaioTb pascKaai cneaiajbuo ^pBHaAJeHa^^IMl> 
aroMy TeKcry 3ra30Aoui>: o est AraMeMHoea, erononbiTirl^ 6trcTBa 
HT.A., oKOTOpoiTb CKa3aH0 Bbime (crp. 77 — 78); Micl. H.Co*. — 
Bcrptqeft TeKTopa h AxHJiJia, KOTopbie pacxoAflTCH, noQ'kiOBaBmflCb 
H He aeejaa GHTbca (FbPril. ntrb). /I,aju>Htftmee coAOpHame Micl. 
H.Co4». pacnojiaraercH no CJtAyK>^^IMl> rjiaBHbiirb anB30AaM'b: 
1) PflaeHAa (Chryseis); 2) reKTopii h Ahkci; 3) IlapHCB h Mene- 
jafi; Pril. npeAcraBjaeTb hx-b b-b o6paTH0MT> nopaAKt; Mbi cofijiio- 
Aaein> nocjtAOBaTOJibHOCTb Micl. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



84 A. H. BEGEJOBCBlfi, 

TpeKH fiepyn bi natHi PHaceyA^ (Mid. H.Co<>.; Pril. KpH- 
weHAy: Chryseis), AO^b nona «PHaceoyraa» (Micl.; Pril. KpH^eym'), 
cjy»HTejH «Te6oyxa» (Micl. H.Co^.; Pril. neCyma); «h BHAtBi 
^ Araueni i^apb Jitn^ h KpacH^ bcjimh, h Bb3A a ce6e». PaarHt- 
BaHHbiH 6oni Hacbuaerb na rpe^ecKoe boScko Bejraicift He^yrb. 
c(KajKainb» roBOpHTb, mo noAyrb ne opeKpaTHTCH, noKa XpH- 
3eBAa He 6yAerb B03BpaDD(eHa (Pind. Theb. 55 cjiiA.)? ^'^^ Axhjji 
a A'i^jaerb (Micl. H.Co<>.; bi Pril. AraMeufHOHi), a AraMeMHoai, 
paacepAHBmHCb na dro, OTHHMaerb y aero «aeeH^) (Micl. H.Coo.; 
Pril. xoTaaqy, t. e. BpaaeaAy). Axajjrb oCasaeai a ae xoqerb 
6ojte BATB aa fipaab (Pril. npaGaajMerb: cca c^Atine y ma- 
Topt CBoeM* a ryAtme b rycjni)>); Kb aeiiy nocbuaiorb Yjiacca 
(Micl. H.Co<>.: a Taaoyiepa), «Bpt«eaA^» (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril. 
BpaHCBAa, BpaacEOBAa; cj. Ov. Her. Ill, 85 a cjtI&aO} ho ace 
aanpacHO. 

CitAyerb 6ofi FeKTopa ci> AflKCoifb; y AaKca aaMenb c<Koero 
HeHor^T'bABaBHTeaa ABara^TB» (Micl. H.Co4>.; Pril.: 14 loaaKa); 
Pril. npa6aBJHK)Tb o FeKTopt, too oai Hocarb cb coCoio aacaae 
orae a o6pa3* K)naTlpa Cora, uojiame aa to aaKo 6bi Moraj* npo- 
jLvkTB apB* rpqae Boacae a aax jiaA*e yM^aTai). reKTopi>, cGpomea- 
HbiH yAapoMi AaKca (Pind. Theb. 602 oitA), roaoparb: «atcTb 
ci>a oyAapi* cvti* rpbi^Kbiaxb oyAap'b, n^ ecTb Dpa»eaacKbixi> 
KpiiBlaM. KoFAa Ahkci> aaaaaJTb ceCa, owb noBTopaerb: aatca Tbi 
Kjovh rpb«ibCKbixi> aaresb, n/fx ca tu urrb npasaacKbi^ apiiBB, a 
Eweoaa (Hesione) rocnoHwa mh^ ecTb cecxpaw (Micl. H.Co*.). 
BiPril. AaKCiorpaHaHaaaeTCfl saBrlqaaieMi: «acT0 ecT Mara Mot 
ac Tpoe». FeKTopi Aaerb Aaacy caoft 30JiOToft noaci (TOJn>KO bt. 
Pril.), Ahkci eMy caoft 30JOToft uewb (y Pind. Theb. 630 CJtA.: 
FeKTopi AapBTb Aaacy 30JiOToft MOTb; AflKci Feaxopy noaci. 
Cji. Tr6jumannasaga cxp. 60 a apaM. 1: pan. B), HToCbi, acrpt- 
Taaiuacb a'b fiaxBt, pacno3aaTb a ae y6aTb Apyrb Apyra. Ki axoMy 
Pril. npa6aBjflerb: «0t* xyA* noaece Atam* .q. pan* y cbocm* 
o^Hxe, a xy noCa oxojora [UapneAoayma a 3acxaB* xpoacay, a 
y^aaa .1000. aopaCj* ox* »cBBtx* oraea* a oxnyAH caiae sacxasa 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nSl nCTOPIH POHAHA H nOB^CTH. 85 

OT* Kopafiaj* rpHKtxi ». CMepra CapneAOHa otb pyKH YjiHcca 
roBopHTb Bbime (cxp. 80) xoTB-He tckctb. 

TeKTopi nofiyayiaerb IlapHca doSth na 6oh (bt> Pril. HtTt), 
OHi cpaaceHi> MeHejiaeMi, ho Benepa cnacaerb ero, HaseAfl Mriy 
(Find. Theb. 308). Ejena BCTptnaerB ero cjiOBajuH: aBkxk roeo- 
pix THy DpoTHB^ HC RcxoAH MeHejaoymoy oapio, sane 6o e Doxpa- 
(5ep^ wrb Te6e (Find. Theb. 327 cjtA), a xw ecH no^i»TeHi> roc- 
noABHb H noAo6pi> nrpQE(i> HrpaxH a BecejiHin ca Ch rocnoHCAaMH 
(Cj. Ovid. Her. XVI, 253 cjtA.: Apta magis veneri, quam sunt 
tua corpora marti; Bella gerant fortes; tu, Pari, semper ama), 

BHAtxi 60, fZlKO TBOH HCJbTl'H BJaCH jeHaX^ Bb TpOHCKUlMb npact» 

(Micl. H.Co<i>.; a. Pind. Theb. 323). 

nllOTpHKOJiymb AOHWKl, KOH 6tme Cb HBWb (t. e. AxEJlOMl) 

eAHHO MJitKO caji^» (Micl.; H.Co^.noTpiiKOji*inb; Pril. IIpoTOKOJom* 
AOH^Hm*; Ilbin. naxpoKJii'e; cjl. Tr6jumannasaga 1. c. cxp. 44, 60: 
fdstbr6dir bans), npocBTb AxnjJia Aaxb euy ero opyacie h SHaMC* 
Hie, qTo6bi hohth npoTHBi> FeKTopa. «Sl oy6oa ca h eroBi> ^apnaci, 
H Ha^A 6t»caTfl, h naKbi spaTHBi) ca pe^e: HtcTb mh cpanoxa uirb 
Ao6pa BHxeaa oyMp-fexH© (Micl. H.Co*.). FeRxopt y6HBaexT> ero 
(cji. Pind, Theb. XVI) a npHBH3b]Baexi> kt> xBOCxy kohh. Bt> Pril. 
noApo6Hte: TpoBHUbi 6tryxi> nepcAi^ snaMenieM^ AxHJua, KaKi 
oBi^bi nepeAi> bojikomii, reKxopi> o6pan;aexcH ki IlaxpoKjy: 66pa- 

XHCb KO MHt, H — PeKXOpi KpaJIb, XpOHHCKaH ACCHBaa, eCJB MCHH 

no6beinb, oxBopeHbi xe5t 6yAyxi> TpoBCKifl Bpaxa. aA oh* mhoih, 
KaKo 6h no6traj*, Aa 6h [hc] nory6Hj* rjiac* AittJHnieB ». 

YsnsLB'h cMepxB IlaxpoKja, Axhjji^ nocbutaexi cKaaaxb PeK- 
xopy (xojbKO btj Pril.): «B3HecH ce, MHtj' ch, Aa ch mchc yfiBJi', 
KaB ch y6Hj* Hera Aparoro 6paxa IIpoxoKOjyma b bscji* ch ua hcm* 
MOO opyH;*e; xh e BMam njaxHXH. Btm* Ka cxa ABa A^xHOD^a eAan* 
cacau* cacnyja, ecxa ch fipaxa, h ome eAan* Apyroro wajOBaxH». 
Oht> nocbiJiaexTj k^ «MaxepH cBoen Tcxhuih rocnoacAB Bb EjBHbD) 
Cb Dpocb6oH npHCJiaxb CMy xaKoe-ate opyHcie, naKoe Aaja CMy 
npe»Ae. Ona HAexT> bt> ropy k^ «Bj*KaHoymy» (Pril. =Vulcanus; 
Micl, H.Cot>. KaJKaHoymy) Kosaqy, «noA kohmi 6i .x. MajibixT> 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



86 A. H. BECEJIOBCKli, 

AiaBOJX)) ^); ohi HsroTOBJflerb efl opysie (Pind. Theb. XVIII), ko- 
Topoe H nocjaHo AxHxiy. 6i> Ty eoHb Hceea FeKTopa, EsTpoina 
(Mid. H.Co*., Aajte: AHApo^Ia; Pril. AHApona; Ilbin. EyrponiH; 
Tr6jumaDDasaga 62, bi BapbflHraxi: Andronia) BHA^ja crpanmui 
coHi: 0yATO H3i TpoH Bunua aBejHKa MeqKa a h3i> rpi>%CRbiA 
BOHCKbi Benpi>», KOTopbiH H cpa3HJi> Meffi^kfjusy. Oea roBopvn> o 
CBoeMi> CHOBBA^Hin IIpiaMy, npocfl ero He oycKaTb ea citAyionuH 
AeHb FeKTopa Ha 6paHb. Ho ero ne yAepaaxb: ero npocHTb ne 
txaTb l^Koyna e AHApo4»ia h Ka^panApa h nojHKmeHa, Hcena 
Cpocaerb HepeAi> ero kohh MajiojtTHHro cbina, sacrynaerb euy 
nyrb OAtxaa bt> lepHbia pisbi (Micl. H.Co^.)- Bi Pril. ero ocxa- 
HaBJHBaerb IIpiaHi, nenbi npocTHpaiorb «Kp3Ha CBoti> nepeA^ ero 
KoneMi; AHApona o6jeKjiacb bi* aqpno pyxo» r npocTHpaerb nepeAi* 
ero <i»apHHceM'b ((Kp*3H0 6Bcep*H0»; oa Eicrop ce o6pHyB* no Kps Ht 
H HAe Ha pB*aHK)». — Y Micl. H.Co^. AxHJurb h FeKTop'b Bcxpt- 
naiOTCH, HO He CbiorcH, orjiaran 6oft ao cjtAyromaro aha; FeKTopT* 
y6HBaerb a. 3. oypOBi rpi>qbCKbixi>i>, a na ApyroH AOHb y6Brb 
AxBJiJioHi, KOTopbifi npHHOCBTb ero riio vb CBofi CTaHi. Bi> Pril. 
FoKTopi cpa3iijii ceMbcOTb qejiOB*KT>, mecxb rpeqecKHX'b ypoBi*); 
((R 6tme CBpraji* c Kona /|,eoueAe)Ra ^tTeymtBHu^a h BHAt na Hen* 
CBtT.10 opyacHe, HHcano 34aT0M\ h nornyB* ce Aepame ra». YeHxaro 
FeKTopa AxHJiJii npHBHsajii Kb XBOCiy kohh, npsBjeKi bi CTSiWb 
H nojoacHJTb BT> CBoeMT» maxpt. — CjitAyexi pa3CKa3T> xowAeuiB 
IIpiaMa Bi) cxaHi> AxsjiJia 3a xpynou-b cbina (cji. Pind. Theb. 



^) Cj. cxoAHoe npeACTaBieHie p <ffabrica fabrorumo, ynpaejifleMofi ByiKaeom*, 
BT> Yisio Tnagdali, ed. Schade, § 11. 

2) Cji. nun. 1. c. cxp. 313: «h b-b toh aghi. y6u EKTOp-b 7 ypOB-b rpe^ecKHX'b, 
e>Ke ecTb ceju^ub nojKOB'b, h sayrpa HSBe^e Ektop'l uapt h uana 6hthch co Axhj- 
jieeM-b, H eatxa Axhjuch EsTopa b, ydHBii, npo6oAe ero, r na^e iiepTBT>; u B3ein> 
ero AxMJijeH noHCce na cboh cTani*, noTOM-b-Hce pa.36HBaeTi> h hoiku, u no6H- 
BaeT-b paTo6opi^a. y6beBHy xce 6uBiiiy EKTopy Aepsocep^oMy, CTOJny rpoHCKOiiy, 
My>Ky TBHiKy u xpa6poiiy, bi* opyminx'B BocoHTaBHy, hsbu eocHiAy na nepci^xi): 
opeTKb AAHce ejJHHH He apHmjiH h cocraBBJu 6paHb, conjeraoiecH cen co lOHi^bi 
AubIhiih, — BHAtBme xce cie tpohctIh BeixoHia h rocno^ie, aaiama Htajocrao 
ojaRaTH, H B3fl ITpiflM-b i;apb aa ceCa EumjBM u xy^an puau h rycjH» h t. a. 
(ci'i^Ayioui.aH Aiute ci^eHa bi* maTp-b 6AH8Ra ki* HSJiOHteHiio y Micl.). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fI31> HCTOPIH POUAHA H UOB^CTB. 87 

XXIV). y Micl. H.Co<>. OHT> noApofiute, Htin> bT) Pril.: IIpiaMi 
oAteaeTCH HHiiiHM'b h cb rycjHMH bi* pyKaxii HAeTi> no rpe«iecKOMy 
BoftcKy^ cnpamBBaerb, rAt inaTepi> (Micl. H.Co4>. KaToyHi; Pril. 
maTop) AxEJua, aBOCb ohi> HaKopMHTi> ero arpimHaro h crpan- 
oaroD. nepeAi> maTpoMi ohi> nanajTB c<r/7;cTR bi> r;?xCjra acaiocTHo 
BejibMH»; ero naKopMHjni h npiioTHJiB; KorAa Bct ycnyn, oirb npn- 
HHHaercH HCKarb Ttjio Ckiea h bbahti ero Jie7RSL^^^M^ na nocTejB 
AxBJua, KOTopbiS cjbiuiflTB CTOHi> npBmejbi^a, cnpamBBaerb, kto 
0Hi> (Bi> Pril. ripiaMi naxoABTb rkio FeKTopa; «b dbke opBAe k 
nocrejra Ai^tjfloieBe b saqe rB6aTB AqtjBineM^ rjaroje: Ai^tjam*, 
Aa^JBrnoy rocnoAHHe! Pe^e Amijrani: Tao ecB Tbi?»). yaeaBi) 
ero BMB, 0HT> roBopBTb: «Ame tm ecB IIp'i^rdMoymb, to aai iutb 
crpaxa TBoero MpiTBi ecui>. H pene IIptraMoyuib: ae 6ob ca, 
rocnoAHfle, wvb MjaAa tofo nicMi cTBopBJii, Aa cnAma BHxeaa 
noroy6jA» (cjr. Serv. ad. Aen. I, 487, 11, 541). — Pril. Bocnoj- 
HBioTb 3Atcb 04eBBAHbifl oponyciTb Micl. : allpBmaji* cau*^ aKo mb 
Aam* Mera caea aa oTKyn*, ahm* te Tpa oaojaae crjine 3jiaTa»; ao 
AxBJui ae TOJbKO OTKasbiaaeTCH orb orayaa (3Atcb Micl. H.Co4>. 
CHoaa cxoABTCfl cb Pril.), ao a npcAJiaraerb OTaecra rfejio FeKTopa 
Bi> TpoK), (cao Btpt B KJiATBt IIptrziMoymeBt, Aa SApaso BbaaA^^ a 
naKbi BSbiA'^). Bi Pril. Axbjji> oraocarb rfejio a 3ar&Mi> BTopaqao 
npflrjiamea-b IIpiaMOM'b bt> Tpow, rAt a yOarb. Y Micl. H.Co^. 
aro CBCAeao bi> oabbI) pa3CKa3'b: IIpiaMi nparjianiaerb Axajja: 
wnoBAtB* Bi iip'bKB'b (Pril. Ilifiyina 6ora) kjatb ca Apoyrb Apoyroy 
3JI0 ae MbicjiBTB, Aa 6a c^ma cDcraBBjii) s-b Tpoa, a Aa tb BbAaMi> 
Mo*^ A'bmepb nojiaKfflea;?v (Pril. IIpojiBKraeay) rocnoacA^^w. Bi to 
BpcMH, KaKi> AxBJj'b KJBaeTCfl (Pril. npeA* ojTapoM*), Eitaoymi 
(Mid. H.Co4».; Pril.^IIapBac*) nopaaacTi ero bt> naTy baobbtok) 
crpikiOK), «3aae 6*6 aecb apMaTocaai, tojbko xoAaja ero 6e3* me- 
jt3a» (Micl. H.Co*^.). npiaMT> ropioerb, hto ero cjiobo aapyineao, 
iiocbuaerb caasaTb o tomt* rpeiecKBMTj uapaMi, a BMtcrfe b opy- 
»ie AxBJija a, no TpeCoBaaiio FpenoB'b, ero neneji bi> 30JiOTOM'b 
cocyA*. «H BBAtaraa uapt a ypoae ^p^>^TlB Aaaim^ ca, rjaro- 
Ji/Foi^e: \\) cBJio a cjiaao AuajiemoBa, aaao ta ae CbBseMtXi^ Bbca 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



88 . A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

rpaAH H OTOOiR, a HBHt eAHHb sMTb Kpb^arb H'i^CTb ta njiHio 
(Micl. H.Co*.; cj. Ovid. Met. XII, 615 cj^aO- Pri'- npoAOJiacaerb: 
aO Ilejeynie, o^e eera, kh BejHKy qacr* RMtme on* Hera, a caAa 
BejHKy HcajocT)). EjieHoymb Micl., y6iHaa AxHJiJia, ctohtb, Bt- 
poHTHO, no offlHfiKt, BMtcTO IlapHca PriL, rxk onpeA^JeHa h latcr- 
HOCTb: xpaMT> 4>e6a, KaKi y Cepsia (in Verg. Aen. Ill 83 h 321) 
H ^apera, rAt AxHJijrb yfiirrB AjeKcanApoMi IlapHCOMi in fano 
Apollinis Thymbraei. Y ^HKXHca yfiiiKbi: AjieKcaHApi* h ^ch- 
4>o6i> ^), KaKi> H Bi> rpeKO-cjiaBHHCKofi AjeKcaHApiH, e roBOpHTCfl o 
HcejianiH IIpiaMa BbiAaTb sa AxHJija nojHKceny (III, 27); dnH30Ai», 
Aasmifi noBOAi) AjieKcaHApiB ki> oco6oMy paaBHTiio^): AjteKcaoApy 

nOKaSblBaiOTB BI Tpot ^AHOe C(Kpb3H0» IIOJraKCeHbl, Ch KOTopofi 

o6pyqeHi> 6biJii> Ax0xrb, npeAarejibCKH y6HTbift noTOMi> bi xpaut 
AnojJOHa napHCOMi h ^eH^'OfiOM'b. Bi> rpenecKOMi^ TOKcrt Ajen* 
caHApiH, Hane^aTaHHOM^ muok) no B'i^HCKOMy cnHCRy ^), BKJioqeHo bi> 
3TorB anH30Ai> KpaTKoe ynoMHHanie o jiio6bh TpOHia Kh BpiseHAi 
no noBOAy en (xavxiXo, Koropoe noKasbiBawrb AjieKcanApy. Hobmh 



1) TaKT) H y Ilun., crp. Bli: «h npeKJiOHHCH Axiuieu lUflTHCfl, h Ty ce6e 
cKpu AjieKcaHAP'B ^apHH(i>, npiaMOBi* cuhi>, h J^hoobi, h ycTpi^jm AxHJuen 
fiAOBUTOK) cTp^oK) Bi* DHTy, saHeme 6iiicTb Becb BoopyHceH'b, TOHiio njitcH'i^ ero 
6e3i> Hcejfl^aa, h H36-ibroma Bovrhi AxvjijeH Hce naj,Ti Ba B3x.uzaHiH nocxi^Hem*. 
OmyTH 3Kb ciH J^HceBecB (OAHCcefi), aaAHine 6o cb hhmii, u ct> Huirb fljioreou-h 
(Bap. JJ^urioH-b, fl.ioren'b: Ji,ioue^'b7) h ilK[ai-B] TejaifOBflHHH'B: BKyn-i^ me y6o B-b 
AepROBb BCKOHHBme, otfp-l^Touia Kp'i^nKaro upofl, e>Ke ecTb AxHueH, jieMtaiua u 
KpoBMH o6juHHBa H yracma h e^a Aumyn^a h ABHJKyuut hsuk'b, h xoTHii^uMa 
OHHHa ero noKpuTHcn tmoio. ^kohco y6o BHA'^CTa ero, nponjiaKOcra, n udJOL^'h ea 
nepcH ero Efl[Rm'b| BejiBKin cb nja^eifb ro Axhjijick) pe<ie: pareirb paapymu- 
TCJio, HCDOJiHBe KptDRopyRiH, RTO nory6HTH TH BOSMOHce, jiBOHpocTHaro? OiTB me 
CABa nporjiacHB'b pene: y6HCTa mh lecTiio AxeRcaHApi> 4>apHXfb [u j^^hoobi*]; cin 
pcR-b H3Ai>nieo (cii. Dictys lY, 10, 1 1). Ero nenejrb OTAairb FpeRairb. A^i^Btfimifi 
pa3CRa3i> H^erb b-b raRofi noci^AOBaTejibBocTH : ERaiia orcbuaerb IIojM^kBopa 
R-b IIoJMiiBeii^epy (Bap. nojHBemepy); dOHsox.'b o Kon% B3flTie TpoH ; npHHeceaie 
BiHiepTBy IIo^iHRceHU Hydienie TIoiBMHeiucpa EKaMofI; MeHejaK BoaBpamaeTca 
Ch nodt^oil, opocTOHBTi noAi* Tpoeff 10 itrb h 7 ii'i&CHaeB'B. «H TaRO CKORHaca 
TpoBCRoe uapcTBO. HanHca me ooB'i^cTb o TponcROirb oii^BeHiH TBopei^'b OMRpi*. 
AxMjjieH me ceu 6t cuht* luipH Kaexbi, a hba^ oHiuerb ^upejiema*. 

2) Cji. Ha-b BCTopiH poMana h noBtcTH, bud. I, cxp. 204—5, 207, 446. 
^) Cji. 1. c. XlpHJOHtCRiH, cxp. 86. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSTj HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 89 

cnHcoETb rpeqecKaro poMaaa, naHAeHHbift mhoio bo <E>jiopeRi]iiH (cod. 
Laor. 1444, 6biBinm Ashbornam), CMtmaBi> BpBseHAy ci> Ho- 
jWKceHOH, roBopHTb, HTO fl3i>*3a nepBOH y6Hn> 6bijii Axhjjii. 4to 
citiiyerb wjrfee, npHBOHy no ^lopeHTincKOMy cnHCKy, npeACxa- 
BMiomfiMy SAtcb HiKOTopbM OTJHqiH (b pacnpocTpaHeeiH) npoTBBi 
BtHCKaro: «xat orav iitapdv] yj TpcodcSa aud toO(; ^'EXXyjva^, auTrj 
ea^flCYTQ fik '^^v Ta<pov toO JVj^tXXico^ xai aiteiavev xai co^ elSev t6 
poOj^ov ixsTvov 6 JVXe^avSpo^;, uoXXa tdv EuofJiiTsv xai exaOj^vio-ev tyjv 
TifjLYjv Tyj(; Y^vaixic; £X£tvYi(;, t6 ttcS^; xadapiv to^ov xat evsiriTTeu- 
(jL£vy)v aYaTajv expaTYjo-ev irpi^ 'civ JVj^iXXea, ouou ei^ t6v xoajjiov 
oXov aXXv] (jLia yuvaTxa ob^iv euotyio-e TeToiav i(jLiTt(TTO(T0vY]v, xaJ 
TcoXXa TYjv £7uatv£o-av oXot, ort 6 XjriXXsO^ auedavev xat odjvr\ oXovoO 
civdpwTrou oOS^v yidiXyjcre va ysvy] y'^^^^^*- ^^^ ^^''^^ ^ BpiweKSa 
(= IIojiflKceBa) eJc; Tiv xa^ov toD i^j^iXXicoc; orav ecT^ayYlv 6 Paot- 
Xeu^;* A^^tXXea (jlou xai Xeovra, ouoO ot TpwaSiTat^; airo tov ^o^ov 
aou sTpofxa^av, tzGx; iyda yj adXta va uToiYaivco et^ ^evov totuov; 
OTTOu IfTOLij audevTY] (JLOU XeovTouapSe ; Stat' ifjieva ex^^^? xoXXiov 
t6 alfxa (JLOU va usot) £t^ t6 (jLvfjina aou xai ey^ aTtfxov va Tzidia 
xovra aou irepi va ysvco J^ovxavyj xai va iTuapco fiXXov fiv8pa». TaKT>, 
Bi cyn^HOCTB, B Bi> cjaBHHCKOM'L oepcBOAt; BtHCRifi TeKcrb Hapy- 
maerb sA^cb Bne^aTitHie i^tjiocTHOCTB b KaKi>-6bi npoTBBoptHBTb 
noxBajaMi, pacTo<iaeHbiMi AjieKcanApoMi b^pboctb IIojiBKceHbi, 
npfl6aBjiHH CBiA'i^Hie o tomi, KaKi oua 6bija aaiuaBa IlflppoAfb ea 
rpo6t OTaa. Ustj KaKoro BcroHBBKa saBNCTBOBaHi aeoCbiqabiB pas- 
CKa3i> AjieKcaHApiB o CMepTB IlojBKceHbi, n ne 3Hajv, Tenepb n na- 
raejTb ero bi 4>BJ0crpaT0B0Mi JKBxiB AnojiJiOHiB TiaacKaro 1. IV, 
c. XVI: OHa (IIojraKceBa) ynepja na Moefi rpofiBBiit, roBopBrb 
AxjuAjn^y HO He rpeKH saKjajH e6: ona caMa no cofiCTBenHofi bojtI^ 
nomjra na CMoprb, 6pocBBinHCb na Me^b, wTo6bi BOSAarb ?ecTb na- 
men jiio6bbi> ^). 

yjHCCT» B Ahkct> coopflTb o6i opyaiH AxBJiJia. Pril. oTKpbi- 
saerb ary cufiny xaKHMi ofipaaoM'b: «H cjBma to BHyK* Taxa- 

^) «<i9aYYivai 81 auTY)v oux ^"^^ '^^^ Axaicov, iXX* exouaav im t6 <y^|jia eXdou- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



90 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

HymeB' '), KaKo ce xon^era OBa nptra, h omyAi flxi, ee xort 
BMa mKOAHTH, H pene rocnoAt cecn peAoii' npa CBoeii* CTaay i 
noBCAa hm' cja* pasyva. Focnojia ctA'i^xy, a npocni 4k>ah HBaioH 
craxy OKOjy». 

y Micl. H.Go^. roBOpHTb Ahkcb («iiu rpi>%CTiH oapHe h boj- 
M/^ruse B ypoBe capaKBHbcrip b RaaKBBCTBB a najariflcriB b payajik- 
CTiB BflTe3B»), HfbCfcoAMco pa3i> HopeAyBCb (Tb YiBccoirb} npB Hewb 
Ka»Abift ccbijaercH ea noABBm, BM'b coBepmeBBbie b yaoMBByrbie 
wb npeAi>Hjiymeirb BdJOzseHiB. Fpei^^i yKaaaxb aar dToro OTAtja 
ABi napajuejB vh Ovid. Met. XIII, 24 cjtA. h 386 (utA. — 
Bt> Pril. B34o«eHie coBciMi Apyroe: AaKCi b yjraccb roBopBTb 
KaHAUB 00 odnou pb^B, noxBaibfibi noABBraHB no^mi ntTb, bjb 
ynoMBHaroxcfl ee xt, tto y Micl. Cj. Ov. Met. XIII, 1 — 381. 

«II BCTa AiKm* TejieMyBBo;* b rjieAa no roenoAt apryjtB*CKOB 
B pene: Obm^, kojbko TemKa BMaM* npeA Kopa6jB rp*HRiMB! (Ov. 
1. c. V. 5— 6; agimus, pro Juppiter, inquit, — Ante rates cau- 
sam). ypBKmem* yni jtno roBopBTB esBROM* a CTBopoM* hb pyKOMa 
Be Mope ce pBaTB sa KopaCjie rpqici, KaKO t, AtKin* TejieMOBflni*. 
rp^Ka rocnoAO, noBtBTe npaBO, KaKo t npBAOX* na Bamy noMont' 
c* .30. KOpaCJB (dTO BanouBBanie ecTb b y Micl.). TocnoAo rpHKa, 
Be noMcne k^jl cbobx npfeM^, bb CTe e bba^jb, npeA BaMB csm hul- 
BBJ (1. c. V. 13 — 14: Nee memoranda tamen vobis mea facta, 
Pelasgi, — Esse reor; vidistis enim). TocnoAo, p'otxe, Aa *bb 
ypBKmem* CBot Atjia, Ktu* cy cb'Iaoiib Ka e yqBHBJi*, a b bou^i 
npecTpferaji* e crpaaBBKa /I,ejiOBa (Lev. 15: quorum nox conscia 
sola est). FocnoAO rpHKa, cyA^Tc npaBO, AaBre hb to opyH*e, no- 
Meflixe Aa t nonecox' y mocm* mBxe .1000. pao* (1. c. v. 119: 
Mille patet plagis). Hn;e, rocnoAO rpqua, Aa 611 to opyH*e yntjio 
roBopBTB, ae 6bx* ra t npocBj , Aa to 6b Mene npocBJo opys*e 
(1. c. V. 97: Atque Aiax armis, non Aiaci arma petuntur). OrpiKa 
rocnoAO, t Bac* npomy, AaBTC mb to opymae, t yMtn* m hbm* 
noTreao xoahtb. rpwa rocnoAO, * bsm* npaajw, xejan* AaiJiB- 



1) T. e. TaHTajymeB'b: AraiieiiHOHi> cuhi> Atpoh, BHyKii Xlejea, DpaeRyK-B 
TanmaAa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



• 
H31 HCTOPIH POM AHA fl DOB^CTH. 91 



meB*, KB e or* npe^BCTora siaTa, He Mope cxaxH na YpHKineineBi 
nxImBBOH rjaBt (cj. Micl.: HeAaBaHxe eOypeicinoy Ha njiiiiiHB^>f^ 
rjiaB^) H Hera cyiHi^a ne Mope craTH ooa jia»HBy MBmi^r YpHK- 
meBy, Ka ce e nay^Hja qecxo pBaHW xpntxH (ci. Ov. I. c. v. 
105 — 109). rpwa rocnoAO, KaH cmo yHHHHJH pt'l^io, yHHHHMo e 
HcxBopoM*, piJitxa xo opyHCHe Bptiaa uaxpoHCKa Bpaxa: kh e Bsane 
MtB HaMa, xoMy 6yAe (1. c. v. 121 — 2: Anna viri fortis medios 
mittantur in hostes: Inde iubete peti et referentem ornate relatis). 
H ptme rocnoAa: xo 6h opaBO 6hjio, ap* 6h HaM* opes* rpi^xa. H 

AtKffl' AOrOBOpH CBOK) ptH*. 

H B*cxa YpHKinein* na pW cboh) h none xhxo roBopHXH| o6pR- 
can* o^iH CBOH h h rjieAae no rocnot, b BSAaxnyB* pe4e (1. c. v. 
125 — 7: Astitit, atque ocnlos paulum tellure moratos — Sustulit 
ad proceres, expectatoque resolvit — Ora sono): FpiKo rocnoAO, 
He 6yAH B xoM* AtKmt KopncxH, Ka e Mone ncoBai* he Mant mKOAt. 
3a-H' HHrAop* He Mope ox CBoe AoCpoxe noC'ferHyxH (I. c. v. 139: 
bona nee sua quisque recuset). aKO 6u AOfipoxa na UHt 6Hja, cyM- 
Hen* 6hx He6HJi*: o6a CBa OAne njieMen^n^He (I.e. v. 143: totidem- 
que gradus distamus ab illo, x. e. a Jove), flfi aKo hho o^'^^IHe 
HtMau^ c* Ai^tjiBmeM^ 6pax mh ecx b 6paxBHa opy^Bt npomy. Jlfl 
aKO ca AtKm* npaBH cBoe AoSpoxe BBxessacxBO, a Mot e Ao6poxa 
MyApocx*. Fp^Ka rocnoAO, Mot wyApocx* Bome ecx* Ban* noMorja y 
BamBx* HeBOJiax*, nepe AtKmeBO BixoHcacxBO. Pp^iKa rocnoAO, ko- 
jiHKo BeK^ma ecx MyApocx ox* BHxe»cacxBa, kojihko e Kpaji* Benin 
ox CBora BHxesa (1. c. v. 366: quantoqne ratem qui temperat 
anteit — Remigis officium, qnanto dux milite maior, — Tantum 
ego te supero). Ta* 6txoxe bh oxojh BHxesH, rAa ne CMtxoxe iiapy 
HH oAHy piq* ptuiH, r*Aa 6tnie ox* MOpcKe bhio cp*Aa npHnua k na- 
meMy jHiiy h BMtxoxe noniHyxB y oxoi^t? H npnmaA* yKpoxHx* aapa 
H npHBOAOx* nera xu^ep* h oxKynBx* Ayi^e, aa h^ 6yAy acene name 
BAOBHue : xo can* mok) MyApocxK) noMaraj* BaM* y Bamnx* nenojiax* 
(3X0 ynoMHHaHie ecxb h y Micl., ho Hnaie pascKaaaHHoe). rpiKa 
rocnoAO, nocjacxe AtKma HCKax* AntjHma, h ho Mope ra navxH; h 
noHAOx* if HanpaBHB* moh Kopa6aji* pyxoM* h opy»HeM*, h uanAox* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



92 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

AaiJHma (ecTb h y Micl., ho wb huomi TeKcrfe) h nejax ra Ha 
MomHora Tejienona cyj!H^*HHKa, n y6HCBa ra h B3ecBa rpaA* ero b 
jnwkx 6 (e) Bsecea ao Tpoe, h a;HBa ra opHBeAox k saM* (cj. Ov. 
Met. XIII, V. 171 CJtA.; cji. Bbime, cip. 82 — 83). Fp^Ka rocnoAO, 
xomy Aa mh mere »cHBa Mcra 6paTa Ai^tjiHma, Aa ch ra HHsa no 
craBJK) TA* can' ra B3eji*». TaKt KOHTOeTCH bch 3Ta ci^eHaHyMicl.: 
«AaAHTe ero wnt, cano Aa uirtBeA/s^ h nocxaBJA, ta* xoro CMb h 
B3AJi>». — Uaps HBoeBOAw HypoBe, cuAtBinie «BbKoynt» (H.Co*.; 
Micl.: BbKoyjt), pfemaiorb oxAaib opyatie YjHccy (Micl.); BiPril. 
OHH ccbijiaK)TCH opH aTOMi Ha ero nocj'lAHiH cjiona: c(oh* ra mmsi 
opHBOAe K HaM*, a epe e yC'en, mh ra acHBa ntMano na Aara, a 
opyw't cy ocrajiai). 

AflKCi yCHBaerb ce6H (Ov. Met. XIII, v. 386 oitA.)) a yjiHCci 
ycooKOHBaeT'L 03Jio6jeHHbix'b rih'b uapen o6imaHieMi> — B3HTb 
TpoK) xHTpocTbH). Pril. TOTiaci npHCTynawTTj KiaxoMy paacKaay, 
BT) Micl. H.Co^. roBopHTCfl nepeAT* rfeM^, hto flKoyna, npeABHAa 
naAenie ropoAa, oxcbiJiaerb cbina CBoero IlojiHABopoyma (Polydo- 
rus) Kb allojiHHeiiiepoy KpajK)», hto aapHJi ano Bcen naraHH» (cj. 
Ov. Met. XIII, 430 H cjrfeA). CyAb6a IlojHAopa AOCKasbiBaeTCH 
BHOCJiiACTBiH, yHce nocjh bshtIh TpOB; trk^ h b^PHI., noMtman)- 
meM'b OTnpaBjeHie IIojHAopa bt> ApyroMi Mtcrfe. PascKaai 3Ton>, 
cTaJio 6biTb, 6hwb pa36HTb na ABa annaoAa y^e bt> opHrnnajit no- 

BtCTH, KTi KOTOpOMy Micl. H.Co*. BAtCb, BtpOHTHO, 6jHHe. 

((H nocja (YjiHCCb) no nHjroTama n[e]aHi]iBH;Hiiia, h npHAt 
Hoce CTp^jy raCtioBy, Ky Mopame cahcm* BAapaew* xpn xypne 
pasBaJiHXH^ (Pril.; y Micl. H.Co*. Etrb), CjrfeAyexT> paacKadi o 
B3HxiH TpoH XHxpocxbK) YjHCca (ho MHtHifo Gxeif a, cxp. 276, no 
Aen. II). KoHb CAtJaHi mi> m^ah, cxeKJia h BOCKy (Micl. H.Co*.; 
Pril. h3t> Hepnaro cxeKJia) h ocxaBjen^, xorAa KaKi rpeqecKie ko- 
pafijiH CKpbijfflCb ABi mHMOHmeBix'b 6pt3tx^» (Mid. H.Co4>.; Pril. 
3a CHPHCKH dptre); ixo6bi bbccxh kohh wb Tpoio, HaAO 6bijio 
ftciiTjitu^H Kaweflb, H3Ke etrae naA'b Bpaxbiw (Micl. H.Co*.; Pril. 
npBfiaBJiHeTb: aiia kom (5tme nncano: AoRje xa KaMCH* cxoh, nt 
pacBnannt TpoH«). Bhxh3H, saKJiWHCHHwe bi koh*, BbixoAflxi h3t> 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



031 HCTOPIB POMAHA nOB^CTH. 93 

Hero, Bi> dTO epeMa noAcrynaerb h rpeqecKoe boScko, <ai Ha^Ain;;; 
cto^B xpoHCKbi^ BHTeabi, a ApoyibiA H3iieTain;f; B'b Mope» (Micl. 
H.Co*.). Pril. Aaerb jHmmfl noApo6HOCTH: aHBseme boScko xypHe, 
a IlHJioTam* xHTame cTptjy raCtjioBy h paafiBime no Tpn Typae 
CAHeM* BAapaeM*. Gime HaHHHHj\ KaKO lo oner' Bpanvtra. H 
Bstme TpoK) -kiOM* h Bproiue AOJie c BHCOKora xypna Au^HHa 
HiKama EKTopoBHoia, b oHAt croe rieAame oi^a CBoera, KaA'i^ 
xotme Ha pBaaio^). IIpBtMym* Kpaji* c eAoy qecTHio norBGt, a 
TpoflCKe rocne aa Biace Bjia4axy». IlapBca b Ejeey npBBOAflTb Kb 
MeHeiaio; OHa roBopHTb My«y: «u> rocnoABne Aapio, xw (Jbicxb 
BADD(e KpHBiy HCMoy MCHe ocTaBB ch Ajie|aHApoMb ^apB^eoMi, Aa 
Mene CBOBArb neBtpbCTsoMb nptBapB»? (Micl. H.Coo.; Greif. cxp. 
277 craroerb Ov. Ars am. II, 365 cxfeA.) MeHejiaft oxBtiaerb: 
aw rocnoABHe EjieHo, Aa b^cb, mko ufxi cejB Aa cbXBOpA asb, Aa 
BHb HBKxo xe6e He nptBapBxi hb nptjibcxBxi>o (Micl. H.Co<».; 
Pril: arocnoe, npte cb nosHajia Ttaceyma xvipa^ a caAa IlapBaut 
AjieKcaHApa; nipa xb e mo-^, KaKO na xo He npBAem*). On'b sejBxi 
oeoBMi) ycfeqb rojiOBbi ^). 

Micl. H.Co*. cooCmaexi aa xtin> KpaxKO 061 ydfeqeniB Ilo- 
jraKCCHbi na rpo6i AxBJiia; FeKyfia Aocxaexca na aojik) Yucca 
(Ov. Met. XM, 483 catA), Koxopwfi b ynoaBxi e6. Me»Ay TfeM^, 
yanaBi naAeHin TpoB IIojraMHemepi (Ilbin. id.) y6BBaexT> IIojb- 



*) Ov. Met. XIII, 415cjtA.'. Mittitur Astyanax illis de turribus, unde — 
Pagnantem pro se proavitaque regna taentem— Saepe videre patrem monstratom a 
matre solebat. 

*) B'b HcnaHCKOM-b poManct (Wolf y Hofraann, Primavera y Flor de Romances, 
II, J^ 109), VM,^ IlapHCi* yojieKaerb Eieny xuTpocTbio, oht> o^hh-b u aaKaaaHT*: 

tres pascuas qae hay en el a&o 

le sacan & justiciar, 

s&canle ambos los ojos 

Los ojos de la su faz, 

c6rtanle el pi6 del estribo, 

la mano del gavilan, 

treinta qnintales de hierro 

& sus pies mandan echar, 

y el agua hasta la cinta 

por que pierda el cabalgar. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



94 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

ABopyma (Ilbin. IIojHABopi), KorAa npHCTaiori) rpenecKie KopaCjra, 
H FeKyfia, BbiHAH ci> bcapomti sa boaok>, uaxoAirrb Tpyni cbma. 
KopoJiH, BbimeAinaro ki TpoauKaMi>y qroSbi vxi yrtinHTby ost 
yfiHsaiorb uoHcaMH h caMH no6HTbi KaMHAMH. <(0 BbsspaTH CA i^apb 
MeHejaoynib ci BctMH rpiKbi ci> BejnrKO^ ^bCTHA^ crodsme noA'b 

TpO-V. .i. jfexO H .3. MtCAUb)). 

Bi Pril., nocji yfiieeia IlapHca h EjieHbi, pacnopHAOKi> Apy- 
roft: npiaMi) (y»te yfiHXbiH, cj.Bbime93) OTCbuaerb HojiHABopyma 
IIojiHBemTopy Kpaiio, KOTopwH yCHBaerb ero. YjiHccb yBOSHTb 
FeKyfiy ki> CBoefi MaTepn. ad KaAa npHAome, KaAt 6tine rpo6* 
Ai^tjiHineB*, H Bcxa AA^jram* rneBOM h peqe: Ako mh ee A^crfe 
npojHKmeHe rocn'fe b'l HcpTBy, xomy BaM* mok) cpAy pasfiHTH 
We seiiJiK). 3a-H* Ctrae piKai*: Ako 6yAy hchb', Aa mh e aceHa, 
aKo yMpy, Aa hh e sepTBa. H BsaMme BBTi3H IIpojraKnieHy rocny 
B neiame lo na rpo6* Aiitj[HineB*. H pene IIpojDiKineHa rocna: He 
DoxHryHTe BHrfesH sa Moe tI^jo, hh eAHa pyKa et Ka MHe noxHTua 
pasB'g Maxepe Moee; aRO m noxHTHrt, He 6yAe «pTBa o irae ceny 
Bwrbay. A caHa CBHtme jLemBnufi okoji* ce6i Kpua, Aa 6h He bh- 
A'feJiH Tfeja ee (Ov. Met. XIII, 447 cji^a.)- H yCnme w, h npHCxame 
KopaCjiR Kb TpaiviBCKOMy OTOKy K rpaAy, KaA'b 6iaie IIojHHeniTop 
Kpaji*». FeKyfia Bejran> Aaxb cee* BeApo, «Aa ch yMHw cjb* ot* oqiio 
MoeK)9, HAerb ki> 6epery h bhaht cbiaa, c(npo6oA'i^Ha b Mopy, h nne 
rocnoe BsaoHme rjacom*, a ona oHCMi h 6t noAo6*Ha k MpaMopy. 
naKH HaocTpHBiuH ce cpAy, no<ie pyrn, KaKo jiaBHua, Ka 6tuie 
ocnptjia n^eHertM* nocj[tAyK)iiiH jOBi^a CBora. H npHAome doa 
rpaAb noiEHemrpoB' h HsasBame IIojHHemTopa Kpaia, b npHAi 
K HEM* H pene: Poena ^Kyna, Kan ch Aajia cxpanHTB cbohm* cuhom*, 
TO e cxpaneHO, a chh* tboh hhb* ecr*. A ona MaHeHOBame o nera 
' jiaacH, KaRO 6h Horjia npHTH k Heny. H ckohh k Heny h saBpxe 
pyKaMa CBOHMa 3a nera BJiace h Bp«e My o^ Ban . A H3 rpaAa 
nycTHma KaMeuHe h no6Hine xe bch rocne. — A Fpi^ npHAome ao- 
mob' cKOfl'iaBme Tpow sa ,10. Jitx h .7. M'fecti^eBS). 

TaKi KOHqaexcfl xokcxi Pril.; bt> Micl. = H.Co*. cjitAyexi 
en^e HpaBoyqHxejbHoe 3aKjiK)qeHie. «0 xaKO CKOH<ia ca xpoHCKoe 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIB POMAHA H nOBlCTR. 95 

KpajeBbCTBO nptHCAe poag^bCTBa XpBcroBa ea .t^. ji^tb eflAtKTBiDHa 

.3-rO., H TaKO 60rb CMtpterb BbSHOCAIIlHlLl CA H CiMA He«IkCTH- 

Bbixi> norpi^fiflTb, rziKone npopoKb npOBbSBtcTH rjiaroJA: BHAtxi> 
HeHbCTHBaro npiBidHOCAo^a ca h BbiCAii^a ca h memo haoxi>, h He 
o6ptTe CA MtcTO K TOMy, rdKO 6orb npaBeAeHi h npayA^ Bh3Mo6vL 
a DA^TB HeHbCTBBbix'B DOTp'&fiH, fl cBoeA Mbimi^eA rp'BAbiM'B npo- 
TBBBTb CA, a npaBO xoAAQ^Hifb A^eTb fijiaroAtrb, h He jnimBTb 
Ao6pa xoAflnpix'b He3Jio6o^x>. 

3aKjno<ieHie npHHaAJe^BTb, 6biTb Mo^ceri*, cjaBHHCKOuy nepe- 
cRaII^IKy, He HameAineMy Apyrot oq'&hkh a^ noBtcTH, fa^ tobo- 
pHJOCb qecTH H «ABop6t», cooTtoisie b noABBraxi>. CrpaHHO 
TOJbKO, ^TO Bce 3T0 DOABOABTCfl HOA^b o6ii^ee noHflrie ropAbiHH h 
BenecTifl, KaKx bi pyccKOMi* JlyuBAapiB Tpoa 6yAT0-6bi naja sa — 
BOjnne6cTBo: orauoac'b 6biJ0 npeBejiBKoe TpoHHCKoe aapcTBo; bjio- 
MepscKoroHCb paAH BOiXBOBanifl pasopBCH nonyuieHieArb 6osifl 
qyAOAtficTBa B Bi KOHeHHyio rB6ejib ocyncAeHO, hko oTHioAb TaMO 
HtcTb HEjnuD^a iejioBtKOMi>, HO AHBie SBi^pie b SMieBi TaMO oohch- 
paKXTbM '). RiBHce 6biJO-6bi pasBBTb HpaBoyiBrejbHbift MOueHTb, He 
pa3i> noBTopflioniiHCfl bi TeKCTt: o asjioft HceHio, Hsi-aa KOTopoft 
norfl6ifl HapoAbi h i^apcTBa. 

3to — jioGHMaH TeMa cpeAHeBtKOBbixi BaraBTOBi, KOPAa obb 
poBOpflTB naAeiuB TpoB. 

Caasa rei talis meretrix fait exicialis 
Femina fatalis, femina feta malis, 

noerb oabhi> ns-b hhxi, o6paiiiaHCb ki> Ejieni^); 

Causa tna pene quid agebas, predo Laeene? 

oCpamajiCfl Apyroft Kb IlapBcy: 

Fellis erant plene, qae placuere gene. 
Venus inmitis, o dira noyerca maritis, 



^)C2. FaxaxoBii, HcTopin pyccRoft xHTepaTypu I, CTp. 404. — Hnoe o6bh- 
Henie y Giraldus Cambrensis, Descriptio Cambriae, 1. II, c. 7: KoacTaHTHHi* 
BejiHKifi aTrojam reaedificare proponens, ibique orientalis imperii caput erigere 
Tolens, audivit banc vocem: Vadis reaedificare Sodomam*. 

*) Wattenbacb, Ganymed und Helena, b% Zs. f. deutscbes Alterthom XVlU, 135. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



96 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

radix litis, cur mala tanta si tie? 
Venus effrenis, permiscens mella veneuis, 

Fel latet in venis, melle pernncta venis. 
Hii mores Veneris, byemem legit emola veris. 

Hie quicumque seris, vomere saxa teris. 
Urbs ita sublimis, ita pregnans rebus opimis, 

Urbs domina in primis, iam sedet orba nimis ^). 

TpoH norH6j!a aHeHbi pa^H HtKbiK IGjituoyme (eap. Ejieubi), 
Kpajrd jiaKKAOH*cKaro (nap. jai^eAeMOHCKora) Me[He]jreoyina)), roBO- 
pHTCfl Bi» TpoflHCKOMi> anH30Ai rpeK0-cep6cK0Jt AjieKcaHApin; orb 
HeiTbHAerb B3e sjo: anpbBtK 6o Aabml memio npejibiDTeHb 6biCTb 
H naAC, BejHKbiH h Kpi;n*KbiH CaMn'coHb aceHoio norH6e h nptjAoyA- 
pbiH Bi> qjOBti^txb CojoMOHb HieHbi paAH dAb uacj^An. H bi> TpoH 
rpaAoy uHosn xpaCpbi BBTean h i^apie sa KABHoy accHoy norH6ome». 
KorAa nponexB o tomt> AjieKcaflAP'b bt> KHHraxi <(HtKoero ohjio- 
co«a OMHpa», CKa3ajrb: aO KOjrau^H CHJHbm naAome ce Heabi paAH 
MbpscKbiK H joyKaBBK!» *) TaKi H Bi CojrapcKOMT, CjOBt Bex- 
xoin> AjeKcaHApt^: «h bha* AjielaHApi* kojhko 3ja ci>TBopHmacA 
w) eAHHOH HCHt: TOFAa lepycajiHMb pasopHmA h Apoyrbixb bcih- 
Kbixb rpaAOXb .cAm ^"^ca boa h xopw onoycrfem;?;, b oy6Bina .n. 
u^apeH, CB'^He nBCHAHflCKaro i^apti). YBHAtBi dTo AjeKcaHApi-IIa- 
pHCT> OTctKaen, ErvjioyA* rojiOBy, a caw-b Cpocaexcfl BXMope. — 
ErvjioyAoft (=rBjyAa xeKCxanpo^. rpHropoBHqa) HasBaHa B-b axofi 
noBtcTH Ejeea; npocToe-Jia 3to HCKaxeHie BMeini, hjih ErvjioyAa 
PHjiyAa = 'EiXivTi Y) ruXoO? *). Ona He xojbKO aaaaa aceaa)* bi 

») Huemer, Ein Trojanerlied aus dem Mittelalter, bt> Zeitschrift fttr die 
oesterreichischen Gymnasien, 1887, 1, crp. 9. 

^ Hsi* HCTopiH poMaea h noBtcTH I, crp. 203 (ea lO^ft crpoxt cnvsy HHTaft: 
ojnphMM ce BM. oyrpi»AH ce), 205. 

») 1. c. crp. 87. 

4) FuXou cj. MOH PasucKaHifl bi> o(>jacTH pyccRaro Ayxoenaro crvxa, VI, 
crp. 41 CJitA.; 3ajrfeTKH k-b HCTopig anoKpiKPOBT,, HtypH.MaH. Hap. Hpoce. 1886, 
IiOHB, crp. 288—9. Cj. ntioyAa = magae genus, y Miclosich, Lexicon a. v. ex 
ccuJKoA: ceme xceeu narojeiiiiie nuoyAu nccuxaioii^c Kpbsb Atreiib oyMpbiu- 
BJHiorb iixT.» H c6jH«eHieirb ct pyccR.: rojienAyxa. — MoMcen* 6uTh^ cio;^a-xie 
OTHOCHTCH AioAu KaBKascRHXTi Tarap'b, AeiiOHH<iecKaa crapyxa, oirraioii^flcfl ne- 
qeHBio HOBopo}KAeHHaro (Ay<>poBHin>, Hcropiw BofiHu h BiaAfanecTBa pyccKvxi. 
ea KaBRast t. I, rb. U, crp. 379). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 97 

CMMCjt cpeAHeetKOBbixi noyieuiH, uo b A6M0HB4ecKaH; He A^pOMi 
roBopBTCH, qxo KorAa AjieKcaHAp^ bbgj^ ee bi Tpoio, «noTpAcecA 
Becb rpaAT> bcjimbd ^). , ' 

PaaCopi TCKcra Micl. (= H.Co*.) coBMicTHO ct> Pril. noKa- 
saji^, HTO nocjiAHift He jiHnieHi> dna^Hin a^h KOHCTaTHpoBanifl hxi> 
o6ii;aro opHrBHajia, Koxoparo ApeBHtfirnHNi*^ no sanBCH, OTpaace- 
HieMi> RBjflercH Micl. Pt^H AflKca h YjiHCca, otjihibmb bi Pril. 
oTh Micl., uoryrB 6biTb o6i>ACHeHbi nosAotiuieft nepeAtjncoft — no 
Obhaik), ho Hanp. bi aoBSOAt o <l>HJiOKTeTt = IlHJiOTami Pril. 
coxpaHHJi>, qT5 b^ Micl. Moaeerb 6biTb o6i>HCHeHO JiBiub cjiy^an- 
Hbiifb nponycKOM'b: bi* Micl. Kajixaci> CTaBHTb oahemI) H3i> ycjiOBift 
B3BTiH TpoH — npHBOAi ^HJioKTexa, KOTopbii Aajte He ynoMflHyn> 
BOBce, TOFAa KaKi Bi> Pril. ohi* npHBeACHi h AificTByen. HiKo- 
Topbifl H3i> uuewb H noApofiflocTei Pril. (TpoHXb, TepsHTb^ cohi> 
AraueMHOHa h ero nonbiTKa ki CircTBy; AcrianaKCb i t. n.) 
uorjH TaiUKe naxoAHTbCH bi> ApesHtHoieMi TCKcrt b BiPril. jBmb 
nonacTb ne na CBoe m^cto. JiHuib cpaBHenie cb ApyrsMH, noKa ne 

HdCJf&AOBaHHblMH HJH eUlfi He OTKpblTblMH TeKCTaHH HOBtCTH HO- 

Hcerb 3Atcb npHBecTH ki> KaKBMi-HB6yAb fioxle npoHHbiMi Bbieo- 
AaMi. 

HcTOHHBKB HJifl napaxiejH, yKaaaHHbiH a^^ BTopoH qacTH no- 
BtcTB, He ycxanaBjraBaiorb oTJH^ifl Me»Ay neio h nepBofi, h dro 
yme Aajo naui hoboai* ki anpiopnoMy BaKJUoneHiK), KOTopoe mu 
Moaceirb noBTopHTb: ecjB cpaBHenie nepBofi nacTH namefi noBicTH 
ci> aanaAHboiH lereHAaMH yKasajio hx'l o6mti opnrHHajrb bi> Ka- 
K0Mi>-T0 pa3CKa3t lOHOCTH IlapHca, TO HpeAcraBJueTCH neBtponr- 

HblM'b, HTO BTOpan COCTaBBJaCb CaMOCTOHTeJbHO nOTtMl>-He HCTOH- 

HHKafli>, ci> TaKoft-»ee 6jiH30CTbio CB FepoHAaifb h MeTaMop«03aMi> 
OBHAin; TiMi) neBtpoHTHie, hto cocraBHTejeMi npHmjiocb-Cbi npe- 
3HaTb aBTOpa cjiaBHHCKoft pcAaKi^H. 9th BaTpyAHenia ycTpanfliOTCH 

KOJb CKOpO AOnyCTHMl), HTO H AJH BTOpOH CBOCfi HdCTH 0H1> nOJIb30- 

9ajicH TtMi>-»e opHrHHajoMi, coxpanHBi ero, TaKHMi oSpasoMi, 

U^tjBKOMl Bl> CBOeMl HOpeJIOHCeHiH. 
^) Gjiobo, 1. c. CTp. 85. 

Digitized by VaOOQlC 



98 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

HtO OpHFHHaJl dTOTb 6blJ% jaTHHCKit HJTO pOMaHCKit^ KaKafl 
HH6yAb KOMDHJflltifl H31> KOMMeHTHpOBaHHarO, TOJIKOBarO OBHAifl ^) — 

dTO daKJio'ieHie, BbicKasaHHoe a^h nepsoH qacTH, noMep^HBaeTCfl h 

BOeHaTJtHiflMH BTOpOH: TOTT>-He 06JHKI C06CTBeHBbIX'b HMefli; Me- 

u'fee BBa^ieBifl a CKJoaeHi Aarb, bi> onpeAtjeniH jHRPBHCTH^iecKaro 
xapaKTepa noA^HHBHKa, tskhmii cjiosaMi KaKi mennui^ ncumejih^ m- 
GuAotm (javelot, gavelet; gabilotto) ^), kt, KOTopbim Pril. npacoe- 
AHHflerb en^e: Mewmpu^^ydoMeumz^ nopoyua^ mauam^ ^ypn^ otme 
(oime!), noHtumpa (= palaestra), h6o 3th cjOBa MorjH HaxoAHXbCfl 
Bi) cjiOBapt, He Bi) noAJHHHHKt nepeBOAHHRa, towo TaK»ee KaKi* h 
rpeuH3Mbi (xopa, xopo; apMaxocb h dpohsboahbib; nnprocb h nBpri>; 
xpan'eaa, Kaxp^rassxaTepyov, KaToyHT>=xaToOva), AaBmie Mhkjio- 
iiiHqy DOBOA'BK'bBaRJioHeHiK), qro nama ooBtcTb Morjia 6biTb nepe- 
BeAena ci rpeqecKaro. TaKoe npeAnojOH^eaie bo3mo«ho, paayutercR, 
jBiDb noAi ycJiOBieMi Apyroro: ixo arorb rpeqecKin opHniHaj'B 
6bijrb Bi> CBOio o^epeAb nepeBOAOMi Bjra o6pa6oTKofi KaKoro-HH6yAb 
sanaABaro, jaTHHCKaro bjb poMancKaix), coxpaaHBi) qepTbi ero uipo- 
coaepi^aHifl (cj. Bbime CKaaaHBoe o ABopb6t h rocnoHrfe, OTp. 71) h 
^opHy co6cTBeBHbix'b Buen^, KaKi> B'bcpeAnerpe^ecKofi AjeKcaHApiB 
BCxptqaeMi: noXuxpaToOciYii;, BpuvoOoijc; = cep6. IIoJoyKpaToyiDb, 
BpHKHoymb B T. n. Hro cep6cK0-cjiaBflHCKafl AjieKcaHApifl croBTb 
Ha OAHOMi) ypoBHt CT> HameH npBTHeH no OTHomeaiK) Kb cbobmi^ 
BCToqHHKaM'b, joKCBKOHy H OBOMacTHKy, sautqeHO 6biJo MHOK) y«e 
no ApyroMy ooBOAy ^). OcraBOBHuca 3Atcb jamb aa oaonacTBirfe. 
KaRi> Bi AjeKcaHApia, TaKi> a bi aameMi* Teacrt lat. s b^l cy<i>- 
tpBKcax'b -us, -as, -es, -is nepeAaeTca qepesi ni, »: Aai^BAemi) 
(Anchises), Ai^jenrb, napHaci» (cj. wb 6tjopyccKOMi TpBcxaat: 
CaMCBHCb=Lasancis); Kamaaroyma = Xanthus, A^iteoym-eBrrb 



') Bi» odtnrb pyKonHCflzi> Istorietta Trojana efl npe^oiecTByiorb KOMneHTa- 
piH Ki. ObhXiio. 

*) Pril. : «c* crptjioM h ratfuoTOii, Ka MopeTa e^HeM* KaiieHcif* 3 Typne pac- 
CHoaTH». PasyirfeeTCH xaRoe-TO KaiiHeMeTaTejbHoo opyAie. Cj. n-h j^peoHe-pyc- 
CKOiTb nepeBOA'i^ IocH«a ^^jaeia: jyKH =s ^etpo^oXot (E. £apcoBi», Cjobo o IIojiKy 
Hropee-ib, I, crp. 225). 

') H3i> ueropiH poMaaa h ooetcTH, I, crp. 442—3, 381r-2. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 99 

(Tideus — ), Ilajieini. KpoM* xoro s MeacAy rjacHWMH iiepexoAHn> 
BT, m: 6pH)KeHAa, PaHeHAa, EaeoHa, Tepa;HTe« = Thersites (cji. 
Bi etiopyccKOMX BoBt: ^yaneHa = Drusiana; bi Ctjiop. Tpn- 
CTaut: HmoTa); s bi> tomi me noJo^eniH h bi> Hanajit cjiobi — 
BT>ni: lUHMOBmCeBt) = Simois, LIJapHKoyma = A8saracus;stBT>m 
(niT): Clytemnestra = KjATOMempaua (Micl.), IIoJHiiflemepi, 
Aii;hbi> (Astyanax), Kani bi 6ijiop. TpHcraHt: YAmp^'b (Astorre), 
Tpbm^aHi (Tristano); Kan^aHApa yKadbiBaerL KaKi-fibi na Eas- 
tandra (mo«ho 6bi OHHAaTb: KamanApa; cj. lIlapHKoyuia); x bi 
f(ta: A^Kmb, IIojiHKnieHa, YpHHrnemb — ho KaoiaHToyma; chi bi> 
oh: MHJeiob, Aei^HAemb; p b^l <m Peleus = Ilejiemb h Oejemb, 
Paris = IlapHacb h 4>apH»cb; pb, f bii n, KaKi* b^l cepCcKOH Ajsk- 
caeApiH h CtjopyccK. TpHCTaet h Bob*: Philoctetes = nworamb, 
IIpHAeabCKT*; IIpHSHHCK'b = phrygius, IIpHHia = Phrygia, Flpn- 
HAemi = Phryx (?), Ue6ym'b = Phoebus, ho h TeCoymb (Micl.), 
KaKT> Te3Binb, Terema, TaiecnoH'B (h 4>e4ecnoHi). HnxepecHO qe- 
peAOBaHie h h a bi> npHHHHCK'b h npHAeacbCKb, IIpHHAeiirb, mwh 
Rhesus nepeAaeTCfl bt* Pril.: PHmyui'b (Py»yini), corjacHO ci 
o6biqHbiMi s=», ay Micl. PcHAenib; AHAHAemb (Micl.) = Aimn- 
«em* (Pril.). — Oni'tTHMi BCxaBHoe p bi> THBoypitept, KampaHApa 
(Micl.), lUHMopemeBt ptufk (Pril), npojHKmeua. Bi> nepeAbJiie& 
co6cTBeHHbixi> Buewb saM^THO HtKOTopoe CTpeMJienie r^ noJHorja- 
ciio: KamaHToyma, THBoyitepi>, ^ieBomKopAifl; b^l axoafb cxpen- 
jeniH Hanija-6bi ce6i o6iHCHeHie h aaraAOiHan naramifl (cj. 
Bbime cxp. 72 — 73). — nHJOxanrb oxBtqaexT> ^opift bt* poA* 
Philotas HJH Pilotas; pa3yMtexcfl, KaKi> Mbi bha^jto, 4>HJ0Kxexi>; 
Kx yAepauiHO bi IGRxopii, ho SA'i^cb npoH3onija accsMBJAAiH 
Kx = XX, X, KaKT* btj hx. Filottete. 

Ta* CAtJiaffb Gbu'b cjaBflHCKifl nepeBOA* uob^cxh? Cxoacxbo 
cxHJH H HaopaBJieHiH, a xanace h SByKOBbia oco6eHHOcxH, yKa3aH- 
Hbifl xoxnacb, He no3BOJHK)Tb oxA^jnixb efi oxi cep6cKofi AjcKcaH- 

ApiH, OXHOCHMOH HrH^ieMl^) KlB0CHiHHCtBepH0HJ[I,aJMaAiH, H0X1> 



^) Jagid, Ein Beitrag zar serbischen Annalistik, Archiv 11, CTp. 24—25. 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



100 A. H. BECEJIOBCKll, KTb ICTOPni POMAHA I nOMCTI. 

cepficKiTB nojUHflHiKOBi fitjopyccKirb TpicraHaiBoBbi. HiieBHo 
Bi> yKaaaflHol MicTnocTH BHsanTiicKoe h saoaAHoe TeqemH Morjii 
cicpeiuHBaTbCfl H Bbi3BaTb JHTepaTypy nepoBOAOsi, pacnpocrparaB- 
mxcfl orb BojrapiH (cj. TeKCTb Micl.) ao Poccih. HacKOJbKO arn 
nepesoAbi Bipno coxpaHUH nairb cboh ooaihehhri, oCi aroirb cy- 
AHTb TpyjiHo; noAJHHHHKa TpoHHCKOH noBicTH ubi He dflaen'b, KaKi 
ue 3Haeirb 3anaAHaro TeKCTa[^AjeKcaHApiH, Koropbii noAxoAixb 6bi 
Ki rpeK0-cep6cKHM'b BepcifliU) aToro poiiaHa. BtjopyccKii Tpn- 
craHiiy ecji ohi» Btpno nepeAajii» CBoi opHmajTby bi qeMi> utrb 
noBOAa coMHtBaTbCH, He BcrpfeTHJCH noRa bi> aroiii bha'^^ hh bi> 
OAHOMi sanaAHOMi nepecKast, h ecjH 6tjopyccKii = cepGcRil Bobo 
lacTO AOCiOBHO nepeBeAeHi> cb HTaibflHCKaro, HSBtcTHaro nairb 
TeKcra, to BejuucopyccKil BoBa KopojeBHHi>, TaiuKe nepemeAnni 
Ki HaMi ^epesi cepCcKia pyKH, npeACTaBJuen orjHHiH, ne naxo* 

AHn^iflCfl HB B-b OAHOfi HTaibflHCKOH Bepcll By BlftCTt CI TtlTb, HO 

npBHaAJieacaiiiiflpyccKoSHapoAHoinepeAtjDci. BtpoflTHO, HeTOJbRO 
nepeBOAHJH, uo b ycBOBJB, nepeAiibiBaa: aa bohb^ dToro cep6- 
CKaro ycBoeHifl h Bbipocja eama pyccKaa CRa3Ka o Bob^^. 



o>^o 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



TpoflHCKafl npHna no piui. H.Gm. Jk 1497, a. 205 oO. — 

232 od. 

BtrSme b oe^Boe BpeMrzi ^ah Kpa, H^e cr^i soBr^ime HMtziue'' IIpH- 
me^ Kpa', h 6tma sejio Cora^, 9 noiAe b RtKOH Ae jo jobh", noee' 
Aparo My 6tme jobh", h aohac Ha MO^CKge otokh h ofipere caS CD 
OTO jini H Kpace BeuB, y Koe uuroKa u; eAHHe crpaflbi Tename se- 
jHKoS Mope, a u; Apyrne crpaHu Teqame peKa, koi3 fiueHOBame 
KamaAyma peKa, a (C Tpe^iee crpaHbi reqame tofo ivTOKa Mope, 
Koe crzf 30BemHnejemHHOMope, a CC ne^TBe^Tbie cxpaHbi Toro ivroKa 
CTOwme jyrB, ence soBr^ime /IjAona jyrb, CD nwTbie crpaHbi xoro 
oTOKa CTorame hchao, ea Koe pocTrzixy i^Biin MHoropa'jrauH. H bha^ 
TO npHme^niH) Kpa, «ko AO^po exb, h Ha^a 3HAa" rpa* h co3HAa 
rpaA* Ao cxapo^TH CBoera h nape' hmw rpaAy TOMy cboh HMeae, Aa 
My e HMw npy»cH» rpa*. IIoto IIpHme^ Kpa uJcrapt h po*' cfia 
CBoe HMCHe Ofijirynia Kpajira h nopyis eMy sHAam rpa^, a caMi> 
no^H CU c^TH CBoSrd. H koh Kpa UJHjymi CTBopn CHHoe a^Oj 
Belize npHBHAa CDi^a CBoe no cmpth e, h mfi naKH cosHAa Ojuyma 
Kpa', TO HMeHOBa cboh" HMene", Aa My 6yAe' hmw Hjho rpa*. 
H noTO" CWiiy Kpa po*" cfia CBoe JIaMetuAOHa Kpajira BejHKa h no- 
pyw eMy sBAa" rpaAbi, a caMi no^H CD cmpth CBoera. H JIaMeoAo 
Kpa BejHKifi H TOH HMCHOBa Ha CBoe HMr^ rpaAbi CBor^i JIaMeAOHird 
rpa*, H no ccm^ JlaMCAo Kpa' BejHKiH wCTapt h po*' c5a CBoe 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



102 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

HMeHe" L[Ia[pB]Kyma npa, sanosiAa euy SHAam rpaAi> a caul now 
w cMpTH CBoerid. JIoTO" II]a[pH]Kyma npa coTBopn cSho At jo, Bonie 
npfl30Aa no cmpth Cl'ua CBoe, h iuo 6t 3HAa^ [to HMenoBa] cboh' 
HMene", Aa My e hmw IlIa[pH]Kymita rpa*. H noTo" IlJa[pH]KyiDira 
Kpa po*" cfia ^a^Aaayma Kpajra h pe my aBAaxH rpa*, a ca" noiH 
w cMpTB CBoer^. H ^a^Aaeyma Kpa coTBopn bcjhko aI^io, srzime 
npHSBAa no cfipTB 6biniBHe cb b nape na ceoe BHt^ /I.a'AaB'trd rpa^. 
H noTo" Aa'^Aanyma Kpa po*" cka TpoBJiyma Kpajrra b p? cMy 
3BAaTB rpa*, a ca" noiB CD cSprB cBoera. H noTo" TpoBjyma Kpa' 
coTBopB BejBKO A'^0^ 360^6 BpBBBAa (Ju OTua CBoS B Bape Tpor^ 
rpa*. TpoBjyma" po*" IIpBr^iMyina Kpajra. H npir;dMy bm* aceay 
BMeae" MKyna rocnorw. Bo eABBy Bomb bbab cbt> MKyna rocnorra 
B yBcacecr^i b Bocra w caa ceoe b npoi^BB co MyH;y ceoeuy IIpBr^- 
wymy KpaJio b pe ewy: Poah"" rjaBw b sbao na b6o b naKB 
BO^BpaTBcrzi na^^ b Mope, BSjeTrzinie b° Mopr^i BCKpbi, naAoma na 
TpoB B noropi Tpord rpa^. Cjbima to IIpBi^My Kpa b MbimjirTime, 
qTO xon^e ce Cutb, b npB^'Ba Bct nj^pKB b BoxBbi, MyApei^a h 6o- 
jrjp» B BB'Brzia jk)^" Maii i bojibkb TporaAH rpaAa, Aa peKy"" eMy 
cntxi). H peKoma eimy nppuB e cbo: F'^Ane KpajiM), poAB^aa u3 
HOHbi TBoer^ CBi, 3a Koe xoTraiEie B'rop'i^TB Tpo» rpa^ b pasopBTB, 
B ne liicTaBe^ kbmo aa KaMene. GJbima to IIpBaMyma Kpa b bao 
B nojiaTyjf b pe acea* CBoeB: (A) MKyno y6o rocnoace, erAa po^'mn 
CHa, BO xpaflB e, ho hobcjb Aa yfibio^ e. H pe eiiy MKyna rocno"Aa: 
r^'AHe KpajK), BeMB paAa ewi cemy Cmtb, H boto" erAa po*' WKyna 
rocnoac'a cka CBoe b bba^ e Jiioa b Kpaaa Ao6pt, b CMijBcra MTpa 
CBoeB, He Moace e nory6BTB, ho noaia ero bo 6paiBBH b c bb" mbo ap- 
6brKa cpe^pa b sjiara, b AaTbero (pKn. eMy)eAnHOiMy lOBome b pe eny 
hStb b BOBpeniB e Aaje^ie vC Tpo» rpaAa. l/l coTBopa Cvpo tbko, b 
o6peTe e ul^a^ CTape**, ewy" 6* Heaa po*"ja caa, fi nece e nacTbi** 
k Bcent CBoe' b pe e": Bocxpaai mb lupoRa ce. M 6bi TaKo, b paTrdme 
TaKO CKopo BeMB, B erAa coTBopa .3. JitTb, TorAa BA^ixy uiTpo'iaTB 
u;6a aa noje co tuue" cbob" b Brpaxy okojo AOfibrKa, b oOptT^aa 
lupoKa aap? IlapB* (napa") naTbipeaaqamb. IlapB* CB«*Aaxy Aaa 
BOJia B 6oAtaxy, a Kofi npeMaramei TOMy b Baauie Beaeab w i^BtTitJ, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



031 HCTOPia POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 103 

a KOH He npeMorame, Touy Bidme (C cjaMi h noja[ra]uie i" na pory. 
if erAa Ctnie lOBoma IJapH*, xo'Aame a ao^pbimh BHTiddH h nrpame 
H npeiibrame h"" bo Bcr^Ko' Hrpt, h tj npo6oAe ^AHHa BBT^sa sa 
um^ npe^ Kpajie*' XnpiAt»eMi>. 1/1% speMrzi aceHrame Oejemb Kpa 
rocno"AOK) [Tejnimo", h npH*fia k ce&k Geje Kpa ta* ^loSme AO^pie 
Bixese h iceaicH h IlapHaca nacrbipeBBKa i Ao^pbie rocno*Ae no xopt 
to'. M jBBA'l^Biiie TO TpB BBJB nppqfli^e, Koe 6txy HaBJ'lnime& 
B Mo'CKB* urroEte', B AOBAoma na 5ao Becejie, pa'st cABHy rocno'Ay 
He 3Ba, sane 6ime CBa^jrisa, HHeHe'' /I^BeBombKopABe, rAt BAt^iuie 
Bce CBaAy cipowme, 3a to hc xoTwxy era SBaTH, Aa My ne 6yAe^ 
CBaABi Me'Ay CBaTOBi b Cordpa na BecejHH b'. II Ouaa rocno*Aa 
Mbicjirame Ba cp^i^B csoeMi, hoio 6bi Morja CBaAy BHeTB Tano 3a 
oHoi He3BaHBe, § BCKoaa 3jiaTy ra^jioKy b Hanaca aa Hea KHa'na 
nana, a oaaa cjosa rjarojaxy: Koili e'Tb w sa Tpe* rocno'Ab a 
npopoHB"* nojtn*ma, toh 6y*' npp'mH CBf3 3aaTar3 ra**jioKa. H Aa**" w 
CCpoKy CB0§My a pe eiiy: Hab b BiBe^3B i6 bo tueomaHBUbi 6ejema 
Kpajird. II B3BMaxy y6pyca w CTOja a BAr^fxy AoCpifl BiTe3ae, arpaxy 
aaeapaaee', aAo6pie rocno*A6 rpiziARtxy BOtuBomibHa IlejreeaKpajira. 
H iT)WAwxy aaope* Tpa bbjb a n^pqai^e a tuGptToma Ty tvay 3ja- 
Tyio ra^JOKy a npoToma Ha He" oaa cjiOBOca, ime rjfaxy: Kora e 
Hautnine w aa Tpe"" cecipeHBitb, tob 6y^ cia 3jaTa» tzi^joKa. II 
pacKapwme oaoe pa*" «^jiokb fi nosBame b Tpofe npt[AT>] Tefioxa 
6ora fi npe^ MTanepa (sic) nppKa, fi CTama npe* HBua fi Bonpocama 
a' B peKoma: Kora e u) aa Hafijtnma, tob A^aTe ciio rzi^JOKy. II pe 
BM* Te6o* 6orb a HnaTepi n$pKi: rocno*Ae, ae Moacein> Ba** u; ceni 
cy^'TB, HO noBABTC TaMo Ha tunw^ npe* IlapHaca oacTbipeBBKa, tbmo 
e ui6p*jo a TaMO Aa era pa'cyAB\ H BOSBpaTame CC Tpora 5 AOBAoma 
npe* napBHca oacTbipeBBKa a peaouia eny: F^Aae, lufiptToxo* ciio 
3jaTyi6 ra^jioKy bo vvBOuibBBiie Ilejenia Kpajira a np^oxo" aa nea 
KHB*Hbi* cJOBe, B u^BaKO BCKa3ye': Kora e tu bS jrfenWra, tob 6y*". 
cira 3jaTara H^jfOKa, Aa noai'Ab aaMi: Kora e CD Ha Haajrbnmara, toh 
ofpqaiia Aa*Ai> caio 3jaTyK) ra^jioKy. II pS ant Ilapa* naTbipeaa: 
TIoBABTe, rocno'Ae, a'Bjei^eTe, 3aHe Crame Ha hb"" 6Bcepie a sjaro 
a Aparoe aaMeaie a CBaaara pi^xa. II CDaAoma b oaombHa Ilejeina 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



104 A. H. BECEJOBGRIH, 

KpajiiS H cBJieme npiAoma b pHsa"" npe^ ee. H ea^ia^ MjSAa UapHacS^: 
IIpHcy*' MH* Clio aiaiyio w^Cjokj h noBi*Ab Meee Hafij-fenniyib, h 
uj^jiaTHa exb fioraxbCTBO", Aa He 6yAe hSki noGorarlH CC Te6e. H 
naRH BTopa Bej»me rocno'Aa, ea' Hurd Ilajemb, pS Ilapiscy: 
IIpHcy^ MHt sjaTyib rzi^JOKy h noBtacAb Meee Hajtnmio, h ui^fijaTHa 
eub BHTe*CTBO", Aft He 6yAe' xpa^piHinie BBxeae CD refit. H naiCH 
Tpe^raa pe, en" HMra Benyina rocno"Aa, IlapHay naxbipeBHKy: 
IIpBcy*' MH* CHio BJiaTyK) ra^joKy i noBt»Ai> Mene HaSjinbrny, 
uuCjaTHa eMb jioGobbio, Aa th Aa" AO^pyfo jhoGS, Aa Tr^i jH)6oBiio 
HMy^ Ao^pie rocno'AH, 5 Aa th Aa" A0*pyi6 rocoo'Ay fijeny itpby 
rpecKyK), Menejiayma iipra Hceny, koiS e Ha'jrfeniBina bo Vkxh 
rpeite'', naKO tok) ci" 5 ue^Boe hio, h Aa th Aa" hobo hmw, Aa th 
6yAe^ HMW XjiecaApi) IlapH*, h Aa th noBi" CCua h Marepb: (vaa 
TH e UpiaMy Kpa h MaTH I^Kyna rocno'Aa Tpora rpaAbi, a ntcH 
Tbi who CTa'Aa cH*b. H cjbiioa to Gapn* oacTbipeBH S npicy*' 
BeHymi rocno'AH sjaTyio »^J0Ky h BOSBecejl BeMH Bciifb cp^ae" 
CBOH". II KaKO HK) H HCopaBH \Ju BeHyniH rocnoHH Kpaje chi, h 
no"Ae H "3ra npomeHHe CD CTa'qa CCita CBoe, koh TOny o^i^b 6i 
HapeKJi, noHAe b Tpoio rpa^ i npH^jra»H no^ Tpoio hb peny, napH- 
uaenyio KamST!(ma, h Ty dfipexe Beneymb rocno*Ay na ne", h 
npHme^ pe k Hen: Focho'ao Beneymb, jh)6h mm Aa Ttzi jho^jio. 
UJBeiAR euy (AJHHemb : W ^jecaApe GapHHcy, Ske Mm jk)6h, ho npiHAe^ 
BpeAirzi H wTaBHmH iirzi. H pe en 'AjecaApi*: U) rocno'Ae Ui)HHeine, 
Hexomy a' Te6e iCcraBH", i5ko jh vuTa'jio, rb*Aa cia-3H ptKa Bama 
K[amjSTyma Bbcnt^tTb ab noTe<ie^. H noTaBH c HeionpbBoe noGne h se" 
CD Hera BeHe"* 5 uoHAe b Tpoio. H HBWAoma npoTHsy eiiy TpoScTin 
BHTraBi H Tpo'cKHe HceHbi H caMi IIptraMyma npa h I^Kyna rocno*Aa 
Tpo'cKa, npHraTa e h BeAOTa b nojaiy, i Becejiraxy Bctub cp*ae" vl 
He". npH'Ba me IIpHraMy Kpa Bcra nppKH h ^a^eni i pe: K*to mr 
xome^ HQMoraTH b* Tpo"cKo" Kkie^ a' abm* ewy Tpn aojh 3jiaTa. H 
cjbimSTa TO ABa Ak^^BOja BeMjenara h npiAOCTa npe^ Kpajira h pe- 
KOTaeny: Mbixon^eBacoTBopH^Tpoio, ab nana abcb' kh naio BHan. 
H HaqaTB 3HAa" Tpoio. H '''^Cymb 6* rywbHH h yryAraoie b r^H, h 
BHAame Tpora hfa* wh* pe^Sxy, a HenTeHaCyuib Hwene" HArame 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HGTOPIB POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 105 

B Mope H Homame h'' Hopr^i Ba' n KaMeHHe npiroHH h BOAy, h 3h- 
Aaxy Tpoio kja* Ouh* pe^axy . H KT>Aa coBe^niHCTa Bce ji^kio xpo'cKoe, 
H npiHAOTa npe' IIpirziMyma Kpajid h peKora euy: ^a'^b na'' Haio 
wvirb emem ch paib. M cjibima to' Rpa noKasa hm* tph (pKn. nm) 
mionH pyKoio h pe b"*: ^a bh cie aom nacbinjio ao KpatS, cie 60 bh 
vi&kmfi,^. H BHA*CTa lUHa,^ mo h"" npeBapn, h paYHtBaracra fi peKo^xa 
euy: Mbi ecBa coTBopua Tpoio rpa', Mbi xon^eBa HyMbicra" KaKO ra 
H pacbinaTB. M oo'AOTa [ki>] iCHiiii (pun. -Mefi) nppqHita", koS paVirfe- 
Barae aa aJay w^joKy, i aaqama npopHAaxH w 3j*Mb AtJe Tpofe 
rpaAa, KaKO <ibi Tpom ae crorzi ao BpeMeee, a^ cr^i 6hi pasopn 
B IIperSMyuieBO BpeHra. II no ch^ BAr^nie Kanip^Apa rocno'Aa Ha pcKy 
UlHiiomeBH, H ry npntfjHHH k eefi HnHTe^ nppKi h pe ei : KaiupSApo 
rocno*Ae, npn'AH ko mh*, Aa th nostM^ BCt Ta"Hbi xpoficKiw, ^^o 
xome^ 6biTH, HO ce fi He noxBa.iH Tpo"cKH" rocno*Aa", KaKo ch 6eci- 
AOBOja cb nnrrcpo'' nppKO", S,tafi m crzi noxBail, Aa xou^ Trzi 
coTBopH" Aa Tw He Bepiw''. H ona npi'Ae [Kb] Tpo'cKH*' rocno*Aa" 
i Ha^a nJpo^ecTBOBa" S fSth: Xome' hoSth moS 6pa^ ^VjecaAP'b 0a- " 
Ph' b rpeKH Ha cjy'fiif k' MeHCjaymy ^k) S xome^ CuHy*^ Aobcth 
Ejieny iipHio rpeiKyw rocno*Ay, MeHeJiayma 5pra «eHy, ko6 e nafi- 
jinjia BO BctxT> rpei^e*, h xome^ era pa** noroptxH Tpora rpa*. 
HuHacieroBoprame, atuHH efi ne BtpoBaxy. If npomame i^jecaApi} 
GapH* y tCua CBoe UpHSAiyma Kipajra aa Bcra ab rjrarojie: IlyTH 
MeHe BO rjpeKH Ha cjy'fiy KMenejiaymy 5pK), SnaKH xon^y ui'onyAy 
CKopo npHfiTH. \ ITpiaMy Kpa ne xoxrame e h^th" h hg mo" ero 
yAe^HaTH, HonyxH e bo rpeKH HaABop*6y cjrywHTH MeHejrayniy fpn). 
H HanpaBH kjeK*caH*AP'b Gape' Kopa^Jb cbo' fi Bsra MHoronecTHara 
pyxajb fi djara fi 6Hcepira fi fina MHora pa'j%Hara Aaponanira, h 
H§Ae caMi B Kopa^jb co (vpoKH CBOHMH, fi CDpHHy B Mope fi CufiAe 
BO rpeKH fi npHTa no' abo^ MeHeiaymS. H yBH*" to Menejiae Hpb 
H H3b]Ae npoTHBy eMy Aajene fi aejioaa e, fi pe eMy ^jCKcaAP'b 
Gape": W) rAne if pro, Aa yatcTb upTBO th, a' ne npHAO* cjyHHTH 
Te(5t 3ja[Ta] pa*" um cpe^pa hh na hho" Ao6bf ite, ho Aa bha* Kora 
CTb He na TBoeMT> ABopt hjh ko& AOBona qe"H ABopa qpTBa th. 
M CJbima TO Menejae 5pb h ui^Becejfi cp*Ae" fi nora^ e fi B^BCAe 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



106 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

B nojiary apcKyio wb Ejene ujpufi, h ciAi^iiie na Sahho* Tpanese h 
uhHoiy qe^Bjeeaid Biea TparjitHa h' eAHHe ^ame Meuejay ^pb i 
Xje*ca"Api> GapHH h Ejena npkB. U noxoMt erAa npHHMaxy yCpy'' 
HyMbiBajHiiy w^croja, TorAa aanHcoBame !\ je'ca"ApT> 6apH* le^Rie- 
Htub BHHO" Ha 6^&^ y^pyce h TaKO roBoprame: EjeHO ophe, jno6H 
Mra Aa rr^ jio6jio. II Ejreea upha vMtrdme KHHry, a Menejae He 
no'flaBame hh cjosa. H nyxH Meaejae 5pb 6paty CBoewy ^VraMeny 
^pM)Hp^eHy: Yfitaa,, fipaxeMOH, KaKOMH e*Tb 60 docoCh', Hxoxta' 
MOWApyaraaMHt cjiywH", h 6y^ 6 cen aece*. Hcjibima' ce iVrane" 
opb H \i)3jo6h* cp*ae" h pe: A' Ou ceM* Bece' e°Mb, wko ecBa caMO- 
Ae^sbua, a w ceMb HicMb Bece', e»e Haio Apy^HHa cjyacH™ eairb, 
Aaejiio^'craTO'^, Aa He npifiAe' Hio^A^e AO^po h Bo'iue' H[a]niy q'e*Tb, 
H 6yAe* TOMy BejHKa ^exb, a na" BejiHKa cpawora. H nyra fipaxy 
cBoeuy. Cjbima* ce Menejae opb h Ou3Jio6ii'' cp^ae"" h pene: KaKO 
HicTb Aparo mow qe fipaxy MoeMy! H Ha Bcra* Ae nHcame qe^Be- 
HtMb BHHo" Ha C'kjLo* y6pyce, a Ejena iipha Mo'^'iame. H bo eA% Ae 
npe3Ba EjeHa i^pha Ajie*caH*pa b* nojary h pe eMy thxhmh Sect- 
AaMH: cOiije'^ca'Ape OapHSCK), tuTasH Api^ao^b cboiovu^ Mone, an^e 
eoyB'fecTbr^'Airb mob Menejae 5pb, to xome* Tta yMopn" sjie. H pe 
eH iVjie*ca"AP'i>: ^ rocno«e mow Ejoho, Aa BtCH: yv Moefi cj^^*6e 
HtcTb H ^i>^po, HO MH ecH Tbi u>^po. Asi HtcMb HpHme* Aa cjiyasy 
Ha BjraTe uh 6Hcepe, sane TpOHcnara nojaxa eAHHa Brzinie HMa* 
3jiaTa H cpe^pa nesceja rpe^Kaa Apbaca[Ba], u tJKO 6bi BHAeja 
xpo'cKHe BHTW3H, Hc 6bi peKia BHTe3H cyTb, HO rocnoAa h BJiacTejni. 
/I,a, rocHO'Ae mow Ejieno, roTO" e^'Mi npHrara MyKH Heacejffl Ao'ro 
My^HMi 6yAy no Tpoefi jrfenoxt. H pe eMy Ejena apha: WJ 'AJie*- 
ca"Ape, He w^'Ta'jwe" -reCe Bb KpiBise, ho exb hoao^ho pema xano- 
BOMy BRxesK), Kofi BHAH^ tuBOJHKyH jtnoxy if j[K)6h^. Bi AHb to" 
npiHAe rjra Menejayaiy opio wko B*pb«e cw pycari RawKificRHi , 
H p^ Menejae ^pb no rpeae* cn'^By BOHCKy co6paTH h hohth na 
najartncKoe pycari. YntA* to iije"ca"Api> Gapn" h coxBopH'' 6oje' 
H jeace bo ap'cKo" nojaxe, h xa nojaxa 6tme tunexa pyxo" c*BH*Hbi" 
H sjaxo" H 6Hcepo". H pe' eMy Menejae hohth c hh" na BOHCKy, 
H pe eMy iVje'ca^Api*: l^ r*AHe ^pw, neMome" ecMi ao seja, ame 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Hai HCTOPIH POMAHA DOB-feCTO. 107 

BocraHy, pa* e^'trh nocj'feAOBaTH a^sy th. H no ch* u>*HAe Meeejae 
CpbHaBOHCKy. H 'Hi^KB'Ae noseAe Ejeea api](aAeBHi](e xopo HrpaTH 
H CO rpeie'^KHMH rocno'AaMH no rpaAy. BBAt' to Aje*ca"AP'i> OapB" 
H pe' CBOH" u^'poKOMt: IIpBBeaeTe mh eo'^syw Karpbry h Aa bbaw^ 
3HaHe'g Moe coBAa [sic] npHBedtxe. II npiH*Roma neroBB yHaiiH 
60^38 Kopa^Jb ero" h ABHrnyma ajara xo*mt, e na Konie, h bha^bt, 
Ajte'ca'Api B3eM Ejeny uphio no* nasyxy cbok) h 'jfee c new 

B 60^3bl' KOpa^JIb CBOH CO lU^pOKH CBOfiMH, fi VV'pHHy Ha MOpe H 

AOHJiy 00* Tpoio rpa*, fi npa^xa na IIJHMo[H]niOBe 6pe3e. H yBH- 
Ai*me Tpo"caHi BHTeaH fi rpo'cKHe rocno^'e, fi ne xorwxy fisbiTH 
npoTHBy eny hh Sah BHxe' hb 6ah" kjo^ oxpo*, 3aHe 3Haxy* KoiHKa 
HMa^ Kpo* npojH" no* Tpoe" 3a Ejeny aphio. Il3biAe npoTHBy guy 
iih'eabe'IIpHraMy" Kpa* hmth eroBa Wnyna ro^'no'Aa, Hwrb IIpHfa- 
ny" 'Ajie*ca"Apa 3a pyny, aMKyna rocnoaca Ejeny n!pnfo H'BeAoma 
H* B nojiary cboio. 

H cjbima Menejay" 5pb wko B3ra 'Vje*ca"AP'b OapB* Ejeny 
aphio fl iv'pBny" b Mope b u;'jiAe no* Tpoio, b u;3J06h'' cp*ite'' 
Be'MB B Bo'fipaTB'' Bi KaaKi'c[KBrzi] Api>»aBbi. II yfiiA*^ CBr^ 6pa* 
ero /VraaieHO" 5pb b co6pa* cw CKopo npiAe k Menejaymy Spw, ji 
H(ajOBa''TaBe*MflrjrK)iite: KojBKa cpaifOTa ABflrny naMa! Hco^pa'niy 
ci'ny BOBCKy noBTB no* TpoKX H npiftAe na npe* YAmi^nrb Cojomo- 
uBKe' c HI cb Ja. KaTa^FB na noMOiiib Menejaymy ^pio 6e' sano- 
Be*', H noTo" npiBAe najaMBAe"", IIpHAHKe" chi, cb .j . Kapa^Ji 6e' 
sanoBe*". H no cb^ 6tme cah" qjK'b MyAP^ Ype'raeuib BMene'', ,1a"- 
TBme" CHTb, B yB'feA'fe tob CTBopB® etcen b naia neco* uupaxH a co' 
ci»TB, Aa m TOJHKO ne npn^ia'^TH^ Tpo'cKo' npoBB. II (Stme Apyrifi 
HAKb MyAP'b BMene" na[ja]iieAe*Bo, JIpiABKe" cni, B«e npncxynn 
pe ^bMa: Bo B'TBny ype*mB° My*pi qjieb iiJ^iierae^ita xaKOBoio 
XBxpo^K) Aa era ne npnqa'TB^ xpo'CKo" KpoBB, Aa ny^xB Aa Be^ryxb 
cna e npe* tupajo", Aa ame 6yAe^ Stcen, to npeopaxB cb Ke cna, 
an^e jh nicTb etce", to cbCTaBHTB kc bojobc ne opa". H ny^TB'Ta 
o6a iipra 'AwKffla CoJOMonBKa, b vxhtb ny cna b none^ae ra npe* 
pajo", B Ype'raBnib ycTann bojobc ne opaTB, H noBCAe ra 
laaKfflB" (pKn. BJB aK ma"") npe* u;6a ^ra, b pe' ype^mB" k 5pe": 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



108 « A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

BojiiJib 6hf rfi^aTH cb fie^Hbi'' n*co" no CBtxy 3a xpe j-txa He«ejH 
BHAeTH Tpo'CKHe KpoBH KOjHRa xoo^e^ 6b]TH 3a EjreHy ^p^K). Btme 
me H XaHJieemb xpa^pbi" usme Bci^ rpe", Gepeieme" chi, h oa*«'*a 
[b^J »e"CKog pyxo h noHAC cb ro[cno]r«MH no rpaAe'' eaa ce h 
xaKo yraH' Aa"* ne npH^a^* xpo'cKOH KpoBH, 3aHe snama KOJiHKa ce 
Ke Kpo" npojraraTH 3a Ejieny iipmo. IIo ce" nsoHxo'n'a u)6a upra Bo"cKy 
Kopa^jCH xHcyma h .pb. h ii^'pHHy'me*^ b Mope h noHAoma no* 
TpOK), H npH^xama Bb cah" luxo* Kpace" sejo, HMene" AOaKyMi, h 
'xo" tuxone fiima eAHea jtna Komyxa bhm h nppqHi^a, HMene" Be- 
jtma rocnoHAa, Kor^ u;^[jiaAame] mo^ckhmh Bo'naMH n Bixpo*', h 
3^6Hma tuny Komyxy BHxese fAJrajaMena iiprzi, none* ne snaxy. HyBiA* 
xo H riejema rocnoaca h pa'rntBa'' Be'wH h ny'^xH BCjaKHe bo'hm 
na Mope Aa nory6H' bcw Kopa^jH rpe'cKHe ao K0"ua, h npH'xama 
b xoMb ttxoi^e. H dsjofiH"^ Menejae upb BO^'naMH h npH'Ba nona Ka'- 
Kama h BonpocH e rSra : IIohxo 6bi ce h xome" nom^HyxH bo wxoiie 
ceMi? H pe emy no" Ka^Ka(xa)ma: YfiHjra exb BHxese u^fipe^me ko- 
myxy bhjh nppHHi^y Gejerae rocno'Aa, nporHtBajra"^ e na hh* h 
ny*xHJa e BO*Hbi na Mope Aa noryfin' Bce rpecKne Kopa^jni, a x* 
BB"3He cyxb ^raMena upra nace noryfiHma Komioxy Gejiema roc« 
no'Aa. MxaKO bcjih^: /[oKOJe mh ne 6yAe^ aq^h 'AraMCua n^tn Ust- 
xaHbi rocnoHce npejtnHe, ne xon^r h* ny"^". H cjiwma xo Me- 
nejae upb H CKasa 6paxy CBoeny 'VraMcny itpio. H yB^Atsb 'AraMe' 
wsjLoGTi'' bc^'mh, h ne CM'feimne hh cab" npHCxyna*" BHxe' k newy, sane 
6'fe rntBeni. H npacxynn k ncMy cah ^Skt* naHMyAP^H bo Bct"" rpe- 
aexi, HMeueMT> YpcK^mb h pe^e: W iipk) r^Ane, uicxaBH rHtBi> 
CBOH H nycxH 3a cbok) Ame** UBtxany rocnoa;y, h noAan lo 3a tuayH 
Koinioxy, noneHte ch nomej^ co GpaxoMi CBOHMb Aa naHAeniH 
necxb a cpanoxy Aa tu*TaBHmb, n koh ce coABHrnyjie rpe'cKBe Boe- 
BOAbi H capaKtHci^biH ypoBC^) cxa no* abo^ 'Arawena iipra. 



^) Bit pyKODHCH nponycK-b, a^a KOToparo ocTaejeHO ^-kioe Htcro. Ci. TeKcrb 
MiiKJOuiHHa (crp. 170): «h capaKuncTlH oypose h KaaKlfiicT^H h najiarl'iicTl'H m pa- 
royujTbCTiH BHTesH, A& CHe ce6'b c;i;rB Hauoijie CBMp-bTb, a Te6^ cpaiiOT;K, h 
HaHiDJio CA e MHoro rocQomAb be bj,obh<ii>ctbo, aii^e tojmko ne noycTHoib 3a cboj; 
Abm,epb. H cjibimaB'b to AraiieHb i].apb h wcraBH rntBii h cpi>A6» cbo;i; h noycTH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB-fiCTH. 109 

H AOHAe KjeTOuempHi^H npufi h pe"* en: HanpaeH cboio Ao^e^ Aa k> 
noBe"^ no* Tpoio. H pe'* iipha: Kano ce uome" Cwth erne noBc^^b 
Ame^ MoioTaMO? H pe' en: UJ rocnoaie mow itp^e, Aa yBtcH rano 

yMHpmnH h coeAHHHmHcrd TporziHH co rptKH ^) bhhobii> h ycoHma 

10 H tu'^cTaBHina ib cntzimy, h u)*pHHyma'^ rpe^ci^iH Kopa^jra no* Tpoio 
na paxb. U nanpe* HA^^me MaHa'ma cub CoJouauHqe" h ype^'mauia 
Jla^raeBa cna, I H3bi*' npoxHBy b" npeMorB BHxe' E*to^ Kpa* h 
c hh" xpo'ciuB BHresB A"EtBAemb b Exeao^ b Ebo°, b cxpejwme 
EKxo^Kpa' cxpejiOK) ra6BJioxoio b Bb cabuo nyuienfle noxonjiame xpB 
Ropa^jita rpene^d, a n^Bn^ame MarziKmb UIojOMaHBHe' cm» cbob" 
mBxo" BopiflB" B3amB*" 31 Kopa^je' rpe'CKi* uj* HCflsaro orera 
HeKxopoBa. H noxo" BSbiAoma rpe^cKin BBxesB aa paxb, b B3bi*'' 
npoxBBy B* ^ejBay" npianymo* cSi, 6pa* Aje*ca'Apo% b aaqa 6b" 
noA Tpoio, d y^Ba Ejeay" Tay'aepa ^Buesa cia, b jewame Tayp*- 
nfi^ no* cbob" napame", kob cm 30Bt^nie poraeapa', h jeacame 
b xpo'cKo" npace nofijOAtBb w" CMpxaa cxpaxa. H fija'* e"^ 6t 
ype"mB° B ne CMt ero urrexa, ay ra3[B]e 'Awk mb lUojoMaaBqe" c*in>. 
U noxo"* fl3biAoma rpe^^ci^iB Bflxe3B h BoeaoAbi no* Tpoio i no^xa- 
BBma ^le^Boaia 3a''xaBB a 6tjie xe"xa a cxama no* Tpoio, a no'Ae 
Meaejae i^ a ype'mb aa atpe UpBt^Myma Kpajm apaxa*' tunrzi* 
Ejieay i^p^o 6e" pBaaa, Aa ae 3a Bet;^ pa** npo'e^oa BeiBKa Kpo' a 
MB03B Bflxe3B noFB^ay', a xoxrame npa* Bpaxa" i6, a yafeA* xo 
dlJie"ca"ApT> Gapa' a aobao xoxra noryfiB" Me[He]jayuia itpra b 
ype'mBma, ame ne tfw'' npeaMy" sa^Tyna*. H yatA* to 'Aaifiayma 



aa CBOJi Ai>iAepb Il,Bi&TaHU rocnoxiA^. h urr('b)noycTHeTa o6a ujApt Oype[K]inHma, 
Jlapri^meBa ci(i>i)Ha, h HaapasH OypeeKmunib cboh 6pi>3iiiH Kopa($b, koh npo- 
6HBUie CHJIHUJl MOpCKblj; BJfBHU H AonjioyBT» npHCTa noAi* XBopi. 

^) B-b pyRonucB 6tjioe ntcTo; nponycK'b BOcaojiBflercfl TeKCTOifB Mhkjo- 
lUHHa, crp. 170: aH noBpaTBinji EjieH;i; i^kpBi;;K 6e3 pi>BaflB, b xoii^ein> Mfitu Il,Bt- 
TaBj; rocaoM;A;K Baiii;^ sa Ejiesoyma, IIpttdMoymeBa c(u)Ba, Bb Tpo;^. H cibimaB-b 
TO uapHt^ H o6BeceiB ca op(ii)A(b)i;eirB BejiMB, b aaopaBB cbo;k ^bii^epe, b AacT('b) 
A OypeKiuK) noBecTB noj^l'b) Tpo;^. h Bflb>Ke A(i>)Hb noBeAe ^, Bb Tbu mM^^ opt- 
cTamji BibflBBBa nopio, h sb Tbi;i; HOiAb apBHAe Ileiema rocnoxcAft ki> Aranefloy 
uapio B pene eiioy: ocTaBB mh 6e3 6oa3flH cbo^ A^n^epb b ceK('b) oroi^'b, a3i> 6o 
MfljocTBBa eB zouvi^ 6faiTH B xpaBBTB AOBOiB'b. H er^a 6faicT('b) 3a yrpa, onoBin;^ a 

BBHO. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



110 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlif, 

rocno»ca i Ao'Ae Ha Gapema Xje^ca'^Apa h HaHa"" KapaTH c hh'' h 
pe"": Oj^je'caH^Ape, nour^tHH toh erAa a^ Tena^ CBoma 6ocbiHa ho- 
raiia no mo^'ckomj tu^oMy ne^ny 6e^ noKpbiBajra m^ tboc njaBO- 
rpHBacToranpo[y]citaHptxiTH: 'Aje*ca'Ape Gapaauo, cbAaMra Jio- 
6HraH, a noTOMi npi"Ae* BpeMra KaKO Mra xome"' tucTaBHTH. H xbi 
cia MHt KJieaeme: Hokk) Te6e lu'TaBH", aKo m xra tu^raBJio, to" Aa 
cBra peKa Aa noTene^ BO^'ora^. IlaKn Bsm^ e"" Ejeay uphio, aMene ecH 
tC^raBH^, Aa era xome'^Aa eia paAH BejHKa Kpo' npojH™ no* Tpoe" h 
MH03H norH^ny^. \ K^Aa xbi HArame b FpeKH na AB0^6y Menaiay 
iipio, Tb^Aa a" Mojra'' mo^cko' bbjc, Aa ycTaBH^ Mo^cKHe Bo'Hbi, Aa 
Tbi HAe"" Becejibi" cp^Ae"",. a KbAa 6bi' aeajia epe ch nora Ejeny xtphio 
H HAe"", TO naKH Aa yMOjraia 6bi'' BHjy, Tepe 6h tbo^ KopaGe no- 
TOHyjH. H iiu'^TaBH Ul)HHemb rocnosa ^je*ca"Apa h noHAe na Ejeny 
ufiSfo KapaTB^ c neio h pe"* en : noMrani KbAa to Hbi rpe CHAtxo" 
B MO^CKO" ttToite, H AOHAB Tese" BHTe' H "ara xefie h' Me"Ay Ha', h 
noTo" Te yse Menejay" apb, a CbAa ch bi TpeTiw oo^Tejno 
npejK)6bi coTBopHjra, a Mene H^rnaja, Aa era xou^e^aa sa Tra bo- 
jHKa Kpo' npojBTH. U cjbima' to Menejiae upb h Ype^mb, h I'sbi- 
A0*Ta H* Tpora h AOHAO^a Bb rpe'CKH" CTa" h Kaaa^a bc^mi, 
koh" 6t CMpTb u>Va w* ilje*ca"Apa u)'jiyqeHa. IlpHSBa^Ta 
tu6a ^pra nona KajiKama h naia^a e"^ Bonpoma*" : IIoBt'Ab naMa, 
KOB ce dAannra Tpe6e TpoH na pnauira, KaKO jh MOHcesfb Tpoio 
npiaTH? M pe' hmt> no" Ka'Kara: IXe^Boe TpeSe aobc^ 'AAHJrfemai 
Oe^jemcBa cua, h Apyroe Tpe6e npHBe^ IlHJiOTama IleTHqeBa cka 
[cT>] CTpejow raOHJOTOK), h AOKOje ctoh^ ^'fejo[HT>] na CTpama Ha 
BbicoKo" Kan;eje h lu^pa' Mnna^Be rocnoe, h AOKOJie ctoh* Kane" 
BeiB* Ha* BpaTbi, TaKO cy* nppaH npopeKjra^ He MOHce^aa Tpora 
nparaTH. H cjbima" to Ype'rae" b sajiowH cbok) rjiaBy na cp*my h 
coTBopi peneHHe" CTo'fiy , aaBe^ace lo h B*jt3e Homnib b Tpoio, [h yfiHJ 
/l^tiOHacTpaaanaBbicoKo" KacTejie, HB3ra tu^pa* Mnna^BO rocnoe h 
AOHAe Ha Tpo'cKa BpaTa Hna hh* 64 PeHAe" Kpa*, HyfiH e [HHSBeAe 
fitjiaro eapHHta PeHAema Kpajra]^) h aohac Brpe'CKin CTa" e Bejra- 



') 4»pa3a, onyu^eHHafl st TCKcrb b npHnHcaHHaa TOK>-H<e pyROio na noiiixi*. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. ill 

KOK) q^K). H Bo'secejiHine'' u'fia ifpw h bcw BoeBOXbi h ypose rpe'- 
cufij H ny'THma liaHaKma Aa Hn^e' Xumitma. 1/1 HCKa e*^ bo mhofh^ 
Micre'' H tuToae* h rpaAe"", h He Moate e"^ naHTH. flfliAO Ha bah uj* 
OTo' jrlni H Kpace" Be'MH, koh ctd soBrzime Ka^KaAfliHo' turo', h 
•xo^'ttToite 6tnie ny'^rt Kpaceai h b to" oH^ae 6ime Kpa* HueHe" 
Koera Kpa', i y xoro 6* Kpajrd .f . A*mepe" h .s*. iVuHjen". Bos- 
BpaTH no^ TpoK) h HcnoBOAa h", r^Ko HCKa' e*^ no Bct^ rpaAO"" h He 
Moro* u56pe*TH e^ H w'joCH^Taca u56a 5p« h *ct Be'uoace rpe'coiH 
H ny'^Bcra h oaKH ype^mema HCKa* 'Aaueema. H HanpaBH Ype'- 
nnifflb CBOH Kopa^Jb iiHo'^<ie''Hbi" 6Hcepo" n aiaTo" h pyxH siaTbiMH h 
Kpa'^bie lOHaKH h noBtA'i^ 6tjora eapHma PeHAema Kpajrd, h npe- 
JOHci ea Heiii CBtTJioe tupyniHe h [ci>]iiihto", na Koe" 6t DHcaHo tu^pa' 
npo^[p]aHHO' CBixa, cjr Hi^e n M^'njb h 3Bi3Abi h Gypr^i h jiaKOMHH 
MqbCii)pemaKpajtd, koh BcerAa «ejauie TpoBcrae KpoBH. Htu^pHHy'' 
Ha nope H noHAe HCKaTH ilqejeoia/ n npscTa Ha TO^'asAe turoKb 
BHeAfi>*6t Koera Kpa*. H yBHA* Koera Kpa' h Habue npoxHBy eny, 
aane eiiy 6i 6jH«HiH, ir BBeAe ero b noaaiy, h tu6eA0Baxy na 
eAHHo' Tpaneae. Hno tCetAe pe' Ype'inH" Kpajw: U) rjne, ae anaib 
Kpaje*c(o)TBO TH, ny'^ma Mental u;6a Hpr^ h Aama AapoBH tboh" 
x'mepe", a mob" cecxpa", Aa noaejE h" Aa HSbiAy' Ha Mo^CKiH tuxo", 
Aa CH BaBMaKf uifl e kooh Aparoe. II noatji Kpa' BBbixH B&kwb 
rocno*AaMi> h' ABopa ua Mope, h Haqama BSBuaxH qxo koei jiio6h*, a 
iiUHjree" CToranie nonwAyra naeapHiRa, who coko' HanxHoy, HMHHy 
MBiio Hera h pe**: CbH oapH* noAo^pa' BHxearzi h cae tupyHHe na 
He'^Bt nnipyiuiH ojieiuH h CbHH lunrb na uerony Kpi^nKOio Mbi^oy. II 
C4bima' xo ype*fflH° h hojohh eny cboh pynH na paait e*^ h pe' ko 
AuHjeemy: CA) 6£ie AeBBqe, Hoycxpama'cra iju^ Tpora, 6»HAae* xe6e 
Tpora Ha paaopoHHe. H xy npe^*^BapH ype*me" 'Auaieema h noBeAe 
e' no* Tpoia H AOHAOCxa na npHAe*CKHe uttokh, b 'xo" wroufi 
6tme BHxeaH HeKxopa Kpajiii, cyja'^HH' Oejecno" c niiii, h xoxtxy 
Aa noryCrzi^ Xi^HJieenia h ype*aiHma. H noHAe npoxHsy Xi^i jee" na 
6ijo" eapR^K) Hy6H Oejienona cyjH^HHKa HeroBy Apy^^Hy, H^pe- 
6oHa BRxe3a h GKa'APH<^& h ne'i^Baro E^Mona, h B3r^ XqHiee" 
GejiecnoHa cyjiH^HBHa [Au^epb] Epase'Ay rocnoib, Kora Crame naH- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



112. A. H. BECEJ03CKlft, 

Mfkuim BO xpoHCKH* cxpaHa'', H noBCAe K) no* Tpoib. H AOHAOCxa bo 
rpe'CKiH cxa" c BejiiKOio i^riio, h u/6BecejHCTa cm tvCa Apw h bch 
Be'MoacBe h bch ypoBe rpe'cAin h parya'cain h sBTese. H TBoputme 
6pa' HeKTo^ Kpa' h nopaaame MHoaecxBO rpe'cKH'' BBxesen Ha 
Bcr<i" A Hb H MHorne Be^Moace nory6'rame, h 6orauie' r^aca Auejee- 
mcBa. H erAa 6hf b HiKBl Ae', h HanpaBB* 'MH^ee" h noHAe no* 
CBOib a'^MaxocHK) h cboh" SHaMenHe" npoxHBy EKxopy Kpajw, h 
cxa'me'^ noJwfiBCxacw h racxacra 3a pyra, h xoh Ae" ho xoxracxa era 
6hxh. Bixy njeHHJH rpe^cxin BHxe3H xpoHCKHe cxpaHBi h npHBejH 
etraePn^eyme nona x'me^ PnaceyAy rocnoio (pKn. r ae), Kora fitma 
Hawe'ma b xpoHCKH* cxpaHa\ BHA^Bb 10 'AraneHo upb jitny h Kpa^ny , 
Bsra* K) ceCt, a \pH«e;ynib 6* no" chti TeCyra 6ra, h yntA* to 
Te6y* 6on> h paarHtBacw bo'mh h nycxH cboh" Bo'rae^xBO" BejraKiH 
HeAyrb BTi rpe'cKyw BOHCKy, hmhosh nonnpaxy. HBonpocH iSjuuiee" 
Ka*Kama nona: IIo'xo paVniBa* na na* 60' h xome" norn^EHXH? H 
pe' KajKa" no": Sane e j\raiie° ^h PHHeyma nona xn^e^ bbw*, a 
Pnatey" no" chi> e*xb TeCyxa 6ora, h pe"jT> e Te6y* eon*: 
Ao"Ae«e ne noBpaxw^ PnaeyAe rocno'AC w'my era, ne xome^cl 
HeAy*^ npe^axH w* rpe^'cKHe bohckh. Cjbime' ace cnra 'Aiwuee" 
PnateyAe rocno'Ae (Micl. earb aa p^k;?n.... PnaceoyA^ rocnoatA^'ix) 
h Bo'BpaxH K) KO u/'^y era. H pa'raeBa'ace^ iirane" 5pb Bsra^ 
ficeny 'AqHJieemy, h pa'rntBa^ iVi^Hjee"" n ho xoxrame nsbixH na 
paxb Ha EKxopa. H ny^cxa tufia upra ype'mema h THBynepa hxh 
KO iii^EiteniK), H peKO'ra XAHjeemio: Paho, tucxaBH cboh rat' i 
bo'mh uJpyaue h no*" npoxHBy Enxopy npajK) Aa 6^*^ tu^'xaBH* rpe'- 
CKHe BOHCKH. iVitHJoe" HHHxo* tu^BemoBame. H ny'^Hcxa tu6a ni)ra 
llflHjeeniK) Bpt«e"Ay rocno«y Aa pa'roBopH' e"^, h Haia* CectAO- 
BaxH K HeMy: Hy^jia Mra ""xa tuCa Apra Aa Mra npHMC-"' uunraxb, h 
tD^aBH rutBiCBOH, H3biAH HO* TpoK) Ha6pa", Aa"HO* wjif>JL¥ EKxopy 
KpajK). H 'AitHjee" hhixo* tu^nema. H HanpaBH^ 'AnanW h noHAe 
Ha EKxopa, h "ara Ma"mb KaneHb, Koe^ ho Mory' Ana BHxeaa abbf- 
HyxH, H Hara'AH h yAapn l^Kxopa Kpajra, h no'jie'ny Ekxo' h erona 
eapira na seuiio h u>*^pamb era pe\* Htcxb cen yAa^ w^ rpe'cKH* 
yAa^, HO e*^ w* itpijKHHCKiH* KpoBH. H BonpocH e*^: Kxo e'' xw? H 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B3T> HCTOPIB POHAHA H OOBI^CTH. 113 

pe' eMy: A* e'Mb Hana'mb. H E'to** pe': ripaso (pe') HtcH tm uu^ 
rpeqe'ice* BHTra', ay cb tb u/^ npaaBBCKBe KpoBB, a E^eoea b roc- 
Doata Mat e*Tb cecxpa. H Aa*' eny, E'ropy, cBoe*^ sjaxaro Meqa b 
pe' Mo[y]: UJnoraniB* cb" 3jaxbi" Meqe" no tupyasBib CBoeMy Aa er^a 
BAeniB Ha p'saHw Aa a' tu^ xe6e He norB^Hy a xbi u)^ Mene. H no'Ae 
E"xo^ B TpoK) H npBme* pe' 6paxy CBoeMy ^Jie*ca"Apy GapB«y: He 
Te6e pa*" jb npB*' 6pa" cara na Tpoio h a* xe6e pa*" Kpo" cbok) npo- 
jBBa", a xbi ae xomema HBKOPAa B3bixfl co mhok> aa pBaaio. U p6* 
noHXB, B KbAa 6bi*' aayxpa h uanpaBB^ iUe'ca'Api b noBAe aa 6pa", 
ByBBABMeaejaeSpb raKO ^Jte^ca^Apij Ilapa* BAe' aa 6pa", b aaiBHH 
era Meaejaymb fipb b noHAe apoxHBy CMy, h aara'AB^xa era, -b ypB2L 
Meaciae ^e^ca"Apa Gapaaca, b Jieacame b xpobckomt> npace. H 
Bpau^b era Meaejiae fipb b xoxraxy e' norySa" ao Ko"iia, h apac- 
ntrae Beayuia roeno'Aa b eoxBopa BejBKy Mbrjiy, ^ b ae Moace e"^ 
u?*pe*XB, ao yfieacb b* TpoK). H bha* ero Ejeaa v$ujaL h pe' eMy: 
Xje"ca"Ape GapaacK), BtAt roeopra^ xb, npo"By ae aexo*" Meae- 
jaymy Hpw, saae 60 e noxpa^'pb w^ xe6e, a xbi eca no'^^xe" roeno- 
Ab" b BOAo^'pb Brpe" arpa" b BecejBXB"^ 3 roeno'AaMB, BBAfe' 60 raao 
XBOB ace'xB Bjraca Jieacaxy b xpoBCKo" apace, ame ae 6bi 6pa^ xbo" 
EKxe^ Kpa' Bo'fipaaa' rpe'cKBMB BHxese" Aa npaAema b Tpow. H 
aSae Erxo^ Kpa' CBrame rpe'cKae Boe, iVaajee" a;e ceArame a ne- 
Aaaie. H npiBAe a;'po" 'Majieeme" HMeae" IIoxpBKo'aib ao'^b", koh 
c aa" CABBO ftfJieKO eca*, h pe' eny: F^'AHe 'Auajeemy, npiaMa eaoe 
uupyatBe a cbob eapa' b noa*" no* cbob" saaMeaae" npoxBsy EKxopy 
KpaJK), au;e JIB ae xoHiema, Aa ny^xa Meae a aanpaBB Meae B*XBoe" 
tupyacBe no* xbob" saaMeaae", Aa'aao era 6bi Bo'spaxa' Ekxo** Kpa" 
u;' aa^ H ny'^xB e' 'Aaajiee". H BBAt Ekxo^ Kpa* saaiweHBe iVaBJiee- 
racBO B y6ora^ h ero" eapB* h aa^a Cewa", a naKH Bo'spaxa'' h pe": 
Ht*' MB cpaMoxa w'' Ao6pa BHxesra yM^pxa. H aana^^xa'' 6bxb, b y6H 
E'xo'' noxpoKOJiyma h npaBrasa e'' eapaacy e'^ ko ivnaoiB a noBje^e 
e' B* TpoK, H paAOBama"^ Mara rano 'Aaajeema y6a. Bba* xo 'Aub- 
jee" acajo'^re" 6t ae'MB a nj^'xB Mxpa CBoeB Texaoia rocno*At bi 
EjJ!B"ai a pe' ea: ^o ny^'ra mb tuaoKoa tupyacae aaKOBO xo mb 6tine 
• B npe'AG AaAaJia, ame jb mb ae AacB, Aa noae^'xa kk) mow rjaay 

C6opHHK% n Ota. h. a. h. 8 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

A 



114 A. H. BECEJIOBCKI&, 

rojiy no* Tpo'cKH smxb h k xoMy^MeHe He BHABmn. H cjibima'me to 
Texflma rocno'Aa h noHAe b ropy [kt>] Ka^Kanymy KOBa^K), no* koh" 
6* xpHCTa Majbi* AtraBo', h Aa*® emy m ho*" ajiaxa h pe" bmj nocKopo 
CKOBa" Bcrana tupy'nara. H cKosa u;pyH;Hrd AO^pa, h ny^H TexHrna 
rocnoaca ^uHJieemy CHy CBoeMy no* Tpoio. H 'koh Ae" npHneceHO 
6bi^ opyHHe ce, b* xy" ho'' bha* co' atena E\opa EBxponnra roc- 
noa;*a h paafiy*" era w'' ch a CBoe'^ h naia njiaKa'" atajio^Ho h ^'xa^ran 
HAe npe* Jo*flHny CBe"pa CBoe"" EperdMyma Kpa^ra. H cjibima" xo 
npHraBfy" Kpa' h pe': Kxo e® npe* Moeio Jo'HHueio b nojynomb h 
TOJiHKO njiaqe^? H pe" rocno3K*a: rocno*"He, eno e^'anb a' caMa h 
fftCMb ne^BO npHxo*"4a hh roBopnjia, h cbAa xh roBopio h mojiio xra: 
He lu^nyma" ciTa CBoe' bo yxpe°He" Ae" Ha p BanHK) Ha 'AuHjeema, 
epe ra ne Ke" liJnra^ AoseKa". H cjibima"xonpHaMy'"Haqa k) Bonpa- 
oia" B^cxa'*, H CKaaa einy co" eace bha*: HSbiAO h*' Tpora BeJiHKa 
Me'Kara, h3 rpe'CKHe bohcko (pKn. bohcbc) Be"pb HHana^a'' 6opHXH, 
H nocese Be"pb Me'Ky h jieHcame na xpoHCKo" npace h BOBJiene e"" 
Bb rpe^'cKH" lUKo', H K xoMy He BHA^xb Kawo ''A'kHy. Jljai, iuifi ny'^xH" 
EKxopa, xo He Ke° ra BHAtxH. H cjibinia" xo TIptaMy" Kpa' h na^a 

V 

xtuIH" XHXHMH CecfeAaMH ! tU TOCHOHe, He 3J0CePAH^ MB XOKe" CXBO- 

pe" qxo e^'xb AO^po. H npoBo*" b^ jio^HHi^y era. H cbAa 6bi^ aayxpa 
H HanpaBH° E^xo^ Kpa' na 6pa", h HSbiAOOia npoxHBy eMy xponcKee 
rocnoHt*iH, mxh ero TiKyna rocnoaca h acena e"" A^Apoeira rocnoaca 
H cecxpbi e'' Kampa°Apa h IIojihk merana, h BOsCpanraxy einy Aa ne 
6bi h*xoab' na 6pa°, h u^° era nexoxrame tu'i'aBH". H B[p]ia;e acena 
e'Ba efia ero h Mex'ny npe* oapnaca e^'Ba, Aa era 6hi BO^BjpaxH*, a 
o" era He xoxrame Bo'spaxH^", h pe"" eMy acena e"" A"Apoe'fera roenoasa: 
Oj E^xope, noHOKa" nene Majo. H uje*mH b jo*HHuy cbok) eoBjieqe 
cb ee6e eBH'noe pyxH h tu^jiene ne'^Hbie pH3bi h hac npe* He'' h exa 
npe* eapoa^e" ero h pe': tO Enxope Kpajio, Aa BteH an^e era He 
BpaxH" CbAa, xo h tuBaKOHKO pyxo noea" no xe6t. H xaKo E^^o^ 
ne BpaxH% ho noHAe npoxHBy JVuejeemy. H eocxaBBuia*^, ne encxa" 
B xo" Ae", HO nocxaBH^'xa po* Chxh'' sayxpa. H "xo" Ae° y6H E'Yo'' 
.3. j-po" rpe'cKH^. H 3ayxpa H3bi*^ E"xo^ Kpa* h Hanacxa'^ 6h" Cb 
'AuHJieeme", h natxa i^uHjiee" Enxopa h ypBa e'' h upo6o*^ h mp'xbt> 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X nCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 115 

na*® Ha 3e"jiio, h "ara e"" !\aHjee*" i noHece Ha cboh cxa". H BHAtrae 
TpoHCKHe Be^MOHH u rocHo^e H naTOma acajiocTHO njaKa", h 'ara 
IlpiaMy" Kpa' na ce6e HHmen xy^bie pnaw h ry'^jH h no'^e bi> 
rpe'CKyio Bo"cKy h na^a nbixa" J^AHJiHemeBa KaxyHa: Kora eAe° 
6fT> none', Aa Mu nanoH h HaKO^MH rptmHa'' h CTpa"Ha^ H lOHjie 
!\iiHjeeme" Kaxy" h Haqa ry"^ b ryciH JKajio^rno bc^mh, h Aarame 
eMy ti)'' Beqepa CBoe racxH h nn™. Kora 6bf no Benepn, jeroma 
cnaxn ntraHH h ycHyma h cxpa'e, h BO^xa npHrawy" h naqa HCKa" 
cna CBoe"" EKXopa Kpajra h tt56pexe e' na no°xejH Mp xna Cb Xuh- 
jeenie" jieacama, h Bnai' e** ripHraMy" wp xBa h BO^AO^ny' u;* cp*iia 
BG^MH. H BHA^Bb xo 'VuHJiteuib PI vcxpamH H pe"" CMy: Kxo e"" xbi? 
H pe' uj": A^ e'^Mb npiaiwy" Kpa' h nmy cfia CBoe"^ EKxepa Kpajra. 
H pe' ewy !Vi;Hjeeaib: !VmH xbi ecH XIpHaMy", xo a' it^ cxpaxa 
XBoe"" we^xBT) e*Mb. H pe"" JIpiaMy": He 6oii crd, rA^'ue, vx)'' MjaAa xo'' 
Hicxb coxBopH* Aa corama BHxeara ooryfijio, ho npomy cna CBoe"" 
E'xopa. H pe' my ^aHJiiemb: fl^a a' xo coxBopw Aa a' nonecy 
E^xopa na cbok) njemy b Tpoio no Bipi (pKn.— b) [n] KJira'^Be 
nptaMymeBt, Aa 3ApaB0 BHHAy h naKH nabuy. H aajTpa BseM 
JVaHjee"" E^opa Kpajira A none'^ e*" b Tpow, ii nptAaina e*" xpo"CKn" 
rocnoa;a", h naqama e*" n^ana". H pe' eMy IlptraMy"": 'AaH.ieemy, 
noHAeBC B'b ii'pKo' KJirdXH^ Apy' Apyry sjo He mwcjih", Aa 6bi ctMra 
tu*TaBH' B TpoK) H Aa XH BAaMT> MOK) xu^ep no'Kmeny rocnoacy, 
Kora xo i HaHjtnmHe bo 'ce^ rocnoma* xpoHCKH^. H noHAO^'xa bt> 
apKo' H KJifzi* nptraMy" npbBie h iv'cxynH npo% n noKjeny 5^aH.iee" 
KjraxH^ raKO He psa" Tpoio, h xy h ce6e CKpbi" Ejieny" IlptraMymo" 
CHT> H yAapH iVuejeyuia r^AOBHxoK) cxpejioib b nraxy, sane 6t Be'' 
apyate", xojHKoxo*"ja e'' 6e* acejtaa. TorAa 'AuHJiee" na* naaeM jk) 
nVrae. H BHAt' xo UpHaMy" Kpa* ws^oGb"" Be'MH, h coBjeqe c hp' 
npnaMy" tCpy'e Bce ii a-^nycxe wStwa u* pwa h CKaaa HMa Ka[Ko] 
eMy Btpy HSJOMHina, Aa ame Be^Hxa, Aa xt.iO ero npHnecy k na". 
H njaKama bc^mh BHAt'me u;py"e i^uHJitemeBO h nopyiBCxa 
IIperaMyiny Kpajio CbacenxH xtjio e*^ h "cbina" b KO^qa^ Aa coxBopn" 
rpo* ero na AaJie^Ho" aew.TH. Cibima xo IlpiaMy" Kpa' h co"He njio^ 
e' H BCbina bo 3ja^ Ko^^an, h a^ny'^xH tu6tMa a pMa. H BtAtma 

8* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



116 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

n^H H ypoBe rpe^OTl h AHBHma'' rJme: Ol) chjio h cjiaBa kuwe- 
meBa, KaKO tra He cbBbSCMaxy (pKn.: — ry) bch rpa^OBe h ijutoubi, 
a ccAa eAB" KO^qarb 3jia' etcTb xra nje"! 

H Haqa Ype^mH" npocHXB opyacBw e' h He AaBame ra UaHanmb, 
HO peV tO rpe'cain apie h Be'Moaui h ypoBe capaKiHCOH'i h najia- 
ni'ciUH H paryB'cuiH BHTesH, He AaBa'xe Oype^memy opyaeHra ^ufi- 
jieeraeBa, He yiwte' 60 c hh" Ba" pafioxa", ho AaBanxe iVIaKDiy koh 
TO ra yMt hochtb, h noMraHere: Kl»Aa npiHAO^ cb .If. KOj^a^jin na 
noMonib Ba" 6e' 3ano[Bt]*", a ype^ma" era 6t ct>tboph' etceH-b, 
xepe neco' tupame a co'' ctrame jia era He npHqa're' xpoHCKo" KpoBH. 
H naKH iv^Bema ype'nra" h pe": Oypone rpe'eam, ne AaBaHxe 
\aaKmy 6py«He to, ho ooMraneTe: Ko'^a xorfexo"* bo tuxoiie u3ho" 
iv'sjbira SypranorHHy" aa OHyw KomyTy, r ne cm* hohth ianaKmb 
tunra' B'b FpeKH 3a UBCTany rocno»*y, ho hohaoh* a' h npineAO* 10, 
H CTaraa BO'^HenHa MO^CKara, h Bbi noHAOCTe c Bece^eM no* Tpoio. 
Jljdi npHcy*"Te ype^'mHniy opy»i* to. H pe' HanaKmb: 0) rpeqecain 
ypoBe, He npacyaca'Te ypeK*iDHDiy tupyjKeta to', npicy^'Te e MhSk my, 
KOH xou^e^ Ba" no^Teno c hh" paSoTa", h noMraneTe to: e^a aohao- 
xo" no* TpoK) Ha 6pa" h ypna Ejeny" IlpiaMymo' c'ht, THoy^epa 
/I,HaeBymeBa c na, h 6jih' ne' St ype"mH° h ne CMtarae e*" tuTerH, i 
tuTe* ero a' HanaK^mb. ^aAHTe mh^ to tupyacne. H pe' ype"me°: 
UJ rpe'^CTm ypoBe, noMranHTe: KorAa a' aajoJKH* cbok) rjaBy na 
cptniK) H noHAO* B TpoK) HoniHio, h coTBopH^ Bcra Ba" e' na no'ay, 
H H^BeAo* Stjioro oapaaca PeHAema Kpajra, a to'' noryfiH^, aohao* 
K Ba" c BejHKOK) H^^Tiio. JlfiiiTe MHt to tupyjKHe H He AaaaHTe 
HafiaK^my, koh ne jMteTb hh eAHHo" Ba" q°Ti coTBopn". H pe' 
'Ana^mb: tO rpe'cTHi ypoBe, noMrauHTe to, erAa hohao^ upoTOBy 
EK*Topy KpajiK) H B3ra* BCJiHKiH KaMe", Kor(A)a ne Mo*Aaxy ABHray" 
ABa BHTeaa tu' 3e"jra, h jAapa^ E"Topa Kpajira, h noKje^ny £"^0^ h 
HeroB napH* na 3e".iK). /I,a npHcy*"Te MHt to tupyatHe, a He Aana^re 
ra ype'my na njiemHByio rjany. H naqa roBopn" ype^nia thxhmh 
CectAaMH: dO rocno^'na iipra h bch [e]roBH Be'MoaHe h ypoBH, Aa 
BtcTe, a' HHqero' nporay, ho Mene ny^HTe, Aa ^UHitraa AoneAy : h 
npiaeAO* ero k Ba", Aa CbAa e*^ oponiy Ba", Aa*"Te e"^ MHt ctMO, Aa 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H flOBtCTH. 117 

tu^BCAy H Do'^aBJK), FA* Tora cbmb Hyae*. Tor^a apt h 'ce BoeBOABi 
H ypoBe rpe^caiH, kob ceAr^xy b Kyne, b ea^iama norjrziAaTB Apy" sa 
Apyra b bc Birfexy qjo w'BemaTB Ype'inBuiy, b Aaraa eny tupyacie 
!^iiBjteiDeBO Aa b" He 6bi npocB' i\i^jieema. H bba^ iisa^'inb b Bsra 
cbob MajbiB Me' b npofioAe® ea to" Mtcrfe 3a ataJo^'Tb cbok. H wbio6il^ 
w to" Bcra BOBCRa rpe'CKara b tuCa apra. H bba* to Ype'ine", icaKO** 
u53Jo6Hftra tu6a u'pra b "cb 5oj«pe e', b pe' ype'mB"" tufitna u peitfa: 
He 'jo6BTa ca, rocno*"Ba mow, hH Aa BtcTa B'stcTHO, a' saMt 
xomy coTBopBTB Kano xome" Tpow npawTB je^riio. H BBAt'me to 
MKyna rocnoaca Tpo"cKa, rano xome* Tpora cko"%*", b nanpaBB 
cffa CBoe'' Me'me'^, Kora sosemB IlBjrBABapy", b ny*TB e' Ha o"njb 
Mopr^ IIojraHemepy Kpajio, kob KpajeBame no 'ceB IlaraHCH, b mho- 
rara c'hb" 3JiaTa b cpe^pa, erAa* 6b ccmh (pra. — b) yxpann tu' Tpoe. 
H yMbicjB ype*inB°-H apeMa ooBeje ny*TB*" sb rpera b AOHe^TB 
mV' b uKbJO B BOCKb, B coTBopB 3610 Kpa^Ha oapBHca ctpa, B B'^fipa 
.T. BBTe' xpa^pbi^ B uipyaca" noca*" h"" b HeMb. H Bo'^a'mB BOBCKa 
3aine%iB cKpw* b Kopa^JB noTaBme* b mBMo[B]raeBbi* 6pe3e*. H 
B3biAoma B^ Tpord na ttKOjnima rpe'cKaa b BHAinia eapBHca xfena h 
Kpa^Ha Be'MB, b noBtAaine Tpo"cKB" rocnoata" b peKoma: 'Ano^e 6bi 
era" eapB" 6bi' b Tpon, mhofo 6bi My xfenorfe npBfibuo. H peKoma 
TpoBCKBe rocnoacB: UpBBeAeTe e' Ha" Aa ra bhab". H TBopBma 
npoTBBy e' ctHB b noBe3onia e"" bt> Tpow b AOBAoma ao spa* rpaAy, 
B He MOHce BBBTB eABBo yxo BO Bpara. H 6iaine BejB* KaMe' na' 
BpaTbi rpaAa b xoTwxy iuSbth yxo eapsHcy, b AaAorae* TpoHCKie 
rocnos^ bo b peKoma CbTjbiuH KaMe' BHce 6iine na* BpaTbi, b naKH 
xome", pe', 3a3BAa" noAofipt, a eapBma ne mo3htb tu*py«BTB. H 
pacTo'Koma spaTa b 'fie3oma eapBSKa bo rpa*. ^a erAa 6hf BHyTpB, 
TorAa BOHBB pa'6Bma ubRjio "^bbmb rjaBaMB b Haupa^Ho H^cKOHB'me 
BceKoma MHO»e*TBO JiioAe" b npBe"rae rpa*, b npBcntma MO^ci^in 
Kopa^jra B td* no cyxy bobcrb BCoo'HB'me rpa* b aaqama ctno^B 
Tpo'cKHw BBTe3B, a Apyrio B'MeTa'nie b Mope. H B'seAoma i\je*- 
ca'Apa B Ejeny uphio h* BbicoKO^ na'^ra npe* Menejayma upra, h 
pe' eMy Ejena upha: WJ rocno*"fle apk), tm 6hf bckc Kpi", hbmj mw 
tu^raBB CO !liJie"ca"Apo" Gapiace", Aa MeBO cbob" npesapH HOBip'- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



118 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, H31> BCTOPIB POMAHA fl DOBI^CTB. 

CTBo"? H it^Bema gb upb b pe': CW rocnoiKe EjieHO, Aa BicB wko 
tu^ceje Aa coxBopio a', Aa b^ hbkto Te6e ae npeBapa hb npe'CTB''. 
H nosej* uJCtMa co !Ue*ca"Apo" rjasbi yctKay", b xaKO CKo'qa^ H 
B'BeAoma IlKyoy rocnoacy b 'ct rpo'cKBe rocno»'B, b noceKOtna 
UojB'meHy rocnoacy aa J^uBjeracBy rpo6y, raKo xoa pa*" nonray. 
WKyny m Vpb ee AaAoma aa Ae'6t Ype^mBmy, b noBeAe lo co npo- 
HBMB rocooac'aMB, B KoocAO CBoe'' ooBe*^ H uaqama luaKa™ Tpo'cKBe 
rocnoacBy b Ttmame b' I^Kyna KpajiBi^a rTmB: Mo^^Bre, qaAaMora, 
He DjaiBTe"^, a' BMa" tko Ke name Cib3fl yroiBTB. II ysB^ to IIojb- 
Hempi> Kpa', KaKo CKo'qa Tpora, b noBexik saKiaxB IIojiBABopyma 
IIpiaHynieBa c*Ha b pe^ Me^HyTB e*^ b Hope. H xy npB'rama Kopa6B 
rpe'cxiB, b 'ata MKyna Be*po noie^'cxB BOAy b ofipexe c*Ba CBoe' 
MP xea B 'syoBi rjaco" BejraB" IIJlaqK)I^B^ H cjibima xo FIoJiBHempb 
Kpa* BB3bi*' Ha yxemeHBe WKyne BapiSiBSB"^ xpoBCKB" rocno»a'' aa 
yxemeHBe, xorAa xae 'cxa'me aa' b aosesi ero afiOAoma, b BBAt'me 
xo rpa'Aaae b no6Bma b^ KaMeaie". H ao'BpaxB^ i; pb Meaejiayoib 
CO BctMB rpcKB c BejBKOK) i^Tiio cxow'ffle no* Tpoe". .f. itxb b 

.3. M^b. 

H xaKO cKo"Ha* xpo"cKoe Kpajie'cxBo npe"Ae p»^Ba x*Ba aa 
.x|. jitxT> eHAeKXfltuaa .3. ro. H xaao 6rib CMBprae* Bo'aocraavi^cn] 
B ctMfzi aen'xBbi^ uoxpefia*, raKo" oppKb npoBo'secxB rSra : BBAf" 
aei^xBa*" opeBO'Bocraa^ecrd b Bbicraaiacra b mbmo bao*, b ae w^pexe 
Mtcxo e' K xoMy, raao 6fb npaBCAe" b npa'Ay bo*jik)6b, a ny" 
aeq'^xBbi* noxpefia i CBoeib Mbi"iieK) ro^Aw" npoxBBw^oa, a npaBO 
xoArama" Aae^ CjVoAaxb a ae jbidb^ Ao6pa xoxtama^ ae3Jio6oH)i, 
WKO xoMy noAo6ae* Bcraaa cjasa, q*xb b ooKJoaraaBe, w'oy b c'aj' a 
cxoMy Axy aae b npi^'ao a bo aeKB BeKo" aMiab. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



W) co3*aelH I 6 nitHenlH xpo'cKo" i 6 KOHeHt" pa'peniH 

e" 6bi npH EaeKlH ifpH IioAeHCxt" (no pKo. CIIB. AyxoBHoi 

AKaAeMiH J\fe 126 = Hob.Co*. J\6 1497, XVI BtKa). 

BAine B n6p BRA BpeiieH& apb h'skih HHCHe'' IIpHAe, h 6bi'ffly 
ewy Ha job* b hbkoc"' 0T6iit mocko", oy Hero* (jo e'^nuk cxpaHbi 
Teqdme BejraKoe Mope, a w Api^rla crpaHbi GKOHaH^pa ptna, a w 
r- a crpaHbi IlejiemHao M6pe, a w .a. ctpaHbi cxoAnie jl^ Ay^^^a, 
a ro e- a crpaHbi iqao', ha*' pacxAxo^ ap^bIc h i^iTH pa'jSHiH: 
bha'E me opb Ao6p6T!^ MBCxa h na s^axH rpa^ B'b hma cbo^ i no 
ce6x noBCjfe ch^ CBoeaiX a^axH xdKO", h npdnlH sanoBiAoxo^ ko»*o 
CHO^ CBoeMy, h c npe"HH" ^pe" nsm& a^dra Bct^ .s. ao Tp6iia opA, 
h" BAme Bct* A'tJio CBTBopH H Hape BT) CBoe HMA Tp6a rpa*. TpoH* 
po" IIplaMa uapA, oy Hero" flpaa fiaieHe" ikKdiia. H po*" jifik cna, 
EKT6pa i 'AjieKcdH*pa h* h <l>apH", 6 He" ate oycMoxpHma bjt>cbh, 
raKo ero pa*" x6nte^ Tpoi rpa* paaopixfi. Upb* pe ateufe cboch: Ilo- 
BejB Aa oySbio* ero, wna" nomaA^'mn npacoxbi pa*" ero. H bismo^- 
»a" npl'HAe k MenejAwapK) rpecKOMy, e" S ejjH'cKOMO^, ciyasH" cb 
MHorH" cFa^cxBo" h ct> oxpoKH. Upb B'b'BeceJH at JO, cpBxe e Aai^ 
H atjoBd H, H pe eMO^ 'Aje^an^pi: IIpXHAO^ a" upio cjyatHxH xe6t ne 
h4 saarb h cpe6pt, ho §xh pa*" xboca. Upb* Bse" ero Kb Ejieat 
iipi^H CBoeH B nojidxo^, h aaaxo^ h ni'Axy na e*"Ht. I6r*a yMbiBa* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



120 A. H. RECEJTOBCKIH, 

pinfk H oyfipo^co" oxepa^y, XjeKcaH^pt nncdme Ha oyfipycfe ^pbBji6- 
Hbi" BHHO" CH***: Ll,pua Ejieea, jio6h ma, raKo aax xeCt. Ilocja* Me- 
Hej&e npb ki> Cpdry cbogmo^ 'AraM^Hy vja: Pa'yfi fipdrfe, rawHt 
xota' cjo^hh" 6pa"a Moa apii. GOnnca* eMy 6pa' e: Bjno*" Aa ne ■ 
npTHAe* qfoacda Ao6p6Ta h bi'mg' Hdrao^ qxb, h Ha" 6oyAe^ BejHKa 
cpaMoxa. n noHAH Meneja' upb Ha bohh!( h noBeji ^leKcaH^py Aa 
n6HAe* c hh", w ate cbTBopfi 66jie" h Jie" bt> upKo' noji&rfe, er*a pe 
a^B-b CoyAy, hao^ B'b oit* xeC'^. Ilo o^mexBliH" up a H3bi** iipi^a c*b 
6tpok6bhiui"" npoxo*"xH no rpa^y, !\^kc4h*pt>* bt»cxhxh" i6 npYHAe 
BT> Tp6H rpa* k 65y ch h MipH. Cjibima' »e MenejidH upi h 6pa^ e 
5iraMe" npb CT>6pdraa CHjy B6HCKi{ b6jIi6 atjio. ^a pcT. KopaC^e", no- 
cxdBH'oiaapA'AxHJi^a ^lanHna pdxH Ha^a^HHKa nnplV^ma no^ TpdH. 
Tp6AHe" dojxqHBmS Hcnpbsa A66pi CopAxoy c hhmh, Aa taKo" hc- 
KycHma iVxHj6eB0 cxpeMji6Hi'e h xpACpo, ciAAxo^ bi rpaA* saKJiio- 
HH"ni§. rioxo" 3Ke HtKaA menh Bj^xByiomH no^cxH Bjn>H6Hi'e Hd Mopt 
Aa noro^CH' bca KopaSJiA rpecKaA, h Adcib ch iipb JVraMe" Ame 
CBOK) EI,BtxdHy, I oycxdBH Cypio, h pAxoBaxo^ Tp6K). 1 HSbue npo- 
XHBO^ h" Ekxo upb IlpiaMo' cffb H Ha cxpt JA XH cxp^jidio ex Ourne", 
H e^'Hbi" nym^Hie" norpyaca"® xpn KopafijTA rpecKaA. I H3bi** iVxH- 
j4r Hd 6pa' orne" AkixdA h pa'CHBde"" nxbKH h noSHsde^ opbBO- 
66p*iia I oyfiH EKx6pa apA. H nplA" iipb npliHAe Hdm'iio b no'KT> na* 
CHAma XxHj6a h ne nori^fiH e . Xxhji6h" B3e" tu IlpidMa upA cji6bo 
KJAXBenoe, e" k xomo^ ne BoesaxS, h nonece EKT6pa Ha CBoeib 
wemo^ H npeAdcxb h xpoAHo". H me* kxHjeH c IlpHdMO" ape" 
BnjBb!4jioj6Hio cbBpbiDHXH kjaxbX, JVjreKcdHApi" TrK oy6H Xxhj6a. 
noxo"Hce ndKH 6bima Moyacen oyfilenJa h saKJia'a h odKH kp6b*mr 
oGjhaca 3eMJA xpdncKaA, h ndKH oKpOBaai^Hbi 6bima CKOMaR^po'*' 
cxpyA, A(5HAe" BJixBbi h" H3peK6raa nJpqxBo", raKO ni h6iiiho 
pa"i6 b3a" Tp6A, ho x6kiio ji^cxIk). I aCXe cxA'^Ama koha AP^BAna 
BejHKa 3tj5 H saxBopHina b He" M0^»a xpdfipw, h cdMH CChxh 
MHAXOy BT) CBO&CH, ciKpbima 60 Bl ocxpoB*. TpoAHe" HHKOro" 
BHAt'mH, xoMO KOHA cxoAma, H BHecoma er6 bt» rpa*, Hrpa" h nY- 
xle" ce6t BAdBnie 1 oycnyBme rjlf66KH" cho", Moyacle* Hsrae^me h* 
KOHA 3a"r6nia xpdMbi i Bpaxa rpa*y CCBeP36nia, ejjHHH" wko boa2i 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPraC POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 121 

BJHrsimaHBdAma rpa^, H'ciKdoia bca Be'M6»ca,H3Be^^ma*iljieKcaH*pa 
I Ej6flo^ ^p^o^ K MeHejrdio. O'ace noBait h"" oyciKHoy", h np6qee 
pacRondma rpa^ h' oceoBa^A h nycTO CBTBopHma bca. B'b'BpaTH me 
MeaejidK) iipb c no6'fe*'*i6 h BejHKo htlio, ctoa no* Tp6e" . T. jrfe* h 
.3. M^b. Haraca* o ce" dob^ cIio TBope" 6mh. Xxhji^b** 6t cht> 
mpA Kaerbiy a HH*At niime* 4>Bpej6uia. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



n. 

BMOPyCCKia nOBSCTH 

O TPHCTAH'^, BOB^ H ATTHJI^ 

m> mmM fmsm mm m em 



I Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BMOPyCCKIfl DOB^H TPHCTAH-B, BOB'S H ATTHJI-B Bl n03- 
HAHCROt PyKODECH KOHUA IVI nU. 



Ha dTH noBtcTH ofipaTHia Moe BHEMaeie CTaTbH 0. M. Boahh- 
CKaro: noHCKax'B mohtb bi> JIosHaHCKOH ny6jiRHofi 6i[6jiioTeir6 
(HTeHifl B-b 05m. Hex. h Apcbb. 1846 r., I). IlojibayflCb Befiojb- 
mBBiH OTpbiBKaMB TeKCTa, KOTopbie owb npHBOABTb, H Mor-b yKa- 
aaxb Ha HrajibflHCKifi hcto4hbki> nosHaHCRaro Bobm bi OTAtxl, no- 
CBBiiieHHOM'b dTOMj poHaHy Bi uoeM'b oqepic6 ApeBHe-pyccKofi no- 
BtcTH BT> DocitABeM'b HSAamH HcToplH pyccKofi jHTepaTypbi raja- 
xoBa (I, CTp. 451 H cjiA-O- Ha BaiiiTKi h H3BjeHeHiHx*b Boahh- 
CKaro ocHOBaHo h Moe yKaaaeie (1. c. CTp. 460, § 8) aa ApeBse- 
pyccKaro TpHcxana, fiyAxo 6bi nepeBeAeHHaro ct> nojibCKaro ^); 3Ha- 



1) Cm. TEKHce MOK> saMtTKy: Zam russischen Bovo d^Antona bt* Archiv f. slav. 
Philologie, Till, 2-tes Heft BTopan saMtTRa, noMi^meHHan Tain, me (IX, 2-tes 
Heft, crp. 310) h doa'b tliwh me sarjiaBieifb, ocHoeaHa-yxce na Moein> SHaKOMcrat 
ei» i^'biBiirB TeRCTOiTB noetcTH, Haae<iaTaHHoft AM^e bt* npHJiOHieBiH, bm^ctI^ a* 
ApyrHMH, CCTcaflHUMH xJfl Meflfl h3i> noaaaHCKaro c6opHHRa r. BapaHCKHM'&i 
6jaroAapfl Jiio6e3HOMy nocpe^^HH^ecTBy G. XHTaniHi^Raro. TaRi* RaRi* no^JniH- 
HncB uoB'kcrefk ne Mon» 6biTb Aocraaieni wh Herep^yprbi to cJiH^eHie Moeft 
Rome cb opBraflajioirB npBflHjfB sa ce6fl iipo«. A. BpioKsep-b (BepjiHHi>)| roto- 
pony npBHomy MCHB'i^ftmyio 6jiaroAapBOCTi>. 

*) Gji. CTaTbH) A. Brackner'a: Ein weissrassischer Codex miscellaneus der 
Grftflich-RaczytiBkischen Bibliothek in Posen, bt. Archiv f. slav. Philologie DC, 
S-tes Heft, crp. 387. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



126 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

KOMCTBO Cb nOJHblMl TeKCTOATL pOMaBS y6'kjl,JiJiO MCBfl, HTO KEKli 

AJiH BoBbi, TBKh H A^H TpHCTana cjtAyerb npeAnoJo^urrb cepficidfi 
opHTHHaji'b, Ha ^Tb HaMeKaerb b o6mee hmT) sariaBie bi nosHaH- 
CK0M1> c6opHHKi: ttllOHBHaeTbCA noBecTb tu bhtabax c khhtl 
cdp6i>cKHx, a 3Bj[aii;a w cjraBHOMi> pbii^apbi Tpbicqaee, ui Aai^uoTe 
H uj BoBe H HHoibixx MHonDCb BHTesex Ao6pbixi». 3to cneiuajib- 
Hoe yKaaaflie CTaBHTb axn noBtcxH oco6o orb cjtAyiomeH 3a hhhh 

HCTOpiH 06l> AxTHXfe, HBOSHJyiOmefi nOJOHHSMaMH BT> CJIOBapt H 

CBHTaKCHci. Ha TaKoe paajH^ie hcto^hbkobi> noBtcTefi nosHan- 
CKaro c6opHHKa h ofipaxBJT* BHHMaHie wb Asyxi mohxt* AOiuaAaxi 
Bx poMaHO-repMaecKOMT* OTAtJit *HjrojiorHqecKaro oCmecxBa, co- 
CTOflmaro npe C.-neTep6yprcK0MT> yeHBepcHxeTfe, xoth h ee bt> 
cocTOBHie Cbijrb onpeAtJiHTb HenocpeACTseHEbiH opHroHaj'b Atthjm, 
HbiHt yKaaaHHbifi iipo<i»eccopoHi BpK)KflepoMi>. Hto ao cep6cKBX'b 
KHHrb, ci KOTopbixi> BepeBeAeHbi 6bijH TpHcxaH'b b BoBa, to oet 

fleHSB'feCTHbl HJTH OOKa He HaHAeHbl, H Jinmb OCTaBHJH CJli&A'b bi Ht- 

KOTopbixi cep6H3lIax^ cjOBape HamHXi> noBtcTe^, na KOTOpbie 
yKasajUt h b bi ynoMBByroM'b Bbime OTierfe, a BpioKHepi cooocra- 
BHjfb Bi) CBoeS pa6oTt. CioAa othochtcb ^opMbi: ipadz^ iJiacd, 
3Aamo, ZAaea; cJOBa: 6e4e^^ (HHa^e 3HaMeHie), nemm = cjiafibm; 
sa^Aeno mu 6ydu; rtACMA wb SHaqemH poAa; ocofieHHO nAeMeuuda 
HSi DjieMeHHTa = HrajiiaHCK. gentile, h bi> Towb me CMbicjt: epo- 
o/ceuatis (naHHa); fcpyofctcu pnAOM'b ct> ^ame BcrptqaiomHMCB mpauKu; 
Hocmh = qecTb; yjuceemumu = OTMCXHTb; KOiuyCa^ HCKaaceHHOe HSi 
fcotuyma; cMUAh (gnapharium arenarium), KaKi chmbojh neqajH, 
ht5, Moaerb 6biTb, h ne cep6H3M'b; omoKz phaomt* cb ocxpoBOM'b: 

«K HOpHOMy tUCXpOBy UJXOKyw H X. A. *). 

IlpeAnojiaraeMbie HawH cepficKie xeKCXbi TpncxaHa h Bobm 
MorjiH 6bixb nepeBeACHbi ct* HxajiaHCKaro : 3a axo roBopflxi a priori 
H jiHxepaxypHbifl oxnomeHifl CepCin, h HiKoxopbiH HxajiiaHCKiB 
cjOBa, oepeoieAinifl h31 cep6cKBXi opHrHHajiOBi> bI) 6'6jopyccKifi 



>) OpuA BT, BoBt, BM. HT. Ofio, yRa3UBaen>, Chtrh MowerB, ea cep6cK. Opao, 
nepexaHHoe pyccKHirb nepecKaaiHKOMT. no aeajioriR: opao = opexb; TaK'bo6T>ac- 

HHeTCH, BtpOHTHO, M ApMCHUA = HT. ArminiOB = CepCCK. ApUPHHO (?). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB-feCTH. 127 

nepecKa3i>; xaKOBbi: ymmpa, npuuHum, Mopnupz^); dpeeo b1) 3Ha- 
HeHiH legno = cyAHO (Bovo ed. Rajna v. 413); roeopnaph bocxo- 
AHTB, BtpoflTHo, Kh HxajtiaHCKOH *opMt GoveraaTO. OnrafiKH nepe- 
BOATOKa Bobo ofi'bflCHflioTCfl HenoHHMaHieMT> HMCHHO umaAtancKaio 
opHrHHajia: wa4aw = v. 345 plaga; nojieMi. 6trB = v. 1098 per 
lo palaQO (plaga?) sen va; no dpytOMj Mopy = v. 389 per I'alto 
(altro) mar; h samojr 3 dpytoto Mopa h nory6Hjn> bchxt> = v. 751 
E va ferir in payn d'oltramar (altro mare?); onAm = v. 814 
oltra (altra volta?); xpaCpenH^e = v. 438, 442, 464 valeto (va- 
lente? cji, BHTA3b = v. 791 valeto); 6HHTe lOHaoH ceo6odHO = v. 
710 feri, franchi baron; y CBAXoe Kp$ui^eHue = \. 1137 in santa 
cristentade (xo-ecxb, bt> xpncriaHCKyK) seMjno); Bt u)Ahomt> yue= 
V. 1180 in un canton; MaiorB ^tamu ea kohcxi boh)K)hh = v. 
1445 El no 6 di ch'eli no cora ala citi; %paoiceuum= v. 2234 
lo Pitadin (npoqTeHO= citadin); ne xoxejra fiojbmeH mpamu^=\. 
2420 moto noli son5.. 

nojiOHH3Mbi, BCxpiHaiomiecfl BT> TpHcraHi H Bob*, xoth wh 
SHa^HTeJibHO MeHbmeH Mikpt, "vkwh bi> AirHJii, aojhchbi 6biTb, Ta- 
KHMT> ofipasoMi, oCiflCHeHbi enaqe, ^wh ajia nocjitAHflro naMflx- 
HHKa: He BJiiflHieMi> opHPHHajia, a jiHTepaTypHoio h oSaxecTBeeHOio 

CpeAOft, BT> KOTOpOH aCHJTb nepeBOAHHKTb. 

HdbiKT) Bctxi> Tpexi noBicTOH H cjrlAyK)nieH 3a hhmh «JO[h- 

TOBCKOH XpOHHKH)) — fitjIOpyCCKifi fl3bIKT> XVI B^Ka, fiOJlte CBOfiOA" 

Hbifi OTB BjiiHHifl uepKOBHO-cjiaBflHCKaro, HtMi> H3b]K7> KaKoro-JH5o 
Apyraro coBpeMeHHaro naMBTHHKa pyccKofi ptHH. 3to Aaerb Ha- 
mHMi> xeKcxaMt ocoCoe 3HaqeHie ajih H3yHeHifl jraxepaxypHaro 
etjropyccKaro a3biKa, ^m Koxoparo Mbi npHHy»AeHbi 6bijH eme 
neAaBHo orpaHHiHBaxbCfl MaxepiaJiOMi>, npeACxaBJineMbiM'b BH6jdei 

CKOpHHbl, J1hX0BCKHMT> CxaxyXOMT*, JHOXepaHCKHMX KaxeXH3HC0MT>, 

xpoHHKaMH, aKxaMH irx. n, Bi nocjitAnee BpeMH hhcjio Stjopyc- 

CKHXl naMflXHBKOBl> yBeJIB^HBaeXCfl, a BMiCXt Cl> xiMl> BblflCHfleXCH 

6ojrfee H Sojrfee 3HaHeHie 6tjopyccKoft nHCMCHHOcxH vh ofimepyc- 



*) Brackner, 1. c. cxp. 374. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



128 A. H. BECEIOBCKIH, 

CKom JHTepaTypHOMi pa3BHTiH: yKaseirb ea JXtH PimcKifl, Ha 

TRBTie CB. AjeKCiH H HaXOAHlIUflCH Bl OAHOMl Cb HHM1> C6opHHKt 

Hhkoabmobo EBaarejie h IToBtcTb o rpexi aapHxi>-BOixBaxi> ^). 
no3HaHCKiH noBtcTH CTOHTb Bi> 3T0Mi> TeHemH. BpK)KHepi> AaerB 
Hxi* o6cTo>iTejibHyK) <»OHeTHqecKyK) h rpaMMarHHecKyio xapaicre- 
pHCTHKy ^), yKaabiBSfl BMtcrt ci> xtMi h Ha bxi jHTepaTypnyio 
H KyjibTypHO-HCTopHqecKyw CTOHMOCTb. no3HaHCKift c6opHHKi, ro- 
BopHTi) 0HT>, BOcnojiHHeT^ qyBCTBBTejibHbift npo6tj[T> Bl jBTepa- 
TypHoft BCTopiB SanaAHofi Pycn: pyccKie poMaabi h noBtcTB dosa- 
Htflmeft iiopbi coxpauHJiBCb rjaBHbiMi> o6pa30iii bi> BOCTOHHo-pyc- 
CKBXi TeKCxaxTi, B ocxaBajica OTKpblTbIM^ Bonpoci nyxflxi h3t> 
jHTeparypHaro nepexoAa. OxBirb Aaioxi CtjopyccKia noBtcxH 

XVI CXDJ^xifl. 4>aKXT> HHXepeCHblft, KOXOpblfi H H COtmy OXIltXHXb 

BCJitAi* aa BpioKHepoMi, KOxopbiS roxoBi 6biJii>-6bi o6o6niBXb, ho 

CT> HeSOJbUIOK) OrOBOpKOft: IXO HMCUHO AJH HCXOpiS BOCXOTHO-pyC- 

ckhxi> noBtcxBOBaxejbHbixi xckcxobt* oosBaHCKiH cSopHBKi Aaexi>, 
QO CBOOMy cocxaBy, jamb Majo yKaaaHifi, noxoiiy qxo noMtnieHBbift 
BT> HeBfb TpHcxaHi, ecjH Mbi He QmH6aeMca, ne cyn^ecxByerB bi> 
ApyPHXi oxpaaceHiaxi b, Btpoaxuo, ocxajica oabhokhmi>, xorAa 
KaiTb MHoroHBCJCHUbia pyKOOBCB aamero Bocxonuaro BoBbi npHnaA- 
jeacaxi Apyrofi peAaKuia, qtMi> 6tjopyccKift, a ne Horjni hohaxh 
oxii Hero, xoxa noAo6uo eny bocxoahxi Kb cep6cK0My acxoHHaicy. 
Sauisy Kcxaxa, hxo bi aonpoct o nocjiAHearb pyMbiacKii Bona 
He MOHcexi cjywaxb nairb noAcnopbeMii, kbhi cjysaja pyiibiHCKaa 
AjORcaHApia bi> Bonpoct o6i> AjeKcanApia cepScaofi, h6o, no nacb- 
Meaaoiiy coo6u;eHiH> mh^ r. Facxepa, pyiibiHCKift Boaa ne ixo 



^) Cj. EiaAUMupoB-b, HCMTie cb. AjokcI^h H&iOBtKa Eo^Kia wb saaaAHo-pyc- 
CKOirb nep«BOAt KOHua XV atica (iKype. Mmh. Hap. IIpocB. 1887, 0KTfl6pby 
crp. 250 cjtA.V 

') KRMjRBOirb (S-tiopyccRoin» aauRt B-b naiiirrBaKan> XYI ■ XYU bb. 
d. Mewjgr npo^Rirb aaiitTRn HcAcmeBa, HcropaHecidi o63opT» BaxvE^imnrb 
sayxoBuz^ ■ iiop«<aora«ie€Raz'b oco6eBBocTei 6tiopyccRHn> roBopoBi> (PyccK. 
<^uoj. Btcraan. 1884 r.). Ci. raRace KapcRaro, 063opT» 3ByR0Bi» a ♦opMi* 6t- 
aopyccRoM ptia (Mocrbb, 1886); EiaAMiiipoBa, AoRTop-b 4>paBiMiCRi» CRopaaa, 
ero oepeaoAU) ne«iaTaida a^Aaiiia a asuRi^ (CIIB. 1888). crp. 247 m crfeju 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 129 

HHoe, KaiCB nepeBOAi (ch HaMtpeHHoio saitftHoS coCcTseHHbixi 
HMeHT> jipyrHMH) cooTBtTCTsyiomaro oxAtja H3t> espeHCKaro Maase- 
buch, OTKyAa Kairt ara noBtcxb, xairb n HtKOTOpwfl Apyrifl, 6bUH 
H3BieHeHbi H BSAaHbi 3% BjitypemTt noAi> 3aHaHqHBb]Mi> 3arja- 
Biewx: Tbicfl^a h OAHH-b AeHb *). Bonpocb o ecTO^HHKt Bobo bt> 
nepecKa3t Maase-buch Hacb 3Atcb ne KacaexcH. 

Bi cocTaBt no3HaHCKaro cCopHBKa BoBa h TpHCTaHi, nepe- 

BCAeHHbie CT> aCep6CKHXT> KHHn>», CTOflTB pHAOMl C^b AXTHJIOi, 

nepeBeieHHbiM'b Cb nojbCKaro, oCjEHqae xaKHM'b o6pa30Mi h BKvcbi 
cocTaBHxejfl-nepenHcqHKa, h Bpene, B'b Koxopoe oht> mEXh: BpeMa, 
KOPAa H B'b o6j!acxH noB'fecxBOBaxejbHOH jraxepaxypbi coBepuiHiCfl 

nepeXOAT) OXl lOKHblX'b (waCHO-CJaBHHCKHXTj) BtflHifi K-b 3anaAHbIM'B 

iiojibCKBMi>, H nocjtAHifl usmuBSiM nojyqaxb nepeBtcb: Ha CKOibKo 

MOHCHO CyAHXb no pyKOnHCHbIMT> (^OJ[bCKHM^ H pyCCKHMT») OXHtx- 

KaM'b qHxaxeieft cCopoBKa, ohh 6ojite Bcero HBxepecoBajiHCb JIhxob- 

CKOK) XpOHBKOS H AXXHJIOH, XOP^a KaKT) «cep6CKifl nOB-fecXHtt 6blJB 

noqxH 3a6bixbi. 

no3HaHCKafl pyKonHCb cocxohx^ h3t» 344 ^hcxobi; noBtcxH 
xpoHHKa, HAymifl ao 291 jrHCxa jraa., nncaHbi oahoh pyKoft (A), 
KoxopyH) B'b HeMHOPHX'b cjiyHaflX'b CMtHfljia Bxopafl=B (cji. BrOck- 
ner, cxp. 353); cjitAywmie jracxbi, 3anHcaHHbie ApyrHMH pyKauii, 
npeACxaBJiflroxb pa3HOo6pa3Hoe coAepacame: oa m. 293 — 328 
noMimeHbi ABa anxa 1635 h 1528 pp., pyccKaPO fl3biKa n nncbMa; 
ea Ji. 328 3aMtxKa oGiy yam 1569 POAa; na jw. 333 — 335 poAO- 
cJOBHafl naHOBi Tpbi3H0B'b; Aajiie CJitAy^Tb <i>aMnjbHbiH 3aMtTKH 



^) mie si una de zile. Cele mai frumdse basme arabesci si persane, sense 
de Califalu Osmau. Tradus In limba romana de H. S. Bucuresci, 1881. UepBaa 
noBi^CTb: I^toria lui Baltazar si a frumoasei Repsima — u ecTb noB'i&cTb o BoB-i^. 
AocraBjeHieM-b MH-fe yKasasHoil KHHru n o6H3aHT> jiio6e3HOCTH r. FacTepa. — Hto 
AO HCTOHHHKa espeAcKaro nepesoAa Bobu (ed. Amsterd., f. 8*), to oht> Curb 
UTajbflHCKiA. Cj. Post = pasto, Sarwer = servitori u t. n. IlepeBOAHHKOMT* 6hurb 
Elia Levita, HasuBaBmift ce6a Bachtir; obt> o6y<iaai> Bucinee urajibflHCKoe xyxo- 
BeHCTBO H nepenHCUBai-B bi>. Puiit mah Kopj^HHaia BrH^ifl h3i> BBTep6o coiHHe- 
Hifl Ka66a.iHCTu<iecKaro coAepmaHifl. Cji. Zedner, Hebr. Bibliogr. 1863, cxp. 22; 
Serapeum 1869, cxp. 132, npaii. 3; Archiv f. Litteraturgeschichte, 11, cxp. 17—18. 

C<k>pBEn II Otx. H. a. H. 9 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



130 

yHBX0BCKi!xi>, B^ ceMb'l KOTopbixii HEuia pyKODRCb o6ptTajack 
BT> TeHCHie noHTH 80 Jtirt, csujifkTeJLhtTBja o jrHxepaxypHbixi hh- 
TepecaxT> Mejrcaro jraxoecKO-pyccKaro ABopflHCTsa XVI — XVII Btna 
H o6t> ero nocJitAOBaTejibHOM'b onojbmeHin. IlocjitAHfla sanHCb 

yHHXOBCKHX'b OTHOCHTCfl KTi 1672 T., CaMafl paHHflil 00 BpeMCHH, 

npHHaAJeHamafl FpHropiio IlaBJiOBHqy YHaxoBCKOMy, nepBOMy Bjia- 
AtJibuy pyKonHCH, Kb 1544 r. Meacjiy drmw'b roAOM'b h 1574, ro- 
AOM'b noHBjieHifl AxTHjibi BasbiJiHKa, cjrfeAyerb noMtcTHTb h Hane- 
canie naraero c6opHHKa: npH6jiH3HTejibHO okojio 1580 roAa (1. c. 
crp. 354 H 345). 

npo*. BpK)KHepT> (cxp. 354) c^Hxaext noiepK'b Bxoporo 
iraciia noBtcxeft xoHCAecxBeHHbiMTj ci> no^epKOM-b FpHropifl YenxoB- 
CKaro, KoxopoMx coo6maexT> ntcKOJibKO cBtAtuiH (cxp. 352). 
^onojiHflK) HXT> H3T> DHCbMa KO MH'fe C. Jl. IIxamHaKaro; OHO 6po- 
caexT> HOBbiH cB-fexTj H Ha M'fecxo HanHcanifl pyKonacH h Ha BpoMH, 
KorAa OHa Morjia nonacxb bt> ceMbW YHHXOBCKHX'b. c<0 caMOMX 
FpHropiH YHHxoBCKOM'b y Mena noqxH ntx-j* CBtA^HiH, nBmexT> MHt 
r. nxaniHUKifi. HMtw yKaaamfl h3t> JIhxobckoh MexpHKH, qxo 
offb 6bijn> seMjieBjaA'feJibueM'b HoBorpoACKaro BOCBOACXBa (Hbint 
ytsAT* Mhhckoh ry6epHiH), BjaAtjrb B'b HoBorpoAK* aomomt>, ko- 
TopoMy 28 Anptjifl 1590 r. Kopojib Aaj'b aBOJiHOCXH», h axa npH- 
BHJieriH 3anHcaHa Bi>BHJibHt B'b MexpBK'b, bi> Knart aanHcea J\s 76, 
AOKymeHX^ 165. 1 1-ro Mapxa Kopojib ^0AXBepAHJI^ FpHropiio Yhh- 
xoBCKowy aanacb, Koxopyio Aajia eMy xaxapKa HOBorpoACKaro no- 
Btxa IJ,apeBHH0Baa OcxpbmcKaa na HMtnie Koji6aHeBCKoe! 3anHCb 
BHecGHa B'b xyace KHery na cxp. 629. TaKHM'b oCpaaoM'b nepBbift 

HSB'feCXHblH BJiaA'feieU'b pyKOOHCH COCXOaxeJbHblH 3eMeJbHbIH H 

ropoACKOH BJiaA'l^JieaT), HMtBmiH A'fc^a B'b BejiaKOKHancecKOH Kauae- 
jrapiH OKOJIO 1595 r. B^ xt roAbi (1594—1599) BejraKOKHaacecKaa 
Ranuejiapia (=: Mexpana) 3aRaxa 6bijia nepenacKoa cxapbixi aaxo- 
Bbix'b KHHrb no pacnopaneHiK) KanuJiepa Jbsa Canern (cji. woe 
OnHcanie JIhxobckoh MexpHKH, cxp. 8). Khhph nepeoHcaHbi rfeM'b-ace 
Kanue.mpcKUMz no^epKOM'b, hxo h nosnancKaa pyKonncb. noHepKT> 
saoHCH YflHxoBCKaro pt3K0 oxjimacxca oxxi nonepKa bcch pyKonncH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSTj HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB-feCTH. 131 

tIpaBAa, 3T0 TBepAae, onbiTHan pyKa, ho He nacapcKafl. Mh* Ay- 
Maexcfl, HTO pyKOHHCb nepenecaHa KaraMx-HHSyAb KaHi^jepcKHM'B 
nHcapeMT> (AtflKOMi)), a FpHropiH naBjioBHqT> KynHjn> ee bx OAHy 
hstj no'fe3AOKT> no jifkmuiy bt> BHJbHy. Jla. h caMT> FpHropiH Chwh 
no MaxepH (ypoHCA. Tpbiana) bx poACXB-fe, npaBAa AajieKowx, ct> 
SHaMeHHTbiM-b KaHaJiepoMT> JlbBOMt CaneroH, KoxopbiH no o6fl3aH- 
HocxflMT> cJOHHMCKaro cxapocxbi HeptAKO 6biBajrb bx coctAcxB'fe 

Cb YHHXOBCKHM'b. IlpH X0rAamHnXT> Kp'fenKHX'b Ce»ieHHblXX CBHSHX'b 

CHomenifl Memjiy hhmh mofjih 6bixb AOBOJbHO xtcHbiHi). 

^xo Kacaexcfl onpeA'feJieHifl BpeMenn, KorAa nama pyKonncb 
nonaia Kb FpHropiFo YHnxoBCKOMy, xo ajh axoro ecxb citAyJoiuifl 
AaHHbifl: owb CKOHqajicfl bt, 1606 roAy; nocjiiAHflfl xpoHOjiorn- 
necKafl namaxb bt^ ero sanHcn oxhochxch ki. HceHHXb6t ero 6paxa 
ilpoma bT) 1598 r. TaK'b KaK-b ceMCHHbiH aaMtxKH FpHropia 
YHHXOBCKaro He yKaawBaiox'b cbohmi nonepKOMx Ha pasHOBpeMen- 
Hoe npoHcxoacAenie, a nncaHbi naKi-ebi B'b OAHH'b nptccihcmz^ xo 
1598-H roATb H 6yAexT> npH6jiH3HxejibHbiMX terminus a quo Haun> 
c6opHHK^ nonajTb btj ero pyKH. 



B^ cjpfeAyion^Hx^ Aajite rjiaBaxi a nonbixaiocb yacHHxb hcxoh- 
UHKH 6tjiopyccKBXi> TpHCxaua h Eobm, noKa na ocHOBaniH nocoSin, 
HaxoAaniHxca y Mena hoa'b pynaMH, h, k^ coHcajitHiFo, utcKOJibKO 
CKyAHbixi. — ^xo AO nocjiiAHaro Ah nosHancKaro cSopuHKa, xo a 
npHHyacAGH'b orpaunqHXb mow pa6oxy no ero noBOAy cboaomi h 
pacnpeAtJieHieMT* jiereHA^, OKpyHCHBrnnxi hmh Axxejiw. Ki oAHOMy 
HS'b nosAHtSmBXTi BOAOB'b axHxi jiereHA'b npHMKHexT> h oxKpbixbifi 
npo*. BproKuepowb HcxoHHHK'b cooxBtxcxByiomefi noanaHCKofi 

nOBtCXH. 



9* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



132 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 



TpiCTaHi. 

IIodTHqecKafl jereHAa o jik)6bh TpHCxaHa h MsojbAbi npBHaA- 
jeatHTb Ki> HHCJiy Haueojite jhoShmbixtj h nonyjiapHbixt bt> cpeAHe- 
BtKOBOH no33iH sanaAHOH Esponbi *). nonyjrapHOCTb 3Ta o6T>flc- 
ufleTCfl CBoeo6pa3HbiHi> coii.epHcaHieMi> KejibTCKOH CKa3KH, jermen 
BT> efl ocHOBy 2) H, Sojrfee xoro, noaxHHecKHMH KanecxBaMH ea ApeB- 
HiiXT> aHrjio<i>paHiiy3CKHx^ h *paHi^y3CKHx^ cxHxoxBopHbixi o6pa- 
6oxoK'B. Ki> coacajtHiio, HauiH CBtAteifl o hhxx> KpaHoef oxpbi- 
BOHHbi B jHiob oxqacxH BocnojHflioxcH nodAHtHiDBMH nepepaSoxKaMH 
yxpaqeEHbixii hjh <i»parMeHxapHO-c'oxpaHeHHbixi> doajihhhhkobi ^). 
TaKT> aHrjOHopMaHCKie noaMbi B6roul (ok. 1150) h Thomas 



1) Gji. Sadre, Les allusions k la l^gende de Tristan dans la litterature du 
moyen ftge, bi> Romania Ji& 60, crp. 584 (utA. 

2) KejibTCKMXT> ifOTHBaxT> B-b pouaHazii Kpyrjiaro Cxojia cji. G. Paris, Les 
romans en vers du cycle de la Table ronde (extrait du t. XXX de raistoire 
litt^raire de la France), bi> BBeAeniH n passim. Sto ne HCKjioqae'rb co cropoBu 
Keju»TCKMxi> cKasoHBHKOBii dBaKOMCTBa CT> saxoKHMH cioxceTaiiH (cji. CTp. 192) H 
Aance ci> KJiaccHHecKoii m ueojsoriefi (cji. crp. 140). IIo. aroiiy noBO^y dosbojio ce6'fe 
BonpocT>: B6dier (La mort de Tristan et d'Iseut, bi^ Romania J\s 60, crp. 485), 
c6jiHH<afl pascRas'B o CMepTH TpMCTana cb cxoAHuirb mothboht* bi. jereHAi^ 
Teae'fe, oroBapBBaeTCH : ales pontes bretons ignoraient Hesiode, Sophocle ettout 
le cycle gr§co-romain», h ohh h FeaioA'B, ffglanaient dans le m^me fonds de 16- 
gendes qui avaient amus§, en des temps quasi pr6historiques, les esprits des 
hommesD. 6. Paris saMtnaerB no aroMy noBO^y (1. c. CTp. 485, npHii. 2), «zto 3to 
c6AnmeBie AByxi> jiereBAi>, AaBHO npeMOHceHHoe mmi. ci> Kaee^pu, «me paralt 
s'appuyer sur divers rapprochements frappants, dont quelques-uns seulement 
8ont indiqu^s ci-dessus». HHrepecuo CuAO-Chi yaeaTb, o6'BflCHflerB-jiH ohi> 3to 
cxoACTBO AOHCTopHHecRuiTB QpeAaeieiTB HJH KiaccaqecKHMH BocnoMHaaHiflmi 
KeibTCKHX'bCKasoHHHKOB'B? 3aiitTHifT» KCTaTH, HTO Sarraziu (Germanische Sagen- 
motive im Tristan-Roman, b-b Zeitschrift t vergleichende Litteraturgeschichte, I, 
CTp. 262 H cji-^A*) nonuTajicfl HeAaBHO, xota h ne coBctHi> yAaiHO, yKaaaTi* na 
repuaBCKie CKaaoHHue hothbu bt. poMaa-fe o TpHCxaHt, KejbTCKyH) ocnoBy koto- 
paro coBepmeHHo 0TpM^aerb Golther, Die Sage von Tristan und Isolde. Studie 
tlber ihre Entstehung und Entwicklung im Mittelalter (Mttnchen, 1887), cxp. 10, 
100, 107. 

3) Cj. o6ii^ee o6o3ptHie nonpoca y G. Paris, Les romans, cxp. 19—22. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POM AHA H nOBtCTH. 133 

(ok. 1170) ^) COXpaHHJHCb IHIOb Bl> OTpblBKaXl), a TpHCTEHl 

Chrestien de Troies (ok. 1150 r.) ^ bobco ho Aomejrt ao nacB. 
Kt> TeKcxy, cxoiHOMy ch B6roureBCKHMT>, bocxoahtb no3Ma Eilhart'a 
von Oberge (ok. 1 1 95 r.) '), h noAo6HbiMT) ace TeKCTOM^ nojibsosajiCH 
OTHacTH "peAaKTopi toh Bepcin cxapo^paeuyacKaro nposanqecKaro 
poMana, Koxopan Jierjra bT) ocHOsy ero CTaponeHaTHbixT> H3AaHift. 
ToMacy cji'feAOBaj'b bx CBoeS HeoKOH^eHHofi noaMt Fot^phaT) Cxpac- 
CyprcKift (ok. 1203 r.), aBxopbi crapoaHrjriHCKaro Sir Tristram 
H HRHCHeHtMeoKaro Tristrant'a, coxparaBmaroca bt> oxpbiBKt*), h 
cymecTByerb HopBeaccKifi npoaanecKifi nepeBOA^ noaMbi, neAaBHO 
H3AaHHbiH Kftlbing'oMX. Hto ao yrpaHeHHaro opnrHHajia Chrestien 
de Troies, to o newh mh Monenfb cocxaBHTb ce6t npHfijiifaHTejbHoe 
noHflxie, ecjiH onpaBAaexcfl MHtme 6. Paris'a: qxo ^paHuyacKiS 
npoaaOTecKin ipoMSWb o Tpncxant bocxoahxt> k'b KaKOH-HBfiyAb ne- 
peAtJiKt no3Mbi Chrestien'a *). 

IlepBOHcxoHHiiK'b no3HaHCKaro TpHCxaea oxhochxca, oneBHAHO, 
K'brpynirfe ^paHoyacKHXi) nposanqecKHXT) poManoBi), npH6jrH3Hxejib- 
HyK) reHeajioriK) Koxopbixx nbixajca ycxanoBHXb BpaKCJibMaHx^). 

Oe^ pacnpeAt^iflexT) hxx na xpn rpynnhi: 

1) PoMaH'b Luce de Gast cb npoAOjaceeieMT) Robert'a de 
Borron. CwAa oxhochxca pyKonncH Bibliotheque Nationale JVsJ^Fi 756, 
757 fol. 1—99; .^ 1434. 

2) PeAaKuifl filie de Borron: Bibl. Nat. ]\&Jfe 750, 12599, 
757 (fol. 89—263), 760, 755 h 104. 



') HoBoe HsiaHie nocjitAHHro roTOBHn, Tetter. Cji. ero: La 16gende de Tri- 
stan. Marbarg i. H. 1882 h Bdttiger, Der Tristan des Thomas. GOttingen 1883.— 
Bt» oahoiii> BdTh cii^AyioiAiix'b 2^^ Sta^j di filologia romanza HiiierB noHsuTbCfl 
CTaTbfl Novati: Un nuovo e an vecchio frammento del Tristano di Tommaso. 

2) G. Paris, Les romans, cxp. 14. 

3) Ca. Ernest Muret, Eilhart d'Oberg et sa source fran^aise bi> Romania 
J\& 62—64, cxp. 288 h cn'kjk. 

*) Cji. Lambel Bi>Germania XXVI, crp. 856: Titz, Zs. f. deutsches Alterthum 
XXV, cxp. 248 ai**.; B6ttiger 1. c. cxp. 5. 

^) G. Paris, Note sur les romans relatifs k Tristan, Komania J^ 60, cxp. 602. 

•) Cji. ero cxaxtio bt. Zeitschrift fQr deutsche Philologie, 1886 r., J\2 1, cxp. 86 
H CJL, CB npHMtqaHiflMU Sncbier. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



134 . A. H. B£CEJOBCKIH, 

3) AajibHtHiuafl o6pa6oTKa upejkhiAymfiA peAaKuin: Bib). Nat. 
J&.B 334, 102, 776, 100. 

3to ByjbraTa; Kb hch 6jb3ko npHMbiKaerB 

4) Bibl. Nat. As 103, hctohhhk'b craponeiaTaaro poMaaa, 
nepBoe BSAame Koxoparo flBHJOCb Bt Pyant bt> 1489 roAy; nocjii- 
Ayioiuifl oTJiHHaKOTCfl OTb Hero jHmb onenaTKaMH. 

6. Paris ^) 3anoA03pHBaeTT> cocTOflxexbHOCTb axoro pacnpcAt- 
jieHiH, uecoMHtHHO noAJieH(aiii,aro npoB'IpK'l, h6o KpHTHqecKOH pa- 
6oTbi HSiXh pyKODHCflMH npo3an<]ecKaro poMaHa noKa ue CAtjano. 
Bi> 0AH0Mi> o6a BscjitAOBaTejifl cxoaatch: bi o6oco6jeHiH pyKOUBCB 
J\|p. 103, KaKi> BCT04HHKa CTaponenaTHaro poMana. H bi> caMOM^ 
Atj-fe: BO Bctxi ApyrHXT> npoaaHiecKHXt xeKCTaxij paacKasbiBaeTCfl, 
bt> otjibhIh OTb ApeBHflro npeAaHifl, wo TpHCxaHx yfiBxi* 6biJT> 
KopojeMi> MapKOMi>; peAaRxopi J\& 103 (a aa hbmi h cxapone^ax- 

HblH pOMani) HSMtHHJl dXOTb dnH30Al> COFJaCHO C% KaKOfi-HHSyAb 

ApeBHea nodMoS o TpHCxaHt, xnna B^roul'eBOH, fl6o B-b padCKaai^ 
KOHqHHt CBoero repofl on-b Gjihsko cxoahxca c^ Eilhart'oMi % 
Vls-b BxajiiancKHxi) nepeB0A0Bi> <»paHay3CKaro npoBanqecKaro 
TpHCxaea a Mon> -nojibsoBaxbCfl xojbKO B3AaHieMT> Polidori, La Ta- 
vola Rotonda, Koxopoe HMtjn> bt> BHAy h BpioKHepi. ToKcx'b 
UoJiHAopH, npeACxaBjfleMbiH eme a Apyrow pyKonHCbio, hmt> Heyno- 
MHHyxoK): Laurenziano, Plut. LXIII, c. 10, 3BaiBxejibH0 oxkjeo- 
Hflexcfl OTb *paHuy3CKaro cxaponenaxHaro poMaea; 6jmme kt* Heny, 
no necbMeHHOMy coo6m.eHiK) Mat PaHHW (oxt> 23-ro HOflfipfl 1886 r.), 
Cod. Riccard. 2543, H3BjieHeHiH H3% Koxoparo A^Hbi 6bUB bi> 
Manuale Naunucci; ki coHcajtmio, pyKonncb axa ne nojiea h ua 
nojiOBHHy HcnopqeHa ao Hepa36op«iHBOCXH. Bjh3khmi> ki> 4»paHuy3- 
CKOMy opHrHHajiy ABJiflexcfl h cod. Palatino-Panciatichiano E. B. 
5. 1. 23, f. 150 — 269, KOxopbiM^ oxBiqaroxi cxp. 348 — 90 
Polidori, nocjit qero, 3a SoJibuiBMi nponycKOM'b, cooxBtxcxBie bo3- 
cxaHOBiflexcfl, na'iHHaa ci cxp. 488 Polidori; pa3Ka3'b KOHHaexca 



^) Note sur les romans 1. c. cxp. 600; Golther 1. c. cxp. 116 h npHM. 1. 
') Cm. 061. 8T0ui> noApo^HO bi> yRaaaHHoft Buuie cxaxbt B^dier. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



m-b HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTIT. 135 

CMepTbK) TpHCTaea h Hsojibiibi, on>t3AOMi> Segram*or*a bi> Ca- 
mellotto H aoHjioroMTj H61ie de Borron (Polidori, cxp. LXVII). 
Il3i> AiajeKTHiecKflxi o6pa6oTOK'B yKa»y Ha BeaeiiiaHCKiH TeKcrb, 
ODHcaHHbifi Mycca<i»ieH ^). Tairb HadbisaeMbiS JlaHuejorb IlajiaTHH- 
CROH pyKODHCH E. 5. 4. 47, 00 cooCm^eHiio PafiHbi, ue ^to Huoe, 

KaKl TpHCXaBTb, C^ BHtlDHeiO CtBepHO-HXaJliflHCKOH) AiaJieKTHie- 
CKOK) OKpaCKOH, TOFAa KaiCb CaMblft TeKCTb OCHOBani Ha TOCKaH- 

CKHXi> BepciflXT). TaKHMi> me noJiy-AiajieKTiiqecKHMi (6oj[Ohckhmi?) 
oxrfeHKOM'b flSbiKa oTJHqaexcfl h cod. Riccard. 1729, npeACiaBjrfl- 
Kjnjii KaKi 6hi KpaTKifi nepecKasi) HTajiiaHCKofi BepciH poMana, 
6ojte 6jB3Kofi Ki> <^paHi^3CK0My opnrHHajy. 

Ci Kauofi H31) ynoMfluyTbixi> Bbime peAaKqifi <^paHi]^3CKaro po- 
MaHa nepeBCAeHi xeKCTi UoMAopH — oxBtxHTb ne Mory^), ooxoMy 
qxo eAHHcxBeHBbiMT> HOKa HXT> ooKaaaxGjeM'b HBjiaexcfl, aja HCSHa- 
KOMbixT> cb pyKonHCBMH, cxapooe^axHoe HSAanie, Ha cxojbKo oxjih- 
qaiomeecfl oxt> xeKcxa IIojihaopb, Ha cKOJibKO oho cxoaho, B'b h3- 
BtcxHOH Mtpi, Cb HarnHMX*. CxaponeHaxHbiMi> *paHiy^3CKHM'b po- 
ManoM'b, KpaxKO nepecKa3aHHbiM'L rpa4»6MT> Ae-TpeccaHOMT>'), a 
nojb30BajiCH no cjtAywnieMy msAanm: Les grandes proesses du 
tres vaillant, noble et excellent cheualier Tristan, filz du noble 
roy Meliadus de Lionnoys et cheualier de la Table Ronde. Nou- 
uellement imprim6 k Paris Tan mil cinq cents XXXIII *); utKO- 
xopwH nsBjeqeHin hst* H3AaHifi 1489 h 1520 roAOB'b fibijra Aocxa- 
BjieHbi MHt P. 0. Jlanre. CiBqenie. Cb HamHMT> TpHCxanoMi noKa- 
aweaexTi, ixo, BonepBbix^, npeAnojaraeMbifi HxajiiaHCKifi opHrHHaxb 



^) Mussafia, Ueber eine altfranzOsische Hs. der kOniglichen Universit&ts- 
bibliothek zu Pavia (Sitzungsberichte der Kais. Akad. d. Wissenach. Philol. hist. 
CI. LXIV B., Heft III, Jahrg. 1870, Marz). 

2) G. Paris bt. npuM. kt. cxaxbt B6dier (1. c. crp. 496, npHM. 1) rmme me 
3Haerb MCTOiHBKa TCKcra IIojihaoph. 

*) Oeuvres choisies du comte de Tressan, t. VII (1788). 

^) H nojiL30BajiCH aKseunjiHpoirb HiinepaTopcKofi B-j^hcroII 6ii6jdoTeKH, o6H3a- 
TeJu>HO xocTaBieHBUM'b MHt H. B. HrnqeM-b. ApeBHtftmee HSAanie poMaaa 03a- 
rjiasieBO xaKT,: Histoire du tres vaillant noble et excellent chevalier Tristan, fils 
du roi Meliadus de Leonnois, imprim§ a Rouen en I'ostel lehan le Bourgeois le 
dernier jour de Septembre mil CCCCIIIIXX et IX. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



136 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

ero cepCcKaro noAJHHHHKa OTJinqajcfl otl TCKCxa Polidori; wo, 
BOBTopbixi, AO H3BtcTHaro ope^tjia, npH6j[B3BTejibH0 Ha Tpn hct- 
BepTH Bcero pasKaaa, Hami> TpHcxaHt oxBiiaerL, bi o6mfiWbj 
pacnopHAKy n coAepHsaHiio, KaKi> TeKcra IIojbaoph, TaKi>, h bi 
CojLmefi Mipt, cxaponeqaxHOMy opaHaj'scKowy, ho ixo bx KOHiffe 
pyccKafl noBtcxb SHaiHxejibHO oxjHHaexcfl oxt> xoro h Apyroro, 
npeACxaBJiHfl uoBbiH doapoGhocxh, H3MiHflfl o6biqHyK> Kaxacxpo<i»y h 
npoHSBOAH Bne^axj^Hie qero-xo CKOMKaHHaro, coKpanieHHaro bi> 
Toponflxi HJiB no HesHaHiio. EAsa jh noAoGnoe BSJiOHceHie npHHaA- 
je»ajio HCKOMOMy HxajiaHCKOMy poMaay; BbiSop'b ocxaexca MeacAy 
cep6cKHMT> nepoBOA^HKOM'b-oepecKaaqHKOM'b h ero 6tjiopyccKBMi 

COCpaXOM'b. IIOCjtAHiH MOri> COKpaXHXb B HSMtHHXb Bi> yKaaaHHOHi* 
CMblCJit Cep6CKiH nOAJBHHBK'b, HO MOVb B COXpaHHXb BSM'i^HeHifl, 

yace coBepmnBiniflca B^ nocjcfeAHeM'b. Ecjafibi Bxopoe upeAnojroJKC- 
Hie oKasajiocb 6ojite BipoaxKbiMi, KaKHwi oho npeACxaBjaexcfl h 

MHt, XO Bl BCKOMOM'L CepCCKOMTj XeKCXt Mbl AOJHCHbl CbUH 6bl 

npBSHaxb He xojbKo oepeBOAx*, ho h 3jeMeHXT> caMocxoflxejbHOH 
oepeA^JKH, ofinapyauiBaiomeHCfl, MeacAy npo^HM'b, bt> oco6oh pojH, 
KaKaa Aaexca TpHCxaay. Bo *paHay3CK0MT> poMant, KaKi h y IIo- 
jiHAopH, rJiaBBburb repoeMT> pasKaaa aajiaexcH TpHCxaHX,, JlaHiie- 
j0Ti> Bb]cxynaexi> bo Bxopoi pojin h JBmb 3a hhmh Apyrie pbiaapa 
H opoxBBHBKH KpyrjEBFO Cxojia. CepScKaa KHsra xaKace o6tn].aexi> 
roBopexb «Tpbic»iaHe, w AHn.ajoxe», ho nepBbiH cosnaxejbHO 
rocnoACXByexi) naAi) Bctuis AtftcxBieMi>, Aauajorb BBjaexcfl y nero 
6ojte wBT* xoBapemaxiD, h corjiacHO ct> axBMXi oxcyxcxByioxi 
MHorie anH30Abi o oocitAHeMi, nocBam^eHHbie euy B^xeKCxt IIoji- 
AopH. 

KcxaxH: oxKyAa Hua AHaajoxi> rjh (AJnuajoxii — bi> cpaBne- 
hIh ci> Lancelot, Lancialotto, Lanzelet? EABa-jni bt> ochob^ je- 
auTTB <i»paHi^3CKaa <i»opMa: ADcelot'(Bi> Ogier de Danemarche y 
Fr. Michel, Tristan, I, cxp. V); CKopie npeAnojoacHxb, hxo cep(J- 
cidfi nepeB0AHHRi> npHHaxb Hanaibaoe I HMeHH 3a mewb (I'Ancia- 
lotto), Koxopbii H yAajHjii bi> nepeBOAt, ooaoSho xoMy KaKi 
CAtjaJii 3X0 opanepeAa^ii Apyroro BMeHH: Lasancis (=Io Sancis), 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSTj HCTOPIH POMAHA H UOB-feCTH. 137 

Lasansisse (bi Cantare dei Cantari ed. P. Rajna B^ Zs. f. roma- 
nische Philologie II, cxp. 434) — CaMCHa;^? Ha oCoporB: Agius, 
Argius *paBi^y3CKaro xeKcra nepeAano: JIeBBH3i> (= I'Anguis?), 
HT. Languis. IIpHMtpbi DOAoCflbixi HeAopaayMtniH ne ptAKH: b^ 

HTajbflHCKOM'L 3000* Astolfo aHFJIHHaHHH'B, BO ^paBOySCKOMT, OHT> 

H3T> Langres; aBTopT> Entr6e en Espagne HaabiBaexij ero bi> ea- 
^ajt npaBBjibflo: de Lengres hjh Lengrois, saTtui: de Lengle, 
Lenglois h naKOHea'b I'Englois, Englois ^). TaKHMi) H;e o6pa30M^ 
oetflCHflFOTca btj ApyroMT* cjyia*: Labigant = Baccano ^). 

OAHa *OHeTH<!ecKafl oco6eBHOCTb aauiero TeKCxa Aaerb noBOA'b 
AJW BtKOTopbix'B cooSpaateeift oxHOCBxejibHo MtcxBocxH, rAt co- 
cxaBjeaa 6biJia cepGcKae nepeAtJKa Tpncxana h, npH6aBBMi>, ne- 
peBOATj BoBbi, Mn no KpaHHefi Mip'fe oxHOCHxejibHO xoH rpynnbi 

naMflXBBKOBl., Kl> KOXOpblM'b MOFJIH 6bl 6bIXb OXHeCeUbl H OpBFH- 

Hajbi no3HaBCKHXT» noBtcxefl. B'b cxapocepScnon AjieKcaHApia h 

Bt 60JirapCK0fi H XOpBaXCKOfl TpOBHCKOft IipHXR-fe JaX. 8 BT> OKOH- 

Haniax-b coCcxBennbix^ HweH'b ua — us, — es, — is, — as nepe- 
Aaexcfl Hepe3^ otc h m ^); xaKi> h b^ Tpncxaat: KaHAiamii = 
Gandawes, UejiEuiiy = Felis, CerypaAeacb = Segurades, Caia- 
CHHci) = Lasancis, ho h vIeHBH3i> = Languis h x. n. KaK-b b'b 
xpoflHCKoft npHxqt jiax. s Memjiy rjacHbiMH nepexoAoxi Biiwc(BpH- 
a;e0Aa = Briseis, Eaceona = Hesione), xaK'b h B'b TpHCxan'fe 
(Haoxa = Isotta) h BoB'fe (^pyacHeHa = Drusiana), xorAa KaK'b 
IIojiHMHemepi (Polyniestor) TpoaHCKon npnxqH oxatqaexx flu^opy 
(Astorre) h Tpbimany (Tristano) namero poMaea*). Em.e oAsa oco- 
6eHH0CXb AjieKcaHApiB h TpoHHCKofi npBXHB: CMtna bi> HMeHax'b 
coCcxBeHHbix^ fBi>n ^), xaKHce H3BtcxHa HamHM^ xencxaM'b: ajh 



') Oaspary, Geschichte der italienischen Literatur I, cxp. 118—119. 

2) Pio Rajna, Un'iscriwone nepesina del 1131, cxp. 60— 1. 

3) Cm. Moe nacatAOBaHie: H3t> ncToplH poMana h noB-i^cTH, buo. T, CTp. 442 — 
448. 

*) 06'b yrowh sByKOBOM-B nepexoA'i^ cj. saM-^TRH Schuchardt'a, Slawo- 
deutsches und Slawo-italienisches (Gratz, 1885) h OTqext HrH^a bt. Archiv 
f. Slav. Philologie VIII, cxp. 318—319. 

^) C.i. H3T» HcxopiH poMana h nostcxH, bud. I, cxp. 321. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



138 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

BoBbi OTMtTHATb: JlyKaoepi) = liucaferro, jun TpHCTaHa: He- 
jHm'B = Felis, tlepeMOHrb = Feramonte. 

OKOHiy BonpocoM'B no aoBOAy Asyxii co6cTBeHHbixi hmchi: 
H3Bi^CTHb]H Keux poMaHOBi) Kpyrjaro CTOja Ha3BaHi to KeHBmi> 
(ttoncKa KeHHinoBa»; cj. y Polidori Chieso h Chienso), to Feymi 
BJH AaHce Ka3KbiHT>; JKeHbCBpa — to JKeaHCpoH, to — BejiBBepofi! 
IIpeAnojiosKflTb j[B, HTO nepecKa3qHKi> cepfiCKot noBtcTB 0CTaBBj[i> 

Bli dTOH ABOfiCTBeBHOCTB CJitj^hl AByXl) peqeBSiH pOMaaa, KOTOpbIMl> 

oui> cjitAOBajii), HJH OHi> 6bU'b Ha^HTaHi) H HacjibiiuaHi> Bi JBTepa- 

Typt, KOTOpOK) BHTepeCOBaJCfl, H OAHO H3^ AByXTi HMeHT> noACKa- 

aaHO BOcnoMHHaaieM'b? Kx 3T0My Bonpocy mm eiue BepHenca, 

£!> cjtAywmeMij AaJite aoaJHat Hamero TpHCTaea a cfija^aio 
ero CT> CTaponeiaTHbiM'b *paHay3CKHM'b poMauoMi h TeKCToan> IIo- 

JIBAOpH *). 

1. «Bbijn> Kopojib HMeHeMT> KjieBAaci»; y nero rocTBrb ero 
Apyrx, KopoJib AnojiJOBi, B'b ntCHy KOToparo BJirofiHJca Chm-b 
K^eBAaca. He CyAy^H bi cocToaHiH Ao6HTbca ea B3aHMHOCT0, oui> 
noACTeperaeTi> Anojrjona ea nyTH AOMod, ySHBaerb ero h BejiBrb 
CpocHTb B'b ptKy, a ero aceay c-b cbiHOM'b npHKa3biBaeT'b 3anepeTb 
B'b BbicoKyio KaMopy. CioAa ohi cnoBa aBjaeTca ki Hen ch npcAJio- 
HceaieM^ j[K)6bh, ho OHa BbiSpacbiBaoTca mi^ OKHa. Me«Ay TtAfb 
BtpHbiH xoprb AnojwoHa BbiTaiUHJEX ero rfejo H3'b boaw, cxopo- 

HHJI1> ero B'b BbipblTOH BM'b aMt H CaMl* Ckjily CTOpO»CHTb Ha M0rH4'i&. 

BHAHTb 3T0 BbitxaBmiif Ha oxoTy Kopojib KjieBAacTb, DpH3Haerb 
xopTa AnojuoHOBa, BejHrb BbiKonaTb yMepmaro h npeAaeTca nenajiB, 
a3arfeM'b Kie^ierb KjrHH'b, ^to OAapHTb 6oraTbiMH AapaMH Toro, kto 
yKawerb eny y6ifi^y ero Apyra, a kto 3Haerb Aa ne AOHecerb, 
6yAerb «kojiomt> KapaH'b». OAHa AtBKa o6tmaeT^ Bce pa3Ka3aTb, 
ecjH Kopojib HcnoJHHTT> TO, Hewh OHa ero noopocHTb. y3HaB'b 
B'b HeM'b A^jo, KjieBAaci nocjiaji 3a cbiHOMi Anojjrona, KOToparo 
BejBTb BOCHHTbiBaTb y ce6a, a CBoero cbina CHce^b na KocTpt. 



^) Ilaparpa^biy na KOTOpue Mfiate pa360TO nsjioiKeHie, Hiitiorb utjbio o6jer- 
qnTb cpaBHCHie Bni^niHairb o6oco6jieBieifT» 3QH30aor'b. Ha<iaio TpHCTana b-b py- 
KOOHcn aocTpa^iajo orb cupocTH, u B%KOTopufl cjOBa ae mofjih 6biTb npoireHU. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fl31> HCTOPIH POMABA H nOBlGTH. 139 

Tyrb BbiciynHja Atena ct> CBoeio npocb6oH, Koropyio KieBiacB 
oetmaji'b HcnojraHTb: oHa npocnrb y Hero — ero cwHa; OHa 6yAerb 
HM^Tb ero, HO — taepTBaro, oxBiqaerb Kopojb. Pa3Ka3i> oep^xo- 
AHTb Ki> cbiHy AnojJOHa, KaaAnamy, KOTopui BocoHTbiBaercfl y 
KjieBAaca; TeKcrb 3Atcb hojoh^ nponycKOB'b: (aKaHAHdmi>) 6biJi 
Ao6pbra BHTes h BejBKoe Ao6poTbi h sa ero.... 6hu rocyAapoMi 

KOpHOBaJICKBM H eJHltHOCKHM H BCH iu6a... A KOpOJb KjieBAaCl> AdJI 

3a Hero AO^Ky cboh) HMeHOMi.... n y bojekoh mhjoctb h jiacud. 

HcOJIOAHJI^AtTB.... (CTap)morO nOCTaSHJIH KOpOJieM KOpHOBaJICKBMl, 

a MOJOA(moro eiHu^HOCKHMii), a BHbie hijih do cB^Ty pbmapcKHMi> 
tuSbiqaeM.... a h raK ca 6biJH no cxopoaax pacnJOAHJH, mm ho 

raKBB UOBBHOBaTblH aj60 KpOBBblH... AaJ KOpOJieBCTBO KOpHOBaJECKOe 

y pyKH KopojH) IlejHmy, tuHi>.... eu Mapna, mxo ca bpoahji 
Mapxa MtcflAa, a Apyroro ....b ehWb 6jffl3K0 cMepxH, wu KopyHO- 
BajicbiHacBoero.... Ha KopojieBCXBO KopnoBajbCKoe, Kopojb MapKO 
Aaa'b cecxpy.... 3a KopoJA Me^«Ayma, KOxopwH ebijix BejiMH... y 
6jHu^H0ce». 

CitAywmifl H3BjieHeHifl hsx cxaponciaxHaro *paHi^y3CKaro po- 
wana*) yKaaeyxTi ua cxeooHb ero (5jh3ocxh kt> opHrHHajy pyccKaro 
nepeBOAa, a bm^cx* noMoryxT> BOcnojiHHXb ntKOxopbie npoCtJibi 

OOCJtAHHrO. 

Kopojb Clovis (KjieBAacTj) npHrjacHJii AnojJiOHa npHcyxcxBO- 
Baxb npa ero BtHqaHiH. Eiufi ao nofeAKH K'b XjOABHry A^OJlJlOH^, 
no coBtxy h sejiaHiK) sceHbi CBoea FjopiaHAbi, CH{eri> na Kocxpt 
npejK)6oAtHKy, etataBmyio c^ JHoSoBHHKOM'b, ho noHMannyK) h npn- 
BeAeHHyw na cyA'b ko ABopy. XjiOABHrb, no coB'fexy AnowoHa, 
BBOAHXT> y- ce6H xaKOH ace 3aK0ti'b, h 3xoxt> 3aK0H'b npoAepacajiCH 
Bo<I>paH£UH 200 JitxT>, noKa Henxoprca h3Ti repwaHiH 3aBoeBaxej!b 
Forles (Froles?) a ne yHHixoacHJi'b ero; Forles BnocjtACXBin fibux* 
y6HXT> ApxypoMij, KoxopwH oxAajiij <I>paHaiK) JIaHuejoxy (I, f. 
XVIII — XIX). — 3a axHM'b BBeAenieM'b, Koxoparo HtxT> bi na- 
u]eiii> xeKCxt, HAexT> pa3Ka3i> oOhMh oCobmi, cb HinoxopbiMH oxjih- 



^) no ii3AaHiio 1583 r. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



140 A. H. BECEJIOBCKiS, 

qiHMH, a HHOr^a H AOCJIOBHblMl CXOACTBOMl. CbIHl> XjoABHra (Chil- 

deric) bjik)6hjich bi Hceay Anoji^OHa h, nojiy^HBi oti nea OTKaai 
(f. XIX — Vous estes fol et sachez se plus en parlez ie vous 
feray honte), noACTeperaeTi> en MyHsa HaroCparaoM'b nyxH bt> jrfecy 
H y6HfeaeTT> ero, a ero atcHy, Cbina h xopxa BejiHn> OTBecxH bt> 
OAHH'B 3aM0K^. Bi> pyccKOMT> xeKcrfe CMepxejbHO paHCHbiH Kopojib 
roBopax'b aceet (nponycKH bt> xeKcrfe): «[ro]pe xaK ca cxajio h xara 
ivKpy xHafl CMepxb. [KopojieBara 6bij]a bcjimh CMyxHa h »ajiocxjiHBa. 
H peKJia.... xoe bjio cxajio ca». 4>paHay3CKiH xeKcxT> H3iaraexT> no- 
ApoCHie: «Si dist (Apollon): Dame, encores dis ie vray quant ie 
dis que ie avoyes amene mon ennemy de vous *), car se ie [ne] 
vous eusse amenee, encor ne me fust ce mal advenu. Lors fut la 
royne dolente de ceste adventure» (f. XIX). Kor^a nosAHte chiwb 
X.iOABHra flBHjica K-b Heft B'b CamHio, qui bien cuida faire sa vou- 
lente de la dame, oua roBopHxi* ejMy: «Vassal, pourquoy me avez 
VOUS honnie qui mon seignenr avez naure a mort, lequel par dega 
vous estoit venu faire si grant honeur.... et encores me cuidez 
VOUS plus honnir. Ce ne sera iamais» (f. XIX) = «w jhxbh sjibm 
qejOBene, moh rocnoAapT> upbimo[.ii].... aj^a [xJboch Aofipoe cjaBbi,' 
a xbi ero w CMepxb npbinpaBHjn> e xoxtj[6]bi eci eme Mene noco- 
poMoxHXH, aje xo ue Moace 6bixH». KopojCBa y6HJiacb, Bbi6pocBB- 
fflHCbHS^ oKHa, a Cbmi> XjioABHra BOCKjiHqaexi> : Haa las, que feray 
ie? Pay faict mourir la plus preude ferame du monde («ra caMi>.... 
M yMopbiJi. xaKyio KopojieByio 3 cero cstxa xaKi ^yAHyK).... 
u)naxpi>HOcxK)). Ohi> BejHxi ocMOxptxb paebi Anojijona, 3aKjQo- 
<ieHHaroHMi>Bi>xeMHHi]^; Bpa<iH npB3BajB hxi cMepxeJbHbiMB; Mepx- 



^) HaifeiTb na QOApo6HOCTb, ne BMikBiDyio M'&CTa bi* pyccKOirb TeRcr^ 
Hu, BtpoHTHO, Bi> ero QOxJinHHUK-i^: oXHaxcAu 3a croioirb, na Bonpocb XaoABHra, 
Koro OHi> DpHses'B ci> ccX^oio, AaojJioHi» OTBtHaji>: sjoro Bpara (xtesy), ckomo- 
poxa-3a6aBHaRa, jonglenr (cuna) h Btpaaro Apjra (xopra); or n'y faalt que 
mon serf (occjit*) 1. c. f. XVIII — XIX. OTBifen» axon. QOHpaBHicfl XaoABmry; 
Korxa Q03AH%e ohi> BnxHn> AooxiOHOBa xopra, eiiy npaxoAflTB ua naiiflTb cioaa 
noRoKHaro: que c'estoit (ro-ecrb, xoprb) son amy, et sa femme que c'estoit son 
ennemy (f. XIX). noAo6HUfl OTOHcecrBjeHia Cun ooayjiflpHu bt» jurreparyp'^ ho- 
nexTB. Ci. CiaBflBCRifl CKasaBin o CaiOMOHt u KnTonpact, crp. 88 cit^. h npHM. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



. 1. .^ 



H3Ti HCTOPII POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 141 

BarooHxnpHKa3biBaerB6pocHTb(f.XIX)«en Teau de Loire». Cjt- 
Ayerb H3BtcTHi>iH dnn30Ai> o xopTt; ohi> He AapoMi> Boeri), Kopo^b 
caiTB xoHerb aosHarbCfl apourquoy ce estoit, car Apollo Taymoit 
moult et luy auoit dit qae c'estoit son amy et sa femme que 
c'estoit son ennemy. Lors fut dessus Apollo, et quant le roy le 
?it et il fut dessevely, si le congneut, lors dist qu'il estoit honny 
quant si preudhomme estoit mort en sa terre et en son conduit. 
Lors le fist le roy porter au chasteau ou il deuoit gesir et illec 
fut mis en terre. Puis fist crier le roy que qui scauroit a dire 
certaines nouuelles de la mort Appolo, qu'il Iny donneroit ce 
qu'il luy demanderoit. Lors sault une damoyselle auant quant 
elle ouyt la promesse du roy et dist: Se tu me tiens verit6 de ta 
promesse, ie te diray verite de la mort de Appolo; et le roy Ten 
asseure. Et elle luy compte tout ainsi I'achoison de sa mort si 
comme vous ay dit deuant et que encor est son filz en la tour ou 
il fut mis en prison et le nourrit une Damoyselle. Et quant le 
Roy entend cecy, fust doleut et dist: Mon filz m'a honny, mais ie 
le honniray. Lors envoia querre Tenfant et le fist nourrir et gar- 
der tant que il fut puis roy de Cornouaille et de Leonnoys. Lors 
apres fistvenir son filz deuantluyet luy dist: Vous me avez honny 
qui au conduit de moy avez occis le plus preudhomme que ie eusse, 
et ie vous honniray. Lors commence la damoyselle a plourer et 
le roy commanda que on en face ung grant feu pour I'ardoir. Et 
lors fut faict comme il eust commande, si y fut le filz du roy 
mene, et commanda que il fust gette dedans, car ia n'en seroit 
espargne. Et la damoyselle vient avant et dist: Sire, donnez moy 
mon don. Ie vous demande votre filz. Et vous I'aurez, dist le 
roy, mais il fera penitence de son mesfaict. Lors commande que 
il soit gette au feu, et Ten luy gette. Et quant il le vit en Tar- 
deur du feu, si dist: Damoyselle, or le prenez, car autrement ne 
vous sera delivre de par moy. Ainsi destruire fist Clovis son filz 
ne oncques ne le voulut espargner. 

Mais a tant ce taist du leurier et de^Tenfant nomme Candace 
(«Aje Tw acraBMO h BepuHMO ca Ky iwHOMy AuojiOHoay ahtath. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



142 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

KOTopoMy HMA 6huo KaHAHenn»»). Koria ohi Bbipoci, XjioABHnb 
OTAajx 3a Hero cboio ao% Cresille; y hhxt> 13 CbiHOBefi; crap- 
mifl, Crises, nacji'feAOBaji'b oxi^y bt> Cornouaille, MjiaAineMy Spaxba 
ycxynHJiH Leonnois, a caMH (f. XX) s'en allerent pourchasser en 
estrange terre. — IIocjrfeAHeMy annsoAy namero OTA^Ja, oco6jraBO 
nocxpaAaBineMy ott> nponycKOBi, OTB^qaei'L bi poMaHt cjrtAywniee 
MtcTo: «Tant allerent les roys de Cornouaille de hoir en boir que 
il en y eust ung appell6 Felix qui tant hait gentilz hommes que 
il en fut mehaigne dedans la grant esglise de Norchoult. Le roy 
Felix eut deux filz et quatre filles; Tung des filz fut appelle 
Marc pource qu'il fut ne au mardy au moys de mars. Le roy 
Felix fist couronner son filz Marc a roy, quant il gisoit luy et sa 
femme du mal d^ la mort, du royaulme de Cornouaille, et puis 
si fist tant que le roy de Leonnoys print une de ses filles qui 
estoit appellee Ysabel, et le roy estoit appelle Melyadusw. 

Bceny axoMy ox^tJiy bx msjimw IIojehaoph oxB^qaiox^ npH6JH3H- 
xejLHO cxp. 8 — 10 nepBaroxoMa, uoxaKt, qxo npHcaMOMT> fitrjiOMi) 
cpaBHOHiH oxjraHifl peMKuiH fipocawxca bt, rjiaaa. IlepBbiMT) Kopo- 
jieMi> KopnoBajfl hsi poAa CojdMona (e di suo lignaggio di Bra- 
manza) Gbwh Codo (Bap. Codonas, Condenas, Condones), y nero 
CbiHi Anzilere h aohb Trasfilas. Cjiynnjiocb oAHaac^bi, hxo Anzi- 
lere 6e3T> bchkoh npHTOHbi npejiaxejbCKH yCHJb AnoJiJioHa, nepBaro 
Kopojifl Lionis'a, h3t> AjieKcaHApoBa po^a. Codo BejraxT> oxpyfinxb 
eMy rojiOBy h BOcnHxbiBaexT> BOCbWHjrfexHflro Cbina AnojiJiOHa, Gan- 
daries'a, cxaBHxi ero pbiuapeMX), BbuaexT> 3a eero AOHb, a no 
CMepxH ocxaBjiaexT> eMy CBoe uapcxBO. Y Gandaries'a 12 cbiHOBefi; 
cxapmiH, Zersides (Bap. Cresides), cxaHOBHxcH no3AH'fee Kopojie»rb 
KopeyajTbCKHMx, Bxopofi, Baralis, BjacxHxejieMT> Lionis'a; ocxajib- 
Hbie Cpaxba nycKaioxcfl bt> pbiqapcKifl npnicjioqeHifl no AajieKHMX) 
cxpaHaiTb. IIo CMepxH Zersides uapcxBO nepexoAHXT> ktj ero 6paxy 
Baralis, y Koxoparo ABa Cbma, Feriando h Felissi; no CMepxH Ba- 
ralis H Feriando Hxt uapcxBa coeAHHwoxca b% pynaxi Felissi, 
Koxopbifi yaiHpaexTi ct ropa BCjtACXBie nopajKeuifl, HaneceBHaro 
ewy HpjiaHACKHMTi KopojieMT. Dilianfer. Y Felissi xpe cbina: Me- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 143 

jiaiiycfc (Kopojib Lionis'a), MapKt KopayajibCKiH (TaKT> HasBaHHEifi 
noTOMy, qro poAHJica b^ nepBbiH BTopHeKTi Mtcflua iwapxa) h 
nepea. — Jlnmb uosme (cxp. 31 — 32) roBopHTCfl, hto nocjt 
BOHHbi MemAy ApTypoMT> H MejiiaAycoM'b h no cjiyiaio npasAHOBa- 
HiH MHpa Memny hhmh, nepBbra npe^Jiaraerb BTopoMy ateHHXb ero Ha 
Eliabella, Aonepn aapn Andremo HuapHUbi Felice, cecxpbi Apxypa. 
2. y Ejrio6eJbi h MejiiaAyca aojifo ntrb A^Tefi; naKOHeu'b ko- 
po^eBaaaCepeMeHBjia. B'b AaJibHtHmeMt msjioTRenm ecxb irfeKOxopbie 
npo6tj!bi: KopoJib 'kjievh na oxoxy ct> MHorHMH pbmapflMB, «h npbi- 
cxaji KT) u;AHOH Bo^e, npw KOxopoH yMepT> (kxo)?...» Ty^a ace 
BBjflexcH OAHa A^BHua, AaBHO jK)6HBraafl ero, h yBjeKaex'b npeAJio- 
acenieftTb noBecxH ero B'b xaKoe nyAHoe M'fecxo, KaKoro oh^ AaBHO 
He BHAaji'b. Kopojib corjacen^, h o6a nycKaioxca bt> nyxb. ttHiuHa 
exajia Aoporoio... omt> exajia... a doxom hoht> 6bijia b... [bbJacjih 
BeJMH... Buibi... HHjm MHorHe BejMH Becejio npbiH^^JH koha noAi> ko- 
pojreM H 36poK). A xo 6bu ropoA tuHoe a^bkh; wna ero nonejia 
yB-OAHy BejiMH xopomyio KOMopy, h kojih 6bijn> Kopojib y joacHHUbi, 
npeMennjo ca Kopojio capita h MbicJib h He 6biJia eMy na BMt ero 
KopojeBaA a hh 6jHtuH0C KopojiencxBO ero, hh CJiyrH, xojko tunaA 
AtsKa, KoxopaA ero yneja ao xoifo] ropoAa h»c 6hu ahbho sa^apo- 

BaH. BBAeBfflbl xo KOpOJeBW BHXeSH, HaC He fiblJIO KOpOJA KOJKO 

Aen, H exajH ero HCKaxH h ne hofjh ero nanxH a hh tu neMii b^ao- 

MOCXH MtXH. H CUnaA KOpOJCBaA B3ABmbI 3T> C060K) tUAHy AtBKy H 

caMa noexoja HCKaxH KopojA MejrarziAyma, a6bi xo Morjia w HeMi> 
wKyio BiAOMOCx M'fexH. H B*exajra y BejHKoe AoCpOBbi h mhofo 6jiy- 
AHje, Hu^yqbi no bchx exoponax KopojA, h noxKaJiH Mepjrana npo- 
poKa, H MepjiHH no3ApaBHJi KpoieByio. Q u^na eny na xo peiaa 
ooiecneHe h peKJia: ^ofipwH leJOBtqe, ecJiH CyAem cjibixaji aji6o 
Maem laKyK) BtAOMOcx tu Moent naHy Kopojra MejiHWAymy, KoxopbiH 
3te6i> 6e3 B*cxH, AJJfl 6ora noBtAae mh, ecJH acbiB ecxi.. MepjniH 
peKT,: FocooHco, npaBAy xoSt noBtAaw, hhc ecx kwb, 3AopoB h 
BejbMH Beceji^xaKi, mm hhkojih nepeA xbiM xaK Becej ne 6biBaji; 
a4e xbi BHce ero cbohmh iDHHMa ne HOHcem BHAexH. H xo peKmli 
siHHyji urr nee, h u^na 6bTJia BejbMH Hcajiocna h oonajia xyacBXH h 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



l44 A. H. BEGEJiOBGKIH, 

DJiaKaTH, KjeHyqbi Aenb poateBA CBoero h roAHHy Tyio, bi> Koxopyio 
CA poAHJa; H XTO 6bi T0€ bh;iaji>, He 6biji 6bi xaK TBep^oro capi>aa, 
mTo6bi Ha Hee CMOTpenbi ne njaKaji, h KopojeBOH pa3MH0»(bija ca 
HcajocT H He Moria Aajen exaxH h act^a hc KOHa». — Cj. cooxBtx- 
cxBywmiii anHSOAT* *paHa3'3CKaro poMana: AOiraa HenjoAHOcxb ko- 
pojCBbi; MejiiaAj'crb na oxoxt, Bcxptqa ct> AtBymKofi, Koxopaa ero 
jHoSBjia H nacxHraexb ero (I. c. f. XX) «deuant une fontaine ou le 
roy estoit illecques descendu pour ung cheualier qu'il auoit illec- 
ques trouue occis. Si le salua et luy dist: Roy, moult ay ouy 
parler de toy en grant bien, mais se tu estoies si hardy comme 
on dit et tu me osoyes suiuir, ie te monstreroy encores ennuit 
une des plus belles adventures que tu vis oncques». KopoJb co- 
rjramaexcfl h ±n.eTb cb A^ByuiKOH (1. c.) «tant qu'ilz vindrent en 
une rocbe qui estoit a la damoyselle. Ceulx de leans firent grant 
ioye et la damoyselle prend le roy et le mena en sa chambre qui 
moult estoit belle, et si tost comme il y fut entre, il ne luy sou- 
vint de riens nuUe fors que de la damoyselle qui le avoit leans 
amene qui devant luy estoit, et en telle maniere demoura le iour 
avec la damoyselle. Ceulx de son hostel le queroyent par tout, 
maisoncquesn'ensceurent sea voir aucune certainete et cuiderent 
que aulcuns I'eussent occis par trahyson. Quant la royne Ysabel 
vit que son seigneur ne revenoit pas, si print une de ses damoy- 
selles et dist que elle mesmes le yroit querir si cele[e]ment que 
nul ne le scauroit. Lors monterent elle et sa damoyselle et s'en 
alia querant parmy le bois le roy Melyadus son seigneur. Ainsl 
que elle le alloit querant, si encontra Merlins. Cuidant que ce 
fut ung forestier si luy dist: Dy hau, forestier, me scaurois tu a 
dire nulles nouvelles du roy Melyadus mon seigneur qui perdu 
est en ceste forest? — Dame, dist Merlins, on ne peult recouurer 
ce qui est perdu, mais cestuy sera encores recouure; et sachez 
que il est sain et haite et ayse, mays iamais ne le verrez. Et 
quant il eut ce dit, il se esuanouit si que la royne ne sceut que il 
fffst deuenu, et lors commence a faire son deuil de ce que Mer- 
lins luy avoit dit si grant que le mal de son ventre luy en print 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



- H31 HCTOPIB POM AHA H nOB*CTH. 145 

et que elle ne pent avant aller, si le dist a sa damoyselle, que le 
mal de son ventre luy est prins. Et la damoyselle en commence 
a ploarer de pitie; et lors commence la royne a crier a haolte 
voix et a reclamer Dieu et sa mere». 

KopojeBa pasptmHiacb orb 6peMeHH cbiHOMi>, eajo^'b ROTopbiMi 
»ajio6HO apH<iBTaeTi>: anpbimja ecuH ^ajocHa na cee Mtcro h 
B HaiocTH ecHH Te6t nopoAHjai), roBopHTi> oaa^ aa tm ca b »a- 
jiocTH poAHJi, H Hexan To6t CyAex hma HtaJM)CT» (cjr. 1. c. triste 
vins icy, triste acouche et en tristeur ie t'ay eu, et la premiere 
feste que ie t'ay faicte a este en tristesse, et pour toy me mour- 
ray triste. Et quant par tristeur es venu en terre, tu auras nom 
Tristan). KopojOBa yMopaerb, AiBymwa ocxaexcfl ch pe6eHKoii*b, 

KOPAa flBJIHK)TCH ABa BBTfl3fl, pOACTBeHHBKH Mejiaiyca. YBHAtBl), 

^TO KopojiCBa cKOHHajacb, OHH xoTBTb cpyfiBTb H pe6emca, htoCm 
saBJiaAtTb EjioHOcoMi, ho AtsymKa ynojHja bxi> non^aABTb abth 
noAi> ycjOBieni'b — othoctb ero bt> Apyryio seMJio, tslkl qro o Hem 
fl BtcTH He CyACTb. — PbiuapH BoaBpamaioxca HaaaAi ci> rkiOH-b 
KopojeBbi; HO OHa 6bija 6epeAieHHa, nyAa ace Atnajocb ahth? cnpa- 
mHBaiorb ropoacaHe, h MepjHmb flBJiflexca, ^xoC-b oGjmmnTb aio- 
yubimieHUBKOBi> h o6iHBHXb BctHi, 4X0 lepedi xps ahb ohb yBH- 
AaxT> MejiiaAyca. BocnHxanie ero Cbwa OH'b xo4exT> nopyiHXb Fo- 
Bopnapy (Gouvemail) HS'b KopojiencxBa aryjiemcKaro» (Aajite: Hs-b 
Fajiyma: de Gaule), KOxopbiH conpoBoacAaexT> ero ao ptKH 
BpbiKBHH (la fontaine Bargaigne) ^), pa* Ha cxoiSt (perron de 
marbre) naAOHCb cb BMeHauH xpexi> HaB6ojbmBxi> pbiaapeS, HMtio- 
mBxi> 3Atcb cbixaxbCH: Fajaaia (Galaad), UJflaajoxa HTpbiu^aHa. 
^aj'fee MepjBH-b tAexT> kt> AtBKt, BOcnHXbiBaBmefi TpHCxana, h irb 
Tofi, Koxopan BOJimeficxBOM-b Aepataja y ce6fl MeiiaAyca; nepBOH 
BejflXT> oxHecxH MajibiBKa BiBjiioHocb, Bxopyw 3acxaBjflK)XT> cbjioS 
BbiAaxb DJitHHBKa^). Bo3BpameHiK) MeiiaAyca Bct paAw; kopab 



^) IIoapo6bocth aauiero TeKcra, hto (6epeMeHHaa) }Keuii;HHa, OTBi^AftB'^ boau 
U3i> BBH, He CHOCHja 6bi pe6eHKa, <»paHay3CKitt poMaai* ee sHaeT'b. 

2) Bo^paHuyacKOirb xeKcxt nocj'feAOBaTeJbHOCTi. ^pyraa: MepjiHH'b eaopa- 
BAHeTb JK>Aeft MejiiaAjca ki> AtsyuiKt, AepncaBinefi ero y ce6fl; oaa ocbo6o» 

C6opnn II Ota. H. A. H. 10 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



146 A. n. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

npHHecjiH TpHcxana, MepJiBHt BejHn* Cepeqb ahta, roeopHTL, he 
BonpocTB Kopojifl ero AOJit, hto OHt CyAerb h3t> crrpex pbmdpoBi> 
HaHSojibfflbiH pbmep'b)), (f. XXI ung des trois meilleurs cheualiers 
du monde), h cOBtxyerb nopy^HTb ero FoBopHapy. Sarhwb ohx 
yAajflexcfl, He CKJOHHflCb na npocbSbi Kopoifl — ocxaTbCfl. ysHaBi 
orb AtByniKH, qxo ero cbiH^ y«e KpemeHi) h eMy abho hmh, Me- 
jiaAycTi oxAaexi> ero bi eayKy h oneKy FoBopHapy. 

^jiH xoro, ^xo6w BCxptxHXb y IIojiHAopH paaKasi, cooxBtx- 
cxByioniiH cooCmeflHOMy, naAO nepeHecxHCb oxi cxp. 11 Kb 39 — 
48. H yKaacy na rjiaBHbiH oxjhhIh bt> coAepHcauin: o AOJirofi 6e3- 
AtxHOCXH 3jiia6ejibi HtxT> ptqn; MejiaAycb Oxoxhxch b^ bcjihkoS 
nycxbiflt di Medilontas (Bap. Meliandes), rAt y fontana del Dra- 
gone BCxptHaexT> A^BymKy, la Savia Donzella, yBJCKawmyio ero 
Bi Torre dello Incantamento. — 3jiia6ejiJia HAexi HCKaxb ero Cb a*- 
BymKoe; Bcxpi^na ct> MepjeHOHi* h poHCAenie TpHCxaea (hmh eiiy 
Tantri = tant triste, ho ecjiHCTi nocxaBHXb tri nepeA^ tano, nojiy- 
quocb obi 6ojie KpacHBoe hmh, roBopexT> aBxop^: Tritan). — 
MepjHHi> He cam HAexii sa MejiaAycoMi>, a nocbuaexb Boopyacee- 
HyK) cHjy Kb A^ByrnKt, AepacaBmefi ero bT) nitny; B»rfecrfe ct> Go- 
vernale lo Pensoso oht> HAexT> B'b BejiHKyio nycxbiHw, fa* y fontana 
de Lionne (Bap. del Lione) cxojiS'b cb HMOHaMH xpexi> pbmapei 
(Galeotto = Galaad). CjitAyexi> ajueropHnecKoe xojKOBame cxoj6a 
(petrone di Merlino), saHHCxBOBaHHoe aBxopomi bsi khbih, ua ko- 
xopyio OHi Hacxo ccbuaexcn, KaK'b na cboh HCxoqHHKT> ^). — Mep- 
jEWb H FoBepnajib Bcxptqaioxi A'feByniKy c^ TpacxaHOMi) B'b nyc- 
xbiHt H BMtcxt B03Bpamaioxcfl BT> TopoAT), KyAa y»te npH6biJi» 
MejiiaAyci. — /l,tByniKa Harpa»AeHa, pwaapflM'b-npeAaxejflM'b ox- 
py6HJH rojoBbi. 

3. ccTo u/cxaBMO H noBeAaHMO cu KopojH MapKy KopoHOBajcKOMo 
(1. c. f. XXI: Mais atant laisse le compte a parler de Tristan et 

AaerB ero; MepjiHHi> •fe;^eTT> ci» FoBepHajeM'b kt» x'^^ByniKi^, y KOTopoft bocdhtu- 

BaJCH TpMCTaHl>. 

1) Oea npHHaMextajia Meccepy aYiero di Guascogna, dello lignaggio di Carlo 
Magno di Francia; e il detto libro si ^ al presente di messer Garo o vero Gaddo 
deljanfranchi di Pisa». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 147 

du roy Meliadus son pere et parle du roy Marc comment il occist 
son frere sur la fontaiae au Lyon). Y Kopojifl MapKa 6bijn> MJiaA- 
mifi 6parb ITepia (f. XXI Perneheu), AoSpwH pbmapb. Docjibi HSb 
«0pijeHA3H» opHxoAarb TpefioBaxb y MapKa Aara aa ceMb jtrb. 
Obt> CMyxHJicfl; Ilepjia coBtxyerb Aara ne Aasaxb, «aje ujtohmh ca 
ueioMi Ha ooJiH, aaHiom ecjH yMpemi u;t Meqa, no^ecHO yMpem». 
(f. XXI se vous mourez, ce sera vostre honneur, se vous vivez, 
cevousseragloire et louenge toute vostre vie). MapK-b ccbiJiaeTca 
Ha TO, HTO AaHb AaBaiH h npeacAe; Uepja roBopHTb: «ak Koxopoe 
iiepBO Fjyue qbiuHJiH, rmiy a Tbi xo<iemi>» (ib. se vostre lignaige 
folloya, voulez vous pour ce faire follie et le maintenir?). Kopojib 
Ch 3THM'b He copjiaceHTi, BbicjymHBaerb oonpeKi epaxa h, anaa 
ero 3a AoCparo pbmapH , HaiHHaexi* 6oflXbCfl ero *). Ha oxoxt, 
Koria Ilepja Harnyjca nnxb kt> ptKt (1. c. fontaine au Lyon; o 
QHXbt Htrb ptiH), MapKi> yCHBaexTi ero. aToroacb qacy MepjHH 
Aaj 3HaxH AniaoJioxy AoCpoMy pbmapy; ooxomi Ahiuoj!Oxt> yAa- 
pbixb Kopojfl yB-oibi: Tbi-cb sApaAHC BfiHjrb Ao6poro pbmapa 6paxa 
CBoero» (1. c. ia ne eust este sceu se ne fust ung escript que Mer- 
lin fist en une roche que Gaheriet trouua depuis et le monstra a 
Lancelot. Ces deux sceurent ceste adventure et puis le reprocha 
Lancelot du Lac au roy Marc). 

Cj. Polidori cxp. 10—11: Amorotto (sap. Amoroldo) HpjaHA- 
CKiS xpe(5yen> ofibiqHoS Aana (Koxopyio Felis oCtmajcn njaxHXb 
Derianfer'y — Dilianfer'y); 6paxT> MapKa HasBanx Perna; ohi> 
yfiflXTj Ha oxoxt nel diserto di Liantes, fontana del Lione. OMep- 
jiHHt u ^lauuejiort HtxT> piqa. 

4. MejiiaA)-^! aceuHxca bo BXopoH pa3T> na KopojiCBt ^sMaAoe 
3eMJB» (♦paHu. poMaHT., 1. c: la fille au roy Hooel de Nantes de 
la Petite Bretaigne), KOPAa TpHCxany 6biJ0 ceiib jrfexT>. Ma'ieja ne- 
HaBHAaxi> ero, h6o Cohxch, qxo oht> «noAT> ee cwhom u>3Mexb uan- 
cxBO», H nbixaexca oxpaBHXb ero (h ne Morja hhwh, xojiko xpyxH3- 
uoK) = 1. c. mais elle ne veoit pas comment, se ce n'estoyt par 



') ^paHu. TCKCTb s^tcb ropaaAO noApoCHte ; BtpoflXHw coKpameHia co cio- 
poHu aepeeoAHUKa. 



10* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



148 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

venin). npBroTOBBBi> HAOBBTbifi HanflTOKi) bi> cepe6pflHoS <pjfliut 
(1. c. vaissel d'argent), oea craBHTB ero b% rojiOBaxi «b Jo»efl»; 
He 3HaH TOHi>, HflHbKa en co6cTBeHHaro pe6eHKa eanoBia ero 
TtHi nHTbeMi>, OTqero ahtb Torqaci me yMepjio. HflHbKa npBHfl- 
jiacb ropbKO oJiaKaTb, ee Bct oSBBHflicrb, BMtcrl cb ApynmH h 
KopojieBa. Oea roBopHTb: ee h ero yMopnjia, a Torb, irro nocra- 
BHjfb 3Atcb dTOTi axb, GnpomeBHaH Kopoj[eHi>, OHa OTstqaerb 
xaKae, h Kopojib BipHTb axoMy h BejHTb ee oxoycTHTb, a FoBop- 
Hapi) roBopHTi eMyj •rro xa «xpyxH3Ha» nparoxoBJieHa 6bijia jb6o 
eMy caMOMy (MejriaAycy), jihCo TpHcxaey. Kopojb BxaSat coBt- 
iij^aexcfl CO cbobmh (1. c. ung sien priv6), kxo 6bi Mon> xo yqenaxb, 
a Kopojena HbicJHJia npo ce6fl: ((Xojko ecMH cbina BMopbua, a «ioro 
ecMB xoxtjia, xoro He BHbiHHja». FoBopHapii BejHxi TpHCxany ne 
o6ii(axbCfl Cb Manexoii, Koxopan cxpoHxi HOBbifl koshh. OAHaffiAki, 
Kor^a TpHcxani) npHineJii> Kh oxe^ bi jio»chhi^, Kopojb Beitjii* 
Aaxb ce6t naxb; TpBcxani atuxBopbu u;AHy tujiMapeio, rAe cxoraiH 
AoCpbie HHXbA, H HamojiTi uiahhi* KyCoK'b ibicxoe xpyxHSHbi h 
B3ABimbi npbiReci> Kopojio, a KopojieBara npbimjia b xox qac h B6a- 
HHja B KopojTA Ky6oK B pyi^a H aaKJHKajia: Xlane, ajia Bora ne dr 
xoro HHXA)) — noHOMy? — «He Ao6po xo xo6t hhxh© (f. XXII Le 
boire n'est pas bon pour vous). Ki qeMy me xbi xpaHBinb xaKofi 
HanHxoK'b? cnpaniHBaexi> Kopojb h rutBHO aaAyMajicfl. Bhahxi axo 
TpHCxaHT*, najTj na KOjfeHa, npocHx-b y oxaa c(a»j^HO^o Aapy». Ilojiy- 
qEBT* o6tniaHie, obi mojihxt> oxnycxHXb rHtB-b Ma^ext, h6o He no- 
AoOaex-b c<a6bi moa nann arHnyjia kojh €h Mory jKbiBOx aaxo- 
BaxH)>. — «Xxo xo6t cee paAHji?» cnpamHBaexT> ero Kopojb; Tpn- 
cxBHi oxBtqaexi>: ccBor Bt, hh c khmi> ca ccmh ue paAHj, aje 
opaBAa H noAo6Hocxb moa ua xo ma neja, mm mb ca xo HenoAo6ajo 
a6bi Morzi naHH srHnyja kojh cb Mory scbiBOx 3axoBaxHi> (f. XXII: 
Or me dy qui le te conseilla demander? Sire, dist TenfaDt, fors 
que raison et aussi droicture qui mene mon cueur, et ce que ie 
ne doys pas laisser perir ma dame quant ie la puis bien sauluer). 
ToFAa Kopojb BejiHXT> Hcent Bbinnxb xoxt> KyCoirb; ona oxKasbi- 
Baexcfl H noA'b yrpoaot CMepxa roBopHXb, hxo xoxi aatj ona npn- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31> BCTOPIH POMAHA B DOB^CTB. 149 

roTOBBJia TpBcraay. Ee yBOAHTB bI) TeMHBi^, a MejiaAycB co6b- 
paerb coBtrL no efl Atjy; cyABB opBroBapssaiorb ee kl CHepTB, 
xoTfl caHB DjaqyTB, bo Kopojb ptmaerb, KaKi npocBJi> TpBCTaHi>: 
«ByAi> TaiPL WKT> Tbi xoqem^, aexaB eyAerb to6ok) BbiasojeHa... 
H KopoJieBaA uicTajia bob-qokob npbi KopojiB^ aje Kopojib ae m^ji 
Ha nee jacKB, Jien tojiko eeHaBBAAJi co Bcero capaa^. OAHaHRAbi, 
KOFAa MejiiaAycb cb cbinoHi b roBopaapoMii 6biJB aa oxoTt, 
HBBjracb ABa pbmapn, cnpamBBaioTb: Kto 3Atcb Kopojb? IlArb oTBt- 
qaiOTb: SA^Cb Kopojib cb chmowb. roBopHapi> cooxBaTBicn: Htrb 
3Atcb CbiHa, ero ocTaBBJia AOMa. TorAa rh pbmapn opBcrynajH 
Kb MejiaAycy a roBoparb: <cTbi aaMi) ae qbiaajii) aanoro sjioro, 
aje aexTO bbwb c tbocco ABopa Mbicjar aacb noryeaxa, b xenep 
MbicjiBMO 36biTa Toro ecjiB y3M0HceMi>». Oaa y6BBaiorb Kopoia b 
caiifl y6BTbi. c(A u;bh ii;6aABa 6bijB njCMA KHt2i3io B3 HopoTy, 
KOTopbie 6bijia aaaCojimoe djcma u)t KopaoaajiB. To bmi> 6bija 
u/AaaA Bopoac6BTKa noBBABja: eaM noraayTB idt KopojiA Mejara- 
Ayma ABopa. A B^ tom bmi Cbua paAa turb KopojiA MapRa Kop- 
aoBajibCKaro, bhc tuai 6o»j ca Tpbin^aaa, ecja npbiBAeT k jtTOMi>, 
a6bi €ro c naacTBa ae BbiraajT>, rziKi 6bija tuaaA Bopo»c6BTKa 
peKja, raaoac b noxoMX, kojib Tpwmaai npwmojii k jtTOMi, npbi- 
moxb BS'b cbo€K) ApyawaoK) a bSbji KBra3A bsi Hopoxa CBoeio 
pyKOK) B CKa3BJ'b ropoA Bxx, ujRiy raw aaMcab aa KaneaB ae 30- 
CTaj[». — CfiHBiBBOCTb pyccKaro xcKCxa ofi'bflcaaexca cpaBaeaieM'b 
Cb *paai^y3CKBMT>; pwaapa roBopaxT> Kopojio: (1. c.) Roy Melya- 
dos, nous te voulons grant mal et si ne I'as pas desscrvy, mais 
toy ou homme de ton lignaige le desservira, car nous serons 
honnis et avillez par toy ou par homme de ton lignaige et toute 
Cornoualle en tremblera de paour, et pour le destoumer si nous 
en prendrons a toy». Oaa «estoyent hoirs de Morhoult et leur 
avoit dit unedaraoyselle qu'ilz devoyent estre honny par le roy 
Melyadus, si s*en cuydoient par ce destourner, et sanz faille ilz 
y estoient venuz par le conseil du roy Marc, qui ne doubtait 
homme du monde autant comme il fesoit Tristan. Si advint tout 
ainsi comme la devineresse luy avoit dit» a x. a. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



150 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

Tijo Kopojfl 0TB03flTi> Bt ropoAT>, TpHCxaHTi H ropo5Kaee ODia- 
KHBaiOTL ero, a MapKO ccno^iaj mhofo MbicJiora w tom. H npHinoji) 
K HeMy ltAHH^ xjionea, KOTopbiH 6ojimeH BiAaJi bbscjih HBbie jnoxm 
no MepjiHBy (ib. ung nayn qui estoit deuin et scavoit des choses 
advenir et avoit estc longtemps avecques Merlin qui moult lui 
avoit aprins) B Bce raxo naex 6biTB». Ont roBopHrt eny o6i 
onacBOCTB. Koxopaa oJKBAaexi) ero oxi^ TpacxaHa, KorAa ob^ npa- 
AexT) Bt cBjy ^), a FoBopBapi, bbab, hxo waqexa npoAOJiHaexT> ue- 
HaBBAtxb TpBCxana mum 6hi ca eu xam 3eMJiA tucxaja)), y6ta{Aaex^ 
ero ytxaxb bo <^paBi^iK), K'b Kopojio IlepeMOBxy (1. c. En Gaule 
au roy Pharamon), rA'fe ohi aayqaxcfl pwaapcxBy; KorAa xbi Bep- 

HeUIbCB BT, EjIHOHOCb, «HBXXO XB BC CyACX CBltXB P'feHbl, UlXOObl 

xo6t BeBAAqBO» (1. c. ia ne trouuerez vous nul si hardy qu'il le 
vous ose contredire). HepeMonxy, KOxopwH npBeHMaexT> Bxt mb- 
jocxBBO, ouQ ce6fl He Ba3biBaK)xi>. c(Tpbiii(aHi> noHaj[T> pocxH b jitBi>- 
maxH H B Majibix AHexi) h« ca eMy AiiBOBaxB no^iajB, Brpaji b maxbi 
H B Bapi^a6bi (f. XXIII: ieu des escbetz et des tables) lenmeB 

HaATj BHblXX, B BCAKOe €rO AOfipOXB He 6bIJ0 pOBHB, a HBXXO xaKT> 

cxpoBue He mor na kohh ceAtxB raicb ivm. Bi* nero BJwCjflexcfl 
A0% Kopojifl (bo ^paBo;. pomant: Belinde), Aojro xombxcb, pasAy- 
MbiBafl xoHb, KaKi> Aaxb eHy anaxb o CBoeS jk)6bb, b HaKOHem> 
oxKpweaexcH btj Hefi FoBopHapy: nycxb npBBeAex-b ero kt> Heft, 
BHane anpbinpaBJiK) ero ktj bcjibkoh jierKocxB». FoBopHap^ cuy- 
ui,eHT>: Hxo CKaaeexT> Kopojib, eoiB TpBCxaHi? noAAacxca? TtM^ He 
weHte outj oSimaexi HcnoJHBTb nopyqenie. — <l>paHa3'3CKiH poman'b 
pa3CKa3biBaexT> 3Atcb (f. XXIIII) 3nB30A^ (=Polidori, cxp. 55), 
HeH3B'fccxHbiH Bauiewy xeKCxy: o noctmeniH Kopoja ^apaMona 
Morhoult'oMT> (B'b HameM-b xeKCxife: Anypaxx) BpjauACKBM'b; lopo- 
ABBbiB (fol) opeACKasbiBaex-b eMy cwepxb oxi pyKB TpBcxana, 'lewy 
xoxT> CMtexcB; noaace, bo Bpena noeAHHKa ct> Morhoult, Tpncxau'b 
BaooMBHaexT> einy o npeACKaaaniB. — FoBopuapi roBopBxi> TpBCxan y 
o6x yBjeqeuiB A^BymKB; xoxt> aa oxptai* oxKa3biBaexT>, He wejaa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



D3T> HCrOPIH POMAHA H DOBfiCTH. 151 

ocKop6HTk npHHflBinaro ero K-b ce&k oraa (aGcjH i^a MHjyeT 36bi- 

TOHHOH) MHJIOCTblO, tn TOFO He BHHHK), HexaH 36liIT0K npbl HeHi>; CJI. 

1. c. se elle me ayme de bon amour, elle a droit, car aussi I'ayme 
ie de tout mon cueur a son preu et a son honneur, et s'elle 
m'ayme par folie, garde, car ia ne sera acomplie par moy). 
Kor^a roBopuapi* coo6m.aeTT> ofit axowL oTBtxt, oua chjmo one- 
lajiHjacb. (TaKi jh ca Tpbimau co BCHMt u)TMeHetuTHecji? = l.c. 
m'a il reflfusee). OAHajKA^i, Kor^a TpHcxani meji mhmo en jiojk- 
HHUbi, oHa Bbi6t«ajia, o6xBaTHia ero pynaMH h npHHSJiacb ero ut- 
JOBaxb; OH'b, 6oflCb, HxoCbi KT0-HH6yAb xoro He npHMtxHjn,, ox- 
xojKHyjii ee oxt> ce6fl. YBHAtBTj aaat xoro MixH ho mokcx qoro 
xoxtjia», OHa upHUHMaexca rojiocexb h c6i»(aBmeMycfl juoAy fobo- 
pHxi>, qxo TpHcxaHi xoxtji ee HanacHJiOBaxb (sKTBajixoBaxH = 1. c. 
hoonir). Kopojib BepHxi ofisHHeHiio h bcjibxi nocaAHXb TpecxaHa 
Bii xeMHHoy, FoBopHapi ouene^ewb; Kor^a ohi HAexi> wb 4>apa- 
MOHy, Bcxptqaiou^iecfl cpaMHxi ero: «TaK ja ecH bmbhrji Tpbin^ina? 
(1. c. qu'il auoit mal enseign6 Tristan). Kopojiio ohtj roBopexi 
HaeAHHt jk)6bh ero Aonepn h ea nopyqeHin; ho Kopojib eMy ne 
AOBtpaexb H xonexi cawi* Hcubixaxb Ao^b. UocjiaB'b aa neio oirb 
coo6maexi> eB, hxo xoqexi> oxoMCxexb 3a Haneceuuoe eft ocKopSjie- 
Hie. Ona oxBtnaex^: wFocyAapy, cnpaeeA^HBe ecx, nexaH KoacAbra 
tu3Mexb no CBOHM AtJaM. H pcK Kopojib: iI,OHKO, ecJB xbi Biicxoiem, 
xbi 6yAefflT> €My JKona, a ccjh ne Bcxo^em-b, whx SyACX wepxB'b. 
Q nauHa noiajia rjiCAtxH caMi> HxaM, h no3Hajii> Kopojib h}k ne ecxi> 
naHHa ueupbiraxejrb Tpbimaayw (f. XXIIII: Sire, il est droit que 
chascun compare sa folie. Et le roy dist: Fille, ia de telle mort 
nelescaurez iuger, qu'il ne meure, sur vous en sera le iugement. 
Et celle pense, se le iugement estoit sur elle, que il n'auoit garde 
comment que elle en fust blasmee apres. Le roy voit bien et 
appercoyt qu'elle ne hayt pas Tristan tant comme on cuide). 
ToFAa OH'b BejiHxi> npHBCCXH TpHCxaua h MnjeeHc^a, ABOfopoAnaro 
6paxa («AAAKOBHqa))) AO^epH (1. c. Meliant son cousin), oSBBHeuHaro 
wb CMepxeyeificxBt, h roBopHXT> A'feBymKt: iiycxb BbiSnpaex'b, komj 
HST) HflXTi yMepexb, OAuowy oht> npocxHX'b. Ta ho snaex^, wro CKa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



152 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

3aTi», 6oHTCfl nonpocHTb 3a TpHcxaHa, npocBTB sa MeiHeHua, no- 
TOifi> 3a TpBCTana, KorAa KopoJb sa&iaxByjiCH ea Hero He<iein>. 
Kopojib BacTaBBaerb na en nepaoirb ptmeaifl, a oaa roBoparb: 
nycTb JiyHine ee yebiorb, HiMT> ero; saxtMii npocBTb y oxua 
MeiTi, qxoCbi caMOH oTMCXBTb TpBcxaey, ho Kor^a MeTb y Hea 
Bi> pyicaxi), OHa oSiyBBJiflerb 0TE(y: oToycTB TpBCTana, hjb B-caMa 
ce6a yCbK). Ona cosHaexca, 'ito jHoSHx-b ero, a KopoJib roBoparb 
eMy: c<Tbi Bmd npaBi>x> (I. c. delivre). Kor^a TpHcxaHx padCKasajfb 
roBopaapy, KaKi obt> ocboCoahjich orb BSBe^eHHaro aa Hero o6- 
BBHenia, rovb C0BtxyexT> eny Caxb qejiOMX Kopojuo, qxo6T> oxnyc- 
xHJfb ero: KaKii 6bi naHHa a<ioro sjoro ne Bqb]HHJia» (1. c. mal nous 
enpourraitbien venir); ohh notiiyxi B'bEjioHOC'b kiaba* Mapny; 
xbixaK'bBOSMyacaji'b, hxo kojh 3axoqemb xaaxbca, xe6a Hey3HaK)XTi; 
6yAemb cjiyacaxb, a Kor^a HacxanexT* Bpeaia, caM^ Kopojib onoaraexi 
xeCa MeqeMi (1. c. vous fera chevalier). TpHCxan-b HAexT> oxKja- 
aaxbca IlepeMOHxy ^); Kor^a KopojieBaa ySHajia, hxo TpHCxaab yfe- 
jRSieTb, awuB. GhudL 36biXHe CMyxHa h nocjiaja €My BHOXOAHBKa h 
Bbiacjia OAHbiM naxojiKOMX)), Koxoparo TpHcxan-b oCtiuaexx, no ero 
npocbe*, nocxaBHXb pbmapew^, Kor^a caM^ 6yji&rb xaKOBbiM'b. 
Eme pa3^ nocbijiaexT> KopojieBHa K^ Tpncxany: npocHXT> npacjiaxb 
efi ero mcit,, qxo6bi ona Morjra noatjiosaxb ero. ITojyHHB'b Meq'b, 
OHa npoKOJiOJia ce6a aa Mtcxi. Bo <i>paHuy3CK0Mi ponaat (f. XXIIII) 
TpHcxaaT) ywe ytxajn>, KorAa A^ByniKa nocbi.iaexT> bx aofohk) 3a 
HHM-b CBoero escuier, ch jioSoBBbiMi nacbMOMX, bT) KoxopoM-b ch 
HHMT> npom.ajacb, xaKi Kaa'b ptmHJia saKOJioxbca Me^eM^, koxo- 
pbiMi> paHbnie ea oxem> xorfeji chocxh emy rojioay. BMicxt cb 
nncbMOMT, OHa niJieTb eMy CBoero brachet, wung des meilleurs bra- 
cliets du mondew (1. c); o6i> HHOxoAHHirfe ntrb ptw. CaMoy6ifi- 
cxBO npoBCXOAHxi) AO oxnpaBjenia nocJiaaHaro 3a nHCbMOMi); noc- 
jitAHift ocxaexca npH TpBcxaafe. aEt sacbez qu'il fut puis cheua- 
lier de grant proesse, compaignon de la table ronde, mais puis 
Toccist Tristan en la queste du sainct Graal par meschancet6, 

*) Bi* 4>paHa. TCKCTt (1. c. f. XXIIII) cuena c-l kopojcmt, noApo^Hte, h TpH- 
CTaHi> OTKpuBaerB eMy, kto oui* TaKofi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



II31> HCTOPIH POM AHA B •HOB'^CTH. 153 

ainsi comme il s'en alloit apres Palamedes le cheualier sarrazino 
(I.e.). Tome roaopHTL OHeMt Hami* TeKcn>, HOB^ApyroMt Mtcrfe 
no noBOAy nepsaro rypHBpa bi If pjaHAifl: «n na 3aBTpeH TpbiiAaHi> 
K>HaKa nocTaBHj[i> puiidpoM, h 6hui> xpa6pi> h BejHKoe Ao6pOTH h 
6biJ TOBapbim u/T (WKpyrjoro CTOja aeJHKoe AoCpora; a aacA 
c npbiroAbi 3a6HJi ero TpbimaHi> CBoeio pyKoio He anaioqbi nac ivh 
CTora.i'baanajiaMHAeHcoM, KoropbiH aejMH MRJ0Baji> i^AHyio HmoTy. 
A TOMy pbiuapy 6biJ0 hma Bep6einx». 4>paBay3CKiH poMaa-b 
(f. XXIX) noBTopaerb npa arowb cjiynat to ace H3BtcTie, bi Ht- 
CKOJbKO HHofi 4>apMt, HaabiBafl na dTOTB paai) n pbiaapa: Hebes 
le renomm6. 

06pamaeMCfl k^ xeKCxy IIojiHAopH, I.e. cxp. 48 — 63. Otomx, 
HTO noApoCHocTH BTopoMX 6paKt McjiaAyca 3A'fecb Apyria, CKa- 
3aH0 6biJ0 Bbime. 

HeyAaiHbie KOBbi NanexH paseKasaHbi B'b o6paTHOMi> nopaAKt: 
efla^ajia Kopojb xoqerb nnib hst* Ky6Ka, B'b KOTopoMX npHroxo- 
BjreHTj 6hui> flA'b (jBHiHee : HA'b HenbixaH-b iia coCaK-fe), a saxtM-b 
yate roBopnxcH ofii. oxpaBjeHia cbina Ma^exH. Caaepxb MeJiiaAyca 
nepeAaexca KopoxKO, Cea^ noApoCHOcxeH: na oxoxt ero ySHBawxi* 
Bpa«Ae6Hbie eajy pbiaapa; hxt> ABtuaAE^axb; BnocjtACXBiH TpHcxaH'b 
oxMcxHjfb HMT>, KaKT> Bbi xoMT) ycjibiuiHxe. OxT.t3A'b TpHCxaHa Kb 
re Fieramonte (aap. Feramonte, Ferraraonte) in Gaules; oa-b 
ocxaBjaexT> no cefit upaaHxejcM'b Btpnaro HCJiostKa, Apyra oxaa, 
messer Palmoano (sap. Palmiano, Palmino), Koxopoiwy nopynaexij 
nemncb o Ma^ext. Y Fieramonte (ero cxojHEta Parigi) AOHb Kpa- 
eaanua Bellices (Bxopaa yMepja), Koxopaa BBtpaexi. Govemale'io 
CBOK) j!K)6oBb Ki TpHexaHy. CjitAyexT>, KaKT> h BO *paHa. powafffe, 
npitaA'b AMopojbAa HpjiaHAenaro h opeACKaaaHie oahofo «foIIe della 
corte, lo quale era appellate RoechettOD. SnaaoA'b cb Belliees 
npeACxaBjaexT> xaKia oxiH^ia: TpaexaHT) *exxyexT> eiApyrHMH pw- 
uapHMH B'b 6oJbniOH aajt ABopaa; Belliees jiofiyexca hmi h hoahch- 
AaexT> ero B'b npoxoAt neacAy AayMa noKoaMH. KorAa TpaexaH'b eft 
He BHHMaexi>, OHa KpH«iHTb B'b xocK'fe: IIoMorH, noMora mh*, Aopo- 
roH, npenpacHbift noaejiHxejb! — paayMta — Bora JwCbh. KoPAa 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



154 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

Ha en kpekx cSisajrocb, oea roBopHTi>: IIorjiHAHTe na aroro ae- 
roAHaro MOJOAUa, He Hcejiaioiiiaro OKaaaTb MHt qecTH h noKJOHeniH 
(cortesia) h 3acTaBjiflK>iE(aro Menn cTpa^axb ao CMepTH. Bi> caent 
cyAa njieMHHHHK^ KopojiH Ha3BaHi> Brano hjh Abrano; Kopojb opeA* 
Jiaraerb TpHCTany pyKy AO^iepa, owb OTKasbiBaexcfl aa lOHocrbio: 
eMy eme naAO noyHHXbCfl pbiuapcKOMy a* jy. Bt> paacKaat o CMepxH 
Bellices ecxb ocoSeHHOCxn, coeAHHaH)ni,ia oxjiH^ie pyccKaro h 4>paH- • 
nyacKaro xeKCxoBi>: ona nocbijaexT> TpacxaHy ciKOHiornHM^ CBoero 
KOHfl, BbiJKJioKa (bracchetta) h nncbiiio, h npHTOxaa o TpocxaHt, 
6pocaexcfl Ha wewh B'b npBcyxcxBin nocjaHHaro, AaSbi ohi Mon> 
6bixb CBHAtxejieM-b ea CMepxn. Hat nacbMa, Koxopoe HBxaexT> Tpe- 
cxaHi, owb yaaaexTj, hxo wei'b Cwj'b totl caMbifl, KoxopbiMi ko- 
pojib xoxtjiT) oxpySHXb eMy rojoay. npocbCfe KOHiomaro nocxa- 
BHXb ero pbmapew^ HH^ero ne roBopnxca. 

5. TpHCxaH'b a roBopnap'b aajawxca ki KopojK) Mapny, ko- 
xopbiH He npB3HaexT> njeMaHHHKa a HtKOxopoe apcMa cnycxa. cxa- 
BHXT> ero pbmapeM^. Bo 4»paHay3CK0MT> poMaai, Koxopwa BOo6me 
H3JiaraexT> noApo6Hte, axo oficxoaxejbCXBo paacKasaao nocjrfe npa- 
fibixia nocojibCTBa oxt> Morhoult, ao paHbine, qtM'b ouo npaaaxo 
BTi ayAieHuia MapKowb: ysHaai) orb oahofo cxaparo pbmapa o AtiH 
Hocojbcxaa, Tpacxani npocHXT> onoacaxb ero MeieMi, qxo6bi eMy 
mohho Cbijro Caxbca cb Morhoult. — B'b axo apeMa aaHJacb h3t> 
wOpiaeHAaH)) Hexbipe pbiuapa ox-b AMypaxa (Morhoult) ch xpefio- 
BaHieMTj 3anymeHH0H Aana, anaqe ohh rpo3axT> CtAOio: «He ctcxa- 
nexb xyx HAAb 3eMJiB mxo6bi ne CKaatOBa» (f. XXV: il ne te donnera 
plein pied et toute Cornouaille en sera destruicte ^). Mapao ycxpa- 
fflCH^, a TpHCxaH'b Bbicxynajni BnepeA'b h aejaxi* cKa3axb AMvpaxy, 
Hxo o6bnaio npeAKoa^ ohh cjtAoaaxb ne 6yAyxT>, «a ecia Bami> 
naa'b Kopojib apj[ea^A3HCKHa xoxi^i 6bi ee m'I^xh (xo-ecxb, Aaab), 



^) Hamii TeRcn> coKpaTH:ii> B'b oaho ^BofiHoe ynoMHHaHie Morhoult bo <s>paH- 
iXj3CK0Wb poMaHi^. 3A'feci> DocatAOBaTeabHOCTb TaKan : npi'ksA'B Morhoult (ci> bbmi* 
cro TOBapHu^-b Gaheriet); Tpe6oBaHie ^aaH MctTOBaHieKopByaJibi;eBT>; TpucTaHi> 
yanaerb o tomt» h xoierb 6iiTbCH cb Morhoult; ero cTaBnrb puuapeM'b; f. XXV: 
crainsi comme ilz faisoient la feste Tristan, vecy yenir quatre chevaliers sages 
et bleu parlans de par le Morhoultn. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 155 

HexaH npbiHAeT a u;3MeTi> qepea M^m> he hojb, (1. c. ie suis toot 
prest de me combattro a lay corps a corps), a HHan ee He MOHceT 

MiXH, a W rOTOBT> IVTHATH CC MOCK) pyKOK). PeK'LJra nOCJIbl KOpOJIK) 

MapKy: Ecjih to tw MOBHm? (1. c. Et ce pour vous que ce cheua- 
lier a par 16)? H Kopojb pen: Kojh oht^ xoiexb b3ath xyio fiHTBy 
3a KopHOBajCKyio cbo6o;q^, roBopy h taw. Kor^a nocjbi AMypaxa 
saMtqaiOTb, hto oht* CyAorb SHTbca JHinb ct> qejiOBtKOMT) wBeora- 
Koro poAy» (1. c. de aussi hault lignaige), TpHcramj o6^HBJifleTT>, 

KTO OHT>. YsUSLKh Ofit 3T0MT>, «XTO CCT, KOTOpblH XyiO 6HTBy 

B3Aj'b)) (1. c. qui la bataille a emprinse) h ycjbiraaB noxBajbi ho- 
BOcraBJieHHOMy pbmapw, AMypaxa rjiyMHxcfl: atuHTi Cy^ex KaAXH 

CA, HOBblH pWUap HOByK) CMepXb XOieX B3AXH (f. XXVI: ail fut 

hier cheualier nouveau et demain luy convient essayer nouuelle 
mort))). Oht> cnoBa nocbuaexi* K'b MapKy y3Haxb o Mtcxt, Haana- 
^CHHOM'b jufl noeAHHKa; Butcxife cb ApyrHMH HAex^>^apH0x^. «HpeK 
TapHOx; M BaM^ BqwHw ApyatCy (xo-ecxb, 6yAy BarnHMi xoBapn- 
meMTj), mm xoro pbiu^apa yBnacy Koro xaK'b oajiAxi> (I. c. et Gahe- 
riet dit qu'il yra auec eulx, si verra celluy Tristan); MapK'b na- 
3HaqaexT> ocxpoB^ CaMCOH^ (I'isle Sainct Sanson, 1. c.)^), npoxHB- 
HHKH no^AyTb KaacAbiH bt> CBoeM'b cyAHt, «h KOHtA^iH 6yAex co6'fe 
MOpHapiw (1. c. ayt chascun son batel et son marinier pour luy 
gouuerner). FapHOx^ aohochxt> o6^ sxomtj Anypaxy, Koxoparo 
nbixaexcfl oxroBopnxb oxt> Cnxobi cb TpncxanoM'b: kojh xbi na- 
Aemb, «xo BejHKafl uiKOAa yB-0pjieHiA3H 6yAex, a kojh ca CMy uixo 
cxanex, BejHKara niKOAa Bcewy catxy 6yAexb)), ho AMypaxT» ne xo- 
iexT> HHqero cjbiraaxb h toxobbxch K'b Cow. MapKO h TpHcxaHT> 
CT> pbmapjiMH H Bct KopHOBajbE^bi DAyx'b Bx uepKOBb; Ha ApyroH 
Aeub, caapflAHBOiHCb K'b 6ok), TpHCxam* HAexT> «y rocxHJiHHay)) (1. c. 
au palais; bt> opHrHHaji cxoajro, BtpoaxHO, hostel, albergo), pa* 
MapKO BbixoAHXT> K'b HeMy Ha Bcxpt^y h ynpeKaexT>, sa^tw'b owb 
xaHjcfl oxT> Hero? Kojh 6bi OH'b 3Haj'b, kxo OH^b, ne Aaji 6bi eMy 



>) XaK'b H BT. Erec et Enide Chrestien'a de Troies: 
La ou Xristanz le fier Morhout 
En I'isle Saint Samson veinqni. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



156 A. H. BECEJiOBCKlfi, 

6HTbCfl, oxoTAfibi CA BCA KopHOsajb nopo6oTaja» (1. c. en servage). 
YdHaBX, HTO AMyparB ynce oepenpaBBJicfl na ocTpoBi^ TpHcraH'B 
BOopyaKaexcfl, CeperL cb coCoio aAofiporo <ppe3a» (*apHaca, I. c. 
cheval) h nepenpaBJiflexcH na joak*, KOTopyw, npHCTaBi, otdhxh- 
Baext OTT) Cepera. AiiypaTy oht> oCxecHflerb 3totb nocxynoK'b: 
«a;AHOMy 3 Hac npoH noBXH xboch jioabh, a ApyroMy xyx u)CxaxB». 
AMypaxi> yroBapHBaexT> ero noKHnyxb SaxBy, TpHCxaHi He corja- 
cenii. BnxBa HAexi caa^iajia na kohhxi> (tcApeBa nojaMajniD = 
glayues 1. c), 3ar&Mi> ntniaa; AMypaxi> HaHBHaexi> cxpamHTBCfl; 
TpHcxaat paHeHi «y cxereo KrpoxKCM raAOBHXbiM» (1. c. du fer du 
glayue Morhoult qui envenime estoit), a npoxHBHHRy paspyGHJi* 
rojiOBy AO Mosry, m acxaji emy bjiomok-b meqa b rojOBe)). /Ij)yafflHa 
nepeB03HXT> cmepxaibHO paneHaro Ha xox 6eperb, a KopHOBajbnw 
KJH^yxT> BparaMT*: «3jara BaM Aopora, ujxo BaM^ AaHb»! (1. c. allez 
vous en sans retonrnei, malle tempeste vous puisse tons noyer). 
TpncxaH-b acajyexcn na HecxepnHMyio 6ojb B'b cxernt; HHKaKia 
MasB n jitKapH He homoiuhh, ero cxpaAamn Bbi3biBaK)xi> oSn^ee 
rope : «W) TpbiinaHe noqecxHbiH h AoCpwH pbmapy, uyAaara mojio- 
AocxH, KOJi Aoporo Kynwji'b ecH CBo6oAy KopBHOBajbCKyio! (1. c.bien 
nous a faict par sa misericorde grant grace, par la proesse de 
Tristan est liuy Cornouaille deliuree de servage). Mbi wcxaBycM 
BecejH, a xbi BMnpaem wKpyxHOio-CMepxbK)! (I. c. dont les preud- 
hommes en sont moult dolens et dient: Ha, ha Tristan, com- 
ment VOUS auez cher achapte la franchise de Cornouaille! Vous 
mourrez a douleur de ce nous sommes a ayse). OAHa scenmHHa 
coBtxyerb TpHCxaHy ooHCKaxb HSjtHeHiH bx Apyrofi cxpant. aPeirb 
Tpbin^H: lA ae Mory na kohh ceAtxH a hh na HocHJHAaxi* aecxH ca» 
(f. XXVII ie ne poyrroys cheuaucher ne ie ne pourroye souffrir 
a estre porte en litiere). Ohi> npocHxi ahak>: <cHapaAH mh Ao6poe 
cyAHO H nocxaBi> mxo mh xaK noxpe6a b neHi, cxpaBbi h mrrbA h 
itAHO JierKoc BeApo, Koxopoc 6bi Morb u^ahh qoJOBeirb aojob cny- 

CKaXH, H HOKpblH MH CPO A06pbIM CyKHOMT> AJIAAOHA^ H AJABtxpy: 

xo^y CA nycxHXH no Mopw, KFAbi mh 4>opxyHa npbmecexb, anen mh 
CA FAt .Tfenap HaHAexb kxoh pane, ax Koxopoe VMHpaio.... Arojh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSTi HCTOPIH POM AHA H nOB^CTH. 157 

6yAeT cyAHO totobo, bjiokh ma b Hero h Aan mh mow apx^^y, a 
Apyryw jiiothk), a na qacb co6t ry^y, a6bi mh xyra h CojiecxH 
jeri)HaJO» (1. c. Pourvoyez moy d'ung petit vaissel a ung petit 
vaissel a ung petit voylle bien faict que ie puisse tout par moy 
monter et avaller quant ie vouldray, et sera par dessus couuert 
desoye pour Ie chault et pour la pluye et la me ferez mettre mes 
viandes dedans dont ie me pourray soustenir une piece de temps 
et si ferez mettre ma harpe, ma robbe et tous mes instrumens 
dont ie me deduyrai aucune flfois). MapKi> OTnycKaert ero co cje- 
saMH; qepe3T> ABa aha (1. c. quinze iours ou plus) w^opxyna)) npn* 
rnaja ero «b OpjieH'i»A3K) noA ^^i^ahh ropoA» (1, c: Ie chasteau de 
Hesedoc), rAt i^apcTBOBaji Kopojib JIeHBB3i>, scenaTbiH Ha cecrpt 
AMypara, HCKycnot xfeKapK*. — 4>paHa. poMani ne HaawBaerb 
SAtcb KopoJifl no HMOHH, HO AaJite eMy hmh Argius f. XXIX (to me 
btj Le nouveau Tristan 1586 r.), qxo oxBt^iaert Sjihsko namoMy 
JIeHBH3i-Anguis (I'Anguis?) KorAa TpHcxam. «6biJT> na Kpan MopA 
nepeA aaMKOM, idhi c xoro 6bWh bojimh Becej h bsaji api<i>y h 
nacxpoHJii H HonajTb erpaxH mxo Hao^AHeH Mori>». (1. c. si douce- 
ment, que nul ne I'ouyt qui voulentiers ne I'escoutast). Gjibimexi 
3X0 JleHBH3^, noAOSBaji^ KopojieBy h o6a HAyxT> kt> Cepery; KorAa 
TpHCxan-b yanajiT) oxt» hhxt>, qxo oh^ B'b HpjianAiH, ycxpamHJicfl, 
uaabiBaerb ee6fl pbiuapeMii msiy BjiHiuHoca ropoAa a dux aeMJiH 
u>6T>«i>itxoe», (1. c. : de Leonnoys pres de la cite d'Albime), Hu^y- 
mEMTj HajtHenifl oxt panbi. IXapb oCoApflexT* ero: y Hero ecxb 
AOHb, Koxopafl 3HaexT> bt* panax'b xojtki Jiy^me Bcixi jrfeKapeS, 
OHa 6yAexi> xoAHXb aa hhmt, wajih 6ora h aja abophocxh» (1. c. pour 
dieu et par piti6). TpHcxana nepeH0CHXT> B'b oAHy KOMopy, a Jlen- 
BH3'b nocbuaexTb Kh neny cbok) AOHb Hacoxy; efl aejibfl cnaiajia ne 
noMoraiOTb («BojiffleH abchxh AHen nauHa npbiKjaAaja atj[be» = 1. c: 
En celle chambre fut Tristant dix iours entiers. La damoyselle 
prenoit garde chascun iour de Iny), noKa ona ne AoraAajiacb, qxo 
pana HAOBHxan h ne ynoxpefiHjia cooxBtxcxByFontHxi) cpoACXBi. 
ToFAa BbiaAopoBjienie nomjo 6bicxpo, h TpBcxaHi> cntmHxi> ytxaxb, 
noKa ero He yanajH, KorAa HBHJHCb xpH pbmapa «u;xi> aRpyriaro 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



158 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

CTOja KopojA ApxHyma, BMeeeMi, rapHon,, KaatbiHx h BdHAeMa- 
ryjiD (*paHit. poMaHT>: Gaheriet, Keu, Baudemague), HaTypHEpij, 
KOTopbiS BbiioHKaja OAHa naHsa : «KOTopbra 6bi pbiaap 6ojimi My- 
Hcoaaj B TOMi) Typeaio, tot ee noHMeTb, a ecjH 6bi ee He xorljfb 
noHATH, H waa eiwy Maerb AaTH ^ap TaKi* mhopo, ihto kojko flfiCAVb 
pbmapoB MaiOT»^). Pbiaapn BHAflrb TpHCTana y JleHBHsa, ho ero 
He npH3Haerb Aaace Fapnorb (1. c. Gaheriet), npHxoAHBmiH Cb 
nocjiaMH AMypara: TaKi> ohi H3MtHHJiCfl orb 6oJib3Bi. Ha Bonpo<rb 
FapHOTa, ohtj nasbiBaerb ce6fl npocTO rocTeiai (1. c. estrange 
home) H conpoBO»cAaerb JIeHBH3a na TypHHpi, xoth 0TKa3biBaeTCfl 
OTT> opyacifl h kohh: owb eme cjHmKOM'b cjaCi,^). Ha nyrH ohh 
BCTp'&THJH FaBaoHa (1. c. Gauvain), njeMHHHHKa Aprypa; aa hhmi> 
isAHTb, HOCfl ero mnrb b cyjrai^y (1. c.glayue), Torb caMbifi WHaKi 
(I. c. escuyer), KOTopbifi npHBejrb TpncTany enoxowa h BbiauoKa 
orb A01KH HepoMOHTa. Ohtj ysHajn* TpHCTaea, KOTopwii npocHTb 
ero He OTKpwBaTb ero HMenH, totobi ncnojiHHTb o6tmaHie — no- 
CTaBHTb ero pbmapeMx^ h ysnaerb ott> nero, ito toti, aa Ktsu 
OHi foAHTb, FaBaoHx, newb h coo6maerL JleHBHay. BeiepoMii 
BCTpiTHJCfl HMi> pbiaapb cb qepHbiM'b niHTOM'b H AByMH MeqaMH; 
FaBaoHTj oS^HCHflerb JlenBHay, hto HocHTb Asa Meia HMterb npaBO 
jHmbTOTb, KTO OTBa»cHTCfl 6HTbCH (TbAByHH pbii^apHMH; 4T0 ecjni6i> 
ero no6iABXb pbiaapb ne aa JIoHApeuia», to ohi ofiflaaui) 6biJii 6bi 

OTfipOCHTb OAHHT> MeHl, H — XOAHTb atjblH TOA^ ficax Opy«iH 



1) f. XXYII: lis estoi^nt venus en Trlande poorce qae la dame de Glandos 
qui se voulolt marier, avoyt fait crier le toornoyement, si y estoyent ia venas lea 
barons de (f. XXVIII) maint pays, et auoit este cri6 en ploaieurs royaalmes par 
si que qui mieulx le feroit, auoit la dame en mariage s'il vouloit, et conviendroit 
que le roy d'Irlande qui tout ce ayoit fait crier pour ce que la dame estoit sa 
cousine germaine, qu'il donnast au mieulx faisant cheualier le fief de dix cheua- 
Hers pour estre a celluy toumoyement. 

2) OsTh npH^aBJiflerB: (ca koju tli Bi>cxoHem exarn, noMory sa samy JUicRy, 
a noHecHMO wpyxae, bhc HOJiostKi* ee B'i^x^eT, ioto cm eify r^'i^ npbiro;^nTi> = 
f. XXVIII: non pourtant se youb y Toulez aller, ie tous feray voulentiers com- 
pagnie et par adventure que lors porteray armes et par adventure que non feray. 

^) 06'B 3T0M'b 06'i^ii^aBiH bo ^paHiiyscKOMi* TexcTib panbrne ne roBopujiocb. 
Tenepb Koniomifi npocHTB y TpucTana «ung donx>...: nSire, vous me ferez demain 
cbeualieri). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POM AHA H DOBtCTH. 159 

«3a copoMbiD, ecjBCbi GbWb noCHTL pbiaapeui BS-b aJIoHApenia», fa^ 
auapSo^binbie pbm€pbi» 0. Ha Apyrofi Aeab, oocTaBHB'b pbiuapeMi 
lOHana IlepeMOHTa (cj. Bwme cxp. 153), TpHCxaH^ tAerb ki Mtcxy 
rypnapa «Ha wahom Sojoxe noA^ 3aMK0M» (f. XXVIII: Chasteaa 
des Landes). IIpitxajH TjAa Kopojib alaiiHmi hs Jokbho, aApTHym 
3 JoH^Apema» h Kopojib mjKh Cra pbiqapiiMH, cjiy»cHBmin «npbiH- 
wny rajHUJiy)). IlocjtAHHXT, AByxt Htxi bo *paHi^y3CK0MT) po- 
Maat, a nepBbin nasBaH^: Aguysaulx d'Escosse, h Aa^te hbjihk)- 
miSca bt, HaraeMi TeKcrfe noA^ HMeHCMi Kopojw Cro(T)cKaro. Ha 
Typanpt cxopoHy nocjitAHflro AepHcarb pbmapn Kpyrjiaro cxo^a: 
FapHOxi), IlBaHi>y cwhtj KopojH YpbiWHa, raBau;HT>*reenii, Kopojb 
BdHAeMai^yji, JI,OHAHejrb, Corpenop, EBBpenii (^paaq. poMairb: 
Messire Gauvain, messire Yvain et le filz du roy Brien, Keux 
le sehechal, Gaheriet, Garaches, Baudemagus, Dodinean le San* 
vage, Sagremor le Desre6, Guires le petit, Girflet le filz do (sic), 
f. XXVIII), HO pbmapb cb nepHbiM'i mexoMi, Koxopwa oKasbi- 
BaexcH HajiaHHAeaseM^ (Palamedes le sarrazin, f. XXIX), ox6h- 
Baexi y uEx-b no6tAy. Bhah ce6H Qo6tHAeHHbiM'b, Kopojb naAi Cxy 
pbmapflMH, juoGHBoiiH Bctwb cepAaeM-b «KpacHyK) HHcoxy» (Isenlt 
la belle, f. XXVIII), ooeHajiea5>, xonexx nonpaBHXbCfl Ha ApyroMi 
xypHEpt, KoxopoMy Ha3HaHaexi> 6bixb Hepesi* Aecaxb Anefl. A «nojio- 
MHAe» noexaji yB-0pjieHA3K) ^), roBopeHbi xox xypnaH noicxene 
HacoxHHO, a TpbimaHi> saBSCAbi m^jT) na cdpi^bi r MbicjHJi raK^ 
B xoM ApyroM xypHan Mtji) 6bi ca a hhmi pocnpaBHXH... h BcxynHj 
Bi xpaCpocx opoxHB HojiaMHAeHa (en orgneil et en bobant, f. XXIV) 
H rjieAtjii> Ha Hero 3JibiMH luquMa, nm ca eMy BHAejo, mxo wn 

HblHHXb BeiHKHH COpOM pbll^dpOITb...; H XaKl) CA CMy BBAeJO, E7R 



^) 1. c. s'il trouuoit uog meillear cheualier qae luy qai a oultrance le mist 
qui ne fast pas da royaalme de Logres, qae en feroit il? n n'en porteroit qae 
une en signifiance de sa honte. 

') Bo «paHi^3CK0Mi> TCKcrfe I. c. roBopHTCfl, HTO Kor^a IlajiaiieA'b Boanpa- 
u^ajcfl (Tb TypBHpa, Kopojb lUoTiaBACKifl %^eTh aa bbmi* c4tA0Mi>, cnpaniB- 
BaeTT> — 6jMfiTh jfl OBT. fla cj-fe^yiomeirb xypBBpife. ^ai-l^e IlaiaMeAi* BCTptHaexca 
CB Kopojein> HpjaB^i.cKMii'b, ROToputt B npHFJiamaerb ero ki> ce6t (nyB-OpieB- 
A3I0I)). Bi» pyccKoMx xeKcrfe axorb 3aH30Ai> cnyxaBi.. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



160 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

DUB xoHCT MtxH Hflcoxy H wuB. Bvo MwyCTX CO Bcero capita, h no- 
HajH CA 3 HeMi) uenpbird3HBTH H HeMHJOBaTH iie»bi co6oH> Tpbioiaifb 
B najiauHAemi)). dmoTa ub o Heui> HeAoraAbiBaerca, AoraAaiacbefl 
npBCjyacHHtia BparBHH («i>paHiiy3CKlfi poMaH%: Brangien, f. XXIX), 
cnpafflBBacTi rocnousy: Koro 6bi b3i> AByxi> ona npe^noHja, ecjra(!i 
OHB ec J106BJB? Ta OTBt«iaerb, ^to najaMBAe»(a, b6o ohi Gojibmii 
pbmapb; a ciKOJifl 6bi Haini TaK pbmap (TO-ecTb, TpBCTaHi>) Gburb 
Ao6pi> B TaKoro Bpo»(eHA, rdKi) no hcm Ga^ibiM (f. XXIX: de sa proesse 
gentil homme), tuH 6bi dbijn^ naflCojuibiB b HaBuyAHeBmbia pbmdp». 
CjOBa 3TB cjbimajiB najiaMBAeH(i> b TpBcraBi*, cBA'i^smie bT) oahoA 
KOMopfe; TpBCT^HTj BbiHieji ryjiHTb («Ha a AHO 6ojioto» = XXIX 
en ung pr6) b nonaj mmcjibtb, bhc ero mbjoct ki EI»coTe eyABJia. 
PeK caM K^ co6i: tA ne Mory npbiBTB Ha AOCKonajocr KpacHoe 
H^OTbi (I. c: qnMl ne peult avoir I'aroour dlseult), ecjB ne ui6o- 
poHK) nbixB (1. c: s'il n'abat Torgueil de Pallamedes) IlajaHBAe- 
HCOBbi, a Toro He Mory B^biHSTB 6e3 Ao6poro koha b 603 AofipoH 
36poB)>. TiMi He MOHie OH-b 0TKa3biBaeTCfl orb npeAJoaceaiH Jlea- 
BB3a noixaTb Ha sTopofi TypuEp-b b oeraeTCH AOMa neqajbHbifi. Ha 
Bonpocb BparHHB ohi roBopHTb, hto Ty«BTb noTony, hto 3a ne- 
flMiHieMi> KOHH B c6pofl He Moacerb txarb na TypHspi. no^eny »e 
He OTHpasHJicfl Tbi CT> KopojieM'b? — HtoCm MeHfl He no3HajB. TorAa 
BparBHH AaerbeMyAoCparo kohhbcGpok) 6e3i> sHaMenbH (f. XXIX: 
armes et couuertures toutes blanches) h cbobxi Asyxx GpaTbeai, 
HToCbi CMy cjiyHCflJB (1. c. Permis et Mathanael). BparflHio ohi 
npocBTb HHKOMy HHiero He roBopHTb 061 dTOWh Atjt. HaTypnapt 
noBBJienie IlajiaMBAeaca Bbi3biBaerb oGu^in OTKinj^aBin; ohT) CbeTcn, 
fl noJie ocTaercH 3a hewl; net Kpaqarb: «c qopnbiM^ nv>iTOiff h 
3 ABCMa MCHbi ApyrBH pas aoCwj TypnaAw. (1. c: tout vainquera 
le chevalier a Tescu noir, tout vainquera celluy aux deux espees). 
KorAa TpBCTan-b pacnosnaj-b ero, notxaji na Hero b Bbi3biBaerb 
Ha 608: ABa^Abi ^) CBepraeTi> ero cb kohh, roHBTb, Atjaa euy «co- 
poiTbD H AJH Toro, HToCbi oHi* HO CMtJi> ooKaabiBaTbCH na rjiasa 



^) Mexc^y nepBUMi* h BTopuin* 6oeM'i> cb JlajaMeAOici* ^paHuyscKift poMaH% 
QOiitii^terb 60ft TpucTaaa cb pfamapflMN Kpyriaro cTOja. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H flOBtCTH. 161 

HacoTt. najaMHAe»ci> y3HaeT7> ero, He 3HaH ero HMeHH, no BbisoBj: 
oPbiii^py, BepHH CA, Aa bhahmI), KOTopbin 3 eacB rOAHeHmbiH ao- 

6pOTH pbllldp'BCKOe, H KOTOpblH 3 HaCTb FOAHeHIUblH MHJIOBaTH KpaC- 
HJ'H) H»OTy». 

CeajiHBi HajraMBAeHta, TpBCxaHTj iAerb, b cjit^yerB anflsoAi* 
ero BCTp'feM t CT> A*ByuiKOB, nocjiOM-b Kopojia Ap'rayma, txaBmeio 
BCKaxb pbii^apfl, HTO «B3AJ BojiAiy cxpaatyw (La douloreuse garde, 
f. XXX); oHa bbabti> AaJite onenajieuHaro IlajaMBAeHca, KOTopbiii 
roBopBTb en o CBoeMi nopaaceHiB, b BCTptHaeTT> FaBaoHa, TaK2Ke 
BCKaBmaro noStABxejia BojiaHeft crpaacB; «a to 6bijn> Aht>uojot 
3 JIoKBeB» (f. XXX: du Lac). EMtcrfe cb TaBaoHOMX oHa tAert 
Aajite btj JIoHApeiin> (1. c. Logres). 

MemAy TkuTy TpBCTani) BepnyjiCH aomob HO«]bH) b na Bonpocb 
BparBBB, KTO oofitABJi^ Ha TypBBpt, roBopBTTj TOJibKO, 1T0 Ilaia- 
MBAeH;i> qecTB He AoCbMi., a c<rd €Cmb aokohbi CBoe BMbinueHBc 
wKi ecMB xoxtji)). KoFAa oht> Bcxajt Ha Apyroe yrpo, «6bijio CMy 
BBAene 3aTeKjio b nocBaejio u;t mhofbx BAapoB». Bci roBoparb o 
CtjoMTj pbmapt, noStAHxejrfe xypaBpa, a TpBCxaBTj <cw tom cxbi- 
ABJi CA, 60 He paA 6bi mTo6 ero no3HaJiB)) (f. XXX: y TpBcraua 
onyxjio JTHiio, b neMi roBopflTx, qu'il auoit este en feste. Et 
quant ilouyt que on disoit telles paroUes, si en auoit grant honte). 
FoBopflTb 6tjiOMT> pbmapi h Kopojb B FapHOTb B BaHA3Maryj 
nan b (A)BaHT> (nocjitAHaro HMeaB Htxi bo ^^paHE^yscKOMij poMant); 
npeADOjaraioTX, wo xo GbWb JLaHuejioxT,, ho Bparana AoraAw- 
Baexca, hxo xo 6biji^ pwaapb, Koxoparo ona BoopyHBja. Ona ox- 
KpbiaaexT) 9to JIeHBH3y, noKasbiBaexi CMy cfipoio b maxx*, Koxopbie 
npB3HaHbi 3a CbiBOiie na noStAHxejt. Kopojb BAexT> ki TpBcxany, 
acypBTT. ero (rd MaMT> na xa Hiajib = XXXI de vous ie me plains a 
vous), 3aqtMX OH'b oxt> Hero xaBJca, npocBxi> cKa3axb cBoe bma. 
TpBcxaHi co3Haexca, hto oht. fibiji'b na xypnapt, ho BMeuH CBoero 
HeroBopHXTj, BKopojb AapyexT* eMy cbow npia3Hb. olio xom (Ainsi, 
L XXXI) TpbimanoBO pbmepcxBO 6buo 3HaqH0 yB-0pjieH'bA3B, h 
6bu BejMR qecxoBan wt KopojiA b tuxo bcbx AoGpbix jioAea, h ne 
6bijio naHHbi B naaee bo BceMi> KopojeBORfb ABope, Koxoparzi 6bi 

C6<ypHKai n Otx. H. A. H. 11 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



162 A. B. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

He SbiJia paAa MHjroBaTH ero ujt scero capua, ecjiB 6bi an xorfeji'B. 
BHHMajrH, lOTO HflKoxa MH^yerb ero noxaH, ajie tuaa Mtja iihotjih- 
Boe C3pae», (1. c: fors seullement Yseult, celle n'y entend pas). 

OpaHuyscKifi reKcx'b nepecKaabiBaerb 3Aici> (f. XXXI — 
XXXII) BKpaTat 3nn30AT> o 60* TpHCxana co sMteMi, H3BtcTHbiH 
Hai* ApyrnxTj peaenaiH poMaHa^); pyccKifi TeKcrb ero He SHaerb. 

OAHawAbi, KorAa TpHCxan-b Mbucfl btj BaHHt, a Hacoxa h HHbia 
AtBymKH eiwy npncjiyHHBajiH, «ujahh HOJioBeKij, Ha hma KymbiHT> 
(bo 4>paHiiy3CK0M'b poMant 6e3^ hmchh: ung varlet parent a la 
royne, f. XXXII; He cToajo jh bt, HxajiiaHCKOM'b opHrHnaat cugino, 
ht5 Morjio 6biTb npHHHTO 3a bmh coficxBeHHoe = KyatHHij?), 00- 
AOHAH KT> nocxejiH TpHCxana, 3ajiK)6oBajiCH ero MeneMi h, B3aBT> 
ero, noHecb noKasaxb KopoJieBt. Ta 3aMixHjra Bb Hemt mepfiHHy 
(I'osche 1. c), BbiHyjia H3'b CKpbiHH (1. c. escrin) o6jomokt> Mena, 
KoxopbiH oHa e3BJieKJia h3i roJOBw 6paxa CBoero AMypaxa, h ao- 
raAa^acb, 1x0 pbmapb, CKpbiBaromifi cBoe HxMh, ecxb TpHCxam*. 
Ci MeneM-b BT) pyKi ona cntojHXT> bt> KOMnaxy, r^t oht> Mbuca, 
aanaxnyjiacb, xo'iext yfiaxb ero, o6BHHacxT, ero bi yCificxBt Cpaxa. 
aTpbimaH CKpbijfb CA y KaAb)> (1. c. et Tristan ne se remue ne ne 
fist semblant de paour); oahht> naxojroin, (escuier, 1. c.) ocxana- 
BjiaBaexi> Kopoji^sy, <ca Hmoxa noKHHyBoiH copoHi, 60 ee MHJiocxb 
TpbimaHOBa xHCHyjia, h 3ambixHja ero pyKoio bojimh MHJiocepAT>HO)) ^). 
Kopojib, npHStacaBmift Ha kphkij, roBopaxi, aceH'fe: «Thxo, (1. c. 
Taisez vous), nanH, Aaa xyio noMcxy na Mene, ra xo^y BHbiHHXH wkt> 
ecx npaBO toaho, a xo6t 6yAex hc »ajb». TpHCxani 3amHmaexcH, 
qxo on-b He npeAaxejbCKH yCejiT, Anypaxa; «Tbi ecH MepxB^» (1. c. 
vous estes raort), roBopHXT> eny Kopojb, Bejinxx* eMy oA^xbca h 
npiifAXH Kt Hewy bo ABope^^. Bet Hcajifeioxi TpHcxaHa: «Bor at, 



*) Cj. ^pameHT'B B^rouPa y Fr. Michel, Tristan I, cxp. 26; ib. II, cxp. 109.— 
Eilhart von Oberge, ed. Li ch ten stein, bt> Quellen und Forschungen Heft XIX, 
cxp. 4: Altes Gedicht, Bruchstttck III— IV, cxp. 90 (cj. Muret, 1. c, cxp. 806—307); 
Tristan und Isolde bt> Bibl. d, Htterarischen Vereins, Bd. 152, cxp. 26—40; Kol- 
bing, Die nordische Tristansage, cxp. 35—42; Sarrazin, 1. c, cxp. 263—4; Golther, 
1. c, cxp. 15. 

*) HtxT, BO <i>paBuy3CR0M'b xeKcxib. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> BCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 163^ 

Ha CB-feie HferB laKoro pbiuapa, h sejaKHH Sbi rptx a6bi aa xoro 
ero 3a6BTH, KOTopwH CA BJKe He Mome BepHyTH» (1. c: ce soit trop 
grand dommaige se si bel cheualier et si bon comme il est receuoit 
mort pour chose qui ne peult estre recouurfie). KopojeBa noAAep- 
JKHBaerb o6BHHeHie, ho KopoJib pimaeT'L oxnycTHTb TpHcxana no- 
TOMy BonepsbixT), hto c<npbiHAJi ccmh xeCe y moh aom neMoqHoro h 
6tji.Horo, AaJ ccmh xo6t SAOpone; Apyroe: Tbi eCH xaKOBi pbmcp, 
m xoCi poBHH He 3HaK> Ha CBixe^); xpexee: He apaAne ecH yOHJn* 
Moero mypbiHa AMypaxa, ySHJ ecH ero pbiii.epcKHM o6biHa€M». 
ToJbKO uycxb CKopie yAajiaexcfl HS'b ero bomjih. CaaiTi Kopojb cna- 
pflacaexT> ero, BparHna AaexT> e»iy Bt ycjryHteHie CBOHxi AByx^ 
CpaxbeB^, xaHKOMT, ox^ KopojieBw, rHiBaBmeHCfl Ha TpHCxana^), 
«a Hacoxa h HHbie A'feB'bKH roBopbun: JleneH xo ecx, mxo Tpbiman 
npocx u)x cwepxH aa u;Horo, KoxopwH ca ne Maex BepHyxH»^). 
TpHcxaHTj BoaBpamaexcfl bt> KopHOBajb. 

y Polidori, cxp. 64 — 90, paacKaai), bT) cymnocxH, xoxiace, 
HO ecxb oxjiHqia bt> noApoSHOCXHX'b h niKOxopbixi coScxBeHHbix'b 
HMenax'b h, Kau^ Boofime bt> 3xomt> xoKCxt, cxrijrb Cojifee mhofo- 
cJOBHbiH. riocBHu^eHie TpHcxana Bipbii^apH AHAen cxoaho ci>4>paH- 
i^y3CKHMi poMaHOMi; HixT> FapHOxa = Gaheriet bo BxopoAn> no- 
coJbcxBt AMopojibAa, xaKTj rjyMflmaroca naAT* TpHcxanoMT>: Sed 
egli e novello cavalierCy to novellamente lo fard morire (cjt. pyccK. 
H 4>paHu. xeKCXbi). On-b nocbuaexT> B^ Aapi* TpHCxany cboh uen-h, 
pacHHXbiBaa, ^xo ou^ 6yAexT> eny He hoa^ cHJiy h o6peMeHHXT> ero 
Bt noeAHHKt; TpHCxam, oxAapHBaexca Meqearb oxaa h BbiauoKO»n> 
4>epaMOHxoBon Aonepn, a noeAHHKy Ha3HaHaexi> 6bix& na isola 
Sanza Avventura. KaKij bo *paHi;y3CK0M'B pOMan*, owb HaneKaexi) 
npoxHBHHKy, ^T0 BHA'feJi'b ero npH ABopt <l>epaMOHxa. Panenaro btj* 
rojiOBy AMopojbAa oh^ ca^wb KjaAerb btj JiaAbw h oxxajiKHBaexT> ee 



*) 1. c: ie V0U8 laisseray viure pour deux raisons: Pane est pour la bont6 de 
cheoalerie qui est en vous, Pautre si est pource que vous avez loge en mon hostel 

H T. A. 

2)1. c: Brangienne luy bailla ses deux fr^res qui le servirent si coyement 
que nul ne s'en apperceut. 

8) Htrb BO ^paHiiyscKOM'b xeKcr*. 

11* 



Digitized by-VaOOQlC 



164 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

orb Cepera, ixoSw ero jtioah mopjih ero npHHHTb; yme hstj jiaABH 
paHBTB ero AMopojbAi) CTptjoio Biy npaBoe 6eApo. CTpa^aa orb 
paHbi, TpBCTaHT> yAaJiaexcfl bt, palagio di Riano, Ha fieperb Mopa, 
KyAa6epeTT>CB0H) ap<i»y naltri stormentida diletto. Oht. ntcKOJbKO 
pasTj roTOBT> CpocHTCfl Bi Mopo, xaK^ CHJibHbi 60JH. CHapflHceHie 
KopafiJiH Apyroe, ho ecxb ap<i»a, h TpncxaBy conyxcxByexi FoBep- 
uajb. ripHCxaioxT, ohh k^ aaMKy Languis'a, 6jih3ko oxt> ropoAa 
Londres; na nrpy h boh^ih TpHcxana BbixoABxi> Kopojb ci) qexbipbHB 
KOHioioBMn H HaxoAHxi> TpHCxaHa noHXB yMHpaiom.HM'b Ha oApt. 
Isotta la Bionda xoxqaci ate npnaHaerb paay oxpaBjienuoK); Kor^a 
Hepeai 30 Auefi SojibHofi noqxH BbisAopoBtjix, ona BejHXT> eny 
CKaKByxb, Aa6bi Hcnbixaxb, aaacBja jb pana. TpHcxaHi) cKaqexi> na 
22 *yxa, Hpana pacKpbuacb; xorAa Haoxxa CHona npHHHMaexcfl aa 
jitieHie; TpHCxani cKaqexx na 30 ^yxoBij h OKaabmaexca 3Aopo- 
BbiMi. Lo re di Scozia o6iBBJBexi> xypHHpi> npoxHBx lo re di 
Cento cavalieri; TpHcxamj HBJiflexca spaxejieMi, Galvano (FaBaoHi 
pyccK. T.) xojbKo ynoMflHyxT>, a o KOHiomeM'b Bellices, AonepH Fe- 
ramonte, cKaaano jamb xo, tto TpHCxaH'b nocxaBHJiT) ero pbma- 
peMi H Ha3Baxb ero Amadore del traportamento. EjaroAapn no- 
HBjeHiK) Palamides lo pagano, cxopona KopoJiB Cxa pbmapei no- 
6iAHJa; na He8 aaxoAHJECb h ABinaAiiaxb cxpancxByioniHxi) pbma- 
peS (HiieHi Htxi). Haoxxa opHCjiyHCflBaexi> aa.cxojfOMi) JlanrBHca, 
IlajaMBAecb b TpHcxaHi> aaciiaxpHBaioxcB na nee; orryAa hxi> 
BpaacAa. Ha Bxopofi xypHHpi Languis fiepexi) C7> co6ok> Hsoxxy, 
a Brandina CHapa»caexi> TpncraHa (armadure... con insegne 
bianche), Koxopbiff cxaaoBBxcH Ha cxopony KopojH Gra BHTnaefi, 
ocxaexca no6tAHxejejix a cpa;Kaexi> IlajiaMflAeca. dnaaoAa o At- 
Bymict, HCKaBmefi Aaaejioxa, Htxi>. BepHyBmacb, TpHCxaHi> pas- 
cnpamiBaexx JaHraica o xypnapt, a cam* ohi> xairb aaaapanaHi, 
«rro 3X0 no6y2RAaerb Kopoia oCpaxHXbca K-b aeiiy cb BonpocoM^: 
Be (Sbi JH xairb h ohi>. Eoa ci> 3MteMi> airb. MeTb TpBCxaaa opa- 
Hocrrb Kopojest BeaadBaHHbit scudiere; aa ea Kpairb aauca ko» 
pojb; OHi> H6 npoqb 6bixb 6bi ocyAixb Tpicxaaa aa cjieprb, ^TX>6bi 
yAOBiexBopixb Kopojeay, bo Bci 3T»rb Boajfymeau, ctryerb v 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 165 

Hsorra, Koxopofi AMopojibAi>, yMHpan, roBopHJi), wo TpHCiaBi 
Chjich cb uEMTy BT, HCCTHOMi 6oK). Ohe npocHTb y oxaa Aapa: ocbo- 
CoacAeHbfl TpacTaHa, h tott> OToycKaerb ero no TpeMT> upHqHHaMTb: 
nepBafl h BTopan cxoahw cb pyccKBM'B TeKCTOMi>, xpeTba — paAH 
MoeH AOiepH moTTbi. Ea Htatnee paacxaBaHie c^b TpHCTaHOMTj, 
h6o «ohh jik)6hjih Apyri Apyra BipnoH jwCoBbio)). Ha ofipaxHOM'b 
nyxH BT, Kopnyajib 6ypfl 3aH0CHn> TpHCTana bi Leonis, ta* ohx 
MCTBTb yfiifli^aM'b OTaa. 

6. TpHcxaH'b B03BpamaeTCfl bt> KopnoBajb, rjifk BcxptieH'b 
paAocTHo: «TaK raKi 6bi hmt* npbimoji Kjureup (f. XXXII: comme se 
dieu fust illec descendu); oht> pa3CKa3biBaeTT> o cbohxi noxoKAe- 
HiflX'b, Kpacorfe HacoTbi, ho xojibKO He o noCtA* naAi* IlajraMH- 
AeHcoM-b (mais il ne luy coDfipta pas comment il auoit vaincu Tas- 
semblee et comme Yseult la Bloye la plus belle damoyselle du 
monde et qui plus scauoit de cirurgie I'auoit gary, 1. c). Bbua 
TorAa BT, KopHOBajiH oAHa KpacaBHaa, «raKo UBtrb h poHja», acena 
OAHoro pbiu.apfl h3^ JoHApema (Logres, 1. c), CerypaAeaca (Segu- 
rades, f. XXXIII), 3a KOTopofi (5e3ycn'femHO yxaacHBajij MapKi. 
Efpn ero ABop* ona bhahttj TpncTaHa, h o6a bjhoSjaiotcb Apyn> 
Bi Apyra; aTpbiman-b aaCbijii Hacoxy)) (1. c. : il ne souuient plus a 
Tristan de Yseult). Ilpomaacb cb TpHcxaHOMi*, oHa oxKpbiBaexca 
eMy Bi jik>6bh (ohtj oxnt^aexi efi: «BejHKa jiacKa, naHH)> = 1. c. 
grant mercy), h BepHyBmncb «ao rocnoAbi» (1. c. manoir), nocbi- 
jiaexT* ktj Heny xjionua (1. c. nayn), qxefiij ohi bbbjch K-b nefl bi 
cynepKaxTj (1. c: quant il sera anuyt6), ho BOopyaceHHbiH, HConejio- 
B-feKij He 3Hae'rb, hxo Cb Bmwb Momevb npHKJiiOHHXbca. KopoJb bh- 
A^ji), KaKi> TpHCxaH^ roBopHJi> Cb x^onaearb (Aajte xjionei]^!) Ma- 
rymij), y Koxoparo BbinbixbiBaexi* hoatb expaxoMX CMepxH xafiny 
nopyHenia^). cc^hbho mh xboch naneH©, roBopHXT> ohi, «raKi ca 
xaKT, 6op3AO po3MHjiOBajia Tpbimana (f. XXXIII: il me toume a 



*) Marym-b roBopnrb Mapny: tcnane, « xoro ne Mory noseAaTH, wrnycxH mh, 
aie AftM-b TH 3HaTH H}K TOT TBOH cccxpeRei^'B HH CTiOAeHO, a HB TenjiO)>=l. c: n'en 
soyez iamais desirant, car ce n'appartient pas a vous, ne ce n'est chose oa vous 
doyez auoir dommage. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



166 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

grant vieult6 que la dame se est habandonn6e a Tristan), Koxopbm 
€iii,e AGTHHa, a rzi 3HaK) Jiennioro pbii^apa Bjumjua Tpbimana, a nani 
ecT BejiBKBH rdKi A caMi, KOTopbiH xoTtjii> sejiMH MHJOBaTH ee, 
vuHa CA uiTMOBBjia \x)T uevo (1. c. Tescondit). Pckij Marym: Focno- 
Aapy, He B'^Aaexe-Jb Bbi xoro, mxo nacxo ca nj^iroHaex Meacbi 
MyjKbiKOB H Hefiicx? JlpyrHH u/6epexb 006* MeHmyio h nymyio, a 
Morjia 6bi eiwy 6bix ABa Kpox jtnmafzi; xaKt a^e h neB^cxa He 
Bcxoiex Ao6poro pbmapa afio BejuKaro nana ^). H peK Kopojb: M 
caM ee aocwx (1. c. plusieurs foys) ecKaji, a ivna ca axMOBHJia kvt 
MCHe, H AJA ee rjiynocxH xoiy ee ynopbixH h aomt> ee nory6HXH». 
3HaH Kopojifl 3a ccHaiaspaAJiHBmoro HOJiOBena (1. c. moult felon), Ma* 
rym^ bxoahxtj bi ero njiaubi^): MapKT> BbitAexT> BOopyateHHbifi 
CT> 0AHHMT> uaxoiKOM-b (1. c. tout seul, HO Aajite HBJiaexca escuier) 
H c<6yAy ajAaxH opw cxyAHH (1. c. au gu6 de I'Espine) KyAbi BaMT> 
exaxH»; OH'b cpa3flXT> TpHCxana, h xorAa Marymi> uoaeAexT* ero, 
BMtcxo TpacxaHa, ki> KpacaBHut. Marymi coB*xyexT> ewy ue 
CHXbCfl c^ njieMflHHHKOMi>, HO MapKi> HacxaHBaexi>: neyacejiH aJ* 
Maewb xbi, Hxo ohi CAjbHte MeHfl? — CjitAyexT> Hoquaa Bcxptqa 
TpHCxana cb KopojeMT*, Koxoparo ohtj c6pacbiBaexT> ct> kohb h 
'hjieTb AaJbme, He npH3HaBi ero; a KOpojb xoro h 6ohxch, Hxo6'b 
ero He ysnaiH. — ^ajite bt> pyccKOMx xencxt onymeubi oitAywu^ifl 
noApoCHOCxe *paHi^y3CKaro: npii3A'b MapKa aomoh; Bpaiy, ko- 
xopbiH ^t^1iiTh ero pany, oht> He bojhx'b cKasbiBaxb, hxo pana no- 
jiyHena bi 6oh); TpHCxani bi> oC'bflxiiix'b «eHbi CerypaAeHca, Ko- 
xoparo Bi> xo BpeMH He 6buo AOMa; BepnyBmHCb h ysHaBi) o no- 
ctmeHin TpHCxana no npoBH oxt» pani, ocxaBjeHHoS hmi na noc- 
xeji, OHi> HaroHHexi> ero n paHHxi> bi> 6ok), ho h ca&ii paHeHi> h 
naAaexi cb Koun. Ha Apyroft Aeub MapKi> caparnHBaexT. TpHcxana 



^) 1. c: «poar ce ne devez voas pas blasmer ma dame, qaant vous voyez 
maintenant que ma dame ayme ung poure cheuaHer qui n^est si beau ne si vail- 
lant comme est ce sire, et ung ricbe roy qui ayme bien une poure dame qui n'est 
si vaillant comme sa femme. Amours ne cboisist pas ». 

^) <fA JieneH 6bi naneu saruHyTH hhhcju to€ bhubhth: ootobtb 6bi TpuiuaH'b 
MfaicjiBJi'b KopojiK) mTo sioro BHUBBTBM = 1. c: que sa dame fust sauv6e et si 
pourroit bien estre que a Tristan en seroit de mieulx. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA B nOB*CT0. 167 

ero 3AopoBbH; totb OTBtqaen>, hto paHeHi h HEMtpeHij oto- 
MCTBTb 3a 3T0. Owb pa3yiiitji> GerypaAeca, a MapKi> npHHEuaerB 
aTO Ha cBoe coScTBeHHwS cnerb (ff. XXXIII — XXXIIII). — Pyccicifi 
TCKCTb npoAOJiHcaerb: npa ABopt MapKa npa3AHBKi>; KorAa ohi> cb- 
Atjn> 3a CTOJiOMi> ay BeMKom> najaE^ri) ci> naaaMH h naHHaMB, abbjca 
pbmapb Ejepbi»ci>, poACTBeHHBKi> Kopojfl Baua b3i> BaHOKa (i'ay a 
nom Bliomberis du parent6 au roy Ban de Benoic, f. XXXIIII), 
B npocBTb y Mapna Aapa, btj kotopomtj totti b hc OTKasbiBaert. 
ToFAaoH'bnoAxoABrb irbHceHt CerypaAeaa «nocTaBBjn> nepeA^co- 
6oiO)> (ea kohh; cj. i. c: la mist sur le col de son destrier) ByB03Bn> 
ee. CerypaAean) roBHTCfl 3a HBM^, fibexcH, ho c6Brb Ha scmjio *). 
Bt> 3T0 BpeMH npot33KajHi ABa aeHCA'iaJbie pbmapw)), koto- 
pbie uo3AHte Ba3BaHb] /I^OHABajieH-b (<i>p. poM. Dodineaux le 
sauuage 1. c.) h CorpeMopoMi (Sagremors le desr66 1. c). 
MapKx 6bixb 6bi oneuh paAi) AOBtAarbCH orb Hflxi Bi^crefi 0611 
Apriymfe b pbmapt, Ao6biBmeMT> BojwHyio cipaacy. AyAperb 
(Andret, 1. c), Apyrofi djombbbbkii KopojiH, saBBAOBaBuiifi Tpn- 
craHy, Bbi3b]BaeTCH noi^xarb 3a hbmh h npBBecxfl BX^. IIoKa ohi> 
tAerb, HBJflerca ko ABopy A'^ByniKa, hb cb KtMij ne 3AopoBaeTCH 

H TOJbKO CMOTpBTb Ha BCtxi; pbmapH CMtlOTCfl HaA'b Cfl rjynocTbH) 

^ (1. c. en fut tenue pour foUe et nice): «niTO ca To6e u; HacT> bb- 
ABTb?i) (1. c. que vous semble il de nous?), cnpamBBaexi ee MapKO, 
a OHa Ha^iBHaerb cpajuHTb TpBCxana. aTpb]U].aHe, 3JbiB h xyAMH 
pbiuapy B CTpamJBBbiB (couard, f. XXXV) nymcB bchxi, mxo ho- 
CBui 36poio, a He Canbiuii CBoee neroAHOCXB (1. c. mauvaistie), b 
ABBJK) CA HKi) CMeemi) ttfiuoBaxB 3 jiioAMB Ao6pbiMB (1. c. preud- j 

hommes)... b kojh 6bi xa o-hb 3HajB xaKoro kocxio (1. c: congnois- ^ 

soient aussi bien ta mauuaistie), uhb 6bi ca xo6ok) copoMCJB, 60 j 

Kx/BH xo6oio3raH6eHB (1. c. empirez). A xo xofit roBopy nepeA Kopo- 

JCMTb MapKOMTj B DCpeA AOfipbIMB JIIOAMB, a ItHH HCXaB 3HaK)X XBOH) 

HcroAHOCx, a pcKjra xb ccmb na uixo-m 6bua Dpbimja». TpHcxaHi) j 



*) ^paHi\y3CKifi TCKcrb ofitncHHerb, noneuj TpucxaHi. ne OTopaBHaca bti 
noroHK) 3a Bliomberis, f. XXXIIII: poor la doubte de son oncle. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M 



168 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

uopaH£eHi> (cxajfL mwh saSbUfB ca = 1. c. esbaby) dTH HeacAaHHbiini 
ptnaMH H, BepHyBnmcb <cao rocnoAbi» (1. c. hostel) h BOopy»cHBniHCb, 
BMtcri ex FoBopHapoMi iAerb 3a yAajBBmeiocfl A*BymKoS, Bcrpt- 
qaerb AyApexa, B03BpaiAaBinarocH hsi eeyAaHHOH notsARH: ohI) 
6hijn> cGhtl CorpeMopOMi) (aAo6bijii> Mena h BAapbui ero njiaaoM no 
rojoBe» — grant coup du plat de I'esp^e, I.e.), h TpBCTaHT> mctbtb 
aa Hero, c6bbi> h CorpeMopa, h ero TOBapHma, b tAerb Aaate. 
y OAHoro axjonua)> (f. XXXV: escuyer) owb cnpaniHBaerb, He bh- 
AajiTj JIB oHi TOE AtBymRH; Torb OTBtqaerb, ^T0 BBA^Jb h ee, h 
OAHoro pwaapa ct> naHHofi (Bjepwaca cb hcchoh CerypaAeaca). 
nepeHoqeBBB'b y oahob aBAOBBUbi 3eMAUKB» (f. XXXVI: une dame) 

CblHT> KOTOpOH npB3Haj'b Bl> TpHCTaH* BOCtAHTeJIH XypHBpa Bli 

HpjraHAiH, ohT) npoAOJisaerb cboko dofohk) 3a BjiepbiHceu'b, cb ko- 

TOpblMl) 6beTCH. y3HaB'b BMH OpOTBBHBKa, EjiepblH;i> FOBOpHTb: 

aw CA To6t Aaio, MtB Tyw 6BTBy 3a AoSbixyioo (1. c: ie me rendz 
outr6 de ceste bataille et vous donne I'honneur). PtmBJiH: npe- 

AOCTaBBTb CaMOH naHHi BblGpaTb, Cly KiMl> B31> HHXl) OHa 3axo'?eTi> 

nofiATB. YnpeKHyB'b TpHCxaHa, hto ohi AonycTBjfb ee yBe3TH Apy- 
roMy pbmapio, oaa BAerb 3a BjepbiateMij, a TpBcxaH-B B03Bpa- 
n^aexcfl aomoh ^). 

y Polidori, cxp. 90 — 95, KpacaBHaa, Koropoio yBjeKaexca 
MapKi, Ha3BaHa: la donzella ebrea dell'Aigua della Spina; en 
uymi Lambergns; cxoAewb cb 4>paBi;}'3CKBM'b pombhomT) 3nB30A'b 
Tpacxairfe y »eHbi nocjtAHaro b x. a., onymeHHbiH B^ namewb 
TCKCxt. — MapK'b bcjibxtj pa36flxb maxpbi na MopcKOMi 6epery, ea 
yxtxy GapoHBM'b b AanaMi; BMtcxt c^ ApyrBMH aBJWioxca Tpn- 
cxaGTb H la donzella dell'Aigua della Spina. — TpHCxaBi> 3aAy- 
Majica npH BBAt xpexi Kanejb KpoBB oxi> yfiBxoH nxBiibi na cairy: 
xaKOBi) ufi'iTb jiBiia Haoxxbi, roBopHxx oai aba*. — Bwicxo 
Biepbisa Ha3BaH'b Brunoro; TpBCxaHi oxnpaBjaexca aa hhm'b 
BTb noroHK) no npocbCi MapKa; nocji 6oa KpacaBBiia, xoxa h ne- 
roAyexT> ea TpHCxaHa, x^mtj ho Meaie cjrfeAyexT> aa hbmtj. — Kairb 



^) Ci. nap&iJiejiH ki> aroMy soHao^y y Gaston Paris, Les romans h t. a., 1. c. 
crp. 60—66. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



113'B BCTOPIB J>OMAHA H nOB^CTB. 169 

BiAHO, HeAOCTaeTL 3nB30Aa o6i AyAperfe, CarpeMopt h Dodineaux, 
H A'feBymKi, noaopHBmeH TpBCxaHa. 

7. Pa3CKa3i> AyApera o xpaCpocTH TpBCTaea HaBOAHT'b ea 
MapKa crpaxT., eiue fiojite paacKaaij caMoro TpBCxaHa o cbobxti 
opeacHBX'B noABHraxi>^ ea KOTopbifi Bbi3Baji> ero abah. Bet ah- 
ByHxrcfl, roBopBTB: wTenepb KopHOBaji bcCob ca AOKyjb TpbimaHT> 
3AopoB'b npbi Ha<rb!»; Kopojb BTopBTb dTony, a BTafie'l^ CHymeHi h 
BaHBHaerb noMbinuHTb, KaKi 6bi eMy ynopBTb TpHCTaea., H Borb 
OBI BaAyuajicB: OABaacAf>i, KOPAa HtnoTopbie ABopaHe npBCTajra irb 
BeMy (Tb npocbfioB, iTofi'b obi aceBBJiCB, ^to TorAa b bch «KopBO- 
BajA 6ojibmefl 6bua 6bi Baacosa wr i.i^KOJiBHBbix'b cyctAT>»9 obi* 
ofipaTBJicfl K^ TpBCTaay co cjiOBaMB: Oahbt. xbi Momemb MeBa oate- 
BHTb, B HBKTO ApyroH (f. XXXVI : quaot il vous plaira ie Tauray). 
TpHcraH'b KJBBeTCfl, qxo BcnojHBTb axo, «xoxa mh na xo ropjio 
BipaxBXBo (1. c. mieulx ayme a mourir) b, npocxBpafl pyny ktjCO- 
ciAHen uepKBH (1. c. chapelle), Ao6aBBJT>: «TaKT> mb 6or bomosb h 
ero Mou, ra xoqy BqwBBXB mow moup (f. XXXVI: et iura se dieu 
luy ayst et les sainctz — f. XXXVII: qu'i[l] en fera son pouoir). 
TorAa MapKi. o6T>flBjfiexT>, hxo ero ateaoft M02KexT> 6bixb Jiemb 
«KopojeBBa opjieH'bAaBCKara npacHaA Hacoxaw (f. XXXII: Yseult la 
bloye, fiUe du roys Argius d'lrlande), b dpocbxt> TpBcxaaa caapa- 
ABXbCfl Ely nyxb. ((Tpbiman paA 6bi ca 6bijn> u)XMOBBjn> tvx xoe 
AoporB» (1. c. : se retrait voulentiers de ceste chose), bo CBfl3aB'b 
o6tn;aHieM'b, BbiCpajix «copoK iiaHAxi> MOJiOAbLt» (1. c. quarante 
cheualiers) btj cnyxHBKB; obb xaK»e aeoxoxBO tAyxn B'b aenpia- 
xejbCKyio 3eMJ!K), a roBopBapx roBopaxij TpBCxaay: «Moaceni no- 
3BaxH raKi> xe6e xbob aaako aeaaBBAflxb, a xo ojb BMbicjBXb 6ojb- 
meB AJiA XBoeB CMepxBy bbtr a-ta Hmoxbi. PeK'b Tpbimaa: MBCxpe, 
Be 6oB CA, xoxA u)B MbicjBx 340, a KOJB ra ewy Broacy b xoM'b b 
B ApyroMi, MycBXb mh Ao6po MbicjrHXB BqwaBXH (1. c: Or pouez 
vous veoir comment vostre oncle vous ayme. Ceste chose a il 
pourpens6e pour vostre mort, non pas pour la damoyselle auoir. 
Beau maistre, dist Tristan, or ne vous esmayez, se mon oncle 
me hayt, ie feray tant, se Dieu playst, que par ma bonte il me 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



170 A. H. BECE.10BCKIH, 

vouldra grant bien). Ha nyTa MopeMi agbijia ueacbi hhuh nrpa h 
KyHiDTbi mKb TO MeHChi pbiuepbi h MOJiOAbiMn jioAMH ^), a KOJiB ycno- 
MCHyjiH KyAbi HAyx, TorAbi He bm^jih idto peqw, aje Tpbiman hxt> 
Ttnibui H KJiaji TO y CMixi), h wue ca TtmbiJiH h Ay^i'ajin y Tpu- 
ii^aHOBO pbiaapcTBO h roBopbun: Mbi Cb Tpbim.auoH He npbiHMeMi> 
jexa». Bypa, AJHBinaflCfl cyTKH, wpHHecja hxt> Kh Mtcxy, c<KOTopoe 
3BaH0 floMOJTOT)) (f. XXXVII: en la grant Bretaigne a une lieue 
de Kamalot), CTOJieqHoe Micro ApTHyma Kopojia», KOTopbifi bi> to 
BpeMfl 6bUT> Bt «Kapi>A)'ejiH» (1. c. Cardueil en Galles^). Ohh bh- 
uiJH Ha 6eperi>, pasGojiH maTpbi, BbiHecJiH m,WThi h cSpoio; npot3- 
Hcaiorb ABapbiuapfl, ccKOTopbie 6bUH 3hajh ca na Aopose Hesnaio^ibi 
u;AHHT> Apyroro» (1. c: qui s'entreestoient acompaignez ne ilz ne 
se congnoissoient point encores), Mapranopi (I. c. Marganon) a 
Mmopi, 6parb AflqajiOTa (i.e.: Hector des Mares filz du roy Ban 
de Benoic de bas et frere k Lancelot du Lac). Hmop^ 6bijn> no- 
cxaBjeHi pbiuapeMi) «rdKo6bi ^lOTbipe HeAtjiH» (1. c: pas plus d'ung 
moy), a yace «noexaji <i>opTyHbi HCKaxHD (1. c. aduentures) h 6bu^ 
tttuT Aofipbix KoibAOBiw (1. c. ioustcur). OuH roBopHTT>: «To cyx 
e;sA^ajb]e pbiaapbi (1. c. aduentureux), cTorziT b xojioac, a nu>iTbi 
noKjajiB aSbiqaeu'b JonijApeniCKHMi (Bbime 1. c: la coustume de 
la grant Bretaigne), KOTopbie KoibBCK cAyx mhmo a6bi ca a hhmh 

KOUITOBaJH. H XTO 6bl HX MHHyJT> HO HOKyCBBmbl CA, TO 6bl €My 

copoMi>». Ohh naroTOBJiflioTCfl ki 6ok); oahh^ pwuapb TpHCTana, 
taAHBrnifi no seMjrfe Apxiyma, snajii 3toti oSbnafi, o hcmi h npeA- 
ynpeacAaerb TpHCTana, KOTopbifi b-l cJitAywmnx'b sa t^mtj noe- 
AHHKaxT> cCHBaeT-b oOohxtj npoTHBHHKOBi. YanaBi, tto ohtj cChtb 
pbmapeMTj H3i KopHOBajifl, H^^opl> TaKi> one^ajreu'B, hto fipocaerb 
opyacie h kohh h yAajiflercH n'feniiH. — Ha Apyroe yTpo cyAHO npn- 
CTaerb kt> Cepery, ua hcmtj Kopojib JleHBHaij; AOBtAaBmecb, qro 
ApyacHHa, CTOflBmaa TaMij, h3i KopHonajfl hhto cbHew TpncTanii 
OHi BejiHtT> cKa3aTb eMy CBoe hmh: ohi CyAerb paAii yBHAtrbCH co 



*) H-fert BO «>paHuy3CK0M'b xeKcrt. 

^j Ha Bonpoci* TpHCTana (cMopHapuu (marinicrs) OTBtnaiorL: «Mi>i ccmo 
y BOJiHKoll aeMJitii} (I. c. : en la grant Bretaigne). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 171 

MHOH). Ohh BCTptqawTCfl paAOCTHo; KopOJib roBopHTb, ^^o pacHH- 
Ttisaerb Ha noMomb TpHCTaaa, tot-b oxBtHaerb, hto cAtJiaeTi Bce 
B03MOHUoe, ccwAHO 6bi 663 Moce raHCbio (f. XXXVIII: se grant 
honte ne m'en deuoit venir). JIeHBH3T> CjiaroAapHTb («BejiHKa 
jiacKa» = Grant mercy, 1. c.) h npHHHMaeTcn pascKasbiBaxb: ea 

0AHH1> H31> TypHHpOBX, 6bIBmHXl nO On/kSJlfk TpHCraHa, ABHJIHCb 

^lexbipe pbmapfl, poACTBeHHHKH («ypo«eHbie a KpeBHbie» = 1. c. du 
parent^) «BaHa 6aHOAKaro» (1. c: du roy Ban de Benoic). Jlen- 
Ba3i> Donpocajii> hxT) ocTauoBHTbCH y nero, ho OAnwb nsiy mxiy 
ebWb y6HTT> HensBtcTHO K'feM'b, a BjaHopT> (1. c. Blaanor), ero to- 
bapHuii>, 3anoA03pHjii> bt* ySitCTBt xo3flHHa b oSbhhbji uepeji.'b 
KopojieM'b ApxiyuieMTj, Koxopbift h Bbi3Baji ero Ha cyAx* h 6oh cb 
o6BHHHxejieMT>, Tro6bi atuxBecxH CA HenpaBAe» (1. c: moy deflfendre 
de la trayson). JIeHBH3i npocexxj TpHCxana nocxoflxb 3a nero; 
TpHCxaHi roxoB-b; «yaee-ati 6yAy M-fexn Hmoxy, no mxo ccmh npbi- 
mojiv, roBopHxi oht* npo ceCn, a JIeHBB3a noCyHCAaexi o6tn;axb 
eMy npB Bctxi> HcnoiTHRXb xo, o qeM^ ohT) ero nonpocHxi>, a ero 
BMeHH He oxKpbiBaxb. — HpjiaHAabi Becejio cxoAaxca c% KopHOBajrfl- 
HaHH; «H npbi xom BecejbH npbiexajia y maxep u^AHa A'i^BKa Hoce^ibi 
tvABH n^bix xopombiB, a 6hu 6e3 hhofo Gejiera, ne xan, kslkl HHbie 
mnxbi (K c. : ung escu d'autre maniere que nul escu qui fust pie^a 
veu): Ha ueM CbiJia HanHcaua u^Ana nauH, h ujahh pbmep uajiOBaji 
nauHK), a mbixT> 6biJi pocbmenjien no cepeAHHe, h ne mofjih ero hh- 
wK'b cxHcnyxH, a tuH mwx pocntenjen GhWh uembi ycxbi BHxeBO- 
BbiMH H naHH» (1. s. : il y auoit pourtrait un cheualier et une da- 
moyselle qui s'entrebaisoient, se sembloit Tescu tout dcsioinct de 
la pointe de dessoubz jusques dessus a la boucle en hault et 
iolgnoit la ou la bouche de la dame ioignoit a la boucbe du 
cheualier). ysnaBi hmb TpHcxaua h no ero HejaHiio, A'i^BymKa 
oS'bflCHflex'b aMfijcMy m.Hxa: «y cen 3eMJiH u/ahh BHxesb xaKi bo- 
jiHKHH, Bm HaA Hero hb 6JB3K0 HH AaJicKo Hixi), a MHjyex uiAHy 
naHBK) BCJiMB BbicoKy y cen seMjB, xbk k) BnpdHMe MHJiycxb, jrentH 
HHHuiH caw ce6e, a naHH ero xaK»;e, ajie eme ca He nosHajra xe- 
jieCHC, OAHO CA uajioBajiH (1 s. : mais encore n'a eu de la dame que 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



172 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

ung seul baiser). Hs wHoe mhjocth tot mwT y^hiuewb ecT, tnKb 
ero BHABin, h ue MO»ceT ca isaAHbiM iv^biqaeM s'BCTyoHTH, AOKyj ca 

U^UH SJiyqaTb H 6yAyT MtTH CBOK) MblCJb H AOfipyK) BOJH); TOFAbl CA 
TOT mblTb 3T>CTynHT». OhE FOBOpHTb TpHCTaHy, HTO ApTiynTb 

ytjajnj Bi KapAyaJb (1. c. Cardueil), «a ivCTaBHJi KopojA KapAoca 
(f. XXXIX: le roy Karados briefz bras) h KopojiA h3 CroACH (1. c. 
le roy d'Escosse) CMOTpeTH Toe Chtbw, KOTopaA Maer 6biTH KopojK) 
uipjeHAdHCKOMy 3 EjiaHopoM». Oea caMa OTopaBJineTCH bi> KapAya^b, 
«6oTaM HaAeBajia ca suaHTH kofo HCKajia; a TaAA'&BKa 6bua wahoo 
naHCH 3 JIoKBC (1. c. la dame du Lac), KOTopaA 6bijia BejianaA 3e- 
jeHHHiia, HapoBUHua SojibineH hb»;jib BHbie BtA^Mbi (1. c. : scauoit 
de charmes et de enchantemens a merueilles), a Toro 6biJia HaB- 
Hbua CA KXiT MepjHHa npopoKa (1. c. deuin), KOTopwH mhofo snaji 
w npbiHAy^bix pe'iax (1. c: les choses a aduenir), ajie ca b tomi> 
He BM'feji'b MyApo saxoBaTH, a6bi ero He BMopbua TaA, KOTopyw 
MHJioBajii> 30 Bcero cepua, h ssipbu'b ca en Bcero, a cuna ero bmo- 
pbua pynaMH ero acbiBorb (1. c. : le mist a mort par les enchan- 
temens mesmes quMl luy auoit apprins), 3aTBopbijia y rpo6e noA'b 
3eMjieK), 3a«]apoBaBmbi TaKi), mm kjjwb ne 6hu co6ok) BOJieH (1. c: 
que oncques ne se pent mouuoir). A wt tofo bcjhko ca 310 CTaJio, 
mTO TaKaA wyApocT na^a nepcA uHyio Hceny. HTaw naHH 3 JIokbc, 
KOTopoH BaMi DOBeAaMi, BCAajia bch pt4bi (1. c. affaires), ko- 
Topbie 6bijH Meacbi KopojieBOK) BejiHBepoK) (1. c. Genievre) h Ah- 
i^aJOTOM, u)Ha xoTejra BeAaTH hxi cnpaBy (1. c. : et pource que 
elle vouloit que la royne cogneust que elle scavait bien de son 
estre, luy enuoyoit elle cest escu), aja tofo nocjaja KopojeBOH 
Tyio AtBKy H n^brr h nopynbiJia en TaKHe pt^bi, a6bi KopojieBaA 
3Haja, mTO tot q^ut, h rjcAt ja aa aero h A^^BKy t3-hc BaAepmajia 
B ce6e, naKH ca ajynbrrb 3 OHAajOTOMi, xotchm bhacth, hw cry- 

DHT ca TOFAbl mbFTb BMtcrfe. To lliCTaBMO. A WauaJIOT B TOT "laCb 

6bui> B npbiKTiHoa FajHtuTa, KOTopbiH BejMH MHJioBaj AnuajiOTa, 
BOJitjb 6bi BMepoTH, HH»JH 6bi He MtTH CFO Biy TOBapbimecTBe. 
A ecjH 6bi Ahuojiot BHep, idhi> h bch pbic^apbi chjho 6bi cfo sajio- 
Bajra, 60 He 6bijio TaK chjhoc pyKH h TaK BbicoKaFo cepaax). Gj. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HS'b HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOMCTH. 173 

<»paHi^3CKift poMaH^, 1. c: JIaHaejiorb 6bijn> «en royaulme de 
Sorelpj' savec Galehault, le seigneur des Loingtaines Ysles, lequel 
ayrna tant Lancelot qu'il en raourut en la fin. Dont ce fut grant 
dommagedesamort, car c'estoit le plus vaillant prince du monde 
et le plus eureux de terre conquerre, car celluy Galehault estoit 
filz a la belle Geande des Loingtaines Ysles». 

y3HaBT> npifeA* Bjanopa, TpHCTanx HAert kx Kopojiio, h ohh 
xoxarb nocntmHTb ktj 6oh), Kor^a CHoea HBjaexcfl xa Ateni^a, bch 
Bicje3axT>: oKasbieaexcfl, ixoyHen oxnajTb in.HX'b pbmapb Bpeyci* 
(1. c. Brehus), 3a KOxopbiM-b TpHCxan-b oxnpaejflexca B^ noroHW h 
oxHHMaexi> AoObiqy^). CjitAyexi ciiapaateHie ki noeAHHKy; Tpn- 
cxauii H JleHBH3i> oxnpaBjflioxcH bi> ^aMajorb (1. c. Kamalot); 
nieHA Eaua oGBHHflerb JlenBESdi nepeAi> AByMH kopojiamh (ocxa- 
BJieeHbiMH ApxypoMi B'b KanecxBt cyAeS), BjaHopT* KjaAexi apy- 
KaBBi]^o (1* ^' ^^^ giiige) Bi snaKi) Bbi30Ba, TpHcxaui 6epex7> ee 
(I.e.: lors tend le pan de son haulbert). MnsES'b o6oApaexT> Tpa- 
cxana, Bjiepwaci (1. c. Bliomberis) HanoMHHaexi* Bjianopy qecxb 
Hxi> poAa. 06a npoxHBHHKa HsyHjiflioxcfl CHJit h xpafipocxH Apyn> 
Apyra; cpeAH fiHXBbi ohh oxAbixaK)XT>; Bjanopi HaHHHaexT> cxpa- 
mHXbCH Tpncxaaa, HCJiaexi snaxb ero hmh, anexaH 6bix 3Hajix tux 
Hbiee pyKH ynpy, a6o Koro AoCbiBaioi). YsnaB-b, cb KtMi oht> 
HMtexT> At JO, OHT> noBecejitjn>: «W ccmh cjbixaj u^ xofi-fe BejHKyK) 
cjasy no cstxy, a ccjh ma AofiyAemij, moh 6jiH3KHe ne 6yAyx MtxH 
copoMa, ajie kojh naK Aacx 6or ra xe6e Ao6yAy, BCJiHKoe hcxh ao- 
6yAy». Boh na'iHHaexcfl cHona, ywe Bjianopi He b^ cocxohhIh 
wMe^a noATiHecxHw; KorAa yAapi Tpncxana noBajiHJi'b ero na seMJio, 
owb MoiHTi oxpyfiHXb eMy rojony: anexaH MocMy copoMy 6yAex ko- 
Hem>. TpbimaH xo BHAejrTj, h« cuht* uixBeJHKoro cepua ne xo^exb 
noAaxH CA HBOJHXbyMepexH, ejujr mobhxh: no6oxi> ecMH; aKOJiH ero 
nyn;y a He Aacx mh Me^a, Mom 6HXBa Majio noMoqna, a hh AoCbixa; 



^) EpeycB HaauBfterB ce6H: «peK Tpuu^aH: Hu no MUMcmu ecn> Epeycrb? 
tUHi* peKi>: TaRit ma jiioah soByrb)). Cji. 1. c: Ha, faict Tristan, Brehus sans 
pitie. Bo <i»paHuy3CK0irB TOKCTt TpHCTani* orcujiaerb no6tH(AeHHaro Epeyca 
KTh Gaarain. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



174 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

a Kojra ero yCxw, to 3Jie yqwHio: yCnjii TaKoea BHiesH. H nomoj 
AOKopojeei HpeKi>: nanoee, Mbi ecuo ca TaK Ghjih, t^Kh sbi cemh 
BHAejiH, ajie ii^ahh 3 Haci> ne xonex AaTH Me^a n mobhth He xone: 

no6BT eCUH, H BOJIBTb yuepeTH, HBHtJin MOBHTH TO CBOHM e3bIK0Ml>. 

A niT0-6bi TOMy 3a raHfia, mTo €My na tot qac *opTyHa He nocjy- 
HCbua? A ecjiH ca Ban bhaht, yjioHCbiTe MHp-b Me»bi HauH, a nexan 
KOpOJIb apjeHA3HCKHH SyACT BOJeH UJT noTBapbi»^). Kopo^flMTj 
3a6jaropa3cyAHJiocb «hh 6bi nepecTajra 6HTBa, aBjianop HeBHepi>, 
KOjra ecTT> na to TpbimanoBa AofipoTa h MHJOcepAbe» (f. XL, ho 
BT) Apyrosfb M'fecrfe: la courtoisie et la debonnairete); TpncTaHy 
BeJiflT^ «po3o6paTH CA)) (1. c. : or pouez oster voz armes), a Jlen- 
BH3a ocBoCowAawrb wii^t noKJieny BjanopoBa)). TpHCTan^ bjiojkhjit. 
uem^ ay noniBbi)) (1. c. fourreau), bcko^hji na kohh, cjiobho ne 
6bijn> paHeHT>. JleHBH3i 'kjifivb sa hhmT), nanepeA'b ofi'bflBHBi hmh 
CBoero 3am,HTHHKa. «A Sbuo nepBen cjibimaHO TpbIa^aHOBa pbmap- 
CTBO y jioHApemcKOM npojieBCTBe y KpajiA ApTHymoBOMi ABop'fe. 
H KOJH HOBe^aJiB KopojK) ApTHyray raK Tpbiman u)TnycTHJi CMepTb 
Bjanopy 35HBnibi ero, a u;ht> ne xoTeji CMy AaTH Me^, peK Kopojb: 
To €CTb HanSoJi'bmaA pbmapcKaA uiTyKa (1. c. une des plus gran- 
des franchises), Horo ccmh nurjifk ne BHAeji, h Becb cBtT w tomt> 
aro xoqyTb no4>ajHTH, h ho Mosce 6biTH, a6bi ne npbimojii> k BejHKon 
cjiane, kojih kdr b TbixT> jitTax, CyAy^bi mojoat*, a ywtxb noKasaTH 
TaKyK) Ao6poTb». 

Polidori, CTp. 96 — 111 : XpafipocTb TpHCTana HaBOAHTb na 
MapKa CTpaxT): coCpaBi cbohxi eapoHOBT*, oh^ b^ npHcyTCTBin 
Bctxi npeB03H0CHrb njieMHHHHKaHnpocHrb ero notxaTb Bi>IIpjaH- 

AiK) H AOCTaTb HsOTTy XHTpOCTbK) HJIH CHJIOS, TpHCTaHT> CcpeTb CT> 

co6oK) 60 WHomefi; 6ypa; Hepe3i ceMb Aaefi ohh npHCTaiorb kt> 
reame de Longres, yropo^a Cammellotto. CaMi TpHCTam* BejHrb 
BbiBicHTb mHTbi Ha maTpaxi>, qT06bi Bbi3BaTb noeAHRo^HKOBi; 
npii3HcaK)rb Lionello b Agravano; CTapbm KOpnyaJbCKiH pbmapb, 



^) Boll TpBCTaHa ci> EaaHopoM-b eoo^me pascKaaan-b cxoaho cb 4»paHay3' 
CKHifb TeKCTOMi*, HO czoj^CTBO HO CTOJib AOCiOBHoe, KaKi> Bi> Apymxi^ ^nyaoAazi* 
poMasa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSTi HCTOPin POMAHA H OOBIjCTH. 175 

nbixaBuiiHCfl vAepHjaxL TpHcrana orb 6ofl, cjihimwT'h oxt Hero 
ynpeKT> KopnyajibCKOH xpycocxB *). IToeAHHOK-b paacKasan^ KopoxKo 
(HtTT> noApofiHOCxeH, 0XBtHaH)I^Hx^ ann.ioiy o6t> flmopt); npaqHHa 
o6BHHeHifl Languis'a pa3CKa3aHa ABancAbi, cnanaja aBxopoM-b, no- 
xoMi orb jHaa o6BHHfleMaro; pbiuapb, BbiSBaBmiH Kopoja, HasBan-b 
Brunoro lo Vermiglio ^). ^-feByniKa c^ CHMBOJinqQCKHM'b mnxoM'b 
HanpaBJfljiacb K-b Apxypy, JKnaeBpt h .lanitejioxy, Koxopbix-b He 
uamjia, b6o ohh y i^xajH nello reame di Gaules a mostrare doglienza 
dello re Pellinoro, che e stato morto. TojKOBame 3M6jieMbi wMterb 
BTjBHAy Apyrifl JiHua: pbiaapn 6oji'fee xpaSparo HBtpnaro B^jiweBH, 
n-kwh Jlanaejiorb, Aajay 6ojite npeKpacHyio, qtan* JKHHCBpa; o6pa- 
maacb KiOAHOMy ms'h cbohxt> hcxotohkob^, HSB-fecxHOii naRfb KHHrfe 
di messer Varo o vero Gaddo de'Lanfranchi di Pisa, aBxop^ 
o6T>HCHflerb, qxo axo — TpHcxan'b h Haoxxa. KopojiH-cyAbn: Aga- 
lone H Allielle. Breus nocHrb KjiH^Ky Sanza Piet^, il Disamorato 
(cj. pyccK. «no mhjocxh))). nocji-fe ci^eHbi Bbiaosa Bpynopa noeAH- 
HOK'b oxjioa;eHT> na xpH ahh ; Bpynopa conpoBoacAatoxT* Astore di 
Mare, Lionello, Bordo, ofioApflex'b Briobris. CpameHHbiH TpHcxa- 
HOMT> BpyHopi npflMO npH3Haerb ceSa noOtHCAeHHbiwb; KopoJiH- 
cyAbH nnrayrb Apxypy opocxpaHHoe nncbMo o6t> hcxoa* nocAHHKa. 
8. BepHyBmHCb cb nofi-feAofi iCb CBoeS «ApyacHHt» h nojit^HB- 
mHCb orb pafli, TpHcxan^ nanoMHHaerb JlenBHsy oCiiuame hchoji- 
HHXb ero npocbCy h npocnrb pyKH Hacoxbi AJa MapKa. HpjiaHAilbi 
Cb KopHOBaibaawH CMtHWH BpaacAy na Apya^^y, Becejiflxca; «TpbimaH 
BCK) xyio Hoq npaaoBaj, a Kopo^b Majio cnaxb; h nasaBxpee Kopojib 
no3Bajn> tuAHoro MyAporo qojiOBiKa h noBCAaj CMy coht> cboh, uixo 
BHA'fejrb». CoAepacaHie cna ho cooCmaexca; wyApbifi qejiOBtKi oxco- 
BixbiBaerb Kopojio oxAaBaxb A04b sa MapKa, h6o axo rposarb eii 
etAOK), ho xorb ptmHJCH cAepacaxb AanHoe cjiobo. CxfeAyerb bos- 
Bpamenie Bctxi> bi> HpjaHAiK) h CHapflKcenie bi> nyxb Haoxxbi. 



*) Ha aTOTB dDHsOA'b HaneKaert noaxe-fee h pyccKifl xeKcrb; cz. § 8. 
^) Bi* Hameifb TeKcrl^ § 8, bi* caent noA'B hCiohbw h catxyiou^eifb 3a Ttii-b 
o6i>HCHeHiH HsoTTBi CB MapKOMi>, EjiaHop-b HaasaH'b <iorHeHHuin>)». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



176 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

Bo <^paHay3CK0M'L poMaR-fe pacnopHAOKi Apyrofi: nocjii noe- 
AHHKa TpHCTan^ HanoMHHaex'L Kopojrio o6^ hxt> yroBopt, Koxopbiii 
Ton> H noATBepacAaerb. dartMi) Bci BOSBpamaioxcfl bi HpjiaHAiio, 
FAt HXT> npHHHMawrb c^ BOCToproMTj. Kopojb paacKaabiBaen. o 
noABHrt TpHCTana, KOxopbiH xeuepb bi OoJibmoM-b nonext y HpjiaHA- 
ueBTj, qyBcxByexT> HCKymenie AoCbixb HaojibAy caMowy ceGt, ho 
cxpamnxcfl napymHXb oCimaHie, AaHHoe aha*. OeT> xpe6yexT> 
HdOJbAy Bi HieHbi MapKy, Kairb Aap'b, sapaete eNy oCtiuaHHbii; 
Kopojb AOJiro yroBapHBaexT> ero Bsaxb ee 3a cefifl, o6tmafl BMtcxt 
H HpjaBACKoe HacjitAbe. TpHCxan^ ocxaexcfl xBepA'b. Ilocjt xoro 
y«e Kopojib BHAHXT> coHi* : 6yA ro ero mm^ cdabxT) bi qyAecHOBn 
ABoput, cb BtHi^oMii Ha rojiOBt, R Bct iipeA'b HeK) npeKJioHflioxca, 
KOFAa flBHJicfl TpHCxaHTj, c6pocHjn> CT> HaojTbAbi BtHei^i, padA^Jx 
ee Ao rojia «et la menoit hors du palais, et tout le peuple voyoit 
la desloyault6 de Tristan et ne disoit mot. Mais touteffois emme- 
noit Yseult si honteuse et si dolente que nul ne la voyoit que 11 
ne dist: Dieu, quel dommage de Yseult, et le roy Marc son oncle 
en appelloit Tristan traistre et desloyab) (f. XLI). 3a oSiHCHe- 
HieMi> BHAtniR uapb o6paui.aexcfl a ung preudhomme. 

GHapRHcaH Hmoxy, HaxB ea oxo3Bajra FoBopuapa h BpaiUHio h 
BpyqHJia hmtj «*jiAuiy cpe6peHyio noJHy nHXba» (1. c: vaissel d*ar- 
gent plain d'ung merueilleux boire); orh AOJi»cHbi xpaHHXb ero h 
Aaxb HanaxbCfl Mapny h Hwox*, KorAa ohh «6yAyx na nocxejraw; 
OHH 6yAyxT> jiH)6HXbCfl AO CMepxH; a ocxaxoKT> nannxKa nycxb bm- 
jibiorb, a($o ecJiB 6bi ca xxo HHbiH xoro DHXA HanBJ, uHoro 6bi ca 
3Jia Morjio cxaxH, mm ca xo HMOHyex MWocxHoe oHxe (1. c, le boire 
amoureux). 

fl^iH cjtAyK)in.eH SBaMeHHxoH caeHbi, KaKi* jhoSobb BReaanHo 
oxBaxHJia TpHcxana h Hacoxy, a npHBeAy in extenso cooxBtx- 
cxByiomiH oxpbiBOKi> cxaponeiaxHaro poMana^). U 3Ateb oxHomeHia 
namero xeKCxa ocxaioxca xt ace, KaKia Mbi mofjh aaGjiioAaxb ao 
cHx^ nopi): OHi> cxoAeHi*, xoxa ne nesAt xoacecxBeHi c^h <frpaHay3- 



^) Ci. TorB H;e anuaoAi* no pyROQHCii BpHTaHCicaro ujzen j Estlander, 
Pieces in^dites da roman de Tristan. Helsingfors. 1866, crp. 22—24. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOMCTH. 177 

CKHiii, TOFAaKaKi) coBoaAeHifl e^Polidori orpaHH^HeaioTCH qacr- 
HOCTflMH. riyTHHKH aHaoAJH napycbi B uouiM 3 BejrHKHMi> BeceJbeMi>, 
limoTB, npbi Tpbiii^aHe, h hh idahh He MbicjiHJX 3 hhxi> raHe6Hoe 
ptHbi HB B qoMT>, ivAHO npaBO€ AoCpoe no4CTeHe. HAyiH uihb no 
Mopy, KOJB 6biJi xpeTHB AGHb, TpbimaH 3% HmoTOK) BrpajT> b 
maxbi; 6bija Ha Tpbiin.aHe 3joTorjaBOBaA HsynBi^a h maTa, a na 
H»(OTe 3ejieHoro aKcauHTy cardHi, a 6bijio to jtre BObiJH BejBKBB 
3U0fl. PeK Tpbin^aH: Tpe6a ca Ham-b nanHTH. H FoBopHap moji> b 
npHHecT) KydoKTj 3 OHoe *x4kmbi MnjiocxHoro DHxra, 3a6biBmbi ca, 
60 BKOMope 6biJo MHoro BCAKHX cy^OB, HAaii Tpbimany, aApyrHH 
Aaji> HacoTe». Kairb nannjiHCb, «no4ajiH rjCA'feTH cuAHH'b naApyroro 

H He MblCJHJH HH KX) K0M1>, TOJIKO U; C06e. H CtjIH n]K0-6bI BJIAKIDbl 

CA, TpbiH^au MbicjHJi AO H%OTbi, a HsKOxa ao nero, a KopojA 
MapKa 3anaMeTajiH. Tpbiman-b peK^: J^ahyio ca, ujxKyjb mh npw- 
mjo xo xaK npyAKO, a nepBCH mh xoro ne 6buo?... Ecjb ra MBjyio 
Iteoxy, xo He abbho: ujHa ecxb HaMHJbniara peqi> na cnexe, Jttnnioe 
6bix He Mon> HaHXB)>. V Hacoxbi HBJHioxca xaKia ate MbicjB. KorAa 
FoBopnapi) cnoxBaxHJCfl, qxo on-b cA^jaji, <«tuH ca bjiaki, h cxaji> 
i2iKi> 3a6biBi>mbi CA B noqaji> co6t CMepxB a^eAaxB, b« Tiy>iuiaHi> 
MHjyex H«oxy, a Hacoxa ero». Oht> nepeAaexT> cboh onacenia 
BparBHt, no6a CMymeHbi. «A Tpbiman HHatoxa xepneiB hcmofjib; 
peKT> TpbimaHTj Hjkoxc: YA xe6e MHjyK) h3 cepaa. CWna cu xom 
6bija BeiMB Beceja b penjia Tpbimany: YA ue MBJiyio hb u^AHoe ptqu 
na CBtxe raK^ xe6e, a hb Aan Borb hokb 6yAy acbina. BBAesbi xo 
BHCb €cx Hacoxa c hbmi u;AHoe MbicjTH, He u/xKJiaAawHB AajCB xoro, 
niJiB y KOMopy n chojiihhjih cbok) bojih); tuxxoie na BtKB ne axMe- 

HBJaCA BXMBJIOCXb BUJXXOC MflJIOCXfl MtJIB BeJBKBC Hpailbl. U Htxi> 

xoropbmapa, KOxopbiH 6bi hoahajtj xojiko MyKB aja mbjiocxb, kojiko 
TpbimaH'bw. FoBopHx-b FoBopHapT> Bparnnt: «IIIxo xb caui xom 
BBABx? Bhab MB CA, Hixo Tpbiffl^aH y3AJi DaHeHCTBO HjKOxe, ra 
ccMH Hx BBACJii yMecxe. UJna pcKja FoBopnapy: Mbi ecMO hofbSjb, 
KOJB ee HaBAcxb Kopojb MapKo ne b naneHcxBt, an HycBXb nory- 
6bxb bcbx nacb)). FoBopnapi 6epeTCfl noMoib A^jy. «A w xom 
TpbinvtHii H Hacoxa ne snajB hbhofo, mxq tuHB xo BtAawx, h ho 

t^tfopun II Ou. H. A. H. 12 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



178 

MbicjHJ TpbimaH HHqoro, tojko w Hasoxe, aHatoxa tuTpbimane... 
H TaKi> epocjia hxi> MHJiocTb, mm-b He 3HajiH t^Ki-Gbi ca Bi>3Aep- 
HcajH uiAHH unrb Apyroro». 

npeA^araeMi> napajijejibHbiH Mtcxa ^pantiydCKaro poMaaa. 

(f. XLI) A tant se departent Tristan et sa compaignie, si se 
mettent en mer et s'en vont a grant ioye. Troys iours eurent 
bon vent et au quart se iouait Tristan et Yseult aux eschetz et 
faisoit si grant chanlt que trop east Tristan soif. Si demande le 
vin a Gouueruail et a Brangien; ilz vont pour le apporter. Si 
trouuent le boire amoureux entre les autres vaisseaux d'argent 
dont il y auoit grant plante, par quoy ilz en. furent deceuz, car 
ilz ne s'en prenoient garde, Brangien print la couppe doree et 
Gouuemail verse du boire en la couppe, qui cler estoit comme 
vin, et vin estoit ce voirement, mais il y auoit avecques autres 
choses meslees. Tristan beut toute plaine la couppe et puis com- 
mande que on en donne a Yseult, et on luy donne, et Yseult 
boyt. Haa Dieu, or sont en tribulation que iamais ne leur fauldra 
iour de vie, car ilz ont beu leur destruction et leur mort. Ce 
boire leur a semble bien doulx, mais oncques doulceur ne fut si 
cherement achaptee comme ceste sera. Leurs cueurs leur chan- 
gent et leurs viaires. Si tost comme (f. XLII) ilz eurent beu, 
Tung regarde Pautre tout esbahy, car or pensent autre chose 
qu'ilz ne faisoient deuant. Tristan pense a Yseult et elle a Tri- 
stan et oublie le roy Marc. Tristan ne pense fors auoir I'amour 
Yseult et Yseult ne pense que auoir Tamour Tristan. A ce se 
accordent leurs courages qu'ily se aymerent toutes leurs vies, et 
se Tristan Tayme, ce veult elle, car a plus bel ne a meilleur ne 
pourroit mieulx s'amour auoir assise. Et se Yseult ayme Tristan, 
se veult il, car en plus belle ne pourroit auoir mys son cueur: 
il est tres beau et elle tres belle, il est gentil homme, et elle est 
extraicte de hault lignaige. Bien se peuent concorder ensemble 
par beaulte et par lignaige. Or quiere le roy Marc une autre 
royne, car ceste veult avoir Tristan et Tristan elle. Tant s'entre- 
regarderent que chascun sent la voulente I'ung de I'autre. Tri- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 179 

Stan scait bien que Yseult Tayme de tout son cueur, et Yseult 
scait bien que Tristan ne la bait pas, molt est ioyeuse de ceste 
auenture et il est tant ioyeulx qu'il dist qu'il est le plus bieneure 
chevalier, qui oncques fust quant il est ayme de la plus belle 
damoyselle qui soit au monde. Quant ilz eurent beu le boire 
amoureux, Gouuernail qui recongneut le vaissel, fut tout esbahy, 
si est si dolent qu'il vouldroit estre mort, car or scait il bien 
qu'ilz en seront en coulpe luy et Brangien. Lors appelle Bran- 
gien et luy dist qu'ilz out este deceuz par malle congnoissance. 
Comment? faict Brangien. Par ma foy nous auons donne a boire 
a Tristan et a Yseult du boire amoureux, si convient a force 
qu'ilz s'entreayment. Lors luy monstre le vaissel. Et quant 
Brangien voit que c'est verite, si dist: Mai auez exploicte, dc 
ceste chose ne peult venir si non mal. Or nous souflfrons, dist 
Gouuernail, si verrons a quelle fin ceste chose viendra. Brangien 
et Gouuernail sent en tristesse, mais ceulx qui out beu orendroit 
le boire amoureux sont en lyesse. Tristan regarde Yseult si du- 
rement qu'il ne desire fors qu'elle, et Yseult ne desire fors que 
Tristan. Tristan luy descouure son couraige et luy dist qu'il 
I'ayme plus que riens, et Yseult luy redit, que aussi fait elle. 
Que vous diray ie? Tristan voit que Yseult accorde a sa voulente 
faire et ilz sont touz deux seul a seul, qu'ilz n'ont nul destour- 
bier ne paour ne d'ung ne d'autre. II fait d'elle ce qu'il veult et 
luy telle le nom de pucelle. En tel lieu comme ie vous compte 
cheut Tristant en I'amour de Yseult, si que oncques puis nul 
iour ne s'en departist ne autre n^ayma ne autre ne congneut. Et 
par ce boire qu'il beut eust il puis tant de trauail et peines, que 
puis ne deuant ne fut cheualier qui tant souffrist de pouretez 
pour amour de femme comme Tristan fist pour I'amour d'elle. 
Gouuernail parle Brangien et luy demande qu'il luy semble de 
Tristan et de Yseult, et il luy dist qu'il luy sembloyt qu'ilz eus- 
sent eu aflfaire ensemble et que Tristan a Yseult depucelee sans 
doubte, ie les veiz gesir ensemble. Le roy Marc le honnira quant 
il ne la trouuera telle comme elle deust estre, il se (le?) fera 

12* 

uigmzed by VjOOQIC 



180 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

destruire et nous (vous?) avec qui la deussiez garder. Or ne vous 
esmayez, dist Gouuernail, puis que ainsi est, je vous en cheuiray 
bien, laissez m'en convenir, car sachez que ie feray tant que ia 
n'en serons blasmez. Dieu le vueille, dist Brangien». 

■ Bypfl aauocHTt TpHCxana kt> oAHOMy h3t> ^ojbHHXT> octpobobtj 
(les Loingtaines Ysles), «a nan hxi ecx FajiHtuT flpbrnqbini, a to 
6bijia ero aiT^bidna, HHbie 3eMJiH h nancTBa no6paj CBoen) Ao6poTH>; 
a TOFAbi 6bu Ahh.ojiot b oahoh aeMJiH, KOTopaA ca aoserb Copeu- 
J0Hci» (f. XLII: et en estoit sire Galehault le filz a la belle Geande, 
mais il n'estoit a I'heure en ce pays et estoit au royaulme de 
Soreloys auecques mon seigneur Lancelot du Lac). YsHaBi otb 
MopHapoBTj (1. c. mariniers), hto ropoA^ na tomt> ocxpoBi — Iljia- 
HCBflbiH (Aajite IIjiaqHbiH) ropoA^ (1. c. le chasteau de Plour), 
TpHCTaHT> He a;ejiajn> 6bi npHcxaBaxb kt> ueMy, h6o SHaexi ero aioS 
oSbisaH (1. c. mauuaises coustumes). Bi> axo speMfl noAopiJB ki 
6epery mecxb BoopyaceHHbixT> qejiOB-feKt, oS^flBjiaioxT. npitsaKHX'B 

CBOHMH njiHBHKaMH H BejlHXT> HAXH Bt TOpOA^. TpHCXaHX COBt- 

xyexcfl CI ApyacHHOH, copamHBaexi Haoxxy: qxo A^Jiaxb, ycxynaxb 
HJiH aamnmaxbca? Atjiai, KaKT> xoHemb, oxBtqaexi oua, h TpH- 
cxaHT> pimaexcH Ha nepBoe. Hxt> npHBCJiH bt> aqm^ ci> MHOHte- 
cxBOMt «KOMopoKi)> (1. c. a uug trop beau pre entre deux tours et 
si y auoit de molt belles chambres), ofiBeAeHHbiH xBepAOw cxtnoft, 
FA* yaee fibun Apyrie ujitHHHKH. Bet nenajbabi; Ha Apyroft achb 
TpHcxan-b ysHaexii oxt> oahofo est^ npHmeAuiMXi kt* hbmi raecxH 
pbmapefi, qxo h3i 3xoh xeMHHaw hokxo He bhxoahxx, npoBoacaa 
«B cjieaaxT) bch abh cboh, h aja xoro ca sobcx XlJianHWH ropoA.... 
aje KOJiH 6bi Hamoji ca BHxesb bcjimh BbicoKoro cepua h pbii^apcxBa 
(1. c. de tres haulte proesse et qu'il fust bon cheualier oultre 
mesure), a naHH Kpamen namoe nanee, a opbiexajpn 6bi ujfia no- 
cnojie, TO 6bi 6bjjH nan rocnoAapbi, a xbie 6b] MycHjiH noMepexH, 

KOTOpbIM Mbl CJiyHCbIJ[H». TpHCXaHl* 06paA0BaHl> dXOH) BiCTbK), Bbl- 

3biBaeTCH BbiAep^axb Hcnbrrame; pbiaapb HAerb onoBtcTHXb o6'b 
3T0Mi> BiacTHTCJifl ocxpoBa, a aBTopi o6i>HCHflerb Hairb, no^eMy 
TOTB ropoAi HaBBau'b Cbixb TIjanHbii: «6o nocxaBjeHi) ajibiiiH sa- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 181 

KOHM B TBie jera, kojb Hu/Choi> oomoji y BejHKHe KpaBHbi (en la 
grant Bretaigne, f. XLIII) npbiKasaHeM FocooAa Hamoro Hcyca 
XpwcTa H tuCpaTHJi 6biji mhohcctbo JioAy ea xpecTAHCKyio Btpy. 
A KOJB cjibimaji, bhc Tbie ^ojHfle wcTpoBbi nojHbi jiK)Ai>CTBa, 
^wcao'b nocjiaji Tan eaSoHBbix'b jiioAeH (bo 4>p. TeKcrfe BAerb c^u'b 
IocB*T>) uiCpaqaxH ki 6ory napoA, b u)6paTBJiB bcb xbie u^cxpoBbi 
KpoMA wAHoro ivcxpoBa, KOTopbiH CA soBexTj CAJpambi (isle au 
Geant). H xaMi Majio 6bijo Bflbixi> jiH)iieB, xojiko u/pambi (ib. 
pource qu'il n'y habitoit sinon geansX a nan bxi> 6hUT> cupameu, 
H wki ABBHaAaaxb cbmoB, b bcb 6bijH lDpam^bI (ib. geans). Kojb 
xpecxAHe npbiniJB b xox lucxpoB, xorAa 6biJ rocyAapi xony 
u^cxpoBy BMeaeMT) JI,aBjBxecT> (1. c. Dyaletbes), b 6biji> HttaK-b 
paeeB lUTMeAbBeAA ahkofo (I.e. une beste sauuaige) b xyrb 4vx- 
KHHyj CA ujx Hu;cB4>a Kpem,eBBra». — ^paHayacKifi poMaa^ ao- 
cKa3biBaexT> nponycKB pyccKaro: Dyaletbes, pasAOcaAOBaHBbifi npo- 
noBtAtK) IocB<i>a, oCpaxBBmaro bi> xpacxiaacxBO ero cbiHOBefi, Dpe- 
AaexT> CMepxB b bxi, b Bcfexi* ero nocjiAOBaxejefi; sa kocxbxi 
xpHcxiaHTi nocxpoeat 3xoxt> saMom* b BBeAeHi* 3 job oCbiHafi: qxo 
BCflKifi npit3»ciB pbii^apb oCasB.H'b 6mbcn Cb xobbbhom^ 3aMKa b, 
KOJB no6tAHXT> ero, oxpyfiBXb CMy roJOBy, BOABopBXbCH ea ero 
Mtcxife B xo me A'feJaxb oxBOCBxeJbao BCflKaro noearo npBraejbi^a; 
ecJB flBBxca- AaMa b saxo^exi BcxynBXb bt> cocxa3aBie b^ Kpacoxt 
Cb aceaoK) BjacxBxejfl b OKaJKexca KpacBBte ea, bcxoat* xoxt> ate; • 
He acejaiomie cocxasaxbca aa stK^ ocyacAeabi xoMBXbca kl 3aKjK)- 
HeaiB. — KorAa Brunor le pere Gallehault npaCbij-b bsi Hpjaa- 
Aia B 3aBoeBaji> dxoxi> ocxpoBi, «trouaa leans une geande la plus 
belle dame da monde qui n'auoit pas plus de douze ans. II 
geut auec la dame et I'engendra (xo-ecxb, Gallehault), qui toutes 
terres conquist et mist en sa subgection. Gelluy s'en partit du 
chasteau de Plour, car 11 n'y voulut oncques demourer quant 
il vit qu'il luy conuiendroit maintenir les mauuaises coustumes 
apres la mort de son pere et demourer illec toute sa vie en ser- 
uaige. Si luy aduint si bien qu'il fut loue et prise sur tpus prin- 
ces apres le roy Artus)). (f. XLIII). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



182 A. H. BECEJIOBCK18, 

Koriia pbiuapb jkouecb Bpynopy KopaoBajtbCKHXt BHTflst e 
AaMt, acejiaK)iiv[xi> cocTusaTbCfl ci> bbmi h ero aceaoK), ohx BejHTb 
no3BaTb ttTbixi), KOTopbie HaioTb cyAHTH H eMOTptTH». TpHcraHa 
BbinycTHJiH, CBoero HMeaH oai> He roBopHTb, Kpacora HsoTTbi bo3- 
CyacAaex'b o6mee yABBJieirie — h coauutHie oC'b yqacxH, npeACxoa- 
luefi xoBBHKt ocTpoBa. HBBBmHCb Kb uicTj noeAHHKa, Bpyeop^ a 
ero aceaa, npH bha* HaoxTbi, CMymenbi, cyAbH Ch BeJiBKHsrb njia- 
qeMi oCiHBJiaio'rb ee no6tAHTejibHHitefl bx Kpacorfe, npeAynpeatAaa, 
HTO eft Moacerb iipeACTOflxb xa me yqacxb, ecjia abbxca KpacHBii- 
maa ea. Bi cjitAywmew'b aa rkwb noeAHHKt Bpyaop-b cpaHceBT>, 
HO He xoHexi oxAatb TpHCxaay cboh mchi — ub CKasaxb: allodHx 
ecMH. PeKBpyHopi>: To 6bix^ 6biJi 3Jn>iH qojioBiKi>, K0jiH.6bix peKii 
xocBOBMii esbiKOM, mxo-6 6bijio 3 MoeK) jierKOCXK); ne a^h xoro 6or 
AO Moee CMepxB, KOxopaA ecx 6jih3ko MCHe (f. XLIV: a oultre ie 
ne me tenrois pour rien, car si ie disoye que ie fusse oultre, ie 
mentiroye. Celluy est oultre, qui par sa mauuaistie dit chose 
qui a honte luy tourne, mais celluy qui iusques a la mort se 
combat et qui en mourant garde son honneur, celluy est che- 
ualier et doist estre tenu pour preudhomme, et en telle maniere 
ie mourray, car i'ay tant souffert centre toy, qui es Ie meilleur 
cheualier que ie trouuasse, que ie sens ia mort au cueur). PeKi 
Tpbimaa: 4yem m ca ua xomi, mxo Moacemi mbiB*6bixH? Pen 
Epyaop'b: Tboh mb MeHi> hh ivAHoro npoAiy^enrd ue a&«xx>, aaca 
ecxi> Koueu Sjibsko; ccjih mh ho aepbimi, xenep me caMi>. yspbim. 
H xo pcKmbi nycxHj'b Aymy». IIo xpeCoBaniK) ofibiqaa, Tpacxaai 
eme o6a3aai oxpySaxb rojioay c<BpyaopoBBu.ti>; Offb jifkxsLevb 3xo 
cb oxapameaieMi, ao cMy roaopaxi: «He xoCt xo raafia, ajie xwm, 
Koxopbie xoxT> 3aK0H yHbiaBJ!H». TpBCxaai* ct> Hsoxok) BCxy^aK)x^ 
BO BjiaAtaie ocxpoBOM^, 3aKoa'b Koxoparo KJiaayxca 6jh)Cxb BopcAb^). 
Me«Ay xtM^ cecxpa Fajioxa (Delice), oneqajreaaaa CMepxbw oxaa 
h MaxepB,. noj!0»Hja hxt* rojiOBbi (1. c, Ie corps de son pere et Ie 



') Bo <»paHuy3CK0ii'i> poiiaB'i^ TpncTany o^tHSJifliorB, hto no aaKOHj ohi^ ne 
MOHieTb Bfaixo;^HTb M3i> savKa, r^'fe ero noutcTHjui, pa3Bt mh 6oh cb npit3»uM'B 
pbicuipeMT>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Hat HCTOPIH POMAHA B DOB^GTH. 1 83 

chef de sa mere) bi oahj <ccyAHHy)) (1. c. nef.) h oxnpaBJweTca 
HCKaTb Cpara. — CjrtAyerfc so ^paHi^yacKOMt poMart AJHHHbifi ana- 
aoAT* (f.XLV), onymeHHbifi pyccKHan>: o nitHt JlmufiJiOTB. y Mop- 
raHbi, KOTopaH ero HenaBHAHrb 3a jioSoBb ki> Heny JKnHeBpbi. 
^GH DJitHHTb £ro, noAMiHBBaerb ero Kojfbqo^ noJiy^eHHoe hmi oti> 
HCHHeapbi, ApyrHMTj, a to oxcbuaerb kt> Apxypy KaKt ofijiHqeHie 
npecTynnoft cbhsh ero meEhi cb JIaHi^ejOT0MT>: nooitAHifi 6yAT0 6bi 
ywepx H Ha CMepxHOMi oApt bo BceM^ cosudmca. PascKaaT* nocjaH- 
HOH He Bbi3Bajix AOBtpii?; pb^apn coHHiBaioxcH wh ero npaBAH- 
Bocxn B oxnpaBjiflK)xcfl na hohckh aa JlaeaejoxoM^; Bi'sHCJit hxi> 
Galehaut — FajiioxT,, cl KoxopbiMx* h Bcxptqaexcfl ero cecxpa. 

SA'i^Cb CHOBa npHMbiKaexT> pyccKaa noBtcxb : BCxptxBB^ Fa- 
jioxa, cecxpa roBopHXT> eiwy CtA*, nocxHrnieB hxtj ceMbw ort 
pyra TpHCTaaa. rajiioxT> anaexT,, hxo BBHa ho TpncxaHa, a xtx^ 
<c3Jbixi> aaKOHOBiw (1. c. mauuaise coustume), ho o6tmaexT> ox- 
MCXHXb. IIoKa OHH DotAyxT* BT> CopcBJioBCb (1. c. Sorcloys), TA* 
noxopoHflXT) xtjia oxAa h MaxepB. npB6biB'b «k tunoMy rpaAy, y 

KOXOpOMl ebUt KOpOJb B3 CxOMa BHXe3B», (<ppaHI^3CKiH poMaHT>: 

OHbiB rpaA^ — chasteau I'enchanteur, fa* le roy des cent chena- 
liers... seiournoit pour une playe 1. c), Fajioxi) paacKaawBaexi, 
KaKafl «BejBKara jierKocx HflcaJiqcx» (1. c. il m'est durement mescheu) 
c^ HBMi cxajacb, xoqexT> oabhx, ct* OAHHM-b pbiuapeMi b AByMa 
iiaxojiKaMBw (escuyers f. XLVI) oxnpaBBXbCH Ha 6oh cb TpncxaHOMi, 

a KOpOJK) BGJHX^ nOHAXB HO MOpK) CT) BOCHHOK) CHJOH (HAXb COXT> XH- 

ceHT. BOBCKa — 1. c. cinq cens que cheualiers que sergens) hoa^ IljiaH- 
HbiH ropoAt, ttxo^y CKaanxn xbie ajibie aaKOHbi». Kopojib nanpacHO 
cxapaexcH oxroBopaxb ero oxt> onacnaro 6oh Cb TpBcxanoMi *); 
DoxopoHHB^ ro^OBbi oxua h MaxepB B'b oahomx wKjAinxoptw, cnapar 



') B-b p-bHH Kopoifl opurMHaiit (= <»paHuy3CKiil TeKcrb) He 6bijri> noHHTB. 
Kopojb roBopuTL: awcTaBit Tyio 6HTBy c Tpuui.aHOM'B, a rojh ero HaHxem'b AacKOto, 
wHii, BHAeBit TaKyio tbok> ofcaAOcm, whi* cairb opuHiieT na ce6e Tyio noMcmy, a 
ecjK eu ABa 6yAeTe ea dojih, ecju ta wh He opevoHce, cothh uu rsAsyn—i. XLYI: 
queroDS icelluy mooseigneur Lancelot du LaCy car ie scay bien que si tost comme 
il scaora vostre courroux, il emprendra pour vous ceste bataille. Et s'il ne vous 
venge de Tristan, ie vueil que vous me destruisez moy et mon lignaige». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



184 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

AHBDIHCb H S3aWb cGpOK) oBeJMH A06pyK) H M'tm>, KOTOpblH 6blJI 

AH-mojiOT Aaj)>, FajioTB jomb yrpoaoft CMepxH noCyHAaerb «Mop- 
HapoBi» (1. c. mariniers) OTBeaxH ero bt> IljiaqHbm ropoAi*, r^t 
TOTHacTb ate o6T)flBjaeT'b, ^to npitxajn* CHTbce, CAepacaxb 3aK0HT> 
CTpaHbi. aATpbimaHT) 6biJi y BbimHewb saMKy (I.e. rocheauGeant) 
CO Hh;otok) h 3 FoBopnapoM h 3 BparHHeio y BeJHKOM Becejuo© 
(1. c. maine glorieuse vie). Tyx TpbimaHi He BcnoMHHaxb HH^oro, 
KDjkBO Hacoxy, a Hacoxa TpbimaHa, h roc hmtj neacxBO 6buo BejMH 
CJiaAKO H MCfflKajra raK0-6bi b 6ora (1. c. Yseult.., ne demande 
autre soulas ne autre paradis ne Tristan aussi), a ne noMenyjiH w 
KopojiM) iMapKy a hh tu KopHOBajH». Koria pwuapb npHX0AHXT> 
oCiflBHXb eMy npeACxoflmoM'b noeAHHKt, TpncxaHi ^oxoB^, Ay- 
MaexT,, ^xo xo npitxaji JIaHaeJ!OXT>; FoBopHapy npHmjia xa ace 
Mbicjib, H OHT> oxroBapHBaexTj TpHcxaHa Cnxbcn, ho xoxti paAi* «no- 
KycHXbCfl CT> HHM^)>; «AJifl CMepxH He xpe6a ch 6oaxh, B'bAaeui xbi 
caM, MHCxpe, Bat mbi saBatAw na xom» (f. XL VI car a mourir auons 
nous tous). Ohi ycnoKOHBaexT> Hatoxy ^); HO^bio npHX0AHXT» Btcxb 
HanaAeniH Kopojia «HaA Cxy BHxe3H», Koxopbie hoChjih TpHCxano- 
Bbix-b JiiOAeH, OH Mbi nepeA hhmh ho mofjih xepnexH h AajB ca ccmo 
y HX pyKH. H Mbi ecMO, naue, y hx pynax, h uuhb cyx h3 Kopie- 
JOHA (Bbioie: CopeHJOHCb — f. XLVI Sorelois), jiioah FajiHtuxa 
npbiHHbiDa». 

KorAa Ha cJifJAywmee yxpo Ha Mtcxt noeAHHKa TpHCxaHT> 
y3HaexT> ox-b Fajioxa, ct. K'feM^ om> 6yAexT> Cnxbca, ohtj B03Aaexi» 
XBBjy Bory, hxo ero npoxBBHHKOM'b 6yAexT> «Ha6ojmbiH BHxeBb urr 
CBexa», «uBtx Ao6poxaM h xpaCpijCXBOM (f. XL VII: la fleur de toute 
cheualerie), uaHOM naH» *). Btj 6HXBt o6a co3HaioxT> ofiowAHyio 
cwy; «u;hh ca o6a chjihjih yKa3yioqbi uuahh ApyroMy cboc BHxe3b- 



^) oH B TOM CTpaxy ctouih, a Fejihwt w rowh huhofo ne B-fexajin — f. XLVI: 
et s'ilz sceassent que ce fust Gallehault, ils demenassent ioye. 

*) Kt* nepenoAy: TpHCxaHT* pa^i*, hto cx hhh-b 6yAen» Catlch Faiiorb, 
oMoryHU nocTasuTH cto thcch eoMCKa ea noJH stfpouHiiiz'b ^'h cyiHi^aiiH. Konen 
mux pfbHeu nycmuA% ca wdun m dpyxoMy, Cj. f. XLVII: bien pert que il a bon 
cueur quant luy qui a plus de cent mille hommes dessoubz luy ne daigne mettre 
centre moy fors que son corps. A tant laissent courre Vung vers Vautre. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 185 

CTBO, a H»coTa KOHaa rjeAt^ia Toro, Koro MBJioeaja 6ojimx, hhhc 
caMa ce6e; Kojih tun npbiHuaji TaKOSbie yAapuM^ tuna 6bija 6jtAa 
B AaJia-6 Becb CBerb, afiw tuH6biJ3AopoB nnpocrb tux xoe 6HTBbi; 
KOJifl FajBtuT Gflji Tpbimana, TOPAbi tuu Ha KOJienax uaAaji, a 
Hacora npbiBMajia jAapabi bt> capue cbo€ h 6bMa Cjit^a, wkt, na- 
nyra, a kojih Tpbiman FaJBu^Ta 6bjt> h nojie cmj 6paj, a Haoxa 
6bua BejiMH Becejia h pyMAHa»^). — rajioxi Ha^BHaexi BSHenoraxb, 
KOPAa noKasbiBaexcfl Kopojib naAt Cxy BBxesflMH. YBHAtBT) epo, 
Fajioxt KpHqHX'b TpBCxaHyrxbi bophST), xenepb floxoMmy xefitaa 

OXUa H MaXb/ TpHCXaH3> He BtpHXT>, HX06bI ePO npOXHBHBKT> npH- 

etpHyji-b ^poxBB^ nepo k^ nyacoH noMomn, P0BopHXT>, hxo neBBHO- 
BeH-b BT> CMepxH epo poAHbixx; «a Aaio xh ck)io CnxBy aa AoSbixyio, 
H nycxH MA 3 Moew ApyacbiHOH) CBOfioAHe. 3je-M BqbniHjn), nace-Mi 
AoCbi.f Me^a npoxBB xe6e, HanpoxHBT* (Jojiniopo nana h HaCojbraopo 
BHxe3A, a xo 6op Bt, ace xopo ue mobjk) aja cxpaxy aCbix ca 6oraji 
CMepxH. H npbicxynHj, Aaj €My Meq». rajiioxT> nexojibKO npomaexT> 
eMy CBofi PH'feB, HO H npHHHMaexT> B'b npiflSHb: xbi c<BHxe3 ecH 6ojib- 
mbiH, HHHCJH ra, H Hix xo6t Apyra Ha CBexe», POBopHn> oht* h ocxa- 
HaBJHBaexi HanaAenie Kopojin naA^ Cxy bbxhsbmh, Koxopony npe- 
B03uocHXT> xpaCpocxb TpBCxaHa: boxt> ecJiH(JT> Hutxb epo ct> co6ok) 
BMtcx* Cb JIaHaejioxoM'b ! — Bet oxopaBJiHioxea BisainoKi) lUpani'b, 
PAt rajiioxT> H TpHCxaHTj Jitqaxca oxt> pani), xoPAa KaKx* jmoah ko- 

pOJfl HaAT> Cxy BHXH3flMH ^) 6bK)XCfl CT> HHXeJIHMH OCXpOBa, HCKO- 

peHflB saKOHi, KoxopbiH rb 3amBm.ajnf. OxnycKaB TpHcxana, Fa- 
Jiox^ Bbipa»aexT> eMy acejranie BHAtxb epo y ceGn: nycxb 0XBe3exT> 



^) 1. c. Tsealt n'est pas ayse, car elle voit soaaent que Galehaalt surmonte 
Tristan. Le caeur luy fault et tons lea membres et pert bien qu'elle ayme Tristan. 
Qaand elle voit que Galehault fiert sur Tristan, elle tremble toat de paour. Mais 
an dernier elle se rasseure, car elle vit que Galehault en auoit le pire. Cji. f. L 
(6HTBa TpHCTana cb IlajiaMeAoifb): Quand eUe (TO-ecTi>, Tseult) voit Palamedes 
ferir sur Tristan, si luy est bien aduis qu'elle re^oine les coups. 

^) B'b TeKcrb, OHesHAHO, no omu^R-b, Kopoib BaasaH'b Apriymeirb. Bume 
(crp. 159) B'b ouHcaHiii nepsaro Typnupa bi* HpiaaAiH, mu yx&sHjH Taxyio Hce - 
omut^Ky, o6'bflCBHBi> ee nponycKOsrb: <(Kopo;ik laHHm'b m3i» JIokbh, a ApyrHu 
KOpOJib ApTByui 3 JIoB'bj^pema, [a Tperiil Kopojb), KOTopuH ii-bi-b bi> ce^t cto 
puil3poB». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



'^1 



186 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

HeBtcxy AAA*, a sarfeMt npitAerb Kb Heny «y KopojieecTBO cape- 
jiOHCKoe© (f. XL VII: en la grant Bretaigne), «a w th oCeityK) ca 
rziK^ BHTesb, 60 ecMH ee Kopojb, Tbia naHCTBa h aeMjH Moe, mro 
ecMH 3a6paji, AHuojioxy h to6% afibix Mtji 3 BaMH ABeMa TOBapbim- 
CTBO, a Bbi CO MHOK); r^ 6bix'h Gojibmoro 6oraTecTBa He xoTeJio. 
TpHCTaHi> o6tn][aeTCH h cHjibHO onesajeHi, KorAa BCKopt nocjit 
Toro eMy npBHecjiH Btcxb CMepxH Tajioxa. IIOKa FaiioxT. dh- 
uiexT> KopojieB* BejHBept (Genievre) nacbMO, Bi KoxopoMi* coo6- 
ii;aexi> efi «noncoBaubn 3jbixi> 3aK0H0Bi>» n xpa6pocxH JlaBi^e- 
jioxa H TpHCxaHa; kxo 031* hhxi> 6ojibmiH pbiaapb — ohi> He 3Haexi> 
(f. XL VII: que en ce monde ne auoit que deux cheualiers et deux 
dames: Lancelot et Tristan, la royne Genieure et Yseult). «Kojih 
BejiHBepa xox jbcx npoqjia, 6buo en BejMH baa^ho b peKja: Mhjo 
6bi MB BHAex naHHy Uucoxy h nana Tpbiu^aua y ABope. He qjT 
6biJ0 w Ahi^ojioxo npaBAHBoe bccxb, h» b xoxi> nac 6hui> vjuui> 
3 yna cxynHj, a xaKi GhWb ABa roAa, a xo 6biJ0 xorAbi, kojh Mh- 
jHeHei^ KopojA Bana h 6euAeMaryji> npbiexajiH y ABop KopojA 
ApxHynia h Ao6biji KopojeByw BeJHBepy bt* oneua KeBHmeBOH 
cxojHHKa H noBCJ ee y JIoHApem'b)). Gjl. f. XL VII: a ce point estoit 
Lancelot du Lac liors du sens et ce fust deux ans deuant que 
Meleagantemmenast la royne Genievre quant il la conquist centre 
Eeux le seneschal, et puis alia Lancelot apres et la conquist et^ 
la ramena '). 

60 <i»paHiiy3CK0Mi> poMaH-]^ TpHCxaui> npBB03Hrb M30JbAy B'b 
Kopnyajib, h MapKi> BxafiHt hc paAT> ero npitBAy, KOxoparo HHKaKT> 
He omHAajn*. Bt> pyccKOMi xeKCxt Bct Bt paAOCXH h Becejin; na- 
cxyiiaexi 6paqHaH HO'ib, Kteoxa CMymena, npocHxi BparHHw 3a- 
HHXb ea Mtcxo na JOHet^). Bt> 6pa«iHbifi hokok HBJiaioxcii, . wpowt 
MOjioAbiXT>, FoBopHap^ H BparBHH, TpbimaHTj xyuiHxi CBtqe: xa- 
KOBi ofibiqafi BT, HpJiaHAiH, o6T>flCHBexT> ohT) Kopojiio: wkoih xoiex 



^) AjiJioaifl ua yaoai* }KHHeBpu, tzaBiaeti di> conpoBOHiAeHui Keu, Me> 
leagant'oM-b (C4. Cbrestien de Xroyes, Gonte de la Charete). 

2) Bo ♦paHoyacKOM'b TCKcrfe caMi. TpncTaHT> opocHrb GouvernairH h Bran- 
gien noMO^b AtJiy, a Gouvernail yKaabieaerb Brangien, Kan-L nocryoBTb. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Hai) HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 187 

BejHRHH aaHi> ^a nepmyio Hoqi> je^bi c naHHOio, CBtqbi yramaK)T, 
a6bi CA naHHa He CTbUHia. H Heee HaiH ee saKjeja h » ca ch 
TaKi>- u)deaaji'i>». Bi> dTO BpeMfl EparHHH aaHHJia wkcro HacoTbi, 
KOTopafl ciitBflerb ee no3He. HaApyroe yxpo MapKO CjiaroAapHTL 
TpHcrana, aKaaaj DpuBecrn bcakhc ryjifihi b flyAw h 6y6Hbi, xpyCbi, 
niaxH, Bapaa6bi, jiothh, apranbi... BHAeqbi naHHbi TaKoe secejibe, 
TaeaoBajB ropoTBHCKBB Taaea 3a Ao6poT nany Tpuu^aHyi) ^). Ohi> 
CMorpHTb Ha HsoTy, OHa Ha nero, h KpoMt FoBopaapa h BparHHH 

HBKTO He BHaJT), HTO Me»Ay HHMH CblJIO *). 

OAHaacAbi npHxoAHTb ki MapKy BHTe3b, AOHOcnrb eMy, ixo 
«MBjy€Tb TpbimaH H«OTy xejiecHbiMi yqbiHKOMw, h qro ohh 06*- 
lAajiH Apyrb Apyry cofiAXHCb «y nepByro cxopomy Hoqw y ropOAea 
3a ctHMHD. MapKO, mejiafl xomi AOB^AaxbCH, ytsHcaexi, BejitBi> 
TpHCxany ocxaxbCfl, ho xox^acb ase Bepnyjica, «ynioji y ropoAeui h 
BiaJitai) Ha taGxoHb. A xofau 6bijia Hoib uece^aa h ajia xoro ne 
Morb CKpbixH xeHK) CBoero)). Tpecxani bhahxt> ee, Aaexi nonaxb 
limork; cxaBi) nepeAi> Hen) na KOJitHB, ohi npocHxi ee oxnecxH oxi» 
Hero nr&Bi> Ropojia MapKa, KoxopoMy AonecjE 6yAxo 6bi ohi>, Tpn- 
cxaHT), jiK)6Hrb H30xy; OH-b xonexb yAajHXbCfl, wMbimjuo hobxh no 
Mopy H no cyxy». H30xa oxBtqaexT> ewy bx xomi 3Ke cxHjt h 
o6tii],aexi> y6tABXb MapKa wb HecnpaneAJiBBOCXB Hantxa. Ohh pac- 
xoABxcfl, MapKi ycnoKOHJCfl, yB^pea-b, ixo na njeMHHHBKa uaKje- 
naji> eMy pbmapb, ocKop6jeHflbiH TpacxanoM'b, KorAa xoxijix bo3- 
AepHcaxb ero orb noeAHHKa ci> Hii;opoMi> h MapranopoMi^). Ha 



^) Bo <»paHi;y3CK0ii'B TeKcri^ H:J^rB onHcaniii npaaAHecTs-b. 

^ Cjt^jKjiomjix'b fiM^Q anHsoAOB-B: o CBH^aHiH TpHCTaaa u HaojibAu qoai* 
AepeeoMb h o cu^ Hapna Htrb bo <»paHiiy3CK0M'L TexcTt, apmio nepexoAfln;eiii> 
Kb pascKaay, KaKi* Maorra aaAjMaia HSBecTu EparMHio. 04. aausoAi* uoxh Aepe- 
Bomb wb BcpciH B^rouPa (Franc. Michel, Tristan, 1. 1, cxp. 3 m cJitA), y Eilhardt*a 
V. 3381—3764; bt» oxpuBKax-b ToMaca (Fr. Michel, 1. c, t. II, cxp. 126, v. 776 h 
C4*a), bt. Tristamsaga't c. LIV—V (cxp. 68, 20—70, 4), Sir Tristram v. 2014— 
2167 H y rox4»pBM Cxpac6yprcKaro v. 14224 — 15051. 

5) Cji. Bfaime cxp. 170. B-b cJi-fe^ioiueM-b ^aJite KpaxKOMT. yooMHHaBiH jau- 
ao^a csaxoBCXB'!^ ecxb hobua noApo6HOcxM apoxuBi> npeAujiytU^o paacKaaa: 
TpHcxaBi» npucxajT> «noA aaMOKi* J(aiiojioxi> b jiOH-bApbun-bCKOii KpojeBcxBe 
BT. AepxcaHbK) KopojA AeicaryjiA {?)», KorAa bx AaiiaJioxi^ (Camalot) i;apHX'b 
Apxiym'b. ropoAi> JleHBHsa HaaBani) BUhi>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



188 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

Apyrofi AeHb Haoxa o6i>HCHfleTCH cb MyaceMt, ho Ton> roBopHTB, hto 
HastTaM^ Ha TpHcraHa ne BtpHTb n pascKasbiBaerB ei CBoi cohii: 
((Ebijo uiAHO naHCTBO boimh xopome, n na HeMi> CbiJia Bbipocja tuAHa 
poHca BejMH neKHa, a ua hch 6bun uBtrbi BejMH KpacHbi; h pobo- 
pbiJH BHTe3H: To CyAGT naHCTBO AoCpoe aja roe KpacHoe po»bi. 
H roBopbiJTb nan Toro nancTBa: IlaHCTBO mo€, aje po»ca ne moih; 

XTOKOJIBCK Ul3MeT OBtx \JUT, pOHCbl, fiyABTb €My pOHCa. H MHOFHe 

pbii^apbi npbie^KAHajiH y Toe nancTBO, h KaHCAbiH pbiaap xorLi Toro 
UBtxa u)T Toe poHCbi, h hhxto He Mor b3ath i^Btra vvt po^bi; h 
npbiraoiT> wAHH BHresb h npocxep pyny k toh poacbi h wthaxb 

M.DAHH UB'feVb UlT pOHCbl. H pCKJH lUHbie BHTeBH: To eCT AHBO, WlTb 

AOJro He MOPB HHXTO WTHATH i;BtTa wn Toe poacbi, a cecb pbmap 
CKopo npbimoj h BSAjfb ub^t ee. A tot bhtcs 6bu BejMH Becejit 
uj TOH po«bi, a K0.1H eme Cojibmen xorfejrb UBtTOB, TorAbi He Mor 
6ojinn> y^aTHTH. H b tot ^ac npo'iyTHJi ca ecMH wt cHa. HacoTa 
peKja : IlaHe, MHt ca bhaht, KOTopwH Brrea b3a.i UBiT wt Toe 
poH{bi, ero CyAeTb h poacai>. MeacAy TtMT> y nen HBHJiocb noApapt- 
Hie, He ci> yMbicjOM^ jh paacKaaaJi eS cboh cohi Kopojb MapRi> 
h He nporoBopHjacb jh emy BparHna? Ona xonerb H3BecTH ee: 
KOPAa TpHCTaHT> 6biJi BiorbiaAt, nocwjiaerb ee BT>jtcT> cofipaTb 
sejift AJfl paHi>, a AByMi> xjionaMi>, ee conpoBOHAaBmHMi, BejHn> 
y6HTb ee. KorAa npitxajH ohh «BqbiCTbieAy6p0Bbi», xjohm pasAy* 
MajHCb: ciTaA nanna mhofo nocjyHCbua nany Tpbimany y rpaAe 
BflrdHy y lUpjenAan, una ecT MyApa h xHTpa; cnoBCAaHMO Mbi to 
€H, Horo Aia noexajiH ecMO, MO»eT-JH to tuHa b^iwrhth, raKO 
CbixMo 6biJH npocTbi tuT KapROCTH H uHa u^t ciiepTH?i> Ohh 
OTKpbiBaioTCfl ei, a ona BejHTb opHBaaaTb ce6fl K^ oAHOMy Aepesy 
Ha pacnyTifl: TaMi> BcerAa mhopo JK)Tbixi> 3Bepeft, nycTb ohi paao- 
pByrb ee; «a aja Toro penja, h;r Majo Toro, iiiT06bi He 6bijn> 
BHTe3 npbi TOM AepeBy». Xionbi nocrynaiorb no ea npHKasaHiio; 
Bi 3T0 Bpena npotsacaerb «KpacHbiH najanHAeacb AHynjiHmi>», 
yBHaerb Bpanraio; BtpHO TpHCTana ntrh bi> »iBbixi>, hto Taicaa 
ynacTb ee oocTHTja, roBoparb oht>; ona npocHTb oTBaaaTb ee orb 
AepeBa n oGiacHaerb HHOCKaaaTeJbHO, qiMx ona npocrymuacb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H OOBIjCTH. 189 

nepeAT> Hsotoh: «noraja.ecMH 3t> CBoew rocnoaceio 3 u^AHoro Kpo- 
jieBCTBa y Apyroe, waa noHecjia cboh tuAHBt ABtrt, am moh jipy- 
THH uBtT, H xoABjra ecMO MopeM H cyxoM; HAyHbi no Mopy naHH Mord 
yTODHja CBOH ubI^t, a u cboh ue BTonHja, h iJUHa uocTaBHJia uoh 

OBtx, TAt 6bl MijO 6blTH ABtxy CO MtCTO, H 3a TO MH CA T0€ 3J!0 

cTajo». najiaMHAeacT> npocHTt ee nocjiyacHTb eMy, KaKT> oaa cjy- 
acHja TpHcxany; ohh tiiyrb b'b KopHOBajb, rAt ocTanaBJHBaioTCH 
ua arocnoA'i^» pbii^apcKOH; UeuiSiMJUAem'b He Be^nrb noKa CKa3biBaTb 
CBoero HMeHH h o'lenb o6paAOBaHT>, KorAa y3Hajix, sto TpHCTana 
H'ferB AOMa. Tpa npoxoatifl AtByniKH roBoparb MeacAy co6ok), mo 
MapKi Beji'fejix Bctjij pbmapnMi h AtBymKawTi coSpaxbCfl bo abo- 
peai. 3to ont 060 mh* 6yAerb cnpauiHBaxb, roBopHTb BparHBa h 
yKasbiBaerb IlajiaMHAeHcy lac^ h bpomh, KorAa hath ko ABopy. 
MapiTb o6T)flBjflerb: «Xto 6bi Mor BtAaTH raKoio CMepTbio 3rH6jia 
AtBKa EparHHA, ta Sbixi ero AapoBajix BanMbi mhofo, a iT0-6bi ee 
cnoB^AaJi »nByK), 3a idto 6bi cro pyna CATHyjia, to 6bi ca eny He 
3a6opoHHJO». najiaMHAeHci> nrpaerb ci> Kopojeu-b b'^ inaxiuaTbi na 
ycjiOBin: oKOTopbm 3 Hacx BbinrpaeT, no mxo ca cro pyna XBaTHT, 
Hexan cp6t u)3HeT». najaMHAe»(i> BbiHrpaji>; nanoMHnaeT'b KopojK) 
ero o6tniaHiflxi>; KOPAa owh noATBepAHJi hxi, IlaJiaiiHAeHci Be- 
jHTb npHBecTH BpaPHHK), ace6t npocHTi B^Aapij Hasoxy. MapKi 
BeiHTb efi CHapHHcaTbCH, hto6i> 'fexaxb ci> IlajraMHAeHceMx; ona OAt* 
Baexcfl XHXO, noA^HAan TpHcxana. DajiaMHAeHty ona roBopHXT>: 
<(BHxe3K), Kojra Meee moh ppixH AajiH 3a Kopojia MapKa KopHOBaji- 
CKoro, tuH BCJiej Mene xo6t AaxH, xbi caiwi BeAacrax, mxo ecH 
cjyacbij y Moero tuxiia xpw roAW aja Mene, He Mor'b cch mcho Bbi- 
cjyaebixH, ajie kojih ma cch Aocxaj'b xaK 6op3AO y Kopo^A MapKa, 
noAHO yB-u)HyK) i^apKOB h KjeHHM CA 6oroM, a6bi ho lucxaBHjr iuahh 
Apyroro AO CMepxH». H30xa BxoAHXTb btj i;epKOBb nepBan, «a 6biJH 
BxoH a3pT>KBH poMAUbic itcxBHiibi AOJioB cuyu^eHbi, H»(oxa nojt3Ja 
no xbix jtcxBHuaxi> ao tuKHa Bcpx'bHero, h kojh 6bua y uikhc, 
y3B0J0Kjia licxHHiQr K co6e». KoFAa BomejH) najiaMHAe3Ki> b npo* 
CHXT> ee coSaxh, oHa coBtxyerb eMy yAajHXbCH, nxofii) ne BacxajiH 
epo pbiuapH MapKa, aKoxopbie noexajiH y j(OBbi». IlajiaMHAesRx He 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



190 . A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

xoqeTt o6t> 3tomt> .cjbimaxb, a Hacoxa yace saBHA^Ja TpHCxaHa; 
y Hero Cbixb o6bnaH, Ky^a 6u hh ixaji, Bceria 3ai33Kaxb b'B 
i;epKOBb. CHOBa roBopHxi Hsoxa IlajaMrfAeacy : IIotdacaH ct> 6o- 
roMT>, BHXH3b Ha xe6fl tAexi; HtcKOJbKo pa3T> HanoMUHaei^ ona 
eny o xomi, a xoxt> oxBtqaexT>: 6yAb oahhT) BHXHSb, 6yAb Hxt xpw, 
Aecflxb, fl ees-h xe6fl ne y*Ay. «He xpbi, ne ABa, wahht* TpbioxaR 
eAexb», KpHTOXT> Hsoxa, h IlajiaMHAeHci nycKaexcA fii^aeaxb; TpH- 
cxani) He nocntjii> 3a unwb na ycxajOM'b Kont, bxoahxi* bi> nep- 
KOBb, «BHAejn> oyjiHyK) Hacoxy h poarntBaji ca BejMH, a ne xox*jrb 
AJA IlajiaMHAeHa nbixaxB^ ivaho peK: BcAAb, oaHB, na koha h eiMO 
AO KopojiA MapKa». Tyxx owb y3HaexT>, hxo caan* Mapirb oxAaax 
ee najaMHAeacy. <fA no xbixT> pe'iax noexaji wr a3Pkbh nan Tpw- 
maHTj CO H»oxoK)».... 

Bo *paHi](y3CK0MX poMaH* anH30A'b o BparHHt wfcAyex^ eeno- 
cpeACXBeHHo 3a CBaAb6oK) MapKa; H30JibAa npocxo 6oHxcfl, Hxofibi 
Brangien «ne la descouure» (f. XL VII). HHOCKasaxejbHbifi anojort 
i^BtxKt ^) pa3CKa3biBaexi> Brangien He IlajaMeAy, a (cxjonaMi>», 
Koxopbie, ^pHBfl3aB^ ee, yxoAflXT>, oocxfe Hero najaMeAT> aBjaexca 
Ha KpHKi Brangien. Cnoco6i>, KaKHMi* ohi> BbiuaHHj'b Il30JibAy y 
MapKa, hhoh: Il30jibAa Kpafine asajitexi o cnepxH Brangien, o ko- 
xopofi efi Aonecje: aelle Vouldroit auoir donn6 tout ce qu'elle a au 
monde et elle ne fust point morte)) (f. XL VIII). OAHa»Aw ona 
npot3HcaexT> mhmo KycxoB^ (broces 1. c), bt* Koxopbixi cnpflxaica 
najiaiieAi>, h ropbKo nja^exT* oSt yxpaxt Brangien; KorAa rorb 
npeAiaraexi> efi npHBecxH Kb nefi nociiAHioio, ona roBopHxi: «il 
n'est rien que ie ne vous donnasse pour auoir Brangien» (I. c). 
najaMeAi> 'kjierb bt> monacxbipb (abbaye), fa* npiioxHJHCb Bran- 
gien, npHB03HXT> ero ko ABopy, a MapK-b 3acxaBJiaexT» Il30JbAy 



^) y d.AjLrapTa h bi* toU pe^aKuin npexanii?, na KOTopyio BaMeKaerb 
Raimbaut d'Orange (y Sudre'a, 1. c, crp. 646; cji. Maret, 1. c, crp. 309) bi. ano- 
jiori^ BpaarieHU bm']^cto i^B'&TRa BBJiieTCfl copOHKa: 6yATO-6bi MaTb HsojbAU Aa^A 
eft H EpaBrieni^ nepeAi* orti^aAOM-B no copoiK-fe, ex saKasoirb AOiepn — Ba^i'l^Tb 
ee Bi> nepeyio 6paHByK)B0Hb; copoHKa Hsoilau OKasajiacb pasopBaBBofl h ncno- 
pOToft, H OBa oonpocHJia EpaarieBy ccyARTb eft cbok>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBIiCTH. 191 

HcnojHBTb ofitmaHie, jiaHHoe pbiuapio. «Don)> coctohtb — BT>ca- 
Mo8 HaojibA*, KOTopyw oropqenHBifi oapb h npHBya{AeHT> yCTynnxb 
IlajiaMejiy. TpHcraHi* ehWb bx to Bpeiaa ea oxorfe; hhkto m-b pbi- 
iiapeft He ptmaeTCH nycrnxbCH bt. noroHio aa noxHTHrejearB, KpoM-fe 
Lambegues, nepveu du roy Farien (f. XLIX), npitxaBmaro kt> 
HaojbA-fe JitHBTbca on> pairb; najraMeAT> cfipacbiBaerb ero ct> kohh, 
HO noKa 6beTCH ct> HHM-b, HaojibAa Ctrnmrh, xoqerb yxonHTbca; 
npotsacifi pbiaapb seseTh ee kt* oahoh 6afflHt, ta* paa SyAerb bt> 
6e3onacHocTH, a caM^ -feAerb npeAynpeAHTb TpHCTaaa. ysHaBTj orb 
pbiuapa, HTO HaojbAa cnpaxaHa, flajaMeAi* ySHBaerb ero h feAerb 
Ki> 6amHt; UdOJbAa KpHHHrb eMy h3i> oKHa: Jlycxb yfinpaercfl, ne 
TO BepHeTca TpHCTaHT> h 6yAerb y Hero ct> rhmtj nepeA^JKa. Bep- 
HyBfflHCb KO ABopy, TpncTaHi yanaerb oCtj ysoat Hao^bAw, BMtcrfe 
ex roBepnajeMTj tAerb cji^aom^ aa noxeTHTejieM'b, o KOTopoM^ 
yauaerb orb paHenaro Lambegues, h 6beTCfl ch IlajaMeAOM'b hoat* 
CTtnaMH aaMKa, fa^ CKpbuacb HaojibAa. Ona paamiMaeT-b hxI), 
a TpHCTaHT> BOSBpamaeTCfl ci> neio Kb Mapny; 

IlpocTpaHHOMy aoHaoAy, nawH nepecKaaaHHOMy, oTstqawrb y 
Polidori CTp. 113^ — 154. CaaTOBCTBo TpncTaua, cohx Kopojfl h 
ero oCiacHeHie, Kain> bo *paHB^yacKOM'b TeKcrfe (nacTp. 115 — 116 
noutmeHo, no naB'&CTHoS KHHrfe di messer Gaddo, HHOCKaaaTejibHoe 
TOJKOBauie BHAtaia). JioGoBHbiH HanHTOKi> xpanHTca bi udo piccolo 
bottaccino d'ariento (cji. pyccKifi TOKcrb). JlHinaee: MaTb Haorrbi, 
Lotta, BeJHrb A^a ce6a ycTpoHTb HaoSpaHceaie AO^epn, na naMHTb 
aefi. Ha naTbiH AeHb njaBaaia TpacTaHi h Haorra Hrpaiorb bi> 
maxMaTbi (ooHcaHia KOCTioHa utrb); OTHOCHTejbHo AtficTaia jio6ob- 
aaro aanHTKa npHGaBjeno: HAOHia, coSa^Ka Haorrbi, ooA^inaaBmaa 
BbMHTbie ocTaTKH HaoHTKa, HeTOJibKo HenoKHAajia HOKOPAa TpucTana 
H HaoTxy, ho h oKOjrLia Ha hxi> ppo6t, a FoBepnajb h BpanAHHa, 
TOJbKO oniyTHBi) ero aanaxi, HHKOPAa ne HaMtnajiH caoea npaaa- 
aauHOCTu ki hhm'b. Caena MencAy TpHCTanoirb h HaorroS na ko- 
paejitpaacKaaaaaaaaHe, sfeMiB'bnpeAbiAymHxiTeKCTaxT>. OcTpoBi 
aaaBaHi della Malvagia Uzanza (aap. delli Gioganti), Castello del 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



192 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

Proro (=Ploro)^); KaKi) bo ^paHoyacKOMX poMaat pa3CKa3T> o 
npoBCXoacAeuie sjioro ofibiiaa BJioHceui bi> ycTa oahofo pbii^apn H 
npeAcxaBJiflerb xt »e noApofiHOcxH (Dialantes=:Dialethes) cb Ht- 
KOTopbiMH OTJiaqiflMH : Brunoro lo Bruno, Qxea^ Galeotto, aaueceffb 
6bui> 6ypeH Ha ocTpoBT>, e combaite a messer Mago conte, nipote 
di Dialantes, che era a quel tempe sire di quest' isola, e a lui.e 
a sua dama egli taglid la testa; e appresso tagli6 la testa a un 
altro cavaliere che ci arrivo, ch'era di Gaules, e sposoe sua dama 
per la piu belia che quella di messer Mago; efi hmh Bagotta. Bo 
BpeMfl noeAHUKa Haoxra mojhtch; en uojiHTBa (HanciaTaHuafl Katrb 
cthxh) — B033BaHie K^ iHcycy XpacTj^, Atflnia Koxoparo nepe- 
CKaabiBaioxcfl bt* nopnAKt BpeMCHH. JKaxeJH o6a3biBaK)XT> TpH- 
cxana, bi CHJiy o6biHaa, ae xoJbKo oxpySaxb rojiOBy Baroxxt, eo h 
HceHHXbCH Ha H30xr6; owb roBopHxi, hxo oaa Ha3HaqeHa &!> Hceubi 
ApyroMy; xbi o6fl3aHi> 6bijii 6bi TKeHHXbCfl na neS, ecjinSx OHa 6bija 
XBoeK) AonepbK), roBopaxi ohh oMy: apoi voi apresso siete savio: 
farete quelle che ve ne piacerJiedi fare». JloHb Bpyuopa — Dalis; 
OHa BcxptqaexTj Galeotto okojio Castello delle Incantatrici {wiTb 
3nB30Aa 4»paHay3CKaro poMaaa: o Jlanuejioxt bt> njitHy y MopraHbi 
H X. n.); rojOBbi oxaa h MaxepH ohh noxopoHHjH nella badia di La- 
norio (nap. Lanerio). Boh Tajeoxxo ex TpHcxanoMi npeACxaBJiaexii 
oxjHqia: utxi) hoapoShocxh, 4xo H30xxa onpHHHMaerb yAapbi bt> 
cepAue»; ornycKan TpHcxana, Fajieoxxo He3a3biBaexx ero KT>ce6i; 
y3HaBT>, qxo oht> Besexi* H30xxy bt> JKeubi MapKy, ohi roBopaxi* 
eidy: E tanto vi dico, che se voi la menate, se in prima non sa- 
pete s'ella sente d'amore, io v' appello cavaliere Perdiventura; 
Apxypy oh^ nHmexT> o bccmi, coBepraHBmeMCfl na ocxpoB* THraH- 
xoB^, CT> HOXBa^iaMH TpHCxaHy, qxo Bnymaexi Jlaaaejoxy acejaaie 



^) Cji. CTapoHTajiaHCKifl Conto de Bruno e di Galeoto suo fillio (cj. Conti di 
antichi cavalieri, ed. Pasquale Papa, bi* Giorn.^torico della letteratura italiana, 
faac. 8, 1884, p. 216—217), stpoHTUo, nsDJieHeHHufl hst. RaRoro«HH6yAb TCKCxa 
poMana o TpHCTant : CasteUo de Plor. KaKi* u b-b pyccKOM-b TeKCT%, MaTb u cecrpa 
PaieoTTO He BasBaHu; oxnycKafl XpHcxaHa, oht» 6epeTT» ct aero cjobo, ito, 
oTBesH HaoTxy, oht* BepaeTCH kt. neMy Bt aSorlois, perchi esso volea luj e Lan- 
celocto insieme avercM. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



n31> HCTOPIH PONAHA H DOB^CTB. 193 

no3HaKOMfrrbCfl (n> hhmi>, OTnpaBHBOiHCb bi> KopnyaJb. Bo3Bpame- 
Hiell^ TpncxaHa MapK^ iieAOBOJieH'b; cjitAyerb caeHa CpaqHofl noHvi. 
Htrb OH 3nH30Aa ct> H6jiOHeH, hh CHOBHAinifl MapKa; OH-b xaKi 
qacTo 6ectAyerb ct> BpaHAHHofi o Hpasaxi h oebnanxi* HpjaHAiH, 
^ro y HaoiTbi flBJiflercfl noAOspteie npoTHBi> Hen, h oea ptmaeTca 
ee noryfiHTb. ^ajbHtfimee, KaKT> bo 4>paHay3CK0M'b xeKcrfe; ero 
Laaibegues'y oxBtqaex'b Sagris, 6e3biMeHH0My pbiaapw — Guirlan- 
dot. TpHcxaeT> oxB03axT> H3oxxy ki Myacy. 

9. Bt> iiocjtAHefi CBoefi qacxH pyccKOH xeKcxT> poMana, KaKt 
yace Sbuo 3aMtHeH0 ua&iH, paABKajbHO pacxoARTCfl nan^ ci> <&paH- 
uy3CKHMi5 xaKT> H CT> peaeH3ieH IlojHAope. Pa3HHiia omyiuaexca h 
Bi>,njaHi, H B-b uoApoCHOCXHxi). 06b]KU0BeHH0 pa3CKa3biBaexcfl, 
qxo, ocBo6oAHBT» H3oxxy oxt> IlajaMHAeca, TpHcxaex Be3exT> ee 
Kb MapKy; cjitiyioxi) xafiHbifl CBHAaniA JlK)6oBHBKOB^, noAOsptein h 
oxKpbixifl MapKa, yAajenie TpHcxasa, H3rHauie ero Biitcxt ci> 
H30xxofi H B03BpaiueHie, ^Bce axo nepenjexeoHoe a-kibiMi phaomi> 
Apymx^ npHKJiioqeHifi; HaKOHeui aceHBXbSa Tpscxana na Bxopoii 
Il3oxxi. JlH)6oBb K^ uepBofi cb 3XBMi> He yracja, paeeHbiB ciiep- 
xejbHO TpflcxaH^ yMBpaexT>, BMtcxt ci HBM'b b Haoxxa, Heiia 
MapKa. BipyccKOB ooBtcxB nopflAOKx no^xa o6paxHb)i: TpBcxani> 
xoxqacT* yAajiBexcfl Cb Hsoxxofi, ocBo6o»AeHHofi oxt> najaMBAe»a, 
B jBoib B-b caMOMi) Koaqt poMaua B03Bpaii;aexcH c^ uen) ki> My»y; 
HteHBXbCt Ha Bxopoii H3oxxt HB^ero He CKa3aH0, a xoJbKO oxyp- 
HHpi, ew C03BaHH0M'b, Ha KoxopoMT* 6bexcH H paneHTi TpBcxaH-b. 
Oht, npocHXT> MapKa npncjaxb K'b neiiy Hceny, noje«!HXb ero, mto 
xoxi> B Atjaexi). aU ue BtM, ecjB c xbix pan Bb]3AopoBeJii>, a6o 
xaK BMepi>. Iloxyjb uf neM DHcaHO». 

HtMi Bbi3BaHi ewji xaKOH pacnopaAOKTi coAepacaHia, ycxpa- 
HHBiniB atjbiH paAi> oonyjiapHtamBxi) a BHOPAa no3XBqecKBXi> pa3- 
CKa30Bi> xaaubixi) CBHAauiaxi) TpHCxana Cb HdOJbAoa b o K03Hflxi> 
MapKa — MoacHO 6bi o6i>ncHHXb oco6ok) nocxaHOBKoK 3nH30Aa o 
IlajiaMBAect. Bi* 3anaAUbJxi> xeKcxaxi>, pa3o6paHHbixi> aaMB, caaia 
ll3oxxa, HeoSAyMaHHbiifb oStiuanieM'b Aapa, Bbi3BaJia cboh yB03i>, 
MapKi> npBHyaAeHi oxnycxaxb ee, ho oncMajeH-b Heo6xoABMOCXbH); 

CCopinii-fc II Ota. J[. A. H. ^^ r^ T 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



194 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlif, 

BT> 3Toii nocTaHOBK'b jrerqe iipeACxaBHTb cefi* efl nenocpeACTBeHHoe 
BOSBpau^enie, ntifb bi> njaut pyccKaro pa3CKa3a, r^t caMi MapKi> 
npoBrpajn* Hceiiy, xoth h neaHaa xoro, h Hsoxra HMterb npaso 
CKaaaxb TpncxaHy : «He toaht mh ca exaxH hkt> Kopojio, hh^t, Me 
vjuTAaji riajiaMHAeacy*). BcjitAcxBie axoro h efl BOSBpamenie kt> Mymy 
Morjio 6biTb yAajieao; ctohjio TOJibKO o6paTHTb bt^ A^HCTBHTejibHocTb, 
4T0 BO *paHuy3CK0M^ TOKCTt flBHJiocb iipeAnojTo^eHieM'b. Cji. f. LI: 
ocbo66ahbt> MsoTTy, TpHcxaH^ roBopHx^ efi : Dame, vous scavez 
bicn que nous ne pouons departir Tung de Tautre; se le roy Marc 
le scait, il nous fera honnir, si conseilleroye que nous nous en 
amissions en I'hosteldu roy Artus ou en autre lieu. La ne aurons 
nous garde de luy si userons nostre vie en ioye. Ho Haoxra ot- 
BepraexT. 3xoxt> njaub; bt> pyccKOM'b xencxt oht> eft npHnaAJieacHXT> 
H npHBOAHXca bi HcnojiHenie: ohh tiiyx'b kt> Apx\T)y, KaKij npeiiJra- 
rajii TpHCxauTj bo *paHay3CK0MT> poMant, TpHcxam, Mtpnexca 
xpafipocxbK) cb JlaBuejioxoMCb, H30xxa Kpacoxoio cb MtHneBpoH. 
H 3X0 npeAycMOxptno bx> poMant f. L — LI: pa3HHMaa npoxHBHR- 
KOBT,, TpHCxana h OajiaMeAa, Hsoxxa BejHXT> nocjitAHeMy notxaxb 
KO ABopy Apxypa et me saluez la royne Genieure de par moy et 
luy dictes qu'il n'y a an raonde que deux cheualiers et deux da- 
mes, moy et elle, et son amy et le mien, et se le mien eust repaire 
en la grant Bretaigne, il fust bien autant prise d'armes comme 
le sien, et se nous estions ensemble elle et moy, ie feroye aux da- 
mes iuger de noz deux beaultez et des bontez de noz deux amys. 
IIpHHaA^eHtHX-b jiH xaKoe usMtHie njaua cep6cK0My (pyccKOwy) 
nepecKasHHKy, hjih ero opHrHuajry — Mbi uonbixaeMca oxBtxHXb ua 
3X0 AaJi*e ; B'b cbash ct> uhmt* c roHXT> pacnpeAtJieuie BHUbi MeacAy 
AtHCXByioui.HMH jiHuaMH: OHa rfciwb CHjbirfee ua cxopoH* MapKa, 
Mxo BCJ^ACXBie nepexacoBKH jijiaiia Jio6oBHbia mamaR TpHCxaaa n 
H30JbAbi oxnajiH caMH co6ok) h Bneqax^feaie hxi BBHoaaocxH ae 
ycnjiRBaexca noBxopeaieMii hxi> xaftabixi> CBHAaaift h jiio6oBabixi> 
yxHuipeaift. Bcj-feACXBie 3xoro hxt* JiiofioBb, bo BBtraBeMT> apaa- 
cxBeaaoiwb CMbicj*, aajiaexca KaKT> 6yAxo qaii^e, poKoaaa cxpacxb 
TpHCxaaa nepa3AtJibn'fee, h6o Bxopaa Hsoxxa eMy ne aceaa. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 195 

TaKi> mm Huane o6^»CHHTk ce6t HOBbiii pacnopiiAOKi pa3CKa3a, 
etpHO TO, HTO OHi> AOJaccHi) ObWh noBJiiflTb H Ha pacopeAtjieaie no- 
BfeCTBOBaTejbHaro Marepiajia bi> rpaHBaaxi> HdutHnBOiarocH njiaHa. 

IIOITH set 3nH30Abl IIOCJltAHGH ^aCTH pyCCKOH HOB'feCTB HaXOA^TCfl 

H BT> en HCTOHHHKt, HO pasMtii^eHie Apyroe h mhofo CMtmeHift. 

/I,ajite MM nepecKaabiBaeMx coAepa^aHie ocTajbHoii qacxe *paH- 
iiydci&ro poMaHa h BepciH Polidori, ocTaeaBJHBaACb uoApo6Hie 
JiHuib Ha anaaoAaxTj, Ba»Hbixi ajih Hamero xeKcxa, KOTopwe otm*- 
qaeu-b GyKBaMH bi BBAy cjtAyK)ii;Rxi> c6jiHH(eHiH. 

Audret AOHOCHrb MapKy o CBaaa TpacraHa c% HaojbAOfi; 
MapKi 3acTaeTT> BXb BMtcxt, xoqen> y6HTb TpacxaHa, ho npo- 
waxHyjca; TpHcxaHT> HanocBxi eiuy yAapij Me4eMi> njiamMH, oxnero 
xoTT, naAaexT>, a caMT> yAajflexcfl cb HtKOxopbiMH pbmapflMH B-b 
jrtcb. OqHyBmncb, MapKij BAexT> ci BOopyacenHOio cbjoh kti AOMy 
TpHCxana, Hcejaa oxwcxBXb eMy; yanaaij, qxo ohi bt> ^tcy, ny- 
raexca: xenepb ne 6yAexT> BbixoAy h3^ ropoAa hh eMy, hh KOMy 
ApyroMy. Audret oStmaexx, Mapny 3ajy»JBXb TpBcxaua: no ero 
coBtxy KopoJib HBinexTj ewy BSBBHBxcjibHoe oBCbMO B npocBT'b Bep- 
HyxbCfl. Brangien, nocjauHafl Ch nBCbMOM^, npeAynpewAaexT> Tpa- 
cxaua, hxo6t> oht> ne cjhoikomi AOBtpfljcfl. — Lamoral de Galles 
nocbuaexT> ko ABopy Mapna aanapoBaHHbift porb, Bcnbixyiomifi Btp- 
Hocxb »eHT> ^). — yjiOBKa Audret'a yjBqBXb TpBCxana (jeaaefl, des 
faulx, HOCxaBJieHHbiH bx cuajbnt HsojibAbi, KoxopbiMB AOJ»ceHi> 6b]jii> 
iiopi3axbCfl TpHcxaHi) ne yAaexcH. — MapKi. aanpem^aexx*, no co- 
Btxy Audret, BxoABXb KOMy 6bi xo hh 6buo B31 Myac^BHi bx no- 
KOHlIdbJbAbi; A'^BymKa (noHMeuHBasille), jtofioBb Koxopoft oxaepr- 
HyxaTpBCxauoM'b, ^OBopBx^ Audret'y, mxo TpHCxaHij MoacexTb opo- 
HBKHyxb Ki> il30JibAt B3i> caAa iepe3'b okho; Audret BMtcxt cb 
HtKoxopbiMB pbmapHMB Aaexi> eMy npoHAXH Kb cBoeB mbjoK b hoa- 
»flAaex^ ero; TpncxaH'b, npeAjnpeJKAeHHWH Brangien, pacnpa- 
Bjaexcfl CT>3acaA0B BycniaaexT) yBAXB. — Mapni aauHpaexi) Hceny 
B^ 6amHK), FAt TpHcxaHT> noctmaexi ee, nepeoAtxwi acenmBHOH; 



*) OC-h 3T0Mi> MOTiiBt c.i. Golthcr, 1. C, CTp. 20. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



196 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

OHH cxBaieHbi H o6peHeHbi he HaKaaaHie, ho Stryrb h BHtcri crb 
roBepHajieMii h damoyselle HsoibAbi, qui auoit nom Lamide 
(f. LVIII), nocejflWTCfl bx ung riche manoir qui fut a la sage 
damoyselle (1. c), ^ pbiuapeH, KaKie npe uhxi> 6bijR, OTCbijiaH)Ti> 
K^ Aprypy cb noKJonoM-b JIaecejiOTy h Lamoral. Bi OTcyxcTBiH 
TpHcraHa MapKi vBOSHTb Heuy; TpHcraui BoaapamaeTCfl aomoS, 
paHeHbiS flAOBHTOK) cxptjoH, He HafiAfl HaojibAbi, upeAaeTCfl'ropio. 
Ero paua onacna; y3HaB^ o tomx, Brangien coBtxyexi emy txarb 
en la petite Br^taigne ^) 

a) Kx KopojH) Houcl, AOMb KOToparo, Yseult aux blanches 
mains, BbutiBja ero paay. Ohi> seHHTCH na nefi, ho 6paKa ue eo- 
Bepmaerb: ero MbicJH y aKpacHOfi Il30JibAbi» (la bloye), meBhi 
MapKa; xaHHy CBoen crpacxH ohi noBtpfleTi npiHTejuo, fipaxy 
aceHbi, Kahedin (Polidori: Ghedino, Gheldino), KoxopbiH npeAJa- 
raexT> conyxcxBOBaxb eMy b^ Kopuyajib. HxajiiaHCKifi xeKCXT> npa- 
6aBj[flexi>, 1X0 no paacKaaaMT TpHcxana Ghedino sao^iHO hJLioOMcn 
B^ ero MHjyK)^); <i»paHaj'3CKifi — noMtmaexT> nepeAT> oxitsAOM-b 



^) OrjiHHiH TCKcra Polidori, crp. 154 cit^.: TpiiCTaa-b u Haorra y Mapxa; 
OAHa donzeUa Hsottu, OTseprHyraH TpncTaeoM-b, coo6iuaeTi> Adrette cbou ooao- 
sptHiH OTHOCHTeJibHO CBii3H TpHCTaea ci> KopojeBoil. HeyAa<iHaH yjoaica Adrette 
(jieseeH excaajibBt HaoTTu); 30H30ai> ci» Amorotto di Gaules; sacTaBi* TpHcraaa 
y ^Keflfai, MapKi> aannpaerb ee bi* 6am bio. A^^'^c paacKaax totl me xo noxuuie- 
HiH HceHbi MapKa. PaHenaro haobhtoio crp-kaoio TpHCTana EpaHAHsa jt<iBTi>, 
cb j^osBOjeain Kopojia, bi> saicK'i^ di Cornazim. OiHaHsj^u, aaAyMaauiHCb o6'b 
HaoTTt, TpacTaa-b ae otb'^tmjii* aa npaa'feTCTBie npo'bawaro pbiuapa h npaayMC- 
;^eBi> BCTynHTb cb aaa-b bi> (Soft, KOTopufi OKaHHHRaeTca npH3HaHieMi>: to Cu^'b 
Jlaai^eJOT'b, aapOHao npitxaBoiifi, htoCu noaaaKOMHTbca ct. TpncTaaOM-b. Jlaaue- 
jioTb MHparb ero ci> Kopojieifb, riwh no Mea'be MapKi> DpoAOJHtaerb sjoyMum- 
jiflTb npOTUBi> njieMHBaaRa, noAcujiaerB ki* aexy y6ifti;-b, ho ycaoKOHBaeTca, 
yBHA'ba'b OAHa>KAbi, hto, npeAynpexcAeHHuft BpaaAaaoft o ero nod^iMeaiu, Tpu- 
CTaai* cnarb ae ci» UaoTToft, a Cb JlaauejiOTOM-b. Pa3CKa3i> nepexoAHTb aa Bpeiia 
Ki> nocji'i^AHeiiy, Koroparo B-b Gioiosa Guardia ocaAaai* ApTjrp^, sacTasaiifi ero 
BABoem* (Tb HCaaeBpoft; TpacraHi* aBajica aa noMoiub Jlaui^ejiOTy, ycTpaaBaerB 
ero npHMapeaie cb KOpojeifb u, BepHyamacb B-b KopHoaajib, "J^AeT-b, ao coatry 
EpaaABBbi, B-b Petitta Brettagna. 

*) Bo ^paaayscKOM-b TeRcrE, f. LXXXII, oa-b Buo^jaeTca B-b aee, Korxa 
BHAan* ee npa Aaopt Mapxa: et tout incontinent que Kahedin veit Yseult, si 
I'ayma si durement qne oncques puis son cueur n'en partit deuant la mort. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSl) HCTOPIH POMAUA H nOB-£CTH. 197 

HiCKOJbKO anH30A0Bi>, HeAOCTaioii]^xi> y Polidori; h ocTaHOBiiocb 

Ha 0AH0M1> H31> HHXl. 

b) TpHCTaiTb, HaojbAa b Kahedin KaxaiOTCH no Mopio; 6ypH 
saHocHTb HXT> KT> «pays du seruage», ta* BeraKaHi Nabon le noir 
Aepacaji> bt> paOcxBt Bcfexx, kto npHcraBajrb k'b cKajHCTOMy (5e- 
pery. TpHCxaHx HaxoAHTB SA^Cb Lamoral'fl, Segurades'a h Apy- 
rHxi> jK)AeH B3i> Logres. BaiHKaHi> xoierb OTDpaaAHOBaxb Boee- 
ubiMH HrpaMB nocBHn^eHie CBoero Cbma bi> pbiaape: 6oh najHiiaMa 
(bastoDs) npH iii,fiTaxi>. Lamoral Ho6tacAaerB oahofo Hoprajiboa, 
HO csLWb no6iacAeHi> BejHKaHOiii>, Bbi3biBaK)i£(HMi> HOBaro npoxHB- 
HHKa. Bbi3biBaexcH TpHcxaHi>, Koxopbifi h o6xHBJ8exi> CBoe hmh 
(f. LXV — LXVI): Certes, dit Nabon, or suis ie plus ioyeulx que 
deuant quant ie te tiens en ma prison : ce ieu n'est pas ieu de 
I'espee, plus te doubtasse que ie ne feray, si te vueil monstrer 
que aussi comme Tristan est le meilleur cheualier du monde, 
aussi est Nabon le noir le meilleur escremisseur du monde. Or 
te garde meshuy, car ie te ferray se ie puis nom pas iusques a la 
mort. Mais hardiement m'occiez de cest ieu se vous pouez, fait 
Tristan, que vous en scauez tant, car ie vous dis bien que ie vous 
feray se ie puis. Et Nabon dit que de ce se gardera il bien. 
A tant commence Tescremye Tristan et ne monstre pas qu'il en 
^ache tant pource qu'il veult que le geant s'abandonne a luy. Et 
le geant s'abandonne a luy qui ne s'apper^oit pas comme Tristan 
se va faignant et cuide que Tristan ne saiche riens ainsi comme 
il luy est aduis. Tristan s'en va destournant une heure 5a une 
heure la, si que le geant le fiert ung petit, mais il ne luy fist nul 
mal. Et puis dit Tristan: Or sachez que ie te eusse bien blece se 
i'eusse voulu. Ce SQay ie bien, dist Tristan, or me garderay ie 
mieulx une autreffois. Lprs recommencent a gecter et Tristan 
dit: Nabon, garde toy mieulx que tu n'as faict, car saches que ie 
te feray se ie puis. Et Nabon dist qu'il se garderoit bien et qu'il 
ne fait que geter petis coups pour monstrer au peuple quelle 
courtoisie il faisoit a Tristan, combien qu'il scauoit de I'escremye 
plus que luy. Tristan si voit bien qu'il est temps de mener a fin 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



198 ^ A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

ce qu'il peusoit, si haulce le baston et fiert le geant parmy la 
teste, si qu'il chet a terre tout estourdy et ne scet s'il est iour 
ou nuyt. Alors gecte ung grant plaint et dist: Haa, Tristan, tu 
m'as occis. Se m'aist Dieu, dist Tristan, vous mourrez se Dieu 
plaist, aiuQois que vous m'eschappez. Lors recouure et luy donne 
uug si grant coup quMl Toccist. Bet, uaxoAHBrniecfl ei paficTst 
y sejiHKaHa, ocBoSoHtAeHbi. Ha3Ha<iHBi> BJiacTHxejeMi o6jacTii Se- 
gurades'a, TpHcraHi BOSBpamaercfl bt> Majyio BpHxaHiio. — Cit- 
AyioTB BO *paHBty3CK0MT> TeKcxt npHKjioqeHiH Lamoral'H, 3aTiMi> 
pbiuapa a la cotte mal taill6e; JHUib noexfe aroro pascKaai. nepe- 
xoAHTT> K^ TpHCxany — h kt> corjaciio ct> HTajiaHCKHMT> TeKCTOMT>: 
Brangien npHHocHTb TpHcxaHy UHCbMO oxt> HaojibAbi, npHrjama- 
wmee ero BepHyxbcn; ohx tAexT> ct> Kahedin, 6yAxo 6bi BbiSBau- 
HbiH no A^Jiy BT> Leonnoys; 6ypa 3aH0CHXT> hxt* «pres de la forest 
Darnantes» (hx. Dernantes, Andemantes), ou la damoyselle du 
lac avoit eraprisonne Merlin» (f. LXXVI), fa* Kanafl-xo AtByuiKa 
(B^ HxajiiaHCKOMT> xeKcxt: Elei^a) Aep«irrb bi> BOJmefinoM'b nituy 
Apxypa, KoxoparoeeaycntuiHOHmyxipbmapHeroABopa. Bt>3xomt> 
jitcy upoHcxoAHX'b pflA^ npHKJwqeHifi: TpHCxairb (Jbexcfl, MeacAV 
npoqBMT>, c^ Keux le seneschal (hx. Chieso), Koxopbifi, He 3Haa 
TpHcxana, rjyHHxcH HaAi> KopnyajbCKHMH pbn^apflMH, ho c6nxi 
TpHcxaflOMT> (no3AHte B^ HxajiiaHCKOMi* xeKcxt JIaHuejioxT> CMtexcfl 
HaAT* Chieso: Tbi AyMajii^, 4xo TpHCxaui HcnyraexcH xbohxi 
CJIOBX?). — TpHcxaHT> ocBo6o«AaexT> Apxypa. 

3a B03BpauieHieMT> TpHCxana kt> MapKy cjtAyexT> bt> Hxajian- 
CKOMi xeKcxt 3nH30A'b CT> «fl6joHeH)) (HX. pino), noMtmeHHbiH Ha- 
uiHMT) xeKcxoMT. paH'fee. HoBafl xHxpocxb MapKa: Me«Ay nocxesbio 
CBoefi acoHbi h TpHcxanoBOH, ohi BejHXT> nocbuiaxb noit MyKOio, 
Hxo6bi MOHCHO SbiJio HO CJitAaMi> y3Haxb H^ npouicHHaro noctxRxeja. 
TpncxaHTj CKaqexT> co CBoero Mtcxa na lome H3oxxbi, opH axoMi 
y Hero jionHyjH orb HaxyrH acHJibi na pyicfe, KpoBb ocxajacb na nojy 
H Ha nocxejiH. Mapni xoHexT> ca;e% ateny, ho nanepeA'b noABcp- 
raex^ ee Hcnbrraniio BojKbHWb cyAOMi; cjitAyexT> oahut> H3T> H3- 
BtcxHtfiraHxi 3nH30A0Bi TpHCxaHOBOH JiereHAbi: TpDcxaHi, nepe- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPie POMAHA H flOBtCTH. 199 

oAtTMH iopoAnBbiMi>, o6HHHaerB H30TTy, a oea KjHBeTCfl, hto 
HHKTO, KpoMt dToro K>poAHBaro, cfl He Kacajca ^). Oahhi> HaBtr- 
qHK^ coBtTyerb MapKy ii3rHaTb TpHcraaa h Haorry aai aapcxBa, 
«iT06bi3apa3i>0CB060AHTbc>i orb neqajH; ohh nocejiaioTeH BiOAHOAfb 
3aMKi H cnflTb, nojoHHBi) npoHe»ei> ce6n o6Ha»ceHHbiH Mem>. 
' JI,tjajH OHH 3T0 noTOMy, MTO TO MtcTO 6biJo He 6e3onacHoe; MapKi>, 
aacTaiomiS HXb chh^hmh, xojKyerb MeTb, KaKi* snaMenie necTOTbi 
Hx^ OTHomeHifi h Cb necTbio B03BpamaeTT> hxt* kt* ceCi^). 

Bcero axoro Htrb bo ^panr^yacKOMi? poMant bT) vKasaHHofi 
CBfl3H : ocBoeoAHBT* Apxypa, TpHCxani iAexi b% Kopnyajb, h cjt- 
Ayerb 3nH30AT> mo6be Kahedin'a (hx. Ghedino) kti HsojibAt, na- 
pajjejbHo cb cooxBtxcxByiomHMi pa3CKa30Mi y IIojibaoph. fl co- 
oOmaio ero jraoib bi> ofimBxi oqepxaHiax^: Kahedin oHmex'b 
HsoJbAt JiK)6oBHQe nacbMo; OHa oxBtiaexi eny yKjOHiEBO h HarKO, 
KaKi 6yAT0 o6HaAeHCHBafl, ho JBuib aar^M'b, Hxo6bi ne one^ajHTb 
ero. IlHCbMO 3X0 nonaAaexi bi pyKH TpHcxany, KOxopwH, y6t«- 
AeHHbiH BT) HCBtpHocxe H30jrbAbi, yAajflexcfl b^ nycxbianbiH jtcb, 
0AH?ajii>, HHBexi> Kaicb lopoABBbie, H3cxynHBi mi^ yma. 3Atcb Ha- 
xoAHXT> ero MapKi h boacxi bt> ropoAi, He ysnaHHaro; H30JbAa 
yxa»^HBaexi aa HBM-b, ho KorAa ohi> BbisAopoBtjix, MapKi> Bbicbi- 
jaexi> ero h3i> Kopnyajfl. 

Aajite coAepacanie 4>paHuy3CKaro h HxajiiaHCKaro powanoB-b 
CHoea pacxoAHxcfl. IlepBbiH paacKaawBaexi o6^ oxitaA* Tpncxana 
Bi Logres, fa* ohT), BMtcxi c^ Dinadans, (Jbexcn npoxaBi xpHA- 
aaxH pbiuapeif, Koxopwx^ Morgain nocxaBHjra B'b 3acait, qxefii* 



^) Cj. moh CjiaBflHCKiH CKasaHifl o CojOMont h KiiroBpac-fe, cxp. 23—25 
H npiiM. 1 Ha cxp. 25; Lutoslawski, Les folies de Tristan, B'b Romania J\& 60; 
Golther, 1. c, crp. 13—15, 85 cjt^., 99; H. von Wlislocki, Die Episode des 
Gottcagerichtes in ciTristan iind Isoldew unter den transilvanischen Zeltzigeunern 
and Rumancn, bt* Zeitschrift f. vergl. Litteraturgeschichte I, cxp. 457 h wt^. 

2) MoxMB-b Meia, nojOMieuHaro MextAy cofliuHMu na hoctcjim, anaKOiciaR B6- 
rourio M Eilhart'y (cji. Muret, 1. c, cxp. 837—8; Golther, 1. c, cxp. 24, 118), 
Sarrazin (I. c. cxp. 263, 270) cHHxaexi. noieiiy-xo repMancKMin.. Oht. cxojb Maio 
repMaHCKiti, «ixo Bcxp-feiaexcn nanp. h y Ka6apxHHueB'b. Cji. C6opHHK'b cB^A'i^Biif 
KaBKaacKHx-b ropuaxi., VI, cxp. 99. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



200 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

yCBTb JIaHi;ejOTa. Cji*AyK)TT> noABHre TpHCxaHa ea xypHnp-fe npa 
Chasteau aux. Pucelles. He yaHaHHblH ehk^mi, oht> CKpbiBaercfl; 
pbiiiapH Apxypa ijn^yvb ncKaTb ero, HaxoAHTt jlaHueJorb. MapKi> 
OTnpaB^aeTCfl btj Logres Ch atjibio y6HTb TpHcrana; Apxypx mh- 
pBTB Hxi> H o6fl3biBaerL MapKa He sjoyMbiniJBTb npoTHB^ njieMAH- 
HHKa no nprfesA* bx Kopuyajb, KyAa o6a h ornpaBJiaiOTCH. Tpn- 
CTaHT» noStAoeocHO oxpa^aerb HanaAeHie Sesnes, ho Mapirb 3a- 
VI^o^^Jih ero bt> xeMHHi^, nai Koxopofi ero ocBo6o5KAaK)XT> Perce- 
val H »cHxejH Leonnois, a B-b xeMBHi^r iiocaaceHi) caMi> MapKi>. 

BMtcxo Bcero 3xoro Hxa.iiaHCKifl xeKCXT> AaexT> xaKia noApoC- 
hocxh: 

c) IIpH rocca del Dianfer TpHCxaHi> 6bexc>i cti hchojihhomi 
Lucano lo Grande; DepBb)Mi> Bbit3H;aeTi> HpoxBBi> HcnojiHHa, bo- 
opyateHHaro najiHueH, cnyxHBKT, TpHCxana, Dinadano; xoxt> «si lo 
prende per lo nasale del'elmo e lievalo di sul suo cavallo e leggier- 
raente lo ne porta in verso la rocca». 

d) Jlocjit HtKoxopbix^ Apyr0XT> npHKiioqeHiii TpncxaHi upiia- 
/Kaexx btj aaMOKi* MeAen (Medeas); BcaKin, JKejraBmiH oCjraAaxb 

BK), 06a3aHT> CbUTj CHXbCfl Cb xtMT>, KXO BTj XO BpeMfl nOJbSOBaJCfl 

ea jiK)6oBbio, h Jinnib y6HBT> ero, Bcxynaji'b B-b ero rfpasa. MeAeH h 
ea cecxpbi (Lavina, Agnena, Bresenda h Pulizena) fibUH caMbia 
pacnyxHbia »eHui,HHbi BX CBtxii, AO^epH«dellabella suora d'Amore, 
la quale discese de la gentile reina Calistra (Bap. Talistre), la 
quale fue reina dello regno Femminoro, capo e membro di' lus- 
suria» (Thalestris AjieKcaHApoBbix^ poMaHOB^) *). 
CjtAyioxi> HOBbia upHKjioMeHia h dumoxh 

e) o6i oAHofi AaMt, BOJmeSHHut (la quale molto sapeva delle 
sette arti), no hmchh Escorducarla (nap. Ascherducola, Eschon- 
ducola); y3HaBi>, qxo OAHut HS'b pwuapeft Apxypa yCHji ea mc- 



^) Gj. cxoabuH 3an30Ai> B-b M^raugis de Portlesguez y G. Paris, Lea romans, 
CTp. 226 — 7, H Bt OAHOMi> npoaaHHecKOM-b TCKcrfe cTapo<x>paHay3CKaro MepjiiHa, 
H3AaHH0Mi> ofiu^ecTBoM'b des anciens textes fran^ais (Merlin, roman en prose du 
Xlll-e 8i6cle publ. par G. Paris et Jacob Ulricb, Paris 1887), t. II, cxp. 44—67. 
Cj. G. Paris, 1. c, cxp. 237 h 172—3 (anaaoA'B h31i Guinglain). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPin POMAHA H flOBliCTB. 201 

Tbipexi CbiHOBCH, a caw-b Kopojb oxpyOwL rojoey en Ao^epH 
Elergia'H (C4. Bwme, cxp. 198), ooa uHmerb caoeHy Cpaxy Lasancis 
(eap. Lancisse, Asancis, Lasencis, Asencis), «il quale dimorava 
nella rocca della Ancisa de I'lsola Riposta nello mare Uziano», 
nopyqafl eaiy cbok) moctb. Torb OTKasbiBaerca aa cxapocTbio, ho 
OHa Aaerb any saqapoBaHHoe opyacie, Koxopoe He CepexT. HHKaKoe 
Apyroe; Kanbe, KOTopoe HetioreexcH, ecjH Aaace CyAerb BT>ynoTpe- 
fijiefliH BTi TeneHiH uijiaro roAa, ct> xaKHM^ ocxpieM^, mo CTonrb* 
TOJibKO KocHyrbCfl HMT* npoTHBHEKa, H OHi SyACTb cCarb. TaKT* 
oH^ cpasHTb Bcfexx pbiuapefl Aprypa, aanpexi hxi bo ABope^^ h 
coa;H;exT>, a acHxejieH KaMCJOxa npeAacxi* CMepxH. Lasancis oxnpa- 
BJiaexca; pbiuape (Apxyp-b, JTanaejOT'b h Ap.) cpaaceHbi oahht, 3a 
ApyrHMTj H aanepxbi; JKHHCBpa bt> coofimecxB-fe qexbipex'b Atay- 
raeiTb 'feAexT> HCKaxb TpHcxana a-b Tintoille, Bcxptqaerb ero Ha 
rpaHHat FacKOHH al castello di Barfonalle, ne y3HaexT> ero (oht* 
MtHflj'b CBOF insegne), cnpauiHBaexx o hcmT) ero caMoro, h KOPAa 
OHT* oxKpbijrcH eft, roBopHXT^ CBoeiwb ropt. Ohh oxnpaBJiflioxcfl 
BM'fecxt; Ha nyxH oxraejibHHK> coo6maexT> TpHcxany xaftny Boopy- 
ajeHia Lasancis'a h ne nejiBx-b 6HXbCH Cb hbm^ na Konbexi,. IlpH-. 
6biBT> wb KaMCJioxTi, Tp: cxanx pacnopflwaexcH, qxo6^ yCpajH Bcfe 
Koobfl H ApoxHKB, KaKie naxoABJiBCb B^ ropoAt h, HBBBmHCb Ha no- 
eAHHOKTi c^ acejfeHOH najiBueft btj pyKaxT>, roBopHXT> o cefi-fe La- 
sancis'y, qxo oH-b lOHbifi pbmapb, ne npRBbiKoiifi kt> xypuapy, Kb 
xoMy ace Konba ewy nePAt B3flxb, b oht> opocBx-b 6HXbCfl Cb khmti 
ua Me4axi> bjih najiBqaMB. Lasancis popAO CHflcxoABXi> Kb epo 
opocbfit, AHBBxcfl yAapaMT> upoxBBHHKa, Koxopbie opyacie ero bh- 
AepacBBaerb, copjamaexcfl noBxopBXb 6oft Ha yxpo, ho 3a6biBaexi> 
Ha M-fecxi CBoe Konbe. KoPAa ohx xBaxBJicfl epo, 6biJ0 yme no3AHo; 
B'b cjitAyiomew-b noeAHHKt oH'b c6hxi> TpHcxaHOMx* h pobophxt>, 
Kxo OHi H 3a4'feMi HpHuiejTi. TpHcxaHT> 3anHpaexT> epo na bck) 
»H3Hb, a BOjmeCHoe opy«ic Bejexij npoKajiHXb bx opnt, qxofibi 
OHO He nonajio bi pyKn K0My-HH6yAb ApypoMy. 

riocit 3X0P0 TpHCxani B03Bpamaexcfl btj KopnoBajb, no- 
ctn^aexT> H30'rry noA'b bhaomtj CBflmeHHHKa; hx^ 3acxaioxT. BMfecrfe 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



202 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

H aaKJiOHaioT'b iioposHb. flBJiflexcH Prezzivalle, GbeTCfi ct> Map- 

KOMl, KOTOpblif BT> CBOH) OHepeAb nOCaWeHl BT> TWpbMV. ^ 

CoHAHCb CHOBa, o6a xeKcra 

f) 3acTaBjaK)rb TpHcrana b HaojbAy txaxb bi Logres. Bo 
<i>paHiiy3CK0M^ poMant (1. II, f. LXIIII) TpHCTaHT> HatdHiaerb noAT> 
Joyeuse Garde na iiiaTpbi Apxypa h ero pbmapen, cCHBaexi mho- 

rHXT> HS-b HHX^, HO ySHaHT* JHUIb OAHHMl JIaHaeJIOXOM'b, KOXOpblH 

npHr^aiiiaexx> hxt> K-b ce6t btj Joyeuse Garde. JKejaa yBHAtxb 
TpHcxana a HaojbAy, Apxypa Ha3HaMaexT> xypBBpT> deuant le 
cliasteaii de Louseph. — HxajiaHCKifi xgkcxi SAtcb iiOApofiHte: 
TpHCxaH-b ^Aexi* ch Haoxxofi B-b Gioiosa Guardia K-b JIaHuejioxy, 
OAtxbiH MOHaxoMi; .laHueJOxi BbitxaBiuifi BCKaxb ero, h6o ao Hero 
AomjH cjyxH, Hxo TpHcxaHi bi saKjioqeHiB, ne npHBHaji) ero bI) 
Monaxt, HacnyxHBiiy Koxoparo aarjiHAbiBaexcH. Oaa Kpame Hsoxxbi 
H JKHHeBpbi, OHT* yAHBJflexcfl, HXO MOHaxxi BOAHXT> ee Cb CO6OK), 
KOPAa y Hero Homexi> oxHflXb ee jk)6oh pbmapb; HaBABbiBaexce ki> 
HRM^ B-b cnyxHBKH, roHHxi> MOHaxa npoHb, acejan .laBjaAtxb ero 
AaMoft. CjitAyK)iiiiH 3a xtai^ 6oh KOH>iaexcfl npHSuaHieni npoxHB- 
HHKOB-b, Koxopbie tAyxi Bwtcxfe; TpHcxaHT> He BejHXT> ceCt CKa- 
3biBaxb. .laHiiejioxT> npoisacaexi BnepeAi, HaxoAHxx, Apxypa h ero 
ABop^ B^ maxpaxi> oepeA'b ropoAOwi; saxtui aBjaexca h Tpe- 
cxaHi, xpeCya noeAHHKa, c6HBaexT> Galvano, Mordarette, Agra- 
vano H ApyrHXT>; Bct H(AyxT>, hxo c^Ianaejioxi oxmcxhxt> 3a nopa- 
atenie xoaapHmeH, a oh^ noA^tsacaexi kt> TpacxaHy h BMtcxt 
CT> HHM^ H H30XXOH oxnpaBjflexcfl bi Gioiosa Guardia. — no3Aute, 
ysnaB-b, hxo xo 6bijiH TpHcxaui h il3oxxa, h »cejaH Hx-b BHAtxb, 
Apxypi c3biBaex'b xypHHpi al bel ciastel del Verzeppe. 

nocjt xypHHpa, FA* TpHcxaHX> noKa3ajT> nyAeca xpa6pocxH, 
jBoib HxajiaHCKiH xeKcrrb roBopHXT>, hxo 

g) ,laHaejioxT^ notxaj'b HCKaxb cBoero cbina, poagieHHaro oxt> 
Aonepe dello re Pilles Pescaor. 

CjrfeAyexT> xaaii h 3Atcb 6ofi .lanaejoxa ex Bninor le Noir 
(Brunor lo Bruno), KOxopoMy TpHcxaflT> ccvAH.i'b cBoe opyatie, 
BCjiACXBie Hero BpvHopx 3a Hero h iipBnflxi>. Bi cx]U\io£uei 3a- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^^Mi 



m-b HCTOPIH POMAHA H UOB^CTH. 203 

r&Mi BOHHt Meaciiy apjaHAuaiiH h uopraibaauii TpncTaHi h JlaHue- 
jOTb HaxoAflTCfl Ha pa3Hbixi> CTopoHaxi; Aprypi* mhphti> bxi>. 

^ajbHtHiuiii npHKJiK)?eHifl TpncraHa n cooCuiaio vHce bi> no- 
pflAKt BTajiaHCKaro reKCTa; opaniiyscKii DpeACTaBJfleTi> SAtcb 
Apyryio peAaKi^iio a jamb HeSojbinoe KOJiBqecTBO napaxiejieB. 

h) OcraBBBi Hsorry bt> ItoMejOTfe, TpBCTam* b Jlanuejorb 
tAyTb; Bcxptqa cb ApeBHBMT> pbiaapeiii>: eMy Cojuke 1 70 Jitrb; oht* 
OKasbiBaeTCfl della Tavola Vecchia, no BMeHB Sigurans lo Bruno,... 
cavaliere Agragone (sap. Agrone), lo piii forte combattitore che 
avesse lo re Uterpandragone in siia corte. TpHCTaHT> xo^tb ct> 
EBMT, noMtpBTbca, B TOTb, y3HaBi> Bvo BMH, corjaceHT>. 06a na- 
AaioTB Cb Konei b co3uaK)TCB, hto HBKorAa ee BcnbrraJiB TaKoro 
yAapa, a JlaHuejOTa Sigurans cfiBBaerb ct> kohb. Offb npBrja- 
raaerb bxi kt, ce6t, ho ohb 'kjiyvh Aajite; BUOCJiACTBiB ohh 
ysHaiOTb ero CMepxB ott> naAeflia cb jouiaAB. 

^aMa Osepa sajyqBJia bi B0juie6HbiB ABopeui TpBCxaHa b 
HaoTxy, JlaniiejiOTa b ^KBHespy. OcBoCoAHBoiBCb oxryAa h sep- 
HyBmflCb B-b KauejOTB, TpHcraHi oxcbuaerb Haorry bi Gioiosa 
Guardia bi> conpoBO^AeHiB AMopojbAa b IlajiaMBAeca; no3ABie 
eMy AOHQiCflrb, hto IlajraMBAeci ocxajcfl y HaoxTbi, xoxb oht> npo- 
6bWh b^ Gioiosa Guardia Bcero oabht> Be^ep^. TpBCxaui CMep- 
xejbHo peBHyexT> ki ueMy. 

i) PaacKasbiBaexcH o poxcAeHiB cbina .lani^ejioxoBa, Galeazzo 
hjh Galasso, o noBBjieHiB ero npa ABopt Apxypa, KOxopbiB, iipo- 
BBAB rpflAyni.ee sanycxifeHie Kpyrjaro Cxoja, KorAa Bci bbxash ysje- 
Kyxcfl noBCKauH aa CBaxbiM'b Fpajiew^, C3biBaexT>, b'b BOcnoMBna- 
Hie ApeBHBFO pbmapcxBa, xypHBpT>, HaKOxopoM^ Galasso c6BBaexT>, 
Mea«Ay npo^HMT>, b JIaHiieJoxa. — BcKopt .larfeMX. na xypnapt al 
Castello.di Ferelois, oh^ cnoBa c6HBaexT> TpBCxana h .lanuejioxa 
B yAajflexcfl xaftKOM^; ohh iAyxT> BCKaxb ero. 

j) B'b 6ot c^ BejiBKanaMB .lanuejioxx paHeHi b ocxaexcn bx 
oahomtj a66axcxBt, a TpBCxaHX tAexi. AaJbm-fe, Bcxptqaexb bt* 
Valle Ombrosa IlajaMBAeca, KoxopoMy ne oxBiqaeii na dokjiohi. 
Toxb CMymen-b, b npeAynpeacAaa BbiaoBi, caMT> Bbi3biBaexT> Tpn- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



204 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

CTaea: euy lymne CMepTb, t^mi TRUsuh bi> aocTOHUHOMi> crpaxt; 
noeAHHKy 6kiTb Ha yrpo y petrone di Merlino. TpBCTaei hbeica, 
IlajiaiiHAeca wkvh; bm^cto Hero npitaacaerb JlanuejiorB, HCKaBmii 
TpHCTaHa. ToTb BbiabiBaerB ero Ha Goh, npBHflBi> 3a Bpara. IIpH- 
SHanie coBepmaexcH BO-BpeMH. — Bo *paHuy3CK0Mi> poMant 3T0My 
dOHSOAy OTBtnaioTi ABa: h3i> hhxi> oahhi pa3CKa3aHi> paHbme (1. II, 
f. XX cjtA): TpHCTaei> ocBo6oiKAaeTT> IlajiaMeAa on> HanaAema 
AecflTH pbmapefi, c^HpaBniHXCH yfiHTb ero, ho y3HaBT> kto ohi, 
Bbi3biBae'rb ero na nqeAHHOK'b «au perron Merlin»; IlajaMOA^b ne 
Morx HBHTbCfl Bi> Ha3Ha4eHHoe BpeMH (ccar il fdt emprisonne de- 
dans le terme» (f. XXI); bm^cto nero upothbhhkomi TpHCTana 
flBJiflexcfl JlaHuejiOTb; 6oh npoHCxoAHTT> bt> npHcyxcTBiH FoBep- 
Hajfl. — ApyroH cxoAHbiH 3nH30A'b CJrfeAyeTb sa bobhoS Me«Ay 
HpjiaHAuaMH H Hoprajbi^aMH h mbpomI), ycTpoeHHbiMi> Me»cAy Tpa- 
cxaHOMT. H JlaHuejoxoM-b. TpHcxaHT> oxnpaBjeexcH bi Joyeuse 
Garde BMtcxife cb najiaMeAOMx; bt* jitcy oht> noACjyuiHBaexx lay, 
KOxopbiH IlajiaMeA'b cjioHHjrb b ntjii npo H30JibAy, h Bbi3biBaexT> 
ero Ha 6oh. IlajiaMeAi ne BOopyaceHi, h naaHaqaexT* noeAHHOKT> 
qepesTi neAtJiK), deuant la fontaine du pin, ho Ha 3xoxt> pa3i Tpn- 
cxaH'b He Morij HBHXbCfl noxoMy hxo Cbwb paneHi. (1. II, f. CXVI 
cjtA.) ^). 

k) JlaHi^ejoxT* h Tpecxaui tAyrb Aajite; y BXOAa bt> Valle 
Scura HaAHHCb na cxojCt aanpemaexi haxh Aajte HHa^e, KaKii ne . 
BOopyaceHHbiMH b BeAH KoueH bi> noBOAbflxi>: bi 3aMKt Derudica- 
noro (Bap. Derundighanoro) BjacxByexT> lo cavalier Fellone, Mari>, 
y Koxoparo CHJii> 6biJ0 bi uflib pa3i> 60Jibme, n^wb y BCHKaro, 
cpancaiomarocH ci> hhmi>. Owb c6BBaexi> TpBCxana ci> kohh, a 
Jlaniiejoxa 6epexi> bi ojitHi; o^uyBmiicb, TpHcxaHi> pi^maexcH bo 



1) AHOHHMHbiii asTopi* <cCantare quando Tristano e Lancielotto conbatetero 
al petrone Merlino», BSAaHHaro Dpo<t>. PaftHofi (Scelta di cariosity letterarie 
i^ CXXXY), cit^OBaj-b, no ero MHtHiio, ho TCKCTy Xavola Ritonda, a KOMaiiiii- 
lUH Rasticien de Pise (cji. cTp. L ii cjit;i. BseAeHifl), iu6o en HTaibflHCKOMy nepe- 
BO^ (ib. crp. LYI), oauhi> TeKcn> KOToparo ^ui-b BanenaraH-b Tassi, Girone il 
Cortese, romanzo cavaHeresco di Eustico o Rasticiano da Pisa (Firenze, 1855). 
Cji. y Tassi CTp. 55 ii wtA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 BGTOPIH POM AHA H nOBI&CTH. ^ 205 

qro 6bi TO hh era jo ocBo6oABTb TOBapHiaa; AaMa BepxoHi Ha KOHt 
npeAynpe«Aaerb ero o BOJinieGHOH cHjt Fellone: nycrt nofiAerb 
Bi TaKyio-TO qacoBHH) H noKJiflHeTca nepeAi* pacoaxieM'b HHKorAa 
6ojite He rptmHTb ci> MaorroH, a npH bchkomi> yAapt npoTHBHHKa 
roBopBTb: XpHcre pacoHTbiH, uomo3h mh^; BCflKifi pasi y Mara 
yfiyAeTb CBja oahofo qejOB^Ka. TpncxaHi nofiiacAaerb Fellone, 
ho roJOBbi cMy ne cpySaei^, h6o tott> roBoparb, hto xoJibKO oh^ 
oAHH'b Moa^erb ocBo6oAHTb cbohxt* ysHHKOB'b. 3a to TpHcraH'b ne 
BbiuycKaerb ero d3i pyKT>: KorAa HCBHAHMafl pyKa dpbhochtt> eMy 
ofitA'fc, owb caAHTCfl Ha Fellone ntsrb, joacacb cnaxb KjaAerb ero 
ce6t Bi HsrojiOBbe. Ou^ cjibimBTb fojocb BpaHABHbi h MsoiTbi, 
aoBymei ero ki> ce6t, 3a6biBmHCb 6'I»(hti> ki> Apyrofi nocTejH, 
CTOBBmefi wh noKot; bI) 3to BpeMB pasAaexcfl rpoMi>, nocxejib 
oxBaiena njaMeneMi, Fellone, opHTBopHBmiHCH MepiBbiMi*, XBa- 
xaeTTj TpHcxana, ho xoxt> npH3BaBi> hmb Pacnaxaro, oxpy6aexT> 
eMy npaByio pyKy h BejiHxi> noKJHCxbcn, hxo oht> KpecxBxcfl, ox- 
iiycxBxi> BctxT> y3HHK0Bi> H cxaHexi* AepsKaxb saMOicb oxi> HMenH 
Kopojia Apxypa ^). 

1) TpHcxaHi> B vlanuejioxi) npit3»caioxi> al castello di Cologia. 
lAt BHAflxi> MHoro pbmapeH-capaAHU'b; rpa<&i> Sebio (nap. Sabio, 
Sabbio) o6'hmwb xypHRpi: KoxopbiH pbmapb npa oabomi jamb 
opy»eHOCiit~no6tABXT> ero h ero cxo pbiuapeH, xoMy ohi Aaexi 
pyKy CBoeH Ao^eps h 3aH0Ki>. Hhkxo h3i> jiiOAeH 3aMKa ne nparJia- 
cHjTb Ki> ce6t npit3^Hxi, xojibKO OAHH'B cxapbifi, GtAUbiH pbmapb 
ii03Baji> Hxi> KX ce6t; ero cbiHi> h AOHb npHCJiy3KHBaK)xi> hmi>. 
HoHbK) TpHcxBH'b HaAyMajCfl, KaKi 6bi HarpaAHXb rocxenpiHMHaro 
xo3HHHa, H pimaexT> bwhaxh Ha xypnapi, ixoCbi Ao6bixb pyny ao- 
MepH rpa^a ajh Cbiaa pbiuapa. JIaHiiejioxi> ci> axBHi* corjiacen'b; 
OHT, BbicxynHXT> Bi KanecxBt pbii^apa, TpHCxani B'b poJiH ero opy- 
^eflocua. Jlani^ejiox'b Cbexca crb rpaooMx h y6HBaexT> ero; rjia- 
HyjTb, aTpHcxaHi> oxAwxaexi. 4xo axo xbi Atjaemb? cnpaninBaexT> 
0HT> ero; a xoxt> yme ycnijrb pacnpaBHXbCH ct> CBOHBfH npoxHBHH- 



*) Cj. y G. Paris, Les romans, 1. c, cxp. 80, anHSOA-b o^-b Escanor't (= Dc- 
radicanoro?) B'b Le cimeti^re p^rilleux. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



206 A. H. BECK.!0BCK1H, 

KaifH, ApyrHXT* aanyraxb, teitb «rro ohh ero ne CesnoKOflrb. TpH- 
craHi H .laHuejiorB meEavb xo3flHCKaro cbina (KOTopoMy jiajH hmh: 
Sire Ricevi Ventura) ea Aonepn rpa4»a, a Cbma rpa4»a (KOToparo 
npo3BajiK: Sire Dona Awentura) ea AOiepH xo3flHHa. 

m) .lanaejiOTb h TpHCTaerb yfeawiiort h paattaaKaioTca, nep- 
BbiH B-b noHCKH 3a CBflTbiM-b Fpajieirb, TpHCxaH-b kt> HsoTrfe. IIo 
Aoporfe, Bbi3BaHHbifi Ha noeAHHoin>, o^^ yfiHBaerb Lucanoro h Aaxte, 
He 3Hafl Toro, ocTanaBiBBaeTCH bi 3aMKi^ ero OTi^a, KOTopoMy 
oiHHT* KOHwrnifi roBopHT'b, «iTO cFo TOCTb H ccTb y6ifiaa ero cbiaa. 
y TpHcraHa noxEmaiorb Me^^, CBHSbiBawrb ero h oCpeKawrb na 
CMepTb; KOFAa ero BbiBejH Ha Ka3Hb, npot>3H;ae'rb IlajaMHAecrb; btj 
Hasajit OHi) paAi> TpHcraHOBOH HessroAt, ho cjoBa TpBCTana ero 
o6pa3yMHJH: He lecxb ewy SyAerb, ecjH oht> He noMomerb pbmapio 
BT> 6tAt. H Borb OHi> npocHTb xo3flBHa 3aMKa OToycTHTb TpHcraHa, 
M Kor^a TOTT* He corjraraaercfl, HanaAaex'b Ha Hero h yCHaaerb; 
TpHCTaHi> TaKHe ocBofioatAaeTCfl orb y3'b h Cbexcfl na cxopofffe 
IlajaMHAeca, Koropbifi roBopHrb eaiy: EcjB6bi a HBHJicfl lapetrone 
di Merlino, Tbi 6bi renepb norH6T>; oht> o6T>flCHHerb eMy neocHO- 
BaTeJbHocTb ero noA03piHiH, ohb Apywaxca, h TpHCTaH^ tAeTT> B'b 
Gioiosa Gnardia. 

CjrfeAynyrb: npHRjio^eHifl Prezzivalle, Bordo h Galasso B-b no- 
HCKaxT, 3a CBflTbiM-b FpajeMx; MapKT> oca^Aaexb Apxypa bi Ka- 
MOJorfe, HO OTfiBTb; oH'b noxHmaerb H30TTy h OTnpaBJflex'b ee bt. 
KopnoBajib; ycjbiniaB'b o tomi>, TpBCTaHi) naAaerb nairb MeprBbiH, 
ctryerb a tAerb coBepiueHHO saSbiBUiHCb, ne cibimnrb Bbi30Ba 
messer Chienso h naAaerb cb kohh orb ero yAapa; ysnaB'b, qxo 
3T0 TpHcxan^, Chienso one^ajen-b; TpHcraHi npomaerb eny. — 
noeAHHOiTb TpHcraHa ch Astore di Mare; Bcrp-feqa cb AtBymKofi, 
CT> KOTopoH) fata Morgana nocbuaja Mapny oxpaBJieHHoe Konbe — 
Ha CMepTb 3Btpio, TO-ecTb, TpHCTany. IloA'b'fesacaerb Breus, cnpa- 
mHBaerb TpHCTana, noAi* ero jh oxpanofi ra AteyoiKa; nojyTOBi* 
yxBepAHxejibHbifi OTB-ferb, Bbi3biBaerb ero na 6oh h, noetacAenHbiS, 
npocHTTi TpHCTana h noAT>ixaBmaro Astore 3a'fexaTb bi ero saMOK'b. 

n) y Bpeyca Aawa Fajiena, KOTopyio h3t» pcbhoctw ohi HHKOMy 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> nCTOPIH POMAHA H IIOBIjCTH. 207 

He noKasbiBaerb, no4eMy bt* cboS 3aM0KT> He nycKaji> pbiuapen, a 
BcixT. AaMT. c^HTaji-b pacnyxHbiMH. Flpi'fexaB'b k^ ce6'fe c^ tocthmh, 
OHi He BejHTb roBopHTb, RTO y Hero ecrb Aawa, cnpainHBaerb 
npitaatHx-b o6^ hxt> hmchb; Astore ne HasbiBaert XpHCxana, ho btj 
HeMT> caMOMi Bpeyci npH3Hajn> CBoero Bpara, o MCMt h roBopnT-b 
n.ieMflHHHut: ne 6yAb Apyroro pbmapfl, oht> ct> HHM^ 6hi xenepb 
pacnpaBHjicfl. ^iByuiKa HAerB kt> tocthmT) h saCaBjifle'rb hxt* Hrpofi 
Ha ap<i>t; TpHcxan^ 6epexT> y hch ap*y, Hrpaexi eme jyquie h aa- 
xiM^ HcnoJiHflexT> sonetto, cjoaienHbiH hm-b, KorAa ohb yanaxb 06^ 
yaoat Haoxxbi B3t> Gioiosa Guardia. IIo arpt AtsymKa npHSHaex-b 
BB HGM'b TpHCxaHa^), bt> Hewh TOTh He coanaexca; yanaBij xomt> 
Bpeycb, AonpaiDHBaexTi TpHCxana, ho oht* ofiimaexTj nasBaxb ceCa 
.iHfflb npH paacxaBaniH. Ha ApyroH Aenb, KorAa rocxH Bbi-fexajH HS'b 
saMKa, BpeycT> noAHHMaexT> mocxt> h saABHraexii bxoat*, h6o, o6^- 
flCHaexT> OHT>, BCflKift BJiofijeHHbiH pbmapb eMy sparb h ohii xaKO- 
BOMy He AOBtpflexT>. 

CjrfeAyexT* phai» npHKjioHeHiH, B'b Koxopbix-b Bbicxynaexi. Tpn- 
CTaH^ H JIanuejioxT,, Astore h Breus; Tpncxani B^ KopnoBaxi, 
noctmaexT> Hsoxxy nepeoAixbifi A'feByniKoft. Ona h TpHCxaHT> bh- 
AaxT> cowhy npeABifemaiomiH hxi> cMepxb. Ohh HrpaK)XT> B'b max- 
Maxbi H noloxT> coHeTT>, cjioweHHbiH H30XXOH; Adrette cjbimHXT> axo 
H A0H0CHXT> MapKy, Koxopbifi qepesT* okho 6pocaexT» B'b Tprcxana 
KonbCM'b MopraHbi. IlpocxHBraHCb c^ Hsoxxoh, TpncxaHi tAex^ 
al castello Dinasso; Bct cpeACXBa upoxHBi panbi xuiexHbi, Haoxxa 
ropioexT), MapKi AOBOJieni, ho snaH, hxo TpHCxany He nafitacaxb 
CMepxH, OHi> pa3»cajio6HJiCfl h no npocbfit njeMAHHHKa A03B0Jiflexi> 
eny CBHAi^xbCfl ci> ero mhjioh. Oht> oSHHwaexT) ee, n ohh yMH- 
paK)XT> BM'&cxt. MapKi oneHajieHT>; KorAa jik)6obhhkobi ooxopo- 
HHJB, H3'b rpoGHBi^bi Bbipocja BHHorpaAHafl Ji03a: oahhb en Kopenb 
B'b cepAat TpHCxana, Apyroft B'b cepAut HaojibAH ^). CarpeMopi 

*) Cj. cxoAHyio cufiny <t>paHiLy3CKaro poMana (1. II, f. GUI): A'^ByoiKa Hrpaerb 
u ooerB lais b-l npHcyrcTBiH TpHCxaHa; aax-feMT. Hrpaen* oht> caM-b; onayaHaen. 
ero no Hrp-fe. 

*) Cj. o^-b 3T0in> MOTHBt Golthcr, I.e., cxp. 27— 29; 71, 119, m aautTKii 
Gaidoz'a h Psichari bt. Melusine IV, crp. 12 h 60—62. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



208 A. B. BECEJOBCKIH, 

npBHOCBTb BtcTb oGi* Hxi> cMepTB Bi> KaMejiOTb; MapKi> BaKa3aHi> 
TtMi), HTO ero camaioTb bi> Gammo Boait TpBCTanoBOB rpoSBBabi, 
r^t oin> fl yMBpaerb. PowaHt (cxp. 524 cji-feA) KOHHaercfl paa- 
CKa30Mi> TOMi>, KBicb pa3pyineH^ Cbiji> KpyiJibiB Ctojii. 

Pa3CRa3i peAaKuiB Pblidori o CMepxH TpBCxaaa orb pj-kh 
MapKa CBOHCTBCui> <i>paHuy3CK0My npo3aB«]ecKOMy poHany sa bckjk)- 
HeHieM'B pKiL J\5 103 B efl CTaponeqaxHaro oxpaHieHiH ^). 3Atcb 
3a 3aB30A0M'b He cocTOflBiueHCH uoeABHKi [lajaMeAa ci> TpH- 
cxaaoM^ roBopBTCfl (1. II, f. CXVII): En ce temps que Tri- 
stan et Yseult estoient en la Joyeuse Garde fut entreprinse la 
queste du Saint Graal. Tristan se mist en la queste et en fut 
compaignon, et par ce eut le roy Marc Yseult et en fist le roy 
Artus la paix et fut le roy Marc deliure de prison ^). TpBCTani 
OTnpaBjaexcfl at MajyK) BpBxaHiio, PAt Kahedin, 6paxT> Tpacxa- 
HOBOB Hceubi, yHce ynep'b orb 6e3HaAea^0fl jio6bb ki> H30JbAt, a 
ApyroMy, Runalem'y (A^ 103: Ruvalen; b3a. 1520 r.: Runalen), 
TpBcxani) ^OMo^aex^ upoHBHuyxb K-b jhoGbmoS bmi Gorgeolain 
(J\& 103: Gargeolain), }KeHt Bedalys'a. Pa3CKa3'b o6i> axoMi npe- 
pbiaaexcfl AByMfl ApyrBHa: o BOBHt Tpacxana cb rpa«0Mi> Hanx- 
CKBM-b B xoMi, KaKi oui> t3AHJii> Bi Kopuyajb B B-b o6pa3i lopo- 
AHBaro (sot) BBAtJCfl xain> cb H3oxxob. IIocjtAHiB moxbbi>, coxpa- 
ueHHbiB, KaK'b Mbi BBAtjB, BxajiaHCKBMi xeKcxoMii, 3Atcb nojysa- 

6b\Tb B, OHCBBAHO, He y MtCXa, XOXfl OH'b HaXOAHXCfl B^ xoft-}Ke 

CBfl3B yme y diiJbrapAxa ^), naxoAHJiCfl, cxajio Cbixb b B-b o6u^eiii> 
BCxo^uBKt uocjtAHaro B J\& 103 = npo3aBHecKaro poMana *). 
OjitAyK)UiiH aa xiMi> ciosa HsojbAbi, BtpoaxHO, upBcoqaueubi, b6o 
HXT> H'tx^ y 3HjibrapAxa ^): H30JbAa roBopBxi) TpBCxany na npo- 
utaHbB: «Beau doulx amy, ie vous demande que sMl aduient que 



') Cji. Bfaiuie, CTp. 134 h Golther, I. c, cxp. 99. 

^ CjitAyiouufi MM^e daHaoAi* HanenaTaH-b ^ujii* Bedier (1. c. crp. 496 CJitA ) 
no pKn. A* 103 (Tb BapbiiHTaMH iisAaHifl poMana 1520 roAa. 

^) ?. 8646— 8941j cj. Ulrich von TQrheim v. 2471—2704; Heinrich von Frei- 
berg, V. 5016—5497. 

*) Ci. Bedier, 1. c, crp. 482; Lutoslawski, 1. c, cxp. 525—6. 

^) Cji. Bedier, 1. c, cxp. 486. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIB POMAHA H flOB^CTH. 209 

uouz mourez auant moy ou que uous auez mal de mort ains que 
moy, que vous vous facez mettre en une nef et vous faictes 5a 
apporter, et gardez que la moitie du voille qui en la nef sera soit 
blanche et I'autre noire; et se vous estes mort ou que ce soit mal 
de mort, que le noir soit rays deuant, et se uous n'estes mort 
et que uous soyez en plaine sante, si soit mis le blanc deuaut 
et le noir derrierew, BMtcrfe ct Runalem TpHCiaHt noctntaen. 
ffieuy Bedalis'a, Koxopbifi, npecjtAyfl He npomeuHbixi rocxeS, CHJbHO 
paHHTT* TpHCTana. Oht> noCbuaerB bt> KopHyaab Kh HaojbAt, 
qTo6i> oHa npitxajia nbJitiHTb ero, a iiocjaHBOMy HaKasbiBaerb 
(1. II p. CXXI): «se elle uient avec uous, gardez que la voille de 
uostre nef soit blanche, et se uous ne I'amenez, qu'il soit noir». 
HaojbAa t^erb, ho Mtena TpHCTaea ysHaja Taftey ero ycjiOBHaro 
3HaKa H BT> uopbiBt pcBHocTH roBopHTb My»y, HTO ^apyc^ BHAfffeeXCB 
HepHbiH. YcjibimaBi 3x0, Tpncxan-b KOHsaexca, a uaAx hhmt> yMH- 
paexi> H npH6biBmaH Memjiy riwh Hceaa MapKa. 

npocjitAHMT> oxjiHHia 3xoro 30H30Aa no ApyrHM-b xeKcxain>. 

y Eilhart von Oberge (ed. Lichtenstein), TpHcxana pauHxi* 
oxpaBJOBBbiM^ Konbeiwb (v. 9219) Nampetfenis ^), 3a atenofi koxo- 
paro yxaatHBajn. epaxi* TpHcxaHOBofi aceHbi , Kehenis (Kahedin 
npo3. poMana; Kaherdin ToMaca). TpncxaHi BwoHCbiBaexi ce6t 
nepByw H30JbAy; Aajte pa3CKa3i> xoxt> »e, wo h bo *paHi^y3CK0M'b 
poMaut. Tt Hce ooapoShocxh h HMena, hxo y Eilhart'a, noBxo- 
pfltoxcfl y FeapHxa <l>peH6eprcKaro h bt> ntMei^KOM'b npoBaHqecKOMi* 
poMaHt XV Bina^). — JIfi chx^ nop-b mm bt> npeAaniH BfirouFff. 
HepeBAeM^ kt* Bepcin ToMaca: y nero (Fr. Michel, Tristan II, 



*) Bedier, 1. c, cxp. 484—485, Ha ocHOBamH oahofo yKaaaHifl bt, pe^aRmH 
ToMaca, Atiaerb ecCbMa etpoHTHoe npeAnojioxceHie, ito Nampet^nis ne hto 
MHoe, KaKi> HenoHHToe: nain Bedenis r=Bedalis JVs 103 h nposaH^ecKaro poiiaBa; 
aa ero to menofi yzaHCBBai-b Kaherdins. ToMacb anaj-b, craio 6uTb, peAasuiio 
paacKaaa o CMepTH TpucraHa, cxo^HyH) ct> BfirouPeBoft, ho ycTpaHHjn* eS b-b 
ooibsy Apyroft. 

*) Heinrichs von Freiberg Tristan, hrsg. von R. Bechstein, v. 5719 cj*ju 
<Nampot6ni8, KAedln); Tristrant und Isolde, Prosaroman des XV Jahrhunderts 
lirsg. von Fr. Pf aff (Bibl. des litt. Vereins in Stnttg. t. CLII): Nampetenis, Gaynis 
C<k>pHK» II Otx. h. a. u. 14 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



210 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlS, 

crp. 37 cjtA.) H Bi> c'feBepHOMT> ncpecKast ero noaMbi *) TpncxaHi 
H Kaherdin (ctB. KepAHRi>) flBJiflroxcH HeysHaHBBie he TypHHpi> wh 
KopojiK) MapKy, npn HeMT> Kaherdin ySHBaerb Kariado li beals 
(bt> cart, no CMtraeHiio: Mariadok) yxaacHBaBuiaro aa H3ojh>aoh; 
iiocjt Toro TpHCTaH'b ct> TOBapHmeMT> uoMoraioTb pbmapio, Tpn- 
cxaHy — KapjBKy (Tristran le Nain), y Koxoparo Estult TOrgillius 
del Castel-Fer noxHXHjn* ateny; oahht> h3t> BparoBT> paHHXT> Tpn- 
cxana oxpasjieHHWM^ Me^ieM-b; KOHeuTj xoxt. a;e. Bt> Sir Tristrem^) 
TpHCxan^ h Ganhardin tAyxT> K'b HaojibA'b, acent Mapna, aa koxo- 
poK) xmexHO yxaaKHBaexT> Canados constable (cxpo*a CCLXXV); 
na xypnnpt, cosBaHHO^it no npocbOt Tpncxana (cxpo^a CCXCIV), 
ohtj yeHBaext Canados'a h BOSBpamaexca bt> Bpexanb, rjnh pbiuapb 
«Tristrem» (cxpo4>a CCC) npocax^ ero noMo^ib eiay Aocxaxb ooxh- 
meHHyio JKeny, a o TpHcxant roBopHxcn (CCCIV n nocjtAHaa 
cxpo4>a); 

Ac an aruwe oway he bare 
In his old wounde. 

OCpaxBMCfl xenepb ko BxopoH qacxn pyccKOH noBtcxn, ynasbi- 
Ban Ha en cooxBtxcxBifl c^ anwaoAaMH nepecKa3aHHbixT> Bbime 

xeKCXOBl. 

riocji* nepeAtJiKH cl najia»niAeHe»rb TpHCxani ci> HhoxoA 
HanpaBjflexcfl K'b ^oMOJOxy. OAna A'feBymKa npeAynpe?KAaexT> ero: 
Ha nepeAy cxohxt* Apxiym-b ct> JKeHHfipoK) n pbiuapaMH, yapaxT* 
OHH y xe6fl «HaiQ^AHeHfflyK) nanny, ycxoxAx k) y xe6e cvxhaxh mou- 
HOK) 6HXB0K))) TpHcxan'b He cJiyraaexcH h tAexT>; noA'b'feaatafl kt> 
inaxpaMi Apxypa, roBopHXT> Hacorfe: maxpbi pacnnxbi 6jih3ko ao- 
poFH, npHMO notxaxb — 6yAexT> finxna, a notxaxb cxopoHoio, cKa- 
acyxi>: «itHO seAex cxpamjBBbiH BHxes naiQrABtHmyio naHnyo; owb 
'kjifiTb npflMO, HaKasaBT* Hacoxt HHKyAa ne CMOxptxb, «hbh;^ mh* 
TpuuiaHy Membi njen, a kohk) CBoeMy He^bi ymbi»; 3ai^tnBji'b 
npotaacan sa «noBpo3bi» maxpa, xaKT> hxo oht> Bcxpflxnyjcfl. Ko- 



*) Kdlbing, Die nordische und die engHsche Version der Tristansage, v. I. 
2) 1. c. V. 11. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



D3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 211 

pOJb Cb KOpOJieBOfi CVlXtM EX TO SpeMfl 3a CTOJIOM^; BHTfl3H AHBHTCH 

iiepsocTH npo'fe3Hcaro, bbickorhjih nocMOxptTb m Hero; JIaHuejiorB, 
He ysHaBuiifi TpHCTana, «inTO 6biji bt> sSpoHw (ho no naraeMy Tencxy . 
OH^ ero paHbme h ne BHAa;n> !), XBajinx ero nocaiKy, a wiioA'iambili 
BMeHeM Feym^)), HMiBraifi aBejiBKyio xpaSpocx, a.ie MaJio cnjibi», 
HauoMHHaerb Apxiymy ero ofitmaHie: wfibix ra BHAeji HauyAHenuiyio 
naHHy, xyio mh ecH m^jit^ AaxH». Oht> yKa3biBaexT> Ha Hacoxy, 
oetmaecb npHBecxH h TpHcxana. vlanaejioxT) ero ocxaHaBJiHBaex'b: 
CKopte yBHAHmb xbi xBoero kohh, Hacxynawmaro na noBOAbfl, HtMi* 
xoro pbmapfl ycBoero cxpeMCHH. Ha;oxa bhahtti t^ymaro 3aHHMH 
Feyma; KaK'b oh^ tAex-b? cnparaHBaex-b Tpncxan^; widto Ha6op3- 
Aen KOJiKO KOHb Moacex», oxBtnaexii H»oxa; 3X0 HOBOCxaBjieHHwft 
pbmapb, roBopHXT> TpHcxaH^, cb HHiw'b jierKO 6yji,eTb cnpaBHXbCH. 
Oht> He xojbKO cCpocHji-b Teyma, ho h BejiHXT> eiay BepnyxbCfl n'fe- 

UlHM'b, BeAH KOHfl B'b HOBOAaXl H HeCH Ha Ce6b CBOK) C6pOK), KOXO- 

pyK) o6fl3aHi npHHecxH bi Aapi CBoewy rocnoABHy. YBHAtB'b bo3- 
BpamaBmarocfl Feyma, pbiaapn Apxiyma Aywaioxi, hxo oht> yCHJu. 
npotsmaro pbiuapa h ero Aawy h HarpysHJicfl AoSbixoH) c6poeH; ho' 
.laHi^ejioxTi HX'b pa3yB'fepHexT>: xo Hann> BHXfl3b cbok) ace c6poK) 
Hecexx. Apxiym-b one^ajieH'b ero nopaaceHicM'b, BejiHXT> JKeHHCp* 
nonpocHXb Anuajroxa Bbicxynnxb npoxHB'b xoro pbiuapn. Ona mo- 
jraxT> ero: «HaHBbimrabiH BHxe3H) AHT>i;3J0xe, ajia 6ora cohmh 3 na- 
ffloro nana KopojA Apxwyma xepeoB'b Beneu b y3Jio?Kbi CMHJiHoro, 
npbiBeAH K HaM xoro BHxe3ra, a xo6e 6yAex ujHarzi naHHa. Ahubjiox 
p3Kx: noHxenara naHH, Horo a«sa Mene nijeni 3axbiM BHxe3eM, 3anpbi- 
KpoK) Moew CMepxbH)?)) TiMt He MOHte OHT> Boopyataexcfl h tAex'b 
3a TpHcxaHOM^, Koxopbift, y3HaBT> oxT> Hacoxbi, hxo pbiuapb tAexi^ 
3a HHMH «xHxo cxynoK)», ptmaexi, qxo «xo ecx BHxe3b cxapwx 
BBxe3eH, rzi He BtMT>, ccjib xbi CyAem ero, a6o Moraw. Oht> ocxano- 
BB.icfl oxAOxnyxb B'b xtHH ^epKBH, CHfljT* uijeMTj; JlaHuejoxT. y3Haexi. 
ero, OHH npBBtxcxByioxi. Apyrb Apyra h B03BpamaK)xcH in> Ap- 
xiymy, FA* KasKAbift H3i hextj cn'femBXT> oxAaxb ApyroMy npeHMy- 
meexBo: TpHcxan'b roBopax'b, ixo Jlanaejioxi Cojibmifi MiMX* oht> 
BBXH3b H ero caMoro npBBejn>, «i7ik^ ejienA sa ropjio», •laHuejoxi, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fe. 



212 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

HTO TpHCxaHij He xoxtxii ero norj 6HTb, a npHBejit, tt«KT» AHtra 6g- 
qoM, Ha cxaH KopoJA ApiTHyma» *). PbioapH Apxiyma ptmaKyrx, tto 
o6a OHH poBHbi, a bi> TO»ce speMfl cyAtH cpaBHBBaiorb KpacoTj' 
TKeHHSpbi H IlHcoTbi H oTAaioTB HpeHMyiaecTBO nocjtAHei. SKe* 
HHfipa 3THMI paarHtBana, xoiet qtMi-HHSyAb «noraH6HTHi) TpH- 
CTana, npocHTb FaBaoHa Bbitxaxb npoTHBi> Hero. TpHCTaHi> ero 
cfiHBaerb, Cbexcfl bt> xeHeniH xpext Anei npoxHBt Bctxi> pbioapei 
Apxiyma, h KorAa KopojieBa CHOBa HanpaBHja na Hero Jlanaejoxa, 
roBopHXTj emy, hxo axa 6HXBa eMy ne no cepAUy, «HH»jra 6aqbiJi> 
ecH, r^KOBa mh Gbua Mounatd CsxBa 3a xbie xpbi ahh? AaH mh poKi> 
xoH 6BXBe tuAHH AeHbi). jTaHaejioxi> Aaexi> eMy nnxnaAiiaxb AHei. 

JI^iH Bcero axoro oxAtJia cji. §§ f h b (6oh cb Keux) poMana Bt 
Hameifb iiepecKaat. 

TpHCxaH^ ytsataexT*, Biutcxt cb hhmt> xoqexT> txaxb h JiaHiie- 
jioxT>, HO Kopojena yAep^HBaexi* ero : anyjH ecMO, nm Maex npbiHXH ko- 
pojb CaMicHat'b ujx Hopnoro tWcxpoBa na ABop KopojiA ApxHyiDa». 
HBjflexcA CaMCBffii, Bbi3biBaexi> na 6oh Bctxi> pbmapei Apxiyma: 
Koro ohtj CBajHXT>, xoxT> 6yAexT> bi ero BJiacxH. Ohi c6HBaexi> 
oAHHHaAuaxb HeJOBtKi, Jlanuejoxa h Apxiyma, h yBOAHxi> hxi bi> 
nji'^Hi. IIo npocb6t Jlani^ejoxa }KeHH6pa HAexi> HCKaxb Tpecxana: 
OAHHi> OHi> M0?Kexi> Hxi) ocBo6oAtixb. OAHa AiBymna roBopHxi ei, 
FA* ero HafiAXH: wBiAaem nepnoe npbicxaHHiae, a b xoro npbicxa- 
HHma HHoro cyAbA, h nepao B6aHbim cyA^HO nana TpbimanoBo 
BiiKpamouo napjbi o AoporHH H2LMeneMi>; a ecjiB ero b xoui* cyAHe 
He 6yAexb, h xbi ero xaMx nbixaH, na KOXopoM cxany Kpacy h Be- 
cejibe Ha6ojimoe yapbim, 60 xo wn jiio6hx». }KeHH6pa bxoahxI) bi> 
maxepi* TpHcxana, KOxopwH Jieacaji paneHbifi, coo6in.aexT> eiiy 
CBoeHi> Hecqacxin; KaKi ycjibimajix ohi> xomi, aB3AJi> Mtq-b bfo- 
jioBax H cxpecHyj xaK opyARO, as 3 pani KpoBi no nocxejH no- 
xeKja; h BHAeBmbi xo Hsoxa pene: Uslub xbi KopojieBatd Kopynona- 
Hara, tziKx ecH xbi npbimja ki> nafioJibmoMy BHxeaio c neqaJbHbiMB 



*) Bt* Chevalier aa lion 6aa?ain h Ivain 6i»iOTCfl Apyn> ct» Apyroirb b'b xene- 
HiH i^tjiaro AHH, He npHaHasaH oahbi Apyroro; KorAa npHSHanie coBepniBJioc^ 
KaHCAufi H3% HHX-B cutmuTb o&JMBmb ce6n no6t>ig(eHHbun>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 213 

peHMH? ToC* 6hU0 npblHTH THXO H tUTBOpblTH MAKKHe yCXa ea TH- 

XBe CeceAbi ^), Hexan 6bi ca Bexeaio cepua Ha xpaCpocx tu6poTHJio. 
Kopojeaara peKJia: IlaHH HxKOxa, »ki> eama ubicjb posna! Tbi na^ 
ayiUHenmara naHB aa CBtxe, a Maemi BOAJie cede cBoero naHa, y 
KOM HaAeK) Maem^, Tbi ero Moacem y^ibiHHXH 3AopoBa Ha6ojeH ao Ae- 
ceTH AHen, a rzi BBAeja, rA'i^ noBeAen moh naei Kopojb ApTHyini> r 
cro BHxesH. H norjAHyji naHT> TpbimaH CepAHxo ea Hatoxy aja 
penen KopojieBoe }KeHH6pbi. BtAaioHbi Hacoxa ii>6biqaH Tpbiiaa- 
HOBi), HHCT> €My MHJO Beccjie, H noxBaxHJia KopoJieByio sapyKy hdo- 
Hajia HrpaxH ropaxaocKHB xauei^i Bejiara neKHe, h jija xoro no^aio 
CA cep^^ nany Tpbimany Ha xpafipocx uiCpanaxH, h peqe FoBop- 
napy: /I,aH mh jiioxhh). H nonaji HrpaxH bcjimh oyAHe, h vv6eMa 
naHfliki H nany Tpbimany hchojihhjio ca cepua BCcejCM cjiyxaK)%i 
jiwxHH)). Oht> caAHxcfl Ha KopaCjb cb Hhcoxok), 3KeHH6poK) h Fo- 
BopHapoMT* H tAexT>; BO BpeMH 6ypH, KoxopoH CoHxcfl JKeHHfipa, 
owb pa3BjieKaexi> Bctxi) CBoeio HrpoH, xani* mxo B&k 3a6biJiH oSx 
onacHocxH. 

3nB30Ai> CaMCHiRt npepbiBaexcfl AByMH ApyroMH. 

TpHcxani h ero cnyxHHKH npHCxaK)XT> kt> ocxpoBy aBajiame- 
Hbix^» (3BHyxoBi>); xaMx aapHJia naHHa, He suaBmafl Myna h BctMT> 
npHcxaBaBniHM^ ki> xony ocxpoBy npeAJaraBmafl jih6o 6bixb jHinen- 

HblMH MyHCCKOfi CHJIbI, JH60 BtqHO XOMHXbCH Bl> XeMHBRt, KyAa HO- 

naAaexTb h TpHcxaHi. Oht> HaxoAHXT> xaMT> TOBapnmefi CBoero ne- 
cnacxiH; MeacAy TtMi> MjaAmie 6paxii xoh. nanHbi 3arjiflAtjiCH Ha 
Hacoxy (ee h JKeHHfipy TpHCxaHT> BbiAajii 3a cecxepi>) h roBopHxi, 
qxo ecjH OHa noHAex7> 3a nero, ohi> ocbo6oahxi> en 6paxa, a noKa 
AaexT> B03M0»H0CXb yBHAtxb ero. Hacoxa ycntBaexi. 3a6pocHXb 
TpHcxany bt> xeMHHuy ero Meni, Koxopbifi HOCHja «noAT> cyKHeK)». 
IIpH noMoma ero h Apyraxi ysHHKOBT* TpHCxaHt ocBoSoa^Aaexca 
hS'h 3aKjiH)HeHifl, cnfemHXTj kt> xoh naHat; a y nea 6biJT> xaKOB o6bi- 
qafi, aHiK HH npoxHB iDAHoro BHxe3A He pymbua ca 3 Bffecxua, kojh 
en TOjroMT> BAapbui. A KrAW ch cnoBCAajH w Tpbimany, a wHa na 



') Gj. TpoHBCKyK) npHTHy: npiaMi> ycnoKOHsaerb AH^poiiazy <cthxhmh 
6ec'feAaMH». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



214 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

30J0T0M ysrojiOBH) nocMbiKajia ca tdK 3MHni he Kyne, a ko^ sHACJia 
nana TpwiaaHa y ABepexT> najauy CBoero, xaKx CKoqbua bcjimh 
npyAKOj cTpexHJia cro HacepeA najiaoy, a BOAa no HoraM xeicjia, b 
noKJiAKiHyjia nepeA TpbimaBOMT>». Oirb cpyCwx en rojOBy, cnpa- 
lOHBaerb HmoTy: KOTopbift h3i> CpaTbCBi npHCBaxaJiCH ki> hcb, h 
CT> HHin> nocxynaerb xaK«e. a3KeHH6pa pene: nann, noMy xo ecH 
yqbiHHJia? Hwoxa peie: IloqcxeHara naan, w BBJKy xenep eaxypy 
nana TpbimaHa, kojih 6bix eny npaBAbi ne noBCAaia, HeBtin. mxo 
6bi CA 3 HaMH ynbiHWOD. TpHcxan-b oxnycxHjn> h OAapHJH Bcfexx 

njtHHBKOBi; OBH XOXflXl> CJtAOBaXb 3a BBMl, HO OWh BeJHXl> BMl 

HAXH no AOMaMi, «a KOxopbiH 3 Bac ycxonex nasBaxH ca naay Ah- 
UOJioxy cjiyroH), aMHOio TpbimaBOM AaHi, xony xoro BHbiHHXBxoiay 
3aMKy B xoMy npbicxaHHmy nanoMi)). Bbi3biBaexcfl Ha axo BHXH3b 
AMOAopij^). — CxoAHaro 3nH30Aa HtxT> hh bo <i»paHay3CK0M'b, hh bt> 
HxajiiaHCKOMi xeKcxaxT> (cj. Bupo^eafB § d). 

To ace cjitAyexx cKaBaxb h o cjitAyK)meMT> npHKJWHeHiH Tpn- 
cxana na nyxH K-b CaMCHaey: TpHcxaHT> npncxaexx K'b OAHOMy ro- 

pOAy, FA'i^ BCe XOpomO, 6bIJil>X0JbK0XaMl> «WABH 3paAJBBblB KpblHC- 

HaK (?), xox 6biji MHoro AoCbin* spaAOio h 6bu BHHeHi> raHfioio bh- 
xe3eM H naHHau, a xaKOBbiH u)6b]tiaH Mti^: Koauaro rocxA 3paAHe 
3a6HBajn> h cxaxKH cro 6paji». Bet ABByioxcfl TpHcxany b ero ly- 
AecflOH Hrpi Ha jnoxHt, a «KpbiatHaKi>)) 3axiBaexT> y6HXb ero, noA- 
cxeperaexx yxpoM^, KorAa ohi HAexT> ki> oe^Ant, ho H»oxa yBH- 
Atja ero bo BpeMB, h TpncxaHi 6bicxpo ci> njuM'b pacnpaBBjrcB. 
PasAaBi HarpafijeHHbiH hmij 6oraxcxBa, TpHcxaH^ tAexT> AaJite — 
H npoAOJHcaexcfl anB30Ai> o CaMCBHct. 

noA'b'fe3aKaH KT> HepnoMy ocxpoBy, TpHCxaHT> Bejiijn> ce6t b 
roBopnapy CKpoHXb ajaxbiHCKHe maxbD), yqHHHJiCH jiaxbiHHHKOM'b — 
Kyni^OM^, a H30xy h 5KeHH6py OAtJix* MOHaxHHHMH b 30BexT> hxi 
CBOHMB cecxpaMH. y CaMCHwa 6bijn> xaKoS ofibiqan, hxo pbmapH 
ero 6pajiH y 3at3HCHxi> KymtOB-b, qxo hmtj B3AyMaexcH, a KopoJib 
njaxHJi 3a BctxT>; TpHCxaHT> onacaexcH, qxo6i y Hero ne oxhhjh 

*) y Polidori (ci. Bume, cxp. 164) xaicB Ha3BaHT> KOHiomifl AonepH Ilepe- 
MOHTa, nocTaBieHHufi XpHCTaHOiii> bi> pui^apH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 215 

H»oTy H 3KeHH6py, a FoBopHapi* npocHn>, ito6x hmx AOSBOJieHO 
6biJ0 ToproBETb CB060AHO, 6e3i> onacemH HacHjifl, hto h o6tiitaHo. 
OnjBLWb pbiuapb npH3Bajii> 6biJio bI) ajaTbiHHHKt)) — TpHCxaHa, no- 
6tAHTejiH HpjaHACKaro lypHepa, ho toti> OTui^KHBaeTCH. CaMeH»y 
roBopflXTj, HTO y npifeataro Kyni^a ab* cecTpbi-KpacaBHuibi; tm 
Mon* 6bi nx-b KyoHTb. Kopojb HAerb kt> Cepory: «f3AopoB, jiaTbi- 
BHHe! TpbiiuaH noreK k ueMy h nosAopoBHJi ero, h ahbub ca Kpo- 

JieBbl BHTe3H, raK MHCTepHB TOT JiaTblHeHHR AO KpOJA KHHyJi; 3 HaC 

6bi Toro HHXTO TaKi> He BHbiHHji)). Kopojib Bacraerb bx maTpt 
o6iHxi> AaM7> bi> Hppi 3a «KpbimTajiOBbiBfH» maxMaTaMH; hto ohh 
CTOioTb? cnpamBBaerb oht>. — «He Modern mb sanjiaTHTH. H KpoJb 
peK^b: KojH 6bix xor&jii>, ra 6bix To6t abj 3a Ko;KAaro ntniKa 
eacAiajoro bhtcba, a 3a KopojA xoro KpojA ApTHyma. A TpbimaHi 
pcKi: UIto ca He npoAacT, topo He M0«ein KynHTH». ToPAa 

CaMCH3Kl npOCHTb npOABTb eMy HtKOT^: 0H1> OTMtpHTb BOJIOTOMl 

oTpu KpoT«>, a cepe6poMi CKOJibKo xoHemb, h sar&Bfb npeAJiapaerb 
HppaTb B-b maxMaTbi a Hee h o TpeTbio sacTb KopojeBCTBa. Ho 
TpHCTaHi* He yMterb nrpaTb; «« nocTaBJK) nona bi CTapniOMi> 
MecTuy, a HambiH maxH pa^ MaeM nocTaBHTH? PeKKopoJb: IlpaBbiB 
ecTi JiaTbiHeHBH, y uhxi non HaHecHeHmbiHo. ToPAa KopoJb npeA- 
jiapaerb TpHCTany SHTbca ci> hhmt> o Ty naHHy h o nojii>-KopojieB- 
CTBa, HJiH H Bce KopojieBCTBo; KOJB He 3axoHemb, h h AapoHi* 
BOSbMy . TpBCTaBi> POBopHTi>, STO He BHaerb, KaKi h na kohh cicTb 
E Bi> cCpoK) y6paTbCfl, «6o ecMH ne bbabj 6ojmoe 6BTBbi, tuAHO 
KajH CA noHHyT 6hth Hppaio^bi jaTbiHCKHe A'feTH TeKy^bi no }^lH^ax 
ApeBHAUbiMH Me<]biKaHH; TaK JIB H Mbi Maeifb? Kopojib peqe: Tbk, 
jiaTHH'bHHHe, aje Mbi 6j'AeM mejieanbiMH; Ao6pe ecH.yibiHHJi, mro 
MB €CH Tyio uyAHyw nanny npbiaej'bw. TpDCTaHT> cHapBHaeTcn kt* 
6oH), HOA'feJiaeTbBceHaBbiBopoT'b; Bejmrb othccth cfipoio CaMCHHcy, 
c<H» ne Mome npbiCTBTH CBtTjaA 36poA na jaTbincKBe nje^bio. 
Ohx HBAtBaerb cboh coScTBennbiH AOcntxH, BeJHrb npBPOTOBHTb 
CHaAo6bfl AJifl pani^ h6o potobhtch dohath (ckt* nafiojniOMy BHTeBio 
cepo CBtTa», H cb HatoTofi h JKenBCpoH BbifesKaerb na MicTO no- 
eAHHKa. Ohtj 3HaeT^, hto CMy npeACToarb CMepTb, POBoparb ohx 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



216 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

CaMCH»y, aa kojh Maio BMepeTH, BOjijii> 6bix TaHi>, rjnh bhahtl 
6ojiDi> CMepTb Moioo. Owb npocHTB BbiBecTH ApTiyma b nj'^HHbix'b 
pbiiiapeR HE HtcTO noeAHHKa, Torb corjamaeTCfl; Aniiojorb h ero 

TOBapHIUH DpH3HaJiH TpHCTasa H CMtlOTCH, 0»CHAafl 0CB060»AeHifl. 

aKopoJb CaMCHH npbicxynHJi h peie Tpbimany: Bh ca, jaTbi- 
HHHC. Tpbin^aH pene: IlaHe, HaBHbi ma. Kopojib bmuaj mchii h no- 
Haji 6pa3KaTH no 3CpoH ero roBopeiE: TaK rbHH^ a TaK ca yKpbiH, 
H 3acA pene: Xoqem jh, jaTbimiHe, tucxaBiiTfr xyK) 6HTBy, a a^th 
MHt nanny? Peie Tpbiuian: KpojK), Tbi-c Mene nay^biji Ao6pe, raRo 
nan BejBKHH, aie kojh 6bix ca mop yjio»cbiTB tux xBoero Mona, 
CMtji JH 6bix XAXH? H Kvn pene: 6cjh mohcui, ynpuBaH ca, aie 
ne ysMOffiem. Peie Tpbiuiian: A kojih 6bixi> MorT> xaxh, CMtjii jih 
6bixi? Kopoj pene: Thh. Tpwman peie: KpbJiio, nayqbiJi ma cch, 
napyn CA-H MA». HaHRnaexcn 6oh; Tpacxanx xaKx yAapHJi> Kopojia, 
qxo ttuuxnajiH CMy pyKH 3 MeqoM'b na 3eMjiK). H pene Tpbiman: Ila- 
Mexan ca Kopojio, aSbix xh pyirb ne cvKpnannxb, aje 6oj[mi> xoro 
ne yMtio. H yxBaxHjT> Mt^b cboh 3a Konea h nonec CaMcnacy 
roBopein: Horo aja cch noKHnyj Mim> xboh? 6c jh xahcok, na-mi 
xn MOH Mem,^ a xox Aan mhc. II noHspej Kpojb CaMCH»c na Tpbi- 
mana rntBHbiM u;6biHa€M. Pe^e Tpbiman: HoMy na ma xan cep- 
AHxo CMOxpbim? Ulxo ecMH xe6e noCeABJ xHxpe h MHCxdpne, nnaK 
CCMH ne BMCJii c xoCoK) noHXH, €H0 T2LKh. KopojTb pcK: IloqxeHbiH 
BHxe3K) Tpbl^^aHe, no mbipMepicxBy ccmb xeSt nosnajrb h npocHi 
ecMH 6ora, a6bixi> ne BMep narjioio CMcpxbio u;x hcocxokhx BAap- 
itOBX XBOHX H wT ivcxpoFO MCHa xBoero. YA xo6i roBopy 9ipoK> 
Biixe3CK0H>y 6bi MH CCH xoFO no6jiaj xxo 6b] MB KX) xo6e noneAaj, » 
6bixxo6tnycxHjiKopojA Apxayma Hcro BHxe3H». Hacxaexi oCmee 
Becejbe; anan Tpbiman Kaaaj npbinecxH xoe neceje, KoxopbiM ca 
CaMCHSR BecejHJ, xpyCbi, AyAM, jioxbh, ap<i>bi, apranbi, maxn, 
Bapi;a6bi BejiMH nyAne yKpameno tuCbiiaeMi rocnoACKHM, h noqajni 
BecejBXB CAD. Hmoxa npeAcxaBjinexi> Jlannejojy pbmapn AMOAapa. 

JI^M Bcero 3nH30Aa o CaMCHsrit eji. namn H3BjeqeHifl §§ e (La- 
sancis) h b (Nabon le Noir). 

Hixii HB BO 4>paBay3CK0Mi poMant, he y Polidori nenocpeA- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 217 

CTBCHHO cjrfeAyK)maro: BBTB3b H3i> <^paHiiiH (»aT KopojiA tlepeMOHTa» 
xoHerb nepeBtAETbCfl ct> TpBCxaHOM^ h cpaacent Ban>; Apyrie, 
npBCbiBmie aa TiMT> Hce, OTKasbiBaioTCH orb CBoero HaMtpeeiH. 
TpHCxaH'b paacTajcfl cb ApTypoMx; JIaHiiejorb Hcejaji* 6bi conyx- 
CTBOBaTb TpBCTany, ho Apxyp-b o6tmaexT> oxnycxBXb ero JBmb no 

B03BpaiI^efliB AOMOfi. 

3axtMT> npi-fexajiB k^ TpBCxany («yAa?) ceMb BBTflsefi, ata- 
jyioxcfl ea aCiaepAOAyra noraHBHa», jacKOBO npBHBMaiomaro bt> 
CBoeM-b npBCxaHBio.'fe Bctxi* pbmapen, ho saxtMi noABepraK)ii^aro 
Hxt MyKaM-b. TpHCxaHT> xonexTj HaKa3axb ero, caM'b npHCxajrb «y 
npHCxaHHmo CMepAOAyra noraHBHa», Koxopbifi Bcxp*»iaexT> ero npn- 
bItjbbo, noMtcxBJii> wb aqopHbiH najaii», KyAa oocbuaerb cboh) 
AOHb — pa3BjeHb rocxen Hrpoft na JwxHt, noKa HacxaHexT> Bpena 
aBKBuyxB Hx Ha MyKy». Ona HrpaexT>; Tpncxan'b nonpocHJ'b y hca 
JK)THB, Hrpaex^ xaKi, ixo ero 3acjiyraajiHCb. Ho nrpt A*BymKa 
ero y3Haja, oneMi HAOKjaAbiBaexT> oxiiy: TpBCxanx. HeAacxT> ceCa 
ocpaMHXb. CaMT> CMepAOAyriS BAexi* CectAoaaxb ct* hamT), ocxa- 
Bjnexi ero btj noKot, a Ha Apyroe Aeflb, KorAa BbraycxHjn> ero 
H3T> BopoxT), 3anep'b Hxx H roBopHXTb ero xoBapHmani, mo cnace- 
HieMi CB0HMT> OHB oCsismbi Jiflmb TpHcxany. Saxiu^ CMepAOAyrifi, 
oAyMajicfl, xoqexT>«itcpoMOXHXb»TpHcxaHa, Ha^HaJI^e^o, ofitmaexx 
Ha3BaxbCfl ero cjyrofi, t3AHXb ct> nnwb no CBtxy, a noKa npocHXT> 
BepnyxbCH bx ero 3aM0Ki>. TpHcxani corjiamaexcB; KorAa owb npa- 
6biJi, y Hero oxo6pajH opynie, a oahhi> BHxe3b 03 AaJieKa» fobo- 
pHXT> CMy, Hxo ero 3axiBaK>xT> yCnxb. Ero BOAyxi Ha Ka3Hb; bi axo . 
BpeHfl npoiaacaj'b oBBxes IlajiaMHAeHc AnyojraxBq..., HaHSojbmbiH 
Henpbitaxejib TpbimaHOB», roBopHXii, qxo ne foabxch Ao6poMy pbi- 
oapio 6e3i> 6HXBbi rojiOBy CHHMaxb. Ohb pjyMnxcH naAi) hbhi>: 
oMbi BHAajH, mxo xaxb 3a xaxA BCxynaexcAD. OcKop6jieHHbifi dXBsrb, 
IlajaMHAeHCb oxAaexi TpHcxany oahhi h3i> cbohxi Menefi, h o(5a 
BawHaioxi> pyCHXb Ha npano h Ha j^bo. CMepAOAyrift cnacca xtM^, 
Hxo CKpbiJCH Bi) DiepKOBb; TpBcxaHi> 6jiapoAapHxx IlajiaHHAeaca sa 
noMomb, xoxi> DpocHXT> y Hero Aapa. — Bee, Hero hh nonpocHmb, 
KpoMt Hacoxbi, oxBtqaexT) TpHCxan'b. A TlajaMHAeHCb xoro h «e- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



220 

TypHEA AoCbiBacT, c KHMi xoAHT AoSpbiH anpaBua, H 6bu tjt 

UIAHH KOpOJb lUT MHOFHX JitT R peHC: He TOT, MB WHblH BHTeS 
A06bIBa€Tb, KOTOpblH CBO6OAHO DO TypflaH eSAHT. A TOFAbl CBO6OAHO 

no Typean esAWb lOmop MaAepwM (Astore di Mare!), 6paT Ahe^o- 

JOTOB, CbIHl> ^OMOJIOra KOpOJA JIOKBCHCKarO. ^iBKa Tpbiii^aHOBa 

peKja: Fa* cHjia, Tyr h naMeT», Eme pa3T> noBTopaiorb cyAbH h 
Kopojib CBoe ptmenie, a A'i^ByuiKa bmt> na 9to: aCUxi moh 6o«e^ 
AoCpwH tuCbwan y HamoH CTopoHe, ne AaAyT cKOMopoxy AoCpwe 
jiwAH s-b C060K) pasMOBJiATH, AaAyT €My AyAy, Hexan bx BecejETD. 
TpHCTaH'b BbisbiBaerb flmopa, c6hjt> ero h ysHaerb, hto to 6parb 
.laHE^ejOTa; flmopi npncTaerb kt> Heny h TpncTaHy, pbmapH oti> 
HExi cTopoHBTCfl. «TpbimaH pcHe: Mbi Tpbimae h Ahuojot npw- 
peKEMbi ciOBOM pbiE^apcKHM: ^oKOJib KOHb He oaAeT, He xo^iy sicecTH 
AJiA Toro, a^eH 6yAeT pbmap HSAajieKa exaj, a ne npbicnexb, xony 
ero AOffiAaTH. Ahuojiot BHAejT> ivAHoro TpaBHHKa, a tun TpaBy ne- 
ceTb H peie: Pbmapy, tuHo CAeTb pbmep pbmepcKHMT> u;6bwa€M, 

TpeU^blT eMy KOHb K0UbIT0Ml>, a TBOH KOHb CnpaC^OBaJl CA. H u;h 

(TO-ecTb, JlaHi^e^orb) u;6poTHjr Tan moi^ho, aac €My KOHb naji; a 

AJA TOrO TO AhAOJIOT BHblHHJTb, a6bl CA pbmapCKOe CJIOBO CnOJTb- 

HHJO)>. — Cji. bt> HaniHX'b HSBJieHeHiax'b § 1. 

nocTaBBBi CBOK) naHHy KopojieBOH HBbiAaBi> ee sacbina Ilepe- 
MOHTa, TpHCTaH'b H JIaHuejiOTT> ^Ayr^* h npHfibiJiH bi Kecapiio, 
OTHHHy Tpex'b SpaTbCB-b pbmapefi, «mTO nepeA twm Cmje Ha seum 
HaHMOi^HeHmbie pwaapbiw. HMena ewb: jlnSpyH-b, HrpyHT> (y Polidori: 
Sigurans lo Bruno ^ cavaliere Agrone\ MapKo; ABoe Hsi hhxti 
yMepjo, a JlH6pyHi wCbuo copoK jtT wsrh koha u^nycTHj ajh CTa- 
pocTH, a cyjrany npbioioHHj'b, a sSpoio noBecHj, h 6bija cyjHua 
MXOM wCpocja. A 6bijia b nero acona bcjimh xopoma, hma ch 6biJ0 

U^BblTaHHAX)^). CTaBl nOAT> ropOAOBTb, BHTfl3H Hocbuaiorb eft CKa- 

3aTb, qTo6^ ona Bbinua, «MaeMi> vdabh si nac c to6ok> MtTH jh)- 
6oBx». ^Ba paaa npocHrb hx^ JlHCpynx yAajHTbCfl ct> BoroMi; 



1) Florette, Florence? Cj. sume (cTp. 76) bt> TpoflHCKoft opHTHt Vfinmany 
(vh TCRCTt MHRjoniHHa), UfienyaoKiio (yArHHa bi> Prilozi) = Avdouda, Taii-b 
H 3ji,tci> OTB-j^HaioaMfl H4>HreHiH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POM AHA Q nOB*CTH. 221 

Ha TpexiS BejHTb ^axb ce6t cyjiHuy h kohh; c<kojih cyjraoy b3ajh, 
aJK itHa MXOM nopocja, h u;6bhjh ee pyquHKaMH». TpHCTaHi> n 
JIaHaejOTB cnoparB, KOMy h3t> hhx'b BbitxaTb npoTHHT> Hero; oht> 
xoHCTb cpaHcaTbCfl ci> oCohmb BMicrfe, «t6o rzi oepsmbix BHTeaen 
BHTe3«>. CyjiHObi TpHCTana h JlaHAejoxa paameoHjHCb orb yAapa, 
aa JlH6pyH CXBaTHJI HX C KOHCM iDAHoro u;ahoh) pyKOK), a HHoro 
HHOK) pyKOK) H oojTowbij Hxi MHxyc oepeji C06010 Ha KOHH H noxpe- 
naj HX'b KoacAoro pyKoio no lejiiocTH h peK'b: G^bxe 3 6oroM, Bbi 
ecxe \jj6b. AoCpwe Bflxe3H». Cj. bi nameM'b nepecKast § h h § c. h 
nasajo poMana MejiiaAyct Rusticien'a de Pise. Oht^ HanHHaexcH 
xaKHBTb o6pa30MT> ^): Ci commence le livre du Roy Meliadus de 
Leonnois qui fu pere au bon chevalier Tristan neveu au Roy 
Marc de Cornoaille; et premierement de Braunor (Branor) le hrun 
qui avoit VI vins ans d'aage. Et comment il vint a la court le 
Roy Artus et amena une noble damoiselle avecques lui. Et com- 
ment il abati de coup de lance XII Roys et tons les chevaliers 

de la table ronde ne oncques ne le porent rerauer de selle 

Et sachiez quMl estoit si corsus que pou s'enfailloitque iln'estoit 
jaiansD. Ohi HBjiaexcfl ko ABopy Apxypa crt* npejiecxHoS AtByraKofl, 
Koxopaa oKasbiaaexcH BDooitACXBiH ero njieMHHHBi^eH, cecxpon Se- 
garades le brun, Bbi3biBaexi> Bctxi) noMtpiixbCfl ci> HRirb: kxo ero 
co6bexT>, si aura gaignie la terre et la dame qui est bien une des plus 
vaillans dames du monde. Owh c6BBaexi> Bctx^ pbiuapefi, HaqHHafl 
CT> Palamedes (filz Esclabor le mecongneuz) ao TpHcxana, Jlanue- 
joxa H caMoro Apxypa, ho 0XKa3biBaexcfl noBtAaxb, kxo oht*. JiHmb 
no3a;e Mbi ysnaeMi, hxo ohI) Hdi pbiAapeH KopojiH YxepneHAparoHa, 
oxaa Apxypa, no HMeHH Branor le Bnm, le chevalier au dragon 
(cj. Bi> Bx. xeKCxt Girone: Branor Bruni, cavaliere d'Andragon; 
y Polidori: cavaliere Agrone, Agragone = a dragone), ABOwpoA- 
HbiH 6paxT> Hector le Brun; CMy 6ojite 120 Jitxi h obi 40 JitxT>, 



^) Cj. cooTB-feTCTByfooUfi OTpuBOK'b, HaQeqaTaHHufi y Bartoli, Storia della 
letteratura italiana III, Appendice I. Cji. Girone il Gortese, romanzo cavaUereBCo 
di Rastico Rusticiano da Pisa ed. Francesco Tassi (Ferenze, 1855), CTp. 1 cjtji,.; 
CJI. 14, 18—19, 88, 53—55. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



222 ' A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

KaKTi ue 6paj!Cfl sa opyacie, ho, roBopHxt oht* Apxypy, «je avoie 
grant desirierd'esprouvervos chevaliers avant que je trespassasse, 
pour ce que il out grant renommee de chevalerie, pour ce avoie 
je talent d'esprouver les chevaliers de cest pays pour savoir com- 
bien ilz avoient de povoir, et pour savoir 11 quel estoient meil- 
leur chevalier ou li ancien ou li nouvel. Esprouve I'ay la Dien 
mercis. Si vous di que je vi jadis tels deux chevaliers qui tres- 
passez sont, que tons les chevaliers qui sont en vostre hostel pour 
qu'il fussent jusque .II. cens, ilz les aroient moult tost mis a 
la terre les uns apres les autres, si vous nommeray li quel fu- 
rent cil: li uns fu moifseigneur Hector le brun, cestui fu li ainsnez 
(= HrpyHt?), cestui fu bien parfait chevalier et puissant le plus 
qui fust a son temps; et I'autres fu Galehot le brun (MapKO?), 
voirement fu cestui le meilleur chevalier du siecle a son temps». 
3riB30A0MT> Branor le brun OTKpbieaeTCfl poMaHT> Rusticien'a, 
nepeeeAeHHbifi (nepecKadauHbiH) hmI) c(du livre monseigneur Edouart 
le Roy d'Engleterre», ^0B0pfl^^iH AaJrte h o JTauaejiOTfe h o Tpn- 
CTaHt H o6t> HTb noABHraxi, ensi que Ton trouvera escript en 
tons les autres livres. Et pource que le maistre les trouva escrips 
en livre d'Engleterre, si metra une grant aventure tout pre- 
mierement qui advint a Kamalot en la court le Roy Artus le Sire 
de Bretaingne», t. e. paacKaai o BpyHopt. B^ oSiacHeHie axoro 
pacnopflAKa cjiyacHTb Apyroe, HtcKOJibKO xewHoe Mtcxo: Etsachiez 
que ceste nouvelle aventure (o Bpyuopi) veult regarder le temps 
et les aventures qui avindrent par le temps, ceste ne seroit pas 
de mettre en escript en chief de cestui livre, pour ce que telz 
nouvelles sont escriptes en cestui livre apres ceste qui fiirent 
assez devant, raais pour ce que maistre Rusticiens le trouva ou 
livre an Roy d'Engleterre tout premierement et tout devant, en 
rtst il chief de son livre, pour ce qu'elte est la plus belle aventure 
et la plus morvcilkusc qui soit cscritte entre tons les rommans 
du iiiondeM. H TaKT> ^nHaoAT* o Kpyiiopt iipeAuojaraerb coBepnraB- 
iDHHBoi uiiorin co6brrifl poMaiia, o KOTopbixi eme CyAerb ptqb 
BDi^poAw; uoMimafl3Toniaini3c>AT* irbuauajt CBoero nepecKasa, aB- 




Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 223 

Topii noAHBHWca (cjiyRafiHOMy?) pacnopaAKy khbfh Kopojifl SjiyapAa. 
OpHrHuajii> StjiopyccKoft noBtcxH ero He 3Hajn> h ctoaji na 6ojte 
ApeBHefi TOHK* aptfliH ; ero pa3CKa3T> o JlBfipyHt vhrb BHTepecnie, 
qxo Be naxoAfl ceS-fe 6jrH3Karo cooTBfeTCXBia hh bt> cxaponeHarHOMi 
^paHuyscKOMt, hh bt> HTajibflHCKOMT> TeKCTaxT>, OHi 6pocaeTT> CBtrh 
ua OAHHT> HS'b HCTO^HHKOB'b Rusticien'a. 

CjitAyerb Bt pyccKofi noBtcTH Bcxptna c^ Fajiei^OMx Ahuo- 

.lOTOBHHeMT,. TpHCTaHT> H JJaHUeJOTb BbI3bIBaK)TI> erO Ha 60H; OHTj 

roBopHTT>, HTO Hc yMtcTb cpaHcaxbCH, HO KorAa y Hero xoxhxtj 
oxHHXb c6poK) H KOHH, fibexcfl H CBepraexT> JIaHuejioxa h Tpncxana. 
y3HaB'b, Koro oH'b cfiHJTb, owb oneiajiHJicfl, «h wt xaKT> BejiHKoe 
HcaJocxH nocxpbir ca btj mhaxh, a\vnocjie ne cjbixajiH ecMO cuHeiaTj 
»aAHoe noBecxH, ccJin wwb a6o BMep». Cj. bt> namnx^ H3B.ieqe- 
HiaxT. §§ i H g. 

Tpecxan^ ct> JlaHuejoxoMi* BOSBpamawxca kt> Apxiyniy. Tpn- 
cxanx* npon^aexca ct> hhmt> h *AexT> ct> Hwoxok) bt* KopnoBajib, 
TA'fe, nepeAanaa ee MapKy, roBopHXT> eMy: «KopojiK), Ma€nn> mh 3a 
Hee AAKOBaxH, mxo ccmh xo6e ee ApyrHH pa3T> laeiOM Ao6biJ!». 
MapKT> o6paAOBaHT>, AaexT> emy wKJiioHbi CBoero KopojreBCXBa», a 
H«oxa yBtpHjacb B'b npaBAt BparHHH, Koxopyio npannMaex^ bt> 
6djn>myK), H'hu'b npescAe, jiK)6oBb. 

Bt> xo BpeMH pasaecjiacb Btcxb, qxo coSHpaexca xypHHp-b «y 
IlasapaHCKOH 3eMJiH noA ropoAOM BapoxoM. Bojajia>ero lUAna nanHa 
Ha HMA HHcoxa 3 6ejibiMH pynaMH, cuahofo KopojiA AoqKa». Tpe- 
cxani tAexT, xyAa, c6BBaexT, pbmapA aJIbBOBa 3HaMeHAtt, Kjhmx- 
6epKa» H y6HBaexT> 6pAeHa, fipaxa aHHOXbi, «mxo 3 OejrbiMH py- 
KaMH». PaneHbiH, ohi» 'i^Aex'B «b onaxHio. A b xoxi> nacb npbimoji 
eMy jracx wt KpacHoe Hmoxbi roBope^bi: riane, raK pwCa (5e3 BOAbi' 
He MOKe 6bixH acbiBa, xain> a fies xe6e ne Mory acbina 6bixH. 
H TpbimaH u;x BejiHKoro CMyxKy h idx pan coMJ-fejix, BaHioacb fibiJio 
AHBHO, wK'b Mor xepnexH xaKOBbie panw, 6o KpoB c nero BeJMH nua. 
H urrnpaBHj ao Kopoja MapKa c xbiM^: flaae aaako, ne Mory 
exaxH a hh cxepnexH, mxoC'b ma hccjih; ecjH-M BaMi Ao6pe nocjy- 
mbu'b, eo^e Mosce Mene BaM noxpeSa 6bixH, nomjiH mh KpOjeByio 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



224 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

HsROTy, aHeH 6bi ma 3Jie4bija, mm uiea jitKapicTBo Ao6pe yMter, 
a va Jiemy e naaapencKOH seMjra noji rpajioii BapoxoM. Kopoj 
MapKO u)TnycTHii> Vlmory BAAHHe, b u;Ha nomja sejiMH 3 Becejbiifb 
cepi^€M, a npEiraoAoibi noHajra ero jieqwiH, mro Morjqw. Hne BtM, 
ecjra CTbixpaH Bbi3AopoBejrb, a6o ran BMep^b. IIoTyjb kju rbm nHcaHO». 

9pABui> npHBCAeHHafo 3iin30Aa, KOTopbiMi> 3aKjK}«iaeTCii eaina 
noBtcTb, HecoMotHHO OTB-feqaerb Ghedino, Gheldino y IIojhaoph 
(«tpaHu. Kahedin, KepABHi ctaepHOH earn; cji. y Haci> § a), KaKT> 
Ha3BaHi> TaMi 6parb fitjopyKOH HsoiTbi; ocTajCH h MOMeurb BpaaiAbi 
KT> HCMy TpBCxana, ho bch o6cTaHOBKa Apyraa; xypHHp^ HanoMH- 
Haerb xaKoft ae, cosBaKHbift Hsottoh (ho — acenoH MapKa), no 
npocbCt TpBcxaHa, bt> Sir Tristrem. 

CooTBtxcTBie nocjtAHefi qacxB naniero xeKCxa, xaMi, ta* ero 
njaHT> oxKJOHaexcfl Oxt> pacnopHAKa *paHay3CKaro h HxajiancKaro 
poManoBi), jierqe Bcero Bbipa3BXb nocitAOBaxejibHOcxbio, bi> KaKofi 
flBJHioxcfl Bi nepBOMi oxAtJbHbie 3nH30Abi nocjtAHHX'b: f (b), e 
(b; CJI. d?), k ^ n, m, j, 1, h (c), i (g), a. 

Fa* cjioJKHJiacb xaKafl bmohho iiocjtAOBaxejrbHocxb? Bi cep6- 

CKOM'b XeKCXt, nOAJHHHHKt Hamen), HJIH B-b HXaJbflHCKOM^ opHPH- 

uajri^ nepsaro? He BMtn bo3mo»chocxh npHMO oxBtx0Tt> na axoxi> 
Bonpocx, orpaHHqBMCfl HtcKOJibKBMH coo6pa»:eHiflMH. PaaSBpaB co- 
cxaBi pyecKofi noBtcxH, Mbi 3aM'fcxHXH ero AB0HcxBeHH0cxl»: nep- 
BbiB % en coAepnaHiB npeACxaBRjiHCb h^m-b AOBOJbHO 6jh3KHmi> 
nepeBOAOMTj KaKoro-xo, BtponxHO, HxajiancKaro poMana; nocjitAHaa, 
no oxHoraeHiK) kt> CBOCMy njany, ne yc-itAHMa hh bt> oahomi H3T> 
RdBtcxHbixii sanaAHbix-b opRrHuajOB'b h, ocoCjbbo ki> KOHoy, oCaa- 
pyHHBaexT> np|eMbi cnimHaro, coKpamaiomaro nepecKa3a. Sra 
ABOficxBeHHOcxb HOAAep»BBaexcH cooxBixcxByiomeK) abohcxbch- 

HOCXbK) HtKOXOpblXTi C06cXBeHHbIXT> HMCH^: BT> nCpBOH TOCXH KCUX 

HaBBaui: Kenutm (MO^eexi 6bixb: KeBamii?) cmoAhuuKh bjb Feami, 
Genifevre — BeAueepa; bo Bxopofi — nepBbii: Peytuz nodnamiu, 
Bxopafl — JEeuuGpa, Y aBxopa cep6cKofi nostcxH 6biJ0, cxajo 6bixb, 
noAi> pyKaMR ABa HxajiaHCKBXi opHrHHaaa poMana, Hjra ABa bxi 
nepeBOA^j oxBtqaioiABX'b AsyM^ uaMt^eHHbiM'b HauB lacxHs^b ero 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



n31» BCTOPIH POM AH A H nOB*CTB. 225 

KOMnHjfliuH. On-b Hxi> coeAHHBJii, H He ewy m cit^yeTi sMtHHTb 
oco6eHHOCTH HJiaHa, bi kotopomt* HBJifleTCfl y Hero coAepacanie ero 
BTopofl HacTB? Hto 3Ton> ojaHi 0CTaBBJT> Bi ero xeKcrfe cjrfeAw 
ApeBHHFO pacnopHAKa, HaxoAHBuiarocB bi> ero HCTOiHBKaxT>, TOMy 
CBHAtTeJibCTBOMTj ftepeoH, no Hamefi noBtcxH, Bcxptqa TpHcxaHa 
ci> JIam^ejioTOMi>, npH qeMi OKaabiBaexcfl, ?to ohh yme anawmd 
ApyrB Apyra. Koe-qero aeTopt moi^b He AOSHaxbca bt* cbohxt> 
Hcxo<iHHKaxi>; fl ButK) Bi BHAy CKa3aHHoe rajeut: cine cjbixajH 
ecMo w HeMTj HjaAHoe noBecxH», o CMepxn TpHcxana: wnoxyjib u; hcm 
DBcaHOn; BHoe OHi Mori> npHBjeHb B3i> ueH3BtcxHbixi> MHt pascKa- 
soB-b: Bi> dnfl30At nocjitAHeAfb xypnHpt TpHcxana pbii^apb JbBOBa 
aHaweBH (Yvain?) h KjBM6epKT> He Moryxb npBHaAJieH;axb ero 
jHHHOMy H3o6ptxeHiK> *). Bojite CBo6oAHOMy oxfloinemio Kb nocjrt- 
AOBaxejibHocxH pa3CKa3a oxBtqaexi> b 66jibmaH CBoSoAa bi> cxbjh- 
cxH^ecKOH o6pa6oxKi Bxopofi qacxH: r yKa3biBaK) bt> npHMtpT> Ha 
caeHbi 6oH ci> CaMCHmeMT), Ha xypHnpi y IlepeMOHxa, Ha 3nB30Ai> 
o JlflCpyHt — BT) cpaBHeHiH ct> cooxBtxcxayiomBMH y Polidori u 
Bi> nepeA'tiJiKt Rusticien'a. Bo BceMi> diowh 6ojte uapoAHbiX'b 

KpaCOK'b, HtMT> B-b HOpBOH MaCXH HOBtCXH, XOXH BO BCCMl XCKCXt 

qyBcxByexca pyna cepficKaro nepecKa34HKa h HepaBHbiM-b oSpaaoMi. 
pacnpeAi^JieHHoe cxpeMJienie occp6Bxb Hxajian^KiH poMaHi. CioAa 
oxflocaxcfl xaKia 4>opMbi, KaKi Epynopoeuu^^ MuwAomoeuHh (o6t 
<i>opMbi BO BxopoH lacTH DOBtcxB); 3araAOHHoe (najraMHAescb) Ana- 
nAumuHh (bt> oCtHx-b 'lacxnx'b), oxHocamee nacb kt> KjacHHecKHin> 
BOcnoMBHaniflMi o Nauplias, oxut rpesecKaro IlajaMeAa: (AJny- 
nAumuny oxBtiaexT> Naupliades, (th\wh HaBiuia. Kan^ nonajo 
€K)Aa 3X0 KJaccB^ecKoc o6o3Ha4eHie— ne 3Haio; bo <f>paHay3CK0M'b 
poMaHt 1. I f. XXX DajiaMeA'b c<filz a Clebor mescongneux; ib. 
f. CV: wEsclabor le raescongneux)). K^ cep6H3MaMT> oxhochtch 
^me nmaKU u Canu; bI) nepBOH nacxB escuier nepoAaexcH aaoBaMH: 



1) Hma MapKa, 6paTa JlM6pyHa h Hrpyea, cTapux-b (>aaBHi>ixi> BHTflsefty 
«ABa ;iH DpuHaAJeH(MTi> KaKoify-HM6yAi> JiHTeparypHOMy HCTOHUMKy, a CKop'fee'n'i- 
ceBHOny apcAafliio — o MapK'fe KpaaeeuHt. Bi> ochob^ mofjio .lentaTb KaRoe- 
aH6yAi> co3ByHHoe co6cTBeBBoe hma. 

C60PHB&1 II Otx. H. a. H. 15 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



226 ' A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

lOHaKi, xjioneAl, naxoj(^Ki>, bo BTopoH HSjfleTCfl sMtCTO hhxi: 
onpsBua. Moacerb 6biTb, h 6aHh EauoKCfciu (Ban de Benoic) na- 
noMHHjn> cepCcKOMy peAaKxopy 3HaK0Mbm eMy THTyjn> 6aHamcKaio 
6aHa. ropomuHCKiu maueuhj KOTopbiH flcnojH^iorb KopeoBajibCKiH 
aaHHbi Bi qeCTb TpecraHa, topomancfciu maueuz, KOTopbiS Hrpaerb 
(xo-ecTb, njflmerb, bsabuih 3a pyKy 3KeHB6py) ^soTia, qroCbi 
pasBjie^b ero, eABa jh ae bocxoahtT) ki cepCcKOTy opo (= xopo). 
Cji. Kb TpoflHCKoS npBTqt: aBb HiKbiH AbHb noBCAe Ejiena Aapnaa 
A^BBUA xopo mpamun (xeKcrb MnKJOiiniqa))) ; «th ch 6ojIh b TpoH 
mau'm mpamu c rocnaMHo, roBopBrb Ejiena Ilap^cy (Prilozi). 
Cjobo gigante nepeBeAeuo 6buo b Aane bohbto bi^ CMbicjii co6- 
CTBeHHaro BMeHB cjobomi> wpmu9 = cep6cK. opsjam. Cjiobo 3to, 
nHfflerb mh* H. B, flrB^'b, — no BHABMOMy, Sojite pacnpocxpa- 
neno no ciBepHbiMii o6jacTflMi> BSbma, y xopBaTOBi>, bi oco6eH- 
HOCTH KafiKEBueB'b, itM-b Aajte na wrb. y Byna ono ee npBBOAHxcH, 
HO y IIonoBBqa ecxb, paBHo KaK-b y Bi^ocxikHiia h HMSpeuiB^a, 
AByxi KafiKaBCKHXi jieKCHKorpa<&OB'b. Y cjoBenaeBi (b^ cJOBapt 
FyxcMaHHa b HnemBHa) nHmyxi orjak bm. orja§. MHKJomH<ii> cih- 
xaexi> dxo CJOBO aaflMCXBOBauHbiMi BS^b MaAbBpcKaro 6rid§ (opinm-b; 
CJI. oKOHHania bt> grabancija§, birta§ = mBHKapb, B3t> Wirthshaus), 
a nocji^AHee cSjiHacaexx Cb BxajriancKHM^ orco, Bcn. ogro, huerco, 
*paHU. ogre, xorAa KaKi HBxaKT> (Cihac, Dictionnaire d'^tymo- 
logie daco-romane. filaments slaves, magyars etc., a. v. uriAs) 
eABa .IB npaBAOuoAo6uo npofl3BOAHxi> ero oi^ ApeBHe-utMeuKaro 
unbiur, ungahiuri== Ungeheuer. HrBmcnpauiBBaexi: ne ecxbJB 
MBAbBpcKoe 6rids nepeAtjKa cep6cKaro opjaxRH, bii cbok) onepeAb 
saBMCxBOBaHHaro bst* cpeAnerpe^ecKaro /wptaTY); = rustico, gros- 
solano, incivile? IIpaBAa, Byin> oe'bflCHflexi opjaxBH = Halunke, 
HO cABajB xoHuo. Satftsy oxi> ce6H, qxo ecjB tupam'b = opBJaui, 
xo nepBoe cjobo Momerb 6bixb oS'bBCHeuo BCKaHeHieMi>, npBHaA- 
je«au;BMi> 6tjopyccK0My nepcBOAHBKy bjb nepeuBCWKy. 4xo 
Bi> HxajiaHCKoifb noAJRHHBKt Morjo cxoflxb orco bjb ogro Bsrbcxo 
gigante — npcADOjaraxb HtxT> hcoCxoahmocxh. 

Bi 3nB30At CaMCBmt TpBCxan^ nepeoA^Tb nynaoMi-jaxBH- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA R nOB*CTH. 227 

HHKOail> HJIH JiaTHUflHOMli, TO-eCTi>, HC CTOJIbKO pOMaHUeMl), CKOJbKO 

KaTOJ[HKOMi>. 0TKa3biBaflCb ovb Hrpbi BT> maxMaTbi, sa HeyM^HieMi, 
OH^ roBopHTb CHMCHHcy: «m nocxaBJUo nona b cxapmoMij MecTuy, 
a HHiubie uiaxH rjit Maen nocraBHTHw? Sacerdos, presbyter^ episgo- 
pus 6biJH o6o3Ha<ieHieMi> ntmeKi) bi> cpcAHeBtKOBOH oiaxMaTHofi 
erpi^'); bt> HeiucKOMT> xpaKTarfe o aen en B3o6ptTaTejieMT> flBJineTCfl 
KcepKCb ^HJOMerop^, AaBmifi otuiKaMi> h hxi> Ha3BaHifl: akrdle, 
kr41ovu, kmeti zemsk6, jimi my popi riekdme ^), rytiete kralovy» 
H T. A.; «popy nazyvdme v §achov6 hte to kamenie, jfmJ onen 
mudfec kmeti zemske mienil, m6dr6, star6, rozomn6 v prdviech, 
jeSto ddvnym obycejem a pfihodami zkusili rozliiSnych vSci a fitli 
kronyka a psanA prdva, a k tomu smysl majice prifozeny hodni 
8U a hotovi k stateSn6 rad6, jstic chvalnych oby£ej6v a §lechetn6ho 
6mysla, jim2 £es< a pravda mild. — IlepBoe Mtcxo oxi Kopojifl h 
KopojCBbi 3aHHMaK)xi noiibi. Nemienif kne^i tu popi, ale starce 
m6dre, urozene, byvale v pHhoddch, rozomn6 v prdviech. Takovif 
vse maji byti pK krdli, aby mel krdl pri sebe vidy statefinti radu. 
Bxopoe Mtcxo npeAocxaBJiefly pbmapK) h x. a. ^). 

TpHcxaHi roxoBT> nocxaanxb noiia aa nepBoe mtcxo, oneBHAHo 
3axtM^, Hxo6bi aBxop^ Mon> Bt JiHut CaMcnma ofijiHinxb ero mhh- 
Moe HesHanie: wnpaBbin ecx^ jraxbiHeHHHw, roBopBXT> owb eny, y hhx 
non HaqecHeHmbiH!» EABa jh axa oxnoBtAb npnHaAJeacHxi> Hxajian- 



1) Cji. W. Wackernagel, Kleinere Schriften I: Das Schachspiel im Mittel- 
alter, cTp. 110. Ki> juTepaTyp-fe inaxuaTHOli arpu bi^ cpeAHia stna cj. H-feiceuKiH 
nepeAtJKH HKOsa de Cessole (Solatium ludi scaccorum, Huaie: Liber de moribus 
hominum, Han. ok. 1290 ro^a) KoHpaAOifb von Ammenhausen (1337), HnoBoirb 
Meouel (HSAanu F. Vetter'oicb: Das Schachzabelbuch Kunrats von Ammenhausen, 
MOnchs and Leutpriesters za Stein am Rhein. Nebst den Schachzabelbachern des 
Jacob von Cessole und des Jakob Menuel. Bibliothek ftlterer Schriftwerke der 
deutschen Scliweiz, hrsg. von J. Baechtold u. F. Vetter. Ergftnzungsband), anxo- 
poin» Mittelhochdeutsches Scbachbuch (ed. Sievers bt, Zeitschrift f. deutsches 
Alterthum, XVII) m iieficTepoM-b Ingold'oMi>, Das guldin Spil. Cji. Zeller, Die 
t&glichen Lebensgewohnheiten im altfranzOsischen Karlsepos. Marburg 1885, 
crp. 59 CJ'^A. 

2) no HtMetucH osHaHeaHue ntuiRu HaabieajHCb adie AlteuD (Wackernagel, 
1. c); B-b cjoBapt Hna PocKOzauaro: pop = arippus. 

') Cj. Knizky o hre sachove, k tisku upravil F. Mencik (V Praze, 1880), 
cxp. 5, 8, 28, 43. 

15* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



228 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, H3Tj HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 

cKOMy opHrBHajy n ne o6jiR<iaerB BtponcnoetABOH tohkh sptHi^ 
cep6cKaro nepeBOA^HKa — He caaTHHHHKa*). 

OcxaHOBHMCfl HaKOHec^'b Ha dnmojii o CMepAOAyrt «noraHHHt». 
HMfl HanoMHHaeTL MHi^ MtcTHbiH iiy6poBHBaKifl jereHAbi, CMimaH- 
HbiH ci> MOTHBaMH HTajibflHCKapo poMaHa H 3aueceHUbifl Bi OAHy Ay- 
6poBHHUKyK) jitTOHHCb XV BtKa \). FIoAT* 783 FOAOMi xaMi. pa3- 
CKasbiBaexcH : aFurono fatte due statue a Raguxa per un signer 
Francese Rolando, qual fo victorioso qui appreno Raguxa djedro 
Locrema circa dieci miglia, over (ov'era?) preso uno Corsaro 
delli Saragini per nome Saragino Sjmzenth, Qual statua fece 
Orlando de tutti duo: le que statue feze fare dove fo ponto, per 
lo qual si pkssava a Raguxa. Perchfe li feze a quel loco? Perchfe 
in colpo non si poteva abitar per caxon sua, e lui si fece al ponto 
perclie fo liberator dela nostra patria Raguxa. Et statua de 
SwardO'duxzi (puzzolente) Saragin fo fata ale porte de nostro 
Arsenal per caxon, perche li Raguxei an ajutato Orlando con la 
galia e con due fuste; qual Raguxei prima vittoria an fato con 
ajuto de Orlando». — Swardo-duxzi n oeiBCHnji-b, Ha ocHOBaniH 
napajJiejibHaro: Saragino spuzente h rjoccbi puzzolente^ HCKane- 
HieMi H3i> Smardoduxzi, KaK^b wh pyccKoui anoci xaxapbi, He- 

XpHCTH, HBJIfllOTCH HC TOJbKO OOPaHblMH («nOraHHHT>»), HO H CMCp- 
AHUIHMB: CaMOpOAOBHqaMH (=CMOpOAOBHqaMH), CMapaAOHOBRHaHH. 

IIpeAnoJioaceHHOMy Smardoduxzi OTBtnaerb GMepdodyiiu nameH, 
TO-ecTb, cep6cKofi noBtcxH; xoxt> — Kopcapi, ^xox^ jiacKofi 3ajiy- 
qaexT> ktj ce6t npi'fe3«Hx^, qxofibi npeAasaxb hxt* HCxasaniHM'b; 
xoro HaKa3biBaexT> PojraHA'b, axoro TpHcxaHT>; xaiwb h 3A'fecb oah- 
HaKOBO coeAHHCHie MtcxHbixi. oaMflxefi ct> repoBMH h HMenaMH jh- 
xepaxypHaro, HxajiaHCKaro npeAama. MoatexT> jih bcc axo onpaB- 
Aaxb npcAoojoffieHie, ixo opHPBHajia StjiopyccKofl noBtcxn naAO 
HCKaxb wh Papy3i hjh ea ofijacxH? 



1) Cm..mok> aaM^TKy: XopeaTCKia ntcBU o PoAoeiaBt IlaBaoBBH-fe h HTajiae* 
CKiH nosMU rfltBBOMT. Pa^o, BT. «ypH. Mhh. Hap. npocB., 1879 r., HHBaps, 
CTp.9— 10; Die Rolandsage in Ragusa bt. Archiv f. slav. Philologie, V, cxp. 468— 
469; IO«HO-pyccKifl 6iJjiBBbi, bud. II, cxp. 74, npHM. 1. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



11. 

BOBO. 

CTapo-4>paHay3CKafl Chanson de geste o Bueves d'Hanstone ^), 
KT> KOTopofi BocxoAHTT), npH DocpeACTBt HTajTiaHCKHxt Bepcifi, 
uama CKasna o Eoet KopojieBHqt, eiii,e He esAaHa bj* nepBHqHOMi> 
TeKCTt, KaKT> He H3AaHa h en nepe^i^Ka bi> opo3i&^ Bcrptqaioii^aHCH 
BT> pyKODHCflxi, H He ODpcAifeJieHo efl OTHoraeoie Kb xeKcxy, Hane- 
qaxaHHOMy Michel Lenoir'oMT> (Le livre de Beufves de Hantonne 
et de la belle Josiamie. Paris, 1502). nepecKaaii ApeBHeS no3Mbi 
noMtmeH^ BT> Histoire litt6raire de la France, t. XVIII, p. 748 — 
51, H Bi KHHpfe PafiHbi ^), jiymnewh noKa Hscji'feAOBaHiH pasjraq- 
HbixT» peAaKiuH 4>paHi;y3CK0H anHnecKofi ntcHH, KOTopofi cy«AeHO 
6bij!o cxaxb y Hacb napoAHOK) KHHrofi. 

IlepBOHaqajibHoe Mtcxo AtHcxBia uepBoft noM'feiaajocb, no iQ)eA- 
noJioaceniK) PafiHbi (cxp. 123), rAt-HHeyAb na rpanHut <l>paHaiH h 



^) ^ pyKooHCflX'B cj. aoMtTKy p. Meyer'a bt* npeAHCJOsiii ki* Daarel et Beton 
(bt> H3AaHiH Soci^t6 des anciens textes, 1880 r.), CTp. XXI, npHM. 1. Ha^aTejib 
OTHOCHrb 3T0Ti> poMaBii, paacKasbiBaiomifi o c^b^ Bueve'a, c-b abhuicb noApa- 
xcaHieMi* poMany o Docji'i^x^eirb, ko speMeHH okojio 1200 ro^a him ki> KOHiiy 
Xn B-fexa (cj. CTp. XXIX). Ecju TaKi, to chanson de geste o Baeve'i oht> chh- 
Taerb 6oite ApeBnett; P. Paris (Hist. litt. de la France, t. XYIII, CTp. 701, 
npuM. 1) apiypoHHBaaT> ee ki* nojOBBH'b XIII Bi^Ka. — Otpuboki* Bueve'a no 
BaTHKaBCKott pyKonHCH BaneiaTan'B Cuai* A. y. KeUer'oifb bii ero Romvart, 
crp. 403—411. 

^) I Reali di Francia. Ricerche intorno ai ReaH di Francia per Pio Rajna 
segnite dal Libro delle storie di Fioravante e dal cAntare di Bovo d'Antona. Bo- 
logna. 1872. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



230 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

FepMaHiH; jBmb no3»e ee npiypoHUJiH Kb AerjiiH, BtpoflTHO, aHrjo- 
HopMaHCKie nteii^bi; oiryAa BT>Hefi ynoMHaanie Londres, hmh Bub- 
rejibua h qTi>flBjeRHafl Bpanc^a kI) iipjiaHAaaMii. 

CoAepHame en cjifeAywmee : IIo yroBopy Brandorie, Doon de 
Maience, en jK)6oBHHK'b, yGHBaerb ea My»ca Gaion de Hanstone h 
BOABopflercfl BT) ero ropojit. Bueves, MajojtTHifi cbiHi> GuioD'a? 
ocxaexcfl H*KOTopoe speMa npH ABopt, ho 3aTfeMT> Maxb nopy^aerb 
AByMi CBOHMi npHfijiHsceHHbiM'b yAajHTb ero, h ohh npoAaiorb ero 
Kyni^aM'b, KOTopbie bi cbok) oqepeAb Beayrb ero bi Aubefort, bt* 
ApMflHCKoe uapcTBO, H Ta»n> npoAawrb aapio Hennin. JloHb noc- 
jtAHflro, Josiane, BJioGjifleTCfl bi Bueves, owb bi eee; nescAy 
T^m> Ha Hermin HAerb bohhok), b^ coK)3t ci Braidamont, aapeHi> 
^aMacKa, IlepcHACKifi aapb Danebus, KoxopoMy oxKasano 6buo B'b 
pyK* Josiane'bi. Hermin bshxi B'b njiiffb, ho Bueves HBJHexca na 
Bbipy^Ky: BepxoMi na Arondel oh'b noSHsaexi BparoBi. Hermin 
ocBoCoaaeHTj, ho Asa npeAaxejfl AOHOcnrb eny o BsaHMHoft ckjoh- 
hocxh AByxTj MOJOAbixi jnoAefi, h offb njaxHXT> Bueves'y HepHOio 
He6jaroAapuocxbK): nocbuaexi ero ki> Braidamont'y c^b nHCbMOMi>, 
B'b KOxopoRfb HaKaabiBaexT, emy ySnxb nociaHHaro. Bueves HAexii, 
aaKjrioseH^ bi xeMHHoy, oxKyAa cnacaexca no npomecxBin HtcKOJb- 
KHX'b jitTb. B'b a*pHKaHCKOMi TopoA* Moubxaut oH'b naxoAHxi 
Josiane'y cynpyroH Kopojfl Yvorin'a — xojbKO noHMenp. BjiioCjieH- 
Hbie cno3HajBCb h fitryx'b; Yvorin HOCbuaexi 3a hhmh bi> noromo 
BejHKana Achopart, Koxopbifi, SyAyw no6'feacAeHT> Bueve'oMi, co- 
Fjamaexcfl, no npocb6'j^ Josiane, KpecxBXbCfl h npacxaxb Kb bbmI). 
Bftiicxt OHH oxnpaBJiawxcfl B'b KgjbH'b (Cologne), fa* Bueves ace- 
HHxcfl Ba Josiane, nocjri^ ^ero, ocxaBHB^ e6 na none^eniH ahah- 
enHCKooa, OH'b tAerb bi Hanstone, B'b 3aM0K'b CBoero AflAbKH 
Soibaut^). 3A'i^cb no ntKOxopoMii BpeMeHH ohi> oxKpbiBaexca cbohmi 
ApysbflMT. H BMicxt cb Soibaut h ero cbmoM-b oxnpaBjflexca bt» 
KgjbHT), oxKyAa npHB03Hxi> Heny. BepnyBmHCb B'b Anrjiiio, OH'b 
npHHHMaexcfl BoeBaxb opoxHB'b Doon, KoxopbiH, ne 3Hafl, hxo bi> 



^) B'b saTHKaHCROifb cnMCK% y A. v. Keller'a, 1. c: Seinber. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



I 



H31 HCTOPIR POMAQA H nOB^CTH. 231 

HHCJt ero BparoBi> HaxojiHTCfl b 3aK0HHbiH HacjtAHHKi Guioa'a, 
HAerb BT. JIoHAOHT* aajOBaTbca ea Soibaut Kopojio BHjhrejbMy. 
Kopo«ib npHKadbiBaerb ofiBHHflCMOMy npe^CTaTb nepeAi> aero, b 

TOTb BBIBeTCB BT> COOemeCTBt Ch BuCVeS, KOTOpblH TOBOpHT^, KTO 

OH-b, H Bx CBOfo oqepeAb odBHHflerb Doon'a bi> npeAaTejibCKOMi> 
ySificTBt OToa. HasHaqen^ Bo^ifi cyA'b, na KOTopouii Baeves ySe- 
Baerb Doon'a, a aarfeMi BOSBpamaeTCfl bt> Hanstone, rAt no ero 
npHKaaaHiio iiaTb-H3ftrfeHHBaa saiaioqeHa B^b TeMHHoy. IIoKa Bueves 
noStAOHOCHO dbOTCB ci HpjaHAuaMB, BjiflHie Doon'oBofi poAHH 
pacrerb npB ABopt, h obb noMbirajflicrb, Kani 6bi OTMCinxb Bue- 
ves. Cjiyqaft npeACTaBjflexcfl caMT> co6ok). Bueves npHrjiameffb 
Bi J[oHAOHi> na npasAHHK^ nocBHmeHifl bi> pbmapH cbina Kopoja, 
Hugues; Bi>cKa<iKt bi, sanycKn KOHb BoBbi, Arondel, AajieKo ocra- 
Bjaerb sa co6oe ApyrBxi; Hugue'y ohi nparjaayjicfl, OH'b npo- 
CHTb Bueve'a ycTynHXb emy ero, ho xorb ue xoHexT> paacxaxbca 
c-b noAapROMi> Josiane'bi. KorAa no Hayu^eRiio poABHefi Doon'a 
wHoma nbixaexca uoxBXBXb kohh, xoxt> y6HBaexT> ero; Kopojb xo- 
4exi> opeAAxb Bueve'a CMepxe, ho 3aiitHHexi> e& H3rHaHieMi>; ci> 
uRMi BMtcxt oxnpaBjflexcfl h Josiane. Bypa 3aH0CBxi> bxi> no 
6JH30CXB Monbrant'a, fa* B^jtcy Josiane poAHXT> AByx-b cwHOBei 
H nocjt pa3Hbix% npHKJiioieHiH nonaAaexi> BMtcxt ci> AtxbMH bo 
Bjacxb Yvorin'a, xorAa KaK-b Bueves h Tens, CbiHi, Soibaut, 
cnacjHCb H npB6biJiH bi Sivele. 3Atcb Bueves 0Ka3biBaex^ Kopo- 
jeBt 3HaHHxejbHbia ycjyrn na Bofiat, npBHywAOH'b aceHHXbca na 
aeH, HO cb Hefi ne »eHBexi> h na nocxejH uemjiy hhmh BcerAa le- 
auTTb Meq'b ^). — Hepe3'b ntcKOJibKO jrfexT> Soibaut oxnpaBjaexca 
HCKaxb CBoero rocnoAHaa; 6ypa npBHOCBx^ ero kt> Monbrant'y, 
TAt 0HT> ocBo6o«AaexT> Josiane'y h Atxeft h BMtcxt ct> hbmh bo3- 
apan^aexca bi Hanstone. MencAy xtMi oxjaAtji b ratBi Bfljb- 
reJbMa, b ohi> ae xoJbKO KpecxHxi> cbiHoaefi Bobo, ho oabofo fl3'b 
RBxi), KaKi» CyAymaro aacjitAHBKa caoero npecxojia, Ha3biBaexi> 



^) Cji. Tyme noxpo^HOCTb B'b poMaH'i^ o TpHCTaHt, Bume, CTp. 199, nptfii. 2; 
Coaqain, Contes populaires de Lorraine I, cTp. 79. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



232 A. H. BECEJIOBCKin, 

CBOHM^ HMeHeMi>. Oht> opomaerB n oxiiy, h Josiane ci> Soibaut 
0TnpaBjflK>TCH HCKaTb ero; nepean nepeoAtra CKOMopomKoi. IIpH- 
euBi Bi> Sivele, ona pacntBaerb na njomaAH ocbohxi> npHRjione- 
Hiflrb H y3HaHa Bouye^OMi>, KOTopbiH ytaacaerb ci HeK> ki> ce6t, 
a KopojeBy yStAHJi bbihath 3a Teris'a. Ilocji HOBaro epiaHA- 
CKaro noxoAa Bueves OTnpaBJfleTca Ha boctokt>, ooBHAaTbc^ ci ko- 
pojeM^ Hermin, noMoraerb eny oTSexbCH orb Yvorin'a, ySHBaerb 
BT> noeABHKt npeAaxejei, KorAa-xo AOHecraax-b Ha Hero h Josian'y, 
H »ecxoKo MCXHx^ Braidamont'y. B'b lepycajiHMt, rAt ero Bin- 
iaK)XT> napeM'b Caaxaro FopoAa, ohi oojiyqaexi) Btcxb, qxo Baib- 
rejbMi> HaMtpeui> ocxaBHXb npecxojx CBoeny KpecxHHKy ; Bxopoft 
cbiHi Bueve'a, Herminet, 6yAexT> nacjtAHHKOM'b Hermin; KorAa 
H3i> ApMeniH Bueves aepnyjicH bi Ahfiio, cMepxb moxjaHACKaro 
KopojH ocBoCoAHja npecxoJi'b eme h xpexbeny cwny Bueve'a, 
Guion'y. — KoHiHHa Bueve'a ne paacKaaana (B'b nenojiHOH) py- 
KODHCH 6H6jiioxeKH CB. MapKa, Koxopofl oojbsoBaJCH Pafina; uo 
cxaponeiaxHOMy ^pani^yacKOMy poMany bt> npoat ohx ynapaexi 

OXmeJbHHKOM'b. 

CxoAen^ cii nepecKaaaHHbiMi xeKcxoMi) Qhwb ^panqyacKift 
opHrHHajii> Bevers-saga'H, HeAaano H3AaHHbiH Cederschidld'oftfb ^). 
^tficxByionua JHua: Guion, apjrb Hamtun'a, HtMeuKifi HMnepa- 
xopi, oxBtnawmiH Doon'y de Maience; Bevers =^ Bueves; ero 
waxb — Ao^b moxjaHACKaro Kopoja. Ona nocbuaexT> cnaaaxb hm- 
nepaxopy, hxo6i ohi> flBBJicfl ci^ pbii^apaMH bi> jtci> hoab Ham- 
tun'oMT) h yfiHXb 6bi Guion'a, Koxoparo ona Bbimjiexi xyAa 6e30- 
pyasHaro. IIpeAcxaBHBniHCb SojibHofi, ona npocHxi> uyma, Bbitxaxb 
Ha oxoxy h Aocxaxb eft KaCaHbaro Maca; oxt> axoro efi nojerqaexii. 
Guion iAcxi> 6e3i> niJieMa h nanabipa, xojbKo ci> xpeMfl cnyxHH- 
KaMH; HMnepaxopi y6HBaexT> ero h nocbuaexi ero rojoay meirky 
Koxopaa opocHxi> ero aBHXbca h na ApyroH me Aeub cbirpaxb 
CBaAb6y. KorAa ycjbmiajii> o6t> axoMi Be vers, yopeKaexi> Maxb, 



'1) Fornsogur Sodrlanda, utgifna af Gastaf CederscbiOld. Lund. 1864, CTp. 20^ 
cjtA.j cji. cxp. CCXVI cjtA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



113^ HCTOPIH POIIAHA H DOB^CTH. 233 

rpo3HTCH oYMCTHTb, KOFjia Bbipocxerb; Bi> retBt oHa teki cubHo 
ero yAapHja, <ito Majb^HK^ ynajx; crapbifi pbii](apb Sabaoth, ero 
AflAbKa, noAHfliii ero, xoqerb OTHecTH ki ce6t, Maxb ofitiuaerb 
HarpaAHXb ero, ecjH ohi yCberb ea cbina. Torb oStmaexcfl, ho 
BMtcTO Toro BejHTb y60Tb CBHHbK), H 3aMapaBi> en KpoBbio njiaxbe 
Bevers'a, noKaabiBaerb ero MaxepH. Bevers*a ohi nocbuaex'b 
nacxH CBOHxi OBeiii>; qepe3i> He^tjio oui> npoBOAHxi ero Aajbme. 
Ho Hajn>HBKT> He BbiAep«aji>: ycjumaB-b na oojit ryjii> 6paHHaro 
BeeejbH, oh^ npbiBaexcH bo ABopeii^, 6paHRxi> HMoepaxopa: xbi 
y6HJi> Moero oxaa, OBjaAtji> jiK)6oBbio HoeH uaxepn 603^ Hoero 
no3BOjeHifl, 3axBaxHj'b Moe HaoitAko. Ohi> uaHOCHxi> eiiy xpH 
yAapa CBoei najHiJieH, ho cxBaqeni no npHKa3aHiio Maxepn; y3HaBi> 
BX HeMT> Bevers'a, pbiuapn Aaioxi eny 6tmaxb — ki Sabaoth'y, 
Koxopbifi opflHexi) ero y ce6H, a pa3rHtBaHH0H Kopojient, hbhb- 
meHCfl K-b HCMy, rOBopHXT>, qxo yxonnji ero. Ona He BtpHXT>, 
rpo3Hxcfl CHceHb Sabaoth'a, xorAa Severs bwxoahxi hsT) CBoero 
y6tM;Bma h 6epexT> bck) BHHy na ce6H. IIo nopy^eHih) Maxepa ABa 
pbmapfl BeAyxx ero kt> MopcKony 6epery h npoAaioxi KynuaMi, 
Koxopbie BesyxT) ero bt> ErHoexT> h xaMi AapflXT> Kopojio Ermin- 
rik'y. Bevers cpa3y oxnpbiBaexi eny, kxo ohi, A^JaexcH ero 

qamHHKOM'b JIK)6HMIieMT>, Bb]3b1Bafl xikMl> 3aBHCXb AP3THX1> pbi- 

uapeft. OAHaHCAbi Bevers oxnpaBjnexcH na noABHri, Koxopbifi ne 
pa3^ HanpacHO npeAnpHHHMajiH Apyrie: cpa)Kaexi> Benpn, onycxo- 
maBinaro cxpany, h na o6paxHOM^ oyxH npHHywAeH'b o6opoH8XbCfl 
oxi> 0AHHHaAi]^axH pbiuapeS — saBHcxHHKOBi, nperpaABBiuHX'b euy 
nyxb. Bee axo bhahxtj, cxoa na CainHt losvena, Ao^b Erminrik'a, 
n BJioSjHexcfl bi lOHomy. 

CjiAyexi> HanaAenie Brandamon'a, uapa /I^aiiacKa, xpeCyio- 
o^aro pyKH losven'bi. Flo en coBtxy, Bevers'y nopyneno Ha^aib- 
cxBO HaAi BoficKom. 9pMHHpBKi> cxaBHxi> ero pbic^apeMi, onoHCbi- 
Baexi> MefieMi Myrklei, a losvena Aapaxi eMy kohh Arundele, na 
KOxopoMii Morb cBAtxb jHmb xpa6pbifi, poAOBOXbift BHXfl3b. Bran- 
damon noCfcKAeH^ h Bevers oxnycKaexT> ero hoai yciOBieMi npn- 

3HaXb Ce6fl JeHHHKOMl> 9pMBHpHKa. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



234 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlir, 

Ilocjt no6tAbi o6paAOBaHHbiH Kopojib nopysaerb AoiepH yqe- 
CTBoeaxb Bevers'a. Ona BeAerb ero B'b cboh dokoh, pasofijaHaerb, 
HpHCjyacnBaerb ewy 3a cxoJiOM'b h oCxflCHfleTCfl ct> HHM-b B'b jik)(Jbh. 
Oh^ roBopHTi, qxo ohi. 6'kjiuhii qyaceaeMfiAi a en HeAOCTpHH'b, kt> 
TOMy me Apyrofi Btpw; oHa pascepAHjacb, o63biBaeTT> ero HeynxH- 
BbiM-b My^cflKOAfb, 6poAHron. Iljoxo'xbi ajaxamb net sa mob 
ycjiyra, roaopaxi Be vers, — xoqexT> yAajaxbca, BepayBii efi en no- 
AapoKi — Arundele; xoJbKo Mei^ Myrklei oht> yAepwaxi, b6o 
aaciyHcajn ero. Ohi yAajnexca aai ABopua h nepecejflexcH kx 
OAHOMy ropoacanaey. Bixo apeMfl, KaK'b oh^ oxAwxaexi, aajiflexcfl 
AtaymKa, npocaxi, npocxaxb efi' o6BAy, roxoaa oCpaxaxbCfl wb 
xpacxiaacxBO. Boxt> axo mh* jifoCo, roBopaxi Bevers, uajyexi e6; 
AypHoro MeacAy hhmb uaqero ue 6biJ0, ho aboo pbiaapea aohochxi 
3pMHHpaKy, qxo ohh B^ cbhsh, a coBtxynyrb eny, KaK'b oxAtjiaxbCfl 
ox'b Bevers'a: oht> nonurexi ero ch nHCbMOMi kt> BpanAaMOHy, 
nycxb ycxpoHXT> xaKi, qxoC^^Bevers HHKorAa ho BepHyjca B'b Era- 
nexT>. Bevers xo'iexi txaxb Ha Arundele a Bsaxb (rbcofioio Myrklei. 
Myrklei cJHmKOM'b xaHceiTj, roBopaxi> Kopojb, — a AaM'b xe6t Apy- 
rofi MOHTi, a notaacaa xbi na hhoxoah:]^ (gangari). Ha nyxa ohi 
BCxptnaexcH cb najarpaMOBfb (pilgrim, palmara), cb Koxopbm^ 
pa3AtJiaexT> ero xpaneay; oht> OKaaajicfl Terri, cbiHOMT> Sabaoth'a, 
KoxopbiH nocjiaji^ ero Ha noacKa Bevers'a. Bevers ho oxKpbiBaexT* 
OMy cBoero HMena a HanpaajaexcH Aajite ki ^aiaacKy, PAt Epau« 
AOMOHi>, npo^ixH nacbuo SpManpaKa, caAaxi> ero bi rH)pbMy, rjy- 
6aH0K) B'b 30 apmani, nojiHyK) 3mM a %a6'b. 

MeacAy xtM-b 3aIosvena'y, Koxopofi BpwaHpaK'b paacKaaajn., qxo 
Bevers xaano yfexaji'b b^ AHrjiK), caaxaexca KopoJb Ivorius af 
Munbrak. 3pMaHpHKi> corjaceHi>, ho losvena coxpanaeTb cbok) 
AtacxBeHHOcxb bi> SpaK'fe npa noMon^a <iyAecHaro noaca, ok) cAt- 
jaHHaro: noaa OH-b ua Hea, hhkxo ho B'b cajaxi> jamaxb ea a^b- 
cxBeHHOCXH^). Oaa eepexb ci co6oio Arundele, Koxoparo AepacaTb 



^) Cm. TOKufi >Re noacb Ca6piii bi> The renowned history of the seven cham- 
pions of Christendom, bi> mouz-b PoaucRaHinx'b, II, crp. 110; cj. Warncke, Die 
Lais de Marie de France, npnif. R. K5hler ki. Lai de Quigemar, CTp. LX — LXI; 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ha-b HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 235 

Ha «ejii3Hbix'L utnAxx: hhkto He CM'kevh ki> neiwy uoACTyoiiThCfl, 
a HeopHHa ohx oiHa«AM Tairb yAapRjii, qTo ero HaAO Cmjio 

JHeCTH. 

CeMb xiriy TOMHXbCfl Severs bx TeMHHut, mojihtch scjiyxi: 
nycTb FocnoAb ocBoCoAHrb ero, hjih nonuerb cKopyio CMeprb. Ce- 
roAHH ace Tbi CyAerab noBtmeHT>, KpHqaT7> eaiy Aea cropoHca, ycjibi- 
maBi) ero. Oahhtj hst* hexx cnycKaexca no BepeBK* b^ xeMHHDiy, 
Bevers yenBaerb ero HKpniHT'b ApyroMy, qToCbi HTorb cnycTHjrcfl, 
h6o OAHOny noAHHTb ero He no CHJiaMT>. YGnvb h axoro h bshbi 
opysie yfiHTbix'b, OH-b BbiCHpaexcfl napyacy no BepeBKt, HaxoAarb 
KOHH H nycKaexcfl bt> fitrcxBO. He nafiAfl ero bi xeMEHu*, EpanAa- 
Mowb H ero njieMHHHHK'b Grandier ronexcH sa HHUfb; cpaaHBi* hxi, 
a Ha nyxH h BpanAaMOHoaa 6paxa-BeJHKaHa, ohi> AoCHpaexcfl ao 
lepycajiHMa, rAt naxpiapxi) cnaesaerb aro MyjioMi* HAaerb24 30- 
jioxbixi*. KaKofi-xo qeJiOBtKi>, cjyacHBniiS BMtcxt cb hiiui> y 9pMHH- 
pmca, roBOpHxi> eny o 6paKt losven'abi h yKa3biBaexi> nyxb bi 
Munbrak. 

Ki losven't ohi* HBjmexcH bi bha^ naiOMHHKa, KorAa Ivorius 
6bijrb Ha oxoxt; roBopHxi>, qxo poAOMi h3t> AnrjiiH, snaexnb Be- 
vers'a, Koxopbifi neAaBHO a^emijiCH. ycjibiQiaBi> axo, OHa naAaexi> 
Bi) ofiMopoKi; He 6yAb Bevers B'b Ahfjih, roBOpHXb ona onnyB- 
mHCb, H npHSHajia 6hi ero B'b xe6i; xoju>ko y xe6H mps.u'b Ha Ji6y, 
Roxoparo h y Hero ne BHA^jia. Bevers oxntKHBaexcH, xoiexi no- 
CMOxptxb en qyAecnaro kohh, o KOxopOMi) cjbimaj'b; dxo ne bo3- 
M0«H0, oxBtqaexx> ona: cixixi nopx, KaKi n yxpaxHJia Bevers'a, 

HHKXO ho OCMtjIHBaeXCH npH6j[B3nXbCH K-b KOHK). B'b 3X0 BpeMH 

BXOAHTb cJiyacHxejib (skoiari) losven'bi, Bonifrey; ona cnpamH- 
Baexi> ero: na Koro noxoHx najiOMHHirb? — Jlfl. 3xo Bevers, roBO- 
pHxi> OHi). A Bi> 3X0 BpeMfl KOHb copBajicH cb nyxi>, 6'lraexi> no 
ABopy H pacexi*; yBHAtBX Bevers'a, on-b ocxaHOBiiJiCH, Aaexi> eny 
ctcxb Ha ce6H, HAexi> h njflmeTb (leikandi) K'b losvena''!. Ona 
npH3Hajia Bevers'a, xoqeTb 6*»axb c* hhmt>; OH'b roBopHxi efi o 



Nyropj Storia dell' epopea francese, trad, da Eg. Gorra, CTp. 76, dphm. 1, h 212 

(oepCTHB, OXpaHAIOIIVe A'i^BCTBeHHOCTb). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



236 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

BipojOMCTBt en OTi^a h o tomi, hto oua — Hcena Apyraro h 6oite 
He AtfiyiuKa. losvena yBtpflerb, hto o npeAaTeibCTBt oroa oea 
Hoqero ne seajia b eme AtByuiKa. 

Bi* 3T0 BpeMB BBjHeTCfl CT> oxoTbi IvoHus; DO coB^Ty Bonifrey 
Bevers roBopHTL eMy , ito npHmei-L kt> eeMy cb BtcTbio: ero fiparb 
Sibilant ocaacAeHii wb saMKi Abilant. Ivorius TOTHacb me cnapa- 
HcaeTCfl Bii noxoAi>, ocTaBHBi 6jik)ctb uapcTBO h aceey Kopojia Gar- 
sich. Ero h ero JWAefi Bonifrey onaHBaerb coHHwirb sejbeirb, 
oocjrfe qero CtJKHrb cb Bevers'oM-b h ero Mwoft. IIpocHyBmBCb Ha 
ApyroH AeHb, Garsich yanaerb npn noMomn BOJmeCHaro KaMHH b^ 
CBoeMT> nepcTHt o CtrcxBt losvena'w, ho npecjitAOBaHie He yAaercH, 
noTOMy qTo Bonifrey yKpbiBaeTca ct> xoBapHmaMH bi nemepy. 

Ha nyxH losvena oonyBCTBOBajia rojOAlb; noKa Bevers oxo- 
THTCfl, iToCbi pasAoCbiTb JiaHb (hind), Bonifrey, ocTaBmificH npn 
A'feByniKt, yCHTb AByMH jibBaMH, Koropwe ynocHTb losvena'y Ha 
ropy. Bevers BoaBpamaexcH, ocBoCoHAaerb ee h cHOBa nycKaexcfl 
BX oyTb, KOFAa HacTHPHyrb BejiBKauoM'b Eskopart, nocjiaHUbiMi> 
KopojcM-b Ivorius'oMi. BbicoTa ero HHTHaAuaTb ^tyxoB-b, oht> bo- 
opy^eui) MeqeM-b n najHueH, KOTopon ne noAHBTb acchth neiOBt- 
KaMx; npoMeac-b rjiaaij yjioacHxcfl xpo <i>yTa, Koaca lepnafl, KaK^ 
yrojb, Hocb HeKpacHBbiH, cnepeAH sarnyTbiH kpiohkomx. Hoph y 
Hero fiojrbmifl h AJHHHbiH, bt> CbicrpoTt oht* nepecnopHTb nrHiiy; 
rojocb — qxo jafi agchth coOaKx; bojocw ajhhhok) cb KOHCKifi 
xBOCTb, rjaaa Cojbmie h nepHbie KaKT> aho Koxja, sySbi — qxo y 
Ka6aHa. Konbe Bevers'a JOMaexcfl o rpyAb BejiBKana, Dami^a koxo- 
paro, HanpaBJieHHaH na npoxHBHHKa, paau^enjiHexcH oAepeno; Esko- 
part CepexcH sa Meqi, ho Arundele CBajrajrb ero cb Horb, Bevers 
roxoBHXca yCexb ero, a losvena contxyexi) nomaAHXb: oht> Kpec- 
xHxca H 6yAexT> eny cjyrofi. Eskopart coriaceHX, h ohh Bxpoeirb 
±jiyT7> A^Jite. Ha MopcKOMi 6epery bhahxi> cyAuo HSbiHHHKOB'b, 
coCapaBuiHxcH na BOHny cb xpHCxianaHH; Eskopart npocHrb opH- 
Hflxb Hxi na Kopa6jib; 3a hxi oxKasoMi*, BCKaKHBaexi> na najy6y h 
Bctxi nepefiHBaexi. TpexbH hofohh Ivorius'a 3a hbmb cxojib Hce 
HeycntmHa, KaKi) h npeAbiAyman. EtrJieabi Ao6HpaioxcH na ko- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nSl HCTOPIH POMAHA H HOB-feCTH. 237 

paCJitAoKejitHa (Colonia), apxienacKon^ KOToparo, aaaa Bevers'a, 
KpecTHTb losven'ay h Eskopart'a h coo6maeTi> etcTH o Sabaoth't. 
Kt HeMy CTpemiTCfl Severs. OcTaBHBT> bi> KejbHt losvena'y mxb 
oxpaHOH Eskopart'a, ohi> tAerb bt> AHrjiio, npHCTaert ki Ham- 
tun'y, FA* Ha 6epery BCTptnaerb HMnepaxopa, KOTopoMy naabi- 
Baerb ceSa Geirarflr af Franz. HMnepaxop-b roBoparb ewy, hto 
ero TpeBO»HTT> naCtraMH h3i> CBoero saMKa Sabaoth; Bevers- 
GeirarSr BbisbiBaoTCfl uocjyncHTb ewy, ecjrH ero jiK)AflMT> Aa^yTi 
OAe»AyHopyatie. Torb corjiaceHi>; Severs OTnpaBJflexcfl Ki^aaMKy 
CBoero craparo AflAbKH, ixfe h OTKpbiBaercfl ewy. 

MeatAy TfeMT> oAHH-b flpjn> bti Kejibnt, no HMeHH Miles, co6ja3- 
HHBmiicb KpacoTOK) losvena'bi, xHTpocTbio sajiyRaerb Escopart'a bi> 
sawoK-b Ha ocxpoBt, fa* ero aaoHpaerb, h chjioh memiTca Ha Kpa- 
caBHut, KOTopafl HOHbK) 3aAyniHjia ero cbohmI) noflcoM'L. Ha Apy- 
roftAGHb, KorAaaxo OTKpbuocb, ee ocysKAawrb K^CMepxH HaKOcrpt, 
HO BO BpeMfl HBJifleTCfl Fscopart, BbipBaBmiHca na-b saKjiiOHeHiH, h 
Severs, KoxopoMy AonecjiH o HacHJbcxBeHHOM^ 6paKt losvena'bi. 
Ohb ocBOfiojKA^Koxi) ee, h Severs Beaexi ee bi> 3aM0Ki> Sabaoth 'a. 
Hiinepaxopy ohx nocbuaexi cjcaaaxb, mo oht> He Geirarflr, a Se- 
vers, H BCKopt ero noBtcHXT>. Si cj-feAy^mefi Aajte bohh* HMne- 
paxopi B3Hxi> Bi> njitHi> H Ka3HeHi>, a ncena ero, Maxb Seyers'a, 
npnaxoH BtcxH 6pocaexcfl eT>6auiHH. ScxynHB-b cHOBa BxoxuoBCKoe 
HacJitAie, Severs ateHHxca na losvena't; OH-b bi qeexH y anrjifi- 
CKaro KopojiH, ero Arundele BbiHrpaji npH3T> B'b200 MapoK-b, no- 
xoMy qxo 0Ka3ajica ewcxp-fee Bctxt Apyraxx KOHet. CbiHi Kopojia 
npocHXT> Severs'a ycxynwxb ero eMy; nojyiHB^ oxKa3'b, nwxaexca 
3aBjaAtxb HMi), noKa Severs CHAtjii 3a cxojo&rb, ho Arundele 
nojiosKajii ero na Mtcxt yAapoMi> B-b jio6'b. yc^bimaBi xohi, 
Kopojb xoqexT> HOBtcHXb Sevcxs'a; npiaxejiH necjitAHflro y6t«- 
AaK)xi> Kopojifl oxnycxHXb ero, yAepaKaBi> kohh ; ho Severs ne xo- 
iexT> (n> HHiwb pa3cxaxbCfl h ocyacAen-b na H3rHaHie; ero 3eMJifl ox- 
Aana Soibaut; losvena b Terri cjtAywxi 3a Severs'oin», a Esco- 
part, Koxoparo ohi HarpaABJii jienoMi, AOJi^eni ocxaxbca na aa- 
u^Hxy Sabaoth'a. HeAOBOJbHbifi 3xhmx, h6o om> npeAnoqejn> 6bi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



238 A. U. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

OTnpaBHTbCfl CI Bevers'oMT>, oht> tAerb kx Ivorius'y, KOxopoMy 
roBopHTfc, HTO HCKajTb Bce BpeMfl losvena'y; ohx snaerL ea noxH- 
THxejia H, TaKT>KaKT>eMy Bct AoporH CBtAOww, HaftAerb CtrjeuoBi, 
ecjH Ivorius Aacrb einy jiwach. Totb corjamaexcfl. 

Me^Ay ThM-b Bevers, losvena h Terri cxpaHcxByiorB wopeMi) 
H cymefi; qyBCTByn npHejiHaceme poAOBX, losvena npocHTB cnyxHH- 

KOBT> OTOHATH BT> CTOpOHy H pOSCaeTb AByXT> MBJLhHVLKOB'b. Bl> 3T0 

BpeMfl aBjiflerca Escopart h noxemaerb ee; Bevers h Terri, Bep- 
HyeuiHCb, eaxoAarb jamb Atxefi; HanpacHO npoHCKaBT> losvena'y 
BT> jrfecy, OHH ^AyTb Aajite, no Aoport B-b FpeAiio. 

Sabaoth'ycHHTca, 6yAT0 HaBevers'a nanajio cxo jibBOB^ nyace 
paaopsajiH ero Kona, h qro einy cjrfeAyerb hath noMOJiHTca cb. ¥)ii\o 
BT> Opjeaa-fe. TaMi owb cjyHaiiHO BCTptqaexT. losvena'y, Koxopaa 
roBopHxi. eiwy, qxo Escopart BCAexi ee kt, Ivorius'y. Sabaoth cb 
ropoacaaaMH yfiHBaerb Escopart'a h ero aabiiaHKOB-b h 'kji^evb cb 
losvena'oH Aajte, aa hohckh Bevers'a. Bi Abbaport'* ohi» 3a6o- 
jitjrb; losvena 3a HHM-b yxawHBaex'b. 

ITpoAOjacaa oyxb c^ Terri, Bevers oxAaexi* Asyxi* CBOHXb cbi- 
HOBeii Ha BocnHxaaie: Guiou'a jtCHHKy, Miles'a pwCaKy. Ohh opa- 
6bUH Bi> ropoAi* Civile, ott> Koxoparo ox6HBaK)XT> aeupiaxejia; a*- 
BymKa, .BjraAixejibHHua ropoAa, npeAJaraexij Bevers'y ^eanxbca aa 
aea; xoxt> oxKasbieaexca, roBopHx-b, qxoHceHaxT>; AtaymKa rpoaarb 
einy CMepxbK), h ohi* corjamaexca aa ycjioaiH — aceaaxbca aa aeH 
4epe3i> qexbipc roAa, ecjH ae aaHAexi> CBoea aaeabi, a ecjia aaft- 
AexT> — Aaxb en bx My^ba Terri. IloKa oax ocxaexca aa samaxy 
ea cxpaabi a oxpa»aexT> aparoB-b, ocaAHBuiHX'b Civile. Do npome- 
cxaia cpoaa, nojio»eaaaro Bevers'oM'b, AtayuiKa corjiamaexca 
acAaxb en^e xpa roAa. Bi axo apena aajiaioxca ax Civile Sabaoth 
Cb losvena'oH h oxapwaawxca Terri h Bevers'y ; cynpyin cbha*- 
JiHCb, Bevers Be.iHXT> npHaecxH cbohxi cbiaoaefi, aocnnxaxejieH ko- 
xopbixi* u;eApo aarpaacAaexi, a Terri Hceaaxca aa BJiacxHxeju>HHi^t 
ropoAa. 

Bevers y3aaexT>, ixo Ivorius, oCanaaiomii BpMHapHKa a^ yxoAt 
CBoeft aceabi, coSapaexca npoxaBT) aero aoftaoio. Y Bevers'a poAa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H OOBIiCTH. 239 

jacb MesAy TtM-L ao% Beatrix, y Terri — cblH^, no BMeHH Be- 
vers. KorAa Bevers hbhich m noMOuib kt> 3pMHHpHKy, totb bh- 
HHTCfl nepeAi> hhm^ h BbiAaerb tojiobok) npeAaxejieii (Gilistinn h 
Fures), Hay«iHBmHxi> ero nooiaTb Bevers'a k^ BpaHAaMony. Ilpe- 
Aarejni Ka3HeHbi, pa36HTbifi Ivorius G^mnTb; KorAa aoiujih cjyxB, 
qto om> CHOBa rpoanrb bohbok), 3pmhbpbkt>, Bevers b Terri npe- 
AynpeacAafOTb ero noA'b Munbrak'oM-b b Cepyrb bt> njitHX, bbi 
KOToparo 0Hi> ocBoCoHAaexcH Aoporow utHOio. 

BcKopt nocj'fe Toro yiMBpaerb SpwBHpBKi, 0CTaBBBT> Guion'y 
ABtxpexB CBoero uapcTBa b KopojieBCKift xBTyji^, Miles'y ocTaJibHyjo 
Tperb ci> TBTyjOMTi repuora. Sabaoth BOSBpamaeTca bi Anrjiio kx 
Htent (Herinborg) b Cbwy (Rodbert). 

Ivorius xoqerb oxMCXBTb Bevers'y; no ero Hayu;eHiio, Bop'b 
Jupiter ooxBTBj'b y nero Arundele. Sabaoth'y chbtca, hto Bevers 
cjioMaji ceC-fe 6eApo; oht> lyerb qxo-xo HeAo6poe b, OTupaBBBUiBCb 
BT> OAejKA* uBJiBrpBMa B^ Abbaport, yauaerb orb Josven'bi bt> ^eMi* 
At JO. OiTb xo^ierb eny nowoHb: tAer^ B-b Munbrak, b KorAa 
OAHa»Abi Aruudele BejB ea boaouob, npocarb lOuBxepa AOSBOjiBTb 
eny ocMOTptxb qyAecHaro kohh, bcko<]bji> Ha nero b ebufb xaKOBi. 
3a BBMi roHBTCfl, HarHajii> ero b6jib3b Abbaport'a Fabur, BepxoM^ 
Ha »cepe6eHKt ott> Arundele, crojibKO me 6biCTpoMT>, KaKi ona/ 
Bt. uocjrfeAOBaBineH cxBanrb, B-b KoropoS npBHBMaerb yqacxie h 
Bevers crb cbiHOBbHUB, npecjitAOBaTejiB paafiHTbi. 

CjitAyerb eme Bofina npoTBBT> Ivorius'a h noMomubixi eny 
Kopojiefi. no6tAa na cxopoHfe Bevers'a; nana, Bbi3BaHHbifi bi Mun- 
brak, Btflqaex-b ero b Josvena'y Ha uapcxBO b KpecxBxi flSbiqHH- 

KOBTj. 

BcKop'fe nocjit xoro Bevers nojyqBjii B3Btcxie, mxo aarjiillcKiH 
Kopojb oxHejii* y Sabaoth'a ero aewjB. Oht* nepenpaBjeexcfl bi* 
Ahfjuk) Cb BoficKOMT>; yBuaBii ero npB6bixiB, KopoJb o6T>flBJiflexT> 
CBOBMi* BejbMoacaM-b, qxo no cxapocxB b CojitsHB ne b^ cBJiaxi 
npoxBBOcxoflXb BeBepcy, 0% KoxopbiMX* b saiiBpflexcH, npeAJioHCBBi) 
ero cbiHy pyKy cBoea AoqepB b Btneui no CBoeft c&iepxB. 4epe3T> 
xpB AHfl OHT> yMBpaexT>, Miles Btuqaexca ua uapcxBO, a Bevers, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



240 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

BepByBmHCb (qepedi ^jiaHjipiio, Phmi> h lep} cajHMi) bi> Munbrak, 
HaxoAHTb TaMi> CBOK) meHv npH cMepTB, Arundele oKOJtBineH. 
Oht> mojhtch, qT06bi TocnoAb cnoAoCnji^ ero yMepexb BMtcrt ct> 
aceeoK). Orb yHflpaiorb, o6HBBU]HCb, uoxoponeHbi bx aepKBH cb. 
JIaBpeHTifl, a bt. Munbrak't BOnapnercH Guion. 

TaKOBi) pa3CKa3T> carH, coxpaHBBineHCH bi> BtcKOJibKHxi) pyKO- 

DHCBXl), H31> KOTOpblX'L OAHdL^) H0CH1*1> CJlt^bl JIH4H0H Uepepa60TKH 

nepecKam.HKa. K^ cart BocxoAflrb HCJiaHACKifl B6fus — riranr h 
<i»apeRCKiH Bevussar taettir^), KaKi JiioSHMaR bi> ARrjiH HapoAHaR 
KHBra Bevis kt> cxapo-aHrjiHCKOH iioaMt o Sir Bevis of Hamp- 
ton ^), nepecKaay oahoh peuenaia cxapo^paRujacKaro cthxotbop- 
earo xeKcra *). 

4>paHay3CKiH TeKCTTj no3Mbi no pKn. HMnep. BtncKoft 6H6jiio- 
xeKH K?. 3429, cb coAepacaiiieM-b Koxoparo n nosHaKOMHJCR h3t> 
cooCmeniH Singer'a ^), kt> coatajtHiio cjHmKOMT> KpaxKHx^, oxho- 
CHxcRy no MHtniH) B3CJitA0Baxejifl, ki> oahoh peAaiuiiH ci> opBraea- 
jiOMT> carB, xoxfl HtKoxopbiR qepxbi 3acraBjiflK)XT> B-b 3xomt> ycjM- 
HBXbCR. TaKi Hanp. Doon ne Ka3HeHi> (KaKi> oxB^qaioiuiS eMy bm- 
nepaxopi* cam), a y6HXT> Bueve'oM-b bi> noeAHHiefe, KaKT> b^ nepe- 
CKa3aHH0B Bbime <»paRaj'3CK0H no3Mt. SaMtna Doon'a ntMei^KBH-b 
HMnepaxopoM^eme HecoBepiDBJiacb; H3'bHMeHioxMtxBMT>: Ermins, 
Josiane, Bonnefoy (= Bonifrey carB, Bonefas bi Bevis of Ham- 
toune), pflAOM^ c^ KOxopbiMi RBjiRexcR eme B'b ycjyaceHiB Josiane'w 
KaKBR-xo Pietris, AO^b xBpcKaro Kopojin; Y voire de Montbrant; 
Sambault b ero cbiR-b Thierry; Brademant. nepecKa3T> Singer'a, 
Majio nojiestibiB A-in kpbxbkr xeKCxoB^ BoBbi h CAtjiaBBbiB ae bi 
BBAy 3X0B u-fejiH, pacKpbiBaexT> Apyryio jnoConbixnyio noApofiROCXb: 
wo *paHuy3CKiB opBrBHajn> cxapoHtMeuKofi no3Mbi o rpa*t Py- 
AOJib^tt npeAcxaBjHJT, cnJoqeHie KaKoro-HB6yAb pa3CKa3a b31 co6bi- 



*) Cji. Cederschidld, cxp. CCXXXIX, jV; 7. 
«) 1. c. CTp. CCXLVI, CCXLVII-VIII. 
•) 061. anrjutlcKHxi. BepciHX-b cj. ib..CTp. CCXVI. 
*) MS. Didot. Cj. P. Meyer, 1. c, cxp. XXI, npim. 1. 
^) S. Singer, Graf Rudolph, bt. Zeitschr. f. deutsches Alterthum B. XXX, 
cxp. 379 u cjt^. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H HOB^CTH. 241 

Tin KpecTOBbixi noxoAOBi (Moaterb 6biTb, noxoAa rpa«i>a Hugo de 
Puiset) ex MOTHBaMH Beuve. OpHPHHai'L dTorb HSBtcreH'b 6bui> 
Bi ycTHoft nepeAa«!t b Berthold'y von Holle KOTopbifi BOcnojbBo- 
Bajcfl HMi Bi CBoefi Crane (cTp. 389). He Kacaacb sAtcb nocjii^A- 
Hflro Bonpoca, aantqy, hto MOTBBbi Bobo no3BOjiflK)Ti> oneHb yAa^uo 
B03CTauoBHTb CBBSb Me»Ay 4>parHeHTaMH rpa<i»a PyAOib<»a, b hto 
BTi SHbixi anaaoAaxi tob b ApyroH nodMbi ecrb AtBCTBBTejbHoe 
cxoACTBo. ^OKaaaxejbHte Bcero coCcTBeHHbin HMena: Bonifrcy'io, 
Bonnefoy, Bonefas oTstqaerb bi cxoahob pojia Bonifait, a MBJiafl 
Bobo, OTBtqawmaa Josiane't, ooiyqaerb wh Kpeu;eHiB bmh Irmen- 
gard, qro HecoMHtHHo yKasbiBaerb ea oTi^a Josiane'bi, Ermin, 
Hermin, xota b^ HtMewofi noaM* CTOBTb Apyroe bma: Gilot, ko- 
pojib lepycajBMa. Bi npoBaacajibCKofi noaifi: Daurel et Beton 
<ed. P. Meyer) Hceea Beuve'a TaK^e HaaaaHa Ermenjart, a ero 
CbiBi iK)6Brb H3bi<]HBi]^ Erfmene (cip. 388). 

GjOHcuocTb B 3anyTaHH0CTb njaea b o6Bjiie noApo6uocTefi, no- 
pa»aK)uiBxi> Bi i]epecKa3aHHbixi> naMB oodMt h carl, roBopflTi> 
3a no3AHK)io peAaKiiiK) Bx^b oparBHaja. Bi 6ojte ApeBHefi a npo- 
CTofi Ta me 4>paHay3CKafl noaMa 6bua saneceHa bi> HTajriio, PAt 
MewAy 1250 B 1330 rr. oxpasBJiacb bi Aayxi xeKCxaxi: oABOM-b 
4»paHK0-BTajibHHCK0M'b (S. Marco XIII), ApyroM'b BCHeuiaHCKOM-b, 
coxpaHuemeMCfl B-b pyKonBCB jaypeauiaHCKofi 6B6jioTeKB. 06a, no 
npeacBeMy MotHiio PaBHbi (1. c. crp. 144), BOCxoAarb k^ OAHOwy 
opBrflHajy, ho He cnncaHbi cb nero, a 3aoBcaHbi no naMHTB, npn 
qeM^ OABm> nepecKa3qBKT> Morb Btpnte .^anoMHBTb oaho, Apyrofi 
Apyroe, a aBTopi> 4»panKo-BeHeuiaHCKOH BepciB KpoMt tofo nosaBM- 
CTBoaaj'b Koneui caoero pascKaaa b3i> peAaaiua npocxpaHHaro 
4>paHay3CKaro TBna. Tpa OTpbiaaa B31> Apyrofi Tanaee aeHeoiaHCKoft 
no3Mbi Bobo, HOAaaHO orapbiTbie ai Udine a BBAauHbie PaaHoft ^), 
no3BOJBjiB eMy Tonnte onpeA'lJBTb reHeaioriK) jiaypeuuiaucKaio 
TeKCTa: ohb oaaBbiaaioTCfl npaHaAJieacaniBMB icb oahoS ct> aaM-b 
peAaKuiB, BbiuiJia b3i> o6ui,aro 4>paHKO-BTajibflflCKaro noAJaaaaKa, 



-*) Zeitschrift f. rom. Philologie, B. XI, H. 2, cxp. 153 cjit^.: Frammenti di 
redazioni itaHane del Buovo d'Antona. I. Nuovi frammenti franco-itaHani. 

C^pHiKi n Orx. H. A. H. 16 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



242 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

Kb KOTopoMy yAHHCKie *parMeHTbi croan* 6jHace no KOJiHHecTBy 

COXpaHHBOlHXCfl BT* HHX1> THCpHAHblXl ^pEHayaCKHX-b 3JieMeHT0B'b, 

OTJHiaiomHX'b BOo6me cxapyio anHqecKyio JiHTepaxypy TpeBHSCKoi 
MapKH, TorAa KaK-b Bt jaypeHuiaHCKOH nodwk ea^ajio MtcTHaro 
roBopa yme bshjio n6peBtcT>. 

TaKi aaxoHcaa cara nycxHJia Kopna bt> ctBepHOH HxajiH h ot- 
CH)Aa nepeueceHa 6bijia bt> TocKaHy, fa* yn^e Villani cBHAtxejb- 
cxByexT> oC-b en nonyjiflpHOCXH : coofimafl ApeBHee HaaBaHie Bojb- 
xeppw — Antonia, OHT) npH6aBJiHexT>: «e secondo che si leggono 
i romanzi indi fu il buono Buovo d'Antonaw. TocKaHCKHxx nepe- 
CKaaa ero HCxopiH PaftHa oxM'feqaexT> xpH. IlepabiH no BpeMenH 
Bovo in 8-a rima, bi 22 ntcHflx^ h 1400 cxaauax'b: oht, Bcero 
6jraace kt> BeneuiaHCKOMy xeKCxy, xoxa ero opHrHHajT> 6biJT> paa- 
BHxte nocJitAHaro, a etKoxopbifl noApoCnocxH oxuocaxT> HacT> ki> 
BepciH <i>paHK0-HxajibaHCK0H. Corjiacie cb BeneaiaHCKHirb xeKcxoMi> 
npocxHpaexcfl, co6cxBeHHO, jinmb na nepBbin XIV n'feceHT>, cjtAyio- 
mla VIII npHHaAJieacaxi, no MHtHiw Pafinbi, ^anxaain xocKancKaro 
nepecKauiHKa, aa HCKjM)qeflieMi> Bnpo«ieMi> oocjitAHBxi 28 cxanu^, 
KoxopbiH nepBona^iajibHO uofjib nenocpeACXBeHHO npHMbinaxb ki» 
KOHuy XIV ntcHH. 3xh cxaHi^bi paacnaabiBaioxi : o Cpairfe ^ Boi^a- 
peHiH Terigi (Tiris 4>paBU. chanson), o BoaapameHiH Bobm bi Ah- 
Tony, TAt BCKopt yMHpaexT> Drusiana, a oht> can^ y6Hx^ npeAa- 
xejeMT>, noAocjiaHBbiMi cwhoih'l /I^OAoaa, Gualtieri. YcjbiniaB'b o 
xoATb chiwb BoBbi, Guidone, nacjitAOBaBmifi A^Ay bi> ApMeaiH, 
HAexT> cb SojibniHM'b bohckomt> na Maganza'y h paapyraaexx* ro- 
poAT*. itpoBHee coAepjKanie noaMbi, nepecKaaaneoft aBxopoMi Bovo 
in 8-a rima, oxBtHajio6bi: XIVntcHaMi* -+- 28 cxaHuaMi XXII-h. 
IIoBtpKH axoMy npeAnojoHceniio noxoMy Hejbaa 6buo cAtjiaxb, mo 
Bi> BeueiUaHCKOM-b xeKcxt, npHuaAJieHcaBuieH'b, Kavrb Hbi BHAtJH, 
Kb oAHofi peAaKuiH cb opHrnnajiOMi Bovo in 8-a rima, Be Aocxaexi 
KOHi^a: OHi o6pbiBaexcfl hmohho na BoaapeHie h «eHBXb6t Teris- 
Terigi. Hami> 6tjiopyccKiS TpHCxani, BOcnpoBaBOAHoufi BeeeiuaH- 
CKii xeKCXT>, flBJiaexcfl aAtcb na BbipyHKy — ycxpaaflfl riraoxeay 
PaJiHbi. Kx axoMy npHeaBEMi eu;e ciiAyK)UVft Bonpocb: Pafina 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMABA H nOB*CT0. 243 

roBopHTL o6t> oahomi> xeKcrfe Bovo in 8-a rima, BMiBraein>, kek'b 
HSB'fecTHO, MHoacecTBO H3AaHiH; cjitAyiomaa BbuepHKa H3^ HBAaaiH 
1491 (Venezia) h 1537 (Venezia) roAOB-b CTaBHTT> Hacx jiBaoMt 
KT> Muy cb AByMfl TeKQxaMB : 

eel. 1491. 
St. 105. Alora doD Alberico al primo trato 
Con bella compagnia cavalcava 
Verso Antona quanto potea ratto; 
Gionto ala torre al palazo smonta, 
Vane a Brandonia e conta tutto il fato 
Ci5 che Dudon dicendo gli mandava, 
La visione e tutte Taltre cose, 
Unde Brandonia cosi li respose: 



«Indietro torna e di' al tuo signore 
Che no li dia alcnna melinconia, 
Chlo li proraetto per lo mio honore 
Ossa ne carne di Buove no sia. 
lo lo far6 morir cum gran dolore 
Mai piii non udir^ che se ne sia, 
Voglio far morir secretamente 
Per nostro honor, che nol sapia la gentc 



Tornati in dreto, a lui debiati dire». 
Dono Alberico alor tolse comiato, 
De la sua gente il fece seguire,- 
Trovano alhora el signer beato. 
Alberico disse al suo fratello e sire, 
El fato aponto aponto gli a contato 
Come Brandonia ad esse referia 
Che Buovo la sua vita finiria. 

ed. 1537. 
St 54: Partisse lui con molti in compagnia, 
Ad Antona al palazo dismontava, 
Trov6 Brandonia, il fatto li dicia 
Come Dudone per Buovo mandava 
Perch6 li vol dar la morteria, 



16* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



244 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

Perchd in insonio Dadone amazava, 
Unde Dadone fa disposto al tutto 
Dar morte a Buovo e vederlo destratto 



Disse Brandonia: «Alberigo soprano, 
lo son contenta di Baovo amazare, 
Per nostro honor far coperto debbiamo. 
Yanne Alberigo e debbi ritornare, 
Di' a Dadone che Thabbia per certano 
Che non lo sentiHi mai uominare, 
Che morte li dar6, che dove el sia, 
Non si sapr^ te giaro in fede inia>». 



Dono Alberigo al campo ritoruava. 
A Dndon coutava tal trattato. 

BTopoH TOCKaHCKiH nepecKa3i» DoaMbi o EoBt npeACTaBjmorB 
Real! di Francia. Panua nojaraerb, ^to HCTORUHKaMH a^h komqe- 

JlflTOpa, Bl> OTAtji EOBO, 6bUH aHFJIOHOpMaHHCKaH, ^paHKO- 

HTajiaucKafl h BeHeuiaHCKafl Bepcm ntcHo; qxo nodMy in 8-a rima 
OHi> Hon> cjibimaTb h Koe-^iTO ooaaHMCTBOBaTb h3i> Hen no ua- 
CJibimKt; HTO KpoMt Toro y uero uorb 6biTb h eiue oahhi hctoh- 
uhk'l(cj. CTp. 204 B 209), aKOHem pascKasa, eaqHHafl cb 65 rJiaBbi, 
npHHaAJieacHTb ero co6cTBeHHOMy BOo6pa»^eHiio. Ki* 3tbmi> hctoh- 
HHKaH'b Reali h Mory npRcoeAHHHTb h eiue oahui>, 6jaroAapH npo<^/ • 
Pafiut, DpcAOCTaBBBmeMy Mut uojbsoBauie TeKcrou'b, bmi> OTKpbi- 

TblMl*: TOCKaHCKHM-b DBpeBOAOM-b (nOJOBBHbl XIV B^Ka; pyKOOBCb 

nojOBRHbi XV) <i>pauKo HTajiaHCKaro EoBbi, coxpaHeHHaro (6e3i> 
aaqajia) bt> cod. S. Marc. XIII. K'b coasajtHiK), nepcBOA'b.Bi py- 
KODflCH o6pbiBaeTCfl saAOJro ao KOHua, iia cucHt, KorAa Drusiana 
npocBTb BoBy Aaxb ea BtnoKi cb rojOBbi. 

Bt> nojioBHHt XV BtKa KaKOH-To Gherardo, BtpofliHO napoA- 
HbiH noarb, eii;e paai uepecKa3ajii> AtHHia Eobo bi* npocTpaHHoi 
no3Mt, BT> KOTopoft CDjiOTHj-b TO, HTO CFO Tcpot nepcAaBajH cxapbiH 

lltCHH <I»paHUy3CK0H H HTajiaUCKOH ceubH. 

Ha pacnpocTpaHeidH namero poMaua bt, Apyrexi eBpoiiei- 
CKHxi) ieTepaxypaxi oxiacxH yKaaano Bbiine. fl ynowaHyji'b cxapo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fl3X HCTOPIR POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 245 

ne^aTHbiH 4»paHi^3CKiR poMaHi> bi npoat; ki neMy cjiiAyerB npn- 
coeAHHHTb CTHxoTBopHyio nepcA^JKy Pierre du Bis; mh AerjiiH 
OTMtTHMi, Kpont CTapoS DOdMbi Sir Bevis of Hampton, eme h 
nposaHqecKift ponaHi Toro me HasBairifl; AJfl HHAepjraHAOBT> na- 
poAHyio KHHry XVI B^Ka, saHMCTBOBaHHyio irai 4>paHiiy3CKaro npo- 
saHHecKaro poMana. EBpencKifi nepeBOAi> 6bijii> ynoMBHyrb Bbime 
(crp. 129, npHM. 1). 

Oco6afl nonyjiflpHocTb Aocrajacb na aojk) BoBt na PycH, PAt 
cyAH no cnncKairb XVn BtKa h ynoMBHaniK) bi> 1693 roAy no- 

TimHOfi KHBfH, Bl JBUaXl, BOBi^ KOpOieBH^t Bl> HHCXb KHHTb 

uapeBH^a XjieKckn nerpoBHia ^), «tCKa3aHie» bjtb c<rBCTopifl», acjioBO» 
BoBt o6^eBBiocb aobojibho pano. noAi> «rCKa3aHieM'b» hjh qph- 
QTopiefiw a pasyMiio xy H3BiCTHyio 4>opMy noBicxH, Koropafl Jierjia 
btj ocHOBy naniBXi Jly6oqHblx^ nepeAtJiOKT>, ofieapoABtjia ao cxe- 
ncHH ApyrHXTj pyccKBX'b CKaaoK-b, kt> repoflMi) Koxopbixi npHCoefe- 
fi^HBaerbRCBOHx^, BHoaeMnbixi*. IIpaBAa, vEoea^ KopojieBRHi> cbiHi>» 
BT> cKasKt Foj* BoHBCKOMT>, BCTp-feiaexcfl jiBmb btj cCopBRKt 
BpoBHUbiHa (PyccK. nap. CKasKB, cxp. 27 — 43) ^); lynonepz h 
noAKam B^CKasK* oei «HBaHi fioraxbipt KpecxbancKOM'b cbra*©— 
xojbKO Bi> jiy6Kaxi>^), ho ^OJlKaH^ nonajii h bi cthxi* o6i> AHHirb 
BOHHt BT> HBCJit CopaxbipeH, cKonieHHbixT> cMepxbK) *), HyAHme 
IIo.iKanume^ IIoAKam UoAKaHoeuHh bt> napoAHbiH CKasKH 06% Hjib-i^, 
PA* oHTb aaM'feHHJi'b 6bijraHHaro HAOjama *); kocpa* Bcxpiqafoxca 
HMeea ^odoua^) b (BacBjiacbi) Kup6umheeHu\ xoPAa Kairb bt> C-fe- 
jiopyccKofi BepxenHOH ApaMi; MaKCBMbflHi> oKadbiBaexca iiapflni.RH'b 
Bi ropoAt AntnoHtby pa* AHRKa-BORH-b 3auiRuiaexi> epo oxt> nana- 
Aenin «3Mta-yjiaHa» h «Apana». — CoCcxBeaHO bi CbUBHbi ne 



1) Cj. nunHHii, O'lepK'b, CTp. 248. 

2) ntcHn, co6p. n. B. HnpteBCKHM-b, IV, TIpHJOHceniH crp. CLII. 
») L. c. cxp. CLXXXV, CLXXXDL 

^) Cu. MOH OrpuBKH BHaaHTiftcKaro anoca bi pyccROin>: Iloaua o ^MreHHct, 
BtCTRBKii Ebpodu, anptjb 1875 r., CTp. 771. 

5)KHpteBCKifl, 1. c, I, IIpMJOHieBiH crp. XXXIV. Cj. PoBHHCKitt, Pyc- 

CRIfl HapO^BUfl KapTBHKH I, CTp. 146 — 7, npRM. 4. 

«) AeaeacbeB-b, Hap. pyccK. cKasKH .Ae 158, c. 
^ 1. c. ->& 93, c. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



246 ^ A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

npoHEKi, ecjiH He omn6aeMCfl, hh ojibhi> ii3^ repoeBi> saxoiReH 
BTajiaHCKofi noBtcTn: Bct ohh ono3AajiH cbobmi* npitsAOirb aa Pycb. 
JI^MH BCTopiH pyccKaro dnoca djo terminus ad quern, ecjH tohho 
onpeAtJHTb BpeMfl nepexoAa noBtcra, ycntBmeft oGpaxHTbCfl bt> 
pyccKyK) CKa3Ky, noAapHBiueS Haci bi> XVII stKt Aaace jH^Hburb 
HfiieHeMi EoBbi ^), HO oocTynRBmeficH nepeAi> ir&JbHOCTbio aaKOH* 
qeHHaro annqecKaro uHKja. 

OxKyAa HBHiocb k^ Haiu^ Ofcasauie hjh PucmopiH? KocBennbiH 
oTB'fe'rb Ha-8T0 Moa;en> Aaxb noBtcxb o Bob*, hjih «HcTopbiA o 
KHA»eaTH KrBHAOH(e» HOSuaHCKaro c6opHBKa. noAo6HO TpBcrany 
oHa oepeBeAena ci> cep6cKaro b 3a cep6B3MaMB, ocTaBmBMBca bi 
6tjopyccKOMi nepecKa3t, coxpaHHja h utcKOJibKO HrajiaHBSMOB'b — 
cjitAbi opBFBHajia, HaAi* KOTopbiMi> pa6oTaji> K)»(HOCJaBHHCKiH nepe- 

BOAHHKl. 9T0Tb OpBrBHajfb, HJIB BeCbAia 6j[B3KiB Kh HeMy TeKCTb, 

Mbi B Tenepb en^e MOHeeMi* npBSHaTb no BeHeoiaHCKoft noasit, B3- 
AaHHofi PaiHOH. Gep6cKlfi noAJHHHBK'b 6ijiopyccKofi hob^ctb ne 
HaftAeHi>; poHaHBqecKaH BCTopifl BoBbi npoHBKja ki ioH(HbiMi> cja- 
BBHaMi>, CKOJibKo noKa H3BtcTH0, jBuib Bi) xopBaTCKOMi (noKa He 
BSAaHHOMi) nepeBOA* cooxBtxcTByioniaro oxA'feJia Reali di Francia. 
CjtAOBi> oco6o£ nonyjiflpnocxH BoBbi Ha cjiaBflHCKOMi> lori xaK»e 
He sawtxHO, ho en neiero b npeAnojiaraxb bi oCiHCHenie ero pyc- 
CKofi nonyjiHpHOCXB. IIoBtcxb no^eMy-xo noHpaBBJiacb, noniJia wh 
o6opoxT>; ofiiHCHenie je»HXT> bt* cjiyqaraocxflX'b napoAnaro BKyca, 
BJiB Bi xoM-b, 1X0 HaMi upeACxaBJiflexcH cjiyqaBHOCxbH). 

Hcmapin FBBAOHt)), KaKi> Mbi GyAeM-b nasbiBaxb ee Aajrl^e, 
He npBHaAJeHCHX'b Kh oahoB peAaKi^iB Cb OKoaanieMz BoBi; 
nepeAi naMB, oqeBBAHO, Asa oxpameniH oahofo nepeaoAa. Ecjb h 
no3BOJ[Bjii ce6t 3aKJ[ioqHXb, qxo b CKaaanie npomjo ki HaMi> 
xtMB-ae nyxHMB, no KaKHirb cjrfeAOBaja Hcxopia, xo n cntmy ao- 
CaBHXb, qxo ocHOBaniS ajih xanoro npeAnojoaceHifl, BtpoaxHaro a 
priori, y Menfl ne mhofo. CKasanie xaKX qacxo nepecKasbiBaiocb b 
nepenHCbiaajocb, hxo npBHHJio b pyccKifi cxBJiBCXBqecKifi KOJiopBXT>, 
btj Koxopoifb Hejb3H B OHBAaxb BCxpi&xHXb cep6B3M0Bi> HcxopiB; 

^) nUDHH-b, ]. C. CTp. 248. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H IIOBtCTH. 247 

HCKJioqeHie cocTaBifliorB pasBt lOHaKH = iohokb, Kjio6yKi> = kjio- 
6yKi> 6tJopyccKofi noBtcTB. Bameo, KaKi> ynaaaHie, bma JlyKonepa, 
Bi> KOTopoMi> BBAtjiB npB3HaKi> pyccKofi nepcAtJKB B BapOAHaro 
ycBoeain Lucaferro, TorAa KaKi Bbiine yace 6buo daMtneHo, hto 
CMina jiaT. BTajiiaacK. f bi> ciaB. n bi> BMeHaxi> co6cTBeHHbix'b co- 
CTaBJiHerii npfldBaKi* B3BtcTH0B rpynnbi ApeBHBxi lomao-cjiaBBH- 

CKBXl naMflTHBKOBl>. Cl 3T0B TOHKB SptBifl 06l>flCBHeTCH fl HUB 

jXpyHCHeHbi: bt. Drusiana; cji. xorb-ace nepexoAi* s bt> at bi TpB- 
CTaet: MacoTa, CaMCBacB; A'i^ftcTBie napoAHofi arBMOJiariB orpaaa- 
^BBaeTCH pasBi ^opMoa: ApyacaeBHa, ynpoHBBaioiiieficfl bi> no3A- 
BBxi> coBCKaxx CKasaaifl, y»e aapyccKofi noHBi^. Hcao, hto BMeaa 
noatcTB BoBt ae noAaeprjacb aa loatao-cjaBaacKOB no^at TOMy 
aapoABOMy ycaoeaiio, Koiopoe oCpaxBJO, aanpflMtpi, bi Tpoaa- 
CKOB npHT<it Ulixes bt> OypBKmemb (no cbbsb cb oypT>), lOaoay 
BilOaaa; B^TpBcxaat: (Lancelot) du Lac bxij lonee (b^ Hepao- 
ropiB AOfcea — npapoAaoe Bjni acKyccTBeaaoe CKonjieaie boabi, bi> 
poAtCojbmofijryacB). Xpoaojioraqecaifi jh 3to npH3aaKi) bjb noaasa- 
Tejib 6ojibniaro hjh Meabinaro aarepeca ki> toS bjib Apyrofi uoatcTB? 

ITepeaAeM'b k^ aaajB3y HcTopia bi> cbbsb ci> aeaeuiaacKOH) 
no3Mofi Bovo no cnacay Jlaypeauiaabi b yAaacKBM^ OTpbiBKaMi>, 
BOcnojraaK)niBHi> oriacTBero npo6tJibi^). Bi> jaypeauiaacKot noairfe 
HGAocTaerb aaqaja, aoropoe TaKT> BocnoJiBaeTca pyccKBMt TeKCTOMT>: 

c(I3(ko nacMO roBopbir: Jlo6pbiJi Myacy, 6or tb 6yAb aa noMOH a 
BxoBan TA u;t CMepTB a ivt sjioe npwroAbi ! Xoqy BaM ooBeAaxH 
Ao6pyio noBecTb uj KraBAoae Abtobckom^ KBAacaxa b w ero Cbiae, 
w aejiBKOM B cjaaaoMi pbmepy Eoae. Toxi> KrBflAoai> xpa6pbia 
KoaaBKi> SbiJi), aje ivAay peq 3je BqbIBBJl^, Bac b nac acoabi ae 
noBAJX, ajie kojh* aace cxapt 6bijn>, xofaw dobaji atoay 3 aejiBKoro 
ojieHeaa, b waa ero ne Mejia bb 3a iuAHa ntae3. H a nepaya) aoii> 
KOJB c bbmi> cnajia, nonajia wx aero cbiaa. A aoia abiouia Mtceuu 
Aaea, a aaa poABJia cbiaa uyAaoro cxaopeaA, a kojib ero apecxBia, 
Aajifl BMA eny Boao. H rdK^ noqaJi> pocxa, a we ero nopy^bij. 



») nocjit 307, 479, 1154 h 1262 cthxobt.. Cji. Rajna bt, Zeit8chrift f. rom. 
Philologie 1. c. CTp. 154. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



248 



A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 



uuAHOMy cjymedHBKy ceoeMy CBMGajAy, n u^hi ero xoboj 6ojiiuefl 
flflSJB ceMi roAi*. H u^Hoe ahta 3a TyK) ceMi> roAi> Bii3pocjo ae- 
MOJO, a 6hu BejuuB neKHoe u;co6bi, napcyua eny 6bua mKi> poms.^ 
a BOJOCbi M'lxb Hcojrrbi tmi> aiOTO, b ienmoe ahta aaA Hero He 
MOVJLO CA saaBTH. 

TyrB BepHBMO ca, noBeAasMo woat rairb Hcona KrBHAOHOBa 
3ry6Bjra nana CBoero Ao6poro KrBBAona, a en Gbijio bma MepeTpbici». 

WnsLtn naHH uuahofo lacy no paay BCTaBmbi b yCpaja ca y 
A06pbie maxbi b yMbua ca boakok) poHcanoK) b norjieAtja ca b aep- 
Kajio H peHe». OrcioAa HaHBHaercn BeHeuiaHCKiH reKcrb; npHBO- 
AHMX OTpbiBOKi CFO en regard ci> pyccKBMi> B^b AonasaTejibCTBO 

BX-b 6iB30CTB: 



1. «Mar MeLtnio pare el mio pa- 

renta 
Cheasse vechio tnarido m'a dona^ 
Che nonn-dfar la mia volunta; 
No m'ay Dio se no men aver5 ven- 

dich^\)> 
Un siio segreto eUa apella 
Lo qual Bizardo fo chiama 
Chi era suo homo e de son mastia. 
«Rizardo», disse la donna, «intend^ lo 

mV parlli: 
AUa zitd di Maganea ti convien 

andar; 
Dirai a Dudon che t'avi a parlar; 
Da mia parte faven a salutar, 
E di che Vatno plu che pare ni 

mar; 
CPaUui me volsi vduntera mari- 

tar; 
Non voVmio padre nk'l mio par 

r&nta. 
Qt4esto St ve digo ch'elV i la ve- 

ritd^ 
Dili che con sua zente elo si deha 

arm^ 



BeAa HH, tumo mou wmeu u mou 
pod noKneyjiH ha, tAOfc ma aa mmo 
cmajxno Myoica doAU^ uoic wh ne 
MOOK^em Mu Ky eoAu eufAHtmiu. H 
nptaaeaAa wduow ceoew CAyotce6' 
HUKa, KomopoMy 6tAM> uma Pvmap- 
do, u pene CMy: Iloedh Kb lopody 
Matanuy do KHAOfcamu Jlpdoua, ao 
Moero Mnjoro, n noadpoeu eio wm 
Mene, 6o mu ecm ecAMU MUA^ ne 
nyuieu wmm UMamepbi; u xonrnAa 
ecMU 3a neto noumu, aM nexomejvb 
MOU sxmeu u mou pod. Aje th ro- 
Bopy: nocjyxu mii b tomi cnpaeoio 
cepua H MOBi eMy: nexau sSepem 
ceoux Afodeu nAmnadmrnh muceneu 
do6po%o Afody affpoumio, a nexau 
nptjiudymb ' esAfitu Anmon %pad^ a 
cmoAU ffu eh Ayse wm CnAopaeeuA^ 
a a 6 mem uac nauMto Kieudoua 
e Aoe; wm ne w3Mem 3h co6oh> 
Ofcadnoe 36pou u CAyth ne wsMemb 
6oAWh deadbufitmu lonaKoeb, a maM^ 
Mootcemh wmua ceoeto CMepmh nojN- 
cmumu; u \)03Metu tpad ceatiMU 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIB POMAHA H nOB^CTB. 249 

Chon. XV. mUia ckavalieri presa: ModMu u ece me nancmeo mo6th 
Si vengha a prendere Antonia la ffydem, a Mem coStb wsMeiu aa 

citta. otcany. 
In lo boscho de Sclaravena so dehia 

inboscha: 
lo mandero lo dux Guidon a cazar, 
E chon si nonn-averra arme apor- 

tar; 
Venti jsoveni baealer Vavera con- 

pangnar^ 
Delia morte del suo pare se pora 

vendicar, 
Po' avera colla eente la cita con- 

g^istar; 
DeUa contrada fard la suo vo- 
luntas 
Po'sl m'averaper nioyer a spoxarn. 

PeqapAO OTKasbiBaeTca: HenouosH mb 6orb ecjB 6kix tom ao- 
exaju) (29 N6 m'ay Di', diss'ello, sili avefo andar), ho aeHa Tsb- 
Aoaa rposBTb aohcctb na Hero Myay, qro ohi> xorfejiTj e6 BsnacB- 
jOBaib, B Fbbaoh'b «ta BejBT ujfiecBT 3a ropjio» (35 per la ghola 
apichar) ^). PBqapAO corjiamaeTCfl (nanB, Mory ra btohbtb na tboh) 



1) A'fl cpaBHeeiii npuBeAj orpuBOK'b TOCKancKaro TeKcra (oepeeexeHBaro 
c-h 4»paBKO-HTajiiaHCRaro opHrHHajia=Marc. XIII), HaftAeHHaro Pafisoft: aQaando 
tattj si sono partiti elPalba chiarita e'l sole lerato, la relna Brandoria sissi ley6 
del suo letto addorno e vestissi e calzossi; e calzata e restita sissene fa ita a nno 
spechio e pose mente a sao figura. E yeggiendosi cos\ bella figura incominci6 
forte mente a pensare e con gran doglia incomincib addire : In che mal'ora fn io 
nata ad essere maritata assi yecchiol Ghemmi vale cittii e castella, o oro o ar- 
giento, priete di gran valuta, quando non posse contentare le voglie miel Ben 
h il mio padre di gran possa, che per richezza mi potea con sao tenere. £ cosl 
ragionando frass^ stessi sen'and5 ad ana finestra sopra la marina cherrigaardava 
inn'ogni parte sopr' alia terra dov'ella 2t signoreggiare; e cosl rigaardando sent! 
asignaoli e altri accieUetti inn'nn giardino a pi& del palagio cantare; dor'ella 
molto addolorata cominci6 addire: oOgni animate si rallegra ed io mi contristoI» 
diciendo di ci6 fame vendetta, wLassa a me tapina, che mai fa io nata, chissono 
Btata data a an vecchio che non mi pa6 sollazzare nella notte nd il die». E cosi 
dolendosi sissi rammenta di Daodo di Maganza, che oOra t'avessi io in mia balial 
Io farei la taa voglia e ta faresti la mia!» E cosl diciendo e diliberata di man- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



250 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

BOJiK) = 37 madona io faro vostra voluDtA), caAHTca ea «hhoxoa- 
HHKa» (=39 palafren), wupwexaji na ABop J^oaohobtj h Bmojrt y 
najiauTji) (=:44 vene ala pla^a, sul palago monti), cooOmaerb ^o- 
AOHy nopyqeaie CBoefi rocno»H. Ptsb PHiapAO Bt BeHeuiaHCKOMt 
xeKcrfe Cojite paaBBxa, ntMi bi pyccKOMi, ho btj oxnoBtAH Jlo- 
AOHa o6a cxoAaxcfl: «KypBbiH Cbiey, 6or Aae xo6e jhxo (68 Dio te 
dia mal afar), Kpbqaoh ecxi> AoSpbie pbmap ea kohh y36poH, kojh 
ivH yfiHji iDXua Moero, h mh* xoe-« Mo«ex yqbiHHXH. WJh xe6e no- 
cjia^ Ha jiaayqiiCXBe (71 Elo per quel tradimento si v'^ qui 
maudar); He homohch mh 6orb, ec^H xa He bcjk) wetcnx)) (72 Non 
m'ay Dio s'io no-ve fago apicar). PHiapAO npocHXT> ero AOBt- 
pHXbCfl eMy, a noKa ne AOBtAaexcn, hxo ohT) roBopexi npaBAy, no- 
caAHXb ero bt> xeMHHuy. nBepe xan My my bhwhexh)) (83 Per ia mia 
fd, cossi te far5 far'); cji. 518 Si m'ay Dio, io no ve la voio do- 
nar= eepo-mb ero He ahm. 

JlfinoKb tjudVb Kb ropoAy Anxony ct> bohckomT); bcko^hjii na 
KOHH, Aame c(3a cxpbiMA ce ne npbiHAjii» (88 streve non ave piar); 
c(rdXMaHOM /I,aH Aji6pbiro, 6pax ^oaohob Mym yAajibiH» (91 Dan 
Albrigo lo confalon porta — Fradelo era de Dodon Io renegi). 
Ohb ocxanoBHJiHCb bi yKaaanHoarb Mtcxt, B-b Jiyry «tux CKjiapa- 
BeHAo, KyAa scena nocbuaexi FBHAona: ona SepeMenHa, en aaxo- 



dargli inbasciata, ed escie fuori della camera e va giii per le scale ed cscie fuori 
del palagio e scontrossi in un suo scudiere molto suo segreto, e dolciemente Io 
prese asalutare: «Ben ne venga 11 mio Sire!» Ed e'rispose: <(Dio vi dia il buon 
die e vo* ben vegniate) Madonna. Chevvi piacie? A ogni vostra ubbidienzia sono: 
comandate mi ci6 che vi piacien. Ella donita rispose: aBen te lo dir6. E'ti con- 
verrk, giurare di servirmi e tenermelo segreto; ed io t'inprometto renderti buon 
meritOD. EIlo scudiere rispose: aA ogni vostro comandamento prometto di servirvi 
di cosa chemihi sia in possibile, insin da mettere la vita. E giuro alle sante Dio 
vangielle di fare vostra volontiiw. Kor^a oht. yanaerb, hto euj CA^xyerh ornpa- 
BKTbCfl K-b AyoAO, OH^ FOBopHTb: aMadouna, io non vi voglio andare, altro che 
male nonn'^ vostro pensato, e per male volete vada. Duodo di Maganza ^ nemico 
del mio signiore. Per tanto pensate d'altro messaggiereo. Ona rpoauTB, hto no- 
>KajiyeTCii MyH(y, 6yAT0 om. xoTta-b ee HdHacHiosaTb; Antonio (= Rizardo Apy- 
THxi* TeKCTOBT>) CAaeTCfl, H Brandoria caAHTca nHcaxb nncbMO K'b JljOMfi' 

^) B-b Buovo in 8 rima PunapAo ne oocaweni* bi> TeMHHoy, a BosspauiaeTCfl 
Ki> MceH-b FBHAOHa, Brandonia. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31> BCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTR. 251 

Ttjocb «3BepbiHBoro MAca» (103 salvadexine, Aaj'l^e: 3Bepbiubi = 
105 id), He AOCTaoerb-jiB uuhtj? PBBAOH'b tAeTi ea oxoiy ci Ae- 
CBTbK) WHaKaMB (108 vinti Qoveni; 113: XX nobeli infant); bb- 
ABTb ero ^OAOH'By roBopBTb: ccKreBAOHe Ahtohckbb, To6t npbimoji 
HBHe nooieAHBB a^h (122 finimant). Kpbbaoh noqyBmbi no^aji 
DJiaKaTB B BAapbu ca dactk) b ppjAB MOUHO (124 Leva la pugno 
per lo peti serand) r peqe: BtAHbia Kpbbaoh b sjoqacxeH, to ecrb 
yHbiHBja Mora woHa BjiaHAOA» (126 Blondoia; vv. 127 — 9: cjt- 
Ayerb MOJiBTBa cyAbfit Bobo, Koxopofi fftxT) BipyccKOMi) xeKcrt). 

rBBA0HT> yCBTb, A0A0HT> ^AeTB KTj AHTOHy, PA* HaXOABTb «y3B0A» 

(li pont) onymeHHbiM'b; «a Kypsa «OHa KpBBAOHOBa (140 la pu- 
tana) npoTBB eMy Bbimjia b peie eny: Ao6pe ecB opbimoj, BOBHBqe 
(142 conbatant), nopy6Bji jnn ecu KPBBAona, KOTopbiB MHt He mbji 
6biji a HB baatoh? WJh peqe: YChji €Cmb epo, naHB. — 3a to xo^y 
Aax Ha AGBCT AecAT MOJiBTOB (144 Mile marg^ ve rand). H tuaa 
epo y3AJ!a 3a pyKy b Bejia epo y tuAHy KOMopy» (= 145 E la 
meltris per la man lo prand, In una camara lo menk a tant). 

JIk)AB EBBAOHOBbl XOTHTb yAaJBTbCfl B3'b POpOAa, A0A0H1> BX1> 

yAep»cBBaerb. CKpbijicfl b Bobo; epo ABAbKa CBM6ajibA0 (Sinibaldo) 
BCWAy epo Bmerb, coKpymaexcfl: «IW 6eAa MHt, wTeu MepTBT>, a 
CbiHa HtT» (158 tristo, mal aguri, Morto 6 lo pare, lo fiol 6 mal 
guarda). OhT) naxoABTb ero bT) KOHwrant noA'b acjihmb, POBOpBTb 
oCT) ofiificTBt OTi^a, cnpamBBaerb, M0»en m oht> AotxaTb Bep- 
xoMT» AO «CBAT0P0 CBMBaHa ppaAa» (San Simon), xpHAaaxb Jitrb 
TOMy HasaAi) noAapeHHapo eny reBAOHOMi); eciE6'b Ao5paTbCfl ao 
Hopo, OHi> CTBJL'h 6bi BoeeaTb cb ^oAOHOMi). Bobo copjiaceai; Cbm- 
CaabAO TaftHO Bbrfe3maeTT> cb hbmt>, cwhomti Tepbi30MX (Teris) b 
mecTBAecBTbK) KOHHbiMB, Ao6pbiMB lOHaKaMB (182 LX chavalieri 
apari^). Ojiwh b3t> ero cnyTHBKOB-b, Aaxfee Ha3BaHBbiH PbwapAO 
(Ri^ardo), BepnyjicH c-b nyTB, qxofibi AOHecTB o6o BcewT) AoAony, 
KOTopbiH nycKaeTCfl bt» uopohw 3a CtpjeitaMB, TOPAa KaKT> Pbi- 
qapAO napoHflerb cbobxtj, Bbi3biBaeTCfl pa3y3HaTb, qxo 3a jiwab bxt> 
npecjitAyR)TT> (CBMCajibAO pobopbti eaiy no axoMy noBOAy: IIoeAb, 
6opy ta nojieuaM — 6o ne 3Hajr, raxo na spaAe xoahji=219 A Dio 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



252 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

t'acomant, ch'elo no savea del tradimant), ho BMtcTO xoro, sep- 
HyBmHCb Ri> AoAOHy, BejHTb eny nocnimHTb, a daTtMi CHOBa 
tAerB Ki> CHM^ajibiiy. Bbabtb ero B3AajH Tepsisx, roBopHTi>: 
alWxHe, TO MH CA BH^HT jiasyKa, noe^y ra, b^uhk) ero MepTBa» = 
232 Pare, diss'elo, quel me par tradiment, Lass^me andar, sil 
faro dolent). Oht> yfiHBaerB ero. 

«TyTT> «CA BMT> He*opTyHa (esmeneventura) CTaja»: Bobo 
ynaji^ ci> kohh, a ^oaohi noAXBaxHjnj ero. «WJ Boace-BejEKm, 
rziKara 6ojeCTb Hamja ca!» (245 Dio, que dol, che Synibaldo no 
sen'adi!). CnMCajibAO kphtotb JI,0A0Hy: «H)Haqe (251 baron), BepHH 
ero \x)UHTyXO^^wb ero cDTKyuHTH, u)3mh sanero mTO xo^em, aecJiH 
He Bcxo^em, ^OAOHe, noAt 6okk) npbiCAroFo (252 Per quel apod- 
tolo chi pelegrin vaquirant) nepseH xoqaM noMpaxH, hhhc ero Aara 
Ha cpaMOTyw. Oh3> ^Aerb 3a ^oaohomt* ao BopoTb AHTona, ho cbo- 
ero He aoChjch. Co6paBT> bohcko (261 Quatro cento soldadi; 
no3AHie pyccKiH reKcrb Aaerb eiay 10 xbiCHH^), obt* KaatAWH Aenb 
Boioerb noA'b AHTOHOM'b, «b He cMeiH jiioah h3 ropOAa sbixoAHTH 
KT> aapKBH noMOJHTH CA 6ory, noKB rpexAra qacxb aha BbiHAex» 
(263 Queli dentro no-se ossa acorlar S'el no-e ben terija passa'). 
OxHomeHifl namero xcKcxa kt> anHHecKHMij aMnjH^HKaniflM'b bc- 
HeaiaHCKOH ntcHH jierKo ycMoxptxb h3t> cjtAyiomaro conocxaBJie- 
Hia: «H wahofo qacy xaio Kypaa Mapexpbic pe^e ^OAony: Dane, 
AOKOJie 6yAeM xaKi, 6e3 dokoa hcwxh? 6o noKyjib xox 3J0AeH cxapbin 
6yAe HCbiB, He MOHceMi> tux Hero bhokoa utxH. (AJni* opbiBCJii 3i> co- 
Cow Aecexb xHce^BH BOBCKa noA Ahxohhk), a b xeCe b ropoAe ecx 
xpbiA'buax xHcei. H noAofiaja ca eMy ee pe^i, h xoxi> qacT> Bcjexb 
y pon> xpyfiHXH, h cofipaja ca hxt> xpbiAuaxb xBceHi* kohhwx h 
Aofipbix 36poHHbixi>. H c xbiMH JiioAMH exajiit npocxo AO CBAXOrO 
CcMHtDHa H opbiXArHyji) xaai, nocjiaji'b ao CHMfiaj^Aa nocja h ao- 
6biBaji ropoAa. A CHM6aji>A0 3 ropoAa 6opoHHJii> ca, h xaMi 6bU0 
BiepxBbix Ha KX)6e cxopone MHoro». 

265 Dcla meltris eo ve voio contar. 
Ben per tenpo ela fo ]eya\ 
De richi drapi ela s'adoba\ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> yCTOPlH POMAHA H OOB'&CTB. 253 

Yene a Dodon, silo domand^: 

oMeser, diss'ela, or entendi ^a. 

Mu-DO poremo viver dentro da-8ta citk 

Infin cheU traditor morto no ser^. 

XY milia chavalieri con vu avi men^, 

Ben altretanti ue trovari in la citk: 

Fe sonar lo corno, si li fe adobar, 

Eli serk ben. XXX. milia chavalieri apari^, 

Suli destreri ben arm&, 

Fin a San Symon no-ve astala', 

Prenderi lo gloton sil far! apicar^. 

Dodon rintende, si prexe a parlar: 

aMadona, diss'elo, ben m'avl consi^*: 

In pid se leva, f^ lo corno sonar, 

Eli fo ben. XXX. milia chavalieri armli; 

Dan Albrigo lo confalon portk. 

Esse d'Antona, pla no demor^, 

Inver San Sjmon tosto cavalc^, 

Infin al castelo Dodon no se arest4 

E Tasedio a Sinibaldo messo ^, 

E gran bataia al castelo donk. 

Eli se defende e molti morti n'k. 

Bi nepsyK) HO«ik Jifij^on-b aMaraHeuKiio (de Maganga) smjiflTh 
coHT>, 6yAT0 BoBO npoKOJiojT> «eMy cepua Hyxpofiyw (293: lo cor e 
lo figit), B nocbuaerb AaHi> AjSpbiro ki BjaHAOHi, qT06i> ohi 
pascKaBaji efi ero coH-b (paacKaai o CH-fe nosTopfleTCfl hi pyccK. 
H BeHeu. TCKCTaxi), a oua npaciajia 6bi eny Bosa, Koroparo ohI} 
xoHerb noryCHTb. fl^au-h AjibSpbiro oxopaBJifleTCfl c-b era WHaKaiaH 
(307 chavalieri) — citAyerb s-h BeHeuiaHCKosn> xeKcrfe nponycK-b 

Bl> OJlMWb JIHCrb, BOCnOJHHeMblfi yAHHCKBATb <i>parMeuTOU'b : aB Ha- 

moAmbi uaHBH) BjiaeAOio b nosjipoBBJ'b ee J^OAOuoBbiM no3iipo- 

BCHBCM B MOBBJ 68 Bl peibl ^OAOHOBOB. l^Ha pCKJa: ^JIA jaCKB 

tuTua BoBOBa He nomjuo ero ki ^oAOHy, ajie xoqy ero xyxi axpy- 
xflXB 3aflcxe (Ud. v. 10 cjtA.: E la meltris dama comenQa a par- 
ler: «Don Albrigo, or ve torn6 arier E dire a mo sire ch'io non 
lo vo' mander. Per araor de son pier lo voio atuer). H JI,aH Aj- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



254 A. H. BECEJOBCKlii, 

6pbiro c TbiM noexajii> ki> ^oAOHy, a naHH eejiejia Bobe 3aMKHyTH 
B vJUAHy KOMopy (Ud. v. 16 ^anbra). H 6biji tb,mi> Bobo hatb ahbh 
(Ud, V. 17 ben .V. di) He caa a he nnra, h no'iaji'fc KpwqaTH: 
WJ MaxH, Maem sejiBKHH rpfexi aac ma xoqem xaKoio CMepxbH) 
yMopbiTH (Ud. V. 19—20 Ai, mia mier, tu fa torto e pe§i6, Che 
a cotal morte tu me fa transuer). H uina xoe yHyBinbi, He movib, 
cxepntxH H no3Bajra ivAHy A^BKy h nam en bcjimh sjiyio xpyTHSHy 
H'peqe: 3aMecH y xecxe, Hcneqw wahh xjiteeitT. (Ud. v. 29 — 30 
E del plu malvasio tosego che se posa trover Tuto lo pan avri 
intenperer) h ooHeca MoeMy cbmy BoBy h mob eMy: TlosAopo- 
BJAexb XA MaxKa h Bejiejia xo6t mobhxh: 3a acajocx, Koxopyio Maio 
CO CMepxB xBoero tuxaa, aafibura ccmh xe6e, h kojh Aopocxera, 
AaM XH xBoero tuxqa 36poK) h KOHb» (Ud. v. 33 cjtA. E dis61i che 
de la morte de son pier son fost desconsole, Che io de luy non 
m'o arecord6. Quando le sera cresuto e fato ci?aler, Le raxon de 
son pier a?er5 a doner, E da mia parte I'averi a saluder). 

flfiUL'ie BeHei^iaHCKlH h pyccKifi xeKCxbi CHOBa HAyxT> pbaomi: 
BSBB-b B'b ((tufipycfew (toaia 308; Ud. v. 38 tovaia) ABa xjiCa c-b 
axpyxH3H0K)» (310tosego; Ud. v. 40 id.) ^) A*BKa HAexT> B-bKOMopy 
(311 camara; Ud. v. 41 canbra) ktj BoBt, 3a neio aboo rojiOAHbixT> 
meHflXT> (cani 312; Ud. v. 42 livrer); OHa noBxop«exT> cjOBa 
MaxepH, Aaexi> BoBt xjit6i> (ne ABa xjii6a), nomjia, ho OAyMajiacb: 
efi acajib MajbHHKa; BepHyBraacb, OHa BejHxi CMy He tcxb oxpa- 
B^eHHaro xjitOa. c<ilaH mh CKH6y» (Lo pan me dona' 334; Ud, v. 65 
vianda), roBopHxi, efi Bobo, pasptsajii oahht> xjit6i> nonojiaMi h 
AaexT> AByMi «Bbi»jaMX» (b^ Benea. h yAHHCKOMx* xeKcxt onbm> 
CA'feJ!aHT> jHmb cb OAHHMT> Hvrer)^), y Koxopbixii oxt> xoro «u/qbi 
BbiCKaKajiHD. — BtrcxBO Bobw; nepeBOAHHKi npHHBJii ^afa 3a 
palaQo H nepcBCJTb: c<Bbimoji c KOMopbi y naAau^ a c naAauy no- 
etri H3 3aMKy)) = 344 Vene ala sala, de fora scanpit — E in la 



1) 6i> TOCKaHCKoifb TOKCT^ (= 4»paHKo-HTajiiaHCKOMi>), HafiAeHHOM-b PailHoil: 
nno pavone atossicato e una schiacciata e uno bottaggio di vino. 

3) B'b TOCKaHCROM'b (= •paRKO-HTaJiiaHCROii'b) TeKCTt PailHu : nna segngia. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POM AHA H nOB*CTH. 255 

plaga algan nol contrasta^). Ohtj CKmraercfl BixeqeHiH rpexT* Anen 
Bx BejiHKOMX «jiyrfe» = 349 gran bosco (Ud. v. 81 id.); <<h yBHAeji 
IDAHO npbicranHme y Mopa h nomoji k TOiwy npucmanuii^ ea 6e- 
pen> Mopa» = 354 6 gonto su la riva del mar (Ud. v. 86 rivaQo) 
KaK-b H B^ TpHCTaHt riva qacro nepcBOAHTca npHCTaHHmeiwb. Bobo 
mojihtch: «Bome Aafi mh* mhjioct (358 Dio, derae gratia; Ud. 
V. 90 iutorio) aCbix yTeK^ 3 mohm hcmbotom h mcthjuj Cbixii 
CMopTH uuTE^a CBoero. H CMOiptji Ha Mope h yBHAe^i ujaho cyAHO 
Ha Mopbi H He Mor ca AOKjHKaTH HXT)» (HHaqe 361 E vete una nave 
che no po plu avanti andar; Ud. v. 92 che non po avanti alier) 
H yBHAtjiT* ero oahht> wMopnapi)) (362 Un de li marineri); copoKt 
(366: XXX ani; Ud. v. 97 id.) Jitrb xoahjt> OH'b 3thmh MtcTawa, 
HHKoro He BHA'fej'L «KpoM c^AHO ABoe CKOxa a wAHoro JBa» (368 Se 
no bestie salvaxe e lion afami; Ud. v. 99 bestie salvaxe e lion 
abrev6); docmotphmt*, hto to aa ahth: wccjib OyAex xpecTAHHH, 
MoaceMi ero b3ath, a kojh noraHHH (372 saraxin; Ud. v. 103 id.; 
cj. Aajrte Benea. 378: E' tu cristian, saraxin o pagan = xpecTA- 
HHH a6o JLJH HoraHHHx; Ud. v. 109 se-vu cristian o pagan d'oltra 
mier), Mbi He 6epbiM0». Bobo roBopHTb, qro OH-b xpHCTianHHTj, 
oxem ero «MJibiHap)) (382 pestrinar; Ud. v. Ill pestriner), a Maxb 
KopMHTca TfeMTj, ^TO MoeTL Ha Goraxbixt jhoaoh KomyjiH; BOceMb 
AHee KaKi oht> 3a6jiyABjiCH, HH^iero ne txb h ne ^HJI^ (383 L'altro 
di con ley me coroca*, Ben 6 VIII ^orni no bevi nfe manga' ; cj. 
Ud. V. 114 — 115) ^). Mopnapbi Cepyrb ero ct> coCow h anoraJiH 



') Ud. V. 75: E de for dela canbra Bovo ei sen vien, E vient a le pla^e li 
nobel bacalier, E non trova chi li fese destorbier; s-b TOCKaBCKOMi> (= <i»paHRO- 
HTajiaHCROiTb) TeRcri^ PafiHu: escie dalla torre.... E dipoi guarda per lo palagio 
e non vide persona; partisi e venne gid del palagio; e smontato ch'ene, vassene 
per la cittade. 

2) Ci. TOCRaHCRiA (= <i»paHRO-HTaji>iiHCRifi) TeHCTb PallHU : «Messere, io mi 
fo chiamare Agostino. Mio padre fa fornaio [e] mia madre lavava panni a prezzo. 
E sono della valle di Pinzona, [e] mio padre mi fae morto, [e] mia madre mi yolle 
ayelenare. E fommi morto mio padre, ed io era piccolino. Io mi fuggi'o. B-b xpy- 
roin> M-i^cTi^ 061^ oti;^ ohi> rosopHTb: si gnardava nn mulino e facieya pane a Ten- 
dere; bi* rpetheu-h u^ct% OH'b HasBanx: pistoriere; B-b «ieTBepTOMx: mngnaio [e] 
fornaio. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



256 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

no ApyroMy Mopy» (389 Talto mar, Ud. v. 120 alto mer, KaK'b 
CyATo: I'altro); Bobo noxopomtjn>, ajitninoe ahta He Morjo Cmth 
Ha BtKH». Cj. v. 393: 

Lo fant' b plu belo de roxa de pra. 

£lo k li caveli pla beli d'or filk, 

Le brage grosse, lo pagno qaar&, 

Granda Tinforcadura per in destrer ben star. 

Plu bel fante no se poria trovar. 

(Ud. V. 124: Li fant vien plu belo de rosa de pre, Li cav6s 
abondi, quant oro smer6, Li braQ grosser e li pugno inquar^. 
La forcadura grande, ben staria in destrier: Li plu bel fant che 
may nas6 de mier). «Cjiyacbi mh* 3a crpaByw (399: al manQar; Ud. 
V. 130 mangier; A&Jite wopbi u>6biAe»), roBopHTb euy oabht> Mop- 
Hapi; cjiyacH mh*, roBopHrt Apyrofi, h nepBbifi xeCfl yBHAtji. 
Ohh roTOBbi noccopBTbCH H noApaTbCH, HO BoBO saflBjiHerby ^to 
pasAtJHTb MeHCAy hhmh cboko cjy»(6y; aA0(5pe mobht» (407 EVh 
ben parl^; Ud. v. 140: parl6), roBopflrb ohh. — CyAHO npHCxaerb 
KT> ApMenie (Armenia; Ud. v. 142 Arminia), rAt uapcTByerb 
Kopojib ApMeHBji>, sA'i^cb ne HasBannbii bi> BeneuiaHCK. TeKcrfe; 
cji. AaJite 564 Arminion (Ud. v. 172 Arminiun) h bi 8-a rima: 
Un re che Erminio si facea chiamare. Ero noflBjieHin na 6epery 
H Toprb cb MopHapaMB, y KOTopwxi oirb noKynaerb Bobo 3a wabba- 
UBTb jiBxp-b 3J0Ta» (435 Trenta marche d'oro.= Ud. v. 170; bt> 
8 -a rima: cento bisanti) pascKasaHbi bi oGoHx-b TeKcraxi ci> He- 
6ojibraHMH OTjrHHiflMH ; nepeBOAHHK^ nepeAaji nave 413= Ud. v. 1 47 
CJOBOMI «ApeBO)) (ht. legno), proda 412,415, Ud. v. 150 nive = 
cyAHO, la nave armigi 421, Ud. v. 156 = «cyAHO KT>6epery npbi- 
TArHyjH»; KopojibcnpamBBaerbyMopuapoBio BoBt: aqbi 3Bamoro 
ropoAa?» (429 del vostro parentJi; Ud. v. 164 de vostro barn6), 
a Kb HOMy o6pamaeTCH ci> cjobbmh: Xpa6pbmH4e, xpa6pdHHqe = 
438,442 (cj. 464) valeto, oqeBBAHo no CMtmeHiEo Cb valente 
(Ud. V. 173 Fant; cj. v. 177). Kopoib ahbhtch Kpacorfe Bobo: 
<(U) CBflTard MapbiA, 6b] Tbi Gbu 3 mohmb abopchmh a6o 3 mohmh 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 257 

xjioiiATbi!» — 418 Santa Maria, lo Re si parli, Mo fos'tu mio 
scudero e de mia fameia (cj. Ud. v. 153 — 4). «A kom Cbijio TaKT>, 
t^Kh nucMo toeopumh^ 6hu Bubo 40Tbipbi foabi y KOHiomHH cjy- 
sce^bi MamrajepoMiw = 445 S^eV e cossi vero como dixe lo cantar^ 
Ben .Iin. ani state Bovo in Armenia la cita (cj. Ud. v. 1 80 — 2). Bet 
roBopflTb ero Kpacorfe, xo^ierb BHAtTb ero h AO^b Kopojfl /^py3iaHa. 

452 La gentil dona an dixenar k orden^; 
A ben. LX. done ela h fato apariar. 
£ Draxiana su per la sala and^; 
Baroni e cavalieri per ley se driya, 
Medeximo so pare in pi^ se lev^. 
«Fiola, diss'elo, que te plax comandi? 
El no h toa uxanga de vegnir qaa». 
•Pare, disse Druxiana, eo vel voio contar. 
A done ben. LX. e' don dixenar. 
Ele son bele, servidor mester li fa» 
aFia, disse lo Re, to'ne a toa volant^)). 
La dona and6 da Bovo, si lo domand^: 
oYaleto, deli altri fanti con ti menera' 
De fin a. XX., si m'averi servir e apariar». 
Bovo respoxe: «A vostra volants. 
aFanti, disse Draxiana, va me servirl al mangaro. 
«Ma-dona, disse Bovo, si come va comandaV 
Po' li di^ dePaqoa, ele se asenUk. 
. La dona no po niente man^ar, 
De gaardar Bovo no se po sa^iar. 
In le soe man un pane ave piar 
E un cortelo ch'd ben afil^: 
Per grand' ira del pan volea taiar. 
E lo cortelo de man in terra and^, 
Soto la tola elio rodol^. 
Alora Bovo si se pieg^ 
Soto la tola per lo cortelo piar. 
S'el d cossi vero come dixe lo cantar (cm. Ud. v. 187 — 214). 

PyecKifi H yAHHCKifi xeKcrbi BOcao.iHflK)Ti> cjitAywmyH) jaKyay: 
«njieBieHHAa JlfiymHeuuB.^ (Ud. v. 215 la Qentil dona) Hareyjacb 
noKb cTOJi> H noutjioBajia Bobo. Boh ara cuena pascKaaaHa noqrn 

C6opHn% II Otx. H. a. H. 17 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



258 

TEK^ce, KaKT, BT> HTajiaHCKOMi>, 3a BbiqexoMt HtKOTopbix-b aneie- 
CKHxi noBTopeHifi. He nepeBeACHO 469 (naKi h 1491): Po' li die 
del' aqua, noroMy jih, qxo nepeBOAWKy HenoHflreHTi hjh HCHSBt- 
cxeirb GhWh djovb sacTOJibHbiH o6biqafi,' o6m,ee Mtcio BCHKaro 
anHHecKaro onHcamfl sanaAHaro oG^Aa? Btpeo, no KpaftHefi Mtpt, 
«rro Bcrptqaa o6m.ee Bbipawenie adar dell'acqua alle iiiaai», oht» 
ero oCxoAHJi'b, xorAa KaKi. noApoCnoe onncaHie o6biqafl (v. 2430 
cjitA.) ODT) nepeBejfb xo^ho ^). Ci nACMenudou JfpyofcueHHOu mm 
BCxpt^aeMca B'b nepsbifi paai.; oS'bflCHeHie Aaexi Aaxfee mAeMe- 
uuda na«Ha» = 535 La gentil dona; njieMenHAa — HcnopqeHHoe 
cep6cKoe nAeMeuuma, 

Uocjrk ofitAa jI,pyacHeHa HAexT> bi cbok) JioacHHuy (Ud. v. 225 
vol alier a la Qanbra ponsier) h nocbuaexT> aa Bobo; nbixaexT> ero 
ero poA^-njieMeHB; OH'b roBopnx'b o ce6t, qx6 roBopHjn> h ko- 
pojiK); oHa He Btpnxx, «6o napcyaa xboa xoro He BKasyexb)) (Ud. 
V. 244 Fiq a putan, dit ela, vu non di verit6, Che non te loda lo 
servir ni I'afer). Om> npocHxcfl y Hen noixaxb bi nojie, no xpaBy 

KOHflMT*; B03BpamaflCb OXXyAa CT> BtHKOM'b HBT) xpaBT* Ha rOJOBt 

(Ud. V. 253 ^irlanda), bhahxt> noA'b ropoAOM^ bohcko MapKoCpyHa 
(Ud. V. 258 Marchabrnn che Polonia mantien), npi-fexaBinaro CBa- 
xaxbCfl aa KopojieBHy (Ud. v. 261 Ch'6 vegnii per Drusiana per 
muier)^); cama «njieMeHeAa /I,pyaKHeHHa» CMOxpHxx Ha xypHHpx, na 
KoxopoMi 6bexcfl MapKoGpyHTj^). 3axoxi^ocb notxaxb xyAa h Bobo: 
OH'b npocHXT> y oAHoro bbxhsh ero inHXT>, «xoHy jiioAeMi> qbiHHXH 
cMexT,)) (Ud. V. 274 targe; v. 272 E de quela nostra Toit gran 
volont6; cj. v. 276), Biffecxo Konba 6epexT> b^ pyKH acepAb (Ud. 



1) 06i> dTOicb o6[ii«iai^ cji. Zeller, Die tfiglichen Lebensgewohnheiteo im alt- 
franzOsischen Karls-Epos. Marburg 1885, crp. 38 m cji^a. 

2) Ci. TOCKaHCKift (:=<»paHKO-HTajiiaHCRifi) TeKCTb PattHu : Qnesti sono signiori, 
ci6 i r^ Marcabruno che viene d'Apolloaia per yolere bigordare, che al tutto vuole 
Drusiana per moglie. 

3) Ci. Ud. V. 264 cjitA. E la ^ostra d fata per ordenamento tie], Che Drusiana 
ali balcon di^ ster A veder la (ostra deli baron civaler. £ quand la jentil dama 
non vork, pin garder, Ela si di^ far un corno soner, E li baron si di^ tnti quanti 
desarmer. Cji. npnii. PaHHU. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HS^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBliCTH. 259 

V. 281 stanga; a^tcb CHOBa HaHnHaexcfl BeHeuiaHCKiH TCKcrb), 
Bbi6Hjn> H3i> ciiua HtcKOJibKo KOHHbixi> naxojiKOBi> H 3atxaBi «y Be- 
jiHKBH xypnaH)) (487 in la magor pressa = Ud. v. 289; cji. Bee. 
590 En la pressa = y 6oh) cCpacwBaerb caMoro MapKoOpyna, ho 
CHOBa cantaerb Ha kohh. MapKoGpyHi one<]ajieHi>^); pbiuapn ccpoao- 
CpajH CA» (499 se desarm^), a Bobo, oiAaBij amrh ero xosflHHy 
H npHCJOH0BT> HepAb KT> BopoxaM'b, OTKy^a ee bshjii, HAerb, Bce 
Bi TOMT* a;e BtHKt, BT) KouwniHK) OTAOXHyxb; «a napcyna ero 6bija 
jenmeH uHffiJiH uuahh i^aerb* (512 flor de pra; Ud. v. 316 rosade 
pre). Kt> HCMy npHxoAHTb ^pywHeHa, npocHrb Aaxb en BtHom* «a6bix 
ero CTBoee JiacKH nocHjia; h pene Bobo: IlaHHO, ne Ao6pe mobhui h 
BCJHK rptxx Maem (516 vu di' torto e vilta; cji. Ud. v. 320), kojih 
Tbi CAKHHBeHeaxoqeratuTMeHe hochthd. Ofla epaHnrb ero (nypsbiH 
CbiHy=:523 Fiol de putana), rposHTb noacajOBaxbCfl oxny, hxo 
OHT> xoxtjfb y^HHHXb eft nacHJiie; Bobo 6pocaexT> BinoKi (ne Morb 
HHaiTb yqbiHirrH = 530 el non po altro far). Oua axHMi HeAOBOJbHa: 
aJI,aH XH Oovb 3J0, KypBHHT> cbiHy» (538 Dio te dia mal, fiol de 
puta gadal; Ud. v. 342 Fig a putan, Dio te dun ingonbrer), 
roBopHXT> ona h noBxcpflexi npeacHioio yrpoay, ecjH ohi ho bo3- 
lomnLVb en BtnoKi) na roiOBy. Bobo axo Atjiaexi>, tne Morb HnaK 
yqbiHHXH)) (541 no po altro far); ona ero uijiyex^. 

Bl 3X0 BpeMfl npHUIJIR H3'b-3a MOpfl CapaUHHbl, Cb HHMH JlvKa- 

nep'b, wBejHKoro cojiMana cwhw (549 El soldan di Sadonia e 
Lucafer soa rita; 559: Lucafer de Boldras; b^Buovo in 8-arima 
cc. Ill — IV: Boldrace, ho bt> c. XXII: Sandonia), npocHxi 3a 
ce6fl ApyatneHbi. ApMCHHJi'b oxKa3biBaexT> h BMtcxt ct> MapKoCpy- 
homtj CbexcflCbHHMi. BinoeAHHKt ct> JIyKanepoMT> oH-b oxpa^JHji'b 
ero noA mbix h ho mop eny 3aniK0AHXH, 6o mbix 6biJ AoCpi, aje 
PBosAbe BbinaAajio, a Kone ca 3jaMajio» (570 So scu e si bon, non 



1) Cj. Ud. V. 296 cjt;i. E Marchabrun si fe soa qmt clamer,j: fe adober ben 
.c. civaler. E un conseio oit fato clamer: «E al ferir dele lan^e s\ Tavri atuer, 
E ^ascon me le fa^a trabu^er del destier, morto o vivo me le fa^e alieri), B la 
bela Drusiana ali balcoa est apu56 E vit li conseio de Marchabrun Tinperer; 
Amantinentc fi le corno soner. In qnclla fi& si parte I'inperer e Bovo U ber. 

17* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



260 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

po falsar niant, L'asta k rota, lo torson vola al canp). Tone cjy- 
nmocb H ci> MapKo6pyHOM'B, Koxopbm yAapHjii> Jlynaaepa «y lUbiT 
no3jiOEiofl (583 ad or smeri; cji. 705) h ho mopb ero npoCHXH, a 
Konie sjaitfaji)) (585 L'asta se ronpe, lo torson vola al pra). 

ApMeHHJTb H MapK06pyHl B3flTbl BTj njitHi. 

Me»Ay Tfemi Bobo, yaibimas-b kohckoc patame, Bsomeji Ha 
cctuAHH'L KraHOKX (595 A una fenestra Bovo se va apogant), ysH- 
AtJi c<rdp6^» (insegna) capauHHCKin h apMaucKm; B3omejii> ea 
ccCTeay 6poHHyK)» (598 peron) h ysHaerb oxi oAHoro xjionua 
(599 damixelo), ht6 cjynHJiocb cb Apmbhhjiom'b h MapKoCpynoMTj 
(rziKH-cb AoCpbiH MapKoCpyH = 604 Marcabrun Tamirant). Bobo 

HAeXTj BT> KOHWIUHK), HaXOAHTb XaMTj ^pymHCHy, KOTOpOH rOBOpHTT>, 

qxo ea oxeu^H «naHBm>)) (608 chi ve dovea spoxar) Bsaxbi bi 
njitHT>. Mbi 3axBopHMT> ropoAT), «xbi 6yAem oaHCXBa cero Kopony 
HOCHXHD (612 De tute ste contrade corona a?eri portar), roBopnxT* 
Ofla eMy. «H vjub peie: Mkt> xo Moace qoj!OBeKT> yqwaaxH, kojih ero 
nan 3a ntaesH Kynnj Ha poCoxy? Aje uiAHaqe Mymy xan 6bixH» 
(HOflCHOCXb pyccKaro xeKCxa BOcnojiHflexT* Hxa^iaHCKifi: 614 Ma- 
dona, disse Bovo, que se po Tomo aprixiar, Quando lo so signer 
lo conpra per dinar, Se ale bexogne nol va aydar?), noHAy ci 
opyacieH'b, bjih 3axBaxRBi> BHtcxo Hero atuAHO BejiHKoe ApeBO» 
(619 un gran baston quarado), ntmifi hjih KOHHbifi. ccTbi ntmi> ho 
noHAem^D, roBopHXT> emy jI,pyHHeHa, — ccxoiy xo6t AaxH 36poH) 
(h AoCporo koha) Fajibua, h AaM xh AoSpwH MeHT> KFJAAani^biK), 
KOxopbiH 6bij[ AoCporo AjHBepa, h xoiy xh Aaxb AoGporo koha, 
Koxoporo JienmbiH ho Moatexb Cwxh: wn 6bii i^ahh ax Hoxbipox, 
H He MOFja Ha ueM >KaAHat^ Ayma exaxB». 

622. Ela disse: Tu non andard desarmado: 

Dele arme delo Re Gala^o tu ser^ armado, 
Si te dar6 Chiarenza, lo bon brand amolado, 
— Po' fo Alteclera d'Oliver raprexiado — 
Si ve dar6 Rondelo, lo boD destrer asortado, 
Mior de la no fo mai trovado: 
El fo de 11. nil. run chi fo afadado. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fl3l HCTOPIH POMAHA B nOB^CTH. 261 

Lo cavalo d si fato e si norigado, 

Ch'el nol po cavalcar hon nado, 

S'elo DO d chavalier e fiol de Re incoronado. 

MuoriH noApo6BOCTB b naMeKB dTBXi ctbxobi>, mofjib 6bnh ne 
noHflTbi nepeBOA^BKOM-b, KoxopbiB AOBOJbBO 6JIB3K0, 3a onyn^eflieMi 
OABofi qepxbi, nepe^aji^ onBcaHie BoopyaceHifl Bobo: 

634 Alora Bovo veste Tusbergo, le ganbere cal^^,. 
Alag^ Telmo e in gran argon mont^; 
La bona spada al colo se git^, 
Lo forte scudo elo inbrag^, 
La grossa langa elo inpngn^. 

«JI ySpaji CA BoBO y 36poK) b B3Jioa«bu rejiMx na rjiaBy, a 
Ao6pb]B Mt^T) yuxemsji'h aa mbiio, b bsaji^ mbiTT> ea njieno b Konxe 
B pyKB)). Ha Bonpocx /I^pyacHeBbi, noqcMy oht> «ca MeqoBfb He 
u)nacajn>)), oht» roBopBTb, qro eme lonaK'b, a He BBTfl3b. Tor^a 
ona BejiBTb eiwy cjifexb cb kohb : OHa — ^o^b «KopojiA KopoHOBa- 
Horo, a y Benqbi ccmh KopyHCKOM» (646 Eo son fiola de Re e de 
Raina incorona'), MO»erb nocTaBBTb ero «BBTe3eM)), ho ajih topo 
efi HyatHO snaxb ero «poABHy» (651 parent^). Bobo roBopBrb, qxo 
ohtj cbiHT> Kopoja (653 dux honorJt), KOTopwH «;iepatajix AoOpbiH 
ropoA Ahtohhk)» (654 mantene.... la mirabel cita). Ona paAa, hto 
owb He xyAopoAHbiB, Aaerb emy coaymHHi^'i) (661 una gran golta'), 
onoacajia Me^OMi h roBopBTb: «He u;6i^yH me 3 jibxbmh h spaAJiu- 
BbiBiHD (663 Tradimento ni felonia no uxar). Ona «tu6j!anHJ!a» ero 
(6^4 Brago al colo li gita), a bi 3to BpeMa BXOAHrb HryjiBffb 
(bt> ApypoMTj Micrfe: AryjHHx = Ugolin), qxo HOCHJ'b «xopyroBT>» 
(592 confalon) ApMeHBJia, ynpeKaerb A^BymKy: «KypBO, Aaa th 
6or 3JI0 (670 Putana,.... Dio te dla raal afar), mro qbi qbiHHm, a tboh 
vjtxeu noHMaH b MapKoGpyn-b, KoxopbiH ta xorkii hohath.... Ajc 
KOJB tuHB c xeMHBi^bi BTOKyxb, B tuHB TA coTHyTb)) (675 to far6 
bruxar). PaBPH^BajiCfl Bobo, yAapBJUj ero s-b «CTerHO)> ^677 lo 
costi), TaKT> ^T0 TOTb ynajn> ex kohh, h pa3opBaj^ CMy oahhi py- 
KSLB-h (679 E un de li braQi li ft scaveQar). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



262 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

jI,pyacHeHa BejiHrb 400-mx KOHHbiMi> txaxb 3a Bobo, «mT06bi 
HHaKi He 6wjio» (682 Eli ne va, ch'eli no po altro far), eatxaji^ 
Ha capauHHT>; JTyKanepi Bejart eny txaxb naaaAi: ^pyatHCHa He 
TBOfl, jiaH MHt ApMeHiio eeai KpoBonpoJHrifl h yBtpyfi bt> «Maro- 
M3Ta» (695 Macon). «Mbicjb ta saBOAHTbw (697 lo penser te fal^), 
roBopHTb CMy Bobo; «3a6oj» kohh (700 broQ^), npoCHJii lUHTb 
JlyKanepa, c(6eHAH u^najiH)) (706 lo usbergo li desmaiil), Konbe npo- 
nijio Bleep AUe. «BHHTe lOHaubi cbo6oaho» (710 feri,franchi baron), 

KpHHHTT* OH-b CBOHMX H CX HOMOUlbK) JWAefi, BbICJiaHHblXT> jl,pyaCHe- 

HOH n3i ropoAa, noCHBaerb bck) capauHHCKyio paxb. yfitacaji 
jiHiDb OAHH'b crapwH capaiiHH'b, «Bor Aan cMy jihxo» (721 Dio li 
dia mal afar), qxo wxpbi koha y xpbiSxe (723 in lo corpo) cvTHec». 
UpHfitacaB-b ktj «coj'bAaHy», oht* cooCmaerb CMy o CMepxH cbina. 
GyjixaHi) 6tmiiTb Ha Kopa6jit, «a Apyree capaasHH nonajiH 6traxH 
rjifk xxo Mon,)) (741 in galia intra, Coli payn se messe a scan- 
par). Bona HarHajfb bxi na ((npbicxaHBuit» (744 riva del mar), 
yeHJfb (745 feanegar) Cojite 20-xh xbiCHHi, 3ax*Mi, BepnyBniHCb, 
ocBofioAHJ'b ApMeHHJia H MapKo6pyHa. cdl Kpojib ApMeHHJi'b nomoi 
3a cap^uaHbi, a6bi ca noMcxHi'b, h samoji 3 Apyroro Hopa h nory- 
6hjt> BCHxi, Koxopbie 6biJB Ha npbicxaHHmbD) (750 Lo re d'Anne- 
nia se vol vendegar, E va a ferir in payn d'oltramar. Morti fo 
pay'afora queli chi in la nave intri). ApMeHHjy Bobo roBopHxi), 
mo xoxT> KynHJii ero 3axpHAuaxb jraxpi BJioxa (758trentamarche 
d'oro), a ohi B03Bpamaex'b euy Ha KaacAJK) Jioxpy cxo (759 plu 
de mile). 

UoGtABxejH B03Bpau;aK)xcH, ApyacHena CMOxpHxi> na hhxi 
ocxoeHbi Ha KraHKy)) (764 ali balconi), bbixoahxi naBCxptsy oxoy, 
roBopHxx eMy, nrb y3Hajia o Bobo, KaKi nocxaBHJia ero pbiuapeMi; 
«MoH JiacKaBbiH uixne (778 Bel pare), Aaa mh ero 3a Mya;a». Ko- 
pojb B caMi xoMi AyMajii; ho HBJiflexcH AryjHHi> h roBopexi: 
«KpojiH) nane AAAKy (781 Barba), h Mene Bobo yAapburb y cxerHO 
H tiaraBHny mh pa3Apaj (782 un brago me scave^li), tn ocouy c hum 
yMpemu u mooah) mo^ a6u \juh ue 6um eutneseMn; oxAafi AOHb 3a 
MapKofipyHa, a 3a Bobo mow cecxpy ; «3 etimeseM EoeoM ra xouy 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 263 

6umu CA, UAe neeeMz^ .ecAu kjuh noxouemhy). CpaBHeme (TbHTajiiaH- 
CKHMx TeKCTOMi noKasbisaeTb, sto cepScKifl uepeeoAHHK'b Toqao 
nepeAajii ero, CijiopyccKifi HesipHo nponeji. oaho ero cjobo, tco 
noBCJio ero kt> AaJbHtfimHMT> HSMtHeniflMi no CMbicjy. Cj. 783 
Con lui si me voria acordar. lo nol digo perch 'elo no sia cha- 
valier aprixi^.*.. 791 Colo valeto Bovo me voio acordar^ Eo no 
so s'elo lo voia far. De Bovo tradimento k pensi». Bt> cepCcK. 
TOKcrfe Morjio ctohtb; ra xoqy c hhm yMupumu (cji. 1431 Eli si 
acordd de caminar, rjifk acordar noimTO bt> CMWCJi'fc noMHpHThCH: 
<(3Mupmmu BoBO. Cj. 1525 acordd = s'LeAHaTb) h He mobjiio to» 
p T. A. BtjopyccKiH riepecKasHHK'b npoHejn> bm. yMHpHXH — yMptxH, 
B cooacHO CT> aTHMt saw'feHHJ'b bx ct. 791 acordar cJOBOM-b 6ti- 
mucA: CA'fejaxb 3to owb Mon> xtM'b jiene, qxo ct. 793, bt> koto- 

P0MT> rOTOBHOCTb Kl DpHMHpeHilO flBJIfleXCH DpeAaTeJbCKOH, MOrb H 

He 6brrb uepeAaHx cepCcKHM-b nepeBOA^HKOMi,. 

Bet BHTA3H pasTitxajBCb Ka^A^iH Ao CBoefi «rocnoAbi» 
(795 oster), Bobo ymeji cnaxb bi Koiwopy (797 camara), a Ary- 
jHH'b co6paji^ 60 IOHaK0B^ b coanpbiceraji'b vixiy Ha aBaarejeHn 
(803 fe 5urar e sagramento far), nxoSi* ohh yfiBJiH connaro BHXfl3fl. 
Ohh npHmjiH Ki> neuy, owb Jieacajrb npBKpbiBmflCb c(KOJijipoK»> (bti 
cooxBtxcxByiomeMX HxajbAHCK. cxHxt axoro cjiOBa Hixi), ho bT) 
798 centre de cendado; 811, 821: coltra), npn neiM'b weqi h 
cCpofl. AryjiHHT> c(CKpbux» (811 levJi) ct> Hero KOJApy, roBO- 
pHTi lOHaKaMi: «BepHHxe ca ihhax, M0»eM ero noxoM y6HXH» 
(814 Vegni oUra^ signori, sil'averemo taiar. Oltra hohaxho KaKt 
altra volta, oxKy^a h HenoHHXHoe nomoMz), ho ohh 6oflxcfl ki neiiy 
npHcxynBXbCH, h AryjiBH-b ouflxb ero atunpanyji)) (821 la coltra 
adosso li ritomi^) h BosBpauiaexcfl bi iiajam). OahhI) cxapHKi> ro- 
BopHXT> ewy: «ni ecMH xboh neJOBiK-b)) (825 Eo son vostro hon), 
Mory xe6t noHO^b: «ra bcjuh napcynoH) Kh Kopojiio xpa4>HJ cah 
(826 Co lo Re eo son d'un tenporal); jflry bx KOMopt, 6yAT0 ko- 
pojib, a xbi BCJH nooiaxb mh* BoBy h ocnpaB jhct (837 breve) ao 
coJiAanaw, ct> KoxopbiM^ h h nomjiH) Bobo; a cyjixany HanHmH 
<cno3ApoBjieHe h npb]A3Hb» (838 salii e amistii) h qxo6bi cinocjan- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



264 A. H. BECEJIOBCKin, 

HbiMT> oiTb CAiJiaji, ^TO xoHeTT>, h6o 3T0 BoBO, yOifiua JlyKanepa. 
EoBO HAevb Ha ayAieHaiio ki> MHHHOMy Kopojuo, KOTopuH Bejerb 
<«no3AopoBiiTb» (854 saludar) cyjTaHa; aycTb DpocTarb e^y CMepTb 
CbiHa, KaKT) OHT> npomaerb emy rH6ejib cbohxt> jiwAeS. «Mory-jib 
DOuecTH 36poH) 31 co6oK)?» cnpaiDHBaeTb Bobo. <cHe Tpe6a, noeAb 
Ha HHOxoAHHKy (864 No andi vu, a palafren aiidar?). IW Coace hc- 
6ecKHH, B Toro Bobo hh^ofo He nosnaj, a naHHa jI,pyacHeHHa hh 
Kopoj Toro He BiAaje! H Bobo noexaj. A kojh TaKi> Gbijo, rdirb 
nncMO roBopwTb (867 S'el' e cossi vero como dixe lo cantar), 
exaj[ BBTCBb Bobo rpbi ahh hh e^A hh hha, KpoM 3ijibA b KopeHA 
iDTO no 3eMJiH pocTex (869 per li pri). IW 6oace CBAxaA MapHA, MaxKa 
6o«a,npbiHMHBoBaHacBej!MH y 3jyK) AOpory bxoaht! (870AyDio, 
disse Bovo, Santa Maria mar — Quando io camino, mal trovo da 
man^ar). BHABTb, noA^ Ay6oM^ (873 Oliver) cxoHTb «6oropaA- 
HHK^)) (873 palmer), nepcA'b HOM-b aSoxou xjitCa h bhho» (874 pan 
e vin e came assa'). Bobo npocHTT> y «nejibrpbiMa)> (879 palmer) pas- 
A'fciHTb ero xpanesy; tott> corjiamaeTca, ho noAaerb eMy cc36aH0K» 
(881 botaQo), Bi KOTopoMi) 6biJ!0 BHHO, CMtmaHHoe cb 3ejibeMi 
(886 apoxon^). Bmohbt, ero, Bobo cnnrb Henpo6yAHO bi TeqeniH 
naxH AHefi, a CoropaAHHKT) yHOCHTb ero Mem^^ cirh Ha ero kohh, 
a eMy ocraBBji^ CBoero anoAi^esAKa)) (893 mul). KorAa Bobo npo- 
cnyjcfl, HaqajT> ctxoBaTb: «to ccmh y 3JibiH ^ac poh;oh!» (900 mal 
nassidemar), noA'be3AOKT> ne Moaeerb noAHflTb ero, h «He6orBoBO» 
(905 li ber Bovo) HAerb utmKOMT> «AeHb b ApyrHHw (907 D'un 
5omo in altro) h Aoraejiii ao ropoAa 3aA0HiH (908 Sadonia), c<yBH- 
Aej cojrbAaH-b Ha KraHKy (912 ali balconi) CToenbi h 6opoAy cny- 
CyHbi (913 E con le man la barba se tiril), bcjimh njaqyqbi» o 
CBoeMi HCAaBHeHi) nopaaceniH. Bobo npHBtTCTByeTi ero: «Bam 
naHX MaxoMOT xosaeTb BejiBKHXi h juajibix, KOTopbie cyxb b tom 
ropoAe, a SBJian^a uapA coj^Aanaw (922 Macoraeto, ch'e vostro 
signer principal, Salve e guarde piQoli e grandi de-sta citi, 
E sovra tuti li altri lo signer Soldan). Ohi roBopHTb eaiy o 
CBoeMit HopyneBiB, noAaerb nBCbMo; ycjbimaBi> ero coAepacanie, 
cyjixaHi wno^aj CMOxpeTB yBBAena (941 el vixo) BoBy: ra xa MaJio 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 265 

Mory jiioChth (942 poco te posso amar), inxo tw Moero Cbioa Jly- 
Kanepa yCw; a xto xeCe cioAa nocjaj, He nacrb ta hh aa ivabh 
ntHeabo (944 dinar). Owb Bejiim> cbohmi> lOHaKaM-b (945 baron) 
cxBaxHTb ero, Bobo yCHBaen* KyjiaKOMi oahofo capauena, ho eny 
saBflsajH HaaaATj pyne, rjiaaa noBflsajH «xycTOH» (950 una pega) h 
BejflTb 400-Mi> capauHHaMX (954 pludemile) BectH ero «ao uibiCe- 
HHUbD) (953 ale forche). floHb cyjiTaoa, MajirapwA (955 Malgaria), 
roBopHTb OTiyr, HTO BoBO AOfipbiH BflTCSb, Jiy^ffle ero He yCeBaxb, 
a CKjroHHTb Kb waroMeTOBOfi Btpt, CyAex'b KOMy no CMeprH cyjiTana 
AepataTb ero uapcTBo. Ona cawa HAert, qjofibi sepnyxb ero: «h 
KJUEJH BepnyjH, HHaK^ ne CMejiH y^ibiBHTHw (975 non olsa altro far). 
CaMT> cyjiTant npeAJiaraeT-b Bobo HSMtHHTb Btpt, «eHHTbCfl Ha 
AonepH H 6biTb ero HacjtAHHKOMi, rocyAapeMi) «6ojnn> TpbiAnaxH 
ropoAOBw (983 de XXXII citk). Bobo OTKasbiBaeTcn : oht> ne xo- 
nevb «rocnoAa Bora wcTaBHXH h naHHy bsath, KOTopaA y TBoee 
acMjiH pocjiaw (988 Ni ch'io tolesse dona a sto mondo na, — Per 
amor de Druxiana, ch'io posso tanto amar). CyjixaH-b cHOBa xo- 
nex-b noB^CHrb Bobo, ho A04b npocHx-b oxAaxb ero en, oHa noca- 
AHXT> ero btj cbok) «xypMy)> (1000 tore) h o6paxHXT> ero k^ Maro- 
Mexy; «a xaA xypMa Cbijia Cojimen copoKa cxyneneB'b bt> mbipKH)) 
(1001 Plu de. XL. pife e la tore fond^), B-b neft Hu^epHabi h suite 
(1003 bisse e serpenti). Hepeai nflxb ahcS uapeBHa nonecjia BoBy 
icxb H HHXb, «H BHAej BoBo y xypMH tuAHy 3MeK), H npocBexHJia xaA; 
cvH tuaptB CA H yBHAejn> ys-yrjie whm>, Koxopwe xyxi, u;x AaBHbix Anen 
cxorajii, BBSAjn* xoxt> Me^X)) (1013 Quela spada per antigo tenpo 
li sta; Quando la tore vegnia ben guarda', De cristiani fo tuta 
plena ^a). Ofl'b 3aMbimjflexT> yfiHXb Majrapiio, ho xa roBopHxi, 
qxo npHfflja cnacxH ero, h cnyexHBmHCb Kb newy bhh3i (^epxa, 
B3qe3HyBmafl bi> nameMi) nepeBOAt, h6o rjyOnna 6amHB aaMtneHa 
wb Hen mflpHHOK)), CHOBa npHHBMaexcH yronapHBaxb ero BSHXb e& 
3a ce6fl: uoyA'bHeHffloe naH'bHbi naA Mene He 3HaHAemii> (1031 Plu 
bela dona de mi no po'trovar. Ve'como io soblanchacomoflor de 
pra). OxKa3T> BoBoxairbpaarH-feBajiAtBymKy, nxoonacoa MajibiMi 
ne noBCAajia axny» (1042 Poco de men nolo disse a so par), ho 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



266 A. U. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

OAywajiacb: a6cjiH noBtaai, ivh sejiHTb ero ttSecHXH, h ue 6ydy ew 
Mtbmu yceoeu noMope. Hnomjia uit Heroi>. nepeBOAiBKi* He dohhj'b 
HTOJibHHCKOH 4>pa3ki, nepenecfl n 3HaKi> npenHHaHi»: 1 045 Po^nolo 
pord may rescatar. Ala soa camof^a ela indrio tornJi. IIo BeHeaian- 
CKOMy xeKcxy Bobo chahtb bt> TwpbMfe roA'b b xpH Mtcaua, nocjii 
Hero cyjiTaHi BejiHTb cnoBa npBBecxH ero k* ce6t, qT06i> Aonpo- 
CBTb. Bx nepeBOAt 3to paacKasbiBaexcfl (BCjtACXBie nponycKa; cji. 
Aajite), KaKi coeeprnHBuieecfl xoxnaci no noctmeHin Majirapin: 
ABaAaaxb capauHH-b iiocjiaHbi sa Bobo, soByxii ero: wFa* xbi xen- 
HHHHHKy?)) (1060 prixoner). CeMb nejOBtKi cnycKaioxca K-b HeMy, 
3a HHMH Apyrie cewb; ohx hxti nepeCnj'b, aBctj'b na KOjiOBopox» 
(1082 monta su la tola), KorAa ocxaBinieca capai^HHw ero Bbixa- 
nyjB, y6HBaexT> h bx^, Kpowt oAHoro, Koxopbifi ymej^ h «noHajn> 
BepemaxBM (1088 cridar) o CtrcxBt Bobo. 3a HHM'b nycKaioxcfl 
Bi noroHK) ABa «AAAKOBHqbi» cyjxana (cj. Aajte 1104 nevo del 
Soldan), (c6paxeHBKH» TpaHKaubiH h ACpaw (1095 Troncatin e 
Abrayn, intranbi era fra; Bovo in 8-a rima c. V, st. 17: Abraino, 
Turcino). Bono 6tatHXT,«nojieM» (1098 per lo^^aiafo sen va; Asalto 
a salto esse fora dela giti), ACpan 3a HHM'b; Bobo y6HBaexT> ero, 
BCK0MHJi> Ha ero kohh, a AaJite pacnpaBjaexcH cii TpaHKaabiHOMi), 
»ejiaBuiHMi «u;CBexHXH (1119 vendegar) CMepxb 6paxa CBoero». 

/I,o6tacaBi ao MopcKoro Cepera, Bobo npocHXT> xoproBi^eB-b, 
Koxopbie yjKO co6HpajiHCb cdDAon'bxnyxH ca», B3flXb ero K'b ce6t: 
owb xpHCxiaBHHi>, roAi) b xpn MtcHua npocHAtBuiiH bx xeMHBut y 
cyjxana; c<xoHy hohxh ycBAxoe Kpamennc)) (1137 in santa cristen- 
tade voio andar). Ohh 6epyxi> ero, ho b^ 3xo BpeMfl npHfibUH K'b 
Mopio capauHHbi, xpe6yK)XT> cyjxancKaro njtHHHKa. Kynuw xoxHTb 
ero BbiAaxb, ho Bobo oxpyeHJ'b OAHOMy H3'b HHX'b roJOBy, Apyrie 
npocflx'b ero: wIIaHe, ne HbiHH 3Jia»= 1154 Meser, diss'eli, no ne 
fa algun mal (cj'^AyeTb wh BeueuiancKOM'b xeKcxt jaKyna B'b xpn 
jTHCxa), OHH noBe3yx'b ero, KyAa ohi xonex'b. Ohi Bejunvb haxh B'b 
ApMeniK), ho B'fexep'b nx-b ne nycxHj'b. Ha Apyrofi Aenb Bobo 
y3HaexT> oxt> oahofo pwCafta (cji. bo 2-M'b b3t> yABHCKBxi oxpbiB- 
KOBi V. 348: Pescier de bon aira, dist Bovo li ber, Che tera e 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 267 

questa?), qxo ohh b6jih3H ropoAa MoaCpaAa (Ud. v. 351 Mon- 
brando), bt> kotopomt> uapHTb MapK06pyHT> h bt> 3Ton> Aem dy- 
Aen> npasAHOBaxb cbok) CBaAbSy cb AORepbio ApwenHja, /I,pyacHe- 
HOH. c(A KOJH wBB, TyTT> c HHMi> npwexaja, wHa npocHjia ero, a6bi 
He cnaji c Hew ao ^oi^y; aja Toro wna yqwanjia, noKyj Bona 3a6y- 
Aex (Ud. V. 357 E quaudo li rois Marcabrun la oit meu6, Ela 
lo fe plevir e gurer Dechia un auo conpli e pas6 Ch'elo non 
Taveria a toger, Per amor de Bovo che la po tanto amer). 
Kpoj Ha TOM-b ee mJK)6Hji, a to B«e wr Toro aha ao HBHemnero 
AHA roATj^. BoBO npocHTb pbi6aKa OTBesxH ero na xoxi nHpi», «6o 
He MOHcexb Jienmoro CKOMopoxa naA Mene 6bixH» (Ud. v. 367: 
Mior ^upler de mi non se po trover; Buovo in 8-a rima, c. V, 
St. 38 lo so dir foUe per ogni ragione), BejHxi KynuaMi Aaxb 
pbiCaKy ABaAuaxb jraxpi sojoxomi 3a pwCy (Ud. v. 371: XXX 
marche d'or clier), h caM-b Aaerb, qxo 6biJ0 bt> «KajiHxt», anAXb 
eoJBanuoB'b aojioxbiXD (Ud. v. 376: V besanti d'oro; B-b 8-a rima 
c. y, St. 40 cinque bisanti). Ho KaKi bohaxh bi MonSpaA'b 
Bi> a30Jioxbix'b maxaxx))? Ero y3HaK)XT). On-b npocBxi y oahofo 
6oropaAHHKa, cxoflBraaro ooai AyCoM-b (Ud. v. 393 E sot un 
pin vit (asir un palmier), noMiHHXbCfl ci> HHM'b njaxbeMi; KorAa 
TOTb oxKa3ajrb, OH'b aB'baBepnyj'b eny rynK) na rojOBp h yBHA'fej'b 
noAi* neio cboh Mem* <(KrjApeHabiio», ysnajTb h bi nBjHrpBMi 
xoro, Kxo oooHj'b ero. Oht> xonevb cb HHM'b pacnpaBHXbCH, yAa- 
pHJiT* ero «6ojn>AHitOH) h xwm yAapoM'b npoCHjrb CMy xpbi pe6pa» 
(Ben. 1 155 Che .11. de le coste in corpo li spega. CnoBa B03CxaHo- 
Bjflexcfl cooTBtxcxBie Cb Beneu. xeKCTOMi). Toxt> npocHXT>: aJlane, 
AJiA Cora He BHbiHH mh 3Jia, AaM th tuAHO aijibe 6tjio dKi cntrb 
(1159 radixe, 1161 lo plu bianco che se possa trovar), a xxo 
6bi CA HMi yMbiJi-b (1162 fregar), 6yAex wpubiH tawb yrojib 
(1163 cun' agrament stenpr^); b eme th Aami Apyroe 3tjibe: xxo 
6bi ero po3MemaBmH 3 bbhom xota Majio yKycHJi, Tpe ahh 
(1167:. V. di) He npo6yHcatzi ca CyACTb cna4». B3HB'b 3ejbH h pa- 
30ApaHbiflaCBHTbi)>(1173drapi) HHjrarpDMa, Bobo noAnoHcaji mc^t, 
noAT) «ryHK)» (1175 sclavina), naTepca sejibeMi h CAtjiaJca nep- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



268 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

HbiM'i>(1177 Plu negro de mora). Tpoe ropo»aHT>, CTOflBmnx'b 
Bt «tuAHOM yrje» (1180 canton), AHBywrca pocxy nHjarpoMa, ko- 
TopbiH roBopHTb, HTO OHi> H3T> ^paHuiH, coaccfl OTT> KopafijeKpy- 
meaifl (nponycKi 1-ro jHcxa bt> Beoeu. TeKcrfe) h npocHTb Aaxb 
emy qro HeOyAb c<3a mhjiocti> AoCporo bhtcsa BoBa». Oahhx h3i 
ropo»caHi> yAapHJi> ero 3a 3to: Pa3Bt He SHaeoib Tbi 3AimHflro 
avu6biqaa» (Aajiie 1216 oSbinafi = bando), TO-ecTb npBKa3a, ae 
noMHaaTbBMeHHBoBo? Ohi> pa3CKa3biBaerb o npeACToameft CBaAb6t 
MapKo6pyHa h ^pyaeHeHbi h aejarb bath b7> «najiai^i>, KyAa set 
3BaHbi Ki> o6tAy H Bcfe DOAaAyTb eMy. Bobo HAerb Ha KyxHW h 
CHOBa npocHT'b c(3a MHJiocTb Ao6poro BHTe3A Boaa)). Oahhi <cKy- 
xapiD yAapHJi^ ero sa to ropaneH rojiOBHeio, Bobo y6HjT> ero, 
yAapHJix H Apyroro, ocTajibHbie pa36tHcajrHCb (cHOBa npoAOJiJKaeTca 
Benea. TeKCT^). OH'b BAerb Ha na.iaa'b (1191 per me'la sala), 
OAHHTi ABopflHeHi) (1192 un de queli dela corte) ynpenaerb ero- 
Bi yeincTBt Kyxapa: w^aa th Bor 3jio» (1193 Dio mal te dark). 
«He Men MH 3a sjiew (1198 nol'abife per mal), OTBtnaerb Bobo, 
oCxacHflfl, KaKi fibuo A'fejo. /l,BopflHHH'b coBtTyerb emy noHATO bi> 
KOMopy, TAt cHAHTb ^py«HeHa c-b naHHaMH, h nonpocBTb y nax-b 
«npo 6or» (1203 si domanda caritk). H 3Atcb, ciuoHHBmHCb Ha 
anocox-b)) (1208 bordon; Ud. v. 399 id.), Bobo npocarb toh me 
<i»opMyj[OB. KaKi ycjibimajia to /I^pyacHena, noAoniJia ki> naJiHrpHMy, 
cnpaniHBaerb, fa* oht> BHAtjn> Bobo. Oh^ OTBt^aerb, tfo coAtxb 
ciHHM'bBiTeMHHutycyjiTaHa. Bt>3to BpeMfl KOHb Bobo y3Hajii oo 
rojiocy CBoero xosaHHa, qyTb ne copBajca cb ceMH atoefi h 3ap«axb 
CHJbHO, ttMajio CA Becb rpaA ne pocTpacT>» (Ekrb wb ht. TCKCTi); 
(iWBiy 6hu KX)T qoTbipox HaCojinibix'b, KOTopwe y rpaAe X0BaHbi» 
(1226 El fo de li .im. I'un chi fo afadk; Ud. v. 418 El fo de li 
.IIII. Punche da Dio for fad6). Ha Bonpoci BoBbi ^pyacHena pas- 
CKa3biBaerb eiuy o aeM-b caMOMii, NeacAy npoHEM-b o tohi, Kamb 
ona, a3J0iacTHHaax> (1241 topina; Ud. v. 433 id.), nocTaBHja ero 
pbI^apeM^, Kan-b OH'b 6Hjiea cb JlyKanepoMT* «noraHbiM^» (1243 lo 
renegk) h sarfeni Hcnesi He HsatcTHo KyAa. Toro kohh, KOToparo 
ona noAapHJia Bobo, ona npHBCJia Cb coCoio; npHHecja TaKace h ero 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 269 

c6poK) (1231 npH6aBjHeTi: Afora ChiarenQa, lobon brand amol^; 
Cj. Ud. V. 423 Ceto Claren^a, li bon brando d'acel); qxo OHa sa 
MapKo6pyHOMT>, HaxoBOJifl oma, He en, no Bob* ona aochx'l nopi 
HeyrfemHa (cjitAyert bt> Beeeu. TeKcrfe jiaKyna bt> 3 jiHCxa) h tot- 
qaci) 6bi nomjia ci> hhmi>, ecJiH6i> ohi> rbbach : ajlh tofo a BSfljia 
CB C06010 ero c6poK) b koha, KOTopbiH He Aaexi ce6H noBecTH hh 
OAHOMy HOJOBtKy, Kpout Hen, h yme y6vixh ceMnawaTb lonaKOB^, 

CT> TtXT> nopT> KaKT> CTOHTb BT> 3T0H c<CTaHHH». 

«Bpo}fieHard (gentile = ojeMenHTa, njemeHQAa) naHHa to fobo- 
pbiTb, a caMa njiaieTb». Exoahtb MapKo6pyHi, cuparnHBaexi e6 
npH^HHt cji63'b; ona roBopHn>, hto nHJiHrpHMT> npHHeci efi B-fecTb 
CMepTH MarepH. A KOHb npoAOJiHcaex'b pataxb, h Bobo oC^h- 
BjfleTB ce6fl jieKapeMT>, BbiBbiBaexcfl yKpoxHXb Toro kohh. MapKO- 
6pyfli corjiaceHt, o6tmaeTT> HarpaAHXb Bobo; BMtcrfe Cb hhmt> h 
^py«HeHOH 0HT> HAert b-b KOHiomHio, rAt naAaexi*, ajcjbimaB'b 
KOHCKoe pHcaflie, b yAajflexcH. aH mxo xo b^bihbji KOHb AoSpbie? 
HBCxaji^ HaaaAHHC hofh, aoepeAHHe hofh nojioacbiji Bony nanjie^bi 
H noi^ajiOBaj ycxw BoBa; a kojh 6bi xox KOHb yMejn> roBopwxH, 
peKT> 6bi €My: ^o6pe cch npbimoji, nane. H uuhat ca tunycxiu na 
3eMJK)». Tbi o«!apoBajT> ero, roBopHXT> flpyatHena nHJinrpHMy, ko- 
xopbiH saHBJiflexX), qxo oni h ecxb Bobo; bI) A0Ka3axeJibCXB0 ohi 
noKa3biBaexT> h3t> noAt ryHH men KrjApeHabiio»; ona npocHXT> ero 
CHflXb «KJo6yK» H yKa3aTb BHaKi, oraxo ccmh Jieqbijia xe6e yB- 
u/xaa CBoero, kojih ecH 6bij c u;AHoe cKajbi cnaji». TyxT> ohh coo- 
SHajiHCb, ptmaioxcfl 6t»axb; BepnyBmHCb kt> wyacy ^pyatnena ro- 
BopHXTj ewy, «ixo HHJiHrpBM'b npoBeAexT> noHb B^ KOHioniHt, AaCbi 
yKpoxHXb KOHfl, B eMy HaAo nocjaxb xyAa nocxejb, a bt> nocxeib 
yBH3ajia BoBOBy c6poK>. rioAaBi MapKofipyny c<qamy saSbixHoro 
nHXbA» (1253 una gran copa de poxon araxi*). Cnona HaqHHaexca 
BeHeuiaHCKiS xeKCXT»), ona HAexT> bt> KOHwrnnio, fa* Bobo y»e bo- 
opy3KHJCH c(B synojiHOH 36poH H vexMiy Ha FOJOBy npbinpaBBJi b 
MeqoM CA cDnacaji, n^bix B3J0»cbiji na pyKy h b3aji xojii>cxoe Koni>e 



*) Bi* Buovo in 8^ rima, c. YI, st. 26, caifb Bobo AaeTi» flj^ysmut coBHaro 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



270 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

noA oaxy h CKOHbu Ha koha h sa CTpbiMA ca ne npbiHAJ r He po3- 
MHHyj CA 6bi c TbiCA40K) BHxeseH (1259 Elo i vestu Tusbergo, 
leganbere cal^Ji, Qenta k la spada, Telmo ala^i, Salta sovra Ron- 
delo, che streve no pii, Inpugna la lan^a, lo scu inbraijJi, Per 
mile chavalieri no se render^ ^a). BMtcxt c-b /I,pyacHeHofi, koto- 
paa cijia Ha c(npyAi;a»^) (1264 palafren), ohh BbitsHcaioTb H3i> 
ropoAa; npotxaBi* Asawaxb MBJb, ^pyatHCHa ycxaja, ohh ociaHo- 
BHJiHCb y «CTyAeHua», fa* Bobo coeAHHflexcfl ct> Heft; am Ha tom 
Mecre oonajia JlpymueuusL abe CbiHbi, mKO hrcno roBopbiTb: u^ahh 
xo^ierb 6biTH Kpojrb, aApyrnn KHaa«e» (1284... come dixe lo can tar; 
L'un fe Sinibaldo clamar, E I'altro Guidon Taprexii; Lun fo Re, 
I'altro dux honora). 

IIoKa BoBO OTAbixaerb, MapKoSpyHi* npocHyjiCH, ne namejiT, 
Hceubi HH HOA^e ce6H, hh bI) KOHiomni, asMennjia ca euy napcyHa» 
(1293 se smart), oht> actjrb y nejEKOM nAauy (bm. najaiyr hjh no- 
AaHy\ CTbAz H3t> Apyroro ciaxa 1295... in pala^otomi, Sovra un 
drapo de seda elo se asentct), a Bejreji y por Tpy6HTH». Om* paa- 
CKaabiBaerb cbohm^ jwahm^, hto cjy^HJiocb, xoqerb nocjiaxb bohcko 
BT, noroHK) 3a Ctrjiei^aMH, ho MyApwH MawpoAO (1305 Morando; 
BX Bovo in 8-a rima, c. VI, st. 45: Un vechio cortegian) roBO- 
pHTb eMy, TTO BoficKy Hxi He Aornaxb, «a b xeCe ecx luAHHt hojio- 
BtKi, HMeneMi IlyjiKaH (Pulican), wkhh ca HOJOBfeK-b ne Momexb 
HEHXH HaA Hero: wh Moaexb na xpbiAuax xnce^eH KOHHbix yAa- 
pbixH. Maexb u;6pa3i> qojiOBe^biH n pyKH r nepcH mbipoKR, ao 
noeca H0ji0BtKi>, ano HBHcen rnK nee, wx nca b ^vt »(OHbi poHcoH 
ecx (axa noApoCnocxb cxohtb bi hx. xeKCxt Aaate), a hhkojh na 
KOHA He BceAaj, saBHCAbi ntmi xoasbiBaj, h ntx ua csexe koha, 
Koxoporo 6bi wH He BxcK-b... a u^h ecxT> xboh qojOBtni, a xbi cro 
AapyR cux xBoero RMeHta (1321 siraveri afrancar, Del vostro aver 



^) Bm. npyciML Cj. bi> TponHCKoft npHTHt: npoycbi;b s gradarius (Mic!. VI). 

2) Cj. TpoHHCKyK) npHXHy y Hruna, Prilozi k historiji knjizevnosti, crp. 61: 

•MeHejaym . . . Be^e ra (IlapHca) e noAauy k Hcene ceoeni); ca^eAHon noAauu 

TpOHCKOHi>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTI!. 271 

li averi donar)^), tuH th MOKex iipbiBecTe Boea h ^pya;HeHHy». — 
MapKo6pyHi npesbiBaen, IlyjiKaHa, o6tiu,aeTT» eny CBoSoAy h 
lueApyK) Harpa^y, h oht> ornpaBjifleTCfl, saxBaTHBi cb coCoio, no 
CBoewy ofibnaio, cixpbi acepAH)) (1343 dardi); «e Tpexero aha 
(1348 avanti die fosse terga) nonaj aofohath Bobo)>: c<ero SByKt 
3a ABt MHJie 6biJio nyxb)). itpyacHena npeAynpeacAaerb Bobo, 'ito 
3T0 IlyjiKaHi, «\JUT nca h iut kohm pomoH ecx h mhofo kohhhkob 
nory6HJ» (1355 D'una femena e d'un mastin in^ener^). Oaa npo- 
CHxi ero: wyjesMO y xoxt> jyr» (1352 bosco); Bobo oxBtqaexi): 
<cHe noM03H €My 6or h CBexaA MapwA waxKa 6owa, ecJH ra MaM 
wx iDAHOro HOJiOBtKa noroayxH)) (1260 Nol voia Dio ni santa 
Maria mar, Che per un mastin io debia scanpar). Ofl'b mneTh 
HanaAeaifl ct> in.HxoM'b h «cyjiHi^efi» (1363 langa) b^ pyKaxT> h na 
yrposbi DyjiKaHa oxB'fe'iaexTi: «Mbicjib xa saBOAHXb (1369 lo pen- 
sar te fal^), nepBO ca Aaai-b posceqw, imm 6bic ma noBej». Ilyji- 
KaH'b 6pocaexT> B'b nero atepAb, Bobo aaajioacbijr ca» mnxoiMCb, 
«a 3 Apyroe cxopoHbi 6on> ecx 3an;bixHJn>, mxo ero ne BAapbur^ 
(1374 L'altro dardo lo malvaxio (jitft, Dio guari Bovo, ch'elo 
nol tochft), H peqe: To ecx u>ahh A'i>ra6oji, mxo c ncKja BbirnaHX 
(1376 Questo e un diavolo d'inferno caijk). 1/1 noqajH ca 6hxh 
Koni>r2iMH (1377 Alora cola lan^a ferir sel cuit&. Elo salta in 
alto, ferir nol po ^a); IlyjiKaBTi BAapbu BoBa no rejMy, rejiMt 
6bu MOUOH, npo6BXH He Mori>, a Bobo npbirnyji ca na ceACJiHbm 
jiyK» (1381 sul colo del cavalo se plegJl). Bobo oneqajiee'b, tco ee 
M0HcexT> yAapHXb IlyjKaHa, CpocHjb Konbe, cockotojh* cl koha, 
HanaAaexi> na npoxHBHHKa ci> MeneAfb bi> pyKaxi>, ho nyjKaHi> 
CKaKHyjTB qepe3i> Me4i>, KoxopbiH saCejcH bi seMJuo, c<Bobo Majio 
He 3A0X iDX »(ajocxH» (1396 per poco no rabii). 



^) IlepeBOAHHK'B He tohbo nepe^aJi'B BupaxceBie maana bi* v. 1310: HCJiostK'b; 
HOAO 6hi: meoa H&iOB'ibK'B, s'lcmucjI: Kp'i&nocTHOfi, cepBi. MapKo6pyHa, KOTopuft 
H o6']^iiiaen» euj CBo6oAy (cj. B^me v. 7. de son masnk = cjiy}Ke6HBKi>). B'B nosA- 
BtfimHZ'b HTajiiaBCKHzii nepe^tJiRax'b HenoHiufaHie TepMHBa, BumeAinaro ea-b 
yiiOTpe6jieHifl Birfecrik ct HHCTHTyroirB, orpasujiocb HHane: nyjiKaHT» BBifleTCfl 
njfi^HRnKOMB MapKo6pyHa. Gi. Kajaa, I Keali, CTp. 145—6. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



272 A. H. BECEJTOBCKIH, 

Hoeafl jiaKjHa bt> (B^ 1 jihctl) bt> BeHeiiiaHCKOMT> TeKcrfe: 
KOHb BoBO noMoraeTT> CBoeiiy xosmny^ yAapwb IlyjiKaHa, h KorAa 
TOTB BCKoqejT> Ha Hero, yeecB ero ay HanrymbiH jiyr» (bosco?), 
rAtwcoApaiTjeMyBcwnapcyHy)). IIpocTpaHHafl MOJiHTsa ^py«HeHEi, 
Bi> oGn^eM-b CTHJit chansons de geste, ci CBflnxeHHbiMH BocnoMBua- 
HiflMH OTT> AAaMa Ao iHcyca XpHCTa. 

«AAo6pbiHKoabHAeTb npoTHBCBoeMy naHy» (1397); ^pyacHeea 
HanoMHHaerb Ily^KaHy, KaKi oHa axosajra)) ero, «kojih Te6e MapKo- 
6pyH npbiBejn> ai co6oh) y ABop u^Tiia Moero» (1403 Noterecorda 
in corte de mio par, Che Marcabrun con si te dovea menar?); 
nycTb He njaxHTB en aa Ao6po 3jiomt> h noMHpHTca Cb Bobo. Ilyji- 
KaHT> corjiaceHi; ecjH 6bi Bobo aaxorfeji, «« 6bix nomoji c HHBn>, 
HHc TaKHx AByx ApyroB (1416 Mior conpagni) He Mome 6b]TB». 
Ohb saHRpHjiBCb, «BJiOHCbijiH mjiK)6 (1427 la f§) Mescbi co6ok)» 
(Bjb Buovo in 8-a rima, c. VII st. 22 IlyjiBKaH-b opeAJiaraeTb 
Bob* 6biTb ero fratel giurato) h oxnpaBJifliOTCfl BMtcrfe. «H npbinwH 
Ky iDAHOH |rope h yfia^bura na hch aawoK lUAHoro BCJiHKoro kha- 
acaxH; hma xoaay ropoAy Kocxejrb, a KHA«aTH hma lWpbij». Cj. 
1437 E vete un castelo d'un dux honori. Pulican, de chi 6 sto 
castelo? Bovo dito li L B-b pyccK. xeKcrfe Kocxejii = castello 
cxajii> coecxBeaHbiM-b HMeHeMi (Gj. Aajte 1493 castel = saMOKi; 
ropoA'b, passim; 1579: castelo = ropoAi* Kocxej); IWpbiJi = 
1441 Orio; oh^ oxHfljn> xoxt> ropoA^ yMapKo6pyHa «h Ha kohcawh 
Aen tuHB Mawxb fitraxH na kohcx boioiohh MapKoCpyna)) (1445 El 
no e di ch'eli no cora ala citli). «y xox ropoA Ao6po Hain> noHXH» 
(1449 e bon andar), roBopHxi Bobo, a ^pyacnena npHfiaBJiflex'b: 
«To ecx Mord axqwanao (1452 Una mia cuxina li ^axe dalla). 
«BopoxHbiB» He xonex^ hmt* oxBopaxb Bopoxi, ho IlyjKaHT) nepe- 
CK03Hjn> qepe3T» hhx^ h oxBopaji, h ohh B'bixajiH. Opbut cxohxt» 
Cb KenoK) «Ha KraHKy» (1467 ali balcon); aKOJiH KHAace BHAej 
IlyjiKaHa (BipyccKOM'bxeKcxtB'fepoflxeHi nponycK'b: 1469 Quando 
lo dux Pulican ve^udo i, Lasso, diss'elo, fato e tradimant, Per la 
via eo veijo vegnir Pulicant. La moier respoxe de prexant), h 
peKja CMy acoHa»: roBopHxi,, 4x0 xo, BipoaxHO, Bobo, yBeamift 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^031 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 273 

5KeHy Kopoja MapKoSpyna (1477 aP amirant). Ona uerh ki> 
ApyatHeot, cnpaniHBaejT>: «Poah^ko (1483 cuxina), mro ca Te6c 
noTKajo?o Ta pa3CRa3biBaeTi>. Ohh dm aa ctoji, a hi aTO epeMH 
mjkomejLTy uoxb 3aM0Ki> MapKo6pyHi> (n> soicKOMi*, Bbit3Hcaen> 
OAHHi», 6631 c6poB H BT> BJiamt (1498 maltelo d'armin), BejHTb 

c<BOpOTHOMy)> BbI3BaTb OpbUa. <tll BCTB^ (A)pbU, pcie BHTe3IO BoBy: 

LUto BejHm? Mob. IAk ca 6ora 6oHm, hohah, aje Bt^aio, ^ovo 
itH'b npbimojT>)> (1511 Per Dio, disse Bovo, vu li'deve andar, 
Esaveremoqu'el' k in cor de far). MapKoCpyiii roBopwrb Opbuy: 
wBpaxe ( 1 5 1 7 frar), to Ao6pe BtAaein, um to ropoAT> moh, a Tbi mb 
ero AepHcbimi KraajiTOM (1519 per for^a); aje MHt ^vh ae ctohti> 
HB 3a iieue3»> (ae dohbto; cji. 1520 E no men de valissant un di- 
nar; E say ben che men solivi dar Quando lo castelo te avi do- 
nar) .. Hra6bix ca ctoCoh) xotcj 3T>eAHaTb» (onymeao; cj. 1525 Si 
che con ti me voio acorda, Lo castelo quito e delivro te voio 
lassar, E ogni ano .XXX. marche d'or te voio donar), ecjB ohi> 
BbuacTb eiiy nyjiKana h Bobo b jI,py»HeHy (1529 E Druxiana, 
quela meltris gadal). Opbixb OTKasbiBaerb, rpoaflTca: ccBeiio ta 
cjoHaMB y6HTb» (1532 ve far6 dele piere ^itar). BepByamBCb oht> 
o6o BceMi paacKasbiBaeT'b Bobo, KOTopbifi, ocTaBBBi IlyjKaua cre- 
pe'ib ^pyaneHy, Bbii3HcaeTb npoTBBT> MapKoCpyHOBa BoficKa: 
«xoHy CA uj KopojiA noKycBTH» = 1549 Cola (jente del re mi* 
voio provar. IjO dux. V. milia chavaleri li delivri. FlocjiAHHiih 
CTBXOMi Hamx TeKCTb Bocnojib30Bajcfl AaJite. 

0H^ BCTptTHJ-b «BoeBOAy» (1553 confaloner) KopojiB, «mbin» 
€My u;6Bjn> (1555 fende) h sfipoio CMy npo6Hjn> (ib. I'usbergo li 
desmaii,), a BOCBOAa naji McprBi Ha seMJio (1556 Del destrer 
morto el trabuchi. «Fcri, franchi cavaleri, MonQoia», crida. Qas- 
cun abate lo so morto al prii) b kodh nojroMajH Ha mhopo ypymKOB» - 
(1559 A, XV. colpi Bovo sua lancja spegk). Bobo coBcpmaerb 
HyAeca xpaCpocTH, OpbU'b BbiBeji H3t> ropoAa naTb Tbicait 
BoftcKa, MapKoCpyn^ 6eperb ero bi njitBT>, npHKa3aj'b Tpy6HTb 
BT>porb ttBnomo.1 cbocio Aoporoio h3 cbohmi bobckomw (1572 Toli- 
fant sona; Inver de Apolonia con soa ?ente sen va). «HK04HBHTe3 

C«opH«fci II Ota. H. a. H. 1^ 

Digitized by Google 



274 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

BOBO BOHCKO U06jliM> H 0046 B3AJ1>, a TOFO HC BtA^X.^'b, niTO KOpOJI 

KHA»;e yxBETHJi)) (1575 Dio, que mal, cheBovo nolo sa! Lamoier 
del dux ben ve^udo Vk; Ela prexe a planner, fort se lamcntit. 
El canpo Bovo recolto h). Y Boport ropoAa oht> yanaerb ott> 
»eHbi KHflSfl H Jl;pymneHh\ wjsmyuxExrb^ hto OpbijT> b3htt>; xoqerb 
uTiipaBHTbCfl Ha ero Bbipywy, ho ont yroBapRBaiorb ero Jiynuie 
3auiHmaTb ropoAi>. MeacAy TtMi> Opbiii> nocaaceHX bi> TeHHBoy h 
MapKo6pyHT> qHHHTb ct> hhmi «yMOBy» (15,93 pato): oxnycTHTb 
ero aaBTpa (1597que8ta sera) HAaBarb eaceroAHo noAeeaTH jHTpi 
(1595 .XXX. marche), ecjin ohi BbiAacxi 6irjeiiOB'b. Opbijii» bi* 
Hanajt orKasbiBaexcfl, ho noTOMT>, noA'b crpaxoMi CMepxH, corja- 
ujaexcfl; MapKo6pyHT> BejHXT> eaiy cofipaxb xbicfl^iy mojoauobi 
(Aajite, no 3a6BeHiio, cxo), nycxb na nocxeiH yfibwxi riyjiKana h 
BoBy; OpbijTb ocxaBHXT> eiwy bt> «3aKjaAi» (1622 per ostadi) cbo- 
HX'b AByx^ cbiHOBefi, a MapKoCpyHT* 6yAexT> atAaxb b^ aacaA*, bi 
jyry (1613 inboscar). Opbu-b BOSBpamaexca B'b ropoA'b, coCpaH- 
Hbie HWb wHaKH HAyx^ BT> najiaa^, roxoBHCb y6HXb BoBa h Uyji- 
KaHa; nyjKaHi> cjbimHxi mxi* marn, c^buiiHxi y ABepee jio^HBUbi, 
KSiKiy Opbijii> pa3CKa3biBajii> ncent o aaAyMaHHOMi) HAfb npeAaxejib- 
cxBi, KaKT* OHa npoxHBHjacb xoMy h oht> e6 yAapejii xaKT>, tto 
cKpoBii €H jHHyja CA 3 Hoca» (1655 Lo vermeio sangue in terra 
fe andar). Ohi antji* CMepxHyio Hcajiocxb» (1656 dolor mortal); 
BopaaBUiHCb BTi noiCOH, oH-b y6HBaexT> KHJi3fl («BAapbijr ero xpbi- 
Kpoxb noacoM'b»= 1661 tanti colpi li da), paaornajii yCiHa'h, ouo- 
etmaexT, BoBa h Jl^pymHeny^ h Bct Bii'fecrt Bbrteacaioxi bst* «ro- 
poAa Kocxejra» (1672 fuora del castelo). nyjiKaHT> BeJinxi, Bobo 
txaxb cb eepeweHHOH iI,py«HeHOH (h6o ohi caMi «b xoh 3eMjiH 6bij 
He CB^AOMw, noflCHflexT> pyccKifi xeKcxT>, roBopamift OAHaKo Aajte, 
Hxo Bobo nofexaxb noAoporfe, yKa3aHHofi IlyjKaHOMi, cj. v. 1692), 
a caMi 6pocaexcfl na bohcko MapKoCpyna («xoqy oohxh xoe bohcko 
npo6HXR» = 1 678 sbaratar). «H po36HJi bohcko na ab* nacxn h 
wCepnyjii ca Ky iuahoh cxopone (1685 Dal altro cavo), HCxpexHJ'b 
ero iDAHH nojiKii Kopojia MapKofipyna, b hoGbji hxI) h noBe3aji mx-b^ 
KOHH noraaj nepeA'b co6oio)) (1686 In le some del re se incontri; 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POM AH A B nOB^CTH. 275 

Davanti da si sele ca<ja). fl.ornsLWh Bobo, oht» roBopart eMy: «Mm 
ecMO Ao6pe aouijib b too sewiE (1 690 nu avemO ben guadagnii). 
IlyjKaH BejiMH ca saoCwj (?1692 savea ben la contra'); h peqe 
Bobo: IIoamo Tant, r^t ecB ry*^ no6BJi» (1694 Le some se vol 
desligar). 

Bt jtcy JUpywHeaa pOAHrt ABOBXt cwHOBefi: CBMCajiAO a Fbh- 
AOHa; nyjKaHi> yxaasBBaerB aa Heft, «H3K cuh Gbu^h xyx ycwAbi 
CBtAOMT> ycioAbi xoAeibio. 

MeaAy TtM^ ApMeaHJijb ycJbimajT>, qro BoBoyBe3T> ^pyHCHeay, 
BejBTT) «AeceTb rojieB nanpaBHTB» ( 1 7 1 1 ft .X. galee armar), co6pajn> 

BOBCKO B BCtMX 3SiKSi3SiJL'h HCKaTb BOBa B 7I,PyaHeHy. . ^Opy»^BB^ 

e6 a A^TOB IlyjKaHy, Bobo BAerb ki Mopw, «aMeB opbiBAeib Kpoji 
ApHeHBJi 3 bobckom Ha npbiCTaHBiae 3 uopa, rzi 6bixi) bohcko 
posornaji (?), b norajB 6bixM0 y ApMCHBiO)) (cji. 1719 Eo so beii 
che Arminiou lo sa Che a Marcabrun Druxiana n'6 menh. lo 
soncerto ch'el' k fato navilio armar, Per tute part ne fark cercar. 
S'io podesse de quele nave trovar, In Armenia averessemo andar}/ 
Bt* to BpeMfl, Kaai riyjiKaHi cnaj^ hoat* AyCoM'b (1734 olivier), 
npoCtraerb «KomyTa» (bt* pyKn. Komy6a= 1735 cerva), 3a neif 
ABa jbBa. HcnyraHHaa 3a A'fcTea, ^pyacHena 30BeTT> riyjKana, ko- 
TopbiB iipocHyBmacb, yfiBBaerb o6obx^ jibBoa-b, ho norneaerb h 
caMi. ((liiKoe 3JI0 yqbiHHja nana, mm saKpbiqaja; a kojib 6bi moji- 
Haja, JBbi HHRoro ne HbiHBJB». HxajibHHCKiH xeKcrb noflCHaerb: 
1742 Per ch'eli era fioli de Rayna incorona'. 

OcTaamBCb OAna, ApyacneHa ci A^TbMB BAerb Aoporow, qro 
Boja Kh Mopio, BCKaxb Bobo, amy^B ero «no CBexy a no ropoAex». 
PyccKiS xeKCxi Haiero ho 3HaexT> 06'h anaaoA'fe ax. 1763 — 1784: 
^pysiaaa npHmja ki 6epery, yanaexi, oxaoBCKie Kopa6jB, Ha ko- 
xopbixi B B03Bpau^aexcfl kI) ApMBHiony. JiBuib no3Hie roBopaxca, 
mo OHa «npbimja yB-OpMeHBio b abiaexi y ABope tuxaa caoero 
KopojA ApMeHHja». 

He HaHAfl HB^ero y 6epera, Bobo B03Bpan;aeTCH Kb maxpaMi, 
BBABXT, yOaxbixT* nyjaaaa b jibBoa-b, Aywaexi,, qxo ohb ciiJiH »eHy 
a A'^TCH, a noxopoHBBi nyjiKaaa bT) au^ahob u)naxflB» (1800 soto 

18* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



276 A. H. BECEJIOBGKlii, 

la tera), tAexT. «ko CBexoMy CeMHu^ay a yexaj yB-wAHH ropoA, 
a Hamoji a ropoAe cto kohhbkob 36poHHbix, KOTopbixi» coSpaji 
tuAHH BHTe3, roryio^ibi ca seKyAbi npoHi. U Bobo hg CMtjii> CBoero 

KOHA UiTblHTH H OpblBedaJl erO BCJIMH KOpOTKO, a6bl HHblX KoaeH 

lie 6hj. TaKOBbiH 6bu Koub y Boaa; HcaAHOMy He Aaj k co6i npbi- 
CTynHTH, TOiKO caMOMy EoBy; h npbiBeaaji koha, BmoJii y naiam> 
ropoAOBbiH, a B HeM 6biJ0 mhofo Ao6pbix jiK)AeH. H BHAeji ca hm 
EoBO BejMH Ao6pbiH pbiuep, n bch npoTHB ero BCTajiH». PyccKifi 
uepeBOAi>, BOo6me coKpau^aiomiH ki> Koauy pa3CKa3a, onycTBJii 
SAtcb HiKOTopbia noApo6HOCTe: , 

1806. Alora Bovo in lo camin intr^, 
E duramente sl^ se laments, 
Ch'elo no sa qu'elo se debia far. 
Davanti da si Bovo reguarda; 
Una gran tore^vegudo elo L 
Infin ala tore Bovo and^, 
E andd ala plaga, e li se sta, 
Che algan niente dito li k. 
A tanto Gutifer oster per la plaga andli; 
Vene a Bovo, si lo domand^: 
oMeser, disse Gutifer, ve plaxe albergar?» 
— Per Dio, disse Bovo, si che mester me fa. 
wMesser, disse Gutifer, se vu no avi dinar, 
Quando n'averi, si me n'averi dar». 
aDio, disse Bovo, si far6 in veritltw. 
Alor Bovo con Gutifer and^ 
En la stala Bovo lo destrer roena, 
Ch'elo no se vol ad algun lassar tochar, 
Si che medesimo Bovo lo convene ligar. 
In su la sala Bovo sen'anda; 
Ben. C. soldadi in sula sala sta, 
Che un chavalei* li avea asold^ 
• Quando Bovo fo su la sala, tuti in pid lev^, 
Per che da vilan elo no par ^a; 
De sovra da li altri ePd un pe mesur^. 

Oahhi» c<HOJit)BtKT> Ao6pbiH Pbi4apA0» (Ri^ardo) cnpamflBaerb 
ero 061, BMeHH (oht> HasbiBaerb ceCH AHroci= 1836 Angossoxo), 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 277 

npeAJaraerb noftATH kt> Heiuy na cjiyacfiy, Cwtb wreTMaBOMt (1839 
cavo; cj. Aajite 1855 = BoeBOAa) aaA cto KOHHBKaMVD, pascRasbi- 
eaerB o67> yeificret FBHAOHa h o tomt>, ^to GmuGsubAO nocjajn. 
ero paabicKHsaTb Bobo: ohi xo!ien> oTOMCTBTb sacMepTb FBHAOHa, 
BoesaTb noAT> AHTOHien. Bobo corjiaceHT> («To ecT ea tboch bojh = 
1857 A vostra volunti), h ohh oxnpaBJiflioTCfl (bt> pascKaat od 
axoH'L V. 1858.cjrfeA. BOHeqiaHCKiS xeKCTL cHoaa Kacaercfl HopoBa 
BoBOBa kohb). npHfibiBii c(KO CBATOMy GeMHwHy)) PnapAO roBO- 
pHTb CHMfiajibAy, HTO BoBa He Hanreji'b, a npHBejn> cro kohhhkobi 
H OAHoro BHTesH, «BejHKoe nAAH 6ojmi> BHbix jK)Aefl», Ha KOToparo 
ocofieHHO HaAterca. «MycHni tm 6biTH Ao6pbiH BHxea, h oapcyna 
TBOA TaK yKaayexbi), roBopHTb Boay CHM6ajibA0. «HPbiqapAop.e^e: 
He CTOHTb neHA3A. KojH Toe Bobo ycjbimaj'b, pe^e €My: 3a mxo, 
6paxe, raHHffl? tacxofiOK) Hexoqy xypnara KomxoBaxH, a bbbSexbc 
Ha oojHi) (1891 In carapo m in bataia con vu no me prova'). KorAa 
xoxi Bbi3biBaexT> ero, ohi corjamaexcfl na xanoMi* ycJOBin: ccecjH ra 
xe6e c koha 3o6k), nexan Moe lOHaabi xbobmi> HaDJiK)K)xb» (1897 Li 
mie'conpagni li vostri averi robar), b naofiopoxT,. OoetAa ocxaexca 
ua cxopoHt BoBa; c(B peKJB BoBOBbi kohhhkh PbmapAOBbiMi> : Bh- 
ABxe, mxo yMecxb HbiHBxn nam-b BBxe3?» (1908 E Sinibaldo a Ri- 
^ardo va, Si li disse: Que ve par del nostro soldi?). PwqapAO 
Bbi3biBaexi> Bobo noMtpHXbca Ha motoxt*, ho xoxt> roBopHxi eny, 
Hxo oxB^Aaex^ ero paHbme, ntMX 0XT)tAexTi oxt, ropoAa. 

PaHO yxpoMT> Bobo h Tepbi3T> BAyxT> hoatj ropoAi; Bobo afibu'b 
CBtAORTb DUHoro Ahxohha bt> kohcaomtj Mecxe» (1925 Ch'elo sa ^en 
lo vegnir e Tandar) h ox6BBaexT> ropoACKoe cxaAO. y3HaBT> ofii* 
3X0MI, AoAOH'b Bbitxaj-b cb BOHCKOMT>; roxMaHOM'b y Hero ^an 
AjiCpbiro (1938 dan Albrigo lo confalon portli). 

B-b cxfeAywmeMi Aajte annaoAt pyccKift xeKcxT> npcACxaBjaexb 
HaHCojibmee b He cjyqafiHoe oxKJiOHeHie oxt> HxajiancKaro. B'b no- 
cjitAHeMT* npB3HaHie BoBa CHM6ajibA0MT> coaepmaexcfl, npn oco- 
6bixT> o6cxoflxejibcxBax^, nocjit fiHXBbi c-b ^oaohomi; B'b pyccKOMi 
3xoxT> pa3CKa3T> onymeHT> h saMtneH'b xaKHMi* oepaaoM-b: nepcAi* 
ChxboS BoBa «cnoBeAaj ca Tepbiay, npbisBaj-b ero k co6e b pene: 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



278 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

IX ecMfl, Spaxe, bhtos Bobo, BKaHtH mh, €Cjh no3Haemi y BDBCKy^ 
XTo 3ary6HJ Hamoro nana. H crajit c xoro Tepws BejMB Becejii», 
yKa3biBaeTi>HaiI,OA0Ha: <cu;ho mro nepeA bchmh eAeTb» (BiHTaiiaH- 
CKOMi reKcxt v. 1946 jHmHee: El'e quel a^uel falcon dork), co- 
BiTyerb BepHyxbCB, h6o Henpiflxejiefi mhopo. Ho Bobo HenpeirfeeHo 
xoMexi nonpo6oBaxb cboh Meqi* ccHa ^oaohobomi BOHCKy spaAiibi 
3Joro)) (1952 Sovra la ^ente le trait deslial), c(ApeB033AJi noAnaxyji 
(1955 Bassa la latiQa) h npoKOJiojrb ^OAOHOBy cSpoio «t2iKi> 6hU'b 
KrpoxoK'b A0Jirb» (1960 Co' I'asta e longa a tera lo roversa, E le 
budele defora li andJ,). AoAOHa yHocaxi* ero jiioah, a Bobo B3flj'b 
CB0# <ao6pbiH uei-b KrjApeHabiK))> (1964 Clarenga) h yCHBaex-b 
^aa Aj6pbiro. 

ccBBAtji roe Tepbi3 b BeJbMB ero noxBajHXb; b xoe bohcko BBxe3 
Bobo npornaji b nomoj ko CBAxoMy CeMBu>By». T}"rb a (v. 1 969 cj.) 
HaHBHaexcfl B-b BxajfiaHCKOM-b xeKcxt dnfl30Ai> npasHaflifl, onymea-. 
HbiH BamflMi nepeBOA^BKOM'b — Henoxony jb, hxo emy BenoHaxeHi 
6hijrh 3anaAHbiB o6biqafi, no KoxopoMy Aatfbi npBCJiyacBBajnr pbma- 

pflMl, MblBmBMCH B-b BBHBt? ^) BOBO Cb TepBCOAfb B03Bpamai0XCfl Bl 

3aM0KT> CBHBCajibAo, TepBCb pa3CKa3b]Baerb oxny o noABBpaxi* 
HOBaro BHXH3fl, H y Bero ABjiaexcfl coMHtaie: He Bobo iB bxo? 
TaKie yAapw AftBajn* ero oxeui Fbbaoh^. CBHB6ajbA0 cnpamB- 
BaexT> Hceny, CbiBrayK) KopwBJiBi^y Bobo, j^3Haja jb 6bi oaa ero? 
Ta roBopHXT>, qxo y nero Ha npaBOMT> oje^it 6biJia poAHHKa bi BBAt 
Kpecxa; ycjibiraaBTj noAOsptHie uyxca, OHa coBtxyen* CMy Bsroxo- 
BBXb BaHHy jiJLH ccSfl B MH npitssearo BHxa3fl, ona bohagxi co CBt- 
qeK) H ysHaex^, xo'iho jb axo Bobo. TaKT> coBepmaexca npHSHaflie, 
H no3Ma CHOBa coBiiaAaerb ct> HamBMT> nepeBOAOMi: 2061 De Do- 
don de Maganza ve voio contar, Che per tute part mesa^er 
mandi, O'che se podesse un medego trovar, Chi savesse soe 
plaghe sanar, Tanto li dark oro como saveri domandar = « A A^- 
AOH 6b]ji BejiMB HeMoaoH tux paHbi Ha cuepxb b noiai roBOpbiXB: 
Xxo MB MOHcexb noMoqbi u>x xoe paHbi, abm eMy 3J0xa kojko caM 



*) Cj. cooTB'l^TCTByiomifi dnMsoA-b bt. XpHcrant, Bumef cxp. 162. 

Digitized by Google 



H31> IICTOPIH POMAHA R HOB^CTH. 279 

ycxo4eTb». — Bubo h Tepbiab xotht b BbiAaxb ce6fl Bpa^MH a nofixH 
je^iBTb AoAOHa; noMaaajincb 3CJibCMib n crajiH a^iopneH yrojibA 
(2079 agrenient destenpr^), xaKx 4to hxi ue iipH3Baji> n Can- 

6ajlbA0, KOTOpOHy EoBO BejIHTb 6blTb Ha POTOBI; H ABHTbCH Ha DO- 

Momb no iipH3biBH0My pory. CRu6ajbAt) Aaerb BoBy nncbMO ki> 
«BopOTHOMy» ropoAa, cBoeMy Cpaxy rjH6epTy (2090 Qilberto); 
OAtsmHCb «tiejirpbiMaMH», noAnoflcaBT* Me'l'b «noA'b ryHio» (le scla- 
vine 2094), ohh HAyrb, a FiHeeprb, iipo^TH imcbMO Opaxa, iipiio- 
THA-h Bx-b BX cBoeii-b Aowt. CKopo pasHBCJiacb no ropoAy atcxb, 
qxo npBniJH «3HaMeHBXbi€ J-feKapbD) (2122 raedexi natural), h ^o- 
AOHi nocbuaexi) 3a hhmb. OhI) cbahxi> ua nocxejB, 6jtAHbiH ardKi> 
iiynaBa» (2129 come cenere lavi); H3MtHBJCH bi jMJxk ^ Bobo, 
3aBHA'feBT> Maxb, o6i>flCHflexi> 9X0 BCxptqeS cb ateHiUHHoft: JieKapH, 
HAymie ki 6oJbHOMy, axoro ne jio6flXT>. BepnyBniBCb Ha Apyrofi 
ABHb (3aBxpa; HenocpcACXBeHno Aajtc CKasaHO no oiuHfiKt, 'ixo ohh 
BepnyjiHCb na ocbMofi), ohh roBopflXT>, hto H3^ ropoAa MoM6paAa 
(2148 Monbrand), h ^oaohi oCtmaexb: «6ciH MO^exe 3JieqbixH, 
-xo^iy CA BaMjb 3J0X0M tuxBa^KbixH (2151 A fin oro ve faro pexar. 
Alora Bovo si lo desliga, E como medego ben lo cercha, Po' al 
8U0 albergo sen torna. Que ve dov' e' plu le parole perlongar? 
Ben .IX. di Bovo lo medega. Quando fo li .IX. di conpli e passi, 
Bovo e Teris al pala?o sen'anda, E vcte la plaga chi era molt(i 
fundi). H lUHbi arjeAaBuibi pany, peKJia: IIocjiyxaH, Jlomie, xox 
BBxe3, KoxopbiH XH xyK) pBHy Aaj, MbicjiHxb xe6e 3ary6HXH». Ohb 
cSpocHJiH ryuH, oxKpbieaioxcfl ^oAony, no Bobo ho xohoxtj ero 
yOwxb, c<3auio« waxn moa xe6e uaBeja 3a6Hxn tuxua MOcro», a ee- 
jrexT> Bbrbxaxb hst* ropoAa, K-b KoxopoMy noAomej'b CHM6ajibA0 Cb 
BoficKOMT*. Cboio waxb Bobo saxtBaexii cace^ib (pyccKin xeKcxi* 
upH6aBJflexT>: <«a6o KOHbMH BOJioMbixH»), HO no coBtxy CHMfiaJbAO 
npHKa3biBaexi) aaMyposaxb Memjiy AByxi> cxini), «HexaH ca cbohxI) 
rpexoB'b Kaexb (jHurnee npoTHB-b HxajriaHCKaro: «HexaH na nee 
BCAKa MOKpoxa H cxyACH iiaAaexb, a nexan ca ee noxoxb racHXb) 
H Bobo xaK Bqb'^HBj, raKh CBM6ajbA0 aejej-b (2186 Bovo fe como 
Sinibaldo lo consia. Un ano e .III. mesi la dentro demerit) h bc- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



280 ^ A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

.ieji> €0 AafiaTH Ha Aen no Tpu eaubi (^=onxe.... de pan 2188) 
II xjt6a n no Majy boabi bii ycra nycKaTH«. 

MencAy rfeMi) iloAoni ymejii> bo ^^panaiio, majyeTcn Kopojio 
riflnHHy (2193 Pepin) naBoBO, BbiPHaBiuaro ero h3i> ero iiapcTBa. 
BHtcrb ch IlHnHHOArb oui> noAomeJi noA^b Ahtohiio, pa^Gnxb 
inaTpbi (2205 pavion), Bbimerb see npeAMtcTbe (2206 tuti li 
borghi). BoBO Bbii33KaeTi> b3i> ropoAa, 3a hhm'b ace bobcko (bi> 
BTajiaHCKOMT> xeKCTt ntrb l-rojHcxa); yfiBBaerb AoAona nCeperb 
Bi njiHi nHnHHa, Koxoparo Beserb bt> AnxoHiK) (cooxBtxcxaie cb 
HxajbBHCKHM'b xeKCxoM^ B03cxaH0BJHexcfl : 2214 Fe avrir le porta 
e li ponti abassar, Intr^ in Antona, lo Re per prixoner menli) h 
yupeKaexT> 3a yHHneHHoe HM'b 3Jio. Tox^ co3Haexca, hxo 6bU'b ne 
iipaBT), npHcaraexT> «Ha aBanrejieB)) (2223 per sagrament), mxo hh- 
KorAa He cxaHexT> BoeBaxb npoxwB'b Hero, h o6tmaexT> Aaxb bi* 3a- 
.10HCHBKH cbina (229 Mio fio Karlo). CbiH^b naxoABJiCH npn BOHCieb, 
II 3a HHMi> iiocbuaiorb: «h nomejib ero nocoj, a c hhmi iuahh rpa- 
aceHHH (2234 Drogo lo Pitaidin siraconpagni. IlepeBOAHHK^, 
oHeBHAHO, npoHejT>: Citadin); «a npbi HeMi) 6biJiH APa mojiobckh 
3HaMeHBXbie, idahh CojyMOH, Koxopbin ero xoBajr, a Apyrae Kpbh- 
AOH, KoxopwH ero yibij)) (2235 Salaraon le ardi e Guidon I'in- 
seni). nanHHTi nepeAaexb cbwa Bosy, B3flji'b y aero «npomee€» 
(2237 comiado domanda), a CBoeMy BoficKy ano^aj noBeAaxH» 
(2238 bando cridar), hto aaMHpBjicfl c'-b Bobom^. 

Haiajio cjitAyK)ui.aro a63aaa B^ pyccKOM-b nepeaoA'fe, oqeBHAiio, 
npHHaAJiea;HXT> HeAopasyMtfliio: aVL nocjbimaji (xo-ecxb, Bobo), 
nixo ^pyacHeHiHa npbimjia ya-OpMeHHio h »tbiBCXb y ABope vjuxaa 
CBoero KopoJA ApMeH«jia». Btpno nenocpeACXBeHHO cjitAyiomee, 
corjacHoe cb HxajiaHCKHM'b xeKCX0M^: hxo ^pyacHeHa yanaja o 
BOSBpameniH Boaa bI) AnxoHiio (b% HxajiaHCKOMi xeKCxt 2246 
Spesse fiadc k oldft contar — A nobeli cantadori e bufon e a 
5ablar) <<h He Mtjia caoero acbiaoxa, ecjH ne naHAexb caoero nana 
BoBaw (2250 S'ela nol trova, viver non vol ga). HaxepniHCb 
oAHHMi 3ejbeMT>, oxHero ona cxajia^Hepna «raKi yrojib» (2253 plu 
uegra de mora), bshbti c-b co6ok> rycjiH (2254 arpa) h yqHHHBOiHCb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3t HCTOPIH POMAHA OOBtCTH. 281 

«GKOMopofflHHaoK)» (2258 Qublara), oaa BMtcrfe cb CbiHOBbflMH xo- 
*AHTT> noBCWAy, paawcKHBafl Myaca. Uenonnrh ^epeBOA^HKOM^ no- 
BOAi> Ki> TaKOMj opeBpan^eHiK): noTOMy oktb raKi npeo6pa3Hjacb, 
roBopHTb HTajiiaHCKiH xeKCTb, qro oiia 6bMa KpacHBa h efl npH- 
mjiocb npofiATH MHorifl aapcTsa, npeHtAe H'kui> eaniJia Bobo (2265 
Per fjo lo fe Druxiana ch'ela avea lo vixo smera, Per che molti 
riami li conviene cercar, Avanti ch'ela podesse Bovo trovar). Cji. 
nepcBOA'b: wFIjieMeHHiia JI,pya«HeHHa BHACJia ca jiioAeM'b AoCpoe 
Duco6bi npo TO, uiTo M-fejia TBap xopomy; a to aja tofo qbiHHja, 
3aiiK)>K en CT0A.10 3a BejiRKoe KopojieBCTBO, KOJin 6b] Bosa Ha- 
ffl.ia» (?). 

BoBO Hrpaji b^ inaxMaTbi ci> oahhmii BHTfl3eNi> n Becejraji^ 
CBoe cepiie (2275 so cor confortar), KorAa ABJiHeTca nocoj-b OT-b 
MajrapiH, roBopnrb, hw ^h OTeii-b yMepT>, a ee ocaAHJi'b Kopojb 
yropcKiH (2284 Lo re Passamont d'Ongaria), xonerb nacHJibHO 
B3flTb ee 3a ce6a. Majrapia nanoMHBaja BoBy «Bejimy\o Ao6poTb» 
(2288 servixio), KOTopyio ona eMy HHHH^a, npocHJia noMoma, 
ofitmaja KpecTHTbCH h iipeA^arajia cbok) pywy. — Bobo cfiHpaerb 
BOHCKO (y Hero reTMaH0MT> Tepbi3'b: 2306 L'insegnadeBovoTeris 
la j)ortft.) H HAen, kt> SaAOnin. BHTBa noAi> neio pa3CKa3aHa bt> na- 
meM-b TCKCTt B-b AByxTi cjioBax-b: «H BHAea Bobo na nojiH bohcko 

H nOIDOJI K HHM'b. TOC BOHCKO BHAeBUIBI, IDTO He MoryTb TepntTH 

npoTHB'b BoBa, h nofitrjHi). Bi> opifrHHaJife Hauiero nepcBOAa, one- 
BHAHO, fibiJi^ nponycKi, ecjH ne BMfeHHTb ero pasctflHHOCTii nepe- 

BOAHHKa. Bt> BTajiOHCKOH n0.3M'fe nOApofiHO OHHCblBaeTCa . noxoAT* 

Bobo MopeM^, npnCbiTie iioa'b. CaAOHiro; He BOJita^ CBoeMy BoficKy 
TporaTbCfl, OHT> Bbifea^aerb oAaH'b h BwsbiBaerb na 6oft Flacca- 
MOHTa. Me«Ay rfeM^ JXpymnensi ct> cbiHOBbHMH naK-b pasb noAomja 
K-b CaAOHiH, yctjiacb iia rop'i^, bhahtl cpaacaioiuHxca h nosHaueHH 
y3Hae'rb bi oahom^ m'h nvix-h Bobo, KOToporo b noKasbiBaerb a*- 
THM-b. 0H^ nopa3HJi'b IlaccaMOHTa, nenpiaTejiH «no6trjH. BHTes 
Bobo roHHjii> 3a hrmf» (2386 Bovo cola soa gente li incal^i) 
H BCTynaerb B'b 3aAOHiio. CooTBiTCTBie tckctob^ CHOBa B03CTa- 
HOBJiaeTcn. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



282 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlft, 

BejtBi acxaxB Ao6pbiM jioAeM> y BejHKHH Kpyr» (irferb B;b 
BTajiaHCKOMi) TeKcrfe) h no3BaBi> ccfiHCKyiiao (2395 arcivescovo), 
BoBO npocHTb ero OKpecTHXb Majrapiio, «h aja ee qyAHOCXH He 
xortji eH HMeHH uTMeHHTH H Bejieji ee Majroparoio 3BaTB» 
(2398 Ijo norae h belo, nol volse canbiar, Malgaria li messe 
Dome, cossi la fe clamar) ^). Ohti iotobhtch Kh cBaAbfii, a bi aro 

BpeMB BBHJaCb Bl TOpOAl* ^pyHCHeHa CB CblBOBbflUH, BHAHTli BoBa 

H Majiropery, cTOfliuHxi> aua uiahomi> KraHKy» (2403 ali balconi), 
Haqaja Ha rycjflx^ urpaxb, cbiuoBbB Tauayiorb, a oHa npHntaaerb 
«a> iI,pyH(HeHHe oyAHOH, r^Kh ee Bobo BTparej 6jh3K0 Mopa na 
npHCTaHHmww = 2406 Chavaleri e baron or intendl fja D'un novo 
sonar del regno de Frauga, De Bovo d'Antona e de la bela Dru- 
xiana, Conio elo la pcrdi sula riva del mar. 

CjbiuiHTb 3T0 BoBo, (TbTyeTT*, HTo acKOMopouiKa xoAe^ibi no * 
ropoAOM iipbineBacTb w mho w iv iI,pyH«HeHHe», npH3biBaerb ee kt> 
ce6t, <iTo6b] ee oAapaxb, ho ona «He xorkia CoJUieH HrpaTH» 
(2420 moto noli sona = ne iipopoHHja cJioaa), HAerb k-b ceCt na 
cccraHo (2426albergo), o6oHxi>cbiHOBefiy6paja «BniaThii> (2429 Lo 
cavo li petena, lo vixo li lav^, Sili vesti d'un palio roxA), BejHT-b 
HATH Ko ABopy : a kojh OTem> saxoietB yMbiaaxb pyKH, oahht> uycxb 
noAacTb eMy BOAy, Apyrofi pynHHK'b (iiocjfeAHaro bb ht. TOKcrfe 
Hirb); KOJH CHAer-b 3a ctoj^, CToflxe nepeA^ bbmij h ua Bonpocb, 
KTO HX'b oreu-b, oTB'feqaHTc: HHKorAa ne bha^jih ero, HiaewB ero no 
qywHMT>3eMJflM'b, a Maxb uaiiia 3Atcb, Moweuib cnpocHXb ee. Bbbx. 
xeKcxt 2443 cjtA. ona bojibxt. hmb Ha3Baxb cefin h BoBa no 
HMeHH. — 3a cxoaoM-b a^xh o6paiuaioxT> Ha ce6fl BHHMaHie BoBa; 
CHM6ajbAo HHSTi HHHero HcsHaexTi, ohh roBOpflXB, KaKT> Hay^Hja 
HX'b Maxb, Ha3biBafl Bona H^pyHCHeny. KaK^ ycjibiniaJiB 3xo Bobo, 

CKOMHJ-b «iepe3'b CXOJT> K-b AtXflMB, HB^iaJll HX'b UtjOBaXb «H K.VT 

BejHKoe MHjocxn coMjitji» (2471 strangossii). Ohb oxKpwBaexcfl 
HM^, BejHx-b noBecxH cefifl K-b AtaxepH, a ona cnAHxi wiopna mkb 
yrojbD (2481 carbon araorgi). — Boxt> nama Maxb, roBopaxB 



*) C.i. BT. 8-a rima: Malgarita (rm. Malgaria) = Majropara. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POHAIIA H IIOB^CTH. 283 

AtTH. ttBoBO pene: HemjAxaTHHuw, Bbi «hok) KyHmTyeTe»! (2486 
Ai, fel gloto', me voli vu beffar!) Ho rfe ycnoKOHBaiorb ero: hxt> 
METb BT> ApyroMT, AOMt (2490 in quests camara). yAajiHBUiBCb B-b 
ApyroH uoKofi, iI,py«HeHa yHbiJiacb <kboakoh) iiyAHOioi> (2493 aqua 
roxada), OAtjiacb B-b asejiMH KomroBHoe njiarbe y .uoTorjiaB, h b3jo- 
HCbua Ha rojOBy Beneii BejMH uyAHbiH^ b BqbiHBja ca raK Kpacua, 
OKI* HH OAHara ptTb Ha CBerew (2495 PoMe richi drapi ela se 
adorna, Con un fil d'or ben se con<^, ^om e ghirlanda in soa 
testa fenn^; Ela k plu bela de fada ni d'ayguanii). TyrB Eobo 
npHSHaerb ee, utjiyerb, HAerB bti najiauT>. IIo ropoAy nonuia BtcTb, 
wo flfiymBensi Bepuyjacb; Majirapin npHBtxcTByerb ee, a BoBa 

npOCHT7> H efi HaHATH My»ea^ KOTOpbit M0n>-6bl apbIQ.apCTBO HOCHTH» 

H AepaaTb ea iiapcxBO. BoBa Aaert efi Tepbisa; «BHTe3 Tepbi3 
upHHAJi ee BOJMH BAAHHO H CTaji> TocooAapeMi BceneA AepmaBe»= 
2524 Amantinente la dona spox^; El fo signor de tute quele 
contra'. 

HaaTOMiCTHxt o^pbiaaercfl bi> BeHeuiancKofi noaut paacKaai, 
KOTopbifi Hamii nepeBOAi> A0CKa3biBaen> bi HtcKOJbKHX'b CTpoKaxi>: 
BoBO ci> Jlpymuenon h CbiHOBbHMH B03BpauiaK>TCfl bi> AnTOHiio, 
lOHaKH BoBa no AoaiaMi, Tepbi3i> ocTajicn bi> acapaiibiHCKOB 3eMJH». 

BOBO CXaBHTl 060HXT> CblHOBefi BRTfl3HMR, OAHOFO H3T> HHX'b, FbH- 

AOHa, eme npa acH3HH napeirb KopojieMT>, Apyraro, CHMfiajbAO, Be- 

JHKHMT> KHA3eM'b (dUX?). A y TepbI3a pOAHJCa CWHTi rBHAOHT>, y 

KOToparo eme Obui cwht., «hma euy 6biJ0 a^Aobo, Tepbi3, a Maxka 
ero 6bua Cnappa. A TaKi> ca AOKOHHbiJio nHcaHbc w BoBe». 

MOH aHaJB31i n03HaHCK0H UOBtCTH BOBt Wh CBH3H Cb BCHC- 
UiaHCKBM'b TeKCTOMTj, MOTReVb 6blTb, rptmBTt HtKOTOpOK) OOApofi- 
HOCTbK); HO CT> OAHOH CTOpOHbl, A^JO HACTb ApeBHtfiuieM'B, HOKa 
HSBtCTHOMt, TeKCrfe OAHOfi H3^ OOnyjapHtfimBXl HapOAHblX'b KHHrb, 

c^ ApyroH — MaHHjia 3aAaqa, ptiiKo TaKT> oCcxaB^ieHHaH, HSiWh h,ih 
Hamero oaMaTHHKa, npocjrfeABTb no aranaM'b Hcxopiio Bro nepcBOAa, 
nepcAtjOK^ H HCKaaceflifi. CepficKift nepesoA'iBK'b AoaojbHO 6jh3ko, 
HacTo AOCJOBHo nepeAacTb noAJiHHHHK^; 'ixo oht* ToasACCTBeHi ci 
BeHeaiaHCKHMT> TeKCTOMT) HJH fibUTj KTi Hcwy qpesBbisafiHO 6jH30KT>, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



284 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

Bi> 3T0Mi> Mbi MorjH yfitjiHTbCfl H3^ cpaBHeHifl. OnymeHbi jramb 
ABE 3DH30Aa: pa3cm3i> ejiHHo6opcTBt BoBbi cb yropcRHMi) Kopo- 
jieMi noai> 3aA0Hieft m anH30Ai> npHSHaHifl BoBa bi> 6aHt; bosmos* 
HOCTb nocjitjiHflro onymenia cepdcKHM^ nepeBOA^HKOifb mm o6i- 

HCHBJH CeC-fe HesnaKOMCTBOM'b C^ COOTB'feTCTByiOmHM'b-OfibiqaeM'b, 
XOTfl 3AtCb AtJIO He Ely npOCTOM'b nponyCKt, a, Wb HSBtCTHOM'b 

CMbicjt, H BT, nepcAtJiKt, h6o npH3HaHie Bobo Tepbi30MTi pa3CKa- 
3aH0 HHaqe. Moacerb Cbiib, TaKaa Bepcia cymecTBOBaja ya;e bt* 
noAJHHHHKt nepeBOAHHKa, OTJiHqHOMT> Bi 3T0H qeprfe orb BeneuiaH- 
CKaro TeKCTa? 3to noTOwy BtpoHTHO, hto nHbiXT> cjrfeAOBTi co6- 
CTBeHHO rifacimento nara-b TCKcrb ne npeAcraBJiaeT^. Hto wh Bene- 
aiancKOH noaid-fe Bobo totobhtcb cme^b MaTb-HSMtoHHoy, a bt. pyc- 

CKOfi nOBtC TH, KpOM-fe TOPO, H paSMblKaXb KOHaMH — MOmeTb 6bITb 

ofi^flCHeHO npHCTaBKOH nepcBOAHHKa, ho Morjo HaxoAHTbca HBi^ero 
opHrHHaJit. BbipaHceRia: qepen^ (Hepna) KaK'b qepHHJio, KaKi 
niejiKOBHHHbiH iijioAT>, KaK'b yrojib — nepeAanbi BcerAa nocjtAHnMT> 
cpaBHenieM^; aro a^JO JHMHaro sKyca; lOHaKy oxBiqaerb: bazeler, 
baron, cavalier; reTMam, (HOCflmifi snaMa, xopyrBb) h BejioKift Knasb 
(dux) npuHaAJiejKarb, B-fepoaxHO, pyccKOMy cnHCKy, .lyrb bt. 3Ha- 
Hemvi bosco h opncxaHHiue = riva, Momerrh 6bixb, cepCcKOMy nepe- 
BOAy: HanoMHHM'b Kcxaxe, qxoHB^TpHcxaHtBCxptqaexcanocjitAHee, 
HeoCbiHHoe oxoHCAecxBJieHie, nepsaro a ne saMtxHJi^, ho axo HHCXbifl 
cep6H3M^ HCjiBHce AajiMaxH3M'b: Jiyrb bt> 3HaqeHiH pome cajiomb Aa 
paA0MT> Bcxptqaexca y Ay6poBHHaKO-AajMaxHHCKHX'b nodxoB'b; Delia 
Bella oepeBOAHx-b bosco : dubrava, lug, gaj; yxopsaxoB'b jiyrap= 
ji-fecHHK^. Cj. bx TpOBHCKOH flpuxHt (Mikl. I): /I,oyAOMa ji^n> = 
Dudoma neuius; jioyrb = qama, AySpaBa B-b KHBPfe 6bixia He6a 
B 3eMJH, B3AaHH0H A. H. rJoooBbiMTj (HxemH, 1881, I, 
cxp. 168). — HHxepecHO oCpameHie HtKoxopwx^ HapaiiaxeJbHbix'b 
HMeHx B'b co6cxBeHHbia, H Hao6opoxT>: 3nexexT> npn Bjohao* — 
meltris^ xo-ecxb, meretrix (cji. B'b 3xom^ 3HaqeHiH B'b Recueil 
d'exeraples en ancien italien, H3AaHHbixT> Ulrich'ow'b B^ Romania 
J\649 p. 58, Glossaire: Meltrise = raeretrice; meltrix y Bonvesin 
da Riva), noaaxo KaK'b coficxBeHHoe bmb: «a ch 6biJ0 hma Mepe- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H IIOBtCTH. 285 

mpuczy>; cj. A&Jrfee «KypBa »coua KrBHiioHOBa», ccrarii k} psa luape- 

TpblC», pflAOMt CT> BjOHAOeS; B-b II03AHtfiinHX1> pyCCKHXT* TeKCTaxx 
BjOHAOH COBCfeMT> HC4e3Jia, EMtCTO BCfl MlMUmptiCa^ HTO CjHHCe 

KT. raeltris BeHeuiaucKaro xeKCia, HtMT> ki Mepempuch nosHaH- 
CKaro, KOTopoe Moaterb 6biTb h axHMOJorHsecKHM'b noAHOBjeHieMi. 
^Jfl reHeajoriH xeKcia Bobw axo oxjHnie Bameo. — floAoenyK) 
uepeAtJKy npeACxaBJiaexi h castello^ ta* BJiacxByexT> Opbuxi^oHi 
OHyxHJCfl ropoAOM^ KocmeAOMz, ho phaomi cxoi!xt> eme h aaMOKd; 
no3AHtHmie xeKcxbi yAepacajH nepBoe. — Chiarenzay nasBaHie 
Mena Oliver'a (= AjHBepa), nepemeAuiaro bi pyKH Bobo, aajiHexca 
BT> ^opMt KiAApenuuA H KiAAdeHUbiA; oxxyAa Mem> K^adenenz 

BeJHKOpyCCKHXl CnHCKOBli, 06o6mHBIIliHCfl Bl* CKaSKaXl Bli HMfl 

HapHuaxejbHoe. Sadonia^u ^erKO 6bij|o uepeiAXH b'b Sddoum^ ox- 
KyAa Bi noaAHtflmeH sepcin noBtcxH aoHxexi aadonaciA^ nepene- 
ceHHbiH ci cyjixaua Ha MapKoSpyHa h, 6bixb Moacen>, oxpasHB- 
mificH Bi> «3aAOHCKoS» 3eMJit rjh opAt narnHxi* 6biJHHi». 

Bi KaKHxi> oxHomeHinx^ cxorxi no3HaHCKiH xeKcxi> nostcxH 
Boat KT> ea sepciH, pacnpocxpaHCHHOH B-b BejHKopyccKHx^ cnac- 
KaxT> H jiy6o<iHbiX'b HSAaHiaxt — na axoxT> Bonpocrb mojkho 6yAexi 
oxBtxHXb oecxoflxejibH-fee, KorAa nepBbie 6yAyxT> npHaeAeHbi bi h3- 
BicxHocxb H ycxaHOBJieHa reneajoriH xeKcxa, hmh npeAcxaBjacMaro. 
Jy6o<iHOH CKa3KH'fl Aajite He nacaiocb; B3AaHiH ea Atjaxca Ha ABt 
KaxeropiH: oAna npeACxaBJiaexT> anojHyK)» Hcxopiio Bobw, Ha32jiH- 
cxaxi>: aCKasKa no^aaa ocjiaBHOMi>, CHjmoftfb, xpadpOM-b HHeno6t- 
AHMOMi BHxaat Boat KopojeaHHt h o npeKpacHtftineH cynpyre 
ero KopojieBHe^pyHCHeBHtw; Apyraa, coKpamenHaa Bnocj-feAcxBin, 
noMtmaexca na 8 jiHcraxT> iioat* 3arjiaBieMT>: afHcxopHa o xpa6poMT> 
H cjaBHOM'b BHxese BoBe KopojesHMe h o cm fcpxn oxbua ero» ^). 
rioJHaa peAaKuia jiyGo^uofi CKa3KH aeAexi CBoe Ha^ajo oxi> OAHofi 
H3i AByxi rpyno-b, na Koxopbia pacnaAaroxca pyccKie chhckh^). 

^) Cji. ITbinHB'b 1. c. CTp. 249; PoBHHCKifi. PyccKia HapoAHUfl KapTMBKH 
T. I, cxp. 77 CJitA. (KpaxKift xeKcx-b), 84 cj-fe^. (nojHbifi xeKCXT>). 

^ IlpeAJiaraeMoe MJte pacnpeA^jieHie npM6jiM3iixe.ibHoe, He ptmaiomee, a 
Biii3UBaK>tuee Bonpocb. TaKi> oiOHeuKifi caHC0Ki>, KOxopuMi* h nojibsyiocb x.ajite, 
npMHaAie>Riixi> no sanajiy kI) xHny b, ho AaJte Aaex-b BapiaHxu K-b a. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



2S6 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIR, 

Oj^Ha (b) npeACTaBJfleTCfl cKoponecHbiMb cGophbkom'b HHnepaT. 
ny6jHqH0H 6B6jioTeKH, Koeaa XYII BtKa (Tojct. 2,215, Ilyfiji. 
6H6jr. XVII, Q, 27), no KoropoMy HaiD^* noaicTb 6bijia HanenaTaHa 
BT> naMHTHBKaxi> ApcBHefi nBCbMeHHOCTH (BbiB. I-ft 1879 r.): CKa- 
3aH0fl npo xpafiparo BHresA opo Bosy KapajteBB^a. Hai. ((Ht 
B KoeMi 6biJio aapcTBt b BejiHKOMi> rocyAapcTBt b cjraBHOBfb rpaAe 
BO AHTOHt mauL-h CbWb cjaBHbiH Kopojb Bhaohi> i npoBtAajTb 
B cJiaBHOM'b rpaAe lAeMeHTHHHe y cjiaBHaro Kopojira KHp6HTa Bep- 
3ayjiOBH«ia AOHb npeKpacHyio KopoJieBHy MiijHTpHcy. I npnaBa k ce6t 
^K)6HMaro cjryry iwcHeM jlwHapAy i no^eJi roBopiiT». Oht> BejHTb 
eMy txaxb cBaxaxbCfl aa MnjiBTpHcy, cjtAyerb oiiBcaHie caaTOBCTBa; 
MHJiHTpHca aaBBjflerb oTuy o csoeM-b HeacejaelH BbiHATH *3a Fbh- 
AOHa H CBoefi jk)6bh kt> iI,qAOBy, bo oxeaii cxobxt> aa CBoeMT>. — 
Ko BxopoH rpynnt xeKCxoBi (a) npflHaAJeH(flxi> noBicxb Hcxombh- 
CKaro c6opHHKa XVII Bina (B-b PyMflBiiOBCKOMi Myset), aaneqa- 
xaHHan bi npBjionceHiH ki> axoMy HacjrfeAOBafliio ^). Ha^. aBbicxb ntKiH 
Kopoji Fbaaoh b cjiaBHOMi> rpaAe OnxoHO. Kojb oh 6bu MJiaA i 
B Aofipe nope, xorAa k co6t H36Bpaji bo ABop xpaSpbix BHXBseH 
B sjiaxoKOBanbixi) Aocntctx h na 6bicxpbixi kobbxi> b oxoh 6bu 

C HHMB t3AflX B 4BCX0e HOJie XeUlBXUa Ha JOBJK), C COKOJbl B C HC- 

xpenbi Ha nxBUbi b c BbiHCJOKH Ha SB-J^pH. M Kami 6bicxb b 6oji- 
moM'b B03pacxe h xorAa pene Kopoj BBXfl3eM^ cbohm, rAt-6 eMy 
npBBCKaJiB neetcxy ox BeJHKa njieMHHB; h xorAa eMy CKaaajH: 
y Kopojifl Ae KBp6H4a ecx xiuep npeKpacnafl MBJBxpHca». Ohi> 
mjiexi> 3a nee CBaxaxbCH CBoero c(KOHiomero» JlnqapAy; noApo6- 
HocxB CBaxoBcxBa KpaxHe, qtan* bi npeAWAyuieMT, xeKcxt. 

CyAfl no naaajiy, kx axon rpynn-fe oxhochxcb HlloroA. J\& 1773, 
ceopHHK-b XVII — XVIII BtKa: «CKa3aHie o xpaSpocxa betrsh 
BoBbi KopojeBH<ia siJiq nocjiyiDaxH abbuou. Han. «Bbicxb ntKiH 
KopoJb BMeneMi rBBAOHii Bi cjaBHOBii> rpaiit AnxonoBe, mjibai* 
lOHoma BejiBKi> h xpadpi, h 36Hpaexi> ce6t bo rpaAt xpa6pbix bb- 
XH3efi bo 3jaxbix nonctx'b, b oxo^b 6h\ii> bt> 'ibcxomt* nojit xt- 



1) 3a AOCTaBJieBie mh-I^ kooim ci> aroro TCKcra opuHOiiiy uofo HCKpenHioio 
6jiaroAapHOCTb A. C. ycooofi. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> ncrOPIH POMAIIA H IlOBfcCTH. 287 

IDHTUa CT> COKOJbl H HCXpefibl H CT> BblHCJOUblw ^). — CbBTOBCTBO 

pa3CKa3aH0 noApoOHfee. 

B^ o6tBX% peueH3inxi a h b MuAumpuca oqyTHJiacb co6cTBeH 
HbiMT> HHeHeHi>, HMfl Bjohaoh hchcsjio, BBitcTO E06Q — Eood; JlyA' 
nam — IJoAKauz; ^pyofCHeua — JfpyofCHeHa{3i\ ^py(HCH€eHa(h); ce. 
CeMuom — OyMum (ab). HBHjmcb HOBbiaHneHa: OTeai MHJBTpHCbi 
Kup6uHh (a), KupGurm BepaapAoeuub^ aapcxByioiuiH bx JfcMen- 
miauTb rpaAt (b; bt> jiyfioHHOH CKa3Kt DOJnaro cocxaBa: ^hmhx- 
xiaot;. B'b a niixi); BMtcxo ApMenHja SunaoeeH Audopoeu^a (a; 
3eH3eBefi AAapoBHS'b b; bt> jyCoHHOH CKasKt: SeHseBefi AuApoHO- 
BH«^^, 3eH3eBiH AHApoBHqT>). OAHOMy b CBoficxBeHHO omH6o«iHoe 
nepeHecenie xHxyjia 3oAOHCKaro (oxt> SaAOHin-Sadonia) cb Cy^xana 
Ha MapKofipyHa, xorAa KaK^ nepBWH Bouapen'b bi PaocAeucKOMh 
iiapcxBi. UapeABopeu^, pasbirpaBiniH pojib Apuenojia, HasBaHi. 
OpAonoMh^ ApjionoMT> (a; Kh b HtxT> HweHH); Majrapi a = itfajtu- 
puH{d.)^ MBn«iHxpifl,MHJiHHHxpifl (b), Meabwrpia (jryfioqaaa CKasKa 
nojHaro cocxaBa); njeMaHHHKH cyjxaHa, npecxfeAywmie BoBy — 
Axam H OnCam (a; bt> noroA. en.: ApaM, ABpaMi; bt> b irtxT> 
caMoro aimaoAa); Opbijii = YpuAh (a), OpejT> (b), b^ ayfioqHofi 
CKasKt YpHj'b; KocmeAh ocxajca BCWAy; CHMSajbAy Bobo, eme ne 
oxKpbiBUiiftca ewy, roBopHXT>, ^o OH-b hst* aJIpaauu ipadan (a); 
nposBfiu^y AerocTi (Angossoxo), Hoxopoe ohti AaexT> ce6t, bt> a hh- 
lero He oxBtHaen>, Bb b AeiycmZj B'b jiyCoHHOH KHHri nojHaro 
cocxaBa Amyceuy ho 3xhmi> nmeueM'b owb 30Bexca h paHbine^). 
Tepbi3T> = Tepc^a (a), Tepeusz (jyfioHH. cKa3Ka nojearo •cocxaBa), 
JlMumpeu(h); bi> a aBJiaexca KpoMt xoro 6paxi» CHMfiajbAa, Ateuh^ 
noroA. CO.: ArreH^. 

OCmee y a H b ci iio3HaHCKHMT> xckcxomti — onymenie ciieHbi 



*) Cm. XlfainHHi), OnepK-b, CTp. 248. HifeKOxopuMH HSBJieHeHiflMH h BaptaH- 
TflMu dToro TCRCTa H o6fl3aH'b 9. M. HcTOMHey, coo6iiiiiBmeiiy MH'b TaK>Ke 
pasHOHTeHifl pyKonMCHaro Eoeu, Hai^AeRHaro HM-b b'b QjiOHeuKoft ry6epHiH, ho 
Ki> co/KaJi'i^Hifo He nojHaro. 

^) Cj. TOCKaecKyK) (= <»paBKO-BeHeiuaHCKyio) Bepciro, oejaBHO OTKpuTyio 
PaffHO^: B'b Hell EoBa HasbiBaerb ce6H Agoatino ynce KyniiaMT>, npanHBiuHifb ero 
Ha cyAHO nocji-fe ^-fercTBa ott> Marepu. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



288 A. n. BECE^OBCKlft, 

npiB3HaHiH EoBM Bi 6aHt H 3nH30iia 6BTBbi iioAi> 3aA0uiefi; o6a 

ODyCKaK)Tl> 3IIH30A1> IlHnHHt; KanUblH H31> HRX1> BTi OTAtJbHOCTII 

npeACxaBjaerb orjimm orb iiosHancKaro xeKcra, coKpameHifl h 
pa3BHTi»; nocjitXRin, ecJH ohh CTHjecTHHCCKaro xapaKTepa, npe- 
HaAJieacarb, rjaBBbiMi o6pa30M'b, b; 3tott> TeKcrt MHorocjoBRte h 
BMtcrfe ci TfeMT> HapoAHte a; TaMT>, rjit obi OTJiH^aexcfl ott> a, 
iiocjtAHiH HeptAHO BOcnpoB3BOABTT> 6yKBy no3HaHCKaro xeKcxa. 
B^ reHeajoriH xeKCTOB'b pyccKaro Bobw b ctobtt> Ha cxojbKo 
Aajibme oxr^ opBFHHajia, na cKOJbKO 6jiH»ce ki> ^y6o<iBOH CKa3Ki. 

C^ 3X0H X04KH Bptflifl HtKOXOpblfl GFO paSHOrjiaClfl eta, CXBJHCXH- 

4ecKin R coAepmaxeibHbiB, jerKo CbiJio 6bi ofitflCHHXb pyccKoii 
nepeAtJKofi. CjitAyexT> jh h^hb a nepeeecxH xo »e onpeAtJieHie 
Bi xtxi cjyqaflx'b, KorAa oh^ pacxoAHxcfl ci no3HaHCKHM'b xeKc- 
xomtj, — Ha 3X0 oxBixHXb xpyAHte: phaomti Ch oxjiBqiaMH ecxb ao- 
cjiOBHbifl coBnaAOHifl. FIpBaeAy npHHtpbi. 

MHjHxpHca He jfoOBxi FBHAona, «He HMta ero He 3a eAHH 
neuHCn (ojoH. en.: He na eAHHofl neHe3b) = nosnaHCK. x.: ou^na ero 
He Mejia hb sa . ivahh ntbue^n (bi b HtxT>) — Y Bobm «Bjiacbi 
oiceAtnu aKH inejiKi, a jihuo pyMBHo gku 3Aamo>y (bi> hofoa. ch.: 
jHue pyMBHO, Bjiacbi mejxbi bkh 3jaxo; bi> ojioh. ch.: Biacbi y nero 
KaKT. npeKpacHoe 3Jiaxo, JHue y nero Kamb 6eJibiH cnerb, a jrroAbi 

pyMBHHbl KaKli HaKOBli II,BeXl>) =1 n03H. X. : ccBOJOCbl Mtjl) OfCOAmbl 

tnKo 3A07no» (bi> b Htxi)). TojibKO a yAepH^aji) h HasBauie ropoAa 
Mataum; rxh uapHxi, ^oaoh-b: MoAxaucKi (noroA. co,: MoraHi*, 
MoraneTfb; ojionea. en.: Maraaea'b), qxo o6^flCHflexT> uecoMHtHHO 
H cjitAywiuBXTj Aajte <iMoiaAhueeh^>: MHJHxpBca nopyiaex^ eKasaxb 
^OAOHy, Hxofi-b OHT. anoryfiHJi'b Myaca Moero c MOiaAVM AoOparo 
KopoJB rBHAOHaw; Aajite ona ysnaexi), hxo A^AOht* «Ao6paro ko- 
pojfl FBHAOHa c MoioAuu HoryOHjw (nor. cii.: co ujxpoKH). IlepBO- 
HanajibHO cxofljio^ Btpoaxno: ^oaoh^ ChMaiann^ HAajite, noneAO- 
pa3yMtHiK), eT> MomAhuu (bt> b ntxT*). — Mtcxo y6iftcxBa no- 
MioJiaexcH «BTi jyry b CKHapHHt» (Aajite: Ckhapbh; nor. en.: 
CKflpHHT>, Bjyra bo CKJinpHHCKia; ojoh. en.: jyry b ubiKJiflpeBe)= 
no3H. X. jyr^ ccivx CKAopaeen/kn^ ojiyr-bw = bosco, KaKi* B-b no3naH- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 289 

CKOMi»TeKCTt; b: as KopojeBCKOMi Jiyry». JloAOWh BbitsHaerB aa 
oxoxy Bepxoin> Ha ocji (ab, no3H. x. Koat; xaKT> h bt> ojoh. en.), 
ci HHMT> «ie KmoKoei^ (a) = no3H. x. «Aecex lonaKoez (nor. en.: 
oxpoKOBi; OJIOH. en.: lOHomeft; bt, b ntxi,). — CHM6ajii»Ao, bshbi 
eii C060K) «.H. toHOKOBi)!) (no3H. X. «niecxAecAXT>.... lonaKOB; ojioh. 
en.: 60 nejOBth^ h)huii»; b: crrpHjwaxb lOHomeft))) Gl^mBTh ct> Bo- 
Bofi Bt rpaAi> CyMHHT>; nepeiiexqHK'b AOKjiaAbiBaexi* o xomi ^o- 
Aony: «tt KopoJio AoAone, meepdo cnumzv> h x. a == no3B. x. 
a^OAoae 3 Maranaa, BejiMH meepdo cnutu (ojioh. en.: xo me; 
Bi b HtxT>). — Hh B'b a, HB b H-fefb cueHbi Ha nyxH, KorAa opeAa- 
xejib xoponBXT> JiflAons, Hy6HXT> Tepbi30M7>: Bobo naAaexi eiKOHn, 
noAXBaHeHT> Aoaohomi; b, BCJiACxaie nponycKa, HeyAaqno bochoj- 
HCHHaro nosme, onyeKaexi>: npecjtAOBaHie ^OAOHa CHM6ajbA0iii, 
Ha6tn> nocjtAHHro na AnxoH'b-rpaA'b, xoxiaei) nepexoAa irboeaA* 
AoAOHOMi> CyMHHa; a 6jH»(e AepacHxcH no3HaHCKaro xencxa: KorAa 
CHH6ajibA0 xpeBOHHxi> Ha6iraMH «rpaA Ohxohip), MajraxpHcaroBO- 
pHTb My»y: «ro Kopojio iloAOHe, mo xo naai cui sAodeu ne dadym 
ynoKOH?n = no3H. x. noKyjb mom SAodeu exapbiH 6yAe acbiB, ne 
MoaeM tux Hero enonoA MtxH.— Corn* /l,0A0Ha: «Ka6bi Bona xoabx 
no noGoHoiy Bee Boopymeu, a HoeHx b pyi^e eaoen oihx h Kouie 
H Me«rb KjraAenea (?) h npoCoAaex eny cepdw h ympo6yn (xaKi) h 
B'b OJIOH. en.) = no3HaHeKiH xeKexi «raKO 6hi Bono y 36poH npo- 
KOJOJ €My ceptia e ympo6y (b: yxpo6y h eepAue). — Bparb /l,OAOHa 
Bi a: AMfipyrycxHMi, b OSpoeHM'b = no3HaHeKiH xenerb itao- 
Ajfipbiro; AoAOHT> BeJHXT> eiiy txaxb kt* MHJHxpHet ei xpeCo- 
BamesTb — Bbuaxb BoBy. Oht> npitsacaexi), (tnoadpaecmeoeaiue 
seAunoAfbnHoe 3dpaeuey> =: no3H. x. noadpoeuAz ee JfodoHoeuM no- 
adpoeenueM (b no3ApaBHXH); ona roBopHxi, hxo «3a Aw6oeb roey- 
Aapa eaoero Ao6paro Kopoja AoAOHa» h eaMa roxoaa yNopiixb ebiua 
(no3H. X.: mAAacKu tuxaaBoBOBa; bt» b ntrb) — HenoepeACXBeHHo 
aa dTvwh b BoenojHflexi> yKa3aHHbifi Bbime nponyeKi ^). B^ pa3- 



*) Cm. vh BaAaHiM 06m. jio6. ;ipeBH. pyccK. uHCUf., cxp. 49, cxpoKa 6-11 csepxy 
(H Kopojb JtoAoe-B)— 19 (3aTBopHCii HaKptoKo). To >Ke bt. jy6oHHoft CKasxt noj- 
Baro eocraBa. 

Ctefon U Otx. H. A. H. 1^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



290 

CKaat noDbiTKt MarepH oTpasHTb Bosy a h b onpeAtJifliorb ccrpy- 
TH3Hy» no3HaHCKaro xeKcxa, KaKT> SMtHKbiS nxb (b swinuoe cajro). 
3aBBAtBi> Boey c(Kopa6jeHHi^bi» (b KopafiejibmiKH) nocbuaiorb 
ffiejiOBtKa B DJiaBOJioKe ko 6pery» (b: c<rapbin]KOBi> b noA^^i^CTKe)); 
nor. en.: nayaoK^) ysnaxb, kto xaMT* KpHqHXT>: «KpecxbaHCKHe 
Bi^putt HJin ((xaxapieHOKT))) (b: axpecxHHHCKOBa jh xw poAy ijiH xa- 
xapcKOBa)>; nose, x.: «xpecxAHHH aCo jih noraHHH'b»). Bobo oxb*- 
naexTj, hxo oh^ noHOMapeBT> Cb\wb (ab; no3H. x.: CbiHT> «MjibiHapa»; 
nor. en.: AUfaxapeBi}), a Maxb ero Mbua njiaxbe ana Ao6pbix jnoAeR^ 
(b «Ha AoCpbix'b atentw; no3H. r. «6oraxbiAn> aconaM KoniyjH»). — 
«BoBa-Hcy hhx (yKopa6ejbmHKOBT>).... aKuueem neememy jraaeero 
B03eR8ex flKO eojHe^iHaH jiyHa» (b <(ue BHAaJin xaKOBa oxpona, bojimh 
jmnoo6pa3em; no3H. x. nAttnmoe dum/k ne mopjio 6bixH na BtKH»; 
cji. BeHeuiancKiH x. v. 393: plu helo de roxa de prd), — Hja bt> a, 
HH Bi b Htxi> omndKH no3HaHCKaro xeKexa: dpyioe Mope BBitexo 
alto mare; «(6t»cajiH no MopK»> (b), anjiaBaj e hbmh na Mope» (a). — 
Cnopi>Kopa6ejibn]^flKOBi>B3i>-3aBoBbi(b): ohh cmponeHc^ eo6oK)xo- 
XHXT> CMentuHue natuu numu» (MomexT> 6bixb: en Me<iH mH^HXH hjh 
6hxb?) = (a) «MeqH en ctHbw (no3H. x. AofibUH MeHOBi., xoxein ca 
pyfiaxH; eji. ojoh. en.: npoMe}Kb ce6a cemHCfl, ho bt> noroA. en.: 
CMepmuywHamy hhxb). — B^cuenife, KorAa 3eH3eBeft (=ApMeHHJ'b 
no3H. xeKexa) npHX0AHXT> ki Kopafijno h bbabxtj BoBy, aeb Aoena- 
cbiBaK)XT> noApofinoexH, Btpoaxno, coKpaiaenBhin B^ nosHaHeKOMi 
xeKcx*, o6pa3yfl eT> hbmi oAny Bepeiio, bti oxjHqie oxt> Beneaian- 
CKOH. Binocj^AHefiroBopHxen: Kopojib ryjnexT> no6epeiy, nyniibi 
roBopaxT* Apyn> Apyry: boht> Kopojb! a ohT) ofipamaexea kt* cbo- 
HMT> 6apoHaMT>: enoxpHxe, 3xoxt> Kopa6jb xojibKO-^xo npH6bMi>. 
On^ jiK)6yexea Kpaeoxofi Bobbi: Boxt> fibijio 6bi xopomo, ecjreSi 

0H7> 6bIJl> MOHMl KOHfOniBMl HJH H31> M0HX1> JIIOAeH! Oh1> npOXO- 

AHXT> MHMO, B'bropoA'b; KopafieJbmHKH npHxarHBaioxTi cyAHO KiCe- 
pery, h Kopojb enoBa kt> Heiny BOBBpamaexcn. — Bi nosnancKoirb 
xeKCxt ApweHHjrb, yBHAtBi> cyAHO, noebiJiaexT> cjyrb AOB^Aaxbca o 
HeMT>; c<H WKT* cjyrH k hbm npbinure, noiaJH hxtj Kynnbi- nbixaxH, 
ecx-b JH xyx Kopojb apMeneHCKiH. H Kopojb eaMi ao hhx npbi- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 291 

moj». He Aocxaerb oxnostAH cjyrb Kopojno; a AOCKasbiBaert: 
«H nocjama npoeiABieaTb .k. iohokob; (ohokh-hc npHixajiH ko 
6pery h xoth BOcnpamaTH, KOToporo aapcTBa KopaSjib npemeji b 
c KaKHM TOBapoM, H yBHAC Ha Kopa6jie orpoKa BejHH jrfenoo(5padHa, 
H spfl Ha HeHSMtpnyio KpacoTy jreiia ero, h CMynrcH bo yMt CBoeM 
H 3a6bi BocnpomaTH. VI can roBopHT TaKOBo cjobo: W focth ko- 
pa6JleHH^bI» H T. A. Ci., AM AonojiHeHw, Bepciio b: «Ohh m-h (to- 
ecTb wHomH) eMy HHHero ne CKasaraa, xojbKO CKaaajiH, hto bhaojih 
Ha Kopafijnr jOHOBa. H Kopojib SeHseBen CKopo noBCJit ocjia hoa- 
BecTH B uo'fexaJI^ x Kopo6jiK)». SeHseBefi noKynaerb BoBy aa «. j. 
jHxp'b 3jaTa» (to ace B^ ojoe. en.; B-b b h noroA. en.: .t. jHxp'bw; 
nosH. T.: ABaAUaTb JHxp'b); ^pyacHeBHa hacx^ «c nAmeM k oxny - 
eBoeMy»: bx noAiHHHBKt a cxohjio, BtpoflXHO, cs noAat^ hjih ez no- 
Aam^ ei. oo3h. x.: «Ha ropy y neua«^»; b: wbi KopoJOBeKHe no- 
Aambt». Bt> ab ona eama yKa3biBaen> oxi^y na BoBy, KaKi> na «e- 
jaeMaro eio ejyacHxejfl; eaena 3a exeJiOMi (HeAoexaion^aH b^ Bene- 
uianeKOMx xeKCxt), KaK^'B^ no3BaHeKOHi), xojibKo KpacKH naio- 
«eHbi ryme, b CJrfeAyexT> nenoepeAexBenHO (cb onymenieM-b CecfeABi 
BoBbi H /I,pyacHeBHbl B^JomHBut) oxT>t3A'b Bobw B^nojie noxpaBy 
H AaJite, B'b oepaxHOfWb nopHAKt npoxHB^ nosnaHCKaro xeKexa, 
eqena ct> BiHKOM^ bi KOHwrnH* — h npifeAx* MapKo6pyHa. B'b nep- 
Bofl Bcxptnaexcfl oahb noApofinoexb, Ha Koxopyio KaK-b 6yAxo yKa- 
3biBaexi> H nosHaneKifi xeKexi> B'b pascKast o npH3HaHiH iI,pya;HeHbi 
H Bona B'b KOHiomHi MapKoCpyHa: ona npoeHXT> Bona noKa3axb eff 
xoTb 3HaKi>, wfflxo eeMH jieHbua xe6e yB-urrua eBoero, kojh eeH 
6hu e wAHoe eKajn>i enajD (cj. Bbime exp. 269). BeneuiaHeKaro 
xeKexa ntTb hh ajlh dxoro annsoAa, hh a-ih 3nH30Aa Ch BtHKOMi>; 
AJfl Bxoparo eji. a: BoBa 6poeaexi> BtnoKi Ha seMjio h 6imjATb^ 
«H mnCt ABepMH nojaxbi xoh, nojiaxa-ac oxxona noxpfleeca^ b yoaie 
KaMeH nojiaxbi xob b npooiBfi'iiBoBerjiaBy; BoBa-ac naAe aKBHepxB'b 
na 3eMJio, npeKpaeHaa-ac /I,py«HeHa nana pany Boae cbmsl je<iHx» 
(cxoaho, ho B'b ApyroM'b HSJoaceaiH, bt> b). Ilosace, B'b euent npH- 
SHaHifl, BoBa eHHMaexi> «Kjio6yKi> (no3H. x. xoaee) b noKasbiBaerb et 
afl3By, KOK) Hs (J^pyaHeHa) y xefia eama jeTOja» (xo ate h bt* b). 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



292 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

MapKoepyHi (a: «bc noMopbfl», b: c(H3 saAoacKaro iiapcTBax>) 
HBjaeTCfl CBaTaTb 3a ce6a ^pyacHeHy, CT>yrpo30H), Koxopoft 3eH3e- 
BCK) npHxoAHTCH ycTyoHTb; a: «aiue ne Aam Tn^epn CBoeH, uapcTBO 
TBoe Bce nonjieHK)»; b: arojOBBeio noKaHy)>; Jtamb nocjrfe xoro, KSLKh 
ero npewoacenie npHHAxo, cjiiAyerb ero norfexa bi noje (no3H. 
xeKcrB: xypHafi). B^ a BoBa npocHxcfl y SeaseBea nocMOxptxb, 
KdKi aKopoji MapKo6pyH 3 ABopnubi CBOBMH Ha noje xeniHxiia», 
nocjrfe qero cjtAyexxi pa3CKa3'b o noiBHrax'b Bobw 6e3T> BCflKHX'b 
noApofiHOCxefi o ero Heo6biqHOMT» Boopy»5eHiH; btj b /I,pyHCHeBHa 
6yAHXT> ero (MOMeHXT>, Mo«exT> 6bixb, nepeHeccHHwa cwAa h3t. cjit- 
Ayion^aro 3nH30Aa: OHaiuecxBiH cyixaea) pa3CKa30Bi'b OHacMbHOMi* 
CBaxoBCXBt MapKo6pyHa; ohi> npocHxi) y Hen kohb h ne^a Kja- 
ACBi^a — oaa 0XKa3biBaexT>, h6o aeme xw AtxHme Majo, xojibKO 
oxT» poAy ceMT> jtxT>)); xorAa oht> HAexT> BoopyHHBmHCb mcxjioh 
(= KepAb no3H. xeKcxa). TojbKO bt> a ocxajacb ApeBHaa nepxa, 
Hxo BoBa CKHHya^ c^ koha caMoro MapKo6pyHa; bi> a h b 6oft 
opeKpameHi no npocb6t Apy»eHeBHbi ^). 

BoBa jioHHxcfl cnaxb, a Me»cAy rbyi'h c<opiHAe hs 3aA0H?fl rpaia 
uapb GajxaH CajixaHOBBH, Aa c hhh Cbiwb ero JlyRanep.... BbimHHy 
HHtfl .r-xi). caHceH, npoMe»c o<iBMa nflA«> (no3H. x.: Me»cbi tuq^io 
BejHKa daab); bt> b oh h3i PaxjencKaro uapcxBa; y JlyKonepa 
rojiOBa ccaKH ohbhoh koxojii, a npouenci o<imh Ao6pa My»;a naAb, a 
npoMCHc^ ymMH KOJiOHa cxptja jflatex^, a npo3ie»i njieHMH Mtp- 
Hafl caweHbD. Btj no3HaHCKOMT> xeKcxt axa Btcxb 3acxaexx> Bosy 
bo BpeMB CectAbi ct> ApyacHeBHOH B^ KOHwmHt; bt> ab, BCjtACXBie 
yKasaHHOH Bbime nepecxanoBKH 3nH30A0B^, Bosa npHxoAHxi kt. 
ApyHCHeBHt H ysHaexT, o BpaJKecKOMi, HamecxBiH. Bofi JlyKonepa 



') TaKT. H B-b oxpuBKax-b yAHHCKaro tokcte, vv. 264 cjitA.> SOI cjit^. a b-b 
TOCKaHCRofi (= <»paBKO-HTaxi>flHCKOfl) Bepciu, HeAaBHO OTKpuTofi PailBofi : MapRO- 
6pyH'i> c6urb EoBoff, paarH'i^BaH'b, sejarb Afiywh cbohmii puuapflM-b : Fate che' 
qui davante amm^ voi I'abbiate a ferire e spezzarew. Apysiaea bhabtb cb 6aji- 
ROHa, 1T0 npoTHB-B BoBfai HTO-To saxtBacTCfl , M BCiuTHb 3aTpy6BTb B-b porb*. 
«e in quella terra h in usanza, che quando si suona il corno di Drusiana, chiunque 
ene a carallo, si disciende di sella, e chi ^ armatOi sissi disarma. Cos\ fa 
Marcobrono e sua brigatan. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



83% HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOMCTH. 293 

Ch 3eH3eBeeMi> r MapKo6pyHOMi> ODHcaHi KpaiKo; OTMtTHM'b Bib, 
TTO J[yKonepi> OTCbuaerb njiHHbixi* ki> ceoeiiy oTiiy Ha «MopcKoe 
npHCTaHHii](ex>, noHHToe, OHesHAHO, BiSHaKOsioM'B Hairb ynoTpeCjiemH 
no3HaHCicaroTeKCTa(riya). YcjbimaB'b pascKasi JXpy^HeBHbi, BoBa 
xoierb TOTHacb ace -l^xaTb na Bbipymy, aapesHa ero ocTaHaBjra- 
Baerb, ho toako bi> b coxpanHJiacb oxnoBfeAb BoBbi, Aaace 6ojr&e 
6jiH3Kafl KT> BeneaiancKOMy xeKcry (v. 614 CJrfeA), HiMT> cooTBtr- 
CTByiODJiafl Bi) D03HaHCK0Hi>: aKOTopbiH TocyAapb KynHTb xojona 
AoGparo, a xojioni> xo^erb BbicjyacHn^a, Aa ne ua ieiii». Apyac* 
HeBHa Aaerb eny b% a aiie<ii> KJiaAeneirbD (nosH. t. KFJAAenubiio), 
KOJbiyry ((Ao6poro Kopojifl MoiraHCKaroD (noan.T. rajibiia,TO-ecTb, 
Galago; CHimeme ci>MojraHCKi>n=MaraHiia, cj. Bbime CTp. 288); 
KOHb 3a6birb, b ooHCbiBaerb ero bi> cKa30<iH0Mi> cmxi^: aecTb y 
rocyAapa Moero fiarioaiKH Ao6pbiH KOHb 6oraTbipcKHH, ctohti> na 
.Bi. aenflX'b, no KoieHH b seHJiio BRonani i sa .bi. ABepMB^. 

Bi) caent, KorAa Bosa na npon^anbH OTKpbiBaercH ^y»cHeBHi, 
pbioapcKifi ajeMeHTb H3ie3i>: bi> no3H. reKcxt uapeBHa Hejaerb 
HanepeA'b ysnaTb «poAHHy» Bobw h TorAa y»e cxaBHTb ero pbma- 
peHi}, OHOHCbiBan Me^eMi). Bi> b orb Bcero aroro ocTaJCfl JHmb 
nocj^AHifi aKTi, ho eiuy HHKaKoro ocoCaro CHbicjia He Aaerca. He 
noHHTHO HHt BbipaHeme b: BoBa pa3CKa3aji> ApyHcneBHt o CBoesn* 
poAt-DjeMOHH, ai BoBa Aocxaji ^pyacneBHe necKy, k cepAoy npn- 
cbinajrb» (?) To He h Aaite: KOPAa pb]6ojoBi> pa3CKa3aji> BoBt o 
npeACTOflmfte CBaAb6t MapKofipyna h JXpyacneBHw, oh% wBob* necKy 
Ki cepAny npHCbinajTiM. 

AryjHHy no3H. r^Kcra OTBtnaerb bi> a r b CesbiMenHbiS abo* 
peuKiR (bi noroA. en. AHrySHH'b, b^ ojoh. AH6'yrHH'b). B'b onH- 
caHiR 6oH cb JlyKonepoMi) oCn^in MtcTa sacjiOHHJiH ApeBHii TeKcrb: 
cxapoMy capaiiHHy, cb xpeMH KonbRMR bt. xpeCrfe (no3H. t.), koto- 
pbifi npHHocHTb cyjTaHy Btcxb o nopameniR, oxBtHaexi bi a Ka- 
Kofi-xo «6oraxbip Kyxas..., a na newij fibicxb rpaHbi MeneBbix Aa 
e paH'b KontRHbiXD (b% b, BMtcxo Hero, «He BejKie jik)ab); cyicxaHi. 
6taHXT>, BoBo HBjflexcfl B'b b «Ha MopcKoe npHCxaHRme» (no3H. x. 
«Ha npbicxaHBmoi); a: aK niaxpy»). — IIoxBajibCt Bobm na o6pax- 



Digitized by VaOO^lC 



294 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

HOMi> nyTH (no3H.T.: aKopoJifo, Tbi MCHe KynHji) sa ABawaTb jHTpi 
.3J0Ta» H T. A.) AaHi> ApyroH ofioporb: a aetKiii rocnoAm Kynu 
co6t xojona B AaJi sa nero .j. JHrpi aiaTa, a Hbine eify xojoirb 
TaKOBy cjy«6y ccjy»cHji, HBfiaBU ero ot CMeprH; h Hbine 6bi 6bo 
rocyAapb noHcajOBaj, ocBo6oAiiii> na BOjno» (cxoaho bi> b). 

CiOBa, KOTopbiMH Apy»(BeBHa BCTpiqaerb BOSBpani^rocH OTu;ai^ 
yAep«aHbi jiBmb bi a; hh a, bh b ee sflaiorb citAyiomaro sanBje- 
Hia Aryjfflfla (=ABopeuKaro) h npflMO nepexoAarb KTbero noobiTKt 
y6HTb coHHaro BoBy npn noMonm aioHOKOB'bx) (a; no3H. t. lOBaROBi; 
b lOBomeH), npn qeifi> b 6jHse ki> no3H. TeRcry: cceoiH ecMO ero 
Tenepi) ne 3ry6HJHf a tunocje idh nac bcbx no6beTb| sanioac Eobo 

BeJmB AOCpblH BBTe3 Ba KOHBD (n03fl. T.) = b aTO[jl]KO M bl He MO- 

meu-b BoBbi coHHaro yCaxb, a BoBa npofiyAirriia, wo aaMi CyAerb? 
Boaa xpa6pbiH BHTe3)); a: aae noxaajia Han 6yAeT raKoaa ciaBaaro 
H cHJiHaro CoraTbipa coHHoaa y6HT» — CxapHKy, Hrpaion^eiiy bi 
no3H. T. poJb Kopoja, 0TBt«iaerb bi a anoCTejiHBin>, HMaaeii Ap- 
jion», wh b ABopeufdH 6631 HHeHB. — Hocbuaa Boaa ki> cyxraHy, 

MHHMblH KOpOJIb FOBOpHTb eUJ Bl n03H. T., HTOSbl 0H1> C6pOH HC 

fipaji) cb C060K), a notxajii-(5bi ua uHoxoduufcrb (palafren); TaKi a 
61 b: ccHe oceAJiajii AoGparo Koat^i GoraTbipcKaro, oceAiajii Boaa 
inaxodm^i] wb a: «oceAiaji ce6t Aofiparo Koaa HaAe»^aro». ^kiaa 
Taaoe a3MtBeHie a npeACTaajaa ce6t noAi> HaAeHHbiMi> Koaeni'b 
aSBibTHaro Koaa, noAapeaaaro Boat jlJ^pyacaeBaofi (bt. Rondello), 
peAaKTopi a yBjeneai 6hii7> a ki> AaJbatBmBMi> B3HtaeBiflM'b: 
BCK)Ay BHoxoAHBKa y BoBM yaoABTb najarpaiii>, aero kobb, ocxas- 
marocBAOMa, ApyataeaaeeperbCbcoCoK), OTopaajaacb Ki>MapKO- 
6pyBy. Bl) nepecKa3t a aro oaasajocb aeB03iio»cHbiM3>, a6o Koaa 
(=^aaoxoAaa) yBeji> najarpaM'b, a aaAO 6bijio adoGptcra aoBbifi 
MOTaai, qroCbi oai* Mon oiyraTbCH nosAate y /I,py«HeBHbi: KOHb 
copaajica y najrarpaMa a npaStacajrb wb c<noMopbe», TO-ecTb Kb 
MapKoSpyay. ^jiaToro, htoSm nocjrfeAflee yaasaaie fibuo noBaxao, 
TaKi KaKi caaAbfia MapKoGpyaa en^e anepeAa^ a ai atcKOJibKax'b 
cjioaaxii padCRadbiBaerb ero caaToacTat TOTHacb nocxfe 0Ti>t3Aa 

BoBbl. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H IIOB-bCTH. 295 

IlHJiHrpHMa (a, Aajite: KajaiBp = Kajiyrepi), lepuopBdua (b) 
BoBa Bcrpt'iaerL noAT> AyCoMi* (no3H. t. Ay6 = Oliver); ohi ch- 
AHTb H BKyiDaeri> «yKpyry)) (a; nosH. t. 6oxoh xjitCa), hto b no- 
Hfljii> KaKi> HanHTOKi>: anbio yKpyxa», a^amy yKpyrB». — 06o6paH- 
Hbift BoBa npHHymAeHi hath atrnKOMi (aosh. t. Aacrb euy noAi>- 
tsAKa = mul), a 3acTaBjifleTT> ero nojio«HTb bi> KJ[o6yKi> KaAieHb, 
qToCbi 6biJio Hiifb ofiopoHHTbca orb BparoBi>. CyjiTaHa ohi Haxo- 
AHTT> y oetAHH (a; b: uapcKHe najaxbi; no3H. t.: aa KraaKy); cjona, 
ci> KOTopbiMH cyjTaui o6pamaeTCfl K'b BoBt: aMaAO mn nepeA co- 
6oK) MOty BHAtTH», OTBbiBaioTCH nepeA'kiRofi <i»pa3bi nosHaHCKaro 
TeKcra, bi> cbok) o^epeAb nepeseAeHHOH ci> HTajbflHCKaro: aw mA 
MOAO MOty jk)6hth» = 942 poco te posso amar. — BoBa yCHBaerb 
(BMtcTO oAHoro capaiiHHa no3u..TeKCTi) 30 (a) hjh 60 mojioauobi 
(b); b upHCoeAHHHerb in> aTOHy h Hej'Aa^Hyio ero nonbiTKy Bbip- 
BaTbCfl H y6tsaTb. 3a BoBy npocHTb iipeKpacHaH MajrHpin (a; 
tior. en. Majropia; ojoh. cii. Maprapea; b Mhu<ihtphh; no3H. t. 
MajrapbiA), oCtuifinouifi.n OTiiy o6paTHTb BoBy Kb stpt «BaxMeTa» 
(no3H. T. MaxoMeTa; b AxMeTa), ho ysHHKa ne npHBOASTb 6oJite 
uepeAi> cyjixaHa, a yroaapHBaerb ero MajrHpia h, nocjt ero ot- 
Kasa, caacaerb ero bi TeuaBi^. Bi> b oaa onBcaaa wh 6bijiBHaoH^ 

CTHJlt, H pa3CKa3l 6trCTBt CBJIbHO B3MtaeBl opoTHB-b a H n03H. 

TOKCTa: MflBSBTpia aajaeTca bi TeMHBoy ki Boat, yroBapaaaeTb 
ero caoaa h Bartaii BAeTi> onoatcTHTb oTi^a o CBoeMi aeycntxt. 
ToTi> nocbuaerb 3a Boboh 30 loaomefi, KOTopbixi Boaa ydHaaerb, 
no nipt Toro, KaKT> ohh cnycKawxca oahhi 3a ApyrHM'b, aafiAea- 
HbiMi BUI) Bi>TH)pbMt Me<]eMi>-RjaAeHueM'b; oai KJiaAerb hxi> jtcT- 
HBi^ei; KOFAa cyiTaai), pasAocaAOBaaHbiH aa MeAioaaocTb nocjaa- 
Hbixi, mjerb aoBbixi>, TaKwe nocTynaerb h ci> hbmb h GtmBVb. 
aUapb CajTaai) CajiTaaoBHs^ ooatjii b porb xpyCBTH h cofipa 
BOHcaa ^ Aa noraaca 3a Bobok)». CitAyerb dnH30Ai> o Kopa6jit. 
BjBHce Ki no3H. xeKcxy pa3CKa3i> a: Boaa aaxoAHXT> mohi: «h 
npiBAe Boaa a yroji, ajKao b yrjiy npoceemuecn moao (aosa. x.: 
BHAeJi.... 3Meio, H npoceemuM xaA). H opiflAe a xo Htcxo, aaiao 
jie»eHx Men KJiaAeaeu, BoroM co3AaH 6bicxb, Ka6u om Muotux Atbm 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



296 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

noAOotcen mym» (no3H. t. KOTopbiH xyrb cut daeuux dneu croraji). 
y&kTRfljdnin MajD'HpiH Be AMcTsywrbj OHa roBopHTi o tom'b omy 
(corjiacHo ci» b npoTHB'B no3H. TCKCTa), h toti> nocbuaerB aa Bo- 
Bofi <xT. iohokob; BoBa-Hc rlx Bctx doChj, h noAHOCTflc MeprBbiMB 
jiK>AMH (cji. Bi> b: JitcTHHqy, npoiUBi no3H. reKCTa: KOJOBoporb = 
tola) H BbiAe BOH HC TOHHHiibi H apiBAB Ha uapoB ABopo, STO Hano- 
MHHaeTB Bi no3H. T. «noAeM^ 6rbt6v> == v. 1098 per lo palaQO sen 
va; BT* opHrHHajit o6ohxi> xeKcxoBi mofjo 6biTb o6mee plaga. — 
BoBa MHorHxi> yfiHBaerb h Ctararb ana lyvn MopcKHe». 3a hhmi> 
roHBTCfl ABa c(6paTa poAHbie, CoraTbipn Axan Aa OuGiEn (nor. en. 
ApaM, Anpaiii), ofitmaioniie cyjTaHy: c<Mbi To6t BoBy npsBeAeM 
Ha mesA'k .b . Haci>». 3to — «6paTeHBKH» TpaHKaiibiHi> h ACpairb 
noBHaneKaro TeKcra, ho noApoCnooTe pa3CKa3a bi a HHbiH. 

Bona npHHflrb HaKopaftib; KorAa cfocth Kopa6jeHHiibi» xothtb 
BbiABTb ero cyjTBHy, oht> yfiHBaerb HtcKOJibKBX'b (b.; no3H. x.: 
OAHoro), Apyrie tAyTi> ci hhitb, anoACi^^KajiH noA BaAoncKoe uap- 
CTB0», ho hxi> OTHecjio nenoroAOK); noApo6HOCTb HeHyHcnan, ocraB- 
maneH H3i> ApeBHflro (= no3HaHCKaro) TOKCTa, rAt Bona Bejerb 
txaTb Bi> ApMeniio, ho nejiRKafl (c^opTyBRHa» OTHOcHTb hxi> ki* 
MoMfipaAy, FA* WHBerb MapKo6pyHi>, x. e., no reorpa4>iH b, Kb 
saAOHCKOMy aapcxBy. — Bi a Bosa y6HBaexi> Bctxi> Kopa6ejibnvi- 
KOBiHocxaexcflHaKopaGjit oahhi>. — Oxi> pbi6ojOBa oh^ y3Haexi>| 
qro 0Hi> B^ i^apcTBi MapKoCpyna h tto CKopo 6bixb caaAbCt no- 
cjrfeAHaro ci ^pyacneBHOH (kbri btj hobh. xeKCxt). Bib Bona npo- 
CHXi> pbi6oJOBa npoAaxb eMy pbi6bi, 3a Koxopyio meApo njaxBxi, 
a ce6B BejiHxi> nepesesxH na 6eperi>; s^b a, ocxaBHameM'b Boay 
OABoro na Kopafiit, ntxi Kynjni pbi6bi; Bona eaAHxen bi JiOARy, a 
Bi> 3X0 BpeMfl noAHHMaexcfl Sypn, nornGaexi h Kopa6jib h jOAKa h 
pbiGaKi) B MeHi>-KiaAeHem>. 

Bcxptna cb nBjnirpHMOM'b noAi* AyGoMi); bi hobh. xeKCxt OKb 
Aaexi> Bob* abb Bejbfl: oxt> oahofo offb 6yAexT> qepeui> KaKi* yrojib, 
Apyroe — yebinjAiomee; bt* a xoae ABa: orb oahofo (cgyAemi am 
yroji Hepni), a ApyrHMi yMoemi>efl 3ejHeMi>, h xbi bkh i^Bexi» npo- 
D^Bexem a Jiaiie XBoe npocBnex bkh coiBe^maB j[yHa»; b: axpoe 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MSTb iCTOPni PMiu I fice&cxE. 297 

aeibe: ycbmaioiitee m» aeibe 6tjoe, m rpeiyt «fiBDe». Bi> ^ aa- 
ChTTb o6uttrh luaTbfl ci> muvrpmovL, tuok i bx b, ao axfcet* 
Mami ooAHOBjeHi: HenocpejiCTBeflHo aa Bcrptvi ci>M UTp w io in> 
BoBa Bijurrb crapiKa, rpefiyniaro menu, « Hacuuo vteaercs ei 
Hmi» njETbeiTb. 

Gjit^yeTB Bcrptqa ci> TpeiiH fOHomaiiH, «i«e fiAine npa ee^MMo^ 
<;fN|Wifb» = no3H. T. Tpoe rpasAaaib, CTOflmHn> me wdmm yiM» 
(bi b HtTL); cb nosapoiTb (ab; nose. t. Ryxapi>) h iwpeajsMWb 
(ab; no3H. t. abopahhhi>), Roropui Bejnrn> 6oBt noim «iioa so- 
Mopp, rA'fe eHAHTB ^ysHesHa (nosH.T.: «BROMopy»; b: «Ra aajiBet 
ABopi>»). Koflb ysaaxb rojoci* Eobu, Haqajii «BejMH psan, h koi 
Tyr 3Be3jio<ieTiibi caHH roBopflr npoHes ceCfl: to x% pser koh 
CoBbiKopojieBiria, to Ae cjiumiT koh rocyAapfl CBoero EoBy Kopo- 
jieBBHa»; Kor^a nosme BoBa bxoahti> ri> Heiiy, ohi>, 6yAy<iH anpn- 

BH3aH Ha O-MH HCHSX^ H TO BCe 06opBajo. Cj. b: KOHb ffHoqexb Ha 

KOHfoome pacaTb, i or KoncKaro pacaHiH %pad mpHcaxyaiy>; aafiHJiCfl 
3i> Si. iieneHo; nosH. Tencrb: KOHb ccnoiaji p^saTH raK moi^ho, Maio 
CA eecb tpad nepocmpacb] caaHuyxH noKpbimHjo ; bi> BeHeuiancKOArb 
TCKcrt Hirb coTpflcemH ropoAa, KOHb e^na He nopBaii) c€mu utb- 
neu. — Bi a, Kairb h B'b no3H. TeKcrfe, MapnoCpyffb, ycjbimaBi, 
HTO oHjrarpHBTb npHHeci) Apy^Q^BHt BicTb CMepTH efl MaTepH, 
BeiHTb ero naKopMHTb (hobh. t.: AaH eMy octh; a: BejH, rocooa^e, 
eMy AaT noectb; bi b ntrb), TOJbKO B'b no3H. TeKcrfe JXpynnena 
ojiaqerb, pa3CKa3aBi> oHjrarpHMy o cbohx^ OTHomeniHX'b Kb Bony, 
Bi anb ysHaBi) orb oHjrarpHMa, sto oH'b ChWb TOBapemeMi BoBbi 
00 3aKjiioqeHiK>. Bi cjr6AyK)nieH saTtMi) caent na KOHioaiHt b co- 
Kpan^terb, a 6jra30Ki> icb no3H. TeKCxy, HanpHM'&pi>: KOHb acKOKHyji 
BoBe Ha ropjio, a nepeoicHue Honuma noAOotcuA eMy na tiAeua. H 
nana hoh Eoey WA06amu\ a moKoGi koh tiMCA y ceSn S3uk^ u oh 
man pen: Omnydu ecu nputuoA u tdtb ecu 6ua»?'= no3H. t. aneped" 
Hue Hotu noAOo/cuA Eoey uanACvu unomAoeoA ycmu Eoea; a koau 
6bi mom KOHb yucAz loeopumu^ peKh 6u eMy: ^o6pe ecu nptivwA, 
naneln — Bt. cnent npH3HaHia ab sacTaajaiorb ^pyatneBHy ycyw- 
HRTbCfl, He yHecT)-jH nHJErpHM-b y Bobm ero Mem>; ona npHBHaerb 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



298 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

ero no paut ua rojoet (cj. Bbiuie, CTp. 269 h 291); JHmHee npo- 

THBT> IJ03H. T. (bI BGHeiliaHCKOMl SJlfkCh DpOflyCKT>), HTO BOBE TpeXCfl 

6tjibiMi> sejbeMi) H Ki> HCMy B03BpamaeTCfl npe»EHflfl KpacoTa; bi> 
b ycbinjHioiuee seJibe ajih MapKoCpyaa Aaerb ^yHcaeBHt BoBa. — 
^yaRHeBHa Bbitsacaerb ua «BHoxoAilti> (b; a: Koat; nosH. t.: 
npyAUt = palafren). — Cjoaa MapKoCpyaa, KOrAa oht> npocHyjrca 
a roTOBBTb noroBK), aanoMiiHaK)Ti> oahbii H3i>iiTajibaaH3M0Bi> do3- 
aaacKaro xeKCxa: «Mory BoBy noBtcHXHw. — KaKi> bi nosABia- 
maxi axaibflacKaxi> Bepciflxi>, nojiKaaii npeACxaajflexca njtHaa* 
KOHi> MapKo6pyaa (a: b norpefie; b: b xeiiaBi^e); o ero npoacxoac- 
Aeaia oxi> sceabi a oca naqero ae roBopaxca; MapaoSpyay aa aero 
yKa3biBaK)XT> «k)bokb» (a; b: waooia; no3a. x. MaMpoAi>). — Boi 
ci> BoBoa pa3CKa3biBaexcH xaaaMi o6pa30Mi>: Mem> BoBbi yxoABxi> 
Bi> 3eMJK), noJiKaai> yAapaji ero Bbipaaaaoa bmi> ci>^opaeMi> Ay- 
6Baoft (a; b:najrBiiefi), xaKi> <ixo xoxi> CBajiBJca, alloJiKaaa BoBBai> 
KOBb MbiKaexit no Jitcy (no3a. t.: jyrt); ApyiaaeBaa tiapaxi 6ora- 
xbipea, a a b noaaja axo aairb 6paxaabe: (ca3 paA 3 Boboio 6pax- 
cxBO Bocopiaxx) (a); nojiKaai> aa3biBaexi> Boay aCojmairB (5paxoMi» 
(b). Cji. Buovo in 8-a rima. 

CjrfeAyK)XT> npBKJUoqeaifl bt> «Kocxejit», rAt KBa»BXT> ypBii>(a), 
BJB «i«y2RBKi> nocauKofi, a bma euy Opeji>» (b), aoxopuS npaaa- 
MaexT> npit3a(axi> ci qecxbK). JXajtbntamia pa3CKa3'b a coKpau^aexx: 
MapKo6pyai> noAXOAaxT> noA'b Kocxeji, Cepexii at njiiai Ypajia 
ci> cbiaoBbHMB, oxoycKaen nepaaro bi> ropoAi>9 ocxaajaa nocjitA- 
aaxi> Bi 3ajort; ci^eaa bi> jomaaut, KaKi> a a'b nosaaacKOBfb xeacxt, 
a aenocpeAcxaeaao 3a aeio Bbit3A'b Bobm b IIojKaaa opoxaai 
MapKoCpyaoaa Boacaa: MapKo6pyai> 6tsBxi>, YpflJiOBbi Cbiaoaba 
oxfiaxbi a nocaaceabi BjacxBoaaxb at caoei «oxqBBt». — Bt> b no- 
caACKia MyHCBKi> Opejii> Bbi3Baxb b cooxatxcxayioii^io aapoAayio 
o6pa6oxKy pa3CKa3a: MapK06pyBT> niJiexi ewy «rpaiioxbi»: nycxb 
BbiAacxi> StrjeaoBi, ae xo c<a3 bbui rpaA Kocxeji oraeMi noacry 
i rojioaaeK) ooKaqio. I Myatairb nocaiiKofi Beatjii My»aK0Mi» co* 
Gpaxua a BeMCKVio isfiy, a MymaKa co6pajiaca. H nocaAaaKt My- 
acaax. Opeji npamoji^ a BeMcayio isfiy a MyacaKaMi> rpaMOxy npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H UOB^CTB. 299 

/ 

qeji> i noneji roBopHT My»HKaBn>: IIoiAeirB Mbi npoTHBi Kopojm 
MapKoGpyea, h m caM nofij(y i Asyx cuhobi c co6ok) Boaiiy. H 
iiymHKH co6pajnicb Aa h BbiexajH nponiB Kopojra MapKoGpyaa. If ko- 
pojb MapKo6pyBi uymtLKA nocaAHHKa h 3 actmh dojiohui* a ABy 
cbiHOBen B3fljn> b saKjaAe, a Bejrbii 3AaTb a ropoAa 5oBy Aa IIoji- 
Kana Aa npeKpacHyio Kopojesy ^ya^eeBHy. I uyxBKh npHmojrb 
Bi> ropoAi> i Beitjii) 36HpaTiia MyHHKaMi> b seiiCKyio i36y, i CKopo 
MyHHKH cofipajHCb, Aa craj-b 3a uymmowb i Myouwb nocaAHHtcb, 
no<iejrb roBopHTb: 3AaTb-JH Hani* 3 ropoAa Bbit3auixi> JiOAeH hjh 
He 3AaBaTb? I Bbicrynaja OpjOBa aseea h noqeia roBopHTb: Bbie3- 
mBxi> jioAefi 3 ropoAa ee 3AaBaTb, a yace AtTflMi* cbohiii Hani He 
nocofiHTb. I MysRHiTb Opaii> noqeji> roBopirrb: V BCflKHe aienbi 
BOJOCbi AOjn Aa yMi> KopoTOtrb. H apBCOBtTOBajni My»HKB, hto 
BoBy 3 ropoAa 3AaTb. H nomexb IlojKaH in> BoBt: Epare BoBa, 
AOJiro coHini>, HHiero He stAaemii, xotht Haci» My;KHKH 3 ropoAa 
3AaTb. H pe^e BoBa: 3jOAtH MyHCHKH, sto ohh npo Ay^y He ro- 
pa3Ao yAyMaiH, ne ropa3Ao h ihi> 6yAeTi>i H CKOHHjrb BoBa CKopo 
c KpoBatu H onaxHyjii Ba ceCn my6y OAeaajiHyK) h B3flj'b ooa aa- 
3yxy Me'ib KjaAeneiii h nomej'b b 3eMCKyK> i36y, i noneji HyauKOBi 
py6BTb, OT ABepei i ao Kyry Mya^iKOBi oopy6iui> Aft b boh noMe- 
Tajii>. A OpjOBa meua noGtacaja c KOHHKa k nemn i noseja roBO- 
pHTb: FocyAapb xpaCpbi BiiTe3, He Mori Menfl ropKHe BAOBbi nory- 
6HTb. If pene BoBa: MaiymKa rocyAapbiHH, ne 6ohch, Aai mh^ ao 
yipa cpoKy, a i Aere tbohxi> ot nojony* (xo-ecxb: ocBoCoacy). 
H 3Atcb Atjo KOHqaeTca xtMi*, hto Bona OpjOBbixi Atxei «yqpe- 

AHJ1>I>. 

Bi no3HaHCKOMi xeKcrfe, nocrt posAenia A*Tei (CHMfiaxbAO h 
KrBHAOHi; b: CHMfiaJAa h JlnqapAa; Bia HHeffb ntrb), Bona, ocra- 
BHBi> IIojKaHa npH cenbt, tAerb ki> MopiOy ne nafiAerb jih rawb 
Kopa6jei ApneHH ja; vb axo Bpena na Ilojucana h nanaAawrb JibBw. — 
Bi a Bona ornpaBjaeTca aa oxoxy h 3a6jiyAUca; bi b IlojKaai 
npHBOAHTb Boat «a3biK0Bi)» OTi Boicaa ^Moaa, orb KoropbixT) 
ysaaioTb, hto oaa nocjiaabi si apuaacKoe iiapcTBO, qrofibi cxaa- 
THTb TaMT> Boay, nocjt qero caMT> Boaa oxapaBjaerca xyAa Ha 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



300 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

«Aejio paTHoew. TaKi oC^acHHexca bt» a h b OTcyxcTBie Bobbi bt> 
TO BpeMfl KaKi> IIojKaHi) norHCaerb, oTfiHBaflCb otb jibbobi. 

KoHeut noBtcTH nopasnaerB bi> no3HaHCKOMi> xeKcrt KpaT- 
KOCTBK) HaioHceHiB: nepeBOAHHKi> KaKi 6yAT0 cntmejii, h s^tcb a h 
b HaflSojrbe paczoAflTcn ci> ero opHrBHaJOM^, ho bi> TOHce BpeMfl n 
Meacjiy co6ok); ho noTony jh, ito KaHAw* BOcnojiHAJt no-CBoeiiy 
KpaTKoe H3J03Keuie H CBoero nouHHHHKa? ITpn raKOATB B3aHMH0Mi> 
OTHomeHiH TeKCTOB^ HejB3H H oacHAaTb Memjiy hbmh Ttxi> aocjob^ 
Hbixi) coBoaAeHiH, kaKifl ao CBX^ nopi> BCTptnajiBCb. 

06paTHiii> BHBMaHie na nocjitAOBaTeJibnocTb, b^ KOTopoH Bct 
TpH TeKCTa HSJiaraioTb nocjtAHin co6biTifl noBtcra. 

IIosHaHcmu mencmz, IIo CMeprH IlyjKaHa ^pyiRHeHa HAerb 
HCKaTb EoBa; ohi> B03BpamaeTCH, norpe6aerb IlyjiKaHa; PbisapAa 
npHrjiamaeTb Bobb, Ha3BaBmarocfl AHrocoMi>, na ciym6y ki> Chm- 
CaJAy. BoS PbnapAa Cb Bobom'b. Uoxoxb sa AHTOHiio; Eoeo om- 
KpueaemcH Tepusy nepe&b naua/ioAn Cumeu, Bobo h Tepbi3i> Jie- 
KapflMH y AoAOHa; ero ydaAHmnz H3'b ropoAa; Bjohaoa saMypo- 
Baea. [3nB30A'b Boiubi ci> flflnHHOMi) h BepHyBmHMCH Aoaohomii, 
HeH3BtcTHbifi a H b], — ^pyawena bt* ApMemn y oxua. — Ilocjbi 
MajirapiH, y KOTopon yMepi OTem, npocflrb BoBa o6opoHHTb ee 
orb KopojH yropcKaro h sKeeHTbCfl ea Hen. — BoBa b% 3aA0Hii, 
KyAa ABjfleTCfl h ApyaeneHa; npB3HaHie; Tepbi3'b HceHHTCH na Maj- 
rapiH, y nero Cbie^ rBHA0HT> h BHyKi) Tepbi3T>. 

TeKcnih a. Apy^^eea, uo CMeprH TIojiRaBa, HAerb acKarb BoBy 
H 3a6jyAHJiacb; BoBa BOsapamaeTCfl, HaxoAHrb flojiKaHa ySflrbiirb; 
.InqapAa npHBHMaerb Boay (HiieHH Auroca etrb) ua cjyac6y ki> 
CaiiCaJAy; Got Bobbi ci JIiiapAOH (KOH^aioiuificfl CMepTbio nocjtA- 
Hflro). — BoBa anoTepcfl 6tju>iHi> 3ejraeM» h ysnam OuM6aAdou. 
IToxoAi) na AhtohIio; Boaa h Tepbi3i> HAyrb jieKapflHH ki> A^Aoay, 
KOToparo a yCwawmz; Majarpacy npaKaBaHO fno6Koeam e 6owy 
dy6oeyy>, — BoBa nocbuaerb ceamamhoi aa MoAiupWj KOTopoi 
OTeui> He yuepi a nparjiamaerb Boay canoro npitxaTb 3a ao- 
qepbK). — Apy^Heua opaGjyAajacb bi> ApMeHiio, rxb aapcTBoaaj'b 
aoTua ea Kopojfl 3HH30Befl oocrejiHairb, HMflHeBTb Apjoni*, a OTi^a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POAIAHA B IIOB^CTB. 301 

en KopoJH 3flH30Befl b »flBOTe HtT»; oaa aoTHxOHbKy BbicapamH- 
Baerb nyxb c<ko rpaAy OHTOHy)). CBBAaaie ea ci Boboh npoacxo- 
AHTB 3Aicb, He B'b 3aA0HiH; Majinipi AaJi'i^e ntrb ptqe, h do- 
BtcTb KOHsaeTCfl TtMi, qTO BoBa cHOBa no»ajiOBajii> CHu6aJ^y 
CyiiBHOBrb rpaAOMi, Apjiooi, KorAa-TO HSMtHHEnecKB nocjaBmifi 
BoBy Ki» cyjTaHy, ocsLmxewh bi> ropoAt ApMent h noBtineHi, a ea 
ero MtcTO DOCTaBJieHi 6parb CflM6a4Abi, Oreob. 

TeKcmz b. IIoTyHcaB'b o IIojiKaHt, ^pyaceeBHa tAerb b^ Ap- 
MCHCKoe aapCTBO, orryAa bt> «PaxjeHCKoe)>. — Boaa, noxopoHHB'b 
allojiKaHOBbi DjecHbD), TaK}Ke OTopaBjaeTCfl bi ApMeHCKoe aapcTBO, 
«HTo6bi eMy deopemciio yCumh, KOTopofi ABopeuKOH nocjiajn> eBO Ha 
CMepTb)>. 3to KaKTi 6yAT0 yKaawBaerb Ha anHBOAT* a o6T) Apjoot, 
HO Aajite HaKaBBHiH ABOpeiiKaro Hbi HH^ero ne yBHaeui. — 3eH- 
seBeio BoBa Be3HaK0Mi>, h6o Kopojib padnpameBaerb ero o6i> ero 
HMeHH: TOTb HaBbiBaerb ceSa Ae%ycmoMz\ oneBHAHo, 3eH3eBeH no 
oimrfiKi nocTaBjieHi) autcTO CaMfiajiAa, KOTopoMj bi> noBHancKOMi 
xeKcrfe Boaa Haaaajca AarocoM-b. — 3eB3eBeH npocaxi Aarycxa 
nocJiyacHTb eMy; MeacAy TtMi> upamjiH as-b Paxjieacaaro i^apcraa 
nocjibi npoBiAbiBBTb Boay: aapeaaa MaaqaTpaa xoqerb 3a aero 
zzxLym.'h BATB. AarycTb aejiarb an^ aepayxbca; «a BoBa 6yAex 
y Bacbw. Owh aajiaexca k^ Maaqaxpia, Kpecxaxi ee, nojioacajiB 
6bixb CBBAbfit; a c(y ^pyHcaeaabi a^xb ysae aa pasyMt, CnMfiajAa 
irpaexT> arycja, a JlaqaApa a AOMT>py».— npaaaaaie coaepmaexca; 
Maaqaxpia Boaa o6iuiaexi> ae Aaxb ea aaKOHy bi o6BAy, a caul) 
tAex^, noA'b xtiwb-ate BMeaeMi Asrycxa, kx CaMeajiA*, Koxopwft 
ficajiyexca euy aa ^OAoaa, y6HBmaro FaaAoaa a oxroaaioniaro wrb 
«HCHBOXHHy)>. BoBa a cbiai* CaMfiaJAbi, ^waxpia, aAyxT> noA'b rpaA'b 
Aaxoai, B^ cbok) osepeAb oxroHawxi acaaoxaHy (iioApofiaocxb, 3a- 
6bixaa wh a, ho aaatcxaaa nosaaacKOMy xeKcxy), a Boaa panaxx 
H ^oAoaa. Tpa abb xoahxi> Boaa njiaaaxb Ha Morajiy oxqa, ^uaxpia 
roBopaxi xoiii CaMdajAt: c<He rocyAapb jib aami xpafipbifi 
BHxe3 Boaa Kopojeaaqb?)). yMbiamacb GtjibiM'b 3ejibeMi> Boaacaoaa 
cxaJT) aaejMB jrfenoo6pa3eai)>, ero npusnaiomh. — CjrfeAyexi* H3Btcx- 
Hoe jeqeaie A^Aoaa, rojioay Koxoparo, npaapbixya) aa fijiFOA* ma- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



302 

pHUKofi, EoBa noAHOCBTb MRTepH; c<i Bejitji> Eoea rpo6 SA'i^axb, 
MBTb CBOK) HCHBy BO ppoC, H o^eBaji rpo6 KaHKaHH i 6apxaTbi, 
norpefi BoBa maxb cbok) acHBy b 3eMJiK)». HoB'&CTb KOH^aeTCfl rkwb, 
HTO Ofn> ocBoSoxRAaerb b3i> TeMHBabi h Bbuaerb sa khbbh A^BKy, 
ROTopafl He AaJia BoBt OTBi^aTb orpaBjieHHbix'b xji'k6oB'by nocjae- 
Hbixi eiMy Harepbto; c^Ttx^ nop^b oHa TouHJiacb BXTiopbMt, «aHHo 
y A^BKH Bjacbi AO DAT OTpocjH)). ^MHxpiH BoBa accHFTb Ha Mhh- 
HBTpie; «H noHeji> Bona acHTb Ha crapBHt 3 /I^pyHCHeBHOK) Aa h 

3 AtTMH CBOHMH, JIBXa H36bIBaTB a A06pa HaHCHBaTB. H BoBt cjaBa 

He HHHeTua OTHbint a ao BiKa». 

H Aajii> HtcKOJibKo noApo6Hbixi BbinHC0Ki> ms-b peaeH3iH b, 
HToC'b oxapaKTepH30BaTb xy nepeAy B'b pa3BHTiH napoAHOH KHHrn, 
KorAa OHa roTOBHxcfl uepeftATH bt> cKa3Ky, oxBaTbiBaexcfl en cth- 
jiew'b, TflHerb ki ho^b*, KaK^ HanpaMtpi), B'b xofi cufin% ta* rep- 
aori) Opio o6paxHjicfl bi> nocaACKaro MyucHKa Opjia, cpeAHeB^KOBoft 
saMOKT* — BT> seMCKyio H36y; hjb KorAa onHCbiBaexcfl nocojbcxBO, 
H BCflKift pasi nocoj'b KJiaAexT> na cxojrb rpaMOxy h x. n. B'b Ayxt 
xoro me aapoAHaro npiypoqeniH ntKOxopbiH 6bijRHHbiH Bbipa^enifl 
(nanpHM'fep'b: «rojiOBHeH noKaiy»; cj. rHJb4>. j\& 207: XoqyxT> 
KieB'b rpaAT) rojiOBHefi KaxHXb), jiiofiOBb wb noBxopeHiaurb: o^KOH'fe 
BoBbi ABaaeAbi B'b pa3Hbix'b ntcxax'b roBopnxca, hxo ohi cxohxt> 

npHBflSaHHblH na CXOJbKHX'b-XO utnflXl>, sa CXOJbKRMH-XO ABepflMH, 

H y»e AO nocjitAHOH Ao6HpaexcH ; ABaHCAbi nocbuaeTb, iJ^pyacHeBHa 
CBOBxi cbiHOBefi Ki> BoBii, «ixo6bi Aaxb eny B03M0acH0CXb ABa»CAbi 

BBHXbCH K'b Heft H yBHA'l^Xb ee XO B'b H3MtHeHH0M'b, XO B'b CBOeM'b 

o6pa3'&. K'b cKasosHbiM'b npieManfb opHHaAJeffiHTb h ocQ6oe npeA- 
pacnojioacenie K'b annqecKOH cnpaBeAJBBOCxH. BparH h ii3bi'6hhhrh 
AOJiJRHbi Sbixb HaKa3aHbi: B'b no3HaHCKofi noB'IkcTH (h B'b BeneiuaH- 
CKOH noaMt) Bona CbexcH cb PaqapAo, ho ne yfiEBaexb ero, npn 
^ewb^ oneBHAHO, 3xoxi> PaqapAO ne oaho jhuo cb npHBepsKeni^eM'b 
j!I,OAOHa Bi na^ajri^ noBtcxH, h6o xoTb y6Hxi> TepusoM'b. Bi> a h b 
nocjtAHflPO annaoAa, KaRi> Mbi BHA'i^JiH, H'l&Tb; PeqapAa, cb koxo- 
pbiM'b 6bexcfl BoBa B'b a, A'i^ftcxBHxejibHO, npeAaxejb, cxopoHHHicb 
AoAona, H BoBa ero HaKa3biBaexi>. KiaxoMy a h b npHCoeAHHAHyrb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T» HCTOPIH POM AHA U nOB*CTH. 303 

HEKasaHie eme b ipyraro npe^aTejfl; ABopeaKaro, nocjaBinaro Eosy 
Ha Btpnyio CMepxb in> cyjTany^). Ha o6opoTT>, ho bt> Ayxt xofiae 
dnnqecKofi cnpaBejiJniBOCTH, narpa^a, Koropofi bt> b yAocroHBaeTCH 
AtsyiEKa, cnacmafl BoBy. 

Bt> a noA06Hbixi> nepeAtJOirb h ocoCeHHOCTeH, xapaKxepHsyK)- 
mHxi> b, BOoGme ueHbrne; na 3HaqnTejbH0Mi> npoTflHceHiH ohi> ao- 
BOJbHO 6jiH3K0 OTBtnaerb coAepacaniK) h DjiaHy nosHaHCKOH noBicTH, 

B0Cnp0H3B0Aa OTiaCTH H efl 5^05^, HO XaK-b, HXO BX HHblXT> cjy- 

qaaxi> 66jibiDafl 6jiii30cxb 0Ka3biBaexcfl na cxopoHt b. TaMT> h BA^cb 
a H b yAepscajH, cxajo 6bixb, 6yKBy cBoero noAJiHBHBKa, 6jQ3Karo 
K-b ooAJraHHBKy no3HaHCKaro cnncKa. Hxo axoxi> opnrHnaji'b CbiJi-b 
TcepCcKifi, na axo yKa3biBaK)xi> yAepataBmiecH, He CMOxpe na noji- 
Hyio BejiHKopyccKyio nepepaCoxKy, cep6H3Mbi bi poA*: iohoki, 
KJioGyKi), Jiyrb bi BHaqeniH bosco, ocxaBraificfl BcioAy, fa* xoMy ne 
nepeHHJii cMbicji> b Bau'i&HeHHbifi jtcoMi> jBnib xaiui, rAt no CMbicjy 
6e3i> Hero HejbBfl 6biJio oGoBAXBCb (bi> cuent, KOPAa KOHb EoBbi 
ofioApajTb IIojiKaHa, hoch ero no Ji*fecy). — Hxo He etaopyccKift 
xeKcxT> noBHancKaro cnHcna 6bwb hcxoahok) xohkoS BeiBKopyccKHX'b 
Bepcifi, AOKaaaxejftcxBO xoMy h BHHcy ne cxojibKO bt* oxcyxcxBin 

B-b nOCJltAHBX'b KaRBXTi-Cbl XO HH CblJIO CJltAOBl AiajieKXBqecKBX'b 

oco6eHHOCxeH nepBaro (b^ BejiBKopyccKOMi) nepecKaat mrb jierKo 
6biJ0 cxepexbCH), CKOJibKo bi* BMenH MuAumpucu bm. hobh. Mepe- 
mpucz. EcjB Mepexpbicb, KaKi> Mbi npeAnojo»CBjH, ecxb axBMOJio- 
PBHecKoe noAHOBjenie etjiopyccKaro nepeBOA^BKa, bm. nejexpBCb^: 
meltris^ xo uama MBJHxpBca npBBflSbiBaexcfl ne k% noAHOBJieHHot, 

a Kb ApeBHeH «OpMt HMeHB, CXOflBODiefi Bl> opHFBHajit a H b. 6i 

3xoui> opHrBHajit Re 6huo hb anaBOAa o IlBnBHt, hb caenbi 6oh 
noAi> 3aA0Hiefi, KOxopbixT> ne SHaexi* b nosHaHCKiif xeKCxi>. H3i> 
axoro BcxosHBKa (=x) noraejTb, cb oahoS cxopoHbi, oosHaHCKitt 
xeKcxT> (=p), (Tb ApyroH — noAJBHHBK'b a b b. Hxo seAexx nacb 
Kb ero o6oco6jeHiK), axo HOBbia BMena, corjacHO ABJaionouHCfl bi> a 



^) Cm., BnpoHeiTb Bume, crp. 232, cxo^Buft anHao^i* bi* CTapo-^panayscKOM'b , 
poMani. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



304 A. H. BEGEJIOBCKlfi, 

H b (Khp6hti> BepaayjiOBHqi, orem MHJBTpHCbi^); 3eH3eBei Ah- 

AOpOBHTB = ApMeHHJIl), JH6o HBJIflEOmiflCH Bl OABOMl E (AxRHl, 

0H6aHi, Apjioni^), ropoAt FIpaaHb; OreHb), MOflKerb Cbixb, jiHinb 
onymeHHbifl bi b (?). dwrh HenocpeACTBeaHbifi hctotohki a h b 
(= y) Morb 6biTb cep6cKHHi>, ho ero aMnjii<i»HKaaiH mofjih npeuaA- 
jenaTb H pyccKOMy nepecnaiaBKy, xoth nepBoe npeACTaBJiflercH 

MHt 60jte BipOflTHbIMl>. 

Bet 3TH BbiBOAbi, a BMtcTt H npeAnojio»(eHifl, oiKHAaioiiufl 
npoBtpKH, Moryn> Cbixb BbipaJKeew bi cxfeAyiomefi reHeajorHie- 
CKofi cxeMt: 

X (cep6cKafl noeicTb 6e3i> annsoAOBi o 
IlHDfiHi ff 60^ noAi 3aA0Biefi; meltris) 




'^JlHiHTpHca, Khp- \P(MepeTpuci) 
6ETb Bepaayjio- 
Bu^'b'j 3eH3eBefi) 



a, b 



IIpE TaKOMi npeAnojoaieHiR BoBa dbbjca y eacb bi AByxi 
nepeBOAa^^ ci cepficKaro; cxoactbo H'feKOTopbIX^ 4>pa3'b Me^tAy 

P H ab OfilHCHHJIOCb 6bl He HSi B3aHMH0S BXl aaBHCHMOCTH, a H31> 
CTHJIHCTHieCKarO CXOACTBa HCTOqHHKOB'b; p OCXaJIOCb BTj pyKOHHCH, 

OTpaaceHifl y (ab) saBjaA^jiH napoAHOio <i»aHTa3iei h nonuH ryjiHTb 
no jHny pyccKOH seMJH. Jlyrb = bosco sacxaBjaerb noAoaptBaxb h 
AJfl cep6cKaro EoBa xo me AajmaxHHCKoe npoHcxoacAenie, KaKoe 
Mbi coHJiH B03M0»eHbiMi> AonycxHXb, Ha ocHOBaniH ApyrRxi coo6pa- 
»eHifi, H AJifl RCxoHHHKa nosHancKaro Tpecxana. SaHixHMi KCxaxH, 



^) Bi* Buovo in 8-a rima, c. I, st. 9, OTeui* EpaHAOHia Hassairb Duca Bor- 
gorgnon (bi. Maasebuch, hsa. Amsterdam, 1661: Brandania nai* Burgandia); bi> 
Reali di Francia: Ottooe di Guascogna; ei. OTpuBKaxi. TOCRaHCKoft Bepcin, aail- 
AeHHofi Paftaoft (= 4»paHKO-MTajiiaHCKoft), Ugo di Guascognia. 

*) Bt. Bovo in 8-a rima, c. FV, st. 24, CTapHKi>, OTBtqaiomift Apjony, He na- 

SBaHli. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIB POMAHA H nOB-feCTH. 305 

HTO Bi> 3apt, y Piazza dei Cinque Pozzi, naxoAHTCfl Apeaaflfl 
GamHfl, KOFAa TO HocHBmaH HaaBaaie: Lucerna di Sinella, BoocjtA- 
ctbIh npo3BaHHaH: Torre di Buovo d'Antona. Sinella yKasbiBaerb 
He Ha BeneiiiaHCKaro Bobo h ero OTpaacenin, a na Reali di Francia, 
H3BtcTHbiH BX CTapoMi xopBaTCKOAfb nepeBOAt (cj. Bbime, CTp. 246): 
3Aicb Sinella, oTBtsaiomafl CaAoniH, CnAOHiH BeneoiaHCKaro h 
4>paHKO-HTajbHHCKaro, Sivele^ Civile (= CeBHJbe) <i>paHiQr3CKHXi> 
TeKCTOBi^) — noMtii^eHa HMeHHO bi> ^ajMaain (Schiavonia). OoHCKa 
Sinele bm. Sivele, Sayelle h t. n. noBeja n ki> hoboS, cjyqafiHoi 
jiOKajH3aaiH — n ki MtcTHOMy npo3BBuiy: Lucerna di Sinella. 



>) Cj. Bume CTp. 232, 288 m P. Rajna, I Reali di Francia, CTp. 206—7. 

Ctfopaui U Otx^H. a. H. 20 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HI. 
A T T I J a. 

I. 

HcTopHiecKaa AtaTejbHocrb ArrHjia Hauija ceCt HapoAHyio 
oatHKyBii^tiOMi) pHAt jiereuAT> HCKasaHifi, pa3HOo6pa3HyK) CMOTpa 
no cpeiii, Bi> KOTopoH OHH cjiarajHCb ^). ^jih jaTBHCKaro 3anaAa 
AxTHJa 6bijn> rjaeHbiirb oGpasowb paapymHTejib; vk HapoAHOCTH, 

KOTOpblfl, KaKT> rOTbl, CJtAOBaJIH 3a HHMT> BT) erO noCtAOHOCHblXT) 

Ha6traxi>, 6oJite KaKi> coh)3hrkh, ^^M'b mKh no6tHCAeHHbie, co- 
xpaHHJH newh naMHTb, Kani) o uoryneM'B h cjiaBHOBii> BJiacTHTejrfe, 
BoepBbie o6ieAHHBBmeHi> h o6pyiiiHBmeMi> ua xpHcriaHCKiH 3anaAi> 
coeAHHeHHbifl CBJibi CTenHbixi> a repMaHCKBxi> opAi>. TaKi> ciomB- 
jBCb ABa anHqecKHX'b Teieeifl, jiaTBHCKo-xpHCxiaBCKoe h ryHHCKO- 
repMaacKoe hjh 6jni»ce ryHHCKo-roxcKoe; hb to, hh Apyroe ae aodbjo 
Bi) CBoeMi pa3BflTiB AO opraBB3aiiiH ntceflaaro iiHiua b iitjbHoCTH 
DOdHbi, HO o6a nepemBJB o6bi«iHbie wb mnsnin anoca npoueccbi Ae- 
TepiopaiiiB B ocjioaRHeHifl, HecHBTaiomarocfl c^ xpoHOJorieS. KaK^ 

Bl>JaTBHCKO-XpflCTiaHCKOfl TpaABI^ifl AlTHJia BBJfleTCfl CMtmaHHbIH7> 



1) Oat 6UJIM pt3o6paHbi Am. Thierry, Histoire d'Attila et de sea saccessenrs 
1674, 1. 11 p. 221 cjtx. H D'Aneona'oll: La leggenda d'Attila Flagellum Dei in 
Italia, Bi>Stadjdicriticae8torialetteraria (Bologna, Zanichelli, 1880) p. 363 cjtx. 
H Bi. Antichi poemetti popolari italiani (TaMJxe, 1886 r.), CTp. 169 CJ-b^.; na sto 
v3xaHie Mu ^ajte n ccujaeMCfl. 

20* 



uigmzed by VjOOQIC 



,308 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlS, 

ch ToTHJofi H BMtcrfe MyHHTejeMi (bi> 451 r.) cb. ypcyjibi h ea 
cayTflHU'b, Bbi-fexaBfflHxi h3i BperaHH bi 383 roAy, xainb b-b h*- 
MeaKOMi> anoct ohi> npeAcraaiHeTCfl coBpeMeHBHKOHi> dpMaaapHxa, 
TeoAopHxa h O^oaKpa. Bi> nepBOMi> cjiyqat iiBKJH3aiiifl npoH3omjia 
noAi> BneqaTjiflieu'b xpacTiaHCKoft jereHAu: ajlh aea ArrHJia fibijrb 
a(5HqeMi> 6oHciHMi», ea Hero ecrecTBeHHO oepeHOCBJHCb Bct y»acbi 
npecxbAoaaHiH h MyqesHqecKHxi KaBHea; bo BTopoMi. mm HMteiii> 

AiJO Cl> OAHHM^ II3T> X0AH<1HX1> npOMaXOBli dHEqeCKOH naMHTH : 3a 

Attmoh H'feMeoKBX'b no3MT> HeoOxoABMO npoADOJiOHCHTb ApeBHee, 
roTCKO-ryHHCKoe iitceHHoe npeAaaie, bt* kotopomt* Axreja flBJiHJCfl 
drMfneAhHUMz ufiBT^OM'b; 3to noJo»eaie ocTajrocb 3a hbmi> h ano- 
cjtACTBiH, HO KOPAa HCTopB<iecKoe coAepaeame npeAaaiH B3CflKJ0 
HOBbia HMeaa a pa3CKa3bi aaajiHCb aa CMtay CTapbixi>, Arraja 
coycTBJica ki BHaHeaiio ueaTpa coGupameAhuato: aoapyrb aero pa- 
Bbirpbiaaexca TpareAia HB6ejiyHroBi>, ki> aeny npaHbiKaerb a orb 
aero bcxoabtb Atficxaie noaw-b o ^Bxpaxt-TeoAopaxt roxcKOMi, 
BBxepojib<x»t, Bajbxept AKBHxaacKOMi. Ilapajjiejibao Cb dxaMi> 
BAexi» B AOTepiopaiiifl ero xaoa, aanoMBaaiouiafl xy, Koxopaa bi> 
cxapo-<i»paai^'3CKOMi> aaoct nocxarja Kapja Bejaaaro: oai cjnno- 
KOMi 6jaroA}'nieai> a CJa6i mn repoa, a fioratbipa, cxojiyioniie 
y aero, aepepocjB ero rojoaoio. Taaoaii ohi> bi Etzels {lofhal- 
tuog. 

IIoAofiHoe BBMtaeaie xBna, ho bi oCpaxaoMi cMwcjit, coBep- 
iDHJocb aa noHB'b jiaxHucKO-xpacxiaHCKofi jiereHAbi. Axxajia aaBJica 
Bi> aea ai aa^ia^t npeACxaaaxejeMi) Taecxoaaro aBbiqecxaa ai ero 
apoxaaonojioaeaocxa ki> xpacxiaacxay ; 6oacbeB aapbi, aacjiaaHoi aa 
xpacxiaaii 3a axi nperptmeaia: flagellum Dei. 3xoxi> 6a6jieftCKift 
3naxexT>, cJ03i(aBmifica bi npajiosReaia kt* Axtajt ai V — VIII atat, 
y aacb npaMtaaaniificH ki> IIojOBaaM'b '), o6pan;aexca nOBAate 
Bi KJraHKy AxBJiJibi, Koxopyw oh^ HOcaxT> coBaaxejibao. Taa^ ai 
pa3CKa3tyThwroc2^'a I, 15, aecoMHtaao 6ojte ApeBHeMi> bi> caoei 
ocaoat, v^M'b ero Banacb: aaKaeyat^ KaxajayacKofi fiaxau ryaabi 



1) aH ce nonycTH Eopb xasHb ea hu ce 6o ecTi> Camon Eio, Aa noABur- 

Hevcfl OTi> siaro nyTH». 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



J 



B31> HCTOPIH POMAHA 1 nOB^CTH. 309 

cxaaTHJH Bi> jicy noAi> ropoAOMi> OTmeJbHBKa, cjbiBuiaro 3a npo- 
poKa. Ha BonpocB Atthjbi, aa KtMi> ocraHeTCH noGiAa, oht> 
OTBtqaerb: l\i es flagellum Dei.... accipiet tamen hone gladium 
a te dum voluerit et ilium alteri tradet. AiTHJiy dTo Btmaeie 

npBBOAHTb BT> BOCTOprB B OHT> BOCK^BUaCTb Bl peT0pBHeCK0M1> 

caMOSBaaiB: 

Stella cadit, tellus fremit, en ego malleus orbis. 

KorAa nosAHte oht> noA'feta^aerb in> cTtBaMi> Tpyh b Tpefiyerb^ 
^ro67> eMy otbopbjb ropoACKifl BopoTa, enflCKon'B cb. JIyoi> cnpamB- 
Baen>ero: Tuquisesqui terram dissipas et conculcas? CuiAttila: 
Ego sum Attila, rex Hunnorum^ flagellum Dei (ib. I, 16). Bene 
venerit flagellum Domini mei! (ib.), OTBtqaerb enflCKODi>, BejBT'b 

OTBOpflTb BOpOTa B, CXBaTBfil» nOAl» ySAIlBI KOBfl ATTBJbl, BBOABTb 

ero Bi ropoA'b. 3a mwb flAeTi> Bce ryaBCKoe boScko, ho ohh hb- 
nero He BHAflTb, nopa;KeHHbie cjtooToio, h npospiBaiorb Jinmb Bbi- 
cryuBB-b B3i ApyrBX'b ropoACKHxi Boporb. IIoAoCHbia paacRasbi o 
qyAecHOMii ocji^HJieHiB npHBHsajHCb ci> BMeneM^ AiTB^ibi ki> Apy- 
rBMT> M'fecTHocTHM'b 4>paHiuH (Metz, Dieuze h Ap.)? no jiereHA* o 
CB. Jlyni cjiowBjacb cxoAuan o cb. FeMflBbflBt, enncKont HOAea- 
CKOM-b (Thierry 1. c. 244), KaKi,, Haoeoporb, jieroHAa ocb. FepMaat 
0KceppcK0Mi> OTpasBja rjiasHbiH qepTbi pbhckoh: o nant JIbBt 
(D'Ancona 1. c. crp. 199 npBM. 1). MtcTHbifi anoc^ paspocxajca 
no HanpaaieniEo utKOTopbix'b BSjiioSjieHHbix'b pascKaaoBi, nepcAa- 
BasmBxcfl B3i> QAHOH cpoAbi BTiApyryio: nojoHceme BMOTBBbi ocra- 
BajBCb, npiypoHenifl orpaHBHBBajiHCb qacro coGcTBeuHbiMH BMenaMH. 
ileMOHHsecKoe caMOSHanie ATTHJbi bi nepecKaat Thwrocz'a 
eABa-jiB He noaAHtfiman qepra; oua aanoMBHaerb BaBicTHbifi moho- 
jorb Ezzelino da Romano bi» Eccerinis Albertinq Mussato; ho 
opyAiK) BosKifl ratBa ecrecTBeHHo 6b]jio 6biTb cjyiKHTejeM'b AbH- 
BOja: Bi> QCBTiB CB. HaKaaie caul caTana oTKpbiBaerb AiTHJit 
Bpara PeiMca, no6yacAaH^ ero ki> Ba6ieBiK) b nacHjiB. Bi> aroii 
CBflaB CTOHTb, Bi HaBtcTHOH tftpt, H paaBBTio BKOHorpa<i»HqecKaro 
TBna AxTHJibi B-b HxajiiB, fa* ero jio6Hrb npeAcraBJflTb ct> necbeft 
rojoBOH. y«e lopAaH'b paacKaabiBaj'b o totckbxi KOJAyHbnxi*, b3- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



310 A. H. BECEJIOB(^Klfi, 

THaHHblXl npH KOpOjt ^HJIHIiept Bl> GKHOilO, PAt OTh HX1> C03KI* 

TejbCTsa Cb HeMHCTasiH ajxemb npoHaom^H npeAKv ryHHOBi>; bi 
IX Bticfe KopBeScKiH rpaiiMaTHirb oroHAecTBiHerB hxi> ci> Foroiii 
B Maroro>ii>, saRjiioHeHHbiiiH AjieKcaHApoMi> B. sa ropaHB ci- 
Bepa^) — B-B Hflcjt Apyraxt hc^bctbixi HapoAOBi>, Koropioxi 
ApeBHepyccKafl HKOHorpaoiH jiio6wrb H3o6pa»aTb necHPjaBiutMB ^). 

npB6aBBMl> Kl> 3T0My CTpaiDHblfi, HeofibHHBlH BflAl> ryBflOBl>, flXl> 

HenoBflTByH) ptqb; cjobo xam, Kan, c6jiflaceHHoe ci canis — b mm 
o6i>flCBBM'b ce6t, KaKBM'b o6pa30Mi ATTBja, noKasaTejib ryaBCKofi 
pacbi, Mon> upeAcraBBTbCH KBBOKe<i»aJOM'b. TaKBifb B3o6pa»caiorb 
ero HapoAHbiB BTajibflHCKifl KapTBHKB: cb najncoi-CKnneTpoM'b bi 
pyKt, ci coCa^bflHH ymaMH, BbicTyoaiou^HMB HS'b-da Btaaa, cbRibi- 
KaMB co6aKB, npBAaBjeHBbiMi aocoifb h 6opoAofi (D'Ancona 1. c. 
254). IIoAofiBbii nopTpeTit Amrjibi, npflneceHflbiB EZ'b Ilojibiofl 
AjiOBsieH'b JIflnoMaBOMi>, enBCKonoMi> BepoBbi b nancKBM'b jera* 
TOiii>, BBAtjii> B'b BeBeiiiB Marzari (Historia di Vicenza, 1604, 
p. 44); Apydfl B3o6pa»eBifl, TaKse BTajibHHCRaro npoBCXoacAeflifl, 
BaMtBHWTb ymB — poraaiB (D'AnconaLc, cxp, 254 — 5, npBM. 3). 
Orb TaKoro npeACTaBjeaifl seAajieKO 6bijio b AOApyroro, CMemaaro 
fl cpaBBBTCJibflo nonyjApnaro bi> UrajiB. B'b nodMaxi> b noBtcTflXi) 
Bovo D'Antona o nyAOBBmi Policane (pyccK. IIojKaflt) pas* 
ei^a3biBajiocb, tto obI) pohcabbi otb acenmBBbi b nca; B'b Fiorita't 
Armannino, giudice di Bologna, roBopajocb, qxo Peai (Reso re 
di Thirpoya) nocjaji bt, Aap'b TeKTopy aPellicane, mezzo cane e 
mezzo uomo, valentissimo arciere e leggerissimo nella cor8a)». 
H BOTb B'b nodMt fiojioflua NiccoI5 da Casola (XIV b.) b, B'itpo- 

BTBO, B^ ero ^paBKOBTajIbHBCKOM'b BCTOHBBKt pa3CKa3blBajI0Cb 06'b 

OABOMi BeBPepcKoifb Kopojt, BaAyMaBmeMi BbiAaTb cboio Ao^b aa 
BacjtAHBKa BBsaBTiBCKaro npecTOja b saKiio^BBmeM'b ee noKa B'b 
CamBH), Aa6bi yCepesb ee orb onacBOcreft, ppo3BBmBxi en Kpa- 
corik. Cjywjiocb, qepo obi Be oncBAajrb: uapeBsa 3a6epeMeBBJia 
OT'b CBoefi cofiaHKB B poABJCfl — ArTBja. — Sry Bepciw jepeaAw, 

') Cji. moh K)}KBO-pyccKiii 6iiiauHU, Bun. II, cTp. 178, npnii. 1. 
*) H3i» HCTopiH poMaaa h noatcTu, sun. I, CTp. 455. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 311 

yAepHaHHyw, xoxa cb oroBopKoi (pero comunqae sia, V'ha chi la 
crede e cbi Tha per bugia) aeTopoMi BTajikHHCKoi HapoAHofi noaiibi 
(D'Ancona crp. 282), ho yMOJ«iaHHofi bi> Maggio oCi Arrait (ib. 
CTp. 285), D^Ancona cSjraaeaerb ci> Kapa<iaHCRHMi> npeAaHieMi, 
cJbiinaHHbi>ii> Ha KySanH oahhmi BeHrepcKHirb nyxemecTBeHBH- 
KOMi^). MtcTo AtficTBifl Apyroe, ho saBHSKa xa-ate: oahht. koh- 
CTaHTHHonoJbCKifi HMnepaTop'b xaicb CepeH^erb necrb CBoero HMeHH 
H poAa, HTo 3aKJK)Haerb aa oahohi> ocxpoBt IIponoHTHAbi cbok) 
eABHopoiwyK) AOHb-fcpacaBHoy AUemely; npn neft cxapyxa-ManKa fl 
DHTbHaAoaTb A^BymeKii, AanHbixii efi bT) ycjyjKenie; in> ocxpony 
3anpen\eH0 npHGjiBnaTKca K0My-6bi to hh 6buo noA'b crpaxoM'b 
CMepTH. B'baTOMi OABHOHecTBt Bbipocraerb Allemely; en Kpacoxa 
pocTerb^ H KT0-6bi ue yBBAajii ee, Bci wb nee. bjioGjihiotch, Btxepi 
jacKaerb ee cbobmi^ AyHOBeHieMi>, MopcKin BOJHbi joOaaiOTb en 
Hora, KOPAa ona HAerb fieperoHi; OAHa^Au, Korxa ona aacayja, 
jyqb cojuaa npoHHKHyji'b icb uefi bi> okho h onjoAOTBopHjfb eS. 
KoPAa orea^ yaHajii o en GepeMeHHOCTH, ohi> nocntmHJii CKpbirb 
CBOH CTbiAit: uocaAHJii AO^b H efl CBBiy na KopaCjib, HappyaseHHbifi 
30JiOTOMi> H ajiMa3aMH, H nycTHJTb HI oTKpbiToe Mope. Btxepi 
6epeH(H0 npoHecb epo bt> Boc^op'b h Hepuoe Mope, h oho, o6biKHo- 

BeUHO Pp03H0e AJIH BCHKaPO, HblTaiOlUaPOCfl HJblTb ePO BOAaMH, 

THxo AOBOJO epo AO KaBKascRapo npefipeHba, Kb ofijacTB, PAt bi 

TO BpeMB BJiaCTBOBaJH MaAbflpbl. MOJOAOfi BOaCAb HXlt 6blXb Bl TO 

BpeMfl Ha oxoTt, BHAHTb Copaxo yfipaHHoe cyAHO, meHuiHHi>, mo- 
j[HBinBxi> noMoniH; oH-b jobko nycKaerb CTptjy, Kb KOHoy koto- 
poH npHKptnjieHa 6bijia AJHHHan mejiKOBafl BepeBKa; CTptja yoaja 
na Kopafijb, hbkopo ne paaBB'b, A'i^BymKH, coyTHtfubi Allemely, 
npHBfl3biBaK>rb sepeBKy ki> Ma^ri^, a jiioah xana npHTAPBBaiorb 
cyAHO Kb 6epepy. KpacaBHaa pa3CKa3biBaerb o cbobxi npHKJiio- 
qeHiBxi) H, paspimBBoiHCb orb 6peMeHH cbiHoirb cojHua, Bbixo- 
ABTb 3aMyHi 3a xaaa, KOTopapo Taume noAapBJia cbiaoMi. Bbi- 
pocmH MOJiOAbie jik)ah neHaBHAarb Apyn> Apypa; OTeai nbiTaeTca 



1) Cj. Thierry 1. c. p. 419 cjit*., no: Voyage en Crim6e aa Caucase etc., fait 
en 1830, pour servir k I'histoire de Hongrie. Paris. 1838. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



312 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft^ 

QOMipiiTb Hxi, yMBpafl HEAteTCH opeAOTBpaTBTb 6yjiyiiufl pasHo- 
rjiacifly ynopHAOHHB'B npasa eacjiiACTBa; ho HanpacHo: no era 
CMepra ycoCHoa cbiHOBefi pasAtjBja h HapoAi> ea ABt napriH, 60- 
poBmiHCB ApyPB cb ApyroMi>; BTopneHle BB03eHiieBi> AOBepmvjo 
ocrajbBoe: MaABflpu Do6iHAeHbi, pasciHHbi, yrpaTBJH CBoe bmb; 
TBKb KOBHfljocb Bxi* HapoAHoe cymecTBOBaflie. 

CjiEHBTe Cb dTHM'b CKasaHieHi cjitAyiomee: npoBcxoacAeaui 
KBprH30Bi>^). y xaHa Altyn Bel'A cbiH-b Eaiscbyly Kan h AOiRa, 
poAHBmaBCflTaKofiKpacaBBiieH, hto OTei^i> Bejt'&rb CTepenb eg noA'b 
3eMJieH)y Aa6bi eg ne yBBAtii> HejiOBt<iecKifi rjiasi. YsHaBi orb 
npBcraBJieHHofi ri> Hei CTapyxB, mo ecTb eme a Apyroft CB^TJibiH 
Mipi, OHa yopocBjia eS noKaaarb ero ea; TOJbKo hto Bbimia OHa 
Hsi) noABeMejibfl, KaRi Bo^ifi Bsopi ynaji aa aeS b oaa 3a6epeMe- 
HBJia. ^oraAaBmacb o6t> 3tomi, CTapyxa bbbbtch MaTepa, Ta ot- 
KpbiBaerb opoacmeAinoe Myacy, aoTopbia aejiBTb yMepTBBTb AOHb 
fljifl BOoCme yAaJBTb eg ci> rjra3i>. MaTb nojioacBJia eS 6i> sojiOToft 
cyaAyKii, Aaaa cb co6oi nBma b nycTHjia bi> Mdpe, npBaasaB'b 
caapysfl kjiiohi orb aaMaa. 0% 6epera, rjifk oaa oxoTflJiacb, Dom- 
dagnl Sokur b Toktagul Merg&n BBAarb cyaAyai*, pimaJB AOcraTb 
ero B, «iT06bi BDOcjitACTBia ae cuopBTb A'i^emt, noA^jajB aane- 
peA'b: Toktagul Morgan B03Merb, qio Bayxpa, Domdagul Sokur 
1T0 caapyHCB. JlepsbiB BbiCTptjraji> Bi cyaiyai ci^ptjOK), H'b ko- 
Topofi fibiJTb npBKpd&njieai> mejKOBbiH maypoKii, a Taaii npBTaayjii* 
ero KT, 6epery. 06a nopaHceubi apacoToft AtBymat, KOTopaa ro- 
Boparb, KTo oaa, a corjacaa BbifiTB 3aMyH'b 3a Toktagul-Merg&n, 
ROFAa caMa padptmarca orb Gpeueaa. IIo ataoTopoHi apeMeaa 
oaa poABJia MaibHEKa^ apacBBie ee caMoft, ho bmobb Schyngys'a^); 



^)Radloff, Proben der Yolkslitterator der tOrkischen St&mme SQd-Sibinens, 
III, cTp. 80 cAa» JleresMM HBerucib cj. y IIoTaHHea, OnepKH ci^Bepo-aanaA- 
BOfi MoHTOjiH ly, CTp. 801 cxix* 

<) Bi) 67pflTCKoft CRasKii o UlRHrucb pascKasuBaeTCH BHane: y oABorozana 
6uM0 ABii menu; j luaAmeft poab<ich pe6eB0K'B; y crapmeft He duio. Mjajiniafl 
BanBcaaa uymj^ HazoxBBmeiiycji bI) noxoAt, aHCbMo; crapiiiaH noAMtsBxa OBCbuo 
H nanHcaia: poxBJicB hh pe^eHOKi*, hb saiipb. Uapb OTBtTBJi>: OcTaaHTb ao HOero 
opitsAa. CrapmaB Mceaa onHTb noAM^HBxa obclmo b Banacaja: 3aiOM(BTi> bI) cmo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31> BCTOPIB POM AHA H nOBliCTB. 313 

Bi ropoAt, r^t OHB »BJB, yMepi> keitb pa3i> BjacTBTejiB, a Schyir- 
gys'a BbiCpajfl emy DpeeiiHBKOMi>: oE^h 6bixh cnpaBeAiBBi>, HBKoro 
He ofiBHcaji, HapoAi> mwh bi> napt, He 6buo bi> fleMi> hh jach, 
HE BopoBCTBa. MeHAy TiMi> Maxb Schjmgys'a Bbiuua aaMyae'b 3a 
Toktagul-Merg&n'a h npa^HJia cb hbmi Tpexi> cbiHOBefi, KOTopbie 
HaHBHaH>n> Bpa^AOBaTb cb 6e3poAHbiMi Schyngys'oM'b H3i>*3a he- 
cjrfeACTBa H BiacTH. Onacancb 3a cboh) »H3Hb, owb roBopBTb na- 
TepB, HTO xonerb yAajHTbCH kt> BcroHHHKy xoft BOAbi, no Koxopoft 
OHE opHDJibija, Ki* MtcTy, TAt sKHBerb ero 0Teiii>; ona CyAerb 
3HaTb ero npefibiBaHin no OTH^bHM'b nepbflifb, Koropbifl npHHecerb 
Kb Heft Te^ienie. Ohi> yAajinercH, a npaBJieuie ero CBOAnaro Cpaxa 
BdrgdltOi 3acTaBJ!Herb Bcix^b noacajitTb o Schyngys'i: y3HaBi> 
y ero MaxepH o oanpaBJieHiH, bi> KOTopoM^b ero cjitAOBajo HCKETb, 
25 jyqmHXTi jioAeft B3i> HapoAa BAyrb h npHBOAHTb ero Ha3aAi>. 
Coopb MeHAy HflMii HfipaTbflMH nopimen-b Marepbio: KOMy yAacrcH 
noBicHTb CBOH AjKb Ha cojHeHHOM'b jyit, TOTb nycTb B CyAerb 
BjacTHTejieMi>. 3to yAaexcn jiHmb Schyngys'y, h6o ohtj cbm-b 
cojrHii,a. Ero iJ^apcTBOBaHie CTOJb cjiebho, hto mvnein PyMa, 
KpbiMa H HapoAi KajH<i>a npocHTb ero Aaxb muiy BjiacTBrejieM'b 
OAHoro 831) CbiHOBefi, a pyccRBM'b Aocrajacb BjiacTHTejbHBii,efi ero 
AOHb Ak Biba'). 

TOHCAeCTBO KHprH3CKarO CKa3aHifl O ^HHrBC'fe' Cb KaBKa3CKHM'b 

BHt coMHtnifl, TOJibKO pa3Bfl3Ka H aTHBHecKoe npiypo^OHie Apyroe. 
EcjH «MaAbflpb])> uocjiiAUHro npBHaAJeacarb AtficTBBxejibHO euy ca* 
MOMy '), He cooCpaaKeHiflM'b h <i»aHTa3iH MaAbflpcnaro nyTemecxBeH- 



IflBJIO 60HKy M 6pO€HTI> Bl> MOpe. HOCHJIO 6OHKJ DO MOpiO H DpH^HJlO KTb 6e- 

pery. muHrucL, saKnoHeBHuft bi* 6ohk']&, TOOByji'B Boroio h 6o«iKa paaiexi^acb. 
Obi> Bumeirb aarb 6ohku; wb aro BpeMfl McaBopoBOKi* npoa&rB: «II]hbi>, niHfli»! 
3a aro h ^aJiM eMy hmb II]HBriiici>. Cji. IIoTaBHB'B 1. c. IV, crp. 281—232 

1) IIoTaBBHi> 1. c. IV, cxp. 824— 6 {MfiHb HuBraca-pyccKifl uapfc). Hsa^ie 
ib. n, CTp. 149: Ax'b-naAma (pyccxiil uapi>)— cuB'bHuBrHca. 

^ B'L AOcryoBfaix'b HB'fe c6opBHKazi> KasKaacBHX'B npe^aflift b cooTBtTCTsyio- 
luaro paacKaaa Be BCxptTBXb. }Hasi Ba^iaaa cj. <ie<ieBCRoe cKaaaBie o Jlaj'L-CyjiTa 
(C(>opBUK'B CB'^A'^Hifl KaBRascKuxi* Fopuax'B rv, OTA. 11: AxpioBB, Hsi* Menea- 
CKHXT> CKadaBift, cTp. S— 15): Y o^Boro aapB eAHBCTBeBBaB AOHb-KpacasBua, ko- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



314 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlft, 

HHKa, TO cxoACTBo ero uanajbHaro dnHdOAa ci> cooTBiTCTeyiomHMTi 
BTaJibflHCKaro npeAaaifl o6i AiTHjt bi caMOu^ jitit HHTepec'Ho: 
OHO flBHJ0Cb-6ki noAAepacKOH crapoH rnnoTesbi o poACTBt ua/ibflpi, 
uapoAa ypajibCK0-4>HHCR0-TH)pKCK0i noMtcH, cb saraAOHHbiMH bi 
aTHOi7)a<i»HqecKoi]'b CMbicjrb ryHHaMH. Ho rnnoTeda dra 0Ka3biBaeTCH 
jHmeHHot BCflKofi HayiHOH noAKjaAKH: oTOH^ecrBJieHie AByxi> ea- 
poAHOCTeH flBHjiocb npoAyKTOMii BOBOJibuaro CHtineHifl, oCycjOBjeH- 
naro cxoactbomi hxii BCTopHqecKofi pojH, Toa^ecTBOM^ oc^ajiocth 
B ycjOBiil 6biTa. TaKi y«e y jrfexonHCiieB'b, uoBtcTCTByK)I^BX'b o 
MaAbBpcKOMi> norpOMt; a-b XI atict to^acctbo ryHHoai Huaabflpi 
yme BOdBOAeHO 6b]jio a^b BeerpiH bi> dHaneHie o<x»BuiajbHaro at- 
poBanifl ^); a-b HrajiH, rAt Ha6trH MaAbapii pacnpocTpaHBJBCb orb 
4>piyjibCKHxi AAhWb AO rpaHHU'b HeanojATaacKOH ofiiacTH, bxi 
aamecTBie mopjio uerojibKO ofiHOBHTb nanflTb o ryHHCKOM^ norpoMt, 
coAepHsanie cjoacBBiuBxca o Heirb jereaAi), ho BHecTH h hobmh. 
HMeano MaAbapbi mopjih pascKadbiaaTb o cBepx'b-ecrecTBeHHOii'b npo- 
HCXO»cAeHiH CBoero poAoaoro bohcah Arrajibi; HTajbHHUbi nepeBHiH 



Topyio o«i> ci> po}KAeHifl Aepx^HTB B-b aaoepTM; oea hc bhahtt> hh jnoAeR, bm 
cojiuiia; OAHangiiii coAHennbifi iiyHi» npoHBKByji'b cjiynailHO bi} ea aoKofi, h oaa 
yBHA'^a Ha ABopt mojioauzi* JiOAefi, HrpaBznHX'b bi» catHCKH. Oahh'i> uait huxt, 
DpeA'iaraerh ApyroMy sallTu HT0-Hu6yAb ea CB-bT'fe 6tjite CH'lkra; Torb roBOpMTbj 
HTO TaKOBi* JlfWb'CymteL; npu aroifb HMesM bt> BOo6pa»ceHiu uapeBHu CTaJii> pn- 
coBaTbCH o6pa3'b KpacMBaro lOBOum; ona ooKJiiJiacb buAth sa Hero aa-Myxcb, 
craja saAyMHusa h yrpioMa. GjiyHiaHKa paacKasaaa 060 sceM'b i^apio, KOTopufi 
BejiuTb DOcaAHTb cbok> Aoib B-b 6o4Ky CTb HCGJitdHbiMH o6pyH&uu H nycTHTb no 
p%K'&. Uosme OHa BuzoAMrb aa JIfljii>-CyjTa. 

no yRaaaHiio HorMOsa, ohcbhaho nae'feHHHOMy ero jHTepaTypHbiMu, He aa- 
poAHbiMH BOcaoMUHaHiRMu, HepKcccKifl o'fecHH 6yATO-6u coxpanuju oaMflTb 061* 
ATTMJit-Adil; Bi) oahoD obi^ HaseaH'b aGunewh ComiHWbn (?): oFocooAb cHcaJHTca 
n&A'h HaMH^ ropu u aoju — HauiN, 6HHb 6oMcitl cHacTJHBO MHHOBai'b uxi>»; «Hama 
u36paBHaH KOHHBua, oxoTHUKM (?), OTopasHjacb Ki* ATTHjt; KorXa HOHb 6yAerb, 

noftACM'b H Mbl»; (fBAOJIb BUCOKUX'b ropi>, TOHHO ^AOCTHIIUii SB'^SAbl, c6HpaiOTCJI Kh 
ATTUjt HaUlH BOMHbl, HXl* y^apU TOHHO yMpU rpOMa^. Bm^CTJ^ Cb TtMl rOBO- 

pHTCB, HTO CKoaauUi ofi-b ATTHit HHKaKux'B HO coxpaHNJiocb. Ca. Die Sagen und 
Lieder des Tscherkessen-Yolkes, gesammelt vom Kabardiner Schora-Bckmursin- 
Nogmov, bearbeitet u. mil einer Yorrede versehen von A. Berg6. Leipzig 1866, 
crp. 84. 

1) MarczaH, Ungarns Geschichtsquelleu im Zeitalter der Arpaden. Berlin 
1882 cxp. 65. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BdTh HCTOPIB POMAHA H nOB^CTR. 315 

diOTb paacKOd-b HO asuih eMy Apyroe ocetu^eHie: ATTHJia Cbwb nwb 
BparoM'LAeMOHPHecKHii'b; ero qyAecHoe upoHcxoxKAeme 6biJ0 yAep- 
saHO, uo H3i 6osecTBeuHaro h CBepxiecTecTBeHHaro oho CTajo 
npoTBByecTecTBeHHbiM'B: om> yate uecbiHi> cojaoa, a orpoAbe nca. 
TaKi> o6^flCBHerb ce6t D'Ancona (1. c. 230) BBaHMHbiH ox- 
HomeHifl KaBKascRofi h HTajbBHCRofi jereuAi) bt> anesoAt o po}K- 
AeaiH H wb noHHMaHiH Tsna ArrHJibi. Hto HTaju>flHCKoe npeAaHie 
npeAcraBJiHerb AeTepiopamio ero TBna, ci> drmwh nejibSfl ee co- 
rjacBTbca; bcS A'i^Jio B^b tomi>, Kairb DOHSTb ero h KaKii onpeAtjiBTb 
ea rpaHBUbi. MTajbflHCKOMy nepecKamirKy npoHCxoHAeaie orb nca 
Morjio npeACTaBHTbCfl no3opHbiM'b b ohi> cbyMbicjoMi ButHfljii ero 
ATTBjt, MBAbapcKOMy CbiBy cojHua; ho hhtto He Mtmaerb npeA- 
nojOHHTb, iTo jHe Bi MaAbapcKoi jiereHAt om^ Hameji-b ocHOBHbiB 
o^epranifl caoeft, ho 6e3i> oh yxyAmaioiaaro ocBtiaenifl. MoHrojb- 
CRifl poAbi BeAyrb caoe npoHcxosAenie orb jHCHabi, BOJKa, ueABtAH 
H T. n., H 3Ta reneajorifl, ue HAyuiutH bI) yKopi, npHHaAiesHrb 
ApeBHei TpaAHoiH; Afiao roBoparb o cefii, hto dpoh30uijb orb 
CMimeHifl HieHUiHHbi ci> coCaKofi ht. n. MrajbaHCKaH sepcia Morjia 
yAepaiaTb cxoAHbia AanHbia ryuHCKO-iiaAbflpcKaro paacKaaa; ea 
Aerepiopauia orpaHB^HJiacb aii TaKoirb cjyqat jamb rJ^M-b, ^to oaa 
BMtHHjia Bx saaopi), hto nepBoaaqajibHO 6biJ0 SeapasjHHHo jih6o 

CHBTaiOCb B UOHeTHblMl. 

PbaomI) Cb B3MtHeHieMi THDa ArrHJbi BAerb bi jiaxBHCKO- 
xpBCTiaHCKOM'b opeAaHiB orpyGtnie ero xpHcriaHCKaro coAepHaaia. 
Bi aanajt oho dohhto fibuo BAeajbHo, no oSmen cxeMt ApeaaHX'b 
MyneHBHecKHxi HBTifi: Arrajia, HOCHTejb rpySoi asbinecKofi cBJbi, 
nocTynaeTca nepeAi> cbjioh xpHCTiancKaro yfiiacAeHia, aacBBAt- 

TeibCTBOBaHHOH CJIOBOBTb H A^JOMl. StHMI) BAeaJIbHblMl> dJeMeH- 

TOMi> «iyAa aeyAOBieTBopHJHCb nocjtA}'K)nUe nepecaamBKB jiereaA'b 
H BaecJH Bi> aero MOTHBbi rpySaro, aemecTBeHHaro HyAecaaro. 
Bt) acHTia ca Jlyna, HanncaHHOM'b^ KaKi> nojiaraiorb ero yseaH- 
komtj, Arraia nocntmao oxcrynaerb orb Opjieaaa Kb UJaJOHy, 
npoACJtAyeMbifi no naxaMi> Aauiewi, a nepexoAarb Ceay abime 
Tpyi. PaapymeHHbifi a'b npeAHAymie ryHHcaie Ha6trH, fiea-b cxtai 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



316 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

H BoficKa, ropoAi dTOTi He Mori> npoTHBOCTOHTb ryHHaMi); TOPAa 
CB. JIyni> oTnpaBJflercfl Kb AiTHJit h CKioHHerB ero cbohmb MOJib- 
6aMH nomaABTb ropoAi*. MeHCiiy xtM^ ero mmtexB^ ee AOBtpAHCb 
^yHHaM^, pa36pejiBCb no xfecaMi), H.KorAa cb. Jywb aepHyjcn orb 
AiTHJbi, yAepacaBmaro ero. wb KaiecTst sajoacHHKa, ohii Hameji> 
CBOio MBTponojiio nycTbiHHOH. TaKOB^ pascKaai) ApeBueft BCTopn- * 
HecKOH jrereHAbi (Thierry 1. c. 241); Mbi BHAtJW, naKoio ona crajia 
Bi> nosAHtfimeM'b nepecKadt: cBJia yC'kmjifimn daMtHeea HyAokb 
BHesannaro ocjtnjeHiB. Eme AaJite h rjiy6me 6bu'h npouecci 
orpyfitHiH, nocTHrmiS H3BtcTHbi4, rpaHAiosHbifi vb CBoeS upocTorb 
pascKas^ nant JlbBi^, ocTaHOBBBOieM'b Arrnjiy na Seperax^b 
Mincio Moryneio cbjiok) CBoeio cjoaa. B% cpeAHia BtKa ara cii^eHa 
ycTynBja MtcTO Apyrofi: 3a nanofi, 6ectAyK)mHMT> cb Attbjioh, 
flBHJicfl, BHABBibiH euy OAHOMy, o6pa3i an. IleTpa, o6jiaieHHbiH 
Bi> nancKifl pH3bi h cb MeneMi bi pynt. KorAa bohcah AiTBJibi 
ynpeKajH ero 3a ero ycTyniHBocrb 6e3opyatHOMy cxapHKy, oH-b 
OTBtnaerb: ae arorb CBflmeHHBKi noHyAHJi> Mena BepHyrbCB, a 
Apyrofi, CTOBBmifi no3aAH ero h BOopy»eHHbifi Meneui, cyjiRBiniH 
Mat CMepTb, ecjifl a He BcnojHio ero BejtHiH. dra Bepcia jereaAbi, 
HanoMHHaiomaH pa3CKa3i> IocH<i>a 4>Jia6iH h rpe^ecKHXi) AjieKcaHApifi^ 
npHmecTBin AjeKcaHApa B. bi> lepycajiHM'b, ocjo»eHHjiacb bi> cboio 
oqepeAb: na paAy c^ an. neTpoMT> npeACTajT> h an. naaejrb; xa- 
KOBa Bepcifl IlaBia iliaKOHa (VIII b.), ocBameHHaa KHcrbio Pa<&a3JH 
(Thierry 1. c. 236 — 7)- Eme Aajte, h jereaAa ocBBAamH AxTHjibi 
Cb nanofi JIbBOM'b ycxynaja Mtcro Apyrofi: Bi>pa3CKa3t /(.aMacaia ') 
Amua, HHKorAa He AOXOAHBDiifi AO Phmb, CTOHTb noAi>ero CTiHami; 

npOHCXOAHT'b ^CapKBH 6HTBa, BT> KOTOpofi Cb TOft H Cb Apyroft CTO- 

poabi najH act, Kpout ao^Aefi; ao eo^e b% TeneHiH Tpexi AHefi h 
HO'iefi AyuJH naBmBxi npoAOjacaiorb 6opoTbCH ci> npesKHHifb o»cec- 
TOHeaieMT*. 3Ta jereHAa, cjoacHBDiaaca 6biTb MOMcerb bi Abih 



*) Cj. moh K)M<HO-pyccKiH 6ijjHHfai, BUQ. II, cip. 285—6. Ki> npHseAeHHOMy 
y MCHfl (cTp. 286 opHM. 1) paacKasy J^anactiifl o BajHMept, rkio KOTOparo usAa- 
Bajio HCKpu, opMcoeAHBK) H CBHAtTejibCTBo EBCTaoiH (Ae&x&v): BaXipiep Fordo; 
(j?rivdY)po^oXiQffa; ttotI ex tou lEiou acojxaTo; 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ES'h HCTOPIH POMAHA B IIOB^CTR. • 317 

(Thierry I.e. 253) hjih FpeuiH (D'Ancona 1. c. 195), nepeuua Bt 
MTajiiK) H nojiio6Hjack — bI) caMOMi) PsMt: ctajiH noKasbiBaTb 
Bpaxa, y KOTopwxi npoHcxoAHja 6HTBa Ayxosi — HCBHAaaie naobi 
JIbBa ci> Atthjioh nepeHecjocb ci> 6eperoBi> Mincio Ha 6epera 
TaCpa. 

TaK^ (MoacHJiacb puMcnan jiereHAa o6^ ATXHjt, h oea MaHBia 
Kb noApaHceniK). Amijia HHKorAa He oca»cAajii PaBennbi, ho Pa- 
BCHHa Hejajia Cbixb hmi oca«AeHHOfi (Thierry 1. c. 246 cjtA.); 
<i»BrypHpoBaTb B-b jereuAapHOH BCTopin AiTBJbi 6biJ0 cBoero po- 
AOMi oTjHqieMi, h ropoAii, conepHHqaBuiifi bi> nojHTHqecKOMi h 
uepKOBHOMi> OTHomeHiH ci> Phhom-b, HeHcejiaji OTCTaearb orb Hero. 
Bi IX'ifb BtKt Agnellus pa3CKa3bi6aeTi> naMi o noHBJieHiB noAii 
PaBeHHofi ryHHCKRXi nojiqHm'b: hxi TaKi> mhopo, hto ^0A^ hhmh 
He BHAHO 3eMJH, KaKi necqanafl AOJHHa HC^eaaerb noAi* Ty«ieH ca- 
panqH, e6 o6jiei:mefi. BnepeAH Bctxi AxTHja na 6oraTO-y6paHHOM'b 
KOHt, saKOBaHHbifi BisoioTbie jiaTbi, cxmHTOMi> Bipynt, ci6jec- 
Tfln^BM'b cyjiTaHONi) na nueMt. HcnyranHbiH eriHCKoai ropoAa, 
loaHHi, MOJiHTCfl o6^ oTBpau^eHiH onacHOCTH H, cjitAya 6biBuieMy 
eMy BHA^HiK), BbixoABTi Ha sapt bo pjaBt AyxoBencTBa, OA'i^xaro 

Bl> fitjblfl pH3bl, t-h KpeCTOSTb, XOpyfBHMB H KaAHJIbHHUaMH B OpH 

ntniH ncajiMOBi HanpaBjBeTCfl ki CTany Atthju. Ohi> wh to BpeMB 
Aepsajii> BoeHHbiH coBtrb bi caoeMi maTpt; ntnie nopa3Bjio epo, 
ueGbiBajioe apijiBme BbisBajio Bonpocb: kto dth Gtjibie jik)ah, nyAa 
HAyrb H Hero orb MeHfl xoxflrb? Kto-to h3i ero oKpyHtenia, fiojite 
ApyPHxi) snaKOMbiH ch oSbiqanMS h <t»pa3eojiopieS xpHCiiau^, OTBt- 
Haerb: 3to dnBCKon'b, HBJBioiiiificfl, HT06bi yMOJiBTb Te6fl aacBoaxi 
A*Teft, «HTejiefi PaBennbi. ATXHja neAoyMtBaex'b, pasPBtBani 
HeyMtcTHoft myxKofi, 3a Koxopyio myTHBKi> noujaxHTCii: Mo»eexi>-jiH 
y OAHoro qejOBtKa 6bixb xanoe MHOMcecxBo Atxefi? Ewy oCihc- 
HaioxT>, Hxo 3X0 A'^TH — HO 6jiaroAaxH, b AxxHJia ycnoKOHjicfl ; KOPAa 
enHCKOD'b HBBJiCB, CKJOHflCxcH Kh epo npocbSt — HomaAHXb ropoA'b. 
Ho Bbi xBxpbi Ha BbiAyMKH (ingeniosi et solertissimi), roBopBxi> 
owh enHCKony: cxanexe pa3CKa3biBaxb, hxo npoBejH Menn h npopnajH; 
Bi> coctABBxi) ropoAaxi) noBtpflxi>, qxo h aaci HcaypajcH, a dxo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



318 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

noBpeABjio-6bi MHt H MoeMy bohckj. CAtjafire teki: nocntmHTe 

HadEAl, CHBMHTe CI KpK)KOBl> BCt TOpOACKIH BOpOTa H OOBajETe 

Hxi> Ha 3eMJiK); Kor^a orb Bamefi orpaAM ocranyTCH oAHt JHmb 
crfcHbi, a Bcxynjiio bt* ropoA'b h npOBAy *iepe3i Hero, ne CAtJiaBi» 
BaHi) HHKaKoro sja. 

PaBeHHCKifi enHCKonT> npeACTaBjfleTCfl bi Hamefi jereHAt 6110- 
CTHTejieM'b npaBocjiaBifl : ohi> AepsHTii kx Arrajt ptnb cahho- 
cymHOCTH Oxiia h Cbma h rtMi ciuoHBerb ero ki> srajfocepAiiQ. 
Pbmi He Morit ocTaBirrb 3a PaBeHHofi dToi cjaBbi — h mm npHcyr- 
CTByeiii> npH uoboh HeTaMopoost jrereHAbi, BHymeHHofi aepKOBHbiMH 
aHTHnaTiHMR: enHCRonx IoaHHi> ne ToibKo cxHSMaTHRi, ho b apiflHHHi>; 
DbiTaioQ^iHCfl CBoeio nponoBtAbK) ofipaTBTb Annjiy Kb epecB; KorAa 
0Hi> HacTaBHJTb ero, OHepHHBi> B^b rjaaax^b saBoeBarejiA BtpoBcno- 
BtAanie h xapaKTepi^ nanbi Jlbsa, OE'b npeAJiaraerb CAaTb ATTHjrfe 
PaBeHHy h HMnepaTopcKyio Kasny, ecjH on^b noHAerb na Pnirb h 
HBroHHTb orryAa nany-epeTHKa. ArrHia OTDpaBifleTCH, ho no ao- 
port BCTptqeHi> cb. JlbBOMi, KOTopbifi Bi> CBOK) o^iepeAb o6pa- 
maeTCfl k% HOMy cb noy^eHieM^ h pacKpbiBaerb eHy HeBtpie h ko- 
BapcTBO paBeHHCKaro epeciapxa. O'ncpbiB'b o6MaHi>, paarntBanHbift 
AxTHJia BosBpamaeTCfl Bcnnrb, 6eperb PaBeHHy npHcrynoMi* h oGi^- 
HBjflerb: hto tslki^ 6yAerb nocrynaTb co BCflKHM'b, oTsepraiomHM'b 
npaBOBipie nani> h rjiaBOHCTBO pBMCKaro npecTOja. 

KsLKb paBeHCKafl h nocjitAHflH pHMCKan jereHAa o6i> Arniit 
OAOjaceHbi CBOHMi> opoHCxoacAeHieM'b aepKOBHOfi pacnpt, 6yAT0-6bi 
HMi> paaptmeHHOH, tbhI) B^b ApyroM^b cjynat ero hmh BHeceno 6bijio 

Bl> HCTOpiK) ApeBHflFO nOJHTHHeCKaPO COnepHHHeCTBa TOCKanCKHX'b 

ropoAOBi) MesKAy co6ok), cjyaca irb ero oGiBCHeHiio — h cjroaaijiHCb 
H3BtcTHbiH jereHAbi 4>JopeHiuH H 4>be30ie. Y Malispini ^) pas- 



1) Hae-fecTHO, hto Scheffer-Boichorst, paaeHBaa coMei^Hie, sucKaaaHHoe cra- 

PUMH HTaibflHCKHMH RpHTHKaMH, Vh CHJbHOft ICi^p-l^ 3aQ0A08pRJl> nOAJHBBOCTIt 

jitTonBCH Ricordano Malispini, xoTopyio o6i>flBJiflerB ooAioxiHoft oepeA^jiKoi 
zpoBBRB BBJuaflB. Taxi) Kaxi* TeKcn. nocjtABeft eme Be B3AaHi> KpBTB<iecRB, 
TO ptmeaie Bonpoca, xpalae BtpoBTBoe, cjm,h no conocraBJieBiBM-b Scheffer-Boi- 
horst'a, ne uomerh enxfi 6uTb npnanaBO oROB'taTejbBuic'b. FoBopio dTO bi o6i>- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3^ HCTOPIH POMABA H nOBtCTH. 319 

CKa3biBaeTCfl, <rro 500 Jitrb cnycT^ no CMepTH KaTRjiHHbi, SMeHH- 
TbiH H MorymecTseHRbifi Mjm'bj no HMeHH AiTBJia flagellum Dei, 
apBmejii> cb 200-TbicflHHbiifi> BoircKOM'b ofiHOBHTb ropoAi) Fiesole 
H paspyioHTb ^JopeHaiK) bi> HaKaaaHie 3a noHomeHie, yqEHeaaoe 
TaMTi'KaTBJBHt. BoBAB Bi> ropoAi> XHTpocTbio, OBI) BejTb 6oJbinyio 
Apyac6y c-b <i»jiopeBTiftaaMB, OAapBB bxi> b npBrjamaH aa napbi; 

OAHa»(AbT, inOBBaBl) KI Ce6t CaMblX^b pOAOBBTblX'b B3^ hbxi>, ori> 

aejiji) cpySBTb BM^b rojioBy, no lutpii Toro, KaKi ohb BBjBJBCb 
OABHi 3a ApyrBM I, a Tpynbi Gpocarb bi> pyKaBi^ Apso, OTBeAesHbiB 
Kii ero ABopi^ B JBmb sa ropoAOMi^ CHOBa BnaAaBinifi wb rjaBHoe 
pyc40^). CoBepmBBi 3T0, ATTBJianpBBBicfly6BBaTbBcl^xi>6e3'bpa3* 
6opa, craparo b Majiaro, noAHcerb ropoA'b cb ceMH KOflaeBi, a caM'b 
yAajBJiCfl Ha Mtcro, ta* npeacAe cxoflj'b ropoAT> Fiesole, KOTopwB 
oCcrpaBBaerb na hobo, qTo6bi AOcaABTb pBMJBflaifi> b bxi> ropoAy 

4>JI0peHIliB, KOTOpblB OHB OOhOBBJIB JBIBb BO CMepTH AlTBJIbl. Bbl- 

CTynBBi jUB'b 4>be30Jie obi> OTnpaBHJce bi> MapeMMy, rjifk b yMepii. 
y Hero 6bua Jibicafl rojioBa b co6mbin yora; nasbiBajCH ohi Bello, 
6biJi> aapeMi> di Valdel, poahjica bi> FotIh (nella provincia di 
Gozia), a ajracTBOsaJTb HaAi> UlBeaiefi, IlaHHOHiefi, BeBrpieH b ^a- 
Hiefi. A 6bijio 3T0 npH nant cb. JIbBt bi 450 roAy no P. X. 

GMtmenie bii dTOMi^ pa3CKa3rfe ArrBJibi ci> Tothjiob BecoMHtHHo 
(D'Ancona cxp. 188); bi> caM0Mi> AtJt: ho ATXBja, a BoeHanajb- 
HBKB ToTHJibi ocascAajH 4>JiopeHaiK) Bi> 542 r.; npo3Bflme Bela 
npBnflCbiBaercfl HtKoropbiMB jtTonHCiiaMfl ToTBjit, ho AiTBjt, b 
jnimb oepBOMi) bsb^ctho, ito ohi> cKOHsajcfl bi> MapeMut. Bi* 
HtKOTopbixi> pyKonBCflXi> Malispini Jiun Tothjim croHTb BMtcTO 
AtTHjibi; BT* OAHOft HixaeTCfl TaKT>: Attile overo Totile. 

To-Hce CMimenie naxoABTb ByBflJuaHH^). Pa3CKa^aB^0T0M'b, 



jiCHeHie oocjitAOBaTeiibBOCTH, bt> xoTopofi flBJifleTCfl y iieHH paacKaau Malispini h 
Yillanl. Cj. D'Ancona 1. c. cxp. 185 citju 

1) Cl. CXOAHUft MOTHB'B B'B tfOirapCKOfl OOB'J^CTH OiS'b HMOepaTOpt 4>0R'&. 

Cj. }KypB. Mhh. Hap. IIpocB. h. CCXXXIi Husapb, CTp. 79. 

^ Oho 0611IHHO H y Apyrux'B OBcaTejiefi ero BpeneHH. IIo paacKasy Armannioo 
(Fiorita, Ck)nto XXXIII) Perugia h Apyrifl ropoA% 6iiIjh paapymeHu «al tempo di 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



320 A. H. BECEJIOBCKfi, 

KaKi> Bela, no opo3BaHiio Totile, Kopojib saHAajOBi h fotobi, 
y6wb CBoero fipara, jtTonHcem> aeAerb ero ri> ocait AKSHjeVy 
roBopHTb ropoAaxi), B3flTbixi> HMi Bi> AOjnmt Ho; TOJibKO Mo- 
Aeea cnacjiacb iyAOMi> cb. FeMBflbflHa. 3aMyHHBi> bi BojOHbt eoH- 
CKona, CB. IIpoKOja, Arnija nanpaBjAercB ki> 4>JiopeBaiH; mothbi 
NecTH 3aKa:nriBHy daMtaeH'b s^tcb ApyrHMi>: MmeHieiii> sacMeprb 
roTCKaro Kopojfl PaAarafica, npeAmecTBeBHBKa ATTiubi, yGsraro 
Bii Tofi o6jacTH. /l,ajibHiHniit paacKasi o ^JiopeHain h Fiesole 
TOTb-ae, 1T0 H y MaJiBcnRHH; cjtAyerb nepeqenb ApyrnxT* ropo- 
A0Bi>, pa33opeHHbix^ Attrjoh, Bcrptna cb nanoH JlbBoifb, BHAtaie 
AByxi qyAecHbixi) CT4piieBi>, sa uHM-b CTOflBmBX'b^ paacKaai o pa3- 
pymeHHofiapKii, apeACTaBBBmeficfl bi» BHAtHin HMneparopy Map* 
Kiaay bi> HO^ib, bi> Koropyio yMepi> Atthja. Ero K0H<iHBa TO«e 
iipiypoieHa ki Mapeuiit, ho HHbie ro^oparb, npH6aBJieerb xbro- 
iiHceai>f TTO 0Hi> Bepnyjicfl bi> IlaHHOHiio, rAt h CKOHsajca bhg- 
3anH0. CMtmeHie ArrHJbi cb ToTBJioff npoAOJ»caeTCfl h Aajrbe, b6o 
BCJtAi> 3a ToTflJoi Bi> HCTopiB HamecTBiH na Hrajiiio Ha3Bani> r» 
TeoAopRxi) BejiEKifi^ 

EaBB-JB M0»H0 COMHtBaTbCH, HTO B'b ClftmeHiH ATTHJIbI Cb 

ToTBJot TO^Ky ornpaBJieHiH npeACTaBHJfb nepBbifi, nun nocjitAHHro 

HBBJOCb CiyHafiHOK) CBfl3bi0 Cb BOCflOMBHauieMl o6i ocaAt ^JO- 

peHQifl BT> 542 roAV. BtpoBTHO, orb ArrBJb] Ha ToTBjy nepeee- 
COHO 6bijio B npo3BHme Bello; D^Ancona ycTpauHJi b MHtoie Thierry, 
BHAtBHiaro Bi> Hcifb HapnaaTejbHoe bello, necorjiacHMoe cb HTajb* 
flHCKBMi npeACTaBjeeicMi oO'b Atthj*; ho qxo xaKoe Bello, Belo, 
Bela? EcjiH 3to BeHrepcKoe Bela, HeB3BtcTH0 KaKHMi o6pa30Mi> 
npBMKHyBmee ki> HMeHB AmiJibi, to HTaibiiHCKaH JiereuAa o Hem 
coxpaHHja KaKi B'b aTofi ooapoChoctb, TaKT* h B'b co3ByHiH pas- 
CKa3a ero po»AeHiB cb KaBKaacKoa cKasKofi, neptbi 3axo«aro^ 



Totyle, lo quale, cbome io dissi, verameate fu flagello di Dio». BaocjitACTBiM Pe- 
ragia 6huti OTCTpoeea opu imnepaTopt K)cTiiHiaBt ero lutHHHKaif u: re di Persia 
H re di Roscia; orb hxi> nMen'b, 67j^to-6ej, nomjio naaeaHie ropoAa, xo Ttx-b Dop'b 
HasuBaBinarocH Tyberia. — daM-bTHin., hto Armannino DOMto^aerb ArTsiy = 
ToTHjy AO KoBCTaHTHHa BeJBKaro. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB-feCTH. 321 

BipoflTHo BeerepcKaro npeAama. Momerb 6biTb h IlaBjiHMHpi, no 
npoBBHmy Bello, Bi>xpoHHKi^KJflHaa, TaKoi-ace — Bela: c<Pauli- 
mirus jam juvenis effectos coepit esse valde robustus et fortis 
hellator, ita at in civitate Romana nullas ei esset similis, unde 
parentes ejus, uec non alii Romani coeperunt ilium valde diligere 
immutaveruntque nomen ejus et imposuerunt ei nomen BeUOj 
eo quod bellum facere valde delectabatur*. 3a dToi, oneBHABo, 
no3AHefi STHMOJioriefi, saiitueHHOH BnocjitACTBiE Apyroi (bello: jr§- 
nbii y KaHHqa), ctoajio nepsoHaqajbHO cosByHHoe, saxoacee hmb, 

BCrptHeHHOe^ 6bITb MOHerb, AyKJIBHCKHBTb npeCBHTepOMTi Bl> OAHOITb 

Hsi CBOHxi BCTOHHBKOBi>: Hbellus OotboFum ^). 

Oeo6eHByK) CHMnaTiKf BCTptTBja jeresAa o6i> Airajt bi> ct* 
Bepaofi Hrajia: BearepcKie Ha6irH o6HOBHjra SKbcb BocnoMHaaaie o 
CTpamHOMi) saBoeBaTejt, cb HMeHeni KOToparo coeABHBjiocb npe- 
Aaaie o6i ocBOBaniB BeeeaiH jRwreiHMU paapymeHHbix'b Attbjoio 
ropoAOBi). AKBBJiefiabi 6yAT0 6bi BBHjracb cioAa cb cbohmi> enHCRO- 
noMit BO pjaBt H Mon^aMH cb. EpMaropa b ^opTynara b ocijracb 
Bi FpaAo; Caorle (Caprula) ocHOBaaa Stpjiei^aMB aai) KohkopaIb h 
Oderzo (Opitergium), Eraelea BbixoAuaMB ms-b Feltre b Oderzo, 
npBHecmBMB ci> co6ok) b rbio cb. CTe<i»aHa; naAyaacide KOBcyjibi 
Simeone dei Glauconi a Antonio Calvo da Limiana noJoacajB 
ocaoBaaie PopoAy Rialto a t. n. aBeaeiUH npeAcraajiajiacb TaKBMii 
o6psi3owb B03pocmefi m'b H£ajiKaxi> 0CTaTK0Bi> cbhtopo paMCRaro 
ctueaa, a poAOBBTbie jioab a aapoA'b nopjb oAaaaaoBO KaqarBCfl, 
«iTO 61 Hxi sBjiax'b iflCTaa jaTBHCKan apoBb aecMtmajacb ci>Bap- 
BapcKowD (D'Ancona 1. c. cxp. 257 — 61). TaKOBa bt* cymaocxa, 
HAea pasHOodpasBbixi jiereHAi> o6i> ArrBJit^ xapauTepabixii Aia 
ctBepaofi HTajia: npoTBBonojiOHeHie asbiHecKaro a xpacTiaacKaro 
MOMeBTOB-b, cymecTBeaaoe, KaKT> aaAtja, h,m acero axoro uaajia 
CKaaaaia, nojynajio bi Hiajria Apyryw, aacuoaajibByio oapacay a 
omyiuaerca, aaai npoTaaonojOHceaie aapoAHO-JiaTaacKapo aanaia 
BceMy BapaapcKOMy. 

^) Cj. moh XopsaTCKiH ntcHH PoAOCjaet JlasjoBBHi^ h UTaJibJiHCEifl ooaMu 
o ratBHOiTB Pa^o, Bi>}KypH. Mhh. Hap. IIpocB., h. CCI, HHBapb, crp. 97, 99, lOa 
GtfopuBS n Ofx. H. A. a. 21 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



322 A. H. BECEJbBCKlfi, 

Bi> cl^eepHOH HTajiiH h, Ttcnte, bI) Benei^iaHCKofi oGjiacTH cjt* 
AyerB ncKaTb n ea^aja jiHrepaTypHOH o6pa6oTRH HtcTHbix'b Jie* 
reHAT> oCt ATTHjrfe. Hcropifl axott o6pa6oTKn eme He BbiflcneHa b^ 
HacTHOCTflX'b (D'Ancona, 1. c. crp. 263 cjitA.); bt> oCmnx'b nep- 
Tax^ OHa npeACTaBJiflexcH cjifeAJiomeft: wb ochob* jteTRHTh cocra- 
BjeHHMH, BipoBTHO, eme BO 4>paHK0-HTajrbBHCKiH nepioAi) JiHrepa* 
Tj'pHaro pa3BHTifl ctBepHOH MTajiH, ApeBHifi cboaI) JiereHat, aBxo- 
poMi> KOToparo 6bijii> KaK0H-HE6yAb HapoAHbiH ntBei;i> h3i> IlaAyH 
HJB TpeBB3CKofi MapKH. Bi^ OABofi pyKonBCH 6H6jiioTeKH CB. MapKa, 
XIV BiKa (cl. X cod. XCVI), eu^e coxpaHHjiacb, noAii sarjaBie&i'B 
Histoire de Atile, <t»paHay3CKafl npoaaHnecKae noBtCTb, nona CjBHce 
He paaoGpaHHafl. Hai cxaparo 4>paHiiy3CKaro opHrHHajia nomejrb 
jaTHHCKifi nepecKasT*, Historia Atilae, HaxoAamifica b% pyKomicH 
AMBpociaecKOH fiBfijioTeKH, XV BtKa, J\6 0,73 Sup. Ci jaraH- 
CKaro TeKCTa nepeBeAena 6bija HrajibflHCKan napoAHan KHHra o6i» 
AiTHjt, ApeBHtfimee HSAaHie Koxopoi bocxoahtb ktj 1472 roAy: 
Incomincia il libro di Attila el qual fu inzenerato da uno cane: 
Etpoi domentre la matre se marido a uno barone, Atila nascete: 
come el destrusse Altin e molte altre citt& e in quel tempo fu 
principiata Venesia. Opera impressa per maestro Gabriele de 
Piero e maestro Phylippo suo compagno in Venecia Adi XX Ze- 
naro M.CCCC.LXX.II. B'b Konat axoro H3AaHifl qHxaioTCfl ciOBa: 
Finisse la historia d'Attila flagellum Dei translacta de lingua 
frdncesca in latina de parola in parola I'anno delta incarnation 
del nostro Signor m. lesu Cristo MCCCCLXXI. — Ki KOHoy 
XVI-ro Btna othochtcb CTHxoTBopHaa napa<i»pa3a axoft noBtcxe, 
HSBtcxHbifi HxajbHHCKoft poemctto, ycxpaHHBmifi h3i> HapoARaro 
o6pan\eHifl CBofi HCxoHHHK'b h HMtBmifi qtjibift pflAi> ctBepHO- b 
cpeAHenxajibflHCKHX'b HaAaniH, HaiHHaa cb nepBaro, Venezia, 1583. 
Poemetto nocjiyHCHjrb cb CBoed cxopoHbi opHFHHajiOM'b napOAHO* 
ApaMaxHHecKOH nbect, maggio, o6i> AxxHJi. "* 

TaKOBa HapoAHBH, hjh CKopte, nojiyHapoAHaa cxpya bt> jraxe- 
paxypHoM HcxopiH HxajibflHCKOH JiereHAbi o6i> Axxgjii. Oaa fifasi 
noBOAi> Ri) ocoGoMy, mKOJibHO-opHABopHOMy pa3BHxiio; eMy noAJe* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 323 

auua Bi oco6eHHOCTH ra cropoHa HTaibHHCKHxi jfereHAi>, Koxopaii 
BOSBeiHHHBaia SHa^eme napoAHO-jaTHHCKaro ajeMeera bi> 6oph6'i 
(n> HHonjeMeHHHKaMH, a bi> HeS naHATb o tomi> hjh ApyroMi> uicT- 
HOATb repot, poAOEaqajbHHKt KaKoro-Hfl6yAb MicTHO-HTHMaropoAa. 
3th nauflTH motrbo 6huo padBBTb h npiyMHOxcHTb — bi> ycjiyaceHiH 
npHABopHO-AHHacTHHecKOH iitiH; TaKi> CAtj(aJii> Nicolao da Casola 

B1> DpOCTpaHHOfi <I»paHI^3CK0H n03Mt 06l> AlTHJli, HanaTOH HM-b Bl) 

1358 roAy h noKa He HSAaHHoft. MaxepiajOMij eny nocjiy^Hjrb 
CTapo*paHiiy3CKift xeKcrb jereuAw, ho b^ hcS ohi BHecb h HOBbie 
3nH30Abi, Ha3HaHeHHbie npocjaBBTb poAi* Scxe h ero poAOHaiajb- 

HHKa ForeStO, OAHOFO H31> npOXHBHBKOBl> AxXHJIbl. HaCKOJbKO OHX» 
pyKOBOAHJICH npH 3X0MI AtfiCXBHXeJbHO JiereHAapHblMH MOXHBaMH, 

He nonaBQiHMH bi> ApesHiS CBOA'b lereHAM, Ha CKOJbKO npocxo co- 
HHHflJii> BT> yroAy cboh uijiH — ptmHXb xpyAHO. Ero repoft Fo- 
resto, BbiBeAeHHbiH hmi phaomi cb Giano napoAHofi xpaAHiUB, xaKi> 
H ocxajCH npHHaA^exHOCxbH) xpaABain jraxepaxypnofi : 

II buoQ Foresto, dell' Italia Ettore, 
KaKi Doexi newb Tacco. Histoire de Atile cpaBHHBaexi> cb FeK- 
xopoMi CBoero Gilius'a = Giano, ho bi pt^B, Koxopofl nocjitAHifi 
oCoApnex-b cbobx^ copaxHBKOBT>, y«e Bbicxynaexx 6yiym\^ opeoji. 
3cxe: He prince d'Est et uos seignor uaillant! 

06paxHMi> BBBNado na niKOxopbie dnH30Abi ctBepno-HxaibflH- 
CKoft earn 061^ AxxH^t. 

Pietro Alighieri npiypoHHBaexT> ero CMepxb irb Phmhhh; Apy- 
rofi KOMMenxaxopi BoscecxBeHHofi ROMeAiH, lacopo della Lana, 
pa3CKa3biBaexi> newb, hxo oui> npoKpajcfl bi ropoAi xa9K0Hi> 
H nepeoAtxbifi h Boniejii> bii JOAHciio, rAt nrpajiH bii maxMaxbi; 
OAHHi) miy HrpoKOBi npB3Hajii> ero h nojio^cHjn) na Htcxt yAapoBfb 
maxuaxHOB aockb. 3xo npeAame, H3Bi;cxHoe no Histoire de Atile, 
noBxopeHHoe h ApyrHMH xoiKOBaxejiBMH ^anxe, pa3CKa3biBaji0Cb 
eme BT, XVn BtKt Bi Rimini ct> atjbiMT> paAOBTb xonorpa4>H- 
HecKBxi) noApo6HOCxeft: AxxHJa npoKpaAbiBaexcfl bt* ropoAi* cb 
AtjbK) ocMOxpixb ero; noAXOAHxi> Kh apKt della Madonna del 
Giglio, TAt Bi» xo BpeMfl ntcKOJibKO BoeRaHaibRiKOB'b HrpajH bi> 

uigmzed by VjOOQIC 



324 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

maxMaTbi; yAa^HBifi xoai oahopo h3i> HrpoKOBi> 3acTaBiui> ero 
3a6biTb CBoeMi incognito h ohi npoBtu^HJCH — necbHifB rojo- 
cowbj y3HaHi> H o6e3rjaBJieHi> na BbicoROMi> oKHt naiaiwo, npea^e 
npHHaAie»caBmaro CuHniOHy Thhpojih, Hbiet JIoMneio di Giulio 
Cesare H3'b xoro-ate poAa (D'Ancona cxp. 199 — 200 HnpiM.). — 
Rimini en^e pa3'b BcxptTHTCfl HaMi> bi ji^reHAt, pa3CRa3biBaK)oqeft 
atjiOATb pflAt ropoAOBi, m6o nocTpoeHHbixi> 6trjei^aMH, cnacaB- 
mHMHCfl orb ryHBOBi> {mKb Ferrara)^ jib6o padpymeeHbixi) hmh, KaKi> 
MflJiaH'b, Tbhbho, IlaBifl, EepraMO, Bpeinifl, IlbflqeHua, KpeMona, 
Berpa(l.c.CTp. 201 — 204). paspyraefliB Axre job MHjaaa roBo- 
pflTblopAani; coxpasBJiBCb mojetbu ajih orBpaiuema BpancbflroBa- 
mecTBifl— HaHeKAOTb CBBAbi: 6yAT0 yBBAtB^ B-bMfljaHt KapxBBy, 
^ H306pa»aBmyK) ckboob^ y Horb pBMCKBX'b BMnepaTopoBi, AiTBja 
no3BaJi HBBonBcaa b fiejtji> naiiBcaTb cefifl na npecTOJit, a i^eca- 
pet, HAyn^Hxii Kb uemj crb MtioKaMB Ha njieqaxi, nojiBbiiiB Bojora. 
ToFAaKaKiApyrie BraJibflHCKie ropoAa, BBJwwmiecB B-berojre- 
reHAt, KB«iBJiflCb CBOBMi JiaTBHCKBMi npoBCxoaeAeHieMi>, o6i> Udine, 
KaiTb H Fiesole, pa3CKa3biBajifly Haofioporb, hto oh^ nocTpoeai ca- 

MBBfbATTBJOfi: SaHBTblfi OCaAOB AKBBJieB OHl) Bbidpajii nococtACTBy 
AOJBBy, TAt HbiHt CTOBTb Udine, ^06bl nOCTpOBTb TaM^ KptnOCTb 
Ha 3BM0BKy CBoeMy BoficKy, fl Hejian B03BecTB eg HasbicoKOM'bMtcTt, 
BiTpBAHBHacBinaj'bxojM'bH3i> BCMJB H KaMHeH, npBHeceHHbixi> ero 
BOBHaMB Bi iuBTaxi> H mjeMaxi. IIpeAaHie 3to aojfo coxpasBjocb— 
Bi> HasBaeie oahoh ApeBHefi, BtpoflTuo, phmckob 6amHH: Torre di 
Attila, B eHy-Hce npBHBcaH'b 6bijrb mieMi>, HaHAeHHbiH B'bXVI-Mi 
BiKt Bx BacbiHB, 6yAT0 6bi BMi coopyHeHBbift (I.e. cxp. 205—7). 
OAHBM'b 831 nepBbixi) ropoAOBi>, BcnbiraBmBxi y»cacM ryHH- 
CKaro BamecTBiH, 6bija AKBBjefl, KorAa-TO cccaput Italiae», kjiohi 

KT) efl BOCTO^HblMl OGJiaCTHM'b H 3Ha<]BTeJIbfl0e TOprOBOe MtCTO, 

Hbiflt fitAHBfl puSai^Kafl AepeBymKa (I. c. crp. 207 cjtA.)- Ofla 
xaicb AOJro conpoxHBjBjacb AxxBJit, ocaABBmeMy eS bi> 452 roAy, 
«]xo OHi y»e noMbiffljHJi o6t> oxcxyojeHiB, Hxo6bi He nonacxbCB 
MeTRAy BOHCKaMB BMoepaxopa MapKiaua b Adi^Ih. JlereHAa no- 
Mtuiaexi 3Atcb BHeKAOTb, nepeAaiomificB xaKHce b o6i ocaAt AI- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fl3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 325 

tino: AiTHja 3aBftTHJT> OAHazsAbi acypaejeft, BbijeTaBiDHXCfl hsi 
ropoAa^ 06'bHcmi'b CBOHMi, nro ujunfA ara noKHAaioTB cboh 
retsAa juimb uouyTKjifiBnbin KiTOMy fojoaostb. 9to oCoaphjio ryH- 
HOBi: (TB H3MopeHHb]BfH HCHTejflMH jePRO 6yji,eTb cnpaBHTbCfl; ro- 
poAi) A^HCTBHTe JbHO B3flTB npHCTynoMi H pa3pymeHi> ao ocHoaaHiH. 
droTb pa3CKa3T> o6i> aKBHJeHCKOMT> CHA'i^HiH Bcnbiraji pnAi* 
HacJoeHifi: paacKaabiBaercfl o HtKoefi Hceet Degna, CpocHBmeficfl cb 
BbicoTBi 6amHB Bi) ptKy Natisone, Aa6bi cnacTH cbok) lecTb (Hist, 
miscella); o TOin>, KaKi b'b OAey Bai cbobxi HO^Hbixi pasatAOKi 
Bi ropoAt ATTHja lyTb He nonajCH bi pyra aparoB'b: dphcjohbb- 
lOBCb Kb cTtei, cb jyKOifb B'b pyKt, Me^eM'b B'b syfiax'b, CBepKaa 
FJiadaBfH, OHi oTfiBBaeTCH orb eanaAaiomnx^, b^ pyKax'b KOTopbix'b 
ocTaBHJfb CBofi lujeMi. — no3AHtBiiiie pascKasbi CA^jiajiH Hs-b 
ocaAbi Akbbjch o6ii(e0TajibflHCKoe a^jto: K'b ea BjiacTBTejuo, Me- 
nappo, K'b ero Cpaxy Antioco (jb6o: Orioco, Orico, B'b HMeHH ko- 
Toparo D'Ancona BHAHTb Erico, *piyjibCKaro repi^ora, cxp. 214, 
npHM. 1; Bi Histoire de Atile: Menapus, Ariochus) npHxo- 
AHTb Ha noMOu^b npeACxaBHTejiH Apyrnx'b HTajbflHCKHXi> ofijiacrefi: 
Rimini oocbuaerb bo rjast oxpflAa Gualtieri, AHKona Raffaello, 
4>aHO-Bertologi; B'b HMenuTbix'b ceubflX'b 4>piyjiH h Benei^iaH- 
CKOH ofijacTH MorjH AepnaTbCfl ropAeJiHBbiB opeAaHifl, hto HX'b 
npeAKH 6HJHCb Cb Atthjoh, h ecjiH Casola HasbiBaerb HX'b no 
HMeHaM'b, Bi> ero HSMbimjieHifl npHAercn yAtJiBTb if&CTO h poAO- 
BbiMi), xoTfl 6bi H ^aHxacTHqecKHMi BocnoMHHaHiflM'b. Menappo ct> 
fipaxoM'b AOJroe apeMH Aepsaxcfl; OAHamAu Menappo lyrb He 
yCHjfb ATTHJbi, KOToparo cnacJH noAOcn'feBraie ryHHbi; yCtAHBraHCb, 
HTO AajbH-J^Hmee conpoTHBjeHie HeMbicjHMo, aa^HTHHKH ropoAa 
xafiHO yAa4HK)TCfl na KopaCjHX'b, nanpaBjancb K'b FpaAO, a na no- 
KHHyrbix'b CTtHax'b nocTaaHJH A^peBHHHbifl KyKJibi, B'b mjieMt h 
Aocntxaxi, KOTopbix'b nparn npHHHMawTb aa nacoBbix'b — noKa 
oxoTHH^iH coKOJ'b, copBaamiHCfl Cb nep^aiKH oahofo ryHna, ne 

OnyCTHJCH Ha rOJIOBy oahofo Ha'b MHHMblX'b BOHHOB'b. AKBHjea 

B3flTa, rpaCeafb h noHcapx ajhtch Aecnxb AHeft; no OAHOMy M'fecT- 
HOMy npeAaniK), AepncaBmeMycfl emfi neAaBHO, aKBHjefiubi, npescAe 



Digitized by'VaOOQlC 



326 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

H^M-h yAaJBTbCH, CXOpOHHJIH BCt CBOH ApaTOatHHOCTH Bl HapOHHO 

AiH Toro BbipbiTOMi KOJiOAilt, KOTopbiS flOTOMi dacbinsuni: Eo^e 
Bi HRHajt Hamero CTOJiTia b% HOTapiajbHuxi aKraxi AKBHjen 
npH Kynjt h npoAa^t aeMJin npo;iaBeai BbiroBapHBaji ce6t o6ja- 
AaHie TtMi KOJOA^eMi — ccjir 6bi naqe HaflHin ohi Cbixb HaHAeHi>. 
Yme Bi noBtcTH o6i ocaA'i^ AKBHJeH Bbicrynaerb Ha cueey 
MU,o, BOKpyri KOToparo dniiHecKH coeAHHHiHCb BOcnoMHHaeifl o6% 
HTajibaHCKOMT> HapoAHOM'b DOA^eMt B^ nopy 6opb6bi ci Atthjjoh: 3to 
BjacTHTCJb, uapbllaAj'HAegidius, Gilius, HHane lanusius, Genusius, 
Jano, Giano ^). Scardeone (De Antiquit. urbis Patavii 1. 3, cl. XIII) 
HasbiBaerb ero «Ilutenum principem)); olegitur hunc Genusium 
Datum esse anno salutis quadringentesimo decimosexto ex pro- 
genie Vitaliani et patre Valerio ex matre Lavina, dicuntque in 
ejus ortu nova in coelo prodigia apparuisse, atque eadem nocte 
e stabulo patris equum fugisse qui numquam amplius potuit re- 
peririi) (D'Ancona 1. c. cxp. 218 — 219 npHM. 1). ITpH ocaAt 
KoHKopAiH (ib. cxp. 218 cjitA.)» ROTopyio jereHAapuaa Hcxopia 
AxxHJibi noMtu^aexi) sa BSflxieMii AKBHjeH, AxxHJia bhabxi bo CHt 
BtHiaHHaro, onoDcaHHaro MenoMi Myaca, Koxopbit Hacxynaexi na 
nero h CMepxejibHO panexi Kb MtcxeocxH, onycxomeHHoli h Bbi«- 
HceHOH AO xja. 9x0 — Giano. CyAbCa KoHKopAin xa-»e, hxo h 
AKBHjen; aHxejH cnacawxcfl aiopeMi, a AxxHJia, nocjit HtcKOib- 
khxtj ApyrHXT> DoetA'b H onycxomeHift, aoxoahxt> ao Altino, rAt 
Bcxptnaexcfl JieaeMi wh jHny cb npeACxaBHxejreM'b jaxHHCKofi 
pacbi: AxxHJia 6bexcH ci> Giano na KonbHxi> h Menaxi h xaKi> nt)- 
paHcaexi> npoxHBHHKa, hxo xoro cnacaexi> Jiemb fibicxpoxa ero 
KOHfl, a AxxHja ycnoKOBBaexcfl ea c^exb CbiBmaro eMy npopone- 
CKaro BHAtHifl. Bi citAyiomyio 3a xtMi uoHb mmren Altino 61^- 
ryxT> Ha Kopa6jaxT>; ropoA'b paapymeHi h BbiacaceH^ (1. c. 221 — 
222); AxxHja o6paiuaexca Kb ocaA^ IlaAyH, ea noHonv> KoxopoH 

^) Giano, oneBii^^Bo, Janas, ApeBRe-HTaxbUBCRBi'b jereHAapBuz'L reHeaiorii. 
iiapib dBRpOTOB-b fla%, cnacmeM'b CBOBin> caMoooHcepTBOBaaieM'b Phmi>, ocaxt- 
AeBBbiil BapBapaMH, paacKaauBaerb Be^At ^^ divisionibus temporom b ero noApa- 
dKarejiH Ca. G. Paris, Le r^cit Roma dans lea Sept Sages, Romania, v. IV, p. 126 
catA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3X HCTOPI0 POMAtU H DOB^CTH. 327 

npBinjH pyKOBOAHMbie Almerigo naemabi (Histoire de Atile: 
cuens de Pauie^ Naimeris 11 lombars) h no6tAOHOCHbin Giano: 
OH'b cpa^aerb ATTHjy, KOTopbifi, oAOJHceHUbm csoHM'b cnaceHieMi 

CBOeMV KOHK) H DOMOU^H TpCXl TblCfl^'b ryUHCKHXl> BCaAHHKOBl>, 

6bi3biBaerb na Apyrofi ACHb CBoero npoTHBHHKa Ha noeAHHOK'b. 
Giano BbifiHBaerb ero H3t> ctAia, oxptaaji yxo, xoierb CHHTb 
rojoBy, HO ewy Ha BbipyiKy HBjflWTca 500 ryHHOB'b. Giano B3flrb 
Bi> DjtHx, HO AiTHJia He TOJbKo oocTyoaeTb ci uHMi no pbiuapcKH, 
0TnycTHBT> ero Ha CBoCoAy, ho h BeiHTL noBtcHTb ryHHOBi>, Hapy- 
moBrnHx-b CBOHMi BBr&uiaTejibCTBOMi> saKOHbi noeAHHRt. 

Pa3Bfl3Ka dToro 9nH30Aa HanoMHHaerb upeAbiAyn^iH — oaho H3i> 
o6n;Bxi> Mtcrb HTajibHHCKOH jereHAbi oGi) ArrHit: OT^aHBniHCb bi> 
cnaceuie ropoAa, Giano cna^ajia Bbicbuaerb b3i» ropoAa naAyaH- 
CKHxi Hceni iiOAi> HaiajbCTBOMi menbi CBoefi, i](apEiii>i AApianbi, a 
sarfeM^ yAajflexcfl h caMi wb Rimini (1. c. 222 — 223), KyAa na 
noHou](b eiuy HBJiHioTCfl npeACTaBHTejH PaBeoHbi, BH^eHi^bi, <l>eibTpe, 

AuKOHbl H AP. IJ,BJ^T1> HTaJbHHCKHXl> HMeHHTblXl> pOAOBl C06h- 

paeTCH AM oocjitAHeH 6HTBbi ci> Atthjioh. H sA'i^Cb jeroHAa He 
o6omjacb fies-b BHAtHiH, coxpaHHBmarocfl B^ ocoCoh jaxBHCKott 
craxbt: Visio Egidii regis Pataviae (1. c. cxp. 227, npHM. 1): 
Bi> xo BpeMH mKb Giano npeAaexcH ropio, noMbimjHH 061 yiacxH 
XlaAVH, aurejii> HBiaexcfl eny, npopo^Hxi o6i ocHOBanlH npniMp- 
CKaro ropoAa, que numquam in servitute posita exit, b AaexT> eny 
KHHry, B-b Koxopoi npeACKa3aHbi 6bUH CyAyntifl cyAbCw ITaAyH h 
TpeBH3CK0B HapKH — Bi anoxy Ezzelino h Can della Scala. 

AxxHia nbixaexcfl ooAKynnxb Giano A^paMH h o6ini.aHiHHB ; ue 
ycuth-b btj axoMi, npoKpaAWBaexca bt> ropoAi btj 0Ae»At *paH- 
ay3CKaronajiOMHHKacioxpaBjeHHbiMi Homeafb, cnpflxanHbiiii hoa'b 
ryHeS. Ohtj xonexb y6HXb Giano, Koxoparo HaxoAHXT> H^paK)^^eM•B 
B^ maxMaxbi Cb cavaliere d' Almonte (Histoire de Atile: Asmont); 
Ha6jioAaexi> 3a nrpon, yjiyqaa yAoSHyio MHnyxy, ho HeiaflHHO bw- 
AaexB ce6a: bohab bt> ropoAi* owb roBopHXT> no *paHny3CKfl, na 
axoxi) pas-b npoBiuiBJCfl-no BapaapcKB; CMtexcA n noKa3biBaexi> 
CBOH coCaibH KJbiKH; Giano y3HaexT> ero no oxpisaHHOMy yxy; 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



328 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

HanpacHbi ero oGiiuaHifl — o^BCTHTb Hrajiio, npHHHTb xpHCTiaHCTso; 
OHT> Ka3HeHi>y H ero rojosy oxcbuaioTb rynHaMt, nocniniHO OTCiy- 
DaiomHM'B noAi> Ha<iajbCTBoin> Pandauco (Histoire de Atile: Pan- 
daccus). HxaibflHabi npecxi^Ayiorb hxi, bo 4>piyjn ohh eacTH- 
rayTbiBno^rrHyHBHTOHceHbi rpenecKBM'b BoicKOBfL; HeHBorie ocraB* 
miecH KpecTBiBCb; HTajiiH CBoSoABa, xpBCTiaHCTBO TopsecTByerb 
(1. c. 225—229). 

TaKOBa BraibBHCKafl jeresAa o6i Arnurl, npoBBKByTafl BTaJibHH- 

CKOfi napOAHOH HAeeft, COTKaHBafl BSIi BCTOpBqeCKBX-b B MtCTBUXl 

BOcnoMBHaHiH, nepenojHeflHaH dnBHecKBMB ch^villes, cpe^B koto- 
pbixi> BbiAaioTCfl CBOBMi) ocodbiMi xapaKTepoMX HicKOJibKO pa3- 

CKaSOBl, KOTOpbie n03B0JeH0 OpBBBSaTb eCJB Be Kl> ryBflCKOB, TO 

B'B MaAbBpcKofi TpaABiUH: jereHAa o cBepxiecTecTBeBHOMi saqaiiB 
AiTBJbi B ero npo3BBme Bela. «ApxeojorBqecKaB» nooyjwpaocTb 
ATTBjibi B pascKaabi o ero Beii;ecTBeHflbixi> naMHTHXi no BceB Bt- 
poflTBocTB BCAyTb CBoe Ba^iajo HO bstj ApeBBflro HapoAHaro npeAa- 
Bifl, npeABapBfimaro noflBJieHie sapoAHOB kbbfb* b poemetto, a ot- 
qacTB oCycjiOBieHbi mBpoKBMi pacDpocTpaHeBieMi> docj^abbxi. 
MtcTBbixi BOcnoMBBafliBxi) Udine mm yme fobopbjb; B'bTpeBBSO 
Ao6poBOJbBafl CAaia aToro ropoAa AiTBjt B3o6pa»(eBa 6bua aa 
Porta Attilia bjib Altinia aKBBonBcaeMi> Pomponio Amalteo; wb 
Ra*, 6'feAHOBAepeByniK'feoKOJO Oderzo, cymecxByerb paapymeBBan 
6amHfl ArrBJbi (Torre d'Attila), oroBbKB, BBAfltionuecfl xaH'b no 
HO^aMTi — AymB acBTejeft, yCBTbix-b ryBBBMB; bt, Torcello noKasbi- 
BaioTb ctAaJHme Attbiw (sediad'Attila), B03jrfe Duino — ero abo- 
pei^T,, y Lagugnana'bi, aa Bbicorfe CiBSb MopcKoro Cepera, ero 
6acTioHi; bi cocfeACTB-fe ciy S. Pietro al Natisone — rporb, ByAa 
6yATO-6bi CKpbuacb npa BaniecTBiB ryBBOBi BjaAtxeibBBiia 3aHKa 
Antro; ixofibi yBi^pBXb BparoBi, qxo ocaacAeBBbie Be bi KpafiBOCXB, 
OBa BbifipocBja MimoKi) npoca: CKOibKo bi newb 3epeBi>, cxojbKO 
y BBxi B MimKOB'b (D'Ancona, cxp. 287 — 288). Bt> oabo* 
BxajbflflCKOB pejiBUiB 1688 roAa roBopBxcn o rpo6flBiit AxxBJbi 
B saKonaBBoft Ka3Bt, BafiAeaBbixi bi 0KpecxB0cxBXi> JIbbbm, 
xoFAa KaK'b no ApyrBMi cBtAiBiflMi rpoCBBi^a AxxBJbi Bamjacb 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPin POMAHA H DOB'KCTB. 329 

wh OKpyrt Stnblweissenburg^a, Ha rpaflHaax'B BOJiocred Zamor, 
Kaldo, Jordans h Tarnoke (1. c. crp. 289 — 290 npHM. !)• 

Kl> dTHMl CBtAiHiflMl> H DpHCOeAHHflK) H BWifi OAHO, HSl IIlTHpifl: 

(cAtila na Eaciani pri kapeli zvun Radgone tabor imel* 

Na Kaciani je bukovje, gradiSe imenovano; v njem je okrogli 
bre2£en z' dvojim globokim jarkom obdan.D. S^icb CbUfB ro- 
poA'B (grad) ATTEibi; na KaMHt HaAnncb: Ad. kapellam. In Eremo 
Kacian Attila Eastra metatus est CCCCXXXXII; TyTi naxoAHJE 
HejioBiqecKiH h astpEHbifl kocth, noxopoHeHi> n ArrHja b cl HflMi> 
KjiaAi>; noxopoHefli oht> bt> 3-xt> rpo6axT>; acejifeHOM'Bj cepefipa- 
HOM'b fl 30J0T0MT>; vjifk npoiiLia ryoHCKie kohb, tbmt> He sejientja 
Tpasa. «U Celja se ka2e na zidu velika butasta glava z rogi» — 
3T0 noprpeTB Arnribi (Cj. Pajek, Crtice iz duSevnega 2itka §ta- 
jerskih Slavencev, crp. 1). FojioBa cb porawn, BHA0H3MtHeHie 
necbflro oCjBKa, o^eBBAHO yKasbiBaerb Ha BxajibHHCKyK) jiereHAy 
oCi Amut. 

11. 

Ha ocoCeHHOCTH HtMeiucoB, BJiH KaKi) H ee HasBaji, ryHHCKo- 
roTCKOH, yKasaHO 6biJ0 Bbime. Ea H^eaji AxxHJbi — nojoaBTCJb- 
HbiH, OTSByK^ApeBHe-ryHHCKaroniceHHaronpeAaHifl, BOcnpHHflraro 
roraMH. IIpeACTaBJieHie Morynaro uapa HapoAOBij, BjacxBrejifl 12-b 
xb6o 30-fl BtHi^OBi, OKpyaceHHaroHeBBAaHHbiMi 6jiecK0Wb (cj. Haup. 
onflcaHie npieaia KpHMnubAbi bi> nodMt o Hfl6ejiyflraxi>) — neco- 

MHiBHO ApeBHee, KOXOpOe MOFJO CJIOaCHTbCfl TOJbKO BT> ryHHCKO- 

roTCKyio nopy, KaKi>, Hao6opoTX, nosAHtnnieHdnoxtpasBBTiHanoca, 
yme bt* coeiuajibHO etMeaKOH cpeA*]^, npBHaAieHCBTB oCpasi) ATTBJbi 
TpycjBBaro, BbiKpecra b peneraTa. FoTbi, cpanaBmiecH bi> ero 

BOHCKi^, MOFJH BOCntBaTb B CBOBTb ApeBHE^l UapeH, HO B 3TH Ha- 

poAHbifl ntcHH noTHHyjiB Ki oAHOMy aoHHecKOMy i^eHTpy, CTaBnieMy 

Bl B3BtCTHb]H BCTOpflqeCKiH MOMeHTb B AeHTpOHl TOTCKOfi BCTO- 

piH — KT, AiTBjrfe, TaKT> DOjyqBjacb cxena ApeBBaro anoca: roxcKie 
KopojiB BOcnisajBCb npB ArrB^i KaKi ero copaTHHKH BnocoCHBKB; . 
coAepacaniH aTBX'b ntceHi>, bi KOTopbixi, BipoHTHO, noMBHajiHCb h 



[^gitized by Google 



330 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

»eHa AiTHJibi, KepKa (y IlpBCKa = Helcbe HBGeJiyHroB-b), b Cparb 
Bleda (6l6delin HB6ejyBroBi>), Mbi He 3HaeMi, ho cyu^ecTBOBa- 
Hie Hxii cjtAyerb npeAQOjio«HTb h xaKOH HMeHHO cocraBi anBne- 
CKaro aBKja, HHaqe mm ne 06'bflCHBM'b ceCfc ero uocji'kxyiouxin h3- 
MtHenifl. KorAa6jecTHii(aB BCTopHqecKaa A'i^HTCJibHOCTb TeoAopaxa 
BejBKaro CAtjiaja ero bii cbok) onepeAb repoeAfb napoAHbix-b 6bi- 
jiHHi>, OHi> npomeji'b B-b roTOBbm aBtuBHecKiH anocb, CMiBBBii bi> 

mM-b CBOBXl UpeAUieCTBCHHBKOBl, B OiyTBJCfl COBpeMeHHHKOM'b B HO- 

coGuBKOM-bATTBJbi: Ki> HeMy OHi> fitsBTb, coacaflCb OTbKOaueB AHAH 
(ci> BCTopBiecKoK ToqKB sptmH Mbi 00ACKa3ajB-6bi: BBsaHTiHCKaro 
BHnepaTopa), ci> ero noMOiiibio nbiTaeTCB CHOsa BOABopBTbCH wb CBoe 
BTajbiiHCKoe BacjtAbe, noMoraexi eny bi> BOfluaxi, MesRAy npo- 
HBH-b npoTBBi> BjiaABUBpa pyccKaro b t. n. HapoAHoe niceueoe a 
BflocjitACTBiB fl 4>aHTacTBqecKoe coAepHaaie dTBXTi noBicxeft 
TeoAopBxt oocxeneHHo aacjOHflJo BHxepecT> ki JBi^y, ki KoxopoMy 
OHt npBMKHyjB no saKony dnBqecKoM uBKiBsauiB: o6pa3i> AxxB4br 
DoCjtAHtj^ Ha CBOCMX npecxojit, ho npecxojii no npeacHeMy 
ocxaexca bi cpeAOxoiiB ntceHearo ABKja. 

noHBjeaie AxxBibi bi> cocxaat <&paHKO-6ypryHACKaro duoca 
cOBepmBJOCb BBbiM-b nyxeMT>. IlaAeHie CypryHACKaro AapcxBa iioat* 
yAapaHB ryHuoBi) aojihcho 6bijo ocxaaixb ox3ByK^ bi> napoAaoA^ 
npeAaaiB, Koxopoe h nepeHecjio bi Hero bmh AxxBJbi, KaK^ npeA- 
cxaBBxejifl ryHHCKOH moiub; Ildico, yCBBUjaa ero no BCxopB«iec«OMy 
CKaaaHuo, oxoHCAecxBBJiacb ct> Krimhild'ofi — FyApyHOH <i>paHKo- 
SypryHACKOH carB, xaKace yOBBaionieH Atli bt> ciBepubixi Bepciflx-b 
carB EBMyHraxT) (AtlakviOa in groenlenzka; Atlam&l in groen- 
lenzko). Ecjb bi> xparsqecKOB ea pa3BH3Kt HtKoxopue nepecKasbi 
BbiBOAHxi pflAOMT> cb AxxBJiOH B TeoAopBxa — ^BxpBxa Bepa- 
CKaro^ xo, oieBBAHO^ Ha ocHOBafliB ntceHHaro cfijfH^KeHiB, noBOAi 
Ki> KoxopoMy yKasaHi Sbui Bbiine. 

HtcKOJbKO coScxBOHHbix'b (AxxBJB, BjieAa, KepKa) b axHBHe- 
CKBxi BMeHi (roxbi, 6ypryHAbi), naHflxb atKoxopbixi Memxy- 
HapoAHbix-b oxHomeHiflxi, o6pa3i> AxxBJbi-BjacxHxeja b pascKaai 
ero CMepxB — boxt> B^ cymaocxB bc6, qxo repafaacKifl npeAaHia 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB:6CTH. 331 

coxpaHHJiH <&aKTiiqecKaro H3t> ApeBoeH jereoAbi o HeiH); ocTajbHoe 
6buo 3a6biT0 noAi* HanjbiBOMi> repMancKHX'b dnHHecKHxi ciome- 
TOBi>. BeHrepcKifl npeAaHifl, noAHBBmiH, KaKb mm BHAtjur, bi> 
HxajiH naMflTb o6i> AxxHjt, ne BocnojHaiorb axy janyHy : bt> 3T0mx 
y6iacAaeTb pasdopi) MaAbflpcKHxi) jitTonHcefi speMeHH ApnaAOBi, 
He^aBHO npeAnpHHATbiS Marczali (1. c). IIo ero pasbicKamBM-b 
OTAtji ryuHaxi), saHHMaiomiH inx% nepBbia CTpaHHi^bi, 0TJH4aeTCfl 
OTi> HapoAuaro cthja ocTaibHaro pascKasa cbohmi> nojyyqeHbiMi 
xapaKTepoMi> h, He npHHaAJettca kii ero cocraBy, BBeAeui Chu-b bx 
Hero CO CTopoHbi. 3toh ancTopieS ryHHOBi>», BOcnoJibsoBajiHCb a^h 
CBOHxixpoHBK^AHOHHMHbifiHOTapiH(oK. 1278), SimonE6za(1282) 

H COCTaBHTeJIb ApeBHei ByAHHCKOfi MHHOpHTCKOfi XpOHHKH (1330), 

coxpaHBBmeHca BiHtcKOJibKHXi OTpaseniBXi: b^ ByABHCKofi jt* 
TODHCH H en npon3BOAHbixi> (ripecfiyprcKafl, Grosswardein'cKaB, 
3arpe6cKaB xpoHHKH, jitronBCb Muglen'a ok. 1360 roAa b cocTa- 
BjeHHaB no nefi pHOMOBaHHafl xpoHHKa), bi /Ij6HBaK0H h JlnaeBoft 
(1358) atTODBCH, H3AaHH0H, cb npHfiaBjeHiBMH, loaHHOMi de Thur6cz 
(1464). Cj. reaeajorBHecKyK) xafijiHi^y y Marczali (cxp. 118), 
DpeACTaBHBnieMi> (cxp. 54 cj^a) h KpaxKiH aHaiB3i hcxorhhkobi 
aryHHCKOH HcxopiB». ^JiH CBoero BBeAenifl en aaxopi Bocnojib3o- 
BajicH poAocjiOBHOH KHHrH BbixiB DO 6ji. lepoHHuy B HcHAopy Ce- 

BBJfbCKOMy: pOAOHaqaJbHBKOldl MaAbflpi), HBIAIOIIIHXCH OOXOMKaMB 

H<frexa, Ha3BaHx 6B6.aeHCKiH HeMBpoAi); BCitACxaie BaBBJiOHcnaro 
CHiineHiH H3b]K0Bi Hunor h Moger, poAOHaiajibHBKH ryHHOBi h 
MaAbBp^, oxAksBJHCb oxi> oxaa CBoero HeMBpoAa b nocasBJBCb y 
A30BCKaro Mopa. ^aKXBiecKau Hcxopia AxxHjibi pa3CKa3aHa cor^acHO 
Ch lopAanoMi) B Historia Miscella, CBtAteiBMB Koxopbixi> aBxopi> 
nojib30BajiCB, BtpoflXHO, B3i> Bxopbixi pyKi, Moasexi) 6bixb, no Jit* 
xooBCflBTb Ekkehard'a von Aura, Sigebert'a de Gembloux bjb 
caKCOHCKaro jtxonBCiia. AxxBja cxajrb bi> ueaxpt MaAbflpcKBXx 
BBxepecoBi: CaxBa npa UlajiOHi, bt> KOxopoB, bt> npoxBBoptniB ct> 
Hcxopiefi, ryHHbi ocxaioxcfl noStABxejiiiMH, nonaxa KaKi naaioHaJib- 
Boe Atjo; 3ByKOBoe cejiBaceHie KaxajayncKsxi nojefi ciy Kaxajo- 
Hiefi Aajo noBOA'b kx jercHAt: AxxBia nocbuaerb bobcko npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



^ '■. ' I 



332 A. fl. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

THBi> Miramammona (BtpoflTHO, H31 Emir b EmuDin); aez his 
etiamHnnisplures erant capitanei statuti qui eorum lingua Spani 
vocabantur, ex quibus quidein nominibus Hispania tota nomen 
assumpsits. 

TperbBITB HCTOTOBKOMl aryHHCKOfix) BCTOpiH 6bua HtHei^Kafl 

cara o6i> AiTHii: onacaHie ero ABopa HanoMHuaerB noaMy o HflCe* 
jyerax-b (ed. Lacbmann z. 1275); Kairb b TaMi ByAa HasBaaa 
Ecbulburg, Etzelburg; BejBKan raCeiBHaH CflTBa ryBHOBi — pre- 
lium Crumheld; y Ke3bi, bi> ByABBCKOH jtiouBCB, KaKi> b y Ojan, 
BHfl KpBMrBJibAbi HocBTb BTopaH Hcefla AtTfljibi, oepBan — ao% bm* 
nepaxopa FoHopifl (Kesa, ByA. Jrfex.), y Ojlkh — Herriche, t. e. 
Helche^ Eerka; otb nepsofi y aero cbiHi Aladarius, orb BTopoft 
Chaba. — OcoCjbbo xapaKTepao a^r aiiieAKBXi bctohhbkobi 
MaAbapcKofi carB o ryHHaxi — noBBJieBie TeoAopaxa = Detricus, 
Dietrich, aaai coBpeMeaaaKa, ao BMicxt a apoTflBBBKa AnAJbi: 
Keaa • aoBerb ero Detricum Veronensem^ ByABacaaa jiixonBCb 
Detricum de Verona; bt> aepBoa-ae CaxBt (rbryaaaaiB obt. paaea^ 
B-b JLoG-b cxptjOK); letaliter Keabi aejibaa opaaaxb aocjobbo, b6o 
Bi nocjt AaeMi aoCoanit cbiaoBefi Axxajbi /I|expaKi> caoaa aBjaexca 
aa caeat. Haxepecao paasaxie, KaKoe nojtyHBJfb dxoxi> aaflsoA'B o 
paai a BOo6u;e aecb ofipaai TeoAopaxa b-l oabob aepeA'i^Kt jt- 
xonaca Kesbi (Cji. Grimm, Heldensage, 2 Ausg., cxp. 166): pBM- 
jBBe o6pau;aK)xcH ki TeoAopaxy 3a noMouibio opoxaBi ryaaoBi, 
cfquamobrem Detricus, congregate ingenti germanico italicoque 
acaliarum permixtarum gentium exercitu descendit in Pannoniam. 
npoBCxoAaxT> xpB 6BXBbi, Bi xpcxbcft BoCtAa ocxaexcfl aa cxopoat 
ryaaoBi>; paMCKia nojKOBOAeai y6axi>, ^expairb paaeai cxp-Lioio 
B'b 4o6i. Cujus tandem sagittae truncum ipse Detricus orbem 
ad Romanam dignitatis imperatoriae in curiam pro documento 
certaminis per ipsum cum Hunis commissi in fronte detulisse et 
propter hoc immortalitatis nomen usurpasse narratur, Hungaro- 
rumque in idiomate halhatalam (x. e. halhatatlam = caaxofi) 
Detreh dici meruit, praesentem usque in diem. Hunc Detricum 
galeam quandam habuisse et illam, quanto magis deferebat, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31 HCTOPIH POMABA H DOB^CTH. 333 

tanto majori claritate refulsisse fabulantur. drovb pascKaai no- 
BTopHJi no3AHie b O^aS (Vita Attilae c. 2 p. 864): Detricus in 
fronte sagitta gravi vulneratus vix evasit, ex quo vulnere aegre 
tandem convalait. Ob quod vulnus acceptum cognomen Detrico 
ab Hunnis inditum Immortalis, quem in hunc diem Hungari in 
sui$ cantationibus^ more greco historiam continentibus, Detricum 
immortalem nominanb). 

HtMeaKiii npeAaeifl ne 3HaK)n> paacKaaa o CTptjit, ho opeA- 
craBJieHie CeacMepruaro JI,HTpHxa mwh SHaKOMO bx ocoCoh aepKOB* 
Hofi <i>opMt: AeMOHHqecRiH kohi> aaeecB ero 

in die wust Rumeney: 

mit wnrmen mas er streiden 

pis ODS der jungstag wont pey 

(Etzels Hofh. 132*). 

IIpejiCTaBjeHie c<3J[aro A6TpbiKa» nameH hobfopoackoh jtTO- 
necH npHHaAJie^KRTi Tot*Hce li^epKOBHOH oatBKi ero AtflxejbHOCTB; 
Bi> aTOMt OTHomeHiB MaibflpcKoe CKaaauie CTOBTb ua Gojrie eapoA* 
HOBBApeBHefiTOHKtsptHiH, eni.e He TpoHyTofi pejBrio3HOB pacopefi. 
HHxepecHO npB dTOMi CBtAtnie o MaAbHpcKBxi ntcHflxii, Bocnt- 
BaBmBxi) JQ^erpBxa: 3T0 mofjb 6biTb, b1) ocnoBt, HtMeaKin ntcHB 
6ojte ApeBHHFO cocTasa, ni^wb AomeAmin ao Haci> noanbi roTCKaro 
i^BKja, ntcHB, npBHopoBJieHHbifl Ki> HaAbflpcKOMy HapoAHOMy.NjipeAa- 
HiK)H3aHHBmiflyHero H-feKOxopbifl nepibi — Momei'b Cbixb, jereuAy 
crptjt? rioAoCHoe nepeHeceaie anHHecKBX'b M0TBB0B^ b ^epoeB^ 
H3i Hiiieiucofi cpeAbi B-b MaAbflpcKyK) npeACTaB^afOT-b npeAauin 
nocjitAHefi BHTa3* BoxoHAt (Marczali 1. c. cxp. 86 cjtA.). Al- 
taieh'cKie aHuajibi b Lambert von Hersfeld pa3CKa3biBaK)Ti> o 
noABBraxi rpa<&a Boto b ero Btpnaro cnoABBSHBKa HapKrpa<i»a 
BfljibreJu>Ma; Ekkebard von Aura roBoparb oneMi noAi> 1101 ro- 
AOMi: Boto comes cognomento fortis.... jam plenus dierum non 
lunge a Ratisbona defunctus est. Botonem sicuti corporis proce- 
riorem atque famosiorem totius pene Germaniae atque Italiae 
testatur populus. Pannonia vero talem ilium et tantum se fatetur 

*) Cji. moh FasucKaHiA Y, ctp. 118. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



334 A. H. BECEJIOBCKli, 

aliquando sensisse, utisveldegygantibus antiquis unus apud illos 
credatur fuisse. De quo plura referre copia, si compendiosi operis 
hujus propositum non vetaret. HeMt MaAbflpcKie itTonacuM 
pa3CKa3biBaK)Tii, irb nojbCKie o BoiecjiaBi XpaCpoM'b (h no3AHte 
EojrecjraBi 11), pa3py6HBnieM'B cbohmi MeHeMi KieBCKia sojOTbia 
Bpaia^); tojbko BMtcxo Kiesa HasBaHt I^aptrpaAt. K6za ynoMH- 
HaeTL HeMi> no cjiy^aio oca^bi KoHCTaeTHHonojfl, r^'l^ obi> «ut 
dicitur, arrepto dolabro, quern ferre consueverat, super portam 
urbis, que erea erat, praecurreret, tantamque fissuram in ea fe- 
cisse dicitur cum dolabro uno ictu, ut Greci propter monstrum 
portam resarcire noluerunt)>. IIpH djowb oht> cpa3HJT» oahofo rpe- 
qecKaro BejHKaHa, KOxopbiH h yMnpaeTi, ott> nocj-feACTBin y^apa. 
ITo ByAHHCicoii xpoHHKi Botond, CJi^Ayfl npHKasaniK) bohcab, npo- 
CHBaerb btj M^AHbixi Bpaxaxi Il^apbrpaAa laKoe oxBopcTie, qxo 
nflXHJi'fexHifi pefienoK'L mofi cboCoaho npoxoAHXb B^He^o. — yAno- 
ffliMHaro Boxapiyca Botond ABJiflexcfl y«e TOcxo-MaAbflpcKHMi) re- 
poeMTi H no noBOAy ero noABHra noA^ KoHcxaHXHHonoiearb roBO- 
pHxcfl: dcredite garulis cantibus joculotorurm. 

OcxaBOBHMCfl, Wh CBfl3B CB BOnpOCOMl) FOpMaHCKOMl BJiflSiH 

HaryHHCKifianHBOAT* MaAbHpcKHXT> jrtxonHcefi, HasaMtxirfe Marczali 
(1. c. cxp. 68 cjrfeA.) xpoHHKt loasHa de Thur6cz: bi ochob* en 
jieHCHxi> ajnu^esafl xpoHHKa», ho ryHHCKifl annsoA'B pa3BHx^ no Apy- 
rHMTj HcxoHHHKaMx, H Maxczali oxM'feRaexT> b-b HeMT> caiAbi anoxH 
CB. EjHcaBexbi. TaKi o Hunor'i h Magyar''^ roBopaxcH, qxo ohh 
oxj!HqaK)xcfl Apyrt oxt> Apyra no H3bn{y, nairb caKConubi ovh xw- 
pHHreni^eBi; AxxHja AepacHxi* ABopi bi Broenaxt, bt> Mtcxnocxn, 
FA* Bapx6ypn> emc coxpaHHjrb npoAanie o CjiecxH^eMi BpeMenn 
CB. EjHcaBexbi h JboABHra. Beg axo yKasbiBaerB, no MHtniio Mar- 
czali, naanxopa, HHxepecoBaBmarocn caKCoeiiaMB HxiopiiHreHi^aHR, 
B owh nojaraexi ce6fl bi npaBt cnpocHXb: ne npHnaAJieHcirrB-jni 
ryHHCKin auHSOA'b KaKOMy-HHCyAt ntMewoMy cocxaBRxejio? 3xo 



^) Cj. bi> nameft j^toohch (no;(i> 1151 ro;^oii'b) noxBajb6y no40B<iaHHBa Ge- 
Beeqa BoHiiKOBUHa: vxony ctnti bi. Sojiotub BopoTa, hro me h oTei^'B moRo. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31 HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 335 

o6T)flCHHJio-6bi ero oxHomemfl kt> HH(5ejiyHraMT>; Apyria CKasoiHWH 
3jieBfeHTbi MorjH 6hnh BHecenbi no3AHte MaAbHpcKHMH JitTonHC- 
i^aMd. 

IIOCJrlAHiS HCTOqHHKl>, KOTOpblMl) OHH DOJbSOBaJIHCb Aifl CBoero 

OTAfejra ryeHax'b h Arrajit, fibUH aanaAHO-JiaTHHCKia jereHAw, 

B03HHKH0BeHie H paSBHTie KOTOpblX'B Mbl DpOCJltAHJIH Bbime Bli 

oCmHX'b ^lepTaxTi, BbuiJiHTb HX'b h3i cocxaBa jitTonncH jerqe, 
TfeM^ npocj-feAHTb btj hch cneiiiajibHO-MaAbflpcKie motdbm. Ilepe- 
CKa3biBafl Aajiie bi> cbh3H ryHHCKiH 3nH30A'b MaAbepcKHxi) xpoHinc^, 
Mbi He SyAeMT, nepeAaBaxb noApofiHo rfe ea pa3CKa3bi, coAepacaHin 
KOTOpbixT, yace KOCHyjHCb bi npeAHAymeMi H3Jioa;eein ^). 

n^eMa Moger, pa3MHo«HBmeeca KaKi necoKx MopcKofi, Bbicbi- 
jaerb nacxb cbok) am npiHCKaaia Hoawx-b octA-JOcxefi; bo rjaat 
Bbicejiaio^Hxca cxoaxi mecxb aoacAea^ xpoe hbI) ceMbH Zemein'a: 
Bela, Kewe h Kadicha, xpoe hsx cenbH Erd'a: AxxHja b ero 
6paxba Buda (= Bleda) a Rewa. OfiorayB'b Hepaoe Mope, ryaabi 
AoniJiB AO Jljaaa; aa ApyroMT> ero 6epery ajacxBOBaji xorAa jiom- 
6apAei](^ MaKpHHi), xexpapxi naaaoaiH, ^ajHaiuH, MaKeAoaia, 
TlaM^HJiiB n 4>pHriH, btj saaHCBMOCxa oxt> TeoAopaxa Bepoacaaro, 
Roxoparo paMjaae aaaaaqaja KopojeMi> PIxaiia. npa3BaaabiH Ma- 
apaaoMX, TeoAopaxi aajaexca a-b aeny aa noMOlAb mxh cxiabi 
Iloxeai^iaabi; wlto apeifa aaa'b o6a aoacAa oCcyacAaioxi ojaai aa- 
naAeaia, ryaabi nepenjbiBaK)xi> ao^bio Jlynsii aa aaAyxbixi Mixaxi> 
a pa36HBaK)XT>pHMCKiH appbeprapA'b. TeoAopaxi oxcxynaji'b, ao at 
CBOK) oiepeAb aaajieKinH ryaaoaij bt> AOjaay Tapaoaa, aaaecb bmi 
CHJibaoe nopaaceaie: co cxopoabi aenpiaxejieft najo 125 xbicaqi> 
qejoatiTb, ao a y TeoAopaxa jerjio 200 xbicaTb. y6BXT> 6bijn> 
xaaaee oabbi a3T> ryaacaaxt aoacA©*, Kewe; yaaaBi o xomi, 
ryaabi, yace oCpaxaamieca ai Strcxao, B03Bpaniaioxca, qxo6bi pa- 
sbicaaxb xtjo yCaxaro, aoxoparo xopoaarb npa 6ojbinoH Apporfe, 
a aa xomi> Mtcxt nocxaaajia, no CKBOCKOHy oCbnaio, KaMeaabid 
CT0M6iy (statua?). Ci xifex'b nopi* xo irfecxo aasBaao fibuo Kewe- 



I JI>a ;^aJbHtftraaro cji. Thierry I. c, II, cxp. 364 cat^. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



336 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

Haza, T. e. aomi KeBU. — IIpecjitAyfl noStAOHOCHaro HenpiHrexfl^ 
ryHHbi HacTHraioTh ero HenoAajeKy orb B^hu, h bi> Cezunmaur'i 
npoHCxoAHTB HcecTOKaa 6HTBa, opoAOJsaiomaflCH 'Cb paacBtra ao 
AeBflTaro qaca. PHMCKO-repHaHCKoe bohcko pa36HTO Ha roiOBy: 
MaKpHBi y6Hfi>, TeoAopexa yroAHja b-l jo(5i> crpija (ci. Bbime 
paacKaa-b, no^eMy ohi> nposBani «6e3CHepTHbiMi>»); co cropoHu 
ryHHOBi najH Bela, Kadicba h Rewa; ATTHja, npoBOdnameHHbit 
i^peHiy npeAOCTaBjflerb CBoeiiy 6p&Ty ByAt Bct ofijacTH aa boc- 
TOKi) orb Thccm, a caui BsGapaer'b ce6H CToJIai^eH CflKaHfipiK), 
KOTopoH Aaerb CBoe hmb. FepHaHCKie KopoiH, BMtcri^ ci> hbmb h 
TeoAopflxi, oGiBBJiHiorb ce6H ero BaccajaMB, a TeoAopBxi), noAi> 
BHAOBfb ApyHc^Bi, XHxpo HBnpaBJHerb ero aa uoBoe npeAnpinrie — 
daBoeBasie BceH EBponbi, bi eaAesRA'i^, ito ohi> eaflAerb Tami 
CBOK) FBCejb. ArrBja BoaropAHJCfl: ki TBTyjaMi KopojB ryHHOBi 
H npaBHyKa HeMBpoAa ohi> npHCoeABHHJi'b h Apyrie: flagellnm Dei, 
malleus orbis. TeMHOKO^iB, Hefiojbmoro pocTa, cb mapoKoi 
rpyAbK), OHi Aepa;Brb roJiOBy eaaaAi h Hocarb AJtHHHyio CopoAy. 
y Hero napaAHbiH maTepx bsi BOJOTbixi) hojocb, cKjaAbiBaBmBxca 
B pa3BepTbiBaBmHxcH Kaax atcpi; ero Aepacarb 30JiOTbie qeRaaabie 
CTOJfibi, yRpameaabie AparoutHabma KaMaaMB. Ero noxoAaaa apo- 
Baxb — qyAO HcayccTBa; ctojij h bch nocyAa aojOTbia, RoaiomaH 
ofixaayTbi nypnypOMi a mejKOM'b, aa apoBabixi Koaaxij ceAJia h 
Becb npafiopi aai 30J0Ta, bi KOTopoe BAiucaabi CpaiJiiaBTbi. Bi 
repCt y aero, aa marfe a aa saaMeaa Cbui stffiaaabifi flcxpeC'B. 

CitAyfl coBixy TeoAopaxa Arraja, oepenpaBBBmBCb qepeai. 
Peaax, Bcxynaerb bi Tajjilo, CjtAyerb paAi paacaaaoB'b, yae 
ocBHu^eaabix'b jaTaacKo-aepKOBaofi jiereaAofi; GaxBa aa Karajaya- 
CKBX-b no JHX'b npoBCxoAHrb bi KaTajoaia; onyAa Arraja aanpa- 
Bjaerb qacTb CBoero Boacaa B^ Hcnaaiio a MapoKKO, xorAa Kaai 
Apyraa, oaycxomaBi Fajuiio, npofiAfl somjio <&pb30bx, Ajblbiio^ 
UlBeaiio, Jlaxay b TypHariio BOSBpan^iexcfl kx CeperaMi ^aaa. 
BepayBmacb bi CaKaMfipuo Amua yaaaerb, hxo 6parb ero ByAa 
aexojbKO oepemeji rpaaaubi, nojoaceaabia ero Bjacxa, aoaocBit- 
jnrjcfl aasaaxb CaKaMCpiK) cbobiii> HHeaeAfb: Budavar, x. e. ropo- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H3T> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 337 

A0M1> HJH KptnOCTbK) EyAbl. BOdMjmeHHblH 3THMH nocTynKaHH 

AiTHja yfiHBaerB 6paTa; a HtMi^bi nocntniHJH npoaeaTb CHKaM- 
6piK) — Etzelburg, h JHiob ryHHbi npHAepsRajracb HassaHifl ByAu. 

OsjaA'i^B'b 6oiBnieio ^acrbio EBponbi, ArrHjia saHHJCfl BHyxpeH- 
nHMi ycTpoHCTBOM^ CBOHxi BjaAtHifi: uinb CTOpOXeBblX'b nOCTOB-b 
H A03opoBi» mjia orb CflKaMCpiH bo Bci ^exbipe ^acTH cstTa h ao- 
Hocnia Bi CTOJiHi^, qro A'^ajiocb ea OKpaHeaxx ryeHCKaro i^apcxBa. 

OcTasajiacb HenoKopeHHOH OAHa HTajifl. ArrHja HanpaBjaercfl 
TyAa Hepe3i> HcTpiio h ^ajMaAiK), paspymaerb ao ocHOBaeiH Bejra- 
KOJtnHbie ABopubi Bi CajoHt, TorAa KaKi oahhi h3i ero BO^Aen, 
Zoard, cnycKaerca no aApiarHiecKOMy no6epe«bK) ao Any^iH h 
KajiaSpiH, ooycTomHJii Terra di Lavoro h Bbi^eri MonacTbipb 
Montecassino. To, hto paacKasbiBaexcfl o6i HTajbAHCKOMi noxoAt 
AiTHJibT, noBTopfleTi> BSBicTHbiH HaMi HTajibHHCKifl jereHAbi; Htrb 

TOJbKO HXl pOAOBblXl) BOCnOMBHaHlfi H npeACTaBBTeifl JiaTHHCKOi 

pacbi — naAyaHCKaro Giano; pHMCKO-paBeHHCKoe npeAame nepe- 
Aaercfl corjacHo cb ero nosAHtHmHM'b i;epKOBHbiin> thbomi. 

ATTHia BOSBpamaeTCfl bi naHHomio; eMy 124 roAa; orb Fo- 
HopiH (FeppHXH Ojrafl) y Hero cbiHi) Chaba, orb KpBMFHJibAbi, 
AOiepH GaBapcKaro repaora, AiaAapm; KorAa aapb BaKipiH npi- 
cjLdkJL-b eMy B-b HeHbi cbok) Aoib, KpacasBiiy Micolt'y, owb cnpa- 
BMerb CBaAbCy cb HeBBAaHHbiMT> BejBKOjinieH'b. Ho oC^ee Be- 
ceibe nepeMeacaerca sjOBtmBMH 3HaMeHiflMH: ero jiK)6HMbin kohl 
HSAOXT, btj AOHb CpaKa ; KorAa MOJiOAaa roxoBBjacb BCxynBib Bb 
fipa^HbiH noKOH, ona xaKi cBJibso 3aniB6ja Hory o nopori, uo 
npBHynAeea 6bua cicTb, qT06^ yxojiBTb 6oJb, auditaque est ejus 
vox dicentis: Si tempus est, veniam. Quibus verbis mortem in 
dolore compellasse credidere^). HaApyrofi AOHb Arrnjiy HamjH ea 
ero Jioati fiesAbixaHUOHi b b^ kpobh: ero nopasBJia reMopparia. 
Ohi noxopoaeHi 6burb bi KeaeAaat, PAt nojiOHceabi 6him rkia 



») Cji. Philippi Callimachi Experientia Athile Vita, Trevigi, Gerardo de Lisa, 
1489 (TaK}Re wb Bonfinii Rer. hungaricarum etc Colonia 1690), bt^ KOB^•k 
UrsLXhsmen^'h Filippo Bontftcorsi, no aposBaHiio KaJuiBMax'b, mwh nps ABopt 
MaTB-bfl KopBflfla. 

C6opnan n Ot;i. H, ▲. H. 22 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



338 A. H. BECEJI0BCK1#, 

KeBbi, PeBbi, KaAbiKa h Bejbi; Torqaci no ero cMepre Meacjiy ero 
CbiHOBbflMH naiajiacb ycofiBoa: sa AjiaAapiB, Cbuia KpHMrnjibAbi, 
CTOHTb TeoAopHXT>, ryHHbi nowepHCHBaiorb Xa6y; noA^ CHKaM- 
6pieH-ByAoft npoHCXOAHTb cTpamHaa 6HTBa, KOTopyio HtMUbi npo- 
dBajH aprelium Crimheld)); cxojbKo xawx npojiHTO CbiJio KpoBH, dh- 
inerb Chmoh^ Keaa (1. 1, c. 4 § 5), rto ecJH6i Htwubi He yuop- 

CTBOBaJH Bl) CBOeil TU^eCJaBHOH jaiB, OHH C03HaJHCb 6bl, qTO Bl» 
TeneBiH HiCKOJbKHXl> AHCH HH JIIOAH, HB HCHBOTHblH He MOrJB HHTb 

BOAbi H3i> ^Hafl MesRAy IIoTeHuiaHofi h CHKaMCpieH, h6o bi> ptKk 
6huo 6oJbme KpoBH, qtMi> BOAbi. 

IToSiHCAeHHbiH Xa6a yAajiHJCfl ci> ocraTKaifB CBoero BOHCKa bi 
Fpeuiio, ktj AtAy CBoeify HMiiepaxopy FonopiK), a oxxyAa btj Asiio, 
m> cxpany Moger, ta* eme HCBB-b 6bijn> ero npaAtA'b BeHAeKyai. 
Xa6a noMoraerb esiy a-b ynpaBjeniH, ho ocKopCjiaerb HapoA'b, kh- 
qacb CBOHMi npoHcxosRAeHleMi OTb HHnepaTopcKod kpobh: ryHH- 
CKifl A'feBymKH OTBopaqHBaiOTCfl orb nero, h oht* ouxorem de Coros- 
menia traduxit de consilio Bendecus avi sui. Ex ista quidem 
uxore genuit Edemen et Ed.... Edemen in secundo reditu Hun- 
garorum in Pannoniam per se cum maxima multitudine ex cogna- 
tione patris et matris introivit. Ed autem remansit in Scythia» 
(ByAHHCKafl xpoHBKa y Marczali cxp, 91). 

FoBopHrb, qTO Be Bct rynHbi BbimjH h31> ITaHHOHiH ci XaCoft, 
a ocTaiocb Tpn TbicflqH qejoaiKi, yKpbiBmHxcfl orb nocjrfeAHflro 
nopaHcenifl bi> ropbi Erdelen, t. e. TpaHCHJibBaHiH, n npEHflBrnHXii 
Ha3BaHie ceKJiepoB'b (Szekelyek, Siculi). 06opoHflfl cbok) HaEuonajb- 
HOCTb orb H'feameB'b, cjiaBAHi h BajaxoBi ont »hjih tbhi aojto, 
DBTan HBAeacAy na BOSBpameHie Xafoi; unde vulgus adhuc loqui- 
tur in communi: Tunc redire debeas, dicunt recedenti, quando 
Chaba de Graecia revertetur (Sim.Kezal. I, c. 4, § 6; Thwrocz, 
I, c. 24). Ci) HMeHeBfb Xa6bi coeAHHBJiocb bi HaAbHpcK0Mi> npe* 
Aanin aen^e oaho noaipbe: nocBBu^eHHbiH BiTafiBbi npepoAbi Xa6a^ 
HCi^tjBj'b ceCfl H cbooxtj paTHHKOBi orb paH'b, oojiyqeHHbixi bi 
prelium Crimheld, TpaaoH, KOTopaH h HOCHrb HaaaaHie Chaba-Ire, 
hoc est Chabae implastrum=pimpinella saxifraga. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HS'b HCTOPIH POM AHA D DOBtCTH. 339 

TaKi> pa3CKa3biBa6rB O^ad bt> CBoen 2KHdHH AiTHJbi. Yoomh- 
Eywb ero, mm KOCHyjHCb yace «yqeHOHi> MaAfcapcKOH Hcropiorpa^iH, 
qepnaBmefi msiy ApesHExi HapoAHb]xi> xpoHHKi>, ho BMicTt cb TiMi> 

nOJIbSOBaBmeHCH H ApyrHUH HCTOqHHKaMH H HHHBmeH Ce6H ((KpHTH- 

HecKOH» H 6oJte AOCxoBtpnoH. nepBbiMi) bt> pwAy aTHxii Hcxopio- 
rpa^^OBi) HBJHercfl K)jiH Ulecapb KajaHT>, ecjin ohi bi caMOMX jifkxh 
ToacAecTBeH'B ct* enncKonoMx Cinque Chiese bt> ^ajiMaoiH, 1197 roAa 
(D'Ancona 1. c. crp. 263 npHM. 2). Ero acn3HeonHcaHie Atthjim 
HBRjocb Boepsbie wh oeqaTH bi1502 roAy; o noAOfinoufb-Hce TpyAt 
KajuHMaxa ynoMflHyTO 6biJ0 Bbime ^); TpeTbHMi> hbhjch Ca6ejJi[Ki> 
Bx ero ^eKaAaxi» BeHeuiancKOH HCTopin; HaKoneui npHMarb Ben- 
rpin Hhk. Ojan ^, HameAmiH noJbCKaro nepoBOAinKa bi KnopiaHt 
BaaHjHK*: Historia spraw Atyle, Kroli Wogierskiego. Z Ld- 
dinskiego igzyk^ n& Polski przeloiond przez Cypriand Bdzylikd. 
Cum Gratia et Privilegio. W Krdkowie. DrukowaJ Maciej Wirz- 
bi§td H T. A. 1574 r. Do yKaaaHiio npo*. BpwKHepa — 3to h ecxb 
opHrHHajT) 6*jiopyccKOH noBtcxH o6i Axinxfe, coxpanHBoieficH b% 
no3HaHeKOMi> ceopHHKt. Ty-jra ace noBtcxb (aoCij Axbut Kopojfe 
yropcKOM^») HMtJTb btj BHAy CeerHpeBTj — cKa3aTb jpyAHO. Eahh- 
CTBCHHoe pyccKoe Cojite ApeBHee ynoMHHaHie 061 AxTHat coxpa- 
HHJOCb wb ajjHHCKOHi> jtTODBCiri&y KaiTb BCTaBKa Bi) Mdjajy 
(ed. Bonn., p. 359, 1 — 7); ea hctohhhkt> mh* HensBicxeHi: KaKi 
y ^anacAifl, SaTBa, ho h CMepxb AxrHJbi, oepeHecenbi doa'b Phmt,; 
ynoMHHanie IIpHCKa othochtch, Cbixb Moaerb, jHmb ktj 3nH30Ay 

CMepXH: «TT> 60 AxHJTb KOpOJb npHHAe WTb Cfesp'bCKblX'b cxpaH'b H 

npara rpaAbi pyMbCKbiA b CHJit T/^si^t, h u/CbCxoAme rpaA'i> PoyMi. 
H 6Ame xorAa KHAacHa A^BHiia npeKpacea npH3AajiacA K'b kocxcj^ 
S. jtxT> coyme. TorAa Kopojb Axbua, cjbimaBT, efi bcjimh CbiBuii 
Kpacflt, B'bupocH eA rjarojA! ame mh ea He Aacxe, xo pa3opK> 



*) Ca. Bume, CTp. 337, npHM. 1. 

2) HaAOH-b CaM6yK0in. bo 2-M'b BaAaHiH Antonii Bonfinii Rerum ungaricarum 
decades quatuor cum dimidia. Basileae, ex oflFicioa opariniana 1568 (b-l 7-il Keart) 
u Franc. Kollar'oM-b, Nicolai Olahi metropolilae Strigoniensis Hungaria et Atila 
Bive de originibns gentis regni Hungariae, situ etc. Vindobonae 1763. 

22* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1 



340 A. H. BECEJIOBCRlit, 

rpaAi> Bamx Pbhi>. TorAa me HAoma bca CTapetmHHbi ci tunaTbi 

CBOHMH Kb AtBBKfl H OyMOJHma K), FJiarOJIIOIIie: HSblBAH K KopoJiesH 

CKopo ATbu^, Aa He 3iat noroy6BTb rpaAa eamero PBMa^ Aa He 
noniGHeTb rpaAi> namb. CtAAn^H me en oy Hor^ ero h aeoMoy 
B'Bdje^caiiity, noycTHCA eirt)y KpoBi> hocomx, h ivrb xoro oywpe. 
C^Ha me B3eMme Kopo3HO ero HAe h noBtAa rpasAaHOMX, raKO 
yMepjixecTbKopojib ATbua; boh me ero B3eMmH htLio ero, HecniH 
CKBOst BOJioxbi H HtMiiB H nojo»Hma B 3eMjiH oypopbCTtH. Wtl 
Hefi-ifie A'i^BBUbi pt«ni coBca npeMoyApbiH IIpHCKOci <l>paKiHBHi>i>. 
Majaja ynoMBnaerb TOibKO o CMepTH Arrnjibi BCJtACTBie Kpoeo- 
Te^eniH h3i> noca h o cjyxi, vto bi> ero CMepm 3anoA03pBJiH ero 
ryHHCKyio Hajio;KHHi^; Tztpl ob iroX£(xou cmvtypi^a'^o b ao^coTaTo; 
nptcrxoc; 6 ©pa^. — fl^^Bium 3toh JiereHAbi — HBHoe CMtmeme 
ildico-Micolt'bi c^b KaKofi-HHfiyAb repoHHeif MyneHBiieH 3anaAH0- 
i^epKOBHOH JiereHAbi o6i> AtthxI, to^iho Taicme KaKi> h pa3CKa3x o 
ero CMepTH KaKi>-6bi nbiraeTCH coeABHHTb naHHOHCKoe npeAanie cb 

ETaJIbHHCKBM'b, npiypO«IBBaK)IIlflH'b KOH^BHy 3aB0eBaTejIH Kl> BTaJIbHH- 
CKOH MtCTHOCTH. 

m. 

Eme OAHy oaMHTb o6t> ArrHJii h o ero norpoMt Bi>niajioHCKoft 
fiHTBt Mbi MorjiB-6bi 3aHecTH Ha crpaHBiibi ero JiereHAbi, ecjiH Btpno 
TOJiKOBanie, npeA^oweHHoe reHHi^ejieMT> oahofo aoHsoAa Hervarar- 
saga'H *). 

TeHApeiTb uapBTb B-b ReiOgotaland't, loacaofi PycH, cb cto- 
JHiaeH Dampar stadir, j. e. rpaAi^ /I,Htupa. Y nero ABa cbina: 
AHraHTHpi* H He3aKOHHoposAeHHbiH HlOdr, BOCDHTbieatoniiScH y 
AtAltCBoero, ryHHCKaro Kopojifl Hamli. OrpbiBOKi ApesHefi ntcHH, 
KOTopyio 3Haj'b cocTaBHTejib carB, HaqHHaeTCH b^ coBepmeHHO 
6bijniHH0M'b CTHjrfe: 

HlOOr ?ar |>ar borinn 

i H6nalandi, 

saxi ok mod sverdi. 



*) Richard Heinzel, Ueber die Herrararsaga, Wien 1887. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB-feCTH. 341 

sfOri brynju, 
hjdimi hriDgreifOam, 
hvOssam maeki, 
mari vel tOmum, 
i inOrk inni helgn. 

ccHlOdr poAHJiCfl Bi FyRajaHAt, ex HoaceMx h MeHeiii>, bx aah- 
Hoft 6poHt, yKpameHHOH KOJibaaiiH, ci> 0CTpbiMi> 6yjiaT0MX b cna- 
pflaceBHbiMi> KOHeMi»; poahjch bi> CBHmeHHoft o6jacTHi>. YaHaBx, hto 
no CMepTH OTiia AHraHTnpi> saxBaxHjrB bi» pyKfl BJiacTb, HlOdr Tpe- 
6yeTb y aero ycrynKH noJOBHBw omoBCKHXi BiaAtaiH. Tott> otb*- 
<iaerB OTKasoHi*, npejuiarafl wh saidtHX Aapn n TpeTbio qacTb rox- 
CKaro uapcTBa; BOcnHraTeJib AnraaTHpa, rH3ypi> Grytingalidi, 
roBopflTb, 1T0 AJfl HeaaKOHHopoffiAeHHaro Cpaxa h axoro Cyjievb 
AOBOJbHO. HlOdryAajiflexcB, pasnitBaHEbiH, h caapBacaexcB, Buicxi^ 
ex A^AOMi*, Ki> Boaai npoxHBi> 6paxa. Oaa coGHpaioxi rpoMaAaoe 
BOficKO H AOXOAflXT) AO Jitca Myrkvidx, ao aainKa, fa* a^Hja ct> 
CBOHMi BOCDHxaxejieMi, Ormar'oM'b, cecxpa Aaraaxnpa, HervOr. 
Oaa aasaaHaexi, Hepe3T> nocpeACxao Ormar'a, Mtcxo am CaxBbi, 
BT» KoxopoH ryaabi ocxaioxcH ooetAHxejAMH; HervOr yCaxa, a Oc- 
Mapi CtacHX'L KT> Aaraaxapy ct> ropecxaoK) B-fecxbK). TorAa Aaraa- 
xapi nopyiHJii FHsypy Bbiaaaxb Hl6d'a h ryaaoa-b aa 6ofi bt> 
Dylgja, aa Dfinheidi, uojki> ropaMB Jdsar. BcjiACxaie aaAMeaaaro 
Bbiaoaa FBsypa, HloOr bcjibxT) cxaaxBXb ero, ao Humli ero sama- 
maexT), b oai* BAexT> cooCiuaxb AaraaxBpy o npeBOcxoACxst ae- 
npiaxejibCKaro aoficKa. npoBcxoAHxi> acecxoKaa 6BXBa, AJ^an^aacH 
BOceMbAHett, b6o roxbi cpaacaK)xca 3acBo6oAy Boxenecxso. Aaraa- 
xBpi) Gbexcfl CT» Tap^frBaroMi* wb pyKaxi), poKOBbiMi» MeHeMi>, ko- 
xopbift aejbSH 6biJ0 o6aaacBXb, ae npa^BaBB'b CHepxB, b yGasaexi^ 
Hl5d'a B Humli; ryaabi oepan^aioxca bi* 6trcxBo; ptKB Bbicxy- 
naK)xi> B3i> GeperoBi), AOJaabi nepenojaeabi xpynaMB, b Aaraa- 
xBpx njaHexcfl aaAi> y^acxbio, CAtJiaBmeB ero y6ifliiefi 6paxa. 

KaKaa Gaxaa roxoBi> Cb ryaaaMB BMiexca 3Atcb bi> BBAy? 
Feftaaejib yKa3aji> aa atKOxopbia repMaacKia napajuieiB ki* pa3- 
CKa3y cara. Bx AaxcRBxi* BcxopBqecKBxi> naMaxaBKaxx aeptAKO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



342 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

BciptsaioTCH HMeHa Hamblus=HumIi eLotherus = Hl()dr; xaKi 
y CsKcofla FpaMMaxflKa (1. 1, c. 22, ed. Mliller), ta* ohh BBJinioTcn 
cbiHOBbHMH ^aea b PpHMbi a BHyKaiuH nepsaro Humblas, poAona- 
qajibHHKa nepsoH AaxcKofi AHHacriH. Humblus BTopofi BeAert BOftay 
upoTBB'b Jloxepa, .lamaexi. ero uapcxaa h cxaaoBBxca xapanoMTi. 
EcjiH Bi* axoHi pa3CKa3'b CaKcoaa aaxepecyioiAeMy aacb dnaaoAy 
cara oxBtqaK)xi> jiBiub co6cxBeHHbiH HMeua, ae coAep^aaie co- 
6bixiii, xo cjtAywmia (1. I, c. 232 CJitA.) npcACxaBJaexi h coAep- 
HaxejbHoe cooxetxcxBie. fl.iio HAexi> o aofiat MeacAy AaxqaaaHH 
H ryHHaMB, Frotho III-mti h KopojreMi Hun'oMx, ero xecxearb. 
OcKopfijieBHbiB xtMT>, Hxo Ffotho nporaaj'b cbok) aceay, Hun bti 
coH)3i cb Olimarus'oMi, KopojieM'b aocxosabix'b (orientales) jiwach 
WH pyxeaoBi (Rutbeni I 234 CJrfeA.)? werb aa Aaxnaax m)fiBOH), 
npa HCMi Olimarus HaHaJbCXByexi> aaAi* mopcrhmb, Hun eaAi* 
cyxonyxBbiMH cHJiaua. dpaKx aAexi corjiHAaxaeBii> Kb <&jioxy, aa- 
xtMT> Kb ryacKOH paxa, paao yxpoMT> bhahxi> ea aaaHaocxbi, xorAa 
KBKb ea appbeprapAX) npoxoAHxi> memo aero JiHiDb aeqepoMi. 
9pHKa yaaajiH a xoxaxT> aaaxb bi» njitai», ao oax> cnacaexi ceCa 
HapeieaieMXi: non decere unum a pluribus abripi a, Bepayamacb 
KT> 4>poxoHy, roBopBXT> eitfy o qHCJieaaocxa aeapiaxejibCKaro Boacaa. 
Frotbo noetacAaexb OjiBMapa, nocxynawmaro kt> aewy aa cjyatCy, 
HO yAaJiaexca nepcA^ ryaaaMa, noraeaiomBMa oxb coecxBeaaoft 
MBoroHBCJieHBOCXB; ero noKBAaexi a Uggerus vates, avir aetatis 
incognitae et supra humanum terminum prolixae; qui Frothonem 
transfugae titulo petens, quidquid ab Hunis parabatur, edocuit^. 
Fyaabi ceapaioxi) aoaoe boBcko, Koxopoe 4>poxoax» paafiHBaexi 
Bi>ce&iBAueBaoH Saxat (I, 240). ccCujus (pugnae) prima dies tauta 
interfectorum strage recruduit, ut praecipui tres Rusciae fluvii, 
cadaveribus velut ponte constrati, pervii ac meabiles fierent. 
Praeterea quantum quis itineris per triduum equo conficere pos- 
set, tantum locorum humanis cadaveribus completum videret. — 
Itaque praelio septem dies extracto, cecidit rex Hun. Cujus fra- 
ter eodem nomine, inclinatam Hunorum aciem conspicatus, cum 
sua se cohorte dedere conctatus non est. Eo bello septuaaginta 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



B31> BCTOPIB POHAilA H DOB-bCTH. 343 

ac centum reges, qui aut ex Hunis essent aut inter Hunos mili- 
taverant, subraisereseregi.... Igitur Frotho vocatis in concionem 
regibus sub uno eodemque jure degendi normam imponit. Prae- 
fecit autem Olimarum Holmgardiae, Onevum Conogardiae, Hun 
vero captive Saxoniam tribuens Revillum Orcadibus donat. Pro- 
vincias Helsingorum, Jarnberorum et Jamtorum cum utraque 
Lappia Dimaro cuidam procurandas attribuit; Dago Hestiae re- 
gimen erogavit. Itaque Frothonis regnum Rusciam ab ortu com- 
plectens ad occasnm Rheno flumine limitatum est». 

y»e BT> Antiquit6s russes 1,113 6buo yKaaaHO na cxoactbo 
poJiB, KaKjK) Brpaen> 3pBKX bt> 3tomi> onBcaniB ryuHCKOB ctw, 
CT> pojibK) rB33'pa BT> FyHHCKofi-ffie 6BTBt Hervararsaga's. Frotho 
B Hun OTB-feTBJiH 6bi AflraHTBpy b Humli (BHtcrt ct Hl6fl'oMT>). 

Chronicon Erici regis (Langebeck, Script. I, 153) nojibso- 

BaJICfl, BtpOHTHO, TtMB-HCe BCTOSHBKaMB, HTO B GaKCOHl, Bl> paS- 

CKaat FOTCKo-ryHBCKOMX noCoBo;*, o KoxopOMi 3Hajia, 6biTb mo- 
ifierB, B ApeBHHH cara o GKbdJibAyHraxi) (Heinzel, 49) b aerjio- 
caKCOHCKiB WidsiO, y^0MBHaI0^^iB Hlifle = HlOfi'a b Incgen- 
p6ow'a = AHraHTBpa, Wyrmhere = Ormar'a Hervasarsaga'B b 
no6tAOHOCHyH) 6BTBy roToei ct> ryHHaMB: 

121 full opt {)a6r wig ne alaeg, 

[)Onne HraeOa here lieardam sweordam 
ymb Wistlawudu wergan sceoldon 
ealdne ^{)elst61 Aetlan l^odum 

(aptAKO TaMT> o6xoABJiocb 6e3i 6HTBbi, KOFjia paxb roTOB-b AOJracHa 
6bua KptoKBMB Me<iaHB 3auiBiiiaTb y Jitca Ha Bacjit ApeBHin aa- 
cejibfl oTb jiioAeB AxiBJibi))) 

Sry CBTBy roxoBi ct> ryHHaMB, ynoMBHaeMyw cfesepHbiMB bc- 
ToqHBKaMB, npo<t. TeSHuejb ckjohchi oxoacAecrBBTb Cb B3BtcT- 
HbiMT* pasrpoMOMTj AxxBJbi npB lUajoHt bi 451 r. HpeAJwaceH- 
Hoe MM-b cpaBHeaie jtxonflCHbixi> AaHHbixi» o nocjr6AHeHi» ci> ohb- 
caHieuB carB b CaKcona rpaNMaxBKa ne BcerAa yGtABxeJibBO, KorAa 
Kacaexcfl MCJoqei b opyAyexi Ay6jexaMB, bi npcAnojioaKeHiB, 
OTo Bx oahomti jraat carB mofjib oxpaaBXbcn ab* pasjiBHHbifl bcxo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



344 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

psHecKiH JIHHHOCTH. TcopeTHHecKH — oCoCmeHifl carH, eapoAHaro 
npeAaeifl AOJaiHbi bath HMeHHO dXHMx DyTeMi>, OTBJCKaji otx hcto- 
piqecKBX'B <&aKTOBX Hxi> cyrb, cboah bi> oaho, qro npeACTaBJHJOCb 
anojiorHqHbiM'b, aarpoMO^Aafl ea oaho jhuo CKasaHHoe o MHorHxi*. 
4>aKTHHecKHAOKa3aTi>TaKOHHMeHeo nyxb o6o6meHiH xpyAHO htoct- 
flocTH BcerAa MoryrB BoaCyAHTb coMHtaie. Tairb h bt> eameMi^ 
cjy<iat: TaBii>H3Atcb poKOBae 6HTBa roTOBi cbryHHaMfl, AJnmaflCfl 
HicKOJibKO AHCH, BHa<iajt CHacTjiHBafl Ain ryHHOB'b, HHtton^afl am 
roTOBT> ocoCoe SHaieBie, h6o a^jio HAerb a^h hexx o saniHrfe cbo- 
6oAbi H poAHHbi. OcTanoBBMCfl Ha sacTHocTHX'b cpaBHeHifl: b'b 
439 roAy conepHHKT> Aai^ia, poHCKifi noJiKOBOAem* JHTopifi, nana- 
Aaerb ct> ryHCKoS noMombw na xyjiyscKHxi BecxroxoBi, pa36HXT> 
H BSHXi* BX» njitHX jih6o y6wrb; bx» 450 r. MJiaAmifi CbiH'b OAHoro 
*paHKCKaro Kopojifl HmexT> noKpoBHxejibcxBa Aaaia h ycbiHOB^eH'b 
HMT>, xorAa KaKT> cxapmifi o6pamaexcfl Kh AxxHJit, nojyTOBmeMy 
xaKHMi) o6pa30MT> noBOAT* KTi BxopaKeHiio BT> FajfjiiK). AaaiK) nep- 
Baro CBHAtxejibcxBa h MjaAraewy AapeBH^y Bxoporo 0XBtHaexT> bi 
cart OAHHi H xoxT>-ace AHranxapi; npoxBBHHK'b nocjitAHaro, 
Humli — HCxopaiecKOMy AxxHjt; Hlo5'y, BowioiueMy bt> coios'fe 
Cb Humli, JiHxopiH n BMtcrfe oahhI) H3i> ^paaKCKHXT> npHHueBX, 
xoxT) H ApyroH ODHpaBinieca aa noMomb ryaaoBi. MoHcexT> 6bixb, 
H B'b FHsypt cam coxpaaHJiacb namaxb o FeHCHMyaAt, BOcoHxa- 
rexk HOJiOAoro ocxroxcKaro Kopojia, n o BaaAajbCKOMi Kopoxl 
refiaepHxt (Gizericus, Gyzericus y lopAaaa), nocofiaHKt h aayma- 
xejrfe AxxHj-fe, xorAa Kanx Myrkvidr oxpa3Bjn> b^ ce6t — rep- 
miHCKiH Jitcb, JieHcaBmiH aa nyxH AxxHJbi bx FajiJiiH). 

CCjiHaceHiK) roxcKO-ryaacKofi 6HXBbi Hervararsaga'n ci> «»aK- 
xaMH majioacKofi nepe<iaxi> ooBHABMOMy Aaa o6cxoaxejibcxBa: nepe- 
aeceaie Htcxa AtacxBia h saGaeaie rjaaaaro A^HCXByiomaro JiHiia, 
AOJUKeacxBOBaBmaro 6bixb naHaxBbiMi> HMeaao roxcKOMy npeAaaiio: 
TeoAopHxa aecxroxcKaro. lUajioacKia dojih aaCbixbi, roxbi care 
HBJHtoxcH ae xyjiyacKHMH BecxroxawH, a oGexaxeJiaMH Reiflgota- 
land'a, oxAtieaaaro JitcoMX MyrkviOr oxt> Hunaland'a, j[e»aii](ara 
0TT> aero kti lory hjh BOcxoKy. Bt> ctBepabixT> naMaxaHKaxT> aa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 345 

3BaHieMi> Reidgotaland'a ofiosaa^iajHCb pa3JiHHBbiH MtcTHOCin: 
K)TjiaHAifl9 rioMepaHifl, IIlBeiiiH, ho TaKHce h Poccin. Haukr 
Erlendsson (f 1334) nepeTOCJiaerb CTpaabi, jieHcamifl y Gardariki, 
Meauy HaMH P61inaland hjh P61ena; «ta ea boctokx otb IIojflHiH 
lemwrb Reidgotaland, a iumte Hunland» (En austr frit P61ena er 
Reidgotaland ok pd Hfinland). TaKi> h no CKajibrojbTCKofi khhtI, 
TA'k bi> Gardariki noMtn^enbi ropoAa Pallteskja ok Eoenngardar 
(nojomcB n KieBi*). IIo aroMy npeAcraBJieHiio Htinland JLemwrb b'b 

lOHCHOV H BOCTO^HOfi PoCCiH, <ITO OTStqaeTb B033p6HiflMX cafH af 

Eigli einhenda (FAS. 3,364: Hertryggr hefir konungr heitit, 
hann rfe3 fyrir austr 1 Russia, pat er mikit land ok QSlbygt, ok 
liggr milli Hunalands ok Gardarikis = repTpHrroH7> SBajiH ko- 
nyHra, BjiacTBOBaBmaro na boctok*, B'b PoccIb. 3to BejBKafl h na- 
cejieHHaa CTpana, Jie^an^afl MOscAy Htinaland'oH'b h FapAapflKH) 
H, OHeBHAHO, Hamefi Hervararsaga'B, noMtni^aion^ett ctojbi^ Ah- 
raHTBpa bi o6jiacTH ^ntnpa (i Arheimum?), h nMOHHO B'b rpsLjifk 
JI,Hfenpa = Danpar staflir, snaiomeH bt> cxpant totobi cjiaBHbift 
«ApeMyHift JitcT»» H «CBflmeHHyK) Morajyi) ^). Ecjh nocjfeAHifl onBca- 
TejbHbiH yKaaauifl Moryrb 6biTb npH6;in3HTejbH0 HcroJiKOBaHbi bx 

CBH3H Cly lOKHO-pyCCKOft MtCTHOCTbH) CaPH, TO Apyrlfl XpyAHte 

noAAaiOTCfl TOJKOBaniK). KorAa, ornpaBjAacb Kb ryoHaMi, rH3ypx 
cnpamflBaerb AHrauTHpa, B'b KaKOMi> ntcTt o6iiflBHTb mwh 6oh, 
TOT-b OTBtnaerb: 

Kenda at Dylgja 

ok d Ddnheidi 

ok & t)eim dllam 

JosurfjOllura! 

|)ar opt Gotar 

ganni hdda 

ok fagran sigr 

fraegir vdgu. 

«Ha3Hasb HMi) (MicTo) Ha ^HJibrt (Bap. Dyngja) r Ha paBHHHt 



1) Cj. moio saMtTKy: Kiesb — rpa^i* Aatnpa bi* HCypn. Mhh. Hap. IIpocB. 
1887 r., IioHfc H B'B 3an. poMaHO-repM. OT^tja 4>HJOJior. o^n^ecTBa npn C.-nerep- 
6yprcK0M'b yHHBepcHTerb, Bwn. 1-ft (1888 r.). Cj. Heinzel, 1. c. cxp. 67 cji^a. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



346 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

D6n'a H y Bctxii ropi* JOsur, TaMi roTW qacTo tbophjih Ounsy h 
OAepiRHBajra, cjiaBHbie, 6iecTmnyio no6tAyi>. Dylgja =■ Dyngja He 
onpeAtjHMa; bi> nepBOfi ^acTH Diinheidi mofjih OTpasHTCfl^ no MHt- 
HiK) refiHaejia (crp. 70), HasBania ^bhbw, JIobsl, CKopte Bcero 

fyBM MOWerL CblTb, BT» CBfl3H Cb pyCCKBMH DOXOAaMH Ha 

j^yaafi bt> X-mi aticfe. Fopw JOsur ocraiOTca aaraAO^HbiiiH — 
ecJH dTO He ropbi Hcobi*, t. e. AjaHOBi>, OceTBHi». HccKia ropbi 
ynoMBHaioTca bi> Kpbmy b% XIV-mT) atict; oahhi na&iaTHHKX 
XV-ro CTOJiiTia roBopHTb oS^ ajaHCKHXT> bjh ryHHCKHXT> ropaxi 
BT> ceAMHrpaACKBXT> Kapnaiax-b. Ca. Amm. Marcellinus 31,2, 13: 
hoc (Tanai sc.) transito in immensum extentas Scythiae solitudi- 
nes Halani inhabitant, ex moutinm appelatione cognominati. 

naHBTb aapcTBt 3pMaHapBxa bi* lomHbix'b MtCTHOcraxi 
Poccifl Morjia nepeaHTb ero HcxopHqecKoe cyuxecxBOBanie, bb- 
parH — cjbimarB o nearb npeAauia h ntcHH otb KpbiMCKHX'b ro- 

TOai, ex KOTOpblMH OHH npHXOAHJH BX OGn^eHie, BI) KOTOpblXX Ha- 

XOAHJH cbohx^ poAH^en: o(xopoe 6vt£; (t. e. roxbi) yjdecn toT; exeT 
Ta irapa a(pcov av/rtSv oijx a7ro8ia(p£povT£;, roBopHTb o Baparaxi> bx 
X-Mi BtKt HHCbMO FOTCKaro MOHBpxa (Heinzel 72). TaKT> mofjo 
cjiosBTbca npeACTaajieHie HHTJiHHracarn c. 20 o npaGbiTin SoroBi*, 
AcoBi), Bi) CKaHAHHaBito Cb ctBepnaro 6epera Hepnaro Mopa, h3i> 
BejHKofi IIlBei^iH, Svlpjod hin mikla, Haase Godheimar, t. e. 
cipaHbi CoroBi, BMicTo: Got-heimar, crpaHbi totobtj (1. c. 75 — 6). 
MoHerb 6biTb, orb KpbiMCKHX'b fotob^ aapani cjibimajni h KaKofi- 
HH6yAb ntceHHbiH pascKaai* o6t> anHaoAaxT* CHxabi 451 roAa (1. c. 
72). TatTb onpeAtjHjica-6bi hctohhhk1> aapaHccKaro t. e. ctaepaaro 
npeAaaia o Hefi, npa qeurb ea jOKajHsaiiiK) aa lort npHniJ0Cb-6bi 
OTHecTR Ha c^ieTi) npeACTaBjenia ctBepBbixi> jiioAefi o MtcTonoJO- 
Henia Apeanaro Gotheimar. Ho, oieaaAao, ae KpbiMCKie ropbi 
6bijni npoBOABHRaBiH npeAaaia, npomeAmaro aa ciBepi HeonpeAt- 
jeHHbiMH nyTBMH (1. c. 105) H Bi peAaRAia, HapoAHbia xapaKrep'b 
KOTopofi reHHaejib nonbirajca onpeA^JHTb. 

Bbime 6biJio oGpan^eao aavHaaie aa crpaHHoe, b^ napoAHOMi 
roTCKOMii npeAama, Bafiaeaie HMeaa TeoAopaxa BecrroTCKaro bi> 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



HSl nCTOPin POM AHA W nOB-bCTB. 347 

pa3CKa3t majOHCKOH 6nTfit. OSihchhts 3to mo»;ho noubiTKOH 
HapoAHaro, litcTHaro ycBoeuin rpoMKaro, HCTopaiecKaro «aKTa, 
HHorAa — 3a6BeHieMT> jitTonaci^a. Tairb Chronicon paschale (ed. 
Bonn. I 587 cJitA.) nepeHocHTL Ha Ajapnxa cjiyxt, coo6niaeHbifi 
lopAaHoarB (c. 40): Cy^TO TeoAopHxi BecxroTCKifi yCHTt 6biJT> 

CTptjOK), H npHTOMl> Bli 6HTBt Ha JijHa% OTB'iHQ^lOiafiE maJIOHC^OH. 

KorAa AxTHJia rposHTL bohhow, <A.£tio<; dcTi^Xde itpi; JiXXaptj^ov 

et^ ti; TaXXta^;, 6vTa E)^dpov *P(b{jLY]; Sta 'Ovwptov, xai irposTpe^'a'^o 
auTiv a(xa aur^ xaTa ^TTtXa, eTcetSrj ducoXeaev uoXei? TroXXa^ TYJi; 
Pa)(xyi;' xaJ £$ai^vyi<; imppi^av'ZK; aury, co^ Eornv ri7cXY)X£U[i.£vo; 
uXyjqtiov toO Aavou^iou TcoTafJioO, Ixo^av aui:oO j^iXia8a(; 'jroXXa(;. £t^ 
S^ TYjv (yu(x^ouXYiv 6 J^XXapt)roi; TcXyiyYjv Xa^tov iizb aayiTTa^ t:£- 
X£UTa». ^erpHKi MaAtHpcKHxt jtTonHceH, paneHWH bx jioCt, crpt- 

JIOH), no MHtBiK) JTeHHIi^eJH (CTp. 104), HeCOUH^HHO BeCTFOTCKiH 

lopAanoBa DpeAanifl; ho yme y Kedbi ohi* Ha3BaHi» BepoHCKHMi), a 
BT> OAHOfi nepeAtJiK* ero jtxonHCH oht> HBjflerb Hepxbi, pano OKpy- 
sHBmifl Bi> jiereHAt ero ocTroxcKaro coHMennHKa. Ohi> GbexCH b% 
C0K)3t cb MaKpHHOM'b DpoTHBi AiTHJibi Ha ^ynat (Keaa) hjh npn 
Tarnok velgy (Ghronicon Budense ed. Podhraczky 1838, crp. 15), 
H reHHiiejn> ciHxaerB (cxp. 104) BtpoflXHbiMT>, qxo h bx 3xomt> 
CJiynai HMtexcn bt» BHAy — majiOHCKaa 6nxBa, xoxh 6yABHCKafl jt- 
xoHHCb pa3CKa3biBaexi> o nocjrfeAHeH Aajite h oco6o, BbiBOAH bi* aefi 
Ha Micxo TeoAopHxa — roxcKaro Kopojia Aldaricus (Chron. Bud. 
21). Eme H BTixpexbeS HnocjitAHefi Chxh* cbiHOBefi AxxHJbi, Ajia- 
AapiH (AaapHxa?) h XaCbi, ^eHH^eJlb ycMaxpHBaexi «flCHyK> CBfl3b 
Cb BOCHOMHHaHiflMH no6oHi£i.t 451 roAa, KaKi> oni coxpanHjracb 
wb ctBepHOMi) npeAaHiB» (1. c. 105). 

3xa 3aMtHa HCxopH^ecKaro TeoAopBxa necxroxcKaro AjiapH- 

XOMl (H, OpHCaBBM'b: TeOAOpflXOMTi OCXrOXCKHMl) npHTOXOBJIfleXl 

aaci) KT) xojiKOBaHiK) npo^. FeHHi^ejieM'b nepBOBCxoHHBKa ctsepHOH 
earn. OnaHedaCbuaTeoAopHxa, a sauiHEJia ero ApyrBMi jraaoMi). 
I^enxp'b apryMenxaiiiH jie»Hxi> BXxojKOBaniH co6cxBeHHbixi> HMen'b: 
Hlear H Angantyr (cji. cxp. 77, 80— 2) — axo <tpaHKT> Ghlodio^ 
noCtaAeHHbifi bx 428 roAy ABuiem (cxp. 51): Aiecius, Agetius, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



348 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

Agatius, HTb AaJ0-6bi repnaHCKoe Hagth6r, bt> KOTopoMi cinep- 
Hbie JiioAH HamjiR 3HaKOMoe hmi> hmh: Anganper'a, Angantyr'a. 
AaiuH 6h}jn> aeeeaTB ea BapsapcKoft, Momevb 6biTb, roTCKott i^a- 
peBHt, ycbiHOBUi) <&paHKCKaro npnHivi, h dto mofjio noBecTH ki» 
npeACTaBjeHiio ero casforo repMaaueMi*, ocoCjihbo cpeAH <&paHROBi>, 
EdLjkiy KOTOpbiMH pBMJiHHe Ciarpifi h 3rHAitt BjacTBOBajH Cb no^n 
KopojieBCKOK) BjiacTbK). Bx no6tAOHOCHofi 6flTBt npoTHBi) Chlodio- 
Hlfid'a ero Cparb h npoTHBHHKT> AaoiS-Angantj^ aacxynwb Micro 
TeoAopHxa BecxroxcKaro; nocjffeAHifi, KaKT> HSBtcxHO, najix bt> 
Ghtb*, AaraHTHpi ocxaexca BiatEBbixi) — noxpe6oBaHiflM'bg^a««- 
cmio npeAaaiH, BHccmaro bi paacKaai* o 6nxBi napoAHbifl HueHa, 
HO ocxaBHBmaro CBomx-b uapeBnqeii roxaMB, h6o ncxopH^ecKan na- 
HHXb poJiB roxoBi* Bi* majiOHCKOH no6iAt cxofljia cjnmKOM'B 
KptnKO, H Hsx aea xpyAHO 6buo CA'fejaxb — «»pa4KCKyK), ct» <tpaHK- 
CKHMT» repocMX BO rjiaat (Heinzel cxp. 77). 

EcjiH xaKTj, xo Bi ctBepayK) cary npeAaaie o maJOHCKOMi) no- 
Cohd;* aojiskho 6biJ0 npoHHKayxb B-b ^paaKCKOH aepcin, ct> hmc- 
aaMH Chlodio-Hlfifl'a h Aaaia-AaraaxHpa, a ctaepHbiMT, jwahmi 
npnHaAJiea;Hxi> Jiemb ea lOHtaoe npiypoHeaie, aaBtaauoe saaKOM- 
cxBOMi> ci> Gotheimar. Ho fl oao oKasbisaexcH ae aoBbiMi), ecjra 
BipBO npeAnoJoaceaie rettai^ejifl, hxo Dunheifli, fa* Angantyr 
opeAJiaraex-bCofiryHaaMx, oxatqaexi AOJiaat Ayaaa, h6o aa^aai 
noMtmaexi 6oh Ajapaxa (= TeoAopaxa) cb ryaaaMH a Ilacxajb- 
aaa xpoaaKa, Saxay TeoAopaxa Cb Axxajiofi xaM'b-se MaAbapcRifl 
jtxonacH. 3xa corjiacaaa JOKajiaaai^ia bi naMHxaaKaxx, B3aHMao 
aesaBHCHMbixii (a oco6eaBO BHiio b^ BBAy Hervararsaga'y), eAaa-jra 
yKasbiaaex'b aa majioacKyio Gaxay a aa Axxajy, a aa KaKoe-aB6yAb 
GojieApeBaeecxoiKBOBeaie foxobt) cb ryaaaMH HroxcK0Xi> BjacxH- 
xejiefi, BpaHAOBaBmHxii Apyrb c-b ApyroMi> aa 6ojite ApeBaHxi> no- 
cejibaxx. H ae Aijaio nonbixRH o6cxoHxejibHaro c6jiHHceHia, noxoMy 
qxo AJfl xaKoaaro sirb Maxepiajioai. SaMiiy xojbKo, hxo bt> 
Hervararsaga't Hixi> HMeHH AxxHJibi, a aa3Baai> ryaacKia Kopoib 
Humli, Moatexi Cbixb, ae HCxopniecKoe, a anniecKoe bmh, bti ko- 
xopoMi Htxi> ayacAbi BHAixb nosAaiH cyficxaxyxi HMeaa AxxHJibi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nSl HCTOPIH POHAHA H DOB^CTH. 349 

(CJ. 1. c. 79). EcjH BT> Widsi6't, ta* roTW 6bK)TCfl Cb ryHBaMH 
«Bi Jitcy BHCJibi» (=^aKiH, no MHtHiio reraaeja cxp. 103), 
AxTiua HasBaHi pflA0MiCT>Hlipe=Hle8'0Mi> Hlncgenp6ow'oBn»= 
AHraHTHpoMTi, TO pa3Bt ero bha ee Momevb 6biTb noAHOBjeeieMii, 
noiepaByTbiMi miy naMHtu o Mufk, CTaBmearb ntceHHbiMi> noKaaa- 
TejeMX ryBHOBT»? 

npflcoeAHHBK) Ki> dTOMy H Apyroc B03Mo«Hoe cooCpaiKeHie. 
FoTbi Ha3Ha«iaK)Ti> ryHHaMi 6HTBy d Danheidi — ok d peim Ollum 
JdsurQOllam. Danheidi, M0HceTi> 6biTb, AOJHaa ae ^Han, a Aoh&, 
HTO corjiacoBajiocb-6bi ci> J5surQ5llum = ropaMfl Occobi* hjh 
HcoBi), T. e. AjaHi>, mHBuiHX'b ea o6mHpHOH ctBepo-KaBKaacKoi 
paBHHHt, AOXOAB Ha lort AO rjiaBHaro xpe6Ta h AapiajbCKaro 
yn^ejbfl, a na sanaAi AO MaoTHAbi h HHs^Hflro Te^eHifl ^oea^). 
Ha ^OHy HJH 3a JI,ohomi> 6bK)TCH cb hbmh pyccKie KHHSba no cbh- 
AtxejibCTBy HarnHxi jitTOOHcefi ^), 3HaK)n^ax'b h «ropb] BbicoKin, 

HCCkIb H HepKaCbKiH, 6jlH3'b BOpOTB HeJlt3HbIX'b», T. 6. KaBKa3CKiH, 

Bi KOTopbixi) AuojiJiHHapiH CflAOHiH noutn^aeTT) caucasigenas ala- 
nos^). Hxi) 3anaAH0H rpaHHiiefi 6huo Tenenie ^ona, KOTopony ohh 
Aajni H Ha3BaHie: oceT. AOu = BOAa, ptna^). V Hcckhxi ropx 
(JOsurfjOUum) h bI) Dunheidi — AOJHHt JIobsl b mofjih npoHCxoAHTb 
CHTBbi roTOBT> CT> ryHHaMH. Cjt. Ammian. Marcell. XXXI, 3, 1: 
bi> 375 roAy ccrynabi npomjH qepe3'b 3eMJH ajiaaoBi..., y6HJH h 
orpa6HJi0 MaornxT>, a Ch ocTajibBbiMH 3aKJiK)qHJiB cok)31 h, npa hxii 
coAtHCTBiH, Cb Sojibmofi yBipeaaocTbK) BToprjnrcb bi> npoCTopabia 
H njroAopoAHbia BJiaAtpia dpMeapnxa, oqeab BonacTBeaaaro aapa, 
KOToparo CTpamHJHCb act coctAHie aapoAw — BCJiiACXBie ero 
MBoro^iBCJieaabix'b a pa3JiH<iBbixi> noABaroBi) xpa6pocTB» ^). 3to 
onpeAtjHjio-6bi a MtCTO A^HCTaia a acTopaHecKia BOcnoHaaaaia 



^) Be. MHJjiepi>, OceTHHCKie 3TK>au, «iacTi> III, CTp. 10, 11, 23, 30, 32, 35, 
npHM. 1, 43, 44, 45, 68, 71, 75, 97. 
*) 1. c. cxp. 66 CJit*. 
^ 1. c. cxp. 75. 
*) 1. c. CTp. 7—8. 
^) 1. c. crp. 42—53. 



Digitized by.VaOOQlC 



350 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlft, H3X HCTOPIH POMAHA H nOB:feCTH. 

earn BtanHaoA* o roxcKO-ryHHCKOiTB nofioHmt. Ecjh oho aBJEflexca 
no6tAOHOCHbiMi> AJifl roTOB^ Ha nepCKOpx Hcxopin, to 3to JiHmb 
xapaKTepHsyerL HapoAHbiH hcto«ihhk'i>, n3i> KOTOparo BCTopnqecKiH 
<&aKTb Aomejii) ao ctBepHaro CKasHTejifl. HapoAHaa ropAOCTb HAea- 
jHsyex-b nopaacenie, o6pamaa ero bt> no6tAy; Ht^xo ooAoCHoe 
npeAnojioacHjij h FefiHiteJib, o6T>flCHaa, noqeiuy AHraHxipi ne cpa- 
aceHT>, KaKT* ero npeAnojiaraeMbift npoxoxani — TeoAopHXT> Becx- 
roxcKift. 

BocnoMHHanie oS^b AxxHJt Hckjiioqaioxca namfiM'b cooSpaace- 
Hiewcb, HO nojyiaexca BsaMtm* npocatxi na ApesHia oxHoraeHia 
loatHOH PycH, Ha CHXBbi n noABHrn, aaCbixbie Hcxopin, nepeHHaqen- 
Hbie caroH, ho, MO^exx 6bixb, npHcyxcxayiomie HeysHaBaeMbiMH 
HbiHt qepxaMH bi napoAHOH MexaMopo^oat pyccKoa 6bunHbi. 



oXKo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nonPABKH fl JtOnOJIHEHIfl. 



K'bCTp. 7 npHM. 2. Cj. CKaaaHHK lu asoHOpBHHBbix'b HceHaxi>, 
HaneiaxaHHoe flrHHCM'B no 6oirapcKOMy cCopHHKy CepjHHCKoS 6h- 
CjiioxeKH BT» Starine V, cxp. 63 h cJitA., n xaMi-ace BBeAenie h 
npHMtHaHifl Kx> xeKcxy. 

Kx cxp. 21 BHH3y: bi* nOCJltAHeMl> CXnXOXBOpHOMl> OXpblBKt 

cjfejiyexx xaKX HcnpaBHXb Hxenie pyKonncHaro xeKCxa: ex. 51 
dameisels; ex. 52 bels; ex. 55: Fillcs h princes, h baruns. 

Kt> cxp. 29 npHM. 5. CxoAewfi xckcxi HaxoiHxea bt> pnn. 
MocROBCKaro Hy^OBa Monaexbipfl J\6 57 — 359 (XVII b.), ji. 40 
H cji-feA. Cj. onHcaHie axon pyKonHCH Xp. JonapeBbiMi bt> HxeHiaxt 
BT> Hmd. 06m. Hex. h ApeBH. 1886 r. (CMtcb), cxp. 11. 

Kti cxp. 133. Ki Bonpoey o6i> oxHomeHin Tox^pHAa Cxpac- 
6ypreKaro kt> ToMacy h noaxH^ecKoll cauocxoflxejibHocxH nepBaro 
oxMtxHHi> AJiH nojiHOxbi 6n6jiiorpa<&HqeeKaro o6o3piHiH exaxbio 
0. Glfide (Der nordische Tristanroman und die aesthetische 
Wflrdigung Gottfrieds von Strassburg, bi Germania XXXIII, 
cxp. 1 7 H cjitA.)? Bi eymnocxH majio AOKaaaxejbHyio. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



352 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlit, 

Kt* cxp. 140 npHM. 1. Cji. Archiv f. slav. Philol. I, cxp. 285 
(Aus dem sadslavischen M&rchenschatz, A?. 1 1) h bx <»parMeHTaxi> 
Beroul'fl, cxp. 35 — 36: Salemon dit que droicturiers — Que ses 
amis c'est ses levriers. 

K'BCTp. 322. JiBmb no OKOHqauiH Moefi pa6oTbi n Movb no3Ha- 
KOMHTLCfl B-b BeHeuiH ciHistoire de A tile, coAepacaoieHCfl Bi>pKn. 
6H#jiioTeKH CB. MapKa, cl. X, cod. XCVI, Ji. 19 Jiei^. h catA- H co- 
o6iny eg Bi KpaTKOHi* aHajiest, Koe-rjit npHBOAfl h otpmbkh 
TCKcra. 

Pa3CKa3i HaqHHaeTCH BBeAeaieMi oCiiJ^aro xapaKxepa. 

Apres ce que nostre Seignor lesu Crist nasqui e fu penez e 
mort, apostre furent mout esgare. Mais apres ce que il fut re- 
sucitez, se reconforterent il mout. que il le uirent e parlerent 
a lui maintes foiz. Mes li iors de la pentecoste donoit nostre sire 
a ses apostre sa grace e sa beneizonz e li saint esperit donoit il 
a zascunz que il Tauoient veu aler ou cielz le iors de Tascension. 
E de Iors en auant prist cascunz sa voie e ^s'en alerent parmi le 
monde preechant le noms de lesu Crist e de tout ce qu'il uirent 
e oirent de luy. 

CjitAy6Ti> paacKaax o nponoBtAQ h KOHqent anocTOJiOBi h hx^ 
yqeHHKOBi> n nepeqeeb nani> HaiHHaH orb an. Jlexpa ao CsJibBecrpa; 
OHi> HcutjiHerb H KpecTHTb KoHCTaHTHim BejHKaro, KOTopuft, npe- 
AOCTaBHBT> eMy h ero nacjtAHHKaM'b uapcKyio BjacTb, yAajaexcfl bx 
TpeuiK); f. 20 jibu. o6.: II fu sire e empereour en Grece. II s'en 
aloitenen Bisange et illec s'arestoit, illec il fist une citez la plus 
belle e la greignor e la plus riche que de Iors en auant fust faite 
ou secle. II I'apeloit de son non Constantinople. Que vos diro-ge? 
Illec fist il son empire et le tint de part I'apostoille de Rome, 
e fu le pais apelle Romanie por ce que li romains i remestrent. 

jlajte roBopHTCfl o uaxoHCAeHiH cb. Eieaoft <iecTHaro Kpecxa; 
oCi) IocB<»t ApHMaeeficKOM'b h paapymeniH lepycajHMa Thtomii ■ 
BecnaciaHOMi) bi> aaicadaHie eBpcBMi aa CMepxb CnacHTejH. Iocb<m> 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



W3rh hctofh pomaha h noBtcn. 353 

ApmaeeicKii BBMiewh opH 3T0in> cjynat wh 6aiiiffl, rxk ero vh 
TesraiicopoKajriTLnoMepaareajrb ero qyAecHut cocyiPs i 22 06.: 
sa precieuse escuelle que li Bretons appellerent le Saint Graal. 
Ob hmitb ohi> ornpaBiHercii wb BpiraHHiio, npoooBtAya Xpicroay 
B*py. 

TaiTB pacDpocrpaHBJOCb xpHcriaHCTBo; aBTopi> xo^eri 0C060 
pascKaaaTb (f. 21 06. h cj^aO de eels qe se epstienerent parmi 
Ttaire par le preechement de mon seignor saint Marc qe pree- 
choit en Aqoillee e par le preechement des saint homes qe apres 
mon seignor saint Marc preechons en Aqnilee e parmi Ttaire. 
JlepBbnrB 6bijn> cb. Mapin>: apres ce qne mon seignor saint Piere 
s'en alloit de Antioche en Rome et enuoia son desciple li enan- 
gelistre mon seignor saint Marc en Aqailee, e de Aqnilee s'en 
retomoit celni euangeliste en Rome e mesire saint Piere Tennoia 
en Alexandre on 11 re^nt mort. Cb. MapRi Kpecnijrb bi> AnfiBjet 
efl uapH H MHonm ApyrHxi>; Butcro Hero nocraBjeHi 6bijrb bi 
ropoAi Apyroi narpiapxi; e por le saint batisme preechier en fu 
occis li autres qe estoit patriarche en Aqnilee, qe Ten apelloit 
saint Hermachore, e maint autres pmdomes, pulceles e ueue da- 
mes e mariees, por ce que il auoient receuz le saint batisme. 
Mes apres lor mort fu la cristine loi moult esaucie qe en Aquilee 
qe en la Marche loiose por le preechement de mesire saint Pros- 
docime qe fu enesqes de Patauie, la maistre cite de la Marche 
loiose, qe il conuerti le buen roi Uitalianz, piere saint Justine, 
e tote la Marche Amoroso qe estoit en la subiecions de celui roi 
Uitalianz e qe apres sa mort fu en la subiecions de madame saint 
Justine qe fu pois morte por Maximiens empereres de Rome por 
ce q'ele ne uoust lasier la loi cristiene. Et adunc fist Dex maint 
miracles par li qe en Lombardie por les prechement des saint 
homes e por les miracles qe nostres Seignor lesu Crist fesoit por 
lor proieres. Mes lors quant li paiens d'Ongrie e des autres con- 
trees uirent ce e qe le saint batisme estoit multipliee en Ytaire, 
si distrent^qe il les destruiront touz. II auoit en Ongrie un rois 
que Ten appelloit Ostrubalz, celui rois auoit une file mout belle 

Ctfopnm n Ot^ H. ▲. H. 28 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



354 A. H. BECEJIOBCRlit, 

damoiselle de sa feme. La mere a la damoiselle estoit morte, qe 
neez fa dou lignage des Longobarz, e la damoiselle uenoit en 
aage de marierz, si Tamoit moult filz a baronz. La damoiselle 
estoit moult enparlant e comeuzoit a amer por bmpr (amor) ^) et 
estoit mout ioliue e la Ixxxrlif (luxurie) la enchauQoit de iors en 
iors. Et li rois Ostrubalz la baoit a doner a fame Auradianz li 
filz li empereres de Constantinople. E ce fu qe Justiniens estoit 
empereres de Constantinople. 

Quant li rois Ostrubalz d'Ongrie uit qe sa file estoit ioliue e 
si enparlant, si fist former une tor e la mist dedenz e li donoit 
maint damoiselles por li seruir, e fist former la tor sainz nul huis 
qe nul peust entrer dedenz ne oisir bors, fors a une corde li do- 
noit rem sa despense. Lors quant la damoiselle entra en la tor, 
son pere li donoit un petit liurier e li dist: Belle file, cost linrier 
voil ge qe tu nonris tant qe il soit d'aler en cace. Celle prist li 
liurier qe son pere li donoit, que mout estoit biaus e blanc come 
noif, si le nouri la damoiselle tant qe il fu grenet e uint en saut. 
Celui liurier couchoit souent ou lit de la damoiselle. II auint une 
nuit que la damoiselle estoit toute nue en son lit e li liurier estoit 
deioste li. La damoiselle estoit escaufee de la Ixxxrf (luxure), 
si adre^oit son nxentre (ceepxy: uentre) en uers le liurier, e li 
liurier sentiz la chalor de la damoiselle, s'adrfcokt (s'adre^oit) vers 
li; e pors le pecbiez dou monde il cpnxkt (conuit) la dbmpksfllf 
(damoiselle) cbmflfmf[n]t (carnelement). Grant fu li pecbiez e 
dolorous le domage, qe la dbmpksfllf (damoiselle) fu fncfnktf 
(enceinte) df[n]fbnt (d'enfant). Molt furent a malase les damoi- 
selles qe auec li estoient, quant elles uirent crpistrf (croistre) li 



1) B'b cj-J^AJiou^eM'b fijBLi^e aoHSOA'b nepennc^iHK'b, hjh cROp'be, ero opiirH- 
Haji*, CTapaicfl CA-IUaTb Bcpa36op(iMBMMH cjoBa, KOTopufl CHRTai'b codiaaRHTeib- 
HbiMM. Ha J. 22 o6. m 23 jmu. o6. usL^-h ntKOTOpuMH hs'b TaKHrb cjiobi* Apyran 
pyxa nnMcajia hxi b'b HacTOiitueM'b hxi* bh^'^, h 3to buhchiijo ub% npieirb, ctl 
noMOiAbK) KOToparo nzi* A'i^&iH HeBpasyMHTejibBiiiMB: corjiacHiiiii Be MtefutRCb, 
rjAcBijH aaMi^ii^ajHCb 6yRBaMH, BeaocpeACTBCRHO Hin> npoAmecTBOBaBmBMB bt> 
napRAKt aji^aBUTa, Banp.: fncfnktf= enceinte, dbmpksfllf = damoiselle; Benocjrb- 
AOBarejuBo: nxeatre (cBepxy Ha,mnicaBo: nentre). 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Bdl HGTOPIH POMAHA H HOB^CTH. 355 

nfntrf (uentre) a la file dou roi, e bien se perciurent aa semblant 
dou liurier qe il auoit gfx (gea) a li, si le bouterent hors de la 
tor en li fousez ou il se noia. La damoiselle estoit tant iree e tant 
corocee que ne le baoit autre cause fors que a soi ocire, mes le 
damoisellesqeauec li estoient ne la leisoient pas ne peu ne grant 
seule, e lors en parlerent au roi. E quant il oS cest fet, il fu co- 
rociez a desmesure, e neporquant il dist que la colpe estoit toute 
soe. Lors la fist hoster de la tor et la donoit a fame a uns barons 
d'Ongrie qui moult en fut liez. Les noces furent grant e plenie- 
res, que celai estoit moult rices hom e de haut lignaie. Si co- 
nuit sa feme, c'a I'enfanter tint I'enfant per suen, qe il le cuidoit 
vraiement auoir engendre. Mes quant I'enfant nasqui, il estoit 
demi a la semblance d'ome e demi a la semblance de cbienz. Si 
en fu la doleur mout grant e mort eusent la damoiselle a tout 
I'enfant, se ne fust par trois chouses: I'une por la peour dou roi, 
I'autre porce qe li rois n'auoit nul heir, si estoit le roiaume de 
la damoiselle apres la mort de sou pere; la tierce por ce que uns 
jueis qe mout estoit sale home de la loi et estoit de lui moult 
acointe, li dist qe celui enfant pooit bien auoir prise la semblance 
dou liurier qe la damoiselle auoit nouriz en la tor, quant son mari 
estoit auec li e la conosoit carnelement, se la damoiselle baoit a 
celui point au liurier de tout son cuer. E lors le traist auant 
I'estoire de Jacob quant il aloit a seruir Laban son oncle por ses 
tiles auoir a feme e qe il fist la couenance de auoir toutes les 
bestes uaires, e son oncles deuoit auoir les autre toutes. E le 
contoitl'enging que Jacob en fist, qe il escor^oit verges de main- 
tes mainieres e les gitoit en I'eue ou les bestes beuoient, e li 
mascles les bsbkllogfnt (asaillloient) illec et au nestre de bestes 
uenoient toutes uaires. Tant dist li jueis de Jacob e des autres 
ensembles, qe il firent culpes e firent nourir I'enfant mout riche- 
ment. E ensi fu Atile nez e non autrement. Mes celui jueis sa- 
uoit bien le estoire dou Menotaur qe auoit este nez en Cret d'un 
taure e d'une feme, dont il n'en descouuri pas I'estoire a celui 
point ne a cele foiz, ' 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



356 A. H. BECEJOBGKIH, 

BbipOCIDH H BOAapHBmHCB, AlTHJa HaBOAHTB HE BCtXT* CTpaXl 

CBoeio xpa6pocTi>K) b HeHaBHCTbio, KOTopyio nHTaeTL kx xpHcria- 
HaMi. Ero nepBWH iiOABHrt — ocaAa AKBHjieH (ropoAa, nocxpoeH- 
Haro TpoflHCKBME 6trjiei^aMB), rjifk aaparL qapb Menapus. Obti 
BbitdHcaeTi> mii ropoAa, a ero jiioah 6bioTCfl ci ocascAaioiiiHiiB 
(f. 24 JLBu,.: Cumanz, Blach, Ongre e Bolgre); bt> noeABHKt ct> 
MeuanoM'b Arrajia c6Brb ct> kohh, ho ero jwah ero hoahajib. Me- 
Hani) fl ero 6parb Ariochus, paaeHbiB bi> 6ok), B03BpaiiiaK)TCfl nocjt 
BbuasKB Bi) ropoAi), a Annjia paarH'&BaH'b b Bbipascaerb CBoeMy 
KOHHeTa6j[io Acinacus onaceaie, KaK^-6bi HenpiflrejiB ue yqBHBJur 
qero HoqbK). Ho bmI) He ao tofo; MeHani> OTOcjiaxb paHeHbixi. bi 
Graz (Grade), aKorAaHaApyroH AOHb ArrBJia BOdofieoBBJH) o(5cTpi- 
jBBaHie ropoAa, b caMi) TyAa 6'UmBTb c% cbobmb pbii^apflMB a npo- 
CTbiM'b HapoAOMi, HanepeAi) o6MaHyBi> ocanAaK)mflxx asBicTHofi 
BbiAyMKofi: AepeBflHHbiua KyKJiaMB, KOTopbia a opaHBTbi 3a nacro- 
amflxb BOBHOBi>. 06MaHX ysHaHii no coKOjy, GeanpenaTCTBeHHO 
yc^BDieMycH Ha OAHy aai qyqejfb; AKBaiea B3flTa, orpafiJieHa h 
BbiacseHa. 

AajibHtaDiiH paacKas'b nepeHOcarb nacb uoji'h cx^Hbi Gorde, 
une uile moat belle e mout defensable qe I'en apelle Goncordie 
(f. 25 o6.); f. 26 JBU.: xaifb si s'estoit ia mis un prudome, rois 
coronez estoit e nouuellement cristienez il et sa fame, e son pere 
auoit este rois et estoit apelez Galayphe, dou linaie Uitalians li 
roisdePatauie, li pere saint Justine. Mout aidoit celui preudome 
les cristiens de tant com il pooit e de son cors e de sa ien. II 
auoit une fame moult belle dame e cortoise et amoit molt la cris- 
tientes. Gelui rois auoit non Gilius et la dame Adriane. ... II estoit 
rois de Patauie qe Pen apelle orendroit Padue. II dist a la reine 
lors quant il se partoit de Peue (IlaBifl? Ilfmyfl?) qe en uers la mer 
s'en alast e amenast auec els ses grant tresors, ses filz et ses files. 
Ona BbicajKBBaeTCfl Ha MopcKoirb ocrpoBt, fa* nocxpoaja nacoBHio 
a HasBajia ee les angelus Raphael. Htareja KoHKopAia TaKse 
BbicbuaioTb BSTi ropoAa aenmaffb a a^tob en I'isle dou mer, s'a- 
pelerent li leus Gaurol (Gaorle = Gaprula). — Gilius, li reis de 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HGTOPIH POM AHA H DOB^CTH. 357 

Peue (f. 26 o(Jop.; BaAo-6bi: de Patauie), sanepmiHca bt* Koh- 
KopAiH BMicrt cb Cordes li rois de Concordie, BbixoAHn> ua 
BCTpfeHy ATrMt, KOTopowy 6bijn> ho^lk) Btmifi cohi: MeacAy opo- 
WMi) OHii BHAHTb uns home qui li trengoit la teste. SuaneHie axoro 
cHa o6^flCHaeT^l ewy KaKOH-xo sortier: AxTHjra no6'feAHn> h ua 
axorb pa3T>, ho CyAerb y6HTi> BnocjitACTBin MyHeiwb, npeACxaBHB- 
meMCH ewy bt> BHAtfliH. Sortier yKa3biBaexT> ero — bt> Gilius't, 
npeABOAHxejt nepBaro nenpiaxejibCKaro nojKa. Axxhjmi xoqexi, 
oxBpaxHXb HcnoiHenie CBoero CHa. 

BflXBa noA'B KoHKopAiefi; bi> qHCJrfe ee san^HXHHKOB'b uns cuens 
de Peue, . Peron, npoxHBTb Koxoparo Bbicxynaexi Armanas, uns 
Cumans. Kopojb KoHKq)AiB B3flxi> b% nj'i^Hi, ho ox6hxi> oAmwb 
pbii^apeMii, ContareroM'b. — flofiiAa nacxopoH* aaniHXHHKOB'b ro- 

pOAa, HO OHH BBAHX1>, «1X0 BWb AOJIFO He HpOAepseaXbCfl, B HO^lbEO 

yAajiflioxcfl Ha Kopa6jaxT>. Ynacxb ropoAa xa-ate, qxo h AKBBJieH; 
mwrem h Gilius yAajiflK)xcfl bI) Anthenoride, ropoAiii HasBanHbiH 
BHocitAcxBiH Atilie, e Ten I'apelle orendroit Altin (f. 28 06.). 

BciOAy, KyAa hh noKaawBaexcfl AxxHja, JKHxejiH uanepeAT* 6t- 
ryrb kt* Mopw, fa* cejiaxca h cxponxca na ocxpoBaxi. TaKTb 0H^ 
uHKoro HeHamejii> bi Feltre, Belnn h bI) oAHOH'b 3aMKt f. 29 06.: 
li casteaux auoit nom Ansul et Oudherz (Oderzo) de gastail e 
Treuis la cite Amoreuse. — IIoAt AxHJiieK) npoHCxoAHx^ 6HXBa h 
noeABHOKi> Gilius'a cb Axxbjioh; h sA^cb mmem yAajHioxcfl (f. 29 
06. — 30 JiBi^. nepeiHCjeHbi hxi hobbio noceiKH), ropoA^ BbiacHceH-b 

B HHKOFAa He 6bUl> Cb XtXl> nopi B0306H0BJ[eH^. 

Gilius oxnpaBJiaexca kt, ce6t B'b Patauie, MaHexca, qxo Bcxpfe- 
xHxcfl ci AxxHJioH H 6yAexi> 6HXbCfl cb nHMi Ha CMepxb (aeeHHiHHbi, 
AtxH H cxapHKH BbicejeHbi; nepeqncjieHbi nocejieHifl). — AxxHja 
noA'b IlaAyeH, KyAa co6pajiocb, ua aaoiHxy ropoAa, mhofo jiom- 
fiapAueBi); bxi npeABOABxejib cuens de Pauie, Naimeris li lombars 
(f. 30 JiBi^. 06.). Gilius oCoApaexi. cbohxi (He prince d'Est et uos 
seignor uaillant!), a caitfi owb hoxoahxi na Hector li ardiz qui 
deuant Troie per son cors seulement trespesoit les greignors ba- 
tailles. YAapb Gilius'a omejioMHJi AxxBJiy, ero paxuBKH cfo aa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



358 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

lAHTHJH. Ha ApyroH muh oni* nocbuaerb Gilius'y busobi: nycTb 

nOMipflGTCH Cb HBMl OAHlfb HE OAHOFO. B^ CltjiyiOmeWb 3a TtM'b 

ooeAHHKt Gilius noBepraerb npoTHBHBKa na seiiJK), xonerb cHarb 
roiOBy, HO HBHJiBCb cBAtBiuie Bi sacEA'i^ yrpbi h otChjh ATTBiy, 

KOTOpblfi BeJIHTb nOBtCBTb Hl'h E HX^ KOHeS: 3aqtMl> OHH BMt- 

majHCb B^A'i^Oy noJOHccBHoe MeacAy bm^ e 6ilius'oui>? Ohi> sama- 
TBJCH 6bi fl caui. — AiTHja croBTb doa^ IlaAyefi ceub Jitrb; ae 
CyAy^H BT> cocTOBHifl AOJibme AepacaTbca, Gilius yAajflexca bt> Ri- 
mans, KyAa sa mwb cjitAyerb h ArrHja (rpao'i Pbmbhh Asmon^; 
CO cTopoHbi AiTBJbi ynoMBHaercfl BoeHaqaJbHHK^ Valgrus, f. 33 
JBU.). — Bi dBTBaxi uo]Kb Pbmhhb noCtAa ea CTopoet Gilios^a; 
ArrBJiy CHOBa noctrajo ero Bto^ee CBOBBAtflie, a Gilius'a bsb^- 
maiorb 6jB3K0fi noMon^H Acharins princes d'Est, Alfans cuens 
Visentinz et Marcels cuens de Feutre (f. 34 jbi^.). Bi xorb-Hte 
Acub HBjflCTCB fl3^ KoucTaHTHHOoojifl dux capitcl, capitels li dux 
Daire^ GbiBmifinpaBETeibPaBeHnbi; KorAa ropoAi> OTAajiCfl ArrHit, 
Daire oTiipaBHica bt. KoHcxaHTBHonojb KiBMnepaxopy Eradianz— 
H Tcnepb BBBJiCB c^ o6tu;aHieM'b rpeqecKofi oomoo^b. 

ripBroTOBjeHifl ki Gbtb^; bi> qacjt samBTHBKOB'b ropoAa yno- 
MBuaioTCfl: Varnerins li marins, BHa^e: li marchis Vamerins de 
Fan.... par sa noblecez fu apele la Marche — Marche de Guar- 
ner; li cuens Asmont (Bbime Asmon^, rpa^i Pembhh); cuenz 
Asmodee (hjh Asmonde) d'Ancone; Matolsels de Rimanz li noble 
catains; co CTopoQbi ArrBJibi: Luculus, ea^iajbHBK'b KyMae^; li 
rois Bougris Libamgratis bjib Gratis Libans (li bans?); Malducas 
li Blac. — BsTBa cocToarb Esiy pnAa nocAflHKOB'b; h ea arorb 
pa3i> no6tAa ocxaeTCfl 3a xpBcriauaiifl. 

AxTBja nocbuaerb kt> Gilius'y pbii^apn Artabius ci npeAJO- 
MteHieBTb f. 38 JIB^.: que il (t. e. ArrHja) le metra en saisine de 
tauille se tu voi leisier la loi qe tu as prise. Gilius oxKasbiBaerb. 
ToPAa Arnua 3a3biBaerb kt> ce6t bi maxepTj nHJBrpflna, Mt- 
iifleTCfl Cb uHM'b Djaxbeirb h B^ o(5pa3t najOMBBna H3T> CBaxoft 
3eiiju npoBBRaerb bi Phmbbh. Oniy roBoparb Ha lange francische; 
OKOJO ABop^a Asmont'a ohti BBAHTb AByx^ pbmapefi, arpaiomHX^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA H DOBI^CT^. 359 

vb raaxMaTbi: Gilius'a h Asmont'a; npHCMaxpHBaeTCfl Kb nrpt, 
Bb]»HAafl BpeMfl, qT06bi nopasHTb Gilius'a OTpaejeHHbiMx KHH}Ra- 
join> — H HeofiAyMauHo npoBtmnjcfl en langage de Ongrie, koto- 
pwH Gilios noHHMajTB, h6o bi IlaAyt y eero 6biJii dnigumans 
(f. 39 jIBu.). Gilius ysHaj-b ero, ArrHja npHHynAeH'b CKasaxb, ci 
KaKOK) utjbio npHinej'b, h Gilius CHocHTb eny rojiOBy. F. 40 isq.: 
In telz mainiere com ge uos di fu ocis Atile 11 flagelzs Dlex por 
la mains dou rois Gilius li bon rois Gandians, si ensi de lui li 
Candiens qui se herbergere auec sa mere en Uenise. 

FojiOBy AxTHJibi noKasbiBaiorb ero BoficKy; oho na'iHHaerb 
OTCTynjeuie noAt HaqajibCTBOMi Panduccus'a (Apyrifl BMOHa yrp- 
CKHxt BOHCAeS: Gorsipels, Arieuels, Marieltes, Aribacels, Ascu- 
belins, Alcucharis, Galulus). — BerBbi no nyrfl: na yrpoBi eana- 
Aaiorb HrajbHHi^bi h rpeqecKoe boScko hoat* HaqaJlbCTBOM^ Era- 
dius li filz Tempereour Constantinople (ynoMHHaeTCfl : Alexandre 
li nies I'empereres Justinius h ap). Yrpw oopaateHbi, Panduccus, 
KOToparo Gorsipels noKHHyjrb, Tarao yflAfl CTb CBOHurb 0TpflA0MT> bt> 
fioHrpiK), npocHTb nepeMHpifl, ho h caM'B yAaiflOTCfl raHKOMi. 
Vl3&bm2LKb CMepxH orb pyKH xpHCTiaHi, oht> Haraejrb ee HapoAHnt, 
orb pyKH Gorsipel'fl. F. 44 j»m.: De ce furent Ongres moult co- 
rociez, mes il ne le porent amendier. — Deo gracias. 

Corociez — amendier bt, kohu* paacKasa OT3biBaioTCfl phomoh; 
BT> caMOMi) H3jiOH(eHiH saMtTHbi dHHqecKifl o6n^ifl MtcTa: cjii^Abi 
CTHxoTBOpHaro opm^Hajia — Hjib 3HaK0MCTBa aBTopa Cb CTHJieifb 
4>paHK0-HTajbflHCKHXT> chausons de geste? 



Bi. aaKJuoqemR upefjKOTRy HtcKOJbKO nonpaBOirb kii cjr^AyK)- 
n^eny Aajite xeKcxy noaHancKHX'b noBtcxefi. Oht> 6biJT> Hane«?a- 
Tani npemAe, qi^Mi* a Morb osHaKOHHTbCfl cb cooTBtTCTByiou^HMB 
sanaAHbiMH BepciHMH. Ont-TO ByKasaja mo* HaH^KOTopbifl Hcnpa- 
Bienifl, qacTbH) KOTopbIX^ a Mori) BoeoojibsOBaTbCH npe HaDe«iaTaHiH 
Moero BBeAOHiH. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



360 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

^ajte ccbiJKH CAiuiaHbi ea CTpaHHaw IIpHJiosKeBifl. 

Cxp. 7, CTpoKa 4 csepxy: tot. ryjieuiCKaro b^. cyjemcKaro. 

Cxp. 22, cxpoKa 3 craay: tot. a hh bm. aKH. 

CTp. 25, CTpoKa 19 cji^a- Cj^Ayen* xaKi* paacTaeHTb SHaKH 
npenHHaHifl: aTpbimaHi* peK^b: W 6o»e, kojih 6bi to Morjo 6biTH, 
dbixi) rzi 6bU'b 3AopoBi>, He npocBJi) 6bix 6ora! EoJiaieH AeceTH 
AHen naHi>Ha npbiKiaAaja 3tjibe». 

CTp. 39, CTpoKa 15 cenay: IIotom, tot.: IIo tom = bo 4>paHi^. 
poMant ainsi. 

CTp. 44, CTpoKa 8 CHHsy: enjer Tpbiman c oahmm naxojKOMT, 
B 3 MarymeM. Hbt.: ch oABbiM naxojKOiwb b3 (= ci) MarymeM, 
BO *paHi^. TeKcrfe: Tristan et le nayn. Cj. CTp. 43, CTpoKa 14 
CHB3y: peK Marymy xjionqy. 

CTp. 76, CTpoKa 15 CBepxy: CopejOHC^, hbt.: CopejioBc^. 

CTp. 81 , CTpoKB 7 — 8 CBepxy. HaAO TaKi. pacnojo;KBTbTeKcrb: 
((Cb cyjnmaMB (Eumea Tpuu^oHoea 3h FaAUKJomoMz), Konei^ tmx 
piieB nycTBJT'b ca tuAHH» b t. a. 

CTp. 83, CTpoKa 14 CHBsy: CBpejOHCKoe, tot. CBpejiOBCKoe. 

CTp. 94, CTpoKa 14 CHB3y: ^oJOTa, hbt. ^o[Mo]jOTa. 

CTp. 124, CTpoKBG — 7 CBepxy: tot. «AHaoJOT bbacji tUAHoro 
TpaBHBKa, a wb Tpasy neccTb h pene: Pbmapy, who CAeTb pbmep» 

H T. A. 

CTp. 122, 1 CTpOKa CBepxy: HMa3T, tot. b MaaT. 

CTp. 129, CTpoKB 10 — 1 1 CHHsy: naAO naTOTb afiaaai cocjobi: 
«Tyrb BcpHBMo ca, noBCAaHMO)). 

Ctp. 131, CTpoKa 7 CHHsy. Hbt.: «y6Bji ccmh ero, naHB. — 3a 

TO X0Hy» H T. A- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



H31> HCTOPIH POMAHA B HOBtCTH. 361 

Cxp. 140, cxpoKE 9 cHHsy: rajbua, tothh: Fajbua (ht. 6a- 
la^o). 

Cxp. 160, crpoKH 7 — 8 CHHsy: ^tST, noexa.1. 

Cxp. 171, 1 cxpoKa CHHsy: ero, qnx. eA. 

Cxp. 173, 2 — 3 cxpoKH CBepxy: qnx. KaAWKOM. 

cxpoKa 8 ceepxy: MaxpbiHycT>, ^hx. MaKpbiHycT>(?) 

Cxp. 181, cxpoKa 14 ceepxy: MapxHWH, nm. MapKH«HT> (?) 

Cxp. 232, 3 cxpoKa CHH3y: bm. KaMy qHx. Paey. 



«o><K*> 



23* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 

J 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nPMOafEHIfl. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IIoqHHaeTbCA nosecTb w BHTesAX c KHHri cdp6%cKBx, 

a SBJiaii^a iv cjaBHOMi pbiAdpu Tpbic^aH[e], tu Ani^ajOTe h 

u) EoBe H HHmbix'b MHornxi BHTesex Ao6pb][x'b]. 

Bhin Kopojb HMeH[eM'b K] jeBAaci, ivHiMtji [eeajflKyio jh>6ob 
c Ko[poieMi] AnojoHOMi, h a<xa hxi BejHKoe jioGobb ifemKai 
ivAHffb y Apyroro opbiexaBmbi co bchmh cjiyranH h ABopoM 

CBOHMl. H npbltxaj KOpo[jb] AoOJOHI 3 ABOpOM CBOHITb AC KOpOJA 

KjieBAaca h ifemRajTb b aero ao roAy. H 6bija y KopojA Anojoaa 
KpaiesaA BejiMB xopo[ma], a KopojA KjieBAaca cbiHi 6bUT> BejMH 
AoCpbin loeaK h BHTesb BejbMH Aofipbie, h posMHJOBaji CARopojieBoe 
AnojoHOBoe sejiHROK) mbjoctk), h Bse 6ojiinT> ne Mor Tepntm h mo* 
BHXb en u) cBoeH BeiHROH Ry hch muocth, ajie tuea hh RoropbiM 
u)6biqaeM^BaT0 He xoreja no3BOJHTH, h peRja eiiy: tsiRO TUMHtw 

TOM He BlCTblAHin CA MOBHTH? BHAeBIUbl VVHl Bm HO MOFl R TOMy 

npbiHTH, HCAaji Rojra ca podieAyrb Ropoj AnojOHi> wt RopojA 
KjOBAaca ao CBoero RopojiOBCTBa, h tofam cmh RopojA KiesAa- 
coB HanpaBHJCA h bsaji 3i> C060K) AoSpbixi loeaROB b TOBapbim- 

CTBO, H BaC&I B Ay^^pOBaXl) tUAHblX 6JIB3R0 AOpOFH , H ROJB CA [Kb] 

muy npbi6j[H»Hj Ropoib Adojohx, a cvhh ca HanpaBBBmu acAajiH 
RopoiA AnojoHa b BAapbUH ea Hero h ero caMoro noHMaBmbi 
ivRpyrae 3paHUB, c ROTopux pan «biB 6biTH ho mof, h [bck)] 
ApysHHy ero no6HJH. H peR^ Ropojb Adojiohi cbogh RopojeBOH« . 

pe TaR CA crajo h Tara tuRpyTHan CMeprb 

a BejiME CMyTHa b HcaiocTjiBBa H peRia 

Toe dio crajo ca. H ROjni ca cbi[Hx] 



2 A. H. BECEJOBCRlfiy 

wffB yBomoi ys-OAHyKOMopy BwcoKy [Kopoie-] 

BOA yBeAeaa xoTenu cdojihhth cbo 

KopojieBarzi to BHAeja hh jula nee mhofo [peiua] 

eMy: \ju jhxhh sjbiH qeiOBe^e, mob rocnoAapi npbimo[j['i>] 

(CTp. 2)AiA[T]BoeH Ao6poe cjiaBbi, aTbiero w CMepTb npbiapaBHjfb h 
xoT&i [6]hi ecH en^e MeHe oocopomothth, aie to ho MO»e 6biTB. [H to] 
peKmbi cuTcrynBJia wr Hero n CKo^bi la yB-oKHO BOJibMH 3 Bbi[coKoro] 
naiaoy h aaSuacA ea CMepTb. Kojni wwb noBtAai h peK: 121 cam. . 

M yMopbixb TaKyw KopoieByio 3 cero CBiTa TaK pyAHyio 

tunaTpiHocno. H wu ajaRaBmbi h Ka3ajn» ee norpecTH, oocjai [irb] 
Kopojk) Anojoay pae pjeAtTH^ h noBeAajH eMy bhci hub ho Momer 
6biTH, H wR ero Kasai nycTvnr. H kojh vMep Kopoib Abojohi, 
tuTKasan rkio ero b pexy BRBHyBmbi yTonimi. H kojh BKHHyjH 
B poKy, 6bu y Hero u^ahhi* xoprb, KOTopbiH cut Hero hrkojh HRrAO 
He viuTcrynoBajy aie 3a nanoM cbohm moii> y peKy ujaBOM Hn^^bi 
B pei^ nana CBoero, h namoji ero boimh y rjy6oK0M BHpy, h 
HABmbi ero 3a pyKy e bubojiok na 6eper 3y6aMH cbobmh, h buko- 
naBiDbi t2iMy HoraMH cbohmh h nojoacbu b Hee nana CBoero h 3aR0- 
naji necKOM, aiT06bi ero He namojii hh wkblh 3Btp%, h ctjrb na 

iUHOB MOrHie, mT06bl mop BHAeTH. 

H notxajii Kopojb KiOBAacb b jOBbi h exaji tuAHbiM ydpe^dM 
H MHoro 3Btpy nojOBHJTb H exai [ay] ivAHOMy ix)poAy, h npuCju- 
mbwh CA Ky viuHOMy xopiy AnojOHOBy. Xoprb yBHAOBmbi jh>ah h 
no^aji) BbiTb BejMH BbicomiMi pojocom; kojh Kopojb BHAeji xop- 
Ta, H nocjaj bha^th hito ecr. Wbe noexajH h BHAeBmbi hobo- 
AajH KopojK) MOBOHbi: HaM CA bhaht raKo6bi qejoBtKi hobo yKo- 
nan, a xopx ctobt na rpo6e a HHPAt ne BAeTb 3% rpo6a. A ko- 
pojb 6bu BejMH MyApi h noexaj caM BHAOTb wnoro [xopTa]. 

H peKJl>: To eCT XOpT KOpOJA AnOJOHOBl>, KOTOpblH 

a TO ecT MOH HaSojmbiH npbitzrrejb 

[HJCKasaji MorHjy, mToCbi BHAAJ'b MepTBeua, 

Jl B2K CblJ'b KOpOJb AnOJOH'b, B BAa- 

[pbiji> ca] COM, roBopt«ibi: Bme-m ccmh 3arH6% 

H HanfioJbmbiH moh opuATejb yMep 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POHAHl H OOBI^CTH. 8 

hiM euy 6biTH yxoBaay. H actii h h cro 

Hhin B c DjaieMi, co cjeaaiiH, h ica^u ero noHecxH 

KOTOpUl OhUL-b HeAEJeKO UUTTyjb, H B^paSfflbl 

(crp. 3) T&io KopojA AnoJOHa »k ecr norpeCHo, nojosbu ero B'b 

KOIDT A nOTOMl) KOpOJ KjCBAaCl KasaJTB KJHEaTH no BCHM 

MtCTaM [a6bl CA AOjBtAaXH, XTO BMOpbU KOpOJL4^ AnoiOHa, xo- 

Te%i Toro Beji[MH BOJiHKiHifB] AapiMH AapoBam ecjni 6bi w tom 
XTO nrro naBH[oro BOAaxb, a ecjB me] 6bi xto bsam, a h& xor&i 
npaBAbi caoBOAaTR, TaKOH Maer Cmth KOioirb KapaHi>. H rojh 
Bbinua iuTiKopojiA 3aD[oBiAb. • . . AtBKa AnojoHOBa] peiua: Fo- 
<^7Aapy KopojK), ecjiB 6bi ecH 6bij u; . . . . B^tfiso w Kopojio Ano- 
jOflOi MKOH) aH CMepTbK) [yuepi, H Mory th ace] cnoaeAaTH; bo- 

AJyrb TBoero nmoCy npomy xefie lacKH. Pen Kopojn»: 

w iDTo Meae CyAemi npocimi AaM th. H Atsica Bce 

cnoBOAaia no paAy, »Ri> ca ero [cbm posMHJjoBaxb Kopojesoe 

AnoiOBOBoe h ne Morb ee HnaK yB-OAHOH AyCpoBO h 

b6hji uymsL ee KOpojA AaoJiOH[a h bcio ApyjsRbiHy ero no- 

6hj, h iziKi CA KopoienaA y6Bja 31 »a[iocTH no Kopojio h no- 
TOMii] mTO CA HbiHHjo no paAy eny cnoBOAajia. H peK KopojK> Kjiob- 
Aac: Cbia mob h Meae saryCHj h Anojona. H nociaji no cbma Ano* 

joHOBa BaTH noKH 6bi Mti jtTa. H noTOM no- 

ciaj no CBoero cbiaa, h koih u;hi> nepoA nero npbunoj, none- 
A^JTb na Hero BejMH cepA[HTO h pemb: HaAJsiHbiH liOBtqe, yMopbu 

ecH iVAHoro tun Ao6p [Ha6ojn>]moro npbirarejiA y 

HOHM AOMy, a ifene ecH Aie TaRi xo^y B^bmn- 

TH, H»% ivsMeni saniaTy aioro npucroHT. A kojh 

wH'b BHA Boe 3Joe Bojra npoTHB ce6e, h aaBOJiai: FocyAapy, 

Kopojb He nopynibij ca hb wAHbui nEiocp'bAbeii'b. 

. • icaaai wroHb Kjacni h cbina CBoero b Hero BRHnyTH. 

Tat2i AtBRa, ROTopam to cnoBeAaja, h noRjeRByBmbi . . . : FocyAapy 
RopojK), Aepxasbi mh cboh nuioC »ri> mh ecH tuCei^aj'b. [U Ropojb] 
peRi: AtBRO, roBopbi. H AtBRa peRja: Ilpomy Te6e TBoero Cbma. 
H HopoJU> peRi>: Fotob th ecT, ajie Maer npbiHATH CMepTb. H na- 
3aj ero BCRHHyTH yB-oroHb wn BMep. H pen Ropou 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



4 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

AtBoa: IV3MH. . . . co6t » bojia raKOBoe HeMUOcpAbe. 

cro H n[orpecTH] 

(CTp. 4) [Aje to] u;cTaBM h BepHBMo CA Ky ivuoiiy Aoojohobj 
AHTATH, KOTopOMy HMA 6huo KaHAHeuii>, KOTopbiH y AoCpoH wuend 
y Kopoju KjeBAaca noKyji 6hu AoSpbiH bhtcs h BejHKoe AofipoTbi h 

3a ero 6bij rocyAapeiui KopHOBaiCKHM a eiHivHOCKHM h bch 

iv6a A Kopojib KjieBAacb Aaji 3a Hero AOHKy cbok) BMeHeM. 

By BejiHKOB MHJOCTH H jaci^d. n cniOAflJH A'^TH. .... 

[cTapJmoro nocraBBJH KopojeM KopeoBajcKBM'b, a MOJOA[moro eiHu;- 
uocKHMi], a EHbie mjiB DO CB^Ty pbl^^pcKflM^ tu6biqaeii ....an 

TaK CA 6biJH no cropoHax pocdjioahjib, bh ae mKBB aobb- 

HOBaTbiH ai6o KpeBHbiB Aaj kopojiobctbo ^opHOBajCRoe y 

pyKB KopoJiK) neiBiny, \x)m>. . . en MapKa, idto ca BpoAflJii> Mapra 
MtcHi^a, a Apyroro. . . bdujidiBSKOCMepTH, u/h KopyHOBaJl^ cbiaa 

CBoero Ha KopojeBCTBo KopuoBajbCKoe, Kopoib MapKo Aaj'b 

cecTpy. ... 3a KopojA MejiarziAyuia , KOTopbiH fibui bojimb. .... 
y GjBVJUHOce. GjHoCeja KopojOBaA 6bija boimh h coSoko y 

BeJBKOH MBJOCTH SSbUH E AHBHO CA Ha36blT. ... a KOpOJOBa TRhiM 

3a HHM MHoro jtTy a Aeres ne Mtja, a hotom. . . . acbiBore hjioa 
HOCHja, h Bce kopojobctbo. . . . yspaAOBajo ca HceAaK)qbi h'I^th ho- 
tom. ... Ha. H Hoexaj Kopoj y JOBbi 3 MHo[rHMHpbmdpbi], h npbi* 
exaa Kb wahoh boao, npbi KOTopoa yMopi*. ... A npbiexajia wjuaa, 
AtBKa, KOTopam ero [bojimh jiH>6Bjia fiojun] hhhuh cana ce6e tur 
HHorBx Jitrb, A«VA [too mhjiocth wHa caMa ero] Morja hbhth r 

pefua: Muoro roBopaTb 6bix m TaKyio AoSpoT nosHaja, 

» Gbixi* TcCe npbiBeJia y TaKOBoe MtcTo, pa* 6bi tm npw Benepe 
BBAOJi i^AHyio ptq, rziKOBoe ecH Aaaao ne BHAaji. Kopoj CyAy^bi 
BejMH AoOpbiH pbic^ap »eAaji bbaoth Tyio pe4. (AJaa poKia: rzt Te6e 
DOBOAy Tan. H Kopojb ctj Ha KOHb H peKi A'i^Bi^d: BceAa«^ nooAy 
sa ToCoK). H liuna exaia Aoporoio. . . -. omi* exajia a ho- 
tom H0<n> 6bua b [BHA]ejR bcimh BUibi 

«IHJH (CTp. 5) MHOnie BeJIMB BeceiO npblHAJIH KOHA HOA KOpOJOM h 

36poH). A TO CbiJi ropoA tunoe a'I^bkh; ivna ero noBejia yB*0AHy 
BeJiMH xopooiyio KOMopy^ h kojh 6bu kopojb y JoacuHUbi, npeMe- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPm, POM AHA H nOB«CTH. 5 

Huo CA KOpojiK) cdpi^a H Mbicjib H HO 6bija eBiy na Bwk ero kopojie* 
BaA a HH 6jiHiuHoc KopoieBCTBO ero hh cjiyni, tojiko ivnaA A'feBKa, 
KOTopaA ero ysejia ao Tor[o] ropo^a h» Cbiji ahbho saiapoBaH. 

BBAeBinbi to KopojieBbi BHTe3fi, mm m 6huo KopojiA kojko ach, 
H exajH ero HCKaTH b ho mofjh ero eaBTH a hh lu HeMi> b^aomocth 
NiTH. H cuHaA KopojieBdA BBABmbi 3^ C060K) u)AHy A'i^BKy H caMa 
noexajia HCKaTH KopojA MejHtnAyma, a6bi to Morjia iv HeMi r^Kyio 
BtAOMocT iftTH. H BexajiH y BejHKoe Ao6poBbi h mhofo SiyAHJH, 
HmyHbi no bchx cropoHOHax KopojiA, h noTKajra Mepinna npopoKa, 
R MepjiHHT* no3ApaBHJi KpojreByio. H wna eiiy na to poKJia none- 
cnene h peiua: ^o6pbiH qejiOBeqe, ecjH CvAem cjbixaji aji6o Maem 
rziKyH) Bi^AOMOCT IV MoeMi naey Kopojiio MejnrrziAymy, KOTopbm 
3rH6^ 663 BtcTH, MA 6ora ooBtAaR mh, ecjiH »cbiB ecrb. MepjiHH 
peK^: FocnoHto, npaBAy TO(Jt noB^AaM, h« oct acbiB, 3AopoB h 
BaibMH Becej TaKii, etr hhkojh nepoA tmm TaK Beceji He 6biBaji; ajie 
Tbi BHce ero cbohnr uiqRMa ne MO»cem braoth. VI to peRmbi 3rnHyj 
uiT nee, r i^na 6biia BejibMR Hcaiocna r no^iajia TyanrrR h njanaTR, 
Kjenyqbi AOHb poweflA CBoero r roARny Tyio, b KOTopyw ca poARJia; 
R XTO 6bi Toe BRAAJii> HC 6hu 6bi TaKii TBepAoro cap'bi^a, niT06bi 
Ha nee CMOTpe<}bi ne ojaKaji, r KopojieBOH po3MHO»biJia ca majocT r 
Heuorja A^JieH exaTR R3ctja rckoha. H npbimio 3 0Hoe TyrR qac^ 
.... nopomenbA r no^aia npocRTR Bora MOBeqbi: FocnoAR 6oHce 

tuTnyc[TR] Moe R npbiRMR b lacKy Aymy uoio. H peima en 

A*BKa: FocyAapRHe, wkt» ca Hyerai? PeKJia KopojenaA: TyT B«e 
MOR Konei^, TOJKO 6bi M<x Bopb npocTRjiT> yjoTh CepeueHR, mio 6bix 
MOFJia nopoARTH, a hsao mh[ok>] nexan ero CBAToe mrjtoctr 6yAerb 
BOiA. H pcKja: FocyAapRHe, hw. . . . ycicTR na KOHb, w 6biXTRno- 
Mona, exajiRCbixMO. . . . Mi. . . . ta'I 6bi mopjir mcth oroHb. Penia 
[KopoJieBara]. . . (cTp, 6) ne Mome 6biTH, TyT moh KOHe^, npocR Bora 3a 
Mene. H A'i^RKa no^aja BeJibMR rposno njaKaTR r ne BtAaJia, niTOMtjia 

B^IRHRTR WT HaJOCTR. H TyW BCK) HOI MyibUa CA, HSR 66 TOCyAa- 

pHHA Bi> BejRROR 6ojiecTR 6bijia, a pano na CBRTanbR nopoARJia ao- 
6poro BRTesA, a caMa ca npH6jimajia Kh CMepTR. H peiua A^Boa, 
KOTopaA A6pi»3Kaja arta: ^afi mh Moe abta. H A'i^BKa en noAajia, r 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



6 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi^, 

BBAeBEUbi KopojieBafl AHTA HaHnyAHenmoe , Koroporo nepeA tbim 
HHKOJH TaK uyAHoro He BBAaia cbohmh oibiMa, h peKja: Cbiey mob, 
Bejufl ecMB Tc6e seAaja bbacth, ajie kojib ta BB»cy 3 jacKB 6oaRoe 
aaBAyAHieBmoe ahta, KOToporo-M HBTAe hbkojb ee BVAaja wt 
aROHbi poficeHaro, Aa TBor^i Kpaca Mne HBqoro Ao6paro BqbiHHTB ee 
MOHceT, TOJfKO CMepTb A'A BeiBKoc MyKB, KOTopyK) Dpbi nopoHceHK) 
TBoeMi) ifaio. Ilpbinua ecuB scajocaa na cee h^cto b b iRaiocTB 
ecMB Te6e nopoAHja, aje hb Tat^s sajiocT y Becejie ca cuCepHyjia 
AJA TBoero noponeHA, b xoie 6biTfl Bme mob kohcii. A tu ca b 
acajiocTB poAHJTb, B nexaB To6'k 6yAeT bma H^oct. A kojb 6bi 
nan 6or sbiBorb tbob b Beceie b b paAOCTb ofiepHyjii a ero npo- 
BaABi! H TO peKmbi noAaia ahta A'i^Bii^a b caMa Bory Aymy Aua. 
If B TOTb CA qaci> poAHJTb Ao6pbiB BBTea Tpbim.aH, koto- 
poro qyAHbie A'i^a h Ao6poe BBTea^CTBO b KyAHue pi<ibi xo^ seiWb 
cooBCAaTH B rziK ero A^BKa Besjia. T/l kojib A^BKa BBAeia cbok) rocy- 
AapBHK) yuepjiyK), ivHa nonajra niaKaTB b ApaxB jraio cboc b 6biJ0 
ee qyTB bcjimb AaieKO, b Ha roioc Toe A'^^bkb npbiexajB ABa bb- 
TOBB, ivHH 6biJiB KpeBHbie H Cjbskbc KopojfK) MejBi/4^AyQiy. Kojb 
wHB BBAejB A'i^BKy B AHTA opbiKpbiTO KpoJieBoe njaii](OMi> [b Kpo]- 
jesyio MepTBy, uuhb peKiB: Kojb Kopojb MejBtziAyQi cfbCi [b ko]* 
pojeBarzi MepTsa, y6BM0 Hbi Toe ahta a 6yAeM0 [rocJaoAapu 6jbu;- 
Hocy. If TO qyBmbi A'i^BKa npbicrynBJa k hbmi> b peKja bm: Bb- 
Te3B, He rpemBTe nopeAi> Boroiii> Aynieio b bmomi>, [ne] B^BBaBTe 
Toro AHTATB, a rzi saM npbiCAraio Btpoio b Aytnefo^ [ditJo ero xoqy 
noHecTB yB-biHyio acMJio, ta* tu uewb hbkojb b^ctb ne [fiyAerb]. 
(A^Hbie BBTesB AaJB AHTA A'i^Bi^d H B3AJB Kopoje[ByK)] .... [neJcjB 
ee y ropoAi>. n JK)Ah no^ajB tobopbtb: KopojoBara 6biJB 6pe&itHHa, 

FAt CA nOA'&JO AHTA? H U)HB CA IVTMOBJAJB BIR He Bi&AaK)T AHTA- 
TH, HBaUH He MOrJB CA IDTMOBBTB TOM. 

If npbimoji MepjBBi npopoK b peRi bh: Bbi cctc naouB ko- 

pOJOByK) B AHTA B XOTOJfl GCTe AHTA 3a6BTB, HB»UB CFO A^BKa WT- 

npocBia, a to 6CTe xoTejH aja Toro yqBHBTB, a6bi ca bbji Tan 3eM- 
JA ^vciaja. ]/[ Qmfi pen MepjBH: XlanoBe, rzi BaM noBiMi> Bamoro 
KopOJiA Mejrn xAyma, KOTopbiB 3a6bij caifb ce6e b CBoero Kopo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 7 

jeecTBa h eac bchxi cjiyr cboax. Wm no^ajiH rosopHTH MepiHHy: 
npocHM TA, Dpo6orb, nostAb HaM Hamoro nana KopoJA MeiHA- 
Ayma. PeK MepjHHi>: ^o xpex Aee cro ysHAHre. H eCaHBUi Mep- 
jflHi> OAHoro HjaAeHua, KOTopbis 6bij KpojeecTBa cyjiemcKoro, hmc- 
newb roBopeapiiy KOTopbia fibii-b no6er 3 AORiy fiorziqbi ca um^a 
CBoero H 6paTa, a 6bijrb bcjimh Ao6pbiH h HyApbiB. H peK: IlaHe 
FoBopHape, u;3ifH cuHa KopoJieBa h xoBan ero a bim MyApocra h 
pbiitapi>CTBy, vm wwh Kb TaKOBOH Ao6poTH xone jipuHTB h k pbi- 
UdpiCTBy, xoTA He xo^em, hm ca tuneKam. 1/1 ivh lvTKa3aJ^: lA 
Te6e He BHaio, u)AHaK03K ero uisMy na mok) bojk) h Ha mok) nayKy 
H B u;neKy, tn ero xony xoBaTH h oneKaTH ca riki HafiojieH 6yAy 
Mor. A MepjHHi> peK: » ro&k ero AanaH. H hotom noexajH tu6a 
BMtcre H Apyroro aha opuexajB k oahoh pei^a, KoropoH hma Bpu- 
KHHA. C Toe peKH ecjH6bi KOTopaA ficoHa nejia, ho snocHJia 6hi ah- 
TATH AO qacy. H noAJie too peicH 6biJi ctojoii MypoBanbiB h na neM 
cjOBa 6biJH BbipbiTbi sAaBHa, KOTopbie roBopbUbi: Y cee boam 
xoTAT CA co6paTH HaHCoAinbie Tpbi pbn^dpbi. MepiHHi yRasajTb 
DHCMO, peKi: UIto to ecr? PeK roBopnapi: tzi qry cjona a ne b^mi, 
KOTopbie TO BBTe[3H]. VevTb MepjiRHi>: To iiaK>Tb Cuth HanCoib- 
uibie pbiii^dpbi Ha CBtTe, Faj. ... a (Uni^ajOT h XpbiniaHi, koto- 
poro (sic) ifaH)T 6biTH BbicoKoro capqa h pbii^dpcTBa, nm cb^t MaeT 

MiTH W HHXl BeJHKyK) pel H BOJEKyK) A06p01b, H v^AHH 3 HHX 

MaeTb 6biTH KopojieBHTb Bcero KopojieBCTBa. Aie ca BapyH a6bi ne 
DoinS TBOHM u>neRaHeiii>. Pen FoBopHapi: Mormii uuneKaHeii ne 
iiaerb noiUHyTH hokh tn 6yAy mopb. H kojh noexaji lurryib h npbi- 
exaj K^ A'i^BUd, Koroparzt xoBaja (cTp. 8) abta, a bhc fibiJia ero 
KpecTHja B Aaja euy hma »k KopoiesaA napeKja. PeKi> MepjuiHi> 
AeBi^: IIoHecH ahta y ropoA, 60 neroAHO ecT Tyrb Aopi^acan, 
Moace TaM naHTH ivTi^a CBoero. ^tBRa nonecjia ero y 6jbu;hoc, a 
MepjHH Doexaj c DanaMH rAt GbiJia wHaA nanHa KopojiA Mojha- 
Ayma Ba^aponaja, h TaM ee 3biMajni h peKjra en: Safi^CM ta ecjni 
HaHi He CHOBeAaem KopojA MejBtziAynia. H u^na mhofo xvrpoBaja 
inwb 6bi ero ne Aaja, mTO ero boamh MHJiOBaja Gojosrh HHaura caMa 
ce6e; h wbb ee rposno npaitOBajH, h u^na peKja: IIoHAHtH, a^m BaM 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



8 A. H. BECEJfOBCKlft, 

Bamoro uaea KopojA MeiHAAyma. H bcjimh ca Bi>3paA0Bajii, 3 Be- 
JHKBM Becejem npbimjiH y Gjihuhoc, tjt co bchm HapoAOMi> Bqbi- 
HHjra BOJHKoe Beceie. SaTbiM npbiexajia A'i^BRa 3 jifkreM y Gjihivkoc, 
noAaja ero Kopojio itTi^ ero, a Kopoj 6hu bojuih HcajocreH no ro- 

pOieBOH, KOJra BHAAJ AHTA DOTemblXb CA, iV KOTOpOlf BHHMai afibi 

ABTA 3 HeK) noFH^Jio. KoiB naHOBe BHAeJH TpbiiE^aHa h peiuH: Bch 
ecMO HHHemHHH AeHb BecdiH, h peiUH ea MepjiHua: Ilpopoirb tot 
To6i MHoro Ao6poro b^mehji. H peiai Mep^HH: Toe Ao6po, koto- 

pOe eCMH BaM B^blBBJl, BqblBHl'b eCMB fiOJfOl'b A<XA BHblX HHSUH 

AJA BacB. A Tenep BaMT> roBopy: MtHTO wneKy ui tomi ahtath, 
60 tuH MaeT npbiHTB Ha BejiiKoe Ao6po qejOBtnecTBO h ea cjiaBy 
cero CBtTa. 

Kopojb TO 6mem>i BejMH ca ahbiu h, u)tbcai> MepjiHHa, npo- 
CBJi ero a6bi eiiy cnoBOAaji, mro ecT ivbi. MepiHH peicb: Mory 
TH cnoBOAaTH, aje tu ma HBKOMy ho noB^AaH. Kopojib ca eMy o6e- 
i^aji; u)H'b peqe: rzi ochb MepjraHi> npopoK, m npbimojii BbiHMaTH 
Te6e ci> noHManrzi. y KOTopoMTe6e 6bua naHHa3aHapoBaia, aToecMR 
To6i& B^biHHJ'b MHjyioqbi TBoero Cbiea. PeKi> Kopojb: naae Mep- 
jHBe, noB^Ab MB, niTO tr ca braht vj Moewb cbmy? Pen MepiBHi): 
Maerb 6biTH Tpex pbii^poBi HaB^ojbnibiH pbin^epii bcjmh TBep- 
Aoro iRbiBora h MHorHMi> 6yAeT noTpeficH, r ho AaR ero b oneny 
QHKOMy TOJKO PoBopHapy H3i> FajiRymay to ecT qejioBiKi Bejn>MH 
Ao6pbiR H BepHbiR, TOT CA RMi) HacT Ao6pe ivneKaTH. Pen ko- 
pojb: ByAb Tan tziKii tu Bejram. IIotom MepjraHi> ujTTOJie npoi 
nomojTB [r] Ha »caAHbie npo36bi ho xor&jfb ca yuATR. H noTOifb 
KOpojHi mojTb K'b ji^hufi R Ki> CBoeMy CbiHy R obiTaji (cTp. 9): Baca 
jHKpeii^eHO ARTA? PeKja A*BKa: Yae. Pen Kopojb: raKi eny rma? 
PeKJia AtBKa: Xlane, rma eiiy ecT Tpbiman, Tan CMy MaTKa ero 
AEJa RMA yMRpaioibi. IIotom no3Bajrb Kopojib FoBopiHapa h peK 
CMy: iv3Mfl cbiHa Moero Ha cbok> nayny r xoBaR ero r ivneKaR ca 
RMi> TaK B'Ipuo R MyApo, UK 6bi ccR y copoMe He 6hWb^ R npbi- 
CTdB K HeMy MaMKy rziKi ecT nanATR foaho. 

To ivcTaBMO R noBOAaRMo a KopoiR Mapny KopnoBaiCKOM. 

Kopoji MapKO ntxb b ce6e 6paTa MoiOAmoro RMeneMi* Ilapjy, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB«GTH. 9 

Ao6poro pbiadpa. 6% tot qaci kojh ca Tpbia^aH poARJ, upbi- 
miH nocjbi H3i> OpiaeHAdH y KopHoeaji npocHTH AaHH, KOTopyio 
6biia AOiiacHH ivt ccmh ji^t. KrAbi to cnoeeAajH Kopojiio Mapny, 
wwh 6hm BejiMH cuyTeH; h bhaaj to 6paT ero Ilepjia, dito ca 
Kopoi aacTpambij) a CbiJio mhofo JioAes y rocTHJiBHiibi. Pen: 
IlpbiCTyDH RamAi>in cjiyxan. H peK: He jieKan ca, Kopojiio MapKO? 
HeAaBaHAaHH,ajieujTOHM0CAMeqoMi» aa bojh^ BaaioHc ecjH yiipeini 
ujT Me^a, nonecHo yHpein. PeK KopoJb: KoTopyio AftHb AftBajH nep- 
BtH, H Tenepii Toro ne Mory ihthhth ca. H peK Ilepja: rziK KOTopoe 
nepBO rjyne qbiHBJiH, TaKi> h tm xo^emi. 

Kopojib 3Haj 6paTa CBoero BejiMH Ao6poro puiiapa b ciftja r 
MfljiOBaea uit Aofipux xionfim r Biibicjraji'B 3a6RTR ero, a6bi eny 
naRiCTBa ae BBAjrb, b bo 6hu tofo aojifo. IIoexajiB iv6a b jiobm 
B cnpaaoBBJiB ca b apbiexaiB k oabob pei^a. Kopojb ca bbbbj, a 
Ilapjio npbiFByjrcA dbtb, Kopojb BbiBAii iieqi b TMXb fipara Ilepjy 
no rojOBO bojaib moe^ho, b Tlepjo TorAbisi yMepi). Kopoi 3ApaAHe 
b6bji 6paTa Ilepjiy no rojiose BeiMB Hovuahiwh yAapoM b CKopo 
CATO crajio, ToroaR'b <iacy MepjBH AaJi) saaTB AaiROJiOTy Ao6poMy 
pbio^apy; noTOHi Aai>ROJioTi> yAapbijrbKopoja ya-oibi: Tbi-cb 3ApaA- 
ae B6flJi> AoCporo pbii^dpa 6paTa CBoero. 

To uicraBMO b BepaaMO ca ao Tpuniaaa, KOToporo FoBopaap'b 
B3AJ aa cbok) u^neKy ivt KopojA MejiatziAynia. 

KoTopbiB Kopojb MejiBtziAyni 6biJi> BejBKaa qac ae «eaflB- 
mbi CA nocie Kopojieaoe GjawCejbi. IIotom B3Ajrb Kopojieaay 
3 Majioe 3eif IB 3a ce6e; waai^ naaa 6bija AOCbiT i^A'baa. (cTp. 
10) A KOJiB u)Ba fibua npbinua, b tot nac fibuo Tpbin](aay ceif 
xtvb. A 6bIJl^ TaK i^ABbia, urn aa cb^to ae Obuo eiiy poBaa, toji* 
KO AflOdJOT. A 6bijrb y Maqoxa ero cbia, a uiaa rojb BBA'&ia Tpu- 
ntaaa Taaxopomoro a 6op3AO pocTyqa, fioeqbicA, B^inoAi) ee cbi- 
aoM ui3MeTb naacTBO, a Cbiay ee 6hu u)ABa roA^b, a BMbicjaambi 
peKJia: Xota mb ynepeTB, a uymy Tpbiqaaa BMopuT. U ae Morja 
BBbiM, TOJiKO TpyTB3aoK). IIoTOMi BanpaBBia TpyTB3ay y ojamy ce- 
pe6peayK> b naTbe a nocTaaajia y roioaax-b a joaca, b ivAaa naaaa 
aocBJia Kopojreaflqa cbiaa ee, ynua b jfoffiaaoy, a ahta noqajio 

uigitizea Dy VjOOQIC 



10 A. H. BEGEJOBCKlfi) 

njaKBTB. n BHAtBIDbl A'i^BKa BHHO y <l>JAniI>I CBtTJIO, BSABODbl HE- 

ooHia AHTA, a H KFAbi AHTA HanoHja, Toro« Hacy ymepjio. H A^BKa 
BHAtBmbi saKpbnaja njiaqoM BejiRKHH, 36trjo ca mhohctbo 
jiOAeH HB6aqbijiH ahta BMepjioe^ roBopbUH AtBi^a: Tbi-cb CMepTH 3a- 
cjy»bijia B9K KopojeBHHa yMopbua. KrAbi KopojieBarzt npumia Ha 
tuHbiH ryR H BHAtjia Cbiea CBoero MepTBa, naja ea seMJiK) h co- 
MJijia, H KOJfH npbimja irb naMeTH b MOBHia whoh A'ksu?: UIto-m 
TO($t sjoro BqbiHHJia Hse-c mb cbiaa BHopbua? H AeBKa urncaaaja: 
w ero He Mopbua, ajie yMopuj-b cro tot, KoropbiH TpyrBSHy Tyio 
nocraBHJ. ^tBKy bhajb b npbiBCJB nepeA KopoiA. A Kopojb 
fibui BejmB CMyTeHi b peK Atai^a: Tbi-Cb BBBiHa. (Una HOBBJia: 
Tot BBBOHi, XTO Tyio TpyTHSHy napaABJi. PeK Kopojb: IlycTBTe 
ee, uiHa Toe TpyrBSHbi He paABia, JieTb xto bjub HeHaBBAenu tofo 

ABTATB to yAtiaJl. A FOBOpHapi, KOTOpblB 6bU BeJMB MyAp^i 

peiTb: IlaHe, pa^ BiAaTB, Tatzt TpyTHsna HanpaajieHa To6t a6o tbo* 
CMy cbiHy, Tenep 6yAb cvnaTpen a yntH ca CTepe^bi. Tpbimani, 
KOTopbiB ecTb y HoeB ivnei^a, AaB ero na Mene, AaJB 6orb 6yAeT 
Aodpe uiQOKaH. H Kopoj Ao6pe nosHajH) bsc Tatzt TpyTBana cnpa- 
Bjeaa na KoroKOJiBe a HBrb, BMtjrb paAy ct> cbobmb oaHbi noTan, 
imc 6bi MijTb HaBTB XTO TO y<ibiHBJi>. (A)hb CMy uiTKasajBi TpeSacA 
To6t B TpbiiuaHy CTepeqbi. A KopoieBarzi (Sbua BeibMB acajiocTHa 
yuopbiBmB CbiHa bjiok) copaaoK) a newnaTpHOCTK) CBoeio a BOjeja 
6bi caua yMepeTB h MbioiBJia na cBoeMi capiiy: Tojko ecMB cbina 
BMopbiJia (cTp. 11), a qoro €cmb xoTtja tofo He BqbiHBjia. H noqa- 
jia CA CTapaTB Ha ko^ai>ih Aenb. A ToBopHapi., KOTopbiB Mtjrb b 
ce6e uyApocT, Saqbiii kohcaofo aha ee ptqbi b noFJieAbi a no* 
qaj CA AOMbimJiATB, b»c wna MbicjiBT u; cMepTB Tpbuaaay, 
mTO iDHa fibiJia napaABJia Tyio TpyTHsny na TpumTaHa, b MOBBjrb 
euy: Ecju Tbi wSaoaaTB 6yAem 3 naqoxoK), Ao6yAeai cmoptb; 
qcTB ee b Broaeaa cb, aje aapyn ca ecTB b hbtb wt nee, hbhub 
nrro » To6i Aairb, Toe eanb b hb. H peicb Tpbiin.aH: rzi ne Boyn^ 

MiaAHOFO pOCKa3aHb» TBOeFO. 

H 6biJio OAHoro ABA jtTe, ceA^Ji Ropoib uuabh b lornHBUbi, 
B xot6jo ca euy dhtb; npumoji k neuy Tpbia^ani, Kopojb peK: 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



no ICTOPII, POMiHA H nOMCTH. 11 

CbiHy, npmeci mh mmi. H uiTBopbu wxay tujniapeio rue crorajii 
Ao6pi»ie DHTBA, I HamoxL \.vnwm> Ry6oKi> Rucroe TpyTR3Hbi b b3abi« 
mbj niHJHeci Kopojio, a Kopojeearzi Dpbmua b tot qac i Bfiaqua 
B KopoiA Ry6oR B pjoa B aaKJBicaja: IlaBe, aja Bora ho iib tofo 
DBTu. Kopojb peR: IlaflB, nrro to ecr? H uiea ae CMOJia euy no- 

BOAaTB, BHTb TO TpyTBSHa^ B MOBBJa: He A06p0 TO *T06t miTB. POR 

Ropojn>: .^jAHoro ero xosaemb? (Una BMOJiiua, a Ropojn> utxh 6oi- 
moe po3iib]injieH€ a raiBi. 

Tpbin^iHii npbimojrb b naj ea ROjioe cbocmi b Ha KopojOBbi 

DOKiraBJTb CA 3 BOiBKOK) BOKOpOK) OpOCe^bl B HerO tUAHOFO AAPJ. 

A Ropojn> ero MBJOBai 6ojn>iirb hbhub caM ce6e, b ho aomu- 
cjBJTb CA a6bi Mti KopojOBOB npocBTE. H Ropojb peR: He 
npocB, aje caM uusmb, hbhofo tb mhoio ee 3a6opoHeHO. Tpbin^^ 
Toe qyjii b BejniB noRopne b baa^ho noAAROBajrb ivToy CBoeny b 
peR%: Dane, Tbi-c mb Aaxb RopoJiOBoe sbiBOT, noRopae ta npomy 
afibicb eB OTnycTBJ raeBi, ROTopbm Maeini ea nee, ae paA'b 6bix 
to BRAAXb afibi Mora iraqoxa b Mora naHB ynepia Tbiirb tu6bi<iaeM. 
KopoJb 6bijrb BOJiHB iiyApi» b ho Gaibiji spaAu hb wt Roro tojiro 
u)T Hee, B He paA 6bi ea iDTnycTBj-b. H peRi: Cbray, xtq ro&k 
cee paABJ? Tpbiu^Hx poR: Bor at, hb c RBirb ca ecMB He 
paARJ, ajo npaBAa b noAo5HOCTb Mora na to ma seiSL, bs mb ca 
TO HenoAO0aJo a6bi Nora naHB snpiyja rojib ch Mory irubot 3a- 
xoBaTB. PeR Ropoj RopoJOBOH: BbinB TOT Ry6oR: PeRja ivna: 
He 6yAy. H Ropojib mobbji: To6t ecrb noniHyTfl nrro eca xoTOja 
Tpbiaviaa a6o Meae yMopsTB. H pea ea: HoaeAaa 6op3AO, (cTp. 12) 
aaaoroecBTyio TpyTBsay aapaAHia? (Uaa peaja: He aa Te6e. Peai 
Ropojb: Ale aja rofo? roAao tb noraayTa! KopojieaaA nonaja 
apbiqaTB: Kopojio, ajih Bora 6yA mb MBiocTBa! Pea Ropoib: 
HoaeAaa fiopsAO, a asAJTb Mesi> a pea: HoBOAaa, a6o Tenepi 
yMpdmi. H ROJIB CA u)Ha BBAOJia npbi cMepra, peajia: Ij1-mi> to aibi- 
HBJia aa Tpbiqaaa. PeRi> Ropojb: Ha moh) atpy co6t eca CMOprb 
aapaAajta, aac To6t Tpbin^aai aeaaaea 6bijn> hbhumii. H aaaajrb 
ee noaecTB y aesaae a cofipaji naaoaii a noioaibijrb tyio pevb 
nepeA bbmb a Moaajcb aMi>: Ha mok) aipy ecjafibi ecre npaaABBe 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



12 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfl, 

cyAHTH He xoTejTB, TO BaMi 6yjkeTh CMepTb. CUhr peiua: Foaho ea 
ecT jiipiT, a RHaK^ ee uome 6biTH aja tofo, mro xortja cbiaa 
TBoero yMopwTB. H Kopojib peKx: Tot cja Baun> ho CyACTb py- 
moH. H KOJH TO naHHe ystAajB, nonajin BejiMH njaKaTH h qbiHBTH 
BejHfcyio asajocTb, idto ni> naneR KopojeBOH BMeperB, b ae peKjra 
HB^oro; a Kopojb peK: Cbiny mob Tpbiii](aBe, Tbi es HbicJiBJi Bt- 
pyK) AofipoTb, a ivHa 3J0 b apaAy, h xoreja ta BMopbiTB, ajie rop- 
meB CA ea CTaio hb^jb dacjynbua. ByAb tski t^Kh Tbi xo^eon, 
HexaB CyAOT to6ok) BbiaBOjena. IUh sa to noKopne noAAKOsaiii 
uiToy fl 36aBBji MaHOxy uit CMepTB. H 6hixb TpbiciaHi oajee 

WT BCBXl JIIOAeB A06pb]Xl Wh 6jBlVH0Ce B BCB rOBOpblJB: KOJB 

apbiBAOTb K jtTOiTb, He xbi6HT BeiBKoe Ao6poTB. H KopojeBaA 
uicTaja BOB-ooKOB npbi Kopojra, aje KopoJib ae Mtji aa aee jac- 
KB) leq TOJfKo aeaaBBAAJi co Bcero capaa. 

IIoTOMi aeMHoro MRayBnibi Kopojib noexax b JOBbi 3 AOfipoio 
ApysbiHOK) a c BBMii Tpbiu^iHi B FoBopaapi a6bi ca y^bu iosy, 
B exajni no Ay<^poBe, ajB npbiexajiB Aaa pbiuapu y aGpoB h co Bceio 
(SpoaeiOy B cnbiTajB: Koe TyT ecrb Kopojb? Wm peKJia: iuto Kopojb 
B 3 cbiBOMi. PeKT> roBopaapi: UIto roBopain? Htrb Tyrb erw 
Cbiaa, DucTaBBjiii Aona. H opbiCTynajra Tbie pbiudpb], peKJH Kopo- 
m: Tbi aaiTb ae HbiaflJii aaqoro ajoro, ajie aexTO aabia c TBoero 
ABopa MbicjflT aacTb noryfiBTB b Tenep MbicjiBMO 36biTB Toro ecia 
y3iio»eMi>. H BbiaABmbi Meqbi bbxto ae iiorb Toro o6opoHBTB aCbi 
KopoJb ae 6bii paaeai> CMeprHoio paaoio y roJOBe. A flxi> u;6t- 
bTxi> Tyrb me 3a6BT0. A ii^aa ui5aABa 6bijB nieMA (crp. 1 3) Kaia3K> 
83 HopoTy, KOTopbif; 6bijiB HaB6oJimoe ojieMA u)t Kopaoaajfl. To 
BiTb 6biia DUAaaA Bopo»e6BTKa noaeABJia: aaM noraayTB ujt KOpoiA 
MejrauAyma ABopa. A b tom bmi 6bija paAa idt KopojA MapKa 
KopaoBajibCKoro, as ujbi> Cor^ij ca Tpbiiaaaa, ccjb apbiBACT k it- 
T0Mi>, a6bi ero c naacTsa ae Bbiraaj'b, tziKii 6biJia ujaaA Bopo»c- 
6BTKa peKja, mmm b ootoitl, kojib TpbiiAaai npbimoji k JitToirb, 
npbimojrb BWb caoeio Apyasbiaoio b b6bji> Kaia3A b3i Hopora cbocio 
pyKOK) fl cK&BWh ropoA Hxii, B»rb TaM KaMeBb aa KaMeaa ae 30- 
crai. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nOHGTOPIH, POMAHA H nOMCTH. 18 

A KTAbi KopojA fioizipe BHAejfH Meprea, wm m BtASuiir niTo6bi 
MtjiH BibiHBTH, pciUH Mca^bi C060K): Hh ivABai naHi> HO ecTb TaK 
3ie Bi>CTepeffiOHi> u^t cbohx rziKi Ham'b vut eacb. H Tpbiu^iH 
DJiaKaj HHoro co bchmh jioamh cbohmh. h npunpaBBJE bocbjo ua 

ABa KOHH H nOHeCJDI KOpOlA. A KOJIH 6bIJH 6JH3K0 TOpOAa, H JIOAH 

31 ropoAa BqbiHHJH BeiHKHH njiaq h ^eajocr no Hen'b h norpe6jB 
noqecTHO rziK cjynibiT na TanoBoro nana. 

H KOJH TO yBHAeji KopoJb MapKO, no<iaj mhofo Mbicjnrra w 
TOM. H npHmoJTb k neiiy ivahhi xjioneii, KoropbiH 6ojnieH Bt- 
Aai HHauH HHbie jiioah no MepjBH^ a Bce niTO naeT fibiTn, h a^a 
Toro ero Kopoi 6ojbuieB JiK>6Hjrb. PeK Kopoiio: Mbicjb 6op3AO, 
xoqoT TBOB cecrpeneti Tpbia^aHi> y^biBHTH Te6e BeiMB ^Kaxocraa. 
PoK Kopojib: rziK TO MOHce 6biTB a6bi Tpbiu^ae k TOMy pbii^dpcTBy 
npbimoji? PeK xjoneu: MaeTb na to npbiBTB B2B na CBtTe He 
CyAer pbiuapa naA nero. H Kopojb ytfOJiKi). M FoBopHap, koto- 
pbiH 6biJ BeiMH uyApbiH, 6a«ibu^ mTO Nanoxa ero eii^e aeHaBBABT 
H« 6bi CA ea Tarzi 3eMJiA ivcTajia, a cvTBeA'Binbi ero npoq a peKi>: 
Moa AoCpbia npbit^iTejiK) a Cbiay^ tboa Masoxa Te6e aejMa BSHa* 
BBABT a MbicjBT TeCo BMopbiTB, uoeAMO y 4>paHUb]K> noTaa bk 
KopojK) IlepeMOHTy, TaM ca HaBibim ny^cTBy a CyAeoii qejioai^Ri 
saaMeHBTbia, a kojb po3BiAaK)T tbok> Ao6poTb, npbiaAeui ua pbi- 
i^pcTBO, TOFAbi noeAeinii y Gjbvdhoc aa cbok) u^THbiSHy, hbxto tb 
He CyACT CMtTH p^Hbi niToCbi To6t HeBA^qBO. PeK Tpbin^aa: 
Macrpe, rxk na th ysaejiBin, tbiii tn xoqy noexaTB, 3aHK)ffi He 
Haxo3Ry6oj[ineHnpbira3HaHayB-oAHOMiqejOBei](a i^ko b To6t. PeKb 
roBopaap-b: HapaAHMO ca, noeAbMo saaTpa no 3opbi. SaKasaji (CTp. 
1 4) Tpbiu;auy, a aapaAHjia ca oik 6biio aifb uoTpefia a bsajb 3 co- 
60K) BOJOTa a cepe6pa Aocbrr a exaja Tbia Aenb ao 4>paHii3a uKb 
Kopojno IlepeMOHTy. FoaopHapi 3aKa3aji Tpbin^aHy se 6bi ca ho 
noBOAajii XTo a lUTKyjb ecrb. il Tpbin](aHi> iioBajii>: ra paAi> Te6e 
cjiyxaTH. A KrAbi npbiexaja ao KopojA IlepeMOHTa, Kopojib ero 
BAAHHe npbiHAJii H Kasaji* euy AaTB Ao5pyK) rocnoAy. Tpbia^aai 
Doqaxb pocTB a jitnimaTa a b uajibix Anexi am ca CMy ahbobbtb 
nosajB, Brpajii> b maxbi a b Bapn^aCbi jeninea hbaI) aHbixi>, a acAKoe 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



14 A. H. BECElOBCKlfiy 

ero Ao6poTH He 6buo poBHH, a hhxto TaKi> CTpoHoe ae hop ua 

KOHI CextTH rzlKli tUH. 

H KOJH eMy 6buo AsaHawaT jtT wwb Gbin senRoe Ao6poiii 

H MJAPOCTH BO BCAKOH CFO peHbl, OaHHe H QaHHbl B KOSAbU ^CJO* 

BeiTbAHBOBajHCA eiiy KOTopbie ero BHAeiH, h KOSAatzi dbua naua a 
naHHa paAE Touy a6bi hx Tpbim.aHi> muoBaxb. 

TpbiniaH u;hi> nm cjiyacbu ABopeo h noqecHO RopoiK) Ilepe- 
HOHTy, a Kopojb HHmbixi naHATB ea ABope CBoeMi ho cxaBHjrb 
HI sa niTO HanpoTHBKy eiiy, a hhxto Tdm, He SHai ero xto a uit- 
Ryib ecT. 1/1 Mtxb tot Kopojfc uiAHy AO^Ky naHHy BewH neKHyio, 
Tara CA po3if oiOBaia TpbinitaHa h MOBHja: HeioBtqee uiko ne BHAajo 
Taieb iQrAi>Horo MJiaAeHi^ mKb TpuniaH ecrb; h koji ero vfiik bh* 
AOJia, KX)HE ee h Mbicjb neSbiJia HHAe,T0JiK0 opn neM. TaicberoMHJO- 
Baja t^Kb cana cefien ne MonacA AOifbicjHTH, tztRdbi iitjia k Jiacaa 

ero H iCb BIUOCTH npblHTH H C HHM nODOJHHTH BOJK) CBOK), H Ubl- 

ciHja u) toh: Ecjh eny AaTH BHaT, vvh k TOMy ne npbiBBOJHTb, 
enie mojoa^ ne CKBaniT ca Ky TaKOH mhjoctb. Aie kojih 6b\ mh ca 
u)6eAai MHJOBaTH Meae, » 6bix HAajia ao ero nacy, h Box&ia 6bix 
ero mjBiTB HHauH 6biTH KopojeBOio HaHCojbmoio HaH6oJbmoro ko- 
pojOBCTBa. Ale 6ok) ca um ne Bcxo^eT a^^ mojoaocth h HecntTH 
CyACT [aja] uiTita Moero Toro B^biHHTH. 

H H^KOToporo AHA uiHa CBAejia ua bhokoh b oahoh KOMope h 
Ka3ajiairbco6t [oesBjaTH FoBopnapa h peKja eaiy: IlaHe FoBopHape, 
tn MHjyK) TBoero Tpbiii](aHa 6ojbmeH HHauH ce6e, nponiy sac aa to, 
npbiBeAH ero naTO a6bi ivh none MHiOBaxb. (CTp. 15) EcjiH6bi wh 

TOrO BHblHBTH HO XOTtj, HpbUIpaBJIK) OTO Kb BeJHKOH JfePKOCTH. H 

FoBopnapb to cjibiniaj'b h BaciiyTHjrb ca h ne atAai toT06bi Mtjrb 
c Tburb BHbiHHTH, H ifbicjEi'b HO tfajyio oHJiK): ecjH 6bi Tpbin].aHi> 
utjTb TO BHbiHHTH, a Bopojb 6bi CA TOFO AOBtAaj-b, Kapaii 6bi ero 
HenoHOCTHe. H uiTKaaaxb en: ^o6pe MHJOCTHBaA KopoieaHa, ajia 
BameH mhjocth to B^binio, 6yAy to eiiy mobhth hs 6bi ivh tboio 

BOJK) HOHOJrBHHJL, aiO WE eCTb MOJiOA1>, eCJHI CA TaiTb GopsAO He 

eraneT, ne moh na nero rntBy. H u^na eaiy noAAROBaaa bojiiih 

BAAHHO, H 3a TblM FoBOpHap'b mOJl> AO rOCHOAbl H 6bun> CMyrcH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB«CTH. 15 

H QOqaXb IfblCJfltli: ECJH TpbIlIVLHl> TO BHblHITb, TO 310, a H6 mhi- 

HHBmbi Td»HeAo6pe. H uosHJiiTpbiiitaHy: IIIto Mbicjninii> aqbiBBTS? 
KopojOBHa Te6e iia36biT MHiyer, eciflC'b ecH ee MUOBaiH ho xo- 
Ttji, uiHa xonerr cava ce6e yMopbmi. H TpuniaH'b euy vjuTKa^* 
saj-b: 6cJH ha MOJiyer 36biT0<iH0K) mhjioctmo, » Toro ho b^ihio, 
uexaH 36biT0K npbi hoh, 6o » spaAUOH) naey CBoeny Guth ho 
xo^y da Tyio ero jacKy h no^ecHOCT, KOTopyio wh mho qbiHHTb, 
a HO 3HaK>Hbi ifOHO) XTO a ujTKyib ecMH. KrAbi to FoBopHapii cm- 
inajii ujt Tpbim.aHa, bojimh ca Tony AHBOBajii hs b TaKOBOH no- 
iOAOCTH 6aqbui Ha TaKOByio nonecTHOCTb, 60 tuHoro ^aey tojko 
6bijio Guy TpbiHaARaT x&rb. M eo^e ero FoBopHapi 6oibmeH Kom* 
ToaajTb B TOM H pefTb eify: ^ja noro ee xo^etn TaKi ayAHoe 
oaHHbi MuoBarH? TpbuaaHi) eMy peirb: Ujahoct ee ae Moser 
Neee opbiaecTH Ky spaAe, a ecjs 6bix k Tony opuBBOiU'b^ rziK Tbi 
MHt B TOMi paAy AOABJ'b, aje ToGt 6buo iieHe uutboahtb wt tofo. 
l/l Ha 3aBTpeH KopojOBHa npbi3Bajia FoBopeapa h poKija eiiy: ^o- 
BOAaj M CA ecH u)t Tpbini^aHa? (A)h peirb: TpuniaH'b Bac mh- 
jyer abophok) mhjoctk), hhauh Toro ae xo^d B^biHHTH toTO 6bi 
6buo Ky 3paAe Kjumy TBoeiiy. il peKja KopojiOBHa: TaKi jh ca 
TpbiiuaH CO BCHUi tuT MeHe uithocj? H nonua bojiih CMyTHa, 

KJieHy^bl AOH TOT, B KOTOpblH CA pOAHJia, H yBOUlJa B MOXBMBJ fl 

HjaKaja bojuih rpo3HO. H u)AHoro aha Cbiia ivna b loa^HHUibi 
B posiMbiQiieHio ai MHJiocTH TpbII^aHOBe, a Tafl JoacHHiw CbiJia 
TOMHa, B KOTopoH 6bijia u)Ha. Tpbiu^affb nioj memo b APyryio ko- 
Mopy, HO BtAaioqbi mTO whb. t2m ecrb. H uiua ero y6aqbiB0ibi 
BbicKOHbiia a BxxBaTHja ero sa ropio \x)&kua, pyKaMH h no<iaja ua- 

JOBaTH H MHJOBaTH, a WH'b, SOO^bl CA (CTp. 16) JRB 6bl ePO XTO 

H6 Bfia^bu, H noqai ee urb ce6e uiTnaxaTH uifitiia pyKan. (Una 

TO IvGblHaBIDbl, H»C TOFO M^TH He MO^OT HOPO XOTtja, SaiUH- 
KBJa BeJHKHM POJOCOM'b. H HOiyBUlbl pbllJOpbl KOpOJeBbl H KO- 

pojib He no3Baj, ^to epo aohkb, h noCepiH Tairb pbii^pu Kopo- 
jcBbi H 3acTajB, a vuna 3a popjo Tpbin^ana AopsbiTb h no^iaja 
auuoaaTH ca: IlaHOBe, Tpbinj^an ma xorbn SKPBaxbTOBaTH. H 
tuHH noHMaiH epo h npbiBejH ao KopoJA, noBeAaJH, ito BHAOiH a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1($ A. H. BECEJIOBCBlft, 

cibimajH vDT naHiiHbi. Kopoib dacMynurB ca aejiMB b pex: » Te0t 
^ecryio rziKoac ecr ubho bcbmi jioxeirb, a Tbi DpbiBOAHaii> uh'6 
raH6y a Tbiii co6t CNeprb Atiaemi. H Kaaajrb ero BKBayrH b Ten* 
HBoy. A roBopBapT> B TOT TOC 6bu Ha rocnoAe b AOBeAajrb ca, dito 
TpbiDviH'b ecTb B TeMBBi^bi, fl 6biji w TOM BejufB iRajiocTeH, peK 
caMi K co6e: r^i ecMfl 3arB6, BBPAt He Man Becejra, a w co6t ae 
BtM mTO MB 6yAeT. 

H morb PoBopaap ao KopojA, b ROTopue ero cipeqajni, Tbie 
ero copoMOTBJfH FOBopeHbi: TaK jb ecB BbisHBi Tpbui^aHa? tuH 
Tenep Bnaji bi 3jio. A FoBopHap moj mojitbromi b npbimojr nepe^ 
KopojA B npbiKJieK'bHyji'b Ha KOJieue, pen: IlaHe, a^a Bora s&iBJiyB 
CA, BbicjyxaB peqbi Hoee! HKopoi MOBBXb: PoBopbi. 1/1 FoBopHapi 
peK: IlaBe, 6yA Toe no^ecTHO saxoBaHO, HaBOOKOH xony Baiii noBe- 
AaTB. Kopojb iDOJTb B oAHy KOMopy, a roBopHapi> 3a hbah b cKa- 
saji eMy Bce no paAy, tnisi> eer KopojeBHa posMBiOBaia ca Tpbiiaana 
fl MOBBja euy wb cbocb peqbi nocbuaioqbi ao Tpbuuana, b rziKi> cb 
Tpb]iaaHi> uiTKasaj'b. 

Kopojb TO cjbimaj'b b ne Do<iaji BOJiBKoro cdpii^a MtTB Ha 
Tpbin^aBa, hb»cjb em.e b tom bo BceM FoBopnapy ne Aonepaji, b 
pcK: w Toro xo^y CKopo AOBCAaTB ca; ccjb 6yAeT opaBAa, torAw 
CyAOT npocT, a ecjra CyAeTb BBfleHT>, xo^y CMy BqbiHBTB wko bbh- 

HOMy. 

H DomoJi'B FoBopHapi> uirb KopojiA. A Kopoji nocjajii no AOHuy 
CBOH) B peK cb: ^c^ko Mora MBJiarzi, oito Mb]CJiBini> c Tpbin^anoM? 
i2i cMy xoqy 3J0 BquHRTB, a tbocb JierKOCTB domctbtb. H KopoieBHa 
BHoro He CMtjia pe^bi, Jieq MOBBia: FocyAapy, cnpaBOAiBBe ecT, 
HexaB KO»eAbiH u)3MeTb no cbobm A'^JiaM. H peK Kopojb: Ao^iRO, ecjB 
Tbi Bi^cxonem, Tbi 6yAemi eMy monh, a ecjiH ho BCX0HeiDi>, u)fli> 
6yAeT MepTBi). H oaflHa no^aia rjCAtTB caMi> b TaM, b noaBaxb 
Kopojb Bfic fie ecTb naHHa Henpbitzrrejib Tpbiu^any, b Kasaji npbi^ 
BecTB Tpbin^ana (cTp. 17) b MflJiHeHita AAAROBB^a ee, ROTopbiB 
HCAaBHO HejOBtRa 3a6BJi. A RPAbi npbiBeAeHbi oepeA RopoiA, ro- 

pOJIb B3AJI ubVhf peR: ^O^IRO, BBABIBB TbIX AByX-b MJOAefll^OB, RO^ 

Topbie HaioT noMepcTB, aje cvahofo xony nycTBTB; KOToporo Tbi 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPm, POMAHA H nOB«CTH. 17 

ycxo^em, h tm nycra Koro tboa bojia ecx, a Apyrra eexaa ynper. 
(Uea He Biitia tnro bhkhhth, h Bibicjnua caiia b co6e: Gcjra nyn^ 
TpbiiAaHa, 6yAeTb KopojH) sajib MaraeHivt, ecjni nyn^ MuHeeaa, 
TOFAa MoeMy HaMHieHmoMy Tpbiiqaey BMepeTH. H saMOJiqajia, h 
Kopojb DOSBajTb Hs lUHa MBjyeTb Tpbin^aaa^ h en;e ee 6ojibini 
npbicrpanibiJi h peKi: ^o^ro, ui3mh kopo boja tbohi 6yAeT. (Una 
6oeqbi CA uiTn^a peKja: IlycTB Moero 6paTa MHJHeHxiia. Peic ko- 
pojib: ToFAbi ecT TpbinitaBy BMeperH. H b3ai TpbinitaHa sa seprb 
rojiOBbi H saMaxHyji iieHOii, peKi: Maio tatb. H tuaa Toe BHAeBmbi 
He iforia BrepneTH b pefua: FocyAapy ivrqe, nycTH mh Tpum^aHa a 
3 MfljieBAOMi ibiHB, niTO xoHdmii. H Kopoib peiui: ysAjia ecH Mr- 
jraeHi^, a Tpbin^ani MycHTb ynepeTH. lUna peKia: IlaHe, KaK> ca, 
BOJiio Tpbiqaaa, a a MHjnieaiiOM'b qbiHH, qito xoHami*. Peiui ko- 
pojfb: BsAJia ecH MHiHeHi^a, a Tpbin^aH MycHTb yiiepeTH, kotopmh 
ecrb BejHH BHHeH. 1/1 saMaxHyjrb MeiOM-b, rasofibi roiOBy eiiy cta- 
th; h uifla npucKoquBinbi h aan^biTua ero pyKOio h peKJia: Ilaae, 
He aaCH Tpbin^ana, aie aaCn ifeae. H peKJi Kopojib: HnaKi He 
MO»a 6biTH, uiAHO Tpbin^tna Hymy ctath. H KopojeBHa peiua: Ilane, 
AaH HHt vkwh, Hexaa » ero yfiiiK). H KopoJib eH Aajrb iitqi, vuna 
nocMOTpdBnibi na Tpbiu^ana peiua: Xlane, aj6o nycm Tpbiu^ana, 
ajib6o xoqy cava ce6e yfisTB Thiwb HenoMii. VI peiurb en Kopojn>: 
HoMy Tbi TaK MBJiyeini Tpbia^ana? CUna pe^ia: BoibmeH ero m- 
jyio HHSJH catfa ce6e, a rojh Tbi ero y&beini, » xoqy cana ce6e 
y6HTH. HKopojbpeRi'b: ^OHKOyTbiMtHTpbimraHa. A aaTbuii peiui 
Tpbin^any: Tbi smd opaBi. A Tpbin^in HOAARoaai Hopojuo h ro- 
pojieBHe BejMH noRopHO (cxp. 18) h nomoi y aejERHH najaii. Kojh 
FoBopHapi yBBAHJTb Tpbim^ana, uih 6hirh BejmH Becejr h nbiTaji 
ero: rani ta Ropoj nycru'b? Tpbi^an eMy noBOAHJi ace no paAy 
rziRi CA mTO qbiHBjio. Pen PoBopHapx: Kojhs ecH npocrb, 6h 

HOJfOM'b ROpOJH) a6bl TA UiTnyCTHJIl, HH ROJH He BqblHHm Ha BOJIK) 

naHHbi a6bi th qoro aiorq ne BHbiHHJUi. Tpum.aH'b pen: y<ibiTejK), 
tnKb CA To6t BHAHT TA^ 6bixM0 wbxB exaTH? PcRi PoBopHap: 
BojieH MH CA BHAHT a6bixM0 exajH y ABopi RopojiA MapRa AAARa 
TBoero^ a ecju ca ycxoqemi TaBTH, ne ifo»eT ta hhxto noanaTH, 

Ctfopnn n Of». H. A. H. 2 ^<^ j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



18 A. H. BECEiOBCKlfi, 

nm ecH MHoro npupocrb wt tbix 4acoBi>, mKb ecMO h31 6jihu;- 
Hoca BbiexaiB, h Mosem tomi cjyauiTH ao koic th ca Cjnerr 
qac nacETH Ha pbiudpcTBO, a kojh ycxonemi nacaTH ca, Kopoib 
TA CBoeiopyKOK) nameTb. l/l peKi Tpbiuiaffb: EjAbUKiTbi BejHnrb. 
H HasaBTpeH npbimoj Tpbim^H nepeA KopoJA h BAapbixb ho- 
Mom> H peK: Xo^iy noexaiH y cbok) 3eiuK). H noKopHO noAAKosajTb 

KOpOJIK) H AOfipbIM JIOAAMl Ha JiaCI^3, H KOpOJb 6lfy DOAAKOBaJTb Ha 

ero BepHOH cjyn6e h u)6eRaj e&iy cbok) npurasHb. A kojh yBH- 
Aeja KopojOBHa, mTO Tpumani oaot npoq, uina 6bua aSbiTne 
CMyTHa H Hocjiajia eny HHOxoAHHKa h Bbiaua oahmm naxojKoirb. 
TpwmaH uifieiyui Aap wnoMy naxojKy, qopo CyAor npocHTH. 
V)wb poKi: IlaHe, xony kojh (5yAem pbu^apoM, a6bic ma nacaj'b. 
H emfi KopojOBHa nocjaja Ky eiry npoce^bi: IlaHe, fifin mh cboh 
Heqi>, a6bix ero noHHJOBaja. H Tpbio^tH en wknrb nocjaji*, h 
tuna peKja: Bojk) yiiepeTH nocje Me^a TpbmanoBa hhsjh 6biTH 
HaB6ojmoK) KopojOBOK). If npoKOJOJa ca na Tosfb MtcTT^. A Tpbi- 
ii^aH noexaj cb .4>paHitaH hk KopoJK) MapKy h3 ToBopHapoBrb 

H BAapblJH CMy qOJOHl>, H pOK FOBOpHap: MHJOCTHBblH ROpOJK), 

TO ecTb nane npbiexaj ToOt cjya^biTH a6bicb ero nacaj CBoeK) 
pyKOK)HapbiiidpcTBo. KopoJb ero opbiHAJi) Bccejo, ivSentaj ca ero 
nacani kojh uihi ycxoHOT, a ne no3Haj ero. Tpbin^aH cjy- 

»blj ABOpHO H IlHOTJHBe, H XTO CrO BHACJ, KOHCAblH CA AflBOBaj% 

niTO ecT 3a nane. A noTOM'b TpbiniaH Bojej'b ce6e nacaTH, h ko- 
pojb KaBaji) npbinpaBHTH hito noTpefia pbiEopy, h opbinpaBHJH BejMR 
no^ecTHO. Tpbin^an 6bui> y i^epKBH, a Ha 3aBTpeH ero KopoJb na- 
caj: H Tyrb 6bU0 iinoro jioaoh Ao6pbixi, xto ero BBAeJi, ko»- 
AbiH MOBBJ-b: He BHAajH ecMO jenmoro pui^apa. EyAy^bi eiiy na 
Towb BecejbH, (cTp. 1 9) npbimjH qoTbipn pbmapbi H3'b (UpbjenAdH hki> 
KopojK) MapKy h no^ajH mobhth 6e3 noKJona: KopojK), k To6t 
nacb nocjaj Ao6pbiH pbii^p Anypar h3i> Op^JCHAaH roBopenbi: 
^aH AaHb, KOTopyK) tboc npoAKH AaBBajH mohmI) npoAKOirb bc 
KopnoBajH yB-OpueHAaK), aSbi CbuaroTOBa ahor ao Aecern. 6cjh 
Aacre, Mbi DpbiHMem unp, a ecjH ne xonemi AaTH, B^AaH Toe hhc 
y Majbix AHexi) ne uicraneTb Tyx uAAb somje uiToObi ne CKaaeona. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POHAHA R nOBI^CTH. 19 

Cjbin]aji> TO Kopojb MapKO h npecTpambu ca eaafibiT a He 
Btiai niTO u;TKa3aTii. A TpbiiuTaH BbiCTynHJi h cTai nepeAi* 
KopojeMi H peK nocjOMi: Xoahtc cioAbi| Koropbie cere Tairb ay- 
«ajio€ nocdJCTBo npuHecjE, noBeAaHxe BamoMy naey: awoiBeK 
Hanibi npoAKH 3 HeMyApocTH CBoee ao Bamoro KopoieBCTsa Aaob 
AaBajiH, aje Tenep ee Bme ee uidbiieiii'b^ a ecjra BanrL naai Ropojib 
apjeffbA^HCigiH xorbH) 6bi ee MtTH, Hexae npbiHAeT a tudMexb ^e- 
pe3 MtTb Ha nojra, a HHaK ee He mohot btI^tb, a m roTOBi 
uiTHATH ee Moeio pyKoio. PeRiaH nociu Kopojno MapKy: Ecjih to 
Tbi MOBHm? H Kopojb peK: Kojni tun xonerb b3ath Tyio 6HTBy 
3a KopHOBajicKyio CBoOoAy, roBopy h ra. PeiuH nocju>i TpbimtaHy: 
Xto ecTb Tbi? A vjuHi peta: » ecrb rocTb, a hma Moe Tpbin^ani. 
H u)HH peKjni: uiToycTH HaMi>, AMypaT He 6yAeT ca cb to6ok> 
6hth €cjb He CyAemi BejHKoro poAy lOJioBtK'b. A TpbHE^ani peK: 
J9^A Toro Tatzi (SHTBa He pocTaHorb: xota we ecr KopojieBHTb, 
a ra cbiH KopojA MeraraAyma ejHuinocKoro, a DJieMeHHHK ecMH 
KopoiA MapKa. Tanji ca ecMB Aoceib, Tenep ca TaBTH ne Hory. 
H nocjbi exajH npoq 6op3Ao h cnoBOAajui KopoiK) ABiypaiy niTO 
EM u)TKa3aji, fl KX)Wb peK'b: Xto ecT, KOTopbiB Tyio CsTBy b3aj? 
Wm peKjra: Gbra ecrb KopojM MBja^Ayma, njeir§HiHHK ecrb 
Kopox4v Mapsa, iuh hobo nocTaHOBjeni pbii^apoif, aie ecMO He 
BHAajra TaK i^AHoro pbiaapa, hs tun caifi> b3AJ1> 6BTBy 6e3i> 
BaMOBenbA. H pemb AnypaT: U}hi> 6yAeT RaATH ca, noBbiH pu- 
ijop BOByio CMepTb xoieT b3atb. HapaABJB ecTe toh Sbtbc tao 
6biTB? (Uhh pcKJifl: Hi; uihi peieb: IIoBAHTe uunAPb b nanpaBiTe, 
Toro He xoHy lUTKjaAaTH. HpeK FapnoT: rzt bbmi BHbiHio tfiymGyy 
B»c Toro pbii^dpa (cTp. 20) yBBmy Koro TaKi <i»ajArb. 1/1 uihh exa- 
m MopeM h cyxoH h npbimiB b KopnoBajib bk Kopoiio MapKy 
fl HOBeAajiB peqbi KopojA AnypaTa. PeKi> Kopojb MapKo: JleniB 
HexaB CyACTb 6BTBa TaA yB-ocrpoBe GaMCOHe, ujhh ABa nocAyTb 
KOSAbiH y cBOCMi cyAHOy B K0SAi>iB GypfiT co6i Mopnapi. 1/1 na- 
paABJB 6BTBy 3a abo HCAtJifl. 

n nocjibi npunuB ki> AiiypaTy h noBOAajB CMy mn napaAfln 
6BTBy yB-ocTpoBe CaiicoHe. PeKi AnypaT*. To mh ecr mhio. 

2* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



20 A. H. fi£C£10BCKIH, 

H peKT> TapHory: BBAejn> jra tm xoro pbmapa? IWh pen: Bh- 
Aej, H Koju 6bic xorkjTb Moee paAu cjyxaTH, xbi 6bicb ocTaBHji 
xyio CflTsy a BHbiHHjrb 6bicb imp ueiRhi BaMH, 60 kojib €a Bbi Asa 
coHMere aa toe fiHTBe, He MO»e 6biTH 6e3 BejHKoe ne^ajiH, am 
KOJH To6t niTO fiyAer, to BejBKarzi inKOAa yB-OpjeHi>AdH 6yAeT, 
a Kojra CA eaiy ihto CTaaex^ BeaaKarzi niKOAa BceMy CBtxy CyAerb, 
BHC u)H He 6yAeTb xaKBH mroCbi AOiia MeniKaj-b. A y Moe ahh ue 
BBAen ecMB Jienmoro pbu^apa, a kojib AOBAer itx, SyAex bojb- 
Koe Ao6poTfl. H peKi> my AMypax: Map ue name 6biTH ecjB mb 
He AOBAexb A^^Hb roxosa. 1/1 noqaji> ca aanpaBJAXB. 

A Kopojib MapKO h Tpbioo^aH h bcb pbiuapbi, oaHHbi b uaHBe 
KopHOBaJbCKBe xoAeHbi y i^apKOBi hojibjb ca 6ory, a6bi bmi> 6or 
noMorb fl sfiaBBJi) bxt> u)x Amypaxa. 

TpbiuiaHii HanpaBBii> ca mxo 6buo euy ooxpefiBO, a na sbb- 
xpen Tpbiujiau wbtuhi cjyxai b mojr y focxbjihbi^ y fijAxaxi b bo 
BceB 36poB, B bcb DaHOBe iHJiB apoxBB ero. 

H Kopojib MapKO peKb: Cbiny mob mbjub, noMy-c ca xaK 
u)x Meae xaaji? Kojb Cbixi) xa saajii, xoxa 6bi ca bca Kopao- 
Baib nopoGoxajia) ae Aaji> 6bixi> xb 6bxb ca, bbc ccjib xo6t mxo 
CA cxaaexy ra bbkojui ae Man Becejbra. Tpbin^aa peK^: Ilaae, ae 
cxpaiDbi CA, a^iea aac 6or ue 3a6yAex cbook) lacKOK), a aa- 
AeK) CA nm aaMi Aacx 6or n04cxeabe a cbok) noifoq. TorAbi apbi- 
nua Btcxb mxo B»ce Anypax yB-ocxpose CaMCoae; Tpbio^aa 
peKi>: A^Bxe mb rejiMi). 1/1 fifium CMy AoCpbia reiM'b, (cxp. 21) acaHi 
Kopoji aOBeaaji CMy a nonpaaaj bck) 36pOK) a arieAaji a no- 
xBepAflJii>, a npbiBejB eny AoCporo <»pe3a. Tpbiu;aa moJi wb jo- 
\Bio a 6op3AO cxai ys-ocxpoBe. AMypax ero fiaHbiJCb, AHBOBaai) 
*.A t^Kb ctftjrb B3AXB fiBXBy npoxBBi BCFO, a Tpbin^aai kojib apbi- 
cxaj, u)Aonixflyji cbok) lOAbK) aa BOAy. 1/1 Dbixan ero Anypax: 
4oMy ecB OAoaixayj jioAbK)? Pea Tpbiiuaa: uiAaoMy 3 aac npoH 
aoBXB y XBOCB JiOAbB, a ApyroMy xyx wcxaxa. H AMypaxi. 
lyK) peni npuBAi 3a MyaccxBo a Bojixb 6bi ero ae ubixaxa, 
mxo eMy MyApe u)XKa3aj. H peKi> Avypax: IIoKBBb xyio Gaxay, 
60 ae paA 6bix xa 3ary6BJ'b, xo^iy xa A^pacaxa r^iK-b Moero xo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPm, POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 21 

eapbima, a MRJOBaTB rziRO 5paTa. VI peKi> Tpbiu^airb: rd CHTsy no- 
RHny KOJH AaHb DUTnycnnni KopHOBajn>CKyio, a ecjm ne xoHenii>, m 
M 6b. Pen AMypax: ForyH ace ca kt> Chtbc. H Tpbiu^an peirt: 
Ha TO ecMH npbimoj. 

(EHTBa TpbimanoBa 3i> AMypaTdMi>) d BctjH o5g 
na KOHH H BAapbiJH CA TaK Moqno, a6bi hx Ao5paA 36poA ne 
vjuAepacaja, iv6a 5bi 6biJH MepTBbi, h ApeBa nojanajra r u)6a 
najH c KOHMH ea aeMJto h b toti» lac ui5a CKO^bijra ea hofh 
panenbi. Tpbiman Ghwh panen y CTerno KrpoTKeM rziAOBBTbiM, 
AiMypaT 6bij paneffb 6331 wAy. H bbajh Me^bi h no'wtJH ca py- 
6aTH BCJBfB MOUHO BejHK lacb yAapam uiahh Apyroro, h paHHJH 
CA na MHoro Mtcri, b noanajiB cdabh Apyroro hs ecrb BejMH 
Ao6pbie pbiuapbi. AnypaT BHHMaji co6t, oito wn 6ojnibiH ecrb 
Ha CB^Te, a kojh BHAejn> Tpbin^ana, u)h Mtji> CTpax wrb nero 

H tu6a CA BTOMHJH, mTO HBaiTb He MOrJO 6bITH HBHJH OAHOMy T3rr 
UiCTaTH, H AJA TOrO KOHAblH CA SMOraj Ha BAapabI, H BCH KOTOpbie 
BXl BHAeJH, ABBHJB CA BeJHKHMl> AHBOITb. H fiflBinbl CA UiTCTynHJTb 

UJABHT> UJT Apyroro yKJioHHBnibi ca na mbirbi. 

AMyparb peKT>: 6cjb Tpbini^an y Apyroc npbiBAeTb y TaKOH 
Houbi, ra He Mory tux nero cxepnixn, mm 5aqbij ero naHGoJb- 
moro pbii^pa. H kojb uihh wnoHbun, Tpbin^aH ckohmj h nonai 
py6ax0 BejMH 3 BbicoKa MenoM h noiajrb noKpbiBaxB ca n;bixoMi> 
B MCTOM. Anypax nae He Morb, e BBAej xo Tpbra^an, poscepi.- 
ABXBJ CA B BAapbij ero moe^ho noBepxi rejua kojiko mofi h 
pocxAXb eMy reiwh h rojOBy ao MOSKry, h wcxaji eny bjomoki 
iieia B rojoBe. ABiypax lyj ca paneHi CHepxHoio panoio h no- 
KBHyBmbi iiu>ix H Mtqi b no6erb ao JOAbH b npbniAexb (cxp. 22) 
Ki CBOCMy BejBKOMy cyAHy b kt> Apyacbine, Koxopbie ero »AajB. 
GjiyrH ero npbiHAjra nejMB CMyxHO h BJOsbUB ero b cyAHO. H 
peiTb: HAtxe 6op3Ao; h noiajH ca ivxnHxaxB njaiy^ibi. A Ropno- 
Bdjoi^bi, Roxopbie xoro rjcA'i^, noqajra RiBRaxn: Siarzi bbm Aopora, 
ivxo Ba^fb AaHb. PeRi> Ropojib MapRo b BHbie RopnoBajbii^bi: Eor 
Aaj flaM noqecxHocxb h Tpbin^anoBa AoCpoxb. BBACBmbi ero wahofo 
yB-ocTpoBe nycxBJB ca r ncMy mhofo jiK)AeB, HamjiB Tpbimana 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



22 A. H. BEGEJIOBCKlfi, 

BejMH paHCHa h BeoMR cjia6a idt KpoBH, mTo ero KpoB comja r ae 
Mor Ha Horax CTornTH; aje HHbie eiiy paebi ne Tan mKOAHiB rziR Tarzi, 
mTO Bi cTerai^, idto 6biji paHeHi> KrpoTKeM rdAOBHTbiMi>. II uiHbi 
ero noBeaiH ea Rpae. 

Kopojb npbiCTynHj h npuHAJ'b Tpbin^aHa, nonaj i^ajOBaTH b 
MHJiOBaTH H peKb euyi mirb ca qyemi? Tpbin^aH peK'b: BeiHH ecr 
paeeH ecMH, a kojh aact 6orb, nory 6biTH SAopoBi. H Kopojb ero 
noBej Bi> i^pKOB A^TH 4>ajy 6ory, a dotom ero boboj ea naiaa 

3 BOIHRHM BecejeATb H HrpaMH, HS GblJIB DUCB060SeHH Tpbin^aHOM 
tUT pofiOTbl. 

H noTOMi TpbiiAaH npbimojrb ao rocnoAbi, po36ojri^ ca uit 
paHbi r^AOBHToe TaK chiho, hhi jcabo crepneji; h opbinuH Jienapbi 
H npbuosbiJH MacreH idto Hajenmbixx, h CKopo 6hirb sAopoB 
u)T0 BCHX pan KpoMA Toe, KOTopam Gbua rziAOBHrard, Toe ne mofjir 
3jeHbiTH, B nrro koih opbiKjaAaiB ki> ujhob paee, to Bce HH^oro ne 
noMarajio, h ho posyifljiB, idto npbiKjaAaTH k tob pane, KOTopaA ero 
BejMB Hyqbua. C^AHoe hohu Tpbin^aH BejuH ca Myqbu Bpa3BBDibi 
CA B OHyio pany, b hbxto DpbicTynBTB k neMy Be CMtxb, Tojmo 
FoBopaapi, totb hbkojb se ujTcrynai wt nero HBRyAbi b njia- 
RajTb BBAeHbi nana CBoero npbi CMepra, as ne 6biJ0 nejOBtKa, xto 
ero nepBeR BHAei, a6bi ero hop noseaTB. H Kopojb nonai njiaKaTB 
BeiHB rpo3HO B jioAR Aofipbie BCR DjaKajR rziKoGbi bmi> m^ji cmh 
afio fiparb yMBpaTB: W) Tpbio^aHe nonecTHbiR b Ao5pbiR pbmapy, 
oyAHan mojoaoctr, koj Aoporo KynHjrb ecB CBo6oAy KopiHOBaJb- 
CKyio! Mbi uicTaByeM Becejra, a Tbi BUBpaem uinpyTHOK) CMepTbio! 

H CyAyHB TpbimaH aa cbocb nocxejB caMi. a npw Eem> wAHa 
HeBicra, KOTopa» npbinija rjeA^TB tzncb ecr HeHoaoHi>, r no^aja 
DJiaKaTR BejHR sajocTHO R poKja: w Tpbm^aBe, m ca ToGt ARByio 
rdiTB Tbi (crp. 23) He Mbicjnnn caM^ o co6t, »ri> 6bic Mon HaBTH 
rziKoe jrlKapcTBO B-binmoR scmjr! BeAb ecR KomroBaj bo bcob Kop- 
HOBajiR Ao6poro jrlKapa HtTl Peirb Tpbin^iH: rzi ne Mory aa kohr 
ceA^TR aKR Ba HOcnjRaax'b hoctr ca. C^aa peKJia: m To6e ae Hory 
nopaARTR, aaaqbiTb Te6t tot, KOTopbm ae6o r seMJio coTBopbu. 
H TpbiD^aa peiCB Foaopaapy: y3BecB ma aa najaiirb, cb KOToporo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



lai 



no HCTOPIH; POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 23 

Ha Mope BHAHo. H TpbiDo^aH Tiex^'b BejiHKHir nac h peKi FoBopHa- 
py: noBOBH UH KopoJA MapKa. H Kopojb npbnnoj h peK: Gbiey, 
Horo HA ecH BBWb? H peiTb TpbnAaH: Ilpomy ta, nane, Aae mb 
wflfiy pen, KOToparzi To6'k neMHoro BaacbiTH fiyAexb. Pbk Kopojb 
MapRo: XoTA 6bi hmhofo Baacbua, TorAbi ra HaTBOioBOJUo Bibmid, 
H HtT Toro qoro 6bix ra a^a xeCe He BqbraHjrb. H Tpbio^aH eMy sa 
TO noKopne ooAAKOBaji: rzi, naee, jeKapa y cen aeMJH He Mory HaH- 
TH, Tenep ecMH Tepnej mhofo h BHacy Ao6pe, ihto ca Morzi CMepTb 
npbifijHHCbua. XoHy hohth yB-biHrnyio seMJio no CB^Ty, napaAH mb 
Ao5poe cyAHO h nocTani niTO mh TaKi> noxpeCa b Hearb, crpaBbi h 
HRTbA H IDAHO jerKoe BeApo, KOTopoe 6bi Morb cdahh HOJiOBeirb ao- 
JOB cnycKaTH, h noKpbiH mh ero AoCpbiM cyKHOMi> A^tA AOHA^y h 
AJA Biipy: xoqy ca nycTHXH no Mopy, KFAbi mh ^opTyna npuneceTb, 
a^eH MH CA TAi jtKap HaHAexb k toh pane, cut Koropoe yMHpaio; 
ecjH naiTb ca ne naHAexb, TorAbi m MeprBi*. PeKx KopoJb: Gbiny, 
tAKb xoqem hohth fiyAy^bi TaK hcmoaoh? H peK^ Tpbino^aH'b: H xota 
naiTb yMpy TaMi, ivAHaKoac h TyT yMpy, a kojh 6yAeTb 6o»cbA 
BOJA, HHo MA Mope H BtTp'b Ki> <i»opTyHe upbiHOceTb. A KOJH 6y- 
ACT cyAHO roTOBO, BJOHbi MA B Horo H jifiLJi MH MOW apixi^y, a Apy- 
ryw jioTHK), a Ha qacT> coS* ryAy, a6bi mh Tyni h 5ojecTH jerb- 
Hajo. 

H Kopojb MapKo TO cjbnnaj, nonaj njanaTH bcjmh CMytno, 
H ho Mor eMy aojifo vvTKasaTH sa cjeaaMH. UhpedBeBmbi peKi: 
CbiHy Tpbimane, naK jh ma xoiem uicraBHTH co bchm? H Tpbi- 
I^aH peiTb: IlaHe, HHaR Tenep ho MOseT 6biTH, a KTAbi naHAy xi- 
Kapa H 6yAy-J SAopoB, w6eayH) th ca BepnyTH aace y KopHO- 

BaJl*. H KOJH KOpOJb BHAeJ, mTO HHaRl> He MOSe 6bITH, UiH CMy 

Kaaaj nanpaBHTH cyAHo no^ecTHO, taKi caMi Tpbin^anii pocKasaj, 
H nocTaBBJi Bi* Hen mTO 6buo noTpe6a Tpbin^tny Bcero AocbiTb, ■ 
KOJH 6biJ0 roTOBO, Bej^Lrb ero yBCCTH y cyAHO nejMH HeMOi^Horo. 
H BHAeBuibi TO KopHOBajene nonajH njaKaTH (crp. 24) BeJMH aca- 
jocTHO, a Kopojb CO BCHMH BejMosaMH CBOHMH HjaKaiH 6edi> nepe- 
CTanrzi. H kojh Tpbin^an Toe BHAeJ, h 6biJ0 eMy BejMH sajb h 
ivToniiXHyj CA u)t KpaK) fiopiiSAO, h HanAJH napycbi, h Gbuii hmt* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



24 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

Birp BnpaBHbiH a djjh 6opi>dAO, a ne seAajni K^Abi havt. H TaH 
mjH ABa AHH, fl npbiraaja ero 4»opTyHa b Op jeH^AdK) noA'b uiahh ro- 
poA, bi> KOTopoMi 6bui> Kopojb JIeHi>BH3'b. ToT Mtjii B ce6e TRony 
cecTpy KopojA AMypara, KOToparo y6wh Tpbiu^aei, h Mtxb b ce6e 
A6HKy Ha HHH VljROTy. Wbblh naHHa BejMB seaja jeRapcTBO ot 
pan, H He GbiJio Toe paHbi, KOTopoe 6bi ne Morja sie^biTH. H kojh 
Tpbin^aH 6bijrb Ha KpaH MopA oepeA saMKOM, wwb c Toro Gbui 
BejMH Beceji h bsaji api4>y h HacTpoHXb h nonaxb Hrpam mro 
HaqyAHeH Morb. 

Kopojb JleHiiBHs BHAejTb c naiaiQr h npbicrynHJi 6jnmeE h cjiy- 
xaj BejiHKHH Hacb, a 6buo euy BHAer sejuH ahbho etr TaK oyAHe h 
a^ajocTHe irpaj, a cyAHO koidtobho aoRpbiro 3JioTorjaBOH. H npbi 
BBajTb iTb co6t KopojCByK), H u)Ha BHAeja cyAHO B cjbimaia ap4»y h 
;!RBHJa CA HHoro. 

H peK'bja KopojK): npomy Te6% ha^mo BBAerH ivHora AHBa. H 
oomjH HaAOJi ki* Hopy caMHABa h oiyxajH api>4»bi ookh nepecraj. 

A ROjra Tpbin^an nepecrajrb nrpaTH, no^aj ojaKaTH h Kpbi- 
HaTH u)T (JojiecTH, KOTopyH) irfejTb. IIpbicrynHJi Kopoj h Kopoje- 
BaA Kb cyAHy h BHAeiH Tpbintana h no3ApoBHJH ero, h wh Hirb 
BepByjTbnosApoBJieHe. H obiTajrb Tpbiman KopojA, HeanaioHbi, mTO 
Kopojb: npomy ta, nane, KOTopaA to schja, ta^ ecMO opbicraJH? 
Vevfb Kopojn»: Bw cere b OpjeHAaa. Kojh Tpbiman xoe qyjrb, 

U/H fiOJbOl'b ebWb HeHOAOHl> KJUVb paBbI HH»JH DOpBeH, OITO CA 

6ot2ij, ecjH ero nosHaioTb, to wh aaniG'b a^a AjiypaTa. 

Kopoib cobiTajTb ero: Ilpomy Te6e, pbmapy, ooBeAan mh, wt- 
Kyju> ecH? TpbimaH poK: Ilane, r^ ecMH H3i> GjiHuiHoca ropoAa a 
u)T 3eMJB v;u6'b<i»HToe, npumoji ecMH HOMOAOH'b wrb panu, ne Horb 
ecBiH HaiTH jrlRapa, Tepnejfb ecMH TaKHe nyKH h 6ojiecTH, 6bi Ha 
MOK> BOJK), AaBHO 6bix paA yMop, ajie koib nan 6or ne xohct, Hymy 
TepniTH, a BOJiejrb 6bix CMopTb wumxB TaKHH »cbiBorb. 

Kojh Kopojb cjtbimaji'b dut Tpbia^tna TaK'b roBopenbi, wh 
HaA HHBii> (cTp. 25) Brkii) MHJiocepAbe h Btpbui euy jum npaBAy 
noBOAaeT. H peK Ropojn»: ecjra-c pbiitap? PeRi> Tpbio^iH: 6cTdirb. 
Pen Ropojib: Kejifim pbii^apy, Tbi ecH npbimoj b TaROBoe BitcTi^o, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 25 

rflfi AacT Con* 6yAeiin> sAopoBi. 6ct b mchd AOHKa, raro ca bchkoh 
pane AOMbiciHTb jtnmeH bchx jieKapen, a rzi BtMi>, 6yAeTb ca oiea 
paAa To6oK> aenajiOBaTH ajia 6ora h a^a abophocth. Tpbin^aH eny 

nOAAKOBaJTb BeJMH ABOpHO H nOKOpHB. 

H Kopojb c KopojCBOK) oomoi AO najiai^, h eapaAHiB euy 
rocaoAy b duahor jiosHHUbi h Bejejrb ero npbmecTH Ha ropy b ko- 
Mopy, FAt 6huo HapaacoHO eny MtcTAO, h nojosbuni ero TaMi». A 
noTOM'b Kopoib nocjaj no AOHKy cboh) Hacoiy, h kojih npbimia 
peK ea: Muar^ aohko, hohah co hhok), uoneAH uieoro pbii^pa 
rocf A, KOTopbiH ecT BejMH HeMOAOH ivTb paHbi, H ne^ajqrH ca 
HMi AJIA 6ora H AJIA Mene h ma Ao6poe cjuiBbi, t^Kh 6hi 6hun> 
6op3AO 3AopoBi. UJea peiua: la, rocyAapy, paAa Tsoero pacKasada 
nonojHHTH H 6yAy ca npai^OBaTB rnK'b Morynbi. A xaK nua ao Tpu- 
Do^aHa, a kojih uina BHAOJia pany, npbuombua uiaho 3^6ibe, hito ca 
roAHJO AO paHbi. Tofam TpbiDO(aHi> Bi>3AbiXHyBmbi wt capota h 
uiT SojecTBy KOTopyio MtjTb, a KopojeBHa^ Koropara ca ho CTeperja 
a HH CA AOHbmiJiAJia a6bi 6bij ruA b pane, nonaja ero TtmbiTH h 
peKja: He crpambi ca, pwippy, ccjh CyAerb 6oha homoh w xeCe 
xoiy BHbiHHTH 6opi>3AO SAopoBa* TpbiDO(aH peicb: C^ Cose, kojb 6hi 
TO Horjo 6biTH, 6bix'b rd 6hin aAopoBi), He npocnji 6bix 6ora 
6ojmeH AeceTH ahch. nanxHa npbiKJiaAaja stjibe, KOTopoe SHajia, 
a cMy Bce Ha noropimeHc nuo; h no^aja HacoTa KJiecTH caua ce<^e 
H peKja: m ^esnaio mTOHbiHHTH, inTo6bi mh norpe^HO Ky toh pane. 
H no^aja pany podirjeAam, h npumjio en na yMi>, mToecTb pana 
rdAOBHTa, H peKJia cana ki. co6i: €cjh hc 6yAeT paHa tziAOBHTaA, 
Mymy ero noRHHyxH, mm, any ne Mory noMO^bi. H Bej'&ia Tpbi^ana 
HOHecTH Ha cjionaa h oonaja ci nniHOCTbio pany posnoAaTH. Pana 
CA no^aja CKBapbiTH, h peKJia HncoTa: IlaHe, m Bumj Ao6pe, mro 
TH pany KasHjo, h mio ecH HOMorb jrlRapcTBa naHTH: aceiiso, ko- 
TopbiM'b ecH 6hin> panen, Toe 6bijio rziAOBHTO, a tofo ca hrxto ho 
AOBfbicjHi'b, a Tenepi kojh ccmh toc poaSa^bija, Tbi 3 6o»ceK> no- 
MO^K) CyAemi SAopoB. Tpbi^an w tom Cbui) boccji, a nanna 
noHaia Ba6HTH aa R3 panbi h oo^aja 3H0By jiKapcxBO npbiKJia- 
AaTR K pane, h y Majbix ahox (cTp. ^6) no3Haj Tpbin^an na 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



26 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

co6i nojeamdHe, a ne 6bijio ero Sojimen, toiko KOHca Aa kocth. H 
AO AByxi} Mecei^H 6b]jrb Tpbin^aH 3AopoB, TaK xopom h jieroEr, 
rdK nepeA tbim'b 6bijn>. H npbimjio euy Ha yu^ a6bi exajrb ao Kop- 
HOsaiH mro Ha6op3AeH, 5o ca 6oi^j a6bi ero He nosHajn, h 6biJi> 
y posMbmijeHHH. 

H B Tbie AHH npbiexajH xpa pbiaapbi ^vr (OKpyrjoro croja 
KopojA ApTHyma, HMeneMi FapHorb, KaacbiHi> h BdHAeHaryji, h 
uiHbie TpH pbiaapbi 6bijra BejHKoe Ao6poTH h BejHKoe cjaabi; Ka- 
HCbiHi GbiJTb Menmoro pbiaapcTsa hhsjh Tbie ABa pbmapbi, aje 
6bu ropAbiB H MOBHbiH, H npbimjH yB-OpjieHi>AkiK) AJA ivHoe naHi>- 
Hbi, KOTopatzi Bftja saMyoc hth h a<ia Toro nejeia KjRKaTH na Typ- 
nan. H npbiniJio mhofo Ao6pbix pbmdpoBi>: KOTopbiH 6bi pbiAdp 
^ojinii MyHOBai b tobtl Typnaio, tot ee noHMeTb, a ecjni 6hi ee 
He xor&ii noHATH, h wna euy Maerb aath Aap TaKi> mhofo, doito 
KOJKOAecATb pbiaapoB MaioT. H A4A Toro Tbie Tpbi pbiaapbi npbi- 

mJH yB-OpjeHl^AdK). A SHSLl'b HX KOpOJb JIeHBH3 H paAl* HX BH- 

AejTb H BecejHJ ca ui hbx, h cejra aa ctoj, Kopoib h pbioapbi. 
KojH BHA^Jra TpbiH^ana, hhxto s hexi ero ne no3Hajrb; FapHorb 
ero nepoA'b Tbiirb BHAejrb, aje ca pymbu Tpbin^ani neMOuio, h aja 
Toro ero ne uo3Haj'b, aje He 6bijo Me^bi HHira hh ujAHoro, koto- 
pbiH 6b] TaK i^AHbiH 6bixb MK'B TpbiH^aHi. A Tpbin^iHi) no3Hajrb 
FapnoTa, CKopo ero ycnoueHyjfb, urro wh npbixoAHj y Kopno- 
Bajb c nocjbi Kopojfl AnypaTa, h aja Toro 6ojbmeH ca SotziJ^ 
a6bi ero ne no3HajH. A vubui na nero oHJiHe rjieAejH, iuto ca idh 

BHAeJli rOCTb, H HblTaiH U) ueM-b KOpOJA, H KOpOJIb RM1> OOBOAaJ 

Bce no paAy, rziRHM yMbicJoirb npbimoxb h3i> BjHwHOca, h iiiT 
Ha caeTe ^lejOB'i^Ka, xto 6bi ero BHAej Taicb HeMoanoro, niTOfibi ne 
»eajOBaj; ajie MHJocTbio 60000 h npaqoio aohkh Moee HacoTbi lun 
ecvb 3AopoB. H TjTT u) neirb mhofo FOBopbUH h nRjne na HeFO 
CMOTpijH. A FapHOTb upbiCTyoRj iTb Tpbimany r u)TBeAi>n]bi cfo 
npoi, nbiTajTb cfo: Ilpomy ta, pbiqapy, noBeAan mr, ecjiH panbim, 
XTO ecH a tuTKyib? Pck^ Tpbino^aH^: m ccmh iuarh FOCTb, 6ojmeH 
CA uiT MOHO He AOBCAaenrb; npomy ta, ne m^h mr sa 3ja. H na 

TOM CFO FapHOTb UiCTaBRJl>. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HcroFm, pomiha h noracre. 27 

H peiTb Kopojib: Xoqj noim na tot TypHae, aje 5bi ma Tau 
He nosHajiH, npomy sac, He KaiEbiTe ha eciH xto Baci> 6yAeTb nbi- 
TaTH. IIoTOirB Kopojb cobiTajTb Tpbia^aHa: Pbii^apy, rairb ca Hyenii>? 
Tpbin^aH peKi>: ^oCpe no mhjiocth 6oHceH. ^ja noro ma nbrraenrb? 
PeiTb (CTp. 27) Kopojb: 6cjui ToGi Tpe6a 36pon h koha, a To6t 
AaM H MJOAenqoB, xto 6bi To6t cxymhu. Tpbio^aH pein>: IlaHe, He 

eCT3M y MOUbl MOCH, HO CBftlO MHOFO HpaaOBaTH CA, a KOJIH Tbl 

Bicxonem exaTH, noMory da eamy jacKy, a nonecBMO u;py«be, 

HHC HOJOVtKb He BtAaCT, IDTO CA CMy FA* EpblFOAHT. PeiCb KO- 

pojb: ByAb TO na tboh) boho bkl Tbi Bejrani, aje mh ca BejbMB 
xo^eT a6bi Tbi exaj co mhok). Tpbino^an CMy iDfieoaji, a Ha 3a- 
BTpeH Hoexaj ri> Typnaio, r crpi^THJ hx FaBauin, njeM'&Hi>HHK 
KopojA ApTHyma, a 3a wawb idahhi* lonaK, KOTopuR eMy hocrj 
lObiT H cyjHoy, a to 6hij tot lOHaKi, KOTopbin Aaponaj HaxoAHRica 
R Bbiaua uiT AOHRR KopojA IlepeMOHTa. H tot BRAexb TpbiD^aBa, 
no3Hajrb ero, npbiCTynHjrb, nonaj Tpbin^any hofr i^ajOBaTR. H 
TpbiH^iHy 6hWh crpaxiy niTO ero MJOAeBem> u;TKpbieTb. H peK 
eMy TpbiH^aHi: IIohtr xo^y, ne noBeAan ha acaAHOR sbiBOR jiymhi. 
(Uh peKi^: Ilane, w tom ne A'bCaH, aje npomy ta, a^h ivarhi» 
Aap c TBoee JiacKR. Tpbino^an peK: Fotob tr ecT, ccjb TaKOBa pe^b, 
KOTopar^ CA Moace aatr. PeK lonaicb: nane, BejHKa jacKa, BtA^emi 
j[R mTO MR ecH ui6ei;aii>, AaR mr. PeK Tpbino^an: He Btni. — Pckt* 

HA eCB HOCTaBRTR pbiqapOH KOJR 6CMR Te6e AapOBai RHaXOAHRKOM'b 

R BbiacjiOH'b u)T IlepeHOHTa RopojA AOHKR. Ajie, nane, xotIj 6bix, 
niTo6bi MA €CR 3aBTpa nacaji. Pen Tpbin^aH: EyAeT TaKi>, rziKi> ccmr 
To6i iii(Jeuaji>. noTOMi Tpbm^aHi» cnbiTaji: Xto ecT uibmr pbi- 
aap, KOToporo tw uipyne HOCRnrb? Pen wnaK^: To ecT nan'b Fa- 
BaivH, njeMiHiHRKii KopojA ApTRyma, yvn ha ivGeii^aj nocTaBRTR 

pb1I](apOM KOIR rzl yCXO^, A^ KOJR eCMR BHAeJ TBOK) MRJOCTb, Ui 

Bojuo 6biTR pbiaap u)T TBoee pyKR. PeK Tpbi^aHi): mKb Tbi xo- 
Henrb, Aa npomy ta, horar ohbt ki nany FanawHy r nonecR eny 
ApeBO R 36poK), nrro Hoacem, Ain eio Ranrrax^^HCTBa r abophoctr, 
pbiitdpicTBa a 3acA aia tbocr abophoctr. Pok K)HaK: HexaR, naflei 
TBK 6yAeTbr2iRi> Tbi BejRmi>. 1/L b3aji ivh b nero 36poH) r noexai 3a 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



28 A. H. BEGEJIOBCKIH, 

HHM. H cnbiraji ero FasauiH: UItoto sa pbiaapi, Kowy ca tm xaKi. 
yiiHiHO nOKJiOHiM? PeK rziHaK: To ecr wj^nwb rocrb, aje BejMH 
xpa^pi). PeK FaaauiH: raiTL eiiy hma? PeK rziHaK: IlaHe, Tenep ca 
Toro He uomemh juohinsmn. rasauiH ivcraenj tjio peq. 

Kopojb noexajfi 3 MajoK) ApysuHoio b hbxto ero ee noaHaii, 
(crp. 28) H FaBaivH ero ee no3Hajn> BasHnepeA TUHiero neBHAaj. 

IIcoBiTaji> Kopojb Tpbimana: BiAaem jh mro to sa pbii^ap, 
KOTopbifl can u)ABH e^exb? PeKi TpbiiAaHi: To ecr FaBatuH, uie- 
MtH'bHBK'b KopojA ApTHyma. PeK Kopojb: m cjbimaj w homi, wh 
ecTb ABopen naHAM h naHHairb. H exajH nocnoje b TOBapbimcTBe, 
Kopoi CA He AAi'B 3HaTH FaBatuHy. KojH 6buo 6jraseH Kb Beiepy, 

CipiTHJrb HXT> pbiaapy KOTOpblH HOCHJTb HOpHblH H^blTb 6e31> 3Ha- 

MCHH H c HHiTb 6biJH naxojKH ABa; pbiqap exaxb nejMH crpoHHO h 
ABopHO H HOCHJi ABa MOHbi. KoJH opbiexaxb 6jHmeH, peKi> T*a- 
BauiB: Bhahtc- Jb bm Toro Ao6poro pbiaapa? Kopojb peKib eny: rziKt* 
Tbi ero AoCpoT 3Haem? FaBaivHi peK: Hh tuAHH'b Ao6pbiH pbmdp 
He CMier hochth AByx MenoB, ecjH 6bi ca ho 5Hjrb s-h ABeiia pbi- 
napbi; no toh no3HaTH Ao6poro pbiudpa, am 3a hx BeiBKyK) cut- 
jocTb wHH HOCATb ABa MeHbi. PeK Kopojb: Ha mok) Bipy BOjniRyK) 
ptTb B3Ajrb TOT pbn^ap Ha ce5e; a^ npomy Te6e, kojh 6hi ca na- 
moj pbiuap cam* co6ok> me 6hi ero AoGbU'b, mTO 6bi BHbiHHj w 
TOM^? PeKi FaBatuH: ITane, ecjiH 6bi ca namojn pbiaap caMi co- 
6oH), KOTopbiH 6hi He 6hu H3i> JIoHApema^ tun 6bi Tcpneji^ ne ho- 
CHTb opy»A udjTbiH roA 3a copoMbi, a kojh 6hi ero do^hji pbmap 
H3i JIoHApema a5o KOTopbiH neiBKHH pbiaap, we 6hi wTKHnyji 
u^AHHii Herb, a Apynifi 5bi HOCHjrb, am cyT 3 JIoHApema Hanfioj- 
mbie pbii](3pbi. Kojh Kopojb to cjbimaj'b, pen: Tenep 6bixi ho 
wcTaBHj 3a BejHKyK) ptTb, a6bix ne bcacj tot Typnan h tofo 
Ao6poro pbiaapa. H TyK) ho^i CTordJi> 6jh3K0 Typnarzi AecoT MRJb 
yB-oAHOM'b 3aMKy. H Ha3aBTpeH Tpbimani v>b2lksl nocTaBHJi>pbia3- 
poM, H (JbijT> xpa6pT> H BCJHKoe Ao6poTH H 6bij TOBapbim tuT CWKpyr- 
joro CTOJa BejHRoe aoCpoth; h 3acA c npbn'OAw 3a6HJi> ero Tpw- 
iaaHT> CBOCK) pyKOH) He 3HaK)qbi mm wh CTorziJi 3a IlajaMHAe^OM, 
ROTopbiH BejMH MHJOBaj-b oyAHyK) 1/lmoTy, A TOMy pbuopy 6biJ0 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA B DOB^CTH. 29 

HMA BepGenTb. H aasaBrpeH pano opbimoj KopoJb Ri Typeaio; Tpbi- 
mfi,m> tuHoro loeaKa nocrasHBrnbi pbuiapeirb, Aai euj KOHbH36poio 
H DoexajH Ki> TypeaK), KOTopuH ca 6bixb co^pajn na uiahoh 6o- 
jiOTC noA'B saiiKOM. A TOT TypHaH 6hixb nocnojHTbii. 

npbiexaiHTyT Asa KopoiH, Kopojb laHHm'B H3 JIokbh, a ffiynu 
Kopoju>(cTp. 29) ApTHym 3JIoBi>Apema,[aTpeTifiRopojb]y KOTopua 
MtjrB B ce6e cto pbiuapoB. H tot cjyaebiji npbiHHHny FajiwTy a 
xepmsLJ-b aanaAHBie wcTpoBbu U kojh 6bWb TOTTypHaHB OpjieHAaB^ 
Toro jtTa AH^oaioT nocTaBHJ ca pbiuapoM. 

U Kojra CA 3jy4biju o6e CTopoee Biitcro h TyT yicasajH wabbi 
ApyPHM cyjHAbi, H 6bija 6HTBa bcjoih rycTa h bcjuih Hoqaa, h Tyr 
pbii^apbi naAaJH c koboh ea aefluno. A 6buo A^ceT pbn^poBi wr 
CWKpyrjoro croja, Tbie AepacajiH wABy pyny npoTHB KopojA laaHma 
H3 JIOKBH H HblHBJia tUBH BeJBKOC «iyAO, npoFflajH Muoro pbll(9- 
poB. FapHOTL a HBaai, cbmi KopojA YpbirziBa, a FaBawBi Feemi 
H Kopojb EdBAeMaryj, /(oflAHeji>, GorpcMop, FBapemi, Tbie pbi- 
i^apu 6b]JH BeiMH Ao6pbie. H kojb ca whh nycTfljH b totl xyp* 
BaH, tuBH BqbiBHjH BCJBKoe HyAO B Majiou sacy, h bcb bc Horjra 

npOTHB HXT) CTpblBaTH H ACpsaTH DOJIO, a 6bIJH 6u no6HTbI, KOJH 

6bi Be 6biJ0 AoGporo pbiaepa 3 A^CHa Meqbi h c HopBbiM'b n^biTOM. 
Kojra tOB BAapbiJi 3 Apyroe CTopoflbi Typaara b no^aji ibiBiTH bo- 
iBKoe lyAO, ecJB 6bi leiOBticb Be bbacjh*, ae Hori> 6bi TOHy Bi- 
pbiTB: wB noqajTb BAflpaTa rejMbi 3 pbii^apoBi a MOTaTB c koboh no 
BOHJB, HBca, KOTopbie CFO BBAeja, MOBBJia, niTO u;bi> Ao6biji cero 
TypaaA; a hjla ero pbn^apcTBa bcb bjakjb ca h ae Morjni CTpu- 
BaTB npoTBB ero. Faaauia Cbixb paaea ABena paaaMB, a Fapaorb 
utn Tpbi panbi, a UBaa TaKace, a Bce Mtja panu taskbc h 3Ba- 
jeBbi 6bua c Koaea. U kojb Kopojb B3a CTOMa BBTeBMB BBAei ce6e 
no6aToro, wb 6hijn> Taicb HUUOCTeai^ mTO Majio ae BcreK ca, 
60 ivai* MBJOBaji Kpacflyio HmoTy BCflMi cdpAaifb b Gorzii ca aCbi 
tufla Toro Be AOB'lAaja ca, a Mbicjaji cv tomi> rziia 6bi ca itbctbji. 
^A Toro nocjiaji BOJiaTB no bcbm CTopoaaMi, aexaa 6yAeT obati 
Typaaa ao accatofo aha, 60 Mbicjraj'b npbiexaTa uinaTpao b aa- 
paABO Jtenmea aflaua nepao. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



30 A. H. BECEIOBCKlft, 

H KOJB 6hu BOjaH TypnaH h 6huo cJbimaTH jchm, h poai* 
exajra ca bch [h] Kopojb J[eHBH3'B, a6bi ca cnpaBUH k% KPjrouy 

TypHaK). H KOJH BHAeJI KOpOJIb [CJrOCKHH, mTO c qopHbiBTB n^bi- 

TOHi> pbmap TOTb TypeaH Ao6bu, wh^ ero npbiBHj y BejHKyio 
iJoCoB. IIojOMHAem noexaji yB-OpienAaio roBope^u tot TypeaH 
no^CTBHe HmoTHHO, a Tpbin^tH'B saBisAbi Htji na cdpubi h mm- 
CJiHJi raiTb B TOM ApyroM TypeaH Bitjii> 6bi ca 3 hbmi pocnpa- 

BHTH C TblM pbiaapOM C HOpHbHTb U^blTOMl H 3 ABCMa Me«IbI. (CTp. 

30) U BCTynHJi b-b xpaCpocT npoTBB nojaMHAe»a h rjeAtji aa 
Hero 3JibiiiH wqbma, jum ca cMy bracjio, ihto we qbiHBTb BejEKHB 
copoM pbiadpoMi>; AiA Toro Tpbi^aa-b Ha Hero irlj-b raeBjHBoe 
capita H HbiciHJfB eMy 3J0 Ha capi^, nrro BHAeji ero TaK KpacHoro 
pbiAapaHFOABoro noBceHy Ao6py. HTaKx ca euy BBAeio, Emi> iuh 
xoqeT M^Ti HHOTy h cvna ero HHjycT co Bcero capita, h Dosajn 

CA 3 BHH'B Henpbird3HHTH H HeMHJIOBaTH HeSbl C060K) TpblH^aHl B 

IlajaMiAesi. A b tom H»0Ta ne 3Bajia a hh ca ne AOHbiciHja 
se6bi wHB ee MHJiOBajH. 1/1 6bija b nee cjiyseGHBua BMeneMi Bpa- 
FBHA, Kpacna h MyApa, vuna ca AOMbicJHJa bh; uihh u)6a HHjyioTb 
HmoTy. H HCKOToporo aha BparBHA peKiaa VlmoTe sabopkb: Foe- 
QOAapbiHO, 6yAb TO 3a KynniTB, ecjiH^bi Te6e MBJioBaJH Tbie ABa pbi- 
papbi, Kotoporo 3 hhx 6bi tm xor&ia MBJOsaTH, IlajaMHAesaajGo 
Hamoro pbiAapa, 3aHi0He uihh ui6a Te6e HBjyioT? HsoTa po3CHe- 
raB CA peKJia: rzi hm HHiocTB3a6opoHHTBHeMory koihca uoe capua 
K HBM'B He tuSepneTb; a kojih 6bi na Toe npbiouo, BOJiiia fibix 
npbicTaTH Kb najiaMHAeHcy, 6o u;h ecT 6oibmHH pbii^ap. Kojh 6hi 
Hami> TaK pbii^ap 6hU'b Ao6p'L h TaKoro bpohcoha raKi no HeM 
fia^biM, cvH 6bi ehwb HanSojibmbiH h HaHoyAHeHmbiH pbn^ap. H 
Bce Toe roBopene cabimajiB tuna vu6a, IlajaBiHAesi h Tpbiii^aH, 

CeA^JB B OAHOH KOMOpe. H KOJH UiHH BbimiB BOB, TpblOtaHl HO- 

moxb Ha IDAHO 60I0T0 ryjATH h no^aji mucjibtb, wr ero hbjoct 
Ki>IIsoTe HyAHJia. Pen caMi> ki> co6i: m seMory npbiBTB na aocko- 
HajocT RpacHoe HacoTbi ccjb ho wGopoHH) hmxh IlajaMHAeu^OBbi, 
a Toro He Hory BqbiHBTB 6e3 AoCporo koha h 6e3 Ao6poB 36poH 
B 6e3'b BCJiBKoe TpyAHOCTH h npaubi, KPAbim ecrb IlajaMHAeac 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIE, POHAHA H nOB«CTH. 31 

wT AoGpBix pb^apoB. H TaK si H^ecroKOH capi^bi npefibiBaji Tpu- 
mae asKi> ao xypHatzi. 

H KOJB Kopojb xortjii nocxaTH B TypnaH h cnbrraj Tpbi- 
maea: Xosem n Tbi noexarH b tot TypnaH b eamo TOBapbini- 
CTBO? H u)B €My peKb: 6 me ca, rocyAapy, b CBie ho ^yw. Ko- 
pojb eMy yBi&pbiJi'b h Ha to|i ero wcTaBHj; a to TaK aja tofo 
ivTKasaji, xoxe^ibi noexaTH no TypnaH raK 6bi ero ee noBnajni. 
H B ipeTHH Aen Kopojb noexai ki Typnaio 3 Majoio ApyscbinoK), 
a Tpbiu^aH wcTaxb bcjimh neqajen, hh ne B^Aa^fB r^K 6bi mopk 

nOnOIlHHTH mTO MblCJHJI. 

(GTp. 31) ByAy^bicuH b toh ubicjH, npbimja k Heny EparaHA, 
KOTopatzi ero BejuiBJK) Geja, a peKja: Xlaee, iuto MbicjHm'b? Tpbiu^aH 
peiTb: IlaHiBO, kojih 6huii> BtAaii> hs mh Moacem noMOHbi b tomi 
MoeBi MbiuucHbK), fd Gbixx Baiii noBeAaj. lUna ca eiiy ivGeitaia: 
UIto 6yAy Morjia. U)h peK: XlaniHO, rd 6bix noexaj k TOMy 
Typnaio, 6bi mh 6bij ROHb h 36poA. Wbsl poKja: 4eiiy-cb nocnoji 
c KopoieM'b He exaj? Pen Tpbiman: Xotoji 6bix noexaTH no- 
TaH tnKb 6bi MA He noanaiH. H peKja A'i^BKa: A aacb aja tofo uicTajfb? 
TpbimaH peKi: 3aHCTe a<sa tofo. CAJna peiua: He Ty«bi KOHeMi> h 
36poeK), fl,AA Toro He uicxaHemi idto 6bicb ne 6hvn> b Typbaio. 
Tpbiu^an en noAAKOBaji BejMH jiacKaBe, a uotomi^ peK: Mor^i 
MRjarzi naHHO, ne^ajyH ca mhok), m 6bix ne xor&Ji> MemKaTH. lUna 
naiiijia AoGporo koha h Aofipyio 36poio 6e3i> Apyroro BHaMOHH, h 
Aaia eMy cboh ABa 6paTbi, a6bi eMy cjiymbUH. Tpbin^anii noe- 
xaji, a BparHHH npocHj'b, a6bi ero HHKOMy ne noBOAaja, h noexaj 
CKpoBHo, H sacTaj'b MHoro pbiadpoB KX)Tb MHorHxiiCTopoHB TypnaH. 

H KOJH TaM Bfia^bUH Tpbi^ana, bch XBajHjH, KOTopue ca Ha 
TO rapa3Ai> snajra, etr ctpohho na kohh ceA^ji. CTaji na cvahoh 
CTopone npoTHB bchx pbiuapoBi rjieAe^bi mTO ca 6yAeTb qbiHRTH. 
H TorAbi npbiexaji IlajaMHAeac b toh 36poH h b tom BnaMeHH, 
B KOTopoHi nepBO 6biji>, BCJMH HbiniHO. Kojih ero BHAei FaBa- 
uiH, noFJieAeBmbi na BejHKHe pbii^pbi, h peKi: Tenep MaeTe mTO 

BBAeTH, mTO CyAGT HblHHTH A06pbIH pbll^p, R BapyH CA KaHCAblH 

BAapoy ero. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



32 A. H. BECEIOBCKli, 

rapHorpes!*: Gn^e ecMH ne BMMfii poem eay na csere. H wh 
noHEJ TdKOBoe syAO ^ihbth, nrro He 6buo pbnppa b to« lyp- 
Hai, KOTopbm 6hi ne iftxB crpaxy wt aero, h sfiurb HHoro puip- 
poBiy noexaj no Tjrpeaio he jtao h he iipaBO BejniKoe ^lo %!- 
B&ibjf H He HamojTb ca pbiqap, KOTopbn 6bi eiitxB Ao;iUtn ero. 

KopOJb JleHBHS H KOpOIb H3 CTOMa pbiqapbl H BCK BejHKie pbi- 

it»pbi, KOTopue oepBO noje AepisbiBajH BejoiH Ao6pe pbODopcmnrb 
ivObnaeHy i HaKOHeai npbmijo hh locraBHTH noie, xota h ne xo- 
Te^bi, nepeA najaiiHAe»OM. H IlajainiAeJE craj y tohI) noqcre- 
HbiH, a Bci noHajni lunncaTH: G qopHbiirb u^brroH h 3 ABena He^bi 
APjTHH pas Ao6bu TypaaA. 

(crp. 32) II KOJB Tpbiu^aH Toe nyxb h BHAej^ peRXb: To ecr 
najaifHAe». UosBaj ero snaMe h pen: AaHre mh rejirb, 3 ao6- 
pbim pbiippoM xorixb 6bix ca na hojih BHAerH. H pbmapu bci 

K HeHy KHHyJH CA, H KaHAblH 3 HIXl* A^BEJ eMy CBOH rejMi». H 

KFAbi TpbintaH reiMx y3io»bu, h whh euy noBesajni h noTBep- 
AHJH rdKi ecT norpeOa HanpoTHB'b ApyroHy puitdpy, h b3aji cyjHoy 
H cnpaBHJTb CA npoTHBb IlajaHHAeacy. 

n KOJH CA yBBAeJH ivAHH Apyroix), TpbinviH peicb: Pbiqapy^ 
norpeOa mh ta ecT. II iuhi* ca HanpaBEi'b k Heny; r u;hi> ^ewb: 
EAb CK)Aa, Aa BHAHnrL. 

(EHTBa TpbiD^aHOBa cb UajaHHAeHCOM'b) H TaKib ca ny- 

CTBJR lUAHH Kb APyrOHy H BAapbUTO BeJUIH HOItHO, H JlajaMHAeHc 

3jiaMaji cyjumy, a Tpbin^an BAapbui ero TaK moeiho, ihto uih naj 
na 3eiUK) c KoneM, h wt tofo BAapy 3a6Hji ca BejiuH h ne BMtj'b 

mrO BlblHBTHy R AHBHJl CA TOMy, mTO CA CMy TaK npbirOAHJIO, H 

yctii Ha KOHA H xoT&Tb HoexaTH Ha CTan h ho CHOTptji iv^biMa 
a HH can a hh Tan. A TpbintaHi, KOTopbiH ca na nero BejuiH rnt- 
Baj, BHAejTb ero fieryqbi, exan 3a HHifb h noroHHi ero, h Majo Ha 

TOM Mill, mTO eMy BTOMCKHHenblO UIAHH COpOMl BHblHHJX, HMblC- 

an ero na to npbiBecTH, mTo6bi hhkojr ho CMtn npbiRTH Kb 
HacoTe na tuqbi. U aopohrji IlaiaMHAeasa, peK fojiocom: Pbrnapy^ 

BepHH CA, AA BHAHMl, KOTOpblH 3 HaCb rOAHeHmblH A06pOTH pbl- 

Udpi>CKoe R KOTopbiH 3 Hacb roAHeHHibiH BiHiOBaTHKpacHyK) IIa;oTy. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



UO HCTOPIH, POMAHA H DOB'BCTH. 33 

KojiH IlajaMHAeJK Tyio peqi> qyjTB, u^ai* ca AOMbicjiHJ, uito ecTB 
TpumoHi, H npecTpambu ca bcimh^ lurb He Btpbui a6bi wb tek 
AoCpwH CbLTL AOKOJie He BHAeaii un Hero xoro yAapy, h sepHyj ca 
K HeMy HB3Aji'b Htm> H BHAeji>, UITO He MOHe iuToxaTH 6e3 paHbi. 
Tpbin^tH npbimoj bcjmh npyAKo a b3a^ Mt<n>, no^ajra ca hoivio 
pyfiaxa. Tpbin^an opbiCTynnjrb h taxl ero BenKHM yAapoM no rej- 
My; tuH CA He Morb Ha kohh u^AepHcam h nai na seMJio po36HT h 
jiesajTb BeiHKyio <frHjiK> He anaioHbi ecjra .agh a6o no^b. U kojh 
Tpbin^an toc BHAeji>, u^h 6bu w tom nejiMH bocoj, hito ca euj 
Ao6pe crajOy h BHAearb to, hito cnoJiHBjrb cbok> bojk> wro HanGojeH 
aReAaj. U kojih Ao6bii Ao6poro pbuppa IlajaMHAeHca, KOToporo 
BejmH HenaBHAeji, h oocTaBHj'b ero y xaKOH ranSe, h noexajii 
(crp. 33) wT Toro xypHara ao rocnoAbi. H exaj nan Tpbiman 
no AyfipoBO, H cTpiTHJia ero u/AHa A^BKa a ABena naxojKH h ao- 
HbicjiBja CAy mTO wn 6bijrb b Typnan, mm BHAeja b nero sGpoK) 
CTOJKaHy u)T BejHKHX yAapoB, h craBuibi nosApoBEia ero BejMH 
yMEiHO. C^Hi> eH Bepnyji nosApoBJieHe BeiMH ABopno, fl peKja A^BKa: 
nane, bw OAexe c xypnara? Pen Tpbiman: IW qoirb ma nbiTaenn*? 
C^na peiua: Ilane, xoxtja 6bix a6bic mh noBeAaj, xto Ao6bu 
TypnaH. Pen Tpbin^an: IlaHiHO, eciH na to tboa boia, ra th no- 
Beu-bi cecb TypnaH Ao6bua tuAHa nanna npacnaA, KOTopyio ecMH 
yn-OHbi BHAejii} cero aha. CAJna CTOAJia BejieKyio 4>hjeo y posMbim- 
jeHK) H peKja: Pbuiapy, ahbo mh noneAaem, npomy ta noneAaH mh 
HMA Toe naHbHbi, nexan 6bix yMtJUi noBOAaTH rA'i^ 6yAy nbrrana. 
PeK Tpbiman: Tenep ca hmohh Toro ujt Mene ne AOB-feAaem. PeKJia 
A^BKa: Ilpomy ta, nane, cohmh reiwb a rojOBbi, nexan 6hixi> nap- 
cyny tboh) BBAeJia, a BaMi> no^iecnocr BibiHHja, 60 ecMH noco4 
ApTHyma KopojA. Tpbiman 3haj reiMi a rojoBbi h peK: Xlanno, 
CHOTpH co6e na Mene kojko xoHemx. UJna peKja: Ilane, BHsy ta 
BejMH Beceia, Teoep CAMory no<frajuiTH, iuto ecMH BHAeia jri^nmoro 
pbu^pa naAO bch pbii^pbi. Aie npomy ta, nane, cnoBOAaH mh hma 
CBoe. H peKi> Tpbimani: Moero hmohh Tenep ne MO^em anaTH, 60 
ero TpyAHo noBeAain. ^tBKa peKja: Exajia ecMH mhofo aeMJb a^a 
TBoero RMeHH, inKOAa-% Moee npai^bi, kojh ccmh naci BHAeja a HMenn 

C6«pun U Ota. H. A. H. 3 ^^ T 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



34 A. H. BECEJOBCKlft, 

Bamoro He stMi*. Peni Tpbin^airb: Bexan saHCTe, h» ee tot 121, 
KoroTBimemx. PeKja A'i^BRa: Ilpomy ta aia 6ora, %i He tbi b3aj 
BojAqyK) crpamy h sbiKopeHEJi 3jibiH ui6i>iHaH, KOTopuH Tpbisaj 
B TOMi> ropoAe, FAe MHoro jioAeH Ao6pbix ooMepjo sa 6e3i>3aK0Bbe 
Toe npoKJLAToe ycTasu? PeK Tpbin^aH: IlaHHa, sancTe He 6biji 
ecMH Bi> TOM ropoAe, a hh BeAaj ero; Aa npomy ta, oaHHO, ecjn 
B3ATa BojAqa CTpa»ca? Peiua naHHa: rzi ecMH BHAeia, kojih Bxkdrb 

TOTb pbll](9p Bl* OHblR TOpOA H C HHM HeKOJHCO A06pbIX pbU^apOB^ 

a HH wjkVffb TaKi He BHbiHHjn> cBoeio pyKOK), tziKii TOT pbm.dp'^. 
PeiTb Tpbiu^an: Ilpomy ta, nanHO, ecjH Tbi ero BHAejia Ges 36poH? 
BHAeja-H'b, \x)BT> ecT Bcee Kpacbi h bchx j^t, tiAKb Tbi^ b js^jl/x 
Toro saHcre BHHMaja-M ocmh aCbi u)Hpbii^dp,aj[[eBTOH ecMHXHfiHja 
\x)Tb Hoee (cTp. 34) MbicjiH. H Konea Tbixi> penen poaexaJH ca. 
Tpbin^aH'b npbiexaji k'b BpaiUHH, KOTopar^ euy mhofo nocjiy- 
»^bijia, h A^BKa noexajia cut TpbiQ^ana boimh CMyTHa, uito ca uf 
Hem He AOBtAaja. Ilpbiexaja b Typnan h BSa^bua IlajiaMHAema, 
noexaia k Heiiy, a u)hi niaieTb bojimh rposHo h KJieneTb Aenb, b 

KOTOpblH CA pOAHJl*, H HaC, KOTOpblH Ha KOHA ycoAaj'b, a A'i^BKa 

HjiaKaJia, mTO TypnaA ne aocTaia, KOToporo soAaja noTpefineH 
ycero BHAeTH. H npuexaBmbi k noMy nosApoBHia ero, a ne anaja, 
XTO uiH ecTB, H Hamia ero BejMH cnyTna: yjuwb Ty»cbu CBoen 
npbiroAe h kjiaji Toro aha, b KOTopbiH ca napoAHJi, h hslc, b ko- 
TopbiH Ha KOHb yctjTb. H opbimeAoibi k Heny A'i^BKa peiua: Pbi- 
Udpy, 6o»eTA HOTtoTB. U)h ch uiTKaaajTb: ^aHTH6orb CBOiojiacKy. 
H peK najaMHAe»c: A^jla 6ora, nanHO, CTpeTHJia-jib ecH pbuiapa b 
GtjiOH 36poH? U)Ha peiua: nane, m ero CTptTHja h c hhitb fobo- 
pbUa HeKOJRO ptHOH, tUH eACTb U'AHH'b caMi Ay6poBOK>. PeKh 
najiaHHAe»c: 6cjra BtAaemi kjut hofo uito FOBopenbi, hjla 6oFa no- 
BeAan hh. (AJna peRia: He Biirb, H2b ccmh nepcA TbiMi ero ne bh- 
Aeja h He MOFJia hmohh AOBCAaTH ca, 60 ivh hh wt KpyFjOFO CTOja 
hh u)t ABopa ApTHyma KopojA. Peni* IlajaMHAeaei: Ecjni to npas- 
Aa? (A}Ha peKJia: 3aHCTe TaK'b. CAJh peKi.: Wx7> moh 6o2Ke, to 6cmh 
FopeH em^e a^copoiiosoB h ncajocTen, hh2kjih aepBOH; h nonaji boimh 

TyHCblTH H HJiaKaTH H U^TKHHyjTb FeJMb H cu6a Meqbl H U^blT KHHyJTb 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POHAHA H DOB^bCTH. 35 

Ha Aopoiy, h Bctii na caoero koha 6e3 36poH, h exaj c njaneHi 
H 3 BejHKOK) acajocTK); H BBA^Bmbi TO A^BKa asajioBaja ero BejMH 
juoGesHo: fl^A 6ora, pbiAdpy, noBOAb mh, 40Hy ca TaK cMyTBm? 
WB'b efl noBOAai Bce no pa^y: 

EbiJTb Meue 6orB do^cthji y nepBOMi Typnaio, a b ji^yroM^ 
BbimeR BCHxi> GyAyHbi r^ b toh noqcTOHbH, npbimoj HOKOTopbiH 
pbuidpi, TaKii cuHo H secTOKO 36rj ha HanepBCH cyjHi^OK) h no- 
TOirb HeHOifb H BHbiuHj'b MA AC ROHcia y BeiHiKoi raHCe nepeA 

TaKHM HapOAOM H DCpOA XaKHMH JIOAMH AOCpblMH. fl,IA TOFO He MOPy 

HOCHTH opyaeA ipjbiH roAi, a KOjra Cbixi xoxtjii hochth, i^ 6bix 
CA nenajiOBajTb raKx 6bi my M'bCTHJi'b, (cTp. 35) a Tonep ecMH 3a- 
fhG h BOJr&Tb 6bix yMepoTH HHauH mbiB 6biTii. PeKja A'i^BKa: Ilane, 
noBeAaH mh hma cBoe. H uh peKi: rzi aciiH IlajiaMHAeH. H to poK- 
mbi Doexaii u)t nee BejMH 6op3AO, e tuna noezaja CBoeio Aoporoio 
HCKaTH Toro, KOTopbiH B3AJ BojiA^y CTpassy; a to Gbui Ah^uojot 

3 JIOKBOH, KOTOpblH DOexaji HCKaTH C06e pOBHH H pbllOpCTBa DO 

KpojieBCTBaM. EbixB nocjaH FaBatuH HCRaTH ero TaRse, h exaji 
BCioAbi, rpfk cjibimai coHMbi pbiAapcKHe. 

H eAyibi A'^BKa no Typnan crpiTHja nana FaBawHa OAy^bi 
BejMR 6opi>3AOR no3ApoBHjni CA. PeRiFaBaiuHii: Ilpomy ta, nanHO, 
noBOAaR MR rdKyio nonecTb ui pb^apbi, koTopbiR hocht 3HaMe 6tio 
R 36poK> 6e3 Apyroro SHaMCHH, ioto HOAaBHO wt nac wrBexaji. 
PeRja ACBKa: rziTR noBtMi ccjh mh cnoBeAaemi tofo, Koro rzi hii^. 
PeKi> FaBatuH: KoToporo tm Riiteini>? U}he peKja: rzi mny noBecTR 
pbmapy, KOTopbiR Ao6bu BojAHyw CTpany. Poki FaBawffB: To 
BHRMaM 3a npaBAy, mTO to ecT Torb, KOToporo Tbi cipiTHJia, h 
nd T3-2S KX) HeiTb CA HbiTaMi. U pcKja A^BKa: 3aHCTe ho totb, 6o 

TOT TaM HHKOJH HC 6bUj ajlO OCT 0H1> TOMy nOAOCCH nOCTaBOK) H 

MyscTBOM. Pen FaaaiuH: 6cjra me hc tot, rd BSd OAy R3i bcmir 
reroe y JIoHApem, mem 6bix Mor qyni tu hom ajia kofo ccmh mhofo 
npaitOBaj. Penia AeBKa: EAy ^ c to6ok). H noexajni w6a BMtcre r 
npbiexajH r TOMy MicTy, PAt 6biji najiaMHAeac noRRHyj 36poK). 
DosHajTb ee FanatuH r peKi>: To 36poA wahopo pbnppa boimr ao- 
6popo; R B3AI n^biT H noBecRJTb epo na Aepene. VevusL naHRa: Kojh 

L^„* Dy Google 



36 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

Cbic BeAajTb Toro, KOTopuH Tyio aCpoio noKHHyxB, »ri> xysbu ■ 
uaHajTby Tu 6bi ca Tony BejMH AHBoeaji. B noseAaja euy ace oo 
paAy, mTO eueja h cjbimaia u^t Hero. raeaoiH peicb: Mosem jni 
aaaTH hma ero? Wbsl peujia: He xoTtji mh noeeAani. Pesi Fa- 
Bau/H: PaAii 6bix BiAaxb bcio Hcrory w Hen, aCbix yntj noBeAan 
Kopojuo ApTHyioy h y HHiubix KopojieBCKBx ABopex. noTom no- 
exajH K Kopojio h bboduh y BejiaKHH Kopa6jk. 

To iDCTaBMO, BepHHMO CA Kb umj TpbiiiiaHy. Kojni TpunmH 
oiTbexaj wT A^BKH, H exaji npyAKO h npuexaji b ropoA na rocaoAj 
KoHsore h ki BparHHe h npbimoji ho^i>k) xaA ca. (crp. 36) 
A BparHUA crpiTHJia, KOTopar^i Cbua paAa BtAaTH Hcrory ai Typaaio, 
H KOJU wusL BHACJia, ooiiua K HeMy, no3ApoBHBmbi nbirajia ero: Moh 
Ao6pbiH a noqecTHbiH nane, tMrb ca eca irkii> y CBoea pe^bi? IIoBe* 
Aaa MB lu TypaaK), xto ivt aero qecr MixB? Pea Tpbiu^aa: 
Morzi MBiarzi naaao, ae Mory tb Toro ^acy noBOAaTB. Peaia BparaaA: 
Ilaae, noaeAaa mb o IlajaMaAesy; tua jni Ao6bij TypaaA? Peicb 
Tpbin^aa: He Mory tb ui aeM noBeAaTB, jie<i Ao6pe to atn, mro 
aia ecTb cut AoCpbix pbiAdpoB, KOTopbie no catTy cibiayT, 
aje Taa ca eiiy xenep npbiroABJio^ aac ae AoCuxb qcra a tom'l 
Typaaa. Wesl peaia ycnexayambi ca: A Tbi, aaoi pbioopy, raai ca 
eca uin? Pea TpbiiAaa: rzi ecsia AOKoaaji CBoe BMbmueaae 
rziKi ecMB xoT&i, a npomy ta Gojimea ma ae nbiraa. (Uaa ero a a 
roMa> oiCTaaaia, mm ca 6bija AOHbicjrajia, ioto uia ae xoqer u^ 
CBoea jierKocTa a aa tu AoGpoMii ooaeAaTB, a tuaa eMy Aaia Aofipyio 
nocrejiOy a aia Jierb cnaTB, uito (Sbiji BCJbMa TpyAcai^ a uunyx- 
ayjTb aejiMB u^t BAapy. A Kojm tunoHbiayi ao CBoea aojni, a aa 
3aBTpea 6buo OMy aaAeae aaxeajo a nocaaejio tux Maorax BAa- 
poB. A aojB BoqajB jioab roaopbixa iv pbiiopbi, Koxopbia 6hii 
B Ctiofl d6poa, a Tpbio^aa kx> xom cxbiABJ ca, 6o ae paA 6bi nixoC 
ero nosaajB. H xpexero aha apbiexai aopojb JleaBaai as CBoeio 
ApyacbiaoM) y cbob ABop, a c bbmi npbiexbiia aejaaae pbiAapbi 
FapaoTb, BaaAdMai^yji naa a U)Baa, a ae MOBBJia aaoro aa^iorOy 
xojnco UI xypaaa a w 6tjOM^ pbii^apy a tu HajiaMBAeaey, a AHBBja 
CA, mxo 6tjibia pbii^p 6e3i> bocxb exaji. H pea 6aaA3Maryji> Fap- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPHI, POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 37 

HOTy: Mh* ca bhahtb h» to gct wuhm pMi^ap, KOTOpbm ao6uj 
BojiAHyio cTpaacy, tot pbmdp sesAe ca Taw. Peie Kopojib: Ilpomy 
sac, mTO ecT aa puiiap, w kom^ bli roBopbiTc? H pen FapHOT: 

IlaHe, Mbl MOBHM tU TOIIl, KOTOpOFO HBAaBHO OaCaJi MOH tUTei^ KO- 
pOJb ApTHym, H TOT BHblHHJI TaKOBOC pbll^dpCTBO CBOeK) pyKOK), 

t^Kii HejOB^K'L He BHAeji a hh cjbimai, h ntrb qojiOBtRa, KOTopbni 
6bi HMA ero 3Haji, (CTp. 37) a6o xto ecT tuHT>. Pok KOpOJib: Kojh 
tuH Ao6biji 6HTBy, a hma CBoe TaHT h ho xoneT mT06bi ero 3HajiH, 
TOT BOJiMH ecT AoCpbiH. H BCH Tbfe pt^bi ero TpbiiqaH nepeA'b ce6e 
6paji. A BparHHA fibiJia bcjimh MyApa h 6a?Ha, bch Tbie pinbi ea 
capobi CBoeM Hijia, h npbimjo ch na yai: Anen GyAOT to pbntapi, 
KOMy » AaJia koha h sCpoio h n^brr? H nonajia nbrniTH u^ahofo h 
Apyroro w Gkiou pbmapbi h AOBtAaiacA hctothg, nrro ecT Tpw- 
maHi> noqcTOHi b Typean^ h 6bijia iv toitb Beaira Becejia, h Hbic- 
jHja tziK 6bi Morjia BiAaTH hma ero, ivTKyji ecTi>. H b tot Be<iop 
npbnnjia hk KopoJio JleHBHsy n peKJia: FocnoAapy Kopojiio, pan Bt- 
AaTH yju 6'6jiom'b pbii^pbi Koro nceAaemi, KOTopbiH aoCmji cecb 
TypeaH. ^eK Kopojib: JlfiBKO^ m Toro BejHH aceAaiii>, 60 ecMH BHAej 
BejHKy AoSpoTb ero HOHHa u/qbina. H peKja BparHHA: He Tyabi, 
ra TA xo^y Ha Aopory naBecTH. Pen KopoJb: 6cjh hh npaBAy coo- 
BeAaemi, 6yAy TOHy BejMH baahoh. H na saBTpee BparHHA peKja 
Kopojno: IIoHAH co mhok) y naiai^. H wu moxB, h BKasaia my 
Tyio 36poH) H n^biTb H peKja: MojKem jh ee anaTb, ecjiH ecH bhacj 
B TOiTL Typnan? Pok Kopoju>: SancTe TaA sSporzi h tot ii;brn> 6bijii> 
Ha TOM'B pbii^apbi, KOTopbiH Ao6bij TypnaA. Ajie ji^a 6ora, acbko^ 
ooBeAan hh, ecjH nrro BeAaenrb u; HeHi>. PeKJia BparHHA: Ilane, 

KOJIH €CH U) TOM BeCejT, HO XOHy TaHTH DOpOA TO6OK): TO CblJI tUHblH 

pbiuap, KOTopwH y TBO€H AOHy Tenep, KOToporo th npbiHAJi 
paHHoro H 6ojraoro, KOToporo tboizi AO^Ka sjeibua. 

Kopojb TO cjbimaj, 3aAHBHJi> ca, ne Btpbu Touy flce-6bi idh 
TaK Ao6pb]H 6biJi, H nonaji obrraTH: KoTopbiH tD6bi<iaeH to SHaem 
no Hen? Wna. eny noBCAaja Bce no paAy, rsiirb eny koha h 36poH) 
Aaja H raiTb Td-H uiHATb npbiexaji k hoh. H Kopojb npusBan Tan 
fleKOJKo JioAeH, KOTopbie fibUH 3 HHH Ha Typnaio, h peKi> hh: Mo- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



38 A. H. BECEJIOBCKit, 

mere m no3HaTH Tyio sSpoio h tot mbirb? CUhh peKjni: SanpaB^y 
Tarzi 36poA Ao6bijia cero TypHatzi. H dotom Kopojib 6i>iJn> BecejTb. 

H nomojfb no Tpun^aHa h peK eny: Mon noHCTeHbiH pbiaapy, 
ra MaifL uaTA Hajn>, mTO ca ecH tojko TaHjn> cvt Mene ajia CBoero 
noqcTCHA. (cTp. 38) 6cjni TBord bojia, noBeAaa mh hma CBoe. Kojih 
TpbinviH TO qyjTb, BJiAK'b CA BejMH, niTO 6yAeTb noBHaH, 60 b ^ajrb 
mm eny Tyr eaHfiojimoe bjio mbicjAT, h uiTKasaji Kopojio: riane, 
AJA Meee ecH hhofo BqueHJi^ ?oro r^i HHKOMy ho noBEHOH tbr 
MHoro HbiEHTH \7iKb To6i&y 6yAy noRH «biB, xoqy TH oiTAaaaTH 
MOHMB cjysfiaMH KOJH vflfk MOHO SyAOT noTpofia. PoR RopoA: rzi 
RHoro Tcnep ee noTpefiyio, u;aho a6bic mh cnoBCAarb rma CBoe. 
Pen Tpbin^aH: Moh naae, Tenep to 6biTH ho MO»eTb aCbix th 
cnoBOAaji. PcR Ropojn>: IIoBeAaH me mh, tm jv HOCHXb 6ijiyio 
36poK) Ha ceMi TypnaR, KOTopyio tr Aaia BparRHA? H peRi> Tpbi- 
maHi>: t2iHOCRj'bTyK)36poK), Aa Toro MR sajb, urro Bbi Toe BtAaeTe. 
PeKi Kopojb: Pbii^dpy, Tbi ifoaom'b tofo hb »ajiOBaTR r a^th uat 

BBBTR CBOK) pBTb, IDTO MR eCR BHblHRJ'b BBJOIKOe nOTbCTOHe, RSTb 

3 Moero AOMy pbii^ap Ao6biji Typnara; aia tboofo pbnidpcTBa r 
AJiA TBoee npbirziBHR r Ao6poTR A^'Pyio tr cbok) npbitziBHb. Tpbi- 
mjBLn noAAKOBaji bbimh yMRjao. ITotom Tpbio^aHOBO pbnopcTBO 

fibUO 3HaHH0 JTB - OpjieH^AdH, R 6hlJL BCJIMR HOCTOBaH U)T KO* 

pojA R tuTO BCRX Ao6pbix jiioAeR, R HO 6bijio naHHbi R naeee bo 
BCOMi KopojieBOMi> ABope, KOTopatd 6bi He fibua paAa MRioBaTR ero 
\x)T Bcero capita, ecjR 6hi wb xorlji. BnRMajR, duto Hskotb bir- 
jiyerb ero hotbr, ajie u^na Mtja e^hotjeboo capqe, h Kopojb 6bijrb 
paA inTo6bi tuna ero MHjroBaja, a huh ee^ r mTo6bi ee bbaj 3a 
ce6e, 60 3Haj Toe R»e uina ho Mosserb 3a lenmoro oortr pbmapa 
RaA Hero, ajie tu tom BejMR »aji0Bajrb, urro ne B^Aarb RMeHR 
ero, R He CMtji CMy AOKyqaTR hr obiraTR. 

H tuAHoro AHA Tpbin^aH Mbu ca y BanHe jtb-oahor KOMope, r 
cjyHbua eMy HsoTa r RHbie mhofrc a'I^bkr, r KBHAatzi Mojra to 
cofit sa BejRKRR Aap, nrro eaiy nocjiy»ebijia. H TyAbi xoAOHbi huahh 
HOJOfieK'b, Ha RMA KymbiHi, npbiCTynRji Kb nocTejR Tpbin^aHOBOR 
R B3AJ wtwb^ R BbiHABmbi epo HO^aj FJieA'i^TR, R BRAeBi CA eMy 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTBPIH, POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 39 

xoponii> H u;CTpi>, H He HacbiTHJi CA pjiAAeqbi Ha Hero h npbiHecB ero 
AO Kopojieeoe. (Una ero no^aia uirjeAara h yCa^ujia (crp. 39) b nero 
]i^ep6HHy H peKja Kymbiny: IIoBeAaH mh, hiab to moi? H wh en 
cnoBeAaj. M tuna peKja: IIoHecH ero 3a mhok); h kve noHeci h 
Bjes 3a Heio y ee KOMopy; uina Bbmejia h3i> CKpbiHH yjOHOK Me?a 
H npbuo«bijia ero Kb ne^y, h wb npbiCTaji, h uina BHAejia, niTo 
TOT iii<rb, KOTopbiH yfiHj 6paTa ee AnypaTa, n BAapbua ca no 
jBUy H peKJia: U)x moh GoHce, moh HenpbiraTejib ecT y namoM 
AOBfy, KOTopbiH yCHJi Moero 6paTa KopoiA AwypaTa AoCporo pw- 
itapal To ecT Tpbiman, aja tofo ca Tann,, a to ecT totl MeqT>, 

KOTOpblH yHblHHJI BCHXl HaC aUUOCTHblX H nOHH3HJI H yHeH- 

mbiXB BCK> (UpjeHAbiK). H po3rHtBaja ca Bej[MH, ysABinbi neq h 
nonua na Tpbiu^aHa b&imh npyAKO, h npbimoAmu k HCMy 3aMax- 
Hyjia TATH ero; Tpbiman CKpHJii ca y KaAb. H peKia: Tpbuqane, 
Tbi ecH Tyr MepTBi> wt cero Mena, KOTopbiMi> ecH y6Hj ifoero 
6paTa KopoiA AsiypaTa; Tenep ecH MepTBi> wvb MOee pyKH. Tpu- 
maH HHrziKO ca He cnojoxaji, a naxoioiCB npbicTynHJT>, peKi: 
IlaBH, Bapyn ca, ho B6HBaH pbii^apa CBoenpyKOK), He cjymbir To6t 
TaKOH KopyHOBanoH naneH KopojCBOH OKpbiBaBHTH CBoe pyKH b Kpo- 

BH pbll^pCKOH. 6C1H eCTb BHHeHl>, A^H TyK) HOMCTy Ha KOpOJA, tUH 

MO»eT yqbiHHTH, mTO SyAOTb cjymno eMy h poaho tbok) acajiocT 
MCTHTH. A naHH npoA'B CA HeBHejia ca, nacTynHja tath Tpbin^aHa, 
a naxojoK ee y^aTHj 3a pyKy, ne pfiji'h tath, a HacoTa dokh- 
HyBinbi copoHi>, 6o ee MHjrocTb Tpbia^anoBa THcnyjia, h dao^biTHJia 
eix) pyKOK) neiMH mbjoccpaiiHO. H peicia KopojiCBaA: Moa MBjaA 

AOHKO HSKOTO, mTO qblHHffl? To CCT TpblU^aH, KOTOpblH y6HJl 

TBoepo AAAKa AnypaTa. 

H Ha TOT Kpbiicb npbimoj Kopojib h peirb: riaHH, qoiiy ca Tan 
PHtBaem? UinapeKJia: FocnoAapy, tnKi ca ne PHi^BaTH? nanua ecus 
HaHfiojmopo neopbirziTejiA CBoepo TpbimtaHa, KOTopbiH b6hji 6paTa 
Moepo AsiypaTa, TbiM ca TaHJi b HamoM ABope; a6o epo Tbi 
b6h, aCo ra. To ecrb tot win-by KOTopbiH AnypaTa b6hji, a oih 
Hexan tuT topo-h Heqa yMpcT. Kopojb to qyBinbi h noMbicjiHjn>, 
6o 6bij bcjmh MyApbiH, h pcK: Thxo, nanH, ajblr Tyio noMCTy Ha 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



40 A. H. BECEJIOBGKlfi, 

Mene, ra xoiy BibiHHTH tAK% ecT npaBO roAHO, a ToSi fiyAcr ne 

3Sajlk. H BSAJTB WT HCe Bf&TL H pCK: IIORAH TCnCp BOHT>. H U^Ha 

nonua, (CTp. 40) a Kopojb nbiTai Tpbim;aHa. H peK TpbimaHy: Mh- 
jibiH npbiwxejK), Tbi-c b6m'b AMypaxa? Pen Tpbin^iR: Taimi ca 
6ojmeH He Mory, ra ecMH ero B6Hjn>, hhxto mh hc Moace npbiraHHTH, 
HHc TaKX roAHJO CA Mfffe €ro B6imr, a6o eny Mene, maK He mofjio 
6biTH. PeK Kopojb: Tbi ecH MepTBi; h aace eMy peKT>: OnpanR ca 
H npbiBAH KO Mwk Ao BejHKoro najaiiy. A npbi Tpbintane wcTaBHJi 
Tpbi naxojKH noKH ca Bfiepexb. TpbiiaaHi> ca yfipaii iQ^AHe h no- 
qecTHO H npbimoj ao BeiHKoro najaqy y bcjihkoh »cajocTH, a 
HaH6ojme h a^a Toro, hhc npbi neM ne 6hiJL0 Me^a ero. A najrairb 
6bijrb nojiOHi Ao5pbixi> hoach, naneB h naneHi, h kojh cohh bh- 
AejH ero, rjieAOJiH aa Hero BejMB hhjiho aja ero iotarocth h BejHRoe 
Ao6poTH R pbii^dpcTBa R ARBOBajR CA BCJiRKOR qyAHoCTR ero H 
i^ARi)!^!) yMbicjOBi wb npecneHHocTR r abophoctr. H mobbjoi naHHbi 
AO HacoTbi: 6cjr6i> Tpbi^an Mtrb CHepTb, KOTopbiR iiyAHeRinbiR 
BCRx Ha CBixe, 6biJ0 6bi ero saib bcrm jioAeM. 

A TaK% BCR Ao5pbie jkoah r pbiaapu mobrjr: Bor Bt, na CBtre 
Htrb TaKoro pwippa, r BejRKRR 6bi rpix-b a6bi sa To[ro] ero 3a6RTR, 
KOTopbiR CA B»ce HO MOHe BopHyTR. IIoTOH^ Hpbimia KopojieBaA R 
nonajra KopoJio AOKy^axR co njanoM MOBe^bi: IlaHe, to ecri mor 
HenpbitnTejib, mctr naA hrmi> ookr ecT y xBoeR MOi^bi, ajie kojr 
Tbi ero BnycxRm, ne 6yAex na xbow bojk). 

Kopoju> AiRjOBaji KopojeByK) r ne BeAaji caMi, mxo Htxb yqbi- 
HRXR, R MOJixnaji HHoro HRHoro He MOBOHbi, a HaKOHei^i> mobrj 
BCRMi y cjibimaHRe: Tpbio^aHe, xbi mr ecR BOjniR brhoh, ajie xoxa 

MR BCR JK)AR 6yAyX MCTR 3a 316, fflXO XA XOiy HyCXRXR C HOKOCM, 

tucBofioARXR u)x CMcpxH, Koxopyw ccR BiijTb HOAHAXR, ajie npw- 
HAJi'b ecMR xe6e y mor aoh neMOiiHoro r 6iAHoro, Aai ecHR xo6i 
3AopoBe; Apyroe: Tbi ecR xaKOB% pbii^dp, ra xoGt poBHR ne 3HaK) na 
CBtxe; xpexec: He 3paAHe ecR yCRji-b Moero raypbina AMypaxa, ySRji 
ecR ero pbiaapcKRM ofibiqacM. 3a to xpoe wxnycKaio xr CMepxb, 
aie xaiTB BHbraR, raKi a xo6t oobom: kojr ca xo xaKi> cxajo, 
xoFABi mxo Moacemi> Ha6op3AeR 6e»R(cxp. 41) 3 Moee 3eMjR, HRFAi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no RCTOPIB, POMAHA H nOMCTH. 41 

He MeiDKaa, afibix ta 6ojmeH Toro HHPAt He snamoji, 60 ta ndBHe 
Mymy safiHTH ecjra Cyjiy mot. 

CjibimaBmbi Toe Tpbimau, noAAKOBaj'b Beim yMHJHO nepseH 
6ory H KopojiK) h bsaji wTnyn^eHbe ivr KopojiA h uit bchxi jiioAeH, 
KOTopbie Tyt 6bijra. Kopojb ero wTopaBHJi nonecTHe h xai eny 
KOHA H 36poio, H BpaPHHA AUdL euj CBOH ABa 6paTbi, a6bi eiiy 
cjry»bUH^ H BejiAiH 6bija acajiocTHi^, aie ne Aaia ca 3HaTH Kopo- 
jieBOH, 60 KopojreBaA rniBaja ca a^a TpbinviHa, idto eMy Ropojb 
uiTnycTHj CBieprb. A HaeoTa h rabie jijkwhVM roBopbiji: JleneH to 
ecT, nrro TpbinviH npocT wt CMeprH sa tunoro, Roropbiv ca ne 
Maer BepHyrn. A Tpbiu^aH noexaji kb npbiCTaHHmy h3 cbocio Apy- 
»biH0K), a JIK)AH roBopbuni n ahbrih ca ero AofipoTH h abophocth. 
A ROJis exaj b cyAoe, 6biji hbtb AoGpbiH BtTp na hxi bojk), npbi- 
THajTb Hxi> 6opi>3AO y KopHOBajii; 11 6bii TOBiy TpbimaHi» BejmH 
Becej H BT^BAajfL oajiy 6ory co Bcero capaa, h Tyr uino^ibiHyjiH 
luAHH'b AeHb nbixaioqbi ca tu Kopoji Mapny h uiHbirb naHoxi*. VI 
HasaBTpeH noexaj rxb eny noBeAajra KopojrA MapKa. 

A Kojni Tpbio^airb npuexan y ABop KopojiA Mapna, Kopojb 
ero BejMH baahho npbiBirraji'b, h Tyrb 6biJ0 BOiHKoe secejie, ko- 
Tppoe HbiHU Kopojb H naHOBe, TaK tziKi 6bi iimi> npbimoji uiTea, h 
MHJiOBajiH ero nanoBe, tiiirb cboc capi^o. ribiTan Kopojb Tpbimaaa, 
r^iicB CA cMy nrro npbiroAHJio hut Toro nacy, rmeb wt BMXb noexaji 
Ha Mope HeMOAOfl. TpbiiiutR'b eiiy noBeAaji Bce no paAy, tziicB ero 
4»opTyHa npbraecjia yB-OpjienAdK), h r^K% ero Ropojib npbiHAJTB y 
CBOH ABop H jiacKaB Ao Hero 6bii^ h tnK ero aaji jeqbim aohip cboch 
Hsore, KOToparzi Buejia wt panbi Bbimen HHbix itRapoBi. H oihat 
noBOAajTb w ee Rpace, h mKb ero no3Hajni aja Me<ia, h tziR'b ero 
Ropojb 36aBHXb UIT cMcpxH H nycTHJi ero Ao6pe no^ecTHe; a ne no- 
BOAajTb CMy tisKb 36HJ1 najiaMHAe»a n Ao6bu Typnatzi. H 6bij^ Tpu- 
wm B KopnoBajTH tuT jiOAeH y bcjeromi noqiCTenbH mr cam* ro- 
pojb MapRo. A RopojiCBXCTBO RopnoBajCRoe Bce 6huo bitb cbo- 
60AHO H MHonie CTopoHbi Gorzijnr ca ero. 

H B Tbie qacbi 6bija wAna nanH AOHRa tuAHoro rhaba, iiyAHeH- 
marzi hba ycK> KopnoBajio, h HCAaBHO 3a ce6e hohajii ee wahhi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



42 1. ■. BCCEJOBCKli, 




\mnJt<mUcip. 42)jipeaa, mmeaan Cerjpajiex, JU^ee i 
60 OWL 6tutL tMo vtt m poan. B Bopojb Hapn yuiMWi w e^ 
eexHcun, ano rtrn aerepnu, vro (iu jua 
HI, TiUBO <Eu ee BO CBoei bqjb viiK B ubb 
B» MfojeB xnp M BipT. B itjonro jia opuHa 7 
Beeeje, b Mpo& fcu seju seeen. a ee npuxojQr. A 
wmjmM TpuBUio, bovj bb see bcibb rjemeiw, 60 cj^ cay 
■UH(rjDBeflflnA pn bo Hacore, b Hpucnw e bchj ee 
TMUMh znpo, m (iu toto enxio He fit^uj. Koib ui 
TpMBiBBi BBB^r jDKaaioro b BBBfiojiDoro puppa, B flpuBie €■ BB 
iv¥, BOJBdu zorinBUOBBnee, uHifiu (Ruumro BexoieiB, 4k> 
BBBjaero jid<^otb vin boocboh) xuca mpu Tpumue b 
<Eu soTJB 6a CBoee raaSu mbjobbtb ero, a a'KO ee se 6ujo 
TOJBO Bpu Tpumioe. H 3b6uib BCD floxea opu TpuauBe, a 
TpUBitBi aalSfcm flxorry; an norjejuuB ujibh bb ji^Toro 
jmuBO, B MiomuciMTh CA ujiBH, nno b jqnrroro bb Bvt. H 
fcuo K¥ K«^, DBBB ja^jui npooiMe aT EopoxA B npuciysBJUi 
Bean bjiavo nTpuaufly, vyjipo pesja: Ihoe, uecn tboa, ccjoi 
Tu XMeon. Pes Tpuouin»: BejBEB jbcsb, oihb, u ta opuBHBM 
BejBV BjiAve, oio TBOfl puipp. WjiHo Toe pesmu memti oo6o»» 
BSHB oomiB AO rocnojpo, a Tpumiaa ooBecji b cepou, b npu- 
Biejunu BB rocDOj^, oocjbjb xjoiruia ao Tpumua, soit^oiiy ca 

as^iujB, B pesjB: U<mxM aqpoeao Kb Tpumaay b sob chj 
(, eezBB DpuBAer eo HHt bb avepstHu e hobbt 00 vBon, 
E i^uuer BspBEKOfl CO BCEn upyaEuorb, 60 ne BtABer %jo- 
Bfai, ano CA CBY rjie Bpurojprr; b upBiexjbTe itfia bb 6ojoto eo- 
Ben Mopa. B xjoaea pen: IlaflB, u roroBi cnpaBBn tboo bojdd. 
fl Domon Ei» Tpuiqa^ b u*TBexi ero bb aco6b b oraeXM tMy 
DOcaJCTBO cBoee naaee. Ti^maH pesi>: a pajn» squHBTE bb eeso- 
j», a m Be xoipi HBsyiu 3 Mjmp^ ooejiUH) ai$a nocooje. H npu- 
aaajn ajtsoro naxoiKa b pen>: ^epaoj be Roob ucejuae e 36po» 
BB nepBon nepsaBB (crp. 43), jia ae noBeufl HEsoMy. A Bopoib 
Mapso BBAej TpbimaBa, uxbh hb xkMjne c uoiruKNi bobbbidu, 
E Bomon unr naflOBi> y Koiiopy e sejexb bcbvb buetv, e peRb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPm, POM AHA H DOB^CTB. 43 

xionii^: UIto ecH c Tp^m^aHOMi roBopbijiT> 3 mohhi> cecTpen- 
upu-b? H Maryin peKi>: riaHe, m tofo He Mory noaexaTH, ivtojcth mh, 
aje AdBii> TH SHaTH hhc tot tboh cecTpeHein> hh crioAeHO a hh 
Tenjo. PeK KopoJb: Xony a6bic mh ooBeAajrb xota h ne no bojb. 
PeK xjonei^: He foaht ca Met TaeHHHip> noBeAaTH, a to (Smx apaA* 
i^a 6bijn>. PeK Kopojb: Mycnm noBeAaTH, aj6o MaemTenep HeyMe- 
peTH. Xjioneit 3jak ca b&imh h peirb: FocnoAapy, m th ooBtirb, Aft 
AiA 6ora He noBOAaH HHKOMy . H Kopojib ca eny uiCei^aji, h ivh cao- 
BOAan^Bce, \^Kb ero naHH nocjajia icb Tpbin^tey h t^AKb \x)WbX0Hev 
HoexaTH Kb Hen. 

H ycjbiinaji to Ropojb, Gbui w tomi BejMH sajiocTeH, 60 
wB ee xorljTb MiTH no cboch bojh, a tuna ca uit hofo ivtmo- 
Bua H He npbi3B0JHjia CBiy HaAHbiarb tu6bHaeM. H coa^jtb mhofo 
Mbicje^bi H poKi caMi R co6i: Ea^i* ua tofo, iDHa ca uit Mene 
u;TMOBHja TB.Kb BejHKOMy naHy, a Mora 6bix ch 310 h Ao6po B<ibi- 

HHTHy H AaJia CA TOMy, KOTOpblH He MOSCeT CH HH^OPO B^blHHTH H He 

ecT pbiitap TaiTb Ao6pbm mKh a; no npaaAO u^na CasyMHaA HestcTa 
HA^ TOFO fiyAOTb M'^TH BeiHKyio HajiocTb. Aje He Asa bbbtb Ma- 
pyiny Mbicjra cboch h CTaBHJi CAjr6nnibiHi> pbii(3poMi>, HHauH Tpu- 
ii^aHy H Mbicjraji BejniKHH qac h peK Mapymy xjioni^r: ^hbho mh 
TBoen naneH, rziKi ca Taicb 6op3AO po3MHJiOBajia Tpbuuana, ROTopbiH 
eiBfi AOTHHa, a rzi 3HaK) Jienmopo pbii^dpa HHauni Tpbin^ana, a naH'b 
ecT BejraKHH raKi a csLWb^ KOTopbiH xoT&n> bcjimh MHJOBaTH ee, tuna 
CA tuTMOBBJia wT Hopo. PcK'b Mapym: FocnoAapy, ne BtAaere-ib 

Bbl TOPO, IDTO laCTO CA UpblPOWaCT MCHCbl MyHKblKOB H HOBtCT? 

^ypHH u)6epeTb co6i MeHmyio h nymyio, a MOPJia 6bi CMy 6biT 
ABa KpoT jfinmarzi; TaKi> me HHesicTa He bcxohct AoCpopo pbiuapa 
a6o BejBKOPO nana. H pen Kopojb: m caM ee AOCbiT HCKaji, a uina 
CA u)TMOBHjia ivT MCHC, H AJA CO piynocTH xoiy ee yMopbrrHHAOM*b 
ee nopyCHTH. Kojih MapyraiTo lyji*, qaar ca, 60 3Haji KopoJAHaH- 
spaAJiHBnioPO ^ojOBCKa, h AOHbicjroji> ca TOMy (cTp. 44) bsc Kopojib 
MaeT exaTH bm^cto TpbiiAana, a6bi Mkii ee no cboch bojoi. A 
jencH 6b] naneH 3aPHHyTB hhhcjb toc bhuhbth: hotohi 6hi Tpu- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



44 A. H. BECEJOBCRlfi, 

mjm'b NbicjiHXb KopojiK) mro aioro BqbiHHTH. Pck Kopojb Marymy: 
IUto MbicjinrB? H uih eMy cnoBeAajn* bcio npaB^y. 

H KOJH Kopoib nosHai'L, mro idh cbok) naHHio 3bnbiTb euy 
Cojnni HH^uH Tpbimany, Cbui Tony bcjimh pa*: H tm he MOHcemi» 
Ao6pa MHoro bhwhhth, usr ra naio tbok) oaHHio na mmcjh, 6o kojh 
6bi MA Arbia pa3T> b ce6e, dotomi 6b\ ma saBs^bi pa^a MixH. Pen 
Maryra: IlaHe, ra pa* mro 6yAy Mor bimotth, ajie c Tpbitua- 
HOM'B mro MbicJiHni? A ra peKi> noHTH 3 hrmi, a ecjra €My 
aorbry, aie mh ca CTaner. — ^jia xoro HeACaH raqoro, w xwy no- 
exaTH c OAHbiM naxojKOM'b B-b aCpoa, a Bac Cy^y HAaxa npbi 
cryAHH KyAbi BaM'b exaxn, h xaM xoiy noqocxoBaxH TpwmaHa, raxo 
aafiyjiex xBoee nanee mjuocxh. A kojth cro a'x6yJ^y, xorAw noe^y 
c X06010, a xbi MA ooBej^em bm^cxo TpbimaHa, a xodt 6yAexb 
3a xo BejMH AoCpo. H Maryni peK'b: ra paA b%ihhxh Ha xbow 
BOJiiO, aje j^iA 6ora noBeAan mh, raicb Mbicjrani uix6bixH Tpbi- 
n^aHa bcjimh Ao6poro h MoiiHoro pbii^apa. fl^A 6ora He nycKan ca 
Ha xaKOByK) npbiroAy, 60 kvb xoqexb noexaxH b 36poH. Pen kg- 
pojb Marymy: rioAoSHO ca xo6i BHAHXb, mTo6bi Tpbia^aH-b MOdHen 
Mene 6bijr? He cxpamn ca, xo<iy ero BqbiHHXH raHSena. VI Bbimoj 
Kopojb 3 MarymoMi c KOMopbi. H TpbiiqaH. ero BHAeBmbi h peK%: 
ra roxoBi exaxH. Pck Marym: Hexan 6yAex qac. Kopojb opbiSBaji 
wAHoro naxoJiKa: Haroiyn mh KOHb h 36poK) Ky 3HepKaHio, a ne 
noBeAaH HHKOMy. H Bfipai ca bt* 36poK) h Bctxb Ha KOHb h noexajrb 
c xbiM naxcjiKOM k xoMy Micxy, a naxojioK nonec ero iiibixi> h cy- 
Muy. n npuexajiH k xoh boa^; KopoA siceji c koha h peKi>: 
HaMi lyx noxpe6a amaxHxoro, Koro xyx npoxajra. H ivnoHbiBaioHbi 
wm B6aHbiJH, as eAex TpbiniaH c oahum naxojiKOM'b h SMarymeM. 
Kopojib Bci^'b Ha KOHb H pen naxojncy: ^an mh mbix h cyjnmy. Pen 
naxojfoiTb: lllxo xoqem, nane, qwHHXH? (cxp. 45) H KopojR> pen: 
Tox eAex, Koro ra nenaBHsy h hc Mory aecei CbixH noKyji ne bko- 
poqy sbiBOxa ero. Pen naxojiOKT>: nane, ivxnycxH mh, xo mh ca ne 
BHAHx Ao6pe, 60 KOjra uihi ecrb yxBOCM-b AOMy, Moacem ero yApy-. 
rra ooraHi>6HXH a B^binnxH na cbok) bojik), a xHxpo ca eMy ne mo- 
ffiemi noMCXHXH, a ccjih xh BHHeH, ne BAaaan ca na xaKOByio npbi- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




CTOPIU^ POMAHA H nOBliCTB. 



51 



iftw« 



M^Ba 3^ Biepbi/KeM^} El cKo^bu wahh k 

pbm^p^CTBO, E BAapMJIH CA TEK MOUHO 

I na 3eMjiK>, h no^aia ca mcsw py6aTB no 
^Ga flc 3BbiiuaTb i^uahh aaA Apyrmrb, rajKii 

lAIO^bl CA, B H MajTOtf 4>l3JIff i.v6a paHEIH CA H 
II U'T MOI^Hbllh BAapOBl), n a6aABa BHHMaJH 

>\o iipMUMCTb raedy haQo cuepTb^ h uuSeMa 
ibtHyTP. Bjcpbiffi (.urcTynHJ iioioatHJ lAbix 
iuwyj-b^ no^aj^ ahbhth ca h peKx: He ecT 
I JOT 3 *^l0KBe; a Tpumafl lawiKe uiao^HBaji. 
iJiipy, U 3BaK) QJTO TbJ nepBbiH ujt AodpbU'B 
lis T.\j LIOBeAaB MH HMA CBOC. lie TOBOpy TI AJUk 

mio uaiipGA AaJ, Jien aGux B-t^ajx Koro ecMH 
.10 MCHC AoCbiJi^. H Tpbimaui. pew: Kojh «o- 

^ .HA 5I0€, IJ eCBJH TpbimUH H3b (3j!BUJfiOCa, CbIHT> 

yiua* KOpIh ISiepbiiK to ^yj^, peni,: Bo HBiiA 6oae 
1^ ydifi CA He xosy, 60 ecMH cjbiiijajn> u To6i MHOro 
r.i c^A To6'Ii Aaio; M'feB Tyw 6HTBy 3a AoCtiTyH). H noAaj 
%>K Tpbiman; W uaae, toio oo^ctchp bg aacjysbui 
! L> GCMH roAeB, 60 Taiwi^o n Mut ecT uoipeCa lunoHbi- 
iB xo^ein acTaBHTB CHTby, rj pa^, ^^ Maem lUTAaTH 
lauiOp 60 BB AJA "^oro bbofo ue cxajii ocjh uAno ajia Hee. H 
Riicpbj;it: IlaHe. ue Mory roro BqbJHnrB uat ibi BtA^em, HaKi» 
AoCbu €CMH cyjinuoto; aje €:cjiu Bcxo^ietii, BqbiHHMO xaK: 
Ao Ba ee BOiio, c k0m ana iJ0JH]6aT iiobth, HexaH Toro ujHa 
l^er. Pen Tpbnua}t: A^6pe. K nociaBBiti iiauHK) He»u C060H) 
peKJu €b: Taj^ 6flTBa xeOi a^a, 3jk)6b koio xoHem, oexaH 
lepcciaBtiT GBTBa. CUsa qm iioAAKOBajia h petijia raKi: TpuiiiiaHe, 
BCJiMH €CMH TcOe pQAa BHAejia (cTp, 52) H MU-ioBaja, aje kojh-c tek 
iHXHB lUTo M.\ €CH AonycTHJi !.tAHOMy pbiu^py ^y;KOMy DoeecTH 3 
ABopa TBuero aaakh, aja tofo hhkojh TeCe hc 6yAy MHiOBaTB. H 
a6ep»yBiiibi ca uoiiija k BjcpbUKy. Kojih TptimaH t06 BHAeji>, 
(JbiJi BeuiH cuyreu, ecjn Ohi cro 36hto, ne CbiJi 6bi laK CMyTeHi>, 
UTR uiH MHJiOBai'b ryK) oaHEK) CO Bcero cepua, a wt scjuiKoe ^'''- 

uifrnzeaoy Google 



52 ' A. H. BECEJOBCKitt, 

jiocTH He Mor m cjiobe opomobrth. M nomojii ao koha h npuexaj 
y ABop KopojA MapKa. 

KopoJb MapKO 6hwb cjbimaji> u;t AyApeTa mKh Tpuiaaa 
3df J Tbix AByx pbn^apoB, h Kopojb Mij BejHirb cxpax mm Tpbiii^aH 
npbiBAerb aa BejHKyio Aofipory h uigjiaKOMBBuibi ca a6bi euy me 
B3AJI seMJB. H peicb Tpun^aHy b% cjbioiaHe Bcexi jioAeH: Mubih 
MOB cecTpeHHe, r^ mhofo CJbimaji ui To6t <iOMy rzi Mory BtpbiTH; 
AJA Toro, afibix UI TOM He Mbicjnu, npoiny ta aCbic hh npHCATHyji'B, 
lOTO MB cooBeAaem'b a ne saTaBin'b oi qoM ta 6yAy nbiraTB, a To6i^ 
c Toro copoMy He SyAer. TpwmaH He xorfejfb sneBipbiTB ca tAXKy, 
B FoBopnap'b eny MOBHj'b a6bi eMy niTO Mora yrosaj bo BceM. H 
peK: riane, fotob €Cmb noBeAaTH Bce b 40m mh raHfibi ne 6yAeT. H 

peK KOpOJlb: ripblCAPHH-ffi MB. TpbimaH OpblCAPHyjl, B KopojibpeKT>: 

ripomy TA, cnoBCAaB mb Bce no paAy pbmap^CTBO tboo, mTo tb ca 
npbiroABJio ctT Toro lacy, taKT> ecHBTe6e nacaj Ha pbmapcTBO. Pein> 
Tpbin^an: UIto ecrb boja TBora, a mh* tofo ne xpyAHO. H noqai-b 
eMy ooBeAaTB no paAy h npbimoji k TOMy, ihto SbiJi BHbiHBj yB-Op- 

JICHlAdH? H TyT erO CJiyxaJIB 3 BOJBKBM AHBOM B CTOtzlJB BCB rziK 3a- 

6biB% CA, B cnoBeAajTb bmi ao Bjiepbiffia. H Kopojb b AyAperfibUH 
BCJiMfl CMyTHbi, a BHbie BCB Becejbi, b peKi> Tpbio^aH: Ilane, 6ojib- 
mea tofo ccmb hbhofo He BqbiHBJi, aje, nane, 3a6yAbTe Toe, r^i to 
MaMi> HB3a DiTO. H Kopojb peK^bi Hexor&ii 6bixi3a6biTB »caAHbiM 
al6blqaeM^, aKOJB To6t Bon>AacT, Momein^ 6biTB 6ojbmbiB pbinidp 
aa catTe, a tuT cee ^em b»o ecMB b Ao6poa aaAta n jenea bccoj 
aaacjia nepao. A naaoBe peKja: Tenep KopHOBaji ho 6oh ca AORyjib 
Tpbiiitaai> 3AopoB'b upbi aacb. H eii^e Kopoib pen (cTp. 53): Eo«e 
eMy Aaa SAopoae; a ae uifiABBjrb Kopoj[b HBKOMy caoee Mbicja, oito 
6burb aejiMB CMyxeH^ a nonajti) GotiiTB ca Tpbiu^aaa, a ae 6buo aa 
CB^TO ptHbi, ROTopyK) 6bi Boj'feji'b, TOJbKO yMopbiTB TpMii^aaa HtmiTb 
XHTpo, niToCbiCA HeAOfitAaJia. H no<iaji'b MbicjBTB r^a Cbi Morjo 6bi- 
Tfl: 6o eMy ae Mory ao bccmi yroAaTB, a ecja xu6xio, to ccmb 3SLvn6j 
a KOJBfibi ero aeCbuo aa cafixe, m 6bix bbkojib bbkofo He6oAj ca. 
H 6yAy*ibi tuH b tob neqajia npuinjia eMy aa yMi> uiAaa pe4, 
WT HOTX> 6hi Mon> aeceji 6biTa a dCbiTB Tpbin^aaa. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB^GTH. 53 

CUaHOFO aha 6hU0 BBKOJIKO 3 HHM1> ABOpEH B MOBBJID eMj: Mfl- 

jiocTBBbiH Kopojuo, ueMyApe 4biBBuii> B»( 2K0Hbi Be Macm. H Tpbi- 
maB peK*. IlaHe, bcjimb cjyuiBe mTo6bi ca tm uisceBBJi, b bca 6bi 
KopflOBaJA (SoibmeB 6bua 6bi Ba»OHa ivt ivKOJB<iflbnn> cyd&A'B. 
H KopoJb peicb: CecrpeBia mob, kojtb tw Bi>cxoHeni, ra 6yay co(5t 
MtTB 2K0By, a BBbifl MOHe Be Momer uiaeeBBTB, ivabo tu, b aa 
ToCt TO 3aje»cBT: ecjB B%cxoHeai, Tbi MOTRem BaBTB Mai Kpacsyio 
acoBy B Ao6pyio wKyio 6bix ra xorkrb. PeK TpbimaB: 6cjb to 
BB MeBe aajesKbiT, 6yAem lo niTB, xota mb aa to ropjo BrpaTBTB. 
H npocrep pyKy npoTBBi> ivAHoe AapKBB, Koropyio 6jnr8K0 BBAejii, 
B peK: TaKX mb 6or bomosb b ero Moa, r^ xony bhubbtb moh) Moq. 
KopoJb peK.' Yme turn 6bix lo Mijii b Meae, m T06i^ noBtMi Tyio, 
KOTopyK) Cbix MtTB xoTtjT>. Tbi B^KBienrby nrro mb ecB nose- 
Aaji u;ABy naBBy b ^ajBJii> ecfl ee, idto-s ee Kpace b^t pobbb Ba 
CBiTe — tba MB BexaB CyACT Hoaa, a BBarzi naAHaA Be 6yAeT, 
a TO ecT KopojieBBa opjieB^AdBCKatii KpacaaA HacoTa. H ne Mem* 
KaB, npbiBecB mb lo, a iubmh ibto To6t ffyAor noTpeCa, viKh 
ABopaa MBoro b Bcero dito bbm BBAoGerb. Kojb Tpbin^aa Toe 
cjbimaji, nosHaji^ mTO ero aaako BeaaBBABTb bid jot ero aacMopTb 
yB-0pi>jeBA3K). H anxKOiBOK Ma 6biTfl 3i> ero aeAo6pb]Mi>, wAaa- 
K0-2Ri> aa TO npbiBBOJBjTB, rziKo CA eMy tv6eaajii. M peK Kopojb: 
MBJbiB MOB cecTpefli>qd, \x)6eufiiii mb ca nonojiaBTB c opaBoro cep- 
Dia. H peKT> TpbiaiaaT*: Ilaae, xota mb yMepeTB (cTp. 54), a tw ee 
6yAem mI^tb. J/l Kopojb eMy noAAKOfiaj b poR: EyAbTe roTOBbi b 
CDpaBTO CA nopaAHO, wK-b 6bi ecTe Tyw pen noBOja noHecTae; aie 
Moe cepi^d ae ivTooHBaeTb AOKyjib ca th ae Bepaenrb a HacoTa 
6yAeTb y MoeMi> AOMy. H Tpbio^aa paA 6bi ca 6hirb wTMOBBjfb \x)t 
Toe Aoporfl, BH 3aaji mro ero nueT tbmi, ta^ CMy aaropmbie ae* 
apbiATejni ajia AMj^aTa, b KatziJii ca iv tom, ajie oiAHaK ca ae 

tliTMOBBJTb. H Bb]6paj COpOK BBBATb MOJOAblX a6bl CXaJfl C BBM, 

ivBB 6biJB BejbMB CMyTflbi, 6o ae aaAeBBJiB ca tbri m^^tb raafiy 
ndKO b flaB6ojbmbix aenpbirziTejex'b, ajie xota ae xoTOjni, Mycejni 
CA aanpaBJiATB aa Aopory. CyAHO 6bijio fotobo b tuaa CbijiB 
roTOBbi, FoBopaapb njaKajrb bcjmb b peK Tpbiiiiaay: Mosem 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



54 &. ■. Bicu«»-mi. 




asoB 
TonuKKrtJB ano pnu, ue ~ 

TO J eviX^ ■ ILH C^ TfTfW ■ jQnMJH T 

CTM ■ rmopfcuc Xu ciTpuvaani w 

cjnponnMi rtrpr^ ■ Bopipn ^akjica mi 
m we worm m, a orciu cyim ktjcu vtip« 
Eoraapoovn: Ease, aauTiCAEafiuiinnanaKptm. TpuBUOi 
TStj roipu jiab ■ iMH, a m aanpei vtrpr^ oepecnn ■ mope 
jrnxjo, ■ ufli BaiBjncA&B3K0 axnoro vtcn, coropoe anao j(o* 
MOJOT^ eraflnioe vtcro Apnynm Bc^ai a, 6o 6ujo pooeodoid ■ 
6ann bza km ropojiBi BufipiHO, a 6iiiJ0 opu aopu. H son ca 
rjr ■oasajv, Be fcuo t;ti» wofpom Apnyma, noexaxb 6hu% y 
KapibAye& a wsemoio xppnaox). H cnuran Tpumaoi* mpea- 
poB (CTp« 55): Fjit emo? H whb peui: Mu ecHO y Bejnoisesjra. 
Pes TpMpafl: Bme ne (Jono ca h b3juudio «ajT 6orfr, mro ecvo 
na Kpai, ■ anen co6e lyr doeoi ■ B^acTBOCTi», «ajeva Bora, 
mro iiacb aAopoBun npEiaecB iia spaa. H xaRi equHUV, poc- 
0AJB mecT maTpon* aejinx a Bbmecn nturu b 36pofl b BUBeiB 

KOBB B CTOMJB BB TOM MeCTIQr B-blTpe B J BeceJblO. H B TOT ^IBC 

sfciexajB xaa pbnopu exAqaiuxb, icoropue 6biib 3bajb ca bb ao- 
poae Be zmioHM ajurai Apyroro, a 3 bbmb no nazojucy, a BMeaa 
u/AHOny TAmflp, 6parb Abi^motob, a Apyroiiy«MapraHopi>; YAmop 
6wtb nocraBjeBb aeABBBO pui^poirb rsfKoCbi mrbipB HeAejB, aje 
ae Menmaxb y ABope BBTbiAUA, noexaj 4K)pTyBb] bckbth, b ctbjo ca 
eny MBoro AO0pa b» uib 6bixb u;t Aofipux R0Jbi^0Bi> b boimb bu- 
coKaro cepmt. A Mapranop 6hu crapimbiirb sir a bbkojb ho 
6bLi 30HT, aje He 6b] Ji tbhopo cepua mKb Hlmop'b. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 55 

Kojii wm npbiexajni 6jni»6H Kb maTpoM h BBBAejn muTbi h 
reiBMbi, H peKjra: To cyr eacA^ajbie j)biu9piii, cto»t b xojoAe^ a 
mbiTbi noKJiajH uiSbiqaeifb jiOHT>ApenicKHBii>, Koropbie KOJbseK eAyr 
MVMO aCbi CA 3 BBMH KODiTOBajiH. H XTO 6bi Hx MHoyji He no- 
KycHBmbi CA, TO 6hi euy copoMi. Peieb Mapraeop: Mbi MaeM KOJb- 
6y, aTbie Hac acAyr a6o HHbix, ajie ecjracA ee 6yAeii c rhmi kojioth, 
TO ecMO B copoMe. H peK Hmflp: Hy-aci bo hmh 6ome\ H nanpa* 
BHJH CA tziKi noTpe6a. A c Tpb]ii;aHOMi> 6bu u^ahh pbii^p, idto 
BeAaj u)6biHaH totb, 6o esAH^fb no KopojiA ApTHyma aeMJi, peicb: 
Tpbiman, BHAHm Tbie ABa pbmapbiroTyioTb ca Hicb K0Jib6e, nrro ne 
MoryT npoHTH ne GiBnibi c^, BBAO^ibi naniB n^biTbi nepeA maTpbi. 
PeiTB Tpbin^an: TaK jh cct oj^biqaH hx^? We peirb: Tbk. PeKJi 
TpbinviH'b: BjiarocJOBeHH Tbie, KOTopbie tot iffibniaH nocTanoBUBl 
H Mbi Toro ne iDnycKaHMO, AaHTe mh d6poio. HpeKJiHApyrBe: HoMy? 
PeK TpbiniaHi: BHARTe-jb Tbixi AByx pbniapoB, niTo xoqyT Garn 
CA 3HaMH? H wm peRiH: A kojh Mbi ne xo^eM? Pcki TpbuqaHi: 
Koji Mbi CA MacM CorztTH (cTp. 56) Tbix AByx puqapoB, TOPAbi ne 
vusMCM'b HaeoTbi b3 (A}pjeHA3H, PAe nnairb ee ne AoCyAeM. 

(BHTBa Tpbin^anoBa 3 MappanopoMi) H kojb fibijfb wnpa- 
BjeHi>, Bct^'b Ha KOHb H ivTexaj Majio a>T marpoB. PeK Mappanop'b: 
Pbii^p ecTb roTOB, ecjH xo<ieui eAbMO k noMy. I^ni.opi», Cyjiyqbi 
MOJiOAuibiH, He xor&jTb nepeA hhm nonepeAHTH, h cdh'b exaji h BAa- 
pbij Tpbiinana b uimt bojimh mouho. GyjBi^a nomia CMy na TpicKH, 
a TpbiuiaH CA hh Majio He pymbiJi h BAapbu Mappanopa BejMH 
MouHo, H tuH usLM-h Ha wAHy CTopoHy^ a KOHb na ApypyK), hh»lih 
He paneni, h bojimh ca 36hj oit naACHbtzi. 

(BHTBa Tpbin^anoBa 3% I^mopOM) Tpbin^aHi 36hj u^ahopo 
B exaji Ki> ApypoMy, h Hmfi^ Kb neuy e BAapburb TpbinviHa, a»c 
CA CMy cyjHi^a na TpecRH cnaAaja. A ivt topo BAapy npo6Hjrb CMy 
mbiTb H 36poK) H paHBJi epo B jtBbiH 6oKb HCMHOPO, a Tpbin^aH 
epo BAapbm tbk mohho, am Hmflp na seMJiK) naji, h BHAe^bi ca 
cKOJOTb^ CKO'ibU'b H B3AJ MeTb H peK*b: Pbniapy, uohcthj ca ecH 
cyjEuoK), 6h ca eme mchom AOKOje Ao6yAeTb u^ahh Apypopo. PeK 
Tpbin^an: m topo He xo^y^ bs mh hh a mTO ne HAeTb, a kojojh ca 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



56 A. H. BECBJIOBCKli, 

ecMO jUA aCbraara, a 6sti ca m xo<iy. PeRi> Mmop: IIo^Anifo ca 
HeMHoro. Tpbimae parB*. He xoqy. I3Qiopi> 6uji> bcxmb cayreH, 
peK: Tax n 6orb noffosv^ rro eci, mro rairb 6onir& ca Me^Boro 
yxs^py? P^K TpbimaHi>: ta ecMi c KopHOBaji. Mmopx pex: %i 
BjacTHUH ea pbii^prb KopoiA Mapica? Pen Tpi>nimffi»: GcTdm m bci 
TbK, Koropbix 6aibiiin>. TAujfyp peRi: Bi sjbiiqac Bbi upmunfccre 
B CKMO 3611110, Ron ta 3raH6eHi>. Pein> Tpumaei: J^a «ioro? UJh 
peBi>: XTOKOJueiTb iHnyer, nrro ra 3(k)AeHi» aT Te6e, saxMhsm ha 
fiyjier vfem sa xyAoro pbmapa, h H^roxeH ecm apyxA Hocnv. 
H aTKiBjJi aT ce6e mjbvrh H ireTb h nonaxB n JUiRa-ni ■ Kjecn 
ce6e. PeK TpbiotaH: LDto to qbrann, nponiy Te6e? Tlmop perb: 
Hexo^rjr Toro Boam apyxA, a hi exan ea tom rohv, usl mro- 
pon ecm TaKOBjio raH6y npbiHAj ar cvahopo pbiuapa, 6bi mm ntioy 
novTV. (crp. 57) H nycru koha y noje. H tomv ca Tpbmiaa sa- 
CHeAJi ipeKiPbDppy, oc^m net ecrb nycnriTA irfema, kojb ee 
xo*ieni Toro koha h 3(^1, asMK voio sCpoio h KOHb. PeEi» Mniq): 
He JI3V Toro 6orb, to (!bix eo^e ropei 3raH6eH, 6bix ca u^Jojori 
Kh 36poio RopHoeajbCKyM). H nomoxb nenrb, acraBUb Toro koba 
■ 36poio Ha non, a e hem noexaj Mapranop BejMi aouocreH. 
Tpunvm BepflyjTb ca ao ipysbmbi ■ noBe^aj Hirb HmopoBU 
pe«ibi H nouJH AKBiTH CA. S Ha aaBTpei croequ uhi tbh, yapeji 
cyxHO aejiKO HAerb k nnrb ^o npucraHima. UJhh upbicrajv, a b 
TOirb cyjiHe 6bLrb cairb Kopojb .1eHBH3i> apjeajUKKa. H opu- 
crajH ujiajeH cyjina n crpejbftniia h Bbmuv Ha spam, ■ nocra- 
BUS niareprb, BbiBejn kohb, ■ Kopoib yctjTb Ha KOHb ■ noexaa Ri 
TpbimaHOBbOf rnaTpcm. H Rojn 6bu y maTpoB, cnbrnu: U>TByjb 
ecT Tacj iq>yxbiHa? CUhb peui: He KopHOBan. PeKi> Ropojb: 
Karopau norpefia sac CK>jut aaraaja? UJhi peRJon 3Ja vommbb. 
Kopoib CHbirarb: 6cTb a Tyr TpbimaHi.? UJhh pesji: Ecr, uho 
amavjBaeTb y maTpe. Aje bu uTKyiA, mro nbrraere Tpumua? 
Kopoib peK: ei ecm ajdn phin^^ n UJpjeHj^, Bejm cem eer 
pan Buen. HaAeBan ca wm an Cyjierb paj( BiAerv ca comon. 
H um pesn: oRi Tofie ccTb iha, 6birbM0 cay yvLn ooBeiini? 
W)h pes: Hma woe ecr .f eHBB3i, noBeAame csiy. Kojb nyj Tpw- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPII, POMAHA H nOB*CTH. 57 

man MenyioHBi JleHBvaa, ivhi» CKOibu HpeK: FAeecrB? U)hh peKjra: 
TaMi> TA mjken. U)hi> noffloj'b 6opi>3AO h BHAejii> KopojA'^epeA 
inaTpoMi> H &krb k neMy aaiHB Becaio, h AD6jiainiJH ca BewH 
MHJO V DbirajH CA, rziK^ CA KOMy npbiroAHJio cut tofo qacy kojh ca 
pasjyqbiJH. PeK'b Kopojib: BejMH ccmh Becej, mro ccmh Te6e na- 
moxb. ; PeKT> Tpbiman: IlaHe, a wKaA Mene ecT toC* noTpefia? w 
ecMH MHoro kkx'b noHecHOCTH y TBOCM'b ABopa, a to HeAaBoo H36a- 
BHJ MA ccv CMepTH, a rzi To6i ui6eaajrb mro Herb p'lHbi na CBtre, 
Horo 6bix AJiA T66e He BqbiHHjrb, aAHO 6bi 6e3 Moee raeCbi. Pck 
Ropojb: BejiHKa lacKa, noBtM th, a*ia hofo ccmh npbiexajTb ryrb 
y KpojeBCTBO JtoHApemcKoe. Bujih ya-OpjeHAdH nocje Te6e nacrbie 
TypeaH, (cTp. 58) ea KoropbiH npbienAiajH mhofo Ao6pbix pbiaapoB 
H3 JIoHApema, h3 Fajiiyma h yvt mhix-b CTopoHi>, h 6buo HeRO- 
JHKO xypoaeBi noA ^^HbiMi> ropoAOM'b, rAe tu 36hji» IlaJiaiiHAeHa. 
H npbiexajH HOTbipe puippbi yposenbie a KpcBHbie Kopoin Baaa 
fiaHOi^Koro, H Tbie Ao6biJH Torb TypeaH, h npocHJX cchh hxt* a6bi 
CTO»JH y Moewb AOHy, H OHH npbiexajiH, h EHbixi AOCbiT y tot 
ropoA, y KOTopoMi Tbi cTordj. ByAyibi kjuehl TaMi, Hamio ca no 
rpexoM, Horo-ai « ne cBtAOM^, hhc uiahht* 3 hex y6erb y mocmi 
AOMy, ^oro 3aTaBTb oe Hory. Aore to 6orb ai, hhct> ecMH b Tonrb 
HeBHHeH. H ;KajiOBaj'b ccmh tofo BejMH, Tairb mh 6or noM03H, 

BOJeJTb 6bIX yTpaTHTB IVAHH A06pblH 3aM0K, HV»CJH 6hl CA TOC 3J0e 

y MOCM AOMy CTajo. H BHAeBmbi to Tbie Tpu pbiqapbi, KOTopbie 
6bijni 3 HHM, rHCBajH ca na Mene Aa ne MorjH mh hh^ofo yibi- 
HBTH y MocM AOMy, H {vfiflwb 3 BBxi), BMBHeM BjaHop, peKi: Ko- 
pojK) .(IeHBH3e, Mbi ecMo npbiexajni y tboh aomi daaHbie rziKo ki> 
npbirziTejio, a Tbi naM ynbiHEj rdK nenpbiATejb, 3a6HJi ecH namoro 
6paTa y cbocm AOMy 3paAHe. Tyrb c T06010 ne MoaccM enoro 
no^aTH, aje ca pocnpaBHm co mhok) na ABope KopojiA ApTHyma 
6HTB010. H TO peKinbi noexaji, TaKHce h ApyrHc pbiuapbi, ko- 
Topbie TaM 6biJH, roBopbiJH, 60 bchmi tofo 6buo TRSJh. H ne- 
AaBHO MH npbiHecjH jHCTbi tvT KopojiA ApTHyma, no3biBaH)qbi mohb 
H Aaioqbi poK, a6bix CTaxb nepoA hhmh 6hth ca h wtbccth ca 
HenpaBAe, KOTopyio Bjanop na Mene nojoaeuj a^a cMepTH CBoero 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



n 



58 A. H. BECEJOBCKitt, 

KpeBHoro. A Aaer hh stAaTH, ecjH 6bix He crai, to mrm snrayTB 
raKO 3pawa; Ha KOTopwH no30BT> Mymy cteth, 6o ecx Kopojb Ap- 
THymi TaK cueHi>, hh ifo»eTb ma 3ry6HTH, a bo bchx mohx 

JiOJieX HtTB HOJOBtKa, ROTOpblH 6bl MOFb 6hTH CA 31* BjiaHOpOBTb, 

a HH CA can TaKOB Hyio, 6bix CA Morb a)T ero noTBapbi uoBecTH, 

BH WAHH UIHT> aiT AOfipblX pbmapOB, KOTOpblC CJblByT HO CB*Ty. 

^JA Toro ecMH y BejHKOH ne^ajH h ho BtBTb, mro 6bix yqbiHHXB. 
Aie 3a MOH) Ao6poT, KOTopyio ecH Bfiji y MoeMi> AOMy, CMtio ta 
npocHTH, a6bi ecH 3a Mene 3 Ejanopoirb 6hji> ca, h HaAtio ca 
na TBOK) jacRy. (cTp. 59) Kojih Tpbiu^aH to Bbicjyxaj, 6bu BeJMH 
Beceji H peK cairb k co6t: Vme-mrb 6yAy m^th II»coTy, no mro 
ecMH npbimoji; h uiTKa3aji'b euy: Xlane, Tbi aja Mene mbofo 
qbiHHJi, a rzi fotob aja Te6e HbiHHTH. Aie yifOBMO ca: Kojh 
AacT 6orb xoe cnpaBJio, Aan mh wmwb Aap, KOToporo 6yAy y 
Te6e opocHTH. Kopoib cMy BejNH paAi) a6eaajrb, h PoBopnap h 
BCH nanoBe KopHOBaibCKHe h lupjeHAaHCKHC no^ajH mobhth, a6bi 
qyjH oifie cTopoHe, KOTopwe Tyrb ctoajh: Tpun^aH ecrb totob 
6hth ca 3 BjanopoM 3a npaBAy. A Kopojb CMy uifieqaji Aap, ko- 
Toporo fiyAGT Tpbiu^aHi) npocHTH, kojih Tyro pe^ cnojiHHTb. H 
peKJH: TaiTb jni ecrb? Pen Kopojb: Tain>; h TpbiiiiaH*b: Taiet 
ecrb. H TyT yAapbijnr y CyCHbi h y TpyCw TpyCHTH c o6y cto- 
poH, H 6buo BejiHKoe Beceibc, hhci lupjieuAdeHe 3HajH Tpbuaana 
BejMH Ao6poro pbiqdpa h peKjra: Yace-acb Ejanop 36Hrb kojh Ha 
Tyro noTpe6y SHanuni Tpbio^aHa. A KopHOBajtene mobhjh: A Mbi 
Maeifb TO, niTO xo^eirb. Tpbin^aH peKi TbiM h Apyrnirb: Ecjni 
MA MHjycTe, He noneAaHTe ma a hh u»TKyjib ccmh fzi, a hh ui tom, 
mTO MaM Tyro CHTsy npbiHATH. U)hh peKjra: Dane, 6yAb na TBoro 
BOJrro. H 3jy«ibijiH ca bm^cto apjeHAacHe c KopnoBaieHbi. H npbi 
TOM BecejibH npbiexajia y maTep ivAHa A'i^BKa Hoceqbi uiahh n^brr 
xopombiH, a 6bij 6e3 hhofo Cejera, ne ran, rziKi> HHbie ii](biTbr. 
na HeM 6bua HanHcana ivAna nann, h wahh pbioap aajonaji nannro, 
a mbiTb 6bu pocin^eojeH nocepeAHne, h He Morjraero HHrziR'b cthc- 
HyTH, a uiH u^biT pocH^eojeH OhWb uemhi ycTbi BHTe3eBbiMH h na- 
nee. Tpbin^aHi h HHbie no^ajiH ahbhth ca h obiTaTH a'I^bkh: (Ut- 

uigitizea Dy VaOOQlC 



no HCTOPIH, POMIHA B nOBftCTH. 59 

Ryjb ecB Tbi? M ivHa peK^a: YA ecMB rocx c nyacoro naHCxea, a 
nocjiaea ecMH wt wjmoe naneH ao Apyroe Goimoe. PeK TpuiqaH: 
npomy DOBeAaH mh, ccjra paHbinn>, qoMy tott> ihbit pomemj ca? 
Hbi MOHer CA CTHCHjTH KOTopbiM u)6biHa€MX? PeKja A^BRa: A 
XTO €CH raro ma nbiTaemx? Pen TpbimaHi> (cTp. 60): M ecm 
rocT c Hyacoe CTopoHw. PeRia A^BKa: 6cjh xoiem HemTO BeAam 
ivT Mene, noBeAaHMH hma CBoe. (Uh peui: Hha mh ecrb Tpbin^aH, 
cecTpenea KopoiA Mapua KopHOBSJicKoro. CUaa peiaa: Ilaee, oibi- 
majia ecMH Bmoro Ao6poro tu Toet \.dt MHorHxi> jioAeH, aja tofo 
TH noBiMi>. YceH 3eMjni uiahh BHresb xaitb BejniKira, hs naAi* eero 

HE 6JH3K0 HH A^eKO H^Tb, a HHjyeT UlAHy naHHH) BeiMB BblCOKy 

y ceH 3eMjra, TaK lo BopaHMe MHjyeTb, jientH HHsun caM ce6e, a 
naHH ero TaK»ce, aje en^e ca He no3HajH Teiecne, vjuaho ca njano- 
B&iH. Ha uiHoe mhjocth tot uibii yqbineH'b ecT, rdKi) ero bhahid, 
H He MO«eT CA aeaAHbiM wSbinaeM 3i>CTyoHTH^ AOKyj ca oihh sjy* 
qaTb h 6yAyT m^th cbow Mbicjib h AoCpyio bo iio; tofam ca tot n^birb 
sxcTynHT. PeK Tpbiii;aHi»: XIoBeAan mh, a'I^bko, hma tofo pbiaa- 
pa. Ona peKJia: Toro th ne noatMi hh rziKOJRd. PeKi TpbinviH: 
^tBKO. ecT-jH KopojE ApTHyiD'b y A^MOJiOTe? (Wna peKia: Herb, 
aie ecTb y KapAyejra, a atcTaBHJi KopojA KapAOca h KopoiA h3 
[C]roi?3H CMOTpeTH Toe 6HTBb!y KOTopaA MaeT 6biTH KopojiH) u;p- 
jeHAancKOMy 3 BjanopoM. Y ABope Tenep MHoroAoCpbix pbii^apoB 
HjeMeHH KopojiA Sana 6aHOUKoro, KOTopbie npbiexajra hma Toe 
6HTBbi. Tpbin^aH peKi: I^kob toti> BHTeBb c khm ca Kopojrio 6hth? 
PeKia A'ikBKa: Bojmh BHrexccTBa Ao6poro. 3a TbiM ACBKa noexaja 
Ao KapAyejA, 60 TaM naAesaja ca BHaHTH Koro HCfcajia; a TaA 
AtBKa 6bua tuAHoe naneH 3 JIokbo, KOTopaA 6bija BejHKaA sejien- 
HHi^a, HapoBHHiut 6ojmeH hhscjh HHbie B^AbMbi, a tofo 6bua. naB^bua 
CA wt MepjiHHa npopoKa, KOTopbiH mhofo 3Haj u; npbiHAy^bix pe- 
qax, aje ca b tomi> He Bufki'h MyApo BaxoaaTH, a6bi cfo ne bmo- 

pbUa TBA, KOTOpyH) MHJIOBaJX 30 BCCFO Cepi^a, H BB^pblXb CA CH 

BCCFO, a u^na cfo BMopbua pynaMH cfo acbiaoT, aaxBopbua y Fpo6e 
ooAi) BCMjeio, Ba^apoBaBmbi Tani), wr wwb ne 6bu (crp. 61) co- 
60K) BOjen. A wT TOFO bcjihko ca 3J0 CTaJo, mTO TanaA MyApocT 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



60 A. H. BECEJOBCRlft, 

naM nepeA uiHyio Hcony. n Tarzi nann 3 JIokbc, iv KOTopoH Bairb 
noBeAaiTB, seAaja bch ptqbi, KOTopbie 6biJH iiesKbi KopojOBOio Be- 
jiBBepoH) B ABi](ajoTOM, infla xoTtjia BGAaTB Bxi ciipaBy, aia toto 
nocjifijaKopojeBOB Tyio A'I^bkj b ii^biT b nopyHbua em TaKse p'fe^bi, 
a6bi KOpojeBaA aaaja, mro Torb u^bir, b rjieAtja Ha nero b A'i^BRy 
T3-3K aaAepsajia b ceCe, bokb ca xyr aiynbixb 3 OHa&xoTOin>, xo- 
Te'fti BBAexB, HM cxynBT ca TorAM mbiTb BMtcTO. To tucraBMO. 
A lUHi^ajiOT B Torb qacb 6bixb b npbiHHbina FajrauiTa, KoropbiH 
BejMB MBjoBaji AeaoJiOTa, BOJitjib 6bi BMeperB, hbscjb 6bi se ir§T0 
ero Bi> TOBapbimcTBe. A ecjiB 6bi Ahi^ojiot BMep, i\)Wh a bcb pbi- 
napbi CBjrao 6bi ero HcaiOBaaB, 6o He 6bijio xaK cbjhoo pyKB b trk 
BbicoKoro cepaa. 

Tpbin^aH iDHAT nomoj ao KopoiA b noBCAaji euy Bce, niTo nys 
u)T A6BKB, B yx) Eianope, wKh npbiexaji y ABopii KopoiA AprBymoB, 
H rziKi Kopojb ApTBynrb vvcraBHjrb ABa KopojiB CMOTpeTB 6biTBbi. 
Tpe6a ce BaM nocnembiTB, peK Kopojb: raK HaMi> 6or oomosb b Aas 
DOHCxeHe, tnKb ccMB npaBi>. FoBopeHbi whh xaK-b, a^R vvhatb eAerb 
AeBKa Hjra^iyqbi; Tpbiman CTajrb rziKi 3a6biB ca h ivcTaBBj KopojiA 
B moxb 6op'b3Ao iTbAeBi^a Bpeirb: IIItoca To6ecTajo? (UnapeRia: 
nane, n^birb, KoropbiB ecMB HOCBja, tviHAJ-b mb ero u)ahh BBresb; 
t^ ecMB samfija b He BiM, niTO qbiBBTB, h Haio ma ne bCbh*, uito 
ecMB He xortja ii](biTa AaxB. Tenep ca He CMtio BepnyTB hh na ne- 
peA uoHTB KyAbi-Mi» nua. Tpbiii;aH 6biji 3Joe Bojra b peKi): Illibirb 
Moace 6biTB y xefie; noBeAaB hb, KyAw noexai? (Wna peKJia: IIpo- 
CTOK) AoporoK). H Tpbiman ca yCpaxb y 36poK) 6op3AO b noexalsa 
flBMi, a c HBMi u)AHH naxojoiTb, B 6op3AO ero aopobbji. H CTburb 
BBTe3eii 6biJB ABa naKOJiKB; kojh ero bbaoji Tpbimanx, KjraRnyjrb 
BBTesH): BepHB mbirb A^Bua (crp. 62), a6o ca Bapya Mene. 

(EBTBa Tpbin^aHOBa 3X EpeycoM) H ivh 3a6oj k HeMy. b 
BAapbu ero Bceio ifoiiioB3JOMajii> cyjBiiy, a Tpbin^aH ero BAapbiJn, 
am cyjBaa npomja njieno npaBoe, a wvh nai na 3eMjno. A kojb Tpbi- 
niaHi> BbiHAJi cy JBiQT, b uihi* com Jitjrb kvt 6oj[ecTH; Tpbin^aHi, xo- 
Te^bi BiAaTB XTO ecr ujh, s'bcei'h c koha h CHAjrb OMy rejMi» 3 ro- 
jOBbi B peiTb eMy: Tbi ecH MepTBi>, ecjB ca ho uifiei^aeni, iuto th 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HGTOPIH, POBIAHA H DOB^CTH. 61 

BejK)! H tuH BHAej rojiOBy cbok) rojy h Mtjrb crpax CMepTHbii i 
BbiHAJTB uen CBOi H DOAaj Tpbiii^tHy H tuGei^u eiiy yquHHTH dito 
BCjniTb. PeK TpbiioaHrBcAAbua KOHby aeAb 3a mhoio Bseuiiibi n^biT. 
H uiH Bcej'b H noexaj; h koih 6bUH Cjhbko oiaTpoB, oihi Bep- 
Hyj mfiiT AeBip, pen: Fotob ecMH vjunpaBHTH, mxo To6i «aji. 
Peiua AOBKa: He xo^y u't Te6e 6ojmeH, tojko I^blTa. Tpbin^aH 
peKi: ^10 ecH Tbi? (Uhi> pen: Bpeycb. PeK Tpbin^aa: Hbi no mh- 
jiocTH ecTb Bpeycb? Whi peKi: Taicb ma jidah soByr. Pok Tpw- 
n^an: H cibimaji tuT jioAea roBopenu bjio vu To6t, aie koih 6bix 
TA TaK3> ue nycTHXb, tzi 6bix'b MCTHjrb na To6t 3a tboh> 3J0Ct k 
3paAy. Aie hah ci> uokosm. A A'i^BKa noAAKOBaja TpbinviHy BejiMH 
yBiHJiHo H noexaia CBoeio Aoporoio. Tpbiii^au'b npbiexaxb ao KopoiA, 
H Kopojb pen Tpbia^any: 6amo xaM, rxk Haci> mjayrb. PeKi> Tpu- 
n^an: ByAb TaK'b; h napaAHBuibi ca uoqecTHe noexaiH nnpbiexajH 
B jifiLM2LioT H exaiH MHMO KopojeBCKHH ABop, a nepoA ABOpOlTB CCAtjO 
jiioAeH Aofipbix AOCbiT. Tpbin^an exai hsi cbo€H) Apy^bmoio roc- 
noA^CKHifb vu6biqaein>y a exaii b rejMy, 6o ne xot&a a6bi ero 
no3HajH, uiAHH BHTeBb Heci> cyjraoy, a Apyrnn eMy uecb ^biT. 
A TorAbi 6bUH y ABope bch Ao6pbie bhtobh Kpenubie KopojA Bana 
6aHOiiKoro, h 6bUH lUHbie ABa KopojH, Koropbix wcraBHJ Kopoj 
ApTHymi BHAexH Tyio 6HTBy. Kojra vjuHbie ujoma bhaojh KopojA 
iDpjeHAeHCKoro, niTO upbimojn napaAuo uitbocth ca wt spaAu, ko- 
TopyK) Ha Hero Bjanop 3JoaibiJ, h BHAejH, niTO ecrb roroB lonaK 
h napaAeH, nbiTajH ca ui ueM h He mopjih AOBtAara ca. 

Kopojb JIeHBH3i> npbimoj Kb luHbiMi AByM KopojeM H pen: Ila- 
hobc, ra totobti ui xyio npaBAy ^.i^xspaAbi, KOxopaA HaneHe (cxp. 63) 
nojomona uix Apyroro, iuxbccxh ca. M npbicxynHBuibi njieMA ko- 
pojA Bana; peKJia: Tan th xohom yKasaxH, rziKi ecH ynopbU'b na* 
moro njCMeH'bHHKa spaAHC y cboom ABope. PeK Bianop: KoxopbiH 
ecx cDAHH 3 HHxii HaHjenmbiH pbiaep? m xh xo^y mchom yKasaxH, 
€CJH 6orbMH Aacx. H nojioacbU'b pyKaBHi^y na BHaKi^ 6HXBbi. Tpbi- 
ni^aH npbicxynHj hki> KopojicMi AByM h pcKi: IlanoBe, m wTSBHeno 
KopojA ujpjeHAaHCKoro, h« kjub y xoh cMepxH HeBHUeHl, KOXOpblH 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



63 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

y6BTi> y ero AOMy. H b3aji pyKasHi^. PeiuH Kopojra: £ATe*« 6es 
MemicaHbrzi h Koaeui Tbixi> ptnen. 

BjiaHOp moxb yCpara ca h y6paji> ca y HaH6oju>myK> 36poio, h 
u^rjieAOBajra ero, h AaJiH eMy BejHKoro koha h Ao6poro, KoropbiH 
6bu iipuHi>Hbina FajratuTa KopaiA, Bjepbi» eMy m^hn noHecB, a 
Apymn bhtcs cyJlH^y. 

VL exajiH nepeA ropoA'b 3 BejiHKOio Apy^^iHOio, a He Sbu'b 
HHXTO 3 HHrb y 36poH, TOJHCO EjaHopi>. A KoiH 6bim Ha nojv, 
RopoA JIeHBH3 BbiBei TpbiiAaHa h peK njaqyqbi: Ilpomy ta ajia 
Bora 9 Hti CA caMi> k coCt h ho JteKan ca. For Tpuni.aH'b: Ecjoi 
6or noxoier^ ROTopuH H^biBOT y npaBAe, tzi Te6e xony xenep H36a- 
BHTH wT BjaHopa. H B3AJI Hi.birb H cyjHi^ H CTajii Ha nojra 
xpa6po. PeKii Bjepbmi> BjaHopy: (A)ho pbu^pi c bhm th ca 
fiHTBy ajie 3uaT no Heu'b, nac Ao6pbiH no ceAenbio h Ha HomeHbio 
opy»t4v. IIoMbicjb Ha to, mxo hh tuAHU'b bhtcb 3 namoro poAy He 
6biji TaKHH 3JbiB, Tfifk 6bi RCTH HO Ao6bij, H Haifb AaJ 6orb Tyio 
jacKy CBOH), a xenep Bapyn ca, aGbixMO ne 6biJH to6oio hohh- 
2K0Hbi. U)h peKi>: BpaTO, ne uitwh ca. 

(BHTBa Tpbiu^anoBa 3 EjiaHopoHi>) H TaKi exaiH na noje; 
KOJH CA ui6a BHABiH Ha HOffl, H nycTHJH CA uiABH Ki> ApyroMy H 
BAapbUH CA^ H ui6a nojOMajra cyjrai^bi, a najH c KOHbUH na 3eiuio, 
H u)6a CA paHHJia h po36eih. A CKO^bUH BejMH xpafipo h no^ajra ca 
pySaTH no rejbMax bbjmb moi^ho, ho ycTynaA wahh ApyroMy; h 

KOTOpbie npbl TOM 6bUII, BCH ca AHBOBaJH, UITO IDHH HbUIBJH. Kop* 

Aocb Kopojb peK*. MHJbiH 6oH£e^ BCjniKo 6bi bjlo ecjm 6bi Tue ABa 
najH, rd BBHy Em wBbie jierKBe h MOUHbie. A BHTeaH ca py6ajH 
663 npecTaHbr;^, h b MaiOM qacy na hhx7> (crp. 64) 36poH uicja^ 
6ejiH H B n(biTOBi> 6euAH vuTnaAajR, h paHHJH ca na mhopo Mtcr. 
U AHBHJTb ca TpbiniiaHi> BoraHopy a Bjianop xa-as. PeKi>: Cero 
Hyj» HH HOJOBtK'b HO BHAaji'b; H KX}6si 6omM CA CMcpTH, a6o raH- 
6bi. TpbinvtH no3Haji'b Bjianopa, 4to cct Ao6pbiH BHTe3, r;dKoro ne 

BBA^JTb y CBOH AHH, H fiaHbUfb UITO CA CHJHT 3% CBOCH MOI^U a Ha- 

nepcA He Maerb b hom TpbiBaTH, h no^iai Tpbin^an eMy 6paTH noje, 
H TyT 6bua 6HTBa caibaa, h bch roBopbUH: Tbie BHTe3H ujt ao6- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



DO HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 63 

pbixi BHTe3eH. BjiepbUR pcK CBoes 6paTbH: r^ BHsy, idto toti 
BHTesb He maerb pobhh Ha CBere, h Aai^oibrb He ecr TaRorb, 
» 3Haio no BAapaxi, h BHAsre Bjanopa hs whi He CyAex uo^hl 

CrpblBaTH AO KOHI^^. 

Kopojb uipjieuAecKHH, BHAeqbi xpa6pocrb BjianopoBy, hh ca 
Aep'bHbTTb npoTHB'b Tpbi^any, uti-b BejniKHH crpaxb. H pyfiaio^ibi 
CA u'HH, u)Cja6ejiH hmi BAapabi. TpbUAaHi> pen: rzi xo^y BHAeTH ao- 
Kyjb Tbi iiOHeu]i> crepnerH. H 6bua HM'b noxpeCa u^nouiHyra; 
BiaHop He HOPb 6ojnieH h nojosbu mhivb h Bitqi> h Biaierb 
Ha seMJio, Mtjb crpax uit CMepni, a Tpbiu^an Tain>»e. Kojh no^ 
qbinyiH AoCpuH ^acb, Bianop'b, KoropbiH ca BHAeji na nonifiejni, 
MbiciBJi: 6cjH u^H ApyrHH paai He yTOMHT ca, r;^ ne Mory u^t 
Hero CTepntTH. H peKi: BHTesK), 3Haif , fflxo ecH Ha6ojbmbia BHTCd 
cero CBtxa, aia tofo »ceAaio BtAaxH hmh tboc, h aa to th ne xo^y 
HH u^AHoro Ao6pa B4biHHTH, JOR HaH6ojiboioe 3J0, ajie nexaH 6bix 
anaji u^t 4biee pyKH y^py, a6o Koro Ao6biBaio. PeKi> Tpbin^an: 
6cjH MH 3JI0 MbicjiHoi, tn 3Haiii> HO BAapqax TBoero new; fzi 
Te6e <i»aJK), aie ne MbicjiHmi> o co6e wsr m Momem hhofo ao- 
6biTH, u^AHO CMepTH. Ajc BtAaH ivT Koro yMpemi>: ra ccmh Tpu- 
maH, cecTpenea Kopoia MapKa KopnoBajbCKaro. Kojh Bjanop 
Toe 4yxb, vjwb Gbui sejuiH Becejii> h peK: r^i ecMH cjbixaj vu 
To6t BeJHKyK) cjaBy no cstxy, a ccjh ma AoSyAeoi'b, moh 6jH8KHe 
He 6yAyx m^xh copoMa^ ajie kojh nan AacTi> 6or r;^ xe6e AoCyAy^ 
BOJHKoe HcxH Ao6yMj. H BSAJi ii;bixi> H MOHi H pcKi: BaHbim'b, 
Ha XBOH) ranfiy npbimoj ecH cioAa, ccjh moa npaBHi^a 3AopoBa 
CyAexb. Tpbin^an uJXKa3ajT>: (cxp. 65) Moew ranCoio ne CyAem 
CA 4>aJHXH, xenep no3Haem c khm cch Kpy^KH AeJHJi>. H CKO^bui 
K HOMy H noiaja ca 6HXBa BejMH Moi^a, h bch no^ajH roBopbrni: 
GcjH 6bixM0 He BHAejH, xo 6bixM0 He stpbUH. H xaKi> ivhh xo- 
AHJH 6epy4bi u>AiH ApyroMy noje i pyCajH ca Bejucyio «hjk). 
Bjanop 6ojmi> ne Morb Mena noA'bHecxe; BHAeBmbi xo Tpbiman 
peK: BopoHH ca, noxpeda xh ecx, a6o MbicJb tu co6e. H uuh ne 
Morb HHRoro u)XKa3axH. BHAeji> Tpbin^an, mxo ca cxbiAHXb, yAa- 
pbu ero no rejbMy xaKi moi^o, h» ne mof na Horaxi cxoaxh, h 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



64 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

nsLA'h Ha aenuK), He pymbufb hh pyKoio uh Horoio h peKi> Tpbi- 
u^any: Cohmh mh rjasy, nponiy ta, Hexan Moeiiy copoMy 6yAeTB0- 
BOJKh. TpbiDxan to BHAeJi, mm^vjE-b ivt BejHKoro cepi^a He xoqerb 
ooAaTH CA H BOjniTb ynepeTH, hhhc mobhth: IIodHTB ecMH; a kojb 
ero nym^y a He AacTb mh Me^ia, Mora 6HTBa Maio noMO^aa, a hh ao- 
6biTa; a kojih ero yOiio, to sje y^biHw: YCHjrb TanoBa bhtosa. H 
nomoj AO RopojeBii h peKi>: IlaHOBo, Mbi ecMO ca TaK 6HJH9 idKi> 
Bbi caMH BHAejH, ajo uuAHH 3 Hacb ue xo^ier AaTH Me^a h mobhth 
He xo^e: no6HT ecMH, h BOJHXb yMepern, hhhcjh mobhth to cbohm 
esbiKOMi. A inT0-6bi TOMy sa raH6a uito eMy Ha tot qac ^opTyaa 
He nocjyau»iJia? A £cjh ca BaM bhaht, yaoa^biTe Bfnpi Me»ebi uaMH« 
a HexHH Kopoj apjOHAdHCKHH 6yAeT BOjen wt noTBapbi, a kojh 6y- 
Aer eni^e 6HTBa, MycH 6biTH eu^a ropen, to bhco xto 3 nacb MycHTb 

aCblBOT AaTH Ha TOH CHTBe. 

KopojH po3yMejiH hhc Bjianop BOJHTb yMepeTH, uhhuh to mo- 
bhth, H BHAejia TpbiiuaHOBy AofipoT, h2R ue paAi> y6HTH Bjanopa a 
Maio^bi ero no CBoen bojh h Moryqbi HaA% hhm oito xota BHbiHHTH, 

H paAHJH CA niTO-Cbl MtjH C TblM qblHHTH. A i:aK'b CA HM'b BHAeJIO 

WR 6bi nepecTaia 6HTBa, a Bjanop ne BMepii, kojh ecrbnaToTpbi- 
u^anoBa Ao6poTa h MBJOcepiAbe. H peKjra Tpbin^any: Pbii^apy, aa- 
KyeMi) TH Ha tboch abophocth, idto tuTnyiiviemii CMepTb Bianopy, 
Tbi BHe Mosem po3o6paTH ca, ccjh pa^ibim. Mm to npbraMyeM, 
Hs Kopoj u)pjeuA3HCKHH opaB lUT HORieny BjaHopoBa. Tpbiu^aH 

HMl HOAAKOBaJ'b; pOKb KOpOJb U'pjeHAdHCKHH: MomeMl JH nOHTH 

CBo6oAH^9 mKh npaBbie, uyAbi xohom? (Uhh peKJin: Mo^CTe, (CTp. 66) 
KyAbi Bama boja. Tpbiu^an yxombu Mtqi y nomBbi, a n^brr na 
nie^bi^ H HomoJTb ao koha h Bctji'b BejMH jierKO, raK0"6bi ne paneHi, 

H BCH CA AHBHJH, rzlKl MOPb Ha KOHH CeA^TH; a TpblO^aH TaKl> CKO- 

Hbia xpafipo, raK0-6bi ne yAapcHi. — BHAeibi hjcma BjianopoBO, 
lOTO Bianop nan, uijh k HOMy, BHHMaK)4bi, niTo6bi MepTBi>. A ko- 
poj JIeHBH3i> BHAej eAy<ibi Tpbin^ana; pen AByM KopoxeMi: fla- 
HOBO, nycTHTe ma 3a mohm BHTeBCM 6bi MH He yexaji, a6bix ero ho 
noTepaJi'b. PeKJH vuhh: CnoBOAaH ebmb hma Toro BHTeBA, a hotom 
noeAeffli> 3 SoroMi. Vewb ivh: He Mory BaM cno^AaTH 6e3 XHSbi^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H flOMCTH. 65 

60 xoqy exaxH, a6bix ero He noTepajrt: to ecxb Tpbiii^aH, cecrpe- 
Hepi KopojiA MapKa KopHOBajbCRorOi Bfrresb 6oihmhm ea CBere. 
To peKmbi, Bcejii Ha KOHb h npbi6ojrb 3aHHBi6op3AOH3CBOHMH abo* 
peHbi. A 6biJio flepBOH cjn^imaHO TpbiiAaHOBopbiAdpeTBoy jioHApem- 
CKOM KpojieBCTBO y KpoaA ApTHymoBOMii ABope. H Kojni noBeAajra 
KopojiK) ApTHymy tziK Tpbin^aH tuTnycTHj CMepib Bianopy 36HBnibi 
cro, a tuffb He xoreji CMy AaxH Men, peK Kopojib: To cct HaH6oji'b- 
maA pbiitapcKaA niTyKa, Horo ecMH mrjifk He bhaoji, h Becb cb^t w 
TOMi ero xoqyxb no<i»ajHTH, h He mome 6bn*H, a6bi ne npbimoji'b 
K BejTOKOH cjiaBe, kojh u'h b Tbixx jFkTeXf 6yAy%i mojioai*} a yMtjrb 
noKasain Taxyio AQ^poTb. 

A KOJH Tpbiu^aHi npbiexaj ki Apy^nme ki> maTpoM cbohmii 
Ha 6eperb, huh npoTHBii ero 3 BejHKHAfb BeceibeMi h nbirajH ero 
rziKi CA eMy CTajo. (Uht. peKii: IIo mhjocth Bo»eH H36aBiu ecuH 
KopojiA tuT EjiaHopa h ivt neHajni. H wbh no^ajrajH Bora BpeiuH 
OMy: Ilane, He BejiHH-jb ecH 3paHeH'b? PeRi* Tpbin^an: He dCTaM 
6e3 paHi), aje HeA^aio xoro; kojr ecHO ne oocopoMO^eHH, to ecMO 
BecejH HHc AOCTajra hofo xoTejH. H npbiexaji Kopojib JIeHBH3i> bs 
CBoeio Apya^MHOK) H 3i>ceAnibi c koha npbimojrb irb Tpbin^aHy h 
noHaji uajiOBaTH ero roBopenbi: Tpun^aHe, namoj'b ma ecH MeqoM^ 
r^ ecMH TBOH H Bce mTO Mairb, aie aieAaio BOAaTH, ne BeJbMB-AecH 
3paHeH? PeK Tpbin^aHi): Ecjh CyAerb Ao6pbiH jitRapi^, ne 6010 ca 
CMepTH uiT pan. PeKi> Ropoib: JI^Kapa AofiyAOM ROjni Mbi npocTbi 
uiT flenajH. Ko^j (crp. 67) no3Baji i^Rapbi, h oirjieAajni eny pan 
H BA'&iajiH mTO noTpe6HO. PeKi Tpbin^an: Kopoiio, Tbi B^Aaeiirb 
namy yMOBy? PeK Kopoj«>: BiMX^ MaMi th AaTH, noro xbi xonenrb. 
Tpbi^an eMy noAAKOBajrb BeiMH noKopno h peRii: H npomy TBoee 
AOHKH Ha^OTbi MOOMy AAAKy KopojK) MapKy. A dotom ero nbrrajn: 
nane, KyAbi xoneMO wTcejH? PeK KopojH»: He xony hth wTcejA, 
noKH Te6e yBaacy 3AopoBoro, a hotomi noeAOMi yB-OpweHAaio 
niTO uoiRewb HaH6op'b3AeH, aie npomy Te6e aia tboch abophocth, 
DOOAbMO CO MHOK) HOCHOJi, a BMomKadM TyT noKyjib ToGt noTpe6a. 
H 6buo Tyr Bejimcoe Becejibe h npbira3Hb opjeHAeeHOMi c RopHO* 
BajieHbi, KOTopbie 6bijra nepBO b HaH6ojmoH HenpbiA3HH Mesbi co* 

C()opBKn II Ovx* H. A. H. 



ufgmzed by Google 



66 A. H. BECEJOBCBlfi, 

6oK). Tpu^aH BCK) TyK) Hoq npai^OBajti, a Kopojb MajQ cnajrB; h 
HasaBTpee Ropojb nosBajrb vuAHoro MyAporo HOJOB^Ka h noeeAaj 
eiiy coHi <;boh, mro BHAtjii. U)hi> peKi: IlaHe, r^ 6hix bbmi^ pa- 
AHXb, He AaH Tbi AOHKH cBoee Tpbi^aey, 60 kojih ujHa noHAerb 

B KopHOBaJIIOy BiyCHTb M^TH BeJIMH HySCHbie ptHbl, lOrO HH UUAHa 

AtBKa He Mijia. Kopoib peK: Toro He ifory BHbiHHTH, rzi ee f^euth 
3a TaKOBoro BHTesA, niKHH ecTb Tpbin^aH, KOTopbiH TaKMHoroBqbi- 
HHi AiA Mene; kojh 6hix ee He Aajrb^ to 6bix 6biji spaAiv^, 60 ecMO 
yMOBHJiii c HHATb HKFAbi-Mi) ero noTpe6oBaji» Ha moh) BejoncyK) no* 
Tpe6y;aAA0HKy BejMH uHjyH), aje hh ca ho foaht AiAnee BiTpa- 
THTH lecTb. HexaH ca CTanerb bojia 6o»^, ne Mory ee ne Aan. A 
nan TpbiniiaHi> uiTooibiHyxb h sejieai MopnapoM'b uinpaBBTH ko- 
pa6jib H moxh yB-0pjeHA9K). Tyrb 6bua qecxb h BejHRoe Becejbe 
Bi> ABope KopojieBOMi>, TyT 6buo BHTeseH, naHeH h naneH Aocbir, ko- 
Topbie CMOTptjH cjiaBHoro BHTH3A oaHa Tpbin^ana, ROTopbiH hxt* 
H36aBHJi'b tuT neqan BjianopoBbi. H Tyrb BeceraBoibi ca ivTopa- 
BHJH CA uiT Kopox4^ H V.VT RopojieBoe Ha Mope 3 BejiHRHM BecejbeiTb, 
a 3 co6oK> BCAyiH RpacnyK) Hacory a c neio mhofo Ao6pbix naHea 
H naneHi kohitobho yCpanbiirb raR ecrb cjiymno TaROBOH naHOH. 
H 3 MEiocTH HiaRajni Ropojb h RopoiOBara h bch jioah Ao6pbie, a 
Ropojesarzi, uiT03BaBnibi FoBopnapa h BparHHio h peRjia hm: 
U)3UHTe Tyio «jL4<niy cpedpenyio nojray nHTba h 3axoBaiiTe ee, a 
ROJH Ropojb MapRO H3'b Hhotok) 6yAyT Ha nocTejiH, Aairre em Ha- 
HHTbCA (CTp. 68) Toro HHTrzi, HanepBOH Ropojuo, a hotom HacoTe; a 
ROJiH CA tuHH w6a HanbioT, npojra wcTanoR, 60 ccjih 6bi ca rro 

HHblH TOrO HHTA HaHHJI, MHOFO 6bl CA 3Jra MOFJO CTaTH, HHC CA TO 

HMenycT MHJiocTHoe HHTe. A ROjra ca u)6a namiioTb, BeaMH ca 6y- 
Ayr MHJioBaTHy ao hx sbuiOTa hhxto ho Moa^eTb 3ja BRHnyTH Heau»i 
HEX. (Uhh ca u;6ei^ajH to bhuhhth h hotom b3ajih npontene ivt 

ROpOJA H UIT ROpOJOBOe, H HaHAJffl HapyCbl H nOmiH 3 BCIHRHMI 

BecejibeMiiy HasoTa npbi Tpbiu^aHe, h he oiahh ne Mbicjraxb 3 hhxi 
raneGnoe ptqbi hh b ^iomi, cuaho npanoe Ao6poe noHCTene. HAynn 

tUHH HO MOpy, ROJH 6bU TpOTHH ACHb, TpblH^tH 31 HSOTOK) IPpaJTb 

B maxbi; Cbua na Tpbiutane aioroFaanoBaA acynHz^a h maTa, a na 

uigitizea Dy V3OOQIC 



no HCTOPIHy POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 67 

II»coTe sejeHoro ivKcaMHiy cartel, a 6buo to jixe h 6bijrb bbjekhh 
3H0H. PeK Tpbiu^au: Tpe6a ca HaMi HanHXH. H FoBopaap mojn> v 
npaeecb KyOoKi 3 OHoe 4>jAinbi HHJiocTHoro DHrra, 3a6biBmbi ca, 
60 B KOMope 6buo MHoro'BCAKHx cjAOB, H AaJTb Tpbimaay, a 
ApyrHH Aajii> Ha^oxe. H CKopo ca HanajH xoro neBa, h enie He ao- 
nHBmbi KyfiiKOB Bnajra Menbi co6ok) y BejHKyio MHaocxb, an n 
Ao HCbiBoxa CBoero ivahh Apyroro ho u^cxaBHXb. H noiajni rjie- 
A'i^TH ivAHHi) Ha Apyroro h He mucjejih hh w komi>, xojko u; co6e. 
H ctiH raK0-6bi 3JiAKinbi ca, Tpbi^an MbioiHi ao Hhcoxm, aHasoxa 
AO Hero, a KopojA MapKa sanaMexajiH. Tpbin^aHi peKx: ^iiByio ca, 
cDXKyjib MB npbiffljo xo xaK opyAKO, a nepBes mh xoro hc 6buo? 

H MblCIHJ'b UiAHffb Kb APyrOMy, H MOBHIH CaMH CO0t: llblCJib 

Hama ecrb HeBipna; ajie hhbo hx nepeMorjio. PeK Tpbin^aHi: Ecjih 
rzi MHjyio Hmoxy, xo ne ahbuo: tuHa ecx HaMHibmarii pe?i> sa 
CBCxe, jri^omoe 6bix ne hofi naflxH, a m ecui Be BbiBeii h mh^ ecx 
Aana, a HHjiQcxb nama CKpbixa Mose 6bixH. A Ha^oxa Mbicjuua: 
GcjiH rzi MHjyio Tpbin^aua, xo ecx He abbho: oih ecxi> Motzi poBHA 
H xaKi BbicoKoro poAy tmb H rzi, H BHxesA 6oJbnioro na CBtre Hi^x. 
H lyio Mbicjb ivGa^ibiiH h>k vj62l ca MHjyiox co Bcero cepi^t; Hsoxa 
CA yxj xoM Becejnija h peiua: Kojni ma MHjyexb HaH6oibnibiH BHxedb, 
qouy MHi fiojbmoro Ao6pa? A Tpbin^aH pcKi: 13 MaM Bejuncyio 
<>opTyHy Ha CBtxe, wr ma Hai^AHemnard naHi>Ha MEjqrexb, (cxp. 69) 
a m en xoro ne dacjya^bu. Kojh FoBopHapii ycnoMenya, mxo hmi> 
Aaiii juo6oBHoe hhbo, ivu ca 3jakx h cxajii »k3> 3a6biBi>inbi ca h 
noHaxb co6t CMepxH aceAaxB, hh Tpbi^anii MHjqrex Haeoxy, a 
HHcoxa ero. H peK BparHHR:Mbi ecMO bhhhh, mxo auh nHXb OHoe 
hhbo He 3HaioHbi. PeKja BparHHA: Mbi ecMO 3JiyH) Aopory Hanuni h 
norBHyjm, a Tpuutana h Hacoxy noryfiHJiH ecMO. (UHyKadaj^iAmy^ 
B KoxopoH 6bM0 HHBO, H pcKi: SHaemi-jiH, mxo ecx xoe? lUna 
peiua: To ecx hhbo nHJOCxnoe. Wffb pcKb: 3je ecMO nopynenoe 
HaMi ivcxperjH, xoro ecMO Aajra nannxH ca Tpbrni^any h Hasoxe^ 
ivxo-s CA MHjyiox. BparHHA nonajia niaKaxH h peua: Sjio ecMo 
BeiHKoe yqbiHEiH, ne Moace fibixH a6bi c xoro ne nomio mhofo sjio- 
ro; xenep naM'b roAHXbCA 6bvn bojuih MyApbuiH, a mu ecMO BejMH 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



68 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

cuyTHbi w tom; aae nx «ajocTb 6bua BeiifH HCKpuTa, niTo 6bi c>^ 
HHbie He AOBtAaiH. A Tpbio^aH h II»OTa Tepneni ee Mom; peKT> 
TpBimaHT> H»OTe: ra leCe MHjyw H3 cepqa. tWea w tom 6bua 
BeuH Becejia h peiua TpbiiqaHy: ra h^ unjyio hh vuAQoe pt%i na 
CBixe raKi xefie, a hh a^h Con. hokh 6yAy HCbiBa. BHAenbi to Hai> 
ecT HsoTa c hemi ivAuoe mmcjh, He uiTKjiaAaK)qbi AajOH Toro, huh 
y KOMopy H cnojii>HBjni cboh) bojdo; ujrrojie na b^kh ne tuxHe- 
HHaa CA Hxi MHiocTb R u'T Toe MHJiocTH H'&iH BejHKHe npaifbi. 
H Htrb Toro pbiqapa, KoxopuH 6bi hoahaji tojko nyKH j^a hh- 
jiocTH, KOJKO Tpbi^ani. 

A TaKi 6bMa BeiHKa niKOAa, hoc y Tbie nacbi ne CbiJio 6oib- 
moro BHTe3A naA nero: wwb 6hu xpcTHH bhtcs Ha CBOTe. Peirb 
FoBopnap BparHHH: lUxo th ca ui tom bhaht? Bhah mh ca, mTO 
Tpbia(aH y3AJi naneHCTBO HaeoTe, t^ ecMH hx BHAeji* yiiecTe. CAJhe 
peKja ToBopHapy: Mm ecMO nora^jra, KOjra ee HaHAerb Kopojb 
MapKo He B naHCHCTBt, u^h MycHTb noryfiHTH bchx nacb. PeK'b 
FoBopuap'b: He 6oh ca, K0jni-»c yne Tani ca cTajio no nanibix rpe- 
xax, Tpe6a ca HaMi> nenajiOBaTH lu toh peqbi, a5bi hhxto ne Bi^Aaj. 
PeKja BparHHA: »k to i&ome 6biTH? Peirb FoBopHapi: jl^an to aa 
Mene, ra to bhuhk). (crp. 70). H wbb, peiua: To 6bi to AoSpe, 6bi 
TO 6or fifijl A w TOM Tpbia^aHi h Ha^OTa ne SHajH hhtofo, mTO 
tuHH TO BtAaiOT, H He MbicjHJi TpbiH^aH HHqoro, TOJKO u) HacoTe, a 
HacOTa tu Tpbintane, h ne 6biJ0 b hex ^Hoe na BMt, tojko tziR0-6bi 
B pan 6bUH, H MHJOBajH iDAHH Apyroro 6ojmeH mm cairb ce6e. 

H TaKl> BpOCJa EXI MHJOCTb, UTR'h HO 3HaJH mKb'6hl CA B'b3AepsajH 

ivAHH uiTb Apyroro; a nun ao KopHOBajA 6e3% MemKaHA. 

H 6bija HMi> tuAHa nepcKasa: b oahhii A^Hb roAHHa ca tuTMe- 
HHja, a Mope naAyJO ca, BtTpi noBCTaji* e noruaj HX'b HTBaj- 

TOMB TyK) HOHl KyAbl HO XOXfejE H HasaBTpeH nOAl> HeKOTOpblM 
rpaAOM BeJEKHMb H MOqHblM'b, KOTOpblH 6blJl> Ha tVAHOM IVCTpOBB 

Ha Mopbi| ivKOJO ero 6biJo mhofo uJcrpoBOB'b BejEKEX'b; a Tbie 

tUCTpOBbl nOJHbl A06pblX JK)AeH E BCAKOrO A06pa^ KOTOpblX TO 

BOBjTTb flpmne lucTpoBbi. A nan Hrb ecT FajEwT upbrnHbiot, 
a TO 6bija ero tuTHbiSHa, HHue somje e naHCTBa no6paj cbobk) 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA B nOB^CTH. 69 

AoCpoTio; a tofabi 6bixb Ahi^ojot b oahoh seMJH, Koropar^i ca bo* 
BeTB CopeEuoHcii. PeiTB Tpb]I^aH^: BiAa^e-A Bbi, MopHapu, r^t 
ecTBTOT njaneBBbiH ropoA'b? Pckjih u/hh: He BtMbi, aie we ecT 
npbmqbina Fajrati^Ta ropoA'b. Peirb Tpbio^aH: rzi Sbixii no bojb He 
xorfij CA B HeM HaHTH, mm mh noBeAajH, mroBHeM'bBJbiR tuCbinaH. 

POBOpeHbl U)HH W TOMl, BXi HAJTTb UieCTb HOJOBeKOB dfipOHnblXli. 

KojH BHAOiHy nrro whh c Kopa6jieirb ee Moryrb HiucyAbi, uihh hmi» 
peRJH: (Ahicyjb ecre Bbi, niTo ecTe npbicTajiH y Hame npucraHHo^e 
6e3 Hamoro AOSBOJienA? PeK Tpbiq^i: Mbi ecHo c KopnoBajnr, 
nocjbi KopojA MapKa^ a HAeBii> hs (UpjieHAaH, a to nac sja roAHHa 
BarH&ia, a BaM ecMO He bhhhh a hh mKOAHMi BaM*b hehofo. H u)hh 
peKja: (UxKyjib ecTe Bbi? 3a Hamy BMOBy Bbi bashh Hambi, BbiieBre 
BOH mTOKOJBeK'b ccT Bac xyT, H noHAHxe y ropoA'b h yBHAHre aa- 
KOH Ham. Tpbin^aH peK Apy^^bme CBoee: mieb xoneMO? 6cjh hxi 
nocjyxaeux, to b pyKax ecMO, MoryTb HaHi> 310 BHbiHHTH. (A}hh 
peRia: He Btsubi, nrro u)Hbi MbicjiATb, a Jienen Hasfb Tyr 6opoHHTH 
CA mTO MoryHbiy xota h hoChth ca; a HHbie peKin: Hame uiTHHMa- 
HHc HenoMOHHO HHHoro, B7R ecMO y Hxi> (crp. 71) pyKax, Moryr Hacb 
H3 cyAHOM noTonHTH, aj6o 3 ropoAa KaMtHCM noCiTH, ajie jenen 
AaHMO CA y Bxi pyKH. PeK Tpbin^aHi: HaHOBe, BapyHTO ca mTO 
HbmHTH, TOTb ropoA'b TaK aioro 3aK0Hy, kojh ca AaAHirb y hxii 
pyKH, ii'HH Haci> Moryxb nory6HTH, a6o b TeBram^bi BKHRyrH, Tyr He 
6yAeT KJUT Haci» nama nocjyra HU'b BAAqna, a h jiacKa hxt* nairb 
HHHeMHa. I^ 6bix peKi: Jlenea 6opoHHMO ca nrro MoryHbi^ jenoH 
Haifb BMcpeTH, HHHUH Bi> Hxii Jiacud 6biTH, 60 uTb jacKa He ecT 
HaMi no»biToqHa. Pck TpbinvtH l/lmoTe: A Tbi mTO Mbicjram \m tom? 
(Una CA SbiJia npecTpambua h peKja njianyqE: Tpbimane, rd ho 

BMCH) IV TOM MOBHTH, W T06e AaHa B TBOH pyKH H B OHCKy, TbI MCHe 

Bbiaeix 3 Hoee seBUH, a ecjH Mnt npbiHAeTb ranfia aifio CMcpTb, 
TO MB a'T Te6e SyACT. Kojih Tpbin^an to cjbimaj, nonai KiecTH tot 

ACHb, B KOTOpblH CA pOAHJl, H peKli: HaHHO, Ibl XOHCUrb aSblX CA 

B ccM cyAHC, AOKyjb MA 3a6fbiOT, a6o hoamo na ropy b 3aM0K% h 
AaiMo CA HMii B pyKH? C^Ha peKja: Hexan tbkb 6yAeT, »ki» tu 
xoHem. PeK Tpbiu^mi): Hohahmo na ropy k hhm h TopniMO, mTO 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



70 A. H. BECEJIOBGKlft, 

HaHl> npblHACT U)T HBX, KOJH HO MOHCeMO CA HM lv5opOHHTB. H K TOMy 

npbicrynBjra bch h BbueaiH boh 3 cyAHa b nomjH Ha ropy y ropoA) 
HamjH B saMKy aocbit AoCpbix jiioAeH, BHTeaeB h naxojKOBi> n He- 
BtcT H cjiyrb. H npbiBejni hxi yB-OAHHi> BejiHKHB aoatb, b KoropoM 

6bU0 MHOrO KOHOpOK^ a B EBXTi 6bim BA3HH, KOTOpblX HMblBaJHT, a 

ABop 6bijn> oropoacoHi neiMH xBepAbiMi MypoM, hhc hh wahh BA3eH 
He Mom,e Bre^bi. H nycTHBmbi hxi BHyTpi>, Bopoxa sairbKHyjni. 
H peK Tpbiman; IlaHOBe, mm ecMO ba3hb Aa ecMO norH6jH,HSTbid 
cyT TaKi* sjioro BaRony h raKi* HeBipHH, una ubi ne BbiHAeM iva'b 
HBX 6e3% namoe cneprB ecjiH 6orx nac ne BbiSBOJiHTb. H noHaiH bch 
HjaKaTH H lymbiTH BeJiHH rpoBHO M0J<iK0M, 60 Hc xot6jh a6bl BX 
HHbie cibimajH. A tbri* 6bu Tpbiu^an 3 Apy^bmoiocBoeioTOTAeHb 
H H0Hi> y BeseHK), h hhxto Hxi He BBAejr. H HasaBrpeH npbimjiH 
K HHirb mecTb HOJOBtKOB'b 663 tupyacrzi b peKjra bmi> : mn ca Maere? 
Pen Tpbiman: nziKo b toh npbiroAe, Koxopyio hbm 6or Aajrb, ajie 
npomy Bacb nanoBe, tbk BaHi> 6or noM03B, ryr jh Maeirb tvcTani 
B ceM BeseHH, cnoBeAaHxe naM? Pckt. iuabh BHxesb: (cxp. 72) Toe 
HexcxBO, c Koxoporo hbkojih hhkxo He bmxoabx, xo xaKii cnpaBJieno 
BCBATb, Koxopbix xyx casaioxb, b hhkojib BHce He BbiB^yx c xoro 
njia^y h b cjiesax-b bcb ahh cboh, h aj^a xoro ca soBex IIja^iHbii 
ropoA. PeK Tpbi^aHT): lUxit mob nBJbiB 6o»e, gcjb xonpaBA^ecjiH 
6bi HI iDABHX He 6hin «biB, Koxopbin cesAe BJi'^sex? H ohi> pewbi 
3aBCxe hh wabh idxi xoro nacy, «k xoxt> 3aK0H'b nocxaBjeni, ajre 
Kojni 6bi Hamoji ca BBxe3b BejmB BbicoKoro cepua h pbiaapcxBa, a 
naHH KpameB Hamoe nanHe, a npbiexajnr 6bi iv6a nocnoie, xo 6bi 
6hm Han rocnoAapbi, a xbie 6hi uycEm noMepexB, KoxopbiM mm 
CJyHMJH. KojH Tpbimaffb xo Hyjii, BCJibMH cA wCBecejiHXbBpeie: 
KoJTH 6mxmo 6bijra cnpaBeAJnrBO cyHcoHbi, Gmjih 6bic mm npocxbi 
uix BeseHM, mm Hmoxa HanqyAHeHmarzi pen Ha CBixe, a yv pbii^apbi 
mxo 6orb Aacx. H pene BBxesio: IIoBeAaB mh, npomy xa, K0JB-6bi 
xyx namoj ca pbu^dp 6ojoii> Bamoro pbii^dpa, a naHH i^rAHeBmaA 
Bamqe naneB, hm mofib 6bixM0 bmbxb 3 nexcxBa? (A}h pene: Bm- 
mjiH-6 eexe, aie ca to xyx ne Moate bbbxh, 60 nam pbmapecxnani 
BpoacenbiB b cxobx b xob xbcpaocxb a xaKOBbiH ecxi> pbmap'b, mxo 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB^CTB. 71 ' 

He Maex Apyra ea ceexe. Pen Tpbiman: KojiH-6bi ca Hamojii pw- 
iiap 6ojibmbiH Ha ceexe h 6ojbmeH AniiojiOTa? — H xaROMy mm Aa- 
AHM poBHH). — A Kojra BamoFO BBxesA AoCjAer, 6yAeM me npocTH wt 
Besenr^? IIoHi>peKT>: EyAexe, kojih-5 3 HHM'bnocnoji>npbiiiijanaHH. 
PeRi» Tpbiman: m xo($t mobjio, mm ecMO cboCoahh, ecjra HaM KpbiB- 
Abi He BHbiHHxe, xo 6bix peK H Ha ABope KopojA ApxHymoBOMi, im, 
xox BHxes, Koxoporo Bbi HOBeAaexe, He ecx Cojinrb namoro, hh tunaA 
naHH He iQrAHefimarzi naA^ namy. H wuRbia enxea cxajT> r^iKisafibiB- 
mbi CA H peK: Ta* ecxT> xoxi», Koxoporo bw xaK*ajHxe?PeKTpbi- 
man: Gcjra nairb npano 6yAex y^neno, a Bbinura 6biXM0 Ha noie, 
a Aep^axH-jb CyAexe nan Bam saKOH h npaBAy? H BbieeAxe Bamy 
naHBK) H Bamoro pbuopa h Aanxe nac Ha npaBbiH cyAi>: ccjih 6y- 
Aexi> nama naHH jienmarzi h BHxes nam jienmbiH) nexan 6yAeM cbo- 
60AHH, a Kojni CA xaK ne naHAex, nexaH mh rjiaBy coxnyxb. PeK 
oiHbiH pbii^dp: /I,oebix ecH mobhjtb, rzi xoiy noHXH h noseAaxH mwb 
TAC CA roAHx. H xaK wH nonioji ch xbmH, Koxopwe c hhm^ npw- 
mjH. A noBtM-b BaMi, ajia lorocA aoBex xox ropoA IIjiaTObiH, 60 
nocxaBjem. sjbiMB aaKonbi b -rbic Jiexa, kojih (cxp. 73) Hu)CB*'b 
nomoj y BCJiBKHe Kpannbi npbiKadaHCM FocnoAa namoro Hcyca 
Xpbicxa H iD6paxHJ 6bij MH0«ecxB0 JiioAy na XpecxAHCKyio Btpy. 
A KOJH cjibimajii>, Hmi xbie flpjime ii^cxpoBbi noxHbi jiH)Ai>cxBa, Htu- 
CH^»i> nociaji xaM Ha6o»Hbixi> jioAen u)5paHaxH Kb 6ory napoA, h 

llifipaXHJra BCH Xbie UiCXpOBU KpOMA U^AHOrO UiCXpOBa, KOXOpblH CA 

30Bexi> (A}pambi. H xaiucb Majio 6bijio EHbixi) jiK)AeH,xojRo(Upanibi, 
a nan hxi 6bijrb lDpame^, h Htxb ABanaAUaxb cbinoB h bch Gbijni 
ii^pami^bi. 

KojH xpecxAHC npbinuH b xox ti^cxpoB, xopam 6bij rocyAapi 
xoMy iJucxpoBy HMeHeMi> j[I|aBjnrrec'b, h 6bijrb HtrziK'b paneHi* unr 
MeAbBCAA AHKoro, H xyxi> u^xKHnyj Ca u)x HuiCH^a Kpeu^enHni. 

KoiH tuubiH BHxea npumojn kt> Bpynopy h k ero naneH h 
pene: nane, noHMajH ecMO MOJioAbix jiioAeH KopnoBajen h noBeAUH 
ecMO HM aaKOH nam cero ropoAa, h v.vahh BRxesb 3i» hx xoeapbicxBa 
noBCAaji ca 6bixH jienmeH xe6e h nanHio jienniyH) mima nama naHH, 
H AiA xoro ecMO npbinura aaxh stAaxH BaM, 60 ubi ne MoaccMi uiny- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



72 A. H. BECBJOBCKlft, 

CTHTH 3aK0Hy HamoFO, mTo HEM BCTaBHjm npeAKOBe Hambi: ajlx roro 
noBeAaHTe, mro Maexe HbiHHTH. PeKi> Epyeop: He r^ ero BiiCTaBBj, 
a HE r^i ero Mory tunycTHTH; aoBHre Tbixx, KOTopbie MaiOTb cjahth 
H CMOxptTH; KOToparzi naoH qyAHeHmaA, rar^ beh iJucraHeT naaeio, 
a Apyrara iiycHTb yMepera. H cnpaByHxe xyio fiHTBy, a a roxoB. 
(Uhh peKjra: HHaKi) 6biTH ne MoaeeT. H npbimjra ki> Tpbin^aey h 
MOBHjni eMy: Kojh bu Maere bhtcsa tofo mK'b ecTe peKjre, h BaMi> 
Mo«e CA Ao6pe craxH, fiyAbxe roxoBw, 60 saBxpa fiyAere 6hth ca. 
H BbinycTHJH Bxi> TOT AGHb H HO<i H AaBaJH Tpbin^aHy mTO fibua 
noTpefia, "h npbixoAbuo mhofo pbii^dpoB nbiTaioHU BMera ero, a ee 
MorjH CA AOB^AaTH, H FjeAejra Ha Hacory, a ivna ca TaHja h hc 
Morjia CA yTaHTH, h Tbie, KOTopbie BHAejiH, roBopbUH Mesbi co6<ho: 
3ry6HJH ccmo naHWio eamy rocnoAapbiHio, 60 ecT(cTp. 74)Taraien- 
mard. H HasaBTpen TpbiniaH y6paj ca, h AasajH euy HHbiH Mt«ii>, 
H tuH peKi>: Jifime mh moh Men, h u)hh CMy Aajni. Vc^'b na ROHb 
BCJMB Ao6pbiH, a FoBopHapi Hecb eMy mhirb m cyiauy, a HacoTa 
y6paja ca bcimb b KomTOBHoe u^A^Hbe h Bctjia Ha HHaxoAHHKa, a 
BparHHA H Apynie a'I^bkh 3 neio. H npbiexajiH ki> marpoM h Haoijra 
Tbixi>, KOTopbie MaioT cyAHTH Hx Kpacy y maTpox, a Tbie maTpbi 
6biJH noiHbi Ao6pbix JuoACH H BHTeaen h naHCH, KOTopbie npbnnjni 
rjeA^TH Toe 6HTBbi. H npbiexaj'b Tpbin^tn a Apy^BHOio h, sceAmsi 
c KOHOH H cejra, 60 en^e Epyeop 6bui> He npbiexaji; h TyT aaTpy- 
6HJi qejOBiiTb y pon>, Koxoporo pory AaJieKO 6buo nyTb, h yc4jn> 
BpyHopi) Ha Ao6pbiB KOHb h Bbiexaj 3 ropoAa bcjimh y6paH, a 
c HHH'b npbimjo HiKOJKO BHxeaeH h oanH ero, Maxn rajraivxoBa. 
KojiH BpyHop npbiexajTb kx maxpoM, pen: Ta* ecT TaA HeBicTa, 
KOToparzi poBHa ecrb namoH naneH Kpacoio? H ii^hh mj yKaaajiH 
HacoTy, H 0Hi> BHAejfb HnoTy h npecTpambiJi ca BejMH h pene: 
y MOH AHH He BHAejfb ecMH jenmoe HenicTbi, rzi ca 6010 yTpaTHXH 
HaHMHjeHmyio pen ajia to6 naneH Kpacbi. H npbimja MaTH FajHu)- 
TOBa, KOTopaA 6bua bojekoc Kpacbi, a kojh tuna BHAeja Haeoxy, 
uina CA npecxpambiJia, Em, en 3a ee Kpacy yMepern, 60 ca u^na eH 
BHACJia HaHiQ^AHeHmaA pe^i> na CBexe. 

BBAejTB TpbinvLHi> tunyio naHHio, KBBHyj Hhoxc h npbicxynHJix 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCIOPIB, POM AH A H DOBftCTH. 73 

K eyjkt^wb B noiaj hobhth: IlaHOBe h nanne, Koropbie Maere cyiHTR 
Kpacy Tbixt naHHH, rjeAHre, wto ujhh CTOATBnocnojib;cyAHTenpa- 
Bo. H u)HH MOJi^ajiH, 60 BHAejra EDTO Haeora AajieKo i^AHenmeH Toe 
naneH. H Tpbim^aH^ mobui noBTope: Yi Bac npomy, Aep^bixe ma 
Ha npaBAe y BamoM aaKOHe. (Uhh tDTKasaiB sajocTHbi: Mbi MaeM 
TaKi> yHbiHHTH, ajio BOJibMH HaMi> acajb. (USpoTHBmbi CA KO Hacore 
H peKJH: IlaHH, Tbi-cb jenmaizi tboa Kpaca CMepm ta HdCaBEia, 
H AJA TBoee Kpacbi Te6e xohomo Aep^saTH 3a naioy rocnoAapbraio; 
aje KOJH jieninieH Te6e, KOTopaA npbiHAer^ 6yAb QdBHa, Hmi My- 
CBm yMepeTH, t^Kb h Tara^ Roxopara xairb aojto 6bua MCHbi eaMH, 
(cip. 75) KOTopyw ecMO y bojihkoh noHecTHOCxH Mtjra,aTenepecTi> 
uicyacoHa Ha CMeprb. A HaMi> tofo BejMH acaib, aje HHaK ho MO«e 
6biTH, 60 ecMO npHCArnyjra tot 3aK0H AopacaTH. Torb 6yAb npo- 

KJATb, XTO TOT 3aK0Hl> HaaepBOH HOCTaBU! KOJH TO BblKaaaiH, BCH 

BaKpbHajH Bej[HKHMi> rojiocoMi, njianyHbi c TaKoio sajocTbio, mm 
He 6buo TaKoro HOJOBtKa, KOTopbm bhaoj, urrofibi hc saiOBaj. 

PeiCb Tpbmani: IlaHOBe, BejiHKa JiacKa, fa^ ecT tot, c koto- 
pbiMi> CA Mwk 6btr? UJhh peKJiH: Wro tot BjacTHbia, h BKaaajR na 
Bpynopa. H u;ht> poKi: Bapyn ca mcho, mm w He xoHy poKy wt- 
KJiaAaTH. 

(BHTBa TpbimanoBa a'b BpynopoMT.) H bsaji mbm 
H cyjHoy H CKOibijrb k noMy, a wwb k HOMy, h BAapbu ivahh Apy* 
roro TaK moi^ho h npbiKpo, as u^pysbie h n^urb hm% BbinaAajH 
3 pyK, H paHHJH CA iu6a h najH c kohoh. Tpbiu^an Cbixb paneHi He 
rjy6oKO y 6ok, a Bpynop 6bijrb paneHi y nepcH BejMH rjiy6oKO, h 
cyJlH^bI nojiaMajH> h BbineMnibi Menu oonajH ca pyCaTH bojmh 
MOi^Ho. Bpynop no3Haji> no BAapi^txi>, mm Tpbi^an wjkma iut ao- 
epbixii BHTeaeH, h noiaji ca chjirth, h py6aj uiahh Apyroro bojimh 
MOi^o H BeJMB qacTO, Ko«ABiH pyCai'B uifiepyTb, 60 mwb u)6eMa w) 
ropjio nuo. Q noanai Bpynopi*, mm TpbmaHi> 6ojibmbiH HaAi> 
Hero BHTe3, a^atofo ca noKpbiBajrb MeqoM, a6bi cATpbiqaH ynpa- 
i^OBaji), ajie to ne mofjio 6biTH, m Tpa<>jiHJi Tpbiqana tath b rojoe 
MicTO, aje Tpbiu^an na to 6biJii> AoCpbiH MHCTpi), BMtjrb ca cto- 
peq. H pyfiajiH ca bojihkhh qac h 6bijiH kx)62l panenbi h BMopAonajH 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



74 A. H. BECEJKOBCKli, 

CA, mm noTpe6a iirb fibuo arbnoHbrayrB; h aTcrynHJ xjummb wt 
Apyroro, h craji Bi>3jeniibi ea mbirbi h ea Menu, rjeAeui u^aih 
Ha Apjroro, ■ cto»jui sejEKyoi 4»hjk). PeRi> TpbII^aH: IlaHe Bpy- 
Hope, » Te6e MaHi eejuii 3a AoGporo pbiqapa h eejiia BMtjoro, e 
jUA Toro to6e npMAio, to 6orb Bt, He pai 6bix, aCbicb Hen aa- 
nrayTH; ajie npomy Te6e, €Cjh Mosenrb wcrasHTi Tyio 6iTBy 3 no- 
IVB noHcreHcirb h 3 Bbi3B0JieHein> Toe ApyxbiHbi, r^ piu( u/craajK), 
a5bi Tbi He BMep. Peici Bpynopb: Mbi ecMO na Toin> iiecT^y, jni6o 
Tbi Mene safieorb, a6o (crp. 76) rzi Te6e, a6o a6a 6yAeM Meprobi, 
inaK He Mose 6biTH. Peirb TpuniaH: FAt ecrb HeHaBicr, Tau mi- 
JKOCTH Btrb, H KOJH-s TdiTb, BapyH CA MeHB. H noqajH CA pySan, 
H BCH CA Hirb AHBOBajB. H HaROHei^» BpyHop He Morb crepoen, 
oycTHJ nibiT H Hen h caMi> ea seMjno najrb. Peirb Tpbin^affb: A60 
B2Re 6ojibiirb He Moaceorb? H Bpyeop peirb: Pbu^apy, rairb th wt- 
oycKaio Tyio 6HTBy, He Hen mh 3a 3je, laeb HenbiHio noBOjra, 60 He 
Mory. PeiTb Tpbin^an: YA ta xo^ no»ajiOBaTH, am hi cboh irlTb 
H MOBx: no6HT ecMH. PeK Bpynopi.: To 6bixi> 6biJ 3JbiH qoJOBticb, 
KOJH 6bix peiTb TO CBOHMi esbiROM, niTO-6 6biJ0 3 Moeio jencocTio; 
He AaH Toro 6or ao Moee CMeprH, KOTopaA ecr 6jh3ko Mene! Peirb 
Tpbinian: Hyem jh ca na tomi, nrro Mosenrb hub 6biTH? Pen 
BpyHopi: Tboh hh ir6qi> hh ivAHoro opoAJiyseHrii ne Aa<n>, Bsa 
ecTb Koneit 6jra3Ro; ecjra mh ho Bepbimi>, Tenep me caMi> yspbim. 
H TO peKmbf nycTHjfb Ayray, 

BiAexb Tpbin^aH'b hhci BMep, h chaj eMy rejMX 3 rojiOBbi h 
RHHyjTb uiT Hero AajeKo. A no3Baji> tmx, KOTopue ero 6bijra npu- 
BejH, peK nwh: IlaHOBe, ecjH ra Aocbirb BqbiHHJ 3a Moe CBo6ose- 
HH€ In Moee Apya^biHbi? Wm peiua: ^ocbiTb ecH BHbiHVjy Ao6bij 
ecH cecb rpaA h cecb acrpoBi* h HaM ecH bchh rocnoAap, a Tatzi 
oaniHa, ROTopyio ecH npuBeji, ecT nama rocnoAapbiHA; aje eo^e 
Maem npbiHATH pe^i. PeKi> Tpun^aBi: KoTopyio? (Uhh peRJH: Toi 
namoH naneH BpynopoBBabi bi>thv rjasy mbhomi. TpblI^aHl ca 
u^rjenyj na nee, a u^na ojaneT bbjmh rpo3HO, h 6biJ0 eMy ee Bejuii 
saj H peRi: Mr a Maio b6hth sony? H uihh peRjH: ITHaRi> He 
MosoT CbiTH. Tpbin^LH'b 6bij bojmb cepAHTb H no<iaji mhofo mm- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H DOMCTH. 75 

ciBTH. PeKT> Tpbimaa: IIpokjatb tot, KOToptiH tot sekoh nocxa- 
BFJiy H Tbie, KOTopbie TOT 3aK0H AepscET; ra Mymy bhmbhth teko- 
Byw peHi, nrro ne 6yAy hhkojh Becejrb, kom to ycnoMeHy. H no- 
mo j, CTAJTb €H ro^OBy H peKi> Hiii>: Bbi MOHe npbiBejH ki> raefie, 

BHC ROaCAblH AOCpblH HOIOBtlTb, KOTOpblH TO yB^Aa^T, DOCTaBlTr MH 

TO 3a raflCy. Pokm wue: He To6t to raHfia, aje TbiM, KOTopwe 
TOTT> (cTp. 77) aaKOB yqbiHHJH. IIoHAHMO-a Ba ropy yropoA h Taw 
flaMT> npbiCArHemi y ropoAo AepbaeaTH saKOH Toro ropoAa, rairb 
cyT HbiBHJH nepBbie, KOTopbie 6buiH nepBO Te6e. IlaB Tpbi^aBi* He 
paAi 6bui> TOMy nancTBy, ajie HHairb ne mofjo 6biTH, h nomojrb 
c HHMHyaaHOK'b. PeKiH: Tpbin^aae, TyT HaM npbiCAFHH. TpbiiqaHit 
He paAi* 6bijrb npbiCAFHyTH, ajie HHaK ae mofjo 6biTH, npbicArayj 
HMi>; Kjum e&iy Bejejra eraTH y tom MicTe co QneoTOio, b KOTopoM 
CToran nan Bpynop'b 3i CBoeio naueio. (Uhh TyrbMemKajRyTaKOH 
MHJiocTH, Tpbin^aay ho 6buo bhofo na bu% toiko QmoTa^aHncoTe 
TpbintaH. A kojih BHAOJia 6tAHaA cecTpa FajHuiTOBa CBoeFO wTiia 
H HaTep MepTBbix, h u^HaAeBKa^biJiaBaBCMyTBeHmarziHaBceMCBiTe. 
ByAy«!bi euHayTOB acajocTB, b yqwHBJia wAHy cyABHy h BSAJia wt- 
i^OBy FOJOBy B MaTepbiHy b npbinpaBBJia na KOHb b noexajia 3 iiaJOH) 
Apy^RbiHOK) y ^ojHbie u^CTpoBU BCKaTB FajBuiTa, b KyAbiKOJCBeKi* 
exaja, CTpenajia pbn^pu a lonaKB, y kohaofo nbiTaja kv FajHU'Te 
npbiHHbine, h ko^caub eB noBeAajrb npaByio AopoFy, rjk^ ecrb nan 
FajiHUiT. GpyHhi inna^B cTpeTBia ivabofo pbiuapa Bejmii Ao6poFO, 
BbicoKoro pbii^apcTBa, y synojiBOB 36poB eAy*ibi3MajoK)ApyHbiHoio. 
lUHaeFO no3ApoBHJia, yjuwh en Bepnyjii no3ApoBjreBbe BejifB ABopHo. 
H peKJia naBHa: Pbmapy, AaB mb ca cnwTaTB wk naaa b aia tboob 
ABopHOCTB, ecjiB ecB cjibimaji rziKBe cjyxB w FajBuiTe npbiHHbine? 
PeiuB u»hb: Tbi ecB CTpeja kofo Bu^em. H wHa na aero CMOipeJa 
AOJFO BejBKyio <^BJKo, a He no3Bajia eFo, hito fibijb y 36poB, a 
ROJB epo no3Hajia b KBHyjia ca k neny na Fopjio njiaqyiu b ho ho- 
pyqbi FOBopbiTB. KojiB ysMOFja POBopbiTB, peKJia: Hbkojto ecMB He 
cjn>ixajia TaKi> BejBKOMy nany 6bi ca TaKara aeuocT CTaia, rzHTb 
Tofi*, KOTopyw TH xo^y HOBCAaTB, fiiAHara tboa cecTpa. H wt- 

KpblBHIbl CyAAbI, y KOTOpblX 6bUB Tbie KOCTB, B pcKja: To ecT 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



76 A. H. BECEJrOBCKlfi, 

KOCTH Toro, XTO Te6e poAW, a to roiOBa Toro, KOTopaw refie y 
Hpese HOCHja; u^&Ir)!!! mxh y6u CBoeio (cTp. 78) pyKoio Tpuiaaa-b 
cecTpenea KopoiA MapKa KopHOBaicKoro, b j^a Toro ecMB no- 
exaia Te6g HCKaTH, afiuc vju tom BeAaj, mro 6bicb u'kTb c Tbuii> 

qblHBTB, 60 TbI MOHOm yqblHBTH mTO XOHem, r;dKO CHJHblH qeJOBtRl. 

Pein> FajHtuT: tlKb ca to CTaio? (Una eny cnoBCAaja Bce no 
paAy, fl FajHtuT noposyiiij, am Tpbin^an b tom BeBBHeHi>, neMijrb 
Ba nero hgctokofo cepaa b 3 BejBKoe majocTB npociesBj ca h 
peKi: Mfljard Mora cecrpo, naMi CTaio TaK'b BejraKoe sjo 3a hos 
rpexH. KojB 6bix ca naAesaj, m 6bix AasBo CRa3fljrb Tbie 3Jbie 
saKOBbi, KOTopbie y tom tucTpoBe. Ajie Tcnepi noB^y b CRa»y 
Tbie 3Jbie 3aK0Bbi, a Tpbiu;aBy ynbiBio mKb CMy cjymbiTb, a aja 
Toro Be Mory ca uiCiymaTB, a6bixi> ca bg MCTBjfb, to 6bix 3jie 
BHbiBBJ. IT noKB 6yAy »cbiB rLiOM mobm, 6yAy ca irbCTBTB. Bep- 
HBMO CA y CopeBJiOBCb B TaM nojoacbiATb Ttjio uiTi^a Moero h 

MaTKB y UiABOB UJnaTBB B Tan nopaAHHO CA, tnKb 6blXM0 npblHTB 

MejB Ba noMnj^ene. H noexajni bcb sejniB acajocTBB, a ne 3BaxB 
saA3fl HOJKOBeiTb mTo6bi to FaiBtuT, 60 exaj 3 Majoio Apyau>iBoio. 
H npbiexaiB tc umoMy rpaAy, y KOTopoMi 6hm Kopojb b3 cTOMa 
BflresB. KoJiB tuai BBAejrb FajiBuiTa, 6biJ bcjmb paA ajia tofo, 
nrro FajfluuT npbiexajii, Aa ne baa^bo eny 6b]jio, mTO npbiexaj 

B-h MaJOK) APy^^BIBOH), B pCKI To BHCC BC A^pMO. KOJB FaJIBUfT 

po3i»o6pajrb ca 3i> 36pofl, Kopojib npbimoji b peK euy: IlaBe, rzucB 
CA Maem^b? 4oMy ecB TaK ne bcccji? JIja Bora noBCAaa mb, nrro 
CA crajo? PeK Fsjibuit: He abbbo, mTO ccmb bo Becexb, »ce ub ca 
CTaja BejiBKarzt jerKoer b acajiocT. H noqaj noBCAaTB, rziKieny Tpbi- 
maa yfiBJi Kjurufi, b iiaTepi. Peie Kopojb: To ecT, rocnoAapy, ae- 
jBKarzi «ajiocT; a& niTO c tmm Mbicjranrb? PeK FajauiT: Xony no- 
exaTB y tot tucTpoB c oAabiM pbii^poM b 3 ABCMa naxojKaiiB b 
3 AoCpbiM KoaeMi a 3 36poeK), TaK mTo6bi ma aa ivabb hojobcki 
ae no3Baji>, aac xo<iy npbiBTB rocTeM, xo^y ca Gbtb c TpbimaaoM. 
Gcjra MA yCicTb, to mb »ajocTa Roaen, a kojb » ero yCiK), bbxto 
MB Toro ae nocTaaar 3a raa6y, jkch 3a pbii^pcTBO. A To6t npbma- 
3yK), a6bic MB co6pajii> nATb corb TBce^i Boacaa Ao6pbix jioacb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no BCTOPIH, POM AHA H nOBftCTH. 77 

(cTp. 79), H noHAH no Mopy y tot uxrrpOB, noA IIjiaqHbiH ropoA, 
xo^y CKasHTH Tbie 3jn»ie saKOHbii uiTOHMaTHrocTeHHAepsaTHBTeM- 
HHi^bi. H Tbi noryCfl hx bchx h bo3h y 6ojkoto h HexaH ne tucTaHer 

CA H iVAHH HOJIOBtKl UH SOUa; a KOTOpbie rOCTH BaHAem^TblXBCRX 

nycTH CBoCoAHe. PeKi> Kpojib aaA CTyBBTe3H:nafle,mT0BejraaiMHt, 
TO Bce 6yAeT mhoio fotobo, kojih ne yMpy. Ajie rziirb Tbi Mbicjrani 
6bth ca c Tpbi^auoM, KOTopbiH ecT HaHfiojunbiH pbn^pi>, rziKOB 
He ecT HE Ah^i^ojiot jokbohckhb, h He MacT Apyra Ha cb^to pbi- 
iiepCTBOM no BCHX HOTbipox CTopoHax no Mopy h no cyxy? He 
nycRaH ca na TaKyio npbiroAy h nonifiejb, na to rzi To6e ne pa«y. 
H peRi>: nane, Aaii th ecT Borb nancTBO h TaKyio uou,i>^ oito ca 
He roABT To&k hcthth hh Kiacni ca w TaKyio pen JierKO, 60 eciH 
CA To6e aio CTanoTb, a6o CMepTb, Bce tboc nancTBO sxe ynajo, a 
ecjiB TA uicopoMOTBT, TO TH 6yAeT BejHKaA jierKOCTb. nane, » 
Te6e saBSAbi iiaM sa Ao6poro, r^ To6e pasy: tucTaBi TyK) 6HTBy 
c TpbimanoMi), a kojh ero HaHAenrb JiacKOK), wn, BiffiVb TaKyK> 
TBOK) autJKOCT, u)Hi> caiTb npuHMeT na ce6e TyK) noMcry; a ecJH 
Bbi ABa CyACTe na nojra, ecjH ta tun ne npeiiose, cothh mh rjiany. 
PeKi> FajiHiuT: SnaM nrro mh roBopbim npaBAy, h r^i b Te6e BejMH 
Ay<>aM, aje kojh 6bix m euy mcthji Anii^ajiOTOM'b a6o HHbiMH pu- 
i^epu, TO 6bix FOpeH yqbiHHjrb; aje, r^K ccmh To6e pocnasaj, 
TaKi> yqbiHH; xota mh CyAOT yMopeTH, Mymy to B<ibiHHTH, nrro 

eCMH BMblCJIHJ, TO H BqblHK), 6o HO 6yAy BOB-nOKOK) AOKOJe He BHSy 

Tpbinvma. H Kopojb 6hu y BOJHKOM'b CTpaxy, edto ca Corzij, wr 
FajHiuT He MoaceTb Tepnern npoTHB Tpbiqaay, h 6biji BejiMH CMy- 
Ten, mm MHiOBaji'b CBoero nana FaiHtuTa 30 Bcero cepi^a. IIo tmx 
penax FaJHuirb Bejieji> nonecTH wtuj^l CBoero b oahhi> kiauitop h 
noJiosbiTH B KomTOBHbiH rpo6 H rojiOBy MaTepbiuy 3 BeimcHM nia- 
HOM, H noTOMi> lucTaBBj cecTpy y tomi rpaAC BejMH noqecTHO, a 
caM noexaj kb Mopy c OAUbiM pbu^epoM h 3 AseMa ciyaReCnHKH h 
c mneu'by na KOToporo koha BOjniH HaACBajrb ca, h 36poK) B3AJ'b 

BeiMH A06pyH) H M'feqi, KOTOpblH 6bIJ! AHabClOJOT Aaj. 

Kojh npbiexaj ki> Hopy h3 cboch) Apy^^moK), hhxto cro ne no* 
3Haj'b, 60 ne e»AiMBaj 3 MajOH) Apysu»iHOK>. Ctoaj tbmi^ a6h, h 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



78 A. H. BECEIOBCRlfi, ' 

Hamoji CA eMy Kopa6jKb HanpaueH, a roAHHa Ao6pa, h nomoi no 
Mopy. H KOJH 6but> AajeH wvb Kpa«, pcK MOpeapOM: ^oCbiBaHxe 
CA noA njaqHbiH ropoA. Whh peRin: He /an xoro Borbaan'b, nrro 
6biXM0 TaM 6biJKH, JKentB (crp. 80) 6bi HaMi> CMeprb hhhuh tsm 
noBTB. PeiTb Fajflo'T: He MoaceT Gutb BHaK, Mycflre Tan n<mTH« 
Kojfl Mopnapbi nocjbima jb wtl FajtBiDTa, He eeAajB inT0-6bi b^m- 
BBTB, Bs ecjB 6bi TaM noiDJB, TO BorBCjB, a ue nomeA'Bmbi) Fa- 
jBoiT BeaMB cepABTb, a Haer Apyaebmy b afipdo^ MO«eT nacb no- 
ry6BTB. H wh ApyrBB pas peKJi>: XoABTe, He CoBTe ca, Ces 6oa3hb 
MOseTe TaiTb Cmtb. PeKiB cuhb: Hane, ecjB Mose To6brnia6b]XMO 
CAHeCoAJBySUBjyBCAAJiA Gora, HexoTeibf Hamoe b CBoee oMepiv, 
60 hifjB^em can, bs hb cvabh Tan He ivcTaHeT, niT0-6bi He 6hiM 
MepTBi; TaMi naci He bcab. Pen TaiBivT: A60 He xoqere bth, 
TKb vA Bejno, Tenep ecTe MepTBbi Ha tom MtcTe. H bmhaji* ue% 
aaMaxByjTb, rziRo-fibi TATb. (Uhb ca oepecTpambUB b peicjfl: naHC, 
ROjra BHaKii He MoaRe 6biTB, mm bob bi tbobx pyKax, idto ee- 
jram, TO BHbiHBMy TOJKO He noryfiB nac. H tun peKii: He 6ob- 
Te CAj ue CyACT BaM hbhofo. U vuhb u)6epHyjB Kb itCTpoBy, a 
Apyroro aba npbimjB yB-ocTpoBi> ki> npbicraHBii^ hoa Tljan- 
HbiH ropoAi*. H npbimjB k sBWb jiioab 3 BbimHero 3aMKy b peicjfl: 
HoBMaHB ecTe. FajBtuT peKi.: Xota €Cmo npbiCTajfl y BamyseMJio, 
aje He toaht ca Haci> BMaTb, sanios ecMB fotob tot sam saKOH 
AepiisaTB. H uiBB peKJiB: Tofabi xoqem'b 6btb ca c TpbimaH0M*by 
ROTopbifl ocTb HaCojimbiB BHTCSb Ha CBtTe. PeR FajHuiT: XoTA-(h> 
6ojibmbiB HBHJB ecT, ajie na HHoe ne npbimoj, Jie^i c hbm'b ^bth ca. 
Wbm peRjB: BbiBABTe boh. Wbm BbimjiB, h rpaacAane MopnapoB 
*B TeMHBiQr noBeiB. PeRi> Fajrau/T: HycTBTe mb tmc ABa lOHasH h 
BBTe3A| HexaB MB ooMaraioT TosapbimcTBa ao tofo MtcTa, rAi 6y- 
ACT 6BTBa. H nbrraJB ero: wrt* To6e ecT bma? Pok FaiHiuT: IW 

K[0€M1» HMCHB TeHCp He MO^CTO B'^AaTB, HOBOAeTe MA, TA^ MaCMl 

61TH CA. Whb peRjra: TbiM ca ho oeHajyBTe, cRopo CyAer 6BTBa. 

H BCtiO BX1> ^a ROHB nOTHaAiptT ROHHBROB B FaJBlVT 3 APySblHOH) 

ezaji R TOMy M*CTy, fa* Maer Cwtb CBTBa. A TpbintaHi. (Jmi y 

BbUDHeiTb 3aMRy CO HSOTOK) B 3 FOBOpHapOM B 3 BpaFBBOlO y BO- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no BCTOPIIl, POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 79 

jHKOii Beceiio. Tyx Tpbi^aHi He BcnoMBaaj'bBBHoro, ivAHoH^ory, 
a HacoTa Tpbi^ana, b to€ bmi> hci^ctbo 6buo BeiMB cjaAKo, a Mem- 
Kajffl r2iKO-6bi B 6ora, a He noMeHyjB w Kopojio MapKy a hb u^ Kop- 
flOBajB, mhun TyT y tom BecejiH) Asa Mecei^bi . H na KOEujbi xperero 
Meceoa npbimoj u^ahh bbt^ nepeA'B TpbmaHa b pene eny: IlaHe, 
Tbi CA MOHenrb BeceuTB Hbiae co HacoToio, a sasTpa Haem ca Cbtb 
(cTp. 81) c oAHbiMi BBTeaeMi, KOTopbiB A^A Toro npbifflOJK 3 ABopa 
KopojA ApTByma 6btb ca c to6oh); mm ecMO ero nocraBBJB na 
Mecre, fa^ ca Maere 6bth. Pen TpbiniaH: B^Aaexe-jb, edto 3a bi* 
Te3 fla BBiA? PeK: He B^AaeMi, He xoTeji> HaMi> w co6e ooBeAaTB. 
H TpbiDian noMbicjBjrb, a6bi to ho AHj^ojiorb, peKbi tA 3HaK), ko- 
TopbiB TO BBTesb; qu HapaAHjra ecTe 6BTBy? Kojb tuH na to npbi- 
mon, oiHi 6yAeT MeTH, aa xota wwh Ha Moe 340 upbimoj, u^xaa- 
KO-m no3AOpOBTe ero ivt Meae^ 60 tn BHBMaM, mm tun ecr BejBKBW 
BBTes. H u;h c TbiM ctAbiaioj cvt aero, a npbimojrb ki> FajflOTy a 
poK: 3aBTpa ca MacTe 6btb, a Tpbiqaa ta nosAopoBJAeT. PeK Fa* 
jKBtuT: no3AopoBJKAeTi> MA TpbiDJ^aH tziK-b HenpbitziTejb, a ra ero 
TaR»e no3AopoBJAH) raiTb HenpbiATejiA. H roaopbua Hesbi coOok) 
AOCbiT, a ae nosaaja ero xto ecT. Foaopaap'b cJibimaxB, as u/bmb 
pbiipp IV GBTBe roBOpbrrb, pea: To ecT Koaenao Abi^ojiot, aoexai 
3 ABopa ApTHyma KopojA BiiQrqbipo3jniHabix a »eecTOKBX apbiroAi** 
H BejKMB CA ero FoBopaap Couin a npbiCTynai K'b Tpuu^tBy a 
peKi»: SaBTpa Haem 6htb ca. Pea Tpbiniaa: BtAaemi> la c kbm? 
(Ubi> peiTb: He bomi, ajie aaAesaM ca mm Abi^ojkot yMbicjrae aa to 
npbiexai Obtb ca c to6ok>, aje kjuwl ecrb Coibmbia BaTe3 aa cat- 
TO. — I^paA'bCBBMi noKycBTBCA, 3aaK)» KOJB apbiBAeTflaBAapAbf, 
a KOjni Mat 6on> ooxo^ieTb 3biqbiTa a CyAOMi jb poBaa, to 6bix ae 
xoTtxb 6ojimoe cjaabi, a ecia ma yfiberb^ bojio 6biTB kjut aero no« 
fifarb, Bflsi u)T HATB BBbix. Foaopaap'b ca emfi Cojibmea npecipa- 
mbij a pea: Taa ecT, r^iK'b Tbi roBopbim, aje tjt aeiaa CTpax a 
aejaaa nora6ejib. PeKi> Tpbiqaa: ^ja CMepra ae Tpe6a ca 6oatb, 
BtAaem Tbi cbm, MBCTpe, aarb mm 3aB«Abi aa tom. 

Cibimaama to Ha^OTa, ao^ajia njaaaTB 1 TysbiTB roBope^bi: 
Ta»ko MooMy cepoy, (2iki> to ecT 3jat2i npuroAa, a b 3Jbra ^acb 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



I 



80 A. H. BECEJOBeKli, 

ecMH poAHja CA Ha cecb cetrb! 6ii;e mh He BbimjiH rpu Mecei^bi 
MoeH 4»opTyue h uoeuj secejiio, h sace mh ca naxoAHT MyKa h cro- 
po^ieHbe MoeMy Hbieory, h ecjni 6bi mh ca npbiroAHja eejHKaA paaa 
a6o CMepTb, to 6bi mh cjaAKo h Jitoini 6biJ0. 

Tpbin^aHb ee Ttmbu roBopenbi: Ha MOioBtpy ne^yA^T u;h HaA 
Mene Mtrn HanepeA HBioro. Pene Hsora: rzi ne npomy kvt 6ora 
fifomrb, tuAHO 6bi mh tu SAopoB Chu^ a He 6bu oicopoMOHeH kjut roe 

6HTBbI, 3aHH)» CA rzl HH IVAHOFO BHTe3A He 6OIO, TOJKO .AHI](OJOTa. 

H B TOM CTpaxy cto^jh^ a FajnituT w tomi HH^oro He BtAaj. 

(Oip. 82) H KOJffl 6bija hoh, upbiHACT w>jkm Bwres y sfipoi, ro- 
Topbie Cbijra npbi FaiHUiiy, h peicb: TLovhwh bbmi*, upbimojii Kopois 

HBA CTy BBTeBH, a C HHM'b BOHCKO, HpblCTaJH y UpblCTaHHlI^e 36pOHHH 

Ha Konex. Mu peKJH a6bi BbimiH boh^ xoTcqbi yqbiHHTH nanrb 3a- 
koh; kojh ecMO xotcm hxi noHMarH, wbb nooaTHiH tvpy»(bie h 
hoGhjdi Hambix JiioAeH, HCMaio nopyCajH h hokojojh, h Mbi nepeA 
HHMH He MorjHTepneTH h AaiHCA ccmo yHx pyicH. H mu ecMO, nane, 
y Hx pyKax h wun cyr H3 KopiejiOHA, jik>ah FajHwTa npbiHHbina. 
Koju TO tuHH cjbimajH HMeHyH)Hbi FaiBtuTa^ no6trjni bch do 
CBOHX ooTpeSax, a FajratuT cromji'b ao lOTpa b maTpe. A na cbh- 
TaHH yC'bpaj'b ca Tpbin^iH y Be jhkoc o^pyaebie h cjyxaBmbi in>nibi 
noexai'b 3 ropoAa, a c hhmi> HsoTa h FoBopnap H BpaniHA h ho- 
Tbipbi naxojKH. Kojh 6bu 6jra3K0 maTpoB, FajHu^T 6bu na kohb 
H BHAeji Tpbin^ana 6jh3ko, bbaj cyjHi^ h ni^biT. Tpbim^aH BHAexb, 
H}R tuH ecTB roTOB, H peiTb FoBopnapy: IIoeAb ki> tunoMy BHTe3io 
H AOBCAaH ca: Gcjh ecT Ahi^ojot, BOJtxb 6bix c hhmi> TOBapbim* 
CTBO Mi^TH. FoBopnap noexaxb h no3AopoBHj'b FajiHuiTa, h u^h cMy 
Bcpnyji no3AopoBjeHC. FoBopnap peKT>: Pbmepy, to ecrb Tpbi- 
uj^affB c KHMi> CA Tbi Maemi 6hth, aje ivH'b Te6e opocHT aja TBoee 
ABopHOCTH, cnoBeAaH €My, XTO ecH Tbi. Bae B^i^Aaam c khbtb ca 
^bemby HexaH 6bi tdmrb h wht* niAaxB, c khmi ca 6i>eT. Peieb 
FaiHu^T: Kojui kjub Tpbi^anii a m ero nenpuraTejib CMeprHbiH^ a 
no npaBAe, dito mh yCnxb wti^i h MaTKy, h npbimoj ccmh mcthth 
CA na HCM-b MOiM rfejOM-L ccjH 6yAy Morb; a hma mh ecT FajHuux 

3 AOJbHHX WCTpOBOBy AOCbIT AaJOKO CJbimaTb HMA MOC. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H OOB^CTB. 81 

Hyji TO roBopHapi> ivt PaiBtuTa BiAaH)qbi, Bac Fmewt 6oj- 
lUbiB rocQOAap Ha CBtTc, npecTpambu ca b noBeAaa'b TpbioviBy. 
Hyn TO TpbimaH b pen: Eoho, xBajia tb 67A, h2k Ha6ojunbifl nan 

B HafiOJIlQblB BBTe3b IDT CBOTa SopOT CA npOTBB MOHe 6BTB CA CO 

MHOH) Ha nojB, a to cct aeiT AoCporaM h xpaCpicTBOH, naHOM nan 
opumoj 6btb ca co mhok), Morynbi nocTaBBTB cto tbcch BOBCKa na 

nOJB 36pOHHbIX 31* CyJBI^aMB. KOHeU TbIX ptHCB. 

(BBTBa Tpbin^aHOBa 3i> FajHtuTOM) IlycTBXB ca tuAflH ki» 
ApyroMy, mki mofjh koub CKOHbrra, b yAapbu u;abh Apyioro TaK 
MOi^HO, aai CA cyiBi^bi bm oojiOMajra, b sAapbUB ca TaK MOOfiOy b« 
u)6a najB c kohmb na scmjik), b tuT tofo yAapy (crp. 8^) 6him 

paHHH B lD6a yCKO«]bUB TaK raKl Tbie, KOTOpbie 6bIJIH BOJBKOe A06- 

poTH B BejBKoro cepiia, b nooaTHJB Meqbi b noiaiB ca py6aTB. 
H TpbiiaaH 6hu y CTpaxy, b idhb oiSa Sbijra BOJoncBe nejoei^Kfl, a 
6Bjfl ca lAKb cfl4H0, HO 6biJ0 HOJOstKa, KOTopbiB BBAej, a6bi CTpa- 
xy He wki. Tpbin^an 6hxb moi^ho, a FajBuiT TaKise, yKasbisajTb 
uiAHui> ApyroMy csoe HenpbiATejCTBO. Tpbin^an no3Haji CBoero ho- 
opbiraTOJA, a FajBiDT peK: To ecrb CojibmuB BBTe3b, KOTopbiB no 

CBtTB CJblBeT, TyT MB npblHATB CMOpTb, a60 6bITB A06pblM HOJO- 
BOKOM. Wm CA ivfia CBJBJB JKSLBJlOHhl tUABH APyrOMy CBOe BBTe3b- 

CTBO, a HmoTa KOHi^a rjieAtia tofo, kofo MBJiosaja 6ojm'b hbs 
caMa cefie; kojb wh npuBMai TaKOBbie yAap^bI, tuna 6bija SxbAa 
B Aua*6 Becb cserb^ a(5bi uih 6bii 3AopoB Bnpocrb wr tooCbtbu; 
KOJB FajBcvT 6bji> TpbiiAaHa, TOFAbi k\)e Ha Kojenax naAan, a 
HsoTa npbiBMaja yAapc^bi b cdpi^e cboc b ebijafijitAayraKinanyFa^ 
a KOJB TpbiDian FajBu)Ta 6iiun> b oojo CMy 6paj, a HsoTa dbua 
bojmb Beceja b pyMAna. (Uhb 6hjb ca, a II«OTa 6paja yAapmu y 
CBoe cepue b 6bua naBna, me Tpbim^aH iiacTb AoCpyn) fiBTBy, 3a* 
hh)» u)hi> FOHHJii FajBuiTa DO nojK) KyAbi xoTA. A FajflvvT 6biJi 
BejMB paHCH a KpoBK> cxoABJ, TpbiiAaH He BCJMB 6biji paneffbi a 

FajBVVT CA CBJBJl) DpOTBBI TpblD(aHy, IHTO Ha60JeH MOFl, H MO- 

BBji: HexaH BBsy, kojko MOFy c hbm TpbiBaTB. ByAy^bi FajHiuT 

y CBOCB TaCbKBOCTB B FOBOpbU: tA He MOFy 36bITfl CMepTB VVT Tpbi- 

lAaHa. Am Bumoj Kopoj naA CTy BHTe3MB 3 jk)Amh 36poBHbuiB aa 

COopnun II Ova. H. A. H. 5 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



82 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 



^■^^ m 



noMO^ FajHcury, a mm npy^KO, 60 Kopoib BHAexb^ dito ero Tpu- 
mpLWb 3iiaraji. Kojh PajnivvrB no3Haji> cboh) xopyroB, TorAu pes: 
Tpun^aHe, tu MepTB'b, bhahoi to cyr mob aioAH, a Tbi nb yCnxb 
u)Ti](a b MaTKy, eciB 6bix c^ To6e He mctbj, Bee eser 6bi HHsa sje 
Mtji). PeR TpbiDiaH: He MO»e to 6biTB, DaHe,inTo6TbiMeHejnoAiai 
sacrpambiji), » Te6e sHaio Tax Ao6poro, ne exaji 6bi Tbi ko not, 
ecJH 6bi ecH Mtji Mat flflbiirb mictbtb. IX ca bhofo ne 6010, a mi 
CA CTepery, tojko Te6e, a 6or Bt, me-u tb HeBBBOH bi CMepn 
ijurBjBL fl MaTepbi tbocb, b caM to Ao6pe BtAaemi. A Aaio tb cioio 
6BTBy aa AoCbiTyK) b nyoTB ma 3 Hoeio Apy»biH0K) CBoCoAHe. 3je-ii 
BqbiBBJi>| BHe-Mi Ao6bi J iieqa npoTBB Te6e, BanpoTflBi 6ojunoro naaa 
B HaCoamoro bbtosa, a to 6or Bt, me Toro ho hobjk) ama crpaxy 
afibix CA (cTp. 84) 6o»j CMepTB. H npbiCTynBJi, AaJtb euj mb^. 
FaiBtuT B3AJ Meqi> a pen: Tbi-c mb TOJibKO B^binaji, mro fibixi 
Te(5e iflxb HeflaBBABT co Bcero cepi^i, aje ae Hbiaio ToroA^^^TBoee 
AoGpOTbi, mm eca aafl6ojibmbia BBTes aa caeTo. He ecT foabo reGe 
noryCBTB a tuCeqyio To6e cbok) npbirzoab. A Tpbin^aa noRieRHyj 
nepoA BBMi aa KOJieaa caoe a npAAKoaaj eMy ABopqe 3a ero jiacRy. 
FajBu^T ero ysaeji ooa pyKB a pea: To ca ae foabt, aqKOjaeK i^ 
BejBRBB naa, a tu Taance aeiBKaa qoioaiirb a Bpomeabia, taicoB 
a rz>, a Bares eca Cojbuibia, Haaua ra, a atT To6t Apyra aa CBere. 
A Kopou aaAi» CTOMa BaredMB k hbm apbiSjiBHaer ca BBcyis- 
ufiUH aa TpbiiuaBa. H FajratuT 3aKJBKajT> aa aero idto HoryHbi: 
Ctob, aepaa ca tuT Tpun^aaa, ecja tb hcubot Tpefia. Kopojib Toe 
qyambi craj a aepayji bobcko a noexaj caMi ao Fajniu^Ta^ a bu- 
TaJTb ero peayHbi: HaHO, raa ca eca MtjT>? PeKi FajrawT: Ao6pe 
3 JUtCKB 6oHoe, aje ae Bejuia. Pea aopoj: lA aaM nepao w tom 
noaeABJi. FajnituT pea: Kojib ccmb a3 hiubotom c Toe 6flTBbi, 
aje BejMB mb ca xorkio 3 hbh Cbtb a aeceji ecMB u; tom, dito ca 
a HBMi noBaaxb; ecja 6bi ca mofjo ctbtb, xot^tl 6bix m6tb bx 
H3 Abi>aojotom nocnojn, 60 Tbie BBTCSfl »2iKi>xpa6pbieTaKABopBbie 
H BCARoe AoCpoTB oojubi. PoK Kopoib: A mro Tenepi» Mbiciam'b? 
FajutuT peai: HocAbMO bcb ao AOMy TpbiDiaaoaa c bbmi a tbm 
uinoHbiay noayjb 6yAy 3AopoB. H acej'b Fajiau^T a Tpbi^aa a 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPI0y POMAHA H nOB«CT0. 83 

Hmora H BCA ex Apy^Bma bcjimh npyARO, h KOJiHopuexajEHaropy 
H B aaMOK, KOTopbiH CA 30BeT (Upam, ivrjcAajni pan FajiHU'Ty h 
Tpbin^aHy, h 6biju b FajiHtuTa BejiHKfle paHbi h KpoBio 6hu aaABi- 
inoj. JltKapbi npbuoAbMH atibe Kh panaM'b h ahbhih ca rziKi* ecr 
»biBT>, H He Mor pymbiTH r&jiOMi> i^aibiH Mecei^. A Tpun^iH jeasaj 
nrziTHaAiiaT AHHH,aTOBapbimbi ero 6biJH npu HeMi^aKOTopbiefibuni 
y TeMHBQbi, Tbie ca bch co6pajra ki> Tpbin^tHy. A Tbie hoah opu- 

mjH H3 ApTHymOM KOpOJieM, KOTOpUH B2LKb CTy BHTeBMH, B Bllllfl y 

IljaHeBHbiH ropoA; h BbicTyDHJH bashb a rpaA samrjH, 60 rpasane 

6UM CA 3 HBMB W TOT SaKOH HtUCHOOB, KOTOpblH A^pi^^SaJH MBOFO 

j'fiT. A rajiBU)T opbiKOBaji, a6bi hhxto TpbimanoBbix ne rqtBaj a 
HH ero rocTA, a ne au ^t ce6e TpbiqaHy uitxoahth dokh tuSa 
BbisAopoBejfl. PeK FajiBtuT Tpbiu^ay: YA 6bu'b npbimoji y tot 
vucrpoBii Ha TBOK) CMeprb, homcthth CMcpTb wTi^a (CTp. 85) Hoero 
H MaTKH Moee, aje BtA^K) Em tm bCbj hxi no HeBOJH hia TBoero 
pbn^apcTBa; vvToycKaio To6e Toe. A noBCAaj mh ecH, HxcHecemTyK) 
oaHHy 3a CBoero AAAKa, r^Ki. ca ecH eny tu6eiuu'b; rzi ta nycKW) 
3 HCK), ajie BejMH mh »cajb Toro, urro ae MO»senii> exaTH 30 mhok>, 
h;r ecMH He BHAej »aAH06 MBJibmoe ptibi, kojri 6bix aac BBAexb 
c naHOM^b Ahi^ojiotoh yMecTe. Tu Modern b3ath vuToyniieHHe y 
CBoero AAAKa h npbioAb ko MHt y KopoieBCTBO CBpejOHCKoe a6o 
TAtKoneK SyAy^ ycnoMeHH Tyio ABopHOCTb, duto ecH Heji u>t Mene 
H ivTnyn^eHtii rneBy Moero, opbieA ko mtk uno naCopsAeH MOSRem, 
a til th u^Ceoyio ca ttiKb BHTe3b, 60 ccmh ho Kopoa, Tbi3 nancTBa 
H 3eMJH Moe, urro ccmh 3a6paji, AniiioJOTy h to&I, aCux ir&ii 
3 BauB ABCMa TOBapbiincTBOy a bu co hdok); rzi 6bixi> Cojibmoro 60- 
raTCCTBa He xoTeji>. PeK TpbUAani: Ilaae^ BejHKa mhjkoct, Tbi-cb 
TaKi MBoro AJiA Mene yquHBjrb, tn ToCt tofo ne Mory 3acjy«biTH, 
aje KOJB 6or a&ct sbiBOTb, m Te6e xo^y ycKope BHAeTB PA'i^RoiBe 
6yAeiirb. To th roBopy 3i> CBoeK) ApysBiHOK). H 6bM0 CMy Hope 
TBxo^ H rajBu;T ero DpoBaAHJi> AO Mopa h npocBJi ero, a6bi HHaKi» 
He BqbiHBJi, H TaK 6bi yqbiHBJi'b, r^iKO ca npbitu6eivui. 

Aie noTOM Majo HOMemKaBmbi npumJu^ eiiy Bi^CTyiETorajiHuiT 
npecTaBHi ca, h ui tom TpbinviH 6bijx BeiMH auutocreH'b. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



84 A. H. BECEJOBCKli, 

U KOJKH CA po3jyqbiJi FajHtuT c Tpbiii^aHOM, imcaji PajoituT 
JHCT CBoeK) pyHoio H nocjajTB Ao KopojieBoe BejBBepbi, noBeAaioqu 
€H Toe DoncoBaHbe sjbix saKOHOBi no CMeprn tuiuia h MarKH CBoee. 
H rziK^ H^T 6ojmbix Ha CBere wt abjx BHTesen; b Me»bi bxi> He 

3HaM, KOTOpblB GOibmblB, €CJB AUAOJKOT 3 JIOKfie, Ibl-Jfl TpblO^tH 

3i> GjHVJUHoca , cecTpeaeii KopojiA Mapna. 

Kojfl BejBBepa tot jhct nponia, 6biJ0 ea BejtfH baauo b 
peKia: Mbjko 6hi mh bbact naHHy HsoTy b naaa Tpbi^aHa y 
ABope. He nyT CbiJio u) AantojOTe npaBAflBoe BecTB, hs b Torb 
qac Cbijrb u;hi> 3 yna CTynBi, a TaKX fibuii ABa roAa, a to 6buo 
TOPAbi, KOJB MflJiBeHei; KopojA Bana b BeHAeMaryxb npbiexajui y 
ABop KopoJA ApTByma b Aofibu KopojieByio BeiBBopy b oneua Ke- 
HBmoBoi CTOJHBKa B DOBOJ 66 y jIoHApenii>. 

H KOJB npbiexaj naa Tpu^au y KopHOsajb co Hhotok) bk ko- 
poJK) MapKy B3 CBoeio Apy»^biHOK>, B Tyr 6buo BejBKoe Becejbe, 

tiAK% MOJOAblB, TaK B CTapblfl BCfl CA B6CeJBJIB, BPpaJIB. H B TOM 

BecejbK) KOXB hme 6bua Ho<rb, a 6bixb qacnb HmoTO c KopojOM Map- 
KOM noBTB AO JQau>i, a HsoTa 5bija y BejiBKOB neiajra, bhi» He 
MOFja 3a6biTfl Toro (cTp. 86) Koro MBJOBaja. PeKja caMa k co6t: 
Gn^e 6bix BOJiaia yB-ocTpoBe (UpamoBy 6biTB, ni ecMB Mtja Tpbi- 
mana no cbo€b bojb. H b tob MbicjiB jerja aa nocT&iB; ajka yrpa- 
qeHbA naneHCTBa CBoero ynpocBja BparBHio, a6bi BMtcro m c ko- 
pojeM Ha Aombi 6bijia tjh) nepByio ho^. H Kopojb MapKo MemKaB- 
mbi npbimoj ao nee y johhhiq^, a b josHBitbi hb kofo ae 6biJ0, 
vuAHO Tpbimaa b Foaopaap a BparaaA. CKopo ca KopoJib po3o- 
6paji, Tpbintaa aoracBJ CBtibi, b pea Kopoib: 4oMy-cb to aqbiaaj? 
PeiTb Tpuniiaa: CAJCbiHaa T0T6crbyB-0pji6BA3fl,K0JKBX0HeTB6JniKBB 
naa'b aa nepmya) aoTb je^bi c naaaoio, CBi<ibi yramaiOT, a6bi ca 
naaaa ae CTbiABJia. iieae mbtb ee 3aKjiejia a ra ca ea Taai tu6e- 
ujBLn. PeK Kopojb: flfi6pd ecB yibiaaxb. 3aTbiM BbinuH bob m 
lOSBBiibi Tpbinvia, 1/lmoTSL h FoBopaapi. A BparaaA jierjia aa 
DOCTejB BMtcTO HsoTbi, a HmoTa 6biM aa tot ^acb ycTaia aa- 
npoTBB KopojA, KOJiB Kopojb yBomoj y jomuwiy^ a CTOAja HsoTa 
y 3aKpeT€^ [iokh k aea Bbinua c KOAiopbi BparaaA. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPI0, POMAHA H nOB«CTH. 85 

KojH Kopojb cnoxbEBJi 3 EparHHeK), ee nosHajL mTofibi ae 
HHora; h cKopo no cnanio BBinua EparHHA, a Hasora ymoAmbi 
jerjia c KopojeMi. if kojh 6bijio na saBTpen, peK KopoA MapRO 
Tpbiqany: Tpbin^ane yroAHH4e mob, Cbiny moh HeposenbiB, npbi- 
necb MH ecH ^ucroe aiaro. H 6bijrb TpbiiuaH lu tomi bojhb se- 
cej. H na tob paAocm Bejrlurb Kopojb MapKO BBreseM'b Hcnoj- 
HBTB cepKO Bece^beM, a roBopbu: IIpbiBejrL mb TpbiqaH HbicToe 
30JOT0; B Raaaji npbisecTB bcakbc ryA^bi b AyAbi b Oy^Hbi, rpyCbi, 
maxBy Bapi^tfibiy jk>thb, apranbi; Toro A'i^a y?biBBXb raKoe Be- 
cejbe, aCbi ca pbmepbi Ky xpaSpBOCTB wkm. BflAe^bi nansbi xa- 
Koe Becejibe, Taai^oBajiB fopotbbckbb raneiit 3a Ao6poT naay Tpbi- 
maay, roBopenw: IIpbiBexb aaM'b nan Tpbiman y homi nairB ecr 
ntTB BrpaTB ao KOHAa ABea nambix. H nosBpajia pyca H^OTa cbo- 
BMB rzicflbiMB iu<ibiMa na u)Co6y nana Tpbin^aHa, a Tpbin^aa TaKe-s 
na Hacory noanpai, hbxto tofo co bcbxii BflreseB b nanen b na- 
Hea Be snaxb^ tojko Tpbiqaa a HacoTa b FoBopBapi) b BpaniBA. 
H npe6biBaji Kopojib MapKO y Becejm aib CBOBifB BBTesMB. 

H ivABoro ^acy npbimoj ivahb BBTes KopojA MapKa BpeKCMy: 
Bej[MoacHbiB Kopojiio, BexaB to CyAex yxaeeo mTOTBxoHynoBeAarB. 
H noaptBi KopojttBaBBxesA, pea: FoBopw, raxo xonemi. Pen bb- 
xea: Tbi nan MOi^Bbin, a mh^ aeBAAHBa xbom jierKocxb; ra xb no- 
Btu^: MBjyexb Tpbin^an Hacoxy TejiecBbiMi> ynbiHKOM'b. Kopojib 
peKi (cxp. 87): Moaexa-jib xoro aobccxb? IWh peKi: Xlane, aaacxe 
ccMB nyji Bac Mawx cbiBXB ca y nepByio cxopoay BOHbi y ^opoAe^ 
3a ctBMB. H Ropojb MapKO, xoxe^bi xoro AOBeAaxB ca, peKipbnp- 
poin>: MacHi exaxB. PeK Tpbi^aa: KoMy Bejam^ 3i> co6ok)? Pck 
Tpbin^tay: W noHcxeabia pbii^dpy Tpbimaae, aeeAbxenepcoiiaoio, 
»AB Meae xyx saBxpa. H u^xexaxb Kopoju> AaieKO tux ABopa a aep- 
Byxb pbiippoB lux ce6e, a caMi sepayjii ca ivnAxi> ao ABopa a 
ymoj y ropoAein> a Bii3jt3'b aa rzifijoab. A xofau 6bua boh He- 
ce^aa a a^a xoro ae Morb cKpbixa xeaK) CBoero. A naa Tpbievta 
3iiOBBji 6b]j[ CO H2R0X0K), aObi Bbnnjia y ropoAent; uiaa Bbioua a 
cxajm 6jn3K0 xoe rzifijioaa Bejma aecejia u) hbiocxb Tpbin^taoBOB; 
a npbimoji Tpbiu^ta ko Hsoxe 6jb3ko a y6QHbWh xtab MOJOBt^bia 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



86 A. H. BECEJOBCKlff, 

Ha rzi6jiOHB H noFJieA'faJi'b Ky sepxy b noKjeKHyjii> ea KOJiteo, pes 
HHCOTe: W Bejie6Harzi naHB bcbitb HaHBAirb Kopyaa, a*ia tofo ecm 
Te6e npocBXB, aSbi ecB Bkimjia y cecb u;ropoAeiti>y » 6ux CRaaaj 
Mbicjb MOW. MbimjiH) noBTB uo Mopy B no cyxy, 60 ccmb ^j, nrro 
peKi Kopojb MapKo: IIosflpaeT Tpbin^aH sa HacoTy mijiocTHbiirb 
ui6biqaeMi>. Hho h^jla Cora, noBOAafl Kopojiio mok) cjyHSy, rairb ecMB 
6bj ca c orHOBbiM BjiaHopoBi, 3 HaflfiojimbiM^ BBreseM ^ a^a ero 6bix^ 
eBiy ToOe Aocrajrb; aexaB 6bi ca Kopojb na Mene ae reeBaxb. Hhco- 
Ta 6biJia BejibMB MyApa b ko bcakob peibi xBrpa, noseaja, bs% 
TpbinviH Hemro bbaht, b nocMorfie^ no u^ropoAiQr fl u;6aqbija 
xiHb qoj[OBiqbiB Ha seAUB, b ne BOdpeBmbi na AepeBO b penjia: 
(U Bejie6HbiB BBTesiQ, bcbh BBxeseM Kopyao, kotopmb MBJiyemi> 
naHCTBO KopojA MapKa, 60 BeAaeT Kopojb tbok) BejiBicyH) nocjyry, 
niTO ecfl uiCBoCoAHJTb bck) KopnoBajiK) \x)t Majia b ao se^BKa, b bcb 
uiKOJiHbic CTpecnyjB ca hjla BejiBKoroBBxeacTBaTBoero. ToCbiirfejrb 
(Jbrra BejiBKBB AHB-b, »ce*6bi Kopoji 3a6bu Tsoee Ao6poTB, a Mtjrb 
BipwTH ivAHOMy BBTesK); 6yAy ra w Tofit mobhtb rocyAapy Kopojiw, 
HaAeBaB ca^ bh Kopo^b hhc, HajTbrnoui^e cbocb, 6yAeT aepbiTB. 
A KOJiB ecB BMbicjiBj xoABTB HO Mopy B cyxoH, cn^e nonexaB, no- 
Kyjb npbiBACT Kopoj MapKo. IlaH Tpbin^an BiSAaj^ ^uy 6ory b 
noAAKOBaji 3a to KpacHOB Hhcoto b noKioHBJix CA, moj yB-o6eit&biB 
najiail, a VLtrot^ ao jkohcbbiu>i. H 3jit3 Kopo^ MapKo b3 Aepesa h 
peK caM Ki> co6t: ^'ti ryr Tpbinj^anoBbi BBHbi, ecjra 6bi to 6bija 
npaBAa, bho to 6bi Tenepi> 6bijio. Ilpbimjro na Mbicjib CMy, B2r Torb 
BBTe3b TEkwb MacT Ha Tpbin^aHa, bhc c Tpbin^anoM xoabj yB-Op- 
jKeHA3K) no Hsory; a KOjra npbiCTajB noA saMOKi^aMOJiorbB lowh- 
ApbinrbCKOM KpoJOBCTBe (cTp. 88) b Aepmanbio KopojA ^OMaryjA, 
a TaK K HHirb npuexajB fibUB Asa bbtcsb, Mni^op'b b MaproHopi> 
poBHB co6t nbrraioHbi, a Tpbintan BejMB xoTejrb 3 hbub KonrroBaTB 

CA, B TOT BBTOd BHBMajl OFO MOBC^B: Tpbin^aHC, HO nOUUHI CCMO 
C TblMB BBTe3MB 6BTb CA, aJC HODUB CCMO npblHeCTB IT»(OTy B3 

ropoAa BBAfla b3 CAJpienAdB, AO^ny KopojA JIeHBH3a, Hamony naay 
K<^jno MapKy. TorAbi eny peieb Tpbin^an: 6cjb Tbi 6oBnrb ca 
KOJOTB y JIoHApefflbi, TorAbi hc-bab c naMB yB-(UpjeHA3K), 3aHK)s 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA B DOB'bCTH. 87 

TaM EMflfiH. MHoro Ao5pbixi BHTeseHy a He ahajt Hasfb Hhotu 6e3 
MODiHoe fiHTBbi. H 3a T06 TOT BHTe3 FHeBaxB CA Ba TpbiB^aBa; fl 
npumoji TOT rneBi Kopojio aa yirb b He Bi^puxB eiiy. 

Ilpbnnoji Kopoj MapKO y na^iai^ b npbimjia k HeMy HacoTa b 
peKJia eny: BejiefiHbiB nane, ^0BiMi> tb wjuslj pe?. Kojb ec9 cuTe- 

XaJI B3 CBOBMB BBTeSB AO APyrOPO ABOpa, a TyT IVCTaBBJTb TpbiH^aHa, 

Kvwb saxor&i noexaTB no CBeTy, b m ero nbiTaja: Horo acjia eAem? 
il tuH MB peKi>: no3Haj[i ecuB, mTO Kopojib Ha ma nosflpaerb rufkB- 
HbiMB OHbiMa; H r^ ero ynejia, AOKOje ca no To6t AOseM^. Ilpoiny 
TA^ rocyAapy, aja tofo no3BpaHA, BtAaen]i> caM, r^iKO KopHOBaiA 
6bua noHBHOHa ivjB-HCb ee Tpbiiaani u;cbo6oabj, j6jm HaB6ojib- 
moro pbmapa AMypaTa upjieHAancKoro yn-ocTpoBe CaMCOHe, u;cbo- 
60ABJ KopHOBaiK) IDT BejHKoro H AO Maioro^ aTOBqbiHBJiAJiAToro, 
a6bi Tbi naHOBaj; a ^n^e hoCbjii HaH5oj[binoro BHTesA u^raeHoro 
EjiaHopa, B TO qbiHBj a^a Te6e, Mene To6t AOCTaBatoqbi. H en^e 

KOTOpbIB 6bl KOJBeK pbll^dp npbiexaJi IVTKyjl Ha tbob ABOp pOBHB 

HbiTaTB, a ecjiB6 BtAai, mTO Tpbin^an y nac ecT, ne m^tb 6yAeT 
c HBM^ 6BTBbi, a ccjB CA 6jflfiT (5btb, Tbi 6jnem noBbimoH Tpbi- 
u^aHOM; 60 KOJB npbieacA^ajni pbiuapbi na u)Ti;a Moero ABop, tofam 
CA He Mor naBTB hb cdahh BBTe3, KOTopbiB 6hi CA npoTBBHj riaia- 
MBACHcy; B KOJiB CA 3^exaj c Tpbin;aHOMi>, bho Tpbin^an c koha 
ero CKBHyji>. ^jia tofo, nane, ne a^b eMy u^t ce6e npoq hobtb. 
H Kopojib MapKO nocjiyxaj ee qyAHbixi> ptqen b peK cb: JIoBeAano 
MB Ha Tpbi^ana, aje caMii dnaio Btpna cfo k co6t b MBjyio cfo 
cepuaM^ rjiKO caM ce6e. 

(COHl KOpOJeBCKBB) A HOTOMl pCK KOpOJIb MapKO KpaCBOB 

HaROTe: BBAei^ ecMB cohi»: 6bijiou)AHonaHCTBOBejiMBXopome^ BHa 
HeMii 6bija Bbipocja uiAna poTKa Bejuni neKHa, a na nen 6biJB i^BtTU 
fiejiMB KpacHbi; b FOBopbUB BBTe3B: TO 6yAeT nancTBO Ao6poe ^jla 
Toe KpacHoe po»bi. H FOBopbixb nan tofo nancTBa (cTp. 89): 
IlaHCTBO M0€, aje po»a ne Motzi; xTOKOJiBeK u)3MeT E(BtT urr 
poH(bi, 6yAeTb cMy poaea. H mhofhc pbmapbi npuesA^ajB y toc 
nancTBO, a KaacAbiB pui^p xot&i tofo nvirek wt Toe ppsbi, b hh- 

XTO He MOF B3ATB UB^Ta WT pOHCbi; B npbimOJl> U)ABH BBTCSb B 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



88 A. H. BECEJOBCKIH, 

npocxep pyKy k toh poaw h iuthajx uahh nfi^rb ax powH. H 
peKJH tuHbie BHTe3H: To ecT ahbo, rziinb aojpo ee Mori> hhxto ivth>c<th 
i^B^Ta u)T Toe po3Kbi, a cecb pbii^p CKopo npbimoj h b3aji> i;b'§t 
ee. A TOT BHTGd 6biJi> BejMH Beceji) kv toh poHCbi, a kojb eme 
fiojbmeH xoTkjn> itstTOB, Tor^bi He M$t 6ojiirb y<i»aTHTH. H b tot 
Hac npoqyTHJTb ca ecMH ^t cea. I/Itrotsl peKjarllaHe^MHtcABHAHT, 
KOTopbiH BHTea B3AJ itBtT ivT TOG poHtbi, ero 6yAeTbHpoaMi. Kopoji 
BBBMai mTo6bi CA Toro HHXTO He AOMbicjHJi, a Ha^OTa 6bua 

BeJlMB HJApa H AOMblCJHJa CA AJIA HOFO TO KOpOJI MOBHJ, H BHHMaJia 

H;e-6bi euy BparHHA noBeA^ia ee MHJOBaHe cii Tpbin^aHOM. H 6bija 
HncoTa BejiuH cepAHTa na EparHHio h MbicjiHja rziK0-6bi uJHaHeObua 

HCblBa. 

H noexai nan Tpbin^an b HHcrbie Ay^popbi HCKaTH Chtbu, 6o 
u^T HeKOJKy AoeH HceAaji> Toro^ a Umom peKja BparHHH: Iloexaji 

naH TpbllE^aH 6HTBbI HCKaTH H TaM MyCHT HeCKOJIKOpaHMtTH,aTOrO 

6bij[HA Majo, HbiM paHbi JOHbiTH; a TaKi> noexaTH MHt a6o To6t 
BijibA Toro HCKaTH. PeKJia BparHHA: W noiCTenarzi nann, ne cjy- 
mbiT To6t HHMO Mene exaTH, a xotb 6bi mh h A&^eKo uopeM b cy- 
xoM exaTH, rzi HoeAy ne tojko ao ^bicTbix Ay^poB HAaieH npbiHecni 
stjbe nany TpbiiaaHy. Aie opomy Te6e, noniJH co mhok) AByx bh- 
TeseH, a6bi mh KOToporo npbicjOBA ne 6biJ0. HacoTaKaaajianosBaTH 
ABy xjionoB H BejiejiaHKrb B(5paTHCA y36poK), a KrAbiCA u^hh y6pa- 
jh; peiua HMi): IIoeAbTe c tok) AeBKoio h TaMi> sarydnre ee Ha 
CMepTb, a rd 3a TO BaM ynpomy KopoJiH, a6bi Bacb nocTaBHj bh- 
TeBMH. A KOJH npbiexajH b qbicTbie Ay<^poBbi h MbicjHjra mhofo ro- 
Bope<ibi: TaA nanna hhofo nocjiysbua nany TpbiD^any y rpaAe 
BnrziHy y CUpjienAaB, tuna ecT MyApa h XHTpa; cnoBeAaHMOMbiToeH^ 
Horo mn noexajcH ecMO, moscot-jh to iv)Ha BqbiHHTH, rziKO 6biXM0 

6bMH npOCTbl lUT KapHOCTH H UJHa IVT CMCpTH? H CUHH pOKiH: Bt- 

Aaem jni, nanHO, mTO uaeni wt nac CMepTb? lUna peKJia: He uory 
HHHoro 3 BaaiH mobhtb, AOKyji ne BHHcy napcyn Bamux. Hiuhhbha- 
jiH rejMbi H yKasajcH en napcyHbi, h ivna noBnajia hx BparHHA, ihto 
u)HH noexajB (cTp. 90) aja ee ciiepTH, h peKja: He cutHTe hhopo 
BHUHHTH, u;aho mTO BaMi Ka3aHo; a kojh xohotc, Ho«eTe 6biT npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



-ri 



no HCTOPffl, POMAHA B nOMCTH. 89 

CTbi CUT rpexa h y^biHRTH nphiKaaane nana namoro. CUhh peiuH: 
CU AoGpam nairao, jua tofo ecMO To6t cnoBexajni, mro 6bixifo 
npocTbi \x)T rpexa, a tm u)t cuepTH. ^esKa peKJiailloBeAeTeiiAHa 
pocnyTfl€ ^biCTbix Ay^poBi, ecTb who ApeBO BejiMB KpacHOi rxk 
3aB«ABi MHoro jHXTbix 3BipeB, KTOMyMA Apesy npbiBASbire, aexafl 
u)T 3Btpefl yiipy. A a^h tofo peiaa, b» Majo xoro, raxofibi ne 6hixh 
BBTe3 npbi TOM Aepesy. H Tbie xjodb npuBejB ee b npbiBesajiB 
K TOMy A^peBy b nosBpajB aa bcb cropoHbi, wTKyjb Tbie asipbi 
npbiBAVT, B B6aHb]jB B2R efifiT RpacHbiB najaifBAe»cii AayaiBTBHi), 
a da BBBfb ero cjiyni. HcnojBBjia Bpanra^ cepi^a Becejra, bsi no- 
SHaja KpacBoro IlajaMBAeHca; b B3piji> najaiiBAe« b peKi cbo- 
Biii>: He crajo mb ca na mok) muca, ra 6bijrb aja tofo noexaxb, 
a6bix ivT pyKB nana Tpbin^aHOBbi Buep^ a»i> ero cbmoto CMeprb 
noTKajia, 60 kojb 6bi 6bijn> uB,wh Tpbi^aa »biB, Be craio 6bi ca 
TO EparBBB. PeK m: IIoiiBJiyfl Tefiii 5or, naflHO^ r^iROio cuepTbio 
nan Tpbin^iH 3rB6i? Bo ecjB 6bi am 6biJi acbia, He CTaia 6bi ca 
To6t TaKBA jencocT. H ana peRja: Pbioapy, m ta 3Hairb, b» tu 
xpafipbiB pbmap IlajiaiiBAex, cbiu KopoJia AHynjnrra, HafiojbinbiB 
HenpbiATejb nany Tpbin^any. TaKi> 6bix ne norBfijia dut juorbix 
3BtpeB, t2iKi> ecMB He BBAejia Becejbmoro nana Tpbiiuaaa mK BHopa 
6biji, B noexaji) b qbiCTbie Ay6poBbi CBTBbi bckbtb 3 Ao6pbiiiB bb- 
Te3iiB, mm Toro abbho HceAaji. PeKi> najaMBAe»: IUto 3a BbiCTyni 
TBOB np^i> KpacHOfo HaeoTOK), BBC ecB B TaKOBOB uyn?? H u;Ha 
peKja: CUnpocTB ma wt Apesa, tzi naM ooBeM. IlajaMBAeac <juTB63aji 
ee u)T ApeBa b peK: HoBeAaB, naHBO. Whsl peKjia: }I^h tofo mb ca 
TO CTajo: nonua ccmb 3i> CBoeio Focnoseio 3 idahofo npojieBCTBa 
y Apyroe, tuna nonecja cbob u)Abhi> ABtT, a rzi mob ApyFBB i^BiT, 
B xoAHjni ecMO MopeM b cyxoM; BAyibi no Mopy naoB Morzi yTonBia - 
CBOB i^tT, a rd CBOB He BTonsja, b u^na nocTaBBja mob QBtT, PAt 
6bi Mijo 6biTB DiBtTy ee m'Icto, b 3a to mb ca toc 3jio crajo. Ila- 
jaMBAes peK: BiAaer n to nan Tpbin^aB? H u>Ha peRja: He Bt- 
AacT. H uiH pen: W Ao6parzi nanHO, Tbi mhofo nocjyffiUJia uany 
Tpbin^kHy, a Mni ecB mhofo BbiCTynBja, a kojb ccmb Te6e wnpo- 
CTBJ aT CMepTB, nocjy»u>i mb. H cvua peKia: Koacaub pbiipp fo- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



90 A. H. BEGEJiOBCKlf , 

A^H ^CTH 3biqbiTH BBTeseM H naHHaM. IlajiaMHJieHc pen: TIoeAMOCHa- 
HH B KopHOBajb H noBCAaH MB vAj6b]HaH Bamoro nana KopojH MapRa. 
H uuHa(cTp. 91) peKja: ^ofipbiH ecT iv)6biqaB Hamoro naaa: kojh 
npbiHAyr BirreBH ea rocnoAy a noBeAATb Kopojio MapKy, ULTsrh npu- 

exaiH BHTeSH 3-bIHOe CTOpOHbl fiflTBbI HCKaTH, nOBBHeH HM*b KOS- 

AOMy Kopojtt nocjiaTH KOHb H 36poH), ecjH CyAjT CBoe kohh notpy- 
AHJH, HexaH CA Ba CBisbix 36oAaK)T. IlajaMBAem peKjrb: (Ah* ^o^o 
TaKOBbiH u)6b]HaH BcraBjeHy saHioHc Torb oiCbnaH ecrb Kopojfl Ap- 
THyma, KoropbiH ecrb bcbh^ KopojeM Kopyea noBCBM^orbipoMcro- 
poaaiii? H KVBSL peKJia: Tot iv(5biqaB Bi>CTaBj[eHi> kojb npbimoji nan 
Tpbin^ae b3 UJpjieBAaB b KopflOBajno. A 3a TbiM noexajr IlajaMBAeH 
B KopHOBajib. IlajafiffBAess peirb: IlaHHO, xotI^j 6bix ra, a6bi ma ee 
B^AajiB, XTO ecMH B ivTKyjb Ao ^acy. H kojih npbiexajiB na rocnoAy 
pbiD^pcKyK), TOFAbi euy npbiBeJiH koua b 36poK) npbiHecjB b peKjfl: 
Bbi ecre BBTe3B, npbimjB ecTe 6BTBbi BCKaTB? IlajaMRAeac peicb: 
ABBe; ecT jib Tyr nan^ TpbHE^an? Wbul peKJiB: Iloexaji b jOBbi. Ila* 
jaMBAe^^ peicb: A Mnt ero ooBeAaiB y Ay^poBax. Wm peKJB: TIo- 

exaj 6bIJI 6BTBbI BCKaTB 3 BeJBKBMB pblippbl B A0(5bU TbIX pbIE(dpOB. 

H obiraj TlajiaMBAeac He paneirb n BejMB? Wm peKjra: PaneB, 
aje Be BejMB. DbiTiBtJi bxi> IlajiafiffBAeHc: Eop3AO jb uaer npbiexaTB 
naa Tpbi^aa? Wm peKja: He BtAaeM, ecjiB 6bi ca my ran 6flTBa 
Hamja, b cvb (5bi sMeniKaji, mm ivb ecrb bcbmi BBTeBeM Kopyea, ro- 
Topbie MBjiyioT Bamoro nana RopojA MapRa. HajaiiBAeffi 6hu iv 
Toirb B&ififfl Beceji^, mjo eiiy Tyr ae cnoBeAajB Tpbiu^aBa, h bm- 
moji nepoA rocnoAy h BHAeji Tpbi nairbBbi, a ivbb BAyr no yni^bi, 
roBope^bi: Bejnrr Hopojn> BBTedAMi b A'i^BKaM r co(5e npbiBTB ys- 
o6ei](BbiB naiaifi. PeR HajaNBAeac BparBHe: UIto tb ca ui TOirb 
BBABT? WJHa peRja: BBAHXb mb ca, ibto rocyAapT> Ropojtt xo^ex 
u; Mat BbiraTB. Huubi peR: Kojb mh^ «iacBAapbiTH«iojiOM Ropojio? 
H OHa peRjia: Kojra ca coBAyr BBTe3B ao RopojiA yB-o6ei^bni na- 
jai^. Wwb peR: Mfljarii naHHO, naiHyB tofo. A hotom peRja Epa- 
FHBA HaiaMBAesy: Hacb To6t hojom BAapbira RopojiK) MapRy. H 
u)H oomoj, a c bbm ero BBTe3B. A TaR npbimoj RpacBbiB HaiaiiB- 
Ae» 3 ABCMa HCHbi, c lopBbiM n^biTOAfb y ofiei^BbiB naiait bri> ro- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIB^ POMAHA H DOB^GTH. 91 

pojK) MapKy B noKJOBHJi ca; Kopojib ero irpbiBHraji BejMH oyAae, a 
noTOM peK^ Kopojb: Xto 6bi mof QiAam r^iRoio CMepTbio 3n6ji^ 
A^BKa EpaPBHA, rzi euxi epo Aaposaj^ BejMB mhopo, a XT0-6bi ee 
cnoBtAaj a^biByio, 3a mro 6bi epo pyKa CAPnyja, (crp. 92) to 6bi 
CA eiiy He saCopoHuo. IlajiaiiBAejR no^iaj euj noBeAaTB u; KopojB 
ApTBymbi. Kopojb MapRO HcnojHBjrb cepuo Becejeuii h Bejiexb 
npbiHecTB maxbi, peKi> najauBAe»y, a6bi Bppajrb c hhm. A kojib 
ciuni BppaTBy peirb Kopojn> IlajaMHAeHcy: TaK tb » POBopy, pbi« 
uapy, mTO hbxto ca MBi^ ho dpotbbbt b inaxbi BpparB. Pck Ilaja- 
»iBAeaci>: 13 b^m Kopojiio, mro ecB nan xBTpbiB, aje kojb xo^iemi 
BppaTB u; Toe, KOTopbiH 3 Hac^ BbiHppaeT, no mro ca cpo pyna 
XBaTBTy aexafl co6t ivsiieT. H aa to \x)6eL npbBBOJBJB, b Bbiappai 
Kv Toe TlajiaMBAeHc b pen: KopojEO MapKo KopaoBajiCKBB, Tbi-*cpeK: 
Xto 6hi BaM noBeAajii> o ^biaoTe a^bkb Epapaaa, no niTO 6bi topo 
pyKa CAPayjia, to nexaa cD3MeT; a en^e ecB peKi>, xto 6bi 3 aac 
Kopo B maxB noBppajii, aa mTO ca pyKa cpo xbhtbt, aexaa wsMOTb. 
A Oojibmara ecT pem> Btpa Kpojieaa, hbhjh KpojieacTBO cpo. ^aa 
Tbi Mai Kpacayio ilaeoTy , a ta To6t Aairb A^BKy Bpapaaio. Kopojb 
peia: Fa^ ecrb? Wn'b peKi>: Ha moch POcnoAe« HpeKiTIajaiiVAeai 
CBOCMy BflTe3io: IIpbiaeAa EpapBHio. H BBTea ee npuaeji; a kojb 
BBAej ee Kopojb MapKo, BejMB 6bu Becej a pen wahob Kksni^: 
IIoBAB, mob H^OTe: Hapeman ca, noexaTB Maenrb cTIajaMBAeaeoirb. 
A KpacaaA HacoTa pAABja ca bcjimb tbxo, u;»eb]AaK)«ibi mTo6bi 
npbicneji naai Tpbiin.aBi>, ae cnexb 6hi TlajaMBAeacb w tom ai 
noMenyTB. A TaKi> npbioua oyAaam HsoTa npoA KopojA, a pea 
Kopoj MapKo: Pbmapy, u;to-» tb naaa. najaMBAesi acaojraHjrb 
cepi^ BeceibeM b B3Aajii> 4>ajiy Bopy a noAaaoBaji Kopojiio MapKy 
3a Hsoiy. UyAaaa HmoTa peKia: Bwvesio, kojib Meae mob pptxa 
Aajni 3a Kopojm MapRa KopaoaajicKOPO, wa aejiej veae ro&k aatb, 
Tbi caM^ BeAaeoii, mTO eca cjysbu y Moepo a>Ti^a Tpbi foam ajia 
Meae, ae Morh ecB Meae BbicjyHbiTB, aje kojib ma ccb AOCTan 
TaK 6op3AO y KopojA MapKa, ooamo yB^cnayK) qapROB a KjeaflM ca 
60POM, a6bi ae iDcraaBJ uiAfla Apypopo ao CMopra. W tom 6uj Ila- 
jiaMBAes aejiMB patBeai> a peKb: IIoamo naafl. H npbiexaja Kb 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



92 A. H. BEGEJIOBCKIH, 

ippKBH, Hncora s'bciA'kQibi h ynua a qapKos nepeeH najanHAO^Ka; 
a 6biJiH B TOH i^dpi>KBH pcMAHbic i'lcTBHiibi nojiOB cDyiaeHbi, HacoTa 
nojtaia do Tbixi jrlcTBHAaxi ao ivKHa Bepxieero, h kojih 6bijia y 
DUKHe, ysBOJOKja jicTBHny k co6e; a sa Thmi> Bmoj BBTes Ilajia- 
ujnem-b (cTp. 93) AeyajHTHq y i^epKOBi BejMii Beceji. A kojih 
Hsoxy CBOK) BBAeJi y ujKHe qapKOBHOM, 6bijii bcjimh CMyreH b peK: 
W noHCTeHarzi naHB, qoro aja to HbiHHmi? 3jt3b aojobi> h Rie- 
HBMO CA wAHH ApyroMy 5orou, a6bi He ivcTaBBj OAiawb Apyroro ao 
cirepTH, a caMa ecB to peKJia, naHH, rzi To6t roBopy Bipoio BHres- 
CKOio: KOJfl MHt Te6e Aaj Kopojb MapKO, He xo^noexaTH6e3Te5e. 
n peKja II«OTa BHTesK): IIoeAb 3 EoroM, mmii ecrb BHTeaa y ko- 
pojA MapKa, KOTopbie noexaiH y jiOBbi, a kojib ta nasAyT npu wzt> 
uapKBB, 6yAein m^tb uoE(HyK) 6HTBy. IlajaMBAeae peK: (U noHCTe- 
HaA naHH, r^i He 6oh) ca hh cdahopo BBTesA, kojb mh ta jubjl ro- 
pojib MapKO. TorAa norjieAeja II»coTa KyAbi noexajB BBTeaa, h 
Bfia^biJia am eAeTb ki> AepKaa nan Tpbiu^ani; 6o tot a>6bHaH Mtj 
Tpbin^aH: kojb exaji ao ABopa, a6o 3 ABopa, aaaHiAbi 3ae»cAiaj 
K TOB lopKBB. J/lTROTdL poKjia TlajaMBAeacy: BflTesio, eAb 3 6oroM, 
eABTb na ta BHTe3. IlajiaMBAeH peK^: IlaHH, mTO ma cTpambim bb- 
TeseM? He 6yAb ivahh, Hexan 6yAyT Aea! IlaHB, cobar aojobi, noe- 
xaTB To6e.co mhoh). HacoTa peKja: BBTe3K), ooeAb 3(k)roM, BHresb 
eAeT K oapKBB BBTedbCKBM iv6biqaeM, CTepe»cbi ca BAapy u^noro bb- 
TesA. IlajaMBAeH peKii: He 6yAb ii^ahh, nexaa 6yAyT Tpbi, aana; 
3Jie3 AOJiOB, B KjeHBMo CA MK ccMO pcKJB. PeKjia Utrotsl: BflTe3I0, 
nocAb UJT EppKBB, AOBAeiD copoMy KJOT BAapy Apyroro BBTe3A, 6o 
BHce Bares 6jb3ko i^apKBa/ KOTopbi Ha ta cAeTb. HajaMBAeaK peKi>: 
He 6yA ^Ahh, 6yAb ax AeceTb, npbiaiiaM Btpoio BHTe3CK0H) 2KAaTB 
Te6e Tpbi ahh h Tpbi ho^b, a ee xoqy exaTB 6e3 Te6e. PeKja HsoTa 
DajiaMBAeHcy: He Tpbi, ne Asa, ujahhi> TpbiD^an CAOTb. A HaiaiiH- 
Aes BiCKOHbiJi> na koha b no6iri idto Ha6opi»3AeB Mor, 6o atAaer 
BHci yiiteT Tpbin^H c KoneMi> na kohh. H BBAejtTpbioiaH'brAino- 
6erb BBTe3b u;t i^epKaa, b noaaajH) no 3HaMeHH b CKO^bui idto 
Ha5op3AeB nor a ne aofohbj, Bepayjrb ca, 6o CMy KOHb 6bu copa- 
i^oaaH y josax. A kojib npbiexaji oaHi> Tpbin^an ao i^apKBB a bh- 



Digitized by 



Goo 




no BCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOMCTH. 93 

Aejii nyAByio II«OTy h posratBai ca BejMH, a He xorljrb paa Tla* 
jaMHAesa nbiTani, idaho pen: BcAAb, naHH, ea koha h €amo ao ko- 
pojA MapKa. HHOxa peiua: He foaht mh ca exare hki» Kopojiio, 
HHTb Me u)TAaji naj[aMHAe»y. Tpbio^aH peKi>: CU ooqcreHam nam, 
t^Kb TO Mose 6bit, mToSbi Te6e Aajii> IlajaBiHAemy, (crp. 94) n» 
KOpoJb MapKO jk)6ht BCflKoe po3JBHHoe Beceje? ifsora peRja: Tpbi- 
mane, kojm 6bi eny mhjio seceje, mK-b 6hi Mene a&J eacAiaJiOMy 
pb^^^py? 

A no Tbixii pe«iax noexai u^t i^apKBH nan Tpbi^anx co Haco- 
TOK) no catTy esAirni h exajH u;t KopHoeajH kx j[I,OMOJOTy, H crpt- 
THja Hx uiABa A^BKa h peKJia: Pbu^dpy, rzi ne dnaio xto ecH, aie 
6aiy TA Ao6poro BHTe3A;^MH'6 acaib TBoee jerKocin, aaeios kojib 
noeAemii toio AoporoK), ne Moaceui'b 6biTB 6e3 JierKOCTH. naaTpbi- 
^an peRi: IlaHHO, AAKOBaao tb 6yAb uit bcbx BBxeseB, uito ecR 
paAa iDCTepe^bi BBTesA u;t lerKocTB; npomy ta, nanHO, ^oro aojia 
MOHe yHfliiaeaii> idt Toe AoporB? H vuHa peiua: ^oGpbiB pbii^dpy, 
Ha nepoAy To6t ctobt Kopoj ApTByini b3 cbo€H) KopojeBOio }Ka- 
HB6poK)y a raK ecn> unoro Ao6pbixi> pbu^poB,3aHK)HCKOSAi>ifl ao6- 
pbiH pbu^ap MBjyer naHCTBo KopojA ApTByma, a TbiepbuopbijKOJB 
y3paT c T060K) HaoyAHeBmyK) naHBio, ycxoTAT k> y Te6e viUTHATB 
MOi^HOK) 6BTBy. Pbii^apy, ho CyAer TaHi> u;abh a6o ABa, aje TaM 
M Horo BBTe3eB Ao6pbix^, 6yAeTb KOMy janaTB cyiBiibi, b can co5oio 
ee tuTAaTB MycBuii. IlaHi Tpbin^aH peKi>: naHHO,3a4>ajeHOTH6yAB 

BCBMB BBXeSB B naHHaMB, mTO eCB paAa U^TBeCTB BBTe3A VJUTJierKO- 

CTB, ajce pa?bi to B^AaTB, xto 6bi ha KOJiBeK He wTBepHyji Koni- 
euii na kohb, hbxto ma ho uo«d u^thatb u)t too AOpora. AsaTbUf 
CA pocraj nanii Tpbi^an c tok> AeBKOio. H kojb bbaoxb maTpbi 
KopojA ApTByma, b TaM ca uaAeBai-b Sbtbu; b 6bUB boimb pyAHe 
yKpamoHbi. Toro a^a peK nan Tpbin^an KpacHOB HsoTe: IIoHCTeHarii 
naHB, BBABm maTep KopojA ApTHyma rziK^ 6jb3ko AoporB pocnflT? 
A r^i BtMi, UITO TyT MHoro Ao6pbix BBTeseB, a ecjB mm nooAeM 
npaBOK) AoporoK) na maTep KopojA ApTByma, 6yAeT Ha ma Moipa 
6BTBa, a KOJUi nooAeM cToponoio u^kojio KopojiA ApTByma, b TaKCA 
HaAeaaM OBTBbi, ysMOBHTb: tuHO BeAeTCTpanuniBbiBBBTedHaiiiyAHiB- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



94 i. H. HECEJOBCKid, 

myio naHHy. fl,M roro, nam, Mymy noBTa npaBbiM nyreMir K-b 
maTpy RopojA ApTHyma. Aje To6t mobjuo stpoK) BHTe3CR0H>: ecjni 
HHyAbi nocMOTpbim hhhcb me^ TpuiE^aHy Me»bi ujte% a kohio 
CBoeuy uemhi ymbi, 6yAy ca ea ta BejMH nitBaTH. H peiua Hmo- 
Ta: CU noqcreHbiH pbu^apy Tpbiu^aue, kojui 6bix rzi MHoro xoAHJa no 
Mopy H cyxoirb, He BHAaja 6bix hh idahofo pbii^apa 6ojbmoro, TOiRO 
te6e, a ROTopbie cyrb HaH6ojibinbie BHTesH^vTABopaRopojA ApTHy- 
ma, (crp. 95) Tbix rd bchx BHAaia y ABope uiTua Moero y CUpjeHAW. 
A TaR npbiexai'b Tpbin^aH Kb marpy RopojA ApTHyma, 60 TaK 
6JH3R0 6bu maTep Aoporn pocnATb, hs noBposbi nepea Aopory 
nepexoAHJiH. Tpbin^aa noexaj Aoporoio no nonposex H3aqennjii>R0- 
HeMi> noBposoB H crpacHyji bchm maTpoM; a b tot nac Ropojib ce- 

Aeil> 3a CTOJIOM HC ROpOJieBOK) CBOeK) H(^HH6pOK) H 3 CBOHMH BH- 

Te3H. H BHAeBmbi to BHTe3H CRaRajiH qepe3 CTOJbi rjeACTH Toro, 
roBope^bi: Xto ecT Tan nbimnbrn h namoMy nany RopojiK) AprHy- 
my, ROTopbiH ecTb bchm RopojeM Ropyna? KpacHaa HacoTa h Fo- 
Bopnapi, «]yBmbi 3ByRi> cocyAOB b maTpex, mTo BHTe3bi cna^- 
^bi qepea ctojm po36HBajiH cocyAbi, h BejMH ca 3jiarjh 6oflqbi ca 
ranfibi. A rojih 6biJH 3a hhmii 31 maTpa BbimJH, bhacjih ero naH- 
^jmioro BHTe3A H c HRMi naHK)K); a 6biji Tyrb c hhhh h AhI)- 
i^ojiOT Cbm ^ojiOTa RopojA 3 JIoRBH, HaMHJieHmbiH TOBapbimi Tpbi- 
n^anoBi; ajce ne nosnaj Tpbin^ana, mro 6bij bi 36poH, h BHAeji> 
CA euy BCJUiH Ao6pbm pbiE(3pi>, peie: Mnoro ccmh xoahji MopcMi* 
H cyxoMiy a HB u^AHoro pbiD^apa ne bhacj, rotopmh 6biTaRT>M0i^H0 
na ROHH ceAejii>, a6o TaRbxopomoHory BCTpbiMeHHAepacaj^,RpoMA 
OAHoro, a HH oiAHoe namibi hc bhacji ccmh TaR i^ahoc, rpoha \.vAHoe. 
& 6b]ji B RopojA ApTHyma noAiambiH HueHeM Feym-b hobo nocTaB- 
jieHi> BHTe3eM, a BrLn> BCJiHRyio xpa6pocT, ajie Majio CHJbi; tot noA-- 
HambiH BHACJi HanyAHenmyK) nanHK) HacoTy^ HcnojiHHJi> cepi^ Bece- 
leifb H B3Aaj XBajy 6ory, npbimoji b maTep hri> Ropojno ApTHymy 

« nORJIARHyjTb MOBeHbi: IIpeHaMOaRHeHmblH RpOJH) BCHM1> ROpOICH 

RopyHO, TBoeiiy nancTBy poBHH Hbrb A^JieRO a hh 6jih3ro, Tbi mt 
peRi>, 6bix ra BHACJ HaiQrAHeHmyK) naHHy, lyK) mh cch Mtjrb Xani; 
npo to, naHe, rojh ebixi ra mhofo At e3AHn MopeM h cyxoM, He 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPiH, POMAHA H norocTH. 95 

nor Cuxi TaK HaHin i^AHoe A'i^BKH, iziK-b Tarzi 3 wHbiirb BHTeseii, 

KOTOpblH MHHyjl MEMO TBOH maTepl, HC BAapblJTb BaM HOJOM. He- 

xaH €My a)TOHMy xyio naHHy, a ero k xoCt npuaeAy. KopojB peK: 
BHTeaK), ecjH mb tofo BBresA npbiBeAem, He tojko u;HaA AeBKa, 
aje ^ovo Bcxonem, to uj3Meni. CUflbiB noA^nambiH noAAKOBaji 
BejuH CMtjo, r^Ki 6bi ume bi> cbobxi pyKaxi Mtji>, b no^aji ca 
y6BpaTB Bii 36poK), BejHB 6op3AO DocnemaK)%] ca 3a Hhotoio. 
B AeuojOTb eny peKi> : Feymy, He KBan ca exars 3a tum bb- 
Teseii, 60 m 3Haio (cTp. 96) uki cdh Ha kohb ceAvr b rziK-jai Hory 
B CTpaMeHB Aepsbir; oepso xo^^ AaTB tbob koh BBAeHBe Han na 
DOBOAbi HacTynaH)?b], hbhjb 6bi Tbi ero npuBeji npbi CBoeif cja- 
60M crpaMeHB. H To6e noBeM cnpaBeAJUBe: He Morb 6bi crpam- 
jBBbiB BBTe3 TaK oyAHoe naHHbi boahtb, b nepBO nac 6bi b Hero 
u^THfljH. Feymi pa^d: He ciymbiT hb vJUAHOiiy BBTe3K) Apyroro 

BBieSA U;TBOAHTb U)T ePO nO^ieCTHOCTB, a » TO&b HOBeMl BqpoK) 
BBTe3CKOIO: KOJB » C HBM1> COBMeM, MaiO 3 HBM1> MblOUK) MBCTdp- 

CTBa upocTBpaTB. naHi> Aniuojiorb peqe: Ilane noA'bHambiB, ra Toe 
HBAiH, KOJB CA coBMeTe, Majio MBCTepcTBa fiyAere npocrnpaTB. A 
TBK Hoexajii noA*ianibiB 3a nanoM TpbiH]^aHOM iuto Ha(k>p3AeB Mon> 
y BejniKOB 6e3oeHHOCTB. A kojb cpo yBBAejB HssoTa b cpo FoBop* 
Hapi>, B peKia IlHCOTa Tpbin^iHy: BBTes 3a to6ok> oact. Pene Tpu- 
uiaHi: I3k% eAerb? HacoTa peKJia: UIto Ha6op3AeB kojko KOBb no- 
seT. PeK Tpbi^an: Tot BBTesb hobo nocTaBJieHy a mmcibt co 
MHOK) Majo HBCTepcTBa npocTBpaTB, a 13 cb HBM. Ah Kjniqe Teywb 
noA^oibifl BejBKBM rojiocoMi: Pbii^apy, nrro BOAHmi BaoyAHeHinyio 
naHHy, no^enaB ma, nexan ysBABniy KOTopbia 3 Bacb 6yAeT roAHeB* 
mbiB MHJOBaTB ee. IlaH Tpbinvtn nepso Konie b3aj noA'b naxB, 
BBS CA vufiepHyjx, b pena: EAb a^ bhahhis. 

(BBTBa Tpbiu^BBOBa 3 FeymoMi) Kojb cbaib ca kodxb 
BMecTO, Feynrb nojerexb na luAay cropony, a KOBb ero na Apyryio 
CTopoBy, aHsora b FoBopHapi> pjeAeJB mro ca Mesbi hhmb ynbi- 
HBTb^ B WEE He Mopjui no3HaTB, mTo6bi CA TpbiH^any Hopa y crpu* 
MeHB pymbija, ne tojiko niTo6bi ca y ccAJia noKa3BJO aja 3y<»ajioe 
ptqbi TOPO BBTe3A. CKOHbu c KOBA naH TpbiH^an h CKBnyji^ Feymy 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



96 A. H. BECEJIOBCKlfi, 

rejiii^ 3 rojiOBbi h xoTej[i> ero Ayniu H36aBHTH^ h cvh ero npocHXb 
w acbiBOTL. H peie eny naa Tpbiiaairb: YqBiHH-a^ ter, - mro n 
Tofit BeiH), a rzi Te6e bmsbojik) wt asecTOKoe CMepTH h wt ivcrporo 
iieia Moero. CUhbih BHTesb peqe: W naHe, xota 6bi ma ecH nociai 
AajieKO MopeM H cyxoM, ecjH ma HSbiBOTa HesSaBHm. Pese Tpun^aH: 
Pbii^epy, po36epbi ca h3 CBoee 36poH h AapyH Tyio 36poK) CBO€My 
iiany, KoxopbiH ta nocjaji. tW6epHyjn> ca k HeMy ojenbiMa; h sjio- 

6bJ Ha TOM TOTb BBTCS R DOmOJ wtUTby HecyHbl CBOH) 36pOiO. As 

BAerb Kpojub ApTHymi) h3 cbohmh BHresMH h KpojieBa H(eHH6pa c nae- 
HaMH, H yBHAeJH BHTe3H, mTO HAeT KOHb HacTynara ua noBOAbi, a 
aa HEM HAe BHTea uareyB ca, h Tbie BHresH, uito 6biJH TOBapbimbi 
DOAiiiamoro, roBopbiJHKopojiioApTHyffly: TlaHe, r^KixpaCpbiHTBOH 
noA(cTp. 97)qaii]biH a Ham TOBapbioi Feym^, naAesaeM ca, mro 
yOHJi u)Horo BHresA 31 vuhok) aaHHoio, a 35poK) ero necex, mro he- 
KOiH ecMO JiepBCH He BHAajB Taicb i^ABoe 36poH, rziKi) 6bija aa tom 
pbiuapu. naHAnaojiOT pe^e: U)moh 6o»e, tnKh BecTue noBCAaere 
HamoMy nany KopoiK) AprHymy, 60 kojh 6bi Hamii BHTe3 Toro 
BHTesA Ao6bu, AiAHoro6bi CBoero kohh ynycTHj? A r^BaMi>roBopy 

BtppK) BHTe3CK0K): Ham BHTe3 C60K) 36p0K) HOCHT. A DO TblXl pC- 

«iaxii npbimoji noA^mbiH, Hecyqbi36poK) cbok) Ha6ep6MeHH, Bnpbi- 
CTynHjrb Kb Kopojio, paqa: Ilane, bojh ma ^biBa, hehc MepTsa, bo- 
joj ecMH TO yHMBBTH, HHHUH TOJOBy yrpaTBTH; a m To6e hobo- 
AaM, Barb Hex BHTe3rii, KOTopbm 6bi ca eMy dpothbbj. H 6bij ko- 
poi w) TO BOJMH ffiajcocTeH'b, mxo ero BHTe3io CTaja ca jeri>KOCT. 
H no3Baji Kopoj cbok) KopojieByio }KeHH6py h paK: IlaHH, hohah 
c naHBaMB a npocH AnrbitajiOTa, a6bi opbiBOJiiToro BHTOBra, 3aHiosc 
VJUH Ha6ojmibm BHTe3 Mescbi nanH, bchm BBTe3eM Kopyna, KoxopbiH 
jio6AT nancTBO Moe. KopojieBa npocHja AHi^jioTa TaKi roBopaw: 
HaHBbimnibm BHTesK) AHi>it3J0Te, a-ia 6ora cohmh 3 namoro nana 
KopoiA ApTbiyma TepHOBi) uenen h y3Ji02Rbi CBiHJiHoro, npuBCAH 
K HaM Toro BHreBrzi, a To6e 6yAeT ivnarji naHna. Ahiojot p9Ki>: 
noHTenar^i nami, ?oro aja moho mjiem 3a xbui BHTe3eM, 3a npbi- 
Kpoio Moeio CMCpTbH)? Ajie KOJH Tbi BBjamhy m Mymy exaTH. A aa 
TbiM y6paj ce b 86pOio h bcoj na KOHb h noexaji 3a Tpbi^aHOMi 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H DOBtCTH. 97 

TdLKb THxo crynoK), 60 eeiiaj, mro uomd ero aofohhth, roBope^bi: 

He 6e»bITb tot BHTe3, KOTOpblH BOAHTb TaKT> UJJLEyiO naHHj H3 co- 

60K). A KOJiH 6bijr 6JH3K0 AHi^ajioT, yBHAejie ero MiKOTa h FoBop- 
HapT>, H p3Kjia HsoTa: IlaHe Tpbimane, e^e aaTofioH) bhtcs bhtcs- 
CKHM u;6biHaeM. IlaH Tpbimae pan: IlaHH, taKT> eAe tot BHTea? tWea 
paKjia: BaTea ecT uyAHoe u»co6bi, a eAe thxo crynoK). H Tpbin^ae 
norjeAtJTb Aajeno upeA ce6e h yBHAejfb BejiMH xopomyio aapKOBrb, 
a nepeA Heio neKHaA ctHb; pene Tpbi^ae: IIoeAMO k toe i^apKBH 
noA wHyio ctHb; h noexajiH Tawi*. H peKT> HacoTe: IlaHH, to ecx 
BHTeab CTapbix BOTeaeH, ta (erp. 98) ho Binrb, ecjH Tbi 6yAein ero, 
a6o uota. A aa TbiM npbiexajH Kii iJ^apKBH, h cijrb doa ujhok) ctHbio 
B xojoAy H SBAji-b reAM-b a rojioBbi, 60 eiay 6bua rojOBa ynorfejia. 
Bhaojii ero Ahii^ojiot h CKoqbU'b BejMH 6opi>aAO, narb noaeajTB 
nrro uB^Kb Tpbiu^ae, h id noaeaHio ero 6biJi BejHH Boceji^. H bhaob- 
mbi ero nan Tpbin^ae, B'bajio»biji> rejiirb Ha rojOBy e bcko^u 
Ha KOHb, a 6biJi roTOB. H bhacj ero nan Am^ojOT Ha kohh, KHHyi 
rejMi> CBOH, H Tpbiman era noanajTb, CKO%iJb c koha, h npbiBH- 
Tajra CA BCJiMH JiacKaBO h nbiTajiH u;ahht> Apyroro: Pbmapy, raKOByio 
ecH npbiroAy Mixb wt twxi nacoB tairb ecMO ca pocTajH? XBa- 
.jiHJT> CA €My nan Tpbimanx Tairb roBopenw: KoTopwe koibckb bh- 
Teaa ihto eaAeibi pobhh HmyT, njeMA KopojA Bana wt BanoKa 
a6o KopoJA IlepeMORTa <i>paHi^eKoro, HHKOTopbie ca hb npoTHBHjra 
yAapqy MoeMy. IlaH AH^OJlOT pe^e : KoTopbiH KOJiBe BHTcan jrwfiATb 
KopojA ApTHyma, rzi TbiMi» BHTeaeui» bchm Kopyna. H aa TbiM mo- 
BHJT> Kb nany Tpbin^any: Bejin koha roTOsaTH h oamo y tbok) ao- 
pory, aaHK)« He nepny ca ao KopojiA ApTHyma. Pe^e Tpbimae: 
fl^iA TOro He Maenrb exaTH hkt, Kopoiio? H u)h peie: ^jAToromro 

eCMH HM MB^TWby TOJIKO CCMH TO6OK) HCblB. Tpbl^aH peK! t^Kb TO 

Mosce 6biTH, pbiiiopy? H u;h paicb: JIocjiajrafibiJHMAaaToCoK), aCbix 
TA npbiBej, a tofo 6bi ne b^hheji hb wahh BHTca. Pena Tpbin^aHi>: 
XoiaMO HoexaTH hk^ Kopojio ApTbiyniy, a 6yAy eaiy mobhth, kk 
Tbi CojUDbiH BHTca HaATj MBHe. AHi^ajOT paKJii: Horo 6or ne xoieTb, 
HHXTO He MoacaT yqbiHHTH: ne ecT ra CojimbiH BHTeab naA xeCe, Tbi 
BCHM BHTeacM Kopyna. H aacA paKJH: UIto yaMOBHT HacoTa, to 

C6opitm II Otx. H. a. H. 7 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



98 A. H. BECBJOBCKlfi, 

yHbiHBMO. Pyca HmoTa pana: Bbi ecre iw6a AoCpwH BirreaH, 6or 

B% KOTOpblH 3 BECB 60JnilbIB^ EJie ROJIH eCTC peRJH TO, DITO » 

pcKy, TorAbi noeAMO Kb Kopojio ApxHymy. Mhofo BHTeaen roBO- 
paTb, Emi> eCT KpoJiesa }KdHB6pa jienma eaA Meae, a rzi cana no 
co6e BtAaio, idto ccmh jenmard, aje xo^sh BeAam Kpacy naneH h 
Ao6poTy BHTeseB. A aa Tbm noexaj nae Tpbin^aH H3 cbooh HaHUHJi- 
mbiM TOBapbimoATb AHi^ajOTOM kI) Kopojio ApTBymy. BHAeBmbi 
Hx BBTesH 6biJH BSJiMH BecejiH, (cTp. 99) MHHHaioHbi mro AHqojiorb 
BeACT Toro BHTesA, a kojh Cbmh Cjesko raaxpa, xorAM BHAejH 
aHCb u^Hbie BHTeBH MRjyioTb CA BejiMH oyAHe MeSKbl CO6OK). H TaiTb 
yBomjH y maTcp ki> Kopojno ApTsymy^ a tot Kopoj MUOBajti 
BHTesH 6oitnbiy eutr nrro nnoro. H nan TpbiniaH najn> na ROjeea h 
peqa: Jlane, Hexan BtAaoT TBoe naacTBO, hijr ecrb CojimbiH Bsres 
Aei^ajiOT, npbiBej ma »ki> ejenA sa ropjio npeA Bamy sejiefiHOCT. 
H TO peirbmbi BCTajrb. Tofabi najii> na Hory Aei^ajorb h BSAaxb 
*ajy Bory h peie Kopojio h KpojieBOH: IlaHOBe, A«KyHTe nany Tpu- 
many sa moh HbiBorb, hss ueae He xotcji nory6HTH, uuaho ma npu* 
BejTb, i2iBi> AHTtd Chhom, ^a CTan KopojA ApiTHyma. PaHreBtAaTH, 
WR T^himfLWb ecTb bchh BirreaeM Kopyna no bcbu CToponaM hotu- 
peMT>, MopeM H cyxoM. H bch BHTesH paRJH: Bbi ecrre wfia AOfipbiH^ 
BvreaH, noMHjyH Baci> 6or raKi ca ecTe uyj^ne pbn^apcTBOM nocxa- 
BUH, BamoMy pbiqapcTBy eeT poBra hh 6jra3R0 he AajieKO. To bzro 
ecMO Bamy AO(5poTy bhacjih, Hexan en^a bhahm Kpacy naneH BamaH. 
A KopojeBara }KaHH6pa [h] HacoTa u;6e ca BKpacHjro niTO nafiojieH 
mofje; h BbinuH BHTean n cyAH KpojA ApTHymoBbi rjAAenbi Kpacbi 
HXy H ivAHH H3i> cyAen peKi>: Mbi ccmo nocTaBjeHbi^ a6bixM0 cyAHJH 
cnpaBeAiBBe na uu6e CTopone, aie Mni ca bhahtb mieb ecrb jenmuH 
3JI0T0 a>Tb cpa6pa, TaKi^ jienmara tofo bhtcsa nann wTnamoeKpo- 
jieBoe. A BaM mxo ce bhaht? IUhh paiura: tAKb ecH cyAHJix, h nau 
ca xaKi* BHAHT, mm niT BHTeaA Ao6poTOK) noAoCHoro nany Tpw- 
n^my, a hh naneH, KOTopaA 6bi ca npoTHBHJia nanen HacoTe. Kpo- 
jiOBard HCeHHfipa 3a to Cbijia bojimb FH'lBHa na Tbie cyAbH, hhsjh 
ne MOFJia TOMy hhhofo B^binHTH n mhofo Mbicjnua, qbiM 6bi MOFJia 
noFanCHTH Tpbin^ana, h npocHjraraBau)na,cecTpeHaaKpojiAApTHy- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no BCTOPIH, POMAHA H DOB^CTH. 99 

fflOBa, peKyqw: (crp. 100) Psmapy, 36oAaH ca c Tpbim.aHOMT>, h 
ecjH ero AoSyAem, BejHKy HecTb SyAem Mtra h« jJio6hWb HaCojis- 
moro pbmapa, a kojh uh xeCe AoCyAer, rmCbi To6t c xoro fffer, 
a 7RQ TA Ao6biJ[ HaH6ojibmbiH pbmap. FaBau^H peqe Tpbimaay: 
Pbmapy, bbjh roiOBaxH co6i KOHb, xoneMO ca noKomTOBaxH. Tpbi- 
maHi> pene: flpCphin pbmapy, Ao6pe ecH peK, rzi et u;t kojko ahhh 
»eAaj <i>opTyHbi noKycHTH. A Tairb BbiexaJi raBacvHi y synojiHOH 
36poH. 

(EHTBa TpbimaHOBa 31 FaBaoiHOMx) H kojh ca bba^jih 
Tbie BBTesH MeHbi co6ok), kojib 6hi Mon> FaBaujH, pocKHeyji 6bi 
xyw fiHTBy, raKi* ca ewy BHAejix TpbimaH xoponi h AoSpi y 36poH. 
H pene FaBauJAx: BHTe3K), BapyH ca yAapiiy noero. A xaKx ca 
u;6a yAapbiJH, ApeBa cKpymbue na UBoro yjOMiKOB h Tpecayjra 
ca nie^bijia n mbirauH. FaBauje naj Ba luAfly CTopony, a Kosb 
ero Ha APyryK). H(eHB6pa 3 AtBKaMH rjeAiia, inxo ca MeHCbiHEMH 
yqbiHBXb, aje He nosaaja, mxofibi ca Tpbin^any Hora y cxpbmeHH 
pymbua, He xojko fflxo5bi ca eny y ceAJia mxo 3Ka3HJ0. KpacHarzi 
HsKOxa BisAajia <i>ajiy rocnoAy Cory h pene: IIoMBjyH 6or nana 
Tpbintana. BHAeBmbi xo KpojeBa JKennfipa FatuBana na 3eMJH, h 
BejMH cepAHxa 6bua, ne scajOBajia cnaAeHarzi FaBaa>HOBa, kojiko 
acaiOBaja ptqen HsoxHHbix. KopojieBaA nijia y u)6ei](HbiH naiaii 
jcy BBxedeM h pene hm: IIo^xoBaHbie BHxe3H Hamoro KopojA Ap- 
xHyma, 3a nacxb 6ohk> h Ky bojih bchm BHxe3eMi> h naHnaM'b 360- 
AaHxe CA c TpbinvtHOM, a kojh xxo 3 nac Ao6yAex TpbHE^ana, uih 
noBbimbix Becb ABop KopojA ApxHyma, a ccjh wb nacb AofiyAex, 
B xoH E2Miy He 6yAex maAHoe ranSbi, 60 u)hi> ecxi> bchm BHxe3eM'B 
Kopyna. H b xoxi> ^ac bch ca y6pajH h BctjH na kohb h BOjaiH 
KT> nany Tpbimany: Bapyn ca BAapny Moero. 

(BflXBa Tpbin^anoBa 31 BHxesHB KopojA ApxHyma) H 
KOxopbiH KOJiBeKi) opbimoj Ha BAape!^!) nana TpbimanoB, KoaeAbm 
naAa.i'b3aK0Hb,Hxara 6HXBa xpbiBa-ia xpbi ahh. A KrAw BHAeja Kpo- 
jieBara, mxo HtxxHH aAHoro BHxe3AyABope KpojiCBOM, KoxopwH 6bi 
36HJ Tpbimana, xojiko ca cnoAenajia na An^aajioxa h npocnja ero 
roBopeibi: ^ofipwH pwi^apy AHuojioxe, cCoAan ca c TpbI^^aHOM^>, 

7* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



100 A. H. BECEJIOBCKIH, 

aqeH 6bixM0 6bUH toCoeo noBbimoHbi. Ahij^ojot peK: HoMy ma niJiem'b 
K juoTOH CMepxH B^api^ TpbimaaoBy? YA to Mymy B^ibiHHTH. A 
3aTbiM^ peKT* TpbimaHy (cxp. 101): Pbmapy, KajKbiKom roTOBaxH 
co6t, a B6HpaH ca bi 36poK), xo<ieMO ca KomTOBaTH. H uih peKi>: 
Pbiij^apy, HtT HH If ABoro pbii^apa c krm 6bix ca TaK paA KomTOBaj, 
tdiTb c T060K), saHioac ecjiH ma Ao6yAemi>, T0MAA06bUHaMHjeHmbiH 
TOBapbim H HafiojbnibiH BHTesb^ a kojh tzi Te6e AoCyAy, to ecMH ao- 
6biJ HaMMeHmoro TOBapbima h HaCojmoro BHTesA. Hhhuh 6aqbU'B 
ecH, r^KOBa mb 6bua Moi^eard 6HTBa sa Tbie rpbi ahb? A^h mh poKi> 
TOH Chtbo uahh ACHb. AtiT>uoJOT pe^c: HeroAHOTo6tu)TMeHepoKy 

npOCHTH AHA, U)3MH C06t pOK^ DATHaAIiaT AHHH, 6yAem CO MHOK) 
MiTH MOI](HyK) 6HTBy, HHHC CO BCHMH TbIMH BHTCaV. A A^A TOFOTaKHH 

poK nojOHCbijra, hs BtAan> Ahuojot am ao Toro poKy ycxoqcT Tpbi- 
maH 6hth ca. H qacTj 6bij noexaTH TpbimaHy ao CBoero CTapy, h 

nOKJORBBmbl CA KOpOJK) H KOpOJCBOH H BHTeaeMl), H XOT^J C HHM 

noHTH Ahuojiot, h ynpocHJia ero KopoJCBararoBopeHbnPbmapyAoe- 
pbiH, He HAH Tenep, nyjiH ccmo mm. MacT npbiHTH Kopojib CaMi)CHHn> 
ujt HopHoro uiCTpoBa na ABop KopojA ApTHyma. A aa TbiM npwe- 
xarb Kopojn> CaMcnac^ h pe«ie: BtMi>, KopoJio, mm cch bchmi> Kopo*^ 
jCM-b Kopyna, aja Toro ccmq npbiexaji, mm BeMi» y Te6e Ha(5ojbmbix 
BHreseH; a bm bhtcsh, KOTopbie MHjyere naucTBO KpojA ApTHyma, 
Hexan KOToporo rd nacL Ao6yAy, nexan rd uaAi) hhm bojchI), a ecjra 
KOTopbiH 3 Baci> MCHC AoGyACT, HexaH 6yAeTb bojoh naAO mhoh). 

H BHTe3H a TOMl) fibUH BCiMH BeCCJbl H yfipajTO CAy36pOH, HKO?K- 

AbiH 3 HHx HCCAaii nepBCH npbiHATH 6HTBy uAHH DcpeA ApyrHHiiCb 
CaMCHHtOMi Ky BOJH KopojK) ApTHymy. 

(BHTBa CaMCH»a KopojA 3i> pbii^apbi ApTHyma KopoiA) 
A 3a TbiMi> Kopojb GaMCHHc yapyiKbij'b ca h Bckrb Ha KOHb h 6hji 

CA 3 BHTe3MH KOpOJCBblMH, H KOTOpblH KOJIBG DpbimOJi Ha yAapCa 

CaMcmsoB, namoji ca 3a kohcm. H 36hj Kopojb GaMCHni> aAHHuaA- 

UfLT BHTe3eB. A 3aX0Ttj0 CA AHT>I^OJIOTy nOHTH OpOTHB CaMCHKy. H 

ROJH CA noTKajH, Apena nojioMajH Ha mhofo mTyKi h BAapbuni ca 
njCHbiMa, Sim hoa a6eMa kohh najH. Ahuojot cnajrb c roha, a Kpojn> 
CaMCB»n> noBHC na kohh h ne Aocraj ca c kohcmi. H roBopbUB bh- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPIH, POMAHA H nOBtCTH. 101 

TesH KpoJA ApTBymoBbi: He ecT noHnHceea 6HTBa HambiMiBHredCM, 
(5o iv6a c KOHeH cnajH. Kopojb ApTHynn> pene: He Mo(cTp. 102) 
memo noCirroe 6HTBbi Ha Horax nocTaBHTH, tot Birred 6HTBy Ao6bu, 
KOTopbiH CA c KOHeM He pocTaJi. A 6bii Kopojb ApTHymi MHjrb 
BHTeseMi, a bhtosh eMy; h peHeKpojib:BojK)noBTH3MonMHBHTe3MH 

B HopHblH UiCTpOBT* B TeMHHay KpOJIA CaMCHHCa, HffiKJra TyT IWCTaT 

u;t vaLXTb. H Bdpy^biji ca Kpojb ApTHymi» h Bctji Ha kohb b pe^e 
Kopojuo CaMCHmy: Bapyo ca B^apy Moero. 

(EHTBa KopoJEA ApTHyina 3i> CaMcnacoM'b) H norbKajH 
CA KopojQ Ha BAapei;, h Kopojio CaMCHacy jiaTBeHmaA Sbua 6HTBa 
H3 ApTHymoH, HHHCJH 3 HaHeHoibiM BHTe3eH'b c Tbix ero a>AHHHaA- 
lUiTH BHTe3eH. H naji> ApTHym^ Kpoib AajeKo a>T koha, a hotom 
Kpojb^ CaM'bCH;K noBejTb KopojA ApTHynia h ero BHTeBH, a Tbie be- 

Te3H ero 6bUH BeJMH CHyTHH, KOJKAblH 6hU CjI^ATj KJUTh CMyTKy. 

Pe^e Ahiiojiot Kopojio: Hane, MbicJibMo, tziK 6bixM0 6bjJB 
npocTbi UJT pyKH CaMCHHcoBbi; ecjie ho CyAeMO npocTbi Tpbima- 
hoh, a HHbiM BHTeseM ne fiy^eM npocTbi. H npbiSBajH k co6'k Hte- 
HH6py KopoJieny h pene Ahuojot: HaHH, hohah naHAH nana Tpw- 
lUaHa H noBeAan eMy, mTO ca naAi) naMB yqbiHHJio, h u^t Mene eny 
mob: HpocB^ TA Ahi^ojiot tboh HaMHJimbiB TOBapbim: Pbii^apy, 
ecJiH He 6yAeM0 to6ok) npocTH idt Hopnoro ujcTpona TeMHH^bI 
KopoJA GaMCHHa, TorAbi naM yMepeTH y ero TeMHHi^bi. A Kopojena 
ffljia BejiMH nocnemHO h CTpfeTHJia wAHy A*BKy h peKJia en: ^tBKO, 
Moaeni jib mh dito noBCAarH uj nany Tpbimane? CUnara A^BKa peqe: 
HaHH, tv KOM nbiTaenn>? ToMy BHTe3H) BcerAw ecT AOMa, a rocnoAa 
ero Ha kohh. KpojieBard noexajia u)t Toe a'I^bkh bcjimh CMyTHa h 
CTptTHJia ApyryK) A'feBKy h pe^e: ^tBKO, Mowem jib hito noBOAaTH 
u) nany Tpbin;aHe? H ii^na peKJia: HaHH, ta TeCe ne Bnaio, mro ecH 
3a nana h ujTKy.ib ecH h raKx To6e hma, ajie BH«y ta AoCpyio na- 
HioK), ajie CMyTHy. Kojih ma nbiTaemT) y,v nany Tpbimany, ajia ero 
AoSpoTH rzi TH xoqy noBCAaTH. BtAaem nepBoe npbiCTaHHn;e, a b 
Toro npbicTaHHnxa mhofo cyAbA, h nepBO B6a%iffl cyA'bHO nana 
TpbiiuaHOBO BXKpamoHO napjibi h AoponiM KaMeHCMi); a ecJiH ero 
B TOMi cyAHe He Oy^eTb, h Tbi ero TaMi nbiTan, na KOTopoM CTany 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



102 A. H. BECEJI0BCKI8, 

Kpacy H Becejibe Ha6ojnioe yspbim, 60 to as jno6HT. 7Rem6psL 
KpoJieBara noexaja utb Toe jifkBm secejia h cKopo ysHAejia (cTp. 
103) Toe npbicraHHiiie, nosHaja cjaho naaa Tpbiiii,aHOBO no flo- 
BecTo iDHoe AtBKo H 6biJia BejMH paAa. U 6jih3ko Toro cyAna MHoro 
craHOB BHTedCKHxi} 6bijio; Tard oaeH BHAeJia nepeA oiHbisrb CTaHOH 
AtBKy H nonua k hch h peqe: Ilpomy ta, a'I^bko, Koe CTae Tpbi* 
ii;aH0B? H iDHa peKja: KoToporo nbiraenii, nepeA Tbi» CTanoif cto- 
Hm. H KopojieBatzf Oes-b BtcTa Bjit3Jia b CTanib a CKopo noiaia 
roBopbiTH nany TpbintaHy, rdRi noBejnb Kopoji CaifCHac KopoJA 
ApTByma 3 ero pbii^apbi. H en^e peKja: Pbii](3py, mobhjii> To6e 
Ahc^ojeot tboh HaMHJibmbiH TOBapbimi: ecjiH ne 6yAeM BbiCBofioseHbi 

TO6OK) CUT TeilHaabl CaMCBHCa KpOJA, to MyCHMO TaM DOMpeTH. A 

BTOT Hagi oaHi* TpbiniaH no^ibiBaji'B, Em BqopaninbiH Aeeb 6ejica 3 

B&IHKHMH BnTe3M0 H A06bIJI ABaHaAI^aT pbmapOB H MtJI paHbi He 

BejiBRHe, H A^A Toro jiesaji. 

A KOJR cjbimaJi peibi KopojieBoe, B3AJi'b iitqi> b roiOBax 
H CTpecnyji Tairb npyAKO, sltr a paHi KpoBx no nocTejH noTeKJia; h 
BHAeBmbi TO H»coTa peqe: IlaHH Tbi KopoieBara KopyHOBanara, rdRi) 
ec0 Tbi npbimja ki> Ha6ojibmoMy BHTeaio c neqajHbiMn peqMH? To6t 
6bijio npbiHTHTHxoH iDTBopbiTHMAKKHe ycTa Ha THXHC GeceAbi^ Hexan 
6bi CA BHTe3K) cepiia na xpaSpocT u)6poTffjio. KopojieBara peKia: 
JlaHH HHOTa, rziKi aama ubicjib po3Ha! Tbi Hai^AHeHmard nanH na 
CBtTe a Maemi) BOAie ce6e CBoero naaa, y kom HaAew Macnii, tw 
ero Moacem yqbiHHTB 3AopoBa naSojieH ao AeceTH ahbh, a u BHAeja, 
FAt noBCAen hoh naHi> Kopojb ApTHymi> h ero BHTe3H. H no- 
rjiAHyji naffb Tpbimaa cepAHTO na HacoTy aj^a peqen KopojCBoe 
HCeHH6pbi. 

6'6AaK)qbi HacoTa ujSbiqan TpbimanoB'B, hscb eMy mhjo Becejie, 
H noxBaTHjra KopojeByw 3a pyny h noqajia HrpaTH ropaTaucKHH 
TSLuen'b BOJiMH neKHe, H ajatofo noqaiocA cepna nany Tpbimany na 
xpa6pocT wSpaqaTH, h peqe FoBopaapy: /tan mh jwthk). H noqaJii 
HPpaTH BejMH i^yAHe, h a6eMa nanflM h nany Tpwrn^any Hcnoj- 
HHjio CA cepi^3 BeceieM cjiyxaioqw jiiothh. IIotom nan Tpbini,aHi» 
peqe H«OTe: HanpaB mh cyAHO h nojioaw mh y hcm xjit6a h BHna; 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 103 

upbiBMaMi To6t BepoH) pbii^epcKOK), a6o bih uicraTE c KopojieirB 
ApTBymoM y TeMHHabi CaMiCHHcosoH, aji6o mh BbiaaojiHTH KopojA 
ApTHyma h ero BHresa. (cTp. 104) Jlwora pene: IlaBe, MOHem 
DOBTH KOJiB CyAem SAopoB. Peqe TpbimaHi}: Mory JieHbii ca BAyqu 
rziK^ H jeiKSHbi, H»^'b KOTopbie paBbi noA^b sSpoeio ynape, Tbiu'B 
jitKapa Be Tpe6a. BHAeBmu HHCOTa, rnxo ae Moaeerb ero yaATH, 
pene: IlaBe, TBoe cyAHO ecT yKpameaOi fotobo, a jierKo mo;kho 
ycTaBHTH CTpaBbi fl Bflfla. TorAbi ymoji Tpbin^as y cyAao a HsoTa 
H FoBopaap'b h Kpojeaa H^eaaCpa; a kojib ca uiToaxayjni wt 
Cepera, Btxpii ycraji, a Mope ca aaAyJO, a ae saua, ta* npw- 
CTanr. Ilpocaja }Keaa6pa Tlmory roaope^bi: Ilaka, rd ca ae 
yqbua ao Mopy xoabtb, npoca aaaa Tpbiaiaaa, a6bi aejieji yaa- 
saTB apbicraaHnte, a mm 6bixMo ysAajia xaajiy Bory, KOTopbiB aac 
aaCaBRTb MopcKoe cuepTB, BBAe^bi Tpbiaiaa, mTo aa Boxbaax'b 
HopcKBxi>, B3AI jiioTBO B Bo^ajTb HrpaTB, H Kojni flrpai HeMajio, 
BH aiAaard aaaa ae A^aja u) apbicraaaaibi, TaK nwb 6hixo memo 
cjiyxaTB. ToFAbi peK Tpbiujiaa MopaapoM'b.v IIpbiCTaBTe aacb Kb 
opbicraaBmy, Aa ssAaAHMi <i>ajiy rocaoAy Cory, rnxo aac H36a* 
BBjTb MopcKoe CHepTB B IDT ppoxa. H npbicraBHiB Mopaape ao^'b 
oiABB saHORi, TAe Cbijo AoCpoe apbiCTaaan^e, aje sjbiB u)6biqaH. 
TyT apbiBAjra Tpbiaxaaa JEacaaae a abiraja ero: BBTeaio, mTO 
To6* Tbie aaaabi? H iva peai: Cecrpw mb cot; yKaaaji JKeaaCpy, 
peqe: to mb cecrpa CTapmara, a yaasaj II«OTy: a to mb cct mo* 
jioA'binard. H uiaflpeRja: IIoMBJiyB sacb 6orb, aje aarAi^ ecHO Taai 
tuABOCTaaaoro poAy ae BBAajra. Ilaa Tpbiai,aa peqe: BaTeaio, ae 
paqTe 3a ajie h^tb u) uito aac cnbiTaM^ 60 b aamoa seMja aa to 
ae ahbat: 60 ecjia 6bi BtAaj; TaAbi 6bi ae nbiTaji. (A)bb peajni: 
BBTesK), Tyr u^CbiqaB AoSpwa, nuTaa rnxo tb Tpe6a. Peqe Tpw- 
maa: (A) tomt> Bacb abiTawb, BB«y Bac u)Co6bi Kpacabi, aae qoMy 
ecTe TaK CjitAbi? (Waa CMy peKia: Hbi ae B^Aaemx TyTomaero 
vD5biqaH)? ToMy saMKy ecT naai cvAaa aaaaa, KOToparzi Myaca ae 
3aaeT, a TaKOSbia tuCbiqaa Maer: XTOKOJiseR y Toe apbiCTaaaoie 
apwcTaaex, bbxto ea ae CMierb qoaoMi* yAapbiTB, ccjb ae CyAex 
Bajtamaa; a Tbi pbiippy, ecm-^ ecT Bajiamaa, yAap ea qojOH. Peqe 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



104 A. H. BECEJOBCKlfi, 

Tpbin^aHi: Mhofo ecHH xoahjii Mopeii h cyxoM, a He BHAeji ecMH 
TaiTB sjnoro uiSbiqaio; tahko BaMii mro ero TepoHTe, a Hain> (cxp. 
105) MOffie 6biTH, nrro 6or a^ct. ^aere mh koha h sCpoio, h no- 
eAy, VJUTKOje ecMO npbiexajH. (A}hh peKia: Pbiaapy, Morjin 6bi ca 

TOrO AOMblCJHTH H HHlIDbie pbIA3pbI, a6bl CA TO MOFJO CTdTH. H 

noHMajH Tpbim^aHa h BKHHyjH b TeMHm^, a b toh TeMBHUbi 6buo 
ABaeaAi^aT Bwresen wt ceMH x&tb, h Tbie 3mobjajh ca: ^anuo ca 
3BaianiaTH, JientH HaMi> yMepem na CBere, hh»ci> y TCMHBEibi. H 
OAHH wT BBxi} pene: (A} Come moe, a to b Haci> nan TpbioiaHl A 
Apyrra BHTesb peHe: 4oMy ca yspaAOBai Ha6ojibraoro bhtcsa Jier- 
KOCTH, a HamoH nonifieJiH? (Wh peie: He paAyK) ca ta Toaiy, mTO 
Tbi roBopbim, aje paAyio ca HamoMy (junpoii;eHiio, a ero noHCTeabK), 
60 ra BtATB, mTO yAfleT yqbiHHTH oae Tpbiiii,aH 3 MeqoMib. H 6hiM 
J tuBoe naHHbi ABa 6paTbi, ujahh aaA neio crapmbiH, a APyi'HH mojioa- 

niblH; TOTb MOJIOAUIblH 3aBHAM, KOJH XOTtXb, TOFAW MOBHJTb CC- 

crp^, aje CTapinuH He CM'kjrb. U peqe ee MOJiOAmbiH 6paT: 
IlaflHO, HexaH wsMy ojHoro BHTe3A cecTpy CTapmyK) sa CpaTa, a 
MOJOA'bmyK) 3a ce6e. (Wna emy pene: 6cjih mh CyAera w tom 
6oJU>ineH mobhth, po3Jiyqy ta 3 AymoH). H vjb noraojb boht> h 
BHAejn 3KeHH6py h HatOTy, a whh ctoat, bcjimh i^yAne yfipajra 
ca; h pene co Bcero cepc^a: Kojih 6bi xoTejia oohth sa Hene TaA 
MOJiOAinarzi, m 6bix em^e MOBEXb cecTpe cboch! H npbimoji'b k hhu 
H peqe HmoTe: IlaHHO, ecjH ra ynpomy cecTpe Moce, xoqein jh 
noHTH 3a MOHe, a MOHceH nycTHTH 6paTa Bamoro? HmoTa peRja: 
IlaHHi^, HaMT* HiT HHqoro mh^ch 6paTa Hamoro, KOTopbiH bi tcm- 
BBnjbi BamoH. A HOCHJia HacoTa noA cyKHeK) wkni* Tpbin^aHOB; b 
tuHbiH naHsa peqe: Mory m AaTH Ban BHAeTH 6paTa Bamoro, ajie 
wTKaacbi MH w MHJOCTH, fflTO w ToC* MOBHJTb. flwoTa peqe: (Waho 
Tbi npocH cecTpbi CBoee. B tot qacT> HatOTa BKHHyjia M^qi^ b 

TeMHHOy, H B3AJI'b HBH TpbI^^aH•b Mtqi B'b cBoe pyKH, a moxb 
Ky BOpOTaMT) TOMHHqHblM'b, a 3a HHM1> Tbie BHT63H BbimJH C TOM- 
HHabi; H KOJH HX y3pijra TaMOmHHC BHTe3H, H nyCTHJIH CA K HHM 

yjHi^aMH XBaTawqbi kohxa b pyKH h Meqyqw rejMbi Ha rojiOBbi^ 

mTO Tdm H nepBtH A06l>IBaJIH ca C TeMHHI^bl BBTe3H, hh^jh duhatk 

Digitized by Google 



no HCTOPIH, POHAHA H nOB^CTH. 105 

HTL SarOHHBaJIH. H tUAHH \X)T HHX1> BeJOIH Xpa6pbIH nepBO HHBIX 

npBifiirB Kb Tpbimany, xoxeqbi cro yraaxH y TeMHHiyr; xoaiy 
BHresH) nojier&ia rojiOBa AaieKo wt Tpyna. IlaHii Tpbin^aHi no- 
qajTb HbiHHTH secTOKHe (crp. 106) BAapii^bi, b b KoroKOJiBeiTB yBH- 
Aei Konxe b pyRaxi> a6o rejiMi> ea rojiOBe, tofo KaacAoro sa- 
6u. A 6bu ivfibiqaH Toe nanebi, nac hh npoxHB idahofo BHresA 
He pymbua ca 3 irlcraa, kojih ea <iojioin> BAapbui. A KTAbi qe 
cnoBeAajB w Tpbinmny, a uina na sojiotom yarojioBK) nocHbiKaja 
CA rdK 3MBm Ha Kyne^ a kojh BH^eja nana Tpbintana y ABepexi 
najaAy CBoero, xairb CKOHbua BejMH npy^KO, crperHjia ero na- 
cepeA najaoy, a BOAa no norau Teicja, h noRjiAKi>Hyjia nepeA Tpu- 
mimowb. H nan Tpbin^an yxBaxHJi ee aa Bepxi rojiOBbi h ctajtb 
rojiOBy, KHHyjii boh AajeKO roBope«ibi: HexancA neAepxa^bir 3ju>ih 
BBKOH y ToiTB uiCTpoBe. H norjieAtjii> Tpbi^au no najiaqy, ecr 
jiH Tyr BHTe3H, ajie hc 6bijio bbkofo, pa3Be u^aho nanA, en^e ne 
6hu nocraBJieH BHTeaeMii. H npuoiJio eiiy na yHi, mKb ero yBH- 
AejTb, peie: Hbi ho too to uaHHbi Cpax, raro xoxeji b3ath HatOTy? 
H nomoji c hbm boh. H peqe }KeHH6pe h Hacoxe: IlaHH, roAeHi> 
JDI TOT naHHq rojOBy cTpaxHT? Hacoxa peqe: riane, mm ho paAH hh 
wAHOH CMepTH, ajie npocBXb TOTnannq Mene. H Tpbini,aH CMy ctaji 
rojOBy. }KeHa6pa peqe: IlaHH, HOMy to ecH yqbiHBJia? HanoTa peqe: 
IIoqcTeHarii nanB^ u BHacy Tenep naxypy nana Tpbin^aHS^, kojih 6bix 
CMy npaBAbi He noBOAaja, ne Btifb mio 6bi ca 3 naMH yqbiHHJO. A 
noTOU CA BHTe3H co6pajra yB-o6euHbiH najai^ib, h naHi> TpumaHb 
Bejiejrb npbiBecTH k co6i bch kohh h 36poH too nan^Hb] h Aapo- 
Baji Tbix BBTe3eH, KOTopbix 3acTaji y TeMHHi^bi, KaacAoro kohcm h 
36pocK), h enie hmi peqe: 6HTe3H, Bbi sAaJH bbihth na CBtT vjt 
neKOJiKa Jitx, a Tenepi xto mxo xoqeTb, nexaH co6t 6epeT. Tbie 
BHTe3H BOjniH HOKopHO noAAKOBajH naHy Tpbin^any h mobhjh my: 
Pbii^dpy, KOJHi Tbi nacb onpocTBjrb ujt CMepTH, Mbi xoqeM hohth 
c T060H) h xoqeM BaMi> cjiyacbiTH. H TpbintaHi> peKi>: 6HTe3H, 6yAb 
BaM AARa KJUT BHTe3eB H uiT naneH, hito ma qacrycTe nesbi co6oh), 
aj6 CA MHOK) He neqajiyHTe, noHAHTO b AOMbi Banibi, a ROTopbiH 
3 BacT> ycxoqeT HaaeaTH ca nany AH^OJlOTy cjyroio, a mhoh) Tpw- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



106 A. B. BECEJIOBCKIH. 

n^EHOM AM-bf XO^iy TOrO BqblHHTB TOMy SaMKy H Tony OpblCTaHHO^ 

naHOMi>. n peqe c hex a>AHH BBTe3 HMeHeMi> AMOAopi: IlaHe, ra xo^ 
6biTH cjyroM) nany Asi^ojiOTy to6ok) naHOHi TpbioiaHOM Aae. H naei 
TpbimaH TOT 3aifOKi> h npbicTaHHmo eny Aajn> jua tofo, a6bi ca 
(cTp« 107) 3Baj HEMHJieHinoro Tosapbima ero cayra. U roBopbui 
Tbie BHTe3H: (A) Ham mijibiH 6o»^e, raKi mhofo MbicjiHTb nan Tpu- 
niaH DOBbimeHeBTb Ani^ojioTOBbiM! IIoiiHjyH ero 6or. A dotom naa 
Tpbin^aH nycTHj ca ea Mope ao Kopojia CaMCHsa BejMH nocnemHO| 
H opbicraji B Apyroe npbiCTaHHn^e, KOTopoe to npbiCTaHHoio Bejun 
xopomo, a rpaAi^ Kpacea h bch tuCbPiaH Ao6pbie Htjn>, tojhco wahh 

3paAlHBbIH KpblSKHaK, TOT CbUTL MHOFO A06bUl> BpaAOK) H 6bIJI BH- 

HeHb raH6oK) BHreaeM h nanHaH, a TaKOBbiH u)6biHaH Mtii>: Koas* 
Aoro rocTA 3paAHe aaOHBajrb h craTKH ero 6pai. H kojih ca npu- 
CTaBHj'b nan Tpbinmn c Tbimi oanAHH, B3flji y pyKH juothh) h no- 
qajTb HrpatB BejMH ncKHe. IIpbinijH bhtcbh tofo FpaAa cjiyxaTH 
Toro Becejra h too KpacoTbi, h npbiHAe s hhmh apaAJiRBbiH Kpus- 
HaiTb, H FOBopbiJiH: ToTb BBTea He Ha sjo cosAan, aie Ky BbiTes- 
CTBy CTBopeH. Hhxto 6hU'b cbiT cjiyxaioibi too jeiothh, a iDHbiB 

SpaAlHBblB KpbI«HaKT> HOMbimJAJTb, mKl> 6bl y6HJI TOFO BHT63fl HpU 

Tbix AByx naHHaxi, b FOBopbui: H m2m sjoTa h cpeCpa b bcakoo 
KpacoTbi, D3T0 ecMB A0(5bijn> 3paA0H) H 6e3ne?H0CTbK) Moeio, h en^e 

KOJH 6bm TOMy BHTe3K) npbl ClJHblX DaHHaXl) FOJIOBy CTAJ, TO 6hl 

HH AOCbiT 6oF yqbiHBJE. Wt tofo Hacy b ao Hoqbi xoabj spaAHbiH 
KpbiHCHBK aKOJio Tpbiu^aHa, xoTe^bi a5bi cfo iiofi> 3a6HTB, aje 
TOFO He MOF AOBecTB H peic: MowcT no pany hobth na Miny, a 
ra CFO AosKA^y 3a MypoM b TaKT> emy xony FJiasy ctath. AaR 
BA^T nan Tpbiaian na Mmy k toh qapKBB, a 3a bbmi HsoTa 
M'kq Hecjia, a KpojiCBam iKenHfipa uibirb, a BBTe3B, KOTopbie hx 
BBAejB, FOBopbiiB: To ecT HaSojinibiH BBTe3 b nai^yAHeBinbie naHBbi, 
A KOJIH 6hijm 6JB3K0 i^epKBB, HacoTa peqe Tpbimany: Ha tb uk^rb. 
BHTe3K), BapyB CA yAapy ApyFOFO BHTe3A. Tpbin^aHi> nepBCH Meqa 
Ao6bu BU7RXH CA (ju6epHyj, aaci ctoht BBTe3b 3 HaFBM'b Meqoifb 3a 
MypoM, xoTAqbi tath Tpbimana. IlaH Tpbiman nacKoqbui na hcfo, 
B wT iwAHOFo BAapy cnaja FOJOBa KpbiaiHaKy. TpwntaH peKT>: ««!> 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no 0CTOPIH, POMAHA H nOB^CTH. 107" 

eCMH CTaJ BHTe3eMl>, HH 31> OAHblM BHTe3eMX TaK npOCTOrO 60K) eCMH 

He npocxep, mni 3 chm BHTe3eM; Toro mh msub. PeicjH eMy BHTesH 
Toro rpa^a: Hexan u;ht> 6ojain> xoro He CyAex 3pft»^TH,ji Toeixo- 
rfej TbiM «o nocjyatbiTH. TpbimaHy to 6buo HeMHJO mto ero BGnM-h^ 
HHHiiaji H3Ri> 6bi ero xyroinHHe BHTe3H Bbi3biBaTH na 6HTBy m^jih 3a 
KpbiHCHana, 60 ca nocnemaj k KopojiH) (cxp. 108)GaHCHsy. HicrAbi 
Tpbin^aH npumoj b iiapKOBi, opbimifl k neiiy BHTesR rpaAa tofo 
c naHi>Haiifl n mobbjib eMy: Pbin^py, Bd^^sneno th 6yA& bchmh bh- 
TesBiH, mro ecH Haif BbiRHHyjrb 3JibiH 3aK0H wt Ao6poro npucxa- 
HBH^a. IIoHAH 3 HaMH, HOAaAHMi fo6t Bce HMeHe ero, 60 Toe HM'i^abe 
Baifb nperoso, a HHKOMy HHOHy Aa TOBiy, KOMy Tbi AacH, 60 Tbi HaA 
TbiRfb BOJeH-b, mm. ecMO TaRi peiUH: wt kofo eMy CMeprb 6yAeT, 
TOMy HMtH€ ero. Ilomoji naa Tpbia^ani c tmmh BHTe3MB, whu eMy 
yKasajiH idahm cKieobi h wTOMKHyBmbi peKjra: Pbiaapy, to ecT TBoe. 
BHAejii TpbimaH y rlxii cKjenex mhopo bcakopo Ao6pa po3- 
jfiRHOPO, 30Ji0Ta B cepeGpa h nepejfb h Aopoporo KaMOHm, h bob- 
Koro pa3JiH«iHoro KaMtnbA h TOBapy. IlaH Tpbi^aH nonajb Ae- 
jHTfl Toe Ao6po pbu^apoM h naHHaMi> h KOMyKOjrBOK'b poaho Cbijio. 
A xaiTb H epo AapoBajH BHTe3H topo ppaAa POBope^bi: (loBbimeH 
6yAb BHxedH), nrro ecH sapyfiHJi 3paAJiHBapo KpbisKHaKa. Tpbin^an 
TyTi> tuaoqHHyji HeKOJRO AHeBi> b pene KopojeBOH TKeHofipe h Kpa- 
CHOH HmoTe: no^ieHbie naHoe, u)to BHAHTe npbiPOAbi nanibi na ceH 
Aopo3e; a ecjni TbiM u)6biHaeMi npbraAeMi> Kb Kopoito GaMCHsy 
K ^opHOMy wjcxpoBy, He BtMT> niTo CA w Hac yibiHHT, a He 
TOJiKO niTO 6bixM0 KopojA ApTHyma h epo BHTe3H tunpoCTUH. 
lUflbie naHBe peKjiH: IlaHe Tpbin^ane, xota CbixoMi xoahjh MopeM 
H cyxoM, He HamjiH 6bixoMi> TaKOPO nopaA'biiibiy rnKh Te6e. IlaH 
TpbioiaH BejiejTb co6t cKpoHTH jiaTbiHCKHe maTbi h FoBopnapy 
CBoeMy, a TbiM naHAM tu6eMa MHHm'bCKHe maxbi, h Haiuaj y cyAHO 

BCAKOPO p03JniqH0P0 TOBapy H yqblHHJI ca JraTblHHHKOM H nycTHJi 

CA Ha Mope, H peqe MopnapOMii: Be3HTe nac k HopnoMy ivcTpoBy. 
M a>TonxxHyjra ca, h kojh mm no Mopy PAt AaJicKO tuT npbiCTa- 
HHHi,a, TOPAbi Tpbintan 3aBWAbi y jiothk) Hppajrb, a TbiMT> naHAMT> 
cepi^a BecejHJi. A hotom npwcTaj k HopnoMy uicrpoBy ujxoKy. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



'l08 h. H. BECEJIOBCKIB, 

H BbimeAmbi BHTe3B KopojiA CaMCHiKOBM^ mjiH K Heny mro 
Ha6op3AeH, 60 TaKHH. tudbiHaH Kpojib CaMCHs Mtxb: tuT Koro 6bi 
koJiBeK cyAHO npbimjio, TorAbi npbixoAe^bi BHresH 6pajra mro xo- 
TejH, a TOTb Kyneu, mro onoBCAaer idto b eero bsato, to KopoA 
njaTHT 3a BHTesH. (crp. 109) H peqe TpbinjiaH Mopeapy: (AJtoxbh ca 
ivTKpafo, 60 ra BtAaH) KopoJA CaMCHa^OB tu6bi<iaH|aecjnixT0BiieHe 
cDSHer HCeHH6py a6o Hhcotv, ho Maer uwi Kopojb CaMCH^R^iuifaa- 
njaTHTH, a sjora h cpe6pa h m aocmt Maio. A sa TbiM saKJHRaji 
roBopeibi roBopaapii: To xoaht iwahh KyneB^, a xotoxb 6bi cboh 
TOBap npoAaTfl, eexaH euy KrBajrry ee GyACT. H cdhh peKjiH: Kyme, 
mJuoOjer rocnoAap Kopojb s bch BHresH^ ecjH 6bi ee 6bijio TBoee 
Ao6poe BOJB, a KrBajiTy tb ne 6yAeT. d nanoTOM npbicrajrb naa 
Tpbioiafl^ B pocoAJB niaTep a pocKJiajiB nepeA BBSfb poajAHBoro to- 
Bapy NBoro; b npbioioj u^ahh bbtcb ki> Tpbiin,aHy, MOBeqbi: Pbi- 
aapy AoCpbiB, AJiA Horo ca eca yqbiHBJi jaTBBBBKOMi? Peqe Tpw- 
in,aB: Mhofo jiioAea noAoCflbix BBTeaeM, m 6bix paAi^, a6bix tot 
BBTCB 6bijrb, Koro Tbi BftaBmi, ajie rzt jaTbmeHBB'b; eoiB tb hofo 
noTpe6a, Kyna, Ma&i tb ibto npoAaTB. H ujb peie: Pbinapy, ra Te6e 

3BaM, TbI TOT pbll^dp, IHTO UJBO no6ttrb Tpbl BBTOdB, nJieMeHBBROBl> 

KopojA Baaa BaaeEiKaro bi> ABope KopojA JleaBBBa yB-(A)pjieflA3B, 
Toei flirb poBBB Ao6poTOK) 6jB3K0 BB AaJieKO. Peqe Tpbin^afl: Hb 
mTo TaKT> BeivMbijAeTb, rairb napcyna lOJiOBeqecKa; kojebC Tbiysjo- 
mhu 36poK), m 6hjx MBBMajfb oito Tbi bbtcb, ajie ta 6aqy, idto eca 
6jia33Bi>, a xonem wt ueue Aapy. (A)B0My BBTesio 6buo copoirb 
bojimb b roBopbu: Haqoro ecua Taicb npbUBqaoro ae BBAejrb, i^ietb 
TOT Kynei; ko wbomj hwresK) AoCpony. H nbrraiB €ro aambic bb- 
Te3B: JlaTbiaaae, niTO ecrt Tofife Tbie naaac? Tpbintaa peKi*: To 
MB cecTpbi, a)Aaa cTapmaA, a ApyraA MOJiOAmaA. H uibb noBOAajB 
KopoJiH) CaHCBsy roBope%i: Oaae, KOTopwa Kynei; mjiiofiy npo- 

CBJ[, eCTb C BBHl ABt AeBKB COCTpbl, aJO 6bIXM0 Ha Kpbl« CBirb 

npomjB, i^Aaeanibix 6bixM0 ae HamjiB, aje mTO MOJiOA'bmarzi 6ijia 
raKi nanepb a Kpacaa rziKi poHa; ecja 6bi-c xoTeji, mop 6bi bx 
RynBTB. H mojL caHi Kopojb CaMcaac, a6bi axi* BBAejrb, a npbiBAe 
Kx maTpy Tpbimaaoay a peie: 3AopoB, jiaTbiHBHe, Tpbinjiaa noTSK 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



no HCTOPm, POBIAHA H nOB*CTH. 109 

K HSMy H n03A0p0BHJI CFO, H AHBHJH CA KpOieBbI BHTe3H, ITIK MHCTepee 

TOT jiaTbmeHHH ao KpojA KHByi; 3 Hac 6bi Toro hhxto TaKi> He bhm- 
HHj. KopojiB moxB B maTep H30CTajT> u^Hbie naeiie Bmaxbi Hrpaio- 
TO, KOTopbie maxH Cbijni KpbimrajOBbi Bejuia neKHbi, H nbiTaj 
(cTp. 110) Kopojb: JIaTbiHBHe, idto ToCt ecT Twe naBHw? Pene 
Tpbiman: Cecrpw mh ecT. Kpoj pe^e: flpoAan mh Tbie raaxbi. H 
tuH peirb: He Moaiem un sanjiaTHTH. H Kpojb peirb: Kojh 6bix 
xotLix, rd 6bix To6t Aaji sa kohaofo n'&aiKa esKAnaJoro BirredA, a 
3a KopojiA Toro KpojA ApTHyma. A TpbimaHt peKT>: IUto ca He 
npoAacT, Toro ne Moacem KymrTH. H Kpoi peni: XIpoAan mh ce- 
CTpy MOJOAmyK), a xoiy To6i 30jiotom Tpw KpoT ee OTMtpbiTbi,.a