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^ y perseverance, acateneBs, research and learning displayed in 


( ibe admiration and gratitnde of all that have occasion to oon- 

^vronderfiil store-honse of philology and antiqnarianism. The 
rorlc consisted of two qnarto volumes, which were published at 
DL by subscription, in 1808, and dedicated to G^rge, Prince of 
^ucb "vras the interest excited by the work, that zne additional 
atributed by students of Scottish literature, and gleaned by the 

the prosecution of his studies, accumulated in the course of a few 
sucb an amount as enabled the author to produce, in the form of 
ment^ other two volumes of equal size with their predecessors, 
ere publielied at Edinburgh in 1825, and dedicated to his early 
who had then become the King. After the death of Dr. Jamieson, 
Mr. John Johnstone prepared a second edition of this great work, 
k be incorporated the words of the Supplement, with their most 
significations, into the original Dictionary. By omitting the quota- 
Qtained in the Supplement, he was able to compress the work into 
krto volumes, which were published at Edinburgh in 1840-41, with 
rinal dedication prefixed. The same editor next prepared an 
lent of the whole work, which was also published at Edinburgh in 
L an octavo volume. 

the copyright of this edition, which for several years had been out 
, had fallen into the hands of Mr. Murray, Aberdeen, he resolved 
nt it in a similar form, but at a greatiy reduced price. The editor 
ok only to put the sheets correctly through the press. As he pro- 

however, it occurred to him that a word here and there might 
kgeously be added ; and, knowing that Dr. Jamieson was not person- 
[uainted with the dialect of the northern counties, he asked contri- 

from those who were qualified thus to enrich the work. To all 
sponded to the request, therefore, the Editor and Publisher make 
their grateful acknowledgments. 

hen nearly the half of the work had been printed, the Editor had 
a to visit the Orkney Islands, and, in addition to words indicated 
ert Scarth, Esq., Banker, and contributed by Mr. Petrie, Kirkwall, 
e procured a copy of the recently published " Etymological Qlossary of 
Uand and Orkney Dialecty** by Thomas Edmondston, Esq. of Buness, 
id. Before he had it in his power to ask Mr. Edmondston's permis- 
make use of his valuable Glossary, that gentleman, having heard of 
ended republication of the Abridgment of Jamieson, spontaneously 


panted the Editor, in the most generous manner, full permission to l 
rlossanj, as fai* as available. 

The Editor would also take the liberty of expressing his thai 
At. Robert Duncan, Lesmahago, for the early interest he took i 
fc'ork, and the valuable contributions ho communicated, as well 
klr. jervise, Brechin, for several Forfarshire words. The Editor li 
ourse, corrected whatever typogi^aphical eri-ors occurred in the wo 
^as re-editing, and, in cases of doubt, hud frciiuent recourse to the oc 
'olumes; in a few cases he has corrected what was erroneous, 
Jtanter, fedmal, goiriicn^ tarricro*jk^ &.q.\ he has given about one hv 
ind twenty additional explanations of woixls ; he has added one ha 
^nd six various spellings ; and sixty synonyms, besides a few etymoli 
LB has introduced seventy pithy, idiomatic, and illustrative exprafl 
^nd the new words, from his own resources and the contributions indi 
amount to about ^x hundred and ihirty. 

In a work of such a multifarious nature, and containing so 
rords from foreign languages, it would be wonderful if no crrai 
iscaped the vigilance of the Editor ; but he trusts that such as may l 
lovered will only be of a trivial nature, and that many will now poa 
eliable key to unlock the valuable stores of otir Scottish literature^ i 
Lre shut up in a language that is fast ])ecoming unknown. 

Those Englishmen, who have taken but a superficial view < 
k;ottish language, will learn from this work, that it is neither a colli 
if barbarous sounds nor a corruption of their own tongue ; but th 
he contrary, it has a common origin with the English ; and that| 
Englishmen have changed the sound, altered the spelling, and dn 
oany of the words of their forefathers, Scotchmen have preserved 
^reat extent the primitive language of their Teutonic ancestors, in its i 
utegrity, copiousness and force. 

Under particular letters or combinations of letters, occasional rei 
nil be found respecting the interchanges that take place in different 
ff the country ; but, ^om circumstances stated by himself, it is ei 
hat Dr. Jamieson's knowledge of the dialect of the northern Isles wi 
imited to enable him to make any remarks on them. The Editor 
herefore, advert to some of them here, that he may account for hi 
laving introduced more words from that quarter than he has done. 
1^ is changed into ^ ; as throat, trot; thin, tin; thrang, iramj ; or ia 
a thon, dou; their, dyr ; thunder, dtinder, or tuuner ; ch hard is soften 
hanged into eh; as chair, shair; chafts, shafts; choked, shikit ; qt 
ih ; as queen, wJieen ; quit, n'hetf ; quirm, whinn. 

In condnsion, the Editor begs to state, that it will afford him 
ileasnre to receive from any of his intelligent readers such words as the^ 
[iscover to have been omitted, with specification of the distiicts in i 
hey are nsed, as these will still be available when the work is 
alnnitted to the press. Of such as he has lately received, he has a* 
dmself of what would otherwise have been a blank page at the e 
be volume, to present a specimen. 


Thk brief Memoir which, through the kindness of the surviving members 
of Dr. Jamieson's family, is now prefixed to this Abridgment of his greatest 
woik, possesses at least the essential qaalitj of being perfectly authentic. It 
is in every particular compiled from a rather bulky manuscript autobio- 
gtaphj, which was written during the later years of Dr. Jamieson's life, in 
oompltance with repeated solicitations that ne would throw together some 
memoranda of the leading occurrences of his public and literary career. 

JoH5 Jamieson was bom in the city of Glasgow on the 3rd March, 1759. 
Ss &iher, Mr. John Jamieson, was the pastor of one of the two Seceder 
congregations which were all then established in that town. His mother's 
name was Cleland. She was the daughter of Mr. Cleland of Edinburgh, a 
man who seems to have enjoyed the friendship of the more distinguished of 
the clergymen of the city, and who had married Bachel, the daughter of the 
Rev. Robert Bruce of Garlet, son of the second brother of Bruce of Kennei 
Tins reverend person, the great-grandfather of Dr. Jamieson, suffered per- 
secution as a Presbyterian minister, during the troubles of Scotiand. Dr. 
Jamieson's paternal grandfather was Mr. William Jamieson, the farmer of 
Hill House, near Linlithgow, in West Lothian ; a person of respectable con- 
nections, being related to several of the smaller landed proprietors of the 
oonnty, and to some of the wealthy merchants of the then flourishing com- 
mercial town of Borrowstounness. 

The future lexicographer received his first lessons at a school kept by his 
fiiher's precentor^ a person quite incompetent for the task of tuition. After 
a course of very imperfect elementary instruction, according to a practice 
then general, and not yet quite obsolete in Scotland, of leaving the English 
language to shift, in a great measure, for itself, he was sent, in his seventh 
vear, to the first class of the Latin grammar school of Glasgow, then taught 
by Mr. William Bald. Bald was a teacher of a stamp not unfreqaently met 
with in those times. He was an admirable boon companion, and possessed 
of great humour, though more than suspected of undue partiality for the 
sons of men of rank, or those of wealthy citizens who occasionally gave him 
a good dinner, and made liberal ^^Gandlemaa OfferingsJ* This partiality 
having been very unfairly manifested to the prejudice of the just claims of 
the Seceder minister's son to the highest prize in the class, as afterwards 
admitted by Mr. Bald himself, the pupil was withdrawn at the end of the 
first year. He was then placed under a private teacher named Selkirk, who 
is described as a worthy man, and with whom, in two years, and by the 
unremitting care of his fj&ther at home, he made such progress, that he was 
deemed fit to enter the first " Humanity," or Latin class, in the University 
of Glasgow, when only nine years old. Dr. Jamieson, in commenting upon 
Ida venr early appearance at college, gentiy expresses his regret that his ex- 



cellent lather shoold have so homed on his edncatioa, and jofiUjr «fl 
that, hoirever vividly impressions may eeem to be received by a yuoo^ 
they are often eo soperficial aa to be altogether effaced by others w^B 
ceed them. The p«Assor of Hoinanity was the Rev. George Mu^H 
whom his pnpil entertained the most affectionate recollection, nnd a^H 
lihlo veneration." ^M 

During hi^ second year at the Latin class, jonng Jamiesan also ^H 
the^irst Greek cloea, which waa then taught by Dr. Jumes Uoor, ^fl 
known author of the Greek Grammar whidi bears his name. ■ 

So early in life as this period, the future antiqnary was begintiin^ fl 
& taste for old coins, and other cnrions objects, on wLioh lie cxpodH 
pocket-money. A vein for poetry at the same time displayed itset^f 
predilections were congenial to those of Professor Moor, with wbon^l 
son became ao far a favourite, that he kindly explained the ooinfl^^f 
brought to him, and wonld show him his own valuable collection, ^H 
while he had travelled vrith the nnfortonata Earl of Kilmarnock. HH 
nnder Moor, his pnpil seeme to have made progress in every thin^ jB 
proper business, the Greek language. fl 

IhiriDg his attendance on the prelections of Frofossor Moirhead, 1(^| 
the mind of the yoimg stndent received that bias which inflomj^l 
literary pursuits of his u^r life. " The Professor," he says, in t]|^| 
biography above referred to, " not satisfied with an explanation of tllffi 
of any classical passage, was moBt anxious to call the attention of hisfl 
to the peculiar force of the terms that occurred in it ; particularly poin 
out the shades of signification by which those terms, viewed as syiionym 
differed from each other. This mode of illustration, which, at that tin 
suspect, was by no means common, had a powerful iufiaencc in utFrac 
my attention to the classical books, and even to the formation of langnag 
genera], and to it I most probably may ascribe that partiality for ^lilol 
cal and etymological research in which I have ever since had so n 

The precariooB state of his father's health made the stndJM of l| 
surviving son, already destioed to the ministry, be pushed forwai 
anxions rapidity. The friendly Professor Mnirhead disapproved and] 
Btrated ; but there was too good reason for the precipitance, for Jm 
fiither afterwai'ds inl'ormed him, that he was much ol'raid that, hav£ 
long a prisoner from complicated disease, he would be early takoi 
and, ae he had nothing to leave his son, ho was most desirous to fon 
classical and profeissioual education. He was accordingly next aoa 
to the Logic olass, though, as he remarks, " a boy of eleven years ofj 
qnito unfit for studying the abatraotions of logic and melaphysies.^ 
year, also, bo considers " entirely lost," and that ■' it might be blotted 
the calendar of his life." A second year spent in philosophical studies i 
employed to little more purpose ; and though he now studied ander 
eminent philosopher. Dr. Beid, he had become, during his father'^ <.'i i;illiii 
iUaess, too much, he says, bis own muster to make any . 
" either in the lutellcotoal or Moral Powers." Be, how. 
pleasiire in the study of ^nUtcmaticg ; but over Alyetir.i, 
o oM i m ed the midnight oil, the student of elevou, very ■■...■ .i 

6iU asleep. His cla»jcal and philoKiphicnl vtudix^ wore cvrti^iiU 
' I ray good time; but it is yot mora tiurpritung to find tbe j 


yytery of Glasgow admitting him as a stadeni of theology at the age of 

he Professor of Theology among the Seceders at that period was the 
William Moncrieff of ^oa^ the son of one of Mie four ministers who 
oally seceded from the Chnrch of Scotland, from their hostility to 
>nage, and who, suhsequenty, founded the Secession Chnrch. Though 
according to his distingnished pupil, a man of extensive erudition, or of 
« depth of understanding. Professor Moncrieff was possessed of qi^ties 
more essential to the fulfilment of his imports^ office of training 
g men in those days to the Secession ministry ;. and from the suavity of 
isposition, and the kindness of his manners, he was very popular among 
tadents. After attending Professor Moncrieff for one season at Alloa, 
ig Jamieson attended Professor Anderson (afterwards the founder of the 
ersonian Institution) in Glasgow, for Natural Philosophy, for which 
loe he does not seem to have had any taste. While at the G1nM|pw 
rersity, he became a member of the different Literary Societies formeoby 
students for mutual improvement. These were then the Eclectic, the 
ecHc^ and the Acctdemic ;. and he was successively a member of each of 

Hie Doctor relates many beautiful instances of the mutual respect and 
ial regard which then subsisted among the different denominations of the 
^ of Ulasgow, and which was peculiarly manifested towards his father 
ng his severe and protracted illness. Comparing modem times with 
e better days, he prophetically remarks : — 

' If matters go on^ as they have done, in our highly favoured country, 
some time past, there is reason to fear that as Httle genuine love will be 
d as there was among the Pharisees, who, from sheer influence of party, in 
rtain sense still ' loved one another,' while they looked on all who differed 
1 them in no other light than they did on Sadducees. May the God of 
rrace give a merciful check to this spirit, ^hich is not from Him ! " 
!)r. Jamieson was himself, throughout the whole course of his life, dis- 
dished by a liberal and truly Catholic spirit. His friends and intimate 
nates were found among Christians of all denominations, though he con- 
itiously held by his own opinions. If he ever lacked charity, it appears 
ive been towards the Unitarians, a fact perhaps to be accounted for by 
^arly controversies with MacgiU and Dr. Priestley. Episcopalians and 
lan Catholics were among his personal friends, even when his position as 
janng minister of a very rigid congregation of Seceders, in a country 
1, made the association dangerous to bim, as being liable to miscon- 
^on by his zealous flock. 

Lfter he had attained the dignity of a student of Theology, instead of 
escending to resume the red gown of the Glasgow student, Jamieson 
ired to Edinburgh to prosecute his studies, and lived, while there, in the 
e of his maternal grandfather, Mr. Cleland. He attended the prelections 
e eminent Dugald Stewart, then but a young man himself. 
hiring the young student's residence in Edinburgh, he made many 
ible and desirable acquaintances, and acquired some useful friends. Of 
number was the venerable Dr John Erskine, who continued the friend 
mieson for the remainder of his honoured life. Dr. Erskine commanded 
eneration and love, but he also felt great respect for the Evangelical 
or's Moderate colleague, the celebrated Principal Robertson, the His- 


loriiui. RiiberUon was \ong the leader of tho Moderate pEirty in thai 
CnurU; and j'ovng Jamieson, though g. couecientious Seceder, and one 
iiianoer dedicated from his birth to the service of the Secession Chortd 
tvitnefloin^ the maateriy manner in which the Principal conducted biut 
in the Church Coni-ts, felt, in liis owii words, " That if he were to ackt 
Ipilgp any cpelosinstioal leiuiiir, or uaJl any man a master in dinne mai» 
ho would preft-r tlic I'rinirijial in this chara^tor to any man he had erar W 
for Ito condncted hnsincss with so much dignity and suavity of nuuinar, 
tlioKH who followed Heemeil to be led by a ulken cord. He tnigbl c^j 
hut hii novur ondgelliwl hi§ troops." 

AfU;r attending the Theological class for eix soRsions, the candidata 
the ministry was, at the age of twenty, appointed by the Synod to be ta 
on trials for licence ; and in July ITTS, ho wua licensed by the Preahytar, 


I)r. Jamioaon's first appearance as a preacher was at Cohnonell, in ( 
riclt, in Ayrshire, then a vary dreary and poor distriet. From the first 
ni.'ctn'i to UDvc been pO]mlar, and the small isolated con^egatioa at ( 
monell witihod to obtain the young preacher as their pastor ; but to tbii 
{[ave no enconrtgement, deeming: it his dnty to leave auch matters to 
regular anthoritiea. His aext apointment was to the lale of Bat6, i 
Cowckl, in Argyleshiro. The picture which bo gives of cbaractera an 
mnniien>, long eiuco passed awny, and their conLiiUit with present tioMi 
n little strilcmc. The venerable Doctor, in old age, relates, "I found 
Kituntion nn this bonntiful island very comfortable. The place of |>tewA 
wflii in UotheBBy. I lodged at & farm-house in the parish of Kiugartb ; aa 

novor niet with more kindness from any man than tVom , the n 

i>it«jr of the parish." This was not at all in noeordan:e with the Dooti 
Kubsoqaent experience of the Established ministers in other parishes, i 
purtictilnrly wlieo ho came to be settled in Forfar. 

Mr. Jiintioson pnssed over to Cowul in the depth of a severe winter, t 
was lodged in a wretched, smoky hovel, without even glsAS to the ap«rti 
through which light waa received, and in which ho had to eat, sleep, a 
study. Those wore not the palmy days of the Secession Church. 

In the beginning of 1780, Mr. Jamieson was appaiiit«d by the Asaodi 
Synod, fthe Sajireme Court of the Sccesfion,) to itinerate in Perthshirs a 
tho neighbouring county of Angns. After preaching for several Sabbai 
in Dniidce, in which there wna then a vacancy, he made so fnvoarablft 
impreMAion, that tJie congregation agreed to give him a call to be their p 
tor. But Forfkr, his next preaching station, was to be bin resting-place, ft 
it proved fur niuny years an ongenial and dreary sojoiim. To Fcrrfkr 
waa at that time, of course, a total stnmgeri and in old age he tontdiint 
relates : — " Though I were to live much lon^'cr than 1 have done ainee tJ 
Ijme, I shall never forgot the fpeling I had in crossing the rising grou 
where 1 first had a view of this place. I had never seen iiny part of i 
oonntiy before. The day was cohl, the aspect of the cuantry dreary m 
bltnik, and it wat partly covered with anew. It seemed to nbonnd wi 
noaBCH, which guvu a desolate iippenranc^ to the whole vallev under my o] 
I (Muaed for a moment-, and a pang struck ihroogh my [learl, whife^ 

aMctif^ing query nccurred — ' What if this glo( 

f mv habitatio 

' plaoe should 1 

And it was tho will of tho Alnigfa^ 


The congregation of Forfar was at that time but newly formed, and had 
nerer yet had any regular minister, being, by orders of the Presbytery, sttp- 
pUed^ as it is termed, irom, Sabbath to Sabbath by young probationers and 

Three calls were at the same time subscribed for the popular young 
preschctr : firom ForfEO*, from Dundee, and from Perth, where he was wanted 
as a second or collegiate minister. The congregation of Dundee was large 
sod comparatiyely wealthy, but the call was not unanimous, and Forfar 
proined hiis ultimate destination. It is not easy to conceive a position *more 
tiying, in every respect, than that of the young minister at his outset in 
foriar ; and a man of less energy, although of equal talents, would probably 
have altogether sunk under the opposition and persecution which he en- 
countered. There was, however, one bright side : he had been affection- 
sidy, nay, anxiously wished for by the whole of his congregation. Ho 
knew that ho was in the path of duty ; and, piously resigning '* his lot into 
the hands of the All- Wise Disposer of events," with the assurance which fol- 
lowed him through life, ^ that his gracious Master would provide for him in the 
way that was best," he looked forward to the future with firmness. 

By degrees Mr. Jamieson became better known and better appreciated. 
He acknowledges with marked gratitude the obligations he owed, in many 
respects, to Mr Dempster of Dunnichen, a gentleman of high character and 
considerable influence in the county, which he represented for some time in 
Pariiament. This benevolent man was his first, and proved through life his 
huBtest friend. Until his acquaintance with Mr. Dempster, which was 
brought about by an accidental call, Mr. Jaiuieson's only social enjoyment 
was in visiting at intervals seyeral respectable families in Perth and its 
neighboorhood, or the hospitable manse of Longforgan in the Carse of 
Gowrie, then a residence combining every charm. But the friendship and 
influence of Mr. Dempster soon procured similar enjoyment's for him nearer 
home. At Dunnichen he was at all times a welcome guest, and there ho 
became acquainted, through the cordial introduction of Mr Dempster, with 
all the lauded aristocracy of the county. This enlargement of Mr Jamieson' s 
circle of social intercourse was further aided and confimied by his marriage 
with the daughter of an old and respectable proprietor in the county, Miss 
Charlotte Watson, youngest daughter o( Robei*t Watson, Esq., of Shielhill, 
in Angus, and of Easter Rhynd in Perthshire. 

With Mr. Jamieson*s very limited income of £50 per annum, it must 
have appeared almost madness to think of marriage, even allowing for the 
greater value of money at that time ; but the bachelor state is deemed in- 
compatible with the ministry in Scotland ; and, besides, prudential considera- 
tions will not always prevent a young man from falling in love. The union, 
however, which lasted for more than half a century, proved in all respects a 
most auspicious one. Mr. and Mrs. Jamieson had, no doubt, for a long 
period, much to contend with, from limited means and a very numerous 
ikmily, but tho energy and untiring industry of Mr. Jamieson made up for 
all other deficienciea 

Mr. Jamieson's confidence in Providence, and in his own energies, soon 
began to reap its reward. To loneliness at home, and indifference, if not 
neglect, abroad, there now succeeded strong domestic attractions, and the 
ebteem and regard of many respectable neighbours. 

Shorilj after his marriage, Mr. Jamieson began to work seriously for 


the press, and continaed. Tor upwards of forty yran, a cnoshuiba 
vuiuRiinaas writflr on divorsiliea Eabjecto. While vet a mere oti * 
liad i-ampiiEed some pieces of poetry for " Baddimaira Weekly ] 
whicU wc notice onlj becnnse tbcy wem hia first att^iinpts as an an 
next tind him commtmiisiting,— in a aenen of popen to tha Iiitrf 
Antiiiaariau Society of Purtb, of trhiL-h be was a memiier, — tke fi 
reseatvlies concerning tlie antiiiuitica vf Forfarakire. These pape 
Dempster to recommend his writing a lustory of the county, aod ll 
tion gave impulse hud diret'tioB to bis local inqairies, althoagh it « 
folly complit-d with. Bat the pnblicadon which seems first to fasive obta 
for liim some literary ropulalion, and the ckuwiter of aa orthiidoi and » 
golical minister, was his niply, under the title of " S^ciaianism UumasV 
to Dr. Mncgill of Ayr, whose alleged heresy had laiely been widely brai 

This work paved the way for his favourable reception in London, wl 
he visited for the first time in 17tSd-9. He carried to London with tu. 
uoUeution of sermons, afterwards published nnder tbe title of " Sermons 
thu Heart," which became very popular. With the exception of this wi 
his other writings do not seem lo liave yielded him muob profit, altboi 
they added to his rcpatatioo. Letters of introduction from Dr. Erskine i 
others procured fur bim an extensive acquaintance, particularly In tho I 
gioas circles and among the evaii^lical ministeni of the metropolis. 
mentions the pious and benevolent Mr, John Thornton, the eccentric &fU 
the Baptist minister, John Newton, Venn, and Cecil, as of the number at 
new fnends. He also found antiquarian and literary associates, while 
poem on the " Sorrows of t^lavery," written wttti some care, and intended 
aid the cause of abolition, then of absorbmg int«rest, brought him nndsri 
notice ol the abolitJonista, and led to im acquaintance with Wilborforoe ■ 
Granville Sharp. 

The consideration he enjoyed in these metropolitan drclea, ftftd pwtii 
larly amongst his religions friends, must have be^n ang^mented by his " Ae) 
to Priestly," for which he received the diploma of Doctor of Divinity trt 
tlie College of New Jersey, the first hononr of the kind that had oror bo 
cnnfen-ed upon a Seceder, 

Dr. Jamieson repeated his visits to London at diflbrent times, offieiati 
there lor his friend Dr. Jerment, when that gentleman went to Sootlai 
On these occaxionB, ho extended the circle of his general acquatnuuio^ a 
appears also to have discovered several distant relations, mixing in gfl 
Buciety. He speaks amnsingly enough of his meeting with a dist&ot fsiiti 
coDsin, Lady Sli'ange, the widow of the eclebrated engraver, a very ti« 
and olovor woman, who, to her last day, took pride in her broad Scotch, a 
retained all the warmth of early national feeling. When the Doctor, I 
then a stiiingor to her, made his formal obeisanoe, " the good old lady," 
says, " ran up to me with all tlie vivacity of fifteen, and, taking me in \ 
arms, gave me a hearty emlimce." She was one of those whose Heads a 
hearts are continually occupied with plans for sei-ving their fi-iwids ; and l 
influence, of which sbe had a good deal, was over sealonsly exerted !•> pi 
mote Dr. Jamieaou's interests. One of her schemes was, that he shot 
leave the Secession and look for promotion in the Churnlt of Kngland ; i 
such an idea, it may well lie believed, could nut for a moment be onte 
by the conscientious Scotiih Dtijseuter, who had, for a ilosen yet 
tnaintauiing a fiimily on a stipund of £^0 a-year. 



Notwithstanding bis bilious and nenrons complaints, Doctor 
K)n8idering his laborious and often harassing duties, enjoyed, up 
ige, a tolerable Pleasure of health. His '* BecoUedtons," to 
ippears to have added from time to time, as memory restored 
nteresting eyents and reminiscences of his earlier years, seem id 
ninated abruptly in 1836. He died in his house in deorge's Sq 
mrgh, on the 12th July 1888, uniyersall^ regretted, esteemed, 
lot more for his learning, piety, and social qualities, than as one 
*emaining links which connect Scottish literature and social 





their langauge mast have been a dialect of the Cdtic. I nill not cool 
kl)out tliQ tiutne of tbia people; althoa^li there is sctGcient evidcnoe ihi 
wuB written (;orniptlj- by the Roraana. What pardculwlj- deimtails 
atteutioB, in the origin of the people themEelves : aad also tbcir li 
wlietber it vt&a Qothic, or Celtic 

It would serve do good purpose to enter into my HaCfftia.'di 
tbo BUppoeed time of their arrival in this coontiy. As tliia dissw 
intended merely in subserviency to the following work, it will bo ■ 
it' it appear that tUere is gaud reason to view them as a Ciothic n 

I. HisTOitiCAL EviDKKCE. — The testimony of venerable Bede 1 
nniversally respected, exuepl in as far ae his orednlity might be v 
intlueuced by ecclesiastical attachnieut, It Log been sappoe 
many of tlie legendary etorios, now found in his hiBtorj-, w 
by him ; ail, in a variety of instances, atthoogh they appear in the A 
translation, they are wanting in the original- Being (he oaHie^I liista 
of this island, be mast have been best qnalified to give a ju&t accom 
tlie Pic'ts; and althongb we ahould suppose liim to have boon m 
ecclesiastical influence in matters of religion, he could have no end to a 
iu giving a false account of the origin of this people. Tet> on this sab 
even the testimony of liede has been treated as unworthy of mgt 
bocauso it is directly eversive of eystem. 

He says — "Cum plurimam insnlffi partem, incipientes ab anstro 
eedisBeut (Brlttones), contigit gentem Pictomm de Scythia, ut perhih 
longis navibns non multia oceunnra ingroBsam," &c. Lib. i. 1. "W 
they [the Britons], be^nnmg at the South, bad made themselves mftt 
of the greatest part of the island, it happened tJiat the nation of Uie P 
coming into the ocean from Scythia, ae it is reported, iu a few lon^ slii 
&o. AiYer giving an account of their landing in Ireland, and of their b 
lulvised by t!ie Scots of that country to steer towards Britnin, he sdt 
" Ila({ue pctenteB Uritanniam Picti, habitare per scptentrionalcs ins 

P tries ooeperunti nam anstrioa Brittonea ououpavernnt." Ibid. " 
lots, accordingly sailing over into Britain, began to ialiahit tbenoTll 
parts of it, for the Britons were poBsessed of the sonthoru." 

There is not tho slightest reaaon to doubt, that, by the Britons, he rai 
the Welsh ; as this is tlie name by nbicb he designs this people. It Is 
known that Scandinavia bad been called Scythia by Jomandes, two 
tiiries before Bedo's time. D« Orig, Get. pp. 5!l5-&y7. Is it said 
JJede lived too long after the eotlloment of the Picts, to know any tl 
certain as to their origin ? It is snIScieiit to reply, tiiat he nn<loubt 
gives the received belief of bis time, which had been trnm-mitted from 
coding ages, and which no writer, for nearly nine hundred years sSUXi 
ever ventured to controvert. If Bedo could not know whonci -_ 
came, it can hardly he supposed that wo ahould have superior i 
in formation. ' 

Bedo was certainly well acqnniDted with the Britons or Wdalj 
although it should bo supposed that he had been misiclormcd t 
origin of the Piuix, bis aaiiertion amoanta to a fall proof that tbey'^ 
quite a diflerent people from the fomi*r. For had they been Welsl 
indeed Celts of any description, tlio similarity of language could notj 
entirely escaped liis obscrvallou. If an iatclligent Highlandet 
day, ailur a national separation of nearly fourteen hundred ye^l 

i after J 

1 1^1 


Gauls : it is the topography of North-Britain, during the second and I 
centuries, as it contains a thousand facts, which solves all these dovbUj f 
settles all controversy about the lineaj^ of the Picts." Caled. tU sup. 

Although Bede knew somewhat about the names of places in Nor 
Britain, we, in the nineteenth century, can form a fiir more certain jui 
ment : and so powerful is this single argument from topography, ai 
invalidate all other evidence arising from direct historical testimony. 

Neunius, who wrote about the year 858, informs us, that " the Pi 
came and occupied the islands called Orkneys, and afterwards, frt>m i 
adjacent islands desolated many large regions, and took possession 
those on the left, •.«*• the north coast (sinistradi plaga) of Britain, where tl 
roniain even to this day/* ** There," he adds, '' they held the third part 
Britain, and hold it even until now." Cap. o. ap. Gbde, I. 99. 

Mr. Pinkerton has made a remark, the force of which cannot easily 
sot aside, that both Neunius and his coadjutor Samuel ^^ were Welch," a 
that " therefore their testimony is conclusive that the Piks were not Wei 
for they speak of the Piks» wliile the Pikish name was in full powo 
Euquiry, 11. 101. 

That the Picts were not Welsh, appears also from the testimony 
Gildas, an earlier British writer, who caUs them a iranfmcurine nation, w 
came, ab itquilotu\ from the north. Ap. Gale, LI. 

The Saxon Chronicle, which seems to have been begun about the yc 
1000, perfectly concurs with these testimonies^ The account given oft 
I^cts is so similar to that of Bode« that it would almost seem to have be 
copievl from his history. It is moro minute in one point ; as it is said tb 
they came, ex Australi |>arte Soythiae, ** fn>m the south of Scythia." 

The northern origin of the Picts seems to have been admitted by Bom 
writers. I shall not urgv the well-known testimony of Tacitus, with respc 
to the striking rvsoniblanoe of the Caledonians to the Germans ; for, n( 
withstanding the (vurtiality of former ages for this ancient writer, as i 
accurate investigator and tisdthful historian, we are now told, that '' TacU 
talked about the origin of the Caledonians and Germans^ like a man iri 
was i,k: verj sk\i/ul in such investigations ; and who preferred dedamaik 
to inquiry.'' Caled. p. ii'2, 2<f. 

The testimony oi Claudiar, who was coeval with the Emperor Yalei 
dnian I., deserves our atteutioi . 

-MAiwrssL Sax!»« fteft. 

Orcftitf;<w Iscal'^: lV;.v3aL *»~f»^'^** T^ik. 

Goodall, in his Introduction to Fordun. observes on this passage, tlii 
although the Komans slew the Saxons in the Orkneys, it does not folby 
that thev wei^ either the inhabitants of the Orknevs. or of Britain. Bi 
cue ccnsequence is unavoidable, — that even in this early period the SaxoH 
weT« acquainted with the Orkneys. Henct\ also, it seems highly probabli 
that they were in a state of conlederacy with the Piots, as being a kindrs 

Stillinglleet's reasoning conceminsr the testimony of Eumenins is 
strone. ** In his Puiecvrick,*' savs the Bishop, ** he takes notice of th 
different state of the Britons, when C«sar subdued them, from what the 
were in Constantius his time. * Then,' saith he, * they were a mde, balj 
naked peii^itle, and so easily vanquished ; but now the Britons were exerciMi 
by the amift of the Picts and the Irish,* Nothing can be pUDcr^ than tin 

aawMd by CeiM. 

B« iiiiiiii II tiM OoB w«« MM bM Cite aGva 

Otf* Am mnatrf} hmk smbm t» tfensk tbtt is was SHm 
tTiililMiii «&. Farv m &r a« I esa patonv, tb* onif | 
■fpalM ti^ ■• tbM of dem bnar 'otij two liwgw («n 
bavd on tU wvtBB Ada of lfa» Kkim^. Am Ci^ ^ ite tS 
- I to Ton by AMvna. Bn, baevM H 

rn. The S«a«^ «bM cm Um I j ««r bo6 CdM^ « 
nf n tbe tiac rf Jolna ChMar, ■owiHS the i 
' i|e; wmA Koe inighhwiiiift iauitam. Tttm OtMir>'wu| 
— Bj ammj, ia6eoi, tha^ l^n bHB Tw««d a* CbIIk. ] 
wntcra «r tfae Uanvml HmCvt. vkm Mr. riwliii oOib qMli 
iwpeet. otHn* tu tkk hMd— ' Ike kvMd Gnti«^ rad aAw Uil 

tf[fc«», ■■J »«t nf th« -««k..» -.rt.^, —U.*.^ -^^ II ■■■■ll 

*«K «rf ^ ftM« «iybU, that tke GufaoMM, Getei, ni (^^M « 
Md Iba aiM Mbn; tbtt SoMiinnftina fim pee^ br ibiB. I 
fron tkoM* Ik^ MM MkaiH taw th» id*ad» of the Bakk^ Ifae CI 
aa% aod tbc a^fwrak piMM. T«t ^a/titatm oT whaikutts." ToL xli 
A 107 «Ue wd kwnad writer, wW has paM partMkr aNM 
tte aolqact, eontaiidi that "iha GnM. wbov m eaumaotiM 11 
TntOMa, inndnd Half, aad wm dafaatad hy Xariaa." ««• QaOl 
"■"toy," he HJ1, "wbaaoa Ihoy pcoomdad. dietr deae aUaaM 
[l^itbc tribe, and tha d— uriptiu n ^na of t^n by the Onvk mm 
^Monan^ wbo appear la hatra coasidend them gf ifaa Bne laea 1 
Tntnaea. daarijr prwa tfaea l» bma baea of OanMa aim. (1 
«»«»; Ln7, EpiL L. 68; Fan^'a Pi^oa to HaUat'a Kanh. Anlfa 
MaOet, mL L i-L} To tbeaa coaaidwationa ii naj be add^dTl 
a«w of Aeir l-der. Boii»^ i. ewieeUy of Gwkii atravte*! « 
■Z^^iT!?' " ^ *»«»i*i«» of Oannaor, nrtteolaHr and « 
■»to the faw ihbea wbo appaknj aM to be Omaaos, U entinl 


w ipec tm g the Celtio origin of the Cimbri ; and in his acconnt points ont no 
difference between them and the other inhabitants. Tacit. OtenxL 37." 
Edin. Ber. for Jnly 1803, pp. 367, 368. 

The SuUmes have never been viewed as Celts, bnt generally acknow- 
ledged as the more immediate ancestors of the Swedes, although some say, 
of the Danes. The SUones, also a Scandinavian nation, were settled in 
diese northern regions before the time of Tacitus. Ga^ar testifies, that 
ihe Tentones and Cimbri, before his time, patrum nostrorum memoria^ after 
haraBsing all Ghinl, had attempted to enter into the territories of the Belgae. 
GaiL lib. iL o. 4. 

Bat when ancient writers insinuate any thing unfavourable to our 
anibar's hypothesis, he refuses to give them credit. We have seen with what 
fineedom l^kcitus is treated on another point. Here he meets with the same 
treatment, although in good company. *' When J. Caesar and Tacitus speak 
of Celtio colonies proceeding from Graul into Germany, they only confound 
those recent colonies with the ancient people, who appear to have been 
mknown to those celebrated writers. Strabo, wJio was not well informed 
with regard to Western Europe, acquaints us, indeed, that the Daci ah 
aidkqitOj of old, lived towards Cfermany, around the fountains of the Danube. 
VoL L 446. If his notion of antiquity extended to the age of ELerodotus, 
ire might learn firom the &ther of history, that the Danube had its springs 
aaoDg the Celtae." Caled. p. 15. N. 

Respectable as the testimony of Herodotus is, it cannot, in this 
instuioe, be preferred to that of Strabo ; for it is evident that he knew very 
little of the Celts, and this only by report. The accurate and intelligent 
Bennell does not lay much stress on the passage referred to. '* Our 
author," he says, *' had heard of the Celtae, who lived beyond the colunms 
of Hercules, and bordered on the Cynesiae or Cynetae, the most remote of 
all the nations who inhabited the western parts of Europe. — Who the latter 
ir«re intended for, we know not." Geog. Syst. of Herod, pp. 41, 42. 

If the ancient inhabitants of Germany were unknoum to Caesar and 
Tadtns, with what consistency is it said, only in the page immediately 
preceding, where the writer speaks of Mascou's work on the ancient 
Gennane, that " the Gothic people," whom he '' considers as the first 
lettlers of his country,— obviously came in on the Celtic aborigines ; as ice 
kam from J. Caesar and Tacitus f " Caled. p. 14, N. Could these cele- 
brated writers acknowledge the Celts as aborigines, although '* the ancient 
people" who inhabited Germany, '* appear to have been unknown to" 

He also takes it for granted, that the Goths were a difierent people 
from the Scythians. 

" Evciy inquiry," he observes, " tends to demonstrate, that the tribes 
who originally came into Europe by the Hellespont, were remarkably 
different, in their persons, their manners, and their language, from those 
people who in afler ages migrated from Asia, by the more devious course, 
around the northern extremities of the Euxine, and its kindred lake. This 
striking variety must for ever evince the difference between the Oothic and 
the Scyihianhordes^hxywG^er they may have been confounded by the inaccu- 
racy of some writm, or by the design of others." Ibid. p. 12. 

Tfaia assertion seems to have at least the merit of novelty. It is 
probablj hagarded by our author, because he wishes it to appear that the 


I the Scj^faians c 
ic« as to be abia to f 

OoUb did not eater 1 , 

nlao, that the former were ne««r m> powetfol s 

kgnat port of Europe. Bat we need doC qieti^ 

contams all the proof that ia exhibited. X shall otily add, that, a 

to Rennell, the Sc^thia of HArndotaa snsirers genet«llj tii tbs Uli 

^ its fire* river ooi the west hein^ the Danabe^" Gi.H>g. SjrsL ^ S 

author admitd, that, daring the fifth oetitarT befinu our cummoa 

Qoths " inhabited the westen dioree of tiie EuJae, on the aoath] 

Danabe." Caled.ppi.l2,13L Hepkceathemeonaarlrao theai 

Herodotus, that he cannot eanly prore that thoee. whom be callfl f 

were not the eame people whom "the &tber <tf history " oaUa P * 

The accniate Beviewer, fonnerlT quoted, has ebown that, a 
DtodaniA Sicuhu, the Soythiuis ffitued beyond the IWoata, on i 
of Thraoe, heftwe the time of Sesostris, who, it is rappoaed, flooriahadS 
IKH) A.O. Henee he considere the opinioti, iodepeiideBlly of i' 
endettoe, that " &00 a-c^ thej had advanced to the western exti 
Gaul, as by no means absurd or improbable." Edin. Bev. ut mp. p. fl 

He afterwanls shows that Strabo (lib. vii. p. 2^, Causob.) " 
COtisiders the Getae as a Scythian tribe ;" addiiig, " Pliny saya, * £ 
Borystheoes, over the whole adjoining mnntty, all are SeyAiam i_ 
diSerent tribes of whom dwell near ite'^Mnks: in one part the '• 
whom the Romans call the I'^ici.' Hist. Not lib. ir. c. 1'.!. ZamA 
mentioned by Herodotns, ilelp. p. 2S9 ; and by Stnbo [ai eap.] ■ 
shipped by the Getae ; and (he aathors of the EtyauA. Hag., and i 
(in TOO. ZiinttiliU) anderstimd the Oelae of Herodotns, whom they qa 
bo Scythians." Ibid. p. 359. 

Perhaps the strangest foandation of Ur. C.'s theory, is his 4 
with respect to the langaBge of the Belgae. He is well aware, I 
appear from ancient history that their speech was Gothic, his wfaolb 
must fall to the ground; becnnse it is nndenisble, that Belgic colon! 
BOttled in Britain before thj invasion by Jalios Caeaiu'. To i 
existence of the Belgae in Britain, when it was drst visited by the Ji_ 
had always appeared an irre&agi^Jo proof that the Gothic langn^ 
very early spoken, if not in the northern, at least in the sonthem, { 
onr island ; and of itself a strong presnmptiou that it was pretty ga 
extended aJong the eastern coast. But our anthor boldly CDtfi tlie G 
knot; finding it easier, donbtless, to do so than to loose it 

"The Britifih Belgae," he says, "were of a Celtic lineage."— 
inqniry with regard, both to the lineage and folouixation of tho F 
Britain, has arisen, by inference, mtber tli&n by direct infortnatMn 
J. Caesar, when he speaks of the Belgae as occupying one-third <4 
and as using a different tongne from the other Ganls. Do Bell. Gall,' 
1. Yet from the intimations of Livy and Strabo, Pliny and I 
may infer, that J. CacBar meant dial&t, when he iipcike of langi 
ongbt to be allowed to exphun his own meaning by his context, 
wuds says, ' that the Belgae were chiefly descended from the <. _ 
and, passing the Bhine, in ancicot times, seized the nearest cuontiy 
GanU.' Ibid. lib. tL c 4. But Germany, as we bore eoeo, waa pa 
by th« Celbio, in ancititt tiitK*," Ac Caled. p. 16. K. 

It is evident that the learned writer, notwithstanding the foree 
toric^ evidence to the contrary, ia extremely nnwilliug to admit Aut i 


IB hngwigf, ewtoOH^ sad Inra ; yet w« anst belims that fae meuit noUfi 
iDon IfakB tbat then w«m so^ aliglit dilfeveaGe in Jiiabd. jUtltongfa 
MsertB Ast ^^07 wm ■■oiitlT' sfrong frnn tfa* GenoBiti, we mnot ulb 
that b; tbcn ba eMwr mc— I QmIs, or was ao( awioaintad with his mtAt 
The reatler nukj take his dwies ; Car, tn tie dootae of two pagvo, both w 
asaartioBS an Hrade. 

Tbe lesinod gcntlmam aaems, mdeed, to faavo oreHookod a 
&ct of tbe gntibetx unpocteBaa ia this inqniijri which has beea m 
clearaat light bj a wdl-inEonBed writer, to whom I hare had t 
refer mora than otm. This raqieets the a{ipUc«tian of the a 
iumI b; ancMnt hitionana. 

" Tbe Greek aatfaon appeals to ve K<Xn«^ and r<aXaT«M, a 
retpoodiiqc oaoMS of tbe iidMbitaata, aa strictly ajtuMjmxms : tbey am 
tbna aome tim es to Ganl to geoanl ; at o«her toora the context pnina tl 
they are Ttsed in their origiaat eeoos. Bnt Bdgic Oani and its mhalntai 
ara most freqaentlf deootrd bj the words, KiXtu^ and KiXwu. Tbo Bek 
appear to have attracted Bioat uf the aUeaiion of tbeae histortaos ; and lb 
description of them in so onifbna and aocniaie, that no doabt old be ea% 
tained that they Bwaa tbe Belgie Gaals althoogb tbey call tbem. KAt 
Stfsbo, qteakii^ of the inh a N iantB of Britain, cays — 'The okeii an tal 
than tbe Oaals {iww KcXntr), and their hair lasa toUow.' Lib. iv. 
l&i, SCO. In his deecnptioi of Oenaan-, ■ Imnedtatelj bejond the Bbii 
to the east of tbe Celts, the Gemaits bte, difivring little tma tbe Gd 
rwx (tmt KtXianm), in their saTageneaK, lallneat, and yellowaees of baj 
and with respect to feattuea, enstams, and modes of life, rer; like tbe Gw 
(to** KfXTon), whom we b*ve alnadj desrnbed : wherefure it b onr opini 
that tbe Romans hare giTen them itrj pruperlT tbe name Germami, imp' 
ing the conuDom origin of the Oaale {r«KAnn) and them." Lib. riL p. 2! 
T^ bithAiliMes and exact infoRnatMa of thui anthor are w^ known : < 
nay, tfaerefote, oomsder bis deaer i p ti on of the Oaals as aocntata 1 bfifc 
will applf only to tbe Geraian or Belpo Gasls. Yellow or red hair d 
tingnisbed a Oertaan tribe. There was no neenhlasoe between the Gfli 
nod Germans. Diodorss Skolas git-ss a verjr particwlar d«9criptiOB 
Ganl (raXoTwo, KiXniri|) ; and it is erident that these tenne are fteqiMal 
emplojed when bo is speaking of that port which Caesar, from whom . 
has taken his descriptiotL, eays was inbabitvd hf the BeJgae. He also a 
ptvssiTel; says, — * TTie Oaak (r»)uii«) ara tall, &ir sldnned, and natural 
yellow hair«d.' Lib. t. p. i\2. Polybgas. oiu- antber aaaerte^ deserib 
the Oaols wbo pllsgtd Rome under Brcanue, aa Cella : be certainly tal 
them Celts (raXan', K(Xtbi) ; bul his eniuneratiaB and d eeer ipti oa of ttu 
difiercnt tribes pau it beyond a doabt thai they were Gennaa Ganla. f 
particalariy names and describes ibe Vencti, ScBinones, and BoiL Inb. 
p. 42, Edit. Ba& lh*9. Wc have the expreas toslitiMiny of Stnbo, that tl 
first were German Gauls, Lib. ir. p. IMi and tbe otben areenumetatedl 
Tacitus among tbe tribes of Genoany ; Tacit. Gmib. c. 88, 3d. It luay I 
objected, that Poljbiua tiietiti<ms the GriUs as ocxBing from a oooatrj tsi 
tenKiUt from any assigned to them by Tacitos and Strsbo. Bat. in the tSst 
of tlu fitst bistoriao, tbe Bomana were entirely ignonml of Qornia]^ 
aad knew very little of IWnsalpine Gaul, and Ihmfoca oould not mentic 
the Bunee or lituatioa of the cmuiry whence the inradera originally «»m 
Polybius oayB, they proceeded into Italy from tbe ai^Qinlag tvrntary on tl 


"th : this wofild be direcUj on their rente from Grermanj : and as they 
1 most probably occnpied it for some time, Polybius, both from this cir- 
nstanoe «ad bis want of information, would consider it as their ori^nal 
permanent residence. Longolins, in his edition of Taciti Genncunia, shews 
it the appellations, Semnones and Boii, are eyidently derived from the 
rtfiiCy and particiilarly applicable to the situation and manners of those 
bes. Tacit. Crerm. edit Longol. c. 38, 39. Pausanias calls both the Celtic 
d Belgic inbabitants of Ghiul, FaXaTai and KeXrai ; but as his authority 
less important, and his descriptions not so full and definite, we shall only 
fer to him. Pausanias, lib. L pp. 16, 62, ^Q ; Lib. z. p. 644, &c. Edit. 
rlbnr. HanoY. 1613. 

^ It is still more evident that the terms OalUa and Oalli are frequently 
iploryed by the Latin authors, when their observations and descriptions 
» applicable only to Belgic Gkkul and its inhalntants. We need not illus- 
ile this point by the examination of any particular passages, as it is 
nerally admitted, and easily proved." Edin. Bev. ut sup, pp. 366, 367. 

Bat the assumptions of the learned writer, which we have considered, 
e merely preparatory to the etymological evidence from Topography, which 
i views as an irrefragable proof of his hypothesis. We shall first advert 
what is said in order to shew that the Belgae were Celts. 

** The topography of the five Belgic tribes of Southern Britain," he 
serves, ** has been accurately viewed by a competent surveyor [ Whitaker, 
muine Hist, of Britons, pp. 83-145], and the names of their waters, of 
eir head-lands, and of their towns, have been found, by his inquisitive 
ipeetion, to be only significant in the Celtic tongue." Caled. p. 16. 

Candour requires that it should be admitted, that the Celtic dialects 
sm to excel the Gothic in expressive names of a topographical kind. The 
ihs have undoubtedly discovered greater warmth of fancy, and a more 
toral vein for poeti(»l description, than the Gothic or Teutonic tribes. 
leir nomenclatures are, as it were, pictures of the countries which they 
labit. But at the same time, their explanations must be viewed with 
serve, not oidy because of the vivid character of their imagination, but on 
xmnt of the extreme ductility of their language, which, from the great 
ftnges which it admits in a state of construction, has a far more ample 
ige than any of the Gothic dialects. Hence, an ingenious Celt, without 
i appearance of much violence, could derive almost any word from his 
ither-tongue. Our author has very properly referred to Bullet's Diction- 
ire, in proof of *' the great variety of the Celtic tongue ;" Calcd. p. 221. 
r any one. who consults that work, must see what uncertain ground he 
ads on in the pursuit of Celtic etymons. 

The learned gentleman asserts, that the names in the five Belgic pro- 
loes of South Britain are " only significant in the Celtic tongue." I dare 
: pretend to say that I can give the true meaning of any of them, in 
>ther langoage ; because there is little more than conjecture on either 
e. But if it can be proved, that they may have a signification, in the 
thic or Teutonic, as well as in the Celtic — and one at least fully as prob- 
B — this argument must appear inconclusive. 

**Tho Belgic Cantos^ in Kent," he says, "derived their significant 
oe from the districts which they inhabited ; being the British Caint, 
lifying the open country." This observation he applies, and it must 
ly eqojilly well, to ** the Canine in North Britain ;" p 17. By the way, 

■:y 15 

:: =LiT re c'r^-rraL zhiz xi* is % £ea:r:Dt£«i of which our author sec 
r«rc^"-:.*rlT ::c:i ; aI-c;-:^ it is c-f a i-err eeaeral natnre. For, as he ai 
r i. I. it^z li-e P-n* r^foeiTe-i frc= tie Briiifh provincials the descripl 
arr^llir:.-- :c Jr.riar, wiiri ~drz.:ted ihe people of tfke open country;'* 
:ir verr a;iz::^ r^re* cxrlkirizj: r^v;, the cazjc of a /■.'im, he deriyes it fr 
*• Srlusi /■.>■•«•. wlii^i. iz. i.v=ip.-6i::r::. is t?:^*r, signihiag the open counir 
Till* alsc sCt«^ lie ffurilirr :■: the liz^zice: as the same word may 
t*::Jiir -^-•-\ .-«> .", :r v^ -■-:. B-t izirfii t?: ih^ C-Jn^-J* receive their na 
:V.n A'.tci. :^:i G-frzi- cza:^ an exir^pmity, a comer; margo, eztremil 
:-::^.:i> : I'^res n:5 liis =ure Tiirtic^lirij desonbe the situation? Sdiilt 
I l".,i. VA a:: .\ iiis nsie tie sazi* rrs^mdon which had occorred to i 
Hi rtfers tc Cic-sy^. wi.-» ini-jei describes X*i- as if he had viewed I 
:::-~i^ ^ ii-s<:rli:ive c: its sir^rl -n : Cti;:i5 a&om lams est contra Gralliai 
hu'us lAiens iltcT .: ..-^'w— es: ai Car^iinEi. Bell. GalL Lib. v. 13. U 
A .2^^ iiT :::.'rt df^'rlphre iLan Brit, n.-^i-". of the situation of the Cantae 
Norrii Br:::iir« wh,-* itihabired lie Eist o: RosB-shire : and whose coanta 
AS our author ohscrresk r. Oc, " ri=. 0:1: eastward into the nivrow point" m 
vv»Iled Tarlxr-neso^ T-iere i» at icAsi o=e river in Kent, the name of whi 
is not British. This is ih^ IT:-:.*.;. , A. S. J/rf^Mf/t, i e. the river whi 
runs thrvnch the '.:.:'. f.V c: tie tv-ntrv, or holds the miJieay. It is pi 
Ixible that this was the R-lr. =^=:e, which the A.-Saxons retained, becan 
the Welsh call Maids:cr.e, t".: ' ^f-SKi rz\ L e. the dtyon Mediray. 
C*!uden. The term H'tT; ,- or 'r v, appears indeed in the name given to 
i:; :he Innerarv o:' Ar.tcr.i:ie, rj.*:-.jcj^. 

Mr. Chalmers derives the name of the Thames from Brit Ta tr, Tm 
^k\ '■ sigtiifvir.c what exi\ar.ds or spreads, or what is calm." This rivi 
w:;:ch is or;e of the boundaries o: Kent, has also beea explained as signijica 
in a Goth, diultvr, bv a writer who had no interest in the present qnestio 
"There arv two rivers in Er-jrland," he savs, "of which the one is vol 
mpivi, and is ealle^l JIV'-^-. whence ■.:: :{r-..i. praeceps ire : the other Tenu 
which is alliums: stagnate, whence j- teniAi,'^ He explains eg iavM-a^ paol' 
lum nxovev^r. G. Andr. p. ioT. 

In Kent, acvvrviinc 10 Antonine's Itineranr, three towns have Dnr x 
the initial svllable : Vur>v-:ri\uv»^ Tvir iV.'ifj- :, and hurohriciy or as Camdc 
5^*vs, more correct Iv, Ln*r. r .--.wie*. J^ur, it has beensaid« in British and IrisJ 
siciiitles water : Caled. p. 17. X. But the idea is too general and indefinit 
to have given rise to so nianv names a.s in different counties, exhibit this f 
ii coni]Hmcnt term; as l^tavoirim??!, a Belgic town, now DurMede^ tu 
Schilter has observeii, that, in composition, it signifies a door or montl 
li'Stium. Now, although the word oconrs in Celtic compositions, it seem 
originally Teutonic. The primary idea is janna. a i/'>.»r, which sense it stl 
retains in almost all the dialects of this language. Brit, dor has the sam 
meaning. But the Tent, term is far more general. 

The liegni of Sussex were another Belgie tribe. Baiter says, tha 
Ptolemy wrote 7i i'jni for Ecnci ; and derives the name from C. B. rhen^ 
i^uiTLs longus ordo, as lying along the coast. He admits that Bolg.refte ha 
the same meaning, ordo, series; also flexus, flexns viarum, A'j. ; Kilian 
It has therefore at least an equal claim with the British. The only cib 
mentioned by Ptolemy in this district is youtomagiis. Magus, according U 
Wachter, is a Celt word signifying a field, also a colony or town in a field 
It frequently occurs in the composition of continental names, en being usee 

lTdis :j rzs ca^s 

Azi Oat:*?, re >- *t':^-* ' it? £T-Lix«i ic zik-r^ reen Beljic tribes ;" Ibid, t 
I?\ ir. y. Tixi vTat^^":'.-- :c V.t-i cr^^"*" irrrjT^— idoa to the orthograp 

ii.c^ & Tc*-ci:iir,:cy. r-i.: lie zAzi-* — ^' "r«= Irrlred. in the same seni 
ivci '^^. "i-'.T. <r^ "-'*^ k •»-Ar»:ii-rj -w^r. ikZ.i -i^::":--, a promontory; q. tl 

lA:tt*r y*r: .-^'tj:*? "W-'ri zz^kj- ':^ tr:iL y^':-iz: :t yzr-^^x, the river Xaver 
V -■■"■- 1 r, l^--v-*=.>'ry-bc-i.:. THAT re :v:nr».>sc-i. c: lal r:*. ora, and ced 

wVc.vrz.irjr y. -^■' tn, N.■ls^-^^»i- :* Li* reen saii, sKat **the woi 

Trrj ^.'u.'..i «<=:i :c rjit-c "S^c a ,v ::i arr*:llk:i:=. to plaoes, I 

l\:v.4r.>"."ttT Hiifci, « :^v.x ii-r-e? ^wic- Prj^f—T wT*::e\ At tiua day, 
sir.v."j*r rr."~*..*-tcrT -.- Trr -.>jfcZ:i. .c Wa11> iz. v.*rEj€T. is termed the Ber 

»*«* ^--XT, >i a jt^^.a: ^..srAz..-^:. i vAriyriij. ^TACist. a:o. tux. loo. n 
:ui<uti.f, r-.-'wcwr. :!,: wr.:^? Aryl?i> -lu' **■--■= i".- -i ; .^7^. to Dongisbay Heal 
Iw s*vs. :hA: *":>.^rc -.> n,*-: & y'^w li^cc^jc: :ie turish. whose naaa 
:u,v..tfc;os tlv >Jbs: Af?.r-.:T r^*' li^- v.Ttel:^\ rjirci.y'^^yy.zr^j' be irom. taerM 
Aiurtrc, Ai-.i it..'-, itfiuvit*:** . ti^s rrcn:it*:rr wbcrs tie rf^m rend* c 

wrr.tvTY V : :h-.> :r;;v ^^< :>-- V-.-z .i-sr..- - u .\ jr M:irr*T Friih, into whic 

J * . •> p^^r .:- ^^ r..Ar.> .vV-— ., ilv r.^vi: .: tibe <«. azi L.vj fK>m a^l om 
I *x:^x:v:.;ur.; «.:,:.v, -.hv :-w - :>.e ^r*:,-. V^. CLil^er^ ars. that tin 

3^ tijtf Cu-vij was also cAlicvi Jc^w, w. Hence Aeelfiii 


■ VrlaAitkMfe'abnvSlBfi^. IlMf* w Ml BeovMtr tb 
i^pKf » r^Hi^ K * vvw^ nf a^Hs <p. 3S) abimld ba naoi 

fUtf M wdl; on, ^M^ ; Wt* 
■MfBO Iw twrneei to U. rs^ 

Sdm, ft |»wrwlwj. p. 37. akj be alEad to Tw . . 

mm BiOBs psemtas; Fnae. f«>, id. AfcbMgh C B. brMfa a 
■BMi, a HKwt, mad Cm. ims * ■ok. » [■iM^adiwj, Uwj • 
e with Id. iTMaa, hmUuh poBsctam. 

f Ifae fmn, Ac, p. S7, tfe fart nmlMMd *f* WUte d 
• ' s bMcd to CL B. moetf «r, nuni ' 

wmetj gireti- 'btfoor k 
etpknted, it is rasohnd, u all t 
1 knows it o^t to be, bibk Vfbite voftr. ABn, J/ko, £)>m 
, p. 38, an daiaed as of Bnt. ongia. Alan. f^IamJe d<nuib 
~ faainarR. iiw. rf/*, bomwr, sonifies a river; in i 
inflected torn, al^va er el(«a. Hence, as ima bea ssppOMd, the SIh i 
Germanj, IaL JO-u. Air ia tiaeed lo C B. air, brigfatDees, ur «u 
Tiolenoei IsL arr enfmfemia to the lattec, Airwaa ; mthhI, to raf^, oe^ 
to tabe to tbrj. Jraa, a rirer, mar be allied to So. G. oii, wat«r, i 
geoenl, » river, wbicb ksubcs t>ie toSectcd fcna of uom. T. BvdbMil 
AlUat. iL &2. itoMorbani does not appear lo bs a ilimiti. trota Garl. hi» 
H in p. LI). tiDt a GrUk. naow : F. Bufsocs tn Durt. ikflo (C. K l>«U«i>, 
tamnltaoiu ngiog Etream): IsL MJ-o, to be driTon wiUi noise, and « 
water. The n&me Bnin {O. Gad. a stnam, C B. vbat rises over, ji. 39, 
mn^ ori^alc from its lucidily : Genn. frrii>i<i, drar, bnglit. 

The riTiers which liave Uw name C'lltfrr, are derived frcnn Brit, ta/en 
dur, the bard water, or wU-Jwr, Ir. nnilUur, tbe wood.T water, p. * 
The latter is moet uatiinil ; bevnuse, wben tbb naioe WM given, it mtut b 
euppoeed that the coontr; was almost on* wood, lal. taelda aigniBes ai 
impure spring of nicr, or livioif water in putrid anil tnaniby (^und j 1 
O. AaOr. The Dean (p. 41), migbt proporlv enougb be traced to Gm 
dwt-en, hamiliare, as it is a ven,- tlal sUram, that creeps along throng 
StratliTnore ; as iIcpi, a amaU dale, Mvms m nckiionli*dgo the sam* origic 

3. locos deprcsBUs. Dm nod D-'*ii dnrircd from C. B, dowit, Ir. d-M, dv-l 
oslcy i or (touoi, deep, maj be from Goth. lUm-a alrepeni, Co make a noiM 


Iden (deduced from C. B. eddain^ a gliding stream, p. 43), might be traced 
to A. B. ca, water, a river ; and den, a vale. The very prevalent name of 
EA, notwith atan ding its evident affinity to O. Granl. esc, wyec, C. B. wysg, 
Ii. ttuc, uisg^ water, a stream, a river, cannot reasonably disclaim all Goth, 
iffinitj. For IsL acoss is the genitive of wattn, water, G. Andr. pp. 248, 
2411, the form of -which is retained in Gbrm. wasser, aqoa, flavins. Wachter 
obaervea, that Belg. esch or cuch denotes a stream. This he indeed views 
II fnrmed from Celt, isca, Bnt this is at least very donbtfnl ; for this good 
TMion, that the Goth, dialects retain the obvions origin of the name for 
witer, as well as the primary idea, in vos, perfnsio aqnsB, &c. ; V. Diet. vo. 
WiczB, V. For, as the learned Hyde says, the reason why water has re- 
edred this name is |>lainly becanse it otuieth out. Hence he expl. Oxford, q. 
vub-fort^ either ihejord, or the castle, on the water. Even the designa- 
tion Car-leon^ttr-'USCj i. e. the city of the Legion on the river is not exclu- 
nvelj Celt. For Wormins, in like manner, thns explains Dan. os or ois ; 
OstiDin flnminis ; vel sinnm maris notat. ; Monnm. Dan. pp. 195-196. 
The Banic letter 6L or Oys, is thns defined ; Sinns maris promontoriis 
acBtionlmB excarrentibns, nantis infestis : vel etiam ostinm maris portnm 
navibos praebens. Liteiat. Ban. c. xvi. p. 87 : V. also Jnn. Gl. Goth. p. 
2^ To this day, Isl. wos signifies the month of the river ; Verel. 

Nothing can be inferved from Ey, in Eymonth, &c p. 44 ; for it is un- 
questionably Gk)th. If it appears in Celt, in the forms of aw, ew, ea, ey, a 
rifec, we find Sn. G. a, Sn. G. Isl. aa, A. S. ea, pi. aea, Alem. aha, id. 
Germ, aehe^ elementnm aqnae, Moes. G. aquha, id. ; Y. Ihro, vo. Aa, amnis. 
Gorry (derived from C. B. garw, Jr. garbh, what is roup^h, a torrent), may 
he resolved into A. S. gare^ geartc, expeditns, and ea, aqna, q. the rapid 
ntifftm, S. the yare stream. Lyne (C. B. what is in motion, what flows, p. 
46), may Jbe sillied to Isl. lirir-ur, .Germ, lind, mild gentle. I/unan is traced 
to Celt, lufiy Ion, lyn, what flows, water, a lake, a pool. Isl. Ion, stagnnm, 
lacuna. Now, it is admitted, that ^ the Lunan in Angas, from its tranquil 
flow, settles into a nnmber of small pools." There is no ncoessity for de- 
riving Lidj which indeed seems the proper name of the river vulgarly called 
Liddal or lAddel, from C. B. lUd, "a violent effusion, a gush;" or "O. 
Ganlish lid, hasty, rapid," p. 47. It may be traced to Tent, lijd, transitus, 
fyd-en, to glide ; to Akm. lid, liquor ; to Isl. lid, a bending ; lid-a, to hasten, 
to pass with flight ; or to A. S. hlid, hlyd, tumult, noise, like Lid in Devon- 
ibire, whence LMUfard, A. S. hlyda-ford, which Somner thinks denominated 
from its noisy motion. Nid is derived from C. B. nidd, neth, " a stream 
that forms whirls or turns," p. 47. A. S. nithe is used in a similar sense ; 
miike cne, genibns flexis, with bent knees, from nith-an, deorsum. Nethy and 
Sethan are said to be diminutives of the C. B. word. But ^\'ihan is prob- 
ably from A. S neothan, downwards, q. what descends ; and Nethy may be 
q. neoth-^a, the water which descends, or the stream that is lower, in 
respect of some other. Gn Orr in Fife, and Orr, Urr, in Galloway, Mr. C. 
refers to C. B. or, cold, vnjr, signifying a brisk flow, Basque ur-a, water, a 
river, p. 48. Sn. G. ur denotes stormy weather ; Alem. ur a river, because 
hj inundation it lays waste like a wild beast ; Isl. orra, Martis impetus. 
Pool, in several compound words, is referred to C. B. poidl, Arm, poidl, Grael. 
foU, a ditch, a pool ; and it is said that A. S. pol is from the C. B., this 
woid beine *' in all the dialects of the Celtic, but not in any of the pure 
Gothic diuects ;" p. 48. But Tent, poel is palus, lacuna, stagnum ; Su. G. 


■-- .-.-'J^ 

I r ::i:r" 

LCtt x: 

- '' 


.. & 71. 


... .1 - . 


Si- .- re -J. / . Isv* i -: •. -i-a:'^- - . -I. •- s:z. 3*&ifs. liis is fib 

s'^" TT. i^ ; 1- .j.z:i'i r- - '. -T ::. ^ :r .: ^-r- -t~>s & iiitr^. & rordon, evil 
liir SLZ-'s v.ij. Tz::.:. . ?> i-L ,-. ' - ^:. y.c ^-^ 3k=. te inferred 

* * • ■ ^ 

y ::l-r^ is i:- 1. --lt =S5> :: .tlil t-.-t;.! h^z lj= v-r. w-:ri ccsV^«m was boo 
fr:=:. :j ; iV.r.:- 1: }' -/i .. Xiiirtkri.LeK kz.L i. "':k Perths. be pn 
ucr.Toi. rr.n l-r.i. * ". & r.S5«s^, & r.^i/i. zof ir.-ii- wo;:ild have an 

• • • 

J*. J J :* ASirl. •-> :T^,x"*i. :c v". ix. ■/. ^» »*. ir. *:».»•, rj.n, "a poH 
Eiar^ir. .r '.vr-ifr vf a £t".,i; «bir..v ^*« ", *^r iirzioaxat: Verel. 


rjmuiU havvx*k. wht : J'-;.,;, :o wr&r.^'.e* :c "sofcr -. 1'-. 'a\ tronble, moleat 
2.'.:a:r;. apt to Iv rav*c;r.i:; .•■:..:. at. cvtrwbcixning, or bursting 
i.V/o*ji/, one ihai oquiui«^ a mrao^r^ « ixlir.*n ; JSrwyi-*, the rayagei 

mMt Mbion^ it mt« ira<y. w.^alvi pivw nothing as to the ori 
Brilfiik IVv «o Bjghi nsaaonaUv cuc^uii^ rappaao that the nan 


[iTen iSiein by the neighbouring Celts, who had saffered so much from 
as they invaded and took possession of part of their territories. Bat 
' aatbor commends the Glossaries of Schilter and Wachter as elaborate, 
N. (b), as be jnstly acknowledges the writers to be ^' vastly learned," 
their sentiments merit some regard. Schilter says — " That the name 
Belgae is Q^rman, certainly hence appears, that this people were of 
man origin, and haying crossed the Rhine, yanqmshed the Graals in 
lands which they occupied." He then cites the passage from Caesar, 
irly considered, adding — '* This migration took place before the irruption 
> Cimbri and Teutones, which was A. Ill before Christ; because 
ir says that this was Patrum memoria nostrumj but the other must 
been long before, because he uses the term antiquitus" He derives 
ame from Alem. helg-en^ to be enraged, a term used by Notker, and 
n Alsace and Belgium. Thus Belgae is explained as equivalent to, 
Dsbundi et irritabiles. 

V^achter seems to give the same etymon, to. BcUgen. He observes, 
mcient writers everywhere mark the wrathj^ disposition of the Belgae ; 
Hoticnlarly Joseph us, Antiq. L. xix. c. 1, Bell. Jud. c. 16, when he 
the Germans '* men naturally irascible," and ascribes to them '^ friry 
vehement than that of wild beasts." 

[L — But bendes the evidence arising from histoiy, it certainly is no 
siderable proof that the northern parts of Scotland were immediately 
ed from tibe North of Europe by a Gothic race, that otherwise no 
iactory account can be given of the introduction of the Yulgab 


[t has been generally supposed, that the Saxon language was intro- 
1 into Scotland in the reign of Malcolm Canmore, by his good queen 
ler retinue ; or partly l^ means of the intercourse which prevailed 
sen the inhabitants of Scotland, and those of Cumberland, Northum- 
nd, Westmoreland, and Durham, which were held by the kings of 
and as fiefs of the crown of England. An English writer, not less 
ignished for his amiable disposition and candour, than for the cultiva- 
of his mind, has objected to this hypothesis with great force of 

'* This conjecture," he says, " does not seem to be perfectly satisfactory ; 
re the causes in themselves sufficient to have wholly changed the 
lage of the country. If, at the present moment, the Celtic language 
iHed over the whole of Scotland, instead of being confined to the 
lands, such a testimony would compel them to admit, either that the 
OS and Danes had been prevented by some unaccountable cause from 
ipting to form a settlement on the northern shores of this island ; or 
their attempts had been rendered abortive by the superior bravery and 
of the inhabitants. But, as the same Teutonic dialects are found to 
the basis of the language, both in England and in the lowlands of 
and, Mr. Hume has been induced, and apparently with great reason, 
fer, from this similarity of speech, a similar series of successive inva- 
; although this success is not recorded by the historians of Scotland. 
'* If this conclusion be admitted, it is evidently unnecessary to refer us 
a much later period of Malcolm's reign ; or to seek in his marriage 
an English princess, in his distributions of lands among his followers, 



k la ■ •» r 

;\ *:,"v wr.u'h inJueod bim to change his place of residence^ for 

-..:.: /: :b la:ipi:i^\ which the Saxons and Danes could not fJEul 

^^ ..".the:*.:; :knvi which, if it had not been thus introduced,' 

U'.e yljkir.s woald probably have rejected as obstinately 

Ellis's Spec. Anc. Engl. Poet. L 226, &c. 

v.- < vv >^\ •.:-..u"vv:. :hdi u few foreign adherents of a court, received 

; .•- .. ,i. .•V^.u-.iTt' :ho lar^ruafire of a country, is to form the idet 

■ -; «* . jj. w.-j.".^: iirivar in history as a fact completely insulat 

^■^ . \ • . / v-^r .• ^■.iC-iv.: wr::or Ix? right or not in his opinion, that Willi 

K k\ .. -. r .v.: :•..-: ^Ll:*-:*^ c:' c radicating the Saxon language, his reasi 

, *,v> .-^. .-.i J. \.i*A^\:. :# oxrMiuly just. "William must have kno^ 

. V-. v^ ^\.:,- .•,v.:.:-.TtA Gaul, and his own ancestors who subdn 

A\:: ...';* :o substitute the Teutonic for the Bomai 

.•.••.."..:•> : lb.;: the measure was not at all necessary 

- , r y^A -.r ; :\:2d that such an attempt is, in all cas 

;>.-.:: ^iVsur.i, because the patient indocility oft 

. .--. y :r:u:-yii over the caprice of their armed pi 



. . • V 

. ' ...c-.-. :1.a: the Norman-French, although ith 

-\ ..-v .vl ::* ia^viidanoy at court for several ages, n 

V - . .l.N*u ".y :he Saxon, which had still been spok 

\. .wi >* il:J:.u^*:i they eouquered the South-Britai] 

>..H'rMV ." .i.jrtv, and introduced the knowledge 

L >vii.-.v".y :o l.jkve made any impression on thi 

^^ « ■.' ^.;.o«ccl :Iio Romans, and seated themseh 

..-" <:.v:.;.v. I'v :ho very people to whom they ga 

. .^ :.t^v :r. rr. :hem. For it is well known thi 

./ . ', .:^.i.> jjv re:ainod in the Italian, by fart 

V ■. ^ :j:,*u: vlirvctly contradicting univen 
» S*\. .>^ » ■ .• 'A.->,- -z:z vvuquen.>rs, but refugees, con 
- » .V. .if.'.r\:-,v> them protection? Has ai 

^ >> V .,v t:v -r^ :j:e Welsh, who are viewed as t) 

'* >* * ..'>.ii-..v.z^ their intercourse with ti 

■•>-- -.v rj^ .V5rfa:ion of national hostilitiei 
" \v. .>v-r ..Jhr.jTiApg, in compliment to tl 

'■« • '•"• :k\.i julU'vL who in proportion wea 
■ "-^ ■■-• SwijL.'ns b«:'Ionging to the court < 

^ * ' vvj v.- •.'^• i^fiiAcious of the customs ao 

• ^" ^ * »*■ v\ ..■,• :u:^V::ai:rs of Scotland. 1^ 

• - ^> ■> w .. J. ..- VI .rv tiidn half a century pas 

^ » ^ ' ' * ■ -'v rv^c.*A:ii:ss although not onl 

• ^^ ■ .-*8<*.ve the feudal attachment 

* » ■" *•»-> .xvv. o:iI!:fd ia. The young ai 

• ^ • '■■ .'. -:i rvifci without on derstandin{ 

■^ ^ V . V .,- Svvwlnivi i:r th^ manner supposec 

Nvvi Nii^ v.-.i».;iv.*..-vi .a the Gaelic- This ha 
' . >K ♦•Ke^** ^MK» ,fctt»;u.^<^» yre*-^:^ over another, unles 

X N ^v>^ tfft fc ^ ip i ii^ y >• ^re ^rui*? r completely or near!; 

^ MHitt j^n^UiftLy isLCcrporated' with tbi 


as the Franldsh had heen with the Latinized Celtic of France. Bnt 
mber of Gaelic words to be found in what is called the Broad Scots 
k very small proportion to the body of the language. 
; IB well known, that in many places on the borders of the Highlands, 
, according to the hypothesis controverted, the one language should 
* as it were melting into the other, they are kept totally distinct. 
1 particalarly remarked in the account of the parish of Dowally in 
ilure. *' It is a curious fact, that the hills of King's Seat and Craigy 
, which form the lower boundary of Dowally, have been for ceniunes 
parating barrier of these languages. In the first house below them, 
i^lish is, and has been spoken ; and the Gaelic in the first house (not 

a mile distant) above them." Statist. Ace. zx. 490. In some 
joes a rivulet forms as effectual a boundaiy, in this respect, as if an 

lalcolm Canmore, according to the testimony of Simeon of Durham 
trompton, in his incursions into England, carried so many captives 
lim, that they were afterwards seen, not only in every village, but in 
house. Had this been literally the case, his army must have borne 
resemblance to that of Xerxes. But although this had been literally 
«e, would captives or slaves overpower the language of their masters ? 
lot admitted, at any rate, that after the death of Malcolm they " were 
1 away hy the usual enmity of the Graelic people;" that "the Celtic 
itants would not submit to" the authority of Duncan, till he had 
i never again to introduce Normans or English into their country ; 
''this jealousy of strangers continued under Donal Bane ;" and that it 
isioned insurrections under William the Lyon ? " Caled. p. 498. 
[t is evident that some Saxon Barons, with their followers, received 
in Scotland, during some of the succeeding reigns. But a few indi- 
Is could not produce greater effects in Scotland, than all the power of 
Gorman barons in England. It seems also undeniable, that the 
ners of distinction who settled in Scotland, particularly in the reign 
ivid L, were mostly Normans, and therefore could not introduce the 
L According to Lesley, Hist. Scot. Idb. vi. p. 201, this was the case 
in the time of Canmore. 

i is very questionable, if, even during the reign of Edward the 
Bsor, French was not the language principally spoken at court. It 
een asserted, indeed, that during this reign, " the Anglo-Saxon had 
I to be cultivated." F. Ellis's Spec. i. 39. Camden has said, that 
rd ihe Confessor "resided long in France, and is charged by 
ians of his time to have returned from thence wholly Frenchified." 
ins, p. 210. 

[t has been supposed that this unparalleled change was partly owing 
casional intercourse with the northern counties of England, which 
subjected to the Scottish crown. But this intercourse was by far too 
)d to have any infiuence in completely changing a language. It would 
3rB natural to invert the idea, and to suppose that the inhabitants of 
countries had received the peculiar terms, which they retain in com- 
with the vulgar of Scotland, from the residence of the Scots among 
i« while the heir-apparent of our crown was Prince of Cumberland. 
tt ii certain that DomesdaAf-book, a work compiled by order of William 
■^"ijUflrary from an actual survey of the whole of England, does not 


include any of the counties lying to the north of the Hamljcr; 
ptoor that, in that age, tlicBt> ooantiea were considered sa bcln 

Uardyng acknowledgea that all tlie coantry to tho Iforth o 
bar once pertained to Scotland. " He made the bre waja througbi 
Britain, and he founded the archflamynes, at London one for Liwi 
another at Torke for Albaaye, that nowe ie ScoUaudf ; for that Lima tr 
llnmber north that was that tyme Scotland ; and the thyrd at CarlM 
IVales, for al Wales." Chron. Rnbr. of e. 33, Fol. 23, a. 

This indeed refers to a period long prior to the Christian era ; 
aceoant is eridently fabnlous. Bat I mention it becanse here it is I 
by the Chronicler, hostile as be was to the independence of Scotls 
circnmstance which coald not be denied, that, in former times, the Q 
to the North of the Hamber was viewed as a part of Scotland. 

Bnt there is stilt a more natural account of the great s 
language between Scotland and the North of England. To mi 
that Mr. Finkerton has proved, from andonbted testimony, tbat the f 
had possession of the North of England for more than a century befora tl 
Ida founded the kingdom of Bernicia ; and that, although for a time it 
were subjected to the power of the Angles, they afterwards regained th 
authority in this quarter. V. Enquiry, I, 321-335, 

It may be viewed as a oonfirmatioQ of this account, that, in the Koi 
ofEnglBJid, Ih is often clianged int« i3. " In tho N," says Lonib«^^| 
is frequently changed into cI ,- aa, for father, vre say fader; (or fit '' 
for Hothbury, a town in N'orthumberland, Bodbwy ; tar LoUuan, 1 
Kotes to the BatUe of Flodden, p. 80. 

This is a distingnisbing charoot^ristic of the dialect of ^ ^ 
waa undoubtedly a part of the Pictish territory. For bailh, bot£, lliBf bI 
say baid; for ektiilh, injury, thud; for mailh, a mi^got, maid, &C. Kow, 
is well known that this is a peculiarity of the ancient Scandinavian. 7 
Icelanders, at this day, pronouoce tlie tA aa if it were d ; they oHen, indet 
write d, where fli occurs in A. S. and in tho German dialects. 

It has also been soppoeed tbal the Fhfmin^ii, a considerable nttmber 
whom occasionally settled in Soothmd, contribnted to the change 
langutige. But, from all the evidence that we have of a Flemish oolonieatio 
tho eflcct is evidently by far too great for the cause. Whalever inSnent 
as tradesmen, they might be supposed to have in towns, it most have bei 
very inconsiderable in the interior parts of the countir. As it is said th 
— " Abordeonsbire was particularly distingnishod in early times, for com 
derahle colonies ot Fhrmingi;" it has bren infcrried, that, "we may tbi 
perceive the true scarce, to which may bo traced np the 7Vm/oum diale^lt i 
Aberdt'enahire, that is even now called the Brand Buckan." Cal«d- v 
Una. 60i But it will appear, from the following Dictionary, that many i 
liiese words are not Teutonic, but Scandinavian. Al any rate, the fact 
andeniahle. that many of the terms common in S., and especially in tl 
NoHi, are not to he in iiiiv AnBrlo-Saxou, Flemish, or Tentoni 
Lexicon, but occur ill ' -^I'^eii, or Denmark. Wftm thei 

Duly a few of this <ic- i.e snppc«(^! tint they had (but 

tbi-ir way into onr loi. istcnxniret^ or lir •omo ttnt 

cling settlera. lint U-^ •- '^"'^h, that they coanot tw ascribed t 

(my adventittOBs oaaw. 

in the Noi 



ted e«n» tato BooUaod dunng t 

■on, T«il7der, £ 
D« Retx Scot, l^ T 
wOttU i&liviincic mutv Prmcb lenat 
■h* MUB knguge Sftntig been ap 
ra woald In na rtsistanoe to then. 
it ■■; ba pniMr ta ImIm aatie3 of anotlier objectic 
SoMwBwnraa. This u its gnmJL afi 
■o weigiit. For, Mltbongh ib 
tlw Sotadiiukruai dialectic * 
odwr Gwu. diftlecto, the I 
isck tlw Mue^ th«t andent wriiera nieak of tl_ . 
kii«v««.wtlMlaMerEdHlndth»BMiaf Sdgmr. [lUiMtUee 
liMgwajLagtiofc, Motwefic* 1 Pwica; witttmanicB) facta est, 

MBt. UpnO. |k. ISS. 8M«a.D»Vei.Siieo.Ooth.eDmAi]iiltst^ ... 
SoBw have •&«tod to now the oJtiWaieJ Odin w » (kbnloiu nl 
T1wBm«i>leUi(«BtB(MheniwhtereiaAeedMkBowl«dge Unbba^I 
gnU utUqnilj- i* SKntwd, and <rbo wv w«nki[>pMl u a god,] 
Ttewtid in thU U|i4tL Te« ther edoill the «xtttetic« of » later Q] 
Inl tho S(<KDft)na<nuis ttnrardc tiic dwras o( the Baltic. Whila iftg 
twni)ition in l«vo«ir ol' ihe vxistroco of radt a pcrsan, it U a fi 
l)v*1, ill Hit «wr)v ncv, the Sexeec and Srvodiiiaiian*! wpie *j« 

„ 1.. .1... K-:l, Bcdeuid then"-'--" — ;■• - ■ .i. 

H '.i'u oteefs «hi>ei<T' 

s V ,\'neahiKr of Uetit ■ 

tw >' ' iiiiwt anneat dfx-uii 

ki:..v.l«l|p« tlm miM ilp«, ii-»u Ljii. iv , n 


wliic'h 80 naturally arises on the sabjcct^ it is by no means a satisfacta 
iiiiHwcr, tliat, '' owing probably to some physical canse, the original peon 
Kivin Uy have disappeai'cd, in some period of a prior date to our enL" Wo 
foil Id possibly givo birth to so strange a conjecture ? It is the solitary teal 
nil III Y uf one writer, who lived in an age in which nothing could have bei 
written that was not true, because it would not have been received had 
U'tMi talso. " During the intclligenl age of Solinns, those islands wei 
supposed to be uninhabited ; and to be ' only the haunt of seals, and ore 
aiul soa-mow's clang ;' ** Ibid. 

Art^ we then to view this as the physical cause of the disappearance) 
iho original people? Were these Celts so harassed by "seads, and ore 
and sea-mews,** that they forsook their abodes, and sought a place « 
ivp^'M' o\\ the eontinent ? Or did these troublesome animals in fact swallo 
up the wivtehed inhabitants of Orkney? 

l^ut eaii this ibeam of Solinns be seriously mentioned ? or can it I 
i\\\*:vod ill an " intelligoiit age r** Ere this be the case, some cause, whethi 
v!'<\Moal ov uienil. which has at least some degree of plausibility, must I 
.4vx'^v..d :\*r I lie Mipposed disappearance of a people, who had been so r^ 
Iav\\ >e::\\i as to b.ave stone monuments and buildings, and so well verse 
•'.'. '.l.»» .i' '. v*:* w .\r as to Iv aoquainied with the use of c^Us, But it is evidei 
'./..■, S.^v.v.s \>;is vcvv ill intornied concerning the Orkney islands; as 1 
v.i* X •,/,\ \\ v-.v ov.*> tisiw in iiuml»er. And in what he asserts as to the 
,\ .; .. ■ ••■..'.■•.•/.• ^\.i>\;!'.: homiiies\ ho gives not ihe remotest hint that tl 
.N .' \ ...J. (*%«** l\v:; :l*.o e;u^e, but seems indeed to consider them as m 

> .\\ •..,"•. i'./ ;:,\vv.:!t i::vo:i by Solinns is so directly contrary to a 
*. .,* w.\i: v::riVv<o cnisp at it ^ The reason is obvious. Tl 
i •.•>: s't :. e s:v:-.e;.!oi:y of nations, is here pointed direct! 
. * , .^^ w" :o- lu- iu-^>: e::her part with this, or devote all tl 

v' V .\ ./ s ,-^.r.i,- ..v. 1: is o:;ly by some such supposition! 
*» . V, V : . '. -v\ •\*A>\:: oar. u* given why the names of plaa 

x' V . » V As :i s:o:;e buildings must necessarily l 

v, X >* ." .c ^vv ^*< :: ::.ii: there is not one topographia 
> .V / X- .\N. .i: .."jT'c: ;L-o rames imposed by the S^ritisl 
K . ■ ^v ..:.■..-':,.• v^v y were lost 1" It is supposed, thi 
vv .' . V .'. >iyyv-:"v.'. ::: some unaccountable manner 

v\x>v vx , • > \\ ;■ -V. :. - oeutaries perhaps, uninhabitec 
^ • ^ ,0 .. .::.■...; ,':: the Teutonic names in Ori 
.X ■ . vx . . .* : ;.vc"v.y* y ot' 0:kney, Shetland, an 

. , .X V vv v.." Sax .'51 ; orography of Scotlanc 

\ , o S. • .•- ■-•N .r.: vJLr*e tr^t is distinct from th 

^ . N \ *.•..;• S^Mv .:::•. a van names in OrJtnei 

. , •• . ,xx it.s^ iAvrviiUi: to the Gothic cos 

, X . . ;-vo.v. :r. ^ v.-. denoting a statio 
V %.....•->;.. ■.,:-y'«A\ But there is not 

V .-." N '.•.:•. .!">;: topography of propc 


•X * « .»*." »•» 

>% ' c": .* ." V ;: oc\Mir, as far as I knov 

\^ .s.Nv Vu'. » w' *; »->- v/voa'.^."v Norwegian; althougl 

\N -N *.v«nKs>; ; 'v . » V ..• ,v JovvwLstevi among the mot 

*» x» #ij»li4\%i» liH <»fcak v». V.vvac ^ >,^l.r-^ :o; bat I can tiud noD 

iMsstBTAnox o<t Tttc osiaXM 

Thej an tlao called Dunt. Ttiia term ia nentioDcd U I 
tbn olber two. " Tlwro ia a nuws of watcb-hosMS,- 
btu^^M, dmiM, or Picts' li<Mise«. P. NortlimaniB, 
xiL SfiSu Aiiotlwr name ia also givEB to them b; tlie vnlgar. 
Home, Castlebowii. 

£Ten m iho&a jdaces wbere Gaelic is atnr niokpa, tlief K 
Gotlnc deagmtiaD. The ralkrv in wbkh Castle Toxldao, C 
have been vneted, ■■ calW Qlen-by- 1''w ^i*^ syllable d 
GaeHa It is probablr oocT«pl«d Irona Oath. by^iiM' to baild, bj/fi 
q. tke eten of tba hmddingw or AoaMt. Tbe Picdiih cnstio, in Uw F 
Sntfao^d, ia is like nanner called Loth-b''ff, q. t^e ivJilai^, 
tbe riTcr LodL The significatioD lt//ii! cnnnot well npptj ^o^ 
aeoa* eoold be nwde of tbe Ultlf Loth t Tbey ore uideed ii 
iVufi. "lBGleDlocb,"favsMr. Pc|<e,"are tlirv^^Pictisbb 
Qed by tlw couatoj people'f'ajt" Pennant's Tour, I T^St, i 
S36. "Flna tnaj be fram GaeL it^i^h, " a den, grare, care ;" SliS' 
P. of JaS, tbey have tb« sjnoayinOBa deeignabon of IKivnn* or o 
Ibese an obrioealy uamea impoeed by tbe ifnonuit people ; ' 
knew aeitbttr dw nee, nor tbe origia. of those building. _ 

I am infonnod, tlut in InTcmcss-shire, tbe fuandationB of n 
bottaaa bare bcca discovered, of a ruand form, witli spate of enltj- 
grmad snmnuidiiig tbem; and tint when tbe Uighlanders nre aalci 
wbom tbey beluuged, tbcy eay Uiat tbcy were tbe houses of tbe 2 
Tnitmirk, t. o. of tbe lahatnn, a name which tbey ^ve to Ibe 1 
tbe waj, it may be obeerred, tbal this impliee. that, accordine to \ 
tion nf tbe couDtry, tbr Picts wen culUTaton of the soil, while] 
led a waadcrin]' liib. This Mcnis U) conBrtn tbe sense giren of m 
Owil* HMcA, impoeed hr tbe Irish on tbe Picis, q. taler* of tohttd. \ 

It b»e alwavs a»p«u«d to mo a powerful proof of the 6otb 
the Pict*, that tbey Ittd l<r(t tlwir a&mes to Etmctnres appareatlj 
to tbe Celtic i nh aUtania of Ikiiaiii. Bat, of Inte, ihia argomenl 
poinlvd tbe otber way. Mr. King, a writer of coDsiderahie coletri^ 
lendt that aU Ibee* are Celtic monnments. The proof be eiveii, i 
«ttrt««ic!oofBomab«lding«of» similar kind in Cora waU and Soatfi \ 
^ ^It appwv. bowvver, tbat tbo wmains of what are accoantod k 
"'t^."' SoBlh BntatB, are roiy eflinly. "TheM' are still 
«», be *ay^ •• to aauenain tbe fcct. For in tht- parish of Man 
rvniikius of a most remarkable slmclare, called 
i-.if, utnnot well be considered in any 
-■•rl of very rude iaiitationa of tbe nn 
II.; to hint* given by ibe Pheniciang, i 
^ll (viiK-dU It boars no Kuiall w 
uul. and intbo Uo nf f(d 
■.HI* withoDt cement, n 
' -i-nce ovidentiy divided i 
■-"iv. li-Hvin^ an open c 
iTi thn iwu great Dans j 
'v llO; and it was n 
Y ditch, OVLT whicb i 
. -^i. a stroog nde urn 



or THE 8C0TTISU lANQUAQS. zlvii 

L the largeness of the area within, it seems exceedingly prohable, 
t the Burronnding walled divisions served for stores) the more 
d space was for habitation, like that in a Dun, supplied with 
aber, snpported hj posts near the middle, but yet leaving still a 
n area in the centare of all. 

Borlase conceived that this, with some other kUl foriresseSj which 
aed in a chain in sight of each other, must have been Vanish.** 
itiq. iii. 204, 205. 

lis fort, firom the description given of it, appears to differ con- 
rom those called PicHsh. It more nearly resembles the hUUforU^ 
nhaven^ and that called The Laws, in the P. of Monifiietb, both in 
9. Almost the only difference is, that, from whatever canse, they re- 
itable marks of vitrification. In the latter, the vestiges of a variety 
lildings, between the inner and onter wall, are perfectly distinct. 
lo inconsiderable argument against Mr. Eling's hypothesis, that 
le, who was thoroughly acquainted with the Welsh Antiquities, 
ison to think that these buildings were British, 
ea, it would be natural to conclude that, if the Picts were origin- 
are now called Welsh, and had learned this mode of building 
ancestors in South Britain, such remains would be far more 
diffused in that part of the island. It is evident^ indeed, that 
ztures were unknown to the Britons in the time of Julius Caesar, 
cription of their civitateSy there is not a hint of any thing that 
ut resemblance. Nor are they mentioned by succeeding Roman 

earned writer, probably aware of this important objection, brings 
very strange hypothesis, apparently with a design of setting it 
e thinks that ihe Picts, who penetrated as far as London, while 
LS was in Britain, saw the British fortresses, and on their return 
them. Munim. Antiq. iii. 187. But this theory is loaded with 
3. Although it were certain that the Picts had penetrated as far 
1, there is no evidence that they ever were in Cornwall or South 
Besides, although they had seen such buildings, the South Britons 
re this time having been completely brought into a provincial 
he Romans, they must necessarily have become acquainted with a 
rchitecture far Euperior to that of the subterranean description, 
nly know that it was because they were enervated by luxury that 
me BO easy a prey to the Picts and Soots. Now, if the Picts were 
to imitate their enemies, a rare thing, especially among savage 
rould they not have preferred that superior mode of architecture 
?y must havo observed wherever they went ? Did they need to 
don to learn the art of building dry stone walls, when, for more 
centuries before this, so many Roman ca^teUa had been erected 
•wn frontiers ? 

should be supposed, as this theory is evidently untenable, that 
it Celts brought this mode of building into Scotland with them, 
I it that the Irish Celts of this country universally ascribe these 
k race of people different from themselves ? As they were un- 
of the same stock with the Welsh, and seem, in common with 
lave had their first settlement in South Britain, how did the Irish 
ipletely lose this simple kind of architecture P Did they retain j 



the Abcn, and tbe Diin«, to., the names of riverB and mmmtaioa, irU 
Lad been imposed by Ibo PioU, bccaase their Ungnoge was radically titf 
eume, and yet perceive no vestiges of national aSinity whatsoever, in til/I 
very mode of defending thoraaelvea from their enemies, from wiJd bo ' 
from tbe rt^a of tbe elements P He who can sappose that tbe C 
Scotland would tbas renonuce all claim to tbe arcbitectare of their a 
tore, ascribes to them a, degree of modesty, in this instance, unexampl 
any other. 

Mr. King admits that one example of this mods of building Iiaa^ 
described as existing near Drontheim in Norway. It may bo ubeerreda 
the name is the same as in Orkney. It is called SaaiKlmr/jh. Ha n 
as if this were the only one' known ia the North of Karope ; and m 
very odd supposition, although conBiBtent with the former, that the £ 
imitated this mode of bailding in conseqaeoce of their incuraiona i 
Scotland. V. Munim. iii. Iu7, 108. Bat another has been dcecribsd |_ 
Dalberg, in his Snecia, called the castle of Ymsbarg, which is situated in 
Westrogothia. V. Carry'B Orkn. p. 97. It is probable that there are 
many others in these northern regiona, naknown to ns, eitbcr because they 
have not been particQlarly described, or bccaoso we are not sufficiently 
versont in Northern topography. What are called Di*rij«h fuiU, in the 
Western Islands, bear a btrong resemblance to these Pictiijb buildings. 
V. Statist, Aco. (P. Barvas, Lewis), xix, 270, 271. 

It is well known that there are round towers in Ireland, resembling 
those at Brechin and Abernetby, and that some intelligent writers attoriba 
them to the Danes, altbongk Sir James Ware claims the honour of them to 
hie own conntrymen ; Antiq. I. 120. The DoKei-Raihi), as another icind i>f 
building is denominated in Ireland, are evidently the same with the Picts' 
houses. Their dcscriplion exactly corresponds; Ibid, I. 137, 13^, Th«w 
Ware acknowledges to be Danish ; although his editor Harris differs from 
him, because EatK is an Insh vrord. Dr. Ledwich, who contends for tha 
Danibh origin of these forts, expresses his " wonder at Mr. Harris, who 
inconsiderately argues for the Celtic origin of these forts, and thitt solely 
from their Irinh appellation, Rath, which, though it figuratively imjiortsK 
fortresB, primarily signified Bccurity." He adds — " li my opiniou it is 
doubtful whether Ralh is not a Teutonic word -, for we find in Germany, 
JoDkerrayi^, ImmerrflA/, JiiiAf-vorwald, &c., applied to artificial mounts and 
placta of defence, as in Ireland." Antiq. of Ireland, p. 185. Perhaps his 
idea is contirmcd by tbe use of A, S. vrraeth. Although it primarily- sigoi- 
ties a wreath, or any thing plaili?d, it has boeu transferred to a fortilicatiun ; 
snstcntjiculuro, mnnimen. Burh wralhttvi vrriaii ; Urbcm monimiue d^ 
fendere ; Caed. p. 43, 21. Lye. Most probably it was first applied to tliow 
simple encloBnies, made for defence by means of wattles or wicker-work. 

It may be added that to this day the houses of the Icelanders, 1it9 
most unmingled colony of the Goths, retain a striking reBomblance to the 
Fictish bnildings. They are in a great mcanuro under ground, so as 
externally to assume somewhat of the appearance of hillocks or tumuli, 

Tbe author of Caledonia frequently relers to " the orndlte Edward 
King," prainiug him as " a profound antiquary." " After investigating," ho 
pay", "the sloneiuonaments, the ancient castles, and the barbarous mc 
orNortbBntain,he.piveB it as his judgment, ' tjiat the Picta were deso 
Erom the aboriginal liritoDB ; ' " Caled. p. 233. 


le learned gentleman has not mentioned that one of the ^^^ands 
ir. King rests his judgment is, that " the Pictish buildings, or 
lied, resemble the British remains in Cornwall and South Wales." 
iar thaty while both lay down the same general principle, as a 
rgiunent in proof of the Celtic origin of the Picts, the one should 
prove that these structures are Celtic, and the other strenuously 
lat they are Scandinavian, and that the Picts had no hand in 

;:hief reason assigned for the latter hypothesis is, that " those 
strengths, only exist in the countries where the Scandinavian 
cted settlements,'* being " only seen in the Orkney and Shetland 
Gatimess, on the coast of Sutherland, and in the Hebrides, with 
ihe west coasts of Boss and Inverness ; " Caled. p. 342. 
in a work of such extent^ and comprising so many different ob- 
s not surprising that the various parts should not be always 
; to each other. The author has, in one place, referred to the 
eons buildings in the parish of Lifif, as of the same kind with 
ting in Orkney ; to a work of the same kind in Alyth parish ; to 
ibterraneous works in the parish of Bendothy, expressly called 
UdingSy Statist. Ace. xix. 359 ; to a considerable number of these 
rish of Kildrummy, Aberd. " Similar buildings," he adds, " have 
»vered in several parts of Elirkcudbright Stewartry ; " Caled. 
None of these places are within the limits assigned for the 
dan settlements. 

ral others might have been mentioned. Some, in the neighbour- 
^erth, have been described. V, Pennant's Tour, III. Apend. p. 453. 
rish of Stonykirk, Wigton, are some remains of Druid temples and 
astles ; Statist. Ace. ii. 56. Edwin's hall, parish of Dnnse, Ber- 
)rresponds to the account given of the Castles in Glenbeg. " It is 
to have been a Pictish building ; " Ibid. iv. 389, 390. " The 
mis in the parish of Castletown, Roxburghs., are commonly called 
Tks;" Ibid. xvi. 64. It appears, then, with what propriety it is 
b *' the recent appellation of Pictish castles, or Picts houses, has 
d given to those in Orkney and Shetland in Caithness, and in 
id.^' Caled p. 343. 

Chalmers has given such an account of the remains of one of these 
be parish of Castletown, as plainly to shew that it corresponds to 
ich he elsewhere calls Scandinavian. " There are two of those 
r Herdshouse, two on the farm of Sbaws, one on Toflholm, one on 
s, one on Cocklaw, one on Blackburn, and one on Shortbuttrees. 
le ruins of this fort were lately removed, there was found, on the 
e of it, a place which was ten feet wide, and twenty feet long, and 
^ with flat stones, and enclosed by the same sort of stones, that 
on edge; and there was discovered, within this enclosure, what 
intimate its culinary use, ashes and burnt sticks." Caled. p. 94. 
also urged that " not one of these strengths bears any appellation 
Pictish J or Britiih language;" and that they *'have no similarity 
the strengths of the genuine Picts, or British tribes in North- 
Ibid, pp. 343, 344. But as all the force of these arguments lies 
tgtcians call Sipetitio principiij no particular reply is requisite. 
Baid that many of these edifices, " in the Orkney and Shetland 



isIaDcIs, and in Cathnees, hars bc?n erroneoDslj' called Pictish i 
Pictihh tiOwcrfs and Picts hoasea, from & rabuloua etary that altrilMitaa ti 
Kenneth llacalpin the impolicy of driving miiny of the Picta into tb 
northern extremity of onr island ; whence tbey Hed to the Orkney nai 
{Shetland ieles." But it has been Been that these desigtiations are not oou 
fined to the districts mentioned. Besides, to tiapjKMie such a mode o 
denomination, is entirely opposite to the analogy of tradition ; lor it v 
almost nniversally ibund that the works of an early age, instead of bein) 
^Ten to the more ancient people, to whom they really belong, are usuribei 
to thoEo of a later age, who have made some considerable tigure in tbi 
Oonntry. Tbns, in many places in Scotland, camps, undoubtedly Bomiui 
are vnlgarly atlribated to Danes. Kor is it at all a uatorsJ snpposition 
that, in tboee very places said to have been oecopied by Scaudinaviu 
settlers, theiv descondanta shoold be so extremely modest as to gire awa) 
the merit of these strnctnrcs, whii;h they continne to view with wonder aa< 
veneration from their own ancestors to an earlier race, with whom they an 
supposed to have been in a fital« of constant hostility, and whom thej «itlw] 
expelled or snbdued. 

The idea that these dewgnations originated from " the labatouB story' 
of the Picts being driven to the northei'u extremity of our island, luw W 
better foundation than what has been already considered. The g«nen 
opinion was entirely different from this. For it was "asserted by ignomnco 
and beli-v«d by eredulitij, that Kenneth made so bad an nse of the powa 
which he had bo adroitly acquired, as to denim) ilw vhih I'ictiilt penjiU it 
the wantonness of his cruelty ;" Calod. p. SUS, 

I shall only add, that it is not easy to avert the force of Mr. King*! 
argument against these being viewed as Danish works. They are to b( 
seen in parts of the conntry into which the Danes never penetrated. Hi 
refers to thai, called Black Castle, in tbe parish of Moulin, in that tlirisiot 
of Perthshire called Aihole; Mnnim. III. 199. In the Statist. Ace it ii 
said — " The vestiges of small areolar buildioga, supposed to have beM 
Pictish forts, are to be seen in different parts of tbe parish;" P. Monlin, v, 
70. Mr. King, after Pennant, also mentions one on the hilt of J>rw»vmM 
opposite to Tavmontb ; another, within view of that, above tlie chnrch ol 
Fortingall; a third opposite \o Alt-vihuie, ia the ueighboorbood ol' KilUni 
a (onr^ under the house of Cashly ; a filth, about half a mile weat, Ac; V. 
Pennant's Tour, 1772, pp. 50-63. "Most of these," says Mr. King, "lie in 
Ulvn Lion; and they shew how nnm.rous these kind of strnotures were, is 
what was once tbe I'icU country." 

It has also been asserted that " tie same Celtio people, who colonised 
South and North Britain, penetrated into Orkney, but nol iiilu Ut« SM- 
land ulaiidj." The reason for this assertion is, " that no stone monuments " 
nor " flint arrow-heads " have " ever been discovered in the Shetland 
ioland8;"Cnled. p. 261. N. 

But obelisks, or flavding stones, are found even in the ShoUnnd islands, 
into which the Celts never penetrated. Contignoos to one of the Vviyhi 
in Wall^ " there is n range of Urge atones that runs across the neck of 
land, and may hnve liecn intended to enclose tlie spot, as s place of barial, 
which the bnilding does not occupy ; " Statist. Ace. tk. 113. In BroMay, 
(tc. are " several perpendicnlar stoDCe, about 9 feet high, erected, no donbt, 
for tlic purpose of commemorating eome great eveut^ but of which we have 


coant ; " Ibid. z. 202. In Unst, '' two aDcient obelisks remain, one 
[And, a thick and shapeless rock ; the other, near TJj a Sound, seems 
re been a mark for diluting into that harbour, and is ten and a half 
igh ; " Ibid. t. 201. WheUier flint arrow-heads have ever been dis- 
&d. in Shetland, I cannot well say ; but I have seen knives, made of a 
of agates, which were foond in one of the Burghs ; and am certainly 
ned that atone hatchets are frequently met with of ^e same kind with 
found in Cairns in Scotland, 

7. — ^The abanrd idea of the extermination of the Picts by the Scots, as 
IS that of their expulsion, is so generally exploded that it is unneces- 
to say any thing on the subject It is incredible that a people who 
to have been &r less powerful than the Picts, should have been able 
r to exterminate or to expel them. Could we suppose either of these 
fcs to have taken place, what mast have been the unavoidable conse- 
oe ? Either that the extensive country called Pictland must have 
ined in a great measare desolate, or that the country of the Scots 
> have been deserted. For it cannot reasonably be supposed that the 
i, an at once, especially after a succession of bloody wars with the 
I, should so increase in numbers as to be able to people, and still less 
»fend, the whole of Scotland and its adjacent islands. 
The only reasonable position therefore is, that the Picts in general 
ined in their former seats. Now, if it appear that the people presently 
biting these districts retain the If aues which belonged to the Picts, it 
strong proof that they are the lineal descendants of this people. If it 
ter appear, not only that these names are not Celtic, but that they are 
ame, or nearly so, with those of the Scandinavians, as they are trans- 
sd to us in their most ancient monuments, it must amount to a proof 
the Picts had a Gothic origin. 

R«>8idine in the county of Angus, which all allow to have been a part 
le Pictish dominions, I had many years ago employed this as a test of 
origin of the people. I was induced to make this trial, from the 
instance of finding many words commonly used there, which I 
not found any where else, and which, upon examination, appeared to 
le same with those that euro still used in Iceland and other Gothic 

The multitude of monosyllabic names must strike every one who 
3S through that part of our country. Now, it is well known that this 
8 a distiDguishing character in the nomenclature of Scandinavia; 
the names, universally admitted to be most ancient, generally consist 
le syl labia 

Upon ccmparing many of the names in Angus, whether of one or more 
bles, with those in Uie Afonumenta Danica of Wormius, in Frode's 
ia, and especially in that singular work, the Landnamabok, which gives 
!X^ount of the di&rent families that settled in Iceland about the middle 
le ninth century, it appeared that many of them must have been origi- 
' the same. 

They are Buch as do act occur, as &r as I have observed, in any 
oriais of the Anglo-Saxons. Although a greater analogy were observ- 
here, it could be only set down to the account of the common origin 
« variooB Gothic tribes. For the names, in Angus, could not reason- 



ably be ascribed to Saxon settlers, unless it were supposed that thi 
had in great part received its population from England. They 
accounted for, on the idea of any Scandinavian settlement in 
ages ; for it is universally admitted that no such settlement extendi 
southward than Boss-shire. 

A writer of g^reat research, to whom we have had occasion 
to refer, has indeed lately attempted to show that all the namt 
Pictish kings are British. " The names of the Pictish kings/* 
'* have not any meaning in the Teutonic ; and they are, thercforeyi ! 
They are not " Irish, and consequently are British ; ^ Caled. p. 207^ 
I must make the same observation as before with respect to the to^ 
1 cannot pretend to give the true meaning of these names, as thi 
branch of etymology so uncertain as this. But if I can give a 
and one which is at least as probable as the ether, it must appear 
Teutonic, as far as names can go, has as good a claim ta the ro] 
the Picts as the British. These names vary eonsiderably in the 
chronicles. Where any name is given according to a different 
from that adopted in Galed. p. 20(5, it is printed in Italics. Wh< 
is a blank in the middle column, no British etymon has been givei 

PicnsH Nambs. 

1. Drubt, 

Son of £ip ; 

2. Taloro, 

Bon of Aniel ; 
8. Necton If oibet ; 

Beitisb Bmion, Galed- 
trvutt din. 

tdlarw^ hanh-frontod ; 
talvrgan^ iplendid fronted, 
aiiaii, openness. 

fi«y<Afii| a person full of •& iigy. 

4. Brest, Gnrthinmodi ; F. Dnst. 
6. GalMMU BtcUch ; 

e. Dadrest; 

7. Drent, 

Son of Glrom; 

8. Oartnaeh, or 


9. Cknltralm; 

10. Talori, son of 

Molrehollnteb, or 

godrwttf begtnoing of tnaialL 

prwii, conTCTing tbo idea of 

gwtknwjfd, of an ardent tem> 
per; gwrdmaid, an ardent 
leap ; gwrtknaidt an opposing 

ra Urain, one that prowls aboat 

Tbvtovm Ermon. i 
Sn. O. IroeK, drittig, Germ, dreut, A|| 

Isl. erp-Tf species golonis ; oi/, aa ^ 

an iMir. 
Isl. talOt number or tale, and orf^ i 

crkan, Yires, strength. 
8n. G. aenne, front, 0^ Isl. el, <a^ ^ 

Isl. nedb-a, inconrare, ttuine^ den^ 

tooth ; or neck^ homiliare, Um^ 

8a G. Moer, fsmons^ bet-a, vibrase, f 

brandi^ing the sword. 
Germ, gurt-en^ to gird, moge^ pow« 

the strong girdle ; Pink. Eoq. ii. M 
Isl. gidenn, rabidos, foriosus; 8ik 

8n. G. luUlaegg, prosapia, or its o^ 

noble, and lifc, like. Gem. adsM 

aettalickf from oe^e, father, and 

Isl. daOt A Y^i? Booient Goth, partleh 

in composition, skilful, excellent, i 

Gr. f V ; and Germ, dreitt, daring, * 

a strong or brsTe mau, Tir poteoi^ 

Drust, No. 1. 
8u. G. omgmuMi^ perdere ^nverta^, 

stroyer ; or fetr, military instninNI 

round about, q. surrounded with ai 
8a. G. gardy Alem. garte^ a guard, 

naUy night, or nog, enough, or fi<upd 

hood ; q. a night-guard, a suffioiM 

one at hand. 
8a. G. gatlUf sonus, ram^ robostv 

V. Taloro, No. 2. 
8u. G. murk, dark, and laega, snare ; \ 

or moerd-o, to kill, to murder, ai 

preparing marderoBS snares. 






Mmdm, trwiicbTWiit hrad, tna- 

pcfioft ntlMr .diaiy. 

■M^Tit Oolomb. 
L U. c 17. Itod. 

li (Mrtoedi, MO or 




IT. Qamaid, Moflff 
Wid, raid; 

ILBriM, tka MB €f 


1. QaitMlt* 

L DrMt 

I. Brid«i,BredH,ionot 
lnc% |>p.lli,112 


BunsH Smon, OaUd, Tbotosio Ximom. 

F. Dnist, No. 1. 
IiL mitn, moatli« and aet-a^ to eot, q. Tomcioiv 

moath. Haoj Oerm. nmmea are compouiided 

with mtmd, id. 
A. 8. mon, homo, and eatk, etA, faeiUs ; q. a man 

of an easy iemper. 
III. pallf fel, and owe, noz% odium ; q. having 

hatred IIIko gall. Or, ifoU, Tltium, and cm, line, 

q. vithoat defect. 
IiL al-Ot laglnare, and ej/e, exuviae ; q. flUtened 

vith spoil. Or Y. Blpin, No. 27. 
Isl. briddi, eminebat, Verel. ; breid-Ot to extend, 

and Su. O. e, Uv, q. one who extendi the law, 

who pnblifehes it. 
'6«. Q, brud, a bride, ande, Uwful, q. bom of wed- 
lock, as opposed to bastardy. Or bredd^ sagitta, 

and ey, insuU, q. the arrow of the island. 

MaiOemm, MadgwH^ * eonunoD IsL metj, puella, locfcim, sedactio, q. the seducer 
Dane, implylaf Iho origin of of virgins ; or, meneUf speech, and kutut-a, to 
good. know, q. eloquent. 

So. O. wuutOt tribute, S. mail^ and Xromm-c^ to 
come, q. one emjplojed for lifting the royal taxes. 

V. No. 8. 

A. 8. dom, judgment, and ele, every one, q. ap- 
pointed as a Judge in the kingdom. Or, torn 
iMuA, vicinus ; q. a Jodge who is nigh. 

Apparently corr. of NecUn^ No. 8. 

Oeim. «0er6-ef», ire, q. the walker ; or ioer6-<ii, 
ambire, whence loerfr-en, a procurer. 

Isl. ttrpt «<TP*Of Ji^^iVt 9l' on® ^bo throws, casts, 
«r slinga. 
CtesecA, CfHoa, a fonmd pei^ 8u. O. Kn, kind, and eek-a^ to increase, q. having 
MB. a numerous offspring. V, No. 3 >. 

<Germ. laut^ Alem. <ul, honorus, and rinn^ torrens, 
q. having the Kound of a torrent. Or lut^ Cele- 
bris, and Wtm-ei*, to walk, q. like Ganga Bolf, 
fkmous for walking. JaU occurs in this sen»e, 
In a great many Alem. and Teut names. V. 
Wachter, Kilian, Ac. Or Alem. lut, aod krtin^ 
purus, castus, q. the chaste. 
^MmorfA, BiaaeiiUiie atvength ; So. O. piaem, cupidua. and ai% Delg. a<zrcU, na- 

turm, indoles ; q. of an eager, or perhaps, of a 
covetous disposition. 

Isl. %eid-aj Sw. ved-o, to hunt, q. the hunter. Or 
the same name with tlutt of Odion, Ftditr, Q. 
Andr. i. e. furious^ 8w. vaed, a pledge. 

8u. O. foed-Of alere, q. one who feeds others, the 

¥. Noa. 13 and 17. 

F. No. a. 

Isl. an^ Alem. en, nefratlve particle, and frid^ 
peace, q. without peace. Perhaps the name 
withiln^/rid, glorio&apax ; Wachter, vo. Frid. 
Or from 8u. O. en, intensive (V. £na, Ihre), 
and yVoet-o, to eat, q. to destroy. 

r. No. U. 

So. O. don, din, noise, and wal, slaughter. Or 
dn/n, stupid, and woZd, power, q. under the 
power of stupor. 

F. Druiit. No. 1. 

F. No. 18. 

So. O. tritl<o^ equal ; Isl. ftylo, an axe, bA-r, a 

Isl. tonmnin, expngnatu dlffloUis; fAor-on, au- 
daeia, boldness. 

4 y imipu l, of the weaned cooch. 

Beli, a MDBOii name, bcOi- 



BBsmixiov cm tbm koekosm 

». BMcl,mior 

F. HolU. 
So. G. dmtn, fctnu» or UL dfr, 
pdlez ; q. InfalMtwl, m 

S7. BplA; 


F. N<w. S and ». 
TUs eqaiUly appHM to ▲. S. 8a. 
•». — BB«, <la«>i«. -^1/ •! 

At/mim, OiiaalM«. & p. 02. 
amiciu^ q. a flkiead of die 
•■. G WW, ynamr, and «p<b, 
qvality, as f«kl-««;% rif^t- 


TeaL ffafw. a liTer. OrSo. &. 
and wtf ; ITofyttt, aa eacfle, 
G. flwir. A. 8. «er. So. G. 

>, rentat rigidi 







F. Nos. IS aad M. 1 
8a. G. kfu, a ^Bily, and «e^ poifl 

vcalihy ar noble race. 1 

aa. G. wnd, emased, with the eoifl 

tioa i#. Or tparr, lal. «er, iM 

BollU, q.a aoft ar inactiTe aML.9 

F. Noa. S and U. 1 

F.Koa.landl. i 

F. Koa^SandSr 1 

UL Uaea. tcitas, and tpol, ila^M 
iadwaiagtfia ; or 8a. G. JiaaM 
UL cal, ala, ]M««rfal in drinkM 

8a. 4. r«r, tte fod nor, andiaid| 
laat, a aiKBoa Isl. name. J 

Affwcatlj banavcd fnwi the Bail| 

F. Ka. »^ ii 
T.Koa.1aBdl. jj 
U. a» amative, and Oele, tolen^ m 


IiL a. Sa. G. a. negatiTe. and lA'i 

vaca, beaatifal, q. not liMdMlj 

an adversaij. ^ 

Ea. G. wad, A. S. wracA, irataa|j 

Or F. No. ao. 

Baked, andfoCyfMl 
who defends hU pMi 
to defend, and o(^ 4| 
lQ. iraadi, raah, sodden, qvMfc ; ^ 
or ftrwL latas» broad, a 

«^ HrHli 

Th^ I^tt'^i^ Ksl iiid«dfft those iiames only of ^^^ 
WK>^\uv^ WU4I WMTtMlmi by hktonr. Tbere is a previous list, also oc 
^k 1.^ «^«^^K\MBi PicKir«m» whkh has not Uie same authority. 
jAv>«ljirh iW^ »M^ nol be safikmit eridence that such kings exit 
iv ^\*^' ^ vmluabhw •• it tfansmils to us what were accounted i 
tytj*h iMMw^ Hw I cluai Ihmlim give the whole list of kiiu 
Tw ^^ iijiiiw*jfKw thi» UadMonabok, that Icehmdic record whi^ 
itf-^ '^^0^ ^ "^^ owturr; adding saeh names as atiU t« 
Al^rM^ ^ iih other wnitM^ whKh rambe them, o^ to hi 




oaUy the nine. A^ added to the word, dmiotes Angus. Where the 
I giyen in the ihiddle colnmn ia from any other authority than the 
inamabok, it is marked. 

Hamm. Iil. TaimgAMAB. Soorub Naxbb. 

Oraden, A. 
Kitk, A, 

G«at-r, Ooti. 


Godl. F. Pink, 'lDq.n. 283, 


Kay, A. 

CadflU, A. 

Affleck, A, 
Mob. p. Brodie, A. 


Braddi, Brodd*r ; Brntbn, Worn. 

XV9, • • . 

Oyda, Gydia, 
Tkorarino, Tborarna ; ThoMO, a Sv. Tom, A« 
name, Ihre, to. Tar, 

Gedd^, 8.B. 


dad, aoooCAvooiii 



SMk-r, genit Eirileii, 

Blif, Blaka, 

r Taroiii, 

ait, OT Garnaicd, 


It, (Ulao-haaui), 

Gamoi, a Banish general. F. H. Boet 

Bani,p.374. I>iri,p.l4A. 

Roe, 7th King of DenuMuk. 



Doghertj, 8. B. 

Dogaid ; aUo Dalglty, Ih- 

Dov, A. [fiUi0, A. 

Bewar; Daer, aUoBeer, A. 

Bne, A. 

Weir. A, 

Breid-r, Bratt-r. 

a common Ban. name, F. Pink, at sop. 
p. 288. 
Ircfa Teehla, or FecAto ; ezpl. Che . Beddoch. 

iU, as in one Qiroo. it is ren- 

at di nber, Ganat^direa, in an- Xxpl. ike ridk, from Goth. Genu. dH the, 
ter Oiron. and vber nota aboudantiae ; Pink. lb. 

c, TaloTP. 

t, son of Erp^ • • Throst-r ; Bnitta, Worm. Moo. p. 277. 


Imlaj, Tmlach, A. 
Naughton, A. 
Geallande; Alof,8ameas01of,01af,OUTe. Galium, A. 

Tadi, .... Walth, Wade; Fed, A. 

Braidie ; Baillie, A. 
Bora], Worm. Mob. p. 194^ tignifying, 

devoted to Tlkor. 

^ SOB of Am jle, 

», son of Morbet, 

By Galan, wUh Aleph, 

naicli, son of Bomnedi, 

at, SOD of Wki, Vaid, or Fode^ 

il, SOB ef Bill, 


ns^ sonof Taria, 


sat&B, Cnaataia, . 

Anfrna, A. 


CoDstantine, corr. Cotu- 
tain, was the proper 
name of P. Adamson, 
Abp. of St. AodrewB. in 
Ja. YI.'s reign. 

Biaid, A. 



Among other Pictish names, the following oocnr in oar hisi 

PionsH Nixn. 
finuid, Plait. Knq. L 311, alao^ IsL Oudmundr son Bnndi, flllni Brandl, Kiiitalng^ 
Bolge, Pink. I. 810. ....... 

Fialeieh, Ibid. 806. ........ 

Rikeat, Ibid. 306. ....... 

Peoten, lb d 448. ....... 

Baitan, Ibid. ........ 

Mairethnch, Ibid. ........ 

Thaoa, (rftiiding at Melgle^ A. 841.) Pink. 1. 461. .... 

Cait, a Picfci&h name, ....... 

Fennacb, Ibid. ........ 

Pacboa, FonJun. L 189. Pink. I. 801. Phiachan, Ibid. 810. 

Maicerce, Ibid. 444. ...... . 


Bimnd. * 

B<Mg, BoQf;; 



Penton, pi 

Beaton ; 







The following names, which are most probably Pictdsh, hai 
affinity to those of Iceland and Denmark. They almost all belong 
vicinity of Forfar, or to the parish of Brechin. 

Namb w Aaoos. 


Kettle, . 




Dunrard, pion. Daratf 

Annan, . 


Saten, . 


HerlU, . 

Odbom, . 

ThoiB. pron. Tarn, 

lUdddl, . 


Tenk ; but, perbaps erronconsly 

written Cook, 
Ireland, pron. Eritmdf 


Mann«^ . 

Oiubbe, . 


Renn4 ; elsewhere Benwlck, 



Uobbe, . 


Carr, Ker, 


Botttbie, . 

Dnffua, . 

Binnie, . 

Udney, (AbenL) . 






ISL. Aii» Dav. NAim. 
Simon. Jornndar-aon, Jorondr flUna, Kriitniaikf . p. 110. 

Fpode, p. 76. 
Ketell. Tborsteins ran. Kristnlaaf , 118. 
Haflid Marssion, Maris filins^ Ibid. 122. 
Saemnml, Ibid. 124. 
Ivar, Ibid. 126. 
Thorranl, Ibid. A. 981. 
Onund-r, Ibid. A. 981. 
Tboibiom, i. e. the bvar of the god Thor. 
YfcUn, Worm. Mon. p. 191. Asteflf Ibid. 816. So. O. A 

Ihrr, vo. AA amor. 
Kield, Worm. Mon. p. 184. 
Bamid, Ibid. 186. Heriolf-r, Landnam. pass. 
OOinm, Kritftnia^. p. 188. Oihioin, pw 196. 
Tome, Ibid. 
Rudl, Ibid. 196. 
SaU, n>id. 240. 
Tnke, Ibid. 196. 



Tfk, and Ebl, Ibid. 286. 

Biola« Landnamab. p. 22. Bolli, Ibid. 889. « 

Uall, Ibid. 266. 

Arland, Worm. Mon. p. 458. frfond, the naiM of an Sul if" 

NorweKian, A. 1126. Johnat. Antiq. 0. Scand. p. 244. 
Oaok^r, Landnam. p. 865. 

Maimus, a common lal. and Ban. name, pron. JVomri^ Oifcacj. ' 
Qrnbbe, Woim. Mon. Addit p. 16. 
Hacon, Ibid. 4(8. 

Ran rang. Ibid. 5US. Rannreifr, Landnam. p. 99. 
Derivvd perbapa from the name of th« god Tjr^ aa Tom fhaa' 

Wood fVom Woden. 
Rete, Worm. Moo. Addlt. p. 19. 
Ubbe, Ibid. 14. 

Bui, Johu^L Antiq. C. Scand. pp. 76, 77. 
Kari, Ibid. 110, Ac. (Kare, Ar. Frode.) 

Siwnrd, Siiraid, N'orweg. name in 8nthrriand| A. 1OO0. Ibid. M 
l>aflhak*r, Uiodnam. lis, 15, 4c 
I>i«f^ Ibid. 140. 
Bana, Ibid. 19. , 

Oddny. Ibkl. :.63. 

Skagi. Skcfjri. Ibid. 253, 254, firm <fc««i^ hair. 
SloU, Ibid. 72. 88. 
Bend. Ibid. 60, 170. 
Lodinhofd, (shaggy head) Ibid. S84. 
I»l. Qrim-r, (aerems) Ibid. 89. 
Aliakr, Ibid. 874. Alrao^, T8. A. S. AdfMe, Adita. . 




rvick, Hiddiick, 

IS AmavM. Ul. ajkd Dih. If amis. 

. Id. Kolla, IMd. p. 30. 

. HaUbiorD, Ibid. pMs. 

e, . . . BianiA, Bternl, 277, 840. 

n^ . . . IMkr, IMd. 

. Aod-nr, (rich) Ar. Vrode, 18, 75. Odda, Kriitnig. 124. Aod, Pictiah 
namtt, Pink, Soq. L 811. 

. Aroald, Prode, 70. 

. Mftur, IMd. 64, 00. 

. Maui, IMd. 80, 3U 

. Bteian, IMd. 68. 

. Teit-r, Ibid. 

. Ulelf, IMd. [611. 

. Oodrod-r, IMd. Oodmnd-r, Godrid-r, Landiuun. Qantar, Woim. Moa. 

. HalfdAM, Ibid. Hftldan-r, Herrw, 8.- 

, HroUaoff-r, Ar. Frod«, 70. 

. Htlgiflbid. 

. Heidrelc-r, Herranr. S. 

. HenieiD, Ar. Froda, 27. 

, Orm-r, Hcnrarar, 8. 

. SveTD, U>id. 

. Hallatdo, IMd. 

e, . . . . Orim-r, (seTenis) Ibid. 

^ . , BklritL, a man'a name, Johnat. Antiq, C. Seaad. p. 8. 

. Kragie, Worm. Mon. 104. 

. Blcardi, Landnam, 04. 

. Krabbe, a Danish name. 

. Sjlfa, Wana. Mon. 128. 

It is most probable that tbe following names should be viewed as 
longing to the same class r — Craik (Sn. G. AroA^a, a crow); Lonnie, 
mdarg, Mikie, Gorthie, Fitchit, Don, Grail, Daes, Linn or Lind, Low (Sn. 

logcL, fiamzna); Denchar, Bunch, Bawd, BoaiJi, Da^ Dargie, Bean, 
rang, Gadbert, Conttie, Contts^ Shand, Cobb, Neave, Tarbat, Stonier, 
&nd^, Dngnid, Broakie, Proffit, Eaton, Fands, Croll, Kettins, Porris, . 
ressok, Myers, Bjers, Neish, Towns, Hillocks, Hearsel (Sn. G. haer, 
tercitns, and sctellj socins, a companion in warfare); Glendaj, Meams, 
lermach. Leys, Dormont, Crockat, Leech, Emslie, Mug, Livy, Geekie, 
<egge. Craw, Stool, Machir, Goold, Herd, Lumgair, Laird, Bind, Annat, 
Hfihet, Pyat, Pet, Stark, Sturrock, Mamie, Grig, Bough, Doeg, pron. 
kmgj Cossar, Prosser, Torbet, Logic, &c. &c. 

VI. — The analogy of ancient Customs also affords a powerful test of 
be affinity of nations. I need scarcely mention the almost inviolable 
itachment manifested to these, when transmitted from time immemorial, 
f>pecially if connected with religion, or uphold by superstition. 

The Celtic inhabitants of this country observed one of their principal 
easts on Hallow-eve, which is still called SamJCin, V, Shannach. But 
here is no memorial of any festival at the time of the winter solstice. The 
lames which they have given to Christmas, Com. Nadelig^ Arm. Nadelek, 
jael. NoUig^ Fr. Noel^ Nouel, are all evidently formed from Lat. NatdUis, 
.e. dies natalis Christi. In Corn, it is sometimes more folly expressed, 
ku Nadeli'g, literally, Ood's hirth-d^iy. In Ir. it is called Breatft^hiy Breithla; 
lot this means nothing more than birth-daij. 

Thus it appears that the Celts have not, like the Goths, transferred 
be name of any heathen feast to Christmas ; which nearly amounts to a 
iroof that they previously celebrated none at this season. The matter is, 
ddeed, more directly inverted between the Goths and the Celts. The 
jrmer, observing their principal feast in honour of the Sun at the winter 


solstice, transferred the name of it to the day on which it is snp; 

Savionr was bom ; and adopted the Christmn desig^nation, snch 

tianitr then appeared, of Kons-maessii, or Bood-day, for the day 

in Gommemoration of the pretended Invention of the Cross. On 

hand, the Celts, continning to observe their great annual festi' 

originally in honour of the Son, in the beginning of May, re 

pagan designation of Beltane j with most of its rights, while they 

the Christain name of the day observed in commemoration of the 

our Saviour. This difference is observable in our own country to 

I day. In those counties of which the Picts were the permanent inh 

: t^pecially beyond Tay, Ttde and Rood-day are the designations s 

while Beltane is unknown, and Christmas scarcely mentioned. But 

! Wlonging to the Celtic territories, or bordering on it^ particular! 

^Yosl\>f Scotland, Tule and EiXHJ-day are seldom or never mention 

; This of itself affords no contemptible proof that the Picts 

Oothic nation, and that they still exist in those districts which 

5it\sso\l by their ancestors ; especially when viewed in connexion 

' >rriHit similarity between the rites still retained in the North of 

I ttiid thi^s*^ formerly common throughout the Scandinavian regions, 

j ivlobratiou of YuU. The analogy must forcibly strike any impartial 

who will take the trouble to consult this article in the DictionarjJ 

tiu^ Plots Kvn exteniiinated, or even the greatest part of them d&M 

' »ud thoir ivuntry occupied by Celts, it is improbable that the latter! 

hiiYO adoptoil the Gothic designation of Yule, and quite inconceivafa| 

t thoy would have totally dropped the term Beltane, used to denote tltf 

I ivlobmtiHl fi>a;jit of their forefathers. Why should this be the onta 

I wsod in thi^5so places formerly under the Celtic dominion, and 1 

luiknowu in Angus, Mearns, and other counties, which their laiM 

\\{wv tUo subjugation of the Picts, is supposed to have overrun? Dm 

b\»rr\^w tho term Ynle from a few straggling Saxons? This is contti 

\\\\ iu\»logy. Did the Siixons themselves adopt the name given bi 

Noriuun oonquorv^rs to Christmas ? Gehol was indeed used in Anglo4 

«M a dosiguation tV^r this day ; but rarely, as it was properly the nam 

month, or rather of |>art of two months. The proper and eccleau 

doHignatiou was MU-wuii&-daeg^ Midwinter-day- Had any nami 

horrowod, it would have been that nlost appropriated to religious uaa 

uuiuo, at any mto, must have been introduced with the other. But wi 

xwM a vostigo of it in Scotland- The name Yuh is, indeed, still m 

Dnghuul, Hut it is iu the northern counties, which wore posseM 

IV |HMH>lo originally the same with those who inhabited the Lowlai 

Soot land. 

lloiv 1 might refer to another singular custom, formerly ei 
among our ancestors, that of punishing female culprits by drowning^ 
obHorvo Homo vestiges of this among the Anglo-Saxons. Although i 
vailod in Scotland, I can find no evidence that it was practised ' 
C'oltH. It is undoubtedly of German or Gothic origin. V. Pi 
Gallows, Diet. 

VIL — ^A variety of other considerations might be mentioned, ^ 
although they do not singly amqunt to proof, yet merit attention, as i 
in connexion with what has been already stated. 

or THS soomsH lanouaqe. lix 

so great a part of the eastern coast of what is now called England 
irlj peopled by the Bkloae, it is hardly conceivable that neither so 
dng a people, nor any of their kindred tribes, should ever think of 
g their descents a little farther eastward. For that the Belgae, and the 
its of the countries bordering on the Baltic, had a common origin, 
nns to be little reason to doubt The Dutch assert that their pro- 
were Scandinavians, who, about a century before the common era, 
and and the neighbouring territories, in quest of new habitations, 
opte Historic van't Yaderland, i. 3, 4. The Saxons must be viewed 
Qck firom the same stock. For they also proceeded from modem 
and its vicinity. Now, there is nothing repugnant to reason in 
ig tiiat some of these tribes should pass over directly to the coast 
land opposite to them, even before the Christian era. For Mr. 
er admits that the Saxons, whom he strangely makes a Gaulic 
in the second century applied themselves to navigation, and soon 
fonaidable to the Romans. Hist Manch. B. i. c. 12. Before they 
ecome formidable to so powerfril a people, they must have been at 
» well acquainted with navigation, as to account it no great enter- 
cross from the shores of the Baltic over to Scotland, especially if 
ok the islands of Shetland and Orkney in their wa^. 
we have seen that, according to Ptolemy, there were, in his time, 
t tribes of Belgae settled on the northern extremity of our country, 
st natural idea undoubtedly is, that they came directly from the 
nt. For had these Belgae crossed the English Channel, according 
common progress of barbEtrous nations, it is scarcely snpposable that 
md would have been settled to its utmost extremity so early as the 

lere is every reason to believe that the Belgic tribes in Caledonia, 
ed by Ptolemy, were Picts. For, as the Belgae, Picts, and Saxons, 
3 have had a common origin, it is not worth while to differ about 
These frequently arise from causes so trivial that their origin 
s totally inscrutable to succeeding ages. The Angles, although 
le tribe, have accidentally given their name to the country which 
vaded, and to all the descendants of the Saxons and Belgae, who 
f far more numerous. 

is universally admitted, that there is a certain National Character, 
xtemal kind, which distinguishes one people from another. This is 
3 strong, that those who have travelled through various countries, or 
xairately marked the diversities of this character, will scarcely be 
d even as to a straggling individual . Tacitus long ago remarked 
iking resemblance between the Germans and Caledonians. Every 
r, at this day, observes the great difference of features and com- 
between the Highlanders and Lowlanders. No intelligent person 
land is in danger of confounding the Welsh with the posterity of the 
. Now, if the Lowland Scots be not a Gothic race, but in fact the 
lants of the ancient British, they must be supposed to retain some 
1 resemblance to the Welsh. But will any impartial observer 
) to assert, that in feature, complexion, or form, there is any such 
ity as to induce tbe slightest apprehension that they have been origi- 
le same people ? 





Anglia Borcalii^ Rovtk cf Xaglnd. 










Ancient, or Andently. 



Coontf or Dialect of Angw. 



Armorican, or lancnage of BreliifiM. 

A. a 

Anglo-fiazoQ langmife. 



Bdgie ]aa«a^«. 


C. B. 

Oambfo-Britannic, or WeUi Janftiff. 





Uaed ooeaitoaally for Chancer. 









GomvlaTnt of Seotiand. 



Oontncted, or CoDbractioB« 





Cormpied, or Conrvplioik. 





Danish lanfoage. 




Dim. Dimin. 




English lancnage. 

B. Glove. 


Erraimn, or Errata. 


Bd. Edit 




Explain, Explained. 



Fignratirer Figarati^g^. 


Finnish, lanfoage oTFlnland. 



French lang oage. 


Frank ish, Tbeotiae, or Tndesque Ian- 


Fri^n dialect of the Belgic 

8. A. 


GaeUc of the HighlandB of Scotland. 



German langoage. 

01. Gloss. 







Greek langnailb. 

Syn. 87B011 


Hebrew language. 



Spanish language. 


In the same place. 



Baring the same lignUleatifm. 






Irish language. 



Islandic (or Icelandic) lanfuage. 

V. a. 


Italian language. 

V. n. 


Sometimes for Janiaa. 

0. tmjMn. 

L. Ut 

Latin language. 





r, Metaphorical, M< 
M oe a o G othic, aa preaerred in 
laiT Tenion of the Gospels.* 




pa. Participle past 

PI oral. 

PieoopcDsiaB dialect of (be I 

PieteiitOi or past tense. 


Quod Tide. 

Chronicle of Bobert of 01( 

Baddiman's Olosaary to Doi 

After Islandic qootatioos, 

Soottisk, Scotland. It also 1 

a word is stiU used in 
The asterisk signifies that the 

whi^ it U prefixed, besMes 

moo signification in g««c*««>»^ ' 

In a dUTerent sense in 
Scotia Anstralis, South of 
Scotia Borealls, North of BaodaiAj 

Northern Scots. 
Sootia Ocddentalis, West of j 
Synonyme, Sjnonymfma. 
Sneo-Gothic, or ancient langiill 

Swedish language, (modem.) ^ 

Tide, See also, or Yolome. 
Terb acUTe. 
Yeib neuter. 
Verb impersoaaL 
Sonetimes for Wachtar. 







tftor A !mm. In the BcoCtSih Unstagt, fow dif- 

Md, M l» B. «IL mall. U is oflea added, u in 
eold, written also eamid ; and aometimes w ; 
•I aaiks of tlie prolongation of the sound. 
mi, in lok, wok. (oi;, S., as in Itut, past, B. 
pea in dad, fia4^^, a fiither, and some other 
s, 8^ aa in S. read, pret., ready, sdj. 
leader or do«e, in lane, alone, aloo^ flwt«ie, 
I, S^ Uke /ooe, jdaoe, S. The monbsjllablcs 

not alvays, a final e 

■i Ib maaf words instead of o in B. ; as (me, 
1^ lang^ mm§, tfUuu, for one, bone, long, song, 
c. Vor the Boots preserre nearly the same 
with the Anglo-Saxons, which ttie 
hftT« abaadooed. Thos the words last- 
were writteD in A.8. an, ban, long, Moing, 
L la asne of the northern counties, as in 
im aad M earns, the sound of ee or << prerails, 
ad ef •<, in 'viuioas words of this formation. 
I, hmt: 9iaM€, Ac, are pronounced dn, bdn, 
«, aflar the manner of the Gennans, who use 
i «f these feenns in the same sense, 
k ftis letter is written with an apostrophe, as o*, 
i iMant to intimate that the double I is cut off, 
Mfisff to the proonndation <rf Scotland. But 
t Is meiclj of modem use. 
— ftisafi i^efixed to words, both in 8. and O.B., 
•se It smkes no alieiation of the sense : as abode, 
If. which has predsdj the same meaning with 
k. This aeeana to hare been borrowed from ttie 
I, la which language abidan and bidan are per- 
if tjmoajmoQM, both simpl j signifying to remain, 

iipusltloii, sometimes signifies on ; as agruft, 
fte gnfe or l>eUy, 8. ; Isl. a ffm/u, cemui, prond. 
nsQo ftinks that a, in the ctMoapofiition of such 
voids as aside, afttot, adeep, is sometimes con- 
tii from at. But these terms are nnqnestion- 
r equhralent to an tide, an foot, fm deep ; an 
r Mcd, in the room of a, by ancient writers. 
•si, by oar oldest writers, in the sense of one. 
is asors fpfcihle than that of the 


indefinite article in English; for it denotes, not 
merely an indiridual, where there may be many, or 
one in particular, but one exdusively of others, in 
the same sense in wlxich ae is rulgarly used, q. r. 

J is often rulgarly used for hot, i.e. haie ; as, ^ done^ 
hare done. 

As, adj. One, 8. Although ae and ane both signify 
one, ttiey differ considerably in their application. 
Ae denotes an oltfectTiewed singly, and as alone ; as, 
" Ae swallow disna mak a simmer." Ane marks a 
distinction often where there is a number ; as, " I 
saw three men on the road ; ane (f them turned awa' 
to the right hwd." 

AAIBVHOUS, $. ^0b place of meeting appointed by 
the Foud-Oeneranj or Ohief-Goremor. 8hetl. Ap- 
parently trom arf, arf, an arrow prefixed to house ; 
as an arrow marked with certain signs was used by 
the ancients for assenfibling the multitude. Y. 
Croifhtarick and JFVre Crooe. It appears that the 
arrow, having been originally used to assemble the 
people for war, had, at least in name, been retained 
in calling the people to the place appointed for 
Judicial decisions. Thus aairvhoui denotes the 
house appointed for Judgment. 

AAR, $. The Alder, a tree, S. O. T. Am. 

AARON'S-BEARD, s. The dwarf-shrub called St 
John's Wort, Hypericum perforatum, Linn, Roxb. 
This plant was formerly believed by the superstitious 
In Sweden, as well as in Scotland, to be a charm 
against the dire ^ects of witchcraft and enchant- 
ment. By putting it into ropy milk, suspected to be 
bewitched, and milking afresh upon it, they also 
fancied the milk would be cured. 

ABACK, adv. 1. Away ; aloof ; at a distance, 8. 2. 
Behind, in relation to place, 8. Burnt. 8. Back ; 
used in relation to time past Angus. Rot^t Hdenorc 

ABAD, Abade, Abaid, s. Delay ; abiding ; tarrying ; 
the same with Bad, Bade. A. S. abid-an, manere, 
to tarry, to stay. Wallace. Doug. Virg. 

To ABAT, Abaw, e. a. To astonish. Ahayd, part. pa. 
astonished ; abavod, Chaucer. Fr. etbah-ir, to 
astonish. K. Hart. 

ABAID, part. pa. Waited ; expected. A. 8. abad, 
expectatus, hoped. Douglat. 

part, pa, IfyifoV". 


HDH ID deur. SeUcnd. Om 
AUANUONLr. AumwoKLT, odr. . 

St ntnint U duniiH. w-Maee. 
AH&NUOUH, /n oAoKliwn, d' oMu 

aAd-ir. Iiebekm. iLupUliini, n 

ABBACV, Amut, ). An tW 

.iirtt A. HI. 
ASUKV-LAIRD, .. A lurlltroli 

» »in pel 


1. Bnbthlj for 


UDlenUT BlhlbllH] In 

blddiu 1^ Agl al PiiUt 

DOS Dt the CbHuimu ipm-ls ; aiul, 

Btturnillh lerelUxl Hi 

nllj of Ui« viJCeertlngi 

MUniU, not 'lliilui 

ifld, hnl nftcnnnlfl for- 

■It 1/ (7nrnuK, tocaiiH 1 

AUEE. n kl OM, U Isl •JoDt ; 10 biu vUh ; u 

WBdlilliwIUi, S. Tolitbr.K. SUim. 
L«i-u>M, ■, PutbHir.iiM, or euniuiwice, £<4-<ir> 
/ir I<t aini nolu^ milwsiio^ S. L*i«-bii fi 

L»t un. r»r !»—■'&• c 

mioburib." rife. B^a In Lolk. IVitap 

dM JRfl 

'a ABT, e. a. To iiillvr rgr. O. E. airpi, oM 

ABIDDIN. ^orf. fa. mmedlor. SUatMmimt 
... .^ haba^ 

Buii: oniuuiiis It 

V. AllL. AaHnirf, 

'm, polnst, Ac. S. A pirvclp ; ■ tn(a« 

IkttBKZK. adt. tnabluft flrJJj V t w M 

.'Bull, a^. n tarn, BD-a. M h^ro (n boil. 8. 
ABOOT, oilr. Toboot ; il«.- odili t^ul U A bu«tli 

nKbiuue. Boib. 
ABOKDAflK, I. AppunnllT, i]i« ad of bokfdl^ 

abip. £u ZawJi, I(ii(/in>r>fyaei. 
ABOUT, adT. AlUiuMI; . u " lup ■laoL" 
ABOUT-SPEICH. >. ClRumliicuUMi. Itm^lat '• 
ABOWTNB. Akuii, Abov, |tnf> 1 Alnn^ ■ 

(»lng bigb« [I -' — — ■ - — 

r; •ftoini, 8.— at T* 

m. ». Suiwrlnr », 9, /'■■■ 
.«. Tb« ndkoftl tonn b <tiiI<" 
ASRAIDIT.}«r(.>u(r. Ai..t„ 

ttiDlr loDlK, when U bu bH-i«'>. 
purpoH. Roib. — O. Pc, aVoil 
Lit. abniltn, u Kmiw ar ahar. 
Ta ABIUUIB, v, a. To p«I>]l>k i f 

Tg ABRBDR. *. ■. Tu ^M ; w Ilf w > 

BltKRt), odr. In bnnillh, S. 61. j 
AURE1P. AnuDi 



dfttefteatOk "OiMiaMldtobeal«olTed>yiM» 
a< iwrtiiww, when then is foane defect or iofor- 
■ftliij la tiM pnoecdii^ ; for tibereby that instance 
ta c9d«d ntU new citation.''— iS^otfinooode'* Law 
ikcL jr A— a. AbMiMimr from the ektim. *' Wlien 
a peiwo is flrecd 1^ aentence d a Jadge from any 
AcU er dcaaand, ha is mid to have obtained abiolvi- 
tmfrwm Ou panoei'A daim."—IMd. 

IndcBtty ficn ibc we of the thiid per. ling, of 
ihe Latin ▼erb^^teofajtvr. 

ABOACLS.*. ObeUdo. FUtadHefs Cfrvn. 

AimKBNCS, «. A trace ; ce«iation of anDBS. Spots- 
waoft HisL—Wr. id. L. B. abstuuntia. 

ABST&AKLOCa, «(/. CnMs-tempeied. Ayn. Peiv 
hsp* a ■isaomer of obstreperous. 

AB-THAKK. Amtuamm, s, V. Tauia. 

MKW1S,prep, Abore. A. 8. mb^fant id. T. ABOwm. 

ABCLTSIT. Abvi.tiii^ Abiltbjt, parL pa. 1. Bre^t ; 
^paided. J) ong las. ± Xqnipped for tlie field of 
hsuSe. AtU Jo. JI.—Wi. habai-er, to clothe. 

ABCUEMCIT, a. Dies; habit. BeUenden. Fr. 

H AfeCSB, o. «. To dlsose ; to give op the practice 
tf aaviUBff. Acta Jo, IL Y. YyssiB. L. B. almti 

AKIilOUH, Aamiov, «. 1. Abase. Acts Jo. IV. 2. 

Bsaett ; iiporitioo pnctised on another. Fitsoottie. 

"Wr. afcmoa. 
ACL Bo; oat^. Bat ; and, Barbour.^ A. 8. cue. «qe ; 

Hea. e. MiA ; Alem. caA ; flo. G. odk, oci; ; Belg. 

f . A term oied In referencr to rent in 
AbtTv» Bei0. 
ACCBBBSrr, a. An scoesika, or easoal^. Spalding. 

IW t OCT. A UK, «. a Tb lay claim to ; to demand as 

«B^ rtrhL Acta Mwrjf. L. B. ooc/an-ore. 
AOOOMUL AcovviB, a. A species of mixed metal, 8. 

T. AlAMfTB. 

Ts AOCOKD. Used impcrsonsHy ; aa aooordt, or as 
oaards of Una, i. e. as is sfreeable or conformable to 
hv. It haa pcatei latitude of signification than the 
tfcmse, ma ejfeiria^ which denotes anything propor- 
liniil. eoovenieot, ar becoming, as well as confor- 
Bity. LtnmofS. 

A€CX>173f T, a. To Img o$ufs aeeouni with ; to assore 
sac's self of ; to oiske op one's mind to anything, 8. 

AOCnOX PIN, a, A metsllie pancU for writing on 

MMsC. V. AoooviB. 
AC^s. 1. The ^aallest dirisioa of anything. 2. A 

si^iia paitide ; a anit. Orlto. G. An4r. 
A OLs. A Am. ▼. As, Asi. 

AfJlBiii IBM, a. The geimination of malt at that 
mi «f thm grain fhns which the stalk grows, 8. Y. 
%a o. 
U ACHBBSFTBS, v. n. To diooC ; to sproot ; to 
~L m u oa pi rn . (Malaaerian Air.— A. 8. 
«€ com, oeoer, 8a. O. aakar, com, and 
tka prqfeetion of anything that is long and 
Ch". ««ooc« sommos, and cirupa, q^ixa. 
ACHIL.fl4f. V^*!^' Y. Amu 
1W ACK. «. a. To enact Y. Aor, v. 
iCKADBIIT, •«. A qrfritaoos liqoor resoabling ram. 
Ayn. Appanmtly the coir, of some foreign deslgna- 
•m feiffauili« with .dfiin. 

AOnUBALB, «4/. DIvMed Into single acres or 
L — A. 8w MHT an aoMt and daO-ant 

ACLITB, AocLTn, a<lv. Awry ; to one side. Bolb. 

8ynon. Affos, 8. 
ACORNIE, «. Apparently a drinking yessel, with ears 
or handles, like a quaitk. Vr. aoonU, homed; 
baring horns. 
ACQUAINT, AcQunT,j9ar<.a«(;. Acquainted. Pcoliiw, 

Mttrical Version ; HsaH ofMid.-Lotk. 
ACQUART, AiKwasT, adj. 1. Averted ; turned from. 

2. Cross ; penrerse, 8. Dov^laa.^A. 8. acwtrd, aver- 

BUS, perversus. £. aioJhoarct. 
ACQUATB, pret. tense. Acquitted. Acts. Cha. I. 
To ACQUEIS, V. a. To acquire. Buret. — Vx. acquis, 

acquise^ part. pa. ; Lat. acquisitua, acquired. 
To ACQUIBT, V. a. 1. To quiet ; to bring to a state of 

tranquilii^. 2. To secure. Act. J>om. dmc L. U. 

acquieiare, to render quiet or secure. 
To ACQUITE, V. a. Perhaps to revenge ; but doubt- 
ful. BeUenden. 
ACRE, s. An old sort of duel foufibt by single com- 

batante, Kngllsh and Scotch, between the frontiers of 

their kingdom, with sword and lance. — CuvoeVs Law 

ACRE-BRAID, s. The breadth of an acre. Pickens 

ACRER, s. A Yoxj small proprietor; a portloner or 

feuar, 8. A. 
To ACRES, Acaascs, v. n. 1. To increase ; to gather 

strength. Buret. 2. Used as a law term in S. to 

denote that one species of right, or claim, flows from, 

and naturally falls to be added to, its principal. — f r. 

aoeroisCre, Lat. aocrescere, id. 
To ACT, Acs,' «. a. To require by Judicial authority ; 

nearly the same with E. enacts with thiit diderence, 

that there is a transition from the deed to the person 

whom it regards. Acts Cha. I. 
AOTENTICKLY, adv. Authentically. Ad. Don. 

ACTION SERMON, s. The sermon that immediately 

precedes the celebration of the ordiuance of the 

Lord's Sapper in 8. 
ACTIOUN, s. AflTairs ; business ; interest. Bellenden. 
ACTON, s. A leathern Jacket, strongly stuffed, 

anciently wom under a coat of mail. Stat. Rob. I. — 

0. Fr. caiqueton, haudon^ L. B. akcton^ acton, id. 
ACTUAL, a4j. An actual minister, or an actual man, 

a phrase still used by the vulgar to denote one who is 

In full orders as a minister of the gospel, S. Wodrow. 

— L. B. actus, ofBcium, ministeiium. 
ADAM'S WINE. A cant phmse for water as a beve- 
rage, our first father being supposed to have known 

nothing more powerful, S. Sir Andrew Wylie. 
ADDER-BEAD, ADnKR-SnrAMB, s. The stone supposed 

to be formed by adders, S. Nithsdale. V. Bkad. 
ADDETTIT, part. pa. Indebted. Douglas.— it. en- 

debts, id. 
ADDISON, s. Access ; encouragement. 
ADDLE, adj. Funl. An addle dub ; a filthy pool. 

Cljdes. Y. A DILL. 
To ADDLE, V. n. To moisten the roots of plants with 

the urine of cattle. Benfrews.— Su. G. adl-a, mc- 

ADE, Asia, s. Abbreviation of Adam ; pronounced 

Toiie, south of 8. 
ADEW, used as an adj. Gone ; departed ; fled. 

DouffUu. — From Fr. adieti, nseii in an oblique seuhe. 
ADEW, part. pa. Done. WaUaoe.—A. 8. oc^oo, 

faoere, adon, toUere. 
ADHANTARE, a. One who hannto a place. Aberd 





£vl«ur.— OihI. BUir-aillk-ttt, llliu-AUiuii, cipl. 
"ihEgtoU ploiavii plilu," 
ADIENCH, 1. To «w odfoKC, to BUVs nKO. To 
ujvi ■ wnU oiKtnH, DDI la CDnflnc II In >u axtenL 
Fife. It II ffiuni. with 9. KMitli. 

i. Thv urfba of buck cultle- R^^uCkv*- — A- &- ttdt, 
aiUi} (on, Tiut. odnJ. tUth, tnlrc, Bu. U. oiUa, nw- 

ADlURI^jtLB, Adidehkil, Acle of. The iliiltuUnii 
(lieu M lh« record of * nntenu punnl id h crl- 
mltuU niua ; uil kept In «tui uo coiled Uio Bocla 
i^A^^immat, -AeU Marji- 

To AUIOIWIS, ». «. Tn oile J to lonnmio. fr. ad- 

AUIBT, irip. On thb dde, S, It l> oppmed U 
av«il, ( ». OB iheotner.ldi!. i'lJIir.— Peiliipsdoi* 
Oenn. <Uu. hoe, M. IMi. 

ADMINACLB, •. Podiipa, pendlele of Uad. Ucfi 

AUHINICLK,! Colliumpnxit. Brik. Iml. 
ADMIN ICC I. ATB, lan, pn. Sui'inTlfd ; wt fonh. 

CnnfeiluULk'i UM. Ijil. iidmlnieiU-tri, 10 |irQ|>. U 

To ADNTJU- B. a. To ibmgito ; » »aniil, I*t. 

Bolb. Ftod itaet. Ho*, to bs able.— A.B. duiraii, 
ptoUut, '•low. 
A1>BA1), fan. vi/. Atnld. Upp. CIrdci, Ql, 


AE-PtTR, a. QtiiDf U 

AB-FUB-LANU, Ait-rDt-ii 

' vJtIi ooe /umm, Iht pluoeh ntoniUiB viiluna 
.uring the idU. Sclklrki. Olrdoi. 

"'■T.vii. tUBgU-hudvl : lurlDi rau knod, 
AK-PUINriT-dAIBSS, I. a«l(<^4IkH, • IfiHlW Of 
•iD^le-pDlDtBd gnu, IdiiArkj. 

TV- ADVKKT, T. a. Tonen ; tolomMld*. 
ADVKBTBNCE. Anuntuea, i. 1. Reilnue. 3. Ad- 

odnrftr. to (Ito ^floo. 
7-0 ADVira, B. a. n> ><Mh a Camt or JVonw. Id 

TViADVOOATK.i.H. ToplcwI. PO. roodfwotta 

AtlVUCTHIE. ADtomiii. i. Adullorj. Amdmm-i 

Call. — 0. Ff. adiaiiHrt. 
roADi;n)iR.n, a. ToadDn^ the MM»>ith,4dorTu, 

XeiWi UiiC 
AUWANO. *()■. TlfMome. T. l>wini. 
AAoitr. Alnr>;K.«vi. B. fi=»4. Iii. «. MBper, 

HoM. Q. alw. ulrmua, 
AK. a4. I, OM, S. Ctdl wltli iMprrUUrei la u 

mmUn imm ; m. -Tbr 0* tail [elloii for lu 

bitfu." Bunt. V. Itltur A. 
tK.a4i. On); : M, " Whtik bnk Ou htutotsif u 

t nrlDgle^tne, «r la^ilfl 

ptODgblDX. UltB, 

-A. 8. n/am 

APAl.D. Artcui, Au^DLD, Ac»DU>i, Br»DIAa4f' 
Uuanl ; i^rttlil ^ wllhoBl diiplUIIr. S. IL Died ■■ 
nout Iti* null; ol Ih* dlTlna ehuuk Ib • DUd^ tl 
TMUU, Karbjw.— MmlO dfn/o'l'k 1>L MJtMU, 
S. oi^/uM, almplei. Jnumiliotdj tmB 8^ ■ 0( 
. Dui, wur/otd, fold. 
AFAUILV. ailr. HooenUj.: npflghtlT. BMtnJm. 

Perlupi, Bled oc dieted wlUi A*e. 
AFF, ado' Off, a B-m—ftoa O., III.. Bo. O^ 
, Bdf., iii^, <Ji. STO, af'i Una. ud Lu. a^. 
Trtp. From olT ; u deooUof UoeAge Mob Jto|. 
AFF al lU bwl, lunUbr. donnnad. S. B. <n. 5Wtf(. 

«n-iHl tnmBooUim, 9 
Win ^^hU/frfr" 

AFF0A8T, i. 


8, Su. Q. A/lmmt, ndltas; Iron a/, d^ as 

AFFBCnOCN. •. ttoliUonnblp ; 

hfltbttj. AotMJa- VI. 


AFFBKD, part. pa. AlMld, g. B. ^wrd, T 
o/airrL Anirlw-— A. S, i^AxroiL IcnUlw. 

AFFXUIS, KrniK), >. ntpiti. 1. Bacnnco: 
to ; 1> prapef OF eipedlenl ; tn'pHlilV tuM 
)■!». ^turlinr. a. It HOMMia MsIDh 
iPTopommuil la, B. jlel. Omc— 0. Fc afe 
IBTIanlt, LaL OJfiro. 

AFF-FA-INa, t, Scnpl; cullBjIt; vtul ki 
off. «■. itflilld, B tall pir. 

AFFQATX. «. A mode r>r illipodnc »f. u 
Bplillid » oienbiuidlH i u aJTiaU toi (oodi 
|Nrrtupt TMfaer a^oft, q. (□ jt«t uiL 

flH (ytokluf, B. lUlln 'Aand Anf, 




Afr-HA3rD, aOm. Withcdt pTcmadKattoo ; fortlH 
with : viihout delaj, 8. JBam«ay. 

ArrLUTK. Arr ixwr, €id«. 1. Withonl book ; off 
kiad. To xepemi <^ lif/^ to deliver merelj from 
■cBorj, vlchoat haTing a book or notes, 8. 2. £x- 
mpoR, vitltoat premedit&Uon, 8. JZaauay. 3. 
Ftnbvith ; out of band. Prom 8. aff^ ^t *i^ '*'/-» 
te palB of the hand. 

irrOftDELL, adj. AUre ; yet reraainiug. T. Toedbl. 

Alt PCT. c Delay, or iiretenee for delaying, 8. 

irrPnTINO, 04/. Delaying; trifling; dilatory, 

. AITEAT. 9. Fear ; terror ; Cftonoer, id.— Vr. affrty 
^fwL terrenr. Bartour. 
AlfBOITLIE. adv. Affiightedly.— Yr. c/roy-fr, to 

VFIOKT, «. IKjgace; ihame, 8. ^rbuAfurf tm 

. ff imONT, «. a. To disgrace ; to put to shame, 8. 
' imOSTED, par. adj. Having d«me anything that 


one to shame, 8. 
UnOTSTLESa, adj. Not iiiaoeptilile of disgrace or 

irrSBT, a. 1. Dismlsiioo ; the act of puttinff avay, 

V. S. An excnse ; a pretence, 8. ifaNtt.— Uoes. 0. 

nfmt-jmm^ amoreK. 
At KIDK. «. 1%e fkrther sida of any ot^Ject, 8. So. 

ft. 9ftidi9, seorsam. 
AffTAK. f. A piece of waggish new, tending to ex- 

p0» one to ridicule. Fife. 
AIFTAKUC. s. The habit or act of taking off, or ez- 

pdBSf oehccii to ridicule. Fife. 
AflAtGHT, odik Ikying flat. Bosh. Y. Flauobtbubc 
ATLOCHT. AvxocCHT, part. pa. Agitated ; in a 

latMf, S. ▼. Fi4>CHT. BeUenden. 
APUU-flT, AToaa-riT, adv. Indiscriminately ; all 

vflbeot ezceptton. Upp. Clydea. ; q. all before Uu 

AfOK ATN. prep. Opposite to ; the same with Fore- 
UJST, q. T. Barbour. — A. 8. onfcraah ante, coram, 
•ad feo*. contra ; on being changed into a iu 8. and 
L, a* •enMV into away. Foran onffean, ex advcrm. 

llOKXENd, .prvp. Opposite to. Y.FoaaAxaKT. Wyn- 

AllUT, adm. Ia a slate of delay; on credit V. 

AFTEV. mdw. Often. 8. JBoauay. A.S. a^ iterum. 
ATTIK AXK adv. Alike ; in the aune manner ; in 
L e. OifUr one. 

a. Omseqoence ; effect ; what may 
Biv; as^ " He dnratsa do't for fear o* the a/ler- 
tm" Boxb. 
ArriBCUtP, *. Xril consequence, 8. Gl. Sil>b. 

a. Consequence; what ounui after, 


ArmcrJIMSR. «. a siwcesK>r. Lett. Ja. V. 

AHIIGArr. adj L Proper ; fltUng. 2. Tolerable ; 
■riuali'. Bnxbw 

ft AFTEAGANC^, «. «. To follow. BosB. A.& 
a ^ g am . avbMiqai. 

AfTElBEND, adv. Aflerwarda. T. EtTiSBEsn). 

AnnUKGSv AJTT'un, f. pi. Y. The bust milk drawn 
bM a caw. B. lanrash 2. Tlie remainder, in a 
MS pneial aense; as, "The affrlns o^ a feast" 
Ik «r Fife. S. Consequence. Ayrs. B. Oilhaite. 

AflEUrFPEB, M. The interval between supper and 
^■liimi IabaiIcs. T. FoEnuma. 

tflBBWALD. a. Tku dIvUUn of a faxm adled Oni* 

AFWARD, adv. Off; away from. Benfr. J. Wilmn. 

AGATN, adv. At another time; u>«d indcliniii-ly. 
Reg. Dalton. 

To AGAIN-CALL, v. a. 1. To revoke ; to recall. 2. 
To oppose, to gainsay ; sj as to put in a legal bar in 
court to the execution of a sentence. Syn. Faluk, v. 
Pari. Ja. III. 

AGAINCALLING, «. Becall ; revocation. Barry's Ork. 

AGATNE, Ao&NB, prfp., 8. Wav&rley, 
WjfntowH. — A.S. (/ran, agen^ ongean, Su. G. gm, 
igetky lA. gegn, gen, contia. 

AGAIN-OEVIN, s. RcstoraUon. 

AGAIRY. 7oGoAoAiaT. To leave one's service be- 
fore the tvnod-day. Orkn. 

AGAIT, ode. Astir; on tho way or road. T. Rait. 
Wallace. — A in the sense uf otif and gat% a way. 

AGAITWARD, AoAiTWAian, ado.. 1. On tlie road, 
u$cd in a literal sense. 2. In a direction towards ; 
referring to the mind. 

To AGAN£*SAY, v. a. To recall. ** Revoke and o^ane- 
$ay." Aberd. Beg. 

A'-GATES, adv. £veiywhrre ; all ways. Antiquary. 
Y. Aloait. 

AGATIS, ado. In one \%aj. uniformly, Barbour.— A 
one, and gatie the piur. or genit. of A.S. gcU, a way. 

AGEE, A-Jia, adv. 1. To one side, 8. To look agye, 
to look aside, Gl. Torkt. Bamtay. 2. A*Jar, a liulc 
open, 8. Burnt. 3. Deranged in mind ; as " Hi? 
brain was a wee ogee." From a, on. and jec, to move, 
to turn. 

To AGENT V. a To manage, whether in a court of 
law, or by inlercitt, 8. Baillie. 

To AGG&EGE, AooREAiMsa, v. a. To a^ravate ; to in- 
crease ; to enhance. Acti of Auembiy, Fr. aggro- 
ger, id. 

To AGGRISE, r. a. To affHght ; to fill with horror. 
Agryse, Chaucer, to shudder, to make to bhudder. 
Dougloi. A. 8. agrysan, horrcre. Y. Garis. 

AGGIE, i. Abbreviation of the name Agnes, S. D. 

AGLEE, Aglxt, A-olt, ado. Off the right line ; obli- 
quely ; wrouK, 8. Burnt. Y. Glky. 

AGNAT, Aoxatk, Aoxbt, t. Tho nearest paternal re- 
lation. CJUUmerf Life of Mary. LbA. agnati. 

AGREATION. t. Agreement, F. AcU C%a. I. 

AGREEANCE, t. Agreement. Spalding. 

AGRUFE, ado. In a flat or grovelliug position, 8. 
Y. Gbcfe. 

AGWET, t. The name anciently given to the hill on 
which the castle of Edinburgh stands. Ilardyng. — 
Conr. from C. B. Agned, Cattel mynyd Agntd ; ]>cr- 
haps, q. *'the caatlc of the rift«d mount," agtn, 
signifying a cliff, ageniadj id. agenedig, rifled. 

AIIECHIE, interj. An exclamation utU:red in ludi- 
crous contempt liOth. Y. Ubch, IIeoh. 

AELIN, ado. Behind. Abeni. 

AUIND, AniMT, prep, and ado. 1. Behind, in respect 
of place, 8. Buchan Poemt. 2. Late, after, as tu 
time, 8. 3. Applied to wluit remains, or is left, 8. 
J?o«f. A. S. liindan^ post, act hindan, a tergo, on- 
hinder, retronmm. 

To CoMS IX AniST one. To take advantage of one, 8. 
Bob Boy. 

To Get ok Ahixt one. To get the advantage of one in 
a banrain, to take him in, S. 

AHOBIEL, ode Turned upside down ; applied to a 
vessel whose bottom is upward. Roxb. From a fur 
on, and QtiA<mI«, q. v. 

AY, ado. 8tUl ; to this time; as, "Ue's ay Uving," 

I he li atiU aUve, 8. 

AVCRT. f *D oath. Ahtrd. BeB- T. A 

Aleut's, Hiruivi. {gttU.i I. A bury 

■ rmng nsplntlmi ; ipjHinmtl j frDn Uibd 

AIDLfrltnLR, I, A 1.>,1d tnio ■bicb i 

n Is Eltr. Ynt. for (be i 

AIOAB-MEAL, >. Mul Dude of gi*Ia drlnl In ih 
ATQAR-B&OBE, t. A Bort Df vaUngs rahia gf lb 
ro Allill. K, a. Toon: Wbo IndthUil. .Kgllow 



ilou. "I-ll glc jnu TBur alpkCni," B. U Mou. Q 

a£pAu, poaAfulotl. 
I> A1«UT. KnoT, >. a. 1. Tu on; to be InAetilnl 

3. To own ; u IM Uie siinir o(. AWrd. Stoue 

JimAI. T. Ainn. 
AIULKT. I. 1. A Mied p«lni. 171. fiM>. a. : 

je*d In iian'g up, Gl. iS.U. Vi. eigiiiknt, lA. i; 

0. Alem., Ocrin, eiiAi, So. <i. at. 

AIKBHIT. psrf. ai(]. Bunt . wca dftcn. hirtiig 

AUClK-aumaAB. i. a una rl'en br ahlliln 
null flU Ai«]l& lilwabol bf Ui« HA. Mouni, 

ArKIT.firH, Ooitl. ^»<ril. &«, 

AIH1IAW. >, I'lttcd vorlx lIchEB, L. ■^blcnli 
Liim- Bniilbois. T. Siimunw. iiB»yoo(. 

AIKBNAQ, 1. Tba bTDtaa boii(b ol u Mk. 

AVL&I. I. A prnjmuanlnm the b<idTor>rta> 

Km.e.H, 1. Todnivlauillbn* 
■ al luiilnUiKi -. Is bnnibt ivoa. 

AIR. I. Kipl. " lulr, lUBt Aw k ibiii; ol na 

TVi AIR. To iuU : lo bUie ■ duU qiiuUij. 
Allt, (. A suKl'hiuili. OrkDtr. Sbetlwl. 
Altt. ATI, Ak. Am, iKtri 1. Ui-Cimj » 
Wallna. i. EiilT. >VU air. nrj nrlj 

H-uHon.— A. 8. Al 

AIHvi, Allan, CfuU ; atlr. tararlj ; MuUr ; •• 
"Thlt DHI'l B,inll ilUM." LoUi.— A. & Hf* 
wnUfa*, kdIkw. 

Amen. AKuil. >. AnnlB. Abecd. Bnilb. 

nAIW^U, (iiraa. J(mA)r.a. Tautt>uv; WAm 
UouUr ilUoot, Boil). AbsMeant. It li not con 
fined to itboMinf nth « boir. thnwb. pwhi|i«de0 

AnrUKIt, t. 'a umAisu 

nuAe. V. II »( 
AIIl-YIeTUU(.N, <. 



ina, f. Iran, a. 

O.tom. T. IWB 

AAUUI, «. «. To 

AimM, pL fitten 


of befog mAy, S. 
B. T. Ian. 

8. Aeti Ja. IJL 

— IiL itam. 8a. 
with AB Iron. 




t. 1. Quarter of the heftren; 

a. DMHKot. 2. A particuUr 

€f lb* eurth. WtdlMo^ 8. On every ori, on 

tvciy hutd, oo all tkUt^ Aw^lat.— Gael, otfrci, a 

point ; Ocna. ort^ wart; Bdv- oonlc, a place 

U. oorf; Moea. O. wairtkit veniu^ feo- 

peiatoT the ocMpaaii 

lb HIT. Abt» Xbt. a. a. 1. To direct; to mark out 
a camin eeorae ; ued with re«pect to the wind, as 
thieiiig from a particolar quarter, B. Law Gate. 2. 
To give direetioa or instroctloo, in order to find out 
aeertaia penoo or place, ^ an j other ot^Jecti S, Sir 
J. Smdmir 

A AIKT en. «. «. To orf* forward, pointing oat the 
pnpereoarse. Da»idim. 

A AIKT mat. To discorer after diUgant Mareh ; as, 
" I awttt him ooC'* 

AIKT aad PA RT. T. Abt. 

Ain'AMKlf T, §, T. AiwaR. 

km.Awm ^, PoUshed ; applied to freeii o iBe finely 
Abp. HamUtouH, 

a. Bockj bank, like ashlar work. 

. a. Used in the mme sense 

as denoting assistance, aooommo- 

oommodam. Stat. Bobtrt I. 

a habit: espedally a bad one. 


; for it may be viewed either as a r 

co usuiai loo, or aa an a4f. T. Aiw. 

Ainar. «. a partridge. Peiliapa oO^en, the fowl 

Aai feeds among the oata 
Aim. mij. Oaten. 8. Rit$im, 
AIT-FAUJI, a. A cake of oat-bread. T. Fabui. 
AITH or AIFTULND; s. That kind of land called M- 

>4d. which was made to carry oats a second time after 

karley. aad h»d receiTcd no dang. Ang. — Perhaps 

ftam A. 8. a</t, itemm. 
AITH. Attbb. a. An oath. T. Ann. 
AITH-HSXNSS, «. pi. Apparently, AcoA-Anu, as 

Mug brad cm tho heath. Skene. 
ATTLIFP CRAP, a. In the old hosbandry, the crop 

sfter bear or barley. Ayrs. V. BaAa-LBATi. 
m& Oata, 8. Wild AUm, bearded oat grass, 

& Atcoa fiscoa, .Mm.— A.8 ota, ate, avena. 
trrSXRD, a. Oat-sowing. 2. Season of oat^owing. 

Ada Jo, VI. Y. BaAa-asBD. 
AITKR, a. A he-goat, after he has been gelded. 

IW then be Is denominated a bock ; a horse. 



AR.S: A 

Hmna.— IsL 

laasMe of 

AirniR. «4/. Tezy hnngiy. Bozb. nearly obsolete. 

T. Tavanr. 
AIXMAN, a. A hewer of wood. SatherL One who 

curies a battlo-aze. PUaooUU. 
AIX-TRX, a. An axlefree, 8. Y. Az-nn. 
AIBLR, s. A hot amber. T. Bisau 
AKTX, mdj. Oaken. DOa^Io*. 
ALAOCCT, a. Bo^teion. T. Allaouct. 

ALAIOH, aifK Below, ta ssqpect of litaatloD, aa 

pared with another plaee. Belkixks. From on and 

laiffk^ low. 
ALAIS, t. pL AUeys. fToUoee. 
ALAK, VToIIoes. T. Lak. 
ALAKANBR,, iiil«7. Alas. Ayrs. Piekm. 
ALAMONTI, ALLAMom, s. The stonn finch, a fowl. 

Procellaria pelsgica. Linn. O^n. The same with 

the AaaUag of St Kllda. AllamttUi is the proper 

pronunciation. Acill.— ItaL oio, a wing, and aioio, 

ALANB, Allavi, adj. Alone, 8. ITyntowa.— Alem. 

alain, Oerm. oMeM, alone ; from aM, omnis, and 

aia. cin, anas. 
ALANERLIE, 4Kiv. Y. Allahbelt. 
ALANO, ALA508, prep. Along. So. O. laon^ id. 
ALAREIT. Y. Laebit. 
ALARS. Alar$ fH, apparently, the gate orerspread 

with alder. Paliee Hon. — A. B. oZr, Alem. ellra, the 

alder ; So. O. oior, of or belonging to the alder-tree. 
ALA8TEB, Alistbb, a. Abbreriatfon of the name 

Alexander. Spalding, Jacobite Reliea. 
ALAYOLEB, ode. At randoiA. Y. Allatoub. 
A LA WE, adv. Downward ; below. Y. Law, Laws. 
ALBLASTRIE. s. Apparently, the exercise of the 

cross-bow. Y. AWBLASTBB. 

ALBUIST. amj. Tboi^rh ; albeit. Ang. Rnaa. 
ALCOMYE, a Latten, a kind of mixed metal still ased 

for spoons. Hence, Aceamie epunet. upoons made of 

alchymy, S. B. Y. LATtotni. Dovi/ku.— From Fr. 

etlquemie, or O. E. otoAymy. 
ALD, Aldb, Aulo, otO*. i- Old, 8. Yoiks. 0. E. aUL Id. 

Wynlown. 2. What is deemed unreasonable ; as, 

** Here's an auld wark about naething."— A. S. eald, 

Alem. aU, retus ; derlred from A. 8. eaM-ion, to 

remain, to stay, to last. Alem. alten, to prolong. 
" Auld to do ;'* a great fuss or pother. 
Auld baibs. The renewing of old party quanrels is 

celled "the ripping up o' aaUd $airt," I. e. old sores. 
ALUAY, ode. In continuation. Teut alle-dage, 

ALDERMAX, «. Old term for a mayor in 8. burghs. 

ALEDE, B. A rule. 7eA alede, each rule. Sir Trittrem. 

— A. 8. tnalaed-an, to lead. 
To ALE6E, V. a. To absolve from all^iance.—^r. 

aileg-er, id. Wyntnwn. 
ALENTH, ad-v. On length ; far lenfrth. 1. To come 

aUntk, to arrire at maturity. 2. To gae far atftnth, 

to go great lengths. 8. To be far aJentk, to be far 

adranced, to make great progress, S. fi. 
ALERON. Meaning doubtful. 
ALEUIN, ad^. Eleven. Complaynt S. 
ALGAIT, Aloatb, Aloatis, adv. 1. Every way. 2. 

At all events ; by all means. DouffUu.---0. E. all 

gate, R. Bmnne ; all gates, Chaucer. From all, and 

gait, or gatie, i. e. ail ways. 
ALH ALE, Albalblt, adv. Wholly ; entirely. JkmgUu. 

From all, and kale, kail, whole. 
ALYA, Allia, Allta, Allat, «. 1. Alliance. Wallaee. 

2. An ally. Act$ Ja. VI. 8. Sometimes used aa a 

plural noun, signifying allies, ^eilendea.— Fr. allie, 

with a Saxon termination. 
ALIAY, AiXTA, $. Alliance. Ada J a. IV. 
ALYAND, part. pr. Keeping cloee together. Wal- 

laee.—Vr. alli-er, to Join, to knit 
To ALYCHT, v. a. To enlighten. DougUu.—A. 8. 

alykt-an, illuminare ; alykt-n^feae, illuminatio. 
ALIE, $. Abbrev. of a man's name ; also of Alison ; 

at times Elie. 





; in «M^ right aiad, TerioMi 
i AUai, q. T. 

•4|. AD kind oi, Aw kirn kind, & 

— A. 8. oBll<]r», omnlfencu. Y. Kijr. . 

A ALLOCAXa; VL «. To aiiftortioa the mims doe lif 

rfhniiirr in aa a^gmentatioa of a inlnlgter*> 

S. 8pM». to ^MoL jn^iik. /lut 

Orer and abofve. CWIoden Pa^ert. 
«r I ALL OCT. mAl Ib a great d g giee ; beyood oomiiaii* 

r« ALLOW, «. a. 1. Tovppnmoi, genenUy with tiM 
pv«p. ^sal^oiaed. M»lt«ek. 2. Topaiae, toeooi- 

', to approTC^ 8a. 0. 


A miTJL, a. a. TW al^. 

/«. 17. 


a— Ft. 

Ail.lBIK Auaus. 

f«KXXT« wcda^ycctiTefy.— <X K. aire. id. 

>-A. & «lhr«. g«aiL fi. «r«B, 

id. T. ALua. 

« la «><•«. Ubil^M. 
AUJL-TOLHL AiXB-Tous. m^. Gid<^ ; mlalale; 

- Aa «2;«-«o{*r c^eU.* a Totetile fcOov, 8. 
f¥ ALLfiGK. ft. «. T»fttTiae;to 

f¥ ALLSaX, «. «. T^ ooniim.— L. B. aW^ ar^ 

AUJKLiXa^ in— WiT», 9. AlkgatioB. AeL 

AUJUX.«^ AlMC^&lL G«im. id. T. Alixb. 
r» ALLXMAXD, o. a. TW condoct ia a fooaal and 

<««itlT strle. AjTS. Amm.^AtPmr. 
ALLB-MSN. a^f. Owmb ; «aiT«naL Jt^mL AilL 

— S«.G.aU 

Whatty ; catlicij ; ahagHher. AOtr- 
Bm r k m u r.-O. S. aider. Id. often 
|«^eAx«d to a sagvilatlTOL T. An iitt 
AUJLRIS.«.jri. The aae with AiXAUS. Anylaf. 
ALLI&ISH.a<^ Chil]^;iathcroQid;aaaa**aU4riak 
■Mnung^'asMOnonuag. TtrwtL Y. XLauou, 

ALLKTIX.jwrtpa. AUowtd ; admitted. Aomalyne 

/Vau.— A S. mUf-mm^ coooeden^ paaaitteie.— So. O. 

l4^«r^«« lloe«. G. la«^*«B» Id. 
ALLYXS. mdr, 1. AltagMher; lhoroi«b|j. Ommmm 

mmd Gift. ^ Hore willii^lj; rather. Sdkhks.— 

8tt. O. aU«Hi9w, alfMajii, A. L. 

ALLO W AX CK, «. Approbatioii. BcUoek. 
ALLOWSa. «. a. To loose ; to rdease from. Aberd, 

Aqp.— A. 8. aiy»-«Ji. liberare. 
ALLPUIST. Anisr, Anacz, eoi|f. Althoqgh, & B. 
/Mwm. Load. Feihapo ooxr. fixM 

ALLBYIC, a4y. Coostuitlj progresaiTe, applied to 
Bariamr. — ^A. 8. all, ooouiia, aod r«tti»-a«, 
to flow, to rm. 
ALLSTKTNB. Aixanns, a^f. Ancient JfoOIoMd 
— ^A. 8. mU, old, and tirfnd, geneiation, oi 
to beget. 

ALLTHOCHTB. omv- Altfaoi^h. ANi0lat.— A. 8. all 

an, and tikoite, part. pa. q. " ererything thought of, 

or token into coniidenition.'' Y. Thocbt. 

ALLUTKRLa; ArcrrxaLT, ado. Wholly; entirely. 

, — ^A. a. all, omnif, and uter, mtter, exterior, 

ALL-WKILDAXO, m^j. AU-^oreming. ITallaee.— 
A. 8. on, aD, and weold-an, to govern ; Fnuw. 
off— off, IsL a n -4Bia ld ar, ooukipotent. 

AL¥4TX,a. The German langnoge. O. Fr. ^lemony 
id. Ckdor. 

ALMAXIB wmSTLB, a flageolet of a Teiy small 
\ aaed by chOdroi, Aberd. Thos denominated, 
whistles of this kind wov originally imported 
tram Aljiaaie, L e. Cknnany. 

ALMABK, «. A beast aoeoBtomed to break fences. 
Shed. Peihapo one that oTerie^w all wtarka or 

ALMASBR, ALMOsxim, t. An almoner, or dispenser ol 
atms. I>HM6ar. — ^From jtlaioac, alms. 

ALMKBTB, AuioatB, «. Anciently a place where olau 
were depoated or distribated ; in later times osed to 
denote a press or copboard, where utensils for house- 
keeping are laid op ; the same with S. ambrjf, Ihm- 
hmr.—O. X. aioMry, a place to pot meat in ; O. Fr. 
aloMcre, ■— irt; A. 8. aloieri^e, repoeiuuiimv 

ALMOXS, Aufoona, s. Alms. Bsl/oor's PrmeL^O, 
Fr. aalaMOM, id. 

ALMOUS, Auiowa, Aran, t. Alms, 8. ^I«mm8^ 
O. S. Wfntowm. 8o late as the reign of Jameo lY. 
licenses were granted by the oereral oniTendties to 
soBw poor stodents to go through the oonntry begging^ 
In the same manner as the jioor sokolort bdonging tt 
the Church of Bubm do to this day in Ireland. 
AnMBgthooe designated ** ydill and Strang beggaits," 
are reckoned— "all Tagaboundis sooUarls of tin 
Tniasnltris of 8aBetuidroi% CHa^jow, and Ablrdena^ 
not Uomeilbathoreeloraiiddmiaofteeallla of tM 
YBinanltia » ost o l moMt.'' AtitJ^ VI. IfTi, SI, 
UkL m, 8I.-A. & dkm, rtwwi / tv. dimtm i Ctff 

^<— . mm.M^ *■ 

ABkKIW. m>8t.> A« mniflwrmUMillTth 


I. •« Om. a. Avftw —Mm* O. Ml ; l e. 

AJCnrr. tana. A»« ^v. art aAi Ka 

AnLTV. ya« f» «««i : «B*Bj. inn 

AXD« urn 1 1 , uon, Mbh. fnfi 1. Otn 

ABET7, I«l'i7, trwJisiT. Htn.— Alib;. oiuliB^, 1 
pcilii|i> •«»r4ri, OBI or nm In «nl>r ; Mb'<(| 

UIBBI.T. Ahuk, ai^. SIbiiIi . tgUBfT, i 

t^ 4^. Onse. Y. Asln, Am. 
A.VK BRKANK. VnatrJy ea tmntmm-,^ 
imifi IB re»«ni to lh>uti|«I u 

«KKrB,«r9. BoHMh.S. ««< JTAWrvl*:— A. 

AMURUrHKlit, J. T!i> b<uVHl in Mibnl tea 
■m«. PCallM*.— A B . Du„ Genu. nX 
w tagle ; Tmk. awM, • lUiHI, (I, Tiol hi 

ANOKIl.*.*. TatwnnaanirT.a 
n AKflBH. (. a. Ts »i ; u gMr 
iBIrifiiif Ule M» St Lntl of lUEpsf o 

A]ii)IJS.B(iHI, I, A cIRUlH bnia ID a i«aML 

n-aa«l Uut I and V. I 
IUHprTfi>n> wlln w , a 

n pnibn) J* wliriii. 





iJUHUIiTl'l, 9. 

of mind ; faudlhood. 
flnuitn, conxBfe, 

kXJM, 8. Agreement ; eoacoid. Wfniown. 
ASOt Asm, Abis, Abb, adv. Onee ; pnm. at alMe, 
vfAMC, A. «mse, a. B. Aw^laf. Th« genit of A. 8. 
ML BO, one. siua, nnias, aIm rendered Mmel, q. 
■dle^iin temporife. 
ins. Asian, ff. pi. 1. Asms. Ctron. 5. P. S. Meia- 
fDT foolish fellows. Ba$uuU]fne P.— Ft. 
Mimma ; So. O. amo, lal. oim^ an us. 
ISn tte geait. of Am, one. Y. Ahis. 
ASUI^ff. Aflzloi. Oricney. .Anefccr. Diiteh. 

Unwillingly. flelkiits.— Tout. 

ASUB-fiAIDELL, HAanccwiiDU, «. A hennlt ; an 
■■cfcalU, JPfcsMait —A. 8. onorr-oeOs, an anchor- 
itfseell or aenl^ a hermitsge ; fram oncer, a hennit 

Or. ayay^'PV^C* 
«. A laige loaf, of an oblong fonn. 
The HBBO ia ostended to a iriieaten loaf, bat properij 
one BMdo of lye, 8. (71. 5JM. Q. an 
stadr, or svpply ; or from some fkncied 
to the sloefc of an onekor. 
ASU8, «. Propeily ** a kind of knife or dagger nsnally 
van at the girdle," as the term oocnrs in Chancer ; 
to denote a pike fixed in the diereron of a 
^ir Oammu franc. andoMt anaUae, adlate- 
nb tela■i^ fram les, lams, the lide ; C. B. anolasj 
s d^0v ; Lb B. anefaeAif, id. 
MSUhlUM, a. Xnamel. Y. Akaixxs. 
in, AnxKT, c A half-Teal's salary legally due to the 
ef a mlniater, in addition to what was doe ex- 
r, aeeevdlng to the period of his incombency, 8. 
Adi Cio. //. — ^Tr. onnafe, L. B. ammUa. 
ftAIOIBCT, «. «. To annex ; parL pa. ammext, lAt. 

asnacf s. Aei» Jo. VJ. 
iS%EDJLf M. Probably the old name for Indigo. 
JuiJiaitPATTili, a. The district now denominated An- 

UOEXIM and OOHNKXIS. A legal phrase, oocmring 
In eld dcodis aa denoting erery thing in any way oon- 
BKlBd with pomession of the right of property referred 
li. Law Lat. oMiecit cC eoMw*^. 

AVSnXUlC, ff. An appendage ; synon. with 8. 
I> mi k l i. lAt. onnearia r , appended, conjoined. 

ASS13EBSART, t. A distribution annually made to 
ihs dttgy of any regions foundation, in times of 
Hpeiy. L. B ounJoersartMn. T. DAiLL-siLTsa. 

iXXUALU Asscaix, 6aoinn>-Amix7ALi., t. The qnit- 
rcat or fem'dmtjf that is payable to a superior erery 
ymr, for po aseiri on or for the privilege of building on 
a eenaitt piece of ground, 8.— Ut. onniiaiiff ; Fr. 
aMwl yearly. 

ASVUBLAB^ ff. The soperior who reoelyes the on- 
^uU or fe«-daty for ground let out for building. Y. 
Tor AxBvnXu 

ASOSBSB, AMivam, prep. Under, 8. B. Fife. Ammder, 
i. A. Ttal. Oiider, id. A, 8. lurWHdM' edortu, in wmdar 

1liA9IOE!rB.w.«. To adorn. Donffkn.— L. B. Inoni- 
om. Tec^Unn. 

pi. *'Bavld Deans believed this, and 

ghoatly ^pcoonten and victories, on the 

m ^aimi, or amdllailes ef the banished 

Ssmrt jrid-£s<M«i.-0. fr. 


ANSBNTE; ff. A rign ; also a eompany of soldieit. Y. 

AN 8TEBC0IP, ff. Meaning doubttal. Y. Roios. 

AN8WIB (Axsua), of, o. a. To pay, on a claim being 
made, or in oorrespondenoe with one's demands. 
Aberd Reg. 

ANTBPEND, AimPSVD, •. A veil or screen for cover- 
ing the front of an altar in some Popiiih churches, 
which is hung np on festival days. L.B. Antipend- 
ium^ id. 

To ANTSB, 9. n. 1. To adventure, 8. B. Bon. 2. To 
chance ; to happen, 8. B. Joum. Land. 8. In the 
form of a participle, or adjective, as signifying ocoa< 
sional, single, mra. An trntrin one, one of a kind 
met with singly and oocairionally, or seldom, 8. Fet' 
fumm. To be viewed as the same with Amma, q. v. 
Perhaps rather allied to Isl. 8a. Q. andro, vagari, 
whence Dan. vandret Ital. ofuiare, id. 

ANTEBCAST, ff. A misfortune ; a mischance, 8. B. 
Bo$$. AnUTt or oimfer, adventure, and oeuf, a 
chance, q. something accidental, a throw at random. 

ANTBR0U8, a^i. Adventurous. €fawan and CM. 

ANTETBWIiB, ff. ** Antetune, antiphone, response'* 
L. llaile$. Bannat^He P. 

ANTIOAIL, ff. An antique ; a remnant of antiquity. 
Sir A. Bai/our*8 Xetters.— Ital. anticaglia, "all 
manner of antiquitiei, or old monuments.'' AUieri. 

ANTTCBSSOB, Amcassowa, Aotkckstm, b. An 
ancestor ; a predecesttor ; Lat ant€ee$»or. Wallace. • 

ANTICK, ff. A foolish, ridiculous flrolic, 8. In B. 
the person who acts as a bulToon. 

ANTBIK, adj. Occasional ; single ; rare. Pertiaps 
from Id. 8a. G. andra^ THgAri, to stray, to wander. 

ANUNDEB, prtp. Under. Y. AvoKOxa. 

APATN, part pa. Provided ; furnished, ^arftowr.— 
Fr. o^ipan-^, having received a portion, appanr^ to 
give a portion ; L. B. opan-ore, id. from pain ; Lat. 
pan-ie^ as originally denoting the supply of bread 
and other necessaries of life. 

APATN, oAn. 1. Beluctantly ; unwillingly ; sometimes 
written distinctly, apayn. Barbour. 2. Hardly; 
scarcely. Wallace. 8. It seems improperly used for 
in COM. WaUaee. A. Under pain ; at the risk of. In 
editions, onpayn. Wallace.— Vt. dpet'ne, ** scarcely ; 
hardly ; not without much ado " Cotgr. 

APARASTEVB, ac^j. Applicable; congruous to.~ 
Allied, pertiaps, to 0. Fr. apparoittre^ to appear ; 
apareinani, apparent. 

APARTE, ff. One part. Ad. Audit. 

To AFEN, V. a. To open. To ken a' thing that apem 
and iteeki, to be acquainted with everything, S. 

To APERDONB, «. a. To pardon. Y. APABDOirs. 

A PER SB, " An extraordinary or incomparable person ; 
like the letter A by itMelf, which has the first place in 
the alphabet of almost all languages ,*" Bttdd. 
Chaucer, id. Douglat. 

APEBSMAR, APBasMAXT, Apibsmart, adj. Crabbed ; 
ill-humoured. Sndl, caltdiie, S. synon. Douglat. — 
A. 8 (nfoT, <nfrej bitter, sharp ; lal. api«r, asper, (as 
apurkjflde, acre frigus) ; and A. 8. smeorte, Su. O. 
ffmorto, pain. Haldorson remarics, that the Id. term 
is also applied to one of au^ere manners. 

APERT, oef;. Brisk; bold; free. .Borftour.— Fr. 
oppoft, expert, prompt ; Lat. apparat^us, prepared. 

APERT, Appxar. a<^'. Open ; avowed ; manife.<<t. 
Pinkerlcn't Hitt. «8col.— Lat. appert-ua, open ; Fr. 
impers. v. II appert, it is apparent; it is mani- 

APERT. In apertt adv. Evidently ; openly. Barbour. 




Bitf . BeOmdeH 

AmdiL Abtrd. JU9 
APPUT.f. Support; 


vith iperiflcatkm <rf 

Yalaed ; piiaed. BeUtrndm. 
jMk Pnudmate ; to the tI 

A APPnil&JL^ I 

«. •. To appropriate. A 
. — Pr. ajiproprier, id. 
a bottrett ; a reat KeitkltHi 

8. A C(mTentios&, or ain^eemei 
cextain feeniu. Actt Jo. F. 
•. To Atain ; to procure. JP 

To APUNCT, Appvaor, «. ». To settle, itet 2>oot. Gm 

AB, A&B. aciv. Formerly ; also» earlj. T . AiK. 

re AB, Ams, BkE, «. «. To ploQKh ; to till, S. ; to ei 
B. Dom0lai.^iiot». Q. ar-ian, Sa. O. aer-ia, I 
er-i^ A. & cr-ia». Alem, err-CHt Genu, er-en, ( 
ap-iOf, Imjl ar-<tn. Hue vieirs Heb. pM or^ 
earth, as ttie foantain. 

ABAGB, Abbjmb, Aktiab, Auakasb, Atx&aob, 
Serritade doe by tenants, in men and horses, 
dietr laadloids. This custom is not entirely a| 
liAed in aoaae parts of Scotland. ** ilreve and ei 
riage** is a phrase still commonly need in least 
Sk«me.—i*. B. ofKratynumy from aver-iot a beast 1 
wofk ; and this perhaps frcmi Xr. ottere, worlc. 

ABATNB, pmrL jml Arnyed. IkmglM.—a, 1 
mrrmjfit id. 

To ABAS, AaB4CT», «.•.!. To snatch or plnck away 
focoe. Wjfnlown. 2. To ndse up. DomgUu. 11 
sense is so different from the former, that it m4| 
rather seem to be pat for arraiatt q. to raise op. 
Pr. «rradk-«r, to tear ; to poll by riolenoe ; to pi 
op by the roots, firom Lat. erad*e-are. 

ABBT, 9, The aea-gilliflover, crsea-idnk. Oit 

ABBT-BOOT, s. The root of the sea-pink, or Stall 
armeria. Oikn. NtUF^Timt, 

ABBBOATH PIPPIN, t. The name of an apple, 
y. Oblix Pnrai. 

ABCH, ABfOH, AiBOB, Xboh, (ouU.) adj. 1. Aven 

; often inrlwllng the idea of timidity as 1 

of lelactanoe, 8. DomgUu. 2. Apprehensti 

tiled wiOi anxiety, 8. CSiaaoer, erke, weaiy, im 

lent. PoftiU. Ball. — ^A. 8. eory, deskilosas, ine 

riethAd, slqnish; earft, fqgax, ** timorous, a 

ready l» rvi away for fear." Somn. lal. onM 

arg^t piger, deses ; So. O. arp, igi 

Among the Ctoths arfmr^ L. B. aryo, denotei 

Tb ABCH, Aboh, «. ». To hesitate ; to be lelacta) 

T. &«■,«. 
ABCHDB, s. ^bbcer. of Ankibald, 8. 

«. Archdeacon. Actt Jo. VJ.—Ia 

APPLT. 4L P«rhs : 

AMr. WKX T. Pit, 
APPUJlHJLa^jL Ptisailn 
APrv^XIT. Scnic ler gpfinil; 

T* ArV»KT. V. a. IW 


rv APPBSl-IL Affraura. «. a. 



ABCHILAOH, AacmijoaB, Abchilowb, t. Thereto 
who has been treated in an inn or taTti 
le^ons hims^ bound in honour to ma 
ipaay. When he calls f6r his bottle, he 
ta glre them his ardkUagk. Loth. South of 
Bef . Y. Lawix, Lacch. 

BaaB—, «. 1. Beloetanoe ; badcwai 
aesa. Wo^rom. 2. ObUqoely used for niggardlinai 
q. rdadaaoe to part with anything. Ltgatd Bp. i 

ABoamumiftia, «. 1. A dlgnliy 
doziag the tfana of Fopaiy, a^ 
iaaUthaa — ' 

iamakta the 
& Fsedas 





AU. fL An heir. AcL Dom. Ome, Y, Am. 

7« ABJEIK, AuuciK, V. a. To mch ; to extend. 

Ik um i a t . — A. 8. anee-aUj aoeqni, toge^ to attain. 
iUUkadk. BttfCk. Tb n'li iireir, to decline ; qrnon. 

viiL to BJseanry. Lyndaaf. — ^f r. orriene, baokward ; 

AUIED, adj. CoafnMd ; diaoidtrcd ; backward. Y. 

U iUlSTf ABBSiBT, «. a. To Hop ; to staj. Zhugloit 

-fr. areH-cr, id. 
ABIIST, a. Delay. Bui^amiM ; witbooft delaj. 

its MOABOW, ode Jkiij in tbeinomlnf. Y. Au, 

7* AUND, «. ■. To rear ; applied to a bone wben be 
ftiov* back hlx forepart, and »tand» on his hind legs. 
TSf — O. Jr. arriaUf backward. 
AU5T, a. CoDtraction for Animal mU, Aett 

iin. *. A n heir; Aann, heira. Act. AudU. 
ARDODXD, ^rtt. Peifaaps, called in qnestion ; Tr. 
iBterroger, que»tlooerf demand er; rolio- 
; Gl. B<H|vrfort. Art$tm ii oied by R. Bmnne 
I htheieaieofpenaade, orreawn with. SirTritirem. 
AUTTTT. port. pa. Accoiedf brought Into Jodgment 
I Mtrbemi. — L. B. veel-are, ret-art, arettrore, ao- 
I CMue, in Job Tocare, Da Cange. 
AKZ^rr CONTENT. Ready money. Tr. argaU 

MpcanASd. BtUmdm. 
A IBGB, «. n. To hetltate. Y. Aaca and Eboh, «. 
, AlfilEf «. Asaertion in a dii^ate, the vpeclflc plea 
9 in di«piitatiOD, 8. B.— ^n. O. ierga, 
obgannire. Id. iorp-r, keen conten- 

U AIOIS-BABGIB, r. ». To contend. 

AalGLB-RABGLB, AvBALa-BAmoui, «. ». To con- 
laid, to bandj backwards and forwards, 8. ArgU- 
Vm tii m. Loth. KaooU-bargin^ vfoxm. JSaauoy.— lid. 
an*. cBiaged, jmtg-Ot to contend. 

IBGOL-BAHGOLOUd, O0(;. QnarreUome ; contentions 
abeat trillei. Gait€$ Prvvott. 

7e ABGONK, AaAowaa, Aiowa, Aaoaw, v. a. 1. To 
STfae. to contend by argunent. Baima^yne Poom. 
1 To censore, to reprehend, to chide with. WaUace 
—Vr. argmrr, Lat. aryu-ere. 

AIGOfiEEN. f. The lamprey, according to -old people. 
Ayn ; q. having the ee« or eyes of Artpu. 

AlGrESTN, f. The livatenant of a galley ; he who 
ba« the goremment and keeping of the tbyes com- 
Ksatxi to him. £'«oa.— Fr. arocuHn^ aatelles remi- 
fftaa irgenrtis et castodi endia piaepositns, Diet 

, a. The sobject of a Tet^on ; a piece oi 

I Ea^di dictated to boys at school for translation into 

lauB. Aberd. 
j ft ABOrM ENT, «. c. To prore ; to show. CVo«- 
I rnviMl. — lat. orvwaimX-aK, to reason. 
; AMJ, pni. of Ar. Tilled ; eaied. Y. Aa, Aai, e. 

MasL-Aax, t. A large chest ; especially one 

Vied far boUing com or meal, 8. Bannatfne Poewu. 

A. fi. «r«c erce, a chest, a coffer ; Alem. orva ; Su. G. 

area ; Gael. arc. Hence, 

a. That kind of a box wbidi is placed in 

Ac, for catching and retaining eeZs ; 

a tnm cobsbob 1b old deeds. 

^•JTiU. Tk« place In whkh the centre-wheel 

«. ^nin«»caneftoraayklnd,8. 

t. To glre a piece of money for confirming a baigaln. 
8. S. To put a piece of money into the hand of a 
seller, at entering upon a baigain, as a secnrity that 
he diall not sell to another while he retains this 

I money, 8. ^SObene. — L. B. arrkarej arrhis sponsam 
dare, Tr. orrA-er, arr-er, to give an earnest. 
ARLEB, EaLis, Aaiis Pbkkix, AiaLB-PsKxr, $. 1. An 
earnest of whaterer kind, a pledge of full ito-tsession, 
8. A. Bor. WjfHtoum, 2. A piece of money given 
for confliming a bargain, 8. A. Bor. AeU Ja. IK 
3. A piece of money put into the hands of a seller 
when one begins to cheapen any commodity ; as a 
pledge that the seller shall not strike a bargain, or 
even enter into terms with another while he retains 
the arlet, 8. In Scotland a servant who has been 
hired, and who has received arlea, is suppoMd to have 
a right to break the engagement, if the earne«»t has 
been returned within twenty-four hours. This, how- 
ever, may have no other sanction than that of custom. 
— ^lat. arrAoAo, orrAa, Gael, ^orlio, id. 
ARLT, adv. Early. Barbour, A. S. aWiee, matutlni. 
ABLICH, AauTOH, a4j. Bore ; fretted ; painful, 8. B. 
Y. Aaa. — Sn. G. org, iratus, arg-a, laedere, Dan. 
orriQt troublesome ; as we say, ** an angry sore ;" or 
from So. G. cmtt, cicatrix, whence aarrig, vulneratus. 
ARliYN, AaiiTiro, ». Armour ; arms. Wyntown. 
ARMING, i. Ermine. L. B. annin-ea, id. Coll. 

JwtaUoriat A. 1501, p. 128. 
ARMLESS, adj. Unarmed ; without warlike wea- 
pons. 8paldinit$ TnmblfM. 
ARMONT, t. Harmony. Douglas. 
ARMOSIE, a4j. Of or belonging to Ormus. Jnien* 

torie*. Y. OaMAisi. 
ARN, t. The alder, a tree, 8. Pronounced in some 
counties, q. arin. — 0. B. ucmf Aon. rera, guem^ 
Gael. /earn, alnus. 
ARN, V. tubtt. Are, the third pers. plural ; Ghaucer, 

am. Sir Cfawan. — A. 8. aron, sunt. 
ARNOT. f. Ley [lea] Amot, A stone lying in the 

field, Aberd. ; q. eartA-ibio^. 
ARNOT, $. The tihrimp, a flhh, Aberd. 
ARNS, f . ft. The beards of oom, 8. B. synon. aiofu. 

Franc, am^ spica. 
ARNUT, LoriiT Aaacyr, t . Tall oat-grass or pignut ; 
Bunium bulbocastanum, or flrxuoaiun, Linn. 8. 
Jicmaf, A. Bor. Light/oot.—iiitrr. from tarth-nut^ 
Teut. aerdnoot, id. 
AROYXT thee. O. E. Shakipere. Y. Rnrr, v. 
ARON, 9. The plant Wakerobin, or CuckooVpint. 
Arun. maculatum, Liun., Teviotd ; Bw. aroiw-otrt, id. 
AR0RY8, i. pi. Errors. ^Iberd. Jifg. 
AROUME, adv. At a distance, so as to make way. 

A. 8. nunc, late, or rather rvia, Iocuji ; on rum, 
ARR, i. A scar, 8. A. Bor. J*ock-arr$, the maiics 
left by the smali-pox, 8. Lancaah.— Su. G. aerr, Isl. 
aer, cicatrix, a scar. 
To ARRACS. Y. Ansa. 
ARRAYED, part, adj, A term applied to a mare when 

in season, Fife. 
ARRAN-AKB, $. The speckled diver, Mergus stollatus, 
Biunnich. P. Lu$$j Ihimbarton*. Statitt. Aoc, xvii. 
ARRANGE, t. Arrangement Actt Mary. 
ARRAS, Aaaass, «. Tlic angular or sharp edge of a 

stone, log, or t>«am. Loth. 
ARRED, part. adj. Bcarred ; having the marks cf a 
wound or sore. Hence, Pock-arred, marked by the 
small-pox, 8. — Dan. orredi cicatrised ; Isl. oerrOf 
cicatrices fheere. 


K ■. toiL~Mt amt^-m. 1 

UaK-tUU.). AaM«(« 

ASn. 4aan. ■«• 

AS. wM. Tbui. 8^ sfii. ■Iili Mr ; M It Xdty. 
A3, Aaa, *■■■. Aua. t. A>«a ; plui. osb; 4- a* M 

ai« ; A. Hot, ob, CmalMl. n«, U, fftwtt.. 

Mhs. O. oqd, AluB. ura, Osrm. ui) »dt. oBl 

SoOKi^. 3. In iKtUB ; w (AHUV AruJ*.rt.- 

A88I.J. r)»uitI«cgDttlii-l ticmetaUiikiaau 

Mc of • plgi«li, OitDif 

Bid a, 


Ajn. » AwBrw, 

Asu-Kjnrs, Auiw-KiT. I. n 

AaUiH, 1. Ou •idc 7dt ui.*iK vnrj 
AEtDK. ;ny. B<«r i ■! Ui. iU> of uiUi 

AEIL. AHL-1o<RV, <- n^D DBBIt l^tEb tC 1 

4 dotAtf ikaltfrB ^ Uu (vrtli u IW ecu* 
M>, Hub 
AETMS. (. jl. Aho. £fll«d«.— ri. 

ASKiAnx.!. Anttt; anm: ■ tlod 
■Iter. A. tm. ICfnfom.-Ut.Bi. dd 
»>«Bt hMh .- X. a aUw ,- IMf. « 

Aba«. [MA. Sfn- f>J. 
ASKLKXT, AiAHT. A«tDrr, (rfr, OMIqwl 

l<, 8. A^aM. B. Ami. 

AUtfT, ate A«)iutil . oUltwIf, XlclcBlbnfhI. 

teiU |Hfi^v^ l*Ql Fjubi fiat w Uothvt tfU t*dl JH 

ASAlT.afc. lBSBad.(.1ra<iL ITanuUm ^C^ 
Tk ASTAIU, •. «. tsvpln ^tcr« Kw. 
Asset. ■ n« Kiyai alkd Um i*i>, •« a^ 




tBTVE, M. Tiom tb« eonneetloa, appftrmtiy mmn% 
t§ 4raoCt » bottl. Barbemr. — Sired, ctpfn^ a kmf 
hau, Tcvt. h api mglu, tyiwcir, cjmba, a imall boat. 

Dicfioted. iltenL Beg. 
Y. Aanonr. IFcdloe*. 
Ferhiqis q. "nharp •pear;f like 
by Blimd Harm. WaUaee.-^ 
ft. m^er, dvr, nide, beton noneoz. Gl. Boqnefort. 
ftifl^e.A. To 

in,!. Ashes. ▼ 

AftATia, M. Aamatt ; etmrtntkm. Wfntvwn. 
ft laSILTlS, V. «. To Attack ; to asMU. Wallace, 
h.ammill ir; L. B. odiof-tre, amal^re, inradere, 

iftilrTKCTH, 9. pi. The friaden. Y. Abil. 
iflAflBlNAT, «. Ad aiaaaain ; an improper aie of the 
fk vocd denoting the act of morder. Laiefe 

itBU^AT, preL Oare in leue. Aherd. Be§. 

AftBDATION, M. 1. A lease ; a terai sUU commonlj 
■ii la oar l^al deed*, 8. Balftmr. 3. The act of 
kctfas in leaee.— Lw B. ocMdcUto. CAa/Mcrlaa. Air. 

U AttBGE. V. «. To besiege. WyiUown.^Jtr. 
ij. B. muidiare, obaidera; from Lat od, 

ASIGE.S. nef«. 
U AMrimrB, r. it. To Join in battle. TTynlrwii.— 
fr. —iiftf yr, ftom So. O. faMl-«, Germ. M»/-eit, 
lb%. sairf M» coofregare ; from So. G. and Genn. 
imt. a prcftz denotiof aasociation And conjunction. 
AflEIMBLl^ 9. Xasafement ; battle. Wyniuwn. 

«. The word of war. Corr. from 

I IB, q. T. Bar6oKr. 

AiraOLE. ff. 1. The place for reeelving the ashes 

the grate. 2. A roond excavation In the 

. of doora, into which the axhes are carried 

imtk the hearth. Meams. 8. I^ncash, etsfcoic, oeKole, 

M. roR Bob6iit. T. As. 

ASn, adj. Abound] Off with ashes, Loth. Y. As, Am. 

s. A dirty little creature ; syn. with 

., q. one that is cwistantly soiled with 

like a pet that lies aboot the flre»ide. 



T. AsBTFBT, and AsaiBPATTLt. 
7»ASI6, p. «. Probably an error for itsrion. If not 
O. Tr. maeegier, fldre asMoir, poser, 

lAh, M. The stormy petrel, a bird ; Procellaria 
Linn. Martin. Periiaps fkom Gael, eojeol, 
h. eukml. a Morm. 
AftlLTRIE. M. An axle treo. JkmoUu.—Wr. assent, 

ernHe. axia. 
A AflSING. V. «. To asslpti. Aberd. Beg. 
rsAa^TTU, AsfcTiTB, Stitb, Bithb, «. a. To make a 
eanprasalkMi to another ; to satisfy, 0. E. aueetk, 
id. Ael Ja. / — Lat. ad, and A. 8. t^/A«, rice. 
Bather from 8a. G. and Id. eaett-Ot coo- 
Bconciliare. Ir. and Gael, aiothawif to 
■ale atonement. 
larrTB. Ajfrranxar, Sttb, Sithiiibst, «. Compen- 
satisfaction ; atmiemeot for an offence, 
is atUl nsed aa a fonmsic term, 8. 0. E. 
WUif. WynlotPit. ThU word U still in use 
i of law, as denoting satisfaction for an 
to any pai^. 8a. G. saetf, reoonciliaUon, 
* Aataej^ In order to procore it. 
% AWmm^ «. •. 1. To aeqait ; to free tnm a 

much used in 

oar coorta, 8. Beg. Maj. 2. To absolye tttxm an ee- 
cle4astical oensare ; as from excommouication, 
BeUenden. O. E. ossotf, aaoUfn, and <iftml, de- 
note the abeolaUon by a priest. P. Ploughman. 
8. To pronounce absidution fhnn dn, in consequence 
of confession. Abp. HamUtoun. 4. To absolTe from 
goUt one departed, by mying masses for the soul ; 
according to the fkith of the Romish Church. Bar- 
btmr. 6. Used improperly, in relation to the responw 
of an Oracle ; apparently in the sende of reaolving 
what is doubtful. DougUu. 0. AIm used Improperly, 
aa signifying to unriddle. Z. Boyd.— O. Fr. aseoiU, 
abeoiUe^ dechaxg^, absous, despens^. Gl. Roquefort. 
Corr. from Lat. oAsolv-ere. 
To A8S0NTIE, Ssaoinria, r. a. 1. To offer aa excuse 
for absence from a court of law. Stat. K. Will. 2. 
Actually to excuse ; the excuse offered being sus- 
tained. i^;tum. Attack. 8. To decline the combat ; 
to shrink from an adreisaiy. Wallace.— O. E. 
OJoyiied, excused. R. Glouc Eaaoine, a l^rai ex- 
cuse. Chaucer. Y. Eaaovria, «.— Fr. eeso^ner, 
exon-iett to excuse from appearing In court, or going 
to the wars. 8u. G. mm-a^ Germ, tun-en^ to reconcile, 
to explain ; Ifoes. G. mnj-an, to Ja^tify. 
A8S0PAT, part. pa. At an end ; put to rest ; laid 
aside. Acti Cka. /.— Fr. aseopir, to layatileop, to 
quiet Cotgr. 
ASSURANCE, s. 1. To take asntranoe of an enemy ; 
to submit ; to do homage, under Uie condition of pro- 
tection. Chmplaynt 8. 2. This wonl, of old, was thv 
mme with Zawftorroira now. Spottitwoodt. - Fr. 
donner aetwementt fidem dare; L. B. OMeecwr-art^ 
from Lat. ad and seciir-iis. 
AST, prtt. V. Abked. Poenu \tth Cmtury. 
To AOTABIL, «. a. To calm ; to comjiOM^ ; to aMoage 

DougUu.— 0. Fr. e$lablir, to eittablisli ; to settle. 
ASTALIT, part. pa. Decked, or set out. Oavfon and 

Ool.— Fr. estaH-er, to displuy ; to hhow. 

To ASTART, Abtbrt, v. n. 1. To start ; to fly hastily. 

2. To start aside from ; to aroid. Kino"* Quair.— 

Teut. ^eert-eit, to fly ; Gi'rm. tiare-en, to start up. 

A8TEER, adv. 1. In confusion ; in a bu.stling siate. 

8. q. on stir. Bitton. 2. Um!<1 as cquivaltint to 

abroad, out of doors ; as, " Yu're air attter tlie day." 

Ton are early abroad to-day, 8. 

To ASTEIR, V. a. To rouse ; to excite ; to stir. 

Poems Sixteenth Cent.— A. S. a$tyr-ian, cxcitarr. 
A8TENT, t. Valuation. Act. Audit. Here we see 
the first stage ftrom Extent to SUnt. Y. Ptk.vt. jr. 1. 
ASTERN E, adj. Amitere ; serere ; haviug a harsh 

look, Roxb. Doug. Virg. 
ASTIT, Aktbt, Aktio, adv. 1. Rather ; as, astit better, 
rather better ; cutit totu, rather was ; " I would eutit 
rin the kintry," I would rather banlnh mjself, La- 
narks. Ayrs. Dumfr. 2. Aitidj as well as, Roxb. 
A8TRE, f. A sUr, Fr. Chron. S. Poet. 
ASTREES, f. The beam of a ploufrh, Orkn. Perhaps 

from I si Of, and tri, lignum. Y. Askbx. 
* To ASTRICT, V. a. To bind legally ; a law term. 

Acts Ja. VI. 
ASTRIKKIT, Bound ; engaged. Bellenden. 

— Lat. aitrict'US, id. 
A8WAIP, adv. Aslant, Ettr. For. Of the same kin- 
dred with A. 8. tioop-an, sioeop-an, rerrere ; Su. U. 
nsep-o, vagari. 
A-8WIM, adv. Afloat. Spalding. 
AT, C0fV> That ; 0. E. id. Gower. Barhour. Dun. 
and Swed. at, quod ; Su. G. att, a conjunction cor- 
responding to list ut. 

ATBU.cni(f. BUtR. a. Bna, T. Ama. 
ATIIML >. An (ddu. Clrl«- 
ATIint-Atl.L (. Tlwdnc«i-Br. ClydH. 
ATnu.orMTTD-(ur, (. Tt>« dnrn-n^ niK 
A' Till: ttl.K. * in.T ■ - . -- 

ATTEL>D.p«rr. pa. AlmM. S» O aitam mi 
AmMrTAT, 1. A wkkcd or InJnnon «M>pr 




A An. am «l^ M yw rf ^e oC ptfa. S. As 
CBttaf the lMe» of «a •JBxnbtioaor BflfRtioa; 
M «pc, O jm ; Au ««, O no, AbenL In eeontlM 
da tke M«ih, O or on it uMd InstoMl of on. 
■rf*. 1. or all; «t doQoting arrmncomeiit or 
,lDcooDoe(ioiivitai>lnCcriai(, A S.Atall,a 

Oocr. fkoB «^or ^, and all. 
» Atai^ j: 1. Worth ; TAlne. Aeli Jo. VI. 
mam ; jfnuynlj. StoBortt Ahridgm. 8. Aett. 
I4 «. iUiMMnnf ; honiliatton. Dmmbar.—Wr. 
tr, mwmU rr. lo Uh down ; anal, en deaooMUn^ 
a, on bnn ; mi v«M-em. CH. Boquefbrt. 
LDUR, «. Ynloe. Ir. tnlenr. Y. Taloub. 
f. The MBO with Atil, Dnmfr. 
ILK, «. m. To deoecnd. Y. Ataill. DoMolat. 
ALA, «. n. To watch, ifieol Bnnie.— A. 8. 
ar-«n, TlCllere. 
ICK, «. AvaA ^dd JfonF* 
kSCEt «i n. Tto MlTaact. A«<A App.—WT. 
(vir. id. 

:sSfSXT« f. AdTBncement Vr. AeU Jo. VI. 
^, pmrt. pr. Owing ; 9 beioc nsed for w, and 
icrsn. AA Dtm. Omc 

r, AwAMt, «. Boait; vannt; €%tnuer, id. 


TAOA a. Y. Srurrifls. 
rCUEEUR, «. One of the ftrenmneri of an 
, the tame, perhaps, that are now called pioqaet- 
la. gederrtj/t.— yr. awnfeonrcMr, fimn oeonl, 
e» and eomriTt to ran. 

iX> AcsAV, f. A spedea of pear of an ezoelleDt 
which keepe weU; of Bcottiah origin. 

DniOBAfl,^. AfausethorB-treeattheendofa 


LKT, from amdU eight, and lot part, as >lr- 

d; foiirth)4cf ia the fourth part of abolL At 

wcki to the alone, the^liidUd ia merely the half 

« Xrlof, or the anofcl lof or portion of a bolL 


UT, a: Two Blonea weight, or a peck meaame, 

rhalf of the Kirkcndhrlght bushel, Galloway. Diet. 

f, Awcmr (gmtt.) preL of Aw. 1. Poaaeaaed. 

; Id. A Bronne. ITyntown. 2. Owed ; waa 

lied, id. A Bnmne. TTyniown. 

r (0mtLX 9- <»P. Onght ; ahoakl. DotioUu. 

£em oocitra in the aaae aenae. Douglat.—A. S. 

A, the third pera. plor. pret. of A. 8. <v-ais poa- 


r, c. PoaaeaaioQ ; pio p eity ; what Isezclaatrely 

own. In a» my ondU, in all my posaesalon ; 
Bd at its utmost extent, 8. BamnatyHe Poemt. 

8. oAt, Mocs. O. aiginy aikn, pecoliarls ae 
ie poeeeaSo. Y. Bbt Accbt. 
wn. 8. A bod property ; i^yplied to an ebati- 

i]l<BDdilioaed chad, 8. 

AccHT, «. A phmas applied to one con* 
tvnaly, 8. A AO0. 

CHT, «. a. 1. To own ; to be the owner of, 
d. A Tp owe ; to bo indebted to ; oaed in a 
d amrrr This rerb ia eridenUy osed in two dif- 
AioLaes. Y. Aioh and Aiobt. 
T« part. pa. Owed. 

T, (wmtL) adg. H^t, 8. ; onlUs, O. A id. A 
me. irjnifowii.~lioea. Q. oMoii, A. 8. edht-a, 
a. dU, Belf. adU, laL and 8a. Q. att^ QaeL 

•4^ Thedghth. Ial.aalMMle, 


AUCRTIOIN, Auomnv, t. The dght port of a 
barrel, or a half llikin,Aberd. Trom mmAI, eight, 
and km or kin, the Teat termination osed in the 
names of Tessels. 

AUCTABY, t, Inerease ; aqgmentatloB. OnmfitrtFt 
Uni9. BAhk. — J^L tmdari^mi^ advantage ; OTerplas. 

AUOTENTT, Qd^. Authentic. AcU Ja. V. 

AUDU, «. A cardess or staptd fellow. <7I. Aire. 
Nairn, TnOtaiAj allied to lal. oad, 8a. Q. od, oed, 
Teat, ood^ Ihdlis, inanis ; q. a man of an easy diqio* 
dtion, who may be tamed any way. 

2b AYBY, V. n. Pertiaps to see to ; to attend to ; to 
adrocate. Act. Dom. Oonc. 

AYBNAND, a^j- Elegant in person and manners. 
Gaiaan and fi>ol.— fr. odesiiaiit, avmantf handsome ; 
also, courteoaa. 

AYENTURA «• 1- Chanoe ; aoddent 2. Miadiance. 
Y. Anm. Inavmtar*, adv. Leat; perchance. 
Bdlenden. — Fr. d ravaUnre, <f aveatere, per- 

AYEE, ATia, Aim, f. 1. A horae oaed for labour ; 
a cart-horae, 8. BMendm. 2. An old horse ; one 
that is worn out with labour, 8. Dmnbar. This, 
althoqgh now the common aigniflcation, ia eridently 
improper, from the epithet oacld bdng fireqoently 
conjoined. 3. A gdded goat, 8. Stat Aee. Y. 
Haaaua.— L. A aferi, t^fri^ Jumenta Td caTalli 
oolonld ; aMrio, oeerM, eqni, boToa, Jumenta. Du 
Canoe, Y. AaAos. 

AYEEENE. Meaning doubtftd. Expl. Perhaps money 
payable fnr the entry of oats ; from aver, oats. 

AYEBIE, f. LiTo stock, as including horses, cattle, 
Ac Y. Aran, etymon, sense 2d. 

AYEBTL, t. Apparently a diminutiTe Arom over, a 
beast for labour. Dunbar. 

AYERILE, ATTaTLi, t. April. Wfntawn. 

AYEBIN. ATiaav, Airaaia, 9. Gloudberry or knout- 
berry, 8. Bubns chamaemorua, Linn. ; eaten as a 
dessert in the north of 8. Boa. Pertiaps from Germ, 
owr, wild, and en, a term now applied in So. G. 
to the beny of the juniper ; Gael. oicA'rac, otroX;. 

AYBRTIT, port pa. Orertumed. BeUenden.^Wt. 
evert-ir, Lat evert-tre, to OTerthrow. 

ATTFALD aiUj. Honest Y. Apald. 

AUGHIMUTT, AucHizf ott, adj. Mean ; paltry ; as, 
an auAimui^f body, Loth. Perhaps from woe, waae, 
waee, weak, and mod, mind, t. e, weak-minded. 

AUGHT, t. O/oMOht, Ot consequence ; of importanoe, 
Ayrs. €hUe$ Ann. of the ParitK. 

AUGHT, part. pa. Owed. Act. Dom. Cone 

AUGHTAND, port pr. Owing. AcU Cha. I. 

AYIL, f. The second crop after lea or grass, Galloway. 


AYILLOUS, adj. ContempUble ; debased. Ckron. 

Scot, P. — Fr. aoUi, is, in contemptionem adductus. 

AUI8E, s. Advice ; counsel. .doCf, Chancer; avys, 

B. Brunne ; Fr. ovif. Douolat. 
AYT8B, AwisB, $, Manner ; fashion. Douolat. — 

A. B, wiso, wifs, Alem. uuii, uuita, Belg. wijse, 

modes, manner ; with the common A. 8. prefix a. 
2b AYI8B, 9. n. To deliberate ; to adrise. Keith's 

Hiet. — Fr. avif-er, to consider, to adrise of. 
AUISION, s. Yision; Ohaucer, id. Douola».^tT. 

aviaion, ^sion, fsntaisie. Ql. Boqu^fort. 
AUISMENT, t. AdTice ; oounseL Porl. Ja. /.— Fr. 

oviiesieat, id. 
AUKWABT, AWKWABT, pr^. Athwart ; across. 




ACl.tX •■ Af*. ■*!*- Oaf 

*DUI-r*TnBK. L A gn.udhlli.jr; k ib» owl b; 


/ir«, III. JbriM, i»ril» : IWIf. lunaarai. aUirul. 
AITLU-IIBAIIIT. a^^t. Bfannl i ncKlgiu, ayilo. 

AdJ) LANSSTXK. A T«7 ei|iruilTC phius. rctir 

A •apvalUoB, Dumlil. 


ADU) run. r- "naka Ibc ofli tnr ■ 
■rn* >• ■ populM m4 npriKlia phnue tor ' 
»U1 twain s'tlDek uoiiwCH (ha nnt th 
pMtd* an n*4lf M Ituli D«J(Uniut' bmuoi 
fltOI (lid Aiilfaml ati« •werif •■Ulof Is bajinl- 
>W< M II <■ MtlHl, BUl ta R«i>la Uu tuUx Rt - 
iMd. Uacfc can U Ukca. Uial Ibr pemiBtao tni 
bt *lui an slM *w<>>U ; Eai ga ihe adnl» 
tt Ih* fliif IggI il«twul> Uik pnap>tllj i» tniihli 


siintf, neiin aa basud. ilia. JVi 


AimTGitorsL «(/. A 

T>> ATOVD q/: Tg rnoon 
KwHlt'i Hil.—tt. wfJir, u 
Tto ATOKB, e, «, To 

AVuCTBglE, Asrcit-Tnii,(. Arislurr. Ol. SOk^ 
O, Tr. ai»i.JrW, lol. anlbrlo. Uk aJuMB-*— 
Ttm. »«M-n, (omlan, cuumrv. 

Ta ATOW. r. a. Ta dcnta by a iinr, Sritind 
n>AVOW. •. ■>. n>rnw. II.^K'ln. 
ACKEATX, Anun, t4j. Qoldui. J3««Ia>. 

ArEKERRIR, i, A nnp, Shed. t«, .iwJ 

t^HTRas, AnauE. Amu, adj, 1. II(t1b« t 
luMer* looli. 3. Ilailiig • rrtflilful « ibaMlra) 

AUflTlK, a.^)^. AdKi. ; b±nh MenrynH -i. I 
Uier, 'nmuj, tmn .uI. Tna Mif. a kovt, {mpcrl 
B mud. Lotil DiJlci Hd alhcn bar* rliwad Ih 

KUt. Mit., Mat UW. 

.UTENTTFS, a<|. AothMtle. OUtlliti Stm, 
ACTIIOK, .. 1. AaoMinr ; prHlMMw ; hf^MM 

8. enk. JmX. a. Ad ttdBnc-i, Abnd. ; ijm 
wlih Ui oiKiir, a n<parur or MI*t. 
itTH-l»-BOBE, ( Tb> dRabr iiCDlIT imiaaTl* 
- »a,Ii«(kiwtHiailiKM«<.i.a.ll. rnMt 
■a« as Air-llcni, q, t. 
AOX-ntT.i. A bick lnO»IOnBari)ui]«lCTT, « 

•rms.. Urdu. rsAip* fns Him, O. a< 
«t, and Id. M<; hlu 01 out 

t tb> (. ; •IcntlJlDf aw<a. -arbl Wi.m>. 
r. An*. » Oi To ova. S. ITallaH — U. ■ 
ilibHK dabulL : A. t. ae, Mi ; Bu. a.t ; Uai 


«Wt0KLT, dd*. PrataOT.einaaMrtMj. Bartemr. 

AWKIB, f. Tt dff># la axtlr, » duh ta 

AteHL Puhipi rna B. DtAr«. 
AWM, I. A]BB.B. 
TV) AWSf. r.a. Ti dnu aklDa wllh iXaa, 8. 

AWMOM. Uavnoi, i. A bcUuit 01. SM. 
AWHUUS. J. AiBtraici)w1:>»rEriaf tvUii 

pilDWdamuM. irnlote J(S.— L. U. HTiwa 

n. aaniiai. fnu Otna miilH. B. mmlcK, 4. 

ft pnpHrtpVr. Bfimil- 

AWNS. Th<b(«rtiaffl>m,B. Jiw, Fn<T. E. 
Sot aviu, (ke bafd* of NulEjr. «ii^ VaXb;— 
U«^ <). aAana. fin. S. afH, Or ^x*™- ^X^Ai 
ohiUI : AlcB wmi. Id. ; ■Iw ■ iLool ur aialk. 

AWNEII,Awui.a4J. Online lHw4>:i>i>pU«lliDEnlD,S. 

AWRY, IK(j. BaiMM. B. PKjbHfl r«-ni. 

AWSIE, ii4j, Bonltd, S. fhmu. V. Asm. 

AWONT. pdrt. a4j. AHiutomod W. Ukrd. Ibg.— 
A. & iiiHa.bin, >cciuu>ii><!<l U. 

AWOHTU. ad., "Wmthllj- nifor. K<ii«-> «wilr. 
—A. B. avyrU-'ian. flitrifluiv. 

AWOUNbRRir. f>m. pa. BurpriKd; itnick vIEta 

AWOTTT, prtl. AinifH. JOtJa-VJ. 

AWBASOOES. a>V. f«l«h><u 

AWe^a WliidMiII. TtuH 


KWSK,!. Tkenslatin. T. Ah- 

AWBOUR. AHuHiH. a4i. t. A[.|«nin(: nrM ; 
nulBf letroT. Sulk^fird. TV jt lUifiMry. t. 
Exciting lcmr;uiij|9C«(dta pouvH pnMnnlviil 
pnET, a. Xxpamtrt ol KaiH. Guy W«»irM#' 

AWBTREM. a4j. Bum ; MOin. /fnrfWM T. 

AtTTATKB, 04'' Hai«Ii9. fTyWoim 1-0. V. Aa» 

AWrit .. I. ne dine 
at w(K)d, Ac, hiiUes : U 
perhapa IDiprop«l1jr, ft 

[. a. 4aAnl, «»i« • 

Aa-TRE>, I As I 
Oku , Otnn. uA 


iMt-bali mid ITiw-fciifc. ■! 

' Old Merlattti. 
Ta BAB, ■. fi. 1. To plUT IiWknrft id 
leametj, a. i iiTDaD. wtlb B. it«^. 1, Tv d 

iuiet. tDnurljr Itaa UK daan 

loH ; to abul, ATn. TVa<ii. 

, Te tml ; f pM. a. Tn br 
tho ausa oilglu Willi A^. ■ ui 


r. L Tt,> d^in'of ^M^ 
Mulct «i Ana. ^^M 

rirflK* BlriM. : 

^j^n.x nu 

. BniDf idHpM BovKHwil.— rr.tefc 

1. Tha Hue oT dUrl- 

UtWOMaiV 1. -Tm muU. ainau |itu 

BADUI »• mttlL "Stw bu Ddtlur tetr 
to bI^* 4- « A* bB qmu freB of the a 


Vta ibU Am pUiHd. upidallT If 

BltRK-e-PAN, : A uuU Uiuxd pu I« 
sU]il-> DCM, B. 

uijuifrf AXT ^Qui, (hiii«n r>r*ntths 

uaie irbifcb hUdiUdnn iniiiUUDd 

lllUB)l-TVMB.Bi>n-THt,l. ]. Dnxntdtchruii 
ttaicliJUnBgfauEmallitr, a Hiw^U'. 1. 

KABM, t. Btm; upidltlOB, 8. B.~Su. fl. tto«, 
IV BjUSB, o, o. To punwte .- n 

BtlBED, pari. pi. CiBtaHd ; U ft liw irtiw U 

Ifa lUiaa a. o. To K* •llchUj : prupcri; to M 
tn ptaes or tloUi upUier, Uui Uic; mir Ih I 
•Inlclil In Ihc leiilng, a. 3. Ta kw ilih I 

>^<ia. ait6. Loth.— Fr. taiKr, B Ihu'i, UL 


BAtT, Bid, 1. Tht mln of wood v 
fr«ld. Lunfu arpUiuktii. 

»i<uv— 8iL a. ta^ 

rnunf Miia^ 

■pHlei or vhlUnc, AMoU. 
DAITBNJAB, I, A bittordimftUaD ; ■ tMnnaOai 
rp|i. CtTdai— O. H. texiyii, * dlr^, bmb toltav , 
- r Dtou. £a UM, li ilraa ■ Ikt 






Bther appliM to ^niodlng 
— ▲. 8. bmomm ; 8a. Q. bat^ 
wo penon* mn emplajtA 
iM who kaMdt U Mllad tiM JBiri^ 

«. Tbo boaid for Vnnodtng, 

4po<iiMod.— fr. 6qf^ A btniaid<s !*• B- 


Aam^ 1. 1. npport^ 

rbe Mack-h€oded svQ, Oikn. 

lie name fiT«n tp a kind of peat whiek It 

baktd firaoi a prapoiod pMtf^ & JK». 
— S. tafe, to knaad. 
k stike. Y. Baieix. 
SB, «. A kncodiiiff-tiomh. 
3H, «. A opedM of btaid, pcrhapa of an 
aliCf . Mwrwrtim, 

>. A hottw or Imlldinff lying bade fttm 
L A koooe ted^ the ilnot U called a 
L ▼. La». 

A foUovor ; a retainer. Y. Bacuiav. 

Tbo baok part of a boon. Abtrd. Xea. 

A baker, 8. 

be initial qrllalde of a great many namet 
1 8cotland — Ir. QaeL ftoOe, teU, a place 
a. O. III. bU, id. dooiidlim, aedee, Tilla, 
«,6«-a, todvellftoinbablt. 
L A pot in a fluBi->boiiae for the oie of 
dving barreat; not the reapers' pot 

k aort of predoos atone, aaid to be brought 
9ia in India. A preeioaa stoooi Vr. bdU; 
•—Wr. balaUf baatard ruby. 

A bateiiet) Abetd.— laL MfiK, So. G. 
large axe. 

pL Half^enee* Y. Babib. MaiOamd 

1. Bold ; intrepid, S. ITyniotoa. 2. 
of a fteiy temper, 8. Ikmu^. 8. Pnn- 
e taate, or keenly affecting the organ of 
is mnattrd, horae-radiah, 4c., 8. 4. Keen ; 
preaaiTe of the atate of the atmoephere, 8. 

5. Oertain; aaaored. Hemypme. 0. 
[Qely ; bright ; aa, ** a boid moon," quoth 
k, Ac. reOy— A. 8. bold, beaUL, 8a. O. 
B. bald^ aadaz. 
a. To embolden. IkmglaM, 
BU, ff. rooliah and noiay talk, 8. Id. 
Qltonnn balbatiea. 
,a. Female-handed orcbia; a plant; orchis 

D, a. Meaning not clear. 

Namo glren by flAera to the whalebone 

. Made of akin. Y. Paitib. DotioUu.— 
bad0. Germ. ta2a, n skin. 
1PPI5, a. A apedea of apple, aomewhat 

the goUen pippin, bat of larger aiae. 
OM in Bast Lothian. 

A apaoe on the oatalde of the ditch of a 
I, ■■f" "'*j fonoanded by atrong pali- 

BALK and BUBBAL^ a ridge imlaed reiy high by the 
ptoai^ andabarren apaoe of nearly the aameextent» 
altaraalely, 8. B. Statm.Ace. Y. Bauk, a. 

BALL^ t. Boatle ; diatmbanoe, Abexd.~IaL baml, bod, 
noxai dolor. 

BALL, i. A pared ; oaed in the aenae of B. Ma.— 
TtnLbaL Ihada. 

BALLANDIS^ a. pi, A balance for weighing. Abtrd, 

BALLANT, a. A ballad ; the mlgar prommdattoo 

throoghont Scotland.— GFiiy ManneHno. 
BALLANT-BODDIGB, a. Boddioe made of leather, 

andently wombyladieain8eotbuid,8. B. Y.Bauoi. 
BALLAT, Balum, a. Mtibjf BaUat, a apedea of pale 

mby. CM. ^ Invenioritt. 
BALLOLAT, Pbll-Clat, a. Yeiy adhedre day, 8. 0. 

Y. Psll-Glat. 
BALLT-GOG, a. A mUk-paU, BanfTa. 8yn. LeoHn. 
BALLINGAB, Balluiobm, a. A kind of ahip.— Fr. 

BaUii^ier, WaUaee. 
BALUON, a. 1. A knapaaek. S. A Unker'a box, in 

which his ptenalla are carried ; or any box that may 

be carried on one'a back, 8eikirka. Y. Ballowhib. 
BALLION, a. A aapemumeraiy reaper, who 

the reopen of any ridge that haTo fallen behind, 

BALLOCH, BuxooB, b, A nanrow paaa, 8tirlinga. 
GaeL bealaek, id. 

BALLOP, a. nie flap in the fore part of the breechea, 
8. Allied to Lanoaah. ftoUoefet, tesUcola. 

BALL0WNI8, a. Aberd, IU§, Y. Baixiov. Tt. ta^ 
ion, a fsnlel, or mall pack. 

BALOW, a. 1. A laUaby, 8. Ritaon. 2. A term need 
by a none, when lolling her child. Old Song.— Ft, 
bmi,ldU Iol9^ ** be atUl, the wolf U coming." 

To BALTBB, «. a. To dance. Oolkelbio Sow. Per* 
hapa corr. of L. B. bdUUort a dancer. 

BAM, a. A sham ; a qds, 8. Bamt a Jocnlar Impod- 
tion, the aame as hambag. Oroa^s Clou. JHct. 

BAMLIMG, adi. A bambiing chleld ; an awkwardly- 
made, clomay fellow, Boxb. 

BAMULLO, BoMULLOCH, To gar one latidk, Hng^ or 
damM Bamtdlo ; to make one change one's mirth into 
sorrow, Ang. Perths. — 0. B. bw, terror. Gael. 
mmUo, mulUukt gloomy brows, q. ** the spectre with 
the dark eye-brows.** 

* To BAN, Bajtm, v. n. 1. Often Impropeily applied In 
8. to those irrererent exclamations which many ose 
in conTersatlMi, as dlstinguidied from caning. 2. 
Used to denote that kind of imprecation in which the 
name of God is not introduced, 8. 8. Applied to that 
unhallowed mode of negation in which the devil's 
name, or some eqairalent term, ia introduced aa 
giring greater force to the language ; as, " The d — 1 
kaid ails you I that I should ban." A. DougUu, 
M*Crie» Life of Knox. 

BANGHia, «. jrf. Deeds of settlement.~ltal. banco^ a 
bank. Dunbar. 

BANCKE. To beat a bancke; apparently to beat what 
In Scotland is called a n^, or roll, in military lan- 
guage. Monro's Exped.—Svk. G. bank-a, pulsare, a 
frequentatiye from btm-a^ id. 

BANC0URI8, $. pi. Corerings for stools or benches. 
Teut. bandnoerct tapestry ; Vr. bonnier, a bench- 

BAND, a. A hinge ; as, "the banda of a door," ita 




UAUHIK' TVKV. t. A »rf taia QD • Icm cKi 
■tbfl-tliiie, UHbuk, tahi^ It illrB ULP n 
or «iie )4ii«d ifiliin Uii k4Hl^ la pntilng o 

IlUon, V. An urtful urnidon, Ahord. 
BAGRLtNS. aSt. BwiLokrii : u. lb m K 

BAUKtlAK, tUuui, I. AroUr)K«iIn«v;i 

rqu(«UjBt lo B. *nK*iMn. 8. A. fio». 
BAUK-OWBR. itdc. BvlilDd ; ■cuniiaEnibla 

lie ploogli, tu (Oppwl (he Usela or 

IIA<;Ka,(.ji(. TlieouuIbouiUotllmvbaDii 

tlACK^KT, I 

tnur<»iinc,S. Wn'tr'nii, 

unb-leuf, niwrlnir Ike pounslai 

pnuulll'liiiFnfUd Id '(, Bpaldtne: 
BACKSBT, fori pa. W«*rt»l ; IVlletiKt. Bnrhikn, 
UCItaiUB, (. 1. Th> ins, plot. uhI EUt>D Miln 

lh> haue. t. BodiUda, Ib Mann, iteDDI 

I. TliD mnn [innM aDiiusei Into * towa lij- il 

BArKAI-AIin, «. A irlak, « b^Kl qirtrti, hj^whi* 

one bk« thr AdTiDBge sf auotliiT, Bfinr MBryitili 

laeoHd ta IwTe tana HUM In ■ MrpiUi, B.—Baak 

tLUA qirtit^. U EpHnf, 
BAOKBPARB,t. Sa(««i«n nf bntrhn ^ the oleft, S. 


, i. Toll 

lUoq, H, ildrJt WLd Ip'ft'. 

BACK-SPBIEKK, niuc-SFmuK, *, A enm-mmi- 

BACKSPRXNT, I. 1. The haeli-bniu. B Imm ftoct, 
•iDil 8. tfimit. ■ (prtDH : In kIIhIod u ifas tLutlr 
l>awi-r ot Ihe «p[M. a. The tpring of 

•lirlne omvh which M1« dm 
of ■ Ehf jl, 1, Tta4 epnng u 
BACKTArK. lU(iniu.f. A 

UACK-T&KE^ (. ThejDliuIBi 

t. Th. 


GAwiau/jCiu. t. A eporti* <t mMiU 
II, B. UgUffM. 
BADDOCX.I, A|i[>&l«lllTlh<M>]-£jll.«6AdianP 
l«inriii&, Ah«d. The I17 of Ihe osl-Bib. AoM*. 

BAUDOnnS. I f>l. Low nUluT;<'il[*r>jteiM« 

Aw. CiHi. at bid HBnlr. 

ADR, /iTi(, <ir Btuc, q, t. 
BADR, BiiD, t, 1. Deltr, BrTTlag 8X hUit. vWi 

em dfli^. H-aUon. 1. l-l4« uT RuldciKia, MaH 

tDOn,!, Al»^, niHhiTMIiunlgii, Brttliti.-^il 

'nADaBn.'ia. To l>ul ; u " Vri.<»er Ih* hn, 
bw the nal, rite. 
BADUKn-ttfiBSMIL, I. A Knm lilu*. T. BMW 

BAOaiEiJ. Oci$Dlium^mnBDnclt(iLnii(. V.BiEHl 
UASLTUtO, I. A 1a<r Ksunam. Stat. pMM » 

BADNVSTIB. I. Slllrnult. DvutUu-n. t^lil^i 

HADOCB, t. A Burliw hint or k Muk n4«dr. «il 

BADRAKS. Bunum. i. A dHlvaklUn ta • a^ 1 

n>BAI'F, e. a. To hut, B. 

DAnrt.B, I. L A IMHe ; • Mag 'at K 
Sulheil. S DiHIlii AiqnBiodnMi 

from Teul, hi^r, 

DAVFUL t, A (mntoUD, Hianii. Bt» 
OAO, jmt, of >>. BulU : tnnii IV Die. H 
JaraMi Reflft. 

BAH, .. 

1. To «(n. Of »(, oa* the hw. *. t U(l 



Loth. 1 



d,-T«ii. Aal(4, pw. nU M ■ 


U», t WmllJtM WHBM. 

inBAtiOAOS. Oui-i« 

BAYNB,"«>rt«,»Wodot(iir.- BodJ. Lmelal- 

• : cbHrfoUj. Watlaa. 

Fumi IDA Omt, C. B. bardh, Oul. 
Til BAIKD, «. a. To apwUoD. V. J 

BumOB, «. 

uiiwudi, Bttr, Ji 

offHiud, bobMnii nlk. Kttr. tor. 

BAIKLVQ, <i4j. fiaii-l<«gtd. JftmL C<0. 

lir-on, (em, f Ignsn, pro- 

"Ttie Lord Oaidsn •all 
CUZIQ m ffWHf telrii.'* 
Atem. GdhL IfL Itan 
owe : A. S. kara. 1 

BAIBNIB, 1. A btat cbild. Latfi Ma 
BATBNia 01 TDB n. Ths pspU or Uu 
BATBHIB-BBD. t. "The malrti. S 

In awDoa ue tn, talftUi, lamVtIitd.' 

BAtHNLBSB, i. CUMlMti vUbomprogrDj. ».— 

S. tconleoi, Id. 
BAHtMLT, o4i. CbUdUb : hiTlng Uii icuiiien Bt 

cULd, B^ — 3tr. AonuZt^. puerfllL 
BAtRNLINESB. >. OfaUittdiaei^ 8. 
HAAN nm BIKTH. -abe bu lUltbei tsfru d 

Urtk la mlDd," 1. 1. She i> quIli (tu ot 





lie rprnt D[ chUdrcs, S. Rulkcp- 

BAIBNS-WOUAX. I. A drj nimt. S. niXnlaR. 
UAIRN-TVMB. Bu>l-Tu». 1. I, Bmod gt ihUdreu 
•UUkecblldnnaraiwiBinliM, e. Bnalalt. a. Tb 

, Aiinl. V. BuBi. 

BAtB^ •. 

elpedUlSB, 8. B,— 111. O. I 

BAISBD, fori, fo, ConAued ; ■> ■ Idm ■ 

BA1TB-FA7T, f 


BAITce^lVI'.ptrLff. Thrltlae, "Aani(aU»<ii> 

btUm," • IhTlvlntf rhild-— <Tri]t- bot^ii, Buf4T^ 
prnlaer. Itl, tdtt-o, njann i ■htiMe bmtm-^ U 

BAITTU:, aiy. tNAoUoc (lull iDrl i>r pl/ttm vha 




liXRR. t. A bench-cloth or cupet. T. Babkuxs. 
BIXUB. t. One who buj« corn add hf aaction, Ettr. 

tilHEIHa, t. fi. Apparentlj the mmt with Bur- 

cums. i|. ▼. 
IA.XK1KG-CBOP, «. The com boqght or lold by 

urtfoa. Nith«. 
BiSKIOUT, g. A hankmpt. A«n«.— Fr. banquerout, 

IbJ. tencorirfto, T«*at. 6aiuXTo{<, id. 
KiSKSET. a4j. Full of little eminences and aocllTities. 

Jffr.Surv. Abtrd, 
ll!FKCRE, a. The coreringof a seat, stool, or bench. 

Pr. taafifr, a bench-cloth. Teat, banck-werc^ tapes. 
IAIN A- BAino, s. V. Baxsock. 
BiyXA-RACK, ff. The wooden frame before wbtrh 

buuMKks are pot to be toanted, when taken from the 

cffdle, Eitr. For. From Banna and Raek^ a wooden 

BA>'NA.G, «. A white trout; a sea trout, Aigyles. 

Gael, boa, while, banag^ anjrthing white. 
UXSATK. BjjniKT, & IkmtiU Bannale. PeihaiM 

l^mm^ of Aieel, btmnH defer or dc oil-cap. Act. Dom. 

SIriirr BAsnr. The square cap worn bj the Bomisk 

CI1I7. PittOOtUt. V. BOSXBT. 

llN NET-FIRE. «. A puuiihment similar to runninit 
Uw fsuitielo|>, inflicted bj boys on thobe who break the 
nkf of their game. — Two flies are formed by the boys, 
•aadinf face to face, the intervening space bcintr 
Bcvriy soflliclent to allow the culprit to pass. Through 
th)» narrow pa^&are he is ohlif^Nl to walk slowly, with 
h:- face bent down to his knees, while the boys beat 
ka on the hack with their bonnets, Fife. 

BA.VXET-FLUKE. «. The turbot ; so called from re- 
•rmblinf a bonnet, Fife. T. Basxock-Flukx. 

IA5N UTER, «. Onp of the rai1» of a sUir ; wmetlmes 
dM hand fail. Probably a corr. of E. BaUislrr. 

Ea>AOCK. «. One of ihe tbirla^re duties exacted at a 
mXL Er»k. Inat 

Bannock. Buxxocb. bisxo, bissa. *. a sort uf 

ak«. Tb€ l>anc«K:k i.f. however, in S. more properly 
d JcJopnnhetl from the cake ; as the doiiKh, of which 
tii= f<;>rme( i^ made, )i> more wet when it is baked. It 
•.' alM masted on a girJlt ; whereas cakes are frene- 
riDy ioa«tpd before the Are, after havin;? been laid 
fi'^r soEi« time on a girdle^ or on a gridiron, S. A 
Bar. B fnnock, as described by Ray, '* is an oat cake 
laeaded wi:h watL-r only, and baked in the embers." 
BaiLXkockS are gt-nerally made of barley-meal, or peas- 
BeaL uid cakett of oatmeal. Bannatjfne Poems.— 
Xr {R.ninieoa, bunnOt Gael, bonnack, a cake or ban- 

hu%-tkAMfotm, i. A cake of this description, baked of 
bailey •bavaK ?. BiUvn. 

fiA5XOCK-lkV£X, t. Fastrins-evun, or 8hrore-Tues- 
4ay. Aberd. 

lilVSOCK-FLfKE, *. The name giren to the genuine 
tBBtet, from its Oat form as resembling a cake, S. 
Ma£ Ace. Y. BoDDBX-rLarK. 

Sl?tNix:K-HIV£. $. Corpulence; induced by eating 
pfecfafally. 9. Morifm. V. llivn. 

BA3(50CK-?TirK . t. A wooden iniitrnment for rolling 
MK bannock:* . Jacobite Rel ics. 

lAXRENTK, s. A banneret. ACU Ja. I, 

1A>:«EL. I. What in giren for good lock, Perths. 
if9vk. Hantei. A. 8. ten, precatio^ and iell-an, 
iarp ; to give what <« prayed for. 

IIXSTICKLE, Bamticklm, «. Tbe three-si>ined 
■irHghicir, Gnsteroften* acaleatuai Linu. S. Barry. 

BANWIN, t. As many reapers as may be serred by 

one bandeter^ 8., Fife. 8. A.— A. 8. band, Tinculuui, 

and wi'n, labour. 
BAP, 8. 1. A thick cake baked in the oyen, generally 

with yeaxt, whether made of oat-meal, barley-meal. 

flour of wheat, or a mixture, S. Ritfon. 2. A roll ; a 

small loaf of wheatcn bread, of an oblong f^rm, S. 
BAPPER, t. A vulgar, ludicrous designation for a 

baker ; firom Bop. 
BAPTEM, $, Bapti.'^m. Fr. Bapt'me. 
BAR, t. An infant's flannel waistcoat, Moray. V. 

Biaait, synon. 
BAR, s. To play at bar ; a species of game anciently 

U:M.>d In Scoil.'ind. It is doubtful whether this gnme 

is similar to that of throwing the sledge-hammer, or 

to one called Priaonerr, described in " 8trutt's Sports 

and Pastimes.** 
BAR, t. The grain in E. called barley ; bar-meal, 

barley-meal ; bar-bread, bar-bannock, Ac, 8. B. In 

other paits of 8. btar, bear-meal.— Mocs. U. bar, 

BAR, t. A boar. V. BiiR. 
To B.\R, r. n. To bar from bmtrdes, apparently to 

avoid Jesting. Bannatytte Puems. — Fr. barr-er, t-j 

keep at a distance. 
BARBAR, «. A barbarian. 31* Ward's Ctmtendtngs. 
BARDAR, BABBora, adj. Barbarous ; savage. Kennedy. 

Fr. barbart, Id. 
BARBER, t. Wliat is excollont in its kind ; the best ; 

a low term, P. Su. G. baer-a, illustmre. 
BARBLhs*, t. pi. A species of disea>o. Polwart. — 

Fr. barbcM, a white excrescence which giowH under 

the tongue of a calf, and hinders it from suckinflr. 
BARBLYT,jparf.jKi. Barbed. Barbour, Fr. bar- 

bele, id. 
BARBOUR'S KNYFE. The ancient name of a razor. 

AcL Dom. Cone. 
BARBri<YIK,«. Perplexity; quandary, Roxh. irong's 

Winter Evening Tales. 
To BARBULYIE, v. a. To disonier ; to trouble. 

Perths. Montgomery. Fr. barbf/uUW, confuit.Hlly 

To BARD, Baird, r. a. To caparison , to adorn with 

trapplugs. Lyndsay, Y. Barpiu. 
1 BARD IT. Baibdit, pret. and part. pa. 
. ^RDACH, Babdv. adj. 1. Stout; fearless; deter- 

mined, 8. B. Rtfts. 2. Irascible ; contentious ; aud, 

at the same time, uiiclvil ami perlinacioiH in manu<7- 

Ing a dispute. S. R. GaJloway. -Isl. barda, pugnax, 

Itanlagi : Su. G. bardaga, pniolium. 
BARDILY, adt. 1. Boldly, with intrepidity, S. V. 

Pertly, 8. V. Bardach. 
BARDIX, s. Trappinjrs for horses ; the same with 

Bardyngis, only in singular. Inventories. 
BARDIE, s. A gelde<l cat, An?. 
BARDINES.S, s. Petulant fonfi'anlnowt ; pcrtness and 

ira-iicibility, as manifehtcd in couvr-r.-sation, S. 
BARDYNGIH. «. 7;!. Trappings of horses. Bdlemlen. 
BARDIS, s. pi. Trappings. Douglas. Goth, lard, a 

BARDISII, orfj. Rude : insolent in language. Baillie. 

— From bard, 8. Itaird, a miUhtrel. 
BARD'S CROFT. The piece of land on the property of 

a chief, hereditarily appropriated to the family Bard. 

BARB, adj. I^oan ; meagre, 8. — A 8. bare, haer, 

nudus ; q. having the lK>nes naked. 
BAREFIT, Barrpoot, adj. Barefooted. B^tms. 
BAREFOOT-BROTH, Babbfit-Kail, «. Broth made 

ptsiplu IhM HI and >pmd. Sved. teH, pnlisull, 

BArr, 1. ro »«p mK ol Ik Batl ; *> t:«r **« 'l™!;. 

fforo'i H-intw rnfai,— »[, toi'*, "Th. l*ttl.i«r of 

■ addle," Col^r, 
BATTAI-L, I. A bilBlloii. V. lUriiLL. 
BITTALUNG, 1. PerbitlM • IiroJHUan n| kind si 

WTOiiAi* of ilaM. Onr. nmumry b/ A6ml. 
BATTALLlNa, BiTTBUjRi, I, A t«iil«B«iL. B««vlai. 

— Vr. tuflUJ, ialOtt, uurUnliH fHiIfiilEiu. 
BATTALOCSa, a4J. Bnve In Debt, aikcltit Satu, 
BATTAU-AX, 1. A iHltlMic. Atntor.— Fi, (uUn, 

lul. ioUar-f. lo fUiJu ^ >l>o, toflghL 
BATTART, BiTTUD, BtiTIk. 1, A null canDriii, Tn- 

snttord*.— V[. btt^ar-lt, " ■ dFOlc-UUDOn oi ileiiile- 

culTerin ; > iiuUcr piece of uir lilDd."Cewr. 
BATTELL, lufa'. . Bloli for puturn. SrJInuim. T 

T« BATTER. «. a. 1. To br I ti/^ar » us W nuk« Jl 

ucd in luuMniy, S.' 3. Ta«1»* waIU »< biiiMhig 

vldcDiBg u ■ nil rlHt- 
BAmCK,!. AipedeiDfiutllldT' V. Bi 
ro tlATTEB. V. a. To |»iH ; to utiH 

BATTXn, 1. AclUlnuui nituuim, lued 

BATTtCK, •- 'a plMo K flrn luid b 



BATTLB, a4j. TWck ; Bqum 

BAUCB. BiDiw, Hucn. rrveiJ *V. 1. CM 
/WiBWI, t. »oigo»* ; iiir ■■ 

kctju la let ihsm t*l] ii "' 
Ln-bm. 1. To tnl >' :. 
WaUact. 8. T^. HaiKAi. ■■ 
*oiiiiui. Loth. BaMt D»r ^ "'li''! "' ''- 
to bnilH — III. IwttH, limtiu, tiUib^ it 
IHde-n. tlnlvi, mrhuict Ma0-a<r< Innli 
bronua •tlxDOlBD ilolMiu. 
BADCULB, BionlL. i, I. An -I.) .I.<>-. < 

DArcnNBS, (. III'. Toopl. 



. DmitloM. 3. A una api 
Kui, B. B. "A burwmtile 

tmiiluaiu dnlguaUon dliBiilil 
aimiluiioni.— Teul. ialth, Uw Ih 
taOg. Mmr, ftom au. O- tol^ 

DKIBTn. BlKTE*, J. Burden : rncumbn 
SI, »»,— Du. btnSr, frynk; U, K 
tofnla; B*lg, (nrdi; A. S liyrU-iii; ti 
batr-aii. Su. D boir^. Inlit*r. 

BIVR-inKS, I. The Um w vbkli a cer 

ORIS, <>. I. Be |> ; tklnl pan. ilng, tidjl-. H, Pmeiat. 

— Utnihe ««i>d poM, U iHipio[wrij uut (or ilie 

lUlnl. A. S. tyit, nil : Aliu. rmnc, &M, u, fiuD 

bit, >iun; Wuhlo, tn, Uii. 

BEIS,Bus. Oot'i had l> Bid U Iw (n 

f Ia cgDfiHHl or fluplflbl with drink 

54irr^.— TedL Afd-ft. antiutl, 

tu, agiuri 1 01 Inim tho BBia Ddglu wlib Band, 

WUh ruUr M Btacb I 

UGLU, 1. Pitt 
I BBU>,<m]m/. 
IcslaJ. Baiiate 

larlKn irtlti uc, Loth. F 


fi|in>, * ptodiCTi 9- » 

«ail>< -.blatOif,X.~k.i.bBiil,hgit ; TeuL 

■< bbai ndrfc, M. (coloinun.) A. S. AjMJfW, Id. 

BBIST<BKBaK, f. Tho flnl milk boiM to ■ thick 

cUbilBl«pcfl. aiqiicwhAI T^ovnldJi^E nev-mwlB cheev, 

Mfluu. Brlitf mekwm, M. Uturha. 
ItmsT-MII.K. I. V. Bkut, Busrm. 
ni BUT. Bn>, fin. Bin, «. a. 1. 1u help ; lo iup- 

fly : M nnd. b^ loiltliic iddlUiiii. Bnr. fust, pa. 

KaoiHir. JfnririHC r> 6Mt It' ^Irn. or Mt Of 

<iwb To uM ruBl n Die tlPo. 8. " r« t«^, to nuk.' 

u B. ta<lnt rr. I 
iiTor Dp. Ax liBiigm. n 
hclut, protvUim, Md mij 
rb corio^iDbdliiic lb icnH. 

I. II 1< inlgorly aUed belltM, ■ 
UELPTI, pari pa. latfti ; fDaa 
BoHlala.— Dele. Iwditai ; Gcab. M 
lonun, lunclBtrl. A. & 6<U, M 

T" BILBAO CeBl r. a. To «iirr«uiLd lo > 
vIuUdi mtunn. ^iIit>'i JTfM. 

BELXCHKB, BiiLciium, Bilcbiii. •, Ki 
ileliBJi. JcU Ja. IV. rr. Ml< chn 
Ulonrnt. n<n, " (IctlBia i nitons 

BEtBFE, 1. Uapo. D-mttat ■ 

Te BXUar. a. a. To Imn ; pnrt. Ofl 
A. e. ba, ud Un/an. Ilru)u?>*. ^| 
fa BSrjni'. DnawK • a. To ddMH 

bM Bom, t. TubtlnaiBloil 
oiln( ralAiBiVr ot aua oT agno* 
fiW. WaUaa — A. ~ - 

> ; nau. Im(- 
^ Aff-4(iArH curT«9])oDda la 

BItlJtrX, 1. Dopa. iMInrfra T. Bbmt 

BELBWVT. <•>}«/. >. DoUrand np. T. A 

BELTLTF. (. An Hud UU niM™^ *> 

BfdHa- vt JTicMaftfntfh Mltb la Ikblrf I 

ealMT." Alwnt. 
fa HBLV, a, E. To I 
fiEUCKBT. fVml MUM; i 

i;adr. BjudhT. B 
. BE-UKB. iklf. PrsUthla. ' 
ULTR, nJr, Pr.. 

BUtlN, t. A hvoi 
Awn. Du. tills. M 

IV) BXBT, Bnio, Bnuoa, i. a. Ts Intei 

AwwIiU,— A. B. AfH^^ii, M. JenLuitt;! 
ttrtr-oii li Utenll;. tanmlu-B. lE mtif, ho 
HppoIMl LbM Uia pdmiuie Idw I> f(HU 
MiWo. tnmc. itrc-an, lo ooier, lo hlila, t 
BEKY UEOCNH. ■ tliul* ol brawn iirprawhi 

A- B. bjfTfftlt dgEiiflu both, tepalcfiim, lopiilEuia, 

BSIUALL, aij. flhlalng lUie berjil. iWku. 
BKKIia, I. BeFDllnre.—A. &. bfriiM Kpulnini. 

itfr^eUi !• ucnnlJiiKlj wA t? WIclU for Wmbi, 
BEBVKES, BiiTiiBK, 1. Buriil, Inurment, Bartow, 

— A, S. bjfriffnc^ae, Kpoltun, 
BBEIT, iHprrf. V. Bui. ■. 
BSBLB, I. Bcr;!. ■ pneloiu nuDii. BwloB.— Froa. 

thlg t. Uoug. tomu llit uli. btriaU, ihliilng IU< 

BERl,Y,(urj. AppuentlT MnnH, iBlfhtj. Starytont. 
Tbli vgrd ti u» mat. t luipccl, irlUi E. burly, 

clill; » Su. Q, biom, id. wii meopli. m 

■n llluliloiu p«ion»gc, 
BERUKMALT, 1. HulliudootbvltT. 
BBOUH, (. \Kn%ol (lUej. Suy Man 

wrilun Bitrtint. q. •- 
BERN, Snun, >. 1. 

BERWARD, (. Ooe who kHpi I 

roBESAIK.B.a. TDbcKHh. 
BBSAND, Draud, i. Ad a 
•ittmei bj Uu Fnnch kluci 


beimtt priDoopft, ti 

n gfliwnl. Dvjola*. — A. S. 

DKBNB-VARD, I. ThiendoiDnidjoialngiAo 
shlch the produce ot Ilie Dalda l> ituksl for \ 
vhUon duHug wlBUr, 8. bamytLrd. — A. 8- 
homam, kndpfardt ippliovDtDid. 

BEKNHAN, >. Atbrubtr of coin, 8. A-; tliewtwK 

BBBN-niNDLIN, 1. A ludlcnnu teim lot t. klu 

Klvm la Ihe (oraei ot » b«ra, Ettr. For. 
BEBNI, f. AbbreTtaUgo nt Amuiy ot Bantaboi. 

To BEKRV, c. a. 1. To bat; h, id Icrrir a tdtni, [a 
Ixail It child. 3. To Utruh corn. Boih. Aouuid. 
Dnufr.—Su. a. bOicr-ta. IiL to^lo, (erln. pnlsut ; 

MldBihKebcispaiKiHdirfpreurDttiiiml itniiKlli 
ud cimim fcpjcUr. I»« PiraU. V. Emra, ud 

(crcte, " tbB pieCM ta mil 
BIATH, K AniwaHf' ■ 

I, Bnutsnci. ndim 

.dtenl. Sw. V.Bbbi. 

— A. 8. H «i 

!■ nwnoli, Kniwdf. 

:d, jart. ;». 1. Wdl 
Ji ; bklllHt Id. S. PniTldod 
UaiUU. — A, B- ioHHi .• Tftn. 
It Bni HDtr>. JIcMnt dniotM i 
1 BfianaiHilaU7l9iUi(; InUia 

. m. 1. KM •ln1tb^ Aiiunni, 

1, Torn, uucred ; oDiiB iu^udUif (h* Id* of 

BEET, adj. Baif. 
bav*. Id. ; ■llioj | 

BBSU).fin(. 1 

yjpfU " vhorVf tavd,* 

IV BKSL^ or BltLII, K. n. Ta ulk mwb M 
Li IfZHiTiuifc of, Atiir.— Del;, btintt^m, lu 

BB^LB, Bhli, f. Idl* l>iltln«, Boq 

BESOU^SLBAN. <■>(/, Atoleuu k bnanauiBak* 

■ flOSI, CODUIUUd mill DHblKK. 

DEdOUTU, priiti. To tlw KuUinnI nf V BBUn, 
UUeeT'LOacn. •■ ThcAlhliiB.«Uat>laai*,KoiliL 
DS8T, odg. JBtm ; mtr ud M«t( i (kJd; ■liar, 


" ihalilnr, BMiilng ~ dtrirtnit it frtm lent 6™; 
cocitriuncie. Thii li ■ pmvlDclal K. irr>rd. -Bm 
U«. ucmbUng, Korili,'' 01. OrDw. T, Bnu, < 

BKCaLE- BACKED, nib'. CrDoli-tuulctd. Wo/ioii. 
A. B. ilv■<>r^ IS bow 1 TtU. fcwcM. ElUiiu : Ocn 
tunl, > dlnln. fnmi hi#. denoUng UTlbinf con 
sr clrculir. 11 !■ UDdoubtcdlj ths luna wsnl (tut 
nowpisDoanced IwetfcAacfcil, B. 

BBVIB (</ a jtr:), 1. A lenn iwd U deooU k gn 
flrn; UHDeUisea, in>«, S. Periiapi trom E. iovl 
" ■ lUck like ilirisa tniind op In tmaoa^ JaluiH 

DETIE, 1. A Jog, ipiuli, 

biKl. V, Bur, f. 
BETrL-EDQB, t. Tbe edge at %. duiplwl, ilDpInc Bakal. itaafrloi.— A. B. ke, pnt. 

BKriiD, a4/. Bo*-l^ged, Aug, ; q. htugti^ rrom the 
tume origin wLlb 6m7^ Id BeusXt^nuktdt q,T. 

BIW. oi^i. Omd ; hoDoluablB. Brw KAyHt, or 
nAirr-it. Rvod £ln. Fr. taiHi, go^l. Dtmalai. 

wsYBr. /^ilto^flonMr,— A,B.i»t/-<on,»Milliire, 

71> BEWAVB, Bewxui, k. a. 1. T> ihKId ; u> b1d« : 

BRWBBT, prrp. TDWuda the tom, 8. BaiUiifi Xcd. 

V. B(, pr^. 
BBWtDDtSD.port. o^', DrautTd, Bur. For, Bim. 

— Fnin be iwd Teut. wint^n, innnlR. 

■;n. ollta E. KckCUa'. mmu'i n»>u.' Fromei,' 

HEWIS. BlwiB, 1. pi. BgoghH. Dot^Iiu. V. BlCCK. 
BBWIS. (. pi. DHuUa, O. Fi, lirau, buutj. J(a-t- 

A, 8, Aygron. tnEra. 

:tlj Mstraaln] irllb be, u ■l(iiUrtti( tf 

MlqnaHDH <jt iji u •igolljtot b^/imt ; t 
JIuiloD ta u utva ttiit lUc* «U« tn 

da. 1. Whin, AftDi; q. bj tlia Unt IM 
coCKc. TtiU Mlon li nrr uclcnt. Han. i 
M< (roIiUim Uuf broOaim It; Win Ui bi 

t gonE up. Z. Ai Uimllj'iaj olUnig* ; 

na Cry," I doa't an Uimak I tfna u> jdi 
piiAl, B. B. DnmUnc appnnlnuUiiii, gr nji 
' > tome dliUDce ; nnd Is thn mmpiHIi 

Dowi-ET, odiu Dommtdi ; Implj^ng ili« U< 

adt. Kmrariomnf oWtcl I q. », 
r. adu. Thii. u wcU u r*r«i#*-*». ll i 
'blfoars In tbe pbmH " Gome ovr-Avi** Vi ' 
Urtn^^." ivlkfui pviUf voDdA. ■InKm^ ai 

ilneen thdr nipcetlTa ntUenecIi S. 

□c<iH-BT, oilg. T. Oti->r. 
IT, Bilii. UpnnU, B. 
BY-COUIKfl, >. Tbo Kl of ^anlnf bj etttir 

->«, B. tItivUI-i Diari- 
BV-COlfMOH, iuIb. Oat oC tho ordlnuT Una ; 

nltrlng bcTond. Bail. 
BV-COUHON. aij. BlogsJar, kjn. & QfOM 
B*-B*ST, Tomnlsth. Bim. T. Ba.pn7. 
BT-OAIN, /» thil^-aaXK 1. UunU^, In t<u 

B^*t*ll. Abeid. 3. In^tdenlaUj, Abrnt 

BT-OATE, Btqr, I. A \if-wi.j. Mar^tSaU 

>n<a, I. The act of paulog. Jttnm'i 

d. to Inhabit! 111. tv, 1 

Y'BOtmS, 1. 

B. Jirr, Sm 

, BI-LYAB,!. 

tr," 8. 

t. to tUtart. Dmwliu 

n BUWRY, f. I 

BBWTBIt, f The bittern. Str U. aariBKi Su 

B8VONT. prip- Dryoml. 6, 

Buk-o'-BciujiT, adv. AI a grot dUiance , ■ 

JifcrMiUf.S, n< JnliViurr. 
DXXWEU, *<«. Unvenr, Urloi. Perhapi al 

BHAUK.I. AkambtorTlllagv, Oael. Cltan-AIUto 

>(lln«n. thiu itrBcailnalcd, which ct 
n i tnm a ch of a cbild. 
'UlLUi' A la>|e*ilUn(, aiaroUao 
I majbecnaiiaRd (oaboak. IMifO 

vioa^i. Aboil 

AOi U>try. 
BIG Q IB, Bisoin, t. 

BIUQINQ, niosri. 

L,i, AbaUittoK;!!' 

Mniliw. •Uuetun. 
BIOUIT. port. fa. BiiilL— Thii ■ord I, 

■n houiEi or hulUlogi, OBOtniled vllta i 

■torn, a. flartmir. W«FiI, weU-gr 

JrdnU't Jfff. ^ <HfU tftivn Aodv li «u <no bu 

■cqnlnd ■ fwd disl at walUi, B, B. 
BtOSlT WA'a, >, pi- BuUiHufli halUe^ 8. City 

JtawKriflf, V. Tto Bis, Bia. 
BIOOIT, pret. Peihaps, Isclintd. Kint BaTl.—k. 

BIOHT, f . 1. A Imp apaninpe. S. ThelDcUutloa 
of A iHjp Loth, — ^Tabc bioh-tfit iihPilu^T lncBTT»rl, 

Impljldjj ut CU7 kir, and, ftt Iti^ 
Tlcj, 8. B. Jfsrunn.— FErhspi q. 


ak. 3. Finvnl, dEllgbtrnL. 
A. H. b^^on, hoblure, and Itc^ tiaXWa. 

BiaEI,B«r<»arili. an. rink. (d. Leg. Luaia, ludgt*. 
BYILTKIT. pari. >a. Boiled. Cluintrfi Mar). 
BYK. AppitnDLlj, u cmL. for Ayl. btu. J>mibaT 

BIKE, Bill. 

« of tlK btak w' 
A hnildlDE, > hd 

iBp^ or um, a. Doiiola: S. A bvIkllDi creOnl 
fsrUieiireKiTi^laiiafEnlD; CUIhD. I-amamt. ^. 
UeUpb, ui usoduloa or allHtiTe bod; ; & Lynd- 
■a|r. To tltaH tA« bskCt natnph, Ui dlxpene u as- 
Knibl]' of vbaUTsc Idrnl ; B. S. A faliublr eall«- 

m bejHid cipccMUoD. 0. In Ibn North of S. U li 

BILCIt, (fuM.) I. 1. A luiT pcim S. ta AelkUki. 

■ Uul*, cnwkol, InMfalOeuilpcnoa. V. B*tc*. 
To BILCS, <cll lOft) (. H. To lt»|i -, u> bill. TBnM, 
Bonb. fija. nark, rftlniiiriini Tniir lufraa. fn 

A. a. M(f-«, luiwKHt, 10 iiiuiln 
rnuc tiiiu-m, DwiiR ^ Bcbllwr. 
1i UILEPK. >. 

MUtviU. Ool. Z^ ^ Jfory.— r>. Mib, • Ball 

BILF,!. Ammiiti St.Ptlrirk. V.Bmum.Vrum. 
BILV, 1. A bllBI tOott, Ajn. tuMlu. (Wri A 
Q<UuiiH. B'ff, Bug, tja. 

DIUIKT, a4', BultBl, JnUlog out. DoMor Bu. 0. 
tmtf-it, u orll, ithtnn I>L Irtlv'n. • bUln. Or, 

Tb BIUi, V. a. 1. To nfluw. W ncorit. /Ifi. nr»it 
3. To gin a Iqnl ntfonsauiai axalnn, u tadln 
- DOau. MaU. AeU Ja. n. 
r. 14 B. BiilL Andlna^ J\ i n »i T ill 

iwlft, IlMC; tmanriO, 

Ickarlnt ddIk, S. B, 
IKT, belUnf htlibljr. 


BTOUa, rut). BrtnuMiuuT' Bymi m 

BTPTlCir, pari. lu. Dlitwdor diei]. ffrwlafa.' 

BIR, Bike, i. Jam. I Hod Ihit III. Ayr, »pl. Tenln 
(enni, ti dediind Iran hr-a, (cm i Ql. Kdil, Shdi 
FErhkpg Afr li derlnd mtbcr Ikvm U. finrr. U(( 

BtHD. Biiid, Bud. Ddu>, >. 1, A Uulj-, • lUn 
Oavati and Csl.— Ai drlddi Is the wonl owd 
Cluiiwt for blrf, II li aereJj the A. R tens 
puUu, puIlDJds. Bird, u spplltd Id « ilnnteV 

i)uiidrupodE^pftT(lcitUrljDf thofinv. 

tAtit; Qttm-brrd^ ffe-bivrd, Id., fJcAbcrd-Msifiuti 
ftcrie. Su, fl. »wr~ii, dsbcn, pnt. (ordt, aDduill; 

BlBDinJOB. A phnua oudta deaaie IdUdu 
fuoUUriljr- SIldDK ttrd iHd jM, ■ittlug ctae 
JotI, like Birbj tod Jou. S. 

BIRDIE, I. A dtotauUte fniM B. B.rd, a. 

BIBJ)-lIOin'E'D. adj. Uenlj^mouMd, S. Am 

•BmOS, I. pi. "A' llii Midi In Ihc mr' • 

BYKE,!. CowliDiiK, S. 
Ool. — PertikpB milled teriuia, burr, BnlH^t ; Ayre, 
Sd, O. Ij/r, ■ t1U<^ i Gem. bt 

ft CUV : flH], it,ld,— BnUierfniaO. Ft. toVH 
DVKEHAN, >. ' A Dum-KiTuil Vba cl(U> the e 
BinaST TUREAO, Biun Tiiuu>. I-ciliipi Rrwu 

BllUIIE, ailj. Abmia 

inK-KHOWI. 1. A hull 

IIRKIN, BDmiw, aifj. Of, or belaetlnr U U 

>, B. a. L 

BIERIB, luV. 1. Ti 
■plribod; mMUewmo. tMII, 

BIBKY, f. 1- A llid; fDunx (oUcnria per 
neUle, B. Pbshm Barium Dial. A jaU J 
" Id UDianatlDK, ■ulomin » «M SiHF," Ql 
Jtawaii.— AlllHl piibsps. IS lil. tirk-la, fKi 
bout : or Moru-o, •pllulari, i|. ooe (Us to pn 

BIRKH^BiuT.i Airl«ti>efuoe*iaudi>,u 
ooljr iwn pitf, itaroHliic deWB « wd allenua 
who follow! lalt Din. ih> trick. It he M^ a 

hlionn. B.K«Mdr-«yHU,«U<WP. rrMiiU.b 

1. BIRL, Bi»ii, r. «. 1. n.l. worn priBHtIr d 
Uiu Kel at panting out, urrorDldiluf dKak lu i 

■ uDitui diUIlog vDud. S. npHlor M 
VBvd ImpToperlj. u> denote ^qltk naUm In V 
IaUi. *• BHDellmet it duieM Telodlj of rnn 

JohBion hu oliaertn], Uui " II Uwr* ba Nl t 
iidOfa. tingU, llnJilt, As., [here !■ Implied ft tMn 
or llcnUoa af naftU kU : (InuBmu i. T, « 
■lid, ttwt iM* temlaftilaa ItnniiHnUf ualli 
vhlch dfHote ft ihftrp or tlDcUag uvflil k fta B, 
ilral ; S. krl, riiift. dirl. 
DtaLAW-COUaT, ftl>o Uhut^ddit. V. Bift 
BIKLKV-OATS, Bui«T-l)in. t pi. A (p( 

BIMJB-UAN, (. 0D( «bo uta-v 

AnUqnftiT; "Uw J«ttj ..m. 
filBllM, I. A lon^Hiftrri' ><< < 

Uj Ui9 cUelUUii lo tl.-- " 




(^ c A driakiBC nnteh, In wbich, generally, 
Ik to d^Mied bj the oonpeDj. Bridto/Lcmr' 

The h|^ part ef a flumwbeie flieyoimf sheep 
laerrf / or diy, he a t hy putnre, reeenred for 
ho oAer th^ kATo been weaned, Rozb. Loth, 
a hiU ; 8a. Q. hrw^ Tertez mootis ; 
a height in a general eenie. 
To pot them on a poor dry paatnre. 

with the eoorcfaed rtems of 

t on fire, 8w 2. HaTing a 

applied to plants, i. e. like 

Ac, Loth. y. 

or rather the UUtiafmdaida of 
to laL ftrimcNir, pecodom 
^ypeCitas inira ; G. Andr. C. B. 



. To bom. y. BaTV. 
«. 1. A homt mark, 8w Ae<v Cka. II. 
bomt OB the noses of sheep, 8. S. Skin 
a '■*f****r phrase, denoting the whole of 
w of any nnmber of peisons or things, 8. ; 
ftym, burning. Actt Jfory. 

& B. Bum. To pis one^s him a 

him in a strait, 8. B. Poeau BtidUin 

bbreriation of A 8. ftyrOen, harden ; 

O. B. bmrUf onoS) bjprn-^Of onerare. 

9. Aeors]et;abiigandine. Ikmfflat. 
frm, dyraa ; IjL frrynt brfnia ; 8w. ftrinoo, 

pectoris; probsUy firora 

. fi. Boots ; the stronger steins of bunit 
rhich reaoain after the smaller twigs axe con- 
8. I^emmgemik. — ^A. 8. bym, incendlom. 
y. Bsia. 
1. To make a whirring noise, espedally 
e with Mrl, 8. Jkntgloi. It is 
Bd to denote the soond made by a spinnlng- 
The MntaU. 2. To be in a state of oonftuion, 
It aecms to signify the coatnaimx in the heed 
by Tiolent exercise. Skinner. Y. Bxia, 8. 
mXj c nie whining soond of a q>inning- 
or of any odier madiine, in rapid gyration. 
V. Jfaim. 

i, M. Tho noise made by partridges when they 
taa, «. The gad-fly, Bo:d>.— E. breutt brize ; 

Braaa, Bnssia, «. 1. AbrisUe ; "asow's 
the bristle of a sow, 8. Evergreen, 2. He- 
ar the beard. Knox. 8. Metaph. for the 
bOD of lage or displeasore. " To set op one's 
to pot one in a xsge. The bint is also said to 
len one's temper becomes warm, in alloslon to 
■ feaeed with bristles, that defend themselves, 
oas their rage in this way, 8. Cbarte of Conr 
'«. — A. 8. frynf ; Germ, bont, bwnt ; 8a. G. 
d. Ihve derires it fk-om bniarr^ a thistle. 8w. 
to pot one in a rage ; ftorsta nig, 
adf airs, E. to bristle op. Hence the 
af X. ftmsk ; for 8w. tent, is a brash, bctnta^ 
*ia fxvm. bcrat, seta ; a brash being made ef 

la, B, A. dye stitf. Ferhapa for BrateU, or 
idabwkvood. Aberd,Beff, 
■^ WatM, WtOMa, «. a. 1. To braise, & 

Police «f Honour. Brite Is common In 
0. X. 2. To posh or drire ; to bine in, to push in, 8. 
Shirrefi. 8. To press, to sqaeeae. To biree iq>.— 
A. 8. ftrys-oti; Belg. ftryt-en; Ir. brit-im ; Ft. 
brii-er, id. 
BIB8ST, a4J. 1. HaTing brisUes ; roi«h, 8. DouqUu. 
2. Hot-tempered; easily irritated, 8. 3. Keen; 
sharp ; applied to the weather. ** A birssy day,** a 
cokl, bleak day, 8. B. 4. Metaph. oaed in regard to 
serero oensara or criticism. 
BIBSK, Baua, «. 1. A braise, 8. GaU. 8. The act 
of pressing ; the promare made by a crowd ; as, *' We 
had an awfti' bine,** 8. 
To BUUSLE, BusTLB, BBUtsui, v. a. 1. To bora 
slightly ; to broil ; to parch by means of lira ; as, fo 
birOe peatf 8. Dou^fiat. 2. To scorch ; referring to 
the heat of the son, 8. DougUu. 8. To warm at a 
lirely flra, 8. A. Bor. brusle, id. To dry ; as, " The 
son brudei the hay," i.e. dries it— 8u. G. brtua, a 
lirely fire ; whence Isl. 6rys, ardent heat, and frrysv-o, 
to act with fenroor, ee breitke, torreo, aduro ; A. 8. 
brasUt glowing, brtttaian, to bom, to make a crack- 
ling noise. 

BIR8LB, BauBLB, t. 1. A hasty toasting or scorching, 
8. Apparently that which Is toasted. 

BIRST, «. Brant To dree or ttand the birtt ; to bear 
the brant, Bozb.— From A. 8. bfrst, bent, malam, 
damnum, q. sostain the lorn ; or byret, actUeom. 

To BIB8T, «. n. To weep conrulslTely ; to bint and 
ifreetf Aberd. This appeara to be a provincial pro- 
nanclatloa of E. bunt /as, '* She burst into tears." 

* BIRTH, g. An establishment : an office ; a sitoation, 
good or bad, 8. Gl. Surv. Nairn. 

BIBTH, BraxH, t. Siae ; bulk; burden. DougUu. 
y. BoBDuro.— Isl. ftyrd, byrthrur, byrtk-i ; Dan. 
bfrde ; So. G. boerd, burden ; whence byrding, navis 
onersria. The origin is Isl. ber-a ; Su. G. baer-a ; 
A 8. ber-an, byr-an, portara. 

BIRTH, M. A current in the sea, caused by a furious 
tide, but taking a different course from it, Orkn. 
Galthn. Stat. Aoe.—ltl. byrdria, currere, festinare, 
yercl. ; apparently signifying a .strong current. 

BIRTHIX, a4j. Productive ; prolific ; from £. birth. 
Laufs MemorialU. 

BYRT7N, Biauv, part, pa, 
Aberd. Beg. 

BT-RUNIS, Brauma, t. pi. 
is formed like Bt-oanks, q. 

BTRX7NNING, part. pr. Waved. 
G. birinn-an, percurrere. 

BTSENVU', adj. Diagustlng, Roxb.— Isl. bysn, a pro- 
digy, y. Btssv. 

BTSKNLESS, i. Extremely worthless ; without shame 
in wickedness ; without parallel.— A. 8. byten, bysn, 

BTSET, g. A substitute, Ayra. q. what $etM one by. 
y. Bar by, v. 

BISHOP, M. 1. A peevish, iU-natnred boy ; as, "A 
canker'd biihop,** Lanaiks. This seems to have ori- 
ginated among the common people in the West, from 
the ideas they entertained of the Episcopal clenry 
during the period of the persecution. 2. A rammer, 
or weighty piece of wood used by paviors to level 
their work, Aberd. 

BISHOPRY, i. Episcopacy ; goverament by diocesan 
bishops. Apdoget. Bdation.—k. 8. biecoprice, 

BISHOPS rOOT. It is said. The Biehoft foot ha» 
been in (he brofk, when they ara singed, 8. Tyndale 

Past; ''Byrun rent'* 
Arrears. Skene. This 


DougUu. — ^Moes. 

■Mini Is tarn hid IK eriglD In UnM at 
Hit deru luul iiuh uuiiil«€ lnauiiiH. 
IU17U1I1111 could bn rIsDs wlthaul Umlr 

BT-eUOT, I. Odf > 

Boch>Jl. rwro'i J 

B?aTNT, o<!;*. M..D 

■t, " * ojlng In the NorUi, 

iBt uldc tot mo old nuld. 

Ifimlown. V. Dismoo, 

BtfiKET. f. Brtut. T, Bmin. 

fllSM, BrsTKK, Bluii, DiiiiK. 1. ibfM ; golf, 

Anifllai. Pr. idivnu; Gr. oGvatroc- 
BI3MAKS,IiiEkcn.t. A Mnlyiid. •» InnrumiMii for 

WElghlnf naFmblinK i| ; tDtMltmn biwiiuir, 8. B. 

Ortn. fairy. V. l"!™!!!.!*. — Isl. Wjmorl, (wnior, 

Ubra, [rnlliu mfnof ; L«g, Wen. OiKh. 6(mwrt; Su. 

0. i^iiMn.' teut. (wmxr, bL itstu^ KKUd. O. 

Andr. dfHva ihlg monl Inm U. As. ■ purl el ■ 

pouEid weights 
DlflUAKB, Uhiiui.i. LAta'd. 3, A lewd <miun. 

Id genenl. Daaclai.—" t. %b A, t. Iiitmrr, luuLu- 

uelli, ant blimtrian, Ulcdcn, dehnnmR, polluen." 

DIaUER. >. The Dunt (Ititd to ■ ■pa;lei ot lUcUe- 

Uck. Orlin. Darrj/. 
BI3UINO. Bnuiutii, BtlBtllo. Bthciiici. Btsiit, 

u. fiMirailir. KtrkaHtut. te. 

6TST0CH, Batimu. t. A term of ooqtM 
pnctie nmning of whict Hniii >« b> loM. ; 
Berenl ilmlUi lenaa mnr. u Tt. AWorM, 
loiMtr, to limp; bvitaWn. ■great lubber^ 

BIT. 1. ATUlcutcmUHt (<ir(ood,8. Bil » 
meu and DlatUog, B. B. Stmt. Allhoncti 
undenwod at cloUilng. I nupcet (hat It, ai 
Ml. od(lD*llj ilgDUIed And, baa A. g, tuJ 

BYT, 1. A blow or dnte, Abenl. BuiO. M 

afeimlEBipt, "TefivelWH 
I'lcalf or aJrk. than irrRfBd 
I dcTn'tlaut o< Ssotlai^"— I 

il ijualltlei; frequenUr Q»l It 

; Genu, btnipirl, an siamiiL 
—A. S. M>}kU, Aioijvll, ■ 
, bjir?nl. a prtJTerb ; from bi, 

[ BITtlE, t. A null bit, 
S, A, Pnm. ImUit 01 
IallIlnll^ paiujUuliB. 

BT-aPltL. I. Ad illtelUmale diUd, Roib. 

E. Id. Low E. tvi-Um. 
HTSPRENT, part, pa. Beiprlnklnl ; a 

DanBtat Belc, betprinek-en. (a iprtiikle. 

, BITB,,. 1 

banlf D( 


doD Bl mibls toad i 
iteiuKt. S. OUM 

ii Ja, II. — Qam. trntrrl ; 



Appanntly plate of 

ITary, Ft. biKU. biMtU, 

iDg nidK. e. a. A buB ; 

f Eold. lElTer, or cripper. 
vera niipal. duimcrii 

DomKr. Baidatr 3. A piodliE; ; 
iiuolalamltf. Klaa. i. Btitm 
nn hl^hl)' squeMfe of eauUBiiil 
mworih; chancier. S. V.Uuiiiini. 
, TO, fiiuyxl, owiUune A. 8. tin- 

Hnie; I^Hia. (0 porUDd; b|r«i. a prodlllTi (nudr 

BISrATU. UinBDH. jircl. Perbipi, niniianded. 
IVMnM.— A, S. AwIdA oin;UBid«UI, bom Mitas 
Tfiil. »utem, olKumiiilere. olnuDidan. 

UnrOCK.!. 1. AUUle 

n. UVWACB, .. a. To eonr^ ta U 
Pniflal— A. S t-nM^^'afi ; Mkl O. h 

BVWBM>. furi. o^r. Pw*. In n>Ha 
ijaw. Bygam- Jttfloulni.— Mew. fl 


I MMdlDE" Pritt £>tayi, BigU. Hoc. S 

BLACK-9TANB, Bumnon, i. 1. Thi dtiliniatlin 

SwIUili idUtvsUIiii. h Ike nl od vlikh ■ ilDdcU' 
*llsU4pufatlo sumliutJon, mwit •» Kitlhspn 

a EiBg'i CsUfgi^ Aber 

Roiu of lb< »i>m>du B 
lU liinnlly nnuimt,' 

BUtCK VICTUAL, t. Fulic 

hjr ItaeniiBlTe., o. ml»>l u ■ 
■LAOK WARD, >. A tIMo o 

K M'Knuifi iTut, 
BLAOK-WATCB. I. The del 

imtk raioar ol (heir tertu. i 


mve Ud Rtginii 
t WIN TBS, J. 

Blfhluid dl 

fa THUD IN Buihl- To r 

W»*a— Tbn wonl, u iwrt"!" "rt«'i'»llT upplled 
rood, mij tw fma A. S. WmI, tnli of 
ul, Mol. klHdenoMlaiMerti; iT.WOi 

■ niluBl lublt, B. } 

. A pamoiM, a. K /Num.— .ii ail H. 

FVHLAD t CndlsitfR. ■ 

I J H ditn by iMU^, « 

%d- (jugn. iTwrtfwL Si T» 9 
in whWsTM nr, Alw4. Oom mV 

e luiM«<, Abgnt B. A. 


uoniii uil lUDVi ; ilio, ttol-n. la bU* 

LAD, Blaah, Hum/, i. A vrrtf* blov ar tt 

BLAD, t. Atqull; ■InTtiDelDdlnfUHldw 

kUoT nln U 

BLAODT, ai^. iBooDiIut, UDMrJid : mfftM 

Mel, "Ailaildiitj,'lniBtiXumuiJI 

BLAt>, I, A dirty rpol on Uu dwek, 9. tn 
ibceflMl'rfablav. &«l Wad, boignr. U i 
BLAUAKIK I. Pdiupa ta^D fdor;. JL BnMk 

LADDERAND. Buzreun. V. BunOL. 

BLAKDBIUiKATK, J. Bipl. "AnI&4laUMt« 

BLADS,(. TbslutiXtnve, S.— A. 8. lilMd 
eu. G. Id. Belg. Nod. Oc'iiE. ilaL AI1M.P 

HI ; UWHl, q. OlM II tlO 

1 laU Dolhtst. Soasnlut aqal* 

.illleiilairhK: u AlodAiX » 

fouDd tbe Ml 1 f . BiiT, But, aad : 

tLiDUia, atfi- AFtdi«d tQ ^t< k 
at luifK biTiad leavci ffvwinc Mt < 

BLADKY.i. Ki[d. "trB*i|wir.' faftf. — U 
tlther Uii uii <rltb SlailarO. 01 Abl**, 1 
BLADROCK. 1 AUlkaUT*, tfUjMlM^IMl 

T» BLAX • >•- 1 
IS JTv. Rgtb. 

trtit.—tt. Mer, flfBiaa U blot 

blut , bAtidilha*)^ 
a. Vyf- Cljdia. T. 

lb* laJarwifa nfri 




BJkirES, $. The kKMe flakes or laminm of a stone. 
tfn. Vlfa.— Teat, bl^f, pUani. T. Ulab 

:X, V. «. To begoUe, 8. Rawuajf. T. 



lUIMT, part pa. Appaxcstiy tbe nme with Ulad. 

i^tirfaipvtOBbaM. Ac. Pit$ooltie. 
lUXDBT. BLADDum. «. 1. MoDaCDie ; fooli»h tnlk. 
IsMttf . 8. SooMtimca It vonld Hrcm eqaiTalent to 
1 Jl— wiif or sjfll mhmht as If it denoted imsnb^tan- 
i4t (bod. jr. Brmctt's Lett. 3. Tbe phlepn that is 
(■Btd q» in eonghtnf, especially when in a great 
fiiriy. Th« Ciieff beadle Tieved this as the pri- 
■vy sense, vben he nid to an old minibter, after 
|*nf^Mnr. ** Yell be better now, Sir, ye hae gotten a 
ksBdc bUtkrie mIT your stammock the day." 4. Empty 
fusde; or petiiapa vain oommeodation, unmerited 
lyplaase. ▼. Buadbt. and Blkthsb, v. 

■jUM, r. pi. A dlMase. WatMon'i CoU.— A. 8. 
Meirir, Sa. O. bimtdot, and Qeim. Mo^, denote a 
pBple. o€ icveUing with many reddish pimples that 
OK and spread. A. 8. M«artk, leprosy. 

lUOr, f. A nark left by a wound, the disooloaring 
if the ikin after a sore, 8. Rutkerftrd.—JL. 8 
fc'»M, Bdg: blegnte. postnla. But our term is more 
dosfety allied lo Isl. Mteo, which is not only ren- 
devd pmsMmtOt bat also, eoetio ex verbere ; 0. Andr. 
Germ. Ua#-a»« to svelL 

IUI3C. I. 1. A bUak, a Tacancy. A Uain in a field, 
t pber where the gndn has not q>runfr, liOth. 2. In 
ll. Mcms, empty FmlOt Banffs. — Probably a metaph. 
«• if the pccceding word ; or from A. 8. Mtnne, 
oiBe, intenniuio. 

BUVT. «4/. Applied to a field with frequent blanks 
ta Ac CT^ip, fraa the grain not having spruug up, 

fW BLADCCH, V. «. To cleanse.— From E. Nawck, 

ft. UcwA-t'r, w whiten. 
2b BLAIR. Blamb, r. •. I. To make a noise ; to cry 

ifs«L Mj^. Boxh. 2. To bleat as a sheep or goat, S. 

A T.aBoit. V. Blaikaxo. 
SIAIB. Blabk, «. I. A loud sound ; a cry, 8. A. 

JmabiU RrlicB. t. Tbe bleat of a nhcep, Roxh.— 

TioK. Uteres, boare, mugire, Gael. Uo^thim, to cry, 

Uarr, a cry. 
KaI&AXD Roaring ; crying.— Teut Ma«r- 

m. n^ire. til. Sibb. 
SLlZJL «. That part of flax which is afterwards used 

J Baaofcctore. properly after it has been steeped, 

ta»i laid out for being dried ; for, after being drird, it 

% it eaL«d lint. S. This in E. W <lcnominaU.-d harle. 
r. blofr^ hards of flax ; but mtlicr from Ikl. blacr^ 
it is thus expoKed to the dmi^rht. 
7f HJIR, t. •. To becuae dry by expokurt to the 

4«>arbL Anp. 
W.illTS, r. The ground appropriated fordrylnfr flax. 

lag. Thiff term also denotes the ground on which 

pmss arv laid o«t to be dried, Anjr. 
tLAJSTf. part. pa. Soared, Anp. Fife. V. Dlkbii. 
BLAlfK. BLisxa. «. The BlaiM of wood ; thosi* par- 

Mes which the wimble Koops out in boring. Clyde«. 

T Blab, Blav. 
U ILAiaTKB^ e. a. To Mow with riolcnee. A. 8. 

liasrtaa. iBsoOiare. E. Nasfer seems to be originally 

^ — lar woid. 
tun, m^j. Naked ; bare. Pr. of PdAii. 
■ait. Blatb, Blbat, adf. 1. BaiJiful : sheepish, 8. 

▼ Bbon, adj. 2. Modest; anas»uming; not for- 
Oid McrUlUjf, 8. Curt ; rough ; 

onciTll, Anir. Aherd. Spoldina. 4. Stupid ; nis.Ov 
deceired. 61. Surv. Nairn atnd Moray, b. Ulunt ; 
unfeeling ; a secondary sense. Douglas. 0. Dull ; 
in relation to a maricet ; as, " a blaU fair." Ao«r. 
7. Hetaph. used as expressiTe of the appearance <if 
grass or com, especially In the blade. We mij, 
"ThatgraM is looking unco Uat<,** when the wuiii^u 
Is backward, and th<rv is no discernible growth, S. 
" A blait braiid,** aydes.— O. E. blaiU, silly, friToloun ; 
or in the same sense in which wo now h|)eak of a 
blunt reason or excuse. IhI. 6/aad-wr. Olautk-ur, 
6/aaui, soft The word seems to be primarily appUiil 
to thlnsH which are softened by mir.Hiurtr. Molliii. 
llmosus, maceratus. Hence used to sijcnifj wlut is 
feminine ; as opposed to kuatar, maMruliiie. Ital.v) 
signlAes, timid. Bleyde, MiftuesK, fear, sliame ; hug- 
6/ei7A, BoftnchS of mind ; Germ. 8». G. UodA, Beljr. 
6lood. mollis, timidus. 
BLAITLIE, adv. Bashfully, 8. 
BLAIT- MOUIT, a^. Bashful ; sheepish ; q. a>aiamea 

to open one's mouth. 
BLAITIE-BUM, t. Simpleton ; stupid felluw. Lynl- 
say. — If this be the genuine orthography, perhaps 
from Tent llaM, raniloquun ; or nither, t^it, 
sheepish, and 6omsie, ^mpanum. But it Is genv- 
rolly written Batie-lmm^ q. t. 
BLAIZE, «. A blow, Abenl. CkriMmnM Ba'ing.— 
Su. G. blaa$a ; Tout 5/aete, a wheal, a pa^ttule ; the 
effect being put for the cau^e. S. B. blrack. ^rn. 
BLAK qfthe EIE, the aiiple of the eye, S. R. Bruce. i 
BIAKWAK, i. The bittern. T. Brwter. 
BLAMAKING. «. The act of discolouriuj; or inaking 

lirid by a stroke, .^ftercl. Reg. 
BLAy, pret. Caused to cease. Oawan an I Col. It 
is, undoubtedly, the pret of blin.—\. S. Man. blann, 
BTAr^ClI, «. A flash, or sudden bluse : as, a blanch n' 
Ul^tning, Fife. This seems radically the mme with 
BLinc, Blixk. 
BLANCnART, adj. White, ^auraa atui Otd — Fr 
btane, blandtef Id. The name blanckoKriU is Klv«n to 
a kind of linen cloth, tlie jam of which has hi*cii 
twice bleaL'hc<l before it wus put into the lixim. Per- 
haps immi!d lately from Teut. blancke., id. and ami. 
Balg. aardU nature. V. Art. 
BLANCHE, s. A cerUin niutl« of tenure. " IV an h 
holding is gcn.'rally deflntnl to be, that iu wh.i'ii 
the vaiisal |iays a hmall dutj to the superior, iu full 
of all services, as an aclinowliMl^rf^ment of hi^) ripht, 
either in money, or In soine other Kul^i-ct, ah a 
penny monej, a pair of jrilt ^purH," kv. F.rnk. /nut. 
The term may have oriKiuate<l bom the Mil^btitiit on 
of ]iaymcDt In white, or silver munej, iiisteiul of a 
duty Iu the produce of the land, llcuce the phrsM.* 
Pre Blanche. 
DLANCIS, i. pi. Ornaments worn by tfios«* who n- 
prcMinted Moors in Uie Paf;fwut exhiliiw.Hl at Kdin- 
bunrh, IftPO. WaUon's Cull.—U not aliie<l to F.. 
bUine, whiti*. It may l>e a cognate of Gfnn. Sii. (i. 
blacfs, Irtl. Lies, sitruuin album In front«e<|ui ; whi-ncc 
E. bloMn, S. Bawsand, q. v. 
BLAND, s. IvMiie honourable piece of dress worn by 
knifrhts and meu of rank. Ma Wand Pormt — 
Blanda, according; to Bullet is a rolx* mbtniiNi with 
purple, a rolH* worn by grandet's. f^ti. (r. Olj/mit, 
Uiant, akinilof ]ireciouRfrarmentamongtheauicientH. 
which seems ti> Iwve been of silk. 
To BLAND, V. a. To mix ; to blend. Dougla*.—S>ii 
G. IsL bland-a, to mix. 

Rttif CtU^ear. Pto- 

to Iici»ldi7, irblch l( iiMallw Id mA -toA 

OrltlDHHUIotMSlL O, WOEME. f. lUlTU 

ra BLAST, >. H. 1, Ta put : ta brottlif bai 

S. SCoMlt. JeC— From Su. ' 
bloimed, meillD o( mixed con 
Td BLAKDKB, t, a. 1. To dU 

Tbl> l> Hid lobo bla<itlir>il. wl 
Flte. 2. TDlsbb1c:iDdliIii» 
twdiiUj u tcnila u lq|un Itie 

0wt. &. Tg UU (itsUlag vnni>, or UH )Rn 
l!u«a on tnj (ublHI ^ I* M<u( aiM. S.~< 
Waot-a. luipl've ; Qenn. Vuhh, lUn; U 

1. & X. £>] 

oora p.j«, we an « <b(*Iii( tm 

I TVi'nUkST.v.a. Talilnva|>vllhE«ipiiirt(t. J 
BLASTER,!- On(*bDl>ciBphi]«luMD« i^ 

BLANDISH, I. Tlia (nlD Ml uornt bj n 
napon, gsnorallj Id His (uttdihi dortng ■ kimji, 
Roxb. PeriugK q. ■'ma (nifrnl."— SB. U. Alaml, 
<M(HiA Inlei, beCwcrn. rnim Uawl-*, nilfctrc. 

a iU-tMBIieRMi ehlia, 8. i| 

Bl.AilDTI, nuUired ; nvlbol. Dunbar.— 

'^. MwuU, Id. Wawkr, u tMthc : lot. ilamtlrl. 
BLANURIH. t. A lanQ dinvulm. -"nid Enuiu 

BLANE.!. AEiiukl«f(bTairgui>ai>lK> 

BLANKRT, t. MsDlDg iJauMful; pcrtupi, wlaQn. 

laUiiie. T. Blsi Bluiit. 
BLAKDIT, paH oJJ. Sboit-vliidn] ; UoVeo-irlndei]. 
EUt. t<v.—\. a. MiKKn. txmBiUer : or tnm Uav-a*. 

ra BLARX, t. n. Tr> erj ; ilw b> bl4t. T. Bui it. 
BLARNBV. 1. Acuiurm. ippUtdbDlblontrTdluiu 

lumUoD uiil u> tbUKrT— Fr. lalfHnu, ■ lie, Bb. 

ri»; (Ik, alHtlilillOlt. or lillcdlusDnnv." CnWr. 
n> BLART, a. ■. lb Marl dam .- lo In 

1 BLATE. ii4'. BubCul. T. BuiT. 

BLATINE^I. SbeepUhlUH S. Ik SiUaO. 
. BLATBLT. a^. Apgdltd ti> tmln ItiAl l> Mf 

■Dd diloUng llijiKK. 8 />J(*ni'l iVtuu- 
ndKanjrUwMOuvltbp'ajik, (nm Qqnu. 

BUTURIE. <>U' KsuHiiiual , fWlldi, J(. J 

BI^TTtn, 1. 1. A ntaiat imai, B. Bmmi 
Udkihci uIMis] 0101 tltlfH* uul mpM 
JuKfuar*-— !«■• btaitr-an . TaiH. Uolvus 

F BUirCtlT. lutf. PilcMWld. fMKn^Vta.. 
Woe, Uaa ,- Sn. O. AM. Iil UM-r. B. Aladk^ 

L rsBLACD,**. Tomili'ot, AtMri. T. IClaI 
> BLAVBR, Blitiu, t. TIip Fom-mulc, BmB. 

(Ire llig ane Bum U Uig (IdM. V. BuvoK 
BLADOH, a4f. or B blolib or ilclilr ealma^ 
tpi>*'™UT ><>* ■»« irlUi a*ai>cU, q. T. 

"'"ING, BLinao, 1 Blmrlnc. OamsM mm 
. B. blffvu, ^jrikum. InKdiu catiBn, 

«-«, Kolerc Slav t* iMd IB lUlK* 

llBtlnc W ika MBOiac)!, 8, i>lait|>, " Thlii. poor : 
BLASMT, ■>(/, Ptri>*r>- ■■>»■ bald, wlUioDl 

iBLAW, i>. Vtr^y 
a llwnl MKK nhr 
—4. 8. Mov-cBi. Ill 

t To I 

alwiILB. Kia* ■ttw I"" 


ntilluNvw, or to»aMM»f. wlinlllii Inmvl, bgi' 

«i^ u bloK . oibiiU-m. rulKunn, bMk •cpH'tiillr 
■ hen iMmflianlM bf llfilitaluf, man gtnenllr pro- 
dudBF Ikli eB«(. 1. Tbf |<«rt, MmuA alKnlleii ibo 
■uig ot «» «D Kiiaiii iBUulcaUiig liquor btrtu to 


SLKrfEHT, UijrriiitT, i. 1. A •udUen iiiit tl 
S. A xiuOI. (cDenll/ mDierlDg lh« Idea ot 

hoDiimlllTlulliS. KHOtrfitnl.—liil.Jtim.iniiLii, 
nrmcD lUiuHnm. HitHM^'af-a. lUauiio, jliii - 
ni«» talUM. a. ADd*. f. T< : 89. 0. ;Ii»h^ 

loMs>ifM«H.uiiilHia<r-bqM>l», V. Buil.UK, 
ULSri-irHHIttV, t. Tdn lBU(lMUDDh & 
UUtUAHl), BLiuuD, iMj. Kir 7VW,— "BlM, (mil 

I. BliiU, r)' As arHpilnii 
■Hbjwl, IB vhlcb Uie tfotrntv- 

IS •xea w (MM llf» Wngr#4 d< 

BLBIBIK, >. A IlK r ■ Ik 
Uiian mwil M Htmr, or M 
DLKIRtE. atj- A uru mpv 

ULRIKU, Dlkiiiii, r, I 

dfr-vl.liqu.'rtu.lqu'llrfe.lftte.i. WcL T™t- 

vllti a plon at butXi pat Into lli> hhmi Uiuta. , 

To BUBKB. >. n. 1 To hlun 1 Tr> raaks ■ Rml 

»bow, « lu o.wnUtluiu ouloij, sn aoj »iihj«>, 8. 

nailt. Pntah]} allied to 111. Mm, xm. M «<|l- 

ajn™ au«. JMBv. 

Btllr applied In llijtilde HI aaKI-l h; Ihc air w H 

BLEBZB. >. A IIhIj Arc mtde bf meau of rane. 

Ion Ihalr Diunl UKe. V. Biuiic, >. 

,o.-,*=„fl. ««.. v.n«... 

BLeittltfO, pw(, pa. Bltflna Baa. /«-«rt.- 

Ta BLIEEK, > a. 7H*lw« aiHtr. W DukaU fl^oK 

Thl< H^n. 10 be >h* Ml>. a dUaa la bna 

Id Bunt aadJtnl]'. B. J^af aauy, itdod- Old 

0Iilrl>W nu)' '■prise the eSKt of pam In BaKlB) 

th* iwi^ui worr 0.11. -Tein. W««», bean. andn. 

BIJUIKB, ., Alw B/ iitnd. a .oMm blurt. arpUcd 

oDlTMidiTWiad, Flf>. Taut. Usa. lUtiu. 

DtililDB. nflMu.—Thl* K Uh lane via Uiar. «. 

To fILKBXI om', or airajF, ■. i>. To mKonaile ; U 

Do1]> iwd In th. pi. Ibre BmUdne » Maar^piA 

fjnoD, B. A. nc PinU. AlMi. WttHut; Bu, «. 


Ma«-a ; T-ul. btaat*, Um, 'plnn. 

B1.KI3, BiiB, BiAt, BLnta. t 1 Haie: hrt|ki 

1I1.KEZB.M0NKV. BuruhBrLtii, .. The (tnttmij 

flaiiif, B. B. JJorihw I. A tonh. » Jl«»<a(- 

A. 8. Uonf, hi, utda, ■ torch. uflHInf lhatBI»e< 

wlicu ho or ihg who «!**> dbM 1> prwlalmtd IiIiik of 

abli>u,Sa.a. «loii, Id. BOBD. a. AdfiulBal* 

i,a«a. u-1 I* at ontfir olillintlofl u la- 

br Bra. a. It 19 ,uu u«d m ihn .ea- m «*• 

a btnllawaond tmin the opponil* eMe. 

M aBjlhiuj Ibal make a bUtr; appirenUj bocau-w 

BLEia.i. TbenuicriTenlaarlTer-lhh. SUoM — 

Thii K.O..W be Khu IB B. I> allied /fi«t.Cnni>M 


BLBBZV. lU-iHiK, f. A duU fluna ar bla». aHUr 

BLEKK, (. Slain 01 lni*rtcTt1nn. KfHL PiAtfi 

Ibo wcee .iih E. Wart. t. u deauUut u; ipM d 

black : ot ttoB A. B. Mode .- Ul. blab, liqaar tlaeW- 

aiKKfU. o<*y RaBwl ot auAt rough ; tuthMl.-rr 

DLKKKIT. L<,«d B). St. AodM.. p »«. ..pL U 

Mek^ta. hi. (allinv, Aeelper*. 
ULKLLDM, (. An Idle, talking tt 
,BHI.>.<>. Tobloom, l-bl 

BLENCH CANK. Cant or ilutf paid to ■ wptiM 

■PpaRDtlj wiulraltui to 1. QiMCnal. 4iX» .fa. n 
V, Cin. 
Bl.BNOUBD HlUt. Bklraned milk, a UMU Knnd 

BLENOIl'MPPKn. f«rt a4f White-noDlh^— Tl 

tlwM. tlowM vblln 
BI JtKDIT BBAB. £Mr or Mj mitnt vlita haHrf. I 

AST. Siirv. Pvb. 
Th HLKMK, Bliri, k. a. t. To open llie tjirn. t la 

iloea rnua a iluoibei. S. Jtsrkwr. 1 To MM 




''ifllMIMe of lifdit," 8. Sir J. StndaH^t Obun. 
f lU. Mimst. Bard. 3. Hence tmniferred to the 
fcMHf t lidliience of the imjs of the •nn, espedftlly 
ti a eold or eloody day. Thas It Is conunon to fpeak 
flf - a «mrm ftltfae," *' a ekar Utiil;,'* 8. i8»r /. 5Jn- 
cM^. 4. Applied to the momentaiy om of borrowed 
Itkt : ai. •* Gie bo a blink if a cuidle," gWe me the 
■e of a eandle for a moment, 8. 5. A wink, the 
tnof winkinf ; at times denoting contempt or deri- 
doa. Amtiq^mrj. 8w. hlinka ; Belg. MiU-ea, to 
■;ek. d. A gleam of prosperity, daring adrerrity. 
6jdKiij/t. 7. Also transferred to a glance, a stroke 
«f ihc eye, or traasieot riew of any object ; the Idea 
Mag boirowod, either from the qwck transmisBlon 
if the imyi of light, or from the ahort-liTed influence 
ef the Mm when the sky U much obscured with 
doals, 8. DomifloM. S. A kindly glance ; a transient 
liaaee ozpresi&Te of regaid, 8w Bunu. 9. The con- 
iiTJatioas of the Spirit, accompanying the dlspensa* 
t«a of the gospel. Waikrr'i Remark, PauafftM. 
U. A Booeat. " im not stay a Uink," I will return 
■■iiliolilj In a blink. In a moment, 8. Ramsay. 
U. Improperly, a Utile way, a short distsnce ; as, 
" A blink beyond Balweary," Ac. Jacobite Relim.— 
In. G. blink, ceaonblinkf is a gUnce, a cast of th« 
cfc. oeoli nictos : Oenn. 6f idr, Belg. Mile, oogenltlik, 
id. ; the twinkling of the eye, a moment 
ILCrBHAW, «. A drink compo^d of meal, milk, 
Ef. 4c., Scrathmore. Fr. blandu con, q. whitlbh 

Tt BLZNT up, 9. n. The son Is said to blent up, that 

is. to shine after the sky has been oreitast, Loth. 
T9 BLEST Fir€j v. a. To flash, Fife. These are both 

formed txom Blent, the old pret. of the v. to Blink. 
BU5T, pret. Glanced, expressing the qnldc motion 

9t the eye. Oawan and (rol.— Perhaps allied to 8u. 

G. Higa, Uia, intentis oculls upiccre, q. btigcnt. 
BLZVr. «. A glance. Dov^os. 
ILDiT, pret. X^nt, as applied to sight, Kin^i Quair. 

— Feihapb from A. S. Ucnf, the part, of A. 8. blend- 

ic«. eai'cai^, used in a neuter sense ; or from A. 8. 

Utmn-an^ cessare, whence blind, deflciens. 
ILI5TKR. t. 1. A boisterous, Intennltting wind. 

A. ZPonffla^a Poems. 2. A flat stroke, Fife.— A. 8. 

Utwend, bUowend, the part pr. of Maw^n, bleow an, 
. to biow : bUivmg, flatus. 
s. A piece or Blad; perhaps erxat forafteZf. 

It u fn tt/ ri^s. 
Ti BIXT II EB, Blatbse, v.n. 1 . To speak Indistinctly ; 

to s&uamer, 8. ; pron. l\ke fair. 2. To talk nonsense. 

I. To prattle. 8. — Su. G. btadir-a ; Germ, plauderm, 

te prattle, to chatter, to Jabber; Teut. blater'tn, 

swlse loqal ; Lat Uoter^re, to babble ; Sw. pladr-o, id. 
lUETHEBL, BLATflia, s. Nonsense; foolish talk, 8. ; 

often n»cd in pi. Bums. HamilUm. 
7* BLZTIIER, BiaxBBa, BiabDKa, «. a. To talk 

Maamsically, 8. Ramsay. 
BLITHEBAKD, part, l^bnlun.— Allied, perhaps to 

Te«L Uat^-fn, blatter-tn, proflare fsstum, gioriari. 
lUTHEREB. s. A babbler, 8. Gl. Herd. 
kUTHKBING, s. 1. Nonsense; foolish language. 

X Smamering, 8. ** 8lammering Is caUed bUtkerinff," 

GL Besd. 

, To looirUew, to seem disconcerted. Itoonreys 
tk« idea of astonishment and uf gloominess, 8. 
is Id ttc Pl^.— BUw, 8. Is often sjnon. with 

To pvUUh ; to propagate, Ayrs. ; 


To BLTAUTB, v. n. To blow, Bochan. 

DLIBE, M. The mark of a stroke. Taylor's S. Poems. 
y. Blob, Blab, sense 2, also Dlttb. 

BLIGSAM, (ffutt.) s. A contemptuous designation 
for a person, Pertha 

BLIGHEN, Bligbah iffuit.), s. 1. A term often applied 
to a person of diminutiTe sise ; as, " lie's a pair 
blickan," Loth. 2. Applied also to a lean, worn-out 
animal ; as, " That's an auld blickan o* a bva^tt," a 
soiry horse, one neariy unfit for work of any kind, 
Dumf^. 8. A spark ; a lirely, showy youth, Loth. 
4. A harum-scarum fellow ; synon. Battleskull, 
Lanaiks. 5. A worthless person, Dumfr. Perhaps 
derired from E. 3b blioht, which is probablj ftom A. 
8. blie^in, fulgere, as denoting the elTect of lifrhtning 
in blasting regetable substances. — G. B. bychan, 
signifies puny, diminutire ; Teut bliek, is umbn, Ac. 

BLIGHER, s. A spare portion, Eltr. For. 

BLIGllT, adj. An epithet expressive of the coruscation 
of armour In the time of action. Hmtlate.—A. 8. 
btie-an, coroscare ; Meet, coruscatus ; Alem. bledket ; 
Germ, blidxt, splendet 

DLTBE, Bltid, €ulj. The pronunciation of blitht^ 
chcerfUl, in Fife and Angus.— 8u. G. blid ; la\. 
blid^r; Alem. blid; Belg. blyde, hilaris. The £. 
word retains the A. 8. form. 

BLIERS, s. pi. The eye-lashes, Aberd. ; also Briers. 

BLIFFART, s. A squall, Ac. V. Blbffrbt. 

To BLIGUTE5, v. a. To blight. Jlfaj:we7r« Sel. 

To BLIN, Blts, Bltbb, v. n. To cease ; to desist, 8. ; 
also blind. Wallace. — A. 8. blinn-an, cessare, contr. 
from bilinn-an, id. In Isl. ami Su. G. it occurs in 
Its simple form, Iian-o, alao, lind-a, id. 

7b BLIN, v. a. To cause to cease. CKroa. S. Poet. 

ULIND-BELIj^ t. A game formerly common in Ber- 
wicks. in which all the players were lioodwiuked, 
except the person who was called the Bdl. lie 
carried a bell, which he rung, still endeavouring to 
keep out of the way of his hoodwinked partners iu 
the game. When he was taken, the person who 
seised him was released from the bumlaffc, and got 
possession of the bell ; the bandage being Innsferred 
to him who was laid hold of. 

BLIND-BITCU. A bag formcriy UAcd by millers, Ettr. 
For. The same with Black Bitch, q. v. Hogo. 

BLIND BROdE. Brose without butter ; said to be tio 
denominated from there being none of tho«e small 
orifices in It that are called ejes, and which appear 
on the surface of brose which has butter in its com- 
position, Roxb. 

BLIND-GOAL, t. A species of coal producing no flamo, 
Lanarks. Apr. Surv. Ayrs. In difffrrnt lan^'uasrc.s 
the term blind denotes tlie want of a property which 
an object seems to pcssess ; as, Germ, blind fenttar, 
Su. U. blinJfoentter, E. a blind window, 8a. G. 
Uinddoer, a blind door, Ac. Bald's Coal Trade. 

BLIND HARIE. BlindmanVbuflT, 8. Ifrrd. Belly- 
blind, synon.— In the Scandinavian Julbock, from 
which this sport seems to have oriKinatc<], the 
{•rincipal actor was disguised in the skiu of a buck or 
goat. The name Blind Harie might therefore arise 
from his rough attire ; as he was called blind, in 
conseiiuence of being blindfolded. Or it maj signify, 
Blind Master, or Lord, in ironical language. V. 

BLIND MAN'S BALU or DeviVs Snvff-kox. Common 
puir-ball. 8. V. Flor. Suec. Liekt/oot.^lt is aliio 
called Blind man*s een, l.e. eyes, 8. B. An idea. 

juiwrdifif to Una,, pRvmUi ttarau^Dqb tbt vtmtfl a 
Swfideii, cbkt the dvit ol thl« pLuit amu MffidfKCf - 

Sdnir-bor, Aoih. 

liriQ Id Bliadmin't-buir. Rub. 
BLINU TAH. A buiulle of rnKi B»de up lij lemhU 

Abcnl. SjnDn. I>uiit rwn, 
BL?NI>1T. pret. BItDded, Oawm aifl flal, 
UUNDLINS. Ddhrukub, oda. lUiJag IhE er^i 

diHi wi^uif ■■ It hs Her* UlDil, fl. i>(W0liu 
(lEmi. Du. Misdlfiwi, Id, V. Lnoit. 
BUNDS, f. pi. The PORgg, or Hlllor-i Tbomb, ■ A 
Cotliu CUaphnclu. Linn. Won of 9. SUtUI, * 
— fsibspt It ncejia Ibli dum bBWUc lu c;« 

c. n. Tr> ibnl ■ leebli, gllmmerlDg lie 

iLVPE, I. A tm-t.; ■ nhrnl^ ipplled W the iklo, 
tthicb U wid u Domt oO in WiUxi. •ben It p«li in 

hnpi nilKnll; tbe •um'wIUi J>ln». q. T. oi ■ dlllcreDl 

pian. at m<i9>. 
ILVPE. t. A itnlis or Mcnr. St. Falrirt. 
Hi BUBT, >. n. To nuikca nulH Id vccplng; 1007. 

ItlsgvnviKtlf JolanlvIttaOral. To U>n and «tki, 

I.e. tg buiH uul »a7lD(, S. £rUy. 3. It li ibiD 

vrcpln^, ^n Ihfi ■ppeonuH.'fl of tht «^» fcrid 
"Bli«'«»' Wirurf m' grestlog,' 

t *.». . 

■um, It blut s( viud. E. blitrx, HUH M In <rl(l- 

BLVre, I. A lilMi of litd ■oUur : a a^Uw *anr, 

Lotli. S;doii. SI«I. 
r« BLTTKB, •- 0. To tmrnur. Abcnl. Fwi m. 

Myter-(. rarT'U V. BicDDim. BLcrBH. 
Ito HUTUi; Blttu, >. a. TamUiflid. ITaUMa. 

*. 8. MiMi-biH. luiui ; Al>in. UiAtn. sbotan 

llDt pcrtiapi. our T. It immeilliul; funaid tnoi Oa 

Ito OLIKK, t. «. 1. Tob«wn= .LtUtB.iri.leni. 

UHil With MBptct 10 mUk or beer. S. Bitot, urnon. 

Ihe hU. iUell, ilyO. Mf Id t ne-l not mj. Uul lUi 

Chr.Kirk, 3. UeUph. (ppUedlavti^tliTleiredii 

tbe eBrct Of Piipil fnBiiuioe. WaOrtr'i Btmart. 

» life deliruj. TayloriS. I'-a-u. 

Pti-aga. S. TotM UinkU. U> be hBlf-dnmli, FLfe. 

To BLITKEN, .. 0. To amkt gM. Ajn, a OO- 

t. TgtfMiHMt.lobe bswltcbctd. Ba.O. N<ia<fc.a.- 

Aai«, V. &,,T« 

BLlTTBtt-BLATTEK. A rWIIloe. lm,0l» m1>, 

Ia> Uit effect of nuklDg liquids Kor ^ or u denutlDg 

BLYVARB, P.rbtp> for flrylA-. oion chMdl, 

lb BLINK, ., a. 1, To 41.»Jt a (OB, to piv the oule 

Jill "Ith hor. Jlft. Glis*. iyoon. Boeder, 1, To 

BL¥WEST.«(;,. lolbe.npoA H^IaU-- Blrb**. 

Irleh ; 10 deceive :n nidi. Abeid. Tarrai'i Paani. 

nou Hierij," 01. Fe(b*|>>itniluirivftnioeDlani 

BUNK,.. H.(i£.tt«Mi«*,togi.elheiUp, Abeid. 

q, the pileM. 

T- BLIZIKH. ., «, I)>o.v),l 1. Hid 10 l« Uuwita*, 

ULINKEO,!. a llnlT, eogigiDi firt, Boib. Id Gl. 

when Ibe alnd pucliit uid wltlun Uii Irutu •( Ibt 

W Burnt It ll Bfd to be > Unn of ciiotlinpt. 

eMlli. S. B-Bn-O. WoM.-Oe™ Na««; A.B. 

BLINKER, 1. A per«n wbo it bllBd of one eje, S 


Jlfloto-Lld. lueu^OI. 

BLOB, Bub, 1. Aajthini lamU or dteolar. R V 

BLINNVNO, yort. pr, W- iri«.B»n,i. ifoifloiul 

A mil elota or huSMeof wr IMoM. AoOnte. 

DLOBBtr. ]wl. p». Blotu4, 
4cti /a 1. 

■od BltrAirin: BtIA wul 
huO cDUfb, Porhapft from 4i 

>\. BIXICK, >. a. 1. To plan; I 
To bvuda. %. To tieb»i!> 

re It ■ pnper f. 
, *0. T. ftmi 

T, a. I. The Uut lOMIlilld In (BOBBiitMlBI 
vllHl, AUrd. 3. h bbnr; ■ itrolie. Acg. 
Bluffil It lb* Urm iukI Id lUi KnK, 
: which mnj be «Ulod B inM»a. 

a4j. HAvluf 4 lu^ had, u^ 
iwEOtHBlal vlltalliiiipptiimoeestitiilauatiTlDtdlwI. 
S, ; p«rhftp» froni E, AInJT' 
BLITID. Dlcdi, i. DlDoil. a. Rai Rny. 
DLinv-RUN, act), Dlsodihol. 8, flkel-nH, Ahtnl. 

Bunnr-riifoitBa, t. n<, dudc (jtren m ids rm- 

llUiXi 0«11u«(T, Alt 

ouM klmoM 

• llleml nnlin 

I, II ll OUol /llBtT*llI. 

II. the coterlDH of Olv Onger ; Bv, Jltfh^JkdKrpnteu- 
BLUniVBIT, BMiiDim a, t. A Hoe |ial<l far sffuilon 
or MnaU. SUne. A». Jfiv* — A- B. M>hIh«e, pro 

BLUTTEIt. Bi-irTm, i. A coniie, clumi 

fallaw, Lotb. 
To BLDITEH, >. n. 1. Tomalie (nlmhl 

bluR.B. 3. niMuiecrigi «llh MUti. 

much, a, 9. To btaUttf to potir forlb 

« BOA 

SLCi,f. bid. ■'flMd," 

•hnuMba^ltu. V. Ftor 
7\iULD8U, i.o. Ta clul 

BLUSH.f l.«(lB4(>(l««MI>(«r. ■ AMI. 

Mom, • WUet ; Teu. WavibT. irf Ihe bb> t> 
BLUBBtN. I. A pulole. anck u Ihav at tbi 

poi. foil of maus, ftwi^. 
TV< DLDSTKU, n. d. To tU^gm lD mRIV. . 

n> KLirraEB, >. «. Ta blel 



Phlegm ; M, " *>ial > Mm 

laaelt f" whil ■ qoanalr of pB 

1, rigunllTelr. ttaihy, IM 

Df a llalulatii duertfUott, 


loteaUnes, S. 3- Ap^fim 
1 llqiiM >Ule. Cl^ana. 
ibUunti ; applied nsl odI] 

Uaed a> tptm, irlUi Sh. Itot, A 

niher. No i 

.- KeUf . 

IB 1.T aoj Itnputttlea 

n> BLCHE, >. 

BLONYIKRD, f. ADottlnmorai 

Ettr. Vat. 
rr>BLnNK,». a, Ts ipall ■ thini 

bulDMS. 8. Hence, 
BLUNKIT, Bu»aJT. nai. pa. 

01. aibb. 

BI.USK, I. "A iluU, I1td»> p 

Abird. Pirbapa tiom lU. Nine 

taMJad fellow. 
BLUKKS, 1. ji. Calwa ar Hdcb cIoUu which an 

iriwii^t )« belBt prlaled ; oilcan, 9. 
Bl.nNKEK,). OuewbopTlnliclHh.S. aavMnmurlne, 
BLURKST. t. R»p'- '"Pale blue; p»thap» any faint 

w tadiHl calant.q. UanAnl.' aibb. Sir Oamm 

Bl.Vtn. I. A nnpM (klbnr, Itoib. 

Bl.CNT. lutf. SUlFI<ed, hare, nakHl. J}«u7l«.~-Tlila 

■HDi to be nullsallj Ihi laais villi Bletd. q. t, 
BLmTIB, DLDKn, : A jnHellM. a Hupld fdlmr, B. 

J^HTH TtDt. N»tf«^ homa tlolldu, abduiM ID- 

. . ifforvanl anrihlnf Isjurtvw 

chanoter, Thli iranl appqari u !■« Uw m 
Iha B. tw or Ima. Died to iidla lanor 1 M 
to Teal, AdHia, lAtn, qiectraiii, u Tail M M I 
a bobgobllu. 
BOAKIB, (. A fpriU, a bnlceMIs, Ab*>d. I 
Mar*. 6»I;f(. ttl. it/Hi. Mti, Mr (IU4I( M 
Seiu. to ^uiMnli hda la Ike nam* at n wl 

, BUAL. Bo LI, I. 


A p^iforauaa ihra 

BAur-noLi, J. A perfonuton In 
•fiiOD. CuNlsIf, S T. BOKit 
BOABBTBEIB, ) 1.1. A Urm ■ 





8.;eyi«dlaa. » 


\ «. Ab «l»b«rwl, 8. A. 

«. A javl, or hmU boftt* & ; trldMitty a 

Bab, «. «. 1. To d«aet, & flmL t. To 
',8. '^WbaDahtoAmboiiheteMa.'* ^tiM 


1. A trandi ; osad m ijboii. wldi «m^ 8. 
1^ r^Mit. 2. Tbe «iM woid, proBOODced 
tot a boDdlo of flovera, a noMsij, 8. 
.— Yr. teftc, a tanch ; laL te*6«, a 

a bott, SL ; olthor q. a imaU bvnch 
or, from tbo aemt of tiio S. «. 
Bf to atriko ai. 

k. teBBt^ a ieoa; 8. B. Boci; — Tkat ftoA6-«m 
: 111. towfii <teM«, otoonrqHnm, oltetos, 
(lo bark) caaoD rox oat ; 8a. O. teftfl^ Mnno 

BiB»w, «. la fly-flahiiif , tho book vbtdi 

lO JtIy on tbo sarflwe of die water, as dlstin- 

froB tbe CraOcr, at tbe extremity of tbe line, 


t. A giaadlktber, 8. B. Bum, Perhaps 
vblcb 8bav reoden '* Papa.** 
indeed, the root; h and p 
ittj interebanffed, espedalljin tbe Celtic 

■KB. A fawrillar or lodicRHis derignation 
» the Deril, 8. 

«. A vearef's qnin, Ittr. For. Sjnon. Pirn, 
htkint, a qoill for a qiinning-wbed. 
, t. 1. Tbe teed-pod of btrcli. Loth. JTver- 
1. Bobbjni, ft. Tbe bunch of edible liga- 
to tbe stalk of Itadclarlocfcs, a species 
I, eaten bj both men and cattle ; Focos 
tas, Linn. Meams. — Fr. fttiboit, a great bunch, 
k «. nie vater4ilj, 8. B. Bobbint are pre- 
m aood-ressds. T. Cabbib-leap. 
«. A sloreal J fellov, Ajrrs. Pidum, 0. B. 
id., boMffd, slorenlj. 

A barrel or cask. Ad. Dom Qme. T. 

■d, Waiaoa*8 ColL IL 26. T. BOM. 

«. B. To Tomit T. Bob. 
0OD« s. A ^tting, or tbnming op of Mood. 

A penoo of mBaU siae, a tenn genemllj ap- 
uuif bat eeotemptiioiulj, to one who is 
I, altbomh of fan age, 8. Pi€km, 

A personal inritatlon ; distinguished from 
nd, wbicb denotes an inritstion bj means of 
or a messenger, Upp. Clydes. A. 8. bod-^am, 
tf«r a ssennge.** 8cBmer. 
led as a common prorerbial phxase, in regard 
Ung in which one has not succeeded on a 
ftttcaqA; ** TO begin," or "TU set about it, 
I, Mcwskod;'' 8. It U doubtful whether tod 
be Tlewed in tbe sense of boden, prepared ; it 
Atf mtber tbe s. tode, and may mean, I will 
a new proffer, as beii^ set out to tbe best ad- 
I. VOfbaps a kind of bone-Biaifcet Jockey 

perhaps flesh'coloar, q. 
bC ttw bodj. D^fted. on lAs Clan 

2. A hollow, a 

Tallej. AsBfios. t. The seat la the huBma bodj; 
the hips ; as» *'81t stiU on your toddMm tbore."— 
Alem. todesft, Ckrm. Belg. ftodm, solum, fundus. 

BODDUM-LTSK. A designation giren to a lafge trout 
because it keeps at the bottom, Duuifr. ; qmon. 

BOBl, s. A portent; that which forebodes, Ajrs. 
GaU. — ^Isl. tod, msndstnm, bod-a, nuntiare, and so 
on in the cognate dialecta Hence tbe oompound 
terms, A. 8. ybrebod-an, pmenuntlare ; 8u. G. ybre- 
tod-B, to foretoken, B. Jbr^bode; Isl. /^rib^dan, 
omen ; Teut. eeB^•tode, praenundus et prsessgium ; 
SBch omens being viewed as communicated by a 
messenger from the world of spirits to giro prsTions 
warning of some important erent. 

BODl, Boo^ f. 1. An offer made in order to a baigaln, 
a proffer, 8. Bamtajf. 2. It is sometimes used to 
denote the price asked by a render, or the offer of 
goods at a certain rsto. Antiquary. —Q^rm. bot, id. 
from biet-tm^ to offer. IsL 6«d, a proffer, fhmi 
biatkro, offerre, ezbibere, praebers. 

BODl,t. Delay. SirMffHr. 

To BODl, V. n. To proffer, often as implying tbe idea 
of some degree of constmint. *' He did na sMrely 
offer, but he todsd it on me,** 8. 

BODBABLI, a4f. Marketsble ; anything (br wbicb a 
tods or proffer may be expected, Ittr. For. 

BODBN, pmH. pck. Preferred. 

BODBN, pmH. pa. Proffered. T. Bona, «. 

BODBN, Bonix, Bosth, pmH. pa, 1. Prepared, pro- 
Tided, furnished, in whatorer way, 8. Acta Ja. I. 
WtU-bodm or <U-tode», well or iU prorided, in 
whaterer respect, 8. 2. It seems to be used in one 
instance, in an oblique sense, as signifying matched. 
T. Bom. Hartottr.^Su. O. to, lal. to-«^ to pre- 
pare, to proTide ; wad bodd, well prorided against 
the cold. 

BODOEL, t. A little amn. Loth. ; perhaps, properly, 
bodid. Y. BoD. 

BODY. 9, Strength, bodUy ability. Bortowr. A. 8. 
bodi§ not only signifies the body in general, but 

BODDE, BoDT. 8. 1. A little or puny person ; as, He's 
but a 6odie, 8. 2. Also used in a contemptuous sense; 
especially when preceded by an ck^'. conreylng a 
similar idea. Spalding. 

B0DIB8, t. pi. A common designation for a number 
of children in a family or school ; as, " Ane o* the 
bodiea is no weel,'* one of the children is ailing. 

* BODILY, ode. EnUrely ; as, " If s taen away today.** 
not a restige of it remains ; q. the whole tody is re- 

BODT-LIKB, adv. In the whole extent of the cor- 
poreal frame, Angus. Spalding. 

B0DT-8BBTANT, t. A ralet ; one who immediately 
waits on his master. (Ttiy ifann«rtn(7. 

BODLB, BoooLB, s. A copper coin, of the ralue of two 
pennies Scots, or the third part of an English half- 
penny. Aidd.— These pieces are said to hare been 
denominated from a mint-master of the name of 

BODWORD, BoDWABT, BoDwoana, s. 1. A messsge, 
S B. WaUact. 2. A prediction, or some old saying, 
ezpres^ng the fate of a person or family. Marriage. 
— A. S. todo, a messenger, and word. Su. G. Isl. tod- 
word is edlctom, mandatum. T. Bona, a portent. 

BOBTINOS, Burnaos, $. pi. Half-boots, or Isathem 
spatterdashes. Dunbar.— Teut. tolsn sotosn, oatoeus 
rusticus e cmdo corio ; Klllan. 




c TheactoTNtohlnff, 8. OalL 

Bopecp, a gaiiM. The woid i« now in- 

•«GoRfter teeth,** OU 8iM». Maitlmd 

9. ». 1. Te fv^ In a literal 
9. Trantferred to the mind, m 
•Me, oourace, wrmth, Ac JNtteottie. 
rLDsai, j«r<. jKk avelled.— This U loAeiied 
I. IWiwrrIm, fl Often in the jiref. And jiarf. 
n A«l«y<. avella, (Dong. ▼.) and M«y«. 
rhetber these are oontr. from boUtkmjfM, 
in another form, more neerly 
O bmlnr^ Dan. ta^nar. Bo. O. 
Id. bol^nm, nrollen. Hence UL 
a. bolfiia, a bUIov.; becenae it ia rmiaed 
id ; and telda, a hoU, a tomour. Gael. 
» nrell, tmilff, a bUater. 
iqnare apcrtore, Ac T. Boal. 
boll ; eorreapondlng to teana. JPbrdiia. 
; tanraa, from baml-a; So. .0. bod-a, 
enee alao, baaU, mqfitni. 

A evelllns that becomee a pimple; the 
B apaa , Roxb. 

LAYBS^ Nipplewort, an heib, S. B. lap- 
•aaia» Linn. — Perhaps flrom Isl. hdg^ 

Sn. O. bolpimm, svoUen, q. "nrelUng 
t beii^ aupp o e e d bj the rnlgar in 8. to be 
in fcmoTlnc avelUngs. 
«. a. To laj tack aboard. Mainland 
'. Fr. 6elt»«r, to lail bj a wind, or dote 

itevd BoO. ▼. Bow. 
•C Perhapa, knocked on the head. — ^Belg. 

; Teat. Aealt/e, snppliciam, tormentum. 
t. A coUager. Orkn. Statist Aec—Ver- 
So. O. laL bolf Tilla, and inaa, q. the in- 
r a Tillage. It la always pronoonced bovh 

A booea, a waterman's pole. DovgUu. — 
)•», Bclf;. boomy a tree. 
t. Swelling. HauTfmme. T. Boloih. 

r. BOLOW. 

That part of a m!U in whiehthe axletree 

ff. Peibaps, thunder ; thanderstonn, Ajrs. 
IK, i. An hert>. ihe roots of .which taste 
ke licorice ; perhaps the Astmgalus gly- 
at Linn. Upp. Clydes. 
, s. Bombesin ; a staff. AetsJa. VI. 
t. Baszii^ noise ; metaph used for boast- 
warL — ^Teut temsiele, a drone. 
L, s. A spar of a larger kind. 8a. G. bom 
bex, rectis. a bar or spar for a gate, or for 
n ; Teat, ftooa^ Germ, bourn, id. 
Perhaps a cooper's instrument, q. wimble. 


LB, «. a. To woi± confusedly, Ayrs. 
T. BviniiL,.^. 

rowed, befired ; " He that trusts to bon 
wiU have his land lye Usy," S. Pror.— lal. 
is aoceptio, mendicatio ; Su. G. boen, preces. 
e^apa. B. boon. 

ffanatly, bane, injury. WaUaee. 

BD^ a 1. Agreement, amity. 2. A term 

■— to bavi» been fonnerly used by way of 

•4 ami^ and kindneis. Spald- 

f ttM town's arms, by which 

term Aberdeen is fondly named by her lona— Fr. 
ftoa, good, and aeeord^ agreement. 
B0NALAI8, BowAiua, BomiAiLua, t. A drink taken 
with a fHend, when one is about to part with him ; 
as expressire of one's wishing him a prosperous 
Journey, 8. ITaliace —It is now generally pron. 
ftoaoiUie, 8. Bonalait might seem to be the piur. 
But perhaps it merely retains the form of fr. Bom 
BONDAGE, BoncAOi, $. The designation giren to the 
aerrloM due by a tenant to the proprietor, or by a 
oottager to the farmer, Angus. Affr. Svrv. Kineard, 
BONDAT WARBLIS. The time a tenant or Tassal is 

bound to work for the proprietor. T. BoiiVAoa, t. 
BONE, t. A petition, a prayer Douolas. O. E. id. 
IsL ftoea, precatto, oratio ; 6oon, petitio, gratis ao- 
oeptio, mendicatio, G. Andr. A 8 fren, 6ene, id. 
BONSTT, «. "A small sail, fixed to the bottom or 
sides of the great sails, to accelerate the ship's way 
in calm weather." Gl. Compl. D(mola*,—Jt. Urn- 
tutte^ Sw. 6one^ id. 
BON-GRACE, t. 1. A large bonnet worn by femalea 
2. A coarse straw-hat, of their own manufacture, 
worn by the female peasantry, Boxb. Ouy Mamner' 
BONIS, Bomra, Bovxr, a^. 1. Beautiful, pretty, B. 
Maitiamd Poemt. BonitMt, most beauUfui. ifoa^ 
0om«r<e. 2. It is occasionally used ironically, in the 
same way with E. pretty, & Printa of Peblit. 8. 
Precious, yaluable. Jlirutrdijf Border. Bonny is 
used in the same sense by 8hakspeare, and since his 
time by some other E. writers. But I suspect that it 
is properiy 8. Johnson derires it from Fr. bon, tonne, 
good. This is by no means satisfactory ; but we must 
confess ttiat we cannot sul>stitute a letter etymon. 
BONYNES, BovirrKKss, $. Beauty, handsomeness. 

Philotut. HerdPiCoU. 
BONK,x A iMuik. DouqUu. — Probably corr. from A. 
8. bone. Isi. bunga, howerer, sifrnifles tumor terrae. 
BONKER, «. A bench, Ac. Y. Bomku. 
BONNACK O* KNAESaiP. A ce.ta.n duty paid at a 
mill, Ayrs. This is the bonnack due to the servant, 
(knave). Y. Kmawship. 
BONNAGE, s. An obligation, on the paii of the tenant, 
to cut down the proprietor's corn. SUUitU Aoc. — 
Erldently a corr. of Bondage^ q. r. 
BONNAGE-HEUK, «. A tenant bound by the terms of 
his lease to reap, or use his hook, for the proprietor 
in harrest, Aberd. 
BONNAGE-PEATS, s. pi. Peats which, by his lease, a 

tenant is bound to furnish to the proprietor, ib. 
BONNAR, «. " A bond," Gl Popular Ball. 
BONNET. Y. Whits Bohkbt. 

BONNET. Blue Bonnet. This, in former times, in 
Teriotdsle at least, wat used as a charm, especially 
for warding off the evil Influence of the fairies. *' An 
unchristened child was considered as in the most 
imminent danger, should the mother, while on the 
straw, neglect the precaution of having the blue 
bonnet worn by her husband constantly beside her. 
When a cow happened to be seized with any sadden 
disease (the cause of which was usually ascribed to 
the malignant influence of the fairies), she was said 
to he elf-shot ; and It was reckoned as much as her 
life was worth not to ' dad her wi' the blue bonnet.* 
* If s no wordle a dad of a bonnet,* was a common 
phrase when expressing contempt, or alluding to any- 
thing not worth the trouble of repairing."— JBdin. 
Mag., April, 1820. 

OOaKtR. wlf. TIpi;, LoUl.— Teut, tayi, cbrius. ftuyi 

IB-HAN. t. Kiul 

<l rran U.o elnmi 

nOTUNK, D(rTDi>m,«. 

SiflMiSi^. the UuUini bclwECii ihB rib> ud Uif 
S itf IKi Bo4f. Tha foirptrt, (nm the eheil 

S, Bolu, t. I. A •DuU euH. rtOoitUt- 3. ti 

'DUHj a. 3. BrnfilLavi 

BOTIUN, 1. BotohiDK. Dunrr. JToyM't SOtw 
n BOITLK or BAn-l^ 9TBAK To sukt up 
■"■- ■□hU pareeli, botUm. or windllM. B. A 


■iKnlCyliW wllhoul. Doiwfeu.— A. S.»uta«, 


BOTWAND,t P<^rl.*ri>n>dor*DI)wrt9«| 

•n uwd pnclHlr ■• B. Inl. vlUiiut. 

rrODaEm.i«(,pci>w.uiilva9Hl.>n>L Diti 

BOTAND, BlFT-uui, pnji. DiiM«i. Pwtif. 

DOTAND, oilii, 1. Bill If; <ui«t'L Bar! 

AMI,* name 1 A, 8. W-io« ; 8u.S.»>^ 

Ua™.-I.i *n,,i=.« tixiH, uooai ih. OnUo ■ 

tmm. U It (rom A. B. iHilim, inuur. 

vluiD Uic men updili to botr uiu m* mm 

B0T4K0.1. AptM-ofllMadrMblM. Fr- 

• Huff -hlch l» ii(»l> ■•< MoolpelU^r. 

■lib thl snatm elpEdltloD WM W OUR 

BOTCABII, 1. A iurt ol irtilJcry iui>d In I 

rtlgu of J». T. i-StioiUft— The ioiiiB toi 

Kcai to be ■ficmnli ailed frollori, lb. 

Ff. 6a^ 

Thi. rod b«l nraii iur1» enl « II. MM 

plf« a( (nj kiad," Colgi. 
BOTJt, fltiTi. t, 1. Help : iidwiiU 

3, ODaiMuatUga i hUi^Uoii ; 

r SinjUB. VBrti. BIgn,— A, 

n BOraBO, 0. ••. ToB.»l.i.o.miTi.DnU. flu 
UDTUKR. I. Tbc mi nl ImBat « t»IIJ"W. br 
ln« on IhF BiiD*' tubjtcl. S. 

9bj dwalllni 

IWTIIIF:, llouia, Boifu. I. A itiop nwlc ef b>«rdi 
fuller nii'il m iHiiulilr, B, Doieiai. — ilmc* Ui 
Lurttuti^nllii or Killnbnrfli, woikIed Uiopa Budv tc 
hflns lirlifl up, TeuLtonle, bxlsi ili>iiiaii«ula. ca* 


A |u[|[ Id wUeh cull 

A ■I'Klei <•( kIkIc S. Oi 
: breech : Ui> ml (B Ibt 1 

BOTTaSI. adj. Thick ud dniflih. KMA 

UOUCHT, l>or„.iir, . \l,i. 

niOti, R —A. B. b>«iU. u 

u btiid ; Ouna. tw, obiu 
TiD UOnUHT. BauuuT, >. ■ 


Ibi fBihiu. EL 1 culled n i 
MUl^lir.KNOT, I. 




, Bl'Pi'HT, BoroHT, Brcnr, Bught. $. 1. A miftll pen, 

iMjUf i-ut up in th*i comer of die fold, into which it 

vu tm'jamxrj Vj drive the cwiia when th«7 were to be 

I nicAl ; nUo called €W€-buchtf 8. DouoloM. 2. A 

I iijcte in which dfav«-p nre enclosed, lonarlitf. ; an im- 

I jt^^pT m:u$o. Siat. Ace. 3. A square v.-at in a 

diarii . a tAM«-=taK. &. BiKkt-tfot^ id.. Abonl.— 

TcaitFid^. 6ueAr. :i«ptiim, septa, ioteriMptami supi- 

B«(an claasum. 

r* EiJUL'ilT, IkyfcnT, v. a. 1. To enclose in a fold ; 

' pn,;rtri7 ewci for milking. S. ; formed from the *. 

'■ imt. i. To cij'-l'ise bj mesuu of a fence, or for iiheltci. 

Irifr. r<ii>naiki72. 

lurCUT-4"rK.Ii. The droppln^n of thu sheep tliat 

frf^oeatlr tall into the milk-pail, bat arc taken out 

bT :2if ewtr-milk«rfr. Boxb. 

»>COUTIXG-TIME. BorouTiSG-TiME, «. That Ume 

is lii • cTcning when the ewes are milked. Uer'ts 

Fj BClCrr. r. a. To heat. Fife. It seems miirely a 
miety of BuiL r. a. Y. Boof. 

T* BUUfF, Uiiwr. v. n. 1. To bailc, Loth., Aberd. 
A^Jicd so the hoi iow' sound madebja lar]^ do'^, 
1-t : *Ta. W'juff and Youff. This is oppi)^cd to 
K) Tsfimg, which denotes the barking of a small Aog. 
1 To couiph load, Aberd. It is often coi^oined with 
;^ r, so H'^t. 

^/rrV. Biiwr. a. 1. The act of barking. 2. A looil 
wy^ AbenL 

BODliK?, t. jtl. Cross Kpan, forming part of the 
!oef of a cottage, used iuatcad of lathi, od which 
*utlia« or twi|;« are placed, and abore these divots, 
sad tkcn the stiuw or thab.-li, S. Chr. Kirk.— 
laeiiai. fmlkar. a beam ; Dan. biatlke, pi. bidcker, 
b«HjL So. ik. hialkty a unall rafter, tigiliom, in 
VestnMrcrth. Is written 6oK*iir. 

Ib^^AA-STAKSLS, «. fi. The lower part of eoujUtM, 
«r nf;ersH that were .<iet on the ground in old huu^e.s, 
TcTiotJ. T. BorcASs. 

IODJA&-STICKS, s. pi. Strong pieces of wood flxe<l 
ti ±« wmplrs. or rafterit, of a hooac bj wooden piu j. 

BCC4E. Bvitffis. pi. Perhaps some kind of cuiTere 
I «Ms», like Fr. bouffftU, from (KmiK, a budget, or 

r«at poQch. — Trut. botgie^ bulpa. 
I kixGEB, ff. A Mfa-fowl and bird of passage of the 
^ft af a p^(^ioa, found in St. RilJa and the other 
VvflUra X^ess where it is called Omltemeb. Afartin'M 
iz. fftUla. — Perhaps from Isi. buffr^ curratura, ah 
%r e^jer Jaw is crooked at the point. 

k'>rOBT, 9. The name given to a fishing-line in 
&<(iaa4 of aViot fiftj fa£hom:». — Dan. bugt^ a wind- 
tsf. tb« line being so termed from its forming a coil 
•Q bca? woand up. V. Bought, a curvature. 

toUGHTIE. BcQiTis, 9. A twig ; dim. of E. B/ntgh, 
Ayn. Piekm. 

■>r4ZX, I. A bog made of sheep-skin, Bhctl.— Moes. 
& ta.'«, 3a. G hw/^, ntcr. 

KCGCU^ 9. A po*j ; a nosegay, Ayrs.— Fr. b<mquft, 

KCX «. A lie node of cows' dung and stale urine or 
■apy waier, in which foul linen is steeped, in order 
V di bein^ cleansed or whitened, 8. Perhaps 
atigiBany from A. 8. boce ; Isl. bvk-ur, venter, alvus, 
t^m the lie being compoised uf animal excrcmouts ; 
Cars Tent. bttycfc-«a, liutea Uzivio purgare, retains 
form of fruyefc, venter. As, however, 
ar« f fwqaently beat with a wooden mallet to be 
other* have derived this word from So. O. 
Belg. beiwfc-ea, to beat or strike. 

BOUKING- WASHING, BorKiT-WAsmsro, s. The great 
annual purification of the family linen by means of 
this lie. S. Heart Mid-Loth. 
BOLTKING, «. The quantity of clothes bucked at one 

time. Ifugg's Brownie of Bodsbtck. 
To BOUK, r. a. To steep foul linen in iie of this kind. 

Toboukdaisf,^. Ulen/ergut. 
BOUK, Bi'iK, $. 1. The trunk of tlic bo<ly, as dis- 
tinguished from the head or cxtreniity, S. A bouk 
o/tauck, all tlie taliow taken out of an ox or cow, S. 
Germ. baucK eon talge, id. A bonk louse, one that 
lias boi'n bred about the liody. — Teut. bt-tu-k, truucus 
corpori!«. 2. The whole l>o:ly of a man, or carcabo of 
a beast, S. Douglas. " I likcua a bane in his bouk," 
a .strong exprc^ion of di»likc. 3. The iKxiy, as con- 
trad I dtingui.shcd from the .soul. R. Brurr. 4. Size, 
sLiture, S. bulk ; Boukth, bulk, Gl. Lancash. J. 
JV'u»/. 6. The greatest share, the princliial jiart, H. 
nuland. 0. The whole of auy bale, cask, or assort- 
ment of goods. 
To ItoBAK Jii'iK. To open goods and ase a i>ortIon of 

them. Abr.rd. Hiig. 
To IMU'K, V. n. To bulk, S. Hence, 
BOUKIT, IJ«>WKIT, BuwKiSD./xii-f. pa. 1. Larpe, bulky; 
S. Dvuglas. 2. Boukitwul mw:kU-lniukitti.Tevn^i\ 
In a peculiar sense ; us denoting' the appcaraure whicli 
a pregnant woman makes, after her bliape begins to 
LiTtLE-Ik)iTKiT, part. adj. 1. Small in 8i»; ; puny, S. 
2. Thin ; meagre, S. 3. Of little cuu.iideratiou, re- 
gard, or consequence ; applied to i>ersons only, 
MrcKLK-RouKiT, jMirt. adj. 1. Large in Fize, S. 2. 
Denoting the appearance which a pretmant woman 
makes kc.^—Bouky, may b'j originally tlic same with 
Su. G. bukig, obesus, qui magnum abdomen habct. 
BOUKSUM, BuKituM, Budky, adj. 1. Of the same 
tM.'nse with Boukit, S. J*tHfms Buchan Dialect. 2. 
Honourable ; possessing muguitude in amoral iionbe. 
J{. Bruce. 
BOUKE, I. A solitude. Sir Gawnn and Sir Gal.^.\. 
S. &Mce, secessus, " a solitary aud secret place," i*om- 
BOUL, Bool, Bi'LE, s. 1. Auy thing that is of a carvM 
form ; as, " tlie &ooI of the arm," when it islK'nt, i. r. 
the cur>'ature ; .synon. bought, S. 2. The rounil lioles 
in BCissors in which the tliumb and finger are put, 
&c. y. BooLS. 3. A bemicircular handle ; as that 
of a bucket or pot, Ac, S. 
BOUL o' a Pint'ttftup, Bi>OLn/a Tea-kHtU ; the hanflle 
of cither of iUcMi vessjols. To come to the hand lik^ 
the boul o' a pint-stoup, a proverbial expression, in- 
dicating auy thing that takes place as ea.sily ami 
agreeably as the luindle of a drinking ve&sel cornea to 
the hand of a tippler. Gl. Antiquary. 
BOrLD£X, part. pa. Swelled ; inflati'<l. Y. R^^ldin-. 
BOULE, '* Hound," Rudd. Douglas.— Tvui. bol, tunii- 
dus, turgidus ; or bogh'-I, beMghel^ curvatura scmicir- 
c^aris, firom bogh-en^ arcuarc. 
BOuLE, s. A clear opening in the clouds in a dark, 
rainy day, prognosticating fair wi*ather ; a gap ; a 
break. — C B. 6o/cA and bwlch, a break, a breach ; or 
perliaps a peculiar use of Boal, Bole, a perforation. 
DOUIiENA. A sea cheer, signifying. Hale up the 

bowlings. Complaynt S. 
BOULENE, s. The Mune with E. bowline. A 
rope fastened to the middle jart of the out.>ide 
of a sail. Complaynt S.Sw. bog-linOj Id. from 
bog tlexus. 





BOULTBLL RAINXS. Bridte-reins of some kind. — 
Periuipt ttom 0. Fr. bomUetitt oombftt, JoClte ; q. such 
rdns as vera oaed in toanuiaents. 

BOUN, BouiiB, Bows, wij. Seadj, preparad, S. 
Barbaw.'^Bomi U used in the same sense, 0. E. — 
So. €^. 6e, 6o-a. to prapara, to make ready ; Isl. 6M-a, 
id. Boen or boin is the part pa. * 

To BOUN, Bows, V. a. 1. To make readj, to prepare. 
WcMaet, S. Togo, to direct one's ooorse to a certain 
place. Sir Egtir. 

BOUND, Buxn, part pa. Pregnant, Douglas. —Germ. 
^Ubaad-fUt to deliver, taiftwidm, brought to bed ; 
litorally onbonnd. 

BOUNDB, «. Meaning doubtful. AcL Dom. Cane 

T9 BOUNDBB, v. a. To limit; to set boundaries to, 
Roxb.<— L. B. don-ore, Awul-are, metas flgere. 

To BOUNT. V. ». To spring, to boond.— Pr. 6oiM2-»*r, 
id. Bm^, 

BOUNT&, f. Worth, goodness. Barbour.— Vr. bonU^ 

BOUNTBTH, Bouxms, t. 1. Something given as a re- 
waid Ant serrice or good offices. Watson's ColL 2. 
It nov generallj signifies what is given to servants, 
la addition to their wages, 8. ; bounties, 8. B. Bam- 
Mjt.—CNmL bumntaiSt seems merely a oorr. of this 

BOUNTRU^ t. Common elder. T. Boubt&bi. 

BOUNTUKS-BERRUES, s. pL The fhiit of the elder, 
from which berberry wine is made, 8. A. 

BOUR. Bocmi, t. A chamber ; sometimes a retired 
»partment» such as ladies were wont to possess in 
ancient times. Ikuglas, — A. 8. bur, bure, conclave, 
an inner chamber, a parlour, a bower.— Teni. btter, 
M. Ban. buur, condave^ 8n. G. Isl. bur, habltaculom. 
"— UX^jm^H fi mbur, gynaecenm, nl^ oUm ftliae fiunilias 
habitabant; lilendly, the young lady's bower. 
lleace bour-bourdia^y Jesting in a lady's chamber, 
IHak. lh>nLacK. 

BOVIUOU, BowaocK. Booties. «. 1. An enclosure ; 
apl"^^ ^ ^* l^t^ houses dmt children build for 
|4i!jr« ea|MCi*Uy tho«e made in the sand, 8. KeUy. 
*' Weil never big sandy bowr o c ks together.** S. Prov. 
X«Uy. i. A whUI knoU, as distinguished trom a 
br^kti ^Mkit^*, HvM. a. A shephenl*s hut, Gallo- 
w«<v, A. A Maall h««p of Monee. Clydes. Y. BoamA. 
^ As>MiUawdhM4^oranyklnd»^B. Soch a quantity 
vl bgiJ^^Wlhee a* i* WudeauMme to the wearer, is 
vakleU«WiirwA^ciMe» Ang. SMM. Jlec 6. A 
vr>>«^» a vingi a vnivie of p«»p^ -^ ^ i Vmi Bmdkaa 
ISmHe^. T. A cl«Mer» a* of ItMik & JVryMiM.— 
Av :!L |NMr< bu^Th Mk e«chM«re« a h<np : Sn. Q. 6orf . 

IKU'llAOil^lK BvaaAcalK fitrt. jm. Bacioeed, en- 

IV 1hH*IUOII. «k «. TVik Cf««d together oottftsMdly, 

<^t in a maaev 9^ . »y«. «>mnK#. 
IHU'IUCII, mMoacsu t. A hattd imsI riaad a oow*s 

hUhder l«f» at milktng. ^ G«cl. bm nm k, 
W^VIKMX.*. TV«|«MMdWhislieft>K& 

t\ Kmm^-^. t«t INl this WMas I* W mefefy an 
aMwvv ^ K A ^<rf>l»> M^>ri «v . to>wm to pfi h or 
U«K>Mk HnA^MP^ Mer^i isiM^naHy a O^xhic wwt> 

HKH'tllV I^^VM. ^ )x A >(«k a newt, & Ktiif 
M**A»$9^ t l« *H)^<^lenV Ui«Ni«7 «C ^he Bwls <^ 

»Mhe«^aMd *" ti (» ««^ to d«Mto a 
<^UWa <h» IMiwI '^ l»ieh<w. 
W^U'mi^ a. A hele «*!# ia il» eaMh %9 

gir ^Wer «nl«kale ihai hMe 

lk«Mi & a 

burrow, Jfonroe.— From the am« 

BOUBTREE, BoBcnn, Bommm, «. 
a tree ; Sambncns nigra, Linn. ; A. 
Ligktfoot, — It seems to have received 
iu being hollow within, and theoee 
thrusting out the pulp. 

BOUBTRSS-BUSH, «. A shrub of elder. 

BOUBTREE, Boorar-Gnv, s, A small 
of a twig of elder with the pith taken oal:| 
wet paper being forced up the tube, and i 
in and pushed up towards it, the 
between the two drives out the first with aa| 
Blackw. MaO' J 

BOUSCHE,«. The sheathing of a whe^ | 

BOUSHTT,«. ExpL ''bed." Aberd. iSUMJ 
same with Buiat^, q. v. 

BOUSTER, s. The bolster of a bed, 8. V. I 

B0U8TOUR, BowsTOWu, s. A milittl| 
.anciently used for battering walls. WpwM 
G. 6yssa, testa, signifies a mortar, an i 
throwing bombs ; Bombarda, Ihre ; forniii| 
fhnn 6ycsa, theca, a box, or case ; becaoH 
tubes, as in cases^ bullets are lodged. 

BOUSUM, BowBOM, ocf;. 1. Pliant, tiactAH 
of Honour. — A. 8. 6oenun, buknim, obafl 
tabilis, fhm buQ-an, Belg. fryy^-en, iM 
*' Blythe, meny,** Rudd. 

To BOUT, fiowT, V. n. To qiring, to leap, & 
vp," Rodd. vo. wpftoUtl. Boa. 
boUen, op-botl-en, to rebound, resiUre. 

BOUT, s. A sodden Jerk in entering or li 
^lartment ; a hasty entrance or departut 
of coming iqwn <me by surprise ; 8. 

BOUT, s, 1. The extent of ground mowed, 1 
labourer moves straight forward ; the reoH 
eluded in the length of the field to be mowi4 
sweep of the scythe, 8. 2. Com or hay, y 
by the scythe, and lying in rows, is said tot 
in the boiU,** Meams. 3. The act of (i 
round in ploughing, 8. B. Agr. Surv. 1« 
As much thread, or anything similar, aa I 
on a clew, while the clew is held in one pa 
— Fr. bout, a tozm denoting extent, or>«th« i 
of anything. 

BOUT-CLAITH, s, Hoth of a thin testa 
name is probably borrowed from the primM 
the cloth in boltino or bouUing flour.— >] 
blml-er, contiaction fifom belut-er, to bolt 

BOUTEFEU, s. An incendiary. Gutkrft J 
not fktMn toiU-er, to push forward, peihapc 
G. bU-a, reparare ; A. 8. het-an, whence ■ 
similar foimation with Boute-feu, Fgrbeta, I 
who has chaige of the fire. 

BOUTGATE, s. 1. A circuitous road, a wij 
not direct, 8. tnm about, and gait way. . 
A circumventioQ, a deceitf ol coune, 8. J 
S^ An ambiguity, or an equivocation, in d 
i^ Ptrbes. 

BOrrOCK, s. A square piece of coarse doth 1 
tag ooe^ sboulderB, Orkn.— Dan. 6oib, 8« 
denotos the shoulder of an animal, and IsL 
onaner part of a fleece. Or Norw. tee^ 
tr a gmg n t of doth. 

BOrriAQR, s. Blink ; bevenge.—Fr. bemm 

BOriT, BofwsiB, Boost, a4j. 1. Covered wtH 

2. Having a bushy mp§ 
applied to animals that 


>BOWLElt.t. Ak«UI«iirl»llBr.Flri-. Tbliapp'"^'' 
to tha Hunil or rr tnUIMr; Hup, ttM-ir ; OsUi 

BOWLIE, Unaut, adj. CtDoltcd, ilcfonntd; Booltr 
liackll, buoi|ikiHkKt ; lameiliui uppllcd ' 

D0WL0CH3. I. }it. lUgwtnl. Bcdm 

Wlgtopt.— Qacl. tmmialian, Id. 
BOWLS, "JJ. * uiuB^comniimligtTin' 

of T>v, *c , wblub ani plsfed wlUi umill 

Tb B0«N. t>, a. To Dike iviIt'. V. Boi 
DOWKUOtB, •- Dur|«i ; Ihi Ihlrd »UK 

meDLor CanvectHoik, In reBcmbLuLCF of 1 

BOWS,!. pi. To take one ifaroiudi tbi i 

ODtlomraertciaaiut, Abtri. In i 

lupi, to the ptuUdhmBnt of Ui? tUfltL- 

BOWtC t. fi(. Ad dM Dime All Dgv^Ungi 
B0W8D/£<n(. V.Bsv.BoLL, 
nonaiE, adj. Crookid, S.— rr. bsw, IJ 
UOWSIB, t. * d«LgiwUini giTvo in i 

BOWSIB, rvfj. lATT! ; boshr, V, BiriT 
L0W3TAK, Boonu, i Tho boLui c 

Bowiin, Ji-crd. lire. 
BOWSTIKO, I. AptaucDtlj ipole la be ui 

>^9f(. 1. A thnndifbolc 8. Si 

BOWT. I. Oxaf -ff Korttid ; •■ 

.ilxni. Itn. T. BoiTT. 

BOX, I. ^ To nlnnot, ' 

Ifyntown.— A- & tos- 
; 111 fcDFTiil. ntm. jr. 

le Ud-iiLnlhfi, Ag„ ■ 


n, 1. To hn>T. S. TU n 
BRAAL, I. A rn^mfBL "Tlurr*! luKatrsa 

BKABDLACU, >. Tb> FfltaH a' wrUiliil i M 

nai, *o, riff ^-0«*l. pratal, U. 
BB.kCe. (. 1. A ehlna^plww. ■ muult-pt 

ntUCE-PIECB, I. Tbs muIlc-plKo dlN. 
7>> BKAOBb, •>, H. 1. Tn kdTton luiUI/ (Bi 
ODliv.Kur.Vor. 3, To (tBup. Ibid. ltfnaa.M 

OcTiiL bmat, M, euli nutleai, Hun latvHIi 
O. rr.Aroaku. Tonl. Hpl. Iri. n»k, o^li^ 
iQf U fnim rwAo, /r<Ma. cHNMn. 
IKACtlB!! (mxr). Dsiiiur, BMCua, i. Th* I 
fen. Pwria i>i|iil1lBa, Ubb. ^Iimj, In tn 
bi SuRlen, Uia f«DuI( Im <• oUltd tiiHlin 

BRACK, t, 


•HtiUc loo4, rue, DoBf,— U.tont 
I. A qiuflll^ at rao* « «u<b lb 

DliAnKS. I. A dliMH uf iIhti^ T. B«un. 

DR.1I>, port- pa. KiAaUiL T. nailvofd, 

rb BaAPK h It. TenoiL sarBtvanam4M 
—A. S, »niad4n, M. troMr. ualu*. 

r» BKADB, Buiu, a ■. 1. Ta oun qstcUr. t 
bun •l«ia In npU NCGairiaa. tlimeltt. 
IMag. U UMn 0awm aiul tM. S. Tstoai 
la liaue *llta TlalcDM. ttmelnl, A tto dn 
qtbcklx : uaad mcUvefj, aupccMlj »i 



^ITHLT, adv. Tlokallj. ■! 

PVj DiiK Om- To blDcic out; tocuLoot ron^lj, Aberd. 

rVi BKAK, n. A To iiprcu glut •urmi' ga ut >if- 
CIDDI. Usa HJ>, " I'm like Lo Imb" B, B.— Tlili 
li piebsblr alllid u> 111. hwfc breilc. vilIiDg. 

DKAK, Sumi, iMJ. goDiiwIiU Kit, bnckliik. 
ffrxvlai.— Belg' fiTOiJc, Blaiu. 

BKAK. •. Bictklug np 1 u, M< troifc a/ a Morm ; a? 

BIUK. <. FflrbapAbrmcb. q. bmklpff fanfa ;arD0lK, 

creplisa, strUlDTt ^njtor; AroJ^O, cnptin^ 
DBtE'BAQK, BuDE-BtCt, 1. A drilglllUllll meU- 

lihoFlallf glTtD u> the lunrE«-iii<>OD Irtm Uu mi- 

•llllsml labooT tbe wouFihii lo reaprn, AMid. 
BBAXB. I. A lirge and buvf kjpil ul Iihitow, vliltdr 

vtai (« brtaiina in maifh groaaa. S, 
BRAKING, «. Poking, ralehlng. S. B. JBm.— Tsui. 

D11AKK1N8, biiu, •. pi. 'the KsulDi of B teut, 

BIUJJ>,]isrl. t>a. Itirlint. Ureued. Maillmd Paau. 

— fr. !^ell-fr, loglUler. 
BBAHLIN. BaulMIt, Buhhiii^woui. A epedo of 

■IwcklKl or •uipAl ■una. ruuod gn old duajt-hivps 

DOANCB. I. EipUiui 
UftANCIlGIU, 1. 

BRANS.i Bmn, IbihiuklirfcuniiuuiiX Cvdor. 

KANIWOD. 1. W«d rjT bwBlag. t»r. XiM,— A. 

fi. bryiMk locaiultDDi, md fBufa. vooU, 
nilAKO.fnt.ofttaaa Bn>i«ht, 8. {.SioA. 
"RJNOILL, t. A kind oC itioce. 0m«1u.— Vr. 

tranlt, "abimirlii urdimiar, vh«nU> DBHf am U4 

DftAXOLANT.oiU, BiVKU>blt«,Arn.-rr. AiwaiU- 

I BSANDLH, II. a, LToihikc, MKbrU*. Oawtat. 
S To maiun. w oiaki * IbraUn 

PhvIw, S, To ibifca, KpiillBd u i 
(oooil.»thro*inu.di»n1»r; nwd wUrtijr. I 
crci/t- — branl-fr, 10 Hluk« ; flu. O. Wan^-ai, 

BaAMIT, pari. |u. Dnwn 

BRANDSD, port. pa. Bordernl. having a 


narlng a riHtdlili-ljnpwn 
D*H, & JKiufrdif Aord. 
, OrtUoO. V. Dud. 

A gridirt 

ramter. A. S. 

Arnndnwl'. 6niiiiJ>r. falerum (aotrluni. 
>n aaANUER. B. a. TgbnilBDiRrtdlroii, LapilLa. 

LNNOCK, BuiDiK'D-BiiiaoiiK, i. A 
ik >Hl-cakD tnknl on Uio gridimn, a ImihuxJi, 

BI(ANKUI,p. <i4. U 
p. u^. 

bridle, t» rulrila. OoM^f 

, Maitland rMau. t. ta 

. ; pidTsd Dp, AMId. V. ' 
B D*ir, (|. lunUf tbt ■•■ ' 
t of brUtlh oRui oMd tf , 

Wilt* t Brant. 





^ i 

IEi5K0CK, t. The Bamlet, or gmall flah xeaenllj 

Lmvb in S. by ibe Dttme of Par, Bnudiny Yorfcs. 
B&iSAXB, yarC pr. Xmbndng. 2»MV<ac.— Fr. &ra«, 

A BRASS, Bbjas, «. a. To bind, to tie. IFoZtoec.— 

Ir. ernktrmn-er, to bind. 
IfclSlRfSV. Bnirtiniw, «. jil. Tambncei. annoar for 

thcaimsw WaJtUKt. — ^Fr. ftrocsor, brouord, ftrcw- 
id. ; bnduale fetremn ; from 6ra«, the arm, 



ir. Jfore 2. 

, V. a. 1. To MflAolt ; to attack. 

Eqairalent to the military phraM, 

[e a breach in.** PiUeoUie. 3. To bruise 

aod break the bones ; often lued by asigrj perMns in 

children, Domfr. V. Bbeik:hs. — Fr. 

breach. Tent broer-en, tempestuosom et 

TCDtum iplimre ; or firom A. 8. 6ereaf-an, 

t»pe>noae promere, irroere. 

BlAsH, EaiAHB, Beaschs, t. An effort, an attack, an 

aMaalt ; as S. bnuk Is used. The same as BradUf 

%. r. Mm§e9 Thrtn. 

s. A short tnm of woric ; as much as one can 

resting, as in dmming. E. Bnah. 
«. ▲ txmnslent attack of sickness ; a bodily 
of vhaterer kind, S. QukUkert synon. 
I. B. Bmrma. The disoider to which chiidreo are 

being weaned, is called the 

We also speak of *' a brcuh of the 

iwcfa.^ This peihaps, is merely a different sense of 

(he c. as explained abore. IsL breiskt however, sig- 

aVes inftrm, ftreidclefte, weakness, O. Andr. 

niSHT, a4j. Delicate in constitution, snl:tject to 

frcqoent ^Iment, as horses, S. 
■LASHT, B&acswB, a4f. Stormy. S. J. Ifiool. 
flU2HL0CH, «. A crop of oats and rye mixed, or of 
bazley and lye, Galloway. Synon. JfoxAIin, Medin. 
miseeie, commiscere, broMf mizUis, 
ttiSH-BREAB, i. Bread made of such a mixture, 

ttASET, «. The ancient Wrasse or Old Wife, a fish, 
Knh of Forth. KtUVt List of Fitha. V. 

llAflBUf , tte(|. Braaen. Aberd. Beg.—A. S. breusen, 

., V. «. To burst Zhuglas. — Bratt is used 

mse by B. Olouc. 
1 . Clothing in geneial. The bU and (he brat, 
and raiment Scotch Prab. Eloq. 2. A 
kind of ^ron for keeping the clothes clean, S. 
** Aral, a coarse apron, a rag, lincolns." Gl. Q rose. 
L Csarie clothing, S. ; duddt, synon. A. S. bratt 
ripiiftes both pallium and pannlculns ; "a cloak, a 
ng." Sonner. C. B. bratkay, rsgs. 4. A bib or 
ytaafbre. S. B. a contemptuous name for a troubie- 
mae child. Meams. 6. Scum, S. It does not 
nri fiillj signify refuse ; but is also applied to cream 
which rises from milk, especially of what is called a 
mmr os#ar. or ihtJIoatinifM ot boiled whey. Statitt. 
Joe. 6. The clotted corer of porridge or flummery. 
C. B. br^A. a clout piece, or rag. Ovfen. 
HLATCHABT, f. A contemptuous term equivalent to 
X. wkelp. Mvmioomerie. — From Fr. bratthet, a kind 
if small bound ; or immediately formed ftrom E. 
BrvdL a bitch-hound. V. Bejicbbll. 
lULTCHJUL. s. A heap of the husks of flax set on fire, 
flighl. of 8. Clan-AWin. Apparently q. 6racibeZ, 
fnm Tent braeekm^ to scutch flax, 8. WaOCi bracks 
fte imp&emient for scutching. 

BBATGHET, t. 1. A litUe mischierons boy or girl, 
Teriotd. An untoward child, North, Grose. 2. A 
silly person, Ettr. For. ; and viewed as a dimin. from 
Brat. 8. A true lover; as, "She has seven wooerft 
and a bratchet," EUr. For. In this sense it seems to 
refer to the fidelity of a dog that constantly follows 
its master. 

To BRATU, V. a. To plait straw-ropes round a stack, 
crossing them at intervals, 8. B.— A. S. brofd-an^ to 
weave together ; Isl. bregd-a, nectere fila in funem. 

BRATHINS, i. pi. The cross ropes of the roof of a 
tliatched house or stack ; also called etherinSi Ang. 
— Isl. brood, nexus. 

BRATULY, a4;. Noisy. T. BaiiTHLii. 

To BRATTYL, Brittlk, v. n. I. To make a clashing 
or clattering noise, 8. DougUu. 2. To advance 
rapidly, making a noise with the feet, 8. RaTntay. 

3. To run tumultuously. Skinner. 4. To make a 
confused and harsh noise, Dumfr. SiUer Chm. — Isl. 
briot-a, bryt-at exagitare, hue illucque movere, ut 
luctantes; Teut. 6or(<Z-en, tumultuari. 

BRATTYL, BaATTLB, t. 1. A clattering noise, as that 
made by the feet of horses when pmncing, or moving 
rapidly, 8. Bums. Bots. 2. Hurry, rapid motion 
ofanykind, 8. Bamsay. 8. A short race, 8. Bums. 

4. Fury, violent attack, 8. Bums. 

BRAVE, ad^j. Handsome ; Bravkt, most handsome ; 
now pron. bratoest, 8. Dickson's Serm. Y. Braw. 

BRAVERY, s. A bravado, a gasconade. Spotswood. 
— Fr. bravarie, id. from braver, to brave, to play the 

BRAVERIE, «. I. Show ; appearance of splendour, 8. 
Bride of Lammermoor. 2. Fine clothes ; showy 
dress, 8. — Fr. braverie, gorgeousncss, or costlinetu in 
apparel. 3. Metaph. applied to fine diction, or 
ornate language. AT* Ward'i Contend. 

BRAVITY, s. Used as denoting courage ; bravery. — 
Perhaps from O. Fr. bravetSf from L. B. bravium, 
pracstantia, excellentia. 

BRAUITIE, s. 1. A show, a pageant. Burd. 2. 
Finery in dres.*, 8. V. Braw. Burel.—Vr. braveti, 
pour avoir dc beaux habits ; Gl. Roquefort. 

BRAUL, Brawl, s. The same as Brangle, Com- 
playnt S.—tr. bransle, brarUe. 

BRAYOORA, s. Such a degree of irritation or fury, in 
man or beast, as to assume the appearance of mad- 
ness, Ayrs. — Span. Bravura as explained, '* Ferocity 
of an aninuU." 

BRAUSHIE, a<</. Stormy. V. Bra8H, v. 

BRAW, Bra', adj. 1. Fine, gaily dressed, S. Morisnn, 
— Teut. brauwf, ornatus, bellus ; Fr. Irrarc, id. Isl. 
braer, nitet, splendet 2. nand<iome, 8. Bums. 
3. Pleasant, agreeable, 8. A. Nicol. 4. Worthy, 
excellent, 8. A braw man, a worthy man, S. 6. 
Very good ; surpassing in whatever respect, S. 6. 
Stout; able-hoilied ; fit for warfare, 8. ; synon. with 
8. pretty.' Waverley. V. Prettt, sense 4. 7. Often 
used intensively, sometimes as a superlative when 
Joined by and to another wonl, whether adj. or adv. ; 
as, braw and able, abundantly able ; &raio and wed, 
in good health ; braw and soon, in full time. Braw 
and canty, very cheerful. Braw is here stronger 
than gey, gay ; for gey and canty signifies only 
"moderately" or " indifferenUy cheerful."— Su. O. 
bra^f, bonus, preestans. En bra/ man, the very 
phrase still used by the vulgar in 8. Germ. Irav, id. 

BRAW-WARLD, a^j. Showy; gaudy. Q. Durward. 

BRAWEN, jxire. iKi. Perhaps, boiled. Polwart.—X. 
8. drowen, coctus. 



Tb SUWL. I. s. To nm Inla confuiiaa : yvi f 
ti-owla*^ Barbour —ti. bnnMltr, ta mbcoil, ' 
cDBluuDil. en. O. brjiU-a, pnurtora. 

n> BRAWL, t. K. To edlop, Uunf- V- Bun. V. 

lUuWLV. ad*. Vaj «n, r 

nRlWLL-CS, I. pL 

c^ukom TIU« Iiime^ or ml bUl-bflrrj' — Ga«l. braoilag 

dui«t» ft iilitxUobcnj. 
BIUWUNA INuvuu, lufi. BnTel^; qulu well, 

Elnrou, ADf, 
SHlWUr. (uri. pu. FeilHp(,aumid,uixr<]if»m 

UwFr. brn>41-<r.tDjuIiilik. t. atuamuTt t^nenl. 
BRAWN.i. A Builii •vlu I ■ )iw, Blob, "fmuiii. 

*luu, CuDib.<- Onw.— Pcrtupi Uili tna 1> Unr- 

BRAWN, lUlm. t. Till Qilt of (La Irf . Tbl* k 

BlUWS, J, tI. I\ac elDUi<a. «w'i bst ■nwtU S. 

Sos. EvldeuUr (roa the o^. Kn« 1. 
BRAXT, BKUB, BuaiT, Duru, i. 1 . A <tU«» In 

ilir,-p, e. Sbilltt. Ace.—7iiU li alK cUlol hnil 

ealciTUiiliHF. Jtm. BioU. 

nnAXAIlS,j, pi. Amour fniUiEUtiu. T. Biunia. 
GiUZB. (. A ruDCh. V. Musi. 

, TIh tjwlmw, B. B. Onvbu. "11" 

i. brtt, |nl|Hbm ^ 1^ tnta. T. Bu. 

tir Approarii ta tut] lu a d^rlL 
■ - ■ ■■ - , •lUi tanJ- 



DBEAD-HORNIKO. •. 1 piw »f «nad ««S!S 

UKKAD^FAAD. <. Aa Itdu 

■pMUt. lUr-i Dfei ■ 



BKEASWINNKIt, r. 1. Od> i 

bo. b, IDdUHlT. •>*» 

bnul ror oflicrgi 8. 2. An; 1 

<lr»n«l °< * p«h> 

^u b, Um. « «t «b<cb » 


BHEADLIKOU, oifo. WiUi U» 


■irsnl, Ac, V, BUJD. 

BREAD S1T0RD.1. Ahntdm 

vii. >rtiaii.f. 

SBKAK.i. Theiut Bf brntlnohwclL ArtM 


BRBAK, Bu..,t ArBrTovlB 

ploii(tWin.R tek 


BRBAK-VUR, BiutFruomii 

^.. B«rtFl*<i^ 

n. BREAK (», .. a. Toe»t«» 


luimi*, Ihi IlRt tiBu Ihu Ibli lurltn 
Wf..-Tcuv *™«*™ .in. 
BKBAK, BtUA-iAUuir. t, A Uife hunv. 

BRKAK (./ a AW) ( A IioOdw In . 

bill, 8^-U. 

bnA-a. cmMo, d«U>H«- 

Tb DRUK. r o. To »naV a Ma*. 

twLUc ; «)«lillr wkcn il la mouit udTIDtaUaH 


uM i« whlcb |>n or Its CBBunn h« 




a. Brut., K. V. Biuii, 

BUKAK. •, A bnoM «/fM ; • mmilii 


Inm ftoi*^ umpm, loaiiltiiait. 

n.BREAK,...L TobHrUoCcinu 


Ifl. »™t^i. Hropm, tanaltnul. 

iloo wild I™*" cCft^" **" 


ttatnlij iinmoil in S. Wh-n « h" 


■pplJ'iDKAl'naD'ibiMalo It VB rtl uih K, 
liaKAEV, I. Ta main a ekm bmut a^. *. Olui. 
BaKAST. la 4 InwIitMraaitM* br M*, t.K, 




SlEiST-PEAT, «. A peat formed bj tbe spade being 

(•uhfl into ihe mosa hurizootaUy. 
GLLifiT-WoODIE. «. That part of the harness of a 

cacriafe-ho7A<e which goes roond the brtai>tf 8. B. 

Jivnvd lond. V. Ric-wuiOii. 
E&CATiL «. 1. Oinniou ; Mrntimenta; tendency of 

tacvt: ; '* I wa4 fain hear his trtatk about this 

k'aiiaeitf." Ad A. S. bractht yiKD^A^ spiritus, the E. 

t>rS li here lued like Fr. tfprUf for mind, thought, 

CyiaitfO, diapoailioa, inclination. 2. In a irtath ; 

laamoinrDL S. 
EftBCUAMB, BaiCHaJi, f. The collar of a vorklng- 

h«*. g. JBanno/yiw Poems. V. lliisi:». —Rturgh- 

r-xa ia osed In the -Ame sense, A. Bor. Ga«I. Ir. 

l-TiiyK, th« n>-'ck ; whence Arai^Aairiain, a collar. 

Tk U^t •iTlLxlkie has more rt semblance uf T;:ut 

iaw«v, a C'jllar. 
BaXi:KAN% «. Itxake ; fern. Burnt. 
laiCRiUAW, BacasfHArcH, t. Tlic dysentery in 

»ii«?. Luh. Ro!cb. *• Dysentery, or Bnixy, Jir^rk- 

«b3«:. Ac. Mr. Beattie. BreakAuacK^ or Cliug, Mr. 

i Hift?.-- EtMayt Iliahl. Soe. 
B&CIt. I 1. A btianl ; a plaulc, Dumfr. 2. Tlie lid or 

»T?rj4: of a i^ot or pan, Boxb.— A. S. 6ivJ, tabula ; 

O-'nn <'./'■■;. a hoanl, a plank. 
P.r-tesD. f . Tht> « -xxlen lid of a pot, Roxb. 
ij^^fcaiv. a. A vooJt-n box, witli handiv.s for carrying 

ksaali'.s Bosh. 
JULBDIT, /-ir: ><»- Apparently, wreathed. Police 

:fH:%. — A. :*, brvi-an, Teul. brtiyd-en^ to wrentlio. 
IlEDE. WTXTEfc-B&ei'B, «. Provi.Mons fur winter. 

i^Wg^'cu. T. Bfe-uaLOE. This may be mervly brtxxd. 

£« Irl. br^ia-l i-i rendered, praeda,, carnivuri 

icaalii ; vhich s^rems to indicate that A. S. In-tud 

u ^.-.u a rf»trict-.-d lue of thv nulioJ word. 
SiUiIfC t. pi. Brethren. V. Bkoimk. 
L&Ebli. Is BaEDis^ U^ndati. — In brtile, as itsed by 

itaacrr, i« rvxi-lfre<d abruad. T. Abreid. 
Efc&E, BajE. si. B. Bai.w. Ba<io. ?. <. 1. Bmth, soup. 

£«. " Brc*, btj'Ji without meal," Gl. Yorks. 'J. 

J. r, ATK-t^. S. " Dreau^ Ift fiui>pinir meat, uPKravj 

K/:*iii for br»wij*," ill. York.s. a. Walor ; mui.^tuu" 

■fuTkiui. fi'. Burns. Thun Jinaic-f'ntf is mvlt'.nl 

£:•.« : hfrTini>J-T*.f. the iirinc of a hcrrinjr-barrtl, S. 

—.1.3. •iriic. Germ. 6rii«, hruh^, iil. liquor; q. de- 

rrtjo a.-X'iiiliiJi» to Wachter. from 6rau<-n, to boll ; 

I'^. i-Tu^'j. «.-ali'iA c<-n:tlo, from brwjg-a. coquiTv. 
tllX. §. H'lrry, bustle. SKirrtf*.—^\x.Q. 6ry, tur- 

'A7t. tcXaL7«. 

IjilE. f The tyrbrow. V. DjiE. 
T bftEED ./. to rffsemljle. V. BftiDE. 
r. >$£:&.rliLE. r. n. 1. A term exprcfsive of the 
*w.i'.'u: axiil hu-tling motion of a i>er>on of »mall 

• j..-3> . M.», JIk's brteghlin awa't Fife. 2. Appliwl 
&.<>.. t'j til*, inoilc in which a per^on of thi» dc-<cviiiiioii 
i'A* aziT k :i 1 of work : to fiddle, to make Liitle pro- 
ttt": cvtvi' much liur>tling ; ibid. 

ZdLEiiaLI.N. UaecHLLV. t. 3Iotion conveyiiiff the idva 

• .;■ rJ-U ^strvon, with but little ppoj^rre-ss Fife. 
luLLK. Bac'.E. •. One h.g of a j-air of brec«he:», S. pi. 

:r...L*. ir'.vt. brecchc*. Gxulv.rnjt. — Anc. Goth. 
ii3 U\. bf't'^ ; A. S. hrarc, Irtc ; Sa. G. brcuckor ; 
<.. S. ^^>-.••lii; Gal. bri-jit ; Ir. broagfjs ; Lait. 
;»s«i ;.i. Frr.'Pi this dre-j^, the Romans gave the 
i«:. jf ^rV.'ia Braicat'i to one i-ari of Gaul. 
T- tSEIK. r. n. A u-rm u»e«l by females In shearing 
•^ ft nuay d«r, ahi^n they tuck op their petticoats to 
■-:.. r he4s in form of breeches. The qucbtlon is 
t.:<t aaeJ, ''Arc ye gaOn to 6r«* the day f Loth. 

BREEK-BROTIIER, t. A rival In lore. 
BREEKLAN, part. adj. Shabby in ap]>earanoe. 
whether in jtoraou or in dre<(s. Mcai'us. ApiNircntly 
the same with Brteghle, q. v. 
BREEKS, Ureik^s Brliki.s. m. pi. 1. Brcochc.9. 1!. 
Two ccuturicb ago the tt^rm occurs In what m.-i ins to 
have been a cunt ]>bnise u^d to denote the u]«iirc- 
hensiou or fettering of a prisoner. Moyf's Mem. 
3. Ubed in low proverbial lauiiaagr, in n-iatii>u to 
ability, but alw.iy.^ iu a ue.^M'.hc loim, us suMres-tdl 
to one who iKiasts that he can do this or that ; It's no 
in yuur breikSj man, S. In this c;ise it n'fvr.<i. jicr- 
luijiS not very delU-ati-ly, to physical stronjrlh. *'Jt 
it not in your f/rcrks ,-" an allu.'iion to money in our 
jtockcld, signifies our inability to elTect or pmcure 
huch n Uiiug. Kelly. 

BREEKLT-MTRITLLIE. «. 1. One whoso brerrMs do 
not fit him, Ayr.«. 2. Also ap]>Iictl to a very little 
boy who is cousiiiered too young to breeches. 
Trulie is often U!>oii in !5.'\pre.islnj; contemptuous 
or deri>ory ailmiratlon ; q. BrvcJc him truUf. ! 

To ItREEL, r. ?i. To move with r.ipitiity, Burdor ; as, 
to brcl d'twn the brae ; alway.s or at Itast pi mTally, 
applied Ut tlie motion uf a carria;:c, and inu>ljin^' tlu: 
idea of the noise miule by it. — Isl. bro:Uti:, is expl. 
buviuo, vel apriuo - more fcrri ; G. Andr. to be 
hurrif.-d on like an ox or l»oar ; brinl-ax. t*xtni meutcm 
rapi. Su. G. bryll-a, peiturbuie, a fruc^uL-utativj 
from bryd-a^ \\\. 

BRLELLi*, 9. pi. Spectacles in poncml ; but m'^re 
^trictly doulile-joiuted s-jHctacles, Clydeb. — Germ. 
brill, i?u. G. briller, id. oculi vitrei, L. B. bvrill-us. 

BKEEM, aJj. Keeu ; fierce ; violent, Lanarks. V. 

To BUKF'M, V. n. A t^rm applied to the fi-mulo of a 
swine when she de^irea the male. E. tn brim, id. — 
0. Teut. brem-cn, toburn with desire ; Ital. bram-are, 
id. v. BauMNiN. 

BKEEMIN, A-ii!tEFMiK, part adj. A]>]ine4l to a sow 
iu i<ei>sou, when «l>.'sirouH of the )>oar, Uu\b. 

BREER, s. A briar, ». JIngg. 

BREER, Bkerk, Braird, Uhkird, s. 1. The flr^t 
appearance of grain aliove-pround, after it i.s "^own, 
?. — A finr. brtcr, au aliundant jriTmiriation. Ji-im- 
tay. 2. Mebiph. tran.>>ferrc<l to the lirst app-atane'} 
of the sce<l of the word, after it has been ^own in tiie 
laiui^t^y of the go.-p«.'l. — A. S. brord, frnr eiiti >]iica«% 
"corn new come up. or the .>pin.':; of c(>rn," i'omrier. 
*^ Bruart, the l>lad(..'< of corn just hj.ruug up;"Gl. 

To BREER, BuFRF, Bkeaud. r. n. To i'rmunif<', to 
shoot forth fmm the earth ; appli-.-il e^p^;eially l«» 
gmin, S. Brvrde. part. ]ia. Ixiih. traiV'/"/. D'>u>iUt.<. 

BREIRDING, ». (i<'rminatii>ii ; used ui'.-L'iph. iu re- 
lation to divine truih. Ifuther/„rd. 

BREERIE, adj. Sh irp ; clever, I/.th. A fijrunaive 
use of E. briery, full of briers. V. IlRvnii:. 

BREE3E, Brrezk, s. 1. The act of coiniii'.' on in a 
hurry, Fife. 2. A quarrel, a brod, L(»lh. Ap- 
parently a fi^runilivH use of E, brnzt.'. 

BREESE, Brf.i.3, s. Vi'iV.x^v mado in a peculiar raann<T, 
Abi.rd. Mfiarns. V. BrOsir, of whith this in th:; 
unrthern pr^inuuciat!«in. — A. i*. bri\ ].MLrn:.'e. 

To BREESSIL, r. n. To come on in a hurry, making 
a ru>tling noix*, Lanarks. V. the nnuu. 

BREE^SIIj. BREiiiiiiL. «. 1. The act of cominu' nn iu 
a hiu-ry, Fife. 2. A violr-nt attack in whatever way. 
Hence the phrase to bide a brceMil. to •ruiiure a .se- 
vere onbet, Fife. — A. S. brasU, crepitus, strepitus, 




BEE n BBE ^1 

brwO-Ain, a»irit*«, Upopere. U. ftrji*. irteiu 



BREGBR, (. One itiTeD u bnlli mnd blonlitacd. 

n. BBENN. Bim. .- a. To born. ff-iT. fM 

llUsioii»l>«™B- The origin U moil preUblj flu. G. 

■udOeim. ..£hmi«m. 


nBBNT.fT<(.mndjwt. Bnnad : S. bnt. Bi 

BRBUON, •. The nunc gllCD W liucdltar|r Jndinf 

upiKiiDUd bj mUiorilT 1» aeHrmlne, on iuiaI limn, 

BRENT. At*. I, filmlght. dlHcMj , >*. '■He 

»n< Arut «>, 10 Ktnncc l>.rt«Mj, oi pr»dpl 

moil ■IriKloui gffenilan nn not punlitieJ >IUi 

In«ilnighlIinc.Lotb.8eUlrt>i. 3. t*fiM. 

• thing Imt. to •» 11 dlrtloctlj. u U dIncUx 

one, L<.tli.-r«brfdT.llled to M. tnw, m 

bruMap, irrtttm. Mill ilgnlBu > Julge. BallM 

rucre, caprloo mora trnl. ftrwM. pngrcdli na 

iUF[»ie> thu Bnth hu b«a UHd Id IhlH huh b; 

Ibe indent OmiUi ; wheiun PirvabU, ths Dime of 

bnati-ar, eolnmna ligna utc font, doarfi 

Ihe mpRme mMi««» unong Uiem. Ir, Ftar to 


frolA lltenll; ii«ulB» the mwi iThi>]ildE». 

BBBNT. «-«. nigh. «™lghl, oprWhl : ««1 

J^j BHEV, b. a. To t0Ti«j. n-ynlMOB,— i. S. ln»- 

wnnHled, B. ATaittaiul JVinM. UuHlfreq 

at>. Id. probablT illiiid 1» Sw. Ivy. ta tu. 

Tu IIREID, QBUia. t, m. To KKmblo. V. Bum, i. 


Ilogulshed nun one Itau Ii fliL Uniatal-— 1 

IIBBID. .. BreUlh. O. *re«, bfoid, or lo hro-llh. 

ftntHf, DctrwU. nccp. Atmnthlll, Northaa 

timJBV— A. 8. (n'Ked .■ Bu, U, brtM. Id. ft-Hto 

Bo.O.tryrM'eneimonUi; LJ. JnMi-a, Is lU 

BREJO, Bbui, .. 1. BBid. a. A l«( or m«a of 

•cKonUgh. Jt«Judlcla»rritii>ulld.iiMd 

hreod hr "«lf, nheUiui Uuc or iraill ; •Ull »iil- 

(ri,l,u«dlDUil.»nK,a, K^tSiHM. 

BUKUt, Bmu>, ^ A b(«dlh o( dolh, vodlleo or 

f*D«(, elHp : m brant K^ya, a tMp iwk. 

lini-a. B. 

BBB.Vr-BBOWBl), a4((. >ofwtM . I»p lillgl 

TO BR£ir. Bmti, Buei, Bm", ». o. I. TowrlW, 

BBENT-KNOLL, 1 A Iteip, conlol )!■■■ 

loconinilt to Hilling. Poiiic vfBim. H. To som- 

BRENT-TORB, i^ A iwk of ■ aW^^H 

poic, OwiloT.— Alein,(i=tp.V"''.Krtbe«; Ba.G, 

btbrtf-^n, llMft. oonarffliw. L. B. tomiari, Id 


BRliRU, 1. Th* aliole nbiWIM oa^^H 

BllEff, Dliir, D».w, .. A «pe11. »««.-0. Pr, 

uulb- C<»»na>uI0ol.-A.a.(r'r<SB 

fiiV. fcrif/, legende, UOlimin, da broil ; L. B, brit- 

To BKERG, B. a. To gcrmlDUB. V. Il«»rf.'" 

BBtSUBE, 1. AnalUck. JCfus.— So. 0. tl 

DiiaTFB, B««T». ., A wtlUng. ir(F»K«m.-A. 8- 

Braw. U»r.ei Qem. ftr(</, ■ Ib11« ; Isl. So. 0. 

frrrut. gonlliu; are. It mij, bownw, MH\tUi\^i\^\aa»:ri.l,riff.bTm.^iiHl. Theie 

the tuna wllh BroiH. q. T. HM 

•ro lU from Ut. *rm. 

BBGas.f. Tbe ebimner-picoo; iha^^H 

plica. TktEj,lail. T. Buob ^^H 

i>rMjlbiag.uo(Uqiildi. MtiMWt MS~ST\a-attlr 

Kh.lSS.ji. Bn.Ue*. Ihmbif. ^^H 

IhoMme-llliBmisD, q. T. 

BBEBSIE, I. A n^ >uppo«4 to b*.^^H 

nUBITH, aiij. Proceeding fionj fervoor of mini!.— 

Old Wlti. Liknu Tina, LIdo. M^^H 

Su. 0. braedi. In. T. Buitn. 

ndln11rtbeHme*llhK.«nkM. ^^^H 

BBEITHrUL. V. Buiiiiri.'L. 

BBEgT.part-jia. ronIbl:r wnatal ^^H 

BBEITB, 1. A klna of Jwlga Id Ibe Weueni Isliodi 

the ict of bmlilnc iirajriilih Tld^^H 

or S. tl orlglDlJ] J KCDU l» be oeulj tbe sUBe with 

BrA-m. Sonl HW. SW*. 

7o BKEBT. c. f>. ToboM. StlMk^HM 

T, IM1.SI. fm 

pnunlic. 2. H'oUiVinft.UiebreiklDgaut omwr. 

iXnifdu. 8. Qasirel ^ coulcDUon of pullei, like K. 

a.l>l.»n»K.|>»e«p>1n,far<u. Thtilap 

brtoA. Pari. Jo. HI. 4. Brtk of * Alp, Hie 

bmlilng up of ■ twhI from 1l> bvlng areclinl, oi 

DBCTtira. Itarr..^ . pi DMhni], Wf^ 

I.I, ud S-. *«-!«■. br^ihrtB. A- S, tnttv, I 

BIIKK, ». tTpioar. tumuli, ifwdloj.— IiL Ink. 

UtLETS.!].!. Thanimeglr«»U.oW.kt>Br< 

invpltus, lumultiu. rt lirak-ii, Mnpc. ctei-d, Bo. 0. 

Irraak-a: Belnph. da n»1*iLa qvo*l> labon. 

BBi:EANETy.S(0.>.;d. UI»p«lliDgfo>£rV«M<l.'<w. 

Winuwn UM iTrdlyl A> Iba pi.— A. •- J 


Brttonca : Bit, uniD, BnBimok 

BBBX&ESACn. (. A puHcoUi mlllMiT milfii. 


Umn or cuUei ; Jlratadllda, cutalU UCUfc 

»IIBNDB, jart. ya. Burui, » » lo be Ihorcnghlr 

pnrlDcd. I, Btrun Sii.i». Sir tfawus and fflr 

Sv. b. brv(4, loconiand, loiukaa^^H 


r,}BILElK,o,a. TvinUtt. f . Uuq^^^H 


irHM ; Dun. irlit-tr, tnufl, 
(dreplta] dlmltUe, 
BBI8T0H-, I. uid a^, 

BBItfI,j. AKrmirlilvliii»milgiii»iiwn{liiire- 

to UHgsM. 


lannrlis. 1. To 

lion, namflUnui b^avBrylqdlcroiuuAltbj proHai, S. 
I'd BRITUKB down. d. a. Ta mcanmiUT In belDK 

cw*U(jired:la(adiiiniiD(iiet)iarhoad,&n*' /"ictal- 
n, BBITTVN. Bimii., Barrni. ». o- 1 To biuk 

dooii, In wlutGTU w>^ (Pawan and Ool. i. To 

kill ; nrpllnl Inili u Bum uut beuL. ZA'Wlai.~Ii 

li «1m wrIHCD brr(|FA. A. S. bryl-iM;{-a. 

111. trlBl-ii, fnuicni, V. BikniiT. 
TDBBITTLE, I. rv To nnilcr frIiUi, ~ Fumed fnnn 

■be B. aOJ, Mim ^ oriE'iwIlr (mm A, S. bryU-an ; 

So, a. br,l-a. MIM : l»l. ftrtot* lo brtM. 


BBlTn,K.I(RAITI* •. Hutriwl DutUui. chuIbk ■ 

IIBOCXBD, aiuAMT. i>4. TuteoMl! 

nlitWrUig nMsE, Unuki. T. Bumi. 

Uttc D( biHk aod whlw, S. A anr 

BItlTCKK. BoiilaU, 111. », 1b In tkoutjoo MS. Mt «fV. 

broiUt. Uul hu Uuk ipoaor ilrMk*. 

JV. naiZB. B-IU, t. «. I. topn-M. a. Tob™i». 

uhlk, Id btr Gkc, a fl. KaUA Ace 

B. V. BiMi. 

bnkig. |«K!-iol«»d ; It. AnoAk, q. 

triiauA, •tracklM In iba tua ; 

IB. Bail! 0- ™« BiBOUt SmK a 

S. V. DicKimt, DHUcn, t. 

phnxsMrnmlMBbniUi. ■ 

BROACH.!. Auit offlirODOCpM. PatiSd. Sm — 

OBOCKLIE. ail}. BUKle. T. B»u>J 

L. B. tncAHi ,. tHl. trwa. > HwUr. » "»lt.-i»t 

BKOD.I. 1- AtHMdiUfOMvlMil 

S.-A. S«. itni^ B <d»lf 01 btBrf^ 

BBOAKrP. T.B»«!M». 

roteil to BQ cKuichMB 09 wUib inw 

BBDAKIB,*. 1, A dc.lgi.moq (* who« 

g. CamiBoulj dhO io UcboIk lb* thb 

bco lmrK«iiw] viUi blkck uid irblH, B. 3. AlH 

Bl»)*iauidOOT>ot<it>iinih«, 8.-U, 

BHOAKITXEaS, t. Tbt MMa of being TUlteUcil, b 

BEUBLB, I. A ilwnt-piilnttdpIiiHOf vood la kie] 
bunu Biuadtr In idoHctiUig ; bIk cbUhI ■ /lUitii 
tUdu. Thli It ctBBrV b dlBlnuilirB tna A. Boi 
tTotmapTMkinillBbDdliln. T. BbUB. 

BtUWAHD, 1. Tlw Bnt .l?i 

(gnu) lUHhi-L " CotcT 
BBOCHUt, (rHtt.) tub'- LBtj; iDdelBDli ^Bi 

BBUCH1.E, t. " A UlJ. BHlui '""^^'^^ 

boj. Ibid. — QbcI. bro^Kt bl ' ~ 

bratiL ^red. Id. 

1, To pride ; to job i M >p<ir, S. 

S. 2. Bajiit. A. S. bradiS'. Iwa 
TV. BBOOfLE. Sunn.!, t. n. To I 
>jnon, with Broojlli, Unr. For. 


BROOrLB, Biiiin.1. f. ImpciBouiliuw, BLtr For 

BKOOB. I. Boot HlbarlBe u ujiUilDg, S. B. 

Tt. BROOK, V. a. To »1] wLIh loot, S. B. 

BBOOEBT, a((/. Hirlas a dlnj fuc. S. V, Bhdeeit, 

BBOOKIB, ufj, Dlniid Kiih tmn : ko^. lb. 

UKOOKIB, 1. 1. A ludtcrou duigutloo fai ■ bluk. 
■mlUi, from hit rui being Iwtiimcd, S. B. I'amu'i 
Fsnu. 1, A dfltlgDMtioD for », aMId Hbon bios le 
■DafeAd vttli din. 9. 

BBOOKIBLE, adi. Wbtx luj be borne or csdured. 

BRDOM-DOO. t. An initmmcnE [or gTobbing up 

Arnm, Mama. 
BttOOSB, (. A nctil oohdUt weddlBgi- V. Bkdsii, 
BBOOST, t. ApptRdtlr, a iprlog or vloltnt uerUoo 

fnnrviL Perbapa a con, of Uic v. to braut, lued m 

A klail or pottiiflemiuIali^paiiriiiK boll- 

lag wiKr 

lbs llignld li pouTBl. S, Tlie dlOi 1> diiioDltiiM<! 

troK. JtoB. a. InCl^dFS. (ho UnnU *|<plled In 
oit-nuKl pnrriit^ before [I la Uioiuughir buUoil. — 
A. S. calls brin. iMU-bmi, &. -. brtmu nfiMn, La 

BUOSE-MEAL, r. Uea] of pcu moch pardkcd, at 

BK08IB, BtoIT, <i4', 1. BeiDtfliiid, B. 3. Mntiidi. 
■oft i InuEiYe. l&urlu- S. BedaulKd witli bn$^ ur 
porridge. 8. 4. Uaklug um oT brota tn OAe'i profu- 

D iniuzUTC nvuKr, Luirti. 
t oflHlDg wcmlfluld, a. UiUph. 
t from Hilbieai of dl^»Eautia, 

iiullud cloth or coierliie, aul 

8 cno 

DBOTITE, I, "A fTBU tm/At 
phnae OHd lodtnolcft tkolcitl perBplmtToi 
■on) lu; U ndlnUj ibf lUiw ■Itta^iiM 
lo Isl. t>rii«If, frrwUfi, llTjuctnolo. 

To BRoraE, <M> To be in ■ IBU of pr 
(plntlwL 3. C^nn^ 3. r»l. 

7\i BBOTELEB, n. a. I- To admit to Oa «> 
Ibe pilTllmrs, oT broibeibool In WTOWpi 
•ocleij.S. 2. ItaauilenoieinuwanTtal 
or jodue menlH'n at ■ tnUnUlj, u *i 
Indicraui CDslomi sbKnid w ■ ptuUaal { 

BROTHRB-BAIR.V,i. TbcdiMilaraB uncle ; 

B. POwxUu^ 
BBOUAOB. BaltBrauaoi- EUtnudialA 

B&OC11ETE&. 1. Unbnldem. PUKattU.— 

rr. to eiDbroliIrr. V. Biioniia 
HROUSIT, BtiKiKni, BsvouT, Bmn. m 

at lUn eo It ; when k li pan! j clcui ud pi 
A diaep Umt la aUeAli?<] or apartilcil la tfi 

lu oniw," au opuiioD pncDnoQTcn to uc oi 
1(11 of (a^ petiuu Bi tblDg. IL JfoiT Am 

I BHOW. r. a. To flu* , la brawbau, I 

ItOW (. \ riilnf graund. Odl(, T>» ti 
till li (n E, pbrxH, bul bnwdoH nMW 
lunl In Ibla Kaac b* Ititir.— A, B. (nw* 

BROWOALDBOSS, t. A viuci for bi 

BKUWDBN'D, lurl ]« AfriiMl ; 

BKDWDIN, Bsairiiin, part. iw. 

brood ; tai hilcta ; all c: 

DKOWIiTN. pari. pa. I 

0, B. bnd-la, aoil Fi, < 

(tfjJdTi. pongMo, hmi.t. 
BHontllK. pari. >L Kj) 

(M. abb. (V. itif*-- ' 
BSOWDTKB. )>an. jM. : 

btwr-— A, E. bnial-a»i ''- 


juiw, e. JicnWM ;rf<A- &>M' 

Uilnf , loll* toad of 11,' Xi 
be fodDcd rroa IMc. tin 



Ta BRPLTIE. «, a. To iirril : pmporlr lo r«« mlil 

•OBCBB,.. IlTBK«h-w».l«.rklo*'' 

IhUKU doii od itie gcUIlion, Jitc—er. bnnltr, bnier. 

utisi b; woning TloloiUii ret *abeRilBK 

BRL-KUtE, ad}, 'spmcclr di"^I, nr fuTri 

ITWin, •rllh iln.l*»i. 

lu, "Hf. . little n™i.-. '.iin. ■ (i-v 

BKITLnE. UmiilTU>UT,( 1. Abnirl. broil, 

q«u«l, 8- *■, «amM», S. Imptopuly "«<1 

Jor A hrnlUo. ffa-taio*.— iff. to™«l*r, w qmtcnl ; 


DlinsKMStt, », rnbf....^, 

fruiB brjf. »m:. frryJn. vi'inw, lurlMrt. 

IV) flJtUMULE, B. «. Tu null* • lioUoK miifomrlng 

t™tbr«g«,<«h.fna..=.i.-i.ii- V. lUr- 

nolK, u Uut o( ibe nuihln« at i>«llMWu or nui In 

n> BRrssBU BusBiL, «, a. To nub (m 

• ppol, 8. 0,— Ttul. tmiMMl-ni, tiig)™, mugln; 

ruile knd dlMnlertr "Vi 'T'* *- ■^■■■H' 

BRuasu!.., BU.U., u«l.^.a^^«ll«Jl^ 

BILCMUIX. inn. pr. Appllol to • hiw 'il«s!mii. nf 

IM boor, t.t%, BoiJ«. fl.-l»»i». id., LoUi, V. 

To BBuar. K. «. To hnnL O. ims).— Tm 


»rtul4i,»>. frrMftld. 

I\> BRrND, BtDlsi), B. B. 1- Tooialt«p»rfiiu»ll1nl 

doa vbuu strodk,— Jf '1 towkUn, the fire Birt Itddi ll, 

BiiUTE, (. ft<^it: nmont. Tha an* 

a. B, a. To nUnos, U .p«tkl« ; •pplicfl lo tbo e(., 

ffrvtt, Aril. Om. 

lU npranlBC ilUwr lota or ugei. (AmjiMJ.— Su, 

BBDZZINO, 1. AUniiiwdudeDotetllfBC 

BBUND3,ll.™D.»,B.«ti™,..pI, LBnind^plKti 

ngtrf, Brepere. 

m WKid Ushled. ITodflM. 2. II senos u .limirj 

BBWna, .. Api«.nilr. 0.0 wne with Ana 

the KmilDt or burnt wood, ttAaoA lo Ui. .nu or 

To BE, Dm. .1.. To low, tiimptitrdB 

017 athvil. 8.— lit »i>-iiT. M. 

Ans-. onlj -ilh tnu« l,Ui»i.>^A. a. bnmd «^y 

SU. Guu. I. 1. A touDd mctni id eatM 1 

hp (ho orticto ; u la Ibe Moond hdh It menl; Of- 

/Y«». jnojMBff. 3^ Abi«i«t.uiit4M< 

DotM«tlribiMd«liBO««iHi»ljbuiiitouL— BruitJi 

ibid -fltlg. taxo, > q-clr. : C. B. te, B M 

Hi Iba 0. K. (irtbograpIiT toi im>t t> now wtKten 

BO-KOff, ». Aajiblng fn«hrfiH, a> * hmm 


plltd >l» to > hdhgobHlfc 8,-Fi™ Mh uajl 

BErNOLB, I. A)ob;» liii*»1^pl«»oriiu.ln««, 

■ Bohlln, V. Con. 

BCMAN,.. Ajn.MlaitheaeTll.fl. rjalu 

BBr.VSTAXK, I. aiil|ibiir^briu>Ujac, Ajn. J«>»<M« 

8CAT.1, Alim«m, V, BowiB. 

BCB. Bob. 1. A bl*n : B guK or (mm 


DBnNBTANK.a^f. Ofm btlonglnjtoiiilphar. S., Ihid. 

vrB. IM, to beBl, BBdeaoIlag Um IBiUcaM 

BRUNBTAK&MATCll.i. AiMlcb<Upp«llii .ulphui; 


•BCBBLE... anot:u«<«hmMa>inH»1 

BKITNT, a^. K»u ; cag«, Pfrtlii.— Teal. trBwr, 

■Mot. alu[>t<o. 

n> J117BBLK, •. H. TV) ihtd i»n in • M 

DBPST, i«(. »n.1 pnrt. pa. 1. Dunied or buml, S. 

blubbering, ohildt.b wbj. 8 B*Mc 41w«. 

PlboMit. 3. III<«iUt Utnebtd ; ■ leno uwd lu 

roBl-BBLB..«,n..«. ATB]s>'ph.».d« 

CVWiM, aod nnoiu gnuiu, ClrdM. 

B« ul arxiBg Of wetplBj. f«al<H°MI Willi Vk 

BfilWrUM, t. A huml mow, B«b>D. PeTbupi 

ofB,uri«frooitb.I«.lrll.. Ifullw^JbM 

con. (rail (rwX fc-fui. 

DrDBLY, o^-. Sboiit, 8., A. Bot. 

BBDHTLTN, 0*-. Of « belonging to % bmnl moot. 

BrSBLYJOCK, 1. TtieTKlfBtnuBtftrBMI 

a. B)rBoB./\Jl(«wl>,e,B. Samno»i«M 

BECS. .. Fowfc <»pn.u. iJ™el«,-BelR. 6n.y«4. 

-The BBBic »«mi 1« iwi* otIflulBd fnn « 

e«, lo toMB or IO.I like the wa : Bo. O. tn*o. 

of hie tomb. 

BUCHT... AbsidiniiBtoU Altt.po I 

TH BHC8. B»(r»CT, R a. To lurce open, Is p»u vf. 

»«(r>mlU«l. T.Boooni. 

WyBlnwn-— ainuDh, fctwirmi. prnmet*. tttepem. 

BUGIIT, UuiBT, 1. A iBwurt of flifalng ItU 

fii BKUSCH, 0. «. To bujil tortfa. In nuh, U Iwue 

IU■^nTe fBihomi, Sbeil. Eildondf (nnilw 

wlihHol.n». Waitaa. V. D«o», «. 

midi Id iboH Uau. V, Boccirr, «„ Bcotmi 

Bai7BB, BHOoiit, BlDin. 1, To r(J* tt* ftrwH, 1. To 

mo > n« on horHibick m s wtAddlim, 9 . ■ eiuum 

T. fli,;!, BetK, 

nil] piuorTcd in the ooiiBKjr. ThoB who ute >i ■ 

vmblUw. wpwUllj *• joanger ptriol itw compon;, fraeolM. BuiB- V. Bir.K. to., .bo*. 

who sio coBdiKtliu; the Itlde Itam htt own bouse lo 

fb BirCK nil. To nuka * sunrHaf DC4w w 

the brldnnwmi'i, ortu Hi oS, It full fp»d, tu the 

■hen pour«l from > •tnll-n«fetd MU^ 1 

UiUr. Tkii li nlled, ridina Ou Inii. Bt itbo 

bkblr toDBcd fium Ihe ■ousit. 

em nwhoe lh< houH. I> wUt lo »<» (*• hw. 

Tc BPOK. ., n. To po.*. tB btW. VMKi 

Aonu. 3. Uelapta.totlrtTtvUcontuidlovhileiret 

(«ts«, IB nnk> : a-m Wl lit i<iM| 

ny. B. OaK™«». Thia B«n» noihln, oon. th.n 

hc-goi. a..M||feM|g2^S^B 

rkllnf lor the l-niH, 6n>a or tad. lb* pn» or aplce- 

n BDos m^^^^^^^^^H 


Ux po«m^^^^^^^^H 

fiUTFETSTOOL. 1. A>l«l*rltl 

CM He toUlta (lawn, 
-Fr. Iw^d. ■ >l<lc- 

b«rd ; UJil. bj RniiuetaTt, dni 

boul An holding plklM. unirii, 

BVJWIK, finrtui, aJJ. 1. Fat: purflcd: »pP"»1 f> 
lherkca.a. a. SI»eR7: "u, >b>t^ heul," ■bm 
Ui*tiilrlibiith(»|>lDuiuidrlliluye1leit,rifc, Sjasn. 
Tviiite.—rt. boaffi, bknin BP. fimllea. 

BUFFU., 04. Ill cu belongliiK to (lie boOUs; u, 
"^iuln^«ia(,"aii«tDtl»l)ier; avtM^MI, 1 
buir belt. Tliij ibuvs Ui>t (be leaUier we uinr oull 
triiifins ririgianily a^LM fruffiit or bullUo. Atitrd. 

BUFFLiy, fart. pr. Rmnbllne. n<Tliig> Dueltled ; 
cUll running (nua plue id pLuo, or engignl la luiBe 
aeir prolHt or olher ; ■ lorm geoer^jr Bl^Ued 10 
boj^ Twecdd.— Ft. buffdin, U or belonglag u t wU4 

iurross, puihuIi - ■ 

Tfonool. 01. Cbnpt.— Fi. Aov/iHU^ Ihoit 
cy wen peifOnned, T, Butou*. 
BU(1, jhW. Full!. Jf JiM»rf»i( Border. V. 
BUS SKIN, (. Aluib'iikludresKd. Jet. C 
B0a*.BOO. >. A hnb^nliD, Fife ; pron. H 

[lCO<iB,t. A bogbnr. T. Boos i ids. 

nuOORH, part. fu. Built ifioai Ibtg.loBlo.Cl^ei. 

UrOOLB, I. A bos, > logniii, a. B. This leemi w 
1e menlj ■ dimln. rnun Ii. ud B. bee. 
lOHB. I, Avid iiflHitlLi; peilmps Bus llfbt 
irari gnufol to the month. Aiml. Itrff. Bvfhi 
ippcon to b« • ootf. Iron Fr. bow.**. ITio moath^ 
II pain d>T IuhkIk iIsdUIoi llthl *nd uyooij wMte 

BroUT, (. A pen la wblch tho cWH arc milked. T. 

DroIL, BcDiLt, I, A boglibnni. I>buiiIiu.~Q. 

Apparentlj, lice re 
l.b<itU. Uala. 

BinoK. pnt. CnrUed ; rrom U» 
n>BDtOB,v.ii. To' - ' 

—A. 3, b»s-a»,Ui\ 
DCIK, I. The body. 
Dm, Bni, irel. 

ige, Arull/oul/Hfcmi. 

IK, Bis, Bm.!. Bim, 1. 1, A booK. 8. Dmiar. 
Tin Butk, the Holy Bibla ; a phnw o( reajimt re. 
nDbllag I«t. BMia, t. Beiue. To Til tHi Ben, 
1 pcTfonn bnillj wonihlp. S, fVqmcf # jefna^. — 
ienii. buat, Altn. ten.-*, Belg. »»(». A, S. btc. Uot>. 
u. rt, ^oit. Id. It has been gcnvnlly sup. 

le Konhen 

K-LAIUD.(. Uarolng, 

Hhlcta It wu Bill Bude, 
le Irtioirledge uqnlnd 

E-LEAR'I>, Dmi-uiK-D, 

BTIIni. ApFVBiUj, • •bcap-told ; >*>)n^ 

tosli, ()pl<. dBnancuU. 
Tt BtltU Bdild. t. o. Todrire ih»ti Ididi 

BUILDINO, t. The KB o( cDclndng ataiip < 

BlTILrKTTIS, BctlTTtu, 1. pi. Pmteblr. 1 

Mb man rmpenduits uUh 

perplsally; a (lundary-— 

DiriLIIB, >. 

BUia Leg, teuli. WaUort. 
BCIBB, fnl, Boro : brought fonh, fVtea< 
BCIBB, ^(kwlMeMiCK. CVLiimI.— Aptw 

twini), M b* banged ; paihaps tnm tM. I 
idioDi of ■ tRc 1 4. (0 (prliig (rvm Um Ihlal I 
BDIST, I. A piirt ot female dreaa, aDanlt] 
a : perhapi lUTs. UaMMi F.-Wubutt 
BpUted hod;, or other qoUud (bloc wan 
or hsep the bedf icnlgbL IM. tetfg^ 

From Ft, bitaU, 

IhliA andgmaobleM: uadd 

If f I o fti>U( 0/ a AdloB, ha t(» c 


BUIiiT. B. failHr). Behored. V. SOOT, Bm 
BL'IST. BirvTc, Bam, i, t. A box ot A■■^ I 
twM. chea foi onuialiilDc aeaj. AaiJ^i 
Hiffln: neailf antlqiiaud. boiaflU MawM 

proprietor lUVkc. VnA. ^9 
TnnifUTRl to anrtblag Tiewed M « dMta 
raclerliUc uT a fnunsllr. iteii»i*r>.— O. 
Atm.tovnf, aboi- 
'V. BUIST, e. a. To turk ditcp or oaUl* 

BCITB,!, A (bop. ' 
BiriTHRATES. 1. O 

BUITS, I. pi. MalebeiJ 

— OMt, fruiW, a 
re BUITTLK, UcmLi 

uxigg ihoR (tep*. <n 





[S, t. BoUdtag, or mod* of baildlng. Bmtl. 
;«^. Appantlj, UofltahMdad ; doll ; ■tupid, 

r, f. Feibaps, taft or ponehei. £a(^wr*« 
— Tr. fc— fjffff . 

EMdT, «. HabniBMDti ; properly such as we 
for vmrlkre. Jto».— Fn/yioMiitt Is sUll used 
Maty for dothinf , 8. T. AsvLTnaBrr. 
mfit *- pl- MaOs or badgeis.— Yram f r. 
Of, id. T. BCIAR. 

!C. «. Peibaps, crowd ;.c(illeet2oa. 8t. PaMdc, 
I. ^ol9al^ o bodfct 

s. ^. Pot-boUs. Boob of A pot Y. Bool, «. 
I« «. A polioenAD, Aberd. 
'. Properly Che chief boose on an esUte ; now 
iDy applied to the principal fsrm-bonse. 
U of Orkn. — ^U. Aod, dfitas, pmedimn ; 8. 0. 
JBkflioB >llonr. te stgnlflesa dwelling-house. 

.. A dry, sheltered plaee. flietl. 

-. BUkek BmU iff Norrowag ; a bogbcar osed 

Qlnff children, Ang. 

L te, «. c To swallow hastily and Toracionsly. 

IS hmUing in a»y ftreoJ^art," I was eating it as 

tpns^Wr, Loth. 

U. V. «. To tike the bnU ; a terra osed with 

t to a cow. loCfathev. aods. arepron. q. Ml. 

Ol-eslfcr, 8., Is analogous to Tent. bolU^ikdd, 

» pro admissara tonri. 

:x, SL An axe. Moraya. T. Balix. 

(O, A-BCiXKSO, "The cow's o-^hJ- 

she is i&seascn, and desires the male. Y. the 

t. A Shetland oil measure.— 6w. J^uH^, 
I fiecnis ; the same with E. bowl. 
liKB* V. n. 1. To emit snch a sound as water 
rhsn nmhing Tiolently Into any carity, or forced 
gala, S. Awtfias. — 8u. O. tmttr-a tumnltoari, 
OS edcre. 2. To make a noise with the throst, 
t does when garbling it with any liquid, 8. ; 
synon. BeUemden. 3. To make any rattltng 
as when stones are rolled down hill, or when 
.tity of ftloaei faUs together, 8. B. 4. To bellow, 
' as a bull or cow does, 8. ; also pron. boUar, 
-U. bmmt^i, moglre, baui, mugitns. 6. It is 
a e. a. to denote the impftva or act prodoctire 
k a sound as is described shore. Ihyuglag. 
K, Bcixorai, s. 1. A loud gurp:ling noise, 8 
«f. Hence, the Byllrrt of BwAan, the name 
to an arch in a rock, on the coast of Aberdeen- 
—So. G. bulUr, strepltns. S. A bellowing 
; or a load roar, 8. B. Y. the v. 
TSTANE. s. A round stone, 8. — Ikl. bollut-ur, 
1 ; heUmt, conTexity. 
n. a A martin ; a swift Bumfr. 
IIHCH, t. Corr. of BuJlJliKk ; as the Green- 
is called ffreea/reneik, and G<ddfin:h, €owdr 

g. A play among boyn, in which all, 
■I Joined hands in a line, a boy at one of the 
Utods stflt and the rest all wind round him. 
^stt especially consists in an attempt to kerse 
kno Iha whole masa orer on the groond, Upp. 

A scramble ; a squabble, Cljdcs. 

for the pudenda in Kome parts 

. tfhapa to 8u. O. ^)^a*, Germ. 

O. Teat fto-d, aadlla, concu- 

7b BULLIRAO, o. a. To rally in a contemptuous way, 
to abuse one in a hectoring manner, 8. CampbM.— 
Isl. bamif bol, maledictlo, and raegia, deferre,.to re- 

BULURAGOLE, i. A noisy quarrel, in which oppro- 
brious epithets are bandied, Upp. Clydes. Y. Bulu- 


BULL-OP-THS-BOG, t. A name glTcn to the bittom. 

Oujf Manmarino. 
BULLS, t. jrf. 8troog bars in which the teeth of a 
harrow are placed, 8. B. Statiit. i&oe.— 8u. G. boi. 
Isl. bobr^ truncus. 
BULI^BAG8, ». The tuberous Orchis, Orchis morio, 
and mawrnla, Linn. Ang. and Meams. — ** Female 
and Male Foolstones f Ughtfoot. It receives its 
name from the resemblance of the two tubercles of 
the root to the taUt. 
BULL'8-HEAD. A signal of condemnation, and pre- 
lude ef immediate execution, said to have been an- 
ciently used in Scotland. To present a bidlt-head 
before a person at a feast, was in the ancient turbu- 
lent times of Scotland, a common signal for his as- 
sassination. PU»ooUi€. 
BULL-8EGG, «. A gelded bull. Y. Siqg. 
BULL-8EGG, s. The great cat-tail or reedmoce, Typha 
Utifolia, Unn. 8. B. The same with BmiU-boot, q. v. 
BULTT, oflj. Urge, Fife.— This may be alUed to 
Tout dwU, gibbus, tuber ; Belg. 6«^ a bunch, huUje, 
a little bunch ; Isl. ftaU, crassus. 

BULWAND, a The name given to common mugwort, 
Orkney, Gaiihn. NeUl. 

BUM, t. A laxy, dir^, tawdry, careless woman, chiefly 
applied \h women of high stature.— Perhaps Isl. 
bumiHTi venter. 

BUM, i. A humming noise, the sound emitted by a 
bee, 8. Y. the v. 

To BUM, V. a, 1. To buss, to make a humming noise ; 
used with respect to bees, 8. A. Bor. J. Sicol. 2. 
Used to denote the noise of a multitufle. Hamilton. 
S. As expressing the oound emitted by the drone of a 
bag-pipe, 8. Ferouion. 4. Used to denote the free- 
dom of agreeable conversation amon^ frieDds, 8. B. — 
Belg. hamm-fn^ to resound ; Teut. hftmvue. a drum. 

BUM BARD, adj. Indolent, lazy.— luil. hombarty a 
humble-bee. Dunbar. 

BUMBABT, i. 1. The drone-bee, or perhnps a flesh- 
fly. MdtaVt MS, 2. A drone, a driveller, l/un- 

To BU>niAZE, V. a. To ffcupcfy ; to confu-e. 

BUMBAZED, Boxbazed, adj. Stupefied, 9. Ro$t.^ 
Q. stupefled witb noihe ; firom Teut. bomm-tn, re- 
sonare, and bae»^, delimre. V. Bazkd. 

BUMBEE, t. A humble-bee, a wild bee tlmt makes a 
great noiae, 8. BunUde-bce, id. A. Bor. — Q. tliu Ue 

BUMBEE-BTKE, t. A nest of humblc-bces. David- 
$on'M Seasons. 

BUMBELEERY-BIZZ. A cry u$c«l by cliildren to 
frighten cows with the Bits of the iradtly. iMth. 

BUM-CLOCK, s. A humming beetle, that lliea iu the 
summer eveninfrs. Bums. 

BUMFLE, s. A Urge pucker. 

BUM-FODDER, *. Paper for the use of the water-closet. 

BUMLACK, BuxLocx, s. A mnall, prominent, shape- 
less stone, or whatever endangers one's falliDv. or 
proves a stumbling-block, Abeni. — Pcrliaps from Isl. 
bunga^ tumor, protuberantia. 

BUM LINO, s. The hummint; noise made by a bee. — 
Lat bombU-are^ to hum ; Isl. buml-a^ rvaonare. 


ITallsa'i Orlm. 

Mimilirhlcll Kprodsci-^. 
iBUHMU,!. AUU|Mtll!uw 

pcrbHjM^ from ffumbil. ft dn 
SUMUr^ Bdhhu. Bouil: 

I Blld bn. 

A blundfrn', Otllowty. i)iwldnn.— Tcut. bvnntlf, 
fociu, T. Ktnii-Biiiuiii.. 
to UEntHIL, «. a. Td binglu ; aSaa, u b. n. w 

fiUMMINa DrrF. Tb.:am1iaiirliu; tkiudoldrua, 

BDHMLI, (. A cnnHoliao Id Uqnld tubeuiin 

BhoU.— Isl. iunl^, i««wn. 


t€ icBiu*! u; vbjccl. ttomp-a. cl 

BUN. 1. 1. TbE uai u E. twni. Xyxduy, 
Woteni'i CMl.— 1[. bun, hiii. Uli ballna u'iidtU 

niin* « nouil. 

BUNXR, a<f. CplHt; 

DUNIWAKli,(. Tliii»«'|«nBl)i, Btnelnnapboiulr' 
lliuu. U ullvlOyiHHHiJ. S B. Mmtimtrit. Mco, 

i>li|»i>ni tu bo ul tbi Buua bimuiui mth itwiwuft 

BUNU-TAT, I. A baaalnir 
raCrNG.ita. ToUinivwiUj' 
BCVa, i. I'M : hotr, Uony. 

BONO IK, 1^-. 

>) lid, a. atr J. SimiiUr 

Bummi. IL J^4j 

I, AlKnl. £av C^ul— A. i 

> biMU*." TUi vsnl la 

Ddend bjr UildoiuD, Fs l» 
nUNNLH, 1. Till an-ttaa\s, B 

Hum, Unp., Icuriit. 

IPNT. J. TU« Mil 01 Ml:-:, - 
BjooB.JIt«.nd/W,-0^.i ' 

suj. biMrcTH, In ulUM lo i: 
' Y, (. AbmwlUioulaii. .. 

kslwilw unisrla. « Unl, Ufuni, 
DlKkMnl. Oil Ion;. 
BrNTLINO, a^. ThCMBa u Cimffd, 

Di;». l>i->-'l'uuBih 


If. Paaiilai.—M. iimnK, Id 

» <nut lunl ID ^^!«lllK. S. 
rtne, B. B. " To nuiko one'i 

IN-BUK. t. Tb« ■i^rUtlt]' Kl 

BITA-N-aBAIH, f. A imtlt ifll r 
nrttm. Uiurkt. V. fiuu, Hi 
nilKNaiDB, f. Tht ground iltaii 

DURN-THu'irr, >. A tnin lired 

fiUXNlK, Bi'uti, 1> uuieilmei u 

iDUILN, « u. 1. One 111 Kid b 
liu luDcroi] lu tiif Ulcmpt, 
(iilteml HTtrrlr. 8. BjiUU. 

bbm vben he cLoseLj aippiufMCbcft 

M Imprtn IcIUn. <n other ouirk 
dlcep. S. 3. Kitapti. uusd that, 
wl' ui Inim-airn," Ihrj nn nil «f 
■l*(Tt In ■ bkd Huii, Alien). 
BtritK aUBNOS, t. Om who Mh 

noilar (he Bwvo lurlu 



.AtfiJa. ri. 


kI for fml. flraiuT* ZellantL 

trrm lot ■ UMlinillh, 8. 
Aim'It<-w<W, nn ■p|>n>p[liiw lunD," N. 
BUKNIN' BEAUTT. A nrr hmiilwme fuB»le. ThI. 
li ii»d oitiium} ; " Shv'i ue (wriWn' Acouly DUir 
IhuL nc." Roxli. 
SUBNTaiLVItB,Biiin;ii.r«. Rllrer niSncd Id thi 
fBrntcv, tr coin melicil ttnwn IDIo bnlUuD, to ti« rv- 
ealusl. .AeCt/n.//.— UI.I«n<l«f<(|W.I<l. Suoito 
EIwIhob ihowi IbuiktrtiOfr, 1, «, piin rilitr, uiil 

BCun. UuuiK. t. Tbo irkliriDg Miud nude bjp lo 
peopli in pmaatuulDg die IclWr r ; u ti; ttie 
)uibllut>a(Naithiuiib(Ftuiil, 8, SlalM- Aoi. T 
wik BHnufunnfdfroal tluiouudwiLklilipnxjQccd 

BUBKA, t. 1 


I of vood uKd lu IKletliu! 
HiuDcliillOD oC E. JDoml, 

LLKV. Lniul.wbe 

■ rlilgc plDugliid, 4Da k bifa Urlji ai 

[ttK,i. A pinir tDioDC diUdno. Uwu. 
IV. oitj. Hewkih.— EiUiv nofli, ■) 
n Fr. frrmmL "floel[l«, lulrti% mcpd.'C 

^mtrrrr, IiL Ur-to, li twt, 
BimRV-BUSH, 1. Sii|Ji<a>aliui<m( rOtBnv 
BCSRIOO, 1, Peilikpi u errof. tol Oilwr**, 

DUBKIS, a. ^, Proteklr, fran fr »own. Bk 

1 ot nul. liiUr. Ac dOtJa-Vi. 

nrns. DrasB. t, Tbc»DCOftbaflt. T.Bi*. 

D1:BSAK,>. Ouobo reMTSItaebafflttfl 
menlln ii«Ilei^faibMilnitlil*clj(niM 
riaaUau Oten.S. BtiT ' — 

n L. U. tuna, u ut, Fi. tea 

ilTiUn. KHmlilliig ib« Deui of OuUd'i at 

BtmsDl, Bus 
Linidiay. 1 
bcsUd br « 

BUS. (Fr. u) <n(A^. AddrEiiwI lo uUIt ; (qs) 

10 " auiKl to Ihe lUliD r Ilumti. BrldnO] 

£wi, ■ >I>U, q. V. 
DU3, (. A bull. S„ bitM. Datielai. T. BotB. 
BUaCB. 1. Boiovud. a. B. ilDiwIu— B>>l(. 

6iHni. mukeH . Fr. ImiU, tub . lUl- hun^ H 
n BUSCH. >. •!. To loT UI usbuta i (TM. (< 

IfdUan. O. B. tmml; K. Bnioat. ll»l. ba 

Aobuh. WaUtm.—0. 1 

BUSCa, Ben. Bniii (. 1 A Unre Mod nl l>« 
for Lhe bMTlDg DahlB)^ B. ; iwi. B. 9. AmIc 
Bull dit|>. 
BTSCOK-rtEB [NO. l. Hit ulof Buhlnf In ba 
Tt BUSK, Uun, s. d. Id encloK auU* IB k M 
B,— A. a. bov, 60(f«. piMHpa j 1. 6n«, • M 

BU^ Bmii, Bomi,!. Acow^mlll ABlk,Ia 

tlH HO* Mtb B. tarn. 
W«B-BOM, L A pulltloD bMWHIl efW%, lABa 

Flinrtr. war. u^imeaiuo. uid (mh. a ttilL 
BtlSK-AIBH, I. An Hod tu nuuklac ■b**^ | 

fliia lotiMitO (mm Ariel, tuE4 u dauiM iki 

Ta UU8H, T. a. To ibeUba i M mdiHa Ib ■ i 
box, B. ; aptillad lu ibi ■bnli of ciiMh«.— 

ItCUXa.w ». Ta f M won ; i»m»11t aaai la 
,^ Bbbu onion, ft Ba 

CUtDK I. Llnl tiv dreaiac • vobdi), 8. Oul. MdrH 
CUnnMa, 1. A caUnn. ^terd. Eiv. 

CADCT. Can, a^j. >. lu 


f( CACOe, >. M. TowuidefitogoMmT. Rati/ 
CMynr— O.ffconA-KT, •giiaf. Mpolwr. 

T*CACH^C<><™.Cjw«,». n. T(.in»,loilriT(.1o 
Ate. B. J>™fflM.— BiJg- IhuUh", » «•», Il»l- 

CACHBPIU^I. Portapii 

ciltla found 

{■DDthoI. V, PCKDI-II. 

teDDlmnirt, jlbrrd. £w. 
Bilf, fciuUprl, III. ^ ».> the 

floa ah* fiiiB allnUtLDad bf mniiLflf 

— _— . (H^Bbc ■••■§«■ iBBcnbersI ft HcltlT 

l« iriHiitw.iKtw tl «wt ikraiigiiipciit.a. Ftrg<t- 
*■•. X. Atefi apadtUf uaBploTedln numlnc 

r<llii*;ii^lB«lHltenBi Hi^ft. .Bviu. «. A 

rnmcftBev :«Hdlnihc Iu(«ee of Mudlj h^- 

lUri^, ft Fldn.— ti.taan. a toactmUmOun. 

OADOUE, CumircK, JL. k-atmiij. JTmro'iAqH^ 

ihu-IUlitotae, iartUcTR-nj. E. i h<w^<iU. 
CAIH7C. o^j. rnO, Anting. Ctonaplaynl ,$.— ] 

cwrfujut, ImL. nilwe m. la. 
fAir, t. Chaff, a, JioKOiF,— A. & eta/, Germ, kd/, 

Id. pal™, 
CArLIft I. ]>1. X«i T.C4T«I. 
CAtT.jml. V. Baashl^larcs/t' rmUHAOI. 
CAGBAT, (. A uullEadiFtOT twi. /iiinidt 

Aptannltj ait.vtFr.iaurlle. (d. 11 aim d 




GUCHl; t. The fame oThand-baU. T. Carobi. 
CAlMIinBSSk a. 1. WantonneSB, 8. 3. Qalety; 

VorttTCBCks, S. 8. Affectionate kindnew, Lanarka 
CiXr, Kaiv, mdj. 1. Tame, Sooth of 8. X Familiar, 

lash. GL Sibb. — 8v. Ini/W-a, to tame. 
JiiCAIOI^ CaiDGS, V. n. To wantoo, to wax wanton. 

AOoCiu.— fin. O. kaeti-JM, laidTire. 
CAIGH, a. Cai0h amd cart ; anxiety of every kind, 

CAIGO; Caimst, Caot, KaAvr, o^;'. 1. Wanton, 8. 

Kidd9, An«. XyndMtf . 2. Cbeeifbl, sportiye ; 

haTifif the Idea of innocence coi^oined, 8. JZanuay. 

1 AaeetioiMitel7kiiid,orluMpitable,Lanark8.Damfr. 

■oh.— Dan. kaad, 8a. 6. Icaa^ lalaz, laadTiu ; Id. 

kaMi-mr, hilaria. 
CAIK, c. A ttitch, a sharp paim in the side. Booth of 

L OL Bibb.— TeoL Jcaedk, obitractio hepatU. 
ClIK, t. A cake of oatmeal, &. Knox. 
ClIKBAKSTEB, c. Perhapt a MBCoit-bakev. Caik- 

t, A parasite, a tead-eater, a meil- 
. , or pcrfaapf a ooretous wretch. IMmg^. 

'^Aiwf^^ g, A fooliih, lilly person, Peebles; viewed 
as pysMO. wilb Cfaikie, id., Selkirks. ¥. Gawkib. 

CAIL» t. Colewart^ 8. Y. Kail. 

CIILIIACH, «. An old woman, Highlands of S. 
ira«0^.— Oaek Ir. ootZtaicfc, id. 

CATKK, i. An opprobrioas tenn, osed in his Fljfting 

CaIP, s. a kind of doak 9r mantle andently worn in 
S. Imventaritg. — So. O. kappa, paUiom. 

CaIP. Cats, t. The highest part of anything, 8. 
B«nee, oat>«teiie, the cope-stooe, 8.— Teat, kajppc, 
caimea ; C. B. keppa, the top of anything. 

r« CAIP a roa/. To pat the covering eo the roof; 8. 

T* CAIP a iro/f. Tb crown a wall. 

CUP, s. A eoOn. jStmrffmme, — A. 8. o/e, cavea. 

ff CAIB. Gaxb, v. «. To rake firom the bottom of any 
diik ef Mop, Ac., so as to obtain the thickest ; to 
cadcavoar to catch by rsking ab imOt Boxb. Clydes. 
2. X. Hence the prov. phrase, " If yc dinna oat'r, 
ycVfCtaae thick.'*~'*Ciire, to rske op, to search 
fac; lasy " To eair am& Ike ate /'] 8w. kara^ ealligere, 
TeaL teren, eligere f GL Sibb 

cm, s. The act cf extracting the thickest part of 
bmk, Ac., as above. 

Tt Cill., KAia, V. a. 1. To drive backwards and 
fonraids, & Can. Gl. Sibb. 2. To extrsct the 
lUckeit part of broth, hotch-potch, Ac. with the 
ipooB, while mjiptaa* This is called "eoin'n' the 
kaO,* Upp. ClydeSw— Isl. keir-Hf So. G. koar-a^ vi 

Tq CAIR. Cava, v. n. 1. To retom toa place where one 
ku been before. ITaUaoe. 2. Simply to go.— A. S. 
to rctsm, Belg. kter-ai, Germ, ker-tn, to 

CiDL Caas, CAmar, Kaa, a4j. Left. Hence oair- 

hmdity carry-Aaadtt, eaar-kanditt left-handed, 8. 

OaHBAX, s. The basking shark. Y. BaiGDii. 
C SMrCLKVCK^ ». The left hand, 8. B. Y. Cliuck. 
CA 100BNE, s. Perhaps, inferior com for catUe. 

iiwA Av. — Gael. CM^Acro, pron. ea«ra, cattle, 

itei fsoced beaats. 
CAIID, CAao, Kaibd, «. 1. A gipsy ; one who lives by 

itaili^', 8. Bou. 2. A travelling tinker, 8. Burnt 

1 A stddy beggar; & ; lynoo. with Somar, 4. 

nU, & B.— Ie^ ceard, ceird, a linker. 


CAIRN, t. 1. A heap of stones thrown together in a 
conical form, 8. Pennant, 2. A building of any 
kind in a mined state, a heap of robbish, S. Bums. 
—Gad. Ir. oorne, C. B. oameddaio, id. Ed. Lhuyd 
asserts that in C. B. " kao'n is a primitive word ap- 
propriated to signify such heaps of stones." 
CAI&NY. Aboonding with cai'nu, or heaps of stones^ 

8. TawnakiU. 
CAIRNGORM, CAiaaooauic, s. A coloured crystal, 
which derives itH name from a hill in Invemesi»-^ire 
where it is foond. It has been called the SoottiA 
TopoM ; bot it now gives place to another crystal of a far 
harder qoality found near Invercauld. Shaw' t Moray . 
CAIRN-TANGLE, $. Fingered Fucus, Sea-UinUe, 

Hangers ; Focos digitatos, Linn. Aberd. Heams. 
CAIRT, s. A chart or map. Surel.— Teut. karU; 

Fr. enrte, id. 
CAIRTS, s. pi. 1. Cards, as oscd In play, S. 2. A 

game at cards, 8.— Fr. eartej id. Y. Caxtiu). 
CAIRTARIS, g. pi. Players at cards, Knox. 
GAIR-WEEBS, s. pi. Mourning weeds, q. '< weeds of 

care.'' Dwnbar. 
To CAIT, V. n. Y. Catx, 

CAITCHE, Gaiohx, s. A kind of game with the hand- 
ball. Iryndsay.— Teat. keUCj ictus pilae, kactt-en, 
ludere pila. 
CAITHIE, i. A Urge-headed fish ; Lopkius PUeatorutn. 
To CAIYER, KAivaa, «. n. To waver iu mind ; to be 
inc<Aerent, as persons are at the iiointof death, Roxb. 
CAIZIE, t, 1. A fishing-boat. 2. A chest, SheU.— 

Teut. kaise, capsa. 
* CARS, g. Distinctive designation in S. for a cake of 

CALCUEN, (ffutt.y a A square frame of wood, with 
ribs across it, in the form of a gridiron, oa which 
candle-fir is dried in the chimney, 8. B.— Isi. kialke, 
a sledge, gperru-kialki, rafters. 
7oCALCUL,o.a. Tocalculate. Aberd. Reg. Y.Calkil. 
CALD, Cauld, ck^'. 1. Cold, 8. Popular Ball. 2. 
Cool, deliberate, not rash in judgment. Dottfflas. 
3. Dry in manner, not kind, repulsive ; as, *' a cauld 
word," a— Moes. G. kalds, A. 8. ceald, Alem. chalt, 
Isl. kali, frigidus. 
CALD, Cauu>, g. 1. Cold, the privation of heat, S. 

Wyntoum. 2. The disease caused by cold, S. 
CALURIFE, Cacldrifb, adj. 1. Causing the sensa- 
tion of cold, 8. Rou. 2. Very susceptible of cold, 
8. 3. IndifTerent, cool, not manifesting regard or 
interest, 8. Ferguton.—Cald tLndri/e, q. "abound- 
ing in cold." 
To Cast the Caulo of a thing, to get free from the bod 

consequences of any evil or misfortuuc, 8. 
CALE, *. Colewort. V. Kail. 

CALF-COUNTRY, CALr-Gaor.XD, *. The place of one's 
nativity, or where one has been brought up, S. ; Calf 
being pron. Caw/. 
CALFING, s. Wadding. Y. Colf. 
CALFLEA, g. Infield ground, one year under natural 
grass; probably thus denominated from tlie calves 
being fed on it. Ang. 
CALF-LOYE, Cawf-Lotb, *. Love in a very early stage 
of life ; an attachment forme<l before reason ha^ 
begun to have any sway ; q. love in the state of a 
CALF-LOYE, a4j. Of or belonging to very early affec- 
tion, 8. Tke Entail. 
CALF-SOD, g. The sod or sward bearing fine grass, 
Roxb. Perhaps as alTording excellent food for rear- 
ing oolvei. 


nIoiBn for nuing eolv 

AppunuUj wi Hunet or BDt. Burf 

TB CAUtlL, (. a. Td alculnu.— f c. (olal-er, 1< 
nmi^fnl S. 

Ta CALL, C*', C*i, Ciir, ». b. r To driiB. » liB[> 
Id anf dlneUoo, B. BarbtHr. a. To itiike, vlt 
UlepRli. «<. E. SIrEaitr. S. Td MRb l>j tnyRi 
log i u, " t'U »w Uta hklll lowD foe';, or I Huii ii, 
a.— Dm, kage, Utitm lobmm. 

CALI. Oiv ^U( uMfT, the motloii d(U la coDHqiteaci 
or iht icuaa or itu wind, 8. 

n Call, Oiv. Oa', i. n. l. To tnbiElt to be dilicn, 
B. "Tbulmat uriniiji raw, for a' tball euiilo," 8. 
3- To go In •>[ com, In conKqumcc or befog 
di1nii,8.AinI.jniu(. 3,Tani>TequlcAlj,S. Aw. 

OALLAN. Oalusd, OiLUXT,!, 1. A(Gri[aiDg,al*d; 
■■tJowgcaUimt."»boJ,». BaiUlt. a. AppUed 
to K joung ptTi, M * IBoa upni^Te tl aOecliaa, S. 
H'am'litF. t. OruD lutd ■> • bnUIU' lenn npni- 
Blto of olTef UoQ (0 000 cofirideabljr mdvumd Id life, 
KaHiuy.— Ft. goUanr. Songlu uis oaUandU 



A girt, Wlglonihlre.— : 

I bones 01 mUli Biider On 

>.— TeoL hilbiJ/U, glofciu. 
collver gun, i. &, a Ughur 
, brrween a li4rqu0bDW uid 
OraKtlUioiilaRit. Ocoh'* 

ip fur ■ womAD'i bead, wilfa- 

1. Oool, Rtralilug ; 

CALLEIt,!. OnenLodrlTi 

rolle. BarTji, 
CALIiBB, adj. Fnab, Ac. 
CALLRT,!. The bend, Roi 

CALLOUR, Ciu.ll, Curtia, o^. 

Dol Id a HlBto of pDO-ldJtf. S., an eoI^Hir 
JIA, Ac. IMJcHcln. Aim applied to T<«elable 
•uDilaDwiUuitlHTebseD nHienllf pulled, whS^ are 
DM bcgluDla; 10 tadc ; u, " TXae irrmi an qolu 
«iillnvr, Uitj venpoa'd IhiiDmrelDg," B. Rmi, 3. 
XipriHln dI thai UmpamMut of the bodjabict 
Imlkatea bcnllh ; aa oppasod ta hnU ^orlkli. S. 
Kim. i, HaTlng Uio plump and rn; apgxiwiuiee of 
heallhi u oppOKd 10 a liiiVI; look. S. li teems to 
eoDTE)' the Idea sT the ottMi «l tb> (tM (It of ibe 
caoBtrj-. — Iil. toUdur. frtgldu. 

rALL-TSE.<3DSR. A tort of guu. 

CALMBHAOE, oJf. 01 or IxlonglTig M nnitiilc. 
AbmL Bag. V. Cumaaimi. 

CALMSa. CiDiu, (. >>I. 1. A mould, a timat. B. 
AOiJa.rj. 3. Tbe.mall oord.lhnjufbifhldilb. 
■■II !• lUHil in Ui( lODCn. 9. ; ■j'non. katUa, S. 
In lAi Bwlw. Id (bo itnie of being framed <•• 
nodillBl, meapli. ilalUM,— Ocne. <r>m>ni. i|iMd' 
rare; Sn. O. Mtowoi, IMc, t«fi>aaiii, Hi, mxt, 

CaUMI, Ciijjur, CuAw. (. The plalall duck, Anat 
aeuia, lloo., Oika. Bbttj. 

rALSAT, L Caueni, >»«(. Jra/o. 17. 

CAUAI-PAtKEII, t. A lUMl walker, V. Cuns. 

CALtlltUI, Ciuuuu, iu(«, Oiabbed, iU^buuaund, a. 
JfoWBu.-La. IwlM, Inldw^ Aolnw. d>tlKr. 

ir, &-Ttul. tdJKi^Aw,! 



of iiwKtear 

CAMBIBbEAT, I Tbo nia.lUr. Kjn|ib«a *Ba 

ci luus, Urb. a. B. 

CAHDUl, t. 

ciuoked, aod dM, black. 
CAUftt Abini>)camb,S. i> 

*Vck-roflt| q. T. 
CAMSitAL. CiHoiL.' 

laige. [I|.iliaii(d, n 
iBcii ai i»miui aampiDD. Bocb.' 
elgDilei mlimle ; maHqrr, bull 

. , trao cam. crooked, wrrj. 
OAUERJOUKKEa, ■ A gcnilioua of tb* b^ 


V, Kiaar 


"AtJT, ClHOI, a^. 
V, MeWpb. and 
Equal, Anwtoi - 

I. Crooked. JTaM 
idcaoiovhalb tun* 
'. Oael. am, C. B k 


CAUVNO CUKCllK. A imUcular kind of d rftt 
bead. "■^~ 

CAUIS.i.f>t. Combi. 
CAHLA'LIKE, a-ti. SnUeo. foA] \ 

Imtd.—ia. lta-mitil-\ 


Perbapi fntm tiAl. a 

It vbat fhllUpi tatli confer, ■' 
II tine Ran, a ' 

UCK. t, A prtnotln i a nap. fUutU.— (I . flum, 
" slgDlSea langnnr, kmimia, mnihidu. Vma*. 
Mg, ugmlD*, am] hmai, tIx, mod idraitilallf u 
Ming wliai can tcaicElr be aoesinpIUtied. 
OAUUOCK, (lunoii, (.LA ciwkid Uiak. & Z 
Tbe|tau«alHiBU«miHlji, "T*- ■ " |- iim Inf. 
Id. OuHtk Qael. (oiiwH, a boUuxliib. 
CAM-NOSED, Ouoo'llosu^ a4j naVniwot. Fat- 
tan— tr eaaiu, M. 
CAUOBAGK, 1, T. Cun>*iiia. 
CAMOTTNE, Cuimma, i. Caooniil.. 3. An. 
CAHF, t. Ad olrloDg b^p ri powuwv f&r^&Bl Tp 
for being kapl ilmiiiiJi vloWi, llcnr.— ItL tj^pr, 
oapnl pvletli 1 aim, cUiua. 
CAMP, aiO'. Brirt 1 acUTt; iplrlwd, Mkliti. «r 
iuTH U oery oai']> »t dag, ho la la goed eplilu, n* 




' me tefvft applied to « cock, a dog, Ac. TtUnmrly 
i tpom. with Crmu. — Su. O. Jboeniie, a WKsUer. 
CAMP. f. A romp ; applied to both lejcea, LoUi.— In 

T««L Ike term kampe, kempcy 1^ been tvaoaferred 

feoB aboxer to a trail ; pugU ; pdlez, Klllan. 
A CAMP, r. ti. 1. To contend. MtMXVa MS. 2. 

To play the romp. Loth.— Oenn. Xpomp-eii, certarc. 
> T. Km. 
CAXPEBLBCKSt 9. pi. Magical tricka. Bnchan ; gfnon. 

r««(raipt.-i-Peihapii Tent, fcoemplr, a wrestler, and 

Ick. pUf . q. Jookta, tonmaments. 
CASfVT, adj. 1. Bold, brave, heroical : QL Bibb. 2. 

^jited ; as, **a eamfy fellow," Roxfo. 8. Ul-na- 

tved. coDteatioos, Loth. T. Camp, e. 
CAXPIOUN. s. Aehamploa. BdUmUm.—ltAl. cam- 

f%C^€, id. 

CAXPRULT, a^. Oontentfams, 8. A.— Id. kfmpa, 
papl, and nvlc, tmbare. Or perhaps, q. Rule tke 
Camp. V. BvLra. 
fAWRKL. CAWicaiL, t. A crooked piece of wood, 
I pftsding throiii;h the ancles of a sheep, or other car- 
ta», by means of which It Is suspended Ull It bo 
£afed and disembowelled, Domfr. — Cam, in C. B. 
■ad GaeL, lignifles crooked. 
CAMdCDO, Camiicbol, Cahpsvo, Gaxbrick, o^/. 1. 
' Crooked. DomgUu. 2. Denoting a stem, grim, or 
diMocted oonntenance. JZosuoy. 8. lU-humoored, 
I OQctentions. crabbed ; Ang. Y. Cajct. 

^K CAMSH ACHLE, CAn&HAUCnLB, e. a. 1. To distort, 
la loxb. it is applied to a stick that is twisted, or to 
s vmH that U standing off the line. Skaitdilit pro- 
r<eriy signifies distorted in one direction ; but oaai- 
AaueUit, dli^torted both ways. 2. To oj^Hress or bear 
I dova with fistigne or confinement. 

CiM»ArCBL'<D, part. adj. 1. Distorted, awry; 
I haring the leigs bent outwards, South of 8. yicol. 
1 Angry, crou, quarrelsome, 8.— ^lena, crooked, and 
itarftle, distorted, q. ▼. 
CaXSHACK, wf;. Unlucky, Aberd. SUimer. Cam- 
ukaek-kair, "unlucky concern," Gl.— This seems 
to acknowledge a common origin with Camtcko, 

CaXSTAXS, CAJC£Tosn, s. 1. Common compact lime- 

raoe, 8l 2. White clay, indurated. Loth. Guy 

Jf«Mer<Wa-— Teat. kaimey'tUtn^ lapis calaminaris. 
CAJE5TZRIE. CAJirrAiaiK, CAMsraAiBT, adj. f roward, 

perren^. aimanageable, S. Riotous, quarrelsome ; 

£hb.— f erm tamp, battle, and ttarriif, sUff, q. ol>- 

itinatf n fight. Gael. ooMAsfrt, strlTing together, 

tnm crmth, tog 'ther, and «fr<, strife. 
riMFrRrDGi.OUS, o^/. The same with CAXsrnii ; 

Fit. — Isl. kaempe, miles, and $trHtff, animus incon- 

«u ; also^ futws ; q. fierce, inceufied, or haughty 

Ca5, ». A measnre of liqidda, Shetl. It contains 

stact an EDpliah gallon. — Isl. kannOt id. 
C l.V. a. A broken piece of earthen ware, Aberd. 
7* CAS, r. a. To know. IFenrysone.— Tent fonn'Oi, 

c«erre : poaw. 
CA5. CA5ni, «. 1. 6k ill. knowledge, 8. B. Sou. 2. 

AMity. 8. B. Bou. 
CiV. prtt. for (ran, began Wailace. 
Ci5AGE, a. The act of paying the duty, of whaterer 

Ir.'a-L denote by the term Camt. 
CA3&LTIE.CAjr3uiLT]B. The rabble, 8. Fr.oanafl/e, 

M J. yicr4. 
CiyBCS. This seems to signify bottles made of 
r>«dft. — Prooa Fr. aauubaue, id., the same as oale- 
, Colgr. » 

CANDATAIG, t. 1. A foul salmon, that has lien in 
firesh water till summer, without migrating to tlie 
sea ; Ang. 2. Used as denoting a peculiar species 
of salmon, Aberd. Staliat. .<4oe.— Gael, cmna, hea<l. 
and dn&fcocA, a black dye ; foul salmon being called 
black jUk. 

GANDEL-BEND, a. The very thick sole leather use<l 
for the shoes of ploughmen, Rozb. ^Perhaps formerly 
prepared at Kendal in England ? 

GANDEXT, adj. Vervent; red-hot— Lat. caadenx, 
M* WaaxTa Contendinffa. 

GANDENCY, a. Fervour ;hotnes8.—Lat.can<{'^fia,ibid. 

CANDY-BROAD SUGAR Loaf or lump sugar. Candi- 
brodt id., Fife. 

CANDT-GLUE, a. Treacle boiled to a consistency, Aberd. 

CANDLE and CASTOCK. A hirge turnip, from which 
the top is sliced off, tliat it may be hollowed out till 
the lind become transparent ; a candle is then put 
into it, the top being restored by way of lid or cover. 
The light shows, in a frightful manner, the face 
formed with blacking on the outside, S. 

CANDLE-COAL, Caicxbl-Coal, i. A species of coal 
which gives a strong light ; parrot coal, S. 

CANDLE-FIB, a. Fir that has been buried in a 
morass ; moss-fallen fir, split and used instead of 
candles, 8. A. V. Calchex. 

CANDLEMAS-BLEEZB, a. The gift made by pupils to 
a schoolmaster at Candlemas, Koxb. Sclklrk». ; blvo- 
where, Candlemaa Offering. V. Bleese-mosbt. 

CANDLEMAS CROWN. A badge of distinction con- 
ferred, at some grammar schools on him who gives 
the highest gratuity to the rector, at the term of 
Candlemas, S. Statist. Ace. 

CANDLESHEARS, a. pi. Snuffers, 8. 

CANE, Kaih, Caxaob, a. A doty |vaid by a tenant to 
his landlord In kind; as *^ cane cheese,*" "can<; 
fowls," kc. S. Ramsay. — L. B. can-um^ can-a, 
tribute, fhmi Gael, ctann, the head. 

Kair Baieks. a living tribute supposed to be paid by 
warlocks and witches to their master, Uic devil, 8. 
Bord. Uinat. 

To Pat the Caim. To suffer severely in any cause, S. 

To CANGLE, v. n. 1. To quarrel, to be in a state of 
altercation, 8. Ramsay. 2. To cavil, Meams.— 
Ibl. kiaenk-a, arridere ; Gael, caingcal, a rcasun, 
caingnam, to argue. 

GANGLING, a. Altercation, 8. Z. Boyd. 

CANGLER, a. A jangler, S. Ramsay. 

• To CANKER, v. n. To fret ; to become peevish or 
ill-humoured, S. 

CANKERY, Cankbie, adj. Ill-humoured. Fjnon. 
Cankert. Cankrifst^ supcrlat. Rcnfr. Ayrs. Call. 

CANKER-NAIL, a. A painful slip of flesh raised nt 
the bottom of the nail of one's linger, Ujip. Clydes. 

CANKERT, Caitkebrit, adj. Cro8.><, ill-conditiontrd, 
avaricious, 8. Douglas. 

CAN LIE, a. A very common game In Aherd., played 
by a number of Iwyii, one of whom is, by lot, chosen 
to act the part of CarUif, to whom a certain portiou 
of a street, or ground, as it may happen, is markod 
off as his territory, into which if any one of the othi^r 
l>oys presume to enter, and be caught by Canlie Xk- 
fore he can get off the ground, he is doomed to take 
the place of Cardie^ who becomes free in con<te(}ueuco 
of the capture. It is something similar to the game 
called Tig or Tick. 

QKS'Sk DOWN, Cankacr, a. Cotton grass Eriophorum 
raginatum, Linn. 8. Gael, oannoc^ id. Grant. 


loria. I'oet 



Idea of Km. 

Htlrlingg.— Ir, ud Qui, cimcf*, LI 
I7ANNAS, Cj>HRa. 1. 1. Xajauf 
mbicb mill ve Dkdi!. S. U.-Fi. c 

rnin f rmn IilUiig to tbc imuDd vl 

bj meuii af ■ wwMy H. It, 3, Ttf ei 

•talp, S. G. i>wM fiucA. Dial 


Tbc bmdth nt *».-h K 

CANKEL.j. ClDasmoD. ftolftt. Jtt— Fr. oanru 

TcuL DkD. ftaK«(, III. tonal. 
CAJ4NEIrWATl!B8,i.j><. Clnumimviiuri, S, 
To OAKNEL, ■. a. To cbanotl ; ID chemfet, 8.— 

CAHNBL,j'. TbrandeniHnlarliiweilpvtorihee 
et UT loo], whicb hat ncdTHl Ihe BnJiblDji, 
hlgbegi degreo of ■harpDcu ujiullj fiTCD to It ; 
" tbe omikI ot IB ue," B»b. £ih(-«1ik ijd 

CANNELL-BAVNB, Till! cellir-boae,— Woaact- 
dannaiii ilu csl, UieiiBpa ■! Uisiwsk, ftinndi 

candlHoud, lit VDrthr nun, B.' aa(iu.~X 
Applied la ■ar iniimmmi, H alcnia*! woll 
OOD'eolent, ft I^5iirTry iVufrTi.-til.Muii, 
praOiitiii eallUul. ututui ; liiuni, CotUi st pi 

■ Kwndtrr RBH II !• tppUfd M mttfic. 
! CANNIB MOMENT. Tlx ieiaguMiaa (iTOi 
lime ut IDniuKli: chlld-bcartBK S. ; sthsnrM 
tti kappf how: in Anim, e«<iii)r tumaO. 

e. Ren. A'lXti. &>i«. 
CANNIKIN. I Viuiklng nKl. 7'hW IM 
Elitur idlmlD. Eho «m,Tciit. Jimm^wA 

•una orlgiD alUi Xfttlrm. q. t, 

I CANNILT, oili. 1. Danlsiulr i pmdiall}' i B. 1 

Uodenlflr. Dol Tkilaailr, & anOtH, M. 

II not 10 hnii St gall, 8. Jlalki^Arrf. 4. ' 

llisl lo a horae obarlDg Uur nlB, B. Wte 

, GANNINSSa,!. I. GauUOD, tartiausiiM:««l 

In oondiHl, S. aaeUe. 1. CnOr MiN 


. OANOIS, Otioa, Oiiora, u4t- ami, ^<Wr> 

tan-tn- DonetoM. 
r To CANSE. >. Ik To ipMk Js a pan ni 
«) hidlipUflDff a.|naldc|:r«of lelMBipfl 

; CANSt^ixy. Port. ipMHioB froD Mlf^OMa 

, CANSQIB, adj. €nHi lU-hauosnd, Da 
MorelT ■ nrtaqr of OamU, 
To CANT, *. n. 1. To rinir In uptaklDft la npt 
Ihe DuincT of RclBUloB, S. 1. To uU in 
tlorlA, Ajn. pidm. FmbatiJ ^MWJ 

. tbuilad I17 nlannli. — Lai. tai^H^I 

CANMB, Suiia, aAj. 1, CadUoui: tiiadcn 
Bamie. 1. Artful ;i«flj, 8- ttflUrrf-nJ. B. 

vUebluI. 8. JEuMiitgr. 4. Fnfnl ; 

.nlatloD lomldwlfetj.S, furla, 
il 10 hurt a vnr, B. 10. Oeolla 
sch. 11, Bolt: <ai}; u appllml 
Jtamiay. 11. Sim In noUon, 

. 13. Hdapb. uKd lo daoDto Icagmi owniift- 

to upca<», 8. 14. Sofl aad iw^ In mocloa. 8. 
ifa; Dot dancenxw. "A isiiRji hone." oii 
U Bvni. X<i 

pDfKl. out. W. Oon- 

■'IIo 1 

i. Xmtj In sltuallno ; smg 

"Bohai Abca<raiw<) 
rtunAlc 1 liKkT, H. Pm 
d In m ftupsntitiouB kmh, 

8. JI. {taUevnt. . ,, 

piled Mb u Ihlngi and 10 peiwna. Sam n y. 21. 
Bodoved with kiiD*lv1(«, lapymtti )tj lb* *ulinir la 
procHd fnria a pi-DWmatnnI orilln ; poueHdafi 
mifiQil ikJU, ioutb of 8, Tain Xfliull. ZI. GMd ; 

Ih Cantratp. ^^^1 

ANT,<>,a. 1.T0»t..t«.e0DlflR 

row ■lib a anldu'jerk, 3.' "The tbfUta 

Hder iHio Ihe liUli ntoieL" TU Itrut. 

CANT, I. 1. nearlof tnruluc Uf bodf •■ 11 

or Hide. inUi deltDlQ. 8^ D. 1. Sllitil. B. & 

'B Cant oV, «. «, To r*ll oret ; Is (kll tad 

M^eslallv It one ii eonpttCel; ottRanad. B, 

ni CANT, p. m. To rtde at a haadVAUepi & & I 

CANT. ad). Lliel]r ; merrr ; brlit. AirtMr 

— - .(_ i_ u,(,j . (i^rto, . appUsd I 

9d M Ihlogh 6. Vonu. X. ^ 
"A oiBl|( orwniM t* S. B. — 1>. <M 
pnulinc ; Su. O. mi»-«> lodUkoui 

CANTIUB, oile. Cheerfullr. 8. 

CINTINE^S. «. CheertDlntB, B. 

CANTIK«M»TCI1KT. 1, A ani tnn fur A 
■piaiTuU; imiB thf !H-lfBi-i "fiHn 

CANTAILU&f. A COtnrl.lilct. Ji.-.nlDni 

CANTBLt- AIu»]lDg 




CiSTELIIX, t. Profperlf, an Incmntation, tued to 

fciMce m triA. Lyndaay. — Lat. eantiU^a^ a song. 
Ci5T£L| Castlx, t. 1. The croim of the head, Loth. 
.V^. Tcttt. Jbonterl. a hattlemenL 2. The thick, 
fldbr part behind the ear in a tupi head ; considered 
%i a deUcacy, vhen ringed and boiled in the Scotti:ib 
<i*'^'*"i Boxb. 
ClMUN. t. Expl. ** a comer ; the chime of a caik 
«*aae.''A7n. — Vr. tKhajUiUot^ **a small cantle, 
fr oamcr^piece ; a ■catntllny," ftc., Cotgr.— The ori^n 
U T«nt. katU^ a comer ; a word of very great anti* 
CAXTON. a. An an^le, or comer. — 7r. Id. , "a comer, 

or crouc waj. in a rtre^t," Cotgr. 
CA5TRAIP, CAamAr, i. 1. A charm, a spell, an in- 
eaatadon. 9. Ramaay. 2. A trick, a piece of mis- 
chief artfully or adroitlj performed, S. WaxerUy. — 
IiL psm, 9and* witchcraft or kiaen, applied to magl- 
ml srts. and trapp, eakratio. 
C15T&1P-TIME, «. The season for practising magical 

CA5T-B0BDr, «. The Dwarf Dog-iose, with a white 

tower. Fife. 
CA3iT-8PAIL t. Expl. fire-pole. BaXea, 
Ca^WAYX^. t. CauTas. Aberd. Reg. 
U Can Y EL. P. n. To Joit; applied to aaj object 

what5o«Ter, Upp. Lanark^. 
U CA5T£L, r. a. fo cause to Jolt ; to prodnoe a Jolt^ 

laf motion, ibid. 
C45nL. 1. A Jolt ; the act ot Jolting, ibid. 
CAOLT. f. "A connexion by fosterage," Highlands 
«f 9. S3x*m and GaH. — Gael. conAa/?a, a foster 
bnchcr or sisivr ; comAcUtaf, fosterage ; from oomft, 
eq Bivalent u« Lat. com, and oZt, nursing ; q. nursed 
iarrther. Al signifies nurture, food. Lat. con, and 
and ■/-«rc, to nourish, would seem lo gi;ve the 
T% Cap. r. n. To nneorer the head, in token 'Of 

«beuaiic< : q. to take otT one's cap. Baillie. 
CAP. CATfoc', CArFC*. s. The fourth part of a peck ; 
ai -* a eapfn.' o' meal, salt,** kc. Clydes., S. A. For- 
f(t and Ligfpir. hjn. 
Cap. m. a wooilcrn bowl for containing meat or drink, 
£. JSsmsay. — Su. O. kojipa, cyathus ; Arab, kabf a 
c«^. Henee, perhaps. 
Caps. s. fi. The combs of wild bees, S. 
li li« Cam tor on«. To drink out of the same vessel 
w^tk cat ; as, " I wadna Iran co^ wf sic a fallow," S. 
CaP-OUT. To drink cap-vut, in drinking to Icare 

■oaing in the vessel, S. Rob Roy. T. Copoct. 
Cuif-cjr-ocT, drinking deep, S. l*ideen. 
T'rCAPSTKTDE. v. a. To drink in place of another, 
tcvb^n it bdoogs when the vessel is going round a 
fi«pa£y. S. — £. cap and atridt. 
*« CAP. r. a. To excel, Loth.— Tent, kappe, the 

Tv r.\p. r a. To direct one's course at sea. Douq- 
J*i — Tent, kape^ signum titorale. 

Si CAP, V. a. 1. To seise by violence, to lay hold of 
v^ li not oni-'s own. 8. 2. To seize vessels in a 
K'*asM7in«r way. F*mntainhaU. 3. To entrap, to 
tajaare. K. Ja- r/.— Lat. cai>-<re, Su. G. kipp-a, 

Ckftt, ff. 1. A captor, or one who takes a prise. 2. 

A ve»*1 empl«»yed as a privateer. — Bdg. Su. O. Dan. 

kspurc, ap\ratie. 
CaP-aSIREY, a. A press or enpboard, probaUj for 

koUlBf wooden vessela used at meals. Spaiding. 


CAPER, KiPEB, f. A piece of oat-cake and butter, 
with a slice of cheese on it, Perths. Clan-Albin. — 
Gael, eeapaire, Id. 

CAPERCAILYE, Capescalvkaxi, a. The monntaiu 
cock, Tetrao urogallns, Linu. S. BeUanl^n.—Q&vl 
eaptUleeoUle, id. Perhaps from Oael. cabar, a 
branch, and oootocA, acock, «. ^., acock of the branches. 

CAPERNOITEDNESS, «. Obstinacy; perversity. I}r. 

GAPERNOITIE, Capersioited, adj. Crabbed; irri- 
table ; peevibh, S. IlamilUin. — Jdi. kajtpr., certamcn, 
and nyf-a, uti, q. "one who invites fitrife." 

CAPERNOITIE, a. Noddle, 8.— Perhaps q. the seat 
of peevish humour. 

CAPEROILIE, a. Ileath peas. Orobus tuberoi^na. Linn., 
Clydes. The Knappartt of Mearus, and C'arwuZc, or 
CarmyZie of the Highlands. 

GAPERONISH, adj. Good ; excellent ; frenemllj ap- 
plied to (Niibles, Lanarics., Edinr.— Teut. kfiMfr-vn 
signifles to do or make a thing according to rule; 
from kepar, norma, liut probably it was originally 
applied to what was showy or ciogant ; from ¥r. 
ekaperon^ 0. Fr. caperon, a hood worn iu high dren.^, 
or on solemn occasions. 

CAPES, a, pi. 1. The grains of com to which the husk 
continues to adhere after thranhiug, and which apix-ar 
uppermost in riddling, liOth. 2. The Kniin which is 
not sufficiently ground ; especially where the ehvW 
remains with part of the grain. Loth. 3. FL-ikt^ of 
meal which come from the mill, wht-u Uic grain ha:» 
not been thoroughly dried, 8. B. Morismi. 

CAPE-STANE, a. 1. The cope-stone. 2. Metaphori- 
cally, a remediless calamity. Bitnu. 

CAPIDOCE, CAPT0O1.-4, a. Aberd. Reg. — Tout. kaj(pe, 
a hood, (Belg. kapie, a little hood.) and das$-en, 
vestire dupllcibus ; q. "a stuffed hood" or "cap" 7 
In Abcrd., a cap, generally that of a l)oy, a.s for 
example, what is called "a hairy cap," still receiw.t 
the name of Capie-doasie. 

CAPIE-UOLE, a. A game at tuw, In which a hole W 
maile in the gronnd, and a certain line drawn, c-ilU-d 
a atrand, bvhind which the plfiyer.s tike their 
stations. The object is, at tlii.s disUuce, to throw 
the bowl into the hole. Ho who does this mo»t 
frequently wins the game. It i.s now more generally 
called the Hole, Loth. ; but the old designation Is nut 
yet quite extinct In Angu-$ it i.s pluyed wiil^threi.- 
holes at equal distances. V. Kype. 

CAPYL, Capul, 9. A hornc or mare. Dmiglat. — Gael. 
capull ; Ir. kabbal ; C. B. keffyl ; Ilisp. carallo, Id. 

CAPILMUTE, Cabalmctr. Cattklmctk, a. The legal 
form or action by which the lawful owner of ctttle 
that have strayed, or been carriod off, pruve.'s his right 
to them, and obtains restoration. 

CAPITANE, *. Caption ; captivity. Ddlemhn. 

CAPITANE, a. Captain, Pr. AcU Cha. I. 

CAPITE BERN, a kind of cloak or mantle, as would 
seem, with a nnall hood. — Fr. caj/ftte, "a little hood ; 
bemtj a kind of Moorish garment, or »uch a mantle 
which Irish gentlewomen wearc ;" Cot^rr. 

CAPLEYNE, a. '* A steyUc eapleine," a Hmall helmet. 
WeUlaee. — Germ, kcuplein, Uomkappet tegumeutuiu 

CAP-NEB, ff. The Iron u.^ed to fence the toe of a 
shoe ; synon. lieb-Capt Ettr. For., <. e., a caj> for the 
neb or point. 

CAPPER, ff. Apparently cup-bcarcr ; a person In tho 
list of the King's household servants. PitscottU 
Copperia. V. Coppbe. 



APFXH,(. A q^dor. Ilsamt— Fniiiaijif«.thcUttei 

put oT Uie A. S. lUBE, (V. AOena^ ;f or pcrliai'i 

fraa lb m^mr^faai mode of llrlDg* from C^jwr, a 

plMtt, BT Oipfrr, I to KiK, 
To CAPPEK. p. 0. t. To HlB Mjn; ttga *-prtT<i- 

l«riB|^ Ang. 3. To eatcb, u kIw. vlalcuUr is la; 

bold of ; UDfld In ■ iflunkl ■unn, AnN-^lNhu. Jlri|nyi 

W eiOTi:lM pliHf. 
CAPPIB, Cir-ALB, I. A kinl or drink bcWHO Uble. 

igmkDon. Kflt^l 

□ tpnd i I^pbtA, oomp«UtioD, B 

CAPKEL, t. I »twt, H Id dineliif. Foha^.—Si. 
CAPROWHY. I. A ihon cluok fumtiliud ollb • biod. 

CAPTION. I. Tbe atiUlDlDC ot wijUitng Itul 1> TalB- 
bJ^Io or Bcrvlogtble ; ■ luckjr HcqaUItloia ; Ab«d,— 
L. B. oapUo. If DJHk^ vilb Prita ; Du Ovace, 

GAPTICER,!. AapUir.0B«aliale4dtliiMcapU>itf. 

•CAPTIVITY, t. WuK, doUKUwi a>, "Il'ak' 

■lUH Wea|>«*liy," Biub. 
CAPUL, I. A hocK. V. CUTL. 
CAPUSCUe,!. AppniTDUr. ■"omsn'ilwod. Abrrd. 

ffl,— Fnus Fi. cafutc B. cnjiDtiiA, It Uimk'* boot -. 

whence th« dfisl^k^DO of Ca^mcKitt frijbn. 
CAB...CiiJi, 1. A>]<idKe;BbimUe.B. H-oUoM.— Ir. 

CAIl,(.pi. CaHH, Miami V. Cjom. 

CAR, Ihe islMal >;I1bMii of nosy uwdu nl pluoi in 
lta« Woit uhI BoQlb of 8^ u C^ar^lain, Var^tAa^, 
Car-Uitg, Car-tavrraek, Aa,, Bljial^thjr « furUAod 

plUL — C. B. DOST, dgoillAll » CllIT, ODS i4 Uut iIe- 

" ■ nil, p^UnulH, or 

Qui, a 

CAft, Kitm *fj. 

rquliilDul U> "Ton'Hi 
■■BciiB Ui™ .IgolIT j< 
CAIt-UAXDIT.ivt;, 1 1 

Um un of KirttUic ar 
[-■ft. ipjiUed lo the 

DAR-SHAH-TV, Hltrrj. 


Ihe btU Mth Uh etob In 

CABAFV. I. A dKiuiHr 

> CABB. Ciuui, >. a. To 
But IiL tiuT>a. ilGalClii 

iV Al»nt. Cari all 

Fg CARBBRRt. B. n. To viBOfli. u-arfiH ptnm 

CARBIN, Gaibbm, CUbiu, i. Tbo IwUiW d 

SqoBliu BiBX'Aua, Linn. ~ ~ - 

CARUAT, CiuiT, Cia 

T. Cucun, 1. l.AotAlwtf 

BfDt Of tbi h«d. WaUoKi OtU. S. A (B> 
eowcn wora u 1 BHklua, B. [XicitiM*. 

TbCABCEIB, *. 0. TolniiiUOB.— t. a MX 
io cuwrna eimllrcM ; Da C%Bf,e. 

CARCODKtMlU, «iU. lDtliBMe,aLPIetta,A] 

To CAKD. (. a. To rsvRlieoA iib»n>I; ; To gli 
MrJitg, l<l. l^ffUu. pTiUpi lieo tbs OH •( a 
BaUoK. or trsBi «(nt ■ UBtn, isdBlwtor* 

CABKINAL, (. A long cIobIi. « uuiih * 

Ta CARIHIW, Couwa, v. a. T> I 
pBlch. M • UUdi, T»fnI4. 

CAlUK>WXB,i. A boiDbu ormtB 
Ajts. V. Cranoii. 

OARDUI, t. A ■pMlH of Udbi 

■ Tb CARE. *. a. 
• IV OABB, v. 

Bui I BptnlwDd Uul II (BCkIJI licuiilu llial 

frtnl piruaf & V, SulK-u 

ir bT oU slMb« 
I LoeliUTa, if- 





■. A ear-ealpc, made of blood and 
' •tocal, and prepAivd in ft fir7inf*|»D. Uow. 
; CASE BO!n>AT. CjJi Soxdat. AeeoniiDg to lome, 
: Oit lBm«diAtelj preeedin^ Good Friday, bat gene- 
' allj oMd to Bgnifj the tkHh fn Leal, 8. BdUmden. 
' — 6«m. fcar, niitfactio, flktim Imit-€i», fcer-en, estcn- 

dvt ; Of So. G. haer-^ to eompUin. Y. GimuaRU. 
Cilf , f . A em in timber, for admitting another piece 

rf VDOd, or aaj other lobitance, Domfr.— A. 8. 

narf'ttM, Becnre, wheoee £. to eartx ; Tent, leer/, 

r* CAUUDDLE, V. a. To diaeompose ; to mmple, 

teishBore. Syn. CyrftiJfU- 
U CAXFTTFLB, «. a. To diiorder; to tumble; to 

iiMat. ▼. Cvmrurru 
CtirUFTLE, CTJBJ>crn.a, & Tremour; agitation, 

Senth of d. Anti'iiMzrjr 
ft CAJLFCMISH, Cu&n?MUH, «. a. 1. To difftase a 

ray bad mcll, Fife. 8. To overpower ^ meanj uf 

a bad aBeO, ibid. Fonoimfi» ^noo. 
ClSGB Tq earge, in charge, in poMearioa WaUoce. 

—0. Fr. eargmer, ued as ckor^er. 
ClBTA&E, ff. A oooTcyer ; one who remorei a ttiing 
plafoe to another by legenlemaln.— Fr. 
CAKTBiLD. c. JrattloMd Pbou.— Perhaps firom Fr. 

fll^osflli. ckfOrttMOM, a beetle. 
CAUX. a4f. Soft ; pluUe. Kdlf. 
ClAUr, m^. Off part, pr. Gauging pain or care. 

C&U, J. A lonL a bonlen. Act Audit,^¥rom 

ItU. ow-o, a load, Ac. 
CilKIN, part, pr. Scratching , or rather, gmting.— 

A 8l ecore-iait, crepitare; al<o stridere, "to ciash 

«r gniifi ; to oeak ; to nuke a noise ; to charke." 

CAUDfCrO, c AcoHar. ITutdate. V. C&acat 
CaKL. r^iaiB, Ca&u, GiaLL, t. 1. A man. It is 

aiid in dku general senw, S. B. Thos they not only 

my. " A big earl." but " a Utile earl," " a rich oorf." 

A Bor. id.— A. S. corf ; Ikl. karl ; O. TeuL JlroeWa, 

Bajcoiaa. 2. Man as distingaished from a boy. 

Wjmtevn. 3. A clown : a boor, 8. A. Bor. IFyn- 

!■■«.— A 8- oeort ; 1*1. kar\ ; Belg. kaerlt, niiticas. 

A Dn« who had the manners of a boor. Kdljf. 5. 

A ■rang Bsan. Wallace. — Oenn. kerlt fortiA, cor- 

pere robosto praeditiu. 6. An old man, 8. A. Bor. 

rfatowK.— do. a. I<1. kaH, id. 
CABJrCAT. s. A male cat The female cat is called 

" A vAMHrOBif ." more property a ^^an-eoi. 
CAlL'D. part. pa. Provided with a male ; applied to 

a hot Utch. Boab. — A. 8. ceort-uin, nuptiun dart, 

"to be gjTcn in marriage; to take a huidiand," 

CARLIX, ff. 1. A little man ; a dimin. from carl, a 
CMond. 8. A term often applied to a boy who has 
the appearance or manners of a little old man. Gait. 

GAIUJN, Oabuxo, ff. 1. An old woman, S. rhiloUit. 
2. A contemptuoiu term for a woman, ulihoufrh nut 
fkr advanced in life, 8. Dou&las. 3. .V witch, Loth. 
Tweedd. Painecuik. 4. The last handful of com 
cut down in harvest-field, whun it is nut bhurn bcfuru 
llaUowmas, 8. B. If before thia, it ia called the 
Maiden. — 3u. O. kaering, kaerling, anu<(. 

CARLIN-UEATUCR, ff. Fine-leaved h'.utb, Erica 
ciiierea, Linn., 8. ; al^ called Btll-keath':r. 
] CARLIN-SUNDAY, ff. Tliat preceding Polm-Suuday, 
or the second 8unday from Ex-«ter, 8. 

GARLIN-SPUR8, s. jpl. NeL>dle furze, or petty whin, 
Genista Anglin, Linn., 8. B. q. *' the spurs uf an uIJ 


r» CABL-AO Ani, V. m. To resist : synon. to be earn- 
etairj : to iclve a Bowland for an Oliver, Fife. 

CAEL- AG Al N . To flaf Carl-again^ to return a blow ; 
to give as mncii as one receives, Ang. 

CABL eiad GAVEL. A proverbial phrase for honest 

or all without distin c tion. V. 

C&ILA«tE, adi. ChorUsh. Y. OituiB. 
CABLCRAB^ a. The male of the Bfaudt-dawed ciab, 

(^aeerfagwua, Unn.8. Sibbald. 

CAlL-bODDU. s. A Btolk of rib-grass, that bearA 

thalB««r,R Pteatagolanccolala, Unn. Doddit, bald. 

CAUrRBXP, a The laigest sialk of hemp, 8. A. 

kK.: ftal hsBp which bears the seed, Gl. Grose. 

l^wt a a iUfh . todanotoflraneisormind. Bana. 

OARUX-TEUCU, {guit.) adj. As hardy as an old 

woman, 8 B.— r«iicA, 8., tough. 
CABLING, ff. The name of a fish, fife. Suiiposed to 

be the Poggc, Coitus cataphractua, Linn. 
GARLIXGd, ff. pi. Peas binled or broiled, An^. Ac- 
cording to Sibb., ** pea»e broiled on C'are-Suuday." 
CARLISU, GamuTcn, adj. 1. Coarse ; vnl(r>ia Dan- 
bar. — A. 8. eeorlic, vulgaris. 2. Iluiie ; harsli iu 
manners. Popul. Ball. 
GARL-TANG L£, ff. The lai^e tangle, or f ucua, Mearas. 

— Pertiaps so tormed from its bvin^ covcrvd with 
small pieces of fuel, of a grayish colour, which give it 

the appearance of hoarincss or aj;u. V. Caijix- 

CARL WIFE or WIFECARLE, ff. A m:in who lut'.r- 

feres too much in hoiLschoid alTairs ; a colq[Ueuii, 

Lanarks. — From karl, a man, and wi/c, a wuman, vla 

used in 8-, or pertmpd as denoting a houscwifu. 
CAR.MELE, CiCMTLiie, Caeameil, t. lleatli pen.s a 

root, 8. Orobus tubcroi>U'*. Liuu. Pennant. — Ciu<.I. 

eairmeal, id. V. KxAPFAkT.<. 
CAR.\IILITAM8, ff. pi. Tl»e friars pr..pcrly calljJ 

CARMUDdELT, part. adj. MjuIc soft by lijhtnin- ; 

applied cittier to a iwr^on or a thin?, Ayrs. — From I'. 

B. ear-iavD, to bring, or rathi-r cur-aw, lo l>f;it. Vt 

strike, and meilk'il, nuzal, hutt, nuzjl-u. to auft<-[i. 
CARNAIL, alj. Putrid, n'allact.—yr charognLUX, 

putriflcd ; full of carrion, Cot^'r. 
GARN.VWI.N", CUKXAWI.M', *, A pjiSuful *?nsat:)n uf 

hunger, Kinross.— I>crliiipti frum K. otrt, and ilj.j ••. 

to gnaw; JI:art-gnawinj or Uinrt-lmnU'r, ^\. v. 

Car, cor, or eiir, is, how-*-vor, frt:iiu':nlly prctixtxl to 

wonlM as an intrusive lajticle. V. Cfu. 
CARNELIi, ff. .V h'.*ap ;a<liuiLn. from oiini, UKUi^ndnn. 
CARN-T.VNULK, ff. The lar;:e, Ion;,' fucus, wiiii roots 

not unlike thov; of a tree, ca»t u.>iiure uu tliu t>vuch 

after a stonn at st.'o, Ab«id., M>^ain<<. 
CARNWATU-LIKK, a'lj. 1. Uaving the npp'.anuice 

of wiMn'/ss or a*-kwanln«'-is, S. 2. Apiili-.ti lu whut 

is diatorteil, S. : ^ynnD. ikrawn. An object i» i-Avi 

to lie very VarHicaih'likr., when it ii out of thti piu- 

per line. 
CAROIy-EWYX, f. The name given in Perth.s. to th- 

last night of the yeiir ; l>ecauM yuunK pcopl*; ^\t from 

door to door frtiii^'iug caroU, for which they get aui^Ul 

cakci in rt-turu. 
To C.VRP, CAiiru. v. a. 1. To speak ; to talk ; lo n- 

lato, whether vertially, or in wriiini;. Wyntoio.i. 

a. E. id. /*. rioughuuin. 2. To sing. Miiutrdsy 

Border. — Lat. carpere, to cull. 

OAK&KL, 1. " CatrtU. On prttt, eoaMaiag li elDn, 
TlU.l.- Batn,A.l«l, 

'K orwdlghcof a burden, q. UiHt 


OA&TASB,Cuiua«,>, Antiaajtmmn 
CART-AVEB. ( A laiUMTH. K V. An> 
CABTB. (. A cbBitM, MpuBlalljBM — 

rDHisiiiit or skf. TVuKrtdl. 

1. Ths bat Dl vDod dilT*D bj oluba. < 

r CARTIL,!. 

PlATllWGUdA. , 

Aug ipob^ai 

ane'imcDBl ruulUu; 11, "Jeno^ignlUii 
lalp lefl bcr, inil ske'ii Jast cwryfC « 
aamcdiuei, MrrjrU up It Uu air, Roili. 
CABBia^j, FliuuserTi Wiguns. Snunu, « 

pounded of eath, poiUaA, hual 
m very HCCI1AL4 dBscriptlOD w 

CAKRITOH, OmiioB, j. 1. T 


meuph. ferffuam- 
proot. T foe k'm tu 

kettles, ft/lns-pmH, 

DKa. W. LMh. >i[e.— Fr. ckiriHiril ie 
' CARROT. (. Applied, t 

carrel-fwu or pcpU. 

OARTUW, I. A fratl a 

Spaldiiv-—ttai, larlpm 

■ CABT-FIHCB, 1. AipcclDtBtar 

In ScotUad, appuenUy Im 

1 CARTET. GiiTin, I. pi, 
f wtf Hida UE cDcloeed, 3. 

■ OABUEL, KuraL. t. A kind sT tbip. O* 

mramUt, id. ; TeuL kancixt ; lUtp, «an 

CABW, C4ET1I, GtlTIT. t. Chnnj, S. 
OABWINO PRIEB. SappsHdlabeikeW 
OASAKBNE, I. A klndof lorieiiL^ML e 
iBjudi, oHnUele, pmiaaaqit 

Bu Cuige, |Kn talli mijar, qd ears 

eiceplli biKhilf. 

OASODET. Cunn, 1. The fo^tlmO, of 

inponcrlptloii Jolt Jo. T/-— »iooi F( 

kaI. Tills imn hu Uis aune itfuiOa 

CASCUiBLAVTIS, 1. pi, Aa lutrsBcal 

V. Cispiciws. 
OASB, OltSK t. ChvKM. o/ cut. If d 

, JfUJa. III. 

, Oif). KslllTBl]; tMlDOKlBS U > 

tuui. Builli*. 
I 0A5XllBNTH,r.}jl. The ume (lieu br« 

an the mod ot pluses 

•blel, vorabf wotUncaererlheUclBUiBi, FITe. 3. 
A bHtgnwii, wem bj feiuUs, IMd. Oirbnut. qrun. 
— Ktlber q. cor-iict. utiufcorfMolimadtiTeai^iiieii; 

tTuaSI« ■ iliert diMli. 
GAB-aADDLB, 1. Tba tmiii uddle pBtniliebuk 
of ft caiTliet-barM, for tappaniaii Ihe (roiM or •halts 
uf the BUrtngo, a. CuriaMU, Upp. Olyiln f eriTi 
C^iU.— From cur, Dun. hartt ; Su. 0. kaem, Rhl- 

hvT-M. nbore : siut loAlli. 
OABaAIK,!. Tlio«(N)llcD>luIluUalter(it|r. Aitti. 


OABSB. Knu>. i. ■>« 
Omrit, Tkt Oant «/ SUrHnd. 


appnalM pinles n 
to drin ■ ball 

A (line, plv*l mik ell 
M)ri; lhanUaoraMhi 
Uo ■ hel* beMnglRg u 

Un: D(, parhBpa, niher itllltd » U 
ilreDnni, uTkdicaltF Uiisuuwtlta Mik 
T. 1. Tneuriirtid iiiuliii«lJtlial(Kn n 

Danrr. S. IMIoU. 001 MIe u oda* t 
klili*.Diimfi.— ThiiUoii 




ralkmUvv, Bosb. S. fMwftid, IMd. 
la origfrnUj the nme with (kOakie. 
Xi, «. ». To sqvabMep MewiUL 
qiBbMe ; a brolL— S«. 0. kam-m, 
t-em^ mthAtn. 

jri. Ilflb-cacrien, or people vho 
die warn thiom^ tbe TiUagee. — Fr. 

spiTAWB, Caspis laws, «. jrf. An 
nreforBerlyaeedinS. MaeUmrim*s 
erittpe fton Tent. JmnuMi iwiMtti 
locking, and loan*, lc]^afl, q. ** the 

■Mke Teid;toaaaiiL AeUJa.IV. 
iu B. «in rirfli Srritiim reddere. 
see ; nocident, 0. S. Id. WaiUue. 
teae. Baricmr.-^Wr. cm, matter. 

.— L.B. 
apedes tepidU pretlod ; ChOI. 

. 1. AeorterimikelBideoribrav, 
iaabeOermeol^aB. Bramd, It 
e<e. 1. Ueed in Orknej liutflfld eC a 
made like a bu-dtq^ and wed for 
Slatiat, jl€C— Teat, teise, capm, 
: Ital. eoiM ; L. B. eocMS, id. ; So. G. 
, in quo pieoei poitantnr, !«. 
^ Dcfieeted; rooted. BeUcmlm. — 
eok ; toeimh. 

rift ; a oenfeortSon ; m^ Hit neck Juu 
, m wramg eatt^ 8. S. Oppottonitj ; 
Mmtalitf. 8. A torn ; an erent of 
ou. 4. Lot; fate. HamUten. 6. 
riev. DmtifUa. 6. Subtle coBtrir- 
Wfmtown. 7. factlitj in 
loal work, laeh espeeiailj as re- 
or expeftnese, S. DomoUu. S. Le- 
(ht-er-haDd. HoulaU. 9. The effect 
BanHSnted in literaiy worka Dong- 
t ttf one'* ftoiKi, occasional aid, aoch 
Oilier by one paaaing by, in perfonn- 
exeeed* one's strength. 11. Applied 
Bt iKTOtt a oosi,*' mid of one who is 
re some d^rree of mental defect, or 
ellcct.— C. B. ecuf signiflcs a trick, 
bMt. atodas ageodi. 
strict ; a tiact of eoontry, 8. 2. That 
e in which one bavela, & JSocs. 
t of herrings, haddocks, oysters, Ac, 
. 8.— So. e. ktuA-^ to cast, to thruw. 
H^raio haleenm. 

To OK ; to propose ; to bring forth. 
nyWs," LLfl., to exhibit excuses.— 

Ve«|Nt from the stomach, 8. B. Ktat, 
to cstt op, K. 

Ipptiad toenra. 1. To beat thera ap 
**•, 8. J. To drop them for the pnr- 
>ttaa ; sonmoa piactice at Hallowe'en, 

• te gltei coet of lime or plaster, 8. ; 
■^•^e. Isflften ased in this senie by it- 
■JJ J^"|* te be OBie or rtmifk-cast, 8. 
if refers to the mode of 
^ a bf tknming it from the 

• •PpUedtobeea 8.— AI- 
VMA«.a., iftmast hare 

boeir origlnany aetiwe^ q. to send forth ; to throw offa 
•warm ; from 8a. G. katt-a, Jaoere, mittert. 

CASTING, a. The act of iwarming, as applied to bees ; 
aa, *• The bees aie joisl at the castim%" 8. —** Before 
I go on to advise yva ahoat the swarming or eastino 
of yoor bees, I shall here say a word or two oooeem- 
ing the entries and eorers of hlTes," MeunotWs Ass- 

Ti> CA8T a dod 6efie0eii pertongf to widen the breach 
between them, 8. B. Bott. 

To CAST a ttotu at one, to renoonoe allocmnezioD with 
one, 8. 

To CAST OUT, V. ». Tb qmird, 8. Aisssay. 

To OAST UP, V. a. To throw any thing in one's toelh ; 
to npbrsld one with a thing, 8. Bou. 

Tb CAST UP, V. a. 1. To throw npa seom ; particolariy 
applied to mUk, when the eream is separated on the 
top, 8. S. To resign ; to give np with ; to disoon- 
tinae ; E. to tkrom wp. SpakUng.—Bw. kast-a up ; 
Dan. opkaMtrCTf to throw up. 

To CAST vp, V. II. 1. To occor ; to come in one's way 
accidentally ; pret coat up^ 8. Sa»on and QaA. 
This idiom haa» perhaps, been borrowed fhmi the 
praetlee of casting or tossing op a piece of ooln, when 
it is meant to refer any thing to chance. 2. To be 
fbnnd ; to appear, although presently oat of the way. 
It most generally denotes an accidental reappearance, 
or the discovery of a thing when it is not immediatdy 
sought for, 8. 

To CAST UP, V. II. The doads are mid to eaat up, or 
to be catting up^ when they rise from the horison, so 
as to threaten ndn, 8. Y. Upoastivo. 

To CAST WoaDS, to quarrel, 8. B. fTyntoiOfi.— So. G. 
ordktutOj to quarrel. 

To CAST, V. n. To clear ; used to denote the appear- 
ance of the sky when day begins to break, 8. B.— The 
sky now casta, an' the birds begin to sing. 

It's CASTUt* up. The sky is beginning to dear, after 
rain, or rery louring weather, 8. 

To CA3T, V. II. To warp ; to shriTcl, 8.— "The larix 
is liable to ccui, as we call it, or to warp, after baring 
been sawn into deals." Agr. Swrv. Stirl. 

To CAST AT, r. a. To spurn ; to contemn.— Isl. atkaat, 
insultatio, detrectatio. 

To CAST Catils. To cast lots. Y. Catbl, sense 2. 

To CAST Catill be Sohs oa Sohadow. To cast lots 
for determining whether, in the division of lands, the 
person dividing is to begin on the sunny, or on the 
bhaded side of the lands, 8. BeU/our. 

To CAST Couwr. To make account of ; to care for ; to 
regard, Aberd. 

To CAST A Ditch. To make a ditch ; to cast a trench. 

To CAST GuDSS. To throw goods oveiboard, for 
lightening a ship. Bal/our. 

To CAST III on one. To subject one to some calamity, 
by the supposed influence of witchcraft, 8. YvIll, s. 

1^ CAST opsir, V. a. To open suddenly, 8. Spald- 

To CAST Pbats, or Tuars. To dig them by means of 
a spade, S. Spalding, 

To CAST A Stack. When a stack of grain begins to 
heat, it is coMten, or turned over, in order to lis being 
aired and dried, S. 

CAST-BYE, I. What is thrown aside as unserviceable ; 
a ca»taway, South of S. Heart Mid-Loth. 

CAST EWE, Cast Vow. One not fit for breeding ; the 
same with Dnmcht Ewe^ q. v. Roxb. 

CAST-OCT, a. A quarrel, 8. ; svn. Outcaat. 



M "Tirim ifiri iiinvriiiiT 

CATCLUKB, CinsKm, (. 

>^." Badd. Du.taif(^«% 




Is ilicli in the ImI* which he hms newly 
■klac lids change, the bof who has O&e 
ikttiBloaBeBpfeThoiew Ifhetoooeeds 
(f wbo iHid not hU adck (forthe stick Ib 
• bole to whldi he had nm, is pm oat, 
CO Iko halL When the CiU is <» Oe 
pJiifli tiM tew* of tihe game to pot the 

**8tilx B«bo^ (liim. sjrst.) falyogle, 
ovtu* BdmamgUm^9E«a. V. Katoolb. 
(.a. To Hurosi the fiager foidhly under 
■iharoos aode of diastising, Domfr. ; 

il. T0 0i€ muhU eeMiUi, to-poniah him 
bid.— Bdg. UUen, denotes the gilU of a 
; loBo, the lap of the car. 

1. A Tcry shoitdistanee as to space, 8. 

emiwamjtet^. Hogg, 2. A moment; 
wP je in a cotfewp^'* i. e., instanUj, *' I 
fom aa qniefcly as a ca< can le^)," S. T. 

" Vo tanble die eafmaw /* to gc topsy- 

s prorider. ITattaoe.-^. 
▼. Katoubu. 
% «. ». To contend ; to quarrel. Bosh. 

A s a pp oaed disease to which the roots 
B am irttfeot ftom handling cats too fre- 
. la also bdScred, in Angus, tiiat if a cat 
Msed a dead body afterwards walk orer 
ahcwM, the ftsatfoT that house wiU die 
ear. Another superstition prcTails, that 
\ uoM od over a dead body, the first per* 
toaps orer will become Mind. The sup- 
ff, in SQch dreumstancea, has been traced 
te design to guard the bodies of the dead 
taivofoas aalmak ¥. Cattbe. 
CAiBoca. Szpl. "a diminutiTe person 
ftea," Stiathmore. 

lAOS. The Basse pteT that is otherwise 
lim^t OislUon, q. t., Loth. 
^Ll, s. A plaything for children, made of 
I en the flngets e( one person^ and trans- 
I thcsi to dkose of another, 8. 
\t. 1. The down that ooTers unfledged 
I ; synoa. Fuidodckair. 2. The down on 
<ta9i» before the beard grows, 8. 8. Ap- 
» tsihsthfai hair that often grows on the 
Tcmasia tad health, 8. 
Bi I. The Biica of mineralogists, 8. ; the 
<( the Tulgar in Oermany.— Teut. 
, Tulgoaigentumfellom ; 

i?»> Tbc UBS giren to the AuricuU ursi, 

'^^t* A plaything for children, made of 
^ysBuiid, « tape, which is so disposed by 
■••ste hn down Uke steps of a stair, Domfr. 

^^ ^ «f dM upright stones which sup- 

ifbd^"* ^^ ***** **° ***^** ^^^* Roxb. 
^■■*U» «f Carron gntes, these tUmet 

^yt^^^J- T»»e tenn is said to 
; the fkyonrite seat of the oeU. 

""■^^t. Ite flat top ef the Ckitnctone, 

•"■"■^ef Iha stones in the 

0AT8-TAIL8, «. pi. Hare's-Tai^Rush, Eriophorum 
Tsginatum, Unn. Meams. ; also called Canno-doion, 
QU-TaOs, Galloway. 

OATTEN.CLOVXB, Gat-is-oldtsb, «. The Loti», 
8ottthof8. 8w.lDalM:{or, cat's daws. V. CATSiLLsa. 

OATTSB, CATaaa, «. 1. Catarrh. Bdlendm. 2. A 
siqipooed disease of the fingers from handling cats. 
y. Catbiok. 

CATTERBATOH, «. A broil, a quarrel, Fife. Teut 
hataTt a he-cat, and boet$e, rendered cariliatio ; q. 
*' a cafs quarrel.'* 

To OATTERBATTEB, v. n. To wrangle ; at times im- 
laying the idea of good hnmoui^ Tweedd. ; evidently 
from the same origin with the preceding. 

CATTLS-BATK, «. A common, or extensiTC pasture, 
where cattle feed at large, 8.— From ooMe, and raik, 
to range. V. Raib. 

CATWITTIT, a4j. Harebrained ; unsettled ; q. baring 
the wOtofaoat, 8. 

CAVABITRD, «. A thick fhU of snow, SheO. 

To CAUGHT, V; a. To catch, to grssp. Dougl^, — 
Formed frun the pret of eatA. 

To CATE, Kbvb, v. o. 1. To push, todrire backward 
and forward, 8. 2. To toss. ** To eave the kead^** to 
toss it in a haughty or awkward way, 8. CMand. 

To CAYE oosr, «. n. To fsli orer suddenly, 8. Mel- 

CAVE, «. 1. A stroke, a push, 8. 2. A toss.— Isl. 
Qxafi't cumimpetu, rehementer. 

To CAYE, V. a. 1. To separate grain from the broken 
straw, after threshing, 8. B. 2. To separate com 
from the chaiT, 8. A. — ^Teut Icao-en, erentilare 
paleas;.or the r., both as signifying to toss and to 
separate, may be riewed as the same with IsL Xm^-o, 
rolutare ; kqfa i A«y<^ ^ ^>o^ ted, or cave hay. 

CAYE, «. A deficiency in uuiderstanding, Aberd. — 
Teut. Jkaye, stultus, insanns. 

CAYEB, «. A state of ctmimotion, or perturbation of 
mind, Aberd. ; perliai>s q. Fr. cos vt/, a matter that 
gires or acquires actirity ; like S. Pavii, 

CAYSL, Cavill, «. A low fellow. 

CAYEL, Cauil, Gaplb, Kavbl, Kbtil, s. 1. Expl. 
*'a rod, a pole, a long staff." Ckr. Kirk.—an. Q. 
kajit^ pertica, bacillus ; Oerm. katU^ a club. 2. A 
lot, 8. Jteu^ 8. A. Hence, " to cast cavd«," to cast 
lots. Cavd, id. Northumb. WaUaot. 3. By Rudd. 
oawUit is not only translated lots, but " responses of 
oracles." Jkmo^^u- 4* State appointed, allotment 
in Proridence, 8. B. Bou. 6. A division or share 
of property, as being originally determined by lot, S. 
B. Xioto Cau. 0. Used to denote a ridge of growing 
com, especially where the custom of run-rig is re- 
tained, Perths.— Su. G. Isl. Aeq/Ie, which primarily 
means a rod, is transferred to a lot in general ; Teat. 
kavd^ a lot, kavel-tn^ to cast lots. 

To CA YELL, v. a. To divide by lot, 8. B. Law Cote. 

KArBLiMo Ajn> Dbubo, casting lots and dividing the 
property according as the lot fells ; dividing by lot. 

CAYER, KAriB, t. [pron. like E. brave.] A gentle 
breese, a term used on the western coast of S. ; pro- 
bably from the V. Cave, to drive ; q. one which drives 
a vessel forward In its course, or perhaps as including 
the idea of Uming ; synon. Savor. 

To CAYIE, «. n. 1. To rear, or prance, as a horse, 
Aberd. Meams. 2. To toss the head, or to walk with 
anaiiy and affected step, ibid. A diminutive from 

' C«itw, Aeee, v. 

CAYIE, «. 1. A hencoop, 8. J, Nicd. 2. In former 
times the lower part of the cMMirie, or meat-press. 


^nilcd.— TtU. 

irIn.-O. I OWM, PllH' 

OAina. M 

V, Cii« WW, 
W uU. Hix 

V. Cili, ». 
•in;. Fall 


till iBiwll Of Ibi wiMr, 

■-bnd, e. A. Car Xdu 

femllujt tbs Uod i^tblufl 

CAULIMASTaH-TO, 04- Llftlw.- anU; liul[ild, 

perlmia, la oiliM conaM* 
broDfliL In tnuB Uii deU w 
I CADLE&. a.(f. CwL V. Oiuoi 
> CAULKEtt.!. The blodictwla 

OAUl-B, Cilmi, Ctot 

p deoDiB ■ fin ; Ss, O. tay^ 

OAUV»NA, Bipl. ■'■ •klliu'i «•■ 

■D, upcckullT vliea HmcUilni; of 

il; ^iDvnll; iDcludci Ibe Idoi 


■pidlHl U ■ HrmoD latubei] *i 
Ktne audiUrj, S. 3, Dwd u an 
Dili or itislf id repirUlloD Id what 

monlruudlnilieWutaia. J^^B 
nrad Ihal tlie wmdlittat aawlD MM) 

CAUSET. Oltnui, (. A MnM, & Daae 
kaitUijt. 14. 1. n Khii At Caamt, m, 
vf At cauirf, ID appsf opuly -, m u 
cintli uil rMpcoiabJlliT : q. W IM aaimti 
or>kii1kliut,«(*l(UvslwDBall4^a. J 
Z To miitki Own ^ tt> CtaMIf , M * 
]>ridear>dHir4HiiniiKa. «a<Mfc 
; CAU3EYBR.1. ODEVlisBakuaaaMq 
lAHaBT-CLOTHKfl, .. j4. Orm UbUi 
appear Ib public, S. iTaOltf. 
■ CACSEY-rACKD. ftV. Om " 
TlLhoat bLiudLlnn, or haa a 
ilberi. S. a 

- CAcsi;r'TAi.i3, I. fi. ( 





liaiBMi1,iiul]r pisi. Jri 


Lau piki; oppoi 
. SKn. Hiak 
iSav Ui cnuld atmtkn-, 

,1) STEER. Boui Bilk and tntiil tttmduttlUa 

n> Ctw nuW. Ts Q 


CAULK- WIS', .. 

Ito, fplritouv 




r< 8. **He hM DM the wiMe to ea* OU 

f • 9 mM w mrd," ma oU pronrarb ilgiiliying 
e of Inf pTity which ■nftts a ■*& for the 
ees or Ufe." OL AaHqmry, ttl. SM. 2. 
h a« cmmim§ nUtfm haiUrard," a phnae 
■only ooed to denote any thiog that Is of 
thftC U wiworthy of may eoooern, or of the 
xerfioo la its behiOi; & Z.**Iwadnneam 
f soy Jhale-yortf," % prorerMsl phfMe eon- 
ily spoken of a Teiy InilgnHUmnt person, 
vbom BO aoeoont is msde ; tn sUoston, as 
B, to Iho difriof of any destnietiTe anlinal 

eryi To siBCTer In walkinf ; a Tidgar 
wd of ooo who is dronken, and horrowed 
Mces^ty of fSoUovinf a flock of iheep from 
Ic, when they are drlTen on a road, nf e. 
fa ITtf* or IToy. "Cam your wtf," is a 
imse lifBiiyiac ** BBOTeon,** q. drire away ; 
f Tgmar —as, far ** go away," 8. Asst. 
's ITeffv fo As ff ai. TosDors. Ofooewho, 
wiav, iDdlcatea that he is fast adeep, it U 
c's cmste his Jkops to Ac &«," Aheid. 
}AUf, «. «. To oootradict, Aherd. Per- 
ad of seconds ly seass of AoaukjalLi v. to 

:T]fin8. **LaMskyBiiIsaiidea«arslrynn<s" 
V. Appaiently calf skins.— So. O.lsa//i0ar, 

pn. latifned, wearied of any thing 
k, Lolh. — Perhaps an allusIoD to the fktlgue 
when driven far, from Csw, to drlTe^ and 

A calf, 8. Ab€rd.lteff. 

;KTRY, Ciwf -fiainn). T. GALr-cocartT. 

a. A loc ▼. Caxml, and to CorrcH bi 

s. TheactofdflTinfr, 8. Aberd. lUg. 

Chalk, 8. Ocnttt, A. Bor. ITaZfaoe.— A. 
AlcsB. cole ; Dan. Belg. hOck ; Id. kdlk; 
A / lAt esla, Id. 

s. 1. The hinder part of a horse's shoe 
d, and pointed downwards, to prevent the 
■ sliding on the ice, S. 2. Metaph. need to 
aenml acrimony. <7«y Mtrnnerinff. S. 
a dnm ; a gla<s of ardent spirits, S.— Isl. 
rns, keik-^, recnrri ; as referring to the 

L A contempCnoQs name for a man, 8. , 

» M. estoi. CldUmd. 

CB, «. a. To qniet, to caba, Upp. Gydes. ; 



s. A BOttid. JcCi Jo. V. T. CAum. 
r. Apparenay, an emperor, or Casar ; as 
Is a n si irlmfi written Ccmr. Cftron. 8. Poet. 
A sort of sack or net made of straw, 8. B. 
mm. a flah neL Y. Cissii. 
LAIB, a sort of eaij chair of itrKw, phUted 
aner in which bee-hires or skept are made, 

k aaall tab.** Ol. Airv. Nairn and Moray. 
Thus it is evidently the same 

ITS, a Oaellc designation, nsed to denote 
if a dan, Hishfauads of 8. O pron. hard, 
Nwrlcf. 6nal. os a w n, head, e<ne, a race, 
ily; tU mmta with A. 8. ohm, genns ; Isl. 

fXDKIVT, t. The person who exeeotes a deed of resig- 
nation ; a forensic term ; ImH. eed-trt. AcU Ja. VI. 
— " (kdaU is he who grants an assignation ; and he 
who reoeires it is termed Cessloner or Assigny." 
Spottiswoode's HS. Uw. Diet. 

To OSIBS, 8aa8, v. a. to search. JkmgUu— Jr. 
tkertk-tr ; ItaL etre-artj M. 

OELATIOUNR, t. Concealment. Alia Mary. 

CXLDB, CiLDaa, s. A chaklcr, or sixteen bdls of 
8ooCs measure.— L. B. oelira is used In the mmo 

3b CELB, V. a. To conceal, to keep secret Bal/om'a 
Prac—Wr. ed-er ; IaL oel-ars. 

OXLICALL, oc^. Hearenly ; celestlaL Ihufflaa. 

CKLT, «. 1. The longltodinal and grooved instrament 
of mixed metal (bronae), often found In 8. naPiraU. 
2. Ston e Celt , the name given to a stone hatchet, 8. 

CENGBA8Tn8, a. A serpent of a greenidi colour, 
having its q>eckled bdly covered with qwti re- 
sembling millet-ieeds. WaUon'a CoU.—tr. cmt€krit4, 
J^i. ee$tekrua, id. 

OENSSMSNT, a. Jodgment. T. SasBMnrr. 

CBBCIOUB, a. A searcher. ** CercUmrU, veslaris,'* 
Ac. Aberd. Meg, 

To CEBS&f V. a. To search. AcU Ja. IT.— It, 

CEBT. For eertt with a certainty ; beyond a doubt, 
Pife.— Fr. d la carte, id. Y. Cbbtt. 

CXBTAINT, a4f. Coir, from S. oerfafa, the mode of 
pronondation in the northern ooonties of 8. J^ald- 

GSRTT, Cbetib, t. Hy mf eerly, a kind of oath 
epnlvalent to trofK, 8. Saxon and Oad.—lt is pro- 
bable ttiat Pr. certe had been anciently pronounced 

CXBTIONAT, part. pa. Certified. A forensic term. 
— L. B. oer(iofi-are, aecorum reddere. 

CX8SI0NAB, Cbssiosaeb, a. The person to whom an 
assignment of proper^ is legally made ; $jn. with 
Aaaiffnay. Balfour. 

CEST, Cissrr.jjrrt. Seised. WaUaee. 

CH. Words of Goth, origin, whether 8. or E., be- 
ginning with ck, sounded hard, are to be traced to 
those in the Oerm. or northern langosges that liave 
k, and in A. 8. e, which has the same power with k. 

CHACHAND, part. pr. Ckachand the gait, pursuing 
his course. M, CoUyear.—O, Pr. ekook-ier, to chase ; 
to pursue. 

To CHACK, V. n. To dsck, to make a clinking noise, 
8. CUland. 

To CHACK, V. a. 1. To cut or bruise any part of the 
body by a sudden itroke ; as when the sash of a win. 
dow falls on the fingers, 8. 3. To Job ; synon. Pro6, 
A(o6, Dumfr. 8. To give pain in a moral sense, 8. 
4. To lay hold of anything quickly, so as to give it a 
gash with the teeth, Ettr. Por— E. cAecfc ; Tent, koefe- 
ea, kek-tn, Increpare ; synon. 8. B. Chat, q. v. 

CHACK, Chatt, $. A slight repast, taken hastUy, 8. 
(roU.— Q. a cAeck for hunger. 

Pam ilt-Chaok, $. A family dinner, exdudii^ the Idea 
of ceremonious preparation, 8. Balb Roy. — It is also 
pronounced ckeek. 

CHACK, Chbok, $. The Wheatrear, a bird, Orkn. 
Motacllla oenanthe, Linn. Barry. — Nearly the lame 
with the last part of its Qerm. name, aUin aekwaker, 
Y. SrivB-CHAOKia. 

To CHACK, V. n. To check, 8. Heooe, 

CHACK-REEL, Cbboe-Rbbl, a. The common reel for 
winding yam. It it thus denominated, because it la 




ClAMRT, cdj. Harlnir imlaed 
PalitM </ J 

^Tcut. tdkamp-tn. 

CHiXCKLUUI, t. Chancery. JLett Ja. VI.— Wx. 
dMWtme, td. JohnMm oooiecturea that E. dUmeery, 

hukKn."pntebl7, rfcawccUgry, then ■horteneO." 
CliSaLLOR 9f a JuTTf. The foreman of ll» & 


ftCHAHCH, T. a To chance. Atta Ja. V. 
CIA3K^. Ml;. 1. Vortonate, happy, d. Dcmt^.— 

fr.dkoMMHS. UL 3. Forehodlng food fSortane, 8. 

Aij penoQ or Udng Ticwed a« inanspicioat, la laid 

li k M dk«My, 8. Thlm term U TOiy conmonlj 

qpM to ooe e'ao U suppoMd to be Gonrefmnt with 

■qpetf aiu. 3. Safe in a Uteiml sente ; bat com- 

wm^ oMd with the ncfEatlTe prefixed ; aol ekoney. 

Ml afe. daaferooii. Som. 
CHASDLE&», t. ▲ candlestick, 8. £aauay. 

-f^. dflM^ftcr, m bianch for holding candles, used 

ihTiqeelj. Orote mentions dkamuUcr. 
CKAIDLnUCnAFTS, CHAX'Lsa-CiArTB, «. |rf. lan- 

tm-Jsva ; thin check-blades, 8. Skinwr. 
CUSG, s. Appavbntly, reiteration (tf one thiDf, 

Akid. Okumta* ekan^. iSUniMr._Tbis word 
to be used In a similar sense with Chann^rin ; 
ynhaps, to IsL Irionde, ATlum vox ; crocitos^ 

f "s croaking wend." T. Cbibmb. 
CBAICGI. «. Castoae; as denoting the practice of 

k^larfrem eeitain penons, 8. IVala't Jfoeatate 

CBASEGl. CaAiraB-HocBB, Chaimi-Hocsb, t. A 

ftosll ian or alehouse, 8. SmuAUIL 
nUVGB-KKKPSR, t. 0ns who keeps an alehooie, 

tosfctty inn, Perths. lanarks. 
d^KOX 8BATS, TH£ KING'8 com. AgameweU 
kasea In Loch, and in the 8oath of 8.— In this game 
iSBaay scats are placed itrand a room as will serre 
iB fte company mve one. The want of a seat falls 
m the indiridoal by a kind of lot All the rest being 
nstod. he who has no seat stands in the middle, re- 
pmtSa* the voids, ** Change seats, cliange seats," Ac., 
while all the reit are on the alert to obienre when he 
** The King's eome," or as it is Munetimes ez- 
" The King's coming ;" as they mait then all 
rise and change their Mats. The sport lies in the 
msde in oooseqnence of erery one's endcaroor- 
ID avoid the mlsfortaoe of being the unhappy 
vbo is left without a seat Rob Boy. 
This game, allhoogh childish, is eridently meant to 
Bficirie the politicai scramble for places on occasions 
^a ehsBfe o^ froremment or on the soccesslon. 
CHAXLXBrCiiAfTED, uij, lantern-jawed ; having 
bke a cftoiuDcr cr candlestick, 8. B. Joum. 

CBAII5KL. «. A gutter; a kenccl. Bal/<mr*$ Pratt. 
fr. dheaal ; Bdg. kennel ; Lat. raaol-ii. id. This 
word has been probably borrowed from the French, 
while residing In thisoountrr, during the reign of Mary. 

CHAXXEL, s. Orsrel, 8. (synon. dkod.)— Perhaps 
framefconiM^, thebcd of a river. T. Cbiiiolb. 

CHA5!CKLLT. «(;• GrsTelly. 8. Statist. Aee. 

CHAim EL-8TANE, «. The name giren to the stone 
mod za th'! diTersion of curling. OaU. — Perhaps 
ftei dcncmiaatc^. as they are generally such as are 
token from the bed of a rirer. 

CB4!V5EK, w. Orarel ; often Chamnen ; sjnon. with 
CkmmH. Aberd. 

fk CBAX NKB* «. a. To f^t to be in a chiding ho- 
■oer. 8. Mimdnin BarOer.—Ir, eammr-am, to 

mutter or grumble ; Gael. id. eaanroa, contention, 
CHANGS, adj. Gray ; hoaiy. Amalot.— Ut coaw. 

V. Oabois. 
CHANRT-KIRK, CBisrHBBT-KiaK, «. Corr. of Ck<i- 
iMnry, or Catumrjf kirk, <. e., Kirk of the Canons, S. 
CHANTER, t. The flute-like tube of the iMgpSpe, on 
which the tune is played, 8. Lady of the Lake.— 
Gael. eaniaiVi chanter, (8haw,) apparently a singer ; 
primarily ai^lied to the person ; hence, perliaps, to 
the instrument 
CHANTERI8, «. pi. Laics endowed with ecdesiasUcal 

benefices. Bamnatyme Poems. 
CHANTT, Cbahtib, s. A chamber-pot ; an urinal ; a 

cant tena, Roxb., Ayrs., Tife, Aberd. Pieken. 
CHANTICLEER, s. A name given to the Dragonet 
Firth of Forth.—" Callionymus Lyra, Dragonet ; 
Ckantideer, or Gowdie." NeiU's List of Fishes. 
This name is also given to a cock, Scot and Eng. 
CHANTIE-BEAK, s. A prattling child ; a chatter-box, 
Roxb.— Apparently firom Fr. diatU-er^ to warble, (E. 
tkasU,) as expressive of cheerfulness, and 6cc the bill 
or beak. V. Bbik, s. 
CHANTIN*. adj. Loquadoos, and at the same time 

pert Roxb. 
CHAP, s. 1. A fellow, a contemptuous term ; some- 
times dUippie, or " litOe chap," 8. Bums. 2. Like 
diieldt it is also applied to a female, 8. B. Boss.— 
8u. G. kaepSt keips^ kaebs, homo senrilis condition! s. 
lb CHAP, V. a. 1. To strike with a hammer, or any 
Instrument of similar use, 8. — Teut Icopp-en, inci- 
dere ; Belg. sckopp-en, to strilie, 8ewel. 2. To chop, 
to cut into small pieces, 8. 3. To bruise ; to beat ; 
to break, 8. B.— Teut kapp-en, conscindere mioutim. 
lb CHAP Aancb, to strike hands, especially in conclud- 
ing a baigain, 8. Boss. 
To CHAP <^, to strike off. — 8u. G. kapp-a, to ampu- 

To CHAP. V. n. 1. To strike ; " the knock's cMappin," 
the clock strilies, S. Guy Mannering. 2. To chap 
at a dooTf to linock, to rap, 8. Sir Egeir. 
CHAP, Cbacp, Choke, «.• 1. A stroke of any kind ; a 
blow, 8. Buriu.— Teut kip, ictus ; Moes. G. kaupat- 
jan, coUiphos ingerere. Or perhaps Su. O. kaepp, 
bacttlus, a stick. 2. A tap or rsp, 8. Minst. Bord. 
Z Boyd uses choppe in the same sense. 
To CHAP, Cbadp ok/, Chaups, v. a. 1. To fix upon 
any person or thing by selection, 8. Hence the 
phiaae, Quxp ye, chuse ye. Ramsay. 2. Suddenly 
to embrace a proposal made in order to a bargain ; to 
hold ooe at the terms mentioned, S. — Belg. kipp-m, 
to choose ; which seems only a secondary sense of the 
V. in Teut, as signifying to lay hold of. 
CHAP, s. The act of choosing ; C%apand choice, great 

variety, 8. B. Boss. 
CHAP, «. A shop, if any. 
lb CHAP out, V. a. To call out by a tap on a pane of 

the window, 8. Blackw. 
7b CHAP yont, v. n. To get out of the way, Aberd. 
Apparently equivalent to E. Aop about, ad applied to 
the shifting of the wind. Tarrcu^s Porms. 
CHAP Avo CHOICE, great variety. S. Gl. Shirrefs. 
CHAPDUR, s. Chapter. Chart. Aberd. 
CHAPIN, CHArriv, «. Chopin, a quart 8. Shirrrfs. 
To Tab a CBArrix, is a circumlocution commonly u^ed 

to express an attachment to intoxicating liquor, 8. 
CHAPlis, s. pi. EstabUshed prices and rates. V. 




nCHAW, «. «. 1. To freiy to piav. DMi^lat. S. To 
ptfokt, u Trz, S. — O. Fr. cftoioA*. to put In p^in ; 
ft.dl»lk^ "duappointed, frasuatfld,** Cotgr. 

CaiAP or. A Scouiih idiom commonly npplied to 
me vko mpenbinidantiy deaenresmny nflkont or mis- 
fcrtone he ha* met wtih ; q. eftoop o/ tt. 

nSABT, CaBEMB, a4i. Cheerful, 8. Pitken. 

ClUATBIE, Chbatvt, s. L Deceil; tiw^ 8. JPIoim- 
•iUUU. 2. The act of cheatinf ; flmwl ; deceit in 
■mmatfle dcaliiiKs, pUy. or othenriie, 8. 

CHliTUK^ Cbkatkt. adj. 1. Fmodfol ; deceitful ; 
"A Aeatrie body," one eddieted to cheating, 8. 2. 
AppUcd to the meant ued for decepdon, 8. ; as In 
At aU adacc " Ckeatrit game 111 aye kythe," i. e., 
play will »ho« it*elf loooer or later. — ^A. 8. 
cncoBTentio ; 8u. O. tyl-Of motare, permntare, 
IkK ; dolose imponere, 8eren. Ckeatrie may, tndeeil, 
be lirvfd aa compoonded of A. 8. otxlt, circnmren* 
£«, tad rict diref ; q. *' rich in deceit" 

CHtAT-TUE-WUDDIS, udj. Defmuding the gaIlow>» 
tf ito ri^tfnl prvy. Si ; «. One who def nods the gal- 

l0Vt. JM* M09. V. WlMMI. 

CII4n^ Cans, t. The swret-bread. Ckiti and 
a common dish in 8. <. «., kidneyi and sweet- 

WaUm't CM. 
a. A bird. T. Cbacx. 
CHKE2PAIU a. A box on the ear ; a blow on the 
or chops ; q. ok«e&play.-~rrom Teat, fpel, b1«o 
Iwlaa. dufktpool, Fife. 
CIEDHRR, a. Ck/tdker Mate, an nnlntelligible phrase. 

Clvt. Sameti Amdr. V. Cvudsbmb. 
CIXICKIS. Ckbub, Cbbckib, oAj, Full of canning, 

Abnd. rorrot.— TeuL ierfce, fallacia, dolus. 
A CHICK, «. a. "TO flatter," Ql. Skirrrft, Aberd. 
taL k m tk^a siimifiea to pilfer, auppUare, manticu- 
hit ; or fram the mane origin with Cheedcit. 
CaXEM.*/ Ike Fire. The side of the fire, Soxb. Ingle 

CHEEK- BLADE, a. The cheek-bone, 8. CUland, 
miEX-FOB-CUOW. GbeekbyJole,S. V. Cnou 
/•CHEEX. V. a. To knodc one down, Orkn.— Perhaps 

'I flhginmlly denoted a stroke on tlie chops, from I^. 

kiammi, BBazaia. 
CAIEKEK, a. A gUsa of spirito mixed with warm 

vscrf and soipEar ; a tnmiler of toddy. South of 8., 

krrt. Ouff MeumerinO' 
CbKBgX'H AKE, a. A frame for diying cheeses when 

•rwly made, 8. T. IIakb. 
CHEBCKACK, a. The suns with Ck<ettkake, 8. 

CHUT, imUrj. The call directed to a cat, when one 
eiAet her to approach, 8. It is generally doubled ; 
•«. (%tft f ekett /—There seems to be little rcanon to 
A«flhc ihAt ihik is from Fr. efcot, the name given to 
LkU ac:Ewd. 

CHirrturN, a. a piece of ornamental head-dress 
ferisdiett. Y. EcnArraoux. 

CHKY^'ITIM MEtS, a. A principal dwelling-place, 
oraaiMr-bonM. AetaJa.VI. Y. Cniirra. 

CHnrTTME. a. BtArn ; q. the tiwte of one's being 
tk^. or i«vereign. CvOyear. 

Ti CREIM. r. 4. To divide equally ; especially in 
r^bcrdowu tilt backbone of an auia.Al, S. B. — Ap- 
fMentiy ODrr. from the E. r. ekine^ used in tlie samo 
Mctu^^ fram rjkint. the backbone. Fr. eiektii-^, id. 

'• CV£IP. Cui.ri. V. fi. 1. To peep, to chirp, as 
rnof tird* in the ne^t, S. CompUtynt 8. CTUcp^j 
0. L 2. To »qae«k with a shrill and feeble Toice. 8. 
6«iaen;/L 3. To matter ; applied metai^. to man, 

8. Bmnofyne Poema. 4. To creak, 8.— Id. it^p-a, 

TSgtre modo poerarum ; keipar^ pueroruni vagitus. 
CHEIP, Cbikp, a. A whisper ; the A\f.Yiv^i hint or 

inuendo, 8. It admits of the same various sitrnifi- 

cations as the v. It is alao used, la a general bernte, 

to denote noise of any kind. " I did not hear a dketp," 

i. e., there was not the leiwt noise, 8. 
CHEIPER, a. The cricket, an inaect ; donominated 

from the nolae it makes. Loth. When cluii>er» come 

to a house, it betokens good luck, Ruxb. 
CHEIPER, a. The Bog Iris ; so called, because 

children make a shrill noise with its leaves, Roxb. 
CHEIPINU, Chbefivo, a. fihrUl siiueaking. S. 
To CHEIPS, V. a. To buy or sell. Maitlawl Poems. 

— A. 8. eeajt-an, emerv, vendure ; whence E. cheapen. 
To CIIEIS, Cheiiw, Ches, Cuksk. 1. To choose. For- 

dun. 2. To appoint ; used in an oblique sense. Sir 

Tristrem.—Moci. Q. Area-an / A. 8. ceot-an ; Belg. 

kie$-€n ; 8u. O. Jbet-o, id. Chanc. ckese. 
To CIIEITLE, V. n. To chirp ; to chatter or warble ; 

applied to the sounds emltU'd by small blnls wheu 

tliey sit niHin their young, or feed tlicra, Kinioss. 

Perths. — It must be viewed as nuiicaily the same 

with Teut. qaedd-en, garrire, modulari. 
CUEITRES, Dunbar, MuitUuid Poems, p. 48, read 

CIIEK, f. 1. Cheek. Douglcu. 2. The post of agate. 
DoMglat. The posts of a door are still called the 
CIIEKER, CBBCKEa, a. The exchequer. Stat. Bob. 

CHELIDERECT. a. A kind of serpent, ^icrvZ.— Fr. 
eheljfdrt ; Lat. ckdytirui, id. 

CIIEMAGK. Wallace. Ckemes hie, i. e , high dwell- 
ing, seems the true reading. V. Ciieuts. 

CIIEMER, a. A loose upper garment. Barbour. Y. 


CUEMYS, Chtmes, Chtmmbs, Chtmis, a. A chief 
dwelling ; as the mauor^hourie of a Inndi'd proprit- tor, 
or the palace of a prince. Bariw Cuurts.—O. Fr. 
die/meM, dt^fmois, tlio cliief mansiou-houne on an 
estate ; L. U. caput manti. 

CHENYIE, CnEXYU. i. A chain. Hanged in a Cheynie^ 
hung in chains. Complaynt S. 

CHE\N0NI8, a. pi. Canons belonging to a Cathedral. 

To CUEPE, V. n. To chirp. V. Chkip. 

CnERITIE, CuEEiTfc, a. Meaning doubtful. 

To CIIERK, V. n. To emit a grating bound, Soutli of 
8. Hogg. 

CHERRY of Tuy. The name formerly given to a 
species of sea-fish In the flrth of lay ; supposed to bo 
the Smelt, 8. Spirling. 

CnE8B0W, a. The poppy. V. CnAHBOL. 

To ClIEr^E. V. a. To choose. V. Chkis. 

ClIESYBIL, a. An ecclesiastical dress. O. E. rhcsulle, ! 
a short vestment witliout sleeveit. Wyntown.—h. B ' 
catubia ; Fr. eatable. Id., a little cojw. ' 

CHESOP, a. An ecclttiiustjcal dress. Ab))rev. from ' 
VhxsybU, q. v. Invtntoriet. ' 

CHKSd, a. The quarter, or any smaller division of an ' 
apple, pear, Ac., cut reguUrly into pieces. ''The ' 
<*<•« of an orange," one of the divisions of it, Roxb. ' 
— Fr. diatse, " that tiling, or part of a thing, wherein 
another is enchaK^l," Cotg. , 

CHESS, a. 1. The frame of wood for a window ; a sash, i 
8. 2. The iron frame which surroumls types, after \ 
they are set for the press, S.— Fr. c/Uuaii also signifies 
a " printer's tympaue," Cotgr. j 

litb»»-T«i,B.O. Ckmlrt. Cliaiwirt, 

To CHESSOUN, t. a. 
PriuU cfPMU.- 

Ti> luf^Ht to bUne, 

-UUKSr.l. irroqiMnUj u« 
To CHEST, t. o. To eoitlciii 


with « 

ime giTcn » ■ elicnliir fori 
of 3* Static. Aa. % Tt 
'ofpUcei. iDctaftiftknD'laiTD 

u Uljllick<uli<r. OocuAofe 

Anggi and p. 

■trictlj «11^ 

Tbe rtin* KommnolJ (Itsn. Ii 

, n«D»a4 b; the connon peoplv id B 0M( 
a. A faUmr, HHil itHwr la ■ (DoJ HI 

1 Allboufh moneoBMOblf *>«xpEwilTe«t 
8. ffaiuair. S, A nUtpllnf. k ><nu( I 
I> ■ppliHl luUffcmiii^ la ■ roDKf nua 
e. B. JjoH. 4. An kppslUUaa tipiu 

- CIllBLorCHlKS, Onitlittipinoaaka 

uhlM or hU no. at ■ ■«i|.- 

UtB.(. cult. JMmVQh<kV 

GHirrsRa, i. >>(. Prpkenu— ri. ^ 

CHILD, Caru), I. A HntMl 

n> itdTVHml w Itw hoasii 

cild. Ilka L. Ut/aiu ; ft. ««/Mil ; BJ 

tniiiifSnd IS Iha kili^pjiucBt tl M MM 

CniLDBS, ]>l, I. Ohlldnn, B., UuaA, 

t ohH»-vat ITcUy, 
C«T«lrj. T. Cuiiw.ur. 

fiaxun and 5i> Ool.— L. B,i*amfTeiitiM, DnOange ; 
Jr. cAai^^raiq, ehanfrrin- 
CnETIN,|> SuccHded^ pioipincl ;ubleTed. 
Uaiaand Potmi. ri.cAMfr, WohDUi, ilso u nuikii 


AtU Jo. J. 
OHEVBON, t. A glDie.— Oilglr 

made vf kid lalhsr : Fmn Fr. 
n CBBW, «, a. To now. Iai 

cuEWAL, wO'' Diiiomi. V 

CHEWALKT, 1. 1. Hon In in 

nsDf uqqirliiir. 

To OaiU, «. ■- " To una b; mtll fuOi 
DlDclr." Rllr. ror,— Bj Iho uinl duofl 
latodt. thli mDU to oiirliuto tnm Id. I« 
GHTUSa, t. A chief dwalUng. T.Caw 
GUIMLBT, Cuiau. CBiun. CaiHiui 

w of K, ciimivy, M dn 


CHEttYBtNCE, Cbi' 
iHlon^DUDior to 

■ CBYHOint, Cnnin, ,. 
I'acaH. B. tjiwar, 3. 
■rchbblioiia mid hl*ho|i 
Clka. /.— Ti - 

1. Th. ou 

. ri. »■«« 


Cb|rr, S, BtUendm. 

CBlfNA, ■, 

,- M( « 

OIllCIiENWORT. J, CblcVwiird. 9 Alsino ntdli, 

* OIllEr. wb'. IMlBito; u, ■"TbefnnrjMi/wV 
M>tBlUuit,"S, Btxob. Qra, nr»«, Pact. fW.f , to. 

CUnCht. [iMd1ain<iuiMBteblld, AHnt '-CAM, 
child I irfiAM, wllh ohlld" 04. Skimfi.- ~ 

•SJlOOlOll/ M Tool. *(V"(.- 
Tiuli ; nod 8d. Q- ktn 
CUUXllLr, oiV. On' :: 
OBINau^ (. (InTd, r' 
DOmliuiMd rnn> tho «>...,d 
> CfilHUB. a4). Or>»Ilx. 

1. lISlilruH 





m,^. Aloof chtai; Adiinwblcli pro- 


eks tlie ahdl, A. Bor., kL S. To break 
a AeU or oalbc ; applied la flovan, atoo 
caUbcctaMtafanainala^S. DomotoM. 9. 
plied la tha p wp a iart a n m tet t nr f to the 
cnoB. JTiiut. Aird. 4. Tianafemd to a 
»lalB€kaeaitjstatoorpv«fBaiie7,8. 6. It 
> ala whcB ft bcgloa to ferment in the vork- 
0.— Belg. t ^ wt, to kateh ; to dIedoM. 
«. r^. Moit prebaMj, fioa; SDarea; 
tapa. la TML ft^ dactpolHi, tram Hjjp- 

!BDn,c AtenBOMdlBaproaiiMnade 
tor the porpoee of pacUyiflc or pleasiBff it ; 
m€kippi§hmrdie. Loth.— Peihapa a child's 
a iftu^f diCTtBe^ ftoa^e nelea made when 
medo«rt; or a cerr. of Fr. ckiyeaM torde. 

TU,«. A mtaehlevow spirit. PaiUeeef 

t. teSTHMOSlB. 

A Aalr. /aamforiet. 
Choer; eoterlaloment. Ihpitar. 
Jnx, JiBO, <^aaK, «. n. 1. To make a 
■a, & Fuptdar Batt. To chirk with the 
aetfraly, la chirk the teeih, to rob them 
h other, 8. 2. Uifd to denote ** the noiee 
• feet when the ihoesare fall of vater,** S. 
A. S. ecore-ioii, crepltare, itridere, to 
rcafc ; Chaaetr, to dUrJfce. 
The aonnd made bj the teeth, or bj anj 
when robbed obliqiielj as&iubt another. 
•.A. 1. To chirp, Bo3rt». i qrn. (Tlnrl. 
; a lov, melancfaoly eoood, as birds do in 
before a atatm, Oydes. Hogg. 9. ** To 
rrOj," (Aydes.— 8v. iorl-a, to mnrmor; 
noiae nke raaaing water, Seren. ; A. 8. 
qoeri, mormarare. 4. To whistle 

Tha siafle emission of a low, mdancholy 

§. Soch a soond oontinaed, lb. 
«L ft. To laagh immodenttely, Domfr. 
Hmk with laMdkte.— Perhaps in allosion to 
ando bj a moor^owl, or partridge, when 
r. Cwoaa^ Cainu^ Ihre, rendering the 
na^ earnmurara, mentions Qerm. kurrel-n, 

The deahle>dilB ; the waUles of a cock, 
'. CBOum. 

L A small bit of aaTthIng, especially of 
iaark.~AIUed, perhaps, te Tent, sdkier-en, 

I. pi. Pieces of coal, of an Intermediate 
sen the laigesk and eftowt, which are the 
Esoept what Is called o•(la^ Pife. 
Ckirwu of gnuB, the early sboote of giass, 
kim, itish up po s ed, has hetn con. from B. 
'r. ferae Id. 

«. a. To warMe, 8. Fidttn. 
B, a. n. 1. Used to denote ttie monmfnl 
lifted by Mrds, especially when collected 
eltofe a atom, 8. DcmgUu. S. To chirp, 
toeaeartiy implying the idea of a melancholy 
lnysiia. 9. Tobe peerish ; to be luibitaally 
■g; 8. — Beiff. humtm , tomentarl, qoiritari ; 

aTtaaa, gwritas ; Baa. karwuTt to 

CHTRMB, t. 1. Note ; applied to birds. Dorngtoi. 

2. A dngle diirp. Train. 
To OHIBPLS, V. «. To twitter as a swallow, 8. B. A 

dimin. flnom B. v. toolk^rp. 
GHIRPLB, «. A twittering note, 8. B. 
IbCHIBB, V. n. To chirp, Clydeed.— O. B. olk^re, 

id. ; G«nn. Irirr-en, girr-etit to coo as a dore ; also 

to emit a shrill sound. 
To OHIBT, «. a. 1. To sqneeie ; to press ont, 8. 

DmtoUu. 2. To act in a gripping manner; also, to 

sqneese or practise extortion, 8. 8. **To squirt, or 

send forth suddenly," Gl. 8ibb., Boxb. 
GHIBT, «. 1. A squeeae, 8. 2. A squirt, Boxb. 8. 

A small quantity; as, a dkirt of gem^ a small 

qaanti^ of grass ; a Airt of water, applied to rery 

little water, Boxb. 
To CHIBT, V. n. To press hard r.t stool, 8. Pieken, 
To OHIBT in, v. n. To press In, 8. O. 
To GHIBT, a. «. Expl. in Gl. to ** confine lat^hter,** 

Galloway. J)avid»oH*s Seaoom. 
GHIBUBGINAB, t. 8urgeon. Aberd. Beg. 
To GHI8BLL, Chiusl, v. o. To prem in a cheese-rat, 

CHIT, «. A small bit of bread, or of any kind of food, 8. 
To GHITTBR, «. n. 1. To shlrer; to tremble, 8. 

JZoauay. 2. To chatter. The teeth are said to 

chiUer, when they strike againf t each other, 8.— Tent 

ttiUer-tn ; Germ. wAvU-em, to qulrer. 
To GHITTBR, v. a. To warble ; to chatter, Galloway. 

HavJdson'f Aosenw.— Germ, switelter-n denotes the 

chirping or chattering of birds. 
OHITTBB-LILLING, t. An opprobrious term. Dim- 

ftor. — Perhaps the same as E. dhiUerlin, the in- 
To GHITTUI, ToHifTLa, v. a. To eat com from the 

ear, patting off the husks with the teeth, Dumflr.— 

Id. ftlt^c^ rostro quatere, rel arellere ; fu<i, the act 

of tearing or peeling. 
To CHITTLE, v. n. To warble; to chatter, Dnmfr. 

Bynon. (^vihitltr. B. NUh. Song. 
GHIZZARD. T. Kaisakt. 
To GHIZZEL, V. a. To cheat ; to act deceitfully, 8. B. 

Ckouaet B.— Belg. ktoees i-en, to act hypocritically. 
CHOCK, $. A name given, In the West of 8., to the 

disease commonly called the croup. — Perhaps from 

ite tendency to produce suffocation. 
CHOFFBR, «. A chaffing-fish, 8.— Pr. etchauff-er^ to 

chafe, e»Aavff-wre, a chafing. 
CHOPPING-DISH, f. The same. 
To GHOISB, Chotsb, CBoroa, v. a. 1. To choose ; 

to elect, 8. Blue Blanket. 2. To prefer, 8. Max- 

wdPt Bee-fMuter. 
GHOK-BAND, «. The small strip of leather by which 

a bridle Is fkstened around the Jaws of a horse, 8. 
CHOKKBIS, pronounced ckoukt, $. pi. The Jaws ; 

properly the gladular parte under the Jaw-bones, S. 

TToiface.— Isl. kalke, kialke, maxilla, the Jaws; 

koukf guUa, faux, brutl. Y. Cbukis. 
CUOL, Chow, «. Thejoieor jowl. Eeergreen.—A.S. 

ceole, fkucis, ceolaty fauces, the Jaws. Cheek^or 

dUfWf 8., cheek byjole. Banuajf, 
GHOLBR, Ghullxb, CniraL, t. 1. A double chin. 8. 

Journal Lond. 2. Chollers, pi., the gills of a fish, 

Upp. Clydes. Boxb. ; Chullers, Dumfr.— Perhaps 

from some supposed resemblance between the Infla- 
tion of the lungs and that of the double chin, es- 
pecially under the infiuence of anger. 
GHOLLB, t. Perhaps the chough. Sir Gawam and Sir 




CROOP, CiODT, 1. The froft of ih 
B^ar. B;rn'>ii f'ts Diunrr. Roi 
A. & Knptt kiiipt. Id, 

CUOOWUWtN'.i. Tbd 
CHOP. CloFi, CuoiP. f. A thop. TWj li U 
iuuuiUhlidiIh ffDocnUf, Uiroq|[li'"it &• 

cnixa, I. Cboia. Sartour. 

OHOCKa, T. CuoiiiiB. 

OHOUEKIS, 1. A ktuie, ebiU.— ArpumUr rtc 

'or u tntia oULcra. Ihra glvci touika 
, rcrmvf the v. B. cAow« Ik, uodoubte 

UailW.i. Tlwjo 

roCHOwie, a. 'to 

caow, chiw, f. 1 

auEbfill oC Uflbiog (h 

Hi CnoWU CnoOL, (Itte dk In ekurok,) >, «. 1. r 

rucH, B,— PnlwIIlT cwTi., bwufenr Ui> ditHirllDi 
<< ita> b«. traa SAuul, q. t. 1. To (rail « moanilii 
cTJ ^ Hpplleil to dog* or obUdmi. Fifo. Ab re^rdloi 

CUoWu Oll(K;^ f. AcrjgltliBkladaBcnbtdiibaVF 

t ■ilu, Ibid. 
CUOWPia, pra. «. Ctiopt ■bsnl. niii«la4. 
Cliawa. 1. fl. A NuUn kind of owl. uiieb uwd [: 

' im'- ^■~ l'°rlupi tram tr. cAw. Uic gcniinl Hun 

1'nlllin^NMASi.t. Chniunu, Abard. 

i:liniSTlK. Citini*, >. 1. The ibMvvbiUiKi or (»Wp 

bipkir, »bm ■ Bwn l> rgtvnd lo. 8. 1 Th» aMii 

CBKrariaNKAA r CIuUUBu. irulloer. 
CHftlBTSWUOItT. CKwniu Vliiwh. Numfarmu^ 

' dna In S. lo tncak HiUibon. 

[lliri'K, >. a Ts UM* HI ilim viT UUBanunlT 

rr<K. I. A DHrtila iHd u (b* lUBi et nii>, gr 


CUCCKta-HtANK. ». A I 

bo frmi T«ul. JI^Ftm, ■ ■»■■ na\ jm 
Killu. Bui nifacr, I tu*fm. I«m CUtaIr 


glrl^ In «hlch fouriicbblu tn ippMit « 
ADd wJillfe ■ Vib ia UiMEd uy. tii^ «ivi i 
^(htrfd, uul Ihfl tfcULuf pobbi* 4*11^1 Uk I 


CUirCKLB-HBADEU, sft*. iMIUkh, ttM^ 
ant fi. «Drd ^ eroM'i Clu*. blat. Cua II 
tffinlly ID OcTs. l^vtiM, twMl, f Uilnu, (f 
wi BT Aulld-Anul f 

CHUDREUK, CCSMNI. «. Tli. dillltnUM 
itctllcd • iUHii-nl^~" TUo VImh* 
Obftlmen bit* iiutlj obiwrTvd, "It Uv 1 

CUUr, 1, Dlovn. ifaiUaiiJ pMM, Efti 
Nunc >ll)i (V>, 4. •. 

cau'rnB-caBEKiT, o^/. iutu* rail » 


CUUK,t, AhIIiu tutlBu. AUaU 
CHUKIS, f.rl. AiifumUt, • ■■•lliot of 

CEIUU,!. Food ;pnTlthiD Cat 

CnrBCKumUICB. AKUBorteblUran, 

ID be Uia _u> aitb U» AoM ta It* Xlrfe ^ 
Tt CHrBM, ■ o. t To luae; w ilng.—l 
tscrclir Uii Oftll, proa. a( tliirmt, q.i 
pumlitn, or upu ■ bumiAJnff mtm/l, Jkjr 
cdUt Ihx wn* vltb Ckfrw, vlwc 1. «• 
CBVBMtkt. DwludaoaM kloa.aww 

Bionrsrul «>i>T*»aUeii, IbM. 
Tb HBUIUI, CiiDU, Cuiiu. a. ■■ I. T 
niuiBui. eibb. niinertMf, itululBaU, 
Ilka ( iiiMTair." SduUi el 8. 1. Uw) la i 
aaokll m BolH uada b;r ^* vtamfovl w 

CnfLB.i, T^ 




fifeii Und M ^noB. 


lUAOK, «. «. 

■arwDdtid.— Por 


lAdL A tenn 

to| or oonMpMid 
pratebly bonowed 
to Itoioondor 

cms. CneoMtrnwrn, «.«.!. Toenrlnm. 

iw SL To etrewBTtat Ada Jo. F. — Im- 

rflwUtcftrw— wfr^, Ukefr.e*«MiMM- 

. am «nd In both tkooo wnMi. 

, «. pi. riifiihii Monks.— Fr. OUUmt. 



\ «. Tko hor^ , JTMloft. 

pn^ «. ^ Tbe tnoM bj wbteh a ploqf b 

te Oifcnoj; flocli^ tt i feti qmoo. 8. Agr. 

, M. A WMiad iB 
; Wr cUaUt on 
CmSAB, 0. A dti: 
t. AalBBOMorfar 

ffoHlafe.— L. 
with chords. 
JcC9 Jo. F/. 
old KnglUh peony. 

Ok^wicK, t. 1. Tho ilale or having all the 
renpod, b«t not inned, Abeid. Banff, 
feast, or Harresi-Hoaie, Aberd. ; 
Pfhen ttio harrest Is early finished, 
1 tha Mmtdm Clamkk ; when late, the Cdr- 

OLTA0s-8nsf, 9. The JToidm, or 
by tho napers on a 


CLTACK-fiorrcB, t. Tbe feast 
■s thiitf years ago, on the entting down of 
oa a flsrai ; nov, that the entertainment is 
ill the crop be Inned, rather insecmately 
id to the feast of Hanrest-home, ibid. 

A Uigo wooden TesieL Ckm-Albin. — 
'. a board, troqgh, Ac 
, CLAOcnssma. «. A small Tillage, border- 
he HlghlandSk In which tbere is a paiish 
I. Bsewbere, It is called the Mrk-town. 

VI. — From Oad. elaelkm, "a circle ot 
aa ^avdies were erected in the same places 

tlBM* or heathenism, had been consecrated 
eal worship 

kh, 9. The term ftmnerly, If not still, gtren 
strict of Kyle, lo CsiMlls-coal ; called Par- 
sCarrtek and dsewhere. — If not fhm Gael, 
ne, q. stooe^oal, Uke Belg. Mtem-koolen ; 

anted lo Tent. kUuk-m, ImI. klakni. 
as feferring to the noise In barning ; as it 
rthe sasae reason, to bedesigBed Parroi-coal. 
n, CLAOHsa, Ok a. To more onwafds, or 
f with dHBcolty, and slowly, in a dnmsy, 
Isoet s sanner, Loth. 

XnJIDIN.t. T1ieslooeorthetid>soraiMi^n; 
It the ssaifcet p iaoe of Inremess, on which 
utts rested their tabs in carrying water from 
r. Hoaea, Oadutamidtm lodt and losses, 
«r bveiBcas. lb dHa* Ctmeknaemiditi, to 
respoffi^ ts ttm town of Inrcmess. 

* OLAOK, t. Ixpl. ** ihuideroas or Impertinent dls- 

coarse." Gl. Skirr^ Aberd. 
CLACK, 9. The dapper of a mill, 8.— Teat Modk. 

CLADACH, 9. TSlk. T. Cuitaoh. 
CLASS, p{. Clothes. Y. Clattb. 
CLAFV, t. The deft or part of a tree where the 

bianehes separate, Galloway. — 8a. O. M^/Wa, mp- 

tora ; Isl. klof, foemorum intercapedo ; Atom kl^ffm-a, 

CLAWWIM, aij. Disordered ; as, dU^/U Aair, disber- 
elled hair, Berwicks. Peihaps q. baring one lock or 
toft separated from anothei.— IiL Uff^ flndo^ difflndo, 
Idafim^ flssos. 

CLAFFIR, 9. A sUttem, Ibid. 

CLAO, Claoo, 9. 1. An eacnmbrance, a bnrden lying 
on property ; a forensic term. 8. DaUat. 2. Chaige ; 
Impeachment of charseter; fkolt, or imputation of 
one, 8. JZitam.— Teut. JUoaA^, aeensatio; Dan. 
Ha#e, a complaint, agrieranoe. Or, perhaps, rather 
fkom ttie same ori|^ with S. dog ; q. what lies as a 
dsa on an estate. 

CLAG, 9. A clot ; a ooagnUtlon, 8. ; as, *' There was 
a great doff o* dirt stleklng to his shoe.'*— IsL kUggi^ 
massa compacta alici^as rd, Haldorson. 

To CLAG, V. a. To obstroct ; to oorer with mod or 
any thing adhesire, 8. IFoZIooe. Cloo, £. "The 
wheds are a' dUiOQii wi' dirt**— Dan. klaeg^ risooas, 
glatinoos, stidiy ; IsL IcUggi^ massa compacta. 

CLAOGT, adj. Unctoons ; adhedre ; bespotted with 
mire. Y. the v. 

CLAQGIM, 9. A preparation of treade, sold to ehU- 
dren ; q. clag him. Aberd. 

CLAGGINISS, t. Adhedreness In mdst or miry 
snbstances, 8. 

CLAGGOCK, 9. " A dirty weneb," Gl. 81bb. A drag- 
gletail. L^fndtay. 

CLAHYNNHX, Claohiw, «. Clan or tribe of people 
liring in the same district. Wyntowm, — Gad. Ir. 
doa, id.; Bloes. G. klahaim, children. 

CLAYCHT, 9. Cloth. Aberd. Reg. 

CLAYEB8. Cltebs, «. pi. •A disease in cows, similar 
to Glanders in horses, Roxb. Y. Cltkbs. 

CLAYIS, 9. pi. Clothes, S. Y. Cliitii. 

To CLAIK, V. a. 1. To make a clucking noise, as a 
hen does, especially when provoked. 8. 2. To cry 
incessantly, and imi>at{ently, for any thing, 8. 3. 
To talk a great deal in a trivial way, S. ; to dock, 
B. 4. To tattle ; to report silly stories S.— Id. • 
IdakHij clango, arium toz proi)ria, klack-Oy to prattle; 
8a. G. klaek, reproach. 

CLAIK, 9. 1. The ooIm made by a hen, B.— Tsl. klak, 
TOZ ariom. 2. An idle or false report, 8. Moriton. 

CLAIK, Class, 9. The bemacle, Anaii Erythropus, 
(mas.) Linn. Bellendm. — It seems to hare been 
supposed that this goose reci*ived its name from its 
daiJI;, or the noise which it makes. 

CLAIK, 9. A female addicted to tattllnfr, Aberd. 

To CLAIK, V. a. To bedaub or dirty with any adhe* 
sire substance, Aberd. " C/aiJk^'f, be:imeared." Ol. 

CLAIK, 9. A quantity of any dirty, adhesive sub* 
stance, ibid. 

CLAIKIE. a4j. Adhesive, sticky, dauby, id. 

CLAIKRIE, 9. Tattling; possipinp. S. 

CLAYMORE, «. 1. Used for a two-handed sword. 2. 
The common basket-hiltod broad-sword worn by 
Highlandera, 8. This has long lieen the appropriate 
rigniflcatlon. — GaeL doKiamA moTf literally *'the 


Unoid." daUamli Im trUtlaOj lb 

110 CU. 

- CUIUNT,*^*. IliilnripDnrrHliiluorn 

Ud M clotr aul. in lusa 
net, &B. Ban,— St. d^r, 

OLAIHSHOE, I. A modal inttTumcDt, nmsbUi 
the hmv. of ■hlihUio •IringiawmiidsiilbnMiiir 
— Itki thl^ paHu|>9. OwtUoiUod tlia OarAi Pip 
q. T. T, (1» Ci-uuaiir. 

OUIRT, Cum,!. 1, AqunnUtTor mii}dln;6r<1 
nllng (ubiunce. AbcnL 3. Applied to ■ womui vl 
U lutiauillf ind ciirtDielT dlnr, Ibid. S. Ai 
lUFT, Kwkwiinl. din; tblii«, Ibid. Fnm Clorl. 

Tt ULAIIIT, s. H. To ba <upl<>;td In iot ifnT "o^^ 

JCH-onf. Or 

— Ir. e 


, Tn la; on w; II 

OLAMEIIEWIT, Cuw-Bv-amiriT. a. 1. A M 
drubbing, a. f>rriHiL 1. A uMMtOBtk 
q. Dluv wy AnoL oi A<a^ seniA ny kt 

CLAMTNG.cUiiiblll«. Mni. Rr#. 

WdfiDoM l«v, wonblMB pcAplti, 4r Aah ■ 
liend Id Ibli light, S. 0*f Matiittrtiit. 

'. Climjaw/rf la wad ia 1 

npidlr, orjampitr. q. "tbielwaf I 

The irea 
■ Ta ULAUP. Ci,tiim. r 

CLAMP, t, A h»>Tf<HiUlepgitiail. JW^ 
; roOLA>(PBnCuKri.ii,T, «. l.Tii|Mdl;l 



» piece. DO. 
V. Vim, t 

[LAK.odJ. Ueu;1o>; tppllolMvitiKUBDwti 
li rvolLanHl HDirorlbjr. Tbil !■ n veT (omji 
•cbeol lem lu EdlDlinrgh. — A> b«lnj pmpH-i; 
■cluKil-hajr'i ■ord, II mmt ban oclgiaalad in Ibe 
of lb* IM. <iam, u jirturilj ippllvd toncj lli 
■bbeh au fliii<lc(UD(lT done. «r wblcb ibc pn 
■UbHl W hide frgD theii pnGcpMc. Bal 

CLAUFER,!. 1. A p>(«. vmvrtr tfMHI 

lobxuice, vlUi whleh A (cwllt Bnid(<: at 
vhleh t> Ibgi pcKbad up, & 1. DkJ miM|< 
ugnmiiita fomeitr wunrw], If. SnH. 
patcbed iq> huiille fOr orlttluuefr — UL I 

vui not cK^ ia be flUd upon. &— Tcut. Udw. t« 

(!L.\H, CiAa-SuLt. ). 1 A nllop-Aell, 8. Oi 
opireuluU. Llus. SiHaM.— Piubiblj tron O. 
Iil>w« ■ plKiiiB'i nwBlle, M lbe« ■HkIIi wat m 

tlHH nbo but Dudt ■ pilfiluu* Ui Pdutlnet ■ 
■jrmbel oC (heir battof cnwnl Ihe xa. 1. Is 
"• nlU mniil tgppaod Ube auile bji lobluii la 
»ir,- Opp, CIrd". *•'"•' Patr^tl^ 
fb CLAM, Clauk. «. il Tu trope or friup iaefft 
■111. Afri. SaU.— This DUi bs mucij ■ pnrlti 
nneljs(flaMB.q.i. Ilnir, bovenr, Ih atUi 
UL U<H*-ak ooMCUHk c«iiiplDfin. 

; <9ii. tMit*ai, Olfd 

SAlnVi.— BiIk. AIOB-n. ucun, ti 
kltmrnt-Jtm, ■ p>U or nlpi-« Of 
Htmm-r, U i<i>cb ; Sb. Uwxas, 

1 CLANOLUMBHOin, a^. SoUj, 





;& A Aarp lOav thai ««• 
■f .— TeuL Haneir, dangar. 
SK, «. «.• 1. T^ glTea iliATp itooke, 8. Mintt. 
t. To take a ami haafeUy, and nther nol^y, 


«. a. To tlirov down with a ihrUl, 
MelwOTm MS, 
«. ». To filt down in % hurled and 


a liaa^ hold taken of any ob- 

ESB, m^. Fooliiis tho force of fSuaflj or na> 
tifla.&;froBcl«na. Heart of Mid-Loth, ir., 82. 
[T, ^*— «*^ ^arf. jNk Of or belonginf to a 
rtzibeL Acta Jo. VI. 

IAN, a. Ono belonffng to mmt particular 
S. J^uooHU BHia. 

'•Mm, aptoea of wood thai naakea a nolee f n 
M of srlBdioff, 8. Cl^pp^, S. Aamt.— frii. 
U/tf^tf CTOtaluBit crepitacnlnn. 

tlko symlMils of InToctltare in the 
If e( a aalll, 8. — ** The ijmbole for land are 

a nolM^ 8. CLAPPIT, a4f. VanA in the eenee of flabby, Aberd. 
T. Clap, «. o. 1. To press down. 

CLAPSOHALL^ t. Apparently oorr. flrom knaptkdU, 


CLARE, ode. Wholly; entirely, 8. DwoloM. 

CLABEMSTHEN. AooovdioK to the Uw of Clareme- 
ttea, any person who claims stolen cattle or goods, 
is required to appear at certain places particularly 
H^polnted for this purpose, and prove his right to 
them, 8. Afeme.— f rom ctere, clear, and meiCA, a 


CLABSaCHAW, CLaaaoaiw, «. A musical instrument 

resembling tlie barp.— From Gael, daneadi, a harp. 

CLABGIB, Clbeot, «. EmdlUon. FHaU Peblis.— 

Fr. dtrgity id., from Lat. derictu. 
2Vi CLARK, V. a. To act as a scribe or amanuensis, 8. 

y. CLsnc. 
To CLART, V. a. To dirty ; to foul ; to bedaub with 

mire, 8. Claris Perths. 
CLART8^ «. p{. Dirt; mire ; any thing thatdefilea, 8. 

CLARTT, od/. 1. Dirty ; nasty, 8. MaiOand Poem. 
Ctortjf, Perths. ClaMy, Aberd. S. Clammy, dauby, 
down. Ct^pptit part, pa., | adheslTe, Aberd. Clartf to spread or smear. Clarty, 

smeared, A. Bor. 
To CLA8H, 9. H. 1. To talk idly, 8. Cleland. 2. To 
tittle-tattle ; to teU tales, 8.— Oerm. JOattcken, id., 
Uatduregt Ule talk. 
CLASH, t, 1. Tittle-tattle ; pnttie, 8. SoUan'i Invia, 
World, 3. Vulgar fame ; the stoiy of the day, 8. 
Bwrm. S. Something learned as if by rote, and re- 
peated In a careless manner ; a mere paternoster, S. 
To CLASH, V. a. 1. To pelt ; to throw dirt, S. Dun- 
bar. %, To strike with the open hand, Loth. Fife. 
S. To bang a door, or shut it with riolence ; as, " I 
daOCd the dore in his face," Boxb. Slam, A. Bor. 
—Tent. JdtU-tn, resono Ictu Teiberare ; Dan. Idatak- 
er, to flap. 
CLASH, «. 1. A qoantity of any soft or moist sub- 
stance thrown at an oligect, 8. Gait. 2. A dash ; 
the act of throwing a soft or moist body, 8. 3. A 
blow ; a stroke.— Clerm. Uatdij id. 4. Cla»h o' weet, 
any thing completely drenched with water, Ayrs. 
To CLASH, V. A. To emit a sound in striking, South 

of 8. — Oerm. Idattdi-en, cum sono ferire, Wachter. 
CLASH, s. The sound caused by the fall of a body ; 
properly a sharp sound, 8. Clank, synon. Bob 
CLASH, $. 1. A heap of any heterogeneous sub- 
sUncea, 8. 2. A large quantity of any thing.— Isl. 
Uose, mdis nexura, quasi congelatio ; Dan. kUue, a 
bunch, a duster. 
CLASH, CLAI8CH, «. A carity of considerable extent 

in UieaccUvity of a hill, 8. 
To CLASH up, V. a. To cause one object to adhere to 
another, by means of mortar, or otherwise. It gener- 
ally implies the idea of projection on the part of the 
otiject adhering, S.— Flandr. Ueo-en, afflgcre. 
CLASHEB, «. A tattler ; a tale-bearer, S. Pidcm. 
CLASHING, part. adj. Given to tattiing, 8. 
CLASH MACLAVEB, ». Idle discourse, sUly talk. 

Aberd. Clith-ma-daver. 
CLASH-MABKET, «. A tatUer ; one who is moch 
given to gossiping ; q. one who keeps a market tor 
dosftei. Loth. 
CLASH-PIET, «. A tell-feale, Aberd. Apparentiy from 

»,«.«. 1. T*_ 

I to a hona or other animal ttial is moch 

k la Iho flcah after bdag greatly flatigued ; aa^ 

aair dmppii," — ** hia cheeks were dappU,'* L e. 

Hd, aa It ia czpreaaod by aMdieal men, 8. 2. 

ip desNs ttmiact to pngan linen dothea for 

■aagtod or iroBod, 8. 

P, «.«. 1. To cooeh ; to He down ; generally 

i to a hare In regard to Ito form or seat, and 

|lBC tbe idea of the pvpoae of concealment, 

I. 2L To lie Halt 8. T. Corm-ciar. 

f,9.n. To stop ; to halt ; to tarry ; aa^ dap 

; Step la, asd atop for a little, Fife. 

P TBS Hkad. To wrnimend ; conveying the 

; A atroko. DadiM dap, the stroke of death. 
as.— Bdg. U^p. a slap ; a box on the ear. 
L A Bosaent; in a eUp, instantaneously. 
ic~ The Idea ia a dap of the hand; for&oMl- 

f Oka HoMr. The mlgar designation for the 
, 8. Bjn, r^p nfthe Han, 
L A flat iBstnunent of iron, i eaeniblng a box, 
% taogae and handle, osed for making prodama- 
a town. Instead of a dmm or hand-bell, 
8. Foot. — ^Tent. Uqpp^n, polsaie^ aooare ; 
Htp, adappcr 

OCR BRKBCHE8, Small clothes made so tight 
^mp dooe to the 6r«fcA ; a term occorting in 
« ef the icifn of Cha. n. 
lAB, jL A poblic crier, 8.— Belf . Happtrman, 
khman with a dapper. 

PB, a A stroke ; a diswwafltnre. — Belf Hap, 

RUL a. A thing formed to make a rattling 
a,byaeallisianofitoparta, Aberd. Although it 
a pt tefmiaatioa, it is oMd aa if singular, a 
laa. Bya. CTsy mflf, Mcama.— TenL Uapper- 

M. fi. Holes intenliooany made for rah- 
ia, dther m an open warren, or with- 
-Fr.dopior, id. ; So. a. Hamper, 

,9. a. TaflghtaiartolBkngth, 
ftMOT aa a ipUcv at a fly. 

Ji cJ«t jr. Bu»d.-T.u 

I lb CLAT, Cunr, ■. a. 

tlUDg tsfeltHi. Sanu. ' 

or min, iL 2. A boe, &■ empLp^ ]b 

Ubtan at hiubsBdir, 8. : 

|OLATi:il.(, ThtDOlMKIt 


vloH up wlUi u;r aiDml 

I OUTCU. I. ABjrcfalBi Ui 
llVCUTCH. Siuni. ■ 

limii«n<t>!; rno 1 


.XTTue, ik(F, I. jiutj i Mnt, I 

CUTTrtTB, aifrt. 1. Ki 

dinU. ■ DiHtj iirl. > 

11 flnlih Mj pi»M 

I bllTTllKl wtj. Wllk 

h|ik!*1I^ ntmriut <» loiiuull}: u. " 

» dinr, S, CIoli, to 

' T/tub -. sr lid. Uati. m 

t. 3. Tv rbJU, to taJli lUBUUiIf . & 

I "Vnur (ongiH (invi Ilka Iht 

JiEli'i] bacliiUlo ; " (pokcD lo ptv 
li ui4 to IliUo ptuimu. f illjr. a 
■a MDvtf Ui4 amft Idpm; tJailf 
K, bolat ^ilikalU tlUeil W Tint. 

UTTKItnAKKS. Tito vltnist hw or lUM plurj 

tsluH ftUt prtheodtn. TfaU ■ 

OLAncHT. Ounaar. t. 

tb\Dg in a fuilda and fbi 

doUb; Sc)e. Uow. f 

U gnilp, 8. Mir, 

Qui. tialnirt. ■ bak 

OLATEH. CuiTn, > 

CLATKB, (. A p«tn 

nLAIJ&T, ■. a. To 
CLACBT, >. Wlutb 
CLAUai'RB, f. An ■» 

a thU platoofri hj euUBitu, 




the Uncoase of threatcniof , eqtilTaleiit to 
^▼e 700 a beaans," or ** a XAaw," 8. *' Te^U 
itoBckjta;** apokon to one who has eatec 


MbcTs badk. To promoto one's Intereitt. Bott. 
oa oaild auut'sjpoto. A Tolfar phrase, sig- 
to IWe U> old mge. It is often addressed 
I7 to ooa who Utcs bard, Tc'tt netter cUm, 

eg, V. «. To cat with la^ditj and Toadooa- 

vp flsu'a MiUema. T. If rm». 
Clat 7P, t. a. To stop a hole or chink bj 
coows or Tiacoua snbstanoe, 8. Fergutom, 
?, adj. Handsomcb in regard to dresS) 
. rorrac. 

L The srcnndincs of a cow, 8. — A. 8. daenj 
k Hence, 

□CO, s. The coming off cf the secimdlnes of 
B. — A. a. efoens-ian, mundare, pnrgare. 
IRBA8T. To wtcke a dean brtatt of, 1. To 
k f oD and inrmnoos confession, 8. SL Bonan. 
ell oDe*s mind roondlj, 8. The EntaU. 
rU50. adv. Clereilj. Skirr^».—UL /oeng 

i, m4j. 1. Certain ; assored ; confident; p^si- 

iberd. ; dair sjnoa., Ang. 2. Detonnined, 

A, lesolote, Aberd. 

aahr. Certainly ; nsed in aiSimation, ibid. 

LOWmO, mdif. BiighOy boming, 8. Lights 

isifnaw. T. Low. 

T, a Apparentlj. sharp or shrill sound. Jo- 

D(G8, 9. fi, A beating. T. nnder Claib, v. 
UO. t. The diTisioo in the hnman bodj from 
ipaKi downwards, 8. JKoaisay.— Isl. klof, to- 
rn iatercapedo. T. Clof. 
BCK, T. a. To hatch. Y . Clkk. 
OR, t. A hatcher, 8. V. Clsk. 
IIH,«. 1. A brood of chickens, 8. 2. Metaph. 
sOy of children, 8. 

DKBORD, CLKcanrBBOO, «. A board for strlk- 
rah St hand-ball. Loth. Bowbrod, <. e., ball- 
d. •jB«a.— IiL U^dfce, leriter Teibero. 
US-TIKE. s. 1. Properly, the time of hatching, 
VF*icd to birds, S. 2. The time of l>irth, as traos- 
^ to Bu. 8. Gujf Mannering. 
115 -81 AN E, i. Any stone that separstes into 
■D |tia by exposnre to the atmoq>here, Roxb.— 
s. Uadk-ea, sgere rimas, blare. 
• BOOU. A phrase siffDitying twenty-one in 
fhex. 9. Stat. Aec. Q. dlothed with one in addition. 
SIED. Cuna, v. a. 1. To clothe, 8. Bums. 
^y- spplitd to folisge. J'«r9««m. 3. Used 
|"l*d|, 10 denote the patting on of armour. Acts 
Wy. 4. To geek protection ftom. Spalding. 6. 
>k«f> i d«d bow, the measme of a teU heaped, 
J*- TCudBcosb. 
■ •» • ^uboHd, married ; a forensic phrase. 

JJJr* *'***' **'*"y poBseeaing a tlUe, vettod 
■J* «sV. Prort.— 111. Bo. O. i^Ioed-a ; Germ. 

» ; ld|. fckad-en ; Dsn. Uaed^, to clothe. 

^«*», «. Brett, Buchan. 7arra«. V. 

Jw««», I. 1. Clothing ; apparel, 8. 
*'— ■' ■'■ tolio* clothes, Clydes.— 

TmmWc, crooked 


CLKEPn, Clbbpt, t. 1. A serere blow ; properly In- 
dnding the idea of the contusion caused by such a 
blow, or by a Ikll, Tweedd., Ang. 2. A stroke on the 
head, Orkn. — IsL. 1Ujfp-wr, doriore compressions 
l aedit, a t Uror inde ezistot. Y. Cltpb, to fisll. 
OLEBTIT. part, pa. Emaciated ; hmk ; in a stote of 

decay, Lanarks. 
CLBO, Glso, «. A gad-fly; a horse-fly. It is pro- 
nounced gleg, 8. B. ; deer, Clydes., A. Bor., id. Hud- 
ton. — Dan. klaeg, id., tabanns. 
CLEO-STUNG, a^. 8tang by the gad-fly, 8. 
CLEIDACH, «. Talk. Y. CLirrAOH. 
CLXIK, ad^j. Lirely ; agile ; fleet, Loth. Y. Clbvcv, ad{j. 
To CLEIK, Clsk, Cuibk, v. a. 1. To catch as by a 
hook, 8. Bamsay. 2. To lay hold of, after the 
manner of a hook, 8. 3. To seise, in whaterer way, 
whether by force or by frsod, 8. Lyndiajf. 4. To 
deik wp, to snatch or poll up hastily, 8. 6. To deik 
t^ obliquely used, to raise ; applied to a song. Peb- 
lU to the Ploy.— Isl. hUih^ to bind with chains. 
To dide up, to snateh np. 
CLEIK, Clbk, «. I. An iron hook. Acts Ja. I. 2. 
A hold of any object, 8. 3. The arm, met^h. used. 
A. Aiool.— Isl. Uoir, ansa clitellarum, hlede-r, an 
iron chain. 
CLEIKT, a4f. Beady to take the advantsge ; in- 
clined to circumrent, 8. Bern. Nithsdale Song. 
CLEIK-IN-THB-BAGK, «. The lumbago or rheuma- 
tism, Teriotd. ; q. what takes hold of one as a hook 
To CLEIK THE CUNTIE. A vulgar phrase, signify- 
ing, to lay hold on the money, 8. WaverUy. 
CLEIK8, s. pi. A cramp in the legs, to which horses 

are subject. Mcntgomerie. 
CLETNG. Perhaps a dark substance. Sir Oawan 

and Sir Gal. 
To CLEI8H, V. a. To whip, Boxb. ; synon. Skdp. 
Clash, Fife, Loth.— Hence, it Is supposed, the flcti- 
tiouB name of the author of the Tales of my Land- 
lord, Jedidiah CZ^isAbotham, q. flog-bottom.— Teut. 
Idets-en, resono Ictu rerberare. 
CLEISH, s. A lash flrom a whip. Ibid. 
CLEIT, s. A cot-house ; Aberd. Beg.^Qtiel. death, a 

wattled work ; deite, a penthouse. 
To CLEIT AGH, Glttach, Cltdiob, (putt.) «. n. 1. 
To talk in a strange language ; particulaily applied 
to people discoursing In Gaelic, Aberd. 2. To talk 
Inarticulately, to chatter; applied to the indistinct 
Jargon uttered by a child, when beginning to speak, 
CLEIT AGH, Cleidach, s. Talk, discourse ; especially 
nsed as abore, ibid. — " Cleidach, discourse of any 
kind ; particularly applied to the Gaelic language." 
Gl. 5Airr</«.— This word Is undoubtedly Gothic ; Isl. 
klida conreys an idea perfectly analogous. 
CLEITCH, Clkits, f . A hard or heary fall, Ettr. For. ; 

synon. Cloit.^f or etymon see Clatdi, s. 
To CLEK, Clekb, v. a. 1. To hatch ; to produce 
young by Incubation, 8. Bdlenden. 2. To bear ; to 
bring forth, 8. Douglas. 8. To hatch, as applied to 
the mind, 8. Bamsay. 4. To feign. MaWand 
Poems.— Sn. O. Uaedc-a ; Isl. klek-ia, excludere 
CLEK A NE-WITTIT, adj. ApparenUy, feeble-minded ; 
childish ; baring no more wit than a chicken when 
dedcd, or hatched.— Isl. klok^, however, signifies 
mollis, Inflrmus. 
GLEKET, «. The tricker of an engine. J?ar5otir.— £. 
dideet, the knocker of a door ; Fr. dlquet, id. 


GLEKoid'. 1. Ufu; l9v; KiarTTiu,a<fHnnan;' 

■ Smlaj laiew, LnOi. 3. Not D-otiirorthy ; oupna- 1 

clplrd. Itatti. & URd b; Ibe Hltb Bcbool Ikti of 

EUIiLbtvs^ ^ Uip ttD«a of curtaoiit ilcf ubu ; a tt^ C 

/illos : nqueir Bib.— Ial.fct«(iia.aiuul«: IrlUm-a, -cioh •scutiiiiK laeikBc TUbUnm. K 

n*ciil*» ^ n. hiiUig ■ cbuuor UaI II» aoitt ■ oltf, lUtu. 

•UID, V. Cuu. r« CLBTSK, V. n. To sIla^ ; W nvabl*; 

Td CLSM, «, a. 1. Td lUptbDle li7CBHit"*^'><-B. . 'M. Ktuffi 9M<r,~TeaL klanr^n, ttrta 

3. Tn iiop khgli briuui oniiu,ckjr. te-; tin (DB rtpiu* uajnlbiB Oil); Itl.ttlfir-a, M 

10I<^l■uf^ S— A. a.flaiiB^n. U. CtfVBKUS. ai^. Omr. T. Clcpo*. 

CLEtlEL, Cluhil, 1. Ei[il. luwu, Ocka. ••AHIt CLKVIB. L^. cIaIf, (.(.ttonr. MatOaiii 

lUim. (DSuDanlT Duncd noiul. uvl Btfo' nnidili. CLBVKKIB, rpl. Clittki. Bnulln. 

I> ilio unmig UuHc ■Uicfa UiU Ulud mOon)*." V. *CLBW, t. Ji ball of tbiwd, Wltidti^at, 

CLEMlk,!. AbbrcT. of riniHiiKfu, S. oiD Uulfhl iDIo BDt-t fulKr.' m.inn.onU 

ro CLENCH, >.!>, To limp Mb> BDie BlUi Cltaa. ' "Mmloiii, *U*bHW.u t-r - ' , 

JKeiloii'i I^Kiiu. I Into UiBfMadiKDtlilw ... 

CI^NCHIB-FIT. r A elab-twi. MWTOI. oB ihioM obo ; .i.J, lo. ., . 

CLKNQAIl. 1. Ooe aDplojHl la uh ntui (U IbB tc- will hold ihc ihmd , <! 

Ufs- klbi-pnt, bjnmlog Iba i.^i.-i-... ,l,l.^.j 

Til CbENOB. ■, «. t. LLIenllr, 10 clcuiH. Airri,' nuBaotjoui talan qiousi'," JCrirju. 
Bif- 1.>>l7la oculpue^ IDpnuIuce proof of I>> OLBIT, i. >. To clan 

ToCLEP. Curt,*, a. Toe 

CLK»IS,ip(. Cli<r>; 
>. Wailaet. CLIBUEB, Cvcuut, >. 
1 aaillF, OlilhD, OrktL 

« ulemnrDrmufdt^on 



aaui. Slvne. 

1. lo td Ibe [oU-Ulc, 





CilU. Tor 

C. B, 

Jireia»i (Q bubble. «ii! 


p«n loqUDdV, 8 — D*lg 


AtaKil. ^oa— U. 

OLICHBN, CiJioHiB, IftM,) 1. . _ 

Uidj ipaklDK, Teij llfhr, TdloM — nu 
be bibitJt Tsiu. Mffb Mur, Su- O. kit, fufl 

CLICK-CLACK. I, I'dlnwrriipUd lo^Btdlr, 

E. click aad dsd!. bmb tipnutn at b ri 

I ceulTe DDlH ; orTdDL iFtick-m, CIv^Mnt 

. SWu. 

niCLYDiaH, n. 

r, ir«D«Tm]1j ApplM to kfemiiLs; V. CtriTicv. 
luh liDl > EKM of^." Teilotd. CLIDTOCB, Ct.T 
1. kiarptjii, ginulK, UnenliKa, I Dumlr. — Crlt. 

. Tba fwm-bta « 

Ci.TEBa, >. 


T^OLEKK, CuH.n.n. To ■» » k IJtrt cr uib 

OLKRK-FLAVIB,'i. rl. Propctlj. thost Oi«iriM.I CLrfT, Oumt," 

RpniKUtalluia Ue lubJeciB of Bblsb w«* bomwol , ol^T, nij b> dkiI ■■ njalnlm) 

mm Sdilptnn, Calilmmid. i -fa. HI. 

CLET. CLm. .. A rocli or ol 

(roB Hie ndJolnlDE nekt 

Braiur) frlai- smI ZiU.— 

1* tu, bmkHi 

. Cklili. 

A pnWplM 

• bill. 

B. ZivTtnM. — A.B, oloiifik, rimi qwnlnu 
nmodDonUaiUiiiB Td dniltua, 

OLECCH. 01^. I. Cleier, Otiwrsui: llgtil-lDgnnl. 
B.II. S. MnttiilljuidicTeMliidnUtnE. a.S,— U. 
ilalbr, flklUdu. Titer ; <J<m. Uii#, Id. 

CLKirCK.OLVU. CluiI. Ci-oix. 1. L AclBvorUlon^ 
Z^Mny .' plno"' sf ■> enii. MMm. 3. Oflnk oud 
ln(bt]>^ u qmgb. olih E. (KiUkM. &>(> lYot. 
Eleq. t, Csal ScumUiTl; toi lb* huil, llnM 
a<r-<l<iicb. Uw lift hwil. S.B. VorlMit.~Pifbirpt 
■ dlmln. tnsi to. O. tit, TsoL UoHiWi ■ slm «t 

» CL£UOX, Cun, a. 0. L Froptrlf, to WU^ M 

l<Mrr.K. The plui wben It* Unb* MM 

, the bodf, Abrnl, ^ OtmAw, 4Ipm,-OM 
rl«/«t. DliiV'ni drf*. Ihii (vl. F& gf i 
niutere, •■ Ilia itap wail' my ctlfl- 

CUtT. : A upoi nf pnim,!. r .a. a. di 
dM", b«»ii«o p«rttd livni Uiv n.i. 

CLirTT. aij). Clcnr, nd; ■pi.II'd f ■ 
■ llgbt Diko IhM bu foBl icMvu, Silklik 
dilj rram Tvnt. tlirr^ii, A B. diZ-tn^ 

briAIj, Clfdti. 

-tw umlltT (If btlw ««Uj 
hivn'nf btl(1itl|r. IWd. - 

V CLIMP. t^ a. T» boob, 10 kb< 
u, "Ho eliMfd hi* UD Id ml 
Uamp-tit, bifpKtlii* MimbtDilcn 




Lm? mpt «. «. To catch op bj « quick more- 
rot Kf«. Hence, 

HPT, o^;. A d Jmnr creature, applied to one dle- 
%cd to piuloiD, ibid. 

UVP, «. «. To Ibnp, to halt, Ettr. Per. 
UNCH, Cltsscb, v. «. To limp, B. DomoUu. 
8a G. UalE-o, daodioare. 
SCH. «. A halt, S. ^. WOwm't Poewu. 
CLINGt «. ». To ihiink in coMeqoence of heat ; 
tcTm applied to Teuela made with stare*, when the 
&ia leparmfee Cron each other, 8. Oeiun, Bjnon. 
■JL 8. HimgoMj mareeacere. 

N, t. The diaizhoea in Aeep, Loth. Roxb. — 
Hh^ fnna A. S. ^Ung-mm, maicescere, ** to pine, 
• diaf. Off chzinlc op.** Bomner. 
XINK, r. a. 1. To beat nnartiy, to itrilce with 
UR blowfl, Aberd. — Tent. JUfncfce, alapa, colaphos. 
To vdle two pieces of metil by luunmering, B. 
ta. tiudk-er, id. from JUifiJbe, Uunlna. 8. To clasp, 
bcid. TarroM. 4. Uded Improperiy, as signifying 
> Bead, patch or Join ; in reference to dress, Ang. 
kafi Bcek, Ac T. Bkstew. 6. To dink a naU, 
» bead the point of a naO on the other side ; " 
rwin. with X. dincft. Belg. klimk-et^ "to fasten 
1th naUs. to diadk,** Sewel. 

ESK, «. A smart stroke or blow, 8. Hoaiaton. — 
nt HiudDe, fd. ; alapa, colaphns. 
[>'£, f . Maaej ; a cant tenn, 8. ^imu.— Prom the 
Mad ; Trot. Uintk-em, tinnire. 
[51; «. A woman who acta the part of a tale- 

CLX5 K, w. «. A term denoting alertness in manual 
pcntSoa, 9. 

CU5K, V. «. To propegate scandal, Upp. lAnarks. 
ZUXK. T. Ik To fly as a mmour. It gaed dinkin 
na^ ike Cown, & ; the report spread npidly. 
nXSnC ox, «. a. To clap on. Bawuay. 
3J9X 1^ r. «. To seise any ol^ect qiUckly and 
itiUy. S. — If not radically the mme with the t. 
eft. with ■ inserted, allied perhaps to Dan. toidre, 
diSA, a link, q. gdemckt. 

SEES, s. A ten-tale, lanaiks.— I hesitate whether 
view Bel|^ H<«i]t-as, to make a tinkling sound as 
K origta- The it. «. seems intimately allied. 
)itt-c«, however, signifies to tell again, and klik- 
r. an infbxmer, SeweL 

SKEKfl, s. fL Broken pieces ef rock ; Upp. La- 
■ka: apparei.Oy firom the Mond. 
SnCXT, pnt. *" Struck ;** 01. Antli]. South of 8. 
3IK-SAIL, c. A nail that is clinched, ibid. 
BKUMBEIXi, M. A cant term for a bellman ; from 
I* eiiaking noine he makes, 8. O. Burm. 
m.a, 1. A hard or flinty rock. OL Sibb. " Clinta. 
'nfioii amocLg«t bare limestone rocks. North.** Gi. 
mm. X Any pretty large stone, ofahanl kind, 8. A. 
^ The dtsigaatioo given to a rough coarse stone always 
lm thrown off in curling, as being mobt likely to 
Uip iu place oo the ice, ClTdes. Gall. 4. ClinU, 
|L Umiied to the shelr^s at the side of a river. 
t&IU^ s. The player of a dint in curling, 

IBTT, CLTirrr, adj. Stony, Loth. Jkmglcu.—Six 

t.UtaC. acopains. j 

^, I. 1. An appellation probably borrowed from i 

^Hk^ aevlj ^hom or dipped. Evergreen. 2. A I 

at:, tkc male or female foal of a mare ; Aberd. A colt 

^ Wa jtar old. Buekan. — Ciael. olioboa denotes 

iCBk. fnm which dip slight be abbreviated ; and 

^<a> H ^pe r , is apalfrey. aa ambling horse. 

7b CLIP, Cltp, o. o. 1. To embrace, ^tn^'t Quair. 
2. To lay hold of in a forcible manner. Dougleu. 3 
To grapple in a sea-fight. Wallace.— A. 8. dipp^n, 
djfpp-iaHf to embrace. 
Tb CLTPE, V. n. To fsll, Bochan, Meams. Tarra*. 
— Peihaps firom klipp-tn, sonare, reMoare. Cloit^ 
or Clyte^ is the term more generally us«d, & 
CLTPE, c. A fkll, ibid. 

2b CLYPE, «. n. To act as a drudge, Aberd —\A. 
kltf-iOj sarclnas imponore ; q. to make a beast of 
burden of one ; klip-a, torqoere, klip-Ot angudtiae. 
CLYPE, t. A dmdge, Aberd. 

CLYPE, s. An ugly Ul-shaped fellow ; as, " Ye're an 
ili-far'd djfpe,** Meams, Bochan.— Isi. klippi^ massa, 
^non. with Dan. klump, with which curresponds our 
8., dump, applied to a clumsy fellow. 
To CLYPE, o. is. 1. To be loquacious ; to tattle : to 
pmte, Boxb. Aberd. Ayrs. 2. To act as a tell-tale, 
Abeid. **To dype, i.e., talk fhseiy.** Ayrs. GI. 
8urr. p. flOl. The same with dep, but mora nearly 
resembling A. 8. cZxp-ian, loqui. Hence, 
CLYPE, c. A teU-tale, Loth. Always applied to a 

female, Clydes. 
CLYPER, f . A tell-tale ; used more generally, as ap- 
plied to either sex, Clydes. 
CLIPf AST, «. " An impudent girl." Ayrs. Gl. Surv. p. 

CLIPHOUSS, «.. A house in which falM money was 
to be condemned and dippfd^ that it might l>e no 
longer current. AdM Ja. VI. 
CLYPIE, 9. A loquacious female, Clydes. V. Clippie, 

CLYPIE, adj. 1. Loquacious, Loth. 2. Addicted to 

Uttling, ibid. Y. Clep. «i 
CLYPOCK, t. A fall. Stogi^e thfea dypodc, I will 

make you fall, Ayrs. Y. Clkkpik. 
CLIPPART, M. A talkative woman. Y. Clippie. 
CLIPPIE, t. A UlkaUve woman, S. Gl. Sibb.— From 

Tent kUpe, dicax, or the £. v. dtp. 
CLIPPYNET,t. 1. "An impudent girl." Ayrs. Gl.Surv. 
2. A talkative woman.; aynon,with CUj>jn't, Lanark s. 
— It may be observed, that thid ntrarly rc'semblf^s 
Teut. kleppnUer, crotalus, homo loquiix, sonora aU- 
modum et tinnula voce prouuDcians ; Kilian. 
CLIPP1NG-T13IE, t. Tlie uick of time, 8. A ntiquary. 
CLIPPS, CUPPES, t. An eclipse. Bannntyne Pormt. 
CLIPS, pret. v. Suffeis an i>cli|»sc. Cutnjdaynt Scot. 
CLIPS, t. pi. Stories ; falMhoods, Ayrti. 
CLIPS, Clippys. 1. Giapplinjr-irons, usetl in a 
sea-fight. Wallaee. 2. An Indtnimcut fur lifting a 
pot by its cans S. ; or for carrying a barrel. liomsay. 
It is also used in relation to a girdle. 3. liuokd for 
catching hold of fish, S. D. Slut. Ace. 4. A 
wooden instrument for pulling thibUes out of staud- 
ing com, Ayrs. OL Pidccn. 
CLIPS, «. pi. " Shears ;" Gl. Bums, S. 0.— Isl. t/i>/>- 

«r, id., forfices, klipp-a, tondere. 
CLIP-SHEARS, t. The name given to Uie oar-wi^', 
Loth. Fife ; apparently from tlie form uf its feelers, 
as having some resemblance to a i^air of h}%ears or 
CLYRE, t. 1, '* A dyre In m«?at," a gland, S. Tout 
klirre, id. 2. To leave no klyra in ono's breast,'' to 
CO te the bottom of any quarrel or grudge, S. " He 
has nae c^yres in his heart," he is an honest, uprifrht 
man, Clydes. 8. Clyrca in pL. diseased glands iu 
cattle. Y. Clvess. 
CLYRED, adj. Having tumours in the flesh. Cle- 


V. a- Bip], H tigiUfjias ^ rvpntt u Id 

CLtSH-HA-CLATSK, i. Idli rUjpDuno, ■ 

>lQ«*DnI. itamnr. 
ta CU8HMACL1VEK, *. H, TstH <^ 

CLVTB, Kltti. ckIt' S|>l>j-fHial, Boik, 

nici.rTK,v.iL To MJ iirnTUrr i»Ui. 

CLVrtl, I. 1. A hint or buvf full. Ibkl. 

CLYTIB, (. A dlmlngllTi tmn ClyK, p 

OI.VTRIli, 1. tllUi ; uf 

, Jinr nriue, Islb, 

CLITTRR-OLATTSR. oifp, A lertn urd lo 


u <eoH. A. Bar. 3. A nm 
ilthF umfiDtchlMliiwrtiLf, & 
CUJCKLBDUIK, I. TUe lAl^-Wid, 8. a 

CLOCKS. Cuicu.l.tiL Ttii 

la th« [ouau of titnuf. 

itmlMiHoAif, alurti, ttmckruli. rnunu. L - - 
OLOD, t. A dnr ; u, " k «l«l at Jan,' Dm 

fnm «;siA ( >IOD<, and fetbift nmn. A iod|E, 

TV CLOCK, Olj>i 

L T0 fllucl:, to c 

CLOCK, Clco, I. ThB cf; bi 


'CLOUR... ThlBn(7b€ 

nl apecieior beetlu. H. I 

OI«aKIIB.(. AhonillUnitaacni, S. 

OLUCKIRDnW. Cunia-lwo, a TJii 

fUuud la nruri. A)n. Ui>p. Clfiln. 

CUfCKINd, r. 1. Tb« ■ 

CLOf riK. I. Tbf DoKc Buule I 

•twr, 10 pal am daekin' U 

OLOICB, (guff.) a, 1 plwa gf ideller : I 
vhin DBS tuj' alBilii a iMnEh. ( 
DmI, Ajra Tbta li orlilanUl Q 

CU)lS,CboiH,i. A cJat 1 an aUsr. Jl 
CLOIS, t. A cmn. iknwlw.— ToaL f 
CLoyS.). Adolatu. AHflu.-Tnt 

sum. iKsaeUiUM L. B. cImo. 
OUIIT, I, A dhm, ■ 
Ttal. ktfMt. hano Mil 
B OUtlT, (. •. 1. Ts rail 
■ I ra H|ual dgin. (hillewa; 
dI m armnr 01. VarlilK 
" 1 vlHi iiDlaL 

CLOIT. Cun. (. Aliard 

btainr.a. i 

Cltikhw 1> alM uHd la ilio , 



• CLU 

ClOTT. I. An afternoon** nap ; m tiarCo, Renfr. — 

Gid. Ir. ooUofcU, ilecp, rest. 
ft CLOTTBR, V. ». To be engaged tn dirtj woik ; 

osed eqvallj In regard to wliat is moist, B.^Teat. 

Hrilwfm, macnlare. T. CijOWTTBa, and Clttbib. 
ClOITBBY, «. 1. Worlc which is not only wet and 

Duqr, boiilimy, Loch. Meams. 2. FllUi or offab of 

vteterer kind ; leeneially conveyinr the idea of what 
iiiaobt, or tends todoftle one, 8. Ueuce, 

CLOITERT -MARKET, c. The maricet ia Edlubnrgfa in 
wUeh the offal* of animals are sold. 

CLDITERT-WITE, «. A woman, whose woffc It is tc 
roaove filth or rcfose ; who cleans and sells oflkls, as 
tiipe, Ac , Loth. V. Clttbib. 

r*CU>K,r.ii. To dock. Y. Clock. 

CUiLUE. c. Apparently, skulL Sir Gawan and Sir 
Gal. " Clotf the crown of the head, the skull,*' 
Ow» ; Clclj pericxnnium, DaTies ; Boxhom. — Genn. 
UfmeL ffkmuiL 

fr CtOMPlI, Clam re, v. n. To walk in a doll, bt^ry 
■saner ; gcneially laid of one whoite vhoes are too 
IviEe, Ectr. For. Synon. CUff. V. Clampke iip. 

CLOOK, s. A claw or talon, Ac. T. Clbdck. 
I CLOOR, t. A tnmoiir. Y. CLont. 

CLOOT, «. The same with CluU. 

CLOOTUC Clttib. t. A ludicrous desifpuatlon giren 

•D the Deril, laiher too morh in the stylo of those 

I who "* say that there is neither angel nor spirit ; " 

nmecimcs JMd Clootie. 8. O., Ueams. Y. 


CUiBT, f. 1. Any miry or soft substance, especially 
Ihst which ia adh<-rive and contaminatiofr, S. li. 2. 
The thick teMfioefet bakii! for the use of the peasan- 
tty are denominated CTortt, Bochan. 8. An inac- 
liTc m-dmaed woman, Mcama. Hence, 

r« CLORT, r. m. To dUiri on, to prepare bread of this 
^cscriptioa, iUd. 

CU»BTY. «</. Dirty. Y. Cuuitt. 

CUKE, #. I, A y^f*atx ; an entry, 8. elooe^ Douglas. 
JntaC 2, Ma area before a houi»c, Roxb. 3. A 
cDort-yard l>eskie a farm-house in which cattle are 
ltd, and where stnw, Ac., are deposited, S. 4. An 
endosare, a place fenced in.— Belg. klufttt^ clau- 

I * CLOSE, odr. Cocstsncly ;. always ; by a slight tian- 

suion from tlie use of the f^rm in K. ; " Du you 

^e get a present when you gang to see your auntie ?" 

■" Aye, dose," Rozb. 

CLOeE B£I>. A kind of wooden bed still math ased in 

the homes of the peasantry, S. Y. Uox-bed. 
CUXEETIE. CLOsxini. t. ''The haOl dottnxe,'* 
Ihe whole ctrflvction. Clriles. 
' CUkSE-HEAD, «. The entry of a blind alley, 8. Beart 


CLOSER, f . The act of shutting up ; E. dUmurt. AcU 

Cha, 7. 
n/)SEBI8, CLorsorais. «. j<. Enclosures. DougUu. 
CLDSERRIS, r. pi. Perhaps clay|>s, or hooks and eyes. 

0. Fr. ^mur, cnsto« 
*CUj^IT,t. I. A Mrwer. 2. A night-chalr. Aberd. 

£<y. — IaL dr-ara. 
CLOSTER, s. A cloister, 8. 
To CLOTCn. r. a. ao«l n. As Clatrh, q. t., Al>erd. 
CLUTCH, f. 1. " A worn-out cart, shaking to piecvs, or 

any other machine almost oseless,** 8. B. Gl. Surv. 

Saira. 2. " A person with a broken constitution,' 

kid. This It eridently the same with CZaCcA, q. v. 

S. A bungler, Aberd. 
CL0CG1I,«. Apredptoe. Y. Clbitch. 

CLOYE (of a mOD, t. That which separates what are 
calletl the bridgeheads, S. Y\ CLorr. 

CIX)YES, t. pi. An instrument of wood, which closeH 
like a rice, used by carpenters for holding their sawH 
firm while they sharpen them, 8. Y. Cmrr. 

CIX)UTS,«.p<. GUws. IkmgUu.—Svk. (I klaa, ftxoa. 
klo, a claw. 

To CU)UK, o. a. To clock as a hen, Clydea Y. Clock, 
Clok, o. 

CLOUP, t. Aquick bend in a stick, Dumfir. 

CLOUPIE, t. A walking-staff haying the head bent 
in a semicircular form, ibid. Bynon. Crummie-itaff- 
— C. B. dopa, a club or knob, dwpa, a club at the 
end of a'sUck ; Teut. Aiuf>pelt stipes, fu&tis, baculuj^ 

CLOUPIT, port. adj. Baring the hesd bent in a 
semichrcular form ; applied to a walklng.i$taff, ibiti. 

To CLOUR, CLOwa, v. a* 1. To cause a tumour, S. 
Banuajf. 2* To prodooe adimple, £. Poems Buckan 

■ Dial: 

CLOUR, «. 1. A bump ; a tumour/ in consequence of 
» stroke or fall, S. S. P. Rqpr. 2. A dint cauMuU 

^ by a blow, 8b 8. A stroke, Don!. Guy Manturing. 

CLOUSB, CUTBV, «. A sluice, & AtU M. Jr.—Ft. 

' eduse, id. Arm. rleios, a ditch. 

TV CLOUT, V. a. To beat ; to strike ; properly with 
the hands, 8. Ferffuson. — Tout. Hots-en^ pulAsre. 

CLOUT, a 1. A cuff ; a blow, 8. Bitsotk. 2. It li used 
to denote a drubbing, a defeat 

To Fa' CLotrr. To fall, or come to the ground' with 

- considerable force. To come with a doutSf synun., 

CLOW, Clowb, t. 1. The spice called a clove, 8.— 
Fr. doiA, id., as Johns. Justly observes, from its simi- 
litude to a nail. 2. One of the laminae of a head 
of garlic, 8. ; like dove, £. 8. The dove-giiliflower, 

Tb CLOW, V. a. To beat down, Galloway ; used botli 
literally and metaphorically. 

To CLOW, Oi a. To cat or sup vp Krccdily, Ettr. Fur. 

CLOWE, a A hollow between hills. Sir Gawan and 
Sir Gal. The same with CUudi, q. v., also Cloff. 

CLOWG, r. A nnall bar of wood, fixed t» the door- 
post, in the middle, by a-scn.>^«-Dail, round wliich it 
mores, so tliat either cnd'of it may be turm^ rouiul 
over tfie end of the door, to keep it close, Ronfrcwis 
— Most probably from K. dog, as denoting a liiud- 

CL0WI8, s. fl. Small round pieces. Gawan and Go!. 
— A. 8. clrow : Teut. klouwe^ Bjihaera. 

CLOWIT, part pa. •* Made of clews, woven." Rmld. 
DmtoloM. — Teut. Xrlouwc, glomus. 

CLOWNS, «. pi. Buttei-wort, an herb, Roxb.; also 
called Sheep-rot, q. t. 

To CLOWTTKR, v. n. To work in a dirty way, or to 
perform dirty work, Fife. Clutter, Ang. V. Cumtbr. 

*CLUB, «. I. A stick crooktxi at the lower end, ai^ 
prepared with much c&rc, for tlic puri>"se of driving 
the bat in thegame of A'Amfy, 8. 2. Transferred to 
the instrument u.<cd in the more poli^hlMl game of 
Golf; a Got/-, or Gonf-dub^ 8. V. Golf. 

CLUBHER, s. V. CLinaEa. 

CLUBBISII, adj. Clumsy ; heavy ; and dfi*f>rop<>r- 
tionably made, Roxb. — Su. G. lelubba, cluva ; K. 
dub ; or klubb, nodus ; a knot in a trvo. 

CLUUBOCK, s. The s]>otted Blenny. a flith. Blenuiiirt 
gunnellu.'S Llun. SUUislieal Aoottunt. 

CLUB-FITTIT. ]}art. adj. Ilaving the foot turned too 
much inward, as resembling a du6, Loth. 

luuiil, Atienl. Pcrtuipi 

plAjcF 'iri1(D> Croia ii 

iXIAUnOODIK,). ThabUek-biAiledBimUiicHi 
0OAL4TAU.'>. 1. A huh t>m lo Uu t« 


rnua ibiiiliwli. 
OLUr, Olsit, I. 1 

■ptirlaiuiihlli], Tnlold.; i-fitUa 

TuOUm, D. s T* Mrlki ullh IbeBit^ (siUpi N 
enfl, Botb. 

CLUrl.f. A lUakcadklidueripUou; It cuS.-klH 
»pl. "A Mow Blren wlUi Ilie opoo hnnil," ibid.— 
B<l(. Uww-M. 10 bMl( : fcloHit, " k HNkt « blow ; 
moil prapHlr wlui ttaa Out r Soril. 

CLCKIB^ T. CLtuolE. 

CLDM, port, pa, Clanb or cUnbail, Bmb.; CIhm. 
pret fl. O. 

ChCM)fYS,pa».pa.<itCUmi. Ihuelai. 

CLUMP,!. AhB»iiy,lii«UYtWlow,S.— 3o,(J.tIii»p, 
T*ai. UaMpf, ■ BUB. 

n OLtmSB, V. f>. Bipl," 10 diet* ftlrei." Shea. 
T*Q.parl-pa. Kmply,iLppU«d(olb«ildiiibchoibeUT 
ler long hiUDg, S. — ttomE-din^f^iairj up- ff«u- 

Fg CLUNK, il H. Tn emll ■ holloir nod intomptal 
•owd. u tUat pAtOQedlnK from »ny liquid couDiud 
lb dk cKBli, wben itiJikHi, If Itae oak b« not foil, " 
Dun. e'«ut,tlie(nBiHiigataowmiMinonOi«l 
■Bnlb-Doakcd botUewheu Uta drnplJInKj Sw, Hi 


IVD. lUiiih,— Hob, fiDiB A 
a. «*-a, cum™. 
0IJATa,CnmiB.».»4, AmnJin 


CLUNKBlt, I. A tumour ; ■ 

in. a-ij. CoTcnd ■ 
.1. DT llMi. Uul It Dfululd 

1.8. B. 

r Hoot uiieqiul, S.— Ooir 
oroitan, Boib. 

abaul (Ai ^n ,- >pca< 
enl, W.T. lbld.i .}»o, 

CLCPH. (. An Mil, 

CLCFHIN, pan. f 

Inf Ubw In iiu Idti 

OLtTBHAH, Oi>a.CLiIillAI, (. Tlu doDf of ■eo* 
LI divpa In ■ viBtU linp, DuuFr. — kUatii 

»n|tltUIUlll>:ll«M,lt(Un. T. TOKBUCB. 

CLUSHIT. I. 1. ThcuddeioficDw.ltaib.— Fail 
DB S eleuK, chuV Sr, ecIvK. 3. Ttaf ■loniu 

CLCSnST, >. Ooa obo bu tht chaisa of ■ co«-bc 

Uddasd. Byrcviait, ipioa. Roib. 
CLCT, I, Perhapa. a ^inancltj. Aiint. Sig,—'\ 

CLUTI, Ctool, I. 1, Tbo balT of Iha lioof of 
'aren-faolsd anloat, B. JTiiMiriv. 3. Tha ■ 
Kif.e. S. Hrtapb, OBHt Coragli«lEbrut,B. IM 

ii'koDlut, 8, fbrba. KshirUg, h 

m iHtLeal bj flra. 

iru>Ci)ti.tD BklwiT. A iHOTafbUI pi 

rk diu nailiBl); M 


> do asf Uilofi OB oni^a panaaal 

UOBSINU, I. The art oT 

il. »>Ad«ioLM a hi 

B ««. "■kiioeli, a 

Xiir, iUiun<pur.'-t>iT> 

CUBLH, Knail. t, 1. A i 

aiuflt, uTlouU. Ifjimtowi 

flshlaE IHMI, & TbcWRB I 

■nd mMc," Bnk Ii»L 
CUBUt. >, a. To ilHp 

COBLB,!, A»iunHal,og 

COIIUI.I ]. Aaappanliu 

IfEii ; a bno balog . ~ 
Fbda «qib]1)r pnijcctlna, 

uka Ibli amuacBiiil, ikld. 1 
a lb IIHd, 3- A|ipI1nt » IW 

COULia, o^-. I.bibla lo aoob ronl 
aoUon, Ibid, BfDon. CvBlit a 

OOBOtSCHOtTH, CaaoTCioDi, CuoMiBaca. i 
baailll. HU(k Imd. « bl(b«l (an at ■ 

□ime gl-rta tu the d«lL V. CuMni*. 
j>drf pr. DitiUH aDf ptfica of hu»lu«u 
Il and dirif ■■;, S, S.— Tiui. ktmict- 

COAOT, COiCTu, par!, fa. Ton 

CacUAGHDKBATUt, i. An sHIh Hid lo tonlnB 
uBiEDUt bold in BcHlaBd. — Ap|iv«Ur afrr. tl 
dtpulj or tli* I/air nffir, •bleb wmt 




Tf COCK, B. «. To miss ; « word lued bj boji in 

fht^ at law or maTblefl, Aberd. 
J9 COCK, V. n. Kxpl. ' * to resile from an engneement; 

ti draw back or eat In one^si words,*nEU>xb. Celt eoe, 
c^. a liar. T. To cry CnX:, to. Cok. 

COCKf •. The mark for which eurUrt plaj, 8. Called 
ia seme places the Tee^ q. t. Bums, 

CCiCK. f . A cap ; a head-dress, 8. D. Sou. 

COCK-A-BENDY, i. 1. An Inatroment far twisting 
npe«, con«l>fting of a hollow piece of wood held in 
Ih-e hand, thraaph which a pin mns. In consequence 
tfthls pin being tamed roond, the rope is twisted, 
inn. 2. Expl. "A sprightly boy." Damfr. 

*C0CK*A*noOP, The E. phiase is nsod to denote a 
boBper, Fife. One who 18 half seas over, is also 
■aid to be cock-a-kncp, ibid. ; which is nearly akin to 
tfce E. srnee. ** triumphant, exulting." Fpenser uses 
atdk on Aoop, which seems to determine the origin ; 
<\, the cock sieated on the top of his roost. 

COCKALAN, M. 1. A comic or ludicrous representa- 
tfoo. AeU Jo. VI.^Fr. coq d Vdne, a libel, a pns- 
qir.n, a satire. Defined In the Dictlonarj of the 
Academy, '* Diseours qoi n'a point de suite, do llai- 
foo. de raison." 2. An imperfect writing. 

COCKALORUM-UKE, oil/. Fooliiih ; absurd, Ayra. 
Tie Entaa. 

COCK ANDY, t. The PafBn. Alca arctlca, Linn. S. 
TiEMimarif, Tnmmjf-nodJy, Orkn. SibbiML 

COCK AXD KEY. A stop-cock, S. 

COCK ASD PAIIa. a spigot and fkucet, 8. 

COCK-A-PENTIE, t. One whose pride makes him lire 
sod act above his Income, Ayr*. 

COCKA WIN'IE, Cacxawtxsik. To ride eodmwinie, to 
ride oo the shoulders of another, Dumfr. Syn. with 

COCK- BEAD-PLANE, f. A plane for making a mould 
ins which projects abore the common surface of the 
tlBber. 8. — As bead denotes a moulding, 8., the term 
fork may refer to the prelection or eleyatlon. 

COCX-BIBD-IIKillT, t. 1. Tallness equal to that of 
a male chicken ; a^, "It's a fell thing fcr you to 
glc younjM-1 ric airs ; you're no coek-bird-hight yet," 
8. 2. Mrtaph. transferred to eieratiou of Kpirits. 

OOCK-FEEE. i. Cock-broth, Boxb. Cockie-UekU, 
fvuuii. St, Rvfuin. 

CQCK-CBOW'X KAIL. Broth heated a second time : 
Kopposed to be soi^h as the cuck has erovfd over, 
beiDjr a day old, Boxb. Synoo. Could kaU ket 
sjNsin. 8. 

COCKFE. «. In the divenion of curling, the place at 
ca>'b end of the rink or course, whence the stones 
Bwt b« bailed, and which tliey ought to reach, gene- 
rally marked by a cross, within a circle, 8. A. ; Cock, 
Loth. Pavidton*i Sntofu. 

COCKEB. Coexist, t. The sperm of an rp^ ; the sub- 
itecce sUf •posed to be iAject«d by the cock, 8. 

T-; COCKER, v. n. To be in a tottering state. Loth. 

COCKERING, part. pr. Tottering ; threatening to 
taz.lle ; e^fpcciaiiy in conse^^uence of being placed 
v.<t hifh. ihid. 

COCKERDECOSIE, »l9, Synon. with ClDdterd<A/>y. 

COCKERDEnOY. 7b ritle eockerdck»f ; to sit on the 
thr.\ild*n of anoth<:-r, in imitation of riding on horse- 
>M/'k. ? B. — Fr. eoTiiardi'^iw, a i>roud fool. 

COCK ERIE. a-fj. Unsteady in position, Perths. The 
mme with Cf)dbnrtuw%. 

DX:K£BIENE88, «. The state of being CbcXxrftf, id. 

COCKKRNONNY, «. The gathering of a young wo- 
man's hair, when it is wrapt up in a hand or fillet, 
commonly calle<I A-tnood, 8. Jiamsay.— Tout, koktr, 
a case, and wmne, a nun ; q. such a sheath for fixing 
the hair as the nuns wure wont to use. 
C0CKER8UM, adj. Unsteady in position ; threaten- 
ing to fall or timible over, 8. — Fr. coqwirde, a cap, 
worn proudly on the one side. 
COCK-HEAD, «. The herb All-heal, Stachys palustrls, 

Linn., Loiuirks. 
COCKY, adj. Tain ; affecting airs of importance, 8. 

B. From the £. v. to cock. Bou. 
COCK IE-BEN DIE, «. 1. The cone of tlio fir-tree, 
Renfr. 2. Also the Uu^e conical buds of the plane- 
tree, ibid. 
COGKIE-BREEKIE, ». ihe same with Coekerdfkoy, 
Fife. — Isl. kock-r, coacervatus, and Sw. brek-Ot dlva- 
ricare, to stride. 
COCK IE-LEEK IE, f . Soup made of a coci boiled with 

leeks, 8. 
COCKIELEERIE, «. A term expressive of the sound 
made by a cock in crowing, 8. — Tent, koekeloer-erij to 
cry like a cock. 
COCKIE-RTDIE-ROUSTE, s. 1. A game among child- 
ren, in which one ridt'S on the sltoulders of another, 
with a leg on each side of his neck, and the feet ovor 
on his breaiit, Boxb. 2. It is also used as a puni.nh- 
ment inflictod by children on each other, for some 
supposed misdemeanour. 
GOCKILOORIE, «. A daisy, 8hetl.— Perhaps from 
8u. Q, koka, the sward, and lura, to lie hid ; q. wtiat 
lies hidden during winter in the sward. 
COCKLAIRD, s. A landholder, who himself pos<K*sses 
ami cultivates all his e&tatu ; a yeouan, S. 
COCKLE, CoKKiL. s. A scallop.— Fr. coquille. Tho 
Ordrrtiftke Oxkle, tliat of St. Michael, the kn!.7htd 
of which wore the scallop as their badge. Com- 
playnt S. 
To COCKLE (he cngt of a mill, to make a .flight inci- 
sion on the cogs, for directing in cutting o(T the ends 
of them, so that the whole may preserve tlie circular 
form. The instrument used is called the cockle.. 
Loth. — Germ, and mod. Sax. kttghfJ-rn, nUundare, 
from Teut. koghel, Germ, kughel, a globe, any thing 
To COCKLE, V. n. "To cluck as a hen," Roxh. — 
From Che same origin with £. cackle, Teut. kaeckel- 
en, 8u. G. kakl-a, glocitire. 
COOKLE-CUTIT, atjj. Having bod ancles, so tliat the 
feet seem to be twisted away h-om th^m ; lyin^ out- 
wanls, lianarks.— 1.<<1. koeckvll, condylus ; q. having 
a defect in the Joints. 
COCKLE-UEADED, ar^. Whimsical ; maggoty ; sin- 
gular in conduct, S. Cock-hrnined is us«.'d in the 
same sense in E. Itob Boy. — 0. B. coegvalch signi- 
fies conceited, proud. 
COCKMAN, s. A sentinel. Sfartin's West [si. V. 


COCK-MELDER, s. The last melder or grinding of a 
year's grain, Lanarks. DustymfUhr, syoon. As thU 
melder contains more rcfuso (which is called dust) 
than any other, it may be thus denominate<l, b^^cause 
a larger share of it is allowed to tlic duughill- 

COCK-PADDLE, s. The Lump, a fisjh ; Cycloptcrus 
lumpus, Linn. 77k^ Pad ZZe. Orkn. Hibhaid, 

COCK-BAW, adj. Rare ; sparingly roasted, or boiled, 
Loth. Roxb. Synon. TKain 


C0I>K,1. A I 

COUaEDKIX, I. Aa BVit- V- CocitinL 

COD-HtTLK, t. A [HIUHillp. Roib. q. Tba kmk oc 

30DLE (com). >. a. To mtkt A* eMih Df dm 

Oul. ■ ifc '—tM. wwKUiam, axIrir-wA m mnle. 
CMUKClin, a4(. Died u ifDOU. vllb (1iMn/(, 
gintliBan.— Pcitapii «( Tnil. or^ciB, trtn bwlt 
■ukl. kud rvA wliM ta unsgr ironli, u IncnaiUif 
UwUilcnUhMUiia; Wmd-riK*.!)- iVJi U> Miadoni ^ 

COCWJUlJt, I. A pOloiifillp, S.— A. a. HT. Mtu- 

ncorv, Oatr^ • 

COQOLIS. I. A >Bpt»n, Aar, SjnM. S»4t 

COM l^N TREK. libniii«Dil Out ItiU K KOrr. tf 

«mI1t anmt. Oi fna T«u. ImeM. Dui. hj*^ 

OUtiHUaAKCK, (. 
iiw; 0. Pi. Ox 
CtHlNOeOK ti 

M»lf ll 

icnlKiy.— B. «t«l^ 

flTlDf JadtnEnt Is ■ 
ri>COaK0aCI,«>>. l. To lEnnUilH 




CUkv^iie.— Trom cngnogct^ as ii»ed in the S. Uw to 
driwie iV.e proof taken In order to pronounce a man 
in '4»< or Inmne. 
COGNOsTIN, t. The act of sltUng cloM together In 

•ecm cenfereoee, Cpp. Lanark i. 
COG^EB^ t. Tbe p«T*on who, in the act of Mvlnjrling 
fiix. firA breaks it vitli a gwinff-tfott and then throws 
ft u> another, Rozb. 
COG-WAME, «. A protubeiant belly ; q. resembling 

snotf. Her^t Coll. 

lMr-WYM£D, adj. Uarlng a protuberant bellj. E. 

pol-idlird is the term mo^t neorlj allied ; hut Uie 8. 

eoni I* not merely applied toperaons irrown up, but to 

i-hiklrcn, those especially whose bellies are distended 

Ij estl&i; great qusn cities of undigestible food, or of 

thst which is not aolid, 9. 

DiOUW, inUry. Uhed at Hide and Meek, Aberd. Also 

•niten CoAov, q. T. 
r* COT, 9. a. I>oubtfU ; perhaps to Clow, or Sky. 

Kciih'i UisL 
C4iY. «. The name giron to the ball usi-d In the game 
U Skintie, Dumfr. — C. B. ooffi ** a mas* or lump ; a 
»hort piece of wood ; '* Uwrn. 
CUT, adj. Still, qaieL Ljfndtay.— Jr. eof, evy, id., 

frcm Lai. quiet-us. 
CurDOCU, CuTi'VdCB, t. A term of contempt applied 

u> a puny wight. J*nl%part. 
C'lYDCKE. «. 1. A decoj-diick ; use*! to denote a man 
■•mikioTed by a niagiktnte to lenipt people to iwear, 
thai they might be fined. 2. It Is alto commonly 
a«l to denote a perMU employed by a seller, at a 
rmp or auction, to give fictitious bodiv or <ifTer.s in 
«4cr to raise the price of an article, 8. Bya, a Wkite- 

ft COJE£T. e. u. To agree : to fit, Tpp. Clydes.— 

PcfLaptf from Fr. con, and jett-er, to cast, to throw ; 

q. to throw together. 
CTiIf. s. A cave. Ifvuglaa. 
lOIFI. i. The arch-druld, or high-priest among the 

bnj&t. V. CoiTiB. 
Cf'IG. V. OKI, CoAO. 
lOlL a An instrument fonaerly mtctl in boring for 

ecaJA. T. gTcna. c. 2. 
CiiIL. s. Coil '/kajf, cock of hay, Pcrtlis. 
dlLHEUCH, f. A crAlpit. 8. Sktne. 
i'lfLL. CoTLL. s. Ctial. Attt ilarjf. 
lul>, ConrrK, «. A comer. Barbvur.—TT. c&in. Id.; 

Xr. euinne. a corner, an angle. 
r- OJlNTELL, r. a. 1. To agitate, as in churning 

Kiik ; "Ot> tlijs a bit wnyellino" Ayrn. 2 To 

is^ur;: any liquid, by agitating it too much, ibid. — 

Ftrfaaps a dim. from Gael, euinneog^ a churn. 
T CUW, X. n. To exchange. V. Coj*k. 
t.'«ilK>ING, Churrif andSlae. V. Co«b, r. 
i^il^T, 0»rT. t. 1. The M«Ie in the human body.— 

LaL ef'Ua. Dmtolas. Wallace. '1. The trunk of 

*^t UAj. DouffloM. Z. AIm> u-ted for E. nxut, Lut. 

c-ta. lM»ugla*. 
f.OIiT. ». 1. Expense ; cost. Dnuglai. 2. Thepro- 

T>:r.n made for watching the bordcis. A'U Jd. II. 

—Ms .«o. G., c«i>t, charge. 
roiyT. ff. 1- Duty {arable in kind, Orkn. 2. The 

ra->nanc^ given to a .<>er\ant, as dli>iinci from money, 

.oA. .SI-'h^.— ?u. G. D»n. koet, food. 
0.«y.-T adj. A r?'pr«iachful epithet. 
r*CUlT. r. n. To butt ; to jostle, /lirrfiin.— Fr. cott- 

fr, to bott; I -J. kutUr, tor^'os, kutUa, Tiolcntur 

COrr, CoiT. •. A cot. Abrrd. Rtg. 

To COIT, Quoit, r. n. A term u.>w>d in Ayr**, a-t etiuiva- 

leut to the r. (Turl ; to amuse one's bclf by curling 

on the ice. C%Ut Is used in the amc scoac iu Tpp. 

COITE, B. A ruto. The same with Cotf, t\. v. 
C0TTT3, ». pi. IVd for Quotts. V. Coats. 
COIVIE, t. Tlie n;ime given in (iavl-c lu the arch- 
druld, written CuimAi or ChvAfhidh. 
COK, I. Meaning doubtful. 

COK. To cry cok, to a(.'l(nowli'«I^'0 that one i.s van- 
quished. Di>uifhi*.—0. ('elt. ciiC, m«-ch:iiit, vilo. 
COKEWALD, «. A cuckold. Cliauc — M. 7r.1nA-.T7/, 

cmTucu, Mu comutuii ; from krun, uxor, and kv'loj 

macnlare ; G. Andr. 
COLE, $. A crick of hay, Ang. V. Coll. 
COLE, $. A cant t^-rm for money, S. O. 
COLE-IIl'G II. «. The hli.ifl of u rcil-pit. S. 
COLV:UOOD, «. The Uloik-cap, a biitl, !4. 
a>LEH0ODING, «. The Bluck-cup, a bird, S. Ovif- 

h^iod. SiOltald. 
COLEMIK, CuAiMiR. <. The Coalfibh, Am-Uus niger. 

Ang. — Cicim. Luhlmuhlrn. id. 
To COLF, ». a. To calk a tJiip.— Fr. caJfat-er, Trui. 

kallf/ott-fn. Id. 
COLFIN, CiLrixti, t. The wadding of a gun, S. WuJ- 

To COLFIN. Cai-fix. r. o. To fill wiUi W.-nldlug, S. 

COLIUKAND, s. A contempt uous do>igintion for a 

bUcksmith, Bonier. Wati'.n't CidL-^a. G. kol. 

carlio. and brttina, urcrc ; t|. tin* cnil-hurntr. 
COLK, «. The Eider duck, a t»ea-fowl, S. Ttie Duntur 

Gotitc oi ^ihhuXa. Monroe. 
COLL, Coi.E, ji. A cock of hay, 8. B., A. Mor. Hhm.— 

Fr. cueiU-er, to gather ; E. to coil. 
To COLU V. a. To put into cocks ; as, " lias he coll'd 

yon hay ? " S. B. 
To COLI*. V. a. 1. Tocut ; to cl:p. To atll thf hair, 

to poll it, 3. 2. To cut anytliing oblii|U>.'ly, ^.— ^u. (r. 

kull-a, Vcrtici> i*ni»illos uliiuilvre. V. (.■>*'. 
COLI^ 8. A line dniwu. iu thi' uniu.M'Uii'nl of dirlintr. 

acni>s the rink or coiir>«'. Th« stcne wlii-.-li ^\^.t^■s 

not \ia»» thi.4 linei.'t CHlletl a h-ff, ur-ii i> ihniwii i^i if. 

as not living counti «I in the ganiL*, .Vn^u? ; OtUii or 

Otallitt Slirlin;:^. lI'tQ-f*^rr. >yn(>n. 
COLLADY-jTOXE, t. A nMniv giv»ju li> iiuartz. Roxh. 

It [» ulbO pn»n. Oiic-la'lygtnnf. — IV-ih;ni> ourr. 

from Fr. caillttfau, "a cliiu:k->toni>, or liule timt- 

COLL.VT, Com lt, ». A collar.— 0»^W was used in thi' 

aiuie sense iu O. E. Fr. adht, " tiie tlimat. or f«Mt> 

part of the Uf'i-kc; al.^n the culler of u joikln, kc. ; 

the cai»e of a cloke," Cot^r. 
To COLIjATIO.N, r. a. To compare ; to collate.— Fr. 

ooUatiimnrr, id. Stiir. 
COLL.\TYOWN, s Conference : di&couree. }yyntou'n. 

^Ijit. rtillatio. 
To COLLECK, r. n. To think ; to n-coll-ct. .\».«ti1. 
Xi-arly allied I" the u>e of the E. v. to cnHict hinif ■'/' 
COLLIXTOKY, Coi.i.kih.kik. *. 1. Th..- iliurv- -f 

coIK-cting mouey. Afitrd, }{*g. 2. Moni-ycolUvt'.-il. 

V. Kkakk. 
To COLLEGE, r. a. To educaie at u college or unlvtr- 

.nlty, S. f.i?»i/Vi.«7. 
COLLECENAK. Cki i.KtiiiiNRr..«. «. A .stu>l. nt at a 
college, S. .V/fi/'/iMi/. 

iCOLLEKAl'CII. (.'oLi.tKKTii. Cni.FR4iTii, .♦. A >urety 
given to a couit. lial/iiur't Tract. V. CrLKKACH. 
COLLIE, CuLLLY, $. 1. The bhcphenl's do^;, S. A. 


n. ObeI, culie, alluledat. 
iilin coDBlanilf, H. S, A 
ir ■ dloBcr. CntdmiBBd. 

■Iilenbla drcrta of obllqullr.u ilCBirirllil U tnUDKlc 
« Wif (Idti. a, 4. 4 To wniinrla ; to qmrrel »llh, 

tnie atlr^tn' mat unlUisr," Roib. 
n OOUJK. CoLLiT, e. n. To jitid In ■ contcM ; u 

knock Hurler. LMb. 
COLLIEBDCTigH, t. A iquabblf, Klnnu. T. Cm^ 

iqiKbble, B. 


Ad u 

&-. 1. 




a. Annj 

pnitmBBv, ibniwh 


la order to osltg rid leu 




id poppT, J< 

re COUluiDD Vllb.— Idl. 


C0LM1X.>- A full-imini oMl-Bsh, HntDi. Sjiibd. 

ftwift, BtiilTi. V GnuiTi. 
COI/)rB-DK-ROT. 1. ^iKTd. S-c.—Tr. cauiar de 

Ibr), " Id old Hdk purplo, niTW Ihc bHght tmj','' 

COLPINDAOB, 1. AiODngHwthiilbuiineralTcd. 

mau.— Quel. wUUark, » M« cidf. 
COLKACH, t, A inRif. T. CoLLmvcn, 
COUIIK, 0^. CoDtdiulile : niig . a4ii. 

COI.CMIIK, adj. 

COMASUKS, f. pi. 

COMB,t, AcHl-td 
fto COUBALL, v, H. 

Fife.— AplwIDIlJi' 

undDobiedlj ts CDlna't-Jfoa, <. <-, 

lehnltd Si, Oolmnlia. Mm at Ion 

cowBUBOBse; I. a rcim-«iUHii.- 

COHuy-WnX. I. I. An biTb. thnk, or tree, Uikl 
■pnnm up •psBlincaialT. Bin lurlnit bwn pUolrd , 
4. tmui </ lu own wHI, Roib. S. Rwh aiiiJird H 
uif vilnul Uul cona. of lli own acoonl. Into one'i 
[■q— f l on . Ibid, (^mifn, KjDon. 3. Trwitff rrod to 

CI Mrotbir hir c 

12 COH 

COHEB. Come, I. A mi^n. 

p«< o( lurlug ■ HdEl MDlWiBtoUOD. no 

Ihm irllKbles. 
CUMEKA DE. I. AuKtltwcif Ililidai«tt«oa 

•nut ID be Brum, wlili HscMw In Uu Wot 
Pr qaMTOdf, *' cbuDbprfnll, ■ maTttnjtbu' 
lo one chinbtr," Coifr.; O, tt. atmin, lat. 

B, ■ EhUpbH. 

COMERA'UIN, >. Aum BMdU>d«wtirIb>l 

OOMKSIABIX, wtj. Eiuhlo; «( Air IMd.- 

Ist. amed-d, e>s'Jl4«i, to coL 
COMrARAKT.UKB, 01^. DMoMi bt«nhi| 

■wlckt— Thi> Ban ba • (ow. of Cmfmin, q. 
Tto COMrLKK, ■. H. To nOtd, Bowfcka.— Tr 

tarffUtl-rtt, to baod, oi Anjibrf-I. n e«B(nll 

tptUta lolbonlad. 
COUTE, Oiuum, i. A lens wUib IWqiH 

curalBoiiraldleEil dcedi, »drBBilii( <Ii«a 

CDUnc41 of ■ boTgb. now Bcnanllr oiled Ibt 

Cmnca.—h. B. nrnOanu. 

OOHHISSAIUt, t. A commluloDH j i 

tAldlcn, Bt ^e fvpaioa ctf iha f 
WITO. ifown/i £fr«I. 

COMMIflSER, t. A toamltmrt oI ■ 


COMMON. By »m*«i,URiwo;oul 



CUUHO!«. Cowaoss. f\i fr« fn ««'< cmam 
aUlged 10 ouit, S. FiUmllit. T-quiltatm 
U reqirita, Kiua.—rnia mmmani. la il( 

COMMONTr, Comacnmf, t. I. A eomaod 

BODl. Hdlf 


ri y<i. r/. a. a firbt of t> 

1 oUtDTA 1 4. JsrladlcUe 
1/ Pratt. A. CesBanalq; 

lurulalud (nwi U» blfbar n 

Jtfrd. Jdv, 
TV COMHOVK. f . a. 1 To bhnr In 
nouon, I. To oflTDdi IB dUpto 

CUHMOOKD, a^F^ ComiBon. JUitA ttm. 
COMMUtllON. 1. Th<nunc(lTnlBHa>pl 
■■jefasilneDOp. loiha SusuHM Of Oh Si 

Ii li aloxBlari iii 

anrlpcanit dailfi 





•dTj. Xqwl ; coMpMibtowith. BdUmden. 

JLB, «. «. To appear ; to be inadt nmni- 
t« MBM witii Compeir, q. ▼. SeflMdes. 
^B. Lug. c— i jMifgi i yto , eonponiet. JJoii- 

LA3f<3l» 9. The act of {ircaenttog ooe'f self 
rt, & Baiilic 

UE« C01IPBA&, «. «. 1. To appaar tn the 
i of anotber, Jeilmdm. 2. To prewat one'i 
i court, oiTll or eocIetiMtical, In crninegneaoe 
taBmo«d,& PriaU PMU,—Wt,<tmfQ0^ 
ippfOT ; Lat. eamparHTt^ id. 
lAKT, e. One who iMkcs kU appeaiance, 
illol, la a eoart. 
SEE, c One who makes eompen»tIoii. 

a. The Pather^Iuher, Orkn. Barry. 

L a. Toreatiain; toaMuage. BaOHe. 

*KTK. m.n. To be In a itate of onnpetition, 
Ikrie. — Lat emmfeirtre, 
tnJLIIf, OoMPLBni, «. a. To all, 8. MaemeiU, 
a metoayBiical ate of the X. tenn, the effect 
rat for the cease. 

Uf K. The last of the canonical hoan. DimgUu, 
a— ijifgarfgf, ofllciam eedeiiasticam, qood 
dlonia oOeia compUi et daadit 
MX 80!CO. The song sang at the test of 
boors ; the erenlng song. T. Cox- 

msrr, #. a present; a gift, S. Sir J» 

^LIMXXT with, v. a. To present one with, 8. 
PLCTHSB, e. a. 1. To oomplj ; to accord. 
»a'd aarry her, bat shell no com piu tk er ,** 
OomfUmitr, Mcams. — Lat. oomptoiukre, to 
SDds together, or In nnison. 2. To salt ; to 
aaswer anj cod prqxMed, Boxb. 
rrHKB. s. A mistake, Stirlliigs. 
iQNS, «. a. To settle. R, Bruce. 
*ONK, «. a. To compoand. BaiUie. 
FIT, adj. Gomponnd ; In grammar. 
iITIOUNB, t. Composition ; setdement of a 
Act AmdU. T. Coarovs. 
ITIOUN. $. "Admlaiion to membership In 
tf." Abtrd. Btff. 
3LBX8a, t. The act of com^Ttiilng or includ- 

icCf Jfonr- 

»RY8X, 9. a. Legally to attach for debt, ac- 
; to the ancient form ; a forensic term, 8. 
r'aPraet. — Fr. eomprendrt^ compris. 
'8XB, s. The person who attaches the estate 
her for debt, S. 

SrSQ, 8. Attachment for debt. 
^BOMIT, « a. To engage themselyes con- 
; osed of those who pledge themseWes mu- 
o aDj effect. Ow a prtMail is lometimes ased 
ir«C /HtfooMts.— Lat compromiU-ere, Id. 
*B01f IT, V. n. To enter into a compromise ; 
lie tens. 

KIT, s. A compromise. Baif. Prod. 
B, Coarraa, CoMPTaa-CLArrn, s. Meaning 
L Perhaps a oorerlet for a bed, or ooonter- 
•r fkma Fr. eomptoir, a table for casting 
a, or aeoffer for bedding money. Aberd. Reg. 
^KFOW, udj. Oiatefnl ; thanltfU, Berwlcks. 
ly far mnikankftm^ from the phrase to eon 

OON, f. The squirrel, A. Bor., id. Jfoaf^osierie. 
To CON, V. a. To Cox Tbask. Y. Ccv. 
OONABILL, ComiABLa, adj. Attainable. Barbmir, 

— Lat. eonaMtii, what may be attempted. 
OONAND, port. pr. Knowing ; skilful.— From (hsn, to 

know, q. y. Wyntown. 
To CONCXALE, Comcbil, v. a. To conciliate, to 

reconcile. Jf ore.— Lat. concU-io. 
OONGXITT, CoxcxATT, adj. 1. Conceited, 8. Q<at. 

8. Indicating affectation or self-conceit, S. 
CONCEIT-NET, s. A fixed net, used in some rlrers, 

& B. 
To OONCELISE, v. a. To conceal. Invenioriet. 

* CONCERNS, «. pi. A tenn used to denote relations, 
whether by blood or marriage, 8. — From Fr. oemcem- 
er, to belong to. 

CONCIOUN, «. 1. An assembly. 2. An address made 
to an assembly. BdUnden. — Lat. Tocarl ad oonct'o- 
naa. Fr. concion is used in both senses. 

CONCUBSE, ff. Concurrence ; codpentlon. Acts 
Atumblf. — Conctir»-«i«, as bearing this sense, Is a 
term of common use in the Lat of scholastic tbeolo- 

* To CONDEBIN, v. a. To Uock np in such a manner 
as to prerent all entmnce or passage ; sometimes im- 
plying the idea of corporeal danger, 8. Pitscot- 

To CONDESCEND, «. a. To specify ; to particularise ; 

most generally with the prep, upon added, 8. QtUKri€t 

To CONDESCEND. «. n. To agree, & Complaynt S. 

— fr. condetoendrCf to Touchsafe, to yield, to grant 

unto ; Cotgr. 
CONDESCENDENCE,*. A specification of particttUn 

on any subject, S. Spalding, 
CONDET, CoMDiOT, CoxDTT, t Safe conduct ; pass- 
port Wallace. 
CONDT, t. A conduit, S. 
CONDICT. t. Conduit; passage l>ouaIa«.— Tent 

konduyt ; Fr. conduit, id. 
CONDINGLY, adv. Agreeably ; loTingly. Thus it Is 

said of two or more who seem to be very happy In 

mutual society, "They're sittan yerycrmdins'^y theie," 

8. B. — An oblique use of £. condignly. 
To CONDUCE, V. a. To hire. Pit»coUie.—JMi. con- 

duc-ere, id. 
CONDUCER, B. One who hires. Y. the r. 
CONDUCTIOUN, s. 1. The act of hiring In general.— 

Lat. condiietio, Id. 2. The hiring of troops. ActsJa. 

CONEYETHE, ». Y, Co.xveth. 
To CONFAB, V. n. To confabuLite, 8. 
CONFAB, ». A confabulation, S. 
CONFECTOURIS, ». pi. Confections.— Fr. confitures, 

"confets; Junkets; all kiod of sweetmeats," Ac, 

CONFECTS, 8. pi. Sweetmeats ; comfits. 
CONFEERIN, part. adj. Consonant, S. D. J?oi9. — 

Lat conferr-e, to compare. 
CONFEIRIN, cory*. Considering. Joum. Lnnd. 
CONFEISED, part. pa. Confused ; the prouuuciatlon 

of the north of S. 
CONFERENCE, CoNrxaasKOX, «. Analogy; agree- 
ment. — L. B. cor{ferent-ia, coUatio, confoederatlo. 

* To CONFESS, V. a. 1. To make a bottle confess, to 
drain it to the last drop, by pouring or dripping, S. 
2. To bring up the contents of the stomach, S. — Both 
senses seem to haye a ludicrous allusion to ghostly 
confession to a priest. 

COKFIHBB, a-U. CtnlSdEmW, t>imtlat.—tr, m- 
roOONFISKR, t>. a, To«D8it»H. Bd/mfcn.— If. 
OONrODKR CoBniKH. adj. CoDforsuUi. Abrrd. 

OMHonicaATioN, i. i 

Batontn Id S. Boiit to 
tOf the nign a( Qdcu 


]» pari g( IhF bml)' of PrntriMDK 

ot firtfpcrly gnaieA i 

cIlBLlagnlbbed ft 

Mdrngtcrm, »iiiiiirMiU)r fon 
tempt of Ibe EWfonun In » 
CONINn, (. Knimirdise ; d 
OOSINUBia,!.^. RabblU 
CONJUNCT FEE, *. A itgb 

Eni. Jfiit. 
CONJUItED, (kV. Uiod Id 

r^GOHK. v. n. TDlmoir. £ 
roOONHiCII, !■. o. l.ToiU 

CUNNEHED, juW. jh. Cunled. ClofiKrl. .«{r.- 

CONNIE, Cunnii, (. Pcrbipipraitiloai. CArsn.f 

P.— 0. Fr- omi*, oeeeiwlM; Fr. cm.™*. 
CONNTSHOKIB, t. A tillT, K«ilp1ii( MDTumtioii 

fbCONQlIACX,Coiciicn,r. a. 1. TniH^qBliM, •tHll 
■ ' wt w -Mlour. Awirlai. a. To tniuli* bj w 
iHl. WalUut. 3. To furImm Willi msDej. fi< 

CONSTANT, a4). JtrMnt i BUlfHL rf(*CW,J?. 

0. ?r. coiut-n' ; ttn ocniin t« MOat, Mi ■ 

d'an Ikll J dc enuUn. ttojacAm. 
CO.VSTBTIIK. Concrn, •. CdikJiuij. f^>r«. 
To CONETITITTK, v. a. To spu u ceeUHulMt' 

To F0H3TITIJB. ■ ■>. Ta MDnllDU: imniUlm 

AcUJa. ri.' 
CONSTHH. ). Al<ri. Bte T. r.asmvt. 
' Ta CONSTRri^ (.a. To arplr IbonlHOI If 

. pEiniKiioiir. Softevr. t. HID- 
■arr dlatljillDE, Ibid. 
n CONTBNT, <- a. ft inilmt ami pay, 1 c ts |«r 

CONTBH. J ainur.wiliei 
To CONTEO, r. a. t. To I 
(I Coniu, |inji. III 

IcDtlj (roCB B. nonl 

coNTiars. mti. coDi 

CONTINlI»aoNK, f. 

~g COtiTIXUB, >. a I. ToAiltJ. ^fnmii. S.Ttt 

pfqr(|n>fi. j4cU Ja. III. 




dfloin the 

■, V. a. 1. To ooimterMt 
of ■. teOole.— Fnn L. B. 

AaHOUSk 94f. 8elf-villed ; opposed to all, 


I, ad^. Contimfj, Fr. BaQUe. 
EL, rnp. In oppositioii to, 8. Pit$eeU{e. 
MM, prtp. Against ; In opposition to ; In 
a«r, to :1m eontmry ; In mar amtrortt afainst 
MHition to ns, Ibid.— Fr. eonlmcrc, against ; 
airt, on the eontxaiy. 

CosTBE, 9.0. To thwart ; to oppoae, 
. — ^Fr. O0fi<rar-ier, id. - 
LE, a. 1. Oppoaition of any kind. IkmgUu. 
thittf eontraiy to one'a feelings or hopes. 
7onUr, 8. B. 
USOI, adj. Perrerse ; of a fnnraid humour, 

M>I7P, «. Opposition ; a repulse in the por- 
anj olijeet, Ayia. — Fr. ctmtre, ><<^>^ ^^^d 

lOKT, ode. Against the hill; opwaids. 
Fr. eoatreaHMit, directly against the stream ; 
en haut, en remontant; oonAra 

BOVXMB, v.o. To be soldecled to. 8yn. 

imemr. AcU Ja. F/.— Lat eoiUraeen-ire, to 

ainst ; like inenrrere, to ran apon. 

iCFK, 9. a. To coatiire ; comtnmtt, part 

m^iat. — Fr. eotUnmver, id. 

WAK, $. A oentiiTer. 

ACED, part. pa. ** Aoensed of eontnmacy.** 

Uinff. Perhaps acted coatamadonsly, or was 

teed contunactoos. — From Fr. oonliiinao-er. 

AX, a^. Contnmadoiia, Lat 

LB, a4/. CooTcoieot ; eligible. Aberd. Rea. 

C, a. A meeting ; a conTenttaa, Aberd. W. 


EL, «. a. To confute ; to set airide.— This 

very forcible, being from laX. eimaeU-ere, to 

;>by the roots. 

ESTB, C^STKAjra, Covimw, a. n. To agree. 

--Jr. conTen-ir ; IaL oonrcnHEre, id. 

lABLB, adj. CoDTenient.— Fr. eoitvcNAUe, 


TXT, adj. Satisfied ; agreeing to ; used as 

rith preoMe. AdU Ja. III.— Jr. oonrenant. 

I, CoasvsTHa, CcirrrH, dnrBTaraa, «. A 
merly paid in 8. to the superior or eccleslas- 
periora. — Apparently from Lat eonviet-^ttt 
tg ordinary food, meat, and drink, Ac., eq>e- 
. intended for those who lired in socie^ ; 
k and rtao. Ancient name of Laurencekirk. 
, f . A Terdict or Judgment finding a person 
aa dd forensic tenn. Aett Mary. — Lat. 

C, Cowmn, CoFwraa, Corm, Cowrsa, 
R. 1. Paction ; conrentlon. Dovglat.— lt. 

id. S. CoodiUoo : state. Barbomr. 8. 
n ; eoaq>iracy. Wfntown.—0. Fr. convine, 
pratique, intrigue. 
»T, V. a. To accomplish any purpose, espe- 

artfal means. Dougltu. 
8. 1. M ode of couTeyance. BaiUie. 2. A 
*0€wu ISA Cent. 8. Prudent or artful ma- 
It. PitseottU. 

.SICK, f. Art ; finesse. SpaldSno. 
', «. The ad of aeeompanying a person part 

of his way homeward, or on a Journey, 8. In modem B. 
the term is restricted to accompaniment for the pur- 
pose of defence. In 8. the more general sense of the 
Fr. tenn is retained, as simply denoting " an accom- 
panying,** Cotgr. 2. The company at a marriage that 
goes to meet the bride, 8. B. 8. A Soots convoy, ac- 
companying one to the door, or, "o'er the dorestane,** 
8. In Aberd. it Is understood as signifying more 
than half way home. 4. A Kd$o convoy. V. Kilso. 
CONWOT, t. Mien ; carriage. Dunbar. 
OOCD, ay. T. Cnna, Cum. 

COODIE, CuDiB, t. 1. A onall tub ; also eude. 

Quiddief Aberd. Bam$ay. 2. A wooden chamber-pot, 

Aberd. Gl. Shirr€/M,—UA. kuttCf tonnuU; Gael. 

eiotadf a tub. 

COOF, Cura, «. 1. A simpleton ; a silly, dasterdly 

fellow, 8. Burnt. 2. A male who interferes witli 

what is properly the department of the female, in 

domestic duties ; a cotquean, Roxb.— 8u. Q. kufw-a^ 

to keep under ; Isl. kneif, one who is cowardly and 


7b COOK, CouK, V. n. I. To appear and disappear bj 

flte. Burnt. 2. To hide one's self. Kennedy. — 

Isl. hvik-a^ moto, qoikat inquieta motatio ; or Germ. 

hude-en^ synon. with fftick-en^ spectare, proepectare. 

To COOKE, V. a. To take a long draught or pull of any 

liquid, (prou. long,) Ettr. For. Obyiously the same 

with Isl. kok-a, also quok-Of d^lutire, from kok, 

quokt 08, sire gula yel fkuces, the month, throat, or 


COOKE, t. A draught, properly applied to liquids, ibid. 

8ynon. Oloek. 
COOKIE, t. A species of fine bread used at tea, of a 
round form, 8.— Teut koeckj libum ; Belg. koekict a 
littie cake. 
COOLIN, t. A sport, transmitted from Tery remote an- 
tiquity; which is still retained in the Hebrides and 
West Highlands of 8. on the last night of the year. 
COOLRIFE, a4J. 1. Cool ; cold, 8. Bott. 2. Indiffer- 
ent, 8. T. CiuLORira. 
COOM, t. 1. The wooden firame used in building the 
arch of a bridge, & Statist. Ace. 2. The lid of a 
coffin, from its being arched, Fife, Roxb. Allied, 
perhaps, to Queme, q. ▼. 
COOM, t. 1. The dust of coals, S. 2. 8maU coal, 8. 
Cvlm^ E. 8. Flakes of soot emanating from the smoke 
of coals in the act of burning, Roxb. If coom hang 
from the bars of a grate like shreds of silk, it is 
Tiewed by the superstitious as foretokening the ar- 
riral of strangers, within twentj-four hours, pro- 
Tided the flakes fall down from the wind produced by 
clapping the hands together. If not, it is said that 
the strangers are not going to light down, i. e., to 
alight, Teriotd. 4. Smiddy Coom, the ashes of a 
blacksmith's furnace, Mearos. — Fr. eeume, dross. 
COOMT, ae^j. Begrimed with the dust of coals, 8. The 

COOMB, t. The bosom of a hill, baring a semi-circu- 
lar form, South of 8. Queen't Wake.—C. B. cioiam, 
yallis, convallis ; A. S. comb, combe, a valley or low 
plain between two hills. 
COOM-GEIL'D, o^;. Having the arched, or sloping 

ceiling of a garret-room, 8. 
To COONJER, V. a. To give a drubbing to, appUed 
either to man or beast ; as, " to coonjer a dog," 
Clydes. Roxb. 
COONJERS, t. pi. A scolding. Ibid. 
COOP, Coup-Caet, t. 1. A cart made close with boards. 



(m|<tlgdaf 1U iHd »ll)lAal BOJOk. 

Fmn Iho 0. U Cimp, u otwlun 

Unfe loiwl rar«uliUnlQ(lli|Ul>la. 
To COQV, V. A, To hoop ; u> blLul « 

bit* £dWt-— TeiA^ l^nipp-fH, Ttnn, i 

OOOf, 1, « null hnp : u, "A cMp 

at duns, IadhIii.— Ucm. feiji/, niu 

i»n>c, •pu. 

I bOOpJL /ilOj 

4 Loctd Qrisip, Imm « evop^f i 

COOBTEN.jofl.jw. Cui. 

• coot, 1. Tbii DniBi )■ drui to Un 

CDljiDibiu Tnlls, Mnrtu. 
COOT... ThDuicle, V. CDTB. 
ni COOTCUEB, >. a. To piiod out. Roib 


COP. COPI. 1. 

k.a. rop; It 

■K, Ac. .ibinl. 

COfM, t, A coCGn; "*aip< 
SlKT., V. C*II. 

L Dtig, ilaii, Blip. (vi«i tUiL a 

(XirUAMIAniX, Conuuuiui. t. CoiHDli(«< 

C0POI7T. " TspIVBpmt,*' 10 drink Dtr all Hulk 

HcupordrlblitiiiTaiii^. C^^v, S- Daue^, 
CUtTXR, 1. A cmp-tcaRr. 1<*Hm ^ ff«i. ~- 

4«iir fnia A. B. ojp. ■ tuti. 

uvpufilllfin of ■ cobMiJ 

til«4i>llT rpakni 
ncia. CUUiicKT 

Odmui, t■^l^ ClfdM.-' 
In« at Intpiat deirn, Owon. 
COUniB, OuUT, I, A nrrn : Conw ean 
a. SurytniH. Tbls Ulii- Uw J-ya( cr Jl 
*cU u iIh humlca crow. ii. la ibi 
i^ TUlpii ud lupmUUsB^ k Mid e( tttl cn»a. — 
n. »rftniB ; IlKl. oiTH . Ul cbtvu, Ld. 

cuaniK-Aira, >. ;ii. a <r«iiM of iiIua mm, <a»- 

mlitunl, iHilwpii, tnoi itidi duk isluai, 8. B. 
CORBIB UEsaENGKR. A be>«ic« aba 4ibn 
ntanu twc al Ul, or loo Um ; i1;iii11d< w flott-* 

COOBIB-OTKPa. Tl.t rtojtcUBDi aT llic asoa 
so Uin lUntlDgptrt nfti^la. raxwbllHi ni^ oC 
ntin, G.— Ii. urbcrw, k ourliell In oiuniit. 

COBBTT, aili. AppwnUi cnnkol. MaMamd-^fl, 
onirM. Id., CMirtiUt. ■ nuiU. snoked. nttur. 

OORDVTLX; 1. Ualhei (taUj Ualskeiicil hi4 UM- 
mcO la Uie iTfiHiiiuluB ; Jnckod loiUi 

CORCIIAT.a. CnlslMi, aunn lu mu 
CORCOLBT.t. A puniK ilr*. SbcU. 
COSCTDUOOit, o^. KlDdlj;«Dod-bai 

CORDALE, t, A wm tonnirlr OHd (• 
■lilp. JJMrd. Rrg.— F[. (VrdnlUi 

dti7 kDclealV woni »]> Udln In S. 

Fr. ccrdfliirta, " tDDIWil uvIil-KvIt* li 



OOADYT, jirtl. v. Agr»d. 
CORDON, I. A buiJ ; ■ iri 
COKIWNIT, iMrt. pa. IV 

plBlWI, ■> 

CORUAWAN, / Bloniili luHi 

B. Ouit. butu G«aM>na. 

M-le»iii«r. 8.— r turn Conlimi. 

i( 1^ miwda ef tt« 

CORE.!. Uiut. rnlnroibdM'B^; tubrMkMiO 
COHK.f. A vmpttj ,\\>taji4 torn : Mm atUtu 

I Com. Id, amtia) : UgMia, Atanl.— 10. Ur, 

T<m. faw, obnnu. 

QRf , 1. V A t«ikci otBl f«r arrrlni «•!• ma tki 

i>1t. Luth. S. Aiicl>DilTiibuk>i.lttii(Hi>ralan»i 
iinmlar<o.— Dcl|. ta^j 

n> oosK, dHB. Ooiu, 

ScrwIcllL WaUaei. 

'. DenoUng looh > p»liloD that ■ hoUa* li> 
im below u o«Jm1, Oslluini;. V.ToMn,Tii#iiii.D4. 
OOSH, mli. 1. Nut ; >dii|i ; m denolUf ■ conrDrl' 
lUe MtulloB, S, ArvwBit. 3. CDisnirlabl* 1 » 
iadiKllDg thi idak af Mcimc tma colil. Ajri. 
notcn. S. qaleli Tllhaal iDUmiiiUaD, ~ 


OOSHLY. oifi. aaudr. a. rsrftum. 
DOSlft,t. A (litw-bukel. Y.CuslI. 
OOSIK. Com, u^f. W 

r. s — III. 1 

COBIBLV. vln Sau|1r : cumForUtilr. 8. Auuaji. 
WSIN'OKAOB, Oamoniiioii, i. 1. A nlition h 

blood : ■ caDilD. BallmlM. 3. A (nnd-diugbtci 

or ■ alMs, Ibid. 
n Ooas. ■, a. To «ch*nj[<. T. Oosi. 

iBt *1iHiii»«l. q. cipcDBH Doi bent. 

Dutr pi,)>b1fl In kind, m dliUD|al)t 
paid Id mane^. Il rr«|iieDUj uxun 
w rvnOAa In Orknej, corrffpondlng w 

COSTAOa, I. BipniH. Alwlu, 

fb OOSTA*. • ■- To OOMI Wfninwn. 

CORTEB, f. A piKC of ■nU* liixt.—Ff 

COTKHAL. I, An •luUa ptKi 
Ibnnj)) (by >in11 U pmciil i 
Hit cnil upcu inct )»h1c« I 

at thin tfM Ino, 

lOUfh Ibc DiUlK. 

(XITIIII^ a4j. Wtna; nivi oamtotuU*. Ptni* 
Srwn. wlUi Oo»'> or tka BBia Hoik «Ub OamVi, 

OOTIUKLV, lA. aBiw1^rU)L AivMI. 
OOTIIKCOtl, w(f, KnOM, **. V, OOMiKB. 
COn.AimKR, I A «an4(« abft boia • ban* hi 


GOTMAtt, I. A esUamr, OaUo**/, 

COIT TAIL ». CoiT-riit 

UDtTAR, Crmn. l Od> who loluhln • 

aUafnk, ts. ' ' 

COTTA&-WABR, t. »I|niliu<t vork iloc 

tie Btttr, S-^AIliod, p4rtu|ih to Ten 

COTTKRIB, t. Appcrentl; pratiilsD h k 

■ ItMloa. AfT, S^tT. /•itm 
COTTOWM, Cono», Cormt-Tomi, *. A •■ 

eoi OB ibe |irii)cl[Bl la 

pOTAn, (. AcDonnL 
tBvenI- Sir Ovnn.- 

'r. omrvff in, Id. i. A 

To be able la do <r 

or ugllKj. He *bo In 
Iff . MixA-W .- T(ijL *<> 

OOCcHEn-a BLOW. i 

[gvril Afn llu iwaiAir 
to neilro Uit lu) blD> 
OOUBTK, a4). ». Pop 
7bCtllIDI.K.(.B. Tnl 
rialDc uil ilnklnc ■ 
Ml-i, ilgaUles to ate, 

COVK, ». A ate. & 
O.A. 111, JV", Id. 

aiVSTTK, 1. 

fv. coireiiER, ipnai) 

Lt itid u b* nwtcd, &— 

1. l^liroou, S. Bu«fr/jr,I, 

couoirr. hHiwiA. Owtd. 
coimiiiT,(. Cov-kmi. j>i 

COVINS, (. VnsI ; vilHn, 

ih( Ami <r dnP 




. like X. eD»0> <• A nigfa»-eap ; In Mat 
il^ S. Appwcntiy Cran B. Orwt, a hood 


0V14B, f . 1. A bey, 8. 8a. G. fenlU, id. 
Applk^ to m man io the huifUfege of oon- 

I. A fault. Omflofnt 8.— Fr. eoulpCj 


porf . p«. Apparently, bartered, for ooapfl. 

NKB, 9. A sea-fowl and bird of pauafe, 
blea. T. Bocaaa. 
NIBBIT, oc^'. Hartng a looff nose. PeriU 

i. A bed fonned of deal* on aU sidei, 
ke front, which is hnng with s curtain, 
"his, I think, is the aame with Aleore-bed, 
Teefm, as denoting the arched form of the 
9om may be allied lo 0. B. cwm, a rounding 

POST, f. A term, In Scotland, tor a 
MSMnger, such as was formeriy sent with 
et ^ the Lords of the OomncU. BoiweU't 

SIR, V. a. To eoi^Jure. Abp. HamHtoum. 
AB, t. A conjurer, ibkl. 
BR, «. a. To intimidate or stiU by threafe- 
lydes, ▼. Coojuuu 

t. Perhaps, motion. Dimior. — fr. 
lo beat, to strike. 

Anaocompt, 8. 
, s. A person learning aridunetie. " A 
Orr," one who is skilful in casting accounts, 

CHECK, CocamoHacK-rLAjra, «. A tool 
Ing out that groore which unites the two 
a window in the middle, S. 
KBCOfJP, o. a. 1. TO erereome ; to sur- 
.yrs. 2. To repulse, ibid. 3. To OTertum, 
To destroy, !Ud. 
TRFACTB, V. n. To counterfeit. AcU 

I, a. The common name for the science of 
c ; as, '* I gat nae mair learning than read- 
ng, and ceuntinfff" 8. 
KIN with onCf to compare one's pedigree 
of another. It is common for one who has 
teen spoken of disrespectfully, in regard to 
»fk, to say cf the person who has done so, 
U kin tn" bim whencrerhe likes,** S.— This 
refers to the genealogical accounts kept of 
especially in feudal times. 
, Ccwsma, t. 1. Bncounter. Jhuolat. 
Bon of an army engaged in battle. Wal- 

9. In the nigfalands of 8. country is used 
a particular district, though rery limited, 

DAKCE. a particular kind of dance, yiewed 
>tsi»h origin, in which a number of couples 
^e rows, and dance a figure from the top to 
n of the room, 8. Boss. 
KEEPIlR, 9. One employed in a particu- 
rt to apprehend delinquents, 8. TaUs of 

SIDE, t. The common term with the tuI- 
, for a dJ Jtrict or tract of countiy. Anti- 

Leg. CS19, i. e^ cap or bowl. Hoffg. 

To 0OT7P, Cowp, V. a. 1. To exchange, to baiter, 8. 
A. Bor. 2. To expose to sale, Boxb. 8. To buy and 
sell ; to tiafflo ; commonly used in this sense, Abeid., 
but only of an inferior kind of trade. — 8a. Q, toefHi, 
id.; Isl. fcttwp-a, Tendere. 

COUP, 9. 1. Exchange, 8. MaUland Poem. 2. A 
good bargain ; any thing purctiased below its Just 
Talue ; used ironically, as, *' ye'll get a cowp o* him." 

01. Sum. Jforoy.— 8w. koep^ purchase, baigain. 3. 
A company of people. The term is used nther in 
contempt ; as, " I nerer saw sicafllthy, ill-numner'd 
eowp," Fife. 4. The AaiU coup, the whole of any 
thing, 8. 

To COUP, Cowp, v. o. To orertum ; to orerset ; to 

tilt, as a cart, 8. Kmox. 
2V» COUP, V. «. 1. To be orentet; to tumble, 8. 

Jfiae's Tkrtnodie. 2. Used metaph. as signifying to 

Ikil in business ; to become bankrupt, 8. Train. — 

8w. ffvpp-a^ to tilt up. 
COUP, Cowp, 9. 1. A fall, 8. Couppis, 8. B. Lyndaay. 

2. A sodden break in the stratum of cools, 8. Statist. 
Aoc. E. FattU. 

To COUP otvre, v. a. To orertum. This idiom is 
rery common, 8. Jae. Rdica. 

To COUP owre, «. n. 1. To be orerset, 8. 2. To fall 
asleep ; a phrase often used by the vulgar, espe- 
cially in relation to one's folliDg asleep in a sitting 
posture, 8. 3. A vulgar phrase applied to a woman, 
when confined in childbed. The prep, is someUmcH 
prefixed ; as, 8k^9 just at the &er-coupin\ 8. ; i. e., 
She is very near the time of childbirth. 

To COUP CARLS, to tumble heels over head, (synon. 
to Coup the Creds,) Ckdloway. — Allied, perhaps, to 
Gael, eat'ri-eam, to tumble, to toss, oatrt, tumbled. 

To COUPTIIE CRAN8. 1. To be overturned, 8. Bob 
Boy. 2. It is also occasionaily used to denote the 
misconduct of a female, 8. 

To COUP THE CREELS. 1. To tumble heels over 
head, 8. Bob Boy. 2. To bring forth an illegitimato 
child, Roxb. To cast a lagen-gird, synon., 8. 3. To 
die, Roxb. 

COUP.TUE-LADLE, 9. The play of see-saw, Aberd. 

COUP-CART, Cowp-OAftT, 9. V. Coop. 

COUPAB. A town in Angus referred to in a com- 
mon 8. prorerfo, " He that will to Coupar maun Ui 
Ompar.** The idea is, that when the will is obbtin- 
ately set on any course, it is an indication of neces- 
sity, and is sometimes to be viewed as a symptom of 

* COUPE- J ARRET, 9. One who hamstrini^s another. 
TTarerZcy. — Fr. coupa^ Ujarret^ to hough, to cut the 

COUPEN, 9. A fragment. V. Cowpon. 

COUPER, Copxa, 9, 1. A dealer; as, Aor«e-coiiper, 
eouf-couper. Chalmer. Air. Cope-man occurs in 
0. E. in thesenseof purchaser, chafferer, or clUijTman 
in modem language. 2. One who makes merchand- 
ise of souls. Butker/ord. 

COUPER- WORD, 9. The first word In demanding boot 
in s bai^rain ; especially applied to horse dealers, 
Roxb. Prom oovper, a dealer. 

COUP-HUNDED, a4j. Unexpl. Applied to a horse. 

COU PIT, part. pa. Confined to bed from Illness of any 
kind, Loth. Roxb. 

COUPLE, CuppiL, 9. A rafter, 8. ITyntown.— C. B. 
kupui ty, id. 

COUPLE-YILL, KiPPLB-TiLL, 9. A potation given 
to houae<arpenters at putting up the couple9, or 
rafters, on a new house, Teviotd. 







fi COWBLE, V. ». To ihosr ; as, •' The Ice Is a' 

awUin," Koxb. — This differb 0DI7 In pronunciation 

frcm Coftl'f q. T. 
CTiW-CAKES. «. pr. Wild parmip, Boxb. Loth.— The 

HendenB vphondyliom of Linn, is called the Cow 

parsip. But ibU aecms lalher to be the Pastinaca 

COW-CARLs t. A bugbear ; one who intimidates 

ocbers. Dumfr. 
r0W-C&AIK« s. A mist with an easterly wind ; as, 

"The cai€-<raik debtroys a* the fruit," Lanarks. 

Syn. Haae, Meams. Aberd. 
COWCLTNK, «. Ahariot. ZymfMy — Perhsp^ from 

mv. and cliafc, money; q. ono who prunes the purse. 
OOW-CLOOS, f. pf. Common trefoil, S. D. Trifolimn 

pratense, Linn. 
To COWD. V. fi. 1. To float slowly, with the motion 

affected a litUe by slight waves ; as, " The boat 

CBwdM finely awa," Upp. Clydes. 2. It is also expl 

to ^wim. lb. 
COWD. *. >. " h short and plroAont sail,** ibid. 2. 

" A single gentle rocking, or motion, produced by a 

wave.'^ibid. 3. The act of swimming, ibid. 
COWDA, f. A small cow, Roxb. CVhx^iV, Domfr. 

" Cbv(/y. a little cow. a Scotch runt without horns. 

Ktrth .-** GL Orose. Y. CowDACn. 
COWDACH, f. A heifer. Cuddodi, Ciilloway : exiil. 

" a bip stirk ; a little nolt b«ast."~Thii» seems formed 

fnn ^KOjraeA by the insertion of the letter d, air 

pkemiat cawia. V. Ccddoch and Qcet. 
OWBAS, «. jA. Heifers : pi. of CtfyBdach. 
OOWDER. M. *' A boat that sails pleasantly," Clydes. 

Ibid. — no«t probably a G. B. wonl. tran.<(mitted from 

tte Welsh Inhabitants of Clydeulale ; ciryd-ato, U 

aclr. more, or agitate. 
r? COWDLE. r. n. A dimlnutire from Onod, " ex- 

prufiTe of rather more motion produced by the 

««r«9." Clydes.. ibid. 
COWDOTEI E, f. Some k ind of pestilence. 
COWIiRrM. ». 1. A beating : as, " Ye'Il get cnwdrum 

for that ;" yon will get a beating, Meams. 2. Severe 

rtpreh^nsion, ibid. — Perhaps from Teut. ktiddi', 

clkTA. aad drmmn-rr, premere. 
Ts COWER, CowTB, Cora, Cowe. v. a. To recover 

Barbimr. — Abbrev. from Fr. recouvrir, 
COVER] SO. s. Recorery. Barbmtr. 
COW.FEEDER, $. A dairyman who sells milk ; one 

«bo k'i*p» cwwik Jefdinif them for their milk in the 

■can time, and to be sold when this fails, S. JI. 

OOWFYNE, *. A ludicrous term. Enrgnen. 
COW-FISH. «. The Mactra lutraria. Mya arenaria, or 

■ay other ]arg« oral thell-fibh. Orkney. 
(TiW-O RASa, f. A species of clover. 
OjW- HEAVE «. The herb Tussilago. SUrlk irks. Per- 

Laps originally eo«o-A<K>/, from a soppoM.'d reoem- 

bUnr* to the lor/'of a cme. 
COWHrBBY, 9. A cow-ht-nl. Evfrgrem — Belg. toe, 

a rrm, %Dd AoA6~n», to toil ; q. a cow-herd. 
COWIE, 9. The name given to the seal in the Firth of 

Tay. from its round cntpfd head, without any appa- 

ivat CATS, and as resembling an animal tliat lias no 

fOWIE. r. A cnw wanting horns. Y. Cow, r. 

OOVIE, ad9. Very ; as cowie weel^ very well, La- 
nark 1. 

f^WIE. adj. Odd ; queer, Lanaiks. 

OOW-ILL. r. Any disease to whicbaesiDis subject, 

COWIN', i. An alarm : a fright, 8. From tlie v. cmo. 
to depress. St. Patrick, 

GOWINS, pi. Apparently what is covxfd^ cut or 
broken off, Renfr. A. Wil^m. 

COWIT, part pa. 1. Closely cut. 2. Having short 
and thin hair. Y. Cow, r. 

To COWK; KouK, v. n. To retch Ineffectually, in con- 
sequence of nausea, S. D.— Germ. Jboc/i-cn, id. ; Ihl. 
Icuok-a, gula niti. 

COWKIN, f. A beggar ; a ncetly wretch. Dunbar.— 
Fr. eogutft, id. 

COW-LADY-STONE. A kind of quarts, Roxb V 


COWLICK, f. A tuft of hair on the h« a 1, which can- 
not be made to lie in the same direction with the 
rest of the hair, S. — From its resemblance to hair 
licktd by a coro. 

COWLIE, t. A man who picks up a girl on the street, 
is called her C&wli^t Edin. Most piobal>ly a corr. 
pronunciation of £. cully. 

COWMACK, f . An herb supposed to have great virtue 
in making the cow desire Uie male, S. B. 

COWMAN, «. A name for the devil. S. V. Cow, *. 

COWNTIR, f. Rencounter. Wallace. 

COWNTYR PALYS9, Contrary to. WaUacf.—Vr. 
eontrepcU^, a term in heraldry, ^gnifying tluil oik> 
pal< is opimsed to anotlier. 

COWOID, prt:t. Ojnvoyed. Ix-g. conwoid. Barbour. 

COWPAR; f. A horsc-ilcnlcr, 8. 

COWPENDOCH, CowrwiDOW, s. A young cow. V. 


C0WPE3, Cowns, s. jrf. Baskets for cntrhinp fish. S. 
Act* Ja, J II. A. Bor. coop, id.— Teut kuyj^, 

X»WPKR-JUSTICE. Trying a roan after exorution ; 
the same with Jcddart^ or Jedburgh Jwtice, &. 

COW-PLAT, 9. Cow*s dung dropi>ed by the animal in 
the field, Clydes. Roxb. Synon. Flat. — Perhaps 
from Teut. j^at, planus, because uf its flat form. 

COW* PON, s. 1. A fragment, a shreil, ?. B. Bnwe. 
2. In pf. shatters, shivers; pron. O/ojn'n*, Alwnl. — 
Fr. cmtpon, L. B. copo, a piece cut off from a thing. 

COW-QUAKE, f. 1. An afThction of CAttli'. cau-;e<l by 
the chillnnss of tlie weather, S. Krlly. 2. Tlu» 
name is transferred, on the Kist coast of Liotli., to tUu 
cold easterly wind in May, which produces thediisoasi;. 
The disease it'telf is also culled Wasting ; as, In 
consequence of it, tiie skin apparently adlieroi to the 
ribs, Roxb. 3. A very cold day in buniincr. C!y»l«.\s. 

COW'S BACKRIX. Cow's dung dropjKil in the llelds, 
Galloway. Synon. Pwlick^ Dumfr. — A. S. 6nc, tor- 
gum, and ryn«j profluvium ; q. what ih ejected from 

COW'S BAND. It was an ancient custom in Dimifr. 
and Calloway, and perhaps in other counticH in S., 
that when a man borrowed monry he gave the cmv'it 
baiul in ple<lge ; which was rv.-ckunefl as I'r^al an 
obligation as a bill. 

COWaCHOT, «. A ring<love. V. Kow.sttot. 

COW-SHARN, «. Cow's dung. V. Sjiakx. 

COWSHOT, s. The name given to certain kind-? of 
mar], of a gray or brown colour. 

COWSLEM, f. An ancient name given to the evening 
Ktar, Roxb. 

COWSMOUTII, $. The vulgar name for the cowslip. 
or Primula, Leth. 

COW'S THinklB. •* Ye're no a coio'i thumb frai't." a 
phrase used to denote that one hun hit on Uie proper 

fUnof dDint (Bj thlnit. UutlC 


soiufa <>( B. m B bhl I 

grsuwl. IlliklHuM 

.rvnt, tat. Appitentlj 


n> OOZAIN, ■. a, Tb bornr (r i«luiij(a one Man 
tor lagUiar, Oiko. Thia ii etIdEallii fnxB Itic wse 
UBIts nth Can, Lolh.. id. V. Oml 
OOZr. a4j. Oaat. V. Cuit. 
To CBAU, Cum, ■. n. T^ tnk £«<iniUyn< ^mu. 

— BdIi. kUKMt, Sa. O. toijwib, moroius. 
To CKAB, B. a. To ImtuCn ; In piuvoke, Lirwlny. — 
:ut. troM-flt, IkHrttE uBgnlhoi. 
MK.I, A hlsw producing Btlurp KlUiil, S. Sp* 

tmmtillitulr. 9. JtaMay. — 


. Xymlmr.— D«!g. 

CIUCKEB.1. Thalubufavklp, AbcTd. 
(TIUOSBHS. •. T. QLiTm BixH. Abent. 
CRACKNUIUDS. (. |>l, nianMti 
Alfa utriiu. »M*B bx yoom p«T>l(i, Ann- 

'■rwk, and Drjitl. q 


CBADILL, "AsEmuliU at KliLu,-k teiMct, ■ 
of itliu^ >p[«MDU)r tnuUiEfoca. A6ira. t 
CRADLKBIMLAr. 1. Tta> bum dna U On 

«a« U) A crottte. 8, 


,8. Agr. Smrv. Put. 
CKArriSCHILDBK, 1. ft. Wa 

jtAird. ««, r. Cmuiu. 
CRAU, Cuoh Ctuo, t. 1. Tha e 

S, a. ttu Umax. 8. frtiiti 



ckdaik : ( uKvU, &— a<r. 
M<ft,(. AmodifllBtiWr. arbuk. ^i* 

P«rba|<k iillus dlTCr— OuL viadk itr 

1, eUj Bal Hc CauTB. 

A net, «. «aia.i|[.-C • fcMh Swl 


OBAIQBD, ni^'. lUTUig a D«t « Um*!. 

CBAIQ-FLODK, I. A t|xla X flMuulri. 

CHAIOHU.IO, A|j. CiicI(Ii1b(. J 




ft CRAIZE, «. n. 1. To CTMk, Clydes., Roxb. 2. 
Om ift Mid to eraiae, who, when sitting on ft chair, 
Bovct i( httokvards and fonrards, with the wh(d« 
vc^t OB the hinder feet oT It^ iUd.— Ital. erofc-iore, 
to Bike a crcaklBfc noise. 
CRAIZXX, M. The aet of creaking^ lUd. 
U CKAK. ▼. Cback. v. «. 
CRAKKR, ». The Bail, or Corm-eraik. Balloi «rex, 

Una. Mtaiiu'M Wetiem Jae$, 
CKAKTKO, «. The damonr ct a fowl, S. TTsfiUotm. 
CKAKTS, «. fit. Great guns ; cannons. Bartomr.-^ 

Frbs the noise they malce when flred ' or, Teut. 

liaiiii. aieokmlisla. 
• CEAKLENE POKIS. Bags for holding artinclal flre- 
I woiki. Omtflafni S.—Jr. craquer, to crackle. 
CRAXE. C«AanT. T. Caaisi. Cbbambbt. 
CEAJtESTE. CaAMVBST, f . Cloth of crimson, a grain 

CDtoar. Awtflot. — Fr. cramoifi, id. 
CEAMMASY, adj. Of or belonging to crimson ; in- 

fiained. Javrntoruw. 
r* CBAMP, «. n. To oontiacL ffcMrytone.— Tent. 

l n j e sy <m, 9m. trfmp-a, contiahl. 
CEAMPET, Ca«MP-BiT, 9. 1. A cnunping-iron, 8. 

3. An iron with small pikes for keeping the foot firm 

•a ifce. 8. Onume. 3- The guard of the handle 

of a swofd. Wolnm^t CM. 4. The cmmp-iron of 

a seabterd. MmvnUoritt. 6. An iron spike driven 

ints a wall for supporting anj thing, Aberd. 6. The 

iwa goaad at the end of a staff, 8. — Gael, enmpaid, 

CEAVPLA!n). porf. jr., Cmiing. Eaanaf yiw P.— Sw. 

ftn«frf<iVi contractus. 
CEA5, f. An iron instrument, laid across the fire for 

sapporting a pot or kettle. — Denominated from its 

raemblanee to a craiM. 
rKA3f, s. lb Camp tiW Ctomm ;• to be overset. Y. Corp, 

t a. 
fKAKCE, s. Probably scmie staff made of hair.— 

Teat Aranli^ O. Fr. cmns, balr. 
CftA5CE« s. A crark or chink in the wall through 

vkich the wind blows, Fife.— Fr. crm, denotes a 
I breach ordeft. 
OLASCE, M. A chaplet TFotem't CoU. — Tent 

irviitv, corona. 
I nU.NCn, s. A crush ; the act of crushing, Ettr. For. 

rrmuiL. li ¥. Cbixcb. 
T" CEANCn. V. a. To crash ; to grind with the teetli. 

T. C«isca and CamcB, Bozb. 

■ CEA3(E, s. A kind of ballsta or cstapult, used for 
I Cachaiglog large stones, in ancient warfare.— Cotgr. 
I BestaoBS Fr. eraaegvte as ** an engine for batlerie, 

Bsed io old time.*' 

■ CEAKE (of herrings), t. As many firesh herrings as 
211 a barrel. & Statist J re. 

CEASOLINO, f>arf. pr. Winding Hadnrn.— Teut 

kramdM-en. intorqo«'D>, slnuare. 
CEAXT-WAKT, r. "The UtUe finger," Abeid. 01. 

I *CEANK. f. An iron attached to the feet in curling, 
i to pterenl sliding on the ice, Roxb. Synon. Crampet. 
Ti CEAN'K, r. a. To shaclcle ; to apply theAo6- or 
I k^m-Aackle to a hone, Ettr. For. 
; CEANK, a<;. 1. Infinn ; weak. A. Bor. "eraalry, 

siUi^ MTkly/* Grose. 2. Hfird, difficult; as, "a 

crcpOrwoRt^a word hard to be understood, Aberd. 

Xtams, Boxb 3. Crooked, distorted, Aberd. Meanu ; 

a* cnmk^ndtd, a crank Aond.— Tent. IroiU;, id. 



CRANK, f. 1. The noise of an ungreased whee], S. 2. 

Used metaph. to denote inliannoniouii jioetxy. Burnt. 
CRANKOUS, adj. Fretful ; captiooit, S. Burms.— 

Gael, erionoon, strife. 
CRANNACn, f. Pottage, Ang. Abenl. 

* CRANNIE, f. A square or oblong aperture in the 
wall (rf a house, Galloway. Synon. Bool. 

CRANREUCII. CBAiNaocii, Ca^iraRroH, CBANDarcH, 
9. Hoar frost, 8. 0. Burm. Agr. Surv. Peeh.^ 
Gael, crannrorocfc. id. 

CRANBOCniE, Cricnbocrib, clj. Rimy ; abounding 
with hoar-firost, 8. 0. 

CRAN8HACU, CbjlXSHIk, i. A distorted person, 8 
B. liott. — Gael, eranmia, decrcpid. 

CRANTZE, f. . The Common Coralline Millepora 
polymorpha, Tjinn. 8hetl. 

CRAP, f . 1. The highest part or top of any thing, S. 
Cropt E. Baitk crap and root, literally, top and 
bottom ; metaph. beginning and oud, 8. 2. The 
cone of a fir-tree, 8. B.— A. 8. croppa^ Su. Q. Jcroppoj 

CRAP, f. The produce of the ground, 8. Ramsay. 

CRAP, t. 1. The craw of a fowl. C'-op, E. Used 
ludicrously for the stomach of man. Crapine, id., 8. 
Bamsay. 2. The proverbial phrase, "That will 
nereroraw in your crap^" 8., means that a pcrnoa 
shall never taste of tsome kind of food referred to. 
The alluAion is to the crowing or solf-gratulating 
sound that a fowl makes when its stomach is filled. 
3. Used metaph. as to painful reminiiicence ,* as, 
•* Thatll croio in your crap" that will be recollectt-d 
to your discredit, 8. B. 4. It is metaph. used, like 
E. ttomacK to expresM resentment. It stuck in my 
erap ; I could not digest it, 8.— Teut. krop, ingluvi^h, 

To CBAP, V. a. To fill ; to stuff, 8. — Teut. kropp-cn^ 
snginare, tunindis farcire. 

To CRAP, e. a. To crop ; to lop, 8. Fcr(n«*on.— Teut 
Xropp-en, a<>8ciii(lcre. 

CRAP and ROOT. adv. 1. "Wholly, entirely;" 01. 
RoBH, 8. B. 2. Metaph. boUi l)cgiuning and end. S. 

CRAP, f. The quantity of grain put at one time ou %, 
kiln, to be dried, Aberd. 

CRAP, jiref. v. Did creep ; crept 8. 

CRAPIN, Cbapixr, Cbappin, i. The maw oi Htmnnch 
of a fowl, 8. CVop, £., tlic craw of a bird i:?)'Dou. 
Crap, lloffff' 

CRAPPIT HEADS. A compound made of oatmciil, 
suet onions, and pepper, with which the he»(li< of 
haddocks are stuffed, 8. Guy Mannfring. Syn. 
StappU hecuis. — Bclg. jtropp-en, to cram. 

CRAPS, s, pi. 1. The seed-pods of Runchcs or wild 
mu.stard, Roxb. 2. Runches in gen<.>ral. 

CRAT, adj. Feeble, puny. A.««, a crat stammod:, np- 
jilied to one who haft no sp)>otite, Strilcirks. 

CRAT, s. He's a perfect crat ; i. e. a weak child, hut 
still imm<!<liateiy referring to the fitomach.— I.-I. 
kratOa, mollities, kregda, infans morbidiLs vel tmi'l- 
lus, Haldonwn ; kregd^ parra statura, Vurel. IVr- 
haps we may view Crat as nearly akin to Crttot, i\. v. 

CRAUCH. To cry crauch^ to ackuowlodge ono'it self 
vanquished. Dunltar. — Ann. crarq, h l>ast-inl. 

CRAUCHMET, (gutt.) s. An exaction made by men 
in a state of war. JIS. Chnm. 

• To CRAVE, V. a. 1. To demand a debt importun- 
ately ; to dun. 8. 2. To dun a debtor ; " I crav'd 
him whenever I met him," 8. 

CRAUG, f. 1. The neck, Teviotd. The same with 
Crag. Cratg^ q ▼. 2. The weasand, ib. 






-TofBl; w. 

=nH; Ihe _i 


« t. W Omtp, 1 

B. ThscrOB 



r«k JD B. 1 1 

■lul veckll Uii 

«(,.*..,. 11.= 


1 To 


eoii:r iiiodiDg Is 

C&&W-DIJISE, t. FrlDEal foci 
IW-MILL, I. A lntEC inlUe forftiebleDliii 
(■TBI, SJnon. OnnKToi*. 
CBAWS. Vau wy mi™/ Wm' 
TtfoL IrroviHyK, the i1lii)ihniKiD- 
CUAHB-OOL'UTi (- * '"■ft «' Ju^nen 

on « imrtLculv 
■plworlo be eon 

iba dipuilit b**g UTlTod, ■ 


ttiTj ixnecuii iDd but iidUI lb«T kiU 

^■ZaU.ll.aM.— I>L 

till) cDnur or tbB «th, 

IB lira, or btn b»ii In dnllnlMbe 

ii Ibne qilVoik lui 

CRBAM, Cmim. Oui, i. 

U. A puck of pmj' ^ 

CIUEaNEK, Ounu, i. 

, Ts bairt ««<]>. S. D, 

raORKKPTKiKK. Tnshnak. tynf^m*!.! 


ClUEKrV, <!uu-i«,4. l.AIwi 
In ■ [julpit tat cliniiat Uii ipalift. 8. ■. lat 
itwl M ropcaUuM, OB whicb eulpnu f»miH^ M 
whui making pgMi« ailifaviInD In (b> (baRh, 

to; tar In L^podluia clittiHUBi." V, Unuain Bn 
COEKSK. Cuiui, I. Cntia, JbA 
CBEianUKU, (. Couthlag. Ajn.—T*»l. trfa^tf a^ 

CRKm CiHL. f. 1. Ad aUtr hutft ft. if— a 
(■•It P. K. PannUmanalMMlMrrnZf. M^. 
L. ballf. uk uuMHT Mb: 

i. Orua iiipllnl K 

(Icia, tmu-fla, eilipin. 
noUHKIBOll.* 0- 1. TacmiH. 8. JCti^i. 
tH|Jb. ippllol In tilt HIT ii( mrmri. S- rw H a 

t, booth, S— Su. I 

CalAHUtK, CkuiiT, 




Ike iov plumae, / fae him a ffuds creiAin, I g»TO 
him a ■oaod batting. S. 
CEETST, f . One vho is both dimlnatire and loqoa- 
cioQSf Bolder. — Teat kroa-tn, te cootract; Dan. 
lenuter, a almiileton. 
I CUETT, «. A apcdes ef the Polypody Fern, Danbai^ 
CRUTCH, «. A tena borroired from the 0«nn. or 
Bd{^ to denote a circle or diitrict. Ji<mro't Sxped. 
— Qenn. fcr«ic Belg kreytg, a drde, a ciicuit. 
CEIPAKI9, «. pL Orapneb of iron, 8. Creepers, 

CUPINALL^ t. Perhaps, knare. 
i CIESIBf s. A kind of cap worn by iromen Also called 

a Sfmimliej Upp. Clydes. 
CUS^PIB, t. A cmaU whale. Apparently the aune 

with that eommonly called the GroMpw.— Oar. from 

L. B. crofpteif . 
CBETIsn.A. Acnyfldu SaOlie. 
CRIWia. pres. «. Pezfaapi, crares. BouImU, — A. S. 

a^f •4am, id. 

n CKT, V. A. To proclaim the bans of marriage, 8. 
r* CKT, V. «. To be in Ubonr, 8. 
. r* CRIACTK, V. n. To crow, Bochan. T. the 
I letter W. 

CUB, s. 8ynon. with a hidure^knm; as, "Haste 

ye, and fi'e me ma [my] crA, guidwife," Roxb.— 

Peihapa from IsU knttbOf ampulla, a flask or ressel 

with (woears. 
CBIB, s. The name oi the reel foi winding yam, 

CUBBIB, 9. Atenn used by women in Boxb., Ac., in 
reding yam, as ezpreisiTe of the qusntity reeled ; 
At crMie, twa cribbie, A cribbic Is as mach yarn as 
giMS half round the reel. — I«l. kryppa, signifies a 
vfakding. V. Pcf. 

ClICKB, §. Mort probably an old word for a louse. 

CUCKET, «. This term is applied to the grasshopper, 
Bosh. Loth.— Tent, krekk^ id., from krek-en, to 
■ake a noise. Germ. ketuAredet, id., seems to 
daim a different origin ; Afu, hay, and aArick-ent to 
kap, like the E. term, alao the Fr. sewtereoti ; q. a 

CUCKLBT, s. The smallest of a litter ; the weakest 
Uid of the nest, Ayrs. Syn. WaUydrag, Wrig, 
CVsot— Isl. krfklctt^, sigoifles distorted; but per- 
hafm rather allied to Belg. IrdkeZ, a cricket. Y. 

CUn> FATR. A fair or market, the place and time 
of which are jntxlaimed some time before. Where 
a erewd is assembled, and in a state of motion, it is 
cqmD«n to say, ** It's like a cried fair^** 8. Ayrs, 

CBYING, s. Childbirth ; Inlying, &, GaUoway. Ayrs. 

CBTIN' HLLER. The fee paid to the parish clerk 

Sor poMishing the bans, 8. 
CUKE, f . A unall reptile that sometimes Infests the 

baman body ; apparently a species of tick, Galloway. 

It is, boweTer, defined to me, "a chirping insect.** — 

Bclf . JbridKe, a cricket ; So. G. kraekf reptile. V. 

CKTEE3, «. pi. Angles. Barbcur.—X, 8. ereoco, a 

CWLE, Cetlk, «. 1. A dwarf, 8. A. Hogg. 2. A 

ch:M or beast that is unthriren, Bozb. Y. CaoiL, 

CBTLT. porf . pa. Unthriven ; stunted, ib. 
CUHINALSkf.jrf. Criminal causes. 

To CRIMP, V. a. To plait nicely, 8.— Sw. krymp-Oj 

to shrink. 
CRIMPS, a4j. Scarce; scrimp. 
CRIMPING-PIN, f. An instrument for pinching or 

puckering the border of a lady's cap. Loth.— Teut. 

krimp-euj contrahere. 
To CRINCH, CacvcH, v. a. 1. To grind with the 

teeth. 2. To masticate what is hard, as biscuit ; or 

rank, as unboiled vegetables ; including the idea of 

the sound made, 8. Gait. 3. Te crinch the teethj 

to gnash. Fr. grinc-er Its dents, id, 
CRINCn, s. A veiy small bit of anything, S. 
To CRINE, Cbtrb, v. n. 1. To shTirel, 8. Evergreen. 

2. To diminish money by clipping it Douglas. — Ir, 

Jtrt'on-om, to wither. 
CRINKIE-WINKIE, r. A contenUon, 8. B.— Sn. G. 

kraenkOf to be vexed. 
CRYP, CftAiP. Apparently used for what is now called 

Cfrape, Aberd. Reg. 
CRIPPLE-JUSTICE, «. A designation contemptuously 

given to one who Is lame, and, at the same time, 

proud of his personal appearance, Clydcs. 
CRIPPLE-ME.V, s. pi. Oatrcakes toasted before the 

fire, Fife. Probably denominated from the crooked 

shape thfcy often Assume from being set on edge 

while toasting. 
CRISE, f. Crisis. Wodrow. Y. Cbxesb. 
To CRISP, V. n. A term used to denote the crackling 

sound made by the ground under one's feet, when 

there is a slight frost, Roxb. 
CRISP, CaiSPB, s. Cobweb iawn Burd.—Tr. crtfpe, 

CRY8TE, s. Perhaps, crest 
CMSTIE, CaiSTT, adj. Perhaps, curled. Acts Jo. 

//.- Dan. kruset, id. 
CRIY, s. Corr. from E. crib, as denoting either the 

rack, or an ox's stall, Bnchan. 
CRO, Cbot, f. The satisfaction made for the slaughter 

of any nun, according to his rank. Reg. Maj. — 

Gael, cro, cows, the reparation being made in cattle ; 

or Ir. cro, death. 
To CROAGH (gutt.), «. a. To strangle, Fife.— Teut. 

kroes/k-en, Jugulare. 
To CROCE, V. a. To go across. Acts Cha. I. 
CROCE, CaoTK, s. One of the sails in a rihip. Douglas. 

— 8w. kryss-top, the mizxen-top. 
CROCHE. CaocHKBT. Y. Uigbct. 
CROCHIT, part. pa. ** Covered." Gavoan and Gol. 
CROCK, Cbock Ewx. An old ewe that has given 

over bearing, 8. The same with Crok, q. v. Blackw. 

CROCK ATS, s. pi. To put out, or set up one's crockats, 

a phrase applied to a young person, or to one who 

is an inferior, when showing ill-humour, or giving 

an indiscreet answer ; as, " Wilt thou dare to set up 

thy crodi^tf to me f " Renfr. The ornameiital knobs 

on turrets or minarets, in a building after the Gothic 

order, are denominated crockats. 
CROCKIE, s. A low stool for children, Ang. Synon. 

with Creepy. 
CROCKONITION, «. Anything bruised to pieces. 

CROFTER, s. Y. Ciuptxr. 
CROFTING, «. 1. The state of being successively 

cropped, 8. Maxwell's Sd. Trans. 2. Tmusferreil 

to the land itself which is cropped in this way, ibid. 
CROFT-LAND, s. Land of superior quality, which was 

still cropped, 8. Statist. Ace. 
CROGAN, s. A term used in the West Ilighlands, to 


iBfmUk. Oan-dlHii. 

I unhcD TtHel, ii[ri<°*'>'™>ilUw«i»i«,croekn-ii, 
10 Bake pntltrr i " tUd. 
Onor, 1. 1. Aa FBdoiBra, van cammaalj ntUKl. 
tu cBtshlDgflih, Aa. JiHlic. a. A loiial fuU. of 

. mound, gr kind af qwf , pi^JvctiDg 
th« purpose of breaUng tba force of 

; iftiantlDf Lha vUveDt gramuT f mm 
FerUu. Pethftpt a corr, from Cnuie. 

tll( Hill, Alttflt 


OttOV CUrCHT. CloUi ot Cray, ■ una in Fi 

Tb OBOIOilLtL CuiiBBLi, (ault.) TolwTca 
di^coqfb, Ugip. lAUrki. Koolnirs. rannaki 
CKOICHLIES. t. ]>l, A lUniK aBecIinr CHo legs of 

herbingeannl,— TcBI. kngd, Uerm. Jowu, ! 

rt dT7 coufti, Renfr,, 

CKOUa CwiiL, I. A diUoiled pawn ; ■ dnif. Pel- 
Wrf,— TeOC Ibrtxl, pomlliu. 

To OROTN, Ciian, Cinxi. e. n. 1. TU Frr u a buU 
dMi, Id • low (Dd boUnw lone. 8. tlaitlaad Furni. 

» ot nodi: ; u lurtiadil ohuit. S. 
Inn 01 ihe Bunei sinn, m ilic rirth 
ot lorlta, to (tao Onj Oiinunl. JViiU'i LM /,/ 

To pneip ; to talk ■ gml deal 

r« UlUtlBB. 
ia«m lilUe, B. B, mAi 
Id ibi nanltaii ooonilt 
Jkrwn. «ou In letMt dT 


Uon, till It «inl thniigb UievlialenilH or 1000117, 
-OhI, tretilara 1 pcrtiapi fnni «f(, a chui. amt 
FTn, ■ naiuiuti. V, Tt»Cko(». 
CtUiK. •. A •Inrf. An|. — So. O. (*■•», antnil 


16 CBO 

CKOHACB. t. A dlifa ; • UmcnlUlDB (or Iho d< 

CBa»aOIIl£, t. ADonuTdfritniUoa rmne 11 

CE0SACSI.1, pari. pr. li'.BlplDe to a UltUnf ■ 

B.— Peitipi tmn CtmnMi, 4. >. 
CRONDB,!. 1j«. cmkbL, B Sddlf . JI«.!<Ui. 

ra^, Bochaa^ 

CHOO, », " 1. J 

.—0- B. crais, and Armor, rnni, deoeti » iV i 

CltOOBA0Ka.j.jiI. AKirlat)Aifii1CHbatD*tfbMM^ 

pean, *c.— liLJtar/, abuXavlbapHv 

CaocTDU, « 

a. I« pan 

M»'fl. A, To ktDM a 
t V- CnmJt w eoo^ pro- 

Sir. knk-ia. id. 

CftOOfCi. AhalLB. AiU»:f«r<. 

CROUB, Oani. Cum. I. "Thelng «Ula. wliktu 
•ppmpTlaM hosti, bx wblcll Uw tasieli tat n«i>rin 
■re hnniarsr ilw 1)n,"& Ol. Sim. ti^lrm. "*• 
Maek'i Ihi era*,- ■ phiua appliM to Wf lUlil 
thai U T1117 hliet, 8.-i-u. O. Itnt, U. ImW', Baa. 

n CBDOK, BO. Tu If 

ttflmB tarai nnknmn 
r<i CROOK A fuou. U 
lU^blettkiBd; u, "Hi 

. Tbli I 

I nw Uic 1 

ru CROOK A BoCOB. 1. To 

B, Kbh. 2. To head lbs kDM-jobit U nOl *» 
uiitiaD, B. Walluft rattaan. 
Ta CROOK inWi Moo', 1. Tu brine Ik* l>»* MMlHt, 
waftDboablgUnrtlculslo, It. 1. To lUitka* tb* 

augf r or diipltuara bj a illiMnloD of Uw BOI% & 
AmTj CUl. 4. UiKl u BiprwlTo •( nm, fl. 
Shn0ld and #lord. 
n> CHOOK mi 

CKCrOKlX, a. A lo* d<;>t|iBatWn tat ■ 

vtalad bcfoni Ibe introduotlHi m Uid 

OHOOKS, •. fd, Tha viadlBxi sT & rint, 
CKOOKS UD BAM>». Th> boakaand a 

torbiutn. 8. Tbicniali U tbairODhtx 


S. B. SlaHlt. Alt. 

HiipmM, K->iK BrBM 




^H, or MamOftrm ; q. tlial which kecpi the crook 

CWXML-TRKB, «. A beam of wood, or b«r of Iron, 
vUA rwnft aeroM th« ehlraaeyof a cottage, on which 
the creek la bang, Bosb. 871100. Crooh^tudie. 

ft CBOOX, «. n. To emit a mnnnoriiiff eoand. Y. 

ClOONKR. Caowvn, t. The Trigla lyra, a llah. 8. 
PfiwBinatcd from the cmnino noiae It makes after 
bdDf taken. Barrf. 

r« CBOOP, V. «. To croak. T. Gboup. 

r« CIOOT, «. li. To make a croakinf nolle. V. 

CIOOT, t. 1. A pwxj, feeble child, Loth. 2. The 
yeoBfeat and feeUcat of a nest, or of a litter. South 
•f 8. ttfooia. wriCf or wrigling. — Arm. erol, petit 
caftat ; or bl. krota, effoetom animal decrepitae 
aetatta. ▼. Ckat, whkh seems neaily allied. 

CIOOTLES, J. pi. A dimin. fktim Croot^ giren as a 
to one vho is small and ill-proportioned. 

CSOOTLU, m^. HaTing rerj short legs, and soch as 
SIC not in proportion to the body, Rozb. 

CftOOZCiriT, M. 1. A diminntire or pnnj penon, 
lyis. S. One worn down with age, ibid. 3. One 
Oilag solitarflj, or a sort of hermit^ ibid. — Perhfi])B 
sHied to Tent. Iroer^i, kmyt-em crispare ; q. dnwn 
tefcthfcr, shrunk op. 

T» ClOP tike Craary ; to i^ipear openly and boldly In 
Uie street i q. to keep the crown ef the catuey. 

ft CBOF mtt, V. «. To appear throq^ the sorfiMe of 
the grooad, applied to minerals, 8. Statist. Aee. 

nop OP WHST. The thick part of whey ; q. what 
ton to the arop or top, Dmnfr. 

ClOP Am BOOT. A proreibial phiase sfgnlfying en- 
tirely, eoBpletely; litenlly ti^and bottom ; metaph. 
bffinning and end. JSpaldino. 

CMKnif , part. pa. Crept. T. CaurpM. 

Tt CBQgg , «. n. To whine. T. CaoiSB, v. 

ClOmrNK, M. The name given, in some of the 
Weatcra Islands, Co the Molucca bean, which is 
Mffeed to their shores. — Perliaps, In Oael., the point 
«f the cross, from croii, crux, and jwtic, ponctnm. 

noafr-BRATHT), m4J' Braided across.— Teut. bre^d- 
m, eonftezere, nectere. 

ClOflS-raH, «. The name giren to the star-flsh, 
Aed.— Norw. *' KartfUk, or Icorf trold, the Stella 
Xarina, star-fish, or sea-star.** Pontoppidan. 

A CBOfiS-NOOK, V. a. 1. To check ; to restrain, 
Abcfd. C To itft close— into the nook$ — to make room 
tor a nrw-eomer, at the fire. W. BeaUies Tola. 

ClOflS-FUTS, A. j»f . T. CoBPs-raBSSiT. 

CmTAL, CaorTLB, a. Lichen ompbalodes, now called 
rwkor, Ligbtfoot. — Gael, erotalf and erotan^ Shaw. 

CBOTE. s. Th« smallest particle. TTyntown.— Sw. 
irmt, powder. 

ntOTKSCQUB, s., 7r. Orotesqae painting. 

CCOTTIL, ff. A small fragment of any bard body, such 
as enol, atone, Ac.— O. B. croteU, '*the ordure or 
dang of a harr," PhUlips. This is deduced by Skin- 
ner from Fr. crotta^ the dang of sheep, goats, Ac. 
CBOrrUB, adj. Corered with lichen, 8. 0. TraiiCt 

M-mmtain I/mte. T. Cwotal. 
ClorCBIB, adj. Haring a honch on the liask, 8. — 
PHhnpa it is immediately formed fhun Fr. crodiVj 
boek«4, crooked. 
ClorCHIE. a. One that is honchbacked, & Burnt. 
O. krslE^ incnrrns. 

2b CROUD, Ckowdk. «. n. 1. To coo as a dore. 

Douglat. 2. To croak, S. Ruddiman. 3. Metaph. 

to groan, to complain. Z. Boyd.^C. B. ffridhuanj 

gemere ; Belg. kryt-tn^ to cry. 

CBOUDE, t. A musical instrument formerly used 

in 8. 
CROUDS, f. pi. Curds, " Oroud$ and ream, cunU 
and cream," S. B. GL Shirrtfs.— Thin, in its form, 
resembles the E. v. to curdle, of uncertain vtymo- 
logy. The mobt probable origin is Gael, ffruth, 
which signifies curds, ffnithach^ curdled, Mocfarlan. 
Lhuyd gires Ir. krvtk in the same sense. 
CROVE, s. A cottage, y. Cbcfs. 
7\> CROUP, Ckupe, CE0lri», r. n. 1. To croak ; to 
cry with a hoarae voice. — Complaynt S. 2. To Rpcak 
hoarsely, as the effect of a cold, S. — Mocs. Q. hrop- 
jan ; Isi. hrop-a^ clamare. 
CROUP, i, A disease affecting the throat of a child, 
8. Cynancke tracKealis. Synon. chock, ituffing, 
doting. Buckan. From the noise made in brvutlkin?. 
CROUP, t. A berry, Gl. Sibb.— A. S. crojt, uva. V. 

CROUPIE, Croutib-Cbiw, ». A raven. •• Ac croupic 
Mil no pike out anither's een," Fife. In other coun- 
ties corbit is generally used. From the v. Croop, to 
CROUS, Crouse, adj. Brisk ; lively ; apparently bra vi?, 
8. Feblit to the Flay. — Fr. courrouci, chafed ; or 
Su. G. krut, curled. 
CROUSE, adv. Boldly, S. ; as in the phrase " lie 

cracks very croutt," or '* o'er croiue," S. 
CROUSE, f. Perhaps crockery.— Fr. crtiche, Id. ; Tcut. 
kroa, kruytef Belg. kroot, Germ, kraut, a drinkiug- 
CROUSELT, sufv. With confidence, or some degree of 

petulance, S. Bamtay. 
CR0U8ENESS, s. Appearance of courage, S. Pocmt 

Buckan. Dial. 
To CROUT, r. n. 1^ To make a croaklnj; or murmur- 
ing noise, as fro{?8 do, 8. Popular Ball. 2. To coo, 
8. Complaynt S. 3. Used to express the murmur- 
ing of the intestines, 8. Tarrat't Poems. V. 
CROW-BERRY, t. The name given, In Moray, to a 
berry which grows singly on a bright-green plaul ; 
the Vacclnium Myrtillus, or bilbe^7-bu^h. 
CROWDIE, f. 1. Meal and water in a cold st-ate, 
stirred togetlier, so as to form a thick gruel, S. Jlitt-m,. 
2. Food of the porridge kind in general. Ramtai/. 
8. In some parts of the north of S , a peculiur pn.*- 
pamdon of milk. In RO'i.s-shire it denotes cunls "v^ith 
the wliey pressed oat, mixed with butter ncaily in an 
equal proi>ortion. A little salt is udd^nl. This, when 
properly made,, may be kept for a long time — Su. 
G. cfrot, ln\. graut'ur, made of me.\l and wuU.t. 
CROWDIE-TI-ME, i. Time of taking breukfast, S. 

Tcdet of my Landlord. 
CROWDY-MOWDY, t. This generally denotes milk 

and meal boiled together, S. B. 
To CROWDLE, v. a. To crawl as a crab, Fife. Per- 
haps a frequentative, from the r. Crrnol, q. v. — C. B. 
croth. however, denotes the belly. 
To CROWDLE, Crowiile tukkithkr, v. n. 1. Todraw 
one's self together, Fife. 2. To draw cIo«^? together, 
as children do when creeping dose to each other in 
bed, for keeping tliemselves warm, ibid. *' To Crov}<Ue 
(diminutive of Crv%od), to keep close t(^etlier, a» chil- 
dren round the flre.or chickens underthe hen," Yorks.; 


CBOWDLB, I. X httv: ■ collKtiaB, VITe— Tr 
tnini-tH. |«U«n, prunmcn; Sa O. hnila, t 
gartM. Huirciu tuite ; A. a, crvIM, miaiilailg. tu 

OKUWI^ I. A tun LnniDltud La me u tr 
Crvol, ■ PUI17, tettAe nblJd, Au^.—BelE. k 
tulu. puuiUuB, Klllui . 1*1. Iiril, r» peipi 

nj CBOWI, n, H. ToCTHwl, a. Sitrni.—ae 


iwEwtlgfl In nuuLcnparlaltilnc <o LI 

of Ibe troopt 
CROWprHO. t. 

Til CBUVDUC, V. Ik TQ F«a«oliit>, 8. 

CHiniBLITE, CBEimirii, 1, OnulV.— Pr. a-wiMlIi 

fs CBUDLB. CiiDDLC, g. a. Ta enMl* ; M coaxal 
|g csiue M coifiiUtv, £. Juolui gtrl* CVvde na 
■j'niin. with CunUr.— It. cnU, aotdi. Ltaafil. 

CnritS, (.!«. Cuids.S. SAIrr^. 

CBIIE, t, A ihirp-lKi't 0'' niuUer Fold, SUiU.— IbI, 

CRt^HBKIUNO, ). TbsElud. Tbi>« Alom, LUu. 

Il Umtd In B. I 

J liHn," I 

DKlramolf ; kt crtvl rron, reej rrc 
rery 111, Comw, tnd Dvraus.;" Dri' 

CRL'EtA, f. Tha kiug^cvlliKioful 
— Fr. wwdla, M. 

CniTXR, 1, A kint er ihip ; (ppu 

viLb cum, q. f . iTfCfdCi jr?. 

CB17FE, OiDir*. OKrin, Ckbti, i. 
cm, S. D. f mryfSM. S. A lij, S 

, 8. IFtdnw. 
ntlj th. tune 
1. A h«cl, 8. 

CBUIK BTUDIS. EnniDi^ (o bt > Uilhl 
■llh *ImI li ailed* liora pr<i)aiuluf tm 
Tor (fltaUoc, fBmlnB hoiH^BOM, Au. 

ORITISSira ^ ipAUkT' * vnala mtMui 
liqunr, Ant— Dan. Itnnii, a cop . O, Vt. a 

CRIJ5B... Aelrele. Oatirtai.-Teitt. 
CBCIK'ta,Ouoi».(.|>I. 1. Thi 

'IninDtt tf * iliw, 

u ORULOB, ■. a. 
S»(n^i.— Tmi, 
CBITLOS. t. A ei 

Hotnel ; la dn*- uc*1ku, 8. 
■I cgnllUoa, sr »iijiiiicit« 

•CRCM.1. VlBdtadaiigd 

Migd » mtU bll 0< uj IhlOf ; 

ail. Oraolifd ; u. n> <n> MH Ik 

CRtUHOCS, CMHia^iDi. •, A ■•■> milk ■ 

7V> CBrUP. V. o. Ts iDik* ■ tnAInc iibIm la 

Willi 1> liinl ind britiu, B. Mrrimm. 
CBCMP. Omrit, Bttf. Citip; imulc,S. A« 
~ ~1UMP,I.<(, TncBillkOnihlBCIii- 

tLiai, imrt, o^. CnotW. aq«- . 

ToCBtTiB, r. Ciom. 

L A flib of Uw Trfsl* ktaa, T. OmohL 
iKIJl, «, a. I. To CRUe, ta nuapl^ t. 
fi Cant OntUm. i. Tn thrlTcl , H mo- 




hi3ilr. ?.B. — From Ui« Mine oii^In with E. mue, 
fruian. » »inAll cu]\ q. k cup for hoMing oil. — Teut. 
tnxf, c?-i*thii.s icruyWf vas potorium. 2. A xort of 
naaiTjIiir cmnilU>>tick made of Iron, with one or more 
f^^tu for hoUlioff the CAmlle, with the cdgeit tumetl 
=p ga all the thrv« »iUcs, Dumfr. 3. A crucible, or 
)r'Mw pinTi? of iron uh^I for melting metals, South of 
.■^.— I-l. knui. t««ta, crat«r te>taceu«. 
T- CErSIli, r. <i. To contzact the body in sitting, 
S.'uUi of 5. liokrr, llurkUy »yn. CrutUt^ part, pa., 
m4iril to on<; wlio bit* bowed tofrcther over the fire. 
—It mar b« allied to Germ. XrrriueZ-m, krautd-tny 
(TV-ran;, bet>auM; what i» curled Is Ahrivelltid or cod- 
-j^>d : krauM, crispua. 
C1LCTE> I. A decrepit pcrton, Roxh. The same with 
'(V«4. althnoffh di'JcTently pronoun ceil. 
CltrTLACIIIN. piwt. pr. Conversing in a Mlly, tattl- 

:ac w»y, S. B. 
CBl'VE. Clcitk, «. A box resembling a hen-crih, 
;l4r« I l:i a ilam or dike that mna airnMs a river, for 
OiLfiniag th«* fi«h that enter into it, d. AcU Ja. I, 
—So. G. Icntfr&a, pmesepG. 
CT'BE. CcBiE. Probably the abbrer. of Cutkbtrt. 

*\HU is the term now u.4vd. 
Cl'BICULARE. i. A proom of the bed-chamber.— 

ft. otMeulairt^ lat. CHbicu/ariui. 
ncniL. CcTHiL, <. A fon:«torgrore. Douglas. — 

'.'. B cn/viaid, bi-longin;; to a fore.ot. 
CrCKING, s. A t^rm expressive of the Mund emitted 
bf tbr cockoo. — I»l. gauk-Qf Dan. gukk-<r^ cucu- 

CLCKOLD*?-rtT, I. The flrit or uppermost slice of 
a l«af of bP'a-1. Roxb. Tlic same with the Loun't- 
fin^ In E. Kiuing cnut. 
CrD. aibx. CouM. 

CrD. t. A stronj; staff, S. — Teut kodde, a clob. 
?-CL'D, f. a. To cuiJg-1, S. 
CriiDEAR, ff The Lichen tartareus, Liun. ; dark 

pirp:* ilycr'ri lichen. 8. Staf. Ace. 
CVbblK f. Ahbrev. of the Christian name Cuthbcrt^ 

i : a*. r*ih> H^-ad rig. 
■TDDIE, ff. A !»mall ba»ket made of straw, Shetl. — 
ia. Q ku lit. Mccula-i, jMcra. It originally denoted 
8 ho^ of any kind : hvnce spitliefl to a pillowslip. 
n'OblE. ff. A ;:uti«:r in a Ktrtivt, Roxb. 
Cl'DDIE, CrPDV-A^.x. t. An bm, S.— Thii word is 
c^: f.r>hab]y of oiiental origin, and may have boen 
iK^iOrt-d by thv Grpsi*-<i, this bfing thvir favourite 
';»4rcprd. Vkta. gudila sigiiiQes an ass; and I 
nKi .nformrd that Ghudia has tbe same higuiflcution 
:. n-n-iofUfcUctf. 
■XIiDIE, Ciziput. CcTH, ff. The cole-fl&h ; Gadus 

carbc-naruss Linn. Stalitt.Ar. 
CTDIiIM;. t. Tbc char, a flsh, Ayni. Slatis. Ace. 
■ TDIiYRL-N'G, ff. A cwlgel. Dunttar. 
TaCUIlDLE, ribLE, r. n. To cmbmce, 8. Kamtay. 

— T«ut- kuihl-fn, coire, con venire. 
r. Cl'DDLE, r. a. To embrace ; to fomlle, South of 

9- P:fe. Ttnmint. 
CTODLIC ff. A Mrcrvt muttering among a number of 

p«9ple. S*. B. — Teut. tiwJfl-fn, garrire. 
i.TbUOCII. ff. A young cow or heifer ; one of a year 

'44. Gftliftway, Dumfr. 
rCDOrM, ff. ' A ruHinm ; knack. Gl. Skirrtft. 
f* Ct'DDriX. CcDDCM, r. a. 1. "To cuddum a 
kfaal r U> make it tame and timetable, 8. 0. 2. To 

CUDDrM, adj. Tame ; usually appliwl to a b«i*t. S. R. 
CUDE, CuDiB, I. u>ron. as the £>cut.H proa. Gr. v.) A 

small tub, Ang. V. Cuodi k. 
CUDE, Code, ff. A chri.som, or facc-clnth for a child 
at baptism. Sp^iUwood.—Y rom C. U. cudd-io, to 
CUDK, CciD, adj. ]larehraln(»d ; nppi'aring as om- 
deranged, Border. ^ynou. skcfr.—Ul. kuid-a, tu 
CUDE10H, ff. 1. A bribe ; a premium for the use of 
money, Loth. ; a gift cunfcrrud cliindrstini.-ly, S. 
Ramay. 2. Somrthiug cuufcrrcil ns a prt'.<w:iit. in 
addition to vago.i, and nvnou. with UnuHttth, Duiufr. 
— Gael, cuhtaigk-am. to help. 
CUDGER, Ci'DOir, ff. The blow which one scIiooMioy 
gives to another, wlien the former il:iru.'> iIm* iuttvr tu 
fight with him, Roxh. .^ynon. Cotuhir't llluiv. 
CUDYUCU. ff. 1. An a.H.H, Dumfr. 2. A M>rry ani- 
mal ; usctl in aKcn<^raI s^-iioi-, ibid. V. (.'idiiil*. 

CUDREME, ff. A btoue wri^'ht. V. C'lirnKEMK. 

CL'DUM, Ci'DDCM, ff. Suliitauce or IurKc?t share, 
Dum^r. — Gael, cuid, a shtirv. 

CUDWEED, ff. A pUiut, lloxb. Api>an>utly thv same 
with Cud'iiar^ q. v. 

CUDWUDDIJB, ff. V. CLTwronric. 

To CUE, r. n. To fuihile, l^ith. Hemv, 

CUER, ff. One who intoxicates others, iliid. Appa- 
rently a cant term. 

CUFE, ff. A simpleton, S. V. C^X^r. 

CUFF (*fthe neck ; the tlenliy {lart of the nock behin<I, 
S. G€dt. — Isl. Jhi/-r, convexitas. 

To CUFIE, V. a. To outstrip ; to overoome, espociftlly 
at athletic exercisoH ; ar>, " I'll cufi*' you :it loupin','* 1 
will have the advautsi^eof you in lunpin^, Fife. To 
C'ttoardie, Moarnh, id. Evidi-ntly from th<: sanit; 
origin with f^uff, Cno/.—9>n. (r. kiific-a, supprimiTi*, 
insultare ; Isl. kug-a, co^'cn-, iuii};irr«.' ; '>ulijuL'ur<.>, 
supprimere, Ver«-1. Th«; E. .«<ynnnym<> tn one, " to 
depress with fear," retains thi.* form of tlie I.'^l. r., 
while S. ctijir, exhibits that of thf Su. (J. 

CUFIE, CUFKIR, s. The act by whiih um- is suriinvs(>il. 
Fife. C'lwardif, id. 

CUID, ff. The chri.snm usetl in bjiptism, in the Churcli 
of Rome. V. Ci'dk. Mfunn. 

CUYLLTAC, ff. The Tcllina KhoinlKiidos. a >h<.-ll-fi>h. 

CUILLIER. ff. A flatt>Ttr : a i»aru-iito. 

To CUIXYIK, r. a. To coin ; to strike money. A'!j 
Ja. IJ. — Fr. roipn-fr, iil. L. II. run-ir^. j 

CUINYIE, ff. 1. t'..:n, S. B. A'tj, J.i. II'. 2. Tlr- | 
mint. Arts Ja. JV. 

CI:INYIE-IIUUj»E, *. The mint. Sk /k. 

CUIXYIOrUF^ ff. The mii.sier of the mint. 

CUIR-UERAR, ff. One wh-.i ha> chiir;r.j of any thiiijr. 
Afterd. lifp. 

CriRE. ff. Cover. p.^tHMlOth 

CUIRI>1, ff. Suble, mews. I'it»o>it;^. — Fr, e*c-iri'\ 
id. V. QuiBiR. 

CUISSE-.MADAME, «. The name given to the Fren-li 
Jargonelle. s». Scill, 

CUISSKR, CUi^SER, ff. A stallion, .S. Fcrgussm. V. 

CULST, ff. A p.»prf>achful tt-rni. Pol wart. V. guAi;«T. 

Cl'IST. pret of the v. to cast, S. 

CUITCliOURIH, ff. pi. GauiMer.i ; hI-h) smugglers. 

Gl. Bibb. 
To CUITLE, V. a. To wheedle. V. Cl'tlr. 

LTing into domrntic habits; applied to persons, S. To CUITLE up. r. a. To effect an ohjvct in view by 
M9m.—Wr. aceovtumtrt io mecvMom. I whcci 

rhccdliug another, 8. 


ITinl la B. Lot 
—Id, kiU-r. » 

of offud-DiffU or bepr, ftoxb. , TV Cnv^ « 

l-haCuehlDiiBuial. T. Coon-aTi 

1. A bcij or Mudilng im»ijttn, i 

tpluij llslnivwdii, but tbclr « 

IIilimeDIf In InlftDd, Uia BnbrMsi, SnUiod, 
W*]« ; wtngtmulj eeletrrUedfatUHliplMJ: aul, 
ukninrlinlgltig ngblibap, itdit mbject (u an ftbtnl 

CUI.K'AK'-SCP. A l?tB lued 
IMtcrtf ; ihu, "Ii'i li«n o 
ttrlritajji," TiHlotit.i cj. ami 
ta iwilk™ cvorjr msl, boki 

CHLS-TUB-I.UME, t. A perwi 

IwmiMml ht worti «IUi to D 
aim. I.e., Irwi, Cl^dM. 

ToVVLVK, Cctiii, BO. LI 
IMftftat. 2. Ta «gstb>, ^l» 
Wtuadlfc ihniiFJiu, A. Tn 
JCiUy, t. To tmiD ID Iht ch. 

- • fondle, itela Bud n. lo make 

CULLE8I1AKQBB. i. As vftoa-. the smt wtUi 

tbIHMtaivie, q. <r. lHOrm.! P. 
CtrLUBBUOTION,Coiunncnni.>. A nolij >i|i»l>)'l« 

■llkunt iBliiililef. Konr, rift^ PuUiiMr. 
nn,L[OHBT,f. ThaceodBetofftpollnDii. BaiUlt. 
HULLlBfiANG, >, At>roiI.-BH|<BbbKi Hoiti. 
CCLLOCK.i. A>p«lesi>f>h>U-<ldi.B1wU. J\'rill. 
nn.U)NAIU3, COLiHKixis, I. pL Tba Inktbriuils af 

bl. »(fll, ciUau, I 

u *El1 H Bu. a. MiU, *Bd 0. B. taut, leUJCIlllu. 
CCUilBS, Cnutu, t, A ran] dab. Untlat- 
CCL?ia, CDLrria, i. pJ. OnpL 
CLrLl<iT,j>oM. Jio. Lr(. HfHit, (Sidled. Z«>KlHr. 
CULRBACS, (. A luroiy finn le > omit, wbtn ddi 


CULHOCN, t, A raMsl : > 

Balg. till, (sUiwIU (Id ' 

CULTBLLAR. j. A cntlir 


>bnl. £<o.— L. B, 

wl M i^noa. wlUi ffliUii.— I^lrlu>tu 
Id Bw. JMlhllf. S. AppllHl la Oil tftt, 
IbsaiilhTiD !>,<((<->•, ilii'l 
m, Hi. Cart lu Ih- •• --■■ - - -■ 
"Tbli uma «•» n '' 


robrtOK; tori^tcb ; i^fplirillo 

1. 1. To noHBc. e. jr-« 

mcfjl to Art, S. 3. Tia ngi 

uemi di/ hbdin ft bferptlD, 

pow tbll ho -HI W loiipb ■» 


11 1> •Ild. ■• ii*-u 

o>"* (0 Jul," 8.— Thlt phr»Mnlnor 


■ .HlUr-hoecbuthT. M 

10 (»U bS. t. To 




new -K, ». a. 1. To riflkt 

n. I. To kii via 

-»lr^ iUd. 

rgCril«COKE*.mr-«. 1 


dcJIoMml : te U] 

•Uor(;lt.>htl>ik.8- 7■BU*l^.^rJl.^n.,AoeM rc«l 

u/ Ihlfli .iriM 


■dlf UK Ua<% 

be'UamtUi VOLE'S. V 


To CUM Owb fir, r. n. To 


CMii tudt/iT bus, Ihiu Uw aanej 


11 r«lliil 00,-8 

Te ecu, or OOUB Crr <n m 

a. LTtMMI, 

■ Hlllairi.lku 

mmt mlKbuiKrind ™« n 


S % TftiMtti* 




CTMMER. C03IK&, KiNVBB, r 1. A gosisip, S. Kdly. 

— Fr. cnmmure^ u »he-gosJup. 2. It Minctimes oo- 

car» m thf s'^nsc of god-mother. In relation to bap- 

t«cj. Spaldina- 3. A midwife, Moray, Gl. 9urv. 

ATr^, SlieU. Train. 4. A common d«f»ij?uatiou for 

ft tr.rL, eorr«5iK)iidiue to cailatid for m boy, An;;. 6. 

A Taos; ironiAu, Dumfr. 6. Applied to a female, 

TiibAut refpr-cs to her a^, asexpressire of contempt 

or displea.'iu;*;. a^i, *' Ske*» a gay cummer tXaW^ 8. 

.^is»n an-i t^arL 7. Vs*rt\ to denote one supposu«I 

Vi he a vitch. Bumfr. Bridf of Lamm. 

CrMMER. f. Vuxation, Ac. V. Cuxmar. 

CUMMERFEALLS. An entertain m«!nt formerly 

r.ves in 9. on the recovery of a female frvm inlying. 

Mvriiffe — Fr. commerej a goniiip, and re£^/<, a 

Ticll.avake, afea!>t;q. " the jKt.ssip's wake, or feast." 

' CTMMEKLYKE, aJj. Like CHJnai«r«, or gossiipa. 

' I>ua»iar. 

, CrUMEB-XlOC^M. In eummer-rooai, an encnmhrance; 
«;>^'.-aring a-» an intrui!>>r. 
CUMMINO. CrxrEOXi. «. A Teisel for holding wort. 
InvimtjrieM. V. Cymkixq. 
: CUM MIT, part. pa. Come. NicA Burnt, 

CrMMOCK. «. A Dhort istafT with a crooked head, 8. 
Banu.— Gavl. eaat, crooked, with the mark of dimi- 
I aatina added. 

CTMUrrNlE. ailj. Snug; comfortable, Benrickii. 

P.Tjbat-Ij a cant term. 
CUM-OIT-AWA, *. A iwindler, Upp. Clydei. ; q. 
C:m*-<Mt-aipajf, beg«nc. 
I r«CrMPUfJVTEIl.r.ii. Toarconl. V. CojiPLrrnER. 
CCMPTER PACISS. "Tua cumptrr paciu of leld ;" 
I u chr w«icht» in a dock arc still called jxxcei, S., 
pn-liably two leaden counterpoises. 
CTM&ATD, pret. v. Encumbered ; embarrassed. 

r«CUN. r. a. 1. To learn : ta know. £. con. Dou- 
$'a». 2. To taiUs, Domfr. Jlontgomerie.—A. S. 
cii«n-««. scire. 
' r^Crv. or CUNNE THANKS. 1. To jrlve thanks ; 
I t' ?x>r<;&5 a Bcnse of obli^'alion. 8. Skintfrr. 2. 
To ftvi grateful ; to hare a j«^xise of oblij.'utioti ; *:x- 
j?^>«Tf iif what pxwe* in tho mind, S. Often in 
ia^*. c'-fi thanL; S. — £u. O. kaenn-a, fti^illes to con- 
f*-.-. V. ai knowledge. 
CCShlE, i. I. An apartment ; a concualcil holo, 
Ar.e, 2. A sewer or shore. One ttlltil up niUi 
stjjce* if <rall<-d a nimltlinffcunJie ; syuou. rumUing 
tyrrr. 3. An archcil pohdape. for conductiu;;, un(l<*r 
1 rt*l the water collected by drains from wet frround.s 
"-s tht lipp-er *ide of the rowJ, AyrH. 4. Sometimes 
avfo to denote a fn^te. or rather the hole coverc-<l by 
ft snw, VfT rev»-ivinj? dirty water, that it may be con- 
t<T-,i l£i.. thi; common (^ho^e, Anff.— O. Fr. conduit, 
ft sh'^p. >K.atii|ue ; also, an aqutrduct, or canal for the 
■>•■-; r-T3ia..*v of water. 
CrNDfE-II«">LE, f. A concluit, as one across a road, 

R-' ^" ^ — lVay'f>4^ Cutt^cr. 
CTTTIE. t. A comer formed by the meeting of two 
nxht lines, Roxb. Berw. The same with Coin, 

CTSri'E-HOUSE. f . The mint ; by the Ipnorant or- 
Anrraphy cf early copyiats, written Curuie-houte. V. 

CniTIE-SriK, «. A very snog situation ; literally 

cbe earner of a comer, Roxb. 
nrsrao. ». a rabbit ; 8. kinnen, B. cmie. Dunfjar. 

■rtf . fanyn, Bw. koMin, Gael, eoinnin. Id. ; lat 

CUNINGAR, CrnRiKOAiRK, s. A warren, 8. Acts Ja. 
/•— 8w. kanningaartl, from kanin, a rabbit, and 
gaardj an euclosure. V. Yairk. 
CUNYdAN'CE, *. UadRe ; cognizance.— 6*atoa» and 

Got. Fr. coonoiManci, id. 
CX:2iSASh, part pr. Knowing ; skilful. Wyntttum, 

CUSSASh,$. Covenant. Harbour. V. CussfiSD. 
To CCNNKR, V. n. To .scold, Upp. Clydes. 

CUNXEIl, s. 1. A scoldinfj, ibid. 2. A reprimand ; 
a rt-proof. — Gael, cain-am, signifies to dLspraise, 
eainttoir, a scolder, and rnitxaroinackt, scolding ; 
cannran-am, to gmmhie, ami cannran^ contention. 

CUNNI.\CK. I. A ch-omber-pot, Galloway.— This is, 
most probably, from Ir. cuineog, a can ; C. B. Arm- 
nog^ i«l. 

CUNNING, «. Knowledge. ActM Ja. /.—A. 8. cun- 
nyng, exiierieutla. 

CUNSTAR, f. AUrd. /?e^.— Umloubtt'rlly allied to 
Teut. Dan. kunst, art, science ; if not corr. from 
kunstnrr, an artiist 

CUNTENYNO, «. Generalship. V. CoNTfjfYSo. 

CUNVETII, CrxBVKxn, t. A duly i»aid in ancient 
times. V. Cosveth. 

CUPAR J USTTOK. A proverbial phrase denoting trial 
after execution, S. The {loiiular tnulitiou i.s, that 
a man who was confined in prison in Cuitur- 
Fife, obstinately refmed to cotni' out to trial ; ancl 
tliat water wa;s let into his cell, under tlie idea of 
compelling him to foricake it. till he wad actually 
drowned ; that those who had the charge of him, 
finding this to be the case, broujiht hi.s dead body 
Into court, and procec<l(>d rejrnlarly in tin; trial, till 
it was solemnly determined tliat lie had mot with 
nothing more than he deserved. 

CUP-MOi^S, t. A name given to tht; Lu-hcn tartarens. 
Surv. Banff*. The name prol>ably oritri nates from 
the resemblance of the fructification to cupt. V. 

CUPPELL, f. Perhaps a small tub ; a dimin. from 
Teut. kuyp, a tub : if not tubful. 

CUPS Axi> LADLi-^S. The hu.sksof the acorn ; from 
their resemblance to these utonbils, Iloxb. 

CUPPIL. *. Rafter. V. Couple. 

CUPPLIN, i. The lower part of the harkboiio, S. 1). 

CUR.\(}E, <. Care; anxiety. IMiugla*. 

CURALE, a«/;. Ofor belonging to conil.S. Inrtntori^*. 

CURBAWDY, M. AoUve courtship ; as, " She Uinw 
water at him, and lie an apple at her ; and .^o bciran 
CurbawJy," Dumfr. This ni.jirly rcs«;niblfs Cur- 
bauNiiti, although quite dilTrrnnt in .Mcuific;ition — 
It might S'^em to lie from Fr. coeur, and baud-ir, q. 
what glotbUns the h^art. 

CURIJLYAV, t. A bragKard. Abcnl. 

CURClIDDOCir. 1. To danc^ curatddoch or air- 
cuddif^ a piny among children, in which tbey sit on 
their hougha, and hop round in n circular form, S. 
2. Sitting closn toL'eth«.T, and in a friendly manner, 
8. B. Rttgs. 3. Conlial ; intimate. Dumfr. KtUy. 

To CURCUDDOCII. r. n. To sit in thi.i nuuiuer ; to 
hold a friendly t-te-n-t>'lf., 8. B. 

To CURDOO, CiBDow, v. a. To l>otch ; to sew In a 
clum.xy manner ; a term applied to inferior tailors 
liOib. TwetHhl. V. CiRDow. 

CUR-DOW. An imitative t*»rni, u«;ed to express tho 
cooing of the dove, B. JIttgg. — Su. G. kurr-a, mur- 

To CURDOW, CrRimo, 9. n. To make love, Ayrs. 
The Entail. Frr>ni CVtrr, to coo, and dou>, pigeon ; 
q. to coo as a dove. 

cua 143 cim ^1 

CUKDOWEIL., 1.0n=»ho»oA.«»iiT"*lf«IUiln 

m, iru|l*m •duuta. flsta. «bei» |tB 

^bm^hlu.hlcbbeliDMnrrwBK., BDib. 3. A 

Uilor or »ni]>nriia who goci (ton liotuc to tmae 

np Umt Uiej umogl b. dlnciol U ■ Uolifai 

n.CVBS.v.a. TflcnUr.»v. 

CDELIKG-STAKB. i. A >t«» luBl 1b em 

OTOK,,. C«.:«irfeW.Pr. P-lia itm. 

OUBKR... Acorer.naUl.. H™1«(<. 

7v>cvnuFPiK,*.a. To iiHi iirif, rue 

CURUIBOOB. •(.■. CboriUhislceuUlj. Jts 

S. Am. V. Fi:rTFl.t. 

/W™.— A. 8. «orl, cnMlau. 

0U8PurrLE.t. Tnnumt; •dUUDD.S. jtniiruarf- 

OUBLUNF. •.j4. Tb. urlhiMt ^ «« |i«4i 

C0BFUE8... nwcBrfe-Wl. V. Cownura. 

CIiaa&LUT.]iaTt.ii4. Umlngone'urgoliufs.hoeliwl, 


br «ii« or horfDg Dt ujr hwrlW. Ixxl. A,«. 

KipL u ^00. wllh, " II tm »■ aj Huh 8nw[.,"— 

(I«l. o(m<=<r, ri<bot» ■ rmulo t«.t|iw« 

«!«■. >Dd »=J^ ; q, " M fMM ih. h«n r- 

CUBWrftaJj, I. Cooj^it: .•■■■> ■-•■ '•-• 

wnAd, kgrchlEh, « uieringi tor lh= tiad. CAalm. 

of |J^^lrilon,llrulrf.^.~^. 

Man- V. CotMKB. 

Soul)l of S. Uiurki. r 

CUBQLAFF, t. Th« •hock Itll lu taUilrMf. -bon one 

iuantbgof (imtwullML- 

Brrt p]an|« jDio ttis COM H.Mf. BlinlT-. 

ofKouMt In. In) *»., . 

CTnUSLOfT,j»ir(.ai(i, Piui1o-.lriKli, Jlolm't Pofliu. 

AuoUlcru <o iioIW tutjilv.^ii . 3. Suuf ; c 

ffim.'fr, U Inqnire. 


CCTKIOCS, Bitf. Aonliiiu; eiiferitarnl, 9. BnUit 

nCUKUUD.<>.n. ToiltlniMMordom 

-O. Ft. wfo., «,*»* empRHh plan <lr .d* 

d'ur«*Mi, »^«m, .tienur: ai, RTOi. Eoquffwl. 

cmiMUMK. .. A m«u 1.11a*, FUt. , 

■ bum miKh mcd li^ chUdnu, sipwiUIr vlih rcitMi 

GDKHinwBDCa, a^. KmL^mt»tau, IK 

» U» mull buk. at dmnil uhloh tbtjr niK. »b«o 

CUKUUDLIK, CiUDPUa.*. ClOH nobirt: 

IbeK KB atricd <« by lb. (««. of ih. in.wr, Fife. 

ot p«MB« on meh oibor. S. B.— Tbo ortglu 

&1, *«r,i, to Ui u rcit. (>-, Ci:i«) ; u4 .wl 

Oujmit ifff drftit. lb. 

HW », or mlh<r Dul wd. bj. uUl 

CURKLING. t Th. Bunii «nktol bf U« qo.ll. 

GUBMCRKIKO. i. arumbUo« i UwlnaUai 

lutaHoes produMd bj dlgbt it<p«. B. B 

lb CUBI^ Cduji, i. To esiUH ■ •udb to man oloDg 

Icetonidimmiuk.S. pHiiMCHVt. 

OUHN. KnmH. 1, 1. A c«bi : tilncl. (RdiS 

p«Uol«; pun I* m enla. a CAafn. Ait. 

qiBBlitjr, u bulcBDlu Bumtat, B. 4. * 

IWw* • imill pl«» of lintO, Roib. S. A 

CCRLDODDIES. 1, pi. CailRl «hbw«. B. 

ofpmon^B. J<mn,.Lmd.-it«:,.a.ltam 

OUBLEB,!. OuohnuDOKi bUuHtt It UiaplajDf«K..ri>ln. 

«rt«(,, 8, BaOlfc. 

CCRN, OiFui, (. A hiud'^ltl. Fits. K. (wi 

niRlXr, 1. A FDCcrlFl. 

Tt. CCRN, CuuM.. o. Topiwl,Flfc- 

Bn»<ru«,(. Eipl. "IbobKfrHMiB.-— CWi 

SDihiwM AtvcDilt, Uon., e A. 

nm. xm B. f»r>. !!«». O. giuJni, 1, B. I 

CltKLtE-DOUDIE^ I. jX. Ttie bUdd Eliren tointl 

wwni, Mtj™, 8u. 0. ?i«™, (pWrifc awls. 

wfr-a. elwUBMpini. or Awr^ la ittibi tflU 


b»<iTt»alulL.r<»(. Fu1.*f.Iim:IW«, 

CURLIB-FUFFS, i. pi. A icnn aprlM, ■p[>«rr!B(1r 


Miiliidlcroysltiv. lofllHhiklr •OR. b; &i>ii^» lu 

JVC0BNAB...a. T.. plUt., ntr.-Ti.. t-i 

o( puffing np (h* hsir. vrer.reir.r. 

Ihl... U.tW.BMi-B.B..f. --- 

CUW.1B8, ». pi. ColcMrt. el i.mdi U>e I«tm «« 



UnoioM'. o*n.(o.tJ.. 

CUKLT KAI.B. Tho nme tHih Airlin. (.— Ttl. 

d.unMl. CIB.«mprr.- 

femllfaul. (- .., turi«d l>*l] ; Id fiu, lln«*o»J. oi 

erln-^l mlnrort. 

CtrnNaY, CvMn. I. A ^— . — „ - . 

Cl'BlJKWURUK,!. ABggKoternunMilDn Won*, 

CCR«I. Cy«»n, ««. 1. Oiilrr.a, (M* *» 

a. KnotM. (wullol: u bowi, mumto 

R",^. e»«^<., M„ KWro«--««m. i-™fF 

xbii^b (■ix.-ouleadliif p»Ua pu^ ct lUdv rnmnl. 

Cl-HMl-, ,, A o,;r,fr.-l,.ro. t.., Ih, lUilt 

to tennlr pmuuls- wHght. wllh Imn w woodnt. 

hiDdla at Oi. lop. Tb. objca of ih« p1q« i. 

U bif hl> 1UO0 M i.»r U» nirk u po■lb1^ 

M rnuit IhU at kii puuei ohieli b*a bea nil 

Uld bFterr. <H lo iVIk* ofllhjil of hit uittffoiiiu. 

/■nuunCi rw <■ SsL— I-orbftpt (Foib TcbL IroU- 

Applllrl loAtiTogil} tOOKhllUoiXi.l mm ft' 





1 CwptA is lb« commoo term in S. for the cropper 

QfAaKddle. — Fr. eropion, the rmnp. 
r^PAT osB'tf CcKriai. m. To beat one. 
kn't Cr&ro3i, a de^iinuitioii applied to a child, expre*- 

STC of ^5pleacur« and contempt, Ang. 
roCC&R. 9.n. To lean.— 111. kure, avium more 

RcKoatus qnieiico. 
To CUBS, «. n. Uiwd In the same aense with E. cower. 

I To CTBR, r. n. To purr ai a cat, Boxb.— It had been 
tDctenily used in the aenie of CoOf as applied to doves. 
TcuL fcoer-en, gcmere instar toitarih ; Isl. Sa. G. 
mnrmor edere; I&l. JiHxicr-<i, muadtore, X^iur, 

! I 

CURIACH, CcBBOK, t. A akiir or small boat Bd- 
ImdnL— Gael. evmcA. 

CCKRACK, CcaiocH, s. A small cart made of twigs, 
B.B. Statitt.Aee. — Gael.CM»iiirrfacA,acartorwagon. 

CTBRAN-BUN, f. The vulgar name for the sweet 
eike used at the Kew-jear, from the curranU with 
which it is baked, S. Pidcen. 

CTRRAX-PETRia, a. The name given to a certain 
not, Sooth Cist. — Gael, eurran denotes a carrot ; 
perhaps 8t. Ptter'a Carrot ; it being very common, 
in the nighlands and Islands of S., to denominate 
objects froitt aome favourite Saiut. 

CTKRIE, CoL'aiB, t. A small stool, Lanarks. ; deno- 
Blnated peihaps from the r. to Cwrr^ to sit by lean^ 
iqr on the hams : or CScmr, to stoop, to crouch. 

r« CTRKIEMUDGEL, e. a. To beat in good humour, 
IVe. Cvrriemudat is n.fe«l in Loth. One takes hold 
•fa child, and nibbing the child's ears in good humour, 
■yi, ^'rUcurWrmiiiiffeyou.** 

CrUU-WIRRIE, odj. Expressive of a noisy, habt- 
tml growL Ayrs. ^non. Tirwirrinff. 

T» CTKRIT, V. n. A term applied to a smooth-going 
carriage or vehicle of any kind ; as, ** It curriU 
Boothly alang,** Boxb. Perhaps from the lat. v. 
fumrre, to run. 

Cr&BQCK-rROSST, adj. Bound toa currocXr, Buchan. 
Tsrro:^M Pornu. 

Tc Cl'RRCO, v.n. ** To coo ; applied to the lengthened 
mo oC the male pigeon," Clydes. — ltd. kurr-a, mur: 
Kurve, minnrire iniftar palumbum ; Haidorson. — 
Ttot. koi^r-tHt gemere iniUar turturis aut columbae. 

CVKSABILL, adj. Current. Aberd. Bfg.—¥t. court- 
•Uc. id. 

CTEfiADDLE, s. V. Cab-saddi.k. 

CrsSCBE. 9. A covering for a woman's head. S. 
Aberd. Btg. V. Couxchb. 

Tc CrSf ££:>£, r. a. To reprove ; to punish. Aberd. 

CTKSELL, i. Pyle and curtili, a technic-il ptirase, 
formerly used in the mint, apjArently denoting the 
iBpressicD made on each side of a piece of money, 
and equivalent to £. crou and pile. Actt Ja. VI. 
— Fr. pHt denotes not only the impression made on 
dke reverse of a coin, but the die with which it \* 
naie ; while Curitll is a diminutive from oors, 8. the 
a%u. which wa&al^aysbtamped on the more ancient 

CTRfE 0^ BCOTLAND, the name given to the nine of 
dtamonde in the game of Whist ; said to have origi- 
9at«d frria the tidings of a severe defeat of the Scot-* 
having been written on the liack of this card, South 

CTBSOUR, S. COCTBE. CcsxxE, f. A stallion ; oriri- 
aaUy a «ar-faoni. VfoUoce.— Fr. eoimiere, a tilting 

CCn ALD, a. A kind of cranon.— Fr. oowtamlt, 0. E. 

eourtaud^ "a kind of short piece of ordnance, used 
at sea ;" Phillips. From Fr. cimrt, >Iiort. 

CURTEONS, t. pi. Apparently corr. from Fr. carton, 
thick paper or pasteboanl. 

CURTILL, t. A slut. Gl. Lyndsay. 

CURTILIi, adj. Sluttish.- Mr. Chalmers properly 
refers to 0. £. curtail, a drab. 

CURTOUSII, f. "A woman's short gown,"' Ayrs., Gl. 
Picken ; i. e , what is in £. called a bod-gown ; I^oth. 
id. — Apparently from Fr. court, Bolg. kurt, fthort, 
and koufiCj which itself includes tlie idea of thvrtnrss. 

CURWURRINO, t. Synon. with Curmurring, Loth.— 
Isl. itiirr-a, murmumre, and verr-a, or urr-a, hirrirc. 

GUSCIl£, Crssic, t. Armour for the thigh.s Wyntown. 
Fr. cuiuot, id., from cuuse, the tbi^h. 

CUSCHETTE, $. A ringdove. V. KowsnioT. 

CrSUIE, CrsniR-Dow, t. The ringdove, S. Mayne's 
Siller Gun. V. KowHcnor. 

CUBHIE-NEEL, «. Cochineal, as the wonl is still pro- 
nounced by the vulgar in S. 

•CUSUIOX, «. Sft beside the aifhion, laid aside; 
equivalent to the modem phrase, " laid on the 
shelf." Spalding. 

CUSnLE-MUSIILE, t. Earnest and continued mut- 
tering, S. B. Rou. — Su. G. kiuk-a, to boothc, 
mutk-a. to hide. 

CCSYNG. f. Accusation. Wallace. 

CUSSANIS, t. pi. Perhaps, armour for the thighs. 
Fr. cuifiott. 

CUSSELS, t. The viviparous Blenny, Fife. Synon. 

CUSSER, CoosKR, t. V. CnusouR. 

CUST, s. Perhaps abbrov. of Cnstroun, q. v. 

CUSTELL PEXXIE, *• A due tlie lUiilive claimrs out 
of the goods of the di^cea.<ed.'' .MS. Kxplicatlou of 
Norish words, Orlcn. Shctl. Y. Best Aucht. 


CUSTODIER, 9. One who has any thing in trust, in 
order to its being carefully kfpt ; a de})Osit;irj, S. 
The Altltot. — h. D. cuttodiar-ius, custo.s ; Dii (^aiij:*'. 

CUSTOM AR, Ci.'jsTOMEB, t. Ouc who received duty on 
goods, S. Act* Ja. JV. 

CUSTRIL, KoosTBiL, *. A sort of fool or silly ftllow, 
Roxb. — 0. E. custreU denoted the senant of a man- 
at-arms ; and 0. ¥. costireaux, iK:a!>antry outlaw^. 
V. CrsTBorx. 

CUSTROUN, f. A low-l)om follow ; porhaji.s a bep^r. 
P<Uwart.—0. Fr. cotstronj batard, enfant illegitime ; 
01. Ro<|uefort. 

CUSTU3IABLE, CcsTOMinLE, adj. Tliis word, 1)C- 
sides signifying, at in E , '•according to custom. " 
(V. Spoltisw. Suppl. Dec. p. ii09,) al.vj ii«-notes what 
i* sul)J<-ct to Uie psiymcnt of aufom. Hkene. 

CUSTU3IARIE, ». The office of the cuelom.s. ActfJa. 
r.— Fr. cmutumerie, id. 

To CUSTUME, V. a. To exact cu.^tom for ; to !su)>jf:ct 
to taxation, Ib'd. 

CUT, s. A lot. To draw cutf, to determinu by lot. 

CUT. I. A certain quantity of vam, S. Statist. Atv. 


CUTCIIIN. ofij. Cowanlly ; knocking under. The 
nme with E. couching. V. Couciier. 

CUTE, rooT, CriTT, *. The ancle, S. Lyndtay, Dun- 
bar. — Teut. kyte, sura. 

To Let oxb Culb his CtrrEs. To leave one to wait 
in a situation where be is exposed to tlie cold ; a 
phrase common among the vulgar ; as, " / Ut him 
euU kiscuUsAt thedore," or "in the lobby." 



▲ doe. 


Acti Jo. 

TL—k. a do. 

)AT, t. 


QfiSard. T. Day. 

Ikftp* A nsall portkm or pf eee ; from A. 8. 

ialon, or docl, » portion, I belnf qoieiceiit 

1 of mmny woids in 8. 

. Demr, in price ; compftr doorer, snpeil. 

iberd. T. Dabbak. 

»ACB, «. ck 1. To pedE, u birds do, 8. J. 

I. To prick. Popular So/I.— Tent daM-<fi, 

, fodicnre. 

. Aamkefromthebeakorsbln!, S. 2. A 

di. O-cidUoR. 

«. A stroke or blow, Bochan.— Protiebly a 

om JDdft, a stroke. Gael, diobadk^ boverer, 

:, a point. 

B, DsTsa, V. a. To oonfoond or stnpify one, 

If CO tapidlj tbat one cannot understand 

aid, IKiinfr. — lliis seems to be merelj a pn>> 

aricty of DmuTt Daiver^ «. a. 

B« « «. To Jar ; to wrangle, Aberd.— GaeL 

i signifles " to battle, to encounter ;*' Shaw. 

s. fl. Half, Holy, or Hellf, Dabbia. 1. 

ignation stIU given, in Gailoway, to the 

ed in the Sacnunent of the Lord's Sapper. 

oC baked in the form of a loaf, bat in cakes 

are geneiallj galled Skcrtbread, 2. The 

SBC stiU firen in Edinburgh to a species ot 

ltd with batter, otherwise called PtUieoat- 

Ihindec, Htiy Dtmpia. — Thej have ob- 
been denominated Dabbiet, as being punc- 
Mn the ▼. to Dab ; and Holy, HeUy, or Holy, 
eoosecrated to a religious ase. 
CK, t. 1. '* A kind of long sea-weed,** 01. 
tim. 2. "Any wet dlrtj strap of cloth or 
ibid. In this sense it is often used to sig- 
ng% of a tattered garment, from its resembl- 
oog sea -weed. 8. Applied to the hair of the 
ten banging in lanki tangled, and separste 
id. 8yn. BAODiaLOGKa.' 
ff. In imp ; a Uttle devU. Watson'g CM. 

(fiuU.)M. A puny dwarfish creature, Buchan. 
rith AblaA, Wary-drag, Ac->GaeI, doocA, 
ikle ; Tent, doefee, a puppet, 
s. Straggle, Ang. Boa. 
BR, DsiKsa, V. a. 1. To search ; to exa- 
> search for stolen goods, 8. B. Boa. 2. 
ge ; to gnpple, 8. B. Poemt Buck. Dial. 

To toil as in Job work. 01. Sibb. 4. To 
s peddling way ; to truck ; to barter, 8. 6. 
f htly employed, 8. 6. To be engsged about 
e of work in which one does not make great 

8. 7. To stroll, or go about in a careless 
not haring much to do, Bozb. Heart Mid- 
. To go about in a fei^le or infirm state, 
. 9. To Daiker on, to continue in any situa- 
te be en^agM in any business, in a state of 
oo whether to quit it or not; to hang on, 
Roy. 10. To Daiker wp (ke Gate, to Jog or 
riy op a street, 8. Ibid.-- Gael, d e adka ir -am, 
; flam, deatkertu, to fly about, 
c 1. Empmm; beiUatioa; applied both 

to inanimate ot^ects, and to the mind, 8. B. 2. The 
fsding of the fire. OL Swrv. Nairt^ 

DAGKLIB, adj, 1. Of a swarthy complexion. Ayrs. 
2. Pale ; haTing a sickly appearance, ibid. — Isl. 
dauck^, doeck-r, obscurus. It is couJoined with 
many other words ; as, daukJMar, nigro-coeruleus, 
daik-blue ; dauldcraiudrr, nigro-ruber, dark-red, Ac. 

DACKLIN, part. pr. 1. In a state of doubt, 8. B. 2. 
Slow ; dilatory, 8. B. 

DAClkLiN, 9. A slight shower ; " a daddin of rain," 

To DAGBB one, «. a. To inflict corporal punishment 
on one ; as, " III daere ye," spoken Jocosely, Dumfr. 

DAD, «. A laige piece. Y. Dawd. 

DAD. Dad a bit, not a whit ; a minced oath, dad 
being expL as equlTslent to deril, Meams. Taylor's 
8. Poenu. 

To DAD, Daud, v. a. 1. To thrash, 8. B. Saxcn and 
Gad. 2. To dash ; to drive forcibly, 8. Kno». 3. 
To throw dirt so as to bespatter, 8. J. Nieol. 

DAD, 9. 1. A sudden and violent motion or stroke. 
It is also used to denote a blow given by one person 
to another, (Hlloway, South of 8. Baansay. 2. Used 
to deoote the act of beating with the hands, as ex- 
pressive of a plaudit, Dumfr. Siller Gun, 

To DAD Dews, v. n. To fall or rink down, forcibly 
and with noise, 8. Bamsay. 

DADDIB, 9. A father ; the term most commonly used 
by the children of the peasantry, 8. Song HerSs 

DADDIN8, 9. pi, A beating ; Pte Qi'4 you your dad- 
din9, 1 will beat yon, Fife. 

To DADDLE, Daidlb, v. a. 1. To diaggle, 8. 2. To do 
any work in a riovenly way, Ang. 

To DADDLE, Daidlb, «. n. 1. To be slow in motion 
or action, 8. 2. To wsddle ; to wriggle, S. 3. To be 
feeble or apparently unfit for exertion, 8. 4. To dod- 
dle and drink, to tipple, 8. 6. Applied to one ad- 
dicted to prostitution, Ayr. V. Dawdik. 

DADDLE, Daddub, «. A pinafore, a larger sort of 
bib, 8. 

2b DADE. Perhaps to suck. 

To DAPF, «. n. 1. To be foolish. Polwart. 2. To 
make sport, Lanarics. 8. To toy, rather conveying 
the idea of wantonness, Ayrs. 8. D., 8. 0. Picken's 
Poems.— Sax. dav-en, Insanire ; Su. O. do/w-a, 
sensu privare, do/n-a, stupere. 

DAFFERY, «. 1. Romping ; frolicksomeness, 8. 2. 
Thoughtlessness ; folly, S. B. Bosi. 

DAFFIGK, s. A coarse tub or trough, Orkn. 

DAFFIN, DArriKO, «. 1. Folly in general, S. Bam- 
9ay. 2. Pastime ; gaiety, 8. Lyndsay. S. Exces- 
rive diversion. Kelly. 4. Matrimonial intercourse. 
S. P. Bepr. 6. Loose conversation ; smutty lan- 
gusge, 8. Old Mortalily. 6. "Dallying ;" indeli- 
cate toying, S. 01. Skirr^. 7. Derangement; 
frensy. MelviU's MS. 

DAFFING, part adj. Merry ; gay ; light-hearted, S. 
Petticoat Tola. 

Dkrr, adj. 1. Delirious ; stupid, 8. Bdlenden. 2. 
Foolish ; unwise, 8. I^yndsay. 8. Giddy ; thought- 
less, 8. Diallog. 4. Playful; innocently gay, 8. 
Bamaay. 6. Gay to excess, 8. Boa. 0. Wanton, 
8^ ShHrrefi. 7. Extremely eager for the atUln- 


DAF 1 

Bt It, B. — 1)1. dai</T, dow/t, fkiuoc, >uliiH<Ut ; B-a. 

li. iatf. duiililui. 
DAFT DATS. Tha CbrlUau bsUdiyi, and 0mm %\ 

Urn Ncv-Kar. B. ttravm. 
DAFTISH, luV. In lOuiD iligiM tlennfltO, S. A 

CArrLi, «fa. 1. rooUihij, a. Ai~ns. 2. m«- 

DAITUKK, Old*. 1. UailDt ttais anwoD™ °t MIf . 
B. fiwuay. V. BaviBKxnuv^oriwkwudippm- 
inM, S. Bata. %. KeKBbllDt dBiangsiiiiDl, 8. OoU. 

1>APTXEB9;(. 1. roolWuuK. .Up. ffdnllfcwi. 2. 
Ffetnicy ; InvDitj^ 9. £nM<L 
I TbDAO.i.o. To iboot ; lo IH Of. JCwh. 

^ DAQ, r. n. To nlD K^atlf ; uscil im[KinonKllT. Jfi 

Tign ; 8w. dtiiip-a) to ddntc. 

DIOOIE, 111(1. DriBliDg. 

chuuleiiud bjr tK^bt n 
Ta DAGOLE, t. n. Tofd 
DAQOUH, I. A louDfvr 
DAOB, 1. A InUop ; ■ d 

ToiloM.— ThU ■ 

BBoae t,, onlj ttltr«Ine In ptkiudcIaUdi 

it^ "HClotllorvAtB* canDplfl^drhqitEn, till 
iver tbi buds gf prluHi [fanmu ,' Ctil«c. 

!d *iUi it ; KA, j| montA'r liaiF, (he»p«»of 
A yfor't (idy, tlie fpue of a jf&t, 
FAt day, ■ Scoitldi Idiom Corft-day ; u, Ifeu 

Mi nmm, Uie phnue tpiuliblj nuit In o 
J«rl4DB4ac« for lD.]DarT«ir. 
WAV. 1. Tn malii day and way «*{ ,- 

tut QcFuwrr, opicially vhen tbtj d< 

till DigbirBii. e, 

DAVDAW, t. Dm 01 <Ut, File.— Ti*k 

ilmliin. V. D»*, 1-. 
DAT-NETTLES, Otait nitlUa, ui bob, S 

raoD OQuDi dk*(ii>ftilflb 
L \a Don ccotnllr me 
ininfsltMloriaud noEw. 


B. Joe Ad 

ro trrne i a, v. Du-hj. 

mcui-atilnis] ; pullU- 

nlnuiu. S. Old MarlalUg. 
DAIQB, IiiDii.1, Dough, S. Amuay.— A. 

''ThD Tuln will nuko (thai ind)iliwA(|iln.' 
DAIOHtE, 1, 1. l>oi«h;, t. 3.»A-, lav 

tItuU at tpirll, B. S. A)>pll*il to (Ub fn 

ID of ■ mm ; dapo, lo oome l 
riS. A cnmipttsl tpiUlBC or 

■dE of tncDlDU «l Oil «u 

td lAipnuvd with tbv Arun a 

PAVrtHlS. >. pi. Dcbti, Aia^. Kri. 

hud." to H^ootb down lbs tailr.'Hcani 
■ proilnclal praauneiiUan, Uld obllqw 
B, *, in »K». 
TVi DAIKBR, «. n, T. Diomi. 

UAIKINB, (nUrf. Ad uclUHIIaD « 
OillMt^.— riila 1i uudoubicdlT ilic I 
dCcAwu; wbEch, Hccordltv lo ^. Job 
'■impDil Dii»ta Ibc nme wtUi lbs d 
ClTHlldnnUin, <. I, lilllo devIL 

DAIKIT. pari, fia, " It bi> ue'f r b«n . 

Tu Bin Vila. To ba 

tatleoid lot lbs bule 
UAIL, t. * 8(ld, rifa.— Tom. ^ 

dail.-ea.G.dal. 1d.;Clul. iliil, "BplBliin 
DAILY-UUD. Tb> dUi-clout. V. Pdd. 
DATUOAtTN, t. Tht twilight. Thlg 1i 

onl; icrm urrd In Uils ainH In C1M«. : q. ilarI«A( 

«i|{ii or roId;, Sfaoa. Olatmln. 




To DAIMI3» V. a. To stun, Aberd. The flame with 
DammiMht q. r. 

DAINB, a4j. Gentle ; modest ; lowly.— Perhaps from 
the Vr. ▼. daionrer, to Yonchsafe. 

DAINSHOCH, a4/. Nlee er squeamish ; puling at one's 
food, Fife, Berwlcks. B. dcKnCy.— Clael. deanmh- 
aaaehj prim, bears some resemblance. 

DAINTA, Daixtis, tnterj. It avall» not, Aberd. JBots. 
TeuL dim-eHt to arail, and intet^ nothing. 

DATNTE", «. Regard. WyiUovm. 

DAINTESS, «. A nirltf ; a Aelicacj^ Aug.— It appears 
to be merely a corruption of the s. Daintith as used 
in the pluzal. 

DAINTY, «. 1 . Large, as applied to inanimate objects ; 
as, A daintjf kebbuek^ a large cheese, 8. 2. Plump 
and thriving, as regarding a child, 8. It Is also used 
of adults in the same sense with ttately in 8. ^ 
dainty bird^ indeed, a large or well-grown person, 8. 
B. S. Nearly as synon. with E. etmdy, 8. 4. Plea- 
sant; good-humoured, 8. 6. Worthy; excellent, 8. 
Bumu. 6. liberal ; open-hearted. Ske'i a dainty 
noijt ; A^ll no iet you awa* tawte-handitt 8. This 
sense is very common in the North of 8. 7. It is 
sometimes used ironically; Thai U a dainty 6tY, 
truly I applied to a scanty portion, 8. B. — ^Isl. daindi, 
ezcellenter bonum quid ; dandis madr, homoTirtuo- 
sns ; rendered in Dan. en brav ttiand, 8. a&raw man ; 
perfectly synon. with '* a dainty man." 

DAINTITH, t. A dainty, 8. Kdly. 

DAJON-WABSTER, t. A linen-weaver, Ayrs. 

To DAIR AWAY, v. n. To roam ; to wander ; applied 
to sheep, forsaJcing their usual pasture, Roxb. — It 
may be merely a softened, provincial pronunciation 
of Daver, Daiver, to become stupid. 

DAIR6IE, «. The entertainment given to the com- 
pany after a funeral, Ang. Probably a corr. of 
J>irffe, B. T. Daxor. 

DAIS, s. y. Diis, and CHlMBmAnana. 

CniMBEm Of Dais. Y. Chambradkcsb. 

DAYS,i>{. A' the Dayt of the Week^ a game among 
children. Y. Birds. 

DAYS of LAW, Lawdatis. The term of the session, 
or the time when those are summoned to attend, 
who have Interest In a court of Justice. Wallace. — 
Isl. Ia(hda4f, dies lege praefinitas. 

DAIS'D, part. pa. A term applied to wood, when it 
t>eglns to lose its proper colour and textui-e, S. Y. 
Dasx, v. 

DAISE, i. 1. The powder, or that part of a stone 
which- Is bruised In oocsequence of the strokes of 
the pick-axe or chisel, Ang. 2. To get a daite^ to 
receive such Injury as to become rotten or spoiled ; 
applied to clothes, wood, Ac. Y. Dasb, Daisb, v. 

To DAISE, V. a. To stopify. Y. Dasb. 

To DAISE, V. n. 1. To wither ; to become rotten or 
spoiled, from keeping, dampness, Ac, Boxb. 2. To 
be cold or benumbed, ibid. Y. Dasb, «. 

DAISIE, Daizik, adf. Applied to the weather ; as, 
**a daitttfday,** a cold, raw day, without sunshine, 
Boxb. Dumfr. — Perhaps as having the power to be- 
numb, from DoM, Daiee, v. 

DAISING, «. A disease of sheep, called also Pining 
and VanquiA, 8.— Isl. das, languor, do^-ot. Ungues- 

DAY-8KY, t. The appearance of the tJtcy at break of 
day or at twilight, Ettr. For. 

DAIT, t. Determination ; destiny. Wallace. 

To DAIYEB, V. a. 1. To stun, Ac, 8. Y. Daubb 2. 
This term la tiaed in an Imprecation. — Daiver ye, I 

which seema equivalent to the unwarrantable lan- 
guage of wrath, '* Confound yon," Dumfr. 

DAIYILIB, ado. Listtessly ; lAuaricB.— This is evi- 
dently formed tnta the old adj. Awe, q. v., synon. 
with Isl. 8u. Q. dauf, stupidus. See its cognates 
under Dowr and Daw. 

DAYWBRK, Dawxbk, Dabk, «. 1. A day's work. 
Wyntown. 8. darg. 2. This term seems to have 
been used, In a secondary sensci to denote a oertain 
qoanti^, as being the result of the labour or work of 
a day.— A. 8. daegtoeare, id. Y. Dabo. 

DAKYR, «. The same with Daiker, q. v. 

DALE, «. Part ; interest ; management. To Have 
Dale. Y. Dail, «. L 

DALEIR, t, A doUar.— Teut. daler, id. 

DALE-LAND, s. The lower and arable ground of a 
district, from dote, a valley. 

DALS-LANDBR, Dalb-max, «. An Inhabitant «f the 
lower ground, Clydesd. 

DALESMAN, «. An Inhabitant of a small vaUey or 
dote, 8. A. Hogg. 

DALK, «. Yarietles of date day, sometimes a/miman 
day, 8. Statist. Account. 

DALL, s. A large cake, made of sawdust, mixed with 
the dung of cows, Ae., used by poor people for fuel, 

DALL, s, A sloven, Ayrs. — Perhaps originally the 
same with Daw, properly a sluggard ; in a secondary 
sense, a drab. 

DALLISH, adj. Slovenly, Ibid. 

DALLY, «. The stick lued sometimes In binding 
sheaves, Border. 

DALLY, s. 1. A girl's puppet, 8. B. £. doU. 2. A 
painted figure. Morison, 

DALLIS, 8p. «. V. Dawns. Godly BeAl. 

DALLOP, t. Train's Mountain Muse, Y. Doollodp. 

DALMATYK, s. A white dress worn by kings and 
bishops ; at times by priests and deacons. Wyntown. 
Thus denominated, as being brought from DahnaJtIfi. 

DALMES, s. Damask cloth. Inventories. 

DALPHYN, s. The name of a French gold coin In our 
old Acts. Y. DoLPHiv. 

DALT, s. The designation given. In the Hebrides, to 
a foster child.— Gael, daltany id. 

* DAM, s. Improperly used to denote what is other- 
wise called a mUl-lead, Kinross. 

DAM, s. The quantity of urine discharged at once ; a 
term generally applied to children, 8. 

To Max one*s Dam. To urine. 

To Ttkx ont^s Dam. To bcpiss one's self, 8. Bums. 

To DAM, V. n. To urine. Maitland Poems. 

DAM ALL COMBRONB. A designation anciently given 
to the usher of a grammar school. 

DAMBRODED, adj. Having square figures. Also 
called diced. 

DAMBROD. Y. Dams. 

DAMMAGEU8, ad/. Injurious. Bellenden. 

DAMMER, s. A miner, S. 

DAMMERTIT, part, ad^j. Stupid, Renfr. Synon. 
Doitt'f.- Perhaps from Teut. dtm, stupid, and aerd, 
Belg. aart, nature, disposition ; q. of a stupid nature. 

DAMMES, Dammas, s. Damask-work. 
DAMMIN abd la YIN*. A low poaching mode of 
catching fish in rivulets, hj*dam.ming and diverting 
the course of the stream, and then laving or throwini 
out the water, so as to get at the devoted prey, 8. 
DAMMYS, s. The city of Damascus. 
DAMMYS, Dammms, s. Damage. GL Slbb— V 


A poithn oT Und borderiiiE on a dam 
m tqalnieat to L«nL Sir- Dmiitlai- 

plUmrotsTMilJoT, urof' 

ft chlla'i 107. T. Lvri, 

DANDER, Dtuiri*, k 

wlistner wtrt B. Jt, QaCouKiv. V. Duicrr. 
fiANDtBTICHAN, t. A hi>Uaw •■nkc on luj pai 

Bt thi balri Fire 
To DANDII.L, •>. n. Tg t" At»ut Uilr. flunl.— Ti 

ilamldl-*. ■' U (8 niilnj LII-fBuutall^," Col«ir. 
DAND1LI.V. DUDiLT. a4S- OtIeI'mMd, >Bp<clBlli Is 

luNDKtNO, EmLtllDji nn uneqnd wuni]. 

alLjr Ibc •WHS slih E. Drntflr. m JmmIb 
hoc; of DmlMa,— Tbi gn*iu I* U. rfaa 

uf Hid aa. Q. dnmffl-tf, 4imal-», ^udtita. 


Umldsle. ffmfi CbU.— Vt. doiW, dmMr. Id. 
DAPILL, adj. Feili^i, MTm ; lunk.— OuL Uip<l 

DAPPBRPy, a4i. or diapered, 01 ntlegilirf WMOlra 

Ta DAEB (pnjD. doacj, •. «. To >t »rr«ld . 10 Mud 

La arc. An;;. — Sv. ddfr^ M qmitev I* crvoiblD. 
TO DAKI. Perbipi id bun. Sir ffanw. V. DiH. 
DAim, o^t. BMpld . did). ifHlM.— do. 0. iIm-i, 

DABE-TUB-DIBL, 1. One whs (lan tiDtliInc uul 
■ha Kill (El^nipl mnf lhlD(, S, Vanrliii, 

DARO, DiBE.1 1 AdBr'>*«k.S. Aauuilljdaf- 
wri. q. T. £fi(. ^omsl. 3. A ceium qiunutjr 

Kell^. i. TntDiTerTBl 

gniuid vtt nktefe 1 

DASO-DAYS, 1 jd. CoUut 1 

inhei of dkfi M Un 

diyf, 1 e.. difi 9f<ttrk, S. D. Dlrtm. fl4iuUyiMP 
pAHUKR^i. A dar-lalnuTf r, B. M<i«. Btr<Srr. 

Diutvivo, r, Tlic wrk vf a da7>lalMi4n 

Bfii mi — <■ 
■or uuuK SB;^ 

1. Ta hUe oni-'t 





PARN, Dabxb, Dbes, a4j' Bacret, S. WaUace. 
WavtrUg. /» dsm, adr. In aeoret. BanmUyne 

DABN, t. A dlBeM« of catUe, mid to be canaed bj 
eating the Weod Anemone, Aberd. Also oaUed 
Biimki Jkamt q. ▼. Agr. Surv. Kincard. 

DARRAB, a4j. 1. Dearer. Abp. Hamaunm. 2. 
Higher in price, 8. B. 

To DARREN, v. a. to proroke. Jkmalai.^A. 8. 
dearr-itHt andere. 

DARREST, mperi. 1. Most dear ; most beloved. 2. 
Highest in price. Bal/. Praet, 

To DA 80 AN, v. n. To contemplate ; to scan; Surd. 
— Lat. de, and aoofido, whence B. scan. 

To DASB, Daisk, v. a. 1. To stopify, 8. Wyntown, 
2. To benumb. Douglas. The part is frequently 
used to express the dulness, stupor, or insensibill^ 
prodooed by age. One is sidd to be dai^d who is 
superannuated. 3. The part dated, daised, datedt 
is applied to any thing that has lost itsflresbnessand 
BtTCsigth. Daited Wvdf rotten wood, 8.— Sn. Q. 
dot-o, languere, date, stupldns. 

DASB. On date, aliTe, q, on dayt. Qawan and CM. 

To DA8H, e. a. 1. To flourish in writing, 8. 2. To 
make a great show, 8. 

DASH, t. 1. A flourish in writing, 8. 2. A splendid 
appearance, 8. Fergunon. 

DASH, 9. A Daak & vfut, a sudden &11 of rain, Dnmfir. 
Roxb. Y. Blish, s. 

DASH, Dasbik, «. A hat, cap, Ac. ; a cant term, 

DASH TOU. An imprecation, Loth. 8yn. Dise you. 

DAS KANB, i. Singing in parts, llontgomerie. — 
Lat. d<scaii<-«a. 

DASS, t. 1. Dau of a hay-stack, that part of It that 
iscot off with a hay-knife, Loth. 2. A dau rfeom, 
that which is left In the barn after part is removed, 
Fife.— 0. B. da*, a heap of grain ; Tent. <a«, id. 

DASS, ». A stratum of stones, S. Statist. Account. 

DASS, s. A onall landing-place, Selkirks. 

To DATCH, V. a. To Jog ; to shake, 8. B. Perhaps 
originally the same with E. dodge. 

DATCHEL-LIKE, adj. Having a dangling appearaoce; 
as, " How datckel'like he looks I his plaid is torn," 

DATCHIB, a4j. 1. Penetrating ; applied to intellec- 
tual powers, Ayrs. 2. Sly ; cunning, ibid. 8. Hid- 
den ; secret, ibid.— Shall we trace this to 0. Goth. 
doe, denoting excellency and wit, skill, knowledge, 
like dae-wenn, dae-fryd-r, eximie formosus f 

To DATCHLB, v. n. I. To waddle, Fife. Synon. 
Haingle^ Henghle, 2. To walk in a careless manner, 
with clothes not adapted to the shape of the wearer, 
ibid. Evidently a dimin. from Datch, v., q. v. 

* DATE, g. To gie DaU and Grte^ to give preference, 

DATIVE, s. A power legally granted to one to act as 
executor of a Utter will, when it is not confirmed by 
the proper heirs, S. Acts Sedt. 

DAUB, s. A dash ; a sudden stroke, 8. Apparently 
from the B. v. to DaiA, to besmear. 

DAUOH, f. "A soft and bUck substance, chiefly of 
clay, mica, and what resembles coal-dust." Uri's 
Hist, of RutkergUn. This seems to be the same 
with Daile, q. ▼. 

DAUD, t. A laig« piece. V. Dawd. 

PAUIHIKi, a4J. Shabby in appearance, Lanark s. 
Ihn tk« same origin with Dawdie, q. v. 
■L UiOtta; inactive. Dunbar. Y. Daw. 

DATBL, DsTSL, t. A atanning blbw, 8. 01. Slbbi 
To DAVBL, DavBL, o. a. To strike with violence,. 

West of 8. TamiaMl. 
DAYBLIN, t. The flat planks on the eentves, for sup-- 

porting the arch-stones of bridges, during the time of 

their being built, Ayrs. 
2b DAT7BR, DAivie, 9. ai 1( R> stun ; t» stnpify, 

Loth< 2. To weaken, 
lb DAUBR, DAivm, n. n. T. To become stupids 

Buret. 2. To be binumbed, 8. B. Joum. homA. 3. 

To go out of one's road frmn stiqwr, Ang. Synoa. 

ttaiver, St. KatUeen. — So. Q. daur-a, in&tnare ; 

Teutto daver-eny tremere. 
DAIPBRT, part. adj. 1. Knocked down- ; stnplfled, 

Roxb. 2. Become senseless, from whatever caose, 

DAUOH; pret. v. Had ability, Renfrewa: A^. Vbe 

same with Dought. Train. 
DAUOH, s. A certain division of land, determined by 

its being able to produce forty-eight bolls, 8; B. Y. 

DAUOH, t. A very heavy dew, or drisaling rain, 

Stlrlinga. Synon. DeVt Angus, Z^ouIe, Fife. Hence 

the adj. Doughy. Y. Dawk and Dawkt. 
DAYIE, «. Dimin. of the name David, 8. 
DAUK, a4j- Dark ; murky, Buchan. Tarras.—lti. 

daudk-r, doedc'T, Qiger, obscnrus. 
DAUKY, adj. Moist ; damp. Y. Dawk. 
DAULER, t. A supine, delicate person, Roxb. Evi- 
dently allied to Daudie. 
DAUNIB, «. The abbrev. of Danid^ 8. . 
DAUNTIT, jNirf. pa: Broken in, V^ Daxtoii, «. 
DAYOO, s: A dimin. of David, 8; Oi Burnt. 
DAUPET, DAuriT, DAWFrr, part. a^j. 1\ " Silly ; in- 
active." 01. 8tm>. Ayrs. 2. "Stapid ; oncoacemed; 

foolish.** au Pieken. 8. In a state of mental im- 

becili^, Ayrs. — Moes. G. daubata, sensn carens; 

Su. G. dofvha, stupefiaoere ; Isl. dap^ur, deflciens, 

moestus. Y. Dowr. 
To DAUR, V. n. To be aftmid ; to stand In awe, Ang. 

Fife. Y. Dakb. 
DAUR, s. A feeling of awe or fear, ibid. 
To DAUR tfpon, v. a. To afl'ect ; to make impression, 

Aberd. Y. Dbbb tipon. 
To DAUT, t>. a. To fondle, 8. Y. Dawt. 
DAUTING, DAUTKiiro, s. The act of fondling. Dunbar. 
To DAW, V. n. To dawn. WaUace. This v. Is still 

used in the West of 8. In 0. B. It seems to have 

borne a sense neariy allied. — A. 8. doe^^n, Sw. 

dag-as, lucescere. 
DAW, s. Day.— O. B. daioe. 
DwNB OP Daw. Dead. Wyntown. 
DAW, Da, «. I. A sluggard, 8. Douglas. 2. Appro- 
priated to a woman, as equivalent to B. drab, 8. B. 

iC^Uy.— Isl. daa, defect, fainting ; deliqulum animi. 
DAW, s. An atom ; a particle, 8. B.— Anc. Gtoth, daa, 

DAW, s. A cake of cow's dung, baked with coal-dross, 

and, when dried in the sun, used by the poor for fuel, 

DAW, t. Used in Ayrs. to denote a trull or bad 

woman. Although DaU might seem to be the same 

word, it is used simply for a sioven. 
DAWACHE, Davooh, Davach, s. A considerable tract 

of land ; a small dlhtrict, including several ox-gangs, 

8. QMon. Att.—QMi. damk, pron. dav, an ox, and 

ack, field. Y. Dacoh. 
DAWATTT, s. A thin, flat turf ; a ditet. 
To DAWCH (guU.), e. a. To moisten, as wllli dev 


d«Ap, Ajn. — bl. dotgg-VQ, 
DAWCB. Diw. oitf. 

BAWD, Dxijp» 1- A euiiflldaivbfy l«i^ fiax of >u]' 
thlnjt. B. Kdfy.— til. Mdifa, ponlo, toiguj. 

DAWDOE. t. A MtWrdnnlliui, Luarki. Tlili >p]>»- 
RsUjr eUIii» the HUDe ortfiD vltb BainDf, i|. i. II 
■ur b* ohwmit lliol K. ilawilla l> ifD. wllh our 

DAWSIR, 1. A dlrij. ilmeulj womui, S, D. O, K 

ri«Bil)r, — 111. itabda <lf>n>i^ (oouclU kgaava. 
n*WPII, a<IJ. »ov*alT, iluuiih, B. B. 
7^ DAWDLK, v. H. Tb K IndoleDl or tlorenlj, I^nli 


U, Tha phnite appan M b 

.« Usiiif of (ntiiw 


VAW'FIsn, (. Toe Bnuucr iMg-nnn. uitn. snny 

UAWUUU, (Ktf. Hslat i lUiDp ; u, " k daavkfi daj 

AT". V.B.™,. 
DAWIKffi. (. pj. AppcrToUT • COTT. of tamkU, 

DAWINa,!. ViiTDDrdaT. Borbwr,— A. 3, ( 
rK, i. A dtlBillDE n\a, FIte. LotU. Ajri. 

DAWLSSS. ■.(/. Uif : luellTi ; dntlutg oT «r 



dMHtaitbei; LDuiu 
DAWNER, Diuau, i. 
PAWPIT.jHiM. adj. 

DAWKb.i. "ApiuborBliig." 01. Ab»i. Slib 
MUt.Fett. V. Diu, t. 

DAWBtLdtU. BIUpldADaiD«UT«. lAlh. IICB 

sf hodilji inr|»r.— Pnibabl; all 

KUlu anulMlw. 
DAWTIE, UiwTi, I. I. KlnlDSB 1 
DiaUiar. 3- A tUrliDf ; a rkmuriu, S, 
To imni 11 oia; appur thai 8, ilcnvltc m 

DA WTO, Daoth). jan. pa. 
To DI, Out, I. a. To die. J 
IXmitsbk. Killid. Omalai 
CBAD, I. Doalta. wllh ib com 
URAD-KHACK. i. A li><id lU 

lODDce thi ituh ot 
■mil nladoB or ih> pasa aliA hcan li i bat pio- 
bai>l J uniing (nun ripaua'an In «aI1ii(. EL 

DEAD-LOWH, o^t'. ConplHdMUUl : appUxl to ilw 
aunotpbcnp, IdbarkJL V, Loew, oif/. 

DRAD MEH'B BKLU, Vacfloiri, B. 

DEAI) UBN-a 8&00N. To imU/i- dud ivii-i^kMii. 

DEAD lUPK, o.^. So ri^ ihal aD fiwOi luUMaanI, 

8. Mtr. Sitn. C. /aA. 
UEAti-SlrElft. b4/. Eiucncljatlnru wcMrtlon; 

• ilaiT vlf ongvemlwl, e. STsUy 
DEaD-TIIRAW. I, Tlie lalt aguubt ot apHat at- 

lire V. C»imAi>. 
DKAF, oitr. J., rial, •pTiInl to kU, &— Sil O. dnufi 

>onJ. trm nurllii. 3, WllMudneWdtll/aioneD 

kplilied w KBila, S,— A, 8. ila^ i 

•Isnlii. J. HsUvd ; at, a dM/ait, i 

oet iidKajDd, 8 — T*ul. Jwrenusi, 
DBAh DU1.U r^lamlj, (, A Air)! 

dlntinct panlnn. Jcu J'a. r/.— A 

Unnea. V. DlIL, DliLUt. 

SEAM.t. A i!ltl. BenrlGlti 
vid inncmlJi tipnaaiie 

dniiituladir^aiii. Id. 

InrnqiUtl rrom B, dHv. 
'(aaile or loolampl or di>|)lca>ur(. 
t. A calliiT. i>[nitFlai —Lac 

A bollaw where (he groaixl idopca 
Slal, Jdi. S. A •oiall laUfj, S. 


I. A dwarf. ^Hrgnm. 
. A inMihfvi: adarti 

ITH-UAP. I. A ipedu oT (un(in ulilch Is In 
I reHublo a boal. nmhttlt In S. otUfd a cap, 
alniegaDUIIilifrof u«l>. Cam if Oimnt, 

DEARTHPll'. «(j. Bl|h-(irU»l. S.«, Butm. 

llSX».i. A Imf-Hat OD lilt oauldo or • Doiage. V. 

DKAStK, (Ml*. " A ttwafr daf." • coUl, rww, owxini- 

Fortalile dar, Roib T. Ihislii. 
DBAMII, DfiBnau. ntu-iut,, ooDlnr; la *tt4w 
(, (. HoUon acuonllag to Ibe eoune gl IIm laa, 

DEATII.nANDLE, 1. TUg ii-ptannn el «liat la 
Tiewtd hf Iha ivigu u a pnumatval llglil, firing 
■amine of OeMU. S. SI. KalXltn. 
DBATH-ILL. i. UorUil ikliDHa. T. DtDl-lu.. 

d fntkapa mm 
Tba last IniplnUou ef a djlng 

Tt URATE, «, n. 7a dnfcn. T. D 
ISAW. T. n. To ralu gniUr ; 
S, dua^^oH. BcIe, iIciiii.«. bl. 
DRBAID, (, IkOBT' Barfirmr. 

UKIIATT, <. d. TopntHL BdhndM. 
roDKBAtT. * a. Tolmer. Dnele 
To DKBAIT, g. a. To ba dUlieni i 
(. ArllndM.—>M*<r«. U 
Ti> DEBAtT. •. H. Whtn OBI liu at 

1 a> he ileciiu aamslem, aud (blaliB I 




hcf down his knife and foric, he soDfltlniM mfn, PU 

dtbait now, S. A. 
PKBATTMENT, «. Contention. Paiiei Homtmr.^Vt, 

debaUment, id. 
DSBATXABLB, a^. A dAaieaiiU per$oti^ one who 

makes a good shift to gain a Uvelihood, Gallowi^. 

Sjnon. Fendie. 
DEBATJBD, t. Departuze from the right way. 
To DSBAUSGH, v. a. To squander; to dissipate. 

Focrd, Supfi. DeD.—0. Fr. destou<A-«r, " to marre, 

oormpt, spoyle," Ck>tKr. 
To DSBORD, Dkboaeo, v. n. To go beyond proper 

bomids. More — Fr. debord-er, to exceed rule. 
BEBOBDINQ, «. Excess. 
To DBBOBH, «. n. To indulge one's self In the use of 

any thing to excess ; as tea, snuff, Ac. The prep. 

vrithy following the «. 
To DEBOUT, V. a. To thrust from. Godaaro/t.—fr. 

• DEBT, ». To come in the debt if, to break ; to des- 
troy ; to make an end of, Aberd. 
DEBTBOUND, pari. pa. Bound by engagement, or 

legal obligation. Actt Jama VJ, 
DSBTFULL, adj. 1. Due ; honest KeUh*t Bitt. 

2. Indebted. Y. Dvrr. 
To DEBUCK, «. a. To prerent any design firom being 

cairied on. A term chiefly used in the game of Nine* 

pins, Qydes. Hence, 
DEBUGTION, t. In Nine-pins, if a player strike down 

more of the pins than make up the number required 

in the game, he loses thirteen. This is called a de- 

buetion, ib. 
To DEBUBSB, «. a. To diAurse.— Fr. debowrt-€ri 

DEBUBSINa, t. Disbursement AcU Jamet VI. 
DXBI78H, i. 1. Excess; Intempersnce, Aberd. 2. 

One who Is intemperate in the use of any thing, ibid. 
DXCADEN, adj. Apt to fall. Aherd, Reg, 
To DECAID, e. %. To fail. Aberd. Beg.-^lML de 

and cad-o. 
DECAY, 9. A decline, a consumption, S. . Brand. 
DECANTED, part. pa. What is much spoken of. 

iV>rfret, Suppl. Pee. — lAt. decani-are, " to report or 

speak often." Cooper. 
DECEDENT, ». Used to denote one who has demltted 

an office. CraufurdPt HiU. Univ. Edin. — Lat 

deeed-ere, to depart, to retire. 
DECEIYERIE, «. A habit or course of deception, 

To DECERN, v. a. To adjudge. Spalding. 
To DECERN, v. n. To determine ; to pass a decree. — 

Lat. decem-ert, id. 
DECERNITURE, f. A decree or sentence of a court ; 

sometimes as enforcing payment of a debt Newbyth, 

Suppl. Pee. 
To DECEST, DaasT, Diobst, e. n. A strange ortho- 
graphy for desist. 
DECHLIT, pari. pa. Wearied out and wayworn, 

Roxb. or Clydes. — Perhaps of Welsh origin ; C. B. 

diffyffiawl, wearied. Shaw gires Gael, duaigh, as 

signifying fatigue. 
DECHT, part. pa. Dressed ; cooked. Y. Dicbt. 

Aberd. Reg. 
DECLARATOUR, DiCLiRAToa, t. A legal or authentic 

declaration ; a forensic term. ErA. Inst. 
DECLINATURE, Dbolikatoe, ». An act by which the 

Jurisdiction of any Judge, or court, is declined ; a term 

used both in ciril and in ecclesiastical courts, S. 

Erik. Inti. — Fr. dedinatoire, *' an exception taken 

j agalnit a Jodgt, or to the Juriadietion of a oonrt of 
I Josdoe f Cotgr. 

DBOOIBMXNT, DflOOEimiT, t. DeoonOkm { ornament. 
I AcU Cha. /.— Fr. deoorement. 

DECOMPONIT, port. ii4j. Decompounded ; com- 
I pounded a second time. Lat 

DBCOMPT, «. An account Atti Ja. VI. 

To DECORS, V. M. To adorn, it Bruee.^Jr. 

DECOUBTED,i>artj)a. Dismissed from court Md- 

To DBCRSIT, V. a. To decree. AcU CKa. I.-^h, B. 
cZeercf-ore, decemere, Du Gauge. 

DECREIT, DacBBST, t. The final sentence of a Judge. 
Spalding. — Lat. decrei-wn. 

DED-BSD, 9, Death-bed. Aet. Pom. Cone, 

DEDE, Dbib, t. 1. Death, 8., 0. S. Dunbar. 2. The 
cause of death, 8. MinttreUy Border. 8. It is, by 
way <rf eminence, used as denoting the pestOenct 
which desolated Europe in the middle of the four- 
teenth century. Aberd. Beg. 4. The manner of 
dying. TTyntovoii.— A. 8. ded, 8u. O. deed, id. 

DEDBpAULD, adj. Extremely old, Aberd. 

DEDE-BELL, «. 1. The passing-bell, the bell of death, 
S. Herd^9 CoU. 2. The designation giren by the 
superstitious to a ringing in the ears, 8outh of 8. 

DEDEOANDLS, s. A pretematoal light, like that 
of a candle, seen under night by the superstitious, 
and Tiewed as the presage of the death of some one. 
It is said to be sometimes seen for a moment only, 
either within doors, or in the open air ; and, at 
other times, to move slowly, firom the habitation of 
the person doomed to death, to the church-yard 
where he is to be interred, 8. B. 

DEDECHAOK, «. 1. The sound made by a wood- 
worm in houses ; so called fhmi ito clicking noise, 
and because rulgarly supposed to be a premonition 
of death, 8. It is also caUed the duukie-miU, 8. B., 
because of its resemblance to the sound of a mill. In 
E. it is denominated the deaik^wateh. Y. Eltm ill. 
2. The dinner prepured for the magistrates of a 
borough after a public execution. 

DEDS-CHAP, Dead-chap, «. A sharp stroke supposed 
to be a premonition of death, 8. Peadrtwip, synon. 

DEDB-DEAL, Dbad-dbal, t. The stretohing-board for 
a dead body, 8. Bride of Lam. 

DEDE-DOLE, t. A dole glren at fbnerals, 8., ibid. 

DEDB-DRAP, t. A drop of water falling intermit- 
tingly and heavily on a floor, viewed by the super- 
stitious as a premonition of death, 8. 

DEDE-ILL, 9. 1. Mortal sickness. TTyntown. 2. 
A deadly hurt ; a mortal injury, Aberd. 

To DEDEINYE, Dkdakx, v. n. To deign. Po%igla9, 

DEDE-LIOHTa, t. pi. The luminous appearance 
which is sometimes observed over putrescent sntmal 
bodies, and which arises probably from the disen- 
gagement of phosphorated hydrogen gas. Bladno, 

D£DE-MAN'S-SNEB8HIN, t. The dust of the common 
Puff-ball, Meams. The idea mentioned by Linnssus, 
as prevailing in Sweden, that the dust of this plant 
causes blindness, is also prevalent in this countiy. 

To DEDEN, V. n. To deign. 

DEDE-NIP, 9. A blue mark in the body, ascribed to 
necromancy. Witch'9 nip qmcm., 8.— Tout doode* 
nep, id. 

To oil ofM TBI Dui-np. 
check one, Clydes. 




VmtVt nATTfiR, itnAtn%Ant.n, t. Tli^imnnd mnltlHl 
bf N fiKTMiti ffir Mifn«> tlrmt ht^tnnt <l#iilh, whMi h« M 
(ffiiiM«> f*t fnrMi lip th* phlf«fn whirh (■ mllMtlfd In 
hi* fhrfiKt, B. /iftfA^t «vvl /HMOmot, V. Dkiik- 


tpni»K nrfrRi<n, niiAniitm«i,ii, niiATii-ftmiit.i,«. Th« 

MttiH Willi It^UrrtUff, t|. T. f/My Mnnntring.^ 
Ti*iit ivrh^l ^n, niiM'ii Timii IihMiv, irmir^ eiim iniir- 
tfiiiii', kt'.f rppHfhnrI, 9\i\\m% I<'(IiiiIIh ; f*w. rfirlr(-«i, lo 
liNwii, III rnn'M 11)1 iifilpRtn with a n»liiii ; lid. krigla^ 
nMliHin, III Mporlnll miirlliiiniliiniin. 

linhH PP \ I.H. 9. riint iwrt nr Uin irmmii nf « canilli*. 
wlilrli, rmm 111 lint Miif mHl«H|, AiIIh nvrr (ho nlft* 
til H Kcnili'liiMilfir rnrm : ilfiintnlimU^I ftiim liN iviirin- 
Mniirn lit ilin iihiivlnR< nf wraiil, |l. Ttilit, I7 Uin tiiI- 
Itun U ^IpwihI ii« n )mi||tiiwi(|i> Omt (hi* {M^nMin (d whom 
It In (iiriiiil will mMMi ilk. lly (hi* N. U U nUli^l « 
«i«^nif#*i(f rlki^. 

ItKliKRWAP. liRiTti-iiwAr. I. Th» Munr with I^U- 
H^iip. q. r ^^^^\\^ iif H. Ifi^tf. 

itnti^ rn n \ w. *. i riiii mrtintm «ir iicmh. fffrim.r^. 

\ p. rl^r^mnn, MRi^tlmr^. S. MMk( U mM (o h^ 
Vw f*^ jf.irti* rAt>tii* whi»n nnllh^r is»M nor hot, H. X 
P*y7i'M r^^ (foriil rK*\lH*, If^n UiiniiUhnl, 1^ 4 Thin 
bMin In ii^ftl i^ni^f^mlnf (h^ wmthn*. wh<^n (hi> («>iii- 
)«<*««tniv or th«» M(inoii|\hMy (« (n a iluMoa* i>ut<> lie- 
(wrrn ni««t nmt thAW. H A. H<^. 

t^VI^K on )«K\)>TtMK. (V TltK YRAR. MMvtntrr. 
«hf*n thrn^ l« no ^t«fvfAilon, ^.. RhiMIhmii ro. JVorf. 
irh.» «AWi« «lih !h<» K. phiii«*. rfourf ^f w^frt" 

I^M^K \\ \1N'«. \\^ w W XTtll. ». Th* ilr«th«-«(ch. *. 

^V^VV1^Krt<^ tVii<(U. nV»frir«^A » Wa««iV. 
^VK. t \ M^wjmnW, IaMH. TWi^(J. V. IHv. 

WV^ rtiV KM«ivx«MioA of K. T^^eM. ». 
^^VVIV ». 7*jv i^« 4efA, «|*MH mjr «n*oA. Abwft. 

|\rTr)N ^\f H r iit^ p^ifMVMT or 4kn5 Mi . i« ft l«4 

TV 1^VV1^t V. r A W 4llfNll0c »> on« iIm* an infMiL 

rr INVVr^l K r «* ^ irinr in a V«« ivT ; p>rt«^nO>. 
fr rfvW'i r^ti r^^fft F^f^ 7WA« dw^oc^nn {nl4'r> 
?r^'%?. V.-* Knvoon <*^^t%r or >)inMnin^. »n^. 
V'^*iM« 'fc^S'f. *aT*!6«^ l^-o> ••nr?nf . 'r^V Wi^ 

fVVT^N » t»- TN- <miv«ri <».^vi*-«f •Oil. *,■' »>iV>ii» 
tsi-or or\ of tW KocfofR <»f R A^%c\. % ^ ■ 4" K /h' 
♦xv *T»f« jl-«.'«vw) «NT^^ ••^"fcTii'l. ?onnc^ VWt \>i^^U 
•».^*'A^ .N«w->^ !«r<i r*'i ■■ 1>*i;*vi 

T. T^VVV •■ f* "TV- H-,x ^n; t/ i*!^'.-*. IffwWfc-im 

T*WVV\ f «i«. %'K-N *fiAew^ <*■ •i*-*'** »r. 4Mtlm«»r o' 
T»vv • ***» ,«s«^«»« ««!»: ifc-f, »i«'f' Jw»^ i" 

DRKP-flRA-BUCKIS, t. The Marez Cornens; Lonf 

Wilk. ArhuthnoCi PtUrk. Fiska. 
DKRF-flRA-CRAB^ i, Tba Caocer Anneas ; Spider 

Cnh, Ibid. 
DKRR-IIAIR, Dbrbs-IIaik, g. He«th dab-mah, a 

ciNirM upecles of pointed graas, which in Maj bearaa 

wtiTj nilnate bnt bcauUful jellow flower, 8. Minat. 

To DKVATK, «. a. To relax ; to remit BeUendtn. 

2. To defalcate, in relation to monej. Aberd. Reg. 

— Fr. df/atqu-er. 
To DKFAIMi, V. n. To wax feeble. WdLlaec—Vr. 

DKrAIHANCR, i. 1. Acquittance from a claim. 2. 

Kxcum; sublrrfuge. Acts J a. IV. 3. I>efalcatioa ; 

dnluctlon. AcU Mary.—O. Fr. des/aicte^ a riddance. 
7\i DKFAISH, Dkpbub, Dbprasb. v. a. 1. Todbchaii^, 

to free from, to aciiult of. Act. Dom. Cone. Fr. $e 

ft*/a(rf df, " (o rid or deliver bimiself from." 2. To 

dotluct. Actt Mary, 
UKPAIT, DRrAtTB, forf. pa. A term used to denote 

tho overpowoiinft effect of sickness, or fbtisue, 8. 

l^rtt^ Ahrnt. Samn and Gati.—Vr. defaict, part. 

|«. of rf^difv, to itofcat 
To HKFAI.T. «•. a. To adjudipe at culpable ; a foreoMC 

term. 5;m<. 
DKFAMKt. Infamr. IhmtH^- 
PKFA^TYT. part. pa. Forfeited. fiar6o«r.~Fr. 

dftttHl-^. to mako a defkalt. 
Til PKFKNIX r. «. To vanl ^. Kinc'i Qnair.^rr. 

dffr^-Tf!^ M. 
To PKFKR. PirrBB. r a. 1. Th;» old lav term wfrnt 

iiM^l a> noailT allied to K pfi\i or par r«;pard to. in 

rrUtion to the juApa^Ri of a cawe. or the erideore , 

nfCPMarr for ih:» end. t. It is asei where refrr 1 

motikl Kr s»b»4 luiM in nAicm lanpuc ± ; u» fntcaii. ^ 

— Fr. rf'/i*^"-*^ a ftn app'^. "U-aiifciL ailz^. orac- I 

crpi of . to px-e may ur.uv aa apf^falr :*" C<ȴr. a. t 

U M^cfnn alMO to sipz-lft. to ofrr. U) exLlbiL— Ia:. 

Tf YiViT'tSK l^»r$.*siL r « T I>rrAi«a 
TV I>F.F11^1l. r. ». T.^ i:s5.-;tsL V. r> rr T-t 

Tf T>KI\''1U'*F. r a Tr ir,T>v; • ;J 'i.-i:-. a.-f u- v a&.t 

nM>fcr>K S.--r" o. 'fl-.-vr ■ ;.- u.^i.fMV-Mis,. v .■H-tL.t- 
tJifcr.* A,- l^^tf7 

TV iiT:r«'«;"4. f • "* r* « j'-itir*^ 1 7i d:- 

Tr T»FP««»"Vri. • ft T^ imir ijn»x T^'vi^li^u — l«u 

TiV.VkAi'f. T)v«iL«;'nk • A.-., n •i:<-m.Qj;n;: jkzi. 

TiKTTiA rtrft Fi;:' .1. •, ?.-%-»:• mfci.r.:- huur 
*rtB**?\ \r*^ iVivv : »: I ".p:»uw. ..' 

T I'Fii ^ M ". T o-i, I '^r...- ■•...:.:•■» •:'--:;r.i,- 
»!:■ lli)iw ^^ in»^rs» • «:.,• ^;-.^ f. r...«dj^ 
i. Ti yi*^*-.-* V s: iT.ii.'. T.->: ^ .r.- :.z..i m- rr 

io^R« o •^m*". ^T'-Jv <^ v^u « «.:-."* -....:.;•. .i:«"i- 
f»»'-n» <<"^ 

T*F4; . ■. * ^•ifC -. V :• .*•»<— .r.: x. .".tt^. :. Th 




TeoL daatiU, Fr. dagmt, whence do^-iMr, to ilab with 

1\» DBQBNBR, «. n. To degenerate. Forte^g Defenet, 

— ^f r. deoener-tr, 
BEOEST, a4f. Qmte, Jhualoi.—lML dioegt^M, 
DXQBSTEABLB, a^f. Concocted. WaUaee-^Wr, 

digeat-tri to concoct. 
DBQBSTLIX, adv. Sedatelj ; deliberately. JhugUu. 
DBQT8IT, part, pa. Diiguised. King^g Qtia<r.~Fr. 

deguig^r, to diagniee. 
DBOOUTIT, part, pa. Spotted, Ibid. 
DKT, g. A dairy-maid, 8. B. Aw.— />0e, Loth. 8w. 

dt^ a daiiy-maid. 
To DET, «. «. To die. Wjfntovm. 
DST, (pron. aa Or. iu) g. A father ; Orandrdey, a 

grandfather ; terms most commonly used by children, 

Vife.— In the language of Estonia, die or (hie signifies 

a fttther, diar, Others. 
DEID, g. Death ; also pestilence. Y. Dbdi. 
DBIDIS PABT. That portion of his moveable estate, 

whjdi a person deceased had a right to dispose of be- 

ftyre his death, in whatever way he pleased, 8. Bal- 

To DSIOH, DaoH, «. a. To bolld. applied to tnrfii ; 

as, " Te're deighen year toors," Vife.— Tent, dijck-tn, 

aggerare, aggerem Jaoere, q. to make a dike or wall 

of them. 
DBIL, DsiLLB, g. Part; quantity. A deiUe any 

thing. Wallace. Hal/dele, the one hailf. JhuaUu. 
DBIL, Dbbl, t. The devil, 8. Ramtajf. ** Between 

the deel and the deep tea ; that ia, between two diA' 

colties equally dangerous. KeU^g 8. Prov. 
DEILPEBUGKIT, g. Nothing at all; as, "Hae ye 

gotten ony thing r «< Na, deHperlieket," Meama. 
DBILI8MAN, t. A divider ; an apportioner ; a dealer ; 

aUo a partner.— A. 8. dad, gen. daeUg, a part, and 

DEII/8-BIT, g. The Scabiosa succisa, Unn., an herb ; 

so denominated because it aeema to have z bit or 

biU taken off the root, which by the vulgar ia said to 

have been done by the devU, South of 8. In E. it is 

also called Devil'g-bU ; Moraua Diaboli, Linn. Flor. 

DEIL'S BUCKIE. 1. Papillna purpureas. 2. A per- 

aon of a penrerse diapoaition, an imp of Satan, 8. 

Waverteif. V. Buckik. 
DEIL^DABNING-NBEDLB, g. A name given to the 

Dragon-fly, Ayra. 
i)EIL'8 DOZEN. The number thirteen, S. Appa- 

rentiy firom the idea, that the thirteenth ia the deviVg 

lot. Haa thta a reference to Judaa f 
DEIUS DUNO. AaafoDtida, named from its sUnch, 8. 
DEIL'S-KIRNSTAFF, t. Petty apurge, Euphorbia 

peploa, Linn, 8. 0. Surv. Ayrg. 
DEII/8 SNUFFBOX. The common puff-ball, S. 

Lycoperdon boviata, Linn. 
DEII/S SPOONS. 1. Oreat water plantain, 8. 2. 

Broadleav«ed pond weed, 8. 
DFIN, adt. Very ; in a great degree ; the pron. of 

Aberd. for 8. doon. V. Dorw. 
DEIR,a<0'. Bold;dariDg. QavoanandChl. 
DB1R, adS. WUd. Qavoan and Gol.—IA. dyr, a 

wild beast 
DEIR, Diaa, g. A wild animal. 
DEIR, g. Perhaps, precioua. C/awan and Gol. 
DEIS, Disa, D&is, Dais, g. 1. The upper place in a 
hall, where the floor was raiaed, and a canopy apread 
over head. DovoUu. 2. A long aeat erected againat 
a wall, 8. Wallace. 8. A table. 4. A pew in a | 

chnrch, 8. B. Peptdar Ball. 6. A seat on the 

outer side of a country-house or cottage, 8. A. Berd, 

Mingt. — 0. Fr. c2ai«, a throne or canopy. 
DELACIOUN, g. Procrastination ; delay. BeUenden, 

— Lat ZHUUianan.—Vr. dHaHon, id. 
To DELA8H, v. a. To discharge. B. Bmee.— O. Fr. 

deglaeh-er, id. 
To DELATE, v. a. To accuse ; a law term, 8. Sol- 

locfce.— L. B dekU-are, id. 
DELATION, a. An accusation. Spalding. , 
DELATOR, g. An accuser, 8. BotUeke. 
To DELE, V. a. To divide, 8. Deal, E.— Tout ded-en, 

dejfl-en, A. 8. dad-en^ id. Y. Diil, t. 1 and Ga- 


DELF,«. 1. Apit. Jhualag. 2. A grave. Wjfntown, 
— ^Belg. ddve, a pit ; ddv-en, to dig. 8. Crockery, 8. 
Hence delf-houge, a pottery, 8. 4. A sod. In tills 
sense the term did/ ia used, Lanarks. and Banffs. ; 
q. what ia ddved. 

DBLF, adj. Of or belonging to crockery, 8. Oujf Mam- 

DELQIN, Daloav, g. The atick used in binding 
aheavea, Fife ; Dally, Border.— A. 8. dale, a daap ; 
Gael, dealg, a pin, a akewer. 

DELICT, t. A term used in the Scottiah law to denote 
a miademeanour. Ergkinefg JiuttlKtet.- Lat. ddicl- 
wn, a fault. 

DELIERET, Dklibib, adj. Dellrioua. Bunu. 

DELIRIETNESS, i. Delirium, Ayra. OaU. 

To DELYYER, e. n. 1. To deliberate. Wyniown. 2. 
To determine. Bdlenden. Lat ddiber-are, 

DELIYERANCE, t. 1. Deliberation ; conaultation. Bd- 
lenden. 2. Determination ; aentence. Pttgeotiie. 

DELIUER, a4f. 1. Light; agUe. Barbour,- 0. Fr. 
ddivre, iibre, degag^. 2. Disburdened of a child. 

DELIUERLY, adv. 1. Nimbly ; cleverly. Barbimr. 
2. " lucesaantly ; continually." 01. Surv. Nairn. 

DELL, t. The goal in games, Aberd. Perhaps merely 
the provincial corr. of Dule, q. v. Teut. delte, how- 
ever, is expl. by Kilian, meta, a boundary. 

To DELT, V. a. To fondle ; ddtit, careaaed, Moray. 
Synon. Davft. 

DELTIT, part. adj. 1. Hid from public view, Ayra. 
2. Applied also to the retired habits of one devoted to 
a literary life, ibid. 

DELTIT, pari. pa. Treated with great care, for pre- 
venting injuiy ; petted; Banffs.— Isl. deaWi, indul- 
gentius, ddUuti, admiratio ; vera i daladi, haberi in 

To DELUQIR, V. n. To dialodge. Lyndtay.—tt. ddog- 
er, to remove. 

To DEMAINE, Dbmxah, r. a. To punish by catting off 
the tiand. Orookghank. — Lat. dc and tnanug, Fr. 
main, hand. 

To DEMANE, Dbmaihb, «. a. To treat ; generally to 
maltreat, 8. B. Dunbar.— O. Fr. demain-er, tralter. 

DEMANYT, jNxrt. jKi. Demeaned. Barbomr. 

DEMELLE, g. Rencounter. Buddivuin.—VT. demel- 
er, to conteat. 

DEMELLIT, part. pa. Hart ; injured, Ang. 

DEIIELLITIE, g. A hurt, Ang. ; q. tiie effects of a 

To DEMEMBER, v. a. To diamember ; to maim, to 
mutilate. Adg Ja. IV.— Wr. damemttr-er. 

DEMEMBRARE, g. Ona wlw Btptttitet or nwias ano^ 
ther. Y. the «. 

2V> DEMENT, V. a. 1^** 




rnnO-. tnm. AeU Jo. 
BHMTOSTAOE, • A liliiit of tunlDS' or vaqIIisb Huff. 

Airri. Rn. V. IIoatuH. 
SEHISSION, DiMissiui,!. Tilt uaot \^'!lmf«vwaiB 

olDi».& tItUaViMf*. 
JbDEMIT, Dimn, e. a. To r«ln i to •Mlcnu ; la 

iplre up ; fUKHlly ft|i}]|l«] u bq afflcB, A- tt^dinQ. 

To IIRUIT. 0. a. To (iiB luliiiaUMi «f ; U> wiDaunH. 
Ta DKM1T, v. a. To dlimlB ; IDpern^t to ilii|iiin. 
SEMUIN. luy, Rin ; Ml 

Duoifc, JEiJ. itoir, 

DBUPLK, Diorui, i 

Ulofi ; m diliblc, A 


I, A Jwln, S. B. 1. Tbc 

»a«al : to Hcnts, A^n*. Xtmf.pi 

JliDEN, «. a. Tsdun; IftihutDpnUr. Aortow. 
DBN, 1. 1. A itqKcIfti] UtlB prrOiFd lo nvni^, 
Wvnt/ivm 1. A tllla of honour to rdlglDui una. 
Chart. ADrrtmOL. V. roi. 
DKKCB. <utj. Duolita. C^HJIy £iiU. 
SENKtB, DmiriL. >. 1. A dsnomloithin of coin 
rUMl^itMi) <D S.~Fr. itnirr proportr ri(a!Hs< • 
nny, rrom lAt dmor-'ui ; ttafl berm bdfiitf applied 

■ Dviui. Vtwn poipla tlw Eorlici 

bI Umc ot bniklUt, Iti4 rood ihui kIied 
liCUf dniiur, Roiti. 
I DKNMIXES, t. i>l. D»oHb»«Hi. Sfait.J 

^Uvm Uic tMuu (be lalcunca |°l Uioa. 

I l>KNSUAI]CHfin<IIJ«</' Nl«;li«rdiobe 

»ppllHl eipoeVullJ lo rooJ, n.mteV., 
I DKNUIAN.f. AIHiw. il.flfcir, 
I UKNT. PiUT.i. AlTiKiUm. J* (»« ibiK of 
r, w loH nciHL Aug. Atbukji.. 
«n». Pin 


til i>iinillt.— I*«ti*p< liWD III. iliuimli. 

•4 UCIt 

UE.VT. pari pa. lodantod. CaiMii <mJ OoI.— fi. 

DENTELION, >. Til* nlfiir D4n» la S. tar Ux ■>*» 
DandrLEDi) ; Leuntodon ttnuiuuni. Linot A^fp*. 
rmUj iBBUdKlolj fonntid ffflu Vr. <In>( <{< lyoii. 

DENTtUOUNi't. DaDdiUiffl, lUl bnb, 8. J>ni«U(. 
Fr. dnl it Irm. 

XKNTtB, adv. Eqiilt4l<iiil W X. Hry tsdl, JaM M ; 
jfutea in m cinlfia ud IiUIUFeniiI mTi Mnwm.— 
PuhBpi hun Oad. ikmCai, vllllnfUK, 

To DEMITH, v. a. 1, la amUnail; Utfrfim; >o 
Hu;I(r : B^od Id ■ BtDcna mdi^ AboU. 3. Tv 
■li^l^ bf loaaunl IMllili bak, Uoinu.— flanwd 
pcrluin from B. tmrnt, or «rr. IroB baiiMtA. 

DEFArNTIT, StrciniT.jiarl-pa. P«lDWd. Sia^t 

To BKPAIIl, ». a. Toralo; WdMlrir, PaI<M B'M. 
Fr. Ajur-ir, to puljj. 

n DEPART. DtPin, (.a. Ta dlilili; W MpaBl» 
Barbottr —Jr. Srpuri-tr, Id. 

T^ DEPART wiU. «, a. To pan vllh i 10 difpOH tf. 
/nii™(or(«.— Fr. H df^rlir Jt. Iscialt, »«Bg«tie«, As 

DEPABTtStNO, A Dlriilsa i jwIIUod. Jd >iHl<t, 

I'd DBPA17PEII, 9. a. Todakepoot: Id impaveilih ; 

B. iepaiftTalt. Atti Jo F/.— Uv d< 
ni DEPB3CHE. fiiriUBi. e. a. 

dd^bch. fidUntdfu. — Pr. i4 . 

JTritt't HUt. 
DEPYir, part. jm. Cnl off. Abtrd Itea.—O, It. ttptti, 
nmcllaUoD. HaacB tbo legal phnu^ ^epU <fa jt^, 

DBPOtS. Dnoii. t. Doposlt. cut. it^ /nioif.— /n 
iifoii seeoit tMcUj (0 oorrHpond liUi lb« BOdrra 
Ft. plutLM a> d^f, kEdsDnllDg tllher vtui lain Urn 
kscplnKofuother, or ibe pltco *bin II U kcpl. 

DEPONAR.t. ODowhs mUfli oatta tnaeourt; B.d>- 
panni, the lens iu» osed in S. AsU Ja. VI. 

To DEPONE, •, o. To dcpMl. Ut JWrJ, a%t^. 

To DEPONE, V. ■. To tiaatj «■ oUb, B. Statii 

Aec. — L. B. dij»n-«r«, loitaii. 
DEPONITIOU!^, I. Ualh ; (bo nbiiaoH of wbal 

depOHd la % sonrL Ad. Dom. Vim:, 
DEPOSITATION, I. Tim actotditpgiltlDg fOr (lie put* 

poH of lafe koiplng. Inttittarta. 
To DEPBI3E, *. 0. To drinwUk. L^ivUaf. 

r., UKPCLYB. o. a. Toipoll. iJM,(l«..-Fr. *jmU(- 

rij DBPUnSK, >. a. Todhbone. AtUCI>A.I. 




To DERE, Dsis, Dsak, v. a. 1. To hart. DouoUu, 
2. To dere upon, to make impression, 8. B.— A. S. 
der-ion, nocere. 
BERE, Dn, Dnm, t. Injury. WaUaee, It is still 
used in this sense, Domfr. 

To DERE, «. a. To fear. Burel, 

DERE, i. A deer, or any wild beast of game. ITyn- 
Urwn. — A. 8. dwr, So. G. diur, Isl. dyr, id. 

DERE, i. A precious person. HoukUe. 

DEREGLES, «. pi. 1. Loose habits ; irregularities, 
Ayrs. 2. Also ezpl. "deceptions, fraudulent infor> 
nations, " ibid. — Er. te deregl-tr^ to be disorderly. 

To DERETNE, DnuwB, DiaBKTK, «. a. To determine 
a controverqr by battle. — Bartwur.—O. Fr. dierainierf 
prouver son droit en Justice ; Roquefort. 

DEREYNE, Dxbbxtb, t. Contest ; decision. Barbour. 

To DERENS, v. «. To disorder. Dunbar. 

DERETH, t. Some kind of office anciently held in 8. 
Chart. Dunfermline^ 

DERE, adj. 1. Bold and hardy. Douglat. 2. Cap- 
able of great exertion. DougUu. 3 Poasesdng a 
sullen taciturnly, 8. B. WaUaee. 4. Serere ; cruel. 
5. As applied to inanimate objects, it signifies mas- 
sire, capable of giving a severe blow, Buchan. 
Tarrat. — Isl. diarf-Wf 8u. O. diaerf, daring. 

DERF7LT, adv. Vigorously. Wallace, 

DEROAT, «. Target. Wyntovm.—Qwei\. targaid. 

DERGT, DvaoiB, «. An entertaiiunent or drink given 
after a funrral, 8. Y. Dbbot. 

DERTT, part. pa. Raised in price. Aeti Ja. J.— 
From A. 8. d^jr^ Dan. dyre^ IsL dyr^ Teut dier^ 
earns, prctiosus. 

DERK, a4j. Dark ; the pronunciation of Bozb. — 
A. 8. deorc, id. 

DERKENINO, «. The evening Urillght, ibid. V. 


To BERN, V. a. To hide. Y. Dabx, v. 

To DERNE, «. a. Perhaps for darren, JEAmZmni. 

DERRIL, Dbblb, t. A broken piece of bread, as of a 
cake or soon«, Upp. Clydes. — C. B. dryllf a piece, a 
fragment, a part. 

DERRIN, s. A broad thick cake or loaf of oat or 
barleymeal, or of the flour of pease and badey mixed, 
baked In the oven or on the hearUi covered with hot 
adies, Roxb. Synon. Fadgt. — This term seems very 
ancient, and is most probably formed In allusion to 
the mode of preparation ; Teut. (ior-en, dorr-en, 
derr-en, dorr-en^ to dry, to parch. 

To DEBT, V. a. To dart. King^i Quair. 

To DESCRITE, Disobtvi, v. a. To describe, 8. Ha- 
milton.— O E. id. 

To DESERT the Diet, to relinquish the suit or prosecu- 
tion for a time ; a forensic phrase, 8. Ertk. In$t. 

DESERT, part. pa. Prorogued, adjourned ; used in- 
stead of daertit. Ads. Ja. F.— This seems borrowed 
from Fr. desert^ used for deterti, as in the phrase 
Appel detert, an appeal that Is not followed. 

To DESPITE, V. n. To be fiUed with indignation, 8. B. 
— Fr. se de»pit-er. 

DESTRUCTIONFU*, adj. Destructive ; wasteful ; q. 
full of de^ruction, Roxb 

DET, t. Duty. Police Hon.— It. dette. 

DETBUND, a4j. PredesUnated. DougUu.^ 0. Fr. 
det, a die. 

DETERIORAT, part. pa. Injured ; rendered worse. 
— L. B. deteriorai-%u. 

To DETERME, v. a. To determine ; to recede. 
KeiWt His. App. 

DETFULL, a4j. Due. Knox, 

DETFULLT, adv, DntiAiUy, as bound in duty. Aett 
Ja. III. 

DETRCTSARE, i. S. Bannaijfne 3Vanf.— Perhaps 
from Lat. detrud^t ddrutit to thrust down, as denot- 
ing a violent opposer. It may, however, be traced 
to Fr. detrouueur^ a robber. 

DETTIT, part pa. Indebted. BdUnden. 

To DETURNE, v. a. To turn aside. AcU Ja. 77. — 
Fr. destowm-er, deUnam-tr^ to turn aside, to divert, Ac. 

To DEUAIL, Dbval, v. n. 1. To descend. DougUu. 
2. V. a. To let fall. Paliu ffon.—Tr. devaU-er, 

DEYAILL, $. An inclined plane for a water-fall, 
Lanarks.— 0. Fr. devaUe^ devalue^ a descent, a fall 
in ground ; Armor. <fevaZ, id. 

DEYALL, t. A sunk fence, Clydesd. 

To DEYALL, Dbvalo, v. n. To cease ; bo intermit, 8. 
FerguMon.—Sxi. Q. dtooZ-o, to delay. 

DEYALL, Dkvald, s, A cessation, 8.— Isl. duoul, 

DETTCH, Tbuoh, t. I. A draught ; a potation, 8. 2. 
Drink in general, 8. B. Y. Txvch. 

DEUCHANDORACH, DiuoBAxnoaig, $. 1. A drink 
taken at the door before leaving it ; the stirrup-cup, 
8. 2. Equivalent to itark-lote and kindneu, 8. — 
Gael, deoeh an daruis, the parting drink. 

To DEYE, Dxavb, v. a. Tastuplfy with noise, 8. King 
Hart.—SvL. Q. doef-vta ; Isl. deyf-a^ to deafen. 

To DEYEL, V. a. To give a stunning blow, Roxb. 

DEYEL, t. A severe blow, ib. Antiquary. 

DEYELLER, t. I. One celebrated as a boxer, ibid. 2. 
A dexterous young fellow. 

To DEYER, o. n. To be stupid, Roxb. Y. Dadxe, 

DEUGIND, a4j. Wilful ; llilgions, Caithn. 

DEYILOGK, $. A little devil, an imp, Aberd. DeUie 
is used in the same sense, 8. 0. 

DEYILRY, DxsviLBT, §. 1. Communication with the 
devil. Broum't Diet. Bible. 2. Used to denote mis- 
chief, but rather of a sportive kind ; or a deposition 
to this, 8. 

DEVINT, part. adj. Bound under obligation.— jlctt 
Ja. VI. Lat dennet-tu. 

To DEVISE, Diuiss, Dxuts, v. a. To talk. Barbour. 
— Fr. devU-er, id. 

DEUK, ff. Covert ; sholter, 8. B. Y. Jock. 

DEUKE, i. A duck, 8. Antiquary. 

DEULE WEEDS ; mourning weeds. Actt Ja. VI.— 
Fr. deail, mourning. 

To DEUOID, Dkwoid, Dxwrn, v. a, 1. To clear ; to 
evacuate. Act. Audit. 2. To leave ; to go out 
from. Aberd. Beg. 

DEVORB, Dkuoeb, t. Service; duty. Wynloum. 
2. Good offices ; exertions. Actt Ja. VI — Fr. devoir. 

DEUORIE, «. A duty payable from land, or belonging 
to one from office. Acts Mary. — 0. Fr. debvoir^ de- 
voir, denotes both the homage or act of submisialon 
done to a landlord or superior, and a fee or toll due. 

DEVVEL, V. Dcvel. 

DEW, adj. Moist. Douglas. 

DEW, pret. Dawned. Wallace. Y. Daw. 

DEW-CUP, $. The herb called Ladles Mantle; 
Alchemilla vulgaris, Linn. Hogg. 

DEWGAR, t. A salutation. Wallace.^Vr. Dieu 

DEWGS, s. pi. Rags ; shreds, 8. Bamsay, 

To DEWID, V. a. Y. Dxuuid. 

To DEWYD, DxwoTD, v. n. To divlda. ^ 

To DEWYS8, DIC18B, v. a. To dlrkU 
Fr. <2ev.>-cr, Id. 


1 ■ml Conicliui Dt Wilt, 

DIGBER-DERRV, 1. Oourusnl UelwU. 8. B. Aau. 
Ta QJBBLl, >. a. Td jdEulb; meUBOf the Id all i 

Uoof. Fifn. MS. I 
DIBUR, 1. k Uisa 

qnloktr ud 

■lEDifJiliig U Jo UT Uiliic 

It yaur diddi." JWem Entr. Scot. 

DICSKNarnU.J.i.jiL A ball 
Wcftf. 3. anTEn nlrlboUsD 1: 
klrki aifti- Mtrdjr ■ tutIbi 

I^ DICttT. Dtcar, v. I. To pi 
Ts deck, B. Dswlaf. S. To 
4. To polEHh^ Dau^lai. A. To 
B. CWva. B. To dtj bj rabb 
■in, 8. ^nu. " To iiaM m 

DouaUu, D, To 

•Fcii hvuUcd, a B 

; ■ppUeH U) [be ipiiid ; 

lib. e. B. Ham^UoH. 
nj. Dmelai.—A. e. 
(i^Jht-o, (o camiKwe. 
rs DICHT iHiE*i Dmiblrt. To glte one ■ found drobb* 

Inn, 10 eunj ODf'i hide. //wHUni'f Wallart. 
DIUUTINOS,t.i>l. 1. RefuK. B. Bnu. a. Tie k- 

■eofconi.S. EjnoD. itoi, 
DICKIB. (. nitb ; srIiik, Aboil. 
U10KIE8. i.j4. fcttn. reprthtorioB, Vpp, ajdri,— 

A jlngla of mule, Aja. rniin'i ^^)^t. 

g. ■. 1. To Diox libel diRuf.S. Rom- 

ot preaebEng. A. UuiKond, S. i. TIie flicd ilif for 
Jrr-BOOiCE, I. A dtiiT, CWdenrnml.— L. B. ditl-a. 
:rFER.(. A dlClemuM, a Sp,f\ir^. 



TaVimRK.t.a. Tod.liy. K.tufir: KriWiUit 

—Ft. iijfa-tr, Ut i'Jart, id. 
BIFFEHBENCB, 1. Dclsr ; pnicruUiuUaa, Ibtd. 
DIFFEBREn. <. IXUjer ; thn pTrwD wboAeliTK IbM. 
DIFFIOIL, adj. 1, mfflcult CbiHi>layM S- 1- I^k- 

Tb DIFFICULT, V. a. TD|>»pl.M ; U nDdndineatl 
Is, e. Canr-i Sii;^. Drc.—rr. Id. 

To DIFFIDK^ Durioi, r «, To dliliuH, mUi UHi>fT^ 
a/kddod. Picntlic. Ul. diffld-en, Id. 

T^ DIFFOOM). D.a. TodiruH, Onivloi. 

BIOOOT. f. A conltDiita 
cbUd, IrnjilTliig ifao DoUsi 
■^ " Ve dliif difsot:' 
Khoal-boyi, Baib.— 0. B 

gnln, a. J . SrMCl FlHPU, 

J-dDIONOSCB, ».a. 'TodLUnjul*. J=l.aa.i.- 

IbDYIT, n. o. Toendlte. TUt »iBt iMb Otti, % r. 

KeitA-, Bill. 
Tt Df K, t. a. 1. To indiue illh nminru nr dlleb«. 

JJartw. i To .ur 

ouul HlUi ( thiDO Itdl. t. Bat- 


HKB. D«, .. I. A W.I1, a, Ktltf. 

n-kiiMmi. UKoniD 

the >inilaDteo(l 

a. SlalUI. 

Joe 3. A. tilcb. 

Wallaa.—A. 8. 



loUIK«,«.i., Todlg.u>plcli,.ppll*d 

> Oitt klu.l 



botg i kh " lo ittt< 

l«, Hr dtti 

o«(, M, "(odtt-oe 

Hi- otn." u plok 

• *TU 001. 

Bo.b, Huw.-TVu 

dfelm. Me™. 

liyKK-LOlIBBB, .. 

A lit»l tbu tn 

DTKJ!-I/)DPIH', I. I. Pclnuilr mp|iU«l to «tlle, 
thu esBBOL be tipl vlHiiii »!!■ or roDoca. 8. 1. 

DIKBR. Dviu, I. Odd who biilUi ancloiurH tt 
■unr. imnnUlj wIUoui lima; •In driNMiTi 8. 
saatil. Aee. 

DIKIR,!. A UnrailllUamin, ot, pu 




T9 Loup thi Dtkib, to die, Ibid. 

r« DILATE, V. a. Legallj to accuae. Y. Dblatb. 

DILATOR, s. An infonner ; the Mme with X^elotor, 

q. T. Aett Ja. VL 
DILATOB, «. A deUy ; old Uw teim. BaiUie.—L. B. 

dUaiaret to delay. 
DILATOURB, Dtlatoub, a4i. HATing the power to 

cttOM delay. AcU Ja. IV. 
DILDBRMOT, t. An obstacle ; a great difficulty, Ayn. 

—The last syllable seems to cUim a Goth, affinity ; 

wutt, oonrentos, Isl. dtUduTt occoltatus, q. a secret 

meeting ; or from deeMo, pret. dvaldet conctari, q. 

'*a meeting which caused delay.** 
DTLIP, t. A legacy, Perths. This is merely Gael. 

diolab, id. 
To DILL, V. a. To oonceaL CoZktnder.— IsL dyU-<i, 

8a. G. dod-jot occnltare. 
Tie DILL^ V. a. To still ; to calm ; to assuage or re^ 

more. Bannatftu Foem$.—A, 8. dUg-iant delere ; 

Isl. dm-a, laUare. 
To DILL DowK, V. n. To subside. BaUlie. 
DILLAGATB, Dslaoat, t. The prorincial oormption 

oTS. deHeaU, as signifying a daintjft Fife. MS. Poem. 
DILLT, D1U.T-42A8TLB, t. A name applied by boys to 

a onall mound ot sand on the sea shore, on which 

they stand at the influx of the tide, until they are 

dispossessed of It by the waves demolishing it, 

Meams. — Allied perhaps to A. S. digit, diffd, secre- 

tns. 8a. G. dod-jOf anciently dylg-a, occultare ; q. 

a hiding-place. 
To DILLY-DALLY, v. n. To trifle; to spend time 

kUy, Fife.— Teut. diZI-en, fabularl, garrire instar 

molierum ; Kilian. Germ, dot-en, nugari, ineptire. 

The S. T. to daUy must be traced to the same origin. 
DILLY-DAW, I. One who is both slow and slovenly, 

Fife. Saxon and Gael. Dilly is most probably from 

Isl. dill-a, lallo, referred to under vo. Dill, v. 2, 

whence diUHdoo, amplexatio, G. Andr. T. Daw, 

which itself denotes a slattern. 
DILIX)W, s. A noisy quarrel ; as, " What a great 

dOlow thai twa mak,''Teviotdale.— Isl. deila, dissen- 

SQs ; Bo. G. deZo, lis. 
DILP, i. A trollop. ISost.— Sw. ioelp, an awkward 

DIL8ER, $. The Bock or Field lark ; Alauda campest- 

ris, Linn., Meams. — It is supposed to receive this 

name from its f^quenting rocks on the sea-shore, and 

feeding on the aea-lice among the JHlse or Dulse. 
DIM, s. The head qf the dim, mid-night, Shetl. Isl. 

dimma, tenebrae, caligo, at dimma, tenebrescere. 

A. 8. dim, dym, tenebrosus. 
To DYMENEW, v. a. To diminish. DougUu. 
To DIMIT, V. n. To pass iqto ; to teiminate. 

Fottntaifih, Suppt. Dec.— Lat. dimitt-ere, to cease ; 

also, to let pass. 
DYMMOND, «. A wedder of the second year, Boxb.; 

viewed as of the third year, Dumfr. Act, Dom. 

(kmc y. DiHMOirr. 
DIN, adj. Dun, of a tawny colour, 8. Saxon and 

Oad.—C. B. dy. Armor, dtw, Ir. dtmn, id. The 

Scottish language often changes u into < ; as bill for 

bull, pit tor put, (Lat ponere,) nit for nut, Ac. 
To DIN, Dth, «. n. 1. To make a noise. Oawan and 

Ool. 2 To resound. Barbour. — A. 8. dyn-on, id. 
DYND, part. pa. Bannaiyne Poems.— PerhApa from 

dwined, wasted ; or Geim. dien-tn, to humble as a 

servant, to reduce to a state of servitude. 
DINE, «. Dinner. Bums. — 0. Fr. d^iM, repas que 

f on prend k midi ; Eoqoefoit. 

DYNE, t. Used for dsn, a dale. Poems ISA OenhKry. 
To DING, V. a. 1. To drive, 8. BeUendon, 3. To 
exert one's self. Henrysone. 8. To beat. Wyn- 
Unon. 4. To strike by piercing. Bellenden. 6. To 
scourge ; to flog. Acts Ja. I. 6. " To smash ; beat 
to powder." Shimfs. 7. To overcome, 8. Ferg^^ 
son, 8. To excel, 8. Bamsay. 9. To disoonrage, 
8. B. Ferguson, 10. To Ding off, v. a., to drive or 
knock off, 8. Y. DiHo qf. 11. To ding bad:, to 
beat back ; applied to a state of warfare. 12. To 
Ding by, v. a., to thrust aside ; to displace ; to set 
aside ; to discard ; to supersede, Aberd. To redooe 
to a state of inabili^ or disqualification ; to be frus- 
trated, by some intervening circumstances, as to the 
accomplishment of one's purpose ; as, "I meant to 
hae gaen to see my friends in the country, but 
something cam in the gait, saethat I was dung bft,** 
8. To bring on bod health, by imprudent exertion. 
To be dung fry, to be confined by some ailment, Aberd. 
13. To ding in, to drive in, 8. Spalding. 14. To ding 
down, to overthrow, 8. Barbour. 15. To ding eff, to 
drive from. Douglas. 16. To dtna on, to attack with 
violence. Baxbaur. 17. To d^na out, to expel. Bdlen- 
den. To ding out the bottom o/any thing, to make an 
end of it, 8. Baillie. 18. To ding ouer, to overthrow ; 
also to overcome, 8. Poems BuAan Dial. 19. To 
ding throw, to pierce. Bdlenden. 20. To ding up, 
to break np ; to force open. Hist. James the Sext. 
21. To ding to dede, to kill with repeated strokes. 
WaUace. — IsL doen^-io, Su. G. daeng-a, tundere. 
To DING, V. n. 1. To drive. Dougku. 2. To ding 
down, to descend, Lyndsay. Z. To ding on. It is 
used impersonally, and applied to rain, hail, or snow ; 
as, "It's dingiu* on," or ''dingin' on of weet," 8. 
7o DING on^» sdf. To vex one's self about any thing, 

8outh of 8., Loth. 
DING, DioHB, adj. Worthy. DougUu.—'fT, digne, 

Lat. dign-us. 
DING-DANG, adv. This is used dilTerently from E. 
ding-dong. 1. It denotes rapid succession, one on 
the heels of another ; as, '* They cam in ding-dang,** 
8. 01. Picken, 2. Pell-mell; helter-skelter; in 
confusion ; as, *' They faucht ding-dang," 8. 
To DINGYIB, «. a. To deign. Knox. 
To DINGLE, V. n. To draw together ; to gather, Gypsy 

language, Fife. 
DINGLE, t. The state of being gathered together ; a 

group, Fife. MS. Poem. 
DINGLE-DANGLE, a4j. Moving backwards and for- 
wards, 8.-^0. G. dingl-dangli id. This is formed 
from dingl-a, to dangle. 
DINGLEDOUSIE, s. A stick ignited at one end; 
foolishly given as a plaything to a child, DumDr. 
— Su. G. dingl-a, to swing, and dusig, dissy. 
DING-ME-YAYEL. lay me flat, Aberd. Y. Yavil. 
To DINK, V. a. To deck ; to dress neatly, often with 

the pr^. out or up subjoined, 8. A. Sootts Poems. 
DINK, DxKK, a^j. 1. Neat; trim, 8. Evergreen, 
2. Preeise; saucy, Fife. A. Douglas. — Alem. ding, 
DINKET, part. pa. Finely dressed, Ang. 
DINKLY, adv. Neatiy. B. Galloway. 
To DINUfi, DiKVLi, V. a. To produce a trsanloas 

motion ; as, *' Dinna dinnU the table," 8. 
To DINLE, Dthlb, v. n, 1. To tramhlt^ 8. 
2. To make a great nolM. niifiw * 
to tingle. J.Nicol. 
DINLE, t. 1. YibiatiOD. 8. E. J 




DIS 168 DI8 

•Tj MBMIiaD Dt I«ln, itoillM U IhU aund bf » 

DinH.o^, Thl«k-«i: urengljnaiie. V. Dmc 

(tnkt on tta* allKiw, 8. », A ilight tvn-u. Boxl- 

BIRK. .. i dagger. V. Duu. 

blKK, Dim, »(;. Daik. H-sUuci.- A. S. dwn. 

«M« •^MU-LeAttm. 6. A «(« report, S. D. 

lUe Moul >b=ulng, S. Ul.a;bb, <!. liMlnnonUi, 

roUIRKIN, CO. ToiUikta. ihiwloi. 


DIBKIT, part. B-y. DrnkMol. Csnfcm. 

DUUtKESS, f. Il«1.o.«. ZluBftor. 

nc(i,llifs p«tld«. BainofMld-LBlH. 

DIBL, t. L A illglii usaiiloui moko. 8, Z The 

DINXAUWD. <v4i'. Woctbleu, lt> ■ moril kdh, Id. 

p»in «>uod bT .nch . .boke, 8. 8. A rlbnUlon ^ n 


mlod, ataotijif ■ Iwlnge ol cauKleDCf, or wtiil 

KB, Dae oC wbom then li no tiope thai be mil tTcr 

AijooJ, Boxb. 

To DIBLB, t. a. To pl.n», B, drW. Suul«ii. J(S. 

DINNBN SKATE. The joimc of ihe Kali !UU.. 


To DIRLE, ». n. 1. To Unglo ; 10 Ihiill, S. JtoiHMy. 

Hi MNNBR. r. n. To *ne, 8. ; dqk cwnmonlj 

». To omit A Utmliog uufli, B. Bunu. 3. To 

IHnw. JjaHnUBaia. 

moY. with Ibt wind, Border, UtdsapoUe. 

DIRLIM), (. L Tbc w^Dd niBod >>; nlKimled 

DfNH0C8.a<«. Soisj;i™.JS.dii.. Sal^t putrid,. 

*i»k»onihtg»ond,o[oi.«i]oot.S. lUm. SUhi. 

DINSOMB. a<4j. TL.»iB.irllJ, JJ(™«, S. Bw™. 

aune. >. AtkiHl-UiRliBHniDcpiLtn. 3. £su«Ui. 

DINT,!. Ad apinnanllr, E. fioH, "SunudluU 

DIKU, 04'. 1- Toipldi baaoitibfd. Loth. t. Id- 

•endhlc deiillote olfKlInt ; uw! In • uortl «iu., 

DINT. ». AltKOoQ. V. DiiT, 

LMh.-eo. 0, (Imt-o, loIUiun. 

DVOUR. DivoDi. ., Abutrupl. Ambx, 

7DDma,i>.iL To)Mt>«iBnbediii; JTyjIlJAn.'a 

DIPIN. 1. t. A put oC a heniBE-nDl, Ai«tIIi. 2. 

phiue UHd In re1;i>toii lo ihl fool, when theft It * 

Tho mw «( . ulnoB-noi, Loth.— a«il. dipitn. m oil. 

OIFPIEN,!. TheMlr.U.riT«lld(,S. 0. Pld»1. 

Pertuipt, .J. uepi for iifpitn. ot Iha pUco win™ 

dosr-o, Infilunn, IMd. 

Tromiiu dip iheir bwliEti lo hrini up wilijr, 

DIRRAI, t. DUoidar. V. DraiE, 

ii»i bf eortim (Of «(tu.ln« Icthv, .nil DuUng h 
nor* HI (w rtHUiag Hunpsiu. 8. 

DIRT, I. 1. Eienmenl. S- B. An upreMloB ot»ii- 

lronye«nie ohia *" ° P" "■ 

mBA. ApiBmilr, •"jlBI. P-KViCWK. 

DIRTBSLY.adu. 'ic .din, .,,. Kdly. 

UIKU, « Ad ■cbieremeni ; umI inalanr, S. B. 

DIRTEB (oOMiU], t. A TibnUOf itlck thll •IMllIl 


the Jatte BoUtr, Ab«nL 


k <>»}■' iomacj. 

DIRT-FBAB, i. T.mir p»IikId« U» Uw. wf Uh 


DIRU, .L A itrekt. Atari. JUo.-tT. J9unt», lo. 

power o( reteullDO. V*iloii-t f. 
DlBT-^KAn-D, odj. flo nuuhaftiid u W low ihe 

BIRDY... ADupront. V- D.ubbu. 

Jd DIBINWSB, 0. a. Tg thomt^ Abenl.— A. S. dfr- 

BIBT-FLBE, 1. TbojrtHowtljthUIiiiinUauiiB-ldlU 

tan. latdon, ■' u. hart or>. t» .nuoT /' ».^i"" : 

8. Uu» gurconru. 

mid J™«, i1o»o,. dwrt. • Hmk. «r bluw. 

BIRT-ILBY'D, wtr. The unn with Din-fWd. 

DIHUUMV D,«liiKhiuT«iMl,8,B. 

DlBBtM. f. 1. An upmi; > t>i<Dull, B. Xfnit 

DIBT-HAHTK, (. A uane term (or, in (nat Itiue. 

Hurl.— C. B. dswnl, lonilua, tUtpltOL 3. Dmu«<!. 

DlBX-HonSB, t. A dole-ctool ; uo<t k priif, E. 

" To dm lta« •Ut^hm ," to da pooiooo, 8. B. («d 


MortaUty. i. PuoIoq ; III buuoui, Ftrllii. 4. A 

DIHTIN. Mf- 1' DtBIod wllh Hcrement, S. 1. 

l>n»i iioli., BMto.. pmn. DUMm. "Dorium, t, 

JeDoUng deipluUl panou, EUr. Vor. rtum Iiirl. 

Tola. t. It Kuu 10 ilgDtfr ■ unko or lil«r. X. 

q. V. 

firut. T. UHd ID dSDoU ■ t>di*la aho bwl bmu 

■IKbtadbTbcrlonr. Brr£iO-i. Pwtalii q. " ibo 

ft D13ABU8B. .. a. J. TomJ.u«; lo kbu*, S. IK^ 

wbo drm ibo dimuM, « opcrleDou Uu d<uBKB; 

ofttoi, Id., AbeM. a. The term [> ■!» luul In 


who miul our tti* wiUo>." 1, In pi, dtnlwu ; 

AlHvd., u •IgDlfflnE lo i»»r. lo .poU. J 


ndleiile;iu«rlnB: >calTlu«: MmullBio* flmuHfil 





DiaBUST, .. A» upmu ; * broil, LoUL-Fr. JatoHfiC" 


pile. Joaklum nJ fOTM YeleiuLi i or In dyrt-d"-!^. 

"uohoied. 001 0(11. tight bo.." 

atmSDn jiilleiao. UililDnoa.— OmI. MvOm, 

DiaCKNsa,!. Urtecnt. i>iir*iw.— Ul. Juwoiw. 

DUlDUM-ilAKUUM. f. A Wna flpRMlvt U on. 

mopt (01 UK kUw. Ctr. Kirk. 

DIKEMPT. Bnken off. patc-llie.—\M. 

dthiU Of plwl M. okUH ; to ufalUMe. or olitnlue > 


coulroierEr : Idt. dltrt/il-aT*, Id. 



i^ I 





A DI8CXBNB, v. a. To deerae ; the ame with De- 

c«rne, q. r.— Fr. dtcem-er, W. 
* lb DISGHARaSy v. a. To prohibit ; to forbid, 8. 

lb DISCHONB, o. n. To take breakfMt—^eei Ja. 71. 
T. DiaJinra, from which this is cormpted. 

DT80HOWYLL, o^/. UndresMd. WaUaec—Jr, 
deAaMM, id. 

DISGLAJIATIOUN, t. The act of disowning one as the 
superior of lands ; or of refusing the dutj which Is 
the condition of tenure ; the same with IHtdaimer in 
the law of England. Skene. 

VWCOUVJSBT, part adj. Oreroome, Domfr. Ba^f. 
PraBi.—JfT, dueonfiSf id., Cotgr. 

BISOONnOHB, (u^*. Not contiguous, Ib. 

DI8C0NYBNISNCS, «. IncouTenience, Aberd. 

To DI800N VENISNOS, «. a. To put to inconvenience, 

DISCONVENnNT, ocf/. Inconvenient, ibid.— O. fr. 
deseoneenfie, desoonvenanoe, malhcur, defaite, doulenr, 
Ac, Boquefort. 

DISCOUBBOnB, t. A scout Axrbotir. 

To DISCOURSE, «. a. To converse with, or speak to ; 
wt—QfpoinU tkt Moderaior to dimmano him more 
/Uly. Pzeb. Aberd., 1607. 

DI800URST, adj. Ck>nverBible, Aberd. 

DISCREET, cuO*. 1. Civil, or obliging. SirJ.Slndair, 
2. Not rode ; not doing anything inconsistent with 
delicaej towards a female, 8. Thornton. Dr. John- 
son renders it "modest, not forward." This, how- 
ever, does not ftilly express its meaning, as used in 

DISCRETION, t. 1. Propriety of female conduct, as 
opposed to lightness or coquetry, S. Smxon omd 
Oaei. 2. Kindness shown to a stranger in one's 
house ; nearly the same with B. HotpiialU^i 8. 

To DISCRIUE, V. a. To describe. DmioUu. 

To DISCURE, V. a. To observe accurately. Dougku. 
— ^Pr. diocour-iTt to survey. 

DISDOINO, aJ/. Not thriving, Qydes. 

3\> DYSE, V. a. Dyte you, a phrase commonly used in 
Lanarks. as an imprecation. 

DISEIS, DissssB, $. 1. Want of ease. Barbour. 2. 
State of warfsre. ITyn/own.— Fr. desaJM, " a being 
illatease;" Cotgr. 

DISFORMED, adj. Deformed, Aberd. 

DISFREINDSCHIP, t. Disaffection; animosity. AcU 

To DISOEST, V. a. To digest, 8. Monro's Expoi, 

DI8GEST, «. The digesUon. An Hi ditgut, a bad 
digestion, 8. 

To DISH, V. a. To push or strike with the horn, 
Lanarks. Renfrews. A dUking cow, a cow that 
huts. Synon. Pui, and Duneh. Sir A. Wylie. If 
not originally the same word, it seems to have a 
common source with the v. Dasch, to rush, whence 
Dutcke, a stroke. — It especially resembles Tent. 
doe$-tn, to strike with force. T. Dusch. 

To DISH, V. a. To destroy ; to render useless ; as, 
" I'm completely duA'd wi' that Journey,** 8. — This 
term has great resemblance to Isl. du»^ cobare 
anhelitos et fessns, O. Andr. 
To DISH, «. a. To make concave. This term Is used 
by mechanics. The spokes of a wheel are said to be 
dUked, when made to lie towards the axis, not hori- 
■ontally, but obliquely, 8 
To DI8HABILITATE, v. a. Legally to incapacitate, 
8. Stair Suppl. Dte.—h. B. habOii^urt, Fr. haXMU-tr, 
signify idonenm, habilem reddere. 

DISH ABIUT ATIOUN, t. The act of legally depriving 
a person of honours, privileges, or emoluments for- 
merly enjoyed. AcU Cha, I. 

DISHLAQO, «. The vulgar name of Tnssllago or eolt's 
f 00^ S. 

DI8HAL00F, t. A sport of children, Roxb. 

To DISHAUNT, v. a. To leave any place or company. 
iS^wdnoood. — Fr. deshanUr, 

DISHEARTSUM, a4i. Saddening; disheartening, Fife. 

DISHERINQ, «. The act of disinheriting. 

To DISHERY8, v. a. 1. To disinherit. Barbour. 2. 
To put in disorder ; to put any thing out of place. In 
c<Masequence of a person's meddling with it who has 
no right to do so, Loth. Apparently used metaph , 
ftrom the idea of putting one out of the proper line 
of succession. 

DISHERYSOWN, t. The act of disinheriting. IFyn- 

DISH-FACED, ac^. Flat-faced ; applied both to man 
and beast, 8. ; q. " having the face so hollow as to 
resemble a diah." 

DISHINS, A beating; a drubbing, Ettr. For. 
This may be viewed as a derivative from the old v. 
to DvLKh, q. V. ; also I>oyce. It seems nearly allied 
to Teut doe»-tn, polsare cum impetu et fnigore. .' 

DISHORT, D188HORT, i. 1. Displeasure. Ckron. S. P. 
2. A disappointment, Aberd. 3. Any thing prejudi- 
cial, 8. 4. Deficiency ; as, " There was a disshort 
in the weight," Roxb. — From die, and lAort, v., to 

DISJASKIT, part, pa, 1. JH^atkU-Iike ; exhibiting 
every appearance of a decay in circumstances, 8. B. 
Probably allied to Dan. jadc-er, katic-tr, sordide 
habeo. 2. Having a downcast look, 8. B. 8. Ex- 
hausted, whether in body or mind, 8. 0. OalL 4. 
Dmoikedrlookino, adj., having the a})pearance of 
neglect or disrepair. Old Mortality, 

DISJUNE, DisJOOB, DiSiOKB, «. 1. Breakfast, S. B. 
Biou. 2. To moAre a di^june of, to swallow up at 
once. BaUlie.—O. Fr. de^june. 

To DISLADIN, v. a. To unload. AcU Cha. I. 

To DI8L0ADIN, v. n. The same. Y. Ladex. 

DISMAL, «. A mental disease ; probably melancholy, 

DYSMEL, t. Apparently necromancy. PriesU Pdtlii. 
—A. Ooth. dys, dea mala, et mat, Moes. O. met, 
tempus praefinitum. Inde dismot, dies vindlctae, 

DISMISSAL, s. Dismission. 

DISNA. Does not. Bride of Lammermoor. 

DYSOUR, t. One who plays at dice. Dunbar. 

DISPARAGE, 9. Di^Murity of rank. Skene, 

DISPARASSINO, t. A term used in relation to mai^ 
riage, as denoting a connexion below the rank of the 
person. Act Dom. Cone. 
DISPARIT, DwPKXT, adj. 1. Desperate. Douglat. 
2. Keen ; violent ; incensed, S. B. Dispert is often 
used as denoting excessive ; and even as an adv. In 
the sense of excessively, 8. B. In the same sense 
diq)ard occurs. 
To DI8PARPLE, V. n. To be scattered. Hudeon. T. 

To DISPARPLE, v. a. To divide. 
DISPEACE, s. Disquiet ; dissention, 8.— L. B. dig- 

pacatusj intus, minlme pacatus. 
DISPENCE, Dtbpkxs, t. Expense.— TTyntoton.—Fr. 

To DISPEND, e. a. To expend. Air&our.— Fr. dU- 



DIBPBNIirTtl. t. BxpraMi. Ba 
PISFVTDU'S, 04*. DeiplLafnl. 

T-e Dispiixian, I, «. To aiid 

WrfMm. — S 
lurulih, S. Biaii 


To DISPOHK. B. a. Ts nikoare 
BiriFr, in • ■()«>] fnm. fipoldVn;. 
rs DUFONB t^. Ts dltpoMOf; 

lb DISPONE ijiDiiii. Bjn. 10 Diipt 
DI3P0NBB. t. Tht ptnoo u> iihi 

Ir^lj csoKjed, B. £r4Jr. Intl. 
DIBFOKBH, t. TbE pMioa wbo Iq 

pectj rroia taloiHir M uslhn, S., 

DiamSIIION, *. Dtpojltmo ; winlviliml nJ<w/aUrit 

St turrcUurc, Oordgn'f Bitt. EarU o/SvOtrt. 
}b DISFDHSE,ii.a. To dlitiorH. Jdi Cka. 1, V. 

HYSB ot {RNB. Frrtiapi (br lUw; ucd ts diaola 

DISSAIP, I, TuBocurllr. Wolbun. 
Ta DISSAE9ENT, •. n. To dluent. KcHk. 
DISSHHBILL, adj. UncloIliEd. Wallaa.— Jr. df- 


dWtili'nn ruin. E. (FoUt'i A<Burt. Pmuiei. 3, 

DtBSLB, t. Eipl. u alEDlfTiai an lUuk. Diuntr. i 
SDdu iiiiaa. wlUi Bcntfl; u, ■' Va badaaa ddco 
dliik." Pulupi ■ prgrt^laJ nrinlr it Tatutt, 
7V«I., p. ». 

r» DiaSLH, ■- i>. To nui;iu, "lo ddiltttfwaf 
du&c," Dantfr- 

DlilSOBESANCE, I. Dltabcdii^t— ?i 

DITTANrs, f DJE<nno(: dIMliieUaa, Alnrd.— 

diittant-ia. Id- 
Tn DISTANCE, V. s. Ts illiUDEDlsh, <li^d, 
uysTAHS, siimwm, 1. diikuIdii. Ifrnlow 

PVaTER, I. A dj<r, 8. Sjtnoii. UIMer. 
mSTIMKII.LEH. VDDni>^Hiu>n. 
UlSTr-KKLDKIt, 1. 1. Till! 1«>t qiWDtltr of mQl n 

To dUlistrnlili. S'iA. ■ 

To UtSTKACT. >, ■, Tnmdluruud.&lV Kn«. 
DISTBIDVLANCK. i. Tbt huih wlUi ix'fln^am. 

Jeti/n If. 
To DiaTRINYIE. ■, a. TodlKtntD, SpalH. 
To DISraUDII. DiMaoinLii, •. o. To dletoib. 


n Drt, DtTT. >. a. To Indnlff ; I 

t HDUDtluD dicen, til 

Aar Ihlng indued, 01 dloMlal br ati' 

DITION. >, DomlnLoa ; jBilidicrUnn.— Ul. *«Ha, 

DVTIT, adi. aiovlil. Ibid. T. Dditit. 
DITON, I. A 100110, — Ff. dMoo, mn Imtrtplion. 
UlTTAY, DrTT.T, DiOTrt, I. ludlcHnenl. trollau 
orv./or Bo. /dl».Ido,fl, Antiqiarv. 
DIVAN, Dllia, I, A [ui|B dint, or other lurf of 1 

J«wr riM, Utnfr. 
DIVAN. 1. A tnwll, vlld pinn., Dc kind ot rioi, 

DIVERT. I. AnuKBeDt, Bonleki. 

DIVERT, v.n. I. To lam Mide. finJUic. -Ul. 
Mttrt^tt. 3. To i»n ; ID up«nU from nwh oUiei; 
ipplled to huibiiiid mid irlfo. fmba, Suppt. Dm. 

ToDTVm.v.a. To eoTir -Itb iIlwKi. Abtrd. 
To DIVKT, >. n. To cut or oul lUmts lb. 
DITET-8BAT, t. A bonoh. u Ue dooi of ■ c«lU(t. 

tomitd ot diHfi, a. Bom. 
DTTIE, iv^. BuTlnf raucb dlH, S. D. 
DlTItOUO,!. "Tlie Blodi-liiicknl Dull : Unumi- 
1." LlDD.. H»mt. ThoitmiiDkcli kadVUu 

mUUK, 1. AanoihHyei. A«i#I<u.— Fr. ilnAi 
DITINB8. Ta WW in Ot diviHi, U <nni 11 

DIVISE,'i. 'a Kmn denollni ■ baindttT ki; 1 
lind li dITldfd ; >1» ■ pURlon of luid. u dt 
l>T iU boiioit*rlB>. Bat/am't Prnct.—I^ D. di 
dAi'M. Baa, llmltu. oiewi Ioooiudo si pradlt 
Du OikDie. 

ifCISIT. jurf. fa- 1. Appolmed. 3. Tho 
Willi K. diXird. ^«tt Ja. r.—Vi. dltiHT, u 

DVVOUB.i. Ab«ttl.rupi. .Vlrn-.-V, «™r,, 
DVO0UB[E,i. Dwl.i.-.i -■ ■ 
DIXIE,). Berwur-li''. 

DlXUC-nXIS, •. 




DIZZKIT, f . 1. A down, 8. S. Ib splaning^ used to 
denote ft certftln qoantity of yftrn, which is ft suffi- 
cient dftUy task for ft woman ; ftmoonting to ft hank 
or hes|s i. c, ft doien of cute, S. Burnt. 

DO, (pron. dee,) «. A piece of bread, S. A. — Evidently 

0. Vr. do, in piv. dot, un don, on present ; domtm; 

01. Roqoefort 

To DOfV. a. ToaraiL WaUoM. Y. Dov. 

To DO imrto; to bring into. Wyntown. 

* To DO, Doa at. To take effect ; to make impression 

vpon. Piioeottie. 
DOACH, DoAQH, «. A wear or eroire. St. Ac. 
DOB, 9. The Baaor-fish, Fife. 8yn. Spout. Often used 

as bait by the fishermen. 
DOBIS, DoBBia, «. 1. A soft, inacttye person; a 

Btopld feUow ; a dolt, Bezb. Derwicks. 2. A clown ; 

an awkward fellow ; as, " He's a oonntry do66<e," 

Bozb. *'Dob6y, a fool ; a childish old man. North/' 

Orose. — Hoes. O. doubt, seems, as Ihre observes, to 

admit of the general sense of Lat. ttupent; Su. O. 

dotft Btopidas; Alem. toub, Oerm. taub, id. ; Dan. 

tadbe, a fool, a sot, a blockhead ; Isl. dqfi, torpor, 

To DOGE down. Y. Doss down. 
DOOHEB (gutt.), t. 1. Fatigue ; stress, Aberd. 2. 

Injury, Means. 8. Deduction, Ibid. — Ir. Gael. 

dockor, harm, hurt, damsge. 
DOCHLT, ado. Perhaps for dochtdy, powerfully; 

from A. 8. doAtig. HoukUe. 
DOCHT, prtt. Gould ; availed. Y. Dow, 1. 
DOCHTBB, DouoBTVB, «. Daughter, 8. Bellendm. 
DOCHTEB^DOGHTEB, t. Onuid-daughter. Wyn- 

town. — 8w. doter dUer, id. 
DOCHTERLIB, adj. Becoming a daqghter, Abeid. 


DOCHTY, a4i. Malapert, 8. An oblique sense of B. 

To DOCK, V. a. To flog the hips. 8. Son, — Tout 
doefc-en, dare pugnos. 

DOCK, DoK, t. 1. Podez, 8. Kenmtdy. 2. Stem of 
a ship. PUooottie. 

DOCK, t. A term used, in DumfHes, to denote a 
public-walk, or parade, on tiie bank of the Nlth, com- 
poaed of ground apparently alluvial. Small vessels 
come up to this bank. — Isl. doi^ a marshy place. 

To DOCK, V. n. To go about In an ezact and conceited 
sort of way, Fife. Always applied to persons who are 
rather under the common sise, while those above this 
are said to ttage about. — Allied, perhaps, to Germ, 
docfce, a puppet ; 8u. O. dodca, Alem. toUo, id. 

To DOCK A R, V. n. To toll as in Job-work ; to labour, 
8. A. Bynon. Doefeer, q. v. 

DOGKEN, DoKBV, t. The dock, an herb, 8. Saxon 
and Oael. Bitton. 

A DAT AMABO TBB DocxBXS. 1. A stormy day, at what- 
ever season of the year, Bozb. 2. Sometims a day 
distinguished by a quarrel, ib. 

DOCKER, t. Struggle, 8. B. iZosff. Y. Dock, v. 

DOCKETIS, a^. Ezpl. "Short, round, and Jolly," 
Bozb. Apparently firom DodcU^ EL docfcsd; cut 

DOCKY, a4j. Applied to one who Is little and neat, 
and who takes short steps, S. 

lb DOCKT, DoAKT, e. n. To move with short steps ; 

always api^ed to one of small Mature, Lanarks. 
DOOKUB, «. Any thing very short, 8. 
IXIOTOB, i. The title anciently given to the masters 
sf flia H<gli4ehool of Edinburgh. The rectorship of 
ttM JQlMdUMl was once reckoned a more honour- 

able station than that of Professor of Ilumanity in 
the University. ' Oram^furtTt Univ. Edin. 

To DOCTOR one, v. a. To kill one ; to do one's buid- 
ness oompletely, dydes. ; a phrase evidently borrowed 
firom the prejudice of many of the vulgar against re- 
gular practitioners of medicine. 

To DOCUMENT, v. a. To prove ; to bring suffldent 
evidence of, 8. Blue Blanket. 

DOCUS, t. A stupid fellow, 8. — Oerm. doefce, a pup- 

DOD, t. A slii^t fit of iU-hnmour, 8.— Oael. tdoid, id. 

To Tab tbb Dobs. To be seised with a fit of sullen- 
ness or Ill-humour. Tht Entail. Y. the t. 

roDODD, V. n. To Jog, Fife.— Isl. duddett, segnipes 

DODDERBfENT, t. pi. 1. A recompense ; what one 
deserves, Ayra. Apparently used in regard to de- 
merit. 2. To put one throw hit dodderwimtt, to 
interrogate with sharpness or severity, ibid. 

DODDT, a4j. Pettish, 8. (7al<.— Oael. tdodach. 

DODDT, DoDDiT, ad{f. 1. Without horns, S. Homft. 
2. fiald ; without hair, 8. B. 

DODDIB, t. A cow wanting horns, 8. 

DODDIE-MITTENS, t. pL Worsted gloves without 
fingers, Aberd. Bleams. 

To DODDLE about, v. n. To wag about ; spoken of 
something heavy or unwieldy mqving now in one 
direction, then in another, with an easy motion, as 
a little child, or an old man, Dumfir. This seems 
originally the same with Todle, Toddle, q. v. 

DODGE, t. A pretty large cut or slioe of any kind of 
food, Boz. Loth. 8yn. Junt.—lai. toddi, integrum 
flrustum, vel membrum rei, Haldorson. 

2V> DODGE, v.n. Tojog, 8. A. Gl. Sibb. 

DODGEL, t. A large piece or lump ; as, "a dodgti tf 
bannock," Bozb. 

To DODGEL, Dcdobl, v. n. 1. To walk in a stiff or 
hobbling way, either Arom the infirmity of age, or 
from grossness of body, Ang. Loth.— Isl. datO^ 
%egris pedibus insistere. 2. To Jog on ; to trudge 
along, Lanarks. The same with Dodge, q. v. 

DODGEL-HEM, «. The name given to that kind of 
hem which is al^o called a tplay, Lanarks. 

DODGIE, adj. Thin-skinned; irritable, Fife. Per- 
haps originally the same with Doddy, id. 

DODLIP, t. When a person is in ill-humour, or dis- 
concerted at any thing, he is said to " hang a dod- 
lip,*' Bozb. Apparently fjrom Dod, a slight fit of ill- 
humour, and Ifip. Synon. with " hanging the faiple." 

DODRUM, t. A whim ; maggot, Ayrs. OaU. 

DOE, t. The wooden ball used in the game of ^inty, 
Fife. Synon. Knowt. 

* DOER, DoABB, t. 1. A steward ; one who manages 
the estates of a proprietor, 8. Factor, synon. 2. 
The attorney employed by a proprietor, for managing 
his l^al business, 8. 8. A person employed to 
transact business for another, in his absence ; synon. 
with factor, as used in E., " a substitute in mercan- 
tile affairs," S. Act. Dotn. Cone. 

DOFART, a4f. Stupid. Y. Duffabt. 

DOG, DoGBBAD, t. The hammer of a pistol or firelock. 
Law's Memorialls. 

DOG, t. A lever used by blacksmiths in thoeing, i. e., 
hooping cart-wheels, Ste., Bozb.— Teut. duyghe, de- 
notes a stave, or a beam. 

DOG, Sba-Doo. a name given by mariners to a 
meteor seen close to the horiion, generally before 
sunrise, or after sunset ; viewed as a certaiA prof- 
nostio of the approach of bad weather, 8. 




iTi, Doa-nmmvo. t. 

cmuUncA^ Absid. AppannUj 

do^ palllnj; Ht 

UUn, S. Sudd. 
Mot RKmbUDg Ih 
depDattlnc IW OH I 

.Ullt erf ■ plDiKb, CIrdM.— Bclg. a 

DOG'S 04MOVTNB. Wak-w 

Dg hold u dwi 

DOOS- HSADa. Jttt(ctuda«i'Juudi. to 

raij apeedllj Ml b/ Ibe ean. S. 
IK) Dog-tklpi. Abcrd. 


DOO'a TAMsr. t. 


OOO-TBICK. (Hi/. As inUo 

kafiPecmi. T.Tmo. 
TVfDOICK, «. a. Toilroail 
DOVCK, t. 1 A dolL hcT) 

hnrrbodT. Abk. V. Dowib. 
DOCD. K. inji, IihecnmM, flrnr 
DUID. I. A fool : II K» ; orMn drw 

DOIOULIN, (. ji dnilililnii, HfBfi 

DUIL, I. A plsco «( ADf tiling; 

DOIL'P. DniLT, a^f. 1 8lnpld;cw 
a. UthuI, S, 01. Airr.— SiL I 
fma 1 iliMlii. jiuKR \a •upon:. 

[10¥N, l>o»«, Dooir. PoOM, Dbih 


rrtaldFCTK, aoivli of tbeiiqwrtMlr«,S. 

Duan ¥na. or iamtt ftM, rttj well. B — til. daMji. i 

111. u liaeeRib wul, uMUmUf^ du wdflut, mri 

btauilfi]. from doa. w old prtniUH ar |«rael« de- J 
natini BUT thUif good, wotilir, ar hocUhiI. i 

DOING, fan. jr. To It iat^. 1 To eonUnae In 
. IHO, or w l-rocrsd loUioMnanf u beton;' 

I, S. JfovH'l ITfllHrfr*, 3 1 

t>0ISTKR.DT9TlI.t. A 
til. ftuilar, oer iDclpU 
DOISTRUT, jiarl. (k(r'. 

iij, kjT%. — TcuL di 

iruigHl frrwo. 
DOIT, 1. A nun? Kmir 

DOIT. t. A tnull coppai 

D froni Ihe oa. Auf ,^ 

, tonnerlj curRnI la B. ; 
sne pcaur Scot*, half ■ 
IB BugUfh peanjr, i>ion>u 

DOIT, I. A dlKHi 

DOIT. 1. A fool ; « 

DOrrEH, 0. ■. 

itDpor and Itulolf 

lUomlKill. S. 
. To »i>io wt 

DOrriT. DoTTiT. jMrt aij. flluirtd 
Dunior.— ObIk. dof-fli, ilellnro, Itan. 
Tn Fill Duitid, To beoouo iluiiiili oi 

1 1 

DO ITT am, I 


For. Bjo. 

4f. lu a blalt ot dauge or itnpor, B. 

DdU«>. S. PhUi-lat. 

A tlupid folio* -. k Uooktaaaa, lUr. 

Snh iHit. a. MaVoei i 
u wuTto ot !■», 8., IbUI. 




DOUriSH, t. Leg. JDo^jUL SUUUt. Aec. 

DOLrNSaS, t. Wantoffpirtt. Dtmoi^. 

DOU^ «. Dung; appUed only to thai of pigeont; 
eaUed A>«'«-dott, Banffa. 

DOLLT, DouB, DvBfc*, Down, a4f'. 1. Doll, S..lloiia- 
Uu. 2. Vapid; apirittesa; appUed to the mind, & 8. 
Poaaesstng no power of excitement, 8. Skimm'M 
IWIodaomm. 4. U Is aometimes vaed as donoltng 
the visible effect of age on poetical oompoaltion, 
iUd.- So. G. daaliot tristiB. 

DOLLTNl, parL Burled. Dumbar.—JL 8. he^kt^mt 
Id. ; Tent, doim-^n, inhomare, hnmo tegere, a^MUre, 

DOLLT-OIL, or Bbl-Dollt, «. OU <tf any kind, Aberd. 
^Wr.hmUeJMim, y.<m.]>OLLT. 

DOLPB, t. A cari^, & di>wp, UMialat.— Belg. 4apt a 
shell or husk. 

DOLPHIN, DAi.Mm. Tba denomination of a Fnneh 
gold cdu, formerly coirent in 8. Actt. Jo. //. 

DOLYBE, «. Any thfaig laige; as, " A great delaer of 
an apple,** an apple uncommonly laige, Fife. Bjn. 
with Mmldttf Imfi^ and perfaapa ftam the mme 
origin with. B.«Mek 

DOMB, t. Jttlgment; senttment. S. P. Repr, 

DOMBBOR, «. 8aid to signiiy a madman, Teviold. 

To DOM INB, V. n. To ride;:lo aot the dominie. JRorb. ■ 
J!}tf.'~ ffr. d o m i mr. 

DOMUilB, t. 1. A pedagogue, 8. Forbif. Viom the 
pnctiee of addressing the teacher In Latin, domins. 
2. A oontemptnoas name for a minister, 8. MUatm, 

DOMLUS, m^. Inactive; la a state of laaiitnde ; ap- 
plied to both maaand beast, Oricn. It is transferred 
to grain, when it has been so mooh iajored by rain, 
that the stalk Is unable to sustain the weight of the 
ear. Flamp is used as synon.— -Isl. daai-wr, gustos, 
sapor, and ltm$i, sdntus, ^ tasteless, insipid. 

DON, f. A favourite, 8; — Perhaps from Hisp. J)on. 

DON, s. A gift ; a donation, Ayrs.— Vr. 

DO-NAE-BBTTBR, «. M substitute, when one can 
ta&noOUn§ beUer, 8. 

DO-NAB-OUPB, DiirNiooon, t. 1. One who, by his 
ooodnet, gives reason to believe that he will do no 
Hood, Ayrs., South of 8. Gait. 2. One who is com- 
pletely worthless, 8. 8yn. .MVerdo-wesI. Ouy Man. 

DONATOBT, PoMiToua, s. One to whom escheated 
property Is, on certain conditions, made over, 8. 
Xrsk. Intt.^Wr. dmuUair^ L. B. doma t or k U t is 
col aliquid donator. 

DONCIK. $. A clown; a booby. Y. Doma. 

D0N6YN, Douxour, part, pa, of Ding, 

DONIB, «. A hare, Aug.— A. 8. don, damula. 

DONK, aif. Damp, B. damk. A)iiaUu.— 8n. O. 
dtmJb-en, id. 

DONK, «. Moisture ; perhaps mouldinesB. BcmgUu. 

D0MK18B, adj. Bather damp. Y. Dohk. 

To DONNAB, «. a. To stnpify, Fife. A. DtmoloM. 

DONNARD, DoiiXKa'», t. In a state of gross stupor, 
8. Ramuaiif — Oerm. d<miier-», to thunder; q. stopi- 
fled with noise, lilce bedundert. 

DONNABTNE88. «. Stupidity, 8. 

DONNAT, DoKMOT, «. A good-for-nothing penon. 
H. Mid-Loth, " DowmmofU, or DowMt, i, e., do- 
naught A good-for-nothing, idle person," York*. 

DONN'D, part, adj. Food; greatly attached; as, 
*' That cow's a donn'd brute," i. e., very fond of its 
owner, Meams.— Probably allied to Bu. G. daan-a 
(pron. don-aX animo alienaxi, dellqulum patt ; IsL 
dai»-a. Id. 

DONSIB, Dovni, t. A stupid, lohbarly fellow, Bozb. 
—Teat, douse, so o ptiwit morlonis. This 8. term 
seems to have a oommoa orlgiM with B. Ihmee, ** a 
word of uneertain otymokfYi" a« ^ohas. oAnmvos. 
8erenius refers to 8w, dunier, taemo peda pwis, 
dwns-n, rndlter gradL 

D0N8IB, Dojkhb, a4f, i. Affoetodly neat and trim; 
implying tha Idea of adf-iaportanoe, 8. Jgiiwsuy. 
2. Obliquely signifying pettish ; tesly, 8. 8. Saacy ; 
malapert, ChUlowsy. iHaaid. Am. 4. Bfoative ; ap- 
plied to a horae, 8. JEhwus. i. Heavy ; levore ; ap- 
pUed to alrokoa, Galloway. «. Unlucky; IH-fhtod, 
in regard to accidents of an unfoitonate kind, Gallo- 
wi^. Itmoid, Sooi, 7. TTnlueky, In a mond sense. 
JNmt. 8. DuU and drsaiy. Ham4lt m , 9. Some- 
times signifying stupid, Bo«b. **DomHe; donoo- 
like ; dull ; stupid," Qk aibb.-43kna. diMU-eM, to 
swdi ; intumesoere. But, peiltaps AniMie, as signify- 
ing unlttsky, 4o. i» mdkalfy a diffsreot wonl, and 
allied to Ir. and GaeL donas, domts, distress, miaery, 
ill-luck, Obrien. 

B0NTIB0UB8, DonariBOinus, $, jd. PrOhably eoorte- 
sana. Knoao.-'Wjf, ds arf sr, to tame, and bmne, the 
purse ; unless tLa last tans ha aasd to the fiooaer 
oepse mentioned bj Ootgr. 

DOOBIB, DowBii, a. A. dull, stupid feUow, Bosh. Y. 
Doata, Doaaui. 

DOOOK, Dvoc, «. atroDg eoaras eloth, Ai^ SaO- 
doodk, that uasd for aalla. Prots. dsask. StaL Aoc, 
Tout, doesk, id. ; 0«. G. diifc. 

ro.DOODLB, «. «. 1. To dandle, & B. JTerd't OM, 
2. Metaph. applied to the drone of a bagpipe. Old 
Mortality, It would seem that the vsot is IsL dv-o, 
d|g-a, redproeare, Botare, Haldorson ; pret ddd, 
dnde ; Ihiditt motabat, quassabatmr, G. Andr.— Fr. 
dod<ii-«r, dodsl^sr. Id. 

DOOF, t. A stupid fellow. Y..Bo«w. 

DOOF, Door?, «. 1. A blow with a ooftish body, as 
with a peat, doth* book, *e., Ciydes. Loth. Sonlti of 
8. 2. A hoUow-sounding iUl, like that of a loaded 
sadc coming to the ground, Itttr. For. Hoop, — ^Belg. 
deif-tn, to pud^ tohott ; dtf, a push, thrusti or shove. 
Y^ Dura. 

DOOK, $. A peg, 8.— Belg. dmttgi, Id. 

DOOL, t. The goal in a game. Y. Dou. 

DOOL^ tk To Aole 0m dool; to bear the evil conse- 
quences of any thing, Aug.— Fr. deica, grief. 

To Slim Dool. To lament ; to mourn, 8. Aims. 

DOOLIB, «. 1. A hobgobUn, 8. B. 2. A scarecrow; a 
bugbear, 8. B. — A. & deeiri, diahotus; Isl. dolg-r, 

DooL-LiEB, adj. Having the appearance of sorrow. 

DOOL,«. A laige pieee, Ayrs. Aols, B. Fieken*t 
Poemt, Y. Doiu 

DOOL, fb An Iron wp!ke tor keeping the Joints of 
boards together in laying a ftoor, Bozb. Synoo. 
JDoofe. — Tent, dol, delis, pqgio^ siea. 

DOOL, t. A blow or stroke; probably one of a flat 
description, Fife, 

DOOL-AN'BB, inUri, Alas; ateckaday, Ayrs. Dool- 
once. JPideen, Dool evidently means sorrow. B. 
dole. The termination is the same as in A l a ek an i t^ 
q. V. Perhaps It may be q. Dool an* mm, *' Grief 
and miseryj* — AJ9. umbo, «a, mleeria, aa in Walawa. 

DOOLLOUP, t. ** A steep skmtk, or glen, where two 
koMok^^To exactly oppodte to each other," Ayrs — 
Perl^M « eemMnation of dol, 0. B. dA, and hop, 
hope, ** a sloping hollow between two htlis." 

Iff mid ibou^hllui vom 

et tUfm. MtiUitrJ- 

DOOMS, ad., ftrj; nIualulclT, Soi 

"Muurrimf. T. DoiH, tai Vueu, 
IKMIMTKK, I. Odb <• 
IXWN, 1. 1, Th» FOil in « gun*. iHuun. u«]]r>wiiT. 

Sjfiiiiu. Ihiil, Diilt, S. David, <S;a>. i. Applted. 

lnm mora jmral huh, loUit plus uml for plRj ; 

», Ui Borl^ Damt, Ibt plue for |i1<>;Idk hI aartcy' 

l>Ttak, Dtuorr.— Corn, diwi, ilcnlAeii bleb, faniun. 

PiT«. 0- D, I«n. a gnen. 
To POOM. Bui™, B. a. To apMl; U ointani; lo 

DOON. Boom, odt. V«[t; 
DDONSIN, adc Very; the 

lit), ll. •%<ll('l /'^(WIII. 

bad, petliapb, Jt more Impoi 

lupertlLtiiHU, u taDtunou 
II iplrltt. The; are tlier 


E had been, Ctirr off U: 

retomLDg; I 

n> DOOESII., I. a. To beat ; U Ibunp. 
IMKIBSII^ I. A Urote; m tlinmp, lljld, PBibs[M i 
dimla. fram Doan, Dnvrt, BmA, t,. lo giTe ■ dull, 

he*TJ ltrc*B.— Belg. dou-e*, pBlHTSCDDl UnpilH. 

DOOZtL. 1. 1. Ao uocoDielr wornui, S. B. 3. A 
lial7cliUd,S. B.— bl. dwi'li, «rTU.«rTuliu. 

DUBUBI, I. Adj IhlDg th» hu (D niHwmlr appar 
■iKe, A^n.— 0»l, dairlA, ddrA, ■ worm, a reptile. 

DOHDBHUnAT. t. A hMwWb elxD M tinB-serrviU, 
■flei looilDfi the plnugb, l»w™i dinntr uid »iipp«r, 
Aug.— flu. Q. doffwerd. k nefll, frooi doff, day, uid 
iRtrd, food, HDielliEa dttmrjar. 

It eeemi, pinperlj, ta fU'tiD(« the atapor oecaBluoed 
liT dlo.— Fram Su. O. daart (pioD. dorc), atulUu, 
Atem. dor, Sn. Q. iv^-a, (l.e-, dor-a), loffetnue. 

IK)RB(.'B(EK.i. Th. door-pott. a. 

DORE-CBOOR, I. The hinge Dt ■ door, Abnd — Du, 

DUltKK. (. A unn of Ifflpmntlm Dud in Or 
ki, "Ormft Uk Tonl" Tiewed u equlnlenl H 

(AJ^. Sorrow, Dmt, Ac, like job. T. Tidw, e., 1. 
IMtKBN. Pnlwblr dan, irnllaa. 
UOBKETANB. (. The thmbsM, S. 

Tllb Dm'tlmt. Mrm. KiOi. Smt. 3. Thi Uod- 
ing idueM > door. SeDth 0(8 Itrm. 
IWRT (JOHN). TheHia>sl<wloUieJ>m«, k-flib, 
f Inb of f Mih, KMl. 

IKiniiACH, Dmioita. ■ 
DOBLtCn^i. i 

•mid. V. Oaan, 

DOBNHLL, (. UillHin, E. darnel. 

DOBMCK, Douiiici, Douiiiit, i. Lloen dsth 

nml loft, for lAe table; (mm Touciuj. Ijndiaf.^ 

Tern domlct. 
DOBNIOLE,!. The flrlporou BlenuT, S. B. KrlfuM 

i^Qoo-, 0s — Pertupi fmn Tent- do>mu. a thani] 

Belg. i ■ ■ ■■ - 


q. ', 
OOBOTY. t. 1, A 

— Gael, dorpd, a fl^ilD£-u* 

ToDORT, I. n. TohocoBitpctilib, B. SMmfi. 

DOBTV, adij. 1. tN:ILlah. S. Ulr i. ainttair. 
SaooT : nutUperl, a. 3. Applied loalenuUevlii 
Bmcj ID ber lulton, fl. Jtsnunll. *. Applied 

DOBTILIB, adv. Saudlr : applied lo the deneaai 

one who cannot eully ba pleued. S. 
DORTVKESS, 1. Pride ^ anoguiDe. i>ni#lai. 
Ta bOSBN, r. a, To etuplfj, Ae, T, Ilu»a. 

DOSOUBtS. I. fl.— Jr. donter, d 

DOSa. I, A tobacflo powh, Abei 

dug. • box. Skirirfi. 
TbDOSa, DOMII UowTii. a. Td] 

. dot, ODm. 

Tq doss down. >. n 

■it down Willi Tlolei 
DOSa, adj. Neat ; 

Urnnt nne'a ult down 

e. Bliinnir. 

■me, Clrdu,— TaU. doB<ih 

DOSaUI. adi. AppUnd U 

H>33IK, 1. A neat. weU-i 
piled t« one of anaiiU ell 
DOSBlNa, 1. pi. BumaD e 

DOaSNESa, a. HeatDeia eaioaUed wWi wop) 

DOST IV, ^r4. SrioKd •pruoetr, ircaaiily. 
DOT. t. 1. A doivd. Str IVwnia. 3. A *U 
•tupot. Z. Aeyd. 




DOT-AND-OO-ONB, «^'. Used io denote loeqaaUtj 
in motion. H. Mid-Loth. More properly, I ahould 
think, dol-and-ifo-<m, "Dot and Go One, to wad. 
die," Oroae's CUm. Diet. (The ezpresaion eeems to 
be boiroired from tke phrase need by a learner in 
the ptooess of simple addition). 

"DOTAJ}, part, pet. Endowed. BdUnden, 

To DOTGH, V. n. To dangle, Upp. Clydei. A pro- 
Tineiai rariety of Dodgt^ «., q. t. 

DOTB, «. A dowry ; marriac^ portion, Aberd. ^ynon. 
2beher.— lAt. dof , dotrii. 

DOTXD, part, pa, CHren-as a>donatloiit Attt Jo, VI. 

DOTHSB^ t. Daughter, Ang. Sou. 

DOTHIRLIX, o^;. What beioogs te» danfl^teri 
Aberd. Beo- 

To DOTTAR, DomiB, BorrsB, v. n. 1. To beeome 
■tiq>id. Moer o rtt n . 2. To roam with the appearance 
of stupor or fluuity, 8. Datid. Seat. Y. Doim. 

DOTTLB, «* A small particle, 8. Dot, IB. 

DOTTLK, a4j. In a state of dotage, 8.— Teut. «er> 
doeteU, rep oeiascens. 

To DOTTLS, V. n. To be in- a state of dotage or 
stapor, Moray, Aberd- 

To DOTTLB, V. fi. To more in a hobbling way. A 
small pony, that takes veiy short steps, is said to be 
a doUlim creature, Loth. Peihaps radically the same 
with Todd^ a. t. 

DOTTLE, t. A stqiper or stopple. 

DOTTLE, $. The refuse of it pipe of tobacco; what Is 
left at the bottom of the pipe. Loth. ?ife.--Sn. G. 
d^ laL dupt, pulYis, di^pi-o, pidverem ejioere. 

DOTTUTfjMM^. adj. In a state of dotage, Bt B. Per- 
haps rather more emphatical than DoitU. 

DOT ATT, #. A thin turf; the same with* Dioet. 

DOUBLE, adj. Applied to capItaL letters in the 
alphabet; as, *'a doMbte letter,** a capital letter. 
Aberd. Partly exemplified in B.doiiMeU,i.e.W. W. 
BeaUi^t P. Syn. ifucfele ; as " moekle a,** or A. 

DOUBLE, DowBLi, t. An exact copy ; a duplicate, 
8. BaQlie. 

To DOUBLE, «. a. To take a duplicate c^, id. 

DOUBLE-SIB, adj. BekUed both by liather and 
mother, 8. V. Sib. 

DOUBLET, DowBLBT, t.— Fr. doMH, "a Jewel, or 
•tone of two pieces, joined or glued together,'' Gotgr. 

DOUBLET, t. A jacket, or inner waistcoat. To 
Brett one's Doublot, to give one a sound drubbing, 
B.B. Metton'tP. 

DOUBTIT, adj. Held in awe ; reboubted. PittcoUie. 
O. Fr. dmU-er, cxaindre, redoubter ; douti, crainte, 

DOUCE, Dovsa, adj. 1. Sedate ; sober; not lighter 
fHrolons, 8. BamMyi 2. Modest, as opposed to 
light or wanton conduct^ 8. Z. Of a respectable 
character, 8. Burnt. 4. Soft ;• soothing ; as ap- 
plied to music.— ^. doax, douco, mild, gentle ; Dan. 

dlMM, id. 
To DOUCE, e. a. To knock, Fife. A. Douglai.^The 

same with Dofce, Ang., and DumA, q. v. 
DOUCE, f. A stroke ; a blow, 8. Y. the v., and 

DowBT, Todd. 
DOUOE^AUN, adj. Walking with pmdence and cir- 

comqiection ; used as to conduct, Buchan. Tarraa^t 

DOUCELT, ado. Soberly; prudently; sedately, 8. 

B mmt. I 

D0U0ENB8B, t. Bobrlety; sedateness; decent, 8. | 


DOUCHEBDE, «. A dukedom. JR. CSstlyean 
DOUOHT (putL), t. A. stroke or Mow, Buehan^ — 
CNmL doiMe, denotes pangs ;. Tent doekent dare 
pugnos, ingerexe yerbera. 
DOUCHTT, DuoHTiB, adj. 1^ Yaliani^ courageous; 
like B« doMifktif. S« It is new almost entirely con- 
fined to bodily strength ; powerful, Tigoroiis ; aynon. 
Stujffle, 8. 8. It is also used ironically, as in E. 
" Thatfs a diaaktie' dlrd, indeed f especially if one, 
after promising much, peifoims little, 8.— A. 8. 
doktiff, nobiiis, strennns, fortis. 

DOUD, t. A woman's cap with a caul, Ang. 

DOUDLAB, «. The roots of the Bog-bean, Menyanthes 
trifiriia, Unn. ; an aquatic plant of a rery Utter 
quality, sometimes used ai a stomachio, Boxb. A, 

To DOUDLEj V. a. To dandle. Y. Dooou. 

DOUDLE, t. The root of the common Beed-gmaa, 
Arundo phragmitea, found, partially decayed, in 
morasses, of which the children in the Bonth of 8. 
make a sort of musical instrument similar to the 
oaten pipe of the ancients, Boxb. — Peihaps C. B. 
deoda w i, ** enuneiatlTe qyaking." 

To DOYE, v.n. To be in a doting state ; to be half 
asleep^ Fife. Synon. Dover, q. t. — It is evidently 
the same with 8cL Q. dt^fm-oi stiqwre ; Tent, dooo-en, 

DOYE-DOCK, t. The Coltsfoot Agr. Swrv. Caiikn. 

To DOYEB, «. a. Used aa- signifying to stun ; to 
stupify, Ettr. For* ; but Daiver is the prooer pro- 
nunciation. HoffQ' Y. Dausb, DAiraa. 

To DOYEB, V. M. To slumber, i. ; qrnon. sloom, 8. B. 
A, Douglat.—IA. ditfw-a, stiqMre. — Isl. dnr-a is 
rendered by Haldorsourper interralla dormlre, which 

. exactly eiq;>resses the sense of our word. 

DOYEB, t. A slumber, 8.— Isl. dmr, somnls levls. 

DOYEBIN', pea*, adj. Occasional ; rare. 

DOUERIT, Downrr, part. pa. Drowsy- Douglat, 

DOUF, Door, t. A dull stupid fellow. DwiU>ar. 

To DOUF, V. n. To become dull. To dov^and ttupe, 
to be in a state of languor and partial stupor. Loth. 
Y. DowF, Dolt, a4j. 

To DOUF on, v. n. To continue in a slumbering 
state, Selkirks.— Evidently the same with Su. O. 
dq/Vo-a, stnpeftusere, hebetare, stnpere. Y. Dowr, a^. 

To DOUFF, «. a. To strike forcibly ; as, Tefve dkn^ITt 
four ba* </er Ae dikt. Ton have driven your ball 
over the wail. Loth.— Belg. doff-en, to push, to beat; 
or from E. Doff^ v. 

DOUFF, t. A dull, heavy blow, Aberd. 

D0UFNE8S, t. Dulness ; melancholy, 8. 

DOUGH, t ExpL "a dirty, usdeaa, untidy, Ul-diessed 
person," Boxb.— Probably a metaph. use of the E. 
term, as denoting the material of bread ; espedally 
as Daiohie is nsed^in.a similar sense, and Isl. deig. 
V. Daigh. 

BOUGHT, t. 1. Strength; power, Ayrs. Pidcen.— 
A. 8. dtundk, virtus, valor, potentia ; firom dng-an, 
valere. 2. A deed ; an exploit, Fife. 

DOUGLAS GROAT. The name of a groat of the reign 
of James Y. PitaooUie. 

DOYIE, adj. Stupid ; having the appearance of men- 
tal imbecUity, Fife. Hence, 

DOYIE, t. A person of this description. Ibid.— 8u. G. 
dofw-a, dttfo-a, stnpefaoere, h^>etare; dofuho, stuperr; 
doe/, stupidus ; Isl. da(^ torpor, dofin, ignavus, Ac. 
Y. Dowr, and Daw, 1. 1. 

To DOUK, DowK, Dock, v. a. To plunge into water ; 
to put under water. DougUu. 



Tb dock, 1-. B. I. To dlM OBier ntcr ; I 
DOtrjI, 1. I. The Ht or plimtliiK Into nlct 

DOULR PALH. A pall ; 

tWUNO, jw(. ps. Slni 

lbj Ifelni Ih 
IB Rgftrd lo froirth or ocn 
lit! ■Id gfitpmj child « 

in UldKiipa'. «r ItaiJcrr, 

gm*. ?ire : itd. Owlfiif , 

Ibe Iswer [an. kc, Clfdi 

tlOUNWITtI, a4f. D«e»illD(:iu,4 dowMfMnail, 

DCICNWITH, adi. I. OowBwtnli, 3, ITaUaH. %. 
Aiai. ni Mt I>ini»»U>. dooDinnl^ a g. Hc- 

laomulel ■tlh ilinilBu. B. i:itl(.~A. S. odw., 

ilr>wu»iinl» wllh * iinldeii )»r», B. Jtwivrwn. II 
To limr. u beeoiu flsaa/ ; kppllvl U thr vulhtr, 
lADkrkt. I. DenatJDjt Uiv mppnoh of vtanliw; •■, 
" Thi itaf li tt*J»*(i# d»«^" t. »., (hi. Klooiii o( Bliilil 

IWtrp, Davr. t»OLr, i. 1. Thi biusb s> 

POCB. Dom, aiV. 1 lUrO. Lfiklav. 1 Bald ; 
lutiTpId, DmipltlM. i- Bsrdjr. 171100, Mth dtf/, 
DhvIu <, InBtilbla ; uMdnWr, E. Datiglai. (. 

bli lart," VIK 8. a. 10. ll l> HMUIimts ippllad u> 

Uul cue DiDim on It ullh dlRciillr. UUi. Uljida. 
9ja. hiHpk, S. «.— Ut. iturv ; 0. H. ilner, Hdu. 
DOCRDON, (. lpp«mii.'e, Ijnfa. Rmftwwi.— C. B. 
dvyn, to Kppvkr, M rlH up liito flcw» i£wyreail, ■ 

IKItnilN''. part. jr. Apputnttji 

iKii:ni,y. iid>. i. without uei 

DOCBNBSS, DoflBUBS, t. OIuUbu;; i 

5u»n end CcMi. 
OOCB^KSD. •. Ttie Dune glfni ta ■ I 

IMCaTV, Lt(. dniHy. Ohmh Md Oot. 
HOUSE, (v(f. Bolid. V. Ooooi. 
-^USS.i. ilb)oit;iitn»a. V. Deion. 
DOUeS »< Aiili. A (u-Mm : 10 lit lbs 

ad)- Douhlful. TwOKlll. 
UOirrtlC-H, riiV. l. Ugiiotinf. tfatOn. 9. Dd- 
ceiuinutatbevTent. BtUtiidm. 




4. It denotes inability to endure, in whateret Mnee. 
** H« damna be contradicted," he cannot bear contra- 
difttlon. ** Thej domka be beaten,** tbej cannot 
submit to be defeated, SoaUi of 8. 6. To dare, 
Abwd.— Te^t. doeoh-en, pcodesss. 
DOW, «. Worth; avaU. OL Sibb.— Tent. doo^A, 

DOW, «. 1. A dore, 8. DcmgUu. — A. 8. chnia, Dan. 

dM, id. 2. A fondlinff term, 8. (M MaridUt$. 
IV DOW, V. n. 1. To thilTe, as to health, 8. Ams. 

8. To ttirlve, in a moral sense, 8.— Alem. douel-en, 

diafc in, eceacere, prolUwre. 
Ta DOW, «. n. 1. To &de ; to wither, 8. Ftrffu^n. 

5L To lose freshness, 8. Bamtaf. 8. To dose, 8. & 

Bom. 4. To neglect, 8. B. Morimm. A. The part. 

deie'd is applied to meat presented in « Inkewann 

state, Bozb. — Alem. douu-tn, perire. 
To DOW, V. a. JExpl. *'To go quickly ; to hasten,'* 

Meams; vith the pron. following; as, "Tell dote 

ye doone to yon change'house.'* (HdStmg. 
DOWATT, «. A thin, flat turf ; the same with JHwtt, 

q. ▼. Aett Jo, VL 
DOWATTY, 0, A siUy, foolish person, Xdln— Per- 

hafs a corr. of B. doiocfy. But Y. Daw, a sluggard. 
DOWBABT, «. A stupid fellow. Dmnbar. Y. Dow- 


DOWBBBCK, «. A ^edes of flsh, AbenL—Oael. 
dmbkbreaCy a smelt. 

DOWGATB, «. A pigeon-house ; pronounoed DoobU. 
Ado Ja. ir, 

D0W0HSPBRI8. Dowbt Pnia, «. pi. The twelre 
peer% the supposed companions of K. Arthur. TTyn- 
tutmn, — O. Vr. Ua dammperot or pain. 

nOWED^prtL Was able, South of 8. AiUiquart. Y. 
Dow, «. 

DOWl, Dolt, aiT/. 1. Destitute of courage or anima- 
tion, 8. Doufflat. 2. Melancholy; gloomy, 8. 
Bam t ap , 8. Lethaigic Jkmoku. 4. Hollow; 
applied to sound, 8. A. 8illy ; friTOlous, 8. Sunu. 
6. Inert ; wanting force for Tegetation, applied to 
ground ; dote/ land or ffround. Loth, and other 
counties.— 8u. O. do^, id. 7. Wanting the kernel 
or substance ; a dtm/nit, « rotten nut, 8. 8. Dull 
to the eye : thick ; as, *' a dow/dtj f a hasy day ; 
« phrase used by old people, Loth. 9. Unfeeling ; 
unlmpreasible, 6alloway.~8u. G. da^f, stupidus; 
IsL dovp-r, subtrlstis. 

DOWYABT, DoFABT, a4j. 1. Destitute of spirit, 8. ; 
pron. as Gr. v. Poemi Buchan Dial. 2. Dumpish ; 
melancholy, 8« 8. Feeble; inefBcient, 8.— Prom 
dowf, and Sn. G. art, Belg. oerf, disposition. 

DOWFABT, DoorAET, t, A dull, inacUTS feUow, 8. 


DOW YD, pret. Bndowed. TTyniowM.— Pr. dnhor. 
DOWIBLY, adv. 1. Badly, S. M'NtiU. 2. Causing 

the feeling of dreariness and melancholy, 8. B. 
DOWKAB, t. A diTcr. JTeniMdy.— 8tt. G. dofcore, 

Belg. <fa«ycfeer, id. 
DOWL, 9. A large piece ; as, *' DovbIU qfckoete,** Pife ; 

i^non. X>aiod.— Apparently the same with B. dole, 

which has been usually derived fh>m A. 8. doeZ-an, 

to dlTide. 
DOWLBSS, ckil;. 1. PeeUe; without energy. "Dote- 

less, more commonly Tkowleu or TKataltUt Toid of 

eneigy," GL 8ibb. Boxb. Y. Dolbsb. 2. Unhealthy, 

Ayn. Pidom. Y. Dow, to thrive. 
To W)WUDAF, o. a. To corer the head, espedaUy by 

dmwing vp a part of the dress with this Tiew, or by 

pnlUng any thing orer it, Ittr. Por. Hoff^,—8u. 6. 
doe^a, to conceal, to hide, and 8o. G. happa ; Dan. 
iMvgpe, a long and wide gown, a doak. Thus, to 
dowlicop might signify, to coTtf or conceal the head 
in the lap of one's doak or mantle. 

DOWUX-HOBN, t. A horn ihat hangs down, Bttr. Por. 

DOWLIB-HOBNT, adj. Haring drooping horns, ibid 
— Perimps tnm 0. B. d(${, a wind, bow, or turn, 
dolen, id., doIciMc, to cnnre, to bend, or bow, to wind 

DOWNA. 1. EzpresslTe of Inability; as, Idmona, I 
am not able, 8. 8. Occasionally denoting want of 
inclination, even rdnotance or disgust, 8. Y. Dow, 
«. n. 

DowvADO. Bzh&ustion of age. Bmmo. 

D0WNAN8, t. pi. Green hUlooks, Ayrs. Burnt.— 
Tout, duynen, sand-hills or hiUo<^; CHmL dmiaw, 
"aUtaehiUorfort." Y. DuK. 

DOWN-BY, ode. Downwards ; Implying the Idea that 
the distance is not great. 

D0WNGA8T, «. Orerthrow, 8. 

DOWNUOMB, IK>iniooMB, $. 1. Act of desoendlng. 
Boufflat. 2. A unit in whaterer sense, 8. 8. Orer- 
throw. jeicddAnoM. 4. Degradatien in rank, 8. 

DOWN-DING, #. A rery heavy fall of laln. ^ynon. 
Bvon-dotm-pouTt Aberd. Meams. 

DOWNDBAUGHT, $. Whatsoever depresses, 8. 

DOWNDBAW, «. 1. Overioading wdght The same 
with DowndroMokt, Ayrs. Fieken, 2. 8ome unto- 
ward circumstance In one's lot ; as, a profligate son 
is said to be " A downdraie 4n a/kmUjf.** It is used 
to denote anything that hangs as a dead weight on 
one, Boxb. 

DOWN-DBUG, t. What prevents one fkom rising In 
theworid, Banfl^. 

DOWNB-OOMMING, s. Descent ; the act of descend- 
ing. Forbei on the BovelatUm. 

DOWNB-GBTTING, t. Success in obtaining a redoc 
tion. Aberd. Iteg. 

DOWNFALL. Dowhva*, «. 1. A declivity in ground; 
a slope, Bttr. Porr. Hogg. 2. WimUr down/utt, 
the practice of allowing the sheep to deeoend from the 
hills in winter to the lower lands lying contiguous, 
8. A. Agr. Suro. Pee&. 

DOWN-HEABTBD, a4/. D^ected, 8. GoU, 

DOWN-r-THB-MOUTH (pron. doon), adj. D^ected ; 
as, net a«e doun f the mouth wC thai netet, 8. This 
seems exactly analogous to the B. tenn €kop-fcUUn, 

DOWN-LYING, «. The act of taking a positton before 
a fortified place, in order to besiege it Momr&t 

DOWNLYING, t. The state of partorition. At ike 
down-lying, about to be brought to bed, 8. Awnalt 
of the Parish. 

DOWNLOOK, t. 1. Dissatisfketion, or displeasure, as 
expressed by the countenance. Pitaeottie. 2. 8oom ; 
contempt, 8. Bon. 

DOWNMOST, DowHXBXon, a^. Farthest down, 8. 
The latter Is used, Peebles. Jacobite BeUeo, 

DOWN-POUB, $. An excessively heavy flsU of rain, 8. 
Agr. Sunt. Hebridei. In the South of 8. this word 
is geneimlly coi^oined with even ; as, an e e s w dowt- 
DOWN-POUBING, «. Bflteion, 8. 
DOWN^SBAT, «. Settlement is to sUwtlon, 8. O. 

imbta prtdCi or Lnjun 

I ciulilltbDieDt, & 


•iJrtad/iil diwK 
9Drt, B. BliUii. 
u( liiiot, B. aote 

IKiWN-antOT, tr.a. TodoVray. SHmMr. 
SOWNTAK. I, Cinw of lrab«dlll;ri B. 
To DOWP diwin. >. n. V. DutiF. >. 
DOWRB. a itinii-Iy. hirdl;. ITynlowH. 
DOWOIEO, DowAuu, I. Donfu, jtcM Mv 

Don's, i.jil. PJgnni. 

(tarifiln coDicnUion Ollhoiu Ihii >llBhHa'l fuu 
tlDD, Ani. ; iqulnlcut W tbs E. ptuwe, lu dn 

A SBOT IXAHH TDK Dow8^ A pbnH AppUetl Vi 

(blDgUuU k doQii u nndoia, B. Lath. 
DOVIIIT, part, pa. Feared. BarfcrHT.— Fi. dmd 

VOmK, a4J. U^iniUTs,S.— Iri-doitA, iDii 

tiuit, iiiutiiiir. 

IWK'D, pari. adj. Applied la Ihlogi In an diui 
utile ; u, ■■ Jut'd Ombor ;" " • ifcu'il i»lp r "«» 
B rops Uikl ire imBI lor use, B. V. Dimii. i. aoi 

DOEB, (. A doH : u maoh M ooa ukeiM ■ I 

■ To DOTK, «. 


Aboy'ilDp Uulil tailii». 

f ' DOZE-BROWN, wd'. DwoUag a iDuir (wloar, oi Ihal 

I of Ihe toi. Fire. 

I To DOZBN, Dosia, «. o. 1. To ituplfj. flartnir. 

L Denotliut ImpoteDcj. Aannr- — Bu. Q. daait, 

tIaplBnl : 111. ilai-at, luguere. 
L To DOZKN, 0. B. To bMonM loip'*. ».. "j. 
I To DHAB, X. a. Td avol : lo lUla, Abcnl, 
I l^RAQ.J- A iqwl ; ■ ilKlD. ibUt. — Dui. I'radV. intrup ; 

I SnADLBIJ, DniiuLa 
llijuld food ■limn 
1i BiUuK, B. 
T)KAULOCtI (ma.). 

r- 1 

.—Tsui. droMi !■ nndtml dnta ; IM(. 

Sj. Thai Ihs Mm nkil'l br bonvtft 
fnm Ui|iHn. Qui. dral>Jl.lierUeBU;*lU(4. lafal- 
fjlSK (i»iBi, •nd *-riiAoij, diTgt, IKL 
DRACHLB. t. One atiD It tloR In dolsn mnj Iblng, 

it dngglog big 

CnAFr-OniAP, o^. Lmr-prlod; q, dmpMfnlu, 

ttuiliTai. rodiiaJWII. 
BRAFFV, urfj. at Inftrinr qiBlJPr ; sppllnl u IKibw 
" - LoD la ibt mini. 8. a 


DBA 00 LB, f. A 

IVain't Fbd. Itor. T. Wtujiaio. 
DBAQON, 1. Apipnhlu, S. 
DSAOOONBB, I, A dIl«i»D. 'paldiHf. 
DBAOOnN, (. rursuxh-opiin, to gin npUmUl 

tiu7 pxecnllDU. Barbour. 
DRAIBLT, oiO. BpAHcd vllh droMa, S. 
DBAIBLY, 1. A bib, cr unall pl»e at UnsL oicd b 

oorer * chlld'i bnuut, to preHrre lu eletban fnn 

being Bllcd wlthdm^orclDU of liqulil food, lolli. 

UBAICH, Duianii (gull,), i. A lu;. Itnplih, bh 
DKAIO. Dun. DiEi 

whith frtqneBBj 
IT hur-lTlog plHa. 
«.' fli. 

Aotlq. n. Jtou/ar-arai), 
coeotBii, lotnni. Su. Q.dro 

Sjnoo. DnwBf., <\. T. Coi 
BAIES. I. In tit draiki 

To DBAKB, Vnui, Du>i. *. a. To drcack, E. 
£<»iiul|iiu /Vimu.— 111. droctr^o, aqali gbruD. 
RAM, adj. 1. MeUneliol/. B. a fln™, t-jann. 
Dourlai. 3. IndUtenm, S. B. £ta,—la, drBWU, 

DRAU-HKABrSIl, odj. Depreucdiaq>Ull.B. Lolli. 

lAHOCS, DiuHioB. DmnHuocE, t. 1. Mul ud 

)hL clnH>a«. 3. An^ Iblng Ixtied id Um tlMe (d 

EANDEllINa, (. The cbonB or ■ nDit, Afn.— 
Perfaape rram Oael. drandun, '■hammlu iKrifcai 
liDglni," Bbiiir. 

PKANaLR,*,«. ToloiIcrbehlodoUunMiKnMd, 
:*th. Drutat lynon. Baf.« fit*. AppanoUf ■ 

rv DRANT. DiciiT,'<>. n. I. Tvdnwl, or dnv oU 
word., 1 a. To put in ■ Bedim wj, », 
Ion. — 111. dryH, ilTHndf, Du^R , Vva, ^wJ- 

UlITf. tD«Ur, llRfll," Wolff. 

DBANT. DuimT, ). 1. A dnwllof 




from a hlgli peipendicalAr place, not ty leaping, bnt 
by lectins go one'a bold It ia used botb aa «. a. and 
n,; aa, ** He drappU the wo,** i. «., the wall ; or, 
" He dntppU fnu the window." 

DRAP-DK-BEBRT, t. Fine woollen doth, made at 
Berry in Fmnce. W(U$on't CoU. 

BRAP IN THE HOUSE. "There'a ft drop if the 
houae," a prorerbiftl phrase used to intimate that 
there ia aome person in company who cannot be 
traated, and that therefore others most be on their 
gnmid fts to all that they say or do, 8. Borrowed 
from the erident insufficiency of a roof or wall which 
admits the imln. 

DRAPPEB, «. ▲ dlminntiTe firom Drapt ftS signifying 
ft rery small portion of liquor, 8. Bums, 

BRAPPIT BOOS. Tried eggs ; q. dropped into the 
frying-pan, 8. 

DRAPS, «. pi. Lead drapt, small shot of every de- 
scription, 8. 

I\» DBATOH, Dbitoh, v. n. To linger, 8. B.— Isl. 
draU-Of s^rniter procedere. 

lb DRAUGHT, V. a. To draw the breath in long 
oonrulsiTe throbs, 8. — 8w. drootu, id. 

DRAUGHT TEUMPBT. War trumpet. DougloM. 

DRAUGHT, Deauobt, t. Lineament of the face. Z. 
^Bajfd. 2. An artful scheme, 8. i2uaei/ord.~Tent. 
dra§ktt reatigium. 

DRAUGHT, «. The entrails of a calf or sheep ; the 
pluck, 8. 

To DRAUGHT, v. a. To make a selection in a flock 
by choosing out and selling off the bad, 8. 0. Agr. 
Sun. €h U. 

DRAUGHT BWB. A ewe that is not reckoned fit for 
breeding, that ia picked out flrom the rest either for 
being fkttened, or if already fat, for being sold, Boxb. 
8ya. OaU Ewe. 

DRAUCHTIE, DaiuoBTT, adj, 1. Designing ; capable 
of laying artful schemes, 8. Oait. 2. Artful ; crafty ; 
applied to the scheme itself, or to discourse, 8. ibid. 

DRAUGHTS, DaiuoBTS, «. pi. Light grain blown 
away with the chaff in winnowing, Galloway. Taili, 

DRAUGHT, t. A draft for money, 8. Rou, 

DRAYB, t. 1. A droTe of catUe, 8. 2. A shoal of 
fishes, 8. Statist. Aec 8. A crowd, 8.— A. & 
drqf, agmen. 

To DRAUK, V. a. To drench; to soak, Galloway. 
Bern, Nitks. Sono, Y. DaiKa. 

DRAW, s. A halliard ; a sea term, Shetl.~l8l. drag- 
re^ funis dnctorius, from droQ-Of ^ dmw. 

* To DRAW, V. n. 1. To be drawn out in spinning. 
Aberd. Reg. 2. To filter; to ooxe, 8. B. 

To DRAW oteTf v. n. To be delayed. Pitsoottie. 

To DRAW to or tOl, v. a. ''It'll draw to rain;" a 

phrase commonly used, when, from the appeamnce 
{jt the atmoei>here, it is belleTed that ere long there 
will be rain, 8. This is a 8w. idiom. 

To DRAW to or till, v. n. Gradually to come to a 
state of affection, or at least of compliance ; as, "For 
as skelgh she looks, she'll draw tUl him yet," 8. 

To DRAW to a head. To approach to a state of ripe- 
ness, 8. Spalding. 

To DRAW one's Pau. To gire over. Shirrrfs. 

To DRAW up with. 1. To enter into a state of fa- 
miliar intercourse, or of intimacy ; used in a general 
aenae, 8. 2. To be in a state of courtship, 8. OaXt. 

DRAWARI8 or GLAITHE. Those who stretch out 
doth so as to make it measure more than it ought to 
do. Acts Jo. V. 

* DRAWBAGK, «. A hinderanoe ; an obstmctlon, 8. 
DRAWIN GLAITH. Gloth drawn out so as to make 

it measure more than it ought to do. AdM Jo. V. 
To DRAWL, «. n. To be slow in action, 8. -^ Tent. 

<2rae^«», cunctari. 
DRAWLIE, adj. Slow, and at the same time slovenly, 

Lanarka— Tout DraeUgh, cunctabnndus^ deses, 

ignavus ; from droel-en, cunctari, tardare. 
DRAWLING, s. 1. Bog Gotten, or Moss^rop, a 

pUnt, Peebles. Pennecuik. 2. The Scirpus caespi- 

tosna, Linn. Y. Liso. 
To DRB, DsiB, DasT, v. a. To endure, 8. Baghcfmr. 

—A. 8. dreog-an^ pati. 
^To DREAD, V. a. To suspect This sense is, I 

believe, pretty general throughout 8. This is merely 

an oblique use of the term as dgnlfying to fear. 
DEEAD, t. Suspicion ; as, " I hae an ill dread tf 

you ,*" I have great suspicion of you, 8. 
DREADER, t. One given to suspect others, S. ; pron. 

q. dreeder. 8. Pr^v. " HI doers are aye 111 dreoclers." 

* To DREAM. An old rhyme has been transmitted in 

Teviotdale concerning dreaming of (he dead. 

To drMm of tho dMd baf ore daj, 
I« hMtjr nowt Mid mod away. 

DREAMINO-BREAD. 1. The designaUon given to 
bride's cake, pieces of which are carried home by 
young people, and laid under their pillowa A piece 
of this cake, when slept on, is believed to possess the 
virtue of inaking the person dream of his or her 
sweetheart, 8. 2. The tenn is also applied to the 
cake used at a baptism. This is wrapped up in the 
garment which covers the posteriors of the infant, 
and afterwards divided among the young people that 
they may sleep over it, 8. Marriage. 

DBEARTSOME, adj. Having the characters, or wag- 
gesting the Idea of dreariness, 8. B. Boss. — A. 8. 
dreorig, moestua^ and som, dmills. Dull. 

DRECHOUR, «. A lingerer. ColkeU>ie Sow. Y. 
DaiTCH, Dbktch, v. to lii^er. 

DRED, pret. Dreaded. BdUnden.—A. 8. cuEraed^n, 

DREDGE-BOX, s. A fiour-box, with holes perforated 
in the lid, 8. Dredger, £. ; Bailey, Todd. Galt^s 
Steam Boat. 

DREDOUR, DaiooKB, t. 1. Dread; drOher, 8. B. 
Douglas. 2. Apprehension, 8. B.— A. S. draed, timer. 

DREEL, t. A swift violent motion, 8. Skinner.— A 
dreel & wind," a hurricane, blowing weather," Gl. 

To DREEL, V. n. 1. To move quickly, Ang. Boss. 2. 
To carry on work with a speedy motion, 8. B. Far- 
mer's Ha'. — Teut. driU-en, motltare. 

DREEN, part. pa. Driven, South of & 

DREFTD, pret. Drave. Wallace. 

DREG, s. A very small quantity of any liquid, 8. The 
8. retains the singular form of Id. dreg, Su. G. 
draegg, faex. 

DREGGLE, s. A small drop of any liquid, S.— Su. G. 
dregel, saliva. 

DREGY, Dbrgt, Diboii, t. 1. The funeral service. 
Dunbar. 2. The compotation of the funeral com- 
pany after the Interment, S. Herd. — From the Lat. 
word dirige, frequently repeated In the office for the 

To DREGLE, Driiglb, v. n. To be tardy, 8. Y. 

DREG-POT, t. A tea-pot, Ol. Picken, 8. 0. This 
seems to be merely a corr. of Trafk-pot, q. v. 

DREICH, DsiBOB, t. A stunted, dwarfish person, 
Rozb. ; merely the provincial pron. ofDroich, q. v. 


J. DuFos, ruf;. 1, anv, S. AoB. t. Tfdlfns 
tamp, 3. MontgufHerit. 3- DcaaUigr dlnLKDCC 

DKBICHUB. odi. aimrjj. u OcDtFUnii Isiit ( 

uee, a. Sanf CMi/car, 
DOSICaNGSS. I. eui»Di!if;Md1ouaiuii.S. 
DBBIK, 1, KKremenl,— TmL drwt. Oi. St 

To Atll Id dropft, 
■1. drc^o, Id. 
It of ilrfptilng. " 

:!. S. ; » drencbnl irl 

U> drip, E.- 

TuddBcend pefpcDd^culvlj from 

•1, "There ihecgmei dnnjriii'," 
piinatlj bonw^l (mm tbe elcm 

uj apparent iDtenii, &- 

DRBIPtE. I. An InuUH f<D>le. Clr<>' 
DBEIRII, 1. LuK.Jeln, liilrl. Fiirtli 
DBKHUaT, ]»». a>(/. D 
»iii. i obtioMlj coir, frot 

i- Ifry mill ftiraindt 

Leep- IhmoJaa- — 111. dra^ 
dldBptlM, fiwIcrlM. 

Driullng nln. S. SiinH. 
Ajn. 1 U<iU>pl> ■|i|ill ~ 
tellcsail DBiuutuBeut. 

h drap. S. JtBHuoiF. 3. 


DRICHTTNH,!. Thelrfrf. 1 

ri DRl&DSR, 

To uaiDDLE. 1 

DRrDDLB, t. pi. 1. ' 

i>f a alaofbtered %n\a 
DKIDDLINS, (. f(, T 

, B,— Otno. (rodti. trndl. 
DIKE, Dn^uiDni, I 

DRIE9IIACB, ). TbEdiauDl 

'Ki, a. B. 

Old'. Vrlfild 

DBirrV. 11.9. AbamidlDR Mtli uiiK-di 
KRT-OATR-FLOIV, i. The pl»i obon 


iwlUi Itiy-fariuii, lb 

DBtHUCK, ■. TlieBUD<»Opa»dk, SlaUH. A 
IICLTC&BS "QuaUUn of eorn paid B 
I. vhether Ue trnjin ftiwl br not.' DM. <<■■ 
A £aw. 
<I>i3,>. Ci>UDeH^nBliila(bcUiiB.S. SpaUt 

ma.— III. 




fV VBIJXQ, «. «. To obtain with dlffleoltj, 8. £. 

Henrysoiie.— Belfc. dtk»§eti, to uifo ; to prwi. 
T» DRING, v.n. To be sloir, 8. B. 
BBINe, o^. BiUtoi7,8.B. Boa. 
lb DBINO, l^BUOB, V. «. To iound M a kottlo before 

boiling. Bnmmy. 
DRING, «. The noise of a leetUe befbre it boUi. 
DKINQ, t. X. A lenrant. £yiM(M|f. 8. A miaes. 

Bmmnmtfma Poemt.—Sw, 4r«ng, id. 
fb DBIIIQLB, v.n. TO be dlatory, 8.; a 41mtn. Arom 

3b DBINK BXrORS ^m4. To aotloipate vbat one wb 

Jnst about to say, 8. Kdlf, 
BRINK-SILyEBt «. 1. Anciently one of the perqni- 

sites of office in Chancery. Aett Cfto. J. S. Tails 

fif%a to serranta, 8. MnOurford. 
PSINKIN-80WSN8, «. jil. Flammery lo thin that it 

may be drank, contrasted with tufghk'toutena, q. t. 
BBTNT, fni. Drowned. Douffios.— A. 8. odrenct. 

DBnTLt. V. n. The 

with B. 

drAMe, Aberd. 

DBT 80HBU8. Diy ftAelc, the pan of a night-stool, 
or night-box.— Tent ockoei, scyphos, 8. afceel. 

DBY80MB, a4i. Insipid, Bttr. Vor. Hogg. 

DBT8TBR, $. 1 . The penMm who has the charge of torn- 
ing^anddryM^lbe^gimininakiln. TifiB. Lamone$ 
IHmy. 8. One whose bosiness is to dryelothata 
Meadifleld, 8. 0. A. WOmm's Poem». 

DBT BTUILLu A dose stool; sometiniei ealled a 
Drf Seat, 8. V. Dar SoHaus. 

DB¥ TALK. A phrase apparently need in the High- 
lands of 8. to denote any agreement that Is settled 
wtthont drinking. Snaon and Oati, 

To DBITB, V. n. Bzonerare Tentrem ; pret drate^ 
d^8. IHnhe rto n. Thisisa wordof greatantiquity ; 
as being the same with laL dryt-Ot ^ferere, cacaie. 

7V» DBITHBB, «. n. 1. To fear ; U dread, Ayrs. 2. 
To heritaie, ibid. T. DmBDOtra. 

DRITHEB, t. Dread. Y. Daiooira. 

* To DBIVB, V. a. To delay, or to prolong. JtoUodt. 

DBTTB, «. T. KirriHO Lnra. Perhaps a line for 

To DBIZZBN, o. m. To low as a cow or oz, Ang. S. 
Applied to a slnggard groaning orer his work, 8. 0. — 
Tent. dru]fsteh-ent strepere. 

DBTZZLB, s. ** A little water in a rivnlet scarce ap- 
pearing to run." 01. Shirr^t. 

To DRIZZLE, o. n. To walk slow, Ol. Shirr. — Id. 
droi^^, haesitaoter progredi. 
, DRIZZLING,*. Slarer. €n. Shirr. 

To DROB, V. a. To prick, Ang. — Isl. drep^ pexft»mre. 

DROB, t. A thorn ; a prickle, Perths. 

DBOOH, t. A pigmy. V. DaoiOH. 

DROCHUN, DaooHLiHO, adj. 1. Puny; of small 
stature ; inclnding the ideas of feirt>leness and stag- 
gering, Aberd. Skitiner. 1. Lasy ; indolent, Clydes. 
8. Droffkling and Co^Mina, ^'wheesing and blow- 
ing." Gl. Antiquary. 

DROD, t. A mde candlei^ck used in visiting the offices 
of a ihrm-house under night, Ayrs. — Peihaps from 
Gael, drud, an endosure, -dntiam, to shut| the light 
lielng conSned. 

DBOD, t. A short, thl6k, dabbish person ; as, " He is 
a drod of a bodie," Glydes.— Isl. dro<l-r, piger pedia- 
seqnus. V. Daoun. 

DBODDUM, t. The breech. Burnt. 

To DBODGB, v. n. To do serrile work ; to drudgot 

DBODLIOH, (^uH.) t. A nseloas mass, Fifte. 
DR0D8, $. fL What is otherwise caUed the jMt, Olydes. 

—Gael, trand, scolding, strife, troid, qoarreliing; 

0. B. drudf raging. 
DBOG, $. A buoy attached to the end of a harpoon 

line, 8. 
DR0GABIB8,«.j)l. Drugs. BMenden.—rr.droguerieit 

DR0GB8TBB,«. Adn«g(st Lau^t Mem. 
DB0GGI8, t. pi. Confections. 
DB0G8, $. pi. Drugs ; the Tulgar pronunolnttoa, 8. 

Sogg. — ^Fr. drogue, id. 
DBOGUERT,.*. Medicines ; drugs, Ayrs. €Mt. T. 

DBOICH, t. A dwarf ; droeh ; 8. B. dreidk^ Border. 

SonnolyiM POems.— A. 8. dioeor*, Ist droog, homun- 

DROICHY, ck(/. Dwarfish, 8. 
DROILB,t. A dave ; Z. Boyd. Isl. drioCe. Id. 
DR0YTB8, t. pi. The name giren by the country 

people, in Aberdeenshire, to the Druidi. 
DROLL, ad^f. 1. Amusing ; ezdting mirth, 8. Ol. 

Aire. Ajfrt. 8. Slagular ; not easily to be accounted 

for, 8. 
DRONACH, $. Penalty; punishment, 8. B.~Isl. 

drungif mdestia, onus. 
DRONB, t, 1. The pipes that produce the haea of the 

bagpipes. 2. The backside ; the breech, Abeid. Upp. 

Olydes. /Soft.— Gael, droniian, the back. 
DRONE-BRAT, t. In former times, flsmales generally 

wore two aprons, one before, the other behisid. The 

latter was caUed the drone-ftrot, Upp. Olydes. 
Td DROOL, V. n. 1. To trill, Bozb. A. Seotto l^omM. 

2. To cry In a low and mournful tone, ibid. — Sn. G. 

drUl^kt to waible, to quarer, to trttl. 
DBOOPIT, part. adj. Weakly; inflnn, Bttr. for. 

The same with B. dro<i!p<Na, as referring to the state 

of bodily health. 
DROOP-RXTHPI/T, adj. Drooping at the crupper; 

applied to horses, 8. Burnt. 
DROPPY, DmoppiKQ, adj. Terms used In relation to 

occasional and seasonable showers. When these 

fall, it is commonly said, " If s diroppy weather," 8. 

Shau^t Moray. 
• DROSSY, adj- Haying that grassness of habit which 

indicates an unwholesome temperament, or bad con- 

aiitution, Aug.— Prom A. 8. drof, faez, q. full of 

dr^^ or iees. 
To DROTCH, e. n. To dangle ; to be in a pendulous 

state, Upp. Clydes. 
DROTGHEL^ t. "An idle wench ; a sluggard. In 

Scotland it is stfU used," Johns. Diet. Y. DaATOH. 

Dbitoh, v. «., to linger. 
DR0TB8, t.pi. 1. Nobles. Sir Oawan. 2. A term 

given derlsirely to vppith yeomen or cock-lairds^ 

Ayrs.— Sn. G. drott, a lord. 
DROUBLY, DsuBLii, odf/. 1. Dark ; troubled. 

Dunbar. 2. Muddy ; applied towater. Henrytone. 

— Teut dro^^ turbidus. 
DROUD, t. 1. A cod-fish, Ayrs. BlaOno, 2. Meta- 
phorically a lasy, lumpish fellow, Ayrs. €faU. 8. 

Also applied to worthless females, Ayrs. 4. A wattled 

sort of box for catching herrings. — Perhaps from Id. 

droU-r, pigcr pediseeqans ; 0. Fr. dmd, druto, gros, 

fort, robuste ; C. B. cb*ild, fortis, strennu.\, Bozhom. 
To DROYE cattle or sheep, to drive them, Fife. 
DROYB, «. The broadest iron used by a mason in 

hewing stones, 8. 
1 To DBOYB, «. a. Tb hew stones for building by 

muD9 of ■ 1>ma4-]ivliilcd luMroi 
DHOUEftl. DuoDII, 1. 1. lUlcLt tun 
Iftittffitu- 4. Drtnory, It uied a* PTor 

nj dnJc, \fj the fal«rpatitioQ i 

CmH u iI 


e, Bttr, 

DROUTH, J. 1. Drai^ht. a, CHrwi.S. P. a. Tlilrst. 
1. A^Iu^ — A. a. dmuntt, ilcc^lu, inilllaa. 
penoa ilng. of Uie t, drnJiKii dnnz-ant iret- 

DKDDTUUME, odK ThlnUlj, S. 

DBOrray, 04. 1. Dnughlj, & S. Thln^, S. 

r, cijdw 


DKOW, I. 1. A bloCiogBt, Ai 
D^a, eipcciallj whftt ii wdi 

DBOW, (. 

dm/; drocH, »1»1b, 
DBOW, I. 1. A cold I 

RoKb. SfD. Aim. KniKov. S. A dtlBllng itaoi 

rpp. CljdM. a. Adropi WlgUHUhUt. 
DBOWIB, adj. Molit; mlity; u, a drouii < 

Lolb. Boih— Teuc dro^, luiiitdai, dnirf wt 

■ettlDf; milt. Ibid. 
DItOWP, I, A feeble priMD. t/unlar, td. driii 

One iclia gtTci ■>} ts dijectlu 


DRUG, I. A niiiiti pull, S. B. 
DBUQOARK, 04. DmOgias. 

DBUGBAW, Aawrore 
S. Bj^on. Oaixvl^ 
> DKtriDLB. B n. T> 
Lvitrfci. Thii la nunV 

DRtTLB, I. Duo wbo la i3i 
Bouifa of S.— Belg. dray. 
•IroU-a, hicnre. 

DRULB, >. 

, " Qiwne drowtn-,- ^tm*. 
jf loMlnvT belDgi, between 

DortbeTU Ihteraar, Aad iDtnevbM «Uled to the fi 

uvemi, ftod vr moat poweifol kt midolghL Thef 
&re cuf lotia krliflcen ta troavwelluUi Uiepp ^ 

more friHiatntlT ttprielooi ud maleToleDI.' 
T»o«, T»oi>». ». I»« Ft'aU. 
DRUCKBH. larl. ^. Dmnkrn, % Bunu.— I 
ttui. dniUin. id., rt«n (Mata, triUftr. lo < 

pull foTcUilT, 8, fvu^lol.— Tel 

9>»<iiIllD[IJDber. South Of 

ttfmope, hi droop, J 

'I. Bkirrtji. 

HeljroT JMt, JTool. I 
HnddT ; traoUad. 

eo»l. A 

DBULIK, adj. 
itniBly, but men coBBiaaiT nteo, eipeclill; h; eid 
people, u, ■■dniit mier." whan dUeolonrad with 
cUt. As. Roib.— Toui. dn-t/: lurt>)dua. teeuleBtoi. 
RUU. J. 1. The ciliDdnol i«n ol ■ Uinkdilnc- 
DBChlne, upon whub are filed the plecei of w«ad 
thUbestr>Dtlh*gnlii.S. 3. Uw^c^UiHleisluched 
to prlptinf Bad ether nuuhUjei 
DRDM. wit. MdMchslJ. e. IL V. Duh.— I.I. 
%, HtldorMo. 

m rlrlge, S. AlstM, 4iw Applied 
I; wbiqli Mm u rldgei ■!»•« the 
Dt puuna,-'<hMl, dmfH. id. 

RaMKH. S. To Enuble : uml 

', o^. 1. Tnnblcd. i)0Mliu. £. 

I lam ot public Bwi 
Dninhlc-bml", f 

DRDUMDBE, a<(j. 
iVmiiif'l, Kitr. Fur. 

, B. Bun 

bDmaar, «ner brlnf fflnggfld ^ i 

log. a, 

I DRUNE, e. a. To low In 

lone. Aug.— lil.ilrvn-to, Sw. 
DRDNT, I. A drawling ei 
DBllNT, I, Pet I will kin 

To DBITNT. V. •>. Suse with DraM, Ang. 
OniTBCHOCII, 1. 1. Aof fluid tood, sooaltU 

torogen«nu iut<:riil«uida(iiiuutMnskp| 

*!, " I ugg fet ilc dnucAocJL*' DImlfl. fro 

abovH, frt^menli, q- T- 3. A oampoDDd di 

nrnllj Applied bedriigi, Ajn. 
tiKUSlI, 1. 1. AlBDi ; fiagmeiiM. Wa, 

Droa 1 reru* i wnm ; ipplird to men, A 

The drou of peita, BiutTs.. — Moei. 0. drt 

ftVDenI, tram drtvt^in, to rui. 
TbDRUTUe, DminTLi, (.n. I.Tobailowl 

S. i. To trifle mbont uv thing, 8.— Tent i 

pmnlllonli punin fuxn. 
Til DRtTTLE, s. n. Applied U> ■ dog er horM thkt frc- 

quntt; itep In lt> wi}, snd e]eeu ■ 




DUAUf, DwAUi, UmAvu, «. 1. A nroon, 8. Bott. 
S. A lodden fit of rickneM, 8. JBilMii.— Alem. 
duolM, oaUgo mentU itnpore eorreptae. 
DUALMTNG, DwAUMno, «. 1. A swoon. DomoUu. 
t. Metepli. the lUl of erenlog , 8. B. Skirr^, 

DUfik «. 1. A small pool of nin-water, 8. JkmoUu. 
JHb. Loth. Ayra. 2. A gutter, &— Ic dob, « gutter ; 
Odt dubk, caud. 

DUBBT, ad^. 1. AbooadJng wltti HBall pool% 8. 8. 
Wet ; lalBj, Abexd. 8. Dir^ ; ajiplied to a road, Ihid. 

DUBBIN, t. The liqnor used 1^ enniers for softening 
leather, oompoeod of talleur and oil, 8. Apparently 
oofT. from J>^pp{na, q. t. 

DnBIl,a4^. Doubtful.— Lat diiM^H. 

DUBLAB, «. y. DiBLSB. ^aiHMilyiie J*oemt, 

D17BLATI8, «. fi. Probably an erratum for d»Mar<tf 
fh»m JhMar,^ flat, wooden plate, q. t., and IHbUr, 

DinMULXLPKB, t. 1. One who makes his way with 
meh expedition as not to regard the road he takes, 
whether it be clean or foul ; or, as otherwise ex- 
pleased, who "gaes throi^h thick and thin," 8. 2, 
Used oontemptuottsly for a rambling fellow, 8. 8. 
.Applied, in a ludicrous wi^, to a young clerk in a 
banking-office, whose principal weric is to run. about 
^Tfng intimatton when bills are due^ Ac., Sdin. 

DUOHAI^ ff. An act of gonnandiaing, LsnariEs. 

DX7CHA8 C^Mtt.), t. 1. "The paternal seat; the 
dwelling of a person's ancestors." Ol. Surv.Jfalm. 
2, The peasessi<m of land by whatever right, whether 
bytaherilanoe, by wadset, or by lease; if one's an- 
cestors hare Uved in the same place, Perths. Men- 
talth.'-^Gael. diiefcaf, thiOeftai, " the place of one's 
^Iflh, an hereditaiy right," 8haw. Ir. iIm, signifies 
a TiUage, a place of abode. 

DUCHXBT, «. Dukedom. BeOendoi. 

DUOK,«. pleader. ▼.Dues. 

DUOKv«< Bail-cloth. T. Dooox. 

DUCK, #. A play of young people, Loth. Boxh. *^The 
Vmk is a small stone placed on a larger, and at- 
tempted to be hit off by the players at the distanoe of 
a fewpaoes." JERodho. Mtfff. Dock, Meams. 

DUCK-bUB, t. A dock-pool. T. Duxi-dub. 

DUCKIB^t. A young girt, or doll, SheU. — 8n. G. 
dceka. Germ, deofcf, pupa, icuncula ; Dan. dukkej a 
baby • or poppet 

DUD, t. 1. A rBg,.& Bott. DaU^-dud^ the dish-clout, 
£, B. 2. .IHidg, d^iddt, pi. clothing, especially of 
Inferior quality, 8. JMwart. 8. Metaph. applied 
lo a Aeielest fellow, but more strictly to one who is 
eaaily injured by cold or wet ; as, *' He's a saft dud,*' 
Boxb.— Gael, dud, a rsg, and dudach, ragged ; Isl. 
dude, indumentum lerioris generis. 

DUDDT, adj, Itagged, 8. Jlomsay. 

DUDDIE, t. A dish. turned out of soUd iwood, baring 
two cars, and which is, generally, of an octagonal 
farm on the brim, Boxb. This is dilTerent from a 

DUDDINESS, t. Raggedness, 8. 

DUDDBOUN, «. 81oven ; drab. Dim&ar.— IsL dudr^, 
to act in a slorenly manner. 

DUDE, for do it, 8. Diallog. 

•DUJE, adj. Indebted; as, "Fm dice Aim a groat," 
I owe him a groat, 8. InaranCt P, 

To DUE, «. n. To owe ; to be indebted, Aberd. 

To DUEL, DvBLL, DwiLL, «. n. 1. To delay; to 
tany. Douolat. 2. To continue In any state. Bar- 
bomr. 8. To cease or rest WdUaee. 4. JhoeU 
bekind, left behind, ^orftoir.— 8b. O. dwoel-iat, 
id. : IsL duel, moror. 

DUELLING, «. DeUty ; tarrying. Barbour. 
DUEBGH, «. A dwarf. Gawan and CM. Y.Dboioh. 
To DUFB, «. a. (like Gr. v.) To give a blow with a 

sofUsh substance, Clydes. Loth. Boxb. 8ynon. Baff. 
DUPE, t. 1. A blow of this description. T. Door. 

2. The sound emitted by such a blow, Clydes. 
DUPE, t. 1. The soft or spongy part of a loaf, turnip, 

new eheese, Ac., ibid. 2. A soft, spongy peat, 

Perths. 8. A soft, silly fellow, 8. 0. V. Dowf. 
DUFPABT, «. 1. A blunt, stupid fellow, Ayrs. Ih^far, 

Boxb. 2. Generally applied to dull-burning coal, 

ibid. ▼. DOWFABT. 

DUPPABT, o^;'. 8tupid. V. under Dowf. 

DUPPIE, iu^. 1. 8oft ; spongy, Pife, West Loth. 2. 
Also applied to coals which crumble down when 
struck by the fire-irons, Pife. 8. 8tupid, transferred 
lo the mind, B. 

DUPPIE, f. A soft, silly fellow, 8. 8am» and Oad. 

To DUFPIPIB, •. a. To hiy down a botUe on iu side 
for some time, after its contents hare been poured 
out, that it may be completely drained of the few 
drops zemaining in it ; as, " I'U duffiM the bottle," 

DUPPINES8, t. Bponginess, Clydes. 

DUPPINGBOUT. A thumping or beating, Ibid.— IsL 
diiMa, caedo, TerbeBO, percutio; hence applied to 
dubbinif a knight, from the ttrcke given. 

DUGEON-TBE, Dudobqi, t. Wood for staves.—Belg. 
dwjfff, a staff of a cask, duyaen, ^aves. 

DUGON, t. A team expressiTe of contempt, Bttr. Per. 


DUIKBIE, DnxBiB, «. Dukedom. — The termination 
is equlTalent to thai of dom, being the same with 
A. 8. rice, dominium. 

DUIBE, adj. Hard. Poem 16a Cent.^Wr, dur, 

DUKATB, t. A pigeon-house ; a Tariety of Dovoeate, 
i, e., a doee-eoi. Aett. Ja. V. 

DUKE, DuoK, t. A general. Evergreen. 

DUKE, DniK, «. A dock, 8. Bannatyne Poemt. 

DUKE-DUB, .«. A pool for the use of ducfet, 8. JETenft 

DUKE'8-KEAT, «. The herb in E. called DutkmoaA, 

DUK HUDE. This seems to signify "a hood of cloth," 
fjrom Teut doecfc, pannus. 

DULBART, DvLBXBT, t. A heaTy, stupid person. 
South of 8. — Isl. dtiZ, stultitia, and birt-a, manifest- 
are, q. one who shows his foolishness ; C. B. delfrren, 
K dolt 

DULCE, adj. 8weet— lat dulcit. Lyndtay, 

DULDEB, t. Any thing large, 8. B. 

DULDEBDUM, adj. Confused ; in a state of stupor ; 
silenced by argument, Ayrs.— Isl. dnmbi, signifies 
mutus, dudd-r, is coecus, q. blind and dumb. 

DULDIE, t. " A greit duldie,'* a large piece of bread, 
meat, Ac, Aug. Y. Duldbb. 

To DULE, V. it. To grieve. Dunbar.— Tr, doul-oir, 
Lat. doJ-ere. 

DULE, DOQL, t. Grief, 8. Wyntown. To ting dool, 
to lament. Gl. Shirr. 

DULE, DooL, t. 1. The goal in a game. C^. Kirk. 
2. Dule is used to denote a boundary of land, Pife. 
Loth. Where ground is let for sowing flax, or plant- 
ing potatoes, a small portion of grain is thrown in to 
marie the limits on either aide ; sometimes a stake is 
put in, <Nr a few stones. To either of these the name 
of daile is giren, as being the boundary .~Teut dod, 
aggesta terra, in quam sagittarii Jaculantur sagittas. 

To DOLB ^.1.0. Td murk out lb* UmlU ; I 

DCUNCX, MMrJ. Alu ^ WD I'l ID* ) Dumrr.- 
frolD lAt- doLvnt, m orif IniiUy umA u nchooJ 

gtrlajl, 8. fi(r Jdtn Stadal 

Ta DULL, >. a. Ta 

DOLL, 0^. Hjud i> 

DCLLrEART, luV. Of m dlrlf. itull colow. Opp. 

Ulr^H. From i>i.U, id.) Arl, Ard. <|. >. 
l»m,L10N, 1. A liirini plMn, vac. Davd pnoo. 

Pirlupi Rom Ike unu origin irllti B, doff. wiT UidW 

>ii<Ilf, ■ ttia, ud ITiwt, 

Bill.. AlMnl.-I.l. doU. ar 


A plimK K^iprofTkilM to I 

e, a. ffull. 


I^ UUMtOUNDER. c. a. To oonfux; » itaplfT, S- 
Boar-— l'erluit> frani Dvi. duin. ><upli1. (nd Fr. 

n>DrMVOUTTicB,«.(i. Tb>umc<rlUii>i>VoiMKln-, 

DITMI', •, AMnkealthUdacrtpUon, <bld. 
IbDUHPoAovt,*. iL To Bare ■bast irlih (hart ttrpi, 

FLh : tba Ldrk bcLog BptanDtlJ boTTOWRl from Ui« 

thumptng doLk nude wllh ilieToot 
To DOMP l«k o. s. To plongc inio ; q. u put In th* 

dimju.— Allltd. ptrtap* to Tenl. •lomp~m, Bn. O. 

/id^mp-a, Ovna da^mpf-m. aulTiiauv. 
DCMPU, »(i. Doll; iDilpld. Buhui. Tamu— 

I. Dpp, CiTilei.— I^ ill 



DCS, A 1. 4 hUl : cmlDUM, a. aiaUM. Am. I 
A blll-tatt, 8. StalM. Aa. t. h r«iiIu bnlldUiK : 
ttHnnool; c411b1 "•Duildi(Dn.~&.Uild. — A.e.diH, 

ro DUNCH, Ddub, «. o. 1, Tto pub « Jog vitli ili« 

"■ dMHiAfn bill." SrnOQ, Binninf an, UtjidcL 
Dumb. —Tent, doAt.4H^ pue&o petniUen. 

DCNCH,!. Oae*hnli>hiinuid Ihlok, S. 

DUNCHT. oitj. Bqiut,S. 

OUNCY. adj. PerbopB akiKT . BBUport. 

DUNDICRBRAD. 1. A Mmkhsid. Loth. V. DonuT. 

DDKUIEFBCKSN. i A llllDDllK MoK, J^t. ; Um 
■una u Amdi/rAwk q, t, 

DDNO, pari. a. 1. OicnsBe b; TMIftne, mnmltj. or 


■'Oe w 


moflt protaibjj ■ provlncU 

rJrolflafl Ubnm, la Un^lo. 


A Dobleimui. CWdO. 3, 

Um'tn. geucnilr Id 

I DODMmptDoiu my, AjM.- 

DUNK. B<F. Dump, Hestni. T. Oohk. 
DirNK, ■. A mauldjr dbbpoua. Hozb. 
DCNKLE, I. 1. Tht dim nude, or at 

DnWKLW, part. lis. DUnpleA Ajri 
ni DONNBli. Doiina, v. n. To duIii 
thnntln; coclUlir, Ol. Sbb. 

DUNBEKE.1. AnweDllyfo 

od from fi- Dttnee, ta 

To pAlplble frofa tt^T. 

U S- FiV- Bait. 3. J>ui» otul <bi 
?rb]bl phrtre. nrneUmu applied Co 
li cumptrtdy dam. f- f., bu c^iah 
ir tunca B > pcnan (na^J ■am M 




dca itroka; lynoci. ima roifR.— Id. dmU, » rtroke 

glv«fn to the back or breut» to u to prodnee » Boimd. 
IbDUNToitf. 1. To bring any boainea to ft tormina- 

tton, B. Mtom. 2. To come to a thorough esEjdana- 

ttoo, aftor a Tailanee, 8.— So. G. AmU, ictna. 
DUNT, «. A laige pieoa, Ayn. ; ^non. JwU. PMbew. 

—Allied perh^s to Vrii^ (ii(irA-eN» tomeaoere, q. 

what la aveUed op. 
DUNT-ABOUT, a. 1. A bit of wood driven aboat at 

SkMff or atmilar gamea ; i^non. KiUie-oeUy Bozb. 

▼. Dmnr, v. 2. Any thing that la oonatantty oaed, 

and knocked abontaa of little raloe ; aa an old pleoe 

of dresa oaed forooarae or dif^ woric, Ibid. 8. 8ome- 

timei Implied to a aerrant who la roughly treated, 

and dumUd obotU fkom one piece of work to another, 

DUNTIB, a. A porpoiae, Poicna marinna, Terlotdale ; 

apparently a cant tonn. 
DUNTXR-OOOSS, a. The Elder dock, Brand. — 8a. 

O. dtm, down, and la«r«, to gnaw, becaoae it plnefca 

the down flrom ita b r ea a t . 
BUNTT, a. A dozy. €fl. Samtaf, 
DUNTINO, a. Continaed beatingf eanaing a hoUow 

aoond, 8. Jfeioa. 
DnMTIN€M?A8B. ▼. DORiaovBS. 

DUB, DoMi, a. Door. IFyii^.— A. 8. dure, id. 
DUBANDLIX, adm, Oontinnally ; wlthont intonaia- 

rion ; from f r. duroiil, lasting. £. CMyear. 
DUBGT, mdj. Thlek ; graaa. Loth.— lal. driuff^, 

DUBK, a. A dagger, 8. P. Bmck, DM.— Gael, dure, 

a poniard ; Tent, delofc, aica. 
To DURK, DiBX, V. a. 1. To atab with a dagger, 8. 

Cldmmd. S. To apoil ; to miamanage ; to min, 8. 
DUBK, DouK, mdif. Thick'Oet ; atrongly made, Bozb. 

Tkia aeema originally the aame with Drngy^ id. q. t. 
To DUBKBN, v. ck To affright. Sir Qwomn. Perhaps 

thia V. may aignify to chase ; as a freqnmtatiTe Aram 

lal. dartc-^ Telodter ambalare. 
fb DURNAL, V. n. Uaed to denote the motion of the 

cheek when a flabby peraon nma or walka feat, Ayn. 
To DUBB, V. a. To deaden or alleviate pain, aa la 

dono by the nae of laudanum, Bozb.— 8u. O. lal. 

dmr, aomnna levis, dttr-o, per interralla dormlre ; 

or So. G. door-o, infiatoare. 
DUB8IX, adi. Obdurate; relentleaa; hard-hearted, 

Ayra.— Clael. tUoraaadk, froward, raah ; A. 8. dgrtiig^ 

audaz, temerariui, from dyrr-wHt to dare. 
DUBT, a. Dirt. BMoA. 
To DU8CH, V. n. 1. To more with Telocity. JhvtiUu. 

2. To twang. Dumolat, 8. To dutdk doun; to fell 

with noise. Dougku,~rQtrm. do9e% atrepitum edere ; 

lal. tibitt-a, tumultuoae proruere. 
DU80HX, a. 1. A fall ; aa including the craah made 

by it. Doufflat, 2. A atroke ; a blow. Batbotar.— 

lal. tkyg, Alem. tikua, doe, fkagor. Y. Dotos. 
DU8CHET, Duaaii, a. A musical inatrument Foemt 

19a Cent 
DU8CHXT, DU88II, a. An Indoraement. Leg, JB^. St. 

Androit.^Wr, douu-OTt to indorae. 
To DUSH, V. a. To puah aa a ram, oz, Ac, 8.— Tout. 

doet-en, pulaare cum impeto ; lal. dualMS, Teibera in- 

DU8HILI^ a. A female who peiforma her work in a 

Teiy alorenly way, Ayra. — lal. dtutU, aerrua ; pro* 

bably tnm cbia-a, cubare anbelana et feaaua, to re- 
dine breathleaa and fetigned ; duaoi talis in cu bati o ; 

G. Andr. 

To DUSHILLi V. a. To diivo8t» ibid. ; apparently 
from the display of aloTenliness. 

DUBT, a. A tumult ; an uproar. Cfkjf Manntring.'^ 
8u. G. dyif, id. 

To DUST, «. n. To raiae a tumult or uproar, TUb. 

DUST ^f a miU. The beard of the kernel or grain, 
produced by taking off the outor rind, & AcU Jo. 
VI. — Tent di^yft, pollen. 

DUST of IM. What fliea fkem flaz in dresalng, 8.— 
Tent docft, lanugo Untei. 

DUSTIX-FUTB, DDinf tr, a. 1. A pedlar. Sktnt. 2. 
One who ia not roaldent in a country. Bmrr, Lauwa. 
8. Uaed to denote rerelry. €hdi/y BaU. 

DUSTIX-MXLDXB, a. The dealgnation given to the 
laat quantity of grain aent, for the aeaaon, by a far- 
mer to the mill, 8. Ditt$ MoiUer, Aberd. V. 


DUSTIS>MIIiLER, a. The plant Auricula, ao deno- 
minated from the leaToa being covered with a whitiah 
dnat, Loth., Meama. 

DUT, a. A stupid peraon, 8. B.— Dan. doode, sttqptdua; 
Belg. dutt-en, delitare. 

DUTCH PLAI8E. The name given on the TlrCh of 
forth to the Pleuronectes Platesaa. ** When amall 
tbeyaro called Fleukt; when large JhUeh Plaite.*' 
NtWt Liit of Fiihtt. 

To DUTB, DUTT, V. n. To dose, 8. B. It appears 
that this is the aame with X. doU. Bollock uses the 
I^uraae, *' doU and aleep." — Belg. duM-en, to set a 

DUTHX, mdS. "Subatential; cflcient; nourishing; 
laating." €fl. Suro. Nairn, 

DWABLB, DWBBLB, o^/. 1. VleziUe ; limber, 8. 
JZoaa. 2. Weak ; feeble ; infirm ; generally aignUy- 
ing that debUity which is Indicated by the flezlble- 
nesa of the jointe, 8. AiMner.— Su. G. diMolt 

DWAPFIL^ (u^ Pliable ; oppoaed to what ia atUT or 
firm ; aa d'wt^ffi^ as a clout," fife. In this ooun^ 
DwiMe is also used ; but it strictly signifiea, destitute 
of nervous strength. Jhoaffil is ^'non. with IhoaJbU 
and W^t in other parte of S. 

To DWALL, V. n. To dwell, S. ; pret dwalt. 

DWALLING, a. Dwelling, South of 8. It has been 
Justly observed, that the Scote almost always pro- 
nounce short e as broad a, as twaU, for tvttive, wM 
for well, «oa< for nut, «oAan for when, Ac 

DWALM, DwAUX, a. Y. DaAUi. 

3b DWANG, V. a. 1. To oppresa with labour, S. B. 
2. To bear, or draw, unequally, 8. B. 3. To haraaa 
by ill-humour, 8. B.— Teut dioinokr€$^ domare, 

To DWANG, V. n. To toll, 8. B. Moriton. 

DWANG, a. 1. A roi«h ahake or throw, S. B. Mori- 
$on. 2. Toil ; labour ; what ia tireaome, Aber^. T. 
ezample under what is misprinted Aowmo, 3. A 
large iron lever, used by blacksmiths for adrewing 
nute for Ixdts, Bozb. Aberd. Meams. Synon. Pinch. 
It is also used by quanymen and others for raising 
large stones, Ac.— from Teut d«oena-en, cogere, be- 
cause of the foroe employed in the use of this instru- 

3b Tumv TBI DwAMO. Tuming the Dwtng Is a pas- 
time among men for the trial of strength. The per- 
son who attempts to turn tkt Jheano holds it by the 
amall end, and endeavoura to raiae the heavy end 
from the ground, and to twm It round perpendicu- 
larty, Mearna. Synon. to toaa the caber. 

DWAUB, a. A feeUe person ; a term generally ap> 


ni DWAUM, ■. o. To htdti I 


a ercr-IM (lender pcru 

DWIHE, I. DuliDe^nDlngiBppl 

la OWTNE, V. n. 1. Ta |rine, S. 
tide \ applied u> utun. Ptriyatn 
8. P«cpa Badi. iXiol.— Tetil. die 


toDWINOLB,!. H To loiter 
tjBim, ditutl-ii, iBDUrl ft 

E, El, (. Tbe eje. B. Oxvlai. 
SA.aOj. Oae. T. the letter A. 
EACH (fuU.), I. A bane. Saiba 

Tti BAND, 

.». To* 

mthe. V 

xahest, ode. Eipmimir. *■ : 


. Ad Imi 

ptn for Dutul 

« draw. I 


71) EARN 

Ta <«!nl*te, B, a. .. 


n-riMMi., E 


T. BMt. 



J(Mt-B. D. 

KABNiNo-asAss, J. 

EABOOE. I. A hen of I 
EARS, > pi. Kldn;;>, 


Rennet or niDoel, 8. 

DiDOD bottonroTt, lADHrk 

Bnrt 7«r. T. Kmoi. 
■mft. Ulh— Ir.iini,»kl, 
mce Otel. ainte. Id. Jftfr 

iD«. a. S. fifot. .^[c.-«i 

EL, Oiiii. bitwvd ; lavwda the nil, 

KASsrOL, oifj. ConTEnleDi. Aftril. tin- V. KatDL. 

nhL'b the drop It cmiTled, S.— A. B. tfai, Bel(, 
nojblniirp. Id. 
KASIKO. RiEiH, f. Tbit p«n of a Modi whenDe ii 

oblique use of B. dwtadU. 
DVMMVSHAK, I. A judfe 

DWN£ ar i>AW. Itaid ; dec 


lenllDe. S.— III. diBinor. li 

oW or > IblDE. deprlTId 

doom'j'iiiui. 8^00, a 

3. Applied tn itron 
— 111. vwaoron 
EABSINT, raft. H 


h. —A, B. aut-darte, fligt or 

EBD, ad). 

EC. cBnj, And. T. As, 

ECCLEaKABB; •. BuUeimit, or ehMji-mt, OAd. 

SCUE&, lOEO, t. An fttr or ens, 8. DnehM— 

'- aacer. aeehir. UL 
BCHT. I, Oi«hl. Barbtur. 
ECHT. The Hma u .dM*l, Atwrd. "PCBedUthe 

111. *lff-a. poHldere. 
ECKIB. Eiia. I. TbtuhhmiUlinKiriheuDi Ba.t»r, 

S. SmnelUneiHKihe. S. D. 
KOKLE-FSCBIA ad>. 1. Cheerful^ di'T; S^T. 

peBenUDt jDdrmen^ Ibid. 
EDUEB.I. 1. Tbeaddimfsbeiul, AlMnt. J. U«d 




IDOAB, «. The balf-nastod, hftlf-graand fnln of 
whkh BmntonitmMAtj Oikn.— Dim. aei-€f Id. oet-a, 
to eat, and omrr, Bo. G. goer, made, preparod ; q. 
prepared food. 

XDOX, Eos, «. The highest part of a mootish and 
•lerated tract of groimd, of eonsideiable extent, gen- 
•rallj that which lies between two streams ; a Icind 
of lidge, Booth of B. It is used both by itself, and in 
eomposition, as OaTerton-edire, ELingside-ed^ Ac. 

XDOS or UBE, s. T. Urns, s. 8. 

A XDOIS, V. n. To be quick or alert in doing any 
thing, Boxb.— fr. o^tr, to operate ; Lat dir«, go to ; 
IsL «09*a. So. G. a«0v-a» indtare, acnere ; q. to pat 
an edge on. 

MDGIB, ad^. Clerer, Upp. Cljdes. 

KDIE, t. The abbreriation of Adam^ S. 

SI>BOPPIT,pcN^.pa. Dropsical. BeUend, 
9. Eye. y. S. 

o/Os Dajf, Noon ; mid-day, 8. B. 
«. jie ce, a dailing, chief delight, Aberd. q. a 
person's " one eye." 

BXA.N, 9. A one-yearK>ld horse or mare, Abeid. Per^ 
bafs Aram QaeL sona, a year, like the synon. term, 

i. Eyebrow, Aberd. Nithsdale. JBeas. NUk. 
Smtffs V. Bas, Bass. 

BXBREK CRAP. The third crop after lea, B. B. 

XK-VBA8T, «. 1. A rarity ; any thing that excites 
wonder, Ayrs. ; q. tkfeatt to the eye. 2. A satisfying 
gianoe, whatgratifles one's curiosity, ibid , Benfr. 

MBOHIB soa OGHIB. I can hear neither eeghie nor 
OffUe, neither one thing nor another, Ang. Bote. — 
So. O. igk, or eighi^ not. 

UK, t. An augmentation, B. T. EiK. 

BBKFOW, at^. Equal ; also Just, Aug.— Su. O. ekt-a, 
Qtt m. eidU, Justus. 

SBKIOW, ai^, Blythe ; having an affltble demea- 
nour, Ayrs. 

BBKFULL, «. A match ; an equal. Jtou, 

BEKSIE-PEEKSIE, adj. Equal, Ang. 

EEL. A nine-ttfd eel, a lamprey, S.— Su. G. neio- 
nooQon, Germ, neunau^ id. NeUl. 

SELA, 9. A (Idling place, or ground for fishing, near 
the shore, Bhetl. 

XEL-BACKIT, a/dS. Earing a black line on the back ; 
^»plied to a dun-coloured horse, 8. 

SEL-DBOWKEB, «. A tenn negatively used in regard 
to one who is by no means acute or clerer ; who is 
Ihr from being capable of performing a difficult task. 
It Is said, " Atweel, he's nae <e^drot9ner mair than 
me," Boxb. Synon. with the E. phrase, " He will 
nerer set the Thames on fire." 

BELI8T, 9. A desire to hare possesdon of something 
tfiat cannot eadly be obtained, Ayrs.— From ee, and 
Urt, dedre ; q. " the dedre of the eye ; from A. 8. 
iyst, dedderium, like earda Ijfete, patriae amor. Our 
term exactly corresponds with Dan. oeyiM {yd, "the 
lust or delight of the eye," WoUK 

BE-LIST, Etb-List, Ets-Last, «. 1. A deformity ; an 
eye-sore. B. Brvee, 2. An offence. Oodseroft. 8. 
A break in a page, B. Gl. Bibb. 4. Legal defect ; 
laqterfection, such as might iuTslidate a deed ; used 
as a forendc term. Acts Jo. VI. 6. A cause of re- 
gret Dnmfr. — A. 8. eag, oculus, and loed, defectus. 
EEL POUT, 9. The ririparous Blenny, 8. 
BBM06T, a4f. Uppermost^ AbenL F^smwI, Moray. 

, 9. An oren, Aberd. Meams. 

fi. of Se. Byes, 8. DeitgUu. 

EBNBBIGHT, a4/. Shining ; Ivminoiu. 

EEN-OAKE, «. A thick cake made of oatmeal with 
yeast, and haked in an ooeit, Oonreake, 8. 

EBND, adfj. Eren ; straight, Boxb. 

To EBNIL, V. a. To be Jealous of ; applied to a wo- 
man who suspects the ildeli^ of her husband, Fife, 
nearly obsolete. 

EENKIN, s. Kindred in all its extent, Dnmftr. Synon. 
with Kith and Kin. 

EENLINB, «. pi. Of equal sge, Perths. 

EENOW, «. Presently ; even now, 8. B. 

EENB, " eren as." Bibb., 8. Properly e'eiw. 

EENT. Abbrer. used in affirmation ; as, '* That's no 
what I bade you do ,*" " IfsseiU," L e., eoen it, S. 

To EER, V. n. To squeak as a pig, ShetL 

EERAM, 9. A boat-song ; a rowing song ; apparently 
the lame with Joram. Saaen and Oikd, 

EERIE, adj. Timorous. V. Ear. 

EERT-LIKE, aij. HsTlng the appearance of that 
which causes fear ; dreary, 8. Aws. V. Ear. 

EERI80ME, adj. Causing fear; that, especially, 
which arises from the idea of something preterna- 
tural, Clydes. 

EERTHE8TRBEN, t. The nli^t before yedemight, & 


EESB, 9. Use. Aberd. 

EB80MB, adj. Denoting that which attracts or fixes 

the eye ; what it is gratifying to look at, 8. Beg. 

ES-STICK, ExsnoK, t. Bomething dngular or sur- 

pridng ; q. that which causes the eye to diofc or fix, 

8. Fergueeon. 
EESTICK8,i>l. Dainties, Abeid. 
ES-SWEET, Etb-Swsbv, adj. Acceptable ; beautiful, 

8. Butherford. 
EET, 9. A custom. ▼. Br. 
SBTNOGH, «. A mo ss giu w u , pfedpltous rode, Ayrs. 

Bdin. Mag. 
EBYENOO, adj, Tory hongiy; a term nearly obsolete, 

Roxb. Apparently changed from C. B. newynog, 

newynoug, hungry ; fkmished ; tvom newyn^ hunger ; 

famine.— Ir. and Gael, mma, id. 
EEYERT, a^j. Hungry, Ayre. €n. Surv. Every, 

Roxb.— Id. gifur, rehemens, aridus. 
EE- WINKERS, «. The eye-lashes, 8. Butherford. 
EEFAULD, a^j. Upright ; honest T. Afalo. 
EEFAULDLIE, adv. UprighUy. AeU C. I. 
EFFE, Erns. Abbrer. of the name Buphemia, as is 

also Famie. Act. Audit. 
EFFECFULL, adj. Effectual. AeU Mary. Apparently 

the origin of the modem 8. term, Fock/ow, q. r. 

under Fbck. 
EFFECTU0U8, a4j. 1. Affectionate. Jkmglat. 2. 

Powerful ; efficadous. N. Bwme.—'L. B. affectuoe-w, 

EFFECTUOX78LIE, ckfv. Affectlonatdy. Pitecottie. 
To EFFEIR, V n. 1. To become ; to fit Chr. Kirk. 

2. To be proportional to. Knox. 
EFFEIR, «. 1. What U becoming. MaOUmd Poem. 

2. A property ; quality. Dunbar. 
To EFFEIR, V. n. To fear. X^ndMy. 
EFFEIRANDLIE, ado. In proportion. Aet9 Mary. 
7b EFFERE, Errsia, V. a. 1. To fear. J^yiuZsay. 2. 

To affright. DougUu.-^A. 8. qfaer-an, terrere. 
EFFORE, jwvp. Before; afoie. 
EFFRAT, ErnuTiso, t. Terror. Aarbomr.— Jr. 

^B^ray-ir. to affright. 
BFFRATITLT, adv. Under aflHght Barbom: 
Best. Boidate.—lal, ypprUt. 





I. 1. A phnse aaed in Fife, ft&d peiliapt In 
her coontles, to denote a b^ioq of a wai^tiah 
Ion. 2. Rtd-eaten occurs m if eqalTftlent 
lOal. MdvaViMS: 
iixLB, IsiL, IsBL, «. I4 A hot emboff, 8. 

3. Wood reduced to the itate of charcoal, 8. 
|I. metaph. for the mina of a coon try detto- 
7 war. IMmoloM' — A. 8. y«(c( embcr»; U. 
ibonea caDdentei loh einere. 

A proper name. T. Xcui. 

Xlbock, a Bbov, 8: Rafntajf. — A. 8. 
Alem. Amb^^Lf firom A. 8. elii, the arm, and 

IREA8S, t. 1. Hard work with.the arms, 8. 
foA. 2. Brovn rappoe, Ang. 
r GRASS, note f oztail-OisM. Alopeenms 
ktu, Linn., lAnariii. Denominated dUmU^ 
«d, for the »me reaton for which it bears the 
■ ri OtniadoAWf M beiBg Jknceet, or haring 

iTl ^^ 

y^>^ Sldetb, «. t^. Ancestors. JBarbenr. — 
L^^ ler, So. G. nddrc, senior, 
^n • Among Presbjterians, one oidained to 
fz^ 3ise of goremment, in Chorch courts, with- 

OagaQthoritjtoteaeh,8. JSMilc^INsotfpKiM. 
BIP, «. 1. The ecclesiastical court, now 
. Presbytery. Buik »f Diaeiflifu. «. The 

^^ rion of a particular oongiegation, 8. MaUlie. 
^^^ aUor-tnjK, prinoipatos. 
[ , B, «. 1. GrandfaUier. Aw6om— A. 8. 
W^^ r, id. 2. Pather-in-Uw. Douglai. 
^-^ kDno, BiLoiMQ. ft Pnel of any kind, 8. 
I I ». A. 8. aeUd, Su. G. eM, fire. 
f^pH CKEN, t. Rumez aquaticus, linn., the 
^'^ )dc, found by the sides of riTers, often out, 
N* Id used aseidftw, or fuel, by the lower classes ; 

Qr^ q^osed to have its name, Boxb. 
-^ k Age. MaUlandP, Y. Xild. 

9. On all sides. Douglat, A. 8.— coRif, 



R, a Mother-in-law. Jhuolai, — A. 8. 
io', aTia. 

iLouEiyo, t. Jealon^. Dimftar.— A. S. 
seal, emulation. 

ELotaiif, adj. Elderly, 8. Ao«. — Dan. 
111. al(fratnf senex. 
3. Dunbar. V. ELoxnio. 
ITS, t. fl. The sky ; the flrmament ; the 

An offence. Keith. Y. Eb-umt. 
lOURS. «. A luncheon. 8. 
A puny creature, 8. R. Fc/rbu* 
, «. A hole in a piece of wood, out of which 
kS dropped, or been driven ; viewed by the 
Aus as the operation of the fairies, 8. Y. 

«. The name given to small stones, " per- 
y friction at a water-fall, and believed to be 
■langhip of the elves,** Dumflr. Xem.yithi. 

i $. The sound made by a wood-worm, 
y the vulgar as preternatural, 8., q. '* fairy- 

OOT, V. a. To shoot, as the vulgar sappose, 

eir-srrow, S. 

, «. The name vulgarly given to an arrow- 

ilint, 8. Pennant. 2. Disease supposed to 
Med by the stroke of an elf-arrow, 8. Glan- 
The disease consists in an oveisllstension of 

the first stomach, fMm the swelling op of clover and 
grass, when eaten with the morning dew on it— Norv. 
alUkaadt, Dan. elided, i.e., elfikoi. 

ELF-SHOT, ot^. Shot by fairies, 8. Bamtay. 

SLGINS, «. fl, Y. XLDUi-nooKU. 

To ELY, V. n. To disappear ; to vanish from sight ; 
always suggesting the idea of gradual disappearance, 
Boxb. Selkirks. Hogg. 2. To drop off one by one, 
as a company does that dispense imperoepUbly, ibid. 

•To ELIDE, V. a. To quaah. AcU Jo, F/.— Fr. 
elid-ert id. ; Lai. eiid^re. 

ELI RE, ailj. Alike ; equal. Jkmgla*. 

ELIK WIS8, SuKwn, adw. In like manner ; like- 
wise. Aberd, Beg. 

ELYMOSINER, Eltmoujub, t. An almoner. Spald- 
ing. — L. B. eiUemoajfnarimt, id. 

ELIM08INUS, aty. Merdfnl. BurtL 

ELYTE, «. One elected to a bishopric. ITyiitoini.— 
0. Fr. elUe. 

ELTWISS, ai». Also. Jibmtd* Beg, Apparently for 

ELLANG0U8, prtp. Along. Y. Alaito. 

ELLER, «. The AMer, a tree, 8. Ligktfoot. 

ELLION, «. "Fuel, chiefly of peat" Gh Sunt, 
Nairn, dorr. pron. of Xldin, q. v. 

ELLEWYNDB, aif. Eleven. Bnekine Beg. 

ELUS, ckfv. Otherwise.— A. 8. elks, kl. ; Lat aliat, 

ELLIS. Els, adv. Already, 8. Barbour. 

ELNE, Ell, «. A measure containing thirty-seven 
inches, 8. The English ell is dilTerent ; containing 
three feet and nine inches. Tv Maanart wiA the 
long EU or JRtoand, to take the advantage of ano- 
ther, by taking more goods than one gives value for. 
8. Jfonro*! fagpad. To Moataro naUk ike Short BU 
or ^«oaiMl, a phnse used to denote the dishonesty 
of a merchant or chapman who slips back his thumb 
00 part of the cloth he has already measured, taking, 
perhapa an inch from every ell, 8. 

ELPHRISH, adj. Inhabited by alaai or q>trits. 
Jbr6ea on Be9. This form of the word throws further 
light on the origin of Mlri$Ae, q. v. 

ELRI8CHE, Eleichb, ELtaioa, Elwck, Alsibch. 
Albt, aiUj. 1. Expressing relation to evil 
spirits. Dunbar. 2. Preternatural, as regarding 
sound, 8. Douglat. 8. HMeous, req[>ecting the 
appearance. DouglaM. 4. Frightful, respecting 
place, 8. Burm. 6. Uncouth, in relation to dieas. 
Bellenden. 0. Surly; austere. 7. Chill; keen; 
applied to the weather, 8. 8. Fretted ; applied to a 
sore, Aug.— A. 8. aeif, and rie, rich ; q. abounding 
in elves. Y. Allkbisb, also ELPBaiBB. 

ELS, Elsi, adv. Already. Y. Ellis. 

EL8HENDER, $s A corruption of the name Alexan- 
der, S. 

ELSHIE. 1. The abbreviation of the female name 
Atimm ; now more commonly El$ie, 8. 2. That of 
the masculine name Alexander. Blade Dwarf. 

EL8YN, Suov, a An awl, 8. Bamaay. In SheU. 
pron. oliioM.— Tent aelaette. 

ELSIN-BOX, «. A box for holding awls, 8. 
,EI£ON-BLADE, «. The awl itself. 

ELSON-HEFT, t. 1. The handle of an awl, 8. 2. The 
designation for a pear, from its resemblance to the 
Ikajt of an awl, 8. 

ELSFETH. Act Concil., p. 208, col. 8. This I am 
inclined to view as a corr. of the name BliMoUth, 
although it has been considered as itself a proper 
name, which is abbrsvialed into Blavet, Blapa, Eppie, 

■ : 

Err 178 EVT 

EtT, air. AlUr. ITsUaa.-*. a. Id. 

£rr CASTEL. HiDdcrpkrtoflLckhlp. BnMlai. 

the psrea ol the ikln of tbeep In Kun nalbu. 

ROIL. Otlen olW «JUq«a. Jct> Oka, l.-Tia» 

cflyr. Id. 

Memitobe »nrj undcol wont, perhipilntradaeMi 


b; the Delgie Into Bfltiiu. It iiohrlnuKljUUed to 

ETTBKHEND, fircp. Afttr, U. 

KFTIEANB.*!!. TTBlfonoIr, S, Dm,«lai, 

Su. ■*. pui, BalM, ecitai. eialuenn. KlUu ; liL 

OIK, il Ut>I. CUiU •oil, ab VjUL 1 

iae : pertupi tqUnlem u pmccciK ; imuIu. ^ a. 

inK,p™.. S^Kb. DanUH. 1 


KIK. K«, ,. An kddlcloa. a BattUt. 1 

IV,EIK.e. a, Ti.«ld,-B.rt(- 

-Sn. O. i/te,. ud »o«. hcD», rtthlnt. i««hM- 

EnaBSIESS.!. A<Umtn. Bartw.-A. B, «/!»■, 

EIKBND, .. The ihort t^a.\a which .luchs Uu 

ud HOI, 1 men. 

rttfU. or tndua. ta Uw i>ln«le.lRa in ■ ploi«h. 1 

ETTgTlB, ad!. OnUioei, Badd. Doiula>.—A. 8. 

tft, Lt.njn,,«idrtl<^.l«. 

ulI rad. Dou, r). u join Uic ondi ol ib< lme» i 

ETTSONVB, od., Bi>«anar;lD>>b(>nUDi!.-O.E. 

t/tam™, A. B. rft-tma, olio pMV 

4rfi C»o, !. 1 

KOAL,a<,-. Bqom »,.. M«nu. XHlm. 

GILD, EllJ., o.^-. AppUed to ■ cm tlut DCUU to Rin 1 

BOEonVMt V,C«,»n»3. 

milk, whether ttom w>, ot from btUw with tt't. 

• BOO. Ong at tin cfaUdiBb BiMa of dirttiMiao 

Border. JMI, Anundale. V. Yim. 

i«d OD H>Uoire'em B. B.. 1. lo Urop (h. wblw «( u 

riBILD.Bui, v.n. To (THDld. AeHmiIm.—A. S. 

igf 1o wine, ot my pora liquid. U ■ Sh Uudtuiw, 

uM-lan, Telei«io«n. 

■orklDgi of B) e.clled fiDcy, ont IjfaUid lo onJOT « 

AtrAnr. BkiM 'ild. equil In age tXmaUu. S. 

A feoFrvilaD, Doutloi. S. An in. rjnKmm. 

«]p<i.l(lHli>tM>uwnUte. In the Wcu at S., Biiilud 

irtJ. «!«, ..rum. 

EOQ-BED, I. TheonKurnDfafoirl, B. 

KiLD.a^-, Old. Oowtai.-A.S-ffliJ, W, 

BUQI.An. (. One TbB csUmU •««•(« ale, 8. A. 

eiUHNO... Fuel, ¥. Euiiif, 

AbiUif. .ioBunt. 

BILDINS, yuunii, >. pi. Bq»l. U> Kt. A«w- 

KOCfB.!. p(. rc«fl^yo»r«nn. »|>ht«o.Plill«)lo 

A. B. e/m-nld. oUHTUi, initdFd. 

Bll.DIT.p<.n.|«. Aged, thaalat. 

EYLU.. Theitiilcglachuich. «far.i Kw. 

BVH fqi, as Qr. ii.) adt Sintlflii (oniinln Cljilw. 

— PerluiiS trom A. a. •/>>l| etna, itrklihl. 


BIND, (. Breath. Ho la^ me'i riiti. lo bitaUii a 

KOO-SHELL. Br«i.-«*o/a»<WJWI. ■' Hen [ti. 

Aaml Mmvat Li alifari ulked ol u tbo lud (a 

«p«1.1lr l( itven. a, B. SrtBMr. Tu. ■«« la 

etideallT the um« with £M and Jywt y. ... bMU 

rignliyinf btealh. 

If fae leu ODS vtiole, leit il tbauld Krre (a codtcj 

rs ETNDILL, I, n. To be Joaloiu of. rmO, Fife 

lh<B a.(Ui=r.- Eiin. XW-. r,h. ISIS, p. 117. 

Wottland iVnu 

BOOTAHOLB, 1. 1. The Kt of WMlinf Ume In Iwd 

KYNBUNO, Etwuid, furf.jB-. Jtalon. aenpTt. 

«>m]iuj', Ajn. S, Xi^l. ualudeaDtUiiliDitiodBil 

EIR, . Fear, Aaj. V, Eat. 1 

flimlsci, Ibid. 

ElBACS. EuocK, I^BE. Eion. EuAoc, 1. A hen 1 


atlbafintja>r;oDeUiathaibetun 10 Uji B. SeODr. 

on the tinb ol Forth, ta Ihe fcurj Plko. V. Gowd- 

aDHuwfc'taif. saguf aHUUalH. SiaWal. Jct- 

<J»el. time. W., Qerai. ^ifc* a» 7«i old. 

WlTI'liANB, • ,4. Tb. 1..BC farmerty »i».ii lo 

Oip>lii>, u Utey gSTB nut llul thej aai lo Buroiie 

BrRBFALOONB. L<^. fiyrt. JThIoU. 

Inm. Snpl. 

BISDBOP. .. Tho tvta. Alwi. Sw. V. Bulla. 

EQI.IB.i. SooiapHiillirkliidatDiinllework. Intm- 

BIBSEL,adj. Ea^tFTlr, S. A. tf°E«.— A. & MM-4aIe, 1 

U^a.-If. titMU. a^ilU. wniQghl « l^loked 

onus; u «Bill, Lo*.. U from A. a. Mittai, 

with OHdlem (Pom otouiUt it DcedLu, 

HT. A wnBlutloD at the um« at Buur plicci : ^f 

BIBTIT. mm. Hather. Alao|>»D. a4t(t. Ajrn, 1 

Bitjlns an lilud. Alio ■rtuen ny. a. or (t.— m. 

EISTLANO, ail;. A letn appKtd to Die mubW"* ' 

KIDENT, Drfj. DUlgtU. V.i™.I.D. 

EiroH, .. An Uiatrumeat iue.1 l.j • oooper. 8. AjUIh 

KIDBRDOUM. Dewn at Uiettdir Duck. AwHHit. 

» arf«. E. Bal^.-A. 8. «d«a. "aa au, an 


addlce, or w»i»r'> InaUiuaent," Bomncr. 

RVK-LIST, I. A DH. T. E(-L|(T. 

BITH, ErTB. B™, a^;, Ea*T, 8, Airtow. £W la | 

BYKN, pj. Br». V-Kin. 

BITQAR, Bthu. mv- Oowlai. 1 

BITHBS, adt. Or. Snoa.—Aag. lal (d« «tr. b«b ' 

BIFFEST, »dr. &p«!l»llj. SofTy.-lM. ^fttr, lo- 

EITHtV, ado. biUj, 8. 

EYTTTN, Emw, Bin, KiIM, t. A RlaBI. Cm 

■ta. 1. i. UBlanl lutd Ah (nuh« •h-P. »■ *- 

pJairW S,-IaL iautaa, Jm«. 




Bb» Bmii. 1. A phnse oaed in Fife, and pethapt In 

some other counties, to denote a person of a waiq^sh 

diapositton. 3. Bed-^aten occurs u if eqoiTalent 

toOanmUMl. MdvUPtMai 
ElZSL^ AisLa, Isil, laiL, «. 1* A hot enber, 8. 

Bmnu, 2. Wood reduced to'the state af charcoal, 8. 

8. In jifl. metaph. for the mina of a- country deeo- 

laled hy war. DougloL — A. 8. y«I«t enbert ;. lal. 

cpu, caibones candenfees suh einere. 
SKOB, 9, A proper nane. ▼. XcuB. 
SLBOOX^ XLanoK, a Xlbow, B* JKoiiiMy.— A. 8. 

rfftoft Aicm. d m bojOf from A. 8. efai^ the arm, and 

O00e, curviatQra> 
XLB0W-OBEA8B, «. 1. Hard work with.the arms, 8. 

like BntaU. 8. Brown rappee, Ang . 
JELBOWIT G]iA88. flote Fozlail-Gisss. Alopeenms 

gettlenlatns, Linn., lAnailcs. Denominated dbowUt 

•r elboiesd, for the same reason for whidt it bears the 

name of Otniemlalm, as being Jknceet, or having 

many Joints. 
lliBARIft, JBuntTB, t. pL Ancestors. Bartamr, — 

A. 8. oldor. So. Q. aeUkre^ senior. 
lliPER, t. Among Presbyterians, one oidained' to 

the exerdse of goTemment, in Ghorch coorts, with> 

oot having anthority to teach, 8. BuSk qf IHiolpiine. 
lliDinWCHIP, t. 1. The ecclesiastical court, now 

called a Presbytery. Buik of JMte^ine, 2. The 

KIrk-Seasion of a particnlar congregation, 8. Mamie. 

—A. 8. eaJdor-^pe, prindpatos. 
ILDFASXR, f. 1. Orand&ther. Bmrbam\—A. 8. 

eaUL-fader, Id. S. iather-in*law.. JkmoUu. 
SLDIN, Sloim, Buouio, fi Foel of any kind, 8. 

Fergiuon, A. 8. aded^ 8n. 0^el<i, fire. 
ILDUI-DOOKKN, t. Bnmez aqnaticns, linn., the 

Water4oek, I6und by the sides of rlTers, often out, 

dried, and used asekUn, or fuel, by the lower classes ; 

thence supposed to hare its name, Bozb. 
ILDING.s. Age. MaUlamdP. T. Xild. 
BLDI8, ado. On aU sides. Douglat. A. 8.— coRif, 

SLDMODBB, s. Motbei^in-law. Jhuolai.—A. 8. 

eaUeHRoder, aTia. 
XLDNDIO, BLOuauro, e. Jealoo^. Dimftar.-^. S. 

tUmmCt Mai, emulation. 
BLOBBN, ELDnm, md^. Blderly, 8. Ao«.— Ban. 

oldroub, lai. aldnenf seoez. 
BLDUBINQ. Jhtmbar. V. EuHiwa. 

• BLEMBNTS, «. |^ The sky; the flrmament; the 
hcsTcns, 8. 

ELB8T, t. An offence. Keith. ▼. Bb-umt. 
BLEVEN-H0UB8, t. A luncheon, 8. 

* BLF, t. A puny creature, 8. X. F&rheti 
BUr-BOBB, t. A hole in a piece of wood, out of which 

a knot has drcqtpcd, or been driven ; viewed by the 
soper^tious as the operation of the fairies, 8. Y. 


BIJr*CnP, t. The name given to mall stones, " per- 
feeated by friction at a water-fall, and believed to be 
the workmanship of the elves," Dumf^. Bem.Nitht. 

BLf -MILL^ s. The sound made by a wood-worm, 
viewed by the vulgar as preternatural, 8., q. *' fairy- 

To BLFBHOOT, v. a. To shoot, as the vulgar sappose, 
with an elf-arrow, 8. 

KLimOT, «. The name vulgarly given to an arrow- 
head of flint, 8. Ponmani. 2. Disease supposed to 
he prodnoed bf the stroke of an elf-arrow, 8. 6lan- 
wOU, The disease consists in an oveislistenslon of 

the first stomach, fMm the swelling up of clover and 
grass, when eaten with the morning dew on it— Norv. 
aUohaadt, Dan. dUkud, i.e., dfthol. 

: ELF-SHOT, adj, 8hot by fairies, 8. Samtajf. 

BLGINS, «. jrf. y. BLDUi-DOOKmi. 

To ELY, V. n. To disappear ; to vanlrii from sight ; 
always suggesUng the idea of gradual disappearance, 
Bosb. 8elkirks. Hogg. 2. To drop off one by one, 
as a company does that dl^penas imperceptibly, ibid. 

i*2b SLIDE, V. a. To quaah. AcU Ja. F/.— Fr. 
aid-oTf id. ; Lat elid^re. 

ELIKE, aty. Alike ; equaL DougUu. 

ELIK WIS8, BuKWTB, odK In like manner ; like- 
wise. Aberd. Boa. 

BLYMOSINEE, ELTKOSUAa, «. An almoner. Spald- 
ino. — L. B. doemoojfnarimo, id. 

ELIMOSINUS, aty. Mevdfnl. Buret. 

BLYTB, t. One elected to a bishopric. ITyiitoini.— 
0. Fr. dUe. 

EUWISS, ado. Also. Abmd, Beg. Apparently for 

< dUnoiu. 

BLLANGOUS, prtp. Along. Y. Alaxo. 

BLLBB, t. The AMer, a tiee, 8. Li9k(foot. 

ELLION, t. "Fuel, chiefly of peat** Gh Sunt, 
Nairn. Corr. pron. of JMtM, q. v. 

ELLBWTNDB, o^/. Bleven. Broekine Beg. 

ELLIS, ado. Otherwise.— A. 8. eUet, kl. ; Lat aliat. 

BLLI8. Blb, ado. Already, 8. Barbour. 

ELNE, Bll, «. A measure containing thirty-seven 
inches, 8. The English ell is different ; containing 
three feet and nine inches. To Jfeofure with the 
lang £U or Blwandt to take the advantage of ano- 
ther, by taking more goods than one gives value for, 
8. Monr&iEapod. To Meatare with ihe Short EU 
or Xlwaad, a phrase used to denote the dishonest 
of a merchant or chapman who slips back his thumb 
on part of the cloth he has already measured, taking, 
perhaps, an iuch from every ell, 8. 

ELPHEISH, ad{j. Inhabited by ehm or q>trits. 
Forbet on Bev. This fonn cf the word throws further 
light on the origin of MlrioAe, q. v. 

ELBI80HE, EuiiCHi, Euuioi, EutiCK, AutisoH, 
Albt, aiUj. 1. Expressing relation to evil 
spirits. Dunbar. 2, Preternatural, as regarding 
sound, 8. Douglat. 8. Hideous, respecting the 
appearance. Dou4fia$. 4. Frightful, respecting 
place, 8. Bume, 6. Uncouth, in relation to dress. 
Bdlenden. 0. Surly; austere. 7. OhiU ; keen; 
appUed to the weather, 8. 8. Fretted ; applied to a 
sore, Aug.— A. 8. adf and rie, rich ; q. abounding 
in elves. Y. ALLniSH, also ELPHEisn. 

BLS, Elsi, ado. Already. Y. Exxis. 

ELSHENDEB, $s A corruption of the name JleaNin- 
der, 8. 

EL8HIE. 1. The abbreviation of the female name 
jtlifon ; now more commonly Eleie, 8. 2. That of 
the masculine name Alexander. Blade Dwarf. 

EL8YN, Blsov, a An awl, 8. JBosiJay. In SheU. 
pron. aiioon. — Teut adtene. 

ELSIN-BOX, «. A box for holding awls, 8. 
,ELSON-BLADE, t. The awl itself. 

EL80N-HEFT, «. 1. The handle of an awl, 8. 2. The 
designation for a pear, from its resemblance to the 
haft at an awl, 8. 

ELSFETH. Act Condi., p. 208, col. 2. This I am 
inclined to view as a corr. of the name Blieabeth, 
although it has been considered as itself a proper 
name, which is abbreviated into Bltpet, Bltpa, Eppie, 
and JEpt. 

T\> KMEBOE, v. a. totpinriiDupHlallJ. fariO'i 


KHMEUtyNO. c. DUfipUlnnl. SI. Pol. 
ZHMEna.i.pi. Hed-hDIuhA Dumtr.— A. 8. ofliiv- 
"li lEDlU* miDoua 
n efw, ICBto, Rlhl OCT, «r, pftFticuUt 


BNACB. I. gaiidiciron (or * ttttptra. Aff. Vw.- 

EKBCSCUT. • Ambiumlt. Sar>«ir. 
ENBUaCHHENT, t. 1. Anbniih, BorMw. 3. ITicd 

roKKCHAIP, II. n, Ferluip>Uo)><Ttlubud,~rr. 

XUHIS, tKHii.tKtf. 1. Vkilablt. Aug. 3. J* (mull 

ENDBITT. (. goo* drlvaD kf the iriDi]. 

■kAf, * chill, (tiK>nunt«hL,B*[dri. Ajra. IDiiIsd 

■acd In nUUoB uanotilMl Ibillspluid lawciRlr. 

««ll, S. JfoMl P, 

or Ibraleni to hll; u, "nat iKn Xaiidi xcry,- tlui iWiw lun mn ■ pwper boiiom. Aan. 

0^((. CMurnin. i^noii.-Su. 0. yma, unuo, lo 

loouili-™KlTfor<lejmnum.B. Oo». 

TiTT, alunun ; III. yw. trmin, Turiiii 

END'S B&BAND. The nftc^ dulpi, B. thll.— 

Thlt phrua hit oinjri >ppoar«l lo m* Is bo p»- 

plHjs of dnu ; ipolicD in deflsloo, or wilh PonltBipl, 

BooooHl ana (mod. 1. .„ "Iho dDKlo ormort," 

aiUnwtT. — PtrUpiiUiiid Lo A. B. amraUud, eii- 

liem A. B.aiHi, Uio pmlL of on. miu, tciai, tut 

dmcLIm "ncpllBl," Somner. S»« deootei > ng. 

oerm* dudUiu, legsUo, q. " haliif b> vnHca w 


ENDWATB, odi. To ;[E iHlvayi irlUi ujpOM ol 

from A. S. onnclc. Id. 

-orll, to e«t p»lt7 woH Ull««b ■ilk it. W HHWd 

T, EIFIKH. 0. 

KNE, pi, Efrt. y. Era. 

TViKMPAtiCH.EiiruaHi.a.a. Tobluiler. Belltndia, 

-0, B. ld.,Fr.«.|i«c*c, 

bV. Uo 1. .1», MllHl, bT lh( pautnr of R, tt. 

EMFBITEOS, (. A gruil 111 feu-fim. «rife. 

/« *«™. a< yjnvt lit Soft™, uk jnjuj i*iy. »c., 


uorlUibon. UE^nmii. 

KMW^ASCE, ,. PlBuoro. AcUJ^.m. 

KNEMT.i Aninl. Fi(o.-Pn>l.Wjeo.i,f™ii». i. 

EMPLSaECR. .. buna with »iip/«niKt. 

ri.EHPt£aS,>.a. Toplcuc. Ja. Audit. 

BMPHEaowNE,.. *,pri«o«, ir*.*>™.-Ft.«i- 

KNSCCH. TFi-ca. .. Emmgli,*,. pi, »«« IPa^ 

Iaa.-A, e. p<<»A, »llt. 

XNEDOH. EucBu, adi'. Enoi«h. ful ntaiO; 


Jirtltj wtO, S. A. SeM'l Ptirmi. 

EHFOSGEbT, ado. 

KNFCHDETrNO. 1. Pcrlwp^uUliDi. J 
O, mv^faaddt cul iplrlciu pnw^lUHoa fi 
BNOAIONE,!. iDdlgukUuu. Barbour, 

fouuB poopli, S, " Tbo £ngJMi aiul 
bo pliT«i b)r purUoi of hojpa, Bho, iI^tIi 

h«p dopDHlteO 
■oDiout dIUAnc 
Hn iiho U uLoi 

" AlootH «a«„ Aw. 1831. p. ■). 
>«. ■lUiiD tb< UuB, I* uctM >f u • 

1 kopt bt k diOHMM, tit oMbiu IW 

,pt)Iltr. uDliioDBeDf blAeonimiteisaB 




and acute Elinbeth of England had any raspldon of 
the effect of her politios on the Scottish nation, ahe 
used to Inquire how the hoys were amosinff them- 
selTea. If they were acting as soldiers, she con- 
sidered it as a proof that it was time for her to arm. 

ENGLISH WEIGHT, AToirdupois weight Thus de- 
nominated, because the pound in England contains 
sixteen onnoea, 8. 

fV» ENGBAGE, v. a. To Irritate. especIaUy by holding 
up to ridicule by means of satire, Ayrs. This Mcms 
to be the same with Snonge, to aggravate. 

•ENGRAINED, part, adj. Any thing is said to be 
mgriUned with dirt, when it cannot be cleaned by 
simple washing ; when the dirt is, as it were, incor- 
porated with the graiUf or texture, of the substance 
referred to, S. 

To ENGBBGB, «. a To iggxaTate. JHattog.—^- 
engrtQ-er^ id. 

To ENGREYE, EiamiWB, v. a. To rex. Barbour.— 
Fr. frev^, id. 

BNKEEBLOCH, <u^. Harlng a difficult temper, Ayrs. 
— Aided, perhaps, to Teut. omt-keer-tn, immufeue, or 
as signifying arertere ; or flrom Genu, mii, against^ 
also used intenslTely, and jkdkr-«n, to turn. 

ENKERLT, EvoMar, Ixkieub, adv. 1. Inwardly. 
Borftoicr. 2. Ardently ; keenly. JkmgUu.-^fT. tn 
cmtar, q. la heart. 

ENXiANG, od;. What regards the length of any olUect» 


ENNER, 0dj. Nether; having aa inferior place, 

Lanaiks. Perhaps a oorr. of tmder. 
ENNSRMAIR, a4j. More In an inferior sitnatton, ibid. 
ENNSRMAI8T, ttdj. Nethermost, ibid. 
ENORM, at^j. Very great; excessive. Malfomr't 

PfoeL—Jr, enonne, Lat. enorm-is. 
ENORMUE, adv. SxcesslTely; enormously. Aelt 

EN PRISE, $. Snteipilse ; cmpilse ; exertion of power. 

Kint^M Quair. V. Empebsb. 
ENPRUNTEIS, Eicracxns, a pi. Apparently the act 

of levying or borrowing money. Aeti Jo. VI.— -Wr. 

mpnmt, a borrowing, einpnmt-er, to borrow. 
ENRACINED, part. pa. Rooted. Gcrdon*$ HitU 

BarU o/SutKerl.—VT. enradiU, id. 
ENS, ExzB, adv. Otherwise, 8. This is used in vul- 
gar conversation for E. else.— Sn. G. annan, signi- 
fies alias, otherwise, ftrom annan, alius. 
ENS, ExsB, eonj. Else, Loth. S. 0. itarriaot. 
ENSSINTIS, ExsKirTS, Axsmrrs, «. 1. A mark, or 

badge, i^fndaay. 2. An ensign, or standard. Knox. 

8. The word of war. Barbour, 4 ib company of 

soldiers. Knox.— -Jr. tnteiffne, 
RSSELTt, prvt. Sealed. Barbovr, 
•9b ENT, V. a. 1. To regard ; to notice, Shett. 2. To 

obey, ibid. Su. G. ant-Or signifies to regard, to take 

notice of. 
ENTAILTEIT, part, pa. Formed. Paliee of Hon.— 

Fr. entaiU-tr, to carve. 
ENTENTELT, ode. Attentively. Barlwar. 
EMTENTIT, part, pa, Broqght forward Judicially. 

Acts Mary. V. Ixtkxt. 
ENTENTTTE, ac(;. Earnest; intent Barbour.— Vt. 

ENTRAMMELS, i. pi. 1. Expl. bondage ; the chains 
of slaveiy, Ayrs. 2. Prisoners of war, ibid. This 
seems to be merely in tramrndtf S.— The origin is 
Fr. trt-ratlU, a net for partridges. 
ENTREMELLTS, t. pi. Skirmishes. BorteMr.- Fr. 
«nlrsn«I-€r, to Intermingle. 

ENTRE8, SiTiM% «. Access; entry. Bdlendon.— 

Fr. VMbrio, 
ENTRES, t. Interest ; concern. Aelt Sedt, 
ENTRES SILUER. The same with Gerjome, q. v. 

ActtJa. VI. 
ENTTFOW, aij. Invidious ; malicious ; malignant, 

EPHESIAN, $. The name given, in some parU of 
Galloway, to ap h oa ta n t . 

EPIE, Yvii, 9i A blow, as with a sword, Roxb.— 
Supposed to be from Fr. itpU, ipU^ a sword. 

EPISTII«,«. A.harangue or discourse; Dumbar. 

EQUAL-AQUAL, adj. Alike, Loth. Dumfr. 

To EQUAL-AQUAL, v. * To balance accounts ; to 
make one thing ttpul to another, Loth. Anti- 

EQUAL8-AQUALS,ade. In the way of division stricUy 
equal, South of 8. PiraU. 

EQUATE, prvt. and part. pa. Levelled.. BeUenden, 
—From Lat ae^Mo-re, aequat-ui^ id. 

EQUTRIBR, t. An equeny. Actt Ja. VL — From 
Fr. esevycr, cciqfer, id. 

ER. 1. The termination of many words expressive of 
office or oeciqMUlon, both in S. and E. ; as, waadcer, 
a fuller, tkipper^ a diipmaster, baker^ one who bakes, 
variier^ one who writes, Ac.— Wachter views this ter- 
mlnatloo, which Is also used In Germ., and the other 
northern -langusges, 4ui having the same signification 
with lAt viTi, and 0. B. ur. a man. This idea re- 
ceives powerful conilrmatlon firom what he sukjolns, 
that cr and man are used as ^'non. terminations ; as, 
Belg. schlpper and schlpmon, nauta, plower and 
plowMOM, arator, kauffer and kauffman, mercator, 
Ac. 2. In other words, Into which the idea of man 
does not enter, it is simply used as a termination, 
like Lat or. In oonder, q^Isndor, Ac. T. Wachter, 
BroL sect vi« 

ER, adv. Before. Borftoiir. T. An. 

ERAND-BEARER, «. A messenger. 

ERAin>IS, $. pi. Affairs ; business. Act» Ja. V. — 
A. S. aera^d^ negotlum ; Leg. Onut Gaedmon. This 
Is only a secondaiy sense, as it- primarily means a 

ERAR, Eaexb, oomp. 1. Sooner. Gawan and Ool. 
2. Rather. Wyntoum. 

ERAST, tuperl. 1. Soonest Wyntown. 2. Erast is 
used, by Ninian Wlnyet, in the sense of chiefly, 
especially, most of all. E. earliest. 

ERGHIN (ffuU.), t. ▲ hedgehog, Fife. UrAin, E. 
Armor, keureuchin^ Id. 

ERIV, EaoB, YiEO, Yaara, st 1. The earth, S., pron. 
yird. Wyntown. 2. Ground ; soil, 8.— A. 8. eard, 
lA. jaurdf Id., fhmi Isl. aer-o, er-id, to plough ; Lat 

To ERD, Ykbd, v. o. 1. To Inter a dead body, 8. B. 
Barbour. 2. Denoting a less solemn Interment. 
Barbour. 8. To cover with the soil, for concealment, 
8. Poemt Butkan Diai.—Sn. G. iord-ai, sepellri ; 
Isl. iard-o. 
ExDi JLXD Stami. Proeett oferdt and $tant^ the legal 
mode of giving validly to the casualty of Recogni- 
tion, by which the right of property Is returned to the 
superior. Brtk. Intt. 
ERDDYN, Yianiv, t. 1. An earthquake. Wyntown. 
— A. 8. eorth-dyn^ terrae motos. 2. Thunder, 8. B. 
ERD-DRIFT, Eaoairr, «. A word commonly used in 
the counties cf Aberd. and Mearns, to denote snow 

or hail driven violently by the wind ftrom off the 

«arth; opposed to roi0defi-dr(/)i; which signifies 

KUU l: 

KKB, Ru^ i. f 
ROF, a4i. 1, . 

EHP, Kin. ad< 

ERun, ivh. I 
Td BROII, Aid 

Unldlt]', B. 
EROB. a^. ] 

_ irt wlUt QDe'ft pn^pntft Eovb, 
EKOB, SuHiRa, 1. 1. I>fiuMi 

4r; Mnildrt]', S, 
EBV. KiKI, E» 

. DmotlOK U 

1. S. art-iaa, tarfewt 

CimlBghvaf ■plriu.S. Bum 
neluicholT ■B'ccIIdi ihi mlBd. fnn U 

te the (Mllngi. sc n twikto pilaliil rMoUec- 
S. 0. Ccllattrt «/ 01iiiAiini{s. e, Hdm- 

RsrSLAND, Bluuib. 

KRNA.'n), jwrt. j<r. RannJng, jtfalUaiid r,— 
ERN-TRRN, 1. nt briWe ftcn. B., <I. " *= a 

«RR*SV,«. Ittnu. AtU 
«keD lif Ibe tllgMaiHltn 

n> BItT, >>. a. 1 
To EB.T m. <,. a. 

BRTiKD, port, , 

To loclB; B IrrlBU, Vfp. drit*. 
ildu ; hiiing lb* imnt «* 

BRTIRMG, aifj. 

■■'fl'V fltns *e,. A;n*. A dtrinUti rms ar<. 
BSCH, •, Tbr uh. ■ ttH. AkMoi. 
BSCHAT. 1. Inu> ; unamauon. 
TViaaOBAME.->. n. Ti>bgut»n«(, IKmelat. 
BiCEIKL, Bkiiill, I, 4 illTlMoa nr u ubj. Mr- 

bilir,— O. Ft. oAilUA k ti|Bldn>n. 
BSCHELLrf, Egcaninr. t, ■■ Aia ■cArU'I KhM 

wKhTnDvliboQtnebnlL" /nMiiUrU. 
niBMTHBTB. ■»«<•,•. B. Toublna. RMmt. 

S3C1IBW, >. AoaidilsfUBFnL Bortev. 

EaEMKNT 0^ HOtJSBAtJ). At>p*"">tr L 
icinmiuDdiUoii br llTlUK Id % ' 


uf jwrDa 

m J»r« SrfafU, Ibt \on 



ritnloM, "IbtabDltbodf ««• 




f1» nriMT, V. «. ToibrmftJiidgBiaitor;toeitiiBate. 

— fr. uttmer^ to prUWi to TBloe. 
S8TLSB, iBrLAB, oc^. Heftm ; polUhed. Stmmg, 


BSTLUfS, ado. Bather, Ajn. Aenfretrg. Pkkm.— 
A. & mett, etl, ettimstto, " estimation, ralae, esteem f 
So. O. IsL mC, amor, oifioM, cams. Zku Is the 
temixiation of adreihs which Is so eommoii In our 
Temaralar language, as denoting quality. Thus, 
dflllM is eqniTalent to willingly, with good will, and 
has an origin analogous to another S. word, also sig- 
nifying rather. This is Leeer, Xciicr, Leuir, LocTf 
Lamrd, Ae., as corresponding with B. at li^, of which 
it is merely the oomparatlTe. While as li^ tignl- 
lies "as willingly," leeer is stronger; the literal 
meaning heteg, " mere willingly,'' or " with greater 
affec tion." V. Luois, LrKoa. 
XTKRIS, Enis, adj. 1. Keen; bitter; applied to 
weather, Bozb. "An Ory sky," DvoBotr. 8. Ill- 
humoured; ill-tempered, Bozb. 8. Hot-headed; 
fiery ; haTing an angry look, Dnmfr. Bozb.— This 
term, though here used metaph., seems to be merely 
Tent. eUeriffhj Belg. etUHOt saniosus, fhnn etter 
Tonom. When the cold is very keen, It Is sometimes 
said to be Tenomous. 
BTH, a^f. Xssy. Y. Brra. 

1V> XTHEB, BoDsa, v, a. To twist ropes round a 
stack, or fence it with ropes, Aberd.— A. 8. AeoMer- 
ion, aicere, «ohibete. 
ITHBBGAP, s. A Tarlety of EUer-eap, Lanarka 

Oeatle Skqplherd. 

STHXBlTf8,<ui9. 1. Either, 8. 0. 2. Bather, Berwicka 

ITHXBnf 8, EfTSBEmn, a pi. The cross ropes of a 

thatched roof or stack, 8. B.— A. 8. ethers a oorert, 

hea iher-ian, arcere. 

ETHIK, EncK, adj. 1. Hectic Bettmdm. 2. De- 

llca te, 8. B.->Fr. etique^ hectic. 
BTIN, t. A giant. V. BnTTir. 
ETION, s. Lineage, 8. B. Foemt BuAan Dial. — 

Hl O. aeUy ett, fsmily. 
ETNAGH BEBBIES. Juniper henries, Ang. Jfott. 
ETNAQH, EnACB, a^j- Of or belonging to Juniper ; 
made of the wood of the J«niper bush, 8. B. Taylor't 
8. Poem: 
ETT, Ear, t. Habit ; custom, Ang. ; more generally 
used in a bad sense ; as iU eUt, bad habits ; ill tett, 
id. Fife. — Tsl. katt, haette^ manner, nature of a 
thing ; Ihre rlews Su. O. \et, the termination of 
many words, corresponding to Oerm. and Belg. ktit, 
A. 8. ikod, E. hood^ as originally the same ; as they 
are all used to ezpress quality. 
To ETTEB, V. n. To emit purulent matter, 8. ; also 
used metaphorically. The Provott. T. Atbib, 
ETTEBCAP, t. 1. A spider, 8. %. An iU-hnmoured 

person, 8. Waverley. T. AmBOOP. 
KTTEBLIN, «. A cow which has a calf, when only 
two years old, Benfr. Perths. The tenn Ovarbaek is 
elsewhere applied to a cow which has not a calf 
when three years old. 
lb ETTIL, BiTLB, Attbl, v. a. 1. To aim ; to take 
aim, 8. It is, howerer, more frequently used as a 
neuter t. Douglat. 2. To make an attempt, 8. 
JZams^. 3. To propose ; to design, 8. Douglat. A. 
To direct one's course. HoulaU. 6. To aspire ; to 
be ambitious, Ayrs. Oalt. 0. To ezpect ; as, ** Vm 
eUlin* hell be here the mom," I ezpect that he will 
be here to-morrow, Upp. Clydes. 7. To reckon or 
compute, Bozb. — Isl. aetla, destinare. 

BTTLB; ErLnni, t. 1. A maik, 8. Rett, 2. Aim; 
attempt, 8. Burnt. S. Design. Barlmtt, 4. 

ETTLBB, t. One who alms at any partieular oliject, 
or has some end in Tiew, 8. 0. 

To EYAIO, V. «. To wander; to roam. Betttrnd. T. 
Liv, Ta^xrit Lat — Fr. eeagnsr, id. 

EYANTAOB, Atabtaob, t. A term, borrowed flrom 
the laws of France, ezpresstre of certain rights be- 
longing to children after the decease ef their parents, 
or to a husband or vtfi after the death of one of the 

BYASIONff. Wayofetei^; means of escaping. It 
oceun te thia sense tai our metrical Torsioa of Psal. 


EYE-EEL, s. The conger eel, M uraena conger, Linn. 
A.gT. Surv, Porjitrt. 

To EYEN, V. a. 1. Toequid, B. SirJ. SineUttr, 2. 
To bring down to a certain lerel. Buihefford, 8. 
To talk of one as a match for another in marriage, 8. 

EYENDOHN, adj. 1. FMpendleular, 8. 2. Denot- 
ing a Teiy heary fUl of rain, & OaU. 8. Honest ; 
downright, 8. Oalt. 4. Direct, plain, ezpress, 
without reserre or qualification, 8. OaU. 8. Mere, 
sheer, ezcluding the idea of any thing but that men- 
tioned, 8. Bmrm, 4. Oonflrmed or habitual. This 
Is scarody a customary use of the term. 

EYEN-HANDB. (An adTeri>ial torn of ipeech.) On 
an e qual footlBg, 8. A. Ho§ff. 

EYENNEB, a An Instrument used by wearen for 
spreading out ttio yam on the beam, Loth. Y. 

EYENTUBE, t. Fortune. PUaeettie, Synon. with 
Avtntwt, E. odsenfMre; fkom Lat adven-irt, q. 
"what comes to one."— L. B. ewnhir-a, fortuna. 

EYEB, Itbb, o^;. a term applied to places where 
there are two of the same name, denoting that which 
Is uppermost, or fturthest up the hill, reckoning fran 
the bed of the nearest rirer; as Ivor Nitbet, Tver 
CfraUinfft Teviotd. This was originally the same 
with Uver and Ouer, q. t. 

To EYEB, V. a. To nauseate, Qydes. 

EYEB BANE. Irory. Inventariet. 

EYBBIOH, a^Hj. Breiy. Everidkone, every one. 
Kinift Quair.—k. 8. a^frt taCy id. 

EYEBYBSTBEEN, s. Used for Haro-yttirten ; the 
erening before last, Chdloway. 

mrSBlLK,adj. Erery. Lyndtof. A. 8. a«/W eolc, id. 

EYBBLIE, adn. Constantly, perpetually, without in- 
termission, Ang. Fife, Bozb. 

EYEB0GK8, t. The cloodbeny, knootberry, or Bubus 
chamaemorus. 8yn. Atbbimb. 

EYEB8IYE, o^;. Causing, or tending to, the over- 
throw of. OrookAank. 

EYIDBNT, s. AtiUe-deed,8. Spalding. 

EYIL-HEIDIT, a4j. Prone to strike with the Head ; 
a term applied to an oz accustomed to butt. Bal/our't 

EYILL, adlj. In bad preservation ; nearly worn out 
Inventariet.— A. 8. ffel^ rills, inatilia 

EUILL-DEDY, adj. Wicked. Lyndtay.—k. 8. y/el 
daedOt praya sgena 

EYIL MAN. A designation giren to the deril. Aett 
Att. Y. Ill Mjlb. 

EYILL- WILLBB, s. One who has iU-will at another, 
or seeks his hurt Keilh't HUt—k. 8. yfel^miU-an, 
male Telle, Bttle intendere ; part pr. yfO-wiU tmde^ 

« UMiinE of Pmlqrw rj. 




KXTBANBANB, Bxtkahsab, adj. Ssiraiiuame cord- 
mmrUf ooidwalners coming £rom a distance, or nofc 
cQlojing the Ubertiee of a burgh. Jberdun 

IXTBANXAN, t. A scholar in the higher classes of 
the Onunmar School, Aberdeen, who has receired 
the prerious part ot his educatioa at another 

lyuJSXTRATAOS, «. n. To deviate in discourse. 
^ F&untaitUuM. V. Sr&iTAio. 
EXTRfi, t. Axle-tree, & JDoualof . T. Ax-tebb. 
SXULAT.port.lMi. Exiled. 4f>erd, Reg.-L. B. and-art. 
XZAR, ocj/. Of or belonging to the tree called maple. 

HeHPi CM. V. Masbb. 
EZLB,t. Asparicofflie, geneiaUyfromwood, Dmnflr. 

y. JtOML. 


^A, V. and t, T. Faw. 

VA', Fab, «. Foe. DouoUu. — A. 8./1, Id. 

lb FA* BT on^$ BBST. Not to sleep. 

tv FA' IB BABDB wi' (me. To entev Into conrtship with 
oi.e, with a Tiew to marriage, 8. 

THA*&(of). To abate, Aberd. 

IbFA'.v.n. TofUl. 

2V> FA* &ert v. n. 1. To fall asleep, 8. Mteg. DdUon. 
8. To be in childbed ; or, as now tcij indeflnitelj 
expressed, to be confitud^ 8. 

To FA' throWf «. a. 1. To relinqaish any ondertaking 
from negligence or lasiness, 8. 2. To bnn^e any 
bnsiness ; as it is said of a public speaker, when he 
loses his recollection, and either stops entirely, or 
speaks incoberentiy, '* He/eU tkrouifh his discourse," 
8. 8. To lose ; to come short of. It is often said to 
a trsTeller, who hM arriTed late, '* I fear ye're fa*n 
tkroMokjotit dinner between towns," 8. 4. To defeat 
any design by mismansgement Thus, it is often 
said of a young womasv " By her foolish airs, she's 
/a'n fkrcmok her marriage," 8.— Belg. doorvaU-tn^ to 
fall through. 

FAB, t. A fob, or smatt poeket ; used as denoting a 
tobaod^poBch, South of 8. A. Seotfi Poemt. — 
Qtrm./wppe^ loculus. 

FABORIS, Suburbs. WaUace.—WT.fauxbourff, Id. 

FABOURDON, s. Counterpoint in music. Bura.— 
Jr. /au»^nmrdon. 

* FACE, i. The edge of a knife, or of any other sharp 
instrument, 8. — TabUt d Face, cut into sereral sharp 
angles. V. Fast. 

FACHSNI8, pi. Falchions. Z>oii02a«.~Fr. fauehon, 
a short crooked sword. 

FACUEBIE, Fr. Fasheib, «. Trouble, 8. AcUJa. VI. 

FACHT. hti.fiieht, flight HoulaU. 

FACIE, adj. 1. Bold ; fearless. Thus a sheep is 
said to be facie when it stands to the dog, when it 
will not more, but fairly facet him, Teriotdale. 2. 
Forward ; impudent, ibid. 

FACILE, adj. A facile man is a forensic phrase in 8., 
which has no synonyme in E. It does not signify 
one who is weak in Judgment, or deficient in mental 
ability, but one wbo possesses that softness of disposi- 
tion that he is liable to be easily wrought upon by 

FACOUND, adj. Having a graceful utterance. Bel- 

lencfen.— Let /ocumi-iu, id. 
FACTOR, Factoub, t. 1. A land-steward, or one who 
has the charge of an estate, who lets the lands, col- 
lects the rents, Ac BoeweWt JoumaX. 2. A per- 
son legally appointed to manage sequestrated pro- 
perty, 8. Ersk. Inst. 8. One to whom escheated 
property Is given ; equivalent to DonaUny, q. v. S. 
FACTOBIE,!. Agency. Xcttres o//actorie, letters em- 
powering one person to act for another. Aett Jo. VI. 
FAPDIS, «. j»I. Boats. BeUendeH,^Qwel. fada. 

2b FADSOM, «. a, T. Fasom. 

FADE, Fbdb, adj. Appointed. Sir Triitrem.—k, 8. 

fadrOfHi ordinare. 
FADE, t. A company of hunters. Xtonfrlat. — Isl. 

veid-o, to hunt ; Gael. Jlad3k, a deer. 
To FADE, V. a. To Ihll short in. W^ntown. — IsL /a^ 

CMC, deficit 
FADER, Fadtb, «. Father. jBar5oiir.— Aberd., A. 8. 

faoder^ Isl. fader^ id. 
FADERLT, adj. Fatheriy. BelUnden. 
FADOE, «. A bundle of sticks, Dumfir. — 8w. fagg^ 

FADQE, Faob, t. 1. A large fiat loaf, or bannock, Ol. 

Sibb. 2. A flat wheaten loaf, Loth. Bamtay.— 

Teut vegghe, libnm oblongum ; Fr. /mooe, a thick 

cake. 8. A lusty and clumsy woman, 8. Bitton, 
To FADLE, FAinLB, v. n^ To waddle, Ang. 
FADOM, t. A fathom, 8.— Isl./odnw. 
To FADOM, Faodoii, v. a. 1. To measure, used in a 

literal sense, 8. 2. To encompass with the arms, 8. 

and 0. E. Burnt. 8. To comprehend; applied to 

the mind, 8.— Isl. fadm-a, amplectl. 
FAE, Fa, pron. Who, Aberd. Ol. Aniiq. 
FAE, jmp. From ; as, fat home, from home, 

FAG, t. The sheep-louse, 8. 0. Surv. Agr. 
FAOALD, t. 1. Fagot. Barbour. 2. A bundle of 

twigs or heath, tied with straw ropes, formerly used 

in Ettr. For. for shutting up the doorway under night, 

when there was no door. 
FAGOIE, adj. Fatiguing; as, a f aggie day, one that 

tires orfagt one by its sultriness, Stirlings. 
FAO-MA-FUFF, t. A ludicrous term for a garrulous 

old woman, Roxb. 
FAOS, t. The name given to a disease of sheep ; sup- 
posed lousiness, 8. 
FAGSUM, adj. Producing weariness or fatigue ; tire- 
some, Perths. 
FAGSUMNESS, t. Tlresomness, ibid.— Perhaps 8w. 

fagg-apaa tig^ se onerare. 
FAT, t. 1. Faith. iryntowi».-0,Fr./e. 2. Fidelity; 

allegiance. Barbour. 
FAT, (tdj. On the verge <rf death ; the same with JVjf, 

q. V. 
To FAID, V. n. To firown, Ork.— Isl. faedt aversio, 

displicentta, Verel. 
PAIR, t. A corr. of Faith. InfaHc, in faith, Dumfr. 
To FAIR, V. a. To graq>. Douglat. — Fland./oefe-en, 

To FAIR, V. a. To fold ; to tuck up, 8. Burnt. Feeket, 

folded.— Sw. veefe, a fold. 
FAIR, t. 1. A fold, 8. B. Bannatyne P. 2. A pUid, 

Ang. Fatkie^ Aberd. Joum. Land, 
FAIR, «. A stratum of stone, Loth. 
FAIR,s. The raaor-bill, a bird. NeiU. 
To FAIR« V. a. 1. To lower the price of any commo- 


dltj. LoA. Penti>. 0911. S. Ta let ID »»■ IB- VAIB-OA' 

punitj, UiUi.— Bu, O.faUt-a, M«hokp<ia. 
TB FAIK, Suck, v. n. To tall, a. B. Am. to. Q. 

r*]RINS, Oudf/aiHiu. i 
nmiiu, S. B. V. Faui. 
FAIKS, pi. My /aila, > i 

I, bj DOf flilh, 

! eliluij, LMh. nia . (fill 
J^ilryuifaU. AiHH anl Ooal. Tbit U vrMantljr 
q, M'Vnir, or drirtog /ulrly w tsuUeojl;. J. fHv 
Uring ; vlmdliDg ; «jaUii«, iUa. »lrll^. 
r±na,,. l. Onnc. cmpbDmUt. 1. BiiBllUn 

FA.IL, <u|;', Fnil ; in • ftlM >uu u (o eoiponi 
■bllit;, Kmb.— Su. 0. Jti deoDlcitKiUi conl u 
phTBlol deTMt ; Imt./ati, \4. /arl-a, irHctn. 

VAIL) Falx, Fiul. «. I. Any STHBKj pjut of tbt id 
&« of ih< gnotid. DDUfliu. a. A Ost gnsif do 
cat from lli« iwird, B. fiiUnulni,— fiu, 0. •>«. 
{ftOB. M(l), sw.rf, 

FAtL-DVKX, I. A nil boUl of indi. & Jftfutntif 

2 TobtiDwiuto 

rAtMIE.ib|>-- FoiunT. 

Td pal Ui Irlkl, Sir Triitran. 3. 
florftnw.— A. H./amMan. (mtiro. 
n FATND, «. H, To BUlIe thlfl fOr ot 

n^ Act 8rdl. S, 
brrub of barfEis, 

iDf bl7 dry ; ippllBd «■ 
S( for teliii UtiD 111, 

WyttMim. a, 

FAIPLE, 1. n. A« 

FAIH. orfj. balm, 
FAIB, Fnit, Fki«, 

FAEB, «>n. Fir, ■ 

It. :. FuDdii I 

im. fijff-ryi, 10 «1 

Appruukco- />(rtiFlai. 

ulr. PHaUf/PMU. 
Apt; nuiTi ILkelT 

'Oin bf (iiK 

FAY1l.a4f- Proper B«*«f.— Moi* O /«», Moomi 
7>i FAIR. v. ■. To dau Bp : IpFUid IB <bi itBoo 
pbf th la ntnruaa U pneadlaf nU, S. n* AiHT 

Bniioj 10 b* njwd bjr cbe pmuKir la Lothian ; u, 
*-Let IbelatJxpt '.Wt bairn faird; It^a bolutladf ; 

FAIRCFD, fUPL }«. PiiDlad. V. FuD. s. 

FAIUDIB. o*". Pinloiulc ; tiutlbte. Tb#row^b-- 
dti. 10 (tt iDIo ■ putlon, Ajn.— Oscl. /urpacA, 
■ngrj ; puslDoUe ; fiart-am, loTa; la firk 

FAISDIKQ. t. Tloloii blowliix. Aurd. 

FAVae, Fiu, 1. Coam, H'FU'awii.— liI./aT, ltd. 

Fair /am jt 


ICC, bi^aU Uu fern 

IS well, 3. 
pj lot, or cba 

. FlUID. 

Fuk-Fustn, 04: HBrlii((n>t 
nUoa vllhoat ihi rdiij ; luiln« 
In BMuier. i tfW llirrUUtf. 

lal >ni)>Uan ut Uw ikin. Wbrn 
m l> Mid u be la • perf«i fairfit, 
•Igaifiet M bo oiBirua Mlk [)>• 


FAlB-ORASa, i. BuJboui c 
lUmmruliu boUntiu, Uaa. ; mid Iq 


r (htct^ Stirllufcm. Wijfaj^ mf 

tbo aumiuidlQf annl. tnppqaed b^ Uib tiiI^t or 
wparBUnoui lo be Hit •poI oa vhlKb lb>/)iris IwU 
UuirdaHKi. 3. Kiln Mm. 

FAIRT-IIAHMKB, t. A ipceleisdMBCbaMwt. & 

FAini-BILLOCsa.*;!;. Vcntantkaalli.daiMalKlea 
1mm tka Tulgir Idea IliaL tbcje wpto astieadT laha- 
bUsa bf Uio birisi, vr ibai tbe; mad m duoc UMn, 


lelF freal aaqual baaixoet on tt 

Far UoM- 

FAumTusn, I, tk« u 




wUae, fionncriy dlitUled in the district of thto naaM 
la Pom ahlre, diitlii(iilabed bj the ftroag flATour it 
baa aeqoirad in oonMqoence of the hm of pea^focl 
In lii prepaimUoo, S. Clam Alb^, 
r AIE BTRAS-DSATH. Death in the comiBon come 

ofoatiire. V. BnAB-DBiTH. 
FAIBlMBy «. jl. The itriDgj pftrti of cloth, retOBbling 
the Hat (8. eodiK*), applied to a woond, S. ; iVcw- 
ia#t, Boxb. 

FAIT,«. 3b loM /oil </, to loieone'i good opinion, or 
•Oth o«; 8.— Fr./a^/Me de, to Joy in. 

T9 r ATT, «. a. Peihapi, fhtne. 8ir Triti, 

FABABT, Fbikt, «. 1. A hemaphrodite of the gal- 
Uanceoiis tribe, Bo]d>. 8. Applied to a ponj man 
who has little of the masenllne appenianee, ibid. 8. 
▲leo osed to denote an impodent person, IMd. 

n VAIZl, ViAM, Faiss ovi, «. «• 1. A term applied 
to doth when the threads are separated from each 
other, and assume the form -of the raw material at 
the place where it has been rent, 8. 2. " To hare 
tbeedgeof avaior, orothersharpinstrament, tamed 
oat to a side, instead of being blonted, by nee.** €H. 
f. Nairn. — Tent, voese, vcm, flbra capiUamentnm, 
Killan. Hence Belf . resel, a hairy string, 
as that of a root ; vese^ea, to grow stringy ; «esel<^, 

.T»iFAIZLB,«. a. To flattery 8. B.--8a. O.;fot-ch id. 

Fb FAKS, «. a. 1. To give heed to, Orkn. S. To be- 
Uere ; to credit, ibid.— Tent /sefe-ea, apprehendere ; 
IsL/Mj/oeele, capere, aecipere, adiplsci. 

^AUBS. B}f my fakat a minced oath, Aberd. W. 
.BMUi^t TaUi, T. Faik, and Faiu. 

^ALD, Faou>, «. 1. A sheep-fold, 8. £osf. 2. An 
s asls snr e of any kind. Joa^Iot. A. 8. IsL /old, 
septam animallom. 

Td-FALD. Faclo, v. a. To enclose in a fold, 8. Burm. 
— 8w./uUa,id. 

To FALD, V. a. To bow, 8. (Tordsa.— A. 8./NiM-aa, 

7b FALD, Fauld, v. a. To enfold, 8. Jtaa. AiflU. 
^Sorno. — A. B./€aldr€My plicare. 

FALD. Y. Avnt^LD, i, e., upright. 

FAIJ>-DIKS, i. A wall of turf, sunoundiag the space 
appropriated for a fold, 8. 

f ALDXBALI^ «. 1. A gewgaw ; most commonly in 
pl^ 8.; synon. fdU-itU. Hogg. ^ Sometimes used 
to denote Idle fsncieaor conceits, 8. A term appar- 
ently foimed tron tbeuameaning repetitions in some 
old songs. 

VAUB, «. Turf; Ac Y. Fam^ 

Ti* FALE, V. a. To happen. Wyntown. 

FALK, Faux, «. The rasor-bilL JforMa. 

FALKLAND-BRKD, a4j. Squiralent to "bred at 
ooort f Falkland in Fife baring been the faTourite 
residence of sereral princes of the Stuart Csailly. 
Chr. Kirk. 

To FALL, Fa*, v. a. To dissohre, as burnt lime-stone, 
in consequence of being slaked, or as clay when 
frosttritten, 8. Amr. Kineard. 

To FALU V. a. To be one's chance ; to happen. Sir 

To FALL fry, «. a. 1. To be lost, or disappear, 43. 
XuAafonL 2. To be sick, or affected with any ail- 
ment, 8. ; CTidently as Including the idea that one is 
laid aside from work, or from making his usual ap- 
peamnoe in public. 8. In a more deflnite sense, to 
be oenflaed in dUldbed, 8. 

9b FALL or FA' 4m, 9. n. 1. To sink ; as, " His een's 
yb'to As/* hiso}WaresBnkiahishead,8. This Is 

a 8w. idiom ; Oevonea/aUa Ai, the eyes sink, Wldeg. 

2. To become hollow ; as, " His cheeks are/a'a in f* 

his cheeks are collapsed, 8. 3. To subside. Thi 

waUr'a sa<r >b'a in ; the rirer has subsided much ; 

applied to it after It has been swelled by lain, 8. 
To FALL, or Fa' intwa, A Tulgar phrase used to de- 
note ehildbearing, 8. Picken. 
To FALL in wf, «. a. To meet with, either accident- 
ally, or in consequence of search ; applied both to 

persons and to things, 8. CfaU. 
To FALL out, «. a. To make a sally. Monro*$ S^^ped. 

— Belg. ayivo^ea, id. 
To VALL, or Fa', arf bairn. To become pregnant, 8. 

Fieken't Poem; 
IkLL, f. Apii^rently scrap or ofaX^ 8. A. Hogg. 
To J ALL, V. a. 1. To fall to, as one's portion, pron. 

/aw, 8. PMii to the Plaf. 2. To be one's turn. 

lifawU mc now, 8. 
FALL (pron. /aw), t. A measure six ells square, 8. 

AXeaae.— 8u. Q./oIs, pertica, a perch. 
FALL^ Faw, 9. A trap, 8. Bvergrten.—QitTm. faXU ; 

8u. Q./aUa, dedpula. 
FALLALL8, Falaixs, «. pi. A term used to denote 

the gaudy and superfluous parts of attire ; supers 

flcial ornaments, 8. It Is more commonly applied 

to females. €Hd Mortality. 
FALLAUOB, FALAwnoi, a4/. Profuse ; larish, Aberd. 

— Fr. volage, giddy. 
FALL-BOABD, «. The wooden shutter of a window 

that Is not glased, which mores backwards and for^ 

wards on hinges or latches, 8. 0. Blaekw. Mag. 
VALLBBIQ, i. A bridge used in a siege, which the 

besiegen let/oU on the walls, that they might enter 

by it. Borboar. 
FALLEN 8TAB8, t. Jelly tremella, 8. Tremella Nos- 

toe, Linn. ; a gelatinous plant, found in pastures, 

Ac., after rain, 8. 
8ba Fallbv 8rAU, 8ia Luvos. An animal thrown on 

the sea shore in summer and autumn; Medusa 

•quorea, or sea-nettle, Unn. 
To TALLOW^ 9. a. To follow, 8. DougUu. 
To FALLOW, V. a. To equal. Dunbar. 
FALOW, Fallow, «. 1. Fellow ; associate. IFyntown. 

2. A match ; one thing suited to another, 8. ; like S. 

ftlUno. Sadler'i Papert. 
To FAL8, V. a. To falsify. BtUendm. 
FALSAflK, Faiaaeib, «. A fklsifler. AdU Mary. 
To FAl£E a dome. To deny the equity of a sentence 

and appeal to a superior court. Ade. Jo. III. — 

L. B. fcUeare judicium, appellare a Jodiclo. 
FALSED, Falsittb, «. 1. Falsehood. Dunbar. 2. 

A forgery. Acts Marjf.^0. fv./aulseie. 
FALT, Faotb, Fawt, t. Want. JBorftowr.— 0. Fr. 

faute, want of whaterer kind. 
FALTEN, s. A flUet, Argyles.— This is eridentiy Gael. 

/o/toa, '* a welt; belt; ribbon for the head ; «mMd,'*5%aw. 
FALTIYE, a^. Faulty. Blue Elanket.—lt.faiuUif, 

fauUive, id. 
FAME, Faim, Fna, 4. 1. Foam, 8. Douglas. 2. 

Passion, 8. B —A. 8./aia,/«una, spuma. 
To FAME, «. a. To be in a rage, 8. 
VAMELL, afl(/. Female. Oolk. Sow. 
FAMEN,ji<. Foes. ITattaee.— A. 8. /oAmon, foe-man. 
FAMH, t. A small noxious beast SuUUt. Aee. Kirk- 

FAMYLE, Fambll, f. Family ; race. Douglas.— Jr. 

• FAMILIAR, adj. Vwd In the sense of confidential, 

in the phrase '*/niA<ar serranf* PiiseoUie. 

r ol ■nnlhir; libcUnoa i 
BatfMi't Praci. — ti. 

ToVASD.B.a. Toiif. V. Fti». 
FAND, prtt, t, FoDiid, 8. Badm. 
Ta FANB. D. a. To pmuct. Dmbar. 
FAItR. /H/dH.foiulLj. Oaonu and Col. 
FANE,!. iaf\l-.»l<lrj,kyn.TraMtP.Rmrif. 

FANgEEL^ WhMlilwiMuidaiippliig. 5i<>>l 
Patrldi. AptAnntlfkdiRim. (tmd E./anncri, tfaa 

FANO. .. i. Cplo«. H-oite™. J. Tin power of 

MarrUon. 4. A friu or boilf, i. /n a/aiv, » 
CDUnildd u not u Ih iibro w csMpr, tug. Willi 
Ai Sana, luring In poautdoa, U.a. B, In |>1. 
eU>r>orUIoD>.S. T. The btiid gf » rotw, 01. aiM>. 

n> FANO, «. a. To niup ; lo alcb ; U lij hold of. 
A«#. ffrpa. Fonn ii uKd In U» am Haw br 
(UiAliiiKn ^ uiw, Id. IhiTonah. 

fold : u, lo/ani eu iketp. lb. 
>. a. 1. To cptanfile, eipidiUj bf 
iDDHi. A line la ntld u bcfmia, 
ii 10 (Dtuigled ud mrped Ui*I 
iiDTavclU'd. B. anrywne. X 

euUngle hla, 8. 3. Ton 

J^i FAKTIEIE, t>. a- To rrpird * 

FANTON.i. Binnon; MBt, i^Km^Him. 
FANTOWN, o-U. Fmualli!. ITyiUoBB. 
FAOILTEACU, ., Tlio GmIW rlMlfTMllon tor *h»l 

the Lowluden denoniliuti Tlu JBimviiHr il>u|it. 

V, BoKKOWUia Due, 
F1FLB,>. rsAoMa/b/Ai. V. FilfX*. 

FAK, 1. Pompoot pRpaatloB. T fuz, 
FAR, I. Appwvice. Burhnir. V. Fin. 
FAR, Fitti. Firm. 1. KiptdlUsa ; Jonruer. Aa< 

— *. B./IM, I»l. /ar, M. 
FARAND, Fuun, aij. Btaalat; btrlag U 

ppxnpcfl of. I>oivfai. 
AULD-FOLint, <u(;. fiipidou; ptudirnL 3. 
FiivFuuiD, adj. 1. HttliiE I 

S. p. Jtipr. !. HiTins " 

Emt^Fiiunr. i>i(r. Posecmlj. DimBlai. 
Faoi^Fauu. a-a. UsTlng ■ b4d *ppii*ni 
WiiLlrFKirim, oi^. 1. HiTlnc* KDodljri 
Sarbmr- 2. HandHiae. WaiOaa. — £ 

FARAND, pari. pr. Tuvclllnit. Btrl^m 
FAKANDAINS. t. pi. , 


Ttndt, lUDFiwib. 
FAIlMlit. A taiEllcr nr Torv<''- Kwfflai. 
FAlUB.»Hpar. Brlter. Oottaii and fful. 

,-A, B, /» 

|its«, B. .ilWtTWtni. S- DlHant, H B cunuu- 

pitnltj, S. Oaft Jiogr, 
FARAWA'-SRRBBD, i. FordgD' smtl, or ( letlrl 

(na ■ fbrol ju Monlrj, Arr* 
FABOOST, (. A tnding lEHel. Stol. Act.— it. O. 

/iriiiil. an; liuunmoDt of Inrilllng, 
Up FARIV, K*i«D, B. ■. 1. TopiUnt Z. B-v-l. a. To 

FmbclIUh. (^infil, 5.— Vr./ord-T, Ul.,/(ni, paioL 
FAKD;j. PkiDL X.Bufil. 
FARO, Bt(;. Wtat-fari. ■el|.(«wur«d. lyndKiy. 

OF— Su. a. /acif, Di 

R. Brvt. 

rmrlblBH, 9., Cusb. 

FAaHfOLKlS, *. jrf. FklrlM ; fair-fiUt, BuUTk 

/air JtU, or /arhv/oU. 

*B»el/<ir« "— III. ^H-KB iPd Ju, <l./i»n»(ieedBnol» 
• hlfb ntO. Tia pnbllu. Bui UiidonuD eipl. far- 
9tt/-r Ht prlnurltj* ^^uylng alTeba, canilEa. 
FAAHIB-AN-ATUUR, adv. At a coaiUentila dl>- 

FAHT. Flint, f. I, Battle ; tumult, Dunbar. 1. 

Confuilea: eamtcniMloii. tftalat. f. Fiui, 
FARtnO, f. Lradlng of tn amir fiarbour, — 1>1. 

fiir-a. Bii. G. foer-a. diKcn. dnoom trat, 
FARLANV. odj. ComlOB (roni ■ dlniaul Mnntrj. 

NaUIatHl P.—A. S„/H.rl»ii./wrlniil, loagloqoiu. 
FARta F»iTB«. FiiALa,!, Fnprrljr, ibeTgunhiHrl 

inedofieiiforatbinl.S. WKlmr.—tKoi. titr^ttt : 
A. a JfaorfAnlaff, quartA piira. 

FARM-MBAL. i. Heal paid *• fwl of IHa not, B. 




FARRANT, (Ml/. Sagidoos, Selklilci. Hogg- Used 
ellipttcaUy for rndd-farranL Y . Vaskaxd. 

FABST, adj. Having the /arcy, or leprooj of hones. 
Dvmbair. — Fr. foarein. 

FAKTHINO-MAN, FiftDWOMAV, «. A deaignatton 
giren to the DeanqfOuOd. Stat. Olid, 

FABTIOAL, c. A terdingale. MaiOand P.^lt. 
vartugaUt id. 

FA8, «. A knot or bunch. T. Fiasis. 

FAS^ «. Hair. Douglai.—ii. S.feax, id. 

FAS CAST. Scheme, Gl. 0. Fr. faee ia used tvrfaU, 
fKins ; q. a new-nuule derioe. 

Tq FASCH, Fash, «. a. 1. To trouble ; applied to the 
body, S. BaiUie. 2. Denoting what pains the mind. 
BaMU. 3. To molest, in a general sense, S. Ever- 

To Fash omi's Thuxb. To give one^s self trouble, S. 
BcMUoy. The phrase is generally used negatirely ; 
as, *' Fe neednafoA four tkttmb about U /* yon need 
not take the slightest trouble ; j>ertiaps in allusion 
to the use of the thumb in making or oonfliming a 
bargain. T. THUMB*i.iOKuro. 

n> FASCH, «. ft. 1. To take trouble, 8. €faU. S. To 
be weaiy of, S. CkroiHf S P. 8. To intermeddle, so 
as to suli|{ect one's self to trouble, 8. — Jf r. m fcuk-er, 
to griere ; Su. Q. /aoi widen, tangere aliquem, to 

FASCH, Fash, s. 1. Trouble^ S. Bunu. 2. Pains 
taken about any thing, 8. 8. Denoting a trouble- 
some person, 8. 

To Tak tbb Fash. To take the trouble to do any thing, 
8. Coti. of Olehbumie. 

FASHEN, FasHBir, part. jm. of the «. to FoU^, 8. B. 

FASHEOUS, Fabbioub, adj. Tsoublesame. JBaiUU. 

— ft. fatkeux^ foAeuit^ id. 
FASHI0U8NSSS, t. Troublesomeness, 8. 
FASKIDAB, t. The Northern Gull, Larusparasitieus, 

Linn. ; the Samti-aulin of Orkn. 
FAS8B, t. A hair. 8. P. Bepr. 
FAS8IS, «. ji{. Knots ; bunches. InveiUaHa — O. Fr. 

faiait^ bande en g^n^ral, /ai«, a bunch. 
FA8SIT, pari. pa. Knotted. 
FA8S0N, t. 1. Fashion, 8. B. /a»in. CampUvfntS. 

2. The expense of making any article.— Fr. fa^fon 

does not merely denote the form of any thiug, but 

the ** making, irorkmanship," Cotgr. 
FAST, Fassit, part. pa. Cut in facets, little Cues, or 

small angles ; applied to precious stones. Y. Tablkt 

▲ Faob. 
Black Fast axd Tablit. Ornamented with hard black 

enameL— Fr. /ooe/te, petite face, ou superflde d'un 

corps taill^ k plusieurs angles. Diet. Trer. 
FAST, adj. 1. Forward ; prone to rashness of conduct, 

8. 2. Hasty In temper ; irascible, 8. 8. Applied to a 

person already engaged, or a utensil empli^ed for a 

purpose from which It cannot be spared, Aberd. 
FASTA, s. a stone anchor for a boat, Shetl.— Isl. 

faett-a, flrmare, tofoHen. 
FASTA N REID DEARS. Deer of a de^ red colour. 

AeU Jo. VI. 

FASTRINOIS-EWTN, t. The erenlng preceding the 

first day of the Fast of Lent Fa$tem'»-€en, 8. 

SkroveTuetday, E. £ar6oMr.— Belg. Vastenavond, id. 
FAX, t. A cask or barrel. Stair. Suppl, Dec.— A. 8. 

/^ Tss ; Sa. G. /at, ras ciUuscunque generis ; Tout. 

wrt, id. Thfi E. term has been greatly restricted in 

its sense ; being confined to a Tessel that contains 

liqprids fbr fermentation. 

FAT, pron. Pronunciation of Whatf in Angus, Means, 
Aberd. Ac Boa. 

FATOH, «. At (he fait^ tolling ; drudging, Aberd.; 
perhaps oorr. from FaA. 

FATCH-PLEUCH, «. Y. Fotoh-Plkuoh. 

FATET, pm. Acknowledges. Aberd. Jlsa-— From 
fai-toTt Lat. 

FATHER-BETTER, adj. Suipassing one's fkther, 8. 
B. BaiUie.— Ul. foMdrbetrinin't id. 

FATHER-BROTHER, «. A paternal uncle, 8. Skene. 

FATHER-SISTER, «. A paternal aunt. Id. 

FATHEBrWAUB, a4f. Worse than one's father ; fal- 
ling short in goodness, Clydes.; used in opposition to 
Fatker-beUert q. t. 

FATHOLT, «. Aberd. Beg. Probably a denomination 
of wood from some place in Norway ; as koUe denotes 
a small wood. 

FAT-RECKS. Aberd. pron. of Wkat-reckt. Tarrat. 
Y. Raik, Rak, «. Care. 

To FATTER, «. a. To thresh the awns or beards of 
barley, Dumfir.--C. B. /eU, a smart blow ; a stroke ; 
fai'iaiWi to strike lightly ; fatiwr^ one who strikes 
lightiy. 0. Su. G. bai-a, to beat. 

FATTBILS, «. pi. 1. Folds or puckerings, 8. 0. 
Bume. 2. "FoMrels, ribbon-ends," Ac. Ol.Picken.— 
0. Fr. fatraiUe, trumpeiy. 

FAUCH, Faw, Fiwb, at^j. Pale red; fiUlow; dun, 
Aberd. DougUu. — A. 8. fak, fealg, fealh, helrus. 

To FAUCH, Fauoh, v. a. 1. To fallow ground, 8. 
Statist. Aee. 2. To beat. He faught him toeU, 
8. B. Cfl. Shirr.— lA. faag-a, Su. G./ae<-a, puigare. 

FAUCH, Fauoh, a4j. Fallow, not sowed, 8. 

FAUCH, Fadoh, s. 1. A single furrow, from lea, Aug. 
2. The land thus managed, 8. B. Statist. Aoc. 8. 
Applied metaph. to the tearing of one's character to 
pieces ; probably fjrom the rough woric that the ploufl^ 
makes in ground that has been lying in grass, Ang. 

FAUCHENTULIE (fltitt.), t. A contentious aigument, 
Meams. The latter part of the word is undoubtedly 
Tuityie^ a broil or quarrel. Gael, /odkaim, is mat- 
ter, cause ; faekain, fighting. 

To FAUCHENTULIE, «. n. To contend in aigument, 

FAUCHS, t. pi, A dinision of a farm, so called because 
it gets no manuring, but is prepared for a crop by a 
slight fkllowing, S. B. Agr. Surv. Aberd. 

FAUCHT.prrf. Fought V. Fecht. 

FAUCUMTULIES, t. pi. Perquisites due by the 
tenant to the proprietor of land, according to some 
leases ; as fowls, Ac. Ang. 

FAYELLIS, pi. Perhaps, taroxxn. K. Hart, 

FAUGHT, s. Struggle. Y. Fkoht. 

FAULDS, s. pi. A division of a farm, so denominated 
because it is manured by folding Hheep and other 
cattle upon it, 8. B. Agr. Surv. Aberd. 

FAULTOUR, s. A transgressor. Lyndtay. 

FAUSE, adj. False ; the common pron. among the 
Tulgar. S. ; A. Bor. id. Bums. 

FAUSE-FACE, s. A Tisor ; a mask. Bob Boy. 

FAUSE-HOUSE. t. A racancy in a stack for preserr- 
ing com, q. false house. Bums. 

To FAUT, Fawt, v. a. To find fault with ; to accuse ; 
to criminate, Aberd. 

FAU'T, t. NaefauX and It were na fau't ; expres- 
sions strongly indicatire of contempt ; applied to one 
who assumes undue importance, or affects a nicenesa 
or delicacy, which one is supposed to hare no dal* 
to, 8. 

FAUTE, Fadt, Fawt. Want. To haefmii &, ' 

ia,a4J- Qalllf.ciiipiMi!. ArtiJa. I, 

'o behl, B. ns B, «. 

FAW. a4*. Of iW'TK wlonri 

A. S.fat,/ak, venlctilar. 
r» FAW. r^Tt'. a. L Te oMnli 

I HIE'l lOl, S. i'cJIJUlBr £ull 

rAW. Ft', 1. 1. Bbm I q. kHi 

a. In: : shtDC*. 3. Biimi. 
FAW, Fi-,., AAtlLS. 
IV Eaii " 


Tf , 3. B 


FA WELT, odi 

PAWICHIT. pM. Fallowed. V, Ficon, •- 

To FAWITO, r. a. Tg naiBW, y, Fil'Ci, 

FAWN, J. A whlu ipal en iii«>riB)> ind «»■} 

ErauDd, £l(r. Fat — Piriups A. a./«a,/c>w./«m, 

FiX.1. FKi.;ri»»«o. ftJMdia*.— 1.1. /u, ««■?«- 

FAZA.Br, a<U. Diriwdlj; 

11;. Kmnafy.- 

r. Fii, 1, 1. OnlUa Sorftsur. S. Small 

aeiW, BarBoKT. 4. Koarj. fl'snlavn, 
S. Staler .is. S. UernllUiT pin- 
ind. WyBlam. T. HercdHar; meect- 

m Ufenn'l, LL. S. SteH— U./c, Bu. O. 

Tluii laitst iBck, Kblcb, wtiDD tnll, 1i 
:ib>r U dtp bj Die «ni iHUi whiob ihi 
I. aub. ; ippuToUj (be BBie witli Paik, 

> teiihrol adbennt. £al- 
^rti Jo. Vl.-rr. fai. 

TV FKAM, B. H. 1. To 

FBAR, I, A IriKhl. Rdi 
FKAtt,, ., 1. One 

ilt'D, pari, ai), Arnld. a. 

vtUE. adj. Afrtld ; tnrful, BtDnrlii. 
FEARN, I. Out, Boib, V. TmMI. 
FEABSOME. a<4. FrIthltuI : cunlDf tcv. S. 0it]F 

FBARSOUE-LOOXINO, oi^. Oitlog • mgbtMl it|>- 


FEATLEgg, (H(f, FHble. 
FKAtTK. >. A pWd, AbeK 
TVi FSAZK, B. H. , AltoFi 
ni FBBLE, s, 
Tn FEBLia. V, 

FEB&f AH, I. 

•nclmrtj written Fruayh^. nulfyirr. Wattatc. 

To FECnr, D. o. 1. To nght ; pwl, /auctt, /iwdU. 

trinUwi. 3. To tell. 8. Bimt.—A. 6. /HMim, 


eiro^Ip, ofw'liA 

LDDOT, (. 1. Flfhl. e. Dviwlai. S. 

A. S-fmHrre, pHjimaw, 
FBaniE-UHlHtl, i»b-. A amtemptiioiu u 
Jelnliii Ibe Idut nf lulpldlQ. luctlvlt]>, i 

part, S. WaOaet. 

KK. «. a. To ■ 

iqt of Bdlnburgb. 

4 of fometlilDE ''^oduIcDL — This 
a A. a, fta^an. toller^ *' to ake 
beim E./«M; er olIM M/aM, 

u; tlool. JaaMU Brlla. 

Bil). J- Wgdlbr, e. 

FEORFITL. FsDirov. FiDinri 
Ft^fovr-tikf, bavlofr theApp< 
FouuiliifbodilTkbllllj, a. HaviUiim. S. Power- 

FBCET, si^. Qmodr, S. B. Aw. 

FBCKLBBS, sd;. 1, W»k ; applied Id the heij. 8, 

Aw, t. Feeble la mliut. fVlnwrt. 3. Bplrllliu, 

Ang. 4 Not nepscuble ; wonhieK, Loth. Tkt 

Har-it Kit. 
PECKLKESNBea, I. Feeblneu, B. HHUtfard. 
FKCKLY, Ficn.111, nde. 1. PuUj, 3. ITifiin. J. 

Moitl* ; EDoit pin •(, g. Jtiw. 
FECKIJHS, ado. PuUj ; orDearlf ( llke/ndtly, Fifg. 
PoKBrfullf ; «ir»liiillj, B, 

pieage of itimachiai Aath, Ajn. TV Kitltil. 

V. FnDDK (under JVy, ^, M].], wfalob ii nudDuBI- 

nlljr tbe pinper gnhm^phr. 
FBDDBR. I. A frklber, Ab>rd. 
FEDDBRAMB, FtsHW, t. pi. mof- DiMttal.— 

roFKDK.Ka- ToniirlDn. SJrTVM.-^A.B. A<t4n, 

educire . 8ii. Q.J%ai.a, alere- 

Isf the wliola IcBftti ol ■ woodiD bed, tnd died u a 
top Tor jioIbk into bul ; TJfwed u A raft, et/oettanr, 




WEDMXL, WmoMh, Vbmial, «i. 1. fattened ; M for 

tlM mtU or maoL S. Olattoaoiui; UA and lasj, 

Aberd. Banfft. 
FXDMIT, o^f. Glattonoot, Aberd. 
FEDMIT, <. A glatton, ibid.—Dan. fedme, fSfttness, 

eorpnleney ; So. Q.fetma, id. ttomfoedr€r, to fiitten ; 

UL/eOncte, fla meat. 
FXK, ac{;. Predeitijied ; on the reise of death, 8. 

Hm^i CM. V. VsT. 
3b VKB, fxB, «. a. To hire, 8. Knoa. Y. Fa. 
FSKDINO STORM. A lUl of enow, which is on the 

increase, and threatens to lie deep on the groond, 8. 

VSEDOW, f. the name giren by children to the store 

of ciien7'«tooes, from which they ftimUh their 

eaeOet fifpept, Bjmok. PqpfoA, Boxb.— From the 

B. T. to feed ; i. e., to supply stones in place of those 

that are carried off by the Tictor ; for the loser, who 

supplies them, is called the /seder. 
FXEQABDfi, f. y. Flscoasii. 
FKSL, Fbil, adj. Foolish; Aberd. pronvndatlon for 

fuU : Bsed adjecttrely in 8. Skiimer, 8l a fool, id. 
FKBL, ^. Smooth, Ac. Y. Fsil. 
To FEEL, «. a. To smell, 8. Sir J. Sinelair. 
WKSU^ESS, adj. Insensible ; without feeling, Olydes. 

MarmmSdm ef Cifdt, 
FXBNICHIN, (pvM.) a<^. Foppish ; ftntastieal, life ; 

corr. Ihmi M.SMoak. 
7b kmXSkf Fin, v. »., or to Fan Land, «. a. To mark 

sff, by a fUrow on each side, the breadth of ereiy 

ridge when a Add is to be ploughed.^ A. 8. fyr-iem^ 

proecindere aratro, to farrow. With ^iiiz correqKmds 

8a. O./wia, Id., and /bra, a fomnr. 
FEEB roE FEBB. Erery way eqoal, 8. B. Y. Fbeb, 

FURY tf tk$ Fan. Aetire in moving the feet Bat 

it is BBore generally osed ncgotiTely. 
HEBIOHIN, a4j. BnstUng, 8. B. Y. Fiur. 
niRIB, udj, Clerer ; active. Y. Fbet. 
naaJM,adj, Looking weaUy; in a state of bad health, 

fife . Loth. — IsL /or, moxbos epidemical. Y. Fkbt. 
IKERILEB, ode. Cleverly. 
rtSBOCH, FsiBOCH, 9. 1. AbiUty ; activity ; agUity, 

Upp. Clydea. Perhaps from Fire, Fier^ sound, entire, 

if not fhim A. S.feorh, anima, vita, spiritos. 2. Boge, 

Perths. Y. Fianr. 
FUBOOHRIE, «. The lame with FeeroA, 
tUT. Ckan(fe ftmr/eet, L e., change year shoes and 

sftoeklnitB, Aberd. 
FKBTH, FsiTB, 9. A net, ized and stretching into the 

bed of a river, Aberd. StaL Aoc—Uoeo. Q. faUut, 

Kpes ; Dan. vod, a net. 
tBBTS. FU'Ota^4ke-/eet9 ; a designation given to one 

who betmys a genuine spirit of contiadictioa, Teviotd. 

A corr. of TheeU, Y. Taons. 
FXETBIDBS, t. pi. Ropes, used instead of chains, 

which are fixed to the Aamct before, and to the netn^ie- 

irm behind, in ploughing, Berwicks. 
FXST.WA8HIN0, 9. 1. A ceremony performed, often 

vith some ludicrous aocMupaniments, in washing the 

feet of a bride or bridegroom, the night preceding 

marriage. 2. Transferred to the night on which this 

custom is observed, S. 
To rSBZE, «. a. To twist ; to screw, 8. A. DottgUu. 
^ VEBZB ABOOT. 1. To torn roand, 8. 2. To hang 

off tnd on, & B. OriniMr.— Belg. syisa, id. 
T^ flBZE ATT, V. a. To unscrew, 8. 
TBfiizBoa,a.«. Totovew, 8l 

To FEEZE VP, «. a. 1. To flatter, S, 2. To woric up 
into a passion, 8.— flu. G. JUu-a, 

To FEEZE into. " To insinoate into unmerited con- 
fidence or favour." Swro. Nairn, In this sense it 
is sometimes said that one /ees«t himself into the 
good graces of another. 

FEEZ9-NAIL^ t, A screw-nail, Bozb. 

FEFT, part. pa. 1. Legally put in posses si o n , 8. ; 
feqfedf B. Act. Audit.— tt. fi^er, L. B. feqf-artj 
id. 2. Used to denote a prefersble claim ; as, '*a 
fe/t seat," "a /^ place," 8. Any thing indeed U 
said to be f^ which is particularly claimed, or awp- 
posed to be held by right, or in consequence of kmg 
possession ; q. that in which one is as it were seised 
or enfeoffed. 

FEG, Fboo, s. 1. a fig. This is the common pron. 
in 8. Lamont9 Diarf, 2. What is of no value, 8. 
Bum9.—Teni./eioet id., from L*t./c-tic. 

To FEO, V. a, 1. To propel a marble with Uie thumb 
firom ttie curved middle of the forefinger, Olydes. 2. 
FVVi in Ayrs. signifies to knock off a marble that is 
lying beside another.— A. 8. /v-oo, ge-feo-^an^ com- 
ponere, compingere ; as referring to the fittimff or 
disposing of the finger and thumb so as to give the 
proper impetns. 

FBOS^ imtefi. A petty oath used by the vulgar in S., 
viewed as corr. from faitk. Feogin9, id. 8. B. Y. 

FEY, f. Croft or infield land, Oalloway. Evidently 
allied to J^ey, A. Bor. to cleanse, /atvA, 8. — Teut. 
toecrA-en, vegk-en, purgare, teigere ; Su. G. fei^ 
faei^ iMifaegia, QtTm./egen, id. 

FEY, Fn, Fi^, a(^. 1. On the veige of death, 8. 
Watlaee. " There's fey bleed in that Uddle's heed," 
Aberd. 2. Unfortunate; unhappy. Dougtoi. 8. 
A fey pmeUe, a grain of com that has lost Its sub- 
stance, 8. B.— Isl. feig^, 8u. Q, feg^ A. 8. faege, 
moribundus, morti appropinquans ; Belg. veeg^ Fr. 
fio, fatal. 

FEY, 9. 1. A fief held of a superior. J9ar5oMr. 2. 
A kingdom, improperly. WiftUown, 

FEY, t. A foe. MaiOand Poenu. Y. Fa. 

FEID, Fans, «. Enmity ; a quarrel, S. TTaZZace.— 
lal.f aide, fed, 8u. Q.fegd, A. B.faehth, ^.feud. 

FEIDIT, Fkdtt, part. pa. Under enmity from some 
other party ; exposed to hostili^, or the effects of 
hatred. Y. Fiio^ Faoi. « 

FEIDOM, 9. Enmity. Evergreen. 

FEYDOM, 9. The state of being near death, or that 
conduct which Is supposed to Indicate It, 8. 

FEIFTEEN. The Fei/tein. Y. Fimm. 

FEIOH, Fbbch, interj. Fy, & Jtosiiay.— Alem. >|^ 
en, A. 8. Jf -on, odisse. 

FBYK, 9. Bestlessness proceeding from nervous affec- 
tion ; ihtfidgeU. PolwarL Y. Ftkb. 

FEIL, FaxLB, oc^. 1. Soft and smooth like velvet ; 
silky to the touch, Roxb. Domfr. Hogg. 2. Clean ; 
neat; comfortable ; as, **9Lfeil room ;" a clean place 
or apartment, ibid. 8. Comfortable ; in agreeable 
circumstances ; as, one who has thoroughly warmed 
himself after being very cold, says that he is "feil 
now," ibid.— IsL /eU<^r, habills, idoneus. 

FEIL, FiiLX, FsiLL, Fau, a^j. Kany. Barbowr. — 
Isl. A>^ pluralitas ; A. B. feaia, fela, many. 

FEIL. Fbll, Fibl, ado. Yery ; denoting degree, 8. ; 
aSi/eU weiU, very welL Bums. 

To FBILs «. a. To understand. ITaUaee. 

FEII ^ FaiLLi, 9. Knowledge. Jhmbar. 

FEDf, FaxB, t, 1. Foam. 2. Agreatheat dlffkmed 

fam tjvaa. "Wm't nj /M t" " Alu mj' jWl r 
Abcid. ICo M UK liUiioaannlt. jihiua i buithoi 
*r* man rmpbitUnl.— TiuL vol. trnlniu. 

riLL-IILCfOH, I. Tt» Bnail m Lotu eoraleuUtiu, 
sr Blnlr-roDI tnMll, S. 

rvi.Vn, Vitil-uOK, wV. Cnnmely tlek, » u noi 

10 iM ibii ID nit, CirdM-; q- tnoeiua iIdud ■ttb 

■MuHM tlK* tMfiltid bj k bin, 
rilLLILL,!, A ilU 

< ICLUN.uli. TlHdlnlha»Dn>rl.FnUr. WVUn 
BuUmn u *i|ain>1>ui w murkiUr or wsa- 
imm|WPll.S-torr.ol/W ■ml,"'--" " 
ry will. T. riu Wuu. 




7b FEN83 a Cvurt. Y. Fb50B. 
FENT, «. An opening in a sleeve, ahirt, coat, petti- 
coat, tc, S.-'Fr./enle, id. 

FER, a. Preparation. Barbmir. Y. Fatk. 

FEK. adv. Far, Roxb. Douglas. 

Apox Fn. At a distance. Barbour. 

FEBCOST. t. A baric. Skene. V. Farcoot. 

FERD. Fbird, Fktko, adj. Fourth. DougUu.—^n. Q. 
fiarrde, Isl.jSordo, id. 

FERD. ». Force, naillie. Y. Faird. 

FEEDS, t. An army. Sir Gawan.^A. 8./aerdf id. 

FERDELY, adv. Perhaps acUvely. Wallace. 

FEEDER, adv. Farther. DougUu. 

FERDY, Feirdt, adj. Strong; active, S. P. Buckan 
Ihal. — Su. Q./aerdig, paratus. 

FERDINUMAN, «. Y. Farthiko-man. 

FERDLY, adv. Fearfully, Bord. Wallace. 

FERDLIE, adv. Fourthly. Acts Mary. 

FERE, t. A puny or dwarfish person, Aberd. — Allied, 
perhaps, to Gael, fiar, crooked. 

FERE, <idj. Fierce. A'. Quair.—Uil. fenu. 

FERE, t. Appearance ; show. Y. Fair. 

FERE, Feer, s. a companion. Barixmr. In fere^ 
together. Onuyin and Gol. 

YrRRK, Yfbrm. The same. Douglas. — A. S. gefera, 

FERE, Fbr, adj. Entire. HaU and frr, whole and 
entire, S, Barbour.— l^./aer, Su. O. foer, validus. 

FERE or WEIR. Y. Fbir. 

FERETERE. t. A bier. Douglas. 

FERY, Fbirix, Fberib, adj. Yigorous; active, 8. 
Douglas. — Germ. /eri^, expeditus, alacer. 

FERY ALE, Ferialb, Feriall, Feriell, adj. The 
fcame with Feriat ; denoting that which is conse- 
ctated to acts of religion, or at least guarded by a 
protection againgt legal prosecution. — Lat. /eriai-u, 
id. ; synon. with/(Ttaf-u«. 

FERIAT, adj. Feriat times, holidays. AcU Sedl.— 
lAt. ftriati diet, feriat, holidays. 

FERIEFARIE, s. Bustle ; disorder. Y. Fart. 

PERILIE, Fbbrelie. adv. Cleverly, S. Lymls,iy. 

FERINE. « Meal. AfjerdReo.—FT.farine,iii. 

FERINNESS. «. Adhesivenes-s, or conbolidation. Agr. 
Surv. Barffs. 

FERIS, V. n. Becomes. Douglas. Y. Apferis. 

FERYS. *. J I. Marks. Douglas. Y. Fair. 

FERYT, Ferbtit, pret v. Farrowed. Barbour. — Sw. 
faerria, porcellos [nrere. 

FERYT, pret. v. Waxed. Wallace. 

FERITIE, s. Violence. Bp. Forbes. 

FERKI^HIN, *. 1. A crowd; a multitude, Teviotd. 
2. A pretty large quantity, ibid.— Isl. fara, (preL 
frr,) Ire, and koes, congeries ; q. to go into a heap or 
gathering ? 

To FERLV. Fairly, t. n. To wonder. Douglas. 

FERLIE, Fkrelt, Farlie, s. A wonder, S. Douglas. 
— A. S. faerlic, ferlic, repentinu^, also horrendus. 

FERLYFULL. FAiaLxru', adj. 1. SurpriMUg. Bar- 
bour. 2. Filled with wonder or surprise, Buchan. 

FERLYST. Lece Terlysl. Wallace. 

FERLOT. *. The fourth part of a boll. Y. Firlot. 

FERMANCE, *. State of confinement.— Fr. ferm-er, 

to shut, to lock. Y. FiRXAXCB. 

To FERME, V. a. To shut up. Douglas.— Tr. ferm-er. 
To FERME, V. a. To make firm. Douglcu. 
FERME. t. Rent, Fr. Acts Ja. VI. 
FERMELANDE, s. Mainland, terra firma^ asjcontra- 
distingui^ed fhmi iUanda. Ads Ja. IV.— In Sw. 

the mainland la denominated /(Uto landd^ " the fast 

FERMORER, < A farmer. JITnos.— L. B. ,^rmar-iiM. 
PERM, Fkarn, i. Prepared gut, 8. ; tkarm, S. 01. 

FERNY-BUSS, «. A bush of fern. " les either a tod 

ora/em.v-6ius." Prov. 8. B. 
FERN YEAR, Farki-tbir, c. The preceding year, 8. 

L. Hailes. — A. 8. faren^ past ; or Moes G. /atmi, 

FERNYEAR'S TALE. A fabrication. Sir Egeir. 8. 

Femyear*s news, any intelligence that has been 

known long a£^. 
FERNY-niRST, t. A hUl-slde covered with ferns, 

Roxb. Y. Hirst. 
FERNITICKLED, Fairktiokl'o, at^j. Freckled, 8. 

FERNITICKLES, FAnumcKLBS, t. pi. Freckles, 8.— 

Dan. fregnCf id. 
FERN-SEED. To gather the fern-teed^ to render one's 

self invisible by means of this seed, or the mode of 

gathering it, as a charm, 8. Guy Mannering, 
FEROKERLY, adv. For the most part, Orkn. 
FEROW, a<Hj. Not carrying a calf.— Perhaps Ihnn 

A. S.faer, vacuus, cassus, inanis ; void, made void. 

Y. Ferrt Cow. 
FERRARIS, t pi. Bardl ferraris, casks for carrying 

liquids. Barbour,— ¥r. ferriere, a large leathern 

FERREKYN, «. A Axkin. Aberd. Reg. 
FERRELL, t. *« Ane ferreU of tallow." Aberd. Beg, 

Quarter ?— Tent vierdeel, Id. 
To FERRY, V. a. " To farrow ; to bring forth young," 

South of S. Gl. Sibb.— fin. Q.faerr-ja, porcellos pa- 

rere, from farre, verres. 
FERRYAR, Ferrbar, t, A ferryman. .Douglas, 

ActsJa. I. 
FERRICUIE, (gutt.) adj. Strong ; robust, Upp. Qydes. 

— Germ, ferig, expeditus, alacer. Y. Fxbrt, adj. 

and Fbxrochrie. 
FERRY COW. A cow that is not with calf; 8.— Belg. 

vare hoe, a cow that yields no more milk. 
FERS. On fers, perforce. Uenrysone. 
FERSIE, t. The faicy, 8. Ferguson. 
FERTER, s. A fairy, Caithn. 
FERTER-LIKE, adj. Appearing ready for the bier or 

coffin, Aberd. Poems Buchan Dial. Y. Fertour. 
FERTOUR, Fertur, s. A little chest. Bellenden. — 

L. B. feretrum, a sarcophagus, whence O. Fr. fiertre, 

a chest in which relics of saints were kept. 
FERTURE, t. Expl. " wrack and ruin," Strathmore. 

Apparently from a common origin with Futer-like. 
FESART, t. An impudent person. 
To FESH, V. a. To fetch, 8.— Germ. /a«-en, id. 
To FESH, V. n. Ross. Probably for fash ; " Put 

yourself to no more trouble." 
To FE?SIX, r. a. To fasten. Abp. Hamiltoun. 
To FEST, V. a. 1. To fix. Gawan and Gol. 2. To 

confirm by promise or oath. WalUice. — Su. G. 

faesta, to fasten. 
To FESTER, r. a. Apparently to roof. Aberd, Reg. 

- O ¥r.feit-er, couvrir un maison. 
FESTYCOCK, s. New-ground meal made into a ball, 

and baked among the burning seeds in a kiln or 

mill, Strathmore. Corr. from Festyn or Fastyn-coek ; 

q. the cocit eaten at Shrovetide. Y. Fitlk^s Cock. 
To FESTYN, v. a. To bind. The same with E. fasten^ 

used in regard to the legal engagement of one person 

to work under another. Acts Ja. I. 


FES 194 FIC 


FErO. «. A fsart Uov. Hnrns. 

FErif II. f. A Mondinir blov. 

FEl'ii II IN. fo.-:. ^. FoiLch;. Stirilofs. Lanark& 

FKyrNYNO. «. l\Mkflraiatioo. 1|-yi*,Vici».— A. S. FErKK. r Fttrn^ir. T FcL 

.•«Ai«fiMM/. ul I FEW. s. The MB3d Biail< ia tbe ftir by svifl motion, 

rv FEIX'U. r «. Tv make in<>i«;mt:oos in brMthini;. ' S. B. R%J»i. T. «^rHiv. 

sV. .( .N.w t r FEW-ANM'\L. s. Th^: wti:<h is dae by the Bed- 

Fk.r\'U. « r'u- a.— (> «tKl K'rx^ :a»ptTmt:cio «r a (ijioj «irtvi.< -.'f :h.- p cvper^ jf :h-f fr^un-i. N^fore the home 

fvi-^'ji. s ^U" V. **iu»». j was bi!: wtr..r ^a■^h. r.-ir Tik^ Lav. 

r.' rKrvU. r. j r*.. i-uU •.»:.-r«,:w«UT. tft. Rfcm* FEWK. j;. FaI.^w. T Fir.H. 
(^ Vt:rUIK. FhuuxK. r. «. T^> :)v. Abenl. jt^iii.-** FEW-IERVE. «. The i:i^ or a:i33i1 rent p^'J to a 
FK-rUlK I OK A Ux'^ «h:vh hAS «hji: :s call«ti a ^Jpvr-.Y ^l !i:i Tx>^aL f:r ^* :■•= r^ of UzUi. 

•'•f.\ •*i.r%*j. FKU.rEl&M' cLiLSl. «. 0:i* wio i-a* a prvf««nj [n 

K^^nU'K s. V (vivVitt. V F'TM'Vv. la=-K «i..\<c: u x »s;<r.or. :a xctLzL^aa ot ceztain 

I J VEl'\l. c. % r.» ,"o.'.\ oio4clT. ITjicvii.— . *.'-*-c? ,'f r.-u:. 5i-«. 

VVrv'lJs I,. N.a;. :rrM «Wti:»-jt. FEW>. F :i-^ F.^s F • -i. J. 9». H«a*ri«k, S. 

ySlTi:. *^* •■♦•.«. *. t E^.'-^i iv«vr. 5. B. " H#r Sxy-'^Txa z-.-r-.jnsx. l^z^i. A .raakrkkHB ^f the 

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ai.'iiil ,-»K-it-.ji xmxi .u a xvt'C ■^■nx". H.»\'?. — 1>.. lotc^-;. .-■ai7ftha> :uoa%r'3.r:rT. 

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7ICKLB-PINS, i. pi. k game, in which a number of 
ringt are taken otf a doable wire united at both ends, 
Perthi. KinroMi. 

FICKLT, a4j. Ponling, Loth. 

FICKS, t. A tUaease of sheep, S.— Perhaps the same 
vith the Fjfket, and of Tent, origin ; Fyck-en^ fricare, 
to mb, to sciatch, /ycfe, a boll, an inflamed tubercle. 
V. Fios. 

2b FID, V. a. To more up and down, or from side to 
aide, Boxb. Used to denote the motion of the tail of 
hares and other animals. A. ScoU.—lA. fett-a^ re- 
trorsmn flectere. 

FIDDEB, t. A multitude. Buret. V. Fcddbk. 

3\> FIDDEB, V. n. To malce a motion similar to that 
of a hawk, when he wishes to be stationary o?er a 
place ; or like that of a bird in her nest oyer her 
young, Dnmfr. — Perhaps from Teut. veder-en, plum- 
are, plumas emittere, or Isl. fidr-a^ leviter tangere. 

To FIDDLE, e. n. To trilBe, though apparently busy, S. 
— Isl. Jitf-o, leviter attlngere 

• FIDDLE, t. To Jlndafiddle, Kpplitdia the Aniing 
of a child dropped by the gypries. Koit. 

FIDDLE-FYKE, f. 1. Troublesome peculiarity of 

oondnct, Perths. 2. A complete trifler, Strathmore. 

Compounded of the E. v. to Fiddle^ nugare, and 8. 

Fjfkt, q. T. 
FIDDLB-MA-FTKE, t. A silly, punctilious person, 

concerned about mere trifles, Boxb. 
FIDB-JUSSOB, «. A sponsor or surety; a term 

borr o wed from the Boman law. 

* lb FIDOE, «. ». To be restless or fidgety in any 

FIDGE, t. The aet of fldglng or fidgeting. 8. It does 
not appear that the s. is used in £. Haeaulay's 

FIDBINO, t. Confoderatioa. Bwrtl, 

FIB, «. Sheep. T. Fi. 

FIB, wij. Predestinated. Y. Cc8«ok, and Fit. 

FTB, adj. On the reige of death, & Abenl. Also 

used as a t. Stat. Ace. V. Frr. 
FIE^AE-TO, «. Much ado ; a great bustie. Fie 

make haste, Boxb. Hoqg. 
FTE-HA8TE, t. A great hurry ; used ludicrously, 

Upp. Clydes. 
FIBL. Bwrm. V, Fkil.' adj. 
To FIBLD, 9. a. To sink a margin round a panel of 

wood, 8. 
FXELDIMO-PLANB, r. The pUne used in fidding, 

i. t. in rioking the margin round a panel, 8. 
FIELD-MAN, «. A peasant ; a boor. BalJ. Prael.— 

Qtrm. /ddmomt id. 
FIELDWABT. Afiddwari, from home ; abroad, 8. 
Ron. AMld is used by B. writers ; a/Uldwart is, 
littfally, ** towards the field," or in a course the con- 
trary of homeoranl. 
FTELL^ Rv^L, $. A round, ranlted tower. Police 

Hon. — Lat. Pkalae, towers of an oval form. 
FIENDIN, f. The devil, 8heU.~Su. G. fiamden, 

cacodaembo. Y. Fimtiif. 
FIEXT, «. Corr. from fiend, 8. Used, perhaps, by 
some who are not aware that it is, in fact, an invoca- 
tion of the devil's name ; as, Fient a bit, never a bit ; 
Fiont *tf O, not a whit, Ac. JSest. Niths. Song. 
To FIEB, e. ». To mark out ridges with a plough. 

V. Fbbe, v. 
FIBB, Fin, 9. A standard of any kind. Yam is 
said to be spun 6y, i. e. past or beyond, the fier, 
when It is drawn smaller than the proper thickness. 
It is also applied to a veiy tall person who has not 

thickness proportioned to his height, Boxb. Ap- 
parentiy from the same origin with Fiart. 
FIEB, $. 8ound; healthy. A. Douglcu. Y. FsEi, FsK. 
FIEBCELING8, adj. Yiolent, 8. B. Boa. 
FIEBCELINGS, adv. YiolenUy, 8. B. Ron. 
FIEBD, t. A ford, Aberd. Tarrcu.— flu. E. fiaerd, 

fretum, a firth ; A. 8 ford^ vadum. 
FIEBY, t. 1. BusUe ; confusion, 8. 2. Bage ; pron. 

jlerochj furochy Porths. — 8u. G. fir-Ot to celebrate. 
FIEBIE-TANGS, $. pi. A name, in Angus, for the 

crab and lobster. 
FIEBY-FABY, «. 1. Bustie, 8. Lyndiay. 2. Show ; 

pretended bustle. BaiUie. 
FIEB3DAY, $. Thursday, Aberd. 
FIESE WILK. Striated wilk. SibbakL Y. Fiiu. 
FIEYAU8, ad^j. Powerless, Sheti. 
FIFI8H, a4j. Somewhat dersnged. Loth. TkePiraU. 
FIFISIINESS, t. The state of being in some degree 
deranged, ibid. The term, it is said, had its origin 
f^om a number of the principal families in the county 
of Fife having at least a 6e« in their bomuL 
FIFT. Houlate. hegeinfiet. 
FIFTEEN, FaimiH. The Fyfetoen. 1. A vulgai 
designation for the Court of Session, as formerly con- 
sisting of Fifteen Judge^ 8. Waverley. 2. Used 
also to distinguish the Bebelllon, a. d. 1715, ibid. 
Called also Shirro^muir, and ifor't Tear, q. v. 
FY-GAE-BY, «. A ludicrous designation for the 

diarrhoea, 8. 
FIG-FAG, «. The tendon of the neck of cattie or sheep, 

8. A. Y. Fix-Fax. B. Pa/okwa*. 
FIGGLE-FAGGLB, «. 1. Silly or trifling conduct, 
Ayrs. 2. Applied to conduct which is ludicrous or 
unbecoming, ibid. — Evidently a modification of Fiek- 
fada, if not from A. 8. ficol, inconstant. 
FIGGLE-FAGGLBB) «. One who destroys good morals, 

FIGGLELIGEE {g hard), adj. Finical ; foppish ; 

ostentatiously polite, Aberd. 
FIGMALIBIE, t. A whim. BamMay. Appaivntiy 

the same with WkigmaUerie, q. v. 
To FIKE, Ftkb, Fkik, v. n. 1. To be in a restiess 
state, without change of place, 8. CMand. 2. To 
move from place to place unsteadily, 8. Buret. 3. 
To be at trouble about any thing, 8. Guy Mannering. 
4. To dally with- a female ; but not as necessarily 
including the idea of indelicacy of conduct ; to flirt, 
Aberd. Tarrat. 6. As connected with fling, it 
s<»netimes denotes themotion of the body in dancing. 
6. Tofike on, to trifle ; to dally about a business ; to 
lose time by procrastination while ap)iearing to be 
busy, 8. Boa. Su. G. fik-a, cursitare, fiaek-a^ 
hunc illuc vagari. 
To Max a Frxi. To make a mighty fuss ; to show 
every possible attention ; the prep. ufUk^ or aJbo^^ 
being frequently coQJoined, 8. Bou. 
To FIKE, Paix, v. a. 1. To vex ; to perplex, 8. 2. 
To do any thing in a diligent but piddling way, 8. 
KfUy. 3. Expl. to shrug. Gl. Skinner's Pnems. 
FIKE, Ftkk, t. 1. Bustle about what is trifling, 8. 
Hamilton. 2. Any trifling peculiarity in acting, 
which causes trouble ; teasing exactness of opera- 
tion, S. "I dinna fash wi' sae mouj fykes." Cottag. 
of Glenbumie. 3. Bestiesi>ness, from whatever 
cause. Bamsay. 4. A restiess motion ; synorL 
with jidoe, 8. Macaulay's Poems. 6. Flirution; 
as, '* He held a great >Eilee wi' her," 8. 6. Such a de- 
gree of intimacy as suggests the idea of attachment, 
or of courtship, Aberd. Cock's Simple Strains. 




FIKE, 4. Bnrat leather, Soath of S. 

rVKB, i. The Medusa's head, a fikh, Bochan. Pro- 
bably denominated from the pain caused by touching 
this flsh. 

FIKEFACKS, t. pi. 1. Minute pieces of work, causing 
considerable trouble, 8. 2. Little troublesome pe- 
culiarities of temper, S.^Teut. fick/aek-tHt agitate, 
fact! tare. 

FIKE-BIY-FACK9, s. pi. Used in Loth. In the sao^e 
sense with Fick-fack*. q. t. 

FYKERIE, FiKKRY, t. Minute exactness ; petty 
trouble about trifles, Ayrs. Oalt. 

FIKUS, FiKT, (u^*. 1. Minutely troublesome, 8. 2. 
La a restless or unsettled state, like one still fidgeting, 
S. Gait. 

FIK-MA-FYKE, «. A siUy, nnsetUed, troublesome 
creature ; one busied with nonentities, Fife. 

FILBOW, «. A thwack ; a thump, Aberd. 

FILCH ANS, «. jpl. Bags patched or fkstened together, 

To FYLE, FiLK. r. a. 1. To defile, S. Doiugltu. 2. 
To diffuse contagion. AcU. Ja. II. 3. To sully ; 
used in a moral sense. DamoUu. 4. To accuse ; a 
law term. F%mfUainkall. 6. To pronounce guilty, 
S. Reg. Maj.—A. 8. oe-fyl-an, to defile. 

To FYLE tke finoert. To meddle in any business thet 
is Tiewed as debasing, whether in a phy:iical or moral 
sense i as, " I wodna/yle My JiMgert .mi%*' 8. 

FYLE, t. A fowl. HoulaU 

FILIBFX}, Phiubeq, Fkil-B£0, t. A piece of dress 
worn by men, in the Highlands, instead of breeches, 
8. ^nnocK.— Gael. JUloaJk-beg, JUUadk, fold, and 
6c9, little. 

FILL, pirp. From, Oikn. Qiven also as an adv. 
aiguifytug tinor, and till. Ibid. This seems merely 
a Ticiotti pronunciation of the same word which in S. 
si^ifies until. • Q^iU^ like the usual substitution 
of / for mA, in some of our northern counties. V. 


FILL. «. Full. 8. K. Quair.—Sn. Q.fylU. 

FILL AXD FETCH MAIB. A proverbial i>hrase de- 

uotin;; notour prodigality, 8. iZs6 Kojf. 
FILLAT, FiiXKT, «. The flank. DoM(fUu.—Vr. A'rt, 

FILLER, «. The ooly term osed for a funnel, 8. Sir 

J. Sinciair. 
FILLIE. $. That part of a wheel on which the Iron 

ring is laid when s&od, Roxb. Gunnis FUiies. /«- 

«yii,'oriet.— £./ei{or or /Uiy. Teat ttlgke^ modiolui 

FILLISTER, s. The plane used for gtatt<k<Mcking 

wiudows, i. e. for making the outer part of a sash flt 

for rviviving the glass. Loth. South of 8. Pron. q. 

FILU)K. FiLLT. «. 1. A yoong mare, S. 2. A giddy 

voung woman. Doug{€U. 3. FMf. a frothy yauu< 

man. BaHmatyme P.— IsL /otija, fern, oijit, puUus 


FILP. *. A f»ll off one's feet. Domfr.— Teui. *a.'*<, 

.rf^-.v,-, alapa. coUphoSw This u probdt4y the otigm 

«.>{■ IL.ji'iip. 
Kll^ll. t A thump ; a blow, Aberd. 
FlU'k'll. a*y- Empty ; fisinL Loitu 
k I U5<' 11. *. We«dA or gt»s» coTeiing the r'l'i^a*^* S. B. 

— ^u ii.fel-a, JiatHU to coTef. ; 

FIL?CH Y. a4j. Applied to a sbraf whea swelled up | 

with w«<ds or natonl grass^ & B. 
FILTER, s. A fiinlc in wcaTing; FifSr. 
7. FILTER, •. •. To w»re av piect of dotk In a 

faulty way, ibid.— Tent. Jielt, homo tnrplg, aordidns- 

fielterye, ncquitia, spurcitla. 
FIN', «. 1. Humour; mood; temper; disposition; 

as, " in thejSa' of singin," in the humour of singing, 

Aberd. Qu. if corr. from E. vein, id. ? 2. A state 

of or of eager desire ; as, '* He was in a 

fin* about winnin awa," he was very desirous to get 

away, ibid. 3. Anger ; as, " To be in a gey.^i*'.'* 
FIN, «. Humour ; q./un. Gl. Shirr. 
FINANCE. To make Finance. 1. To raise or collect 

money. Act. Dom. Cone. 2. To make a compoai- 

tion in the way of paying money, ibid. 
FINANCE, *. Fineness. AcU. Ja. IF. 
To FfND, v.a. 1. To feel, 8. Banuay. 2. To 

grope ; to grubble, S. 3. To perceive by the taste, S. 
FINDY. adj. Full ; substantial ; q. what findt, or 

supports. Kelly. 
FINDLE, s. 1. Any Uiing found, S. S. The act of 

finding. S, B.— A. S./ynJde, adinventio. 
FINDON-UADDOCK. A species of peat-smoke-dried 

haddock, $. The name is always pronounced q. 

Finnin. Hist. Aberd. 
FINDSILY, ai\j. Apt to find. Kelly. ^k. 8. find-an 

and saelig, felix. 
FYNE, g. End. PitseoUie.—Vr. fin, id. 
To FINE. Fysi, v. n. To make an end. Wyntown. 
7*0 FINEEK, r. a. To voneer, S. 
FINGER-FED, adj. Delicately brought up ; pampered, 

S. A. 
FINGERIN. t. Worsted spun of combed wool, on the 

small wheel, 8. Colvil. 
FINGU0M3, t. pi. Woollen cloth, denominated, as 

would seem, from the quality of the worsted, Aberd. 

Statist. Ace. 
FINGTED, s. A term applied to a sore finger bamlaecd 

or tied up, Teviotd. Viewed as a very old word. 

Peiiiaps corr. from finger-tied. 
JYS\' ST t part. pa. Bouniled. Douglas. 
FYNKLE, *. Fennel. ^'. P. Eepr—Lat.foenicul-um. 
FINNACK, Fixxoc, Fi.n.vsr. A white trout, S. B. 

Statist. Ace. — Gael. /«rjn ««•{;. id. 
FINNER, *. A ^p«ics oT whale. Stat. Joe. 
FINN IE, «. A salmon not a yoar oM. S. B. 
FIXNIX. *. A fiend. Aug. PiucoUie.^iix. Q./anen, 

fiandfH. / tmlen, cacodaoiuou. 
FINNISON. *. Anxious expectatlfm, Fife. — Teut. 

vinnigk. acer, veheuiviis. 
FINTV.H.'K, f. The cJou-lberry. or knrvmberry. Rubus 

chamaemorus, Linn, otherwise called Ar^rin. Perth*. 

— This is evidently from G^l. fim .'ist*. id. 
FINTRUMSPELDIN, *. A »auul dried hiiiock. S. 

.!six '1 •Ltd Gael. 
FINZACH. *. Knot-gTa»«, Poljironuni aviculiire. 

Surv. B%Hjfs. 
Tj FIPPIL. r. n. To whimr-r : to whine ; to act in 

an unmanly mauntr. /V.'u iV'iy. 
FIPPILLLJ. Jdaifj.-i-i P-^ms —U\. .i/.j. sttrectare. 
FIPPLE, «. The under lip. V. Fi-.tlk. 
FIR, F:a-CAXPLE. «. A splinter from a moa-fif^m 

fir tree. u«d jl* a li^ht, Alxrd. Alio called CaaX'e- 

fir. <. HV Ji<j:ti.:. 
FIR. a.ic. Far. Gj^ctn an I '7..i. 
T* FIRE c. a. To bake biv:* I. S. J. .Yi.-,,;. 
• To FIGLE. r. a. 1. To tixtst : as. J^f • r.- -.St m^ firtd 

yet. S. 2. To scoreh by hsx w;u U or l»^iiuilnrf ; 

applied to grascN pmin. or fo: ice, S 
FIRE. If the fire h^piKUi to d.e w-i: Ln any h-»ase, on 

the last uight of th# year, th.* ^n U^»t.->a fwr a ligkt 




•r kiodllng, to anj sapentlUons neighbour, would be 
iU recdved, as indicating lome evil design towards 
the family, or a wish that some misfortune might 
befial them, S. B. 

VTRE CBOCE, Vikbt Caoss. The signal sent from 
place to place, a? expressive of the Summons given 
by a chief, or sovereign, to his vassals or sulijects, to 
repair in arms, within a limited time, to the place of 
rendesvons appointed. Reg. Privy Seal. V. 

FIREf ANG. Having the quality of a dunghill Im- 
pidred by too high a degree of the fermenting heat 
Gl. Sunt. Nairn. 

FIREFANQIN, t. Iiguiy produced by fermentation 
in a cheese, S. 0. 

FYREFANGIT, part. pa. 1. Laid hold of by fire. 
Douglas. 2. Applied to cheese Trht>n swelled and 
cracked, fh>m being exposed to too much heat l>efore 
it haA been dried, S. 

FIREFANG ITNESS, «. State of being /r^/atiired, S. 0. 

fIREFLAUCIIT, Ftiesij^uciit, s. Ligljtnin?, S. 
DouploM. — Teot. rier, ignis, and oZodr-en, spargere 
flammam. rierMlaen, excutere ignem. 

FIRE-KINDLING, t. An entertaiument which a per- 
son, on changing his place of residence, gives to his 
new neighl>ours, Aberd. Synon. Jlouit-heating. 

FTRE-LBVIN, t. Liphtning, Teviotd. 

F I BE or STANES. To big afirt of ztana, is to make 
a pile of stones on the hearth, in form resembling a 
fire, which is sometimes left in tlie desolate house by 
a removing tenant, for the purpose of ensuring tl< Iwek 
to the family that succeeds them; C8|it'cially if the new 
comers have taken the house or farm o'er their head*, 

FYRE-PIKIS, f . pi. Apparently lances used for setting 
fire to the advanced works of besiegers. Inventorirs. 

FIR-FUTTLE, t. A birge knife used for splitUng 
candle-fir, A1>erd. Corr. from Whittle. 

FIRING-STICK, t. Used to denote candle-fir, or that 
wood which, being easily kindled, is used as touch- 
wood, Abenl. 

FIRYOWE, *. The cone of the flr or pine, Meams. 

FYRIT, jwrt. t>. Perhaps dragged. Bell^nden. 

To FIRK, V. a. To pilfer ?— Isl. fiaerk-^ long^ remov- 
ere, Verel. 

To FIRL com. To measure it, Roxb. 

To FIRL, V. n. Unexplained. 

FIRLOT, Ftblot. Fcrlet, t. 1. The fourth part of a 
boll of com, 8. Acts Jo. I. 2. The quantity of 
grain, flour, kc. contained in a measure of this des 
cription, 8. — A. S./eorth, and lot^ quarta portio. 

FIRMANCE, *. Stability.— Fr. fermance, id. 

FIRMANCE, M. State of confinement. Keith's Hist. 
— Fr. ferm-er, to shut, to lock. 

FIRNACKIT, f. A fillip, Aberd. Penty, synon. 8.— 
Perhaps from Isl. fioer, vigor, and Su. G. knaek-a, 
tn strike fimartly. 

FIRNDAILL, Feirindkll, «. A quarter.— Belg. tteren- 
drel, a fourth |iart. 

FIRNIE, s. A quarrel ; a broil, Fife.— A. S. fim, 
/iren, peccatom. 

To FIRPLE, V. w. To whimper, Roxb. 

FIRRIN. <idj. Of or belonging to flr or the pine tree. 

Inventories. V. Fierox. 
FIRRYSTOICH, t. A bustle ; a tumult; also expl. a 

broil ; a fight, Ayrs. 
FIRRON, Farrbn, adj. Belonging to the flr. Douglas. 
FIRSTIN, adj. First. Poems 16 A Cent. 
FIRTH, t. 1. An estnary, 8. BeUenden. 2. A bay. 

Douglas.^^a. G. jiaerdt Isl. fimfrd-r^ fretom ; E. 

FIRTH, Ftbth, s. A sheltered place ; an enclosure. 
Oayoan and Ool.—K, S.frith-ian, tueri, prot^ere. 

FISH AN' SAUCE. Fresh haddocks cooked in sauce, 
Morays. Syn. Fresh fish, Meams. 

FISCUG ARTUE, s. A wear for catching and retaining 
fish. AeU Ja. ///.— Su. G. fisk-gaerd, id. V. Yaib. 

FISH-CARLE, s. A fisherman, 8. B. Tarras. 

FI8H-CURRIE, s. Any deep hole or secret recess, in 
a river, in which the fishes hide themselves ; often 
by itself, Curriet Perths.— Gael, corr and curr, and 
C. B. aor, a comer, a nook. 

FISH-GOURIES ; «. pi. Garbage of fish, Meams. 

FISHICK, «. The Brown Whistle-fish. Barry's Orkn. 
A dimin. from fi^ because of the smallness of the sise. 

FISHING-WAND, s. A fishing-rod, 8. Waverley. 

FYSIGUNKUS, s. XxpL " a man devoid of curiosity," 

FI8SENLES8, a4j. Destitute of substance, or pith, 8. 
V. FuisoN. 

To FI8SLE, V. n. 1. To make a slight continued 
noise ; to rustle, 8. Antiquary. 2. To make a 
rustling noise, as the wind when it shakes the leaves 
of trees, 8. GcUt. 8. Used to denote the noise 
made by the wind in the key-hole, Ayrs.— Teut. 
futsel-en, agitare, or Isl.^s-o, sufflare, ventilare. 

FISSLE, FiSTLB, s. Bustle ; fuss, 8. Ross. 

FISTAND, part. pr. Breaking wind backward with- 
out noise. Lyndsay. — Dan./yst-en, Isl./ys-o, pedere. 

FIT, t. Used as synon. with custom. *' Fits and 
customs of the Border." Stair Suppl. Dee. 

To FIT, V. n. To kick, Roxb. The £. v. to foot is 
used in the same sense. 

To FIT the Floor. To dance. To has a gueed fit on 
I the floor, to dance well, Aberd. 

FIT, *. Foot, 8. Fergtuon. 

PiBST-riT or Foot, s. The name given, in the calendar 
of superstition, to the person who first enters a house 
on any day which is particulariy regarded as influenc- 
ing the fate of a family, S. J. Nicoi. 

To Ttkb okk'8 Fit. To slip ; as, / tint thefil, or tint 
my fit, S. B. Skinner. 

Tax up tour Fit. Begone. 

A Gitdb Fit ; as, " He has a gude fit,'* he walks at a 
round paee, 8. 

A Lowss Fit ; as, " Her fit was louss [loose]," she was 
at liberty ; she was her own mistress, S. 

FiT-roR-FiT, adv. With the greatest exactness ; as, 
♦• I foUowed him fit for fit.** 

To OIK okb vp his Fit. To mte one. 

To pit im a Fit. To walk quickly ; as, " She pits in a 
fit now," she walks more quickly, Dumfr. 

Upom tbk Fit. 1. To sell grain upon the fit, to sell it 
along with the straw before it is thrashed off. Agr. 
Sttrv. Stirlings. 2. Convalescent, with again. 

To FITCH, V. a. 1. To move any thing a little way 
from its former place ; to fitch a mar<^-stane, to make 
a slight change in the situation of a landmark, Lan- 
orks. 2. To lift and lay down again ; to touch a 
thing frequently, ibid. 

To FITCH, V. n. I. To move by slowsuccussations, S. 
E. to hitch. 2. To move at the game of draughtn, 
Upp. Clydes.— Teut. teijck-en, cedere, abscederc. 
FITCH, s. A move at draughts, ibid. 
FIT-FALL, t. A grown-up lamb, Roxb. 
FIT-FEAL, s. The skin of a lamb between the time of 
castration and that of being weaned, Roxb. Feal 
would seem to be the aune with/eU, a skin. 




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Oallovaj. David. Secu.^VtiB, vkuek, So. G. flake, 
cra^ft,yKael-a; Teut. vUeht-en, nectere. 
FLAIK, a. A aqoare plaid. V. Flack. 

FIjAIK-STAND, s. The cooling Teasel through which 
the pipes pass in distilliDg : a refrigerator, Aberd. 

FLAIN, Flaub, t. An arrow. D<mglai.—A. 8 Jtane^ id. 

FLAIP, Flbp, Flips, «. 1. An unbroken fall ; some- 
times conreying the idea of one falling flat on the 
ground, and also of the ground being moist or soft, 
Roxb. Hoffff. 2. A blow caused by a fall, and pro- 
ducing a dull, flat sound, Selkirks. Flaip seems 
merely a rariation of S. flap, as expressing the 
stroke receired in a fall. 

FLAIPEB, s. A very serere fall. 

FLAIR, «. The skate ; a fish. SObald. 

To FLAIRT, «. a. To cajole. T. Flaks. 

FLATT, pret. Scolded. Y. Flytb, v. 

FLAIT, prei. of the v. to Flit. To transport in what- 
erer way, 8, B. Tarras. 

To FLAITHSR, «. n. To use wheedling language, 
Pertbs. y. FLRBBm, «. 

FLAKET, i. Apparently a small flagon. — Fr. flatqu^, 
a small flask ; G. B. flacced, lagena, uter, obba, am- 
pulla, y. Flacat. 

FLALANI>-GLAITH, AcU Jo. V, Y. Drawakis op 

FLAM, i. A sudden pulT of wind, Aug. — A. S.>leam, 

To FLAM, V. ft. To fly out and in, 8. B. Y. Flbx. 

To FLAMB, Flaxb, Flamx, v. a. 1 To baste meat 
while roasting, 8. Dunbar, 2. To besmear one's 
self with the food which one is eating, Clydes. — Fr. 
flambeTt id. 

FLAMFOO, 9. 1. Any gaudy trapping in female dress, 
Ayrs. 2. A gaudily-dressed female ; one whose 
chief pleasure consists in dress, ibid.— This term 
seems to be the same with 0. E. Flame/tw, " the 
moonshine in the water," Barrett's AJyearie. 

FLAMP, a4j. Inactive ; in a sUte of lassitude, Orkn. 
Domltst, synon. 

FLAN, Flabb, t. 1. A gust of wind, 8. Brand. 2. 
Smoke driven down the chimney by a gust of wind ; 
as, ** A flan o* reek," 8. B. The use of the word Flan 
in Shetl. clearly shows that it is of Northern origin. 
Isl.^fona, praeceps ferri. 

To FLAN, Flank, «. n. To come in gusts ; applied to 
the wind ; as, " the wind'syianntn down the lum," S 

FLAN, adv. Expl. " fiat ; not very hollow," Roxb — 
This might seem to have a common origin with Lat. 
jjlan-vt Armor, tplan is used in the same sense. 

FLANDERKIN, «. A native of Flanders ; a Fleming. 
Jacobite Bdia. — ^From Germ. Flandem, Flanders, 
and kind, a child. 

PLANE, s. An arrow. Y. Plain. 

FLANNEN, 9. The name invariably given by the vul- 
gar to flannel, 8. Bums. 

FLANNEN. a4j. Of or belonging to flannel ; as, a 
flannen aark, a shirt made of flannel, S. — Sw. flanell, 
Bflg. flannel, Fr. flanelle. 

To FLANSU, V. a. To flatter ; to wheedle, Moray.— 
Ifi.fl^na-a, lambere, lingere. 

To PLANTER. 1. To waver ; to be in some degree 
delirious, Aog. 2. To falter in evidence or narra- 
tion. Aug. 3. To quiver, as denoting a state of tre- 
mulou't agitation, Ang. Rou. — Isl. fl/iTU, erroneus, 
praeceps, fat una. 

FLAP of a coal, t. The lap, 8. — E. flap originally de- 
ooteB any thing pendulous; Su. G. flaU>et labium 

To FLAP, V. a. To turn inside oat, Aberd. Synon. 

with Flipe. 
To FLARE, «. a. To cajole, Loth.;>Ia»ry, Fife.— IsL 

flaar, crafty, flaerd, guile. 
FLARE, t. Flattering language. Loth. 
FLASCHAR, 9. A butcher. Y. Flbshkb. 
FLA8CHE, t. Flesh. Complaynt S. 
FLASH, s. A depository for timber. Loth. 
FLASK, t. A frame for a piece of ordnance. AcUJa. 

VI.— Vt. fiatque signifies the carriage of a piece of 

ordnance, also the frame on which it lies, Cotgr. 
To FLAST, V. n. To gasconade, S. — Isl.^ku-a, praeceps 

To FLAT, V. a. To flatter. DougUu.—Vr.flat-erf id. 
FLAT, t. A fleld. Douglat. 
FLAT, s. Floor of a house. Y, Flbt. 
FLAT o/akotue^ », A single floor. 8. 
FLAT, 9. A cake of cow-dung, Roxb. Apparently 

from its>!af form. Y. Cow-plat. 
To FLATCH, v. a. To fold down, Loth. 
PLATE, pret. Scolded, 8. Picken. Y. Vim, 
PLATE, t. A hurdle. Y. Flaik. 
FLATLYNTS, Flatlinos, adv. Flat. Barbour. 
FLAT-SOLED, o/d^. Having no arch or spring in the 

foot, 8. 
To FLAUCH, V. a. 1. To strip ofl" the skin. Fldudtt, 

skinned, Fife. 2. To pare, ibid.— Teut vUiegh-enf 

deglubere, pellem detrahere. 
FLAUCH, t. A hide or skin, Fife. 
FLAUCH o* land. A division of land, Fife. Flaueht, 

synon. Angus. — This has been expl. as equivalent 

to a hide of land ; but, perhaps, it is rather allied to 

Su. G.flaeck-a, flndere, partiri. 
FLAUCHT, 9. A considerable number of birds on 

wing ; a flight, Clydes. 
FLAUCHT, FLADOHTBa, Flauohiv, 9. A flake, 8. 

Flaffin is used as well as flattch-in, Fife ; flichin or 

flighin, Loth. A. Scott.— Sa. G. tno^/Io^e, a flake of 

FLAUCHT, Flauoht, s. A handful, S. B. R099. 
FLAUCHT of land. A croft, Ang. 
FLAUCHTBRED. adv. 1. At full length, 8. Q. 

spread out in breadth. Bou. 2. With great eager- 
ness, S. B099. — Su. G. flaeekt, spread. 
To FLAUCHT, v. a. To FlaudU woo ; to card wool 

into thin flakes, Perths. Roxb. 
FLAUCHTER, 9. A skinner, Fife. 
FLAUCHTER, 9. A person employed in carding 

wool. South of 8. 
To FLAUCHTER, v. a. To pare turf from the ground, 

8. B. V. Flag, 9. 1. Ol. Shir. 
FLAUCHTER, Flauohtbb, t. A man who casts turfs 

witli a Flauichter spade, Roxb. 
FLAUCHTER-FAIL, 9. A long turf cut with a 

flauchter-spade, 8. Gl. Sibb. 
FLAUCHTER-SPADE, 8. A loDg two-handed instru- 
ment for casting turfs, 8. Statist Aoc. 
FLAUCHTS, s. pi. Instruments used in preparing 

wool, Roxb. 
FLAYER, s. Gray-bearded oats, Avena fatua, Linn. 

Apr. Surv. Dumfr. 
FLAUOHT 0* FIRE. A flash of lightning, Ayrs. 

Blackto. May, Y. FiutrLAUOHT. 
FLAUGHT, adv. With great eagerness ; q. with the 

wings fully spread, Ayrs. 
FLAUGHT, s. 1. Flutter, like that of a fowl, Ayrs. 

Gait. 2. Bustle; hurried and confused exertion, 

ATrs. ibid. 
To FLAUGHTER, v. n. 1. To flutter, GaUoway. 2. 




To ahiae fitftdly ; to flicker, Sooth of 8. Aniiquanf. 

— Teut. vlaQgker-ent flaggcr-tt^ rolitftre ; Su Q. 

ficuektrOy motitarJB. kA this, and other words of % simi- 

Ur form, such a8E./l»dter, Ac. sogfrest the idea of the 

motion of vings, they mem all dedocible from the 

Tarious verbs denoting flight; aa, Teat, vliea-en, 

A. 8.^o0Nxn, So. 0.>fya-a, Ac. T(^re. 
FLAUOUTER, «. A flattering moUoo, GaUoway; 

FLaffer, synon. David$on. 
FLAUGHTERIN', «. A light shining fltfaUy ; flicker- 
ing, South of 8. 01. Antiq. 
FLAUNTY, adj. Capricious ; unsteady ; eccentric, 

Ayrs. Oali.—IA. fian-c^ juraeceps mere, ferri ; >lan, 

FLAUR, t. A rtrong smell, Upp. Clydes. ;• merely a 

corr. of E. flavour. 
FLAURIB, «. A driitle, Clydes. ; synon. Drow.— 

Teut. vlatoke^ nimbus. 
FLAW, «. 1. A blast of wind. DougUu. 2. A storm 

of snow ; fiawt, snow flakes, Ang. StatUt. Ace. 3. 

A sudden flash of flrf. Wyntovm. 4. Rage ; pa»- 

sion, Ang.— Norw. fiage^ fiaao^ expl. (in Dan.) ''a 

sudden gust of wind ; aliM>, snow, rain, or hail, which 

comes suddenly, and goes quickly off again," IIol- 

lager. T. Flag. 
FLAW,pr«<. Flew. DovgloM.—k.^.fieak. 
FLAW. Fiery Flaw. The sting ray. Sibbaid, 
FLAW, t. 1. An extent of land under grass, Orkn. 

2. A broad ridge, ibid.— Isl. fla, planum, latus. 
To FLAW, V. n. 1. To lie or fib. Ramtay. 2. To 

flaw away^ to magnify in narration, South of S. 

Synon. BleeMe awa*. 
FLAW, t. A flb ; a fklsehood, 8. Ramsay. Allied, 

perhaps, to 0. Flandr. fleew-etit Teut. vtey-en^ blan- 

diri ; if not loflauw-en, dcflcere, languescere. 
FLAW, t. The point of a horse-nail, broken off by the 

smith, after it has pasMd through the hoof, Fife. — 

8u. Q.flage^ pars avulsa, f ragmen. 
FLAW, i. A flaw o* peaU, the spot of ground occupied 

by an individual, on the edge of a moss, on which his 

peats are spread for being dried, in the summer 

seamn, Roxb. A. Soof^— Evidently allied to Isl. 

flag, terra nuda, post excissam glebam ; or q. the 

quantity of peats ca^it, i. e. flayed. 
FLAWKERTIS, t. pi. Armour for the legs. Douglas. 
FLAW KIT, part. a^j. White In the flanks ; a term 

applied to cattle, Hanffs. 
FLAWMAND, jNirCi^r. Displayed. Barbour. V. 

Flam, v. 
FLAWMONT, i. A narratire ; a history, Ayrs. Renfr. 

— Isl.^M.^Cim, carmen fkmosum. 
FLAW-PEAT. A soft and spongy peat, pron. flow- 

pe,U, S. Walker. V. Flow. 
FLAZE, V. n. When the threads of the warp get dis- 
entangled from the woof, in conse4|uence of wanting 

a hfm, the cloth is said to flaxe. E./ase, loc. 
FLE.\KS, s. pi. The flssum between the strata of a 

rock. Fife.— Isl. >l<iJb^€K dlsclndere,.^ai(:, segmentum. 

Th<s may be viewed as an oblique use of E. flake. 
FLEA LUGGIT, •«(;. UnactUcd ; hare-brained, 8. 

Fl.KASOCKS. s. ill. The shaTings of wood. 
Fl.KAT. s. A thick mat used for preventing a horse's 

iMck from being galled by the saddle, Sutheri. V. 

KlJJrU {autt.\ s. A flea, 8. B.— A. 9.flmlL 
To FLEOII {fiuU.) one'* «(/. To hunt for, or catch 

flea«.S. B. 
FLEOUY (fvtt.), wO*. CmtnA with flaat. 8. B. 

FLECHIN, «. A flake of snow. Y. Fucbis. 

FLECUTS, FLicim (guU.). s. pi. The ^ledUt of a 
spinning-wheel are the pronged or foriced pieces of 
wood in which the teeth are set, Meams. This is 
equivalent to E.>ly, as applied to machinery ; as the 
fly of a Jack ; 8u. G. flygt, A. 8. flyht, Belg. vhteht, 

FLECKER, s. The act of fluttering, Ettr. For. V. 


FLECKERIT, a4j. Spotted. Gawan and Ool. 

FLECKER'T, a4j. Rent ; torn ; generally ased when 
any part of tlie human body has been mangled, and 
the slcin hangs down half covered with Mood, Roxb. 
— ls\.flak-aj solutus haerere. 

FLECK IE, Flbckt, s, A fondling name for a spotted 
cow, S. A. Dum/r. Courier. 

FLECKIT, s. A small flask for canying spirits, Meree; 
fl>ackei, A. Bor. a bottle made in fashion of a barrel, 
Ray. V. Flaket. 

FLECKIT, Flkckbo, adj. Uaving Urge disUnct white 
spotH, S. 0. Surv. Ayrs. 

FLECKIT FEVER. A spotted fever, S. B.— Sw. >Ia«dl- 
/«6<T, Germ fleck-fieber. Id. 

FLECT, t. A town, as distinguished ftova a <AVf. — 
Germ, fled:, a borough, a market town ; Belg.^Jk 
(open steedije^) a town ; Flem. Heckey a village, boun^. 

FLED(tEAR, s. One who makes arrows. Acts Jo. II, 
— irvna. flitsch. Ft. fleche, an arrow. 

FLEE, s. A fly, S. Z. Z?oyd.— Belg. vliegt. 

To lkt a. Flbb stick i' tbb Wa*. Not to speak on some 
particular topic ; to pass over it without remaric, S. 
A Htiquary. 

To FLEE, o n. To fly, S. No other term is used 
even when the fliv'ht of a bird is expressed. Our old 
writers, as Wyntown and Douglas, u-^e flie in this 
sense. — A. S./(c-on, volarc, Teut. vtifg-en^ verberare 
aera pennis, Germ flitg-en. Mod. ^x.flteg-en^ id. 

FLEE, s. The smalle>t thing ; a whit ; a jot ; always 
preceded by a nopaiive, S. B. ; synon. FUtw. — PerhiiMs 
ametaph. borrowed from the smallne&sof a fly ; A. S. 
fltrge^ Teut. Tiiegk^ musca. 

To FLEECII, V a. To flatter. V. Fleich. 

FLEECUIN, adj. Applied to the weather, when it 
fal.sely assumes a favourable appearance ; as, " Thifs 
afiftdiin day" i. t. a day that promises much more 
than will be performed, Fife ; svnon. Ginoanie, q. v. 

FLEECIIINGLY. adv. Flatteringly. 

FLEED, s. A ht^d-ridge, Abenl. 

FLEEFU', Flktfl-', adj. Frightful, Lanarks. Ayrs. 
Picken's Poems. 

FLEEGARYING, Flaoartixo. jtart. pr. Ba<ying 
one's self about trifltug articles uf dress, Upp. t'ljdes. 

FLEEGERIE, Flecgaeib. Fregarib, s. 1. A whim. 
S. 2. In pi. toys ; gewpaws. S. Bamsay. It is 
often used to denote tlie >liuwy flaunting attire of 
females, S. Fffgarifs, Dumfr. 

FLEEt^EST. s. .K piece of cut paper, hung up for at- 
tracting flics, Berwick. 

FLKEGIRT, t. A small quant: tv of any thing : a<, 
** Aflrfgirt o' huiter," supitose«l to .«.iga;fy, as much 
as would gird or surrouud a/fy. S. .V . 

FLEEINt^ ADDER. A drugon-tlv, Roxb. 

FLEEING MARCHANT. A lK^llar ; an itinerant 
merch.nnt. Abonl. 

FLEEP. s. A stupid fellow, Abi*i\1. Skinnrr. 

To FLEER, v. a. To gibe ; to taunL Pickm 

FLEER, s. Floor. Abenl. 

FLKESOME, acO*. Frightful, 8. 0. Y. Flct. 




FLEESOMELIE, adv. FrightfoUy, Clydes. 

VLESaOMENESS, t. Frightfolnets, ibid. 

To FLEET, V. n. To flow ; aloo, to float, Loth. Rozb. 

Y. Flbit, v. n. 
To FLEET owre. To orerflow, Boxb. 
FLEET-DYKE, $. A dike erected for preventing in- 

ondjiUon, South of S. Teut. vliett flumen, v{t«/-en, 

floere, abundare. 
FLEET-WATER, «. Water which OTerflowa ground, 

To FLSG, V. a. To affright, S. E€MMy. 
To FLSG, «. n. To take fright, S. B. 
FLEO. To tak Fleg, v. n. ; to take fright, Ang. 
FLEO, t. A fright, S. J2a«uay. 
To FLEO, «. n. To flj from pla6e to place, Domfk'. 

Davidton. — A. 8. /Uog-cMt volare. 
FLEG, «. 1. A stroke ; a random blow. Hamiltony 

Pieken. S. A kick. 01. Burm. 3. A fit of ill- 

hamoar, Ajrs. 
FLEGGAR, «. One who magnifies in narration, Loth.; 

a proclaimer of falsehoods. — So. Q.ftiek-<ij to patch ; 

skfjliek-iurt, a cobbler. 
FLKGGIN, t. A lasy, lying fellow, ronning from door 

to door, Domfr. 
FLEGillNGS, t. pi. The dust which comes from flax 

in the dressing, Strathmore ; syuon. Stuff, Stew. — 

Teut. vlaegh-en, deglubere ; beoiuse the flax is as it 
I wen* flayed off, when it is separated from the 

I To FLET, Flkb, v. a, 1. To frighten, S. Douglat. 
j 2. To put to flight, S. Mayne. 

To FIJSY, Fly, on. To take fright, 8. B. Rou. 

FLET, i. A fright, S. B. Dumfr. Tarroi. 

FLET. Lege SUy, dy. Barbour. 

To FLET, V. a. To give a slight degree of heat to any 

liquid. Tofley a bottle of beer, or any other liquor, 

to take the cold air off it, by toasting it before the 

fire, Fife, Perths. 
To FLEICIl. Flkitcb, o. o. To wheedle ; to flatter, S. 

Bariour. — Tent-flets-m^ adulari, blandiri. 
FLKICII. Flbbch, i. A piece of flatU ry. KdJy. 
To FLEICU AKD FECIIT. One while to cajole, next 

moment to scold, Roxb. 
FLEICHER, Flcchoub, Flbitschour, t. A flatterer. 

H'yn/otm.— Teut fletter. 
FLEICHING, Flechtko, m. Flattery, 8. Douglas. 
FLEIG. g. FUght. Bdlenden. 
FLETITNESS. *. Affright. Complaynt S. 
FLEYNE. Vntofleyne. On flight. JJouglas. 
• 7b FLEIP, V. a. V. Flypb. 

To FLEYR, Flbyb-up, v. n. To make wry faces ; also, 

to whimper, Ang. 
FLEYSUM, adj. Frightful, 8. V. Fley. 
ToFLEIT, V. a. To flee from. Douglas.— Belg. vlied- 

en, id. 
To FLEIT, Flbtb, v. n. 1. To flow. Dunbar. 2. To 

float £i»^green. 3. To mil. Barftour. 4. To 

abound. Lyndsay.—Sn. O. flyt-a^ Teut. vliet-en, 

FLEIT, pr'. pa. Afraid, 8. Keith's Hist. 
FLEIT, «. OveiL'owingof «ater, lA>tli.; bjaou. Spate. 

V. Flbet. r. 
FLEYT, pret. of the r. Flyte, scolded ; more generally 

pron flait. Warerley. 
FLEITNES, «. Fear; affright Keith's History. 
To FLEKKER, Flykxb, v. n. 1. To flutter, S. Wal- 
lace. 2. To quiver; to tremble. Douglat.Sii. G. 
fleckra^ moUtari ; A. 8. fliccer-ian^ id. 
To FLEM, Flbsib, v. a. To banish ; to expel. Wallace. 

— A. 8. ge-flem^n^ Aigare; lA.flaemty exolare facio, 

whence flaemingr, an exile, an outlaw. 
FLEMENS-FIRTH, t. An asylum for outlaws. Lay 

Last Minstra. 
FLEMING-LAUCHE, s. Indulgence granted to the 

Flemings who anciently settled in 8., to retain some 

of their national usages. Ckalmer^s Caled. 
FLENCH-GDT, s. Blubber of a whale laid out in 

long slices, 8. Perhapr rather the part of the hold 

into which it Is thrown before being barrelled up.— 

8u. Q.flank<if to slice. 
To FLEND. «. a. To flee. Lyndsay. 
FLENDRIS, FLXNOBBa, FuvoBas, s. pf. Splinters. 

Douglas.—Btlg.flentsrSt splinters, fragments. 
FLEOURB, Flburb, Flbwaeb, Fliwbb, FLROwai, t. 

Flavour ; generally used in a bad sense. Wyntown, 

—Vr. flair, odor, C. B. fiair, putor, foetor. 
FLEP, s. A fUl. V. Flaif. 
FLESCHE,*. Fleece. Ihmdar.— A. 8. >Ieo«,/Uy«, id.; 

Lat veUut. 
FLESCHOUR, s. A hangman; an executioner. 

FLESII, Flbscoi, s. 1. The carcase of any animal 

kUled for food. AcU Cha. I. 2. BuUher meat 

Aberd. Reg , 8. 
FLESHARY, «. The business of a butcher; now 

called Fleshing. Aberd. Beg. 
FLE8HER, FLBSBOum, s. The common designation of 

a butcher, 8. Balfour. 
FLET, pret. v. V. Flyt, to scold. 
FLET, adj. Prosaic Qmplaynt S. E. fl^U. 
FLET, Flbtb, Flbtt, s. 1. A house. Rou. 2. The 

inward pari of a house. LL.S. S. A floor, or story 

of a house ; commonly >(a<, 8. Courant. — A. S.fleU, 

a house. 
FLET, Fl&at, s. a mat of plaited straw, for preserv- 
ing a horse's back from being injured by his load, 

Caithn. Statist. Aec. 
FLET, *. A saucer, S.—ld.fleda, Id. 
FLET, pret. Floated. V. Flbit. 
FLETE, s. Product. Douglas.— Be\g. vH^-en^ abun- 

To FLETIIER, o. a. To decoy by fair words. Bums. 

V. Fluooeb. 
To FLETIIER, Flaithbb, v. n. To use wheedling or 

fawning language, Perths. — Isl. fladr-a^ adulari, 

flate. adulatio ; Su. G.flaeder, nugae. 
FLETIIERS, s. pi. Fair words. South of 8. 
FLEUK, «. A flounder, Dumfr. V. Flock. 
FLEUME, Fbumb, *. Phlegm. Complaynt S. 
To Fi<£URIS, V. n. To flourish. Lyndsay. 
FLEURISE, Flurkisb, s. BiosAom, S. Complaynt S 
FLEWET, Flubt, s. A smart blow. Kelly. 
FLEWS, s. A sluice for turning water off an irrip'ateil 

meadow, Roxb. ; pron. q. Fleuss. Hogg.— Tiiat. 

fltiyse, aquaeductus. 
To FLY, r. a. To affright Spalding. 
FLY, s. The common desiguation for a Diligence, S. 

A ntiquary. 
FLYA.ME, s. Phlegm. Polwart. 
FLIBnERQIB, s. Perhaps a slanderer. 
FLY -CAP, it. A cap, or head-<lpeKs, lately worn by 

elderly ladies ; formed like two crcHcents conjoined, 

and by meanH of wire made to stand quite out from 

the cushion on which the hair was dressed. 
FLICIIEN, Flichan, Flighbm, ]>*lecii]n, s. 1. Any 

thing very small, Dumfr. 2. A flake of snow, ibid.. 

FLICHT (putt.)^ t. A mote or small speck of dirt, 




amongst food, Boxb. — Sa. Q. fioekt-ii, motitare, q. 
auj light thing carried into one's food by the agita- 
tion of the air. 

To FLIGHT, «. II. To floetuate. Dunftor.— A. S. 
flooeU-ant id. 

To FLIGHT, V. n. Same with Flytt, Lyndsay. 

FLIGHT, t. That part of a spinning wheel which 
twists the thread, and, by means of tutht guides 
it to the pirn. V. Hkck. 

FLIGHTER o/tnaw. A flake of snow. 

FLICHTER (guU.), s. A great number of small ob- 
jects flying in the air ; as $,JlidUer o/birdi ; a/lichter 
ofmota, kc Upp. lanarlca Perhaps from Flickter, 
V. as respecting their fluttering motion. V. Flbk- 
caa, V. 

To FLIGHTER, FLTCHTia, FuoBTKa, «. n. 1. To 
flutter, S. Burtl. 2. To run with outspread arms, 
as children, to those to whom they are much 
attached, Dumfr. 3. To quiver ; to throb. DougUu. 
4. To startle ; to alarm, S. B. V. Fi.KKKBa. 

To FLIGHTER, Fliobtkb, v. a. To pinion, S. Wod- 
row. — Teut. vlieht-en^ nectere 

FLICHTERIFF. a4j. Unsteady; fickle; changeable, 
Buchan. Tarra$. It is also used as if a «. 

FLIGHTEBS, t. pi. That part of the fanners which 
generates the wind, Clydes. V. FuoHTsa, to 

To FLICKER, «. a. To coax, S. — Su. O. /ledtro, 

To FLIGKER, «. n. To flirt. Poptd. Bcdl. 

To FLYDE, V. n. To fly. MaiOand P.— Tent 
vlied-tH, id. 

FUEP, s. A fool ; a silly inactive fellow, Aberd. 
Tarra*. V. FtcF. 

FLIET, t. Flute, Aberd. Tamu, 

FLUinT-SnOTT. «. Apparently a bow-shot, or the 
ftigkt of an arrow. PiUeoUie, 

FLIQMAGEARIE, s. The eifeet of great eccentricity 
of mind, a ragaiy ; as, **a wild JligtM(feariet" 
VTest of S. 

FLYING-DRAGON. A paper kite, 8. 

FLYING-DRAGON, t. The dragon-fly, S. The 
Scottish form of the word is FUein'-draaon. It is 
also caUcd the AUker-tfOl, Qydes. and FUein'-Addar, 

FLIM, t. A whim ; an illndon, Ayrs ; apparently the 
.vame with E./om. Train. — Isl. /Ci'm irrinio. 

To FLINCH. V. «. To slice the blabber from the b^y of 
a whale. Shed. The i^iraie.— Sw./omJ^o, to »lice. 

FLYND,«. Flint GawoMondOol. 

To FLINDER, «. «. To ran about in a flattering 
manner. Ang. — Isl Jloii-a, praeceps feror. 


FLYNDRIG, «. KxpL **an inpodent woman ; a de- 
ceiver. •* Ayrs. 

To FLYNDRIG. «. a. To beguile, Ibid — Dan./ame. a 
pdUr-braincd man or woman ; Teat viittder^ papilio^ 

FLINDRIKIN. Wattem's CM. T. Fuxiisb, v. 

lUNDRIKIN, adj. Flirting. Fife. 

To FUNG. V. a. I. TO baffle; todcceire, SL S. To 
jilt S. Moriton, 

FLING, s. 1. A dIsapftointaiCBl in geaeial, SL 2. A 
disappointment in kyre, ia eooacqaence of beinjc 
Jilted. S. A. DomaUu. 3. A fit of Ul homoar. To 
tak tht/lim§ ; to b t c o ^ e MmanatMbVi Bammaiym* 

• To FLING, r. «. TtokiekaaalMna: la 9lrik«witli 
th« fert ; as, ** a jUivtef kMS^* &— fitt. G. 
topdere, pc wir e. 

FLING, «. The act of kicking, S. 

To FLING, V. n. To danc«*. Knox. 

FLING, s. The act of dancing, g. Xeill. 

FLING, HiGHLAHD Flino. The name of a well-known 

Highland dance, in which there is much exertion of 

the limbs. Lights and Skadoun. 
FLINGER, s. A dancer ; a term now neariy obsolete. 

The PiraU. 
FLINGIN-TREE, t. 1. A piece of timber used as a 

partition between horses, S. 2. A flail, 8. Burnt. 

3. Properly the lower part of a flail, that which 

strilces the grain, S. Synon. SoujpU, Tenantt 

Card. Beaton. 
FLING-STRINGS,^, pi. To tak the Fling-itringt, to 

get into a flt of ill humour, 8. Ballad Bo<A, 
FLINNER, «. A splinter, Renfk'. Mayne. 
FLYPE, t. Perhaps a sort of leather apron, aaed when 

digging. Jacobite Relict. 
To FLIPE. Fltpb, v. a. 1. To ruffle the skin. 2. To 

puU off any thing, by turning it inside out, 8. Lynd- 

say. — Isl. jfftp-o, the pendulous lip of a wound. 
FLIPE, s. A fold ; a lap, 8. aeland, 
FLYPIN. par<. ai^. *' Looking aba^ihedly f Gl. BuOuxn. 

TarroM. — Isl.Jlipa^ labrum Tulneris pendulum. 
FLIRD, t. 1. Any thing that is thin and insufficient ; 

as a thin piece of cake, board, tc ; but not applied to 

what is woven, Dumflr. 2. Any thing viewed as a 

gaudy toy ; any piece of dress that is unsubstantial ; 

as, '^athin/lird," Roxb. Ayrs. Pieken. 3. In pi. 

worn-out clothes, Roxb. ibid. Obviously the same 

with A. S.^leord, nugae, " toys ; trifles," Somner. 4. 

" Flirds, vain finery," Gl. Pieken. V. Fbrao. v. 
To FLIRD, v.n. To flutter, Roxb. Apparently from 

the B»me oripn witli Flyrd, to flirt 
To FLYRD, v. n. To flirt. Dunbar.— K. S.JUard-ian, 

FLIRDIE, adj. Giddy ; nnsettled ; often applied to a 

skittish hone. Loth. 
FLIRDOCU. «. A flirt Aberd. 
To FLIRIKX'U, V. n. To flirt V. Fltko, r. 
FLYRDOME, t. Perhaps ^.Jlirting. 
FLIRDON, s. Not knovn. Monigownerie. 
To FLYRE, V. n. 1. To gibe ; to make sport 8. B. 

Houlate. 2. To leer, 8. B. Popular B<xll. 3. To 

look iuriy, Ang. Jforuon.— Isl. Jlyr-a, subridere, 

To FLYRE, r. n. 1. To go about mattering complaints 

and disapprobation. Roxb. ; srnor* Wheatmer. Hogg^ 

2. To whimper, as when one is about to cry. 
FLYRIT. Not understood. Maiaand P. 
To FLIRN the »<m\ or/j<T : to twist it Aberd. — Isl. 

^jfrf, saepius rideo ; ^uxr, patulus, laxus, G. 

FLYRt)CK. s. A term of contempt Ihtnhar, 
To FLIRR. V. a. To gna^h. S. B GL Skimn. 
ToFLISK. r. n. 1. To skip; to caper, S. Cleland. 

2. Tobejtitket; to be fretted. Fife. A. Douglas, — 

Su- G./lof-a, lascirire. Id. id. praeceps ferri, 
FL15K. s. 1. A caper ; a sudden $priaf or evolation, 

8. J^ruie «/ Lamwurmcor. 2. A triCing, skipping 

person, Ordes. 
FLI5KY. adj. Flighty : unsettled ; lightheaded, 8. 

H'<gg'$ Momntain Bard, 
\ FLISKMAUAlGlX adj. Trirjil ; li^i ; giddy, Ayrs. ; 

generally applied to female^L Perhaps merely a 

provincial varie>ty of Ftiskwtckcy. OMd a^Jectively ; 

or Q. Fluft>-«M-A«3r'#o, Le,. hry / let as go. 
FUSKMAUAIGO, «. A giddy, o<stettlatio«s penoa, 





FLISKMAHOY, t. A giddy, gawky girl ; synon. GiU- 
JLirt^ Roxb. AntiqtMry. 

To FLIST, V. n. 1. To fly off, S. 2. To be in a rage 
or violent emotioD, 8. B. Bou. 3. IVg fi'stin; it 
rains and blows at once, S. B. — Tent Jlitt-ent ero- 
lare. Sw./oes-o, anheUre. 

7LIST, t. 1. A squall, Ang. 2. A flying shower of 
snow. 8. A fit of anger. Ang. 4. A small quantity of 
powder exploded, Aberd. 

VLI8TY, adj. 1. Stormy; squally, Ang. 2. Pas- 
sionate ; irascible, Ang. 

FLISTIN, «. A slight shower, Ayrs. ; the same with 

To FLIT, Flrr, e. a. 1. T* transport^ In whaterer 
way, 8. Bums, 2. To transport by water. Bar- 
bour. 8. To cause to remove ; used in a forensic 
sense. Balfoitr^g Praet.—S\x G.^lyM-o, transportare 
ab uno loco ad alteram ; laH. JljfU-i<ij recto. 

To FLIT, Fltt, v. n. To remove from one house to 
another, 8. JTeUjf.— I>an.;fyM-<r, id. 

To FLITCH ER. «. n. ** To flutter lilce young nestlings 
when their dam approaches,'* 01. Skirr^. Perhaps 

To FLYTE, Fliti, «. n. 1. To scold, 8. pret JUt, 
anciently Jlayt. Douglat. 2. To pray in the Ian- 
frnageofcomplaint, or remonstrance. Wallace. 3. To 
debate, to dispute, although without scolding or rio- 
lent language. P. \ttK Cent.— A 8. >l<ton, rixare, 
to brawle, Somner. 

FLYTE, Fltt, $. 1. A serere reprehension, continued 
for some time, 8. MUion. 2. A match at scolding, 
8. Antiquary, 

FLYTEPOCK, t. The double^hln, 8. B., denominated 
from its being inflated when one is in a rage. 

FLYTER, «. One giren to scolding, 8. BoUocke. 

FLYTEWITE, Fltcht-t™, «. A fine for rerbal 
abuse or broils. Skene. — A. S.JlUwitej id. from^li'f, 
strife, and ufite, a fine. 

FLIT-FOLD, «. A fold se constructed that it may be 
ffiored from one place to another, 8. A. MaxwelVt 
Set. Trant. 

FLYTING,*. 1. The act of scolding, 8. BailUe. 2. 
Poetry of that kind which tlie French call temon. 

FLYTINO.FREE, adj. 1. 8o familiar with another as 
to scold him, 8. 2. Expl. as signifying " blamelesa, 
and therefore free, or entitled, to reprimand those 
who are guilty,*' Clydes. 

To TAX TBR f rasT WORD o' Flttixo. To begin to find 
fault with those who are likely to complain of you ; 
to be the first to scold those who, you suspect, are 
about to scold you, 8. 

Iix-Flittkh, part, adj, A term nsed when the crimi- 
nations or reprehensions of another are supposed tu 
come with a rery bad grace from him, ai« being equally 
or more guilty in the same or a similar rci$pect> 8. 

Wbil-Futtkx, jpart. adj. •• That is wtel-Jlitten o' 
you I" a phrase sarcastically or ironically applied to 
one who reprehends or scolds, who is himself far 
more deiierring of reprehension, S. 

To FLITTER, v. n. To flutter. Hogg. 

FLITTERS, s. pi. Small pieces ; splinters, Roxb. ; 
synon. Flinneri. — Isl. flett-a, diffindere, whence 
fletting, segmentum ligni. 

FLITTINO, i. The act of removing from one place of 
reaidence to another, 8. 2. The furniture, Ac, re- 
morrd, 8. Wyntown, 8. A moonlight flitting ; re- 
moral without paying one's debts, 8. Bamtay. 4. 
A tern used in husbandry, to denote the decay or 

failure of seeds, which do not come to maturity, & 

MaxtoeWi Set. Tram. 
FLOAMIE, «. A large or broad piece, Shetl.— Isl. 

flaemif yasta area, rel Tas ; *' something wide and 

strong ,■" Haldorson. 
To FLOAN, Floax ox, «. a. To show attachment^ or 

court regard, in an indiscreet way ; a term applied to 

females, 8. B. Bost. — Isl. flon, stolid us, flana^ 

praeceps feror. 
FLOAT, «. The act of floating. At the float, floating, 

Ang. Boa. 
FLOATHINa, 9. EqnlTalent to a thin layer, or stra- 
tum. Maxwai'i Sa. Tram.—lil, floety area plana, 

parva planities. 
FLOBBAOE, g. Phlegm. Lyndtay.—Sw.flabbt buoca, 

Dan.^loft, the mouth. 
FLOGUT, Flouoht, «. 1. On flockt, on wing. Doug- 
las, 2. State of being fluttered, 8. B. A flocht, id. 

Burel, 3. Fluctuation, Dunbar, — Alem. flugkt, 

flight ; A. %.flogett'any fluctnare. 
To FLOCHTER (gutt.), v. n. To give free scope to 

Joyful feelings, Dumfr. 
FLOCHTERSOME, a4j. Under the impulse of Joy, 

ibid. V. Flochtbt, to which both v. and a4j. are 

nearly allied. 
FLOCUTY, 04/. Unsteady; whimsical; ToUUle, 

FLOCHTRY, FLocoHTRons, adj. Fluttered; in a 

flurry, 8. B. Bost, 
FLOCKMELS, ad^j. In flocks, Teviotd.— A. 8. Floec- 

maelttm, gregatim, catenratim. 
FLOCK-RAIK, «. A range of pasture for a flock of 

sheep. Surv. BeryoiekM, 
To PLODDER, FLorrca, v. a, 1. To overflow. Doug- 

ku. 2. To blur, by weeping; synon. bluther, 

FLOICUEN (gutt.), $. An nncommonly laiire flake of 

snow or soot, Ayrs. — Belg. fltMcen, vlakkent flakes 

of snow. 
FLOYT, s. A flute— Teut.^fuyte, Id. 
FLOYT, ♦. 1. A flatterer or deceiver. Polwart, 2. 

A petted person, Dumfr.— Teut. fluyte, meudacium 

blandum ; fluyt-en, mentiri, blande dicere. 
FLOKKIT, part. pa. Having a nap raised, or being 

thickened. Acts Ja. F/.- Belg. vIoXr, " a flock of 

wool, a shag, a little tuft of hair ;" flokkig^ *' shaggy, 

tufty," Sewcl. Isl. flnkn-a, to thicken. 
FLONKIE, s. A servant in livery, Dumfr. T. FiXKXis. 
FLOOR, s. A diarrhoea. South of 8., fleuk, fluke, id., 

8. B. ; corr. ft-om E. flux. 
FLOOR, Flvks, Livbr-Flcks. A flat insect which 

breeds in the livers of sheep and otlier quadruptKls, 

when in bad condition. Loth., 8. B. 
FTX)OK, Fledk, 9. 1. A generic name for various 

kinds of flat fish, 8. Sibbald, 2, Most generally 

used to denote the common flounder, 8. — A. 8. floe, 

Febsh-watsr Flkck. The flounder which Is found In 

FLOORED, adj. Barbed. Z. Boyd. 
FLOOK-MOW'D, adj. Having a crooked mouth, or 

mouth to the one side, S. B. 
To FLOOR, V. a. To bring forward in ar:gument ; to 

table. Jf ' Ward. 
FLORENTINE, s, A kind of pie ; properly, meat baked 

in a dish, with a cover of paste, 8. 
FLORY. t. A frothy fellow, 8. 
FLOBIE, a4j. Vain ; voUtUe, 8. Sir J, Sindair.^ 
Teut. >lore, homo f utilia. 




FLORT-HICKLGS. «. A tsIb oiptj fcUov. ''He's 

bttt hJLrg-htddt*,^ Loth. 
FL06H, «. A vm^mp ; a tedy «r stUMtiac 

growa «rer vith «««dst recdk Ac. GaUovay. 
FLOSHIX. FuMB^x. «. A paddle of water 

tkaa a dak bttt sfaaOov, Ok. 
FLUSS. «. Tbe Sepia Loliro^ Sea Sleere. ar Aaker 

Fiik. ^r^atftaeTt /^iteHkMltf — IsL A»**^ '^ •?- 

pitcd to what is roaaL Caiammij. 
TlOS&t a The learcs of reed caaaiy fiass ; tlw coei- 

Moa nubu Barrjft Orkm. 
FUrr. «. The »cvB oTIwiMk wkea boOi^, Sw—Sa. G. 

JbIL adepsy qoi jori lUfimatiL 
FLOTCH. t. A b«|r. tei. kcaTj. dirty penen : applied 

diielly to wean a. Boxbt It also cooT e ys tile ideas 

«f tawdriness aad of «Bflmccf^riae!i« ia moqoil — 

O. Fr.jtoadk» "weak, soft; asabwiekas laap ef 

Te FLOTCH. v. a. To acre ia a t o oftig» *d or i m pra L -y- _ 

fal aaaaer. and awkwardly dreaded.— Saa.^loRr. to 

r* FLOTCU. V. a. To weep : to aoK 5. BL j 

FLOTILs. A fleet. Jksrdear.— A. S.>)<a. ' 

FL0TE-BI>1T, s. A yawl, or perkai^ wkat we aow ^ 

caa a pianare. As//. /Yatf. 
FLOTHCj; t. ■<. Floods. ITaL'aef.— AIcaL )!.«£. a 

. Owea. 

lacoosiaat ; fl art ao ting. BetUmdm. 
dnftia for carrying 
ia cleaning latiks ; an 

FL0T!5oxs AXD jrraoMz. ^/MMm. Is 

ship :s MBik or caA a«my. aad the good^ are 

cpoQ the sea. * JaesA's Imat DieL ** JHamm. U any 
. thi eg thrown oat of a «AJf^ heiag in danger of wreck. 

aad by the wares driTea oa ahorc* ibid.— bL >««•«. 

sapenacareu Jtttmmt is fenced to Fr. jti-tr, to 

roFLOmK. T. Ftoaoaa. I 

FUVmNS. 9. pi. Flft-m/kfj. q. t. AVrd. 
TUymTT.prtt. $piasb«4. V^lwet.- 

dtfTvcm. to tf ap.. 
FUiT-WHKT. i. T^ioee cwids^ Wn ist whey, wh ch. 

when b*ffl<d. jftiaroa the a^ps. tTXyde:!. JtecrAMs;*. 

Aag. O^pUfmt S, 
FU^rOHT. «. Hatter. T FUvvr. 
FIjlTNGE. «. The act of jLmac^m^ M^eatt.—Sm, G. 

dave^a. iaunergere. 
FLCr*. *. T\e Bcal of wh^ai 5. 
FLOrirBKEAD. «. Whea2«a broaL S. 5Sict Ace. 
FLOCILE JOMTT. <l l^ffhapi^ fto««Es ;a Joiy. in 

O Ft. called Jwrtt. C <^ir. 
FU'CUCi: 9. A «toel »k «crtkiag Ire Ccom ftlss. 

A^nL— Sw .-trrtL Daa jft^reCa. a fc*L 
FWCBIS. «. fi. frime of hir. Ipa^nnF- 
FLi^rKLSIL Jw BbMMto. i T. Ftccaics. 
FLOCB THE LLS. An eraanfwt reaeBbliBr die I-^* 

OT ruw«r J« L«.-e. /aaraftirwa — Fr. .doir .dt lis. aL 

:::in!»nT :iwr -ry-tfower. 
ri rU^i'SE. Ft cm Ft. «'•. «. a. T* tara haek the 

-4g- 'if a wL ir the pern; jf a ao^L F!«^ -i Saaa.d 

ri« Uil*. «. A*iiid--GennL,*«a *«r*MW. 

Fl.: W. #. A jtx: a particiA &. *. Txr^sa — A. *. 

ilia. A fracinen& a croto^ 
iLi ^ r:.jw^ r*-jw-aw»* a 1- A wawry saw. s 

--Tmih w:iafry 'ju»L 3»»c V«i.«a 
It-tT puussr^. *.**. Sa»- 
FLi} 9 t. A l-SB. opra SS 
w A -A? watt p ia eed ea a 

■«pn » laipiiie. LedL la &. thia ia ftwiaiadgr OMhal ait 
A9ui W^— Tsar 

To FLOW, V. a. To eacaesefate ia relating any thing, 

Clydes. Syaoo. ^ate. 
FLOW. 9. An exBoeiatcd 

— lsl.>*. ragmw 
Flow DIKE. Apparently a 

off water. Smrv. Bamjf9. 
FLOWEft. «. An edge-tool 

oU word. Eoxb. 
FLOWER'Di. Fu>ca*», ai;. A term applied to sheep. 

when they begin to becuaie scal>by. and to losie their 

w.xd. TcTioid. 
FLOWERII. Fixrais. i. The ace of jcpades, TerioCd. ; 

perhap& froa the oraato^ai:s which appear on this 

FLOWXYIM. mij. 1. Light : downy ; applied to 

*oti o b j ec t s which are easily eompre^^fble, soch as 

wod. feaJkerk Ac. Lanarki^ 2. Tiaasferred to t!te 

mind, as d<aociag ooe who h trilling, who ha» no 

solidity. iKd. — liL.dov. rolaulitas. 
FLi>WNLE. s. A anU portioa of any rolatile »ab> 

ȣaBce. as of toeal thrown en adraarht of water, Ang. 
FtrCHBA. Fixtsavi. s. Scww in brood flakes, SheU. 
FLCDl Flcpc. 9. 1. Isoadatioa. S. ITpaAnoa. 3. 

Floxeftide. S. »1. IL JUmL 
r» FLCDDEX. T. FijrruKB. «. 
r./ FLTDDEE. Ftrrasa. r. a. T<» exh'K't th* af<pe^r- 

aoce ef great regari to any one: to OMvie. — Isi. 

.daira. aialari. 5. P. Rfwr. 
FLn>-MAKK,a Waarr-OLark. 5. 
FLFET. a A Map ; a t*-w. T. FLmr. 
r« FLrFF. e a. rtjLtJ^pumder. sobira gwnpowder; 

to Bake it St «?. $. 
FLlTF.s. l.Vaf. Laavka. : a*w -a/y of wind* 

1. A sltght expUMwn of jraspewdsr. $. T. Fli^t . 
FLliriK p«rt. gm, I^^a^^ated. Shirr. 
FLCFFT. a4;L Afplied to aay powdery snhataace 

that caa be tcasily pot ia awCrfia. or blowa away ; a.N 

to atf^«s^ haur-fwwder. ^eaL Ac laaarks. 
FUTF-GlflL *. ExpIosRoa or {mpuwiier. S. A. ** JTa/- 

Tv FLrGHT. •►. a. 1. T » i taer : to asake a gr^st 

show. Eeaftews. TtMitak^. 2. Ta 1-rt, ih.d. T. 

FtrKE. s. Aa auect. 4c. T Fl.^k. 
FLCEE^*. A iasrrtriw. T. Fvva, 
FLr3l. «. Fasssry. &r J. S.-tc-str 
WLUJL 9. Ft«w : Soud . airfrj^o. aie»i T~i- .frnT^ 

ta^na.:. Cic. ; a jpetf^ jf .aa^ -a^. I^.-^i a#. — i.-. I r. 

.dasB.. w:iaer. a r\*-r. 
r^ FLCNC^S. -a. T4 3k p . 5.- v-aper. LA=a.-k^ Sjn. 

FLCNEIEL a A jTery serr»ai 5. Szu-xt. — A. S. 

•'♦iia.'s. pRil«. 

FLUF. «. One Vith a^kwari -a »nr-a.-aBce aad 

fcwiish* Aai?. O^dws. jr-.«|K ASenl, V >.pL Pv-rtk^. 

- Ih. -dnp. iffpcute* 5**. ii. .itpirr. i«ia.j -^navm. 
FLr? a Se«, H:aa:ith. 

F L U EDO.U r.x «iK- *. iL >- K iad«e«uo.i. K^mrne^fy 
FLLlkLJf EVSa. a rs.- ^•m.-^^t 5:»«r. * BL d-acb.- 

asaid. fmm. the raid' a«{:s^ h ;i>e -saia. 
FtrXiSH. Fl.j«.a-»a. s 3tu»<^im. < Sx-m^ 
FLiJlilSIX p«rt. at, 5i^T^ ^^ ^ ^ ^l^ ^^ 

x.irs j^ 
FUllsvH. a 

a Seui;aaid ss 

L A ran rf a-ut'r ^wjun. 2. S^iov 
'•a a «ito *if 4L^«tfi luuQ. T^ ■» 
awQiy auMd a^^A. 1. v»aI^is 
piied 3» bkiiaoa,. :!v~%»- 

,*•*>«»> Sl^i 




FLUSH, adj. 1. Vail, in whiiterer respect, S. Skinner. 
2. Afflaent ; as,/{tiiib of vumey^ 8.— Teat, fiayi-tn, 

FLUSH, «. A piece of moist ground ; % place where 

vater frequently lies ; a morass, Roxb. V. Flosh. 
To FLUSTER, v. n. To be in a bustle, 8.— Isl.^laiat-r, 

praecipitantia, ^ia(r-a, incaute festinare. 
FLUSTER, «. Bustle ; confusion proceeding from 

hurry, 8. 
FLUTCH, 9. An inactive person, Loth. — Teut.^lauio, 

FLUTCH Y, adj. Inactive, Loth. 
To FLUTUER, v,n. To be In a great bustle. A fluth- 

erin' ereaturt ; a bustling, confused person, 8. — Su. 

G.fiaddr-a.i'A. E./luUer. 
FLUTHER, $. 1. Hurry ; busUe, S. A. DougUu. 2. 

An abundance so great as to cause confusion. 
FLUTHER, t. Ri«e in a river, so as to discolour the 

water, though not so great as a speat, 8. B. T. 


FLL^HERS, «. pi. The loose flakes or lamina of a 
stone. Blaffenf lyn. Fife. — Isl./Itu, crusta, cortex ; 
So. Q.Jlitter, bractea. 
FLUXES, 9. pi. Old name in S. for a flux. 
To FLUZE, V. a. T. Floitsi. 
FOAL, 9. A bannock or cake ; any soft and thick 

bread, Orkn.— Bclg. bd, a small loaf. 
FOAL'S FIT, 9. A ludicrous t«rm for the snot hanging 
or running down from a child's nose, Roxb. ; fit sig- 
nifying foot. 
To FOB, V. n. 1. To breathe hard. 2. To siph. It 
often denotes the short interrupted anhulation of a 
child when crying. Tarrat. 
FOCHE, 9. A pretence. DiaUog.—Sn. G. puUj a 

fetch, techna. 
FOCUTIN MILK (ffutt.). Butter-milk. Buchan. Per- 
haps from its being produced hy fightino at the chum. 
FODE. FooDB, FwDi, ». 1. Brood : offspriog. Ritstm. 
2. Expl. a mao.~8u. O. affueda, id. from /o*d-a, 
glguere. V. Foct. 
FODE. The pret. of the v. to feed, Aberd.— Moos G. 

fod-an, A. S.^oed-an. jiasccn', aiere. 
FODGB, 9. A fat, pltufy-ckrekit person, Roxb.; evi- 
dently the same with Fudge. 
FODGEL. a4j. Squat and plump, 8. 0. Burru.^ 

Teut. voedul, 1b\. faed9la^ cibus. 
FODYELL, t. A fat, good-humoured person, Ettr. 
For.— Formed perhaps from Dan. fo^it, nutriment, 
FODY ELLIN', adj. Used to denote the motion of a 

lusty person ; nearly jiynon. with E. waddling, lb. 
FOG, Fucox, 9. Moiis, S. Dunbar.— H&n.fua, mossi- 
To FOG, ». n. 1. To be covered with moss, 8. Penne- 

cuik. 2. To prosper ; to thrive, Aberd. 
To FOG. r. a. To eat heartily, 8. B. 
FOGGAGE, «. Rank grass which has not been eaten 
in summer, or which grows among grain, and is fed 
on by horses or cnttle after the crop is removed, 8. 
A term frequently occurring in our Forest Laws. 
FOCrGIE, FooGT, adj. 1. Mossy, 8. A. DougUu. 2. 

Dull ; lumpiiih ; from Fog, mist. Z. Boyd. 
FOGGIE, Foots, s. 1. An invalid, or garrison sol- 
dier, 8. 2. A penion arlvanced in life.— So. G. fogdt, 
formerly on£ who had the charge of a garri.son. 
FOGGIE, Foooik-Bkx, 9. A small yellow bee, that 
builds her cells among &e fog or moss ; a kind of 
humble bee, 8. Blackw. Mag. 

FOGGIT, adj. 1. Covered with moss. 2. Supplied 
with moss ; metaph. supplied in any respect ; wod 
foggit, well-furnished, 8. Shirrtfk, 

FOG-THEEKIT, pairt. adj. Covered, i, e. thatched, 
with moss. Tarra9. 

FOY, 9. An entertainment given to one abont to 
leave any place of residence, or to go abroad, 8. 
JUorUfm. 2. Metaph. as equivalent to wishing one 
a good journey. — ^Belg. dtfooi geeven, 8w. drickafoi, 
ooenam profectitiam dare. Rather from Teut. voye, 
also/oye, a compotjition before setting out on a Jour- 
ney ; from Fr. voye, a way. 

FOYARD, 9. A fugitive, Ayrs.— Fr. fwgard^ a flyer, 
or runaway, from /u-tr, to fly. 

FOICUAL, FoiCHKL {puU.\ 9. A cant term for a girl 
from sixteen to twenty years of age, Lanarks. Dun- 
bartons. Applied to a liUle thick-set child, Stiriings. 

FOYNIE, FuKTiR, t. The wood-martin, or beech -mar- 
tin, 8. K. Q%Mir.—Wr. fouine. 

FOIR COPLAND. A phrase used in a deed regarding 
Orkney and Zetland. 

FOIRGAIT, «. The high or open street. 

F0IRGRAND3YR, FoxxoaAKTSOHiE, 9. 1. Great- 
grandfather ; also, great-great-grandfather. Aet9 Ja, 
I. 2. A predeceftsor ; used in a moral sense. S". 

FOIRSENE, part, pa. Thoroughly understood. T. 


FOIRSYCUT. 9. T. FoaBBXisr. 

FOIRWAGEIS, 9. Wages given before the perform- 
ance of any work. Acts Ja. VI. 

FOISON, FusiouN, 9. 1. Abundance. Barbour. 2. 
Pith ; ability, 8. Rou. 8. In a sense nearly allied, 
it denotes the essence or spirit of any thing ; as, 
" What are ye glowran at me for, whan I'm at my 
meat 7 Ye'll tak a' the fizien out o't ,-" Roxb. 4. 
Bodily sensation, Aberd. ; synon. with Tabet9, TibbeU. 
6. Foimm is transferred to the mind; as, "He lias 
nae/oijon in him ;" he has no understanding, or men- 
tal energy. Loth. — Fr. foison, abundance. 

FOISONLESS, adj. 1. WlUiout strength or sap ; dried ; 
withered, 8. Kelly. 2. Insipid ; pithless ; without 
substance, 8. 3. Unsubstantial ; used in a moral 
sense, 8. Old Mortality. 

FOISTERING, Futstbino, FoifinTKBLso, 9. Expl. 
"disorder in working," Ayrs.; exprebsing the idea 
conveyed by Uaahter or Huahter. Gait. 

FOISTEST, ad;. A. FTi/fon. — Gael. /oiV<«a<ae, signi- 
fies next, proximate, foigse^ id. Can tliis be an 
errat. for foster t 

FOITER'D, part. adj. In difliculty ; puzzled, Fife. 
V. Fkwter. 

FOLD, 9. Ground. WaUace.—k. 8. foldty id. 

FOLDINGS, 9. pi. Wrappers ; a term applied to that 
part of dress which Involves the posteriors. To Kaoe 
foul Foldings, to lose the power of retention ; in 
allusion to the swaddling-clothes of children. 

FOLY, adj. Belonging to fools. Dougla9.—3\x. G. 
fiollig, foolish. 

FOLIFUL, adj. Foolish. Complaynt S. 

* FOLK (pron./ucA-)) t. Used to denote reUtions ; as, 
'* How's jourfock f" How are your kindred ? South 
of 8.— A sense perhaps transmitted from the A. 8. 
use of folc for family. 

* FOLLY, 9. A term applied by the vulgar to a build- 

ing more for ornament than use ; or to a dwelling- 
house that exceeds the station, or has ruined the cir- 
cumstances of the proprietor ; as, OaiatoiMft Folly. 

f FoOT.Ror. «. V. rit^BoT. 

I lOOT-SlUB, rs l«p /iwl-iMi, 

FOB. An lu»«i»imb1« piWoln, whlcli iffipllii otg^ 

FOft. «"(/■ O^^of- Witoti^m. 

ruR. prry. I>tDiilliV quilllT.— Su, (I, fi-ir, Id. 

FOR. pnp. Ai»lDfl. flnriovi'.— A, P. Id. 

I FOR, oJt. U»nl M B. />«. bflore, pmt 

I rOH-A-BE, ail>. Alllisiigb ; OMWlthniulilluc, Fl 
/or iiIJ tlwl may te 

Tb F01U1EU, e. ■. To rronoW : t 

Hl*-Su Q.fotdt^ Id. 
fg FUBDKU, <>, ,1. Tshm necHI 

il.— TeuL nignfar, slln, ultcrlm; li 

FORDERANrK. f. AdniusntDiil. B, 
JB., /a, IT. 
r njlU)EU--[M-UtTDGK, t. Aorplnwot 

V<)[t-A'-T1IAT, ado. Nolvllhiiwiilli 
VdHUKAR, (. Anioflctlor; i(oi*f 
FOBIIKW. part. i« In (1 




VORDOUSBIT, part, pa, Btnpifled ; orer-toiled. 

Doufflat. — Teut. verdoor-ent inftttuare. 
To VOBDBITJBf «. a. To drire oat of the right coarse. 

Ikmalas.—A 8, fordrif-ant abripere. 
rORDRUNKIN, part, pa, Yeiy drank. DouoUu,^ 

A. S. /vr-drenc-ait, inebrUre. 
TOBDULLIT, part, pa, Qreatlj confased ; made doll. 

Pal. Hon. 
VOBDWARD, VoEDWAKT, Fobthwakt, t. A paction. 

Wallace.— A. S./or-wcrdy pactum. 
70RDWARTB, adv. Forward. Douglas. 
FORDWEBLIT, part. a4j. Qreatlj enfeebled, 8. B. 

Pop. BaU. Y. DwABLB. 
FOBS, prtp. Signifying priority. To the fore. 1. 

8tiU remaining or sarviving, S. Wodrow. 2. Sared 

as a stock, 8. BaiUie. 3. Haring the start of, S. 

BaiUie. A. In the same place or sitoation, 8. 5 

To the fore has a singolar sense in Boxb. signifying, 

in consideration of, or in comparison with. 
Or FoBB, adv. Before. Act. Dom. Cone. 
FOBE, «. Any thing thrown ashore as a wreck ; some- 
times Star forty Galloway. — So. G. fhtr-a^ ferre, ad- 

ferre ; q. '* what is brought to land by the motion of 

the sea." 
FOBE, i. Help ; furtherance, 8. 0. 
FOBE-ANBNT, Fobbbkcb, Fobxknb, Fobkbxtis, Fob- 

VBirr, j»rep. 1. Directly opposite to, 8. BeUenden. 

2. Against, as signifying, **ln prorision for;** to 

F0RKBEABI8, t. pi. Ancestors, 8. WaUaet.—k, 8. 

furty before, and hear-any to bring forth. 
FOBB-BYAB, t. One who purchases goods in a mar- 
ket before the legal time ; a forestaller. Skene. 
F0BB-BBBA8T & tkt Loft, The front seat of the 

gallery in a church, 8. 
FOBEBB0AD8, «. pi. The milk which is first drawn 

fran a cow when she is milked. Agr. Surv. Ayrg. 
F0BBCA8TEN, part. pa. Neglected. RuOurford.— 

8n. G. foerkatt-Oy abjicere. 
FOBE-CBAG, «. The anterior part of the throat Law's 

FOBE-DAT, t. That part of the day which elapses 

tnm breakfast-time till noon, Boxb. ^oi^a.— Germ. 

vormittag, forenoon. 
FOBEDONE, part. adj. Quite worn out, Dumfr. 
FOBE-DOOB, i. The door in the front of a house, 

8. O. Agr. Surv. Ayrg. 
FOBE-END, ♦. Anterior part. Fort-end o* Rar'gt, 

the anterior part of harvest, 8. Antiquary. 
F0BE-ENTBE8SE, t. A porch or porUco. Wedder- 

bumefg Voeab. 
To FOBE-FAIB, «. a. To abuse. 
To FOBEFIGHT ont'g eetf, v. a. To take exercise so 

as to weary one's self. V. Fobbfought, Fobb- 

rouGBTBir, the part. pa. of this obsolete verb. 
FOBEOAIT, FoiROAiT, g. The high or open street. 

BaJfrnr. V. Gait. 
FOBEGANE, FnBB0Aix8T,prcp. Opposite to. Douglag. 
FOBEGBANDFATUEB, g. Great-grandfather. V. 


FOBEHAMMER, Foibhammbb, «. The sledge ; or 
sledge-hammer, S. 

To T«BOW THB FoBEHiMMBB. To thfow the sledge ; 
a species of sport still used in the country as a trial 
of strength. Burnt. — Tent, vtur-hamery iudes, 
malleus msjor. 

• FOBEHAND, «. " I'm to the forehand wi' you," I 
hare got the start of you ; applied both to time, and 
to any adrantage obtained over another, 8. 

FOftE-HAND, ocTj. First in order, 8. Old Mortality. 

FOBEHANDIT, o^;. Bash, 8 B. 

FOBS-HAND-BENT, Fobbbbmt, «. A mode of ap- 
pointing the rent of a farm, by which the tenant must 
pay it when it becomes due six months after entry. 
Agr. Suirv. Berwickg. 

FOBETEAB, «. The earlier part of the year, as the 
spring, Loth.— Teut «eur;aer, annus incipiens; etver. 

FORELAND, «. A house facing the street, as distin- 
guished from one In a close or alley, 8. Act, Awiit. 
V. Laud. 

FOBELDEBIS, «. pi. Ancestors. Wyntovm,Sa. G. 
foeraeldrcar, id. 

To FOBELEIT, o. a. To forsake ; to desert Y. 


FORE-LOOFB, t. A furlough. Monro'g Exped.— 
Su. G. foerlofy id. from foerlofwOy promittere ; ex- 
auctorare; from lofw-a, permittere, to give leave ; and 
this, as Ihre shows, is simply and beautifully derived 
from tofufty vola manus, 8. Iv/e, because it was cus- 
tomary In making promises or engagements, to give 
the hand. Dan. forloVy leave to go forth. 

FORENAII/D, part. pa. Applied to money which is 
spent before it be gained. — Teut vemiel-eny con- 

FORENAME, t. TThe christian name, as distinguished 
from the surname, 8. — Teut veur-naem, praenomen. 

FORENICHT, t. The interval between twilight and 
bed-time, 8. Jhmft. Cour, — Teut vetsr-nadUy prima 
pars noctis. 

FORENICKIT, part. pa. Prevented by a trick. 

FORENOON, FoBBBOOB BBBAD, g. A luncheon eaten 
by the peasantry, hinds, Ac. Roxb. ; synon. Nadcety 

F0RENTRE8, t. An entry lo a house from b^ore; a 
court, or a porch. 

FORES, «. pi. Perquisites given by bargain to a ser- 
vant besides his wages, Selkirks. Y. Fobb, g. help. 

FORESEENE, par/. jM. 1. Provided; supplied.— Sw. 
foergty id. 2. Acquainted. 3. Thoroughly under- 
stood. Actg Ja. F/.— Teut. ver-sein, munitus, 

FORE-SUOT, s. The prelection of the front of a house 
over part of the street in which it is biiilt Law 

FORESHOT, t. 1. The iokisky that first nius off in 
distillation, which is always the strongest, S. 2. In 
pi. foreshots is the designation given to the milk 
which is first drawn from a cow, lAoarks. 

FORESICHTIE, adj. Provident, Fife. 

FORESKIP, s. 1. Precedence of another in a Journey, 
8. B. 2. The advantage given to one in a contest 
or trial of strength, agility, Ac. Dumfr. — From A. S. 
forty before, and the termination sArtp, £. sAtp, Sw. 
skapy denotini^ state or condition. 

To FORESPEAK, v. a. Y. Fobspbab. 

FORESPEAKER, t. 1. An advocate. Ji*v. Maj. 2. 
Feresptkary the foreman of a jury. Aberd. Beg.— 
A. 8 foresptcay prolocutor. 

FORESPEAKING, s. Such commendation as is sup- 
posed to injure the person or thing spoken of, S. 
Statist. Ace 

To FOREST A, v. a. To understand. Y. Fobstaw. 
FORESTAM, «. 1. Prow of a ship. Douglas. 2. The 
forehead, 8. B. Buddiman. — Su. G. stamm, pars 
navis prima. 
FORESTART, t. "A start in running a race,** Roxb. 
It would seem to denote the advantage gained in 
leaving the goal first 




rORBSUPPBR, «. The intemtl between the time that 

serTmots leave off woritiog and that of supper, when 

they gather round the fire, Lanarks. The interval 

between supper and the time of going to bed is called 

Afbenupper, ibid. 
FORETERES, t. Fortress. Douglas. 
FORBTHINKINa, s. Repentance. Z. Boyd. 
FORETIIOUCUTIE, ae^). CauUous ; provident, Fife, 

FORE-TROOPES, s. pi. The rangnard of an army. 

Monr&s fxpetf. — Germ. xoMrouppeHf 8w. /oer- 

tnyppar, id. 
FOREWORNE, part. pa. Exhausted with fatigue, S. 

Uoifg. Rather /onoome ; from /or, intensive, and 

wear, q. worn out. 
To FORFAIR, v. a. To waste. Beg. Uaj. 
To FORFAIR, FoarAa, v. n. To perish. WaXlact.— 

A. S. fbr/ar-an^ penlere, perire. 
FORFAIRN, part. pa. 1. Fortom, S. Ross. 3. Old- 

fk&hioned, S. B. jeost. 8. Worn out; Jaded, S. Bums. 
ToFORFALT, Fo::ri0LT, o.o. To attaint. BeUenden. 
FORFALT, s. Forfeiture. Bdlenden. 
FORFANT. adj. Overcome with fkintness. Bur^. 
FORFAUQHLIT, part a^j. Worn out ; jaded with 

(ktigne, Boxb. ; nearly synon. with FdtgtskeL Y. 

FORFAULTOURE, FoarAVLTcas, t. Forfeiture. AcU 

FORFAULTRIE. s. Forfeiture. Baittie. 
FORFLEEIT, part. pa. Terrified ; stupifled with terror, 

FORFLTTTEX. part. pa. Sererely scolded. 01. Sibb. 
To FORFLUTIIER, v. a. To disorder, Lanarks ; fkom 

ybr, intensive, and Ftudder, q. v. 
FORFORN, part. pa. Hariog the appearance of being 

exhau^ited or desolate, Peitha. lh!fs Poems. The 

same with For/aim. q. y. 
ICORFOrCIlT. FuKroccHTEX, VonwkVQWMS, part. pa. 

1. ExiMusted with fighting. WaUaee. —Belg. rrr- 

rtckt-m, id. 2. Greatly tstigoed. Sir Egcir. 
FORFOWDEN. part. a4j. Exhausted ; greaUy fstipned, 

Abeid. : synon. F^fouektetk. W. Beattir's Tales. 
To FORQADER. FoaoATaaa, w. n. 1. To meet ; to 

coavene. Ikmglas. %. To meet in a hostile nuui- 

ner. Fitscottie. 3. To meet accidentally, & JSatmsay. 

4. To b« united in marriage. S. B. Jioo.^Teut. 

rrr-gaeder-tn^ cougregare, conveuire. 
FORGANE. V. Forkgauest. 

FORGANE. FoaxGAix»T, prep. OpfHMiie to. Domgfas. 
To rx^RGATllER. «. n, V. Fi^tbxDsa. 
FORGATHERIN. s. Meeting. S. Tenmani. 
FORGEIT.jwY.*. Lettly. Okr. JTir^.— A. S./wya-n. 

Fl^RliRT. s. An act of fbntetfulDess. S. A. ;». R^mam. 
R>RGETTJU a'ij. FocTKfvil. & B^— A. Sw/uryyM, id. 
n^RGETTILXES?*. s. F^igetfulness. 
Fl^RGKUAXCK. Foaaasrs. «. FoifireiMss^ AcL 

Ikm, Omc. JJxrtl. *<». 
r»- ri>KGlK. r. a. Ts> fcwinrew S. Waftr{^ 
n^RGirFTNE. s. Donatwa.— A. S. /orfifMm. to 

jr-Tv, coiK-vd^nr. darp. doaare. Tent. wrvArf»r-<«. 

G^rm, ivrv^^)^<«> ccadoaaiv. JVr aad nr acv iMrre 

te«iT»'lT iat^rasive. 
FX^KGiri\:\* Foqriw^wa^ AWrd. Beg. 
IX^RGKANT^IRK Fv^at^aiAXTScmia. j^ QrcaS<fwai' 

f»ih-r. V. FoiCiiiaAXXx^va. 
rORHors. «. A fiwfc. Of a» aM(ffi«r WOiltti^ as ir- 

frrrtir w ««» b*fc:»d it: 

To FORHOW, V. a. To forsake, 8. B. Bot^fUu.— 

A. &. forkog-ian, q>emere. 
FORHOWARE,t. A deserter. Douglas. 
FORJESKET, part. pa. Jaded, 8. Burms.-^JiaMk. for, 

and jcuk-er^ to rumple. 
FORJIBGED, part. pa. Same with foryesket, 8. B.— 

0. Jr. forjug-er, to condemn wrongfully. 
FORINGIT, part. pa. Banished. King's Quair.— 

FORK. To stick a fork in tke waw, to throw the pains 

of a woman in labour <»i her hu:d)and, 8. 
FORKY, adj. Strong. Dunbar. 
FORKIN, FoaKixo, s. 1. Synon. with Cleaving, or 

the parting between the thighs, Boxb. 2. Jn pi. 

Forkings. Where a river divides into more branches 

than one. these are called the Forkings of the water, 

Boxb,— 0. B. ffwrck, •' the fork, or inside of the 

junction of the ihighs with the body," Owen. 
FORK IN', s. The act of looiking out or searching for 

anything; as, '' FWkin' for siller," being in qufcit 

of money ; '* Forkin* for a job," looking out for em- 
ployment in work, Aberd. 
FORKIT-TAIL, Foaxr-TAiL. s. The earwig, Aberd. 
FORrKNOELIT, part. pa. Woin out with knock- 

To FORLAY, r. n. To lie in ambush. GL SUib.— 

Teut. verlaegk-tn^ insidiari. 
To FORLANE, v. a. To give. GL Sibb. — Sn. G. 

foeriaen-a, donare. 
FORLAINE. part. pa. Left alone. Henrysone.—A. 8. 

farlaeg-an, negligi. 
FORLANE, jNirt. pa. Lain with carnally. Douglas. 

— A. S./orleg-en, fomicata est. 
FORLANj^ adj. Importunate. Dunbar. — Sn. O. 

JoerUiegen, solicitus. 
FORLE, s. Whorie. Meama. 
To FORLEIT, FoaLSTK, FoaxtxTr, FoaLBxr, v. a. 1. 

To forsake. Ckr. Kirk. 2. To forget, Ayia. Fiekem. 

— A. S foHaet-an, Su. G./oeriaet-a^ id. 
7o FORLEITU. r. a. To loath. S. A. GI. 8ibb.— 

Teut. vrr-leed-en. fastidirF. 
FORLETHIE. s. a surfeit. dL B. Jour. Lrmd. 
To Fi»RLY. r a. To lie with carnally. Bartour. — 

A. S. /T/i'iHsa^ foruicari. 
FOB-LYIN. part. pa. Fatigued with lying too long 

in bed. Kinj's Quair. — Teut. rerie^keuj fessns. 
FORLYNE. p^rt. pa. Y. Foxlt. 
FORLOKF. «. A furloqgh. Spalding. — So. G. foerfcf 

id. Y. Foax-Loorx. 
To FORLOIR. r. a. To become usdess from langmw. 

FORUU'PIN. part. pa. Fugitive. Douglas.— TtiO. 

veri^j^^m. to run avay. 
FORLi.>RE. i>art. j«- Fortom — A. S. /wieor^a, 

FORM ALE. FoanAUXB. s. Bent paid per advanoe. T. 

tmder Mjiiu tr.bu:e. Ao. 
FORMEKIU aJj Yerr ervat. Dm^lat. 
FOR.MKR. *, A k-ud o<" chi^L & Sjii. /j<;. BcautifuL IyTk£«jr.— Lai.. 
rv>RN. jprrf. Fary^L 5- R JB-w. 
To FORN.lLE. F^'-asxuu r. a. To mortgage, by 

pW^lir.aqj; the fe;arY r^ci^ of a prc^.-tr. ur any soma 

«f B^Krer. for a sfOkxnal pajment. berore ihey be doe, 

S, jirt- Ana. r -<- 
F\>RNS. T^/.m*. *ir. Fo.-meHy. Douglas.— A. S. 

fjrme. pcic-^ 
FV^RNKNT, /rv^ 1. Opyoste to. 2. CoocenuBc 
5. r^cd in a aanlar Mtkse. in 




mairlace. *' Bach a one is to be nuurrled." "Ay! 
wbM foment r i. «. to whom ? Soxb. Y. yoEBinvr. 

lb FOBNYAUW, ». a. To fatigiie, Ayrs.— Teut. ter- 
iio«y-€ii, id. tMderer tsediom adferre. 

FORNYAW'D, part, pa, Haring the appearance of 
being exhausted with fiitigae, Ajre. ; glren as sjnon. 
with Di^atkU^ JV»;;aJI;a.— Perhaps from Teat, vtr- 
noyt, pertaesos. 

FOBOUCH, VoEOCTH, prep. Before, as to time. 

70B0UTH, Youow, A roBBOW, ado. 1. Before, as 
to time. Dufibar. 2. Before, as to place. Barbour. 
— Oerm. vorig, prior ; Sw.foemt, before. 

10B0W8EIN. foreseen. Barbour. 

FOROWT, f oaowTTH, jrep. 1. Without. Barbour. 2. 
Besides. WyrUowm. — Sw. foerutanj absque, praeter. 

rORPET, t. The fourth part of a p,edc, 8. BUson. 

FORPLAICHT of wool. A certain qoantitj of wool. 
Meeordi of Aberd. 

fOB-FLBYNIT, part. pa. Worn oat with complain- 
ing. Kinift Quair. 

VOBRA COW. One that is not with calf, Fife. ; Ferry 
Cotp, Ang. Y. FoEKOW. 

To FORRAY, «. a. To pillage. Borftoicr:— Fr. four- 
roff-er, to ravage. 

FORRAY, «. 1. The act of forsging. Barbour. S. A 
predatory excursion. Wallace. 8. The party em- 
ployed in carrying off the prey. Wailace. 4. The 
prey itself. 6. Advanced guard of an army. Wyn- 

FORRARE,adv. Farther. ActtJa.V. 

FORRS0URI8, «. pi. A foraging par^. WalUtee.— 
O. W.Jorrier. 

FORRSST-WORK, a^j. A species of tapestry, dis- 
tinguished from Arrat. " Forreit-^oork hangings." 
lAnlitkffow Papen. So called, perhaps, because 
trees, Ac. were depicted on them. 

FORRET, f. 1. Forehead. DougUu. 2. MeUph. 
the brow of a hill. Douglat. 

FORRBT, FoaaAT, Foaarr, adv. Forward, 8. Ron. 

To on FoB&AT, V. n. This phrase is used in a singu- 
lar way in Dumff. "ire's getting forrat." He is 
becoming intoxicated, q. getting oo. He't makin* is 
sometimes used in the same sense, 8. 

FORRETSOME, adj. Forward in disposition. A 
farretmime laUj one who is very coming iu her man- 
ner, who does not wait on the formality of courtship, 
but advances half way, Roxb. 

To FORREW, V. n. To repent exceedingly. WyrUoum. 
^frrwyd, pret. 

FORRYDAR, «. One who rides before an armed party. 
WdUace.^^w. foerridare. 

FORRIDDEN, part. pa. Overpowered with the fatigue 
of hard riding, Clydes. 


FORROW COW. One that Is not with calf, and there- 
fore continues to give milk ; the same with Ferry 
Cbw, q. V. Roxb. 

FORROWN, FoBBUH, part. pa. Exhausted with runn- 
ing. Wallaee. 

FORS, FoBss, i. A current ; a cataract. Wattaoe.— 
8u. Q.fort, cataracta fluminis. 

To FOBS, v. n. To care. Dunbar.-^Vr. faire fonXy id. 

FORS, FoaoB, t. Necessity. Off fort, on force, of ne- 
cessity. Douglat. 

• To FORSAKE, v. n. To leave off. Wallaoe. 

FORB8AMEKILL, oorv*. Forasmuch. Stat. Dav. II. 

FOB8ARIS, t. pi. Galley slaves. Knoi^t Hitt.—lt. 
fortairtj a galley slave, Gotgr. 

FOR800MFI8T, part. pa. 1. Oreroome with heat, 8. 
2. Nearly suffocated by a hadvmell, 8. Y. SooMnsr. 

To F0R8EE, v. a. To overtook ; to neglect. 

To FORSEB one't telf. To neglect what respects one's 
own Interest— A. 8. ybrse-oiii q>ernere, ne^igere, 
" to despise ; to n^lect" 

FORSEL, t. A mat for defending a horse's back, 
Orkn.— Su. G. foer, before, and Isl. sAe, the handle 
of the dorsets. 

To FORSET, «. a. 1. To overpower with work, 0. 2. 
To surfeit, 8. — Teut v«rtaet-en, obaaturare. 

FORSET, «. 1. The act of overpowering, 8. 2. A 
surfeit, 8. 

FOBSY, FoBOT, F0B88, a4f. PowerftiL Soperl for- 
teatt. Wallaoe, 

FORSLITTIN, part. pa. Read forflittin, scolded to 
excess. FhUotut, If not an errat, for ForfUttin, 
perhaps it should be exphdned worn out; 8w. 
faertliten, id. 

FORSLTTTING, t. Oastigation ; chastisement ; also, 
expl. a satirical reprimand, Ayrs.— A. 8. fordiet, 
intemecio ; fortliten, ruptus, flssus. 

To FORSLOWE, V. a. To lose by indolence. SadUr't 
Pap. — A. 8. ybrslaio-ian, pigere. 

FORSMENTIS, t. pi. Acts of deforcement Act. 
Don. Cone. — Fr. /oroemenC, a eonstiaining or break- 
ing through, Cotgr. 

To FORSPSAK, v. a. 1. To inJnre, according to vul- 
gar superstition, by immoderate praise, 8., O. B. Gl. 
Sibb. 2. To bewitch. Crim. Reeordt. 8. This 
term is used to denote the fktal effects of speaking 
of evil spirits in any way, whether good or evil, as 
being supposed by the vulgar to have the effect of 
making them appear, South of S. Hogg. 4. To 
consecrate by charms. Hence, Fore-tpc^een waler, 
Orkn. A-and.— Belg. voortpook, an omen. 

FORSPEAKEBS /or Cott, "are advocates who plead 
before the Parliament, called far cott, to distinguish 
them from those who pleai for nothing, as friends 
and relation?, who were termed Prolocutors." Fieio 
Feud. Law, Ol, 

To FORSTA', V. a. To understand, 8. Boti. — So. G. 
foer^a-n, id. 

To FORSTA Y, v. a. To forestall. Ab. Reg. 

FORSTARIS, t. A female inhabitant of a forest 

To FORSURNE, v. a. To spend. K. Hart.—TevU 
vertorg-en, curare. 

PORSWIFTIT, part. pa. Strayed. Doug.—^w. fber, 
intensive, and noa</-a, to wander. 

FORTAIYERT, part. pa. Much fatigued, S. 

FORTALICE, t. A fortress. AcU Cha. I. 

To FORTE, V. a. To fortify. Sadler*t Pap.—h, B. 
fort-are, fortem reddere. 

FORTELL,«. Benefit Monr&tExped.—J>tJi.fordeel, 
advantage, profit Y. FoanxL. 

FORTH, t. An inlet of the sea. 

FORTH, adv. The forth ; without, out of doors, Aberd. 
D. Anderton. 

FORTH, FoiBTB, FoETHa, t. A fort Pitteottie. 

FORTHENS, adv. At a distance. Doug, 

F0RTHER8UM, Fobdxbsum, a4j. 1. Rash, 8. B. 
Rott. 2. Forward In manner, S. B. Rott. 8. Of an 
active disposition, 8. B. 

FORTHERT, adv. Forward; pron. fordert, 8. B. 


FORTHGENG, s. The entertainment given when a 
bride leaves her father's house, Aug.— A. 8. forth- 
gang, exitus. 


I> |in)i«lf Ibc A. S. fn™™ 

mwrm.aj). lomnl; «rpa1iiiislnii]ii fiBUii 

In muiiiFr. Puicautt. V. rnnT. 
POBTBILV. odi, rraeklr: (nel/i wtlhori oatai 

To FuRTHIKK. *_ 0. To Rptni tl. ITal.— *. f 

fORTBlB, aij. ADKiiar; tan. B. B.— Tbli 

FORTHVR. 1. rurllimixie'; & 


:( iTOlt I 

roRTlUTAUT, FoinuwuLL 

ttUKUMl. S. ^iiT«siir. 
ra ruRTAV, romr. FtnaiT, 

FORWEPtT. rort. JM. 
FVKWbNDUVT.rartlai. OnMIf RT^iMl 1 

itbtd. »»««. 

rOBWDRTHIK, jnrt. |ia. 

KVKWCni. ptrt. fa. 
UoIk- ivrwrb, id. 

I Td FOnT RT. Fvu IR. I. « Ta forpt, I 
I FOUIOUnSKI, **/. (»m™. BlUii 

~ rb^a 4- OTtr-TltMei]. FRXn/ir, In 
I pm. |r°^ ■•">■ '^* A>r]raBil 

, Idid.flteflap. 
f r<li^Fuiii,t. Pll Fur itrsnun;. T. P: 
I 111MA, >. flmH cnnii^ uiDiic iiuM 

I riiNiin'. P(»«n«. t. A ntt of nulic 

Ml 1 tiorH. ID rK*'*! >>>* ikUi fnM Muf (mM4 h; 
th* f.'yrriuli, Abeid.— Uum. JUw, /uU, TlUait |rwi- 

l|«WtU.>. A<Mk_ KiauBtH— 


roTCB-PUrCH, I. 1. ApTwodj. I 
Ii«ci|edli}BH«HOUBIIiu w. KrU 
A r-trlfJi^ nnTilfiiHIriiiiiiilliil li 
we jnk^ci oGk diiT. LMh. S. Tha I 
oaad aa AeaaUat \ jteat^ aiH (M llillla|: ' 
tu Uw 4rsIv ti Mmilx* ; alia eaUid - 
rimrt, iMh. T, F>>rca, i. toua ± 
0T0TR.1. Ae«n-I~l. T.Fnnni*. 

rOTINKUJS, 1. ft. Pailiai. ai«lMUF 
■etfftl <4 lad K Kb mihu. 

FV)T«.af«. a»iAlB(>*lU>ei«f«l,But r 

rOTTI^ lb Om BhuiB nadiliici. Imian 

lw> vlda. ftatbr 
FOTTIK.!. AariMnnaiaalBtlUiBlIt 
tban-|t(gtd -. uptitigd la a iklU. a 1<"I7> 

ruTTia 1. Wam-tij mta ta Adwl* a r« 
gaibmi r <H>t v&o ■"■) hna plan W plKa (or lUi 
pmpav, IMd.— Aaued (crhatia la Uaa. /MM, " 

FOTTITTHtKF. A thUf </ Ibi lo 

ODC irbo has oolj vara /do. A w aAtaa, or 


Ih af S. I «. Ilia 

■ ;aa, " a/ott of palAUM^" ^ 

• (alt*k*kBl«kJ(tlbcadla. V. Fuoa. 
VOVAF. lUvthat. AkcM. 
FOUAT. PDtn, ■ TlK bgnariadi, E, fWl 

FOCn t n* pnsfcal K tliv I 


n* ptntn who Btd ibli adfwiaci. 

irith rtcK '- 

Fut:i.>. v«d 

■ yWaKCw 

/»!/*■•«. (tH 

uaiai IP* H /^^ (&■ )!«. A& 9- ^^olnm,— Pcrfopa ui 

FDl'U *^J- 1- Wtl ; nlUT, & fiMi t. OolllF : % 

foua tflht f. jyit. K Bad at praagoon minr- 
FOUI'BBAIID. 1. /-•--— -^ ...-^. 

FOUl. STUv An uiU<|bM f 

uasine itiA n~i m-/. 

FOUL FARBXK, a^. U»in«a' 

■, ctUMUf Iras lutaluf 




Tb 90VND, «L ». To go. Y. Ioudb. 

fOUND, t. 1. Tooadation, applied to a building of 
any kind, 8. 2. The area on which the foandation 
Ib laid. 8. Vonndation, in a mcMral sense, as denoi- 
ing consistencj with truth ; as, Tkcd ttory never had 
<my foundt Ang.— Fr. fond, "a bottome, floore, 
ground, foundation, Ac. ; a plot, or peece of ground," 

FOUND. CofMumit cffimnd ; artillery of cast metal. 
l 9mm U onUs.r-liT, fond^rcj to melt or cast Hence,. 
J^nrnder, the designation of that tradesman who casts 

To FOUNDER, V. «. To fell, 8. 

FOUNDIT, Naa fmndU, nothing at all ; nothing of 
any description. 

FOUNDIT, also Fouitdit-iuw. Used for forcibly ex- 
pressing want in any particular respect, Berwicks. 
The same with Fient kate^ fient a 6iC, Ac. used in 
otiier places of 8. ; q. Jiend v)kU ; JUndtitiag tjnoa, 
with dett or deril. Y. Hatb. 

FOUNDMENT, t. 1. Foundation of a building.— Fr. 
frndement. Aet9Ja.VI. 2. Foundation ina moral 
sense. Keith't Hitt. 

TOUNS, adj. Belonging to fawns. Dougloi. 

FOUBHOUBS, «. The time of drinking tea ; four 

being the ancient hour for the afternoon bererage, 8. 

WaUon. The tea itself ; as, " Aoe you gotten your 

four houn F* The slight refreshment taken by work>> 

men in Birmingham is called a/our &dock, 

FOURNEUKIT, a4j. Quadrangular, & BeUenden. 

F0UB80M. Used as a «. Four in company, Lanaiks. 
King Hart, 

F0UB8UM, adj. Applied to four acUng together ; as, 
** hfou rtum re^** 8. 

FOUSKE, FoirsT, f . A ditch. Douglai.—Vt. fbuL 

F0U80ME, adi^ Fulsome. Y. Fowsum. 

F0U8TI0AT, «. A low and foolish term used to denote 
any thing of which the designation is forgotten, 8. 
This must be resolred into, Howi$ it ye call it f 

FOUT, ». A mother'M- fout^ a petted, spoiled, peerish 
diild, Boxb. This is certainly the same with our old 
term, Fode^ Food^Fvodt, brood, offspring, q. v. ;al80 
Fud. — Dan. food signifies " bom, brought into the 
world," Wolff. 

lb FOUTCH, «. a. To exchange. Y. Fotch. 

FOUTCH, t. An exchange, 8. B. 

To FOUTBR, FooTxa, v. a. and «. To bungle, Aberd. 
Y. FocTTOua. 

FOUTB, FowTH, s. Abundance ; plenty, 8. Douglat. 
—ilfuUk, or Teut vulU, id. 

FOUTH, m^. Abondani ; copious. Kelly. 

FOUTHT (pron. q. Footky), adj. Haying the appear- 
ance of fulness. 

FOUTHY-LIKS, aij. Haring the appearance of 
abundance ; applied to a peasant whose bodily habit 
or dress exhibits no symptoms of poverty, Loth. Y. 


FOUTT, Funs, a^j. "L Mean ; base, 8. Hamilton. 

2. Unchast* ; indecent ; indecorous ; as applied to 

language, Lanarks. Smutty synon. S. — Fr. fouiUy 

a scoundrel. 
FOUTILIE, adv. 1. Meanly; basely, 8. 2. Obscenely, 

FOUTINESS, «. 1. Meanness, baseness, 8. 2. Obscene- 

ness, Clydes. 
FOUTBACK, interj. An exclamation expressire of 

■orprise, 8. B. It ii the same with Whaireck in the 

South of 8. 
rOUTBB, Fooraa, «. ActiTity; exertioo; Implying 

the idea of the end being gained, Fife; synon. 
Throuhpit. — GaeL fuadar, haste, preparation to do 
a thing. 

FOUTSOMB, adj. Forward,, officious, or meddling, 
TcYio td. 

FOUTTOUB, FouTM, t. A teim expressive of the 
greatest contempt, 8. Lyndsay. — Fr. foutre^ to 

FOW, Fu*, a4j, 1. FuU, 8. DiaUog, 2. Saturated 
with, food, 8. Kdly. 8. Drunk, 8. Bo$s, 4. One 
in the lower ranks who is in good circumstances, is 
denominated "a fow body, " Boxb.— Su. O. fuUf 

HALivrow, a4j. Fuddled, &— Sw. kalf-fuU, 

FOW, f. A club. PrietUPeblii.—Fr.fiU. 

FOW, s. A houseleek. Y. Fcws, Fouvtb. 

To FOW, Fu*, V. a. and «. To fill, Aberd.— Moes. G. 
fuU-jan, Alem. fuU-en, id. 

FOW, s. Apparently /eti-dntf. Aberd. Reg. 

FOW (pron. like S. Aow), t. A com fork ; a pitch- 
fork, Aberd. Dumfr. Boxb. 01. Surv. JVdinw. 

To FOW, to Few com. To throw up the sheaves with 
a pitchfork, ibid. 

FOW, f . A mow or heap of com in the sheaves, or of 
bottles of straw after being thrashed, Ayrs.— Isl. 
fuJLgOy foeni cumera. 

FOWDBIE, FouDBiB, Faudbbib, t. 1. The office of 
chief governor of Shetland. 2. The extent of the 
Jurisdiction of the Fond, Orkn. Shetl. AkU Ja, YI. 
— Su. G. foegderi^ praefectura, Dan. fogderie, '* a 
bailiwick, a stewardship." The termination seems 
to be properly rilM, regnum, Jurisdictio, the same with 
A. 8. r«e in bitkopric, in our old writings MMopry. 

FOWE AMD GBIia. Different kinds of fUr. Sir 

To FOWFILL^ v..a. Toftilfll. Aberd. Reg. 

FOWIB, a4j. Possendng a comfortable independence, 
Boxb. It is nerer used like Bene^ as a term of re- 
spect ; but always in such connection as to suggest a 
different idea ; as, " He's a fowie body," expl. as 
equivalent to "an old hunka" It is deduced from 
FotOf full. 

FOWMABTB, t. A polecat, 8. AcU Jo. J.— 0. Fr. 
fid^ fetid, and iiMrder, a martin. 

FOWN, adj. Of or belonging to a fawn. 

FOWBNIT, preU Furnished ; supplied, Fr. 

FOWS, FoosB, f. pi. The houseleek. Y. Fbwb. 


FOWSUM, adj. Somewhat too large, & B. fjrom fow, 

FOWSUM, FousuM, adj. 1. Luscious; ungraternlly 

sweet, 8. Ferguton. 2. Obscene ; gross. Chron. 

S. P. 8. Nauseous, E./ttlsome. Ron. 4. Filthy; 

denoting bodily impuritf. BeUenden, A. 8. /u/, 

impurus, obscoenu9,.<^d mm. 
FOWSUMLIE, adv. Loathsomely laiire. BeUenden. 
FOWSUMNESS, «. Luscioumess, Clydes. 
To FOX, V. n. To dissemble. Baillie,^lAl. fox-a, 

FOXTEBLEAYES, f* j^. The fox-glove, an herb, 

Boxb. Hogg. 
To FOZE, V. n. To lose the flavour ; to become mouldy, 

Perths. ; E. fusL—Vt. fusU, taking of the cask, 

from fuste^ a cask. 
To FOZE, V. n. To emit saliva, Fife. Tennant, 
FOZY, adj. I. Spongy; porous, 8. 2. Applied to 

one who iapuffUdf or blawn up, S. B. 8. Deficient 

in understanding, 8. B.— A. 8. woiig, humid us; 

Tent soot spongiosus. A fosy neep. 

rOATn. port. }ia. tbaU. ' 
Tb FKAIE. luic r. n. Ts 
OMX. LaUL-UL/raw-O. «l 
nu.EE. luiEis. (. 1. lUI 

TBAJU >. A iJukil BXdt d( nnfti 
IBAU. I. ICipI.Jka. ^ .VIbX. 

nuisc J 

A lAtcdlvi I 

rftiiiait, a4f. 

Tt ntiKT. nuam, Vutt, V 

toM Uto ■ Aa(f 4 wmtOr 

ft nUK. ■. m. Tad 

rUTBBIR hUM^ (. TIM msH Ml W m ■» 

tWJLTO. a^f. DUOal [■ M 

nUWAKT. ruvutK fir^ rna 




FKB, a^, NoMe. WaUace,—A. B./reo^ Ingennns. 
WKK, adj, BeaatlfoL TTyntown.— 0. 8a. Q. fri, 

FRS,t. A Iwly, fhmi the cuO*. ITai^iatMlP. 
To FREAK, «. ». To o^ole ; to coax ; to wheedle, 

Loth. y. Fkajk. 
FBEARS, t. A bAiket made oT nuhes or reeds.— Ap- 

IMirently the same with E.yV«»Z. 
To FRSATH, v. n. To froth, 8. Bwm». 
To FRSATH, «. a. To work up into froth, 8. Bamtay. 
FRSATH, t. Froth, ^^Duk.fraadt, spuma. 
To FRSATHB, v. a. To frtttke ckMt, to put clothei 

through a light irraUk when they hare been soiled in 

the bleaching or drying, preparatory to their being 

To FRSAZOCK tf^ o. a. To coax ; to wheedle ; to 

ciOol«i Ayra. ; apparently a prorindal dlminative 

from the r. to Fraite. 
FRSCHURB, i. Ooolnesa. Ckrm. 8. P.— Fr. frait- 

dUtrty id. 
FRECKi,<i4;. Y.FkjUJK. 
FRBCKIiS, adj. Hot-ipiriied. ffogg, 
FREDS. Apparently, freed ; liberated. 
FREDFULL, a4j. ReadyVaMt/UZ, friendly. Wallace. 
FREEDOM, «. LiberaUty ; generosity. WalL 

• FREE, adj. 1. Often nwd singly, denoting liberty 
of conscience to do any thing ; as, Tm not free to do 
that, 8. Heart Uid-Lotk. 2. Single ; not married ; 
i, e., flpee from the bond of matrimony, 8. 8. Made 
free of^ dirested of. SpaUOng. 

FREB, adj. BritUe, 8. B. LamonTt Diary. 2. Ap- 
plied to com which is so ripe as to be easily shaken, 

FRSELAGE, «. An heritable property, as distin- 
guished from a farm, Rozb. 

FREELAOE.'^a^;. Heritable, ibid. A. ScoU, 

• FREELY, adv. Very ; as, freely lucky. 
FREE-MARTIN. «. A oow naturally incapable of hav- 
ing a calf, Loth. 

To FREESK, v. a. To scratch ; to curry, Ang. 

FREE8K, t. A hasQr rub ; metaph. any work done ex- 
peditiously, Ang. 

FREET, «. A superstition. Y. Febit. 

FREFF, adj. I. Shy ; reserved, Roxb. 2. Intimate ; 
chief, ibid. 

FREIK, FaxKB, Faiox, *. 1. A strong man. WaUace. 
— Su. O. fraeck, strenuus. 2. A fellow ; more com- 
monly, a petulant young man. Zhuglai.—Sn. Q. 
fraedi, tumidus, insolens. 

FREIRIS, «. A friary, or convent of friars. BeUenden. 
— O. Jr.frairUa, id. 

FREIR KNOT, Fbbrb Ksot. Some Icind of knot 
anciently made with precious stones. InveiUoriei. 

FR£I8,adv. Freitdaitk qf ffold. Perhaps cloth raised 
or crisped in the weaving, like friexe. Inventories. 

FREIT, Frbbt, Fbxt, g. 1. A supei^^titious notion, 
with respect to any thing as a good or bad omen, S. 
Wynt. 2. A superstitious observance ; a charm, 8. 
K. Ja. VI. Z. Any act of worship, proceeding from 
superstition. More. 4. TV) ftand on /re^, to stickle 
at trifles, S. B. Boss. — Isl. fraett, frett, an omen or 

To FREITH, Febtb, v. a. 1. To protect. Douglas. 
2. To secure.— A. 8. frith-ian^ id. 

To FREITH, v.a. 1. To liberate. Wallace. 2. Used 
as a forensic term, signifying to release from an 
obligation, or pecuniary burden. Balf Prod. — A. 
8. gvfrith-iatit ^ 

To FREITH, «. n. To foam, Roxb. 

FREITH, s. 1. Foam ; froth, ibid. 2. A sUght and 
hasty washing, as applied to clothes ; in relation, as 
would seem, to the froth or suds through which they 
are made to pass, 8.— So. Q, fradjaSt lo froth. Y. 


FREITTY, Fbvitt, a^. 1. Superstitious, 8. 2. Of 

or belougix^ to superstitious ideas or observances, 8. 
FRBLAOS, t. Freedom. DougUu.—Q^rm. frUaU, 

FRELY. Frdy fute, noble woman. Barbour.-'A. 8. 

freoliCt llberalis. Y. Fodb. 
FRELY, t. A beautiful woman ; the a^j. used as a t . 

FRELY, Frbblt, odv. Entirely, & Dwnbar. 
FREM, Febmtt, Febmiitt, Fbambt, a^. 1. Strange ; 

foreign, 8. 2. Acting like a stranger, 8. KMy. 8. 

Having no relation, 8. Buddiman. 4. Unlucky ; 

adverse ; unfriendly. King's Quair.—- A. 8. fresmdL, 

Moes. O./ramotii^'a, peregrinus. 
FREMMITNES8, s. Strangeness.— A. 8. fremdnysse, 

peregrinatus. Maitl. Poems. 
FREM-STSD, part. adj. Left or deserted by one's 

friends, and under the necessi^ of depending on 

strangers for attention, kindness, aid, or service, 

Roxb. — From A. 8. fremd^ or Teut. vremdLf alienus, 

and ftod-en, slstere, or 6e-<ted-en, locare, q. " placed 

among strangers." 
FRENAUGH, t. A crowd. Hogg. 
FRENGH-GOWS, «. pi. Perhaps gaMze, Watson. 
FREND, FaiBXD, t. 1. A relation, 6. Wyntown. 2. 

One allied by marriage, 8. Kelly.^Sa. G. fraende^ 

a kinsman. 
FRENYIE, t. A fringe. 8. P. Bepr.^Tent. frengie, 

To FRENYIE, v. a. To fringe. 
FRENI8HEN, s. A stoto of mental confusion. Y. 


To FRENN, V. n. To lage, Ang. 
FRENNISIN, s. Rage, Aug.— Fr. p^renesie. 
FRENSCHE LEID. Probably black lead. 
FRENSGHLY, adv. Frankly. Douglas. 
FRENSWM, adj. Friendly. Wyntown. 
To FREQUENT, v. a. To acquaint, Aug. 
FREQUENT, adj. Oreat; as denoting concourse. 

FREQUENTLY, adv. Numerously. BaUUe. 
FRER, Fbiseb, Fr., t. A Friar. Wyntown. 
FRERIS, s. A friary, or convent of friarn. 
FRESH, a4j. 1. Open ; opposed to frosty, 8. Sir J. 

Sinclair. 2. In a state of sobriety ; opposed to that 

of intoxication, 8. " Ye needoa speak to him when 

he's/oio ; wait till he be fresh,** 8. 
FRESH, s. I. An open day ; open weather ; not a 

frost, 8. B. 2 A thaw, Aberd. 3. A slight flood in 

a river, 8. Law Ccue. 
FRESH WATER MUSCLE. Pearl Mussel, 8. B. Mya 

margaritifera, Linn. 
FRESIT, part. pa. Perhaps wrought like friese. 
FRESON, s. A Frisic steed. Sir Gawan.—Vt.frison. 
To FREST, Frbstiii. Y. Fbiist. 
FREST, s. Delay. Barbour.— ^M. G. frest, temporis 

To FRET, V. a. To devour; to eat ravenously. 

Douglas.— k. ^fretran, 
FRET, s. A superstition. Y. Frbit. 
FRETCH, s. A flaw, Roxb.— Old Teut. traei, intei^ 

trifro, a galling ; Su. Q.fratt'O, terere, rodere. 
FRETS, «. Perhaps a large ring, or a hoop. 


•, 3. tk . 

Pal, i/im.— Bi. a./rvtm. tltmbUti. 
FHBVOI.L, adi. "■ ■ 
rnHWAJ.L, tnKW 
S. UHd In Ui. 
IHKWP. t. Perhi|>i, mpprrf. Smbrtf. 
rURZKLL, 1. An lioD tuirumwi hr ililklng An. 

rilY, 1. A (umiilt, S. B. /Vdy, E, K-a. 
VKIAH^KATX, I. Tbs Atrp-uoinl tte^. Vlnli or 

Fonh. jvew. 

To rKIBULH, ■. a. Td ItIbIe. Arn— Teal, /wvj, 

mi[iu ; frtfl-tti, inniirtxn- 
VKtCKSOMB. <t4. Tklo; tluiUng. AMnl, 

FRIENDS, rafre/ricwli wKAmt, t8«>ttl!>lildlDin. 
ilgnirfliif, U) U CD «gnl iimu irtib voo. tnur xiDig 
iimfliDnce ar drifRB of uunwAlty ; a^ /'a frfenJM 

/rimJt «a yiHi, I >n dlipltued ai ja*; ra Ik 


faiQOIS, Petlil|H. ii.AfM. il 

rKlOULK-rKAOOLBS, I. frf. Toft 
«(*•; utwa luBil ID dcBute itin 
kyti. Curr- fitni F^pslt-Jbcfit- 

FBIJl-rRAM. 1. Tillli. iVoft. £'»«. 
roVHTSK.' •>■ To mi tniB lU-lH 


FRT.SIN, I, TbcKIot trrlUng, Ifeld.— pTriuia from 

111 /rji-ta. frfc-ta. arfcit. npntivf, yUlpenfl»M ; 

Tg rillSr. *. u. 1. Tg d>^li>T. AtMc^Cwd. t. Ta 


ifi. HDib. Fonuipi a 
1. 1, r. tor all Uul. V. 

FBVTHlNB-riN, «, rrjSn^pm. Jat «. 
rKIFTB, •- P<rbap% inucUsa. BamlaU. — 0>m- 

n FBITriLB, ■. a. To aannl : W iM aiMi. Frm 
Fr A*«l*' Mialout. «41mlni. 

FBJZU^ t I. The atacl H*d foi lalkla* Si* bj 
Btani of a aint. Bab. I. The IianinH irf a gun » 
Iiiinl. IMd -dpiiaRBilir csit, riua Fi ^nl. 


« nUk. S B. ITawM 
• FBOCK. 1. A BR M 

L C«(l.— U fmttU. Id. 

Ballani, oCtea Ei 
4A(Td.— Ttali ii 
FBOCK. 1. A l» 

IliB Hi a (hln, S. 

dlitlBtial Alng UM dlOtr- 

(Bi vai[>«auaiB<iiiBeiilaa|damli^0AtitnK^ 

ATiil-rnK*. fVn ^VuA, Alxi4. V. f ir-.ton. 
FBODV. «(f. Kaa/rait. Lyndng. 
FBUB.i. FnUi. S. 0. i /Yak, KoIK. PirtMraall 

uUaa.».frai>i,lsl. Daa./iv, mbkb. la to. 

0. Ibr /ma li lappMid W hart lu naiBa /iw 

nOQ.l. A> 

FBUICHFU*, (rvU.) ailf. IXaoi 
nlloD. Ajn. ; (tuteuijj alllEd I 

FWiNB, 'i A .llnr, Ajn-d't/j 
r- FttuNT. .. H. *i.plliia tu mci 

FRO.VTAIA I. 1. PrrbilK Ibe < 

■I iBUrrati. Ant^ 

ToFBUST. ta. L 9N>IB]iinkrrnul;u, "llitiwa- 

n> FRO!iT, • a. To b«im< tnatbltkim. B. JVndtl, 

riUlL-NatT. pan. po. Wrmtttd. i/«iT7KM.— Fi. 

FBUW. >. A I1I9I7 (rBuTr. H. JVrw, «D Idlt. dirt; 
innuaii. Nftilh. Giu«.— Oub. /ra". Uclf. nw, 

FHOWDIE,!. A)>i(liiH]r«aMB.& B.-9*./>W>^, 

FBOWVIE. Faovii 
"mm, Aug.— Sn 

FBUCT, t. Incffuc ; bnlL— Fi./VvM, UL/rvO-w. 
FBUCTTOUS, ddi. FmUtaL «h«m 
FBUE94)UB, ckO'- CoalK-lsokUic ; trMn^. : 

FKt^MtlT. ta 

niKtmlj (dM or gaihcnaf In wf 

B. To enu.;l<) crttmtdc, t;f9. 

. T« nil : w vliiiM, Baib. IVbL 

Tr./rvn^Mr it/*wa, U- 

. FDckfFnl latnU -Pr/n-A 

miaijrWW-W./ymH.D', " U {BlbB, {llal^ 

ipli. rruapla,- Cstirt. 
FRCKTEK, r«.«Tia, > A nc la hir lOanh ftai.— 
A- 8. ^4vu itiafra, ^Bdnvuua— " 

r. FmuTT. a^. 1. Fnt la ■anan. 
u. 1. tlialiliT-ltaluac ; ha<Ui( Du 
nr httltk. Eluiui— Fr. ifrmii, r 

. - - . tf„^f„ J YO 

~ . J. ta » 

. Ait-v. a. K U 




YBITBCH, Vbcbr, oc^*. 1. Brittle, fl. Mintt. Bord. 
2. Dry ; cnunbUng ; applied to soil, Boxb. 3. Uiied 
to expreis the f ragilitf of the hmiuui f rune, espe- 
daUy in chUdhood. (ToU.— Teat, brooteh, fn^ilis. 

FRUSCH, t. Breaking. Barbour. 

FBUSH, a^ Frank, forward. Skinner. 

FRUSHNBSS, t. BritUeness ; applied to plants, wood, 
Ac.. 8. 

To FRUSTIR, V. a. To render useless. Dunbar. — 
Tr./nutr-er, id. 

FRIJ8T1R, m4j. 1. Frustrated. WaUace. 2. Vain ; 
empty. Jhmbar. 

FIT, t. A firiot y. Few, and Full, «. 

FT?, adv, Pron. of How, In Aberd. and other northern 
coanties. Skinner. 

To FUD, V. n. To scud ; to whisk, Aberd. pronuncia- 
tion of Quhidt q. T. 

FUD, Fuos, t. 1. The matrix. WaUaee.—JL. 8. 
/oO, Isl. fud, id. 2. The backside, 8. B. Bitson. 
8. A hare or rabbit's brush, 8. Burnt, 4. Lodl- 
cnmsly used to denote the buttodcs of a man. Tarroi. 
6. A queue, or the hair tied behind. Loth. 

FUDDER, FuDBft, FoTBra, Fonua, Fii>dib, t. 1. A 
larfie quantity ; a cart-load. Barbour. 2. A certain 
weight of lead. Skene. 8. A great number. Ckr. 
Kirk. i. Equiralent to E. pack, a confvdexacy ; 
and like this term, which primarily signifies a 
bundle, load, Ac. N. Bume.—'A. B. foiher, a wain- 

FUDDER, t. Lightning. Burd.—Vr. foudre, id. ; 
lA.fudr, calor, and/iiclr-a, flagrare, to blaze. 

To FUDDER, v. n. To more precipitately, Aberd. 

FUDDER, «. 1. A gust of wind ; a fluny, Aberd. 2. 
The shock, impulse or resistance, occasioned by a 
blustering wind, ibid. 8. Impetuous motion ; rspid 
force. Skinner. 4. A sudden noise of any kind ; 
as, "The tod ran "by wi' a fodder," Aberd. 6. A 
stroke or blow, Buchan.— Pertiaps a prorincial pro- 
nu nciation of Quhidder, a whixsing noise, q. r. 

FUDDT, «. The bottom of a com-kill ; the kill faddy, 
Ab erd. — Probably from Fud, t. sense 2. 

FUDDT, i. A deslgnaUon giren to the wind, AbenS. 
Poems Buokan Dial.— Isl. fud-r, motos, or hwida, 

FUDDIE, t. A hare, Aberd. BanflTs. Y. Whiddis. 

FUDDIE-HEN, t. A hen without a tail, or with a 
rery short one, Aug. 

FUDDUM, t. Drift at interrals, Ang. 

FUDOEL, adj. Fat, squat, and plump. JJercTs CoU. 


FUDGIB, a4j. Gross, Loth. V. Fodosl. 

FUDINO, part. adj. Gamesome ; frislcy ; engaged in 
sport ; as, " The lambs were fvdin about their 
mother," South of fi.— Periiaps from C. B. fvod, a 
quick motion. 

To FUER, t>. a. To conduct a body of troops. Jfonro's 
Expfd. V. Fumx, v. 

To FUF, Pcrr, v. n. 1. To blow ; to pulT, S. Douglas. 
2. Applied to a cat when she makes a puffing sound, 
or spits at one, 8.— Genn. pfvffen, to blow. 

TbTUFF, V. a. To blow intcrmlttcDtly, 8. Bum$. 

FUFP, «. 1. A blast, 8. ; synon. with Puff, E. Lind- 
iay. 2. A sound emitted, resembling a blast of 
wind, 8. Tarrat. 3. Used to express the sound of 
powder, not in a confined state, when ignited, 8. 
SilUr Gun. 4. A sudden burst of passion, Fife. b. 
Metaph. transferred to the first onset of a lusty per- 
son. '* The tiT9ifuff of a fkt haggis is the worst.** 

FUFF, inUrj. Ezpretilre of dl— tlifbotloQ. Tarroi. 
— E. Pshaw. 

FUFFAR8, t. pi. BeUows, Ang. 

PUFFIN, t. A puffing, 8. 

PUFFING, «. 1. The noise made by a cat when she 
q>its, 8. 2. To sniff, as ooivjoined with Greet ; to 
make a noise through the nostrils when one is about 
to cry, Ettr. For. Hog§. 

To FUFFLE, v. a. To put dress or any thing in disor- 
der, 8.— Isl. fipia, contrectare. 

FUFFLE, s. Fuss ; Tlolent exertion. Hogg, « 

FUFFLE-DADDIE, t. A foster-father, Fife. One who 
plays the feol with a child by indulgence.—- I8l.>{/l-€h 

FUG, J. Moss, Ayrs. Fog, 8. Pideen, 

FUGE, t. Perhaps a kind of pick-axe. K. Hart.~ 
Wr.fouaige, id. 

FUGE, FuoiB, a4j. FngitiTe. Douglat. 

FUG£, Fuois, t, 1. A fugitive, 8. Poemi Buchan 
Dial. 2. One who flies firom the fight, 8. Brand, 

FUGGY, adj. Mossy, ibid. A. Wilton, 

FUGIE WARRANT. A warrant granted to appre- 
hend a debtor, against whom it is sworn that he de« 
aigns to fly, in order to avoid payment, or that ho is 
in meditatione/^ae, 8. Anti^tary. 

FUGITOUR, t. AfugiUve ; l^i. fuoUor. 

To FUILTIS, o. a. To " get the better o^" GL Aberd. 
Skinner. — Hr.foyi-er, to press, oppress. 'Bi.foU. 

FUILTEAGHS, t. pi. The detdgaation giren to the 
two weeks preceding, and the two following, Candle- 

To FUYN, V. n. Apparently the aame with £. foin ; 

to push in fencing. Douglat, 
FUIR, t. The aet of carrying, or as much as is carried 

at a time. Keith. 
FUIR-NIGHT, Fuiu-noBT. Far in the night.— A. 8. 

forth-niktet, noctc longe provecta. V. Foks-dats. 
FUISH, prtt. Fetched, & Bote. 
FUISUEN, FrsHur, part. pa. Fetched, South of 8. 

FUISS£S,irf. Ditches. AcUCha.I.^0. Vt.foutteit; 

foss^, retranchement ; Lat./owa ; Roquefort. 
FUIST, «. A fusty smell, 8. 

To FUIST, V. n. To acquire a fusty amell, 8. Whence, 
FUISTIT, part, adj. Fusty, 8. 
FULE, adj. Foolish; as, FuU thing; foolir.h creature, 8. 
To FULE, V. n. To play the fool. Barbour, — Goth. 

/ol. Su. Q.JiM, fatuus; C. B.ffol, Vv.fol, 
FULEGE, a4j. Foolish. Keith. 
FULEGENES, «. Foolishness, ib. 
PULE-THING, Fooi^-thiko, t. A foolish creature; 

often used of silly, giddy, or coquettish females, 8. 

Herd: t CoU, 
* To FULFILL, v. «. To complete ; to fill up. Bell- 
end, T. Lin. 
PULTE, t. 1. A leaf. Douglat. 2. Leaf gold, 8. 

Gawanand Ool. — Wx.feuUle, id. 
PULTEAR, t. One who pollutes. BeUend, 
To FULYIE, «. a To defile. Bellenden. 
FULYIE,«. 1. The dung of a town, & Act. Sedl. 2. 

Transferred to manure. Kelly. 
PULL, t. A firiot or bushel of grain, South of & Stat. 

Ace. V. Poc, Few. 
FULLELY, FcLLTLT, adv. Fully. Barb. 
PULLYERY, t. Leared work. Palice Honor.— Vr. 

fueiU-er, to foliate. 
FL^LIT, part. pa. Fulfilled.— Hoes. G. fuU-jan ; 

Teut. vull-en, implere. 
FULMAR, f. A species of petrel. Martin. 


FTL 216 

* fTTA'^VF. «<•' Af^ltal t» ik« ftunw^ v^a 4««r^ •■ TTSL pr»e. I. Ta;. VibLsac S. WvtA ; vith fespect 

; YTKLFK f r«A '^R^-. « ^-wih». .>iv>*.» r:%C. t. v-w--*vs.~LiC ^wa, iL T. Pit. 

S-iVHx Jtv. 

. F\"XMttA ^irnvjk > jri.. A ikV«Lqp« &r a h-p. r» mx • *. I T? arrr. ji.-a J^ HI. 2. To 
AV<*t .vQcar^ SwCa^sieu — sc «-■ Jmt-^ u e&rrj, to 

K~>.\7¥rs«(> K'^vw'^jvli JKml T 'arKsvft]& ms. tt-s.' fani vaz. Vj^wm.—A. 5.ybr. 

r^ r.~S?T rr«Tr t %. r* V«raw «eir w5;i ci-vL rriLT. * r.-a ^-s^t ^- ?•«. T. Fixt. 

•»r •»« — i.i«i^r.' f. ■•■•- -^ .-1. ■ 5 . ;ia -iii*-. — "- — ^ .- .^ 

FT'VvT^ . ■>» t^B' ^-^^ ^ f Ik."*- • "•■* i-' ' TT" •;!,"■*.■ > . -. •;.-■ -■ -i^- ■ -.— .».•. 

■^ ^ 




FURTHOASTIKO, f. Igfctlon. Act Audit, 

To FUBTHBYBT, «. a. To pour out 8. P. Bepr,^ 

A. 8. forthri^toi^n^ profuodere. 
FUBTHVILLINO, t. FnUUUng. Aberd. RtO. 
FURTHT, adj. 1. Forward. Sir Sgeir. 2. Frank ; 

afllAble, 8. Saaeon and Cfo/d, 8. Unabashed. A, 

IkmoloM. Y. FoETHT, adj. 
FURTHIUS, od^. Frankly ; irithont rcterre, 8. 
FURTHIME88, «. 1. Franknen ; affability, 8. 2. 

An excess of frankness, approaching to giddiness, in 

the female character. Durham, 
FUBTH OF, prtp. Oat of ; in a state of deviation 

from. KtiMt A pp. 
FURTH-PUTTINO, t. 1. Diffusion ; general distn*bu- 

iion. AcU Ja, IV, %. lyecUon ; expulsion. Aberd. 

To FURTH-RUN, «. ii. To expire ; to cUpse. Ktitk. 
To FURTH8CHAW, «. «k To manifest. Crotra- 

To FUBTH8BT, o. a. To e^iblt ; to display ; eonrey- 

Ing the idea of splendour. AeU Jo. VI. 
FURTH8STTER, «. A publisher; sometlnieB an 

author, Ayrs. 
FURTHTAKING, «. The act of liberating firom con- 

flnement. Act Audit. 
FURTH-THS^AIT. Fair furth Oe gait; honesUy, 

without prerarication, or concealment of the truth ; 

q. holding a straight-forw&rd coarse, 8. B. 
FU80AMBULUS, adj. MdvOUt XHory.— Evidently 

an error from Lat. funambulutf a rope^ancer, from 

fimfs a rope, and ambul-iire, to walk. 
PUSH, pret v. Fetched. Ramsay. 
PU8HI0AD, FtobicaMm, t. A foolish term, used as 

an apology when the name of any thing or person is 

forgotten, or is pretended to be forgotten ; or delicacy 

forbids it to be named, 8. The flr^ is a corruption 

of How tkail I call it ; the second of Bow »haU I 

FUSHLOCH, (ffutt.) f. The waste of straw about a 

bam-yard. Upper Ward of Lanarics.— Teut/uOeZ-^, 

agitare ; IsL /y«-a, flare, q. what is driven about by 

the wind. 

FU8HT, interj. Hush, tush, 8. B.; synon. with Wkithti 

wK being changed by provincial usage into/. 
FU8IX, t. A ditch ; corr. from Vr./om, AeU Jo. VI. 
FU8I0NLE88, a4j. V. Foisovlibs. 
Td FUSLB, V, a. To whistle. 
FU8LB, t. A whistle. 
FU8LIN', part. adj. Trifling ; synon. Powtlin\ Fife. 

— Tuet /uttd-eHt nugari, frivola agere. The v. to 

Fi$de seems radically the same. 
FUST, adj. Perhaps, at rest Bannatyne Poems. 
J'USTIB, Fusrrr, ofUj. Musty ; •* a fuHU smell ,*" % 

mouldy smell, 8. Futtit is merely the part pa. of 

the B. V. to Fustt according to our pronunciation. 
FUTE-ALB, t. An entertainment given when a woman 

first gets out of bed, after childbirth. Pron. >l^aZe, 

FUTEBAND, Futbahd, «. Infantry. Pinkerton*t 

FUTEBROD, «. A footstool, 8.— Moes. O. /oeoftord, id. 
FUTE HATB, Furs Hotb. 1. Straightway ; a term 

borrowed from the chase, q. hotfoot. Barbour. 2. 

Closely ; accurately. DougUu. 8. Denoting proxi- 

mi^ of place. Dougla*, 
FUTFAILL, FuTTKLL, Fittbal, t. A species of dressed 

skin formerly exported from Scotland. FootfaUt^ I 

am informed, are the skins of those lambs that have 

died soon after they were dropped ; perhaps q. fatUn 

at the dam's/oo<. T. Scoeliko. 
FUTFAIL, Fytwall, adj. Of or belonging to the 

skins described above. Aberdeen Beg. 
FUTHIR, «. The whisxing sound caused by quick 

motion, Aberd. Budd. vo. Quhidder, t, 
FUTIB, ad^j. Mean, 8. T. Fodtt. 
FUTIT, part. pa. Perhaps q. footed, i. e. set on foot 

^ct Z^oia. Cone. 
FUTITH, FuTOTH, FooTiTB, FuTTiTH, «. 1. Bustle ,* 

packer ; as, ** In a sad futithf* in a great bustle, 

Dumf. 2. A riot ; as, " There was a great futoth at 

the fair," Roxb. 8. An awkward predicament; a 

dilemma; as, " He was in an rmco^ith," 
FUZZY, adj. Making a hissing or bussing noise, 

Buchan. Tarrat, Y. Fiu, 


The letter G in Gael, has generally the sound of Or. 
Kawwa I although there is no such letter in the 
OaeL alphabet as K. 

To 6 A, Oas, T.n. 1. To go ; used in a general sense, 
8. 2. To walk ; to use the limbs, 8. Wallaee.—A. 
8. po-fi, IsL go, id. 8. To Gae again, v. n. Frost 
is said to gae again, when, after appearing in the 
form of hoar-frost in the morning, it dissolves before 
the influence of the sun can affect it Lanarlcs. 
Tweedd. 4. To Gae doton, v. n. to be hanged. 
Mintt. Bord. 5. To Gae in, to shrink ; to contract 
8. 0. To Gae i* f loa, to break over ; to snap ; to 
divide into two pieces, 8. 7. To Gae out, v. n. to go 
on a warlike expedition ; to appear in arms ; as 
** He gaed ou< in the Forty-five," 8. 8. To Gae out, 
to frequent balls, merry-meetings, Ac. Boxb.— A. S. 
ut-gorn, exlre. Y. Octter. 9. To Gae one's gait, 
to depart 8. 10. To Gae or Gang outre, to transcend ; 
as, ** That gaes owre me," it surpasses my ability, 8. 
B. 11. To Gae <xr Gang owrt a brig, to cross a 

bridge, 8. 12. To Gae throw, to bangle, 8. 13. To 
Gae throw, to waste, 8. 14. To Gae, or Gang, to the 
bent, to abscond, Clydes. 15. To Gae with, to go to 
wreck, 8. 16. To Gae or Gang up the gait, v. n. To 
die ; to go to wreck ; a phrase slightly ludicrous, 

GAADTS, s. pi. Meaning uncertain. *■ It sets you 
well to slaver, you let such gaadys, (gawdi* ?) fall," S. 
Prov. ; ironically signifying, that what he is saying, 
or doing, is too assuming for him, N. 

GAAR, Garr, g. I. Vegetable substance in the bed of 
a river, 8 B. 2. Rheum from the eyes, when 
hardened, S. B.— A. 8. gar, coenum. 

GAB, #. 1. The mouth, 8. Bameay. 2. The taste, 
S. BamKLy. — Ir. gob. 

To Stibk thb Gab. To be silent, Aberdeenshire. 

To GAB, V. n. 1. To mock. Barbour. 2. To prate, 
8. Sir J. Sinclair. 8. It is sometimes used in- 
definitely, as signifying to speak, 8. B. Skinner, — 
Isl. gaJbb^ A. 8. gabb-en, dexidere. 




GAB,«. 1. Frati^^a S. XBlHtyBlafeoa:vHmtta^|GJlB4K)WH,eo-9ovx,c I. 1km met 9i matkmiag, 
a. Bmnu. I & ^ 91^ mt^tmm, a kca appe<ilc^ B. S. A 

GAB»«. Tke miM fiTM to tke k«Qk, ea vWcb pete I fvofiar or diialdaf aMd^ flL Gqrir« 

are hm^ at tke ood of tkal chaia called tke Ormt, 
ClT^des.— C. B. f«^ vkat al^^ or bean ap^ 
GASBJLST,t. **neMMitkfyiorfeod«luckaMrdit 

oawyii^ f» iU yeig.* GL ^aMf 
GABBKDi,o^\ 1. Laqaadov, & Bw 

& S. FaoMd tkro^gk (be aoaib ; ; Tm-flim 

GAF. Gatv, 

GAC-THBOUGH, «. A ficat 

GAC-TO^t. 1. Abfsslar 

1. A 

Tb GABBSK. r. «. T» Jabber. 
GABBSB. «. A piater ; «m wba U loq 

id. r« GAFF. V. m. To talk Inailf 
and, GAFF. «. A 

, r» GAFFAW, V. m. To 
! Gawf. 

mbcr iBpodcnt ia OMrenatieik Clydes. & Bl 
GABBT. «0*. 1. HaTi^ Booh? of i|icecb. & 

IM. 2. Loq«acaow;cteK7. 3. S^MmmmiGmeL . GAFFAW. a. A 
GABBIX-LABBIB. t. -* Owfased alkiav ; ifce way ' GAFFIB, «. A 

ia vbkb w tbak fortjraen tilb vbea w« 

tb<irlu««««.* CatLJUcyd. T.KKBBta-UBBU.r. GAFFOL-ULXBl «. 1. 
GABBING. 4L 1. lloek«7. Jailiw. 1. Jccnacr ± Al» 

lailkty. Hw^at.— A. & 
GABBIT.a. A ftiKMiaf. &> 

. T. 

Ik GAGOfTX. OL a. T» 
& JUL— a Fr. 



«. A 
«. A fBfk. ra^ : ^voB. vdlk 5Upk & : a& **'a 

A a te^c.-^— CB.tfML#«^aaa|«cnc«; a GAXA 
cueft.acb:aA. GASKS. t. pC. 

GaBl i»lim. il 1. a ml. $. Anw. S. A sfoar G^n. 
XW>aZ. ^ A Idbi^^wL S. A. A A pmL XL GAIG, «l - A »«r «r caeik a 
S^L >. A bar jf wo: ef wteavTCC kJkt &~A. S. <£?o«ch«r.* ^«:. r«7d.— C 
^aai. jtti. «^— '■*** tar; > jiafcm, a cae^ a .-a n<^. a 

imaiL a*JL « 



«rd« T. Jr 

• GL 

irb««^ ob« 

V. «. TW 

?iv*apl ^ Tau ^icM» ami 9*o 
v-^7 V x>7. i^ A $«ai ^K- ikt^:^ «iBBa. ^ 

r>^AB.«tt. f^«ew V^ 


%L\U»a> A^ai. ihiL ?bu»3»XMRi7a 
JK a :fti« ^rtoanoKMB ti v«L r. nal a. (. t. 
-feotT' r> tirJLl*. t^.wx V a^ Ta a:ikf. Boa. T. 
Mi.*^ vAlU ^■^':^ IL ^iiOM. XJ«f4. «K & 

i^.iuvwB. JL : rw It a iM Ji 

t. rW :a.»C> VM> If >BEff SKJR VV 

>%«a:\!rBB ;r^-> *. «k t»> 




QiLYKKBYj-a4}, Past " Intymt gayndty ** Sret^Uu 

GAYNS-COlfBING, GAivcoMuro, «. Beftanii second 

ailTent. Keith's Hist. 
GAIN GEAR. 1. The morlng machinery •«f a mill, 
as distinguished from ttann^ ffraitht L e. ^e fix- 
tures, such as posts, Ac. Fife. 2. The phiase, Oude 
Odin ffeaTf Is used when all the Implements about a 
mill are ffoing weU^ S. 8. Odin gear admits of a 
rtxj opposite sense, when applied to persons. It 
denotes that they are going to wreck, S. 

GAIN.jNiH. Going. 

GAIXGO, s. Human ordure, Ayrs. ; the same erith 
Otinfff q. T. 

GAYNIS,^. Perhaps gaiety. MaUi.P. 

To GAINTER, jo. n. To use conceited airs and ges- 
inres.; GainUrin\ Jiaring the appearance of assum< 
Ing conceited airs, 17pp. Clydes. T. Gaindxb, v. 

OAINTXBER, t. One who puts on conceited airs, 
ihid. — IsL tfOMt-Ot lodiflcare, scnrrare, to act the 
buffoon ; gant-c, scum ; morio, fiituus ; Su. G. 
4fant-iu^ pueriliter ludere, aut 4xi jBolent amantes ; 
ganterif facetiae, ludus. 

4}AIB, GAas, «. 1. A triangular j;>iece of cloth in- 
serted at the bottom of a shift or robe, S. Also Gwt. 
Henrysone, 2. A slip of tender, fertile grass in 
a barren situation, 8. A. Gl. Slbb. 8. The term 
is used to denote any thing xesembling a strip 
or streak ; as, a blue gair in a clouded sky, (synon. 
^ore^) a red gair in a clear sky, Rozb. 4. A 
loogitudisal stain ; a stain resembling a stripe or 
«treak, Fife. fi. A crease in cloth, Loth.; perhaps 
from the resemblance of folds or creases to pieces in- 
serted. — Isl. getTt segmentum pannl figura triquetra. 

GAIR, adj. Keen ; covetous,^.; the same with Oare^ 
^.^. Sir A. Wylie, [tone. 

GaIBDONE, «. Perhaps for guerdon, reward. Henry- 

G AIRED, Guar, adj. 1. Having streaks of different 
colours, S. Jl gairy cow, or a gaired ouaey a cow or 
ox thus streaked. 2. Applied to ground. The rigs 
.«re said to be gair'd, when the snow is melted on the 
top of a ridge, and lying in the furrow, Fife. 

GAIRFISH, «. The Porpoise, Ang. Statist. Aoc 

QAIRIE-BEE, GAiaocK, «. So called from its black 
and yellow streaks. Apis terrestris, S. 

GAIS, imferat. of &a, to go. Wyntoum. 

GAIS, «. Gause. InvesUcries.—Vr. gasc, *' cushion 
canrass ; also, the sleight stuffe, tiffany," Cotgr. 

OAIfiHON, «. 1. A skeleton ; ^ hobgoblin, Stirlings. 
Dumfr. Hogg. 2. An obstacle or impediment, Fife. 
Hence, ill-jfaishon'd, mischievously disposed, ibid. 

G AISLIN, s. A young goose, S. Ferguson. — Su. G. 
gaaslinot id. 

GAIST, Gauw, Gist, «. 1. The soul. Wyniovm. 2. 
A ghost, S. Douglas. 8. A piece of dead coal, S. — 
A. 8. gaste, Belg. gkeest, a ghost. 

GAISTCOAL, «. "A coal, that, when it is burned, 
becomes white." Gall. Enoyd. 

GAIT, Gats. «. 1. A way, S. WaV^toe. 2. An indefi- 
nite space. Wallace. 3. A street, S. Burel. — 
8u. G. goto, id. 4. A warlike expedition. Gatoan 
and Got. 6. As an adv. Sa gat, so ; How gats, in 
what manner ; Thus gatis, after this manner ; Mony 
gcUis, in various ways. 6. To Tak the Gait, to de- 
part ; to run away ; also to begin to walk out, S. 7. 
Ta Had the Gait, to prosper. Gl. Ramsay. 8. To 
Gang one's Gait, to go one's way, Ben Jonson. 9. 
To (To or Gang to (he Gait, to go to wreck. Michael 
Brwois LeOura. — Su. G. Isl. gcUa, semita, via. 

A Gattward, adv. Directly an one's way. Bawsor 

tywfs Jowmal. {gatt id* 

GAIT, s. A goat, 8. JZoiiway.— Su. G. get, A. S. 
To GAIT, V. a. To set up sheaves on end, 8. B.— Isl. 

gai, foramen, galt-a, perforare. 
GAIT-BERRY, «. Given «s an old name for the 

bramble-berry, Tevlotd.— Perhaps from 8. gaitt A. 8. 

gat, Su. G. g^ a goat 
GAITER-TREE, s. An old name given lo the bramble, 

GAITEWUSS. Street a^acent. Ab. Reg. 
GAITGLYDI8. MaiU.P, V. Gltdi. 
GAITIN, Gatiho, s. 1. a setting up of sheaves 

singly on their ends to dry, 8. B. Agr, Swv. Caithn. * 

2. A shock of com thus set up, Roxb. 
GAITIT, part, adj. Accustomed, or broken in, to the 

gait or road, S. T. #Atv. 
GAITLING, Gttliko, «. An infant, S. Ra-msay. 

V. Grr. 
GAITLINS, prep. Tontards, 8. B. *'GatdinSj the 

way to." Gl. Shirrefs. 
GAITSMAN, Gaitismax, «. One employed in a coal- 
pit for making the passages. Acts Cha. I, 
To GAIYEL, V. n. 1. To stare wildly ; most commonly 

used in the part pr. GaiveUin\ Roxb. It seems 

radically the aame with " Otmve, to stare about like 

a fod. Gdt, to hold up the eyes and face. — A. Bor. 

Grose ; and 8. Goif, Chne, Ac. q. v. 2. To toss the 

head upwards and downwvuds, «■ aiaorse that needs 

a martingale. Loth. 
GAKIE, «. Yenus mercesaria, a shell. Sibb. 
JoGALAY, «. n. To reel. Bartfour^ 
GALAY, s. " A kind of great gun ; O.Fr. wcdes." Lynd- 

say^s Ep. Nunoup, Works. 
To GALASH, «. a. To mend sboesfcy a band round the 

fore part of the upper leather. 8.— Undoubtedly allied 

to Fr. aolodke, a wooden shoe. 
GALATIANS, A play«mong boys who go about 

in the evenings, at the end of the year, dressed in 

paper caps, and sashes, with wooden swords, singing 

and reciting At 4he doors of houses, Glasgow ; synon. 

GALBEBT, s. "A manUe : Fr. gabartf gabardine.** 

O. E. gabardine. Gl. Lyndsay. 
GALCOTT, Gklcoit, s. *' Ane new sark, ane gaJcott 

it ane pare of schone." Aberd. Y. 10. ** An gelcoit of 

quhit tertane." ibid. Y. 20. Perhaps a Jacket is meant 
GALDEIS, s. pi. ** Item, ane pair of beidis of raisit 

wark with poideiff of aget" Inventories. This seems 

to denote the smaller kind of beads which are placed 

between the larger ones in a rosary. Y. Gacdbis. 
GALDEIT, part. pa. having small globes or gaudeis, 

" Item, ane pair of beidis of Jaspe galdeit with gold. 

GALDOL^YLD, «. 1. Given as a term, in some old 

deeds, denoting the payment of tribute, Teviotd. 2. 

ExpL as also signifying usury, ibid.— This may be a 

corruption of A. 8. gafcl-gyld, census ; item, usuia. 

But perhaps the term may be from Dan. giaelld, Isl. 

giald, which signify money, also debt, and gUdCf 

duty, impost 
GALDRAGON, s. As this designation is given to a 

pretended dbyl, or prophetess, it may be allied to 

Isl. galldra-kowi, venefica, saga, from galdur, in- 

caatatio, and bona, foemina. 
GALDROCH, s. "A greedy, long-necked, ill-shaped 

person." Gall. EncyeL. This might seem to be 

compounded of Isl. gaUit vitinm, naevus, and drocft. 





gale; f. A §aU ^f§m$ey a flock of free«e, Teriotd. 

This It said to be a rtxj audent phiaas.— laL §mcl 

rignifles polios anserioos^ a fodiof , aad migfat be 

tmBsftered to a brood of jooof iceese. 
fb GALI, Gail. v. a. Applied to the note of the 

ooekoo. Anifiac.— 80. G. foi «, to tiog ; Dan. 

fat-«r, to crov. 
GALENTIB. «. A carfl ; a qoibble ; a qolifc. IMI- 
r. Li9, This secsBS to be the ame tena vb!cfa 
in a later age pronoonced Girfiayie, q. t. ; al;M> 

Crolii^wr. aad CrilnnM^* 
OALT.t. **£xpl.Kel;abbreT.or <;«ll«^r<aqoick 

danw." GL &bbw 
GALTAETLIX, air. In a sprightly manner. XyaJ- 

Q ALTEABIK GAtUAin. oi^*. 1. Speiichtlj. Ikmgia». 
i. Wanton. IKmgUt^^tr, foOJonC^ id. ; A. S. 9^1. 

To GALYIS. GjkU.Tix, v. a. lb roar : to bcavl, Ang. I 

— ^L G. pMi-'-o. Ul. fioU-Ok to Twifcrate. 

G ALYIIL Galltxk. Gklui, t. A ctjift dUpkasare. 
Ai^. <;kw^ ^raoo.— ;^tt. O. fOMbf^ TodfecatM. 

GALLICUKR. (#wr.> «. An earvig, C1;4es.; the 
fciw a i ^s'acA of the north of ;9;. 

GALLATNUU «. A Wg; giattcoooa. roihless nan. . 
K*xb«Kf h. Arvwait </ &^4i««dk.-^o<gT. d«£M« , 
Fr ftt^i' a # a> ' ^ ' ji -a aKiii scaSi vhocesco.'' 

G ALLAXIC IL A v(Nn« feUmr. T. Caujx. 

GALLANT. «4^ La.-iEe. & Bl J^mr, lam4. 

Tf GALLANT, r. «l To AiOV astrntNO 10 a fissile : 
t» «Kvct her ftvas p&ac* t» ftece : a&. " I sav Wii- 
lias #iSM.«m.%« n Toocg kdiy.^ 5. Mr. TijiU ^a« 
iBU«rtod th;L» as aa S. veed ta she sasbe seodew firiz^ 
a ii:]^ <xix^«. — Ftvsa the £.«.«). a» fiar ti* 
<«■'■ ' * *: > w H.^ jMf f»* asT. a^pajccan >>»&«■&> . 
i\ Ft. ^MMsa^-«r. ftoro W gaites ; K*)H*c&n. t.v 

Tj G^UANT. f: a. a «rc«agf£3Al tewnaea wV« 
$»il xSki »£>. v>i vtch dw apfxaaaor cf t^hssiod^ 
13 '.^« ccat-«3j c^ssea* lUr. Ajn^ rtrr-zt, Bisc^. 

GAlJL%Xn:^a. a^ r»i ef xnriLa^ a^rae «-.;! 

lb GALLTTANT, ou «. T^ gad aboot Idljr, Teriold. ; 

apparently corr. of GcUmmit w. m. 
GALLIVASTKB« c. A gMWwailing Mtov ; indiiding 

the idea of tallaesa, Aberd.—Probahl7 allied to GaeL 

^faWar, (pnm. golaras), a parasite. 
GALLOGLACH, «. SxpL ** aimov^sarer." JTor- 

rsa'r IFoif. /«.— Perhaps q. fJofragieac, a fighting 

aervant, fkoM fislla, a serraat, and flsar, flgiitf con- 
GALLOnm, s. A fieU-plec« oaed for lapM notion 

against an eneniy in the idd. Ltrd Iiailnaa't Aoc 

GALLOWAY, *. A hocae wA man than fsorteen 

hands high. S. 
GALLOWAT-DTCE; «. a wan hoill fliBly at the 

hoctoai. has ao ^kfcer at ^e top than the length of 

the li^le stones» loosely pUed the «m abore the 

echex. ft. 
GlLLOWdL SL 1. An etersled stalhisi fsr a Tfev, 

Loth. 1. ThRC bcaas elected in a Biaagolar fofBi, 

lor ocighini; £. Syn. goto to . 
GAlXOWSKSw s. pi. Braoes for holiia« 9 the 

GALLOWS^ien. a</. Havi^ a b«a aspaet. or the 

lMhofablacftgoani.S.; EkeS. 

t< ALLAN- WHaLIL s. a a(«KM» tff v^al^ vduk-h tuks» 

d^ Ltf«^» /r Lfcy^ibiTif '"TVcce i> mm wrc .-f 
v^ktr r<rOBftrt:t>i« $» :» ;*vaSMWk w^iril ^it IjAmc- 
si^a ^jcs^ra^h dvat all mI^ms W -JIi« aasM ^it dbf 
fr'-A'ijw ■4iii< : VKasw ;^« »(««ritM a >«e4c d« ^> 

CA*.:JFlS>a«Sw a K. - A 9ftn* a^*h pw» ^ota^:- 

.>wvatr;i^ 4C<Mi^ ' .M^ ^aH l^a^cu 1^:4^ a;p«ar» 
?.* >tf :^f «^y Ht^ruk m* «r«Je- 

Nia.-^ ic jm^ vGnimr. aoii W>^ \'o«^rv cvagriuaan 

■;%'-lit a A >f«4, rsr-A** ▼. ^Tf.-. 
V i-.lSITit ?VX:'at A7¥«.^L.> ft ».).«r «M«t U % 
i*u . '1. vifr^k-nv^ >« a t«ftBKv •'k.c^ v^i^'tx Sr ;« i;< 

, -• >•/»»«. .>*(■«»«» .V*jr^ 

.'■ '- (i^. X'.n^* -«iau-«. ^.laK a .IIb». ^Uuut;^!:?, 

yi i'.:.X.V j. \ Xaw Vmwh tOi M >> L 

GALMOrXX^ Gavocst. s. a 

GALNE& s. Sa£s&nHa far slaaghtcr. JBev. JTiy.— 

r* G AU>rK. V. «k T« )«kh ; an old wsd, Tcriood. 

GALOKX. «L T. Gjuxirra. 

GALt>UL«L f^ezt. T. Gcx^ajL 

n G ALBATnVH. «. a. To feed ilsosos^i, Ayra. T. 


G AU. a A fMag fB^. «hcn taitisiid ; abo G^ 
«^.r«e. Ikm^— ««. G. ^li. 

/UMu-4 t il ' «■** ■ 31 iiaJL 
GAM. «4r> Gs? : i|<rc:T«. J^aL Hmar.-^A, & 

V \X. IL A ^Ntit. 5w BL Zvmtiin, 
^AXTWTH. sa 4s=rm awo. «n«iag sa tkt aotdde 

V All tuSf ifc.5. Mt^. Tvi 
oiouifeinL;^ 'aw£ <rt a ^f.v'a. & & 

^_kXAl£X3LI]: a A ?>:iLS& ?< 

0^XJl<5>: Vn ^a^B^»a«.afe$. 1: sC - Ga^=cT%.* Avrv 

a^ iW^.<— n.j» :j( ^KT^aikiy Art aubc 
am*. I. * 

j.KX3xr & AfftsiiMw jviorfttOL — r^ 

^u^ »> ** u. *p»t «» jj ^e IOC-, '^te Jz^-tenptr sic. A 
jw^ii. -£■'. ft ef 1 nr )v arcutfmi. m u ai aaAe Aie 

'tv'^'^'it ttJMr. 3Eli.v>. ik>4j >>irrdann>. 

n iW H*^ 5(r /•rv.^a. — 3^ 



4w\;f. 41 ' M uia 





QAUTLDXt port. adj. 1. Neglecting work from foollab 
merriment, S. B. 2. Spending time in idle talk, or 
dalliance with joung men, Ang.— Su. 6. gaffla, to 
laugh immoderatelj, or Isl. giamm, hilares facetiae. 

GAMTN, t. Game. Bcarbour.—A. & gamen, id. 

OAMMSBSTSL, «. A foolish girl; sjnon. with 
&a«fc<e, Lanark s. 

GAUMONTS, GiMifoas, «. The feet of an animal; often 
thoae of pigs, lometimes called petit-toa, Boxb. — 
From Fr. jambe, the leg or shank ; whence jamb<m, 
S. gawmcn. 

To GAHMUL, v. a. To gobble up, Fife. 

GAMP, ac^'. Apparently, sportive. Herd. 

To GAMP, V. a. 1. To gape wide. Boxb. 2. To eat 
greedilj ; to deroor ; to gulp, ibid. ; ^non. Gay/p. 
A. Sootes Poems. 

To GAMP, Gaump, v. o. To mock ; to mimic, Ayrs. 
V. GAMr, V. 

GAMP, Gawmp, t. A buffoon, ibid. 

GAMPH, t. An empty fellow, who makes a great 
deal of noisy mirth, Upp. Lanarks. 

To GAMPH, V. n. 1. To make a great deal of noisy 
foolish mirth, ibid. 2. To laugh loudly, Meams. 

GAMPH, «. The act of snatching like a dog, Tweedd. ; 
^non. Hand^ q. t. 

GAMPHXBO), GAWMFBftT, part. adj. Flowery ; be- 
spangled ; adorned, Ayrs. V. GouPHKao. 

GAMPHBELL, «. 1. A fool, Boxb. 2. A presump- 
tuous, forward person. 01. Swrv. Ayn. T. Gom- 


OAN, jiret Began. Barbour. 

GANABIS, «. pi. Ganders. Houlate. 

GANDATS, Gauxdats. The designation given to the 
last fortnight of winter, (the two last weeks of Jan- 
uary), and the first fortnight of spring, Sutherland. 
— Norw. gangdiigene^ denoted the days of Bogation, 
or Perambulation, observed in the tUnes of popery. 
V. Gahooatib. 

To GANDT, V. n. To talk foolishly in a boastingway, 

GANDIBB, «. A vain boaster, ibid. 

GANDYING, «. Foolish boasting language, ibid. 
Ganien^ Banffs. is the corr. of this word, which is 
common over all the north of S. Isl. ganle, scurra, 
morio, ineptus ; gant-Ot ludificare, scurrari ; Su. G. 
ganteri^ ineptise. 

GANDISGOW, 9. A stroke ; also punishment, Shetl. 
Origin uncertain. 

To GANE, Gath, v. n. 1. To be fit. Wallace. 2. 
To belong to. J)ougUu.-^\i.Q. gagn-a^ Isl. gegn-a^ 

To GANE, V. a. 1. To fit, S. 2. To wear with one. 
Ritson. 8. To suffice, S. Jlitut. Border. 

GANE, Gayk, o<0*. 1. ^it ; proper ; useful. Sir THs- 
trem. Oaynext, superl. 2. Near ; applied to a way, 
S. B. Boa. *'Oain, ai^lied to things, is conve- 
nient ; to persons, active, expert ; to a way, near, 
tkort. Used in many parts of England," Ray's Coll. 
Gainer, nearer Lane. Gl. " Oainest way, nearest 
way. North." Grose.— Su. G. gen. utilis ; genwaegf 
via brevier. 

GANE, s. The mouth or thsoat. DougUu.—O. B. 
gen, the mouth. 

GANE-OALLING, Gahcaluho, «. Bevocation; a for- 
ensic term. Acts Mary. 

GANELIE, a4j' Proper ; bec<miing ; decent. Loth.— 
Su. G. gagneligf commodus, utilis. 

GANXNTNG, «. Necessary supply. Lyndi. 

OANEB,*. Gander, 8. Y.Gahaks. 

GANEBTT, pari, pa. Gendered ; engendered. T. 


GANB-TAKING, «. The act of forcibly taking again. 
Aberd. Beg, 

To GANG, Gahoi, Giko, S. B. v. n. 1. To go. Abp. 
HatnUt. 2. To go out, 8. Lyndt. 8. To proceed in 
discourse. Wallace. 4. To walk ; opposed to rid- 
ing, 8. Bots. 5. To pass from one state to another. 
Doug. 6. To proceed in any course of life. Abp. 
HaimUt. 7. 1^ have currency, S. Aeti Jo. IV. 8. 
To be in the state of being used ; to l>e employed in 
work, 8. ActM Ja. VI, 9. To (Jang atoa\ v. n. The 
heart is said to be like to gang awa\ when one is 
near swooning, 8. Bon. 10. To oavo one's gaiit to 
take one's self off, 8. The Pirate. 11. To Gang out 
o' ow^B «e//, to go distracted, Clydes. 12. To Gang 
thegithcTt to be married, 8. Bojm, 18. To Gang to, 
to set; applied to the sun, 8. Hence, GAnr-ro, 
Gavoix-to, of the tun, 8. The setting of the sun, 8. ; 
" or the sone ganing to," before sunset. Aberd. Beg. 
14. To gang to gait, to go abroad. PkHUue. 16. To 
Gang to the gait, to set out on a Journey, 8. B. 
Bon. — A. 8. gangan, from gorn, gaa-n, id. 10. To 
Gang throw, to waste; to expend; conveying the idea 
of carelessness or profusion, 8. V. To Gax Thxow. 
17. To Gang one's wa's, to go away ; to take one's self 
off, 8. ; as, ** Gang your tea's, my man ; " '* He gaed 
his wa's very peaceably," 8. T. Wa's. 18. To &ana 
«of , V. n. To go to wreck; to lose all worth, 8. V. Ga, 
V. sense 6. 10. To Gai^ w^, «. a. (1.) To break 
down ; as a fence, gate, Ac Boxburgh. (2.) To des- 
troy what ought to be preserved ; as, ''The weans are 
gaun tot* the grosets," the children are destroying the 
gooseberries, Boxburgh. Loth. 17pp. Lanarks. Y. 
With, prep. 

GANG, «. 1. A Journey, 8. B. 2. A walk for cattle, 8. 
3. As much as one carries at once, 8. 4. In composi- 
tion, a patege. Throwgang, an alley. 6. The 
channel of a stream, or course in which it is wont to 
run; a term still used by old people, 8. B. 0. Pace; as, 
He hai a gude gang, he goes at a good pace, Perths. 
—A. 8. gang, iter ; Su. G. gaang, itus, actus eundi. 

GANG ABLE, adj. 1. Passable ; applied to a road that 
can be traveUed, Aberd. 2. Tolerable ; like £. paM- 
aUe, ibid. 3. Used in reference to money that has 
currency, ibid. 

G ANG AR, Gkkoxk, t. 1. A walker, 8. B. 2. A pedes- 
trian ; one who travels on foot, as distinguished firom 
one mounted on horsel>ack. Pari. Ja. I. 

GANGABEL, GAHoaxL, «. 1. A stroller, Ang. Dunbar. 
2. A child beginning to walk, Ang. Bou. 8. Metaph. 
a novice. Bou. 

GANGARBIS, s. pi. A cant term for feet. Dunbar. 

GANG-BTE, «. The go-by, 8. Bride of Lammtermoor. 

GANGDAYIS, «. pi. Days of perambulation in BogaUon 
week. BdUnden. — A. S. gang-dagoM, Su. G. gang' 
dagar. V. Gandats. 

To GANGE, Gavhok, v. n. 1. To prate tedioo.sly, 
Moray. 2. To Gaunge, Gaunge up, expl. " to chat 
pertly," Aberd. Y. Gadgs, v. 

GANGIATOBS, «. fl. An erratum. Y. Gauoiatom. 

GANGING, «. Progress. Aberd. Beg. 

GANGING, «. Going. Barbour. 

GANGING FXniTH. Exportation. AcU Ja. VI, 

GANGIN GRAITH. The furniture of a miU which a 
tenant is bound to uphold, 8. 

GANGING GUDES. Moveable goods, 8. 

GANGING PLEA. A permanent or hereditary process 
in a court of law, 8. Antiquary, 



fart. a^. Stixi^Iing. Bubiirgb. Adl- 
i, VignDl ; BtDlUng, 8. D. 

eANtiUEL, OiKUL s4 

BuIbtirEh, air W. &»i 
QANflRKL,!, AchlMIx 

QAHVEILD, Gmrnx.!. A ncoinpiiut. Doaelai.- 
A. 8. ncH, ■fkJD, aod mM-QH, ca ]»/ 

OAKUUf, L Btaodomoniiule. Biant.—lit. vaa-a, [nw 
ecps rue™. 

OANK,!. CnapHUd tniUiU, g. n, Bw. 

OAKS, J. si. Tha Juvi wlibou iwUi. BMbinth— 
AlUed. |ierbi[u, Is Com. ^ww, eau, C. B. ^otoi 
Amor. aenu,lT-Q»t\-a<oti,6iltignitfiogibcmau\h- 

GAXSALD, OUBILL, (. I. A MTun rebokc, S. Ri4<iili 
man. 2. AJncipl. ueqaliiLleuIta"iuilll-utur« 
fffow," Perlbj.— ^ Sui G. ^ai| ogmmil, aod mt-i 

GAKecU,). I. Asutcb; BFpllEdloadog.S. a.TIi 
ul ofgQpiDE*^^^ RoxboripL S^ The pemm wb 
iipulDUJiDiBDneF, lb. 

r<OANBCIl,aiincB. «. n. L UmiAe ■ snUcb will 
Dp(iijBs).S. JaroMUBrlia. (t. Eipl. "Weiurl 
to Mle ;" properlj appUnl loadof. Wirlii. 

OANSELL,L A«Ttre«biHe. S.C.jiiulJi. 

To OANT, aimti, I. B, 1. To !t»wii, S. reKy,— A. f 

0/ eanltlotlu, ■ppnrroll]' ■ 
'or ble^buTclst & ifdpudy. 
ibcU. JttlMin.— Ill, pop-a 

— Teut. pain. 

OAfUS, I. A f»l : ilH Bmyvajna, 

reGAB, QKl^■. 0. l.Taaiwe,B, Banour, 

lone, S. ICynl. — Su. U. pacr-if. uc, e'ioT'ii, 

OAKATITCIllMO.i. Avi'litdU blfb Uiiog. 

OAan, J. 1. A rouDg btio. ade. a. Meiapb. 

«aji^ M 

, jsnaj, lu 

cd bin], Hit. V. Oi»- 


s liAEBEL, B. H. To prodDc« loch k nslK >■]>»■ 

«ed9 rrvm lirt pcEtana scoU^ng ucb ulbfr, Arrs- — 

Ft. earbouil, ■'» burlj-burlj. brjtfihlii tiunbUng," 


ARBCr.LE. 1, A bnll ; tbe nmc vilL G. Gartma. 

Vialmrtili Mary. V. Oumn, » ». 
OAKliKMKI, J. Bewire al Uw iraierl— O. Pr, gari 

it I'tau. V. JoiDtiJiD. 
OARDBNAT. •- ITi»i|<Uin«d. Art, rmui. 
OARDKNSB-g-OABTKNB, I. iA. AniDilo cMoimM, B 
OAKDGHoe, I. Wiidrobf. 9t. ArU Jama VI. 
BABDBTyAHCE, (. A ablDcL DuuImi. 1IU»]k> 
ftir4nr((uU.~»t. (uirit ik liondtt, > tuii- 

, OAHDBVUKT, I. AoOrintl. Inn^arUi. T. Ou. 

flAROKVINH. §. "A blB-brllled bottle." DBmrrSvi. 
Kipl. "« tmanboHle." Aj™. Tiurrirn-H- "Tb- 

OAKSir, a*an, , 

MiniafH, id. 
OaBDI-BAMK, ■. Tie bene at th< 

lur-i Jf iir. Alt. 
OaEDY-OHAIB, I. An ilboa-ch^ 

Tin tim, a. B. rviiiilai gal. 
*rB. B.S. ai^ 
t.Abcrt, AhmI 

QABDV.KOGGAXS, i. pi. Iw potAc oa 

ibr •ran, Abanl. 
OAKDT-PICK. 1. " Ad upRiHoa of nut Am^- 

OAKDIN, 1. A Itrsr: nriul or Dtgbl^paL R,/(ir4te, 

jiinJrt. V. Jatima. 
0ARDIS,t.j4. Tirde, Z><wt>r<u.— A,8.#<iinl,kn>l. 
OARDHAK,!. " A. tarimar 01 Ua^'lbntt]. .Atanl. 

Xep. CDcipUlnnl. 
GARDUXT.I. .AXnl. K.p.— Fulikpi,aiD(*l-nte,q. 

Thftt ffuardi ■■»!£, 
GABDNAP. Jt«rd.Rf0.-Fr.viir<l(>iiin-, "■■>»Ui. 

ring, or circlet ol vlckir. Ac. tet rmiltf » dull u 

me^le Umcv W tare thi Bble-Dloiti troa tajUat,' 

Cotgr, ^ q. a^uardfnr tbe ivipfry. 
GABUBUP. 1. Tbe mat >tik aaricnb, > mttfnte. 

GARE, GiiB, aiti, L Keen. CMplu. 2. Iup4- 
doiij, Beurnw. Jlanray. 3. ranlBooloiu : lucni 

on fokkkngniaaFf ; Ai(tviUitliehc<jaL>lUDaof VMQlu 

hold iStin. Ibld.^ A, S. iraTB, pxpeOllun. 
GARE.t. TheOivat Auk. SibbaliL—ia. ofr. It, 
GARE, I. A iti-lpeoTchiifa. V.GiiL 
GARB^iAlIN, QtUVrOta, aij. Kapaeiaui; fiMdr, 

GABOBUU0C8, a4i. Au 
■I, file. 

In iiipeet lat \i 

QARN'EL,'. A gnumry, Arn. V. Gi 

GABKES3IND. Giu]uiiu, 1. (Iw 
tlDD in drrsi ; parUmUrlj applied lo 

GABN'£T, ArTts-Giain, 

trianatat apptmonuU-" WttUtfbura't t'eoifr. 
OABNISOUN, t. 1. A ginlHO. aviahu. i. A 

bodj Dt aimed meD. f)iHi«lai. 
GAREAY, I. PrrcuiUlDD. PMa fUit>—k. B. 

aeara, ippuilM. 
OABBAIVERV, I, 7M} and riollDg of • UnillaMBt 

kind 1 levtlllDg, Fire.— Thli la evlduiUjcar. fran 
■ ■ " WW. TO, Gitraaasi'vi. 

una. a. a ull eu>ut lellgir, ani 




OABBOWK, f. Aberd, Reg. Hctning donbcfol. 

GAB8AT, t. Apparently the cloth now called fortey. 
AcU Dom, Gme. 

O ARSON, f. An attendant. SirOawan.^VT.oarftmt 
a b oy. 

G ABSTT, t. The reeemblance of an old dike, Orkney. 
— laL gardttOf loou Beplmenti. 

GABSUHMSR, «. CKwaamer. WaUon, 

GAET, OamT, pret, of Gab, Gib. 

GABTANX, Gaibtaih, t, A garter, 8. Ckrcn. 8, P. 
—Gael, gairtein, id. 

T9 GARTAHS, v. a. To bind with a gaiter, 6. 

GABTANS-LSSM, f. A portable loom for wearing 
garters. Mearna. 

GARTEN BERRIES. Bramble berrlei, Gl. Sibb. 

GARTH, s, 1. An endoeore. WaUact. 2. A gai^ 
den. JPimft or. — A. 8. ^eord, need in both senaee. 8. 
In Orkney, garth denotes a heoae and the land attach- 
ed to it. 4. An endosore for catching flah, especially 
■almon. AeU Jamet VI. It is also nsed in compo- 
sltioD. y. FisoBOAmTBi, and YAia. 

GARY IB, f. The sprat, a fish, 8. SibUid. (Tarvocfc, 

GARWHOUNGLE, t. 1. The noise made by the bit- 
tern, when it rises from the bog, Ayrs. 2. Trans- 
ferred to the clash of tongues, ibid. 

GASCROMH, t. An instrument of a semi-drcolar 
form, resembling a cnrriei's knife, with a crooked 
handle fixed In the middle; used for trenching 
ground, Snthexl ; properly CosctmU.— Gael. ea»- 
cr o B iA, ftrom cos, foot, and cronJk, crooked ; literally, 
** the crooked foot." 

To GASH, V. A. 1. To talk a great deal in a confident 
way, S. S. To talk pertly, or iniolently, 8. 8. To 
talk freely and fiuently, S. Synon. Gab, Bunu.'- 
Fr. gmutt gr, to gibe. Roquefort gires O. Fr. gatt 
goM, as merely a tariation of 906, plaisanterie, mo- 

GASH, s. 1. Prattle, 8. ^ynon. Gab. 2. Pert lan- 
guage, 8. 

GASH, 04/' !• Sirewd in cooTersation ; aagadous, 
8. Wat$on. 2. lively and fluent in dlscourae, 8. 
Bam§ay. 3. Haring the appearance of sagacity 
eca^iAutd with that of self-imporUnce, 8. Burnt, 
4. Trim ; respectably dressed, 8. E. ifalloway. 6. 
Well prepared ; metaph. used in a general sense, 8. 

GASH, «. A projection of the under Jaw, 8. 

Tb GA8H. 9. a. 1. To prqject the under Jaw, 8. 2. 
To distort the mouth in contempt, 8.— Fr. gaudu, 
awry ; gaMA-ir^ to writhe. 

GA8H-GABBIT, jNtrf. cuO*. 1. Haring the mouth dis- 
torted, Aberd. Meams. D. Anderton'8 Poems. 2. 
Haying a long projecting chin, Ang. Oath-gaJbbit, 
loog-chinn'd. €fl. Ayn. 8. Loquacious, and at 
the msM time shrewd in conreraatlon. East of Fife. 

To GASHLE, v. n. To aigue with much tartness, 
Ayra ; apparently a dimin. from the t. OoA. 

To GA8HLE, v. a. To distort ; to writhe ; as, " He's 
goMklin* his beik f he is making a wry mouth. 
Aberd. Evidently a dimin. from gaak, v. to distort 
the mouth. 

GAiiHLIN, fort. adj. Wry ; distorted, ibid. 

GA8HLIN, s. A bitter noisy argument, in which the 

disputants seem ready to fly at each other, Ayrs. 
GA8KIN, o^/. Of or belonging to Gaseouy. Act. Dom. 

GA8KIN8, 8. pi. The name commonly given to a 
rough green gooseberry, originally brought from 
Gasoony, 8. 

GA8T, Gbast, «. A fright. To goto gcuty to be ex- 
ceedingly frightened, Rozb. Y. Gastbous. 

GA8T, s, A gust of wind, 8. B.— A. 8. gat^ id. 

GA8TREL, Oistbkl, s. A kind of hawk. " Fr. cer- 
eertlUf** Gl. Slbb. — This must be the same with E. 
katnlt *' a UtUe kind of bastard hawk," Johns. 

GASTROnS, (u^. Monstrous, Dumfr.— Dan. patter, 
manes, ghosts ; 0. E. gatUtf to aifright. Y. Gast, 
9. a fright. \ 

GATE, 9. A way. Y. Gatt. 

GATE, 9, Jet. Bougloi, Y. Gbt. 

GATE, «. A goat Y. Gaft. 

GATELIN8, ado. Directly ; the same with gatewardtt 
8. B. 

GATEWARD, Gatiwabos, ado. Straight, or directly ; 
in the way towards, 8. B. Y. Gait, «. a road. 

GATEWARDSk adv. Towards, 8. B. 

* To GATHER, v. a. 2b pcUkcr a rig^ to plough a 
ridge in such a way as to throw the soil towards the 
middle of the ridge, 8. 

To GATHER one's feet. To recover from a fall ; used 
both in a literal and in a moral sense, 8. — ^The phrase 
ta find one's legf, is sometimes nsed in E. in a 
similar sense, literally at least 

To GATHER ontft uif. Synon. with the preceding, 
8. Both convey the idea of the restoration of motion 
and action to the limbs^ after a state of insensibility 
and inaction. 

GATHERING-COAL, t. A large piece of coal, used 
for keeping in the kitchen fire through the night, 
and put on the embers after they have been gaikatd 
together, 8. 

GATHERING-PEAT, f. *<A Jlery poaX which was 
sent round by the Borderers to alarm the country in 
time of danger, as the Jlery croM was by the High- 
landers." Ql. AnHq. 

GATING, part, pr. Perhaps looking around ; gaaing. 
Burti.—IA. giaet-Ot observare. 

GAY AULING, GAVAUixnro, Gav awlliho, s. Ckiddi ng 
about in an idle or dissipated way, Ayrs.— Fr. guaivCt 
waif, and alter, to go. 

GAUBERTIE-SHELLS, t. The name given to a hob- 
goblin who, till within a few years past, has been 
heard to make a loud roaring, accompanied with a 
barking similar to that of little d<^8, and at the 
same time with a clattering resembling that of shells 
striking against each other, Lanarks. 

GAUOT, Gawst, a4j. 1. Plump ; JoUy, 8. Journal 
Lond, 2. Applied to anything large, 8. Burm. 
8. Metaph. stately ; portly, 8. Fergtuon. 4. Well 
prepared, 8. A. Ihuglai, — Su. G. gaoiCy a nmle. 
The ancient Gauls called strong men Oaeti. 

GAUCINE8S, 8, Stateliness in appearance ; arising 
from sise, 8. 

GAUCKIT, a4j. Stupid. Y. Gowkit. 

GAUD, Gawd, «. 1. A trick. Douglas. 2. A bad 
custom or habit, 8. B. — Fr. gaud-ir, to be frolicsome ; 
Su. G. gaed-as, laetarl, from IsL gaa, gaudium. 

To GAUD, «. n. To make a showy appearance ; to be 
gaiudy, Fife. — Isl. gaedrOi omare. 

GAUD^. A rod or goad. Y. Gab, Gaob. 

GAUDEAMU8, «. A feast or merrymaking, Rozb.— 
Evidently the Lat word, Letwr^oioc. Y. Gauok-Dat. 

GAUDE-DAY, s. A festive day ; ^non. with gaude- 
amus. Antiquarjf, 

GAUDEIS, Gawoxs, «. j>I. Inventories, This is synon. 

. With gowdjft a Jewel, or any precious ornament — 
Evidently from Lat. gamdete. Y. Galdbib. 

GAUD FLOOK. The Saury Pike, 8. 


ni-iquiiu bird, *bIoh tl- 
Ji o( ■ rinlM ; HaHiiiiie 
luuk wul irint* sF ■ dun 

." rili.— Pntablf Um > 

t ■ hDOH, S. Ifynl.— 

SllfUinrl, maittll w Id 

irr propertjr «u 

■Mil, a.11. V, OtD, QlDI 

OAVEL. QiwiL,!. ttwimbi< 

. an. O. mflmU Belg. fml. 

? ■aATKUClND. "Aewuiiii 

I XqbC, wbinliir npon Uii r>ihcr'a< 

got iha dnlUnt-lMiiH, while ihi 

diTldfd KiiiBllT,* MS, EipUs. at Asnin worn 
OATELOCK, f. An earwlE; ■)» «<t(I«A, 

^oIckA, LoUi. 
OAVKLOCK,<lltiLoi[,i An Iron lent. 9.— A. 

Iiiciu, huullA, enfla, turn. 
OAt'rriN, Otfrw, ucb'. LtntiihMdal ; i 

IhDuKhUiH; i1ild7, &nb. Jfoinr. 
OAUOICS,i.)0. Wi«m. ^c(i S^frrvrX— O. Ft. 
UAnOIATUUii, 1. pi. " lu Seolilib liv, umMi 

» Mi-nHdlt, klA. rinb <K 


ito OAirK, ». ■. To pu 

Weil gf 8._6n. Q. icd-u, loillBiwl, 
ThQACKIK. t>. B. Tneuiiuwith^tMl'. Roibaiftb. 

QAtlLT, Oin. OirriB. A bunt-liugb ; • lou 

tau«h. 8. JCnw. V. Oiwr. 
n OADUP, V. a. Eipl. " u inp nrr frenlllT, >• I 

in ittBta al nallawuig tba ipooD." Rotbiutb,- 

D DppM lUU 

OTlhofnpbj ol 

Td QAONCru, ■, H, To iBuL T. Oumm. •. 

nAl'NCIt, L ABUKh. V.OUHU,*. 

: OAdNV, •- V. 0>e». «. 
rBOAl:l»Bll.a.i>- 1. Toi™*:iKiH«JtsAi»ii>1 
ilucAMif B paiHB* fpt*' ClfilavL t. Tu ■ 


1. T1 

, 1- Ala 

.UNTISO. t Th««e 


To OAW, ». o. 

]& or HI*. S, £.r /. ^JwAk-t— ta. 
"UaCi Uflt." 0*D. KMfel.i (ns 
L. Tv^& ftovum. « HMq*. 
To buniH pcttiih, LUh. S mmwmf. 

«■ •p'lue'iui 'o 


Hi gill Utek. « tad habit M rvns, S. 
] elocb, C[^. CLjdaB, 4. A Ujcr or ^ 

JWWM of rItIbc hi 
digallf, B. 

ulmal. e. 

OAWs'IA<^(. Tb>DT«niimiDc*<i(AUlll,MwiL 
aAWD, 1. A BwU E. Oat. 

QAWNDIE, OownitK. eawsia. t. Tha jtOm goh 
ii»rd,8. SiMoJd f ■ 

u iDKitw ■■ B m^ 

flaJF-— Su- O. vaffi^t I 
OtWr. Oir»*, (. A 
QAW-FTR, 1. A tur 


Ta la^ TUtMH^, S. 
I : Otna. tuffitit to W 
iioTT* .laugh. JTsiv. 

r. (wArnk e•t>^ or Ooa X 

nAWXIKa^-. lWillA.fl, T.eicsiT. 
OAWUN. 1. "Tbn ^wlla li t, Inl h 

TD GAWUP, >, a. To Bovk. T. Ouw. 
OAWP. I. A Luft BuniUifBl. a. 
T-^a\\lf,t.m. Tu;in.l.«li. 
OAWl'tC). AfinThUw. 

iSAWPMB, ai(f. DupiiHiiiar**ii,iu4.— ia.e«,a. 

Tu OAWP VP, V. a. Ta f*t 

OAWsi^oi^ Jollj. V. OACin. 

GBAU •. Eoi 
OBaN, Utnr, (, 

t A.W,fcm,,8. 

OKAOONK ■«. auBiH : . 




r» GBATS; (fl hard), «. n. To look in mi outeady 

iDMinor, Bttr. For. 
OSBBIB, Oabbib, «. The crop of a fowl, 8. Fettvton. 

— Gad. eioAoift, the glisard. 
To OSCK. Gauc, v. a. To fpork, An«. S. To deride, 

8. Plkilolia. 3. To befool. Leq. St. Androig, 4. 

To Jilt, S. 6. To toss the head disdainfully, 8. 

£aauay.— Tent, ffkeefc-en, deridere ^ So. O. #«6bot, 

lodificari ; Sv. gaedc-a, to Jilt. 
GXOK, Gbsk, «. 1. A sign of derision. Vmtbar. S. 

A Jibe. Montgomerie. 8. Cheat, 8. Poeau 19th 

CStmt. ^ ffie one the pecfc, to give him the slip ; 

generallT Inclnding the idea of exposing him to de- 

riaion, 8 — Teat gede, jocus. 
GSOK-NEOKIT, ad/f. Wij-necked, AbenL— GaeL 

§€Oc kd f a wry neck, feodkdaeh, haring a wry neck. 

GED, (f hard), «. 1. The pike, a firii, 8. Bwrbcwr. 
—So. G. Isl. oaeddoj id. 2. A greedy or avaricioas 
person ; as, *' He's a perfect ged for siUer," Clydes. 

GSDDSBT, «. A heterogeneous mass^ Upp. Olydes. 
Pertiaps from fodj^, to gatiber. 

GEDLING, «. Rtt»f OoUyear. Perh^i for Cfodlino, 
** an idle ragabond," Chauo. 

GSD-STAPF, «. 1. A staff for stirring pikes from 
onder the banks. DcugUu. 2. A pointed staff; 
from 8a. G. gadd, acnleos, Gl. 8ibb. 

GXDWING, «. "An ancient-looking person ; an an- 
tiquary." Ooil. EncycL. The author also explains 
it *' a fisher of gtdi," i.e. pikes. 

0£B, {f hard), «. To giro. T. Gn. 

GEE, if hard), «. To tdk Ae gee, to become pettish 
and mimantgcable, 8. Bom. — Isl. geig, offensa. 

To GEB, (f soft), V. H. To stir ; to more to one side, 
y. Jm. 

To GEBG, Gio, (g hard), «. «. To qoii^ Domfr. 
This is probably allied io^feggeiy, 

GEKLLIM, s. A rabbet-plane, a Joiner's tool, 8. 

GSKNTOCH, cu^. 1. Gluttonoas, 27pp. Lanarks. S. 
Greedy of money, ibid. 

iGBENTOCHLY, adv. 1. iGlottonottsly, Ayn. S. 
Greedily, ibid. 

GSENYOCHNESS, j. 1. Gluttony, ibid. t. CoTet- 
oneness, ibid. 

4XKN0CH, «. A ooTelous insatiaUe perscm ; expl. as 
nearly allied in signification to gluttonous, Ayrs.-- 
Gaelic, ptofuuA, hungry, gluttonous, Toradous. 

GXXB, Gaias, «. The twisted threads through which 
the warp runs in the loom, 8. OraUk and Hed<Ue$, 

OSK-WATS, adv. Not in a direct line ; obliquely. 

GEO. To amuggU the geg^ a game played by boys in 
Glasgow, in which two parties are formed by lot, 
eqind in number, the one being denominated the 
omts, the other ttie in$. The ouU are those who go 
out firom the den or goal, where those called the ins 
remain for a time. The OMtt get the gegg, which is 
anything deposited, as a key, a penknife, fte. 
BaTing reoeired this, they conceal themselves, and 
raise the cry, " Smugglers." On this they are pur- 
sued by the iru ; -and if the gegg— for the name is 
transferred to the person who holds the deport — 
ba taken, they exchange situations, the outt be- 
eoaidnc <n«, and the int, ouU. This seems to be 
merely a corr. pronunciation of Fr. gage, a pawn, a 
pla^, a stake at play. Qu. Kegf 

To OBG, (g hard), v. n. To crack, in conseqnenoe of 
kml^ Upp. Clydes. Oeil, syn. 

GBG, «. 1. A rent or crack in wood ; a chink in oon- 
ot dryness, Lanarks. 2. A chap in the 

handsii Ibid. — 0. B. gag, an aperture, gagen, a 
chink, a chap. Y. Gaio. 

To GIG, V. n. 1. To chap ; te break into chinks in 
consequence of drought, ibid. 2. To break into 
•olefts ; applied to the hands, ibid. — C. B. gagen^, 
to chap, to gape, ibid. 

GBGGSB, 9, The under Up. To King the geggan, to 
let the under lip fttll ; te be chopfallen, Perths. 
Apparently a cant tenn. 

GSGGBRY, «. A deception ; a cant tenn oommonly 
used in Glaegow in regard to mercantile transactions 
which are understood to be not quite correct in a 
moral point of Tiew. — Isl. gaeg-r, denotes guile, dolus. 
Y. Gaookrt. 

GSY, Gat, (g hard), adf. 1. Tolerable. S. P, Repr. 
2. Oonsiderable ; worthy of notice. BeUend, S. It 
is often used in connection with the word time, in a 
sense that cannot well be defined ; as, "Tak it <» a 
gey time to you," 8. B. .It couTeys the idea of a kind 
of maUeon, and is nearly equivalent to the vulgar 
phiase, ^' Tak itand be hang'd to you," S. ^Ageiy 
wkeen, a considerable number. 

GEY, Gat, adv. Indifferently. iScniMy. Gty and 
weil, pretty well, 8. 

GEYELEB, j. JaUor. WaUaee. 

To GEIF, Gkttp, v. a. To give. Ikmglat. 

GEIF, oot^. If. Aalt Ja, F. 

To GEIG, {g soft), v. «. To make a creaking noise, 13. 
i>o«9i<M.— Germ, geig-en, fricare. 

GEIG, 9, A net used for catching tiie ritsor-flsh. 
Jriier y rg cn . — ^Belg. eeege, a scan, 8ewel; i. e. a seine. 

GEIK-NECK, (g hard), «. A wry neck, Meams. 

GEIK-NEGKIT, a4j. Having the neck awry, iUd. 
For etymon, Y. GaoK-Naoxrr. 

GEYL, (ff hard), e. The gable of a house, DnmAr. 
Y. Shbtl, v. 

GEIL, Gkill, «. Jelly, 8. Lynd9. — Fr. gd, 

GEILY, Gatlt, Gbtliis, ado. Pretty well, 8. KeUy. 
— Tent, gherf, sanus ; Su. G. gef, usualis. 

GEILL POKKIS. Bags through which calfshead jOly 
is strained. Maitl. F. 

GEING, (g hard), «. Intoxicating liquor of any kind, 
Ang. — Isl. gengd, cerevisiae motus. 

GEING, (f hard), «. Dung, Bord.— A. 8. geng, 

GEIR, «. Accoutrements, Ac. Y. Gkk. 

GEIST, 8. 1. An exploit; 2. The history of any 
memorable action. Doug. — Lat gesta, 

GEIST, Gist, «. 1. A Joist, S. Dougloi, 2. A beam. 

GEIT, t, A contemptuous name for a child. Y. Grr. 

GEIT, s. A fence or border. Inventoriet. [GrriT. 

GEITIT, part. pa. Fenced.— Fr. guet, ward. Y. 

GEYTT, odj. Of or belonging to Jet. Aberd. Beg. 

To GEYZE, G«i^n, Ginm, (jf hard), v. n. 1. To be- 
come leaky for want of moisture, 8. Ferguton. 2. 
To wither; to fade, Lanarks.— Su. G. gittn^ 
gUn-a, id. 

To GELL, «. ft. To sing with a loud voice; to bawl In 
singing, Fife. This is undoubtedly the same with 
gale, to cry with a harsh note, q. v. 

CELL, (g hard), adij. 1. Intense, as applied to the 
weather. "A gell frost," a keen frost, Upp. Clydes. 
2. Brisk, as applied to a market when goods are quick- 
ly sold, ibid. 3. Keen ; sharp ; applied to one who 
is disposed to take advantage of another in making a 
bargain, Dnmflr. 

GELL, s. 1. Briskness ; as, *' There's a gey ^eH in the 
market the day," there U a pretty quick sale, ibid. 

n< OKLL, b> bur 




IS» GBTr V. a. To get U. 1. Ta be chastised ; to 

■offer ;. to pay for it, S. 2. To be decelTed ; to be 

taken in, &. B. 
GST, Garr, Gbit, Gbit, s. 1. A child. Wyntoton. 

2. A oontempiooiis dedgoation for a child, B. Knox, 

8. Progeny. Wyntoum. 4. Applied to the yonng 

of brotes. Doualot.— Goth. gU-a^ glgnere. 
GBT, «. Xet. y. Gkttt, a^. 
GETIT, GaiTiT, pearL pa. Jntentoriet.— Probably, 

guarded, fenced, from French ^Mett-cr, to ward. 
GETTABLE, a4j. Attainable, Aberd. 
GKTTWARD, adv. Directly towards. Oinrdon't SUt. 

V. Gaitwakd. 
GETS,cof\/. If. AeUMary, Y. Gnu 
GEWE, om^ v. y. Gir. 
GEWGAW, «. A Jew's harp, Boxb. also A. Bor. 

Perhaps only a generic sort of designation, as expres- 

siTC of contempt for Hits iniaU mnslcat Instrument. 

"V. TauMP. 
O EWm CK, «. An earwig, Boxb. T. Golaoh, tense 2. 
GEWLOCK, GawLiCK, t. An iron lever, Boxb. ; the 

same with gavdock, q. t. 
GY, t, " A rope,** Gl. Antiq. Apparently a term used 

by Scottish seamen. Jntiq, 
GT, f. A strange hObgoblin-looking fellow, South of S. 

Ayrs. S. Ouy. 
GY. «. 1. Scene ; show, Aberd. Tarras, 2. Estima- 
tion ; napect, ibid. 
To G Y, Qim, «k ^ To guide. K. Quair.-O. Fr. ^^eivid. 
GY, J. A guide. WaUace.^Hitip. guia. 
G Y, M, A proper name; Guy, Earl of Warwick. Btuma- 

iyne Poems, 
GIB, GiBBia, (g hard), «. A gelded cat, S. HtHrynne. 

— Fr. gibb-iert to bunt. 
GIB, (0 hard),.s. The beak, or booked upper Up, of a 

male salnum, Sttr. For. &i6, abook. AgriMystlck, 

a hooked stick. 
GIB, Oinii. Abbreviations of Ifie name OUbert^ 8. 
OIBB. Bob GOb^t Contract, a conunon toast in 8. ex- 
pressive of mere friendship. 
GIBBEBS, 8. Gibberish ; nonsense, Aberd. 
GIBiCBY, 9. Ginger-bread. Aberd. 
GIBBLB, (0 hard), $i A tool of any kind, 8. ; whence 

^Alet, any small iron tool, Ang. Jforifon.—Teut 

ga^el^ furca. 
GIBBLE-GABBLE, «. Noisy confused talk, 8. Gl. 

Shirr. — III. tfo/Za, biaterare. 
To GIBBLE-GABBLE, v. n. To converse confusedly ; 

a number of persons speaking at once, 8. B. 
GIBLICH, Raw Gibucb, (^utt.) t. An unfledged crow, 

GIBLOAN, «. A muddy loan, or miry path, which is 

so soft that one cannot walk in it, Ayrs. 
GIDD, «. A pike, Lucius marinns. The seme as ired, 

q. T. Skaw't Hist, of Moray. 
GIDDACX, s. The sand-eel, ShetL Ammodytes 

Tobianus, Unn. EdmonsUme. 
6IDE, Gtdb, «. Attiie. Wallace.— A. 8 giwaede, id. 
GYD8CHIP, t. Guidance ; management, treatment. 

To GlE, «. a. To give, is often used as signifying to 

strike ; to give a blow ; as followed by the prep, in, 

ou, or o'er, immediately before mentioning the part of 

the body or object struck ; and by «ot<A, before the 

Instrument employed, S. T. Oik. 
To GIE o'er, v. n. To stop in eating, 8. 
To GIE o'er, v. a. To gie o^er a farm, to give it up to 

the landlord, 8. 
To GIB one up hU Fit, I. e. foot, a phrase commonly 

used in Tweedd. as signifying to give one a smart 
repartee ; to answer one in sucii a way as to have the 
brat of the aigument ; as, ** I trow I gied him up 
his fit." 

Tb GIE, (g hard), v. n. To pry, Galloway. 

GIEAN CARLINS. " A set of carlins common in the 
days away. They were of a prying nature ; and if 
they had found any one alone on Auld Halloween, 
ttaey would have stuffed his mouth with beeravnu 
and butter.'* Gall. Encyd. 

GIED, pret. Gave, 8. David. Seatom. 

GIELAINGER, «.. A> cheat. V. Gilktnoub. 

GIEST. A contr. of give u» it, 8. Henrytmw. 

6IEZIE, t. "A penbon fond of prying into matters 
which concern him nothing." — Isl. eg gaiu, at gaa, 

To GIF, Gt7, Gi rF, v. Aj To give ; gie, 8. Barbour. 

GIF, Gtvb, Gkub, Gbwb, oonj. If. Douglas,— Vioea^ 
G. gau, id. ; 8u. G. jef, dubinm. 

GIFF-GAFF, s. Mutoal giving, 8. KeUy.—A, 8. g(/ 
and gt^, q. I gave, he gave^ 

GIFFIS, GyrFia, imper. v. Gif. Douglas. 

GIFT, s. A- disrespectful and contemptuona term for 
a person, 8. Bamsay. 

To GIG, VI «. To make a creaking noise. V. Jeoo. 

GIG, J. Expl. "a curiosity/' also **a charm," Gl. 
Pidee»; prob^ly Ayrs. 

GIGGIB, (a^eoft), a^. Biisk ; Uvely, Bnch. 

GIGGLE-TROT, s, Awoman who marries when she 
is far advanced in life, is mid totakUe giggle-trot, 8. 

GYILB0YE8, s. pi. Inventories, A piece of female 
dress ; apparently a kind of sleeves. 

GYI8, GT88, f. I. A mask. Dwtbar, 2. A dance 
after some particular mode. fenrysoiM.— O. Fr. gisc, 

GYKAT. MaitlandP, Read Gillot. 

GIL^ (0P hard), s. I. A cavern. Douglas. 2. A steep 
narrow glen ; a ravine, 8. and W. of 8. It is gene- 
rally applied to a gully whose sides have resumed a 
verdant appearance in consequence of the grasti 
growing, Boxb. 8. The bed of a mountain torrent, 
Roxb. — Isl. gil, hiatus montinm. 

GILBOW, JiLLBOw, s. A legaey, Dumft*. 

GILD, s. Clamour ; noise. A, Hume, Gild of 
lauckin, loud laughter, Fife. — Isl. gelid, clamor, 
giel, vocifero. 

GILD, ad{j. Loud, S. B. 

GILD, adj. 1, Strong ; well-grown. Skene. 2. Great 
A gild rogue, a great wag. Aiddtmafi.— Su. G. 
gild, valid us, robu:itus. 

GILD, GiLDB, s, A fiatemity instituted for some par- 
ticuUr purpose, 8. Stat, Gild.— A. 8. gild, fiater- 
nitas, sodalitium.. 

GILD-BROTHER, s, A member of the gild, 8. 

GILDEE, s. The whiting pout. Stat Aoc. 

GILDEROY. The name given to a celebrated out- 
law in a beautiful song, ascribed, in Johnston's 
Scots Musical Museum, to Sir Alexander Halket. 

GUilerop WM » boDXVF bojr. 
BjmI roMt till hia ■hunt, tie. 

GILDRIB, s. 1\ That body in a burgh which con- 
sists of the members of the gild, 8. 2. The privilege 
of being a meml)er of the gild. 

GYLfi-FAT, s. The vat used for fermenting wort, 8. 
Gyle, Orkn. .Bttrroio Xowei.-'Teut. gkijl, cremor 

GYLE-HOUSE, s. A brew-house. Lamont's Diary. 

GILEYNOUR, Gilaixobb, s. 1. A deceiver. KeUy. 
2. " An iU debtor." Gl. Bamsay.— Sn. G. gil-ia, to 
deceive, gyUningar, fkandes. 

OtLUi. *«i 
tlILL, 1. * 

ih> nunhs. atUaw 

an.i.UK%: 1. Ah 

ILLIIou. 1. A teM«]« «be UaM rNkontd HODMi 
Iml. AjB. 
OILMK, ()iu.T. I. l.Alior. S.r.Krrr. 1, A jout 

Rut ituy,— U.tilit. ttnlla, i buf, ft mtna I, ■ iii^:i 

OIUIJK.I A EhMr founi mswu. i/r)». 

tllUm |«M«). ■■ AJiaiJB.tniDa,f4lf,itmsuur 
al Uqulih ; pntehlT fumud ftx tho riiims. Sum 

OILUMiaev, U hHH). ,. X Dtutalan, RriMnllj i 
Mr, toaauij man m UiebnluvlDf •faBile.giE 
wblob tba hilr *u camlxil, Bmb, Tli* lul ittri t 
thB imrd !■ prubabLj the «•»« vltta (L. btrip Afrif, bi 
nWHOfUMbntU]' KiMngfii giBhlan orihlii dti 
CripUen, Tbg Brri ajlliMt uj ba ImatdkiclT tni 
«11IU ■> iliiulftliiji It (Iddf jgoiK weown. 

Otu.[iM;AHruTn.(. "Tiiupiiniiii art ehisfuiii' 


(llLLie-OAI'tI& MU. roollihiuliMiljt.H. TniMiiO 
0Mn4. SMin. 

OILLIROAPUa, OiLUOtuM.f, T. Gtnt. 

r««II.UIH)AWKllC* n. ToiptiHl Udk M1)P ud 
foollitll;. [Mb, V. OliriT. 

CILUKWrrVOOT, (Uluxiiit. (« hurl), t. ). A 
wru'ibltH MIsw wbD (tt> Into iltlii uiil rnn* n(r, 
LmIi. 1, A niBDiBs foDttniui; tXm * bum-lnliur. 
Vtlta. EIr UitlHtSDCiuafi. "Ihli I luvaBlviTS 
uiulinlooil ■• tb* IjiiIhiI DlghiuBit tor Om lArofwl- 
nl MlDwan at ■ Hlfhluirt ctali4t>lB, ailed \ij llifm- 
-Itn Oailn.'-^na fOti*. t fv>. *Dd tivI/M. 

UU.UIAW. (f M(l). 1. A Tsnctaiu pinsu: iu» 
■hHD isuuch la not wdlf T(iJ>Bi9ti<>l ; ■■, "* 

I, Kaib. n» HUDi aiUi p 
fn*Mtj • nilf or TOUDit bu 


th* Mil." JM H- 
(IILLOT.(liiini(, 1. 

Maia»mt i:—1t„ 

IB «. OflUk ■■» BBBi* dns u ■ llrlit (iMr O'l; 

BiBl,UulHd, B.;lU(, *ntail.JII(i#,bMb aM «l]i 

ilroaw ■ yvBt Bun. bBl b imiloB till. T. Orui. 

GtLLUnt, OluOBih ■■ ri«>7 i nalO, Siub. t. 

GIUrBOKKt. AniilairBb«fl>]ii«aF«ftat 
ObUvhb)'. rroBi gUI BBd rm. . ~ ' ' 

mLL-BUNO, (. A liincaUtk u>c 
wlilrh Ihcf rluBCC luM ■ itajf t 

UltX-WtUlIP. QlLLUBBBr, ). 

SKimfi. l.ft>^U*«tf|.igtn^iataiilMLXaL' 

Id. iru-la, smuBiTBul • " ■ 

/o^fi la tnilinil ths proDU ~ 

Jb OIU, |> uO^. ». 4. I. . . .„. 

i. Tg iiplll;Ba*iMibna b •iw.I. n,it bf mkhI 

aai>, 1. ff'*Mr>i41l«I.B>IlcjKrU>°<tBl»n';Blaik' 

QILPY, UiLMT, t, A mEtilih Inr I I 
Bf(;irl,S. Aawoy— A.S pilfi.ui«il 


In Uiurki. lb* Icna propirlr ntp«u tarn ■ 

aiLEAFACana, onutiutB, «. 

rvsblini Irllo*. Afrib 2. A •BOMS (rtlcir, ] 
jbrlvfiwn/jriiKl. 3. A dctllnlalur. 1 
QlLRAVAdK. a>uu(vifoa. I. t. A tan 
rrello ; (iiwnllT dnadiw bIiai Uk« f 
jouDH yeoplc. aBd evbivjriBt lUe Ids 
buBiour. S. S, OtmI dl>oi4ir, Aft.. 
I. OdCibIihi, cnnjDiDn) irlili <I«tiunl>o 
B rof, >». dMUnjIUf B fvatn, \ij not 
vUBti,Ki ' ' 

nblMij, S. 3. Uxd lo dcnaM 

im.t.yrft.r. C«EB(uilii. K.(t<mir.— 




GTMP, Jtmp, *. 1. A wHty je«t ; a taunt, 8. B. 
DomgUu. 2. A quirk ; a mbaety. Hettrytone.— 
Belg. tckimp, a Jest, a caTtl. 
OTMP, Gimp, Jimp, a4f. 1. Slim; delicate, 8. 

JkmgUu. 2. Short; Rcanty, S.— Su. G. ikamt, 

short, dcaenU-n^ to shorten. 
GIMPLT, JiMPLT, adv. Scareelj, 8. « 
GIN, (0 hard), oof(/. If, 8. Sa. BaXL 
GTN, Osn, «. Engine for war. B<Mrb. Qynny* for 

arak^, great guna Barb. 2. The bolt or lock of a 

door, 8. Rrnddimtan. 
GTH, 9. A chasm. DouiflaM.^A. & gin^ hiatus. 
7o GJN, V. ». To begin. JT. Quair. 
GIN, jnji. Against, in relation to time, Aberd. Ang. 

Ayrt. Fife ; more commonly gen, 8. V. Gair. 
GINCH, a4f. Corr. from ginger-brtad. Tar. 
GINSOUOU, a4/. Voracious. V. GairrBonoH. 
GINGEBBSAD, o^/. This term is oddly used in an 

adjective form as expressive of affectation of dig- 
nity, 8. B. 
GINGEBEBAD-WIFE, a A woman who sells ginger- 
bread ; or the figure of a woman made of gingep 

bread, 8. 
GINGB-BBED, f . Gingerbread, 8. Fitte. 
GINGICH, J. The designation given in South Uist to 

the person who takes the lead in climbing rocks for 

sea-fowla Martin. 
To GINK, (jf hard), v. «. To titter ; to laugh in a 

suppreMed manner, Aberd. 
GINK, t. The act of tittering, ibid. 
GINKSB,s. Adsncer. fTotem.— Germ.4ck«0incfc-<ii, 

celeriter movere, 
6TNKIE, (fi hard), t, A term of reproach applied to a 

woman ; a giglet, Benfr. Aug.— Isl. gitinro, decipere. 
GINKDS, a4j. Giddy ; frolicsome, Fife. 
OINKUM, i hard), «. Inkling ; hint. Meams. 
GINNELIN, i. The act of catching flrh with the 

baads^ Ibid.— <3. B. genau, denotes the Jaws, genokyl, 

the mandible or Jaw. [q. v. 

GINNEB8, «. pi. The same with ginnUSt Galloway, 
GTNNYNG, 9. Beginning. Wyntown. 
To GINNLE, V. a. To fish with the hands, by groping 

under banks and stones, Roxb. Ayrs. Lanarka 

BjnoD. guddlff Clydes. gmtnp, Roxb. 
niNNLES, (g ban!), «. pi. The gills of a fl&h, Ayrs. 
GYNOUB, 8. Engineer. Barbour. 
OIO, (fi hard), «. A deep ravine which admits the sea, 

Shetl. Oxkn. This is the same with ^eo, q. v. also goe. 
OIOLA, 8. ** Thin iU-curdled buttei^milk," SheU. 
GTPE, {fi hard), 8. A silly person ; a fool, Aberd. 

Meams.— Isl. i^p-o, exaggerare, effntire, geip^ futilis 

exsggeratio, nugae. 
6IPE, 8. One who is greedy or avaricious. Watson. 

— Isl. gypOj vorax. 
QTPE, (jg hard), at^j. 1 . Keen ; ardent in any opera- 

tSoo, Ettr. For. 2. Yery hungry ; vorscious, ibid. 
G YPELIE, adv. Quickly and eageriy ; nimbly, ibid. 
OIPES, s. An expression of puerile invective used at 

school, usnallf against piq>ils who oome from another 

towB, Domf^. 
OYPIT, a4j. Foolish, Aberd. Tarrat. 
OYPITNESS, i. Foolishness, ibid. 
• GIP8EY, «. '* A young girl ; a term of reproach,'* 

8. m. Shirrf/t. 
OIPSEY HERRING. Thepilchaxd, 8. Eu. HioU. Soc. 
OIP8Y, 9. A woman's cap, & 
OIBD, 9. A veiy short space of time ; a moment 

'* ni be wi' joa in a gird ;'* ** HeOI do that la a 

gird,* Loth. 

GIRD, t. The girth of a aiddle, Fertha Fife.— Su. G. 

giordf dugttlum. 
GIRD, Gyed, 9. 1. A hoop, 8. ; also girr. MinH. 
Bord. 2. A stroke, 8. Sorteur.— A. 8. gyrd, lal. 
ginUt Timen. 

To GIRD, V. a. To strike; with the adv. threw. 

To LIT Qiao. I. To strike. Ckr. Kirk. 2. To let 
fly. BougUu. 

To GIRD, V. n. To move with expedition and force. 

To GIRD, V. n. To drink hard, S. B. Forbes. 

GIRD, J. A trick. Douglas.— Sn. Q. goor-at incan- 
tare, utgiord, magical art. 

GIRDER, s. A cooper, Loth. 

G IRDLE, 8. A circular pUte of malleable or cast Iron, 
for toasting cakes over the fire, 8. OuteiZ.— So. G. 
grissdf the shovel used for the oven ; from grasdd-a, 
to bake. 

GIRDLE, I^Mieing ¥y tke girdle, a mode of divination, 
still occasionally practised in Angus, and perhaps in 
other oouDtles, especially for discovering who has 
stolen anything that is missing. The girdle, used 
for toasting cakes, is heated till it be red-hot ; then 
it is laid in a dark place, with something an it. 
Bveiy one in the company must go by himself, and 
bring away what is laid on it, with the assurance 
that the devil will carry off the guilty person, if he 
or she make the attempt. The fear which is the 
usual concomitant of guilt generally betr^s the 
criminal, bf the reluctance manifested to ipake the 

GIRDSTINO, Gtecbtstixo, Qtbtbbtixo, GKinsnNO, 
9. Apparently a sting or pole for making a gird or 
hoop. Aberd. Meg, 

OYRE-CARLINO, {p hard). «. 1. Hecate, or the 
mother-witch of the peasants, S. Lynd9oy. €fy-car- 
lin, Fife ; Gay-cartin, Bord. 2. A hobgoblin. Ban- 
not. Joum. S. A scarecrow, 8. B. Jotim. Lond. — 
Isl. Oeira, the name of one of the Fates, and leor- 
Itnna, an old woman. 

GYRE FALCON, s. A large hawk. fi'ouZate.— Geim. 
geir, a vulture, and/aUte, a falcon. 

GYREFU', adj. Fretful ; ill-humoured ; discontent- 
ed ; as, "a gyrefu' earlin," a peevish old woman, 

To GIRG, Jiaa, «. n. To make a creaking noise, S. 
Douplas. Y. Chikk. 

OYRIE, (0 soft), 8. A stratagem; circumvention, 
Selkirks. Y. Ikgyrk, 

QIRKE, s. A stroke ; E. jerk. Z. Boyd.—Ul jarke, 
pes feriens. 

GIRKIENET, «. A kind of bodice worn by women. 


To GIRLE, GiaaiL, v. n. 1. A term used to denote 
that affection of the teeth which is caused by acidity, 
as when one has eaten unripe fruit, Peeblesshire. 
2. To tingle; to thriU, Selkirka 8. To thrill wiUi 
horror, ibid. 4. To shudder ; to shiver. Synon. 
Choose, ibid. Y. GaiLL, v. 

QIRLS8, 8, The same with grilst, q. v. Act, Bom. 

To GIRN, V. n. 1. To grin, 8. Douglas. 2. To 
snarl, 8. Samsay. 8. To whine and cry, from ill- 
humour, or fretfttiness in consequence of disappoint- 
ment ; applied to ehildren, 8. To gim and greet, 
to conjoin peevish complaints with tears; in this 
sense, in like manner, commonly applied to children, 
8. i. To gape ; applied (o dreas, 8. 


i leesh, Qallow*;, U'T>si»i'* EnofDl. 

I 4 ikevfed ffillcm. 

r.(. AilionghilrHgldJiigiil. 


■ unnliis, tliOotn.}. 
I dlLlrllA', (. 1. A hoiiig 

» (nlbni lewll«> 

ilioj. «.F. Be 

ni, i««t, OI esBv 
e, )tatADy,~Ir.0<,i>l>i>;,> 
- -gHWTjouiwwimiH, J 


jiroUililj IDi 

I oiLuiwiiiaiE, [a iiiird), 

U.<.rif ■< 

, Theli 

IthB. A(n, (n'rK, bp 

Hie woid li proMbl; 
UDH or tlw liltMj tniun Dm cm 
«rJpUM. Tli< nnt njllablc Bin} be 1 
kMH ■• •KultTing » KhMT jmoog ooibiid. 
I OII.LIK-UAJi»LUE, (. "TlwliwnoiKifB dil 
bodr-cunl, obon biu4D«i It wu lonnili 
runl>." Ctiw Jlftim.— A> glltU ilgDlflu urri 

Thiu. itk|ipa>n IbMt (rllKi 

mij ■ IllRHl bUltlUOD B( lllll 

(JtLLIE^APUa, w(f. fDoJlihiiidKkliljr.S. mrwHt'i 

Ctpd. JMs(«. 
QILLrKUAt^a, aiu-iiuoca, t, T. Girvs. 
n OtU.IEUAWEI£, •- n. To ipeiHl time MI; aiic 

fo<il1»lilr. Lnlh. V. GioiT, 
OII.LIKWErFCIOT, Oiluiwbit. (p Hard), (. 1. jl 

II.LHAW, (V left), >. X vsnuleiu puma; dd 
sbM> iKUiwli !■ UM udlr nplinlilial; ••, '■ 
uraiKl} V<Ini»a,'> oar mta i> aot nleo to lili mu, liu 

kilt." Ku&iby. 

r GILLOT. Oiufl™, ». PnlMbljF iLrmjorjemtatrt. 
ifuMuiuli*.— Thowonl niait iutdiH>1itt>tlj be (novd 
ta (I. B, ruit. 0iB>I, njiiii, ■ oinn. tl Iiu kmn md- 

in S. I7AM, thg BU> (inn M * llgbt (UMj ilrl; 
-, iidH«, X. /Ily, ud C. a Jli<«, both but onlj 

. LltenUj, ■' 


n*Bif i wuIUh Rub. 

nlLL-ROMn,!. AinTiDtUxM 

tiikllq«»7. JmD rd' «iid fvK*. ft fthfub o« biii4^ 
UlLIrKUNO, t. A loutiuck ukO b) " 

■lUeh Ibcjr (iliinipi lota k dtop halt. 

Inch*!. Itilloitv- 
»IUr-TV*iL.t. Tbabani-l»cb.Ui 
UlLL-WHSEP, a*LU4iitir. i, 1 

li, lliiil. IWtM. t It 

ru aiLP, (JF Ktl), BO. I. To .purl ; lg IhM, Atwti). 

2. To qiUI : u ntat froa • i«ikJ, bhI hj oiirBU. 

lnc it, liul b^ pulUuf tba ■«« lu lauuuu. lUd, 
OILP, t. WkUTiipUti*l,u<tusiilvlaUiTa ; snub at 

GILPy, tiiuvt, (. A logulA bo; i ( fnlleuow btr 

ofgli'l.a. Jbrnuu)!.— A.8 allji,i»((ntiiUau,amauioa. 
ri>Oll.UATAfiR.UlLUI>ITCIl, UlLUVnvH, Dbuuii- 

lei. >. fi. 1. Tn tuiU ( EDicrj-ibHUiia <ruk boih 
■ud riot, tlibouaU iilUifnil: pnmxMlDii Cn ■ tunll, oi 

Jf, irnaolmj^ la indodtUi* bin <if » ■uuful mm 

Sk Tonl-^al 

. . ta uibuiUf ud 

ulUiniu canBlilcBtloDi B»b JtMrafr*, qrMa. A. 
tu t^DWki. tfig lenn piupcilr lupecu ItrB B*nl- 

I. i (brlMH 

Farhmai/.Vifd. 1. A dapndatur. Jtab-Coy, 
GILSAVAOS, HiLuinmv, t. 1. A lumnri, iavUf 
fnllo 1 gtncnllr 4eDDt1u( tlhi Uk« pUaa miomk 
jaODK pav^^ *^ cimrtflng tba Idea «f fboil- 
hiuDDur, 8. 3, Oraat diviTdcr, A^rv^ n« ffalafL 
a. CBotatloa. amiB'ttri wlih dmrwiloB -. *i iluit af 
» HI*, in., doiiruf lot • t*"'")- bj miUai ap Uu 

LTcUog, S. ; 

■Anttrul couiluoial 
ia Baad 1b ttia iiu» 

rsbbarj, S. K. Dml w ildDola drprcdMloft. ibit 

t^ilr.— A. S. ntHi. 

osj, a.».«. Wstam.-atnii. vA, M. 
. w I"/- 
GILTV, a4f. Qllilal. DrntloM. 
QllTlHO, adj. Cudroririll. f.a.ffldm. 
■""LTIT, o^'. alidad, S.— O. E. "wllnt u 
ir aoj aUier Oijnu Is, [Fr.] 4or«," Pali^r. 1 
itfd In itE ama •laia. - Oyll iillb nolda, 
HI." Pruapl. Pan. 

am. vij. >4w ^ lpTuc^ a. u 

QIUUKK. OiLii», Or banij, 1. 

' ' 8. CVnpl. X. 2. A MatMB|iUN 




QTMP, Jtmp, *. 1. A witty Je«t ; a taunt, 8. B. 

DomgUu. 2. A quirk; a lobaety. HenryMone.— 

Belg. jeftimji, a Jest, a caTil. 
GTMP, Gimp, Jimp, a4f. 1. Slim; delicate, 8. 

J)imglai. 2. Short; wanty, 8.— So. G. ikamt, 

short, dcaenU-n^ to shorten. 
GIMPLT, Jimplt, adv. Scarcely, 8. « 
OIN, (0 hard), oo^j. If, & 5el. BaU, 
GTN, Gna, j. Sngine for war. Bairb. Oynnyt for 

erakft, great funa. Barb. 2. The bolt or lock of a 

door, 8. Ritdiimutn. 
OTH, t, A chasm. Z^ouaZM.— A. 8. gin^ hiatus. 
7*0 GJN, V. n. To begin. JT. Quair. 
OIN, prqp. Against, in relation to time, Aberd. Ang. 

Ayra. Fife ; more commonly gen, 8. Y. Gbh. 
GINCH, a4f. Corr. from gingtr-bread. Tar, 
GINSOUGU. a4j. Yoiaclous. Y. Gkxtkodob. 
OINGEBBXAI), a4j. This tenn is oddly used ia an 

adjectiTe fonn as expressive of affectation of dig- 
nity, a B. 
GINGEBBEAD-WIFE, a A woman who sells ginger- 
bread ; or the figure of a woman made of ginger- 
bread, 8. 
GINGB-BRED, «. Gingerbread, & Fitae. 
GINGICH, «. The deidgnation given in South Uist to 

(he person who takes the lead in climbing rocks for 

sea-fowls. Martin. 
To GINK, (jf hard), «. «. To titter ; to Uugh in a 

suppressed manner, Aberd. 
GINK, J. The act of tittering, ibid. 
GINKIR,s. A dancer. W4U9on.—Qtrm.4ch¥findc-mj 

cderiter movere^ 
GTNKIS, (g hard), j. A term of reproach applied to a 

woman ; a giglet, Renfr. Aug. — Isl. ginnHi, decipere. 
GINKIB, adj. Giddy ; frolicsome, Fife. 
GINKUM, i hard), «. Inkling ; hint. Meams. 
GINH£LIN, «. The act of catching firh with the 

bands, ibid.— G. B. getuMt denotes the Jaws, genokyl, 

the mandible or Jaw. [q. v. 

GINNEB8, 8. pi. The same with ginnUi^ Galloway, 
GYNNYNG, «. Beginning. Wffntown. 
To GIKNLE, o. a. To fish with the hands, by groping 

moder banks and stones, Roxb. Ayrs. Lanarks. 

C^OD. guddlfy Clydes. gump, Roxb. 
OINNLES, (g ban!), $. pi. The gills of a fish, Ayrs. 
GYNOUR, «. Engineer. Barbour. 
GIG, (g hard), «. A deep ravine which admits the sea, 

Shetl. Oxkn. This is the same with geo, q. v. also goe. 
OIOLA, 9. *' Thin iU-cuidled butter-milk," SheU. 
GYPK, (p hard), «. A silly person ; a fool, Aberd- 

Meams. — Isl. geip^ exsggerare, effutire, geip, futilis 

exaggefatio, nugae. 
t GIPE, 8. One who is greedy or avaricious. Waiion. 

— Isl. gvpOy vorax. 
GYPB, (g hard), a^j- 1- Keen ; ardmt in any opera- 
tion, Ettr. For. 2. Yery hungry ; voracious, ibid. 
GYPELIE, adv. Quickly and eagerly ; nimbly, ibid. 
GIPE8, s. An expression of puerile invective used at 

school, osuallf against pupils who oome from another 

town, Domf^. 
QYPIT, a^. Foolish, Aberd. Tarrat, 
OYPITNESS, J. Foolishness, ibid. 
• GIPSEY, «. "A young girl ; a term of reproach," 

8. Ol. Skirrtft. 
OIPSEY HERRING. Thepildiard, 8. Eu.HioU.8oc. 
GIP8Y, t. A woman's cap, 8. 
GIBD, 4, A veiy short space of time ; a moment 

** m be wi> yon in a gird f" ** Ueu do that in a 

gird," Loth. 

GIRD, s. The girth of a saddle, Ferths. Fife.— Sa. G. 
giord, dngulum. 

GIRD, Gted, t. 1. A hoop, 8. ; also girr. Mintt. 
Bord. 2. A stroke, 8. Barbour, — A. 8. gyrd, lal. 
girde^ vimen. 

To GIRD, «. a. To strike; with the adv. throw. 

To LBT Qiao. I. To strike. Ckr. Kirk. 2. To let 
fly. DougUu, 

To GIRD, V. n. To move with expedition and force. 

To GIRD, V. n. To drink hard, S. B. Forbet. 

GIRD, 9. A trick. DougUu.— ^&a. Q. goor-a^ incan- 
tare, utgiord, magical art. 

GIRDER, 8. A cooper. Loth. 

G IRDLE, «. A circular pUte of malleable or cast iron, 
for toasting cakes over the fire, 8. Ooloil.— Sn. G. 
gri9uif the shovel used for the oven ; from graeddni, 
to bake. 

GIRDLE. Spaeing ky the girdU, a mode of divination, 
still -occasionally practised in Angus, and pertiaps in 
other oounties, especially for discovering who has 
stolen anything that is missing. The girdU^ used 
for toasting cakes, is heated till it be red-hot ; then 
it is Ukl in a dark place, with something en it. 
Bveiy one in the company must go by himself, and 
bring away what is laid on it, with the assurance 
that the devil will carry off the guilty person, if he 
or she make the attempt The fear which is the 
usual concomitant of gtiilt generally betiays the 
criminal, by the reluctance manifested to ijoake the 

GIRDSTING, Gtbcbtstixo, QTaTHsrixo, Gkiubtixq, 
«. Apparently a 8iing or pole for making a gird or 
hoop. Aberd. Meg, 

OYRE-CARLINO, {p hard), «. 1. Hecate, or the 
mother-witch of the peasants, 8. IrynctMy. Ctjf-ear- 
{•n, Fife ; Gay-cartin, Bord. 2. A hobgoblin. Man- 
ila/. Jo%im, 8. A soarecrow, S. B. Joum. Lond. — 
Isl. (?e»ra, the name of one of the Fates, and leor- 
linna, an old woman. 

GYRE FALCON, ». A large hawk. Houlate.—Qt\m. 
petr, a vulture, and/u2^ a falcon. 

GYREFU', adj. Fretful ; ill-humoured ; discontent- 
ed ; as, "a gyrefu' earlin," a peevish old woman, 

To GIRG, Jiax, «. n. To make a creaking noise, 8. 
DoupUu. Y. Chirk. 

QYRIE, (0 soft), «. A stratagem; circumvention, 
Selkirk s. Y. Ixcyrb, 

GIRKE, «. A stroke ; E. jerk. Z. Botfd,—U\. jarkt, 
pes feriens. 

GIRKIENET, «. A kind of bodice worn by women. 


To 6IRLE, Giaan., v. n. 1. A term used to deuote 
that affection of tlie teeth which is caused by acidity, 
as when one has eaten unripe fruit, Ppeblesshire. 
2. To tingle; to thrill, Selkirks. 8. To thrill wiUi 
horror, ibid. 4. To shudder ; to shiver. Sjnun. 
Grooie, ibid. Y. Grill, v. 

OIRL88, t. The same with griUe, q. v. Act, Dum. 

To GIRN, V. n. 1. To grin, 8. Douglas. 2. To 
snarl, 8. Bamtay. 8. To whine and cry, from ill- 
humour, or fretfulness in consequenoe of disappoint- 
ment ; applied to ehildren, 8. To gim and greets 
to conjoin peevish complaints with tears; in this 
sense, in Uke manner, commonly applied to children, 
8. i. To gape ; applied (o dress, 8. 

1. Ta tUrb tj nuns i 

OtHN. >. A teni jui Intu « uaaaiX ; i. Klo 

fllKN'AUAIS, 1. A pcoriih, lU-hunigiiwl 

ataS&hU aiMn,L, Okuhu, Oiiiell, I 
ituBiirif. S. Kiwi. Otrntil-ryi*r, iho rnl 
f»ii»r7, BWJTrrMH. J. A Unio chcM (oi 

R, adi. Puei 

n, 8. B. 



OVBNIHO. (vV. 1. UrlDnli 

I, Unnrr. V. Qiniui. 

OtRRKIlBAOR, (. An urr»r I 

nniRRKI^i. n. TnUiriU, Ac. T. 
OyBa.Ciiiui.Oiiu.1. OnuhAngui. 
To GIBStl, Oiui, >-. a. To lum out 

UiB wml mi'l rC(Dl(r pcrlnl of n 

UtRSIMIAint. aitf' Ciri-fav^d I 

pllol n> liw irblch an sallti ot ctinix hf ittllilui 

bvefool lUiioDg dtom, B. 
OIRSK'HAN. 1. ronaerl; 170110. wllb CuKo^ihii. 

UISBINI), OIUBUI. ^realfw Dud tirnir. 1. Tt. 

Osnkn'i Barli iifSM^frt. 2. Tlin imrllife sT |ru- 

OinSKAITIK, aiy. Usnlimlaal, Uaknit.T.3Kl]Til. 

oiMaue. I. oiutiE. a. 

(11B3LIB, 04. aiiMir. B. y. ,v>«i. 

IIIRSLIH [bI tml), t. * >llt'>' frMI ^ > »>'" •°"'< of 
<H. 8. Mm, «a nljrtiC h«d Hi Hnt Ticw. tna Oirilt 
fDBDIlooeO fttntVt hat frvn Vr, '^^mUlJ, nf einj, or 
hoira, vllh Kuue," Cotgr. i. i. tinrTnul. 

flinST. <- The imln fhlob on. I> Inwuil u hies 
iraiuxlitaBillltawhlehaBelilXrl'sf.llnili. K.«ritl. 

OIHT, oAj (IrrW ; Iiit»«. Aji*. B»ufr. Uo4fl.n. 

OIKT.Jinl. V. Hiulf, tor «/rl. U-mlaU, 

(IIHTCH. (. A una. ih-ni. 

niHTU. Qnn. Qktuil, (. I. PraUoUon, Wail. 

iBlnali -lannR crtuin hijutri. Ban* mm 

aiBTBSTIHO.i. T. aiUHTim. 

7\.GY8..,o. TodH««K. », Cr». 

IVSAB, OmiiD. I. 1. A huttqiilu ; 

. tens ■prUcd 

Ntir-Yq«r, 8. gyioH. J(b«(. F. 

a, (Mm •li™r 

loolri UB dliOgund tijr t^r, ta nOicntl 

-,8. ^HnuJ 

aVSH, 1. Uodi 1 fWUhHi. I, fobe. 5|»U 

r>UVSEH. V Onrn. 

OISSABMB, GmusK, (IrrnnN. (. A hui 

Mil, Aliv,-«, Fr. tmrmi, Itklldiuil, b 

OITUS. lutf. Ehli" 
(IITLIH. vis. E . 

runU." Gl. Bi^om. lomu. 
GITTKEt, 1. (lire, Dilate, y. Qtrma. 



m itrDivlit. 1 

&I7SEH, (r hud], dri/. I. 

out lolo «hlnki rram nnl ol msliinn ; • Wnn appUnl 
to oulu, Ad,. 8, 8. 1 titat%Unij inutWErml u 
iDpcn, Khun ilrtnli Is ■lltaheld. rarrai. 

OIZKKN. (. Chlldbttt. V. Jiuor.iiD. 

rsGLABBBR, Gimn,*. «. 1 To apn^ iDdmUBct' 
It, a. S. To duitwr; Uldt tdlT, Hoito. IiuBtr.— 
GkI. etafatrt, % bubMer. 

AD(. ' MIniL Bar4. 1. A rHIoi Inn moauUtD. 
I^.BaU, 3.AaO|KiiIug<DI*i>ci4,i>1i>nilhEwlBd 
eoDua wUb tnrct, fecthi. 4. Tlia ]i*ri ota In* «b<n 
■ batwh hniuhcKinL Bt. Pig,, Ball, », TbUpBri 
or Ibe iMorl bmim lh« itnuli auU BnjtFt^ Mi. — 

aLACK. I. ]. A luiaUful nr null fortion, Ani. Jbat. 
a. Ai much f ntn ua nrniun hMi In bit luBd. Auf. 
S. A uiauh ^ ■ gUflii nr|iHl. Ans.— 41ua. iIok. it 

r°GLACK«>>'fi>>>Iin. Topulnm 
8. n, Jitirmil lAnuL—anel ola- 

». Apfillad b> oae vlin It doi is m IruoM, S. U.— A. 
B. BIM, Bell. flad. 8u. G. ^ofl, iHbrtoiM. 

>e Doa-alUMt, 




QliLDDEBTtt part. pa. Benneand. Dimftar.— Tent 
Hwliifr-fw, to bodaob. 

paff ; ft BUght and ttidden blast, Upper OlTdra. Loth. 

GLAID, t. The kite. Y. Olbd. 

OLAIK, Olaiki, i. 1. A gUnce of the eye, Ajn. 2. 
A reflected gleun or glance in general, A jrs. Hence, 
A coii the QlaHet on one ; to make the reflection fitU 
CO ooe, 8. 8. A prlnn, or anything that produces 
ieflecti<m. Adamton. 4. A transient ray ; a pass- 
ing gleam, Ayrs. Tke XniaU. 5. A deception ; a 
triek. LyndiOf. lb Fling tke OlaHn in one's een ; 
to deceive, to impose on one, 8. To gel tke Olaik^ 
10 be galled orcheated, 8. B. Leo. St. Androii. To 
kaaU tke fiUaOs, to pursue with perpetual disap- 
pointment. CWvA. To piaf tke Olaikt wHk one ; 
to gull ; to cheat Lyndsaf. 6. The act of Jilting. 
Toffietke Olaikt^ to jUt one, 8. Herd. 7. A giddy 
and frivolous person. Ckr. K4rk. <6. Used as a 
term of reproach for a woman, expreasive of folly or 
Ught-headedness, 8. 0. A bat, LoOi.— A. 8. glig, 
lodibriom. 10. Olaikt^ pi. A pnssle game, con- 
sisting in flpst taMng a number of rings off one of a 
laife slie, and then replacing them, Rozb. Meams. 
11. A toy for children, composed of several pieces of 
wood whidi harve the appearance of falling asunder, 
trat are retained in their places by strings, Roxb. 

To OLAIK, Olaikb, v. n. To spend time idly or play- 
fully, 8. Buret. 

OLAIKIB, Olackii, adj. BxpL "pleasant; chanm- 
log; enchanting,^ Ayrs. — Allied, perhaps, to Tout. 
fUtib-m, nttere. 

GLAIKING, «. Jolly. Dtmbar. 

OLAIKIT, Glaktt, part. adj. 1. Light; giddy, 8. 
Owipl. S. 2. Voolish ; rash. WaUaee. 3. Giddy ; 
Indnding the idea of coquetry, 8. Lgndtajf. 4. 
Stupid. 8yn. with doitit, Roxb. 

GLAIKITNESS, «, Giddiness ; levity, 8. 

GLAIKRUE, Glaikkkt, «. Lightheadedness ; giddi- 
ness, Perths. Niool Bume. 

OLATMORB, «. A two-handed sword, Botwell. 2. 
the coinm<m broad-sword, daffMre^ 8. Botwell. — 
Oafd. tiaidkamh^ a sword, tMrt^ great. 

GLAIB-HOLB, t. A mire, Tweedd. from OloMtf q. v. 
Synon. Ckamp. 

OLAUHB-VLAIRIES, ». pi. Gaudy trappings, Ang. 

OLAIBT-FLAIRY, ad{f. Gaudy; showy, 8. B.— £. 
flare, and/ore. 

OLAI8B, t. ' A glaise & ike ingle^ the act of wanning 
ooe^s self hastily at a strong fire, Selkirk s. V. Globi. 

To GLAI8TSR, «. n. Y. GLisrsa, v. 

OLAI8TER, i. A thin covering ; as, ef snow or ice. 
"There's a glaiiter o* ice the day." Ettr. for.; 
Glitter^ Berwicks. — This term is evidently the same 
with IsL glaettr, pruina, vel nive albicans. 

OLAI8TERIB, a4f. 1. A glaisterie day, one on which 
snow Iklls and melts, ibid. 2. Miry, Upp. Clydes. 

<3LAIZIB, ad^j. Glittering ; glossy, 8. Bnams. 

GLA MACK, t, A grasp, Aberd. Y. Glammaoh. 

GLAMEB, «. Noise. XHoUo^.— Isl. glamr-a, strepi- 

GLAMER, Glamoub, t. The supposed influence of a 
charm «n the eye, causing it to see ol^ects differently 
from what they really are. Hence, To eaat glamer 
efer one, to cause deception of sight, 8. Btteon.—Ui. 
^om, glaucoma in oculis gestans, fasdnatis oculis. 

GLAMSRIS, GLAUMBaiB, Gi.nmaaiB, t. nie same 
with GiameTf fflamour, Ayrs. 

GLAMMACn, t. A snatch ; an eager grasp, Ang. 2, 
A mouthful, Ang. Olam, glammiey 8. A.— Gael. 
glainun, a gobbet, glamkam, lo catch at greedily. Y. 

GLAMMIS, Guana, t. pi. 1. Pincers. Inventories. 
2. **Olaumtt instruments 4ued by horse-gelders, 
when gelding." OaU. iPiieyel.— This is evidently 
the same with Clamt, id. q. v. 

GLAMOUIT, part. oc^'. Pascinated. JEeeryreen. 

GLAMOUR-GIPT, t. The power of enchantment; 
metaph. applied to female fisscinations. Pieken. 

GLAMOUR-MIGHT, «. Power of enchantment Loff 
ZaH Min$tnl. 

To GLAMP, V. n. 1. To grasp Ineffectually, 8. B. 
tBotc. 2. To endeavour to lay hold of anything be- 
yond one's reach, 8. B. 8. To strain one's self to 
eatoh at anything. 4. It is used as signifying simply 
to grope in the dark, Aberd. Meams. Ang. This is 
viewed as the. primary sense. 

GLAMP, 4. A sprain, Ang. 

GLAMPIT, 4Mrl.^a. Sprained. 

GLAMROUS, iM^. Noisy. Wallace. 

'GLANCING-GLA88, t. A glass used by children for 
reflecting the rays of the sun on any object. The 
term is metaph. applied to a minister of the gospel, 
who makes a great show, without possessing soli- 
dity. Waiker'e BeBiorkaiUe PoMtagee. 

GLANT, prei. Litemlly, shone ; fh>m GUnt, Glint, 

GLAR, Glaue, t. 1. Mod} mire, 8. BeUend. 2. 
Any glutinous substance. Compl. S.—Vr. glairCt 
the white of an egg. 

GLA8CHAYE, a^j. Perhaps, voracious. Dunbar.-— 
8u. G. glupikf id. 

GLA8ENIT, Glasssbd, prd. Glased, supplied with 
glass. Addie. Scot. Cron. — Tent. gUuen^ vitreus. 

GLASGOW MAGISTRATE, t. A red herring, 8. A. 

GLA8HIE,«(^. HudMon. ** Quaere, ^loMyf" Sir 

GLASHTROCH, ad^j. A tenn expressive of continued 
rain, and the concomitant dirtiness of the roads, 

GLASINWRICHT, Glastvwxtoiit, t. The old term 
in 8. for a glamer. Aett C^a. J. 

To GLAS8-CHACK, v. a. To gla»s-<Aaek a window^ 
to plane down the outer part of a sa^b, to fit it for 
receiving the gUui, 8. 

•GLASSES, $. pi. Spectacles, for assisting the sight, 8. 

GLASSOCK, t. The Goal-flah, SutherL JSUUiH. Ace. 
In the Hebrides, cuddiet ; in Orkney, cootke; in 
SbetUnd, piltcockt. NeiU'e List of Fiska. 

To GLASTER, «. n. 1. To bark ; to bawl, Audd. 01. 
Skirr. glaieter. 2. To boast Douglas.— Yr. glast-ir^ 
to bark ; Su. G. glofs-a, id. ; also to speak foolishly. 
8. To babble ; pron. glaisterf Clydes. 

GLA8TBRER, s. A boaster. Caldervoood. 

GLASTRIOUS, ae^'. Apparently, contentious; or, 
perhaps, expressive of the temper of 'a braggadocia 
H. Blyd^s Cont. 

4JLATT0N, s. A handful, Clydes. Synon. with 
OUtckf q. V. 

'GLAUD, 4. The name of a man. Gentle Skepkerd, 
Apparently for Claude or davdius. 

To GLAUM, «. n. 1. To grope, especially in the dark, 
8. 2. To grasp at anything ; generally denoting a 
feeble and ineffectual attempt, 8. Bums. 8. ** To 
take hold of a woouudi indecorously." Gl. Surv. 
Ayrs.Sa. G. taga i glims, errare in capiendo, 
fmstrari. Y. Glaukp, «. 

(ILAUND.auinr, •- . 

OUkCRIX, *J/. 
GLK. Otmt. t. • 

-"" All. TaoliUUt. T.fiu»«««. 

<IIJtliBK&. jt. L. CtaiuiUi«. KiHh., QDui. Oou 

flI.ID. I. Tlukl^S.— 1. &*(«I<i.ff<>d<. T Gu 
Jti OLSIWR. I. ■. 1. T<>1<afeiu>(iiUilil>>uke*u 

HLKDOIC, 1. 1. ArUbh . 1 


«LBirS'Ci^we,i.ri. — 

~ u (n*dj ktvpliw. ilx' n hu (« Inu iki vM"!- 

■ - _ -««lT«^ 

VLKD-^fiXUP^ I. ft. C>M 

IkliHaplna. a. 
tiLKVS-WMtSeUt, a. HMarli. 
jrwilMiitirtiii*. 8, ' 

iiLtO. 1. AfBl-Bf. T.n». 

" H< nK rUft.- ^ ■«« ai 

.KIR OuaiM. I, 1. A MmlAf «kl. e> Ahw. „ 
L tuMit or bn^t In. B. frsU. S. tin, !■ gnt- 

Sn, Ol. Sltib. » 
hMMInft So* 
GUIVD. flLiu, t. 

n> GUtD, Bum >.■.¥(> lU^lBW. A £*!•. 
LKlDNnS, Ounus. OuHintM. •- 1. Tk* MM> 

a. 1. "" 1- - I I. n 

naUCKT. 8lBt, KB. LTa()un.4 

— "■t^>- voA ■■'« a. i*K 

auarr. aun. «. L a f^m -, sub, & ^n* 




QUBKER-OLABBER, t. VriToloos and eonfoaed talk, 

fife ; ajnon. Uo^ag ; X. giUMt-galbtile. 
GUB-OABBST, odf^'. Haviof aglibtongue, 8. ^nmt. 
QLn>, o^f. Slippery. Y. Olad. 
OLTD^ «. A tort of road ; or, periliapa, more into- 

perly an •pening, Abard. 
QLTDB, t. An old ho|^ Aberd. ^ioyd, id. Meams. 

Banffs. Y. Glotd. 
GLmX-AYXR, t. An old bona ar mare, Sonth of S. 

H99Q. Y. GLaro, Gudi. 
To QJJFWf Gu>pr, Glofv, v. ». To be seised with 

sodden fear, S. Jowmal Land, 
To Qhm, «. II. To aflMght ; to alaim, 8. A. It glift 

hiw^ Loth. Gktft, id. Calthn. 
GUFF, Gu>rF, GLurr, t. I. A sadden fear, Loth. 
Mmmajf. 2. The shock felt in plunging into water, 
8. B. Bott, 8. Glow ; uneasy sensation of heat, 
GLIFF, «. 1. A transient ilew, 8. 2. A moment, 8. 

Ctug Mamn, 8. A short sleep, Dumftr. 
GLIFFH, Quwrr, t. A moment, 8. ; a diminutive 

GLIFFIN, t. 1. A surprise, Ayrs. Pieken. 2. A 
tnd den glo w of heat, Ayrs. Ol. Pidcen. 

Tq GLIFFIN, «. It. To open the eyes at intervals. In 
awaking tnm » distorbed sleep. Barbotw. Y. 

GLIFBING, a. A feeble attempt ; as to gmsp at any- 
thing ; apparently ^ynon. with €Haum, Molloek on 

GLIM, «. The reno-eal disease, Ayrs. 

GUM, $, An ineffectual attempt to lay hold of an 
olUeet, Aberd. 8kirrff$, 

To Gu OM the Gum. To give one tne slip ; to disap- 
point one, Aberd. 

GUM, 04^ BUnd, Aberd.— IsL tftom, visu hebes. 

Jo GLIME, v. n. 1. To look askance or asquint, 
Bozb. 2. To cast a glance on ; used in a general 
sense, 8elkirks. Brovmie of Bodtbeck. ^ To view 
imperUnenUy with a stolen side look, continued for 
some time, T7pp. lAnarks. 

GLIMX, s. An indiscreet look directed sideways to- 
wards an ot^eet for some time. 

GLIM-GLAM, «. 1, Blind-man's buff, Aberd. 2. I 
am told that, i» Angus, this word is used to denote a 
sly look or wink ; but my information is not quite 
satisfactory. Y. Qkaum. 

To GUMMSB, V. n. To bUnk ; to wink, 8. 

GLIMMER, f. Mica of mineralogists. Loth. Y. 


GLIMMUB, t. The person who is blindfolded in the 
sport of Blindnnan's-buff, Aberd. Dimln. of gUm. 

To GLINK, 9. n. To look obliquely ; to cast a glance 
to cme side, Ayrs. 

GLINK, «. A side-look. ibid. 

To GLIKK, V. a. 1. To Jilt, Border ; Blink, synon. 
^lli». 2. To look askance on; or as expressive of 
the transient clmracter of such affection, as it may 
be compared to a fleeting glance. In this sense a 
jilt is said to ifU one the glaikt. 

To GLINT, V. n. To glance, Ac. Y. Gikiirr, v. 

OLISK, t. 1. A glance of light; a transient ray, 
Dnmfr. 2. A transient view, 8. J. Nieol. 8. It Is 
aomellBKS used to denote a light affectiim in any 
way ; aa, "A gUdt of cauld," a slight cold, Fife.— 
Isl. glit, nitor. 

OLISNYT, GLisnrr, prefc Blinked, Uke one newly 
awakened. Aw^rloi.— A. 8. alim-icMS, oomscare. 

To GLI88, V. M. 1. To shine ; to glister. Hard^nmU, 

2. To cast a glance with the eyes. Sir Gateais. — 
Germ. gUist-en, fulgere. 
GLY8S0RT. Probably, gxilsea, i. e. young salmon. 

Keith's Hitt. 
GLISTER, «. Lustre, fnoot.— 8a. G. gliMtra, scintilla. 
GLIT, t. 1. Tough phlegm, 8. 2. Ooie in the bed of 

a river, 8.— Isl. gtaiy glaet-Of humor. 
GLITTIS, a<0'' Having a very smooth surfisce ; often 
applied to that which has become so smooth that it 
will not sharpen edge tools, Bozb.— Su. G. glatt, 
GLITTIE, a4j. Oosy ; slimy, 8. Hogg. 
GLITTILIB, adv. ** In the manner of ooie." Clydes. 
GLITTINE8S, «. Oociness, Olydes. [Aberd. 

GLOAM. It glooms, v. imp. ; twilight comes on, 
QLOAMO, a. The evening twilight, Loth. ; synon. 
with Gloamin, This appears to be the same witli 
Oloam% q. v. 
GLOAMIN, GuNCUto. «. Evening ; twilight, 8. A, 

Hume. — A. 8. glotnung^ id. 
GLOAMIN, a4}. Belonging to the evening twilight, 8. 

Blaekw. Mag, 
GLOAMING-FA', t. The fall of evening, South of 8. 
GLOAMIN-SHOT, t. A twilight Interval which work- 
men within doors take before using lights, 8. Bums. 
GLOAMIN-STAB, «. The evening-star. Loth. 
GLOAM'T. part. oof/. In |he state of twUight. 8t, 

GLOAN, t. Substance ; strength ; as, " It has nae 

atoan," it has no substance, Aberd. 
To GLOCK, V. a. To gulp^ including the idea of aonnd, 
Ang. WadU, synon. — Tent, ftlodk-en, sonitum 
reddere, qualem angnsti oris vasculum sdet. 
GLOCK, 8. A gulp, Ang. 
To GLOCKEN, v. a. To astound, Dumfr. 
GLOCKEN, Glookoim*, t. 1. **A start, from a 
fright." OaU. Bncyd, 2. An unexpected disaster, 
GLOFF, «. A sudden fright, 8. Y. Glipf. 
To GLOFF, Gurr, «. n. 1. To feel a sudden diock in 
consequence of plunging into water, or perhaps to 
shudder from the shock, 8. B. Bou. 2. To take 
fright ; to be seised with a panic, 8. B. 
GLOFF, $. 1. A sudden, partial, and transitoi^ change 
of the atmosphere surrounding a person, caused by a 
change in the undulation. Ettr. For. 2. The sensa- 
tion produced by this change ; as, ** I fand a great 
gJoff o' heat," 8. 8. It is also applied to darkness, 
when occasionally it appears denser to the eye than 
in other parts of the atmosphere, Ettr. For. 
To GLOFF, V. n. To take unsound sleep, Fife. 
GLOFF, a. Unquiet or disturbed sleep, lb. [ibid. 

GLOFFIN, «. Unquiet sleep of very short duration, 
GI>OG, a4j. Black ; dark ; having the appearance of 
depth; as, '^ThatisaoWbole," Roxb. Perhaps 
Dan. glug, a hole. 
GLOG, adj. Slow. €flog-rinnin water, a river that 
runs slowly, Perths. — Gael. 9209, a soft lump, gliooar, 
To GLOG oiore, «. m. To swallow hastily ; to gulp 

down, Aberd. 
GLOG, a. A hasty draught, ibid. Y. Glook. 
QLOGGIE, 9di. Dark and hasy ; misty ; applied to the 

state ef the atmosphere. Loth. 
OLOT, t. 1. The withered blades stripped off from 
stimw, 8. B. DougtoM. 2. Oaten straw, Oricn. 8. A 
hasty thrashing, so as only to beat out the best grains, 
Olydes.— Fr. gl¥i^ HoU. fflnfe, stiamen amndi- 


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Tb OLUNSH, V. n. 1. To poat, 8. ; q1um$K, Vife. 
Banu. 2. To be in a dogged hoinoar, Rozb.— Id. 
gfcwilra, jocQS| mordftz. 
OLUNSH, «. 1. A soar look, 8. Burnt. 2. A fit of 

dogfednoM, Rozb. 
OLUNSH, Olcxoh, adj. Baring a war or diaoon- 

tented look. Loth. Sooth of S. Antiquary. 
QLtTNSHYK, Oluvohtb, adj. 1. Morose; in bad hom- 

onr, Belkirks. Hogg, 2. Dogged, Bozb. Wint. 

Mten. Tales. 
To GLUNT, V. n. To emit iparki, Ang. Y. Glkkt. 
To QLXJNT, V. n. To pont ; to look sour, Perths. Fife. 

In fife it i8 naed with greater emphasis than OUmt. 

To iflivaU at one, to look at one with displeasare, 

Bozb. Vife. 
OLUNTKB^ t. One who hasa morose or soar look, ibid. 
OLUNTIE,«. A soar look, Ibid. 
GLUNTIB, adj. Tall, meagre, and haggard, Bozb. 
GLUNTEB, $. An emaciated woman, ibid. 
GLUNTOGH, «. A stupid fellow, Bozb. Bvidentty 

from the same origin with QlvMdie. 
GLUPX, «. A great chasm or cavern, Calthn. Stat. 

:4ec.— Isl. gHuf-Tf hiatus, per quem precipitantur 

•OLU8H, ^. Any thing in tiie state of a palp ; snow 

when beginning to melt, S. T. Slusoh. 
GLD8H1B, adj. Abounding with snow in a state of 

liqueCsctlon ; as, '* The road's awfa* alttth«e," Ang. 

Bjnon. Slmhie^ 8. 
•iGLnTHEB, 9. A rising -or Ulllng of the. throat; a 

goggling Bonnd in it, as Of one drowning ; caused by 

grief, or otherwise, preventing distinct articulation ; 

aa, *' A gUUker cam into his throat, and hindered 

him fkae speaking," Bozb. 'OvlUr^ sjrnon. PeHU 

of Man. Y. GLunnaB, «. 
To GLUTHEB, v. n. 1. To be affected in the way 

described above ; lo make* noise In the throat, asa 

person drowning, ibid. H. To swallow food voraci- 
ously and ungracefolly, so as to make a noise with 

the throat, 8. Syooo. Slvbber.^Ia this sense it 

approaches nearly to 0. Fr. gUmtcy-fr, manger goulu- 

mcnt ; Lak gltUire. V. GLirnDBS, v. 
*OLUTHEB, t. The ungraceful noise made in swallow- 
ing, 8. 
• GLTJT8, t. pt. 4. Two ^wedges used in tempering the 

plough. The end of the beam being moveable in the 

ttUt into which it was inserted, these wedges were 

az^ently emplojed in raising or depressing it, Clydes. 

2. The same name is given to the wedges used in 

tightening- the hooding of a flail, ibid. 
-OLUTTBfi, 8. Gluttony. WalUux. 
GNAFF, 8. Any small or stunted ot^ect, Loth. Nf^, 

iijK^, q. V. is nearly allied ; but properly applied to 

persons. Saxon and Gad. 
To GNAP, «. n. To chirp. Police. Hbn.— Teat, knapp- 

en, crepitare. 
To GNAP, V. a. To eat, 8. B. Y. Gsrr. 
GNAP, t. A bite, S. B. B088. 
To GNAP, V. n. 1. To attempt, 8. B. Gl, Shirr. 2. 

To bite at MelvUVsM.S. 
OWAP, t. The act of attempting to speak after the 

English manner ; the act of clipping words, 8. B. Y. 

KsAP, Khop, v. n. 
GNAPING, j>art.j7r. Bzpresslve of es^^emess. Bou. 

— Isl. gnap-^k^ intentus intneri. 
GNABB, i. A hard knot in wood, 8.— Tent, hnerre^ id. 
To GNAT, V. a. 1. To gnaw, Ang. 2. To grind the 

the teeth, Ang. — Isl. ffnat-Ot colUdi. ' 
GNAT, $. A bite ; a snap, Ang. 

GNAW, ». A slight, partial thaw, Aberd. Perhaps 

a metaph. use of the term, as signifying to nibble, 

q. only a nibbling at the firost. 
GNECK, «. A notch, as in a stick, Moray.— 8n. G. 

noeka, crena, incisura ; B. Nick. 
GNEEP, GvBiP, t. A foolish fellow ; a booby ; a 
■ ninny ; as, Te Wnd gneep^ Aberd. 
GNBIGIE, adj. Sharp-witted, Morays. Pop. Ball, 

Y. KxAorr. 
To GNEI8LE, «. a. To gnaw, Aberd.— Sn. G. gnid-a, 

stridere, stridulum sonare. 
GNEW, j>ret. of the v. to gnaw. Bo$ft H. 
GNIB, adj. 1. Clever in motion or action, 8. B. 

Bott. 2. Light-fingered, 8. B.— 8u. G. knappe^ 

cituf, knapphaendig^ qui manu promptus est ; Ban. 

Xmi&f, arete tenere. 
roGNIl>GE, V. a. 1. To press ; to squeese, 8. Poemt 

Buck. Dial. 2. To knidge aff^ to rub off, 8. & 

Boa.— lai. Jmot-o, to thrust ; Teut knudi-en, to beat. 
To GNTP, Gmp, Ghap, v. a. 1. To crop ; to gnaw. 

Douglas. 2. To eat, S. B. — Germ. Jbnetpp-en, IsL 

knyp^ vellere. 
GNIPPBB poa GNOPPEB. An alliterative phrase 

used to ezpress the sound made by a mill in grinding. 

Pop. Ball.—Sn. G. knaepp-a^ to knap. 
To GNOW, V. a. To gnaw. J^ettontn^ beluix Cfrotra- 

guell and J. Knox. 
GO, i. A person is said to be i«jM>n go who is stirring 

about, and makinga fuss. A thing is said to be upon 

0o, when jnuch in use, Aberd. 
GO of the fear. The latter part of it, when the day 

becomes very short, 8. 
GOADLOUP, $. The gantelope, a military punishment. 

Yfbdrow.— Sw. gcUulopp^ id. 
CK)AFI8H, cu^'. Stupid, foolish, Gall. Y. Gorr, Gcrr, 

G0VU8, and Gow. 
GOAK, interj. An ezclamation ezpressive of sorprise, 

Berwicks. ; a sort of oath, Ooak me I 
To GO AM, GoMB, V. a. 1. To pay attention to ; to 

own ; to care for. It is generally used in a n^^tive 

form ; as, " He never.i;oain'< me ;" he took no notice 

of me ; be looked as if he did not know me. In the 

same sense, a ewe is said not to goam a strange lamb, 

Bozb. 2. Applied tooneso-OQpressed with sickneits 

as not to take notice of any object, ibid. 
To GOAH, vu.n. To gaxe atwut wildly ; applied either 

to man or beast. Loth. ; syn. Ooave. 
To GOAN, V. n. To lounge, Aberd. 
GOAN, «. A wooden dish for meat. Loth. Bamioy.— 

Isl. gogn, utensilia familiaria. 
CK)ABE, «. , A hurt ; a wound. Bp. Forbes.— C. B. 

goTt pus. 
GOAT, s. 1. A narrow cavern or inlet, into which the 

sea enter^ Ang. 2. A small trench. Wedderb. 

Fooa6.— IsL gioota, cavema terrae, gat, foramen. 
To GOAT, V. a. To drive into a trench ; a tenn for- 
merly, at least, used at golf. Y. the s. 
GOAT-CHAFFEB, s. Ceiambyz sdilis. JSibbald. 
GOAYB, s. A broad vacant stare, Bozb. Y. Goir, v. 
TbCJOAYE, v.n. Bozb. Y. GoiP. 
GOB, s. 1. The mouth. Chr. Kirk. 2. The stomach, 

8. gebbie. Maitt. P.— Gael, gob, the bill. 
GOBICH, s. The goby, a fish. Stat. Aoe. 
GOCK, GooKia, s. A deep wooden dish, Aberd. ; 

probably from a common origin with Cog, Coag, q. v. 
GOGKMIN, GoKMAK, s. A sentlneL Jfaitin.— Gael. 

godidman, a watchman. 
GODBAIBNB, s. Godchild. Xyndftsy.— A. 8. god- 

beamt poor lostiicas. 

GOD : 

<IOI)DIIt1.rTCH. ri^. SlulUth. ILitnl. ^ ftrP"™"; 

Ibaniu Tltb OmherliiA. g. t. 
OODKATB. o^. Osol : daUlxnie, G^l. 
QODKATBI.IK, odn. OoaIIj, Ibl^ Pmlablr rrom A. 8. 
0i)<(.boDiii,i>ruiicn!f]iiif twin, and rwcl,(»iiilUuin. 
OOD-BBND, (. 1. »Dt beuefil fbteti comu lo mt 
afeolrHy in ■ Ums cif neoeul^ ; i], *bU bu 
re HNt iauDfdiiMT bj ffod, 8. 7H. ;><niCi. 1. 
a tenn UHd in Uis OckBi; und RlicUuid liliadm 
itenote Uie wnck wblQh L« iliiveij uhorv b7 tbe 
.tM. ni PiraU. 
keOB.Uig,f. AcTRk. JViOI. T. ata, 
BHiOWR, Ooir. Oovrr, flowrr, (Idwl'iii, Obv, t 
rfberd, JIu. Il wnDld ty^ttr thtt (hi) Urtn. ulilch 

Of jrtllofj.— pMhiiiiitFooiC, B, »iiJVn. iKiyii, ■ftuor, 

I OOFr. f. A re 

I To aovFBB. B, 

OLDISO, 1. A •(. 
OOLUSflNK, t. 

agLU, oiuB, i. J 

'. Omu... Oool. 

GOLF. Gurr. (ioor 

Trrj hard vLIb fci 
lis vho <tri>u b: 

Abinl. Kef. A. UW. 3. Omif. ■ itnikiv 

OOLF-BAW. I. Th« btll (InKk la Iht f 
~ Tciil.tnl^Wai. pllkcliKitriL V. Ot< 

a. PUilt-amt'Toa, Ac.. Roib. Laih, 

I UOUAB-WOBU. AimrinoriMirmMlraniKitilVMi 
Ncnii, Uit.). uiHl for bull Id DKbibi ; riliTgR 
B Ibe (110. riDi. A[iiiiiKtitly ■ BmudloBTb 

I ra UOGGB, I, a. TaMtaAroM. Z, ffoyii. 
I UOOOLK. ooty. Ktcmntt^ dnuBl, VifC. 
F 00«l(}US8.i.i>l. minilt lot honci, a. 
01IGLET. i. AuBkU polwltbuloag bBDrlle 

- r« oor, Oor sM 

Lecoj. Abenl- 
I Tt OOIir. Ooci. 

0. MiT-m. »A«i«u 

Bv.ffap-i>,>vldE Intoori ; 

I fiOIV-UAW, I. AMIforplnilBg 

(lOIFF, 1. A (une. V, Ohlt. 

«UYtT, ojtf. aU^; (tBimh, Abtnl. PmUl 

pATl, p«. of C^i «o Altun. Thli w™ «!■) 1 

I OUVI.EB,i. SiippuBoJle be*tl*UHi>Piii»il 
relic Gull.— Umd. gndUiT. oi whUcr. 1 

von, I. A jounf ortlffKei I 
«CH. .. I. Th»r=>><'lc 
Tbi «u«l|j. Lolh.— GkL 

I flO-Utail, Dn-UiMiiii, 1. . 
H ■ naaiu at * riuiUi il 
.d liUrh, kio. 
OOLDKH,!. A Jill « laud cr 
1. B. tcMar, UouUlio. 

d. Gtll. 

. L*»f-gim. a Y. mr«. 


DDUKVIK, 1, ApraraDUrftnobu 

. laUng word. 
flOUL J. Ciiekoe, V. Go™. 
OOMUIAUTliR, i. Soina hind << 

VGOLLAR, OotLia.^*. 1. 1 
Hoad, Boib. JAitV' 1- Ta ip 
•lenBta,, and Inanlrnlu 
fltqiunltj kpgiicd M doii, ob 


OOLLIS. t. Tbe aet of bavllnf. Diunri EiMoiUt 
tfon Ihe HU ortgla wllb thut. a. <). >. 

ronOLLIKS, •>,■>. Ta>n>ia.Api. Tbia l> mdraUf 
apnwiucial railcij of OaJylE. GtUft, BiBt C«4, 
batli Imvlog Ihf laae ilgalAtiilin. 

0<)I.U»IIll,i. One wbo 9^ Er»<l>r. ToTiotdtf*-. 
ntmic, ibe lhnM> and lun, oera, cutliB: : 

A wopld tei\im ; k blDDfi 


nnlb, fTiUoM.— Moil 

GOMKRIUU0¥aiL,a4'. r<iolltb;De 

Goff Jtnc^al. T. GnrmaafidflDii 
GUHRGIJ, ataruttl.u '■ A tlopld Wltir,i 

niir.— F> inCaiirg, nM vbealnda nsiblnt h 

liiillj ^ 111. 9ambr^a. bliiflTVf^ JactAn. 
OGNVKL,!. 1. A binn, Uljdu)wl |wrBn, B«», %. 

A stupid filkm, tbid. i VBHk »»ivU. J.Aeirj . 

KED, jiarl. pa, " Cbialsd." 
tl, bealw ; I OONTBItKtllLIUKik i. Hipl. >'(! 

(ha. ■ 




60NTERNS, Ooarmias, interj. A term expreuiTe of 
Joyous adminfcioo, ibid. 

CK)NTBUM-NIDDLSS. An expreaiion of the eune 
kind, ibid. 

OOO, GV, «. A full ; merely the ScotUah pronaneia- 
tion of the S. name of this q>eele8 of bird, Mearns. 
y. Gov, id. 

GOO, «. A particular taste or savour, geneially of an 

onfratefol kind, S.— From Fr. gout^ id. 
To GOO, «. n. To coo ; a term used with respect to 

inCsnts, 8. — 0. B. cuaw, to he loving. 
To GOOD, GuDix, V. a. To manure. Y. 6udi. 
GOODMAN, 8. 1. A proprietor of land, 8. MdviUe. 
y. GvDB, adj. sense 3. 2. The owner of a single 
turn which he himself occupies. Bp. OdUcwaif. 3. 
A farmer, 8. Burm. 4. A husband. Y. Gudbmar. 
6. The master of a family, 8. Dunbar. 6. Equivalent 
to won. K. Hart. 7. A Jailor. Wodrow. 8. By in- 
▼erslon this designation has been given to the devil. 
Amot. 0. Totmo G^Mdemon, Y<nut0 Goodmcuh ** a 
man newly married," 8. Ol. Burnt. 

GOODMAN'S MILK. The mUk that is first skimmed 
tnm a sour 000, after the cream has been taken off 
for the chum. As, if possible, none of the milk must 
be mixed with the cream, a portion of the latter re- 
mains ; which makes the upper part of the milk, 
that is taken out of the vessel, richer than what is 
left behind. It is therefore considered as a morsel 
czchuively belonging to the head of the fsmily, be- 
cause of its superior quality, 8. 

GOOD NEIGHBOUBS. 1. A tiUe given to the Fairies, 
& Montgomaie^M Flying. 2. A flattering desiirna- 
tion formerly given to Witches. Trial of Aliton 
Pearaon. . 

OOODWIFE, t. 1. Formeriy used to denote the wife | 
of a proprietor of land. WaUon't Coll. Y . Goon- 
MAM. 2. A farmer's wife, 8. 8. A female farmer ; 
a woman who manages a farm, 8. 4. Simply, a 
wife, 8. Y. Gui>wiFa. 5. The mistress of a house ; 
a housewife, 8. 6. The mistress of an inn. WaUace. 

GOOD-WILLER, «. One who wishes well to another, 
8. PiUcoUi^tCron. 

■GOOG, s. 1. An unfledged bird, Ang. 2. Very young 
meat that has no firmness, Ang. — A. 8. oeoffuih, 

GOOL, GvLi, a4j. Yellow. Dunbmr.—A. 8. ^eolw, 
fftnd, 8u. G. 0mZ, id. 

GOOL, GooLo, «. Com marigold. V. Guilds. 

GOOLGRAYE,*. Strong manure, FbeU.— Isl. cruU, 
flavus, and grt^f, eanies r 

To G008E, «. a. To iron Oinen clothes, 8. From a 
tailor's goou. 

OO0SB<?0RN, a. Field Brome-grass, S. Named in 
Fife Oootf-girg.— 8w. gaa$ha/r£^ i. e. goose-oats. 

OO0SS-FLE8II, t. A term used to denote the state of 
the skin, when it is raised into small tubercles, io 
consequence of cold or fear, so as to resemble that of 

. a plucked fowl, Roxb. 
■GOOSSY, OI78S1K, «. Properly, a young sow; some- 
times used more generally, 8. Hogg's Br. of BoiA. 
Y. Gunii. 

Tc GOPE, «. n. To palpitate ; to beat as a pulse. Y. 

GORAYICH, «. Uproar. Y. GiLaAVAOB, of which 
this is a corr. 

GORB, «. A young bird, Dumfr. Y. Gasb. 

GORBACK, «. A sort of rampart, Orkn. It is also 

oalled 3V«b.— Isl. ^fer-o, fhoeie, and MJc-r, stnies. 
'GORBBLu Y. Goaauxo. 

€K)RB£T, t. 1. A young unfledged bird, 8. B. LfnA- 
$ay. It is also pron. Oorblet, Dumfr. 2. Metaph. 
a child, Ang. Y. Gamb. 

GORBY, 8. A raven, 8. oorfty. DougUu, — Norw. 
gorp, IsL gorboTf id. ; Lat. oonms. 

To GORBLE UP, «. a. To swallow with eagerness, 
Loth. Bamtay. 

To GORBLE, v. n. *'To eat ravenously." OaU, 
Encjfd. Y. To GokBLB up. 

€K)RBLET-HAIR, «. The down of unfledged biids, 
Aberd. Mearns ; synon. OorUn-hair. 

GORBLING, Goauso, t. An unfledged bird, 8. gorM^ 
Mearas; Moray. Bamaay. 2. A very young per- 
son. Loth. id. 

GOR-COCK, t. The red oock, or moorcock. Ainu. 

GORDED, part. pa. Frosted ; covered with crystalli- 
sations, Gail. '^Oorded Loaena, panes of window- 
glass, in the time of frost are so termed." OaU. 
Encyd. Y. Guan, v. 

GORDLIN, a. A nestling, 8. B. ; evidently the same 
with Oorlin. Tarraa. 

GORDON, t. A species of wild fowl. Y. GoLonro. 

GORDS, a. pi. Lauds now waste, that had formerly 
been cultivated, Orkn. — 8u. G. gordt sepimentnm, 
area clausa. [Gaae. 

GORE, t. Hardened rheum fk'Om the eyes, 8. Y. 

€K)RE, a. A strip of cloth. Y. Gaib, and Gvschbt. 

CK)RE, interj. Expressive of surprise, Upp. Clydes. 
Yiewed as, like Ooak, a profanation of the name of 
God ; perhaps oontr. from Cfod be here I 

GORE-CROW, t. Apparently, the carrion crow. 
Blackw. Mag. June 1820. 

GOREHIRDING, a. The harvest-home, Shett.— Isl. 
gor^ maturus, and 8w. groeda^ the harvest. 

GORE-PATE, interj. An exclamation used by the 
vulgar in Roxb. Y. Goaa, inierj. 

GORESTA, a. The boundary of a ridge of land, Shetl. 
—Allied probably to Dan. giaerda; Isl. gaard^t sepes. 

GORFY, adj. Having a coarse appearance, Ang. 
Y. Gaorr. 

To CK)RGE, V. n. Expressing the sound made in 
walking, when the shoes are filled with water, nfe, 
Synon. dkork. Y. Cbibk. 

GORGE. Not understood. Dunbar. 

GORGETCHES, a. pi. A calFs pluck, vis. the heart, 
liver, and lights, Ayrs. Y. HAaioAuis. 

GORGOULL, a. Perhaps harpy. Burd. 

GORKIE, adj. Nauseous ; applied to anything that 
excites disgust, Perths. 

To GORL, V. a. To surround the thatch of a stack 
with straw-ropes. Loth. — Su. G. giord^ dngere* 

GORLIN, t. A neckcloth. Loth.— Su. G. giord^ cin- 

GORLIN, adj. Bare ; unfledged, 8. A. Y. Gobbliio. 
GORLING, GoBLiif, a. A nestling ; an unfledged bird, 

Clydes. Roxb. Dumfr. ; also pron. gorblin. 
GORLIN-HAIR, a. The down of unfledged birds, 

Clydes. Y Gobbbt. 
GORLINS, . pi. The testicles of a ram, Lanarks. 
GORMAND, a. A glutton, Fr. Lyndaay. 
GORHAND, adj. Gluttonous, ibid. 
GORMAW, 8. GorLMsw, a. 1. The Cormorant. 
Compl. 8. 2. A glutton, Laiuirks. — Tout, gorre, 
valde avarus, maeghe, stomachus; Sw. 0orma, to 
gobble up. 
To GORROCH, (gutt.), «. a. " To mix and spoU por- 
ridge." (Toll. JSncyd. 
GORSK, a. Strong rank grui, Banfla. ; lynon. Octk, 

q. V. Swv, Ba^ffi, 




CKniBTT, a4j, 1. DeiolAte ; dreary, S. DougUu, 2. 
OkiMfly; pretcmatiuml. Pop. Ball. 8. Applied to 
A peracm whose hacB^rd appearaDoe marks his being 
wasted bj age or disease ; emaciated and ghastly, 
Aberd.— O. 7r. gati, wasteness, guaU-tTt to desolate. 

OOUSTBOUS, a4f. 1. Dark ; wet ; stormy. Dnmfr. 
a. Frightful, ibid. Ayrs. 8. Strong and active, Loth. 
4. Boisterous, mde, and Tiolent, ibid. — Isl. oioftr, 
Tentns Mgidns. 

QOUTHABT, part, adi, Bxp\. " affHghted ; all in a 
fiif^t ;" vsoaUy applied to those who look as if they 
bad seen a qwctre, Dumfr.; evidently from the same 
origin with Qumtkerfow, 

OOUTHBBIOW, adj. Having the appearance of as- 
tonishment ; staring wildly, Ang.— Isl. galldr, incan- 
tatioi q. gdUdmr-fuU, under the power of incantation. 

OOirm,*. A drop. Sooth of & Htartqf Mid-Loth. 
— Fr. id. iK0mUa. 

OOTI78, i. A simple, stupid person, Fife. — From Fr. 
9q0ie, ItaL fqfOf a fooL ▼. Ocrr, 2. 

OOW, 9. The <rid generic name for the gull, «. *' Oavia, 
a OOW," Wedderb, Vooab. ▼. Ooaiuw. 

OOW, «. A fool, Qall. This must be viewed as ori- 
ginaUy the same with Oof, id. 

OOW, t. A halo ; a cloudy, colourless circle surround- 
ing the disc of the son or moon, Ang. Brugh, 
synofi.— Isl. iffU, parhelion. 

OOW, t. To lak the goWf to run off without paying 
one's ddtia, Ang.— O. Teut gouw, a country. 

OOW AN, t. 1. The generic name for daisy, 8. Brand. 
2. Sin^, It denotes the mountain-daisy, S. Burnt. 
— Gael. 0iV(m, a daisy. 

XwB-Oawia, «. The common daisyi S. B. ; probably 
from the ewe, as being frequent In pastures, and fed 
OB by sheep. 

Hoass-Oowia, «. The Leoniodon, the Hypochaeili^ 
and die OrepIs, S. 

Labob Wnra Oowaji. The ox-eye. 8. 

LooKSS-OowAJi. TThe Globe-flower. V. Lccxm. 

WiTOK-CkHria, t. ** WUck-gowan Jlowfrt mn lai^e 
ydlow gowans, with a stalk filled with pernicious 
sap, resembling milk, and called by the peasantry 
Witeka^mak.** Bemains NilksdaU Song. 

Tbixow-Oowav. In S. denoting different species of 
the Banunculus, the Marsh Marigold, and Com 
Marigold. Bamiaf. 

OOW AND, t. Apparently .equivalent to young nan. 
AearysoiM.— A. 8. gowen, tirocinium ; q. in a state 
of apprenticeship. 

GOWAN'D, parL adj. Covered with the mountain 
dal^. TarroM. 

OOWAN-OABBIT, adj,. 1. A term applied to the sky, 
when it is very clear in the morning ; as, " We'll 
hae rain or night, this morning's o'er goyoanifobbU," 
Lotti. Bozb. "A ^owon-aoMtt day,** a sunshiny 
day, when the ^oioafw have disclosed themselves, 
B<nb. 2. Transferred to the hnman face ; having 
much red and while ; viewed as & mark of delicacy 
of constitution, Boxb. 

OOWANT, adj. 1. Abounding with daisies, 8. Ran^ 
soy. 2. Having a fair but deceitful appearance ; as, 
a gewanie day, Fife. FUeehin, synon. 

OOWAN-SHANK, «. The stalk of a mountain-daisy, 
Ayrs. Pidcen. 

OOWCHT, i. V. Qorr, Goif , Ac 

OOWD, t. Oold. 

Oawo n Oowpsm. Money in great store, or without 
betaig counted. ▼. Oouraa. 

To Lay Oowd. To embroider. Y. Lat. 

OOWDANOOK, i. The Saury Pike, a fish, Frith of 
Forth. NeOl. " It seems to be rare in the southern 
or Snglidi seas; but it Is not uncommon In the 
north of Scotland; and almost every autumn it 
enters the Frith of Forth in considerable shoals. 
Here it is named Oowdnook, Oowdanook, or Oai/^- 
nook, and sometimes, Egypt-herring," NtilVt List 

GOWDEN-KNAP, t. A species of very small sweet 
pear, Stirllngs. 

GOWDT, t. 1. A Jewel. Evergreen. Chaucer, 
goiudee, Fr. 2. Oowdy is used as a fondling term in 
addressing a child, or any beloved otject, as, Jfy 
goufdy, Caitbn. 

QOWDIB. ^eelf o^er gowdie, topsy-turvy, 8. Burnt. 

GOWDIE, t. The Drsgonet, a fish, Loth. NeOl't 
Litt qf Fithet, The Oumsxd, Meams. V. CuAsn- 


GOWDIE, 9, A designation for a cow, from Its light 
yellow colour, q. that of aold, Upp. Lanarlcs, Fife. 

GOWDIB, t, " He's gain hee [high] gowdie lane," a 
phrase used In Galloway and Dumfr. to signify that a 
child is going fairly out, or walking alone. 

GOWDIE, t. A goldfinch, 8. Y. Goldib. 

GOWDIE-DUCK, t. The golden-eye, Shetl. Anas 
Clangula, Linn. 

GOWNDIE, t. That species of duck called Anas 
Clangula, Linn. Fife; corrupted from £. name 

GOWDSPBING, t. A provincial name for the gold- 
finch, Lanark s. It is also Ooldie or Oooldie. 

GOWF, t. A blow that causes a hollow sound. A 
gowfin the haffit, a blow behind the ear, S. 

CK)WF, t. To the gowf, to wreck, to ruin, Aberd. 
Perhaps q. driven off like a bail by the club. 

To GOWFF, «. a. To strike, S. RiUon. 

CK)WFFI8, #. pi, V. Gori, Govrr. 

GOWFBB, t. Inventoriet. Cloth with figures raised 
on it by means of printing-irons. — From Fr. gavffr6, 
•• printed." 

GOWGAIB, t, A mean, greedy, selfish fellow, 
Teviotd. Perhaps from gowd-gair, greedy of gold. 

GOW-GLENTIE, t. EzpL "a sharp, interesting 
child," Dnmfr. 

GOWINIS, t. pi. Gowns. Henrytone. 

G0WI8, t. pi. A species of punishment. T. Gofb. 

GOWISHNESS, t. Folly, Galloway. 

GOWISTAIB, t. " A woman sentenced to stand in the 
Oowittair for two hours." Ab. Beg. This probably 
denotes the ttair, or elevated steps, on which the 
juggt were fixed. Y. Gora, Gowis, Ac. 

GOWK, GouB, t. A fool, 8. JSaiiiMy.— Franc, gouch, 
stolidus ; Germ, gentch. 

GOWK, OOLX, t. The cuckoo, 8. ^OMcJtoo, 8. B. godc, 
Stirlings. Dunbar.— Su. G. goek, Isl. gouk-r, id. 

To SBB TBB Gowk in one's sleep. I. To imagine a 
thing without any solid foundation ; to be given to 
vagaries, Fife. 2. Used as a proverbial phrase, de- 
noting a change of mind, in consequence of conviction 
that one was in an error, Fife. 

GOWK-BEAB, t. Great golden Malden-hair, Ayrs. 
**6ovkl>ear, Polytriohum commune." Agr. Surv. 

GOWKIT, Gauckit, GrcKiT, porf. oc^;. 1. Foolish, 8. 
Lyndtay. 2. light; applied to young women. 
PeUit Play. 

GOWKITLIE, adv. FooUshly. Maia. P. 

GOWK-LIKE, a4j. Having the appearance of folly, 
8. 0. Big. Daltom. 


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BMicj. It retained its original form in Gbaaoei't 

J lord, Ood ihMik It ymi (qntid di*} 

TIhU jr* b«u »v«d DM mjr Aildrcn dm 

CbrAct fW*. 

OR4IM, Gkaxb, «. 1. The branch of a tree, & B. 
AtU Jo. YI. 2. The stem of a plant. Dong. 8. 
▲ blanch of a river, 8. Jkmg. 4. It also lignifleB 
the branches of a valley at the npper end, where it 
dlTldea into tiro ; as, Lewinshope oraina. South of 
8. 6. In pi. the pion(c> of a fork, 8.— 8a. Q. ^renns. 
Id. irrein-a, dividere, areimt dlstinctlo. 

re GBAINB, Gaixi, «. n. To groan, 8. Douglaa. 
—A. 8. flron-tan, Belg. irrcm-eii, id. 

GBAINE, Gkaxi, «. A groan, 8. Chr. Kirk. 

G&AlNKEKt «. The name given to the knife used by 
tanners and skinners for taking off the hair from 
skins, 8.— Teat, ^rom-er, synon. with ^oerw-en, 
peUes coniicere. 

GRAINTEB, «. One who has the chaige of ganailes. 
^Sfndfoy. — Fr. greneUert id. 

G&AINTUE-MAN, «. The same with Orintal-Man, q. v. 

GHAT 0AT8. A species of oats, & F. Blaaford. 
Pertka. Stat, Ace. 

Tc GBAIP, 9. a. I. To grope, 8.—- A. 8. grap-tuh id. 
2. To feel, in general. Lyndi. 

G&AIP, GaiP, «. I. ThegrilBn. BwreL, 3.Thevaltore. 
BeUenden'i T. ^v.— Goth, greip^ a mvenoos bird. 

GRAIP, «. A dang foric, 8. ^itnu.— So. G, gr^tf id. 

GRAY PAPE&. Brown packing paper, B. 

GBAT8, «. fl, " A dish osed by the ooantry people in 
Sootiand, of gr^ns [coleworto] and cabbsges beat to- 
gether," Ayrs. Ql. Pidcm, Frotably denominated 
from ita mixed coloar. 

GRAY 8000L. The designation given In Annandale 
to a particalar akoal of salmon. 

To GBAITH, GsATHB, «. a. 1. To make ready, 8. 
Douglai, 2. To pat on military accoutrements. 
Waiiaet, 3. To dress food. Chalm. Air. 4. To 
steep in a ley of stale urine, ike. 8. Glenfergut. — 

A. 8. fferaedian^ parsre ; Isl. greid-Of expedire. 
GBAITH, ad{f. 1. Ready. Barbour. 2. Not embai^ 

fassed. WaUaee. 8. Straight : direct, ib 4. Ear- 
nest, as to observation, ib. 
GRAITH, t. 1. Apparatus of whatever kind, 8. Oear^ 
sjnon. JkmgUu. JSTouM-^aitik, furniture of a house, 
8. Hone-graitk^ the accoutrements necessary for a 
horse, whether as employed for riding or for dmught, 

B. Maister-graith^ the beam by which horses are 
Joined to a plough or harrow, Ang. Y. Swimolk- 
Tmai. Siding-graitkf furniture necessary for riding, 
& Ainw. 2. Accoutremento for war. Lyndiay. 
S. Sobstance