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Full text of "James Hayward, born April 4, 1750, killed in the battle of Lexington April 19, 1775, with genealogical notes relating to the Haywards.."

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HAYWARD 



JAMES HAYWARD 



EVERETT HOSMER BARNEY 



GEORGE MURRAY BARNEY 



Bom April 4, 1750 
Killed in the Battle of Lexington 

April 19, .1775 



With Genealogical Notes 
K el a tin 2; to the Havwards 

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Illustrated 



Privately Printed 

Springfield, Massachusetts 

1911 



A Po%ider- Horn now in possession of the Public Library^ Acion, Massa- 
cknseits. '^Janies Hayward of Acion, Massachusetts, -who was killed at Lexington 
on April iq, 177 J, by a ball which passed through his powder-horfi into his body 
Presented to the town of Acion." 

James Hayward was a great-uncle of v 

Everett Hosmer Barney. 






# 



JAMES HAYWARD 

Born April 4, 1750 

Killed in the Battle of Lexington 

April 19, 1775 



With Genealogical Notes 
Relating to the Haywards 



Illustrated 



Privately Printed 

Springfield, Massachusetts 

1911 



Copyright igii 
By William Frederick Adams 






rA 

X' 



dr 



Note. — Collecting records for one line of the 
Barney Family has resulted in the accumulation of 
other material not directly relating to the line in quest, 
but is of such value that it should be preserved. It 
is for this object that this volume is published. 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Hayward Genealogical Notes 19 

Concord-Lexington Fight April 19, 1775 39 

If Lexington is the "Birthplace of Liberty" 42 

List of Captain Isaac Davis' Company 45 

The Davis Monument, Acton, Massachusetts. ... 49 

Index 55 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

James Hayward's Powder-Horn Frontispiece 

Everett Hosmer Barney, Portrait 

Captain John Hayward's Company, List of Names 

Fisk's Hill, Lexington, Massachusetts 

James Hayward Tablet 

The Original Hayward Pump 

"Minute-man" 

"Minute-man" 

The Spirit of 76 

Captain Isaac Davis' Company 

Davis Monument, Acton, Massachusetts 

George Murray Barney, Portrait 

Stone on which Captain Davis fell 




AHAIM /i^-J^^^^^ Jo^W^^^/ 



Hayward 



I George, 1635, Concord, Massachusetts 

II Joseph 

III Simeon 

IV Samuel 

V Benjamin 

VI Aaron (married Rebecca, daughter of Joel 
Hosmer, Acton, and sister to Harriet Hosmer, 
mother of 

Everett Hosmer Barney 

and grandmother of 
George Murray Barney) 



19 



Hayward 



I — George^ Settled in Concord, Massachusetts, 

1635 

Bom 



1. Mary 



2. John 



Married Mary ( ) 

Born 

Died 1693 
He died March 29, 1671 
Children : 

Bom 



Married Richard Griffin 

Born December 20, 1640 
Married Anna White June 2, 1670 
Was constable in 1676 
Children : 

1. Mary 

Born December 5, 1671 

2. George 

Born July 20, 1673 

Married Hannah, daughter of 
John Chadwick, January 17, 
1695-6 

20 



3. Joseph 



3. Judith 

Bom April 25, 1675 

Married PhiHp Goss August 30, 
1699 

4. Mary (again) 

Born May 13, 1677 

Married John Millard, son of 
Simon, October 31, 1698 

5. James 

Born January 27, 1678-9 

6. John 

Born June 7, 1680 

Married Susanna, daughter of 
John Dakin 

7. Hannah 

Born August 30, 1682 

8. Sarah 

Born June 16, 1689 

Born March 26, 1643 

Married (1) October 26, 1665, Han- 
nah, daughter of James Hos- 
mer 

She was born Concord, 1644 

She died December 15, 1675 

Married (2) EHzabeth Tarbell 

He died October 13, 1714 
21 



4. Sarah 

Born May 22, 1645 

5. Hannah 

Born May 20, 1647 

Married Jacob Farrar about 1668 

6. Simeon 

Born January 22, 1649 

7. George 

Born July 2, 1654 

Died December 16, 1675 
Unmarried 



22 



II — Joseph^ Son of George^ and Mary ( ) 

Hayward 

Born March 26, 1643, Concord, 

Massachusetts 

Died October 13, 1714 

Married (1) Hannah, daughter of 
James Hosmer the first, Octo- 
ber 26, 1665. She was born 
Concord, 1644. She died 1675 

Children : 

1. Joseph 

Born August 17, 1666 

2. Mary 

Born September 27, 1667 

3. John 

Born February 2, 1669 

4. Hannah 

Born June 14, 1670 

5. George 

Born March 3, 1672 

6. Dorothy 

Born January 23, 1673 

Married (2) Elizabeth Tread well, 
March 23, 1676 

Children : 

7. Ebenezer 

Born June 22, 1679 

23 



8. James 

Born May 1, 1681 

9. Simeon 

Born June — , 1683 

Married October 23, 1705, Rebecca, 
daughter of John Hartwell. 
She after his death married 

Temple. She died 1776, 

aged 94 

He died May 18, 1719 
Born September 12, 1691 



10. Abial 



24 



1. Josiah 



III — Simeon^ Son of Joseph^ and Elizabeth (Tread- 

well) Hayward 

Born June, 1683, Concord, Massa- 
chusetts 

Married (1) Rebecca, daughter of 
John Hartwell, October 23, 
1705 
She, after his death, married 
Temple 

She died 1776, age 94 
Died May 18, 1719 

Children : 

Married Mary Hosmer, Acton 
Had Children: 

1. Josiah 

2. John 

3. Simeon 
And seven daughters 

Married Ephraim Jones 

Married Merriam of Bedford 

Bom 1713 

Married Mary Stevens, Marl- 
borough, Massachusetts, 
June 3, 1739 

25 



2. Mary 

3. Abigail 

4. Samuel 



She was born 1715 

She died September 18, 1797, 
age 82, Acton, Massachusetts 

He died March 6, 1791, age 78, 
Acton, Massachusetts 

Children : 

1. Samuel 

Born September 18, 1742 

Married Mary Brown Decem- 
ber 20, 1764 

Born 1744 
He died August 14, 1824 

She died May 18, 1798 
Had Mary, born June 9, 1768 

2. Paul 

Born April 7, 1745, Acton 

3. Lucy 

Born June 19, 1747 

4. James 

Born April 4, 1750 (Town 
records) 

Killed at Battle of Lexington, 
April 19, 1775 

5. Benjamin 

Born December 1, 1752, Acton 
Died October 20, 1838, Acton 

26 



5. Joseph 



6. Simeon 



6. Mary 

Born April 26, 1755 

7. Rebeckah 

Born November, 1758 

8. Stevens (Captain) 

Born 1761, Acton 

Married (1) Hannah Hunt, 
May 23, 1782 

(2) Rebecca Hunt, 
March 3, 1811 

Died October 6, 1817 (soldier 
1775) 



Married Abigail Hosmer 
Children : 

1. Simeon 

2. Stevens 

3. Joseph 

4. Asa 

5. John 

6. James 

And six daughters 

Married Sarah Hosmer 
27 



Settled in Sutton, Massachusetts, 
and had eight children 

7. Ebenezer 

of Killingly, Connecticut 



28 



IV — Samuel^ (Deacon) son of Simeon^ and Re- 

becca (Hartwell) Hayward 

Born 1713, Concord, Massachusetts 
Married Mary Stevens, Marl- 
borough, Massachusetts, June 
3, 1739 

She was born 1715 

She died September 18, 1797, 
age 82, Acton 

He died March 6, 1791, age 78, 
Acton 

Both are buried in Woodlawn Ceme- 
tery, Acton, Massachusetts 



1. Samuel 



2. Paul 



Children : 

Born September 18, 1742 

Married Mary Brown, December 20, 
1764 

He died August 14, 1824, age 82 

She was born 1744 

She died May 18, 1798, age 54 
Had Mary, June 9, 1768 

Born April 7, 1745, Acton 

29 



3. Lucy- 

Born June 19, 1747 

4. James 

Born April 4, 1750 (Town Records) 

Unmarried 

Died April 19, 1775 



(James Hayward was great-uncle of Everett Hos- 
mer Barney and great-great-uncle of George Murray 
Barney.) 



Note. — James Hayward was a member of Lieu- 
tenant Hunt's Company April 19, 1775, and was killed 
in the Battle of Lexington in the afternoon of that day. 
The ball from the British soldier's gun which caused 
James Hayward's death, first passed through his 
powder-horn and this is now in the possession of the 
Public Library, Acton, Massachusetts. 

Note. — The farm owned by Samuel Hayward and 
on which his son James Hayward was born, is now 
owned by S. R. Burroughs, West Acton, Massachu- 
setts. Part of the original Hayward house was burned 
about 1750. It was remodeled and again burned in 
about the year 1890. There is now no house on the 
farm. 

30 



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5. Benjamin 

Bom December 1, 1752, Acton 

Married (1) Lucy Hunt, April 6, 
1780, Acton 

She was born March 28, 1758 

He died October 20, 1838 

She died April 26, 1784, age 26 

Benjamin Hayward was a minute- 
man in Captain John Hay- 
ward's Company, April 19, 
1775. 

Had Children: 

1. Rebecca 

Bom 1781 
Died 1843 

2. Moses 

Born August 23, 1783, Acton 

Died 1829 

Married (2) Tabitha ( ) 

She died December 17, 1818, age 
60 years 

Had Children. 

3. Lucy 

Born September 20, 1785 
Died 1828 

31 



4. Aaron 

Born 1787 

Married Rebecca, daughter of 
Joel Hosmer, January 1, 
1818 

He died December 11, 1834 

5. Luke 

Born December 5, 1789 
Died 1825 

6. Sally 

Born July 31, 1794 
Died 1843 

7. Tabitha 

Born April 16, 1796 
Died 1879 

8. Susan (Town record is Sukey) 

Born September 29, 1798 
Died 1843 
Married (3) Rachel ( ) 

She died August 30, 1835, age 77 

6. Mary 

Born April 26, 1755 

7. Rebeckah 

Born November, 1758 

32 



Stevens (Captain) 

Born 1761, Acton 

Married (1) Hannah Hunt, May 23, 
1782 

(2) Rebecca Hunt, March 3 
1811 

Died October 6, 1817 (soldier 1775) 



33 



V — Benjamin^ Son of Samuel'^ and Mary (Stevens) 

Hayward 

Born December 1, 1752, Acton, 

Massachusetts 

Married (1) Lucy Hunt, April 6, 
1780, Acton 

She was born March 28, 1758 

He died October 20, 1838 

She died April 26, 1784, age 26 

Children : 

1. Rebecca 

Born 1781 
Died 1843 

Note. — Rebecca Hayward was sister of Aaron 
Hayward who married Rebecca Hosmer, daughter of 
Joel Hosmer, Acton, and was niece of James Hayward, 
killed in the Battle of Lexington, Massachusetts, 
April 19, 1775. 

2. Moses 

Born August 23, 1783, Acton 

Died 1829 

Married (2) Tabitha ( ) 

She died December 17, 1818, age 
60 

Had Children. 

34 




SPIRIT OF '76 



3. Lucy 



4. Aaron* 



5. Luke 



Born September 20, 1785 
Died 1828 

Born 1787 HSOUG 

Married Rebecca, daughter of Joel 
Hosmer, Acton, January 1, 
1818 

Born March 27, 1787, Acton 

He died December 11, 1834, age 47 

She died August 14, 1844, age 47 

Had Children: 

1. Abigail 

Born October 9, 1818 

2. Mary 

Born March 24, 1821 

3. Aaron Stevens 

Born March 23, 1823 

Born December 5, 1789 
Died 1825 



*Aaron Hayward was nephew of James Hayward, killed in Battle 
of Lexington, April 19, 1775. 

35 



6. Sally 

Born July 31, 1794 
Died 1843 

7. Tabitha 

Born April 16, 1796 
Died 1875 
Married Loel Wood 

He was born June 3, 1792 

Died 1863 

Had Children: 

1. Lowell F. Wood 

Born May 6, 1826 

2. Edwin H. Wood 

Bom June 5, 1829 (Shrews- 
bury, Massachusetts) 

8. Susan (Town record is Sukey) 

Born September 29, 1798 
Died 1843 
Married (3) Rachel ( ) 

She died August 30, 1835, age 77 



36 




yZyin^c^fy^ 




VI — Aaron^ Son of Benjamin^ and Tabitha 

( ) Hayward 

Note. — Aaron was nephew of James Hayward, 
killed in the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775. 

Born 1787 

Married Rebecca, daughter of Joel 
Hosmer, January 1, 1818, Ac- 
ton, Massachusetts. (She was 
a sister of Harriet (Hosmer) 
Barney, mother of Everett 
Hosmer Barney and grand- 
mother of George Murray Bar- 
ney.) 

She died August 14, 1844 

He died December 11, 1834, age 47 

Both are buried in Woodlawn Ceme- 
tery, Acton, Massachusetts 



1. Abigail 



2. Mary 



Children : 

Died January 12, 1820, 15 months 
3 days old 



Married Bower 

3. Aaron, junior 

4. Hart well 

Died September 7, 1847, age 21 

37 



Concord-Lexington Fight 

April 19, 1775 

"At Fisk's Hill in Lexington, they had, as some 
thought, the severest encounter of all the way. The 
road ran around the eastern base of a steep, thickly- 
wooded hill. James Hayward, who had been active 
and foremost all the way, after the British had passed 
on, came down from the hill and was aiming for a 
well of water — the same well is still to be seen at the 
two-story house on the right from Concord to Lexing- 
ton, not two miles from the old meeting-house. As 
he passed by the end of that house he spied a British 
soldier, still lingering behind the main body, plunder- 
ing. The Briton also saw Hayward and ran to the 
front door to cut him off. Lifting up his loaded mus- 
ket he exclaimed, 'You are a dead man.' Hayward 
immediately said, 'So are you.' They both fired and 
both fell. The Briton was shot dead, Hayward mor- 
tally wounded, the ball entering his side first passing 
through his powder-horn, driving the splinters into his 
body. He lived eight hours. His father was Deacon 
Samuel Hayward. 

"James Hayward was not liable to military duty. 
He ' turned out ' that morning as a volunteer in the 
strictest sense — as hundreds did. He was one of the 
earliest at Davis' house, belonged to the same school 
district and born and bred by the side of him, their 

39 



fathers being next door neighbors. He was twenty- 
five years old, one of the most athletic, fine-looking, 
well-informed, well-bred young men in town. He had 
been a schoolmaster, he knew the crisis, he knew what 
he was fighting for and what was to be gained. He 
came early to Davis' house and acted with his company. 
He was seen to go to grinding on the grindstone, the 
point of his bayonet. On being asked why he did 
it, 'Because,' he said, 'I expect before night, we shall 
come to a push with them, and I want my bayonet 
Sharp: " 



A fine stone tablet has been erected by the town 
of Lexington, near the house where James Hayward 
fell, in honor of the man and the event. 



What is supposed to be from the original house which 
was standing at the time James Hayward was shot, 
is to be seen as a part of the house on the farm and 
located not far from the well. 



The bodies of Captain Isaac Davis and Abner 
Hosmer, killed at the North Bridge on the morning 
of April 19, 1775, and James Hayward, killed in the 
afternoon of the same day, were taken to the house 
of Mrs, Isaac Davis and their funeral was attended 
there. 

40 




In November of the year 1774 
a company of Minute-men was 
raised by voluntary enlistment, 
and elected Isaac Davis for their 
commander. This company, by 
agreement, met for discipline, 
each week, through the winter 
and spring, till the fight at Con- 
cord. In January the town voted 
to pay them each eight pence for 
every meeting till the first of 
May, provided they should be 
on duty as much as three hours, 
and should attend within half 
an hour after the time appointed 
for the meeting. 



There were two other com- 
panies of infantry, or of militia, 
as they were called; the one in 
the east and the other in the 
west part of the town. The 
officers of the first were Joseph 
Robbins, Israel Heald and Robert 
Chaffin. The other was com- 
manded by Lieut. Simon Hunt. 
James Hay ward, who was killed 
in the afternoon of April 19, 1775, 
was a member of Lieutenant 
Hunt's company. 

The two companies also met 
frequently for exercise, though 
not as often as the Minute-men. 

41 




If Lexington is the "Birthplace of Liberty" 
and 

"to Concord belongs not only the honor of being the 
spot on which 'was made the first forcible resistance 
to British aggression,' but also of being the birthplace 
which for all these years has been the synonym for a 
soldier of liberty," 

So to Acton belongs 

the honor of giving the first blood as the result of that 
first and celebrated shot on that memorable day, the 
19th of April, 1775, the "shot heard round the world." 

The men Acton gave 

under "seal of Vjlood" on the morning of that day at 
Concord Bridge were 

Captain Isaac Davis 

and 

Abner Hosmer 

and during the afternoon of the same day in the Battle 
at Lexington, 

James Hay ward. 



42 



CAPTAIN ISAAC DAVIS' COMPANY 



Captain Isaac Davis' Company 



The following are the names of all the members of 
Captain Isaac Davis' company that are now known : 

Isaac Davis, Captain 

John Hay ward, Lieutenant 

John Heald, Ensign 

Joseph Piper, Clerk 

David Forbush 

Oliver Emerson 

George Maxfield 

Seth Brooks 

Luther Blanchard, Fifer 

Francis Barker, Drummer 

Privates 



Sergeants 



Joseph Barker 

Ephraim Billings 

Oliver Brown 
*Joseph Chaffin 

Ezekiel Davis 
*Benjamin Hayward 

Abner Hosmer 

Jonas Hunt 

James Law 

Reuben Law 

Joseph Locke 

Philip Piper 

Abraham 



David Davis 
Elijah Davis 
John Davis 
Reuben Davis 
Jacob Gilbert 
Joseph Reed 
Stephen Shepherd 
Solomon Smith 
Jonathan Stratton 
William Thomas 
Thomas Thorp 

*Moses Woods 

Young 



*First Centennial Anniversary of Acton; address delivered July 21, 
1835, by Josiah Adams. (Page 28, Appendix.) 



4.5 



"There are others of the company living in Acton, 
viz.: Benjamin Hayward, Joseph Chaffin and Moses 
Woods. They all joined in the pursuit in the afternoon, 
but were not present at the fight." 

The names of the men in Capt. Isaac Davis' com- 
pany are the men that went to the bridge and were in 
the Concord fight, April 19, 1775. Later some of the 
older members claimed the number was thirty-eight. 
There never was any list of this company to be found — 
the reason for which is obvious — every man that 
joined the company, in the eyes of King George III, 
was a traitor, and if the colonies had made a failure, 
would have been hung. Davis' company was formed 
the fall before the fight and they met every week for 
drill and allowed pay by the town for one-half day's 
work. It would appear that the colonies knew this 
war had got to come and they anticipated it. There 
was never a list printed of the men of Davis' company 
who were in the fight until the celebration of Acton's 
centennial in 1835. There were three or four members 
alive at this time and in full possession of their powers, 
and there were also some others that were too old and 
infirm to give their depositions. They were all agreed, 
however, as to the company list of names. 

The other two companies — the one in East Acton 
commanded by Captain Robbins, the other in West 
and South Acton, at one time commanded by Captain 
Faulkner, who was in the fall before promoted to 
Major or Adjutant of the 3rd Middlesex Regiment, 

46 




FRANXIS liARKER as Drunimei- Boy 
LUTHER BLANCHARD as Fifer 

Played ilie Wliitc Cockade in Caftatii Isaac Da'is' 
Company of Miniiie-men from Ac1o)i, that led the first 
organized column that returned fire on troofs of King 
George III at h\rth Bridge. Concord. A/assachiisetIs, 
April iq. i-j-is. 



King George's soldiers. This left the command of the 
company to Lieut. Simon Hunt who also marched to 
Concord. Their actions prove that they did not go 
very much in the interest of King George III. 

Both of these companies turned out April 19, 1775, 
as militia. They had met and drilled from time to 
time, but not under pay of the town, as was Captain 
Davis' company. 

There are no company returns or lists of the men 
who assembled at the North Bridge in Concord to 
oppose the march of the British, April 19, 1775, in the 
Massachusetts state archives. 

As far as an examination of the records of the 
Provincial Congress and of the Revolutionary Rolls 
collection shows, no such returns or lists were ever 
required or submitted. The alarm rolls preserved cover 
the service of men who performed definite tours of 
duty, ranging from one day to four weeks, while the 
army was in the process of formation. 

The docimient in Vol. 12, page 116, Revolutionary 
Rolls collection, does not in itself carry proof that 
any of the men borne on the roll were present when 
the assembled militia were fired upon by the British. 
The service of the officers and men, as shown by the 
roll, began April 19, 1775, and they served under the 
command of John Hayward in the camp at Cambridge 
from five to twenty-eight days. Lieutenant Hayward 
was undoubtedly elected Captain of the company by 
the men immediately after the death of Captain Davis, 

47 



according to the law governing the mihtia companies 
of Massachusetts, and he and the men under him 
continued in service for the terms specified in the pay 
roll. The company could not have been augmented 
by recruits as town companies, whether minute-men 
or militia, were absolutely local organizations and the 
places of habitation of the men fixed their membership. 



48 




With 



MONUMENT- ACTON, MASSACHUSETTS 



Captain Isaac Davis 
are buried here 

Abner Hosmer. great-great-uncle 
lames Havvvard, great-uncle 
of 
Everett Hosmer Barney. 



The Davis Monument 

Acton, Massachusetts 



The citizens of Acton believing that the name of 
Capt. Isaac Davis, the first officer who fell in the 
struggle for independence, and also the names of his 
two brave townsmen, Abner Hosmer and James Hay- 
ward — one of whom fell by his side on the famous 
19th of April, 1775, at the old North Bridge in Concord, 
and the other in the pursuit at Lexington, on the same 
day — were deserving of a better fame than history 
had usually awarded them, and a more commanding 
and enduring structure than ordinary slabs of slate 
to tell the story of their martyrdom and mark the spot 
where their dust reposes, passed the following vote 
at a large town-meeting holden on the 11th of Novem- 
ber, A. D. 1850: 

"Voted, That the town of Acton erect a monument 
over Capt. Isaac Davis, Hosmer and Hayward, and 
that their remains be taken up and put in some suit- 
able place on Acton Common, if the friends of said 
Davis, Hosmer and Hayward are willing, and that 
the selectmen and the three ministers in the town be 
a Committee to lay out what they shall think proper 
or petition Congress and the State Legislature for aid 
in erecting said monument." 

A petition for this object was presented to the 
Legislature early in the session by Reverend T. J. 

Woodbury. 

49 



The committee consisted of Ivory Keyes, Luther 
Conant, James Tuttle, selectmen; James T. Wood- 
bury, Robert Stinson, Horace Richardson, ministers, 
in behalf of the town. 

The joint committee of the Legislature or the 
Militia to whom this petition was referred, unani- 
mously submitted a report in favor of the project. 
The matter was fully discussed, and after the eloquent 
address and appeal of Mr. Woodbury, the resolve was 
passed by a large majority. 

Two thousand dollars were appropriated, to be 
joined by an appropriation of five hundred dollars 
by the town of Acton, to be expended under the direc- 
tion of Governor George S. Boutwell, and a joint 
committee of the town. 

There was a difference of choice by the committee 
as to where on the Common the monument should 
stand. The decision was finally left with the Governor, 
who decided upon the present site, a spot not suggested 
by anyone before, but which all agreed was just the 
place for it when suggested by the Governor. 

Another question decided was whether it should 
be made of rough or hewn granite. "Let it be of 
God's own granite," said Mr. Woodbury, "and let 
it be from the Acton quarry nearest to the site." Most 
of the granite was taken from the hill in the rear of 
Mr. Woodbury's residence, less than a mile to the 
north, and given by him for the purpose. 

60 



The model finally approved by the Committee 
has been universally admired for its beauty, simplicity 
and impressiveness. It is seventy-five feet high, the 
top is four feet four inches square, a square shaft 
reaching upward from a finely proportioned arch on 
each side of its base. The base is fifteen feet wide and 
extends eight feet into the earth and is of good split 
heavy blocks of granite. Through the center of the 
cap-stone projects upward a wooden flag-staff twenty- 
five feet in length, from the top of which a flag is kept 
floating at the expense of the town, on all days of 
patriotic import. 

In a panel on the side facing the main avenue, 
the inscription reads as follows : 

"The Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the 
town of Acton cooperating to perpetuate the fame 
of their glorious deeds of patriotism, have erected 
this monument in honor of Captain Isaac Davis and 
privates Abner Hosmer and James Hayward, citizen 
soldiers of Acton and Provincial Minute-men who 
fell in Concord fight, 19th of April, A. D. 1775." 

In the morning of that eventful day the provincial 
officers held a council of war near the old North Bridge 
in Concord and as they separated Davis exclaimed, 
"I haven't a man who is afraid to go," and immedi- 
ately marched his company from left to the right of 
the line and led in the first organized attack upon the 
troops of George III in that memorable war which, 
by the help of God, made the thirteen colonies inde- 

51 



pendent of Great Britain and gave political being to 
the United States of America. 

"Acton, April 19, 1851." 

The old gravestones which stood for seventy-five 
years to mark the resting place of the three patriots 
in Woodlawn Cemetery have been laid on the sides 
of the mound at the base of the monument. They are 
very ancient in appearance and bear the following 
interesting inscriptions : 

"Menenti Moro. 

Here lies the body of Mr. Abner Hosmer who was 
killed at Concord April 19th, 1775, in ye defence of 
ye just rights of his country, being in the twenty-first 
year of his age." 

Hayward's is even more interesting, containing 
in addition this poetry : 

"This monument may unborn ages tell 
How brave young Hay ward like a hero fell, 
When fighting for his country's liberty 
Was slain, and here his body now doth lye — 
He and his foe were by each other slain. 
His victim's blood and his the earth did stain. 
From ye field he was with victory crowned 
And yet must yield his breath upon that ground. 
He expressed his hope in God before his death. 
After his foe had yielded up his breath. 
Oh, may his death a lasting witness lye, 
Against oppressor's bloody cruelty." 

52 



This contains the story of his death. After the 
defeat of the British, he stopped at a pump to drink, 
when a British officer who came out of the house 
exclaimed, "You are a dead man." Both aimed, fired, 
and both fell, mortally wounded, the officer dying 
before young Hay ward. The powder-horn worn by 
Hayward was pierced with the ball and is now 
preserved, having been silver-mounted by Edward 
Everett, and is in possession of the Public Library, 
Acton, Massachusetts, 

The third stone is that of Captain Davis, which 
is headed, "I say unto all, watch," and then after a 
record of his death, this is added: "Is there not an 
appointed time to man upon ye earth? Are not his 
days also like the days of an hireling? As the cloud 
vanisheth away, so he that goes down to the grave 
shall come up no more. He shall return no more to his 
house, neither shall his place know him any more! 

Job 7: 1, 9, 10." 

The bones which were disinterred some days be- 
fore the dedication, were nearly entire and were en- 
closed in an oblong black walnut box, highly polished 
and studded with silver nails. The remains were 
enclosed in different compartments, each marked upon 
the cover by a silver plate bearing the names of the 
old patriots. The cheek-bone of Hosmer showed the 
trace of the ball which caused his death, entering just 
below the left eye and coming out at the back of the 
neck. 

53 



The box was deposited in the monument, in the 
place designed for it. 



The closing words of Governor Boutwell at the 
dedication of the Davis monument: 

"Today the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and 
the town of Acton dedicate this monument to the 
memory of the early martyrs of the Revolution and 
consecrate it to the principles of liberty and patriotism. 

"Here its base shall rest and its apex point to the 
heavens through the coming centuries. Though it 
bears the names of humble men and commemorates 
services stern rather than brilliant, it shall be as im- 
mortal as American history. 

"The ground on which it stands shall be made 
classical by the deeds which it commemorates and may 
this monument exist only with the existence of the 
Republic: and when God in his wisdom shall bring 
this government to nought, may no stone remain 
to point the inquirer to fields of valor, or to remind 
him of deeds of glory. 

"And finally, may the Republic resemble the sun 
in his daily circuit, so that none shall know whether 
its path was more glorious in the rising or in the setting." 



54 



INDEX 

PAGE 

Adams, Josiah 45 

Barker, Francis 45 

Barker, Joseph 45 

Barney, Everett Hosmer 19, 30, 37 

Barney, George Murray 19, 30, 37 

Barney, Harriet (Hosmer) 19, 37 

Billings, Ephraim 45 

Blanchard, Luther 45 

Borroughs, S. R 30 

Boutwell, George S. 50, 54 

Bower, 37 

Brooks, Seth 45 

Brown, Mary 26, 29 

Brown, Ohver 45 

Chadwick, Hannah 20 

Chadwick, John 20 

Chaflfin, Joseph 45, 46 

Chaffin, Robert 41 

Conant, Luther 50 

Dakin, John 21 

Dakin, Susanna 21 

Davis, David 45 

Davis, EHjah 45 

Davis, Ezekiel 45 

Davis, Captain Isaac 

40, 41, 42, 45, 46, 47, 47, 49, 49, 49, 51, 51, 53 

Davis, John 45 

Davis, Reuben 45 

Emerson, OHver 45 

Everett, Edward 53 

55 



PAGE 

Farrar, Jacob 22 

Faulkner (Captain) 46 

Forbush, David 45 

Gilbert, Jacob 45 

Goss, Philip 21 

Griffin, Richard 20 

Hartwell, John 24,25 

Hartwell, Rebecca 24, 25 

Hayward, Aaron 19,32,34,35,35,37,37 

Hayward, Aaron, Junior 37 

Hayward, Aaron Stevens 35 

Hayward, Abial 24 

Hayward, Abigail 25, 37 

Hayward, Asa 27 

Hayward, Benjamin . . . 19,26,31,31,34,37,45,46 

Hayward, Dorothy 23 

Hayward, Ebenezer 23, 28 

Hayward, Elizabeth (Treadwell) 25 

Hayward, George 19,20,20,22,23,23 

Hayward, Hannah 21,22,23 

Hayward, Hartwell 37 

Hayward, James 

21, 24, 26, 27, 30, 30, 30, 30, 34, 35, 37, 39, 39, 39, 40, 40, 

40, 40, 41, 43, 49, 49, 49, 51, 52, 53, 53 
Hayward, John .... 20,21,23,25,27,31,45,47,47 

Hayward, Joseph 19,21,23,23,25,27,27 

Hayward, Josiah 25, 25 

Hayward, Judith 21 

Hayward, Lucy 26,30,31,35 

Hayward, Luke 32, 35 

Hayward, Mary 20, 20, 21, 23, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 32, 35, 37, 37 

Hayward, Mary (Stevens) 34 

Hayward, Moses 31,34 

Hayward, Paul 26, 29 

Hayward, Rebecca 31,34,34 

Hayward, Rebecca (Hartwell) 29 



56 



PAGE 

Ha5rward, Rebeckah 27, 32 

Hayward, Sally 32, 36 

Hayw^ard, Samuel .... 19, 25, 26, 29, 29, 30, 34, 39 

Ha3rward, Sarah 21,22 

Hayward, Simeon 19, 22, 24, 25, 25, 27, 27 

Hayward, Stevens 27, 33 

Hayw^ard, Susan (Sukey) 32, 36 

Hayward, Tabitha 32, 36 

Hayw^ard, Tabitha ( ) 37 

Heald, Israel 41 

Heald, John 45 

Hosmer, Abigail 27 

Hosmer, Abner .... 40, 42, 45, 49, 49, 49, 51 , 52, 53 

Hosmer, Hannah 21,23 

Hosmer, James 21,23 

Hosmer, Joel 19, 32, 34, 35, 37 

Hosmer, Mary 25 

Hosmer, Rebecca 19,32,34,35,37 

Hosmer, Sarah 27 

Hunt, Hannah 27, 33 

Hunt, Jonas 45 

Hunt, Lucy 31,34 

Hunt, Rebecca 27, 33 

Hunt, Simon 41,47 

Jones, Ephraim 25 

Keyes, Ivory 50 

King George III 46, 47, 47, 51 

Law, James 45 

Law, Ruben 45 

Locke, Joseph 45 

Maxfield, George 45 

Merriam, 25 

Millard, John 21 

Millard, Simon 21 

Piper, Joseph 45 

Piper, PhiHp 45 

57 



PAGE 

Richardson, Horace 50 

Reed, Joseph 45 

Robbins (Captain), Joseph 41,46 

Shepherd, Stephen 45 

Smith, Solomon 45 

Stevens, Mary 25, 29 

Stinson, Robert 50 

Stratton, Jonathan 45 

Tarbell, Ehzabeth 21 

Temple, 24, 25 

Thomas, William 45 

Thorp, Thomas 45 

Treadwell, Elizabeth 23 

Tuttle, James 50 

White, Anna 20 

Wood, Edwin H 36 

Wood, Loel 36 

Wood, Lowell F 36 

Woodbury, Rev. T. J 49, 50, 50, 50, 50 

Woods, Moses 45, 46 

Young, Abraham 45 



58 



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